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to resume 
test ban talks 

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By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

II? aboul problems of devel 
Ihe^Soyief Unton banning nuclear tests.** Wli 

oa tanning nuclear tests are to Western sources insisted betwt 

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^ n ^ D8 /2lf learl f slsare ^ Western sources insisted 
taffn in Geneva later this that the talks between officials 
_ ... .. did not constitute a reopening 

J^ r ° r on a test ban treaty 
S.^S.5?^ r S? a ^ ze ’ ^ ^ wh,ch collapsed in 1980, 
viet Foreign Minister, at a Mr Shevardnadze said he 
press conference at the end of was well pleased with the 

“^i!5?f y T l JP L ? ndon * resul1 of discussions in 
The talks wll take place on London. He thought prospects 
a scnda, and the main for dialogue were encouraging. 

P 1 *® conference lasted 
seems to be different an hour, with the first half 

The United States is chiefly taken up by a statement which 
concerned with verification of he read. When he was appoint- 

exj sting limned agreements, — 

.^L 50 ^? emphasis is Stockholm (Renter) - The 
likely to be on the problems of Warsaw Pact yesterday an- 
achieyiog a more comprehend notmeed an important conces- 

SSCSf-.. 5l®“ the Enropean 
The fact that die two sides drsairnament talks. It agreed 
tave been able to a^ee on the to postpone discussions 00 air 
tdks even though their main force activities, one of the main 
Objectives are so different is East-West stumbling blocks, 
dear evidence of the more Western delegates laid this 
accommodating attitudes they increased the conference's 
are taking to smooth the way chances of success. 

for a second summit meeting ■■— 

between Mr Mikhail Gorb- ed Foreign Minister by Mr 
achov, the Soviet leader, and Gorbachov there had been 
President Reagan. some surprise because of his 

Mr Shevardnadze men- inexperience in foreign affairs, 
lioned the talks while discuss- But yesterday he appeared 
ing preparations for a summit totally relaxed and in corn- 
meeting. This suggested that mand of his subject when 
the Russians may see the talks answering questions, 
as increasing the likelihood of While delivering an attack 
a summit He was emphatic on the American Strategic 
dial the Soviet Union was not Defence Initiative, Mr Shev- 
interested in a “empty” sum- andnadze invoked verification 
mil, but in concrete results. problems to score a neat point 

There was some confusion against the Americans, 
over precisely what he had He said that the Soviet 
said, but it was being suggest- Union believed all agreements 
ed last night that the most should be adequately verifi- 
accurate translation was: “We able, but they tad not heard a 
have reached agreement in word from the Americans 
principle with America to about how tbe strategic defen- 
resume bilateral talks at Gene- sive weapons which they were 

developing could be verified. 

What was the dividing line 
between defensive and offen- 
sive space weapons, and did 
that dividing line exist at all? 
How could one be sure that a 
space platform with missiles, 
lasers and mirrors deployed 
on it could not be used for a 
first strike? Could it be that 
the United States was ready 
for on-site inspections — in 

On the question of the 
British and French nuclear 
deterrents, Mr Shevardnadze 
said he thought it reasonable 
that they should be modern- 
ized, but “not that they should 
be quantitatively increased”. 

objective al the forthcoming 
Geneva talks with Soviet ex- 
perts on nuclear testing limita- 
tions is to bring about the 
necessary improvements in 
two existing but unratified test 
ban treaties, the White House 
spokesman said yesterday 
(Mohrin Ali writes). 

These two treaties are the 
1974 Thres hold Test Ban 
Treaty (TTBT) and the 1976 
Peaceful Nuclear Explosions 

V. » ,. -.^3S 

Mr Shevardnadze faking a refreshment break at yesterday's press conference in London. 

Pressure mounts on London and Pretoria 

mand of his subject when Treaty (PNET). TTBT bans 

answering questions. 

While delivering an attack 
on the American Strategic 
Defence Initiative, Mr Shev- 
ardnadze invoked verification 
problems to score a neat point 
against the Americans. 

He said that the Soviet 
Union believed all agreements 
should be adequately verifi- 
able. but they tad not heard a 
word from the Americans 
about how tbe strategic defen- 
sive weapons which they were 

underground nuclear weapons 
test having a yield excepting 
150 kilotons, equivalent to 
150,000 tons of TNT. 

The spokesman said the US 
aim was to bring about the 
necessary improvements in 
these two treaties “so that 
mutual confidence can be 
ensured in regard to compli- 
ance with these under- 

Leading article, page 17 

Tomorrow Race is on to take 
Playing | a Tsarist legacy 

to lose^ By Richard Lander 

Dusty company archives Stuart Thompstone, a lecturer 

As more schools 
turn to non- 
competitive games, 
what hope for rugby, 
cricket and football? 


• There is £8,000 to be 
won today in The Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition because 
there was no winner 

• Portfolio list page 25; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 20. 

Boothby dies 

Lord Boothby died last night 
in Westminster Hospital, Lon- 
don, aged 86. 

Strain on pact 

Mr Tom King defended the 
even-handedness of the KUt- 
as the Anglo-Irish agreement 
came under strain after public 
criticism of police by the Irish 
Foreign Minister •“S 6 1 

Hatton move 

Mr Derek Hatton, deputy 
leader of Liverpool Ciiy 
Council, Mil not be prosecu - 


lie Prosecutions has revealed. 

Hull degrees 

Degrees awarded by ihe Uni- 
vaKyof Hull and more clas 

I and cobweb-ridden household 
attics were being turned w psMf 
down yesterday as the nee 
began to claim a £45 million 
legacy of Imperial Russia. 

The money was freed after 
an agreement on Tuesday 
between Britain and the Soviet 

Hie pact, which concluded 
more than 69 years of on-off 
talks between the two com- 
tries on British financial and 
property assets seized in the 
Bolshevik revolution of 1917, 
seems certain to generate its 
own bonanza for lawyers. 

Descendants of kmg-foreot- 
ten industrial magnates will be 
seeking to establish title to 
textile o»1 ls and copper mines 
that operated in tbe days when 
the Tsar ruled with an iron 

The Foreign Office was 
silent yesterday, in case it 
inadvertently triggered some 
imaginative rewriting of mer- 
cantilist history. 

However some does to who 
, might be entitled to a windfall 
have been unearthed by Mr 

in Russian Economic History 
at Nottingham University 

According to Mr 
Thompstooe's researches, by 
far the biggest benefkary 
would appear to be the descen- 
dants of Mr Leslie Urqohart, 
who is said to have built up a 
Russian investment portfolio 
worth some £50 Bullion by the 
time h was confiscated. 

His mam investment was a 
large stake in the North 
Caspian OH Corporation, 
whidi lodged a daim for £54 
million after the revolution. 
Mr Urquhart’s son or daugh- 
ter, whose location is unknown 
by Mr Thompstone, stands to 
receive more than £5 mason. 

The terms of the agreement 
should reward creditors with 
about 10 per cent of their 
original investments. 

Mr Thompstone has found 
several Woe-chip companies 
whidi may well earn a little 
extra cash. Among them is Tie 
Sunday Times, which put hs 
money into tbe North Casp i a n 
Oil Corporation. 

Royal sermon omitted 

By Alan Hamiltoo 

Prince Andrew and Miss 
Sarah Ferguson have decided 
to dispense with a sermon at 
their wedding in Westminster 
Abbey next Wednesday be- 
cause of their desire to keep 
the service brief and ample. 

Buckingham Palace said 

were married at St Paul’s in 
1981, when the Archbishop. 
Dr Robert Runtie, delivered a 
short address extolling the 
bridal couple and the virtues 
of marriage. 

Sermons at marriages, royal 
or otherwise, are not obliga- 
tory, and are often omitted. 

yesterday that it had been the was no address at the 

couple’s own decision not to Westminster Abbey weddings 

have any form of address by 
the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

The service, based on the 
1662 Prayer Book, will differ 
slightly from that at which the 
Prince and Princess of Wales 

ofPrincess Margaret. Princess 
Alexandra or Princess Anne, 
although the Queen had one at 
her wedding service in the 
Abbey in 1947. 

Television coverage, page 3 

by Howe 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 

Sir Geoffrey Howe yester- 
day signalled an important 
shift in the Govonment's 
stance on South Africa when 
be told the Commons that if 
his peace mission fails further 
measures are likely to be taken 
against the Pretoria 
Goverr.mcr.t. ■ 

The Foreign Secretary told 
the Commons that in his talks 
next week with President Bo- 
tha he would be calling for 
rapid and decisive action to 
dismantle apartheid, the re- 
lease of Nelson Mandela and 
other politicial detainees and 
the ending of the ban on the 
African National Congress 
“If the mission does not 
procure tangible, substantial 
progress in South Africa I 
would regard agreement on 
some further measures as 
likely to be necessary.” 

Sir Geoffrey’s remarks, 
which caused concern on the 
Tory right, were a response to 
growing demands from within 
the Cabinet and on the Con- 
I servative back benches for a 
I Firm statement of the 
! Government’s readiness to 
impose further measures 
against South Africa 
They were clearly prompted 
by the worries of senior Cabi- 
net ministers about the possi- 
ble involvement of the Queen 
in a constitutional crisis and 
were designed to reassure 
Commonwealth countries 
that the Prime Minister, 
whom they most identify with 
complete opposition to fur- 
ther sanctions, has not closed 
the door on new measures. 

I Sir Geoffrey’s shift had been 
1 expected by several MPs who 
1 heard his private speech to the 
1 backbench foreign affairs 
committee the previous eve- 

By the end of the debate Sir 
Geoffrey had satisfied most 
Conservative MPs calling for 
sterner action. An opposition 
motion demanding the adop- 
tion of “effective economic 
measures” was defeated by 
3J9 votes to 204. 

Mr Edward Heath, the for- 
mer Prime Minister, and Mr 
Francis Pym. a former minis- 
ter. were among a handful of 
Tory abstainers. 

Parliament, page 4 

Botha unveils his 
new jet fighter 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
President Botha of South scribed the Cheetah as “a new 

Africa yesterday unveiled the 
first production model of a 
new jet fighter, named the 
Cheetah, saying that it showed 
“once again our response to 
the imposition of sanctions 
against us”. 

The aircraft is a redevel- 
oped version of the French- 
made Mirage 111, which 
South Africa began using in 
the early 1960s. Since 1977, 
South Africa has been subject 
to an international arms em- 
bargo. and has' turned to 
indigenous production. 

“We are a strong and proud 
nation, with the faith and 
ability to ensure our future. 
We are not a nation of 
jellyfish,” Mr Botha said. 
South Africa would not allow 
itself “to be humiliated and 
undermined in order to escape 

General Magnus Malan, the 
Minister of Defence, de- 

South Africa's new jet, the Cheetah, on show yesterday. 

Malaysia joins African 
states in boycott 

By John Goodbody, Sports News Correspondent 

Malaysia has become the 
sixth country, and the first 
from outside Africa, to boy- 
cott the thirteenth Common- 
wealth Games, which open 
next Thursday in Edinburgh. 

Tbe Malaysian ' Govern- 
ment yesterday decided to 
join Nigeria. Ghana, Tanza- 
nia. Kenya and Uganda by 
withdrawing its 14- competi- 
tors in protest against Britain's 
decision not to impose full 
economic sanctions against 

India and several Caribbean 
states are awaiting the out- 
come of tomorrow's meeting 
in Harare of Zimbabwe, Zam- 
bia and Botswana before de- 
ciding whether to attend the 

A total of 256 athletes and 
officials are boycotting the 

US troops to strike at Bolivian cocaine 

versity ot «uu anu witn neucnpi«j» ««. 

lists- from Oxford University ptal ^ to ve startrfamvmg 
are published today. Page 12 ^ Bolivia to help the 

v Government s campaign 

_ • f ^ aimed at wiping oat dozens of 

Shopping to 

Slem , fofm^ng^°P pil,san Six US Black Haw^h^i- 
3£*E Sty, sSs Paul copters, which were airiifted 
Smith the senior personnel ^rith their pilots to Santo 
eSutive of Marks & Spencer, about 200 miles east ofLa^z, 

fn w inWdS to today’s mil be teed to stage d>e raids- 
six-page General Appoint- xbe operation is being con- 

ments section __ ducted at the inritation of “e 

La P*z (AP) - About 140 by MrGwge Bush, flie US 

hasp stalled arriving tWO HlOOths, Will be CO- 

“aowT ordioated by tht Drag Ea- 

f0 «^trsr»e 

officials said yesterday. a u S 

Six US Black Hawkhefr <3^. 
ptere, which were airiified Santa Cruz newspapers said 

ith their pilots to Santa Cruz, (he helicopters wfll fly Ameri- 
mut 200 miles east of La Paz, an support personnel to a 
ill be used to stage tbe raids. secre t jungle base in the Beni 
The operation is being con- region of north-tart Bolivia, 
Sd anSCdatioDoffhe Jna 

i wnP ie-nuacM «««»* — 

ST officials said yesterday. 

Six US Black Hawkhefr 
ooptere, which were airidted 
yith their pilots to Cnc, 

about 200 miles east of La Paz, 

will be used to stage tbe raids. 

President Paz Estenssoro: 
invited US troops. 

security considerations to jus- 
tify unilateral presidential ac- 
tion, such as the operations hr 
Grenada and against Libya 
(Christopher Thomas writes). 

It falls into a grey legal area. 
America's Posse Comitates 
Act of 1878, which has been 
amended through tbe years, 
prohibits nse of the military 
for enforcing law. 

The Bolivian exercise could 
conceivably be covered by the 1 
provisions of the War Powers 
Resolution of 1973, a post- I 
Vietnam measure which re- ] 

1,1 . M ducted Hi ui* wruad will besiu can country, compared witn quires rougrtaswuai umiive- ha _ 

Mr W HU- «« Lihnd football 

-r-rnx^ 17 abuts in Beni, the country’s exports. where toOThdra a MfRpxbutB 

event, leaving 52 countries 
and 2,895 people still going to 
Scotland. Thus, the thirteenth 
Games are still set to be the 
biggest since they were first 
held in 1930. and the largest 
multi-sports event staged in 
Britain since Edinburgh last 
hosted them in 1970. 

Meanwhile, England is 
waiting to bear why the Com- 
monwealth Games Federation 
ruled that Zola Budd, the 
athlete, and Annette Cowley, 
the swimmer, who were both 
born in South Africa, were 
ineligible to compete in Edin- 
burgh. England could still 
challenge ihe Federation's rul- 
ing in the courts. 

Stales rethink, page 7 
Constitutional dash, page 16 
Budd not out yet, page 40 

idea relaxed 
by Thatcher 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher has 
decided not to press for na- 
tional identity cards for foot- 
ball fens because of the 
improvemeni of crowd behav- 
iour last season. 

The Prime Minister, who 
met football officials yester- 
day. said later that she was 
encouraged by the decrease in 
hooliganism but emphasized , 
the need for vigilance. 

• Mr Andy Roxburgh, who 
has never managed a club 

Home News 2-5 

Dretstfs 7-12 Let*?” 

19 Porf-me* 
Bfrlhs. deaths, SakRoem 

can country, compared with quires congressional involve- appointed 

$a)0 million for all legal ment in committing troops into c—.i’h football team man- 

ST Jl-26 £5“ »*« 

s—i m 1 

i l 

17 ‘v, Xlannh* oress attache at plants in Bern, the country’s -fv*— ~-r~ 

*7 Mark Jacote, press a Sriocipai cotaine-processing •WASHINGTON: Tbe bkel >’ 

4 the US Embassy. centre. drags operation raises far- Congress has given limited 

, g An embassy source saw The pHots have been or- reaching questions about the permission for navy ships and 

40 about 140 American military ^ w shoot .tack if fired traditional separation of tbe surveillance planes to help in 

39 personnel scheduled to pro™* noon, a US official said. military from law enforcement the anti-drags drive, bnt the 

Jo support in the anti-drag ram- ^ in(> brings in $600 mil- and further demonstrates the military itself has been wary 

20 paigo have been provided wjn million) a year tendency of the Reagan Ad- about involvement in non- 

_ liinUvmatic immunity, ana me ;tl — u flu> ^ inm. ministration in invoke national traditional areas. 

support in the anti*J« » 

77 1 waiter at : immunity, and. the 

drags operation raises far- 
reaching questions about the 
traditional separation of the 
military from bw enforcement 
and further demonstrates the 
tendency of the Reagan Ad- 
ministration m invoke national 

surveillance planes to help in 
the anti-drags drive, bnt the 
military itself has been wary 
about involvement in non- 
traditkmal areas. 

ager. Mr Roxburgh, aged 42, is 
currently director of coaching 

• England lost the first one- 
day Texaco cricket interna- 
tional to New Zealand fay 47 

Thatcher meeting, page 5 
Sport, pages 36-38, 40 

Titanic Crime 
secrets checks 

iron fist in the defence of our 
country” South African De- 
fence Force (SADF) officials 
claimed yesterday it was supe- 
rior to the Soviet-made 
MiG23 supplied to South 
Africa's neighbours. 

The SADF revealed few 
details about the Cheetah's 
performance. It said that 
about 50 per cent of the 
existing Mirage 1 1 1 had been 
“reconstructed", with consid- 
erable changes to ihe airframe 
and avionics, and that it had 
been “equipped with the latest 
navigational and weapons 

President Botha said the 
plane, developed by the Atlas 
Aircraft Corporation, a sub- 
sidiary of Armseor, tbe state- 
run armaments manufacturer, 
was “armed exclusively” with 
home-made weaponry- 

Home-grown industry, page 7 


by Alvin 

From Paul Validly 
New York 

A robot camera, powered by 
four tiny thruster jets, yester- 
day floated eerily down four 
flights of the grand staircase 
of tbe wreck of the SS Titanic, 
almost 2 16 miles below tbe 
surface of the Atlantic. 

It took hundreds of “spec- 
tacular and beautiful” photo- 
graphs, giving tbe _ three 
submarine explorers in the 
titanium sphere which con- 
trols tbe camera the first views 
of the interior of tbe sunken 
luxury liner since she went 
down in the early hours ot 
April IS, 1912. I 

The robot, known as Jason 
Junior, is attached by a 200 ft | 
cable to the pressurized sphere | 
which is the self-contained 1 
core of the submarine Alvin. 
Dr Robert Ballard, leader of 
the team from the Woods Hole 
Oceanographic Institute, said 1 
“it was like landing on the 
moon” as tbe Alvin glided 1 
down towards the dark cavern 
on the top deck, which was 
once a massive glass roof 
above the elegant columns of 
the stairway to the fiist-dass 

The crew of the Alvin, using 
a remote-controlled joystick, 
detached the 28-inch robot 
from its platform on the bow of 
the submarine and defies tely 
manoeuvred it “tike a small 
helicopter” into tbe wreck. 

“We saw decks and columns 
and rooms, like a layer cake,” 
said Dr Ballard. Then the 
robot entered a room which 
may have been the grand ball- 
room, where tbe crew saw a 
large crystal chandelier hang- 
ing intact from the ceiling. 

Tbe outside of the 13-storey 
hull was coal black, but rust 
has created a panorama of 
brilliant red, orange and yel- 
low inside. Tbe robot's cam- 
eras revealed (hat the wreck 
has deteriorated far more than 
had been thought 
Tbe_ expedition — and the 
$2JS million research project 
which preceded it — is bring 
funded by the US Navy. One. 
of Dr Ballard's mam interests 1 
is to discover bow well the 
Titanic has survived the dete- 
riorating forces of die seabed. 

Bat the experiment has con- 
siderable military potential. 
Most conventional submar- 
ines become unsafe below 1 
12,000 ft Yet die world's 1 
deepest ocean trenches, whidi ! 
constitute half of the seabed, , 
are nearly three times that I 
deep. j 

Tbe Alvin is certified to , 
work at depths of 13£00 ft, 1 
more than 1,000 ft below tbe 1 
bed on which tbe Titanic lies. 1 
Its work there, together with ; 
that of the robot camera whidi 
can work at depths that would 1 
crash both submarines, coaid | 
lay the groundwork for tech- 
nology to investigate enemy 
sonar systems and to hide 
missile-bearing submarines in 
the deepest ocean trenches. 

on child 

By Richard Evans 

Political Correspondent 

Local authorities through- 
out England and Wales are to 
be given access to information 
on police criminal records, in 
a new bid to prevent them 
employing people who have 
committed sex offences 
against children. 

The radical move, 10 be 
announced today by Mr 
David Mellor, a junior Home 
Office minister, follows an 
inter-departmental inquiry 
into the murder of a four-year- 
old girl by a persistent sex 
offender, who was taken on by 
a local authority as a baby 
sitter. Colin Evans, who had 
numerous convictions for of- 
fences against children, was 
sentenced 10 life 
imprisonoment for killing 
Marie Payne in 1984. 

In another case Leonard 
Grange, a caretaker at a 
primary school in south-west 
London who also had previ- 
ous criminal convictions, was 
jailed for life last November 
for murdering a nine-year-okl 

In ftiture, applicants for 
local council jobs involving 
day-to-day contact with chil- 
dren. such as teachers, school 
caretakers and social workers, 
will be asked to sign a form 
saying they tave no objection 
to a search of police records 
for possible convictions. 

Council chiefs will then be 
able to request police to go 
through their files to ascertain 
whether the potential recruits 
have a criminal record which 
could tave a bearing on the 

The Government action is 
unlikely to require new legisla- 
tion and will be covered by the 
Rehabilitation of Offenders 
Act of 1974. 

A Home Office circular 
announcing the change is 
likely 10 be sent out within the 
next few days. 

Pound rallies 
as dollar 
hits new low 

The pound recovered 
strongly against the dollar 
yesterday, removing fears that 
base rates might have to be 
forced higher to stem its fall. It 
gained 1.38 cents to S 1.5075 
and was later quoted in New 
York at $1.5140. 

The dollar was weak against 
all currencies, felling to a post- 
war low of 158 against ihe 
Japanese yen, after Japan's 
central bank ruled out a cut in 
the discount rate. 

Government stocks rose as 
the pound recovered, helped 
by the announcement that 
Government borrowing — at 
£599 million last month — was 
lower than expected. 

Shares were up in both 
London and New York. 

Details, page 21 

It’s aU too easy to get caught in the 
money trap. 

Either your income suffers or your 
capita] dwindles. 

Hill Samuel together with the 
Nottingham Building Society could have 
the answer you’re looking for. 

It’s called the Hill Samuel Monthly 
Income Scheme, which combines 
the security of a Building Society with 
the growth potential of Unit Trusts. 

If you have £6,000 or more to invest, 
complete and post the coupon, and we’ll 
tell you more. 

To: Philip Bame. Hill Samuel Investment Services Limited, NLA Tower, 
12-16 Awlbcombe Road. Croydon CR9 6BP. 

Mala* a focal charge calf today on UnfeUne: 0345 5Sl4gt. 

I utjufd fiLetokrxm n»ir about the Hffl Samuel Monthly Income Scheme. 

w™.- T I7/7/86C 




Anglo-Irish pact under 
strain as King defends 
RUC even-handedness 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 

:-?.The eight-month-old Anglo- 
Irish agreement was last night 
•.under its biggest strain alter 
:the outburst against the Royal 
'■rUlster Constabulary made by 
• Mr Peter Barry, the Irish 
Republic's Foreign Minister. 
----- la the Commons, Mr Tom 
'King, Secretary of State for 
■; Northern Ireland, was ada- 
■ inani that the operational 
^decisions of the RUC were 
entirely a matter for the Chief 
. - Constable of the province and 
..defended the way police bad 
-sought to deal even-handediy 
with both communities. 

While Mr King refrained 
Tftom attacking Mr Barry per- 
-sonaJJy for the stinging rebuke 
•delivered from Dublin, it was 
-made dear in Whitehall last 
: ‘night that he is furious at the 
■content and timing of the Irish 
- . minister’s comments. 

-r._- Conservative MPs were 
quick to point out that Mr 
.Barry’s comments appeared to 
-rbreach the Anglo-Irish agree- 
\:mem by attempting to direct 
T'-how the RUC foould operate. 
-:cr. Mr King, who admitted to 
. .-MPs that he had no prior 
•; - warning of Mr Barry's critical 
remarks about the handling of 
•-■“loyalist* 1 parades in the prov- 
ince, confirmed he had re- 
reived messages from Mr 
-Barry expressing his concern 
? iabout recent events. 

:: In a statement, Mr King 
. insisted that operational deci- 
sions on routing of “loyalist" 
parades in Northern ireland 

were entirely a matter for Sir 
John Hermon, Chief Consta- 
ble of the RUC. and he had no 
intention of intervening. 

Mr Barry had said in his 
statement on Tuesday night 
that he shared the deep resent- 
ment of nationalists in North- 
ern Ireland about certain 
operational decisions made by 
the RUC on the routing of 

• Mr Barry last night de- 
fended his comments, saying 
the agreement had given him 
the right to express his views 
on the rights of northern 
nationalists and he intended 
to do that strenuously (Rich- 
ard Fond writes). 

He added that his criticism 
was not against the RUC in 
general but whoever was re- 
sponsible for the decision to 
allow the Orange parade 
through the Roman Catholic 
area in Portadown. 

Mr Barry said it was time 
the security forces stood up to 
Unionist bullies and slopped 
intimidatory marches through 
Roman Catholic areas which 
nationalists bad suffered for a 
hundred years. He said the 
decision to allow the parade 
along the Garvaghy Road was 
provocative as it was an SO per 
cent Roman Catholic area and 
he believed that the RUC had 
backed down in. front of bully 
boys. However, he said the 
ordinary members of the RUC 
had for the most part carried 
out their duties in a fair and 

even handed way throughout 
a very tough 12 months. 

The latest victim of loyalist 
terror gangs in Belfast died 
yesterday two days after being 
dragged from the door of his 
home and shot three times in 
the head. 

Colum McCaUan, a Roman 
Catholic university student 
aged 25, had been on a 
liresupport machine at the 
Royal victoria Hospital since 
the shooting on the Ligoniel 
estate in the north of the city 
early on Monday morning. He 
had moved to the estate a year 
ago with his wife Bernie and 
two-year-old son Seamus and 
is the second Roman Catholic 
to be killed by the outlawed 
Protestant Action Force in 
five days. 

Before grabbing Mr 
McCallan, the three masked 
terrorists had attempted to 
seize another Roman Catholic 
who was walking his dog but 
he managed to run away. Last 
week the Protestant Action 
Force shot dead a Roman 
Catholic man 

Since the beginning of the 
year loyalist terrorists have 
killed four nationalists and a 
Protestant woman in the west 
and north of the city and the 
ominous re-emergence of loy- 
alist paramilitaries in the 
north of the city is bringing 
fear to an area where they were 
their most ruthless in the early 
years of the troubles. 

Paiiiament, page 4 

Pesticides | Criminal court fee 

SSthrisk rises t0 cost f50m 

HvWllIl 1191a Rv Framvc HiMi T Mral Affaire C nrrpcnmiflpnt 

^Agriculture Correspondent 

Fanners and horticultural 
growers are to be advised not 
to use pesticides, except when 
absolutely neccessary, and to 
consider alternative controls 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
A new pay package totalling as a 5 per cent rise in April. 

before spraying with poten- 
tially harmful chemicals. 

daily harmful chemicals. 

A new draft code of prac- 
tice, published jointly by the 
Ministry of Agriculture, the 
„ Department of Agriculture for 
^Scotland and the Welsh Of- 
,/^Xtce, is intended to provide 
% practical guidance to farmers 
•'.on how to comply with the 
hew regulations, which take 
effect later this year. 

But it is also the most open 
admission yet of the potential 
risk to human health and 
r -safety, wildlife and the envi- 

* ronment posed by pesticides. 

The code advises fanners 
. that failure to follow the 

* guidance will not in itself be 
[ an offence, but it wfll be 
; admissible in evidence in any 

* criminal proceedings brought 
; under the Food and Environ- 
ment Protection Act 1985. 

i v . It says that the chosen 
: pesticide should be one that is 
j least likely to damage crops in 
: neighbouring fields, glass- 
: -houses, private gardens and 
i wildlife, if it should drift, and 
i one which presents minimal 
I risk to livestock, domestic 
j -animals, bees and fish. 

almost £50 million for crimi- 
nal court solicitors and barris- 
ters was announced by the 
Government yesterday. 

The package, announced 
after four months of negotia- 
tions in the wake of the 
profession's legal proceedings 
against Lord H ailsham of St 
Marylebone, the Lord Chan- 
cellor, will mean a substantial 
10 percent increase in fees by 
next April. 

There will also be a new top 
level pay advisory committee, 
to be set up jointly by the Lord 
Chancellor with the Law Soci- 
ety and the Bar, which will 
collect data on lawyers' earn- 
ings to form the basis of future 
pay negotiations. 

In exchange, the profession 
has agreed to certain reforms 
in working practices and to the 
setting up of a new standing 
commission on efficiency in 
the courts. 

The new fee scale for prosecu- 
tion work amounted to £30 

In the last fortnight Lord 
Chancellor also agreed that 
solicitors working in London 
should have an extra 2 per 
cent weighting. 

In both cases the Govern- 
ment has agreed to pay money 
in exchange for reforms to i 
working practices. The Bar 
has been offered 5 per cent 
2 per cent of which is in return 
for agreeing to let counsel 1 
appear in magistrates' court 
cases without the need for a 
solicitor to attend him. and for 
QCs to appear alone without , 
junior counsels having to 
attend. ; 

Solicitors are being paid an 
extra 6.5 per cent (8 J percent 
in London). 

Explaining the higher rate 
for solicitors Lord Hailsham 

Announcing the pay pack- said yesterday that their case 
age for criminal legal aid had been presented in quite a 

defence fees. Lord Hailsham 
said yesterday that the reforms 
to working practices, and new 
standard commissions and 
fees for prosecution work, 
were “radical changes" which 
would change the atmosphere 
in future pay talks. 

The package amounts to 
£17 million for legal aid de- 
fence fees, on top of £13 mil- 
lion paid by the Government 

different way and had been 
based on an “alleged increase 
in overheads". 

Mr Tony Girling, chairman 
of the Law Society's pay 
committee, said that he was 
disappointed that the pro- 
posed increases fell far short of 
the 25-40 percent which solic- 
itors believed was fair and 
reasonable on the baas of an 
independent survey. 

Airport authority to bel College in 
reorganized for sell-off dark over 

The British Aiiports Au- aJ Assent last week, forming flin/)iniT 

thority will be reorganized to part of the Government's llUilUllH 

(nrm cavmi cpTKirgfp ciihdti. 

The British Aiiports Au- aJ Assent last week, forming 
'thority will be reorganized to part of the Government's 
form seven separate subsid- privatization programme, 
iary companies to pave the Mr Moore, replying to Mr 
way for its privatization with- Harry Greenway, Tory MP for 
.in the next 12 months, the Ealing North, said: “In line 
Government announced with government commit- 


In a Commons written re- 

„• ply, Mr John Moore, Secretary 
: of State for Transport, said the 
l change would take place on 
s-*July 31, and the next day the 
' authority would be dissolved 
and vested in a Companies 
Act company, BAA pic, which 
would be privatized during 
the first half of 1987. 

ments, a separate subsidiary 
company wiU be established to 
operate each of the BAA’s 
seven airports. 

“Group services will be 
supplied by a division of the 
main BAA holding company, 
which will charge for its 
services on a commercial 

The BAA's loans of 

These preparatory stages £43.5 million will be written 
were drawn up in the Airports off but will be issued as loan 

Act 1986, which received Roy- notes to the Government. 

Save £25.00 per month in your first year, 
whether you buy or lease 


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Birkbeck College, London, 
said yesterday that it did not 
know that London University 
had changed its policy on 
funding the college, and was 
being more “tight-fisted" than 
in the past (Our Education 
Correspondent writes). 

In a letter to The Times 
yesterday. Sir Peter Sninner- 
ton-Dyer, chairman of the 
University Grants Commis- 
sion (UGO, disclosed the 
secret of London University's 
change in funding. 

He said that fora number of 
i years the court of London 
University had given more 
money to Birkbeck than that 
allowed for in the UGC grant | 
“This year the court has 1 
decided to change that policy." 

The revelation throws light , 
on complaints that Birkbeck, 
the only college for the educa- ! 
tion of part-time adults, was ! 
being put in jeopardy by a 
change in the UGC funding 

Professor Roderick Flood, 
chairman of the college's cam- 
paign committee, said: “Be- 
cause of the complicated 
method by which these things 
have been done, we did not 
know about this. Bat we don't 
think the UGC can escape 
from its responsibilities to 
provide proper funding for a 
my cost-effective institution. 

“To say that we have been 
funded properly in the past is 
nota reason for saying that we 
should not be in the future. 
The UGC is adopting a very 
simplistic formate approach 
that doesn't recognize the 
legitimate needs of an Institu- 
tion devoted to part-timers." 

A letter from the president 
or the students' union to Sir 
Peter said that by 1990 
Btrkbeck's accumulated defi- 
■dt would be bigger Chan its 
annual income from the UGC. 
Staff cats of 20 per cent would 
have to be made if the deficit 




group gets 


The hung Association , of 
County Councils yesterday 
chose its first Labour chair- 
man after 97 years qf .unbro- 
ken Conservative leadership 
(Hugh Cteyton writes). . 

Mr John Allison, of West 
Glamorgan County Council, 
heal Mr Lewis Mo» the 
former leader of . the 
association’s Conservative 

Mrlvorn^n Teh bit, party d winnuB, with Mr JnnNock, Ttory dn^jjdgte in the by-election (Photograph: John Carter). 

Labour anger on Liberal poll ‘dirt 9 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

The Liberal Party will do 
severe damage to die tone of 
British politics if ft persists 
with its “dirty” campaigning 
tactics, Mr Robin 1 Cook, 
Labour's national campaign 
coordinator, said yesterday on 
the eve of the poll in the 
Newcastle-under-Lyme by- 

Pledging his party to fight 
dean, Mr Cook deplored the 
personal attacks on Mrs Lite 
Golding, the Labonr front- 
runner in the North Stafford- 
shire contest. 

He said that they were in 
hue with the seamy style 
adopted by the Liberals under 

Mr Andrew EDis, its secretary 

general, since Mr Peter 
TatcbdTs defeat in Bermond- 
sey in 1983. 

Mr Cook said: "This is the 
by-election in which the hid- 
den face of the Liberal party 
has been rumbled. 

“They bare been caught out 
In tactics below the belL These 
happen wherever Andrew Ellis 

“As Dr Jekyll discovered, 
yon cannot indefinitely lead a 
doable life. Mr Hyde is catch- 
ing ap and people are seeing 
that they are not the nice dean 
gays they pretend to be.” 

Labour's anger centres on 
repeated references to the way 
Mrs Golding was elected, 
succeeding her husband when 
he resigned the seat on being 

National Communications 
Union: a Liberal newsletter 
highlighting rtwir joint income 
«f£50,000 a yean a bogus 
headline on a leaflet reprinting 
a letter from the local newspa- 
per; and accusations that Mrs 
Golding is a “closet Tory". 

Mr Cook promised that 
Labour would not stoop to 
such tactics and challenged 
Mr Ellis to do likewise. 

He said: “If he continues in 
bis present style not only will 
he eventually hurt his own 
party, he win do severe, possi- 
bly permanent, damage to the 
tone of British politics." 

The Liberals brushed aside 
tiie accusations, saying that 
Labour was over-reacting to a 

robust and a ggressiv e cam- 
paign that threatened their 
private tfegfe” in the town. 

Mr EDis retorted: “Mr 
Cook is Mr Hyde all the time. 

“I find it hard to befievethls 
is a genuine offer from Robin 
Cook, but even ff it was lam, 
certain he conlda't defiver the 
Labonr Party given the way 
they hare fought elections over 
the years.” 

group, Dy /•> IV JO W1UI-9UU1K 
support from Alliance .ana 

independent councillors. 

Mr Allison's election to the 
top position in what was-once 
an impregnable Conservative 
stronghold reflects the weak- 
ening of the party's influence: 
in local government after the 
elections of the past two years. 

The association playfrakey 
role in negotiating with minis- 
ters about local government 
finance and retiresetrts . The 
shires' view on many statutory 
negotiating bodies. 

The Conservatives naye-:72 
seats on the association, .La- 
bour 59 with one vacancy, the 
Alliance 30 and the 'indepen- 
dents 11. 

Father loses :: 
taxi fare case 

Polfing takes place today, 
with Mrs GoMing expected to 
hold the seat with the Tories 
and the Affiance in a close 
contest for second place. 

General Election: J Golding 
(Lab) 21,210, L Lawrence (Q 
18.406, A Thomas (L/AH) 
i 0.9 16- Lab mzyority: 2,804. 

SDP peer 
aged 68 

Defence policy to 
heal Alliance rift 

Mr John Vaughan, ‘of 
Nunsford Close. Uiberiand, s 
Liverpool, an unonploytd'la- 
tber of two, lost his case at the 
Court of Appeal yestertiay to 
have the Department : of 
Health and Social Security pay 
fora, taxi so lhal (ns children 
can visit him atwqekeods. . 

Mr Vaughan is tanned from! 
seeing his. former wife,' who 
lives seven : miles, away. She 

looks after Gareth, aged nine, 


iTXHVivHtMv the week. Ho argued that he 

By Sheila Gmm, Political Staff 

to CPSA 

should not have to pi 
weekly £8 foie, out t 
supplementary benefit 

Lord Crawshaw of Aintree. 
the SDP peer, was found dead 
yesterday at his flat in Dol- 
phin Square, London. He was 
68 . 

The former Labour MP for 
Liverpool Toxteth from 1964, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Richard 
Crawshaw resigned from the 
party in 1981 to join the Social 
Democratic Party. 

Lord Crawshaw was due to 
row for the Alliance peers in 
yesterday's parliamentary 
rowing regatta on the Thames. 
Friends at Westminster said 
that he had been exercising 
hard for the race. 

He listed among his hobbies 
climbing, walking, free-fall 
parachuting and youth activi- 
ties, and in 1972 set a world 
non-stop walking record of 
225.8 miles. 

Mrs Shirley Williams, SDP 
president, said Lord 
Crawshaw was “one of the 
bravest most modest men I 
ever met". 

“In joining the SDP, he 
risked his seat his position as 
deputy Speaker and his 

Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, said: “Dick Crawshaw 
will be deeply missed. He was 
the first ever SDP-nominaled 
life peer." 

Obituary, page 18 

Mr David Steel and Dr 
David Owen unveiled their 
joint policy agreement yester- 
day, which they hope will 
temporarily cover up the 
cracks in their defence 

The emphasis is cm Britain's 
contribution to a European 
nuclear deterrent But while it 
is full of general policy state- 
ments, it does not mention the 
future or replacement of Po- 

It is the result of several 
months work on a programme 
of Alliance objectives, aimed 
at giving a dear joint agree- 
ment in the run-up to the next 
general election. 

The rift has been caused by 
Dr Owen's call for a dear 
Alliance commitment to re- 
place Polaris when it becomes 
obsolete, unless world circum- 
stances change dramatically. 
Mr Steel is willing to go along 
with an earlier Alliance report, 
which said that the decision 
could be put off for years. 

ence on July 26 and the two 
party conferences in 

The two leaders were at 
pains to emphasize the agree- 
ment is only a draft document 
They are continuing their 
talks with European defence 
chiefs during the summer and 
autumn, including a visit to 
Nato in early September. The 
policy is expected to be final- 
ized in January. But Mr Steel 
refused to speculate on wheth- 
er this would include the 
foture of Polaris. 

The document concentrates 
on areas of agreeement 

“The Atlantic Alliance will, 
however, continue to depend 
in part on nuclear weapons for 
minimum deterrence for the 
foreseeable furore, pending 
the step-by-step process of 
confidence-building and ar- 
maments reduction which we 
are determined will assist the 
transition from collective to 
common security. 

“Western Europe's exces- 

Tfae latest document, part of sive dependence on the Unit- 
Priorilies for the 1990s, does ed States for its defence is one 

not resolve that difference and 
does not reveal any shift in 
position on either side. But the 
Alliance leaders obviously 
hope that it will be enough to 
form the basis of debate at the 
Alliance candidates’ confer- 

of the reasons for repeated 
crises and misunderstandings 
within the Atlantic Alliance. 
We are dear that the Europe- 
an defence pillar within Nato 
must be strengthened in every 
way " the document says. 

By Mark Dowd 

Mr John Macreadie yester- 
day challenged the right-wing 
executive of the Civil and 
Public Services Association to 
convene a special debate 
. conference to settle the matter 
of his disputed election. 

The move comes after the 
left-winger’s defeat in the High 
Court on Tuesday, when Mr 
Justice Vindott rated that the 
executive had acted constitu- 
tionally in barring him - from 
taking up office as general 
secretary, pending an inquiry 
into electoral iiregularites. 

in a letter to Mrs. Marion 
Chambers, the. CPSA presi- 
dent, Mr Macreadie sakfcThe 
delegate ‘ conference is die 
governing body of the union 
and is responsible for laying 
down the policies and princi- 
ples of the union. If the right- 
wing group on the executive 
are confident that -they are 
acting in good feilh, I chal- 
lenge you and the executive to 
use your powers to call a 
special delegate conference 
and let it decide.” 

Mrs Chambers was not 
available for comment yester- 
day, but a leading right-wing 
member of the executive de- 
scribed it as a “last gasp 
desperate effort” 

CkifflpaignTdr'- ; 
holiday rights 

A “Give us a break” cam--, 
paign was launched yesterday 
to ensure that all workers get 
statutory holiday rights. 

*. The West Midlands Low 
Pay Unit, funded fry West 
Midlands councils, claims 
that some workers do. not 
receive any paid holidays at 
all It adds that the power of 
wages councils to- set holiday 
levels for the lowest' paid, is 
threatened under a clause in 
the Wages .Bill now before 
Parliament' '""V- 

Warning after 
‘gnome* death 

Mr Peter Old, coroner for 
North Cleveland, yesterday 
urged gardeners to have regu- 
lar anti-tetanus injections af- 
ter hearing how a woman aged 
58 had died after cutting her 
leg on the fishing rod of a 
garden gnome. ; 

Mis Jean - McMaiius died 
last weekend from -tetanus 
poisoning although- she had 
had an anti-tetanus injection 
an hour after the accident - 

More cash for 
roads wanted 

NUT may defy court 
on providing cover 

Ford to invest £45m at 
component plants 

By Lacy Hodges, Education Correspondent 
The National Union of members are not providing 

Teachers announced yester- 
day that it would not be 
appealing against a High 
Court judgement that teachers 
are contractually bound to 
take the lessons of absent 

At the same time the union 
made clear that it was pre- 
pared to use the weapon of 
refusal to cover in furore 
disputes, in spite of the ruling. 

Refusal to cover was an 
effective weapon in last year’s 
teachers’ pay dispute, leading 
to thousands of children going 
without lessons and being sent 
home. It is still being used in 
some areas, although the 
union has advised teachers to 
return to providing cover. 

Mr Doug McAvoy, deputy 
general secretary of the NUT, 
said: “If in the autumn our 

cover because we have reim- 
posed no-cover as a sanction, 
then we would support our 
members accordingly." 

The union said yesterday 
that it would be seeking a 
negotiated agreement with lo- 
cal authority employers on the 
issue of cover for absence, in 
the current talks on pay 

Mr McAvoy insisted that 
the union would retain the 
option of imposing no-cover i 
as a sanction if the talks foiled. 

In the talks on pay and 
conditions, the union is pro- > 
pared to provide cover for the i 
first day of a teacher’s absence 
if it can obtain agreement on 
guaranteed non-classroom j 
time for marking and prepara- ! 
tion, and on adequate supplies 1 
of temporary teachers to stand j 
in for absentees. 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 
Ford of Britain said jester- after a long and detailed study 
day that it planned to invest of the plant’s viability. He said 

about £45 million at three of that without injection of new 
its component plants in the work, the outlook would have 

its component plants m roe 
next four years, but said that a 
London factory would proba- 
bly close with the loss of about 
300 jobs. 

The investment pro- 
gramme, which will however 
lead to more than 100 job 
losses in the next three years, 
involves plants in Belfast, 
north London and Sooth 

been bleak. 

The Belfast plant wSl man- 
ufacture oil and water pumps 
for the Fond 2.5 diesel-injec- 
tion engine, the CVH petrol 
engine range built at Bridgend 
in South Wales, and two new 
engines under development 

The company is also to 
invest £5.3 million at a plant 
in Treforest South Wales, and 

The Government is not 
spending enough to. modern- 
ize Britain’s outdated road . 
network, the Road Haulage 
Association said yesterday. • 
Mr Glyn ,Samuel, the 
association's chairman, ibid a 
transport conference at Sussex 
University that accelerated 
road development as part of 
increased investment in trans- 
port was needed to solve 
traffic problems. , 

Second police 

cell hanging 

The bulk of the spending, £92 million at Enfield on 
about £30 million, will be ?*** P Iu « production. That 

spent on modernizing the m vestment wUl lead eventual- 
Belfast plant, bringing the ft, to J°b losses 

total investment therein the at the two loca- 

pasi 10 years to £53 million. ® *!» to sp«d 

£300,000 at the company’s 
Mr Bill Hayden, vice-presi- electrical and electronics oper- 
nt of Ford of Europe, said ations headquarters at Basii- 
e decision to invest came . don, Essex. 

The second prisoner in. two 
days to hang himself with his 
boot laces in an English police 
station was found in a 
Merseyside police station ceil. 

Anthony Murray, aged. 23, 
of Sefton Park, Liverpool, was 
arrested on Tuesday for theft 
and for escaping from custo- 
dy. He was found a 

few hours later. 




dent of Ford of Europe, said 
the decision to invest came 

Talks on 

Wapping demos ‘exploited’ 

By a Staff Reporter 

Staff representatives from 
News International's 
workforce at Wapping are to 
meet Mr Rupert Murdoch for 
talks on the six-month 

The salaried staff council, 
which represents all employ- 
ees except journalists, request- 
ed the talks to clarify details of 
Mr Murdoch’s recent meeting 
in Los Angeles with leaders of 
the electricians' union, 

Mr Eric Hammond, the 
union’s general secretary, put 
proposals to the News Inter- 
national chairman at that 
meeting for a resumption of 
negotiations with traditional 
print union leaders represent- 
ing 5.500 workers who were 
dismissed. The company said 
Iasi night that the meeting 
with staff representatives 
would take place within the 

Print unions could not be 
held responsible for people 
with “side minds" who take a 
“sadistic delight" in exploiting 
demonstrations at the News 
International plant in 
Wapping, east London, it was 
claimed in the High Court 

ye |^Eidred Tabachnik QC, 
for Soeat '81 also said that the 

for Sogat ’82, alst) said that the 
right of the unions to hold 
marches to Wapping was as 
lawful as the royal wedding 
procession next week- He was 

speaking on the fifth day of 
News International's bid to 
curb mass picketing at its 

Processions were perfectly 
lawful provided they were 
peaceful and orderly, Mr 
Tabachnik said. People not 
involved in the dispute may 
wish to exploit them, but it 
was absolutely clear their be- 
haviour was not condoned or 
authorized by the union. 

He told Mr Justice Stuart- 
Smitii that when considering 
whether to gram an injunction 
J * ’ationa! 

■ witf a itfr rtfewfeW iln : 

ing the number of pickets 
outside the plant to six, it was 
important to draw a distinc- 
tion between demonstrators 
near the plant and pickets on 
the gate. 

He said mass picketing was 
a mob at the gate, seeking by 
violence, intimidation and 
sheer force of numbers to stop 
people going in or out “But 
what is happening at Wapping 
is very far from that 

Police on duty at the plant 
normally limited pickets on 
the gate to six. There was a 
substantia] gap of some 85 
yards between them and dem- 

He said that nobody could 
complain just because he had 
to go through a crowd to get to 
and from work. It would be 
“totally wrong in law and 
illogical" to measure the law- 
fulness of a gathering by the 
numbers attending. 

The judge commented that 
the more people there were the 
more frightening it was and 
the more difficult they west to 

they behaved perfectly proper- 
ly “it does not matter, whether 
you have five or 500". 

Mr Tabachnik said that 
when considering the applies - 1 
lion by News International 

and fiveassodated companies 

U seeking by for orders curbing unlawful 
dation and picketing and restraining nui- 
tbers to stop sauce and obstruction, it was a 
jr out “But question of degree which the 
; at Wapping judge would have to decide, 
from that He said that any order 
against the union would mean 
at the plant it could be held in contempt of 
pickets on court for the actions of the 
rhere was a lunatic fringe, 
rf some 85 The order would introduce 
m and dem- inflexibility into picketing at 
Wapping. Police who kept 
foody could dose scrutiny on events there 
a use he had wens better suited, to decide 
Twdto getto the need for restrictions than 
It would be the courts, 
in law and He said it now appeared 
are the law- that News International ac- . 
ring by the cepied that the presence of six 
g. pickets at Wapping was not 

men ted that unlawful secondary picketing 
i ere were the so long as no unlawful act was 
it was and committed or commissioned.' 
they west io The hearing continual to- 

Labour choice 

to fight Baker 

37, a councillor^ ihfHLtfndon 
borough of Islington and a 
schoolteacher, has been select- 
ed as prospective Labonr can- 
didate for the Mole Valley 

At the general election Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary , of. 
State for Education and 'Sci- 
ence. hada majority bn4,718.- 

Tonic for tired; 


Weary drivers heading for 
West Country holiday resorts 
are being urged to take part In 
special exercise workouts to 
try to reduce toad accidents. 

Devon, and ComwaUpoKce 
want to jtet sleepy motorists 
from then* cars and idto.some 
rest areas on foe M5 for keep- 
fit sessions to clear their 
heads. • 

Tunnel move 
to use rail 

Eurotunnel, the Gtfoind 
■tunnel prdmoters; agreed yes- 
today to switch transport of 
foundation material 
proposed new fixecHM "fcr- 

gi k •»* j. ^ 

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Teenage fruit machine 
gamblers are a threat 
to families, parents say 

The number of teenage 
gamblers in Britain addicted 
to playing fruit machines is 
becoming a growing menace 
to family life, a newly-formed 
parents support group claimed 
yestentey. Parents of Young 
Gamblers, which was 
launched at the House of 
Commons, says youngsters 
aged 10 and 12 are often seen 
entering gambling arcades 
where they spend hours gam- 
■ Dling on fruit machines. Many 
eventually turn to crime as a 
means of funding their 

Teenagers who become 
compulsive gamblers, often 
withdraw from family life, 
developing an obstinate sul- 
lenness. Parents of Young 
Gamblers hopes that as a 
group it can offer advice, 
information and help to bring 
about greater public aware- 
ness Of the need for legislation 
to reduce the growing number 
of victims. 

Although the number of 
youngsters affected by this 
gambling addiction is un- 
known, Gamblers Anon- 
ymous say the 2,000 children, 
who are brought in each year 
'by their parents seeking help, 
is “just the tip of the iceberg”. 

Mrs Hazel Nathan, of 
Yeovil, Summerset. whose 20- 
year-old son, Andrew, has 
been gambling since he was 

By AngeRa Johnson 

12, said he had to steal to fund 
his addition. 

“At first, it was taking 
money from the family and 
even selling pieces of my 
jewellery, but once he l aft 
school things became worse 
and he began stealing from bis 

“He would come out of 
court with a fine for £500, 
which the family bad to pay. 
only to end up back in court 
within a short time for the 
same offence of stealing and 
on one occasion, burglary. 

“The last straw for me came 
when he stole and sold the 
final present given 10 me by 
my husband before he died. ! 
was devastated, and it made 
me realize how big a problem 
he had. 

“We are now working to- 
gether to try and contain it, 
but it will lake some lime.'* 

Mrs Nathan recently deliv- 
ered a 3,000 signature petition 
to Yeovil council calling for 
closer examination of the 
effect the town's three amuse- 
ment arcades were having on 
teenagers. She would like to 
see an age limit introduced for 
the users of such arcades. 

Her son, who was recently 
convicted of stealing £500 
from his employers, said he 
became addicted to gambling 
on machines during family 

Drink case doctor I Divorcee 

cleared by GMC 

A Highland doctor accused 
of attending patients while 
under the influence of drink 
‘was yesterday dewed iff the 
last of 10 charges against him 
by the General Medical 
Connors professional conduct 
committee in London. 

Dr John Austin Forbes- 
Proctor, aged 46, of KuiriboU 
House, Tongue, Sutherland, 

a while bid when be saw that 
Red Pete had stoned to regain 
consciousness and while wait- 
ing for the ambulance to arrive 
he had a sip of whisky. 

He said that about 20 
mhmtes later, when the ambu- 
lance bad taken Red Pete to { 
hospital, he finished his whis- 
ky and went home. 

' He said that Red Pete had 

rie saw ueu neu 1™ u*u 

was on Tuesday acquitted iff -fallen so many tunes both in 
nine charges and the commit- the bar and at his home” that 

tee decided yesterday that the 
final charge was net proved. 

The doctor, who nasally 
travels his 850-square mOe 
area In a Forbes tartan Irflt and 
deerstalker hat; gave evidence 

it was common practice to 
ignore such an occmTeace. 
That evening there had been a 
general jack of concern over 
the incident. 

Cross-examined by Mr Ber~ 

“T** * . . Uross-exammea oy wriwr- 

S? ifartIiveseyfortoeGMC,toe 

doctor saidit was “absolutely 

CTe “ j . doctor said it was “ansoroieiy 

ofwhisky before attending to a to he was a 

patent lying unconscious at doctor ^bo placed drink before 
‘ ee *‘ the immediate interests of his 

After his acquittal toe doc- patient 
tor said he was “absolutely ^ committee an- 

his feet. 

■ After his acquittal toe doc- 
tor said he was “absolutely 
delighted” with the verdict He 
said he intended to maintain 
the same high standard of care 
to all his patients. “I do not 
bear any of them any 01 wiQ 

Asked if he wonld have a 
drink to celebrate his acquittal 
he said: “Certainly not” 

In evidence yesterday he 
admitted that he did “partake 
of a small portion of a glass of 
whisky” bat claimed that was 
after he examined a patient 
known as Red Pete, who 
knocked himself out in a 

He said that during the 
examination of Red Pete one 
of the local people had said: 
“Better give the doc a dram. 
He said he left toe whisky for 

nonneed its decision. Lienten- 
ant-Colonel John Moncrieff, 
aged 56, .who owns toe Ben 
Loyal Estate inTongne, shout- 
ed at the committee from the 
public gallery. 

Miss Jackie Baldwin, chief 
witness in toe last charge, said 
after the acquittals: “We 
didn't come here to tell lies. I 
have been made oat to be die 
duef liar in this case. We are a 
close-knit community and we 
ore aU terribly worried about 
today's outcome.” 

Mrs Margaret Macfcay, iff 
TaOmine, near Tongue, said: 
“What shall we do? Do we go 
back to the doctor we have 
such Utile faith in or do we 
travel 20-odd miles to find 
another doctor?” 

‘in death 
cash offer 9 

William Jones, an oil rig 
worker, told a jury yesterday 
how a wealthy divorcee of- 
fered him £10,000 to kill her 
, former husband. 

He told Cardiff Crown 
Court that Joyce Topham. 
aged 48, paid his air fare from 
Norway to Britain before of- 
fering the deal. 

Mr Jones, aged 42, who is 
resident in Norway, said: “She 
wanted him dead and she 
offered me £10,000 to do it.” 

He said that he had twice 
been, to a casino with Mrs 
Topham and had seen her bet 
thousands of pounds. 

Mr Gerard Bias, QC, for 
the prosecution, told the court 
that when Mr Jones refused 
the contract, Mrs Topham 
killed her former husband, 
Ken Topham, aged 68, herself. 

Mr Jones said: “There were 
papers involving black money 
held at Mr Topham’s house 
and she wanted to get them 

He said that Mt Topham 
earned his keys all the time 
and Mrs Topham had made 
arrangements for Mr Topham 
to come 10 her house to collect 
some jewellery. 

He added: ^She suggested 
she wanted him done. She 
said, 'I want him dead'.” 

Joyce Topham. of The 
Walk, Roath, Cardiff, denies 
murdering Kenneth Topham 
and denies soliciting Mr Jones 
10 murder him. 

She also denies burgling Mr 
Topham’s home in Words- 
worth Avenue, Cardiff 

The case continues. 

Judue Michael Coombe said claiming she had no money. 

• v,_ « THa itirrop coin that « 

in the Central Criminal Court 
that Mrs Dare Cohen, aged 

rn 1 1 I aiui 

The judge said that in 
making his sad decision he 

inaL V.i<ut VUIH.U, -6-. : — -y — 

58, had been “deceitful” and took into account that Mrs 
had concealed the where- Cohen suffered from ill health 

abouts of her assets. , -- — , — - . 

Ordering her to hand over and had been abandoned by 
the money within six months her unscrupulous and lying 
or face a year's imprisonment, son, Roimld, aged 34. 
the judge said that Mrs Cohen, Ronald Cohen, a Hatton 

' torfen bullion deafer, facing 

■ charges of evading £7 million 

VAT on gold sales, skipped 
bail in April and is believed to 
be living in Montreal with his 
wife and two children. 

Mrs Cohen stood surety for 
£225,000 to guarantee his 
attendance for trial but the 
judge said she would not 
forfeit the full amount The 
court was told that since he 
disappeared Mrs Cohen had 
arranged the sale of two 
bouses and sent the proceeds 
of £220,000 to her daughter in 
Israel. She claimed that she 
had paid off thousands of 
n.r» ratten alter we sounds of her son's debts and 

because of “her tragic past” 

Matchbox Mother ordered to pay 
bomb sent £200,000 in lost bail 

to TJ 111 , / l A “devoted” mother was centra tion camp, of 

MLlllfl ordered to forfeit £200,000 Rodborough Road, Golders 
■yesterday because her son Green, north-west London, 
By Michael Horsnell jumped bail and went on the had deliberately attempted to 

LL . . ran. avoid her obligations by 

A matchbox bomb intradea ^ Micbael Coombe said claiming she had no money, 
for Mr Douglas H urd, Hom e ^ 5 judee ^ ^ 

Secretary, igrnwl £1^ Cohen, aged making his sad decision he 

the Home Office in Q*Jf“ 5 « ^ ^ eea “deceitful” and took into account that Mrs 
Anne’s Gatocentnd London. where- Cohen suffered from ill health 

The incendiary tow «>n- assets. because of “her tragic past” 

sisfing of matches and a phial abo^ ^ over and had been abandoned by 

of ini^rnabte liquid jad^ed ^ months her muCTjipukras and lying 

into a matchbox is beuevea 10 u ^ , $ in , prisonnl ent, son, Ronald, aged 34. 

have been sent by the Scottish ^ajd that Mrs Cohen, Ronald Cohen, a Hatton 

N Ofe^m sXnd ?s£vivor from a Nazi con- Garden bullion deafer, facing 

Yard’s anti-terrorist . squad 
were called after security start 
at the Home Office intercept- 
ed the suspicious P acka Sf’ 
which was addressed to Mr 
Hurd. All mail addressof to 

ministers is checked before 

being forwarded. 

The package ignited in a 
secure area upon opening but 
caused neither damage nor 

inj A%okcsrMB for Scotland 
Yard said; t. *w * vety 

amateurish device- . 

It was similar I? devices _ 

■ .-.v.ysi. 


It W flS SiTHiuu — ■ ***■ — iiau jkuw vu uivujajiua ui 

sent during the past two yeara Clare Cohen after toe pounds after son's debts and 

b^r the SNLA to ministers and | bearing. had “nothing left . 

iiimmisoverBeckford link 

anal foor, wbo was killed Welmm had been grossl. 

ietmann had been grossly 

Dr Frank Reeves, vice-prin- 

lVIUI*r— ford, agedfonr, who was killed Wegwmi had been grossly 
By Craig Seton ordered Dr Frank Reeves, vire-prin- 


block 1 ^ Dielmanns .ppo«W» £ 

a* the wh “* ( S^!o4l Conserva- sbe fe a 

t™ 35 ** case to a protest anKmg toraiowserra qaalified professional who im- 

ssj.-ja a.g i-r&'ssM 

Wolverhampton ^ ^ September- fy involved in the appointment 

^ Sstrsss -- ■-“'Frtfs £S¥Sssrif« 


north stepfather, for ma nstaagni ^ ^ aM mvG ontluiranr .tho mh 



holidays at the seaside. This 
compulsion led to his spend- 
ing an average £35 an hour. 
He would spend his entire 
week’s wages within hours of 
getting i’l 

“I was stealing money from 
anywhere I could get my 
hands on it without any regard 
for the consequences. It is an 
addiction which took over my 
way of life,” he said- 

Gamblers Anonymous said 
they were not always able xo 
help such youngsters, because 
they could not relate to the 
problems of older gamblers, 
who make up most of their 
membership, and soon 
dropped out. 

“The sad thing is that they 
usually return some years later 
as adults, who have spent 
several years in prison as a 
result of crimes committed to 
fuel their addiction,” a spokes- 
man said. 

Parents of Young Gamblers 
are being supported by the 
Amusement Arcade Action 
Group, who have been press- 
ing for a law to regulate the 
siting and operation of amuse- 
ment arcades and slot 

Parents of Young Gamblers 
is based at Memorial School. 
Mount Street, Taunton, TA1 
3QB. Telephone Taunton 
(0823) 56936. 

. ■ i : ;•>* * - 4 K - 

Mr Andrew McGill, a wedding procession footman, who saw toe post at a Jobcentre (Photograph: BQ1 Warhnrst). 

Full rehearsal for wedding procession 

By Alan Hamilton 

Royal coaches and nearly 
200 troopers of the Household 
Cavalry were doe on toe 
streets of London at dawn this 
morning for a full-scale re- 
hearsal of the royal wedding 
processions to and from West- 
minster Abbey, with officials 
chocking toe timing of the 

The rehearsal was due to 
finish by 630am so that 
morning traffic would not be 

Yesterday the Royal Mews 
at Buckingham Palace gave a 
preview to journalists of the 
nine coaches and 28 horses to 
be used oa toe day. 

Miss Sarah Ferguson will 
ride from Clarence House to 

toe abbey m toe Glass Coach, 
which was built in 1910, 
bought by King George V for 
bis Coronation, and was used 
to carry toe Princess of Wales 
to her wedding in 1981. Prince 
Andrew wOl ride to the abbey, 
and the couple will return, in 
the magnificent 1902 opeiHop 
state landau. 

The Queen and other mem- 
bers of toe Royal Family will 
also travel in open landans, 
unless it is raining. In that 
case the bride and groom will 
return in toe Scottish State 
Coach, and the Queen in the 
Irish State Coach. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir 
John Miller, the Crown 
Eqseny in charge of the Royal 
Mews, said that in the event of 
a sadden change in the weath- 

er the coaches could be 
switched very quickly, even 
while the service was in 

The Glass Coach will be 
drawn by two experienced 
bays. Brown Owl and Gos- 
hawk, and driven by royal 
coachman Mr Cecfl Nelson, 
who has been promoted since 
the 1981 royal wedding when 
he was an outrider. 

Among the coachmen and 
footmen on toe carriages will 
be several armed police dis- 
guised as Royal Mews staff 
The real footmen include Mr 
Andrew McGill, aged 23, of 
Liverpool, who was unem- 
ployed until he saw toe post 
advertised in his local 

• The Archbishop of Canter- 

bury, Dr Robert Runcie, and 
Mr James Wilkinson, his 
cross-bearer, have been invest- 
ed with an unexpected author- 
ity for the royal wedding 
(Gavin Bell writes). 

Apart from sanctifying the 
marriage, they win be in a 
position to permit — or to 
deprive — millions of televi- 
sion viewers throughout the 
world a glimpse of toe couple’s 
faces daring toe ceremony. 

ITV executives said yester- 
day that toe conple’s faces 
could be blocked if Dr Runcie 
or bis assistant more in front 
of a remote-controlled camera 

Mr Barrie Sales, ITV’s 
executive producer for the 
event, said: “If they move six 
inches either way, we could be 
in trouble.” 

scheme to 
boost jobs 
in tourism 

By Derek Harris 

Industrial Editor 

A five-year scheme to pro- 
vide thousands of jobs in: a 
national tourism development 
network was launched yester- 
day by Lord Young .of 
Graffbam. Secretary of State 

for Employment. 

In the first annual govern- 
ment audit on progress. 'i a 
boosting tourism to provide 
more jobs. Lord Young said 
t hat th e English Tourist Board 
(ETB) would develop a net- 
work of tourist development 
action programmes (TDAPs), 
which could have a big impact 
onjob creation. 

The latest TDAP launched 
by the board will create more 
than 3,000 jobs in the Ports- 
mouth area, with a £200 mil- 
lion public and private sector 
investment in tourist facili- 
ties. Similar schemes are also 
under way in Bristol, Brad- 
ford, Tyne and Wear, Exmoor 
and Kidder Water. 

Lord Young said that two 
further TDAPs would be start- 
ed. in the Birmingham city 
centre and in the Forest 1 ' of 
Dean, Gloucestershire, while 
Bridlington, Humberside, .and 
Torbay. Devon, were also 
being considered. 

Two other candidates were 
London's docklands and parts 
of the West Country affected 
by tin mining cutbacks. The 
report said that the docklands 
offered “an exceptional 
Opportunity" for the develop- 
ment of a wide range of tourist 

Research on job creation by 
the tourism ana leisure indus- 
try indicated that jobs rose by 
43,000, or 3.5 per cent, in the 
year to June 1985. 

Lord Young discounted 
fears that the decline in Amer- 
ican tourists, arising from- the 
weak dollar and recent terror- 
ism scares, might curb the 
growth in tourism jobs. He 
said that the industry was now 
“back on course”. 



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South Africa debate • Irish complaint • BL buses 

Negotiations still the best and 
quickest way to end apartheid 


Tory Party's funds, or over £1 

million, were contributed by 
firms with operations or estates 
in South Africa. 

Nothing (he said) can dent the 
Prime Minister’s unassailable 

complacency and the inspis- 
whicn it 

Sr Geoffrey Howe. Secretary of 
State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs, 
told the Commons that if his 
mission to South Africa did not 
procure tangible and substantial 
progress in South Africa, be 
would regard agreement on 
some further measures as likely 
to be necessary. 

He outlined the main points 
he will be putting to President 
Botha of South Africa and Mr 
Pik Botha, its Foreign Secretary, 
when he is in that country. 

He said he would use these 
meetings to explore the 
intentions of the South African 
Government to take measures 
further to dismantle apartheid. 
He would urge on them the need 
to act rapidly and decisively in 
that direction if further tragedy 
was to be avoided. 

Most urgently of all. lie would 
press on them the need to 
release Nelson Mandella and 
other political detainees and to 
unban the ANC and other 
political parties. 

The Foreign Secretary also set 
out the five main propositions 
he had put to each of the four 
leaders of African states be had 
so for met — three on bis first 
visit to Africa and one that day 
in London. These were; 

• Apartheid must give way to 
a noiHracial folly representative 

• It should be acknowledged 
’that change in South Africa bad 
taken place. There must be more 
and more quickly but it would 
be wrong not to acknowledge 
the change that had taken place. ^ 

• Negotiations still remained 
the best and quickest means of 
Ininging apartheid to an end. 
Violence would prolong the 
process of change and prolong 
misery. The right setting for 
dialogue and change should be 
the suspension of violence on all 

• He had made the point that 
comprehensive mandatory 
sanctions would not, as some 
liked to believe, bring down the 
South African Government. It 
was not on the verge of collapse. 

• They must continue to 
identify and exploit every 
chance and opportunity for 

From the discussions, he said, 
three things had emerged. First, 
there was complete agreement 
about objectives. Second, there 
were significant and 
understandable differences 
about means, including 
differences between the four 
leaders, and third, greater 
readiness to accept the sincerity 
of the mission he was 

A ban on all investment was 
desirable but would have little 
effect beyond what was going to 
happen anyway. He had not met 
anyone recently who was 
prepared to put a penny of new 
money into South Africa if he 
could help it 

Whatever package was finally 
adopted it must be the subject of 
collective action by a lame 
number of states, hopefully 
through the United Nations, ft 
must be strict and swift It was 
no good the Prime Minister 
thinking that she could put off 
decisions beyond tbe 
Commonwealth conference. To 
seek delay now would mean that 
decision would come too late. 

Mrs Thatcher's arguments 
had become wilder and wilder. 
She should apologize to Bishop 
Tulu and the Synod of the 
Church of England whom she 
had accused of immorality. This 
was disgraceful and unmerited. 

She has been weeping croco- 
dile tears (he said) over the 
potential sufferings of the South 
African blacks when we have 
had not a murmur of complaint 
from her against their actual 
suffering over the past 30 years. 

■We have seen her (be contin- 
ued) with her eyes brimming 
with tears of compassion over 
the prospects of unemployment 
in the United Kingdom arising 
out of sanctions, though we now 
hear that at most 20,000 jobs 
might be lost if mandatory 
sanctions were introduced im- 
mediately, yet she herself has 
created two million un- 
employed by her own policies 
without batting an eyelid. 

She has not deceived anyone 
by this display of compassion 
because Mr Botha, the foreign 
minister, had said her policy 
was determined not by political 
or moral considerations, but by 
commercial considerations. 
Doubtless he was referring to 
the fact that nearly half of the 

sated ignorance from 

Mrs Thatcher had referred to 
the Rhodesian settlement by 
negotiation. But that settlement 
tom place only because she 
reversed the policy on which she 
was elected, under pressure 
from tbe Commonwealth, at a 
conference attended by the 

five, totally enforceable and 
have the least effect on the from 
line states, namely financial 

brave decisions were not taken 
to bring about change rapidly 
enough. The decisions to be 
taken would require great 

The European Council 
wanted dialogue rather than 
violence to achieve peaceful 
change. The Council recognized 
the importance of the work of 

.the Eminem Persons Group, a i fii 

Queen against Mrs Thatcher’s group which came into being, for not-overall 
firm advice. not because of the obduracy of Dfo not- overall dt 

Before his visit to South the Prime Minister, but because - - ~ 

his visit to 

Africa be bad believed that a 
gradual escalation of sanctions 
by steps was the best way 
forward, but since his visit he 
had changed his mind. Every 
single person he had spoken to 
in the black community inside 
and outside that country, as well 
as businessmen in the white 
community, who believed sanc- 
tions were necessary, believed 
that by for the best way would be 
comprehensive mandatory 
sanctions because that would 
bring the matter to a head faster. 

He agreed with Mr Malcolm 
Fraser that it was not a question 
of turning the screw gently but 
of a hard blow. 

Mr Denis Healey, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on foreign and 
Commonwealth affairs, opening 

Mrs Thatcher and other 
Commonwealth leaders were 
able to reach a common po- 

Because the European Coun- 
cil desired to renew the mo- 
mentum of the work of the EPG 
he was asked to undertake a 
fresh mission on behalf of 12 
European states. He did not 
underestimate the difficulty of 
that task. 

While in South Africa (he 
said) 1 shall seek also to meet a 
wide range of people of ail 
colours representing all opin- 
ions throughout South Africa. 

1 recognize there has been 
reluctance so for on tbe part of 
some South African leaders. 
Whether or not they agree with 

Mr Edward Heath (Old Bexley 
and Sidcup,C) said the situation 
was. confused and the Govern- 
ment had a great responsibility 
for thatThe Opposition was 
arguing for effective deterrents 
and the. Government was argu- 
all deterrents, 
deterrents ex- 
dude effective deterrents? 

It is this situation which is 
leading to a false situation (he 
said). It is giving the impression 
that tbe Government is with 
only the greatest reluctance 
considering the situation in 
South Africa or taking any 
action about it. 

Sir Geoffrey had to make 
plain, during his visit to South 




•■vSA <\bc ^ 

i? 8 ” 

Healey: Thatcher’s astonishing 
series of interviews 

the debate, said that the Prime 
Minister had already wrecked 
the Commonwealth Games and 
now risked wrecking the 
Commonwealth as wriL 

She had also created a 
constiluional crisis of mqjor 
dimensions which involved the 
Palace itself. Events had reached 
such a stage that, according to 
several newspapers, several of 
her own senior cabinet col- 
leagues had been warning the 
press of this constitutional crisis 
during the past 24 hours 

Mr Healey was moving an 
Opposition motion urging the 
Government to support the 
adoption of effective economic 
measures against Sooth Africa, 
recommended by tbe Eminent 
Persons Group, to exert 
pressure and promote the 
ing of apartheid. 

The motion said this was 
essential to prevent a bloodbath 
in South Africa with all the 
accompanying misery and 
political, social and economic 

Mr Healey said tbe Foreign 
Secretary bad never wanted to 
go on his mission to Africa. He 
had had an altercation with the 
Prime Minister as be was enter- 
ing the aircraft on tbe way to 
Harare. According to newspaper 
reports, the Prime Minister had 
said that if that was tbe. way he 
felt, perhaps he had better not go 
at all. 

If the Prime Minister was 
really determined on this mis- 
sion of appeasement (he said), 
why did she not follow the 
precedent set by Neville 
Chamberlain and go herself? 

After the Foreign Secretary 
had left, she drove nail after nail 
into the coffin of his mission 
with an astonishing series of 

Sir Geoffrey Howe moved a 
Government amendment 
reasserting Britain’s 

commitment to tbe 
Commonwealth and tbe goal of 
peaceful change in South Africa 
through negotiation and 
expressing the belief that general 
economic sanctions would not 
help to secure that objective. 

It noted that the Government 
was committed by the Nassau 
Accord and the declaration by 
the European Council at the 
Hague on June 27 1986 to 
consultations with the 
Commonwealth, Community 
and other allies on further 
measures which might be 
needed and welcomed the 
Foreign Secretary’s efforts as 
President of tbe Twelve to 
establish conditions in which 
negotiations could take place. 

He said that explicit recog- 
nition by the leaders of tbe 
South African Govenmment 
that apartheid must end was an 
important step in (he right 
direction. He understood tbe 
fears of some South Africans 
which acted as a constraint on 
change. But these fears were 
more likely to be fulfilled if 

at present, I 
lieve h is wise for 
them to withdraw their advice at 
this stage from the mission I am 
undertaking. I hope on reflec- 
tion they will be abte to accept 
the sincerity of the mission 1 am 
undertaking on behalf of the 

This Government more than 
any other British government 
had implemented folly and 
conscientiously with its Euro- 
pean partners a whole series of 
measures desioied to make 
dear its view of the imperative 
need to bring apartheid to an 

These measures affected eco- 
nomic, sporting and cultural 
relations between Britain and 
South Africa. They had been 
calculated not to threaten, not to 
destroy, but to encourage and to 
promote change — the need for 
which they were all agreed. 

Possible further measures to 
achieve that objective were not 
excluded. The Prime Minister 
had said Britain was not nego- 
tiating through weakness but in 
a way believed to have the best 
chance of success. That was 
precisely the same fashion in 
which he would conduct the 
mission entrusted to him. 

It was agreed that in the next 
three months tbe Community 
would enter into consultations 
with tbe other industrialized 
countries on further measures 
which might be needed. 

There was and is (he said) no 
concept of antomaticity about 
further measures but we have 
agreed to consider them. J am 
engaged in a mission to Sooth 
Africa, not to promote measures 
but to seek the changes, to seek 
the commitments to pro gr es s we 
all wish for on all sides of the 
House and every country in the 
EEC and Commonwealth. 

It must be recognized that I 
may not achieve these changes. 
If the mission does not procure 
tangible and substantial 
progress in South Africa I would 
regard agreement on some fur- 
ther measures as likely to be 

From Opposition speeches he 
took it to-be common ground 
that a policy of general eco- 
nomic sanctions would not be in 
the interests either of the British 
people or South Africa. 

Mr Ne3 Khmork. Leader of the 
Opposition, intervened to say 
that despite an undertaking, 
there had been no answer to the 
question of what would happen 
if the mission did not achieve its 

If it is the case (be said) that 
the absolute conditions of the 
unconditional release of Nelson 
Mandela and the validation of 
tbe ANC does not take place as a 
consequence of his first or 
second meeting with PW Botha, 
what then is he going to do? 

The words he used earlier of 
being prepared to consider fur- 
ther measures will not impress 
the Afrikaans, and least of all the 
rest of the world. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said it was 
beyond doubt both within the 
Community and in the 
Commonwealth that if the mis- 
sion did not procure substantial 
progres s then consideration 
would be given to further mea- 

Africa, that effective 
would be taken. 

We must get away from this 
confusion as to whether they are 
measures or sanctions (he 
saidLTbe purpose of them all is 
to change the South African 
Government, to its 


South Africa believed that 
when it came to the crunch, it 
would always get the support of 
the American administration 
and the British Government. It 
was firmly convinced of this, 
believing it could always use the 
communist threat as tbe argu- 
ment to handle Washington and 

The irony of this was that tbe 
more South Africa continued 
with its present policy, the more 
it drove the black population 
Into nwiinun irt hanrift- 

It was not true to say that 
sanctions bad no effect on 
Rhodesia. It had taken a very 
long time but it did have the 
effect of bringing Mr Smith to 

As a result of Mr Smith not 
being p rep ar ed to go so fir, he 
then had an internal crisis, fed 
firm inside. That would happen 
in South Africa. There would be 
the most ghastly bloodshed and 
the Government would be 
swept away. 

It was possible to act on tbe 
banks in South Africa, to agree 
about withdrawal of consular 
representation and to act on the 
airlines. It might be that one 
would have to give notice to 
caned airline arrangements, but 
if this took time it would be 
hanging over South Africa, 

Agriculture was probably a 
good pUce to start. Action on 
industrial goods would be more 
difficult to handle. But these 
things most be done in conjunc- 
tion with the United States, the 
Community and Japan. 

He was worried that Congress 
would use its powers and that 
the President would be forced to 
go alow with it, and Britain 
would find herself isolated un- 
less they were prepared to take 
further action. 

He did not see how full 
sanctions would be possible 
without a blockade because of 

Howe: Further measures 
are not excluded 

the need for enforcement; that 
must be recognized at the start. 

These were measures which 
one was Joth to take, but cme bad 
to balance the pros and cons. 

This was a grave situation 
moving with rapidity. He called 
for unity in the country about 
what to do to deal with the 

the basis 
he had 

of the 

sures on 

My mission is not an easy one 
(he said) but it is a way that does 
have a chance and with the 
support of this House I shall 
continue to strive for tbe success 
of that mission. 

Dame Judith Hart (Clydesdale, 
Lab) said she was distressed that 
the debate was not devoted to 
consideration of what was likely 
to be foster acting, most effec- 

Mr Alan Beith (Berwick upon 
Tweed. L) said the Foreign 
Secretary’s speech bad 
contained so many obeisances 
and deferences to tbe Prime 
Minister. He increasingly gave 
tite impression that he carried 
no authority with him, no more 
authority than a Queen's 
Messenger carrying Foreign 
Office bags from capital to 
capital or the cabin crew 
pouring tbe drinks on the 
plane.This was ludicrous and 
humiliating for him. 

Tbe Opposilit 
rejected by 319 

mon motion was 
votes to 204 — 
Government majority, 1 1 5, and 
the Government amendment 
agreed to. 

King defends role of RUC 
in determining routes 

of Protestant marches 


Operational decisions of tbe 
RUC on the routing of marches 
were entirely a matter for tbe 
Chief Constable of Northern 
Ireland, Mr Tom King, tbe 
Secretary of State for Northern 
Ireland, said in a statement 
about complaints by Mr Peter 
Barry, Foreign Minister of the 
Irish Republic, to Mr King that 
the RUC had allowed loyalist 
marches through Roman Catho- 
lic areas at the weekend. 

Mr King expressed his sup- 
port for the way in which the 
RUC sought to deal even- 
handedly with both commu- 
nities and to protect law-abiding 
people from violence from 
whatever quarter it came. 

He was replying to a private 
notice question from Mr Ian 
Cow (Eastbourne, C), who 
warned that the complaints 
made by Mr Bany were only a 
precursor of- further serious 
disagreement between London 
and Dublin as a result of the 
signing of tbe Anglo-Irish agree- 

Mr Govt He has quite rightly 
made it dear that responsibility 
for operational matters of tire 
RUC are not a matter for him 
but are a matter for the chief 
constable. Win he make it 
doubly dear that there is no 
respoosbility whatever enjoyed 
by the Foreign Minister of the 
Irish Republic for operational 
matters which foil within the 
resgonsbiiity of the chief con- 

Wiii be remind the Foreign 
Minister of the Irish Republic of 
the provisions of tbe Anglo-Irish 
agreement that the conference 
has no responsibility for opera- 
tional matters? 

Mr King: While there are at this 
time ot year, in tbe marching 
season, great tensions in North- 
ern Ireland, at the same time h is 
the widespread view, held on 
both sides of the community, 
that die violence that took place, 
while regrettable, was very 
much less than it might well 
have been and was predicted to 
be. A lot of that had to do with 
successful and wise policing 

Mr Enoch Pmrefl (South Down, 
OUP): Contrary to tbe state- 
ments of the Government, tbe 
Government of the Irish Repub- . 
lie is under the impression that 
the Anglo-Irish agreement has 
given it a voice in the internal 
administration of a part of the 
United Kingdom. What steps 
does the Government intend to 
take to correct that impression? 
Mr King: The Irish Govern- 
ment has always been concerned 
about issues affecting the 
nationalist community in 
Northern Ireland and has made 
representations over the years 
about different aspects that have 
given rise to concern. I think we 

should recognize that has been 
the practice in tbe pastas welL 
Mr Julian Amoy (Bngntop. 
Pavilion, Cy Has he consKtaed 
the article written by his Min- 
ister of State in which be argues 
the ca y against integration, that 
this would be contrary to the 

Anglo-Irish agreement? Could 

there be a clearer admission that 
we have surrendered an element 
of sovereignty to tbe Republic 
andean he be surprised that the 

Irish Foreign Minister has taken 
the action that be has? 

Mr King: I note his comments. 
It is the Government’s policy to 
to pursue an agreed basts 
for devolved government in 
Northern Ireland- M ^ 

Mir Patrick Duffy (Sheffield, 
Attercliffe, Lab): When provoc- 
ative Orange marches are prop- 
erty routed and when nationalist 
and Catholic homes are prop- 
erty protected against murder- 
ous thugs, then there will be no 
need for Mr Peter Barry to make 
the representations he has made 
nor in the manner he marie 
them. . . 

Mr King: There are difficulties, 
particularly ax the time of the 
marching season and particu- 
larly at the tim e of tbe twelfth. I 
hope be will accept front me my 
confidence that everything pos- 
sible was done and will be done 
to protect law-abiding citizens 
on both sides of tbe community 
from violence and intimidation 
of the kind we have seen. 
Certainly we shall be deter- 
mined to see every effort to 
bring those responsible to jus- 

marches. It was always a diffi- 
cult time. • . 

Mr Tam DalyeD (Linlithgow, 
Lab) asked if there had been any 
consultation by Mr Bany before 
the statement had-been made: 
Mr King said there had not. Tbe 
Irish Republic had always ex- 
pressed concern about the dan- 
gers to which the nationalist 
community might be 
Sir EUon Griffiths (Bury Si 

Edmunds. < 

Is. C) said Mr 
made a public statement about 
what should happen in English 
■ territory. How dare he? . 

Mr King said be understood 'the 
concerns of the Irish Govern-' 
meat which it had always 
expressed about the nationalist 
community. It was to be hoped 
that each community 1 would 
respect the traditions of the 

Mr Dak GmrpbeR-Savonrs 
(Workington. Lab): Is this not 
making a mountain out of a 

Mr said that would be for 
the House to judge. Tbe Gov- 
ernment was determined to see 



?• / '• 

h; : ■ 

rt '■ -V. • 

Geoffrey Sm 

proper appreciation was- given 
to the RUC forth! 

Sir John Biggs-Darisoa flipping 
Forest, C) said the RUC de- 
served the highest praise for 
their work under the strain 

the vital work it 

did in the service of. law and 

Mr Michael Meadowcroft 
(Leeds West, L) said the re- 
marks by. Mr Barry had been 
misconceived and counter- 
productive. Tbe House should 
support the RUC in potidngtiie 
Anglo-Irish agreement. 

Mr King said it was not 
question of policing the agree- 
ment, but the preservation of 
law and older and tbe repudi- 
ation of violence from whatever 
quarter. The RUC was totally 
committed to that policy. 

Mr Stuart Bell, an Opposition 
spokesman on Northern Ire- 
land, said the agreement had 

provided a consultative frame- 
work whereby the Irish Govern- 
ment could - make 
representations to die United 
Kingdom Government on be- 
half of tbe nationalist commu- 
nity in the North to prevent ad 
hoc statements from Dublin 
that in the past had been 
unhelpful to Anglo-Irish rela- 

There was anger behind tbe 

Mr Mr fcnjJ iwjj®* 
against the RUCS ha ndlin g of 
the Portadown marches nay. ; - 
well signal tbe end of-vthe. . 
Anglo-Irish agreement a* «i l 
effective instrument of policy V- 
in Northern Ireland. - -r 
' The public rewonse &w 
Mr Tom JOng. as Secretory tf.;. 
State for Northern Ireland,^ 
has been restrained, bit. ft ;.- 
would be surprising if the ~ 
British Government were wot 3 . 
privately ' angry at- the Irish j 
Foreign Minister's remarks. 

Mr Barry has done what > 
would be regarded as improper . 
for any British minister to do j.; 
In any part of the United^ 

Kingdom. He ;has subjected V 
the poficeto politica l a ba s e fat 

their operational decisions. It r- 

is not even for critkdsm. '-The ^ 
police exercised their judges . 
mentis very, trying conditions- - 
in a way that at least avoided *- 
the danger. rof much 
serious bloodshed. . 

Has Mir Barry 
how recently: the RUC. and 
their famili es were being at-,, 
tacked by Protestant extra*- ^ 
ists for the manner m which - 
policing was beiox conducted * 
in the province?. - 

He has done someddng j 
more damaging tinurinflkt a 
temporary affront upon the " 
British Government. He has ~ 
inflamed Protestant opinion, 7 
deepened Protestant , swpi- - 
cions over the agreement and * 
exposed some of the inherent ; 
weaknesses 1 in - that ' 
arrangement ' 




ijl't" ■_ ■- 



*v. ■ 



Public fai 
i (the Soi 

JJ, fel.’pf*" " 


statement* by toTlrish foreign I witilOUt pOWCT 
minister that innocent people I «» 

Gem Operational matters 
for chief constable 

could be attacked and .injured. 
But violence could not and 
would not see the. Anglo-Irish 
reement tom up and the 

If bis conduct, were ; 

inexplkable it would be less 

House would not succumb to 
inordinate and extreme pres- 

serious. There are ministers in 

placed upon them since tbe 
signing of the Anglo-Irish 
agreement. ^ • 

Was h not claimed for tbe 
agreement that such interfering 
megaphone diplomacy would be 
obviated by the existence of the 
agreement. It should be can- 
celled as another example of its 
futility and allowed to wither. 
Mr Eng said tbe RUC bad been 
working under the same sort of 
strain last year at the time of tbe 


Those in positions of in- 
fluence should make that clear 
while feelings ran high in the 
streets of Northern Ireland. 

Mr King said feelings might ran 
high in some but not all streets. 
One - of the messages : of the 
previous weekend had been that 
the majority of people in the 
province wanted to see civilized 
behaviour between the 

Government keeping open 
mind on bus division 


The Government was keeping 
an open mind about tbe possible 
privatization of British Ley land. 
Bus and was anxious that the 
situation should be resolved as 
soon as possible, Mr Peter 
Morrison, Minister of State for 
Trade and Industry, said in tbe 

During question lime ex- 
changes, he gave an assurance 

that officials ui his department 
were not being unduly pressed 
by the Laird Group chin exec- 
utive over tbe future of Ley land 

Mr Dale Campbell-Savoars 
(Workington, Lab) asked him to 
reject the proposition that the 
department officials were 
manoeuvring the bids for Ley- 
land Bus in favour of Lairds. 

Mr Morrison said he hoped that 
Mr Campbell-Savours had suf- 
ficiem respect for him and for 

die Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry (Mr Paul 
Chan non) to realize that they 
were men who made up their 
own minds. 

Mr John Taylor (Solihull, Lab) 
had earlier asked about the 
implications for securing early 
privatization of Land-Rover of 
its £50 million contract to 
supply tbe Australian Army 
with military vehicles. 

Mr Morrison: Hie Government 
is delighted that Land-Rover 
has won this contract Plans for 
the future remain as outlined on 
April 24. 

Mr Taylor said that after a 
period of consolidation, the 
prospect would be there for 
privatization by offer to British 

Mr Stanley Thorne (Preston, 
Lab): Is he able to say what the 
present position is over British 
Leyland Bus? 

Mr Morrison: No, I am not. Tbe 
matter is being looked at by the 
RoverGroup and we have yet to 

receive a recommendation. 

Mr John Evans, an Opposition 
spokesman on employment: ft 
would be more intelligent to 
allow British Leyland to get on 
with its work and stop talking of ; 
privatization and allow the 
company to concentrate on 
being a very good British com- 
pany doing wonders for the 
British workforce and British 

Mr Morrison: He would take 
that point of view. He would 
have taken it about Jaguar when 
it was returned to the private 
sector yet they have done 
outstandingly welL 
Mr Morrison later told Mr 
Robert Warning (Liverpool 
West Derby, Lab), who asked 
about the rights of trade unioo- 
did not warn privauza- 
point, too, bad 

fairly and 

ists who 
tion. that this 
been put to 
Bui we are selling it if the right 
bidder at the right price arises 
(be said). 

every government who occa- 
sionally act in unfathomable > 
fashion. Other governments ^ 
are woe to take soch . 
abberations in their stride, hot;/, 
it is not In fact tirffiraft to 
understand what Mr Bany . 
has been op to. < 

The Anglo-Irish agreement J: 
confers apon Irish oUstos ■ 
nrt pQvw without responsIMl- ’ 
ity- in - Baldwin’s: biting - 
phrase, the prerogative of the " 
harlot down the ages - hut „ 
responsibility without power. -» 
Under the terms of the agree- ~ 
ment they do not have the right 
to determine policy in North- * 
era Ireland, bat because they 
to be awaited, .* 
are therefore _ 
expected to exercise inflaence, * 
they are liable to be held to 
account for what is derided. 

If their influence is too 
evident the Protestants com- 
plain that they are taking over . 
tbe province; bnt if they toflto . 
prevent derisions drat. are '. - 
displeasing to the Boaan 
Catholics, they axe thoaght foj 
have let down their own stde. ~- 
A strong government might.:: 
be able to ride out these * 
pressures, but after the loss of 
tiie divorce rtfexgndmn, Dr •• 
Garret Fitzgerald’s adminis- T 
nation has looked nncoinfiit- 
abfy dose to a government ob'C 
the run. it could not afford to i 
look ineffective in Northern ^ 
Ireland as wen as ra the-; 
republic. * 










10-year jail sentence for riot 


The Government has decided, 
in the light of a recent judgment 
in the court of appeal and views 
expressed in Parliament, that 10 
years imprisonment and not a 
life sentence, as proposed in tbe 
Public Order Bill, should be the 
maximum sentence for riot. 
Lord Clenarthnr. Under Sec- 

retary of State. Home Office, 
announced in the House of 

He accepted, during the 
committee stage of the Bill, an 
amendment by Lord Efwyn- 
Jones to make the maximum 
sentence not more than 10 

Lord Bwyn-Jooes, a former 
Lord Chancellor, said riot was 
not so serious an offence that it 
should attract a penalty of life 
imprisonment. This was re- 

served as a penalty for the 
gravest offences - for murder ot 
for the most serious offences 
against person or property. 

Lord Renton (C) said that in 
view of some of the ugly riots in 
recent years there would be 
occasional case where 
imprisonment might 

Lady Madeod of Borre (Q said 
it was unfair to inhibit the right 
of judges in their sentencing. 

So Mr Barry felt impelled ftT* 
demonstrate in the- most dra- -^ 
made possible fashion tlmf he ■' 
has not acquiesced in the ' 
policing strategy over tite , 
marches. However in poblkiz- ■ 

ino Hie wM A m k. V.— hux. j* 




Court ban on MI5 memoirs 
‘threat to freedom of press’ 

Important issues concern- 
ing the freedom of the press 
were raised by the ban im- 
posed on The Guardian and 
The Observer newspapers on 
publishing any information 
received from Mr Peter 
Wright the former MI5 man. 

The anxiety of the newspa- 
pers was that it would set a 
precedent. Mr Anthony Les- 
ter. QC, counsel for the news- 
papers, told the Court of 
Appeal yesterday. 

! If the Government could 
succeed in suppressing infor- 
mation in the circumstances 
of the present case, it could do 
so in other cases, “no matter 
how great the iniquity about 
the workings of government 
which it were sought to cover 
up. whether a Watergate or a 

■ In the High Court on Fri- 
day. Mr Justice Millett, in 
imposing the ban. said that the 
security service, “must be seen 
to be leak proof’. 

He granted the Attorney 

both newspapers, restraining 
them from disclosing or pub- 
lishing any information ob- 
tained by Mr Wright while he 
was a member of the security 
service, or which they know or 
believe to have come from 
him, whether directly or 

They were restrained from 
attributing any information 
concerning the security ser- 
vice to tom unless it had 
already appeared in published 
works or on television. 

They were also free to report 
Australian court proceedings 
being brought by the British 
Government against Mr 
Wright which begin in No- 
vember, and which seek to 
prevent ihe publication of his 

Mr Wright moved to Aus- 
tralia after retiring from the 
security service 10 years ago. 
His planned memoirs are said 
by the Government to contain 
“highly classified infor- 
mation” nf the “hiehpa 

Mr Lester said that the 
appeals raised “important is- 
sues of general importance 
about the right to freedom of 
expression, and the circum- 
stances and manner in which 
free expression may be re- 
strained in this democratic 
sociery for the necessary pro- 
tection of the confidentiality 
of information and the protec- 
tion of the interests of national 

He claimed that the judge 
departed from recognized 
principles, treating the case as 
if it concerned private parties 
and purely private rights and 

He said that if the judge 
were right, and that was the 
true state of English law, “it 
would be a novel and severe 
abridgement of the constitu- 
tional right to freedom of 

The appeal, before Sir John 
Donaldson, Master of the 
Rolls sitting with Lord Justice 
Mustill and Lord Justice 

j ■■ 

The Princess of Wales, patron of 
die Pre-school Playgroups As- 
sociation and Help the Aged, at 
a luncheon in Toidim ves® 

ruling on 

Two social workers yester- 
day won an important pension 
rights ruling in the Court of 
Appeal for employees who 
stay away from work in sup- 
port of striking colleagues. 

Lords Justices O’Connor 
and Gibson, with Sir Denys 
Buckley, ruled that a day off 
taken by Mr John Povey and 
Miss Lois Stephens, social 
workers with Dudley Borough 
Council, West Midlands, in 
June 1982 in support of 
strikers from another union, 
still counted under the 1972 
Superannuation Act for pen- 
sion accumulation purposes 

The social workers, mem- 
bers of NaJgo. had been rec- 
ommended by the union to 
show support for a strike 

That had been held to mean 
that, in law. they were not 
involved in the dispute at the 
time. In the High Court Mr 
justice Hodgson had upheld 


ing his criticism he ton inev- 
itably outraged the 
Protestants. c 

The strength of fiefii^ is. 
shown by the vigorous state- 
ment from John Coshnihsa 
t he l eader of the Alliance 
Party In the province, - which ' 
complains of the “crass 
stupidity” of Mr Barry ’site-. 


r-.V;, ; “ 


N cr— T 


i ■ Ci 


‘Judgement of Paris’ 
figures are reunited 

[ marks utd maintains that they 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 
Four sculptures which were near Rotherham in Yorkshire. 

arranged in the home in 
Grosvenor Square of Lord 
Rockingham in the eighteenth 
century to depict the mytho- 
logical beauty contest known 
as “The Judgement of Paris’* 
have been acquired by a single 
unnamed buyer. 

It appears that he intends to 
reconstruct the grouping. He 
bought three of the pieces at 
Tuesday’s sculpture sale and 
yesterday added the crucial 
figure of Paris himself, which 
was included in a sale of 
antiquities. The figure, part 

Roman, part eighteenth cemu- 
£34,560 (estimate 

ry cost him 

The sculptures had descend- 
ed in the family and were sent 
for sale by the trustees of the’ 

Fitzwiliiam Settlement They 
had spent most of the inter- 
vening 200 years at the 
FItzwiKiams's vast country 

The house was built by Lord 
Rockingham’s father and . 
passed at his death to Lord 

Paris, a shepherd boy, was 
given the responsibility of 
passing an apple to the most 
beautiful of three goddesses, 
Venus, Minerva mid Juno. 
Lord Rockingham commis- 
sioned sculptures of these 
three from Joseph Nollekens, 
a rare departure for a sculptor 
famed for his portrait busts. In 
T uesday’s sale ’ Venus 
unloosing her sandal .cost 
£113,800, Juno unwrapping 
her robe £1 13.400 and Miner- 
va lifting her helmet £108,000. 

will increase teosioa there. . __ 
Cush na ban’s langnage is* all .i 
the more significant coating^ 
from the leader of a party ■ • 
which has op to now token; a ^ 
pragm at ic tine on the Anglo- , 
Irish agreement ■ 

Mr Bany most also have ^ 
appeared to confirm one of the 
deepest Protestant suspicions 5 
about tbe agreement that ft*, 
has given the Irish government , 
the right of -joint, control over 
security policy in the north."* 
Why else, it« asked, shoeM:i : 
the police chiefs from the - 
north and sooth sit around the- 
conference table with the 
politicians? < T. 

I do nor believe that this " 

| accusation is correct Imbeds 
ff it. were the Irish Foreign^ 
Minister would not-hsive hndV 
to resort to such a T public, ~- 
protest; hot the trouble frith s 
theogreemeat is theextentto- 
which it has encouraged ratiter , 
than allayed suspicions. 

I am not 

W; - ULV -r.rv/' , ,1UI 

^a$tic be 


off shi 

IftRfca ns. 


" r 

Hs? » w 6!ra 


\ *as 


Research by Dr Nicholas; 
Penny of the Ashmolean Mu- 
seum, Oxford, in the Went 
worth Wood ho use archive 
disclosed that the three figures 

I inn ; 

will now 

still less that ' ft would 

uadatit, j ft* 

••• ; 

. ' In.. I tad 

Statesmanlike to fan animosty^ ' 

syo**.-:-: • - l U tr ik. - 

between London and Dnbtih; 
hut It looks p rog re ssiv e ly more, 
anlikely But- tbe- wotfoKr 

'aI l «a ' - i * '*■ 


■,:V £5ft3S 

■‘•- jr. J s ^fi«a5 , fc 

! S£»*s5lfe 

[ a - *3'. 


i ■■•;=■■ 

i "••' i^> .. 


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- l '-r.' 

... ,i^. 

.- ;.. ri' 


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J ■ b 

-}* .v 

■’. -i- 



. ■.'*“" .j£'. 

■ «•>' 4 
„ .,.?* 
j: l V’ 

' . i> ’ -i 

Gatwick flight 

delays to rise 

as terminal 
is postponed 

By Michael Bafly, 

TJ® J opening of the much- 
needed second terminal at 
Gatwick airport, Britain's sec- 
ond-busiest, has been post- 
poned until 1988 because of 

The £200 million north ter- 
minal had been due to open 
next spring. 

Passengers already faring 
severe congestion, particularly 
on Fridays and Saturdays, 
with long queues at morning 
and evening peak hours from 
June to September, may have 
still longer waits, and flights 
may have to be diverted to 
Stansted. Gatwick is London's 
fastest growing airport and is 
expected to take another two 
million passengers a year be- 
fore the new terminal opens. 

Passengers last year, at 
15.4 million, were a million 
upon 1984. 

The north terminal was 
intended to increase capacity 
by nine million to 25 million 
passengers a year. 

However spending on it 
coincided with the start of 
work on a new terminal at 
Stansted. costing £295 mil- 
lion; and. at Heathrow Air- 
port work costing £90 million 
on terminal three; and com- 
pletion of the £200 million 
terminal four. 

The Britiah Airports Au- 

Transport Editor 

The authority which is to be 
sold off for about £500 million 
under the Government's pri- 
vatization programme next 
year, added: “We can just 
about squeeze another million 
through the existing terminal, 
with increasing discomfort to 
passengers, but beyond that it 
looks as if passengers and 
flights will simply have to be 
turned away." 

• Air UK, Stansted airport's 
chief scheduled airline, is to 
introduce six new routes from 
the airport in the next four 
years, adding flights to desti- 
nations in West Germany, 
Switzerland. Italy and Den- 
mark to the present services to 
Amsterdam, Paris and 

The airline, which was 
formed in 1980 as part of the 
British and Commonwealth 
Shipping Company, uses other 
British airports, but expects to 
be carrying a quarter of a 
million passengers a year from 
Stansted by 1 990. At present it 
has a fleet of 20 aircraft The 
airline hopes to run twice- 
daily flights to Frankfurt, and 
one flight a day to Dusseldorf. 
from next year, and begin 
services to Zurich and Geneva 
1988, with another to 


- 7^ . £ -'« vv 

) r . :;W Hi 

» ... 7 3r *i& 
i - ‘ 

thority said yesterday that the 

spending limit of £15 million 
imposed by the Government 
for the present year was 
“lighter than we expected". 

Copenhagen in 1989, and to 
Milan in 1 990, a year before 
the new terminal at Stansted is 
expected to open. However it 
says that flying rights still have 
to be negotiated for some of 

Public favours housing 
in the South, poll says 

By Christopher Warman, Property Correspondent 

Criticism of new housing 
development in the South-east 
by the main political parties, 
was not a potential vote 
winner, according to a MORI 
opinion poll published yester- 

The survey indicates that 
the two issues of development 
of land for new housing and 
conservation, are not concerns 
of the voting public 

Only 1 1 per cent of respon- 
dents cited conservation of the 
countryside as an -issue which 
might afreet their voting hab- 
its at a general election. 

The poll, for the House- 
Builders Federation, showed 
that 87 per cent of respondents 
in the South-east believed that 
Britain needed more houses. 
A majority of the 1, 100 people 
asked said they were in favour 
of new housebuilding in their 
area — 55 per cent compared 
with 22 per cent against 

Where new housebuilding 
had already taken place, 44 
per cent regarded it as fairly, 
or very beneficial to their area, 
while 41 per cent thought it 
had had no effect or had no 
opinion. Only 15 per cent 
believed it had a detrimental 

However, 83 per cent of the 
respondents said they valued 
the Green Belt- 

Mr Roger Humber, director 
of the House-Builders Federa- 
tion, said: “Politicians, listen- 
ing to the siren voices of the 
conservationists, have per- 
ceived attacks on new housing 
developments to be election 
winners and have been green- 
ing their policies. Bui this 
survey shows that they have 
been wasting their time. 

“People want more new 
houses in the South-east and 
they want a decent 




the Daily Telegraph was 
not obliged to print all of a 
dissenting letter from the 
Black Parents Association, 
which was considerably longer 
than its original article, the 
Press Council said today. 

Mrs Greta Akpeneye, of 
Camberwell Green, south-east 
London, complained that the 
paper published misleading 
articles about the organization 
and declined to publish its full 
reply or a summarized ver- 


» three-paragraph addi- 
tion to a story about Brixton, 
the newspaper had reported 
that the Black Parents Associ- 
ation had emerged as another 
organization involved in stir- 
ring up feelings. 

The paper later reported a 
protest from the organization 
which it described as an 
extreme left pressure group- 

rules for 

New burial procedures will 
be used at cemeteries in a 
South Wales town after a year- 
long inquiry into a shallow 
graves scandal. 

The inquiry was launched 
after relatives discovered 
some coffins were buried just 
inches below the surface at 
Ceftt Coed cemetery, near 
Merthyr Tydfil, Mid 

Merthyr Borough Council 
announced yesterday that they 
will pay for remedial action 
and cover the cost of any more 
exhumations or work to make 
existing plots deeper. 

The council's panel of in- 
quiry report said machinery 
had been used improperly to 
open plots for burials, coffins 
were buried too shallow and 
inaccurate cemetery records 
had been kept 

Plastic bullets ‘could 

set off shooting war 

cmiih Xi Wesson 

Army. Smith & Wesson re- 
volvers. Magnums, a Sterling 
sub-machine-gun, and dozens 
“ * — ins. 

By Peter Evans, Home 
AJ&irs Correspondent 

nota'S! srt" department of 



accordingto research donefor 

the TbB^ television pro- 

ihere are in the area, but 
15.531 people living m the 
West Midlands have shotgun 

Mr Geoffrey Dear.chief 
constable of West Midlands 
Police, is asked in tfie PJ 
gramme how seriously he 
Ses the possibility ofan 
armed raponw- Mr Dear 
replies: “There could be. . 

Commenting on talk m 

me ddc - , -‘lu, 

old saymg -ihaiyou tavera 
fight fire with fire - He was 

noliceused e pStic bullets that c om menting on uu* «» 
neonle who had guns in d* e Handswonh that the response 

cCmuniry woull be ustn S to plasnc bclto wod be 

lh ^e ,0 p^mt cortObo- J «“ 1 

rates evidence from Bnxiom hope , t was loose talk, 
reported in The Twin ***£ He ^ -] do not rally 
day. that the use of P“£. think there is a guerrilla army 
bullets' would encourage no -j- g 10 come into action if 
ere to use guns, A paper [or ^ bullets.; But 

Brixton’s Comm unity /Pol lhere was still the nsk of some 

Consultative Group sa.d rtuw of ^lat.on- 
was no shortage of megany He w0U id war 
held guns in Bnxton. 

He would want to explore 
“id guns in Brixton. .. lhe 0 pu'ons before using 

wltpons seUed orhandrf °L,ic bullets. He woud^m 

in over the years, by the West P knovV lhal eitfier life had 
Midlands police include nfles or there was a 

w ith telescopic sights, nfl chance of life being 

rapid rel^d ^cuoman pmss ^ , aking tha t 
automatic Kalashniko^ ^ 







By John Good body 
Sports News Reporter 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher's 
enthusiasm for combating 
football hooliganism with na- 
tional identity cards appears 
to have waned because crowds 
at League grounds in the past 
year have behaved better, with 
arrests down by 50 per cent. 

However the Prime Minis- 
ter emphasized the need for 
vigilance iftfce improvement is 
to be maintained, after a one- 
and-a-q uarter-hour meeting at 
Downing Street yesterday with 
ministers and footbal^ 

Mr Ted Croker. secretary of 
the Football Association, said 
that further pressure would be 
pot on dabs to extend their 
membership card scheme, but 
added: “The Prime Minister 
did not put unreasonable pres- 
sure on qs because of what 
happened last season. 4 * The 
League's dobs have fiercely 
opposed a national scheme 
because it would eliminate 
casual supporters and so 
greatly reduce attendances. 

The Prime Minister had 
originally proposed a scheme 
of identity cards for spectators 
after crowd trouble last year at 
Birmingham, Luton and Chel- 
sea, and last May's European 
Cup Final disaster in Brussels 
where 39 supporters died. 

Mis Thatcher yesterday de- 
scribed the fans at the World 
Cop in Mexico as “superb". 

slow for 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Corresponds 

Progress in providing belter 
services for mentally handi- 
capped people in Britain has 
been “disappointingly slow", 
partly through a lack of politi- 
cal will according 10 a report 
published yesterday. 

The number of people in 
National Health Service men- 
tal handicap hospitals has 
(alien by a third in the past 15 
years, with an 80 per cent 
drop in the number of chil- 
dren in such units. 

But the report said that a 
further 50 per cent of all 
patients could leave hospital 
and live lit more suitable 
homes or hostels if more 
resources were available. 

The report, by Mencap, the 
Royal Society for Menially 
Handicapped Children and 
Adults and the Office of 
Health Economics, coincides 
with the charity's fortieth 
anniversary and Queen Eliza- 
beth the Queen Mother's 
twenty-fifth year as patron 

Last night the Queen Moth- 
guest of h 

er was guest of honour 3t a 
Mencap reception at St 
James's Palace, London, at- 
tended by the Prime Minister, 
Mr Neil Kinnock and Mr 
David Steel. 

Mental Handicap: Partner- 
ship in the Community? by Jean 

Mrs Thatcher after yesterday's meeting with football officials (Photograph: Dod Miller). 

Taytorand David Tay|or(OHE- 

Mencap. 12 Whitehall. London 
SWl A 2DY; £1.50). 

and sister 
die after 
house fire 

By a Staft Reporter 

Two young brothers and - 
their sister, aged 11 months, 
died yesterday after fire swept '■ 
through a bedroom in a terrace «•- 
bouse in Neath Hill, Milton ! 
Keynes, Buckinghamshire. 7 

Two Milton Keynes police 
officers and neighbours 
formed a chain to rescue two of ~ - 
the children trapped by the 
fire which broke out in an : ;' 
upstairs bedroom at about '■ 
7am, but they were beaten * 
back by the beat and smoke. , 

Fire crews, who arrived at -■« 
the scene shortly afterwards, j - 
were able to reach two other “ 
children who were still trapped .. 
upstairs, and one of the resen- .. 
ers. Police Constable Peter J 
Hyatt, who had collapsed from . 
smoke Inhalation. 

The four children and their 
mother. Mrs Jacqueline : 
Too hey, were taken to Milton ' 
Keynes General Hospital but .. . 
Ben Toohey, aged three, his 
brother, Lee, aged seven, and _ 
his sister, Kayleigb , aged 11 
months, died soon after': 


Their mother suffered shock - 
and smoke inhalation but was ' ■ 
not seriously hint. 

The hospital spokesman' . 
said the fourth child, Jody ■ ' 
Toohey, aged two, was in a - 
stable condition in the in ten- * 
sive care ward. 

The police do not suspect _ 
fotd play. 


For the price of twelve 11b packets of 
peanuts each week, you could treat 
yourself to one 1,2901b can 

Put another way, buy a new Citroen 
2CV Special during June, July or 
August and its yours for just <£19.74* 
a week. 

What do you get for such precious 
little money? 

Precious little, actually. 

Teething troubles were ironed 

CITROlN 2CV ) °L“' y5 

A Citroen 2CV still meanders from 
A to B with a bare minimum of moving 
parts. (So there’s less to go wrong.) 

And still does so on the bare mim- 















customer Saving compared to a 



(No-one% ever got a lull set of 
tumblers at the pumps with our frugal 
litde runabout) 

For details of this and other nutty 
offers dial 100 and ask for Freefone 
Citroen, or write to Freepost Citroen 
at the address below. 

Alternatively, drop in on 
nearest dealer. 

. And hurry. 

It’s not everyday you 
get a chance to shell out 
less for a Citroen 2CV. 


iym IIWMZ am* £ 

Whenever a Japanese fishing boat lands 
a tuna, its almost certainly thanks to British 

The radar that spotted the blighter in 
the first place will more than likely feature a 
microchip devised over here by Plessey 

Because even the Japanese 
would admit they’ve yet to beat 
us for a radar image free from 

(In plain English, a clearer 

A coals to Newcastle story 
if ever there was one. And there’s plenty 
more where that came from. 

The OK from Akai 

Our chips have found their way into 
everything from Japanese TVs to hairdryers. 

The Nippon Telephone and Telegraph 

company have just given the thumbs up to 
our latest switchboard system. 

Only last week, the mighty Akai placed a 
large order for a development of ours called 
the Data-slicer. 

It makes their video recorders the brain- 
iest on the market. 

The little marvel will actu- 
ally listenoutforanyprogramme 
running late and re-set its own 
recording time. 

The worlds our oyster 
Mind you, it isn’t only the 
Japanese who find themselves on the receiv- 
ing end of our know-how. 

Were currently packing off payphones to 
Mexico. A data system to Jamaica. One type 
of radar for the Danish Navy. Another for 
the Sultan of Oman’s Air Force. 

Not to mention the thousands of miles o 
fibre optic systems we are supplying t< 
countries all over the world. 

A bid for freedom : 

Quite simply Plessey have the technic 
logy to beat the worlds best at their owi 

Were advanced enough to go on leading 
the way in telecommunications, defence anc 
of course, micro-electronics. 

Indeed, we’ve already set out the strategic 
plans that will enable us to do so. : 

Only one thing can stand in our way 

The loss of independence. 

; As far as were concerned, only our rivals 
abroad could benefit from . that 

® PLESSEY s, . 

The height of high technology f : 


Rethink in Commonwealth as US shifts on sanctions 



Senate pressure forces 
Reagan to modify 
his policy on Pretoria 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

President Reagan is set to 
""■ :i modifications to his 

linveil uiuuixkumuii9 p 
battered “constructive en- 
gagement” policy towards 
South Africa, perhaps in about 
a week, in an attempt to 
placate a rapidly hardening 
mood in the Senate in favour 
of tough economic sanctions. 

The Administration is pri- 
vately urging leading senators 
to delay any sanctions vote at 
least until October to give 
lime to co-ordinate the new 
policy direction with Britain 
and other West European 

Tactics will be discussed in 
talks at the Slate Department 
today between Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary, 
and Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State. 

The reluctant policy reas- 
sessment seems to be the 
direct result of warnings by 
senior congressmen that a 
substantial majority of sena- 
tors now favour across-the- 
board punitive measures. A 
stiff sanctions Bill is . being 
considered in the Senate. 

The review is based on the 
central premise that the US 
should continue close involve- 
ment with South Africa in an 
attempt to persuade it to 
negotiate with the black 

In an important departure 




By Sheila Gunn 
Political Staff 

Strong backing for Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher's stand 
against full sanctions came 
from Chief Buthelezi, leader 
of 1.3 million South African 
. blacks, when he pleaded with 

the West to do nothing rather 

than give in to pressure for 
more.acdon against Pretoria. 

from present policy, the Ad- 
ministration may raise the 
possibility of future sanctions 
if Pretoria refuses to begin 
serious talks. 

A tentative Administration 
plan to name a black business- 
man as the next ambassador 
to Pretoria is seen here as a 
gesture to buy lime while 
policy options are examined. 

Administration officials say 
they are conducting a “com- 
prehensive review” of those 
options, but the review will be 
narrow because of President 
Reagan's staunch opposition 
to tough economic and diplo- 

agenda is already seriously 

overcrowded in the_ run-up to 

the November elections. 

The revised policy may be 
announced formally in a 
speech by President Reagan or 
it may be allowed to unfold 
when Mr Shultz testifies be- 
fore the Senate foreign rela- 
tions committee next Wed- 
nesday. . . . . . 

The Administration headed 
off demands for tough sanc- 
tions last year by imposing 
limited measures itselt, in- 
cluding restrictions on the 
export of certain computers to 
South Africa. 

But the pressure is once 

malic sanctions. ~ -~y 

Senator Richard Lugar, more bade. The Democrat- 
chairman of the Senate foreign controlled House ofReprescn- 
miatmnc committee, said a tatives has already approval 

- — a a lAfol tra/iA 


targe majority of the Senate 
wanted to “cast a vote to 
indicate their unhappiness" 
with Administration policy. 

Similar warnings were ech- 
oed yesterday by other senior 

Pro-sanctions senators are 
convinced that they have 
enough votes to overcome a 
filibuster on the floor by 
opponents of sanctions. 

But the chances that a 
sanctions Bill will become law 
are still remote. There are 
probably not enough votes to 
overcome a presidential veto. 
In any case, the legislative 

legislation for a total trade 
embargo and to force Ameri- 
can companies to withdraw 
their investments. 

A similar BUI has been 
sponsored in the Senate by 
Senator Edward Kennedy, a 
Democrat from Massachu- 
setts, and Senator Lowell 
Weieker, a Republican from 
Connecticut . 

Administration officials say 
they are determined to pre- 
vent Congress laying down 
policy towards South Africa. 
But they acknowledge that an 
anti-apartheid package could 
pass the Senate soon. 

i any case, uic ic 6 uiou»w — — — 

Malaysia decides 
to boycott Games 

From M. G. G. Pfllai, Koala Lumpur 

Malaysia yesterday with- 
drew from the Common- 
wealth Games, joining African 
countries to protest against 
what it terms as Britain's half- 
hearted response to tougher 
economic sanctions against 
South Africa. Datuk Rais Yat- 
im. the Information Minister, 
said Malaysia felt Britain did 
not give “sufficient recog- 

^7 more.action against Pretoria, „jjj on r to Commonwea 
In a message to the all-party and depth of feeling. 

'rZ. Commons foreign affairs com- n 0 other non-African coi 

organization once played. 
Kuala Lumpur has thrown in 
its lot fully with the Third 
World members of the 
Commonwealth and tends to 
follow their lead on big issues. 

The Malaysian view is con- 
sistent with Datuk Seri Maha- 
thir’s view that the Com- 
monwealth has “become a 
waste of time," and that Lon- 
don scaled down its interest 
when it joined the EEC 

Jews and depth of feeling . wtten it Jo™. 

— No other non-African court- Malaysia at one time ind^ai- 

mittee yesterday, he said if 1 «~_ I-tj — . :* «.ni wwmtt «i nnvate support for a move 

I1UVU1VI • mm- 

try has said yet it will boycott 
the Games. India will decide 
tomorrow. It could not be 
ascertained late last night 

sanctions worked the South 

African regime would retaliate 

with scorched-earth polices ^ogrtained late last night 

which Wouldmake any further w hat the position of Singapore 

.negotiations impossible. Brunei would be. 

“It is now being said that Malaysia has downgraded 

nothing more can be done by its interest in the Comment - nniicies to- — r_. . „ . 

wav of diplomatic pressure WRa i t i, once Datuk Sen South Africa s pouaes to- reached tomorrow. 

outside sanctions to bring the Mahathir Mohamed became wards P^^nooi£ Mr Mugabe «ui 

South African Government to p^me Minister in July 1981. relationship with Bn tarn con- ever decision was saaite; “we 

ivtoiaj^AH ” 

ed private support fora move 
by some African countries to 
expel Britain from the Com- 
monwealth, although nothing 
came out of it. 

Malaysia has been more 
vocal th an most non- African 
countries in its criticism of 
South Africa's policies to- 


From Jan Raath 


Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, 
has cautioned members of the 
Commonwealth against leav- 
ing the group in reprisal for 
Britain's refusal to impose 
comprehensive _ sanctions 
against Sooth Africa. _ 
Speaking yesterday m die 
House of Assembly, Mr 
Mugabe said: “Good as it 
migfet be for us to demonstrate 
that the best way of indicating 
our dissa tisfaction with Brit- 
ain is to quit the Common- 
wealth, that might also have 
its own effects." 

He asked: “If the Common- 
wealth were to disintegrate 
today, would that add weight 
to the pressures against South 
Africa, or would it diminish 
those pressures?" 

His statement followed re- 
peated threats by President 
Kannda of Zambia, the chair- 
man of the southern African 
front-line states, to withdraw 
his country from the Common- 
wealth if Britain m a int a i ned 
its refusal to impose sanctions. 

Early next month. President 
Kannda sits as chairman of tbe 
seven-person Commonwealth 
Committee to examine the 
report of the Eminent Persons’ 
Group, which in June conclud- 
ed that Pretoria showed no 
signs of beginning dialogue to 
dismantle apartheid. 

“Tbe views of quite a num- 
ber who have spoken to ns is 
that, if the Commonwealth 
were to go. Sooth Africa would 
be happy. But it (South A frica) 
is not (happy), and that source 
of pressure ... will have 
vanished," Mr Mugabe said. 

The Zimbabwean leader 
said the front-Une states need- 
ed to “sit down and examine 
the issue" at its summit here 


The dropping from the Brit- 
ish Commonwealth Games 
imiw of Zola Bndd and An- 
nette Cowley had “settled one 
issue", but there still remained 
Britain's “intransigence” over 
sanctions against Sonth 

He said Zimbabwe was still 
studying its position regarding 
its participation in the Games. 

He said he was also aware that 
India and the Caribbean states 

were awaiting the front-line 
slates' decision on the Games, 
which he hoped would be 
reached tomorrow. 

y / * \ m i _ n fhanriwi it 


Party of God casts shadow 
over Syrian security plan 

n t?!elr Rpimt 


fight at 


Bonn - Lebanese and Gha- 
naians, who are among the 
flood of refugees who have 
been pouring into West Ger- 
many via East Berlin in the 
last few weeks, brawled early 
yesterday in a refugee centre av 

lngelbeim in the Rhineland 
(Frank Johnson writes). 

At least three people were 
seriously injured when about 
100 refugees fought with 
knives and iron bars. 

The clash followed the 
death on Tuesday of a Ghana- 
ian man, aged 28, who was 
injured in a fight on Saturday 
between Ghanaians and Paki- 
stanis at another refugee cen- 
tre at Deggendorf in Bavaria. 

11 jailed for 

Ayacucho, Peru (Reuter) — 
A court here has sentenced 1 1 
police officers to between 10 
and 25 years' imprisonment 
foT killing 32 Indian peasants 
in a massacre on municipal 
election day in November 
1983. , L .. 

The ruling marked the first 
time in Peru's history of 
fighting left-wing insurgents 
that courts have convicted 
police of human rights 

It is a truth universally 
acknowledged — at least in 
Lebanon - that security plans 
fail. But perhaps it is still too 
early to claim this fate for 
Syria's latest military initia- 
tive in west Beirut. . 

Yesterday afternoon Syrian 
troops were searching cars on 
the seafront in front of the old 
Em Mreisse mosque with all 
the aplomb of film stars; 
indeed. Lebanese and Syrian 
television crews were filming 
their “peace-keeping" efforts. 

But up the airport road, 
next to the unfinished Shia 
mosque, a thin man with a 
closely cropped beard and 
dressed in ill-fitting Marine 
camouflage fatigues was or- 
dering foreigners to stop at the 
side of the road. Tbe truck 
beside him, surmounted by an 
anti-aircraft gun, bore the 
words Hezbollah (Party of 

So why were the extremist 
Shia Muslim militia control- 
ling this most important of 
highways when the Lebanese 
Army - supported, of course, 
the Syrians - were sup- 

lis senses. i . :7“: 

to adopt the point of view that 
if nothing more can be done, 
then so be it 

“If that is a dead end 
approach, then do what can be 
. done and start thinking about 
doing something entirely dii- 
ferent The West must get out 
of the frame of mind in which 

He did not attend the Com- 
monwealth heads of govern- 
ment meeting in Australia that 
year. Its foreign policy stands 
on building bridges with the 
poorer countries of Africa and 
Asia coincided with a corre- 
sponding downgrading of m- 
lerest in the Commonwealth. 
Malaysia feds that Britain s 

i ** ~ - - -- tko lorlr f\T 

of the frame ot mino in wuicu Malaysia 
it continually seeks punitive i ac k of interest, and the lack ot 
anMTict T>n»mria." interest of other white Co in- 

action against Pretoria. 

Chief ButheJezi’s evidence 
was in startling contrast to 
that given by other rep raen ta- 
tives of black South Africans 
who have appealed to the 
committee to use us influence 
on the Government to impose 
stringent sanctions. 

• Much of his 12-page, mes- 
sage was devoted to belittling 
the importance of the African 
National Congress m theeyes 
of the West, He accused the 
ANC of wanting a one-party 
state without free enterprise. 

: He added: “Black South 
Africans deeply appreciate 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher s co- 

StSTto non-vmlen^ 

and her support for tiie pon 
tics of negotiation m Souffi 
Africa. They appreciate 

destructive of ^ prospects of 
peaceful solutions. . . 


interest of other white Com - 
monwealth countries, has 
greatly reduced the role the 

HUUUlBini# — ... 

tinues, although the warmth 
of past ties “probably has 
disappeared forever" . said a 
former Malysian High Com- 
missioner to London. 

So yesterday’s Cabinet deci- 
sion to slay away from the 
Games was taken without too 
much soul-searching. The 
broad consensus to stay away 
was already there when the 
Cabinet met, with Kenya’s 
decision not to go the deciding 
factor, informed sources said. 

auy reauceu uic — — 

Kinnock makes plea to UN 

«h» R nval Commonwealth ! 

Mandatory comprehensive 
economic sanctions against 
South Africa should be im- 
posed by the United Nations 
Security Council, Mr Neu 
Kinnock, the Labour leader, 
said yesterday. 

Mr Kinnock, speaking at 

will try to sell that deasiun to 
the O AU”. ^ 4 

• BRUSSELS: A British 
Conservative member of the 
European Partiameut, _ in a 
letter to Mr Shndatn 
RamphaU the secretary-gener- 
al of the Commonwealth, said 
there was a limit to the amount 
of criticism Britons could take 
firom the Commonwealth, and 
many felt the 49-uation gn»P 
could “go to helP (AP 


Mr Andrew Pearce wrote to 
uivm w v/ii Mr Ramp hat, following the 
the Royal Commonwealth So- withdraw al of six Mti oB from 

cieiym London, said sane- the CommonwaWi Games 

by — -v— — 

posed to be in charge? 

It is a question that should 
not be asked on the airport 
road, that boulevard ofbroken 
palm trees, breeze-blocked ref- 
ugee bungalows and red earth 
which has discreetly witnessed 
more kidnappings than most 
streets in Beirut. 

a -w I,,.. frvr at. 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

ample, the Hezbollah, object- 
ing to the searches earned out 
by Lebanese troops on the 
road, opened fire on the 
soldiers, wounding two of 
them while sustaining two 
casualties of their own. A few 
hours later, an angry Hez- 
bollah statement accused “cer- 
tain elements" of the Leb- 
anese Army's Sixth Brigade of 
being “in league" with Chris- 
tian army units based near the 
President's Palace at Yarze. 

This was bad news. The 
Syrians had hoped, if some- 
what foriomly, that the 
Hezbollah had accepted their 
“security” plan and would 
leave the Lebanese Army 
alone. _ . _. - 

Brigadier-General Gnazi 
Kenaan, the head of Syrian 
military intelligence in Leba- 
non, has held many talks with 
Sbeikh Mohammad Hassan 
Fadlallah, the spiritual 
(though not actual) leader of 
the Hezbollah. Yesterday 
morning even the Soviet Am- 
bassador paid a call on the 

But opposition to the Syri- 
ans is clearly mounting. On 
Tuesday unidentified men 
fired two rocket-propelled gre- 
nades at tbe Beau Rivage 
Hotel in west Beirut where 
General Kenaan has estab- 
lished his headquarters. Then, 
a few hours later, a lieutenant- 
colonel in the Lebanese Army 
•«mi> blriviavnvH flMf 1 He HCIOU 

barracks, not far from the 
international airport, after 
gunmen in a BMW car inter- 
cepted him as he was driving 
to a bank. , ... 

General Kenaan has public- 
ly said that any attack on the 
Lebanese . Army is a blow 
against Syria itself, a warning 
he wishes others to take 

West Beirut is still a far safer 
place than it has been for 
many weeks — and it is the 
Syrians who are responsible 
for this new security - but, 
and it is not diched in Beirut, 
time is running out. 

• Saudi freed: Gunmen yes- 
terday seized and then freed a 
Saudi Arabian man in west 
Beirut’s first kidnapping since 
Syrian troops were deployed 
to keep order (Reuter reports). 

Sources dose to the kidnap 
victim said Mr Suleiman 
Mubarak had notified them 
that gunmen, who detained 
him Just before noon, had 
freed him after driving him 
around Beirut for 30 minutes. 

“After they asked him sev- 
eral questions, they apolo- 
gized and said there had been 
a misunderstanding,” the 
sources said. 

Security sources said gun- 
men intercepted Mr Muba- 
rak’s car in the smart 
residential area of Ain al- 
Tmeh, the site of embassies 
and the homes of senior 
government officials. 

Hassan rests 

Rabat (Reuter) - King 
Hassan of Morocco has been 
advised by his doctors to rest 
because of overwork and will 
postpone a visit to Washing- 
ton due to start on July 22. 

In the red 

Peking (Reuter) - Anin- 
siruments factory in China 
has announced it is bankrupt, 
the first since the Communists 
took power in 1949. 

New cardinal 

Vatican City (Reuter) - The 
Pope has named Father Hans 
Groer, aged 62, a Benedictine 
monk, to succeed Cardinal 
Franz Konig as .Archbishop of 

Vienna polls 

Vienna (Reuter) - Austrian 
general elections will be held 
on April 5, Herr Peter 
Schieder. general secretary of 
the Socialist Party, senior 
partner in the government 
coalition, said yesterday. 

Mubarak trip 

Rome (AP) - President 
Mubarak of Egypt met the 
Italian Prime Minister, Signor 
Bettino Craxi, and leading 
financial officials yesterday 
during the first stop on a 
European lour to seek support 
for his country’s economic 

cieiy in 
tions that stopped all torms ot 
economic collaboration with 
South Africa would send the 
strongest message by creating 
a situation that could not be 

doe to start in Edinburgh next 
week, saying Britain had “no 
need to take lessons from 
states where democracy and 
freedom of speech are hardly 

mr ■»!— — o — ^ 

TV crew filmed secret interviews 

By Mark Dowd 
The weeding-out of suspect- 
ed resistance activists and a 
regime of “controlled squat- 
ting" are singled out as the 
tune ana Juiy in u«= Government’s priorities. Sus- 

Ss£ 3 b. 2S fflWJABK 

In an undercover operation 
designed to beat government 
reporting restrictions, a Brit- 
ish television crew spent three 
weeks in June and July m the 

views vrere held ^thl^ 

of the underground rcsgaiice 
movement, the United Demo- 
cratic Front- . . 

One woman describes m the 
TV Eve programme, to oe 

rSSSrSi Shadow Fo^ ^^sriiowherson. 
Secretary, on hls T JfiJJ accllse d aged 15, was arrested, braten 
southern Africa. They arcusea aP fcen savaged by 

his hosts, iteSou* Aftican A Roma n Cstho- 

Council of piurches, of bias how every 

against the Zulus. 

Chief Buthelezi urged the 
, mei w Nelson Ma- 


lie priest relates how every 
activity is subject i° P°j“ 


ceremony and after it 
he is required to report to 


identifies comrades, the resis- 
tance members. 

Those who come through 
the trial have one palm 
stamped with the words 
“South African Police and 
the date. This indicates to the 
police that they are not 

The reporter, Mr Julian 
Manyon, says there is direct 
evidence that the Govern- 
ment is encouraging the more 
conservative black groups, 
such as the wiidoekes, in their 
attacks on the radical camps 
which house the comrades. 

A while doctor who works 
in the squatter camps on the 
periphery of Cape Town says 
police vehicles shielded the 
wiidoekes during skirmishes 
in May, playing a vital role m 
ensuring the eventual blway 
confrontation. Such actions, 
the film report says, give the 
lie to Pretoria’s line that the 
problem is violence by Waot 
on black. They are part of the 
Government’s sustained strat- 
egy of “divide and rule”. 

The report states it is the 
Botha Government’s policy to 
force as many refugees as 
possible into “control" camps, 
such as the one established at 
Khyaletsha. some 21 miles 
from Cape Town. The camp is 
fenced oft has no electnci£, 
but is lit up at night by 
floodlights to assist military 

beat UN 

From Michael Hornsby 


_ omhareo in a clandestine and almost 

= certainly illegal deal. 

South ^f ^^uuuenls The Sonth Africans m- 

10 it is ntort than 90 p,o«d on the ongund dratgn 

needs. Now* isn»re tnnroduce what is reckoned to 

appearance the Cheetah 
strongly resembles Israel’s 
KGr, also a Mirage-based 
single-seat fighter-bomber, 
1b March South Africa 

AmkMT - UK 1 .ifrnffiriMt. The tO BlUflUCe Winu W ICVMMIWV IB HUUUI — 

n of South Africa- per cent be possibly the world’s most unveiled its first bote-grown 

^ 0rI «SSished in i® embargo has P*° aircraft effective mobile battlefield ar- helicopter gnnship, the Alpha 

after the United obstacle to liUeiy. If is very accurate over XHl. This was only a proto- 

imposed ^ nrms n 25*nie range pi on » Rpn, und it isnotknown when 

AZBszS* su-s&*« 

assets reckoned to oe ttAea beggn^ an( i tecbool- 


million rtmd JSSJ 

a 25-mile range and can fire a 
nuclear warhead, which Pre- 
toria is believed to be able to 

The South African An- 
Force has been mainly depen- 
dent hitherto on two sqnad- 
rous of distinctly elderly 



=- ,v " *“ 

inns ( MKia aim 

U,W r and adapting them. tubers, 11 aircraft in all, and 

^ 50 per cent of G5 and G 6 77 82 . 1 ?P ato 

w’s work k contracted The ^ figbter/ground attack planes, 

private sector,^ X longin the lortb. 

chassfe»0®hle of 5 

mob OVrt Spilt RiU«h>mi 

Sonth Afriatook deBveqi 
of its fnst Mirage 1 11 , on 
whirfa the new Cheetah is 

only a proto- 
type, and it is not known when 
production wfll start. 

Armscor claims to have sold 
arms to 100 clients in 20 
different countries, but refuses 
lo reveal tbe amount of this 
trade or the countries con- 
cerned. Early last year there 
were reports that Iraq bad 
it 100 G5 howitzers, 
are no official figures, 
brt South Africa’s armed 
forces are put at 106,400 men 
(7MD0 in the Army, 13,000 in 
the Air Force, 9,000 In the 
Navy and 8,000 in the Medical 

— 1 - 


* *: '• •*•;' -.V* * : 'M 


technicians, special tools and immediate 
access to Ford parts, he's far more likely to 
spot a fault early and put it right first time 
than a non-Ford garage 

AD of which could save you more money. 
Finally, when you come to sell your 
car nothing inspires more confidence than a 
service record book fuily — ~ _ — - 

stamped by a Ford dealer: 

After all, that’s the 
buyer’s guarantee that 
your car was always Kf J k 


Suppose you own a four-year-old Ford. 
And your distributor fails. Needless to say it 
has to be replaced. And as you’d expect, you 
have to pay for it 

But here’s the good news. 

If you have the replacement distributor 
fitted by a Ford dealer who operates the 
Lifetime Guarantee Scheme, the repair will be 

In other words, if it ever goes wrong 
again, you won’t have to pay for another one 
Or for the labour 

And the same goes for any other of the 
many repairs using Ford or Motorcraft parts 
covered by the Lifetime Guarantee Scheme 
But that’s not the only reason it'll pay you 
to have your Ford looked after by a Ford dealer 

- 11 

ft::' \ ‘ 

East and West 

Germans clash 

in ‘defection’ 

THE TIMES ThukSDaY JULY i/ l?ou 

U v i^ivuLaj 

Nicaragua celebrates revolution as US strengthens covert aid for Contras 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

East and West Germany According! 
were last night locked in a mans. Herr 
dispute over a leading East aged to get 
Gernan official, Herr Herbert refuge in thi 
Meissner, who may or may mission in 1 
n ot h ave defected to West wish now was 
G ®7 nan y- . Germany. 

■JO* __ Me i ssn "v **«i J9. But accordi 

According to the East Ger- 
mans. Heir Meissner man- 
aged to get away and seek 
refuge in the East German 
mission in Bonn. His only 
wish now was to return to East 

But according to West Ger- 

—5. HSnasr — 

•?£££ arrested in West Berlin after 

in Bonn. He suddenly turned' trying to s te al a shower lao 

SdESTliSCIS^ 1 ^ S 8 a de^nenf^.HS 

in-SSfnJP 1 ^ ^ said to wanted to defect 

ZJEZFZS . COm P ,,cated and asked to talk to the imel- 
? a toe services in Munich. 
™5* The chief Wesl German Gov- 

SvJ?ra? ay SS»i> Bl pSL? hlcf ernment spokesman, Herr 
Prosecutor Friedhelm Ost, insisted that 

mans saying that the Chief 
Federal Public Prosecutor, 
Herr Kurt Rebmann, would 
investigate Herr Meissner on 
suspicion of espionage. 

But this did not necessarily 
mean Herr Meissner had been 
a "‘plant' 1 or a spy — it was 
possible that the announce- 
ment of an investigation was 
merely a device to prevent 
Herr Meissner leaving West 
Germany if it became clear 
that East German diplomats 
were trying to get him out of 
the country against his wilL 

The affair began when (he 
East German News Agency re- 
ported on Tuesday evening 
that Herr Meissner had been 
kidnapped while on an official 
visit to West Berlin, taken to 
the West German intelligence 
service offices in Munich, 
deprived of his passport and 
documents and forced to help 
West German intelligence 

figence services in Munich. 
The chief West German Gov- 
ernment spokesman, Herr 
Friedhelm Ost. insisted that 
Herr Meissner had acted of his 
own free wilL After his meet- 
ings in Munich he was allowed 
to go where to wished. 

Herr Ost did not know how 
be ended up in the Bonn 
mission, and refused to specu- { 
late about whether to was 
seized by the East Germans, 
but other sources were pri- 
vately not excluding this 

One West German theory is 
that Herr Meissner's asylum 
request might have been a re- 
action after bis having been 
caught shop-lifting. 

Last night there was a test of 
wills between the two Germa- 
nics, with East Gemian diplo- 
mats saying Herr Meissner 
was still inside the mission, 
and the West Germans saying 
he would be arrested when he 
came out 

Sir Geoffrey’s busy two weeks 

Little time allowed 
for quiet thinking 

By Rodney Cowton 

Sir Geoffrey, Howe, the 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Secretary, will be in Washing- 
ton today and tomorrow for 
talks with Mr George Shultz, 
the US Secretary of Slate, on 
South Africa. 

His transatlantic sortie fol- 
lows closely behind his travels 
in southern Africa last week 
and marks the continuation of 
a remarkably ' busy ^period for 
Sir Geoffrey since to’ took 
over as chairman of the EEC’s 
Council of Ministers at the 
beginning of the month. Sir 
Geoffrey is due to travel to 
South Africa next week to see 
President Botha in Pretoria. 

The diary below covers 
most of Sir Geoffrey's engage- 
ments during the past two 

It shows how tittle time he 
has had for simply sitting at 
his desk and thinking, or even 
consulting his staff, except 
when travelling. 

Monday, June 30 : Attended 
opening of Eureka ministerial 
conference. Meeting and 
lunch with Mrs Thatcher. 
Meeting with the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer. Gave an 
interview to an American 
newspaper. Received the For- 
eign Minister of Austria. Re- 
ceived the Moroccan Minister 
of Foreign Affairs and hosted 
dinner for him. . - 

Tuesday, July fc Meeting of 
Foreign Office ministers. 
Meeting with a group of Euro- 
pean parliamentarians. Met 
President Richard von Weiz- 
sacker of West Germany. 
Lunch with the Daily MaiL 
Gave a closed-circuit televi- 
sion press conference from 
London for EEC journalists in 
Brussels. Attended a tonquet 
given by the Queen for the 
West German President . ■ 

Wednesday, JBlylRcc»v«J 

a call from the Foreign Minis- 
ter of Norway. .Attended, the 
address to Parliament given 
by President Wetzsarker. 
Gave speech to Foreign Press 
Association. Attended la , lunch 
given by the Prime Miruster 
for the West German Presi- 
den “Attended talks beween 
- jnu. Minister and Presi: 


■flu i m 'n t sc 

■ 1 ) T }T Sjr 


Build-up of 
troops in 

From Christopher Thomas 
. Washington 

America's military presence 
in Honduras, consolidated for 
more than three years without 
congressional approval or 
oversight, has emerged as a 
key Democratic weapon to 
discredit President Reagan's 
attempts to destabilize the 
Sandinista Government of 

A military build-up is gath- 
ering pace at a time when 
Congress has again cleared 
the way for the Central Intelli- 
gence Agency to resume direct 
support of the anti-S a nd i nls ta 
Contras, most- of whom are 
based in rough camps in the 
jungles of Hood was along the 
bolder with Nicaragna. 

In years of silent build- 
op in Central America's poor- 
est country, the US has 
established a routine pro- 
gramme of “exercises” that 
constantly keep at least 1,200 
troops in the country on six- 
month tours. 

The State Department, 
stung by criticism of the 
Administration's prominent 
role in Honduras, issued a 
formal statement saying: “The 
US does not have, nor does the 
US plan to establish, a perma- 
nent military presence in 

The heart of the military 

n ,71 




• ..-t- I f S i 

Nicaraguans parading through the capital. Managua, to celebrate the seventh anniversary 
of the Sandinista guerrillas' victory over the troops of former President Somoza. 

machine Is the Paimerola air 
base, a sprawling complex of 
teats and wooden huts wedged 
between mountain ranges. 

Nearly three years ago when 
I went there, plans were 
already under way to extend 
the runway to 8,000 Jt, capable 
of handling virtually any cargo 
or fighter plane. That project 
has been completed without 
congressional approraL 

The US also has an airstrip 

at Gofosdn on the north coast, 
built at a cost of $8 million 
(£5.36 milli on) and capable of 
handling most military planes. 
In total, nine combat airfields 
have been built or improved as 
part of President Reagan's 
camp aig n to intimidate Nic- 

There are now two radar 
stations; many new and im- 
proved strategically situated 

areas); a network of tank 
traps; one, perhaps two, air 
intellige&ce installations for 
spying on Nicaragua; hosts of 
new and strengthened bridges; 
and a range of other US- 
provfoaT fedlities-dusigpedjto 
maintain an indefinite military 

Much more is planned. The 
pentagon has a $30 mOIioa 
five-year construction pro- 

proved strategically situated five-year construction pro- 
roads (particularly in bonier gramme that includes die SI. 6 

million facility for a pilotless 
drone used in aerial intelli- 
gence gathering, and $5 mil- 
lion for improving housing and 
work areas at Paimerola, to- 
gether with another $22 mil- 
lion for extensive overall 
upgrading of tile base. 

The US military facilities in 
Honduras are generally re- 
garded as far from adequate 
for an all-out attack on Nica- 
ragua- Ports and airfields, 
even with the improvements, 
could handle only small num- 
bers of ships and planes 

But senior Democrats be- 
lieve the build-up could eves - 1 
fatl y ensnare the US in a ! 
direct Military confrontation 
with Nicaragua. They are 
determined to challenge the 
Adminis tration to justify what 
is regarded as a furtive at- 
tempt to raise America's mili- 
tary strength in the region. 

There is considerable un- 
ease about the continual US 
presence among Honduran 
Army officers and politicians 
who feel the country's sover- 
eignty a nd dignity are being 

However, mneh-needed 
American aid sweetens the 
piliniut the Honduran military 
has benefited greatly. Since 
1981, it has received direct aid 
of $288 million and another 
$188 million has been pro- 
posed by the Administration in 


__ Ho nduras's— main fear is 
’ rtmt a future Administration 
will disengage abruptly from 
the country, leaving it to deal 
with the disintegrating Contra 
force of perhaps 20,000 men, 
plus their families. 

Praise by 
Reagan for 

From Mohsin AU 

Russia was repeatedly vio- 
lating Pakistan’s sovereignty 
in its war in Afghanistan, 
President Reagan said yes- 

He was welcoming Mr Mu- 
hammad Khan Junejo, Pakis- 
tan's Prune Minister, at a 
military ceremony on the 
While House lawn. He said 
that the United Slates deeply 
admired Pakistan’s “steadfast- 
ness and braveiy" in its 
“noble stand". 

The world should note that 
in pursuit of its “neo-colonial 
war or aggression against Af- 
ghanistan, the Soviets have 
repeatedly violated Pakistan's 
sovereignly", he said. 

Mr Junejo . arrived here 
yesterday evening on a three- 
day visit wbicb, according to a 
senior American official, 
marks strong Administration 
approval of Pakistan’s recent 
transition from military to 
civilian rule. 

His talks with. President 
Reagan and Mr George 
Shultz, the Secretary of State, 
-will include American support 
for the Afghan rebels, concern 
about nudear proliferation, 
and the illegal export of opium 
from Pakistan. 

The Reagan Administration 
has emphasized that relations 
between the two countries are 

Defence. Cabinet meeting. 
Meeting with the Prime Min- 
ister. Received the New Zea- 
land High Commissioner. Call 
by the Soviet Fust Deputy 
Prime Minister. Meeting with 
the Foreign Office Permanent 
Under-Secretary. Attended a 
dinner for Resident Wieiz- 

Friday. July 4: Visited a Fo- 
reign Office .establishment in 
R uftriugham^hir e. Reception 
for the Soviet Ambassador- 
Attended the East Surrey Con- 
servative Association Sum- 
mer BalL 

Saturday, July 5: Constituen- 
cy engagements. 

Sunday, July 6; Woriring at his 
official residence at Ch even- 
ing. Kent. 

Monday, July 7: Statement to 
House of Commons on mis* 
sion to southern Africa. Re- 
ceived call from president of 
Spanish Employers’ Federa- 
tion. Received call from US 
special representative to the 
United Nations. Interview 
with BBC Appeared before 
Commons foreign affairs 

Tuesday, July 8: Speech to 
European Parliament ® Stras- 
bourg. Left for Zambia. 
Wednesday, July 9: Talks 
with President Kaunda in 
Lusaka. Flew to Zimbabwe. 
Thursday, July 10: Talks with 
Mr Robert Mugabe, Prime 
Minister of Zimbabwe, in Ha- 

Friday, July lls Tate with 
President Machel of -Mozam- 
bique. Left Mozambique for 
London. „ , . , 

Saturday, Jnly 12: Arrived 
London. ... 

Sunday, July 13: Working at 

Monday, July 14: Morning 
and afternoon devoted to 
discussions with Mr Eduard. 
Shevardnadze, the Soviet For- 
eign Minister. Accomjranied 
Mr Shevardnadze to the Royal 
Opera House, Covent Garden. 
Tuesday, July 1& Morning 
devoted to talks, with Mr 
Shevardnadze, and attended a 
lunch given by tto Soviet 
Foreign Minister. Following a 
reception, he gave a speech to 


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Who Stabbed people inrito" 
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Handicapped Children and Adults 

For a copy of the new OHE/MENCAP report, Mental Handicap - Partnership in the Community? (price £ 1 .50), write to OHE, 1 2 "Whitehall, London SW1A 2DY. 





Crash housing 

for Chernobyl 

Death sentence for Haiti police chief 


From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Soviet authorities are tin- area dose to the 
denaking a crash programme 
..'JiD provide housing by the 
'winter for every family of the 
100,000 people evacuated 
from their homes in the 18- 
mile exclusion zone around 
the crippled Chernobyl nu- 
clear reactor. 

Four thousand homes are 
being built in the Gome! 
region of Byelorussia and a 
further 7,250 in Ukraine. 

They will be followed by a 
second stage of construction 
to include new schools, laun- 
dries, hospitals, kindergartens. 


original homes had been one 
reason for the relocation. 

Another was a medical deci- 
sion that it would be better for 
the evacuees to be resettled 
away horn areas of high 
“background radiation" be- 
cause they had already “un- 
dergone the influence of 
radiation" before evacuaiion. 

Asked how the evacuees 
had reacted to the change of 
site, the official said: “I cannot 
say that everybody was happy. 
They wanted to return close to 
their region, but wc honestly 

canteens, social clubs, post explained everything to them, 
offices and other amenities for " The families had received 
the evacuees. “big money 

No official figure has been 

provided for the cost of the 
programme, which in Byelo- 
russia alone is involving 3,000 
.‘^people working round the 
'^dock in two shins, but unoffi- 
cial estimates put the total in 
tens of millions of roubles. 

Western diplomatic sources 
yesterday described the new 
details of the resettlement 
programme as confirmation 
of speculation that it may be 
years, even decades, before 
many of the evacuees can 
return to their former homes. 

The authorities have been 
reluctant u> spell out how long 
the exclusion zone will have to 
remain empty for fear of 
causing ill-feeling among the 
evacuees, many of whom were 
farm workers reluctant to 
leave their land despite the 
radiation risks. 

In the Lithuanian capital of 
Vilnius, one Soviet source told 
Ifcne that evacuees recently re- 
housed there were expected 
never to leave. 

The government newspaper 
Izvestia reported this week 
fh>m Gomel that many of the 
evacuees in Byelorussia had 
been angered when they dis- 
covered housing settlements 
were being built a long way 
from their former homes, 
rather than close to them as 
originally planned. 

A senior Soviet construc- 
tion official told the paper that 
shortage of manpower in the 


sufficient to replace posses- 

>]£ . 


sions they had been forced to 

Meanwhile, the man who 
has become the best known 
face on Soviet television, Mr 
Alexander Krutov, has been 
given a special award by the 
Soviet Union of Journalists 
for his reports on the after- 
math of the disaster, which set 
a new standard in the state- 
controlled media. 

Mr Krutov and his camera- 
man, Mr Yevgeny Sh ma- 
in kov, who received a similar 
award, were in the disaster 
region for about a month. 

Port-au-Prince (Reuter, AP) 

- Haiti’s former Security 
Police chief under the dicta- 
tors Francois and Jean-Claode 
Duvalier was found gnflty of 
murder and torture yesterday 
and sentenced to death. 

The sentence was an- 
nounced at the end of an 18- 
hour trial at the Palace of 
Justice that was broadcast live 
on television. 

The 12-man jury found Luc 
Desyr, aged 61, the former 
Security Police chH guilty 
without extenuating circum- 
stances of illegal arrest, 
jailing, torture and murder. 

The court immediately sen- 
tenced Desyr to death. Exer- 
tion in Haiti is generally by 

Desyr maintained his inno- 
cence and declared: “I am a 
Christian; I am a convinced 
Baptist." Mr Leon Dupiton, 
his lawyer, said he wonid 
appeal against the sentence. 

The court beard that during 
the 28 years they ruled Haiti, 
the Dnvaliers used the secret 
police to torture and intimidate 

Francois Duvalier died in 
1971 ami his son, Jean- 
Claude, fled from Haiti in 
February of this year and is 
now in exile in France. 

Daring the trial, Desyr de- 
nied ever having seen the 
person who accused him of 
torture and murder. 

“1 don’t know this man," he 
said of Mr Emmanuel Am- 
broise, aged 74, an education 
minister in pre- Duvalier Haiti. 
“1 maintain my innocence." 

Three other former leaders 
of the Dnvatier-era secret 
police, known as the Tontons 
Macoute, are accused of the 

Crew share 
the blame 
for Dallas 
air crash 

Haitian Security Police chief, under hekW guard during his trial 
for murder in Port-au-Pnnce. 

same crimes and are being 
tried in absentia. 

Mr Ambroise testified that 
Desyr arrested him illegally 
27 years ago, and tortured him 
in a small room in the Nation- 
al Palace. 

He also accused Desyr of 
murdering his brother, Jean- 

Jacques Dessa lines Ambroise, 
and his brother’s pregnant 

“I thought they were sadis- 
tic npimab fulfilling their 
instincts," Mr Ambroise, the 
only witness to take the stand 
on Tuesday, said of the secret 

In his testimony, Mr 
Ambroise estimated that more 
than 60,000 Haitians were 
killed daring the 28-year Du- 
valier family rule. ■ 

The three men being tried m 
absentia are Mr Elois Maitre, 
Mr Jean Tassy and Mr Lionel 

Washington (Reuter) - The 
crew of a Della Airlines air- 
craft. airline authorities and 
the weather have been blamed 
for a crash at Dallas last year, 
in which 136 people died. 

The National Transporta- 
tion Safety Board said the 
probable causes of the acci- 
dent on August 2 were the 
crew's decision 10 fly into a 
storm cloud, its inadequate 
training on how to avoid and 
escape from wind shear, and 
the lack of information on 
dangerous weather ahead. 

The 1 1-month investigation 
found evidence that the Delta 
Lockheed L 1011 crashed be- 
cause it flew into a rapidly 
developing thunderstorm and 
encountered powerful wind 
shear — a strong burst of wind 
that suddenly changes direc- 
tion — which caused it to 
rapidly lose air speed. 

Mr Hollis Harris, the senior 
vice-president of Delta Air- 
lines. said he was “shocked 
and dismayed at the board s 
misunderstanding and misin- 
terpretation of the facts . He 
said the company had com- 
plied with all requirements set 
down for training on handling 
wind shear. 

Capiain Richard Stone, a 
Delta pilot who headed a 
union investigation into the 
crash, said the crew had no 
reason to suspect it was flying 
into wind shear. 

Little hope 
for trapped 

From Stephen Taylor 

Twelve miners were feared 
dead in an explosion almost a 
mile down a Queensland coal 
mine yesterday. . . . . 

Eigto hours after the blast 
there was still uncertainty 
about the location of the trap- 
ped men, but the presence of 
poisonous femes left little 
chance or survival. 

Rescue workers were said to 
hare reached within 100 yards 
of the blast area, but were 
driven back by poisonous 
fumes and the danger of fur- 
ther explosions. 

It was the woist Australian 
mining accident in more than a 
decade. The last disaster, 
which claimed 13 lives, oc- 
curred in the same small coal 
m inin g community. Mourn in 
central Queensland. 

Officials said the explosion 
appeared to have been caused 
by methane gas, but there was 
no explanation of how it had 

Danger from femes last 
night caused authorities to 
declare a disaster area within 
a three-mile radius of the 

Hopes for the men rested on 
an attempt to sink a new shaft 
overnight, but officials said 
even if there had been survi- 
vors they wonid have run out of 
air before they could be reach- 

providing almost nightly re- 
ports which included inier- 

, ...lich included 

views with rescue workers and 
footage shot over the wrecked 

Reporting the award, the 
official newspaper Soviet- 
skava Kultura said it had been 
made in recognition of work 
undertaken in dangerous con- 
ditions. It explained that Mr 
Krutov, who is normally 
based in Moscow, had refused 
to wear protective clothing. 

“What kind of emotions 
would have been aroused 
among television viewers ii 
they had seen the correspon- 
dent dressed in protective 
clothing with breathing appar- 
atus?" It asked. 

No details were given of 
whether the reporter had suf- 1 
fered any ill-effects. 

India’s border row 

Delhi (Reuter) — A row has 
broken out between India ana 
China over their bolder only 
days before the two countries 
are to resume tortuous negoti- 
ations on a 24-year-old fron- 
tier dispute. 

Delhi said on Tuesday that 
Chinese troops and herdsmen 
had intruded into Jfoaia s 
north-east Amnacbal Pradesh 
state. Peking yesterday reject- 
ed the charges, saying the area 
was Chinese, and issued a 

counter-accusation that Indi- 
an troops regularly made in- 
cursions into China. . 

} An Indian External Afters 

Ministry official said about 40 
Chinese - “some of them in 
uniforms" - in June had gone 
five miles inside Indian terri- 
tory in the Sumdorong enu 

“We had protested strongly 
about this intrusion to the 
Chinese Government and re- 
jected their contention , that 
lhis area is on their side of the 
frontier " the official said. 

The world’s two most popu- 
lous nations are due to meet 

on July 21 in Peking for their 
seventh session since 1981 to 
discuss the dispute which led 
to war between them in 1962. 
“I am not so dumb as to 

expect a breakthrough,” the 

official said when asked n 
India expected any important 
gains at the talks. 

w Issue at talks: The Indian 
team, which leaves for reking 
later this week for the talks on 
the border, will take up the 
reported intrusion by China 

(Kuldip Nayar writes). 

This is said to be the deepest 
intrusion by . the Ch m cse 
southwards since October 

• PEKING: A Chinese For- 
eign Ministry official _yester- 
day told a press briefing the 
area had always been Cheese 
and was north of the hne of 
actual control” in the eastern 
sector of the Sino-Indian bor- 


Crisis on poll 


facing Malta 

« k .crin Sflimnnt 

From Austin Sammnt 


Sion, anmwncod 

inclod “ Jf^ptable TO f> e 

Butthe OpposrtWB mssTOtn® 
all members most be accep. 

after a 

the Nationalist t t L« 

m the composition of the 


er of the Maltese “ 



crewman seeks 
$l5m damages 

Houston (Reuter) i 

widow of Mr Michael Sm.tiL 

an astronaut killed .in tne 
Challenger spareshuttte dira* 
u»r in January, has hiea a 91 j 
mil ion (£10 million) claim 

N asa for the wrongful 

dC Nasasafo theactionby Mrs 


claim ^anVTOla^ 
of Ihe seven Challenger 

2S3sr— ! 

•PL.!? plus J100.000 for 
b „“ f i^ri« he might have 

^■ived before dy,ng- has ^ 

C, T’ raid Vit rejects it, 


Now you can 

give young feopl 



job and 

get paid for it 

W t 

There’s - 
which allows you to take on 
young workers at realistic wages, 
and be paid £15 a week for 
each one. 

It’s as simple as that. 
No administrative problems. No 
complicated red tape. 

In fact 5 no strings. 

Pry " 

' ■ ST? 


dm ?. ; 

Jobcentres and 
Careers Offices will be 
glaH to tell you about 
eligible young people. 
And that’s really 

all it is. Simple to set up 

and run. You’ll 
be helping out 


It’s called the New Workers Scheme. 
Ideal for small and medium-sized businesses, 
but still attractive to large businesses. 

The conditions are minim al. 

The jobs must be full-time for one 
year. The wages must be no more than £55 
( un der 20), or £65 (aged 20). 

You ran take on as many workers 
as you like. 

The people must be under 21, m _ 

t frpir first year of employment and no 

longer eligible for YTS. Of course, they 

have already completed Y 1 a, 

« * 


and helping yourself expand, without getting 

involved in unrealistic labour costs. 

For more information dial 100 and ask for 
FREEFONE NEW WORKERS. (Lines are open 
from 9.00 am to 9.00 pm, seven days a week). 

Or send in the coupon below. 

i— T - , .rVw.j.ers Scheme, FREEPOST, Curzon House, 20-24 Lonsdale! 
jte), London NW6 4YP. Please send me details of the New Workers Scheme. 

perhaps even with you. 

New Worker} Scheme 

Department of Employment. DS 




Spain’s Socialists seem 
set for long future 
after Opposition split 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

Spain's small Christian 
Democrat Party yesterday 
launched itself on a hazardous 
road by breaking with the 
right-wing Opposition as King 
Juan Carlos began formal 
consultations with party lead- 
ers to form the new govern- 

The King's consultations, 
required under the Constitu- 
tion. will obviously end with 
him calling again on Senor 
Felipe Gonzalez, the Socialist 
leader, to be Prime Minister. 
The Socialists won 1 84 seats at 
last month's general election 
while the Opposition, led by 
Senor Manuel Fraga, obtained 
only 105 seats. 

The deeper significance of 
the split in the opposition 
parties is that it contributes to 
a growing sensation that 
Spam's Socialists are set to 
enjoy power for a long time to 
come. Ya, the Roman Catho- 
lic daily newspaper, yesterday 
warned that, if opposition 
divisions continue, “any pos- 
sibility of winning future elec- 
tions will disappear". 

Senor Oscar Alzaga, the 

Christian Democrat leader, 
distancing himself from the 
veteran opposition leader be- 
cause of the poor election 
results, has now taken his 21- 
member group to sit conspicu- 
ously in the centre of die 
Lower House. This leaves 
Senor Fraga with the rump of 
the Opposition well to the 
right in the Chamber. 

The move by Senor Alzaga 
was made to improve the 
party's image, but trouble has 
quickly beset his little group. 

A deputy chairman of the 

-pgrty and former Cabinet 
mimster.fcgs resigned his post 
amid rumblings divisions . 
within the new Torm^tion. 
Many MB well know that- 
they owe their seats to the 
electoral pull of Senor Fraga. 

Senor Fraga, now commu- 
nicating with the Christian 
Democrat leader only by let- 
ter, has confined himself so far 
to expressing publicly “pro- 
found disgust” over the split 

The repercussions of the 
Christian Democrats' decision 
have been quick in two auton- 
omous regions of northern 

Spain. In Castile- Leon four 
Christian Democrat members 
of the local parliament have 
defected to Senor Fraga’s par- 
ty. and in Cantabria, where 
the coalition forms the region- 
al government ministers of 
the now rival parties are 
feuding and disciplinary pro- 
ceedings have been started 
against local Christian Demo- 
crat figures. 

One consequence of the 
Christian Democrats' move to 
die centre of Parliament with- 
out having gained recognition 
as an independent parliamen- 
tary group, is that the 21 will 
be sitting among those repre- 
senting various regional par- 
ties with one MP apiece. 

How they will divide the 
lime for parliamentary debate 
between them is one of the 
problems Senor Felix Pons, 
the new Speaker and a 43- 
year-old Socialist from Major- 
ca, will have to listen to very 
sympathetically if the new 
Parliament is to prove more 
lively and interesting than the 

see Franco 

rise again 

From Richard Wigg 

Franco is again plotting the 
July 1936 uprising against the 
Republic in Spain — this time 
on the screens of two Madrid 


The film Dragon Rapide — 
which opened last Thursday 
night eight days before the 
50th anniversary of the begin- 
ning of the Spanish Civil War, 
which was provoked by a 
military uprising — shows the 
Spanish dictator in fictional- 
ized form for the first time 
since his death in November 

The film concentrates on 
Franco's activities immediate- 
ly before July 18 1936. 

Its title was provided by the 
tiny De Haviiiand biplane that 
flew from the old Croydon 
airport and picked up General 
Franco in the Canaries and 
then took him secretly to 
Spanish Morocco to take 
charge of the rebellious forces. 

The part of Franco is played 
by Juan Diego, aged 43, who 
once belonged to- the Spanish 
Communist Party when Fran- 
co was alive. 

Diego was made famous for 
his role in the film based on 
the novel by Miguel Delibes, 
The Holy Innocent, which 
depicted harsh rural life under 
the Franco dictatorship. That 
film has already screened in 

The director of Dragon 
Rapide , Jaime Camino, who 
originally made the film for 
Spanish television, is clearly 
seen to be supporting the 
Republican side. 

The fictionalized biography 
has scenes likely to surprise 
Spaniards, showing the dicta- 
tor. for instance, in bed with 
his wife. Carmen. To emphas- 
ize “the other Spain", the film 
depicts Casals, the famous 
Catalan cellist, who never 
returned to Spain after 
Franco’s victory, rehearsing 
with an orchestra for a sym- 
phony concert. 

East African 
states share 
out the assets 

From Charles Harrison 

The Presidents of Kenya, 
Tanzania and Uganda have 
approved the final accounts of 
the East African Community, 
which collapsed in 1977 be- 
cause of disagreements be- 
tween the three partner states. 

They had received reports 
from Dr Viktor Umbricht, a 
World Bank mediator, who 
has spent the past nine years 
untangling the financial legacy 
of the Community. 

Assets valued at about 
£1,000 million included the 
East African railway system, a 
telecommunications network, 
port facilities and an airline. 
There were also debts to the 
World Bank. Britain and other 
donors of £300 million. 

These have now been 
shared out between the three 
states under a formula which 
takes account of the assets 
taken over by each. 

Kenya and Tanzania are 
together paying Uganda about 
£150 million because Uganda 
inherited the smallest share of 
the Community assets. 

One of the last issues setded 
in negotiations between teams 
of experts from the three states 
was the responsibility for the 
pensions of former Communi- 
ty employees, many of them 
Britons. Each state has accept- 
ed responsibility for its share 
of the pensions bill. 

Speaking here yesterday af- 
ter the three Presidents had 
approved the final documents. 
Dr Umbricht said the Com- 
munity was an imaginative 
concept — but it was about a 
century ahead of its lime. The 
member states were not yet 
ready to concede enough of 
their sovereignly to enable the 
Community to operate suc- 
cess full V. 

Marybel Co ton. aged 10, covering her month yesterday as 
she walks past a temporary rubbish damp in Philadelphia, 
where monitipai workers have been striking for three weeks. 

Europe's cinema paradise 

Frenchremain faithful 
to the silver screen 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

The cinema industry in 
France is alive and well de- 
spite increasing competition 
from television, video-record- 
ers and foreign films. This 
contrasts with its counterparts 
in virtually every other country 
in Europe. 

Admissions to cinemas in 
France have remained more or 
less stable for 25 years, while 
in Britain they have fallen by 
70 per cent, in Italy by 75 per 
cent and in Germany by 30 per 

The cinema remains one of 
the favourite leisure activities 
of the French, particularly the 
young. Last year French cine- 
mas recorded 172 million ad- 
missions, half by the 15-24 age 
group, compared with a mere 
70 million in Britain. 

On the officially declared 
fete da cuuma last month, 
when people were able to see 
as many films as they liked for 
the price of one, 1.8 million 
entries were recorded in a 
single day. One in two French 
people goes to the cinema at 
least once a year. Those from 
well-educated, well-off- -fam- 
ilies predominate. 

A main reason for cinema's 
popularity in France is the 
accessibility of cinemas and 
the great variety of films due to 
a policy of dosing or trans- 
forming big cinemas to create 
several small viewing theatres, 
often with just a couple of 
hundred seats. 

While the number of dneraa 
auditoriums has been falling 
sharply in most countries in 
Europe, in France it has 
increased by a fifth in the past 
decade, though the number of 
places fell. There are more 
than 5,000 cinemas in Fiance, 
four times as many as in 

In Paris alone, there are 
more than 500 cinemas. Near- 
ly 200 films are on offer this 
week —old and new, dabbed or 
in their original version, in a 
huge modem theatre on the 
Champs Elysees or in the 
somewhat rundown intimacy 
of a small Left Bank theatre. 
Shows begin about 2 pm and 
can go on till after midnight 
Seats cost about £2 to £3. 

While the heyday Of the 
French film directors — 
Truffaut, Chabrol, 

Renoir, Resnais, etc — appears 
over, France maintains a lively 
and important cinema film 
production industry, thanks 
largely to substantial govern- 
ment aid, begun in the early 
1960s, which last year totalled 
more than 700 million francs 
(£65 million) in direct and 
indirect grants. 

W'hile Britain and Italy 
have been suffering a slump in 
their cinema industry, French 
production has remained rela- 
tively stable over tfae past 
decade, with an average 160 
fbH-length feature films a year 
as well as 400 to 500 films of 
less than one hour. 

Of the 456 new films shown 
in France last year, two-thirds 
were foreign, including 121 
from the US. French films 
nevertheless managed to hold 
their own, attracting 76 mil- 
lion viewers compared with 67 
million for American films. 
Box office takings totalled 3.8 
billion francs (£355 million). 

While the American Rambo 
//topped tiie cinema populari- 
ty charts in France last year 
.with 55 million entries, two 
French films - Leconte's Les 
Specialises and Serrean’s 
Trob Hommes et an Couffin — 
came a dose second and third 
with 5 2' million and 4.6 mil , 
lion entries respectively. 

According to a recent poll. 

the main reason the French go 
to see a particular film is 
because of the actors (45 per 
cent); only 26 per cent chose a 
film because of its director. 

One of the most important 
forms of aid provided by the 
Government for young, up- 
and-coming French film pro- 
ducers is the “advance on 
receipts'* given before filming 
has begun, on the basis of their 
feasibility and the artistic 
quality of the scenario. Last 
year 55 films were given 80 
million francs in such ad- 
vances. Nearly 1,000 films 
have benefited from the aid 
since 1960. 

Since the right-wing Gov- 
ernment came to power, there 
have been fears about the 
future of State support for the 
fin 111 "*, but assurances seem 
to have been given that the 
cinema budget will by largely 
spared the axe. 

University news 

Degrees awarded by the 

The University of Hull has 
awarded the following degrees. 
(Names of students who gradu- 
ated in absentia appear towards 
die end of the list) 
ba In 

nonal Research and Managements l 
D Freeman (Social Policy and Admin- 
MraUon* C E Gamble (Soda! Policy 
-and Adminlstratloni: w T Godfrey 
(Politics and Sociology): E J Graves 

Secon d CttMjlM WW* (Ply_1^S^A 

(jgwmowuc* and Geography); JP R 
Green (Geography): J M Greer 
(Psychology): J L Hacken (Social 
Adtniiustrauon and Sociology): R 

Ml za (Law. Philosophy): N D P 

son (Law. Politics): A C Taylor (Law. 

Second can <pto V): > M FUnl JLaw. 

J Tree m an (Law. Soooi- 

PolllKS): N J TTeefr 
ogy* V McCahnonl 
P N’ewcombe (Law. 

(Law. PotUKa); S 

Fbat Clan Inw o ial. D E Stevens. 

and Administration): S JefterytmH 
tics* A M Johnson (Social Policy and I 
Administration): J Justice iGeog- 
■ raphy* N J Kay (Social Policy with 
Social Work): S Kemp (Social Policy 
and Administration): p D Kenny 
(Economic and Social m&torvh G M 
KJetty (Economic and Social History* 
L J iSnsefla (Politics and Sociology): A 
G Knapp (Social PoUo- aSdAdmln- 
tsiradonx M Kreftxch (Soda) Policy 
and Administration y. C W T Kwatl 
(Operational Research and Manage- 
ment): d J Lee (Social Pottcy and 
| Administration): O Lindsa y (History 
! Economic 

Allen: K F Basttan: . .. 

Cheung: D C Connort S CunnlH: A 

CunsTSi. Davie* i Tnmtmons/P N 
Hill: J 

A Hull: K J Jacobs: P D Kneale: 

J LachkoticJ M Lewis: ASH 
Marshall: C F Mead: N Q Miller: J J 
Mttso: A L Moss M J Packer; R M 8 

H C* M^ESwSn; g 


L Vllllers: B A Watson. 

A lose: J E Baker: C D ftamford: Pi. 
Saraeau: P A Barber; G J Bartow; s j 
Bower: M J Braddodu K S Chan: R H 
Cheung: A J Cooper; K E Cranney: S 
j Flood: S L Forshaw: C A Groom: C 
L Hay hurst; M E Huntley: NJ Leery: 
p A Lewis: P M Livingstone: J F J 
London: S L Millershlp: S J Mooney: 
D B B O'DriscoU: M C Payne: D J 
Price: P N Price: L A Robertson: G 1 
Rogers: A J Smith: P C Spa D: D H 
Soarkes: K J Wilson. 

TMrd Nan honours B H Dorman. 

G O Absalom 

(Accounting): P a Meggy c sf (Econom- 

Bee ley (Accounting): jjB E^imand 
(Accounting): C N Butcher (Econom- 
ics): A J Cave (Economics): J C Cullen 

(Accounting* A N Ellis (Accounting); 

7 (elding (Accounting* S E 
1 N St J Graham 

D A FI __ _ 

Freeman (Accounting): 
(Economics and 

: M Hall 

(Accounting). I W Hanson (Econo 
ks): M R Ttottaday (Accounting) 
Kyle (AccoundngjTk Leake (Econo 

. P 

, (Econom- 
ics): 1 L Me Martin (Economics and 
Econometrics): A L MrOwrn 
(Accounting): M J O'Sullivan 
(Accounting) J B Osborne (Econom- 
ics* T E Ranson (Economics and 
Bus ness Economics): M P Rust 
■ Accounting!: J E Sedgwick i Account- 
ing): B R Shah (Accounting): M P 

G D Russell (Economics. . 

sociology): pad Sanders (PoUBcst j 

j p shaw (Social policy and Admin- 
’ ruing 

Simpkins (Accounting): M R 
(Economics and Buanras Ei 


._. — Economics): 

N D Stockloa (Economics and 
Accounting): C I Summersbee 
(Economics): S A Wright (Economics 
and Bus ness Economics): G M Youei 
(Accounting): A C Young (Account- 

Second Ctau hen on r i (Die 3): A J 
Accounting): S 

Angles (Economics andHMHIB 
J AStbury (Accounting): ASGBafl* 
(Economics}: S J Barnes (Economics): 
D N Booth (Accounting): J Bradshaw 
(Economical. S Burke (Accounting): M 
J Carter (Economics andHBfilH 

Economics): J L Cfarfon) (Ec on om i cs 
Economics): C L Dale 

and Bus! ness HMIPOT 
(Economics* J C Davies (Economics 
and Accounting): A Delghlon 
(Economics and Business Economics): 
S P Eagedon (Accounting): L S Fell 
(Emnom ica and Business Econonti rsc 
■■■■ Har| 

N J Fogg (Accounting): M P Grist 
(Accounting): S CHaJe (Accour 
K M Hall (Economics): J M .... 
greaves (Accounting): K L HiH 
(Accounting): M A Huddles! one 
(Economics): M T Lam (Accounting): 



A McLaughlan (Economics and Busi- 
ness Economics): R H J MUbank 
(Economics!-. N H Newton (Account- 
ing): P D G Newton (Accounting): J M 
Pryer (Economics and Business 
Economics): M A Robinson (Econom- 
ics): J E Sheard (Economics): J M 
Smith (Economics): M Squires 
(Economics): A J Swan (Economics 
and Business Economics): M J 
Swindells (Economics): S P Taylor 
(Accounting): M R Thomas (Econom- 
ics and Business Economics): A J 
Thompson (Economics and Business 
Economics): N A Tolson (Economics 
and Accounting): S L Vincent 
(Accounting): JMO Wool re (Account- 
ing): M R Yedes (Economics and 
Business Economics). 

Third Class I Isas u r s. V J Ch ees anan 
(Accounting): M M MUatu (Account- 

© 1>: G B Telther (Accounting). J 
a 1 lace (Economics): TAW 
Wairrwortfi (Economics and Business 
Economics): K J Windsor (Account- 
ing); A Zavani (Economics and 
Business Economics). 

Pass Dspn. A Hunter (Accounting'. 



mend: K J 

lio u r s (DN fj: J Archer 
Research and Manage- 

M Butter (Operational 

Research and Management): P J 
McNamara (Operational Research and 


I CO*v Ty. A S L 

Lee (Operational Research and 
Management): M J wioard (Opera- 
tional Research and M ana g ement). 

_____ _ H J 

(Psychology): G A Harrison (Politics): 
S O Lee (Politics): K E' Mufllnc 
(Sociology and Social Anthropology): 
T A North (South-East Asian Studies): 
A T Stubbs (Social Policy and 
Administration): H WenJock modern 
Dutch studies). 

Sound Oats M pears (Dtv 1): M R 

Barlow (Politics): Alison Norma Clare 
Bell *e« 'Geography and Sociology); C 
F Boshell (Sociology and Social 
Anthropology): M A B Brecht i Opera- 
tional Research and Management): E 
G Brindley (Psychology): JV Buckley 
(Economic and Soda) History): M L 
Burton (Soda! Policy with Social 
work): R H Carter (South-East Asian 
Studies): K J Constable (Social Policy 
and Administration): J A Curtis 
(Sociology and Soda! Anthropology): 
M R Danks (Economics. Politics and 

N K Goode 

(Drama and Engtish): C A Jackson 

(European Studies'. J D Martin 

(American Studies;: M J Mayor 

(French): M R McGregor (Modem 
1 Historical Studies): O H 

Literature and I _ _ _ 

M Stoane (Theology): A M Thompson 
(Modem Dutch Studies and German): 
D K M Turnbull (English and History 
of Art). 

C E 

d Oats Hunwai (DMcton One): 

Allen (Drama): P A Anderson 
mal and Local History Lnart- 

SSE? D Atkinson (Philosophy* M 
w (prmasopny): S A Batoes 

(American Studies and English): S D 
Baktock (American Studies): M J Bass 
(History): J C Berry iEngtahLanguage 
and Literature): 

Sociology): I J Darker ^(Economic and time)): M Bolton (Eng Lang and UU: K 
Social History and Sociology): An- e Bowen (German): N M Bowers 

(Regional and Local History, 
time)): M - ~ 

drew George Davey (Modem Dutch 
S): G B Dittrtcti (Economics and 

Studies): . 

Geography): R Ersklne CSoOoJogy and 
Social Anthropology): D I Evans 
(Pol I tics i: J H Flnegan (Psychology): M 
Fletcher 'Polities): j Foxati (Social 
Policy with Social Work); C J Gamble 
■ Modem Dutch Studies): P S J 
Gardiner (Economic and Social His- 
tory): M E Hall (GeoTtiPhy and 
Sociology): J A Harm (Geography): C 
L Hayes (Economic and Social His- 
tory): D S Haywood (Psychology and 
Sociology): S HeadsoiUi (Sociology 
and Social An tropology); J P Homer 
(Operational Research and Manage- 
ment): D J Hoskln (Htsiory and 
Politics): N A Jackson (Politic*): A R 
Jamieson (Economic* and Geog- 
raphy): P a Unthwalie (Politics i: C J 
MrGiashan ■ Economic and Social 

European Studies): J Bowler (Ameri- 
an Stud) 

Indies and English): T J Bayes 

(Eng Lang and Utk A Bra 

Brace (French!: 

E E Branston (American Studies and 
English): J A Brent (Drama): J W 
Bnnon iHnq Lang and Lit): P A 
Brocktehurst (Modem Literature and 
Historical Studies): H C Brooke 

Burton i German >: S Gapun [European 

Studies): _S R^CarcLj' (History.): S _J 

Caudle i English and German): C T 
Id (Eng I 


Lang and Lit!: J M 
and Ut): E R 

Chei Iraki (E _ _ 

(Eng Lano ai 

Clarke (European Studies): A M Off 

tEng Lane and UU: J couey 
(Scandinavian Studiesi: E L 
Comthwalte (French Studies): V C-A 

History r. M j McGrath (Politics): C A 
> SociaJWOTkk 

Mills tSoctal Policy with ! 

L.K Moore (Social Policy and 
Administration!: C W Moore* (Sodoi- 

Coyle (Hispanic Studies r: J P M 
Culligan (German): R Curlks «t 
ey iEng Lang and Utl: 


ogy and Social Anthropology): T J M 
Moms Smith (Geography): M A jMya 

Delves i HI 

(History ■; D S 
its (Htsiory): 

( Politics and Sociology): K J Ostler 
(Economic and Social 

History): C 

Overland (Philosophy and Politics): S 
D Oxley ( Politics)-. A Parker (Pq 
and Sociology): M P Pearce l< 
raphy i; A J Powles (Potiucsv. 
Ratcllffe (Psy ‘ 

..lisiory): K J Dennis 

T A Dennis (History): M P Dickie 
(European Studies): C H Doherty 
(Drama and English); G J B Dotan 

(History): A Dowling (Regional, and 
Local History [part- time)): 

Psychology): LA Redman 

(Economics. Politics and Sooology): P 
J Reeve iSoultvEast Aslan Studio): J 
A Reilly (PoUUcs): G M Rowlings 
(Operational Research and. Manage 
ment): W E Saviour (Social Policy 
with Social Work): G Scott iGeod 
raphy K A Semen (Geography): M G 
Sedgwick (Economics. Politics and 
Sociology): S M Shalom (Geography): 
C E Sheppard (Sociology and Social 

C E 

Edmonsdon i His pa rue SHKti«). L H 
Elliott (French): A F Cnrtie (Spanish): 
G Evans (Htsiory); O R Flta. (Modem 
Literature and Historical Studies): M E 
Film (French and Spanish): J.L Foster 
(History): E A Fulton (American 
Studies): L A Gardiner (French 

Studies): W M Gardner (European 
studies): L c ' 

_ W Coddard (Philosophy): E 


(Italian); T Goo id ■ American Studies 
and Htsioryn 

and Social Anthropology): M J Stock 
(Social Policy and Admin 

illustration* E 

R J Grayson (French 

and German): J E Green (German and 
Scandinavian Studk-O: K Crtmshaw 
(Eng Lang and Ut): A J Guppy 
chi: D j Hare (H (story and 

(French): D j Hare (Htsiory and 
Htsiory Of Art* T Harmston (French 

(Stratton): S P Tonge (Economic and 
socta) History). 

m honours (Die S): J Y 
Adcock (Sociology and Social 

Studies): E Harrison (German); A L S 
Hotting (Russian): J C Henderson 
(German): A M Hensnaw (German* E 

Hewson (Regional and Local History 
eJr l Heywood (Drama* EC 




Hill (History of Art and Italian): J M 
... . 1 (Ameri- 

Horrocks (Htsiory* L Hoth arn t 
can Studies: S T Hudson (Drama and 

M Armstrong (Geography* P W 
Ashworth 'Geography): HR Batiersby 
(Economic and Social History* G 
Btellc-Rados (Social Policy with Social 
Work* L M Booth t Operational 
Research and Management);. O O 
Braiihwaiie (Economics, l pmiUcs and 
Sociology *R G Brtgden fPgHBra* AG 
Browne 'Operational Research and 
Management): N p Sunday iSouth- 
Eas: Asian Studies): _G_D Bye 

English); F E Hutchinson (Eng Lang 
and ut* C R Jones (Tbeoioay* H E 

Jones I French I; M P Jones iRhltas- 
optiyi: N A JonnlLng Lang .and Lit): 

A J Kay (Regional and Local History 
{part-time)): C Kelly (Spanish): A J 
Kemp (History ol Art and Italian): S E 

KUsoh (French* M^Latve (HMory): S 

l Lawless (History): 

M J Learoyd (German): S Lewis 

A Lane i History* : 

(French* V H Udert n ( American 
Studies* SKA Lindsay (Drama* A M 
Lyihgow (German* J M Manning 
(French and Gennan* A O Maycrort 
_ ■ Gennan* 

(Modem Dutch Studies and < 

S B Cheesman (Econ omics 
Geograony* S E Clarke i Geography* 
R Clifford (Poiiucs): G C S CortUshiey 

A J Mayer (Drama and Engrtshc J .L 
MAynard (Drama and History of A 


A L Mee ha n (Italian* M D Meehan 

rsooai^Poticy and Adm in tstrailqn i: R 

Davies 'Eeonondc_ and Social 
History!: J S Dean (Politics): W 
Dickson (Phtiosphy acid ^choloea'* 
A FCD Lee (Htstor^and Politics): PK 

(Eng Lang and Ul* C A Mills 
(European StodH 

lies): H I Moran (Busi- 

ness Studies and French): J C Morns 
(Drama and English* S L 

(French and. Span tsh): I A Nlctmlls 
• J O Brfen (German* S L 

Dyson (Economics. Politics and Sociol- 
ogy* P Evans iSo gal P olicy, wim 
Social Work): A M Freeman vOpera- 

" ‘ i n^iConant C T Parkinson 

' Studies* L R. wHd j|Bijy 

■Regional and Local History 

time)!: S C PtnfoJd (German* P K 

Plumb (Ena Lang and lukD ftroav 
sues* K potter lEuraoean Sum- 

pasi OwN: MH ItaMfte (Btgtnevftng 
Design and Manufacture) ^ 

(LirwuisUcs* - 

us* P A Powrte (Modem Literature 

(European Studies* . JJ 

The following students gtadu- 
ated in absentia; . 

. . and 

HaiHday (Geography and 

A HamngUM {Sociology and 

Anuiroookjgy* S K Havercroft (His- 
tory and PoUUcs* J Hewtson (Modem 
Dutch -StudJes* S A HOUMCTOft 
(Economic and Social History* kav 
H untley ( Operational Research and 
Management): L a Hutchings (History 

Faculty at Law 

H Robert 


and PoUUcs): M Jackson (Social Policy 
t (Pott- 

(Eng Lang and Lit* 

Cmiian And PlUKKjjPnyjI K J 

ssssaa 5 

Schubert Mmerigan^Sltiaa* fc ( 

G S M 

»>ephe«1 ' J 

MMiagemem^Sciencra): A S Wrtgm 

tQectrorUrs EngineertPO)- 

Soetirei: C Barnard (Pjant BMteWJ- 
S B De Svha 'EJecnwkEngt^^^ 


& - *55SSagWWgS 

7WRI Clan HoMonkR A AuoWani ' 3 i‘ 

SocMomt. ^ • ?- *. , 

Second On Houoan (Dte i)r q.v ■^2" !• 
Chase; L D Douglb*. Tt.Kmf ■ 

White. . : ..-.'it 1 





j r smart (Drama an d 

EnStth* C Smith tAroertran Snkties* 
ESoencer (Modern uierature and 
studies* J SiqctoiC^rm^ 

(Com put 

Studies and MatbemaUcs): D AOolton 
(psychology): A f>r Coxon iPsygwi- 
oS* C J I Davis {Pt>yv*«)- A Dean 

and Politics* R J Maooicks (EconomM 
and Social Hlaory* E NMagona 
■Sociology and Sociai Anthropology* 
E L March! (Politics): j AMafc 
CSortoiony and Social Anthropology): 
CLM Mendoa (Economies. Pol Ska 
and Sociology* L R Menzws (Sociol- 
ogy and Social Anthropology* R J 
Modes (Economic and Social History): 
D M Monk (Economic ana Sod* 
Hkslory* Sean Thomas Murphy 
(Sociology and Social Anthropology* 
D G Newton (Economics and Geog- 
raphy* N J Ostham (Psychology* M 
M Omltowoiu (Sociology and Social 

AhihropcHogy* ELS Ormonde Social 
Policy and Adirdr 

jl lustration* P J Pegler 

(Sociology and Social 

M C Persad i 

hnd Social Anthropology* 
■■■■■(Psychology): 5 J Pickard 
(Geography* I D Plant Geogr aph y* J 
M Power (Social Policy with Social 

work* J C Puttock (Operational 
Research and Management* G P 
Reddington (Edmomfc and Social 
History* J C Roberts (Economic and 
Social History and Sortoidgy* C.A 
Rochford (social- Policy and Admtn- 

tstraDon* S^^ohason ( Oeb^ap hy* 

P Seeley '(Geograptuti: M E Serrano 
(South-Easi Asian Studies* I Sharp 

(Psychology!; C L Shaw (Geography* 

(Stratton* C A summing (Economic 
and Social History* S P Soenrer- 
Jones (Politics): C A Street (Social 
Policy and ■ Administration*: T A 
Sluarf (Sociology and Social 
Anthropology); H C Style (Spaal 
Policy witn social work* L SwWt 
(Social Policy and Administration* D 

0 Tagg (Geography* D P Taytor 

1 Economic and Social History): A P 
Taylor (Social Policy and Administra- 
tion t J P Turner 'Operational Re- 
search and ManagetnefU* J valto 
(Geography): A Van Der Cotff (Social 
Policy and Administration* C L 
W angler (Sociology and Social 
Anthropology* 3 Walwo (Social 
Policy and Administration* F Way 
(Social Policy with Social. work k.S A 
Whaatiey (PoWtics* P M WUBams 
i Geography* PRO Wilson (Economic 
andsSS History* T M winters 

(Modem Dutch Studfes* F Wtolwi 
(Social Poucy witn Social Wor k* J R 
wood-Smlth (Politics* C J Woodhouse 

(Geography): P J Woodward (Sociol- 
ogy and Social Anthropology). 

i V" Stokes (Aiwenrtfl . Stud tea* 
girente iTreftdi and Gut mail* R 


gtSh* L J T warn ley (French* G M 
uSlker (French and (MHtt JC 
w atch (Fog UIK A L wart 

■ Eurooeanstudlesi: M W^JHwanic 
Studies): G E While OFrench* P T 
White i French and Uncwbkics* F L 
Whitehead (Modem uierature and 
Httioncal Studies* S A_ W lUand 
iPhlSophy* q 'MBJm _(E ki Lang 
and Lilt: J A Williams (Fra tcn a nd 
Soamsh* S J wmamson (European 
InSle* C A Woodlord (Eurooean 

N A Young (European 
Studies* T Young (Eng Lang and LIU. 

Language and uierature): O G Afneck 
(EnSeh i Language and Literature): G 
ECAilen (FrcTK-ti studies): J A Allen 
(European Studies* S ft Andrews 
(History* M L Anstoro tLlngitistia* D 
j Ashton (French* J L Mm 
(American Studies): S C BaUCEuro- 
oean Studies* SL Bames (TTwHogy): 
k Bassey 'French studies* M Bean 
(Hl^nS Studies): MS ^B^vcr 
(hSwv). j Betts (Fren ch an d Snaip 
bh»: c Blake (American Studies* WJ 
Blanchard (Regional and Local His- 
tory _ oart-time): C Blythe (History): R 
W Bode (American E&udies): 3 Bogie 
(Modem Uierature. His torical ; Stud- 
ies)- C Boihngton (FrenctUiE A 
Boiinefiy (History* PJBooth a***. 
ness Studies and c Si T 5? n t ® A 
Boulton (American Srudlra* B J 
Bradbury (German* E A Brtnm (Eno 
Lang and UU-C J Bramnun (Eng Lang 
iRd LuU M Brooks (Bngllsfi and 
Htsiory): A J Biyce ISpanW]* J 
Bullock (French and Latin* L M Burns 

■ Eng Laoq and Lit):N A Cain (Anterl- 
^nSu^st K E callus lEntfteh and 
French): B Casey (Linguistics): A 
Chadwick (Scandinavian Studies* D 
W Chamlck lEnsUsb and Latin 
Uierature* J D FOUSleO (Httmry* C 
A Omstie (European Stud*** A 
Clarke (European Studies). D A Clarke 
(French* jHS QU1 ihrmu and 
English* p coatee (Regtonaiai^Locaf 
HteiOT-y (Pan-tune* S B Condon 
(Scandinavian Studies): F Cooke (Eng 
Language and Literature* HE Cooper 
(History* P D Coxon (History* R 
Coxon (Htsiory and Theology*. K A 

Faentty of ImW Umn 

BSO ■ EcM0>riBt ' i ju- 

Seaond CM » m mi (Dfv 

^jdeniori (AccounllDg* P 
(Arc ounting) ; M C Uwa 

(Electronic Engineering* _ . - - 
lElerironlc Engtne^^S^P 

J Han 

_ _ Jams lEtecwonk- Entaneeringi: L M 

Hazelwood iGe»*ogy* M * HHl 

(Mathematics and Management Sq- 
encesc S A Hod gsonJPsy OiolOCli' * G L 

smith (Economics and. 
Exoiwmlcs): S E Tlr gmas (E copocagc 
r p W De Silva (Economic^ J** 
ThM CM HtMWC S J’ Hodsop 
i Economics and Busuiesa rrnnnum p 

Second Cfm Hoaoora fflf* rjt p 
Richards lOoerationat Research end 
Management). - • .• • - 

l Applied Physics): S K 
iMalhemallcs); S C January d 
C E Knight (Mathematics* S. 

C E Knight — K 

(PtU'CttolOGy* A ET Lynch iGeOWfiVK c 

Medicinal Chemwry): T J Mottram 

( Politics* S 'J Kelly rEconom 

(Geography * H C Norman l C hemistry 
and Malhez * 

jlhemaucslr A Parker igec- 

trontc Engineering* D Park er ; tOed- 
ogyi: N FPendregausl (ComputationaJ 
Science* K Phung fl ‘ 

J B Mm 

(Politics* F M Murptiay fsoctomou 
and Social Anthropology* j r. 

ffcatoeK.(ECg«<wn£C AIV?. 

(Mathematics): S P 

S E SWek» 
Anthropology* TAT, 
and Social 

aucatlon* A L 


les aJdTUmoii P J 

and ____ 


Second CM Honoo»» (D*» *}: C 

Barnes IT 

HokKiyi: E stothard (Pure 

Mathematics): O J Swettenham (Geol- 
oay* A F K Taytor (Geograp hy* K A 
Thomas (Biology* M B Thornton 
(Computational science* G C TJndell 


Psyocs* J I 

M z Winn (BioiogyX 

lass H uwinoa (Hr t* C L 

Coins (Sociology^. ,fmd Social ). 


(Psychology ;and Soriotow*. j n . 
Meechan ■Sociology and Social 
Anthropology* J S MeohamepoHUcs 

Work* L J Rous (Geography* E D A. 
Russell (PoUtics* a L-Sfrong (Pgittesj. 

S ec on d Oaia Hnum 

Abbott i Electronic 

Addison (Geology* W 
(Mathematics): R J Baines i 

Thm) Class Ham S 1 
<eSnorrrtS Potitics and-d 
D Purser (Economics. BBBHMP 

Englneertngi: P W J Baird (El ectron ic 
Engineering* D J Bartow iElectrgnto 

Engineering): S J Batiey (Geography* 
N Beiinfame (Physics with. 

wanted a Pass P B Bates (Ceog- 

Dtra: F J McClefiand (Geog- 
raphy* C R 

A J Daniels (French* A t Darotirourpi 
Davie (French* H B DuMel 

* J A 


and Microprocessor Applications): K R i 
Bilion 'Psychology wun Occupational 
Psychology): J SBoowdman rPhysio* 
G L Brown (Geology* S M.Ginndge 

J B Rowe (Economics. Potttk 
Sociology* 8 Tlddy IPotiticV- 
Award ol Paia: D Downey (Economic 
and Social History* > . 

Pass (tames A J PnMbAHSodohtf 
and soSal.Anihropojtogy* - 7; • . 


_ R Rain ford (Operattona) 

Research and Management). 

TfMnl CUs* honours: P Bruce (Econom- 
ics and Geography* E A L pranidoe 
(SouUt-EBSt Aslan Studies): R M 
Fleming (Social Policy and Admin- 
Stratton): R S Kear (Economics and 

and Italian* A J Duncan (French and 
tun Studies* K Durr (Rus- 

Scandinavt _ 

sian* J Eamshaw (European i , 

S H Escreel (Modern Lit and HMorual 
Studies* C M Evans (Drama and 
Englksni: E H Evans (Hispanic Stud- 
ies.* N F Fittiv (Drama ana Hisiory of 
Art* S E risk OJnguisucs): M A 

G L Brown (Geology* S M.CSirirKtae 
■ Geography and StatisUcSK J E Chatice 
i Chemistry with Analytical Chemistry 
and Toxicology* D M ChaUoner 

8m rad Ctan IIwmi <phr Qt RG 

Gannoo .(MUSK*. . -. - - • 

Rnt Ctan 


Honor s: ' D E Cott 

Geography* A McKenzie (Operational 
Research and Management): B 

. D J 

McNamara (History and Poiitto* C L 
Nanrass (Operational Researc h and 
Management* R W Payne (Opera- 
tional Research a nd . Managemen t* I A 
Williamson (Social Policy and Admtn- 
«t ration): c M Woodall (Modem 
Dutch Studies* W W Yee Yuen 
(Operational Research and Manage- 

Faculty of Aits 

Second Ctan banoora (BN f): Julia 
Frances Datiosso rMusfcK A P Douglas 
(Music); A M Du Feu IMusio: C S 
Enticknap fMusK* A Green (Mraic* 
M J Hopkins (Music* R J Oxley 

Second Ctaaa tumour? (Dhr 23: R 
Common (Music): S T Fiilgont (Mu- 
■ec * e m l Moms >Muac>. 

ThM Ctass haocurr. Catherine Sarah 
Blake (Music). 

Awarded a Pm C R Farrefl (Music* 

B ThM 

Flaherty (American Studiesand His- 
tory* J Forster (Eurooean studies. 

* J 

(Zoology): L j Che alley. 
Chu iBtocnemistry): O 
(Geography* M J Clarice (( 

K k 

P«U DmtJ AFisher (Theologyfc G 
wudman (Theology). 

E Coleman (Psychology* _R . K 
Cot ting ham t Psychology KlI C Crosble 
(Biornemlsiry): A_ M Caddy 
flMKS* • S 

AM Class Honours: T A Cooks ey*- 
(Amerlcan Studies* A M Hunutomfh- 
(Amertcan studies D P wakeung' 
(Ptmosophy). : 

Evans i Drama and English* E H 

, (Phiios- 

K W Dennis (Electronic En- 

J Davey 

Evans (Hispanic SUidles* N 

(Dhr ijs J E 
PM wlnshlp 

Kirkwood l theology* 


Sorourl Class hraun (Dhr 5): James 
Hogg (Theology* V E Lamb (Theoi- 

Ptass Decree: J A Mdumulia (Theol- 

(Drama and History of Art* S E 

(Linguistics); M M Flaherty (American 
Studies and History* J_ Forster 
(German* K Freeman (European 
Studies* J FirfTe (German* A J 
Gallagher (European Studies* E M 
Gardner (Modem Uierature. tutorial 
Studies* F M Garrett (French* S D 
Gerring (French Studies): C Gibbtoon 
(History* c N H Gibson (Drama and 
German* L Giles (European srudtes* 
P J Gleesoo iPhUosopy): D Gregory 
(Philosophy: T A GrossmUi (Business 
Studies and Italian): C A Guyati 
(Htsiory* N Haddock (Russian): R 
Haieta (French and German* A L 
Haley i Eng Language and Ut): V Hail 
(Theology): C A Hams (History* P M 
Harrfe^ TTheokwy* S M Hartshorn 
(French and Italian* MS Hawt horne 
i Classical Studies): C Henderson 
(French Studies* L C Htscox (Eng 
Lang and Lit* G A Hodge (Eng and 
“ tan Studies* A Holland (CLoslcU 
. es* R G Home (Philosophy): J P 


oohy): K W I 

glneertng* S Dhallwai (Chemistry and 
Mathematics): A K Dtxon (Biology*. T 
E Dixon (Applied Physics* "J D 
Douglas i Appfled PhyslCSJ: S M Dykes 
(Chemistry): P Edmondson (Chem- 
istry): R C Enderetiy tElecrronlc 
Engineering*: C L Eiwdl (Psycho kxn; 
with Occupational Psychology* AC 
Flaxman (Electronic Engineering): C 
Fletcher (Pure Mathematics* K 
Fordham (Environmental Botany and 
Ceography): J M Fader (Psych^ow 
With Occupational Psychology* M A 
Frtsbv (Geology): J S 
with Occupational 
Guy <Chet 

^tioolbw* ' J E Herbert 
(Maihemaucs* P M Hi ley (Physics 
with Computer and Microprocessor 
Applications): M Hind (Maihemattcs* 
C Htrd (Btochemkstjy* M Hlrd (Chenv 



Kflwyyi. IH ft 


(Chemistry* R G KMuithan 
troruc Enativserlng* R W S Hails 
ogy* PJ Hancock (Physics): D W 

' A M 8 

Kimberley- (Scandinavian Studies* T 
R L Barren (Philosophy* O P Carver 
(Drama): P Charles (Eng Lang and 
Lll): A J Cullen (Eng Lang and Uv*-> . 
A Dawson (Classical Siudies* Gi ST- 
Dent (European studies* J M Don' 
nage (European Studies* S E H ElHs. 
(History* O R Etklnd (Drama, add 
History of Art* S T Fico- tPhtjas- 
ophy* D M Greenwood iPMkiephy* P 
AHaD [Entfish and PftUOsortiy* . 
Henthoriw' (Russian* S E Mavr. 
(Business Studies and Spanish* jT . 
Morley (Eng Lang and JUoTm S B 
Porter (OaasicaJ StudJS* R t r. 
Sldaway . (European studies* P- 
Singam (German and Scandinavian - 
Studies* LJ C Smith (Business Studies-, 
and French): J M A StyJer (Drama*- J - 


UJt - -*■ 

tsiry): F E HoUmrn (Psychology): J E 
Hotlinshead (Geography* J WHough 
(Electronic Engmewirm* T Howe 

M Sutton (Theology* A E 
(Drama and EngUsh* S 
(Classical Srudtes* .. 


(French* . . 

of Ait* L A Jarvis (Eur 

Ul): E Laiendo- (Reg 

-time* J A Lea (French 


Theology* J J McColgan (Mod Lit and 
Htfl SiudhsKA M McGee (Fren 

Ledamun CFrench and 


Ses* K M Lortmer 
D Marshall (French 
J Maim (History and 
n (Mod Lit and 

„ , _ee (French and 

Span 1st)): S E McKenna (Italian and 
Latin): A Millington (Eng Lang and 
Ul): C A Mltton (French and German* 
J Moody (French); C W Moore 
(Linguistics and Russian* & M Mur- 
phy (French and UngtdsOcs* K J 
Natd (French Studies* 8 Neteon 
(French): K L NlchoUs (French* T 
O'Hara (Italian): F J O Toole (Span- 
ish): P O A A Ok> (Drama* J A OswUj 
(TheoKwyi; a hi Panon (French* C G 
Perkin (Business Studies. German* T 
L M Pickett r American Studies. 
English* C L Pottage (Eng Lang and 
Lit): C J Poller (German and Italian): 
M J H Quinn iPtulosophy* M L Quinn 
(Linguistics): E A Reed man (French 
Studies* D T Rick us 
Rfdgway (European 
(American Studies. . . .. . _ 

Robinson (Eng Lang and Ul* F M 
Rogers (French and German* P V A 

■Computational SdeinceJ: A J Hulse 
(Geography): D A Jackson (Chemistry 
with Analytical Chemistry and 
Toxicology): G S Keen (ComputaBonai 
Science* M • Khalil iPtiitoMphy* D ' 
Kirven (Geography): M Lee 
(Mathematics): J Liimey .(Com pitta-, 
ttonai .Science* S P Lovegrpye 
■Maihemaucs): H M MacDougall (Zo- 
ology): S Manzouri (Applied PsysKs* 
A J A Marshal) (Philosophy* L 1 
Martin (Geography* S P Mason 
(Electronic Engineering): M P 
McKeever ■ Nursing Studies* J L 

Second Ctau Honoure (Mr Q: K S 
Aitenby (Drama and Epniishi: S J 
A men (History* C D M Aylwta 
(English and Philosophy*- J w Bayley 
(PolUlcs and Russian Studies* • DJ- 
Brlmbfecombe (European Studies* 'J , 
M callan (Scanctinavtan Studies* s yx. 
Carter (Classics* J Clapham (Enta-*' 
Lang and Lit): A N Crabtree (Eng Larger 
and Lit* A L Davis : (Americans ■ 
Studies* P J Dvke (French add' 

. Scandinavian Studies* H R J. Fltcb . 
(Scandinavian Studies* s R Goodwux ■ 
ngfish*S r ' 

(Drama and En4Jsh*-S K Humphreys; 
(UngutoUcsi: J H Jackson (History): J 

McLaren (Cornputaaonal Science): S 
A McLaren (Geology* P Meadway 

(Chemistry): E F_ Mcaimwfl ^P hy^o j 

A-M Millar ( Psychology j: R S I 

(Electronic Engineering* G A Mitchell 
(Biocnemisiryl: D N Monieiro 
(Mathematics and PhUosopRyi: T M 
Murray (Geography* S L Nightingale 
(Biology* R Olby (Mathematics and 
Management Sciences* N A Ollett 
(Chemistry with Analytical Chemistry 
and Toxicology): l J Payne (Electronic 
Engineering* S Quaye-Sowah (Plant 
Biology* K D Ramshaw (Geography* 
G R Rayner (Mathematics and 
Management S ciences* J Saunders 
(Mathematics* SAM She) ley (Zo- 
ology* L J Show an (Mathematics* l A 
SigsworUi (Physics* A J Smith 
(Geography and Geology): J G Smith 
(Geography and Geology* _ N A 
Stanton (Psychology with Occupa- 
tional Psychology* T R A Stephen 
(Geology* N D Stothard ■ Chemistry* 

Kennedy (Eng Lang and Lit* NTL 
Mardttn (Gemanf M C Marata' 
(Philosophy* J M Needier 
and Loral History fpart-t 

Ormesher (BusUves* ! 

tsli* J | M Orr (History* .J 
(French Studies* S T Ruin' <H 
G RoHtogs (European Studi 
Sloan (American studies: P 
(Modern Uierature and Htaia 
Studies* L Somers (Eng Lang and 1 
W m Sprenkei (The 

(Eng Lang 

Tbtham (French Studies* M R 

■Phiiosoptw): C A Vieira (American 
SlutUes* M waiter (Eng Lang and ut*. 
J AS Ward (Drama): S Woog 
(American Studies* . 

Tlwd Ctan 1 1 — on. D Andersen 
(Theology): C M Davies (History* P Q. 
Hurobecstone iClMsics* K E WwW- 
(Modern Dutch Studies and French P- 

P M Taggart (Psychology): C G 
Thornton ( Mathematics: N C Thorn- 

ion (i 

Ron an (American Studies. ^Englteh^ A 

* A M Tudor (Chern- 

M Rolhweii (Eng Lang and . 

■ ‘IK J C RumUl^j 

istry wlih Analytical Chemistry and 
r): D J TunstaH (Psychology 

Thomas-Martlnez tEng Lang and UU: 
A J Wiuacy (Eng Lang and. U0- 

Rowlands 'French* 

Loc Htsiory toart-lime* N C Rv 

(Ungmsircs* L R Scott 'Eng Lang and 
ui): J L Scully (German* J E 
Sherman iGerman. Scandinavian 
Studies): S E Shires (America Studies): 
M A Stberl i llallan* M J Seely 

(American Studhs). P SldhutHlstoryi 
S M L Simpson 'European Studies): S 
P Sinclair (European Studies): D J 
Smedley (German* J A Steele (French 
Studies* C P Stevens (Gas Studies 
and Theology): s L Slovens i Eurooean 

Studies): A S F E S Stiscta (Italian): M 
if. H J P 

A Stones (French and German!: 
Thomas (Htsiory): J Thompson 
(French* R_F Thompson (Eng Lang 

. , , . DM . _ 

and Ul* S E Tierney (Hispanic 
Studies* A C Tyors I French and 
German Studies* C Waters (French 

Toxicology): D J Tu _ 

and Education): S D Turner 
■ Mathematical Statistics): D valentine 
(Computational Science): R 

Wakenshaw (Computer Studies and 
Physics): J L Wardle ■ Computational 
Science): P F War land (Geology* A 
Warn i Biology* C J Way (Mathemat- 
ics* E F West (Mathematics and 
Management Sciences* S R Williams 
(Electronic Englneertngi: J L Wllltt 
(Zoology* N S Wilson (Psychology): P 
j woodman (Computer Studies and 
Mathematics): L Woodward (Psychol- 
ogy with Occupational Psycho tom’): J 
H woody art (Geography and Geol- 
ogy* w A Woomouse (Electron*: 

Facta*? of Meow 

Mm Ctan f ta woMm s L 

(Psychology): MJLS Haines (Physics 

- . **. t A 


Semiconducior Science* _ .. 
Mattln (Computational Science* D E 
w Thorpe (Psychology). 

Second Ctan Hawn (Dty 1):S CBaB- 
iGeography): P H F Castor (Philos- 
ophy}: P K Duckworth (Geography* P • 
M Goodby . (Opmputer Sludfeb and. 

. .. . . W Headford (Geography* 
S P .Lawson (Computational Sctoice* 

H K Lit Dewood (Psychology . and 
Education* S Lumlgy (Mathematic*' 
and Management Sriencest R R 
Markovitcn (Philosophy* 
Monracter (Geography); J P 

and Russian* S L Webster i Eng Lang 
.... ... (History): E R 

and Ul* M J Wheeler 

Whlttam (French studies* J C Wilcox 
(French Studies* M D L M Wilder 
(French and Spanish* C Wilkinson 
(Hispanic Studies); J R E Williams 
(American Studies* K J Wilson 
(History* J E wood (Modern Lit- 
erature and Historical Studies* R A 
Wood (Bittiness Studies and French). 

with honours, ThM Ctass: D J 
BJocksidge (French* J A Bums 
(History* M B Cleary (History): J D 

Third Class Honor s. M N Barker 
(Mathematics* m R Brannan ■ Geol- 
ogy!: s J Denton (Mathematics and 
Education): J R Easton (Mathematics 
and Education): m Garcia (Mathemat- 
ics* A W Hall (Biochemistry* S 

S -J 

. ._ _ . (Ms .• 

(Electronic Engineering): K A Pbtr 
■Psychology and Eduratipn* M Pritch- 
ard (Geography); j H Smith (Psychol- 

Herring (Mathematics and Manage- 
ment sciences): D A Hickey (Geology* 

C P Kenyon iGeotowj: T w Lowe 
" “ 'Stal: _.S J Maddocks 

(Applied Physlcsl. 
I Mai hem - ~ 

Stcond Oats flan ea r s (Dta Jta AJ, 
BiKk fOunputaiionai Science* D;®*- 
Booth (BtotogytH A Bradford (Grog-” 
n»hy* D A Cross (Computational 
Science* A P Dtngley (Applied Phy»^.. 

lvri'5 V' 

Isa: u ■ -- 

— - . - - 

1:2- * -■ 


. V j’ 

^2. Z 


F,:r !- -- 
J, wUl v. . 

•- *« -■ 

wternally adjus 


ftSItir C .f •' t"“ 

t't* — •* 

3 V. n 

r — 

-w V_J 

b'/.'TT - 

*PSap=r'--. - 

i«8Wrr " “ 

Cochrane (French and Linguistics* A 

- - - — - - j M 

ai hemal leal Statistics): J F J 
Pud dick (Mathematics* A Rayner 
(Applied Physics): D M Reid (Chetn- 
istryi; s L Saw (Maihemaucs* v D 
Sellars (Mathematics): a N Sleigh 
i Mathematics* R W Smith (Mathemai- 

? f c;, 

1 - e 

^Green^WiIf^Sw* G ‘ NRii'Sr-. 

L ^ £ r-aKo 

(Electronic Enotneerinak D McMIHon- 31 fir-. ■ - 1 'v. 

J Dutton (Classical _ ... 

Faulkner (French): J S Granger 
(French Studies): G M Reedy (Classical 
Studies): J A Sal way (American 
Studies): J C WaHon (Theology!. 
Awarded a Pats A Comer (French and 
History of Art). 

Pass Degree j m Roberts (English 
Language and Literature). 

Facalty of Science 

Rref Ctass IIm om t* I M Beil (Elec- 
tronic Engineering): S A Black 
(Electronics Engineering): K M 
Boothby i Biology* J L Bostock 
(Maihemattcs and Management Sci- 
ences) D G Caw well (Electronic 

Hx* P A Stephenson (Mathematics): D 
M Sykes (Electronic Engineering* A B 

Thelwell (Nursing Sciences* A J 

Wehb (Plant Biology* P A 

(Computer Studies and Maihemaucs). 

(Electronic HDt$nre3»g* D McMUhnv Sfl Cirn _ : 

(Psychology with Occupational- 1 1 011)1 
Psychology): G J Monkham (EJeo- •. . 

IFOnkc Engineering* D Pritchard (Blol- 
ogy* L Stanley (Psychology): J B 
Sutota (Biochemistry* P swaneport'j 
■Biology i: l Theaker (ChemtftryK P « , 

Tninka (Electronic Engineering ): J J 

Engineering* K p Cron (Biology* M 
Davison iPhysksi. C L Dixon 

— S Hawes (Applied 

Physics* J S Mills (Applied Physics). 
Pass Decree: R C Evans lElecironic 
Engineering) C c Green (Computer 
Studies): P S Hedges (Physics* L P 
Johnson (Electronic Engineering* P O 
Jones (Electronic Engineering): C D 
Jufth (Mathematics!; J c Leddy 
iPhSfstaj: B D Nilsson (ElecUonlc 
Enreneerinpi: C Slater tCheirastry* N 
S Smith lEfrctr on lc Engineering]; M T 

Wait < Mathematics': a P Welter 

(M^hematics* I P Williams (Physics* 
M S Yates IChMMttiy). 

•Mathematics and Management Sci- 
ences* K T Dunn. 'Biology and 

. K T Dunn 

Education): P E Flood i Maihemattcs* 
W A Gregory (Maihemaucs and 
Management Sciences* G J Henshail 
(Physics with semiconductor Science* 
S M Iversen (Electronic Engineering* 
D J Keefe (Electronic Engineering* M 
R Lord ichemtttry and Computer 
Studies* S V Napthen (Biology and 


Sreend Ctet Honours J A 

AJcock (Engineering design and 
Manufacture* H J -Mills i Engineering 
Desi gn ami Man u f acture* C E 

KX^tE?***™* DeW — 

Education): S A Oakley 'Psychology* 
5? ■i. Pa J e (Electronic Engineering): w 
T Prah <Geo)ogy): G M Proudley 
■ Applied Psytcsi: M A Quail (Bto- 
c Dentistry), s M Taylor (Applied 

Bovlll ■ Engineering Design 
B HU) 

fatiun?); p R 

Design and Manufacttme* 
(Enginr - 


Biology): Pc Williams (GtotogyL — . ... ,Ji ^ 

AMrtM a Pass s K Roby fCeologyL * 

Al l Dl llWI A R Boulton (Mathesnat- C — '■(Cl ■■ re, 

‘Chemistry); J p HmSe iChemlsJrj7.S V,. /fj 

■J5HSD e, ¥!2S s,: -S D Sangweni (Etoc- 
ironic Engineering): P C StantiW- 
l Biochemistry): A D Tomaseffi (PftyS 7 
irs* I R Williamson (Coraptiter^ud- 

^IDD r -. ~ " w ‘ !f hO* 

. — Jncerlng Design and Manufac 
•ure* HA J Malr (Engineering Design 
and Manufacture). 

University of Oxford Class lists 



The following Class Lists have 
been issued by the University of 


e. Leys S Cambridge: P L 
man. St Hugh. Chelmsford 
tty GUIs KS: P A Price. Si Call). 



County Gli 

RGS High Wycombe: J C M Sanders. 
SI P. King's S. Macclesfield: D A 
'. LMH. LaUmer S Edmonton: P 

Homy OMwar Btskit MmmM Prize s N 

M Astliana. SI J. 

_. P- 


Cta» t S S N M_ ASlhtoia^H J Krn^s 

S. Wore ester: K j Barren. hetiV. 
Plymoulh C: R Black. Herif. Perse S. 
Cambridge: A N Bruce. SI Call): J 
Fisher. S Pur ley: M D Hake. Hcrtf. 
Corfe Hill S. Done!: 8 P Hunnard. Qi 
Ch. Christ C. Brecon: W N Jackson. 
Ex. King's S. J 

McGregor Herif. Brighton & Hove 
Sixth Form C: C C Muscal SI J. 
Dulwich C: H F L Roberts. SI Call). 
South Hunsley S. 

Ctan h (DMston n: A ft Bennam. Si 
P. Friary Grange Comp: j j L Bennef l 
P rmh. Monmouth S J Brown. SI 
Oath. Coffc S, Cheshuht: K L Brown. 
SI HIU. New land KKAR Buicner. St 
Gaiashieis Academy: A L 
Ch Ch. Durham S: J A 
Croasdaie. Mansf. Howard ol 
Effingham: . H J Cross. Moral, 
CUMernill S: R E Denby- Jones. SI 
Calh. Mancbeslrr GS; P Deutz. Ch Ch. 
Umgdor s Newham: A P Dodd. 
Kettle. King'* S. Tynemouth: A L 
Dudley smith. Mansf. UppUt^iam 6: 
N l Fisher. Hert/ Alfred Sutton Boys 
CouniyComp. Reading: T J Forsyth. 
Herif. SS Mary 4i Joseph. Sidrup: A J 
Gw Ch Ch. South woids Comp: C G 
1 Getanun. Mansf. Brown A Brown A 
Tutors C; K A Hale. St Ed H. 
Merchant Taylors' Northwood: I M 
Hammond. Herif. Sieynlng GS. A ~ 

G Simon. j«iis. No sctiooi given: 8 M 
stokes. BrecTsandtochSiM S 


us. No Sri __ . ... 

Sandbach S: M S Tipper. 

Mansf. Newcastle HS: J R Voaden. Sf 
P. Rugby S: v S-J Way. S Hu di . 
Norwich HS: R While. Or. Hulmr GS. 
Oldham: S winder. LMH. Poole GS: B 
D Youna. Jesus. Sherborne S. 

Ctan H (DNIitain Of S D Apied. Pemb. 
Preston Manor HS: T B Axworuiy. 
Herif. LtrsuUiie conveni HS: R M 

Prexhm Acconanmc C C MusraL Si J: 
J L Herrington. SI Hdd. 

Ch. Solihull SlxthFonn C S Jack. Si 
P Kings HS. Pontefract J G A 
Jahraon. .Line.. Sir John Nefthorpe S. 
Brigg : C □ Jury. Pantt. Boston Sou 
Comp S: C A Keating. QitMUtfleWS: 

Natural Science: Engiueering 

Ojufc N I Barnard. Line. ShenfleM: D 
J Coll on. Ex. MinsterS. Southwell: G 
M Fiekien. Wore. Bradford GS; A J 
Lews. wore. Gtyn s. Epsom: N A 
MacManub, 8NC. St DommiCs Sixth 
Form C: _p Mustafa. SI Ed H- 

A E- Kutper; Unfv. 'BMtatcs sTS P 
Lambert. St Cath. Lymm 
Oi Ch 

Oughlruigton HS: C E Lewis. ' 

MW Hiir 9: ft | 

Beniamin. St HUd. Si Paul's Girts S: C 
w Brown. Si Ed H. * - 

glow* 2 I 

Caruih. Si HUd. no school cUen: s m 
C haicrafl: S Clifford, a Ed H. 
Magdalen Coil S oxford: j e Davis, a 
Anne, oxford _S:_ N Doiiimore. si 

Farnham C: J A Noble. St Hugh. 

s. Du. 

Maidstone Girls GS: J G Gwen. 

‘&s£r \ § ^ ASSSn.'^SS: 

gfptfa Mrnut 

jfd*’ FeijCT C: G A Mathew? StJ 
J 1 May. St P. Wlrrai 
F Miller. Or. Brinkbum Comp S 
Hartlepool: j miu ward. Jesus. 
Backweii S: J w Moore. Ch Ch 
J E Moss. Kettie. Si heiors 

AlgeU SlsOh Form Cs A H 
B*- SoifhuiJ S: B J Robiosoi^ 

farnborougn^A M wuiim 

WssTf m c rtsssti. 

Hu^h. Boilon S; L A F._Cnindy. si 

CuKtieth Hall Gtrte S; J L 

HambMon. Mansf. Rossall S: a j 
H amilton- Russell. Wore. WH waters 
rand Unit: M s Ho. St P. Cranford 
Community S: M Jlddon. St Ed H. 
Queen EitzatteUi’s CS. Btaekburn: □ 
W JepSOR. Kettie. Leetti GS: J M 
Kinsley. St P King's C. Taunton: J M 
Lambert. Or. Magdalen Coil S Oxford: 
P McEvoy. Mansf. . Blue Coal 

Dulwich C: R Singh, SI Ed H. Hwa 
Otong Junior C. Singapore: J C 
Tpvcy. Keue. Malvern C; T C T 
Tseng, jjmv. Hong Kona Unm S K 
Vunq. Ek. La Satie C. Hong Kong. 

S Northwogd; Ml Patel. St Ed H 
J*?!'*™ GU-teC: C M PuUtn, Magd. 
Cheltenham OS:_H I Saunders. 9Ed 

M PuUm. 

— — .. | Ssuodfn. 

^ HS. S S shah. 

Mansf. Jmam s. Kenya: M~ D Sutton! 

S, Hreeford: 

_ ... II (Dtaii ie u 11: D N Ail team. SI 
Cath. Ruskin HS. Crewe. P L 
Anderson. BMC. Barton Pevertl CRH 
Astley. BMC. Stowe: S E Bailey, wore. 
Ctteiienham Ladies CSO Braddoek. 

Liverpool: J MeSev-Mh. SI Hugh. 
AusteU'siiflh Form C: h MarshaU. 


Or. Stand c, WhnefleU: M G Buckley 

Cath. SlOCkDOrt L J MoaL 

wadh. Maibank & Nantwtch; .. _ 
Carr. LMH. Goffs s. Chesttunc RAJ 
Cooke. St Cam. Watford Boys OS: A C 
Cowfe. Untv. Wafsuigham Gins Comp 

Hugh. Newcastle-(J Tyne Church HS: 
_ . CUy S. Lincoln; J 

D Hugh. 

S: LM QttlB. St HIM. Park S. Gtopow; 

Harrison, si Anne. London Oratory S: 
J L Hemngton, St Him. Broad Oak. 

E outh wane. Herif. HliKbln^guke & 

C A Dean. Unlv. Blue Coal _ 
Uvenmol: A J W D Don. KeMe. Eton: 

Line. Cathedra) s. Hereford: S M 
SwMJiEk- SedUergh S: S p W«shaw. 
{*• Ch. Westminster S: I G Welts, 
Uni\. Tapton S. Sheffield: E^s 
M M. Slumlord HS: CC 

Junior c! 

Singapore: R o Wyan. Unlv. Lancing 
Ctan n (DMttoo 2}.- k P Akhtar. 

s f 


PrtncMl. St Cath. SSSSfo A-Syon 

“H.n e & SiCWOIri, r ,a . 

Engineering Science, . a*4 

-CDjlyt.iwr fj, S-P 

Ramcnandam. Or. Harrow & 

Ponman woodwant 
M09L Mttgd. ElOtT^ 

m Palmer. Keoie. Boson 

_S R 

SMI) Form Centre.. Weston-Sugg : 

Parry. Jests. Esher C: A S Ryan, 
crif. Yale Unlv: D R Shaw. Jesus. 

h A Oumbreii. New. st Josephs c. 

f. South (tar* 

Mafe: c P Hicks. Keoie. Henchel 
S R Hunts. Herif. William Ellis S: C H 

3 Pk Fetsted S: J M Hunt. St 
en CoU. S Oxford: MRS 
■rwin. si Ed H. Durham S: C J Kntohl. 

Hcrtf. ___ 

Haberdasher's Askes'. Elstree: L D 
While. BNC. Richard Hubh C. Taun- 

inswirn: D A Elley. LMH. S 
sixin Form C. Mtodtesbrov 

Evans. Hprir. coictiester T M 
Frlhenlonhaugh. Magd. St Paul's S: P 
w Fouikes. Pemb. ntord County HS: S 

Buns. Pemo. Bredttury Como. S. T E 

lerefOf “ 

( Ch. | 

tree: T_ 


3 Hooh._Herefbrd s wji Ftmn 

C: C S namigy.^'ai.Jta 

dan lh K A Bye. Pemb. Cuttekv 
ton: D 

Jesus. Btehos Gore Comp. Swansea; S 
St J Woking Sixth Form C: G 

A Lewis 

A Lockwood. Jietole. Aylesbury GS: J 
E Mackintosh. SI Hugh. Butters Wood 
Gins S: a N Marshall, st Ed H King 
Edward's S Birmingham: P j H ea d e r. 

Comp: C A Gladstone. Wore. Eton: _ 
P Murton. Or. Hills Road Sixth Form 
C. Cambridge: M V Peachey, si Cath. 
Sir Thomas Rich's. Gloucester 
HartNrtMfl Memorial Pitta: B P Hut*- 
bard. Ch Ch. 

Ih o x aiis Ac casiamp t: R White. Or: K j 

J Fre ethy. SI Ed H.Hdtrow: I B g 

Pam Compz'k j HadfitM. St Anw 
Manrnesier .I&jmK Sir 

Frenehs. Ke&le. Harrow: M 
Gab bod. Or Ysgoi David 

BH ke nheod HS; M J wadii’ 

Rugby S. M Holmes. ST J.' Lancaster 
BSH . AshvfiteE 

Maod. Ketvinsuie Academy. Glasgow; 
ME Hawkins. St Ed H. Portsmoulh 
HS J A Haras. St Cath. Wakefield 
Girls HS; M*D Hooklnson. Si Gam 

RGS: T -J James, m, nan' 
Harrogah*j M Lewis. Jesus. Ruooy 
S--JB MhCtgn. Jews. Dundee HS : AC 
w MacKenzta. Ketxe. Wetback C: S J 

Ma yo. S i Hlld'. Toctm dpe-Gtrts GST K 

‘ : S. Worcester: F 

J Morgan. Bail. King's a . ««,«»- F 
f Wf ft i a Si S g:R 

Engiweraig, Economics, 

Otata b B R Good. Kettle. Mariboroueh 

IjJIk S M Met. 

Cagienwm A ' A 
MtBto tgne C of E , 

•Hoof, stmon Baited. 

One II. QMdMt B! 

Oak Form S;CU Ml 
rt « (hum e-'i . u 






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r« 4S. 

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*~® || 



i. Whafe this? A summer 
^tate car advertisement with 
rio special offers or add-on 
. extras, and at a time when all 
. ! ,& around us are loadingtheir 
, carswithextragoodiesto 
•--» >; tempt you? 

j ■• Have we lost our reason ? 
: -v^ Or is it simply that our Regata 
' _ . 'i':$ weekend estate, unadorned 
V"; wth extras, still has the edge 
' :*’•«* ewer te rivals? 

.4 Fjat dealer, cast\ i 


-a*an '■ •■? 

: v aeritical eye over the two 
■ Regata Weekend models, and 

■ -^.v» judge for yourself. 

• The Weekend 85 Comfort 
, ^ T comes with a smooth-changing 

■" 5-lspeed gearbox to make the 
I most of its 1.6 litre overhead 
cam engine. 

•• The rear window comes 
. ..... ..»: with wash/wipe and there’s a 

split tailgate to make loading 
■■'■■■ even simpler. 

' : ; : Insideyou’H find seat belts 
front and rear, reclining front 
seatswith matching cloth head 
" restraints and stereo radio 

• - all standard. 

■: The Weekend 100 Super 
- offers, in addition, power 
T steering, rev counter 
econometer, stereo radio 






r/K-V v 



I \ 

v 80 k 

1 cassette, more luxurious 
trim throughout, and an 
asymmetrically split folding 
rear seat 

There’s a tilt-and-slide 
glass sunroof, tinted glass all 
round, halogen headlights with 
wash/wipe, and electrically 
operated front windows - as 
well as central locking. 

In both models you’ll find 


and a maximum H2 mph* in 
the Weekend 100 Super. 

All in all, there’s a lot to 
tempt you, and all of it 
affordable - just £6,997 f for 
the Weekend 85 Comfort, 
£8,590 f for the 100 Super. 

And with your Fiat dealer 
in a generous mood right now, 
there's never been a better 
time to talk to him. 

But even if you decide to 
delay your decision to buy a 
Regata Weekend, don’t worry; 
when you do decide, you’ll still 
find we’re offering the same 
high levels of comfort, equip- 
ment and performance. 

Unlike some. 







i* j i i 1 1 * * m Hu, ‘ - m .■ t ,> s t v f 



Nice to know, mean to fight | Nw torture 



■ • •» 

.... -v 

■ vr— . v,' • • : 


* * ■ 

I I is not just boxing 
correspondents’ hyperbole to 
state that the coming world 
title fight between Tim 
W uherspoon and Frank Bru- 
no is more than a mere boxing 
match Naturally the men around 
Bruno breathe that it is an Event 
the Big One the Ultimate - but 
after just a few hours in their 
company the apparent exaggera- 
tions begin to make sense 
In terms of boxing history, the 
fact is indisputable when Frank 
Bruno steps into the nng at Wem- 
bley early on Sunday morning to 
challenge W itherspoon’s World 
Boxing Association heavyweight 
title it will be the first ume any 
British fighter has had an even 
chance of taking that title 
More interesting to non-boxing 
people is the phenomenon of Bruno 
himself Conventionally be is seen 
in one dimension the big. brainless 
Spilling Image puppet who asks 
“know what I mean 0 ", and slugs his 
way through a barbaric spectacle It 
is a narrow elitist view For just as 
modern boxing is a multi -faceted 
business which involves a range of 
sophisticated selling skills, so Frank 
Bruno should be seen as a man 
whose particular wisdom has been 
to escape the predictable and turn 
himself into a ruthlessly disciplined 

Last week, when Bruno met the 
defending champion for the first 
time the contrast in styles was 
instructive The American was the 
epitome of fast-talking, amusing 
Philadephian. confidence ana 
“cool" — tracksuued and accompa- 

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med by a phalanx of giant sparring 
partners Bruno was wearing one of 

partners Bruno was wearing one of 
his famous suits — pale grey, over- 
checked w-nh pale blue, silk tie, 
white shirt Bruno sat almost silent 
next to his manager Terry Lawless, 
looking like a world champion and 
playing his part with studied indif- 
ference in this theatre of 



Police are to lead a secret inquiry as 
the Shin Bet affair enters another 
phase. Christopher Walker reports 


After weeks of ridoos in- what happens in itheuocnpied. 
fighting, the Israeli govern- terrorities. It lias recently . 
ment has at last accepted that produced a report which 
there h a v to be another cl ai ms ttet mere has jeen a 
inq uiry into what has become 40 per cent increase la ifee . 
known- as the Shin Bet affair. . . Humber of complaints oftor- 
This time the police are to hire since the beginning of 
carry it out — theoretically in last year. • ; • 

total secrecy — since they will Someone _ wita expengace 
be on the alert for the cover- of Shin Bet interrogation vjtfi - 
bps which foiled the earlier before and aft«; 1977 fe Mr 
investigations. Jabrfl Rajonb. He wasgnen a 

They are expected to con- We sentence after confessing 
central®, at least initially, on. , to Shin B^tohrepjventtot 
the circumstances- surround- 1 with Fatah m -I97o.- He ms 
inn the deaths of two Pales- released.'in May last year in . 
tmimK m Shin Bet custody in ■ the mass prisoner, estrange . - 
April, 1984. According to Mr Tor three Israelis bnTrearresf- 
Yosef Haris h, the Attorney ed last November and totem- ^ 
General this means ~ that gated again. ' ' ' ' • ;j 
agents of this highly secret “In 1970 it was d bett* 
co tin ter-intelllgence agency s - tags. They bfeat you alf, the - 


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ecret “In 1970 ft was aB. heat- . 

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The man who would be king: “The bell goes ding-ding, yon got nobody there except yon , . Jt makes yon a lonely person” (Photograph by Snowdon) 

T o some he seemed tense, it 
would be surprising were 
he not Vet though he 
lacked Witherspoon's re- 
laxed style. Bruno dis- 
played some wit, and his 
performance showed Lawless’s 
careful training. First, appearance 
ahtavs immaculate Second, atti- 
tude to press scrupulously polite 
(At times he looks like a giant 
schoolboy hands clasped behind 
his back answering the 
headmaster’s questions) Third, 
general demeanour safely reserved, 
on the grounds that the less you say, 
the less the cynics can mock you 
Tim Witherspoon shrugged after-, 
wards that his challenger was too 
tense too quiet, the Americans 
wanted hype 

The Bruno-Lawless relationship 
has been likened to that of father 
and son Certainly Lawless has 
groomed Bruno into a man who can 
mix with “celebrities” but still 
protects him from the excesses of 
fame Lawless’s investment has 
been financial as well as profession- 
al and emotional, it was he who paid 
for the crucial visit to Bogota in 
1982 when Bruno needed a special- 
ized eye operation to correct short- 
sightedness. that would enable him 
to turn professional The affecuon 
between the two men is clear to see 
Bruno's real father, whom he 
describes as his “hero" died when 
Bruno was a teenager Years of 
illness fafted to prevent the- loving 
but exasperated man from beating 
his difficult son -with a curtain rod 
when necessary It was often neces- 
sary Bruno’s parents ' bad come 
from the West Indies to Wands- 
worth south London, the family 
(Bruno has three sisters and a 
brother l was close, religious and 
strict Like many children. Bruno 

reacted against bis parents' training, 
and the huge toddler became a burly 
and aggressive boy who spent all his 
time fighting. 

A man who has known Bruno 
some years, and is from an identical 
background, said: “The secret thing 
about Frank is - he likes to p/ease. 
Now he pleases Terry by handling 
himself well and he pleases the 
public Then, the pressure to please 
his mates was greater than his need 
to please his parents. You live your 
life on the streets, your parents 
don't know where you are. and if 
you’re a big guy you get involved m 
punch-ups because that’s what your 
friends expect of you. It’s hard to 

When Bruno fought with one of 
his own teachers, bis mother 
Lynette. a devout Pentecostalist, 
decided something had to be done 

with her bully of a son, so Bruno 
was sent to Oak Hall, a boarding 

school for delinquent boys. Hurt at 
his mother’s decision, Bruno saw it 
later as evidence of her wisdom. He 
was head boy at Oak Hall, but left 
knowing that a career in sport 
would be the only thing to keep him 
from crime. From the age of nine he 
had been hooked on boxing; now he 
joined an amateur dub in south 
London, and earned a living as a 

It seems as if be still has to remind 
himself of the detested building site 
to drive himself on. Even m a brief 
interview he tells you about it “And 
jf ever I look as ifTm forgetting who 
I am and where I come from, people 
around me will tell me I mean I 
only have to remember all that, 
know what l mean 9 ” 

Bruno, said his old acquaintance, 
is interested in money “His style is 
to gel the fight over quickly just so’s 
he can pick up that purse and go 
home" His American sparring 
partner, Rufus “Hurricane” Hadley 
— himself a potential world heavy- 
weight contender — said that Bruno 
shows the classic hunger of count- 
less black youngsters on both sides 
of the Atlantic who became boxers: 

“What makes Bruno tick? He's 
found one thing he can do. He don't 
want to be in poverty. He don't 
want to be low This is the only way 
he can avoid that He works as hard 
as any executive, and the gym is his 
office ” 

The gym is above the Royal Oak 
pub in Canning Town, home of 
Terry Lawless's stable of fighters. 
The atmosphere is that of a large, 
easy-going family where any small 
jealousies are banished before a big 
event that will bring credit to all. 
There was some resentment, on this 
day, that Bruno, who had given 148 
interviews in 35 days during his 
most intense training period, had 
been criticized by the press for being 
uneo-operative. Lawless is keen to 
protect the boxer be has created 
from obvious irritations, such as 
female reporters arming from the 
tabloids wanting only to know how 
Bruno copes “without having sex 
before a fight", and what it is like 
“living with his white girlfriend” 
Despite all the interruptions. Law- 
less says Bruno has no problem ra 
“psyching” bimsdf for this fight; 
“It’s all he's been thinking of for 

You sense that Bruno can some- 
times becomes irritated by his own 
“nice” image. At the Italian restau- 
rant in Leytonstone where he eats 
regularly with Lawless, and where 
many pictures of him adorn the 
walls, the manager praises him and 

his gargantuan appetite, adding 
fondly: “He is- a good man — too 
good fora boxer.” It is impossible to 
find anyone who will be severe on 
the man. So is he nasty enough to 
beat the wily and experienced 
Witherspoon? Terry Lawless smiles: 
“Mean 9 He's mean enough all nghL 
You should have seen him back 
here at the gym after that press 

B oxing, he says, is a busi- 
ness, about controlled ag- 
gression; Bruno has no 
need to throw his 16 
stones around outside the 
nng. Suppressed anger does show, 
however, when Bruno talks of 
comment which touches on his 
personal life. “I mean, Tm here to 
be set up and then knocked down, 
that's all right. But it’s nothing to do 
with my family.” He accepts his role 
as public property, but is careful to 
keep his girlfriend. Laura, and their 
three-year-old daughter (another 
baby is due in September), in the 
background — largely because intol- 
erant blacks as well as whites have 
attacked the relationship that has 
lasted since the pair were 18. 

Bruno bas won 20 of his 21 
professional fights. His only defeat 
was by James “Bonec rusher" Smith 
in 1984, when Bruno was knocked 
out m the tenth round. Many say he 
lacks serious experience, since so 
many of his fights have been against 

unworthy opponents. “He’s proved 
he can punch but not yet that be can 
fight” seems to be the consensus. 

This fact, set against 
Witherspoon's proven skill and 
staying power, plus Bruno's style of 
fighting (planting his feet and 
punching, rather than “dancing” 
like his admired All) could well cost 
him the fight. Yet he is far fitter than 
Witherspoon, and those .dose to 
him say he has gamed in power and 
confidence during the past year. His 
sparring partner. Rufus Hadley, 
gives Bruno the edge: “I've sparred 
with Witherspoon as well, so I 
should know. Look — boxing is 90 
per cent attitude, and Bruno wants 
that win so much” The secret, says 
Hadley, will be for Bruno to 
concentrate on the fact that he is not 
fighting the man, but that man’s 
mistakes — and to be cool enough, to 
make him make mistakes. 

Modern boxing talk is of psychol- 
ogy and strategy, not just brawn. 
Bruno himself slips easily into a 

will be interrogated like com- 
mon criminals. 

But it wiD be a gentler form 
of Interrogation than that 
apparently used by Shim Bet 
when the army handed over 
the two Palestinians h had 
captured on board a hijacked 
bos on. the Gaza Strip. 

There are many versions of. 
what happened but the one 
undisputed fact is that the two 
Palestinians were dead within 
hours of being handed over to 
Shin Bet No charges have 
been made against the offi- 
cers concerned ami President 
Chaim Herzog .has given 
them a pardon for anything 
they might have done. 

Mr Shimon Peres, the 
Prime Munster, has ex- 
plained to the Knesset why 
there should be no "charges. 
For the head of Shin Bet and 
his colleagues to be able to 
defend themselves, he said, 
“they have the right to take a 
line of defence (hat they, think 
is right — and drey said: tom- 
line of defence is that this was 
not the first time'.” Mr Penes 
gave a warning that any 
prosecution would mean re- 
vealing “a very lengthy series 
of precedents”. 

tune.* until yon confessed”, he 
. said. *fThis time they tMfcme 
to Hebron Prison and put me 
in a special wing, handcuffed - 
and with a hood over my 
head. I spent the firstniae 
days shot, hr the lavatory. 
That is their nevr way. Thai ‘ 
they .wonld take, me; out and ' 
put me under cold showers 
and beat me a bft . then pat ihe - 
backin the lavatory vtith the 
handcuffs andthe hoodT.; 

.. Another method alleged to '■ 
be on the increase is tfae.reeof 
near-asphyxiation other by 
drawing tight the hoods or hy 
. squirting in tear gas from a - 
pocket aerosoL Thfe was wind r- 
Mr Adrian Mansour Ghanem v”* 
cl aimed . happened to- . Mm 
when he refhsed to confess. 

Although the Shin Bet 
methods are kept secret . the:, 
lawyers chum to have built up , 
a consistent picture t- from 
hundreds of statements by 
clients — of what happens to 
people after their arrest; 

The prisoners complain 
that during their interroga- 
tion they are' made to feel that . 
they are m danger of losing 
contact with 'tire outside ._ • 
world. They are isolated. 


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rather endearing introspection, say- 
ing: “Let me rephrase that" with the 

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mg: “Let me rephrase that" with the 
anxiety of one used to being mocked 
for his lack of grammar or intellect. 
Bruno is interesting on the isolation 
of his life: “I mean, I run alone in 
the mornings, and train a lot of the 
time alone. Then, when you get m 
that nng, and the bell goes ding- 

ding, you got nobody there except 
you. Yeah, you could say it makes 

Shin Bet has 
been very 

‘Agents will be 
like criminals’ 


1961: Born Hammersmith, west 
London, on November 16. 
Youngest of six children. 
Attended Swaffieid primary 
school, Wandsworth and Old 
Hall boarding school, Sussex. 
1970: Started boxing at the age of 
nine with Wandsworth Boys 

I960: Boxed tor Young England, 
won London ABA title. 
Became the youngest ABA 
heavyweight champion. 

1982: Turned professional under 
manager Terry Lawless. 

1984: Bruno’s only professional 
defeat at the hands of James 
1 B on ecru she r" Smith. 

1985: Became European champion 
(relinquished In 1986 to 
concentrate on his world 
championship challenge). 

you a lonely person. You have to be. 
You have to sacrifice a lot of things 
other people expect” 

If Frank Bruno fails in his bid for 
the title on Sunday, knowing as he 
does that he is carrying such a 
burden of national hope as well as 
business interests on his shoulders, 
he wifi feel even lonelier. One thing 
is certain: if he loses he will try 
again, because mentally and physi- 
cally he is programmed for nothing 
else. And if he wins, an even worse 
pressure will be only just beginning 
— real show-business. 

1986: Knocked out Game Coetzee in 
first round to become main 
contender for world title 

Bel Mooney 

@rnm« Newspeperc Lfci, 1888 

Swing with tfie in-crowd 
down in Cannes. 

Hustling for a living - who’s 
who in MediaJand. 


Facing up to summer: 
Christopher Lambert in a suit; 
Ismail Merchant-in fhe kitchen; 
the ELLEteam in India! 






rw'l c 

VW®- Ulggf iii mini | 

Special treatment - the 
summer skin programme. 

■ < i 



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A sub-continent of style and 
hot ideas. 


The fine art of 

making money 

Richard Luce, the Arts Minis- 
ter, will be at the Festival Hall 

tomorrow sounding the fog- 
horn for the benefit of the 

horn for the benefit of the 
press to launch the Museums 
Roadshow, which is open to 
the public this weekend. 

It is all thanks to marketing 
expert Hilary Blume who has 
persuaded 21 museums, from 
the august British to the 
foghorn-supplying Aberdeen 
Maritime, to shake off their 
inhibitions. But the Arts 
Minister's presence hints at 
the big business objective 
behind the hilarity. 

The BM is supplying a 
travelling mint, the V & A a 
traditional Punch and Judy 
Show, Tyne and Wear Muse- 
ums some armour: Sam 
Wanamaker’s Bear Garden ns 
Shakespearean strolling play- 
ers and York’s Castle Museum 
an apple peeler. An Iron Age 
loom is coming from the 
Homiman. There wifi also be 
a horse-drawn bus to the 
South Bank from Waterloo 

And there will not be a glass 
case in sight. Visitors will be 
able to* make corn dollies, 
dress up in histone costume, 
appear on video television, eat 
Woolton pie. be photographed 
inside a bubble - and go to the 
souvenir shop. 

phoned by the South East 
Area Museums Service about 
trading m museums”, says 
Blume. “As we got nearer to 
the problem we thought, 
‘What museums need is some- 
body to market museums'.” 
The roadshow idea was boro 
— with the museums going on 
the road to London's South 

Blume is director of the 
Chanties Advisory Trust, 
which helps chanties to make 
money. She found that 60 per 
cent of museum shops id 
Britain were trading at a loss. 

“I'd like to see a shop' in 
Covent Garden as a museum 
shop, like the National Trust 
shops: We could take the stock ! 
from all the different muse- j 
urns and make a marvellous ; 
centre. It would help the 
museums, providing a race to 
the world, encourage people to 
go to museums and appeal: to 
tourists," she says. 

To help museums set about 

It is difficult to interpret 
that as anything other than 
an admission of something 
Israel has long denied — that 
Shin Bet habitually uses 
tough methods in what Mr 
Yitzhak Rabin, the Defence 
Minister, describes as the 
“war against terrorism”, 

A small group of lawyers in 
Israel who specialize in the 
defence of Palestinians claim 
that every prisoner is badly 
treated during interrogation 
and that about a third of them 
suffer some form of torture. 

There are only three Jew- 
ish lawyers — all women — 
wfaq do this kind of work' 
along with about 20 Palestin- 
ians and 20 Arab Israelis. 
They tend to be branded by 
the authorities as radical . 
anti-Zionists, politically moti- 
vated against the state. The. 
same accusations are levelled 
at the radical groups which 
collect and publish allega- 
tions of torture. 

One such group is the 
Alternative Information Cen- 
tre, formed 18 months age by 
a group of Palestinians and 
radical Jewish and Arab Is- 
raelis with the aim of publish- 
ing regular information about 

hooded, and left without food 
or sleep fir days on end. The 
interrogation often begins 
only after the isolation bs 
destroyed their morale. 

President Herzog, justify- 
ing his decision to ptodon 
those involved in the recent 
deaths, boasted that Shin Bet . 
had uncovered 320 terrorist 
groups last year and, so fav 
had intercepted 255 terrorist 
■missions this year. . - 

Mr Rajoub says that con- 
fessions flow easily under 
Shin Bet interrogation. He 
remembers how his confident . 
interrogator last November 
told him a story. 

It was about a competition 

between agen ts from the CIA, 

M15, the KGBawkShm Bei. . j 
Each agent was taken to r a JCf 
field where a gazeUe was 
released and he was toUL to 
catch it as quickly as possible. 

The OLA man brought his 
back in half an hour. It took 
MI5 six hours and the KGB a 
whole day.Twodayslater the 
SMnBet man returned with a ■' 
rabbit “That’s nota gazelle”, 
the others complaint. ■ 

“Oh yes ills", the Shia Bet 
man replied. “Yon lost as* 
the rabbit”. . - 

ShfiS?* 200 

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give jusi the kind of advice 
needed to run shops in muse- 
ums at a profi l 
"G ood trad mg is becoming 
crucial to them”, she says. 


1 Increase byaddition 

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6 Energy (6> 

7 Building extension 
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On wilder shores 
of Irish letters 

J : P. Donleavy was bora 
m Brooklyn but, as toe 
result of some strange 
... ««* leap, he- writes 

«ke an Irishman - toemelod- 
ic cadences, the plangent vow- 
e (s. the slight air of fustian, are 
all. here. It is English set to 
S™2 C be heard as much m 
Wilde as in Yeats), a potent 
lorm or subversion that 
_ an the oppressive “sense” out 
of an oppressor's language. In 
Donleavy's case that style 
rarely errs on the side of 
precision and. like many nov- 
elists, when he is not in the 
company of his characters he 
is happy to slide into a r\kn^ 
circuitous, hypnotic mono- 
logue. And so it is that 
J.P. Donleavy's Ireland is part 
autobiography and part cul- 
tural travelogue, an account of 
his own growth as a writer, 
which might also pa« as a 
Baedeker for some of the 
wilder aspects of Irish life. 

Donleavy may have been 
born in America, but his 
parents were Irish: you can tell 
it from their photographs 
here, in feces that seem to 
have been beaten or weath- 
ered into shape. His first sight 
of the country itself however, 
came in the cinema, when he 
saw Liam O’Faberty’s The 
Informer. So Donleavy’s Ire- 
land was an Ireland of the 
spirit and of the imagination, 
something only heard of, 
“something which exists, un- 
touchable and unknown.” For 
most Irish Americans; of 
course, this is precisely what it 
remains; hence their lachry- 
mose and ultimately repellent 
nostalgie de la boue. But 
Donleavy wanted the real 
thing. And where most of his 
“creative” contemporaries 
migrated to Paris or to Lon- 
don, hoping to rival Fitzgerald 
or Eliot with their exilic 
imaginations, in 1946 
Donleavy flew across the At- 
lantic, only to arrive at Shan- 
non and enrol as a student at 
Trinity College, Dublin. 

Of course Dublin is essen- 
tially a fictional city, finding 
its terrible birth in Swift, its 
dreamy adolescence in YeaU, 
and its full-blown maturity in 

Peter Ackroyd 
on the mental 
geography of 
the green and 
island of sighs 

In All Her Sins and in 
Some of Her Graces 
By J-P- Donleavy 
Michael Joseph, £12.95 

Joyce. By the lime Donleavy 
arrived it had become — in his 
imagination — a slightly tired 
old party, raddled, obstreper- 
ous, haying at the edges; but 
still capable of having a good 
lime, and with an unsuspected 
capacity for tenderness. This 
is the city that he has since 
recreated in his novels— a 
place of “charming chancers”, 
of con-men and drunkards, of 
medical students inhaling 
their first borrowed cigarette 
in a dusty coffee-house, and of 
horsey Anglo-Irish ladies sit- 
ting down to luncheon in the 
Shelboume Hotel. If nothing 
else. J.P. Donleavy's Ireland 
marks the sources for some of 
the more outrageous stories 
and incidents in his first 
novel. The Ginger Man — 
although, given the innate 
Irishness of his imagination, it 
is conceivable that the fiction- 
al events have simply been 
given a new lease of life by 
being at last assigned to the 
real world. 

The distinction is not an 
important one, however; 
Donleavy’s writing is all of a 
piece: There is nobody quite 
like him for creating a mood 
of unforced gaiety mid blithe 
insouciance: his A Fairy Tale 
of New York is one of the 
funniest novels of recent 
times; and for the purposes of 
this apparently more factual 
book he has reapplied his ear 

for com ic dialogue and his eye 
for significant detail, h would 
be hard to find another narra- 
tive that so evokes the look 
and the feci of Ireland, with 
“the first browny green sight 
of those small meandering 
fields clustered about some 
white tiny cottage with turf 
smoke rising from its chimney 
on this windswept land that 
reached to the edge of the great 
heaving Atlantic Ocean.” 

But the gaiety and the genial 
chaos that he found here have 
their less picturesque aspects, 
also. And. as so often, Dublin 
must bear the sins of Ireland: 
despite its ritual obeisances to 
the saints and scholars, you 
would come away from 
Donleavy s Ireland with the 
impression of a city where the 
reigning household gods are 
Mars and Bacchus rather than 
some more polite deities. 

he young Donleavy 
seems to have spent 


his time lamely in 
drinking and fighting 
along with everyone else; but 
if in his case these activities 
sprang from high spirits, for 
his Irish contemporaries they 
were only the most obvious 
manifestations of their frus- 
tration and despair. But, in the 
process of describing this, 
Donleavy has bit upon a 
curious truth of Irish life: this, 
most witty and civilized of 
races can also become one of 
the most savage and the most 
erotic. Jn the shadow of the 
Church, they are seen to 
couple furtively, blindly, like 
animals. But of this comes 
guilt as well as sadness; and 
Dublin can be a treacherous, 
rancorous city: “Alleyways 
whispering out their sad sor- 
rows of cold embraces. Pub 
walls repeating all their tales. 
The calumny, backbiting, and 
lies that begrudgers spoke”. 

And this is the other side of 
Ireland itself, expressed in The 
Ginger Man through Sebas- 
tian Dangerfield's desire to 
“get out of this god damn 
country which 1 hate with all 
my blood and which has 
ruined me.” This is the Ire- 
land that has been reared out 

of poverty and misery — pre- 
cisely the Ireland which 
Donleavy’s parents fled, but 
which he had to discover for 
himself. As a young man he 
had travelled to an imaginary 
country, but bis vague myths 
were soon impaled upon the 
“narrow-minded, bigoted and 
bitterly resentful ways” of its 
real people. 

It isa tribute to his imagina- 
tive honesty that this anger is 
embedded m a narrative that 

could so easily have turned 
into a self-indulgent fantasy. 
But, as its subtitle suggests, 
this is a book designed to 
evoke the “sins” as well as the 
“graces” of the country — just 
as. in Donleavy's novels, the 
gaiety consorts with the sav- 
agery, the poverty and mean- 
ness are to be seen within the 
broad ambience of a cheerful 
and almost visionary humour. 
He is an important writer 
because he can an out the 

fantasy at the same time as he 
sees the truth — and because 
he realizes that they need each 

Donleavy left Ireland after 
seven years; but he could not 
stay away. He kept on coming 
back and then, in 1967, he 
returned for life. He was 
coming home — at least com- 
ing home to himself for. as he 
says here. “Ireland was a slate 
of mind I now carried with me 
where’er one might go.” 

Gough Whitlam was leader of 
the Australian Labor Party for 
eleven years, and Prime Min- 
ister of Australia for three, 
from 1972 to 1975. These 
years were among the most 
exciting in Canberra’s history. 
It is easy to see why. When 
Whitlam cameto power. La- 
bor-through quarrels that 
led to a split in the party — 
had been out of office for 23 
years. The long reign of the 
Liberal Party was due almost 
entirely to the mighty figure of 
Robert Menzies, who gave the 
country what it loved most 
stability and moderation, a 
touch of paternalism, no cause 
to worry, and no reason to 
think. A couple of pale shad- 
ows followed him. and gradu- 
ally it became obvious that the 
tired old Liberals needed a 
rest, and the time was right to 
give Labor a whirl. 

Not surprisingly, the Labor 
Party was hungry and ready 
for power. There was much to 
do, and Whitlam lost no lime. 
He and his able but inexperi- 
enced ministers went on a 
binge- Radical reforms and 
progressive ideas swirled out 
of Canberra. It was beady 
stuff; and it all ended in tears. 
On U November 1975, 
Gough Whitlam and his gov- 
ernment were sacked by tite 
then Governor-General. Sir 
John Kerr. The circumstance 
surrounding this extraordi- 
nary event have been written 
about endlessly, and even 

Radical adventure 
Down Under 

Linda Christmas 

By Gough Whitlam 

Viking. £17.95 

made into a televirion series 
shown here last year. With so 
much, emphasis on Whitlam ’s 
dismissal, the aspirations and 
achievements of his three 
years in office have been 

It was inevitable, then, that 
Whitlam would write this 
book. It is a detailed record of 
what was attempted in those 
years and why, it is a welcome 
and necessary reference work 
for students of Australia. But 
with a little more effort on the 
part of the author and the 
publisher, it could have had 
wider appeal. It is an effort to 
read. It is dully presented — 
even the cover is an 
unappetising slate-grey, kan- 
garoo colour — and it is dully 
written with many a sentence 
both clumsy and verbose. 

I opened the book with 
much enthusiasm, egged on by 

the publisher’s blurb, which 
states: “Whitlam paints a 
broad and illuminting canvas 
of Australia as it was. as it has 
become, and as it yet might 
be.” He doesn’t. The “As it 
was” — the history — is 
skimpy. The difficulty Austra- 
lia had in the early years in 
attracting immigrants is dis- 
missed in one sentence: “The 
penal colony feature of the 
nations development discour- 
aged most Europeans from 
embarking upon migration.” 
And other historical sections 
(on women, for example) are 
merely a litany of previous 

it the book does - and 
does well — is paint a picture, 
under headings lifted from 
Cabinet portfolios (education, 
aborignes. transport, housing, 
and so on) of the policies of a 
Prime Minister who was an 
innovative thinker and a man 
of virion, and of a Govern- 
ment that had real plans for 
Australia. Some were grand, 
like the attempts to borrow 
millions of dollars of Arab 
money to fund a dream to buy 
Australia back from the grip of 
foreign investors. Others were 
less grand and rather meddle- 
some. like the Commission to 

explore the whole area of 
Human Relationships, 

This is hardly an objective 
book. There is much self- 
justification and special plead- 
ing, and some revealing 
sniping at opponents. Whit- 
lam is inordinately proud of 
being an educated and cul- 
tured man, and was obviously 
delighted to discover that 
when Malcom Fraser, the man 
who ousted him, got The 
Lodge, he turned the music 
room into a spare toilet. There 
is also the barely veiled sug- 
gestion that one of the reasons 
why Rupert Murdoch’s news- 
papers turned against him 
(having supported him in the 
beginning} was that Murdoch 
was disappointed not to have 
been appointed High Com- 
missioner to London. 

Although this book is not 
about the dismissal (Whitlam 
has written about that in The 
Truth of the Matter), there is 
plenty of room in 700 pages 
for whitlam to restate that tite 
events of November 1975 
were a political crisis, which 
he should have been left alone 
to solve, and that they should 
not have been turned into a 
constitutional crisis by the 
Establishment out to remove 

All this may well be true. 
But it doesn’t answer the feet 
that in an election held a fews 
weeks after the dismissal, it 
was the voters who finally 
turned hire out 


wearies. . . I finished this 
selection of some 200 
dreams feeling 
marvellously relaxed. 

■J. G. Ballard, Guardian 


ages and many cut bxres - 

from Aristotle aid 

lifegnerand Natiiarad 
West - some ofvrftichare 
translated into English for 
the first time, with every 
pieaepat in its literary ana 
historical context, this e a 

hugely entertaining work of 
some of the most bizarre- 

TAfeD done . . . Ahnansi and 
B^gurn divide theft 1 sections 
into Ins ti n cti ve Dreams, 
Realistic Dreams, Symbolic 
Dreams, Fantastic Dreams 
An example of Realistic 

Dreams is that described by 
Abraham Lincoln to Ward 
Hill Lamon in eariy April, 
1865. Lincoln saw people 

wot: a catafalque m 
the White House round 
which soldiers stood guard. 
president. He was kiBed by 
an assassin!' Lincoln 
himself was murdered on 
the 14th of the same month' 

Anthony Powell. Daily 

As the immense richness of 
the dreams in this excellent 
collection demonstrates, no 

theory ever seems likely to 

safaris on whidi each of us 
sets out every night across 
die width of our heads. 

/ G. Ballard, Guardian 

400 pages 


Jn bookshops now 


Taking a mallet 
to Gandhi’s halo 

At almost every level this is a 
disappointing book. To begin 
with its title suggests an 
expos& of Gandhi; instead he 
only features, in any sub- 
stance, in part four. Then, the 
portrait that emerges is nei- 
ther new nor revealing. Its 
hallmark, if the term is appro- 
priate, is its bias against the 
man. The tone is often sneer- 
ing, the interpretation crude, 
and the attempt to understand 
the Mahatma’s philosophy of 
foibles is shallow. 

For instance, Gandhi's 
“Saiyagraha" is glibly de- 
scribed as “non-violent reli- 
gious terrorism", without any 
attempt lo justify the termin- 
ology. Elsewhere the philoso- 
phy of Krishna from the 
Bhagavadgita, from which 
Gandhi derived much of his 
own thinking, is peremptorily 
dismissed as “a formula for 
the dehumanization of man”. 
And the entire history of 
Gandhi and the R^j is present- 
ed as a conspiracy between 
succesive Viceroys and the 
Mahatma to prop up the 
conservatism of the latter. It's 
not even eleven so how could 
it be convincing. 

Of course, there is much of 
the Mahatma that nos myth. 
But almost 40 years later 
most, if noi all of it has been 
exposed. Gandhi's attitude to . 

Karan Thapar 

The British and the Raj 
By Michael Edwardes 

Constable. £12.95 

was obscurantist even in bis 
own time, and his leading 
contemporaries were barely 
tolerant of it His obsession 
with his libido was frequently 
embarrassing; but Gandhi 
never hid it. His autobiogra- 
phy is still the best source of 
reference for digging it up. 
Even Gandhi’s failures in 
South Africa are well known. 
No doubt Mr Edwardes is 
right in pointing out that 
Attenborough’s Gandki ig- 
nored them; but that is not a 
good excuse for a bad book 
about the subject. 

Although it purports to be 
about Gandhi, for the most 
part this is a pedestrian, at 
limes ponderous, history of 
the Raj. Its account of the 
development of the Empire is 
correct but not illuminating. 
Only the 24 illustrations are 
interesting, although the cap- 
tions are carelessly inaccurate: 
for instance, Fatima was 
Jinnah's sister, not his 


Once upon a time 
... for feminists 

There was once a cartoon that 
showed a troabadoor ascend- 
ing a tower by means of his 
ladylove's hair. Climbing 
through the window be discov- 
ers the long blonde tresses 
have sprouted not from his 
maiden's bead bnt her chin. 

Roughly the same expres- 
sion will contort the features of 
Che gallant reader who picks 
np Jack Zipes's edition of 
contemporary feminist Bury 
tales. Not in reaction to the 
tales; bnt to the essays that 
accompany them. 

Significantly, these essays 
are penned by other hands 
than the fairy-tale aathors*. 
The noble exception is Profes- 
sor Zipes. It is be, the only 
man around, who explains that 
feminist fairy tales are a 
critique of the male viewpoint 
that has dangerously influ- 
enced chQdren in their concep- 
tion and expectations of the 
world. For small boys. Little 
Red Riding Hood instils the 
impression that all women 
wish to be raped. For little 
girls, the moral to be drawn 
from Steeping Beauty is that 
beauty is their most valuable 
asset, marriage their only 
prize, and passivity the best 
means of attaining it. 

To Professor Zipes’s aid 
come a swarm of literal- 
minded American academics, 
whose experience has shown 
that marriage is no prize bnt a 
punishment, and that step- 
mothers can be nice- 

Apart from Zipes’s own 
contribution, the (ales them- 
selves are provocative, witty, 
and entertaining, with distin- 
guished contributions from 
Angela Carter, Maragert 
Atwood, and Tanhh Lee. Tra- 
ditional motifs and plots are 
employed, only to be subvert- 
ed, so that what is oa offer is 
neither escape nor a moral 
cade bnt pnmpkin-like reality. 
In one, the Prince marries dm 
the Princess bnt the Witch — 
a pretty girl with a bat called 
Basfl. In another, Cinderella 
refoses the Prince, pretending 
the slipper is too tight. 

Antony Lamhtoa's second 
novel also tampers with the 
fairy-tale. Inspired by an auto- 
biographical fragment of tin 
German poet, Heine, this ath- 
letic footnote tells of a young 
executioner's daughter who 
dreams raoonfly of love and 
eventually finds ft in Heine's 

Lambtou writes with great 
confidence hot with tittle econ- 
omy or tightness of tooch. (His 
characters are fed not on sugar 
and spice, bet on Goethe and 
Hegel.) Hijacking a familiar 
literary form at some length, 
be does not quite know where 
to take ft. There is also an 
irritatingly knowledgeable 
tone that seeps through the 
false simplicity — the tone of 
someone who knows from 
cvnerience that a girl who goes 




By Jack Zipes 

Gower. £17-50 

By Antony Lambtou 
Quartet. £9.95 
By Roger Moss 
Collins. £10.95 
By Colin Mackay 
Canongate. £9.95 

round kissing frogs is likdy to 
contract swamp fever. 

Some of it teeters from the 
Gothic to the ludicrous. Port 
coiaun omae animal triste est, 
says Heine dramatically after 
their first night together. 
When Odd what this means, 
the heroine remarks, “Yes, 
I’ve noticed that’s the case 
with dogs and deer, ft is not so 
with me.” 

More profitable proof of the 
fairy-tale's endurance is to be 
found in two first novels. The 
Game of the Pink Pagoda , by 

loss, a teacher at 
Essex University, is a work of 
conscious literary trickery. 
Clever (sometimes too much 
so), and written with a fine 
ability to impersonate a range 
of differing styles, it invites the 
reader to witness — and , more 
archly, participate in — a se- 
ries of permatations involving 
the same set pieces. A pink 
pagoda in a wood, the owner of 

the big house, the owner of 
nearby quarries, the beautiful 
woman, and so on. 

Each chapter tells a com- 
pletely different tale until it 
becomes Clear the_ game is 
really a demonstration of the 
fictional process itself, and 
that the Pink Pagoda is merely 
the pea on which any number 
of separate mattresses u»y 
rest The result is an exercise 

in bow fiction works more than 

a sncceisfiil work of fiction. 

No such problem troubles 
The Song of the Forest . Set in a 
medieval Scottish gfen,tiKmgh 
parity inspired by Jewish 
legend, the novel is a lyrical 
delight, and is written in die 
swathing rhythms of its 
villagers* scythes. Following 
the magic mMns used by a 
email community to ward off a 
plundering hand, it also cap- 
tures their vernacular earthT 
n fft and respect for nature. 
And this at a time when a 
squirrel could travel the 
branches from Caithness to 
Cornwall without ever touch- 
ing the gromd. i 

American dreams 
at the courts 
of Henry I and II 

Robert Lacey’s latest block- 
buster is dedicated to his 
agent, and quite right too. For 
it was be who suggested, 
following two previous 
bestsellers involving royalty, 
money, and power in Britain 
(Majesty) and Saudi Arabia 
(The Kingdom), that Lacey 
should jump continents again 
to find the same profitable 
combination of ingredients 
among one of America’s impe- 
rial dynasties. Due partly to 
the great wealth of the Ford 
archives, partly to the aston- 
ishing openness of practically 
every living member of the 
clan, the Fords turn out to 
provide the best subject yet for 
his particular talent. 

As an historian turned jour- 
nalist, he is able to combine 
the methods of Insight investi- 
gation with an impeccable 
respect for toe written sources. 
Both the breadth of his re- 
search and the 200-odd inter- 
views he conducted compel 
unstinting admiration. Yet the 
book is not, as it so easily 
might have been, just a piling 
up of facts laced with gossip. It 
is vividly written, in a racy but 
economical style that only 
occasionally lapses into cliche. 
The large and crowded canvas 
is managed with skili and 
perspective; and Lacey's 
judgements are shrewd, hu- 
mane. and fair. It is a triumph 
of popular scholarship. 

It is really two books, for toe 
first 400 pages are essentially a 
biography of Henry Ford I, 
while the last third is toe 
subsequent history of the 
company under his grandson 
Henry IL The tatter is for the 
most part an unedifying story, 
in which oral sources inevita- 
bly come to predominate — 
everybody involved in the 
power struggles of Henry n 
and Lee lacocca seems to be 
for ever either "kicking ass” or 
“sucking ass”. But this is like 
the tawdry sequel to a clastic 
film. Lacey’s best writing, and 
the bulk of the bode, is 
devoted to the epic of Henry 1. 

No one better embodies the 
contradictions of the Ameri- 
can dream than Henry Ford. 
On the one hand he was the 
country boy who liked tinker- 
ing with farm machines, the 
democratic genius who popu- 
larized a rich man's toy by 
putting it within the reach of 
every American, the benevo- 
lent employer, and toe folksy 
idealist who used his status as 
an American hero to preach 
his personal gospel of self- 
reliance, fair dealing, and 
dean living across the nation. 
On the other hand it was the 
mass ownership of motor cars, 
more than anything else, that 
destroyed the old rural Ameri- 
ca he cherished; while his 
invention of the production 
line enslaved more thoroughly 
than ever before all those free 
Americans to whom he ad- 
dressed his sermons. In the 
hungry Thirties Fond fought 
the unions more unscrupu- 
lously than anyone. In truth, 
in his private life and his 
business ethics alike, old Hen- 

JoluQ Campbell 

The Men and 
the Machine 
By Robert Lacey 
Heinemnnn. £15 

ry was very far from the 
upright paternalist of the pop- 
ular imagination. He was an 
unfaithful husband, a pecu- 
liarly cruel father to his only 
son, a ruthlessly hypocritical 
manipulator of his own ad- 
vantage; and he ran his busi- 
ness as ah arbitrary, jealous, 
and often crack-brained 

Lacey splendidly demythoi- 
ogizes Ford without denying 
toe quirky genius that ensured 
that even when his sins and 
inconsistencies were exposed, 
his hold on the American 
imagination remained unbro- 
ken. The chapter in which he 
traces the roots of Ford's 
homespun philosophy, adapt- 
ed from Emerson to fit his 
own prejudices, is especially 
good. But equally brilliant is 
his account of the means by 
which Ford forced down the 
value of his own company's 
shares in order to do down his 
partners and acquire sole con- 
trol as cheaply as possible. 
Even to the reader with no 
previous understanding of ei- 
ther business or cars, Lacey 
presents the ingenious con- 
trivances of Ford’s devious 
mind with an appalling 

As easy as sentimentalizing 
Henry I would have been to 
take a hatchet to Henry II. In 
feet Lacey is as fair to young 
Henry’s rescue of the compa- 
ny after the war, before bis 
decline into alcoholism and 
the divorce court, as he is 
dear-sighted about his grand- 
father. Yet the contrast be- 
tween the generations points 
an inescapable commentary 
on the corruption of American 
innocence. Old Henry was a 
devil, but he was an authentic 
hero. He had fine ideals, even 
if he counldn't live up to 
them. His progeny are just 
another rich, spoilt, feuding 
dynasty, straight out of Dallas. 
As he put it in his individual, 
unlettered spelling; “Money 
the Root of all EvaL" But he 
made it for them. 

foyles art gallery 





10-6 dnb until 23 Juty 

1 13-1 18 Charing Crow Road 


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Queen and Commonwealth: constitutional clash and the political reality 

C enain ( abmet ministers told the 
press on Tuesday thev feared a 
head-on onstitutional clash be- 
tween the Pnme Minister and the 
Queen over sanctions on South 

End this 

They did what t hey oughtn't 
The sovereign is under a constitu- 
tional duty to accept the advice ot 
her ministers tendered through her 


b> J. Enoch Powell 

whollv independent and 
acknowledging a different head of 
state were nevertheless in even 
respect members of the single 
category of “British subjects" 
possessing within the 1 nited 
Kingdom the rights that attach to 
that categorv 

chief minister so long as they 
command her confidence — so 

command her confidence — so 
long, that is as they command a 
majority in Parliament That being 
so it is a gross breach of a privy 
councillors dutv to attribute to the 
sovereign personal opinions at 
variance with the advice of her 
pnme minister or worse still to 
suggest that the sovereign might 
not accept that advice constitu- 
tionallv offered 

fhe situation is in no way 
affected b> the title “Head ot the 
C ommonweaith " which, against 
my protest was attached b> Par- 
liament in 195T to the ( rown ot 
the I nited kingdom There is no 
function corresponding to that 
title which the monarch can 
constituunallv perform, for one 
very simple and conclusive reason 
Then? is no constitutional source 
of advice to the sovereign as 
“Head of the C ommonweaith “ 
because as such she has no 
responsible ministers on whose 
adv ice to act 

In those ( ommonweaith coun- 
tries ot which she is the sovereign 
she or her representative acts in 
respect of those countries on the 
advice of their ministers In the 
republics or a country like Malay- 
sia which has its own monarch 
she has bv definition no function 
and receives no constitutional 

The Queen I am sure under- 
stands the constitutional position 
fullv and would not contemplate 
acting other than constitutionally 
We have wronged her and our- 
selves bv constructing the pre- 
tence of a political entity, the 
( ommonweaith and acting as if it 
realty existed 

No amount of talk and pretence 
will make it reality Unfortunately 
in the course of talking and 
pretending, the sovereign states 
can harm themselves in the real 
exercise of real power That is the 
nature of the self-punishment 
which Britain inflicted on itself by 
maintaining m its law the assertion 
that citizens of other countries. 

I he consequences of that monu- 
mental humbug belong m this 
country- to the realm of reality 
Ihirry years of contention and 
legislation have been powerless to 
prevent or reverse them 

As Head of the ( ommonweaith 
the Queen occupies a unique and 
largelv untested position She is 
not subject to the restraints ot 
ministerial “advice" since the 
( ommonweaith is not a super- 
state with ministers and all the 
apparatus ot government I ike the 
IN it is a loose association of 
sovereign states 



racism means above all hostility to. 
racism practised bv white people 
Needless to sav this, involves a 
good deal of yversunphfication 

S ’ 

and some bxpcxrisy but at the 
nrt^Tit stage of histdFv : it as 

b> John Grigg 

present stage of histQFv : it as 
omprehensible and should am 
wav be accepted as inevitable • 

I he Queen has an independent 
le m the C ommonweaith if one 

W hat we can still do is to escape 
at long last from the constitutional 
fiction which we once grasped to. 
ease our transition from the capital 
of a worldwide empire to a nation 
state alongside other nation states 
but which having .produced so 
much havoc here at home has 
turned into an instrument for 
external duress to be brought to 
bear on our own political 

Above ail, I do not believe the 
people of Britain want to see our 
constitutional monarchy the 
“eternal jewel” with which our 
political liberties are bound up 

brought into danger or contention 
bv the deceptive device once 

bv the deceptive device once 
adopted soTll-advisedly so many 
vears ago for a purpose that is past 

Nwrapapora, 1986 

Jhe luthor \ liver L niomst MP tor 
Sou/* Dt h*i 

role in the C ommonweaith if one 
that has to be exercised with due 
care One of the ways m which the 
t ommonweaith differs from the 
l \ is, precisely that it has an 
accepted titular head, to whom all 
its members look with affection 
and respect It is a remarkable fed 
that the Head of Commonwealth 
should also be hereditary sov- 
ereign of the former imperial 
overlord nation Britain It is a 
privilege for us as well as for her 
which only the very gravest na- 
tional interest would justify our 
putting at risk 

To all its members the 
< ommonweaith offers what a 
former pnme minister of New 
Zealand called “Independence 
plus” I o all of them Bntam 
included, it gives some enhance- 
ment of status, while also provid- 
ing a framework within which 
useful work can be done 

lor Bntam as the cultural 
metropolis of the group — as 

Trance is ot the french comma 
riUv — it has manv hidden adv an 
tflges analogous to invisible 
exports in the economic sphere 
But it has also proved an asset in 
the most overt and palpable form 
as when all ( ommonweaith' coun- 
tries, without exception gave us 
moral support durmg the Falk 
lands cnsis That support was 
mobilized bv the C ommonweaith 
secretary-general Sir Shndath 

The Queens ambiguous status 
is a considerable compliment to 
us and something of which we 
should be proud If the l ommon 
wealth were to disintegrate and 
the Queen were therefore to cease 
to be head of it Britain would 
suffer in the eves of the world and 
probably also m material terras 

I he key issue in the ( ommon 
wealth is of course race — for 
reasons that anyone with a modi 
cum of historical sense or sensibil- 
ity should readily understand In 
practice for the time being, anti 

>\e do not know exactly what 
the Queen s views sue on the issue 
of sanctions against South Africa 
though there are plenty of- 
inspired" rumours But if fte 
feels that a compromise sbpukTbe 
sought — perhaps on the hues 
indicated bv Ramphai -r she* is. 

entitled to make her views known ■ 

Moreover if she were to do so 
publicly she would also be quite 
within her rights though-dy 
would be wise to refrain jrom 
mentioning any particular govern ; 
ment bv name C ertamlv in . what, 
she hooses to sav aboiit the. ^ 
< ommonweaith as such she is not 
bound bv the “adv ice” of her l K 
■ministers - 

I he power of an idea or even Of . 
a heterogeneous group like. ^the 
C ommonwealth is not ; to ".be " 
measured solely bv reference to the- 
usual indices of power Stahn is- 
generallv thought to have been 
rather silty when he asked hpw 
manv divisions the Pope had 
Questions ot that sort should: hot 
be asked about the Common;/ 
‘ wealth • ; 

PVx : ’ v " 

- V n 

. v : : :? 7 

— ■ n* » 

Suppose a package of mandatory 
sanctions were the only way of 
keeping the ( ommonweaith to- 
gether and Mrs rhatcher were the 
odd one out 9 W hen this question 
was pnt to her recently on tele- 
vision. she replied: “Bet if I were 
the odd one ont and I were right, 
that wouldn't matter, would it?" 

Iliis answer was seized on with 
relish by the kind of opinion which 
describes itself as radical; it 
proved the Prime Minister to be 
blinkered and arrogant. So let ns 
invert bo- reply to fee only other 
logical response she could have 
given. Imagine she had said: “If I 
were fee odd one out, then I should 
hare to subordinate my own 
judgement to that id 1 fee Common- 
wealth majority, even though, 
having beard ail the arguments, I 
remained convinced feat 1 was 

This would mean feat the 
democratically elected head of fee 
British government, despite the 
support of fee parliamentary 
majority, should go against her 

own better judgement, and delib- 
erately risk all fee adverse con- 
sequences she foresees from 
sanctions for fee sake of bolding 
the C ommonweaith together We 
must therefore now face fee ques- 
tion. is the ( ommonweaith worth 
such a sacrifice of principle by 
British representative govern- 
ment 9 

fhe political case against sanc- 
tions rests partly on fee harm to 
blacks who would lose their liveli- 
hood and on the economic retali- 
ation by South Africa which would 
harm the popnlations of 
neighbouring states. But worst of 
all, sanctions would stiffen Pre- 
toria against negotiations since fee 
principal advocates of sanctions 
make it dear that their purpose is 
to produce a unitary state with 
universal suffrage, in which the 
African National Congress might 
become permanently dominant 

rhe 4 £ milium whites could not 
accept such a solution, which 
would risk the end of the advanced 
society they have constructed. 

Ultimate sacrifice, 
but for what? 

Prey would resist Many cm the 
left would probably embrace the 
ensuing carnage fatalistically as 
the necessary price to be paid for 
their ideologically preferred solu- 
tion. But a peaceful outcome 
requires some kind of federal or 
confederal solution and negotia- 
tions to that end would be more 
acceptable by Pretoria if fee threat 
of sanctions were removed. 

let regardless of the dangers, 
should sanctions be accepted to 
preserve the Commonwealth? De- 
spite nightly indoctrination by 
television that fee angels are on 
fee Commonwealth’s side over 
sanctions, there is little sign (at 
least if MPs' postbags is evidence) 
that public opinion thinks so. Of 

course, fee Commonwealth is use- 
ful in preserving old Inks (with aid 
and trade) between advanced and 
the new states, creating a special 
bridge between the latter and 
Western d em oc ra cies. 

But its number of 

one-party states, military dictator- 
ships and personal regimes hardly 
supp orts the theory that the 
f ommonweaith actively promotes 
democratic principles. Nor does 
the use of fee bludgeon by the 
majority to get its way. There is a 
stark contrast wife fee European 
( o mra unity of representative 
democracies wind move forward 
only by gen sine agreements or 
agreements to differ, and withort 
threats to pull ont 

Britain now faces expedient 
pressure for gesture-sanc tions b y 
white Commonwealth countries 
who would hardly be affected by 
sanctions of any sort. More dan- 

gerously, there are the demands 
for trade or general sanctions by 
Mack countries which either refose 
to see fee damage of sanctions to 
feeir own peoples, or are content to 
pay this price for the chaos they 
hope to see in Sooth Africa as 
blacks without a livelihood are 
driven to more unrest, provoking 
further repression which .would 
then become fee basis for demands 
for direct intervention. Any pro- 
gramme of progressive sanctions 
would place ns on a dangerous 

Stephen Axis visits Northfield, where unemployment is moving up the social scale 

Tory faith surviving the blight 

Northfield in Birmingham does 
not look like a depressed area The 
workmen s cottages around what 
was once was a prosperous naii- 
makmg village have been con- 
verted and the gardens on either 
side ot the Worcester road that 
slices through the constituency are 
neat and well tended 

> el Northfield is in the throes ot 
painful economic change The 
landscaped paries of nearby 
Bourn ville serve as a reminder of 
an era when businessmen such as 
the ( adburvs shaped entire 
communities But these days the 
chocolate makers like evervbodv 
else are cutting back their 
workforce in a struggle for 
commercial survival 

On the fringes of the const] t- 
uenev where suburban sprawl 
gives wav to open country there is 
visual evidence of present dis- 
content Nearby is Bl’s Long- 
bridge plant Here too m the 
gnmv housing estates put up 
during the depression to house the 
dispossessed from the inner citv 
are North field's long-term un- 

The latest figures show feat 
8 644 people II S S per cent) in 
Northfield are out of work Of 
these more than half have been 
unemployed for more than a year 
MostJv unskilled and semi-skilled, 
thev were the first to fed the 
effects of the industrial shake-up 
in the West Midlands — and they 
will be the last to experience the 
benefits ot a recovery that is 
slower and weaker than anvone 

Northfield’s contrasts make it as 
good a place as any to observe the 
effects of the Thatcher vears not 
least within her own party The 
question is whether at grassroot 
level the opinion polls are right 
and that Tones faith in govern- 
ment policies has been shaken 

l nemplovment has never been 
a major election issue in 
Northfield The Tones first won it 
in 19 9 9 when the late Jocelyn 
( adburv ov erturned an 8 *>29 
Labour majority to win bv the 
narrowest of margins 204 votes 
< adbury was a popular and effec- 
tive MP on the liberal wing of the 
party After his death in 1982 

panv which is pulling out of the 
cheaper end of fee market and 

cheaper end of fee market and 
Kalamazoo the constituency s 
other big employer have been 
laying off workers 

‘New firms have started up” 
says MSC official Clive Bavfond 
‘but thev are invariably very 
small no more than four or five 
people And even if they prosper it 
is going to take up to 15 vears to 
make good the losses ” 

Across Birmingham Martin 
Kennck chairman and managing 
director of Archibald Kennck. 
once a famous Birmingham metal 
business, made the same point 
more forcefully “I find it very sad 
that Whitehall still seems to 
believe that fee service industries 
will replace manufacturing” Ken- 

nck said “Thev simply cannot 
employ all those laid off ” 

Youth in waiting: 

Labour recaptured fee seat, only 
to lose it again in the 1981 general 
election The present MP Roger 
King, has a majontv of just over 
2 000 which on present trends, 
should make him very vulnerable 

but Northfieid’s factories are laying off, not taking on 

As unemployment comes ever 
closer to home it must now be 
Conservative party workers and 
their children who are among 
those losing their jobs and eco- 
nomic security How much longer 
will their loval professions - that 
there is no alternative to Tory 
rule — last 9 Surety doubts are 
beginning to creep m 9 
The shake-up in big firms like 
Cadbury Schweppes has meant 
that not only fee unskilled are 
affected middle managers, too 
are losing their jobs C adburv 
facing huge losses in the l nited 
Slates has just sacked an enure 
department of some 10 managers 
Recently I spent an evening 
talking to Conservative party 
stalwarts in Northfield It was a 
lair cross-section an accountant 
three pensioners three house- 
wives and one working woman 
The remaining four had worked 
their way up to managerial po- 
sitions They had travelled a small 
but significant distance from feeir 
working-dass origins 

They were for the most part 
children of the 1910s and ’40s 
This had coloured their opinions 
and formed feeir political atti- 
tudes There was little sympathy 
with or understanding of fee plight 
of the unemployed even when fee 
conversation turned to fee pros- 
pects now facing feeir own chil- 
dren l n employ mem is evidently 
not a solvent of Conservatism in 

Several times durmg fee eve- 
ning I was forcibly reminded that 
the onlv reason these people bad 
got where thev were was because 
thev went out and fought for it 
One man said “I left school when 
1 was IS wife no O levels My 
Father worked at British Leyiand 
putting wheels on cars But al- 
though he was not what you would 
call an educated man he was 
determined I should get a proper 
job He encouraged me to go to 
night school four nights a week 
training as an apprentice elec 
tncian ” He got a job wife one of 
Birmingham’s largest companies 
He staved 10 vears steadily 
climbing the promotion ladder 
Then a few months ago because ot 
a shortage of orders he was 

But he blames neither fee 

government nor fee company and 
has gone back to night school for a 
computer programming course in 
the hope of either finding another 
job or even starting bis own 
business “It s not shaken ray 
beliefs one bit” he said “I’ve bum 
mvself up once and I can do it 
again ” 

- There is little comfort m sight 
l nemplovment in fee West Mid- 
lands has stabilized at just under 
1 X per cent but while shops and 
offices have taken on temporary 
workers, fee number employed in 
manufacturing is still foiling. At 
BI alone fee workforce has fallen 
from a peak of 24 000 to 11 500 
Normally BI hires about 7 00 
people a vear to replace those who 
retire but so for this vear there 
have been no calls to the 
Northfield Job C entre 

During fee 1981 election cam- 
paign there was talk especially by 
local Tory MPs about a new 
industrial revolution m which fee 
old industries — engineering and 
metal bashing — would be re- 
placed bv new hi-tech ventures 
But the scale of fee “revolution" 
if u has happened at all has not 
been enough to make a dent in the 
unemployment figures Par from 
expanding, sunrise companies 
fike the Apricot computer com 

employ aft those laid off” 

The Kennck family are mem- 
bers of Birmingham's industrial 
anstocracv Thev grew neb m fee 
late Victorian boom and are 
linked bv marriage to fee great 
< hamberlain dan Their belief in 
fee v irtues of self-reliance is every 
bit as fervent as Mrs Thatchers, 
but when it comes to economic 
matters thev part company 

*Six years ago we employed 600 
people” Ken rick said “Now it’s 
down to 120 and although we are 
trading profitably we will never 
employ feat number again What 
we have to do is work out how to 
employ people in wavs they have 
not been employed before Ye 
can t consign them to the scrap 
heap Ye must encourage them to 
do something ” 

This is a message feat fee Tones 
ot Northfield are not vet ready to 
endorse Perhaps they never will 
But in that case their only hope is 
that long-term economic and 
demographic trends will come to 
their rescue 

In the next couple of vears a 
significant number of fee long- 
term unemployed will reach 
retirement age while fee number 
ol teenagers due to enter the 
labour market is dropping fest “If 
I were Mrs Thatcher” Bay ford 
said *1 would be very tempted, to 
hang on until the last possible 
moment before going to fee 



The f-alklands death toil tammal 
not human) continues to nse 
according to fee Russians Thev 
are uting a growing number of 
penguin fatalities as ev idence of 
the fact that disintegrating nuclear 
shells aboard Bnush ships sunk 
dunng fee 1982 conflict are 
contaminating this neck of fee 
South Atlantic The Moscow pa. 
per / iiemtumara O azeta has 
claimed that four Royal INavy. 
vessels which wen! down four 
years ago were earning such 
dev ices — a claim since echoed bv 
the Spanish journal ( atnbio lb 
Meanwhile \ature magazine en- 
dorses the evidence if not the 
conclusions by reporting that fee 
penguin death toll has risen 
markedly since mid-f-cbraarv On 
May 25 more than 1 000 corpses 

were found in a single rookerv on 
New Island Three batches ot 
bodies were sent to Bntam -for 
examination Preliminary results 
show starvation puffinosis —.a 
viral disease feat afflicts sea- 
birds and high lead lev els in fee 
liver and kidnevs 

Getting the drift 

ualist wav for 1 learn from 
geologists that fee islands are 
drifting towards the Japanese 
mainland at the rate of six feet 
everv ’’0 vears wife an estimated 
docking date one million vears 
hence I hesitate to guess fee ume 
span for such a tectonic solution to 
the i-alklands problem 

Yhile on fee subject of islands 
lew can be aware feat Russia and 
Japan have vet to sign a post-war 
peace treaty thev are still at 
loggerheads over Japanese de- 

ip tram an American paper's 
Thought for fee Day column. 
“Happiness is seeing your hus- 
band's old girl friend and noticing 
feat she has got fatter than you.” 


mands for fee return of E-torofu 
Kunashin Shikoian and fee 
Habomai group of islands which 
were occupied bv fee Russians at 
fee end of fee war On a recent 
viut to' Hokkaido I became aware 
of the fact that this lermonaJ 
impasse arouses feelings no less 
passionate than does fee Talk 
lands issue in British and Ar- 
gentine hearts Nature however 
ould intervene albeit in a grad- 

Prints of evil 

Brian Behan brother of fee late 
Brendan plans to wnte a book 
about “Sussex satamst" Deny 
Mara waring Knight who was 
jailed m April for conning a total 

compared to some of those passed 
on muggers knight replied im- 
mediately Behan suggested a 
book and they now seek a pub- 
lisher- But Behan is not alone in 
taking an interest in fee case at 
least one other journalist is plan- 
ning an instant book 

rings me to relate a similar 
experience Last month fee Soviet 
ambassador sent him a personal 
invitation to a reception at the 
embassy for fee launch of Mikhail 
Gorbachov s collected speeches 
and writings Pinner accepted 
though a trifle surprised because 
of the embassy v known 
embarrassment bv fee Soviet 
Jewry campaign A tew days later 
ame a terse call from fee em 
bassv saying fee invitation had 
been made in error and he 
ouldn tcome after all 

High note 

Double snub 

of £216 000 out of wealthvChnst- 
lans including Tory MFs wife 
Susan Sainsburv Behan wrote to 
knight in prison saving he felt his 
seven-vear-sentence was severe 

After hearing ot fee exclusion of 
the Jewish t h*mn c from fee 
Sov lei foreign minister s press 
onierence yesterday" ‘ Havim 
Pinner secretary -general of the 
Board of Deputies of Bniish-Jews 

I tried to contact a venerable 
t umbnan gentleman called 
( haries Turnbull yesterday but 
without success for he was busy 
tackling his even more mature 
neighbour the Old Man ot 
( omston which is ol course a 
mountain 1 have made fee climb 
manv times myself andean vouch 
for its steepness Turnbull cele 

In Britain, the left which loathed 
the Empire has -come to love the 
( ommonweaith -because it is 
largely Mack, and can be pre 
seated as fee under-privileged 
legacy ol" hated colonialism, rhe 
lories rightly value the ( ounuon- 
wealfe as a constructive symbol of 
political evolution. Bat in con- 
sequence a potentially grievous 
burden has been laid on every 
British government. ( ommon- 
wealfe countries which declined 
fee option of keeping fee.Queen as 
their head of state, and "which, 
would discard their link wife the 
( rown at the drop of a hat if 
convenient now exploit Her 
Majesty’s position as head of fee 
Commonwealth, and her proper 
concern for it, by trying to dn« her 
publicly Ibid fee dispute over 
sanctions wife Britain, fee country ' 
to which fee Queen matters most 
A conspicuous instrument m 
this campaign is Sir Shndath 
Ramphai, its secrefarracnerol, 
described m a recent BBC news 
headlines as fee “C ommonweaith 

chief”. . who wants Britam "to 
impose sanctions But what is.Nfr 
Shndath 9 He is a functionary ’ 
Y ho elected him 9 Nobody, be was 
appointed . Y bo does he speakfor 9 
The governments of the tonwnbn. 
wealth whose opinion he shares' 

'• :i ne 

y» |U*1 • t . c [v l * 

.. "i; v ■ , x 


?i .k 77 " 

Y hat is his {^litical respeasifcil- 
rt> 9 None wife any cdffistiwhmal: 

ity 9 None wife any constitutfopat 
validity: His pretensions, are -a 
bluff, feat s&osfiMhe called ... 

Zbe heist any to preserve, fee 
(.ommon weal this for fee British 
government to dear feat 
on any point of substance it wffl 
ultimately, determine its own poi 
■Cy in the fight of its response!' 
ides, walk-out or not ^ rhe more 
this is understood fee less fikeiy it 
is that thasfrwbo benefit most from 
the Commonwealth will walkout 
If it is not umtersfood. fee break 
might "come inadvertently This 
association of nafikeminded states 
offers nothing to Britain thkt cocdd 
possibly justify fee sacrifice of oar 
own democratic procedures • 

{***? 't 

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1 SM'-V •" 

A ^ r • ' 

-.r-ilh -■ tT.sO 

‘jv - > - ' " r ' 5 

jexisox T’v 2v.: 

Ronald Bait > 

moreover ... Miles Kington 



.it. V 

IzriSiK- *Aj> 

Yhen I armed in I ranee a 

fortnight ago there was only one 
lace on aQ the magazines and 
newspapers feat of (oluche the 
chansmatu comedian- who bad 
just brought his dazzling career to 
a premature dose bv driving his 
motor evde into fee side of a lorry 
at 60mph He was 41 foul 
mouthed brilliant and fee holder 
of at least one world speed motor 
bike record 

To look at be was a cuddly 
coma in the lovable Harrv 
Secombe mould to listen to be 
was the bard-driving, street-cred 
ible felly < onnollv tvpe with all 
fee aggressive social anger of 
Alexei Savle and recently he had 
become a Gallic Bob Geklof wife 
his scheme for food to aid fee 
french poor To get the same 
headlines in Britain as ( oluche s 
death got in trance you would 
need Ham Secombe BilK 
C onnollv and Alexei Savle to be 
foiled in the same crash in a car 
driven bv Bob Geldof 

Ien days later there Was onfv 
one face on all the from covers in 
France It was still C'ol uebes Now 
it was all tributes to fee little man 
who stood up to authority — and 
once even stood for the presi 
denev The photos of the grieving 
ex wife children and grev old 
mum at the funeral The endless 
reconstructions of his last mo- 
ments of life 

The one very odd thing about all 
the articles I read on him (apart 
trom fee feci feat so few people 
said outright feat thev liked him as 
a person) was that they hardly 
mentioned bis humour at all Only 
one of his jokes was spelt out and 
it wasn t very good Ybich means 
that 1 still haven t the faintest idea 
what he was like as a performer 

This is fee extraordinary 
thing that a man can be a 
national hero in one rounirx and 
totally unknown 20 miles away 
across fee Channel especially if he 
is a comedian He never appeared 
on British TV None of ms 10 
films was released here I think 
The onlv gag ol his I can 
remember was his presidential . 
slogan in 1 98 ] If you re going to 

have a comedian <n the Hvsee at 
least get a professional one 

Otherwise he was just a round 
hubbv. face one of those feces 
- \ou see in foreign countries look- 
ing incredibly charismatic ti? tte 
locals and muediblv ordinary; to 
visitors ( an vou imagine w bat fee 
face of John < leese means to the 
average Henchman 9 

In feet I can tdl vou what John. 
( leese means to the average 
Frenchman Absolutely nothing. 
Ibere is a profile of John Cleese m 
fee current F‘uide (jiaua the. 
French humour magazine and the 
one thing it takes for granted is 
that none ot rts readers has heard 
of him Tfvmg to define him in a 
review of i AAu.yr it desuibes 
(. leese as ultra British so much so 
that he makes Alec Guinness , 
look like a Middle Lastern. street 
pistachio seller 

There again perhaps fee reason : 
( oluche appeared on so .manv 
French front covers is feat the' 
f ranch have so few people to put 
on front covers For fee past 24 
vears they have relied on actors: 
Alain Delon and Jean Paul 
Belmondo France stonlvinxi n 
roll star Johnny Hailydav-aod- 
Monaco s royal feihilv In aB that 
time do one has threatened them ' 
except perhaps Gerard : 
Depardieu, the actor so chunky : - 
he makes Sylvester Stallone lpoka 
w imp -r and C oluche 

The shock of his death mavbe 
that it meant one less of the- front 
cover gang Yhen fee. French "i 
press cned out ‘Yho could 
possibly replace C oluche 9 ’ they J 
meant to continue “On our front 
covers 9 ’ Yell I bought fee next 
Paris Mat h to appear after the 
C oluche tribute number _and ; 
guess who was on the cover 9 Good ■ 
old Johnny HaJIvdav 
- The only shock was that Bb now. 5 
has white hair Just dved for a film 
role apparently but one day it is : ■ 
bound to become true and on ' 
French front covers we wifl see a 
totally bald Belmondo - a- wispy i 
white Alain Delon and an old ajnd 
wrinkled Johnny HaJIvdav As 

long as they keep away from those ' 



ss"!. a 

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?««l a-i a»t!H 

.v Rier. % rcn£!t 

'i 1 7'.: ,u vre-vem-n 
1 '1 «>e:opm 

I *v.i v • . 


^ l<Sf;? Sa:ed 

a „ <! r y,.; St!! 

brates his 80th birthday in a few 
weeks tune and yesterday marked 
his fortieth ascent ot the Old Man 

I he extraordinary thing is that the 
man . numbull is blind ■ and 
achieves fee walk on a mixture: of ■ ' 
instinct and a lifelong won know l .- » 
edge of the terrain Yheneverjie .. 
reaches the peak' nutebook ^n ■ . . 
hand he waits there lot another * 
walker to ome along , and give ■ 
written evidence ot his arrival ■His * 
■wile tells me that he has never yet -i 
tailed to find a witness' I hope he f 
was as laminate sesterdav .when 
the muggy heat lii those parts. ■ 
would have been enough lu drtes 
many a^casual ambler , . * f 

^ARR\ ? -\Nip),; 

4 4a 

Bi 0 > r r Qair ! 

M Nl 

^ AMI S 

A r 4 1 c 


Wai^wngSy^;^ j 

Michael Hesef tine has not entirety - 
departed fee pubht stege-, Re • j 

entlv he was guest pf ( ovratTv ' 

kniflh ont' "TnnA. .. k_ -t 

Probably gone to rescue 
Sir Geoffrey Howe* .. 

South' .west', Jones whip, invited 
him to start 2 000 plastic ducksou 
a fond-raismgrace down fee-River-'t 
Sowe and be on. hand to^greet tbe 
.winner' l nlike Yestlancf it'wasV^ 
obviousrv HOta lafee-one inr : 

Co »iei 

JCjs. ai-l 0n 


Hill 5 



■<J n, . V 

Iti-S «' 


The visit to London by the 

l 2 yi 5 5 ? re{gn Minister, 
Eduard Shevardnadze, was 

hilled in advance as heralding 
2 return to normality in Anglo- 

‘ Soviet relations. In the event, 

i r » for. Mr 

. - 4 ^ftajr I Shevajpnadze to engage in a 
- r-ui.., »*. little superpower ono-up. 

manship by announcing the 
Soviet Union’s agreement to a 
new set of disarmament and 
verification talks. 

1 Pennington Street, Lond on El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 




- r or 



- * -V ■ «te yesterday to 
• - ■ relegated to the 

‘ . 7~_' .io This 'raised the 
‘ -• V* aslujjg Precisely * vw 

■.'".'’■"■'£.5 London. 

The British-Soviet relation- 
ship — the ostensible purpose 
of the Soviet Foreign 
Minister’s visit — seemed by 
late yesterday to have been 
question of 
J w hy Mr 
Shevardnadze, had come to 

,j % * 


Following Mr 

Shevardnadze’s visit it is pos- 
sible, just, to speak, of a new 
climate in relations between 
our countries in which dif- 
ferences of character, approach 
and priorities may perhaps be 
subordinated to doing busi- 
^ L ^ ness ~ whether commercial or 

■ v ^ political. That at least is what 

- - . fo e diplomats who prepared 

■■ foe visit and engineered its 

: - ** aiy success would have us believe. 

. 7 *7"'^. 1* is also what Mr 
Shevardnadze emphasized be- 

tU . '"‘W, L: 

fore he left yesterday. 


But the somewhat eclectic 
nature of the three Anglo- 
Soviet agreements signed by 
*< fr <he Soviet Foreign Minister in 

i; i-y 


'“'J ,v| RsitaJ 

— w **s5 . 

jhe _ 

3 xxjndon indicate how deep the 
two sides had had to dig to find 
common ground. The long- 
term’ economic agreement 
gives Britain a status in its 
dealings with the Soviet Union 
similar to that enjoyed by most 
of Western Europe The agreed 
new procedures to enable war- 
ships of the two countries to 
avoid incidents at sea may 
have been calculated to please 
a maritime nation bnt are 
unlikely to bring about a 
radical difference in conduct 

'Z £ ^i 

i - ‘as®! 

anyway governed by inter- 
. national regulations. 

Moreoever the settlement of 
the nearly 70 year old feud on 
reparations for damage sus- 
tained to British interests in 
Russia during the 1 9 1 7 revolu- 
tion should be seen for what it 
is: a symbolic gesture which 
has cost neither side very 
much but gives an attractive 
impression of progress. In fact, 
the British side has come off 
considerably worse in terms of 
foe paper money transactions 

The fed that both parties to 
the agreement have chosen to 
endorse the impression that 
there has been a radical depar- 
ture from the habits of the past 
10 years illustrates how keen 
both sides were to clean the 
slate of Anglo-Soviet relations 
and start afresh. But habits and 
attitudes die hard and the 
Anglo-Soviet relationship has 
been a graveyard of good 

It is as well to consider some 
of these before the realities of 
Anglo-Soviet relations become 
too deeply buried in euphoria 
about the new start In the 
winter of 1984 the Soviet 
leader designate made a highly 
successful visit to Britain 
which was analysed at the time 
as a dry run for Soviet diplo- 
macy Gorbachov-style and as 
evidence that both sides were 
intent on establishing better 
relations. A matter of months 
later the goodwill evaporated 
in a series of mutual dip- 
lomatic expulsions which de- 
prived Britain of some of its 
most experienced diplomats 
and journalists in Moscow. 

It is important, too, to 
examine the motives for the 
good intentions — on both 
sides. We are used to seeing the 
motivation of Western leaders 
who try to improve relations 
with Moscow interpreted in 
domestic terms. The desire to 
dear up outstanding diffi- 
culties, to be remembered as a 
peace-maker, to appear as a 

on the ' high seas which is _ 


statesman of world stature. 
But similar considerations op- 
erate in the Soviet Union of 
the 1980s. 

The one consistent feature 
of Mr Gorbachov’s foreign 
policy, which has otherwise 
been riddled with contradic- 
tions, has been a determina- 
tion to dear the decks of 
problems inherited from pre- 
vious leaderships. He has paid 
especial attention to problems 
which restrict the Soviet 
Union’s capacity for effective 
operation in the 1980s and 
which are capable of relatively 
cheap solution. The question 
of compensation for Britain's 
pre-revolutionary investors 
was one of these, as was the 
matter of Japanese who 
wanted to visit family graves 
on the Kurile Islands which 
has also been solved recently. 

The third element affecting 
the success of Mr 
Shevardnadze’s visit to Britain 
is, as the announcement of 
new talks in Geneva so graphi- 
cally demonstrated, the 
United States. The spectre of 
the United States hovered 
uneasily over ai! Mr 
Shevardnadze’s talks in Lon- 
don, whether in speculation 
about a second superpower 
summit or in discussions 
about the Strategic Defence 
Initiative and the difficulties 
of verification in space. In- 
deed, it tended to obscure the 
bilateral essence of Mr 
Shevardnadze’s visit. 

All this should have posed - 
but rarely did — the question of 
whether the Soviet Union was 
interested in better relations 
with Britain for its own sake, 
or whether Britain is seen from 
Moscow merely as a conduit 
through which it can commu- 
nicate with and perhaps exert 
pressure on Washington. This 
is something we need to know 
before Mr Shevardnadze's 
visit is described either as a 
success or as a return to 
normality in Anglo-Soviet 


“It’s quicker by quango,” the 
general manager of the Wash- 
ington. New Town Develop- 
ment Corporation called his 
history of that exercise in 
•"•2 reclamation, landscaping and 
town building. The phrase 
- " • • sums up the pride of the New 

/z: Towns and the sense that in 
. ; single-purpose development 

_ ' corporations is a good admin- 

-.v: istrative model. 

;« The New Town corpora- 
:r. tiqns have been widely ad- 
s' mined. People may differ on 
— ' : the architectural and aesthetic 
- " ^ merits of Peterborough and 
77 ::. ^ Milton Keynes but their ap- 
-7 T7 pointed executives have been 
" 7 applauded for the speed and 
7 - energy which which they have 
' '7 carried out public purposes. So 
. -7 there was nothing partisan in 
" ‘ the feci that the Government 
. - turned to. the development 

corporation model as the 
mechanism for regenerating 
• > "7 derelict docklands in east Lon- 
-'■■■ 7 don, Liverpool, Bootle and 

- • 7 ' Large sums of public money 
7 ; have been spent Neither the 
7 ' London Docklands nor the 
■ .7? Merseyside corporations 

' ■ should, five years on, be 
. ■ immune from fierce question- 

.7 .v-' ing about their stewardship of 

il Neither, however, should 
- 7 they be deprived of the credit 
- ... due for regeneration in their 


The opening of the Becton 
marshes to housing, the re- 
newal of the economy of the 
Isle of Dogs, the Albert Dock 
development, the Garden 
Festival site: these are a phys- 
ical manifestation of success in 
restoring people and economic 
activity to sterile lands. Little 
wonder then, that planner and 
politicians are attracted by the 
model for other inner city 

The ageing of the nineteenth 
century city cores, the failure 
of local economies, blighted 
land, social malaise — all of 
which is conveniently labelled 
the inner city problem — 
survives, and in some cities 
worsens, despite the variety of 
“urban policy” initiatives. The 
development corporation as a 
means of more effectively 
delivering public money .to 
specified urban areas is no 
more apanacea than any other, 
it will not by itself conquer the 
persistent problem of duplica- 
tion between government 
departments nor can it counter 
long-term structural economic 
decline. But, with caveats, here 
is a model worth further 
experimental application. 

It will need always to be 
tailored to local circumstance. 
What might be needed, for 
example, to reclaim derelic- 
tion and promote investment 
in Liverpool should not be 

expected to apply in West 
Midlands, with it* energetic 
and sensible local politicians 
and its stout record in helping 
combat economic recession. 
There are several areas where a 
single purpose corporation 
with a handsome budget and a 
clear task of physical regenera- 
tion could surely make 
progress: in Geveland perhaps 
and in parts of Greater Man- 

Development corporations 
are no substitute for local 
authorities. They cannot ex- 
press local opinion; there is no 
evidence that appointed bod- 
ies could carry out such 
municipal services as educa- 
tion or social support What 
corporations can do is relieve 
certain local authorities of the 
work of land acquisition and 
development which involves 
skills and sums which councils 
do not, by and large, possess. 

The development corpora- 
tion is a building agency, a 
body to realise a plan. It 
should be finite in term and 
limited in geographical extent 
But above all it costs money. 
To attempt to promote 
development corporations as a 
solution to inner city problems 
without providing the where- 
withal to make them work 
would be a discreditable 

flawed carers are cared for 

■ pfQ. those who can’t teach. One 


The London Borough of Brent 
had statutory care of Jasmine 
Beckford. It delegated that care 
to professionally qualified so- 
cial workers, operating in a 
hierarchy of supervision. Jas- 
mine was inadequately super- 
vised. It is possible that the 
social worker’s failure to mon- 
itor her progress after she had 
been retumed to her mothers 
care allowed the man with 
whom her mother lived 
opportunity to kill her. _ 

After exhaustive inquiry by 
Mr Louis Blom-Coopers 
committee a tevbaBy ho^ 
sat and the social worker was 
dismissed. Her 

also dismissed. Thedtsrm^als 
have yet to be adjudicated by 

in f re'^Sven^ 

S‘ y coS£by shifting a 
mountain of blame on 

social workers. atmbutmg to 

them powers which they lack 
in few and which they could 

not nor should not possess m 

PI The Ce social workers con- 
cerned Ms Gunn Wahlsuom 
SlMs Diane Dietmann.wm h« identi- 

large errors in 
fessional life - a fete which 
rarely attends professionals in 
medicine and the law — they 
deserved decent obscurity in 
some other field of work. 

But both are again in the 
public eye, and rightly so. It is 
not vindictiveness to register 
concern at the speed with 
which they have found 
employment in social work 
and in teaching social work. 

Having been censured by 
Blom-Cooper and sacked by 
Brent both women might have 
appeared to have been dis- 
q uSified from further work m 
social services. Ms Wahlsuom 
is now a responsible officer to 
mental health. She is to be 
entrusted, like all qualified 
social workers, with delegated 
legal powers. She is deemed to 
3 ct on the public s behalf- 
public confidence has not been 
maintained by the ease with 
which she has moved to 
another position in which she 
will have to exercise judge- 
ment. At the leasta. penod of 
penitence, possibly also an 
amount of retraining might 
have been expected. 

The career success of Ms 
Dietmann is even more_star^ 

might, charitably, argue that 
having learnt a great lesson 
from her mistakes in the 
Beckford case Ms Dietmann 
would be a good counsellor to 
fiiture generations of trainee 
social services staff. But the 
Blom-Cooper report leaves lit- 
tle doubt that Ms Dietmann 
has been anything but contrite. 
Intellectually, it appears, she 
was convinced she was right in 
her approach to the Beckford 
case, and that makes it all the 
more worrying that her 
appointment in Wolver- 
hampton has, by the testimony 
of foe college vice-principal, 
been influenced by ' her 
“sincerity and commitment”. 

The merit of the long and 
expensive inquiry into the 
Beckford case was that, like 
such inquiries as that into 
Maria Colwell's death 12 years 
ago, everyone learnt 
lessons.The protection of chil- 
dren and the delicate task of 
intervention in family life by 
the State improved; But the 
report was also a judgement on 
local government officers. The 
fate oFMs Wahlstrom and now 
of Ms Dietmann looks like 
nothing so much as the ma- 
chine, which ought to serve the 



Athletes caught in political net 

From the Honorary Life President 
of the International Olympic 

Sir, The Prime Minister, Mrs 
Thatcher, is reported as saying, 
“Boycotts will not end apartheid”. 
She remembered that in 1980, 
following the lead of the President 
of the United Slates and with the 
aid of the then Prime Minister of 
Australia, she was instrumental in 
trying to organise a boycott of the 
Olympic Games in Moscow. 

Perhaps she has realised that the 
Soviet troops are still in Afghani- 
stan six years after and regrets her 
boycott appeal which, to their 
credit, was refuted by the British 
Olympic Association as well as the 

The boycott by the USA re- 
sulted in the partial boycott by the 
eastern European countries ai Los 
Angeles in 1984. 

Nobody won the political 
games, but in both cases the 
competitors and competitions suf- 

The Commonwealth Games do 
not come within the ambit or 
under the patronage of the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee; 
lhey are different from the world- 
wide Olympic Games or the 
continental and regional games 
(which do not discriminate on 
race, politics or religion) as ibey 
are based on a political, as 
opposed to geographical entity — 
the Commonwealth. 

There is a similarity in all 
international sports in that some 
athletes can defy the dictates or 
desires of their political leaders 
and travel freely, while others 

suffer from the decision of power- 
ful politicians. In 1980 in the USA 
there was even a threat of denial of 
travel permission. 

Having presided over the IOC 
when there were boycotts at 
Montreal and Moscow, I write 
with great feeling for the athletes 
who are the victims of political 

Yours faithfully, 


9 Lower Mountpleasant Avenue, 

Republic oflreland. 

July 14. 

From Mr John M. Taylor, MP for 
Solihull (Conservative) 

Sir, In 1968 Basil D’Oliveira, bom 
in South Africa, was chosen by the 
England cricket selectors to tonr 
South Africa with the England 
team. The South African authori- 
ties said he was not welcome. The 
English selectors, quite rightly, 
said they would not permit such 
interference with their right to 
choose their own team and pulled 
out of the tour. 

In 1986 Zola Budd, bom in 
South Africa, was chosen by the 
England athletics selectors to com- 
pete in the Commonwealth 
Games with the England team. 
The Commonwealth Games 
authorities said she was “not 
eligible” (welcome?). 

Should not the English selectors 
stand by Zola Budd as they stood 
by Basil D’Oliveira? 

Yours etc, 


House of Commons. 

July 15. 

S African crisis 

From Dr Stephen Mennell 
Sir, The “‘kith and kin” card is at 
last played by Mr J. H. Spencer 
Ashworth in his letter (July 16) 
about the South Africans at 
Delville Wood in the Fust World 

As an antidote to such 
sentimentality, readers of The 
Times may care to be reminded 
that the then leaders of the party 
which now rules the Republic of 
South Africa were on Hitler’s side 
in the Second World War. 

Yours faithfully, 


7 Wheatsheaf Way, 


Exeter, Devon. 

Jews in Russia 

From Dr Paul Robinson and Dr 
Mark Berger 

Sir, We have just retumed from 
the Soviet Onion, where we 
visited, in Moscow and Lenin- 
grad, a number of Jewish phy- 
sicians and biologists, who are 
being denied the opportunity to 
work at a level consonant wife 
their training, entirely because 
they have applied for emigration 
to Israel. 

We sawa former virologist, who 

has been refused permission to 
publish his thesis on oncorna 
viruses and who now works as 
urologist, seeing over 50 patients a 
day in a clinic. We saw a former 
entomologist who now works as a 
lift operator. 

We saw a world-renowned 
oncologist who is unable to pursue 
his research and is denied contact 
wife colleagues in the West. We 
saw a former medical neuro- 
scientist of the highest calibre, 
who regards himself as fortunate 
to have a job solely reading 

Our view, as physicians and 
researchers, was feat these people 
were being denied the chance to 
pursue careers which reflect their 
ability and training while being 
refused permission to leave the 
country and continue their re- 
search in the West 

It is also our view that the trust 
which is a necessary premise for 
talks on mutual disarmament 
cannot be developed until fee 
Soviet Union respects fee basic 
rights of its citizens. 

Yours etc, 



Institute of Psychiatry, 

De Crespigny Park, 

Denmark. Hill, SE5. 

Barrages and birds 

From the Director General of the 
Royal Society for the Protection of 

Sir, Your article, “Consortium 
puts £5 bn Severn barrage plan to 
Energy Secretary** (July 9), raises 
the spectre of massive engineering 
works in some of fee nation’s 
most important estuaries. Whilst 
the Severn may be the leading 
contender, fee article mentions 
the Solway Firth, Morecambe Bay 
and the Wash. There has been 
recent Press speculation about 
banaging fee Mersey. . 

Because of Britain’s geographi- 
cal position and equitable winter 
climate its estuaries are of great 
importance to wildfowl and wad- 
ing birds. Huge numbers spend 
the winter there or use them as 
“refuelling** sites during their 
longdistance migrations. 

Governments have long 
recognised the need to act collec- 
tively to protect migratory species. 
The UK is one of 30 or more states 
party to the Ramsar Convention 
on fee Conservation of Wetlands 
of Internationa] Importance, and 
is bound by the requirements of 
EC Directive 79/409 on fee 
Conservation of Wild Birds. Our 
estuaries also qualify for protec- 
tion under these agreements. 

It would be reassuring to learn 
that Messrs Ridley and 
Waldegrave were at least putting 
the conservation case to Mr Peter 
Walker before any decisions are 

Yours faithfully. 


Director General, 

The Royal Society for fee Protec- 
tion of Birds, 

The Lodge, 

Sandy, Bedfordshire. 

On the gravy train 

From Mr Peter Lewis 
Sir, Britain in fee 1980s is 
increasingly indistinguishable 
from fee looking-glass world. 
According to Spectrum (July 8 ) a 
new graduate aged 21 has accepted 
a starting salary of £16,000 in 
hanking and is looking forward to 
“quick promotion and high pay”. 

To obtain a comparable salary, 
those responsible for producing 
graduates have first to achieve 
promotion to fee grade of senior 
lecturer, which is notoriously diffi- 
cult and slow today because of the 
rigid quota system and intense 
competition, and then to advance 
several points up the appropriate 
salary stale, something many dons 
cannot hope to do until over 50 
after at least 25 years of service. 

Unless they are lucky enough to 
obtain a chair, also notoriously 
difficult, they can look forward to 
a maximum salary of well under 
£19,000. Evidently England is no 
longer a nation of shopkeepers, 
but of accountants and bankas. 
Yours fa it 

University of Durham, 
School ofE 

Elvet Riverside, 

New Elvet, Durham. 

Jury challenge 

From Mr Robert Clothier 
Sir, Peremptory challenge in jury 
trials may well be “a tad thing” 
but hardly for some of fee reasons 
adduced in your editorial today 
(July 10). To remark that fee 
“basic principle” is that juries 
should be random and not that 
they should be representative is to 
confuse fee means wife fee end. 
As in opinion polls, we take 
random samples as our best hope 
of obtaining representative ones. 

The smaller fee sample in 
relation to the size of fee popula- 
tion (and twelve is a very small 
sample) fee more of a lottery the 
process becomes. So long as we 
prefer fee lady to be holding scales 
rather than dice we must be 
concerned that juries are repre- 

The working class and the 
young are, for various reasons, 
under-represented on the electoral 
rolls. Attempting to correct this 
primary skew on the court-room 
floor is not necessarily an abuse. 
Yours faithfully, 


182 Bams Road, 


July 10. 

Present steps 
for past’s future 


From the Chief Executive 
English Heritage and others 
Sir. In 1984 fee Government 
published a consultation paper on 
the ecclesiastical exemption. This 
is the system whereby a listed 
ecclesiastical building is exempt 
from most of the controls that 
apply to secular buildings which 
are listed as being of special 
architectural or historic interest. 

Many bodies responded to feat 
consultation paper and the 
Government’s decisions are 
awaited. The issues involved are 
complex and whatever is decided 
is unlikely to find universal favour 
— not even amongst fee sig- 
natories of this letter. 

But there is one step which we 
believe fee Government could 
and should take which would 
receive wide approval; feat is to 
end fee system whereby it is 
possible for an Anglican church 
which is no longer required for 
ecclesiastical use to be demolished 
without listed building consent 
provided that the demolition fol- 
lows a scheme under the Pastoral 
Measure 1983. The Church of 
England alone enjoys this right: all 
other churches must obtain listed 
building consent. There is an 
opportunity for fee Government 
to make a modest step now by 
introducing or accepting an 
amendment to the Housing and 
Planning Bill designed to make 
this necessary change. 

Yonrs faithfully, 

P. W. RUMBLE, Chief Executive, 

English Heritage. 

S. ANDERSON, Chairman, 
Historic Buildings Working Party. 
Royal Town Planning Institute, 

Hon Director. 

Friends of Friendless Churches, 

The Victorian Society. 

KEN POWELL, Secretary, 

Save Britain's Heritage, 


The Civic Trust, 


The Society for the Protection of 
Ancient Buildings, 

English Heritage, 

Fortress House, 

23 Savile Row, Wl. 

July 15. 

From Mr Richard Griffith 
Sir v The Select Committee on the 
Environment has today com- 
pleted taking oral evidence for its 
inquiry into historic buildings and 
ancient monuments. What sub- 
jects deserve to be included in its 
final report? 

May I suggest feat one should be 
fee administration of listed build- 
ings? The Department of the 
Environment admits that it does 
not monitor fee eflect of listed 
building control, and does not 
even know how many individual 
buildings are subject to control. It 
is curious, to say fee least, that fee 

authority charged wife overseeing 

the administration of the 
country's architectural heritage 
cannot describe what it is admin- 
istering or how it is being admin- 

The select committee might 
consider asking fee Secretary of 
State to undertake baric research 
concerning fee number and dis- 
tribution of listed buildings, and 
to hi traduce a system for monitor- 
ing fee effect of listed building 

Yours faithfully, 


5 The Circus, 

Bath, Avon. 

July. 16. 

HIs shroud the suow 

From Mr William Summers 
Sir, Sandy Irvine, who died wife 
George Mallory in 1924, was my 
mother’s younger brother. His 
memory was held in some rev- 
erence by us afl, and for this 
reason my first inclination is to 
agree with Dr Warren (July 10) 
who is only fee most recent of a 
long list expressing the same 
opinion — until I consider fee man 
himself and what he might have 

He died before his 21st birth- 
day, but into feat short life had 
packed more than most. He 
captained Shrewsbury to win the 
Elsenbam Cup at the 1919 Peace 
Regatta, was president of fee 
Oxford University Boat Club, 
suggested improvements to the 
Maxim guo breachbtocfc and was 
working on an early form of 
automatic pilot for aircraft. 

I am sure that Sandy, wife his 
inquiring mind, would be happy 
that there is still interest ana 
speculation over their achieve- 
ment and would not think of the 
proposed search as desecration. 
The finding of a camera wife 
viable films, or even evidence 
from position of remains, might 
finally close fee saga one way or 
fee other. 1 wish fee Americans 
every success. 

Yours faithfully, 


Prides Close, 

St Michaels, 

Tenbury Wells, 


July 10. 

Grassroots godfathers 

From Miss L A. Zaina 

Sir, It is strange to find in The 
Times an article (July 7) which 
purveys the kind of quasLro- 
mantic view of the Mafia which, 
to whatever extent it may . have 
applied to the onoraia societti, 
bears no relationship to the ruth- 
less criminal organization of the 
present day. 

Doubt is cast on the Mafia’s 
connection with heroin traffick- 

ing, whereas the judicial investiga- 
tions since 1982 have shown 
conclusively that it has provided 
fee new bosses wife assets reck- 
oned in billions of dollars invested 
in real estate mid business under- 
takings both at home and abroad. 

When General Carlo Alberto 
dalle Oiiesa. the new Prefect of 
Palermo appointed specifically to 
combat fee Mafia, was murdered 

toother wife his pregnant young 
wife. Err 

Conflict Study No 179: The South 
African Crisis: Time for Inter- 
national Action, mentioned by 
Professor Gutteridge on July 1 5, was 
publish ed by ' fee Institute for the 

. Emmanuela. on September 
3, 1 982. a rough notice at the place 
of assassination proclaimed: 
“Here died fee hope of honest 
citizens of Palermo” 

That death was a turning point 
in fee determination of fee central 
Government lo prosecute by ev- 

nou/Ar jfk war 

against fee Mafia, a war in whicb 
since 1982 not only investigating 
magistrates and policemen but 
also innocent members of fee 
public (including women and 
children) have been in the firing 

If fee Mafia’s ramifications 
make its suppression well nigh 
impossible, as Christopher 
Duggan suggests, at least its 
vulnerability has been made 
manifest and the breakdown of 
“omfrtd” (unwillingness to giye 
evidence) holds out some promise 
for the future. 

Yours sincerely. 


University of Liverpool 
School of Modern L anguage s, 

PO Box 147. Liverpool. 


JULY 17 1863 

In 1882 New Zealand was granted 
setf-gooemmenL The Maoris who 
had accepted the Queen's 
sovereignty in 1840 nevertheless 
endeavoured to retain some of 
their former authority. Their 
efforts to do so resulted in 10 years 
— 1861-71 — of sporadic warfare. 
Finally their resistance crumbled 
and they were ready to accei 
conciliatory attitude oft 




(F tom a Correspondent) 


. . Another of those murderous 
attacks which characterized the 

opening period of the last Taranaki 
war has just occurred at Taranaki, 
resulting in the deaths of two 
officers and six men of the 57th 
Regiment. Thor were escorting 
some provision carts, and, sur- 
prised by a Maori ambuscade, were 
shot down and tomahawked, their 
bodies being afterwards horribly 
mutilated . . . 

Intelligence was received in 
Auckland that a large party of 

Waikato natives were marching 
down to Taranaki, and General 
Cameron, who had only left the 
latter place a few 
at once hurried back in the 
steamer. He did not arrive at all too 
soon. Matters were looking decid- 
edly ugly; all aorta of rumours were 
flying about, and it was considered 
advisable to take extra precautions. 
On the 25th of April a warning was 
sent to the Governor by some 
friendly natives that the rebels 
intended to commence fighting on 
the day but one following (Mon- 
day). Similar intimations had been 
conveyed to the settlers Kvi 
outside the town, and they were 
in a great state of trepidation, 
many of them coming into town. 
His Excellency chose to disregard 
this warning, and even 
endeavoured to induce the settlers 
to go back to their farms as they 
had nothing to fear. It was a most 
fortunate thing that this advice 
was not taken, and that it had not 
been necessary to send out small 
detached patties of military during 
that day, as it was afterwards 
disco vered that an amhnah of three 
armed parties of rebel natives bad 
been stationed on the toad between 
New Plymouth and Tataraimaka, 
with the avowed intention of 
cutting off the 5rst Europeans who 
should pass that way. Still, singular 
as it may seem, although the 
threatening attitude of the natives 
was publicly known and comment- 
ed on by the Taranaki journals, no 
steps were taken by the Govern 
ment — or, at any rate, only very 
imperfect steps — to guard against 
the danger, it would appear that 
his Excellency would not believe 
the Maories intended to fight, and 
he was determined, if possible, not 
to be the first to strike a blow. The 
result is soon told, and a melan- 
choly tale it is. Two escort parties 
were passing along the 
Tataraimaka road on Monday, the 
4th of May, when they were fired 
into by some natives in ambush. 
One of the escort parties managed 

to retreat in safety, but the officers 
and men composing the other 
parly were, with one exception, 
shot down, and their bodies after- 
wards brutally mutilated . . . 

Of course, it is impossible to 
prefect what will be the result of| 
the late outrage. By the last 
advices, a large body of Waikato 
natives were marching down to 
Taranaki, and if the Governor 
should find it necessary to proceed 
to hostilities it is very probable 
that the whole native population 
south of Auckland will be drawn 
into the struggle. 

The Waitara, that old bone of | 
contention, has been given up by 
the Governor. This I have on the 
most undoubted authority. An 
investigation has been 
quietly for some time, and I 
his Excellency baa decided 
banding over the disputed 
the rival native claimants to settle 
the matter among themselves . . . 


Quick off the mark 

From Mr William Sown 
Sir, I recently carried out a 
(modest) sponsored cycle ride to 
raise some funds towards the 
expenses of our village's abbey 
millenary celebrations next year. 
In order to satisfy fee more 

doubting of my sponsors, I pur- 
tsed from are 

reputable supplier 
, in Japan. 


a cyclometer, made, alas, i 
This was then fitted in accordance 
wife fee maker’s instructions. 

Imagine my surprise, therefore, 
as 1 made my leisurely progress 
across fee filackmore Vale, when I 
noticed feat the initial seating of 
0000 was, after five miles, reading 
9995: and it continued feus to 

In this Industry Year, could a 
British manufacturer assure me 
feat forward is their motto? 

Yours faithfully. 


Holly Lodge. 

4 Long Street, 

Cerae Abbas, 

Dorchester, DorseL 
July 5. 


on the face? 

From Mr R. G. Robinson : 

Sir, So egg-and-spoon races at an > 
Avon infants* school are under 
scrutiny and indeed banned by the -• 
head teacher (report, July 1 1 Jl 
P erhaps, in line wife other 
sports, we shall have drag tests for ’ 
them next? But, if so, please will I 
these be on fee infant competitors, ■ 
or on fee eggs, or on fee chicken * 
feat laid the eggs? Or is the J 
reported investigation of fee head » 
teacher concerned more suitable? J 
Yours faithfully, 


Long View, 

Limes Lane, 


Uckfield, East Sussex. 








July 16: His Excellency Mr 
Ernest Rusiia was received in 
audience by The Queen and 
presented the Letters of Recall 
of his predecessor and his own 
Letters of Commission as High 
Commissioner for Uganda in 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following members 
of the High Commission, who 
had the honour of being pre- 
sented to Her Majesty: Mr 
William Naggaga (First Sec- 
retary). Mr Mugoya Mainza 
(First Secretary). Mr Emmanuel 
Orinzi (Third Secretary), Mr 
Joseph Omodo (Third Sec- 
retary), Mr Jackson Ocana 
(Third Secretary)- Mr Abdu 
Kabunga (Attache (Administra- 
tion)). Miss Veronica Asima 
(Attache) and Miss Harriet 
Ddungu (Attache). 

Mrs Rusiia had the honour of 
being received bv The Queen. 

Sir Patrick Wright (Perma- 
nent Under-Secretary of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs), who had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty, 
was present and the Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

His Excellency Monsieur 
Stefan Staniszewski and Ma- 
dame Staniszewska were re- 
ceived in farewell audience by 
The Queen and took leave upon 
His Excellency relinquishing his 
appointment as Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary from the Polish 
People's Republic to the Court 
of St James's. 

Mr Eric Williams had the 
honour of being received by The 

Queen when Her Majesty deco- 

rated him with the Royal Vic- 
torian Medal (Silver). 

The Queen, accompanied by 
The Duke of Edinburgh, this 
afternoon visited the Borough of 
Newham where Her Majesty 
reopened the restored west 
Ham Town Hall. 

Having been received by the 
Mayor of Newham (Councillor 
Jack Clow). Her Majesty un- 
veiled a commemorative plaque 
and. with His Royal Highness, 
viewed the Centenary Ex- 
hibition and an exhibition on 
the reconstruction of the Town 

The Marchioness of 
Abergavenny, the Right Hon Sir 
William Heseltine and Major 
Hugh Lindsay were in 

The Queen, accompanied by 
The Duke of Edinburgh, this 
evening took the Salute at a 
performance of the Royal Tour- 
nament at Earls Court. 

The Marchioness of 
Abergavenny, Air Vice-Marshal 
Richard Peirseand Major Hugh 
Lindsay were in attendance 

Mrs Andrew Feilden was in 

By command of The Queen, 
the Viscount Long (Lord in 
Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport, London this 
morning upon the arrival of the 
Governor-General of the Sol- 
omon Islands and Lady Devesi 
and the Governor-General of 
Antigua and Babuda and Lady 
Jacobs and welcomed Their 
Excellencies on behalf of Her 

July 16: Queen Elizabeth .The 
Queen Mother was present this 
evening at a Reception in St 
James's Palace given to mark 
the 40th Anniversary of the 
Royal Society for Mentally 
Handicapped Children and 

Lady Angela Oswald. Sir Mar- 
tin Gilliat and Captain Niall 
Hall were in attendance. 

July 16: The Prince of Wales, 
Duke of Cornwall this morning 
presided at a meeting of The 
Prince's Council at 10 Bucking- 
ham Gate. SWl. 

Sir John Riddell Bi was in 

The Princess of Wales, Pa- 
tron. Help the Aged and the Pre- 
school Playgroups Association, 
attached a Silver Jubilee floral 
luncheon in aid of both 
organizations at the Hyatt 
Carlton Tower Hotel Cadogan 
Place, SWl. 

Miss Anne Beckwith-Smith 
and Lieutenant-Commander 
Richard AylartL RN were in 

Her Royal Highness this eve- 
ning attended a Gala Perfor- 
mance of Onegin by the London 
Festival Ballet at the London 
Coliseum, St Martin's Lane. 

Mrs Max Pike and Lieuten- 
ant-Commander Richard 
Aylard, RN were in attendance. 

July 16: Princess Alice, Duchess 
of Gloucester today visited the 
East of England Agricultural 
Show; Peterborough. 

Dame Jean MaxweD-Scott 
was in attendance. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
this afternoon took the Salute at 
a performance of the Royal 
Tournament at Earls Court, 
London. In the evening Her 
Royal Highness, Patron of 
Women Caring Trust, was 
present at a conceit given by Sir 
Yehudi Menuhin at the Royal 
Hospital Chelsea. London. 

Miss Jennifer Thomson was 
in attendance. 

The Duke of Edinburgh this 
lie Confed- 

moming attended the 
eration of British Industry's 21st 
Anniversary celebration at Cen- 
tre Point, New Oxford Street. 

His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the President of the 
Confederation (Mr David 
Nickson) and the Director Gen- 
eral (Sir Terence Beckett). 

Brigadier Clive Robertson 
was in attendance. 

July 16: The Dukeof Kent today 
opened the CAD/CAM Data 
Exchange Technical Centre at 
the University of Leeds. 

The Duchess of Kent, as 
Chancellor, today presided at 
Congregations for the Confer- 
ment of Degrees at the Univer- 
sity of Leeds. 

Their Royal Highnesses, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, were attended 
by Sir Richard Buckley 
Miss Sarah Partridge. 


The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips. Patron of the Suffolk 
Sheep Society, visited the Na- 
tional Show and Sale of the 
Society at the Royal 
Showground. National Agri- 
cultural Cenire. Stoneleigh. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the v i re Lord- 
Lieutenant for Warwickshire 
(the Viscount Daventry) and the 
President of the Society (Mr R. 

The Queen will attend a tea 
party at St James's Palace on 
July 24 to mark the sesqui- 
centenary of the Royal Medical 
Benevolent Fund. 

A memorial service for Lady 
Diana Cooper will be held at Si 
Mary's^ Paddington Green, to- 
day at noon. 

A memorial service will be held 
for Major the Hon Anthony 
John Ashley Cooper on Tues- 
day. July 22. 1986, at St Giles's 
Church. Wimbome Street. 
Giles, Dorset, at 2,30 pm. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr RJ. Wilson 
and Miss S.M. Mouwes 
The engagement is announced 
between Rupert James, younger 
son of Sir James and the Hon 
Lady Wilson, of Hasker Street, 
London. SW3. and Sylvia He- 
lene,. only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Hans Mouwes. of 
Amsielvcen. the Netherlands. 

Mr J-D. Gaisford 
and Miss S.E. Hulley 
The engagement is announced 
between James, son of Mr and 
Mrs Mark GaisfonL of Karoi. 

Zimbabwe, and Sarah, daughter _ 

of Mr and Mrs John Hulley. of and Catherine, elder dau: 
Grange Park. London. 


Mr M.WJML Andrews 
and Miss F. Scott-Maiden 
The engagement is announced 
between Matthew, eldest son of 
Dr and Mrs T.C.M. Andrews, of 
Sidcstrand. Norfolk, and Fiona, 
younger daughter of Air Vice- 
Marshal and Mrs Scott-Maiden, 
of Norwich. 


Lieutenant Commander 
Harhroe-Buyh, RN 
and First Officer CT. 


The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of Mr and 
Mrs C. Bush, of Farnham, 
Surrey, and Christine, daughter 
of Mr and .Mrs PJ. Ayling. or 
Brighton. Sussex. 

DrR-S. Schmidli 
and Dr CM. Bagg 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of Mr and 
Mrs Heinrich Schmidli Of 
Christchurch. New Zealand. 


Dr Charles Bagg. and the late 
Mrs Bagg of Great Missenden. 
Buckinghamshire. ■ 


First Social Democrat nominee in the Lords 

Mr MJ. Arnutage-Smith 
and Miss K. Navaratnam 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin, younger son of 
the late J.N.A. Armitage-Smith 
and Mrs Armitage-Smith, of 
London, and Keshini. younger 
daughter of Dr and Mrs V. 
Navaratnam. of Colombo, and 

Captain A. W. Ballard 
and Miss PJA.M. Wlrgmnm 
The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, younger son 
of Major and Mrs John Ballard, 
of Over Worton. Oxfordshire. 

Mr P.B. Humphries 
and Miss AJ. Breen 
The engagement is- announced 
between Paul son of Judge 
Humphries and Mrs 
Humphries, of Galley. Chesh- 
ire, and Alison, only daughter of 
Dr and Mrs J.T. Breen, of 
Beckenham, Kem. 

Dr P.C. Stride 
and Miss AX. Lench 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, elder son of Mr. 
and Mrs Leslie Stride, of Stoke 
Bishop. Bristol, and Anne, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Walter 
Lench. Stourpon-on-Sevem. 


Mr HA. Jackson 
and Miss L.H. Johnson 
The engagement is announced 
between Robin, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs A.P. Jackson, of 
Holme Hall, near Scunthorpe. 
South Humberside, and Lu- 

and Peironella. only daughter of cm da. elder daughter of Mr and 
Mr and Mrs Sjuend Wiegersma. Mis C.E. Johnson, of Old Dene, 
of Badhoevedorp. the WestHumble. Surrey. 

Mr EJ. Beale 
and Miss A.M. Little 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs JJ. Beale, of 
Lurgecombe Farm. Ashburton, 
Devon, and Alexa. elder -daugh- 
ter of Dr and Mrs J. A. Little, of 
the Red House. Charminster. 
Dorchester. Dorset 

Herr H.M. Jensen 
and Miss E.L. Capstick 
The. engagement is announced 
between Heige Molvadgaard. 
only son of Hen- and Fru Harald 
Jensen, of Temdrup. Denmark, 
and Elizabeth Louise, only 
daughter of Judge and Mrs 
Brian Capstick. of Hampstead. 

Mr AX. Maitland- Robinson 

and the Hon Snsannah 


The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July 12. ai St Mary's. 
Fairford. Gloucestershire, of Mr 
Aidan Maitland-Rohinson. only 
son of Mr and Mrs Joseph 
Maitland-Rohinson. of Les 
Arbres, St Lawrence. Jersey. 
Channel Islands, and the Hon 
Susannah Henderson, only 
daughter of Lord and Lady 
Faringdon. of Barnsley Park, 
Cirencester. Gloucestershire. 
The Rev Robert Swan borough 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Lara Spence. Euge- 
nia Dunn. Georgina Bowes- 
Lvon. Richard Gwyn and 
William Ardovini. Mr Jonathan 
Tennant was best man. 

Mr S JP. Bridger 
and Miss A.M. Chapman 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen Paul, son of 
Mr and Mrs P.S. Bridger. of 
Moispur Park. Surrey, and Anne 
Marie, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
R. Chapman. ofNazeing, Essex. 

Mr EJ). Cox 
and Miss D.E. Ffenuefl 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward David, son of 
the late Commander David 
Cox. RN (retd), and of Mrs 
Mary Cox. of Boltons Court. 
London. SW5. and Diana, 
daughter of the late Mr Denzil 
Ffennell and of Mrs Jane 
Ffennell of Martyr Worthy. 

Mr WJLS. May 
and Mbs F.M. Sheppard 
The engagement is announced 
between William, son of Colo- 
nel and Mrs W.D.S. May, of 
Lessudden Bank, St Boswells, 
Roxburghshire, and Frances, 
daughter of the late Mr F.M. 
Sheppard and Mrs R-S. 
Sheppard, of Brelston Court, 
Maisiow, Herefordshire. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon is being spent 


W.P.T. Roberts 
Miss S.M. Lang 
The marriage look place on 
Wednesday. July 16. at St Giles' 
Church. Ashtead. of Bridagier 
Paul Roberts. ofWimbome. and 
Miss Shelia Lang, elder daughter 
Of Mr M.D. Lang, of Ash lead. 

Lord Crawshaw of Aintree. 
OBE. the Labour MP for 
Toxteth, Liverpool, who 
joined the Social Democratic 
Party in 1981, and who last 
year became its first nominee 
to take a seat in- the House of 
Lords, died yesterday. He was 
68 . 

Richard “Dick” Crawshaw 
was bom on September . 25, 
1917, and educated at Pem- 
broke College, Cambridge, 
and London University, 
where he studied law. A varied 
early career saw him succes- 
sively as a clerk (1931-33), an 
engineer (1933-36) and a theo- 
logical student (1936-39). 

With the outbreak of war he 
served, first, in the Royal 
Artillery and, later, . in the 
Parachute Regiment with the 
rank of lieutenant-colonel. 
Free fail parachuting was to 
remain an abiding interest and 
led Crawshaw to the Territori- 
al .Army in 1954 where, for 
three years, he commanded 
12/I3lh Battalion, The Para- 
chute Regiment. 

After the war, he returned to 
Pembroke before being called 
to the Bar of the Inner Temple 
in 1948. As a banister, he was 
attached to the Northern Cir- 
cuit. From 1948 to 1965 he 
was a Labour member of 
Liverpool City CbunciL 

In 1964. he was elected 
Labour MP for Toxteth. Liv-- 
erpool a seat he was to 
represent with distinction for 
over two decades. Devoted to. 
the Army (even in the 1960s 
he was still known as 
“colonel”) and a fearless op- 
ponent of unilateralism. 


mm mp 

&£ % M *' 

mm mmik: 

surprising when, with . /th&. 
formation of thfc'SDP.iiewas . 
among the first to change their . 
roiours and he was to creator 
of the SDP nucleus in; the city. 
He became the party’s spokes- 
man on defence. - . ... : : 

He would have preferred to-, 

resign his seat and 
election there and 
the majority in the 



the seat under to.SDr banner* ; 

Crawshaw gave great offence 
to the left-wing of the party; 
and. when Wilson became 
party leader, his future looked 

from .1981 to 1983 
was -soundly defeated in . the^ 
general election of that- ye&t* 
coming bottom of the poll, 
decided to return to to." 
and was created a life L 
May of (ast^year. taking 
title Lord CratVshajt 
Aintree;' ~ ' 

Though rather: rouujj 
shape and below' &v 

f r K 

5S promising. snape ana oeiow. average - 

On November 22, 1967, he height he was ait aihfeticjrnaifj 
resigned the Labour Whip in fn 1972,' on a motor' 
protest against the track next to Aintree Vrac*#? 
government’s presentation of course, and ai the'riper.iiae cF 
its decision to devalue -.the 55,"he established a d$w 
pound. He indicated that fie non-stop- walking 


, i<i- : 

®S l ... ipyf.l --***■ 

ness of the situation. Wilson's lap, he declared: “ Rccontsarc* 
speech did not satisfy him. v there to be broken” T J . 

. Crawshaw was a tough- ; And so jiwastwbyearrs1aBrf|; 
talking, candid politician who - when he established yet aniwfi? 
never lost his Northern ac- ' er .world record: walkini lhcr^ 
cent Firmly setio the right of ' ally non-stop for a aistamfcbfT; 
the party, he spent his later 231 • miles. Ironically;; his£ 

years fighting what he be- 
lieved to be left-wing tenden- 
cies within the party in 
Liverpool. It was not therefore 


death Occured fofloTOfcg* 
spell oftiautmgfbryetferda^if? 
Speaker's regatta otf ^.to 
Thames. •- . . ' .{4 

c :& 

» J. • 

Mr N.G.R. Playfair 
and Miss GS.H. Ch'ng-Bagott 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mr 
and Mrs George Playfair, of 
Chislehurst. Kent and Cicely, 
daughter oCMme Ch'ng and the 
late MrCh’ng Peng Han of Ipoh. 
Malaysia. ' 

Commander A.W. Tapper, RN 
and Mrs H.R. Sack nr 
The marriage took place re- 
cently in Chippenham, between 
Commander Alan Tupper and 
Mrs Harriet Sackur. daughter of 
the late Mr Gerald Morgan and 
Of Mrs Morgan. 


Royal College of Physicians . 

Sir Raymond Ho Ren berg. Presi- 
dent of the Royal College of 
Physicians, entertained theLord 
Mayor, Sir Allan Davis and 
Alderman and Sheriff Chris- 
topher Collett at luncheon yes- 
terday at the college. Also 
present were: 

Sir Ronald and Lady Gardner- 
Ttwrw. Colonel J R L Howard. Dr P 

A Emerson. Dr A M Dawson.' Dr D A 
Pyke and Mr G M G ttw». 

Cub. Sir Humphrey Atkins. 
MP. chairman, presided and Mr 
R.M. Carver also spoke. 

Export Guarantees Advisory 

The Hon Alan Clark. Minister 
for Trade, was host at a dinner 
held at Lancaster House last 
night for members of the Export 
Guarantees Advisory CounctL 
Among those present were: 

Mr W J Benson ■ chairman of Uie 
council) with Mr E L Brooks. Mr P W 
Buinekl. Mr W Hotfitn. Mr M 

Hogbtn. Mr ... _ 

McWlUiam and Mr TW B SaUlru Mr 

and . Mr j CUL 


Lord Cledwyij of Penrhos, CH 

Lord Oedwyn of Penrhos, CH, RirfhdflVS ffidaV 
entertained the officers of the ~ 

British Veterinary Association Mr Hardy Amies, 77; Mr Tim 

at a reception at the House of 
Lords Iasi nighL 

Association of County Councils 
Sir Frank Layfield, QC, Presi- 
dent of the Association of 
County Councils, received the 
guests at a reception held at 
Eaton House yesterday. 

Rain Forest Club and Desert 

The Earl of Cran brook and Mr 
D.N. Hall, President of the 
Desert Club, presided at a joint 
reception given by the Rain 
Forest Cub and the Desen Cub 
last night at the Royal Botanic 
Gardens, Kew. 

Brooke-Taylor, 46; Sir Alan 
Cottrell 67; Mr Raymond Gal- 
ton. 56; Mr W. Gordon Gra- 
ham, 66; Mr J. M. Harper, 56; 
Sir William Henderson, 73; Sir 
William Heseltine. 56; Lord 
Lane, 68: Air Vice-Marshal S. 
W. B. Menaul, 71; Sir Gifford 
Norton, 95; Dr Marjorie 
Reeves, 81; Mr Wayne Sleep, 
38; Sir Kenneth Stowe, 59; Mr 
Donald Sutherland, 51; Mr Boh 
Taylor, 45; Miss Gwynneth 
Thurbum, 87; Judge Sir David 
West-Russell 65; Mr Terrel 
Wyatt, 59. 

Latest wills 


United and Cedi Club 
MrTom King, Secretary ofStare 
for Northern Ireland, was the 
guest of honour at a dinner held 
at the House of Commons last 
night by the United and Cecil 

Captain Sir William Fellowes, 
of Flitcham, Norfolk, formerly 
agent for the Sandringham es- 
tate, left estate valued at £65,075 

Mr Edward Michael Rose, of 
Chelsea, diplomat, left estate 
valued at £830.416 neL 

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Please a So* ai least 48 hours before 

_ Tlw croofecO shan Ba made stmehL and 
the rough placos plain: am) the story Of 
#» LORD MB be revealed. 

Isaiah AJG 


AMDOE - On ISUt July, lo J.C Gun- 
ther and Janie mie Pitcairn), a 

AUDLEY - On July 9lh. to Roben and 
EJUabeUi (nee BedTord). a son. 
Thomas James. brother for 

BOTTOMLEY ■ on July 9th at Mount 
A kern la Hospital. Guikl/ord. lo 
Larry and Phillippa trefcfi Dermis), a 
daughter. Georgina Clare, with 
grateful thanks lo all the staff. 
CARS ■ On 16ih July. 198610 Phil and 
Ann tree Humphries), a son. Richard 
Philip, in Area. Italy. 

CAUU.AY - On nth July. 1986 ai the 
North Middlesex Hospital, to Lor- 
raine and Martin, a son. James, 
GAULLAY-Ofl llth July. 1986 at the 
North Middlesex Hospital, to 
Lorrain e and Martin, a son. James. 
COFFEY - On 4Ui July, at the John 
Radrllffe HospttaL Oxford, to Sarah 
Owe Groom) and Kerran. a daughter. 

- On 29th June at St 
Thomas" Hospital to Pipe* pH* 

Lynghlj and Nick, a daughter, Lucy 


0ONLEA ■ On July 14(h, to Sue and 
Patrick, a son. Thomas. 

EDWARDS - On 12ih July, at Kings 
College Hospital, to Jennifer inOe 
Dal la Murat and Simon, a daughter. 
Alice Lydia Beatrice. 

ELIOT- On July 13th. at Ashford Hos- 
Mial. Middlesex, lo EStzabeth mee 
Lockhart) and Nikki, a daughter. 
K atherin e Maty Barbara. 

OttREHT - On »6th July, ai Mount 
AKemia. GuHdforo. to Derek and 

mil* Irtoo Blirhl « Mia 1 l. . ^ _ 

On July 9th. 1986 to Caroline 
i nee unzefl) and Andy, a daughter, 

McCOmWCK - On 13th July, at Uie 
R.F.H.. Hampstead, lo Alan and 
Arlene, a soil Karl Fraser. 

MNaiMTON - On July 16th. lo 
Jackie tnee Berry) and Peter, a son. 
Edward Geoffrey Peter. 

MUSCRAVE - on July 12th. at Queen 
Mary’s Hospital, Roehampton. to All- 
son in6e New«) and Stephen, a 
daughter. Hannah Rachel. 

MYERSCOUGH - On July 15th. to 
Mary Anne tnee Stevens) and John, a 

ROSSDALE - On July 12 Ul la Karen 

and David, a son. Christ opher Peter 

SIMON - On July 12 Ul at SI. Marys 
Hospital. Paddington, to Barry and 

. Sarah (nte MJichem), a son. Timothy 

WESTLAKE - On July 12 Ql lo Denise 
in£e Dunne) and Tim. a son. Samuel 

WHEATLAND - On June 18th. to 
Sarah and Martin, a daughter. 
Annabel, a sister for Alexandra and 


ROBERTS: LANG - On Wednesday. 
16Ui July at St. Giles Church. 
Ashtead. Brigadier Paul Roberts of 
-Wimbome to Shelia Lang, eldest 
daughter of Mrs M. D. Lang of 




July 17th. 1936 at Holy Trinlty- 
Brompton- Nicholas to Honor. 


ARNOLD - On July 15th, 1986. Dudley 
Vera EHzbeth. in he- 96th year, at 

. the Limes Nursing Home. Widow of 
Charles Arnold, mother of the late 
Tom Arnold A grandmother of 
CaroL Ben.’ Tim. Dominic & Lucy. 
Funeral Service and bunal at Sr Giles 
Church. BnadfieU. North WaBham. 
Norfolk on Monday. 21st July ai 
2pm. Family Dowers only. Dona- 
tions. if desired, to bnpenal Cancer 
Research Fund- c/o Cork Brothers. 
57a Mundesley Road. North 
Walsham. Norfolk. 

CABOT - In his 80th year, after a tong 
Illness courageously borne. Edgar 
Arthur, much loved father of Jane 
and Christopher and grandfather of 
Quentin, Rotuu. Crtsnna. Joanna and 
Penny. Memorial Service at 2-15 
pm. Bishops Nympton Church on 
Monday. 21st July, followed by cre- 
mation ai Barnstaple. No Dowers but 
donations to Marie Curie Home. 
Tiverton, please. 

CAMPBELL On 10th July 1986 in Is- 
lington. Chita Florence Ormond. 
Funeral at St Patrick's Cemetery 
Leytonstone. Thursday 24th July at 
i l.oo. am Flowers to Cooksey and 
Son. 266 Upper Street Islington NX. 

CfNNHAM - on 13U» Jidy 
Maraud era Zimbabwe. Canon 

FAIRUC-CRAKS Anita Esther • On 
July 16th. peacefully at home, be- 
loved' mother of Belinda. Funeral al 
11.00 am on Monday. 2 1st July at 
Our Lady of the Forest Catholic 
Church. Forest Row. Sussex. No 
flowers. Donations to Radiotherapy 
UmL Charing Cross Hospital. Lon- 
don W6. 

CORDON - On July IBth. 1986. 
fully at hu home. Alexander, aged 
as. Beloved husband of Pamela and 
father of Michael. Alexander. Chris- 
topher and Helen. Service at Sacred 
Heart Wadhursl on Friday. July 
18th at 5.00 pm. Family flowers 

HELPS - On July l iih 1986. Donald I- 
suddenly, aged 60 years. Father of 
Sebastian, brother of Margaret and 
Gordon. Former m em ber of London 
Philharmonic and London Sympho- 
ny Orchestras. A service will be hew 
at SL Marylebone Parish Church. 
Marylebooe Road, at 2pm. on Tues- 
day. 22nd July. Donations, if 
wahed. lo: Musicians Benevolent 
Fund. 16 Ogle Street London Wl. 

JOHNSON ■ On July 14th. peacefully at 
the Wisdom Hospice. Rochester. 
Joan Felide tnee Curry), wire of 
David and mother of Christopher 
and Bryan. Funeral private. Family 
flowers only. Donations. IT desired, 
to Wisdom Hospice, c/o R. High & 
Sons. 1 Bay ford Road. Sltiingbotinw. 

KDMEDT - On 1 1th July, al home In 
Lynungton. Brigadier Colin David 
Stuart Kennedy. CB.E.. late R.A.. 
Brigadier. Army Air Corps. 1964- 
1967. Cremation has taken place. 
Donations, if desired, to Cancer Re- 
search or the Marie Curie Memorial 
Foundation. 28 Bdgrave Square. 

KLEIN Fred - Peacefully after a long 
Uiness on July iJth. 1986. crema- 
tion al East Chapel. Golders Green 
Crematorium at 3.20 pm on Thurs- 
day. July lTth. floral tributes lo the 
Crematorium or donations ta The 
Aitshetmer Disease Society. 

isohel (n*e Orson) - On 14th 
July, peacefully at her home in 

MORGAN Brigadier John Gwynne. 
CB.E.. T.Dm D.L.. J.P.. M.D. • Al 
The Cottage, dais Road. Qydach 
near Swansea on 14lh July, 1986. 

PARKE -On July 15th. peacefully in a 
Malvern Nursing Home. Gwendoline 
Jane, aged 80 yean. Formerly of 
Lawnsjde School. Malvern. Funeral 
Mass al St Edmunds Church. College 
RtL Malvern, on Friday. July i8ih ai 
' 11.00 am. Flowers to Hollands Fu- 
neral Services. Malvern 63 * 3 . 

PELERM-On iStb July 1986. peace- 
fully al her home. Trewmt Farm. 
Hawkhurst. after a long l/fnes* 
bravely borne. Eileen Ethel aged 73 
years, win be greatly masea by ail 
her friends Funeral Service ai Tun- 
hndae Wells Crematorium on 
Tuesday. 22nd July al 3 W"- Flow- 
ers to N. B. SUM. Funeral Director. 
High SI. Cranbreok. Kent t7t2284t. 

PETERS Reverend UoaH victor - On 
1 4th July al King Edward vn Hospi- 
tal Midhursi, W Sussex. Cremation 
win take place at ChKftester Crema- 
torium on IBth July at 3.30 pm. No 
flowers. Donations. If desired, fa 
Hurting Church. Hartina nr 

- Marlory MadoeHar. 
on 14Ut July 1986. aged 91. Service 
of Thanksgiving al SL Thomas'. 
Woolton HID. near Newbury. Berk- 
shire. It am. Saturday 19th July. 
Family flowers only, but donations if 
wished Lo National Heart Foundation 
and Cancer Research. 

QUICK-SMITH - On July 15th. 1986. 
peacefully. George William Qiuck- 
Snuih. C-BE- Bamster-ai-Law. 
Devoted husband of Ida and much 
loved by lus family and many 
fnends. Requiem Mass on Tuesday. 
July 22nd at 11.30 am at St. 
Stephen's Church. St. Stephen’s 
Way. Bournemouth. Private Q-ema- 
Uon following. No flowers please but 
donations for SL Section's Church 
may be kdi io Denc-ScotL Ponxnan 
Lodge Fimeral Home. Bournemouth. 

REYHELL ■ On July IBth. peacefully 
al home after a short illness. Una 
ReynefL aged 95. widow of Rupert 
Reyneff. Cremation at Rutstfp Crema- 
torium on Monday. July 21st at 4.00 
pm. Family flowers only. 

STEAHM - On 14th July, in hospital. 
Derek V alley, aged 52 years of 
Broom Road. Teddinghxi. Loved and 
loving husband of Philippa, much 
loved Daddy of Peter. Nicola. Diane 
and Jonathan. Funeral Service will 
take place on Tuesday. 22nd July at 
12.15 pm at SL John's Church. 
Church Grove. Hampton wick, fol- 
lowed by iniemtem al (he South 
West Middlesex Crematorium. 
Han worth al 1.00 pm. Family flow- 
ers. Donations lo GunnernUsan 
Cancer Research Fund, c/o Mlso 
Marshall. Charing Cross Hospital. 
Enquiries lo F. W. Fame. U8e High 
Street Hampton HHL Middlesex 01- 
977 1206. 

TAYLOR - Suddenly at home, on lSlh 
July. 1986. Maior John Philip 
Pagan. The Cordon Highlanders 
ireCd*. Most be»ved husband of 
Heather and devoted faiher of 
Martin. Room and FeHda. Funeral 
Service at St. Mlchaers and Ail 
Angels Church. Awliscombe on Sat- 
urday- 19th July at 2.00 pm. 
followed by private cremation. 
Family flowers only. Donations, if 
desired, to the Devon Historic 
Churches Trust, c/o E. A. Dodd A 
Son. Newland. Honllon. Devon. 


KELLETT For our dearest mother 
Dorothy, both 1896. daughter of 
Charles and Julia Bland, wife of Phil- 
ip KelletL grandmother and great- 
grandmother.- who. homeward 
bound from India, died on July I7ih 
1936 after a brief illness and was 
buried in the Red Sea. 60th anniver- 
sary commemoration at St Peters 
OM Parish Churcn. Farnhorough. 
Hampshire. From her children: Eliz- 
abeth HUI. Joan Trower. Barbara 
CotUee and Richard JCefien and their 
families: Clue. Philippa and Cather- 
ine: Jonathan. William. Charforte. 
Chrtsonner. Richard and Henrietta: 
Rickman, Carotyn. Julian. Fiona. Al- 
exandra and Emma: and Sarah. 
Hugh. Annie and Thomas; with love 
and gratitude today and always. 

LEWIS. Sidney I7l_h July 1886- llth 
January 1968. Remembered with 
love. M O L. 

NIcCORMACK Brigadier John Victor. 
O.B.E.. M.C In loving memory of my 

tenter wImi iiM r-i 

Battle of Britain 


The Ministry of Defence an- 
nounces that (he Baltic of 
Britain service will be held in 
Westminster Abbey at 1 1 .00 am 
on Sunday, September 21. 
Applications for tickets, 
accompanied by a stamped self- 
addressed envelope, should 
reach the Ministry of Defence, 
SlOs(Air), Room 607, Adastral 
House, Theobalds Road, Lon- 
don WCIX 8RU. by August 18. 

Applications received after 
that dale may prove unsuccess- 
ful and, if the demand for tickets 
is excessive, it may be necessary 
to restrict issue to a maximum 
of two per applicant Those who 
are ex-Baltie of Britain aircrew, 
relatives of aircrew _who lost 
their lives in the battle, past 
members of the Royal Air Force 
and its Reserve Forces, and 
members of the general public, 
are asked to state their respec- 
tive category when applying to 
enable them to be appropriately 
seated in the abbey. 

Ticketsand a note about dress 
for the occasion will be issued 7- 
10 days before the service. 

Applications must not be sent 
to Westminster Abbey. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Peter 
Boughey. OBE, whose distin- 
guished service with the Spe- 
cial Operations Executive 
during the Second World War 
marked him as a man of 
outstanding courage and self- 
reliance, died on June 20. He 
was 74. 

He also enjoyed a career in 
industry at home and abroad, 
both before and after the war. 

Edward Peter Fletcher 
Boughey was educated at the 
Imperial Service College, from 
which, characteristically, he 
removed himself at the age of 
16 to work in a bank and to 
travel abroad. 

His business career began in 

the Middle East where he he was brought back home as 
represented a Sudanese firm^ part of an exchange of dipio-' 
during Mussolini's wars in" mats via Spain. • 

ganized clandestine - missions^ 

Ethiopia. Here, he contracted 
tuberculosis and was com- 
pelled to return home. 

He later found himself recu- 
perating m the mountains of 
Yugoslavia when war broke 
out and he was swiftly incor- 
porated in the staff of the 
British Embassy in Belgrade, 
where his specialized local 
knowledge proved invaluable. 
When the Axis powers invad- 
ed, Boughey was interned; but 

He was then posted to SOE 
headquarters where he rapidly 
rose to prominence in :the 
Balkan section. He thus be- 
came intimately involved in 
secret negotiations aimed at 
bringing Hungary out of the 
war. These came to an abrupt 
end when, on March 19, 1944, 
German troops occupied the 

From' bases in southern 
Italy, Boughey personally or- 

into Hungary. With two othef 
officers and a wireless opera^ 
tor. be parachuted inw. -to- 
country, but the whole grouj^ 
was captured!' . " '* ?? ’; m ■ 

His own ' cover - as . 
sergeant in the Black Watch?;, 
was not broken and heeyentu^ - 
ally escaped from a" PoW 
camp in . Silesia, maJdn&W: ,-. 
way eastWards to the RussianT , 

lines.' .. • ; ; : vv -. 

After the war, he spent some- 
time in the foreign service. Hi^: 
last post was Stockholm^ .-, 
where he served as ^rsf . 
secretary. . 

On his return to industry^! 
served in Teheran as.m'ana^' ' . 

' ing director.of Iranian Techn^:; 
cal Services Limited (Unitt^ 
Steel) and in to WtrraJL wbere; 
he. was commercial manage# 
for John Summers Limited: W-,: 
He then spent a fruitful - sixf 7 
years as chief buyer for the' ' 
British Steel Corporation be-; . 
fore poor health forced hira to 
retire in 1973. . £ 

A man of ebullient humour 
and steadfast character^ 
Boughey was a hard bargainer, 
no doubt, but one who insist-, 
ed that in a contract both sides 
must be satisfied. 


:*i n 

J3 & 

A ..-—.If N 




Rugby School 

Trinity Term al Rugby School 
ended on July 11 The Multiple 
Sclerosis sponsored walk raised 
more than £15,000. The athlet- 
ics team won the Cholmeley 
Shield for rhe fourth consec- 
utive year. Town House is being | 
completely rebuilt and the new 
building will be opened earl] 

1 987. The new season of Rugby 
Music Concerts will run from 
October 4, and will include 
concerts by the Royal Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra and the 
choir of King's College. Cam- 
bridge. The Advent Term will 
begin on Sunday, September 14. 

MrC. W. Shelford writes: • 
You reported today (July 
14) the death of the Hon 
Dame Ruth Buckley, DBE 
Very many people ail over 
Sussex will mourn the loss of 
Miss Ruth, or “The Dame”, as 
she was universally known. 

In the 1950s and 1960s she 
was one of the two or three 
most influential figures in 
local affairs in Sussex. 

As the first woman chair- 
man of the East Sussex Coun- 
ty Council, a most influential 

member of the South East 
Metropolitan Hospital Board, 
and a part-time member of the 
Local Government Boundary 
Commission for England 
1 958-1 966,. she was consulted 
by everyone with local 

Her great love was for 
children and perhaps what she 
would - have wished to be 
remembered for most was her 
outstanding service for the 
Heritage Craft Schools and 
Hospital at Chailey. 

This famous hospital was in 

due course taken over under 
the National Health Acts from 
Dame Grace Kimntins,^ its 

Great difficulties- arose 
thereafter due to the separfr 
tion of the school and hospital 
and the changes in the pattern 
of illness and disease. • 

Dame Ruth, with her 
knowledge of both local goy* 
em merit and the -hospital 
board, guided the . hospital 
through this difficult .transi? 
tion to the magnificent institute 
tion it is today. * „ 

gill I X 
-tonnes. ^ r -> 

mrs. r*- fK rr - 

-g fc.ina r s 

as'itiB a 

diuwrj'of rip- 

^ spnii: ?*■ r ~ 

bljRjaiB** vnp: wzs 
yrSTi E^izarre:^ cus- 
sdlRh) on &inh did 
jiashofn* vrr.cru an 
ei»Mn SK.v cr.trsnctiid 
iSiotopict? . Mt: Mis-J 
fe'? H’«. a 

erf crawn «)?’ 
atcinr>« md »;fT 
ifeC«w :hi‘ a. 

tench ?<--rtra’i al«. w:{! 
ffclien on itotiasva! 

Martin Cropper 

Gifts br 

fe)r W iilin 


s\ v ?. 


Company of 
and Lightermen 

The following have been elected 
officers of the Company of 
Watermen and Lightermen of i 
the River Thames For the ensu- 

Mr George Curry, who was 
instrumental in moulding the 
Railway Industry Association 
of Great Britain into an active 
and effective trade association 
during more than 30 years as 
its director, died on June 25. 
He was 67. 

stock and equipment technol- 
ogy, and were attended by 
over 200 senior railway engi- 
neers, many of them from 


mg year 
Master Sir Geoffrey Peacock; 
Senior Warden: Mr R. J. 
Crouch; Junior Wardens: Mr M. 
J. Turk. Mr J. G. Adams and Mr 
H. G. Mack. 


Latest appointments include: 

Curry was associated with 
many innovations on behalf 
of the railway industry, nota- 
bly the successful motive pow- 
er courses organized by the 

The first oflhese was held in 
1977. By 1984, they had 
earned an international repu- 
tation as a unique exposition 
of British traction, rolling 

Their popularity led to the 
holding of the first RIA track 
sector course in 1983 with a 
second scheduled for this year. 

As a recognition of his 


services Curry was, on his 
retirement in October of last 
year, elected a Companion of 
the Institution of Mechanical 
Engineers, a rare distinction 
awarded to those non-engi- 
neers who have rendered im- 
portant services to mechanical 

Mr George Fairweaither, the. 
architect who was an authority 
on building construction, died 
on July 13. He was 79. • . v. ; 

For many -years he .taught 
construction and structures^ . 
the Architectural Association^ 
and his main contribution id 
post-war architecture .was the 
designing of schools. 

Opposed to the building o? . 
high blocks, he warned that at 
Ronan Point, the block that 
coIlapsaJ in 1968, crutial 
areas of building work could 
not be checked, and that if 
presented what he railed Ta 
blind risk”. 

a ^ - 

5a 1 ?. 




Sir Gordon Robson to be Presi- 

dent of the Royal Society of 

Dr G. H. Stafford io be Presi- 
deni of ihe Institute of Physic 

Science report 

d.-: of 

^Sijs! ft...' 4 --’ T.ore 

•tf'Shr?- 1 '*-' 

13 tel. .•> 

SfiL 10 

^ Str- 
A ; l 3 

\ m Ki! ». 

nc hi 

Treasury appointments: 

Wr Haw Emm. Mad of^Internatloiu! 

rLswr Group: Hr oa*M poib. mm 

of Monetary Croup 

The changLng North Sea 

p. Mr Polar SKWtcK. 

' & Group: 

ftead'or'FororasB and Analysts 

Mrs Raahsl Lm4L Mad ot Financial 

By Andrew Wiseman 




ran million 

utlons and Markers Group: Mr 
MiSMiaiar- hea d of Fi scal Policy 
ip: Mr John wom. head of 
Running Costs and Superannuation 
Croup. Mr asm sure to succeed Miss 
Joan KHley. on Mr retiren 

Principal a™ 1 . 

Officer: Mr Jdftn Ottiy lo » 1 

on her reuremenL _ 
1 Finance 

.. Treasury 

Valuer on Uie rrtircroeni of Mr Paul 

Daw off. Mr_ oaonNjaowgar. r q_ qo _ on 
loan lo Die Cabinet Office: Mr Gooflray 
Fftcbaw io be a director general of the 
European commission 

Sir Angus Fraser and Mr An- 
thony Haaray to be members of 
the RNLI's comminee of 

Mr John Blake, vice-chairman 
of the Town and Country 
Planning Association, to be 
chairman of the association in 
succession to Mrs Mary Riley. 

University news 


Dr Albert Sloman is to retire in 

September 1987 having served 

"5 years as Vice-Chancellor of 
Essex University. 


iniei-natioiiai r 

£45« 909 10 Or M O Edwards and Or 
J w Murphy lo study advanced 
iniegraiM-nrruJI aids jAIDA). 

Electricit y Generatin g Boom- 

Computers Lid. 

Although the North Sea is 
going through a “relatively sta- 
ble phase in its geological 
development”, that could be a 
temporary phenomenon because 
of past dynamic changes. 

These are the conditions of a 
team of researchers from Lower 
Saxony, who, under the auspices 
of the West German Research 
Association (DFG), have been 
studying the evolution of the 
North Sea during the Ice Ages. 

To do that, Dr HaogArgStraf 
and his colleagues sank 390 
cores in the Cenman sector of the 
sea. to analyse the sedimentary 
sequences found just beta* the 
sea bed, under a thin layer of 

Some of these cores corned a 
depth of 20 metres , the majority 
from three to five. Brought to die 
surface, they provided a detailed 
picture of die alternating ice and 
floods characteristic of the Ice 

That period, can be divided 
between cold and .warm stages, 
when the North Sea frequently 
changed Its shape and size, 
depending on diroaoc con- 

lISrilMa A«r 

it melted the water levels rose, 
the coastlines changing dramati- 

• The Germans have estab- 
lished! a timetable covering the 
ups and downs of the North Sea. 
Extremely detailed as for as the 
last 8,600 years is concerned, it 
begins much earlier. 

About 115,000 years ago at 
the end of the so-called Rmtan 
K*nn phase, the coastline 
looked very much like it does 
today, with some exceptions 
along parts of Western Ger- 
many. But there was amuyc 

cold spell to come. 

It occurred daring the 
Wetcfaselian period, which was 
at its coldest between 20,000 and 
15,000 years ago, when to' 
North Sea dropped to.sdme 110 
metres below today's level The 
■ce did not reach to German 
part of the sea. but wide areas 
dried np, to ground froze to a 
great depth, its surface thawing 
only during . warmer tem- 
peratures in the summer. 

The North Sea, as we know it 

water level rose from -11^ 
metres to -46 metres .. Hie 
Germaw have not been able to 
establish whether this procegP 
was con tin nous, but ! bate 
“massed "adequate and reOaMr 
data for the past 8,600 yean-V 

Between 6,609and^io6‘ 
5?re was a steady *nd n_ 
dudD from -46' ntettes jltr -Hr’ 
“dits , at. an average rate « 

over two metres every HW 
This was foRewed fry a 

4^0 0 BC the North Sea.— 
rese only by an average hf- 
centhnetres a century. 

From then until the 

4f our-en, that rate fell tei 
than -15 centimetres 
ZOOO years ago, -the 

dropped for a 'while,' 

US' bttD ttin yadiw 


-Hie Gomans say ill 
rises coincided witfa 
horizontal afaiff of to 
with very , large 
sediment beKm* 

■ today, began ; . to *ppzar agsrin today's rVowh sSi 




ftj IH The real 
1 5£;%& tyrants 




Donald Coopar 

The race-relations industry 
came m for an unexpected 
Dherse ^rts 

S i.. Channel 4) — unexpected, ! 
:^*cause it is precisely in this , 
:T -."f Sfejk slot that one expects to hear 
v-.- 4 *o }(k%, the churoblinj? drone of lfp-i 
service against which the re- 

Revolt of the 
human will 

The Danton Affair 

*- i. ‘ ;i Ja 7^*1. porter Christine Chapman 
; : 4 <*r A , provoc^ivety and courageous- 

; - ; : -iLrn , ly tflted- “Anyone who csriti- 

V.. dzes the anti-racist lobby is 

■; -.tJ V branded a racist” was the sum 

’ -;-.r""c r. V. of Miss Chapman^ complaint. 
~ ' % There exists, in other words, a 

■ , v “tendency 11 {her term) to per- 

■ t $ ®9v suade the white majority that 

• it It remain incapable of 
- ^ civilized behaviour towards 

' ’ s, JH. 1 the coloured minority until it 
2-;:: has been comprehensively n- 

- ’ . -v^5 ife ‘ educated - a tactic which is 

: both grossly insulting and 

' " - r*!; paieatly counter-prod active 

. (my terms). 

. ‘.■“'s One mold not nmcb care, 
“■ - ‘ "T t <.S>r dunce, to be re-edncated by 

the asinine schoolteacher 

_ - ■ t white l shawn mmnrooinn o 

Buchner has bred nu- 
merous SOtb-cemury theatri- 
cal descendants but none so 
obsessive as Sianisiawa 
Przvbyszewska, a daughter of 
the Polish expressionist, who 
devoted a large pan of her 
short life (1901-35) to study- 
ing the French Revolution 
and, in particular, to challeng- 
ing the revolutionary view- 

disdaining appetite and life 
itself in the service of social 
change. The difference is that 
the play is on his side; and that 
Damon, Far from embodying a 
solitary outpost of sanity in a 
world run mad, emerges as a 
self-seeking demagogue well 
on the way to becoming a class 

point Buchner presented in 
Danton' s Death. 

* hS 

" . -"VW 

i*. r. 

801 -GHtr 

(white) shown encouraging a ! 
mostly Wack dnss to ret 
library books for instances of 
sexual and racial discrinuna- | 
tioiu eager to please, the 
children dutifully did their 
Hitier-Jngend bit on the of- 
fending works. It would have 
been hiiarioas bad it not been 
so alarming. 

Broadly supporting the the- 
sis that aati-radsts “allow 
individuals to shirk moral 
decisions 11 , Roger Sera ton 
seemed to identify himself 
with liberalism, which was 
odd, and Ray Honeyford 
showed himself to be intelli- 
gent and articulate, which was 
not so odd. 

. The character played by 
-doan Hickson in Daylight 
Robbery. (BBC2) would have 
been ideal pillory fodder in 
these latitudes. An elderly 
banker's widow more used to 
treating Kenyan servants as 
ghosts than to subsisting in 
her son-in-law’s granny flat in 
London, she deteriorated rap- 
idly frotn.spoitt old person to 
would-be bank-robber. 

Rose Tremain’s script was 
fitfully acute if bizarrely con- 
structed (why on earth did we 
see so much of the American 
couple when they contributed 
sb tittle to the plot?), but Miss 
Hickson's performance was a 

S Dtifnl creation of - arro- 
ce, dottiness and offended 
lily. Come the revolution, 
of coarse, sack portrayals will 
be forbidden on ideological 

Buchner famously offered a 
critique of self-justifying ter- 
ror applying to every such 
upheaval from [789 to Pol 
Pot's Cambodia; and located 
Danton in the midst of it as a 
man who fatally turns his back 
on virtuous carnage in favour 
of ordinary human appetite. 

In the Polish piece the 
values are reversed. The main 
characters still conform to 
their prototypes. Danton re- 
mains a great lusty bull, 
practising and proclaiming the 
rights ofindividual freedom. 
Robespierre remains a reptil- 
ian guardian of the public will. 

Whereas Buchner fatalisti- 
cally depicts ihe revolution as 
a sickness that has gripped 
mankind, the Polish author 
presents it as an affair of the 
human will. Robespierre's 
speech to this effect is the 
most eloquent defence of ter- 
ror I have ever hear. Danton 
himself is likewise trans- 
formed, from an unresisting 
victim advancing to the guillo- 

Impass toned oratory, volcanic defiance: lan McDntnmd (left) and Brian Cox as Robespierre and Danton 

tine, to a trapped animal 
fighting for bis lift?. 

As that may suggest, neither 
figure is belittled by the Polish 
viewpoint: the dialectic be- 
tween them remains as urgent 
as in Buchner. And, when I 
first saw the play in Warsaw 
iO years ago, Andrzej Wajda 
had converted both stage and 
auditorium into a single 

At the Barbican the play 

appears in a version by Pam 
Gems which — with what 
faithfulness I cannot guess — 
restores it to a world of 
historical melodrama. The 
great tirades and tete-a-tetes 
come through with full power. 
But they are surrounded by 
group scenes from which it is 
hard to withhold the stock 
comparison to schools history 
broadcasting. The personages 
form into their separate mo- 
tions for momentously blood- 

less exchanges. “Thanks to 
Camille, I have the mind of 
every man in Paris. Oh, hello 
Camilla" Shades of Ldu 
Garde Peach; though even he 
would have drawn the line at 
such prison dialogue as: “I've 
been thinking." “Well, that 
makes a change." 

Ron Daniels's production is 
nobly set (by Farrab) in a vast 
chamber glinting with tar- 
nished gold, where the 
mouldings seem encrusted 

with dried blood. History 
could fitly be re-enacted here, 
but the present rough and 
ready crowd scenes and 
undercharacterized support- 
ing performances give it small 

The central duet is another 
matter. Brian Cox's Danton, 
first seen grossly slumbering 
to the disgust of his child 
bride, proceeds to a perfor- 
mance of sustained volcanic 
defiance, from which he 

Irving Wardle 

Acoustics, as Lincoln Center pa- 
trons are reminded with depressing 
regularity, seem in recent years to 
have become an ever more arcane 
and inexact science. Thus, when the 
exterior scaffolding went up for the 
current, most massive phase of the 
renovation and restoration of the 
95-year-old Carnegie Hall, one of 
New York’s few remaining acousti- 
cal jewels, every musio-lover must 
have winced a bit 

James R. Oestreich reports from New York on the massive renovation 
now in progress at the acoustical legend which is Carnegie Hall 

Could it be even better still? 

holes in the shell most affect the 
front rows in the stalls, depriving 
them of their full share of early 
reflections. Perhaps some of the 
sound that seemed to be passing 
over our heads never made it out 
into the hall at alL This is exciting 

Nor were any inchoate fears likely 
to have been stilled when the Statue 
of Liberty emerged from its cente- 
nary cleaning and renovation some- 
what less resplendent that Big Ben, 
with huge dark stains (temporary? 
permanent? - diagnoses vary) mar- 
ring the face, neck and torch. 


Martin Cropper 

If Carnegie's acoustics suffer in 
the slightest, however, it will not be 
for lack of prudential foresight on 
the pan of the architects. The 
acoustical consultant, Abe Melzer, 
has been accorded virtually dicta- 
torial powers and, at every step, 
maintenance of the hall's fabled 
sound has been the prime consider- 
ation. In feet, the architects go so far 
as to promise acoustical improve- 
roents, at least for certain' seating 
locations and. though one has learnt 

to be wary of such claims, there 
seems ground for optimism. 

The work entered its most crucial 

S hase this spring when, immediate- 
i following a jazz concert by the 
Don Shirley Trio, the hall closed for 
seven months and work began on 
the restoration of the auditorium 
itself, to take place concurrently 
with renovation of the building's 
exterior. Already completed seg- 
ments of the S50 million master 
plan include restoration of the 
facade and entrance of Carnegie 
Redial Hall; conversion of Andrew 
Carnegie's old Masonic Chapter 
Room into the Kaplan Space, an 
acoustically adaptable room the size 
of the main stage, for rehearsal 
performance and recording; and 
much work on the building's ' 
plumbing, heating and ventilating 

Inside the auditorium the guiding 
philosphy is, in the words of the 

corporation president Isaac Stern, 
who spearheaded the campaign to 
save the hall from scheduled demo- 
lition 26 years ago, to “add nothing, 
only restore’’. There will be no 
attempt to modernize. Everything 
will receive a fresh coat of paint, and 
new seats will be installed. The 
fabric of these seats and the re- 
upholstered railings has been scru- 
pulously tested to assure sound- 
absorption properties that match 
those of the old material The 
original wood floor, ax one point 
covered with vinyl in a cost-cutting 
move, will be restored. 

This last, of course, should pro- 
vide some of what Stem calls “an 
even richer mix of the basic 
Carnegie sound”. But the biggest 
surprise to come out of the recent 
flurry of announcements was the 
description of the current state of 
the acoustical shell on the stage 
itself and of plans to restore it It 

turns out that the “leaser" curtain 
and baffles banging above the stage 

— which many of use have taken for 
granted, assuming perhaps that they 
served some acoustical purpose — 
are merely cosmetic; they actually 
detract from the sound, but hide 
gaping holes in the upper part of the 
shell The damage was inflicted in 
the mid- 1 940s — a blissful time, 
apprently, when acoustical wealth 
was simply there to be squandered 

— to provide choice camera-angles 
for the filming of the movie 
Carnegie Hall, and never repaired. 

So the sound we so treasure today 
is not by any means the ideal 
Carnegie sound, and real improve- 
ment should be possible. Of coarse 
we have long known that the sonic 
impact is fullest in the higher 
reaches — say, the front row of the 
lop hakony — but that is true in 
many houses. Still the discrepancy 
may be inordinate here, since the 

Most changes external to the 
auditorium are being carefully insu- 
lated so as to avoid potentiial 
detriment to ’he acoustics. (Air- 
conditioning ducts, for example, are 
suspended from hangers.) Others 
wilt actually prove beneficial — 
most notably, the heavy acoustical 
outside doors, to reduce ambient 
noise. Unfortunately, the rumble of 
the subway cannot be eliminated, 
but even there the hall managers are 
negotiating with the Metropolitan 
Transit Authority, and are hopeful 
of some unspecified improvement. 

The delayed new concert season 
will begin officially — too late, alas, 
to accommodate the autumn tour of 
the Berlin Philharmonic, which 
may go to. the Metropolitan Opera 
House instead — with a concert by 
the semi-resident Orchestra of St 
Luke’s on December 16. following, 
we can be sure, some sort of pre- 
opening gala. 


)i it; rki.n 

Gifts brought out of exile 



Victor Willing 

Town Hall/Radio 3 

Victor Willing has had a 

Curious career even by the 
' standards of the British art 
world, where it would be very 
difficult to define the norm. 
He was at the Slade from 1949 
to 1954, and almost immedi- 
ately made his mark with a 
number of highly expressive 
paintings in the prevalent 
manner of the day. Or man- 
ners. perhaps one should say, 
since like every young artist he 
was finding his own race by 
trying on masks — the mask of 
discreet Euston Road realism, 
&e mask of a rather more 
generalized figurative style, 
tiie mask of symbolism. Then 
in 1 957 he took himself off to 
Portugal.' where he married 
Ihe painter Paula R^o 
apparently gave up painting 
altogether for some 1 7 years. 
But in 1974 he came back, and 
began painting again with 
renewed confidence in a per- 
sonal style to which, with 
some development, he has 
adhered ever since. 

The” retrospective of his 
work, at the Whitechapel Art 
Gallery until Sunday, tellingly 
isolates the material from his 
earlier period in a little house 
bv itself ft is true that in more 
senses than the merely literal 
it stands by itself, but careful 
scrutiny will yield dues to tne 
shape of things to come. 

There are pictures which 
suggest Willing’s later, almost 
obsessive interest in assorted 
objects left randomly in some 
indeterminate space which 
confers on them a mysterious 


* ^ijuE.Vfic 

Ni 1 


. tps S®!» * m 


'it-,-- ■ - 

Michael Berkeley has the rath- 
er predous gift. which perhaps 
he shares only with Robin 
Holloway among prominent 
English composers, of not 
being embarrassed by the 
lyrical Romantic impulse — 
or, maybe more exactly, of 
being embarrassed but still 

respect, and which gives him 
access to worlds of feeling that 
might appear somewhat re- 
mote, like the world of mea- 
sured, quietly-nown love in 
the poems of Elizabeth Barrett 
Browning and Christina Ros- 
setti he sets in his new song- 

ony Songs of Awakening Love. 

going with the impulse and 
letting his embarrassment 

His music has an emotional 
directness which commands 

What must also have helped 
in gaining entry to that world 
was the knowledge that he was 
writing for Heather Harper, 
who possesses within her 
voice both the steady assur- 
ance and the vulnerability of 
the verse. She has, of course, a 
tone of ripe, even autumnal 
maturity these days, but she 
approached the work freshly, 
openly and daringly. This was 

not a famous singer come to 
distinguish a new work with 
her presence, but someone 
taking on conscientiously a 
challenge to musical tech- 
nique and expressive res- 

It was altogether a perfor- 
mance in the spirit of the work 
itself: any lack of conviction 
was all in the accompaniment, 
played by the City of London 
Sinfonia under Richard 
Hickox, for some of the 
textures were smudgy with 
mistimed entries and the 
range of feeling was muted. 

Future performances will 
have to accept, I would guess, 
that Berkeley takes his chosen 
poems as absolutely authentic 
his work is almost an exercise 

all blood 



emerges with appropriate am- 
biguity as a windbag of heroic 
proportions. Ian McDiarmid 1 s 
Robespierre, a puny, shriv- 
elled figure, delivering his 
most inhuman decrees in a 
mild legalistic tone and rising 
to a zenith of impassioned 
oratory on the theme of 
democratic terror, is a figure 
to remember and take warning 

In adapting Chaiom Anskfs 
1920 Yiddish play for the 
f980 Avignon Festival Bruce 
Myers shed the title’s definite 
article (a modish move) as 
well as the bulk of the cast (an 
expedient move), and com- 
pressed the original's five acts 
into one of 90 minutes' dura- 
tion for two players, himself 
and Josianne Stoleru. 

The piece went on to win an 
“Obie" in New York and an 
international hail of critical 
plaudits — not least in these 
columns, which observed of 
the brief 1982 run at this 
address, “London is lucky to 
have seen this production". 

Never having seen the thing 
before, I cannot tell how it has 
evolved In the interim; it is, 
however, easily the best piece 
of pure theatre I have seen for 

This is due largely to Mr 
Myers’s bravura imperson- 
ation of a hatful of roles — 
husband. Talmud student, old 
peasant woman, bride's father 
and exorcist — which (with 
respect to the admirably fluent 
and emotive Miss Stoleru) 
makes much of the play a one- 
man show rather than ihe two- 
hander advertised. The ad- 
apter's production combines 
respectful ritual with marital 
tenderness, and features one 
world-class Jewish joke. 

The story' itself concerns the 
demonic possession of a 
young woman, in the middle 
of her wedding ceremony, by 
the dybbuk or wandering soul 
of a Talmud student who died 
suddenly in the synagogue 
after uttering Manichean sen- 
timents (and Mr Myers's de- 
mise, keeling over backwards 
in a straight-backed chair, is a 
daring and flawless technical 

Her elaborate exorcism at 
the hands of a cabbalist con- 
veys all the primordial fear of 
the undead that one could 
wish to encounter on a steamy 
evening in Islington, and, 
while much of the mystical 
and scriptural content goes 
over the head of the average 
Gentile atheist, there is plenty 
here to chill all blood-groups. 

Martin Cropper 

• Linda Fmnie replaces Biigit 
Finnila, who is unwell among 
the soloists in Mahler's Eighth 
Symphony on the opening 
night of the Proms tomorrow. 

in feminist rehabilitatory criti- 
cism. The keynote is struck in 
the first and longest song, 
setting one of £B. Browning's 
sonnets from the Portuguese, 
“I thought once how Theo- 
critus had sung" where the 
awakening of love is sudden, 
but slantingly sustained in the 
music with rapturous repeti- 
tions of high F sharp: this is 
Messiaen’s love key, and the 
piece contains other remind- 
ers of his ecstatic sensuous- 
ness, as well as of the reality of 
Jove in Mahler and Britten. 

E.B. Browning sonnet, where 
Berkeley has ihe courage, 
justified as it turns out, to set 
well known lines: "How do I 
love thee? Let me count the 

Rossetti's “A Birthday" 
provides a lively interlude, 
and there is then another 


This takes up the work's 
basic musical theme, which is 
itself a song of awakening 
love, reaching up through an 
anguished minor ninth and 
then up again through a 
bright, dear fifth. It is a simple 
idea, and it is simply present- 
ed. But, as with the other 
simple truths of the piece, one 
believes in it. 

Paul Griffiths 

CaUot: FuseJier challenging and eluding definition 

City of London 
A Midsummer 
Night’s Dream 
Guildhall Old 

mean feat There was an 
appealingly bitchy Titania 
from Liz Philip Scott, veiy 
much the Joan Collins of this 
fairy dynasty. Of the rustics 
(whose accents centred ap- 
proximately on Glasgow) Ian 
Sexon's robust Bottom raised 
the most titters from this 
audience, which was not 

potency one can' only call 
symbolic. But this interest 
reaches its foil .splendour only 
in the works of the Seventies, 
when he makes his way by a 
faintly surrealist approach, ex- 
emplified for instance in Cart 
of 1978, where the endltts 
desert landscape suggests the 
dreamlike perspectives of the 
classic surrealists, to the bold- 
ly composed, brilliantly col- 
oured canvases of the Eighties. 

Here we are often ted with 
objects which, while they 
seem to be painted with 
meticulous precision, some- 
how escape definition or ex- 
planation. What is it exactly 
we are looking at in Gaflor: 
Fuseiier , for instance? No 
doubt one could chase up the 

reference and make plodding 
sense of it But why bother? 
This is the sort of area where 1 
we murder to dissect 
Hardly less magical are the 1 
series of mask-drawings first 
seen in last year's Hayward 
Annual and some of the recent 
large paintings. He is certainly 
one of the major painting 
talents on the current art scene 
in Britain, and it is hard not to 
lament the wasted years in 
Portugal. But then no doubt 
nothing is really wasted: the 
long years of inactivity as a 
painter may well have been 
necessary lo make him the 
painter he is today. 

John Russell 

Mendelssohn fared much bet- 
ter than Shakespeare in this 
concert performance of A 
Midsummer Nights Dream. 
There was nothing wrong with 
Adrian Farmer’s abridged ver- 

sion of the play, except that 
about half of it was swallowed 
up in the Gufldhairs cavern- 
ous spaces, at least before it 
reached Row U. But with 
eight actors, reading from 
scripts, standing motionless in 
front of the Scottish Chamber 
Orchestra there was a distinct 
lack of magic in this Athenian 


. -* 1 

■■ :,.4 

• • •'•.jir 

i *■ ..r" .• 







Box Office & 

Credit Cards 
01-928 2252 

STANDBY - unsold 
scats at low prices 
from lOain on the day. 

overpowering performance 
“One of the most enjoyable plays 

• ... r 

■v * 


I fear that Puck's remark to 
the audience - “You have but 
slumber’d here” — was all too 
true in some cases. Helen 
McGregor's Hermia was one 
who projected clearly through 
the acoustical gloom, and 
William Blair managed to 
convey the quicksilver nature 
of Puck's mission while re- 
maining rooted to the spot: no 

• In these constrained condi- 
tions one looked to the musi- 
cians few excitement. They did 
not disappoint. Nicholas 
Kraemer obtained some well- 
pointed playing in the Over- 
ture (the preponderance of 
horns and tuba was again 
possibly attributable to rever- 
beration quirks), a rather muf- 
fled but appealing Scherzo and 
a resplendent Wedding 
March. There were tuneful 
contributions from the sopra- 
nos Lorna Anderson and 
Loreile Skewes. while the “La- 
dies of the Tallis Chamber 
Choir” (as they were billed; 
tough on the counter-tenors) 
brought delightfully melliflu- 
ous timbre to that beguiling 
transition from the spiky mi- 
nor tonality of “You spotted 
snakes" to the wistful major- 
key theme of “Philomel with 

the appropriate words. When , 
one hears the “complete inci- 
dental music" m the concert 
hall it is not really complete. 
One loses such inspirations as 
the return of the scampering 
Overture music under Puck’s 1 
speeches, the heart-warming 
reprise of the Nocturne in the 
background of the Oberon- 
Titania reconciliation, the apt 
little entrance fanfares and l 
(best of all) the final fading of 
the Wedding March into the 1 
Overture’s “magic chords”. 
Hearing these in proper con- 
text made this rather problem- 
atical exercise worthwhile. 

Richard Morrison 



Tonight at 7.30 



i To r a b i JSt/S on', b art) 

National Westminster eank C. 

What a marvellous 
ballet Crankos 
Onegin is" . ;>.• oiw'..-- 


Kraemer was also adept at 
synchronizing Mendelssohn's 
snippets of mood-music with 

CC Bookings 01-240 '3258 
Bo.i Offfc* 01-83t> 3 lb l 
Ticker master CCbkfis 01-379 M33 



,<5 S C0PE 

A Celebration of our Century 

I Opening Nigfit I 




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Monday 28 July 7 JO pm 
£440 £SJBO £7.00 £&50 

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Hope of 

By Our Defence 

British industry could re- 
ceive another £50 million of 
work on the US “Star Wars” 
research programme by the 
autumn of next year, accord- 
ing to Dr Stanley Orman, 
director-general of the Minis- 
try of Defence’s Strategic De- 
fence Initiative Participation 

Dr Orman said yesterday 
that he thought British in- 
volvement in the programme 
could build up until it was 
running at a rale of $200 
million (£135 million) a year. 

In June, Mr George Youn- 
ger, Secretary of state for 
Defence, announced in Wash- 
ington that Britain had won 
two SDI contracts worth more 
than $14 million. However, 
Dr Orman said these were 
initial contracts and they con- 
tained options which, if the 
contracts went well, could 
raise their value to about $35 

This would be roughly the 
value of an SDI contract plus 
options recently awarded to a 
West German company. 

He said it had been inevita- 
ble that there would be a slow 
build-up of orders after the 
signing last December of a 
memorandum of understand- 
ing between the British and 
United States governments on 
British participation. 

However, there were anoth- 
er three contracts with a 
combined value of almost $ 10 
million which Dr Orman 
hoped would be signed within 
the next month or two, and 
there were others further 
down the pipeline. 

He would be disappointed if 
British companies did not 
gain $75 million worth of 
work from the 1987 bidding 
round. This would be equiva- 
lent to about 2 per cent of the 
likely level of US spending on 
SDI in that year. 

Companies would be able to 
start bidding for work from 
the 1987 propamine in 
Octoberand the United States 
was organizing briefings for 
industry to tell them what 
contracts were available. 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh give a garden party, 
Buckingham Palace. 4. 

Princess Anne attends the 
golden jubilee celebrations of 
Coram’s Fields Playground, 93 
Guilford St, WC1, 1 1; and later, 
as Senior Warden, the Car- 
mens'. Company, attends a 
court meeting and dinner. 
Stationers’ Hall, EC4, 4.20. 

The Duke of Gloucester visits 
the East of England Agricultural 
Society show, Peterborough. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
attends a concert in aid of The 
Order of St John, Free Trade 
Hall. Manchester, 7.25. 

The Duke of Kent a Livery- 
man of the Mercers' Company, 
visits the Whittington Centre, 
Rutfond Rd, SW17, 11; and 
later, accompanied by The 
Duchess of Kent attends a 
garden party, Buckingham Pal- 
ace. 3.55. 



* .**» 

John O’Sullivan in the Commons 

Heat takes rant 
out of Africa" 

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That sin king feeling: Sir Ian Perdval momentarily windsurfing before taking the plnnge again into the Thames yesterday (Photographs: Tim Bishop) 

By Robin Yotmg 

The former Prime Minister, Mr 
James Callaghan, came dose to being 
a candidate for the stomach pomp 
yesterday, when Parliament took time 
off from directing the ship of state to 
go messing about on the river. 

Mr Callaghan., who had joined a 
Labour eight taking part in the 
Speaker's Summer Regatta, In aid of 
St Margaret's Church, Westminster, 
fell in the river when the lighter 
returning him to the shore after his 
race proved overloaded and swamped. 

Mr Callaghan had the consolation 

of being able to accept a prize awarded 
to the crew in recognition of their 
stylish performance, which confound- 
ed the prediction made in the form 
guide by the veteran parliamentary 
bookie, Mr Ian Mikardo. Mr 
Mikardo wrote that with Mr Calla- 
ghan on board the. boat could never go 
foster than “steady as she goes”. 

The 100 or so crews turned out in 
lawyers' wigs, mob hats and Victorian 
bathing costumes, firemen's helmets, 
chefs' hats, ami a variety of sponsors' 

As politicians wifi, the crews 
elected to go with the tide when 

racing. The difficulty about was 
that to reach the starting line they Had 
to row against the current, and that 
proved too much for several boats. 

The first race was half an hour late 
bat won in fine style by a crew called 
Currie's Men (“with a chance”, 
according to Old Mik, “unless Edwi- 
na breaks stroke midstream to issue a 

The second race (an hoar later) set 
the tone for the day when Mrs Linda 
Chalker, Minister of State at the 
Foreign Office, anting an all-Tory 
crew called Foreign Affairs, resorted 
to the surprising sanction ®f steering 

her boat into a collision with the race 
leaders, handing victory to a scratch 
eight called the Hooray Henleys. 

Between races, and daring them. 
Sir Ian Perdval, Tory MP for 
Southport, attempted to windsurf the 
Thames, t umbling and drifting two 
yards before colliding, 

“1 am delighted,” declared Canon 
Trevor Beeson, the Speaker’s chap- 
lain and Sector of St Margaret's, 
standing on a table on the parHamer 
tary terrace with his sandeiled feet ini 
a puddle of lager and Pimms. “I 
understand the event will raise at 
least £50,000. It is quite splendid.” 

There were many things 
missing .from yesterdays 
Commons debate on South 
Africa; the well advertised 
rebellion of discontented 
backbench Tories, for in- 
stance, the fierce onslaught 
from the Opposition and, 
-indeed, much representation 
from any of the parties. 

The Commons was hold- 
ing a regatta, and the terrace 
was crowded with MPs on a 
brief holiday from burning 
moral indignation. 

• -Those who did appear 
inside the chamber were sim- 
flarfy affected. The weather 
had made them moderate. It 
was too hot to do much more 
than shout “Oh?”' from a 
semi-recumbent posture. 

No less a ranter than Mr 
Denis Healey, the shadow 
Foreign Secretary, came on 
like Sir Geoffrey Howe. And 
Sir Geoffrey himself deliv- 
ered a Foreign Office depart- 
mental brief with all the fun 
and colour left- out 

Mr Healey began by detail- 
ing all the damage that Mrs 
Thatcher -had done to civili- 
zation by her criticism of 
economic sanctions against 
South. Africa. The European 
Community, the Common- 
wealth, the .Queen — aQ the 
causes, which he and the 
Labour Party hold most dear ! 
— had been pul at risk. - 

Why so? Mr Healey's ex- 
planation of this dedicated 
destruction was that the Tory 
. Party gets vast sums from 
companies with interests in 
South Africa. It was. he 
declared with a fine sinister 
flourish, more than a billion 
pounds last year. 

“What on earth , is he 
talkingabout?” saidan aston- 
ished Tory voice, probably 
belonging to the party trea- 
surer. Several Tories took out 
pocket calculators hopefully;.. 
They might pull off another 
election yet. . 

“That is, Mr Speaker, a 
million pounds last year”, 
continued the former Chan- 
cellor hurriedly, muttering 
about the foshion in dealing 
. in huge statistical figures. 

That error, as errors do, 
woke up the opposite bench- 
es. So when the shadow 
Foreign Secretaiy launched 
into an attadc on Mrs Thatch- 
er for opposing the abolition 

of slavery in the 1830s (or for 
being the sort of person who- 
would have done so if she had 
been around then), they were : 
ready. . 

“She quotedWil&erfbrce” 
said Mr Healey* \\r .• 

“She also quoted 

Crossman” shouted back a 
Tory, reliving great moments 
in pariiameniaryKtefraie; Mr 
Healey decided to overtook 

the matter entirely; 

Eventually he readied his 
own solution which- was ; a 
“swift and strict" padage bf 
comprehensive mandatory 
sanctions that would “bring 
matters to a head quiddy". 
He wanted, for instance, to 
de-mdrietize gold so that the 
central banks could seU off 
their gold reserves,- depress 
the world price and . bring 
Pretoria to its knees. :r ~.v 

Sir Geoffrey arrived atfffe 
despatch box to; quieten the 
sleeping MPs. He began by 
responding to Mr Healey’s 
proposals. They- werejbesaid 
mildly, a hyperbolic and fan- 
ciful course of action. The 
shadow Foreign - Secretary 
bad been guilty ofcsdf-rjgfa- 
teousness. \ _ . . 

1 Thebig question, of course, 1 
was whether or pbt - the 
Government wonkL impose 
further . sanctions if President 
Botha failed to release Nelson 
Mandela or to lift the tea on 
the African: National £bn~ 
.gross. Mr Kin nock: himself 
1 demanded to be told tiro With 
no equivocation. - -v- 

"'As Foreign Seaebny, of 
course, Sir- Geoffrey.-cos® 
not tightly renounce equivo- 
cation. He promised that, fe 
tte circumstances described, 
“consideration wfiUje ghren 
to the imposition of further 

; So there would be sanc- 
tions, after all? WdL not 
neobssarily. For Sir Geoffrey 
was also insistent that .ftbere 
was no • concept . of 
antbmatidty”: about frnifaer 
measures. • . ’•••’: -v. 

. . ’ WHen he finally sat down, 
he had succeeded beyond his 
wildest - dreams. : Everything 
wasiperfectly unclear. . . 

. . Mr Heath delivered a brisk 

. warning of cteos if Sanctions 
were not imposed. If was not 
true that sanctions - had fs&ed 
in Rhodesia. They had am- 
ply taken a longtime to work. 


Princess Alexandra visits I 
Marconi Instruments to mark] 
their 50th anniversary and! 
opens the new fectory. Six Hills 
Way, Stevenage; 3. 

New exhibitions 

Edges: visual art .in various 
media by members of Hidden 
Strengths; Gty Art Gallery, The 
Headrow, Leeds; Mon to rri 10 
to 6. Wed 10 to 9, Sat 10 to 4, 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends Aug 31). 

P is for Poodle: an installation 
by three Canadian artists; Scot- 
tish National Gallery of Modem 
Art, Belford Rd, Edinburgh; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Aug 4). 

Exhibitions in progress 

Paintings by Henry Tietzsch- 
Tyler St Paul’s Gallery, Stowe 
House. 5 Bishopsgaie St, Leeds; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 10 to 12 
(ends Aug 9). 

Twenties Style: Women's 
fashion in the 1920's; The 
Museum of Costume, Assembly 
Rooms, Bennett Su Bath; Mon 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,100 

to Fri 9.30 to 6, Sun 10 to 6 
(ends February 1 1987). 

Paintings by Aleksander Zyw; 

Scottish National Gallery of 
Modem Art, Belford Rd, Edin- 
burgh; Mon to Sat lOto S, Sun 2 
to 5 (ends July 20). 

Burnley: Storyline in stone; 

Towndey Hall Art Gallery, 

Bnruky; Mon to Fri 10 to 5.30, 

Sun 12 to 5 (ends August 3). 

Works by James Gillray: the 
caricaturist; Art Gallery & Mu- 
seum, Kdv ingrove, Glasgow; 

Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Aug 10). 

Focus on tiles; City Museum 
and Art Gallery, The Strand. 

DertgTues 10 10 to 5 (ends The pOUOd 

Last chance to see 

New paintings by Susan Rae; 

Bohun Gallery, 13 Station Rd, 

Henley-on-Thames, 10 to 5.30. 

Drawi ng on the Thirties: etch- 
ings and watercolours by Edgar 
Holloway and William Wilson; 

The Open Eye Gallery, 75 
Cumberland St, Edinburgh, 10 
to 12 noon. 

Books — paperback 




























Recital by the Lord Mayor's 
Chapel Choir and Clifford 
Harker (organ); St Marie's, Col- 
lege Green, Bristol, 7 JO. 

Choral concert by the Prague 
University Ladies' Choir and 
Sylvia Cooper Choir Royal 
Victoria Hall, Soutfaboroagh, 
Tunbridge Wells, 8. 

Lower Machen Festival: Re- 
cital by Thea King (clarinet) and 
Clifford Benson; St MicbaeTs, 
Gwent 8. 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rates tor small denomi na tion DanK notes 
oily as supplied by Barclays Bank PIC. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Retail Price bidax: 385-8 

London: The FT Index dosed up 3.7 at 


Art in Action 1986: visual and .. ,, , 

performing arts and quality r8TU8lH6nt tOtifly 

crafts; Waierperry House. 
Waterperry, Nr Wheatley, 



— ■ j " mwwmw/i VUUBMTOUvJ a luuaivv 

? X0I H. , ®9 ay * Wfflorrow, Sat and Bill, completion of remaining 
Sun 10.30 to 5.30. stages. 

A Tapestry of Flowers; Si Cords (3): Gas Bill third 
Mark s. College Green, Bristol; reading, 
today, tomorrow and Sat 1030_ 


The Midlands; Ml: Con- 
traflow at junction 20 (Lutt- 
erworth). A49: Roadworks at 
Onibury, N of Ludlow, and at 
Marsh brook near Church Strett- 
on. A34: Roadworks in the High 
St, Henley in Arden, between 
Birmingham and Stratford on 
Avon; long delays. 

Wales and West MS: Con- 
traflow between junctions 8 
(M50) and 10 (Cheltenham); 
two lanes each way. A3& Road- 
works in Exeter at the junction 
with A 3 80; lane restrictions 
both ways. A55: Contraflow on 
Bodelwyddan bupass and con- 
struction work at Holywell, 
Clwyd: delays. 

The North: M6: Rebuilding 
work between junctions 32 and 
33 (M55 and Lancaster South) 
affecting both carriageways. 
\66i Roadworks at Hartington 
interchange, Cleveland; delays 
at peak times. Al: Contraflow at 
Baidersby near Ripon. 

Scotland: A726: Major road 
developments at Thomiiebank, 
Renfrewshire. M74/A74: Vari- 
ous lane closures and restric- 
tions; allow extra time for 
journey. A915: Construction 
work at Windygales. Fife. 

Information supplied by AA 



A deep depression N of 
die Shetiands will move 
away NK A weak cold 
front over SE England 
will move slowly Into the 
Continent, with a ridge of 
high pressure developing 
over S England. 

6 am to midnight 


High Tides 



1 Organ requiring a surgeon’s 
instrument (6). 

S Sound of approval for dou- 
ble present heard (4,4). 

9 Dishes filled with cold tab- 
bit (10). 

10 Animal often seen in the 
Cape (4). 

11 Investigator in the right 
about some papers (8). 

12 Potato dish that is served up 
in club (6). 

13 A Jewish measure from 'is 
bloomin' lyre in the bar- 
rack-room? (4). 

15 Soldiers pledge their clothes 

( 8 ). 

18 Excellent act worth an en- 
core (4,4). 

19 Incredible strike-breakers 

21 E. German died in Belgium 

( 6 ). 

23 Report in Virgil of a tower 
of strength (8). 

25 Inform on half the prison 

26 Riddler with a varied theme 
1 10). 

27 Gave beer free to drink (8). 

28 You want a flaming oppo- 
nent? Borrow one here! (o). 


2 Maugham's agent looks grey 
leading his study (5). 

Condse'Crossword. page 14 

3 Convict could be described 
as dogged — agreed? (9). 

4 Garment sounds right for a 

5 Pontifex at the music hall to 
see major European group 

6 Boy preparing for fight and 
sounding the oell (8). 

7 Bone used without hesita- 
tion in vegetable mould (5). 

8 Kind of remittance man al 
home? (9). 

14 Starveling's foolish talk (9). 

16 Two men are drifting, natu- 
rally bored (9), 

17 Sailor Billy has garland on a 
butterfly bush (8). 

20 Ready to help with the 
words (6). 

22 Agree to shift bore <5). 

24 Girl has got a virus (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,099 



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Pink champagnes 

In a blind tasting of 43 pink 
champagnes, the following six 
were chosen as excellent value: 

Salisbury's Rose Brut, J. 

Sainsbury (01-921 6000), £7.45; 
Besseral de Bellefon Cremant 
des Moines, Beantsson Wines 
(01-573 2316), £9^0; Eugene 
CBqiwt 1979, Whiclar Wines 
(027-830439), £11.09; Alfred 
Gratien Rose, Arthur Rackham 
and The Vintner (By fleet 
51585), £11.99; Krog Rose, 
Willoughby's of Mancbesier 
(061-834 0641), £31.59; Gilbert 
Bertrand Rose, Champagne de 
Villages (0473-56922). £8.91. 
Source: wine, July 1986. 


Births: Issue Watts, hymn 
writer, Southampton, 1674; 
Paal D e faroche. painter. Paris, 

Deaths: Adam Smith, politi- 
cal economist author of The 
Wealth of Nations , Edinburgh, 
1790; Ctartes Grey, 2nd Earl 
Gray, pofitican, Howick, 1845; 
James Abbott McNefll Whis- 
tler. .London, 1903; Alvaro 
Obrigoa, president of Mexico, 
1920-24. assassinated, Mexico 
City, 1928: George William 
■bused (AE), poet Bourne- 
mouth, 1935; Bifile Holiday, 
jazz singer. New York, 1959. 

Punch was first published, 
f$4|. Potsdam Conference, 


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Proms *86 

Proms ’86. the 92nd season of 
the Henry Wood Promenade 
concerts presented by the BBC 
begins tomorrow with Mahler’s 
“Symphony for a Thousand* ai 
the Royal Albert Hall. 

Sixty concerts will be pre- 
sented by the BBC during the 
1986 season which runs until 
September 13. F6r further de- 
tails contact the Royal Albert 
Hall Box Office: 01-589 

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Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fle et 

stock market 

FT 30 Share 

1306.3 (+3.7) 

FT-SE 100 

1597.3 (+4.3) 


aw m> 


US Dollar 

1-5057 (+0.0138) 

W German mark 

32527 (+0.0169) 


73.9 (+0.2) 

Regalian in 
£7m deal 

Kegalian Properties, the res- 
ident] aJdeveloper which has 
made its name in urban 
housing renewal, is paying £7 
million for 72 flats close to 
London's Marble Arch, 
bought from the Metropolitan 

It intends to transform these 
into luxury homes, its special* 
lty, in what is a booming 
market The scheme will be 
worth £15 million. This acqui- 
sition is being financed by a 
vendor-placing of 1.17 million 
new shares and by £565,000 in 
cash. The new shares repre- 
sent 9.8 per cent of Regali art's 
enlarged share capital 

Regalian is also to build 140 
apartments, worth £14 mil- 
lion, at Port Solent, Ports- 
mouth, the marina, residential 
and commercial complex be- 
ing developed by Arlington 
Securities, the business park 
developer. Regalian is thought 
to have paid £2 million for a 
150-year lease on the site, with 
Arlington taking a profit share 
once Regalian's target returns 
are met 

Profits double 

Dixons Group, the electri- 
cal retailer, made taxable prof- 
its in the year to April 26 of 
£78.1 million compared with 
£39.6 minion the previous 

S The total dividend is up 

- ■ Tempos, page 26 

Dollar slides 
on signs of 
weak growth 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The dollar fell sharply yes- New York, the pound was billion 
day, on new evidence of US quoted at 51.5140. Teleco 

a The pound's rise and some Trea 
betier-than-exDeeled public thatth 

beue^an^p^ public 
5 < »Z£!^i }t £S^ tl ^- Fedcr “ s * CWr Borrowing figures 
® oart * s ( ^ scount helped produce gains for gov- 
emment slocks of up to £1. 

Variousother.fertorsaffect- ^inSTv^i^ 
*5 for higher interest rates began 

Na0on H » the poind 

tonk and Trust Company of dropped sharply. 

Oklahoma. Mr Satoshi ThVw„Kiu.«it 
Suraiia, the Governor of the sect 

The public sector borrowing 
requirement was £599 million 

saying that the yen’s rise „ vrWf _ fI -- nc 
against the dollar would not expectaI ons * 
force a cut in the Japanese The June 1 
discount rate and Dr Henry the May figui 
Kaufman of Salomon Broth- There was a 
ers forecast that the dollar repayment oi 
would feJL June last yes 

The dollar lost ground Principally ^ 
against all leading currencies, payment on 
felling u> a post-war low of 5"SE*- • w , 
158.35 against the yen, and ^ 

dropping 1.4 pfennigs to " ave 
DM2. 1520 against the mark. In the first 
The pound's recovery con- the 1986/87 

mere was a net public sector 
repayment of £127 million in 
June last year, but this was 
principally due to the second 
payment on British Telecom 
shares. Without this, the 
PSBR in June (985 would 
have been about £] billion. 

would push the PSBR up by 
£600 million to £650 million 
this year. 

Further evidence of eco- 
nomic weakness in the United 
Suites was provided by a 0.3 
per cent fell in business inven- 
tories in May, and a drop in 

In the first three months of the rale at which factories 
the 1986/87 fiscal year, the were operating to 783 per cent 

$1.5075 against the dollar and 
gained a pfennig to DM3.2527 
against the mark. The sterling 
index rose 0.2 to 73.9. Later in 


almost exactly the same as in • The Government's cyclical 
the corresponding period last indicators for the economy 
year. In both periods, the confirm that growth has weak- 
PSBR benefited from £1.1 ened over the past year. 

Southend Estates I £i88m bid 

sold for £29.1m 

By Judith Huntley, Commercial Property Correspondent 

Higgs and Hill, the con- a further £3.3 million to 
struction, housebuilding and Southend if planning permis- 
propeny group, is making an sion is obtained on a site in 
agreed £29.1 million bid for Essex. Some of the land bank 
Southend Estates Group, the may be sold, thereby reducing 
unlisted housing and commer- the acquisition cost, 
dal development company Mr Brian Hill, Higgs and 
with a large land bank in East Hill's chairman, said: “We 

Anglia and Essex. 

won a competitive bid for 

The acquisition would (wing Southend Estates. The acqui- 
Higgs and Hill valuable sition is a natural one for us 





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tvt* : 

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; ■=*"* r - 
v** . • 

'.'■i.**"’.. - i 

. Eurotherm Intertiational, 
manufacturer of electronic 
controls, announced a fell in 
pretax profits from £3.49 mil- 
lion to £3.34 million in the six 
months ended April 30 as 
sales rose from £38.5 million 
to £43.5 million. The interim 
dividend was unchanged at 
1.50p. Tempus, page 26 

Magnet slip 

Profits at Magnet & South- 
erns, the timber company, fell 
from £28.2 million to £26 
million before tax in the year 
to Man* 31. Turnover rose 
from £220 million to £248 
million. The final dividend is 
3.2p, up from 2.7p, making a 
total of5_2p, np from 4.7p. 

Tempos, page 26 

Tate deal 

Tate & Lyle has agreed not 
to acquire more than 23.7 per 
cent of S&W Berisford shares 
or to exercise voting rights for 
more than 15 per cent, while 
the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission is investigating 
the proposed sugar industry 
takeover bid. 

Bestwood bids 

Bestwood, the investment 
holding company unsuccess- 
ful m its bid for Country 
Gentlemen’s Association this 
month, yesterday launched a 
£16-3 million bid for Barne 
Investments and Finance, the 
property, lending and leasing 

Comment 23 Commodities 24 
Stock Market 23 LLSM Pnces 24 
Foreign Exdi 23 §ta«* Prts 25 
Traded Opts 23 Te*n»s 26 
Money Mrfas 23 Cmpny News 26 

housing land ready for devel- 
opment and 1,000 acres of 
agricultural land in the eastern 

for devel- and will enable us to expand 
acres of our housebuilding operations 
he eastern In a new area. East Anglia, 

counties with long-taro resi- where land prices have risen 
dential development by 10 per cent a year. After the 
potential. acquisition. 50 per cent of our 

Higgs and Hill is offering profits will come from 
100 ofits shares for every nine housebuilding and property. 
Southend Estates' shares at The combined group will 
£65 per share, with a partial build 500 residential units a 
cash alternative valued at year." 

£61.94 per share. The compa- Southend Estates' coramer- 
ny already has acceptances for dal property portfolio will be 
27.6 per cent of the Southend rationalized and sales are 
shares. imminent Higgs and Hill's 

The offer is conditional on a gearing will rise on the acqui- 
minimum valuation of £19 sition but the effect will be 
million for four residential small owing to Southend's 
sites, expected to show a £1 7.5 conservative borrowings, 
million surplus over book Higgs and Hill's shares rose 5p 
value. Higgs and Hill will pay to 590p on the news. 

Rover Group names 
three new directors 

34 Wall Street 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

The depleted ranks of the 
board of Rover Group, for- 
merly BL, were boosted yes- 
terday with the appointment 
of three directors, two of them 

Mr Graham Day, the new 
Rover chairman and chief 
executive, reacting to the res- ^ 
ignations of two senior execu- 
tives, Mr David Andrews and 
Mr Ray Horrocks, has ap- 
pointed Mr N J “Mike" 

Carver, director of business 
strategy, as an executive 

Mr Archie Forster, aged 58, 
chairman and chief executive m 

of Esso UK, and Mr Edward formerly wi 
Dawn ay. aged 36, a director of Enterprise B< 
Lazard Brothers, become non- the same ; 
executive directors. Edwardes ir 

Mr Carver, who is 64, and charge of gro 

Graham Day: reacting 
to resignations 
formerly with the National 
Enterprise Board, joined BL at 
the same as Sir Michael 
Edwardes in 1977 to take 
charge of group planning. 

Bank’s finance 
chief expected 
to resign 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Standard Chartered is ex- fence Standard had main- 
peered to suffer the first high tained chat its board rejected 
level resignation from its the offer unanimously. Under 

board following the failure of takeover rules, any director 
the £13 billion bid by Lloyds dissenting from documents 

billion payments on British 
Telecom shares. 

Treasury officials believe 
that the PSBR is running on a 
course consistent with the 
achievement of the £7.1 bil- 
lion target for the foil year. 
However, there are worries in 
the City that lower oil prices 
and a possible shortfall on 
privatization receipts could 
push borrowing above target 

According to IfKtependeM 


Bank last Saturday, when Mr 
Stuart Tarrant, the chief fi- 
nance officer, returns from 
holiday in two weeks' time. 
Mr Tarrant has been with the 
bank for six years and became 
a main board director in 1 984. 

Mr Michael McWilliam, 
group managing director, said: 

sent out by the defending 
company must be named, but 
Mr Tarrant was never 

Standard maintained that 
Mr Tarrant had put his name 
to all the documents in the 
bank's defence. Mr 
McWilliam claimed that 

“1 have not yet had his letter “technically, legally and for- 
of resignation but obviously mally we had a unanimous 

expectations. Ch* (Item) calculations, an 

t. . . MDn _ . . oil price of $10 a band, 

ikT* ^ U c e ^ B Xi W f s Jir 0W compared with the Treasury 
ihe May figure of £1.1 billion, assumption of $15 a barrel 
There was a net public sector wou Id push the PSBR up by 
repayment of £127 million m r«v> mnn™, tn ffiVl millinn 




■ v:' 

► } \ > .y 4.V. v ' . , . 

v. , 

V T 

‘too cheap 9 

By Our City Staff 

AE, the automotive compo- 
nent manufacturer, yesterday 
accused Turner & Newafl of 
trying to buy its technology on 
the cheap Turner & NewaU's 
part-share, pan-cash offer val- 
ues AE at £188 million. 

Sir John Collyear, AFs 
chairman, said his company's 
research and development 
spending was running at 2.6 
per cent of turnover, but at 
Turner & Newall it accounted 
for only 1.6 per cent of last 
year’s turnover. He was re- 
sponding to Turner & New- 
ail's formal offer document, 
which was released yesterday. 

Mr Colin Hope, who 
worked for AE for 11 years 
until 1975 but is now manag- 
ing director of Turner & 
Newall, said: “AE is not a dog. 
h is a tethered greyhound." 

He said there was little 
overlap of product and there 
would not be any laige ration- 
alization of production as a 
result of the bid. “This is not 
an issue of dosing factories 
and putting significant num- 
bers of people out of work" 

The terms of the bid are six 
shares plus £6 in cash for 
every 10 shares in AE, valuing 
each AE share at I90p. with 
Turner & NewalJ at 21 6p 
yesterday. AFs shares have 
remained above the bid price 
since the bid was launched last 
month and yesterday stood at 

Turner* Newall is forecast- 
ing an increase in profits and 
earnings for this year and a 50 
per cent increase in dividend 
to not less than 7.5p. 

In a letter to shareholders, 
Sir John described Turner & 
Newall as a company beset by 
“inherent and serious 
problems". He said 40 per 
cent of its profits came from 

Turner & Newall said the 
acquisition would help com- 
petitiveness and market pene- 
tration, lead to savings in 
reasearch and development, 
administration, distribution 
and marketing, and give rise 
to tax savings of more than £6 
million a year for three years. 

Sir Philip Harris: £8 milium boost 

Hopes of savings 
lift Harris shares 

things can never be the same 
again. Mr Tanant has gone 
away to think about bis career 
and he may wish to consider 
his foture with another 

Mr Tarrant differed from 
the rest of the Standard board 

be same board". 

as gone At the same time there were 
is career rumours in the City yesterday 
insider that Mr Robert Holmes fi 
another Court, the Australian entre- 
preneur who participated in 
id from Standard’s last minute de- 
-d board fence, has been buying more 

in believing that a takeover of of the bank's shares, which 
the group by Lloyds was in rose from 722p to 732p. 

By Alison Eadie 

Sir Philip Harris, chairman finance company to service 
of Harris Qneensw^y, yester- HQ's Impact credit card, 
day said he expected to make which Sir Philip hopes will 
savings of £8 nulfkm this soon be in use throughout 
financial year from amalgam- GUS stores as weQ as his own. 
a ting the Times Furnishing When tile company starts op 

stores bought from Great Uni- on January 1 it will have £]20 

versa! Stores with Harris Fur- 
nishings. The Harris 
Furnishing name win go.’ 

He also expects to increase 
turnover at Times by 10 per 
cent this year with better 
distribution and service to 

million gross credit and 
500,000 customers. 

HQ will raise £50 mOlion to 
£55 million from selling Times 
Furnishing's credit to the new 

Other plans include the 

customers. Sir Philip yester- bunch of a discount carpet 
day exchanged contracts with chain in some Home Charm 
GUS on the £135 million stores and the conversion of 
acquisition of Times Furnish- others to household textile 

mg. Home Charm and GUS’s 
20 per cent stake in 
Ponndstretcher, the HQ sub- 

His remarks found favour in 

stores . 

Sir Phffip, whose retailing 
empire now covers 1,400 
shops, said he thought the deal 
was a good one when it was 

tiie City, which had had some agreed in May and be thought 
doubts about the price Sir it an even better one now. 

Philip was paying- Harris 
Qneensway shares bounced 
I2p -higher to 250p. 

He had no comment to make 
on speculation that he is the 
heir apparent to the CUS 

Sir Philip disclosed that be empire, where co-chairmen Sir 
will pay £123 million annual Isaac Wolfson is 88 and Lord 

rent to GUS. which will retain 
the freeholds and most of the 
leaseholds of the stores. 

A new credit joint venture 

Wolfson is 59. 

Sir Philip, through the deal, 
has a non-executive seat on the 
GUS board and CUShasa23 

will be set np with GUS and a per cent stake in HQ. 

TV-am offer 
draws £170m 

Standard's best interests. But 
the City was surprised yester- 
day when the extent of his 
support for Lloyds emerged, 
because throughout its de- 

jump at 

By Clare Dobie 

HP Bulmer, the Hereford 
cider maker, yesterday an- 
nounced plans to increase 
advertising on cider by nearly 
50 per cent to arrest the 
decline in sales. 

The company also an- 
nounced increased pretax 
profits of £1 1.8 million for the 
year to April 24, up from £7.52 

But most of the increase was 
accounted for by the absence 
of redundancy costs, which 
dented the previous year’s 
results by £3.34 million. In 
addition, £512,000 of excep- 
tional credits and an account- 
ing change, which added 
£21 8,000 to profits, contribut- 
ed to the increased profit 

Turnover was up from £155 
million lo£J71 million but in 
volume terms, cider sales fell 
by 4 per cent in line with the 
industry. Bulmer expects sales 
to pick up again this year. 

Buhner's total advertising 
budget is running at £8 mil- 
lion, of which £6.5 million, up 
from £4.5 million, will be 
spent on cider. 

The company says H wet 
comes the Chancellors deci- 
sion not to increase duty this 

Sales of Perrier, the mineral 
water which Bulmer distrib- 
utes, were up by 30 per cent to 
60 million bottles. 

The final dividend in- 
creased from 2.66p to 3.05p. 
to a total 3.3p, up from 4.9p. 

There was also speculation . 
that Standard's shareholders 
would pressure the bank into 
accepting a new bid from a 
foreign bank. 

Unit trust 
to close 

By Lawrence Lever 

Unit Trust Management, 
the glossy magazine for unit 
trust intermediaries and man- 
agement companies launched 
in June last year by the 
Financial Times Business In- 
formation company, is to fold 
with losses of about £130,000. 

The magazine has suffered 
losses of between £8,000 and 
£10,000 on each of its 14 
issues in direct costs alone. Mr 
William Gibson, the publisher 
of FTBI magazines division, 
said yesteraay that disap- 
pointing advertising revenue 
and the limited growth pros- 
pects for the market account- 
ed for its downfeU. 

“There is a limit to the 
ammounl of advertising that 
people are prepared to direct 
to intermediaries," Mr Gib- 
son said. 

The management had con- 
sidered alternatives to closure, 
-such as broadening its cover- 
age beyond unit trusts, but 
none of these had provided a 

A proposal has been put to 
the unions represented on the 
magazine that it should be 
discontinued. According to 
Mr Gibson the management 
does not intend to make 
anyone redundant, but plans 
to redeploy staff. 

Mr Gibson said that the 
magazine, which increased its 
cover price from £1.50 to 
£1.75 this year, had built up a 
circulation of about 10,500. 

TV-am ’s offer for sale was 
nearly 10 times oversub- 
scribed, with app ,; cations to- 
talling £1703 million chasing 
£1 5.8 million-worth of shares. 

Applications for between 
20 0 and 800 shares will go Into 
a weighted ballot for 200 
shares; for 1,000 to 3,000, 
there will be a ballot for 300; 
for 3,500, applicants will re- 
ceive 300; for 4,000 to 5,000 — 
400 shares; for 6,000 — 500; 
for 7,000 to 8,000 - 600: for 
9,000 and over — about 7.5 per 
cent of the application. 

Cleveland Securities, the 
licensed dealer, was quoting 
the shares on the grey market 
at I40p/145p yesterday, 
against an offer price of 130p. 
Cleveland said the shares have 
traded up to 152p/158p. 

Dealings start on the stock 
market next Wednesday. 

market summary 


New York 

Dow Jones 
Nikkei Dow 

Hong Kong: 

1782.62 (+13J2) 
17701X90 (-181.90) 

Sydney AO — 1 

Commerzbank • v 
Brussels: __ 

General — 65 , 

Parte GAC 

Zurich: . Q 

SKA General w 

London closing prices 

1789-7 (-658) 


4S8JB0 (-16.7) 
cos Page 25 



3SS^eligiWeMI«9 u ' e ^ %% 
hging rate 

Prime Rate 6% 



§aXO. 9?2p(+22p) 

Higgs SHrtl 595p j+IOpj 

Magnet 4 Southern ... 1 84p(+12p 

Howden lMP(f£P| 

Bejam — j*®P 

Home Counties Nws .-1t& (+5p) 
Harris Queensway 250p (+I2rt 

Rothmans B 167p |+7m 

lasmo 98p (+10pj 

Utd Real 850pj+15p) 



Strong yen makes Japanese 
wages highest in world 

Tokyo (Renter) — The 
strong you has pushed Japa- 
nese wages to the top of the 
world table, wiping (rat the 
competitive advantage once 
beM by the country’s manufac- 
turers, according to industry 

Wages of Japanese workers 
have risen dramatically on a 


The rise is forcing many 
companies to abandon part of 
their domestic production and 
to set up new factories over- 
seas where cheaper labour 
costs keep production prices 

dow®* „„ . 

The yen’s surge has propelled 
the real monthly wage for 
Japanese workers in manufac- 
turing to $1,872 (£1,239) from 
$1,188 at the end of Septem- 
ber, according to the Labour 
M inis try. 

This surpasses $1,671 for 
American workers, who ased 
to be the best paid, $1380 for 
West German workers, and 
$1310 for British workers. 

Calculations based on 160 
yen to the dollar show Japa- 
nese wages are now about 
eight times higher than those 
in South Korea and about 63 
times those in Taiwan. 

Wages in some American 


London fixing: 

£ DM3.2527 
£ SwR2.6332 
E FB105050 

£ Yen23934 

£ lndex:73-0 

New York: 
$: DM2 1475 
£ index 112*9 

ECU £0.655030 
SDR £0-753214 




Brent (Aug) “$9.40 bbl ($935) 

The yen's 37 per cent climb industries such as those of car 
to about 160 to the dollar has workers may still be higher 
ranted the tables against Jap- than their Japanese (Mr 
anese manufacturers. leagues, but the average fig- 

Mr Takashi Kiuchi of the mes reflect a dramatic change. 
Lone-Term Credit Bank of Hourly manufacturing 
JamuB sSh “if tihey don't wages n» 1984 m the United 
produce overseas, Taiwan and Stales iwere more than 50 per 
Loth Korea will successfully ant higher than m Japan; 
XuBPete with Japanese firms Canadians were second high- 
abrtSd and start exporting est paid; Australians third and 
even to the Jap* 1 **** market.” Japanese fo rth. 

However, Japanese manu- 
facturers can do tittle about 
the problem because annual 
wages have risen by only 5 per 
cent in yen terms. 

Companies such as 
Matsushita Electric Industrial 
plan belt-tightening measures 
to keep costs down. But room 
to trim expenses further is 
limited because companies 
have already cut many finan- 
cial corners over the last few 
years to offset poor sales 
worldwide doe to slow consum- 
er demand, one economist 

Companies have achieved 
quick effects by slashing capi- 
tal investment, but such arts 
amid emasculate future per- 
formance by inhibiting re- 
search and development, he 

Moves abroad are now the 
main option. Matsushita plans 
to maint-ain its market share 
by eventually increasing over- 
seas production to 25 per cent 
of its total from 14 per cent last 
year, a spokesman said. 


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laiNcfrS Ai'su niSAi\C£ 

Boom in ‘temps’ gives 
the Stock Exchange 
a new growth industry 

cmieibra - 


logic. The emphasis is on 
proof-reading, formatting and 
manipulating text at speed. 
Only ; a fraction of the 
country's 13 million typists is 
trained for this." 

By Cliff Feltham 

; The office "temp" is here to 
■ stay More companies are 

using temporary staff because. 

1 the long run, it gives diem 
■ roster flexihilitv than hiring 

' greater flexibility than hiring 
: permanent employees. 

• One recruitment boss said: 

■ “Firms now realize that it is 
* cheaper to bring in a temp to 

■ liplp out with a sudden rush of 

■ work than taking on more 
1 permanent staff who will still 

■ have to be paid and given 
: holidays when times are 


The demand for temporary 
staff has fuelled a spate of 

■ mergers among the recruit- 
: ment agencies. 

: 'Mr Tony Berry heads the 
: Blue \rrow group, which has 

1 spent more than £40 million 
I in the past year buying the 

- Reliance group. Brook Street 

■ Bureau, and the Hoggptt Bow- 
. ers executive recruitment 
. chain. 

- Mr Berry sees no end to the 
present boom. “Around 70 per 

* cent of our business is placing 
1 temporary staff, if a firm gets 

- into trouble, n cuts its employ- 

■ ees earning £30.000 a year. 

* The temp stays to the end." 

r Hestair. a nval firm, recent- 

* 2ly paid £ 1 0 million for the JSD 

Computer Group, which sup- 
plies key computer personnel, 
adding to the two London- 
based bureaux, Atlas and 

Rand, purchased two years 

a go 

The sector has caught the 
imagination of the stock mar- 
ket. Analysts say profits could 
soar to £8 million this year, 
compared with just, over £2 
million last year. 

Mr David GrimUey of Phil- 
lips & Drew, the stockbroker, 
says: “The sector is experience 
mg a period of strong growth, 
largely reflecting the rapid 
expansion in the demand for 
temporary staff which has 
now overtaken the placement 
of permanent staff as the 
major source of agency 

“Whereas the demand for 
permanent staff placements 
has traditionally been subject 
to cyclical fluctuations, this is 
much less so for the demand 
for temporary staff. Indeed, 
the more uncertain the market 
background, the greater the 
benefit of flexibility provided 
by temps." 

Observers point out that 
although the direct wage costs 
of temporary workers may be 
up to 50 per cent more than 
for permament staff, it is 
nothing like this amount once 
the overall employment costs, 
such as National Insurance 
contributions, training, re- 
cruitment and paid holidays, 
are taken into consideration. 

A survey conducted by the 
Henley Forecasting Cfentre 
found that the hourly cost of 

The demand for temporary 
staff is not confined to the 
office, but extends to sub- 
contract staff in the engineer- 
ing. building, maintenance 
and computer areas. 

Mr Leonard Allen, director 
of the Federation of Recruit- 
ment and Employment Ser- 
vices which represents 1300 
agencies, said: “It is estimated 

, dgCUUCd, ti is 

>.,**&**. that between 7 and 10 per cent 
0 f the working population is 
now in some form of tempo- 

A recruitment 
agency window: 
a sight 

be c oming more 
famifiar in the 
Hah street 

employing a permanent secre- 
tary on £10.000 a year is £8.06 
whereas a temporary worker 
would cost £S- A temporary 
accountant — in high demand 

Lesha Lee) 

— would cost £10.75 an hour 
compared with £11.97 for a 
fUll-time employee. 

Manpower, which employs 
45.000 staff in Britain, found 
that nearly half the firms in 
the production and service 
areas had reported a rise in the 
use of temps over the last 
three years. 

Mr Tony Hoskins, 
Manpower's marketing man- 
ager, said firms enjoyed the 
flexibility provided by tempo- 
rary staffbut also needed them 

for specialist work. “Once we 
were looked upon as pulling 
people out of the workforce 
and redeploying them some- 
where else. Now we are recog- 
nized as suppliers of skilled 
part-time employees. 

“Manipulating text or data 
on a visual display screen calls 
for entirely different skills 
from that of a typist No 
longer is a 60-words-a-minute 
typist sufficient- The operator 
must work with symbols, un- 
derstanding the computer's 

ment tightened up employ- 
ment legislation. But I don't 
believe it would have any 
effect If the law makes it that 
much more difficult to dis- 
miss people, then firms will 
have an ever greater incentive 
to take on temporary staff who 
can be laid off at a moment's 










PLANS FOR 1986/7 


* Group turnover (inc. VAT) now 
exceeds £1 billion 

* £50m shop expansion programme 

* Over 100 new stores 

* Retail Division, profits have 

increased from £31 .2m to £65.5m * 175 store refurbish ments 

* Dixons sales are up 26% 

* Currys performance has been 
transformed. Sales are up 27% 

* Dixons sales per sq. ft. at £633, 
are up 15%, and Currys at £520, 
are up 21% 

* Photo-processing profits are 
up 67% 

* Power City space expansion 
of over 50% 

* New Financial Services Division 
for consumer credit and extended 
warranty insurance 

* New photo-processing laboratory 
in Wimbledon to service Central 



i Currys U WALLACE heaton 


TRUPRinr Trrr?ronrh JMjjgag mastercare 

Dixons Group pic.. Dixon House, 18-24 High Street Edgware, Middlesex HA8 7 EG. , 


over Green Belt p 
for super shopping 

now in some form of tempo- 
rary employment, ranging 
from secretarial to nursing, 1 
computer programming to or- , 
dinary factory' work. We are 
beginning to see the start of a 
new pattern of work where 
. manv of us are not going to 
work for one firm for 40 years 
but hire ourselves out to a 
number of different firms." 

Some people in the indus- 
try, however, are concerned 
that the return of a Labour 
Government could see a 
change in the employment 
laws, making it difficult to 
take on temporary staff. 

By Judith Huntley 

Town & City Properties, 
part of Sir Jeffrey Sterlings 
P&O Group, has increased the 

size of its out-of-town shop- 
ping centre planned near the 
Ml and M25 motorways in 
Hertfordshire to 900.000 sq ft 

The company has put in a 
new planning application to St 
Albans District Council for 

750.000 sq ft of retailing and 

150.000 sq ft of leisure space. 

The application is the result 

of increasing demand from- 
retailers for space in out-of- 
town centres. 

Mr Ron Jennings, Town & 
City’s joint managing director, . 
says: “We were being deluged 
with demand for space so we 
had another look at the figures 
and increased the size of the 
scheme. We could have gone 
up to one million sq ft of 
retailing but road capacity 
resulted in the 750,000 sq ft 

Town & City’s site, at 
Bricket Wood, part-owned by 
the Department of Transport, 
is in the Green Belt, which has 
already provoked uproar from 

St Albans District Council 
is waiting for the retail impact 
study for Town & Gty’s 
smaller application. There will 
have to be new impact and 
traffic studies for the latest 
scheme, which has another 
1,500 parking spaces, bringing 
foe total to 5300. 

Town & City named 
Savacentre as its anchor ten- 
ant in foe original plans, but 
that name does not appear on 
the latest application. Town & 
City says it has stopped 
putting names to applications 
because of the fluid state of the 
market and the volume of 

Quite apart from the issue 
of developing in the Green 
Belt, foe District Council is 
opposed to out-of-town retail- 
ing. Town & Country knows it 
will have a fight on its hands, 
probably involving a public 

Its decision to increase the 
retail element of the scheme as 
well as foe leisure side is 
interesting considering experi- 
ence at the 2 million sq ft 
Metrocentre in Gateshead. 
Tyne and Wear. Mr John HalL 

But Mr Grimbley points 
out “Some people argue that 
foe current boom could 
change if a Labour Govern- 

j/ScV' -*3^ M. 

Haslemere Estates, bow 
owned "by Rodamco, the 
Dutch fund, has com- 
pleted its reforbishaient 
of 21 College HflL above, 
in die City of London. 
The seventeenth-century 
building has 4320 sq fit of 
offices for which the. ask- 
iitg rent is £125,000 ayear 

on a 25-year : lease. The 
buOdhtg iir in .the middle 
of a; : site 'taking | in; Die. 
Skinners" ! Hall and . the. 
Skinners Company 
granted, the dereloptt a- 
long l£ise for the hold- 
ing. The' letting agent is 
Robleder Lumby. V.- 

the developer, has reduced the 
amount of leisure space pro- 
posed at Gateshead to 70,000 
sq ft after market research 
showed that only a small 
amount would be financially 

Mr Hall says: “A lot of 
leisure does not >ay. It is not 
as simple as I thought and 
there is not foe money at 
Gateshead foal I had original- 
ly believed to support a larger 
leisure development" 

A timely warning for those 
developers planning enor- 
mous retail and leisure 
schemes across foe country. 

The Town & City case is 
different as regards the leisure 
element of its Hertfordshire 
scheme. It is located in oneof 
foe most affluent areas in the 

Its decision to increase the 
proposed leisure space result- 
ed from demand mom opera- 
tors wanting to build multi- 
screen cinemas, sports 
facilities and the like 

But as. Mr Jennings points 
out “We have to have regard 
'for that demand bur the exact 
nature of foe final scheme is 
likely to after as time goes on.” 

There is no doubt that the 
Gateshead Metrocenlre, seen 
by Mr Hall as the forerunner 
to other similar ventures, is a 
development success. The 
scheme is 95 per cent let and 
according to foe developer, an 
additional 250,000 sq ft of 
space could have been let . 

But foe finances of the 
Metrocentre add up on the 
strength of the capital allow- 
ances available in the enter- 

successful formula on other 
sites where there are no such 
fiscal advantages and compe- 
tition is great 

ft at EXeterJoining a throng of 
other, developers vying for the 
chance to develop .retailing 
close to the dty, and another 
similar sized Metrocentre is 

planned for Walsall in foe 
West Midlands in competi- 

West Midlands in competi- 
tion with foe Carroll Group. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, ' the 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment, is going to have 
a testing time giving his 
decisions, not only on Town & 
Gty’s Green Belt scheme but 
foe host of other similar sized 
shopping . centres proposed 
around the M25 motorway, 
and ’ elsewhere across foe 
country. _ • •• 

Two key issues are at stake 
here: the future of town centre 

prise zone. It may be harder 
for Mr Hall to repeat his 

here: the future of town centre 
retailing within fundamental 
changes in retailing and its 
shift to out-of-town; and 
whether development, of any 
kind, should be allowed in the 
Green Belt. \ 

Arlington expects go-ahead 
for £ 60 m office scheme 

Arlington Securities, the 
business park developer 
which recently came to the 
market, is set to obtain foe 
Gty of London 
Corporation’s blessing for its 
£50 motion, 210,000 sq ft 
office development at 
Barnard’s Inn, Hotbom. 

The Corporation’s Court 
of Gmunoo Council is expect- 
ed today to approve foe 
scheme, which Arlington is 
undertaking with the 
Mercer’s Company. The 
scheme complies with foe 
City’s new plot ratio of 5:1 
and involves retaining the 
existing listed facades. 

The area roand Fleet 
Street and Holbont, which 
will soon cease to be home 
for foe newspaper industry, is 
seeing a boom in office 
rents as space in die Square 
Mile becomes increasingly 
hard to find in the build op to 
big bang. Arlington reports 
interest in the development 

• Mr Matthew 
Oakesbott’s appointment as 
investment director at the 
newly structured Stewart En- 
terprise Investment Com- r 
party, now called Value and 
Income Trust, wfl] be a test 
of his philosophy of buying 
secondary property for 
long term high returns. 

Mr Oakesbott, regarded 
in some property circles as a 
heretic, says: “We have as . 
unprecendented situation in 
.UK investment property 
where yields on certain types 
of property are higher than 
gifts, and it won'tlast.very 

His view is that an in- 
vestment trust, structured in 
foe way that VTT now is, is ■ 
a better product for investors 
than a unitized investment 
vehicle. Mr Oakesbott is bay- 
ing property, through a 
vTT subsidiary, Andax Prop- 
erties, at yields which are 
higher than foe fixed interest 
debenture money arranged 
by the trust. 

Unlike property suits or 
securities, VIT is buying 

wholesale and selling retail 
in unfashionable areas such 
as secondary retail and in- 
dustrial buddings. 

He is backing his own 
Judgement He and his co-in- 
vestment director, Mis 
Angela Lascelles, own 5 per 
cent of foe company with 
Coartanlds Pension Fund, 
their former employer, 
bolding 12 per cent The Scot- 
tish American Investment 
Company was SElCO’s hug- 
est shareholder and will 
have 25 per cent of VJT with 
the Merchant Navy Offi- 
cers Pension Fond holding 7 

• It is too early to boy 
(vestment property in He 

investment property in Hous- 
ton, Texas, the American 
city notorious for its oversup- 
ply of office space, but not 
too early to look, according to 
Salomon Brothers, foe US . 
finance home. Property prices 
do not reflect foe reality of 
foe Houston ecomony, which 
is heavily dependent on oil, 
and which continues to 

■ Office rents have fallen 
by 51 per emit since foe peak 
in 198] ami almost no 
space was taken up last year 
-compared wifo annual fig-.. . . 
ores of 8-11 million sq ft in 
the early 1980s. 

There is now more than 
140 million sq ft of offices in 
Houston with a vacancy 
rate of 28 per cent, a situation 
; which will hot improve un- 
til 1988, according to the 

• Savflls, the firm of es- 
tate agents, has welcomed the 
Royal Institution of Char- 
tered Sarveyors’ decision to 

allow its members tobe- 
come limited liability anapa- 
nies without losing their 
professional membership, Mr 
George Inge, the maaagirtg - 
partner of Savflls, sald^To 
date we have' been able to j 
finance Sarills’ expansion ■/- 
from oar own resources but 
I recognize that this may- V. 
change in the figure as we - - 
increase the scale of our bnsi-’ . 
ness to meet the demands ; . 
and competition from the .. 
City” : 

It s a view Shared by - : 

Richard EUis, which estab- 
lished its financial services-; 
unit some time ago anud mhch 
speculation that that part r . 
of foe firm wookt be floatedon 
the stock market if R1CS 
rales allowed. - - - . • •• . 

• Industrial rents are 
growing faster than office “• 
rents for the first time 
since 1979, says Jones Lang 
Woottoo, foe firm of sur- 
veyors, in its report on indus- 
trial anti office rents fa 50 
towns and cities. 

The reason for this is ' 

well located industrial 
space on the market and de- 
mand in the last year has 
been improving. 

Overall, office rents in ' - 
the 50 centres rose by 6 per 
cent in foe last year with 
industrial rents rising by 7 par 
cent' oatstrippmg inflation. 
Between 1959 and 1986 JLW^ 

1X5 percent. with inflation 

On the industrial front,' - 
the agent reports rental !: v • 
growth of 7.7 per cent be- 1 
tween- 1979 ami 1986. 

Martin Ford: Mr Ronald 
Aftken has been, made non- 
executive chairman, and Mr 
Nicolas Wallis. Mr Irving 
Aronson. Mr Jeffrey Wallis, 
Mrs Marlene McAfee and Mr 
Edward Leighton directors. ; ; 

Halifax Building -Society: 
Mr Hugh Foulds and ; Mr 
John Wood'- beconw. directors.- 

. United Scientific Holdings : 
Mr Christopher JoUJiaibeen: 
appointed: director grotip 
public affairs. - ‘ v - 
'Chartoiiouffi: MrMScfcael 
Ontish: joins as director 
September-.! .-w - 

thony Best joins 

4ireaor, beailting. 

■ * " 


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Indicators edge higher as hopes 
grow for a technical rally soon 

Share, prices shrugged off 
renewed fears about Wall 
street yesterday and settled 
down to a steadier perfor- 
mance following Tuesday's 
surprise shake-out. y 
Dealers reported selective 

support for- leading shares 
after proclaiming that the 
mark-down had been over- 
done. Some are even look for a 
sustained technical rally over 
the next few days. 

The FT index of 30 shares 
recovered from a hesitant start 
ana became more adventur- 
ous m the afternoon as Wall 
Street opened firmer in early 
trading with the Dow Jones 
industrial average displaying a 
15-point rise. That offered 
further encouragment to Lon- 
don investors who have seen 
the Dow tumble by more than 
■50 points in the first two days 
of this week. 

The FT 30 Share closed 3.7 
points higher at 1306.3. The 
broader-based FT-SE 100 also 
reflected the firmer tone, end- 
ing 43 points up at 1,597.3. 

The renewed strength of 
sterling on the foreign ex- 
change market breathed fresh 
life into Government securi- 
ties. Gains at the longer end of 
the market stretched to £% at 
the close. But the Bank of 
England reported that applica- 
tions for the new tap stock. 
Treasury Loan, 8 l A per cent, 
2007, had been allotted in fulL 

Among the leaders, Hanson 
Trust was unchanged at i76p 
following the placing this week 
of the remainder of its shares 
accrued following the acquisi- 
tion of Imperial Group. The 
31 million shares were placed 
by Hoare Govett, the broker, 
at just over l?5p. 

Regalian Properties leapt 
35p to 620p as a line of over 1 
million shares went through 
the market at 550p. Mean- 
while, Equity & General, the 
leasing and garage group 

which used to trade under the 
name of Emray. spurted 5.5p 
to 29p on talks that a big stake 
had changed hands. Dealers 
claim that one buyer Hac 
picked up at least 25 per cent 
of the shares and plans a big 
asset injection. Marketmen 
are already talking the price up 
to 60p. 

The disappointing terms of 
the settlement for Russian 
bonds was bad news for 

• Cowan de Groot the 
toys and electricals group, 
slipped Ip to 67p yester- 
day ahead of figures today, 
expected to show pretax 
profits for the year to April 
30, of £1.1 million against 
£829,000. A lower tax charge 
should see earnings dou- 
ble. Mr Philip Birch, chair* 
man or Ward White, who 
recently joined the board with 
a 7 per cent stake is anx- 
ious to torn the group into a 
service c ompany. 

Imperial Chinese bonds. After 
doubling in recent months on 
hopes of a settlement, prices 
fell sharply. Boxer 5 per cent 
tumbled from £30 to £20, 
while China 5 per cent, 1912, 
lost £1 3 at £27 and China 5 per 
cent, 1913, £14 to £26. 

Barratt Developments rose 
2p to !40p following another 

Abaco inv (49p) 
Accord Pub (I25p) 
AJumasc (150p) 
Arlington (11&>) 


Bipel 37 1-{2p) 

Borland ri25ni 
Bradero , 


Chelsea Man , r 

Coated Sectrodes . 
Evans Haiishaw (I20p) 


Man^iSsS ^ !1 
Sectrodes (84p| 



Guthrie Corp 

166 46 

43 4*2 
154 44 






By Michael Clark 

upgrading of profit estimates 
by a leading broker. 

In the Unlisted Securities 
Market. M6 Cash & Carry 
received a lukewarm recep- 
tion. Investors decided to give 
the shares the cold shoulder 
and applied for only 1.6 
million of the 5.5 million on 
offer. The shares, offered at 
lOOp. opened at 88p and 
closed at 90p — a discount of 

Bestobell firmed another 1 p 
to 534p after rejecting the 
£88.3 million bid from its 
smaller rival, Meggitt Hold- 
ings. BTR, the industrial con- 
glomerate, which owns a 29 
per cent stake in Bestobell, has 
thrown its weight behind 
Meggitt and says it will take a 
25 per cent bolding in the 
enlarged company if the bid is 

MeggitTs broker, Capel- 
Cure Myers, was anxious to 
point out that it had not been 
buying Bestobell shares in the 
market on Tuesday on behall 
of Meggitt It admitted that it 
had bought a -few Bestobell 
shares, but these were destined 
for some of its other diems. 
Meggitt advanced 2p to 140p. 

Oil shares managed to hold 
on to small, early gains despite 
renewed weakness in the oil 
price and reports that Saudi 
Arabia was {Hanning to in- 
crease production to more 


115 45 
456 41 
160 444 
129 41 
126 45 
I- 1 * 

than 6 million barrels a day. 
This is in stark contrast to the 
latest production figures for 
the North Sea, showing output 
falling last month from an 
average 2.54 million barrels a 
day to 2.4 million. 

Even so, the Government is 
still pushing ahead with plans 
to issue at least another 50 oil 
and gas exploration licences. 
BP continued to shake-ofl 
recent nervousness, with a 5p 

• Babcock International, 
the engineer, has been enjoy- 
ing solid support, rising a 
farther Sp to ]85p yesterday. 
The Electricity Council is 
pushing ahead with plans for 
two new coal-fired power 
stations and marketmen are 
convinced the bunding con- 
tract will go to Babeock. 

There is also talk that a 
bid may be on the way. BTR 
has been mentioned as a 
likely candidate. 

rise to S71p after announcing 
an important on shore discov- 
ery on Padang Island in the 
Malacca Strait contract area. 
Indonesia, with a flow rate of 
8.450 barrels a day. The field, 
which is jointly owned by BP 
and London & Scottish Ma- 
rine Oil. is expected to go into 
production in December. 
Lasmo warmed to the news 

on (65p 
Looex (I45p) 

MG Cash A C (lOOp) 

Morgan Gr’ertfefe (500p) 
SmaBbong (I65p) 

Soundtracks (4t 
Task FOrca 
Tenby tods (1l2p) 
Thames TV (190p) 
Tibfeet & Britten |120p> 
Yetverton (3Bp) 

Uniock (63p) 


Amari F fp 
Antofagasta N fP 
Costain N/P 
De La Rue F/P 
Erskine Hse N/P 
Expamet N/P 
tbstock Johnson F/P 
inti Signal N/P 
Leigh Interests N/P 
Pineapple F/P 
Sheraton Secs F/P 
Wight Coins N/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 

ElO'i 4 'b 
10 43 


68 41 

5- 1 ? 



Three Moot* Staritog 

Sep 86 _L 

Dec 86 

Mar 07 


Sep 67 

Dec 87. 

N rr 

Previous day's total open Interest 1 4542 

Three Moreb Emedofcr 

Sop 86 93.64 

Dec 66 933B 

Mar 07 «UT 

Jur 87 2 83,16 



























Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Short GBT 
Dec 68 — 
Mar 87 ....... 





Previous day’s total open interest 17020 
83.65 93.61 9362 22S1 

93-60 mm 93-58 457 

93/12 93-33 - 33A0 ITS 

93.17 93.16 93.15 00 

ftwfousda/s MW opon kmnst 7733 
10000 10009 10O-2S 5317 

100-03 0 


101-18 101-1 

101-10 110 

101-10 0 

101-18 0 

Long QAt 


Previous day 's total opon tounwt 14689 
120-31 120-07 120-23 8723 

Dec 86 


120-17 0 

Iter 87 

— Eff 

180-11 0 

120-11 0 

FT-SE 100 

Sep 06 — 

DflC 88 



Previous day's total open intewsl 2304 
162,50 IBIjS) 1&30 350 

165X10 1B520 16520 9 


Last Dedantfoa ftrSrttort 

009 0026 

0023 NOV 3 

NOV 6 NOV 17 

Newton. U Hyman. Thos. Marshal Loxtey. 

'vs&ssssr-i ST 1- ’ * 

Last Doaflngs 
JO 18 
Aug 1 

Aug 4 Aug 15 

<53 options were Worn out on: 160 

Bret Dealings 
JO 7 
JO 21 

Bailey. PoUy Pack. Briton. Raine. Hanson, Amstrad. Armstrong, 
Put Ruddle s. 

Put & Celt Amstrad. CamtonJ. Next 




Market Mas 


NYork 15040-13120 
Montreal 23684-2.0796 
Brussels 66.71-67.14 
Cphgen 12.1230-12.1771 
Dublin 1.0810-1.0890 
Lisbon 221.99-22434 
Madrid 208.03-267-23 
Mian 222020-223531 
Oslo 11-2401-113008 
Paris 10.4490-105155 
St'kWm 10.6017-10.6639 
Tbkyo 23830-23954 
Vienna 22:71-2285 
Zurich 25199-25381 

Market rates 


July 15 

1. 5070-13080 

25730- 2.07S9 




















6-1 pram 


50-21 Scfe 










5-i ate 

Sterling Index compared wMi 1975 was lip at 733 (clay's range 733-74.1). 




Argentina auet rar — — 13590-1.3615 

AustreSadoBar 23620-23662 

Bahrain ctnar 03675-03715 

Brazil cruzado* 20.79-20.32 

pound 0.74200.7520 


Greece drachma 2074020940 

Hong Kong deter 11.7952-113039 

Irate rupee 1850-1030 

Iraq (knar . 

Kuwait dinar KD 

Malaysia doter, 

Mexico peso — 9205-970.0 

New Zealand doter 25214-2^40 

Satirt Arabia nyal — ... 5.654035940 

Singapore doter 329503.2997 

South Africa rand 3585435062 

UAErfirham 5332533725 

"Uoyds Bank 

Ireland — 
Malaysia _ 
Australia - 
Canada . 

2.1 835-2.1 B45 


1 13758-157831 
, 6.0575-0.0625 1 

Rales tuppBed by Barctoya Bank HQFEX and ExtaL 


Series Jute Oct 

Jan My Oct 

AlSod Lyons 
























7 7 




















COns Gold 




























29 37 

11 27 

1 15 

ft T 

48 1 4 

34 3 9 

23 14 21 

14 44 47 





Com Union 




14 27 

114 14 

1 7 

35 2 11 

24 17 25 

12 47 SO 




Cable,* Wire 





90 120 
40 77 

7 £ 

1 20 

140 1 10 

90 2 22 
60 20 45 

38 70 70 




































Grand MM 





7 “ 

7 12 







87 105 
37 72 


2 27 

* 7 * 

H 42 47 













36 47 
7 26 

1 10 


100 3 23 

70 22 45 

50 70 87 

“58 1 3 

35 3 10 

T7 27 29 








Marks* Span 


Shek Trans ~ 




20 27 

3 16 

ft 7 

35 1 3 

23 3 11 

14 22 24 







82 102 
32 53 

5 32 

118,1ft 7 

85 5 17 

55 25 45 




Trafalgar House 









26 8 19 

15 24 29 

8 53 54 















Hanson cent 






































Thom EMI 





































(*37 3) 





























Brit Aero 










































































4 7 
























1 Cadbury Sdiwppa 






















imperial Gr 
















































































































































Vaal Rests 





























































Tr llftft 1991 







I 1 * 




























1 9 «* 




















FT-SE 1550 
Index 1575 

i' 15 * 8 



















































Period rates stayed on a 
way flat curve. Sterling CDs 
tomd the odd buyer wBlmg to 
nibble as sterling continued its 
recovery, allowing a further 
move towards the differentia} 
they customarily show against 
straight deposits, bat overall 
turnover stayed modest. 

Clearing Barits 10 
Finance House 10 
Discount Marini Loam % 

Overnight High: 10ft Low 9* 

Week feed: 100ft 

Treasury Ota (Discount 

fmnrfi 9ft ... 

3mntn 9ft 3mnth Oft 

2 irartn 9ft 

Prime Bank B8ls( 

1 mntti 9«^9»» 2innth I 
3 mrah 9 ,, w-9ft 6mmh 9ft-9 r is 

Trade ENta (Discount %) 

1 mnUi lO'^o 2 mntti 10ft 
3 mntti IIP vs Stnntti 10ft 

Ovemtrait open 10 dbsa 10» 

1 week IO'vs-10 6mntti 10-9ft 

1 mntft lO'v^lO 9 mntti 10-9ft 

3 mntti 10-9’/. 12mtti 100ft 

Lncal Airiborhy Depndts f5W 

2 days 9ft 7 days Oft 

1 mntti 9ft 3mntti 9 ,J » 

6 mntti 9" nr 12mtti 9ft 

1 mntti lOft-lOft 2rratti 10ft-10ft 
3 mntti IOft-10 6 mntti 10k -10 
9 mntti 10U-1Q 12 mh 9ft-8ft 

Tmnth'’lO , «J9 l ‘ia 3 mntti 9 is ir-9 a ie 
6mntti9ft-9ft 12mth 9ft-9ft 

Doter COS fft) 

1 mntti 650-6,45 
6 mntti SA54A0 

3 mntti 6.45-6.40 
12mm 645-6.40 


7 days SH-Pm 
3 mntti GPieS'i* 
7 days 4 "i«-4 , ib 
3mnttT 4ft-4ft 
French Franc 
7 days 7»-7ft 
Srnmh 7 4 «'77is 
Sms Franc 
7 days 2ft-2 
3 mnft 5‘is4 «« 

7 days 4Kr4ft 


1 mntti 
6 mntti 


1 mntti 
6 mntti 
1 mntti 
6 mntti 
1 mntti 
$ mirth 

1 mirth 
6 mntti 








7 6 r*-7 1 «# 






4 ,, w4®ia 


S 346^0-34750 

■ExdudwVA 1 



! period June 4. 1986 to 

IBflR JnrJiKlun- fl fOK nar 

with a jump of I3p zo lOlp. 

Small gains were seen in 
Bormah, 2p 10 403p. Enter- 
prise Ofl, Ip to !02p. Car less 
Capet 2p to 60p, while SbeU, 
on 7Slp and Ultramar, on 
166p. both hardened lp 

Continuing talk of a bid for 
Stewart Wrightson, the insur- 
ance broker, was good for 
another I4p on the shares at 
4S9p — a rise of 34p in two 
days. Citibank, the US bank- 
ing and investment group, 
remains the market's 
favourite suitor. Dealers claim 
that Citibank is looking to 
extend its rang: of financial 
services in Europe and that 
Stewart Wrightson would 
make an idea] match. 

Some optimists were even 
suggesting a bid of 700p a 
share tomorrow, valuing the 
broker at £309.5 million. 
There were a few bright spots 
among the other insurance 
brokers, with Hogg Robinson 
advancing by 4p to 315p, still 
reflecting recently announced 
expansion plans, while CE 
Heath rose 3p to 532p and 
Sedgwick Group 2p to 348p. 

Steel BmriU Jones recov- 
ered from an early 5p fell to 
finish steady at 274p. But 
profit-taking reduced PWS 
International by 5p to 318p 
and Willis Faber by 8p to 

The big insurance compos- 
ites enjoyed selective support, 
still hoping for a boost to 
profits from their US earnings 
following the recent weakness 
in the value of sterling. Guard- 
ian Royal Exchange was want- 
ed, with a 7p rise to 909p, as 
General Accident firmed 3p to 
852p, Royal Insurance 2p to 
849p and Commercial Union 

Standard Chartered contin- 
ued to rally, with a lOp rise to 
732p following weakness 
stemming from the jgroup's 
successful defence against the 
£1.3 billion bid from Lloyds 
Bank. The market is now 
looking for a change of strate- 
gy at Standard to appease its 
newest shareholders, includ- 
ing Sir Yue-Kong Pao with 
14.9 per cent. Tan Sri Khoo 
with 5 per cent and Mr Robert 
Holmes & Court’s Bell Corpo- 
ration with 7 per cent. 

Among the big four high 
street clearing banks. Lfeyife 
was unchanged at 424p, while 
Midland expanded 3p .to 
547p, Barclays 2p to 524p and 
National Westminster 3p to 

Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant bank, which made a 
disappointing debut last ac- 
count, again ran into early 
selling. The price dipped to a 
fresh low of 453p, before 
rallying to close lp up on the 
day at 456p. 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

White knights turn 
grey in dawn light 

Michael Newman has departed 
“amicably” from his post as chief 
executive of Britannia Arrow, as these 
financial settlements put it The deal 
was a necessary pan of yet another of 
the machinations of David Stevens, 
investment manager turned news- 
paper baron, and his chum, Robert 

Their partnership is a classic case of 
the lion hunting with the tiger. Poor 
Mr Newman was prey for both. 
Indeed, he welcomed them as holders 
of a combined stake of nearly 30 per 
cent of the fund management group, 
which is also the present owner of 
Singer & Friedlander, the merchant 
bank, since his main preoccupation at 
the time was to fend off the takeover 
bid from Guinness Peat. 

Once pan two of the strategy — to 
inject MIM, which was run by Mr 
Stevens but owned by Aetna Life — 
had been completed, Mr Newman's 
days were numbered. The process 
may be seen as altruism on Mr 
Newman's part, albeit compensated 
altruism, since Britannia Arrow's 
shares rose 3p to 143p yesterday 
compared with Guinness Peat’s cash 
alternative of 137p. 

It is, however, more likely to have 
been an example of an increasingly 
frequent phenomenon: white knights 
who turn out to be a good deal more 
lustful once they have saved the 
damsel from the distress of the 

unwanted attentions of another. 

When Guinness Peat’s bid was 
defeated in January, Mr Maxwell 
described the result as a vote of 
confidence in Britannia Arrow’s 
management — most of which has 
since departed. Mr Newman observed 
at the time: “Now we can look 
forward to the future with 
confidence", adding almost as an 
afterthought: “Obviously there will 
have to be further discussions with Mr 
Stevens and Mr Maxwell". 

The directors of Standard Char- 
tered apart perhaps from Stuart 
Tarrant, must now be wondering what 
sort of faie awaits them after their 
escape from Lloyds' clutches. Their 
encouragement to supportive cus- 
tomers and friends in the East to put 
their money where their good wishes 
were has unintentionally shifted effec- 
tive control of the bank and pointed 
its future in a completely different^ 
and unplanned, direction. 

The former management of Distill- 
ers, who fled into the arms of their 
white knight Guinness to save thent 
selves from James Gulliver, are 
suddenly aware that even white 
knights believe that all is fair in love 
and war, and may look grey in the cold 
light of dawn. 

Given such experiences, other hard- 
pressed boards might question more 
seriously whether their enemy’s en- 
emy is necessarily their friend. 


• BTP: Mr FW Buckley, the 
chairman, says in his annual 
statement that the current year 
has started well and prospects 
are good. 

Douglas Rae, the chairman, says 
in bis annual statement that, 
although demand for steel prodr 
urns shows (iule sign of| 
strengthening, the prospects for 
pipeline equipment ana indus- 
trial products are more 
favourable. Plant sales have 
started weQ as demand for 
construction equipment has 

Half-year to March 29. Interim 
dividend 45p, payable on July 
ig. Turnover £12J5 million 
(£1 1 .36 million). Pretax profit 
£1.68 million (£1.28 million). 

MENT TRUST: Total dividend 
raised to 14.2p (I Up) for the 
year to May 31. Pretax revenue 
£998.000 (£830,000). Earnings 
per share 14.78p (12.1 lp). 

year to June 30. Pretax earnings 
£34.997 (£27 Jill). Earnings per 
share 3.99p (3.08p). 

The board has been informed by 
Virani Group UK that the sale 
of 4 million ordinary shares in 
Bel haven to Establissement 
Novedil was at 65p per share. 








TEL: 01-481 4422 

01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 



TEL: 01-481 4000 










^ i yj.'j 

15 71 i 



DEAN STREET W1 B addjscombe i GREAT P 

ROAD j«ww 


M. n a i/rn ir m rrr um p.J 



ClT. Of ^i LOMOOM ' 





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Street Credibility 

Portland \ 

Don't lef our name misfead you. 

30% of Great Portland's "estatesT 
are offices si the City, 30% ore offices 
in the West EraLCovent Garden and W.C.2., 
and T5% are tn tefaR. 

Net revenue after tax for the year 
ended 31 March 1986was£77.8miieionand 
property assets now exceed £340 mitfion. 

Great Rxfiand Estates is currentfy 
the UK-'s sixth laigest quoted prajerty 
oompanKwe went public in I959andhave 

hesitate to get in touch. 

Who knows, wecouid be just up 
your street. 




Growth on 
M Recovery 
SmokwCo - * 
UK (kowOi 
Ena me 

me & Crowd 

59-2 80.1 -0-1 041 

1057 1127 -14 2B3 
1414 151* -04 1J# 
B 74 401 -03 202 

35.4 S9.1« -24 748 
26.1 271B 40.1 7.75 
1900 2123 -14 4.19 

35- Fountain SU MandWCT 
061-236 5685 

Equate Pefcwr 744 784 -OJ 122 



123 113 
297 204 
121 113 
153 131 
290 21S 
250 185 
335 163 
180 133 

620 443 
40 16 

233 180 
95 61 

71 69 

328 185 
62 68 
123 76 
2 S' 12 
45 31 
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& 110 
198 125 
130 7b 
250 3» 

59 55 
35B 178 
I S3 116 
345 230 

4 o' 

1B0 125 

3G 6 

42 28 

195 130 
320 95 

66 62 
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140 96 

350 2i3 
120 84 

110 83 

136 130 

18 7 

218 130 
17 8‘. 

IIS 75 
1S3 1S2 
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40 26 

9f 64 
95 53 

108 88 
175 no 
SO 30 
1 1B 74 

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343 SOB 
108 85 

143 IIS 
415 308 

78 63 

114 98 
138 7S 
103 65 

97 75 

73 «3 
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(40 78 

91 71 

216 204 
76 55 
26 20 

141 134 
57 41 
130 105 

115 80 
186 70 
228 130 
460 345 
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52 39 

148 102 
29' 9 

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379 244 
148 118 
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33 26 
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248 1S1 
90 56 
42 18 

125 125 
60 31 
198 100 
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113 B-5 

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141 B 

280 *5 


345 -5 

135 -2 



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251. +2': 


14U +*i 

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43 *■» 

100 +4 

133 -4 


110 -4 


56 -3 


345 440 

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85 -1 


115 B-1 


218 B 






1S5 -« 




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370 -2D 


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379 • 


92 6 41 



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240 44 

06 4 a 11 * 
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3.6 S.l 165 

3.1 7* 11-2 



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7.7 6* 

03 11101 

1* 42 10* 

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1.1 55 106 
68 M 14 

2.1b 1*179 
11.4 4* 102 

4* 7210* 
5* 15 173 

3* 22 209 

11.8 14122 

34 4* 11* 
26 1.8 IS* 

142 3* 

• 5.1 

£9 44 135 
5* 6* 77 
3* 23 184 
172 M 133 
3.1 27 162 

3 1 24 213 

10 374 . 
52 UZU 
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1* 14 10.7 

13 2221 1 

11 20 29* 

11 1219* 

7.1 114 355 
17 19 172 
17 17 119 
25 20 112 
74 20 S62 
21 23 167 
7* 70 as 
24 3.1 19* 
10 1014* 
1.0 1 1 15.1 


1 3 1* 14* 

21 22 76 

14 1 * 10 * 

4* 24 220 
3* 5*17* 

Wqft iPW Company Pnee Ch'qe 

97 65 Pres**® 97 +2 

655 420 Futer SmSh A KB 

148 94 Gatttts 144 -2 

150 98 Quo (Cndt) 103 -e 

47 40 Gee/Hosan so a 

BO 72 Gtton Lyon* 75 +2 

iffi 100 Gfeaa Mam iso 

17 13 OKW1 Houee 14 

SO 32 tSttm Dp 40 

186 85 Go** Warren 120 

123 88 Gcooneed Pre* 123 +1 

128 103 Ootid (Laurence) 123 

01 60 Granyw Strface 70 • 

124 120 Green gw a H 120 

38 19 GraomwJiCaMo 30 

115 93 OraswinorSq 98 

180 160 Guernsey Mantle iBO 

110 30 HB Bad 100 

92 56 Hampden Hnme ca re 77 

49 36 Hartons 44 +> 

§ 0 133 Harm* S Ttanp 180 *5 

5 180 Havatoc* Straps 223 

46 26 Hoancm 42 a 

440 3835 Heowraa 420 • 

390 293 .- Do 'A LV 390 • 

145 143 Hgrctarsoo FWne 143b 
415 215 WtfvPort 250 

205 70 Htanrand Pm 70 

24 9 H&son 34 +>, 

115 91 Hodgson 115 4* 

133 105 Holden Hydronran 123 « 

690 412 Holmes A MttOtaMSBS -S 

158 115 Hteie* Protection 132 B+4 

203 145 Home firoben) 198 B-2 

163 134 Od 'A' ISO « 

340 200 HowBR) 9M 33G 

14 8 MiB BBC 9'j 4-1 

IBS 115 Hirter SB* 148 B-2 

255 188 H mwg Tnscti 210 -10 

230 165 8I&TE0 180 

31 16 mac 17 

115 4* mo Scot Burov *> 

103 68 twraf te d 88 -2 

153 215 knearauroo* Tetft 225 

9 3'f knennson 

141 15 Do 7% 

32 25 taraBfJad. 

105 55 JSDCOmp 

338 233 JS Pahow 

190 ns Jumcvar 
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26 Z Jefattfti 

5'r -•» 

141 4* 

29b +'i 


82 22 JWDbirt 58 

26 Z JdteAS 5 

148 105 Jonrsen 1 Jorg 133 

118 73 Jotmstones (Vos 113 

HaitiaM Foots 

21$ 7 4* 


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29 22 IS* 
S4 Sl7 72 
117 10* 18 
7* 15 118 
5* 1 4 29.4 

OJ 14 112 
26 10 115 
31 2224* 

0.4 1 7 179 

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9* 2517.5 
4* 17 19* 
2 * 2*13* 

14 158 4* 

8 7 12 11.2 

36 15 214 

3* 17 20* 
17 71 2* 




43 4*113 

TO 48 Just Rubber 64 

330 253 KIP 305 «-S 

90 67 Kh UOM- 79 

300 220 Kenyon Sacs • 300 

83 55 Kernmsntam to « 

113 sr Kbik-TenB 83 

Its 67 (At M 90 • 

61 37 Lmflaw 58 

125 TO LKHaw IhffMon IDS 

43 32. -Lenre kw <0 

118 100 Laminar 110 

91 80 Lodge Cam 00 

140 95 LctT* C trees** 123 • 

196 133 Loki Eta 185 

62 24 LysmCei Pal 24 

90 87 MS Cadi 6 CVry go 

245 160 MUTCOnB 240 

180 101 UcLeugnm 5 Har 133 

125 55 Magnrtc Umnils 65 

68 54 Munmei 6B 

176 92 Martin (Ronald) 160 

35 17 htomt 17 

116 101 MaySw 05 115 

135 93 MajtwW Rmds 131 

293 195 Meadow Finn 21$ r 

220 145 Mo#a Teen 148 

98 75 Weuermie 96 

19 9 Memory Cano 15 

75 26 Memcom I'd HHos 28 

148 140 Menvier«S«*n 140 

390 330 MernonwiWiw 360 

138 35 Mew fMefm US 

9 4 MeiaiSaenoes 6 

102 71 U8KK 66 

96 59 MdaM Uoknl 78 B 

750 360 MooWn 670 

22D MB UciCteese 150 

47 22 Mcro»dec 35 

183. 82 MCUnd Marts 176 B 

38S 231 Mioaumner hms 385 

433 268 Wes 33 418 * 

193 155 MBwarg Sum 188 B 

220 130 M« Wend 135 

47 15 Mnemos <8 

158 108 Moorgjm Go i» 

124 82 Monks 8 Crane 122 a 

158 153 Mondytw iSS 

50 25 Money (Rh) 4S 

23 15 Moms iWBam) 18 

115 70 MoSsMwmwg 78 b 

130 125 Miennm <30 

367 237 NUW Come 305 

31 13 New Cl Nil Pes 13 

5 2 Do wma. ? 

20 l« New EnoUnd Prop* <8 

95 75 Pn llPT E80 

21 10 Nmwo i3 

<36 91 Norarh 130 

190 68 Nowi BO 

125 83 M HOWS 125 i 

46 14 Mn Sea 3 urn SO 

75 35 0*a*d 3S 

37 22 Oarometra 28 

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5.1 4.1 19 

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0.7 07 33* 
21 27 124 

1* 4.1 13* 

6.10 12 210 
4* 2 2 2S 8 

11 2*16* 

123 2*18* 

123 32 153 

3* 26 192 
6 * 49 16 0 

67 1*42* 

S*b 2*121 
5*0 £5 110 

10 1*203 

04 <2 9* 
3* 24 193 

21 1*253 

32 1*15* 
30 17* 21 

10 * 

7* 3*10* 

07 24 34.6 
80 20 231 

33 1.0 30.7 
7* 4* 152 
0.4 0.7 29 0 


5* 44 15.I 

11 14 125 

2* 19 10* 
47 15 172 

23 2* 172 

13* 4* 16* 
1.7 21 112 
14b 1.7 15.1 

8* 4* 89 

4* 69 72 

5.4 5.1 127 

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A* 3* l?l 
23 3* 117 

ao 82 U 1 

36 19 112 

66 28 202 
100 72 76 
40 12 19 

47 29 216 

31 Z.7 2S8 

11 D* 177 
14 25 198 

5* 36 122 
43 4*225 
232 25 

5* 179 19 
3* 26 15.7 
78 22 167 
61 53 162 

3* 36 14 1 
1.7 22 Z1 7 
29 04 70.7 

£7 38 12J 

18 59 IS* 

67 32321 
36 09 286 
43 1* 15 1 
36 19 21* 
74 39 103 

20 13 278 

19 32 153 

21 47S ?i 

3* 4i gj 
43 33113 

8* "8 158 

24 185 14 

4 3 33 169 
17 3 1 87 
34 !7U7 

29 83 52 

35' Z3 
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255 158 
79 56 

155 130 
550 206 

52 10 

53 30 

175 143 
152 00 

140 63 

39 33 
200 145 

27 18 

34 28' 

116 24 

67 31 

98 66 

33 25 

178 115 
283 115 
24S 725 

156 83 
143 125 

5' 2 

5- 2 

308 158 
43 18 

40 33 

123 65 
40 14 

105 86 

68 40 

42 19 

133 70 
BO 63 
186 145 
139 115 
126 73 

40 20 

122 T£» 

178 138 
112 73 

195 120 

106 71 

28 7 
350 ITT 
356 aa 

78 68 

54 22 

220 168 
160 110 
101 50 

173 128 
23 136 
205 131 
186 171 
131 96 

42 35 

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31 12 

104 96 

123 90 

$3 48 

38 20 

Owners Abroad 

ParkkaW Gp 
Pari M Lee 

Pamy A g*u 
Pane Gro up 
PMkm U) 
Peadiy Rado 

Per Pw 

Pveapoea Danct 
nan In rest 

Potytacn MMV 





530 -6 

50 *2 

33 +2 


a b 

148 -3 


26 *2 

66 > +1 

168 B 



P roujuwi 126 

Property TM lOp S'- 


Radus 100 

Rsraco 04 16 

Homu * - . ■ *2 
Real Trmr Control 43 
Rakva Motor 24 

tots 150 

Rtf* IW 76 

Rudtfa (Cl- 1 EB 

taro** ^ 

S 1 « 
Scantrtnc ® 

scot Hwii aM a iffi 

is? r Tt 

Snerxmck 340 

swra Drug 60S 3*5 

Snekton Jones 75 

Sheraton Sac 4 9 

SrwArood Comp MS 

6wa 160 

Srgmaii 50 

SmsCBanng i» 

Snx» Wnim) 195 

sam Fooo irt 

Sn — aona ire 

Snowdon Bridge 110 

SoukaraAs 39 

Smn Bur 154 

SW Resxraa 18 

Space PUnnmg 101 

Spam Tala 11 s 

Spectra Atop 59 

Some 92 

SObali 65 

Sunraec Matt 161 

SraneKo 2069 

SKtBig Pi4> 96 

SmUeigb Boot 33 

SuSienaiW lET) 65 


Svnapee Comp 188 

T 6 5 Sroras 130 

TOS CkOAB 196 

T«g Aowt 134 

Task Force 1U 

Tay Htjnes 128 

Taen For Ba 113 

Tacit Como 350 

Teteromeuang 150 

Tai Sarv rnt 138 

THemta* 132 

Them See ntrfc 570 

Tbvpac 73 

Tinsley iBxa) 48 

Tod (WU) 130 

Tow<7aoa s« 40 

Trace tbon m ui 145 

Tr a aBrarwp o d 470 

TAon M 

Tyne Tew A ZSO 

Utd Ceramc 75 

ua FnwxSy 540 

Utd Padtaong 11 M 

IWter (Frank) 85 

Vwiqnn 80 

Wayne Ker, 00 

moper Baaro ira 

Wfl«BC 15 

Were vonw™ 95 

wt*nann% Foods 53 

Wckes 183 

W*ar» Sysi 9 

mum [Rei] hvtos 19 
teanqaM 1*0 

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Wftj 01 Uaffw 193 

Wy*o W 

Xyfti WC4 

VettMuffinter ISO 

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VO* Mart iCB 

vert. & Eaaiy « 

Do 8*. £99 


penca % P/6 

2.1 6* 16 
48 3* 112 

4* 6* 85 
53 1* 142 
40 OB 
a 22* 

3.1 1* 117 
47 34 113 
130 2* 61* 
1.7 11 6* 
17 2* 154 

2* 97 14* 

3* 3* 152 
14 44 4* 
44 2*11.2 
24 2*31* 

5* 43 >7* 
Z* 3* II* 
4* 34 110 

13 2* 17 0 
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4* 102 14* 
S* 3* IS* 

10 63 19 
7* 83 15.1 
29 17145 

20 * 

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2* 3* u 

6* 3*114 
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3.1 122T7 

43 37 15* 
57 39 11* 
£4 27 1S3 

4* 2* 144 
19 19 117 

53 16 42* 

29 00 394 

6* 88 67 

11 £2 203 
43 21 84.7 


0* 1.6 4J 

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75 10 12 1 

40 22 12* 
81 ID 1B.1 
19 15 129 
1.7 44 116 
4.3 2* 19 

2* 2* 116 
29 25 171 
16 18 13 
a 14 

4* 43 119 

47 72 107 

10 3.7 210 

yi Los 



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22 323 







39 400 



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13 217 











24 773 









KkBTwO-t Ctamr 




39 <09 



Ktawon O was 






19 280 






Ian Merobant Sec 



15 1*9 



Lon Traa 


61« 12 224 

i a 




110 52 303 





B *1 


19 732 





77o 4S29L1 



Murray me 



710 44 3*8 



Murray SmM 








Murray VsKura 
Hew Court 



27 615 

60 298 



New Daten 0* 









31 XB 





Mwmrag me 83 
New Tokyo 






1 1 

76 IB 1 




wn Aewoe Sec 




10 87 2 





22 372 



ram Amef 



77b 2 1 658 






30 422 



Ptole Assets 




14 8*3 



Do Writs 





Person*) Atoets 











*3 408 



Bw * Mac 



11 309 



Rwar Plate 



43 281 
















22 501 







Si fcrtwa 










25 614 



Sc« Amsncan 



970 20 45.1 


SCO* Emm 






Scot Men A 





Scot Mu 

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23 859 






25 547 



Second Atence 


24 Bn 










Sma«or cps 
Stewart Estarp 






25 541 I 



TR Australia 





Tm CSy Ol Lon DW112 


160 10 31 4 

tkjnUwr Ccwpany 

+1 17.--39 4T7 

•-} >18 5* 237 

B-1 26 29412 

-I* 0* 

B-2 57 1140* 

ZB 25*95 
+1 3.9 37.0 

+1 76 49273 

B 119b 4*394 

. 15 2*501 

B. ** 31 372 

11* 173 J* 
*1 93r 35 527 

B 29 11 17* 

22 ' 3*417 
13 3.1 *60- 

B+1 4* 2*572 

13 7&:3* 381. 




GWJoynsonaod Co report 

SUGAR (ftom C. CasnEmv) 
F06 . 

Aug 112*-12 j6 


Dec 132.4-31.6 

Marefi 140*40.0 

May 145.£M3.0 













Jan — 

Mar — - 





tag — . 

Oa — 












_ 1075-70 








... 125.6-26* 
_ 126JM5^ 


_ 128D-2BJ) 

23 15217 
29 27 332 



Sop — 


95. 50-9S, 1 



- 107.0-04^0 

- 112JHI7.00 

- 11 5.0-07, OQ 

- 117 iMa 00 

- 3088 

Unofficial price* 
OfficWTumoner figure* 
Price in t par meMc tonne 
Siwer in pence per troy ounce 

Rudolf Wolf ft Co. Ltd. report 

gsh 882.Q0-883.00 

Th res Mortfis 90240402*0 

Vol 2650 

Tone Steady 


Cash 84400-84600 

Throe Months 8694HW71.00 

voi na 

Tone — idte 


gas* 1 248.00-24850 

Throe Months 2S4.00-3&4D0 

Vol 1600 

Tone Steady 


Cash 510JXW2000 

Vol - Nil 

Tone ... kfie 


&sh 546D0-547TJ0 

Three Months 54000441.00 

^o 1 200 


Cash . 332.KKJ34.(J0 

Throe Months 341JXM42JJ0 

Vol — . a 

Tone . Qf*t 




77iFn Months 


Vd __ 




Three Months 

744 *0-745,00 




Steady . 


Cash _ 

— 2580-2590 

Throe Months 

~ 2640-2645 



Amp fatatPck price* at 

mMNntlNw markets on 
Jury 16 

GttCsttte. 9868 pw fcglw 

&B: Shew 17635 per kg est d 


England aid Wife*: 

Cette ms. up 15 a %, are. 

Sheep no* up 187%. era. 
price, l76S2p(+0 40) 

Pig nos. down 1.2 %. sve. 
pre», 74JXX-0.68) 

Catte nos. up 29.6 %. awe. 

price, 9dj»H -4m 

Sheep nos. up 11* Vara 
price. 168.6^+532) 

Rg nos ——Vara 


‘ Live Cattle Contact 

Onqtad 873 

Unfed 983 


£ par tonne 

Month <^wn Close-': 
Not "■ " 11330 ilftOO 

ft* . 12250 12150 

April 185100 177.60 

Mey , 17730 -• 18900 

NOT : - 8000 85.70 

■ V0tT272 

' BffTEX 

GJtLFraigtrt F ut u re * Ud 

nport $10 par tadegr point'. 
taJgbt index 

H^i/Loh Ctoeo 
-W86 — 5605 

Oct M 6370-6300 \ 63SJ0 
Jan 87 -672.0-66ZO '6700 ‘ 

ApT 87 V 7395" 

JulW 6700-6705 6705 

Oct 87 -7825 . 

Jan 88 7*75 

Apr 88 880 0 

^ot 29 lots ‘ : ‘ :•*-> 

Opentaero*t:2J6«; • . 

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Bright start for Dow 

New York (Renter) - Wall points at 1,780.09. Advancing 
Street shares jumped in early issues led declining issues on a 
j- thrtntth iTionrin nf two to one on 24 

Australia boosts Victoria 
Carpet to record profit 


Street snares jump™ m cm *«* “>■““7 " W * 1 

trading yesterday, though margin of mo to one on 24 j 
trading was cautious after the milhon shar^ traded. 
selling that cut 140 points off IBM edged V* higher to 136 
the Dow Jones industrial aver- in a hesitant start after a 
age in mo weeks. seven-point drop in the previ- 

The Dow was np 11.39 ous mo days. 

amh « 

asa a« 

AKted Signal 39 
Ailed Stra 45 * 
AftsCWmrs 4 
Alcoa 35$ 

A max me 1254 
Am'rde Hs tail 
Am Brands 93 

Am Can 7«% 

AmCynm'd 73 
AmBPwr 28, 

Am Express 57 '• 

Am Home 85% 

Am Motors A 

Am Sl'nrd 39 'A 

Am Tateph 24 % 

Amoco 54* 
Armco Steel 7* 
Asarco 1414 
Ashland OR 54 'A 
At Richfield 46* 
Avon Prods 33% 
Bkrs Tst NY 45 

Bankamer 14% 
BkolBston 36V 
Bank ot NY 61% 

Beth Steel 12% 

Boeing 60 

BsaCasate 54V 
Braen 44'4 

Bg Warner 35% 
Bust Myers 78 
BP 34% 

Burrton mo 36% 
Burilon Nm 60% 
Burroughs 65% 
CmpbetiSp 60* 
Can Pacific 11% 
Caterptter 44% 
CeUnese 201 
Central SW 32 V 
Champion 23% 
Chase Man 39% 
ChmBkNY 46% 
Chevron 34% 
Chrysler 34 
Ctncorp 55% 
dark Equip 20’/. 
Coca Cola *0% 

sr a* 

CTmbia Gas 41 
Cmb'tnEng 29% 

GotntmWiEd 32% 
ConsEtSs 45% 
Cn Nat Gas 26% 
Cons Power 11% 
CntrtData 52’/. 
CornmgGf 63 
CPC mu 65 
Crane 27% 
CmZeUer 38% 
DartSKrafl 58% 
Deere 24% 

Delta Air 39% 
Detroit Ed 16% 
Digital Eq 84V. 
Disney 1 *5% 
DowChem 46% 
Dresser Ind 16% 
Duke Power 46% 
DuPont 79% 
Eastern Air 9% 
Earn Kodak 53% 
Eaton Corp 64% 
Emerson B 80% 
Exxon Corp 57 Vi 
Fed Dot Sts 79 
•ixn aAMrc el 

M M M 

14 15 14 

T5S" Frestore 23% ®* _ 

29% F5i Chicago Z9K M% 
40 FSlntBncp 59J4 60% 
46% FstPwnC n 614 
4 Ford 52% 53 

36% FTWaehw «% 44 
12V GAP Corp 34% 34% 

19% GTC Corp 54% 54% 
93% Gen Corp 68* ® 
76% GenDyrncs 72% 73% 

74% Gen Electric 75% 75% 
28 V Gen Inst 18» IgA 
59 Gen Mills 80% 82% 

86*« Gen Motors 73% J* 
4% GnPbUtrry 22% 22% 
39 Genesco 3% -3 
24% Georgia Pac 2|% 30 
55% GHtete 46% 47% 
8% Goodrich 39 «% 

£5 §2ST & 58 

47% Grace 50% 52% 

34 GtAttSTac 22% 24% 
46 Gfhnd 34% 344 

14% Gruman Cor 27% 28 . 
30% GuHS WPS! 65% 66% 

62% HwuH-L 41% 43% 

13% Hena/es 47% 

60% HTett-Pkrd 35% 38,, 
56% Honwwfl 69% 73% 

44% 1C tads 23% 23% 

Phelps Dge 
PPG Ind 


RCA Corp 

44% 1C kids 23% 23% 

jr ast* 1 «* 

33V IBM 135% 139% 

37% INCO 11% 11% 

62 Int Paper 65% 66% 

67% mtTelTel 53 54% 

62'i trvmq Bank 53 4 54 

11% JhnsnSJhn 66% 65% 

KasarAlum 17 17% 

Kerr McGee 25% 26* 
KmhTyCIrk 87% 88% 

K Mart 49% 51 % 

Kroger 53% 56% 
LTVCBrp 4!4 4H 

Unon 75% 78% 

Lockheed 49% 51% 
Lucky Strs 25% 26% I 

ManH'rrver 45A 46% . 
ManviteCp » » ! 

Mapco 474 47* j 

Marine lufid 48 46 A I 

Mn Marietta 42% « , 
Masco 27 29% 

McDonalds 69% 68% ■ 

McDormei 80% 81% 
Mead 46% 47% I 
Merck 98* 98% 

Minsts Mng 105* 106% 
Mobil CM 29% 29% 
Monsanto 66 67% 

Morgan J.P. 83% 85 

Motorola 34 35% 

NCR Corp 48* 50% 

NUndstrs 15% 15% 

NatDBttrs 36% 36% 

NatMedEnt 24% 24% 

NatSmcndt 9 9% 

NortolkSth 79% B4% 

53 NWBancrp 37* 38% 

16% OecidntPM 2514 25% 

46% Ogden 37% 39% 
79* CHInCorp 46 48 

9% Owens-ffl 35% 36% 
53V Pac Gas Q 24% 24% 
66 Pan Am 6% 6* 

83% PanneyJ.C. 73% 74* 
58% Pennzod 52% 53 

81% Papism 30% 30% 

. drvrnxmxi kKl Mattel Oam. n Hem ks« i 

JuJ Jd 
15 14 

66% 66 
21 % 22 % 
71% 72% 
9 9 

60% 63% 
bOK 62% 
7 5% 75% 
39% 40% 
62 62% 
n/a n/a 
41% 43* 

41* 42* 

77% 77 

52* 54* 

63% 66% 
29% 31% 
31 33% 

53 54% 

57% 58* 

43 43% 

46% 46* 

53% 56% 
92% 95 

19* 19% 

33 32% 









112 * 





202 * 

22 % 










66 * 





Aten Akim 
Can Pacific 
Hkr/Sid Can 
imperial Oil 
Ryl Trustee 

Steel Co 



pSKOispi I lianea 

23 22* 

39% 39% 

14% 14% 

15* 16 

12* 13 

24% 24* 
27% 27% 
28* 28 
34% 34* 
35% 35% 
43% 43% 
n/a n/a 
30* 30% 
79 80% 

24% 24% 

30% 31% 
38* 36* 
13% 13% 

Pretax profits of Victoria 
Carpet Holdings, which is 
based at Kidderminster. 
Worcestershire, climbed by 48 
per cent to a besi-ever £1.73 
million in the year to March 
30. The board explains that 
this record was thanks to. 
splendid results in Australia. 

Turnover rose from £25.41 
. million to £29.13 million and 
the dividend is being boosted 
by 25 per cent to 15p -also a 
record - with cover marginal- 
ly higher than last time. It will 
be paid on October 3. Earn- 
ings per share expanded from 
12.35p to I6.52p. 

The board reports that al- 
lhough borrowings are down 
to a relatively low level, 
continuing high interest rates 
in Australia make it necessary 
to retain profits there to meet 
capital expenditure. Despite 
the state of the economy, the 

Bras way. which is based at 
Wednesbory, West Midlands, is 
paying a total dividend of 2.25p 
for the S3 weeks to May 3, 1986, 
on capital increased by last 
year's one-for-three rights issue. 
A total of 2p was paid for 1984- 
85. On turnover np from £2231 
million to £2433 million, pretax 
profits climbed from £860.000 to 
£1.31 million. Earnings per 
share, on a weighted average, 
dipped from 9.21p to 9.16p. The 
board is proposing a one-for-one 
scrip issue. 

Australian company has made 
a satisfactory start, although at 
an inevitably lower level. 

In Britain, the first quarter 
has shown an improvement 
over the previous year, with a 
continuing effort to increase 
margins and productivity 

NATIONAL: Tranwood now 
holds, or has acceptances for. 
24.03 million Ailken Hume 
shares (52.6 per cent). In addi- 
tion. acceptances for 692.500 
shares (1.5 per cent) have been 
received which are not yet 
capable of inclusion as valid 
acceptances. The offer is un- 
conditional as to acceptances. 

SURE: The company is to 
purchase Cointrend for 2 mil- 
lion ordinary shares from Mr K. 
J Eacock arid Mr T H Francis. 
They will retain 1.575 million 


shares and the balance of 
425,000 will be placed on Iheir 
behalf. Cointrend hires amuse- 
ment machines. 

TIONS: Total dividend un- 
changed at 1 .25p for the year to 
March 31. Turnover £4.63 mil- 
lion (£2.19 - million). Pretax 
profit £128.794 (£200,890). 
Earnings per share L60p 

ATION: Fredericks Place 
Holdings' increased offer has 
been accepted by the holders .of 
589,430 shares (79.03 per cent). 
The cash alternative has dosed. 

TRUST: Half-year to June 30. 
Interim dividend 4p (3.5p). 
Pretax revenue £1.72 million 
(£1.42 million). Earnings per 
share 6.l9p (4.90p). 

• A MAX INC: Talks have 
started concerning Amax's ac- 
. quisition of the common stock 
of A I umax held by Mitsui and 
Nippon Steel Amax owns 50 
percent oFAlumax while Mitsui 
and Nippon own 45 per cent and 
5 per cent respectively. Mitsui 
and Nippon are expected to 
receive more than $400 million 
(£265 million), in cash and in 
Alumax preferred stock 
convertible into Amax common 

• WESSANEN: Agreement 
has been reached on the ac- 
quisition for cash of John ECain 
of Massachusetts, which makes 
a wide range of food products. It 
has an annual turnover of about 
$40 million (£26.5 million). 
With tbe inclusion of Cain. 
Wessanen's annual turnover in 
the US will comfortably exceed 
$500 million. 

HOLDINGS: The company is 
to buy — subject to shareholders’ 
approval - Barlow Clowes and 
Partners, a specialist gilts man- 
ager. based in Throgmorton 
Street, London. The price will 
be £250,000 initially, plus a 
deferred consideration based on 

terim dividend unchanged at 
1 Ip. payable SepL 3. The board 
reports that the overall trading 
performance for the first six 
months of this year has been 
excel lent. 

TIES: The company is reporting 
for the 15 months to March 31. 
1986. compared with the pre- 
vious 12 months. Total divi- 
dend, as forecast 2.68p (9.75p) 
on capita] increased by a one- 
for-one rights issue. Pretax 
profit £1.44 million, compared 
with the forecast of not less than 
£1 .4 million and a loss of £2.39 
million for 1984. Turnover 
£16.5 million (£4.8 million). 
-Earnings per share 3.68p (loss of 
7.80p on the old capital). 

The company has conditionally 
agreed to acquire ABT Hard- 
ware and Speedcraft Security 
Products for an initial consid- 
eration of 771.876 ordinary 
shares, worth abo ut £9 80.000. 

SERVICES: The Paris-based 
subsidiary, FretoiL has bought 
Interpec for 17.62 million francs 
(£1.64 million) in cash. Interpec. 
based in Paris, imports and 
distributes equipment used in 

Frauds Sumner has agreed to 
boy Astra Holdings, a Kent- 
based pyrotechnics and fire- 
works group. It wQI issne 64 new 
ordinary shares for every three 
Astra ordinaries, up to a total of 
24.73 million shares. Based on i 
24 p, the price at which Sumner 
shares were suspended last Fri- 
day, the offer values Astra at 
£5.9 million and each Astra 
share at 512p. The boards 
believe that a combination of the 
financial resources of Sumner 
and the business activities of 
Astra will provide an excellent 
base from which to develop tbe 
enlarged group. 

the oil and petrochemical 

• HOWDEN GROUP: Year to 
April 30. Total dividend 3.85p 
(3_36pJ. Turnover £224.13 mil- 
lion (£184.96 million). Pretax 
profit £11.7 million (£11.36 
million). Earnings per share 
12.4p (12J2p). 


March 31, 1986. Turnover 
£484.000 (£104,000). Pretax loss 
£670.000 (loss £1.02 million). 
Loss per share 7.2p ( 14.4p). 

March 31. Total dividend 15p 
(I15p). Turnover £5.05 million 
(£7.57 million). Pretax profit 
£1.36 million (£1.34 million). 
Earnings per share 59- 1 Op 
<46.75p). Comparisons restated. 

Our distribution fleet runs efficiently 

on any kind of fuel. 

Den; kerosene, gas oil, coal, LPG: it makes 
no difference to Oceans fleet 

Because the fleet in question, which flies under 
the flag of Ocean, is one of the largest, most efficient 
and fastest-growing fuel distribution businesses in the 
UK today 

And at the same time, an excellent example of 
Oceans dynamic development as an industrial and dis- 
tribution services group. 

Cory Coal is one of Britain’s leading private 
coal trading companies, offering blending, supply and 
technical services to industrial and domestic clients. 

Cory f Oil, operating in East Anglia and die 
South East, is the largest Shell distributor in the UK. 

And our most recent development, Cory Gases, 
packs and distributes Shell LPG in South East and 
Central England 

Together with our operations in Northern 
Ireland and the Irish- Republic, these businesses make 
up a major strategic presence in a market which is both 
demanding and profitable. 

Profitable that is, for a company with the 
necessary distribution skills to meet the high standards 
(and even higher volumes) of a rigorous and exacting 

Profitable, in other words, for a company such 
as Ocean. Our core management skills, also applied in 
shipping, offshore oil support, warehousing and freight 
forwarding offer the right combination of expertise 
and of stamina. 

After all, it's 
not called the en- 

nothing for We can handle it. 

ocen n 

Dixons should light up 

Dixons’ shares are stiH 
suffering from disappoint- 
ment after Ming to win 
Wool worth and from uncer- 
tainty over tbe future of- tbe 
52 per cent stake in its 
erstwhile bid target An early 
placing seems tbe most likely 

course. . 

The shares were 370p be- 
fore the bid, but closed 
yesterday at 326p, up 4p on 
the day. The announcement 
of pretax profits in 1985-86 of 
£78.1 million and extraordi- 
nary bid costs of £ 12.8 mil- 
lion merely confirmed what 
had already been said. What 
will happen this year is more 
interesting. L . . . 

Sales are well ahead with 
29 per cent growth in tbe first 
six weeks, the stores expan- 
sion programme is accelerat- 
ing and profits from financial 
services are set to rise. 

Dixons will spend £59 
million this year, compared 
with less than £40 million last 
year on 60 new Dixons stores 
(a 15 per cent increase in 
space), 30 new Currys (9 per 
cent more space) and at least 
JO new Power City stores (50 
per cent more space). 

Net debt to equity was. 
down to 15 per cent at the 
year-end from 91 per cent 
after the Currys acquisition. 
At tbe end of this year Dixons 
should be in a net cash 
position, despite the higher 
level of capital expenditure. 

It should also earn more 
money from its profit sharing 
arrangement in Club 24, the 
consumer credit operation 
owned by Next, and from its 
extended guarantee insurance 
business, which from this 
month will be reinsured with- 
in the group. 

Profits this year, according 
to Scrimgeour Vickers, 
should rise to £ 102 J million, 
giving a prospective p/e ratio 
of just over 17. The rating is 
in line with the prospeenve 
stores index, but does not 
reflect Dixons' outstanding 
success of the past few years. 

The shares should start to 
recover over the next few 
months and, according to 
Dixons fens in the City, 
should hit 400p before 

Eurotherm Intnl 

Eurotherm International, 
which manufactures electron- 
ic controls, is not very popu- 
lar with the City's electronics 
analysts. Until recently the 
crystal-ball gazers were fore- 

seeing a small increase in 
interim profits, to be -fol- 
lowed by a rise of some 20 per 
cent for the whole year. 

Yesterday the analysis re- 
ceived something of -a shock 
from Eurothenn and proba- . 
Wy a- few sharp telephone 
calls from angry clients. In- 
stead of the small half-tune 
rise, pretax profits for the six 
months to April 30 were 
down four per cent at £3.35 
million. And in place of a 
buoyani foil year forecast, the 
company said profits -are 
likely to be similar u> the £y 
million recorded last year. 
Humble pie was the onto ; of. 
the day for Eurotherm, which 
a year ago was confi dent of 
maintaining a target growth 
rate of 20 per cenL 

The main culprit has been 
Infoscribe Inc.' an American 
printer manufacturer ac- 
’ quired in March . last year.. - 
Relocated from California to 
Virginia. Infoscribe -lost 
£400.000 because of the slow- . 
down in American economic 
growth and a clampdown on 
government spending after 
the Gramm-Rudman budget- 
slashing amendment was 
passed. Infoscribe's British . 
arm had to delay a product 
launch again and' lost a. 
similar amount 

Eurothenn said fuB-year 
losses at Infoscribe shoukLbe 
reduced significantly. The 
group's Eurotherm Corpora- 
tion. another American sutK 
si diary, also fell on : hard 
times, with profits down by 
£740,000. Again the sluggish 
American economy - was 
blamed. • : - 

Taken together, the various 
parts form a mixed bag which 
generates little excitement in 
the City The shares contin- 
ued their recent slide yester- 
day. losing 1 Sp to" 265p after 
touching 255p. They now 
trade on a prospecti ve eam- 
ings multiple of 13' ' 

Magnet & 

Investors are being drawn by 
Magnet & Southerns, fn the 
past six months the shares 
have risen 50p to 184p, and 
yesterday’s figures suggest 
there could be further gains to 

Profits for the year to 
March 31 • fell from £28.2 
million to £26.1 million be- 
fore, tax but that reflected a 
poor first half. Second-half 

profits rose by 25 per cent fo ■ 
£14.0 million. - ' 

That reflects the undoutA-. . 
ed success of the company's 
reorientation of its disiribu-] 
lion network from a pure 
builders' merchant : to; - a 
mixed do-it-yourself chain. 
The first showroom was 
opened in February Iwt yfehrj 
and by the year end that 
. were 83. The present towljs; , 
10S and by the end of. the 
current --year .-another. .-4^ . 
should be - opened, leaving; 
100 unchanged. . _ --.fy .. 

The average sales increase ; 
in the converted outlets- 
running at between 5Qand oO 

percent The company sayt it 

has retained “the loyalty ofits 
trade customers white : 
ning business from the- tapir , 
street shopper: ' . ' - • 

r ■ At the same time as making* r 
this fimdamenlal shift fir 
distribution, [ Magnet -. tare ? 
streamlined. Its operations!: v 
The officeat Widnes, Chests 
ire. is being dosedat a cosrhf ' • 
£! million and. the. timbti* 
trading business wiB now be 
run from the Bead office, at 
Keighley, West' Yorkshire. . , 
Relocation costs will' be 't& 
coupedthis year. : rv:'‘ 

’ . The company no lotigeir 
supplies ; its . breakdown. qF 
proms between Magnet Join- r 
ery anti Southern-Evans, . 
which used to ghre some 
hufication of the relative . 

perform an ce . respectiyely . of 
manufac turing and distribu- 
tion. Itis no longer oWigxfcfo - 
do -SO as it bought- hf. the. 
outstanding debenture stoats ; 
last week and it says that the 
figures are now. meaningless 
as the businesses are- fofly 
integrated.-'."- ’ 

In stock market tenns.-uus 
• vertical structure should con- 
tribute to a reappraisal of tite 
company as a retajlrag'comr 
, pany with manufacturing . 

- bade up, rather than a diversi- 
fied timber Importer. .In the- 
ory - that represents - the 
difference between a praspec- 
tive multiple of 17 (in line 
: with Dixons) and 10 (in line 
with Meyer International^ 

. Whether theory is put-into 
practice remains to be seen. 
Already Magnet has left Mey- 
er behind, with its prosgpec- 
’.tive p/e ratio rising from 10 
to 14 over the past year, 
assuming profits rise, to £35 
million) in the current year. A 
multiple of 17 would imply a 
mice of 21 6a. which, if the 

price of 21 6p. which, 
theoty holds* good, could 
soon be attained. ; 

Steel ‘on way to 
£200m profits’ 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

Britain’s newly profitable 
state-owned steel industry 
should reach its target of a pre- 
tax profit of £ 200 m within the 
next three to five years, Mr 
Robert Scholey. the chairman, 
told MPs yesterday. 

Mr Scholey, appearing be- 
fore the Commons Select 
Committee on Trade and 
Industry, said that such a level 
of earnings, before financing 
chaiges, was essential if the 
British Steel Corporation was 
to be able to fond its capital 
investment programme. 

This year the corporation 
plans to spend £225 million 
and thereafter at the rate of 
about £200 million a year, 
mostly on modernization 
projects aimed at improving 
efficiency and supporting 
product development 

Mr Scholey emphasized 
that privatization of the BSC 
was not a priority. The central 
aim was to be free of state aid 
— which ended in the case of 
the BSC, but not of some of its 
European competitors at the 
end of last year - and to 
continue on a profitable route. 

He did, however, oppose 
piecemeal sale of the 
corporation’s businesses, par- 
ticularly if the steelmaking 
activity was deprived of its 

Mr Scholey was adamant 
that the BSC did not want any 
more Government financial 
aid. If the BSC was profitable 
and really free from state aid, 
then Britain's political posi- 
tion in Europe was strength- 
ened, he said. 

While the BSC has pledged 
to keep open its five integrated 
steelworks. including 
Ravenscraig in Lanarkshire, 
for another three years, Mr 
Scholey said the corporation 
would prefer to operate from 
fewer sites. Thyssen of West 

Germany, Europe's premier 
producer, now produced the 
same tonnage as the BSC but 
from one steel plant. 

Mr Scholey reminded MPs 
that the BSC faced the com- 
petitive pressures of an inter- 
national rather than national 
market, a sentiment echoed by 
a report from the Iron and 
Steel Economic Development 
Committee published today. 

This concludes that the 
British industry “pot only 
needs the operating freedom 
to adapt and develop its 
business to the changing mar- 
ket place but also to match the 
strategies of international 

Again reflecting Mr 
Schoiey's remarks, the report 
says that severing ofBSC links 
to user markets through hiv- 
ing off of the joint ownership 
companies or complete di- 
vorce of the remaining BSC 
operations by region or prod- 
uct group could weaken the 
British steel industry's stance 
against principal overseas 
competitors who were 
strengthening (heir own links 
between steel production and 
the market. 


Nashua Copycat: Mr Barry 
Blackburn has been made 
chairman. ' 

The Equipment teasing As- 
sociation: :Mr Alan Onttefl . 
becomes chairman and Mr. 
Derek Soper vice-chairman. 
Insurance Organisation 
Consultants: Mr DEQ JPdpe 
and Mr DG Peters have-behn 
appointed • main boat'd 
directors. ; r 

James HaJslead: Mr Roy 
Murphy becomes mana^qg 
director. : 7 : 

American Express Bank: 
Mr Alan La giey, Mr Ian 
Jardine and Mr Alan Baiitylen 
have been elected executive 
vice presidents. 

Metalrax: Mr 'David • 
Knowles becomes .safer- 

W Canning: Mr Darid 
Probert has been matte execu- 
tive chairman. - 

Visnews Trustees: SI* • 
Zeintan Cowen has been elect- 
ed chairman. 

Atlantic Container ' Line: 
Mr Mike Morse becomes 
.executive vice-president^ 
USA, and Mr Dennis Roberts 
vice-president, commercial, 
ACL Services, on September 

Chessminster Group: ' Mr 
KW Ketterinqgham has ' been 
made managing director. . - 
TCS (UKk Mr John Wn- 
liains becomes mazfejriQS 
director. 1 









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. inn umca inur 

==:== ™^^============s==s==============^===i^^===: 

^Strike supporters win pension point 

POVPV «IM< A * *■ 


Law Report July 17 1986 

LAW 27 

Court of Appeal 

.1.^ . 

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* i- •*• in . Mv* 


■- - •??>*. 'Hi 

■•** * r 
•- i 

• :-.H ,-■%• 


'f-h * 

J ?***™ 1 Another v Secro- 

SZliSf* f0r ** BwK 

™«wt and Another 

fJSTf.i?? £ u ? iee O'Connor, 

Sfl*SK3£«» “* 

^Judgment given July 16} 

S^SJSLH** 1 Oo^erameni 
^pwannuanon (Amewhnem) 

&? Regulations (SI I9S1 No 
. - L a P^son who was vol- 
.untanly absent from duty in 
support of a strike was absent 

■sequence of a trade dispute** 
;even though he was not directly 
“i the trade dispute 
■aSTS str *king employes 
& f® eTD P, to ?e r - Accordingly. 

, he was entitled to exercise tne 

■2S^ en ^ y 1 zhat «g“lation to 
.retain tiw day lost as reckonable 
.service for ibe purpose of pen- 
sion nghts by the payment of an 
additional sum of money over 
tne nonrial rate of contribution. 

- „ ™? Court of Appeal so stated 
•snowing an appeal by the ap- 
jplicanjs, Mr John Povey and 
.Mrs Lois Stephens, from a 
•decision of Mr Justice Hodgson 
.'given on December 1 1 . 1985: 

.The 198 1 Regulations pro- 
X™? by regulation Cl A: “(I) 
This regulation applies to a 
person who (a) has been absent 
,lrom duty, otherwise than on 

Court is able to correct trivial error 

applicants to withdraw their 
labour but advised them to do 
so for one day on June 23. 1 982. 
The appliams accepted that 
advice and were each absent 
from duly for that day. 

The point of the case arose 
under the 1981 Regulations. 
The applicants claimed to ex- 
ercise the right given by the 
regulations to retain the day lost 
as reckonable service for the 
purposes of pension rights by 
(he payment of an additional 
sum of money over the normal 
rate of contribution. 

The minister was minded to 
determine the question by 
deciding that the applicants 
were not persons to which 
regulation ClA applied and 
tbaL therefore, they could not 
retain the day lost on payment 
of the sum due. 

At the request of the ap- 
plicants the minister decided to 
aate a special case Tor 
determination by the High 
Court. The case posed the 

question whether on the facts 
found by him the secretary of 

found by him the secretary of 
state was entitled to deckle that 
the applicants* absence from 
duty was not in consequence of 
a trade dispute within the 
meaning of regulation CIA of 
the 1981 Regulations. 

Mr Justice Hodgson said that 

■ leave of absence, for a period of !£ j 1 f £ r hi "l a PP>y 

one or more days during and in 
.consequence of a trade dispute 
• and (b) immediately before (i) 

*the period of absence was a 

. pensionable employee. 

the law to the facts of the case 
and to decide it he would have 
come to a different conclusion. 
He would have decided that the 
applicants had been absent front 

-5‘a. .» 

: i.Jgfr 

■ ■■ 

paragraph (t) ... (b) it is 
immaterial whether or not (i) 
the person was participating in 
or financing or otherwise di- 
rectly interested in the trade 
.dispute, or (ii) the employing 
• authority were a party to the 
■ trade dispute." 

consequence of a trade dispute. 

But the judge decided that his 
own view of the facts was 
irrelevant because the minister 
had correctly directed himself in 
law and was entitled to decide 
that in all the circumstances 
there was no causal connection 
between the applicants' absence , 

Mr Colin Smith. QC. for the from duty and the trade dispute, 
iplicants; Mr Andrew Collins. The regulation on its face 

- applicants; Mr Andrew Collins. 
QC for the Secretary of State for 
■ the Environment. 

GIBSON said that the ap- 
plicants were social workers and 
members of the National and 
Local Government Officers' 
Association (Nalgo). In June 
1 982 a trade dispute occurred at 
the hospital at which they were 
employed by Dudley Metropoli- 
tan Borough Council. 

Hie applicants were not 
themselves involved in the 
trade dispute but the Trades 
Union Congress asked Nalgo to 
show their support for the strike 

imported no element of dis- , 
cretiou in the application of the 
regulation to a person to whom i 
it applied. His Lordship found 
the case difficult. 

The applicants and the union 
wished to obtain a ruling dial 
the views as to the proper 
construction of the regulation as 
indicated in the formulation of 
the case were wrong; in particu- 
lar. the proposition that because 
absence from duty was vol- 

untary it was incapable of being 
in consequence of a trade dis- 

tn consequence of a trade dis- 

Having regard, however, to 

by the National Health Service ^ *»"■»£ the reason for 

; employees by means of a token *** proposed determination by 

withdrawal of labour. 

Nalgo did not instruct the 

the minister were set out in the 
case, the question was whether 

Lands Tribunal can 
award interest 
in subsidence claim 

■ to 

i Knibb and Another r National 
- Coal Board 

-Before Sir John Donaldson, 
-“Master of the Rolls, Lord Justice 
S*Nouree and Lord Justice 
<3lidewell * 

, .(Judgment given July l 1] 

" : ‘ The Lands Tribunal had juris- 
diction to award interest when 
.^resolving a dispute over 
.^compensation payable under 
-the Coal Mining (Subsidence) 
“Act 1957. 

, The Court of Appeal so held. 
„Xord Justice Nourse dissenting, 
in dismissing the National Coal 
"TBoanTs appeal by case stated 
-• from the determination of the 
Lands Tribunal (Mr J. H. Emlyn 
“ Jones FRtCS) on November 16. 
-*■1984 of the amount of 
compensation payable to foe 
-claimants, John Stanley Knibb 
and Nancy Knibb. following 
"“subsidence damage to their 
' bungalow caused by mining. 

On a cross-appeal by the 
...claimants, the court held that 

• - interest should accrue from the 

date when the cause of action 
. . arose, and not the later date of 
-'the board's election to pay 

* compensation rather than to 
execute remedial works. 

“ • Mr Anthony Purnell, QC and 

- Mr Guy Roots for the board: Mr 
Nigel Wilkinson for the daim- 

.^ants, - 


- ROLLS said that under section 

of the 1957 Act the primary 

- obligation of lhe board was to 
“. execute remedial works; but it 

had lhe right to elect instead to 
make a payment to the claimant 
-.equal to the reasonable cost of 
such works or. if less, to the 
depreciation in value of the 
claimant’s property. 

*. Section 13<J) provided that 
“in default of agreement any 

dispute under the Act should be 

referred to the county court 
“-. where the rateable value of foe 
mr damaged property did not ex- 
*■“ ceed £100 and in any other case 
foe Lands Tribunal (in Scot- 
*w.|and, the sheriff)- 
j* It was important, first, that 
-'“the county court, as a court of 
"-“record, had power to award 
interest where the claim was for 
recovery of a debt or daraag*. 
‘'' Furthermore, foe phrase in 
default of agreement" was foe 
-“language of arbitration, and was 
tZapt to cover not only agreement 
--von foe matter in disputebut dso 
?*an agreement to resof Y e n ®SJ?_ 

. dispute by consensual arbitra- 



- So far as 3 rtrirraiors w»e 
^concerned, foe House .of 
•-in President of In A? 
"Ti Pimadn Campania 
Z-SA ((19851 AC K»4) coneJufted 
thatjike foe courts, they jw* 
I^^neral common-law power en- 

titling them lb award interest; 
but that where, under their 
terms of reference, they were to 
conduct the arbitration in ac- 
cordance with foe law of En- 
gland, they were empowered to 
apply so much of that law as was 
to be found in section 3(1) of the 
Law Reform (M i scellaneous 
Provisions) Act 1934: see 
Chandris v Jsbra ndlsen-M oiler 
Co Inc ([1951 J I KB 240. 

Where arbitrators were ap- 
pointed under a statute, their 
mandate was to be determined 
by reference to the statute 
concerned: see Monmouthshire 
County Council v Newport BC 
([1947J l All ER 916). 

Parliament thus appeared to 
have provided three possible 
settlers of disputes under the 
1957 Act, two of which, the 
county court and a consensual 
arbitrator, undoubtedly had the 
power to award interest. It was 
inconceivable that the third, foe 
Lands Tribunal, had not been 
intended to have a similar 
power, if and so far as proceed- 
ings before it were for the 
recovery of a debt or damages. 

By section 1 3(3) of the Act foe 
tribunal was empowered, inter 
aJia, (a) to require foe board to 
carry out its obligations under 
the Act, or (b) to award da m ages 
for foe board’s failure to carry 
out those obligations within a 
reasonable time. 

The claimants’ cause of action 
in damages was complete if 
subsidence damage occurred 
and the board failed to execute 
remedial works or to pay 
compensation fas soon as 
reasonably practicable". 

If in principle interest could 
be awaraed on such a claim, 
then it should run from foe date 
when that cause of action first 
arose, and not foejater date 
when foe board gavelioiice that 
they did not propose to carry out 
remedial works and were there- 
fore prepared pay compensa- 

dissenting, said that it .was not 
possible to distinguish^ the 
present case from Swift v Board 
cfTrade « 1925] AC 52?) and 
Monmouthshire County Council 
r Newport BC. 

However desirable foe im- 
plication that in. dealing w*fo 
laree claims foe tnbunal had foe 
same power to award interest as 
foe county court had on smaller 
claims, it was not one which the 
accepted principles of statutory 
construction allowed the court 
to make. 

Lord Justice Glidewell deliv- 
ered a judgment concurring with 
foe Master of foe Rolls. 

Solicitors: Mr R. V. Cowles 
for Mr J. G. Tyrrell Eastwood; 
Sian Jay & Co for Anderson & 
Co, Nottingham. 

jiSgyj | Single payment limit 

Social Security 

Zr ■ „ July 16. dismissing an appeal by 

"^ Vaughan v Social Secunty ihe claim am, John Wdham 
: A SSwn Officer 

= jrrsssarsff e gs- 

The words "single 

- meet an e jeepnona 1 w^T , “ 


limited to exwpuu mia. * d * r secuon 

was unemployed and in receipt 

sS-Sssas BjBSSSm 

~ period. 

that proposed determination 
was itself a decision oflaw and, 
if it was. whether it was right in 

His Lordship was driven to 
the conclusion that the pro- 
posed determination by the 
minister was wrong in law. The 
appeal should be allowed and 
the court should answer the 
question in the case by saying 
that on the facts found by him 
lhe minister was not entitled to 
decide that the applicants' ab- 
sence from duty was not in 
consequence of a trade dispute. 

His Lordship's reasons for 
reaching that conclusion were 


His Lordship would start with 
the absence from duty and ask 
what were the causes of it? One 
cause was foe existence of the 
trade dispute. 

It led theTUC to ask Nalgo to 
show support by means of a 
token withdrawal of labour. The 
union advised but did not 
instruct the applicants to with- 
draw labour on June 23. 1982 in 
order to show that support. The 
applicants were absent on that 
day because they each chose to 
follow that advice. 

maiefjaJ whether or not the 
applicant was directly interested 
in the trade dispute or the 
employing authority a party to 
the dispute. 

It was dear beyond argument 
that the combination of causes, 
leading to the absence from 
duty, which was present in the 
instant case must have been 
within foe contemplation of 
Parliament as an ordinary and 
typical state of affairs in which 
absence from work would be a 
consequence of a trade dispute 
within the regulations. 

Could any of the concurrent 
causes, reasonably be regarded as 
an intervening or extraneous 
event so powerful that the trade 
dispute ceased to be a cause at 
all but was merely part of foe 
circumstances in or on which 
any or ail of those concurrent 
causes operated? 

No one of those other causes, 
nor all of them together, could 
be reasonably so regarded hav- 
ing regard to foe terms of foe 
regulation. If Parliament had 
intended that such a sequence of 
events, in no sense extraor- 
dinary or untypical, should 
result in the precipitating cause 

There were other causes of lhe of the whole sequence, foal is. 
absence from duty as appeared fo e trade dispute, being no 

cost 01 conveyi“B ■■■- ” 

dren from foe homeof «- 
SSfe. who had custody. JO fos 
£wn seven miles away, for the 
purnww.of weekend access. 

from the findings of fact. One 
was the request by the TUC to 
Nalgo for a show of support. 
Another was the acceptance of 
that request by Nalgo and the 
giving of advice by Nalgo to 
their members. Yet another 
cause was foe the sc para le 
decision made by each applicant 
to act on that advice and stay 
away from work. 

Parliament had approved 
regulation CIA. which afforded 
the right to retain as reckonable 
days lost by absence "in con- 
sequence or a trade dispute. 

longer regarded as a cause of foe 
absence from work, different 
language would have appeared 
in the regulation. 

His Lordship concluded that 
on the facts found by foe 
minfaier the trade dispute was in 
law a cause of the absence from 
duty and would hold that foe 
minister was not entitled to 
decide that the absence was not 
in consequence of that trade 

Lord Justice O'Connor and 
Sir Denys Buckley agreed. 

Solicitors; Miss P. Grant; 

In re Wilbire Systems pic 
Before Lord Justice O'Connor, 
Lord Justice Kerr and Sir Denys 

(Judgment given July 16] 

Where a resolution for the 
reduction ofa company’s capital 
contained a latent error of an 
insignificant character so that 
no one could be prejudiced by 
its correction, foe court had 
either a statutory power under 
section 13? of foe Companies 
Act 1985 or an inherent power 
to confirm foe reduction of 
capital in a form or upon terms 
which would correct the error. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
dismissing an appeal by foe 
applicant. Stuart Percy Willison, 
from an order dated March 7. 
1986 of Mr Justice Mervyn 
Davies slaying all further 
proceedings on the applicant’s 
originating motion on foe 
ground that it disclosed no 
reasonable cause of action 
against the company, Wilbire 
Systems pic and against 
Sol id fact Management Ltd. 

Mr John Lindsay, QC and Mr 
John Brisby for foe applicant; 
Miss Mary Arden, QC, for 
Wilbire and Mr Michael Todd 
for Solid fact. 

reduction of • foe company's 

For the purpose of im- 
plementing certain proposals to 
achieve that, the circular incor- 
porated a notice of an extraor- 
dinary general meeting of the 
company for the purpose of 
considering and. if thought fit. 
passing two resolutions which 
were set out. 

“necessary" for a further special 
resolution to be passed, and a 
further extraordinary general 
meeting was convened for that 
purpose on February 3, 1986. 

At that meeting Special resolu- 
tions were passed to precisely 
the same effect as before save 
that the previous errors were 

Those new resolutions were 

Unhappily foe draftsman of aft passed, foe voting being 
the notice misstated the number conducted on foe register as it 

light of the factual situation as to 
foe amount of foe company’s 
issued and unissued share cap- 
ital at the date of the circular 
and that so construed the resolu- 
tion was of full force and effect. 

Section 137 of the Companies 
An 1985 provided that the court 
might make an order confirming 
a reduction of capital "on such 
terms and conditions as it thinks 

and provided ihat it was im- Treasury Solicitor. 

that foe company, which dealt 
in air- conditioning and allied 
equipment experienced finan- 
cial difficulties and foe ap- 
plicant became anxious to 
arrange a reorganization of irs 
capital and foe injection of some 
new money. 

He had discussions with a 
business associate and those 
resulted in the issue in May 
1985 to shareholders of a cir- 
cular containing proposals for a 
rights issue of new ordinaiy 
snares of the company and a 

of existing unissued ordinary 
shares as 2.073.420 instead of 
foe correct figure of 2.073,417, 
and misstated foe number of 
issued ordinary shares as 
14.926,580 instead of the correct 
figure of 14.926*5 S3. The trou- 
ble arose from that minute 

The special resolution which 
was set out in foe notice- 
contained paragraphs (A) to (G) 
and foe error was contained in 
paragraph (E). 

The extraordinary general 
meeting took place on May 29, 
1985 when the special resolution 
was passed in the terms of the 
notice and foe applicant voted 
in favour of it. life rights issue 
was implemented in due course. 

Further to negotiations which 
had taken place with the busi- 
ness associate; the applicant 
renounced 3.600,000 of the 
rights issue shares in favour of 
Solidfact, who was in due course 
registered as the owner of foe 
shares and had paid for them. 

It was those shares in respect 
of which the applicant by 
originating morion sought 
rectification of foe company's 

then stood, namely, including 
the rights issue shares. 

If upon investigation it be- 
came apparent to the court that 
the resolution under consid- 

The applicant asserted that if eraiion contained some latent 

he fed been allowed to vote in error of so insignificant a 

respect of his fuU entitlement of character that no one could be 
shares prior to the implements- thought to be prejudiced by its 

jmto wiht.ib uus tnougnt to ue preiuaicea oy its 

tioo of the nghts issue, that is, if correction, and if it was clear 
the voting had been conducted h0w it should be corrected, there 

as if no rights issue had yet been 
made, he would have been in a 
position to block foe special 
resolution as he would have had 
more than 25 per cent of the 

votes cast at foe meeting. 
The only question before 

was no doubt that foe court bad 
either the statutory power or an 
inherent power to confirm the 
reduction of capital in a form or 
upon terms which would corrct 
foe error. 

judge was whether foe applicant 
was bound to fail on his claim to 
rectification, based as it was on 
an assertion that the special 
resolution of May 1985 was 
without effect. 

The essential feature of foe 
applicant's case was that para- 
graphs (A) to (G) of foe special 
resolution constituted one in- 
divisible composite resolution 
which was ineffective in its 
entirety by reason of foe fan 
that paragraph (E) was ineffec- 

By a respondent's notice 
served out of time in the Court 
of Appeal, foe company con- 

register by deleting the name of tended that foe special resol u- 

Soiidfact and! substituting his 
own as foe owner of foe shares. 

When foe errors in foe figures 
contained in foe special resolu- 
tion came to light, foe company 
was advised that it was 

tion of May 1985 was severable 
so that if paragraph (E) was 
defective it was capable of being 
severed from the rest of foe 
resolution; and foal foe resolu- 
tion should be construed in the 

It was unnecessary and un- 
reasonable to require foe com- 
pany in the present case to incur 
the considerable expense of 
obtaining a corrective special 
resolution as in fact it did in 
February 1986. 

Therefore paragraph (E) of foe 
special resolution of May 1985 
was not ineffective and the 
resolution was not incapable of 
confirmation. Reading the cir- 
cular as a whole, it was 
manifestly ridiculous to sup- 
pose that it could have ben 
intended to leave three issued 
shares unaffected. 

The applicant was bound to 
fail upon foe originating mo- 

Lord Justice Kerr and Lord 
Justice O'Connor agreed. 

Solicitors: Penningtons Ward 
Bowie for Bridgeman Morris, 
Bedford; Cl i ffora-T umer. 

Ayear of 


continued growth 

for BAA 


outturn pnees year 
endmg 3151 Moron 


outturn pnees year 
ending 3 bi March 


outturn pi ices year 
ending 3lsi March 

Millions of 
par annum 


BAA Planning 

Forecast (19821 

Sian sled Inquiry 

75 76 77 78 79 '80 , 81 

‘Demand Pfenning Mifue 
'83 B4 '85 ~86~ ’87 '88 89 "90 

Statement by the Chairman, Sir Norman Payne, CBE, fiEng. 

As forecast in my report last year, passenger traffic growth 
in 1985/6 was at a slower rate of 4.8 per cent. 

A current cost trading profit of ^87 million, 20-6 per 
cent up on the previous year; giving a 7.5 per cent return on 
average net assets, is therefore a satisfactory result for the yean 

BAA reduced its borrowing by ^21 million and capital 
expenditure during the year was ^151 million, funded entirely 
from internal resources. 

This level of investment reflects the continual need to 
provide new capacity to meet forecast demand. 

Our aim, as we move into the private sector, must be 
a continued improvement in BAA’s performance and an 

1985/6 j 1984/5 . Change % 

Total passengers 


Tra ding profit (CCA) 
Capital expenditure 

£396m ; 
£87m | 


£ 72m 




Return on average net assets , 7-5% 


Overseas income 

^89m r £84 m 

increase in the quality of service we provide for our airline, 
passenger and cargo customers. 

For a copy of the Annual Report write to: 

The Librarian, BAA Group Services, 

Masefield House, Gatwick Airport, 

West Sussex RH6 OHZ. 

m . British B 



iThe World’s Most Successful International Airport System 





July 17, 1986 

A sk any manager who 
has been at work for 1 5 
io 20 years what major 
differences he or she 
feces today compared 
with those of, say, 15 years ago, 
and the word “change" will proba- 
bly find its way into the answer. 
Thai is not of course, to imply 
that change is something new; but 
it is undeniable that the speed and 
size of change now confronting 
managers in most commercial 
organizations is a world away 
from the gentle evolutionary de- 
velopment which, with the benefit 
of hindsight, was the norm 10 
years ago. 

Before the economic recession 
of the late 1970s. industry includ- 
ed in its ranks a far larger number 
of companies than’ it does now. 
The fact that so many of them 
ceased trading or went bankrupt is 
in part due to economic 

had not understood or perceived 
the need for entrepreneurial or 
innovative leaders, and by the 
time they realized what was 
happening it was too late. 

However, a common problem 
experienced by many was that 
they lacked the sort of manage- 
ment which might have given 
them the chance of survival. They 

In the retail sector, the pace of 
change during the past few years 
has bran greater than at any time 
before. v 

Shopping is no longer an activi- 
ty carried on out of pure, necessity. 
It is a social activity which 
requires modem retailers to at- 
tend to customer needs in terms of 
merchandise (which was done 
anyway) and more importantly, to 
the problem of creating the sort of 
ambience and environment in 
which their customers will feel 
comfortable, and hence be more 
likely to spend. 

A walk around any modern 
chain or department store will 
reveal the many changes made in 
the past few years — walkways 
which enable you to see what is on 
offer without having to fight your 
way through serried ranks of racks 
and counters; new methods of 
display which show goods off to 
their best advantage; computer- 

Retail managers 
need a flair for 
making shopping 
a pleasing social 
activity today, 
says Paul Smith 

ized tills and stock control sys- 
tems; a multiplicity of payment 
methods, including in-house cred- 
it cards; carpeted floors, subdued 
fighting, carry-to-car services and 

Of course, all this could not 
have been achieved unless some- 
body had decided how, when and 
where to do it. As management in 
retailing is ideally unobtrusive, 
customers are not normally aware 
of the flair and decision-making 
ability required of retail managers. 

nor of the professional techniques 
used by them. 

This gives us our biggest recruit- 
ment problem, as the manage- 
ment staff on view in most stores 
rarely seem to be doing anything. 
The assumption is therefore made 
that the major qualities required 
do not include intelligence, busi- 
ness acumen, a large degree of self- 
motivation and high skill in 
leading and motivating others. 

As Marks & Spencer currently 
pays its top store managers a 

package worth more than £50,000 
a year, it would be difficult to 
explain why we should reward 
mediocrity so generously unless 
uninformed perceptions were to- 
tally wrong. 

Finding managers who can cope 
with the challenges retailing pro- 
vides is not easy. Most companies 
have some immutable guidelines 
about their operation: Marks & 
Spencer has such principles, main- 
ly to do with our stance on the 
quality and value of what we sell 
and with the relationship we wish 
to have with our staff manufac- 
turers and customers. These philo- 
sophical ideals never change, but 
the policy for achieving them 
constantly changes. This gives 
managers a variety of problems 
requiring considerable ingenuity 
to solve. 

However, successful manage- 
ment must be pn>active.That is, it 
must set itself objectives rather 
than just react to those set for it. 
For this reason, our managers are 
asked to identify personal and 
group objectives, which they be- 
come responsible for achieving. 

This requires them to evaluate 

past performance, analyse future 
opportunities, and to devise busi- 
ness strategies for whatever area 
they are working in. If any further 
evidence is needed to substantiate 
the challenge of retail manage- 
ment, then this is it 
Retailing is one of the largest 
employers of people in the UK. 
This is perhaps surprising in view 
of the image problems the indus- 
try has, and our biggest problem is 
to deride how and when to sell 
ourselves to those who sooner or 
later will come on to the job 

M uch has recently 
been written about 
government initia- 
tives concerning in- 
dustry finks with 
education. Our own experience 
would support the view that 
education currently provides 
training in academia, -but does 
rather less to prepare students for 
work or choosing suitable careers. 

As many of our retailing col- 
leagues do, we have an extensive 
schools and university liaison 
system, and a heavy commitment 

to work experience training. Nev^ 
ertheless, this only scratches the 
surface of the problem of how to 
reach the brightest minds tad’, 
convince them -that retailing can: 
offer the kind of stimulation and; 
challenge they seek. 

If the Government' proposes;, 
new syllabuses in schools (ar otheiC 
schemes), ihen it is -certain -that* , 
industry would be only too nappy;- 
to respond positively, particularly* •. 
retail companies whose attraction 
problems are so acute: 1 ' ; 

Hurty-five years ago. President: 
Kennedy said; “Change is the law; 
of life And those who only look to 
the past or the present are certanr 
to miss the future." - 

As business becomes even more - 
international, British industry.; 
and retailing in particular needs; 
to take a good look at its own: 
future to ensure that it convinces; 
our finest minds that it has .the 
resources to. provide them with- 
interesting, exciting and rewarding ‘ 
careers. ' 


Pout Smith isjhe senior persoimet 
executive of Af arks & Spencer -•••’ 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 


Regional General Mana g er 


Hanchfister C«£34>500 subject to esuty review 



Watkins-Johnson Limited, a leader in EW Airborne Training Sys- 
tems is looking for a Professional to manage their EW Team. The 
Company is based in pleasant surroundings on die outskirts of 

Reporting to the Manager UK Operations, the successful appli- 
cant will lead a professional and experienced Design, 
Development and Marketing Team in its objectives of expanding 
the Company's EW business. 

The successful applicant will have an Honours Degree in Elec- 
tronics and have gained wide experience in the field of EW 
systems. He or she will have a proven trade record in the man- 
agement of EW programmes, be currently employed in a senior 
position in this field, and possess a working knowledge of 
MoD(PE) procedures. 

This is a key role within the Management Team and commands a 
salary and benefits package commensurate with such a position. 
For an application form and further details 
telephone the Personnel Department on 
Windsor (0753) 869241 or alternatively send 
C.V. to Watkins-Johnson Limited, Dedworth 
Road, Oakley Green, Windsor SL4 4LH 

The North W este r n Bcgtonaf Health Author i ty is 

responsible through 19 District Health Authorities, for the health 
cane of 4 million people living in Greater Manchester and 
Lancashire. The second largest region in England, we employ 
74,000 staff and have an annual revenue budget of over £900 
million and a capital budget of around £70 million . 

_ Due to the resignation of the cur rent posthokier. Gordon 
Greenshtelcfs, to take up another appointment, we are now 
seeking a man or woman with' the necessary qualities to become 
his successor in this demanding and challenging position. 

Leading an Executive Management Team and other Chief 
Officers, you will be responsible for carrying out the Authority's 
policies and plans in the most effective way. As the RHA is wd I on 
the way to implementing the proposals of the Griffiths report, your 
main objective will be to ensure that the considerable changes 
projected over the next 10 years achieve fruition. 

Applicants must be able to demonstrate considerable success at 
Senior level in a major organisation and be capable of 
commanding the support and respect of the many staff working 
within the service at national, regional and district level. 

Additionally you will have experience of managing change in a 
diverse and complex environment 

The salary of c£34.500 is subject to early review. 

A higher salary maybe available for an exceptional candidate. In 
addition, a performance related pay scheme isto be introduced for 
General Managers intheNHSinthe near future.The appointment will 
be on a shortterm rolling contract Initially of between 3 and 5 years. 

For an informal discussion regarding this position, please contact 
Sir John Page; Chairman. 061-236 9456 ext 495. 

Further details and application forms are available 
from Mr Jlyonfc. Head of P erso nn el. Northwestern 
R e gi o nal Health Authority Gatew a y House, P i n i cHy 
South, Manchester MAO 7LF. Telephone 061-236 9456 ext 
581. Closing date for applications: 18th August. 1986. 


IT Consultancy 

Total Solutions for Business 

UK & International 

Principal to £30K 4- car 
Senior to £25K 

Our client, the professional services division of a 
major IT company, is a centre of excellence for IT 
consultancy and project management world-wide. 
Employing some 130 people, increased demand 
has created vacancies at both principal and senior 
consultant levels. 

If you have in-depth experience of one of the 
following, let us hear from you:- 

• strategic IT consultancy 

• management of large IT projects 

• networking (voice and data) 

• manufacturing systems esp. CIM, OMAC 

• systems conversion and migration 

• design methodologies e.g. SSADM 

• database esp. EDMS 

• 4th generation development techniques 

Opportunities exist for foreign travel or expatriate 
assignments with generous allowances including 
accommodation and education. 

Please send C.V. quoting reference 12/I5ST or 

Tel: 01-835 9891 




The Trustees of the charity now seek to appoint a Campaign 
Director, who will be responsible for specifying objectives and 
implementing strategies to ensure the charity's fund-raising 
efforts are successful. He or she will recruit and manage a 
small frill-time executive team based in Central London, and 
co-ordinate the activities of voluntary helpers from all walks of 
life up and down the country. 

The successful candidate for this permanent position will 
possess genuine entrepreneurial flair, a knowledge of the 
techniques and methods of fund-raising on behalf of charitable 
causes and a vocational affinity with the campaign. 
Remuneration and benefits will be at the top end of the scale 
normally associated with this kind of work. In addition, he/she 
will receive the whole-hearted support of many corporate and 
private bodies already committed to the cause. 

Prospective candidates should write in the first 
instance explaining their suitability for the post, 
attaching a foil C.V. The address to write to is Box No. 
C64, c fo Times Newspapers Limited, P.O. Box 481, 
Virginia Street, London El 9BD. 



Because Ihis e a business that revolves 
a rtmnd you and your talents - not your age. sex. 
social standing or job experience. Il requires your 
common sense your charm and all your nafeaf 
ambihor. The business is called YOU and the 
business you are in is called dined selling. 

think you can gel anywhere in this Me without 
needing to sell yourself effectively 

Still with us? Good, then you recognise 
that given the right training good products and 
services. supported by a professional corporate 
framework, you could be considerably richer by 
this tone next year purely onyour own ab ihty 
There's no other job where the talent- 
earnings equation woks put solely in your favour: 
There's no other way (barring a legacy or pooh 
wtn)of ever breaking free from the predictability 
of your present lifestyle. But could' you cope? 


and no catch, 


Could you ridea bike orski the first tone? 

Of course you need training. That's why 
our dienb have all spent years perfectin g their 
sales training courses. Bs a variable asset which 
wiQ ensure you a future and it's a sound investment 

for theco mp anieswho nukeupsomeef the top 

names in Britain. They fofffl a boom sector in the 

economy and have been identified as the most likely 
sources of entrepreneurial tofait this country has. 

Essentially our clients a re an elite dub of 
high p e rfo r min g individuals operating under a 
corporate umbrella. 

They had the asurage to say W to a 

regular b u t mediocre salary It's an indication of 
their self confidence that they were prepared to 

mvest in themselves for high returns rather than 
settle for a Me sentence as a hired hand. 

That self confidences there in most of ua. 
waiting to be developed, toned up and given frae 
rein. Wait no longer. Call us today or tomorrow 
between f am. and 9 pm Jus* ask the operator fw 
Freefone. Mown Associates. Reading or complete 
Ae coupon and we will send you an information 
pack by return. Nostamp necessary justaddress 
ih Anthony Mown t Associates lid. Freepost, 
Reading RG l lBR. We won't waste any time 
because, as from today your tone mea n* money. 

My name i 


Homr T e le phone Ni 
Current Area of Wo 






On the retirement of Graham Ornnon, we are seeking to appoints new director to promote the fund’s 
many contributions to standards of health care delivery. * 

The Director will guide and oversee existing programmes and influence new directions in the Centre’s 
educational and other activities. 

Personal characteristics required include - . 

• An absolute commitment to service development in health care with, vision, imagination and a 
commitment to patient-centred view 

• Skills in project management and the development of network building' - - * 

• A capacity to gain and keep people's trust. ‘ 

The Director will be a member of the Fund's top management team, contributing to the leadership of the 
Fund as a whole. The person appointed may come from a wide range of disciplines, but an ability to 
cross professional boundaries is essential. A track record m health services is desirable. Even more 
helpful is a record of achievement in the management of change: " 

Salary and terms and conditions will be competitive with top health service posts. The position wil/ 
probably be on a 5 year contract renewable. 

A search committee has been established comprising Professer lan McColl (Chairman), Dr Tony 
Dawson, Shirley Goodwin. Robert Maxwell and Dr Geffrey Rivett with whom contact may be made. 

The closing dale for application is September IS 1986. Further information is available from: 

Mrs Sue McCamley, 

The King’s Fund, 14 Palace Court, 
London W2 4HT. 

A new charity in the field of medical research has recently 
been established, with the objective of raising substantial 
resources from private and corporate sources to fund a number 
of programmes in medical research and treatment: 

The King's Fund is committed to on Equal Oppotumties Policy i 


Data Conans Sales DTE £36K + car 

Do you have experience of Multiplexors, Pro- 
tocol Converters, PSS or X25 s. then this 
major Data Communications organisation has 
a superb career for you selling their systems 
into the S. West & S. B'Ham area’s. A PC 
Network sales type Is also needed to sen 
Ethernet, Novell or Pronet into the northern 
home counties. 

Tanker Sales 0TE £32K + car 

This major DEC systems house is engaged in: 
an expansion plan to match Its highly suc- 
cessful sales in 1985/6. London area sales 
executives (age 24 to 39) are now urgently 
required for their expanding distribution and 
Retan (micro based) Systems arm of this com- ’ 
pany; where computer solutions range from 
E25K up to £2M. 

Big Bang Sales E20K/0TE £55K 

With the coming of de-regulation of the Stock 
Exchange, opportunities selling services / 
systems into the CITY are at their highest The 
market leader In brokerage software solutions 
has two sates vacancies plus a sales trainee 
position for someone with good brokerage/ 
banking software design experience & with the 
right personality. 

Micro Sales 0TE £20 - £32K + car 

If you have more than 9 monfrts successful 
IBM or compatible micro solution selling ex- 
perience, then we have 42 separate expanding’ . 
organisations with fii separate locations from 
BRACKNELL to BRENTWOOD from which to 
choose. Vacancies also exist in BIRMINGHAM 

The Sales Recruitment Specialists 


Trafalgar House, Grenville Place, London, NW7 3SA 
Telephone: 01-959 1198/3611 (9583131 •venings) 

Mcftaefflopper* ■=. 
T20 other sates 
& support wacahciBi 



The prime responsibility of this 
newly created post is to support and 
deputise for the Secretary to the Council 
on policy and representational matters. 
Specifically, the Deputy Secretary wil) 
oversee the Council^ research-pro- 
gramme at its own Institutes and in 
Universities and elsewhere. There will 
also be a responsibility for corporate 
planning and policy and for public 
relations. The Deputy Secretary will serve 
on the Council's Management Board. 

Candidates must be highly qualified in 
a science relevant to agricultural and 
food research, with a distinguished ' 
record of innovative research. 

Successful experience in research 

management is an important requirements 
The appointment will run until March - 
1990 when it will be reviewed. Salary and ' 
conditions of service areas for a Grade" 3 

post in the Open Structure of the Civil - 

Service. Relocation assistance may be 

Location: Central London. The AFRC is ' 
an equal opportunity employee ■ 

AppHcatfon forms and further 
partlcslars an available from 
J M V Dickens, CW*f Personnel Officer* 
Apfeufturai and Food Research Council, 
160 Qrwat Portland Street, London 
WIN 6DT (Tai: oi-aeo 6655). 
dosing date: 18 August 1988. 



Professional Guidance and 
Assessment for all ages. 

l5-2< yrs Casses. Cveers 
25 34 yes: Progress. Qmges 
35-54 ws Hewew. 2nd Cams 

Full tea* m tree b«x*ue> 



» Gtarasto Place Wl 
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I Palace Court 

41 U. 






35 New Broad Street, London ECBIN/1 *1 IMH 
Teh 01-588 358BorO1.580 3576 
Telex No. 887374 Fax No. D1.S38 9S16 





a 109 saie3 ** tT ® rkefin g executive to build up their international business in the field of aviation 
01 deaSn 9 «*h UK and other MOOs, with aircraft manufacturers and military flight training wfli be 
ar 1 excellent career opportunity with top level salary and the usual big company benefits. Applications in 
^^ronnaence under reference WDSE18045/TT will be forwarded unopened to the company’s advisers unless you fist 
companies to which they should not be sent in a covering tetter marked for the attention of the Security Manager CJRA. 


CITY £20,000-£30,000 + CAR 


We invite appfcations from Chartered Secretaries, aged 28+, who must have gained at least 4 years' post-qua^caHon 
experience within the Financial Services Industry, preferably in the City of London. The selected candidate, who win 
report to the Managing Director, will be responsible for the fell range of Company Secretarial duties including: all statutory 
rejMrtingrequirBm&Tts; Baison with foe Bank of England on supervisory matters; sealing of Bank documents; attendance 
at Executive Committee meetings and Board meetings including organisation and issue of agenda and minutes; 
trambership of appropriate internal Committees and liaison with external legal and accounting services. In addition there 
wil be the opportunity for increasing involvement in the Bank's attention to Compliance duties in anticipation of 
Regulatory changes. Initial base salary negotiable £20,000-£30,000 plus excellent banking benefits including Company 
car and mortgage subsidy. Applications in strict confidence under reference CSM818035/TT will be forwarded unopened 
to oiF cfient unless you list companies to which they should not be sent in a covering tetter marked for foe attention of the 
Security Manager; CJRA. 


D’OYLY carte 

Appointment of 


The Trustees of the D’Oyly Carte Opera 


person of appropriate experience. 

Applications with c.v. to > 

M. B. Radcliffe, 

I Savoy Hffli 

London W.C.Z 

by 14th August, 1986 


mr (fired 10 sell_ _ ... . cCI 


The Try Construction Group is a rapidly expanding group of 
companies involved in buQding construction and commercial 
and residential property development We are seeking a Personnel 
Officer to take on full responsibility for all aspects of personnel 
management and industrial relations. The successful applicant 
will be expected to have a thorough knowledge of employment 
legislation and payroll systems and significant experience in 
recruitment The successful applicant should also be able to 
communicate effectively and sensitively with managers and 
employees at all levels. 

This isa senior management position and the person appointed 
will be expected to have the ability and commitment to make a 
significant contribution to tbe management and growth of the 
group. Ideally he will be educated to degree standard or carry an 
appropriate professional qualification and have had several 
years* experience in the construction industry or similar. 

Based at Uxbridge. Salary will be commensurate with qualifi- 
cations and experience. Company car, pension scheme and 
fringe benefits. 

Applications in writing with full c.v. to: 

Company Secretary, Try Construction Group, High Street, Cowley, 
Uxbridge, Middlesex. UB8 2AL 



uv woub MunmtstOD * crtbcr 


If>o Q art mature ■«««[*"“; from you 

An image of care and quality. 

Systems Analysts 


few companies in the world con begin to match THORN EMI's breadth of investment 
in home entertainment. The sale and rental of T.V. and video products through 1600 
U.K. outlets and 12 overseas countries, is the key to the group's future strategy. 
Successful business demands effective systems ana we now seek additional profes- 
sionals to provide computerised solutions and consultancy throughout the group in 
our overseas operations. 

cations backed up with the ability lo operate with a minimum ot supervision. Whe 
necessary, comprehensive training will be given to optimise your skills and potential. 

Candidates should be aged under 35 with a degree or equivalent business orientated 
qualification, together wth an entrepreneurial flair for problem solving in a dynamic 
commercial environment and the necessary communications skills to translate users' 
needs into computing reality. 

fn return you can expect considerable oppor- I 

funtty for |ob satisfaction and career develop- J - A 

ment at the forefront of automation technology, fl . a Afcff M 

together with an attractive benefits package / 1 t Mg MM 

including generous relocation assistance. f I _ f if 

Interviews are being held on the 4th to the 8th / J ] kfinf I J? W t jfep* 

of August 1986. -TI » wJf * 

For more details and an application form con- f Bfi 

tort 5he//ey {0793} 32123. f j ' 

e lut 





TTie Fund Is a large Christian organisation funding development and relief services in 

Developing Countries. It has over 100 UK based staff, income of £llm p-a. 
and is based in Teddingcon, Middlesex. 

The Job A new post, creared in response to rapid growth. Reporting to the Board, 

rhe Operational Director will collaborate doseiy with the General Director 
in ensuring that the ministry of Tear Fund is effectively implemented. Prime 
responsibilities ate: administrative and budgetary control through the nine 
departmental heads; planning and executing improvements to the 
organisation's structure and systems; and day-to-day leadership, assessment 
and career development of sraff 

Candidates Probably aged 40-55, must possess senior management experience and have 

demonstrated interpersonal and adminisrrarive skills in a dynamic 
environment. Tear Fund has an evangelical basis and the new Director will 
share that outlook and a concern for the organisation's objectives. An 
attractive remunerative package, commensurate with the responsibilities, will 
be negotiated. 

1 Please apply ro Sir Timothy Hoarv, Career Plan Ltd, Chichester House, Chichester Rents, Chancery Lane, 

London. WC2A 1EC, id: 01-242 5775. 



Personnel Consultants 


FPS (Management) Ltd is a leading firm of financial advisors and because of phenomenal 
expansion in 1986 is looking for outstanding individuals to complement its London based team 
of professionals. 

The right individuals (aged 23+ and based in London) will be energetic and intelligent, highly 
motivated, hardworking and able to absorb new ideas quickly. 

Full training will be provided. , * 

Remuneration expected to be in excess of £20,000, and lead to management within the first 


This is a superb opportunity to develop your own business and career path in a growing 
company and in an exciting industry. 

For further details phone the Regional Manager on 01-240 9058 



An influential role with Ford of Europe 

up to £ 16 , 000 pa + car 

Ford seeks a professional Economist with 
broad experience to join our Economic 
Studies Department located at our Central 
Office in Brentwood, Essex. The successful 

or her late 20’s, with a good economics degree 
Erorioinics-relat^^^iS^^^^eSe could 

have been gained ezfter in industry, in a private 
or Government research function or in a Higher 
Education establishment Knowledge of a second 

vehicle market, and political trends affecting 
Ford activities throughout Europe. 

sr an initial salary of up to £16, 

to evaluate their impact onthe Company’s 
business. It is a challenging role requiring 
ability to adapt to fest-ntovmg highly 
competitive international business and to 

depending on experience, plus an attractive 
lease car facility and the big Ford benefits 
package which includes relocation aggi«h^f*> 
where appropriate. 

Please write with sufficient details to make an 

communications with both fellow 
economists and Ford 
management will be vitaL 
Our need is for a 
successful man or 
woman, probably in his 

i r«!:ir -iJTi il 

1/578, Ford Motor Company 
I li m i te d. Eagle Way, Wadey, 
Brentwood, Essex. 

Tel: Brentwood (0277) 252309. 




A.C.LS. or Solicitor 

Our dfent is a tong estsbfished and successfei specialist service 
organisation with a network of Jflgh Street branches and centra/ 
.production facfflties. 

The business te currently undergoing a pafod of rapid and 
fundamental chaige and aurcSent is wefl ptaced to take fuH 
advantage of the many opportunities ihiste creating. 

The opening of new b ranche s is high amongst the tyoup's 
priorffles and they are looking for a commerdaBy astute Company 
Secratary/Director with the experience and ska to identify and 
negotiate new sites to maximise the growth potential. 

Your brief also include the usual statutory and administrative 

responsfoifties and you w3 be actively involved fo developing 
more efficient systems. And as a member of the smal senior 
management te a m you vwH have a mple opportunity to contribute 
to the group's development and prosperity. 


to £20,000 + car 

de mo nstrable skiBs m property negotiation and office 

An attractive remuneration package indudng relocation 
assistances offered and there are excellent prospects for 
someone with tiive, initiative and ambition. 

Please send concise deteBs, ind u cting current salary and 
daytime telephone number, quoting reference M2044, to WS 
GB&and, Executive Selection Division. 

Grant Thornton 

Management Consultants 

Fairfax House, Fulwood Place, London WC1V 6DW. 







Come and discuss the 
widest range of opportunities at 
the JOB Spot Open Day 

Industrial Rubber Products 

OurcBe iit Is the I nte l nati onal naritet leader tn terms of advanced material 
technology, with an im pressive record ct sustained growth in bodi Sales and 
profit ana is seeking a manager for their UK dhrhkm. 

You mart po e t ess ! The rewards are: 

•Proven personal success at aD *A co m pr ehensive pac ka ge t y pif y ing 

levels in management. a p rogre ml ve European oiyn isrti on. 

*A team oriented st^e of management *Broadenfng of management drills and 

•Entrepreneurial leadership. a deepening of experience. 

•Experience of coitfroliing a number *Total responsibility for Divisional 

of depots nationally. development. 

Those interested in developing their careers should write enclosing foD 
personal and career details, indudinq contact telephone number to: 

Suzanne Roberts (rot V999U 

Resource Ma xim is a t io n I nten ti onal. *&> 

Executive Search & Selection, [^1 

Stancrest House, 16 Hill Avenue. Amersham. Bocks. LMmj 


(next door to Charing Cross British Rail) 




or telephone 

01-5676501 (Business Hours) 

The London Federation of Boys’ 
Clubs which celebrates its 
centenary in 1987, wants to 
appoint a senior person with ex- 

committedto helping boys to help 
themselves: A willingness to work 

penence in financial manage- 
ment and administration. The 

01 -998 7766 (Eves & W/Ends). . */„«/ 1 

Kf 1 * 

alternatively write to JOB Spot u 

Bitton House. 54-58 Uxbridge Road. London. W5 2ST 

ment and administration. The 
successful candidate would have 
3/4 years post qualification ex- 
perience, who is looking for a 
really worthwhile and personally 
rewarding occupation. He or she 
would be joining a lively team 

themselves! A willingness to work 
some unsocial hours is desirable. 
Salary £14,000-£1 8,000 and 
benefits package to be 

Write new in confidence, for 
details of this challenging 
opportunity to: R E Edwards, 
General Secretary, L.F.B.G, 121, 
Kennmgton Park Road, London, 
SEil 4JN 

Factory Manager 

Meat Industry 

Package c£2i,ooo + Car 

Attractive Location 

This is a very rare opportunity to join one of Europe's roost dynamic 
and progressive meat processing companies. They have, hi die past 
decade, taken the traditional meat market and with a vast investment 
programme in new factory technology, developed into one of Europe's 
most advanced food manufacturing companies. 

This appointment is as pan of the company 's senior management 
team, with complete responsibility for the management of a modem 
meat manufacturing factory employing approximately 750 people. 
Emphasis is on building a strong team leadership style, where the 
management team has a commitment to excellence in every aspect of 
factory management. 

Applications are invited from candidates aged 30-45, preferably with 
a food science or similar qualification. You wifi currently nave at least 
three years senior management experience, managing a factory in the 
frozen or flesh meat indusny or a closely associated market. You must 
he able to demonstrate a personable strong management style with an 
ability to get things (fane through leadership and commitment. 

The future prospects and compensation package are excellent and 
include profit share scheme, BUPA. Pension, Life Assurance and 2 litre 
company car. Relocation assistance will be given where appropriate to 
this very pleasant location. Interested candidates should write or 
phone, quoting ref. 6873, to Clive Paiacfae at the address below. 

Thames. Surrey KT1 1NP. 


We are a small family owned shop sailing 
quality household goods, china, glass, gifts 
and furniture. We are looking for people who 
enjoy selling and want to become a involved 
member of a selling team. Applicants should 
be hard working, flexible and able to deal 
confidently with the general public. Previous 
experience an advantage. Successful appli- 
cants will benefit from a friendly work 
environment, a generous staff discount and 
bonuses. Hours are 9-5.30 Mon-Fri and 9- 
2.00 every other Saturday morning. 

Please ring Sarah MacKay on; 
01-730 0411 


Required f*r mw 
CmbcHgs a Skfccare 
cmw apratlfiMt 
latfeaal IctbL Most ban 
cwoprtcr cxperiMct. 

&& stfxry + se*p* f» 
sumacs admeemot 

(0788)67711 day 

01-352 4892 


To join the newsroom teams, working primarily on ' - 
the preparation and production of the stations’ news 
output and current affairs programmes, including 
newsreading, interviewing and reporting. In addition. 


Radio Derby 
Radio Leeds 


in annoitecing duties. ~ ; r ; • 

journalistic experience at sub-editor erreporter 
level, good microphone voice and current cWvtog- " ; 
licence are essential. ■■ 


Radtoleeds (Ref. 2161 /T7 


We are an equal 
opportunities employer 

Salary range E9,916— £14,024 plus allowance 
of £971 P-a. (currentiy under, review). Relocation - 
expenses considered: 

Contact us immediately for application tonTi ■ - 
(quote appropriate ref. and enclose> 

BBC Appointments, London W1A1AA. 

TeL 01-927 5799. 


MRj TiA 

Apex Recruitment Services Ud 

52/548 Regent Street 
L eamin gton Spa 

25 Horsefah- 

Tel: Banbury 55225 

Teb L’Spa 24154 Tab Banbury 55225 



Private manufacturing company are 
seeking to recruit person experienced 

in maintaining statutory management 
accounts. Controllina budgetary and 

accounts. Controlling budgetary and 
cash flow planning and able to estab- 
lish a standard costing system. 
Industrial experience essential. Pos- 
sibility of Financial Director position. 

Contact Banbury Office. 


COVER U.K. c£15-16k PACKAGE 

Our clients, A Leamington based com- 
pany engaged in the sales and 
distribution of linear measuring equip- 
ment, seek an experienced "hands 
on*’ achiever to assist in an exciting 
period of expansion and who will ap- 
preciate the challenge, opportunities 
and extensive range of benefits asso- 
ciated with this appointment 
Increasing involvement in company 
policy leading eventually to 

Contact Leamington Office. 



:i0,500 + CAR 

c£10,500 + CAR 

Part of large profitable group, our cli- 
ents now seek to appoint an 
experienced sales engineer with soHd 
background in motor control centres, 
to cover the U.K. Preferably HND/HNC 
but experience and ability to make im- 
mediate impact is of prime importance. 

Contact Leamington Office. 


£17,421 - £19,164 per annum 

Torridge District Council, comprising the 
towns of Bldeford, Holesworthy ancfTor- 

rington with the large surrounding rural 
ana coastal area, is seeking an energetic 
on to head the combined functions 

person to head the combined funi 

* Planning and Development Control 

* Technical Services, embracing housing 
maintenance, architectural design wo m 

maintenance, architectural design wor 
and leisure facilities. 

Applicants must possess appropriate pro- 
fessional qualifications and have 

fessional qualifications and have 
management training and experience. 

Benefits include essential car user's al- 
lowance, telephone rental allowance, plus 
removals expenses, temporary housing 
and relocation allowance. 

Please write to or telephone 

The Personnel & Management Services Officer, 
Torridge District Council 

ridge District Coui 
Bridge Buildings, 


for further particulars and application 

Telephone: 02372 - 76711, Extension 236 
Closing date - 1st August 1986 








Accountancy Personnel, Britain’s leading 
consultancy in the specialist recruitment of 
Accountants and their staff; has a proven 
policy of continued expansion through the 
training and development of its Consultants, 
providing unrivalled career opportunities with 
widely varied and /3»»ngnging responsibilities. 
To join one of our successful professional 
teams, you should be 21-28, self-confident, 
educated to degree level, and preferably have 
an accountancy or commercial background. 

ON 01-834 0489 

6 Glen House, Stag Place 
London SW1E 5AA 


Salary £33,000 p.a. 

(Pay award penefing) 

The Oounca of Governors is seeking a suB^Wy 
qualified woman or man to take the challenging 
position of hearing the largest Uxfctan 
Polytechnic. A majority of South Bank’s flyOOQ. 
students are undertaking degree and higher 
level work. We employ some 2SS00 staff. • r * 

As Director, you wB detoDnsbS te ; the? 
abffiy to lead a major institution and toiespohd 

fri which the Polytechnic is attested. YouisaBjoin 
us with experience - coming ' from- ’ after 
Education, Public Service. Industry }, or. 
Commerce. • "V\ ■. "‘■■■Y-rt 

Assistance can be provided with re-tocaUon 
expenses. Further particulars aid 
a pplication details are available from 
Professo r W. G. Overend, Chairman of the 
Council, cte Hand of Pereonnef^South Bar* 
Polytechnic, Borough Road, London SCI 
QAA. We would also be pleased to receive , 
suggested names of possible In terested; 
applicants fro m third pa rttes. „ ; 

Closing date for appficafion: 22nd August 1966* 

An Equd.Opportutitias Employer. 

South Bank 

I Polytechnic 

Initmtmartot London 



up to £16,150 ■ 

As a major .force in Brflabis 
British Gas operates an extensive interna] . ‘ 
library system to keep management abreas t of 
all relevant industry developments- . . . . 

We are now seeking a librarian -who wifi he 
responsible for managing the staff and assetsof . 
the British Gas Corporation Headquarters 
Library and maintaining its services to our staff 
and other users. . 

Olh erp rime responsibilities will betiteiratiatrorr 
and implementation of policy on Headquarters . . 
Library information matters _ 

The successful applicantshDuid be a Chartered 
librarian with a degree qualification arid a- 
minimum of five years experience of managing * 

a Jibraryr they should also have knowledgeanff . , 
experience of. computerised information 
systems and an appreciation of the library and 
publishing trades. . . " ’ 

Sala ry wifi bean a range up to Ett.iSOandawfde 
range of benefits tadude relocation assistance- •. 
where appropriate 

Tb apply please write with fuO personal and t 
career details, quoting refe SEC/TH99/262, to •. 
senior Personnel Officer (HQ Services). British -. 
Gas, 59 Biyanston Street, London WTA2AZ j. 

An equal opportunities employer 

rates an extensive internal 
keep management abreastof 
itry developments. . . ' . . 

British Gas 









An opportunity exists in our 
partment for a young claims executive 1 
to specialise In personal injury claims, 
previous experience rn this field would 
be preferred but is riot essential, : : 

There are excellent career prospects 
for the successful candidate. Salary c* 
£12,500. + benefits. 

Please reply with C.V. to BOX F55. 



For worldwide Commonwealth membership'; 
organisatioft Marty faceted appdfetmerit frK 
vohring publicity, marketing, promotion, Unsl] 
arrangement of literary and social events snd» 
Editorship of the House JoumaL . _ ;J! 



f . 

' T s : 


in working with people from many countries^ 
Age 27 - 40. Salary cJEil.750. Please write- 
with C.V. to pfrector General (DPR), . • ' 

Over-Seas House, Park Place r 
St James’s Stceet» London SW1A 






‘ e«- 

*St J. -,y 

'c X ;'.. 
•■;■' -i - • 

5 . i>«* 

::: ? * £S 

•s*l-r .. I ■' 

*• *- 


-■? *Sl* 

■ - a • a 

: ' : :r -xysj* 
.— : 

-■ ■ 3ev-' !*»* 
'■ ^ 

. ir H* 


MSK'-VM r -“’ ,06a *«i 

•***« *£,** _ a 
s«- *' -.^-; 

*** r »w-i * 5 - saa ^ 


•; -v. 






ra «Wj* 



British Gas 



*,SP1 ?QR LEAO^ 
RE- — 



The National Trust 

or Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty 

Kedleston Hall Appeal 

£k 2EE£ L™ 1 requires 3 «*“*“ ■ » «■ App^l 

Tr^t d ZX^l?fi Z™ 1 p ^“ treasure hou«, the 
so mn-hin a 10 ra * se J^ le sum of £2 million and - aims ro do 
» wrfan a year, m Britain and & the USA. 

for this post, who will report to 


The post will be based in London, with a good deal of 
travelling within the UK and some travel to the USA. 
Fixed term contract for one year: £12,000 -£15,000. 
Please write enclosing CV to: 

Margaret Harris, Personnel Assistant 

t 5 i Jatl c^ 2™“* 36 Q“«» Anne's Gate 
London, SW1H 9AS 

Closing date- 31 July 1986 

Previous applicant- need not re-apply. 






„ Tlw tfpwnc toww 
9 cvnoam raquro a ewiys*- 
jS Ml mfeWtiBi Mth a tap 
nws iq rang* at m 
■Mm wt oKca main - 
■on. UMjav p>0Mn m 
record in FM.CiL.Mttntne 
Export Industry, and your 
■otojr » amaw M are- 
negoeaM at at law 
Prapmg Mana gMnont n- 
tonuttn tar 8» Oretiw 
and Bi4)*r«jrw fe 
company's day ® day Ann- 
dal raquraments art also® 
trt, part ot the aemsmfcw retail 
<%, wd a good lent ot education :-3 
arequMd. eg 

HywhMtte irwunjy ana W, 
con — bimw «o work « affi 
Busy Btport tratflnq onvrov {?. 
mem aJl P*TU KBS m IV & 
221 5871 | 

T fofbofxc -ftootz I 


tMd an Orfort Graftal* o* oaraw 
aumdud. nW 45 to pai tr* 

wavrtenoCK M ngn »«ne but- 
tMsers ana vendor. ana leaty *W> 
Vsm Bcc 11 1500 pus comnxs- 
sob astdb « erasi & fifiiOO 

m. pi) 821 0786 



r° fcspecis of conference organisation 

lor STS ihe conference organisation of the 
Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. 

Duties include budgeting, advertising, venue se- 
lection. catering . liaising with organising 
committees and speakers, documentation etc. 

The successful applicant will be a competent 
administrator with conference experience and 
an open, confident personality. Although sys- 
tems are computerised and there are support 
staff, the ability to type would be an advantage. 

SALARY c. £11,000 p.a. 

Please write or telephone for m appUcarton f orm to 
The ftrsorme! Of Beet Surveyors HoUm«s Unwed. 
12 Cnm Crorw Street fSWmnort Square. 

London SW1P3AD Telephone 01-222 7000 Em 212 





to establish:- 

1. Scandinavian and other export markets. Must 
have own existing customer contacts and 
proven track record of sales development. 
Must be experienced with Orosfield Studio 860 
System ana be familiar with current Scandina- 
vian technical specifications for printwork. 

2. Must have fluent written and spoken Swedish, 
knowledge of at least one other Scandinavian 
language an advantage. First class professional 
references essential. 

Salary <u£30,000 - preferred age range 55-50 

Please apply in writing with fall Curriculum Vitae 
to Box No 03 


Compuvoc Personnel Services are a 
highly respected and long established 
Computer Recruitment Consultancy. 

Due to our continued growth and 
success we are seeking two exceptional 
individuals to join us. 

The successful candidates will probably 
be of Graduate standard, have a true 
desire to succeed and a genuine interest in 
the computer industry. Personal qualities 
are more important than experience. They 
will find high standards of achievement, a 
demanding but informal environment and a 
rewarding career. 

For further details phone Martin Barry 
on 01-253 5042 or send a CV. for his 


121-125 aTY ROAD, LONDON EC) 
Telephone 01-253 5042 

Salary Package Range: 
£10,000 - £15,000 pa 

We are looking for a quick thinking, exceptional person to 
.work as a vital member of a successful, happy and 
[tightly-knit team. Full training and support will be given 
but you must be essentially a self-starter. 

You should be a good fudge of people have the confi- 
dence to project your personality in a marketing role and 
be a competent administrator, 
i You will need the mental agility to cope with a wide 
variety of tasks, and will have the opportunity to become 
really involved at a senior level as tne company grows. 
Applications are invited from candidates age 21-30 with 
at least 2 'A' levels, who have previously held both a 
secretarial and an executive job. 

.Please apply with full Curriculum Vitae and 3 intact 
telephone before July 3 tst to Box No. B66. C/D The 
Times, PO Box 484, Virgima Street. London El. 




specialist employment agency, part of a 
leading recruitment group, dealing 
sympathetically with the varied work 
needs of the early retired; locating 
appropriate posts in liaison with a wide 
range of employers. We now need an 
additional consultant, who should have 
a commercial background, good com- 
munication skills, and above all enjoy 
helping older people. 

Please contact Richard Wallace, 
Career Care Group Ltd, 

6 Glen House, Stag Place, 
SW1 5AA 

Tel No: 01-834 0489 


join our successful W1 office. We specialise in 
secretarial recruitment and wish to recruit an 
experienced consultant You will be very results 
orientated, possess a good memory and lots of energy 
in order toMpoue many applicants and clients and 
maintain our superb repiiation in the Industry. 

Mease caB Bella Cfyae la arraags a Beetles, 
either at the office or In the evening, ea 
B 1-373 3437 . 



Applications are invited for this newty-estab- 
(ished post from persons wrtfi relevant 
experience. The person appointed will play a 
central rote in the provision of courses) and in 
establishing and fostering links with industry 
and government in collaboration with the Di- 
rector of Research Exploitation and 
Technology Transfer, foe Finance 
Department's Research Administration Office, 
foe University’s company “Vuman Limited", 
the University's Centre for Urban and Regional 
Industrial Development and the University 
Communications Office. Candidates should 
have a firm grasp of the way research is carried 
out in universities and a good range of contacts 
in at least one sector of industrial activity. Sal- 
ary negotiable around £19,000 per annum. 
Superannuation. Application forms and further 
particulars from the Registrar, The University, 
Manchester Ml 3 9PL. Closing date for receipt 
of applications October 1st, 1986. Quote Ref. 
178/86 fT. 


from .theop^Mnoftte CJF 
UK Applications CAP awl 
academic record, a ^ pobu- 

^ ZZ <B>» 

«■£*. swi 


Required Urologist 
preferably retired for 
Pakistan for a five 

year contract Write 

with Bio-data, terms 
and conditions. 

Mr Sadiq 
57 South Lodge 
Circus Road 
St Johns Wood 



SSsl? 3 

maSafle S3te9 vacancy 

01-740 4567 

Are you earning £20,000 — £100,000 p.a. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught's discreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

Tfatonhone: 01-734 3879 (24 hours! ■- 


32 Savfle Row London. W1 
■The Executive Job Search Professionals^ 

general manager 

Uranarket Security Guarding Company seeks 
General Manager to head young professional 
team Experience in management of Banking 
and West Bid security guarding essential. 

-me successful candidate should be aged mid 
to late thirties. AH replies in strictest confi- 
dence. impeccable references essential. 

Please Reply to BOX F71. 



Findlay Publications, a highly successful publisher of 
engineering and medical journals, has a senior vacancy for a 
young (28-35) qualified accountant who has the drive and 
talent to become the company’s financial director. 

Formal qualifications required include comprehensive 
accounting experience in a commercial background, 
familiarity with computer systems and a working 
knowledge of company taxation. 

As important, however, are less tangible qualities. The 
successful candidate will be bright, personable and 
ambitious with a genuine interest in the commercial 
aspects of pub li s hing . He or she wiU work alongside a highly 
professional, often hard-pressed team, with a 
down-to-earth, no-nonsense approach to problem-solving. 

The new appointment will involve responsibility for the 
company’s fully computerised accounting functions, the 
review and implementation of procedures, including the 
flow of management information. The successful candidate 
will also become fully conversant with the detail of the 
publishing business and will take charge of several 
administrative functions, reporting to the General 
Manager, inclu di n g ad-hoc project evaluation, the 
company pension scheme and other broad ranging 
corporate activities. 

Findlay Publications is a privately owned company with 
no outside shareholders and a staff of 125 who work in a 
splendidly converted Elizabethan Manor House set in its 
own grounds in North Kent. 

The salary is open to negotiation, but we are thinking in 
terms of £15,000 to £20,000, plus a company car, with a 
prospect of profit-related bonuses for the right person 
committed to a long-term stay where the prospects are 

If you see yourself as a budding financial 
director, please write to William AHingham, 

General Manager, Findlay Publications Ltd, 

Franks Hall, Horton Kirby, Kent DA4 9LL. 



A major national charitable Foundation working in the field of 
residential and community care for physically and mentally 
handicapped people seeks candidates for this challenging and possibly 
unique post 

Applicants must have wide experience in the senior management of 
the personal social services: familiarity with health and social policy in 
both the statutory and voluntary sectors; and a commitment to and 
experience of working with handicapped people. As the Foundation is 
continually exploring freshinitiatives. applicants must offer vision, 
enthusiasm and drive, together with outstanding persona) gifts of 
persuasion and diplomacy. The successful candidate will be expected to 
perceive, implement and develop new approaches and cn-ord inale 
responses within emerging policies. He/she must also have a strong 
commitment to the continuing role of voluntary organisations. 

The post-holder is not only deputy to the director, but also has 
specific responsibility for the oversight and development of policies of 
care throughout the Foundation s Homes and Services in the United 
Kingdom. Extensive travel is involved. 

Salary negotiable around £22,000. plus car and pension. 

Candidates in their forties will be at an advantage. 

Write as soon as possible in confidence with full CV to: Alan Finch. 
Charity Appointments, 3 Spital Yard, Bishopsgate. London El 6AQ. 




Varied and Interesting Projects 

Leading Professional Firm in the City of 
London seeks an efficient and energetic person, 
aged 30 to 40, to organise the Firm’s external 
relations, including its social functions and 
publications, under the general supervision of 
the Communications Partner: Experience in 
public relations, publishing or both desirable. 
Flexible working week of not less than 30 
hours. Attractive salary 

Please write in confidence enclosing a full 
curriculum vitae to: 

Box No. 396 

Streets Financial Advertising limited 
18 Red Lion Court 
London EC4A3HT 


Scripture Union, an inter-denominational Missionary Society, 
requires a Financial Director/ Administrative Secretary to oversee 
all aspects of Mission and Business Finance and Administration, Its 
activities include publishing and a chain of 17 bookshops. 

Reporting to the General Director, and working closely with Heads 
of Departments, the successful candidate will be responsible for the 
setting up and monitoring of all operating budgets, and for the 
control of «wh and other resources throughout the Movement. 
Other TBj y pngifrjlifci p ft will include the oversight and further 
development of computer technology, the care of equipment, cars & 
properties, and personnel administration. 

The person appointed will be a qualified accountant with some 
computer experience, in full sympathy with the aims of the 
Movement, able to bring considerable energy with business and 
professional experience to this very challenging appointment, and 
oecome part of a management team. The post will be London based, 
with a realistic salary subject to negotiation. 

For further information and an application form telephone 
or write to: Colin Harland, Scripture Union, 130 City Road, 
London EC1V 2NJ (Tel no. 01-250 1966). 



has the following vacancies 


Post Diploma Architectural Students Salary. £11,056 

Architect with at least two years’ experience Salary: £13,151 

Architects with at least five years’ experience Salary: £15,294 

The posts available in London are in ihe Architectural Sendees 
Section, Chief Office. This small team is actively involved in a research 
and development programme -contributing to the formulation of 
progressive design policies and standards. The section utilises an 
Intergraph CADD system and awareness of this technology would be 
considered an advantage. 


Post Diploma Architectural Student 
Architect with at least two years* experience 

Salary: £9,211 
Salary: £1^306 


Archirect with ar least rwo years’ experience Salary: £11,604 

The posts available in Twyford and Bristol are in Regional 
Offices. The work does, of necessity cover a very wide field and 
applicants should have a keen sense of design with a thorough under- 
standing of economic planning and use of materials. Contract 
administration coupled with the ability to exert effective office and 
site supervision will be an essential part of employment for the more 
senior posts. 

Salaries quoted are subject to annual review and where 
applicable include Large Town Allowance. 

Additionally an annual bonus is payable and there is a wide 
range of benefits including a non-contributorv pension scheme, profit 
sharing and special bouse purchase scheme after a qualifying period. 

Please apply in writing giving a full CV to: 

PW Cooper 

Head of Personnel and Administration 
Barclays Bank PLC 
Property Services Department 
Britannia House 
16/17 Old Bailey 
London, EC4M7DN 



CITY C £13, 000 + BONUS 

This expanding subsidiary of a public company provides 
serviced office facilities to external organisations. Its clients require 
pleasant office accommodation . at short notice, and back-up facilities 
such as reception , telephone and secretarial services. 

The job carries responsibility for foe management of 70 office 
suites. Your role is to optimise the occupancy rate by presenting the 
business positively to new clients and ensuring existing customers 
enjoy services to the highest standard. 

Aged 25 to 35, and educated to at least 'A' level standard, you 
should have knowledge of office services and administration 
experience, tdeallyryou should have managed a small team and be 
familiar with the demands of a service business. You will need 
excellent communication skills and the initiative, energy and 
commitment which are prerequisite in this environment 

>n To find out more, telephone or write, quoting L.143, with full cv to Heather Male. 

Slade Consulting Group (UK) Limited, 

58 St James’s Street, London SWI A 1LD. 

Tel: (01) 629 8070. 


Graduate Required 

Sifam, a well-established company now entering new high 
technology fiefcte, is offering an opportunity for a young, 
outgoing physics graduate to assist in bringing the results 
of a successful fibre optics development programme to 
the market. 

The successful candidate will join the R&D team, but 
tiie work will entail a dose liaison with marketing and sales 
and indude customer visits. 

The person sought will have a good honours degree 
probably in physics, and is likely to have had some 
industrial experience. 

This appointment is funded via the SERC/DT! 
Teaching Company Scheme. 

Applications including C.V. and the names and 
addresses of two referees to: 

Maurice Ball, M.B.E. 
Research and 
Development Manager 
Sifam Limited 
Woodland Road 
Torquay, TQ27AY 




Applications are invited for this newly estab- 
lished fellowship from persons who have a 
record of successful industrial or commercial experience 
at middle or senior management level in a major com- 
pany. Applicants should P 9 sse$s energy, imagination 
and lively communication skills and should be interested 
in the promotion of the cause of industry to pupils aged 
13 to 18 in a large boarding school. 

The Fellow will be expected to initiate courses designed 
to stimulate an awareness of industry, to advise the 
School on the planning and activities of a proposed In- 
dustrial Centre and to develop links with local employers 
and institutions of Higher Education. 

The appointment is tenable for a period of between six 
months and two years, preferably from January 1987, 
with the possibility of renewal. Salary and/or 
secondment arrangements are negotiable. Further par- 
ticulars may be obtained from the Headmaster 
Uppingham School, Rutland, LE15 9QE. The closing date 
for applications is 30th September 1986. 

London - Metooume ■ Sydney • Bnsfcane ■ Adelaide • Penh ■ Auckland - Chnsvduvch 





Sales Executives 

£36,000 p.a. o.t.e 

London, Birmingham and Bristol 

lefrralky^fbrcQ^dala comm lions, currently 

expanding its already substantia] UK sales force. Thera are openings 
rightnow for experienced peapte in Birmingham, Bristol and the 
City of London. 

The environment of data eomms sales is a very lough one , for 
hardworking professionals only. Rewards, both in material terms and in 
job satisfaction, are high in Ene with job demands. Particular attention is 
paid friths company to career development, consequently staff 
turnover among sales people is very low. 

Ideally applicants should possess an impeccable track record h 
ajmf^er, eomms or peripherals systems sates. However the company 
is offering one or two trainee positions for intSviduals with real sates 
latent who have outstaming sales achievement in less obviously related 

The benefits package is industry competitive but the car 5st is 
espedaBy enticing. 

Please send kia written C.V. or telephone for further Womatron 
and an application form. 

Been Murphy 


65 High Street Bushey 
Watford WD21BL 
Tel: 01-950 0798 

Circa £11,500 

Applications are invited from persons aged 30 or over 
for a new post in a busy administration department 
Applicants should have previous experience of the I 
management of property, particularly in the area of I 
building maintenance. 

The successful applicant will be part of an established 
team and enthusiasm and flexibility are essential. The 
ability to monitor the progress of work and provide 
clear reports will be an advantage. 

Contributory Pension Scheme 
4 weeks holiday 
Luncheon Vouchers 

Season Ticket Loan 

Full applications in writing and C.V.should be made to: 

Mrs Rosemary Andrews 
Medical Defence Union 
3 Devonshire Place 
London WIN 2EA 

Closing date: 1 August 1986 

Support Engineers 

Shell International has an extensive Private International Tele- 
communications Network and has vacancies for qualified and 
experienced engineers working on the implementation and 
maintenance of the facilities for data communications, message and 
voice-switching network systems. 

rnwimmiiHu tkinnlTu uli ii »n IT 

Must have at least 4-5 years practical experience on a major 
commercial telecommunication network, using advanced tefe- 
communications and hold at least an PNC in electronics engineering 
or final City & Guilds. 

ConimmilcatinmBngiiaswir lli 

Must have experience in the maintenance of telecommunication or 
computing equipment and have a minimum qualification of ONC or 
intermediate City & Guilds in a relevant subject. 

Candidates should have an analytical approach to complex fault 
finding and good communication skills. - - 

Starting salaries will be based on qualifications and experience and 
will be in the range of £11,800 pa. to £15,900 p.a. (including London 

Shell Caitre is very dose to Watoloo Station and benefits include 
tee lunches, 5 weeks annual leave, contributory pension scheme and 
extensive sports and social fecilities on the premises. 

Please telephone 01-934 2829/2185 or write for an application form 
to Ref. 0DLP/131, Shell Centre. London SE 1 7NA. 

Application forms must be received by Monday, 28th July, 1986. 



£1,000 per month + comm 

Exciting opportunity in the marketing arena for intelligent, articulate, well 
groomed persons. 

International company with a highly aedaimed concept is expanding into 
the S. London postal district, Kent and Surrey. 

Package of commissions will reach £25-£35,000 p.a. including car 

Comprehensive training methods ensure early success; excellent prospects 
of promotion as the company goes national in 1987. 

International transfer opportunities available after qualifying period. 

For early interview 

Teh 01 464 5544. (10 lines) niter 9 am. 


City £18,000 + car + mort 

Our client, a MAJOR US BANK, is seeking a NEWLY 
QUALIFIED accountant to join its expanding bumness 
information division. Key areas of responsibility will include: 

• Co-ordinating business plans 

• Developing accounting and marketing policy Sir new products 

• Liaising with business managers 

Success will ensure promotion to Business Information Manager 
within 12 months. Strong communicators with an innovative 
approach and drive to reach senior executive level within the 
rapidly changing finance sect or shou ld apply. For further 
information cdl CAROLINE GRIFFITHS quoting Re£ 2254. 

Tet 01-242 6321 

PeMmuiwI 75 Inn Road Lmdnn WClXflllS 


! - - 


The college proposes to appoint a Domestic Bursar, with general 
responsibility for the domestic administration of the college, to 
take up the position in October 1986 or as soon as possible 
thereafter. The post carries with it eligibility for an Official 

Applications should be addressed to the Estates Bursar (from 
whom further particulars may be obtained) before 1 August 

Senior Sales 

Total remuneration package 
negotiable around £ 16 - 21 k 

We are a well established training consultancy 
with unique products, an unusual philosophy 
and blue chip clients. Through continued' 
growth we seek a professional sales consultant, 
male or female to join a small well integrated 
team who are enthusiastic and fun to work 
with. Major company safes experience and 
first class all round communication skills are 
essential. Additionally, experience in 
Training/Development anti - Marketing would 
be a benefit. Preferred age range 28-35. This 
position offers genuine opportunities for per- 
sonal growth and job satisfaction to those 
seeking a stimulating and rewarding position 
in a highly successful but unusual small 

Write to Ian Harrison, 

Sentry House, Frimley Road, 

Camberley GUI 52 2QN, Surrey 
Telephone 0276 66446 

c £12000 

International Professional firm seeks a high calibre and 
well experienced Mailman Supervisor. 30s * 40s, who is 
able to show a proven and relevant track record success- 
fully running a kaigc department Experience of up 4 o-date 
technology vital along with prominent management skills 
especially in the areas of communicating with and moti- 
vation of manpower. 

Call Plat Middleton on 588 5081. 





Large but friendly City firm of solicitors require 
qualified librarian with a minimum of two years’ ex- 
perience, preferably with a professional firm. 

Responsibilities will include general library dories. 

information retrieval (training will be provided with 
the Is tier). Ability to get on with others and work 
independently is essential. 

Salary 1-5O0 plus the usual benefits offered by a 
large professional fum. 

Please write with CV to Box No. CI7. 


We are a wholly owned sabsidary of Ma- 
nuel Canovas S A France, and import and 
distribute the fine quality furnishing fabric 
design by MANUEL CANOVAS. 

You will be expected to develop business 
relationships with existing clients as well 
as identify market sectors and potential 

Ideally you should have at least 2 years 
experience in the sale of soft furnishing 
fabrics or allied field and have established 
a proven record of success. 

Write, giving details of why you think you 
will be right for the position to 
Jane Bayldon 
Manuel Canovas Ltd 
37 - 39 Cheval Place 
London SW7 1EW 



Chambers £ Partners are a leading con- 
sultancy specialising in the recruitment of 
lawyers. We are expanding our offices in 
the City and are seeking a Consultant aged 
20 - 28 yean with experience in a prof- 

Pleasc send C.Vj to 
Michael Chambers 

74 Long Lane, London ECl Tel: 01-606 9371 




...starts here • with high earnings - 
£12,000+ for an on target performance in your 
first year -a regulated earnings scheme of £7,000 
negotiable - excellent training - early manage- 
ment opportunities - the backing of a £4 billion 
international financial services group. 

If you're ambitious, well-spoken, and aged 22 and 

ov* Phone - 01-222 1411 



to establish:- 

1) Scandinavian and other export markets. Must 
have own existing customer contacts and proven : 

track record of sales development Must be 
experienced with Crosfield Studio 860 System and 
be familiar with current Scandinavian technical 
specifications for printwork. 

2) Must have fluent written and spoken Swedish, 
knowledge of at least one other Scandinavian 
language an advantage. First class professional 

references essential. 

Salary a£30,000 - Preferred age range 30-50 

Please apply in writing with fall Curriculum Vitae 
to Box No C13 


We require an experienced Appficatiort Engineer In marks! our 
product tram cur Richmond Office covering Europe. Africa aid 
the Middle East areas. 

Our product is an etectrtcal submersUa pump used mainly tor 
od prodUXwn. 

The position may involve an initial training period In me USA. 
and frequent travel to the above mentioned areas. 
Candidates should have a degree or equivalent In Bectrfeal, 
Mechanical or Petroleum Engneertng and hew several years 
experience in oil production. 

Languages would also be an advantage, particularly Ranch 
and/or Arabic. 

Salary is negotiable. wMi usual benefits package. 

Please reply In writing with cuMcfum vitas tee 

Mike Holland, TRW REDA Rump Limited, 
34 The Quadrant, Richmond, Surrey. 


We are a firm of talent agents based it London and hwe a vacancy tor a 
Tectncai Assstwt to deal with p aw acpficatons (or electronic and 
general medamc inventions. Twmg wfl oe gwan for Qualification as a 
patent agent and European Patent Attorney 

Camhdaies staid have a recent honours dec m « CflQOBnngi or pfiyse. 
famkarty «nh electronics and a fluent command d the Enghsh language 
Sarong data October 1386. satiny negotiate 

Reply to BOX F57, Mr. TJ. Williams. 

Accounts Executive 20-24 c. £15,000 in* 
M/F Bonuses 

Associated P r om ot ions, ora of the country's leading 
emit management and sponsorship consritanaes are 
looking fora dynamlcyoung entrepranneur to Join their 
events team. 

Thesuccessful applicant will be involved in all aspects of 
Sports management sales and administration. 
Please send C.V.«r 

j^Shatiesb^ Avenue, London. W.&2 

A Unique Opportunity 

c\na for rain people to work on a consultancy basis for one 
of Marttfla'i leading hotels. Our targrf is to increase our 
group, meeting and iitcmnc business from major European 
countries, and «v arc looking for sales people who are actively 
intohcd in idling mthm these specific market segments, 
farther / sfr m siw firm: 

PUBLICITAS SA Apaifede 6080 REF. 213 


Business Development Manager 

European responsibility 

Home counties 

Unique opportunity to join a World Leader 
and develop the European Market 

Our ctient a renowned irtemafanal e 
forefront of fibre optics teclywlogy. w» a 

ManEgarlorBurDpeas partof its orvggmg expansion plans. 

The responsWity cows afl aspects of developing the 
business with Europe, inducing sates and customer 

• i 1- ** — /vf rarviudoi Ma nmer 

nrarkets. identification of new business opportunities, 
monitoring of competitive activities and assisting ii 
developing and implementing product and territorial 

V 1 -* m 

capable of waking alone, and haw good 
interpersonal skids. > 

be fluent in a second European language, pro 
French. You wBI have the opportunity to travel fra 
and widely throughout Europe aid occasionaly to I 
aid the MWdte East 

On ctent is prepared to increase your 


relocation package. __ i- ! V 

Excellent opportunity tor future promctoi » ws. wet 

Appaeantrn,maasm tnls p hnm 
AdMmCokteronOI-631 3780 
or write quoting ref. TJ443 

IPG Technical Recruitment Ltd. 

Julco House. 2S-28 Gr. Portland St, London W1 N SAD. Tel: 01-631 3780 (24 hre) 

P r ofe s s io nals in Selection & Search 


We are a leading weekly Arab language magazine 
published from London, and looking to rocnitt a 
person of Sudanese nattonafcy to fin the position of 
Editor for Sudanese Affairs. 

The applicant should have had considerable 
experience in a governmental type background in 
either the CivB or Diplomatic Service in an appropriate 

Prerequisites are an excellent command of both 
written and spoken Arabic as wefl as a working 
knowledge of English, an understanding of French & 
German would be a considerable advantage, 
preferred age range 45-55. 

The position offered Is a senior editorial one, and this 
wfll be reflected in the terms and conditions of 

reply in the first instance to The General 

Manager, Box No. B4& 

Due to expansion, I am look- 
ing for 2 vwy amWxifo 
people. They must tie aged 
25 - 35 to work within lead- 
ing West End Brokerage. 
Earring above average in- 
come while training, rising 
steeply. CaU Anthony Smith 
on 01-481 3816. 


Person with postore professions^ 
mmoxh rwMred lot busy and 


Strategic Planning 

An exciting business analysis opportunity 
for a recently qualified MBA 

We are looking for high achievers. 

Astute business professionals who will 
play a key role in one of the conn tty’s leading 

High Street businesses. 

For the moment their name remains 
confidential. What we will say, is that they’re 
an organisation which recognises success 
through the quality and performance of their 
people - and rewards accordingly. 

Every year they recruit a number of high- 
calibre MBA's, each with enormous career 
potential, to become their future General 

Now they are looking for such a person to 
join one of their businesses in London, to fill 
a multidisciplinary rote, covering all aspects 
of business and financial development 

At first you'll work specifically in strategic 
planning. Its a time when you can get to 
know the company, it’s style, interests and 

After that you'll move to one of their 
subsidiary businesses, before eventually' 
filling a marketing or general management 
role, somewhere m the UK. 

In career terms there can be few more 
educating, interesting and exciting ways of 
following the development curve. 

Not only will you be joininga 1 
diversified organisation during a major 
period of expansion, you will be positively 

encouraged to make a major contribution 
towards its continued success. 

Such input can of course only come from 
several years business experience, gained 
either in a consultancy or commercial 
organisation. This needs to be supported by a 
good Honours degree and an MBA. 

As for personal qualities, you'll need to be 
a strategic tactician and communicator, an 
innovator and instigator. 

Our client expects a lot, but the rewards 
are high. A challenging and rewarding career 
with a starting salary in the Taneefl 7 - £19k. 
benefits including a non -contributory 
pension, BUPA, and genuine prospects for 
rapid career advancement 

Austin Knighthave been retained to advise 

on this appointment Please telephone our 
Consultant, Terry Kennedy on 0784 37096 or 
078433396 (evening^/weekends). 
Alternatively, send him your CV, quoting; . 
Ref TK 301, to Austin Krjight Selection, - 
K^Uw^yHou^BandLane, EGHAM, - 




National Girobank seeks lo appoint an experienced and successful 

marketing specialist to this crucial senior management position. 

The Director of Personal Banking reports to the Managing Director. He or 
she will lead the development of financial products and servibes for the 
private customers of the Bank and. working through Its regional network, 
oversee their introduction and implementation. ‘ 

Candidates will be between 35 and 40. They should have: - - 

• A record of achievement in consumer marketing 

• Experience of marketing financial services and/or banking products 

• The ability to work successfully with andthrough others ■ ' 

The importance of the position will be reflected in a fully competitive, 
level of remuneration. ; 

Applications, together with a corncnlnm vitae, shock) Ire sent to 
Malcolm Williamson. Managing Director, National Girobank, 10 Mflk Street, *’ 

London EC2V9JH. ". „ ; .w,.;. 





.> ^v':n,w 

Never accept packages from 
a strange company 

When a weiJ-known British Diavwnehi v . . 

i® 6 ?!?.* 6 of Ihe neuron! Individuals should have 

*« being .. . 

h,. T 

*"■ ‘Cv. . ' 


8n °*ER 

Sft&nS.SJ|ft ( Sl , u ,S - atleast some idea how 
i the figures in a salary 

Package are arrived at. 

<SF Inis son in order to reduce their r> jr *-\ • , , 

obligations on the resultvrelaied salary wHlfrey GolZen looks at 
Racfcages that are now becoming increas- — T : — — 

uitKi O j ® + L»_ 3 . r. 11 

•"■ i. 

’ 1 ' -•! 

: . * " r>_ 



l 'j^IA 

f *=«fct 
; ‘ffl-ta* 

i *=*?»%. 

x, : i 

■ • ~ 

r - ^ 

BBiy common. But it does illustrate the 
gpint that individuals need to have some 
Kfea of how the figures are arrived at 
Wore accepting packages of this kind. 
>.Tnere_ are further dangers when a 
Substantial part of remuneration is based 
on corporate profits, over which employ- 
ees below top levels will have very little 
control. Even when reward is based on 
individual performance the issue may 
not be entirely clear-cut. 

Peter Gardiner-Hill. of the career 
consultancy GHN, says: "ifs easy 
enough to set targets in sales or 
production, but how do you quantify 
performance in a purely adm/mszative 
5^ job- In his view employers need to 
master a whole range of new job- 
evaluation skills if they are to deal with 
these trends in remuneration. But he also 
thinks that they call for realistic seJf- 
appraisal by job applicants, or indeed 
incumbents, when they negotiate with an 
employer over money and benefits 

Beware of remuneration 
based on corporate profits 

, "You need a thorough understanding 
of the job, how performance in it can be 
measured and what quantifiable contri- 
bution you can make," he says. "Self- 
knowledge. both in the functional and 
the psychological sense — what you know 
you are capable of delivering — is the 
start of the negotiating process." 

, But how much scope is there for 
Ltegolialing one's remuneration, espe- 
cially when a salary is indicated in an 
advertisement? According to Nick 
Boulter, manager of Hay-MSL’s Reward 
Information Centre, the least leeway is in 
first jobs for graduates. Starting salaries 
at this level tend to be fixed, irrespective 
of the class of degree which was 
obtained. The variations which do occur 
are between industries and occupations. 
Accountancy is where the best money is 
for the newly qualified. 

-...Further up the career ladder, large 
organizations, while seeming at first 
sight to be fairly inflexible about reward 
structures, are often not as monolithic as 
one might think.' He says "Remunera- 
tion in big companies, and even in the 
voblic sector, is fixed in bands which 
Give to encompass a lot of very different 
jftbsand functions. Within one band 
ljiere . may have 1 to be quite wide 
variations in salary and benefits to 

the dangers and pitfalls 
to watch out for 
when negotiating your 
new salary requirement 

attract and hold the best candidates." 

It is this which, in the opinion of career 
consultants, creates opportunities for 
bargaining. They recommend that when 
a salary range is stated, it is generally 
worth aiming for the top figure because 
the employer or his intermediary will be 
empowered to pay up to that amount. 

Mr Gardiner-Hill points out “H puis 
you in line for promotion to the next 
level when your progress next comes up 
for review. And that can be a bigger jump 
in terms of salary and benefits than a 
move within your existing band.” 

It is also worth bearing in mind that if 
you find when you are installed that the 
demands of the job have been under- 
siimaied. it is then extremely difficult to 
renegotiate the salary, at least within the 
next 12 months. 

A further possible area in which to 
look for flexibility is in fringe benefits. 
Though they can account for as much as 
40 per cent of the value of a remunera- 
tion package, they are often left surpris- 
ingly vague in job advertisements. 

There is, for instance, room for 
manoeuvre within salary bands about 
the kind of car that goes with the job, but 
even if the niceties of the distinction 
between 1.6 and 1.8 litres leave you cold, 
there are usually other issues that ought 
to be discussed. 

An example is relocation cost because 
apart from the actual upheaval itself, a 
move from the North of England to the 
South-East will involve a big increase in 
mortgagHnierest payments. Some em- 
ployers either offer low-interest loans or 
subsidize the difference at least for a 
period of time, usually on an amount 
which is related to salary. Other items 
you may be able to bargain with are top- 
up arrangements on company pension 
and private medical schemes, club 
membership in jobs which involve a lot 
of entertaining and the increasingly 
fashionable share-option arrangements. 
These used to be reserved for senior 
executives, but' there is a strong trend to 
make them more widely available. 

The greatest scope for negotiation is 
found in small companies and in new 

appointments where there are no odious 
eomparisions or precedents. But even in 
big firms there can be room for 
discussion. Mr Boulter says: ‘it's diffi- 
cult to make special deals fbr individuals 
because of the issue of comparability, but 
if your skills really are scarce, an 
employer might stretch a point or two to 
gel you.” 

At the very top. however, the con- 
straints arc much fewer. Indeed he 
advises that those being lured from a 
senior job into a situation where they 
have to turn round a company or a 
division in trouble should take the risk 
factor into account. Certainly there 
should be a tangible recognition of 
performance in the shape of appropriate 
share options and performance-related 

But what about “telephone number" 
payments that are currently being offered 
in the City and in financially fashionable 
areas like PR. advertising and design? 
Boulter warns against drawing too many 
conclusions from these. In his opinion 
they are one-off inducements, often to 
get the right team in place for the coming 
of Big Bang. Once the dust settles, he 
believes that many of these packages will 
be rc-adjusted. In any case, he points out, 
they are only going to a minority of 
individuals in key jobs. "Most of the 
people in these firms arc on relatively 
ordinary salaries." 

On the other hand, they have had the 

Look for flexibility in 
company fringe benefits 

effect of loosening the concept of “going 
rales" related to specific grades or length 
of service. Indeed there is evidence of a 
trend towards salaries not to be stated in 
advertisements or for negotiation to be 
left to headhunters in charge with putting 
together wheatever package it takes, 
within reason, to attract the right 
candidate. This puts an extra burden on 
job-seekers to be skilled negotiators. The 
best course, in that case, is to study the 
appointments pages for the extensive 
guidance many advertisements give on 
what employers are prepared to pay for 
specific jobs. 

At what point, though, should the 
negotiating process begin? Most experts 
advise that candidates should leave it as 
late in the interviewing process as 
possible and to sidestep it if interviewers 
try to introduce it prematurely. The 
reason fbr that is that you are in a much 
stronger position if you have established 
yourself as the indispensable person for 
the job before negotiating the terms. 
Above all, you should avoid detailed 
discussions with intermediaries because 
they may well have been given con- 
straints which the employer himself is 
prepared to stretch - but which could 
rule you out if you make your move 
before you see the whites of bis eyes. 



to £23,000 London Based 

Girobank is a significant force in the corporate and 
personal banking sectors and is improving and 
extending the range of financial services available to 
its customers. We are now seeking to strengthen our 
Senior Corporate Sales team 'm London. 

As Senior Consultant you will play a key rote in the 

setting of Regional strategic plans. In this capacity 
you wflll be actively involved in the formulation and 
achievement of demanding wlume, growth and 
profitability targets across the many sectors of the 

Your main responsibilities rn this challenging position 
will be to identify and gain new profitable business 
and retain and expand existing business, and 
negotiate fees in all cases. By developing and 
maintaining relationships with both existing ana 
ootentia) customers you will be required to make 
tSrommendations via the Regional Manager for 
extensions and improvements to tire range or 
services which the Bank has to oner. 

This isa fast moving and competitive environment so 
financial sales experience, or related experience 

gained in the financial services sector, is essential. 

You must be able to demonstrate strong negotiating 
skills, and self-motivation to achieve results and have 
the confidence to represent the bank to customers at 
senior levels in both the private and pubfic sectors. 

An additional requirement therefore is the ability to 
prepare and make presentations to professional 

Benefits include 57 ? weeks holiday and a contributory 
index-linked pension scheme. Relocation assistance 
will be provided where necessary. 

Please reply in writing outlining career, salary 
progression and how your skills and experience 
match the requirements of the job to: Peter Farrer, 
Head of Management Development, Girobank pte, 
Bootle, Merseyside, GIR OAA. 



The Property Services Department of 
Barclays Bank PLC requires a qualified and 
experienced person to make a significant con- 
tribution to their Accounts Section, which is 
based m Central London. 

The position is challenging and would 
be particularly attractive to someone with 
proven ability in the enhancement of systems 
and procedures to meet changing require- 
ments. The major responsibilities will be 
reviewing and advising on Accounts Section 
Systems, assisting in the preparation of 
Financial Returns and naming of Accounts 
staff. Experience with computerised property 
records and accounts is desirable. 

Salary will commence at £15,722 pa 
plus large town allowance of £1845 and is 
subject to annual review. Additionally as 
3 htiii!i 1 bonus is payable and there is a wide 
range of benefits including non-contribu- 
tory pension scheme, profit sharing and 
special house purchase scheme after a quali- 
fying period. 

Please apply in writing giving full 
particulars to: 

P W Cooper Esq 

Head of Personnel and Adm ini s tra tion 
Barclays Bank PLC 

Property Services Department 
Britannia House 

16/17 Old Bailey, London EC4M 7DN 

Personal Financial Planning 

Bank of Scotland has a vacancy in London 
in its Personal Financial Services division 
and invites applications from suitably 
qualified persons (preferably A Gi.f. or 
A.T.I.I.). The position requires practical 
experience in the various aspects of 
personal financial planning and involves 
discussions with customers and branch 
staff in England. 

The preferred age group is 27/35. 

An attractive salary will be offered 
together with excellent fringe benefits 
which will indude preferential mortgage 
facilities and non- contributory pension. 

Applicanfs ore invited to submit 
applications accompanied by a detailed 
c,v., which should include the terms of their 
current remuneration package to:— 

R. A Macaulay Esq., Staff Controller, ; 
Bank of Scotland, 39 threadneedle Street, 
London EC2P2EH. 



c. £20,000 

presently expanding London operation is keen id com- 
plement iu Marketing tram with a high calibre 
candidate familiar with Corporate Credit Analysis and 
recent experience in Marketing. Loan Syndications. 
SWAPS and Asset Sales. 

to £18,000 

The fast moving commercially orientated division of A 
MAJOR FORCE IN UK BANKING seek a candidate 
with strong credit skills in the Domestic and interna- 
tional fields. Particular emphasis is in the Futures and 
Equities markets with a further range of services pro- 
viding an interesting and invigorating challenge. 

Telephone in confidence - Jonathan Head 
01-436 1551/2653 (24 hours) 

Du Icie Simpson 

Appointments Ltd : 


Publisher in North East Loudon seeks qualified 
senior accountant. Turnover in the region of 
Llm, friendly and efficient staff, computerised 
accounts on Wang 2200 system. We are looking 
for someone prepared to work up to four days a 
week, say 10am - 4pm, supervising accounts 
work -ana preparing monthly management ac- 
counts and monitoring forward financial 
planning in conjunction with executive directors. 

Reply to BOX B97. 

lfoy rapid personal development and 
particulady rewarding careen ■ 

Great Ormond Street Children’s Hospital 
Redevelopment Appeal 

Assistant Director - 
(Business Appeal) 

An Independent Thist has been set up to 
finance the urgent need for rebuilding the ward 
accommodation and redevelopment of the 
administration and research facilities. The Assistant 
Director will be responsible for devising, 
administering and implementing that part of the 
Appeal directed towards Commerce and Industry 
and to the City. 

The job requires imagination and flain tenacity 
and organising ability, drive and enthusiasm. Prior 
experience in appeal management would be a 
distinct advantage and the previous career could 
well include senior positions in Marketing or Public 
Relations. An outgoing personality and a sense of 
dedication will be essential. The salary will reflect 
the importance of the position. 

Those who wish to be considered, or who 
would like to nominate a candidate, should write 
giving particulars to the consultants assisting with 
this recruitment: 

Spencer Stuart 

Brook House. 113 Park Lane, London Wl 




FIN. CONTROLLER Service Pic s£20,000+CAR 

FIN. CONTROLLER Leisure Co. CE17.000 

TAX MANAGER Partnership prospects c£T7,000 

YOUNG FIN. ACCT. Marketing Co c£17JfflO 

NEWLY QUAL Marketing Co. c£17,000 

AIRLINE ACCTS (3) Well known Airlines.. e£16W 

CREDIT MANAGER Manufacturing Co...... c£15,QOO 

ACCT/0FFICE MGR Retail H. Office c£12,Q00 





( 0444 ) 417125 


. -A Commerci;:! Sajsre. ' 






U.S. trained, grad preferred, for major merchant and international 


FUND MANAGER £ Negotiable 

U.K. Merchant requires a high calibre grad with fluent French 
and thorough knowledge of U.K. Equity Markets. 

If you would welcome the chance of an informal and confidential 
discussion on these positions please call Sarah Davies or Luisa 

01-489 0889 

TEL£PHONE:01-589 0889 




Due to continued expansion this well known Inter- 
national American Bank have career opportunities 
for highly motivated professional Bankers to work 
in the Financial Markets Group, Energy or 
Commodities Divisions. 

Working for their European Head "Office, the success- 
ful candidate will be responsible for the develop- 
ment of existing business together with the research 
and marketing to potential clients with the emphasis 
on special financial packages. 

You should be a graduate banker in your mid to 
late 20s with a Credit training and have at least 
18 months marketing experience. 

For further details please contact Mike Blundell 
Jones on 01-236 1113. 

raraHBBRV Tel: 01-236 1113 


ACA or ACCA is required for prestigious, fast growing 
merchant bank. The Personnel Department, staffed by pro- 
fessionals, needs support from an accountant able to 
undertake audit responsibility for that area, produce rele- 
vant statistical information, further develop their 
computerised records system and be able to compose a 
procedure manual A high degree of literacy is essential as is 
the ability to communicate well at all levels. 

£ 20,000 + 

Excellent banking benefits including mortgage subsidy. 
This is a career opportunity open to male and female 

Please telephone Shelagh Araeil on 01-583-1661 or send 
c.v. in confidence to 









For Ihe best in temporary 
assignme nts, call - 


01-638 8171 

A tfintioit ii Hit! Pertmti 




With emphasis on management 
lot a small hosotbl management 
cansutarcY man. 3 oars a 
week nun. £10.000 + 

78 Busktagtam Gale. 
London SW1. 
ret 91-222 3234 


C. Undo* c£12JBO+Btt*. 

Due to internal promotion th*& 
major property investment 
company seeks an Assistant 
Accountant, BesponslWit»s 
include a wide range of finan- 
cial accounting such as 
pieponng quarterly and year 
and statutory accounts, an- 
alysing variances Irani the 
budget, mointamng comput- 
erised accounts- Supervising 
2 staff. Candidates must be 
studying towards ACCA/ACA 

qualifications. Contact 

Rons Daririsw 
fatal Half Persn aa ri. i 
Roataa House. Wood Sheet 
Lanka ECZY 58JL 



MUdX. CX124J08+ 

Day Hetease 

Involved m speoaVsed manne 
technology, this company has 
created a new position wtlwi 
ns finance team. Responsibil- 
ities include ambollmg the 
cash How and working capital, 
investment sppwsal and some 
operational review. Excellent 
study rock for ICMA PPtl/ 
ACCA L2 ammo to Qualify. 
Computer exsenence advanta- 
geous. Contact 

Ffana Davidson, 
Rabat Half Personnel, 
fatm House, Wood Street, 
Undos EOT 5M. 


Excellent admin Btrattva 
atxfctRK. Seasoned 




I am over 35 and quartet! as a 
sOkCiHH m 1072. 1 otter oner 10 
years tatensne Lmgrixm expeo- 
era x Parmer in busy North 
London practice and have 
eoreuKsahie adqnmsnann ex- 
perience i seek well-remunerated 
ctouqe at career opoomnty ii 
or oisside onvaa prance. I have 
an aversion to convmArig no 
Central London. 

II you can offer me a new chal- 
lenge pease wnte B me at 

Box No; B89. 

21 YEAR OLD miroien rum 
qiiaiitKtt wwnarv with Hire* 
[iw Mroenciu* vw» 

rantprtrflt fun tSilIrfml 

mDiuvnwnr «<■ vfimsi otter* 
coiiNik-rrU t*-ply W BOX C2S 
DRIVER Ri-auirc* ««*■ abroad. 
Driuny liKJrunor qualified 
iCari HGVi. SpceiaiKi In tens* 
loads, nw-rounlrv. aircraft A 
t naif cut work OZ12 694484 


mu In Hose. Sussex mulres 
cook and astfetani rook Must 
be fitted in Thar ru&ine Tet 
Dai n. Oi 643 7656 
07 Regent SireMXMldOfl Wl 
Jrt.„43R JS534 Elf Overseas. 

needed tor wnler 86 87 Ring 
bkiwhusr 01 370 0999 


BECW MONDAY! Rrnak mlo Mr. 
dia. Cumrni Atiuirs. Eaurauan. 
PulbKiung and Noiwonmer- 
' rial i»hm you tun Ihe won 
known iram at Cm ml Garden 
Bureau. I lO Fleet St EC4 363 

Bank. City c ud rate S hand 
and wP exp. Oi 404 4864 Car- 
reifHir Any 


Chanty Chanty « Dame Susan 
Mor den. Starkneath. London 
Borough of Greenwich. Greater 

The Chorny CommnRonen pro- 
pose io make a Sthtftir [or m*. 
cnano comes or (he dran 
yxtne may 0e obtained from 
IhfTii .nrt- 216S6I-A 13^1 *l$l 
A! nan * House. 57450 
Ha\ market. London, SW] YOOv 
* the Office at 
nwCtwh ro the Trustee*. Monten 
&^JWi®acWi«ah. London, sts 
OPW Oblection and suggestions 






-PRIVATE PATIENTS PLAN is one of the lareest and most progressive medical insurance companies in the U.K.. 

il. n._c „r nnnu e a r... 

Patting People First 

opportunity to play a major strategic role in its growth and profitability. by introducing the following new senior 
positions Into Its existing, highly dynamic, managerial team. 

General Manager - Corporate Insurance 

UptoSSOK \ Car, Substantial Benefits 

knowledge of selling and negotiating with national organisations is essential as are excellent managerial skills for the position 
responsibility for some 230 staff. The person appointed will operate from our prestigious offices in Ttinbridge Wfetls. Ref: i 8025. 


Circa S24K, Car, Substantial Benefits 

Responsibility will be for the development of the International Insurance function within the company and the jobholder must have the 
necessary skills and international experience to develop (on a cost effective basis) a strategic plan to market, sell and administer overseas 
products from the U-K. for both corporate and personal clients. Re/: 18026. 

Candidates for both jobs will ideally be educated to degree level and will preferably hold a qualification in Marketing. As these are senior 
positions with wide responsibilities circa 10 years experience in a senior management rale is required, ideally gained within the fi nancial sector. 
Benefits for both positions, which report to the Director (Operations), are excellent and include an executive car. subsidised mortgage, bonus, 
pension, relocation expenses and, of course, medical insurance. 

Male or female candidates should submit, in confidence, their CV or telephone for a Personal History Form to Me I. Duff, Hoggett Bowers pic. 
Recruitment Consultancy, 1/2 Hanover Street, LONDON, WlR 9WB. Tel: Ql-734 6852. 





In all sectors of the investment and securities industry, 
Morgan Stanley is a very powerful influence . . . 

With an established strength of 500 staff and 
plans to add a further hundred key talents before the end 
of *86, we can, quite genuinely, offer the excellent 
prospects that are missing from many careers. 

Our future Chief Accountant will play a decisive 
role in harvesting the information that will guide our 
growth. With the advent of new regulations, change is a 
very real challenge. We need someone who can rise to it. 
A mature minded professional with at least 3 years’ 
sound post-qualification experience. Someone who can 
impi^ at all levds and impose their wifl by first wirniing 

Mind you, if you possess these crucial qualities, 
you wlO receive all die backing of a fully committed 
management To us, information is a vital resource. 
While many companies pursue a policy of ‘least 
expenditure for survival,’ we prefer to invest for growth.’ 
That’s why, we have confidently pioneered new IT 
systems — like daily reporting and full audits of all 
trading activity. Few organisations have so marry facts at 
their fingertips. 

Your priority is to continue this trend. To travel 
to New York and Continental Europe to monitor all 
leading-edge developments, lb upgrade the systems that 
will underwrite our future. Tb provide die accounting 
and management reporting that is so essential in the 
radical new City environment And, in return, we 
promise to reward you with a top income package and 
the firm prospect of promotion to Chief Accountant after 
only six months. 

The question is, do you have the qualities and 
qualifications to climb so high? We’ll be waiting for your 
answer Please write in confidence to Lynn Hopping, 
Assistant Personnel Manager; Morgan Stanley 
International, PO Box 132, The Commercial Union 
Building, 1 Undershaft, LeadenhaU Street, London, 


City Careers in Underwriting 

via Law or Business Studies 

Age 25-30 £12,000-£ 20,000 

Our client is a small and dynamic division of a prestigious 
City firm of mutual insurance managers. It is involved in the 
insurance of world wide container/unit load operations. As 
part of planned growth it now seeks executives who would be 
interested in the challenges of a career in insurance. 
Candidates will be graduates in law and/or business studies. 
Commercial acumen, international perspectives, and sheer 
energy are essential, as is an appetite for hard, satisfying 
work among a team committed towards even further growth 
in a company which is already a world leader in its field. 
Fluency in a European language would be very handy. 

Please apply in writing, quoting reference 2147, to Mrs. Indira 
Brown, Corporate Resourcing Group, 6 Westminster Palace 
Gardens, Artillery Row, London, SW1P 1RL giving details of 
your career and ambitions, or telephone 01-222 5555 for an 
application form. A daytime telephone number will allow us 
to contact you immediately (and discreetly of course). 

Corporate Resourcing Group 

Management Consultants ■ Executive Search 

Part of Berndtson International 



SHOP MAN AMR nmw tor 
Dull A Trollrr'i. ihw dtfiralK 
m*ii in Cotpffl Garden Please 
Him Kristin Moms on 01 02 ? 


SECRET AMES for Architects & 
DnniimK Phumupmi ■& icmpo 
wn Dcniimm A MSA Specialist 
R« .Com Ot 734 PW3 

racsnoMUS wm f»««oh 

iwm nw-di lop we to work for 
Chairman Solid »WIU at 
100 60 AfK 30-30 rCiaoOO 
Link APOLS 846 9743 
Air.un. ConMilbuil ExP or 
Grad ECJ C9.000 ' w« 
toaodbouw Bn-Com 01404 

FASHION CO art 90 50 Op*r* 
Hnir mi awnrt Immot? earner 
prowri* rCBOOO* shtEi Call 
ISriaUa TED Ao> 01 736 90S7 

PWUShms CO reauim expen 
rim'd VkP On Trt Rulti on 01 
307. 3400 inn amende* . 

CHARITY C7.000 A CoU*’**’ 
Lc;e rr to louqtit W thto carimj 
arq to rarrj out -a DCOOto-ortM 
laM runrtjon PtrtomHiw a 
wortttHWle it He VOU wiD W 
naming «r wn> to nrrtMjre you 
lor promotion Skill* 80 40 
wpm Synem> I tie rrmniment 
ronMiiunn Ol 657 asjj 
audio Sn for Irwdlj twird 
workinq mimutioiui uiKiim 
in WCS solan, uo to C9.SQ0 
01 831 2741 iNo a^NOTwi — . 

■Snannh French' Maifarr 
i rMmenl C6 CO 600 01 40* 
48S4 CarrtDoui Am 


Newspaper seeks bright, numerate secre- 
tary for their Conference Division based in 
offices in Covent Garden. Accurate typing 
and good telephone manner are essentia L 
At least one year's experience of shorthand 
and word processing training preferable. 
Interesting, varied position for right 

Please telephone: 
Kate Housley 
01-836 4802. 
No agencies. 


Seeks bright, numerate secretary for their 
Conference Division based in offices in Covent 
Garden. Accurate typing and good telephone 
manner are essential. At least one year's 
experience of shorthand and word proasssing 
training preferable. Interesting, varied position 
for right candidate. 

Please telephone: Kate Housley 
01-836 4802. 

No agencies. 

MiTTT|;fi illl-lMiP! 

Farrar Stead ft GJyns 
Northcote Road offlea 
needs bright capable and 
hard working sec. with 
sense ot humour to en- 

sure smooth rummg ot 
sometimes hectic omoe. 

sometimes hectic omet 
Salary A-A.E. 

Tit 01 223 Bill 
Rat; MM (M> Apedas) 

for hey cfaroi based Irousmg 
assmhon in West London. To 
use oiecinnc memoiy typewriter 
with good auto spuds. 

Contact Carol Rod 
on 01-969 2288 

Foreign Rights £7,000 
Customer Services £7,500 
Picture Research £9,000 
Greetings Cards £7.500 

General Books £8,000+ 

PWUSHma Exdlln « editorial 
open mg for Dnqfit. mtliusuBlic 
we. who IS kwi lo Uk? rwpon- 
sdMIKy and has an interval hi 
snort £7,500 Jaygar Careers 
•Skwne So.* Ud Ol 730 6148 

lor Busy South Keratnpaii rest 
OcnUal Estate Awnis. Musi he 
room and cnihiisiaHlc Aecu 
rale lyputq essermal Some 
expenenoe of extended memory 
typewriter useful Unto £0.000 
pa AAE Exeellenl fringe hene 
Ills Apply to J Trevor A Sons 
Ol 504 6162 

require bright audio shorthand 
secretory wilh WP ngmciKr 
Busy friendly office c £9.000 
Ol -629 4|7l 



•r -'iTi 


C9.S0Q required by small Re 
rrminvni CotnuHancv located 
hi w j General secretarial do 
lies liason with ctfcnb and 
appIKanis Good typing speeds 
and excellent cxunmumcabon 
skills essential Telephone Ol 

-JS9 M88 


renor « druiks co Min lyr's 
work exp 90 60c£9.50O Link 
Lanquagc Aunts 046 9743 
German Co Gd typing A SH 
useful c€9.Q00 Uric Language 
Apob 846 9743 








WEST HAMPSTEAD 1 1 rm hse 2 
nuiioiii-fb* CH Oiwh saJr 
Cl 95.000 Td Ol 346 0558 or 
Ol 435 2910 

CARLTON HU MW*. Spacious 
sunns oaraen mwomHie 3 
mins American School Ran or 
luiiv fumnhed. 7 o*au(rtui 
room, i3 4 bedrooms*. 2 bath 
rooms, modern kitchen, utility 
room. M mod nm £445 P w 
mti daily rteaninq Lonq lei no 
agencies Tel Ot 624 1347 




I or mm Markninq Manaqrr in 
renirai Finrhks Haro work 
and ion soiB/acuon mini be 
Umihl »HI orqan&ed and able 
lo work uikM D*omutp Salary 
neqotMMe Minimum aoe 
send C \ to Bonny Parker Re 
sort Leisure Lvi ruiioe Urt 4 
snakrsorar Road London N3 
PUBLISHING CO roquiTf'*. Hf| 
fi^ii v* Atfmin i«iih wp 
rtbenei ire Trt Rqifr on Ol 
307 3408 mo swiwsi 
SH SEC to sciiioi Parlnel Of Ch 
Art .Vr K.46 SVvl 
no. COO- kmMiiauv Rn 
• Com Ot 404 4646 

HEAVER ESTATE Fully renptul 
ed \irlnriun period lanuly 
bou«r seim^Nidiriwd S bed 
room. ? UalhrONiK. wllh lurpr 
lnrnpimii rooms Garner 
C.IH6.000 Tel 01 672 7532 or 
025b S5577 

IBK C40^XX> 4-Brm T house 
u>im 22 " lounqe □ roam 
C room Gliiiw Gomrslory 
Qmel lUIIO'Wfn limp 9 M 1 
20 Muts Tel 0620 377501 




.nail A reqd for dHxotnws 
rv. nines Long & short Ms id 
all airas Ijpfnend a. Go 4a 
MhemarleSi tti Ol 4995334 



St Bartholomew's 
School of Nursing 

WestSm&fiftM, LfWfMaECI 




£7324 - £9218 
per araam tnctasw 

Y« wfll be poridog aoMsnal 
appet to the Orator of Nurse 
Bliaa MW. TIms post rapirta 
sonant «rfn a adaptable, bat 
ntatne and is abSe tn aesqt 

Goad s horthand and typin g is ro- 
skflb maid be on advantege. 

Jcb de scr iption and application 
tenu awdabie from As Person- 
nel De pa rtm e nt (at the aham 
address); fetepbom 01-600 
mo k 3185 Pteaso quote 
reference nrenber R/512. 

Oung date 8 tb AobbsU 1385 

An exciting combination 

Personnel Secretary 



Central London CJE9000- Review wscpiKflibcr'isafi 




Hie youngest Director oS tte 
major retad group as his as- 
sistant He is dynamic, 
extremely, demanding aid 
wifl expect you to throw 
yourseff into tie job with 
boundless enthusiasm. 
Together you will attend to 
the corporate imago of the 
company, looking at chan- 

Anhiir Aiulcrscn & Co Maiiapvmnit aviMiltimLN iMinyid (hcuiumrv-s . 
Lu^cst con.suiwnc\ firms which a reputation for inc high cjuahtt : 
of iLi people and business praaice 

VTe arc deliglued to he able to offer .i hc\ secret oteiI adrumistrume n ile ■ 
viithin our personnel department Duties will include- . 

* Prmidtng secretarial suppon toonehusx executne ' f ‘ 

* Lui-singwlthavkidevarietvofprofosionafpeopie 

* l ulisingthelacesioeu technolpgv including Vtang^p pt . 

Successful appltcams will be aged 23 +. educated to A level standard and • . _ 
have audio skills of at least DO wpm In addition. require proven •. ' 

admiastnuion abilin, tirM-dm* pre>eniati*xi and a natural communicator - 
Vk+to can remain cheerful underpressure .. ' : 

If rou are seeking a career move to a timj which places great emphasis oaas 
personnel funcuon. please .send a detailed c \ ( enclosings davume . _ 

telephone numher) to- » ' 

Mrs. M. Hennevsv A /vRTHUR ! 

Recruiting Officer. 
Arthur Andenten S Co^ 

a! \JLX A A. AVJ AV . 


I SurrecStneeL 
London WC2R2PS 



and iwratfing career movs. 
The package mdudes a tSs- 
count on dothes. sports 
Jac Bfcg. free bioch and an- 
nual bores. 

Skffls: 90/50 
Age: 24-28 

629 9688 


a * — ^ 

Dae to the recent success Select Appointments Ltd i' 
have enjoyed, and in preparation of our becoming a pubGc firr^ed 
company several of our 20 offices new have openings: r; - . 

OPERATIONS EXECt/liVES: c£30, 000 pit 

* NIU 



Enjoy the each* of assisting 
Ae MD or ms kft uartafSfy 
base, yoor greomnD and m- 
■ge wM be t oady 
reixcnntatnn of a poistiad, 
mtesnul PA, your French 
.nmtess. you- comieun 
skis 60/100 + Fraocb SH 
earty ftemwarated ai a 
ligtiy demamfeig but remnJ* 
mg rote. EMfiaia career 

uraspeos ho b mbI 

Contact J aenB n M H i 
Toaumqr e»W 

We are looking for people to match both -ournarne and - ( 
reputation, who are dynamic and enthusiastic^ butwho don't ; ; T" 
necessarily have previous recruitment experienced in return we . 
can offer a demanding and rewarding job with a veiyhigh - 
basic salary and performance related profit share, iri addition the 
right candidates will have an opportunity to participate in our 
Share Option Scheme. • .. . . 7 

Applicants should apply in confidence, enclosing . 
a photograph and curriculum vitae to: Robert Kiapp, Managing 
Director, Select Appointments Ltxi, 91 High Street, Crawley, • 

Sussex RH101BA. Tel: Crawley (0293) 5L5143. ' 




orBuggtuxicw — 

■ 1H0HOIC: 040410 Mi 




um concurso documental 
reservado para nacionals 

parao preenchimento de 
um iugarde 


organiza ■ 

cuatro concursos de m6rttos 
reservados a nacionales 

para puestos de 


(formacao universitaria fndls- 

Para malores lnformacoes, 
pepa o aviso de concurso a: 

(formacldn universitaria indisr 

Para los detafies solicitar ios 
anunclos de concurso a: 

Commission des communaut£s Europdennes, 
Division Recrutement, 
rue de la loi 200, b-1049 bruxelleSi 
T el. : 02 / 23S.11.Ti. 


Required for a property development company 
to work for a team of 3 surveyors in our presti- 
gious Mayfair offices. 

Age 204- with good audio (shorthand useful but 
not essential). 2nd jobber would be considered. 

Salary: up to £8,000 pa. + staff discount 
Please telephone:- 

Paula Wallace on 01-409 2322 

Dixons Commercial Properties Ltd 
(Part of the Dixons Group pic) 





Required for International Company in the City. 
Salary £7,500 AAE. plus fringe benefits. 

Please ring: 01-488 1488 
(No Agencies) 

£9,000 + PERKS 

Interested m working In an un- 
(tefwtJBng company? A Oty 
based company near Liver- 
pool Street Station require an 
audio secretary who a com- 
petent at figure work. Contact 
Joan Ponte or Maggie Siatiery 
now on 

01 588 6311. 

Alfred Maries 
necreflmMt CoredMs, 
21 WonnwH u d Street, 
Load** EC2. 




Free theatre/sports tickets when you. work 
within the Sales Department of this . 

prestigious company. 

Look after a team of sales people, 
they just need average S/H, fast typing and *- 
an outgoing personality. ' * r ' 

A1I this & £8000++++. 

Call Georgia Atterano on 

499 5881 

Alfred Marks 
Recruitment Consultants, 
16 Landsdowne Row, Wl. 



wWf knowledge- of book- 
keeping required for Fashion/Dwign Company. 

Apply in writing to: 

Lady Tryon 
8 Beauchamp Place, 

SW3 1NQ. 

41*11 . ]X<miaoniiM soauusirert 7uinwHMiailtinUgwili>0i»MwiiMi 
Br--.rjirt*ccn«i ciMnaaiten s<oitntnpurenntwiwi^««iwiaieiiasiam 
tftovwrtnw wm cast waiB Mil HSantrt toi or w u 

bowtuHi w ftw m iw Joe b*hb 

Salary negotiable 

* bom tun S^WBO 
* two Irani EXU&D 

Mr "xsia*** «*« wan ijm caw snewn m hxxot w»t»s irf ^ m«i 
9» mi i«wa um Mem and min smr mn 

Pw* m MM ams 


fi&DDt afraid <rf compoten to work in our smotratR 

office.. /*. 

Contact: Gerald. FiltGitirar 

01-884 9908: . - 







- i*. 

Home Secretary no. 
City secretaries, yes. 

mm ma 


Second Secretaries 

Salary c.£9,000 p.a. 

ESkF 11 D,9anisa,ion - invi,es 

Second Secretary to the 
ueptity Managing Director & General Manager 

Second Secretary to the 
Finance Director & Company Secretary 

Second Secretary to the 
Assistant Secretary & Legal Adviser 

These are varied and interesting positions, offering young ambitious 
secretaries experience at senior level in an expanding international 

Appficante must have a minimum of 12 months secretarial experience 
ana be educated to ‘A’ level standard. Excellent organisational skills, t act 
and discretion are essential. 

These posts encompass the full range of secretarial duties, including 
shorthand and typing (100/60wpm). WP experience would be an 
advantage, but training wifi be given if required. 

Benefits include 6 weeks holiday a year, subsidised restaurant, an 
interest-free season ticket loan and free BUPA cover, 
tn the first instance contact Debby on 01 -409 2393. 

We are an equal opportunities employer 

1 « 


* **•»* •#»» •»•/ 

• *••• 2*** 
Z \ 

Hoggett Bowers 

Executive Search and Selection Cons ultants 
aumnvuw.ansr. cuscw. uns. lok don. •usoostek. vnosni SH£rrgu> mwweajsat 

Personnel Administrator 

Merchant Banking 

City, up to £13,500 pa. s outstanding 
fringe benefit package 

This is an excellent opportunity for a first-class 
Personnel Administrator to develop a career within the 
personnel function of this international organisation. 
The main purpose of the job is to assist the Personnel 

ifiT,! JTil i iT-rT* k h 1 1 ( l ki * f : 1 i ■ i * ( * -V' ^ • T * • *’. • * • • - • I 

procedures and in the recruitment of all non-executive 

Candidates who should be articulate, numerate, and of 
good appearance, must have some experience of the 
personnel function and will need to demonstrate 
first-class administrative and organisational abilities in 
order to successfully carry out a wide variety of duties. 

Male or female candidates should submit in confidence 
a comprehensive c.v. or telephone for a personal history' 
form to S. Now. Hoggett Bowers pic, 2/2 Hanover Street, 
LONDON, WlR 9WB, 01-734 6852, quoting 
Re/: 800 &T. 


Marketing Assfstant/PA 

Required with in-depth experience. BASI/German 
spfcg preferred, to launch corrtroveraiad radicafy new 
Alpine Ski concept at international shows etc. Exciting 
future in new British company for coming seasons). 
Mature presentable person nrfa and cv. 

Otter SMs Reply to BOX F20. 



Take the next step forward 

Central London up to £9,800 

Using yourawn uraferthre in an environment that promotes talent 
-that's the exerting prospect awaiting a high-calibre Personal 
Secretary at British Telecom. 

Working for the Personal Assistant to the Chief Executive 
of the International Products Division - a newly established 
Division responsible for leading BT's Intemafiomd Product 
marketing - you'll be involved in most aspects of a busy high- 
tech business-Therell be plenty of challenge - Basing with 
senior management, progress chasing, word processing etc - 
with a0 the specialist training you need to meet that challenge 
and progress further. 

lo succeed you most have excellent lyping {40 wpm) and 
shorthand (100 wpm) backed by word procesang skfis or the 
ability to acquire them. A good level of general education (a 
minimum of 4 'O' levels inducting English and Maths) and/or 
several years' experience k essential. 

Starting salary will be in the range £8/272 - £9810, 
inducting inner London Weighting, depending on experience 
and qualifications. Prospects throughoutthe Division and BT as 
a whole are first-rate. 

To apply, please write with full cv, to arrive by 28th Jut# 
to: Miss Terry Houghton, British Telecom Business Systems, 

Room 2126, 23 Howland Street, London W1P 6HQ. 



International Products Division 


is the European Community’s Bank for long-term fi- 
nance, finances projects in the Member Countries of the 
EEC and in over seventy other countries in the Mediter- 
ranean, Africa, the Pacific and the Carribbean. 

The Bank is currently seeking, for appointment to its 
Liaison Office in London: 


ASSISTANT (Ref.™ 8606) 
(approximately 20 hours per week) 
(minimum age 23) 

Competent, flexible all-rounder for small West End of- 
fice. Wide range of responsibilities including shorthand 
typing (100/60 w.pjn.) word processing, basic 

Several years’ professional experience would be an ad- 
vantage. An excellent knowledge of English with a sound 
knowledge of French is essential. 

The Bank offers very attractive sa l a ri e s and conditions, 
and a comprehensive welfare scheme. 

Candidates, who must be nationals of an EEC Member 
Country, are invited to submit their applications, ac- 
companied by a detailed curriculum vitae and 
photograph, quoting the reference number PM 8606, to: 

Liaison Office 
68, Pall Mall 

Applications will be treated in strictest co nfi dence. 



| OK V01® 




Enthusiastic, dweriul secretary w keep smsB market- 
ing team wider control. . 

Wta. vw« -***'*■ — r M 

Salary £7.500 - £9,000. 

Please apply in writing with Jull c.r. to: 

CaroSne Tucker, 
l ETC Infovewn 

Bradley Close. White bon St. London. N-i- 

Salary £10,000 pa + beaefits 

Are yw 25-35 With a sense ^ 


you enjoy variety. 

Cafl Sue at HOC IntemationaJ if you'd Hre to become 

BBS 8942 


There's no doubt tins posi- 
tion Is challenging and 
interesting and couw wy 
won lead to a boart level PA 
position within 18 months. 
Your ability to deal with se- 
nior executives is of prime 
importance and you wUl need 
axcaHem skills (100/60) to 
dispense with the secretarial 
content so that you can got 
on with the more important 
things. Based in their head- 
quarters at Green Park, in: 
your own office enjoying the 
excellent benefits and salary, 
if fcit sounds Bee your type 
of job and your type of chal- 
lenge give us a ring. Ideal age 


£11,000 AGE: 24+ 

You nwst be educated to 'O' level standard indudfng Maths, and have a 
good understanding of computers. 

Maturity, positive thinking and professfona/ presentation are essentia) 

AppKcatons please, wffli luB c.v M to Helen Preedy at 248 Btahopagate, 
London EC2M 4PB or ring 01-377 1000. 

(No AgandN) 



Require young dynamic secretary to help with 
organisation of aH aspects of the company. Good 
shorthand/typing <100/50) and aWiry to work on 
own initiative essential. Salary £8.500. 

Tel: Shelley on 01-584 4229 

UP TO £12,000 

The Group Director of a 
leafing ntemathmai 
company of daffltas is 



Cnoauluincy /Software Publishers. Good 

To h 01-361 7tu& 



To |dn reewmy appointed so- 
licitor n the Estates depart- 
ment ol ms large progressive 
organisation bi WC1. Excat- 
lam company tmnaftts. 

Eatery Eii/soope. 
WnaJ Marks 
R ec r ufl m w 1 CwsaRnfc, 
112 The Stood, Loodw WSL 
TatephaoB 836 2282 




Required for busy 
Whnpote Street practice. 
As soon as possible. 



Age 22+ cAWOO 

A highly Interesting are! in- 
volved opportunity working 
at Director (aval for a world- 
renowned Marketing 
organisation dealing in top- 
nama wines & sparrts. me 
dance to run your own 
show white ha is away on 
las frequent trips overseas 
as well as deafeiQ diplomati- 
cally with ctarts would give 
a weH-spoken PA with rusty 
shorthand a first-class open- 
ing into a fascinating 
industry. Call Sharon on 01- 
734 2567 for immediate 

JSL Strife!^ 

v Kecrtritwtcttt 



c£10,000 plus 

The ETB is responsible for the promotion and 
development of tourism in England. 

A stimulating opportunity has arisen for a self 
motivated, highly organised professional secretary who 
can remain calm under pressure and exercise diplomacy 
and tact 

Working directly with the Chief Executive and alongside 
Regional Qaison staff as part of a small team, the 
successful applicant will possess excellent secretarial skills 
1100/50 wpm), including Word Processing knowledge. 

Ability to organise, draft correspondence, progress chase 
and liaise with external contacts at ail levels essential. 

If you have an interest in tourism, a sense of humour 
and are a non-smoker, we look forward to receiving your 
CV or will be pleased to send you an application form. 
Pamela Wara Personnel Officer. English Tourist Boa 
Thames Tower, Black's Road, W6 9EL. 

\ Tel: 01-846 9000. Ext 292Z 

.=vi English 
LC £l Tourist Board LaJ 



Require conveyancing 
audio secretary- Varied 
duties and scope for 

Tel: 01-242 6017 
Call Mr. B- Martin 
(No Agencies) 


A 0300 back-up BOmMatranx aged 30 - SO. to protrid* good 
back-up for busy welfare team. Musi hare an Interest In wnfare 
work and ba good ox figures- Circa E7S00. nag. 

CM. to: 

Mrs D. Larkin, 


3 Crawford ptaco Wl. 


Mary Ftu LtotM Ltd 

requires a receptionist/ sec- 
retary tor Mr often m 
Chelsea. The vacancy 
would sut a cotege tamer 
with good typing to work in 
this bveiy interior design 

Please telephone: 

Mini Cheales on 
01-351 0273 
for more details 

c£1 5,000 

We have been retained by 
our dient to recniit a Senior 
PA who wW report oractiy to 
the President. They are a 
presti gi ous and expamfcng 
company who are wel es- 
tebfefted hi the computer 
pacant win be besed at their 
otflees m Knlghtsbridje and 
must be at*) to demonstrate 
communication end adminis- 
tration skdb at corporate 
level Contact Karan Baker 
at WordPerfect an 01-035 
2808 (Rec Cons) 



International Service Company based in centra] 
London seeks ambitious self motivated Individ- 
uals with management potential. Specific 
qualifications are not essential but this post is 
likely to appeal to graduates of Commercially 
blest disciplines or those with experience in 
residential property. Please accompany your C 
V with a letter specifying why your qualifica- 
tions or experience might be of interest to us 

Meryl Linch Relocation 
Management International Ltd, 
136 New Bond Street, 
London Wl. 

Attention Deborah Jardine 
Telephone 01-629 8222 


also on page 36 


C op tfamcd from page 36 


More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

-Feat expert, high-tech 
service -Free worldwide 
hotel &cv hire pass 
e op to 60 % (Sacouats 
Open 9-6 Mon-Sat 
Immunisation, Insurance. 

TUNISIA, perfect beaches tar 
your summer holiday. Call lor 
our brochure now. Tunldaii 
Travel Bureau. 01.373 Mil. 
USA r» EAST Australia 
Euroee. Lw tasi larei. 
nnsurnHkm. 01-930 3803 

AUCAHTC. Faro. Malaga etc. 
D, round Travel ATOL 1783. 
Ol S8i aoai. Horenam 68MI 
AUSSIE. N2. Sown Africa. 

01-493 7776 ABTA. 

Best holidays anywhere. Sky 
Traiei. 01 834 7926. ABTA 
M 5COWT S lst/ErOnenw IKJc 
cv. Trv us M FUCHt- 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100. 
(am on charier vchedided flu. 
631 0167. AW AKH 1893. 
Fnglus raider Ol «71 0097 
ATOL 1640. Access. Vm. 
STW/MEL 0618 Penh SX*S AH 
major carriers m A US. NZ. 01- 
684 7371. ABTA 

fhe moil beaufiiul place 

you-ve never heard of 


M He or nfeax) hoe oa 
Gmk We. DeseiM boon. 

*rto«tU*iVB6.BBq'sS OOD.FW 

6H h» Mta. owhs m bndtL 

litiid ta iluelMSW lumcilfcm 




vi lbs & h® clou to glonoiis 
beaches. FREE wndsufing n 
Crete Avaflahtty tinughout the 

0403 59788 

KARPATHOS. we vtlll have mafl- 
aMiity uuvusMui summer 
season lo - Hold AlUiuta. a 
Irimdly ft B hoiel on tws 
umpoUl wand. (0923) 771266. 
Tlmsway HoUdayv. 



CRUISE Tbrinr 12 berth crewed 
molar iwni 2 wks fr 0425 on 
Inc ms. Whole boa* aiauaue 
other weeks from £ 1000 . Free 
W sports, n.b. Ol 326 1005. 
A lot 2091 


TAKE TORE OFF lo Paris. Am 
sierdam, Brussels. Bruges, 
Genes*. Berne. Lausanne. Hie 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bon 
logne & DWope. Time Olf. 2a. 
Cneslrr acne. London. 6W1X 
7BQ. 01-235 8070. 




END; Indutar yenmeu. you 
desene II. A weekend in Ven- 
ice. Florence or Rome. Eel wHl 
drink well, shop wc« and lorget , 
about EnqlandS depressing 
weather Or romMnr a Ciiv 
Weekend wim a week by l he 
sea. Free btuctiure irom Mamc 
or Italy Dew TT. 47 Shepherds 
Bush Green. W12 BPS Tel: OL 
749 7449 (24 Ws Senicei 


01 486 9356 



MOUSEHOLE drltghifui cottaoe. 
sleeps 3 4. sea views. Up to 
£i5Qpw 0736 73127S. after 7 

ISLES OF SCHJ.Y. Cornwall. So 
peril house available SeM OrL 
Steeps 6. Phone Ol 934 3B01 
Daytime. 0732 463637 Eve- 
nings W ends. 

BEAUTIFUL secluded Georgian 
Mansion Apartments * col- 
lages in 20 acres. Sandy 
beaches Riding avail. Autumn 
painling classes. Restaurant and 
bar Nr Cardigan. 023987 608. 


TICE No 007196 of 19«S 
APRIL 1966 

IVIES ACT. 1985 
Summons aaim the i6Ui a peg 
1986 of me Oinnal Receiver and 
Provisional Lw m daior of the 
above-named company 
plicant in person 
der lo wind up Uie said Company 
dMfd I tv 2nd Dev ember 1986 Ihe 
two reruns of me A««tanl OfW 
rial Receiver a s lo lie iwwu o I 
Ihe Meetings of Oredliom and 
Oontnbuiones ol me said Compa- 
ny made lo the Court and bom 
Med ihe I6!h April 1986 and Uie 
Affidavit 04 Nicholas Henry 
Keene MaUen ia& lo the (Hness of 
me UDLadaiar heretnallef bp- 
poiniedi rued mn day 
rr e ordered that omd 
(amun Boon of Fnary Court 66 
Cr inched Friars. London ECS 
2NP Chartered Arcouniani be 
and he h hereby appointed Liqui- 
dator 04 me smd Company 
said Lnnwvaior do wiutui 7 days 
Irom the dale ol ms Order give 
srcunlY M me sauslacUon of Ihe 
Secretary of Siam lor Tradr as 
provided by Ihe Companies 
■Win ding upl Rules 1949 
AND NOTIE or Ihls order is lo 
be wmlM and advertised in the 
■■TTmev” Newspaper once 



From COftRI 





fel 01-441-0122 24hr. 

KEMORCA vuias, some with 
pools- apartments, unemas. an 
oates avail. July specials, nigh 
season from Cl 25 CeiiJf Mon- 
days Ol 309 7070 * OoM 
4,77071 or 0622 677076 i24 
nrw A(o4 1778 



eOLFE JUAN 4 bedroamed villa 
will) pool. avaiUbe 17-31 All- 
ans! Qi-iai& tram continnui 
1'tuas Ol 345 9181 

with own pool Mar bell. l 24 

July e weeks now only £700 
Wkly. PPM Ol 493 6726. 
vate V illas A aatt With pool. All 
dates. Ol 621 0382. 
M4RMLI.A. Lux villas with 
boots Avail July Id Oct. 01 409 
2638. VUL. World. 


N/YOMI MhmU LA. aware* | 9af*Alol IBM.' 
/are* on maw L'A scheduled I Big«es. 735 B193. aim ibm 

carriers. Also iransallanhc 
charters & nights lo Canada. Ol 
684 7371 ABTA 

AUSTRALIA /HZ fr £679 TOl 
B ook now for Xmas season, wv 
later Columbus. IO OuUfcs 
Gat dens. EC2. 01 9» 4251 

lor Australia. NJT MMOle rail. 

Imba Far East. ABTA- Oub Air 

Travel 01 639 =6*4 
pean oesunations Vatexandef 
01 402 4262 0060 ABTA 
OI004 ATOL I960 
maw prices, nighb * 
holidays, freedom kWHays- 
01 741 4686. ATOL 433. 
WorWwtdr cheapest UCH- 
Richmond Travel. I Ojije 
Ricnmoud ABTA 01-940 4073. 




47 Resorts a SartarhaL 
toms. France A Italy, 
toe Bmst CtokM On Sbs! 

81 705 2200 
& GaM*. Luton. Manchester. 


fTTa>f ■. ihV-'F* 

CagtoCMi lemr bwi Jui 
9oM» numy mm mot 

22 JULY FROM £199 


PiostMUi at smjD JcMOyhsctar 

SW WEST hamper hrcchurr oui 
now parked with aU the km re- 
sorts. Sunday flighls- (heal the 
hallir'L and amartnoly tow 
prim uarilng al CS9. Ring (Oil 
7HS 9999 10 1 your copy 
ABT Ae93S6 ATOL 1 383 


vacancies in 4 converted amu- 
houses In her aidrl garden m 
old Sandwich, h'm Col. TV 
C140pw now. CSOlrcmBScpt. 
Phonograph Tel. 0304 613270. 



TEL 01-481 1989 

01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 

TEL 01-481 4000 




PERSONALako on page 3 5 RENTALS 

All cbssjfirtl advemjnnems 
on be accepted by telephone 
tcicepi Announcements). The 

deadline s iuGpra 2 days prior 
lo publication lie 5.00pm Mon- 
day for Wednesday). Should 
you wish 10 send an advemse- 
mcni in writing please include 
vour davtime phone number. 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
queries or problems refaumg 10 
your advertisement once n has 
appeared, please' romaci our 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone on 01-481 4100. 


would Uhl- TO Hear From Au 
'hon || you lute written a 

Ouuk Ihjt il-vn p-s pnuucaunn 

Write in Duel TMI I I 1 THE 
Sln-rl Siuwi BN7 2LL 
NORTH WOOD Tlx- pupil* o( SI 
Helen's Smoot wnuJO IILp In 
wish I heir HhUmKIiw. Mm 
JD Leader every happim-v. on 
her Trlircmrnl 1954 1980 , 

prralvlx iNYd* help Pnoiw 
hjundJlnin IDr Galled Chlktn-n 
tW-58 812TO0 

FRIEND neeoeo fqi 19>T dirt to 
Inwrl .and wort In Europe 
SLirlmn Amur. I 0742 7GLMSO 


02 9M 1 357 ~ 




Genuine rraurtinir. on o»er 
ICO new A resrora-d inyru 

rna-ne. Lnmallm jlln uKs 
sraxlro Free r.noiaau* 30a 
HKrtmate Hd. NWS Ol 267 
7071 Frey rafAlngiaa* 

dial rrcnndilroni.'d QiuJHv a I 
tr.ivmjb*r purrs 320 BnohUm 
Rd S Croydon 01-688 SS13 


WMDY 22 Drv Bwl lying Bondol 
Vranrp. a-vcrll lOnd. UK redd, 
new £20 h + Baroiln £8.500 
Call 021 ass 9309 


•itul pavnqree puppies Guard 
doan a pets UEO U» Tel 
l»0H 010974 days. 0908 
011322 esm 


aiad srnool > 18-10 ogr qroupt 
Trt 01 *73 1005 



FfOENDSHV, Lose or Mamaae 
All mm ureas Dalrtin*-. D*nf 
■ C'16‘ 23 Abmayten Road. Lon 
don W8 Tel Ol 938 toil 
BREAKAWAY. London's rluh for 
protrssional unaltalrned peinlr 
259i3 0 spr 200 events month 
it 24 hr into lane 997 799 a 
Send 5 A E 14 Brouctump PI 
SU 3 01 267 6066.Essm area. 
Ol 504 4142 HKjn success rale 
Men 4045 in demand 
SELECT FRIENDS Exclusive in 
liodurlhyns (or Ihe unattached 
58 Maddox Street. London M 1 
Tele pn data - 493 9937 
Bond St to I 01429 9634 
CALIBRE CVS Ud prolaasiotial 
rvirnrulum vtlae documents 
Oaxaih- Ol 631 3388 
CAPITAL CVi prepare laiotl Quail 
It cumculuiit vilaes 01407 

COMPANY GOLF Days orunised 
(or slall or rus tamer s. An y to 
ration Tel 0734 872722 


Oualllled Solicitors £160 * 

v AT A Standard Dtsfcursc 
nwtils Ring 0244-319398 
L'S lawyer 17 Butolrodr SI. 
Lnndon to 1 01 486 0B13 


peter (or quirk sale ] 65 carat 
diamond sel In 18 r>ra> whilr 
90 M L 2 500 7 Slone. 2 raral 
duinaiu rina wl in IB raral 
white gold C205Q Maybe 
viewed in London 0733 76036 


Souih Bank and Ciu Steeps 
2 3 Avail 20 th July £190 pw 
Tel. 01433 9tu6 

HOLIDAY LETS. From £200 pw 
ID £3 OOOpw Tel 014556086 
anytime rn 

HOTTING KILL GATE, spacious 2 
bedroom Hal in private Ine. Nr 
VliOPS tune U25PW 602 6442 

CHELSEA. S.W.S Shorl Lei 8 
weeks from July Slvt Allrac 
live iwo room rial in ouief 
house In charming period 
square £90 pw Ol 730 3141 
CLAPHAM PARK. Comfortable 
musician* house dUe bedim 
avail L'ie of all amenities 
C60pw Tel 01 671 5988 
llai available Short lerm let 
Approx £!4Spw Contact 01 
638 1312 ext 492 
central London (rant £32S nw 
Rina Town (fee Apis 373 3453 
Kensington Cot TV 24hr swbd. 
(Lx Coliingham Apts 373 6306 
STM. Kh exclusive elegant S C 
siudio balcony flat. CM. Col TV 
phone, maid OL 370 2386 

avail Spend a week rruxinq at 
our private Do.itn hotel, men a 
wrek rrunang im our vac hi for 
L'450 1 nr fit. H B. tree 

vv- vporlv. Olh-T comMnpliORs 
Mv. 61 Mo 1005 

; COSTCUTTERS ON (Itqhlx Not* 
IO Europe. LSA A mw tteslnu ■ 
■ mm Otpkvmai Travel Ql 730 

USA ft Cl 15 StiMle. £210 rtn 
High Snivm Fares Maior Irav 
: rl Ol 485 9237 IATA 


Beiw Travel Tel 01 386 6414 

Hoymarhet Ol 930 1366 

Ol 434 0734 Jupiter Travel 


L TC Open Sal 0763 8S7O3S 

MALAGA. CANARIES. ' 01 44 1 
1111 Travejwne Abu Atol 

SPAIN. Portugal Cheapest tares 
Bmglrx 01 735 8191 ATOL 

SICILY £248. at the well -appoint 
ed ELI HOTEL m secluded Bay 
of SanFAIessto. only 7 miles 
from live rlcqanl international 
rmorl of TAORMINA Pnce 
jip. I 7 nigh Is hall-board in twin 
room, rrlum daytime Galwick . 
Ills every Tuesday Pool a prl : 
vale Ixwti irarrJerv A airport 
ta> No hidden extra* SIC1L 
IAN SLN LTD 01 222 7452 
O w £395 tin £695 Auckland 
o w £420 rm £785. JbTnltg 
o w £306 rtn £499 Lax Angp 
leva w £216 rtn £405. London 
riKjhl On I re Ol 370 6332 

GLYNDCBOURNE Pnvale pur -ui. wi. loi tv 

maser urgently requires Urkcls Phone, maid 01 370 2386 
lor anv one of the loltawtng ■ ■■ 

dales July 19m 201 h. July El ATCUADC 

2 tHh 27ln, August 3rd .or Au r LA I SHAKE. 

hum 9i h loin Please reply , 

Box rs9 

EIGHTEEN CARAT Chain type "*■ Prof M 25+ N S lor maH 

nee Mare good weight, mint 
mum length 29 bn. wlih 01 
wiihoui matching bracelcl Tel 
0666 88255 is ex 
ol chain, large mirrors, bony 
rases dexks 3 bureaus.0! • 585 . 
0148 £28 2710 day plgni j 

luxury gdn house Mon 10 Frt 
basn only Ol OR £40 p w 
ext I 01 262 6308 




Wool im Berbers tram £3.95 per 
sq yd + VAT 80% wool Heavy 
Domestic Wilton £1385 pit sq yd 
+ VAT Corkooiast mes £875 
per sq yd 4 VAT & many other 
peal reductions 
255 New Kings Road 
Parsons Green, SW6 

Tel: 01-731 2588 

Fra esfinatn - Evert Rffiag. 


pnniing pres* plus hundreds of 
wood Work tellers lor sale 
£5 /WO Reply 10 BOX BBS 

3PSTEUL Burr Walnut Inlaid 
Din mg lable Mae Board 6 

WIMBLEDON. Room lo let < 91141 x 1 
bain rtn. kitchen. living rm 
Auto washer tumftk- dryer etc 
Share phone Suit non-smoking 
young prof £170 pom Ind 
gas electricity Phone Tony ou 
Ol 540 3023 Irani Aphi 

BOREHAM WOOD prol f lor spa 
aou» new lee. o r. in 
amemuex. 30 mins City by 
Irani LSOpw Tel Ot 207 
6843. alter 6 pm 

NWIO luxury lumhlied Hal. 3 
beds, lounge, kllctien. bath 
roam Sun 3 prol Is. Aw 
preferred 25* £45 per per* 
pw 01 «S1 3664. aner 6pm 

SWS. Male Own room bn auM 
flat Share k and b £3800 pw 
Inc Tel: 01 370 2446. 

BARONS COURT D. room in lux 
maiMMietie. lor two prof m ( 3 
mms lube. C h and Ink waier 
Inc £168 per person per eahm 

rtir month Tel:01 741 B046 
share 2 bed tux turn naL use of 
Rll. Balh. Lng. O R age pref 
259 10 mms lube £46 pp pw 
Td: 43 1 3664 aner 600 
BATTERSEA comfortable mad 
sonelle. double room £65 pw 
Share room £35 each. Single 
£40 730 5508 or 228 2363 

Nrw \OTk £260 l A £329. To- 
ronto £269 I'buro £495 
Nairobi £376 Sydney £689 1 
Auckland £749 EUrtalr 130 . 
Jennvn Snw 01 839 7144 
MENORCA, Tenerife. Greek is- 
lands. Alaarve villas Apts 
Pmivwib Tavemaa. Holiday* 
Flights. Brochures bookings 
veniura HoUday*. Tel 0742 

WORLD WIDE FHghB specialising 
m Firs) Club Class. Economy lo 
Australia. Far Eoxl. S. Airrca. 
ISA. Luton. Faro A Geneva 
Phone Travel Centre 01-656 
7025 ABTA 73196 
LATIN A MERI CA. Low cost 
(Hams e.g Rio £4£S. Lima 
£495 rln Also Small Group 
Holiday Journcys-ieg Peru 
(ram £350) JLA Ol 747-3108 
USA s America. Mid and Far 
East, s Africa Tray vale, as 
M argarei Street. Wi Ol 680 
2928 1 visa Accepted) 

Nairobi Jo'Burg, Cairo. Dubai 
Istanbul. Singapore. KJL Delhi 
Bangkok, Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. & The Americas. 

Flamingo Tried. 

76 Shaflestmy Arcane 

Leaden W1V 7DC. 

01-439 0102 
Open Sunday 10.00-1300 


Selection ot one & two bed 
flats with batcoflies m tfns 
sought after development 
set in communal gardens. 
Rentals from £180 pw for 6- 
36 months. 

Hyde Park Office: 
01 262 5060 

^jj^&rddN 1 

DeUfittif I bod (unshed Ital on 
lim lb ol pi bh MDi bwxhceni 
wens over London Iwsfl pnd a 
wic beaq ceotraRy (naed Ind 
ML e pnone. DOtterue. Mrahy. E 
hXL racem im. lat rale Bed. IhSl 

£190 D* neq 

InuaciAn 3 58KV nesnraUe 
aval Aug n ol Spnous actam- 
modatua *rtb Ifl latch, centnhv 
kxaHd y« my ®*l EMI. recap 
rm W. 2 dUe beds. MB. sen 
doUrm £350 pw 





Lei 1 nag A Hnnagemen i 



Ground floor flat. 2 bed- 
rooms. lined kitchen. I 
imxpuoits with seperatr din- 
ing room ( or 2 receps). 
bathroom. £700pcm. Equity 



Unfumtshed house, 4 bed, 2 
bath m quiet resKtential area. 
New carpets, decorations 
and kttchtm equipmem. Gge. 
Co lease, 1-3 yra_ 

Kerafinaton Office: 
01 7244 

WVBM SMH SWS bw braid 
nenMife SuSolti SUboRmUy 
am iol Bub ana ■bow. Use at 

uyB l UMfe v i M . 

snq MIUBnUn Hock n 
beM a) CMn I Bed. Bmp. Bsb 
•B stwra UMbra tacbea LA Pnt- 
to. Exa*M seamy. TV video. Lang 
Co in mu m 

HM3C0nnT TBH -I MTflJ ixatat 
IM (b fbd mi Urge tom. 2 OMe 
beds Am. Mi Modem tatti 
Lang Co In C325 pw 
fwn/untam. the of so. Odra £ M 
courts BbuM deunboa 3/3 Beds. 
2/3 Ekes 2 BalhL Dodoaon FiBy 
eorimdii/ MaktaM nua Qbk Oh 
UR. Long Co. In £850 pw. 
8V7U 7411 

HOUhuMMlMU 187 
JHy Audenoi or Jda MrIb 
B 1-244 7441 
94 OU Brampton Bead, 


For the bed | 

a ofe ctkui of fine . 


hi prime London aress. 



GaBened wd-a-term. rrrirq 
room. Dadraom. tantmn. 
shOBBi raom, access to uri- 
nate gardens Cl 50 ow 

01-730 5155. (T). Ifl Tet 01-584 0787 (T) 


ModmiHM and luily lurnulwd 
OnlraUy hearexl dal 2 double 
Mfoom. open plan reception 
with L shaped dmingarca. luily 
(Hied k lichen with all machines 
bathroom Iw of communal 
garden*. 6 IlfU and security 
Close lubes and shoos. £290pw 
Available 1 year pim. Red din 
Clancy A Go- Ol 936 2175. 

rnalrs £1 450 Tel Eve 01-502 DULWICH /S1KCATHAM border 
2505 Prof M lo share Victorian hsc 

Own bath £l50pm + mils. 723 

1222 exl217w 670 4147exes 
VIDEOS SENSATION tales! video ® Cl * C, f> C SIlar1,, » 

plaver only £189 Fully grid 
TOPS 91 Lower SHoane SL 
SWl 730 0933 


mediate delivery on numerous 
pieces of 17lh A I81h Century 

Well estab Inlrodurtory service 
Phe tel lor aopt: 01 589 5491 
313 Bromoion Road. SW3 
PARSONS GREEK. 2 F 10 slu or 
M F O R in flat o looking 
Green. £200 pem avail 1 Aug. 
736 2741 Alter 6 nm 

repfira (urnilurp Including I ***■ ■** ™ ln ahrarirve. spa 1 

items by Arthur Brett. 
Inch marsh 4 Goodwin and 
Wm Tillman NelUebed. Nr 

nous newly converted gdn flat. 
Close tube CH £85 pw. 588 
6464 x 2060 O 373 6816 H 

Henley on Thames 

64 1115. Bournemouth 13202' 
2935BO. Topsham. Devon 
10392871 7443 Berkeley Gto* 
iP453i 810952 

WIST quality wool carnets At 
irane pncox and under also 
available 100's extra. Large 
room sue remnants under hall 
normal pnce Chancery Carpels 
01 405 0453 

10491 1 1 SWS. 2 prof gwls. id rm in lip 

happy hse with garden AU mod 
cons £156 pent pp Phone 731 
3190 OT 3700999 
TOOTHS BECK- Own room* In 
allrac l mixed shared Me wllh 
gdn 4 nuns tube £38 3 
£40pw Tel 672 9567 
share IW O R CH Gdn. £45 
pw excl Tel 856 2500 eves 

THE TMES 175S-19S6. Olher I CLAPHAM. Lue mom In beautiful 

uiles avail Hand bound roadv 
lor pfexentaltoTi also 

"fsundavs" LI 2 5*3 Remember , 
When 01 688 6323 
Starhghl Exp Chess. Lex MM : 
AU theatre and sports l 

Tel 8216616 828JM95 j 
A Ex Xlsa Dmers J 

BIRTHDAY DUE ? Give someone . 
an onginai Timm Newspaper 

gun flat tor single per or couple 
Os Tube £56pw 01 6274467 
CLAPHAM C O MMON, m I. n s. 
Q r lux (II, qrdn £200 pem 
exrl Ot 585 1853 aner 
EAST SHEEN SW14. Female 
N 5 io shr house, large o r 
£45 pw mcl Ol 876 8022 
HAMPTON: W loo 35 nun* F 
N S. Jff* Easy going. O R. 
£1 IS pem excl Ol 979 0672 

£L3 *S o2« M3QS^ ISLINGTON NIB m f share com 
S w lortable house Own room 

OLD YORK FLAGSTONES, cob £135 pem 249 8219 eves 

deinerte*^ SW19. Pro! F to share tax flat. 

JuSiS ™ 030039 toe own room near lube £47 

iw ills* TH: 01648 2939 ieve*i 

SWia Prof M I snare nm o r 
fa ? i An mod con* garden £140 

820 1678 Exrlus Tel-Ol 870 7381 

A^KD OUT EVENTS. Bears «T‘' "TJ/H 

SWig. Prof F to share tax flat, 
toe own room near lube £47 
pw Tel: 01648 2939 ieve*i 
SW1B Prof M i snare Hal o r 
All mod con* garden £140 
pc m Exrlus Tel.O! 870 7381 


I sngk mn 

Johgrg/Har ESS im 

NMOtk £275 090 

Cato £150 £230 

JOBS E’fO £360 

Witan iTm £350 

langtiok £220 £350 

Hub £420 

Afro Mat Tmof Ltd 
162/ IBB BagnBl SL til 
Ta. 01-437 8255/6/7/8 
LA & Gnu Bookaigs WBawc 

Fly Savely 

Jaly August flights to 






01-995 3883/4/5 

Simply Fly 


Pan* £89 N YORK F275 
Framdurt £60 LA/S F E395 
Lagos £320 Wan* £320 
hamtx £325 Sn ga pora 1420 
JOtxrg £460 BanfiKok £335 
Caro £205 Katmandu £440 
Drt/Boro £335 Rangoon £350 
Hong Kong £510 CafeaiBa £425 
Ptan cal 
21 hdWEIMBWl 
B1-4M 2WW37 BSP 



Bom, Del 

Tet 21-438 SKI 1*007 


22 ft 23 J8LY 

We still haw a low rooms aval at 
our buittil Ukva HoM. Fetfnye 
on rhe South Coast All mrstmq 
hots on 22 & 23 July now rednead 
to onty E3S9 each. 2 irks nc h/b A 
orect fhgtns to Oabnao. 
01-948 9191 
ATOL 1596. 


Sunny Ital overlooking garden 
square, new conversion. 2 beds, 
main ten sulei. shower room. II 
Ml. use of gardens, rm pw 
Please roman Suzanne Con- 
way al Saunders of Kensington 
on 581 3623 

12B HoB&fld Park An. W11 

Sturnmg new act aa u d asgned 
mss in heart ol the bush. Ewy- 
nng spacHHE ft S^a. «ceton 
mod tunwlengs A ItgMmg. 2 Dole 
Bednns. 1 S^e Bedim. Reap Fbn. 
FF Mod KiL 2 Bathnns. Extramriy 
quiet Kqhty racoffnnmM. 
£200pw. 1 yr Ca U. 01-229 996G 

Please romaci Suzanne Con- FWO BQ) *411 LU *° let 
way al Saunders of Kensington Hurllngham Gardens SW6- 
nn sal vjv large double bedatters. lo let 

fridge, large cooker, fined car- 

pets, linen, free laundry, no 

parking meter*. £72 A £82 pw 

COUNTRY STYLE mews house Ol 731 0497 

SW7. IO mins Kensington Gar- I 

dens. Designer decorated S 

bedrooms, targe reception. — — — ______ 

kitchen A bathroom. The best ** ‘ c ***ff! la YOWWIWUSE 

available al Hus pnce. 1 year 
Company let £190 pw Tet. 
S8d 6966 

lARMCAM. Luxury 1st fir Rat In 
presligMJUs development over- 
looking Ihe River with 1 dble 
bed. Ige L shaped rerep diner, 
lilted ktl. bath and w.c with 
car space addlUanaL £260 pw 
Lynams. 789 5004 

NR WIW50B bi delightful 
Oomey village. 16th century 
I arm house lull ot character 4 
bedroom* curtains and carpets, 
new luxury kitchen, sun room, 
patio and garden. £>.850 p.c m. 
Telephone Palmer 06286 4638 

(urn. all elec spacious s c flat 
Halt, lounge diner, dbl barm, 
filled kiL balh. lolleL P O Tel. 
pari use garden A car park. 
Good pub I rant, tnc rental £356 
pem. Refs mod. 01674 5294 

in aotet Mew* off Martebooe 
High St 2 bed. 2 reception. 
k&B. Beautifully appointed. 

£290 dw neg. Co LeL NO Agents. 1 
Mrs O'Kenncdy 01629 4463 , 
office. 586 1260 after 7pm I 

nMied 2 bed Ital. use of garden, 
•deal for a family with cfrikL 
serviced. 6 months renewable. 
£170 per week. Co let. Tel Ol 
686 8828 after 6.00 pm. 

KENSINGTON Luxury garden flat 
tastefully furnished, very well 
equipped, large rece p t i o n . 1 
double bedroom, paa c h. Co lei 
prelerred £150pw Tet Halcy- 
on 104381 367891 

LAN C A S TER BATE Mews House. I 
2 double beds, luxury kitchen | 
and balh. studio roam A ter- i 
race. Company Long Let £575 j 
pw. No Agents. TeLO 1-262 
2976 or 01-584 2827 

ftJSt /«nUy| CHISWI CK . Beautiful newly dec 

homes for Company or Embas- 
sy rentals, available from nod 
month Kevnold Properly Man- 
agement: Ol 733 4681 

F-WSAAF (Management Ser- 
vient Ud require propert i es ui 
central souih and wot London 
areas tar wailing apphcants-Oi 
221 8838 

orated targe 2 bed ItaL pine 
fumnuie. company let 
proffered £120 pw OL 748 

■NBL1C0 2 bed gro u nd floor raw. 
large lounge /fcM ehu i (newly ra- 
ted and anracttxety decoraML 
all mod con* tv. nano. £170 
pw. 01-862 8810/01 630 07*7 

UnGHTSBRHME Short let. Fan I 
lasuc value Superb serviced I DULWICH Lmefy 4 bed Edwardf- 

ftat Highest calibre. I Bed. 
Rerep. KJB £330pw 
Aytesford & Co Ol 361 2383 

an family house “Uh gmv Close 
village and school* Long let 
£180 pw TeLOl 761 0444 

W12 LUX 8 Bed (urn hse m v pry I KDLBURN Freshly decorated and 

uurrl street Fully equipped ktl I 
and bathroom plus garden, cen- 
tral healing, but sharer* CoJ 
tel Tef 01 749 3368 


mo nal m private house, studio 
room Ktl B'latL Balhrm. toe 
Roof Terrace. £100pw idc 
CH CHW Coates 828 8251 

PUTNEY Large 4 bedroom flal. 
fullv furnished. 2 bathrooms. 
GCH. good Kxallon. Prof or Co 
tel prelere d £660 pem APPD 
01 785 6401 wesangs i 

turn ital. 3 rm K 5 B. ch. com- 
panv let only Cl* aU amenities. 
E12QPW Tef.486 1908 am only 

property available Personal 
service 01 465 6086 anytime 
•T). , 

ST fDHMS WOOD. Luxurtoo* L 
bed roomed furnished RaL Com- 
pany lei £140 per week TeL 
01289 8719 

IWU COTTAGE Soprt tax 
limy rum 2 bed flat, 
lounge diner futtv m kitchen 
£22000 pw Tel Ol 328 8845. 

vv Cow hoys and all theatres Ol 
701 8283 

cl* available Rmende scan Tef 
Ol 938 2926 

CATS, CHESS, Les Mis All Ihe 
alre and sprat Tel 631 5719 
657 1715 411 mam entail 

chipped in vane 2arach Sale 
Grosirnor So Ol 491 2706 


Figurines animals, etc want 
ed Ot 833 0024 


Collector in England Interested 
lo purrnose Australian paarn 
tags lor rash Most Interested m 
me following .Ml tMs Fred Wil 
Uam* Arthur Boyd. Sail 
Herman Sidney Nolan. Lloyd 
Rem Dobell and Drysdale In 
to rested Sellers Please Contact 
Mr James Ervhlrir Eversley 
>0734-1 7521 58 




2 out of 3 people 
over 65 In the UK 
are sufferers 

Piraa*. aiLmoboaloktifia amt 
AU tmuPdpmmtiitHilKn 


tl E»0r Sin-ei London MC1R4AR 

Wandsworth, or n * £160 

non Tel- Ol 824 8345. ®s CnnHime d BO pose 35 

UPTON PK 20 mm. Bank sin F - 

n s. atrracr o r s El 10 6 £122 — 

PV No Ebbs Mike 470 0220 p C\T A T *v 

W8 Prof iMi 23* ji s.10 Hue 1st M.1 UMO 

floor flat O R £135 pem excl ■ - ■ - ■ ■■■ — 

—T 1 ? °?* ,w LOOKING for Ihe best (U. do 

SWISS CCJTTACE do you have 

excellent laste? want spaaous. ' 

well litted 3 bed — . . -, r ., 

rt central good for iramporr? * wl 1 ^y* ^***^- 11 Large sludki 

*14 RUSSEL ROAD F share 
large room m lux flal £162 50 
pm inclusive 603 3882 Eve* 


Ptex. house m London? 
£100 1 OOOpw Call 589 5481 

For £200 pw Td: Ol 431 1263 

WANTED. I rgmliy rcuuired nice 
5 'bedim hse or toe dal in pref 
WI 1. VvBor Chetsra. Co lei 1 Vr 
- Please call Ol 221 0962 or 
01 493 6188 

MUS1WELL HILL. Prof M. 25 + 
n * Lae rm m spacious lux hse ■ ... — — 

CH £55 pw Tel. 01444 7786 

St JAIME'S Lux mod Iran studio. WANTED. 3 5 beds- houses or 

newly renovated and turn h A 
B S C. rn Off SI parking. EH 
phone. £100pw 496 1908 am 

WOODFORD GREEK. 3 bed hse. 
ky lounge, b fast rm. gdn. fur , 
rushed, rb to all amemlie* 
£180 pw 109081 605585 eve 

K and B. nil r 120.00 pw aO oenHv req long term tar 2 

Inc Tel 01 437 7519 manic Ini Cranoratlon PU*r 

SWIO Newty decoraied studio **”• £* 
flat, c H- suit professional per 3--2 8I11 L sual fee* reraured 
■son £85 pw Tel Ol 352 8806 — 

S>Sraiifl?siirL Davis KENT- Encfxentinq eotiage In 
acS’&S nm ■ fmzunful rountrystoe. Ora- now 

I Woolie & CM 402 7381 
WWnfLEDON AREA. Gd setae Hon 
hses flats No fee lo tenants 
Will tarns 3 Son 947 3130 


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(Bal'd 1969) 

J*> Sooih !jl Epsom Surrcv 
lOTITI 274WI2S5J1M-7I09/ 
»5l 9/MU2, 26097 

KENSINGTON £1*5 pw Excel “J? £2" | + 

lenl spacious fully furntshed H ™ p J' rt 

g-iriton flat 2 bedroom* Sul I 2 Aradnow^Li SOCgiw Ben ham 
persons Ol 603 9066 *622 


bed house select roraL lullv Pk Owe* SI. free parking. 2 dble 

I ana on 2 wstwohv AialUUr 
N-Msmorr £360 pem Tef 
f " Ptaxiol >07321 810584 
SHORT LETS Fabulous mt design 
am in Krai 3 Receos. 3 Bed* a- 
Dress Rm 2 Balh*. Hune Kit 
A>ail now £i 600nw Ben ham 
A Reeves 938 3523 


Syrirwy £455 £833 

Auckland £415 £745 

JoSurg £306 £4» 

Bangkok E229 £375 

Tal Am £i09 £199 

New York £169 £320 

Los Angeles £216 £405 

01-370 6237 

bed house select road, fully 

f «i m. Beta, km or company l*« J, ."Jf ■ W 

£145pw Ko Agents. 868 5890 49» > ISS n<~ torn] On Let No 

LAROC S BED 5CML Merton .SSSijL 1 '?!. 30 ** „ 

pdiv 2 rpfrn, A iMlh. pipfry nil! IBCAN Bank morally w- 
qtU i EOOOpw Trt HonWrom 

Unrai* Ol 946 9447 from C2W £1.000 p%» Riob 

raSPSic n£Tcate. L«h. i« 

nr bale Hal wiUa lifl. 2 bed *y»B ARJ HOW Luxury nab A 

British Heart Foundation 

The heart research charity. 

102 Gloucester Place, 
London wih 4 DH. 

fir bale Hal wilh bfl. 2 bed 
Asad now IO 12 month tel 
CldO pw Tel 01 727 3601 
Pf B FLAT. 2 bed. lari*' kit. gge 
West VsinUMedon. £142 pw 
Tet Home (rom Home 01946 

937 SGB1 The number to rviiieiu 
bra when seeking beta rental 
properties in central and prune 
London aovs £150. £2 -OOOpw 
Balm A Co hasp a targe seler 
ikni of flats av art lor UD 0 m> + 
fra |wk* Tel Ol 499 1665 
WANTED. Prof M seeks * r 
arcom nr Central fine from 
2S 8uptoC3Spw Tef 072683 
2740 eves 

recep. 1st flrftal £200 pw Tef 
Home from Home 01-946 

CHELSEA Light Iw balcony Ital 
Date bed rerep. bus. porters 
£195 pw Long let 622 582B 
CHELSEA. 5 bed. 2 balh family 

house with garage £400 pw 
Andre Larvmivir 491 7822 
CROUCH END. Close lo Highgate 
1 oedrm Ital £400 petn Min 1 
war 341 7212 

CBMBUNCH Onual fkM lor 
Common v-T-jlih Games Tef 
041 9S9 2075 6 9 pm 
£5.000 pw lor short A tong tela 01 431 3191 
Week to 3 Months from £300 to 
C3.000 pw 01 9J7 9681 
KENSUWTON WS Ur* IM ft fit i 
dbfe tea Win * brand new 
tut. £185 pw me 01938 2395 
bieiton Cl so pw Trt Home 
from Home Ol 94© 9447 

bouses Clirhrj Kmgiutbridae 
Belgravia £200 £T^OOpw 
Tef Burgess SB 1 5136 
4 BED HOUSE. 2 balh. 2 rerep 
Wimbledon £300 pw Co Irt 
Tel Home from Home Ol 946 

■OH A BUT CHO P F lor luxury 
PI Opel liex in St Johns Wood. Re 
pills Pars. Manta Vole. Swiss 
Cotl A Hampstead Ol 586 7£©| 
CHELSEA: Rrdcuffe Gardens 
Large LumoB Studio Fulls- 
EouHKMta ThreuLMtooul £120 
per wees Tej. Ol 363 0489 
>2 dblei Ital with gdn Just re 
furbevhed E1SO pw Ol 499 
718l>Oi 6T& 3703 ieves-1 
1 st and 2 nd floor man 4 begs. 
?naflr>.gasC H £325 PW 9ja 
3425 Lawson A Herman 
immaculale 2 dfbte 8L !•- 
firths, super new kitchen £275 
dw W T.P Ot 935 9512 
, dockland* Houses and flab 
■hronghoul (he MrMaMv area 
lo lei Docklands Properly Cen 
■re 01 -488 4852 
FULHAM. Newly modernised 
ground floor (Ml with toe <aar 
den. 2 douMe Oeds hr lubes 
tloO pw Tet rji 385- torn 
FULHAM. Excl ground floor Hat 
wilh toe odn 2 dble brerv. reren 
kiiBharh Co lei £160 nw Sid 
livau Thdmav 731 1333 
flal Ret Kit A Bam Avail Dow 
until end Aug CldO met pw 
Ben ham 8 Reeves 938 3522 
KEKNMGrOH. Bnghl newly dec 
mats in gmei st vr rote l dm 2 

SCO beds N S com prof Uo& 
p w Trt 01 673 3321 

luily furmshed ftal C300OW 
Lanoon A Pins: Ol 930 0633 

lux flats houses: £200 £1000 

pw Llual lees req. PtUlhpx 
Key A Lews. South of me Parte 
Owtvea office. Ol 552 81 1 1 or 
North of Ihe Park Regent's 
Park office. Ol 586 9882 
part 2 bedroom paoo flat 
Immaculate Dishwasher mt- 
erowave. washer dryer, etc 
Long or short let Go tel pre- 
ferred. £216 pw Teh Ol 362 
1690 or 01 589 8122 
KEMSMCTON SWS. Ideally locat- 
ed in quirt rcadential area near 
lube. 1 bedroomed llai war use 
of eornmunal garden, fulty 
mumped kuchen. auaNty fur- 
ncshings. video security CH. 
lei C120pw 244 7353 
LARGE SELECTION of property* 
in me Vfi mb te do n area avail, 
able lor lonp lets. £100 lo 
HOME PMS Lid. 92 Htph SI. 
SX ig Trt Ol 946 9447 or 947 
721 1 24 hours 

F U L H AM Charming wrtl pre- 
seiiled ground flora flat wilh 
uaiden Double be d ro o m, sitting , 
room and dmuig room 
Ll 1 5 OO n w Please letrohone 
049 17 26 1 after 2 cm 
ISLINGTON hmrr Lonaoa bed- i 
Ml. fullv srrvlced. CH. b fast. ' 
eD ffuiventenros. l.v lounge. ' 
uinrt house Mof male 26 * 

viin 6 months. Non smoker ; 
Reis. £40.00 pw TM22o BS79 
currently seeking good quality 
rental accommodation m 
rmirai London for waning 
company tenants Ol 937 9e8i 
CLAPHAM. Pretty 4 Bed family 
house dose Com m on ideal s 
sharers w«n ro let al £40 pw 

rorti i£200> Buchanan* 351 

oral ftal Period eom 2 Bath* 
Pretty Refen Kil iVvash Macro 
tSOOpw Ben bam A Reeves 
938 3822 

E A LING SpaclMB. nkdure 4 Bed 
family house 2 Rev ran. s 
Baths. Kn wan nil marh Gge 

Gdn £350pw Ben ham 6 
Reevwi 938 S622 
FULHAM DeMMIUI targe 1 Bed 
Art Recently rrder ktecep KH 

6 Brth Gonvemcnl *noin A 
nansporr Ci55pw Benluur A 
fl raxes 938 3522 
JUST SOUTH OT The River Very 
Mtacicuf ugm a homrty l Bed 
Garden flat Avail Aug for tong 
lei C9SOW BurbaiMiB. 351 

Mitchell Platts on the 10 leading contenders at Tumberry 

Lyle can build on recent success 


Sandy Lyle 

Age: 28. Bone Shrew 
Turned profe s sio na l: 
victories: One. 

Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Height 6ft lin. Weight 13st 5b. 
lionafc 1977. Career wins: 19. ChsnpronsMps: One. 1888 

Confirmed rich abffity by winning 12 months ago. Assisted by 
unflappable nature as mirrored by his sofid two-putt after the 18th green 
drama of a weak chip. A worthy Open champion who has 
remained level-beaded throughout hfs reign. Victory at Floyai St George's 
increased his faith in his own game. Gained an important breakthrough 
in March when he won the Greater Greensboro Open on the US circuit 
Even Nicklaus marvels at Lyle's incraSbte strengt-. . He 
can hit the one iron further than many can hit their drivers. No stranger to 
Tumberry where he won the European Open in 1979. Wbre Wellington 
boots when, aged three, he struck his first shot an astonishing 80 yards. 

*- — . . S'*. 

Nick Faldo 

Age; 29. 

Bone Welwyn Garden City. • 
HeMifc 6ft 3in. 

We^ht: 14SL 

Ttmed pro f U ssl onat 1976. 
Career wins: 12. 
Championships: None. 

1986 vi c tori es : None. 
Mademnooth switch from 
amateur ranks to professional 
arena. Hat not 
enjoyed same success with 
fundamental change to swing 
but he is much happier with 

new arc achieved by tanning 

the blade to gata greater 
con sist e n cy. His tmdMed, 
tormenting times could 
be ove r. Possesses happy 
knack of producing 
optimum pertonaances on 
tides. Won two of three PGA 
Championships at St Andrews 
and Royal St George's. Lyle’s 
victory last near 
means he a no tonger charged 
8fith the pressure of trying to 
become Britain's first cham pion 
since Jackfin ki 1969. 

Raymond Floyd 

AflK 43- 

Bone Fort Bragg. North Carofina. : 

HetgM: 6ft lin. ■ 

WefcJit 14st 4b. 4 

Turned PTOfessionab 1961: ; 

Caroer victories: 24. 
ChampioRshbra: FOur. ' 

1908 victories: One. 

Victory bUS Open last month a - 

lesson to younger contenders. A 

^^tSteSften seatjnsalf . 
a strict game plan. Tears flowed 
after latest win though it was 
champagne (hiring 
formative years on tour. Gained 
roWng" pteyBrbutfe Hfestyiewas : 
mitrageously ' 

exaggerated. Now a conservative 
eider statesmen of the game ~ 

rather than a go-tor-broke goiter. 
However, heestik 
regarded as the “Toughest man on 
Tuesdays" because of side- ■ - 

stakes success in practice rounds. 
Requires victesy this week - 

to Kmiptete fuflcoBoction " 
of major charaptoreMps.' 

-V ( . 

■: , • 



I - 


Howard Clark 

Age: 31. 

Bene Leeds, Yorkshire. 

Height Gft lin. 

Weight: 13st8lb. 

Turned profes si o na fc 1973. 

Career victories: Nine. 
Championships: None. 

1986 victories: Two. 

Removed Bngering doubts over 
longevity with cofneback victories 
in ‘(984 after six-year 
stump. Clark is a stuefous exponent 
busting with talent but at- 
tires ne Is his own 
worst enemy. Can (flute his 
prospects by losing concentration 
and composure. He must keep 
a cod he«i this week if he is 
to succeed. Possesses power 
and the precision to find the 
target with tvs irons. The orriy 
question mark, {marl from 
temperament, is his putting. A 
former British- Boys-'- - - - ■ 

champion who played In Walker 
Cup and then joined exclusive 
'dub' by graduating to Ryder 
Cup level 

Lee Trevino 

Age: 46. 

Bom: Dates, Texas. 

Height 5ft 7m. 

Weight 12st 12K). 

Turned protes sion at 196a 
Career victories: 36. 
Championships: Six. 

1986 victories: None. 

Charismatic c ha racter who 
^ves back to the game as much 
as he takes out Honed 
soring by gambling fur peso s t h en 
bunched career t»r 

n otc hi ng hrat win m 1968 US Open. 
Shuck by Ightoma in 1975 
Western Open which led to buck 
problems and surgery. 

Restricts practice sessions to a 

ntimmum to reduce 
recurrence of ailment Comp to led 
emotional charged comeback 
1984. Com b ine s '■ * 
townamant He now wBh career as 
commentator tar NBC on 
nationwide American TV. Works 
the bati from left to right 
with famBfav open-stance. Short 
game is as sharp as las wit 

Jack Niddaus 

Age; 46. 

Bone Coknnbus, Ohio. 

Wefe* I2st 12tos. 
Career victories: 71. .. 
Ch amp ionsh ips. 20. 

1986 victories: One. 

The greatest golfer in the 
game's history and a supreme 
athlete hi the arena of sport His 
resfience under pressure is 
remarkable.' Emphasized that 
attribute again fn wrnreng the '• 
US Masters in April for a record- 
sixth time. No peer hi the art of 
course management 
and still regarded asdriebfthe- - 
strongest players- '■ 
throtnh tna entire range oi dubs, 
thou^i speda&zes in, striking 
superb snots wHh long irons. 
Reqained his puttteg touch with 
assistance of.larger-than- 
normal imdlemera enjoyed at 
Augusta. A new, compaa 
swing has ensured longevity 
and he is a master in ratting 
greens in regulation. 

Greg Norman . 

Age: 31. 

Bone Queensland, Austrafia. 

Height 6 ft Im. - 
Weight 13st 3ta. 

Turned profe ssi onal: 1976. . . 
Career victories: 37. 
Championsh ips. None. 

-1986- victories: Two. 

Ni ck nam ed the “Greet White 
Sharif because he grew up on 
Queensland's Gold 
Coast- Htiafiy planned a career as 
apaotlntheRoyafAu s trsSan. 

Ak Rirce then became attached to 
golf after las mother x 

asked Kim to carkSa lor bar. The t 
eon of amink^eminear soon 
found a rich vein to torintof- - • 
wkming the totii (ouraament in 
which he played use - 
professional. Blosso m ed as a > 
pow e r p teyo r— and stii regarded 
as one to the biggesUtittora in 
the g a me -but 
acknowtadgad toe need to 

jntem a tiqnai star but ta cks an 
dupoilant cha m pion « h ip wfa. 

Tom Watson 

Age: 36. 

Bom: Kansas City, tufissourL 
Height 5ft Bins. 

Weight list 61b. 

Turned profassloiiab 1971. 

Career victories: 38. 
Ch ampio n sh ip s. Eight 
1986 victories: None. 

Continues to dommata 
courses from tee to seen but be 

is seardting for a saqr 

putting touch. 

Reconstructed swing now 
working in his favour. Driven by 
inspiration, ol which there 
shoidd be no shortage 
this week as he can equal 
Harry Vardan's record of six Open 
Championship wins. 

Strength enables him to escape 
from me thickest 
rough, attbough equity adept at 
exeemtog adroit recoveries. 

Most fanmus escape came to 1982 
US Open when he chipped 
in at pen u l tim a te hole for 
an audacious Untie two to 
edge out Nicklaua. 


Bernhard Langer 

t Germany. 

Look closely and you wfll spot 
Langer’s oray superstition - tie 
marks IBs ball on the * 

greens with a German coin. Little 
distracts Langer and it is 
his unwavering concentration that 
te partly responsible for 

his elevation to the higher echelons 
of the game. Langer*s rise 
has been wefl documented from the 
time, at the age ol nine, he 
walked to the local 
course arel almost Immediately 
decided that he woidd make a 
career in golf. His Wends 
scoffed afhte ambition 
but Langer’s de t ermination and 
desire won the day. His victory in 
the US Masters last year 
proved he has the nerve to beat the 
world's finest goiters. 

Severiano Ballesteros 

winagwiaraOpenfw fear of aggravating a bat* 

' nowandtes swita off the tee than in his youth 

P&SS e ^S^!5? SS8<: ^ r 1 ® nce AnwW 

Rwnwr . Has Innate abMity to execute the most exquisite shots. Beimver in 
destiny but superstitious only in wearing navy Wueon last ra ' BBrawHrm 

Si a JSSlTOr!t 5 ^ 31 Phre91 PUtt ^ )! 




MRon Koynn 4fl. S*0«80orauQn 38. S8W 
Ketawt: K Wrt» (Luton Koyneu X U Doran 
tUttSascrough hokter) 


®iWBB8akr , ' a 


* * 

y* . 




X iiViLj 1 a* J i .V W — > a 1 / 1 Vv 


Chance for Mtoto to 
regain winning touch 

Greg LeMond, designated by 
Bernard Hinault as his eventual 
successor when the American 
joined ms team six years ago , 
finally, proved his immcrae 
pownual yesterday. by winning 
the I 3 ib stage of the Tourde 

Lemond won the stage by 
Jhaa a minute from Rob- 
ert Millar who rode brav 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 
If form at the highest level Sandown, Beverley and 

it iorm at the highest level Sandown, Beverley and 
means anything at all, Mtoto Warwick, 
shwild win the Conway Stakes Stewart and his South AfH- 
at Yarmouth today and he is can jockey, Michael Roberts, 
my nap. After losing his can complete a double by 
maiden tag in great style at winning the E Perrier Maiden 
Haydock in June, Alec Slakes with WjudJh, who ran 
Stewarts Busied colt then Bright As Night to a length on 

took a considerable step up in 
class and contested the King 
Edward VII Stakes at Royal 

Although he failed to finish 
in the money, Mtoto was far 
from disgraced. At the end he 
was less than five lengths 
behind the winner. Bonhomie, 
who went on to finish second 

both won since; the former at 

his seasonal reappearance at 
Nottingham. That form is 
better than anything today's 
rivals can boast 
Now that he has finally got 
his act together after an exas* 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: H Cad. 20 wkmara from 48 

11.7%; G Harwood. 23 from 91. 

Stouts, 18 (ram 90. 20.0%. 

Jt f Quinn. 11 winners tram 49 
fldu, 2243%; W R SwtnDum, 22 from IQS. 

iL 1 GSttrkay.22 from 116. 1911%. 

Chepstow where he woo the yaruouth 

Welsh Derby, the lauer at tkamers; h cko. 6t wtrowro from ise 
York Iasi Saturday. nym aa.t%: a ssevwut, b from 3Z. 

Mtoto os^lyjooked real- 

ly well last Wednesday when I «as. zs.3%; r &>«*. 12 from 73 . ia4%.- 
saw him gallop with great zest M M * te, • 12 ^Si'rnu 

" NCW_ THAWERa-J^to^ftDm 
market and he is now a aa rumen 
confident selection to beat Sir ®namr£ 

Percy and Magic Slipper. 2 so **** iaow; J Bieieaaia. is from 

Sir Percy was backed to win L m 

the Derby after winning his ■ ■ ■ 

maiden at Newbury in ApriL perating run of seconds, AJ- 
However, his limitations were hert Hall looks a fair bet 10 
then exposed in the Chester beat the recent course and 
Vase and the Predominate distance winner, Sams Wood, 
Stakes at Goodwood and he * n Eastern Evening News 
did not even make Epsom. Racing Club Handicap. 

This, then, will be his first race Linavos, the first winner for 
tor eight weeks. his first-season trainer, Willie 

Magic Slipper is beautifully- Brooks, and the apprentice, 
bred but certainly no world- John Bray, can give both a 
beater if judged on her form at welcome second taste of suc- 

M Mttar. 12 (ram 88. 130%. 


TRAINERS: M Prescott. 23 urtiws from 
88 nnwi. 235%; C Thornton. 12 from 
64. l&SVP Hsstam. 19 from 102. 1BlB%. 
jockeys: G Outfield. 46 urtnerx from 
250 ride*. I&0%; J Bleawfeta. 13 (mm 





cess in the Fred Armstrong 
Apprentice Handicap. Since 
winning at Folkestone, 
Linavos has run well in all his 
subsequent races at Redcar, 
Lingfiekl and Nottingham. 

At Kempton, Quick Snap, a 
six-length winner at Lingfield 
last Saturday, loots capable of 
beating the Sal is bury wi oner, 
Morewoods, in the EBF Wil- 
low Stakes. My selection has 
run poorly only once and as 
that was in the Windsor Castle 
Stakes at Royal Ascot, allow- 
ances should be made. Since 
then blinkers have sharpened 
him considerably. 

The Oak Handicap looks a 
good opportunity for Block- 
ade to win again, now that 
Richard Quinn will be on him 
once more. He was ridden by 
an apprentice at Nottingham 
last month when be was 
disqualified after passing the 
post first. Earlier in the season 
Blockade was up to beating 
the useful Kudz at Thirsk. 

Green Ruby and Rayhaan 
should both go well in the Prix 
Hippodrome D’Eyry, a sprint 
handicap over six furlongs, 
but 1 still doubt the ability of 
either to beat Perfect Timing 
with Pat Eddery in the saddle. 

My selection ran well at 
Royal Ascot to finish third in 
the Wokingham Stakes and 
again did well at Newmarket 
shortly afterwards when filling 
the same place in the race won 
by Manimstar, who had fin- 
ished in front of him in the 

Midway Lady leads 
strong fillies’ 
entry for St Leger 

By Christopher Goulding 

The excellent recent record of 
fillies in the oldest classic, the St 
Leger. coukl be further im- 
proved at Doncaster on Septem- 
ber 13. Three fillies — 
Dunfermline. Sun Princess and 
Oh So Sharp — have won the St 
Leger in the Iasi 10 years and 

there is a strong representation 
for this year's race. 

and Untold, who was (insulted 
by the testing conditions in the 
Irish Oaks on Saturday but had 
previously finished second in 
the Oaks behind Midway Lady. 
Jim Bolger, the Irish trainer, will 
be represented by Park Express, 
who found her form in style 
recently when winning the Lan- 
cashire Oaks from Mul On The 

Henry Cecil without a classic 

win this season, has a strong 
hand with nine entries. His 
principal hopes must rest with 
Bonhomie, Mash tour. Queen's 
Soldier and Verd-Antique. his 
highly-rated Shirley Heights 

Guy Harwood, who has sad- 
dled two thirds and a second in 
three Derbys this season, wifi be 
hoping for a change of luck from 
one of his seven entries. They 
are AfJez Milord, Bafcharofl. 
Bel dale Star, Cox Green. 
Knights Legend. White Clover 
and Zahdanu 

Besides Untold, Michael 
Stouie has his dual Derby 
winner, Shahrastani. and 
Danishgar entered as he at- 
tempts to win his fifth classic of 
the year. Dick Hern, who has 
saddled the St Leger winner six 
times, has entered Family 
Friend. Fanaan. New Trojan 
and White Reef. 

Cocotte off the mark 

Cocotte. who looked a good ragh but she was taken out wh 

Perion, who seeks his fifth victory of the season in the Prix 
Hippodrome d’Evry at Kempton this afternoon (40) 







filly in the making last year, 
belatedly got off the mark at 
Bath yesterday when outclassing 
her rivals in the Limpley Stoke 
Maiden Fillies Slakes. 

The daughter of Troy was 
made 11-10 favourite and beat 
the consistent While It Lasts by 
10 lengths, lowering the course 
record, which had stood for 
seven years, by three-fifths of a 
second in the process. 

Dick Hern dearly still thinks 
a lot of his one-time Oaks 
prospect as he has her entered 
for next month's soup one 
Yorkshire Oaks. Only last 
month. Hern sent Cocotte to 
Ireland to ran in the group two 
Pretty Polly Stakes at the Car- 

ragh but she was taken out when 
her intended jockey, Brian 
Rouse, was injured 34 hours 

Every Effort repaid a debt to 
his rider, Chris Rutter, when 
gaining a convincing victory 
over Rockmartin in the I Cl 
Rosecfear Handicap. **/ suppose 
he owed me that one," said 
Rutter, who picked up a 12-day 
suspension after finishing first 
on Every Efron at Epsom on 
Oaks day. 

Sugar Palm ended a frustrat- 
ing run of three seconds and 
continued the good form of 
Richard Hannon, the Marl- 
borough trainer, when beating 
Ballet Champ by two lengths in 
the Hamilton Handicap. 


111' 3: 

















mam & 








as as 


; weak spot 

' ByJohn Watson 

t The British Open Cbampipn- 
bbip for the Davi doff Gold Cup, 
Inow in its last week, continued 
son the River ground at Cowuiay 
Sussex yesterday with the 
c one match between the 
ian Ronaldo de Lima $ 

















Yarmouth results 

Goteg: good to fimi 

2.15 (60 1. DUTCH AUCTION (T 






na aaaiBa 











Britannic Assurance 

(11.0. 110 overs) . 

SOUTHEHP: Essex vLw« 
NEATH; Glamorgan v Worcs 
BRISTOL- aoucs vSifisat 

mRir&Middtesaxv Somerset 


uw^SCV: Notts v Yorkshire 
nCOWL' Surrey vKent 



4 42 B HONS FUTURE W Rguros S-13 



! Ewfy Wednesday, 7-1 LMa pto^bss. 1B-i ottwre. 


»r »w 



./v - mm 


Blinkered first time 

KEMPTON: 130 Dutf. 4J Useful. Fruity 

YARHO&TH: 2.45 Oriental Jade. 

SSS^N?%Sf J Fftwheet 8.45 
Stoit fiufrtng. 9.15 Sewn Has. 

• Lucky Blake is unified" " 
in the Ruthetglen 
Stakes at Hamilton tonight un- 
less there is rain. 

• Tom Kemp saddled his first 
Flat winner when Nanor ran on 
too strongly for the odds-on 
favourite. Music Review, in the 
FastQlff Selling Stakes at Yar- 

Who's looking 
silver claret jug 

the sold, silver and bronze and the 
Kins's Ransom? 

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Soyout gather we’re pretty good at keeping an eye on trophies, medaie - 

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Incompetent England 
put to shame by 
New Zealand’s spirit 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

HEADINGLEY: Sew Zealand chop him on and had Wright 
beat England by 47 runs. caught at the wicket. Richards 

England's batting touched had a rather mixed day. It was 
new depths of incompetence a very good catch off the 
in the first of the two Texaco inside edge that accounted for 
Trophy one-day intemation- Wright, but off the next boll he 
als yesterday. Needing 218 to let off Coney down the leg 
win, across a parched outfield side, a difficult chance but 
and on a presentable enough decidedly catchable. 
pitch, they were bowled out In the event. Coney's bat- 
for 1 70. ting was a revelation. Coming 

As one after another of the new Zealand — 

England side was run out. b a Edgar owe Faster!-!-. a 

more through loss of nerve or — ?! 

sheer inefficiency than md crowe bBfcon 9 

through desperate urgency. " J v coney ™ out — w 

the crowd of lSoOO left them r j 1 ? 

in no doubt what they thought e jcray ** out 30 

about iL It happened, too, 

after England had made a Eatraa0bi8.w7.nb3) za 

promising start to their in- Total 16 wkts. 55 mn) 217 

nings, holding off Hadlee in 
his opening spell, with no 5 - 112 . 6 - 138 . 7 - 165 . 8 - 167 . 
and beine 70 

tor two at tea. Emburey fl -0-30-0: Goocti <H>-20-0. 

But as India did more often England 

than not New Zealand played S l* 

quite simply the better cricket. *o 1 Goww b coney ie 

Not only that. They played it « 

with more Spirit and CharaC- □ r pnngiec Ruiwhord tTciray 28 

ter. Besides the run-outs, y 001 - — g 

which accounted for Lamb, r M^S sonroJ oS^llZZZZr '12 

Richards and Ellison, there — — 5 

was about several of England's G eKS jj 3 

other dismissals a basic lack of Total (482 owrtj vro 

application. fall of wickets: i-38. 2-as. 343 . 4- 

It was a bold decision of {ft* 131 - 10 - 
Coney's to tat when he won bowung: Hadlee 9 . 2 - 0 - 29 - 2 . ctiatfisk 1 
the toss, and at 54 for four 

after 20 overs it looked like a Umpires: J Bttimnstaw and B J Mayer. 

powerful shy hitting the 
bowler’s wicket. Hadlee was 
going nicely when Dilley had 

foolhardy one. Batsmen usual- 
ly prefer to be in the field these 
days on the first morning at 
Headingley, and those New 
Zealander's who had not been 
there before soon knew why. 
Even at Foster's pace the ball 
moved about enough for the 
occasional one to be barely 
playable. There was a real 
chance hereabouts that New 
Zealand would be bowled out 
for very few. 

Aftfer Edgar had been leg 
before to Foster in the fourth 
over, Wright and Rutherford 
did well to get through the 
next 10 overs before Ellison 
took three quick wickets. Hav- 

a very goal catch off the him |eg 7 before, making it 138 
inside edge that accounted for s ‘* in th e 42nd over. But 
Wright, but off the next ball be Crowe the elder was finding it 
let off Coney down the leg ^ enough by now and there 
side, a difficult chance but were some useful runs to come 
decidedly catchable. from Gray and Bracewell. 

In the event. Coney's bat- Gray is clearly a useful an- 
ting was a revelation. Coming rounder, good enough to have 

scored a century for Welling- 

BAEtorn^F^r! 0 . o in !** Shell Trophy and 

jGwrfihtc Refund bason zi takeneightfor37forWelling- 

ton against Canterbury. 

•jv coney run out z? England began too well for 

R J i^S, C h^&^ FoB,or ?? their own good. After two or 

e j Gray no? outZ.ZZ Z Z. 30 three sumptuous drives 

,2 Gooch played on, going for 

Extras pb is. w 7. riTsV.—ZZ-".' zs another. Benson, as he did 

Total ie wkt*. 55 owns) 2i7 twice in the last Test match 

e j ctatfmd not bat against India, got out when he 

^SMttS* 3 *** should have gone on. hitting 
bowling. Mey n-1-37-1: Foster 9-i- Bracewell obligingly to mid- 
27-2; Pringle 9-0-42-0; EKson T 1-1-43-3: on 

“"■y "*B£3» Gower went soon after tea, 

g a Gooch b Hadiee is bowled paying insufficient at- 

TD?to!w?b cSwy* 1 ^ Bw0 '^ ■ fa tention to Coney’s gentle me- 

a j Lame mn out ... Zi.ZZ 1" 33 dium pace and three overs 

i> M R W pSlRS2UiraaT=ffl later Lamb was run out in a 

tcjRefedarunom s poor piece of cnckeL Lamb 

r .9 ran the tell down to short 

n a Foswr b Haffloe 5 third man and Gatting called 

G ^, ou1 ~ 2 him for what should have 

Total [482 own) — wo a comfortable single. 

fall of wickets: i-38. 2-48, 3-83. 4- Although Lamb showed no 
103.5-131.6-143.7-144, 8-162.9-165. io- enthusiasm for the run, 

bowung: Hadlee 92-0-29-2. chatfiski Gatting kept going with_ the 
8-2-240: Bracewell 11 -2-27-2: MD Crowe inevitable result 

Almost unrecognizable 

Umpires. J Bak enshaw and B J Meyer. without a helmet Pringle was 

in when a collapse was on the immediately dropped twice, at 
cards, he was off the mark the wicket off Gray and by 
with two cracking fours — a Coney off his own bowling, 
straight drive and a pull off Gatting, who had declared bis 
Ellison. He looked much less intentions by driving his seo- 

Lamb stoops, but fails to conquer (photograph: Andrew Variey) 

De Freitas on the rampage 

like a good number seven, 
which he was when we saw 
him here last than a Test 
batsman to be reckoned with. 
By lunch he and Jeff Crowe 
had taken New Zealand to 1 12 
for four after 36 overs. It had 
been a good morning’s cricket 
with credit to both sides. The 
1 0 overs shared by Pringle and 
Gooch and costing 45 runs 
had helped to level things up. 

Off the first ball of the 

ing clean-bowled Rutherford, afternoon Coney was run out 

hitting at the pitch of the ball, ^'5 J° A V* V 
he caused Martin Crowe to shortish mid-wicket Gatung s 

Boyd-Moss and Cook 
rewrite record books 

By Peter Marson 

By the time Northamp- 
tonshire's batting had finished 
with Lancashire's bowling at 
Northampton, yesterday, and in 
truth, this was a rather one sided 
contest. Northamptonshire had 
amassed a huge pile of 400 runs 
before declaring, and Geoff 
Cook and Robm Boyd-Moss 
had established a new record 
partnership for the second 

Cook's 183 was his best 
performance, and that was true 
also of 155 by Boyd-Moss, and 
in their partnership together 
along the course or 90 overs 
these two eased past the pre- 
vious record, established in 
1983 by Larkins and Willey, and 
this too had been here against 
Lancashire at Northampton, to 

Having won the toss and 
chosen to bat, Northamp- 
tonshire's innings had been 
given a brisk start, in which 
Larkins and Cook had helped 
themselves to 30 runs off four 

At Edgbaston. Derbyshire's 
gamble of selecting Maher, their 
reserve wicket-keeper, as an 
opening batsman paid a useful 
dividend as he ana Barnett put 
on 99 for the first wicket against 
Warwickshire. Maher made his 
exit here, leg before to Small, but 
Bameu went on to make 77. 

Glamorgan decided to bat at 
Neath, but they were soon to 
lose Morris, their leading run 
maker this season, and Pauline, 
too, as Pridgeon and Radford 
won the first round for 

ond ball into the football stand 
for six, then survived a return 
chance to Gray. It made no 
difference. Still looking for the 
initiative, he was soon 
stumped, the ball turning 
enough for New Zealand to 
have had no regrets now that 
they batted firsL 

Another lamentable lack of 
communication led to Rich- 
ards being run-out next: he 
had completed more than half 
a run from a shot to short fine- 
leg before Pringle, the striker, 
had the slightest idea of iL 
Richards never looked like 
gening back. Emburey offered 
nothing and Ellison, the last 
Englishman with any realistic 
chance of saving the day, went 
in another elementary 

This time Foster was not 
alert to the possibility of a 
second ran after the tell had 
been played to long-off. Before 
departing. Ellison looked to 
shake a fist at his partner. 
Both being in helmets such a 
gesture needed to be visual. 
Like Ellison's call the spoken 
word might well have gone 
unheard. There were still 6.4 
overs left when Foster was last 
out Jeff Crowe was a worthy 
man of the match. 

SOUTHEND: Leicestershire, 
with four first innings wickets in 
hand lead Essex by one run. 

Essex, who are second in the 
table, eight points behind 
Gloucestershire, with two 
matches in hand, are sharing a 
gritty, low-scoring match with 
Leicestershire, who stand 
fourth: Essex by mid-afternoon 
were dismissed for 1 S3 and their 
opponents in turn struggled later 
to give the Southend Week an 
eventful start. 

The Southchurch Park pitch 
yielded little pace but on a hot. 

By Richard Streeton 

With Gooch. Pringle and 
Foster absent with England, and 
Fletcher still iqjured. Essex are 
uncomfortably weakened for 
this match. Pnchard declined to 
be inhibited and made numer- 
ous attractive, confident 
strokes, before he fell to Benja- 
min. trying to glance, just before 

Bonder was seventh out when 
'he attempted to drive De Freitas 
and edged the ball into his 
stumps. Bonier until then had 
looked impregnable. He will be 
badly missed if Essex are still in 

second slip and the bowlers 
remained in control. 

ESSEX: First tarings 

*B R Hanto c Potter b Beraantin 2 

J P Stephenson c Potter b De Ftotet 19 

PJ Pnctard tow b Benjamin 56 

A R Border b 08 Freitas 45 

AW Lfley few b Oe Freitas 0 

K R Pont c CBft b De Freitas 0 

.. Bristol in 
* the sun, 


By Alan Gibson 

BRISTOL: Gloucestershire have 
scored 323 for six against 

Sussex won the- toss and put 
Gloucestershire in. There was 
no obvious reason 1 for this. The 
pitch and the weather were dry, 
though there was some heavi- 
ness in the atmosphere. 

. Stovold was an early depar- 
ture, through injury, a knock on 
the fingers, but Wright and 
Tomlins batted equably and 
even .at times briskly ' through 
% the rest of the momma and at 
% lunch: after 45 overs, the score 
was 100. 

Some overs later the innings 
began to waiver, chiefly as a 
result of a testing spell from 
Imran, who bowled Wright and 
Bain bridge: He was well sup- 
ported by. Mays, . who bad 
Tomlins caught at short leg, and 
bowled Curran. 

Gloucestershire's fifth-wicket 
partnership, taking over 
bravely, put . on 40 rather 
scratchy runs and, when Lloyd 
was caught at mid-wicket at 1 50. 
Sussex could not have felt too 
dismal about their investment. 
But Siovold’5 calming return 
and a vigorous innings by 
Alleyne pulled the innings to- 
gether again and at tea the score 
was to put them in thought of a 

But Stovold, though be must 
have been' in pahr-from his 
hand, and Alleyne, who is a 
Londoner, seemed to enjoy 
batting on in the sunshine. The 
Sussex outcricket became, not 
. bad. but a little fretted. . . 

The Bristol ground looked 
a nice and tidy and happy, except 
for Stovold when he was out 
near the end. For once, Bristol 
§ crowds are responding to sum.- 

56 mer sunshine, as they did in 

humid day. batsmen often had 

to contend with the bail's un- wSTES 

predictable swing, which kept JJJP * j£*E5 

thTslip expectant Essex lost aI£SS£ 

their last eight wickets in 22 * 

overs, with De Freitas finishing lour 10 ,n September, 
with six for 42. Leicestershire's innings fol- 

tp E East am b Agnow 2 

T D Toptay cGflbDe Frettas 9 

JK Lover d Cttt 1 

JHChfldscCtftbDe Rates 6 

DLAcfieW noioul 3 

Extras lb 1.1b 4. w 2. nb 3) 10 

Total (533 aware) 153 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-3.2-49. 3-115,4- 
12B, 5-128. 6-131,7-133. 8-140. 9-148, 10- 

- 0 A J Wright b Imran 

-2 A W Stovold b Imran 

-9 K PTomfinsc Gram b Mays — 

- 2 P Baintirtdgob Iowan — 

-6 K M Curran b Mays 

- 3 J W Lloyds c Imnai b Mays 

JO M W Anynenotout 

153 tflC Russell notout ; 

1 , 4 . Extra* (bl, B)7. wl, nto3) 

10- Total (6 write) 

Score at 100 ova r* 221 tor Ova. 

First Inntags 




800 m 
race for 

From Pat Butcher 
Athletics Correspondent 
- . ^ Athens 

Steve Oram races over 
metres again m Binnrngtai 
Saturday afternoon following 
his fastest time in the world this 
season in Nice on Tuesday 
evening, while Steve Ovett who 
" our of the 3,000 metres 


io race in Paris next Tuesday as- 
his finhl preparation for tire. 
Commonwealth Games 5,000' 
metres the following week. 

David Moonsroft. the former 
world 5,000 metres record 
holder, makes his return to 
competition in the same meet- 
ing . in Birmingham as Cram. 
Moorcroft’s Commonwealth 
selection was prevented by inju- 
ries which have continued since 
1982. He races over 2,000 
metres against • John Walker, 
Peter Koech and Colin Reitz. 

• ATHENS <AP) - Ren aide 
Nehemiah, the American hur- 
dler who gave, up athletics to 
become a professional Ameri- 
can Football player, w as re - 
instated as an amateur yesterday 
by the. International Amateur 
Alhletic-Federacion (IAAF) after 

The IAAF also recognized 
Britain's Daley Thompson as 
the sole current world record 
holder in the decathlon by 
upgrading Thompson's perfor- 
mance in the 1 10 metres hurdles 
at the- 1984 Olympic Games. 
The Olympic champion's time 
in the event was clipped by one- 
hundredth of a second, from 
1434 to 1433 seconds. The 
improve m e nt raise d his decath- 
lon score to a record-breaking 
8847 points under a new scoring 
system introduced in 1985. 


2^^ cAWaw,8nd Dv 
14-4-45-1. e«it rve nim ru o. i.iin q_hq 0114 

Only Prichard and Border did 
themselves justice. Otherwise 
De Freitas, after lunch, ran 
rampant as be kept a good line 
and moved the ball about freely. 
Benjamin, with a strained thigh, 
did not last the full course and it 
was a timely moment for De 
Freftas to return the best figures 
of his career. 

Leicestershire's innings fol- 
lowed the same pattern, with 
batsmen either leg before or held 
in the slips as they stretched 
forward. At lea, the score was 35 
for three before Potter and Boon 
added 69 with sensible, selective 
stroke play. 

Acfield, the first spinner used, 
had Potter leg before in his first 
over. Boon then edged a catch to 

JCBaldaretonacTaplayb Laver _ 

R A Cobb tow b Lever 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-110, 2-llfc S-112, 
4-112, 5-152, '6-265. 

. 7 Bonus point* GtoueeataraMre 2. Sussex 
13 2- 

5 SUSSEX.-AMGreen.IDKStaraflng.PW 

L Potter tow bActaW : 25 G Parker, braw Khan: C M Wafls, A P 

T J Boon c Border b Topley 46 Weils, -fl J Gould. O A Reeve. ACS 

PSowtortowbAcfleid ■ 

PBCHt notout 

WKR Benjamin not out — - 

Extras (fit 5, nb 2) 

Total (6 wfets. 53 overs) ' 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19. Z-Z7. 3-31 

14 Pigott, A M Babmgton, C Mays. 
Umpires: MJ Kachan and R A MMto. 

ton: Hampshire a 297 for 6 rjac (T C 
MitMeton 86, RJ Scott 69); Essex for 

OHon; Watw>dn M reB274fN Smith 63. Rl 

PA JDe Frettas, JPGS and JPAgnewa h B Dyer 54. G A 

, _ . Gtoucasteralrire U 48 tor nowkL 

Bonus potot* Essex 3, Latoestnshire5. Hastings: Kant D 211 (V Wttto 86. K 
UmptesJW Holder and HJ Rhodes. Bradshaw 4 for 45); Sussex ft 74taf 2. 

Aslett’s first fifty of 
the season lifts Kent 

Middlesex total could 
be a winning one 

By Ivo Tennant 

THE OVAL: Kent, with eight AJthc 
first innings wickets in hand, are wickets 
80 runs behind Surrey. beautifi 

Two men Aden's first half-cemury of the bowiec uoughty ;yesterda 2 
a j season helped Kent into a usefid as slow as anything Bedi t 

rPCffiTt 1 position by the close. u ^, . ... 

1 CJ UllC Surrey's collapse was largely *5 

a ~1 • of their own making. After 

their case aaarjsss&H 

By Peter Ball JKdl? He* M’TtafiT 0S c mSES^sh?- 

1 RKSOP . Yorkshire, with ail century in 54 minutes with 10 NJFWnwcMarsnbiggtascton- 
■innings wickets in hand, are boundaries, the majority stun- * — 

runs behind ning drives. 

tnghamshire. It was peculiar, then, that he t S^aKLjj* 1 “og™!. =55 

r iih England's search for an should play a half-hearted shot * M « a > con c Aeemwn 0 Monh 
ung partner for Gooch a aj Christopher Cowdrey, as the G Monhhousa c C cowdrey b Aid 

le ? SL^ nn ? umg resul1 of "frich be ^ 'eg- — 

of yesterday s men topk the before. Clinton, who had diffi- 

artunity ofa flat wicket at culty coping with lifting ball. 

Icsop to restate tltetr .cases, played on to one such delivery Extrasjbi. to i.w4) 

Surrey, who won the toss and 
started and ended their innings 
with a flourish, in the interim 
lost six wickets for 26 which 
accounted for their making only 
201 on a fast, true pitch. Derek 

By Marcos Williams 

LORD’S: Middlesex have scored pasang.50 t-ww* aa> 
300 for five wickets against his shell to hit Mario 
Somerset Butcher, usually a 

Watching Middlesex, and ofthe ball, took 51 nil 
Somerset for that matter, in nine runs as Midi 
recem years concurrently with a bogged down agains! 
Test match or one-day inter- nets and Rosebeny, 






WINNERS . j •, WR| 

for only 2r ; pts. PLyM-MH rLJr±>i \ 

- L. . 1 . . . . . LORD’S: Middlesex have scored passing 50 twee emerged fiom 

ml. with eight Although he took only two 300 for five wickets against his shell to hit Marks for six. 
as in hand, are wickets. Underwood bowled Somerset Butcher, usually a ftee striker 

urrey - brauufully. After a Iran Aart to Watching Middlesex, and ofthe ball, took 5 1 minutes over 

m the toss and ^ seas ° n ' Qautie Lewis, his Soraersetfor that matter, in nine runs as Middlesex got 
d their innings ow *n a now Kent scorer, recent years concurrently with a bogged clown against the spin- 
in the interim suggested ne gave the trail more Test match or one-day inter- nere an< i Rosebeny, .who was 
for 26 which day Underwood national can seem like a produo- not born when Radley started 

ir making only took four Hampshire wickets tion of Hamlet without Laertes running quick singles for 
e pitch. Derek be and the Second Sailor, let alone Middlesex, was finally slow to 

bowled Doughty yesterday was «Ke Prince- 
as slow as anything Bedi tossed „ 
up. It was 1 

Surrey were then 158 for ** 

eighL They did well to reach enspty sti 
201, Moakhouse playing a sen- soponne c 
sible innings and Gray using his cr * 

Middlesex, was fetally^slow to 

It was rather like that yes- 
terday, when apart from Carr’s 
crisply struck 75 a humid. 

enlivened the evening. 

MIDDLESEX: first InnsRB 

soponfic day was matched by WN stack cGard b Coombs 

By Peter Ball SKEWSE™ 

WORKSOP-. Yorkshire, with all century in 54 minutes with 10 
first-innings wickets in hand are boundaries, the majority stun- 
387 runs behind ning drives. 

-v r 11 was P^utia r- then, that he 

With England’s search for an should play a half-hearted shot 
opening partner for Gooch a at Christopher Cowdrey, as the 
matter of continuing concent, result of which he was leg- 
two of yesterday s men took the before. Clinton, who had diffi- 
oppoitunity ofa flat wicket at culty coping with lifting ball. 
Worksop to restate titetr cases, played on 10 one such delivery 
Broad and Robinson putting on from Cowdrey. Jesty. captaining 
— 6 * n overs as Yorkshire s Surrey since Pocock left himself 
aspiring young ; spun bowlers out to shorten the tail swept at 
learnt some hard lessons. Then Underwood before getting off 
came Paul Johnson, very much the mark and top edged to 

TREBLE CHANCE -Max 22 Pis. -No Client with 22 Pis 
TOPDtV FOR ONLY 211(2 Pts. 

211/2 PTS £86,034-40 4 DRAWS . 

21 PTS E2&B-65 ^ HOMES. 

20 Vz PTS £613-45 

20 PTS £9600 6 AWAYS . . . 

191/2 PTS £24-95 

19 PTS £8-85 _ 

Expanses and C 

UsMvOiMedivWtsditeBnteBlVsp. 28th June 1986 



4 DRAWS £49-30 

12 HOMES £56-70 

6 AWAYS £30-45 


Expenses and Commi ssi on 
28th June 1 986- 29-0% 

learnt some hard lessons. Then Underwood before getting off 
came Paul Johnson, very much the mark and top edged to 
a man of tomorrow, to hit the square leg. This was the batting 
third century of the mume; off of an inconsistent team. 

SssCatt-rs: ssS 

mem he lost the toss. The 

Worksop wicket may look en- "J® B ™tSh 

couraging for bowlers, but that 
is a fraudulent deception. At 
best it offers only unrewarding 

toil and, unless the virtues of S?*** he Ilh four for 

line and length are strictly 

observed, considerable pain, as Warwirlrc v Dprlivc 
Yorkshire's bowlers quickly ^arwiCKS » 

To add to their difficulties, -k j 77 
the outfield, particularly at the b j m Maher tow b Small 31 

football ground end, not only a Hffl c Lloyd b Grfford 30 

looks badbui is. Kenny Dalglish It**™ raHSTT:** 



the pitch. Bowling at a brisk 
pace, he finished with four for 

Warwicks f Derbys 

DERBYSHIRE: First Iniwfls 

•KJBanwBbMcMtei 77 

B J M Maher tow b SmaS 31 

A Hffl e Lloyd b Grfford 30 

JEMomsBGiltofd.. 13 

G S Onion b C Cowdrey — 34 

N J FMuwr c Marsh b Iggtasden 0 

A J Stewart IbwbC Cowdrey 55 

M A Lynch c Jarvis b iggsasaso 23 

*T E Jesty c G Cowdrey b Underwood . 0 

A Needham tow b kutraden 0 

K T Medfyoon c Aloannan 0 Monfchousa 


G Monhhousa C C Cowdrey b Alderman 


R J Doughty b Underwood 24 

A H Gray blggiesdar 28 

tG E Browne not out 0 

ExtTBs( ..a 

Total (67 overs} 201 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2. 2-88. 3-93. 4- 
102. 5-113. 6-114, 7-114, 8-156. 9-187, IQ- 
201 . 

BOWUNG: Iggtaden. 17-6-48-4: Aider- 
own. 17-5-40-2: Jarvis. 7-1-486; C S 
Cowctey, 1 1-3-37-2; Underwood. 15-6- 

KENT: First Innings 

S G Htnta c Needham 0 Dougnty 24 

D G Asiaa st Browne b MacBycoa 53 

C J Tavaro not out 39 

D L Underwood not out _„4 

Extras (nb 1) 1 

Total (2 wkts, 43 overs) 121 

N R Taylor, *C S Cowdrey, G R Cowdrey. 
fS A Marsh. T M AMerman. A P Iggtesdan. 
and K B S Janns to bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-54. 2-1 15 
Bonus points: Surrey 2. Kent 4 
Umpires D G Evans and R Jtaien 

Middlesex's ultimate total - 

S b 2 ?r SJ ,y u s, * c ^* s 5^ bour Softs 

92. bis best championship score m a R osetwry runout ; o 

since April, slipshod Somerset 1FR DowraonraKout 30 

catching and Radley’s fifty in 

the final act, also his best since T “r* 5wktt ir — 1 — - 

April — may yet prove useful on Score at 100 over* 201 hr 5. 

the pitch that was used for Last £5!«®S^n t i2!f an8 ' pc R7WnaB 
Saturday’s Benson and Hedges FAli0f: «-iaa. 3 .i 7 a 4 - 
final and is already taking spin, 1 ' Z1,2 ^ 138 ’ 3 ‘ 176 ’ 4 " 

After Miller bad bad his off SOMERSET! BC row. t»m R oebuck. JJ 

fo play himself back into fwm Bonus point* MJddtosex 3. Somerset 2 
after a wretched run and after umpire* a a Jones and KJ Lyons 

final and is already taking spin. 

After Miller had bad his off 
bail clipped by Garner in the 
ninth over. Slack worked hard 
to play himself back into form 
after a wretched run and after 

for draw 


Fears expressed by some 
members of the Irish Football 
Association international 
committee that Billy Bingham, 
the Northern Irdandleam man- 
ager, would be unable effectively 
to pursue his international du- 
ties in the light of bis contract 
with al-Nasser, the Saudi Ara- 
bian dub, were dispelled, at 
least temporarily, by Harry 
Cavan, IFA president, on Tues- 
day night. .y 

The committee agreed by a 
unanimous vote’ that Bingham 
should cany on as. Northern 
Ireland team manager - even 
though he will be <tomirikti in 
Saudi Arabia for the next 12 
months. - * 

“He has assured us that he has 
the necessary, contacts in the 
United Kingdom id enable him 
to -keep abreast of aD matters 
relevant io the Northern Ireland 
team,* Mr Cavan said. . 

“There is a release danse in 
his contract regarding Northern 
Ireland games and we are con- 
fident that he wfll be able to 
fulfil his duties as confidently 
and as successfully in the future 
as be has done in the past. The 
situation wfil be reviewed in 12 
months."- - ' - 

Bingham took over as man- i/v 
ager to the. Northern ■ Ireland 
team in 1980 and has enjoyed 
phenomenal success, reaching 
the final stages of two World 
Cup competitions, winning the 
nowdefonct home international 
championship twice and only 
foiling on goal average fo qualify 
for the final stages of the last 
European championship. 

Bingham’s contract with al- 
Nasser is reported to be worth 
around £80,000 and he is ex- 
pected to leave for Saudi Arabia 
at the end of this month. 


woufo regard it "with ^sfovour if |E * 

he was asked to play football on 1C Marpies cHumpagsb Gilford — 45 

it. and Yorkshire's fielders ?, 001 ^ -r-~; S 

foundtiying to stop acridtei M, gKTOWa3IIZ: za 

ball speeding over the fast, hard Tetal p wks , m 

ground full of ruts an almost Score® 1 00 overs 21 4 tor 6 

impossible task. AE Warner and DE Malcolm to baL 

Broad and Robinson hardly fall of wickets: i-9S.2-i24.3-i42.4- 
needed such advantages as they JSiS-teo. 6-188. 7-239. 
made hay while the sun beat 

down remorselessly on the Asit n«i. o a Thome, e j ParsoS^c 
perspiring bowlers. Broad, a Sraafl, ARK Pierson. -N Glftom 
forgonen man since his deter- Boouspcmt* WarwwwZDerOysnirea 
mined resistance against the U"tere*c Cook and a G T wimetaad. 

Notts v Yorkshire 

ball firmly off his legs, as usual kottwchamshbiE: Fir« nvwigs 
his area of strength, but driving g c — 12£ 

and cutting with the assurance p jotasamx out ... . ios 

of a man in form. *CESR*8bFietcter 49 

Robinson's innings was M *y?£ i y t . 0 tf t _ ^ 

marginally more streaky, two .._20 

edges flying over and through 404 

the slips in theroriy stages, but K p Evans, ib n Fraoeh. r a p<*. e e 
he grew in authority as his stay Homm®, k s«e<tiy and k e Coopor tw 

Won by Mrs McDonald of Salford. 


22 pts (Max) £361.243-00 

21% pts £2908*55 

21 pts £734-80 

20% pts ....£132-95 

20 pts £ 20-60 

Treble Chance DIvKkjnds to Units of 

12 HOMES £7-10 

(Nothing Barred) 

8 AWAYS £81-35 

(Nothing Barred) 

4 DRAWS £744)0 

(Nothing Barred) 

Above Dividends to Units of 1 0p. 

Exoenses and Cornmi&siofi for 28th 
June 1986-334% 

i III 

Glamorgan v Worcs 


GLAMORGAN: First Innings 

H Morris C d'Otivefra b Prtdgean 3 

D B Pauline c Rhodes b Radford 13 

G C Holmes c Hick b Newport 85 

Youns Ahmed ctTORveea b Bingworth . 

M P Maynard c Smith b Patel 4 

•R C Ortong tow d Radford 38 

J Dandt ran out 6 

J G Thomas not out 15 

J F Steele notout - 2 

Extras (bZto4.w4.nb3) 13 

Total (7 wkts, 90.3 overs) 2il 

TT Dawes. E A Moseley to baL 

-39 By George Chesterton 

— 1 Cheltenham lost wickets too 
izi regularly to get on terms with 
«*• the 244 set them by Sherborne 
and were grateful to settle for a ; 
draw on 129 for eight yesterday. 
Sherborne, with their record of 
five wins against schools, are a 
formidable and well balanced 
side but Cheltenham’s eight- 
wicket win over Hailey bury on 
Tuesday must have given them 

“,3 Kardooni won the toss for 
" 85 Sherborne and elected to bat on 
A . a wicket full of runs. It was 
. Kardooni himself who was first 
“38 out with the score on 50. With 
— 6 Ashworth timing the ball well, 

■ 1 § especially when over-pitched, 
the scoring rale was high, and 
lunch was taken at 137 for two. 
216 Two long speQs ofbowling from 
Hampshire and W Davies, sup- 

CwtiuKd frore page 39 


FU« £PO. AA. 

vaiicr BrakUHL 

HWK, Mao STML St JmuhI. 
SWI 'limm ta Arabia- h- 
erat WataraatMMn* by Clwbr 
wnn .Mi. Oosina wnarrow 1 
MOft-Fn 9 JOS JO 

raou House ns) 

fall of wickets: 1 -id. 2-18. 3-96, 4- poned by excellent ground fidd- 

Notts v Yorkshire 


B C Bread c Bavstow b Stew 122 

R T Honnaon c Muon b Janus lOS 

P Johnson not out IOS 

“CEB Rta b Fletcnar 49 

M NeMgX noi out — -- 3 

Extras- fo 4. to 11. w2.nb 3) .. . 20 

Total (3 wxts dec) 404 

Scare all 00 oven: 393 for 3 
K P Evans. IB N French. R A Pch. e E 
K SweCqr and K E Cooper cm 

lengthened, driving Garrick with watwi 

relish to keep pace with his fmi_ ofyackets: i-a6.2-24i 3 ^ 3 ®. 

partner » boA Ml 16 bound- 

102. 5-173, 6-194, 7-195. 

Bonus pants: Glamorgan 2, Woreester- 
stvre 3. 

Umpires: J A Jameson and P B Wight 

Northants v Lancs 

*G Cook c Maknson o Abrerams — 183 

W Lancns ibw o Makraon 17 

R J Boyd M o s s c and D waaen so n .155 

R J Bafieynoiout 17 

□ J Capm not out . 8 

Extras (D4,tol. w1nbl4) ,20 

Total OmMs dec. 993 overs) 400 

D J Wild. R a Hamer. tS n v i/vuanon, N 
G BCooh.NA MBOender.AWafter dnnot 

ing pegged bade the run-rate 
after the interval. It was only in 
the few overs before the declara- 
tion that the batsmen took 
command, Peters and 'Stober 
putting on 45 in 20 minutes. 

Cheltenham needed a good 
start and did not achieve it. 
Slade with five wickets to his 
credit on each of the two 
previous days and a -total of 
more than 40 in the school 
season, again proved bis worth. 
Bowling a steady medium-pace, 
he managed to find a little 
movement off the wicket 

TAM AMA OUUXr 1 CronrwH 
garBwn .sW7 SM66I2 CDS- 
TB#B OF asm - Tbs 
r » l n »g « «f auxtov l blare. Un- 
til 5 Oct. Torsx 100.30: Sun 
12-5.30. Adm ri 


bat movement on tne wicket 

BOWLiNGi Patters on ia^ -CT- 0 ; throughout a long spell. He took 
■■ two of the three wickets to foil 


22 Pt&£ 25 , 240.65 ]«« to* 

21 % Pts £639.00 |S7 Y 

21 Pts £149.10 [%- ^ Pfc ^ 

20% Pts £34.55-1/15* 20% Pts M.95 Jn 

4 SUPER AWAYS1 — -£0.40for top g. ^SSSSSm^ 0 ' ^ 
4 DRAWS £69.00 for 10P 

aries in their centuries. 

Their departure within three 
overs of one another brought 
Yorkshire only momentary re- 
lief- Johnson and Rice brought 
their own formidable array of 
strokes to savage a tiring attack. 

0: Hantey 441-280: Swabow 12-2-32-0 

TORKSWRE fif« tonmgs 
G Boycott not out .... 5 

106-1: O S 
1 5-5-12-0: 

11-3-58-0; Fotay 

M D MCDOn not out 11 

Extras |to 1) _... . 1 

Tottl (no wW. 7 ovens) . i/ 

A A McraattB. K Stem. S N Haregy. yo L 
Barsow.P Camcx. C Stew. S O Abwwt 

Rice lost his off stump to bring Bonus points: Hons 4. ronsnra i 
Yorkshire an unexpected bowl- mitres B Dudmnon ana DR Stepnera 

iSimSndiut fomt in oominued """O* 1 cowntes Champwhswp; 
commanding rorm^continuw Kcndat nohobc i 78 far 7 ore ana 232 tor 
to reach nis own century and 5 15 numo fii); Cumo*ton<i273tor9tc 

HrtPM) lh^ 

5 15 Plump Bit Currwrtano 273tor9 (C 

^.HiwMaloimi u i w .... 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-30. 2-374. 3-374, 
LAMCASHBffi: First (nnmgs • 

G 0 MomM c G Cook b MaBender 9 

'G Ftmter rut out — ™-. 7 

1 Fouoy tow d Matenoar — 0 

M R Chaamck not Out -.0 

Total ( Zwkia. 7o«ars ) 16 

J Aoratems. N H Favtuwer. S J 
0 Snauqnnessy. 1C Maynard. M 
Watfunaon, B P Paterson, 0 J Makmson to 


FAU W WICKETS. 1-lfc 2-12. 

before tea and the next two after. 
Kardooni has a varied attack to 
call upon; Millar, a leg-spinner, 
and vassigh. slow left-arm. both 
got wickets but Cheltenham 
managed 10 hold out. 

The other match in this 
closing day of the festival was 
remarkably ami tar ip character. 
Marlborough declared at 227 for 
five, which included an opening 
partnerhsip of 126* aitd 
Haileybury were l79foreightat 


cMuvMMno iisi. ntm» 

ema * ohm ia 351 sms 

FWlW 1 ajo 4 SS 6 40 8.50 

— [J3S22" •?!?!*■ 1 AfiHrehjre.'L sKvolnr ^ ' 

*t+~ t , . 

v •. ... - 

• ’ ** K 

u' » « 'S* 

“ Ifi'e 

:: o 
' ' r ‘ 

M‘_- .• . Wet 


t^o job 


■' -‘: £rl 

coH/ns and John AJdertom 
Mister SiHy, narrated by 
Arthur Lows, (r) 

1.45 Golf: The Open. Further 
first round coverage of the 
115th Champ tons nip in 
which ten previous 
winners are taking part 
4.12 Regional news. 

4.15 Laurel and Hardy to a 
cartoon. Wacky Ouacfcars. 
(t) 4JS0 Dastardly and 
Muttley. Cartoon, (r) 4J0 
Wacky Races, (r) 4.40 
Dungeons and Dragons. 
The Garden of Zinn. (r) 
5.00 John Craven's 

Newsround 5.10 Duncan 
Dares. Fearless Pater 
Duncan attemps a hlgb- 

wirfi act after a six-month 
course in the art of 


Go For Id The final 
programme of the series 
ana the five health 
conscious families return 
to take part In a quiz. 
Presented by Robbie 
Vincent and Angharad 
Mair. (Ceefax) 

News with Sue Lawley and 
Andrew Harvey. Weather. 
London Plus presented by 
John Stapleton. Linda 
Mitchell and Carolina 

Top ofthe Pops 
introduced by Mike Smith. 
EastEnders. Hannah has 
problems with her 
daughter, Cassie; Dr Legg 
drops a danger with Sue; 
and the poodle's health is 
cause for concern at the 
Queen Vic. (Ceefax) 
Bodymattsra. Dra Graeme 



■ . » "k it;. 

• Garden, Alan Maryon 
Davis and GOifan Rice 
expiore the human knee . 
with the help of a chorus 
line and a flea, (r) (Ceefax) 
Les and Dustin’s 
Laughter Show. Comedy 
impressions from Messrs 
Dennis and Gee, and their 
guest Greg Rogers, (r) 
News with John Humphry® 
and Andrew Harvey. 

In Sickness and hi Health. 
Alf is fed up with pushing 
Else and the shopping 
around and, after failing to 
convince the authorities 
that he needs a powered 
chair, persuades a 
mechanic to fit a 
reconditioned motor from 
a mower. But getting Else 
to try the new contraption 
proves a Httfe difficult (r) 

1 Him: The Chase (1966) 
starring Robert Radford, 
Jane Fonda, Marlon 
Brando and James Fox. 
Drama about a young 
escaped prisoner who 
makes for his small Texas 
town home and his wife. 

AH the townspeople, 
especially the sadistic 
sheriff , seem to be 
affected by the thought of 
his arrival. Directed by 
Arthur Penn. 

I Weather. 



Today’s television and radio programmes SM ffi** 

6.00 Ceefax AM. 

6.50 Breakfast Time with Frank 

8.55; regional news, 
w&ather and traffic at 6.S7, 
7.27, 7.57 and 8J7; 
national and international 
news at 7.00, ?J0,&on 
8 JO and 9JKk sport m 

TV- AM I" 

6-15 Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Geoff Meade at 
6J0, 7.00, 7 JO, 8.00, BJQ 
and 9.00; financial news at 
6-35; sport at 640,7.40 
and M0; exercises at &55 
and 9-22; cartoon at 7 J5; 
pop music at 7.55: Jenf 
Barnett's postbag at 8J5; 
addicton to tranepteers 
discussed at 9.03 and 


9-25 Thame* news headlines 
followed by Lost 
Kingdom* Chiefs of the 
Saroyss - Jordan. A 
drama illustrating men's 
dominance within the tribal 
system 9.55 The Art of 
Ceramic Decorating. The 
work of Leon Moburg 
10.10 Joyce and the 
Wheeled Warriors. 

10J5 Island WDtffifa. The 
formation and decline of 
the Irish boglands 11.30 
About Britain. The last 
qualifying round of the 
Grampian Sheepdog 

1ZOO Tales From Fat Tulip's 
Garden. A Fistful of 
Bluebottles, (r) 12.10 
Pudcte Lane. Puppet 
series 12J0 Tire 

1.00 News atOna with Leonard 
Paridn 1 JO Thames news 
1 JO Riptide. The three 
detectives become 
involved with the activities 
of mobster. Earl Bertane 
2.25 Home Cookery Club. 
Hake with Orange, (r) 

2-30 Something to Treasure. 
Patrick Lichfield describes 
the winter activities at his 
Staffordshire country 
house. 3.00Take the High 
Road. 3J5 Thames news 

headlines 3J0 Sons and 
Daughters. Episode 400. 

4J)0 Tales From Fat Tulip’s 
Garden. A repeat of fie 
programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Moomins. 
Cartoon, (r) 4J0 Nature 
Trafl. Bill Ckkfie has advice 
on what the young wildlife 
enthusiast should wear. 
4.45 Under the Same Sky. 
Two bullied boys become 

5.15 Sdver Spoons. American 
domestic comedy series. 

5.45 News with Alastalr 
Stewart 6J0 Thames 

6J5 What It’s Worth. 

Consumer queries 
answered by Penny Junor 
and David Stafford. 

GJ5 Crossroads. 

7 JO Emmerdale Farm. Who 
will be chosen to 
represent Amos's bowls 

7 JO Give Us a Clue. Celebrity 
charade game presented 
by Michael Parkinson. 
Lionel Blair and Una 
Stubbs are Joined by Bella 
Em berg, william Gaunt, 
John Inman, Rula Lenska, 

. . Anna Quayfe and Spike 

8J0 Minder: Back in Good OW 

- - Engfend. An old ceO-mata 
of Terry's is back in 
England from his tar 
business in Spain, looking 
for premises to open a 
Spanish-style tavern in 
London. Arthur and sundry 
others are hired to help, (r) 

9.00 Troubles and Strife. 
Comedy series about a 
trendy young vicar and his 
collection of fawning 
women of the parish. 

9J0 TVEym State of 

Emergency. A secretly 
filmed documentary 
showing what fife is like in 
black South African 
townships under the state 
of emergency. 

104)0 News at Ten with Aiastair 
Burnet and Martyn Lewis. 

10JQ HoteL An eWerty visitor to 
the St Gregory fells tire 
staff he is waiting to die. 

11 JO Burning the Phoenix. A 
new series on the changes 
made at the Royal College 
of Art since Jocelyn 
Stevens became Rector. 

124)0 Lifestyles of the Rich and 
Famous. This first of a 
new series focuses on 
Joan Collins at the St 
James Club. Antigua. 

12-25 Night Thoughts. 


•Talk about sit transit gtoria 
mtmg /The case ol Randolph 
Turpin says It alL One minute, 
tire tad from Leamington is world 

middleweight champion. 

returning in triumph to his home 
town like some conquering 
Roman general, and Bteraily 
showering himself In pound 
notes. The next, he is working in 
a scrap-metal yard or trying 
to make a bob or two out of a 
rundown transport cafe And 
the minute after that, he shoots 
hlmsetf after trying to do the 
same to his batw daughtar.By 
any standards. Franco 
Rosso’s documentary €4 DAY 


(Channel 4. lOJOprn) is a 
remarkable ^lustration ofthe 
fickleness of fortune. For his 
framework. Rosso has drawn 
inspiration from a very good 
teacher. Orson Welles. 


Everywhere, there are echoes Of 
Citizen Kane. The 
Investigator - n Rosso's nntit is 
the novelist Gordon Wfifiams- 
watches newsreel footage of The 
Great Man. wonders how h© 
fell from grace, and then set$ out 
to interview those who knevif 
him at his best and at his worst 
There was no Kane-type I 
Rosebud on Turpm's dying tips, 
so Williams has to settle tor i 
the dosing lines from a poefothe 
boxer wrote: “Down at the * 
show on a ringside stool, Wfe'U 
watch the next man. just ora 
more fool Williams, a diligent 
sleuth, finds his best dues to 
the foolishness of Randolph 
Turpin in the prosaic thing ; 
that is said to be the root otall 
evrf. I 

•Best of the rest on TV: tire 

final episode of Anthony 
Minghelia's patently accurate 
exploration of marital intidetty. 
What Hit's Raining? 

(Channel 4.9J0pm). and Arthur 
Perm's 1 965 film The Chose 
(BBC1 , 10.00pm) which, except 
for Marion Brando s 

Incorruptible sheriff, shows 

humanity in a particularly bad 
ikmt but thanks largely to Lilian 

• Radio choice: a genuine 
musical oddity on Radio 3 
(3.1 Opm) •Varese’s 
Bcuatorial. featuring a 

combination of Indians living 

On the banks of Brazil's Zingu 
river and a group of more 
sophisticated choristers from 
Salt Lake City. 

Peter Davalle 

Radio 4 

Barbican (r) 
SM PM: News ( 

94)0 Ceefax. 

14)0 Golf: The Open. Steve 
Rider introduces coverage 
of first round play at 

1,45 ceefax, 

4.10 Gofe The Open. Further 
coverage from Tumberry. 

7J5 The Rod Arrows: Classic 
Manouevms. The Royal 
Air Force's display team 
celebrate the United 
States Bicentennial (r) 

8.15 Brass Tacks: Arms of the 
Law. Reporter Gerry 
Northern investigates how 
and when plastic bullets 
would be used by the 
police and reveals that a 
national riot manual drawn 
up by senior police 
officers in 1981 warns that 
plastic bullets may bring 
an armed response from 
rioters. But the Chief 
Constable of the West 
Midlands, Geoffrey Dear, 
defends this latest addition 
to his force's armoury. 

9.00 The Travel Show 

Over-booking in Spanish 
and Greek hotels Is 
examined tonight. 

Although beds are booked 
sometimes four and five 
months In advance there is 
Holidaymakers recount 
horror stories and The 
Travel Show investigates 
why it happens. Pius, a 
resort report from Kathy 
Lloret de Mar; the 
Wheelers from 
Merseyside, who have 
tour children including a 
handicapped teenager, 
take a holiday at Pontlns in 
Blackpool: and Matthew 
Cofllns reports on 
available accommodation 
in Corfu 

9 JO Moonlighting. Mackfie 
discovers that her 
troublesome partner has a 
brother in the same mould 
when she is sent to him for 
help with a hefty tax bill 
that might mean she has 
to sell her home. His 
assistance leads to 
Maddie getting Into deeper 

2.15 Their Lordshipa 1 House, (r) 

2J0 Film: Chase a Crooked 
Shadow* (1956) starring 
Anne Baxter and Richard 
Todd. Thriller about a 
millionairess whose Costa 
Brava vUla is invaded by a 
man claiming to be her 
brother who was believed 
dead. Directed by Michael 

4.10 Versailles. A short, made 
in 1967 by Albert 
Lamorisse of The Red 
Balloon fame, capturing 
the beauty of Louis XArs 
palace from the air. 

4 JO Dancin' Days. Julia turns 
down a proposal of 

54)0 Film; Sergeant Madden* 
(1939) starring Wallace 
Beery. Drama about a 
veteran New York 
policeman who turns in his 
badge after his policeman 
son leaves the fores to 
begin a life of crime. 
Directed by Josef von 
Stem berg. 

6.30 1986 Tour de France. 
Stage 14-Luchonto 

7.00 Channel Four news with 
Trevor McDonald and 
Nicholas Owen. 

7 JO Comment Wifi his views 
on a topical subject is 
Robert Atkins, co- 
ordinator of the 
Commonwealth Arts 
Festival. Weather. 

84)0 All the Prime Minister's 
Men. The second of three 
programmes examining 
the past, present and 
future of Cabinet 
government Tonight’s 
edition looks at Cabinets 
from 1979. Among those 
interviewed are Michael 
Heseltine, Leon Britten, 

Francis Pym. Denis 
Healey, Tam Dalyell and 

trouble. Starring CybiD 
Shepherd, Bruce Willis 
„ and Charles Rocket 
10.15 Making Waves. The first 
of a new series of the 
magazine programme 
about aU forms of 
waterborne transport, 

S dbyBob 

Malcolm McKeag 
King. This 
evening the trio visit 
Wroxham in Norfolk where 
they report on the crafts, 
accessories and fashions 
that have taken Britain to 
the top of the boat building 
industry league. Plus, a 
profile of John Hill, the 
world Inshore powerboat 

1045 Newsnlght The latest 
national end International 
news including extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 
Presented by Peter Snow, 
Olivia O'Leary and Donald 

11J0 Weather. 

11 J5 Golf: The Opea Highlights 
of the first round of the 
115th Championship, 
introduced by Steve Rider 
from Tumberry. 

12.10 Open IMverafty: 

Weekend Outlook 12-15 
The Passover Among 
Yemeni Jews. Ends at 

James Canadian. 

9.00 Gardeners' Calendar 
introduced by Hannah 
Gordon. The Royal 
Horticultural Society's 
Fruit Officer recommends 
varieties of the tastiest 
strawberries; and the 
Vegetable Superintendent 
demonstrates the sowing 
of unusual vegetables, 
Including Swiss chard and 
kohlrabi. Plus, how grapes 
should be thinned; and 
dangerous and poisonous 
plants to look out for. (r) 

9J0 What If irs Raining? The 
final episode of the drama 
serial following the break- 
up of a marriage and its 
aftermath. Dominic seems 
to coping well without 
Marilyn, who in turn is 
coping with a new life in e 
new town with a young 
child and the guilt of 
having been the one who 
walked put Starring 
Michael Maloney and 
Deborah Fmdlay. (Oracle) 

10.30 FDnu 64 Day Hera A 
Boxer's Tale (1985) A 
documentary tracing the 
downfall of Randolph 
Turpin, the Leamington 
Licker, who was the world 
middleweight boxing 
champion Tor 64 days In 
1951. In 1 1981. after 

daughter!^ committal 

daughter, ne committed 
suicide, dying a penniless, 
friendless wreck, (see 

12.10 Theta- Lordships’ House. 

UinhlinMa df ItM rilw'S 

On long wave. VHF variations at 
eneL > 

5J5 Shipping. 64)0 Naws btiefing; 

Weather. 6.10 Farmind. 

6J25 Prayer Is}. , 

6J0 Today, ind 6J0, 7.30/, 

&30 News. 6.45 I 
Business News. 6J5.7JS5 
Weather. 7 JO, s.00 . 

News. 7-25, 8-25 Spor| 7.45 
Thought tor the Day. 8j35 
Yesterday in Parliament. 

8J7 Weather; Travel, i 

9.00 News i 

94)5 Face the Facts. Margo ' 

MacDonald invest gat ek 
cases of injustice agamfet 
individuals or offences - 
malnst the public interest (r) 
9J0 The Natural History 
Programme. How road- 
building policy affects wilder 
parts cm Britan. Also, . 
dark secrets tram Brazil. 
10.00 News: The Good Book. 

1 3-pan senes presented 
by Brian Redhead about the 
Bible (2) Pride and 
Patriarchs (r) 

10J0 Morning Story: Jenny, by 
Al Hunter . Reader Alan 

10.45 An Act of Worship (s) 

114)0 News; Travel: Analysis. 

After tub Chernobyl 
incident where does nuclear 
power go from here? (r)- 
11.48 Time for Verse. Atian . 

Carl Mathews discusses 
politics and poetry (s) 

124X) News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with ■ 
John Howard. 

1SL27 Trivia Test Match. A 
trivia game based on the 
rules of cricket with umpire 
Bnan Johnston and 
captains Tan Rice and WIhe 
Rushton (r) 12J5 

14H) The World At One: News. 
1.40 The Archers. 155 

2.00 New^Soman's Hour. 

3.00 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Kedgeree Grief, by 
Tina Pepier. With Val .• 
Lorraine as the widow (s) 

4.00 News 

44)5 A Good Read. Brian Gear 
invites Peter Graham 
Scott and Irene Thomas to 
pick soma paperbacks. 

4JS Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's edition repeated. 

Includes comment on the 
Danton Affair at the 

ODTH WALES: S35pw-8J0 
PPHi Wales Today. &35-7.00 Gar- 
dening Togatiw. 12.10am- 12.15 
News andwaatfw. SCOTLAND: 9.20am- 
1030 CTV 1. 1020-1030 Dotunan. 
&35pia-7-00 Reporting Scotland. 
NORTHERN MUNtt 52Spra-5A0 
Today’s Sport Inside Utstar. 

6JS-TMQ0 For US 12.10Hh-12.t5 
Nam and weafter. ENGLAND: BJSpaa- 
720 Regional news magabnea. 

CHANNEL Aa London except 
WiWIinCL g w For Openers 928 
Sesame Straw 1030-1120 Rnal Ap- 
220 The Baran 320400 Country GP 
5.12 Puffin’s nafflea 5.15-5.45 Con- 
nections Channel Report tot 

5^3 Shipping. 5^5 
Weather. S4» News; 
Financial Report. 

6J0 Bnunof Bntato 1986. 

Second round: North 
West it} 

7JOO News. 

74B The Archers. 

7 JO Any Answers? John 

Tunpsonwith listeners' 
responses to last week’s 
Any Questions? 

7.40 The Tunes They Are 
Changmg. Judith 
Chalmers investigates why 
so many wtxnen suffer 
durfig menopause. The 
number to mg is: 01-580 
4411. lines open from 6-30- 

94)0 Does He Take Sugar? 

For disabled listeners. 

9J0 Barry Fantoni's Chinese 

945 Kaleidoscope. Indudes 
comment on the film Sid 
and Nancy. 1029 Weather. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime. The 
Third Pokcamaa 
Reader: Patrick Magee. 

1030 The World Tonight 

11.15 Financial World Tonight 

11 JO Today in Parliament 

1230 News; Weather. 12J3 


VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except SJ&ZSJDDaia Weather 
Travel. 94)0-1030 Pirate 
Radio 4 (new series). With 
Steve BtackneS- 1-55- 
2.00pm Listening Comec 
530-535 PM (continued). 

11 JO-1 2.10am Open 
University: 11 J0Mid-60s 
(2V 1130 Subculture and 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 


635 Weather. 74M News 

74)5 Concert Rossini (Italian 
Girl in Algiers overture). 
Vanhal (Concerto in F for 2 
bassoons, orchestra), 
Smetana (Three Salon 
PoHcastofeyed by 
Novotny.p-5, o),t Chaikovsky 
(Serenade meiancolique, 
with Kramer, viofin). 8.00 

835 Concert (contd):Liszt 
(Les Preludes}. 

Gottschaik (Souvenirs 
d'Andatousie and La 
banjo: Alan Marks, piano). 

Copland (Appalachian 
Spring). 9.00 News 
94)5 This week 's Composer: 
Telemann. Indudes 
excerpt from fie Dramatic 
Cantata lno.:fiB 
Overture in G major. Don 
Intermezzo Pimpmone. Part 

10.00 Alan Bush and Arnold 
Cooke: Zivoni (violin) and 
Wright (piano). Bush (Lyric 
(rrieriudej, Cooke (Piano 
Sonata No 2) 

1040 Vortsek: Prague 

Chamber Orchestra play 
the Symphony in D 
11.10 Six Continents: foreign 
monitored by the BBC (r) 
1130 Reger Gabrieli String 
Quartet. With Ham&n 
Mime (piano). Plano Quintet 
in C minor. Op 64 
1235 BBC Welsh SO (under 
Owain Arwel Hughes). 

Mozart (Symphony No 35), 
Mathias (Symphony No 
2). 14)0 News 

1.05 Manchester Recital: 

Gordon Fergus- 
Thompson (ptano) plays 
works by Schumann 
(third movement. Variations 
on theme by Clara 
WiedcSonata In F minor, Op 
14L Chopin. Scriabin, 
and Racnmaninow (mducSng 
Prelude In E flat Op 23 
No 6) 

24)0 Hiltjard Ensemble: works 
by Tallis (including O ye 
tender babes of England), 
and anon (inctoding 
England be glad) 

2.40 Flute and prano: 

Christopher Hyde-Smlth 
and Jane Dodd. Howard 

Ferguson (Three 
sketched, Faiae (Morcaau 
de concerns), Reinecka 
(Sonata, Uncfine) 

3.10 Equatorial: Villa-Lobos 
(extracts from Forest of 

the Amaz on:Sayao soprano) , 
Milhaud (the baUet 
L'homma et son desir.wfth 

coo^^raLand Varese 
(Ecuatorial, with the 
Indians of fie River Xingu, 

4.15 Pfitznen German Opera 
Orchestra (under 
Schrractt-Isse rstaefttotey 
Symphony No 1. 435 

54W Mainly for Pleasure: A 
celebration of the taty of 

630 Bandstand: Boscombe 
Band o( fie Salvation 
Army. Himes (Milestone), 
Bowen (Meditation: My 
Comfort and Strength), 
Steadman-Alien (The 
Holy War) 

74W A Spark to Fire fie 
Engine: last of three 
documentaries about fie 
Marshall Plan for 
Western Europe. 

730 Nash Ensemble: with JBl 
Gomez (soprano). Part one 

8.10 Can a Horse Laugh? 

Ronald Pickup reads the 
story by Robert Musll 

8.15 Nash Ensemble: part 
two. Works by Brahms 

S iano Quartet in C minor, 
p 60) and Mahler 
Oieder und Gesange) 

9.10 Bournemouth Sinfonietia 
(under Norrington),with 
Raphael WaBftsch (celo). 
Coraiti (Concerto Grosso 
in B flat Op 6 No 11L J C 
Bach (Symphony In G 

minor, op 6 No 6), and 
Havdn (Cello Concerto in 
0. Op 101) 

10.00 Music In our Tone: works 
by Stefan wolpe. Tango 
(with Mikftashotf.piano).. 
Suite im Hexachord (wifi 
Randan and WHbamsL and 
Enactments lex three 
pianos, with Settzar, 


1035 Martin and Schoecfc 
Martin (Pam© symphonie 
concertante) and Schoeck 
(Concerto. Op 61 . with 
Gomau.ce no) 

1137 News. 12.00 Closedown 
VHF variations: - 
6.35amOpen unrversity;Royaf 
Academy Exhibition 1829. Until 


Special 1035 Glenroe 1130-1120 
CapBUn Scarlet and the My awo na 120 
Scoflisfi Nam 130-230 Scarecrow 
44)0 The Gams 5.15-5.45 Connec- 
tions 620-625 Scottish News end 

Crime Desk 1D25 Stindg 
Burning the Phoenix 1248 Late Cal 
12.10 Posawely Unemptoyed 1240 

TVQ Ae London except 925TVS 
■ I Outlook 1020-11 30 Hkn: Final 
AppokHnient (1 954) 120 TVS News 
120 Home Cookery dub 135-220 RJp- 
ede TVS News, tonowBdOy 
Country GP 5.12-MS TVS News Head- 
lines. foHownd by Connecbona 64)0- 
825 Coast to Coen 1020 Your Music 
1125 Bummn the Phoenix 1 125 
That’s Hollywood 1225 The Untouch- 
aOMs 125 Company. Ctosa. 

SW45S““- 1 HTVWHST^^l”; 

the Phoenix 1125 

touenebtas 125 Weather. Close. 


News and wwther. toSowN by 
Jayoe and the Wheeled Warriors 650 
Dwomia Highways 10-15 Glenroe 
1045 Urxcom Tates 1125-1120 The 
Friends Of My Friends 1220-14® 
Calendar Lunchtime Live l-ZOttetendar 
News 120 JixSQoesan Ho&sey 
220-220 The Parlour Qame 5.15-545 
Survival 520-625 CUtendsr 720 
There My Boy 820-920TJ Hooker 
1220 Off The Rack 1220 Close. 

C4/2 120 Ctamote' Days 120 A5oa 

220 Ffatebetom 2.1S imerval 220 
Fflnc Prince of Foxes (1950) 430 
Cadwaan 625 Straeon Y Byd 520 Klda’ 
Kafe (LOO BreokNde 620 IMG Tour 
de Franca 7.00 Newydtflon Seith 720 
Sorabang825Hywel Mogpn, News 
Headfaws 9.10 H» Street &uas 
Ran: Bed Sleep wea (1960) 1225 

toitowed by Cahfomte Highways 920 
Orphans a the fMd mis Fflm: Aocoum 
Rendered 11.15-1120 tongas of to- 
tanbull 20 HTV News 12tf 2^ A Coun- 
try Practice 615-545 Ddf rent 
Strokes 620625 HTV News 820-920 
Fsloon Crest 1020-1120 Mfetder 
1220 Mom's Best Friends 1220 weath- 
er. Ckwe. 


K^pm Wales or Six. 


Reports 920 Captan Scarlet and the 
Mjfcerons 925 About Britain 1020 Gra- 
nada Reports 1025 Crown Green 
Boudng 1125-1220 Granada Reports 
120 Grenada Reports 120 Crown 
Green Bowfing 228-220 Grenada Re- 
pons 325 Grenada Reports 320- 
400 Young Doctors 542545 
Aive 600 Grarwda Report* 6.30- 
625 This is Your RhM 820-920 Ftilcon 

Crest 1020-ll20ff 

MOce Hammer 1220 
Rovers. Close. 

News 920 Sesame Street 1 025 
Story ot Perseus 10454120 The Lttto 
House on the Pralne 12C “ 

News 125 Lookaromdl 
Baron 615645 The Parlour Game 
M3-SJ5 Northern LHe 840-920 Falcon 
Crest 1022-1120 Mum and Lucia 
1220 Industry Year 1«B 12.10 Ctosa. 

Girl 820-920 Falcon Crest 1020 About 
Britan 1120-1120 Arcade 1220 

• saoi Pre- 
ss. Eva* aem. 

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Fhst pabfished in 1785 


High hopes as Lyle 
walks to gallows 

By Mitcbell Platts 

Sandy Lyle will step on to 
the first tee at T umberry today 
with the eagerness of a man 
going to the gaJJows.The fear 
arises not so much from the 
knowledge that his reign as 
Open champion could last 
only a further four days, but 
from his concern to provide 
the patriotic crowd with the 
thought that the best is yet to 

LyJe is a proud man and he 
would be thoroughly disgusted 
with himself if he became a 
victim of the halfway guillo- 
tine. “I want to play well, I 
want to be in contention and 
I'm determined to be right 
there until the bitter end even 
if I don't win.” he said. 

Tony Jacklin. the last Brit- 
ish player to win the Open 
before Lyle's success at Royal 
St George's a year ago. thrilled 
his supporters at St Andrews 
in 1970 when he went to the 
turn in 29. His rhythm, how- 
ever, was interrupted by a 
storm. He was forced to leave 
the course at the 14th and 
return the following day. The 
momentum bad disappeared. 

Jacklin's defence that year 
continued an era when he 
dominated the Open Champi- 
onship. He might have won 
the coveted prize on three 
occasions but he has settled 
into retirement with the one 
winning memory. 

Lyle wants more than that 
He fits the requirements of a 
multi-winner because he is 
mentally as well as physically 
strong. His game is never 

straight-jacketed by pressure. 
He possesses the heart of a 
lion and the willingness of a 
shire horse. 

The problem is that the 
Open remains an elusive 
prize. Jack Nicklaus is the 
greatest golfer in the world but 
he has returned home on only 
three occasions as the champi- 
on. It is a tribute to his 
outstanding ability that he has 
so consistently emerged as a 
contender but undeniable evi- 
dence that no one player can 
any longer dominate the 

Tom Watson bas come 
nearest to that in recent times. 
He has five victories to his 

multiplies with each passing 
year without another victory. 
There is no doubt that the 
talent remains, especially with 
such artists as Watson, but the 
mind agonizes as the self- 
doubt erodes the confidence. 

It is often only when the 
pleasure of victory becomes a 
distant memory that some 
golfers can recapture the 
knack of winning, which is the 
case this year with Nicklaus 
and Raymond Floyd. Both 
have turned the clock back by 
winning the United States 
Masters and the US Open 

In so doing they have 
momentarily silenced the 

Profiles of the favourites, page 36 

credit — the first was at 
Carnoustie in 1975 — and 
another this week will enable 
him to equal the record of six 
held by Harry Vardon. 

Whether Watson has es- 
caped from the torment of 
losing such a chance at St 
Andrews two years ago, when 
he was palpably destroyed by 
Severiano Ballesteros, will 
again be examined. 

The problem is that the 
cycle of a champion can be as 
brief as it is brilliant. Arnold 
Palmer, sadly missing this 
year, won his seven champi- 
onships in a six-year span. 
Watson won his eight between 
1975 and 1983. 

When a golfer has elevated 
himself to the position of 
proven champion the pressure 

American critics who were 
becoming increasingly agitat- 
ed by the lack of success of 
their* countrymen while the 
power of European golf gath- 
ered strength with the exploits 
of Bernhard Laiiger, 
Ballesteros and Lyie. More- 
over. 12 weary players re- 
turned to the United States 
last September without the 
Ryder Cup for the first time 
since 1957. 

Langer, of course, followed 
in the footsteps of Ballesteros 
by winning the US Masters. 
The West German is one of 
the most resilient players in 
the game and be possesses the 
power and precision to win on 
Turn berry's Ailsa course. 

Greg Norman, of Australia, 
is possibly the finest player in 

the arena not to have won a 
big championship. Yet he is 
leading the money list in the 
US this season, which is no 
mean feat considering that 
Bob Tway. of the US, is 
enjoying a marvellous season 
with three victories. 

Yet in spite of the claims of 
such worthy contestants as 
Andy Bean and Fuzzy Zoeller. 
and of the Britons, Howard 
Clark and Sam Torrance, 
there can be little doubt that 
Ballesteros will be the man to 
beat when the 115th champi- 
onship begins. 

Ballesteros bas not won a 
big championship since he 
collected the Open for a 
second time with his success 
at St Andrews in 1984. Even 
so. he comes into this tourna- 
ment as the winner of his last 
four and with his confidence 
as high as it has ever been. 

"Confidence alone does not 
win championships," 
Ballesteros said. "But I have 
to believe that my form at the 
moment is so good that I must 
have an excellent chance of 
winning. For me the biggest 
opponent will be the golf 
course itself.” 

If the wind howls, as it did 
yesterday, there will be no 
shortage of casualties. Lyle, 
however, is determined that 
he will not be one of them and 
that by Sunday evening, if be 
is not the champion again, be 
will have at least acquitted 
himself to the best of his 
ability. Nobody can ask for 

Great minds thinking alike: Trevino, Watson and Nkklans trying to nnraveTtfce secrets of 
the bole nicknamed Fin’ Me Oot at Turnberry 

Great test for a modern knight of Ailsa 

By Mitchell Platts 
Sandy Lyle was an amateur requisitioned 
on the only previous occasion 

that Turn berry was employed 
as an Open championship 
venue, in 1977. He turned 
professional later that year, 
then, two years later, empha- 
sized his ability to graduate to 
the highest level in the game 
when he won the European 
Open on the Ailsa course. 

Today, Lyle is the Open 
champion. To assist his de- 
fence of the title he has the 
benefit of knowing that he has 
won on the course. “As a past 
winner at Turn berry I am 
bound to say that I like the 
Ailsa course,” said Lyle. "But 
it is a fact that I regard it as 
one of the best courses in the 
country. The strength of the 
wind, of course, will deter- 
mine how difficult it plays this 
week. But there is a mass of 
undergrowth and the inevita- 
ble gorse bushes to help 
protect the course. There are a 
number of very fine holes, 
many of which are potential 
card-wrecking ones. It pro- 
vides a thorough 

Turn berry is the latest ven- 
ue to be added to the roster of 
Open championship courses, 
a promotion that would have 
seemed unlikely when it was 

for a second 
time — it had been a training 
station for pilots from 1914 to 
1919 — at the start of the 
Second World War by the Air 

The countryside had been 
scarred by battle long before 
the evolution of golf, as Rob- 
ert the Bruce landed on this 
crajgy stretch of coastline on 
the Firth of Clyde to begin his 

T umberry was founded as a 
golf venue in 1903, and by 
1909 there were two 13-hole 
courses. The changing limes 
are reflected by an extract 
from a booklet, entitled Tales 
of Tradition from Turnberry, 
that was produced in the early 
part of the century: "At 
Turn berry, below the broken 
walls of what was once an 
impregnable castle and where 
now the lighthouse flashes 
forth its warning, instead of 
the beacon flare that told of 
raiders off the coast, the golf 
greens stretch — o'er what was 
once the castle chase. Here, 
plus fours are seen instead of 
glittering armour in tourney or 
in foray, and golf balls fly 
across the ground where 
hawking parties merrily rode 

Course for action 
engages Norman 

By JohnHennessy 

Champion’s view of 
the Open course 


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Hole 1 Ailsa Craig: Not a 
particularly difficult opening 
hole and a birdie opportunity. 
Could play as short as a one- 
iron and a wedge. Degree of 
Difficulty (out of 10): 5. 

Hole 2 Mak Siccar. A 
difficult driving hole. Often 
plays downwind, making it 
easier, but you must think 
ahead. If pin is on right, vital 
to drive left side of fairway. 
DD: 6 (if wind against, 11 

Hole 3 Blow Wearie. Tee is 
set fairly high up but the green, 
positioned quite low, can be 
obscured by grass mounds. 
Fairway extremely narrow 
and thick rough with grassy 
valleys on right-DD: 8. 

Hole 4 Woe-be-Ttde. Basin- 
type green shaped to kick the 
tell in; if you don't do this the 
undergrowth encircling green 
is wicked stuff. Depending on 
wind, will play to anything 
between six- and nine-iron. 
DD: 5. 

Hole 5 Fin 'me oot Length- 
ened by 30 yards, a more 
demanding hole than in 1977, 
with bunkers now very much 
in play. Drive to the right to 
get best approach. DD: 7. 

Hole 6 Tappie Toorie. Stand 
there and hope to hit a one- or 
two-iron dead straight If you 
do miss the green, n must be 
to the leftA reasonably large 
target can mean a monster 
putt DD: 7. 

Hole 7 Roon the Ben: 
Swinging left-hand dog-leg. 
and second shot best played 
from the righL With wind 
behind, a good birdie chance. 
DD: 6 (if wind against, 8). 

Hole 8 Coat Felt Slightly 
blind tee shot to a none too 
generous fairway, which 
slopes from left to rightEasy 
to miss the green on left, 
where grass can be very thick. 
DD: 6. 

Hole 9 Bruce’s Castle. One 
of best-known holes in golf 
but not one of my 
favourilesJJaddle- backed fair- 
way makes it difficult to keep 
ball on the straight and narrow 
— and drive must be struck 
hard and straight for a good 
view of the green. DD: 7. 

Hole 10 Dinna Fouter : 
Drive must be kept further 
right than you think to avoid 
straying onto beach — proba- 
bly a one-iron or three-wood. 
Can play relatively easy with 
no wind. DD: 6. 

Hole 11 Maidens: Well- 
bunkered hole, slightly up-hill, 
that can require a three- or 
four-iron. Out of bounds lurks 
on left and if pin is placed on 
front of green and to avoid 
bunkers you must not come 
up short. DD: 5. 

Hole 12 Monument: 
Lengthened by 57 yards, it has 
become imperative to hit the 
fairway. Bunkers on left very 
much in play and rough is 
very thick. DD: 6. 

Hole 13 Tic/dy Tap: A 
demanding driving hole. Very 
easy to miss fairway on the 
righL If you do you can be 
"dead” in the gorse. DD: 7. 

Hole 14 Risk-an-Hope. Nar- 
row fairway but the rough 
never seems too bad in this 
area. Drive down the right for 
best approach to a well- 
bunkered green. DD: 7. 

M Hole Yards Par 


452 4 





177 3 





448 4 





411 4 





440 4 





209 3 





409 4 





500 5 





431 4 





3477 35 




Total 8957 70 | 

Turnberry tee times 

x way and tomorrow 
I Ireland irtass sated) 

_ . Wires for 

(Great attain and ir 

7 JO today. 11 .£5 tomorrow: O Jones. R 
Stewart (Can) and G T Rncme. 740 and 

12 JJ 5 : D R Beman (U 5 ). A CftamJey end A 

S Murey. 7 JO and 12.15: F NoMo fNZ). J 

~&00 and 1250: 


. M BemOntJga 

and G W Ralph. 420 and 12JB: R Tway 
rust. G Brandjnr and V T Somers (Ausl 
840 and 1006 : R Ftoyd (US). M pSbto 
(S p) and G Norman (Au9j 045 and 1.106 F 
Zoe*er {USL C O'Connor n and V 
Fernandez (Argj. JL55 and 140: J Sntelar 
. - -- — * ^ p Sermr (Aus). 

P Parkin 

and J Hawks (SAL 1245 and 740 M 
Gray. D A Rusrsetf and *G McGanpMjr. 
12.15 and 7.40: E Webber (Zunj, A J 
Hunter and *A Cotton. 12J0 and 740: J 
Anderson (Can). ■ J G S Robinson and A 
Cnand tar. 12M and UO: 

}. L Mae (US) and J-M CSaz3baJ 

and 8.1ft j Gonzalez (BrazL ft 
Ratfanison (SA) and J Hatt. 1 JOB andi2ft 

J Maftaffey 


IZ IBrazL R 

(US). J Rivero 
sUK and 140: 

and D Watson (SA) 9.1 Sand 1A5:JIMer 
(US). D Smyth and M Kuramoto (Japan). 
s2s and llS: J Thorpe (US). O SeSbera 
(5we) and I E Startey (Aus). 9J5 and 2J>£ 
B A Zabnski (US), A P Broadway and A 
Brooks. 9A5 and 2.15: S RmtOciph (US). 
N Faldo and O Moore (Aus). ittOO and 
22Se G Cocb (US). J-M Cataares (Sp) 
and T Gaia (Aus). 10.10 and 23S= M 
O’Grady (US). M O'Meara (US) and R 
Rafferty- 1<L20 and £45: P Jacobsen 
(USL H dark and H Baoecfci (SA). 1030 
and Mft D A Wa&nra (USL A Gamdo 
(SO) and F Aten (SAL tWO and 3.10: R 
Mamae (US), m Jtmm end a Johnstone 
Rim). 1030 and 330: F CouXes (US). E 
Darcy and I Bafcsr-Fmdi (Ausl 

1UB and 130: H M Chapman. R 
Drummond and D J LteweByn. 11.15 and 
140: W Westner (Sal T Horton and Ho 
Man Chung (Taj). 11.25 raid 150: R 
Bonn. M A Foxon and S Banco. 1L3S 
and 4JOO: E Poiand. B MarcMank and D 
W&ams. HAS and 4.15: P Teravanen 
(US. T lanw (US) and P Walton. 11.55 

| a na42 St MHarwooa(Aus). M m amma ' dano wa ma gor 

Daves (Aus) 1.10 and C Pawn OJSL 
M G Moiriand and Lu Ha) Chuen (Tai). llS 
and 045: w Rogers (USL G Player JSAJ 
and R Charles 7 nzl 130 end 8J& S 
Verdanfe (USL P Way and G Marsh (Aus). 
145 and UK S Simpson (US). K Brown 
and J Band (SAL 1-55 n) 9.15: S 
Balesteras (Sp). O Hammond (US) and P 
Stewart (USL 

a* and JL2K A Bean (USL U Curry 
and P Fbwfer (Aug. 2.18 and B3K T 
Arran Ul (USL P 5 Atei and M CaNO 
(AusL 225 and Mi H Green (USL I 
Wcosnam end T Nakapna (Japan). 235 
— d ittOfc T K*i(USL S Torrance and D 
Grah»n_(AusL 245 and 1210: L Nelson 
.200 aed 
Brand andM 
. . . L3Q: S Lye. L 

Trevino rua and B Crenshaw (U$L320 
and IDrafc D Edwards (US). R Lae and S 
Canai (Japan). 330 and 1250: A 
Forsbrand (Swe). M Dayton (Aus) and G 
War. 140 and 11 Mk G JTurwr (NZ). N C 
Hansen and H V 'Francs. ISO and 11.15: 
D Dorman, r Commons (US) and W 
LpngmtT^JOand 1L2& G McCMny. P 
M Camg* and D A Cooper. 215 end 
11-35: AIJSowajAjB). IW 8 DM 5 and M 

[FrJ.AS J “ 

WKsnre (SAL 425 raid 1U5: E Dossart 
iOWcom and M Tapia (Fr). 

Hole 15 Ca Carry. 
Turn berry's very own valley 
of sin waits on green's right 
side to catch faded, pushed or 
sliced tee shot, especially since 
front right bunker has been 
removed. DD: 8. 

Hole 16 Wee Burn: AH you 
can see from the tee is left half 
of fairway, but the most 
difficult shot is the approach 
over Wilson’s BurnJf you 
shorten the hole with a good 
drive, a sound second shot can 
lead to birdie chance. DD: 5. 

Hole 17 Lang Whang: Nar- 
row fairway through shallow 
valley makes it difficult to hit 
large! with drive. Stray into 
the heavy grass among the 
sand dunes to the left and you 
can be looking at a six. If it 
plays easy, you will want a 
birdie each round. DD: 6. 

Hole 18 Ailsa Home: An 
examining hole, if not the very 
best (8th in championship 
golf. Drive can go into die 
bunkers left centre of the 
fairway, but out of bound is to 
the left and a mass of under- 
growth if you stray DD: 7. 

is back 

Los Angeles (Reuter) — 
John McEnroe wiD return to 
tennis next month, ending a 
six-month absence in which 
he became a father. McEnroe, 
still ranked seventh in the 
world, said yesterday he 
would play in the Stratton 
grand prix tournament on 
August 4, as a tune-up for the 
United States Open. 

"I'm probably in better 
shape than I ever was.” he 
said. "It might come back fast; 
I hope it does. "Asked if his 
"new-found niceness'' would 
extend to officials, he- said: 
"Hopefully. Some of it's just 
the willingness to accept 
sometimes that you're wrong. 
I've got to look at it different- 
ly, nor waste my energy.” 

Still all-ticket 

Leeds's away games next 
season will continue to be all- 
ticket matches. A request from 
Leeds was sanctioned by the 
Football Association yester- 
day following the success of 
last season's arrangements, 
when the Yorkshire dub re- 
stricted the sale of tickets to 
their season-ticket holders and 
members of the official 
supporters' dub. 

Greg Norman, never a man 
'to shirk a controversial issue, 
gave a new slant to the debate 
over the condition of the 
Turnberry course for the Open 
championship. "We may be' 
getting near the position,” he 
said yesterday, "when the 
players may consider taking 
legal action in the event of 

He thought it quite likely 
that a (flayer might damage a 
wrist in trying to rescue a 
wayward shot off the fairway 
and it might be possible that 
the R & A could be held 
responsible in law. 

“They sue for anything in 
the United States nowadays,” 
he added, and by way of 
illustration be recalled the 
heartrending experience of a 
burglar in Los Angeles who 
had slipped over with the swag 
bag on bis back. Hie burglar 
apparently had succeeded in 
an action in the courts against 
the owner of the property. 


so far held, the Masters and 
the United States Open. 

The severity of Turnberry, 
he thinks, reduces the number 
of possible winners to “12- 
15.” The course was the 
hardiest test of golf be had 
ever experienced, especially 
now that the wind had ar- 
rived. A score of 292, 12 over 
par, or even 295, could be 
good enough to win. Earlier in 
the week Ballesteros had 
talked optimistically about 
four or five under par. 

There had been much com- 
ment, Norman said, about the 
difficulties of the United 
States Open last month, "but 
Turnberry made Shinnecock 
Hills look like Augusta: Some- 
times you can’t see anywhere 
to drive out there. Allowing 
for the wimL the fairways 
realistically were sometimes 
only eight to ten yards wide.” 

• thought that you had to 

Budd is 
not yet 
out of 

By David Miller 

' The typists employed by 
Comm o nwealth Games F« 
ation would appear to ww 
inordinately slowly. How else 
could it take the federation; 
three days to produce the- 
doling of their decision »; 
Sunday that Zola Badd and 
Annette Cowley were ineligi- 
ble for the Edinburgh Games? 

There mast have been notes 
*■1™, so it is only a matter of 
producing a typed script and 
fairing it hy hand from one 
Edinburgh office to another to. 
comply with fire English 
council's request for a fuu, 
immediate explanation. 

The truth, need one suggest, 

is probably that Darid Dixon, 
the honorary secreta ry, i s 
having difficulty presenting 
the decision taken by Peter 
Heady, the federation chair- 
man, together with S S Raqd 
the legal adviser from Kenya, • 
and Mi ffi tflf , in such a way as : . 
to be conrindng. . 

Additionally, the longer the:, 
federation can stall, the less 
opportunity for England to 
challenge the legality of the 
decision in the courts so that 
the two competitors may stiff 
take part. 

' Sir Arthar Gold, England’s 
chairman, confirms that, until 
the situation is resolved, the 
subutissioD of the two entries . 
must hold, as otherwise the 
En glish council would be fail-„ 
mg .in their responsibility.' 
There Is, therefore, the pos»- 
bHity that Budd and Cowley, 
will stfi! be declared eligible by 
an English court, by whose law 

the federatiOiL, with registered 

■offices m London, is brand, f’i 
Confusion m the controver- 
sy has been fuelled by a 
suggestion, which appeals, to 
have been given in a broadcast 
with Robin Day by Rao^that! 
the federation accepted 
England's legal position botj 
questioned the evidence 
affidavit from the two com 
tors. -Hus would be a 
serums allegation. 

Verdict preceded 
the evidence 

He 1 _ 

make your score going out, 
"because in the back nine you 
RnnQiiQrtr ^ Eoing to shoot numbers” 

MlCu3Cl DOnaUaCiC, secr&* a |i a!..* <-,/• nmirnn nrtifnnnnr 

taiy of the R & A, seemed 

— .t ______ • . -■«- . ing a continuing wind from 

the same quarter, the south, 
but past experience and 

rather less than worried stiff at 
the prospect. "We do not force 
them to play,” he said. “It is 
like deciding whether (fr not to 
play out of a bush.” All the 
same he would check the R & 
A insurance policy. They were 
"indemnified for anything 
you could think of,” but he 
was not sure if anyone had 
thought about a player doing 
himself a mischief in the way 
that Norman had suggested. 

The rugged Australian must 
be on anyone's short list for 
the title this week in view of 
his d a z zlin g form so for this 
season. He leads the United 
States money list with the vast 
sum of 5547,000 (£370,000) 
and has made a strong run at 
the two main championships 

present expectations warn us 
against taking anything for 
granted. The forecast indeed is 
that the wind wfll come.from 
the west today and so present 
a new set of problems. 

There is something of a 
lottery in luck with the weath- 
er, according to Norman, with 
tee times ranging from 7.30 
am to 4.25 pin. "Starting from 
two tees would help everyone 
to get a fair share.” 

But such is his self-confi- 
dence and such is the quality j 
of his golf nowadays that you 
know he would back himselfl 
against allcomers in any con- j 
dilions. And with good j 

Evidence has emerged since 

Sunday which reveals Heady 

to have been more hasty iatLis 

rash to -appease the black 
nations of the Conunontrealth, 
and to be sHffering mere 
deeper nriscmceptiiMis, than 
was at first supposed. 

The impromptu meeting Was 
raeht forward whhoot no- 
tice from today to last Sunday 
because Heady believed tfaej ! 

issue was central to die firatj j 

withdrawal by Nigeria and! ! 

Ghana: which dearly it was 
not His attitude strengthened 

thebelief thata verdict preced- 

ed the evidence. 

Heady had stated that 

meeting lasted six hoars; 

Dick Palmer, secretary to 
En g li sh coracSL depostfed the 
documents with the 

at 1.15 on Sunday and a 

statement was already pre 

pared for release by artranc 

Immediately afterwards, tin 

boycotting countries were noti 
fied by the federation that tfe 
obstacle in their path had bee 
removed, extending th 
federation's misunderstandlii] 
of the boydm issue. The 
further clouded the fact t 

favour themselves by statinj 

that the Engtisb cn tmril y 
eed ip. advance . fo. accep 
their dedsaoo, whatever. 2 
might be, which Sir Arthaj 
has iimty denied to have beef 

A statesman-like 
stance needed 


McEnroe; ‘Better shape* 

Passarella fit 

Milan (Reuter) — The Ar- 
ltinian defender, Daniel 
:11a, who was unable to 

Shaping np 

Tim Witherspoon yesterday 
denied that he was ont of ] 
shape for Saturday's World 
Boxing Association heavy- 
weight championship bout 
against Frank Bruno at Wem- 
bley Stadium. The champion, 
claiming be would be in the 
best condition of bis life, said: 
"They said 1 had adrayraau’s 
belly, but I'm in tremendous 
shape.” Asked to remove his 
shirt and reveal his waistline; 
he said: "You wiff see it on 
Saturday night.” 

Sour seeds 

Hanover (Reuter) — The 
West German Tennis Federa- 
tion (DTB) have complained 
to the sport’s governing body 
about their seeding for the 
women’s ; Federation Cup 
team competition. They have 

Heady, 1 instead of scntfiW 
JBte a rabbit for his barrow* 
because he heard a gun bear» : 

in the next field, should 
have been taking a statesman- 
like^ stance and warning boy- 
cottine countries of sanctions 
at subsequent Games being 
token, against those nations 
who defected from Edinburgh 
on political grounds. 

Officials from Auckland, 
which k committed to stase 
the Games in 1990, are show- 
sraecstandaWe concern, 
could come during 
Games in Seoul 
m 3988 when the federation 
lave to elect the hosts for the 
^wmwealth Games of 

bran.countnes to pull out if 

play in the World Cup finals been seeded third behind the 
in Mexico because of an nicer, defending champions, 
is fit again, officials at his Czechoslovakia, despite the 
Italian club. Inter Milan, said West Germans having better 
yesterday: Passardla recently world ranking s. 

joined Inter from Fiorentina. T , _ 


Dean Bell the New Zealand want a life ban on any player 
Rugby League Test centre, has found guilty of dnig-takme. 
agreed to join Wigan when he The council of the Badminton 
completes bis contract with Association of England will 
Eastern Suburbs in Australia, discuss a recommendation bv 
Steve Halh weD. of Leigh, has the executive committee next 
signed for St Helens. .• *" Tuesday. 

well fie 

“®*” dders for 1994. The m<»£ 

SbX *5fc ld forfei ted, 
“^ through their own 

Pf*7 r ersrt >* one of the major 
.sp®r?tog exposure which they 
*“ Jamaica in 1966, 


IJ2H. reasons: Ste 

t he manner aim