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No 62.512 

IRA 18 freed 



Eighteen men found guilty 
on the word of Northern 
Ireland's first important Pro¬ 
visional IRA informer had 
their convictions for terrorist 

By Richard Ford 

their convictions for terrorist 
7it offences quashed by the Court 

» of Appeal yesterday. ‘ 





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Cheers from SO relatives 
and friends packing the public 
gallery greeted the ruling given 
during a two-hour reserved 
judgement by the Lord Chief 
Justice of Northern Ireland, 
Lord Lowry, sitting with two 
other judges. 

The self-confessed Provi¬ 
sional IRA informer. Christo¬ 
pher Black, was granted 
immunity from prosecution 
when he turned Queen’s evi¬ 
dence and brought 38 people 
into the dock at Belfast Crown 
Court to face terrorist charges 
in the longest trial in British 
and Irish legal history. 

Thirty-five of the 38 were 
convicted, mostly on the evi¬ 
dence of Black, described by 
his IRA colleagues as “a 
nobody who wanted to be 
somebody," but 22 appealed 
against their convictions and 
yesterday only four were 

Only seven of the 22 were in 
custody when judgement was 
given in the Court of AppeaL 
Among those freed were 
Kevin Mulgrew, aged 30, said 
at the trial to be the leader of 
the Provisional IRA active 
service unit in the Ardoyne 
area of north Belfast, and 
Gerald McLoughHn, aged 30. 

Both men had been convict¬ 
ed at the trial of murdering 
Sergeant Julian Connorry, a 
soldier in the Ulster Defence 
Regiment, who was shot dead 
at Belfast Zoo in 1981. 

The Lord Chief Justice said 
that Though the trial judge. 
Lord Justice Kelly, had great 
experience and had taken care, 
he had overestimated the 
honesty of Black. 

*“We do not know what 
conclusion would have been 
reached by a judge who as¬ 
sessed his evidence less 
favourably. We cannot put 

Christopher Black: Brought 
38 people into the dock. 

ourselves in his place and 
form a new assessment. As a 
result, with a very small 
number of exceptions, these 
convictions will have to be 

Lord Lowry said he was far 
from saying that on most of 
the main issues Black had 
been demonstrated to be a 

group of the appellants were 
IRA members. 

The quashing of the sen¬ 
tences is the laiest in a number 
of cases where the courts have 
rejected the evidence of in¬ 
formers before conviction and 
in the only other appeal of an 
informer case 14 men had 
their convictions quashed. 

Yesterday’s judgement 
came after an appeal hearing 
lasting 60 days but Lord 
Lowry said he did not consid¬ 
er it an appropriate step to 
order a re-lrial. He indicated 
that smaller trials involving 
fewer people might be better. 

Mr Mulgrew said he had no 
bad feelings towards Black as 
they had been imprisoned 
because of a conspiracy be¬ 
tween the Director of Public 
Prosecutions in Northern Ire¬ 
land. the RUC and the courts. 

Christopher Black was the 
first and as a result the most 
notorious informer who after 
his arrest in November 1981 
after taking part in an illegal 
checkpoint as a propaganda 
stunt for the Provisional's 
publication. Republican News. 
began naming names. 

This led to the arrest of a 
number of leading republicans 
in the Ardoyne area of Belfast 
and their subsequent trial 
which ended in August 1983. 

Yesterday's judgement is a 
further blow to the RUCs use 
of informers which have come 

Games ban on 
swimmer goes 
to High Court 

D- IaIhi /liwidhnilv 

of the 


By John Good body 

.Annette Cowley, the South 
African-born swimmer, win 
fight in the High Court on 
Monday for her place in the 
England team at the 13th 
Commonwealth Games which 
begin next Thursday m 

Edinburgh. . , 

Miss Cowley, who with Zola 
Budd- the athlete, was banned 
from competing by the Com¬ 
monwealth Games Federa¬ 
tion, was yesterday given 
permission in London by Mr 
Justice Peter Gibson to seek a 
High Court order for rein¬ 
statement. Miss Budd has not 
yel decided on any action. 

The Federation, which was 
represented in court yester- 

Fron tlin e dBemnra 

Amateur Swimming Associa¬ 
tion and the Women's Ama¬ 
teur Athletics Association said 
they were eligible. But the 
Federation’s advisers dis¬ 
agreed and on Sunday the pair 
were barred from the Games. 

The case can be heard in the 
English High Court becaure 
the headquarters of the 58- 
member federation are in 
London. The Court will judge 
whether the federation’s con¬ 
stitution. which English offi¬ 
cials agree is loosely drafted, 
has been correctly interpreted. 

The original presence of 
both competitors in the En¬ 
gland team was a secondary 
reason, after the British 
Government's refusal to im¬ 
pose full economic sanctions 
on South Africa, for the 
boycott of the quadrennial 
“Friendly Games". 

Three more countries. Pa- 


By Oar Sports News 

day. decided both competitors Three more countries, ra¬ 

wer* ineligible because they mu, New Guinea, Sierra Leone 
did not fulfil residential and ^ Bahamas yesterday 
qualifications. announced they would not be 

But the court case may not attending the biggest multi- 
be needed because the Fed era- eve nt in Britain since 

lion yesterday agreed under Edinburgh staged the 1970 
article 42 to hear an appeal on Games. 

Sunday from the English ]\ii nc countries are now 
Council for both competitors, boycotting these Games but 
This lime the full panel of the number may grow dramat- 
5— offiarrs will hear Eng- ically today when six frontline 
>ffi- -- 

The Government has re¬ 
ceived detailed and wide¬ 
spread evidence that team 
games like cricket, football 
and rugby onion are declining 
in state schools. 

Mr Richard Tracey, the 
Minister for Sport, who set np 
an inquiry last December, will 
consider what action is neces¬ 
sary when be receives reports 
from physical education orga¬ 

Among unpublished evi¬ 
dence received by Mr Tracey 
is that from the Welsh Rugby 

Union lamenting fewer boys 
are playing the sport at school, 
even in the heartland of rugby. 

The report says they- are 
being given a far wider choice 
of physical activities, many of 
which are not in competitive 
sports since it is believed that 
competition is not good for 
children. “Such a phUosphy 
needs to be very strongly 
challenged" says Mr Ray 
Williams, secretary of the 

Raymond Floyd, of America, wrapping himself op against 
the wind at the Open golf tournament yesterday. 

U1 -— , -- 

uai. under growing cnticism and 

He said it was regrettable have been discredited through 
yet inevitable that the Court of the rejection in court of m- 
Appeai could not uphold con- former evidence, the quashing 
victions for members of the of convictions on appeal ana 
Provisional IRA even though the retraction or refusal to 
it might feel sure, in the testify in court by 16 tnform- 
colloquial sense, that a large ers since 1981. 

Gales play 
havoc with 
top golfers 

f t 

•• •*. 

Tomorrow 1 London faces rise 

in night flights 

m m- , . I ITJitnp 

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■i ‘..Tr .e 

All hands 
to the pomp 

The Times begins its 
coverage with a look 
at the unsung 
guardsmen to 
dustmen — who will 
keep the ceremony 

By Michael Daily, transport Editor 

It recommends that the 
increase should be entirely in 
modern “quiet” aircraft which 
account for two-thirds of the 
total traffic, and which re¬ 
search shows to be less resent- 
Continned page 16, col 2 


• Yesterday’s £8,000 
prize in The Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition — double 
the usual amount 
because there was no 

winner ttie previous day 

—was won outngnt oy 
Mr David Pattison of 

• There is a 
£4.000 to be won today. 
Portfolio listpage21; 
rules and how to play 
information service, 

More night flights at 
Heathrow and Gatwtck were 
recommended by the Crvu 
Aviation Authority yesterday 
to cope with London’s ever- 

increasing air traffic. 

The proposal will lead to a 
clash between environmental 
and economic interests, and 
may prove unacceptable to a 
government with four margin¬ 
al seats in the Heathrow area 
alone as the general election 

But the longterm alterna¬ 
tive to more night flights in 
the London area-may be a 
second runway at Stansted. to 
which the Government is also 
strongly opposed on environ¬ 
mental grounds. 

The authority recommends 
an increase in night flights at 
Gatwick, at present limited to 
6.250 a ‘ year, between 
! 1.30pm and 6 JQam, and to a 
lesser extent at Heathrow 
where the current limit is 

' y €> ^ 

Nick Faldo, of Britain, yes¬ 
terday defied 45 mph winds 
with a round of 71, to take an 
early lead on the first day of 
the 115th Open golf tourna¬ 
ment, at Turn berry (John 
Goodbedy writes). 

The terrible conditions on 
the .Scottish seaside course 
meant no early golfer even 
equalled the par of 70. “Some 

of the best players in the world 

are being humiliated out 
there," said Greg Norman, of 
Australia, who had a round of 

“In these conditions, my 
score felt it was worth a 64. 

Ray Floyd, the U.S. Open 
champion, said that they were 
the worst conditions he had 
experienced in his life. 

But Faldo, who has been 
strikingly unsuccessful in the 
past two years after once being 
Britain’s premier player, tad 
birdies at the last three holes 
to lead the field. 

• Andrew Castle, who was pie 
British surprise at the Wim¬ 
bledon Championships, has 
been chosen instead of the 
more experienced John Uoyd 
to play Panl McNamee in the 
singles of today’s David Cup 
quarter-final tie against Aus¬ 
tralia at Wimbledon. 

Golf, page 28 and 30 
Tennis, page 27 

The pomp 

nine omcm »»»»* >•«“ *-*a? iwuj ■**? - 

land's claim that three oflj- African states meet in Harare, 
cers, after consulting their Tanzania, which has ai- 
colleagues by telephone, made ready said it will not be going 
the wrong decision. to Scotland, and Angola and 

Miss Budd bought a house Mozambique, which are not 
in Guildford last November part of the 

but has rarelv lived there. Miss are expected 10 pul pressure 
Cowley is at the University of on Zimbabwe, Zambia and 

•Texas and has not resided in Botswana also to wtthdraw 
Britain although she has said It they all[®8« e Ij^JJ a ™J 
that England is her future several Caribbean Islands are 
“domicileofchoice". ready to follow sun and the 

Both were originally indud- Games will be asJwdIy da:m- 
ed in the England team after aged as both ihe 1980 and 
legal opinion given to the 1984 Olympics. 

New high 
in adult 

Spain reflects 

The Spanish Government will 

"SSSffiSSE I IS^V^i^Oto 
SSferi 13 - m3r - 

Unemployment continued 
to rise last month, according 
lo official figures released 

The adult unemployment 

total rose by I&OOQ ' 10 
high of 3,220,400. In the 1- 

monlhs to J » n ^“fgft£g cn1 " 
ployment rose by mow. 

The unadjusted jobless to¬ 
tal including claimantschooi- 

leaver?, fell, as .? nor™J .n 

. -'- 1 ‘, 

• -Y 

‘‘t uf. 

y. ■ 


vSy Vihe day 
hegan , * 

Curbs lifted 

Government reslrieuons on 


in North Wales. # 

Cancer guide 



But the total did not include 
100.802 schooWeayers. who 
will not be ^jicdJto claim 

benefit until Septemben 

Average earnings rose oy 
7J per cent in ihe 1- months 

to May. stalls, page 17 

Ministers prepare for 
battle on spending 

A tough autumn battle over 
public spending was foreshad¬ 
owed yesterday as the Cabinet 
agreed to slick to its planned 
target of £144 billion For next 
year (Our Chief Political Cor¬ 
respondent writes). 

Within hours of yesterday's 
90 -minute discussion it was 
being admitted by govern¬ 
ment sources that the Star 
Chamber, the Whitehall court 
brought into operation in 
most years to arbitrate be¬ 
tween the Treasury and minis¬ 
ters. would have to sit again. 

Despite the obvious deter¬ 
mination of the Treasury to 
hold the line, the mood among 
supporters of ministers who 
have submitted bids for extra 
spending well above their 
departmental planned targets 
was surprisingly relaxed last 

It was clear that there is 
general agreement in the Cabi¬ 
net that carefully targeted, 
selective spending increases 
on areas such as health, educa¬ 
tion and housing must be 
allowed for electoral reasons 
as much as anything else. 

Agreement is further on on 
how much of that should be 
recouped by cuts elsewhere, 
the view supported yesterday 
by Mr Nigel Lawson and the 
Prime Minister; or by allowing 
the overall target to be over¬ 
run if the autumn discussions 
do not succeed in reducing the 

The scope for blurring the 
final outcome is smaller than 
it - was last year, and the 
Treasury's task correspond¬ 
ingly greater. 

The Cabinet, which also 
Continued on page 16, col 1 

By Alan Hamilton 

Hood up and windows 
closed, the 1902 State Landau 
drew up at the Abbey door. 
200 troopers of the Household 
Cavalry held their mounts 
obediently at a red traffic light 
in Victoria Street, and six 
mounted trumpeters sounded 
a fanfare. But no bnde 
emerged, and the Abbey west 
door remained resolutely shut. 

It was as though the whole 
scene might at any moment 
turn back into a pumpkin. 

The Central Band of the 
Roval Air Force was repre¬ 
sented by a quartet, and the 
route was lined by one soldier 
every 50 yards. It was as 
though the defence budget had 
been whittled down even 
more savagely than the worst 
nightmares of the chiefs of 

staff. . 

Bui it was no more than a 
rehearsal for next Wednes¬ 
day’s royal wedding, conduct¬ 
ed in the dawn hours before 
the traffic got in the way, and 
for the express purpose ot 
ensuring that the bride gets to 
the church on lime. The bnde 
herself was assumed to be sull 
wrapped in the embrace of 

It began at 5.59 am when a 
royal Rolls, bearing only its 
chauffeur, emerged from the 
Palace and proceeded at a 
crawl down the Mali. A family 
of tourists were already m 
position by the kerbside. At 
6.04 a Sovereign's Escort of 
the Household Cavalry, which 
will accompany the Queen on 
Wednesday, followed, the 
troopers in helmets but plain 

Continued on page 16, col 4 

Allies consult on 
Pretoria mission 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, field urgent 
talks with Mr George Shuta, 
US Secretary of Slate* yeste^ 
day in the hope of heading off 
mounting pressures in Wash¬ 
ington and London for tough¬ 
er economic sanctions against 
South Africa. 

Sir Geoffrey, who is^also 
meeting Vice-President Bush 
during his 24-hour stay, re¬ 
viewed lactics for his enucal 
mission at the end of this 
month 10 South Africa, which 
has already been rebuffed by 
Zambia arid Zimbabwe. 

Administration offirialssay 
that a negative response from 
President Botha could have 
grave implications for Presi- 

■ . n___nAll/*U 

foreign relations committee. 
He may, for the first lime, 
raise the prospect of future 

Altemativefy, the policy 
may be outlined by President 
Reagan in a policy speech 
eariy next week, during which 
he could announce plans to 
nominate Mr Robert Brown, 
the head of a public relations 
firm, as the first black US 
ambassador to South Africa. 
• Arms talks briefing: Sir 
Geoffrey also briefed Mr 
Shultz on the outcome of 
meetings in London with Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, the So¬ 
viet Foregin Minister, on arms 
control issues. 

Admistration officials saia 

grave implications ior rrc&i- Aomnuaiiuu y i “r“r J ^ , 
dent Reagan's battered policy they were increasingly hopelui 
of “constructive engagement”, that there would be talks 
Mr Shultz may next 

Wednesday unveil the out¬ 
come of a critical policy 
review towards South Africa 
in testimony to the Senate 

UHU “ ---, w 

between Mr Reagan and Mr 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
here in November or 

Leading .article, page 13 

Mr Tracey has also seen 
statistics from the Football 
Association showing a 71 per 
cent fall-off in the playing of 
team games in schools, among 
boys aged 9 to 16, between 
1948 and 1982. A paper from 
Mr Don Robson of the Nation¬ 
al Cricket Association admits 
there has been a reduction in 
standards and numbers of 
young people playing cricket. 

Mr Tracey set np the Inves¬ 
tigation after meeting the Cen¬ 
tral Council of Physical 
Recreation and a delegation 
from the governing bodies « 
team sports including Mr 
Peter May, representing the 
Cricket ConndL Mr Ron 
Tennick, the Rugby Football 
Union and Mr Charles 
Hughes, the FA. 

Because of the controversy 
the Physical Education Asso¬ 
ciation. to which many teach¬ 
ers belong, have set np their 
own inquiry which will be 
completed in December. Mr 
Tracey is also wmting for 
reports from the British Asso¬ 
ciation of Sports Advisers in 
Colleges and the British Asso¬ 
ciation of Advisers and Lecter- 
ers in Physical Education. 

The CCPR are also meeting 
the teachers muon and profes¬ 
sional organizations on July 
22 to get their views. 

The sports lobby has been 
encouraged by a speech last 
week by Mr Kenneth Baker, 
Secretary of State for Educa¬ 
tion, who said of the policy to 
abolish competitive sports in 
schools that it was a “sour and 
pessimistic dismissal of the 
competitive spirit. 

“Equality of opportunity 
means the achievers most be 
allowed to achieve. If you do 
not believe that then every¬ 
thing will sink into a grey 
mass of mediocrity." 

Spectrom, page 10 
Leading article, page 13 


By Philip Webster 

BT chief gets 
pay rise of 
55 per cent 

British Telecom spent £l?0 
million on modernizing its 
trunk network and £161 mil¬ 
lion on research in 1985, the 
company said in its report, 
published yesterday.. 

The chairman. Sir George 
Jefferson, received a 55 per 
cent pay rise to £172,000. 

The number of individual 
shareholders fell 5.7 per cent 
to 1.57 million. 

Details, page 17 

By Richard Lander 

1MW in Norfolk 

someS 1 fojjf emerged “ JKBSjWe 

Oxford passes 

Oxford University cteaill** "2«« fte Soviet Union end 
in chemistry- K3To. MS? £ 

Details, page 171 mgnu _—-“— 

rompanywaits for Bolshevik spoils 

«._a* „n another in Australia Mr Foster, 75, described the m Aoordii* to aJ**Ky 

bnBt up another in Australia 

vithin 15 years. ed story", adding “I just do not compensation claims * 

Neither tire mining compa- • - L _??r!3L. t* h«nn«i. million aeainst the Soviet 

1 iT.iJ^uu- mV Rnc- 

_ ipWebst 
'Chief Political 

The Prime Minister yester¬ 
day confirmed the shift in the 
Government’s stance on sanc¬ 
tions against South Africa. 

In the Commons she prorn^ 
iscd to “cany out faithfully” 
the European Council accord 
which said that further mea¬ 
sures against South Africa, 
including a ban on new invest¬ 
ment and a ban on imports of 
coal, iron and steel would be 
considered if the mission by 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For¬ 
eign Secretary, to South Africa 
ends in failure. 

Although Mrs Thatcher in¬ 
sisted that such measures 
would not be automatic it was 
the clearest hint that she has 
riven that she believes funner 
measures may have to be 

Various government de¬ 
partments are believed to be 

drawing up contingency plans 
for possible sanctions after the 
Foreign Secretary's warning 
on Wednesday that more mea¬ 
sures mighl have tobeiakwh 
Other measures could include 
a ban on South African wines. 

■ C- 

in chemistry, 

fences and onemal^ud'g 

are published today 


, -.A 

Howe Ne«s 2-4 
Overseas 9 * 
Arts , . 15 
Births, deaths, 
marriages « 
Easiness 17-» 

Crwswwd® 10.16 

SSW. 8 



Sale Room 







j.etc 29 
Weather 10 

—i.y^ South Africa 

nv, miivi l am watching events just as gorermram -q. Mrs Thatcher continued tj 

vm,m - 

claim to the compensation tt u jgau, w ho died recently. Claims registered by Mr 

„ m seized in the will be paid out JJIb^ toe After Rnss ian interests Urqiihart included Vh miUioii 

terms of this weeks agree- confiscated, Mr Ur- ^ of freehold and l^sehoW 

jc a possible £6 menu quharf became involved m bmi in the Urals and Siberia, 

rtmioensation that rrtl5n Myers, MTM’s mining enterprises in France, 12 lead, copper and gold 

^ ^respect of the ^ b lic affairs manager southern Africa and Australia, mines, 250 mife§ of railway, M 

■5 industrial and SW from where he provided a much- mills, eight nver stiamj 

vasI SfnJ&ire owned by Mr «?.^Since the an- needed injection offimds to the ers, 24 barges and cash, gpld 

Prof^irmtotT swash- ’ conpfe of (toys developnrent of mining at the bu jlion and stocks worth £3 

ffi-rSsas ESafiaaS ssxsssrsss 


stress that the Government s 
aim was to bring about an end 
to apartheid by negations. 
Some of her Cabinet coL 
leagues yesterday .acknowl¬ 
edged ihe new attitude that 
existed. Sul they sa.d lhat ib c 
Prime Minister had succeeded 
in making out a case against 
general economic sanctions. 

The most likely measures 
now would essentially be ges¬ 
tures. but important gestures, 
it was said by one senior 
Cabinet source. 


MoD spending 
controls ‘a 


session for 

By Peter Davenport 

By Rodney Cowtou, Defence Correspondent 

The inability of the Minis- profit haying declined from 21 
try of Defence to control per. cent in 1981/82 to '9 per 

expenditure on defence equip- cent by value in 1985/86. 
mem “has been one of the 

most conspicuous records of ?nc committee says We 

failure in the whole field of note MoD’s optimism regard- 
public accounts”, the House ing the prospects for increased 

“ — __ n i t infAmnttnn*»l rvtllonAnfiATl in 

of Commons Public Accounts international collaboration in 
Committee says in a report the development of new 

published yesterday. . ■ - . . - . , 

-In previous reports the heavyweight torpedoes, and 
committee has severely criti- the greater effort that we were 

equipment, in particular on 

creed the management, of the told is now being devoted to 
Ministry's torpedo pro- -pursuing possibilities for col- 

gramme.' and doubled wheth- laboraiioit although we regret 
er value for money was being the fact that it has taken J )' 
obtained years or, more to reach this 

er value for money was being the fact thi 
obtained. years or- rr. 

However, in yesterday’s re- position, 
port they “welcome the latest « Bu , in 
evidence of progress in the n 

various measures being taken fij 

by the Ministry, belated 
though it is, w tecuj* bettor natjonal c 
value for money from the mMn , n r 
resources invested in the tor- valliefnri 
pedo programme.’ 1 Howevet\ -“^nrem 
they regret that some current 
initiatives were not pursued 
by the Ministry earlier. 

They record the more com- 
menrial approach bei ng adopt- consofeuou 


65 per cent of contracts tor ArrvMmf*" 
equipment being placed , by - Accout \^ 
competition, and the reduc- The Torpea 


“But in view of their poor 
record in controlling costs and 
in their feilure adequately to 
secure competition and inter¬ 
national collaboration as a 
means of achieving better 
value for money, we reserve 
judgement on whether there is 
sufficient evidence of determi¬ 
nation to control expenditure 
on defence equipment, which 
has been one of the most 
conspicuous records of failure 
in the whole field of the Public 

The Torpedo Programme and 

lion in the proportion of Design and Procurement of 
contracts providing for pay- Warships. House pf Commons 

ment of cost plus a percentage Paper 40 6 - HMSO, £3.10); 

Woman to Dismay at night 
“egal flying proposals 

WatChdOg By Robin Young 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Master of the Rolls has 
nominated a woman lobe the 
first chairman of the Solicitors 
Complaints Bureau, -which 
will investigate tramplaints 
from dissatisfied clients from 
September 1. 

Miss Jean Horsham, CBE, a 
member of tbe Council on 
Tribunals and a lay. member 
of the Law Society's profes¬ 
sional purposes committee 
which will be handing over its 
powers to tackle complaints, 
said:*! am committed to see¬ 
ing tfiar The" Solicitors’. Com¬ 
plaints Bureau' provides an 
independent scffitiltypvef the 
handling- of ; complaints 
against solicitors.” 

“To command the confi¬ 
dence of the public-and the, 
respect of solicitors-it must 
provide an efficient and effec" 
live service” 

It was also announced that 
its director will be Mr Peter 
Thompson, head of conduct 
and standards in the society's 
professional purposes 

He said that the bureau, 
which will be substantially 
independent of the-Law Soci¬ 
ety. was a.“bold initiative". 

- The bureau,4ojbe housed in. 
Victoria, London, separately 
from the Law Society's head¬ 
quarters in Chancery Lane, 
-will comprise two commit¬ 
tees: the investigations com¬ 
mittee to handle the 
complaints first; and the adju¬ 
dication committee, which 
will decide if professional 
disciplinary sanctions are 
called for and . if neccesary. 
prosecute cases before the 
independent Solicitors' Disci¬ 
plinary’ Tribunal. 

People living near 
Heathrow and Gatwick air¬ 
ports yesterday reacted with 
anger to Civil Aviation Au¬ 
thority. proposals' that restric¬ 
tions on night-time flying 
■should be lifted.. 

Mrs Evelyn Atlee, chair¬ 
woman of toe Federation of 
Heathrow Anti-Noise Groups, 
said: “We are surprised that 
they should hope to get away 
with this, and we shall certain- 
■ ly fight it to the death. We 
want toe restrictions tight¬ 
ened, not lifted.” 

Mrs Atlee said : British 
Airways were already landing 
long-haul -flights^ into 

I Heathrow JOur during -the 

night so they could observe- 
1 noise,1xiIn£rtibhs 
airport J '”'.. 

“We are extremely con¬ 
cerned that .tjjere mztynow bft 
-a move- -to - readauf -darter 
flights, to.,Hj?atoroito and. to fly 
at off-peak times, : so that local, 
.residents will have ho period, 
of quiet at all”- •' 

Last year the federation 
took three cases to the Europe¬ 
an Court on behalf of 
houseowners, who daimed 
that their lives were made 
I intolerable by aircraft noise. 
One won the right to be 
bought out by toe British 
Airports Authority and a sec¬ 
ond won compensation. The 
third is yet to be decided, 
while another. 20 are now in 

The London Borough or 
Hounslow, where Heathrow is 

situated, has already com¬ 
plained that toe monitoring of 
night-time laxi-ing at 
Heathrow’s new Terminal 
Four is inadequate, and has 
produced readings of its own 
to show that toe introduction 
of allegedly quieter planes has 
brought no improvement. 

A 28-strong consortium of 
local authorities in toe South¬ 
east are to meet on Tuesday to 
discuss their reactions to toe 
CAA proposal. 

Though most aircraft are 
now fitted With “quiet” en¬ 
gines. planes are also getting 
larger, and noise limits for 
bigger planes are higher. This 
means that many planes, per¬ 
mitted under the new rules, 
•are * actually r noisier than ' 
smaller “noisy" planes, such 
as Tridents, which have now 
been modified or phased out 

The Consumers' Associa¬ 
tion, the publishers of WJiich?, ■ 
says it is at night that people 
are most affected by:aircraft 
noise. They recently said that 
regular disturbance of sleep 
could have major psychologi¬ 
cal effects. 

.The opponents of toe CAA 
scheme also emphasize that 
Mr Graham Eyre QC toe 
Airports Inquiries Inspector, 
whose report was published in 
December 1984, concluded 
night operators already caused 
so . much disiuitmnce . at 
Heathrow and Gatwick that 
night flights should be further 
reduced or even totally 






. -.The adjudication commit: 
tee is to- be chaired by Mr. 
Philip Ely,--a Law Society, 
‘council member who-headed 

■the -society's internal inquiry 
into the notoriousLeslie. Par;. 
sons case.-. 

■That inquiry was severely 
critical of toe society’s han¬ 
dling of toe case in which a 
former council member was 
struck off after overcharging 
Mr Parsons by £130,000. 

Books, legal advice and 
technical expertise will soon 
be available on compact disc 
(Bill Johnstone writes). The 
discs, about toe size of a beer 
mat and used by record com¬ 
panies for high-quafity stereo 
muSic, are to be exploited by a 
new venture in electronic' 

Thirty of Britain's top pub¬ 
lishers have joined forces to 
launch toe Knowledge Ware¬ 
house, an archive from which 
information will be published 
in electronic form. The com¬ 
pact disc is the first electronic 
means to be used. 


By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 


Auction record set for 
unusual silhouette 

By Geraldine Nonna ru Sale Room Correspondent 

Silhouette portraits were toe 
poor man's substitute for min¬ 
iature paintings in toe late 
eighteenth century but at Phil¬ 
lips on Wednesday afternoon 
a new auction price record was 
set for a silhouette at £3,620 
(estimate £800 - £1,200). 

The silhouette was an ex¬ 
ceptional one _by Wiliam 
Welling dated 1784. Instead of 
a single portrait head, a wom¬ 
an and a man are depicted at 
. their tea. table with a hand¬ 
some silver tea urn while a 
little dog -watches them.. . 

: - Welling specialized inihese 
little genre scenes and - his 
work is keenly sought by. 

A sale. of .coins and 
banknotes at Sotheby's yester¬ 
day secured a healthy- lesult 
for what is a rather depressed 
market Among toe curiosities 
was a special restriking in 
• silver of Queen Victoria’s 
1837 crown which secured 
£2.310 (estimate £400 — 
£500). It Is one of toe first 
items specially issued- for 

' An entrepreneur called 
J. Rochelle Thomas issued a 
set of 150 silver impressions 
from toe old dies in 1893. In 
the standard reference, book 
on crown pieces his issue is 
described as “an expensive 
piece of numismatic junk". 

The paper money, included 
the rare five-shilling, 
halfcrown and shilling notes 
printed during the 1914 - 18 
war in case a serious shortage- 
of silver developedJThey were ■ 
never issued and: were sup¬ 
posed to have been pulped in 
toe 1920s but some survived 

A new vaccine that prevents 
rabies in patients bitten by 
rabid animals could soon be 
the first choice worldwide for' 
treatment of tbe disease. 

Successful tests of the vac¬ 
cine -were reported in The 
Lancet yesterday by research¬ 
ers who say it is safe, easy to 
use and cheaper than the most 
common vaccine in use. 

Most rabies vaccines carry a 
risk of fatal Inflammation of 
the brain either as a side effect 
or because they do not prevent 
the onset of the disease. 

The best vaccine, human 
diploid all strain vaccine 
(HDCSV) is used in only 
about 7 per cent of cases 
worldwide because it is neither 
cheap nor plentiful. 

The new form, known as 
purified vero-cell rabies vac¬ 
cine (PVRVX is being used in 
Thailand, aid a course of it 
costs less than half than that 
of HDCSV. 

The vaccine was tested on 
106 patients bitten by animals 
with rabies. Although the 
death rate from the disease is 
about IS per cent in untreated 
cases, all patients were alive 
and well a year later, and side- 
effects were negligible. 

The five-shilling note made 
£1.100 (estimate £400 - 
£600). the halfcrown £1.320 
(estimate £500 — £700) and 
the rare shilling £1,870 (esti¬ 
mate £500 — £700). 

.The tests were carried out in 
a collaborative project involv¬ 
ing British, French and Thai 
Specialists. “This safe new 
vaccine is easy to use, could be 
marketed much more cheaply 
than HDCSV, and should 
become a vaccine of choice 
worldwide,” they say in The 

Sotheby's sale of English 
silver totalled £315,876 with 
17 per cent unsold. The top 
price was £33.000 (estimate 
£25,000 - £30,000) fora 1735. 
30 oz Paul de Laraerie coffee 

$1.75: Yugoslavia na 400. 


Mr John Stalker, toe sus¬ 
pended Deputy Chief Consta¬ 
ble of Greater Manchester, 
was questioned for six hours 
yesterday about his relation¬ 
ship with Mr Kevin Taylor, a 
businessman and former 
chairman of toe city’s Conser¬ 
vative Association. 

Mr Stalker was interviewed 
by Mr Colin Sampson. Chief 
Constable of West Yorkshire, 
the officer heading the inquiry 
into disciplinary allegations 
against him. 

It came seven weeks after 
toe beginning of toe investiga¬ 
tion into allegations that toe 
Deputy Chief Constable had 
kept unwise associations with 
known, criminals. 

After the meeting at toe 
West Yorkshire Police head¬ 
quarters in Wakefield, Mr 
Stalker “1 am glad some 
progress has been made.” 

Mr Stalker said that his role 
as head of an inquiry into an 
alleod shoot-to-kill policy by 
toe Royal Ulster Constabulary 
had not been discussed. 

Mr Stalker was removed 
from that investigation when 
toe disciplinary allegations 
against him were disclosed on 
May 29.. . 

Mr Stalker said that be had 
been told by Mr Sampson that 
he expected to.complete his 
record within a month and 
submit it to the Police Com¬ 
plaints Authority 

i - <■ 

Sharon Donaldson, aged 19, from Leeds, bounding into a year's BP Dance Apprent iceshi p, 
sponsored by the oil company, with the Extemporary Dance Theatre, London, yesterday 

(Photograph: John Voos). 

New chief 
for British 

QC fights ban on 
Wapping protests 

By Robin Young 

Mr Richard Frauds, until 
recently managing director of 
BBC Radio, is to be the next 
director-general of the British 
Grand). Mr Frauds, who is 
52, will take over the £55,000 
post from Sir John Burgh on 
his retirement next summer. 

Among the candidates he is 
believed to have beaten for tbe 
appointment is a senior Brit¬ 
ish ambassador still serving 

The British Council oper¬ 
ates in 82 countries, and is 
responsible for promoting 
Britain through cultural and 
educational links with other 
countries. It employs 4,200 
people and has a budget this 
year of more than £220 
mill ion. 

Sir John has complained 
vigorously tom: the Govern¬ 
ment ' undervalues the 
Council's work and r has. al¬ 
lowed its grant to decline to a 
level at which : toe - GrancaF 
cannot; compete with its 
French and - German; 

Mr. Francis will be the 
Council's sixth director-gener¬ 
al since it was formed in 1974. 
and toe first broadcaster to 
hoki the post He joined the 
JBBC as a trainee in 1958, and 
worked in radio features, light 
entertainment and current af¬ 
fairs before moving to 

Freedom of speech should 
not be confined to Speaker's 
Corner, it was claimed in toe 
High Court in London 

The print unions would be 
in “gross dereliction” of their 
duty to members if they did 
not “powerfully and. 
articulately” express their 
grievances by organizing, 
marches and demonstrations; 
outside News International’s 
plant at Wapping. east Lon¬ 
don, Mr James Goudie, QC 
for toe National Graphical 
Association, said 

Speaking on toe sixth day of 
News International’s attempt 
to curb what it says is unlawful 
picketing, marches and dem¬ 
onstrations outside its high- 
technology plant Mr Goudie would inevitably in¬ 
volve mass demonstrations. ; 

He told Mr Justice Stuart- 
Siriitb that - it 'was 
“preposterous” to suggest toe 
unions should forgo their 
entitlement^ to exercise free-' 
doin'"of assembly, limit the 
^numbers or demonstrate 
somewhere else “wholly 

The fact was that 5,500 
“loyal” employees were dis¬ 
missed in toe “cheapest possi¬ 
ble way". They and their 
families were left with a strong 
and binding sense of grievance 
about that conduct and many 
people - felt sympathy with 
them, Mr Goudie said. 

Judges hear MI5 case in camera 

The Court of Appeal went 
into camera yesterday so that 
allegations of “criminal. 
misconduct" in toe Secret 
Service could be discussed 
The court was hearing toe 
case involving toe disclosures 
of Mr Peter Wright, a former 
senior MI5 officer. 

Sir John Donaldson, Master 
of toe Rolls, and Lord Justice 

Mustilt and Lord Justice 
Nourse agreed to sit in private 
to hear toe final submissions 
ofMr Anthony Lester, QC, for 
The Guardian and The Ob¬ 
server newspapers, which are 
appealing against an injunc¬ 
tion obtained by toe Attorney 
General in the High Court, 
banning them from publishing 
toe allegations. 

The injunction was ob¬ 
tained after toe publication of 
two articles in the newspapers 
alleging unlawful acts by secu¬ 
rity service officers. 

The court later resumed in 
open hearing for submissions 
on behalf of Sir Michael 

Judgement was reserved to 
a later date. 



jury sent 
to hotel 

By Michael Horsnell 

The jury in the £26 million 
Brink’s-Mat gold bullion rob¬ 
bery trial at toe Central Crimi¬ 
nal Court were sent to a hotel 
last night, six hours after 
retiring to consider their 

Seven men have been ac¬ 
cused of plotting to dispose of 
toe proceeds of Britain's'big¬ 
gest robbery at the security 
firm’s Heathrow Airport ware¬ 
house in November 1983. 



Viv Richards receiving his honorary degree. 

The prosecution has alleged 
that toe mastermind of the 
conspiracy to “fence” toe gold 
was Kenneth Noye, aged 39, 
from West Kingsdown, Kent 

Cricketer honoured by 
Exeter University 

Viv Richards, the West Indies 
cricket captain and- Somerset 
all-rounder, received an hon¬ 
orary doctorate in letters from 
Exeter University yesterday.. 

Richards learnt of his latest 
honour while the West Indies 
were crushing-England. In the 
England team were Richard 
Ellison and Paul Down ton, tbe 
wicket keeper, both Exeter 

Professor Ivan Roots told 

the degree congregations that 
the cricketer, aged 34, came 
from a deeply Christian family 
and his advice to England in 
future Test series against the 
West Indies was “to pray 
longer and harder”. 

He added: “The acrid smell 
of England’s last tour of the 

Caribbean Is still in oar nos-, 
trils. Prime among the rakers 
than._aiid .earlier was Issac 
Vivian Alexander Richards.” 

Statistics clustered around 
Richards-like iron filings at 
the pole of a magnet. Professor 
Roots said. 

In toe dock with Mr Noye 
are Brian Reader, aged 45, 
from south London; Terence 
Patch, aged 41. a contractor 
from Felion, near Bristol; 
Garth Chappell, aged 42, a 
director of Litton, Somerset; 
Thomas Adams, aged 25, an 
asphalter, from . Islington, 
north London and' Mdttto 
Constantino, aged 66, a jewel¬ 
ler from Whetstone, north 
London. - : 

True to form, Richards 
broke another two records at 
yesterday's ceremony in the 
great hall of the university. He 
became the youngest honorary 
graduate and the first sports¬ 
man to be selected for an 
honorary Exeter doctorate. 

They all deny conspiring to 
handle stolen gold and fraudu¬ 
lently conspiring to contra¬ 
vene toe 1983 VAT acts. 

Union in DPP gives 
campaign fresh hope 
for wage in H tton 


A national campaign to help 
eight million workers said to 
be on-.toe .breadline was 
' launched - yesterday amid 
claims that a future labour 
government would introduce 
a statutory minimum- wa^,. 
supported by the Trades: 
Union Congress. 

Mr Garfield Davies, general 
secretary of the shopworkers’ 
union Usdaw, which -repre¬ 
sents a high proportion of low- 
paid workers, said that £80 a 
week had been suggested as a 
starting figure, but that the 
union wanted to work towards 
at least £120 a week as a 
minimum wage- . 

He said that the aim was to 
link the wage to a rate of £3=00 
an hour, since many employ?, 
ers were resorting to taking on 
part-timers at rates lower than : 

| those.paid to full-timers. 

Mr Larry Whitty, Labour 
Party general secretory, sakfc 
“We are committed- to 
strengthen toe wages councils, 
.restore protection for young 
I workers, women workers and. 
part-time workers” 

Mr Derek Hatton, the.Liv¬ 
erpool rebel councillor, is 
counting on the Director of 
Public Prosewtioristrigethinv 
back into toe Labour party. 

He believes his expulsion 
for membership of-Militant • 
Tendency wasdueib-p^itto 
the 18-monto police investiga¬ 
tion into his expense&J -w- 

But this week 'toe Director 
of Public Prosecuti ons de ared. 

. Mr Hatton, announcing that; 
he will not be prosecuted! 

Mr Hatton says the de cision 
proves not only his innocence- 
bUi also his truthfulness. At¬ 
tacking the Labour executive, 
he told a press conference: 
“There-:is a' link .between 
what's happened nowandthe.. 
expulsions. - . •~ 

. :*Roy Hanersley came out 
riot long ago, saying toetewas 
•literalcorruption in mis-city*.. 
He added:: “This decision by 
toe DPP has vindicated eyery- 
thmg .we have said from the 

He added:"For the- first 
time I believe; we have 
commitment by both the. La¬ 
bour Party and -toe TUC for a 
statutorily supported mini¬ 
mum wage; and that is good 
news for all workers in the 
retail trade, whichis the third 
worst paid.” 

The decisionm»t<* prose¬ 
cute should also have.a bear¬ 
ing on .toe'-High Court action 
against toe. city's. 47 -Labour 
councillors overddayed bud-. 

The large majority of people 
with a strong sense of griev¬ 
ance will keep within toe law 
when expressing it, he added. 
But there will always be those 
who in their zeal “go over the 
top” and act unlawfully. 

“If because of that you say 
the lawful majority cannot 
demonstrate, , that is wholly 
destructive of toe freedom of. 
assembly in relation to issues 
about. .which people feel 
strongly,” Mr Goudie said. 

The union accepted a sense 
of grievance did not justify 
violence. In a statement read 
to the court, Mr Tony Dub¬ 
bins. toe NGA’s general secre¬ 
tary, said: “The NGA does not 
condone violence." 

The -Usdaw campaign 
launch was preceded by a 
wreath-laying ceremony at 10 
Downing Street to mark the 
"burial” Of young workers' 
legal minimum wage protec¬ 
tion.. The Government’s 
Wages Bill removes toe under- 
2 is from the protection of 
wages councils. 

■ And be cfaallebged lii^'Lib- 
eral opponents to foot the bill 
for the police investigatiop-a 
figure - he estimates . to' be 
£100,000.. ■ 

The ingniry intoxications' 
of claiming expensesio which 
be was dot entitled, begonia , 
February ^ last'lyed^" was 
prompted by complaints froqi 
:Sr Trevor Jones, toe Liberal 
leader, and Coundflor Rose¬ 
mary Cooper-v ... • ."• 

. "Wtshalfbe caipng d* toe : 
Director of Public^ Prosebi- ; 
lions and-the district auditor 
to involve toemsdvesmthat; 
wastepf money,” MriHatton . 
saidL ‘ •• :.r,s 

Police checksfor 5 
jobs with children 

Mr Goudie said: “We won¬ 
der what we are doing here at 
alL” .In 1.250 pages of evi¬ 
dence put forward by JSfews 
International there: were .only 
“glancing 11 '.references 1 _tp the- 
NGA :among , the “great' 
tranches” pf evidence relating 
to Sogai ’82. • .' V' 

News International arid five 
associated companies;''are", 
seeking injunctions agains t 
the NGA and Sogat ’82 re¬ 
straining unlawful picketing, 
nuisance, obstruction, inter¬ 
ference with employees and 
distributors of The Times, The 
Sunday Times. The Sun and 
Ne>vs of the World. 

Tbe hearing continues to¬ 

People who work with chiK 
drenarc to be checked against 
. police criminal records m an 
attempt, to eliminate sex 
offenders. . 

The Home Office yesterday 
announced .arrangements far 
local authorities to gain access 
to police records on staff and 
volunteers working with chil¬ 
dren and similar guidelines 1 
will be released in tbenext few 
months for toe ‘National 
Health Service anfl indepen- 
dort'schools. - ‘- 7 

- -The move comes after an 
wterdeparimemaT inquiry 
into toe miiixler 'of ffgiririged' 
four, by a sex offender, who 
was. employed tty . a local- 
authority as a babysitter. • 

Mr David Mellon a junior 
Home Office minister, .said: 
“Although we can-never guar¬ 
antee that people with 
paedophile and other perverse 
natures won't be employed, it 
will filter out people with 
convictions.. .. 

“Every, conviction on 
.record will be disclosed. I 
think people are concerned 
about child abuse but realize 
that iu some instances, how¬ 
ever vigilant, it -can’t be 

“I would not care to be a 
local authority which did not 
run a proper check if these 
arrangements were in force.” 

^“substantial aeces^ to chit . 
dren would be givetf a form 
risking them to agree to pplice. 
checks. ..- v 

•Theseinclude teachers, pro- ; 
bation officers, social workers, 
and steff in children's homes. 

.. .. Senior : local authority staff : .- 
would work with pofice chief - 
inspectors to gain access to.. 
criminal records. ;- • 

■ Mr r MeUor said toat.petiple 
with 'access • to- the -police .- 
records-would -have [difficult 
decrstW-to iriake, but the*?' 
alternative was to "cany on • 
with a‘system i wbereOffendm ■ 
were abfe fo Wuff toeir way 
into positions. ?;. ';' • 

He added; “If one "of two 
people with minor blemishes 
iri. the past were riot -offered. ■ 
jobs then ; that-, would/ be ' 
unfortunate. '.r 

It is envisaged that, records • 
would be destroyed afters use. 

The inquiry, which resaltedm 
the aiTangeCTients berng drawa : 
up, was into toe cased££ofin. 
-Evans, who had niurierous; 
convictions for oflfeneefr 
against children. . 

He was sentenced to: lifo 
imprisonment for tollingM»- 
rie Payne in 1984 whflebewas ^ 
a babysitter . for . a ^ local 
authority. . '. 

Leading artide, gsge 13 

South African food 

sales increasing 

A university spokesman 
said Richards was chosen 
because of his brilliance as a 
cricketer and because of his 
encouragement to youngsters. 

A seventh man, Michael 
Lawson, aged 37, a director, 
from Hextable. Kent, denies 
conspiring to handle toe sto¬ 
len gold with toe others. 

Extra security was taken iri 
court where the trial has been 
1 going on since May 6.. 

Political controversy over 
South Africa and toe prospect 
of trade sanctions have had a 
negligible effect on. consumer 
attitudesjMthougb some peo¬ 
ple have refused to buy South 
African produce for many 
years: imports continue to 

. Last year, Britain 
importedabout £150 million: 
of food, predominantly fresh 
fruit and vegetables, from 
I South Africa. Greengrocers 
and supermarket are packed 
with Cape citrus fruit, apples 
and grapes. Pears, plums, 
peaches, melons and apricots 
also have a very high quality 
reputation, and there is no 
obvious alternative source of 

However, the mam import¬ 
ing period is virtually at an - 
end, so an embargo would 
have little or'no effed for 
several months. 

Other food imports last year 
included about £7 million 
worth of coffee, tea, cocoa, 
spices and £4 million of sugar 
preparations and honey,.. 
which there, would be no. 
difficulty in replacing these. 

The once flourishing drinks 
trade has declined drastically, 
largely because of discrimina¬ 
tory import duties .since Brit, 
ain. joined the EEG.alt&Hgh. 
political considerations may 
have played a part Last year : 
imports .of South African sher¬ 
ry and table wine amounted to 
less than £1.800.000. . 

Yesterday wholesalers at 
the New Covent Garden 
wholesale market in south 
London reported brisk trade 
in South African apptes and- 

“There is no sign at all of a. 
consumer boycott,” the Fresh 
Fruit and Vegetable Informa¬ 
tion Bureau said. . • • 







Botswana' ' 



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Gibraltar. V . 
Guyana •' 
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: India 




Maldives . 

New Zealand! 
Norfolk la. * 

N Ireland ' 
Scotland - ... 

Singapor e 
Sri Lanka . . 

.St Kitts 


St Vincent 
..Vanuatu- / 

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Wales' . 

Western Samoa: 
Zimbabwe - 

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The jury will continue con¬ 
sidering toe verdicts today. 

ncurt* taton at man' mimtiy 



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Bad design of housing 
estates blamed for 
crime and vandalism 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

on a housing*esLe^halved ^ e t - Lan . d ^ Research Unit estate; a panel now c 
—: , 6 oaived at Kin? « Crviiroo i nn H nn u .■ 



Report on Wiring is 
alternative blamed for 


. I: 0r, • 


;■=; i’SV 

■- o^ 

—" r-’-Cfaai 

-ri,® S? 

7*. . ,'s ***!?> 

- * - '■■Ji’-i 


'' - ir^r* 

r. - cnme fewe. and was one of 
. several strategies on crime 
*> reduction that had produced 
. .oramauc changes, a Home 

- Office conference in Cam- 
Vl todge w as told yesterday. 

5 .. The strategies being ana- 
lysed are expected to be of 
value in the new drive for 
r crane prevention, led by Mrs 
i . Thatcher. 

The initiatives had a re- 
malleable ability to reduce 

- according to a report by 
Professor Paul Rock, of the 

- Department of Sociology, 
London School of Economics. 

Graffiti, litterand the fear of 
?' cnme are said practically to 
” • have vanished when walls 
wre installed around blocks 
-.' of fiats on another estate. 

Not a single burglary was 
reported for two years after the 
' : bottom two floors of blocks on 
• the Use View estate in Hack- 
■■ - ney, east London, were irans- 
"■ formed into houses with backs 
"• and fronts, becoming what 
. was called “a normal kind of 
7 • street". 

; ' The alterations conformed 
to the recommendations of 

•• MPs seek 
i jail drugs 
£ inquiry 

Cannabis may be quite com- 
'• monjy found in some prisons, 
but the extent of hard drag 
abase is probably exaggerat- 

■ ed, the Commons social ser- 
vices committee said 

Its report on the prison 
medical service calls for a 
■ national study into the preva¬ 
lence of drug and alcohol 
addiction within the prison 
;■ population and its relationship 
£, to crime (Peter Evans, Home 
Affairs Correspondent, 
writes). ■■ 

In 1984-85, 3,737 prisoners 

■ " were found by medical officers 
1 • to have some degree of drag 

dependence when taken into 

l ’ The committee said that 
.; most drug or alcohol addicts 
;. are weaned off in prison, hot 
often they are back on within a 
’• few days of release, needing 
effective aftercare..- 

the Land Use Research Unit 
a* King's College. London, h 
analysed 4.099 blocks of flats 
jo which design features corre¬ 
lated with such observable 
signs of decay and abuse as 
utter, graffiti, vandalism and 
the number of children in 

The conjecture was that 
poor design encourages social 
breakdown by estranging 
members of a community 
from each other, obscuring 
visibility, spoiling surveil¬ 
lance. and providing an escape 
route to predators. The walk- 

estate; a panel now co¬ 
ordinates services; and the! 
local authority replaced bro¬ 
ken glass on front doors, 
enhancing security. 

However eight home beat 
police officers had not got to 
know the local community, 
did not live in the area and 
had not been involved in the 
changes- Tlie community had 
found it difficult to develop 
rapport with them. 

Another initiative, the De¬ 
partment of the Environment 
Priority Estates Project, was 
launched in 1979 to improve 


ways were one example of bousing management and de- 
such design. crease the number of vacant 

been «w;uh«i 6 ‘Yn’" "SW ST» move 
bceneonsuhedonlOprojocls. and 

renortMrJ^nri^ia^nfpi 11 ^ !S nanCc staff from the town hall 
suhant and P ul lhem on li,c housing 

Prnieri f estate where they could work 

rojeci. S3 id tbflt si rf^CAlu milh i(tA mcMAAic 

Broadwater Farm estate, in 
Tottenham, north London, 
scene of last year's riots, the 
reported burglary rate had 
dropped by 62 per cent be¬ 
tween 1982 and 1984. 

She said that a local com¬ 
munity organisation emerged 
to articulate needs; the local 
authority set up offices on the 

closely with the residents. 
Burglary rates were said to 
have decreased on all but one 

Pioneering reforms by the 
National Association for the 
Care and Resettlement of 
Offenders on a heavily van¬ 
dalized estate in Widnes. 
Merseyside, were reported to 
have reduced crime. 

io arucuiate neeos; tne local Merseyside, were reported to Mr Christopher Chaplin, the actor's son, displaying t be hat and cane after it was auctioned 
authority set up offices on the have reduced cnme. at Christie's for £15,000 and, below, the comedian who insured them for five dollars each. 

Jail isolation unit Chaplin’s hat and J(| 
is ‘reinforced box’ cane are saved It ,. 

By Craig Setoa 

The first of a regime of high- a pur 
security units to isolate trou- punish 
ble-makers and prison llicr 
“barons” in Britain's over- educali 
crowded jails is to be set up at vised 
Lincoln Prison by the end of would 
the year. ing p 

The Lincoln unit, described P^ons 
as a “reinforced box”, will t>, . sn 
house nine long-term prison- ma ™P l 
ers under the guard of special- ( ? use<! 
ly trained officers equipped inemsc 
for the first time with personal one ^ 
alarms to enable them to call creal J ni 
forhe'p. Tho 

The aim of the units is to barons' 
remove the most disruptive ers 
prisoners from top security and w ] 
dispersal jails where trouble- sub^ul 
makers can create the tension w r p 
that leads to violence or 0 f jj n « 

__ calm t 

Prisoners can be transferred i^deni 
to the new unit on the ere hou 
recommendation of prison escape 
governors and could spend . break oi 

The hospitals hTlocal and..between a.few months and a 
remand prisons are ofteh in tot- year there, occupying' intfivid-. 

'. - „ t t » fcnaiHi.|iii3WP4ucvuCTi mwi- 

- -v~ ?■ erably overcrowded^e report 

. •; -iisaid.. • . 

- -- v ;: The committee recommends 

• v - - ; that crown imrounity he re* 

*■' moved from-prison kitchens 
and hospitals. 

' - “In view of the insanitary 

■ : <*-; conditions in some prisons it ts 

: v irti extraordinary that there has 

■- V never been a serious 

- i.. epidemic.” 

r Jf. - -f Miss Vivien Stern, director 
. of the National Association for 

. - n- the Care and Resettlement <»f 

. .>* Offenders, said: “The coounit- 

:::2 .*?■; tee rightly argues that the 

j. *:-•• services of part-time prison 

'*. doctors and specialists should 

be provided by the NHS, hot 
illogical Iy refrains from pro- 
- ' r posing ; that full-time prison 

doctors should also be NHS 

ual cells with toughened walls, 
ceilingsand floors; the bars are 
guaranteed to have a "cutting 
-time**-of 12 hours,' 

Mr John Sandy, the Mi<t 
lands regional director of the 
Prison Service, yesterday con¬ 
ducted journalists around the 
£500.000 unit at Lincoln. He 
said: “The type of regime here 
will be firm, structured, posi¬ 
tive and supportive, but high¬ 
ly supervised by wefl-trained 

I Charlie Chaplin’s hat and 
cane have been saved for the 
a punitive regime or a British public by a group of 
punishment.'' unidentified film enthusiasts 

There would be physical who beat off other bids io boy 
education, work and super- them for £15,000 at a public 
vised recreation. Inmates auction yesterday (Gavja Bell, 
would receive the same visit- Arts Correspondent writes), 
ing privileges as other Mr David Robirfsou, 
prisoners. Chaplin's biographer, acted as 

Disruptive prisoners were bidder for the group of several 
manipulative or those who individuals and an institution 
caused problems not only for whom he declined to identify-, 
themselves but for other pris- Mr Robinson, The Times 
oners by their aggression, film critic, said they were 
creating “bullets for other concerned that the renowned 
people to fire”, Mr Sandy said, hallmarks of Chaplin’s silent 
They could include “prison fijm career should not go 
barons” who had other prison- overseas, 
ers running round for them “The price was absurd, 
and who created their own considering that Chaplin in- 
sub-culture within jails. sored them for only five doL 

Mr Philip Harrau governor lars each when be sent them 
of Lincoln Prison, sought to from Los Angeles to an Eu- 
calm the fears of Lincoln glish friend in 1920.” 

residents that violent prison- - 

ers housed in the unit could -4-1* 

escape. “Nobody is going to VV PJI | ||P] 
break out is like a re- " ▼ 
inferred box.” .. / 

He said prisoners in the unit Q1|*|lflPC *1 
who did not co-operate with %\jiX UUV'kJ J 
the regime could spend up to .... „ ^ „ 

23 hours a day in their cell, ■ * • By Sheila Gun 

-being allowed out only for The Meteorological Office's 
exercise and meals. superior. weather forecasts 

The unit was not the end of save airlines £500 million a 

Mr Robinson said be was 
competing against telephone 
bids, apparently from 

The group was planning to 
display the bowler hat and 
autographed cane in the Mu¬ 
seum of the Moving Image, 
being built by the British Film 
Institute on London's South 
Bank. Chaplin was bora in 

The price evidently sur¬ 
prised everybody. The sale¬ 
room had estimated tbe value 
at between £3,000 and £5,000. 

Tbe props, used in such 
classics as The Gold Rusk, 
came from the collection of Mr 
Ellis Ashton, a life-long Chap¬ 
lin fan. His widow. Margaret 
said, yesterday the family 
could no longer afford to 
insure them. 


medicine ironing 

attacked death 

The British Medical Assori- Amateur electrical jnstafla- 
ation was criticized yesterday lions were yesterday blamed 
for its dismissal of homeo- for the death of a mother of 
pat hie medicine as two. who was ironing barefoot 
"nonsense”. in her gairien. 

Doctors from the faculty of Mrs Christine Way. aged 42, 

homeopathy at the Royal of Heaihfield Drive. West 
London Homeopathic Hospi- Monkton. Somerset, was 
ml say a recent report from the found dead by her daughter. 
BMA “masquerades as a sci- Sarah, on Wednesday — the 
entific document” and is same day as fire chiefs gave a 
deplorable. warning of the dangers of 

The panel of five doctors using extension leads in 
says the BMA document lakes gardens, 
a “cuisory look” at alternative A spokesman for the South- 
medicine and is “riddled with Western Electricity Board 
prejudice”. said: “From our initial 

Dr John Hughes-Games. investigaion it appears that 
president of the faculty, said certain pans of the electrical 
that as a public relations installation were not up to 
exercise the report backfired normal standard. It seems that 
Inquiries from the . public there was a lack of knowledge 
about homeopathy had in- during DIY jobs on an exten- 
creased since its publication sion to the wiring.” 
three months ago. • 

“YetiheBMAisaninfluen- Ipp Ana hanpc 
tial and authoritative body VUUCS 

and this ill-considered docu- lniaortnAn 
mem may yet do considerable III vU 

harm.” Leg bones belonging to an 

The doctors, who are mem- elephant or mammoth dating 
bers of the BMA, say fee back 30,000 to 70.000 years 
report dismisses homeopathy have been unearthed during 
because it cannot be scientifi- excavations for a car park at 
cally explained, and ignores Bassetlaw Hospital. Kilton, 
the fact that up to 80 per cent Worksop. Nottinghamshire, 
of trainee donors have ex- Dr Rogan Jenkinson. an 
pressed an interest in alteroa- archaeologist from Cresswell 
live medicine. Cragg, an historic site two 

It wrongly suggested that miles away, yesterday de- 
homeopafey works purely on scribed it as an exceptional 
. the placebo effect. find as it was buried on fee top 

The report also’ created of an Ice .Age hill in a sand 
suspicion and mistrust and dune which had preserved fee 
damaged fee growing collabo- bones from river water, 
ration between homeopathic « , 

and orthodox doctors. It failed IOi SGX 

to point out feat homeopathic . . , , 

medicine was available on fee 1)00 K 0211 
National Health Service. ^ 77 , 7:“ P 

The doctors on fee panel n Pj! Ellerlon. of 

use homeopathy to treat 50 to Rosliston Road, Burton-on- 
70 per cent of their NHS Trent yesterday called for fee 
patients and say they have had banning of Come to Mecca, a 
success in treating rheuma- book containing swear words 
tism, asthma, skin diseases and ataons to rex, which 

and recurring childhood ~ as P en J?>' >^ c u hers ?' s 
illnesses. daughter, Elizabeth, aged 13, 

Dr Hughes-Games said ho- 10 ‘T ad - P . 

meopathy was growing world- ^assent a P°Py 

wide at a tremendous rate but b°°k. which « about ethnic 
fee BMA had chosen to ignore mmonues. to Mr Ivan law- 
iL renoe. QC. MP for Burton. 

-Had the working party “'^8 >° r a full inquiry, 
fulfilled its brief io 'consider Abbot Beyne Comprehenstve 
fee feasibility and possible Scli^o 1 has withdrawn the 
methods of assessing fee value book and apologized, 
of alternative therapy' and ^ i 1 

made serious proposals to this IHqUCSt tOlCl OI 
end, we would have welcomed ij* « ■ _ a 

fee report.” soldiers death 

A teenage soldier died dur- 
■trt Knvr nine : ing Army endurance tests to 
111 .UOj check his suitability for diver 

‘ .. training, an inquest wds told 

mgerous ... ; - j 7: Mr ’ john 1 GlanviUe; r fee 

Portsmouth coroner, was told 
Glasgow, told the committee feat Vincent Anderson, aged 
•feat they 'were not informed 19, of Weston; Bath, coll&bsed 
about* the riste involved with, and died whife nmning fo 80 

the road for the most disrup¬ 
tive prisoners who could be 
brought there. If their behav¬ 
iour did not moderate they 
could still be transferred to 
completely segregated units. 

“The idea is to take fee 

if TL II * f ■ ■■** —*— — ——_ —— l lllkliauu jMUjiuim.u; 

statt. l he small minomy or temperature out of fee situa- when they are renegotiated 

/ill to 


employees. , 

House of Commons. Third! re¬ 
port from the social services 
committee. Session 1985-86. 
Prison Medical Service. I'm I. 
Paper 72-1. (Stationery Office; 
£ 6 ).____ 

Father is 
jailed for 

Graham Murray, aged 24. a 
van driver, was jailed for rour 
years at the Central Criminal 
Court -yesterday after a jury 
found him guilty of the man¬ 
slaughter of his girl friend, 
who had borne him a son, 
when she changed her mind 
and refused to marry him. 

The jury acquitted him of 

Mr Michael Worsley QC 
for the prosecution, rold the 
court that Murray, of Leigh 
Crescent New Addington, 
Surrey, was foil of remorse 

inmates-who come here will 
have a chance to cool down 
and come face to face wife 

It will be different from the 
unit at Parkhurst Prison on 
fee Isle of Wight, which dfeal$ 
with disruptive prisoners 
wuth a history of mental 

tion and give prisons a breath¬ 
ing spaar.” . . _ 

coin unit arose from fee 
Control Review Committee 
set up by Mr Leon Brinan. 
then Home Secretary, in 1983 
and approved by Mr Douglas 
Hurd, his successor. 

Home Office prison offi- 

Mr Sandy said the exact dais have held talks wife the 
terms of the regime had not Prison Officers Association to 
been finally decided, but he discuss manning levels in the 
added:“lt must not be seen as uniL 

Weather fees for 
airlines ‘must rise’ 

By Sheila Gann, Political Staff 

The Meteorological Office's- airlines who pay UK route 
superior, weather forecasts charges through the Civil Avi- 
save airlines £500 million a ation Authority,” it stated, 
year, but they pay only £15 The MPs praised the Meteo- 

million towards their costs. rological Office's “technical 

The Commons public ac- competence”. They just want- 
counts committee yesterday ed its financial management 
told the Ministry of Defence to match feat standard, 
feat fee charges must be The committee urged the 
“increased substantially” Ministry of Defence to inves- 
when they are renegotiated tigate ways of stopping corn- 
next year. panies which “pirate” fee 

_ The committee found that forecasts and then resell them, 
airlines from all over the undercutting fee Meteorologi- 
world were queuing to order caj Office's charges. It said a 
the forecasts to help wife feeir new licensing law or fee 
flight planning. enforcement of copyright 

“Based on information sup- should be considered if no 
plied by some of these airlines, other way could stop feat 
who say that they are now abuse, 
saving an extra 1 or 2 percent Committee of Public Accounts. 
a year on feetr fuel bills, fee Thinv-eighth Report on Financ- 
(Met) office's view is that this ing Arrangements for the Pro- 
extra aving amounts to vision of Meteorological Services 
£60 million annually by those (Stationery Office, £3.10). 

Operation on boy was 
‘highly dangerous’ 

Parents of a boy aged seven Glasgow, told the committee 
who died, .'.after i nitial they'were -not informed 

The proposal for the Lin- (airlines from all over the 

world were queuing to order 
the forecasts to help wife feeir 
flight planning. 

“Based on information sup¬ 
plied by some of these airlines, 
who say that they are now 
saving an extra J or 2 percent 
a year on feeir fuel bills, fee 
(Met) office's view is that this 
extra raving amounts to 
£60 million annually by those 

‘goes on’ 

By Angella Johnson 

Supporters of Mrs Victoria 
Gillick's campaign for parents 
to be told if their child is befog 
prescribed the contraceptive 
pill say that they will continue 
trying to have the law changed 
if she abandons her efforts. 

The announcement that 
Mrs Gillick is con siderin g 
ending her seven-year crusade 
came after reports that her 
daughter, Beattie, aged 26, 
was occupying a Greek holi¬ 
day villa with three young 
men, and pictures m a Sunday 

Old Masters taken in 
raid on Welsh castle 

Detectives were yesterday 
hunting an thieves who broke 
into a Welsh castle and stole 
11 sixteenth and seventeenth 
century Flemish and Dutch 

Two were later found in fee 
driveway of Penrice Casde on 
fee Gower Peninsula near 

Swansea, which houses one of she said. 

Mrs Methuen-Campbell 
said she was woken by a noise 
downstairs at about 3.30am 
and went to investigate. 

“I shouted but fee burglars 
made a bolt for iL If I had seen 
them taking off wife fee 
paintings 1 would have gone 
after them and belied them,” 

the most important private art 
collections in Wales. 

In a well-planned raid, the 
thieves cut telephone wires to 
the 10-bedroom mansion, 
which was built in 1776 and is 

Mr John Owen, ofCardiff. a 
leading Welsh art dealer, said 
he believed fee collection was 
worth well over £ I million. 

“They were probably stolen 
to order. Whoever took them 

surrounded by 80 acres of knew what they were after and 
parkland. It is owned by Mr stole fee finest paintings in the 

rt w horned newspaper all 

Paula May, at her home in 
Bromley, Kent and cradled 
her in his arms. . 

He cried out covered m 
Wood: “Oh God what have I 
done. I'm sorry.” 

The future rare, f 

couple's child. Danielaged 
one. whose survival after Pe¬ 

tite girl sunbathing topless. 

Mrs Valerie Riches, secre¬ 
tary of Family and Youth 
Concern, based m Milton 
Keynes, said: “Whatever hap¬ 
pens, the campaign will go 

Mrs Gillick is reported to 

one. whose survival ancr ^“My children have 

ing born weighing less than 3 id jiving with my 

and with commons ^ 

widely reported m Jun last normal life. Well, 

year, is to be decided by tne „ 

county court. 

Christopher Methuen-Camp¬ 
bell, a former high sheriff of 

The gang is believed to have 
used an old railway baggage 
trolley to carry the paintings 
still in feeir frames, to a 
waiting van or estate car 
parked near by. 

Del Chief Sup! Don 
Carsley. head or South Wales 
C1D. who is leading 40 officers 
in the hunt, said the paintings 
were taken from the drawing 
room and stairway. 

“They knew they were tak¬ 
ing good art” he added. 


“There is a very big demand 
for paintings of this type in the 
United Slates and they may 
already be on their way across 
fee Atlantic.” he said. 

The missing paintings in¬ 
clude landscapes and sea¬ 
scapes by Solomon Ruysdaei 
and Van der Velde. Some of 
fee missing collection is ex¬ 
empt from estate duties be¬ 
cause of its importance. 

Although Penrice Castle is 
not open to fee genera! public, 
organized tours are regularly 
arranged for an enthusiasts. 

“straightforward” -operation 
should have been warned that 
it was in fact highly dangerous, 
a medical expert said 

Jim McAIpine, of Old 
Drumchapel. Glasgow, died of 
brain damage in a Glasgow 
hospital in February last year, 
hours after an operation at a 
private clinic to remove a 
growth on his lip. 

Professor David Allison, a 
radiologist, raid it was impera¬ 
tive that fee patient and 
relatives should know fee 
risks of embolisation; a pro¬ 
cess of injecting materia] into 
the artery to seal off the blood 
supply to an area. 

He told the General Medi¬ 
cal Council's disciplinary 
committee feat there was a 
danger feat material could 
drift into other arteries caus¬ 
ing thrombosis. 

“There is a small but real 
risk of the patient going blind 
in one or both eyes, suffering a 
stroke or serious brain 
damage.” he said. 

such an operation: - ■ 

Mr Martin Webster, a plas¬ 
tic surgeon, and Dr Geoige 
Vaughan a radiologist, deny 
serious professional miscon¬ 
duct over the operation. 

Professor Allison.who was 
featured in fee television se¬ 
ries. Your Life In Their 
Hands, raid post-operative 
care was “inadequate” and he 
criticized doctors for going 
ahead with the operation after 
danger signs first showed up 
on X-rays. 

He said that after the opera- breach the IS 
tion fee boy suffered violent Drugs Act, * 
fits, could not pass urine^nd Amoako. aged 
complained of a headache and ham north 1 
of not being able to see. Graham, aged 
“Hours after the operation south London 
there were progressive signs of Boaieng, aged 
cerebral irritation and loss of Kent, 

degree temperatures in a 
heavy rubber suit A full 
inquest will take place when 
fee results of a military inqui¬ 
ry are known. 

3 remanded on 
drug charges 

Three men were remanded 
in custody yesterday after 
police seized heroin, wife a 
street value of £250.000, in an 
ambush at Earls Court; Lon¬ 
don. on Tuesday. 

Charged with conspiring to 
breach the 1971 Misuse of 
Drugs Act, were: Fredrick 
Arooako. aged 22. of Totten¬ 
ham. north London: Keith 
Graham, aged 27, of Brixion, 
south London, and Kwaku 
Boaieng, aged 22, of Frith, 

-There is a small but real 

»k of fee patient going blind ^^vas inadequate. 

one or both eyes, suffering a Observation should have 
roke or serious brain been earned out regularly after 
image,” he said. such an operation to look for 

warning signs. of cerebral. 
1 leave feem in no doubt of Professor Allison insisted. 

Miss Faye Dunaway 
(above), fee actress, is to leave 
Britain for the United States 
because she feels she may 
have been missing film and 
fete vision opportunities (Our 
Arts Correspondent writes). 

The actress, who has lived 
in Britain for four years, said 
yesterday: “I'm an American 
actress and feat's where my 
business is.” She marks her 
farewell wife a West End 
stage debut next week in Circe 
and Bravo, directed by Harold 

Pay fanners to tend 
footpaths, walkers say 

i.i/vt'i' 7 _ , . lurn pans of fear 

Walkers in the picnic sites instead 

could become a cash cropfc> r I l^ngTrops on them, 
fanners under a new proposal oi gw b would have 

Lords allow home challenge 

ftnner* under a «• " fiTA'wwy would have 

for footpath uptep (Hugh conmW 

C W&Ass^on ^--for'Ssl^ J*™* 

footpaths and bndgfs.tnsreau - 

of growing unwanted ojps- payments could also 

Mr Alan Mattingly, fervor for the creation of 

of fee association. «■£«» Siblic footpaths- 

could be paid to formers wno 


also be 
i of new 

A husband, whose former 
wife killed herself and her 
children in a moment of de¬ 
spair, yesterday woa permis¬ 
sion to pursue his legal fight to 
reclaim his share of the matri¬ 
monial home, which was left to 
his former mother-in-law. 

Mr David Barder, a former 
underwriter at Lloyd's, now 
living ir. America, was granted 
leave by fee House of Lords to 
challenge a Court of Appeal 
ruling in May, feat gave the 
£120,000 five-bedroom house 

at Hartley Whitney, Hamp¬ 
shire, to Mrs Jacqueline 
Caluori, fee wife's mother. 

Mr Alan Ward, QC told a 
committee of three law lords 
that in February 1985 Mr 
Barder had agreed to a “dean 
break” divorce order, trading 
his share in the house in return 
for his wife dropping any daim 
for periodical maintenance 

“He consented to give np all 
his very necessary capital in 
order to provide s borne for his 

wife and children, hot within 
five weeks feat purpose was 
frustrated by fee deliberate acr 
of his wife,” counsel said. 

Mis Christina Barder, aged 
32, killed herself and her 
children, Robert, aged nine, 
and Kirsten, aged six. 

The ample were divorced in 
1984 after an 11-year mar¬ 
riage. Mr Barder has since 

The lords appeal is likely to 
be heard later this year. 

the possible ri$ks.That is an 
absolute rule.” 

The parents of the young¬ 
ster. James and Linda 
McAIpine, who now live at 
Hazel Avenue. Bearsden. 

areas for 

Plans for new motorway 
service areas were announced 
yesterday by Mr Peter 
Bottomley, a junior transport 

In a Commons written reply 
he said fee policy was to 

provide service areas at strate¬ 
gic locations. 

Those For which compeu-, 
live tendering had been cho¬ 
sen were: M25 at Thurrock, 
Essex; Clacket Lane, near 
Westerhatn, Kent, and fver, j 
Buckinghamshire: MU.' 
Birchanger. near Stansted, | 
Suffolk; M20. Hollingbourne. 
near Maidstone. Kent, and 
Westenhanger. Junction 11; 
M4, Reading area. Berkshire: 
M40. Stokenchurch. near 
High Wycombe, Buckingham¬ 
shire; Ardley. junction with 
A43; Barnhill, where fee mo¬ 
torway crosses the Fosse Way; 
M27, Meon, near Fareham. 
Hampshire: M42. Stoke-east- 
em section; M56. Hapsford. at 
junction with A5117. 

Sites negotiated as private 
initiatives are: M25. South 
Mimms. Hertfordshire, now- 
under construction: M5. 
Sedgemoore northbound site. 
Somerset and M20 West 
Kingsdown. Kent. 

He also emphasized feat 
there was nothing to show feat 
the operation itself had been 

The hearing continues. 




Holiday motorists heading 
for tbe West Country on fee 
M5 are falling victim to , 
“phantom” breakdowns occur¬ 
ring In one short section near 1 
junction 25, tbe Taunton turn¬ 
off (Clifford Webb, Motoring 
Correspondent writes). 

Up to six calls a day are 
coming into the Automobile 
Association's Bristol offices 
from motorists using tbe hard- 
shonfder emergency tele¬ 
phones to report troubles wife 
gearboxes, suspensions, alter¬ 
nators and wheels. 

Mr Chris Nelms of fee AA 
said yesterday: “The motor¬ 
way surface near junction 25 
changes from tarmac to con¬ 
crete causing a very alarming 
noise in fee car which forces 
some motorists to stop imme¬ 
diately. The culprit is fee 
ripple effect of fee concrete 

The AA has asked the 
Department of Transport to 
post warning signs between 
junctions 25 and 27 to reduce 
stops on the hard-shoulder 
which are potential traffic 

Jail for ‘five 
wives’ fraud 

A man. who claimed he had 
five wives and used 12 aliases 
to swindle £5,000 from, the 
DHSS. was yesterday at Bir¬ 
mingham Crown Court jailed 
for three years. 

Theodore Kubasko, aged 
48, of Church Road, Moseley. 
Birmingham, admitted in¬ 
venting the identities of five 
“wives” to obtain fee money 
from 10 offices in Birming¬ 
ham and fee surrounding 

gets £79,000 

Mr Peter Taylor, a former 
police constable and Norwich 
City footballer, won £79,219 
damages m the High Court 
yesterday for car crash injuries 
in April I9S1 feat wrecked his 

The judge ordered the dam¬ 
ages and costs of fee action to 
be paid by his former employ¬ 
er. the Chief Constable of 
Essex, who admitted liability. 

Heart man 

The condition of a man 
aged 20 who at present has two 
hearts after a five-hour 
“piggyback” operation was 
described yesterday as 
"critical” in Harefield Hospi¬ 
tal. Middlesex. 

Tbe man. from Stone in 
Staffordshire, was given fee 
heart of an Italian boy. 

Bunker plan 

A £700,000 sports hall 
which will double as an opera¬ 
tions bunker in a nuclear 
attack is planned for Spalding, 
Lincolnshire. The district 
council is seeking a £100,000 


South Africa crisis • The economy • Defeat on pay 

Further moves Pay linked 

on S Africa 
not automatic flexibility 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 
Prime Minister, refused in the 
Commons to make any com¬ 
ment in relation to the situation 
in South Africa about the role of 
the Queen as Head of the 

She was pressed to do so by 
Mr David Winnick (Walsall, 
Nprth, Lab) who referred to 
numerous recent press 
articles regarding the position of 
the head of the Commonwealth 
and the future of that organiza¬ 
tion. Would Mrs Thatcher not 
agree, he went on. that the 
Commonwealth faced its most 
severe crisis, caused by her 

Mr Alfred Dubs (Battersea, 
Lab), opening tire exchanges on 
South Africa, referred to hints of 
impending change in Govern¬ 
ment policy on sanctions 
against South Africa, and asked 
if the Prime Minister agreed that 
the only just solution for that 
country was the eradication of 
apartheid and majority rule in a 
united, non-frogmen tied South 
Africa, a statement to which 
Mrs Thatcher signed her name 
at the conference of heads of 
Commonwealth governments 
in New Delhi in 1983? 

Mrs Thatcher said the Nassau 
Accord and the European Coun¬ 
cil meeting at The Hague envis¬ 
aged discussion on further 
measures which might be 
needed. She had said on July ( 
that contingency arrangements 
were being made. 

if Mr Dubs looked at the 
Commonwealth Accord at Nas¬ 
sau he would find a sentence 
saying; “We must do all we can 
to assist that process while 
recognizing that the forms of 
political settlements in South 
Africa are for the people of that 
country, all the peoples, to 
determine." The last part of that 
sentence was the important pan. 
Dr David Owen. Leader of the 
SDP: On the contingency mat¬ 
ters she has- just mentioned, 
which could well be the im¬ 
portant signal the Common¬ 
wealth is needing to rescue the 
Commonwealth Games, would 
she make clear that those mea¬ 
sures are neither immoral nor 
repugnant and withdraw those 
offensive remarks? 

Mrs Thatcher! have faithfully 
answered accusations made 
against me and about various 
things concerned with 

Like all other MPs I wish to 
see apartheid ended at the 
earliest opportunity. 1 believe 
passionately that it would be 
ended best by negotiations. We 
are. doing all we can to bring 
those negotiations about.-The 
further contingency measures 
were in the communique of the 
EEC. These are not automatic. 
They never were automatic. 
They are there to be considered 
and I have described them 
previously as contingency mea¬ 

She also said that the Govern¬ 
ment had faithfully carried out 
the Commonwealth accord and 

would faithfully carry out the 
EEC statement. Any action 
which was taken should be 
considered not only by the 
Commonwealth and the EEC 
but by the western industrialised 

Mr Keith Best (Ynys Mon. C): 
There are many black leaders in 
South Africa who have different 
and constructive views as to 
what should be the change after 
the dismantling of apartheid. 

Will she take these different 
views into account when for¬ 
mulating her own policies so we 
can move the debate on to the 
more fruitful ground of dis¬ 
cussion of the substance of 
change rather than merely 
change for change's sake with¬ 
out having formed ideas about 
its actual nature which so often 
appears to be the refuge of die 
Labour Party. 

Mrs Thatcher: The ANC have 
made their views well known 
and representatives of the ANC 
met the Minister of State for the 
Foreign Office (Mrs Lynda 
Chalicer) some time ago. We 
know their views. 

We also know and read only 
this morning in the newspapers 


u fc 111 W 

Dobs Majority role the 
only just solution 

the testimony of Chief Butheiezi 
when he said the imposition of 
negative, punitive measures 
against Pretoria can only impair 
the process by which black and 
white are finding common cause 
with each other to an ever- 
increasing extent. 

Mr Ernie Ross (Dundee West 
Lab): Will she send a dear 
statement to the heads of gov¬ 
ernment of the front-line states 
which meet tomorrow (Friday) 
in Harare that she will keep to 
the statement issued by the 
recent EEC summit in orefer not 
only to preserve and save the 
Commonwealth but to save the 
Commonwealth Games. 

Mrs Thatcher: The Common¬ 
wealth Games are a matter for 
the Commonwealth Federation, 
itself, they are not a matter for 
me. We have faithfully carried 
out the Commonwealth accord 
and will also faithfully cany out 
the EEC statement. It is im¬ 
portant, as we have made dear 
all along, that any. action which 
is taken should be considered 
not only by the Commonwealth 
and the EEC but by all the 
western industrialized coun¬ 
tries. The Foreign Secretary left 
to discuss matters further in 
Washington today. 

Set-back on allowances 


MPs of all parties defeated the 
Government twice early this 
morning when they voted 10 
increase their secretarial allow¬ 
ances to £20,140 a year instead 
of to the £14,004 which Mr 
John Biffen, Leader of the 
House, had recommended. Sev¬ 
eral MPs pointed out, and Mr 
Bfffen agreed, that none of the 
money was paid into their own 

Mr Biffen said that the auto¬ 
matic uprating agreed in 1984 
would have meant an increase 
of 18 per cent but the Civil 
Service grade to which the 
allowance was tied included a 
proficiency allowance which 
was being integrated into salary. 

The result was that the Civil 
Service senior personal sec¬ 
retaries to whom the grade 
applied would not be getting 18 
per cent increases, but much 
smaller ones. The 6 per cent 
which would result from his 
recommendation was broadly in 
line with increases in other 

Mr Peter Shore, chief Oppo¬ 

sition spokesman on House of 
Commons affairs, said the sec¬ 
retarial allowance was grossly 

We are the most ill-equipped 
and ' under-supported democ¬ 
racy in the western world (be 

Mr John Stokes (Halesowen 
and Stourbridge, Q took the 
view that the typewriter, like the 
television set, was a curse. He 
recalled with approval the days 
of Palmerston when MPs re¬ 
plied to their constituents in 
their own hand. He wondered 
whether all the present assis¬ 
tants were strictly needed. 

A Labour amendment to 
provide for an increase to 
£20.140 was carried by 172 
votes lo 128 — majority against 
the Government, 44. The 
amended Government motion 
was then opposed by the Gov¬ 
ernment. but carried by 170 
votes to 131 — majority against 
the Government, 39. 

• Mr Darid Harris (St Ives. C) 
said during Prime. Minister's 
questions that he and other MPs 
regarded it as disgraceful that in 
the House earlier today MPS 
had voted for an increase of 

more than £7,000 in their 
secretarial allowances. 

If this decision is irreversible 
(he said) can the Prime Minister 
think of any other section of 
public expenditure which has 
increased by more than 30 per 
cent this year? 

Mrs Thaicben The level of the 
allowance is a matter for the 
House which voted for a 52 per 
cent increase in the office 
secretarial research allowance. 
The decision was taken against 
the advice of the Leader of the 
House (Mr John BifTen). He 
argued that it was inappropriate 
to vote such substantial 
increases at the very moment 
when the level and structure of 
the secretarial allowance had 
been referred to the Top Salaries 
Review Body for general review. 

The cost of Parliament, which 
is determined by Parliament 
and not by government, has 
risen from £26 million in 1978- 
79 to £72 million last year. 

•Tfae Government will put into 
effect MPs’ decision to increase 
their secretarial allowances. Mr 
John Biffen, Lord Privy Seal, 
and Leader of the Gammons, 
said during business questions 

Labour BT plan ‘confiscation 

the Exchequer, said during 
Commons questions. It would 
also have a beneficial effect on 
pay flexibility, he said. 

He was replying to Mr David 
Penhaligon (Truro. L) who 
asked irate attraction ofthe idea 
was to get people more involved- 
in the profitability of their 
company or the possibility that 
it might keep down pay claims. 
Mr Lawsoa said one of the 
difficulties in this country was 
the excessive rigidity of its pay 
bargaining system. The in¬ 
troduction of greater flexibility 
to this way was very beneficial. 

He told Mr Eric Forth (Mid 
Worcestershire, C), who said 
that profit-related pay formed a 
substantial element ' of 
remuneration in Japan, that a 
green paper on the scheme had 
been published on Tuesday and 
had been widely welcomed. 

It was customary in Japanese 
industry for the average em¬ 
ployee to have quite a sizeable 
pan of his total remuneration in 
the form of bonuses linked to 
profitablity of the company. 

This had positive benefits on 
the state of industrial relations 
in Japan, the identification of 
employees with their company 
and also on the low unemploy¬ 
ment rate that Japan enjoyed. 

Services Bill 

Mr John Biffen, Leader of the 
House, announced during ques¬ 
tions about forthcoming busi¬ 
ness, that the Government had 
derided not to proceed tomor- 
1 row with consideration of Lords 
amendments to the Dockyard 
Services Bill as had been orig¬ 
inally proposed. He said the 
amendments would probably 
considered next week. This did 
not indicate, as had been sug¬ 
gested, that the Government 
I was in a shambles over the Bill 
but that it was being flexible. 

Dr David Owen, Leader of the 
SDP, whose m constituency of 
Plymouth, Devonport would be 
affected by the proposals in the 
Bill, said that Mr Bifien's 
1 extraordinary remark — chang¬ 
ing the business of the House 
without making a statement 
about it — must surely be 

I Dr Owen said he would wish to 
! pursue the matter further, unless 
Mr • Biffen gave some 

Mr Biffen denied there was 
anything extraordinary about 
what he had done. 

He would be bappy to keep Dr 
Owen involved over further 
consideration of the BilL 

Government pay offer set 
to end bitter legal dispute 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Government's pay 
package for barristers and 
solicitors doing prosecution 
and defence work yesterday 
looked certain to end what has 
been the most bitter dispute in 
the history of the legal profes- 

The Bar and Law Society 
are now expected to lift the 
threat of a return to court by 
discontinuing the legal pro¬ 
ceedings started against the 
Lord Chancellor in March, 
when be offered only a 5 per 
cent uprating to allow for in¬ 

But there are signs that the 
next round of pay talks in Ap¬ 
ril 1987 will be equally tough, 
with the profession pressing 
for further "significant in¬ 
creases" and the Government 
determined to secure more re¬ 
forms to working practices 
through the new standing 
commission on efficiency. 

The Lord Chancellor made 
clear that it was those further 
reforms, to pre-trial proce¬ 
dures. to which he attached 
the greatest “monetary" im¬ 
portance. These will include 
early exchanges of infonna- 

lion between the parties; early 
notice of pleas and agreement 
oa key issues. 

The profession’s legal pro¬ 
ceedings against the Lord 
Chancellor were adjourned in 
March when he ageed to nego¬ 
tiate within a binding time¬ 
table which ended on Wednes¬ 
day with his final pay offer, to 
take effect from October 1. 

That offer, on top of die 5 
per cent paid in April, gives 
barristers an extra S per cent 
and solicitors an extra 6J per 
cent, or 8.5 per cent in ibe case 
of London solicitors. 

A key element of the pay 
package is a new standing 
commission on efficiency. 
The Bar secured 2 per cent of 
its pay deal in return for de- 
manning agreements under 
which barristers may appear 
without solicitors attending 
them and QCs without junior 
counseL Solicitors secured the 
same 2 per cent for agreeing to 
take part in the standing com¬ 

Mr Robert Alexander. QC, 
chairman of the Bar which 
launched the legal proceed¬ 
ings. said: . “We have estab¬ 
lished in Inal proceedings the 
principle that the Govern¬ 
ment must negotiate with us 

on a proper and professional 

He said that while the Bar 
had obtained a "significant 
increase" on the original pay 
offer, it was not enough to 
"remove our basic concern 
that fees are too low to be fair 
to the profession or to keep up 
the quality of the administra¬ 
tion of justice”. 

He said that while the pay 
package had to be put to the 
profession at its annual gener¬ 
al meeting on July 26, further 
improvements would be 
pressed for "through the nego¬ 
tiating mechanism which has 
been established”. 

The Bar would now aim for 
a further “significant 
increase" in the review which 
will start soon for the year 
beginning April 1.1987. 

Mr Tony Girling, chairman 
of the Law Society* pay com¬ 
mittee, said he was relieved | 
that the society had achieved a j 
signficam increase over what 
was first offered. But it still fell 
for short of the 25 per cent the 
societv had been claiming. 

. The'negotiating team would 
recommend to the Law Soci¬ 
ety council on July 24 that 
legal proceedings- against the 
Lord Chancellor be dropped. 


The Labour Party’s phd (o re¬ 
purchase British Telecom 
shares at 130p a shave, well 
below the market value, was 
expropriation and confiscation, 
aad the public should know it, 
Mr Nigel Lawson, Chancellor of 

the Exchequer, said daring 
Commons questions. 

He told the House earlier that 
be expected priv ati z ation pro¬ 
ceeds this year to be around 
£4,750 Bullion, in line with the 
projections in the public'expen¬ 
diture White Paper. 

Mrs Ann Owyd (Cynou Valley, 
Lab), who began the exchanges , 
said that when British Telecom 

was sold off share prices rose by 

£13 billion on the first day after 

What guarantee is there (she 
asked) that the same thing will 

not happen when be sells off 
British Gas or is his first 
priority to provide farther wind¬ 
falls for his friends in tbe City? 
Mr Lawson: So Car from going to 
friends or o th e rwise In the Oty 
they went to a wide range of 
ordinary shareholders. Very 
neatly two rafflioB peoplesu fa- 
scribed to tbe highly successful 
privatization of British Telecom 
aad pit shares. 

There are still some L50O.OOO 
shareholders who are now told 
by the Opposition that if there is 
a Labour government they win 
be grabbed back at 130p a share 
- well below the market value. It 

is e xp r opria t io n-and confisca¬ 
tion ami the public should know 

Mr Timothy Yeo (Snath Suf¬ 
folk, Ch Given the substantial 
proceeds received in pterions 
years from privatization and the 
large increase in the price of 
these investments which 

employees and other sharehold¬ 
ers have enjoyed, can he es¬ 
timate the public expenditure 
cost of re-purchasing all these 

- Does he agree that if such re¬ 
purchasing was to take place it 
would be one fonu of pabtic 
expenditure which would not 
create a single additional job? 
Mr Lawson: He is right, bat it 
would also plunge these compa¬ 
nies, who are really doing very 
much better than ever before, 
hfw* into the dead hand of the 
state, which would be bad for 
them, then- employees and the 

One of tiie reasons why pretty 
well every company which has 
been privatized stands at a 
higher share price in the market 
than when it was first privatized, 
is because they have almost 
without exception improved 
their profitability and sales and 
their performance generally. 

We shall' continue, nn- 

Jobless figures disappoint 

• ■■ and council house building is 70 

SPENDING 'per cent. 90,000 houses, lower 

__ than when she went into office 

in 1979? 

M* I b=|ieve the 

disappointing, Mrs ThatSer. ? cuud nurobers in empkyrnent 
the Prime Minister, said during S?" 5 “?• although he is 
Commons questions when she thal JPfL. H ®“npl°¥ n i? nt 
disagreed with Mr Neil fignrea me deeply disappointing 

Emnocfc, Leader of the Oppo¬ 
sition, who said the numbers in 
employment had actually gone 
down for the first time since 
March 1983. 

and the seasonally adjusted 
unemployment figure has gone 
up by 15.000. 

We have done a very great 
deal for the unemployed in the 

Mr Kinnock: There are record kst five years. We have spent. 

over £8.5 billion on employ-. 

time since March 1983 the YTS has taken one million 
numbers in employment have trainees and is now extended to 
actually gone down. a two-year scheme. 

What is the Prime Minister On housing, there have been 
going to do in hercurrent review 1.3 million new homes built in 
of public expenditure for next. Britain since 1979. If we take 
year to try to ensure the jobs so more money out ofbusiness and 

desperately needed to be done away from the taxpayer, what 
are commissioned, for example we have to taW» into account is 
in the building industry where the jobs which are lost and 
private buikting is now stagnant investment which is lost and the 

return that would come com¬ 
pared with any which would 
come if put into the public 

Mr Kinnock: Tbe crucial feet is 
that at the same time she has 
been cutting public expenditure 
and losing jobs in the construc¬ 
tion industry. L7 million jobs in 
manufacturing have gone as 
welL so her equation does not 
work at aJL 

There are now mime people hi 
long-term unemployment than 
than-were in total unemploy¬ 
ment when she took over. What 

fiill-tirae jobs that have been 
lost since she became Prime 
Minister? Why does she tjot stop 
dodging and start building? 

Mrs Thatcher We tackled some 
of the problems his Govern¬ 
ment ran away from. Is he 
suggesting that one puts back 
into manufacturing industry all 
the over-manning that was 
taken away? 

No Scots college closures 


dear, if over-capacity remains'a 
real problem, rite closures will 
then become inevitable. 

rationalization of over-capac- 
itv? That meant there was still a 
threat hanging over the colleges. 

There would be no closure of. review the. continuation .of 
any colleges of education, in teacher training al the Univer- 

!t would be appropriate to ^ Rifled said the problem 
view the. continuation . of ^ dealt: with by 

Scotland - provided there. was 
cooperationover the disposal of 
surplus accommodation, but 

sity of Stirling. 1 shall be ulWMatiWM W1 ____ w . 

discussing the most smtaWe 0 f the surplus 

form of this review with the preferable but if this could 

getting rid of surplus accom¬ 
modation or -by closures -of 

closures would be inevitable if Secretary of State for Education 
that cooperation was mn forth- and Science (Mr Kenneth 

coming, Mr Malcolm Rifkind, 
Secretary of Slate for Scotland, 
said during a statement to tbe 
Commons on the Scottish Ter¬ 
tiary Education Advisory 
Council's report on future strat¬ 
egy for higher education. 

He said-present’ accommoda¬ 
tion would substantially exceed 
expected demand even in the 
1990s when student numbers 
were expected to increase to 
some extent. 

1 consider there would be 
merit (he went on) in seeking to 
retain, if practicable, fairly wide 
geographical- spread of pro¬ 
vision. I have accordingly de¬ 
cided against closure of any 
college ofeducation and I intend 
to seek to achieve the necessary 
capacity reductions in other 

The training of physical 
education teachers, both men 
and women, will be centralized 
on the site of the present 
Dunfermline College of Physical 
Education and accordingly the 
training of men PE teachers at 
JordanhiU College of Education 
will cease. Dunfermline College 
will itself be merged with Moray 
House College of Education 
under a single governing body. 

Aberdeen and Dundee Col¬ 
leges of Education will be 
merged on their existing sites 
under a single governing body. 

1 shall review the position 
again next year in the light of 
progress made. 1 must make it 

Baker) involving tbe UGC as 

He indicated that he accepted 
the Council's rejection of a 
planning body for the public 
sector of higher education only, 
the bulk of which was in 
Scotland directly funded by 
centra] government- The situa¬ 
tion was different from that in 
England and Wales and a plan¬ 
ning body for the public sector 
alone was not required in Scot¬ 

- . It did not seem sensible to 
proceed' immediately ■ to., the 
establishment of an overarching 
planning body in Scotland with 

not be achieved through -co¬ 
operative effort, then closures 
now or in the future would 
become inevitable. 

Mr Gordon W3son (Dundee 
Fast, SNP): The statement is a 
continuation of 10 years of 
uncertainty for the colleges and 
amounts more or less to a stay of 
execution until after tfae next 
general election. _ 

Mr Rifltipft: Lam surprised that 
he refers to a-stay of-execution 
where Dundee College is con¬ 
cerned. At present it has about 
one-fifth of thestudeats it would 
need to be utilizing its fidt 
capacity. '• 

If all-tbose with an interest in 

responsibility, for the planning this matter get together and, in 
and co-ordination of provision cooperation with the Scottish 

across both the university and 
public sectors. He had derided 
to defer a derision on the 
establishment of such a body 
until the Government could 
form a dear view of the future 
funding arrangements for the 
Scottish universities. 

To allow time for derisions to 
be taken on planning and fund¬ 
ing arrangements he was asking 
members of the Advisory Coun¬ 
cil to serve for one further year 
until July 1987. ! - - 
Mr Donald Dewar, chief Oppo¬ 
sition spokesman on Scotland, 
said the statement was welcome 
rather for what it did not 
contain than for what it did. It 
.was good news that no college 
closures were announced but 
what was meant by the 

Office, can ensure the disposal 
of surplus accommodation, 
allowing teacher training to 
continue in Dundee with the 
accommodation it will need, 
then it wifi be tbe case that 
teacher training will continue on 
a permanent basis. 

sharehnid- distiirbed by oht critics, with ^ 

an he es- privatization of British 
Expenditure rfats year and a number of Outer 

g all these privatizations- 
_ Mr Roy Hanersley, chief Oppo- 

n such re- sitioa spokesman on Treasury 
Ite place it and Htmnmif affair s: Why did 
of- pnb& be choose to sell British 
would not Telecom at below market valne? 

mb! job? Will he give an assurance 

ight, hot it . he wili not waste public money in 

esecompa- the same way with the flotation 
doing very of British Gas? 

Sd^r!£ Mr Lawson: He dearly knows 
« very little abort J* 1 !**: 

v: There was no market valne imtil 
*s and the ^ were first offered to tbe 

market. They were offered at a 

ISLETS price which, oa tbe most expert 
advice, was the appropriate 
“ price to offer them at- Since thea 

n almost Mr Hattersley and toe Labour 

improved Party predicted that that issoe 
| sates and would be a flop- It was m 
teraify outstanding success and mat Is 
nue, on- what he does not like. 

Lawson on 
the virtue 
of tax cuts 


Mr Nigel Lawsoa, Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, said during 
Commons. questions. that lus 
policies were based oh the facts 
and not on artificial calculations 
by computer models or any 
other models. 

He was replying to Mr’Terence 
Davis (Birmingham. Hodge 
Hill, Lab), who said sensible 
increases in public expenditure 
would provide more jobs than 
tax cuts. Why would he not 
change his economic policy and 
base it on the facts of life instead 
of on personal prejudices ?■ 

Mr Lawson said computer mod¬ 
els did not capture the supply 
side of tbe economy which was : 
of critical importance to its ; 
performance and therefore to 
the creation of jobs. 

It was no accident that the two 
most successful - economies in 
the world, Japan and the United 
Stales, had the lowest propor¬ 
tion of their gross national 
product.taken in taxation. - 
Mr Donald Dixon (farrow. Lab) 
asked what estimate the Chan¬ 
cellor had. made of tbe com¬ 
parable cost per job of jobs 
created as a result of taxcuts and 
nn* couia - unemployment, 
roust, <0 - Mr Lawsoa said the question 
1 dosures was based upon a fallacy. What 
ire would mattered was the peformance of 
tfae economy. In general, this 
/_ was more likely to improve, by 

reducing levels of taxation than 
rmem by increasing Government 
years of 

illeges and ^ pjxou said the evidence to 
“EfK/ ihe Employment Select 
tne next Committee said that infrastroc- 
- - • tore-investment was better and~ 

nised that quicker for creating -jobs than 
execution: lax.cuts. it would ajsq get much 
;e is con- needed roads, sewers, hospitals 
has about and house refurbishment. 

15 it would Mr Lawsoa said the overwbelin- 
\ its full: ing majority of Labour voters 
■ wanted to see tax reductions. •• 

merest in Mr fan Gow (EastbourneC) said 
sr and, in that under the last Labour 
Scottish Government, with public 
> disposal expenditure massively raised , 
nodation, unemployment doubled, 
inine to Mr Lawson said 1th ere was' no 
solution to riie problem of 
unemployment by increasing 
public expenditure, whether it 
was by £34 billion or by any 
even larger amount. . 


Geoffrey Smite 

have- been essentially an 
plirit assumption. .... 

Neither in the letig.paper 
that SfrGedffreypresented to 
Cabinet nor m the/general 
discussion does there appear 
to have been an expfrrit refev- 
ertce to bis comment in the 
Commons on Wednesday that 
“if the mission dees not pro- 
cnre tangible and. substantial 
progress, I would regard 
agreement on some further 
measures to be necessary” 

Summer adjournment 

The main baWneK In lh» House of 
Commons nexl week WUI .ter 
Monday: Debate on Opposition motion 
on crime. Gao BIU. Lords amend¬ 

Tuesday: E<1 oral t on BBL renwtmngi 
stages. . _ 

Wad Smk Social Seen 

Wages BtO and Agriculture 

Security BUL 
ture am. Lords 


Thursday: Motion for summer 
adlournmerit. Proceedings on Consolt- 
djicd Fund (Appropriation) Em. 
Friday; Summer adjournment debates. 
The main bustness in the House of 

Lords win be: - • 

Monday: Social Security BCL third 
reading. Financial Services BUL 
committee, mar. 
taimday: Housing {Scotland) BUL 
commons amendments. Wages Bill 
and Agriculture BIU. third readlngs- 
rviCBS Bill, 
tallng Son¬ 
era. Gun- 
Order BUL. 

Friday: Finance BUL aU sages- 

More jobs by sticking to present policies 


There were too many simple 
assumptions about the 
relationship between 
unemployment benefits and 
how to get people off the register 
ofjobless. Mr John MacGregor, 
Chief Secretary to the Treasury, 
said during Commons question 
time exchanges, when 
Opposition MPs pressed the 
Government to spend more to 
create work opportunities. 

He told MPs that prudent 
economic policies bad to 
continue to ensure steady 
growth and increases in real 

He bad already said that tfae 
estimated cost of the present 
level of unemployment was £5.6 
billion in 1986-87. That was on 
top of tbe £1.15 billion that 
would be paid in housing 
benefit, which could continue 
after a claimant had found 

Mr Nefl HamQtoa (Tatton, Q 

said it was infantile for Labour 
MPs to imply that 
unemployment could be 
reduced by expanding public 
spending because that had to be 
paid for in increased taxes, 
higher, interest rates or inflation. 
All of those things would put up 
unemployment, not cut it - 
Mr MacGregor said that was 
right. Prudent economic 
policies, in a world where 
conditions could fluctuate 
quickly, bad enabled the United 
Kingdom to come through tbe 
massive fall in oil prices and 

create one million new jobs 
since the last election. 

Mr Anthony Blair, an 
Opposition spokesman on 
Treasury and economic affairs, 
reminded Mr MacGregor -that 
even on the Government's own 
latest figures, the underlying rise 
in unemployment was between 
10,000 and 15.000 every single 

Mr MacGregor said 
unemployment had been risi ng 
in nearly every advanced 
industrial country. j 

However tbe tone both off 
the paper and of yesterday’s^ 
proceedings was in--keeping: 
with that statement That is* 
very different from what Mrs 
Thatcher has been sayings* 
Although her-most iritbero^ 
comments have been reserved? 
for the horrific, or alternative^* 
ly futile, - effects of general' 
economic sanctions, she hafr 
nor conveyed the impressioft! 
that, even less, sweeping 
tfaer measures" are a weapon' 
tobe used if theSonth Afncati' 
Government is unresponsive. 

ThahtiftsJs now the openly- . 
dedaral -belief of the Foreign 
Secretary is ip itself i critical .. 
development It has been dear 
for some weeks that his posi^ - 
turn has become pivotal In thil 
Government's deliberations. * 
There were some acerbic . 
discussions-among minister^ 
before the European summit at 
Tbe Hague in Jane, bat all 
argument ceased as soon as he 
agreed with the Prime Minted 
ter that he shonld raideitake a 
diplomatic ntissioa to-Savtfif. 
Africa. V 

Other ministers wonhf b£ 
reluctant to press the case for a 
more flexible approach- td 
sanctions at tfae ead of the 
mission, whatever its ontcome^ 
unless he were doing so, but a': 
number of them would be 
prepared to take a lead fruflk 
him. So his acceptance flat 
some Anther pressure - vriH . 
have to be applied to Sottth 
Africa if fals mission is itiiwv 
cessfol would be si^ificaiit. 
even if tbe Prime Minister^ 
attitude were nnchangeiE - T 

Science report 

Leishmaniasis vaccine 
developed in Paris 

By Beatrice Lacoste 

So far no vaccine has been extracted proteins from tbe 

The aircraft carrier. Illustrious, at foil power in the Channel 
during trials after repairs to her starboard gearbox which 
was damaged in a fine when she was on a round-the-world 
deployment called Global 86 in April The carrier is 
expected to sail from Portsmouth on Monday to rejoin other 
ships in Global 86 in Singapore in mid-August 

effective against diseases snch 
as amoebic dysentery, malaria 
or leishmaniasis. However 
there is hope that a vaccine for 
cutaneous leishmaniasis may 
soon be available after French 
doctors at the Pitie Salpetriere 
Medical Faculty in Paris im¬ 
munized two volunteers. 

Leishmaniasis is common 
throughout the Middle East, 
Asiatic Russia, Pakistan, 
North Africa and the Sahel, as 
well as Mexico and Central 
America. The disease is caus¬ 
ed by a protozoa, a microscop¬ 
ic single-cell organism that is 
carried in tbe bloodstream and 
transmitted by the bite of a 

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is 
usually self-Iiraitiag bot may 
persist for up to a year and 
leave ugly scars at the site of 
the bite, usually on the arms Or 
face. The Soviet Union, Israel 
and Iran have tested a vaccine 
made from whole organisms, 
but it has severe side effects 
and often triggers acute aller¬ 
gic reactions. 

Dr Lmc Mod jo nr and col¬ 
leagues at the faculty hare 

parasite instead of using the 
whole ceO, and they have com¬ 
bined 20 nucrogrammes of 
these proteins to mnrabatide, 

an fanmnn n stimulant usually 

associated to vaccine. 

“First we tested the vaccine 
on mice, monkeys and dogs,” 
Dr Monjour said. “The ani¬ 
mals were later infected with 
whole virulent parasites and 
were found to be resistant to 

infection, fur t h er m ore there 

were no side effects.” 

Encouraged by toe results. 
Dr Monjour volunteered to be 
immrniired with three subcuta¬ 
neous injections given at inter¬ 
vals of one month. After the 
second injection be noted that 
be had a slight temperature, 
but no other adverse reactions. 

Two months later he was 
infected with virulent teisfa- 
mania but his only reaction 
was a slight transitory inflam¬ 
mation on the skin at the site 
of the inoculation. 

However, another doctor, 
who had been immunized and 
was infected developed, symp¬ 
toms and had to be treated 
with the drug, glucantime, to 
slop toe infection. - 

She too, however, seems to 
have shifted her .position -to 
some extent. Her distaste for 
economic sanctums undoubt¬ 
edly remains as strong-as ever, 
but she appears to arecgt.toat. 
British policy cannot remain 
unchanged if President Botha 
is unrelenting. Otherwise, she 
would surely not have allowed 
yesterday's discussion to pro¬ 
ceed as it did with no sign of 
disquiet on her part. 

So it now looks unlikely that 
if Sir Geoffrey's mission is as 
unproductive as most people 
expect, Mrs .Thatcher will gp‘ 
to the Commonwealth meeting 
in early August with a tom 
refusal to consider any forth? 
action. ■, 

Even if something 'more is 
then contemplated that would 
not mean that Britain's diplo¬ 
matic difficulties, over South 
Africa were at an end. British 
ministers are under no fllasfoa - 
that; anything they would he 
prepar ed to consider amid 
transform toe position inside 
South 'Africa. Their cooixn 
wald be essentially to take ' 
such action as would avoid 
British diplomatic. sohtixL 
What amid that action bp?.; 

- Put of . toe difficulty lies in 
toe .timetable. Will Britain be 
aWe to keep in line with both 
her.'Commo&nealth and -her 
European partners wben-toe 
Commonwealth meeting is at 
toe beginning 1 of. August and 
toe- European Co m mun i ty js 
sot, due to review toe effect of 
Sir Geoffrey's mission until 
toe-end of September? 

• A greater difficulty may be 
that Mrs Thatcher fafiwd 
so strongly about standing faff ■ 
ground that others may find #' 
bard to befiere that 1 she is. 
willing to more at aD stoh * 


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. Sonth African dilemma for frontline states 

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President Kaunda of Zam¬ 
bia arrived here yesterday for 
the southern African frontline 
states summit that is expected 
to play a crucial pan in the 
eventual fare of the Common- 
, wealth Games, if not the 
Commonwealth itself. 

^Lasi night Dr Kaunda and 
Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
Zimbabwean Prime Minister 
were expected to have infor¬ 
mal talks to discuss the agenda 
of the meeting and work out 
common positions. The four 
other leaders are due here this 

Four of the frontline group¬ 
ing — Botswana, Tanzania. 
Zambia and Zimbabwe — are 
Commonwealth members, 
and an announcement on 
their participation at Edin¬ 
burgh is expected tonight. The 
remaining two, Angola and 
Mozambique, are regarded as 
observers in today’s dis¬ 

Tanzania has already an¬ 
nounced its intention to boy¬ 
cott the Games. Botswana is 
the least influential member of 
the group, leaving the final 
decision to Mr Mugabe and 
Dr Kaunda. 

by Lange 

From Richard Long 

-The New Zealand Prime 
Minister, Mr David Lange, 
said yesterday that New Zea¬ 
land would back sanctions 
against South Africa if they 
were supported by the summit 
of Commonwealth leaders, but 
be regretted the action of 
nations in boycotting the 
Games, saying this threatened 
the future of the Common¬ 

• “The Commonwealth de¬ 
pends upon a curious type of 
agreement which means none 
take unilateral action against 
the interests of the whole.” 

• SYDNEY: Britain's Acting 
High Commissioner to Aus¬ 
tralia was called in yesterday* 
to hear what Mr Bill Hayden, 
die Foreign Minister, said 
were Canberra's “very deep 
concerns” about the. situation' 
(Stephen Taylor wrih$). 

The decision by Papua New 
Guinea to jpell out took even 
the Hawke Government, 
which has particularly dose 
ties with Port. Moresby, by 

Earlier this week Mr Hay¬ 
den said the Commonwealth 
faced a real risk of “unrav¬ 
elling'' if Britain failed to 
respond to the wishes of black 
African states. 

• Yesterday he said : “If the 
white Government would move 
in some demonstrably impor¬ 
tant direction, tike releasing 
Nelson Mandela and perhaps 
recognizing the ANC as a 
contact group, I think the 
pressure could be taken off 
this very difficult situation.” 

• NAIROBI: “There is a 

danger that the Common¬ 
wealth may disintegrate if the 
one recalcitrant member does 
not join the majority in taking 
certain steps,” Dr Rolaji 
Akiuyenii, the Nigerian For- 
eign Minister, said here yes¬ 
terday, on bis way to the 
annual summit of the Organi¬ 
zation of African Unity in 
Addis Ababa (Charles Harri¬ 
son writes). . . 

Strong signals on this issue 
had been seat to Britain, he 
«aM., and Nigeria was encour¬ 
aged by reports that the Queen 
had expressed her own con¬ 
cern about the threat to the 
future of the Commonwealth. 

From Jan Raath, Harare 

Observers here see a states 
Tncnt by Mr Mugabe on 
Wednesday cautioningagainst 
a break-up of the Common¬ 
wealth as a sign of his willing¬ 
ness 10 compromise over 
issues on which he haa previ¬ 
ously brooked no deviation. 

His utterances that only 
South Africa would gain from 
a break-up have been linked 
fere with a call this week by 
Mr Shndazb RamphaJ, ihc 
Commonwealth Secretary- 
Gcncral. for compromise over 

There is feverish hope in 
local sporting circles that the 
views of both represen 1 a new 
spirit that will extend to giving 
the go-ahead to participation. 

The leaders will also discuss 
the mission by Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary, 
on behalf of the EEC to 
persuade the South African 
Government to begin dialogue 
with its brack opposition. 

• DELHI: India has virtually 
decided to withdraw from the 
Games (Kuldip Nayar writes). 
The formal announcement 
will be made after the expect¬ 
ed announcement later today 

by the frontline African states 
of iheir boycott. 

There is gloom in the 125- 
strong Games contingent and 
many members have said that 
1 he Games should noi be used 
for political purposes. Some 
members recalled how British 
athletes had defied their 
Government's ban on partici¬ 
pation in the 1980 Olympic 
Games in Moscow. 

Mr V. C. Shukla, president 
of the Indian Olympic Associ¬ 
ation . has said they have to 
abide by the Government’s 
decision because the Govern¬ 
ment fools the entire bill. He 
and other officials believe 
that, with the boycott by 
African nations. India will 
have no choice in the matter 
as it is looked upon as a 
pioneer of the movement 
against the South African 

In an editorial, The States¬ 
man. from Delhi and Calcut¬ 
ta, said that India's decision to 
reconsider its participation in 
the Games “highlights the 
extent of Britain's diplomatic 
isolation over the question of 
economic sanctions against 
South Africa": 

Black states wary 
of air links ban 

From Our Correspondent, Harare 

Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, 
visibly winced in the VIP 
stands of the arena at the 
Bulawayo Trade Fair as Mr 
Shridath Ramphal. the Com¬ 
monwealth Secretary-Gener¬ 
al. delivered his opening 
speech in late April. 

The flow of anti-South Afri¬ 
can rhetoric was briefly 
checked by the roar of the 
South African Airways after¬ 
noon flight to Johannesburg 
from the western Zimbabwe 

The incident reflects the 
irony in which the southern 
African frontline states find 
themselves as the possibility 
grows of restrictions on inter¬ 
national air links with South 

Four of the states — Botswa¬ 
na, Mozambique, Zambia and 
Zimbabwe — are all tied in 
differing:degrees to the South 
African air system. 

. Maputo and Lusaka each" 
connect eight times a week 
with Johannesburg.. 

Air Botswana and Air Zim¬ 
babwe rely heavily on their 
connections with South 

Travellers-can choose from 
36 flights between Serelse 
Khama aiTport m the Botswa¬ 
na capital, Gaborone, and 
Johannesburg a week. 

Anyone flying between 
Maputo and Gaborone has to 
travel via Johannesburg. 

Air Zimbabwe- would not 
provide details of ks earnings 
from its South African con¬ 
nections. describing the fig¬ 
ures as “classified”. However, 
aviation sources here say that 
cancellation of the route be¬ 
tween Botswana and Zimba¬ 
bwe and South Africa would 
“finish” the limited commer¬ 
cial viability of the two 
frontline states' airlines. 

But observers here see in¬ 
creasing signs of intentions of 
the frontline states not 10 
impose sanctions against 
South Africa, even if the rest 
of the world does. 

In recent weeks both Bo¬ 
tswana and Mozambique 
have stated they cannot shut 
off their links with the south. 
Mr Oliver Tambo, the acting- 
president of the African Na¬ 

tional Congress, has alsosaid 
he would not ask the states to 
do so. 

Neither Zimbabwe nor 
Zambia have given any recent 
indication of their stance. But 
senior government officials 
and Cabinet ministers in 
Harare privately have dis¬ 
counted the possibility of 
Zimbabwe's participation in 

The Johannesburg-Western 
Europe route is widely accept¬ 
ed as one of the most lucrative 
in international aviation busi¬ 
ness, with many international 
airlines flying regular sched¬ 
ules in and out 0 ? Jan Smuts ! 
airport. ; 

A total, or even partial, hah ! 
to traffic there is certain to 1 
lead to a search for alternati ve ■ ■ 
routes into South Africa. 1 

The -tise-of airports of the j 
duster *. of nations around 
South Africa becomes the 
obvious choice for the transit 
points for airborne .trade with 
South Africa: 

1 “It- would be fantastic for j 
business.” remarked a senior I 
airline official here who asked 
not to be named. “With our 
borders with South Africa 
open for trade and passenger 
traffic, we could not cope with 
the demand.” 

But observers point ont that 
Jhe fromline leaders will have 
id weigh very seriously the 
political .implications of the 
situation that will have them 
neutralizing a costly interna¬ 
tional effort to force South 
Africa to abandon apartheid. 

Zimbabwe already plays 
such a role on a small scale. 

Qamas sloped flights to 
South Africa in 1977, but in 
19S2 switched the route to 
Harare. The weekly Jumbo 
flights from Harare to Austra-| 
lia are now dominated by 
South Africans passengers un¬ 
able to catch the SAA flight to 

In mid-May, Air Zimbabwe 
ind the Harare Holiday Inn, 
part-owned by the Govern¬ 
ment, were host to the rebel 
New Zealand rugby team, and 
their rowdy contingent of 
about 35 supporters, as they 
transited to and from South 

Lawyers line up to see detainees 




From Michael Hornsby 


. Hundreds of applications 
by lawyers to visit clients 
detained under the state 01 
emergency are expected to be 
lodged in the next few’ days 
after certain clauses of ine 
emergency proclamation were 
found to be unlawful by the 
Natal division of the Supreme 
Coun. . 

. The court s ruling on 
Wednesday has also been 
generally welcomed by tne 
press, which considers that its 
.complaints about the vague 
and arbitrary nature of the 
-.restrictions imposed on t 
have been broadly upheld. 
-Newspapers are Itkdy to feel 
-less inhibited now about enti- 
-cizing the Government and 

the state of emergency- . 

One emergency 
which the court st™ck down 
.prohibits anyone |^P i a 
government official fromh^ 
ing access to. or 
about, emergency 

without mmisienal penms- 
sion. Such access, the court 
found, was a basic nght, ano 
President Botha had exceeded 
his powers in denying it 
The court also declared 
void, on grounds of vague¬ 
ness. various definitions of 
-subversive statemen ■ 

-which it has been an oftence 

-..either to make or to report, 
carding a heavy fine or term 
of imprisonment_or both. 
.Although technically the 

Necklace charge 

South African police said yes¬ 
terday they had arrested a 33- 
year-old white man in 
connection with a “necklace 
murder, in which, a petrol- 
soaked tyre is placed around a 
person's neck and set alight 
(Reuter reports from Pre¬ 
toria)- The man is alleged to 
have killed a black police 
sergeant near Pretoria last 
month and to have tried to 
™ke the death look tike a 

political murder. He will ap¬ 
pear in co urt on Monday. 

verdict applies only in NataJ. 
at least until the Appellate 
Division in Bloemfontein has 
ruled on any appeal against it, 
legal experts considered yes¬ 
terday that it had sct_ a 
precedent with “persuasive 
authority” for the rest of the 
country as well. 

The Government has not 
indicated whether it intends to 
appeal. If it does not itcouki 
simply withdraw the offend¬ 
ing clauses or replace them 
wilh more clMriy vwded 
ones. In any case, mosiofthe 
shackles on press reporting of 

unrest. eMra-parl.amentaty 
opposition, and the aciions of 
the police and Army remain 

m The ruling reflects an in¬ 
creasing willingness by the 
judiciary to question the 
i,v of government ac 1 /9 n ^ 
Sdff a conaiiuuon "hrch 

contains no formal Bill of 
Rights and in a country where 
the courts cannot query the 
substance of any law passed by 
a Parliament representing less 
than 30 per cent of the 

The Metal and .Allied 
Workers' Union, which 
brought the case, yesterday 
welcomed the ruling, while 
regretting that it did not 
declare the whole state of 
emergency illegal. It attacked 
the foreign and domestic press 
for making only “mealy- 
mouthed and. half-hearted 
protests” against, the emer¬ 

Meanwhile, rent boycotts, 
some dating back to Septem¬ 
ber 1984. are under way in 28 
black townships, according to 
a survey released yesterday by 
the Academic Community 
Research Group, an indepen¬ 
dent body based at the Uni¬ 
versity of the Witwatersrand 
in Johannesburg. 

There were clashes on 
Wednesday in Soweto be¬ 
tween residents, youths sup¬ 
porting the rent boycott and 
municipal police after police 
raids on rent defaulters. 

Last month rent collected in 
Soweto was less than half the 
normal amount, and residents 
there, and in some other 
townships on the West Rand, 
have been warned that they' 
face ev iction before the end of 
the month if they continue to 
withhold payment. 

Mrs Jackie Onassis (left) with her 28-year-old da 
Vineyard, Massachusetts, for Hyanuis, where < 

Chernobyl US tei 

to re-start 

in October cancei 

From Christopher Walker \ highly accurate method of 

Moscow predicting'potential cancers in 

As the hazardous process Of 

decontaminating the crippled has been developed bj a team 

Chernobyl nuclear plantTon- JSfSS^A 

tinucs, the station's new direc- reat ^ [* b 0 * ****** 

tor has announced contra- a number of chiUren who have 

versial plans for two of the cancer the rvtina - 
Tour original i.000-megawatt The technique, which is 

graphite core reactors to begin 0O a study of foetal 

generating electricity again as chromosomes, is said to have a 
early as October. 94 pee cent rare of accuracy, 

Mr Erik Pozdyshev, who according to Dr Webster 
took over the post after the Cavenee, of the Ludwig lusti- 
previous director was dis- ^ for Cancer Research in 
missed, told Pravda that the Montreal, 
fate of the third reactor, which . 

is situated close to the one Spanking to a conference in 
which exploded on April 26. Maine on medical genetics, he 
would be decided by the claimed that in nine of the 10 
government commission in- cases so far his team has been 
vesiigati ng the disaster. This is able to predict the subsequent 
due to present its report in the development of cancer by the 
middle of next month. use of genetic markers to 

Revealing the decision to indicate DN A variations witb- 
re-starl twoof the reactors. Mr in chromosome 13, one of the 
Pozdyshev said that a number ] 

of matters relating to new 
! nuclear safety standards had 
to be worked out before they _ 

became operational again. f ’/x L* ^ 1 *. 

Mr Pozdyshev, who had 26 ,1111/11] 

years’ experience in the Soviet 
nuclear industry before his 
sudden transfer to cope with 

the dangerous aftermath of the As both sides in tl 

disaster, said that, from Sep- sharp clash under cc 
tember, staff at Chernobyl lion withdrew yester 
would work in )S-day shifts, lick their wounds 2 
after which they would go to examine the damage c 
“clean” zones 7 for a fortnight became-clear that nea 
of rest and medical super- years on from July 14 
vision.. Bastille Day this year 

Pravda also quoted local mark another — aJth 
Communist Party officials as more minoF — tumih 
criticizing the former adminis- in French history, 
trators of the plant for irre- a full-blown politic: 
sponsibility and cowardice, has been avoided, bu 
accusing them of failing to Denis Baudouin, the 
enlist enough of the original Minister's spokesman 
workforce to help in the yesterday: “Cohabitati 
massive clean-up operation. no longer be quite th< 

The Communist Party daily thing. The scars will rer 
also attacked local party om- is the Prime Minister'! 
cials in Pripyat, the now- to continue with cobab 
deserted new town near the- but the atmosphere wi 
plant, alleging that they haki- itably be more.tense.” 
not maintained sufficient con- M Baudouin admin 
trol over the implementation the Prime Minister, ! 
of decisions relating to the ques Chirac, had beet 
decontamination effort. by surprise by Pr 

Widespread concern among Mitterrand's announ 
the Soviet population about on Monday, during hi: 
the effects of radiation more tional Bastille Day tel 
than 10 weeks after the interview, that he wm 
disaster was demonstrated sign the Government's 
yesterday by the Moscow on denationalization 
youth paper Komsomolskaya first time under the 
Pravda , which devoted most Republic that a Presid 
of its back page to a six- refused to sign a decrw 
column article beaded: “Radi- M Chirac had found 1 
ation: myths and reality", ft confronted by two 2 
was the most detailed account lives: either to proi 
Of the effects of radiation political crisis or tc 
given here since the accident through the desired legi 
in Ukraine. as quickly as possible 

The paper informed its form of a parliamentar 
readers that once radioactive After consultation 
substances had entered the friends and colleagues, 
body it was difficult 10 remove decided on the latter ct 
them, and dismissed as a myth M Baudouin decline! 

the widely-held belief that what form a politics 
garlic or alcohol were effective would have taken, or v 
■antidotes, ft also sought to M Chirac ever serious 
dispel persistent fears that sidered resigning. S 
evacuees from the disaster move would not have I 
zone could themselves con- the Government’s ime 
laminate others. present, as it would hai 

iter, Caroline Kennedy, boarding a plane yesterday at Martha’s 
oline will marry Mr Edwin Schlossberg, aged 41, tomorrow. 

US team develops accurate 
cancer detection for babies 

• From Patti Vallely, New York 

r 23 pahs of human ebro- 
1 mosomes. 

' The work has concentrated 
1 on a rare bat potentially fatal 
r cancer of the eye, 

‘ letinoblascoma, which usually 
' develops in the early years of 
life. But a report of Dr 
Cavenee's work in the New 
England Journal of Medicine 
suggests that it is significant 
in that it slums for the first 
time the feasibility of predict¬ 
ing cancer susceptibility. 

The only effective treatment 
for retinoblascoma is normally 
(he removal of the child’s eye. 
Early detection has enabled 
tumours to be treated success¬ 
fully with radiation in their 

Dr Cavenee said that his 
studies had shown the same 
genetic delect was also respon¬ 
sible for osteosarcoma, a can¬ 

cer of the long bones. Those 
children who survive the eye 
cancer were at high risk from 
(his tn their early teens. The 
new technique enables this 
area also to be monitored 
regularly for tumours. 

The researchers established 
that the links between ibe eye, 
and bone cancers are not I 
exceptional. The faulty genes j 
which can produce cancers 1 
seem to do so in groupings. ! 

There appear to be links! 
between inherited cancers of 1 
the colon, stomach and uterus. > 
Cancers of the kidney, muscles 
and liver also seem linked. 

The work “gives us some 
hope that the number of these 
genes is not infinite”. Dr 
Cavenee said. “What we have 
to look for is one gene that 
seems to be effective in the 
development of more than one 
kind of tumour.” 

Turning point in French politics 

Cohabitation crisis avoided 

As both sides in the first 
sharp clash under cohabita¬ 
tion withdrew yesterday to 
lick their wounds and to 
examine the damage done, a 
became-clear that nearly 200 
years on from July 14, 1789, 
Bastille Day this year would 
mark another — although a 
more minor — turning-point 
in French history. 

A full-blown political crisis 
has been avoided, but as M 
Denis Baudouin, the Prime 
Minister's spokesman, said 
yesterday: “Cohabitation will 
no longer be quite the same 
thing. The scare will remain, ft 
is the Prime Minister's desire 
to continue with cohabitation, 
but the atmosphere will inev¬ 
itably be moretense.” 

M Baudouin admitted that 
the Prime Minister, M Jac¬ 
ques Chirac, had been taken 
by surprise by President 
Mitterrand's announcement 
on Monday, during his tradi¬ 
tional Bastille Day television 
interview, that he would not 
sign the Government's decree 
on denationalization — the 
first time under the Fifth 
Republic that a President has 
refused to sign a decree. 

M Chirac had found himself 
confronted by two alterna¬ 
tives: either to provoke a 
political crisis or to push 
through the desired legislation 
as quickly as possible in the 
form of a parliamentary Bill. 

After consultation with 
friends and colleagues, he had 
decided on the latter course. 

M Baudouin declined to say 
what form a political crisis 
would have taken, or whether 
M Chirac ever seriously con¬ 
sidered resigning. Such a 
move would not have been in 
the Government’s interests at 
present, as it would have been 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

likely to lead to new parlia¬ 
mentary or presidential elec¬ 
tions at a time when the 
Government's. policies are 
failing to attract majority sup-, 
port in the country and-when 
President Mitterrand's popu¬ 
larity has never been higher. 

: A poll published yesterday 
in Paris Match shows that 62 
per- cent of the French people 
have a good opinion of M 
Mitterrand — higher than his 
previous record score when he 

M Chirac: trailing behind 
in the opinion polls. 

was first elected President in 
May 1981 and nearly double 
his score of 32 per cent of 
“good opinions” just nine 
montits ago. 

M Chirac is trailing far 
behind with only 49 per cent 
of favourable opinions, while 
a mere 34 per cent say they are 
satisfied with the way the 
country is being governed. 

It is too eariy yet to say how 
this week's clash between 1 he 
Socialist President and his 
Gaullist Prime Minister will 
have affected their popularity 

If M Mitterrand takes the 
blame for having broken the 

cohabitation truce by having 
drawn first. M Chirac may 
nevertheless be seen as guilty 
of a form of Ihe-majesie by 
having accused' M Mitterrand 
in. a televised address to the 
nation on Wednesday night of 
. flouting the will of the people 
anfr of compromising 1 the 
coimtry's economic-recovery.- 
. lx was the first time under 
the Fifth Republic that a 
Prime Minister had publicly 
attacked a President in such a 

Cohabitation, as it has 
worked so far, has been wel¬ 
comed by the French people, 
and most say that they would 
like to see it continue until the 
end of K Mitterrand’s term as 
President in 1988. But it may 
be quite another matter if the 
partnership now enters more 
turbulent waters. 

‘ In the immediate future, 
passions are likely to die 
down. The Government has 
decided to bypass M Mit¬ 
terrand's attempted obstruc¬ 
tion by transforming its 
privatization decree into a Bill 
which will be submitted to 
next week's Cabinet before 
being rushed through Parlia¬ 
ment before the summer 

M Mitterrand has already 
made clear that he would sign 
such a Bill, as Indeed he is 
obliged to under the consti¬ 
tution. . 

But another potential head- 
on dash is looming when, in 
the next few weeks, the Gov¬ 
ernment intends to present M 
Mitterrand with 3 new decree 
on electoral reform. 

He has already expressed 
serious reservations about the 
measure, and may again de¬ 
cide to refuse 10 sign such a 

Motorcycle helmets 
cramp Italian style 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

Suicide bomber strikes 
in southern Lebanon 

From Robert Fisk, Beirnt 

The highway style of more 
than a million Italians should 
change from this morning 
through a law making crash 
helmets compulsory for motor¬ 
cyclists and Vespa riders. 

Something of the Italian 
legend Chat two wheels, a 
supercharged engine, a sweat 
shirt and a mane of hair mean 
personal liberty is sure to 

The measure is seen as 
contributing to solving the 
problem of 1,600 deaths a year 
on the roads from bead inju¬ 
ries. But it is also the begin¬ 
ning of a strategic campaign 
for greater discipline on all 
Italian drivers. 

Putting young people into 
helmets is regarded as the 
start to nailing down the 
natural Italian flair for pass¬ 
ing oh the red, taking pedestri¬ 
an crossings in their sights 
and giving bait signs no more 
than a fleeting and high-speed 

. The mass conversion, if it 
ever takes place, is for the 
future. The challenge at the 
moment is to convince motor¬ 
cyclists that the law fe not tire • 

catastrophe that some people 
maintain hot is simply bring¬ 
ing the country in hire with 

European rules. 

Italy and Greece were alone 
in the Community in allowing 
motorcyclists to drive without 

The new law says that 
everyone driving a motorcycle 
or riding as a passenger must 
wear a helmet unless they are 
aged more than 18 and riding a 
motorcycle or Vespa of 50cc or 

Fines begin at abort £70. 
Confiscation of the motorcycle 
for a month is an extra 

Helmets have to be of 
approved design and come in 
two types. 

About two million helmets 
were produced to meet the 
expected run on the shops. But 
up to a few' hours before the 
law came into effect, this had 
not happened. 

Motorcycle sales for the 
first three months of this year 
are down by 15 per cent 
against 1985 and the helmet 
threat is supposed the 

Another Lebanese'girl sui¬ 
cide bomber yesterday drove a 
car load of' explosives Into 
Jezzine. a Christian town high 
in the mountains east of 
Sidon, and blew it up in what 
appears to have been a co¬ 
ordinated plan to set off 
1 bombs in the area controlled 
by Israel’s "South Lebanon 
.Army” militia allies. 

The Syrian Social National¬ 
ist Party in Beirut announced 
that it was responsible For the 
attack, adding that the girl was 
a member of the organization. 

According 10 Christian ra- 
1 dio stations, Alt Hossnieh. a 
Syrian carrying forged Leba- 
1 ncse identity papers, was cap¬ 
tured bv SLA men 10 minutes 
before the girl killed herself in 
i the town centre, and allegedly 
admitted that several other car 
bombs had been smuggled 
, into the Jezzine district and 
into Israel’s occupation zone 
! farther south. 

The SLA immediately set 
up road-blocks throughout the 
area they control, a spine of 
mountains that runs north 
from the Israeli-occupied zone 

along the international fron¬ 

The significance of the 
bombing - and of Hossnieh’s 
alleged confession — lies less 
in the fact of the casualties 
caused than in Syria's contin¬ 
ued determination 10 pursue 
its war against Israel and its 
allies in southern Lebanon. 

The SSNP. while fictionally 
independent of Damascus, is 
supported by the Syrians, and 
one of its members was in¬ 
volved in the gun baltle 
between guerrillas and Israeli 
troops near the Israeli border 
last week. 

■ The Syrians are certainly 
playing for high stakes here 
now. While reportedly about 
10 send more uniformed 
troops into west Beirut 10 
control Palestinian guerrillas 
and other militias in the city, 
they are equally intent on 
maintaining their pressure on 
the Israelis. 

In theory, at least. Jezzine 
lies outside the Israeli occupa¬ 
tion zone, but the SLA, which 
is paid and armed by the 
Israelis, controls all its roads. 

in talks 
at No 10 

President Mubarak of Egypt 
arrived in London yesterday 
from Paris on a wo-day 
private visit. He was having 
talks with Mrs Thaxcher last 
night (Our Foreign Stall 

The subjects to be discussed 
were expected to include a 
general review- of the situation 
in the Middle East. 

He hail left Paris with 
assurances from the French 
Government that it would 
help Egypi in its efforts to ease 
its pressing economic prob¬ 
lems. He met President 
Mitterrand over breakfast. 

Armstrong to 
give evidence 

Sydney (Reuter) - Sir Rob¬ 
ert Armstrong, secretary to the 
British Cabinet, will give evi¬ 
dence later this year to try to 
prevent publication of a book 
written by Peter Wright, aged 
70. a former British MIS spy 
now living in Tasmania. 

Temporary injunctions 
were granted by the Sydney 
Supreme Court last Septem¬ 
ber blocking Australian publi¬ 
cation of the book, and 
Britain's Attorney-General' 
obtained High Court injunc¬ 
tions in London last month 
preventing The Guardian and 
The Observer from publishing 


Missile test 

Tel Aviv (APj — Israel has 
successfully launched its first 
home-built anti-missile mis¬ 
sile. which destroyed a low- 
flying TOW anti-tank missile 
at a range of 5.7 miles. 

Bomb found 

New York (Reuter) — Coast 
Guard officials found a home¬ 
made bomb on an island in 
New York harbour 12 days 
after Presidents Reagan and 
Mitterrand met there for Stat¬ 
ue of Liberty celebrations. 

Warders held 

Amritsar (AP) - Authori¬ 
ties have arrested five prison 
officials in Kapurthala in Pun¬ 
jab for interrogation about a 
jail break by four Sikh extrem¬ 
ists in which two prison 
guards were killed. 

Closed down 

Vienna (Reuter) - Hungar¬ 
ian authorities have closed 
Tiszataj. a leading provincial 
literary: magazine; in a move 
which has caused consterna¬ 
tion among literary circles. 

Yours costly 

• Lisbon (Reuter) — Two 
postcards signed by all four 
members of the Beatles pop 
group in the eariy 1960s 
fetched 3.6 million escudos 
(about £16.000) at auction. 

Bush tour 

Washington — Vice-Presi¬ 
dent George Bush will visit 
Israel. Jordan and Egypt from 
July 25 to August 5 for talks 
with their leaders.- • - 

AFP strike 

1 - Paris (Reuter) — Staff at 
Agence Francc-Presse voted to 
continue a strike against staff 
cuts, prolonging for a further 
48 hours a stoppage by foreign 
and domestic staff. 

War terror 

Lusaka (Reuter) - Nearly 
30,000 refugees fleeing wars in 
neighbouring Angola and Mo¬ 
zambique entered Zambia in 
the last year and more are 
coming in each month. 

Pay cheek 

Stockholm (AP) - Lieuten¬ 
ant-Colonel Bcnil Stroberg. a 
Swedish Air Force officer 
released two months ago from 
a three-year prison term for 
espionage, is asking the Air 
Force to keep paying him. 

Cactus killer 

Phoenix (AP) — Mr Seth 
Daniels, a glider pilot, was 
killed when part of a 20 ft 
cactus landed on his sail plane 
after one of its wings struck 
the plant during landing. 

Mouse alert 

Bangkok (AP) - A British 
Airways Lockheed L1011 
bound" for Hong Kong earlier 
this week was delayed for two 
hours after a mouse was 
sighted on board. 

Poles held 

Stockholm (Reuter) — 
Three Polish nationals and a 
Swede were arrested after 
being discovered on a yacht 
deep inside a military zone in 
the waters off Stockholm.. 

Hashish hide ; 

Rome (.AP) — Police in 
Civitavecchia seized a ton and 
a half of hashish hidden under 
swordfish in a refrigerator 
truck and confiscated a yacht 
that smuggled the drugs from 


San Diego. California (UPI) 

- The latest anempi to build 
the world’s largest sand castle 

- one that would top last 
vear’s 15,000-ion giant-has 
been cancelled because of a 
lack of sand. 




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Overseas inewS 

Bonn says ‘defector’ 
may be travelling 
spy for East Germany 

GL 1.3, 





• Hot Herbert Meissner, the 
tast Oennan who defected to 
w I 5 st l CjenT, any Iasi week but 
who has mysteriously arrived 
inside the East German diplo¬ 
matic mission here, now ap¬ 
pear to have been an East 
German agent since 1978. 

’ He was a member of what 
East German intelligence ap¬ 
parently describes as its '‘trav¬ 
elling cadre": agents whose 
East German jobs enable them 
to move around Western 
countries and provide a 
“cover" for collecting infor¬ 
mation of interest to East 
German intelligence. 

Herr Meissner was a depute 
chairman of ihe East German 
Academy of Sciences. This 
enabled him to visit academic 
conferences and institutes in 
the West. He performed these 
duties in several Western 
countries: a West German 
official said it was quite 
probable that thev would have 
included Britain. 

These details of Herr 
Meissner's past were made 
known yesterday by West 
German public prosecutors, 
who said he volunteered the 
information to the West Ger¬ 
man intelligence service last 

• He had been arrested after 
allegedly being caught shop¬ 
lifting a shower fixture in 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

Wenhcim. a West Berlin de¬ 
partment store, and told po¬ 
lice that he would speak only 
to the West German intelli¬ 
gence service. He was flown to 
Munich to do so. In due 
course, he allegedly signed a 

Then, by a process which 
has not been explained, he 
ended up on Tuesday in the 
East German diplomatic mis¬ 
sion in Bonn, with East Ger¬ 
many saying he had been 
kidnapped in West Berlin and 
forced to make his confession 
in Munich. 

The West Germans insist 
that he defected of his own 
free will. 

After his sudden arrival at 
the mission, lhc chief West 
Cu-rman federal public prose¬ 
cutor. Herr Kurl Rcbmann. 
announced that he was start¬ 
ing a criminal investigation 
into his activities. Ii was 
officially siatcd yesterday that 
he was under suspicion for 
spy me against West Germany. 

So long as the investigation 
stands. Herr Meissner cannot 
leave the mission without 
being arrested. But there were 
signs yesterday that Bonn does 
not warn it to come 10 that. 

If ii becomes clear that his 
request for asylum, and al¬ 
leged provision of informa¬ 
tion about his spying, was a 

panic reaction to his being 
caught shoplifting, and that he 
really docs want to go back to 
East Germany. Bonn would 
seem to prefer that he be 
spirited out of the country in 
some arrangement with the 
East Germans. 

Normally, the Government 
has no powers to tell the chief 
public prosecutor to drop an 
investigation. But the rather 
obliquely worded paragraph 
153d of the Criminal Proce¬ 
dure Regulation gives the 
prosecutor discretion to drop 
an investigation into what it 
describes as a "political 
crime" if he thinks it is in "the 
national or public imcrrcsf*. 

It was widely believed here 
yesterday that this is what will 
happen in this case, since 
Bonn is particularly anxious 
to improve relations with East 
Germany so as to stop the 
flood of asylum seekers from 
the Third world, which East 
Germany is sending into West 
Germany across lhc Berlin 
Wall — an operation which 
earns East Germany’s airline, 
Imertlug. hard currency by 
living them to East Berlin for 
the crossing. 

Meanwhile. Herr Meissner 
spent all yesterday at the 
mission, which W3s watched 
by West German plainclothes 
policemen in unmarked cars. 

Military accused of Tamil deaths 

More than 67 Tamils are 
reported to have been killed in 
Muttur in Sri Lanka's Eastern 
Province on Wednesday, al¬ 
legedly by the security forces. 

* The Tamils, more ihan 30 
of whom were said to be from 
a refugee camp, are believed to 
belong to villages in Muttur 

From Vjjitha Yapa, Colombo 

Peruveli. Mallykaitivu and 

The Ministry of National 
Security, meanwhile, says 37 
people, including guerrillas 
and a few civilians, were killed 
when security forces were 
attacked in the area. 

Russia pushes into space 

Mir mission boost 
: to confidence 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

‘ In contrast to the grounded 
tJS space programme, the 
Soviet Union is poised to press 
ahead with farther rapid de¬ 
velopment of its plans in 
space. This follows the suc¬ 
cessful end'on Wednesday to 
the first manned mis^Ba to the 
new Mir (peace) sdpcMijftiifL 
the safe return -to 
Leonid Kiriaf a»d Vlad}mir 
Solovyov, the co sm o nau ts. 

■ Commenting on their refe¬ 
reed landing and reflecting 
the new Soviet confidence in 
publicizing details of its for¬ 
merly secret programme, Tass 
said that the fast stage of work 
do Mir had now - been 

“The cosmonauts cond ucted 
overall tests of the structure 
and on-hoard systems of Mir, 
tested and adjusted its equip¬ 
ment and fitted out additional 
instruments ... delivered by 
two unmanned freight ships 
Grom Earth and the Soynz 
T15 craft from the orbital 
complex Salynt 7**, it said. 

; “The experience of organiz¬ 
ing crew work on tbe two 
brbitnJ stations daring one 
flight will be used in the 
Operation of multi-porpose, 
permanently manned compl¬ 

exes with special orbital 

After their 125 days in orbit 
which included the first flight 
between orbiting space sta¬ 
tions, both Commander Kara,, 
aged 44, and Engineer Sol¬ 
ovyov, aged 39, said mi Soviet 
television that they were pre¬ 
pared to . return to space, if 
necessary, right away. 

During the.flight, -they also 
photographed the stricken 
Chernobyl nuclear reactor in 
Ukraine and made two space 
walks to erect a platform for 
future experiemnts outside 
Salyut 7. 

Tass said that tbe work in 
open space helped them to 
master techniques which 
would be applied later in the 
building of '‘large-scale struc¬ 
tures in near-Earth orbit". 

In addition to the ambitiots 
Mir programme to establish a 
permanently manned space 
station, other goals in the 
Soviet space plan are known to 
include a project to send two 
unmanned probes around tbe 
Martian moons, Phobos and 
Deimos, in 1988 and a much 
longer-term scheme _to_ send 
the first manned mission to 




From Christopher Walker 

: A review of the perfor¬ 
mance of the Soviet ^onomy 
during the first half of 1986 by 
;the Central Committee of the 
Communist Party indicates 
that Mr Goibachov is racing a 
number of serious problems in 
his attempts to introduce 

re Afthough the general tone of 
the committee's resoluuon 
yesterday was favourable, re¬ 
porting the achievement of 
iargeis in all areas, with the 
notable exception of the nag¬ 
ging oil industry-, it also 
warned of the “^mix¬ 
ability of any complacency 
and euphoria". .. - 

In a highly critical sepjon. 
the committee's iwoM*" 
concluded: "U is P°. ,nte i°“* 
that restructuring m many 
ministries, departments, 
amalgamations and mdusmal 
plants is slow so far- Aj-T era 
uon has been achieved in by 
no means all sectors. 

Western observers sa ld J^ 
night that the ntsotoon F™; 
vided important confirmation 
that Mr Gorbachov was en¬ 

his planned roforms among 
the entrenched middle ran 
of the Soviet b “ rrau< ^X 
particularly in ^lf_ 

where perks ensured the sen 

interesl of officials in oppcB- 

ing any change m the status 

auo- - 
The toughness of the erm- 
ci ™co2ned in the— 
liipA'c resolution was expccteo 

;r^i°wed * **** 

efforts from the centre to 
encourage type of stream¬ 
lining repeatedly called for by 

Mr Gorbachov. 

Ecevit in 

court over 

From Rasit Gnrdllek 

Mr Bulent Ecevit Turkey's 
former Social Democrat lead¬ 
er who is banned from poli¬ 
tics until 1992, appeared in 
court vesterday on charges 
which could bring him one to 
three years’ imprisonment. 

He is indicted over a speech 
made on May IS at the 
founders’ conference of the 
Democratic Left Party, which 
is headed by his wife. Mrs 

Rahsan Ecevit. _ . 

In bis speech, Mr Ecevit 
attacked the posHxrop consti¬ 
tution as "totalitarian and 
issued a call to the Democratic 
Right for a joint struggle for its 

His address was seen a 
violation of provisional 
articles of the Political Parties 
Law which bar any J,‘ nks “ 
-even honorary ones - oe- 
iween existing parties. aim 
former leaders until their re¬ 
strictions run out- 

Mr Ecevit has already been 
jailed twice under the military 
regime over cnucal state¬ 
ments to the foreign press. 

Mr Ecevit: attacks the 
post-coup constitution- 

In Colombo, a Tamil who 
was prosecuted by the Gov¬ 
ernment for spreading ru¬ 
mours was discharged by a 
High Court judge yesterday. 
Paul Nallanayagam. a Sri 
Lankan who is now a Canadi¬ 
an citizen, was charged under 
the emergency regulations. 

Costa Rica 
buys US 


From Martha Honey 
San Jose 

Members of Bolivia's anti-drags unit, known as the Leopards, holding two suspects in the early stages of a controversial 
_ US-backed operation in the jungles of the Beni region of eastern Bolivia this week._ 


British two 

not guilty 

Los Angeles (Reuter) — Two 
brothers alleged to have hired 
four men to kill lheir parents 
in order to collect S500.00Q 
(£325.000) in life insurance 
yesterday pleaded not guilty to 
murder and conspiracy. 

Three of the men allegedly 
hired to kill the elderly British 
couple also pleaded not guilty. 
A fourth had previously plead¬ 
ed guilty. 

Gerald Woodman, aged 67, 
and *his wife Vera, 63, were 
shot dead on September 25 in 
a garage beneath their apart¬ 
ment. Prosecutors allege that 
Neil and Stewart Woodman 
hired the four men to ambush 
their parents in a bid to save 
lheir failing plastics company 

Aboriginal art riches found 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

There are parts of Australia 
so remote that visitors feel as 
though they have been to 
another planet. 

Nine young Britons have 
just emerged from one such 
wilderness after a five-week 
expedition, during w hich they 
discovered an Ei Dorado of 
ancient Aboriginal art. 

The young adventurers, 
aged between 19 and 24, were 
members of an Operation 
Raleigh group which set oft to 
make the first descent of the 
hazardous Drysdafe River, in 
a region known as the Kimber¬ 
ley in north-west Australia. 

The point from which they 
set out. about 80 miles west of 
Wyndham, is inaccessible 
even to four-wheeMrive vehi¬ 
cles. The only way in was by 
air force -drop**. The only way 

out was by canoe. 

They discovered that, as 
well as kangaroos, Australia 
has crocodiles. Not just the 
smalt, freshwater type found 
on tbe Drysdale's lower 
reaches, bat tbe monster estu¬ 
arine variety, too. 

The canoe journey is al¬ 
ready being overshadowed by 

the richness of the Aboriginal 
art find. 

Clive Richardson, the expe¬ 
dition leader, says :"It was 
almost by chance. Oar prog¬ 
ress down the river had been 
delayed by an injnry, and some 
of the gronp wandered off 
among the sandstone cliffs and 
overhangs along the DrysdaleT 

Joe Schmiechen, an author¬ 
ity on Aboriginal art, says 
r*We have only touched on 
what is a tremendously rich 
repository of an ... we saw 
hundreds of very fine and 
detailed figures of hooters and 
dancers. In places there are 
whole murals that you could 
liken to Egyptian wall art." 

Some of the paintings are 
believed to date back about 
10,000 years. 

Costa Rica is acquiring 
three radar-equipped, twin- 
engine “push and pull" air¬ 
craft from the United States 
for use in drug traffic control 
and surveillance of Contra 
and Sandinista military activi¬ 
ties along its northern border 
with Nicaragua. 

These are the first military- 
type planes obtained by Costa 
Rica, which has no Army'. But 
its 10,000-man security force 
has. in recent years, been 
bolstered by US training and 
equipment, and has begun to 
look increasingly like a mili¬ 
tary force. 

In making the announce¬ 
ment. the Minister of Public 
Security. Senor Hernan Gar- 
ran Salazar, said that the 
lanes would be used to look 
‘or marijuana plantations and 
for surveillance of Costa 
Rica's several hundred small 
aiiports and landing strips. He 
said the US had offered such 
planes, which cost S25 million 
(£16.9 million) each, to sever¬ 
al Latin American countries 
for drug control. 

This is the largest military 
purchase ever made by Costa 
Rica. Last year its US military 
aid totalled S9 million. 

The US last year supplied 
Costa Rica with two helicop¬ 
ters and four Cessna 206 light 
aircraft, but the "push and 
pull" planes are its first poten¬ 
tially miliiar-y aircraft. This 
type' of plane is used by several 
other countries, including 
Nicaragua, for combat pur¬ 
poses, but Sehor Gamin said 
Costa Rica would not equip 
them with guns or bombs. 

Costa Rican and US offi¬ 
cials say this country is in¬ 
creasingly serving as a bridge 
for moving drugs between 
Colombia. Bolivia and Peru 
and ihe United Stales. 

Only Boots 

£50 trade-ins. 

(We think we’ve got the video market taped) 


OTSPVV rKThcra.'. XF'W'j 

.. . -ll 

Sharp 681H.wlth infra-red remote control. 
Trade in price only £319-95 

Hitachi VT63E, with remote control 
Trade in price only £300.00 

Sanyo 1100E, with infra-red remote control 
Trade in price only £319.99 

Toshiba V-71B. 

Trade in price only £309.95 

Bring in your old video recorder before August 30th and well give 
you £50 off any new video recorder costing £350 or more at Boots. 


| Apply for your Boots Charge Card now. APR 29.8/6 (Direct Debit) 34.4/6 (Other) Variable. 







Civil War anniversary passes without ceremony 

Spain draws veil over past 

Rom Richard Wfae 

**■“?«* Govern- 

2SSL5? 0pted 10 hoW no 

public commemoration of the 
outbreak of the Civil War 50 
yrare ago today, preferring to 
to re£ctp“ 
'^ateiy on the anniversary. 

is not forgetting by 
ter Solan a, the Minister of 
Culture, who is also chief 
government spokesman, em¬ 
phasized yesterday. 

“We believe a majority of 
Spaniards want a reflective 
comm emoration, not an ag* 
gressrve one, of a fratricidal 
conflict which caused so much 
bloodshed and loss of liberty 
for so ]ong.” 7 

Typical of his generation, 
benor Solan a insisted that 
Sjmjo today is “utterly 
different” from 50 years ago. 

What would the Govern¬ 
ment be commemorating? 
The Second Republic was a 
failure,” Professor Santos Ju¬ 
lia, a young historian special¬ 
izing in the Civil War, 
commented wryly. “Franco 
anyway always celebrated July 

Ever since the dictator died 

in 1 975 the key word has been 
reconciliation. A genuine na¬ 
tional consensus has emerged 
on not reopening the terrible 
wounds caused when, as the 
poet Robert Graves put it, the 

Spaniards declared war on 

In a way, a decision about 
what to do on this anniversary 
was taken last November, 
when King Juan Carlos inau¬ 
gurated a monument near 
Madrid's Prado museum, 
honouring “all those who gave 
their lives for Spain". 

The Roman Catholic 
Church, which had a big role 
in Franco's Spain, is in sicp 
with the Socialists in opting 
for prudent reconciliation. 
The bishops' conference re¬ 
fused, however, to respond to 
the suggestion by Senor Julian 
Marias, the Catholic intellec¬ 
tual, that the Church had 
failed in its mission by taking 
sides in the war. 

Ordinary Spaniards show 
little interest in memories of 
the G vfl War. This is especial- 




Senor Solana; Spain now 
“utterly different". 

ly true of the generation now 
in its forties, the age group 
represented by ihe Gonzalez 

The lack of general public 
debate has meant that those 
professionally involved — his¬ 
torians and intellectuals - 
have taken the floor. Professor 
Pedro Lain Entralgo, presi¬ 
dent of the Real Academia, 
who as a young man was an 
intellectual on the Nationalist 
side, set the high moral tone 
by insisting that establishing 
the truth is the only way 
genuinely to overcome Spain's 

But the most stimulating 
contribution has come from 
the younger generation of 
historians, mostly in their 
forties. They choose to high¬ 
light the blunders and incom¬ 
petence of the Second Repub¬ 
lic. both in peace and war. 

The Madrid daily El Pais 
has been the main public 
forum for these historians' 
critical reappraisal. It was the 
left's indiscriminate persecu¬ 
tion of religion which “handed 
the rebels a justification on a 
plate", one historian wrote. 

Another emphasized how 
fatal the social revolution in 
Catalonia proved to the war 
effort, a third asked why no 
partisans were organized be¬ 
hind Franco's lines. 

Franco’s regime never com¬ 
pleted its Civil War memorial 
in Madrid, but there is a 

Victory Arch. Visit it and you 
find broken bottles and refuse; 
it is locked up and almost 

Where you can see, un¬ 
abashed. the spirit of the 
winning side is at the Army 
Museum here. There is not a 
trace of the Republican Army. 
A vast wall painting depicts 
officers and other gentlemen 
taken prisoner by the “red 
hordes" being shot down at 
Paracucllos, outside Madrid, 
in the autumn of 1936. 

Historians have to go to 
Salamanca, where the Nation¬ 
al Archives on the Civil War- 
are kepL They have a lop¬ 
sided history, too, for they 
were originally assembled by 
Franco's advancing armies, 
seizing everything from left- 
wing parties, the trade unions, 
local authorities and popular 

After the war, Franco's Civil 
Guard used these as a mine for 
its repressive activities. 
Among the grimmest things 
are two million personal files 
on those on the losing side. 

Senor Antonio Gonzalez, 
aged 28, the chief archivist, 
showed me a veritable cham¬ 
ber of horrors, including an 
imaginary Masonic lodge as¬ 
sembled by the Civil Guard, 
replete with human skulls, to 
satisfy Franco's morbid obses¬ 
sion that Freemasonry had 
been at the root of all Spain's 
evils during the Republic. 


delivery a 
Swiss slip 

From Alan McGregor 

Holiday reliefs here, as else¬ 
where, can sometimes be too 
full of dash — with the result 
that 15 cases containing 882 lb 
of demolition explosives were 
delivered to an apartment 
building in Gossau yesterday 
and left stacked in the en¬ 
trance hall 

Intended for a nearby mili¬ 
tary barracks, they had been 
sent by rail addressed to the 
commanding officer, with di¬ 
rections that he be advised of 
their arrival and arrange 

A holiday temporary at the 
station delivery service — 
staffed at that moment entire¬ 
ly by young temps—looked in 
the phone book, found some¬ 
body else with the same name 
and sent the lot to that 
address. ■ 

The replacement driver de¬ 
livered the cases without find¬ 
ing anyone to sign for ihem 
and continued on his round. 

His mistake was discovered 
by a homecoming tenant who 
spotted the cases with children 
playing nearby, investigated 
and called the police. 

The military have assured 
all concerned there was no 
danger "for, in conformity 
with regulations, detonators 
are never sent together with 

Pentagon bars defence firm 

Two of the 10 nuns meeting friends after their release in the southern Philippines yesterday, 

Marcos agrees Philippine rebels free 
to return jq kidnapped nuns 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 
Ten Roman Catholic nuns 
kidnapped six days ago by 

cash to Manila 

Washington (Renter) — The 
US Defence Department has 
(racked down for the third 
time in 12 months on a leading 
contractor, suspending Litton 
Industries from any farther 
work for the Pentagon. 

Litton, the 19th largest 
American defence contractor 
with 51.5 billion (£1 billion) in 
shipbuilding contracts last 

New Surinam 
Cabinet ‘step 
to democracy’ 

Paramaribo (Reuter) — 
Lieatenant-Colonel Daysi 
Bouterse. Surinam's military 
leader, yesterday named a new 
Cabinet in what government 
officials described as a step 
towards restoring democracy. 

The interim President. Mr 
Fred Ramdat Misier, swore in 
the 14 ministers in a brief 

Colonel Bouterse's Govern¬ 
ment has promised a return to 
civilian rule by April 1987. 

Last year opposition parties 
were invited to participate in 
government and allowed io 
hold public meetings for the 
first time since the military 
takeover in 1980. 

The Cabinet, to replace one 
that resigned late last month, 
is a coalition of business, 
labour and opposition politi¬ 
cal parties. The new Prime 
Minister. Mr Pretaapnarian 
Radhakishun. is a business¬ 
man and president of the Sur¬ 
inam Industries Association. 

Death toll of 600 as 
‘dirty war’ spreads 

By Caroline Moorebead 

A campaign of torture, polit¬ 
ical killings and “disapp¬ 
earances" has been spreading 
pnil intensifying in Colombia 
since the beginning of the year, 
according to Amnesty Inter¬ 

More than 600 Colombians 
have been seized and killed by 
troops, police and gunmen 
working for them, but military 
chiefs, who alone can prose¬ 
cute army or police staff for 
human rights violations, are 
refusing to do so. 

Seflor Alvaro Duqne Alva¬ 
rez, director-general of the 
criminal court system, has 
described what is happening 
as a “dirty war". 

Victims include students, 
teachers, lawyers who defend 
political prisoners, trade 
unionists, supporters 
wing opposition parties, Indi¬ 
an community leaders and hu¬ 
man rights activists. 

Alfredo Rafael San Juan 
Arevalo and his brother Samv¬ 
el Humberto are two students 
reported to have l*en heW 
since March 1982. Their de¬ 
tention has not be acknow*- 
edged by the Colombian 
authorities and their 
aborts still remain bbIdmwJ- 

In the aatarnn of 1982 their 
names were linked to 
napping and mnrtwofjthree 

children, but the acaMtmiB 

have since been withdrawn- 11 
is believed they are bemgbeld 
in secret mU*W or P 0 ^ 

Cn f)espite the protests of civil¬ 
ian officials who 
rf official wotente 

panic among the pmwc, 




violence continues to increase. 
On the night of Snnday June 
8, 19 people were seized and 
shot in the bead in the city of 
Cali, which alone has seen 
more than 350 k i l l in gs, and 
where the Army's Third Bri¬ 
gade has been dropping leaf¬ 
lets from the air, 
citizens to identify the 
and subversive". 

Meanwhile, death 
some in uniform and some in 
civilian dotbes, travel in army 
vehicles and on marked cars 
without licence plates and 
have been seen handing over 
prisoners at military bases and 

barracks. Army spokesmen 
claim many of the killings are 
by civilian death squads and 
cannot be controDed. 

The violence has teen gath¬ 
ering momentum after a trace 
negotiated by President Bet- 
anenr with most of the coun¬ 
try's guerrilla groups started 
to break down last year. 
Incidents have continued to 
rise as his term of office news 
its end. President-elect Vir- 
gilio Bareo is. to take office on 

A Amnesty International rays 
It has written to President 
Betancnr, pressing him to set 
up an independent judicialIm- 
oniry to investigate, prosecute 
and punish police and troops 

year, was s ns pended on 
Wednesday after a $63 mil¬ 
lion indictment for fraud 
involving overcharging on ra¬ 
dar and radio equipment for 
the US Navy. 

Litton Systems fnc, (he 
military arm of the company, 
agreed in Philadelphia on 
Tuesday to plead guilty to 325 
counts of overbilling to the 

tone of $6 J million. 

The chairman of Litton, Mr 
Fred O'Green, said steps had 
been taken to ensure it would 
not happen again. 

In the campaign against 
overbilling, the Pentagon sus¬ 
pended its third largest con¬ 
tractor, General Dynamics 
Corporation, twice in the past 

Zurich t Reuter) — The for¬ 
mer Philippines President. Mr 
Ferdinand Marcos, is willing 
to return $213 million (£138 
million) held in Swiss bank 
accounts to the Government 
of President Aquino, a govern¬ 
ment lawyer said yesterday. 

Mr Moritz Leuenbergersaid 
provisional agreement had 
been reached with Mr Mar¬ 
cos's lawyers on the return of 
the money, but he emphasized 
that the sum did not represent 
a final settlement and said 
negotiations were continuing. 


Muslim rebels were ret 
unharmed at dawn yesterday 
in a remote southern Philip¬ 
pines town and praised the 
kind treatment they received 
from their captors. 

-We were treated very well, 
very kindly and very resp¬ 
ectfully,” the Mother Superi¬ 
or, Sister Marie Magdaleine 
Ledenma, said after their re¬ 
lease at 6 JO am in Yanagi, 
500 miles south of Manila. 

After the handover, authori¬ 

ties said they expected the 
release of an American mis¬ 
sionary, Mr Brian Lawrence, 
kidnapped 24 hours after the 
abdnetion of the nuns. 

Looking tired, but in high 
spirits, toe nuns later retained 
to their nearby secluded 

Their release was negotiat¬ 
ed by a joint civil and military 
team which included Princess 
Tarhata Lucman, a Muslim, 
who three weeks ago helped 
secure the release of a French 
missionary, Michel de Gigord. 

in Tokyo 
on whisky 

From A Correspondent 

Britain's top-class whisky 
distillers and Europe's makers 
of fine wine can give up their 
hope of winning any greater 
share of the lucrative Japanese 
market in the near future. 

The latest round of talks on 
fairer access for European 
Community liquor exports to 
Japan ended in stalemate 

The head of the EEC delega¬ 
tion, Mr Raymond Phan Van 
Phi. dismissed out of hand 
Japanese arguments against 
changing their tax system for 
imported liquor, which penal¬ 
izes quality, not quantity: 
“None of these responses we 
found convincing. Sentiment 
in Europe is nearing outrage." 

Japan says it can do little to 
change traditional preferences 
for local drinks, such as sake 
rice wine. Rea] Scotch whis¬ 
kies, however, are valued, and 
whisky in general has almost 
become a national drink. 

The Community places 
high priority on the talks and a 
third round is scheduled for 
the autumn; Mr Phan Van Phi 
said Europe would consider 
some form of trade retaliation 
if this also failed. 

Under the Japanese tax 
system imported whisky at¬ 
tracts a minimum duty almost 
eight times the tax on the local 
product, forcing such products 
as malt whiskies into the 
luxury end of the market. A 
standard bottle of Glenfiddicb 
12-year-old malt costs about 
£50 in Japan, compared with 
about £12 in Britain. 

The EEC is also demanding 
controls on wine labelling. Mr 
Phan Van Phi said 66 per cent 
of Japanese surveyed in a 
Community poll believed a 
Japanese-produced spirit la¬ 
belled Monde Napoleon Bran¬ 
dy was a French import. 




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Why children aren’t playing the game 

The decline of 

iour three top 

" Beam sports in 
schools requires 
urgent action. 
- looks at causes 
iu: and effects 

T he British are strik¬ 
ingly inconsistent at 
major team games. 
Individuals like Ian 
Botham. Bryan Rob¬ 
son and Billy Beaumont may 
'have illuminated cricket, foot¬ 
ball and rugby in recent years 
bui too often there is a lack of 
’ Supporting ability, so essential 
for victory. 

'""But the successors to these 
stars may be even scarcer. 
Schools, where so many inter¬ 
nationals have had their first 
Httspiralion and instruction, 
aft turning away from the 
traditional games in greater 
'and greater numbers. 

There is no disagreement on 
the need for action. The 
■ dispute is over what to do — 
’ and it has taken on topicality 
^ with a government inquiry, 
: demands for a parliamentary 
.debate and profound, wide¬ 
spread concern that eventual¬ 
ly our national teams will 
' suffer because of current 

’Cutbacks in government 
sending have led to reduced 
' facilities and instruction in 
- state schools. One report that 
‘ the government will consider 
‘-is-from Eddie Fisk, a physical 
‘education teacher who sur¬ 
veyed facilities at stale schools 
-in the Surrey borough of 
.'Merton's high and middle 
■'schools. His report shows the 
'difficulties caused by the un- 
■availability of transport, ex- 
. cessive demands for grounds 
; at certain times of the week, 

: and a staff-pupil ratio too high 
- tb permit adequate tuition. 

- -The Central Council of 
•'Physical Recreation is also 
'concerned about plans to sell 
'460 sports grounds around 
•-Britain, many used by school- 
children, for property 

"--The recent teachers’ dispute 
’ has also had a drastic effect 
^ Many teachers have stopped 
'' organizing sports teams out¬ 
side school hours, partly out of 
' resentment at not having their 
original demands fully met 
and partly because they have 
become used to having more 
-spare time of their own. 

Gordon Seeker, a PE leach- 
‘.'e'r 'who works at Cardinal 
. Manning School in Padding- 
says: “My family has 
discovered what it is like to 
.‘-have me at home on Saturdays 
"for the first lime. They like it 
«and so do 1.1 would be a fool 
.-Ho^go back to running school 
■fleams after hours for no 
'tmoney at all." 

Yet the issue is far too deep- 

School inner 

_ 13S& A 400- 

school with a good name in 
Welsh rugby. Rugby 
compulsory for all boys; six 

1970: Cathays merges with 
girts school, becomes 
comprehensive for inner 
Cardiff, increases to 800 
pupils. Number playing - 

A great future behind 

them? Scenes like this become rarer as school sport landscapes change, often for political reasons 

1974: Last of grammar 
school intake leaves, school 
playing fields sold by 
council, new ones are two-and- 
a-haif miles away. 

£kr4 1975: Parents press for 
school to diversify sports. 
Result only 200 students 
‘left playing rugby. 

1976: HMl inspectors press 
& school to diversify and take 
emphasis away from 
competitive team games. 

Si#* 1985: Number of rugby 
- players falls to 180 from 200. 

Teachers strike begins. 

1986: Only 60 players left j 
Report by HMl on South 
Glamorgan schools says 
there are still too many 
competitive team games 
being played. ] 

rooted to be attributed solely 
to recent political upheavals. 
Many pupils prefer to spend 
Saturdays in spare-lime em¬ 
ployment. while studying to 
ensure academic success — 
and the chance of future 
employment — has never been 
more important. In individual 
sports the loss of a few boys 
does not directly affect others, 
but in team games it can mean 
the failure to field an XI or a 

The introduction of com¬ 
prehensive education over the 
past quarter of a century has 
meant that many grammar 
schools with a tradition of 
successful teams have been 
swallowed up. So fewer boys 
have been playing inter-school 
matches, particularly since fi¬ 
nancial stringency meant it 
was increasingly difficult to 
spend money on team 

C omprehensive edu¬ 
cation has also 
stressed a variety of 
choice, through the 
encouragement of 
all pupils to whom team 
games may have lacked appeal 
in the past. The Inner London 
Education Authority is among 
those local educational bodies 
which have promoted activi¬ 
ties that children may be more 
inclined to continue with after 
Ihey leave school. Instead of 

concentrating diminishing 
public resources on the elite 
(and a male elite, at that, in 
cricket, football and rugby), 
there is a dear attempt to mix 
the sexes in physical education 
and to curtail competition. 
Mrs Carole Rowbotham, 

the ILEA’s senior PE inspec¬ 
tor. said recently on ITV’s The 
London Programme. “I think 
balance is the most important 
word, particularly when we 
arc talking about the daily 
programme from nine to four 
in schools. We would be 
against competition during 
that time. If competition takes 
place in inter-school matches, 
then that is an extra-curricular 
activity and should be taking 
place after 4pm or on Saturday 

It is now common for 
children to play the three 
traditional team games at 
leisure and sports centres and 
to play for dub teams rather 
represent their schools. 

The PE authorities stress 
that it is not their job to 
produce outstanding teams. 
Dr John Cane, a former 
English schools footballer who 
is. chairman of the Physical 
Education Association, says: 
“Wc have been accused of 
minimizing cricket, rugby and 
football, but PE was never 
intended to produce world- 
class players. PE is and always 
will be the development of the 

Changes in sport, he says, 
arc due to shifting sorial 
patterns, since many people 
no longer feel like sacrificing 
their spare time in competi¬ 
tive games, preferring activi¬ 
ties like jogging and aerobics. 
"If. for instance, squash is 
increasing as rugby decreases, 
then so what? The sports 
available to children have 
broadened to include every¬ 
one. not just the elite who play 
competitive sports, and PE 
now gives everyone a real 

interest The result is that 
more adults are active in sport 
after they leave school than 
ever before. People do not 
want to do the same things 
that they did 50 years ago.” 

Peter Lawson, secretary of 
the CCPR, says there is danger 
in the neglect of team sports at 
school. “Games stress co¬ 
operation and a sense of 
belonging to a school in the 
community", he says. There is 
a terrible danger if it is left 
solely to dubs. It is then the 
parents' responsibility to take 
children to clubs, and this 
means that team games will 
become increasingly middle- 
class. By restricting these 
games to clubs, it means that 
teenagers are less likely to play 
them because of counter-at¬ 
tractions like discotheques. 

“When team games are not 
part of the curriculum, as is 
now often the case, then there 
is a rump of talented children 
in cricket, rugby and football 
who will not be spotted.” 


^ Rugby Union will 
have to follow the 
example of the 
Football Associa¬ 
tion by increasing 
its efforts to counteract a 
decline which is masked by a 
rise in the‘number of school 
affiliations. Ron Tennick, sec¬ 
retary of the Rugby Football 
School Union, says: “A lot of 
boys learn rugby in die games 
lessons, and some may have 
boose matches." 

Tennick says that the game 
is too often taught as a variety 
of physical edneation rather 
than a competitive sport. In¬ 
ter-school fixtures have be- 


Additional reporting by Nicho¬ 
las Bccston 

come rarer. 

One result is that England 
schools teams increasingly 
come from the independent 
sector; public schools are re¬ 
covering the dominance they 
had at the start of the century. 
Although club teams have 
increasingly welcomed young 
players, it does hot mean they 

• Employ more qualified staff and 
coaches in schools 

• Stop selling school playing fields 

• Improve government departmental 
liaison to coordinate a national policy for 
PE, in and out of school 

• Improve links between schools and 
local clubs 



Shrine’s new habitat 


-Christian Aid and Oxfam have worked 
: " for many years to relieve poverty, 
^distress and suffering in South Africa, 
^-wtth partners who include church, trade 
bunion and community leaders. In our 
Z .^experience apartheid is a major cause 
Z :3>f poverty. 

r The Commonwealth Eminent 
^ ‘Persons Group confirms this view: 

- -“'There is abysmal poverty elsewhere 
”7 -~m the worid, but nowhere Is it 
: l Institutionalized as in South Africa and 
::^ith as Tittle prospect for its victims to 
-escape the poverty trap.” 

% Report. June 1986) 

% ^ It is this poverty, institutionalized by 
~ ’.South Africa's apartheid system, that . 
Z j&nderlies a mortality rate five times 
~ ^greater among black children than 
- among white. In a land rich in natural 
-resources, some 10% of children bom 

in black areas die of malnutrition. 

Although black people comprise 
about 85 % of the population, they are 
denied basic rights, and thus have no 
means for achieving a just share of 
educational resources or medical 
services. 3.2 million black people have 
been forcibly removed since I960, 
under the apartheid system, to the 
barren soil and over-crowded 
settlements of so-called "home-lands." 

Our South African partners, a 
number of whom have been detained 
under the current state of emergency, 
ask us to tell our supporters in the UK 
and Ireland that whatever hardship 
sanctions bring in the short term, they 
want the whole of the international 
community to put effective pressure 
on the South African Authorities to end 

phen Bayley's design shrine, is 
taking a brief rest wearing 
Levi 501 jeans, a pair of eight- 
eyelet Doc Marten boots and a 
Fred Perry cotton pique tennis 

The final exhibition at the 
present site in the bowels of 
the Victoria and Albert Muse¬ 
um is called 14:24 British 
Youth Culture. It runs from 
July 23 until August 31. after 
which it will reappear, 18 
months later, at its new per¬ 
manent home in Butlers 
Wharf, near Tower Bridge. 

During its five years at the 
V & A. the Boilerhouse has 
attracted 1,000 visitors a day 
to exhibitions on subjects as 
diverse as Coca-Cola and the 
Ford Sierra. 

Funded by Sir Terence 
Conran's foundation, it has 
always been inextricably asso¬ 
ciated with the bouncing Mr 
Bayley, who lives behind grey 
Venetian blinds next to the 
exhibition area. Last seen on a 
fruit and water last, Bayley 
was determined to go out on 
an up-beat 

Conran when he was planning 
a permanent display of design. 

The 3,500 square feet of the 
Boilerhouse could, however, 
never be used for anything 
more than a series of tempo¬ 
rary exhibitions. Butlers 
Wharf has 42,000 square feet, 
enough for Bayley to realize 
his original concept along 
with a library and educational 

Mods get on their 
bikes and a tribute 
to design heads for 
different premises 

Facts and figures behind apartheid and poverty: 



Population of South Africa (%) 
Distribution of land (%) 

Average monthly earnings (Rand) 
Education: exp. per child/year (Rand) 
Health: population per doctor 

85 15 

13 87 

320 1,350 

238 1,654 

40,000 400 

Sources of figures in the information pack* 

Ptease send me the information pack* 

T:T. on South Africa. 

-T 01 enclose my donation of 

£25Q, £10Q £_for relief 

.nX- Of poverty and suffering in South Africa 





L^PO Box 1, London SW9 8BH 

or OXFAM, Room TM73. 

274 Banbury Road, Oxford, 0X2 7DZ. 

HE HAS come up with a 
survey of British youth culture 
in all its startling fecundity, 
the very culture, in fact that 
produced the fascination with 
mass-produced commercial 
style which lay behind the 
inspiration of the Boilerhouse. 
Bayley shares with teenagers 
the determination to take art 
where he happens to find it. 

The exhibition's thesis is 
that “meaning, no longer con¬ 
fined to art and literature, was 
transferred to patterns of 
consumption”. In other 
words, the great inarticulate 
masses learnt, in post-war 
Britain, to express themselves 
through records, magazines, 
clothes and transport. From 

Shin Bet 

The author of yesterday's 
article on Shin Bet was Ian 

the bedroom Dansette to the 
Sony Walkman, capitalism 
and subversion suddenly saw 
eye to eye. 

"The power of money", the 
exhibition catalogue says, 
"does not distinguish between 
normality and delinquency, 
and the media were quick to 
exploit the possibilities for 
youthful depravity aroused by 
the suspicion and unease of an 
older generation.” 

For Bayley, it is a logical 
continuation of the mildly 
provocative tone of his previ¬ 
ous 23 exhibitions. “Nobody 
sets out with an intention 
merely to provoke", he says, 
"but I do think one of the 
British diseases is complacen¬ 
cy on a massive scale, and I 
did think we should do some¬ 
thing to violate that 

Now aged 34, Bayley vras 
previously an academic, 
teaching art history at the 
University of Kent, He met 

THERE he will attempt to 
encompass all that he believes 
is meant by the word design: 
"It's a huge field covering a 
mass of different activities. I 
think anybody who has visited 
all 23 of our exhibitions will 
have got some feel of the scope 
— but clearly Butlers Wharf 
will provide something of the 
same effect in one visit.” 

It is all, of course, distinctly 
un-British, this elision of the 
values of commerce and cul¬ 
ture - of trade and the gentry. 
Bayley defends the stand, 
saying: "We want to look at 
the design as artefacts, not as 
objects on a plinth, beautifully 
spotlit... I think in some 
respects the British are quite 
good at it. Industry and manu¬ 
facturing are not just essential 
for economic success, they are 
needed for the success ot the 

culture and the spiritual life. 
“We have had to live with 

the fact that, for most of this 
century, Britain's ability in 
these areas - making things - 
has been on the decline. So 
part of our function is to 
educate people in thequalHies 
of the material worid and to 
make them articulate, so that 
they will say what they want 
It is slightly Utopian, you 
might say." 

Bryan Appleyard 

14:24 British Youth Culture 
runs at the Boilerhouse from 
July 23 to August 3J from 
Warn to 5.30pm weekdays and 
Saturdays, and from 2.30pm 
to 5.30pm Sundays. 

© Timac Nmnpapot* limited, 1986 

mixed 650-pupH grammar 
school with a strong tradition in 
football, turns 

comprehensive. Alt 325 boys . 
play compulsory football. 

Six teams 

1975: School tries to 
diversify sports despite lack of 

1978: Sports centre opens . 
in Leeds giving children a 
choice of swimming, 
squash and other indoor 
sports, football figures fan 

1980: Cockbum builds a 
gym, tempo lining, badminton 
etc offered. Only 150 boys 
now playing football regularly, 
school fields only three 

1985: Asbestos discovered 
at school, which is forced to 
move to a vacated building 
on the other side of town, 
sports severely curtailed by : 
that and the teachers' dispute. 
Figure still at 150. 

1986: School set to move 
into new site in September, 
football figures expected to 
drop further. 

Green, aow 
strong mixed grammar - 

school, turns comprehensive. 

AU 170 boys play cricket 
.School fields five teams for 
'irrte-school matches. 

*1978-79: The school, now. 
with a student populattonof- 
850. only has 100 boys 
■playing cricket Two focal ILEA 
ifacilities used by the school; - 
are closed down, school - * lr 
'begins phasing out cricket;.. 

introduces rounders, - ; - 

basketball and badminton. ' 

1983: Despite pressure . 
from ILEA to phase out . 
competitive sports, student :; : 
pressure to keep trie gamer, 
plus voluntary work by : 
teachers results In. out of •• " 

school play. But teams only s 

ffl andfuloff^^endfles,no■ 
es or kit Only 60 . 

students left • 

1985: Teachers dispute 
affects even voluntary 

coaching. •• . ... 

1986: Cricket stops; 
altogether. School still has 
indoor nets; now used by *- 

teachers and locals, hot- 


get as much coaching as they 
would receive at schooL Elwyn 
Price, a teacher at St 
Brendan’s School, Bristol, 
points out: "I coach Bristol 
Youth, and we have had at 
least two boys who have won 
school caps for England with¬ 
out playing rugby at schooL 
But at school I can teach boys 
five days a week; at the dub I 
only see them two nights a 

the elite. The people I care 
about are those boys who enjoy 
the game and want to play it." 

HEN Robert Lynch, sec- 
m/\fj I retary of Liverpool 
Br“HJ Schools Football 
Association, says 
Hwfl of a city whose 
league teams dominate the 
English professional game: "I 
am really very sad about the 
situation here. Football is 
declining in schools and good 
players are attracted'to dnbs. 
There is no honour attached to 
the school game any more. 

' "The jpme is thriving for 
Saturday and Sunday dubs, 
and the schools cannot com¬ 
pete. Years ago school staff 
were willing to devote their 
spare time to the game and 
children were proud to play for 
their schooL but not any 

Alan Wright, -master in 
charge of football at Holloway 
SchooL London, whose former 
pupils include Charlie George 
— who went to Arsenal — and 
Trevor Hartley and Mike 
Dillon of Spurs, circularized 
200 other schools in London 
earlier this year for fixtures; 
only 25 replied. "I do not want 
to see football played by only 

The Football Association's 
own investigations concluded 
that there was a reduction of 
71 per cent in the playing of 
team games among boys from 
9 to 16 between 1948 and 
1982, but this has been partly 
counter-balanced by the 30 per 
cent increase in the numterof 
dub teams in the 12-16 age 
group. In 1948 secondary 
schoolboys were playing about. 
50 hours of football a year u 
school hours. By .1982 it was 
just over 15 hours. 

sire to run than rugby or 
footbalL and the need to have 
properly prepared pitches to 
teach correct technique' cuts 
into the budgets of schools and 
education authorities. 

The FA is lapnrhmg a 
massive drive to increase op¬ 
portunities for extra-cnrricn- 
lar instruction. Already three 
development officers have 
been appointed, and in the 
autumn they are planning 
further nominations using let- 
sure centres as a basis fin 1 
coaching courses. " 


E Tfae situation has 
become particular¬ 
ly acute in cricket, 
with a series of 
letters published in 
The Ttmhy expressing masters’ 
concern. Important exams dis¬ 
tract attention from a sport 
that is extremely time-con¬ 
suming — and that is likely to 
increase. Proposals to bring 
forward the summer term will 
reduce still further opportuni¬ 
ties for cricket because of the 
vagaries of the English spring 

Cricket is also more expen- 

Yet cricket has fought.back 
with enterprise. Keith;. An¬ 
drew, die former Northanfs 
and England player .who is 
now the director of coaching at 
the National Cricket Assoa&v 
turn, has told the CCPR there 
are twice as many boys playing 
the game now as 30 years ago, 
although be has no statisticato 
support the claim. 

What is indisputable is that 
- the growth of junior cricket 
and the appointment of six 
professional national coaches 
— there were none in 1956 — 
and 100 staff coaches ensure 
that those who want, to learn 
proper technique can often do 
so in supervised conrses. Inter- 
school audJnter-county junior 
competitions,; organized by 
groups-like the Lord Tavern¬ 
ers, are flourishing; - 

The result, os Cyril Cooper, 
secretary of the English 
Schools Cricket Association, 
reports, is that there are more 
than 750 inter-connty matches 
for boys between tbeages of II 
and 19. Although he accepts 
that many comprehensive 
schools are not playing match¬ 
es, it does not seem to have had 
any effect on representative 
Xls: in last year's Engfimd • 
Schools under-19 team, only 
five of the 12 were from public 
schools, and among the nnder- 
15s only three came from the 
private sector. "There has 
been no change over the last 10 . 
years," Cooper asserts. •• 



1 Dared (6) 

5 Not proximal (6) 

8 Line (3) 

9 Glass game ball (6) 

10 Crop land (6) 

11 Nelson’s lover (4) 

12 Franchise (8) 

14 Trial impressions (6) 

17 Constricting snake 


19 Delights f8l - 
22 Stratagem (4) 

24 Astrology sign (6) 

25 Bird house (6) 

2d Small barrel (3) 

27 Blocked drain wires 

28 Excused (6) 


2 Take up weapons 

again (5) 7 Musically quit 

; 3 Note fluctuation {7) 13 Whimsical (3) 

4 Puts on doihes (7) 15 Resume (7) 

5 Overshadow (5) Id Italian Monk ( 

6 Steps series (5) .17 Ship journey {' 


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7 Musicatlyquick(7) 18 Raiedish (7) 

13 Whimsical (3) 20 Raise abruptly (5) 

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Id Italian Monk (3) (5) 

17 Ship journey (7) 23 Throw away (5) . 


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at hand 

£ 12,000 


In five days the 
biggest back-up team in 
modem romance goes 

. into action, from the 

soldier withhls 
horses hoe$to the 42 
floral decorators. The 
. Times meets the cast : 

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Next Wednesday's royal wedding symbolizes 
the triumph of religious ceremony in an ever 
more secular country. Why have marriages 
in church retained their allure for so many 
_ couples while regular worship has fallen? 
Lee Rod well investigates a rite of passage tha t 
has implications far beyond the actual vows 

In a few days lime a certain 
oacbeior and a certain spinster will 
make tne/r wedding vows in West¬ 
minster Abbey. The event may 
differ in scale and splendour, but in 
other respects this royal wedding 
will have much in common with all 
the other white weddings taking 
place this year. 

Church congregations may have 
dwindled, divorce figures may 
have soared, marriage rates may 
have fallen but of those free to do 
so more than two-thirds siill 
choose to mam/ in Church. Last 
year about 170,000 couples had a 
.. religious ceremony yet relatively 
few were under any pressure to do 
so for reasons of state or 

The modem white wedding with 
all the trimmings combines ancient 
ritual with contemporary celebra¬ 
tion and no matter how much 
society seems to change - indeed, 
perhaps, because society does 
change — continues to be both 
popular and desirable. 

. According to Penny Mansfield, 
•.senior research officer of the 
Marriage Research Council, who 
has carried out a study of early 
marriage, there are good reasons 
for this. She says: “Getting married 
is really the major way in our 
society of showing you have en¬ 
tered adulthood It is a rite of 
passage. So you need a ritual which 
is commensurate with that kind of 
transition. A register officer is often 
seen as unable to accord people the 
necessary status, it offers no recog¬ 
nition of the special nature of the 
event On the other hand the 
church has the monopoly of that 
kind of ritual anddoes it so well” 

It is .possibfrto. get married 
cheaply at a-register office so the 
fact that people are prepared to 
spend thousands on • a dress, 
bridesmaid's outfit flowers, a wed¬ 
ding car, champagne, a three-tiered 
cake, the reception and so on, is 
indicative that even today the 
rituals continue to be important 

Penny Mansfield says: “If you 
look at any of the wedding maga¬ 
zines or guides, you get a dear idea 
of the goals involved - a proper 
wedding with all the trimmings 
followed by a honeymoon, then 
returning to a fully-fomished, new¬ 
ly decorated home of your own. 

“For many people all three goals 
arc hard to achieve. Yet brides will 
still opt for a wedding that costs a 
small fortune even ifthey end up 
back in the bedroom that they had 

as a child, but this lime with a 
husband in tow. 

“The whole business of giving 
the bride away is a symbolic 
expression of the breaking of 
loyalties that marriage causes. 
Parts of the ceremony which might 
seem extraordinary or anachronis¬ 
tic actually help to make it dear 
thai you are breaking off your links 
with your parents and starting a 
new family. One woman I inter¬ 
viewed put this into words when 
she said: 'I walked into the Church 
as one person and came out 

“The honeymoon takes all this a 
stage further and it is interesting to 
note that even newlyweds who 
cannot afford two weeks some¬ 
where exotic may still go away for 
the night so that they can re-emerge 
as a new couple." 

Sometimes, of course, the pros¬ 
pect of making the break causes 
last-minute panic. Every bride 
must have fleeting thoughts of 
being left at the altar and for some 
the nightmare comes true. Some¬ 
times a parent who cannot bear the 
thought of losing a child will bring 
pressure to bear. Jonathan Gill who 
produced a television documentary 
about jilted brides heard from one 
girl who was traded for a new 
Jaguar. Her fiance's mother had 
promised him a car if he cancelled 
the wedding. 

In most cases, however, every¬ 
one involved in a wedding goes to 
great lengths to make sure nothing 
spoils the big day, even to the 
extent in one case of keeping the 
news from the bride that her 
mother had collapsed from a heart 
attack during the reception. Her 
father decided that she should go 
on the honeymoon and face up to 
the news when she got back. 

Planning the wedding and recep¬ 
tion usually takes at least six 
months and even then things can — 
and do — go wrong. Penny Mans¬ 
field says: “1 think people subcon¬ 
sciously believe that if you have a 
good wedding it augurs well for a 
good marriage. So little details, 
which might seem trivial to outsid¬ 
ers, can become very important. 

“One girl was very upset when 
the white Rolls-Royce she had 
booked failed to turn up and she 
had to go to the church in her 
father's Cortina. Another girl was 
horrified when she and the groom 
cut the wedding cake only to find it 
was rotten, although she took great 
delight in taking it back and 

Tt is important that it is an occasion to look back on’ 



. ^ 





‘You are taking a vow and I want that to mean something’ 

throwing it at the manageress of the 
cake shop." 

Traditionally the burden for 
most of the organization falls on 
the bride's mother and this is a task 
most seem happy to undertake - 
although (his is also where mother 
and daughter may disagree over 
whether or not to invite $reat aunt 
Susan, who should be bridesmaids 
and whether there should be a sit- 
down reception for 50 or a party for 
150. Nor is it unknown for wedding 
arrangements to trigger off family 
feuds which can last for 

But as Penny Mansfield points 
out, weddings are not just about 
Jane and Jim getting married. A 
wedding is also a day in the life of a 
family - often the only time when 
a whole family will come together. 

Wc live in a society that appears 
to say that anything goes, but that 


isn't in fact true,. We say bonds of 
affection are more important than 
structural bonds, but that isn’t 
really true either. A wedding is one 
opportunity fora family to display 
what it is made of. 

It's the one time when you say 
who matters and who doesn't to 
you. so the event can be enormous¬ 
ly productive in terms of family 
dynamics. When you decide who is 
going to sit where, who will stand 
next to whom in the wedding 
photographs and so on you are 
really making statements about 
what people mean to you and 
where you pul them in your life. 

“It is interesting that if a couple 
are paying for a wedding them¬ 
selves they tend to have more say 
in these matters*', says Penny 
Mansfield. “They also tend to be 
older, more established. They may 
even have been living together." 

- She also finds it-interesting that 
the modern wedding has been able 
to adapt to accommodate changes 
within the family -and society. 
“Take bridesmaids for instance. As 
families have become smaller it’s 
not easy to find suitable brides¬ 
maids within the family. But it is 
one way of bringing in your friends. 
The same may go for the best man. 
These days he is just as likely to be 
a friend of the groom as his brother. 
There is also a trend to have a fairly 
formal reception for your family, 
followed by a more informal party 
for your friends. 

"On the other hand, the whole 
business of reconstituted families 
has caused a lot of problems and 
it's one of the reasons why having a 
top table became such a headache 
and has gone out of fashion to 
some extent. 

“Then there’s the question of 


; Electrician Michael Corcoran, 
i 24, and Lea Whicehorn, 22, 
; who live in Crowborongh, 
Sussex, are getting married in 
! church on August 9. They 
have been engaged lor two 
years, but Lisa doesn’t know 
where they are spending their 
honeymoon because Michael 
is planning a surprise. 

lisa, a public relations 
trainee executive, says: “My 
sister got married last year 
and 1 wanted something totally 
different So we are holding 

the reception at an old vine¬ 
yard and rm having a differ- 
1 ent kind of dress so that no one 
will think I'm trying to out-do 
.1 her. 

jf; “We’re having about 90 
\ people to the reception and 
£ about 140 to a party in the 
£. evening.We wanted to share 
§j: such a special day. Daddy did 
T* make a joke about why didn't I 
r take the money and ran, but 
I I've always wanted a white 
f wedding. 

“I don't tftfak there will be 
another day in my Life that I've 

E tanned for or waited for so 
mg. It's the official joining of 
Michael and myself so it is 
important that it is an occasion 
to look back on and tell our 
children about” 


S Estate agents Bettina English, 
J| 24, and Nicholas Coote, 28, 
got engaged in March and are 
jjjjg having a formal church wed- 
■ ding in September followed by 
a reception hi a marquee In the 
garden of Bettina's parents' 
home in Putney Heath, sotrth- 
■ west London. 

3R? The couple have been Court¬ 
is' ing for four years and will be 
T&j buying a house in nearby 
■■Jj Wandsworth after a honey- 
moon in St Lucia. 

Bettina says: “It’s some¬ 
thing I’ve always dreamed of. 1 
haven’t had a lot of time so my 
stepmother has done the ba¬ 
sks. We started planning as 
soon as we got engaged. It 
takes at least six months. You 
hear of huge family argu¬ 
ments; we haven't had any. 

“I’m not deeply religious but 
I do believe in God and I 
always wanted to get married 
in Church to have that bless¬ 
ing. Of course the glamour is 
wonderful but you are also 
taking a vow and I want that to 
mean something. 

“You do worry a bit about 
the photographer not turning 
up or your wedding dress 
9 getting caught as you go up the 
J aisle. I want everything to go 

who should give the girl away - her 
father or her stepfather, that kind 
of thing. The Charies-Diana wed¬ 
ding. was. the first .really public 
wedding with these problems and it 
became dear that there was an 
etiquette to be followed: your 
biological parents took precedence. 
That cleared the way for a lot of 

So is it all worth it in the end? 
According to Penny Mansfield 
nearly all the people she inter¬ 
viewed — including the grooms — 
said they really enjoyed their 
wedding day. “One girl told me she 
had always said she would get 
married in white at such and such 
parish church before she was 21 — 
and she had done it. It was as if she 
fell she had really achieved some¬ 
thing and life would now be an easy 
ride, downhill all the way.” 

(glfimes Nounpapem Ltd, 1388 

A prize 
case for 



Susan Pinkus:_L 

^ The letter assured. Jpe 
that I had definitely 
Bflk won one of the follow- 
ing prizes: four hun¬ 
dred pounds cash, a 
video recorder, a hand-blend¬ 
er, a carriage dock, or a food 
processor. The code at the top 
of my'lerterhelcT the answer. 
There was just one proviso: I 
had to attend one of several 
presentations riven by a 
time-share holiday company. 

! decided to go along, not 
just because of the gifr-but 
because I am attracted by the 
idea of owning a holiday 

On arrival 1 had to com¬ 
plete a registration form ask¬ 
ing various personal details. 
There were at least 12 other 
couples or singles, and,to 
each was designated an indi¬ 
vidual representative. Again 
there was more form-filling, 
this time on my holiday 

The time-share properties, 
situated on the Algarve, com¬ 
prised studios and apart¬ 
ments and were on offer'.for 
as many weeks annually as 
you cared to choose for a 
period of 25 years. At the end 
of this period, the company 
would sell the home and each 
purchaser would receive 75 
percent of the selling price. In 
theory, we were told, .an 
initial investment of £15,000 
could grow tenfold. Purchase 
of one of these apartment 
deals would also entitle 
membership of an interna¬ 
tional organization, fixing up 
time-share “swaps” all jyver 
the world. " 

The prospect was enticing. 
But a £15,000 investment is 
something most of us would 
want to take legal and finan¬ 
cial advice about. J asked for 
some literature to take away. 
There was none. No plans-'of 
the apartments, no brochjjres 
outlining terms and condi¬ 
tions. The excuse: they aim to 
cut overheads. By not print¬ 
ing leaflets, it seems, they are 
able to offer a special 26 per 
.cent, discount if you sign-up 
there and then. But 1 insisted 
thai I would need to viewauy 
.property before purchak. 
:That wouldn’t be necessary. I 
was told.. The audio-viSiial 
presentation.had- shown all 
there was io sec. . Z!l 

1 was the fitst to leave.but I 
didn't leave empty-handed. 
My code entitled me to. a 
carriage dock. 

This week's post has 
brought a similar letter from 
another time-share company, 
this time advising me that I 
have definitely won either 
£400 cash, a video recorder, 
or a free week's holiday 
accommodation for two; - If 
you receive a similar 
letter, why not go along Jj| 
and claim your prize? 

Happy holidays! Cove- " M 
at entpiori 

Grim lesson delivered by a gnome 

A woman died 
from tetanus 
last week after 
impaling her¬ 
self on a fishing 
rad held by a 
garden gnome. 
This tragedy 
should not obscure two impor¬ 
tant medical facts: everybody 
should be immunised regular- 
h against the disease (with 
.boosters being given at least 
every Jive years) and any 
~penetrating wound, ptuiicular- 
Iv if suffered in the garden or in 
traffic accidents, should be 
treated immediately. 

It is better to have to wait 
around a casualty department 
for a while than to be in 
intensive care a week later. 

Tetanus, fortunately, is an 
- uncommon disease but it kills 
a handful of people every year. 

It is insidious and is caused by 
the bacterium Clostridium 
tetani which lurks in the core 
of the wound. The bacteria 
produce a toxic substance 
which has an effect similar to 
that of strychnine, seeping into 
the nervous system and mov¬ 
ing around the body, causing 

There are no obvious signs — 
like soreness or high tempera¬ 
ture. — in anyone harbouring 
the bacteriaThe first indica¬ 
tion of illness is that the jaw 
muscles go into spasm between 
four and 25 days after infec¬ 
tion, giving the disease its 
colloquial name of lockjaw. 
Other muscle groups follow 
suit and the patient needs 
immediate, intensive care to 

Middle-aged women can be 
particularly vulnerable if they 


* 0M iSSS‘iMS®S™a 


are keen gardeners and it is 
possible they believe that be¬ 
cause they were not immu¬ 
nized in ‘childhood they are 
ineligible as adults. This is not 
so. although it is preferable for 
immunization io be started in 

Patchy warning 

Apart from the 
long-term dan- 
^0 gets of skin 
J mm cancer through 
too much sun, 
excessive ex~ 
M m v posnre to san- 
ligiss 'in hot 
climates can lend also to the 
development of parches of 
rough, warty skin which are 
red or skin-coloured and 
known as keratoses. 

An Australian study pub¬ 
lished in the British Medical 
Journal confirms that the 
condition tends to appear on 
the right arms and hands of 
people in Australia and Brit¬ 
ain and on the other side of the 
body'in Americans. The un¬ 
even distribution on (he arms 
tends to affect men while 
Australian women have more 
keratoses on their heads and 
necks and on the left side of 
their bodies. 

The explanation appears to. 
be quite straightforward. In 
Australia, as in Britain, driv¬ 
ing is on the left and in the 

46 King Sttett, Knuts fqrcj 


91 VTanpok Sm»> J J Loo£ton Road, Tunbridge Wdls 

17 Wigmore Strew* W1 NHolywdlHai.St. Albras 

„ rim m 161 FOR BROCHURE ^ 

Until recently, men tended to 
be drivers while women were 
front seat passengers and 
sitting lower than the 
driverJSo that on hot sunny 
days frith the windows down 
the sun Struck obvious areas of 
exposure. . . 

Men, resting their right 
arms on the sill of the open 
window, would be more ex¬ 
posed to sun ob that side; their 

necks and beads would be 
under shade of the roof. 
Women more comfortably 
kept their arms by their sides, 
leaving their heads and necks 
exposed to the son. 

The authors point out that 
although these skin eruptions 
are not cancerous they indicate 
a vulnerability to the condition 
and that the skin has been 
damaged. That should be suf¬ 
ficient warning for people to 
protect themselves. 

AID ethics 

An interesting 
approach to 
medical ethics 
within the 
framework of 
(Jewish law) 
appears in the 
Bulletin of the Institute of 
Medical Ethics which reports 
an explanation about artificial 
insemination by donor (AID) 
advanced by Rabbi David 
Bleich, professor of J ewish law 
and ethics at the Yeshiva 
University, New York. 

He told a gathering in 
Switzerland recently that un¬ 
der Jewish law no distinction 
is made between artificial and 
natural insemination. Howev¬ 
er. masturbation is forbidden, 
making AID prohibited if it 
entails a Jewish donor. 

Part of the reason for that 
prohibition is that since se¬ 
men is donated to a number of 
women for AID there is 
always the risk that the chil¬ 
dren could commit uninten¬ 
tional incest later in life. 

There is'a way around the 
problem. A child’s Jewishness 
is not determined by its 
genetic origin but by who 
bears the child. Under Jewish 
law if the pregnant woman is 
Jewish her baby will be Jewish 
even if the embryo was donat¬ 
ed by a non-Jewish couple. 

This interpretation was 
used to explain why Jewish 
couples may use AID, as long 
as the donor is non-Jewish. 

Healing dots 

Sonic people 
who spend 
hours every day 
staring at a 
1'DU screen 
complain of 
ci’c strain ana 
headaches. A 
British company, Scicntifica- 
Cook. of wesr London, fms 
developed equipment which 
teaches users to relax certain 
eye muscles and overcome the 
headaches by taking the eyes 
off for a “jog”. 

The machine — a cross 
between a portable television 
and a slide viewer — produces 
patterns of black ana red dots 
which move up and down the 
screen at different rates. People 
with good eyesight and relaxed 
eye muscles can keep the dots 
stationary with little effort. 

Those with strained eyes can 
learn to keep the dots still and 
relax their eye muscles. 

The Bio-Laser Spec equip¬ 
ment has been tested success¬ 
fully at the Uppsala University 
of Uppsala in Sweden and 
other further research is cur¬ 
rently under way at Aston 
University, Birmingham. 

Tearful chemistry 

There may appear to be little 
difference between tears 
caused by unhappiness or 
onioas—bat there is a marked 
chemical difference. 

Scientists reporting at the 
First World Congress on 
Tears (held, believe it or not, 
In Dallas, Texas) have discov¬ 
ered that tears shed through 
emotion contain not only water 
and Bitty substances bat an 
enkephalin, a naturally occur¬ 
ring, morphine-like substance 
which is known to play an 
important part in controlling 
emotions and pain. 

Olivia Timbs and 
Lorraine Fraser 


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Frances. Morrell leader of the 
Inner London Education Author¬ 
ity: and rising star of Labour’s 
modish left nas been dealt an 
embarrassing blow bythc London 
Labour Party executive. Meeting 
this week, the executive — further 
to the left than Miss Morrell, who 
these days fancies herself as a 
hard-nosed administrator — pass¬ 
ed a motion of no confidence 
against her. The vote was in 
protest at a decision taken in 
principle. by. "the I LEA's ruling 
Labour group to-deduct pay-from 
teachers who refuse to cover for 
absent colleagues; The National 
Union of Teachers has con¬ 
demned the proposal, .taken on 
legal advice, as “unnecessarily 
provocative and confrontational”. 
I understand that the executive 
wasifurious that Miss Morrell had 
not sought its opinion. Alas, 
neither Miss Morrell's press offi¬ 
cer -nor the executive's chairman. 
Glenys Thornton, will talk to me 
about the row, and Miss Morrell 
herself is on holiday. 

Duty bound 

The music industry's campaign 
against foreign tape piracy is 
meeting mixed fortunes, peter 
Crockt'ord. the ami-piracy co¬ 
ordinator of the. International 
Federation of Phonogram and 
Videogram Producers, has just 
returned from Nigeria and tells me 
of. a court victory granting him. 
possession of a container full of 
imported tapes seized at the docks 
last year. He says the intention is 
to publicly bum the 158.000 tapes, 
illicit Singaporean recordings of 
Bob Mariey, Abba, Madonna and 
others. There’s one problem: Ni¬ 
gerian customs will not let the haul 
out of the warehouse until the 
IIJPI pays 10 per cent import 
duty — £60.000 or so. 

• One of the Nigerian athletes 
wftp won't be competing in Edin¬ 
burgh is named Basse? Iran bar. 
HeJs a weight-lifter. 

Off the mark 

After the shooting of five-year-old 
John Shorthouse. the West Mid¬ 
lands chief constable. Geoffrey 
Dear, may have a hard lime 
persuading his police committee 
to set up an elite squad of 14 foll- 
tiftte armed officers to deal with 
suspected gunmen. Last year the 
Metropolitan Police provided offi¬ 
cers with guns on 1.642 occasions. 
West Midlands. England's third 
biggest force, armed its officers 
omy 25 times. 

< Must a tenner till the weekend, 
old boy — a chap in 
I Moscow is sending me a cheque' 

Dodge of war 

Gould a secret trip to Pretoria by 
CTA boss William Casey in March 
shed light on US attitudes to 
South African sanctions? I under¬ 
stand that the visit related not 
only to intelligence co-operation 
between the two countries but also 
tpthe logistics of American deliv¬ 
eries of shoulder-launched Stinger 
tjlissile systems, to anti-Marxist 
Uftita forces in Angola. Knowing 
tjiat weapons .-consignments. cap 
reach Angola .only through South 
Africa or Zaire, the Commons 
Foreign Affairs Committee 
pressed senior US diplomat Rob¬ 
ert Frazure on the routing ques¬ 
tion during his appearance before 
P earlier this month. Zaire has 
reeemly made it clear it is refusing 
iO’tollaborate. If. therefore. South 
African support is vital to 
America's covert aid package, the 
realpahtik behind Reagan's softly- 
softly approach to Botha becomes 

After the BR veto on the Union 
Of South - Africa loco hauling a 
steam special from Edinburgh, 
bow long can the Dower stall in 
Rye Lane, Peckham, continue to 
advertise kaffir lilies? - 

Giving birth 

You've got admire Yorkshire TV 
researcher Mark Seagar, pilloried 
by-me a few months ago after 
falling for a women's magazine's 
April Fool stunt about pregnant 
men in Minnesota. After trying to 
organize interviews with the non¬ 
existent gestating gentlemen, 
Seagar swore revenge and has now 
come up with a whole Where 
There's Life to be shown this 
month — on male conception. 

Wide Rangers 

Thanks to vou l have a full net 
ftrim my trawr for sub-species of 
Sfoane Ranger. Here are the prize 
catches: Portugese ex-colonials - 
Goan Rangers: push-overs — 
Prone Rangers: up-market - 
Throne Rangers: those who op¬ 
pose sanctions — Condone Rang¬ 
ers: the Irish branch - Blarney 
Stone Rangers: and, almost full 
circle on York and Barr’s starting 
point, bankers — Loan Rangers. - 


The full money supply data for 
June were published yesterday. As 
the accompanying table shows, 
most measures of the money 
supply are growing at least as fast 
as they were in the early 1970s, 
when they provided an all too 
reliable warning of the terrible 
acceleration in inflation which 
was about to occur. Some 
monetarists are now worried that 
the same thing isJtappeping again. 
They say that monetary policy has 
become far .too loose and we are 
heading once more.towaids high 
inflation. In', my judgement they. 
are wrong, and I" say this, as one 
who was highly vocal about the 
dangers of permissive monetary 
policy in theeariy 1970s. 

In order to make a judgement of 
this issue it is, regrettably, nec¬ 
essary to delve into some of the 
dismal detail of monetarism. A 
central question is which measure 
of the money supply is most 
reliable at any one time. An 
important lesson of the last 10 
years is that the reliability of the 
different measures changes from: 
lime to time. Eighteen per cent 
growth in sterling M3 in the lain 
year turns out to be much-less- 
worrying than 16 per cent grow*' 
in i972. 

More generally, every definition ■ 
of money and credit should be 
monitored. If anything is behav¬ 
ing in a peculiar way, the reason 
should be ascertained. The pattern 
of interest rates, for example, may. 
have altered and this will lead to 
new transactions. Attention 
should also be paid to other 
monetary indicators, particularly 
the exchange rate, the equity 
market and house prices. It is only 
after frill investigation that one 
can come to a satisfactory judge¬ 
ment about underlying monetary 

In the earfy 1970s the easiest 
way to illustrate the inflationary 
pressures which were building up 
was to draw attention to the 
behaviour of M3 (a broad defi¬ 
nition of money which includes 
deposit as well as current accounts 


It is with an unmistakable sense of 
deja yu that a returning visitor 
enters Harare’s rabbit warren of a 
High Court to hear argument over 
cases of detention without trial. 
The faces of the applicant lawyers 
are mostly the same, if a little 
older and looking more pros¬ 
perous than they were before 
independence six years ago. In the 
allegations of deprivation of lib¬ 
erty. torture and abuse of powers, 
history is equally repetitous. 

A straightforward comparison', 
of human rights abuses shows 
that, in terms of numbers killed, 
detained, tortured, deponed, as¬ 
saulted and deprived of liberty 
and property, the Zimbabwean 
security agencies under Roben 
Mugabe in his six years of rule lag 
far behind those of Ian smith 
during the 15 years of UD1. But in 
many respects, life has changed 
little since the Mugabe govern-, 
merit was elected In -April .1980.: 
promising freedom arid an end to " 
oppressor - . *• ■ - 

On Tuesday the state of emer¬ 
gency established by Smith was 
extended for another ."six months. 
In November it will be 2L years' 
old. Mugabe's legal draftsmen 
have made few modifications to ; 
the armoury of emergency laws 
forged during the Smith era. The 
laws of detention - without trial 
remain unaltered. Under the. 
Emergency Powers (Maintenance 
of Law and Order) Regulations, 
any person can be held indefi¬ 
nitely if the minister of home 
affairs “is of the. opinion” that he: 
or she poses a threat to law and or¬ 
der. -Two other sections, allow: 
police to hold a person for.30 days 
on suspicion not . only of past, 
offences but also the possibility of 
future crimes against the state. 

A board at the entrance to 
Chikurubi prison on the outskirts 
of Harare last week listed about 90 
prisoners held under indefinite 
detention orders. Bulawayo's 
Khami prison listed only 13. But 
lawyers and human rights agency 
officials say they can only guess at 
the number held in cells at police 
stations around the country under 
30-day orders, or even held il¬ 
legally without any warrant 

Under the Unlawful Organ-, 
izaiions Act the government still 
holds extensive properly seized, 
from Joshua Nkomo’s Zapu party.'. 
The same- Act was used to ban 
Zapu and Mugabe’s Zanu during 


Getting through the marching 
season was always going to be the 
Hillsborough agreement’s stiffest 
test At the best of times the 
beating drums and piping flutes— 
stirring memories of ancient vic¬ 
tories and past defeats in two 
mutually hostile tribes — revive 
the enmities lying just below the 
surface in Northern Ireland. When 
mixed with alcohol ihe result is 
■usually a highly combustible mix- 
iture^jf hatred and bigotrythat for 
most of pi e~ year remains smoth¬ 
ered by a" huge security presence. 

This year the eight-mdnth-old 
agreement has provided a potent 
new ingredient to the poL As if to 
demonstrate their determination 
to remain part of the United. 
Kingdom, loyalists in rural and 
working-class districts hung out 
more red, white and blue bunting 
than usual. Kerbstones the length 
of Belfast's Sandy Row have been 
painted in the three colours, as 
have the pedestrian crossings. 
Large murals showing armed men 
in combat uniform have been 
painted on the gable ends of rows 
of terraced houses in East Belfast, 
and the initials scrawled on the 
walls are those of outlawed terror¬ 
ist gangs such as the Ulster 
Volunteer Force and Protestant 
Action Force. 

The governments in Dublin and 
London recognize the importance 
of getting through the summer 
with the agreement intact, and 
avoiding a major conflagration at 
a time when sectarian tension is at 
a higher level than it has been 
since the earliest years of the 
troubles. So far, the “long hot 
summer” frequently predicted by 
extreme loyalists has failed to 

Why those 
inflation fears 

are baseless 

by Gordon Pepper 

with banks). This-particular defi¬ 
nition-, of money received even 
more publicity when the Labour 
government subsequently chose it 
as its principal monetary in¬ 

M3 continued to be the single 
most reliable measure throughout 
the 1970s. In the middle of1980, 
however, it broke down and lost 
value. The level of savings in the 
economy was increasing sharply. 
People were losing confidence 
because of the recession and 
deposit. accounts with banks.were 
a natural borne for additional 
savings. The rapid growth of M3 
at that time reflected a change in 
: savings behaviour and npt permisr 
sive monetary policy. It .was an 
indicator of contracting business 
activity, not of coming inflation. 

M3 has continued to be unreli¬ 
able so far in the 1980s. During the 
past two years, the rate of interest 
on bank deposits has been higher 
than that on most other invest¬ 
ments, and higher than the rate of 
inflation by a good margin. The 
result is that tank deposits have 
been an excellent home for genu¬ 
ine savings. Once again, the 
buoyancy of sterling M3 has not 
been- a sign, of- permissive mone¬ 
tary policy. "• 

As' the table shows, -sterling 
M3’s growth has been very rapid 
during the Iasi year. But it must be 
stressed that. this .buoyancy is 
completely different to that in 

1972/73. when Edward Heath was 
prime minister and bank deposits 
were an appalling home for sav¬ 
ings’. They were growing then 
because the government was bla¬ 
tantly priming money, i.e^ the 
budget deficit was being financed 
by borrowing from banks rather 
than in the gilt-edged market. 
Currently, the government is not 
printing money; the new policy of 
exactly funding the PSBR over a 
fiscal year as a whole provides an 
assurance that the government 
will hot print money in the future. 

Returning to 1980, when M3 
broke down, attention should 
have been -switched' to -Ml. a 
• narrow measure of money; Its 
growth had' slackened in the 
winter of 1979/80 and it was 
correctly indicating that policy 
was too tight. From the beginning 
of1984, however, certain financial 
innovations have caused MI also 
to break down. Its growth is now 
dominated by the spread of the 
new high interest cheque accounts; 
its composition has changed and it 
has become a misleading indicator 



Ml.' ’ 
Starting M3 
PSL2 ' 

Past 12 months 1972 


Jan Raath shows how little has changed 
since the 1965 declaration of UDI 



Smith built up an arsenal of oppressive laws; Mugabe keeps 
them — and his police are just as adept at torture 

Every week, magistrates courts 
in the ' Western , province of 
Malabelelarid send'vil lagers .to jail 
for “failing to report the presence 
of terrorists.” Among the latest to 
fall foul of this law was an 
unidentified woman from the 
Gwanda district, south of Bula¬ 
wayo, who was raped by anti- 
govemment guerillas in Nov¬ 
ember last year. Because she failed 
to notify the police, she was 
recently given a six-month prison 

The term “PI” is familiar to 
scores of foreign correspondents 
sent to cover events in UDI 
Rhodesia. It stands for “prohib¬ 
ited immigrant” and was the 
statutory vehicle for deporting 
troublesome journalists and 
church officials. Nothing changes. 
On June 11 a PI order was served 
oh Peter Welman. of the Asso¬ 
ciated Press news agency: He was 

given-two days to leave, but was 
not told. why. 

.Amnesty.International and the 
Catholic Commission for Justice 
and Peace continue to be the chief 
defenders of civil liberties. For 
years. during the Smith regime, 
they campaigned for the release of 
detainees. Now they are vilified by 
those they sought to help. Mugabe, 
who spent 10 years in detention, 
last year described Amnesty as 
“Amnesty Lies International.” 
Mugabe's home affairs minister, 
Enos Nkala — 12 years in deten¬ 
tion during UDI —last month 
ordered the arrest of Michael 
Auret national chairman of the 
Zimbabwe Justice and Peace 
Commission, and Nicholas 
Ndebcle. its acting director. They 
were released only after Mugabe 
personally intervened. 

It is not only the legal apparatus 
that lives on. In June a report by 

Richard Ford assesses the impact of the 
Orange marches on Hillsborough 

of underlying conditions (the 
same has occurred in the US). 

Since it became clear that MI 
was changing its nature I have 
found it useful to pay most 
attention to still other money 
measures, specifically Mo. non¬ 
interest bearing Ml and M2: 
These have suggested that the 
stance of policy has bees about-' 
right. In the last few months, 
however, their growth has accel¬ 
erated slightly, in my judgement 
monetary policy has been relaxed 
l a little but this seems appropriate 
given -the continuing -rise-in un¬ 
employment and the fell in infla- 

It is obvious that judging' the' 

tightness of monetary policy is not 

an exact science. The monetary 
economists who are most worried' 
about a return to high inflation are 
those who continue to focus 
attention on the broader defi¬ 
nitions of money. In my view, the 
current level of inflation is proof 
that it was right to switch from M3 
to other definitions of money. I . 
would, however, be the first to' 
agree that circumstances could 
change in a way which would 
arouse anxiety. if the growth of 
sterling M3 does not at the same 
time „ contract! For. instance, if 
short-term interest rates fall‘rel¬ 
ative to long terra rates, bank 
deposits will no longer be such an 
excellent home for savings. In this 
new circumstance the current 
level of bank deposits would be 
dangerously high. i 

I should conclude with another 
warning. Although monetary pol¬ 
icy has had the intended effect on 
inflation, it has not prevented the 
occasional run on sterling and 
temporary sharp increase in in¬ 
terest rates. Given that monetary 
policy has .recently become some¬ 
what easier, another such episode 
cannot be ruled out. especially if 
people become frightened ahead 
of the next general election. 

The author is chairman of 
Grefirwett - Montagu & Co arid 
founder of GreenweU’s Monetary 

the New York-based Lawyers 
Committee for Human Rights 
quoted a former Rhodesian 
policeman as saying that the 
beatings and electric shocks in¬ 
flicted on detainees during UDI 
still continued. Earlier this month 
Kembo Mohadi. the Zapu MP for' 
Beitbridge on the border with 
South Africa, was awarded dam¬ 
ages by the High Court which 
accepted that, while under arrest 
last year..he tad been subjected to. 
“postbag” torture. This entails 
filling a canvas tag with water, 
forcing the victim’s head into it, 
tying a draw string and then 
making the victim sit up. so that 
within two minutes he is partially 
drowned. Mohadi said that after 
losing conciousness he was re¬ 
vived by a policeman jumping on. 
his stomach. This method was 
chronicied by Amnesty during 
UDI and was again described in 
detail- in its: report. Torture in 
Zimbabwe. last November. 

Government leaders.have often 
tried to justify their own use of 
Smith's repressive laws and meth¬ 
ods. Dr- .Herbert Ushewokunze. 
when'mm islet of home affairs in. 
1983, said the state ;of emergency 
previously served the “racist set¬ 
tler regime.” Now, however, it was 
being used to protea “the hard- 
won independence of the masses 
of Zimbabwe.” 

In April this year. Simon 
Muzenda. the deputy prime min¬ 
ister, replied to the Lawyers 
Committee condemnation of “the 
near complete disappearance of 
human rights” in western Zim¬ 
babwe. A. “recalcitrant minority” 
of ami-government guerillas were 
usurping therights of the majority - 
of Zimbabweans, he said. “There 
comes a time when' a government 
has to assert its authority for the 
sake of the majority. It takes such 
attion in order to restore and 
uphold human rights. This is 
prerisciy what has taken place in 
western Zimbabwe.” 

Lawyers involved in human 
rights cases and church officials 
agree that 1986 has been one of the 
quietest years. Indeed, recent de¬ 
cisions by the country's strongly 
independent Supreme Court show 
a slight but progressive weakening 
in the emergency laws and the 
government’s ability to enforce 
them. Bui until the state of 
emergency js folly • cast off, the 
tensions, anxieties and the climate 
of fear will prevail, as they- did : 
throughout UDL 

Paisley’s new 

But nationalist faith in the 
agreement has been shaken by the 
decision to allow eight Orange 
lodges to parade through Roman 
Catholic areas of Portadown, 
County Armagh. The Orangemen 
warned . to field 32 lodges: 
nationalists wanted a total ban. 
The compromise is viewed gen¬ 
erally as a victory for the loyalists. 

For alt their divisions over 
tactics the move was played with 
considerable skill by Ian Paisley’s 
Democratic Unionist Party and 
James Molyneaux’s more mod¬ 
erate Ulster Unionists. The parties 
pulled off a considerable coup 
which probably surprised even 
themselves. A week of steadily 
mounting.tension culminated in 
the classic Paisley tactic of a 
midnight rally with thousands of 
men — some in paramilitary uni¬ 
forms and armed with cudgels - 
occupying the village of Hills¬ 
borough itself. 

Having heard that Paisley was 
attempting a show of strength in 
Portadown, police and soldiers 
were on band to stop him parading 
through Catholic districts, but 
were apparently unable to protea 
Hillsborough. As one source said: 

“You have to hand it to Paisley, he 
always turns defeat into-victory”. 

Paisley had warned that loyal¬ 
ists would descend on Portadown 
unless Orangemen were -satisfied 
with the route of their traditional 
July 12 parade. The compromise 
emerged amid security force fears 
of widespread public disorder. 
Loyalists intended to stretch po¬ 
lice resources to their limit on a 
day when they would have to 
control 19 huge Orange 
demonstrations. “We could have 
won the baule at Portadown, but 
lost the war”, one officer said. 
“Public disorder would have been 
widespread.” ' 

The Chief Constable and gov¬ 
ernment officials are putting a 
brave face on the. decision, al¬ 
though they recognize the damage 
it has done to nationalist percep¬ 
tions of the security forces. Even 
the squeals from loyalists as they 
found themselves, yet again, on 
the receiving end of RUC plastic 
bullets have not placated national¬ 
ist anger. 

All this has happened at a time 
when the Hillsborough agreement 
was already under strain. Growing 
private opinion in the Republic 

held that Unionist opposition, 
while failing to destroy the-agree- 
ment, had forced the British 
government virtually to bring the 
implementation of it to a stand¬ 
still. The much talked-about 
changes in the administration of 
justice have failed to materialize. 
Action is confidently expected to 
be taken later in the year but the 
decision to allow the Portadown 
parade has left many nationalists.' 
already suspending judgment on 
the accord, suspicious and doubt¬ 
ful of iis value. As one middle- 
class Roman Catholic explained: 
“Things will never change. They 
always give in to Unionists”. 

Unionist strategy over the next 
few months will be to continue 
with their implacable opposition 
to the agreement, and play for 
time in the hope of rendering 
impotent a document which 
Molyneaux says is now era a “life 
support system”. Their opposition 
will rise to a crescendo by autumn, 
when everyone believes the deal 
must deliver some concrete results 
in order to claim any credibility. 

Their campaign has so far 
forced the British government oa 
to the defensive, with ministers 
despairingly wondering how they 
can entice Unionist leaders into 
talks. Unionists hope that causing 
Britain to go slow on implement¬ 
ing the agreement wi|] lead to 
arguments between London and 
Dublin about its almsand the pace 
of change, and that the frustra¬ 
tions of the Irish Republic- 
considered by Unionist leaders to 
be the weaker link in the deal — 
will become more acute, resulting 
in more and louder outbursts of 
the kind that emanated from Peter 
Barry, the Dublin foreign min¬ 
ister. this week. 

After completing aft stages m the 
House of Lords, the Human 
Rights and Fundamental Free-, 
doms Bill is now before the 
Commons. It has-one principal . 
aim: to . give . the European 
Convention on Human Rights the 
force of British law. 

■ The educated layman will know 
that the Convention provides a 
'catalogue, of human, rights, .en-'. 
forced by judicial machinery in, 
Strasbourg, against which the 

bUUUMJUlUlga unuau 

be scrutinized. He. will also be' 
aware that scarcely a year goes by 
without an adverse ruling on some 
aspect of ourlaw..- 

As matters stand at the moment 
the European Convention is sim- ’ 
ply a treaty; Any British subject, 
complaining of the violation ofa 
right guaranteed mthe'Conven¬ 
tion, has recourse only to Stras^ 
bourg, using 'the- right . - of- 
iindividual petition first conceded 
by the Britisb-goverament in 1966 
and unobtrusively renewed in 
January of this year. 

Supporters of the bill — in¬ 
troduced in the Lords in the name 
of Lord Broxboume — say that 
proceedings at Strasbourg are both 

unfamiliar and protracted. If the 
Convention were given the force 
of internal. law by Art of Par¬ 
liament the British litigant could, 
vindicate in the Royal Courts of 
Justice in the Strand* rather .than 
at Strasbourg, his rights under the 
Convention. On some _ versions 
the terms of the Convention could 
even be-invoked in the focal 
county court or magistrates' court.- : 
: This, itis claimed, would work 
(to the benefit of government .and 
(individuals alike. The government 
uld be spared the embarrass- . 

Broxboume's bill will point out 
that their measure is more sophis¬ 
ticated titan earlier attempts to 
incorporate, the European 

Convention. British judges; under 

Convention but also the decisions 
based on that text already handed 
down at Strasbourg; But what n 
the particular point had not arisen 
before? I doubt the inclination of 
British judas to fill in the gap m 

if the point had arisen before, the 
state of British lashould have 
been amended accordingly. ■ ■. 

It might be argued, at this point, 
ihflt the Broxbourne biU, though 
periops not significantly enhanc¬ 
ing our standard of human rights 
protection,; woi&d not do any 
harm. Domestic incorporation 
would be in' addition to, rather 
than in; place of- petition to 
. Strasbourg- Litigants, who did not 
gain'satisfaction from the Euro¬ 
pean 'Convention,- as interpreted 
‘ by British judges,; could seek a 
different interpretation*! Stras¬ 

But I can envisage a situation in 

which a litigant exhausted .himself- 
unsuccessfully trying to persuades 
trial judge, then the Court' of 
Appeal, and finally the Housn of 
Lords, round: to-, tiis way Tot 
thinking. Under present arrange^ 
menus a quick ruling that English 
law provides noremedyis all that 
is required before taking one’s 
place in the queue at Strasbourgr 

AnyiaDy of cases lodgedjostor 
won, at Strasbourg could .be 
misleading. ■ Supporterarif ' the 
Broxbourne bill attribute Britain's 
indifferent position in the hitman- 
rights • league 'to: a failure - to 


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moreover .. . Miles Kington 

Today I would (ike to tell you 
about ihe Grande Briere. People' 
often tell me that thane is nowhere 
in Europe remotely like Venice, 
but this is not true. The Grande 
Briere and Venice are almost 
identical, both being criss-crossed 
by winding canals foil of flat- 
bottomed boats propelled by pole- 
wielding boatmen. . 

The one difference is that there 
is not a single building on the 
Briere, it being a boggy, s oggy 
marsh of the kind that Venice 
would be if they hadn’t put up alL 
those t»lazzi, squares and bridges. 
’But the Brifire, right Qti the edge of" 
Brittany by the Loire- estiiaiy, 
attracts purple prose-writers; just 
as easily as. Venice, “You cannot 
visit the Briere”* says'-the official 
guide. “You can only share in the 
experience of the Brfere.” Even 
the normally quirt Berlitz pocket 
guide turns a tittle puce: “A 
remote and strange marsh area 
where man lives in perfect but 
fragile harmony with . nature 
...' Once on the canals you will be 
in the kingdom- of reeds and 
rushes. You will watch eels flee, 
carp jump^ pike', dance in the 
heavy waters of the marsh, with 
the pervasive smell oTdank water 
ati around”. It could be Venice. 

.Theonly guide to strike a level¬ 
headed note is that lathe, nearby 
town of Le Pouliguen, which says, 
roughly: -“The Briere is an. im¬ 
portant depression of 80,000 hect¬ 
ares, full of non-running water, or 
water which runs very badly”. . 

Excited by this description, 
eight of us betook ourselves last 
week to this important but-badly 
running depression to embark in- a 
flat-bottomed boat.armed..with . 
four paddles and a pole. 

Most people attack the Brfcne 
from the east side, where thereare 
lots of little marsh villages. We 
preferred to attack from the west 
side , which is’ totally unknown, 
except toraJarge party of school¬ 
children who set off at the same 
time as us. and it may have been 
because of their French commu¬ 
nity singing that the eels were not 
fleeing.- the carp failed to jumpand- 
tiie pike refrained from dancing. 

. Oiir problem was how to master 
the paddles and poles sufficiently 
in order to reach a quiet area, for it 
is well known that schoolchildren 
find it difficult to live in perfect 
but fragile harmony with nature-. 

- The paddles were constructed in 
traditional manner —that is, 
lookinglike wooden; spades made , 
by a blind man *r. and we watched 

with interest the natives of Bri&re 
as they sped past to see how they. 
steered. They -were all using- 
outboard motors. Being tourists-, 
we were made of .far sterner stuff : 
(would you choose a motorized: 
gondola .in Venice?) and soon we : 
were put among the reeds, gliding, 
through purple-flowered banks,' 
watching strange birds wheel and 
glide, in that remote and strange - 
marsh area ... (see paragraph 2). . 

We liked it a lot Unlike Venice; 
it boasts no cafes or restaurants, 
but we had taken the precaution of 
bringing vast supplies of French 
bread and charcuterie, and soon it. 
wastisie for the bravest among us 
to leap pnlland, cry the traditional 
cry of “1 claim this territory for her 
Britannic Majesty!” and sulk up to 
otir knees in mainland. 

.Back-in.the boat and on to one 
of the few bitsofdxy land, marked 
for that purpose by browsing cows, 
where we had lunch and found the- 
true purpose of those misshapen' 
paddles: to play French cricket, a 
game seemingly, unknown, to die 
French. As we had'no hall, we 
improvised with over-ripe cher¬ 
ries,' and if any future traveller to 
those parts should find a strange 
groye of unexplained cherry trees,- 
let- it .be‘known that they were 
planted by English .travellers.. - 
■ The horizon —well, there is no 
horizon in a march, just reeds and 
a few vrty far-off church towers— 
began at last to grow dark, so we - 
returned to the boat and their 
found why all the villages are to 
the east of the marsh.' It is so that 
the- marsb-dweflers will. have a 
following wind on the way home. 

Battling, into a" head-wind with 
four wooden spades joke, . 
especially for . the schoolchildren 
whom we passed again, now 
crying and wailing as their sweat¬ 
ing teachers tried to get them 
home, mentally composing those 
letters of apology: “Dear parent; I 
regret to inform you that your 
child was. lost in that remote and 

strange marsh area, knowii as La 
Grande Brfere 

We finally, made it The. boat¬ 
man stared strangely at the purple^ 
stained paddles which we handed 
back to him. I essayed an etp lana - 
tion in French^Monsieur, nous 
ayqns joue avec. les cCrises ah 
French cricket, ce jeu de pariajte 
mais. fragile : harmonic avec la 
nature .. ~ . • ’ .. 

He "nodded. He seemed to 
understand. We left him staring 
out into the crepuscutefor signs of 
those schoolchildren. 

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■ ’ •?• 

Th e confusion that has greeted 
™ w «*’s spate of announce- 
mems about new US-Soviet 
talks shows how unaccus¬ 
tomed the West has become to 


the feet that one set of talks is 
apparently expected to en¬ 
compass two topics - a ban on 
nuclear tests and verification 
— in which each side has 

eood npwc qvCn../; “ m w nicn each side has 

&rT-n™ “^ considerable political 

neither the United Slates nor 


the' Soviet Union would have 
considered it advantageous to 
adroit to direct contact with 
the other. But talking is now 
back-in vogue. . 

The confusion was gen¬ 
erated, however, by more than 
the novelty of. superpower 
communication. It also de¬ 
rived from the manner in 
which the . new contacts were 
presented. For an outsider it 
was difficult to divine exactly 
what the two sides had agreed 
to talk about, let alone when 
and where they proposed to do 
it The element of politicking 
was still very much in ev¬ 

It is now clear that the 
United States and the Soviet 
Union are to engage in two 
quite . separate sets of dis¬ 
cussions; The first to com¬ 
mence in Geneva next 
Tuesdays lakes the form of'a 
spedal 'meeting of. the US- 
Soviet-Standing Consultative 
Commission, the body which 
regulates compliance with the 
SALT treaties. The second, to 
commence on a date and at a 
venue yet to be decided, will 
discuss a possible ban on 
nuclear tests (according to the 
Soviet side); the whole ques¬ 
tion of how existing arms 
control agreements can be 
verified (according to the 
American side).. 

The- discrepancy in the 
presentation of the agenda is. 
one reason "why any welcome 
for : the. talks should be tem¬ 
pered with caution. Another is. 

capital. Agreement to couple 
the two topics is a classic case 
of a hard bargain successfully 
struck; agreement at the talks 
themselves will be a very 
different proposition. 

Yet there have been indica¬ 
tions that the mutual con¬ 
cessions, small though they 
were, which permitted the 
talks to be announced might 
provide the basis for a joint 
statement of. intentions at 
least. The initial proposal for 
talks about verification was 
made by President Reagan. 
Moscow’s acceptance means 
that it would have to sacrifice 
the propaganda advantage it 
had won for itself through Mr 
Gorbachov's successive arms 
control initiatives. No longer 
can the Soviet side claim that 
the United States is not listen¬ 
ing, The arms control debate 
has been effectively removed 
from the propaganda arena, 
where the Soviet Union is 
always most comfortable, to 
the negotiating table, 

Moscow has also conceded 
the principle that verification 
is an appropriate subject for 
discussion. This is less of a 
concession now than it would 
have been two years ago, for 
the Gorbachov leadership has 
shown itself more tractable on 
the subject than its prede¬ 
cessors — holding out the 
possibility of on-site inspec¬ 
tion and inviting US experts to 
examine Soviet seismic mon¬ 
itoring techniques. It is none¬ 
theless a- concession, and 
represents a departure from 
traditional Soviet attitudes. 

Washington, for its part, has 
agreed to talk about the 
possibility of banning all 
nuclear tests, or rather to talk 
about prospects for reviving 
the talks on a comprehensive 
test ban treaty that were 
abandoned six years ago. The 
US attitude so far has been 
that so long as nuclear weap¬ 
ons are required, they must be 
tested. Moreover, President 
Reagan has consistently re¬ 
fused to match Moscow's uni¬ 
lateral moratorium on testing 
which is due to expire (after 
several renewals) on August 6. 
US agreement to talk, albeit 
somewhat remotely, about a 
test ban could allow Moscow 
to deal as it likes with iis fading 
moratorium without losing 

There now appears to be a 
possibility of a low-level agree¬ 
ment which could provide an 
adequate basis for a second 
Reagan-Gorbachov summit. 
Such an agreement might con¬ 
tain a joint statement of U.S.- 
Soviet intentions both to 
implement limited verifica¬ 
tion measures and to re¬ 
commence talks on banning all 
nuclear tests (including per¬ 
haps tests of as yet 
un researched space weapons). 

That would probably please 
the American administration, 
which has half an eye on the 
mid-term elections in Novem¬ 
ber. It would probably please 
the Soviet leadership, too, 
which is looking towards 
November's economic plan¬ 
ning season without, as yet, 
any formal reason to peg 
military spending. But this is 
looking far ahead — too far for 
the optimism generated by this 
week's announcements to be 
anything other than cautious. 


In 1984 Colin.James Evans 
was sentenced to life imprison¬ 
ment for the murder of a girl 
he had abducted: In and out of 
prison, the pattern of his 
sexual greed was unchanging: 
His victual all little children, 
littered" the:;years, smee: the.: 
min's. linal ” 

trial there'was * no evident of. 
rehabilitation;, no:-evidenced 
that prison woaldchange him;. 
no certainty that iriUus dotage 
the sources of his cruelty 
would dry; •* ■ p - 

Evans was well known in his 
home area of Berkshire: He 
was known to police, io social 
services offices,, to probation 
officers, known to mothers 
and Jathers.. Despite^ that he 
was taken up — Uonoedf— by a 
voluntary body,. Joe H, and 
set to work that allowed him 
access to children. Evans pro- . 
ceeded to assault and murder. 

: Revulsion was naturally in¬ 
spired by the case. It exem- 
plified failures of 
communication between the 
police and various public ser¬ 
vices; misjudgements and legal 
errors. The Evans case ought 
now to, be a compulsory study 
in in social services, teaching,' 
police and probation training. 
Failures like, these may still 

If Waterloo was won on the 
playing -.fields of Britain’s 
schools, then the French 
should - demand a return 
match. Next time they might 
very well thrash us. 

' That may perhaps be an 
over-simplification, but the 
decline in competitive school 
soccer, rugby and cricket, over 
the last quarter century is 
Undisputed and dramatic. 
Which must be a pity. Genera¬ 
tions of children have den yed 
great enjoyment, inspiration 
Sid-pride from playing for. 
their form, house or school- 
achievements which have for 
many counterbalanced their 
inadequacy in the classroom. 
For those in urban flaw, the 
local school has provided facil¬ 
ities which might otherwise 

have been beyond them. 

.This is not to argue that 
terrified 11-year-olds should 
be forced into the slips or 
thrown into the scrum against 
their will, taste or better 
judgement Sport may^even¬ 
tually instil the team virtues 
into reluctant ptaS** 
equally it may not, and there 
are simpler, more un**" 
arguments in favour of en¬ 
couraging team sports 

^Bm one should be . n0 J^ s 

^missive of tho^ocom^ 

plain that competition is 
for vou. Children will compete 
with each other, whether ^r- 

fein adults like it or no^and it 

would seem to be more sen¬ 
sible'for them to do so m ffie 
ojaying field under, super- 
viaon than in .the playground 

occur despite the changes in 
the Rehabilitation of Offend¬ 
ers Act announced yesterday 
by the Horae Office. But those 
changes are nonetheless wel¬ 
come precautions... ■ 

The. Home; Office's order 
exempts local authorities from 
th&. Act’s tan on' disclosure' 
when they .seek information on/ 
potential employees- for jobs - 
involvingchildrai or oaadults 
in households entrusted with 
the care of children. As such it 
is justified on broad grounds; 
that local authorities with 
children in their care or super¬ 
vision need' the fullest 
information on 1 those they 
employ; it is up to them to 
distinguish between offences 
'(for example, those of dis¬ 
honesty) which because of the 
lapse of time are irrelevant (for 
. example, in ascertaining the 
suitability of foster parents) 
and offences, indicating that 
children could be put at men¬ 
tal or physical risk. 

In practice, responsible local 
authority officers dealing with 
children already make it their 
business to find out all they 
can about those employed 
with children — the process 
puts a premium on good 
relations with the police, 


without it. The reluctance of 
certain spoilsports to recognize 
this recently plumbed new 
depths of dottiness with the 
banning of an egg and spoon 
race. To see this sporting life in 
the lower-fourth as the un¬ 
acceptable face of a capitalist, 
free market economy does at 
least lead to self-inflicted ab¬ 

The decline of school sports 
however reflects more than a 
change in educational philos¬ 
ophy or the caprices of a 
lunatic fringe. There are genu¬ 
ine difficulties over organizing 
major team sports within and 
between some of out new large 
comprehensive schools. Bigger 
schools need bigger grounds 
and staffs, and it is never a 
good time to ask for more of 

There is also an attractive 
argument in favour of using 
resources to provide children 
with a wider choice. Athletics 
would seem to be growing in 
popularity, while judo, bad¬ 
minton and golf are being 
given a place on the rec¬ 
reational curriculum. Children 
in later life might find any one 
of these a more acceptable way 
to keep fit given the con¬ 
straints of family hfe, and me 
advancing years. 

It is, moreover, all too easy 
to exaggerate the impact of 
such developments upon me 
national esprit- While sporting 
organizations complain about 
the decline in school games, 
(hey acknowledge a rise m the 
number of boys playing sport 
in clubs outside. If a .boy 

which is in the general interest 
The Home Office has now 
made such dealings official, 
with the safeguard that in¬ 
quiries about employees are to 
be carried out only by a senior 

- . There are still gaps; notably 
In "the' provision of relevant 
information about employees 
of-.- voluntary organizations. 
Moves to give voluntary bod¬ 
ies a larger role in the-pro¬ 
vision of social welfare should 

— as a matter of urgency — be 
accompanied by some further 
revision of the Act allowing 
their officials similar access to 
facts about the backgrounds of 
potential employees and vol¬ 
untary workers. 

There will always be misgiv¬ 
ings about changes which in¬ 
crease the discretion oflocal 
authorities to make • un¬ 
challengeable judgements 
based on private information. 
Mistakes are always possible. 
But to give full publicity to 
criminal records would under¬ 
mine the necessary effort made 
to expunge from public knowl¬ 
edge convictions of long ago. 
And the Evans case shows that 
to make no change at all would 
expose small children to need¬ 
less and horrifying risks. 

spends his leisure lime playing 
cricket for a local colts XI, 
instead of using up his school 
hours doing so for his house, 
could it perhaps be better for 
him and for cricket? The 
Central Council for Physical 
Recreation points out, how¬ 
ever, that this demands a 
certain initiative, and perhaps 
talent, in the boy concerned. Is 
it not their local schools who 
have the best chance of un¬ 
covering their ability? 

Sport occupies a great deal 
of time and thought and the 
fortunes of Britain's national 
sides, particularly in football 
and cricket, have an influence 
upon 'the national sense of 
well-being. Given the degree of 
public concern, the Govern¬ 
ment is therefore right to begin 
its own inquiry into the trend. 
It should be urged to raise the 
issue a notch or two in the 
order of priorities. 

One way forward might be 
for schools and outside 
organizations to pool their 
resources to their mutual 
advantage. That school play¬ 
ing fields should, lie unused in 
urban areas throughout the 
long school holidays would 
seem to be ridiculous. Mean¬ 
while, the Government should, 
take steps to prevent the sale of 
more school playing fields by 
local authorities for public and 
private housing. Amid all the 
arguments and counter-argu¬ 
ments, this would seem to be 
unequivocally wrong — and 
serves to stress the need for for 
the development of a coherent 
national policy. - 


Passing the buck 

From the Chairman of the 
Governors of Birkbeck Colitge 
Sir. The Chairman of the Univer¬ 
sity Giants Committee claims 
(July 16} that the friends of 
Birkbeck believe that ‘'part-time 
students in London should be 
much better resourced than part- 
time students in the rest of 

Neither Birkbeck nor its many 
friends are making such a claim. 
We do not ask for preferential 
treatment but for just treatment. 
Birkbeck has always advocated 
that part-time degree students 
should be provided with adequate 

Nineiy-two per cent of 
Birkbeck's students are part-time. 
The needs of such an institution 
are not a simple function of course 
lengths. Uke other universities, 
Birkbeck must provide a full 
teaching programme in each year, 
with adequate accommodation 
and supporting facilities. It must 
run its own admissions system, 
collect fees from each of 2,800 
students and, above all. give 
tuition and pastoral care which 
take account of the pressures 
which fell on those who work by 
day and study by night 

Birkbeck provides for 45 per 
cent of all pan-time first degree 
entrants in English universities 
and for 74 per cent of entrants in 
the subjects it covers — and it 
provides for 25 per cent of 
entrants for taught postgraduate 
courses. Birkbeck supplies a very 
large number of such courses and 
funding for them is critical for 
Birkbeck's future. There is no 
evidence that this demand could 
be met through marginal pan-time 
courses in other universities. 

Birkbeck produces graduates at 
costs to the UGC which are the 
same as or lower than other 
universities. When the costs of 
maintenance of full-time students 
are taken into account. Birkbeck's 
charge on the Exchequer is very 
much less. Moreover, its students 
contribute their taxes to the 
Exchequer and benefit the na¬ 
tional economy by continuing to 

The UGCs crude formula 
based on course length makes no 
allowances for these facts. Despite 
the UGCs reconsideration of 
what Sir Peter [Swinnenon-Dyer] 
is reported to have described as “a 
mistake". Birkbeck would still 
lose sums rising annually to £1.6 

on Birkbeck? 

million m 1989-90, in addition to 
the cuts which face all universities; 
by that time its accumulated 
deficit would exceed its annua) 
UGC funds. 

Now that the UGC has failed to 
respond to public and political 
pressure to consider die national 
interest, it is dear that its adher¬ 
ence to a simplistic formula is a 
national liability. It must be made 
to think again. 

Yours faithfully, 


Chairman of Governors, 

Birkbeck College, 

University of London, 

Malet Street, WCI. 

July 17. 

From the Vice-Choticeitor of the 
University of London 
Sir. By agreeing to fund Birkbeck 
College pan-time undergraduate 
student places in future at three 
quarters the rate for a full-time 
student the University Grants 
Committee has recognised the 
justice of the University of 
London's arguments. 

We readily acknowledge that 
the UGCs reconsideration has 
reduced the scale of the immediate 
problem for Birkbeck; but it is 
misleading of the Chairman of the 
UGC. in his letter of July 16, 
conveniently to ignore the feet 
that it was the UGCs earlier 
application to Birkbeck of its 
formula reckoning a pan-tune 
student as equivalent to only half 
a full-time student which caused 
the original problem and the 
resulting publicity. 

The UGC and the Court of the 
university share a common bur¬ 
den of distributing resources 
which are simply inadequate. 
Pans of the university system, or 
parts of the University of London, 
can be protected only at the 
expense of others. A “solution" in 
one area merely creates a problem 
in another. 

Ultimately the cause is the 
Government's decision to cut 
university funding in real terms 
(on present projections) by over 
30 per cent between 1980 .and 
1990. It is idle to pretend that real 
damage will not result to the 
education that universities cati' 
provide for their students. 

Yours faithfully, 

FLOWERS, Vice-Chancellor, 
University of London, 

Senate House, Malet Street, WCI. 
July 17. 

Combating drugs 

From Mr Tim Rathbone, MP for 
Levi es (Conservative) 

Sir, There certainly is no simple 
answer to the drugs problem, as 
Professor Edwards points out 
(feature, July 15). But for every 
young person there is a real 
alternative to the adolescent social 
“advantages” which the professor 
points up—that is, the attractions 
which can be created in just saying 

In the most successful anti-drug 
campaigns in the United Slates 
teaching in schools as well as at 
home and peer-group pressure 
have built the same “passport to 
friendship and group member¬ 
ship" for those who refuse to be 
lured into the drug scene as the 
professor identifies as part of the 
attractions of the drug scene. 

It is in the areas of teacber 
training and pupil training that 
much more needs to be done, and 
speedily, in addition to, not 
instead of. activities on ocher 

Yours etc, 


House of Commons. 

Monumental choice 

From Mr J. S. Austen 
Sir, The spraying around church¬ 
yard memorials does not only 
damage the fabric of those monu¬ 
ments in Sir Geotge White's 
Gloucester churchyard (July 12). 

Here in Norfolk it has become 
very fashionable not only to spray 
around monuments, but also to 
spray around the churchyard wall 
and the whole church itself. The 
monuments are very important 
sites for lichens and mosses, while 
their bases contain plants such as 
lady's bedstraw, which have es¬ 
caped the grass cutter. 

Ferns, such as maidenhair, wall 
rue. and Mack spleenwort, are 
being lost rapidly on church walls, 
as well as wall pelfitory and the 
stonecrops on churchyard walls. 
These plants are very difficult to 
find here in Norfolk except in 

Yours feithfitily, 


Low Farm, 

Caston Road, 


Thetford, Norfolk. 

July 13. 

Fighting spirit 

From Mr Demitri Argyropulo 
Sir. You report (July 5) the Inner 
London Education Authority's 
physical education inspector, 
Carol Rowboibam. as saying that 
curriculum time should not be 
spent with the best seven, l J, or 15 
players that would make up a 
school team. 

On the academic side, schools 
spend considerable curriculum 
time and resources on “the best 
seven, 11 or 15 players" who, in 
most inner-city sdiools. would be 
regarded as a large A-level group 
for many subjects. As far as I 
know, ILEA heads and inspectors 

are not arguing for A-levds to be 
dropped from schools because 
only a small elite minority take 

Competitive team sports teach 
the necessity of co-operation 
within a team as much as the 
competition between sides. Those 
who excel at sport are often those 
who fail in other areas of school 
life and to deny them their chance 
of success does the children con¬ 
cerned no favours. 

Yours faithfully, 


7 Meadow Road, 

Ashread, Surrey. 

July 9. 

Academic salaries 

From Dr N. Mcl. Johnson 
Sir, Whilst your correspondents 
(July 9,11) enter into an argument 
over whether or not the pay rise 
for clinical _ academic staff is 
funded, two facts remain, 
f. Clinical academic salaries are 
traditionally linked to NHS sal¬ 
aries. not to other -academic 

2. NHS staff will receive their 
delayed salary increase from July 
1: clinical academic staff will not, 
and as yet have no arrangement 

for its implementation. It is likely 
to be many months before its 
implementation if they have to 
wait for a salary settlement for a 
group with totally unrelated salary 

Now is the time for Mr Walden 
to take out his cheque book in 
order to restore morale to clinical 
academic staff. 

Yours faithfully. 


The Middlesex Hospital. 
Mortimer Street, Wl. 

July II. 

Practical effects 

From Mr P. H. Walton 
Sir, In recent weeks a number of 
letters have been published on this 
page voicing concern about 
development proposals affecting 
historic towns. All these schemes 
are to be financed by the private 
sector and will create many jobs, 
not just m the construction in¬ 
dustry. but also in the 
hypermarkets, hotels and 
cinemas they wifi provide. 

Are the opponents of such 
developments the same people 
who write to this paper voicing 
concern about the current level of 
unemployment and the need to 
boost public spending? 

Yours faithfully,' 


49 Nevero Square, SW5. 

July 14 

Operation clean-up 

From Mr George Rowe 
Sir, Seven hundred and fifty 
thousand pounds to smarten Brit¬ 
ain says The Times or Mr William 
Waldegrave (report, July 15). How 
ridiculous can a minister <n* 
government get? If this amount of 
money were spent in, say, two 
London boroughs it might mean 
something. What about the other 
thirty? What about the other large 
cities in the UK? . , 

It is not only our conurbations 
that need projects to improve the 
environment. A great deal 9f our 
countryside demands similar 
attention. Surely £750 million is a 
figure nearer the mark. 

Yours faithfully. 


60 Wandsworth Common 
West Side; SW18. 

July. 15. 


Private tenders 
for public waste 

From Mr John R. Holmes. 

Sir. The buoyant article by your 
Environment Correspondent 
(July 4) tends to mask the reality 
that in the real money-spending 
services like refuse collection and 
street sweeping the growth in 
privatisation has virtually ceased. 

The first authority to go private 
for refuse collection and street 
sweeping was Southend in 1981. 
Since then 55 public tenders have 
been issued by the district coun¬ 
cils. Out of these 55 tenders. 29 
contracts have been awarded to 
the private sector and in the 
remaining 26 cases the council 
retained iis own workforce and in- 
house service. 

The 29 contracts, mostly for 
refuse collection but some for 
street-sweeping, work well Five 
have been extended by compet¬ 
itive tender or negotiation with 
the company and in no case (as 
yet) has the service once 
privatised been returned to the 
councils own workforce. The 
number of contracts awarded has 
been in steady decline since 1982 
so that this year (so far) no local 
authority has come to tender for 
these important services. 

In (981-82 six tenders were 
issued and four contracts 
awarded. Corresponding ratios for 
years since then are 23/13 (1982- 
83); 9/6 (1983-84): 14/4 (1984-85) 
and 3/2 (1985-86). 

If. this is the best that can be 
achieved with a supportive central 
government and all the other fiscal 
pressures on local government to 
cut costs then it must be that 
councils. Conservative councils at 
that, are much more sympathetic 
to using their own men if they can 
than we are led to believe. 

The biggest success in 
privatisation has not been in the 
29 contracts but in all those other 
authorities who Have used the 
private sector example to improve 
their financial performance by 
better productivity and forceful 

Yours feithfuUy, 


6 Hill House. - 
Welcombe Road, 

July 7. 

Not so elementary 

From the Director of the Metro- 
pofitan Police Forensic Science 

Sir, It is very rare indeed for me to 
take issue with my predecessor. Dr 
H. Walls, but Imust disagree most 
strongly with his dismissal of 
Sherlock Holmes's science. as 
"ridiculous” (report, July 14). 
r There are many examples of 
good scientific practice; in the. 
Conan Doyle stones in addition to 
the emphasis on good and careful 
observation, the keystone of 
forensic science. Thus, to cite but 
two, in A Study in Scarlet there is 
reference to Holmes's discovery of 
a reagent for haemoglobin which 
foreshadows the use of antisera in 
precipitin tests. In "The Reigate 
$quires”are set out many of the 
criteria which are the scientific 
basis for handwriting comparison. 

Since much valuable work was 
done on typewriting comparison 
whilst Dr Walls was .director of 
this laboratory I can only assume 
that bis remarks on this, sutgect 
were misreported and should read 
that matching of typewriting had 
never happened before (Le^ pre- 
Conan Doyle) in real life; 

Yours truly, 

R. L WILLIAMS. Director, 
Metropolitan Police Forensic 
Science Laboratory,. 

109 Lambeth Road, SEl. 

July 14. 

Names manship 

From Major-General A. J.Trythali 

Sir, Henry Stanhope's article to¬ 
day (July I!) on namesmanship 
for beginners was most enjoyable. 
The subaltern would indeed have 
felt it correct to- be addressed as 
“Simon" but it must be added, 

- however.-as- Henry (or Stanhope) 
knows, that the sergeant standing 
behind him, significantly lower in 
the order, would have been very 
surprised to be called “Harry" 
whereas the warrant officer look¬ 
ing on would have been outraged 
to be called anything else than Mr 



Brasseys Defence Publishers, 

24 Grays Inn Road, WCI. 

July 11. 

Penal shortcomings 

From Mr Jack Lynn 
Sir, Lord Hunt’s letter (July 4) 
drew attention to "a most urgent 
need to encourage magistrates to 
make greater use of a range of non¬ 
custodial sentences”. At the same 
time flic 320 voluntary aftercare 
accommodation schemes which 
provide about 4.500 places 
throughout the country are being 
charged with inefficiency by the 
Home Office because a recent 
‘'snapshot” survey of occupancy 
showed less than 75 per cent of 
beds were in use! • 

With the 1.836 ptaoes^m 102 
approved bail and probation hos¬ 
tels. which are probably similarly 
under-used, they represent a rel¬ 
atively cheap resource which 
could be of use to the courts, in 
reducing the prison population 
where cases show this to be 

Yours faithfully. 

JACK LYNN, Chairman, 
Management Committee. 

Society of St Vincent de Paul, 

St Christopher House. 

220/222 Westmorland Road, 
Newcastle upon Tyne. 

July 10. 

JULY 181906 

Alfred Dreyfus 11859-1935), fauwt 
guilty on a trumped-up charge o/ 
espionage in 1894, was impmonedj- 
, on Devil's Island, Guiana, forfwel 1 
years. In Jufy 1906 the verdict was 
annulled, he was reinstated and ' 
decorated with the Legion of . 
Honour, finally serving as a 
colonel in the Great War. 

The news of his appointment was : 
one of a score of items from the 
paper's "Colonial.. JnteUigence" 



(From Onr Correspondent.) 

Paris, July 17. 

The decision to appoint Major 
Alfred Dreyfus to the 12th Artillery 

Regiment at Vincennes is likely to > 
cause no difficulties, if we may 
behove the representative of a; 
French telegraphic agency who haa. . 
seen Lieutenant-Colonel Bouisson. 
under whose orders Major Dreyfus 
will be. An assistant sub-director is 
needed there. Major Dreyfus, the 
colonel said, would be received as 
an excellent comrade. The trials he 
has undergone, his rehabilitation 
by the Court of Cassation, and his 
new distinctions merely attracted 
to him a little more attention — 
that was all- He had known 
Dreyfus at the Ecoted’Application. 
and thought him a briliant officers 
The past, for which he had beed 
reproached, no longer existed. Af* 
ter the verdicts of the military 
tribunals that, condemned 
they had bowed before the chose 
jugee. After the verdict of the 
Court of Cassation rehabilitating 
him they also bowed before the 
chose jugee. When he came they 
would shake hands, he would take 
his place in their midst, and they 
would all set to work. 

It is stated that Major Dxeyfua 
has applied for and obtained two 
weeks' leave, which he will spend id 
Switzerland. The Aurore. M. 
Clemenceau's former organ, says 
that Major Dreyfus has made the 
fallowing remark with regard to the 
question of reprisals : M Honour has 
been rendered to the man. thief-', 
officer has nothing to ask.” 



Pietermaritzburg, July 17. ; 

Regarding the charges of inhu : 
inanity which have been made as to 
the manner in which the native 
operations have been carried outs 
the Natal Government admits that 
Bambaata. was decapitated mid 
states that it was in the following 
circumstances:- When the bo^yl 
was found, in an advanced state afl 
decomposition, a doctor cut off the 
heed, and carried it to the camp for 
t he p ur pose of idea tification. The 
head was photographed and subse¬ 
quently buried with the body. 

The Government contends that 
the campaign has" been conducted 
with unexampled humanity. Thou¬ 
sands of women and children of 
rebels have been maintained at the 
Government’s expense, and there 
are now nearly 3,000 rebels held as 
prisoners, showing the absurdity of 
the allegation that no surrenders 
have been permitted. The prison 
ers are well fed and housed, and 
content. If there is- no further 
attempt at rebellion, it is probable 
that the Government will release 
the rebel prisoners., after . difj 
months’ detention. . 


(From Our Correspondent) 

Berlin, JULY 17. 
The Frankfurter Zeitung learns 
from Constantinople that two 
transport steamers which were 
recently bought in England for the 
Turkish Government have re 1 
ceived orders to proceed to Beirut,' 
where they will take on board eight 
battalions of troops for conveyance^ 
to Yemen as reinforcements for the 
garrison at Sana. 

The same journal also learns 
that considerable anxiety prevails- 
at the Porte in consequence of thtff 
resumption of hostilities by the 
Arabs in Mesopotamia. The Turk-Y 
ish authorities in that region hadf 
apparently asked for ten days' 
truce in order to investigate that 
various grievances which wees 
submitted to them by the rebel¬ 
lious tribes. As no reply or othig-, 
satisfaction bad been vouchsafed 

by the authorities at the end of that' 
period, the Arabs resumed opera¬ 
tions and are now preventing all] 
navigation on the Tigris. 

Invalid permits 

From Mr Sliding Moss 
Sir. Surely it is time the authorities' 
tightened up on the issuing of 
disabled driver parking permits. 0 "• 
1 know of someone who looked 
after a disabled person for lift: 
brierpart of his life and, therefore; 
qualified for a permit.-The dis-. 
abied person died three years ager 
and yet the same permit is still in- 

Would it not be a good idea' if 
the permits had to cany the name 
of the disabled person when it was 
issued, the name of the doctor whp, 
authorised its need and date 
until which the permit is validTv 
Yours faithfully, ~ 


40 Shepherd Street, Wl. 

July 11. _ . ':1 

Coining a cliche 77 

From Mr Jain C. BaiUie 
Sir. As a practitioner, in innov^* 
tion law my diems' (particularly, 
from the USA) fevounte clicb&fo' 
express the merit of their idea is. 
“the greatest thing since sliced 
bread". With your report of July 5 
on the demise of that product, 
what do we say now? 

Yours faithfully, ‘'t 


20 Chester Street, SW1. ' ! ' : 

July 14. *" k * 



Forthcoming marriages 

|Mr C.H. AlUrasen 
! and Miss PA. JUe 


TTY 'T' Mrs Timothy HoWeniess 

V^UUJ\ 1 Roddam was in attendance. 

“7^TD TT AD By command of The Queen. 
v,L/ii\vUL/llv the Viscount Long (Lord-in 

Waiting) was present at 

ST SI SUFS-Eft Cteh' ^ 
aSd took leave open His E*- bctol f of HorMaja^ 

^imLoT^ffcomra 1 ^ Sfi5SgE£5gSSJE 

#Sr. K S-** ° f US'SKS 

and Miss PA Rae 
■Hie engagement is announced 
between Christian, elder son of 
Lieutenant-Colond and Mis 
R.C Ailhusen, of Braden ham 
HaH, Norfolk, and Penelope, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
GG.C. Rae, of Choriton Old 
Hah, Mai pas, Cheshire, 

Mr B. Hogarth Mr P. Sootherden 

■and Mbs MJVL Broomhall and Miss LCE. Barker 
The engagement is announced- The engagem ent is announced- 
between Bryan, son of Mr and between Peter, only son of Mr 1 
Mrs Hector Hogarth, of Md- and Mrs LD.N- Southcrden, of 
bourne, Australia, and Mar- Brooke Farm Cottage, Weston 
gareu daughter of Dr and Mrs Turville, Buckinghamshire, and 
A A. . Broomhall, of Isabel, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Crowborough, Sussex. D.L- Barker, of Purton House, 

M C.GJVL Lem Purton, Wiltshire. 

■Jjdy 17: His Excellency Lieuten¬ 
ant-General Peter D. Zuze and 
Mrs Zuze were received in 
f&ftweD audience by The Queen 
and took leave upon His Ex¬ 
cellency relinquishing his 

' Lieutenant J JLB. Barclay, RN 
Md Dr AG Emenoo 
The engagement is announced 
betweenJohn, twin son of Mr 
and. Mrs W.IJL Barclay, of 
Malvern, Worcestershire, and 
Alice, younger daughter of Dr. 
and Mis PJ. Emerson, of Mon¬ 
treal, Canada, formerly c»f 
Alccster, Warwickshire. 

Crowborough, Sussex. D.L- Barker, of Purton House, 

M C.GJVL Lore Purton, Wiltshire, 

and' Miss-AS, Marshall ' 

The .engagement is announced 

between. Christopbe, youngest iY-UUTIogw 

son of ihe-late Dr Georges Lciie Mr P.M.W. Bennett 

and . Mine Leite, of Port and Miss E-A. Mayes 

Gruissan, France, and Antonia, The marriage took place on 

trier for the Republic of ^CJLBmote 

imbia in London. Airport, London-thu afternoon and Miss BJ. Feme 

The Eari of Mansfield and 

ansfidd (First Commis sioner welcomed His Excellency on of Mr and Mrs WN°Brooks. of 
C' of .h^Cmwn tahalfof Her Maj«y. ^ 

^bra in Undon. up< £ ^ ^ f the Gov- I ^ 

Sughan and Miss Eto^ihMay^dder 

,t Enounced daughter of Mr and Mrs A.W. 

Mansfield (First Commissioner 
aad Chairman of the Crown 
Estate Commission) had the 
.honour of being received by Her 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh gave an Afternoon 
Party in the Garden ofBuddng- 
ham Palace. 

■'•>The Prince and Princess of 
Wales, the Duke and Duchess of 
KAnt and Colonel Sr Henry and 
Lady May Abel Smith were 

- Her Majesty’s Body Guard of 
WIP Honourable Corps of 
Gentlemen-at-Arms and The 
Queen’s Body Guard of the 
Xeomen of the Guard were on 

The Bands of the Blues and 
Royals and The Royal Artillery 
played selections of music dur¬ 
ing the afternoon. 

- The Queen, attended by Mrs 
Jofin Dugdale. Mr Kenneth 
Scou and Major Hugh Lindsay 
feft'King’s Cross Station in the 
Royal Train this evening for 

--•The Princess Anne. Mrs Marie 
Phillips this morning attended 
the Golden Jubilee Celebrations 
ofCoram's Fields Playground in 
tlftf. London Borough of 

'“Her Royal Highness was re¬ 
ceived by the Mayor of Camden 
(Councillor Mrs Mary Cane) 
and the Chairman of Coram's 
Fields (Mr Frank Dobson). 
-Lieutenant-Colonel Peter 
Gibbs was in attendance, 
v The Princess Anne, Mrs Marie 
Phillips. Senior Warden of the 
Worshipful Company of 
Carmen, attended a Court Meet¬ 
ing and Dinner of the Company 
at Stationers' Hall, London 

Countess of Lichfield was 
in attendance. 

“'The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips. Patron of the VIII 
Commonwealth and Inter¬ 
national Conference on Sport, 
Physical Education, Dance, 
Rdcreation and Health, this 
afternoon opened the '86 Con¬ 
ference at JontanhiH College, 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
iiriyi aircraft of The Queen's 
FTtght and w3s received upon 
arrival at Glasgow Airport by 
Her* Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant 
for-=ihc City of Glasgow (Mr 
Robert Gray, the Right Hon the 
Lord Provost). - 

July 17: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother was represented 
by the Hon Angus Ogilvyat the 
Memorial Service for Lady Di¬ 
ana Cooper which was held in St 
Mary’s Church, Paddington 
Green, today. 

between Gordon, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs W.N. Brooks, of 
Cheam, Surrey, and Barbara, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Robert 
Fence, Sr, of Norwichtown, 
Connecticut, United States. 

Braboume. XenL Mr Phi 

Mr JJK Orsmond Mr®* 

and Mbs AJ. Vaughan ®nd Mi 

The engagement is announced r? 06 " 11 
between John, elder son of Mr 
Eddie Orsmond and Mis Joyce 
Orsmond, of 20 Han tan Ave¬ 
nue, HeJderkruin. Florida 1725, Mr J.C 
Transvaal, South 1 Africa, and and Mi 

Mr J.C Bromhead 
and Miss AJVL Monro 

Alison,-youngest, daughter of The marriage took place on 
Mrs Moira Vaughan, of Saturday, July 12, at the Church 

Mr SLH. Crago 
and MbsT/norner 
The engagement is.announced 
between Simon Hugh, younger 
son of.Mr Alan Crago, of 
London, El, and Mrs Joy Crago, 
of Bromley. Knit, and Tessa, 
younger daughter of Mrand Mrs 
Chris Homer. ofEsher. Surrey. 

July 17: The Duke of Gloucester 
today visited the East of En¬ 
gland Agricultural Show, 

His Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Sir Simon BlandL 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
was present this evening at a 
concert given in aid of The 
Order of St John in Greater 
Manchester at the Free Trade 
Hall. Manchester. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Miss Jennifer Thomson. 

Man and the late Commander Bromhead and the late Mr 
B rian Vaughan, RN. Bromhead, of Timberiey Farm, 

Mr RJJ. Phillips Bury, West Sussex..and .Ataran- 

and Miss CL. Semple d f“ fihler ?? d 

Tiw*' MKMiitiwni i, Peter Munro, of Old Tairyard 

Farrn.Wisborough Green. We* 

Mr S.B. Halfia 
and Miss L Siegler 
The. engagement is announced 
between Simon, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Richard Halfin, of 
Long Ditton, Surrey, and Ines. 
only daughter of the late Mr H. 
Siegler and Mr Heidi Seigler. of 
Wtttingen, West Germany. 

Mr and Mr D.F. Phillips, of 
,Kibebe Farm, Iringa. Tanzania, 
and Charlotte, younger daughter 
of Mr and Mrs R.M.G. Semple, 
of St Ann’s Cottage, Wei bum. 
North Yorkshire. 


Mr C. Rook 

and Miss JA. Tigg 

The engagement ts announced 

Mr K. Wanaingfon 
and Miss L£. Artns 
The marriage look place on July 
12. at Coinam Parish Church, 
Bristol. of Mr Keith 
Warmington, only son of Mr 

between Christopher, son of Mr |" d Warmington. of 

and Mr Roger Rook, of East r bTtr “2' M Co ?'? H ’ 2°* ft? 

Mr JJ). Hawkswell 

and Miss M.GX. Purdy 

The engagement is announced 

StuddaL Kenuand Julie, daugh- S n,y£ ^? terofM ^ 

ter of Mrand Mrs Peter Tigg, of ?" d ."^5, SP™?' Artus * of 
Ramseate. ICenL WamingJid, West Sussex. 

July 17: The Duke of Kent, a 
Liveryman of the Mercers’ 
Company, today visited The 
Whittington Centre, Rutford 
Road. London SW17. 

Captain Michael Campbell- 
Lamerton was in attendance. 

Mr H.CA. Sarre 
and Miss GJ). Hoare 

between Jonathan, only son of The engagement is announced 

Mr K. Hawkswell, and the late 
Mr K. Hawkswell, of.Skipton, 
North Yorkshire, and Monique, 
only daughter of Mr and Mis 
D.B. Broad bent, of South Mil¬ 
ford, North Yorkshire. 

between Colin, son of Mr and 
Mr Hugh Sarre, of La VaJlee, 
Pleinmonu Guernsey, and Ger¬ 
aldine. daughter of Mr and Mr 
J ohn Hoare, of Summer Wood, 
Compton, Surrey. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
aitended by Fay Wilson and 
Hannah Salvidge. Mr Ray Wil¬ 
son was best man. - 

A reception was held at 
Ellemcroft. Wotton-under- 
Edge. and the honeymoon is 
being spent abroad. 

Latest wills 

July 17: Princess Alexandra this 
afternoon visited Marconi In¬ 
struments Limited to mark the 
50th Anniversary of the Com¬ 
pany and to open the new 
factory at Six Hills Way. 
-Stevenage. Hertfordshire. 

Lady Mary Mumford was in 

Sir Henry Albert Skinner, of 
Leicester, a judge of the Queen's 

Memorial services 

Lady Diana Cooper 

Bench Division and Senior I Queen Elizabeth the Queen 

mandani Paul Louis WefBer. Court 4c 
Bondern. Mr aad Mrs James 

Presiding Judge on the Midland 
and Oxford Circuit, left estate 
valued at £2I0.7Q4 net 
Mr James Ferguson McCreath 
Hislop, of Fenwick. Berwick 
upon Tweed. Northumberland, 

Mother was represented by the 
Hon Angus Ogilvy at a me¬ 
morial service for Lady Diana 
Coo per ai Si Mary's on Padding¬ 
ton Green yesterday. 

The Rev John Foster offici- 

Farquharson.- Mr Ptilttp Zteoler. Mrs 
Non BJakrtloa. Mr John Best Mr 

Foster offici- 

left estate valued at £1,182,953 J .ated. The Marquess of Anglesey 

Michael Bum. Mr Alastalr Fortoes. Mr 
Alan Martin. Mr Peter Nevlle. Mr tan 
Findlay. Proirssor Ruin Bowden 
• representing the Prior Of the Grand 
Pr»ory or England and nemOm of the 
Priory of Si Lazarus of Jerusalem!. 
Mrs A Vanago (Italian bstUnte and 
Italian EmtMssyV Mr Stephen D 
Sinoott (Mercury Academy) and Vuld. 

Princess Anne will attend a 
dinner of the Army Benevolent 
Fund at the Royal Artillery 
Mess, Woolwich, on July 24. 
The Duke of Edinburgh will 
visit Caithness on July 25. 

net. He died intestate. 

.Mr Oswald Roderick Quilez 
Iyens, of Headcom. Kent, left 
estate valued at £819,467 net. 

read the lesson and Mr Edward 
Fox read from "Imitations of 
Immortality” by Wordsworth. 
Lord Charteris of Am is field 

Miss Margaret' Grist, of gave an address. Sir Yehudi 
Bcaconsfietd. Buckinghamshire, Menuhin played from the "Par- 

left estate valued at £845.591 

Menuhin played from the "Par- day i 
tifa in A Major” by J. S. Tiach by Fa 
and Miss Lilian Watson sang Wilbe 

The President of the Soviet 
Union is 77 today. 

A memorial service will be held 
for Major the Hon Anthony 
John Ashley Cooper on Tues¬ 
day. July 22. 1986. at St Giles's 
Church, Wimbome. St Giles. 
Dorset, at 2.30 pm. 

Latest appom 
Captain G. F. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

and Miss Lilian Watson sang 
. -lm Fruhling" by Schubert 

A . ._ . accompanied by Mr David 

Appointments Synis. piano. Father Jean 

Latest appointments indude: Oiarlcs-Roux andthe Rev John 

RN tobe An ^ rew wre robed and in the 
ar Admiral and to sanctuary. Among others 
it Second Flotilla. P rcscn * WCTK 
to Rear Admiral the hSJ 

mas on December 

tliKJiirts or Angtem. Lady Chanels 
- - - of Amttffcfcf. Mr Ourtes and Lady 

1 Katherine Karrell. Lady Bovr 
McLaren. Mr and Mrs Nicholas 
Benson. Mr and Mrs Jeremy Benson, 
ihe Hon Harold Charterlv. vbeoiiMesB 

promoted Rear Admiral and to 
be Flag Officer Second Flotilla, 
in succession to Rear Admiral 
W. R. S. Thomas on December 

30. • - 

asms, MAffllAGES. 
£4 i Gm + 1» VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 



Announcements, auihemkalcd by the 
, name and pcniunem address of the 

, name and pennanem address < 
sender, may he sent ur 

PtLFOLD Edward John to Chartoire 
EUzabeU* ne Curtb. l8Ui July 1926. 
al St Michaels Parish Church South¬ 
wark London. Lore from the family 

PQ BOX 484 
Virpaia Street 
London E! 


-or- telephoned fbv telephone 
cibeis only) w: H-4SI 3tOA 

Aimoanccmcnis can be received by 
telephone between 9.00am and 
‘ 530pm Monday to Frkby. on Satur¬ 
day between 4.00am and 12 noon. 
(OMai 4M0MM. For publication the 
fallowing day phone by 1.30pm. 

'TnrecoHnG wunuGES, hbhmss 

"cTt on Coun and Social Page CG • In 
,fc 15X VAT. 

."Court and Social Page annoonco- 
, menu can not be accepted by 
tekpbonc. Enquiries UK 01-XZ2 9SS3 
itfltr KOOam). or send ux 
t, Fuafram SM, loadH El. 

I .flax allow at lean 42 bouts before 
C^iM tea lion. 

TlnO tic dM Ihtl wtrtcti was rlgM U> ttw 
*'Opl of Uw LORD .. ang. turned DOC 
aMde to the rtgM hand or Co the ten. 
- 2 Kings 22; 2 i 


MULEV-KM 6 ■ On I 6 U 1 July, to Sa- 
•.•rah (nfe Hotrtikint and Robert, a 
-ttaughier. Laura Eltzaixth. a atsier 
for Victoria, 

‘BUTLER - On July 16th. to Carotlrw 
Titfe wmtama) and John, a daughter. 
„ Qeone Isolde. 

jafiULKLY-MAKR - On 14th July, to 
- - Colin and Merolyr (nte Lea-WUsonL 
a daughter. Skye Dorothy Ruth. 
CfOVERS - On July 16th. loStmon and 
“"Jane, a daughter. Sophie, a stster roc 

COMER - On 121b July.- to GhfcOabw 
~.ini pwer. a son. Jean-Pierre Mark 
'.Simon Odysseus. 

CQLHCOTT - On 14 July In Sydney. 
^Australia to Klm and Graham, a 
daughter. Brigitte Kerry. 
DALLV/EHMJCff - On lOUi July, at 
St Mary's HospttaL Paddington, to 
"Eraraa Dally and Richard Ehrlich, a 
. pHuqhtcT. Rebecca Ann EhrUch. 
MXOM - To Lynne (nee Oven) and 
> Oliver, on 16th July In Fribourg. 
■.-Switzerland, a son - Alexander. 
-KARDMCHAM On July 12th. at SL 
“•"Paul's. Cheltenham, to Michael and 
a daughter. Isabel, a sister for 

jftfSOM • On 12lh July, at Queen 
'LJRiary's. Roehampton. to Michael and 
"^usan trete March j. a son. Joseph 

WN6 - On July 16th. at SL Mary^. 
■Portsmouth to Julie tote Whitt) and 
aatan. a daughter. Laura Jane. 

MMJDON • On 16th July. In Edln- 
wbursh. to Honor tnee Qoodden) and. 
'vAlasdalr. a son. Joseph Wyndham 
^Buisl a brother for EltzMieUi. 

m u CRiAW - On July 15m. to Chiris- 
-Bnr tote Whtteley) and Richard, a 
*-abn. Piers Harry Frands. 

WKk - On SL Swtthum"s Day. 1986. 

Jenny <nte Cfldersoty and Mark, a 
‘"^faughter. Sarah Katharine, a sister 
;Tj)r Robin. 

QjMSEY - On July 16 Ul to Barbara 
■^and Vivian, a son. Jamed Thomas, a 
^brother for Helen. NkJwias and 

SHELLEY '■ On 16th July, to Norman 
"Hand Serpu. an exauisiUty beautiful. 
''•BSby gill. Taiya Patricia. ■ 

-SHEPPARD - on July nth. at UuMja- 
-na. Yugoslavia to Milena and Peter 
--Sheppard, a son. tenieL a brother 
■'■for Lara. 



^uly. 1936 at SL George's Church. 
^CamtOTtev. Surrey. Peter Lysoos. 
■JJeut. Goramander Royal Navy, to 
'-^Marguerite Patriaa. Now at, 
ttedigair. Argyll 

ANDERSON - On 15lh July, after a 
short Illness. Mary ReM. rider daugh¬ 
ter of ihe late James Anderson of 
FeHimorea Farm. Old Harlow. The 
Funeral Service is at St Ntchotas 
Church. ChWehursL Kent Tuesday 
29th July at 2.00pm. followed by 
private cremation. Family flowers 
only please. Donations. If desired.'to 
The British Heart Foundation. 
Langthome Hospital. Langthome 
Road. London Ell. 

BROOKE - On July 12th. 1986. SUd- 
denly al Weston-Super-Mare General I 
Hospital. Angela Carole of Atworth. | 
Wills. Funeral Service al SL Mary 
Abbots Church. Kensington on ! 
Thursday. July 24th at 2.30 pm. tel- ; 
lowed by private cremation- All | 
flowers and enquiries please to JJ4. 
Kenyon Lid. 49 Mari nes Ro ad. Lon¬ 
don W8. teE 01-957 0757. 

CRAWSHAW On 16Ui July 1986 sud¬ 
denly in London of Ain tree. 
Liverpool 10. Lord Richard 
Crawshaw beloved husband of Lady I 
Audrey Crawshaw. Service at St 
Giles Church. Aintree. on Thursday 
24ih July at 2.30pm cremation fol¬ 
lowing at Thornton crematorium. 
Family flowers only please, but If de¬ 
sired donations lo NSPQC or.Ihe 
LTD. 109 Uverpool Rd. Crosby: Liv¬ 
erpool 23 l TO 061 924 4805- 

4e CLERMONT : On July 16th. in her 
76th year, at her home In Chelsea. 
Phyllis (Mary ArinL beloved wtfe of 

Geoffrey and mother of Stephen. An- 
drt and Anna. Funeral Service wtB 
be private, family only, but any do¬ 
nations. if desired, to the Royal 
Marsden Hospital Cancer Fund. 203 
Fulham Road. London SW3 6JJ. 

HAMILTON - On July 15th. lain. 
author and foumallsL at Rocttford , 
HospttaL Essex, after, a short Ittoess. 
Beloved husband of Jean, loving 
father of Alasdalr and Anna, and 
grandfather to Tristan. Sam. Laura , 
and Sarah. Funeral Service on Tues¬ 
day. July 99b d at 2.16 pm at SL 
Margaret's. LeJgb-oo-Sea. followed 
by private cremation. Famityftowm 
only. Memorial Service In London to 
be announced later. 

NAMMONMAViES - On Sunday. 
July 13th 1986; peacefully at 
Newbury District HospttaL Amy 
39e«r 88 years, widow of the late 
Lieutenant Colonel Bernard Haro- 
mond-Davies. MXL Greatly missed 
by family and friends. Funeral Ser¬ 
vice 19 at 230 pm in St John's 
Church. Newbury, on Monday. July 
2lst 1986. Enquiries to Turner 
Brothers. 15 Hampton Road. Tel: 
Newbury <0655) 41616. 

HARTLEY.- On 10th July. 1986. 
peacefully la hospitaL Diana Hartley. 
S.R.N.. SXLM.. aged 91 years, for- 
meny of Queen Alexandra's Court 
Wimbledon. Sadly missed by all of 
her family and friends. Funeral Ser¬ 
vice at GuOdford Crematorium an 
Thursday. 24th July at 11.00 am. 
AH enquiries to J. Gorrlnge & San. 
55 Hare Lane. F a rncombe. 
GodBlmlng. Sumcy Id. (04868) 

NESELTON - On 16lh .Italy. 1986. 
peacefully in hospital. Donald Ed¬ 
ward. dearly toveriftatoer of Beryl 
Evelyn. Agnes ami Mary. Funeral 
Service at GoWere Green Crematori¬ 
um hi Wednesday. 23rd July at 2.00 
. iHh. Flowers may be sent to Levenoii' 
& Sons. 624 Flmsaey Rottd. NWU. 
SiKM Ida . L&y tote Stuart) - On 
17th" Jnly. 1986. peacefully after a 
short Olness. al the Countess of Ches¬ 
ter Hospital. Widow, of the late 
Harold Jenkins and mother of Brian 
and Hilary. Funeral Sendee al SL 
James" Church. Chrisdeun on Tues¬ 
day. 22nd July al 11.30 am. 

JEWELL - On 14th July 1986. al 
Devofda House. Ydverton: Ann. 
wtfe of Philip and mother of 
Mafchew. Funeral Service at SL 
Paul's. Yrivertan. 1.30pm. 2lst 
July. No flowers pl e a se donations to 
Multiple Sclerosis Society. 25 EHIe 
(toad. London SW6 1YZ. 

WAFTHinf - On -Jttfy 10th.. 1986, 
peacefully, at Hove. Pam John, aged 
94 years, beloved father of Reginald. 
Requiem Mass at The Church Of the 
Sacred Heart. Hove, on Tuesday. 
July 22nd at 10 suu. FTowera to 
Alin* & Kent Limited. 108 Outre h 
Road. Hove. 

WELLOR Sir John Serocold Paget 
Meilor. Bart. On 15lh Juty 1986 at 
home aged 93. Very dearly loved 
husband of Jessica and lather of 
John Frands. Funeral private, no 
‘ memorial service at Ms special 

NUTT • On 14th July 1986. In 
Lyndngton. Ruth Sumner (’Robin') 
aged 87. widow of Brigadier W.G-R- 
NuK (late RX). Funeral al Bourne¬ 
mouth Crematorium on Wednesday. 
23rd July 2J0 pm. Enquires to Dia¬ 
mond & son. F.D.. Lymlngton Tel 
10590) 72060. 


M JeaiT Noel de La Caste * represent¬ 
ing the- French Ambassador). Laura 
Durhrs*' of Marlborough. Margaref 
Durness of Argyll, the Earf of 
Drogheda, vtscountess Camrose. 
Dowager Viscountess Hambiedoft. vis¬ 
count and viscountess Esher. Dows 
grr Lady EgremoiU. Lord Sberfleid. 
Lord and. Lady Dacre of Glanlon. Lord 
and Lady Hutchinson of LulUmflon. 
Lord Zurkerman. OM. and Lady 
Ztsckerman. Lady Thoroeycrpn. Lord 
and Lady Gladwyn. Jacouetlne Lady 
KUk-am. Lord and Lady Annan. Lady 
Ellon. Lady Lamb ion. 

The Hon John jom/fe. the Hon 
Harry Wyndham. Uie Hon Mrs Robert 
Watson. I he Hon Lady Unday oJ 
Dowhill. the Hon Sir Steven 
Runet man. the Hon Alan and Mrs 
Hare, the Hon Mrs Cazalet, the Hon 
Mrs Morgan. Jane Lady Abdy. Sylvia 
Lady Wilkinson. Helen .Cady 
Dash wood. Lady d'Avtgdor-GoMsmJd. 
Sir Edward Hut Ion a 

Sir Room Hooper. Sir - -- 

Sr FredCrtch Ashton. OM. CH. Sir 
featah Berlin. OM. Sir Peru! and Lady 
Wrtghl. Sir Alan Campbell. Lady 
Menuhin. Lady rEdgarj Bonham- 
Carter. Lady BagriU. Sir Ashley and 
Lady Clarice. Sir william Keswick. Sir 
Brooks and.Lady Richards. Lady Hail. 
Mr Michael ana Lady Anne Tree. Mr 
Julian and Lady Catherine Amery. 
Mrs Edward Fox. Mr and Mrs John 

Mr John SUfford-Moule. Mr 
Charm Duff. Mr Charles Farrell. Mr 
and Mrs Peter Levi. Mr Hugh Geddes. 
Mrs Ronald Tree. Mr* Nicholas 
Baring. Mr and Mrs James Lecs- 
MHne. Mrs Kenneth Ray. Mr and Mrs 

OAKLEY Rita-- On 14th July 1986. al 
home with her family. Funeral at SL 
Mary's Church. Whitchurch on Mon¬ 
day. 2lst Juty at 2.30 pm. No 
Bowers please but donations 10 
'RJB.H. 150th Appeal Fund*. c/O Dr 
Bunting. Royal Berkshire Hospital. 

- Reading.- 

PIATT . on Wednesday. I 6 U 1 July 
1986.. peacefully al tils home. 
Sydney WUUam. husband of the late 

- Ivy Plait -and father of Geoffrey. 
Maureen and Anthony. Private fam¬ 
ily funeral only. No flowers please. 

ROACH - On July 13th. swiftly after a Baring. Mr and Mrs James Lees- 
long and brave right against cancer, c ^ 

Richard Orev iOe IPjdO. aged TO R^an. Mr Desmond Monti. Mr Derek 
years. Formerly with E.E.V. Chefims- HUl. Mr Humphrey Brooke. Mr Klaus 

ford: Sadly missed by ha wife Hilary I von Buiow, Mr Mark unman. QC. 

and dautfoleis Ruth. Ann and Susan. 
Funeral Service at St Mary^s 
Church. Great Baddow on Monday. 
July 2i»t ai 2. IS pm. followed by 
private cremation. Family flowers 
only- Donations, tf dedred. to 
' Chelmsford Hospice Appeal, c/o T. 
Pennack-A Sons. 3 Makton Road. 
Great Baddow. Chelmsford CM2 


ROB E RT S . CM July 13th. 1986. 
peacefully to hospllal. John Malcolm 
of- felpham. Sussex, formerly of 
Rladcheath. beloved father of Oliver. 
Susan, and Shirley. Cremation at 
Chichester Crematorium on Mon¬ 
day. Juty 21st at 3^0 pm. Family 
Rowers only. 

and Mrs Uttman. Mr Colin Mann and 
Mrs Iris Banham-Lee. Mr Anthony 
Beevor. Mr and Mrs Hamah Hamit 
Ion. Mrs Hugo Charteris. Mr John 
Drummond. Mr and Mrs R Lane-Fox. 
Mr Peter Queoneil. Mr P Trevor- 
Roper. - _ 

Mr Michael Heathcoie-Amory. Mr 
Julian Berkley. Mr Donald Wylie. 
Countess de la BeraudJere. Com- 

Lord Rttssefl of KDlofrao - 
The Lord Chancellor gave an 
address at a memorial Requiem 
Mass for Lord Russeir of 
Killowen celebrated on Wednes¬ 
day in Westminster Cathedral 
by Father Alastair Russell. Lord 
Wilberforce and Mr Michael 
Wheeler. QC, Treasurer of 
Lincoln's Inn. read the lessons. 
The Lord Chief Justice and 
Lady Lane attended and others 
present included: 

Lady Russell of Kiuowen iwWowX the 
Hon Valentine Russell and toe Hon 
Damian Russell (sons). Dr and the Hon 
Mrs Harlan LUman 1 son-in-law and 
daughter). Miss Arabel ADfrey. Mrs 
Michael Watt and Mr Charles AlUVey 
< grand children). Mr and Mrs Charles 
LJughlonScoU oiepson and step- 
dauqtuer ln lawi. Mr Oliver Cauetuon- 
Scott mepsonL Mr and Mrs Robert 
Lamb. Mr and Mrs Domtnic Richard¬ 
son. Mr Nicolas Bralza. Mr Gregory 
Bratza. Mr and Mrs Bryan Ella. Lucy 
and Toby □!«. Sir Charles and La<hr 
Russell. Mr and Mrs Charles Russet]. 
Mr Robin Hartley RusseU. Mr and Mrs 
Cyril Russet). Mrs J A AUfrey. Mis R 

Lady HaUsham of St Marytebcne. 
Lady Wilberforce. Lord and Lady 
Benson. Lord Oliver. Lord Mackay of 
Oashfem. QC Lord Dtmbayne. Lord 
and Lady Goff of Chlevefcy. Lord and 
Lady RoskilL Lady Bridge of Harwich. 
Lord and Lady ShuUieworth. Lord 
aad Lady Brandon of OaLbrook. Lord 
Edmund-Davies. Lord Brlghlfnan. 
Lady RawUnson of Ewell. Lord and 
Lady CrifTilh*. Lady RemnanL Lord 
Te m p u- man. Lord Justice Ackner. 
Lord Justice Kerr. Lord Justice and 
Lady Neill. Lord Justice and Lady 
Fox. Lord Justice May. Lord Justice 
and Lady Purchas. Lord Justice 
O'Connor. Lord Justice Croom-Joim- 
son. Lord Justice and Lady Nourse. 

Sir Robert Megariy. Sir Edward 
EveleJgh. Lady Prudence Louden, the 
Hon L H O Cohen. Ihe Hon May 
». toe Hon Gerard Nod. Srr 
onus Mllmo. Sir Prier and Lady 
Webster. Mr Justice and Lady Waite. 
Sir John Wilson. Air Chief Marshal 
Sir Thomas and Lady Pnckett. Mr 
Justice Walton, Mr Justice Swtrton 
and Lady Thomas. Mr Justice, and 
Lady Hirst. Mr Justice Noun. Mr 
justice jupp. Mr Justice Michael and 
Lady Davies. Sir Charles Flelcher- 
coo*t QC. Lady (PeterJ Fosier. Lady 
Cobb. Lady Hutchison. Lady Slade. 
Lady Lochnfcs. Lady Mokiny. Mr and 
IheHon Mrs Peter Brown. 

His Honour Bernard Clllto. QC-His 
Honour Neil McKinnon. QC. and Mrs 
McKinnon. Judge Pownail. QC. Judge 
Head. Hb Honour Edward Clarke. 
QC. Judge J P Harris. QC. and Mrs 
Harris. Father Edwin Sass. SJ (sresi- 
dent. Beaumont Union). Mr R M 
Whedbee (represen Ung toe Captain of 
ihe west Sussex GoU dub). Mbs 
*arol Elite. QC. (edtlor. T *r Lnr 
q>nd Mr Richard Hayward (The 
Bar Golfing Society). Mrs Michael 
Wheeler. Mr Hilary Magnus. QC. and 
Mrs Magnus. Captain P M Carver. 
Mrs Francis Malhew, Mr Charles 
Mathew. Mr and Mrs Antho 
BarTowclough. Mr P W E 
and Mr E G Nugee. QC. 


HM Goveraraent 
Mr Richard Luce. Minister of, 
State, Privy Council Office, was 
host at a luncheon held yes¬ 
terday at Admiralty House in 
honour of the Chinese Ambas- 





TeI- vlS 

only' daughter of Mr and Mrs Saturday, July 12 . at St John 
Michael Marshall, of East Baptist Church. Penshurat, ■ of 
Brabourae. KenL" Mr Philip Bennett, elder sod of 

Mr JTl (Wnnmi Mr and Mrs W.P.E,• Barnett, 

Mrs rvioira vaugnan, or Saturday, July 1 A at me LJiurcn 
Grenofen. I The Abbey Woods, of the Sacred Heart. Petworth,- 
BaJlanard Road, Douglas, Isle of of James, son of M^jor J. 

Lord Booth by, the colourfhl 
Conservative politician wiitse 
career was a feilure only in 
relation to its potential, and 
who was better known than 
many more successful con¬ 
temporaries, dial on July 16 
at the age of 86. . 

Thowh he never held the 
hig h office which his admirers 
had prophesied for iuzn as 
long ago as the 1 920s, he was a 
courageous fighter for the 
causes in which he believed, 
and he brought to his cam¬ 
paigning exceptional talent as 
a public speaker. ■ 

Fear of being in a minority 
never daunted him, and he 
was often farsighted, though 
he sometimes lacked judg¬ 
ment. Even in defeat and 
frustration be never lost 

Robert John Graham 

ly resigned the office of parlia¬ 
mentary secretary to the 
Ministry of Food, .to which ■- 
Qiuidull had appointed him, 
and became instead-a junior 
officer m the RAF. 

“Altogether”, said Chur¬ 
chill, “it is a heartbreaking:, 
business”: But Boothby hint- 
seif never ceased to feel that , 
Churchill had needlessly 
sacrificed himj parfly out’of . 
resentment of fris closoassod- 
ation with Lloyd. Geofgeit 
!was certainly most unfortu¬ 
nate that die services of so^ 

energetic and Rented a man ' 

should have been denied to- 
the country, as a minister, at a. 
time of supimne; national; 

He made the best ofhis time 
in the RAF^and was prompt- . 
ed adjutant- to a bomber 
squadron. But when tfe re- 


Boothby was bom on Febru- systematic hard work and self- tinned to parliamentary life ui- 
ary 12, 1 900,-the only son of censorship of a responsible 1942 his position had under- . 
Sir Robert Tuite Boothby, of career in party politics: The gone a change. . The air of. 
Beech wood, Edinburgh, and National GovexnmentOfl 931 infinitepromise had departed:-. 

Beech wood, Edinburgh, and 
Mabel, daughter of H. H. 
Lancaster. He was educated at 
Eton, joined the Guards 
Training Battalion in 1918, 
and after the war went up to 
Magdalen College, Oxford.- He 
took his BA in 1921, travelled, 
entered the chambers of Wal¬ 
ter Monckton to read for the 
bar, “ran away” to stand for 
Orkney and Shetland in 1923, 
and narrowly missed winning 
the seat for the Conservatives. 

This was decisive. In the 
general election of the follow¬ 
ing year he stood for East 
Aberdeenshire, and in win¬ 
ning it acquired a constituency 
of strongly Liberal tradition, 
which was to sustain him 
through thick and thin until he 
went to the House of Lords in 

He would always describe 
himself even in later years as 
a “ Lloyd George radical” but 
by the time he arrived in 
Parliament, in 1924, Lloyd 
George was out of office and 
destined never to return. It 
was a very different figure - 
Stanley Baldwin - who opened 
the door to Boothby by way of 
his private secretariat; arid it 
was in a. House of Commons 

was to him no saving grace, 
but a' coalition of those ele¬ 
ments in all parties of which 
he least approved; and his 
disapproval never abated. - 
After 1929, he gave unre- 

aone- a change. . The air of. 
infinite promise had .departed. -;; 
What was left was the individ- '. 
uafc gallant and ebullient ps 
ever, and still, when be chose/. 
the master of ihe House , bf: 
Commons. His oppositions^ " 
the American loan in late 1345 .. 

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served allegiance to no politi- inspired a fitting -'speech.' in. 
cal leader, though his charm his best manner. - . 7 . . . 
and bi^i spirits kept him on - He returned to. a. sfeimnsh- 
peisonal terms witii most of ing role, flailing both *'sides 
them. The question of India more or lessimpartiaUy. espe- 
began to divide him -even dally when .it was' a~question 
from Churchil], whose cam- of the beef, the oals and die 
paign against any increasing herring which were the fiveti- 

DiU‘ ‘ n»-.' w 

.. I—J*l‘ * - - 


measure oflndiail self-govera- hood of his Buchan constihi- 
ment absorbed him in the ents. Abroad, he was active-in 

tfe P^^r.-rs 

f ■ " J 

V -1,1.(0 

early 1930s. 

the cause of a 

It was not until Hitler came taking a prominen t parLin'ffie 
to power in 1933 that the Coundl of' Europe from; its 
courses of the two again began inception at - SUasbourg' in' 

to converge. Boothby had met 
the Fiihrer the previous year. 

-1949. • •: 

At the same. time, a'new 

U* ‘ Ll.lg P lit 

• i't-l?* * 

S « > ; H 

g&ri y? *«■ 

and had returned full of career opened-Tdevisionpre^ 
foreboding. Soon afterwards, sented himfoimillions,.who 

jiaiiiiw- sa>ts—. •• 

^ *•-? K %'\u 

he wamea ms consatuents succumbed to the- boyish 
that the first essential was to ’ charm, the mane of grey hair; 
bring the RAF up to a one- and the. sudden smile as 

power standard, and to an¬ 
nounce that, if compelled to 
do so, we should meet arma¬ 
ments with armaments. 

Almost inevitably, granted 
his political character, he de¬ 
nounced the Munich settle¬ 
ment; abstained from voting 

dominated alternately by BaL on the Government motion 
dwin and Ramsay MacDon- which called upon' the Corn- 
aid that the young dandy of mons to approve it; -and 

readily as. fellow politicians, m, 
all parties had been dtnng for 
years. In fact he became av 
television star and revelled in 
the role. Iri. 1957, he-tbpped 
the poll foir election to the : 
Rectorship of' St Andrews . 

: hi .1953 he was mtxfe KBE 

the new Toryism was to make 
his way for a decade or more. 
TTie year of his maiden 

which called upon' the Com- on Churchill's recommenda- 
mons to approve it; nnd tjoru a sop to omsole him fmr 

immediately afterwards made .continued exclusion froirhof- 
a strong speech in the debate flee. When Lord Stockton 

on the Address, advocating a 

speetft, 1925, saw the return of Ministry of Supply and a 
Britain to the gold standard of Ministry of National Service, 
which the General Strike of This was the dimax of the 

2926 seemed to him a direct 

Soon afterwards, he was 
appointed PPS to Winston 
ChurchilL with whom he was 
thereafter to have a close but 
chequered relationship-' With 
the defeat of the Conserva¬ 
tives in 1929, Boothby found 
himself playing an increasing¬ 
ly lone hand. His personal life 
had already taken, on .the 
pattern of an endless round of 
travel and social activity, 
which was hardly to vary 
through the years. He was an 
intimate in the. cirde of Sir 
Philip Sassoon, with whose 
instinct for the romantic and 
the spectacular he felt a natu¬ 
ral affinity. 

most consistent and coura- 

(tfaen Harold Macmillan) be¬ 
came prime minister in 1957, 
Boothby was hopeful of high 
office - strangely, because be 
had earlier done Macmillan a 

geous political campaign of graveirersonal wimig. He had 

his career. 

What followed ' was less 
happy.. In January, 1939, he 
opened negotiations on behalf 
of certain friends whose assets 
in Czechoslovakia were 
threatened by Nazi seizure. 
Thus began the tortuous and 
equivocal affair of “the Czech 
assets" which was to lead to 
investigation by the House of 
Commons in the autumn of 

to be content with ihfe life 
peerage conferred on him* in. 
1958; -V 

In the House of Lords he 

a^feed-by his tSSjaunty 
combfctiVeness, and. by. an 
unremitting iriterest. in the 
causes that meant most to 
him. such as European unity. 

The- arts were always' a 
special interest of his. He was 

commons in me autumn oi special interestot his. Me was 
1940, and to his resignation of chairman of the Royal Phil- 
office the following January. harmonic Orchestra from 

The main details belong to 
the period of financial confu¬ 
sion which followed the sei¬ 
zure of - Prague by the 
Germans in March, .1939, 

He often visited the Conti-' when. Czech assets in this 
nent, particularly Germany, country woe blocked. The 

where he could indulge his 
passion for Wagner and Mo¬ 
zart. He was among those who 
believed that a European ac¬ 
cord might have been reached 
under the Weimar Republic. 
But with the onset or world 
depression in the late 1920s 
Boothb/s hopes of a stable 

select committee, after exam¬ 
ining many witnesses, came to 
the conclusion that Boothby 
had undertaken to render 

cord might have been reached certain political services on 
under the Weimar Republic, the understanding that a sub- 
But with the onset of world stantiai sum of money would 

j___: ^i_ _ 1 —*_ i mn. • • a *_ ■ • __ •_ i %_• 

1961 to 1963 and a founder 
member of the RPO Associa? 
tion. He was also vice-presi¬ 
dent of the Deli us Society and, 
besides being a frequent, news¬ 
paper contributor,, wrote, a 
number of. books. The. New 
Economy .(2943); I Fighl-to 
Live (1947) and My Yesterday, 
Your Tomorrow (1962). . 

In 1978, he .published 
Boothby; Recollections . of a 
Rebel which gave rise to series 
of letters in The Times taking^ 
him to task for saying that; 
Churchill bad a streak of 

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depression in the late 1920s be paid to him; and that his him to task for saying that 
Boothb/s hopes of a stable condua was “contrary to the Churchill had a streak of 
Europe steadily receded, and usage and derogatory to the cruelly, and that when he 
he was among the first to dignity of the House . returned to office in 1951 he 

foresee the danger of a reac- He strenuously denied the was “ga-ga” 
ponary, military dictatorship motive of financial interest, Boothby was twice married: 
in Germany. and always afterwards con- first, in 1935, to Diana Caven- 

tab. ... ^■ifuaues. 


All this was more consistent tended that the procedure by 
with the life of a political select committee in a case of 
freelance skirmishing on the this kind was prejudicial to the 

was ga-ga .. 

Boothby was twice married: 
first in 1935, to Diana Caven¬ 
dish (a marriage that, ended m 


back benches, than with the accused. However, he instant- 


Claire Watson, one of the she sang her first Arabella, in 
leading lyric sopranos of the English, at New . Orleans’in 

select committee in a case of divorce two years laterj and, 
this kind was prejudicial to the secondly, in 1967; to Wanda 

Sanna, who survives him. 

SALLAI ■ On Jidy 13Ui 1986. sudden- hOROUr Of Hie CUlDCSC Af 
ty. Anne aged 94 yews. Moved wtfe sador and Mme Xia Heng. 
of Uielale U CoJoruN CTiarfeq SallaL - 
deaiUr loved and affecUonatety re- Institute of Heraldic and 
mottoere* by Rat and jack Knott Genealogical Studi es 

Major-General Viscount 
Tuesday. July 22nd al 11.40 am. Monckton of Brenchley. PreSI- 
Famiiy Oowm only please. deni of the Institute of Heraldic 

Sr Peter Mettawar. OM. FRS. senior 
research fellow of lbe coiteoe. 19*4- 
46. to an honorary fellowship. 

_ , _ I and Genealogical Studies, pre- 

Sided atthecsanvocation luo- 

. The Witney Community Hospital. 
Annie Rebecca Mary, aged 92 years, 
of The Post House. Alvescot. Qxon. 
Funeral service lo take place at 
Klngsdown Crematorium. Swindon. 

cm Wednesday. July 23rd al 2 JOpm. 

Floral tributes to: Taylor & Son. 
Corbett Road. Carterton. 

cheon of the institute heldai the 
Charing Cross Hotel yesterday 
and presented the Julian 
Bickersteth Memorial Medal to 
Archbishop Bruno Hetzn. 

WALKER - on Thursday. 17th July 
1986. after a tragic Ulness. Hugh 
Walker, late of Malta and more re¬ 
cently of Majorca and St Claire 
Terrace. Troon. Much loved hus¬ 
band of Eve Ittee Shanks) and father 
of Ronald and Tony- Funeral Service 
at Mason HIU Crematorium. By Ayr 
on Tuesday. 22nd July at 3.00 p_m. 

WARREN - On Jnly 14th. suddenly. 
Richard Pelham, formerly Consul¬ 
tant Surgeon at Epptog and Harlow 
HospttaL Beloved husband of Mary 
and father or Caroline. Christopher. 
Penotopeand Kate. Abo grandfather 
of wnuam. Alma and Roland. Fu¬ 
neral-on Monday. July 2lst al-SL 
John’s Church. Epptog.- Essex at 2.00 
pm. Garden flowers for church 
please or donations to the Abbey 
FthnSodety. 100 Hemnal Street. Ep- 
ptog. Essex.. 


WEAIHKG Ian. on July 15to. 1986. 
suddenly at the Middlesex HospttaL 
London. AD enquiries to Ann 
BOflhenr A Sons. SLGUes street 

University Women’s Clab 
The centenary year of the 
University Women’s Club be¬ 
gan with a reception held at 2, 
Audley Square, Mayfair, yes-, 
terday. Mrs Elizabeth Parsons, 
chairman, presided and Miss 
Muriel Arbus. Mrs Eve Becher 
and Dr Grace Thornton also 



IdMEY- A Memorial Service win he 
held for Mr D- J- Tierney to the Uni¬ 
versity Ouuctrof Christ toe Klnp. 
Gordon Square. London wci on Fri¬ 
day. 17th October at noon. 

Carmen's Company ; 

Princess Anne. Saiior Warden’ 
of the Carmen's Company, was 
among the speakers at a dinner 
held last night at Stationers' 
HalL MrO. Sunderland. Master, 
Mr Alderman B. G . Jenkins, Mr 
T. L Begley, Mr M. Dunn -and 
Mr R. Huram also spoke. 

Birthdays today 

1960s and early 1970s, noted 
particularly, for her singing as 
the heroine in Richard 
Strauss's operas, died on July 
16 at the age of 59. 

Watson studied at the East¬ 
man School of Music in New 
York and numbered Elisabeth 
Schumann among her teach¬ 
ers before going to study at the 
Amsterdam Conservatory. 
She made her debut at Graz, 
as early as 2 95J, as Desdemo- 
na in Otellcr, but, returning to 
America soon afterwards, she 
did not sing in public for the 
next three years. 

In 1955, she was auditioned 
in Frankfort by Solti, who 
engaged her for the opera 
there. During her first season 
she sang 12 new roles. But her 
international career really be¬ 
gan when she became a mem¬ 
ber of the Bavarian Slate 
Opera at Munich in 1958. 
That year she sang the Count¬ 
ess in Figaro at the opening of 
the rebuilt Cuvillies Theatre, 
and in 1963, when the Nation¬ 
al Theatre re-opened with Die 
Meistersinger ; she was Eva. 

Watson appeared at Covent 
Garden at various- times be¬ 
tween 1958 and 1972, making 
a Special impression as Ellen 

she sang her first Arabella, in 
English, at New. Orleans’in 
1969; and made her New.York 
debut as Ariadne in a Carnegie 
Hall concert performance the 
same year. 

Her voice was dear and 
silvery in quality. Her singing 
was enhanced by her sincere 
and charming stage presence 
and by her considerable ability 
as an actress. She was a 
masterly exponent of the bit¬ 
ter-sweet quality found in the 
Strauss heroines, capturing- 
the essence of their sensuous, 
potently feminine character. 

On record, she sang Ellen 
Orford in the composer’s re¬ 
cording of Peter Grimes, a 
performance that gives a good 
idea of her virtues. 

She retired from the stage in” 
1976. She is survived by her 
husband, the American tenor, 
David Thaw. 




Mr IVlaurice H. Blinkeu, the 
New York lawyer who found¬ 
ed the American Palestine 
Institute al the end of the 
Second World War, died ori 
July 13. He was 86. 

Under Blmken’s direction, 
the institute initiated, and 
financed'a report in 1946 

Claire Motte. the French' 
ballerina whose com manding - 
personality inspired-the cre¬ 
ation of many new roles, died ' 
in Paris- on July 15. She was 
48. • 

Mo tie was born at Belfort in 
the east of France, one Decem¬ 
ber 21,. 1937. She entered the 
Paris Opera ballet school 
when she was 10 and, by the 
age of 23, had attained -the,' 
highest rank in the company, 
that of Etoile. 

She danced the big classical 
roles, including a much-ac- • 
claimed interpretation of the 
Queen of the Wilis iti-Giselle, 
but her exceptionally strong 
technique and striking person¬ 
ality were particularly suited . 
to. such character roles as the- - 
virtuoso lead in Etudes. - - 

Serge Lifer,'Roland Petit 
and others created many roles . 
for her, "of which her-most 
famous was the icily dramatic . 
Esmereida in PcziCs Notre - 
Dame de Paris. Yet sbe alsa 
brought grace to lyrical ballets, 
among them Les Sylphides.h: \ 

7n recognition of her serriee 
to the art, she was appointed 
Chevalier of the Legion of : 



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ft. / 1 "dJai -" * 

! V -l U5 0 

! hv-j J”tr. t , 1 ^” 

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. ^ - iizl 1-^ . .. -<3s 53 

Mr Richard . Branson. 36: Sir Orford in Peter Grimes as 
Anthony Cpx. 71; MrG. H. G. Sieglinde, and as the Countess 

Ewan, 67-Mr Nick Faldo, 29; JSPPg* cam f to ,^ R 9? 

entitled Palestine :' Problem Honour in 1972* At the age of 
and Promise, which 40, -obliged to retire under 
assertedthe economic viabflhy Paris Opera Ballet rules,' die* 
of an independent. ■ Jewish turted to running her <iwii 

i . R uL!-i ■ ' . 

• i 


■ ; 

Geofeey Harrison. 78; Opera House in 1971 She 

Professor H. L A. Hart, 79; Mr appeared at the Glyndebourae 

n. -j _ i-i. tr: _ i ■ I Ciuif.'.ml men _ 

David Heroery 42; Vice-Ad- Festival in I960 as the 
miralSir.LouisLeBaiUy, 71; Mr Marschaltin and she -was 
.Denis Lillee, 37; Mr Anthony much admired at the Salzburg 


FTOm 1939 to 1951, be 
represented the interests of 
Marks & Spencer in the 
United States' 

in memoriam - private I Eton dinner 

Mites, sg Je Hon Gordon Festival as a Mozartian, her 
Palmer, 6& Mr Richard Pasco, m |~ h-: n . rWsn M 

.Sir John GSerocoM P^t) 
Mellon, Bt, Conservative MP 
for the Tam worth Division of 
Warwickshire from 1935 fo 
1945 and the Sutton Coldfield 

STEVENSON - Catherine, to lowing 
memory, 3rd March 1907 18th 
■ July 1975. Always remembered - 
Kathleen ^dd Joe- 

H. K. Present 

Dr H. K. Prescot’s old boys 
dined at Boodle’s last night. Dr 
Prcscot was in the chair. 

if. u.. n h as- c:, the Countess. 

Mr Hugh Stephenson, 48; Sir 
James Stormonth Darling. 68; 
Mr P. Ensor Walters, 74; Or B. 
C. L Weedon, 63. 

She also made guest appear- 

balfet school-./ 

In 1983,-. Rudolf Nureyev; - . 

the director of the' Opera ' 

Ballet, asked her to rejoin' asL j - . 

ballet mistress* and. hefstf ^1— 
grat store by her inielligsktoe' 
and knowledge. f: 


ances in Vienna, Berlin. Italy Division from 1945 to 1955 
and. foe United States, where j died on July 15. ile was 91 - 

^MrTfoffiasrTayler "p 
Shaw, headmaster ofV 
■KingV School, Macdesfiefcfc^'' 
from "19^ to 1966, died vti - -' 
July. 8- HcJvasSS ^. V , 


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to live 

Secnt filming is usually more 
®«=rtn« for the camerman 
Own file viewer. Unless Lady 
Lock IS uncannily beni g n, the 
forbidden fruits torn out to be 
jimpy shots from a moving car 
which have a habit of showing 
life going on as normal. 

Last night’s TV Eye 
( Thames), on life in the black 
townships of Cape Town, was 
accompanied by some urgent 
““■““tyr fn>» its reporter, 
Julian Manyon. While this 
conveyed what it was like for 
nun to beat the reporting 
restrictions — and there is no 
aonbtmg the courage of his 
team—it did not totally convey 
what life was like for those 
who have to live with them. 
Despite Manyon's three 
weeks under cover (he only 
used a private telephone once), 
we learnt and we watched little 
that was new. 

Some of the footage id State 
of Emergency revealed the 
wasteland of the four squatter 
camps following the May riots 
against the radical black Com¬ 
rades. In the silence and over 
the puddles came sounds of 
someone hammering and of a 
bird. “I've got nowhere to 

S '... no money”, said one of 
e 70,000 refugees. The gov¬ 
ernment which is thought to 
have abetted the riots, has 
< given nothing except an inky 
stamp on the hand for those 
arrested and then cleared of 
suspicion. Instead, it points 
towards the remote township 
of Khyletsha, 35 kilometres 

Manyon's team did well to 
film Khyletsha. This “con¬ 
trolled squat” is the best 
.indication yet of what the 
authorities envisage for the 
Cape Town homeless. There is 
no electricity, save for a flood¬ 
light which at night shines 
over the compound with its 
communal tap and. poor drain¬ 
age. I doubt if the RSPCA 
would let you keep vermin in 
such conditions, yet its occu¬ 
pants have to pay a develop¬ 
ment fee. 

The blacks interviewed ex¬ 
pressed angry bewilderment 
rather than fear. “Whether 
you take a spoon and eat, you 
don't know if you’re right or 
wrong”, said the mother of a 
boy who bad disappeared after 
being beaten in a van and then 
savaged by a -police dog. 
Trevor Manuel, the white 
secretary of the Up^ted Demo¬ 
cratic Front — and. one the 
most wanted men- in ~ Cape 
Town — envisaged' another 
decade of even harsher repres¬ 
sion. Noting from its moving 
car the “unquenchable” spirit 
of the repressed, TV Eye left 
no doubt such men and women 
are prepared for the wait 
In his second programme on 
Cabinet government, All the 
Prime Minister’s Men (Chan¬ 
nel 4), Peter Hennessy slowed 
down and improved with a 
sharpish look at how Mrs 
Thatcher has eroded the spirit 
of collective responsibility. 
Building up his papier mach£ 
image, Hennessy culled perti¬ 
nent one-liners from a stream 
of policy advisers and dissatis¬ 
fied former colleagues. The 
result was like a murder note 
written with letters cut from 
different newspapers, but the 
message was plain enough. 






The question on many lips' at 
the Coliseum on Wednesday 
was “Is this really Natalia 
Makarova’s last perform¬ 
ance?". The only possible 
answer is “perhaps”. A few 
months ago 1 she announced 
that she 1 would not appear 
again in. ballet, but Peter 
Schaufuss managed to talk her 
into agreeing to this one 
farewell performance in 


The clown with 
magical gifts 

Hannah and Her 
Sisters (15) 

Odeon Leice ster Square 

Secret Admirer (15) 
Cannon Charing Cross 

Today Woody Allen stands alone, 
one of the lew great individualists of 
motion picture history. No director 
since Chaplin has achieved such 
autonomy in his picture-making. 
Allen controls every aspect of his 
< films, down to advertising and 
distribution: with Ze/ig he exasper¬ 
ated the laboratories by personally 
supervising the hand-scratching of 
the simulated ancient newsreels. 
Almost every film seems a leap 
forward from the previous one. The 
Purple Rose of Cairo was the 
culmination of fiis series of fantasy 
films: and Hannah and Her Sisters 
develops the line of romantic social 
comedy.begun with Annie Hall and 

The setting of Hannah is contem¬ 
porary. bur i he nostalgia of recent 
films is still evident in the musical 
score assembled from show tunes of 
the Thirties and Forties, conclud¬ 
ing, appropriately, with “Isn't it 
Romantic?”. It is an essay on the 
pains and permutations of romantic 
love, centred on the turbulent 
family life of Hannah (Mia Farrow) 
and her sisters Lee (Barbara 
Hershey)and Holly (Dianne Wiest). 
Their parents (played by Lloyd 
Nolan, who died at 83 just after 
finishing the film, and Maureen 
O'Sullivan. Mia Farrow's real-life 
mother, now a beautiful 75) afford 
them a shaky model of domestic 
happiness. This archetypal showbiz 
couple alternately bicker over an¬ 
cient jealousies and resentments 
and make tip again with sentimental 
. duets at the piano. 

The action spreads over two 
years, demarcated by three family 
Thanksgiving dinners. During this 
time Hannah's husband (Michael 
Caine) flares into temporary infatu¬ 
ation with his sister-in-law Lee. 
while Lee takes the decision to leave 
her dour, possessive lover (Max von 

Sydow). The neurotic Holly suffers 
mounting panic as she proves a 
loser in love as well as in her varied 
professional efforts. Hannah mean¬ 
while rebukes and irritates them 
merely by being incorrigibly good, 
patient and giving, demanding 

The outsider of the group is 
Mickey Sachs (Allen himself). At 
the stan of the film he is already 
divorced from Hannah: at the end 
he manies another of the sisters and 
returns to the family. This is one ot 
Allen's great comic creations, em¬ 
bodying and transmuting to come¬ 
dy the author's own confessed terror 
of death. Mickey is a chronic 
hypochondriac, willing himself into 
the symptoms of a fatal brain 
tumour. Entombed in a great scan¬ 
ning machine, or waiting frozen 
with tear for the X-ray results. Allen 
makes Mickey at the same time 
richly comic and a figure of real 
tragedy and terror. 

The threat once proven false, 
Mickey sets out anew to seek the 
meaning oflife. A brief conversion 
to Catholicism sends his good old 
Jewish momma into hysterics. The 
moment of true enlightenment 
comes however while watching 
Duck Soup. The carefree' nonsense 
of Groucho. Harpo. Chico and 
Zeppo convinces him that it is 
better to make the most of what life 
we have here and now than to 
persist in asking unanswerable 
questions like “does God exist?” 
and “is there a life hereafter?” 

The characters are moved like 
pieces in a game, and at the end all 
find iheir proper places and pair¬ 
ings. quite like the last-act sorting- 
out in .-I Midsummer Slight’s 
Dream. What fools these mortals 
be, indeed. They are the familiar 
middle-class and upwardly mobile 
New Yorkers of Allen’s own micro¬ 
cosm. prey to fears, neuroses, 
fashions, analysts, drugs, lust, alco¬ 
hol and the latest vogues in books, 
painting or rock groups. Nobody 
describes them with a shrewder wit. 
Allen understands their frail hu¬ 
manity. and loves the losers most of 
all. They are a very particular 
society, but their hearts are much 
the same as those of all of us. Allen 
is one of the rare clowns with the gift 

i ■■ 

- riv- 



Affinity of optimism: Woody Allen and Mia Farrow in Hannah and Her Sisters 

of discovering the universal upon 
his own doorstep. 

The essentia) optimism of Han¬ 
nah and Her Sisters is a quality in all 
the films Allen has made since his 
discovery of Mia Farrow, who with 
each one seems younger and more 
ethereally beautiful — no doubt the 
reflection of Allen's personal feeling 
for her. The optimism, the confi¬ 
dence that ultimately our confused 
emotions must find an asylum, is 
most succinctly expressed in a line 
as memorable as Renoir's “Tout le 
monde a ses raisons", and which 
could serve as the moral of the 
picture: “The heart is a very, very 
resilient little muscle". 

Hannah and Her Sisters is a New 
York film for grown-ups. while 
Secret Admirer is a Californian film 
for children. From the worst aspect 
the one could be seen as a grotesque 
parody of the other, since the kids' 
film also deals with confusions of 
amorous couplings. 

Secret Admirer, directed by Da¬ 
vid Green wall, is constructed on 
two plot premises that have served 
as long as comic-romantic stories 
and plays have been written: I) an 
unsigned love-letter which passes 
from hand to hand, causing conster¬ 

nation and emotional mix-ups; and 
2) the protagonist who lusts after a 
hussy, not recognizing that the girl - 
next door, whom he casually takes 
for granted, is his true and destined 

The old-world romantic tale that 
is concocted out of these premises is 
thinly veneered with the brash 
conventions of the youth film. The 
dialogue is largely composed of a 
limited range of four-letter exple¬ 
tives. The school-kid characters are 
mostly moronically obtuse (how 
else could the plot work?) as well as 
foul-mouthed, obsessed with sex 
and yearning only for the great day 
when they will Go All The Way. In 
fact there is an odd prudery about 
these films. They never do Go All 
The Way. and ail the boasts of lost 
virginity*turn out to be hollow in the 
end. .... 

Evidently trying to broaden its 
audience appeal. Secret Admirer 
uses the letter device to involve the 
kids' parents in a parallel game of 
sexual musical chairs—in their case 
too managing to avoid any actual 
impropriety. The new generation of 
kids* films has low language but 
high moral standards. 

.Another paradox about the tidal 

wave of youth films is that it has 
washed up a whole new generation 
of actors who are proving superior 
to their material and vastly more 
intelligent than the dummies they 
are called on to play. Already 
identified in Hollywood as ihe 
“Brat Pack", young players like 
Matt Dillon. Rob Lowe and Thom¬ 
as C. Howell (the star of Secret 
Admirer) reach stardom at a much 
earlier age than any previous movie 
generations. They have clear eyes, 
smooth skins and bee-sting lips, and 
are pretty as pictures; but they are 
already proving to be formidable 
actors. The girls are slower to 
emerge, but Lori Loughlin (the girl 
next door in Secret Admirer) is 
beautiful, and certainly no insignifi¬ 
cant performer. 

Thomas C. Howell, coming 18, 
already has-his own-film company- 
and plans to direct These infants 
may hold the' future of American 
cinema in their hands. 

David Robinson 

• Next week the Gate Cinema. 
Notting Hill, is presenting a retro¬ 
spective of 10 Woody Allen fea¬ 
tures. from Bananas 1 1971) to The 
Purple Rose of Cairo (1985). 


Herbie Hancock ’' 

Festival Hall 

This, of course, was not-the 
Herbie Hancock of bleeping 
synthesizers, high-budget pro¬ 
motional video films and 
disco-angled hit singlcs, but 
the sober-suited pianist whose 
deft playing and ihoughjfjjl 
compositions graced the uri- 
1 mortal Miles Davis Quimeipf 
the 1960s. Hancock's ability to 
match the different degrees'oS 
commercial success and artis¬ 
tic integrity demanded -by 
both levels now surely de¬ 
serves recognition as a minor 
miracle of modem popular 

Leading a quartet including 
one of his contemporaries in 
the Davis group, the bassist 
Ron Carter, alongside two 
more recent alumni, the 
drummer Al Foster and th'$ 
saxophonist Branford Mar¬ 
salis. Hancock presen tecLah 
hour of music unimpeachable 
in iis seriousness of purpose. 
Yet this was certainly a less 
intense formation than its 
predecessors in the series of 
straight jazz groups with 
whom Hancock has toured ;jn 
the last 10 years .or so: ihe 
playfulness in Marsalis's solos 
found ready echoes, while 
Foster’s exhilarating open 
swing created an atmosphere 
quite different from the high* 
geared aggression emanating 
from Tony Williams, the pre¬ 
vious occupant of the drain 

Most impressive whejt 
functioning as a unit of collec¬ 
tive improvisation, the quar¬ 
tet luxuriated in its gift for 
spontaneous lyricism. Mar¬ 
salis. his jazz skills apparently 
unimpaired after a year -of 
playing the rock arenas with 
Sting, showed signs of having 
passed through his worship: of 
Wayne Shorter’s elliptical ap¬ 
proach and into a study-of 
Sonny Rollins's methods, of. 
thematic improvisation. 

As usual Carter made if all 
sound so easy. Is it sadlstie-to 
nurture a secret wish that, jftsi 
forone night, someone would 
kidnap his custom-bodfed, 
low-action, close-miked . in¬ 
strument. forcing him to grap-. 
pie with the sort of unfriendly 
behemoth that must have- 
presented a challenge to Fors 
Foster and Jimmy Blanton? - 

Richard Williams. 


Pet diversions 

Donald Cooper 

r-t j the different groupings it set rrom oemg a mere piaceop, 

. concerts : . -up, and yet there was perhaps Even the opening G major 
rather too much space .far .the Quartet by Haydn, Op 76 Na 

ban Francisco - musical ideas.- . 1 1, brought a degree of partner- 

-f-i - • i - ~ ” — -Altogether easier-to likewas—ship in the- music's sharing^of 

^oniemporary Lou Harrison’s Suite for cello instrumental interest and a 

Mneir» Pkvnrc and harp, written in 1948 and, closely woven balance of tex- 

'• .—qfiife* raSriSIyTruT*!cbnvrno^”lure-tiiat"yielded the more 
Pltville Pump-: ■ ingly, bridging the gap be- pleasure the more attentively 

T?r*rirr»' tween Gage's-music-of that one listened. ’ 

tvooin, i^ucllcimaiu Tferiod-and - -Messiaen’sr'for In terms of techniaue alone 

from being a mere placebo. 
Even the opening G major 
Quartet by Haydn, Op 76 No 
1, brought a' degree of partner- 

The Dead ■ 

The Pit __ 

America has a well-known 
faculty for gobbling up Euro¬ 
pean observers and, as Nick 
Darke's play illustrates, this 
applies no less to writers than 
to supercilious tourists. 

The Dead Monkey opens by 
casting an amused glance over 
a selection of Californian cus¬ 
toms. Wc are in the ramshack¬ 
le home of Hank and Dolores, 
with' the body of their pet 
stretched out on the table. 
How typical that they should 

he is. of course, wearing a 
ridiculous floral shm and non- 
matching shorts. 

Presently Hank returns 
from his latest trip, furnishing 
material for satire on the 
home life of travelling sales¬ 
men and disclosing that the 
deceased pet has also served 
them both as a sexual partner. 
It then supplies the main 
course in a candle-lit dinner. 
Next day the vet is back 
offering a replacement: a Mac¬ 
edonian curly pig of such 
seductive charm that even the 
rough-mannered Hank: falls 
for it and Dolores kits it out in 
Easter bootees. 

Their marriage gels similar 
treatment, exhibited as if 


—Altogether easier40 likewas—ship in the-music's sharing*?# 
Lou Harrison's Suite for cello instrumental interest and a 

i ;.v 

(■ ,w* 

I inctoari nf ireaimem, exmemra as n 

fegcHMrenTand ttai Do- VBgyhlhelim.of.cap and 
lores should summon a vet !*S“Lj^2FiL ! ?5h 

From the zoo who comes up 
with alt kinds of fancy prices 
for cremation and headstones. 
Played by a heavily mous¬ 
tached Anthony O'Donnell. 

for a curious lack of atmo¬ 
sphere in the lighting of the 
duel scene this was throughout 
a thrilling performance of 
John Cranko’s best -romantic 

True. Martyn Fleming, new 
as Prince Gremin, makes him 
less the older man than we are 
used to, and this is not an 
improvement But against 
that must be put the fact that 
Alexander Sombart as Onegin 
and Peter Schaufuss as Lensky 
were also looking younger 
than before, and this works 
very well indeed. Sombart, 
besides, made Onegin a much 
more spirited character, very 

SET Then Baryshnikov positively enjoying his dis- 

Theatre’s New York season 
just ended. She has said 
anyway that she will not desert 
the stage altogether and she 
goes now to California for 
another run of On Your Toes. 
After that who knows. 

Really, one would be nappy 
for Makarova to m ake as 
many definitely last final 

farewell appearances as anoth¬ 
er beautiful blonde ballerina. 
Dame Adeline Genee, ^ re¬ 
ported to have done earlier 
this century - provided that 
she- continues dancing as 
marvellously as she did^is 
time, and that I can be present 

at all of them. _. 

Makarova is not only good 
herself, but a Ouse of 
ness in others. Jnjs*? o 
London Festival^ wro 
obviously exhilarated! by per 
forming with her, and excep 

interpretation of a most re¬ 
warding role. . 

Lucia Truglia, a deliciously 
bright sunny Olga, completed 
a memorable quartet of princi¬ 
pals. so well balanced that one 
was not tempted, however 
special the occasion, to have 
eyes for only one of them. 

But of course it was 
Makarova’s evening, and one 
in which she showed at their 
height, folly developed and 
ennehed by experience, those 

qualities ofardour and expres¬ 
siveness that instantly, made 
her an international star zj 
years ago when she danced her 
first Giselle. Her every gesture, 
speaks. If this really was her 
last performance, what a won¬ 
derful way to go. 

John Percival 

Hank sees his wife for only 
two nights a month; added to 
which he is broke and hates 
his job. While he is away. 
Dolores confesses to part¬ 
nering the monkey in bestial¬ 
ity routines to make ends 
meet. The atmosphere be¬ 
tween man and wife swings 
between rapt endearment and 
bursts of jabbering rage: both 
presented for farcical contrast 
rather than emotional truth. 
The result, however, does not 
yield much fun, as you may 
deduce from the feet that 
Wednesday night’s first big 
laugh came after the reported 
decapitation of the pig fol¬ 
lowed by Dolores’s question 
“Is he dead?”. 

Amid these fun and games, 
the American stereotype is 
gradually stirring into life like 
Frankenstein’s monster..Hank 
is a former beacb-boy with 
whom Dolores fell in love on 
the strength of his prowess 
with the surf-board. She hates 
what he has become, and 
threatens to leave him if he 
carries out his latest plan-io go 
selling Bibles ia Nebraska. 
Hank capitulates, and at¬ 
tempts to regain his lost 

Swan Killer 
Maltings, Snape 

When the social history of the 
1980s comes to be written, the 
cult of the community play 
will rate a chapter of its own. 
The names of Ann Jellicoe 
and Davi.d Edgar will be writ 
large; the name of David 
Drane, author of this sham¬ 
bling, tyrgid, flawlessly well- 
meaning epic, will no doubt 
have equal prominence. 

The Wedge company has 

A death in the family: Bruce Alexander, Frances Barber 

youth, but meets nearly feta! 
humiliation in the Pacific 
breakers and winds up practis¬ 
ing surfing on the table. “You 
can't change back”, says Dolo¬ 
res. “You are what you are, 
and I despise it.” 

This finally knocks what is 
left out of the comedy, and the 
rest of the piece proceeds on 
an ever-darkening course, 
with Dolores gaining a job at 
the zoo and playing boss-lady 

same stretch of Malibu coast¬ 
line, except that either of them 
would have given the specta¬ 
tor a stronger reason for taking 
interest in the two characters. 

In Roger Michell’s produc¬ 
tion they are played by Bruce 
Alexander, a specialist in con¬ 
trolled and uncontrolled fury, 
and Frances Barber, here seen 
summoning up resources of 
contempt and hysterical anger 
far removed from her usual 

I wish I could be wilder about 
the San Francisco Contempo¬ 
rary Music Players, oneway or 
the other, but a concert which 
reaches its most arresting 
piece of music-making in a 
work by Milhaud has to be 
plumbing new depths of medi¬ 
ocrity. And that Milhaud per- 
formance, of his 1936 Suite for 
violin, clarinet and piano; was 
remarkable only for the liveli¬ 
ness and brilliant tone of the 
violinist Roy Maian, who 
sounded out strongly in’ the 
more upright parts of the work 
and did a nice Stephane 
Grappelli imitation when that 
.was needed. 

The piece itself I would not 
specially want to hear again: it 
inevitably has echoes from 
Stravinsky’s Soldier's Tale 
suite for the same trio, but 
they are rather few, and they 
have to fight for space in a 
miasma of amiability, i could 
also live without re-encoun¬ 
tering Mr MaIan’s two col¬ 
leagues in the performance, 
who were joined by the sour 
viola player of the ensemble in 
a dismally unimaginative ac¬ 
count of Mozart’s “Kegel- 
statT Trio. . 

What was most mystifying 
was the group's choice of these 
two works in what was their 
European debut redial, when 
their specialities lie elsewhere. 
They did, however, offer three 
home-grown items, beginning 
with William Kraft's Melange. 
Scored for a Fires of London 
instrumental sextet, this did 
not give itself space to develop 

ingly, bridging the gap be¬ 
tween Cage's-music-of that 
period ^and" IWesriaen’sritor 
here were the bald, homespun 
little tunes of the former and 
the long, repetitive slow mo¬ 
tion of the latter’s solo string 
adagios. The combination 
made for an unpretentious 
and attractive piece, not well 
played. . 

Then at the end of the 
evening came the first perfor¬ 
mance of l wish they all could 
be... by the San Francisco 
composer Conrad Cummings, 
who is in his late thirties and 
well .on the way towards 
making a reputation on both 
sides of the Atlantia This, 
however, is the first piece by 
him that I have heard, and it 
suggests a minimalist of the 
nicer sort there is something 
of the light touch and the wit 
in the music of another com¬ 
poser from San Francisco, 
John Adams. It needed, how¬ 
ever, a stronger continuity to 
keep it going through so many 
disjunct phases of doodling 
and cadencing. Or maybe I 
was missing something. 
Cummings's .note insists that 
the material comes, from the 
Beach Boys, but all I could 
hear was Mozart, Bizet and 
Hymns A & M. 

Paul Griffiths 

Takacs Quartet 
Wigmore Hall _ 

As a prescription for the 
sultriest of summer nights, the 
first of the Takdcs Quartet’s 
two concerts this week was far 

pleasure the more attentively 
one listened. i 

In terms of technique alone 
the performance embraced an 
astonishing range of subtlety 
and stylistic assurance, which 
time and again approached as 
near an ideal perception of 
classical repertory as one 
might expect to hear. This was 
no less true when the Hungary 
ian visitors were joined by 
Michael Collins for Mo?arl 
and by Martin Lovett in 
Schubert V 

The former added his suavi¬ 
ty of phrasing to an account of 
the Clarinet Quintet that was 
consistently beguiling, except 
only in the clarinettist's occa^ 
sional pressure of tone on the 
mannered grace of the string 
ensemble. The silken thread of 
the Larghetto movement and 
the variations of the finale 
brought the most refined sen¬ 
sibility of character to enjoy. ' 

With Mr Lovett the added 
cellist in Schubert’s C major 
Quintet, D956, we beard' a 
performance of such intensity 
and commitment that it be¬ 
came an experience deeply to 
be savoured, looking forward 
as it did to something mu£h 
later in the Viennese tradition. 
What it cost in physical add 
intellectual effort in that tem¬ 
perature was totally tran¬ 
scended in the spirit “ it 
generated. = 

There is a second dpd 
similar programme tomorrow 
night, and the visitors return 
for a cycle of the Bart6k 
quartets in early November JLt 
should be a date wrath 

Noel Goodwin 

to her unemployed spouse gentle range. It is an impres- 
who finally breaks her neck sive spectacle, which I hope 


01-628 87951638 8891 




and summons the vet for a last 
consultation. It is as if Tennes¬ 
see Williams and Sam Shep¬ 
ard were fighting it out for the 

taken over a vacant malting in 
the Snape complex - more 
recently in use as a feed¬ 
processing plant — which re¬ 
tains a lingering miasma in the 
cavernous space where bats 
wheel excitedly. The acoustic 
is as muddy as one would 
expect, and the sight-fines are 
obstructed, though rarely fa¬ 
tally, by brick-pillars and steel 

This “play for East Anglia” 
(decorated, with'scant regard 
for topography, by songs in 
the American idiom) follows 
the fortunes of a humble 
family evicted from their Suf¬ 
folk smallholding and forced 
to take to the road. Dressed in 
potato sacks, they encounter 
weird and doomy spirits of the 
soil, scavenge fresh clothing 
from the aftermath of an 
airship disaster, and give vent 
to volumes of inarticulate 

The eponymous hero (Dale 
Savage) fetches up in "the 

she will resume in a better 

Irving Wardle 

city” (which is not, I think, in 
East Anglia) and falls in with 
low company, played with 
variable enthusiasm by some 
of the 50-odd local amateurs 

■ Directed by Adrian Jackson 
and Simon Usher, the produc¬ 
tion indulges itself with bois¬ 
terous effects (props thun¬ 
dering down, from the flies; 
much hurling of furniture and 
blunt instruments) .and inev¬ 
itably suffers from the prob¬ 
lems of stage-management 
attendant on the disparity of 
ambition and resources. The 
pace will no doubt tighten up 
over the coming fortnight, but 
no amount of slickness could 
substitute for the giant pair of 
scissors required by the script 
This is, of course, the draw¬ 
back inherent in the form: 
community plays aim to in¬ 
volve, to move, to “cele¬ 
brate”; they merely wallow. . 

Martin Cropper 


Major _ _ 


of several hundred exceptionally 
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set for 
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Continued from page 1 

ronfirmed the 1988^9 spend¬ 
ing total at £149 billion andset 
a new total of£153 billion for 
1989-90, was told yesterday 
that the 1987-88 total has been 
exceeded by bids totalling 
almost £7 billion. 

Some £3 billion of that 
represents the demand put in 
by Mr Nicholas Ridley, the 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment, to put local 
authorities' present spending 
on a realistic footing and, at 
the same time, to allow lower 
rale rises next spring. The 
details, already agreed, are to 
be announced next week. ■ 
.-.Thai stun will, halve the 
Treasury's £6.3 billion contin¬ 
gency reserve for next year, 
meaning that there is not 
much left for the competing 
bids from Mr Kenneth Baker, 
Secretary of State for Educa¬ 
tion. Mr Norman Fowler, 
Secretary of State for Social 
Services, Mr George Younger, 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
and Mr Ridley’s request for an 
extra £750 million on housing 

Last year the Treasury was 
able to blur the fact that the 
final target had not been met 
by almost doubling the figures 
set down for proceeds from 
privatization of British Gas. 
This year, especially after the 
dropping of the sale of water 
authorities, that opportunity 
does not exist, but the Trea¬ 
sury is still aiming for income 
tax cuts of I.5p to 2p on the 
standard rate in the next 

Yesterday's discussion was 
said to have been a ritual, low- 
key affair. The real battle was 
said to have been postponed 
until the series of bilateral 
meetings. between Mr John 
Macgregor, Chief Secretary to 
the Treasury, and individual 
ministers which precede the 
Star Chamber discussion. 

Mr Pejer Walker, Secretary 
of ISlate.for Energy, is under¬ 
stood to have told the Cabinet 
yesterday that the planning 
total was meaningless 
One senior Cabinet minis¬ 
ter expressed the view yester¬ 
day that the overall total 
might in the end be breached. 

fiO&r. ;;5 

. *!■ u ‘ 

r^ e f :C ~ 

—I .. ■■HU i II while fVMrt) an 

A scrions^ooking David Dimbleby of BBC Television riding in the footman’s place during the rehearsal for next week s royal wedding, ingn ) ^ 

The pomp without ceremony 

Increased night flights 
proposed for London 

Continued from page 1 
ed by residents around the 

However, the authority ad¬ 
mits that no aircraft is really 
quiet, and strong opposition is 
certain to build up before the 
Government decision is 

Airport traffic in the Lon¬ 
don area is forecast to double 
from about 45 million to 
90 million passengers a year 
by the year 2000. While new 
terminals are being built at 
Gatwick and Stansted and one 
has recently opened at 
Heathrow, no increase is pro¬ 
posed in the five existing 
runways: two at Heathrow and 
one each at Gatwick, Luton 
and Stansted. 

Forecasters say that much 
of the growth in passenger 
traffic can be accommodated 
in .huger aircraft; but the 
number of flights is also 
expected to grow on runways 
already dose to their limits. 

At Heathrow, the current 
285,000 flights a year could 
perhaps be increased to 
310,000; at Gatwick from 
142.000 to 170,000; and at 

Stansted from 20,000 to 

But this still leaves a sub¬ 
stantial shortfall. And since 
the Government is firmly 
against second runways at 
Gatwick and Stansted (addi¬ 
tions at Heathrow and Luton 
are hardly practicable) an 
extension into night-flying 
seems the only alternative. 

London remains the world’s 
busiest international airport 
centre, and without greater 
capacity there is a real risk that 
one of Britain's most success¬ 
ful industries will be damaged, 
the authority says. 

Peak demand at both air¬ 
ports is approaching the stage 
of being unmanageable, the 
authority says. 

Raiders beat 
woman of 87 

Three masked raiders at¬ 
tacked a woman aged 87 with 
an iron bar and left her tied up 
for six hours when they bur¬ 
gled her house near 
Fordingbridge, Hampshire, 
early yesterday. 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen visits Newcastle 
and opens the -ne w - -Te rrit o rial I 
Army Centre, Cramlington, 
II.10; and then meets partici¬ 
pants in The Tall Ships Race. 
Newcastle Quayside, 2.30; later 
she visits the Newcastle Branch 
of the National Association for 
Care of Offenders and Prcven- 
. lion of Crime (NACRO), 3.10. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother. Lord Warden of the 
-Cinque Ports, visits The Winter 
■ Gardens, Margate, 335; and the 
Maritime Museum. Ramsgate. 
4.30; she later arrives at Walmer 
Castle, Ramsgate, 5.45. 

Princess Anne. Patron of .The 
VlU Commoowealih and Inter¬ 
national, Conference on Sport, 
Physical ' Education; Dance, 
Recreation: .and Health, opens 
.the.conference. Glasgow^ 2,45.. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
attends the Davis .Cup quarter 
final tennis match, Wimbledon 
AIL England Lawn Tennis and 
Croquet Club, 11.50: and later. 
CoIoneWn-Chief, dines with the 
Royal Army Educational Corps, 
Eltham Palace, SE9, 7.40. • 

The Duke of Kent, Patron, 
Trinity College of Music, at¬ 
tends presentation day. Wig- 
more Hall, Wl, 10.3a 
Princess Alexandra attends a 
performance of the Royal Tour¬ 
nament,. Earls Court, 7.15. -. 

The Times Crossword Pazde No 17,101 


--1 Leave after row with kan- 
~ garoo-chaser (5). 

- 4 Faulty boiler in Tom’s ve- 
*'■ hide (9). 

.•■9 A high-class sun-helmet to 
. Abraham’s nephew, George 

— (9). • . ‘ ; ■ 

: 10 Company of a girl needed 
~ for this ente. lainment (5). 

11 The bilingual churchman 

<5)- . . - . - , 

12 Publicity assignment : ob- - 

- tained by entrant (9)., . 

13 Platform for the people’s 
representative (7). 

r_15 Saying a dollar is worth ten 


" 18 Musical dock? A fanciful 
conception (7). 

' 20 Rejected record contains 
cruel misrepresentation of a 
composer (7). 

21 Hospital doctor put point 
• right in the back (9). 

- 23 The throng was un¬ 

commonly jolly (5). 

25 Adorn the grand old man of 
sport (5). 

* 26 Outstanding electoral sys- 
tern—— ““mention - new ~ 
.• arrangement (9). 

, 27 I had~ tu rned ~to poet who 

- gives what the doctor or¬ 
dered (9).- . 

-28 Drunk, say, with the old 
... port (5). - - 

French appears timely (9). 

- 4 Merry monarch imprisons 

convict - the picture's 
scrappy (7). 

5 Live news purveyor is early 

6 This river trial was a sort of 
revolution (5). 

7 A learner studies with diffi¬ 
culty — lack of energy (9). . 

8 Hard to ■get in rent this old 

... character found (5). 

14 The gelatin is in a drinking 
.vessel (9). 

16 His neologisms forged? (9). 

17 See me in outfit over about 
five furlongs (9). 

19 A supporter thus put up by 
the way (7). 

20 Venue of spider's invitation 

— just one of such tricks? 
<7>- . ^ 

21 Stiff beginning of descent to 
foot of a Swiss mountain 

- (5k 

22 The riddle of the Jumblies 

24 Ward off hail? Right (5). 

Solution to Pazzle Nd" 17,100 


• 1 Manner of speaking one has 
caught in logical disputation 
. (9). 

2 Remarked absence of neo- 
- Edwardian (5). 

3 Too much Italian sent up? A 

Concise crossword page 10 


Concert by the Bournemouth 
Sinfonietta and Choir; Ramsey 
Abbey. 8. 

Conceit- by the Holbume 
-Group; PitviHe -Pump Room, 
Chel tenham, 7.30. 

Ten centuries of cathedral 
music by the Winchester Cathe¬ 
dra] Choir, Winchester Cathe¬ 
dral, 7.30. 

Concert by the Northern 
Sinfonia and Chorus; Newcastle 
City Hall, 7. 

Concert by the New London 
Consort; Suitery Hall, nr 
Uuoxeter. Derbyshire, 7.30. 

Redial by Jane Dowry 

(mezzo-soprano);. Tewkesbury 
Abbey, I. 

Chichester festival: Concert 
by The BishopLuffe Choristers; 
Chichester Cathedral, 1.10; Mu¬ 
sic for the royal fireworks by the 
Royal. .Artillery- Band; Good¬ 
wood Racecourse, 9. 

Organ recital by Roy Massey; 
St Mary Reddiffe, Bristol, 7.30. 

Pastoral Pleasures: readings 
and music with Virginia Rush- 
ton (soprano) and Ann Bond 
(piano); Wordsworth House. 
Cockermoiith, 7.30. 


Chester Summer Music Festi¬ 
val runs from today until July 
26; for details and tickets: tel: 
(0244) 40392/3. 

British Craft and Hobby Fain 
Brighton Centre, Kings Rd; 
today, tomorrow and Sun 10 to 

Sheffield Show: stalls, enter¬ 
tainment and competitions; 
Hillsborough Park, Middle- 
wood Rd. Sheffield, today 11 to 
8, tomorrow and Sun 10 to 8. 


Births: Robert Hooke, physi¬ 
cist, Freshwater, Isle of Wight, 
1635; Gilbert White, naturalist. 
Selboume, Hampshire. 1720; 
W il l i a m Makepeace Thackeray, 
Calcutta, 1811: W. G. Grace, 
Downend. Gloucestershire, 
1848: Philip Snowden, 1st Vis¬ 
count Snowden, Chancellor of 
the Exchequer 1924. 1929-31, 
Ickomshaw. Yorkshire. 1864. 

Deaths: Caravaggio, Port 
"Ercole. Italy, 1610; Jean-An¬ 
toine Watteau, painter. Nogenl- 
sur-Marne. 1721; Jane Austen. 
Winchester, 1817; Benito Jna- 
rez. president of Mexico 1861- 
63,1867-72, Mexico City. 1872; 
Corneille Heymans. physio¬ 
logist. Nobel laureate, 1938, 
Knokke, Belgium, 1968. 

Doctrine of Papal infallibility 
promulgated,' 1870. Spanish 
Civil War began. 1936. 

The pound 

Austria Sdi 
Danmark Kr 
Roland Hkk 
Fran ca Fr 
Germany Dm 
Greece w 
Italy Ura 





- - 12.10 

FaMStorjjnad dsrxxninatton fcenfc rotes 
My as suppHad oy Barclays Bank PLC. 
Dirtarent hubs appiytotravaHera 
cheques and other foreign currency 

ReM Price Indeac 3858 






















London: The FT Max closed up 100 at 

Continued from page I 

khaki uniforms, the coachmen 
in plain black flock coats and 
toppers, and the horses frisky 
and restive from missing their 
customary morning exercise. 

At 6.23 a squad of Westmin¬ 
ster Council workers sprang 
into the roadway at the tight 
turn in Trafalgar Square and 
swept up the copious evidence 
of recent cavalry passage, 
ready for the passage at 6.41 of 
the bridegroom’s procession 

Traffic was beginning to 
build up. At 6.52 the bride's 
procession, using a modest 
carriage in place of the Glass 
Coach, emerged from Clar¬ 
ence House and marooned a 

No 53 bus trying to make its 
way up Whitehall. At 6.55 the 
dustmen were back again, 
demonstrating that the sand¬ 
ing of the streets for such 
processions is only partly to 
prevent hooves and wheels 
slipping; it also makes the 
road easier to clean.' 

Having got 220 horses and 
nine carriages to Westminster 
Abbey, they drove them all 
back again, through a mount¬ 
ing rush hour. Timing on the 
return journey is less critical, 
but on the way to her wedding 
ihe bride must be delivered at 
exactly 11-28 am. 

Senior Cavalry officers pro¬ 
fessed themselves well pleased 

with the result, but then they 
have done this sort of thing 
countless times before. The 
troopers retired to barracks, a 
few tourists were left wonder¬ 
ing if thev had missed ihe real 
thing, ahdl Whitehall reeked in 
the early morning sun of the 
sweet smell of the stable.. 

• Footman’s new: Mr David 
Dimbleby, the royal wedding 
commentator for BBC Televi¬ 
sion, experienced the route 
yesterday from the footman’s 
position on two coaches. 

Mr Dimbleby visited the 
Mews to see the organization 
of the procession and was 
invited by the Crown Equerry, 
to travel the route. 

LC nuux duu moivwiiww u icaxu iuvuijv**^ i*-— ~-— — 

Tussaud’s new resident displayed 

A wax figure of Miss Sarah Fe 
resplendent in a full-length cream, bl 
purple evening gown, went on display at 
Madame Tussaud's in London yesterday. 

Prince Andrew's future bride gave a 45- 
minute sitting in March to the sculptor. Miss 
Karen Newman, aged 35, who took three 
months to complete the work. 

Miss Newman said: “Miss Ferguson was 
very friendly and charming. It's always hard to 
do models of women; in this case there was the 
extra pressure of a figure in the public focus. 

“ Miss Ferguson is pretty and sbe has a ter¬ 

rific personality. Her face has character and 
that has made her particularly interesting to 
do, although 1 must admit the freckles were a 
bit tricky.” ' 

The model, with the familiar red jbair, also 
wears a ring with matching ep-rmgs. The 
gown is a creation of Alistair B hair, the Lowhw 
designer, and was specially chosen by Miss 

A laughing Miss Newman said as the figure 
was admired: “Yes, I did measure her and she 
did tell me her measurements herself. But no, I 
can't fell yon what they were.' 

Food prices 

..The season for summer fruit 
is reaching its peak much later 
than usual this year, although 
growers are now able to lengthen 
the season with new laie matur¬ 
ing varieties. English- straw¬ 
berries from 60-90p a lb and 
raspberries from 30-45p a quar¬ 
ter-pound punnet are both at 
their best. The first home grown 
cherries at 60p-£l a lb are 
competing with imports from 
Belgium. France and Greece. 
The big juicy American varieties 
are more expensive at £1.30- 
£1.75 a lb, but apricots at 60-80p 
a lb and nectarines and peaches 
10-50p each, are all imported. 
There are no home grown plums 
on the market yet 

New season English potatoes 
at !0-I2p a lb and Jersey Royals 
I2-15p. are having a bumper 
season. Iceberg lettuces, 5Q-65p 
each and tomatoes now down to 
about 3 5-45p a lb. Courgettes 
are good value at 30-40p a lb 
and watercress 30-35p a bunch. 

Horae produced lamb is up in 
price this week, due to a 
shortage of lambs going to 
market. In London and the 
South-east all cuts are up by 
between Ip and 6p a pound, 
depending on cut. In the rest of 
England and Wales the increase 
is just 2pa pound on log and loin 
chops. Fillet end leg ofpork and 
loin chops should be slightly 

Some special-supermarket of¬ 
fers include: Asda: home pro¬ 
duced pork chops £1.12 a lb and 
whole and half legs 89p 
Ib.Tesco: British grade-A 
chicken quarters (chilled) 89p a 
lb. and forerib of beef £1.64 a lb; 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30k New Towns 
(Extinguishment of Liabilities) 
Order. „ . , 

Lords (II): Building Societies 
BilL report. _ 

Top Films 

The lop twx-offiea-films-ini-U»- 

.1 (-> Police Academy UfcBacfc in 
Training ■ ■* 

• 2 (- )-Tho Colour- Purple 
3 (1) A Room Wth a \fiew . 

4(2) Down and Out in Beverly 

5 (-) Enemy Mine 
6(4) 954 Weeks 
7(3) After Hours 
8(8) Out of Africa 
9 (51 The Money Pit 
10(6) House 

The top fans in the provinces: 

1 Down and Out in Beverty HKs 

2 Police Academy Ilk Back hi 

3 Runaway Train 

4 ET - 

5 954 weeks 

SuppMUy Savon ommaam! 

Top video rentals 


1 ( 1 ) 

2 (-) The Goonies 
3(2) Mad Max - Beyond Thtm- 

4(24) Weird Science 
5(26) Tran 
6(4) Fletrfl 
7(8) Summer Rental 
8(3) The Emerald Forest 
9 (-) Ladyftawfce 
10(6) St Elmo's Fire 
Supplied by mom 


Wales and West A3ft Lane closures m 
each direction at Bodmin bypass. A37: 
Improvement wxV means temporary, 
traffic fights at Jwiction of Wells Rd and S» 
John's Lane. Bristol. AA& Delays 
a ppro aching Cardiff (ram Cowbridga at 

Tit* North: MSI: Lane closures and 
delays at Bteoow Bndgo (M61/M6), 
Greater Manchester. A54: Bypass con¬ 
struction work at KeisaU Hit Cheshire. 
ASK Tamprary lights SW of Sowerby 

Scottand: A77: Heavy traffic Rely 
between An end Glasgow due to 
Tumbarry God Open. A74: Various lane 
Closures N of Lasmaghow. GJ» 

Rose St dosed near (unction with 
Graham St tfluerekjn with delays, 
hrionuation euppHed by AA 


6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S England, 
East Anglia, E Mkfiands, Channel 
Islands: Dry with dear or sunny 
intervals; wind N light or moderate; 
max temp 21C(70F). 

E, central N, NE England: Dry 
with dear or sunny intervals; wind 
NW moderate, becoming W light or 
moderate; max temp 20C (68F). 

W Midlands, SW, NW England, 
Wales: Dry with sunny or dear 
intervals; wind NW light or mod¬ 
erate; max temp 20C (B8F) 

Lake District, Isle of Man, SW, 
NW Scotland, Glasgow, Argyll, 
Northern Ireland: Scattered Sght 
showers dying out, outbreaks of 
rain later; wind NW moderate 
becoming W moderate or fresh; 
max temp 18C (64F). 

Borders, Edinburgh. Dundee, 
Aberdeen, Central Highlands, Mo¬ 
ray Fa-th, NE Scotland: Occasional 
showers dying out; wind NW mod¬ 
erate becoming SW moderate or 
fresh: max temp 18C (64F). 

Orkney, Shetland: Occasional 
rain earfy, dying out, occasional rain 
later; wind Am becoming SW mod¬ 
erate or fresh; max temp 14C (57F)- 
Outlook for tomorrow and Sun- 
dayr Outbreaks of rah, with hiS and 
coastal fog in the extreme NW wtl 
spread E across aH N areas. This 
wifl be followed by brighter weather 
with a few showers daring Sunday. 
The S wffl remain (fry with some 
sunshine untU later an Sunday. 

Sunrises: Sunsets: 
5.04 am . 9-09 pm 

Times Portfolio Gold rulca are as 

f0l l 0 rimw P^rUcliojs rrec Purcffa» 
or The Times b not a condition of 
ukina pan. 

2 Times Portfolio Ust comprises a 
flroup Ol puMte 

sham are listedon me Stock 
Exchange and Queued in The Timw 
Slock B'Chaneeprlces pane. The 
companies comptlslits that tw will 
chaw from day ip day 
(which is numbered »- 
into four randomly dMrjbuted groups 
ol ii shares. Every Poiuolio card 
con lairs two numbers Inmi each 
group and cacti card contains a 
uniQue set of numbers. 

S Thnrs portfolio -dl\ Idend - wfll be 
In pe 

It If for any reason. The Times 
Prices Page K not nuUDiied In Uie 
normal wav Times Portfolio win be 
suspended for Ihal day. ' 

■Haw CD pbv - Oaky DMdend 
On each day your.unique set of eftfit 
numbers win represent commercial 
and industrial shares published In The 
Times Portfolio list wticn will appear 
on the Slock Exchange Prices page. 

In the columns provided next Id 
your shares note the price change <+ 
or -I. In pence, as pobUshed in that 
day's Times. 

After listing the price changes of 
your eight shares tor that day. add up 
all eight share changes lo give you 
ur overall total plus or minus If or - 

the figure fn pence which represents 
me optimum movement tapnom JLe. 
ihe largest »ncre^ «-,lowaiotti rt a 

r r 

comMnauon of ei ght itw o from rach 
randomly dtairtbutetwi uup with in Ihe 

44 shaves tof the 44 shares which on 
any one day comprise The Times 
Portfolio Ito*- 

4 The dally tllvldwd win be 
announced each day and ihe weekly 
dividend wfll beannounced each 
Saturday in The Tlmci. 

5 Times Portfoflo tol and tfettusof 
ihe daily or weekly dividend win also 
be available for inspection al Uie 
offices of The Times. 

6 If ihe overall vrM 

more than one com Dina bon of shares 
equals Ihe dividend, uw 
equally divided among Uie claimants 
holding those combinations of shares. 

7 All daunt are sutweet lo scrut iny 
before payment Any Tim es P ortfolio 
card that is defaced, tampered with or 
incorrectly primed in any way will be 
declared void. 

8 Employees of News. miernattonal 
pic and ils subsidiaries and of 
Euro win I Group Limited i producers 
and distributors of me ordi or 
members of (heir Immediate families 
arc not allowed lo Play Times 

Check your overall total against The 
Times Portfolio dividend Published on 
the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

IT your overall total matches The 
Times PorUoBo dividend you have 
won outright or a snare of Ihe total 
prize money staled for that day and 
nusl dal in your prtt* as instructed 

must c 

- Wntdy DMdend 

record your daily 

How to 


irlfow local. 

Add ihew together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

If your total matches the published 
weekly dividend figure you nave won 
outright ops share of the pree money 
stated for that week, and mug claim 
your prize as instructed below. 

How to (US 

Telephone The Time! NriftMoctata 
IMTR&*-532n between lonoan and 

unm. «L JS2JE"a9J°^ 

mttehM The wme ll e ptwtdend . 

No otafem can be aoeeptiKl ouuwe these 

You must have your card with you 
when you Hsephone. 

9 All parocipanls win be subleci to 
' m All Imh 

ihew Rules AinmiructioiB.oii “how 
10 P«a>-“ and “how to claim * whether 
published in The Times,or m Times 
Portfolio cards will be deemed lo be 

rvtiiwnv ini uj ir* 

pan of these Rules. Tire Editor 
rosenos Ihe rtghl to amend the Buies. 

10 in any dispute. The Editor's 
dectuon Is mol and no correspon¬ 
dence will be entered into. 

If you are unable lo ictephone 
someone else can claim on your behau 
but they must have your card and call 
The Times Portfolio claims ttne 
between Uie stipulated times. 

No responsibility can be accepted 
for failure lo contact the claims office 
for any reason within live stated 

Tnc above instructions are ap¬ 
plicable to both daily and weekly 
dividend dolma. 

n Moon pets: Hoon rises: 

1.14 am 7.02 pm 
Fid moo n : July 21 

Lighting-up time 

London 939 pm to 4£5 am 
Bristol 9.48 pm U 4^45 am 
Edtaburah 10.15 pm to A24 *n 
Manchester 9L57 pm to 4414 am 
Penzance 9.54 pm to 5.03 am - 


Temperabyes at midday yesterday: e. 
dowfr I, fair r, rain: s. sun. 

C F 

c 1457 Goemay 
c 1864 Imemesa 
c 1661 Jeraay 

c 1864 London 
c 1763 Wnchster 
I IB 64 UewcaHe 
c 1457 fTnldswiy 




C F 
s 1661 
S 2272 
C 1559 

C 1661 
S 1661 

Pollen warning 

People who are allegk: to grass 
pollens only will now find their 
distressing symptoms disapp¬ 
earing us the grass pollen season 
draws to a dose,, the Asthma 
Research Council said yes¬ 

However, many thousands of 
people suffer allergic reactions 
to other pollens and seasonal 
mould spores, and for them 
Asthma 'hayfever’ will still be 
causing problems. These people 
should continue with their 
medication even though the 
official pollen counts in their 
area may be very low or almost 

-. _ - Printed ay London Post iPrint- 

IN’ - 

V r :. -V 

pCJSt'fr* " —- - 

ihe ‘ ‘ - - ■- 

F inishing touch from the sculptor, Miss Karen NewmaiL .j 

■: - • • . . 5 

djTff — _ • 

■'f.rJi " yl . r- 

ff.-.r. "r 

V. 4 

\ r -a 


fFjr.r-r'.. ■- 

BunzI tekeov 

BuTJi “*•- ■ ' '■ * » 

- : 

siKti : : * ■ 



MS.' » • v " ! 


Ferries chiei 

A depression to the N of 
-Scotbnd wOl more my 
NE leaving an unstable W 
to NW airstream over 
most oTBritain. A ridge of 
hig|i pressure will extend 
across S districts, while 
frontal systems with cloud 
and rain will reach the 
NW later. 

Krw-V- : 



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Gesie-ner di; 

Sl - r-t^ " — ;■ 

MX if.' -• • 

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. •' ••.~ : •«.'> j 

**’■’5 “ I...T, : : 

S r r F ■ ' irr “ 

B-bluc sky: bc-bfoe sky and doud: c- 
cioudy. novercast: m«bt ridrizzie: ft- 
haU: mlMmlsl: r-raln: s-snow: Ov 
ihundersioTm: p^ttowns. - 
Arrows show wind direction, wind 
speed imMi) circled. Temperature 



KT . WW .KT 
BJL 1154. ,%Z 
3.711A4 S7 
11.0 5.14 113 
32 9.1«,: Jt 2 
10a 459 104 
4J 335 .47 
ae ora ss 
45 MS 45 
4J3 1050' 42 
3J3 9^9 _ 34 
45&M- 47 
6.3 4,H...-G5 

7.6 3S4: 77 
12.1S 4J9 

82 825 03 

2.1 7.22 23 
42 - 951 -A3 
&9 Atl vBA 
53 3J» -6JI 
37 4.10 '53 
■4.7 244 .47, 
15 ,448V .l| 
'40 92B. 

62 920 :55 
4.0 805. 42 
QJO 424 .^82 

4.6 -t42T4£ 

37 9.46 .38 

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Aroimd Britain 

-Son Rain 
hrs In 

Scvboro 11.0 
BridHnflton 113 - 

Cmmr ' 188 
Luwuutoft 92 
Clacton 11.0 - 

Ham ate X - 

RrikMtm 123 - 

KaaOnga X - 

Eaatboorm- 129 
Brighton 124 - 

Worthing 118 - 

UttMmwtn 121 - 

BognorR 127 - 

Soufluea 148 
Sandman X 
StaHMta . .138 - 

Boumefnth 138 
Poole 11.9 - 

Swanago. 108 
Weymouth 122 .- 

Eunouth 98 
Teigomwlh 108 - 

Toitpiay 108 
Falmouth 112 
Penzance .11.1 - ■- 
JflTMjr 126 - 

w^toSast 1 - 

ScByWea 128 .- 

Newquay 118 

C F 

22 72 sunny 
20 68 sunny 

X X sunny 

23 73 sunny 
23 73 sunny 
23 73 sunny 

Sun Rain 
hrs In 
88 - 
Tenby 78 <- 

CotwynBay 48 . 
Mo rec am be 22 
Dougtoa 98 - 

C F 

17 63 

18 64 
17 63 
16 61 



sunny v . 

23 73 sunny 

24 75 sunny 
23 73 sunny 

22 72 sunny 

23 73 sunny 
23 73 sunny 
22 72 sunny 
22 72 sunny 

20 68 
20 68 
X X 
20 68 
21 77 
IS 66 
2D 68 
21 77 
19 66 

19 €6 

20 68 
20 68 













London ,13.1 - 23 73 

WbamAfept 88- •- 19 66 

9.1 --20 88 

98 ;- 20 68 

7.1 - 18 64' 

5-5 - 17 63 

37 - 17 63 

9J — 13 64 

WdflHn-Tyiw 6.1 - 17 63 

4.4 -81 17 63 



brig». lV 


surety ■■ 

IS 66 sunny 
21 70 sunny 

- SCOTLAND - . . . 
.Esfedatem* 25 M 

Pmtwi cl t 4.4 .01 

Glassow - 28- 83 

Time. 18 ria 
Storaoway 08 22 
LanMcfc 0.1 .13 
Wek ■ 8T 81 
KMoss . 38 

AbHttMD ' 78 
SL Andrews 88 .- 
Edtebw g h .6.1 

. mmrHEBNmajuo 
Bcffast 48 

13 55-sbOWters 

15 9B.teV« 

16 61 stioifanr. 

14 57 shteMO 
.13 '55 .shows* 
13 55 toB % 

15 SS showsa 

16 61 
19 66 
19 66 
13 64 

- 17 63 shraM** 

isfes s3®r 



4M00AY: c. daxt i drizzle; f/ fain fg, fog; r, rain; s, sum sn, snow: L thunder J. 

' C-F' • 











C F ■ 
i 28 79 Cologne 
8 31 88 Cphagn 
8 30 66 Cwfe 
3.27 BI.MMn 

C F- 
f 28 62 
f 22 72 

-s 30 86 Matte., 
e 16.61 MeVnaT 

f 19 66 Dubrnek f 26 77 MaakoC 
S 34 93RBO s 29 64 WamT - 
c- 41106 ftomw* S 28 82. Mfan ■ 
r 29 84 FranWurt s 28 82 HamreaT 
s 26 79 Funchal s 29 84 Moscow 







B Aires' 


Cape Tta 



1 23 73 GlbfaRar 
3 29 84 HtesWd 
f 30.66 Hong |C- 
e 21 70 ten ra re k 
s 30 88 mantol- 
1 20 68 Jeddah 
C 21 70 JCbutg* •. 
s 28 82 KatacM. - 
L Palmas 
s 86 97 Lisbon 
r 14 57 Locarno 
s & 77 LAngete* 
s 32 90 Lurerobg 

Ch'cburch s 11 52 Madrid 

8 26 79 Hunch 
*25 77 Nmbl 
f 21 70 Nulec . 
c-30 66 N PeW 
S 27 81 NYork*‘ 
£ 28 82 Mw 
s 17 63 Paris 

s zb. 7» Per® . 
a Si 88 
s 26 79 

c 81.70 _ 

f 26 79 Hodeji 
e 32 90MyaM> 

’denotes Weteusday'e are latest avaU&b 

■- C ’f 

3 ZB 82 Rome - \s 25 -77 
C 26 79 Satzbum s 25- 7? 

S 28 :ffi; S Frisco*. * -16. W 
c 12 54 SanBago* -c S 48 
/ 16 64 SPaun* -f 2Z;72. 
5 32 90 Seoul - .cr-25 77 

5 SJ81 Stopper S 3I.M 

f 20 n Stmab^ 
a 25 77 Sydnar 

6 25 77 Tartar 
l 29 84 TeS 

f * 

t 28 79 Tokyo 

* 06 79 Tom 

C 20 68'Tuote 
» 24 75 _ _ __ 

* » « vnrttf 
c 14 57 Venie* 

* 26 79 . Vienna ,• 

c 10 50^Warsaw__ 

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FT 30 Share 
1316.8 (+ 10 . 5 ) 

ft-se 100 
1609.3 (+12.0) 



USM (Data stream) 
125.14 (+ 0 . 14 ) 


US Dollar 
1.5135 (+ 0 . 006 ) 

W German mark 
3.2487 (- 0 . 004 ) 

74.1 (+ 0 . 2 ) 

Dollar fall 

7 The dollar continued weak 
yesterday, after dropping to an 
overnight low of 156.30 
against the yen in the Far East. 
In London it closed at 157.15, 
down on the previous dose of 

' .The dollar was hit by the 
announcement of a 0.8 per 
cent drop in US housing starts 
Iasi month. It fell by nearly a 
pfennig to DM2.1455 against 
the mark. The pound gained 
60 points to $1.5135, and the 
sterling index 0,2 to 74.1. 

Final money supply figures 
from the Bank of England 
showed a 1.3 per cent nse in 
sterling M3 in banking June, 
and a £2 ,15 billion increase in , 
bank lending. Narrow money, | 
M0. rose 0.5 per cent. 

Over the 12 months to June, 
sterling M3 was up by 183 per 
cent M0 by 3.1-per cent. Ml 
by J8.6 per cent. M2 by 11.5 
percent and PSL2 by 14.1 per 
cent - 

Bnnzl takeover 

■ J Bund, the aqulsitive paper 
and plastic group, has 
launched an agreed £14.8 
million bid for J.R. Cromp¬ 
ton. the privately owned spe¬ 
cialist paper manufacturer 
which is the world's second 
largest supplier of tea bag 

Jobless trend 
remains on 
upward course 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The underlying trend in not very encouraging. The the rate would have been 13*1 
unemployment remained number of people in employ- per cent. 
firmly upwards last month, mem actually feU by 5,000 in Mr John Prescott, Labour's 
Vc ^K« unemp oyinenl , rt> ? e ty. lhe quarter, the first fell employment spokesman, criti- 
new W* , of forthree years, and the net rise cized the change. “The 
3^—0,400. Wages arc rising by of 25,000 in total numbers in Government's fiddles are ex- 
neariy five percentage points work only came about because posed by today's figures,” he 
faster than prices, and produc- of an assumed 30,000 increase said. “We now have record 
tivity growth has come to a in the number of seif-em- unemployment but the per- 
nalt in manufacturing ployed people. Employment ccntage rate has fallen. The 
industry. in manufacturing, fell by 7,000 official figures are little better 

Tire official labour market in April and 21,000 in May. than fraudulent propaganda." 
gj W iwrt JMKriiy by The j m ,'Hi on rise in jobs Average earnings rose by 
the Department of Employ- over jj, c r^j |}j ree years is 7.5 per cent in the 12 months 

ment. mnitnn frai ninvino. _- > 1 . J . .. ><__— 

ment, contain few encourag¬ 
ing signs. The unadjusted 
jobless total, including claim¬ 
ant school leavers, fell by 
41,520 to 3,229,372. 

A fall of more than 50,000 is 
normally expected in June, as 
the number of outdoor and 
summer Jobs increase. And 
the June figures do not include 
100,802 school leavers who 
will not be entitled to claim 
benefit until September. 

Lord Young of Grafiham, 
the Secretary of State for 
Employment, chose to give 
emphasis to new figures for' 
employment “The number of 
people at work in the labour 
force as a whole rose by25,000 
in the first three months of 
1986," he said. "This takes the 
number of new jobs created 
over the last 12 months to 
238.000 and...over the last 
three years beyond the million 
mark to 1,017,000.” 

The latest employment fig¬ 
ures, on closer analysis, are 

Shell and 

entirely accounted for by in- to May, exactly in line with 
creases in female part-time the underlying inenrase. In 

Ferries chief 8^ deal 

Mr Geoffrey Parker, chair¬ 
man of ibe barbourdivision of 
European. Ferries, hat been 
appointed group * ofaajnban. 
Mr Ken Siddfe wanted' to 
relinquish the chairmanship, 
but he remains as managing 
director. 1 

Gestetner dips 

Profits at Gestetner Hold¬ 
ings slipped from £6.23 mil¬ 
lion to £5.12 million before 
tax in the six months to May 
3. Turnover was down from 
£208 million to £192 million 
and the interim dividend is 
unchanged at 0.5p. 

- • ... Tempos,page22 

Bank up 

Rank Organisation in¬ 
creased profits from £62.8 
■million to £70.2 million before 
jax in the six months to May 
37. Turnover was up from 
.£212 million to £225 million 
^nd the interim dividend 
.raised from 5.5p to 6JZ5p. 

Tempos, page 22 

BET jumps 

BET. the international ser¬ 
vices conglomerate, made tax¬ 
able profits in the year to 
March 31 of £124.6 million 
against £92.8 million for the 
comparable 12 months. The 
total dividend was raised to 
■fop. an increase of 14.3 per 

- - Tempos, page 22 

Country store 

• The John Lewis Partnership 
Is to build its first out-of-town 
department store on a green- 
. field site close to the M40 at 
High Wycombe, Buckingham¬ 

Wall Street IS 

Copay News 18 UwtTraSB 20 
Comment 19 Commodities 20 
Stuck Market 19 USM Pnces 20 
Forriga Exch 19 Stare Pres 21 
Traded Opts 19 Ttyapas 22 

. . By.Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

- Shell and Esso have reached 
an agreement to sell gas Bom 
the Fulmar oil field m the 
central North' Sea to the 
British Gas Corporation. De¬ 
liveries will total about 50 
million cubic feet a day, about 
1 per cent of Britain's needs. 

Delivery of gas through 
Fulmar’s £357 million gas 
production system will begin 
soon. Shell said. The gas 
project has brought the total 
cost of exploiting the Fulmar 
field, 170 miles east of Dun¬ 
dee, to £970 million. 

- The field is operated. J>y 
Shell UK Exploration and 
Production in a joint venture 
with Esso Exploration and 
Production UK. About 94 per 
cent of the field's recoverable 
oil and gas reserves lie in the 
Shell/Esso block. 

The rest is in a block 
licensed to Amoco Enterprise, 
Amerada Hess, Texas Eastern 
and MobiL 

Under the terms of the new 
deal, they will sell their share 
of the gas to Shell and Esso, 
which already provide about 
one third of Britain's oil and 
gas production. 

Gas from Fulmar's estimat¬ 
ed 150 billion cubic feet of 
.reserves will pass through a 20 
inch pipeline to the Shell and 
Esso processing plant at St 
Fergus in Aberdeenshire. Liq¬ 
uids separated from the gas 
will be sent by pipeline to the 
companies' jriant at 
Mossmorran in Fife. 

Fulmar was discovered by 
Shell and Esso in 1975 in an 
area where exploration had 
been unsuccessfiiL 

Oil production began in 
1982 and peak output has 
reached 160,000 barrels a day. 
Estimated ultimate recovery 
of the field is 427 million 
barrels of oil and 43 million 
barrels of natural gas liquids. 



■S3Sl2t_- 1785.43 (+11-25) 

SwKdow 17725.63 (+24.73) 
^ on 91?*® 1 «7ca ti (~3.B7) 

Sydney: AO- 

cSSW ....... 

Brussels: - eg. 



'London dosing prices **9* 21 

r - i r 1 


: Bank Base 

Sun Alliance 

Standard Chart 

Tops Estate 

Laird group 


London Fixing: 

dose $347. 

r, KS 8 

$ ’'igBSt SBES* 


employment, up 589,000, and manufacturing, earnings also 
self-employment, up 488,000. rose by 25 per cent. The rate 
Other job categories have of inflation in May was 2.8 per 
fallen. cent 

, M«; Jon Shields, director of JJgj. 

l ' v *ty growth, produced poor 
raid that there are 1 million figures for unit labour costs. In 

IhaS May, unit wages and salaries 
**3? in manufacturing were 7.3 per 

one in five of the male cent up on a year earlier, in the 

months ending in May. 
d wa 8 es and salaries were 

Wales, Northern Ireland and 
the North of England. 

7.7 per cent up on the corre- 

The De pan ment of Em- sponding period of Iasi year, 
ployment has changed the the same increases as in 

basis for calculating tlie unem¬ 
ployment rate. It is now 

March and April. 

Unit wage and salary costs 

calculated as a percentage of for the whole economy were 
the working population, in- U p by 6.8 per cent on a year 
eluding the self-employed. earlier in the first quarter. Last 
The rate, on the new basis, year they rose by 5 6 per cent 
for June was 11.7 per cent for Output per head m manu- 
both the adult seasonally ad- facturing fell by 0.5 per cent in 
justed, and the unadjusted March, and by 0.2 per cent in 
jobless totals. On the old basis, April before edging up by 0.3 
excluding the self-employed, per cent in May. 

EEC shipyard aid 
should benefit UK 

From Jonathan Braude, Brussels 

Subsidies will form the Within the limits, the Corn- 

main plank ofa new European mission will no longer de- 
Communily shipyard policy mand the-rationalization and 
next year, aimed at fightingorf restructuring programmes 
competition from Japan and which have a been a condition 
South Korea. for allowing governments to 

A policy document, now at subsidize -their industries 
the final drafting stage in the since the introduction of the 
European Commission, calls current EEC Shipping Direc¬ 
tor government subsidies to tive in 1981. 
the most efficient shipbuilders The Commission's ideas 

in Europe. mark a significant shift from 

Unless significant changes the market forces rhetoric of 
are made during intergovem- the early 1980s. Brussels now 
mental talks at the end of the recognizes that Western 
year, Britain believes it will Europe’s shipyards cannot 
benefit from the new ap- survive without state aid. In 
proach. But some Continental the last 10 years, European 
yards may suffer. Brussels shipyard production has fallen 
wants direct state aid to bridge by 3.1 million tonnes - a 
the gap between construction decline of 62 per cent since 
costs in the Far East and in the 1976. 
top European yards. The fresh attitude offers a 

But help will be limited to glimmer of hope to countries 
cover the costs of the leanest, such as Britain, Holland and 
most effiriem European yards. Denmark which have used 
The high-cosi shipbuilders subsidies sparingly over the 
in countries which have not past few years and rational- 
restructured their industry ized their shipbuilding sectors, 
since the present crisis began 

will be faced with the stark • British Shipbuilders said 
choice they have avoided so last night that the possibility 
fen rationalize or go to the of Britain benefiting from an 
wall. increased shipyard subsidy 

There will be a ceiling, not would not cause a change of 
only on direct aid as in the heart over the recently-an- 
past, but also on indirect pounced closures and 3,500 
subsidies and fiscal measures, job losses (Our Industrial 
such as shi pbuilders’ tax relief Correspondent writes). 

Shop sales buoyant 

By Oht Industrial Correspondent 

The high street sales boom 
looks like continuing through¬ 
out this month — thanks to the 
summer weather, the Budget 
tax cuts and the .reduction in 
mortgage rates. 

Results of a distributive 
trades survey by the Confeder¬ 
ation of British Industry show 
that most retailers expect to 
do belter business this month. 

Mr John Caff, the CBI 
director of economic affairs, 
said: “Sales are continuing to 
improve after a disappointing 
spring when trade was hit by 
the poor weather. 

Retail sales volumes picked 
up in May and June, and 
retailers expect even fester 
growth above last year's levels 
in July.” 

The survey shows that foot¬ 
wear and leather goods shop 
reported the best sales in¬ 
crease and were the most 
optimistic about July. 

Sales of summer shoes and 
sandals were hit .by the bad 
weather, but were improving. 

Clothing shops also expect 
to do better this month; 80 per 
cent said it should be better 
than a year ago 

BAA profits 
jump 20% 
before selloff 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Sir Norman Payne: doubts about rate of traffic growth 

The British Airports Au¬ 
thority yesterday reported 
trading profits up by 20 per 
cent to £86.8 million despite 
slower in traffic growth. The 
accounts were the last annual 
figures before privatization in 
the first half of next year. 

.With the return on average 
net assets at 7.5 per cent — 
exceeding targets agreed with 
the Government — analysts 
were marking up the amount 
the sale is likely to raise to 
£550 million or more. Earlier 
estimates wens around £500 

BAA owns seven airports, 
including Heathrow and 

After a meeting with Sir 
Norman Payne, BAA chair¬ 
man, analysts were largely 
sanguine about BAA as a long¬ 
term stock, drawing compari¬ 
sons with AB Ports, floated in 
1983. whose share price has 
risen substantially. But they 
gave warning that profits 
could drop considerably in'a 
given year before pulling back 

BAA increased revenue in 
the year by 9.4 per cent to 
£395.6 million. It achieved a 
14.8 per cent reduction in 
costs per passenger in real 
terms and there were produc¬ 
tivity improvements. 

It has reduced its borrow¬ 
ings by £21 million and write^ 
offt promised this week by the 

Government mean BAA will 
be relatively debt free on 

But question marks hang 
over the group's shorter-term 
profits performance. 

The Government has im¬ 
posed a tight ring of regula¬ 
tions to avoid any problems 
arising from an airports mo¬ 
nopoly and Sir Norman ad¬ 
mits there could be questions 
for a couple of years over a 
return to greater traffic growth 
because of the fell in North 
American visitors. 

The financial results for the 
year were satisfactory since 
the growth in traffic was at a 
slower rate of 4.8 per cent. Sir 
Norman said. Air movements 
increased by 17 per cent 
overall and 5.4 per cent in the 
South East Passenger growth 
was up about the same 
amount in the South East 

BAA saw cargo throughput 
down +.3 per cent during the 

- Since April this year the 
worst affected market has 
been the north Atlantic, said 
Sir Norman. Carryings have 
been down as much as a 
quarter over the previous 
year. But this had been 
“considerably” offset by a 
significant upturn in Britons 
going out on package tours. In 
the last half of June Heathrow 
and Gatwick had seen a small 
upturn in growth. 

Brewer’s PEP ‘does not go far enough 9 

plea fails 

Matthew Brown, the Lanca¬ 
shire brewer, yesterday failed 
in its High Court attempt to 
Mock any renewed takeover 
bid by Scottish & Newcastle 

The company asked Mr 
Justice Macpberson to quash 
last November's report by the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission, - which decided 
S&N’s £100 million bid would 
not harm the public interest. 

Brown, which is based in 
Blackburn* Lancashire, com¬ 
plained that it was deprived of 
a fair opportunity to convince 
the commission that a take¬ 
over would be harmfid. 

The judge ruled that Its case 
was not “soundly based” and 
should be dismissed. 

He ordered Brown, whose 
brews in chide Theakstons 
Old Pecnlier, to pay the legal 
costs to the commission and 

Its bid was made on April 3 
last year,, but frozen three 
weeks later when it was re¬ 
ferred to the commission on 
the grounds that it involved a 
company with assets of more 
than £30 million. 

The Edinburgh-based com¬ 
pany has indicated that It will 
consider renewing its takeover 
campaign when the one-year 
“cooling off period” imposed 
by the referral has expired. 

Mr Justice Macpherson 
said Brown wanted to see the 
commission report impugned 
in case it gave the green light 
to any fresh bid. 

The judge said the earlier, 
bid was tread and any new 
takeover attempt was likely to 
involve an inquiry with new 
feds before it 

For that reason even if 
Brown's arguments had ap¬ 
pealed to him, he would not 
have exercised his discretion 
to quash the commission 

The judge added:“For the 
present, I think it protests too 
much and its application is not 
soundly based and should be 

• T and R Theakston, a 
member of the Matthew 
Brown Group, is to transfer 
production from its Carlisle 
brewery to Workington, Cum¬ 
bria. This will result in the 
domra of the brewery in 

Carlisle T __ 

Law report, page 22. 

By Graham Searjeant, Financial Editor 

Sir Nicholas Goodison, 
chairman of the Stock'Ex¬ 
change. said yesterday that the 
Personal Equity Han (PEP) 
does not go far enough in 
reducing the tax barriers to 
investing directly in shares. 

PEPs were unlikely to be as 
successful in promoting wider 
share ownership as more am¬ 
bitious schemes abroad such 
as the French Loi Monory or 
equivalents in Belgium, Swe¬ 
den and Norway. . ; 

The criticism comes, just a 
week before the Government 

opens its publicity campaign 
to promote PEP. Giving the 
Centre for Policy Studies 
Templeton lecture in the City. 
Sir Nicholas said: “We have a 
very, very long way to go 
before we can say that 
shareholding has become a 

“Does the PEP plan go fer 
enough? 1 suspect dol” To 
turn 'share ownership imo~a’ 
habit; he said, ^we need bold 
and decisive fiscal refrains 
aimed at making share owner¬ 
ship desirable, something each 

saving citizen feds he cannot 
do without The PEP scheme 
is a first tentative step, but it 
will not achieve this aim”. 

The Government should 
simplify PEPs “or they will 
not get promoted”. Sir Nicho¬ 
las advised. 

Calling for more dramatic 
initiatives. Sir Nicholas said 
he was personally sympathetic 
to theridea of-handing over 
shares in nationalized Indus* 
Ui^taalLaduhJatizens free.of 
charge, as . espoused by the 
Social Democratic Party. 

Trusts mixed oyer proposals 

Proposals to limit the Association, welcomed the 
amounts that can be invested lhnits.“Obviously 1 wish it 
in unit and investment trusts were more, but we are ex- 
via Personal Equity Plans tremely pleased to be included 
drew a mixed response from in the scheme”, 
the industries yesterday. But Mr Tiro AbeDL chair- 

The limits, announced yes- man of the Association of 
terelay by Mr Norman La- Investment Trust Companies, 
moot, the Financial Secretary said, he was disappointed, “it 

plans, which would operate on 
similar lines to existing trusts. 

Further details as to bow the 
PEP is to operate are to be 
unveiled next Thursday by the 
Government in two 

man of the Association of documents-One will be a Trea- 
Investment Trust Companies, sury guide to plan managers 
said he was disappointed. “It and the other a technical 
seems to me to be extremely document on taxation and 

to the Treasury, will allow up seems to me to be extremely document on taxation and 
to £420 a year or 25 per cent of perverse that the Government. oihetaspecls jif the PER from 
an investor s annual suosenp- should discriminate against the Inland Revenue, 
lion (whichever is the higher) that part of the market that is •Surrey Building Society is 
to be invested in unit and most suitable for the first-time offering mortgages on the 
in vestment trusts. investor.” f bisis of 3 -25 times gross single 

Mr Chve Fenn Smith, the Mr Lament also opened the income and three times iomt 

chairman of the Unit Trust door yesterday to pooled PEP 

•Surrey Building Society is 
offering mortgages on the 
basis of 3.25 times gross single 
income and three times joint 
gross income for the first time: 


BT chief confident of rise in 
demand and group profits 

Sir George Jefferson, chair¬ 
man of British Telecom, 
struck a confident note in BTs 
report and accounts published 
yesterday,, when he pointed 
out the continuing improve- 
men! in the group's quality of 
service lo its customers, grow¬ 
ing demand for services and 
progress in profitability- 

He said the current year had 
started with good volume 
growth. Competition would 
lead to an inevitable loss of 
market share, but BT would 
respond “in a variety of ways, 
wherever appropriate and nec¬ 
essary. acting in the belief that 
it is important for us to retain 
a substantial share of the 
profitable business market," 
he added. 

Sir George's ^salary conun- 

By Alison Eadie 

ued to reflect BTs move to the 
private sector. Last year he 
was paid £172206. a rise of 55 
percent, which followed a rise 
the previous year of 32 per 
cent from the 1984 salary of 

A spokesman for BT said 
that the board's salaries were 
fixed by the Government 
prior to 1984, but since priva¬ 
tization the company had 
moved to bring salaries more 
into line with similar-sized 
private sector companies. 

BT also gave a breakdown 
of its shareholding structure, 
which showed that individual 
shareholders at tbe end of May 
numbered 1.57 million, a 
decline of 5.7 per cent from 
the previous year's 1.66 mil¬ 
lion individuals. They now 

accounted for 126 per cent of 
total shareholders as against 
13.7 per cent previously. 

Insurance companies, pen¬ 
sion funds andother corporate 
bodies increased their hold¬ 
ings to 36.6 per cent from 35.1 

The report stated that BT 
spent about £190 million on 
its trunk network and switch¬ 
ing centres in the conversion 
programme to digital working 
and to allow for growth. 

Of the £161 million spent 
on research and development, 
about 60 per cent related 
directly to improving network 
performance and developing 
new terminals and customer 
services. The remaining 40 per 
cent went on longer-term 


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Shares rally in early trade 

. Jut 
















AMR 47* 

ASA ' SB* 
Anal Signal 38 
ABedStrs 46 
AteCrtmre 4 
Am Brands 91 
Am Can 7S% 
AmCyiund 73 
AmBPwr 28* 
AmE*jrass 58 
Am Home 85* 
Am Motors 4 
AmSt'nrd 30% 
AmTfilapfJ 24 K 
Amoco 56X 
• Armco Steel 7% 
Asarco 13* 
Ashland Ofl 55* 
At Richfield 48* 
Awn Prods 33* 
BlorsTstNY 45* 
BfeWtamer • 14* 
BkotBston 37* 
BankotNY 63* 
Betti Steel 1314 


-Srden - *5* 

Bg Warner 35 
BnstMysrs 78* 
BP 34% 

BurTtontnd 37 
BurTtonNtn 60% 

- Burroughs 67 
CmpOeiSp 60% 
Can Pacific 11* 
Caterp«er 44* 
Ceianosa 196 
Central SW 32% 
Champion 23 
Chase Man 39* 
ChmBKNY 46% 
Chevron 34% 
Chrysler 34% 

Oa^EquIp 19% 

Coca Cola 


_ 138% 

CTm&iaGas 41% 
CmO'tnEng 30 
Comwtttai 32% 
ConsErfts 46% 
Cn Nat Gas 28% 
Cons Power 12 
Cntrl Data 22% 
CorrtngGJ 62% 
CPCttfl. 66% 
crane 26% 
Cm Zeller 37% 
Dart & Kraft 59% 
Deere 24% 
DeltaAIr 38% 
Detroit Ed 16% 
DigrtaiEd 84 

DowOwn 53% 
Dresser Ind 16% 
Duke Power 46% 
DuPont 79% 
Eastern Air 9 
Estm Kodak 53% 
Eaton Cora 64% 
Emerson B 79% 
Exxon Corp 58% 
Fed Dpt Sts 79% 

• Dto iSSrj6SnM 






■ 12 * 





- 61% 
: 54% 

11 % 









20 % 









11 % 

22 % 





















Hrastna 24% 
Fsf Chicago- 29* 
FstmtBncp 59% 
FstPatmc 7% 
Ford . 53% 
FTWtodwa ■ *.43 
GAP Corp 34% 
QIC Crap ■ 54% 
Gen Crap 68 
GenDymc* 72* 
Gan&ctric 75% 
Gan hat 18% 
Gen MBs 81% 
Gen Motors 74% 

GnPbUtny .22% 
Genesoo 3* 
GatxvsaPac 29% 
Gdlara 45% 
Goodrich 38* 
Goodyear 31% 
GraAftnc 17% 
Grace 50% 
GtAB&Tac 23% 
Grlmd 33% 
QnxmtCor 27% 

GUt&West 66% 
Heinz HJ. .42% 
Hercules ' 47*. 
H Telt-«crd .36% 















22 % 




1C trim. . 

__ 22% 

IngeraaB - -32% 
In&ndStMl 18% 
IBM - 132% 
tttCO 11% 

mt Paper 63% 
wtStw S3 
trvtngBank - 54 
Jhnsn&Jtm 66% 
Kaiser Akim 16% 
Krar McGee 25% 
Kmb'iyCtrk 87* 
KMart Si* 

L.T.Vi Corp 4% 
Litton 74% 

Lockheed 48% 

Lucky Strs 26* 
ManH'nvar 46 

MamUtoCp 2% 
Mapco . 47% 
Marine Md 47% 
Mrt Marietta 42% 
Masco 47* 
McOonaJds 71* 
McDorwiel 81 
Mead 47 

Merck . 98% 

MtnstaMng 106% 
MoOHOa -29% 
Monsanto 66* 

Morgan J^.' 85% 
Motorola 34* 
NCR Corp 50* 
NLIndstrs 15 
NalDtsttrs 38% 
NatMedEnt 24* 
NatSmcndt 9% 
Norfolk Sth 80 
NWBancrp 37% 
OcckbitPet 25* 

_ 35* 

PacGasB 25% 
Pan Am 6% 
Penney J.C. 73% 
Pemzol 51* 
Fetfaco 30 % 
i li Bo. t MsW dosed 

- 30% 
66 % 
11 * 

. 53% 
66 * 
2 * 

■ 4a 









cAi Coro 
Ovwn &61 





















wr-ar? - - 

rn™ rw 






RCA Con 


. sen 









Sara Lee 
Scott Paper 
Sears ROck 
SheM Trans 

Sun Comp 

Texas E Cor 
Texas Utts 
TRW Inc 
UAL Inc 
Unlever NV 
Un Pec Cor 
Utd Brands 
US Steel 
Jim Walter 

Xerox Corp 



110 * 







22 % 











66 * 



66 * 
62 : 

316 * 
112 * 
202 * 
22 % 

in early trading yesterday, 
. attempting to recover tardier 
.from the 140-point decline of 
early July . ■ • 

Hie Dow Jones industrial 
average advanced seven points 
to 1*782 hi opening deals, 
adding to Wednesday s gain of 
five points. 

Advancing shares led de¬ 
clining issues by a three-to- 
two ratio mi turnover of about 
15 million shares. 

Arlda led the actives, down 
’a to 18 in early deals. IBM 
tried to stabilize after falling 
sharply on Monday's report of 
lower earnings. IBM shares 
were ap % to 133 h, 

_ The Dow Jones industrial 
average advanced farther to 
1,78636, ap 1238; by arid-, 
mormogwhen the transport 
average was.Bp a toll two 
pointoto 725.63. 

The utilities a verage edged 
up 0.06 to 200.92, with the 65 
stodcs average rising 334 to 

The broader New York 
Stock Exchange composite in¬ 
dex was np 0.77 to 136.39 with 
die NYSE industrial index at 
155.39, a rise of 1.09. 

Standard & Poor's 100- 
share index rose 1.40 to 
224.04 while its 500 composite 
index was op 1.50 at 236.51. 


AbffiU 23 ' 
AkxiAbxn ; 39 
AlgranaSB' 14* 
Can Pacific 15 % 
Comkwo 12* 
GonBattvst 24* 
Hkr/SWCan 28% 
HdanBMln 28 
Imssco 34* 
Imperial Oi 35* 
In Spa 43* 
Maaa-Forg n/a 
RylTrasaco 30* 
ram 79 

_Co 24 

ThmanN-A* 31 
WDvHrram 36* 
WCT 13* 





12 * 








a Nexus* * Stud »M I Trated. 1 ItoeusM. 







• The US Commerce Depart¬ 
ment said yesterday that 
boosing starts -had fallen 0B 
pm cent to Jane to 1,845,000 
oa an annuity adfasted rate. 

But Mr Malcolm Baldrige, 
the Commerce Secretary, pre¬ 
dicted continued stren g th in 

of growing consumer incomes 
ana favourable credit 

Housing starts averaged IS 
mfllion in the second Quarter, 
down from two million in the 
first-quarter hot above recent 
yearly performances, he said. 

Richard Lander learns of some bizarre items included on the list of claims 

This week’s agreement be¬ 
tween Britain and the Soviet 
Union on compensation for 
assets seized during the Bol¬ 
shevik Revolution in 1917 
may produce a welcome finan¬ 
cial surprise for a number of 
British companies. 

" Many will be hauling down 
long-forgotten records from 
archive shelves to discover 
just what .investments they 
held in Imperial Russia and 
whether these claims were 
registered with the govern¬ 
ment before 1951. Most hold- - 
mgs will have been written 
down in corporate accounts in 
the years after the' reins of 
power passed from Tsar Nich¬ 
olas to VJ. Lenin. 

According to Foreign Office 
figures, about 37,000 claim¬ 
ants registered a total of 
60,000 claims valued at £400 
million, of which about £50 
million is for bonds, raised to 
build railways and factories 
and .the rest is for properties 
se izedt at the time of the Tsar’s" 
downfall. Successful claim¬ 
ants will receive about 10 per 
cent of their claims bade from 
tiie £45 million of Russian.' 
funds unfrozen by the 

Beyond revealing a few of 
the more bizarre items that 
have been claimed for — the 
list included a live parrot and 
a variety of livestock — the 
Foreign Office has given little 
away about which companies 
or individuals might be in line 
for a payout The official 
reason is that too much infor¬ 
mation might inspire some 
creative interpretation of 
company records. * . 

However the Foreign Office 
does admit , that the records 
reveal the huge scale of British 
investment in Imperial Rus¬ 
sia, something borne out by 
the work of Mr Stuart 
Tbompstone, a lecturer in 
Russian economic history at 
Nottingham University. 

According to Mr 
Thompstone’s researches into 
newspapers, archives and For¬ 
eign Office correspondence of 
the time, British capital 
poured into Russia across a 

Capitalist connection 
that lies behind 
the Lenin legacy 


ny of Manchester,, which 
claimed £6 million for the Joss 
of 121 textile mills, were 
financially ruined by the revo¬ 
lution and eventually went: 
into liquidation. . 

Some claims may be com¬ 
pletely unfathomable. ,Qne 
that may be particularly diffi- 
. cult -to tape is that iof the 
Sunday Times, wftidi put 
nibney into tireNortkCaspian 
Oil Corporation, Unconnect¬ 
ed with The Times -7(Kyears 1 
ago, the newspaper 'paSKd 
from Germanto British-tentis. 
during Worid War L apd a 
Times archivist says that nb: 

records appear to haveVsuj^ 
vived from that era. .The Daily.. 
Express was another newspa¬ 
per trying to supplement hs 
everyday income 
. ances in Russian capitalism. ' 

Banking capital, of coarse, 
went to Russia at IhersanaT 
-time as industrial money; with. - 
most of the leading, ticking 
and merchant banks of ,the 
.time InyolvedTn" some jbrtn. 



Nicholas (far IcftYanS the 
Bolshevik leader Vladimir 
nidi Ulyanov Lenin (above). 
. A Russian Government - 
bond of 1822 (top left) and a 
City of St Petersburel9l3 
bond (bottom left). They 
represented the imperial 
debts that Lenin and his 
revolutionary government 
refused to pay. 

wide spectrum of manufactur¬ 
ing and mining enterprises. 
Three areas that seem to have 
particularly dominated were 
textiles, 01 ] exploration and 
copper mining, with more 
than half the copper extracted 
ib pre-Revolutionary Russia 
bang hewn from British- 
owned mines. 

Perhaps the most famous 
British company involved 
which is still quoted on the 
Stock Exchange is Shell Trans¬ 
port & Trading, a keen explor¬ 
er for Russian oil before 
World War L According to Mr 
Tbompstone, Shell put about 
£5 million into the Black Sea 
Oil & Trading Company and 
at least £300,000 in die Caspi¬ 

an & Black Sea Company. The 
company said it was still too 
early to say if Shell would be 
claiming under this week’s 

. However a spokesman for 
the Vickers stopping group : 
said his company was owed * 
“around.£617,000 in 1919 
terms for armaments deliv¬ 
ered to the Russians before 
and during the early part of 
the First World War”. 

The company would cer¬ 
tainly be looking at the terms, 
of the repayment of the Rus¬ 
sian debts, he said. 

A linle bit of Britain re¬ 
mains alive in Russia in the 
form of the Nikolayev ship¬ 
yard. Ships are still built at the 

yard which was set up with 
technical assistance from 
Vickers under a licensing 

In the textiles, field, howev¬ 
er, few of the companies 
around at the turn of the: 
century survive- - in • iheir 
present form. One heavily 
involved tn Russia at the time 
was J & P Coats of Glasgow, 
today part of the Coats Viyefla 
group after a plethora of. 
mergers in the British textiles 

According tq . Mr 
Thompstone, Coats submitted 
an £8 million claim in respect 
of three nationalized thread 
mills. Other textiles groups, 
such as the De Jersey com pa-.. 

er; is “unclear. 

Although Mr ThompstoneV 
records show British banks 
investing, in Russian .banks 

were probably acting as agents 
for other investors rather than 
on their own behalf Lloyds' 
Bank said it held. a. few 
Russian bonds but soid.them 
off to collectors some June 
ago.-. j.:-v -^V-V 

n.’’ ■ .■ 

■ I 
“s’ 1 . * ’ ■ 

#>w •! !c :' 7 i 

u-. ;-v 





One. bank that, has been 
involved up to the.presem day. 
is Baring Brothers^ the ■ mer¬ 
chant bank which has hejd the 
accounts of tife Jxnpbiri gov^ 
fullyadded. interest imffi tiie 
funds totalled; about £48 nril- 
fiofl. These accounts^ , from v 
which the compensalj.op wip 
be - paid, were unfrozen tiuL.. 
wedL.. ■ ' ‘ '•‘•Lv- 

For Barings, - this "Week> 
agreement will prtfoably have 
little effect on - 
stopped: sending bank' r state- 
ments to the Imperial govera- 
ment 65 yeais ago: 

feia: ^ 


xr." 1 










HOLDINGS^ Year to Mart* 
31: Total divideod 8.5p(7J5p).- 
Turnover £83.41 million 
(£75.28 million).' Pretax profit 
£6.14 million (£4.71 million). 
Earnings per share l&Slp 
(11.96p)= The group continues 
to receive interest on substantial 
cash surpluses in Britain. 

GROUP: Year to April 30.. 
Total dividend 2.1p (O.lpj. 
Turnover £12.02 milliou (£9J53 
million). Pretax, profit £1.63 

I 'million (£853,000). Earnings per r - 
I-share, before extraordinary 
items, 9£p 44 .6p). Pretax profit 
for 1985 is afbw" chaining non- 
. recdrrtng expenditure of 
| £403,000 (directors’ fees and 
pension contributions). The 
company says this should be 
added to the pretax profit, to 

S 've £L25 million, which is a 
ir comparison, with 1985-86. 

1991/96, for/its :eaAjh. redemp- 
£100 nominal.. 

-• - ■ 

jrjj '-• 

T> > ■'.'.'I :• 

On more than doubled tnraover 
of 24.46 lailtioii, against £1.96 
million, pretax profits of the 
WPP Group jumped from 
£157,000 to £4504)00 in the first 
half of this year.. The interim 
dividend is bring raised from 
1-lp to l-25p, payabtoon Janu¬ 
ary-2. These figures indsde a 
first-time ■ contribution from 
three acqrisitious which were 
completed w the first half. The 
board of this industrial holding 
company, based at Hytbe, Kent, 
plans to raise about £7 million 
(net of expenses) by a oae-for- 
fonr un de r m ittea rights issue at 
390p a share- 

SUpport of its cxjmraercial, 
industrial and public sector 
customers around the world. 

Evidence of the success of our policies is 
reflected in the company’s present 
performance and in our recent series of 
carefully chosen acquisitions - all in 
line with our stated strategy. 

For more information about BET call our 
toll-free employee and shareholder 
information line - 0800-289-629. 

Meanwhile, if you see a ladder that goes 
right to the top-it’s probably one of ours. 


March 31. Total dividend (X31p 
(0.3p) on ordinary shares and 
0.62p (0.6p) on A ordinary 
shares. Turnover £5.34 million 
(£5.96 million). Pretax profit 
£216,000 (£253,000). Earnings 
per ordinary share l.25p(1.25p) 
a nd 2.3 1p (2.52p) on the A. 

iivjdend raised .to _4:5p (3^5p) 
for the year to March 31.' 
Turnover £4.6 million (£6.03 
miUibh). Pretax profit £427,000- 
(£ 34 (,000). Earnings per share 
11 -3p (9.2p). Talks now going on 
may lead to two further 

HOLDINGS: Half-year to 
March 31. Turnover £1.16 mil¬ 
lion (£935,000). Pretax profit 
£195.000 (£223,000). Earnings 
per share 3.18p (3.39p>. The 
board reports that all businesses 
are now showing real income 

tal dividend 2Jp—a 25 percent 
increase — for the-year to April 
30. Turnover £30.9 million 
(£26.62 million). Pretax profit 
-£M 6 ~million (£887,000). Ehrn= 
fugs per share 5.7 (2.9p). The 

I enlarged group, including Chart. 
■rFoulfcs: Lynch, is .poised for 
7 greater growth. 

TRUST: Half-year to March 31. 
Turnover £578.000 (£686,000). 
Pretax profit £17.000 (£33,000). 
No tax (nil). Earnings per share 
0-34p (0.66pX 

• ROTA FLEX: Half-year to 
June 30. As Rotaflex is subject 
to a reco mmended offer from 
the GTE Group of the US, it is 
not declaring an interim divi¬ 
dend (1.4p last time). Sales 
£28.76 million (£25.12 million). 
Pretax profit £2:15 million 
(£1.43' million).. Earnings per 
share 12 .Qp ( 8 . 4 p). The board 
says Rotaflex is on target to 
achieve forecast pretax profits of 
noiless than £4.75 million. 

Contracts have been exchanged 
for the sale of Nesco’sHill 
Street, Birmingham, property 
for £435,000.. 

The recomrhended offers by 
Shell UK. and the cash alter¬ 
native offered by Shell Holdings 
(UK) have become uncondi¬ 
tional Acceptances- have been 
received for 12.72 million or-: 
dinary shares and 144.950 pref¬ 
erence shares <97.2 per cere and 
96.6 per cent respectively). 

company plans to" seek the- 
approval of the holders of the 6 
per cent, unsecured loan stock. 

tion at £100 per--- 

There is £300,343nominal stock 
outstanding. r * -r 

m WATSBAATS: Thames Val¬ 
ley Medical pari of the niedteaf 
division, has acquired the natoe 
and certain assets .of Bridge 
Medical Direct from Per riir d ai c 
Medical Industries, for about 
£130,000. Bridge Medhal sup¬ 
plies medical mstruments and T 
equipment. ' ’ 

company is reporting for the 28 

r -weeks to May 17. -toterim 
dividend 4p (4p and: special. . 
'interim of 80p). Pretax prof#'... 1 
; .£L31_.millk»d (£1.31 ^ " 

.Earnings , per share ' 3.62p 
(3.«)pi. -T; ' 

; INGS (subsidiary ofBET): Year , 

. to March 31, compared <wtb the. . 

annualized results for the 12- - 
months to March '31, .M985,- 
Turn over £123.32. million.; 

(£118-21 mfllion). J Pretax profit 
£7.99 million (£7.71 mfllion)-;.. 


(subsidiary of BETJr Year to.'. 
March 31^ Turnover -£89.78 
million (£86.86 mfllion). Pretax 
profit £10.26-million; ’£1031! 
million). - . . • ^ 

DICATE: Quarter to June ^30, 

1986, compared-with Doe char¬ 
ter to March 31. Pretax- infchne 
R29.000 (£7,400), against / 
R142,00a No tax (nil).>• ^ 

• ROMNEY TRUSTsLnterim - 
dividend 1.65p (same) for 
half-year to June 30, payable tat r ‘ ■ ' 
Sept. 4 ; Pretax revenue 
£890,000 (£1.6) mijlioiti. Eanj- 
ingsper share 2.03p (3.48p). 


Half-year, to March- 31. Tuni^ 
over £1.08 mflUtm(£9l9,OOOi 
Pretax profit £18,000 (£28^00). 
&mings per share - 0-57p 
(0.92p). • v * 


dividend 1.5p (same) T payabte 
on Sept. 3. J 













f .: 4 

■ .— K'. # - 


Hampson Ind«stiies, bued ri 
W«t Bromwich, West MH- 
hads, is raising its final diti- 
dead from 0.75p to 0.9p for .foe 
year, to March 31. This boosts; 
the year’s total 
*-245p. TTie board aba. 
Ptopoohig a oaefoiyfen serif 
On tnnwer .ri firea 
£224)1 million to £24^64 mfflSoB* 
pretax profits rose from; £13 
million to £1.71 iBifliiy i.'— M- 
other record. 

• BOOTS: Mr R N Gunn, the 1 

chairman, told the annua) meet- 
ing that m the quarter lo June 30 
group sales worldwide increased 
by 7.8 per cent' In foe itttafl 
diymon, after a low startio the 
year briause of poor'wraiber. : 
sales n 8 ? 0 * 5 - Tte Chemists,'; 
rose -by -8^. peii cent of which • 
only 2.4 per cent was inflation. 
Titere has been a significant"' 
improvement- m-real,' - 
most sections. -. : *- 

TRUST: Interim dividendi4jp ' 
(3^p) for. foe half year to June : 
3ft payable Sept, ft:The boatd 
expects to recommend a final trf; 
not less than 6.5p. which would ■ 

lip (9 *$pX Pretax j«vriiw - 
£914.980 (£777,954), Earnings 
t-3 ipi 

per share 5 J22p (4. 







Adam & Gunpany 




Gonfinena Trust 




C. Hone g.Ca ^ ■ infMl 

Hong Kong 6 SfarofouLlOjODli 

^ -z^iaoM 

^ Baikof.Seoawl^.'lM»] 




t Monpg &toftMfc. 






Leaders enjoy selective support 
as confidence starts to return 


V^- *4 

*v. -jw* 

S2> . 

- T;-.: 


By Michael Clark 

AS^nf&Sr^fsSS? hcipedfflg to sport 

steadier ovSntaht ?£S r S gams of nearly £'/:. Hopes arc 
vesteS oil JEP^ 2° w stands «> rise that the 

confidenceasihp m ® an * t °*" England will soon 
commence as ihe ihe day wore follow the l£d of the US 

' Dealers . i _• federal Reserve and that the 

SUDDori fnM»rilna c ?f Ieclive long hoped-for cut of one half 

SSSSSnSiSfete * ofa **«*W point to 9>h per 
v«S^iS?tSS. £2? 10 =ent in bank base rates is hot 
venture rrom their posiuons too far off 

£te suimort 1 v Sf Marketmen complain that 

also 5 3ELE? 25? Yoric lhc Sills market is unlikely to 
quL q itw 7 n?!„ ?S? ira S ,L show an y more advance until 
S5? *epn»P«l of cheaper money 


Rebased Jan 1=100 . 

FT ailsfum 

FT Government 

- M&ksjS?-!? EK3THS 


■■ --^s. 

44 s* 

_ •« j’M.: ■* 

-. .-T.-^b 

• Si5«g* 

' cltei 

. • «aS 

- - “■< CVS 

; ' - -i* 

n?shi. m< ° ver ‘ Among the fohd retailed J 

flrTneri iTtfm Schweppes Sainsbnry was unmoved at 
0VCr 384 * d«Pitc a targe line of 
U2S2,® *&««*■ * ere stock going through the mar- 
snapped up by the Americans ktL Rowe & fitman. the 

■Z _. x " broker, placed about 5 million 

i jo , strength of Mid- shares — worth almost £20 
land ““VP by 12p to 559p million—with various institu- 
yKterday. Several jobbers are lions. The shares were quickly 
reckoned to be short of stock -snapped up and arc believed 
and hoping to straighten out to have belonged to members 

. . i *« 
' SrjiV. 


' s.’d'i 

their books ahead of the 
shares being dealt with in the 
traded options market on 
Monday. Interim figures, due 
out soon, are now expected to 
make good reading and there 
is also gossip that the group is 
being looked at by Citicorp, 
the US bank. _ 

-firmed by Ipto 173pThere 
. was also support for Jaguar 
'1.2 million shares) 2p higher 
31 540p and Reuters, the 
international news agency and 
financial services group, Sp 
better at 485p. 

' Dealers are now hoping that 
the recent nervousness, stem¬ 
ming from falling 03 prices 
tad fluctuations in the value 
of sterling, has now run its 
. course. A firm start to trading 
on Wall Street enabled the FT 
index of 30 shares to close at 
its best levels of the day, 10.5 
points up at 1,316.8. The 
broader-based FT-SE 100 fin¬ 
ished 12.0 points higher at 

The pound's steadier per- 

of the Sainsbury family. 

Babcock International, the 
engineer, enjoyed a Sp rise to 
190p following the article in 
yesterday’s Stock Market Re¬ 
port. Gose observers maintain 
the group still has a chance of 
a winning a contract from the 
Electricity Council to build 
two coal-fired power stations. 
There is also persistent specu¬ 
lation that the group could 
soon be on the receiving end 
of a bid. BTR and Hanson 
were both being mentioned as 

possible candidates yesterday. 

Pilkiogton Brothers, which 
has been doing 2 lour of 
brokers' offices recently, leapt 
12p to 428p as analysts contin¬ 
ue to re rate the shares. 

Wiadsmoor, the women's 
classic fashion group, cut a 
dash in first-time dealings, 
opening at IJ3p. compared 
with the original offer price of 
!06p. They later settled at 
112p — a premium of 6p. The 
6.6 million shares sponsored 
by Chase Manhattan Securi¬ 
ties were nearly two and a half 
times oversubscribed. 

There were also four new¬ 
comers taking their bow in the 
Unlisted Securities Market. 

Stanley Leisure, which runs 
a chain of bookmakers, started 
life at l!8p. compared with 
the placing price of I lOp and 
closed 9p dearer at 119p. 


Abacs Inv M9pi 
Accord Pub (I25p) 
Alumasc (i50p) 

Arnha Secs (115p) 
Asftey (L) (l35p) 

BBS Design flffp) 
Beaverco (I45p) 

Bipel 37 142pf 
Borland (125p) 

Bredero (145p) 

Chelsea Man (I25p) 
Coated Electrodes (84p) 
Evans Hattshaw (120pJ 
Fletcher Dennys crop) 
Guthne Corp {150p) 

152 +1 




155 +1 

HiUe Ergonom (32p) 
Hodgson (850) 

M6 Cash & C tIOOp} 
Mor^n^enfen (5OTp) 

Sma/fbone (TS5p) 
Soundtracks (4^>) 
Stanley Leisure (11 Op) 
Task Force (95c) 
Temoleton (2l5o) 
Tenby Inds'(ll2p) 
Thames TV (190p) 
Tibbet & Britten (120p) 
Yelverton (38p) 

Urtlock (63 p) 
Windsmoor (I06p) 

458 +2 

Somr DwnM 

Anglia Secure Homes, the 
sheltered housing group, 
scored a 21p premium over 
the placing price of 11 Sp at 

Fletcher Dennys Systems, 
ihe micro-computer systems 
service group, started life at 
7Sp against a placing price of 
70p. but later slipped to 74p. 

Hille Ergonom. the contract 
furniture group, made a shaky 
sun. with a Ip discount at 
9Ip. The shares later rallied 
and finished Ip higher at 93p. 

Wednesday's newcomers on 
the USM continued to suffer 
different fates. Hodgson, the 
funeral director, held on to its 
initial 30p premium, un¬ 
changed at 11 Sp, but M6 Cash 
& Carry, which was ignored 
by investors, lost more 
ground. The price fell 4p to 
S6p - a discount of I4p. 


Antofagasta Nyp 575 

Coioraa HfP 19 

Costain HJP 84 

De La Rue F/P Eio»n + 

Dataserv HIP 41 

Erslune Hse N/P IS -1 

Expamet HIP 12 +2 

IntTsignal N/P 40 

Leigh Interests N/P ■< 

Sheraton Secs F/P 4'? -’j 

Top Value N/P 2>i 

Wight Conns N/P 200 -10 

Yortmount N/P 29 

(Issue price in brackets). 


• • a.-SS.-lt-iSt 

. . ‘ 7 ;': 

■\- - - • 

Three Month Stoflng 

— ; -— 

Dec 86_ 

Mar 87_ 

Jun 87 ____ 

Sap 87_ 

Dec 87_ 

Previous day's total open 
Three Month EkimMar 

Sep 86_ 

Dec 86 __ 

Mar 87___ 

Jun 87__ 

US Treasury Band 

Sap 86_ 

Dec 86_;_ 

Mar 87 __ 

' Short G* , - 1 " " 

Sep 86~__---u— 

Dec 88 _:_ 

Mar 87 __ 

LongGaT- • • 


Dec 86- 

Mar 87_ 

Jun 87 ---—__ 

FT-SE 100 

Sep 86- 




- 9053 

- 90A7 

- 9034 

- 9021 


Merest 14434 

. 10002 


























rtffll/vwn Fntn 


rest 17498 













93.1 B 




Previous day's 
100-09 99-03 

total open interest 7679 
99-11 7791 




lDr-20 101-25 101 

W - 

101-18 225 

101-1B 0 

101-18 0 

MartaI rates 


NYorfc 13073-13150 
Montreal 20712-2.0824 
Brussels 66.760721 
C'phgen 12.1283-12.1978 
Dub* 10866-10835 
Lisbon 222.13-22432 
Madnd 20636-207.48 
Milan 22330-2237.67 
Oslo 112368-113073 
Paris ia4600-ia5l37 
STUilin 106264.100866 
Tokyo 23632-23839 
Vienna 22.75-2209 
Zurich 2024923426 

20-1 Opr am 
6-1 prom 
par-6 dis 

214-1’A prom 

'%prBm-% dB 

10014 prom 


3 months 






130-21 Ode 








Previous day's total open aitoteet 15152 
120-15 121-07 120-13 1^-28 7545 

HfX 120-23 0 

N/T 120*17 0 

N/T 120-17 0 

Previous day's total open Merest 2255 
16250 16330 162AO 163.35 451 

15530 16630 ‘ 165.00 16825 2 

SMfflng iedear compared aMi 1975 wmie> at 74.1 (day's ra nge 7 34-741). 




RratDea&rgs Las* Deafings UutDedantion For Satflement 

'July 7 ' July IB Oct 9 Oct» 

July 21 Aug 1 Ocr 23 Nov 3 

Avgi ■ A^15 Nov B Now 17 

Cal option were taken out on: 17/7/88 Rawm. ABAOO, IBL, Nyman. Jlajrgar. 
BardeaCwh See Gen. Dentstron. Anglo Nordic, ElecwDnlc Rantat. Anratred. Peraiand. 
Brttoil, Epicure. Guinness. JFB. ERC. 

Put Audiotronic. 

Put & Calk. ABACO. Human & HaUam 

Argentina austral*_13608-13630 beland_ 

Australia Qoflar --- 23710-2.3752 Singapore 

Bahrain dinar -O597IM257t0 Mafiysia __ 

Bmza ennado *_2032-20 94 Australia 

Cyprus pound-0-7430-0.7530 Canada- 

Fk&d nods-7.6000-7.5400 Sweden- 

Greece drachma--—2073520935 Norway- 

Hong Kong dofcr__- 113015-113102 Denrwuk- 

'India rupee-:-18.75-18.95 Weet Germany 

Iraq dinar _—-- n/a Switzerland _ 

KuwaddawrKD-Q.435023MO Netherlands — 

Malaysia doBar-- 4.0037-4.0095 France- 

Mflncopesa- S2D-S70 Japan- 

New Zealand dotar-2328623414 toN .- 

Saudi Arabia nyal-5.6480-5.6830 BekMn(Comm). 

SngaporedoHar-3.297423012 HoogKong- 

5ou9i Africa rand-33780-39007 Portugal- 

UAEdtrhem-5327063670 Spain- 


. 13880-13910 
_ 2.1830-2.1840 
. Z6460-23500 
. 03370-0.6377 

- 13750-13755 
_ 7,0400-7.0450 
. 7A475-7A525 

- 6.0300-8.0350 
. 21455-21465 
. 1.7435-1.7445 
. 24195-24205 
. 69325-63375 
. 156-85-757.05 

_ 4430-4436 

. 73130-73135 
. 14220-148.70 
. 13630-137.00 
_ 15.08-15.10 

RMaa uppBed by Barclays Bank HOFEX and EataL UoydsBenkl 


Business remained sluggish. 
Nevertheless, here and there 
signs began to appear of 
returning nerve and the yield 
began to curve ever so slightly 
after being flat for the past few 
days. Most activity remained 
directed into the short dates, 
but the odd buyer nibbled just 
sufficiently enough to bring 
rates off very slightly from the 
sixes outwards. 

CJearvw Baiks 10 
Finance House 10 
Ofecoimt Market Loans * 

Overnight High: 10% Low 6 
Week fluid: 10 
Treasury BBi (Discount *) 

Buying Setfmg 

2mmf>9* 2mntfi9* 

3mnth9!* 3mnth9K 

Prime Bank BIOS (Discount 
1 mnth y»».-9' 3 i* 2mmh 914-9^ 
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tMMlyiBB security price. 

Odd 3347.00-347^0 




Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme N Average reference rate for 
interest period June 4. 1986 to 
July 1, 1986 inclusive: 9.624 per 

The marker is convinced 
thai Mr Mich3el .Ashcroft’s 
Hawley Grasp is gearing itself 
up for another sizeable acqui¬ 
sition after a period of relative 
tranquillity. There are several 
targets being mentioned. One 
is Nu-Swift, ihe fire extin¬ 
guisher manufacturer, where 
Hawley already owns a near- 
30 per cent stake. Nu-Swift 
advanced another 7p to 1 7Op 
— just 3p shy of its peak — 
where it is capitalized ai £74.8 

The other is Mr David 
Evans's beleaguered 
Breugreen, the industrial 
cleaning group, which Mr 
Ashcroft joined straight from 
school as an office boy. Earlier 
this week. Brengreen an- 

• Hoare Govett, the taoker, is 
impressed with Crystalate, the 
electrical products group. It 
claims the shares are among 
the cheapest in the sector. 
They rose 4p to 226p yester¬ 
day, but have been a weak 
market — which, Hoare says, 
presents investors with an 
ideal buying opportunity. < 
Business is picking up and the I 
group bus just received a big . 
order from IBM, the Ameri¬ 
can computer group 

nounceda£l million shortfall 
in pretax profits to £2 million. 
But the shares finned another 
16 p jo 40 , Ap— 2p short of their, 

Hawley already owns 13 per 
cent of Brengreen, which car¬ 
ries a price tag of £26.5 
million. I 

Equity & General, the leas¬ 
ing and garage group, was 
unchanged at its peak of 29p 
after Raphael Zorn, the bro¬ 
ker. announced it had sold 
2.76 million shares, or 11.8 
per cent of the equity, on 1 
behalf of investment clients to 
a mystery buyer. There is i 
growing speculation that the 
buyer is Mr Nigel Wray — of 
Fleet Street Newsletter lame — 
and his partner. Mr Give 
Mauock, who have been be¬ 
hind the revitalization of 
Somportex, the Slush Puppie : 
iced-drinks group. 

Earlier this week, there was 
talk that as much as 25 per 
cent of Equity & General’s 
shares had changed hands. 
Markeimen are now hoping, 
for a large capital injection 
and claim the shares could 
soon reach 60p a share. 

Oil shares continued to 
benefit from the firmer oil 
price, which rose above the 
$20 level on The spot-market 
The price of Brent crude for 
September delivery rose by 
'aboutTA'cents to $lfr.95r— 

BP advanced another lOp 
to 58ip. still reflecting recent 
news of a big oil find in 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Shareowning society 
still a long way off 

The latest surveys of share ownership 
arc encouraging for advocates of the 
equity-owning democracy. On av¬ 
erage, they' show 14 per cent of adults 
owning shares, a dramatic reversal of 
decades of decline. 

But as Sir Nicholas Goodison 
pointed out in his Templeton lecture 
yesterday, that is superficial. The 
Stock Exchange’s own survey showed 
that 51 per cent of shareholders hold 
stock in only one company and a 
further 20 per cent invest in less than 
four, leaving only i.5 million with a 

These figures reflect two govern¬ 
ment successes. Employee share 
schemes, built on foundations laid 
during the Lib-Lab pact, have mul¬ 
tiplied from 30 to more than 1,000 
since 1979, bringing wholly new 
groups into shareholding. Indeed, 35 
per cent of shareholders in the survey 
said they obtained their stock through 
their employer’s scheme. 

Privatization of British Telecom 
has brought another stream of 
newinvestors. and a more likely 
source of a new breed to reverse the 
old tide. The flotation of British Gas is 
likely to boost the numbers with two 

Yet, as Sir Nicholas stressed, there 
is a long way to go. The total value of 
shares in British listed companies in 
the bands of direct investors is only 
about £65 billion, compared with £91 
billion in building society deposits 

and £420 billion in house ownership. 
Even with the special impetus of 
utilities privatized with unheard-of 
razzmatazz, Britain lags behind such 
unlikely countries as Sweden and 
France in individual share ownership. 

The breakthrough there came with 
schemes to make investment tax 
deductible. The personal equity plans 
introduced in the Finance Bill are a 
pale imitation, giving new relief 
effectively only on dividends. They do 
not compare with the tax advantages 
of pensions. 

But is Sir Nicholas right to advocate 
more drastic measures to widen share 
ownership? Those who advocate low 
tax rates on a wide base with few 
reliefs can hardly espouse juicy new 
reliefs for investment. 

Giving away shares in nationalized 
industries — a sort of welfare share 
ownership — looks even less 

The Government might look closer 
at the effect of pensions, whether or 
not they are personal or portable. 
Pensions die with the pensioner, 
artificially extinguishing savings and 
hindering the natural spread by 
inheritance of the sort of free wealth 
that should logically find its way into 
direct stakes in industry. It would not 
be too difficult to give those who save 
through pension schemes a freer 
choice than now between spending 
and maintaining their wealth in 

Cabinet deals its cards 

The July Cabinet meeting on public 
spending, which took place yesterday, 
has become a curious, buz rather 
charming, ritual. Ministers swear 
allegiance to the planned total then, 
after the summer recess, do their level 
best to bust it 

Yesterday went according to plan. 
The planning total of £143.7 billion 
for 1987-88 was reaffirmed, and the 
Cabinet also agreed without much 
difficulty on £148.7 billion for 1988- 

The real battle, however, has still to 
come. John MacGregor, the Chief 
Secretary, has failed to excite the 
popular newspapers into describing 
him either as the’ Chancellor’s 
axeman, a soubriquet enjoyed by his 
predecessors. Rather, he adopts the 
style of the poker player. 

Roughly half of his chips, the total 
being the£6.3 billion reserve for 1987- 
88, will disappear next week with an 
announcement from the Environment 
Secretary, Nicholas Ridley, about 
local authority spending and the rate 
the start of the game proper, Mr 
MacGregor will not have that much to 
play with. 

Last year, the public spending circle 
was squared by a huge increase in the 
amount the Government expected to 
raise from privatization, which counts 
as negative public spending, from just 
over £2 billion to nearly £5 billion. 
This time, with parts of the privatiza¬ 
tion programme falling like ninepins, 
an increase from the existing £4.75 
billion will be stretching things. 

Public spending benefits from the 
fact that inflation is running at a lower 
rate than the Treasury expected. But 
that is probably offset by the slower- 
iban-expected growth in the economy 

Public sector pay, too, is probably 
running ahead of expectations, and, 
crucially for the public sector borrow¬ 
ing requirement, the gap between 
pnvate and public pay has narrowed. 

The autumn public spending round 
will be a difficult one, therefore, 
conducted in the midst of the more 
general debate over spending versus 
tax cuts. Governments have tended to 
achieve some sort of control over 
spending in mid-term then relax it as 
the election approaches. It remains to 
be seen whether this Government is 

-Roy ce. 

It takes at least three months to make it. One hour to fall 


There is nothing quite like driving 
a Rolls-Royce. An hour behind the 
wheel is more persuasive than ivords 
can ever be. 

If you would like to experience a 
new Rolls-Royce first hand, one of the 

dealers listed below will be pleased to 
arrange a test drive for you. 

A brief glance at the classified 
pages will also give you some idea of 
the range of Rolls-Royce and Bentley 
motor cars available for resale. 


Hadley Green Garage 

Paul Green 01-4408252 


Amen el Bournemouth 

Ron Norton (0202)570575 

bh bt o l 

Bnstol Motor company 
Michael Wanack (0272) 266491 


Howetts Meters 

John Hubbard (0222)562363 


S. P- Broughton 

Bob Durians (0242)579552 

Hentys (Midland) 

Peter Todd (0244)313901 

Evans HabTiaw 

Roger Smrtti (0384)53201 


Romans at Pamham _ 

Ffcier packer (0252)727070 

GatMs ol Glasgow 
Martin Shaw 041-8823381 


S&'SS 01-0907061 


Wadfarn Stringer 

Berm Bry ce (0483)65207 


Sl Hefcer Garages 

Peter Moan (0534)31341 


ifflSSSS” (0602,400701 

fcfehMlItories (0533)548757 


jack Barclay 

Maicokn Sargent 01-6287444 

BBSS" 01-4098342 

H. R. Owen. Bertfoy Centra 
An Sparing 01-629 9060 

RaymStoEslaH 01-584 8451 


Lav Mead Maidenhead 

Tony Gosnefl (0628)33188 



Urn Slogs (0622)65461 



Derek Purdy (0625)532806 


Murray Moor Ca 

George Paterson 031-6853838 



Anthony hres (0803) 628383 


Marin Egerton 

RayHusWsson (0602)780730 


Grassickfi Garage 

Janies D. Mgtoeh (0738)25481 


Dutton-Forehaw Nort h Wea 
Marin PottS (0772)22111 

Harwoods ol Putborough 
Neal Clarke (07982)2407 



David Johnson (0722) 3352S1 

Ken rungs 

Colin Barker (0742)781141 


Evans Hataaw 

Bfll Somervtte 021-7455566 


Johnimpey (0727)86522 


SMAC Group 

Michael Gotemah (0702)582233 



Evan Bradshaw (0803)24321 


Reg vartfy 

MikeAlOI - ' (0783)842842 

weybridge Automobiles 
Keith Hopldns (0932)49225 

Offered exclusively by the authorised Rolls-Royce and Bentley dealers of Great Britain. 

— ^cld — 

•fro™ your portfolio card check your 
eiEP« state price movements. Add iem 

A*.ESJVW*<9» ,oul - 0104 

*?*? tally dividend figure 
published oa this page, If it matches you 
taw won outright or a stare of the total 
daily pnze money stated. If you arc a 
winner follow the daim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when, claiming. 


Shares rally 

J 7 skj?jxa 

ACCOUNT DAYS' Dealings began on Monday. Dealings end July 25. §Contango day July 28. Settlement day August 4. 
AU.UUN! ua ia. permitted on two previous business days. 

OTaaa Wt » «f PffB Un ited 



Claims required for . 

. +42 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

Nt. Cbopuy 

US 10 RoenMUUMd to «+l 7.1 59 W 

3M in Ram Bw Of Sea 330 tu u u 

Jf" £* §P ltp dw fOV i89 40125 

*J* SIS ajnfl CAM 744 +12 500B 6 7 02 

BIB 613 IMon BB3 52* 78 068 

TT'7 wan Fargo £89'. ■ . 

320 220 WrauB 300 7.7 29 1*9 

Brawn nlaiil.) 



Industrials S-Z 

Rich Lovell 

Time Products 

McAlpme I Allred) 

Brawn (Manbew) 


Ibsiodc Johnson 

Crouch (Derek) 



19 19139 
46 3.8 163 

77 -2 

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SMB +2 

153 ~5 


390 -5 

Z73 m-3 

776 9-2 

228 • 


Please be sure to take account 
of any atinos signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for tbe weekly dividend of £ 8 , 
tomorrow's newspaper. 


40 3.7 . 

25 2* 149 
4.3b 4.4 103 
85 19 122 

85 5.4 119 

88 B9 147 
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4.7 4.8 19.0 
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54 87 349 
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160 SB 

114 or 

163 55 

350 SSO 
243 175 
200 85 
373 233 
202 124 
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433 245 
82 51V 
250 120 
58 33 

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313 24l'i 
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580 383 
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190 120 
246 162 
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158 116 
45 22 
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488 158 
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148 74 

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108 98 

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529 374 
250 170 
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318 206 
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285 156 
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323 225 
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Canfandge One 230 1 

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Duma MO < 

DMMgllMl 38 


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Qecaouc todi BO 
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Jonas Sound Ml 
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Hud Focus 120 

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Murey Ban 52 
, uibih (Lous) am 

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pncooi 3i 

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PJm 260 

Do A LM VOBOfl 170 

.."KTfcna SJ. 

Prassac '«5 

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nmin-i <78 

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2.4 6117 7 
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82« 68104 
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12.1 5.0 83 
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The going is better 
for stronger BET 


BET not only produced en¬ 
couraging full-year figures, 
which boosted the shares by 
13p to 453p, but also added a 
commendable amount of de¬ 
tail to flesh out the statement. 
Would that some other con¬ 
glomerates were so helpfuL 

Pretax profits of £124.6 
million, up 34 J per cent on 
the comparable 12 months, 
were in line with expecta¬ 
tions, but the earnings per 
share at 24 per cent ahead 
were better than forecast. 

A reduction in the tax 
charge to 29 per cent and a 
fall in minorities, because of 
the fall in the South African 
rand, were the main factors. 

Four years ago, the compa¬ 
ny set out its corporate 
objectives, which included, 
buying into higher growth, 
areas and selling out of 
substandard or peripheral ar¬ 
eas. Yesterday, it pointed out 
just how for along that road it 
had come. 

The strategically weak ar¬ 
eas in the group now account 
for less than IS per cent of 
capital employed, against SO 
per cent in 1982. The weak¬ 
ness can be turned to strength 
through the right acquisitions 
in some areas like security, 
although in others it will 
mean further disposals. 

Acquisitions last year ac¬ 
counted for £23.7 million, or 
57.6 per cent, of the gross 
profits growth, after stripping 
out a £7.7 million exchange 
rate loss. Organic growth was 
£29.3 million or 59.4 per 

BET is still pursuing acqui¬ 
sitions in its chosen fields and 
is hoping to grow its business¬ 
es organically through per¬ 
suading existing customers to 
take other group services. 
Those who use Initial’s laun- 
cky services, for example, 
might like to buy some 
Anglian windows. 

Gearing was 65 per cent at 
the year-end - high by British 
standards but quite accept¬ 
able to BET. ft expects to be 
cash generative this year, so 
borrowings will fall. 

This year will also see the 
benefit, probably below the 
line, of the profits from the 
sale of the SGB stake and 
Thames Television flotation, 
raising a gross £23.5 million. 

Pretax profits should come 
out at about £150 million. 

according to James Capel. 
giving an undemanding pro¬ 
spective p/e ratio of 11 . 



City professionals have be¬ 
come experts on office tech¬ 
nology overnight . Many 
firms have spent millions 
wiring up the latest equip¬ 
ment so they can compete on 
international markets against 
the biggest American and 
Japanese houses. 

In the process they have 
belatedly learnt to distinguish 
between the old and new 
technologies, a development 
which is not wholly to 
Gestetner ' ' Holdings’ 

"Nearly a third of 
"Gestetner’s sales are still in 
stencil duplicators, a product 
which most Slock Exchange 
dealers now think went out 
with the Ark-Copiers account 
for a further 40 per cent of 
sales and offset printers for 20 
per cent 

Given this profile, it is not 
surprising that Gestetner is 
looking for a fourth leg, using 
□ewer technology. 

Its hopes are pinned on a 
desk-top publishing machine, 
development of which cost 
£800,000 in the six month to 
May 1 There will be further 
start-up- costs in the second 
half as the company tests the 
market on the continent and 
across the Atlantic. 

Partly as a result of these 
costs, interim profits fell from 
£6.23 million to £5.12 million 
before tax. Performance in 
America and Canada was 
disappointing and trade with 
China was hit by restrictions 
on import finance. Profits 
from EEC countries, howev¬ 
er, jumped from £1.04 mil¬ 
lion to £4.16 million. 

The second half should 
benefit from savings follow¬ 
ing the closure of the factory 
at Tottenham, in North Lon¬ 
don. On annual basis, these 
should amount to £3 million 
a year. Meanwhile the com¬ 
pany has applied with MF1 
for planning permission to 
develop the site. If successful 
Gestetner would made a sub¬ 
stantial profit on the sale. 

On full-year profits of £13 
million the shares at 155p are 

trading on 13 times prospec¬ 
tive earnings. .Assuming ihe 
newly educated computer 
boffins in the City do not 
suddenly show an interest in 
desk-top publishing, the 
shares are unlikely to find 
favour on trading grounds. 
There is continual specula¬ 
tive interest, however, sur¬ 
rounding Warbuijs 

Investment Management's 
20 per cent stake. 



Rank Organisation is under 
pressure to choose its next 
acquisition carefully. The at¬ 
traction of making a large 
purchase in growth business¬ 
es has not gone away, just 
because its bid for Granada 
was thwarted by the Indepen¬ 
dent Broadcasting Authority. 
Investors are worried, there¬ 
fore, that Rank will rush into 
a purchase. 

The company went out of 
its way to play down this risk 
yesterday. It said the empha¬ 
sis is now on small and 
medium acquisitions , 
though larger ones are not 
ruled oul So far this year it 
has spent £112 million on 
acquisitions, including £68 
million on Ladbroke Group's 
bingo dubs and amusement 
arcades and £38 million on 
Haven Leisure, a hokliday 

The short-term benefits of 
the Ladbroke acquisition 
have been dimished by a fell 
in bingo admissions. 
Apparently customers are 
choosing to enjoy the hot 
weather rather than play the 
national game, launched last 
month with £50,000 prizes. 

The effect of the purchases 
was not apparent in the first- 
half figures, announced yes¬ 
terday’. These showed profits 
up mom £62.8 million to 
£70.2 million, but as they 
exdude the sesaonal contri¬ 
butions from the holiday 
business they are of limited 
value. Rank Xerox contribut¬ 
ed £40.8 million. 

For the year as whole 
profits are expected to reach 
£160 million, suggesting the 
shares at 509p are trading on 
11.6 limes earnings. That 
reflects uncertainty about 
Rank's next move. 

Airport plan signals property boom 

- F r om S t epbenhLeather, Hong Kong 

One of- the -world's- most—is chock-a-block with high-rise 
exciting airport approaches is structures, most buildings bn 
set -*o-become—even—mere—mainland Kowloon are re- 
vibrant following a govern- stricted to below 50 metres 
ment-reviewofhetghErestrto- (164 ft) witk the limit even 
tions on high-rise buildings lower near die runway. 

around Hong Kong's Kai Tak 

Low-cost housing and fac¬ 
tory areas in Kowloon are 
certain to get a facelift if the 
plan goes ahead, providing a 
much needed shot in the arm 
for the colony’s flagging con¬ 
struction industry.. .... 

Unlike Hong Kong, which 

There had been plans for a 
second Hong Kong airport — 
which ~ would have kepi 
heights down — but these have 
been scrapped following the 
announcement that China is 
to build an international air- 
.portin Shenzhen. 

Now proposals to free Kow¬ 
loon for high-rise develop¬ 
ments drawn up by the Civil 


at Lazard 

Lazard Brothers: Mr Nigel 
Brian has become deputy 
finance director. Mr Mark 
Francis and Mr Lars McBride 
are assistant directors. Mr 
NeB Lakes becomes an assis¬ 
tant director on September 1. 

Scottish Unit Managers: Mr 
Mike Healy is now sales 

Optic Electronic Corpora¬ 
tion: Mr Walter Lowrie has 
been made chairman. Mr 
John Carr and General John 
Deane are to join the board as 

Crystalate Holdings: Mr 
Arno Nash is now a non¬ 
executive director. 

Molecular Conservation: 
Mr Steve Gilbert has joined 
the board. 

CADCentre: Mr David 
Dace is the new chairman. 

Cbmpaq Computer Mr Da¬ 
vid Rowe has been named as 
UK sales director. 

Law Report July 18 1986 

Aviation Department and the 
land and works branch are 
ready to go to the colony’s 
highest policy-making body, 
the Executive Council. 

If the government gives the 
go-aheaa it will be a tremen¬ 
dous boost to property devel¬ 
opers on the overcrowded 
colony where all land is at a 

Mr Nicholas Brooke, depu¬ 
ty managing director of Swire 
Properties, said the green light 
would have a big impact on 
Hong Kong property values. 

The Rank Organisation 

Interim Results -1986 

28 weeks 
ending’ 1 7 ** 

Profit before tax £70.2m 

Earnings per share 18.4p 
Ordinary dividend 6.25p 

28 weeks 
ending 11.5.85 




..performance and profitability” 

wrifl be posted to riiareholdeni on 24tbTtilv 1386. 

Copies xnwbe obtained tom fee Secretary, The Rank Organisation He, 

6 Connaught Place, London TO22EZ. 

Commission can 

Regina v Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission, Ex par¬ 
te Matthew Brown pic 
Before Mr Justice Macpherson 
[Judgment given July 171 

The Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission had a discretion to 
establish, within the framework 
of the Fair Trading Act 1973. its 
own procedure and approach to 
inquiries into proposed mergers, 
ana h was not for the High 
Court to impose a requirement 
on the commission 10 disclose 
every piece of evidence which 
might influence its report to all 
parties to the inquiry. 

Mr Justice Macpherson so 
held in the Queen's Bench 
Division refusing an application 
for judicial review by the ap¬ 
plicants, Matthew Brown pic 
who sought to quash the report 
of the commission dated Octo¬ 
ber 18, 1985 which dealt with 
the proposed merger between 
Scottish and Newcastle Brew¬ 
eries pic and Matthew Brown 
pic. made pursuant to Part 5 of 
the 1973 Acl 

Mr Richard Buxton, QC and 
Mr. Peter Roth for Matthew 
Brown; Mr John Mummery for 
the commission; Mr Anthony 
Graharo-Dixon, QC and Mr 
Kenneth Parker for Scottish and 

PHERSON said that the ref¬ 
erence to the commission arose 
from a bid made by Scottish and 
Newcastle for the capital of 
Matthew Brown. On April 24. 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry referred the proposed 
merger to the commission and 
on May la group of six members 
was appointed to handle the 

The -April bid never went 
ahead after it had lapsed as a 
result of that reference, bat the 
companies had their own rea¬ 
sons for the pursuit of their cases 
in court. 

The applicants claimed, Inter 
alia, that there was manifest 
unfairness to them in that the 
commission relied upon ev¬ 
idence put before it by Scottish 
and Newcastle which was not 
put before the applicants. 

Mr Buxton said that all 
parties should have put to them 
the substance of any evidence 
which the commission received 
which was adverse to die po¬ 
sition adopted by the opposing 
party and upon which- the 
commission would or might rely 
in making its report. 

Furthermore, -be said that 
parties should be given suf¬ 

ficient indication of inferences 
which the commission thought 
did. or might arise from the 
evidence submitted to them, so 
as to enable (he opposing parties 
to consider whether . further 
evidence or argument should be 
submitted upon the relevant, 
point. . ... 

In felling to give the ap¬ 
plicants a sight of the sub¬ 
missions made after August 22. 
1985, and a right to comment 
upon, them or indeed 10 call 
further^ evidenoe. it was thus 
said that there was manifest 
unfairness and procedural iip- 

of the rules of natural justice. - 

His Lordship said be was 
wholly unable to accept the 
applicants' submissions for, in¬ 
ter alia, the following reason: 

The timetable and conduct of 
the case by the commission had 
to be looked at as a whole. It was ■ 
wrong to seek to impose upon, 
the commission any such uni¬ 
form requirement that every 
piece of material put before it 
which might in any way in¬ 
fluence its report must go to all 
parlies or-even 10 the opposing 
ihain participants in the bid. 

The commission established 
within the framework of the 

1973 Act, its own procedure and 
its own approach to each ref- 
. erencc. Of course it bad to heed 
all representations made either 
way. But it had a discretion 
which was broad and which 
should not be prescribed or • 

•-The concept of feirness.was^ 
itself flexible and should n ot be . . 
‘ subject to the court laying down-^ 
rules or steps which had to be^_ 
followed. I'*' 

The question in each case wns y,. 

" whether the commissio n toK 
adopted a procedure so unfen*£ 
‘ that no reasonable commission*# 

• or group wooid have adopted - 
so that-it could be said to have 3 : 
-acted with manifest unfeiniaS.** 
Provided each party had its- : 
mind brought to bear upon tire 
relevant issues it was not for tire- 
court to lay down rules as to . 
bow each group should act u» 

- any particular inquiry. 

-His Lordship added that all 
parties knew perfectly well that.,.. 
competition in north and west* 
Cumbria was under review and - - 
the applicants at all stages bad .. 
tire opportunity to be heart! cm 
that question. 

Solicitors? Allen & Overy; 
Treasury Solicitor; Slaughter & 
May.. ■ 

Meaning of ‘previously’ in winding-up company 

Mr Sieve Gilbert, above, has 
joined the board of Molecu¬ 
lar Conservation - 

J Henry Schroder Wagg & 
Co: Mr R Comer, Mr WM 
Samuel, Mr AC Williams and 
Mr PN Salivary have been 
appointed directors. 

STC: Dr Nigel Horne has 
been made director, technical 
and corporate development. 

Concrete Society: Dr Jan 
Bobrowski becomes president, , 
succeeding Mr Ian Thornton. 

Chinacraft: Mrs Carolyn 
Balcombe has been named as 
director. Mr Geoffrey Edward 
becomes director, Chinacraft 

The Royal Trust Company 
of Canada: Mr John Lovesey 
becomes managing director. 

The Brighton Marina Com¬ 
pany: Mr Reg Morgan joins 
the board as a non-executive 

MowJem Management: Mr 
Raymond Payne becomes a 

The Chase Manhattan 
Bank: Mr Demis Blair joins 
as managing director. Index 
Fund and Hedging Group. 

1 J Henry Schroder Wagg & 
Co: Mr JA Adams, Mr JC 
Aston. Mss J Barnes, Mrs R 
BlomfieM-Smith, Mr CN 
Boothman, Mr N Caiger- 
Smith, Mrs AJ Carawath, Mr 
C Collins, Mrs C Davis, Mr 
AM Ganlter, Mr H 
Grootenhnis. Miss M Hail, 
Mr R Haw, Mr JC Hender¬ 
son, Mr J Horsbur gh . Mr FH 
Jackson, Mr BM Jones, Mr 
RC Lazarus. Mr AM Shaw, 
Mr RF Thnrgood, Mr H van 
der Klugt and Mr B Ward 
have been appointed assistant 

In re A. V. Sorge & CO Ltd 
Before Mr Justice Hoffmann 
(Judgment given July 15] 

The word “previously” in rule 
195 of the Companies (winding- 
up) Rules <S1 1949 No 330 (L4)), 
which gave tire court power to 
fix the remuneration of a vol¬ 
untary liquidator, meant pre¬ 
viously to the making of the 
compulsory winding-up order, 
and not previously to the 
presentation of the petition; and 
“costs.incurred in the wind-, 
ing-up” bore the same meaning 
as “costs of and incidental to the 
winding-up” and thus included 
costs of convening the creditors’ 
meeting and the costs incurred 
in banding over to the com¬ 
pulsory liquidator after the 
making of the compulsory or¬ 

Mr Justice Hoffmann so held 
in the Chancery Division in a 
reserved judgment on a motion 
by the liquidator to discharge 
the order of the registrar, fixing 
the remuneration of the vol¬ 
untary liquidator, Mr Ashworth, 
whose position as voluntary 
liquidator had been confirmed 
at a meeting of creditors on 
December 8/1982, at £3,427.86, 
including disbursements of 

The petition for compulsory 
winding-up was presented on 
November IS, 1982, but Mr 
Ashworth, in an affidavit said 
that the existence of the petition 
did not come to his attention 
until the day before the 
creditors' meeting. 

The compulsory order was 
made by Mr Justice Vinelott on 
January 17,1983. 

Mr Nicholas F. Riddle for the 
liquidator; Mr Edward Ban¬ 
nister for Mr Ashworth. 

said that the petition, presented 
by a creditor, was served on 
November 15,'1982. The com¬ 
pany ceased trading on Novem¬ 
ber 19. and notices under section 
293 of the Companies Act 1949 
were sent out on November 25. 

Mr Ashworth, an accountant 
whose advice had been, sought, 
had instructed surveyors to 
value the company's freehold 
premises, fittings and stock in 
trade for presentation to the 
creditors’ meeting. Mr Brown 
was appointed as liquidator on 
April 28.1983. 

In his Lordship’s view a 
voluntary liquidator could ap¬ 
ply under rule 195 if be bad been 
duly appointed, and then dis¬ 
placed by the compulsory order. 

If “previously" in rule 195 
meant before the commence¬ 
ment of the .winding-up, the 
requirement could never be 

. Mr Riddle, relying on In re 
Waterloo Manufacturing Go 
(Burnley) Ltd ((1936) 3 U CCR 
281), argued that some expenses 
incurred by Mr Ashworth could 
not be claimed because they 
were not costs “in the winding- 

A guidance note issued by the 
Insolvency Practitioners Associ¬ 
ation in 1982 to the same effect 
was also relied on, recommend¬ 
ing that pre-resolution expenses 
would only rank as unsecured 
claims in the liquidation. 

The note went on with 
remorseless logic to. point out 
that directors who allowed such 

expenses to be incurred on 
credit would be guilty of fraudu¬ 
lent trading since ex hypothesi 
they knew the company was 
unable to pay its. debts, and 
recommended that afl such 
expenses should be paid for in 

On that basis if the company 
was. wholly illiquid,- it would 
have to languish " in limbo,' 
unable either to trade or be. 
wouhd-up, unless a creditor 
could be persuaded to putiroul 
of its misery by presenting a 
petition for compulsory wind¬ 

If that was the law its effect 
was to create a trap for the 
unwary, and wookl inhibit the 
winding-up of insolvent compa- 

His Lordship did not believe; 
that the legislature intended, 
such an odd result: no distinc¬ 
tion should be drawn between 
“costs in the winding-up” and 
phrases like “costs of and in¬ 
cidental to the winding-up”. 

Similarly a voluntary liq¬ 
uidator who had been, displaced.; 
bad still to answer queries, deal : ' 
with incoming letters, hand over, 
assets and so forth, and those 
costs were, m his Lordship’s . 
view, incurred m the windingv 
Tip. His Lordship would there-, 
fore dismiss the' liquidator’s, 

Sotidiors: BazJey White & Co 
for Edward Lloyd & Co, liver? 
pool; Fruhman Davies & Co, 

Awarding costs in 
Industrial appeals 

Rattan v British Airways 
. When'an appeal brought un¬ 
der the preliminary hearing 
procedure was .dismissed be¬ 
cause no arguable point of law 
was disclosed, no order for costs 
should be made as there was not 
a basis for saying that the appeal 
was “unnecessary” within the 
meaning of rule 27 of the 
Employment Appeal Tribunal 
Rules (SI 1980 No 2035). the 
Employment Appeal Tribunal 
(Mr Justice Scott, Mr J. Gal¬ 
braith and Mr R. Lewis) held on 
July 1- ■ 

that it.was a legitimate use of the 

. statutory appeal procedure that 
complaints' of unfair dismissal" 
which had been lost- before an 
industrial tribunal could' be 
reviewed at the appeal tribunal. 

It would be damaging if some 
sort of “costs fWTow the event” 
rule be introduced. 

.. The purpose of a preliminary 
hearing was to enable a decision 
to be taken at an early stage and 
before large sums of costs were"' - 
incurred. - 

The opportunity of a review . 
by tbe appeal tribunal was a 
desirable part of the judicial 
structure provided to deal with 
unfeir dismissal complaints. 

The following Class Lists have 
been issued at Oxford 
- university: 

Natural Science - Chemistry 
D tadfcaies uw names of candidate) 
who were adjudged worthy of Distinc¬ 
tion by the Examiners In the suppte- 
menlary Subject The other letters 
indicate the names of candidates who 
have satisfied me Examiners in 
.Supplementary Subjects as foDawK 
A Anthropology - 

S Biochemistry _ _ 

History and mflosouby at 
M Mineralogy 
L Molecular Btoohysto 

§ Chemical Pliarrnacotogy 
Quantum Chemistry 
Structure and Properties of 

Edward VI S. 

Bradley. LMH William w<i<» o.« 

R w Broadhurst, Univ. Harrogate 
IQ! A V Chambers- St Ed 
Southlands & !Q) M J 
Blue Coal S. Liverpool: 

Ch Ch. Sutton Valance 
Fief cher. ST J Poole c 
Goortlellow New. Judd S, i ongmw: 
(Bt Claire Hanley, st J. Henry Box S. 
Witney: (Q> D E Heard. MM 
snebbear C. Devon: IQJ n A Hunter. 
Univ. Wheelwright C:AR Leach. 
Line- Bradford GS: (Q) M Lovetl- 
Smith. Ch Ch. Btyanston: IP) C Lowe. 
Kettle. Ptngie S Swadlincote: IQ) N D 
Lowe. Qu. Bolton 5: C S McGrad 
Jesus. Medina H. Newport. lOW: J 
Macheii. Jesus. King Eggbert & 
Sheffield: IP) R J Meals. Ball. 

bridge wens (QJN J K Simpson. s« J. 
caierham S; P D Sutton. Jesus. 

iQDl JW Thompson. Jesus. Mapdaien 
Cob. S. Oxford: tHJ Denise J Varley. 
LMH. HayfieM Corap. Doncaster 
Class If 

New. ip 

ILD) S Armstrong. SI P. SI 

wiiuamson-s Mathrmaftcal i _ 

ester. J Ashton. St Ed H. stokeran. 
Trent Sixth Form C: CPJ S R 
‘ ih worth- Hem, Manchester <2S (PI 
- C AsllM. St J. Henry Meotes S: A J 
Barnett- Ch.Ch. Nottingham 
H Beall. Wadh. Leeds Girls i m 
Beg MiLSI P. Aylesbury GS: J w Bird. 
CCC- Bristol OS- |B)DNA Boobbyer. 
BNC. Tonbridge S: G I Broomhead- 
New. Watford, Boys G& Ruth E 
St ^ .Haberdashers- Girts S. 
Susan L Carpenter. 

Class. ■ CPlri fu a H): (5) Kathryn 
Alston. WadlL. W R Tusoo c. Preston: 
<Q) A Anagtasiou. st Anne. Burlington 
Danes S: S W Armstrong. One 
Newcastle-oo-Tyne RG& 

Amander. Magd. Eton: __- _ 

AwuHb. St Hugh. Ludlow C; Eliza¬ 
beth a Bit®. St Ed H. Hills Road Sixth 
Form C_ Cambridge: D BtartdeLBNC. 
Lancaster RCSt »Tb Botteriu. ChCh. 
Renton: K Boulton. Or. 5 O T Shall 
Form C P G R Bowen. Untv. 
Skinners* Company S_ Tunbridge 
Weils: (PIS M Bradley. BaiL Blue Coat 
S. Liverpool: (P) N K Brown. Hertf. 
Hals Road Sixi Form c. Cambridge: 
(H) Catherine S Bryan. Wore. Maid- 
lone Girls GS: Katherine 
aiallaromte. St HIM. Bnmurion 
Qraipk'S G Corbett.' Wore. 

Wdnw*s CS^MwSIestwjt Dha-On 
Rydens 8 : IQI S H Faint, st Cam. 
Hartford Boys- OSc (03 K A Hack. 

ion C. or Fwtbcr Education: <Q> J P 
Holland- Meet-St Brendan's C. J PL 
Hotmail. St Ed H. Tonbridge Sr IP) 
Susan Johnston. Qu. Wakefield Girls 
HS: tea R Kershaw. Wadh HuBne 
Boys GS- Oldham: Anti 
LoiKltadts. St H 
aiPiDJ c 

Tonbridge: (P) ... 

St Anne. Winchmore S: » 

Probert- Hertf. Howardian 1 
dlfl; fQ) M H Purvis. ___ 
Charterhouse: <p) Anita RaksML St 
HUd. Parliament HUl S. Joanna K 
Aeckinoton. Som. Bosworth C. 
Desford: CPI P ft-Y Sheng. Or. 
Haberdashers' Askfs S. fmw (B) 
Jayne Shirt. St him. Northallerton 
GS: <B) Catherine j Smith. Qu. Barton 
Pntffl Sixth Form 

? 7 vj« r, /r 7 ^► rr.yTT ^mWTTV- »■ 

avmr. wore, uunnmun Limb 

Stubbs, Som-Nortn Bromsarove HS. S 
D Tauford- Or. Alton Sixth foraC 
(Q) C S Teasdale. Ch Ch. Wg 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne: M A Wait. Si 
Notbngham: S C 

-St Ed H. Notbngtiani HS: iQ) 

Janet. C . Wild, st Hugh. Central 
Newcastle KS; (HI T w woodrulfe 
Idas Charles I S. 

cuss nt (Q) A C N Banye. OCC. St 
Josephys. tpswicn: 8 K 
Cam. King Janwrs S._ 

_ S:' T E-MitcheB. 
Winchester Ct B MoraMirCh Ch. 
Rossall S: N A Myerson. Ex. Carmel 
CCA O'CaUaoban- Qu. St ManTS C. 
Crosby: Emma C Parker. Trtn. 
Windsor GlrM S: A Parsons. Wtelx 
Croat Wrytey hs.- NkwlhM N-RaUw. 
MeR. St Mil'S Girts S: P J Reid. SIP. 
wesimlmter S: J A Robinson. Or. 
Newman. C. Presloo: Amanda J 
Salisbury. Unt Malvern Girls Cs 
snaheena fiarakoor. St Anne, central 

Katmamon. St HUd. No school given* - 
D P Lee. St Cam. RKtud Huhb C- 
Taunton. W B Lister. Keble. 
ErrovstetTs OS. SMnren: P G Lioyd- 
SltrnMK. ST Anne. Bradfotd GS: m j 
LO fdort. ManSfc Shcrbo— - ' 

McGrpu. Pcntb. Si Bade*. 

Smith. Rerab. Bam HS. Karen M 
*y. s HlkL Bedafes H, M. 
. _ lor. St Ed H. Leeds C5& N_.C 
TebbutL LUIC. Kbig Edward S. 
mmgnam: Alexandra Thomas. 

wardir. Univ._ 


Winter. Pemb. Trinity S. 

Spa;. R J Young. Qn. Leeds . 

Class a d drt s n a: P OesaL wbre-Timn 

L KeMe. Leeds CS: 
Emanuel S: Anna 
[felly cs MehudeC- 

Mmshan. Reg Pk. st Panfs STS J. 
Mason. HeitfTCbktMSter BdysHS: D*- 
J Matthew. Si Hugh. Trun> & A C 
Morris. LMB- HcrmltW AOidamy 
" ~ Nye- Si Cam. Howard Gs:RJ „ 
nr. 9 Jd H. Durgham Si 9 C 
(jnwm. ai Gb. Exewr S: A PaslcmaK. 
Ch Ch. St Paurs Cuts S. — 

S P RKe, Hertf. Wen Demon HSk. 

WUUam Hubnev _ 


GinsS: j| 

WIHS. Hertt. Dundee IKEA Wtlson.1 

iP) Caihertne L 

Loopcron S. Beverley.- i<S> S J Hayes. 
Line. SI Mary's C. Crosby. IP) J M 
Helllwetl. Pemb. Bradford GS: IQ) S D 
Hunt. St J. *Ona Edward 
Mowbray; <aTt l Jeffery. St cam. 
Newmtnifi Upper S: <L| P D Jeffrey, 

£ £ 

Kerr. Trtn. Emanuel S: iQ) J A Khan. 
St J. Merchant Taylors' S. 
Norm wood: iB) Pamela A Lav rile. Ex. 
Holy Cross Convent: iQ> U F Leahy- 
New. No School given: H J 

MacAliater. St Ed H. RGB- 

i HD) Delrdre _ . 

LancMier Girls CS: flPJ J H 
St J. Hapetdashm' Asken. Ebtree: C 
.1 M.uhrws. st P. Simon Langtoo — 
CS: IQ) K R K Matthews. Ch 
Churcnflefds HS: (B> N C MaBtawi 

CS: IQI K i, *. ■ ■■■iim. ... mi __ 

Churchneftto HS: IB) N C MatllKws. 
Line. King Edward VI Sixth Form C. 
SiourbrtcMe: Mary A Mehta. St Cam. 
Norwich HS: IHpj Murpny. KetHe. 

Ormsby. SI Cath. Ciedlin« Como. 
Nottingham: IP* Anona J. Oxford. SI 
Hlid. South WiltMUre GS: w T 
Patuason. Ch cb. Radley: <B 1 K 
Ponnamperama. univ. Mill Hdl a A 
V Powell. Univ. Cralfl. LUUwBL (H) 
Louise M Prior. St H 0 d. S. 

Kent; K L Pritchard. St earn. 
EMHUwcM f Seco ndaiy &_ippt M A 

R D Reel. Pemb. 

I S H RobectRM. 


P» .Jufla L comrord. 

S. <hnucester: .... — _ 

--MR woffreton S. Hull: 

Ruth Davidson. Jesus Stocidon sixth 
Form C: IH) Susan E P Gadd. Men. 

Goberdhan. SI Cam. Mayfield; P a 
H edge. New CJInon comp- S. Roth¬ 
erham: C S Homer. Wore. Stockton 
Sixth Form CtR J Hum. St Cam. 
Sherwood Hail Comp, s Mansfield: □ 
H Jenkins. Jesus. Bristol CS: (TON I 
Miller. Univ. Mahon: iai -Ahson 
Paro^Jones. Jesus. St Richard CJwyn 
HS. Ctwyd: (Hi R N Rovds. Magd. 
HaUeybury: (Si P E F Rutherford. 

waon. Hayden Brtdue HS: <H- 

A Shannon. St P vyners S. leL-- 

Univ. Pembroke 
>) T C Smith. Qn. 
Retsate us amS Thomas. Pemb. 
Winchester; js> 

Thormetgh C. 

Natural Science: 


wm •• a a non. St P. Barton Revert! 

STC: Fiances L Bernau. Ex Mar'- 

Arig h t ^eteed^ R^M O ud inera. 


D Hlnoorid, StJ Stockport (SRR 
Kanrwun. Trtn. Manchester GS: J B 
Mancey-Joos. CCC. Barrow in Fur 
ness Sixth Form c: Alison J RtckanL 
Si Hush. Emm brook S: Mam^' 
Russell. Ch Ch. Thomas Rotherham 
A A E aewart. Univ. no srtKKd olv 
T D B Thompson. Jesus. Campbell 
Belfast: SIR Vas 

College 8 . 0 X 1 _ _ 

ZOIlman. Trtn. Si Ma 
Oats 2 dleWmi ItKCR Baynes. Qu. 
CMsiehursl * Skkup GS. judim A 
Betiesworth. SI Hupei, wood Green & 
H'fuiey: Canute Rmgftajn. Sf_NUd. 
Sutton HS. R L B&hao. SI Ed H. 
Eastbourne o R m Bra cew ei L Magd. 
"MX S. Chester: Jennifer M Brown 
... ma. South Wilts GS- Sal 
Stieevaun C Carrol hers. 
Famngays^ fe. woooDndsc 
Chahmer. BNC Runshaw Slxtt 

Bognor Rests S: Anne M FarrefL. St 
Hugh. SI. Joseph's cony S. KenH- 
wonh. Kametyn_ J . Fogg. Magd. 
Wycomb e Abb ey S: 

LMH. Portsmouth l . . 

wood. Magd. Queen Ellzabeih's GS: 
Blackburn. Sarah Gregory. Ball. 
Cansbrooke .HS: Frances C L Hall. St 
Hugh. St ymui. BrtsioL Kate F 
WUd. Si HHd. Marlborough C: N 
Henwood. Or. Lancaster Gim 

11 raHlne Convh_ S: M J O ToJarwy. 
LMH. BOJIOn GhTS S: A R Triweyrsi 
j. Hutton GS: m j Turner. Or. 
Birkenhead S. 

Class a: J L Bred. MagtL Davies C. 
Loodoo: Carolyn Davenport. Hertf. 
Stand Sixth Form C: Jacqueline A 
Moloney. Son. Birkenhead HS. ' 

Oriental SGxiies 
Class fc NH Cohen. Pemb. St Patirs & 
London (Anjbfc with Hebrew); M-A L 
Newman. Oxford KS- (QnfpMny 
wim Hebrew): j C Putfo ^dh. 
AylesburyHS (Chinese): H J Starks. 
Trtn. Marlborough C (Japanese) 
cans B (DtvMmi Os B R Fleetwood, 
wore. LJrsuime Convent HS. ment- 
wood (CM ncseX - R E French. Som. 
Rcdbome S (Hebrew with Aramaic 
and Syrtach C M Lewis. BalL St 
SwlUl""" “ “ —- 

Si Hugh, 

Ok> H CUvMon 2): M P Barrow. 


Kirioip. Pemb. 

^ (Arabic wim TuikMi): H P 

- Anne’s S. Caversnam 

with Akkadian). 
a -:jhaMwaL Sam. Bromla' 


nesei: PM Vincent. Or. No school 


T C A 

Honour Moderatioos Music' 


Iwatford Boys! 

J Auger. Si P . (OnsTsS. Petarbord 

PBnjfSGlTKS sc M Chlvmra 
Bristol Cathedral & R P ctaughtoir. 

son. Ex. 

Ch. Porth_O 0 un 

Pregton: r R Jones.1 

Honour Moderations 
G«ORraphy . 

(Bam h y Anderson. St Hlid. Thomas 

9 S. Newark; _D. CDHey. Mmsf. 

Hgwv ^n^Qrvep tr^*M ~/lgu Sen? 

ump^Md: *M ’’h 

= C A uvesey. 

_P J Mathers. Reg. 

Habero mherai', Ashe's S. 

Redder. SI J. South 

Hertf. __ 

Mary's a SfditebS^S 0 -' a^.®« 
Hertf. Annnctiam (S: 

WlTUai mon. S t Cath. Oenioia Cotkr- 

2: R J Arntleid. Ch Ch. WUUam 

I ,■ l’I > j * I, *1 

5..AJ * sawyer, new Durham] 

l^S3S?‘g,4Siii BounwHioum S: 

Hanbam hs. 

S ”. T J H Banneft. Ch Of 
Abingdon S: M R Self. New. Laoan 

Honour Moderations ■ 
M* tb * n » a tics and CotopMatioi 

R Q S. . La pt ^ger; C L AUdnson. 
Jew. BoMon comp: I A Berger. 

Burned, wore. Eton 
cam.. Truro S: A J 


DtMrtMtn. ™„. «, uw . s MiuMtr 

GoUegiau S: S M Gregory, St HIM. 
Collyerts Sixth Faia(FPJCuMn>. 59 

wottreion a _ 
H^foro ^th F, 


Honour Modei 

no cram i 




- / 
4l»- .-T_ 





Kif- % i. :sr •• r - 

<£ *•*«■* V, A' »-VS> 

* 1 . *-; 

fiXjSiiS, 3 

:s£<l 1 

The battle for profits 






- ■*'? 24k, 


•'i‘. ■‘‘■5|h *6^2 

■-. ■ V| K:: r l-Jl. 

%: a 

£* V 

r ;. ' 

' 'Sil^ 
" * ..--. . 

“ ■ ‘ "■"-j3«% 

- V - - .*•?■« S. 

Bang! You're rich (maybe): War games for executives and. Inset franchisor John Wright' 

.-. - "' *«•%! 

W . . ^ a ( ^ renc e Lever the same thing; that is, shoot «*rfr other. 

S 1 -^ftf ys ^ l ^if un ® s m capable of and tty to win the flag. 

5 ,se j H'any and various. Ifyou are shot—visors are provided to 

,here . a ! e traditional protect the eyes — you are out of the 
q “ lck ‘P nntin S shops game and have to leave the exclusion 
°L% food ou . tlels ' 9 1 ? **?* oliier A»re zone for up to IS minutes before being 
are the more intangible ideas such as allowed back into the fray alive and fresh 

computerized management accounts or again. _ 

pr V a J e decretive agencies. Mr Wright has been running the game 

. Jo **? Wnght, the 30-year-old xnanag- for a year, ever since he secured the 
ing director of the Great Adventure exclusive right to market it in the UK 
^certainly has a franchise business from its Canadian owners Apparently 
with a difference. The game is played by every Canadian state has, somewhere or 
two teams of players in camouflage- other, a Great Adventure Game, 
pattern army overalls, using semi- As in so many things Britain is lagging 
automatic pistols which fire red paint well behind with the game, now nan- 
capsules. _ chised in only three other locations, by 

It takes place in a Large wooded area Mr Wright, who gives the franchisees an 
with the two teams each trying to capture exclusive territory as well as providing 
Uie other s flag and return it to their own the equipment and help in finding a 
base. There is also a mock village, made suitable site, setting up systems for 
up of old wooden shacks, big water casks accounts and bookings, and training in 
and straw bales, where teams do much how to organize the game so that it is 

warding costsi, 

austrial appeals 


•'. 7 -^* 5 . 

■ class lists 

’Ah, yes — that's the charge for 
adding np all the other 
charges for you’ 

If you are shot—visors are provided to 
protect the eyes — you are out of the 
game and have to leave the exclusion 
zone for up to IS minutes before being 
allowed back into the fray alive and fresh 
again. _ 

Mr Wright has been running the game 
for a year, ever since he secured the 
exclusive right to market it in the UK 
from its Canadian own ns. Apparently 
every Canadian state has, somewhere or 
other, a Great Adventure Game. 

As in so many things Britain is lading 
well behind with the game, now fran¬ 
chised in only three other locations, by 
Mr Wright, who gives the franchisees an 
exclusive territory as well as providing 
the equipment and help in finding a 
suitable site, setting up systems for 
accounts and bookings, and training in 
how to organize the game so that it is 
played safely. 

The three franchises are in Hertford¬ 
shire, Kent and Sussex, and franchisees 
pay £30,000 for a three-year renewable 
contract. The clearing banks will general¬ 
ly provide two-thirds of this amount, 
although they need collateraUuch as the 
family home. 

As for fees and services, the franchi¬ 
sees pay a fee to Mr Wright based on the 
number ofbookings they take. They get a 
certain amount of local advertising free 
and have to contribute to the national 
advertising undertaken by the company. 
Mr Wright, however, provides back-up 
management services. 

He said: “I like to see people doing as 
well as I am doing. If they are not, I go in 
and help them. I want to get a group rela¬ 
tionship going. Aspiring franchisees 
must have a sound, respectable back¬ 
ground because one poor franchise could 
spoil it for the others. I would not, for ex¬ 
ample. have someone who runs it purely 
as a tax loss." 

• Mr Wright says that he has had 
“several thousand” people play the game 
at his site in Surrey. Each participant 


* ‘ • . t if*"- 
i\ m - *.rr 

*' % 1 

•\ « > 

Glazing photographs on to pistes 

mg ■ "* c iTSm ssc -1 

* M Bi Wi i ro • 

Invest in oqpnal portable gazing machines, 
direct from the manufacturer, 
ter Tel: M87 4620 Of md toqjs SAE to 

The Mantels, Hofytead, tagteay. 


SUM Northern lakes, situated in a 300 ywr ou bam In 
beautiful surroundings with stflwnor Bvmg 
accommodation and letting flat 

Full details 
R.J. Smeaton, 

Keswick (0596) 72278 


Business with superb 4 bedroom detached house 
plus stables and paddock. Ideally situated 2 miles 
West Yorkshire town and M62 in country position 
with panoramic views. On a mam road. Present 
owner 14 years. For sale as a very profitable going 
concern £150.000 + SAV. 

Tel: 0422 201209/202654. 

- £899 + VAT 

PORTEX is a portablc/desk top idex system complete 
with full sized keyboard and printer ready for use. Call 
us for details: 

B.C.S. limited 
01-582 6060 

- business for sale 


Private limited company 
owned and run by 30 
year okf married couple 
in the West Country 
seek an Investor to pur¬ 
chase part or whole of 
tne issued paid shares- 

. Starting the . company 
from nothing In 1978 
profits gross estimated 
£400.000 with net 
EtflO.OOO for this year. 
Last year gross 
£ 250,000 net £ 80 . 000 . 

■Trie highest bid will not 
necessarily be chosen. 

Reply to 
1 BOX FI 8. 



Tipperary, Ireland Appro* 
iJacres. Freehold Ftally 
equipped. 5^00 slock. 3 bed 
bungalow. As a p>in* 
concern. £250,000. Tel: 

Tipperary 52255. 


£550.000 Freehold also, 
another property ewaUtttte. 

Tel: 01-935 0723 

01-223 9700 

bus inesses WANTED 

Aiuimn* coiKtderra. fww 

send lull deuJIs » 
lmilled- PO EkW 0 *e*tef- 
itcia. Dcteysmre- S02 TDD. 






TrSHtl Straw 
mala pov n d 

1 D 00 +. tor 5 

fewces. IBM 

@it 8 ta«nert and spmsoredewis. 

rw u ewman « “W 
Caa«oads Wur 
SL Trope. Car*, tee «* Ho** 

SSa Pa Steon 
Oeefc ut te *nd 

l flfffn 

MIA 9I2U17 ATDl 1643 



Expantfing your 

We can help 

sort out yow business 
plans and forecasting 
problems, then Identify 
the most Ukety sources 
of finance 

CaUlBL on 01-583 2553 


One thWJ sftarehoMng 

COURIER company_ 

fr- Offers opportunity BUSH' 


■ ' *: ■ par annum 2175,000+. _ 

■V; Existing office part or « " 

i southern- network looking REWARD F01 
i-.- eventually to franchise In HALF Y 

s .. ; every n^or UK yaUR ^WPA 

Jf — Frttwf SWIW »* 

made grow n** 1 ' 

.?'■ unique "SSSS %*■ 

■ ■5S!doO tor Tri SflS(P»nwZe.3B 

i073*Jl 7+4627. caa *K UtM your 

---SL TmpB. Care. 

’ ‘* A SLSW®5S^ , * S SStWSteJT 

-'"“SKi'XSf SS area. SSTdI te 

V- or company wee™" UtOT 

T W » 9,21317 

'.'V ertn lit- 

j - - . proms romnwrturai £fiaooa ■■■ 

.v • m- iMimenl “ ataii- 

.V ; . nSHsTaW 


, ■ L.K. IW1KHU4W E ct]f |,| tract: 


P ’ WteSe * 

_ TetaWCT 

tmuRE BfTElWA - n a(«*L 

‘ * M !r feviwhML^u^^ccUOne ACEMCYrftcr^i 

cnulpraenl. ^iy,qnit. wrtl " ,llR ?f l S 

AUK. no sioclt-^ 1 ^, £ 3.250 catrtKV4n4 «« 

Seinhnort Zj£ art rft.SOO iy. som e } 



i l •— BOX B9* ■ g r-pnettf mnw IHc »t*5j* L 

.•••' "VSKriltlK LO-W-J^^j^vaio » «w 

■ ; ^.'S!A £)lS 

m Asa fg Bmncg. Wp e, 

jribe Ledcett 



Teta 4443 37 ACTB85 6 

23 sn~£ffj 2 


w me flf 

tered in expandng BuSflng/ 
RcmeOl^WorkS Company 
with substantial assets. 
Must have thorough krowl- 
edge of the Industry & have 
tne ab*ty to Milage the 

business »organttjMWjv- 

skxi tx ogrammes from Heaa 
Office Based In Hie NOftn 
West. Tremendous pros¬ 
pects tor awbffious pwson 

with remuneratton I Pot 
S haring to match. ESO^OO 


nea. contact ouropand- 
ing compeny whua k 

Trading Company, 
PO Box 152, 

Va^SSz es 



TEL (01)“!SS 

HAVE TOU cor * MW 

lor a roof emu*. Tun" 


MfJeoxCIO . 


with limited capital, 
exciting alternative 

0705 504644. 


£50,000 trading oppor¬ 
tunity. Mm 70% pa. 4 
years audited figures. 
Vt hour per day. 1 
month trial available. 


01 <-930 8732 


CARTONS Bouuuwoacs Huh 

ci» 60 Mter coticr 

wop bouttnwpiiwwip 
aulUPiuir Ii+ncti prooum. 
FranrMu* ouUM dup open eartv 
Ocrobrr In nulling new flop¬ 
ping dmHeemrnt in Cxrlrr. 

SiMiecnly avaUaM*. Inuwmml 
C6tV65.000. Good rdurnt. OUv 
cr dies*, also evatUMe. Ptww 
Rogrr Mundy on 10392153071. 

ntAMCHira KtnwTWir «. 

ocuilsr will prepare W 
documeniatlon papmanfl nan- 
ei« mmatmcpi nagoiuuoBs. 
Contact; GTS 01-601 1816. 


10.75% INTEREST 

Commercial Pr o perties. 
Hotels. Nursing and Rest 
Hornes, Residential. 

HDtton Keynes 

(0008) 368071 

Raymond Brett & Co. 


?S% par annum return wd 
a dunce In partnpaU in 
the deveiopment of IM 



in ihe country. Oflering 
sheltered accommodiuort. 
Rest Home and tarang 
Home taotoes. 

Minimum investment 
£5.000 seont by frrahold 

For details w»de w 
Mlw Svmccs Ltd. 

34 VHAona Road, 
PmsIonPfQ 4NE 


To al Mails red pnrposn. tea 
ksdeandM. > wte*y looks Ho■ 

Evoi dote Semi"doesn't mm 

Ml mom u n wBiLo a mtt n 

cueeral darty. 

Mandactetn red soppSoa ol tte 
lugbm «Wtv and most dtereet 

Ahare as* ttr Arttei 

tT lniS, f Available for co mtn e r - 

Rjra» SEL Wi« cialprt^rties,hotels, 

jouvMinAu^^nfloSm licenced premises, 

businesses etc, also 
earn a 2 nd building, development 

nJSS!"^»p« and project finance. 

Victoria mrv ROM-SL 

JSnSST'Sur'u^" Cafl 0803 


574230 {24hr answer phone) 

..momi- bodtCARE biBum 

TSwWS’W - 

Crenrtaoe (0223) si 2 * 67 - 
ply ID BOX A37. 




Also full range of 
professional counter 


equipment M.T. 
limited. PO Box 133, 
St Peter Port, 

Teh 0461-53316 . 

UK agent 
David Chamberlain 


+ W 2 

Low premium 24hr 
access + parking. Fum 
carpeted offices lad 
phone/telex/fax. Fir 




pays a £25 fee. In feet, the game is 
deceptively expensive because after the 
first 40 bullets you pay £1 for subsequent 
refills of eight. The pistol generally needs 
a replacement 5Op carbon-dioxide cylin¬ 
der after 20 bullets and the uniform costs ! 
£2 to hire: AJJ in all, you are lucky to get 
away with an outlay of £40. 

The Great Adventure Game is regis¬ 
tered with the British Franchise Associa¬ 
tion and will be applying for 
membership when eligible, ie. after it has 
been running in this country for two 

It may seem an easy way to make 
money. After all, you simply need a field 
(planning permission is not necessary) 
and the equipment But Mr Wright 
points out that his franchisees have not 
so far been doing as well as they hoped 
they quickly would be, and it seems that 
at least three other companies are 
marketing a similar game in this country. 


■ Management buy-out activity is 
greater than has so far been realized 
and more growth is expected this 
year. So concludes the Centre for 
Management Buy-out Research at 
the University of Nottingham, which is to 
bring out in the autumn a wide- 
ranging study of a phenomenon that has 
burgeoned, particularly during the 
present decade. 

There were 227 buy-outs last year, 
against 210 in 1984 and 205 the year 
before. In 1980 there were only 107, 
double the number the previous year. 
Last year the value of buy-outs 
jumped to £930 million, more than three 
times up on the previous year, 
although the average value of each buy¬ 
out last year was still only £4.04 

This scale of buy-out activity is 
almost 15 per cent greater than 
incficated by other earlier estimates, 
but the centre has probably brought into 
the net more of the smaller buy¬ 

Canada One-Write Supply Limited 

Available on three product lines for distribution or manu¬ 
facture and distribution. Under licence in the U.K. The 
$200,000,000,000 market in North America consists of 
industry, government commerciai business and the pro¬ 
fessions. The ongoing repetitive nature of this 100% 
repeat business makes it a sterling investment opportu¬ 
nity for the right individual(s). A senior executive wffl be 
arriving in England July 18th 1986. For further information 
contact the undersigned in writing by July 28th 1986 stat¬ 
ing name, phone number, company name or present 

C/o 15 Springside, 

Sacriston, Co. Durham, 

DH7 6QJ- 

or call direct Canada (204) 6331977. 


III If you’ve 

Our dienl is a well estabUsked British investor to participate in a joint 

Franchisor wbo has racanlfy venture to create a sound base prior 

bmifii^ inio iiw Enwrap fftait to Worth American expansion in 1987. 

sector. There is a potential for 800-1000 

The business sells up-market, high 

quality products and »rvices with a ongningroyalty and property revenue, 
wide age and socio-economic appeaL 

!n order to maximise this opportunity. Capital investment will 1 
the company is seeking a British region of £350/500.000- 

Inlerested panics should write for farther details to: 

BOX F43 

Capital investment will be in tho 

region of £350/500.000. 


TURER Has substantial mumbes 
PET for immediate delivery. 
Many rnffewr designs and av¬ 
ows suitable lor otlces, hotels, 
restaurants, mght dubs. b*go 
hslls/cmemjs etc. Quantities 
ratable up to 20000 sq leet oer 
design or colour PRICES FROM 
£950 SQ YARD 
For samples and quotations, 



BOB OHfl. 

TEL 0274 495645 



(One of Europe’s 
busiest streets) 

Shop within a shop 

For rental under 
1 window. 2 

Write for further 

Reply to BOX F78 

Crlular hand portaMn «wlh 
mams rharyors Orsk loo hoM 
CT+ a tar rhar^mg kite L aw 
dnrounta. Contact 061 228 
0627 for details. 

MRUM VICEROY p rogramma 
Me IrV-pnanr «ysMm. Auto call 
ditmton or rcwrsoJr operated 8 
linr* and 16 nl« Fraction of 
row C8SO. Trt 093* 470757. 

STOHNO 800 dircrl dial car radio 
frlononr Fraction of row 
c?SO i2 at alia Mr). 0924 



Are creditors hounrtngyou? 
Are suppeers wasting on 
proforma or CWO 9 
Are oa*«s aoout to levy the 

Are the banks insisting you 
sign more personal 

II the answer Is yes to any at 
(terse questions you need 
out help. It we cannot help 
you sav8 your company we 
can advtse you on fcqutd a - 
oon. Contact us today. 
Ross WaBcar A Assocetas. 
Freepost Loxley. Warwick. 
CV35 SCR. 

(0789) 841292 
Of (0906) 776617 



StffNKWc ousted orausswnafc tee 
tea mwv rurt enwrace ta ea n pw wv 
0 > rtmcuds ansikag m (H Be ngm 
mac 01 Orecw fi^flwants V 
Muter Uiatnsw opw«aon 


can you toad ted tired 
large gross at peOpte. 

, ExeepubnaUy Ngti income 
potential it you can. 

Ring 01-731 5048. 


821 236 0(6S 

sis aned la adw are . 

LONDON 81-788 6133, 
ttd DBiHAAS 078-451912 

Fue secretarial services, telex, 
tax. phone and bo anl ioo m 
Arafitoto an start 

or tong tarn 




Trading problems, barks and 
TOtew Ptotafl? Al ca n be 
sohftd m a very arfidemal 

Wb also specialise in debt 


851 931 4799 
24 h oar sendee 


BreiingKM uhone. Irtoandfor- 

warding smiew. Oi 434 2560 





still available on 




WANG equipment- 




U-AZDdmt SBaeL biadoo WX 
Tel: 014081516 

Awhorised\Sang Dealer. 

July offer only 


20 mob. B4QK Rem 
Mono VDU, Keyboard 
£1899 + VAT 
Ring: 263-8312 Alowf 



Defeasor is used to formal 
your dsk. You are jvan 
codes wtecti win allow you 
to retease your software m a 

totally protected form, 
making illegal copying by 
unscrupulous users 

li you would like more Jn- 
{ormadon please writs to: 

Kynd Programs United, 
Freeput PO 323. 
Bradford. W. Yorks 
SD10 8BR , 

or telephose: ] 

Defensor Hotlrae 
0274 811772 

PC, XT, 8T 
Printers etc. 

Example IBM XT with 
mono screen & 10 mb 
fixed disk on 3 month 
rental agreement £200 
per calendar month. H 
you buy after renting 
you get a rebate on 

For more information 

Cosmicdata ud, 
56 Grove Road, 
Sutton, Storey 
on 01- 6S1 7611. 
BM aitbsrteed dealer 

the top franchise 
get it in print. 

AFPln»tentBrii>i r re«tcti tte l« ui BB» a nt t rii ra aeigiere. 

PS* bite top company inabooiMig madcai.P 8 > knotted 
warn Print #1196*. ICJilieikorkrsbiBgast with Ota longast 
mcordoi success. 

Instant PnntisegrMt growth stay. More people wait more 
l l wp s printed laser than cvcrbctore. 

B PIP ara known as lha "Pros in Printing! 

CuSBmersgalabe&ar ssntca. and yougeia 
jcuartrancNae; aptotosaonelirenctese package, 
borough vaaRnfl school, access to the laiesttosqm 
nt tectmiogdand a powertjJsiww: programme. 


TNs yew wefte planning the last03lgn»rth.B» ! 

past promo u o na l cam pai gn, menno mote piolluMB 
ewrJomus. ^ I 

ran be financed by leadng banka. ai/jf/B I 
nehBsIsnR sconce to prim money: i 

:bKa iv.BW.Ln ■ , « ?, ,# 
Mns-Conteausnow IINUTOSNIrinlUibg* 

PP. RrTITMPfMT SB® fcC THE FACTS _ __ _ TT18/7 | 


eure«umHBUM. 2 CrondreteMd. \X 

tpuBJiHWttBIg.m Ol^PIPPtt 'Os. 


never has a 

No company can 
achieve its M potential 
when there’s a cash 

Tiw Borders 



On superb elevated stta 
Garden raw pounds appro xima tely 2 ecrw 
together ¥<nh die ou men tfin y Owner's residence. 

Adapabta bukfing sutabte far Tearoom etc. 

At present a successbd (ucrattw txislretts vdth 
eaceient potan&rt for further growth. 

A p ptceOonetn wrOag toe 

Smiths Gore, 

(ReTSJS) 62/64 Warwick Road. 
Carlisle CA1 IDS 

^ — ajs^a=a=^ 

HOc Y<ai, 

FORTUNE 32*16 XP30 

Total Package 

For,uoc 3-16 XP (Expanded Performance) —^ i JV 

'*'"**"“■ 5 

I MByte Rjndwi Accen Memory (RAM) 40 l| ,/V 
J Worlsuiiosa [choax ofctRour) and tow pro- ^ 

file keyboard*. 

FOR:PHO Enhanced Unix Ooerattn* System. 

Extended fanuneWord-Wort Processor. 
fVovuln* B.C5 United 

Records ProccssinttMailtos Lots) South Bank House 

SpeHin* Chcrkcr ■ • • -Blaefc Prtncr Read - - 

Ad.aaerd Ctoraary ;■ London SEI 7SI 

Multiple Cotemns Tdrphoee 

Index Generator 0I-9C fiOtO • 



You could have your own business in the £60bn fuel 
efficiency market as an independent distributor for the 
market leaders. 


If you have H & V or Road Transport and Sabs oqxrience. we 
could help you to a satisfying, successful and Independent career 
in the Candy's largest growth industry. 

Write in confidence for detafls to: 


Brook House, Shifnal, TF11 8AF. 


Wishes to appoint tSstribulore and agents ei London and Home 
Counties (or the following new and exerting range of products. 

A Shell-Wood fashion jewefleiy 
B Garment-trendy casuals 
C Sports Wear and shoes 
D Small feather goods and nylon luggage 
E Bronze and brass wears 
F Stationery products • new items 

For details and appointment tar viewing of samples write to: 
Wright ideas end Design Concepts, 28 Fishpond Road, 
Tooting Bee, London SW17 7LQ. 


Borders London /Essex with instant print and copy 
shop. Backed up with conventional factory. Small flat 
New 9 year lease available. T/o £160.000. Excellent 
position and potential prospects. £120,000 ono. 
Principals only. 

Reply to BOX All. 

Follow the example 
of the growing number 
of really successful 

convert you invoices . /A 
into cash with , 
International Factors. -. s 

months, all approved vSjj 
invoices are paid in full > 

with an immetfiate 80% cash advance. 

. a» i When we watdi your 
^5 Internauonai cashflow, an the effort 
Factors you invest really pays aft 

ip = = == = = = = - 
Tta teenntkxid F4onn Lamed. P.0. Bax 2M, Sovereign Horse, 

« Queen’s Snsd, Brighton BN13WX.TWrphooc(H732121L 


J - Address. 


[ The perfect partnerfor the growing business | 

A menterol tte Lloyds Bek Graqi ^ 



Have you ever wanted to take part in the making of a 
fall length ffiwwteri feature film? This highly success¬ 
ful group Associated Artists International are inviting 
individuals. City finance homes and imaginative iOus- 
tratore to be part of an exciting new concept. 

Film Title 


This greatest of all Music-Drama’s has never been made 
as a feature film before. It’s World-Wide Cinema and 
Hi-Fi video potential is enonnow-and certain!. 

The Ring Part One. Production start date 
January ’87. 


The Ring Part Two. Production start date Janu¬ 
ary U8. 

(The Twilight of the Gods). 

IT you are interested in this very exciting endeavour and 
would like to know more, please contact: 

Mark D*PauI (Artistic Director) 

Tel: (0783) 855959 Ext. 206-7. 

Telex 537834 PAUON G. 

or write to: 

Associated Artists INT 
P.R.E. Complex 
Pnllioo (Ind) Estate 
SR4 6SN 


In today’s modern age of advanced communica¬ 
tions can your company afford to lose business by 
not having facsimile and telex? silhouette industries 
supply. Install, service and bain operalois In telex & fac¬ 
simile machines, on outright purchase, lease, or 
rental nationwide. 

For farther information: SSbonettE Industries Ltd, 
01-582 4155 


dub magazines, free newspapers etc - contact 
us for keenest prices in typesetting and printing. 

Telephone (0278) 426633 
and ask for 

Nell Cloutman or Ian Wright 


Exerting opportunity to invest into an ex- i 
pending communication equipment 
company which is wholesaling, retailing 
and servicing nationwide with own sales 
and dealer network in cellular radio, local 
radio, paging, satellite TV systems etc. 

For details 
reply to Box F26 

also on page 25 

Motoring, by Gifford Webb 

Jetta seeks a more youthful image 

* -.7 * s- •• )' '• 

; ■: ; : a ■" 

-- • *. V y. • 

' i ' .'4 

Volkswagen is changing the 
image of the Jetta, saloon 
. cousin of the better-known 
Golf Hatchback. When the 
Jetta appeared it was cam- 

— paigned as a mid-range, car, 
related to the Golf but inde- 

- pendently developed for the 
.. older family maiL Great em¬ 
phasis was bid on it haring an 
enormous boot capable of 
swallowing luggage for five 

But this year Wolfsburg 
produced two new versions 
intended to give the Jetta a 
more youthful image and 
access to a wider market—the 
1.6 TX costing £6,830 and the 
1.8 fuel injected GT at £8,496. 
According to V.A.G., the 
Lonrho company which im¬ 
ports Audi and vW cars sold 
here, the ploy has “produced a 
big increase in Jetta sales. 

•»•** . a**w*t\< .»*** "T u \ ’ — ‘ t+r . 

« 7 V -rz •; 

>. '-i >'• 

..vC V*:. • - nr: . ' 

r •' ‘ - . _ . 

Volkswagen Jetta GT Special: A limited edition by GTi Engineering 

Vital statistics 

Model; VW Jetta GT “Special” 
Price; £10,937 
Engine: 1781cc injected 
Performance; 0-60 mph 9 sec¬ 
onds, maximum speed 117 

Official consumption: Urban 
27.4 mpg, 56 mph 48.7 mpg 
and 75 mph 37.2 mpg 
Length: 14.2 feet 
Insurance: Group 6 _ 

Buyers are now identifying the 
car as a superb sports saloon”. 

In the first half of this year 
Jetta sales increased by 15 per 
cent, neatly double the in¬ 
crease on Golf sales although 
the latter is still by far the most 
popular model — 18,500 sales 
compared to 3,800. 

Now VA.G. is taking the 
image-building campaign a 
stage further with a very eye¬ 
catching version of the Jetta 
GT by GTi Engineering, the 
Silverstone-based company 
which has acquired quite a 
reputation with “go-faster 
specials”. It has sensibly left 
the engine alone. The 1.8 litre 
112 bhp unit the Jetta GT 
shares with the Golf GTi is 
one of the truly great engines 
of the past 10 years. And with 
a top speed approaching 120 
mph and a 0-60mph time of 
nine seconds it was already 
fast enough for most drivers 
while still retaining its remark¬ 
able flexibility. 

Instead it has concentrated 
on improving the appearance 
of the standard GT to make it 
cosmetically more appealing 
to “macho” conscious young¬ 
sters. And in my view it has 
made a good job of the 
transformation. A body-styl¬ 
ing kit including front and rear 
spoilers, seven-spoked light 
alloy wheels with fat low 
aspect ratio lyres, all-white 
paint relieved only by an iron 

grey side stripe together with 
lowered suspension make it 
eye-catching without being 
flashy or aggressive. 

I was less happy about the 
car’s handling. Setting it up for 
speed work has made it too 
twitcfay for my liking. There is 
a vague feeling about the 
steering under heavy accelera¬ 
tion and the whole car reacts 

contrasting colour stripe or 
two, paint on the new name to 
give it a personality and add 
some extras which if pur¬ 
chased separately would add 
up to more than the difference 
between the price of the new 
car and the one it is derived 

The problem for the motor¬ 
ist, however, is that the pack- 

nervously to bumps and pot- ' age of extras usually contains 
holes. It still manages to stay some he would not have 

on its line through poorly- 
surfaced comers but is not a 
patch on the standard Golf 
GTi in the quality of its 
handling or ride comfort. 

Dressing up 

One of the most successful 
marketing ploys of recent 
years has been the “dressing 
up” of one version in a range 
to boost sales. The result is 
usually described as a 
“limited” edition and given a 
name in its own right Jn my 
experience “limited” simply . 
means that if the first batch 
sells well another batch will be 
rushed through as quickly as 

For all that motorists usual¬ 
ly get a good deal. Most 
manufacturers take the cheap¬ 
est models in the range, add a 

this very attractive little car. 

For their £175 they get 
silver metallic paint which 
would cost £140 as an option, 
a more deluxe interior trim 
including fashionable blue 
denim, matching carpets, 
bumper inserts, wheel discs 
from a more expensive model, 
front seat head restraints and a 
dipping rear view mirror. 

Rover tow car 

Caravanners are waiting ea¬ 
gerly for the trade magazines 
to publish road tests of the 

suitability of the new Rover in this country. 


• A new addition to the 
Porsche 944 range will be 
going on sale here m Septem¬ 
ber. The 2.5 litre 944S with a 
top speed of I42mph slots in 
between the 944 Lax and top- 
of-the-range 944 Turbo. It is 
expected to cost about 

• The visual standards of 
many British motorists are 
“frighteningly low" accord¬ 
ing to recent surveys by the 
Association of Optica] Practi¬ 
tioners and die Guild of 

Experienced Motorists. If 
you want to know how good 
your eyesight is pop along to 
the Road Safety Exhibition 
being run in Guildhall Yard, 
London, EC2 next week, from 
Tuesday to Friday. The asso¬ 
ciation is conducting vision 
screening checks for motor¬ 
ists there as part of European 
Road Safety Year. 

• Jaguar has invested £20 
million to introduce a new 
Clear Over Base paint tech¬ 
nique. Protective covering of 

dear, hard lacquer are added 
after colour to give a tough 
exterior finish which still 
allows the colour to shine 
through. The Coventry firm 
Haims it is the first European 
car-maker to use this tech¬ 
nique across its entire range 
of colours. 

• “D” registration Nissans 
are having their major service 
intervals extended to 18,000 
miles with half this distance 
for oil and spark plug, 


©Ivor Holmes^-" 


1986 3181 4dr. Alpine white, msr. stereo-£9,795 

1986 320 2-dr. Arctic, msr. alloys etc-£11,895 

1986 320 Cabriolet Alpine, pas. c/1, e/w—-...£13.350 

1966 520 Ante. Cosmos, msr, c/I. stereo-£11,995 

1984 520 Ante. Bahama, esr, 11,000 miles - £12495 

1986 720 Ante. Special equipment, air condffioning£16495 
1983 739 Ado. Special equpment, 1984 modal. .£13495 


A SnwW Setectfon From Our Approved UsedStod 

CABRIOLET 3231 1980. Auto. 
DK. Mm alkw. 64 000 mile?. 
FSH. melallir gun mclal. Wire 
radio rassrtte. nirr condition. 
C5.750 ono TO 10784) 61216 


2xl964 323s. A Mask one. rt» 
SWM 999. and a red one DGM 30. 
dtncnxs can, tuH semes hom¬ 
es, both lam 4 doors. 5 speed 
box. elec sun roots, central lock¬ 
ing. electric mirrors, headlamp 
washwipe. stBroo cassette / ratio, 
fltecfw aerate. ton ted Strp tiff, al¬ 
loy wheels, spons steering wheels. 

£9258 PER CAR. 

(0628(73668 (24 HOUR) , 


ONLY. Beane 
Sunroal Stereo tabu/Cassette. 
Beane Acral Etecoic widows. 
Aby Wheels Excttat Conkwa 9 
mortis axnprefMnsrve warranty 

SLM or war oflw. 

Td 0468 84501 (wort;] or 
0488 82197 (home} 

3181 CAB C Reg. Metallic 
Wlior Mark. IHD. 12.000 
inlk>v P-VS. alloy wheels. LP 
lyrrs. Blaupunkl stereo. lull ill 
Iramur alarm, electric mirrors, 
limed windows. FSH. immacu¬ 
late Cl 1.003 ono Phone 01- 
483 2488. 

US cn X Reg 1983. automatic, 
red hide uphotslry, stereo sy*. 
lem. BMW main dealer serviced 
A recently 43000 mis. Very 
smart last car. EaceUeiu rood. 
Quirt, sale. £9.023 Tel <08444 1 
cOi S338 E\n 5319 

BMW 320 1983. PaluH sllver 
wtih Marh interior Sunroof, al¬ 
loy wheels, headlamp wash- 
wipe Pioneer stereo, electric 
mirror, rear sooner. Tull ser¬ 
vice history. Taxed and newly 
MOT Superb oond throughout. 
£4.695. TcH: 10307} 22280 

310 AUTO 0 Re*. White Front & 
rear spoilers. Sunroof. Quad 
erne. 16.000 miles. FSH Im- 
mafulalc condition. £6-905. 
TO: 0734 418 879 Home 0753 
44244 X 1700 Office 

3231 VSBreal .door, cosmos 
Mut>. anthracite Interior, c 
* roof A windows, alloys, cen 
loch, gd slereou 11.000 «M. 
£10.460 Tel: Mr. Martin 0580 
291361 (Kent) *ves A w,«nds. 

BMW 7281 IMS (ft) 6 SP. O.D 
manual. Black bodywork. 
Pearhbwge leather Interior. 
Sunroof. Alloy wheels. ABS 
brakes. 30.000 mites, One own¬ 
er. Hull service hiaoryt. 
■Cl l .750. TO: 0463 733391 (Of- 
fleet 0462 730141 (home) 

635 CM, 1980.5 spared dose ra- 
ile. red cream leather. Below 
average mileage, all sMcuies. 
main wheels, spoilers, central 
locking. Beautiful condition 
(special plate available). 
.CUBA Week-end Booshot 
71341. WHNk day Ol 222 6406 

rm 1986 BMW 3331. while. 
Black hide rrcarps, lecnnics 
body, e r box. LSD. special al¬ 
loys. P7*L full spec, delivery 
mileage £10.930. Tel 04862 
833B or 29444 MoiMSai 9-7pm 
Sun lO-epm. 

BMW 318 A rag. 3 dr. new shape, 
timed windows, henna red. SB. 
stereo, superb car. £6J50 ono. 
BnslOl 0372 683412. 

new Bamrs - au rkkmk n> or¬ 
der. 32014 in stock. Large 
discount*. Tel 0227 793010 (T) 

BALW.G35 CM AulO. 83. Beige. 
1 owner. 663)00 mb. Vgc. 
Cl 1.760. Teli0703) 619911 or 
(07941 518341 

635 CSIA 81 X. Metallic Mur. 
Brtgr Interior Usual Enrav 
39.000 miles. Ex ret lent condi- 
. non. £8.800 TO.OI 730 7968 
am 0733 886221 pm. 

1984 WHITT BMW 3I». Sue In- 
lenor with economy gage. I 
lady owner. 26JXIO miles. 
£6350. TO 0734 874859 or 
0223 243197. 

3181 4 door Immarulale. Henna 
red wiih black shipm. Reg May 
84 F f Sunshine roof, alloy 
wheels, new lyres, spoiughis. 
(Her windows, rear spoUer. Cen¬ 
tral locking. Pioneer radio 
rasselte. 50000 mb. £5.950 
Tel021 358 0411 (eves I 021 
368 2436 iwfcdays) 

7331 Auto. 82 V. Of rectors Car. 
Silver met. blue ,flour, ctecinr 
sunroof dr windows, ahoy 
wheels, rear spoiler. alrcon. 
cruise control. computer. 
Blaupunkl rad cassette. £6.750 
ono Teii0444j 6S761 

1084 (HI BMW M3L Electric 
sunroof, decltic windows. Blau 
Punk! stereo cassene. Spoiler, 
mdalllr pa ml. S speed. 36.600 
mites. Service History. £8.950 
TO: 0981 240 OOO (Office hr*) 

MW 835 CH A. 1983 1 VI. Polar. 
M silver. One owner from new 
FSH. Qec windows, roof. Ste¬ 
reo. IMIIMT Inm. 64.000 mis 
MW £12.950. Tel Crawley 
<0293) 882115. 


83 (A). Zinc metailic. 
24,000 mis. 1 owner. 

-£19,750 ono. 

82 (Y). Black. FSH. 
39,000 mis. —£16,950. 

924 84 (A). Blade. Bee 
sunroof. Power/Cass. 
21,000 mis. 1 owner. 
FSH.-£9500 ono. 

01-938 148S (T) 

928 S AUTO 
1985 C reg. 

Magnificent Black with 
leather Black trim. Fully 
equipped. Air corafitibn etc. 
Large saving an new cost 

Rim Deny saw 
an 021 622 1122 T. 

•44 Jan t986.4.800 miles, man 
ii.ii. while burgundy pinsinpc. 
s roof , snort seals, heated seals. 
logiHUiK. oilier extras, really 
immarulale. l owner £18.995 
ono. 01 988 9719 963 3880. 

PORSCHE 911 TAMA 1979 
While wiih full blart lealher. 
Spoiler. FSH. 1 owner 60.000 
mis Exreflenl condition. 
£10.500. TO.OI -638 6444 or 
<0634| 34630 

92S S 1884 Aulo B Reg. Mriallk- 
Bron/e wiih Brown lealher in 
I Ml or. 24.000 miles. Full stereo 
park. Sunroof Fully Serviced. 
rSH Irntnac rone. £26.000 
TO: i021i 366 3388 day 


Aug '86 <CJ- Gamef red 
mM. efer. s s. cruise conlrol. 
a OOO miles. £38.750 TO 061 
904 9887 ieves a wkends) 

'824 1983 iXk Immarulale. met 
black, sunroof, one owner, sir 
im POM. FSH. 41.000 miles. 
New rar arriving £6-900. Td 
079 986 401. 

PORSCHE 024 TURBO. Y reft. 
Metallic Green Low mileage. 
Excellent condition. £7.000. 
TO. 0844 308628. 

PORSCHE 928 S2- Aulo. FSH. 
nxi August 1986. dark blue, 
mast extras. 2&J300 miles. 
£39.003. Work- 021 552 5326. 
BLark. 1981. FSH. Low mUe- 
age. Front A Bark spoflers. 
Forged alloy wheels. Long 
MOT. Tax. Many extras. Etcref- 
tenl randJllon. ElS^oo or PX 
Merr. 944. 924. Private sale. 
Bournemouth 0202 76938a 
911 SC CABMOLCT - White with 
Mark lealher inlcrtor. 22000 
miles. Just had full 24.000 
rmles service. Perfect common 
throughoul. £19.250 TO : 668 
6464 exu 2741 lofflre hours; A 
221 3991 eves. 

911 CARRERA Sport Coupe 
Garnet. Feb 85. one owner. 
POM. efer roof. 17.500 miles. 
Panasonic stereo, car as new. 
£25300 061-941 6411. 

911. Carrera Snorts Couoe. 1984 
tAi 29.000 miles. One owner 
Full Service History- Price: 
£2)250. TO Day: 0282 
866724 Eve. 0536 33097. 

944 LUX 82 X reg. 61.000 miles. 

Red. Immarulale cornu lion. Full 
service documemailon. 1 awn- 
or. 00.500. Tel: Maidstone 

944 AUTO C 1985. champagn 
won enre roof. 6.000 mts. still 
under manufactures warrenly. 
£16.500. 04024 62076.T 
928S 19S1, Win red. auto, sun- 
roof, low mileage, good rood. 
£13.960 TO: 01-882 6849. 
*» 8 n AUTO 86 c. Crystal 
Green. Peart leather bit. Under 
5.000 mh. £33.800. Sun 031 
308 0348. off 0437 4611 T 
944 WHITE Plum Interior. Only 
S Mlhs Old. Cruise. 2 I 8 - *. 
Foogs- S/Roof. £19295 ono. 
TO: 0222 731330 
911 CARREKA Sport B. Black. 
Pristine. Spons seats. £23400. 
PX 911 or 944, 0502 76234. 
924 LUX A Reg. 16.000 mb. Red. 
Dec s roof, rad csss, alarm 
etc. £10.760 084421 3097 
929 9 AUTO 1983 31.000 miles. 
FSH. Sunroof etc. £19.960. 
0563 24012 or 0830 6U928 T 

TWO UNIQUE genuine K>w mile¬ 
age ram. A i960 406 BrUrtOl. 
11.600 mis 4 a 1977 412 8rta- 
tol 10.980 mb A1 R F Fuggie 
Lid. Buvhey Hearn. Herts. 01 
950 1686 W E 0279 843161. 
MORGAN ♦ 8 Black w IUl Crram 
Lealher Exlrav Genuine 1-300 
Miles £12.260 No Time wast¬ 
ers. As New. TO. 041-534-8906 
£7.500 1 no odem Details 0728 
747347 any Ume 
ROVER 1972 35. BRC. original 
owner. 51.000 genuine mis. 
vgr. C2.295 OOO 106646) 2462 



Most Dade Is 
available far 

-500 SEL 

1983 Saver biuo with blue 
trim. 1 owner. FSH. total 
spec. 35.000 miles. As 



Tel: 0535 36363 
(7 days) T 

GOLF CTI New shape. B Keg. 
1985. red. alloy wheetv. sleef 
sunroof. Pioneer radio ran. 
sun dym windgws, L l .OOO 
miles. 1 st class condition. 
£6.750 ono. TO; 0306 881301 
dys. 030677 464 Surrey. 

Ur tuner, Black Interior. Pirelli 
wheels and tyres. Sun roof. 
Blaupunkl radio. Very- low mile 
age. £6.950. Tel: 01 968 3108 

GOLF RTIB Peg atlas grey, elec s. 
roof, alarm system. 20.000 mis 
radio rasa, super tor. £6296. 
Tel: 089272 iKenf). 3640. 

GOUF on *84. alias grey. 27.000 
mis. s. roof. ewwUenf condition. 
£6.400. 01621 1111 ext 3208 


911 TURBOS B 92S*a Too prices- 
pari!. Goldmark Ud. 0836 
236537 Anytime. 

1964. Almond Green. Rh- N«. 
I xrv. mot May 87. Taxed) 
ProtaMy The Moil hnmacuiate 
Of ns Kind On S ale T oW ; 
£3.780 TO: 0902-710022 lQ> 
OT 02997-377 (H) 

■OB BT IE- -W nso. Comptete 
sraKMNmal re-bidkL IprtudHVQ 
2 litre .engine, wautui irtm. 
Learner unhoHiery. Had» £»■ 
setlr 2.600 miles. £8.760. Tel: 
01-778 8928 W/{Lays. 

PANTHER KALU9TA. 1.6. 1984. 
red. black roof/lnu wood vjg, 
neer. other apace evtns. 16 -fXXT 
mis. very good eaitd, £7r*6o. 
TO 0784 36962 Bv«. 

3MQE. Feb 86. 1600 miles. An- 
Ihidrtlc wllh Black lealher 
interior. Absolute stunner Full 
speciftralion including LotinSer 
sivlina and suspension. Air con¬ 
ditioning. ABS brakes. Define 
sunroof. Occtrtc seats with 
memory. One owner. Garaged. 
E29JOO. TO: 10256) 722628 

93 A MERCEDES 380 SEL. Pel 

red green metallic - Grey velour. 
AU optional eoutpmeni includ¬ 
ed 31 OOO mites. FM owner. 
At Condition Just serviced. 
£17.900 Moving abroad need 
early romptelioii. 0932 63159 

ImiNi BOO SXi Aulo convrrt 
ibte. Blue wllh Hue tni.1985. 
Company car. 14.000 mis. Fil¬ 
led bark seal. Excel ten! stereo 
sysiere. Immarulale cond. 
£27.000. TO I03B2) 712681 
iw days otUyt. 

19BS C 280 SL Signal Red# 
Black Cloth Rear Seat. Alloys. 
Stereo. Remote Alarm. 9.000 
mitm. Immaculate. Private 
Safe. £23.760 ono. Teln61 928 
6390 iwkj or 061 904 9131 IH) 

MERCEDES 230 TE. White Wue 
cloth. B reg (861. 23.000 miles, 
elec windows, sunroof, spill 
r. seal, immaculate condition. 
£13.000. TO: 01-886 6446 
icve&l or 01-846 9376 May* 

MERCEDES 300 ft Aulo sdoon. 
metal Ur green with green Interi¬ 
or. only 1 owner. 1984 B 
registered, ruled with many ex¬ 
tras. immaculate contusion. 
£10.760. TO 0632 685166. 

380 SE Nov ember 84 iBi. 1 own¬ 
er. white, blue velour, full 
muons, ae. ate. ahoys. cfs. w., 
cl. many others. 32-000 rmles. 
FSH. £19.996ono0! 668 2S2S 
073622 4464 

3X0 SL SPORT! X Reg. Cham¬ 
pagne. brown Inienor. C. C. 
FSH. A. W. 2 owners. 41.000 
miles £ 16 . 750 . 0784 54330 
Sundays or 01-890 0168 


230 CE Auto Coup*: AReg. Lady 
Director’s Or. PA S. OwMtc 
sunrmrf ExceHent rondttton. 
£10260. TO: 078 671 3021 
(home) 09S2 616906 toffteei 

(S 1983 A Mercedes 28 OSU 
SSmpamte Cote- 5 wed. full 
MWMtv. low profile. 1 
Swn«£ 13)000 Ms. FSH. 
eroogS. Tel 04862 3335 or 
39444 Mon-Frt9-7pm Sun 10-4 
■m 380 SEC, 33.000 nriles. 
petrol Blue.' Brtftf v-etour. «ec- 
m. root/ windows, seats. 
Aulo- PAS, cruise. Blaupunkl 
ojS, cp*» £21.999 twills I 
0226 705537 MOn-Sal. 0226 
703333 sun.'eves.T 
mfpe—»« 460 SEL V reg 
1980. Metallic llgm green. All 
extras. 36.000 miles, full ser¬ 
vice Wsfwy- tnunanilaw 
rondiuon for £10.750. Tel oi- 
807 6637. 

280 9L Signal red. 1984 B rtg. 
alloy wheats, cruise control. 
abS. radio. «c. Only ti .800 
mOtefuU 12 months wairamy. 
m new condition £20,960 Tci: 
0279 506711 week days 

Z39T (A) Only 17JSOO miles, one 
owner, hunt, auto- 1 sewer. 
ABS. central locking, stereo, 
lowing bar and etecumi*. fire 
etdittguMter. £11.780. 0734 

290 TE EMafe X reg. SfK er Blue 
Auto. Alloys, stereo radio. Sun 
roof, rear child seats, crone 
rontrol. I yrs MOT. Merc war¬ 
ranty. C7JSS0 ono. Tel: 0373 
864333 Off. 0373 823888 Hra. 

N"e-me» SOO SL *86 18 jOOO 
mis. 8 months MB warranty. 
FSH. Immaculate rood. 
£26.600. TO: 021 422 6786 
eves & w/ends. 

198 April 84 Silver Blue. 10.000 
miles only, i lady owner. AC 
sun roof. oOwr eMTte £9.760. 
Tel 01 992 7244. 

ESTATE 280 TL AML 82. Btue 
met. many extras, genuine 
46.000 mis. FSH. excellent 
cond. £8.995. 01-581 4178.T 

PAS. white Blue Ini. e,roof - 
windows, FSH. £11.460. 0276 
65547 T. 

MM SEC Met Green with velour 
mm Full wee. > owner. 
31.000 mis. £21.95a Tel: 0738 
25481 SUh 2-4 T. 

280SL85C. Red'CTeam lealher 
Rear seal. Allow Cnuse 
W w. SJOOO mis. As new. 
£24-995. TO: 01 906 3688 T. 

200 T, A reg. supertt cond. FSH. 
52.000 mite*, red with lex. ste 
reo. £ 8.600 Tel: 0228 8S9563 
ihome). 0225 61986 iwwk). 

I ME SS ft, met blue, auto, £/w. 
ESR. FSH. 18.000 mb. 
£12.260. 01-581 4178.T 

89 230 E Black A^JS-. ESR.. 
6,000 mtt- £16.995. TO 0580 

MERCEDES 3000. New Smoke 
auver m*L leather up howte ry. 

* many extras. 1 02302) 2770 

if i f 


UIC* Rist OfflcfoBy Appointed 

Land & Rang* Rovar Centre 


(field Road, Crawley, Sussex 
Tel: (0293) 20191 

Evu & Sun CMOS) 790750 

Stock Ahum* 


chosen. This message seems to Avondale, of Atherstone, 
have got home to Peugeot Warwickshire, has distributed 
because at £4,495 the recently photographs of its luxury four- 
announced Peugeot 205 wheel Avocet being lowed by a 
“Junior” costs only £175 more Rover 800. Unfortunately the 
than the basic 205XE leaving whole thing was staged on 
buyers to further personalize private land as the car's lack of 

800 as a tow car. According to 
knowledgeable people in the 
trade it has - on paper at least 
—all the qualities required of a 
good tow car but experience 
has shown that on the road 
some models with admirable 
paper credentials do not live 
up to their billing. 

In the meantime one cara¬ 
van manufacturer has acted 
quickly to get on the new car’s 
publicity bandwagon. 
Avondale, of Atherstone. 
Warwickshire, has distributed 
photographs of its luxury four- 
wheel Avocet being towed by a 

Telephone fer Meet 

0462 678191 



32-38 Upper High StoMt 
Epsom, Surrey 
Tftfc EPSOM 25611 

Est. 190S 



a registration number reveals. 

Shaun Doherty, managing 
director of South Yorkshire 
Caravans, ' near * Sheffield, 
hopes there will be no delay on 
Rover's part in furnishing at 
least one 800 with a towing 
hook for test purposes. “Un¬ 
less they act quickly they wflJ 
miss the boat this summer. A 
lot of caravanners change 
their cars in August and the 
remaining summer months.” 

Half a million British fam¬ 
ilies own a touring caravan. It 
is the third most popular type 
of holiday for those who stay 

5 speed manual, 1984, 
gunmetal blue, 35,000 
miles, good conc&tion. 


0992 715092. T 

BMW T M53S dose raw. 
ttamond/btack leattier, esc. iDc. 

380 SEC 1984.* cond. ABS, 
elec seats, 12,000 miles. 

Ctaeyne 01-788 4314 

1986.4 door, left band 
drive." air conditioned, . 
central locking, Ari¬ 
zona Tan. only 100 
miles, £13.600. 

Tel 0562 83563. 



1981. very good condition, long 
wBrt base. 30.000 mites, freon 
engine, long range fuel tanks. 
roof rack, security ffiring*, four 
•sneaker fterea cajo radio, reH- 
Bbte. regularly matnuunro. UK 
reg. ideal lrans<onaneniai ve¬ 
hicle E7.000. TebtOTOBi 68330 

HEW ROVER 8231 nacntaL aHay 
wheeb. Lmx Broue. unreg. 
j ui rtew Peugeot 205 GTI - * 
rtvolro of rotoara- List Tel any 
Ume 0298 813277. T 

280 CE 1978 

47300 mriess ham new! DtorooN) 
Hue F'S’H. jw nmamg Bee- 
tnc wMons X 4. EledncMnal. 
Central kxkng. Stereo fiawti kw 
inleege example of IMs ram car 
Loaded mitt almost rnty concav- 
able ann. £5900 (Pntrare sale). 
TO: W/BIOS 0202 18(671 

TH; W1DAYS 0202 <71701 


500 SEC 

ItocliU V reo. cream a«ti brown 
nw«r 41 OOO mdes rfgubrlr 
sertxd. lilt spec, mr ABS Making 
tufl X Cbiw dR nMOte SHts/ 
md smuoMoc ana med ™ 
Dkr. MBBO lb gtUfl BttvoDI 
9 bn casjeru eUW anMBan 
BroumaU n<JDD DM- 
Sunday {095321 21$4 
WMkday 01-402 0717 

Reg. 28.000 mik-v while. Mrge 
Interior, tmigarulate. Elo-ZGOl 
' * Tel: Vpiwom (Doneei 10202) 

HERCEPE 9 t» TE. Met. saver. 
Julv 85. I7^XXJ mis. Msr. e w. 
PAS*. Rad css. FSH. Imrrac. 
Cl 1.960. TO Day: (09341 
712993 Even 33291. 

HM SEC Mela Mr Brown. Lealher 
Upholstery- air con. E-5.R- 
Cruise. ABS . Aloy Wheels. 
rSH. £17.360 Tel: 

WoftUngham 1088386) 2141 

230 E 1984 AUTO MetalBr Blue, 
sunroof. 19.000 miles. FSH 
C9.595. 0243 862836 (EiCSi 
0243 822181 'Oavl 

590 SEC 1965 C Reg. Hue. 
10.000 males: healed scats, 
phone. Immaculate M.D's car. 
C34.996 OOO 0625 613848 
a ay 0626 829938 eve*_ 

280 SE Jan 80 fV). laxri 111 Dec. 
silver grey- sunroof, v gd condl. 
PAS. new lym. £5.460 ono. 
0242 327944. 681619. eves. 

280 ri v Reg. 1985. Prtroi Btue. 
17.000 miles, blaupunkl. im¬ 
maculate. 1 owner. FSH 
£18.500 ono. RtsDp 634296 

230 TJE. Aula White. May 82. 
61.000 miles. S-Roof pfus other 
extra* FSH. Immaculate coma 
lion £6.999. Tel: 0608 60900 


1988 Rad. Tan inner. RrairnM. 
only 5JX».mfc. Jun.satvcad. 


1982 Y. Star. Had bide. 39JOOD 
nds. FSH. 

Far details contact 
Cluii Greenwood 

I'riiiJNiRWF. 1 



November 84. racing red. 
magnate hkto wttfi rod pip¬ 
ing, air conti fo ning. rear 
anofoii, radio cassaoa, 
19£00 mflas. FSH. 


TetaptMM 01-631 4255 

Gold gale hide, exceltenl condi¬ 
tion throughoui. elec-sun roof. 
an cond. £5.000 ono. Myth. 
NOUS 1090976) 


hluc. NovemBer 83. 21.000 
mite*.-Air ran. F.S.H £19.600. 
TO office Ol 2ZB 9321. 

good comMUon- blur, child 
seals, rear suspension booster, 
power steering, manual. 61.SOO 
mUrs. 1 careful owner. £5^.90. 
Taxed Ull OCL Tel 01-616 8232 

Charade 1986, 1 Lady owner. 
3.700 mb only- Red. Man wah 
rainy. As new. £4.996. Tab 
0223 842830 T. 


BETTER PRICE 028868813 

308 GTB 

White with blue leather trim, 
-■irainditionino. 2.600 
miles, 1 owner. 


Bfgt r riiwiw 11 * tor D 




Offer tor imriwdbtta cMhwy: 
Subaru XT. Coupes and 
Turbo Estates. 

TEL: 01-453 3335 
Sund/eves 0342 713 953 

RAMOE ROVERS New. Unregis¬ 
tered. auto or manual wan air 
cond. LHD and BHD Irom 
£12.950 phone 0262 517640. 


Take the 

on your new car 

you take the profit, 
we do the work- , 

i .-9CI'ral-St 



FERRARI - The Brice is right) • 
Mondial QV. 1985. In rosso red. 
maonou lealher. 39XXX) mites. 
Scnlcp history 2 owners. Only 
£16.996 TNJ0734 793199 

TVR zaof 2 + 2 FHC LA) Reg. 
Beauttflu exampte of tins very 
rare model. 12.900 mites. FSH. 
one owner. £9.950 ono. Trie- 
phone 0604 42442. 


01-871 0922 

• Wood fends Way. 
--Putney-SW15 T 

LOTUS ELITE 1980. mcTSOver. 
cream Wde. PAS. E^wlndows. 
alloy wheels. 32000 miles 
only. FSH. £5.760. TO 042121 
3252. T 

MUMS Molar Show display car- 
V rro- Outstanding2 + 2»orti. 
RuH aroof. 43mpg. £5.950TO: 
. Ol 734 8«94 ex 3954 (oflkv 
hours) or 0225 354968 veves) 


PORTSMOUTH (07091830412 

250 E LATE 1903. Ivory. One 
owner Low mUeage. FSH 
£8260 TO: Ol 759 0481 

SL ZA, i ate 85. Immaculate. 
While. 9000 mum. £22.000. 
Many extras. 0272/844988. 





Mercedes Bonz main 
dealers. Underwriters 
for late and low mile¬ 
age Mercedes. 

500 SEC WAKTED by Private 
buyer. Late '85. Single Red or 
ThUtl* Green. £26.000. 
Telephone 0978 35894L 0978 
369772 home 

SECs. SLCs, SL's Too puces 
pom. Goldman: lul 0836 
236557 Anytime. 



1 4 trv immed irons, of- 
AflA fem over £4X100 
' 0492 82*39 


I rjTjT) trained trans. offers 
Iltr over £4.000 

0492 82439 



- : frrjv- 


Mlffi HS 

»**., w~**f \3 “» •«= 



1979 SILVER 

WifM ow Mkw s Met wA| 
Tan hate mtaw Orly 26.000 
min. 1 owner. Fid tick y wary 
him new tmn umBw contton. 

1977 |S) SILVER 

Bwmw Green mu art gnst 
mm .«PQQ m4s. SlJflftB 
eenduen itmuginuL 

FoZner (82016) 3402 fT) 

14,000 HILES ORLY. 

2 owners from new. fSH. 
fsBtad hi gams Mh cage 
Me tnm. 


TEL: WARE (0920) S9S1. 




16.000 ntes only. 

dmmnud Witty. Fmsbed 
hi Enter tee with magnoha 
hate Maw piped tee. 


Fulmer (02816) 


Ounfleur drww Chamans 
car. cense wiib magnolia 
leaner upholstery, colour 
coded dasfttKurd. carpets, 
seat inserts. 10.000 iniies 


Tel 0992 *43333 Office. T 




5.7 Hires 400 BHP 
6.4 Hires 440 BHP complete 
6.9 litres 480 BHP 







— Spccuiivl Care— 

epp'ur.lrrl |ti\!nhut»n 
tfolfv-fi t*ycr, tWnclf*. 


Nocnmat mlfeege.... ROlA. 

3.000 mflea.£49£00 


2000 miles.£57,500 


SOJ/ERSPtfUT 19,000 mites 

.. Mean 



p— a 




. fi 3 

SHADOW a . BR 046 28.000 
nuicv. nutmeg beige roof 
£23.000 Trt: 0959 33478 

icvrti 0689 30614 IdOV) 


SILVER man B rrg June 1985 
owur grey With dan. red tnleri 
or. Supere condition. 14.000 
mth>s. W2-500 OuleV ule 
<07021669872 <Ml 335436 iW| 

ItH <A> RMh Spun. FSH. 
16.000 miles, orrjn blue, man 
noiU bide. pmtr (rays, goto 
mavcct. many atm. Reg no. 
SWPE. C58.950 am Tel <HI 
0754 760322 <W) 0734 61602 

42.000 mis FSH. Blue met 
Good condition tor year. MOT 
12 ralhs. Any trial. XU 6.000 
ono. Tel- 0977 701676 borne. 
0977 619038 ollKe. 

BENTLEY S -SS red - parcnmciu. 
6.000 miles. (HI phone, private 
number optional, must seu. oi¬ 
lers over £40.000. Trt: Leeds 
<06321 686635. 

Lisburne Square, Torqua> 



devooMna of rail tenon, oilers 
lor sale 8? Mufunv. 78 T be 
nes II. 62 MV o All low mUraon 
onu ImnorUalr win FSH 
Please Phone 01 337 3951. 

CAMARCUE 1982 FSH 46.000 
nuiev Pmonal rryniraim 
number Can be viewed in Lon 
don fbn wrevend. U6.5O0. 
Consider PJC. 041 762 4333 or 
041 332 0122 

CORN KME ■ FWC. 1976. Nul 
meg mth magnolia HU. 
Cxrrouonat rood. drspne 
82.000 mb Private reo num¬ 
ber £19.600 Tel Ol 341- 
2IS&OJ <0279) 812611 <H> 

1*80 ROLLS ROYCE Silver 
Shadow ll in Moorland with 
Champagne hide, 72.000 mb. 
FSH. C1O.9S0- 07982 2407 ID. 

ROUS ROYCE Sliver 9vadow 
1976. can hoe an blue. 68.000 
muec. lid ruslory. exrrolloiial 
cur. £11.950. Bradlord 10274) 
688766 660398 IT) 

IOLL* BENTLEY Fine Condi¬ 
tion. Cal e<ill owner since new. 
Aug 1972. 39000 oeniMne 
mllev T «ertes salon inclusive 
lull rerriuge air rondiiwiuna. 
Luxury riliav Silver grey 
Body, black everOex root, blue 
learner interna. £12.600 Pri¬ 
vate owner Rnpalr 40884 


OW MM M. Registration JAC38 
23000 miles, full history, an 
usual evlrav. Caribbean Mue 
colour with Prior leather uphoi- 
slerv. immaruiale condiuon 
USiOO ono >09421 3o&84 
iweeVendl Or <025761 2288 
i day otlirel. 

ALL BLACK Mubanne Turbo 
1983. 27.000 indr*. Ebony 
wood work. to‘W lyres. H R 
L wn lull htviory and warran- 
■v immiiruiate inrougnoul. 
HOC member £44.600. 01-486 
4073 Home 01 499 4967 

Of I ice 

in mason black with betge hide, 
loo a bottom roils. 16.750 
miles, complete wnh telephone 
and venire history £61.430 
Trl. Bob Ben net! Ollire 0708 
23511. Sun 0702 73408 T. 


Broore. 39.000 miles X rep 
Rolls Royce Hillary. £46.760 
Tel: 0628 31347 or Ol 248 
8801 tOflXel 

cialists. For your servicing 
miwrnnral call Htllier HiU on 
■09081 618466. 

ROLLS BOYCE Corrurtve 
ComerUMr June 1986 wu- 
kjw gold colour Serge interior 
and loo Showroom ronmiion 
lew than 400 imtes To hignevl 
butder. Contact Eugene Low 
TeLOl 251 2670 

BOLLS BOYCE Stiver Shadow 11 
1981 X Reoouaimn Cnronu- 
yellow wnh brown Evertien 
roof Oatk brown hide uphol- 
sierv Top and knee rolls FSH 
31.000 miles Presnne example 
£24.000 Trt .0623 33514 

over ooUt wrin beme Aide ml. 
Cuaranleed ahsntuily unmacu- 
late, rult serixe hrvtory. new 
ivies and rviuial Hr £ 12.600 
ono Trt.061 -638-3963 

FOR mCsmrr Sttrti SeN-drtve 
or chaulleur Olhrr vehicles 
available 01-3409280 7902 T 

Reg Chestnut £20000. 0883 
40891 Ol 485 4134 fTl 

While, used for weddings Reg 3 
FCV. £8.000. Tel. 0792 51111. 

SAAB MO TURBO 1ST Exert ton I 
condition. Met-iHir Green run 
panv warranty until Ori 87. 
L4.600. Tel. Havombe 237. 


Company Director's car Excel¬ 
lent rondllton £9.950. Trt' 
0907 223 484 mornei 0932 616 
906 «uiicei 

JAGUAR 3A.X.J.S: Cabriole! 
save £6.000 on new price. Sago 
preen metallic with lull doeskin 
learner interior Usual high XJS 
spec. Headlamps w w and inp 
computer Showroom ccndl 
lion. 2.000 mb only. £19.500. 
Tel .061-427-4047 leves. 

W endll or 062 9693678 
iW days) 

kttBEsCed in me ufcimate Jaguar 
engnt-sand tar a Drotfue or id: 




!•: i nw c i9*t 

totemr Red. '"h nfcuv Vjiixt 
■I ks** smrnul wirv-rh ,innu- 
wov- skivtv. J4f tow in. 

rmlioc loodamn 
J ♦ 2 F T%PF.' 13 IY1J 
RH l.rniv uun Lwkcr ■sk-tior 
oilti rswamt .•!»•■ mk ■ekfcrni 
■>w J nimn mrm waiunl !SH 


£li500 EACH 
M34 725182 - SUNDAY 

0676 23526 

TR£X 312 475 fWD Difi-G 


auu June 64. sage peea 
menbe vm ccrerasmq t»ge 
lerma tnteniB AvanSttonetl 
12,000 ntfCL 1 owner. 


Tefc 01-471 9392 
(office bars) 
0702 587711 |m) 

iVALSH LAnfc WEfifOfft 

XJS LZ Man. IMf (meet 1982. 
tern part warranlv- 62-000 
miles, metalbr views. FSH. vun- 
rool C4JS0. Home- 0789 

1975. 77300 miles only, red 
cream hood, hard top. near per- 
led condiuon. £16.495 ana 
Tei 958 9388 or 0860 333663 

1983 md) ft loaf- £8-600 
0883 40891. 01-485 4134 <Ti 

me caxjwfMtgn caufutuonoa csmiMWW csflOiBwwsaoo oia* 

IWfiflOC auvfwvsdkoaso AudfCnw Cilx!mV3XI U6X 

WX fgBU*)6M0 £4*22 UW32QQ £03 


anwsua ff«50iiMW72M o»a 

Othar mcdcRS quoted Inc. Laoste Vmio-pundxjsa etc. Based ono 
3 ya r co nfnxf lnc.y^MoI nf D«io « icnfiof in ifn<cfiatD d^nwy 
In Rwdnbsnd UK. 

MikeDodds on 01-301-3050 

Wfvfehouse ® & 

Heel Services Blendon Road Bextey, Kent For Business lisas 

E TYPE JAOUAR \ 13 2-2. reg 
no j-Wj 44. uirmaralaie car 
f 7 99J. Bradford 10274) 
688756 660598 >Tl 

XJS X4 AUTO 19M| iw i. M» SOVCRIEONS2 Air Con tmmar 
root). immaruiale. 29 000 ulam. silver grey. 47.000 miles 

miles £6 000 ono 0323 766 io 960 TrL 01-367 1865 

080 I day ICH243 2225 <evesl T lEjilieldl. 




...for new or used cars 

Evans Halshaw 

The Midlands leading Dealer. 





GUY SALMON reaidre your Jag 
uar Daimler Hinder 2O.OO0 
■rate*! Immediate decivlon. 
Pankerv draft, nationwide col¬ 
lection Tel. Mark lewfeOI 398 
4222 bundoy 0836 202956. 

Bu smssTo auspcss 
RMG 01-481 «B2 

page 23 

' I)w l ‘dl| 11V•- 


Exceptional offer. Hi. res. 
screen wflh twin floppy, 
drives £295 + VAT. With 
10 Mh Winchester £495 + 
VAT. Maimos Limited 
i 0444 414484/454377. 


On IBM or Amstrads for ac¬ 
counting word processing in 
Surrey S. London area. 
Competitive rates. Phone 
Advanced Consultancy S 
Training Lid. on 01 661 
7611 or 01 643 7118 (24 

. WANTED ICL ME29 Peripherals 
* DBS Ktt also 2900 vrtti 
Mainframe purchased. Tel: 
0742 307388. . 

6580 A04 *360-0X2. 7997. 
. Phone (07421 3073887. 




6 ude H Med MWngrtU tt re- 
tacMnn ol m mo M T Head Once or 
Smued ft 

TtHtttam. gate** 

entended to a .gaaffil. 

oto spiceof IftfSp 
sq n on 3 

fiw. Is) Ibn 10 oiH«. Wtol 

ottos Ampterar 

mntag Ax weptaw £»«•«??■ 

pMt S da** wring, nw* enns 

Cook ft CoEsMB Ws 

(06399 48*64 or 68222. 

SSnX SS^im, M ^r n 

shopping vvi- PUaurtnQ 

offices shop, n - 
real dMe 

C97.0OO freehold. T*L 032Z« 

~wn NORFOLK Freehold 


Tel: 0263 79286- 



prruigiou* va» 

654 06S 7. 


EEC manufacturer erf 

electronic disp lays 
seeks UK disDfiwtore 
for new T . urb S 

tions to UK agenf 

"TjgSm 5 _ 

WANTttL ™ ^ 

ronsiaiatl cov 

SSnTSSSh at expenenev to 

POX C66 



Not a franchise! No advance 
stock roquiroments. Full 
training, backup and 

Become a member of Via 
fastest growth market m 
Britain today - CeWar car 
tHepnones. We wrent people 
who can sell! The best 
package in the kHtasttyl 

Contact us 
Monday to Friday 

The London Car 
Phone Company 

Ipswich (0473) 221815 


dead names. Interested? CHI 
Jau» for details on (0626J 

ouirc euamuhed agents to Mjl 
itKir exciting ««pe of mandc 
<pn ware throughout LK. TW. 
<07341 744026. 

ACGKTS REQUIRED to .sell at¬ 
tractive new product to vanoiB 
ikuii. miming and owur out¬ 
lets. Ring 104821 066569. 





Ptriod and remdaniow Ped¬ 
estal desks. Partners desks. 
Wniinc taMcs. Davenports 
and Desk chairs 
Write far dcfoBs or 
FMoaot Caters 
-JM Desks** DK llK 
2S Chwct Stmefc Laadaa NW* 
TdepboRK 01-723 797ft 

VKUK>y can foonert 6 + 

16 extensions £1.850 ♦ V^- 
CHCCTAH 16k Wlex C1.300 
\AT Phone Mr. PW “ 01 ‘ 
543 0911 




NZ butter cartons (15 x 


per week delivered, 
ideal for pacfdng rub¬ 
bers, plastics, bacon, 
groceries etc. 

Tel: (0272) 607602 


Ss 6997 anvIlmF 

EARLY SUMMEMte e pnrftl 

SaKWSe"’ 021746 

107321 45loaa 

Tri? ^32r*£«SS offW 



NOTICE of completion of 

TT»r AiKfl! nr AcrovnH Q* 
bortueih Waier AiUhon ly lor 

1985 86 has been completed. 
The Audited viaiemeni « 
rounb and the Auditor's Report 
are available lor msomlion by 
any local gnvemmenl elector ui 
the area at. 

Clutvwoffh Road. WOUTH1NG- 

pNil ILD bMwnn ttm Uour> of 
10.00 a.m to I OO p m- and 3.00 
p m. 10 4.00 p.m. on Mondays to 
Fndaw wn wirk ounno the or* 
rtedWlh JUbr 10 22«d August 


Arts' Hector may Rite^* «{» J 

llw Otoortor ofFHianre a* 
dreu shown abo>» 

B R THORPE. Chief EacecWivg. 
gin July 1986. 


Ctwrus- The Easl Gnnslead Rc^ 
MWT/1 Trio* 



KovS wkH. U tfitton SMlY 
irH:271985-A 1 Lll- 

the creditors of the atanp-oamM 
Company are required on or he- 
lore Frtdaj-. the 29th day of 
AMUR. 1986. to send to their 
names and addresses ana paruru- 
lan ol their OeMs or claims to the 
uuurragned IAN PETER PHIL¬ 
LIPS. F.C.A. of Arthur Andersen 
A Co . P O Bov 56. 1 Surrey 
SliceL Loudon WC2R 2NT Die 
Uuuidaior ol the said Company, 
and. if so regufrM dy natkv to 
w riling from ine saw LMukumt 
an* to come In and prove thor 
SOM debts or riawis al such tune 
and place as man be uectfiM in 
sum noure. or in default thmof 
mo win be excluded from ihc 
benefit of onv dKtnttilion made 
Uctorp such debts are proved. 
DATED this B day of July 1086. 



TICE NO. 004873 1986. 

a Petition was oo soui day of 
June 1966 prevented to Her 
Matesty's High Courl of Justice 
for Ine ronfUTtuUon of Ihe rrttur- 
uon ol me Share Premium 
Account of the above-naned 
Company I nun £906.000 to 
£ 6 . 000 . 

EN lhat toe said Pectuen is 
direr led to be heard betor the 
ffonouraWe Mr Jumn> Hoff¬ 
mann at the Royal Coum of 
Justice. SI rand. London WC2A 
2LL on Monday the 28ih day of 
Julv 1986 

ANY rredllor or sharehotoer of 
the saM Company desiring to ap¬ 
pose I hr making of an Order for 

the confirmation of the said re* 
aurtton of Share Premium 
Arrouni should appear a) the 
lime of heartnfl « person of by 
counsel for lhat purpose. 

A ropy ol the saw Prutton wlU be 
rumnhed to any such person re¬ 
quiring f*tnt by the 
undermentioned Sol tn tort on 
paymnii ol tor rrarialed charge 
lor same. 

dated ton isth day of July 


Frerr Chofrnrtey. 2B Lincoln's 
Inn Flews. London WC=A 3HH. 

No. 25 'Pule 58 toil 

doled the 19th day of March 
1986 Mr. Roger Howard Oldfield 
of Peal. Marwick. Mitchell & Go. 
1 Puddle Dork. London EC* has 
wen appofnled Liquidator ol me 
above named Company without a 
CommiUre of hHoertJon. 

Dated the 9th day of July 1986 

TICE No. 006160 Ol 1986 
IN THE MATTER of Inlmiston 
video (Holding*! Public Limited 
of the GompanW v Art 1985 
a Peubon was on 8to July 1986 
presented to Her Maleviys High 
Court of Justice far the rorrflmu¬ 
tton of ill the canredaBon of the 
Share Premium Account of the 
above named Company amount¬ 
ing to £l£Xdk5S6 and (2) the 
[eduction of Us Capital from 
£4.065.000 to £305.127.9061 
EN toot the saw petition K 
directed m be heard before tor 
Honourable Mr Justice Hoffmann 
at toe Royal Courts of Jutuce. 
Strand. London WC2A 2LL on 
Monday 28th day of July 1986. 
ANY Creditor or Sharmoidn- of 
the said Company desiring to op¬ 
pose toe making of an order tor 
the confirmation of (hr saw ran- 
reflation of Share Premium 
Account and reduction of Capital 
should aopear at the lime of toe 
hearing In person or by Counsel 
for lhai purpose. 

A copy of Ihc «»W Pdilton wra be 
furtMItcd to any such person re¬ 
quiring the same by the 
underntraUoncu soHcuon on 
payment of toe mgutotrd charge 
for toe tame. 

Dated to* i Tin day of Joty 1986. 
D J Freeman ft Co 
43 FHler Lane 
London EG4A 1NA 
SoUriiors for the above Domed 
Company __ 

'"OLRT toe i4» May 


332. Brighton poad. South Qov 
don has been apaonUed- 
LiquMalor of the above-named 
company wMtigui a Com ml nee of 

"■^^D-bdUtoJulv 1986. 

and The Companies Art 1986 
pursuant to Seciion 588 Of tor 
Ctmpontrf Ati. ]985inaiaMeei 
mq pi ihe Creditors of ton above 
named Company wui br held al 
IB Drnrtiuryl Cardens, Woodlord 
WrtK Lvsex K» OPA on Friday 
the I8to day Of July. 1986 at 10 
o'clock to the fore noon, lor tor 
purposes mentioned m Sections 
589 and 590 ol toe saw Art. 
Dated tola 7th day of July 1986 
J Conroy 
Dtrenor Secretary 

XJS ME Auto. V reg Maroon with 
hide Uil 56.000 odd. MITs car. 
£9.900 TO 01-660 4374. 







Nm imparts, teamed cradrt 

brokers. Wotraniy ft servicing 

cvnod out by your local dealer 

Dc Riche 
Contracts Ltd 



c.ei iv.c- yeor-d --;sf - 


Uniflnat, as pvt of the United Finance group, am abta 
to offer Buttons ubmb fora Bated period onlyintef- 
nt frM finanoB, a-fl- 

FORD 1B006L @ £7111J1 -f (months) =£29632 
.. Also avaHabte:- 
jy *■ * 3% finance (over 3 years) & Britain's 
-best prices on contract hire. 

Call Paul Hug now on 01-491 2272 


iJfR 1' fitPJ/o i i \ 



E.jinfJi i£iu 

WALSALL (0922) 21212. 

^ ™ AlORIDGE (0922)5403^ 




To tat on shortook) tenancy op to 
2 jus. TasHlufly fully tombed 
bungakM 3 bedims 2 reaction 
rms.Dte Detached garage. Sam 
a M&anxrteiS mamamed g»- 
den of approx t» acre on the 
outslorts ol a pieasanl pcnnsqne 

Grew CUydons East HanangMd 
Ur Btdmshrd Esse* CM3 SAL 



We te* a sioero setectan of per- 
Mwaflv FBoe ct ed titfmshed and 
uifunusaed pnawbes n maqr me 
Resdemai dan« b. ranging tnn 
rise pw to EZDoo p* 


T mk 01-486 8926 

INKHTUMKC. Lux flat 2 
bed. 1 bath, bung dining, kit. 
nru.lV fum Ideal CUM £400 
p w. 01-229 4684 

property avadoMe Personal 
servKe. Ol 455 6086 anytime 

MAYFAIR, W1 Lux S C Hal 2 
Bed mi Loe Recen Fulfy 
eowpped. Shi Uv> W- FM 
£200pw. 01-493 7830 ITi. 

fully loro 2 bed flau 
tounqe diner- fuBy fit kllchcn. 
£22000 bw Trt Ol 328 6845. 

PfMUCO 2 bed ground Boor flat, 
large lounge kiictien mewty lu- 
trt and artrarmety deraraiedL 
su mod com. tv. PJho. 070 
pw. 01-852 8510 01-6300767 

LOOXKta tor toe beu flat, du- 
Piex. home in London? 
SlOO lOQOpw. Call 589 5481. 

lux 11419 houses: £200 £IOOO 
b w Luial fees reo. PNDIPS 
Kav&Lev. n. South of toe Park j 
Chelsea office. Ol 352Sill or 
North or the Park Regent's 
Park Office. Ol 586 9882. 
pan 2 bedroom pauo flat 
Immaculate Dishwasher, mi- ■ 
crowave. washer dryer, eic. 
Long or short lei. Co let pre¬ 
ferred. £215 pw Tel: Ol 352 
1690 or 01 589 8X22. 
CAMDEN TOWN. Studio flat to Id 
in family house Lge bedsit, fc c 
tot. own entrance, use of show¬ 
er mi. CGH. Suue gum nnqir 
person. CSSOpcm tnr. Tel Ol 
486 6921. 

FULHAM - Charming well ore 
sen led ground floor flat with 
garden. Double bedroom, wiling 
room and dining room 
£115OOpw Pleaseletepnane 
04917 261 after 2 ton 
Pliurr supplied for snort or long 
Ids. Large stocks, unmediale 
defnery CaD Mr Michart 
Norbury. John Sir ana Con 
tracts Ltd Tel 01-085 8615 
KENSMCTON W14 Luxury gar 
den Rai in i8Bi r hmse. Wen 
furnished. dMe bedrrti- rerW. 
kit diner, bain C14S pw met 
SuU couple 60S 1150. 
RICHMOND. Lge hot MKted 
hie 4 beds. 2 baths, lge gdn 
i gardener suppimti. Ev ery 
amen 2 mins lube. Co M £300 
pw neg. 788 4448: Finch's. 
Cnarnang 3 Bed maboneue 
with gdn in Si Pauls court. 
C165 pw iik dong Irtk No shar¬ 
ers 675 1896 m ‘ 
AMERICAN Bank urgenuv re¬ 
quires luxury flau and homes 
from £200 ■ £1^00 pw.- Rina 
Burgess Esuie Agents 581 5136 
AMERICAN BANK urgently re¬ 
quires luxury lUIt and houses 
I rum C200 ■ £1.000 pw Rinq 
Burgess Estate Agents »l 5136 
AVAILABLE HOW Luxury fiouft 
houses. Checm. KiugfiWifNfcie- 
Brtvavia C20O-C2-O00PW. 
TH Burgees 581 6136. 
CHELSEAi RedclHIe Gardrn*. 
Large Luxurious Studio FuUv 

Eouamcd Throughout. 
per w*e*. Tel: Ol 363 0489 
DOCKLANDS. Ho uses and W 
Ihroughoul Itie dqlk tarj v aroo 
lo lei Dm Wands Property cert- 
he. 01 -488 4852 
FULHAM- Newly rooOenibcd 
ground llnor flat with Y»' 
drn. 2 double b **-™. «***■ 
£160 pw Tel- Ol 385 10*9. 
KENSMCTON LldS pw Exert 
■ml mnous fulfy furnished 
garden «a! 2 hearoaros. Suit 2 
prisons. 0160S 9466. 


fmmaguunve. beauiilul reno- 
va»m> on 170 W DM live. 4 
Mornr. mge A minstrel gaHery 
Library alcove. 3 bed ft study. 2 
bam. mod ml roof gdn. paho 
odn QCH sal nr anugue sen- 
ire 9 Tube station £l7Spw. 
Wauoru 20618 . aucr 3pm. 


CHELSEA- Well shed restau¬ 
rants. tale night shopping 
Furnished studio and I bed flats 
from £160 pw. Min l month. 
Letting Office. Nek Gwynn 
House. Stoane Av. London 
SW3: 01 684 8517: telex: 
916368 NGH UJN. 

SUPERB IMAVIOH overlooking 
Thames and HamMnn Court- 2 
Mins Railway Station and 
shoot. A 1st Fir well equipped 2 
dMe bedroom flat, lounge, 
fctlrhen. oathrm. eft street nark¬ 
ing 2 cars. £540 pan. Tel Ol 
979 1792 

■OOBFOH0 8REZX. 3 brO hse. 
lor lounge, b Iasi rm. gdn- fur¬ 
nished. rk to 41 amemues. 
£180 pw. <0908) £05685 eve 

Kst i Quraishi 
y=r t Constantine 

For the best 
rental sslactioii of 


in prime London areas 
270E*rh Court Head. SWS 

01-244 7353 

CHELSEA Kmonisbredoe Betqra 
via. Pimlico. Westminster 
Luxury houses and fun avail¬ 
able for long or short Hi 
Please ring for current Ini. 
Codes. 69 Buckingham Palace 
Rd SWl. 01-828 8251. 

3AFHAM COMMON Krwlv lur 
mshed 2 bed rial, used garden. 
Meal ior a family with child, 
serviced. 6 monlhs renew able 
Cl 70 per weeS. Co lei. Trt Ol 
SCto 8828 - alter 600 pm 

KEMSINSTPN Luxury gardrn Kri 
tastefully furnished, very weU 
rouipped. large recepuen. 1 
Ooume bedroom, oasc rv. Colei 
Preferred. £!50ow Tel. Halo’ 
un <0438) 367891 

2 double beds, luxury kitchen 
and bath, studio room i> in 
race Company Long Lei £575 
pw No Agenis Tel Ol 262 
2976 Of 01 584 2827 

UflCHTSBJHDCE. Luxury mews 
Iwow. 2 dWe beds, long short 
lets Iron E395 pw. SB4 7350. 

MAYFAIR small furnish rd house 
4 rooms ♦ kitchen ana bath¬ 
room £400 weekly 236 4864. 

fully lurnnhed flat. £300pw 
London & Plnv Ol 930 0833 

Kensington Fully serviced flat 
tor 2,Lilt Phone Col TV CH 
rtC. 01 786 4281 584 2414. 

ISIS We have a large selection of 
luxury bedroom Hals 
with maid service. Inienor de¬ 
signed and reidraUy located 
Angela to illiams Ol ?5R te59 

KINGSTON MU. Lae lux 5 bed 2 
bath hve. Beautiful odn iparden- 
er supplied'. 2 mins A3. Co lei. 
£500 pw. 788 4448- Finch's 

MARIA VALE W9.0 R in mixed 
Hal. L nlurn or pari ElWtocm 
F toad N S 25* Prel I uteres] 
rlavstral music. Ol 289 1605 


most luxurious tong short lei 
apis, iwk Iff 1 8 bedrooms. 
W.T P. 01 935 9512. 

HUIIIHC MU. DATE. Ligfil l« 
fir hale Hot with lili 2 bed. 
Avail now lO 12 month let. 
£140 pw Tel: 01 727 3501. 

SHORT LET. Preflv mew*, house 
adi Holland Park Avendr. 3 
beds. 2 balltv. oarage Avail 
21st. £700 pw. 935 2781 'Ti 

9379681 The number to remem 
OCT when seeking DM rental 
proper!lev m rpnira) and prune 
London areas £ 150 / £2.000 dw. 

CHELSEA Light nre balcony not. 

DWr bed. rerep. nils, porters 

Cl 95 pw. Long let- 622-5825 

bedim rouage of tunenor Otiak 
ly C300 pw 240 7988 IT' 

FULHAM bedsli. top Dr. family 
Mr. share Mlh kii with i out¬ 
er C55pw inrl. Ol 731 6557 

HAM3TCAD Pretty 2 room rol- 
iagr with gallton. Kitchen, 
bathroom W M. Tel: 4655769 

M6HAMS PARK. Eft I bed lux 

garden llal IS nuns L'pool si 
£300 orm. 01-536 1536 eves 

one bed. Igr ree +■ brand new 
Idl. £179 pw 1 |K 01 938 2395. 

KENSW8P B lux new dec (urn. 
Ref DON- Bdrtn. Seu KftB 
ClSSpw toe 221 8557 m 

SW10 Newly decorated studio 
flat C H. suit professional per¬ 
son £85 pw. Trt 01352 0806 

MR. 3 mins Myth* Park 3 bed 2 
both mats, dble rec. kit rent 
(ere C376 pw 727 9703 iTI 

Mil High lech style. 2 bedroom 
niais in prrtly news, roof hT 
rare £300 pw 340 7909 in 

Contort Nctiaid or MicL DavH 
Woolf e ft CO 402 7381 

.LARGE luxury 

Fum flat. Wt. Avwawe im> 
- mediately. 5 mrs from US 
Embassy. 3 Bads. 2 Fteceps, 
Kitchen S 2 Baths. Gas 
CH/CHW. All appliances. 

Teh 61-629 6102 

F.WASAFP iMaiuaemenl Vr 
vires, nd r-Hjuirc properties in 
central *oulh and wevi London 
arise, m wailing applicant 01 
221 8838 

laiwd Old Fl ILil 2 dble brd, 
•m rrlnal mg gdns EJeganl 
Recen. ka.4 BJ!h-. C375pw 
-tvleslord A Co 15) 2383 

KMWHTSBRfDCE Short to) ran 
tuvlx < .Tluc- Supero • aen teed 
Dal Hnihesi calibre > Bed. 
Rerep KftB C350p» 
AvImlOTd & Co Ol 331 Z3BJ 

WANTED. I rqmllv ream red nire 
5 hedrm tisr or lge in prel 
toll toBorcneeej Owlet 1 yr 
- PUSH- rail Ol 231 0-5KS2 or 
01 443 Ul«a 

DULWICH Lmolv J beg Edward) 
an umily house wflh gd» C lew 
v illaQe and Lena tel. 
£1UC> pv* Tel.OL To1 0444 


Tn advents? jnur car in ihe Times Classified, fill m 
your adseniwmeni in the space below. (Longer mesaan. 
Gin he aiiached separately I. 

Rales are: per line lappmxinuiely four words, 
minimum three lines) £2.V(K) pier s.c.e. full display Plus 
15-.. VAT. 

Cheques lo he made payable hi Times Ne*spapeft Lid. 
Should you wish 10 pay hy Accessor BarcLiycurd. please 
quote your number hebmi 

Scad lo Slriricy Margofo. Group Classified Advertise, 
ment ManasetTimes Newspapen Lid. Adverixscmem 
Departmem, P.o. Boi 4M, Vira'mb Sireel, London 




Daytime "fclephone: 

l Access)., 



liTix* i. lluI^O a lUt/rt X JuLi iy 


AD classified advemsemems 
can be accepted by telephone 
(except Announcements) The 
deadline is 5.00pm 2. days poor 
i to puMiauon lie SJOQpm Mon¬ 
day for Wednesday! Should 
you wish lo send on advertise¬ 
ment in wming please include 
yoor daytime phone number. 
PARIHEMT. If you have any 
queries or problems relating to 
your advertisement on tl has 
appeared, please contact our 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone on 01-4B1 4100. 


A LEGACY ta NCtt incsans a better 
(uturo for IIM» Counlrm CPU 
dren. Tor our children are in 
danger From Drug addiction, 
•woken lanulm. poor educa¬ 
tion. AICQtKttUII. 

unemptoymetit A braursl Inom 
wu can help ICH do more to 
light Ihme problems. Ptoase 
roiMdcr us in your will Write 
few a legacy loo VI set) uni 
Touypondy. National Childrens 
Home. Room 226. 8E- Highbury 
Park. London NS IL'D 
PLEASC HELP The National Be 
ursolenl Fun d tor Hie Aged lo 
UroSHtn -TENS' machines fur 
the relief el pain in conditions 
like arthritis £60 Buv* a mj 
chine Donations nbvne lo The 
1 iscount Tempandy. Chair 
man NBFA.3S. New Broad St.. 
London EC2M INH 
Ri KMCHTSBRRMaC we has e 
mosl elegant premises. avallaMe 
tor Rereptloris. -Dinner A Cock 
tall parlies 375 9128 
03 978 I3S7“ 


J- Another sear oonc Perhaps 
clove lo our dreanes. Hagpy 
BullKlav Love H 


FRIENDSHIP, Love or klarruge 
All noes. areor, Dateline. Dew 
iQlei 21 Abutgdon Road. Lon 
lion Wfl Tel Ol 93d 1011 
BREAKAWAY. London's club foe 
proh-v-ioiul imanaiched people 
2T-43 Over 200 events month 
Iv 24 hr info tape. 997 7994 
HEART ta HEART. Today*, way 
nr merlinp Contutenlial inlro- 
divTMns Ihrnughout LK lor 
Companionship. Trli-iidship. 
kViiriaor Heart to Heart. 32 
louden Ro. Twickenham. 
Middv Ol 892 2051 
CALIBRE CV*3 LU1 prcfmsmnal 
ruriwulurn vllae - documents 
Details Ol 571 3388 
COMPANY GOLF Days organised 
for Mall or customers Auy la 
r JIK1I1 Tel 0734 872722 


Qualified Sotinlors £160 + 
VAT 3 Standard Disburse 
ntenLs Ring 0244 319398 


rlkiser nrgmlly requires twirls 
lor anv one or ihe lot lowing 
dales. lull i9th 2CHh. Juli 
Soiii 27Ui. auuusi 3rd .or Au 
gust am 10th Please reply 
Bov l~S? 

M i hairs large minors hook 
rase-, desks 4 hurra us 01 386 
0148 228 27le. day night 

SLYNDEBOUMME Tickets urgent 
ly read Any dale Giovanni. 
TO Brown 0273 736(130 



primimi iweyv plus hundreds oi 
wood Mock letters (or sale 
t-S OOO Rrpty to BOS B85 

BRUNO FIGHT -> s LI SO nmrade 
sesiis av iillanle a rh-Uire not to 
la* missed Tel 01 “77 2497 
• dal si oi 01 720 7927 levesi 

FINEST uualilv wool rarurls At 
li.Mle inwes and under also 
,ii ,nl.title ioo‘» i-stra. Law 
ii-an si/e imutants under hair 
inn in ire ounren Carpels. 
01 406 CM53 

THE TIMES 1795-19B5. Outer 
Idles ,1V .III Hand hound ready 
■in nrrsenl.lllOU aho 

• suildavs" Cl 2 50 Remember 
When 01 a88 0525 


NUrtlolil F_\p. Chew. Lft Mis 
AU and sports 
Tel 871 061b 828 0495 
•\ l V Visa Diners 
BIRTHDAY DUE 1 Give someone 
all arigm.ll Times Newspaper 
tilled Ihe very Oaf they were 
horn CI2 SO 0492 31303 
melre Salt rn make for gunk 
sale Ll OOO oiio Tel 01 724. 
7888 icdltcr hoursi 
SEATF1NDERS Any eveni me Lrs 
Alls. Cot nil Cdn SifarlKpii Esp. 
Glv nilrimunir 01 878 1678 
Miior creriil cards 
v s ten iiofs amt all tnealrrs. 01 
701 *ejR3 

rls.iv.iil.ilile Rnigsidr sratn Tel . 
01 »58 

CATS, CHESS, 11-* Mf All Itte 
■die and sperl Trl oSl 3719 
bV7 1715 All major rredil 
COWBOYS. Aug 3 best seals 
oHiis.- Ol 2H3 5272 ev 210 

Far arli Sale. Gtovveuqr Set ware 
01 49| 370b 



Disc Jockey has massive 
coflection of Singles 8 IP'S 
from 1966-73 m Norfolk 
home, would benefit either 
local radio / letev&on station 
or avid rnttedor 

Reply to BOX C 79 . 



9l 30 ant. Superb products at 
magnificent pnoes. 

304 Fulham Rd. SW10. 




W0o< mof Berbers horn £3 95 per 
so vd + VAT 80% Wool Heavy 
Domestic Wilton EUBSperso 
yd + VAT £ nuny Other (yeat 

148 Wandsworth Bridge Rd. 

Parson Greet). SWS. 

Tel: 01-731 3368/9 

Free estimates - Expert Hang. 


' Give Direct 
O To Cancer 

Flwniiev animals, rtc.. want- 
rd OL 883 0024. 


Codec lee In England fnlercstea 
lo purr haw Australian pam]. 
man for rash Most interested in 
the following a mils ; Fred wu- 
Hants. Arthur Boyd. Sail 
Herman. Sidney Noun, Lloyd 
Rees. Dobed and Drysdale fn- 
leresled Sellers Please Conlaei 
Mr famn Ersklnr. Eversfey 
•0734) 732136 



FUND; Da tinman upright with 
stool Lwdtori csMiuoi. 

Maghmtey. Hardly taunted- 
One owner, only 6 years eto. 
L95OO0 nno. Tel. Wevbridge 
<0932■ 66e84. 


ally nrw -princess 412 a\ 

Immarulaldv kepi by resident 

owner since delivery in Sept 
1985 Manufacturers Warran 
b Ldlcsf Volto engines and 
specifica(jon 50 hours use Top 
quallly eguipmenl 3 extras. 
Owner laVtna detlverv ol new 
sail hoal heiKO £76.000 ■** elud¬ 
ing! AT Tet- lan Driver >05901 
682320 or iOU3bf 242974 


•elar rovers and boil cotlrrs 
0494 774060 


HIGMCATE Comfnrtable 2 double 
he.I l.vimly rial Rermlion room 
overlooking laig. garden, well 
rquipo»o kit. all «.•memcncc* 
Pleasant neighbourhood nr 
lube August. £200 00 per 
week Tel Of 348 6475 

equipped lamily house Garden 
iixmvMni- Sleeps 6 6 2 

Isalhs Available July 22nd lo 
August 19|h £175 pw Trl. Ol 
482 0b59 

•slorv Period House, sleeps 6 8 
romfonahlv. all mod Cons 
Avail Aug 2 m lo 301 h me 
LJSO pw or negotiable Refer 
ri ires essential 01 727 1984 

NOLI DAY LETS. From £200 pw 
lo £3.000 PW Tel. 01 456 6086 
.anvnme 1 T 1 


nans View bv o r. all 
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. ii' m v m m jfr 



r f ) ul r 

. . ByClifiTTemple 

Even with a talented gather- Barcelona on Wednesday^ 
mg which includes the Olympic where she finished only fourta - 
400 metres hurdles champion, over 800 metres in a slow 2mkC“ 
Ed Moses (unbeaten sines 07.04sec, was surely *e result of ^ 
1977), and the world's current the pressure .this normally-?; 
No. I 100 metres runner, Ben consistent athlete has been us-"'; 
Johnson, of ranaHa, the two- der. Tomorrow she faces 
day Pearl Assurance invitation Commonwealth 800 metres 
meeting which begins aiAicxan-. champion, Kirsty Wade (forr 
der Sudium, Birmingham, to- maliy Miss McDermott) over 
night will inevitably centre 1.000 metres, but-just seven 
around the performances of two days in the life of an athlete cart 
members of tbc British -elite, alter circumstances: drastically. 


YVZ iffi”? 1 ?!! have withdrawn fiom the Pearl 

der. Tomorrow she faces-- / 
Commonwealth 800 metres:-: - 
champion, Kirsty Wade (foi^?. 
mally Miss McDermott) over,-- 
1.000 metres, but-just seven' - 
days in the life of an athlete cafr. r 
alter circumstances; drastically.; £ . 

The AAA's yesterday issuedaJs 
statement running that ath- - . 
letes from Zimbabwe should/.' 

Miss lf udd-s pregnee . «■ 

is a l.UUU metres event on ; 

tonight's programme too, but 21 tbe ^ An£cJcs - ' 

Cnm » mnteliMv *« mmt Frtr OlyHlpiCS. . •• • 

Cram is more likely to settle for 
another 800 metres tomorrow. But what most irritated of*..' 
having already run the world's, fidals was that the four Zipir* ; 
fastest.time this year..1:43.62. in.: babwe sprinters had not- been - 
Nice on Tuesday. Tomorrow's - invited by them to compete, but ■ 
field;- which - includes Sammy just happened to be m Bir- / 
Koskei. of Kenya, wtlo -“Would - ramgham anyway and rtsketf-if: ■ 
have been a challenger ;for a . they could run. Aner permission 7 
Commonwealth Games medal, was granted, efaim officials, they - 
wHl ensure he still has to stretch then withdrew in protestat Miss,- 
hisl^s. Budd’s participation in the.'. 

BudtTs lack-lustre .tun in.: meeting. .; ■ 


Roxburgh is aiming to 
give style to Scotland 


The appointment , of Andy the World Cup. Scotland meet 
Roxburgh as Scotland- team Bulgaria in September in the 
manager has not received - opening game of the European 
universal acclaim, but it has. Championship another tour- 
been hailed with relief by alt naraent in .which the-country's 
who believe the country can record is abysmal, 
regain international lustre only ' Roxbuigh points out th a t 
by a return to traditional styles. - while he puts priority on Scot- 


There are some professionals . land winning he wants to see his 
who see his installation, as the team play in a way that excites 
director of coaching as an him. This is his football gospel: 
establishment move, and are “I dorfUike the word coaching, 
still adamant that only one of I prefer to say that I educate or- 
their hard-nosed corps could teach footballers- Our job is not 
bring to the job what they see as to turn youngsters into robots, 
the .right qualities of but to encourage them to bo>- 
organisatiou, stamina and come playerawho want, like me,'- 
determination. to play in an open, entertaining 

But the feeling has been way. It is a liberty to say that 
growing among supporters since coaching makes for reghnenta- 
the latest sorrowful and some- lion and dull negative football, 
what shabby exit from the' Our-task is to improve their 
World Cup that Scotland can skills.** 

regain pride only by fashioning a Of his ability to become a 
team which, while unlikely to success at his new job, he says: 
beat the workfs best, will nn- “All I can say is that I have been 

nrp cc with terhniral d-illc in. MlnmiAil k.. «L. L_< ,_« _ 

. — -wv—n —■ Ugwuii 4U1U iiidliy for¬ 

give the articulate, personable eign coaches." 
and often passionate Roxbur^i It would seem that his am . 
the dubious privilege of making bhion is to provide Scotland 
Scotland a force in global foot- with a team of the french style 
ball may be inspired. Indeed, Roxburgh says he has 

ball may be inspired. Indeed, Roxburgh says he has 

As the former school teacher learned much' com France's 
was never anything more than a Michel Hidalgo, 
fair Player with. Partick Thistle And perhaps there's hope for 
and Clydebank among other less Scotland for a new Dalglish to 
glamorous clubs, criticism has emerge so that be can emulat* 
been levelled that Roxburgh has France’s planning. He save 
not the experience or stature to “Why bave France produced s» 
control the highly raid inter- many great players and teams>r 
nationals of today. What- has. have been told: ‘Platini is from 
been forgotten is that most of heaven but the others are nrod- 
ihe players he wHl be in charge ucts of a system design «1 



ethriS ®*b 
backC, Hutchins looks 
^ to future and 
§ SSS& chooses Castle 




Weights favour Cyrano De Bergerac 

7 ' - ,.ra| \ 


v ■ >. • & •£ 

for singles 

®y Hex BeUamy,Tennis Correspondent 
Anchew Castle, from Taun- experien’ce of Briti 

v :j - 



ion," who is in his first year as a 
professional, will play singles 
for Britain against Australia in 
their Davis Cup quarter-finals 
at Wimbledon from today 
until-’ Sunday. . Castle and 
letemy Bates, who made his 
DaviS Cup debut 13 months 
ago* have been preferred to 
John; Lloyd, who will be 32 
next rhomb and is to retire at 
the end of the year.' 

Ueyd- has been playing 
Davis Cup tennis since 1974 
and his total of 52 matches, 36 
singles and 16 doubles, has 
beep 'surpassed by only three 

experien’ce of British Davjs 
Cup ties was via television. 
Castle and Bates must shoul¬ 
der the main burden for 
Bniam in the immediate 

Australia's singles players 
will be Cash and the shrewd, 
experienced Paul McNamec, 
one of the two playere (Henri 
Leconte was the other! to take 
a set from Boris Becker at 
Wimbledon. Australia must 
be slightly favoured in all five 
matches. Should those expec¬ 
tations be confirmed it would 
be awfully disappointing for 
Sunday's spectators, who 

British players: Mike Sangsier. would have only two “dead" 
(65), Bobby Wilson (62), and matches to watch. 

Tony Mottram (56). Lloyd 
and Colin Dowdeswell have 
wop’all their five Davis Cup 
doubles but cannot reasonably 
be- expected to extend that 


! Jf a J ignore 
mchal lena 

* W -r^ |i 

;• • 

■ .' V; 35* 

: Cl! hy' 


- V *- 


‘ * 
*: v-.. 

British names first 

TODAY-(noon)-, j Bates v P Cash; A 

Caste v P McWamee. 

TOMORROW (20): J Lloyd and C 
Dowdeswsfl v Cash and J 

SUNDAY (noon): Castle v Cash; 
Bates v McNamsa. 

sequence at the expense of the 
1985 Wimbledon runners-up, 
Pat Cash and John Fitzgerald. 

There was no convincing 
evidence that in the twilight of 
his career Lloyd would be a 
better investment than Bates 
or Castle in the singles. Conse¬ 
quently the British captain, 
Paul Hutchins, was justified in 
.looking to the future and 
- announcing what may superfi¬ 
cially be regarded as a contro¬ 
versial decision. 

Bates, aged 24, has won six 
of his seven Davis Cup singles 
and lasted five sets in his only 
defeat. Castle, aged 22, was 
neither a memory nor a 
promise when he returned to 
England this year after more 
than four maturing years in 
the* ..United States. But he 
swiftly made a modest name 
for himself as a tough and 
accomplished competitor, no¬ 
tably . when taking Mats 
Wflander to five sets at 

- v Wilander was beaten in the 

Oddly, Sunday was the first 
day to be sold out. There are 
hardly any seats left for any 
day, so (ate customers must 
make do with standing room. 

One always feds rather 
ambivalent about the prospect 
of losing to Australians, be¬ 
cause they are such fine 
sportsmen and such good 
company. On the other hand 
patriotism kindles a harmless 
fire within most people on 
occasions such as this — a 
world team championship. 
Britain must hope that the fire 
burns particularly brightly in 
the tie's only unknown quanti¬ 
ty: Castle. 

This will be the first Davis 
Cup tie played at Wimbledon 
since Italy beat Britain in 
1976. It will also be Britain's 
eighth consecutive home tie 
since Australia beat them at 
Adelaide in 1983. These two 
nations have played three 
previous ties at Wimbledon. 
Australasia (Australia and 
New Zealand combined) won 
in' 1907 but Britain' beat 
exclusively Australian teams 
in 1933 and 1936. Britain have 
won three of their five ties 
with all-Australian teams. 

The most relevant facts 
concern the respective 
achievements in the 14 Davis 
Cup competitions sinoe the 
challenge round was abol¬ 
ished. In that period Australia 
have won the trophy three 
times and have only once been 
slopped before the semi-finals. 
Britain were nmners-up it 
1978, having beaten Australia, 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Grey Desire. Gwydion and 
Cyrano De Bergerac, second, 
third and fifth respectively in 
ihe July Cup at Newmarket 
eight days ago. make a swift 
return to action in the 
Hackwood Stakes at Newbury 
this afternoon. 

The conditions of today's 
contest favour Cyrano De Ber¬ 
gerac and he is my nap. Less 
than three lengths covered that 
small but select field as they 
passed the winning post at 
Newmarket so it will not take 

much to alter the ptacings this 

A stronger gallop early on 
would probably be in my nap's 
favour but. more to-the point. 
Cyrano De Bergerac will be 
meeting the other two on 71b 
better terms and that in itself 
should be sufficient to lift the 
scales his way. He win also be 
meeting Bridesmaid on 31b bet¬ 
ter, terms than when he finished 
three lengths in front of her in 
the Cork and Orrery Stakes at 
Royal Ascot. 

The presence of Polykraiis, 
Breadcrumb. Imperial Jade and 
Governor General in today's 
i field increases the interest. 

, Polykraiis was the shock winner 
of a similar race over five 
furlongs at Sandown earlier this 
I month but had earlier finished 
4fc lengths behind Gwydion in 
| the King's Stand Stakes at Royal 
I Ascot So he has a bit to find. 

Breadcrumb won this race 12 
| months ago. This season her two 
races have been over seven 
furlongs so she may well do 
better now that she reverts to 

The distance of today's race 
should .also suit Imperial Jade 
better than the five over which 
she was just beaten at York a 
week ago. On that occasion, 
partnered by Pat Eddery, she did 
not appear on the scene until the 
race was virtually over. Now 
Eddery is aboard Cyrano De 

- *■i v ■ v'»V . • ••'"*« :■ '♦» - 

■■ ■ r ■ ■ i j 

-V -«?V v . \ 

■ ' '.WV-'V;r*< 

Cyrano De Bergerac (right), seen here finishing a close fifth in Newmarket's July Cap, has a fine chance of gaining bis first 
victory’ of the season in this afternoon's Hackwood Stakes at Newbury where he has the conditions of the race in his favour 

Governor General was an 
emphatic winner of a similar 
race over today's course and 
distance in May. Not long 
afterwards he could only dead- 

heat for the William Hill Tro¬ 
phy at York where he looked 
Icnicmly-trcated. even with a 
penally. So 1 doubt his ability to 
give 31b to Cyrano De Bergerac. 

Eddery can also win the EBF 
Ecchinswell Maiden Stakes on 
Bellotto. Reputed to be Jeremy 
Tree's best two-year-old coll at 
present Bellotto has been de¬ 
clared for races at Salisbury and 
Newmarket but withdrawn at 
the eleventh hour each time. 

A $700,000 purchase as a 
yearling, he is by Mr Prospector, 
who is basically a fast influence 
even though Bdlono's owner. 

Kbaled Abdulla, and trainer. 
Jeremy Tree, have done well 
with the middle distance colL 
Damisjcr. by the same stallion. 

Eddery rides Apply for the 
same connections in the Allied 
Dunbar Handicap. The winner 
of her only race at Lingfield, 
where she accounted for last 
Saturday's Chester winner. 
Myth, Apply should go well 
again but faces a formidable 
rival in Kathy W, who made a 
deep impression when winning 
her most recent race at 

Today's programme on the 

Newbury where he has the cow 

Berkshire course should begin 
with another winner for Alec 
Stewart and Michael Roberts in 
the form Of Alec's Dream, who 
finished third to Nino Bibbia 
and Vianora on his debut at 
Sandown in May. That is pretty 
smart form and good enough, in 
mv hook, to land the Aldbouroe 
Maiden Stakes. 

Peter Makin, the Ogbournc 
Maisey trainer, has done well 
this season when sending his 
much-improved filly. Whirling 
Words, on raids north of the 
Trent. Following an encourag¬ 
ing second at Rtpon, the Spar- 


Going: good to firm 
Draw: no advantage 

2 JO ALDBOURNE MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £3.853: Tm) (12 runners) 

101 3 ALECS DREMI (Maktoum At Maktoun) A Stewart 9-0_M Roberts 2 

303 AWMMTEp VannsOG Harwood <M3-GSw**y4 

105 DOCKStaGR (A VUatlA Stewart 9-0_MBamarS 

107 3> KAIYHAN (HH Ana Khan) M StOute 9-0_WRSwWwroTI 

108 LEE’S tXJtiaWtONW K*st8tt) J Dunlop (W_8 Route 9 

109 041 LOCAL SI.VER (USA) (SMUOi Mohammed) w Hem S-0_WCmoeG 

112 00410 PRQMENAOER (Mrs R KemanO P Watayn 9-0_Paul Eddery 7 

1M TOWNSHIP (Mrs J McOouoaMl l Baidra BO_PCookl 

130 HACKWOOD STAKES (£8.207: 6f) (11) 

401 241202 GREY DESKE ID)fM Bmwil M Bntam 6-9-7-WRSwMumS 

402 0430031 PCLYKRATtS (O) W Perancos) M E Pranas 4.M-CRutlerJ 

403 001D-00 BREADCRUMBJC43J/THotenWlaimjHCand*4^0 - WNbmwiG 

404 0304143 DURHAM PLACE (Mrs N Myers) K Brassey 4-94)-G Barter 9 

406 0-30213 IMPERIAL JAQE (DJJBF) (S Kaplan) A Jams. 4-B-11-- J Lowe 2 

407 11-433 GWTWON(USA|ISN^cftOSlHCeo/3*9---SCMbM3 

408 001-011 GOVERNOR GENERAL|C D) (R Benares) L CaSreU 3^8 — RCodrene>7 

409 001233 BRtOESMAJD (B) (D) (H Sangsier j B His 3-8-5-BTboratonlO 

410 2111-20 CYRANO OE BBtGERAC (CKO) vJ PeareeJ W Hasangt-Batt 3-frS 


411 024P4H DREAM CHASERfl»(T Johwey)P Cole 3-8-5-i-.TQdiBB lI 

414 32IM00 MEASURING(D)(GStraMfcndge)I Baktmg38-5-PCoekl 

5-2 Cyrano De Bergerac. 3-1 Bnoeemaid. 7-2 Gray Dean. 5-1 Gwydton, B-1 
Governor General, 12-1 Dream Chaser. 14-1 others. 

kler filly lived upto’her breeding • 
when she won her next race at 
Beverley and then struck again 
at Doncaster. 

Now, once more in the hands 
of Steve Perks, who has ridden 
her on each occasion, l think 
that she can prove just too good 
for Signore Odone in the Jimmy 
Fitzgerald Handicap at Thirsk, 
where all the races are named 
after local trainers. 

Peter Easierby has a sound 
chance of taking the race in his 
name with Roper Row, who 
looked on the upgrade when 
winning at Beverley recently. 

Kempton results 

Going firm 

24(61] 1. DUMWIALD (Pot Eddery, 5- 
Ik 2. Lucky Sum (G Baxter, 5-1 (ay): 3. 
C&mue (G Starkey. &-11 ALSO RAN: 8 

Balding has 

lan Bolding, who completed a • 
notable two-year-old double at 
Newmarket last week with 
Chasing Moonbeams and Forest 
Flower, repeated the feat at 
Kempton Park yesterday with 
Dunn maid and Morewoods. 
The Kingsclere trainer h» now 
won 13 races with 10 individual 

Despite drifting from 3-1 to 6- 
I. Dunninald, a daughter of Mil! 
Reef, beat a big field in the 
Larch Maiden Fillies Stakes. A 
full sister to the useful River 
Spey, Dunninald did not look 
like a filly who was seeing a 
racecourse for the first time. 

Pat Eddery had her quickly 
away from the stalls and she 
showed excellent speed in the 
first furlong to overcome the 
worst draw. Dunninald was 
quickly matching strides with 
Lucky Stone and Musical Rhap¬ 
sody. gradually asserting herself 
in the last quarter mile to beat 
Lucky Stone, the favourite, by 

Ihree-quaners of a length. 

Balding has no illusions about 
Dunninald. commenting: "She 
was probably a bit fitter than 
some of those behind, and might 
not btai the second if they met 
again." Guy Harwood's new¬ 
comer. Connue. also easy in 
belling, was a close third after 
having every chance. 

Balding and Eddery com¬ 
pleted their double an hour later 
when Morewoods, a well- 
backed favourite at 7-4 on, 
proved too good for last 
Saturday's Lingfield winner, 
Quick Snap, in the EBF Willow 

Eddery was aboard another 
favourite. Perfect Timing, in the 
Prix Hippodrome d'Eviy but 
the combination were beaten a 
head by Powder Blue, who had 
finished behind the favourite in 
the Wokingham Stakes 

Richard Quinn, who rode 
Powder Blue, had earlier initi¬ 
ated a 24-1 double when Block¬ 
ade galloped on too strongly for 
the odds-on favourite, Fedra. in 
the Oak Handicap. 


121 8488 KICK THE 

122 041 LUMERE 

127 0-334 STICKY 

Pat Eddery 12 

Mss Ru»way /4| t>\ 13-2 Spy GW. 8 
Copper Creek (Stfi). 10 Lisa fficoto. 12 
Najaba, Lady's Mantle. 14-1 Try Dancer. 
25 Auntie Cyctone. Out On A fljwr <5thL 33 
Hans Lane. Lady westga sn. Musical 
Rhapsody. 15 m. Deep Raptures. 
NonhshwktS, KL Ml. 2U 2KL 1KL I 
Balding at Kvnsdeie. Tots: E4.40; £2.00. 
El JO. £230. DF; £21.40. CSF: £3633. 
1mm 14.74MC. 

2-1 Alec's Dream. 7-2 Local Silver. 9-2 Kaiyran. 11-2 Sticky Greene. 6-1 Lumlere, 
10-1 Aucftinate. 12-1 others. 

FORM: GREY DESIRE (9-6) 341 July Cw 2nd to Green Desert J8-I1) in a stow run race, 
with GWYDION (8-8) k l away 3rd and CYRANO DE BERGERACW-H) Vi back last at 5 
(61 Groip 1. £39208, good nfam, July 10|. CYRANO DEBSWERAC was earlwlMJa 
short he M Ascot andwSperry MWi BRDESMA0 (7-11)31 away 3rd (8 Group 3. 
£lB9S0.f»m. June 19,10 ran). POLYKRATtS (9-0) finished fast toheat Tarts lB-8) a head 
at Sandown (51 Listed. £11745. good to firm. July 5. lOranj. GOVERNOR GE7ERAL (8- 

345 (1m 21) 1. ALBERT HALL (M H»S. 
94); 2. Sating BuB (5 CauPwn. 7-4 lav): 9. 
AytaafieM (R Guest. 7-1). ALSO RAN: 
100-30 Sams Wood (Sth). 10 Moonstruck 
(4th). 5 ran. r*. «l, kt. sh hd. 8 HRs of 
lamboum. Totr E4.10: £1 JO. £1.10. DF: 
£2.70. CSF: £&37. 

4.75 pm) 1. WAAJS (M Roberts. 4-11 
lav)-. 2. Donor (i Jormson. 50-t):3. Norwol 
(N Howe. 50-rj. ALSO RAN: 7 Sweat 
beflah (4th). 10 Maiadatofc 14 Mr Adviser 
(5thL 20 Harbour Bazaar, 25 Rebecca's 
PeL 8 ran. NR: Ranya's Pet. 51. II. 1KI. 71, 
1KI. A Stewart at Newmarket. Tote: £1.60; 
£1.ta £4J0. £4.40. DF: £21.80. CSF; 
£17.46. Harbour Bazaar finened nurd, 
after a stewards inquiry was dsquattfiHj 
and placed lost 

10-1 nuenrate. k-i oniers. , ^ ^ at Sandown (51 LsHKl.Eli74S.good to firm. July 5.10 ranj. GOVERNOR GENERAL (B- 

FORM: ALECS DREAM (0-11) 3rd beaten 3K1 by Nlno_BlfaO w (9-4) at Sandown (tm. 12 ) aaad-heateflai York SewHign (7-7). EanieriM) beat NATIVE OAK fB-9)5i over 

£2583. good. May 15.10 ran). KAIYRAN KW) 213rd Of 17 to PastotofW)) at LetosMir ^ ^ UEASUHMG (8-0) 8th of 13 (E4971. good to sort. May 18). 

171. £1843. firm .Oq 22 ). LOCAL SILVER (9-0) ran on wtfMMn 3%l|tt »Ma^wd(9- DREAM CHASER (9-2) 2L Leicester scorer from Flyaway Bnde (£2)tBt. £4286, good to 
at York (1m, £8792. good to farm. Jiaie 14,12ran). KICK THE HABIT last or 6 (8-5) to 

dbika (Mi latest sta/tln 1985 (8-6) 4kl 5tti to Dancmq Brave (9-2) at Newmarket (1 m. 
E3844.good.NovT. 11 ran)ST1CKrGREENE(8-11)6l4tfioi 12toiumuma»lB-U)M 
York (im, £8792.good to farm, June 14). 


Z30 EBF ECCH1NSWELL MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-Ch £4.081: 61) (24) 

202 0 AFRICAN SAFARI (lord CarrtcklP Cundefl 90-ACtartt 2 

204 BELLOTTO (USA) (K Abdula) JTrae 9-0-i-Pw Eddery 7 

207 atSCHERO7 UaSrwoi P Sirgoyne -1-C Rotter(5) 12 

206 0 CHESTERT&WACEILSteneflPWNwn90-NHowel 

212 HAWAIANCATflJSA) (W Yourw) I Bawig9-0-SCaulbwM 

213 D JOCKS BROTHBt (Lord McAtant) R Smjrtti 9-0 - S Whfaworfli 21 

214 WNOS VICTORY (DHasmat^MUstwrM-M WighwnB 

215 LBRANSrAR/GTep)HCandy9*---WNewnesIB 

216 MAC&BEARER (Mrs J Cmrford) J Holt 9-0-PWakfawi17 

217 0 MADNESS NOT TO (A MuriMFetherstoivGodtey 9-0-RHRS20 

218 MANAFEL (H AUbbUnjn) J Ountap 90-B7hwu*aa23 

220 B MARDAS (B) (USA) (Swim Mohammed) W Hem 94)-W Carson ID 

221 4 KNM 1 STARtMrsBDaviMRHolder9J)-GBaxter 16 

222 2 MUADTMB (B HaHss) R Akenurst 9-0-P Cock 5 

223 0 NAWWAR (H ALMaktouidC Benstaad 9-0-BRouse 9 

224 NOR3GOO/Mr*MLow8)MUsner94>-WRSaMwnE 

225 PEY7TH1 QUARTBt (USA) (M Budetr-CouHs) M Usher 9-0— A McGlone 4 

226 0 TECHNOCRAT untarcratt) A Tumas 9-0-R Weaver 3 

227 - 00 UWTY FARM SO T(Ufrty Farm HD*days) P Oxide* W-N Adams 19 

229 VA LU1E (FB) (B dark) J Francome 94)-J WBams 22 

230 WARRKM BRAVE (G Moore) A Ingham 94)-R Curare 13 

231 . . B YOUNG GRILLE (Mrs B MaynardfP Walwyn 94)-Paul Eddery 11 

233 PRINCESS SEMB£ (M Btansharo) M Biansbard 8-11-RCoctom»15 

234 00 IMS7ERWIZARDffl>(PBurfc#)MFrancs9-0-BCnretoyia 

• - - 





r. Wlianac: was ocatcu ui uic i y /«*, navuig rvucuoiio, 

Tourtfr round by Gasbi- But - and reached the semi-finals-in 
Castle: had learnt a lot from 1981. The evidence is mostly 
tbe physical and mental stress in Australia's favour. I just 
of : playing five sets oh a big wish I cared more about the 
occasion. That may offset the outcome. But people matter 
effect..that his.only previous more titan patriotism... 

Looking for revenge 

M. < . re* -• j _«... *L* . 1C 

Slobodan Zivojinovic today 
seeks 10 avenge his Wimbledon 
semi-final defeat by Ivan Lendl 
when he leads Yugoslavia in 
their Davis Cup world group 
quarter-final tennis tie against 
Czechoslovakia at Sarajevo. . 

But Zivojinovic will have to 
be-‘^satisfied with a national 
rather than a personal triumph, 
because Lendl is not in tbe 
Ceechoslovaldan squad. 

Sweden aim to end a lean 
spell against Italy at Bastad. 
Their non-playing captain Hans 
Oteson is able to select from a 
pool of players who are ail 

among the world's top IS, but 
Sweden have not beaten Italy in 
the Davis Cup since 1964. 

Mexico's captain Raul 
Ramirez once had a surprise 
victory over Tom Gorman in ' 
the Davis Cup. That was in 
1973. when Ramirez beat | 
Gorman in straight sets in a 4-1 
victory for the United Slates. | 
Today the two men meet again 
when, as non-playing captains, 
they lead their countries in a tie 
in Mexico City, with Mexico in 
confident mood after beating 
West Germany in the last round 
in March. 

DREAM CHASER (9-2) 2L Leicester st 
farm, May 27.10 ran). 


Newbury selections 

—__(Mrs J Crawford) J Hnk 9-0-- 

0 MADM38 HOT TO (A Muir) M Fetfnraton-Godkiy 9-0- 

klANAFEL (H ALAtaMIOifll) J OuVap 942-- 

D MARDASno (USA)tStiakh Mohammed)W Ham 9-0.~ 

0 NAWWAR (H ALMaktoumt C Benstead 90— 
N0RS GOO (Mrs M Lews) M Usher 94)- 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Alec's Dream- 230 Bellotto. 3.0 Kathy W. 3 JO CYRANO DE; 

.BERGERAC (nap). 4.0 Ultra Nova. 4.30 Jackdaw. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Alec's Dream. 3.0 Kathy W. 3JO Cyrano De Bergerac. 4.0 
Lingering. 4.30 All Is Revealed. 

By Michael Seely 

3.0 APPLY (nap). 3.30 Cyrano De Bergerac. 


503 4032 BERTHADE (MBS A HauuM) P Uakin 8-11---PCookll 

i30 (7ft 1. CODICES (G Starkey. 13-2); 
Z Usftw (W Carson, lO-lk 3. Sure 
Laming (J Reid. 7-lf ALSO HAN: 5 fey 
Class AiSon. fi DuH (5m). Shayi, IQ 
Supemoombe. Sybil'rawny .(4th), 14 
Afrttwfiy Gerard. 25 Locftmar, SMcmra, 
Spate Stick. 50 Doubter. Joker Men. 

Kempton - Wednesday 

225 PEWTER QUARTER (USA) (M Burdett-Comts) M Usher 9-0— AMcGk>ne4 

226 0 TKHNOCRATllraafcran)ATumM-RWeaw3 

227 • 00 UWTY FARM BOY (Unity Fann HDCdays) PGwidee 9-0-NAttemaia 

229 VA LlflE (Rt) (B Clark) J Francome 9-0-JV«ams22 

230 WARRKM BRAVE (G Moore) A Ingham 94)-R Curare 13 

231 . . 6 YOUNG QMLUE (Mrs B MaynardfP WaNryn 90-Paul Eddery 11 

233 PRINCESS S9AE (M Btansharn) M Btensbard 8-11-RCoctomwlS 

234 00 MC7ERWIZARD (B) (PBurfiete)MFranca9-0-BCmaatoyll 

2-1 BeUotto. 11-4 Madras. 4-1 Hawefian Cat 13-2 Muad'Dto. 10-1 MabaM, 12-1 

Young GNlfae. 14-1 Chasw Terrace. 16-1 others. 

032 BERTRADE(MBsARaw«*ng)PMato«8-11—-— 
HUNGRY GMEBB. (USA) (EKronMU) I BakfangB-ll. 
HURRICANE VALLEY (Mrs R Shaw] M Usher 8-11 — 

24 UNGERING (W Bfas) J Winiar 8-11--- 

O HAKE OH MM (Mrs G Smiffit} R Smyft 8-11- 

0 MABADORA(DTu0b)G Baking B-11- 

MOUNT VENUS (C SdwildBiuq) G Baring 8-II 

Brave Dancer (9-0) (61,097 

drifted In toe 

11-4 Lb 
12-1 Surely 

0 ROMAN BELLE (Lord Ctertwl G RHChanHSorton 6-11-WRyaoW 

000240 SUR&.VGREATULnock)0Thom8-11-MLTbren»5 

32 ULTRA NOVA (CSIaaaites)P Cole 8-11-TOakw9 

UPDATE GAL (J Undamood) D Laarg B-il —--WCareoo 7 

0 WHO’SZOMWN’WHO(MrsNiewisjG Lews8-11 -PWekfaon2 

27TEUA(OA)ten) I Baking B-11-SCauHwnl 

-4 Lmoormg. 3-1 Ultra Nova, 100-30 Hungry GriebeL 4-1 Ziietu. B-1 BartraOa, 
urely Great 14-1 amors. 


_Pet Eddery 12 

— H«Un3 
_ SWWtHortfaS 


— R Weaver 4 

— ML Thoma* 5 

— WCareoo 7 

— P Waldron 2 

— SCauHwnl 

CSF; £6323. imfn 25^9sac. 

4A (61) 1. roWDER BLUE (T Quinn, 9- 
1); 2. Perfect Hmtog (Pm Eddery. 94 (avt 
3, Green Ruby (J WHMams. 7-1). ALSO 
RAN: 9 Roysia Boy (5th). 10 Lucky 
StarkteL G6n Kotta Mam, 12 Deputy 
Head lethL Useful. 14 Parion (4tti), 2b 
Fruty O'Rooney. West Canuck. 2S 
Sailor's Song, Stoneydala, 33 
□owraview. 14 ran. NR: Rayhaan. hcL hd. 
sh hd, 1 HI. 1HL P Makln at Meitoorotrth. 
Tote: EaSO: £280 ft .70. £1.70. DF: 
H200. CSF: £2227. TWCAST: £144.09. 
mm 1231SBC. 

Going: fkm 

6te(5f) 1, Dutch Courage (CRuttor, 6- 
1k 2 Green s Gallery (5-2 ta«); 3. Gemini 
Fire (6-1). 8 ran. 1V>1, S. 0 Motley. Tote: 
£4.90: £180. £1-30. £240. OF: £1640. 
CSF: £20.01. 

£9.00: £220. £1.70. £180. 
CSF: £7823. 

Armstrong. 1 
82 DF: fit 

£120, £1.10. £130. DF; £212 CSF: 

June 28L 
No Sefecbon 

aSOflm 4o i, VerartS (Pbi Eddery, 13- 

E 2 Merano pl-8ta«); 2 Staiml Vab(ll- 

15 ran. SI, 51. W HssW-Bass. Tote: 
40: Cl-60. £1.40, £180. OF: £480. 
CSF: £1523. 

98 (1 m) I.Fter Country (SCautlwn, 11- 
4 |t-f»r): 2 New Centra (33-1): 2.Fteet 

ROWING 3-0 ALLIED DUNBAR HANDICAP (3-Y-O fllfios; £5,408:1m 2f) (8) 


kittie August issue 
$ The flight that 
■■■ changed history 
V bomber 

# Flying boat to 
; Karachi 

# The air war over 
\ Vietnam 



Britoirfs leading aviation 
enthustasTs magazine 

Bedford bring 
in Barnard 
for Singfield 

By Jim Rallton 

-Despite notable absentees on 
international calk the national 
rowing championships of Great 
Britain, which begin today on 
Nottingham's Holme 

Pierrepom course has attracted 
507 entries, which is only 10 
fewer than last year’s record. 

By late Sunday afternoon the 
national championships will 
have held 360 races lasting over 
26 hours and a half, which will 
result in a number of exhausted 
officials and 53 national cham¬ 
pions of Great Britain. .With the 
absence of many of the top 
rowing stars and composite 
crews, this year should be a 
v image one for real down to 
earth dub crews. . 

The men's heavyweight coxed 
fours will be of interest and has 
attracted right entries. Bedford 
Star, who were impressive win¬ 
ners of the Britannia Challenge 
Cup at Henley, have tost die 
services of their talented junior 
international stroke. Jonathan 
Singfield. He is preparing for the 
world junior championships 
which will be held in Czecho¬ 
slovakia the week after next- 
Singfield*® place has been taken 
for this weekends champion¬ 
ships by the Cambridge Blue. 
Geoff Barnard. 

Other contenders are hangs- 
ton. who finished last in the 
final at Lucerne, and perhajK 
T m. Lea have revamped their 
boat bringing in Hassan ana 
Scrivener since their defeat in 
the Britannia. 

The Tideway ScidJars coxed 
four did not impress in Lucerne 
and wifi look to ihor men s 
Quadruple sculls fora title m tins 

weekend’s championships. 

They will face stiff opposition 
from ihe Nottinghamshire 
County-Imperial College under- 
23 crew. 

There are nine entries for the 
men's heavyweight eigh^ mle- 
The field includes Thames. 
London Universnyjand Walton 
together with the Thames cup 
semi-finalists, Molesey. _ 

The final races begin on 
Sunday at 10 o’clock and end 

a tb gaasBaatBaaTBRgag**': 
is «*s ia>BVHraa l isiai== 
g jss 

310 0-33 REDSHOESfnwCteaenJW Hera7-12—-- 

9-4 Apply, 5-2 Katoy W, 5-11 
Pounefta. 14-1 Lucky So So, 16-1 

--- WRMrtw.2 

tfaUnnn) H Cec4 9-2-SC«Ah«m3 

WeratiSNcn ona-lO- g&jgg 


t) R Hamm 36---:. »*■— f 

Hera 7-12-WCteBOn? 

us Dancer, 7-1 Red Shoes. EM Qteer, 12-1 

to firm. July 4. B ran). ROMAN BELLE »-li) B*l%n to Lastow«-ll) at YarmoutfUM. I 
£1375, good to firm, Jiiy l. 9 ranLSUI®.Y GREAT (8-9) 7th ofiO to Forest Fkww (SJfl 
at NawnrarkW <S Group 2 E2S77& mod. July 8). ULTRA NOVA (8-11) head 2nd to 
Bo bebtMy (8-1 liai Chester (51.52245.good to firm, July 11.8ran). 

Selection: LINGERING 

4J30 WHITE HORSE HANDICAP (£3,915:2m) (11) 


Going: firm 


602 214-100 LAOrSBH 

603 413000 ALL IS 
605 3100414 DON’T RING ME 

Pit Eddery 11 , 

444_S Csuiben 8 

4-8-12 _ ML Thomas 10 
W Canon 9 

Harwood 3-8-1 

tearote sioca nmntag W 

S Dawson 1 

J Lowe5 

at Ascot last tea¬ 
ms DANCER has 

£3309. good to firm. June 12 15 ran). 
gc to cWm APPLY 

606 020 ELCONQU1STA! 

607 070122- EASTER LEE (A Hurt) D Bswortti 
606 OOl-Ott ORANGE HILL (BF) (R McCreary) J Tree 4-84) 

610 1-03203 MISS BLACKTHORN (Mrs J Wefabl N 'J<gars 4-7-11 
61? OOteK) MOON JE5TER <0 (T Marshal) M Usher 6-7-10- 

612 (00023 JACKDAW (USAXP) (J Bw) R Hottnshead 6-7-9. 

613 140200 MY CHARADE (B)(T MdSihy) Mis B Wanng 6-7 
9-4 Orange HBL100-30 Lady's Bridge. 6-1 M«ss SlaeJcthom. 7-1 M is Revealed. 8- 

1 Moon Jester, 10-1 Jamesmead. 12-f Don’t Rmg Me. 16-1 B Conquistador. 20-1 

FORM: Ces mc wteh runner-up JAMESMEAD (9-3) a head and 413rd to CHaberi(B-8) at 
Ascot (2m 61, El 0725. firm. June 20,9 ran). DON'T RING ME (8-1110^14m to Nwsefls 
Park (9-0) here (1m 51. £3676. good to soft, Jiaie 11. 9 rant EASTER LEE (7-9) *1 
Goodwood 2nd to Obwtura (B-H) with JAMESMEAO (8-11) 71 away 5to ot 10 (2m 31. 
£7646. good to soft. Jute 31> ORANGE WLL (8-10) 12%) 60> to T«enmod(7-7) at War- 
Mck (ZmS/June 7L wwi JACKDAW ffi-2) 7th. In 1965 ratAWSE HtLL (6-8) beat Master 
Boatman (8-9) S at Bathi2m if, £2528. BOtL Oct 7.19 rani Last time JACKDAW (7-7 “ 
Newmarket 3rd betend Tng Rnidant Pnnoa (8-4). with ALL IS f£VEAL£D t7t away 
[2m, £5281, good, July 9,8 ran). 

Selection: JACKDAW 


Going: firm ^ 

Draw: 5f-€t, Wgh numbers best 

£1,404:7ft (15 runners) 

2 0 MEDALLION MAH WMacfcte 8-11 -. 

I ROSINSKY M Bntnki 8^11 -- 

4 00 SKWB®J-M W Easwtw 8-11- *!&gSm 

8 0030 WESTOALE C TmWw 6-11 — --M Wooa I D 

7 So BWONSAMStVSIK Stone 0-6-BEsAfiSH? 

9 4214 FANPNE(B)NTiMhM..-.-»" 

11 DODO GtLLOTBAHMWEasiteJy8-8-TLteWtt 

12 00 LYNRAeMHBsWtvM---■MIS 

i? is ssKr^ri 

23 00 WAR CHILD PHastafflM-TWBta»3 

S-a Madam LaBtte, 4-1 Fanbne. M! SOKpn.Gfrl. 13-2 
BRXto‘6 Answer, 8-1 Miss Ptea. lO-l Lyn Re®, Rosinsky. 12-1 
westgaie. M-1 Olhars- 

23 UNCLE MflLKOT Banon 94)-E Quart (3) 9 

24 WORTHY PRINCE JW Payne 90-P0’Ara>2 

27 MALACANANG M Camecno 8-11_DGankte(7)4 

11-8 DieswokL 15-8 Canupm, 4-1 Rustle Eyes. 7-1 
Tkanda. 10-1 Barthetor. 14-1 ortws. 

£2,007: 7t) (14) 

1 0444 BUS AHEAD <U| G Moore 9-0_RPEBMI4 

2 03 BLAHNG0NE A Stewart 9-0-W Have* ( 7 ) 2 

7 000 - MARK MV CARO C Thornton 9-0-KH«feran13 

9 NO IDEA M H EastBrtiy 9-0---M Birch 5 

14 004 TENASSERW 1 \fickafs9-0_-—RVidun(7)3 

16 0 04) 8R0ADNUBST JBfiewiptt? 8-71- MWbodl 

18 0333 CLEOFE (USA) L Cu s ni B-11-RGttestM 

23 002 FORETOrWBsey8-11_CDwyerS 

27 ZC«9 JEfBFBt BROWMNG T Sanon 8-11_E Guest (3) 9 

28 o-oa mss BLAME M Bnttafri 8-11_A Bacon 

30 3-40 NAOUSSAJ Dunlop 8-11 

35 OF SY80XYCBoath^ll... 

36 4 TOOTSIE ROLL JW Paw* B- 1 ) 

37 0- TRANSFORM W Jams 8-11 _ 

13-8 Btairingone, 2-1 Ctoote. 11-2 Naouesa. 15-2 Foretop, 

10-1 BroadhursL 16-1 Mss Blake. 20-1 others. 

3.15 DAVID BARRON STAKES (3-Y-O: El ,625:2m) 


2 2310 CtW^HJoteMHaigMOnB-IO-JWd2 

8 2304 NADASSN»tor--- 

ID B33 SNOWFBECHM*HWharton8-7 -DMdtettsS 

11 01 TEifi’LE HEIGHTS J Duniop B-7 - 

17 004 SVrefTSNUGRT R Woodhouse 8-4-A Bondi 

11.8 Tempte Hdgws, 7-4 Cottage, M Pfedas. 7-1 

Sncwffre Chap. 16-1 Sweet Snugfit - 


1n a wi tmBBESS&J&SSBSP-- tSt - 

11 0-04 TOP OfrlTLANE N Bycroft 9-8-12- 

15 0300 MOMNSICYNBratiftWa- 

16 Q403 MARSIUANA E Inosa 4-8-1 ^.— 

IS 0000 SWffTSFeFOEB p Bo han — 
19 04)0 JMH0REWDW Chapman 6-7-11— 


„ DWcfioisS 


. AShoetU(5)6 
M D tec ro ft 5 
_ LChamocfcS 
_ SPQrtMhs7 

Thirsk selections 

By Mandarin 

2-45 Famine. 3.15 Temple Heights. 3.45 Whirling 
Words. 4.IS Qteswold. 4.45 Cleofe. S.1S Roper 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
3.45 War Child. 4.45 Cleofe. 5< 15 Silent Gam. 
Michael Seriy'^ selection: 3.15 Coinage. 

5.15 PETER EASTERBY HANDICAP (£2,784; 8ft 


3000-0 RESTORATIONGCahert4-9.7—-OMbr 


Going: firm ^ , 

Draw: 6f, middle to high numbers best 

HANDICAP (£1,702:5ft (8 runners) 

- 1 0210 

Fooled (9-11. Alqvm (11-4 jt-lavV 10 ran. 
21 , hd. b Yota £140: £1J0. 

£4.80, E1B0. OF: £82.60. CSF: EfiBBS. 
Tricast E853te. 

PfeoepoC CSOLte. 

Kelleway has 
claim reduced 

Steve Cauthen failed to arrive 
in time to partner Lightning 
Legend in foe High Steward 
Claiming Stakes at Yarmouth 
yesterday and missed a winning 
ride. His loss was Gay 
Kclleway's gain as she rode a 
confident race to bring Light¬ 
ning Legend home a length 
winner from Trynova. 

The success means that Miss 
Kelleway has her claim reduced 
from 51b to 31b. Cauthen arrived 
in time to partner Magic Slipper 
to victory in the Conway Stakes 
and Miss Kelleway completed a 
double on Taylor Of Sohara in 
the Fred Armstrong Apprentice 


(£2^53: im 40 ydj (5) 

T WSamS 
S Carter (3) I 
_ A Fraud 3 
>P Griffith* 2 

8-11 DuaBnfl. 3-1 Composer. 7-1 Warplane, 10-1 All Fair. 
16-1 Honest Taken. 


11-1 Wfezerd Magic. 7-2 TanfM^ISteKjfrT Roya/ Bear. 
13-2 Tradesman. 10-T Russon Wrter. 20-1 otters. 

£873: 6fJ (8) 

2 -034 PSALM (C)M Pr6SC0B 94)---R2SSS* 

5 38 

3 S SERSS9&sj=- J SjEai 

K OM TOUCHTHESAtt.UTOttt*#*W-MRknmerl 

Bridge. 33-1 Motor Master. 


O: ei.320-.6fH3) ___ 

16 432 TAFTTtfBATWMTomptosM---.— MWW»3 

1? m THE BRAZILIAN E AEtoi W)---GDiteeMI 

10-11 Tap The Baton. Evens fW Away. M The Brazian. 

Hamilton selections 

By Mandarin 

6.45 Wizard Magic. 7.15 Psalm. 7.45 Tap The 
Baton. 8.15 Duelling. 8.45 Husnah. 9.15 Silent 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
7.15 Psalm. 7.45 Tap The Baton. 8.IS All Fair. 

8.45 Husnah. 

3.45 MARLEY HEIGHTS STAKES (£1,194:1m 3ft 
( 6 ) 

t o 
4 m 

9 -041 

10 3331 
12 003 
IS 30 

7-4 Husnah. 9-4 Kmo Tefcros. 7-2 Saryart, B-1 Welsh 
Crown. 10-1 Cassandra's Dream. 20-i Bang Bang. 

I,..A,..wwgH Btcq 

9.15 HARLEY ROOFUS HANDICAP (El ,811:1m 4f) 

ui ■ ' 

4 01(12 S1SIT JOURNEY 

JwwaoW.. Tiwea2 
mod 3-7-13 


)8 3220 EXCAVATOR LADY (C) R WNDker 7-7-13 


19 O/QO MCWIAR (USA) DMoftan 7-7-13:-JQum(5)1 

Evens SiltetJttinwy, 7-4 Excavator Lady, 8-1 Mote. 

M Stonore Odone, 11-4 Whirling Words. 5-1 ^raUiana.7; 
1 Top OTh- Lane. 14-1 Grateand Dancer, lfi-1 

SiMtepenow. 20-1 Jo-Andraw. 


Y-O: £1,782: 6ft (10) 

BERTHEUERG Cahert M---— 
00 OUtmEM fl WptefaOUM s-Q—- 

*« CRJt^lton THomuwn M_ 

00 PRWCS»1tM«SHaiM- 




_A Bond 8 

_ KHodgsonl 

_R P Sett 5 




4 -000 MAftAtflLLA J Ettenngton 4-9-5-U Wood 10 

5 -023 SILENT GAIN (USA) WJarvta W4-,—.- T Lucas 3 

6 Ml ROPER ROW M H EasamEw 3-9-5-K Hodgson 6 

7 0021 FARIKR JOCK (B) Mra N Macautey W-10 

E Guest (3)8 



11 0000 HARRY HULL MWEastertjy M4-- ***» 

15 3201 SAMBA LASS(DJTBanon 3*5-*g l J?2£F,J 

16 MS OfflCMUMENWWtartofl 3-8-4 -- NCaritetel* 

1? 0003 THE 5THAY BULLETT (HI B McMahon 3-8-3 _ 


19 4400 C0LWAY RADIAL Denys Smith 3-6-2 — L Chtemn* 1 
11-4 Roper Row, 7-2 Farmer Jock. t-\ Samba Lass. 11-f 
SHant Gam, 7-1 Our cSkfren. 10-1 TTw ®ray BuBttL 14-1 

Today’s course specialists 

Blinkered first 


TOAWERS: H(^ « from Ira 

runners. 36.7%; MStoUtt te from92. 
28^%; G Hanwod !9 ifl.M 
JOCKEYS: S Cauthen 45 uriwwrs tom 
253 tees, M Eddery 1 36imn)204. 

176 %; G Starkey 22 from 148,14.9%. 

TRAINERS: J Dunlop 9 wtfwere from 12 
runners. 75.t^: fi jototen HougWonS 
from 18 , 31^%: T Banon T5 from 921, 

JOCKEYS: T Ives 19 vjuvws tom lM 

ridee. 175 %: A Mafltey 9 tomfifi. ia 9 %s 

U Breh 21 from 201,10A%- 


7RAASRS: Ai PrasodH 23 ttenrwre from 
SB runners. 235%; C Tfromton 12 from 
64.1BJ%; P Hastem 19 Iran 102,18.6%. 

JOCKEYS: GDutfWd 45 winners from 2S0 
rides, 180 %; J BtoascWe 13 from 104, 
1^5%; D ffettoBs 20 from 192,104%. • 

• Western Dancer wi! 
to win foe £50,000 ’ 
Handicap for the sec 
running at York nex 
The five-year-old 
preparatory race in tl 
Jack Stakes at As 




Curtis and 

De Freitas swings into 
action to plunge 
sorry Essex to defeat 

SOVTHEND: Leicestershire 
(23 pts) hi Essex (5) by ten 

An uncharacteristic lack of 
resolution brought Essex a 
crushing defeat yesterday and 
helped Leicestershire's Phillip 
De Freitas to a personal 

Essex. 111 runs behind on 
first innings, were dismissed 
for that figure with De Freitas 
taking seven for 44 to finish 
with match figures of 13 for 
86 . 

There did not seem to be 
anything in the pitch to justify 
the poor showing by the Essex 
batsmen, with some poor 
technique displayed. It was 
slightly cooler, without 
Wednesday's humidity, and 
though the ball swung a little, 
the Leicestershire tail enders 
earlier put things in perspec¬ 
tive. Leicestershire's last four 
wickets added a further 110 
runs, with their tenth wicket 
pair, Agnew and GilL staying 
together an hour. 

This late resistance by 
Leicestershire clearly left the 
beiow-5trength Essex side 
thoroughly frustrated. It de¬ 
tracts nothing from a fine 
performance by De Freitas to 
suggest that Essex surrendered 
the will to fight. Even Border 
played an unworthy innings. 
He tried to hit the cover off 
every bail he played. He might 

By Richard Streeton 
have been out four, .times 
during the ten balls he had, 
before be was finally, held at 
second slip. 

This was the fifth match out 
of six in the past fortnight that 
Essex have lost, a dismal run 
which has included an unex¬ 
pected exit from the NatWest 
Trophy, and now two 
successive championship de¬ 
feats in two days. Gooch and 
company will be back from 
England duty this weekend, 
and Fletcher should be fit 
again next week. But the 
absentees did not altogether 
explain this latest defeat. In 
the modern fashion, a 45 over 
challenge match for £1,500 
was hastily arranged for today 
to provide entertainment for 
sponsors and their guests. 

For Leicestershire, under 
Willey’s leadership, their 
fourth victory of the summer 
maintained a promising 
championship challenge. 
Benjamin's strained side pre¬ 
vented him bowling in the 
Essex second innings and De 
Freitas rapaciously seized his 
chance to use the new ball. 

The Dominican-born all- 
rounder, who is 20 and En¬ 
gland qualified added a 
couple of yards to his pace 
and obtaining more bounce 
than usual, improved his ca¬ 
reer-best figures for the second 
successive day. His first four 

wickets came in 20 balls and 
cost eight runs, and the Essex 
collapse was irreversible. 

East bravely hooked sixes 
against De Freitas and Agnew, 
Topley battled on for 23 overt, 
but otherwise there was little 

ESSEX! F*stlnrira153(PJPrfctod 5& 
P A J De Freitas 6-42)- 

SeOTnc! tarings 

BRHartSecGIHbDeFreSas — : — 

J P Stephenson c VWfcy b Db Fima 
P J Prichard c GiB b Agnew 

A R Border cCfiftbDe Fredas • 
A W LUtoy c Cat b Da Fmttas — 
KR Ponte GfflbDe Fredas — 

DE East tow b Agnew- 

T D Toptey e Wtey b De Frertss 

J K Laver c GB b Agnew-- 

J H Childs c CDft b 5a Freitas — 


.. 6 
— 2 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0.2-9.3-9.4-23,5- 
25. 648.7-74,8-87, 9-104.10-MI. 
BOWUNG: De Freitas 16.1-544-7; Agnew 
13-2-37-3; CSft 154-360. 

LBCCSTBtSWRE: First tarings 

J C Balder-stone c Topley b Lever — 7 

R A Cobb Ibwb Lever 

*P Wifley c Stephenson b Topley 
L Porter ibw b Acfietd- 

T J Boon c Border b Topley. 

PBCWt tow b Toptey 

W K R Benjamin c East b Toptey 
PA J De Freitas ibw b Topley — 



Border bCriids 

Extras (lb 7, nb 5) 
Total (88 overs) 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19. 2-27. 3-31. 4- 

BOWUNG: Lever 334-86-2: Topley 32-7- 
120-5; Pont 3-0-13-0: AcfteM 15-7-21-2: 
Chads 6-1-17-1. 

. Second Im&gs 

J P Agnew not out_■ 

P Gil not out_0 



Umpires: J W Holder end H J Rhodes. 

Radley’s set of centuries 

By Marcus Williams 

LORD'S: Somerset, with six 
first-innings wickets in hand, are 
72 runs behind Middlesex 

Notwithstanding the absence 
of Richards, it was a day for the 
Rs at Lord's yesterday. In the 
morning Radley joined a select 
band by completing his set ol 
hundreds against the other 16 
first-class counties and the two 
universities; Rose, most attrac¬ 
tively. and Roebuck, rather 
more dourly, then made centu¬ 
ries for Somerset, sharing an 
opening stand of225 in the next 
four hours, as Somerset replied 
solidly to a total of 376 for six. 

Middlesex batted on for the 
best part of an hour, in which 
time Radley and Downton car¬ 
ried them to their highest 
championship total of the sum¬ 
mer. Radley's hundred was 
achieved with a characteris¬ 
tically cheeky, almost suicidal, 
single to mid-off . after 205" 
minutes, and then he delighted 
connoisseurs of his unique 
brand of batting with a one- 
handed late cut to the third man 

After 23 seasons. 46 centuries, 
over 25.000 runs - and 500 
catches, and immeasurable 
contributions of grit and effort 
to the benefit of the team, he has 
become in his quiet, unassum¬ 
ing way as much a pan of the 
Lord's landscape as the 

Hcarries, Hendren, Compton or 
Edrich -and, at a sprightly 42. he 
still has two more years of a new 
three-year contract to run. 

Rose, returning to the 
opener's role, and Roebuck 
started a little uncertainly 
tinst Daniel and Cowans, 
there appeared to be 
he pilch for them or the 
spinners later.- Rose was 
dropped at second slip off 
Cowans when he was six, a 
cosily miss, and then took a 
blow on the right knee from 
Daniel that restricted bis mobil¬ 
ity for a while. 

Otherwise the basunen were 
little troubled. Rose driving 
handsomely through extra cover 
and pulling forcefully and Roe¬ 
buck now and again emerging 
from behind his solid defence 
with a well-timed shot. Between 
limes be was to be found 
squatting on his haunches, but' 
, whether to relax from the effort 
of concentration or so study the 
pitch for a're-emergent Lord's 
ridge was not clear. 

.• The score at tea was 184 and 
Rose, given another'life when* 
82. went to his hundred just 
afterwards. He then traded only 
in boundaries as he gave 
Cowans a fearful hammering 
and had hit 20 fours in all when 
be mistimed a pull off DanieL 
Roebuck, who bad shared in an 

ig si 

Ffelton last time out, ground his 
way on and eventually passed 
three figures after 277 minutes 
with his thirteenth four and was 
still there at the dose when 
Somerset had obtained maxi¬ 
mum batting points. 

MBOUsSEX: First tarings 

WN Slack c Qerd b Coombs- 

A JT met b Gamer 



JDCairc Marks b Coombs-75 

RO Butcher c Ross b Dredge-- 9 

■CT Radley not out-113 

M A Fosederry run out-0 

tPR Downton c Coombs b Marks 58 

Extras (R) A, nb 13)---17 

Total {6 wkts dec) 


Sam at 100 overs 261 tar 5. 

s P Hughes. N G Cowans. P C R Tutnal 

and WW Daniel did not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-21.2-138.3-176. 4- 

217. 5-219.6376. 

BOWUNG: Gamer 23-7-57-1; Davis 21-3- 
76-0; Dredge 17-2-55-1: Marks 321-10- 
73-1; Coombs 294-101-22; Harden 34 

SOffitSET: First Innings 
B C Rose c Downton b Daniel — 
*P M Roebuck nor out--- 

J J E Hardy b Hughes 
Rj harden run out 

N A Friton Ibw b Cowans 

Vd Marks not out 

Extras (b6.lb1. w&ni>5>. 
Total (4 wkts, 85 overs)- 

_ 2 
_ 23 

- 15 


fTGard.MR Davis.CHDredge,4Gamer 

and R V J Coombs to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-221.2-234,3-275. 


Bonus prints: MkWesex 3. Somerset 2. 
Umpires: A A Jones and K J Lyons. 

Sussex pride after the fall 

BRISTOL• Sussex, with seven 
second innings wickets in hand, 
are 62 runs behind 

Sussex have not had much 
luck in this match so far. They 
put Gloucestershire in, and 
found themselves facing a de¬ 
clared total of 350 for six on the 
second morning. Alleyne 
reached his 100 with the first 
boll of the day, and was 116 not 
out at the end. Russell looked 
equally confidenL AJIeyne's in¬ 
nings was a work of solid 
promise. He is 18 years old. 
born in London though of 
Barbadian background. 

Sussex were then bowled out 
for .102 They never recovered 
from a shocking start. Lawrence 
took three wickets in his second 
over. Green touched a short one 
to wicketkeeper. Parker was 
yorked first ball. Imran skidded 
his first to Bainbridge at back¬ 
ward short leg. but it did not 
leave the ground. It would have 
been a notable hat-trick, but in 
this context it was not very 
significant, since the last ball of 
the over was edged to the 
wicketkeeper, who caught it, 
splendidly, going down the leg- 

C M Wells was fourth out at 
30. caught at point off Walsh. 
His brother followed him at 50. 

. By Alan Gibson 

At lunch. 52 for five; 25 overs 
had been bowled. , 

Standing had _ been batting 
with almost total immobility all 
morning, but Sussex must have 
been glad enough to have him 
there. He was the sixth to go, at 
60, and wickets fell regularly 
during the afternoon. For the 
assistance of the fast bowlers 
came Graveneywho had all the 
batsmen in difficulty. The ail- 
lapse prompts the question, 
what was the pitch like? To 
which the honest answer, so far 
as I was concerned, was that it 
gave the fast bowlers an uneven 
bounce, and Graveney some 
spin, but it never became a pig. 

Certainly when Sussex fol¬ 
lowed on. with a rather shame¬ 
faced air, they batted better. The 
opening pair put on 40 before 
they were out within a run of 
each other. 

We were now left with the 
penniless lambs of the first 
innings, Parker and Imran. I 
have had a feeling that it might 
not have been good strategy in 
the morning to dismiss these 
two so peremptorily. 


A JWngM tollman-46 


' K P Tomfins c Green to Mays 

P Balntoodge b Imran- 

KMCmranbMays —- 

J W Lloyds c Imran to Mays.. 
MW Alleyne not out 
tflC Russell not out 

— 51 






Extra&fbl. to7.wl.nb3)—__12‘ 

Total (6 wkts dec)-350 

•D A Graveney. C A Walsh and D V 

Lawrence <M not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-110. 2-112.3112. 

BOWUNG: Imran 28-4-10-594 Rgod 13 
3374: C M Weis 131-564; Babsigton 3 
1-230; Reeve 17-0464; Mays 31-1373 
3; Standing 15-2-284. 

SUSSEX: Fkst tarings 

O K Standing b Lawrence-16 

AM Green c Russo* b Lawrence-0 

PWG Parker b Lawrence-0 

Imran Khan c Russell to Lawrence. 
CM Write c Graveney b Walsh .. 

A P Write p Stovold b Graveney 
D A Reeve c Wright b Walsh 

- 0 

_ 13 


•fj J GouW c WngWbGraverey_ 2 

ACS Pigott c Baxtortdge b Graveney. 3 

C Maya not out_8 

A M Babington to Graveney-1 

Extras (to S. nb 8)- 13 

Total (45.4 overs)-102 

Their valiant efforts may still 
have done enough to put Sussex 
back in the match. I doubted 
this when Imran was stumped 
off Lloyd for 152, but at 
least the stand had revived faith 
in the blue martlet 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2.2-2.32.4-20.3 
BOWUNG: Lawrence 11-144-4; Walsh 
17-5-34-2 BanbrktgB 5-1-12-0: Graveney 
11.4-4-17-4; Lloyds 1-144. 

Second Irmmgs 

DK Standing b Walsh-9 

AM Green b Welsh-35 

PW Parker not out- 65 

Imran Khan si Russell D Uoyds_47 


Extras (b l.toS. w 1.nb4)_ _ 9 

Total (3 wkts) _ 186 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-43.344.3-152 
Bonus points: Gloucestershire 6, Sussex 

Umpres. M J Kitchen and R A Write. 

in record 

Oo the hop: Mush, the Kant wicket-keeper, finding Stewart a handful yesterday 

Stewart unbeaten on 152 

THE OVAL: Surrey, with five 
second innings wickets in hand, 
lead Kent by 249 runs. 

A magnificent unbeaten 152 
by Alec Stewart, which showed 
up most of the other batsmen in 
this match, effected an excellent 
Surrey recovery. They lead Kent 
by 249 runs. 

Stewart, who played scarcely a 
false shot in an innings which 
has lasted 217 minutes and 
includes 25 fours, shared large 
partnerships with Falkner and 
Jesty and finished the day six 
short of his career best score, 
also off Kent 

It is hard to imagine that his 
father. Micky Stewart, coukl 
have batted as commandingly as 
this. Of all the batsmen put 
forward for England inclusion — 
and of necessity there have been 
several of late — Alec Stewart 
has not been among them. Yet 
be has passed 50 nine times this 
summer and gone on to a 
century twice. 

In the morning, Kent batted 
as poorly as Surrey had done on 
the first day. Medlycott found 
some turn at the Vauxhall end 
and made the most of it. 
returning career-best figures of 

By Ivo Tennant 
six for 63. He was helped 
considerably by the batsmen 
finding ways of getting them¬ 
selves OUL 

In the first over. Tavare, so 
sound on Wednesday evening, 
hit over a ball of fullish length 
from Gray. Taylor trod on his 
wicket in attempting to force the 
same bowler. Underwood, who 
without support from the um¬ 
pires had seen off some short 
pitched stuff from Gray, was run 
out by a fine direct throw from 

Christopher Cowdrey top- 
edged a flash to backward point. 
Marsh was picked up at silly 
point and Graham Cowdrey 
caught at the wicket lunging 
forward In 14 balls Medlycott 
had taken three for nought Only 
thanks to Alderman's thirst for 
competition did Kent gain a 16- 
run lead 

This soon paled into insignifi¬ 
cance. Lynch, opening in place 
of the injured Clinton, skied a 
top-edged hook to the wicket¬ 
keeper but Falkner, dropped on 
33, otherwise batted almost as 
well as StewarL On the day, 
there could be no higher praise. 

Alderman captured three 

wickets in quick succession 
shortly before stumps, but it did 
not redress the balance. 

SURREY: First tarings 201 (Stewart 55. 
Clinton 34; iggiescSen 4-17) 

Second Innings 

NJFaflirwc Marsh b Cowdrey-48 

M A LyncJi c Marsh b iggtosden-10 

A J Stewart not out--:-152 

TE Jesty b Alderman—-39 

A Needham tow b AWennen-0 

KTM«Byeott tow b Alderman-Q 

GSOmonnotoul -3 

Extras (to 6, w 1, nb 4)_ 
Total (5 wkts) 



FALL OF WICKETS: 1/28.2/123.3239.4- 

KENT: First Innings 

S G Htnks c Needham b Doughty- 

D G Aston St Browne b Medlycott —53 

CJTavarebGray .— -39 

DL Underwood nn out--29 

NR Taylor hit wklto Gray--12 

By Peter Marson 

Highest partnerships by lead¬ 
ing batsmen seem to be the 
fashion just now. especially 
those for the second wickeL and 
following Geoff Cook’s alliance 
with Robin Boyd-Moss at 
Northampton on Wednesday, 
we had another record breaking 
partnership at Neath yesterday, 
when Graeme Hick and Tim 
Curtis hurried along at close on 
five and a half runs an over 
against Glamorgan's bowlers in 
putting on 287 for the second 
wickeL before Worcestershire* 
declaration in mid afternoon at 
300 for one. 

Having made a stylish hun¬ 
dred in a shade above even ume. 
Hick moved on and up a gear, 
hitting eight sixes and.22 fours 
before Worcestershire's barrage 
was at an end, and by that ume 
Hick had got to 219 not out, and 
Curtis to 66 not out. in marking 
out a new record, the old one, 
established in 1933 by H.H.L 
Gibbons and the Nawab ot 
Pataudi, who put on 274against 
Kent at Worcester, is worth a 
mention, because these two 
managed to give an encore in 
the following season, also at 
Worcester, and interestingly, 
Glamorgan's bowlers bad had a 
part to play in this. too. Hick's 
innings was also tbehighest by a 
visiting batsman, a distinction 
held previously by Wj. Stewart 
of Warwickshire, who made 155 
there in 1955. 

At Edgbaslon, Sharma had 
been 35 not out and Jean- 
Jacques 16 not out as Derby¬ 
shire began again at 279 for 
seven. Sharma took his score to 
71 as Derbyshire advanced by 
95 runs to 374. Gifford and 
Small had bowled most overs, 
and they had conceded most 
runs, but seven of 10 wickets to 
fall belonged to them. too. 

In the afternoon. 
Warwickshire's innings me¬ 

andered along the course of 31 

__tv:_cn c n .:.t.v 


Bronze for 
Scot but?* 

4T f 


s- f ; •; 

From Pat Bnteher 

Athletics Correspondent 

Jamie Henderson, a Scot from 
Edinburgh, won Britain’s first 
m edal ia (he inaugural world 
junior championships last night 
when he finished third in the 
100 metres. But Tina Uwagwan 
and Mary Onyali, both Nigeri¬ 
ans- won the women s sprint 
gold and sUver medals, giving 

notice that the emergence of 
black African women, the final 
coy of the socio-economic 
revolution in the Thud World, 
is well under way. . 

Henderson came into these 
championships with a good 
chance of a medal, and won 
both his first and second round 
heats. But once we saw the 
Americans Florence anaJCeiT in 
action, it was evident "that thgy 
were dear favourites, Sd’; it 
turned out, with Florence win¬ 
ning in 10.17 secs, a world class 
senior time, with KerTsecond 
on 10.23 secs and Hendersen 
taking his bronze medal m 1034 
secs. 0.01 sec outside his per¬ 
sonal best. David Kirton was 
fifth in 10.-50 secs. 

Miss Onyali had come here as 
the world junior leader in both 
100 and 200 metres rankings. 
But she was well beaten by her 
compatriot in the final, when 
Miss Iheagwan docked 11.34 
secs, and Miss Onyali was given 
the same time, 11.46 secs, as 
Caryl Smith of the United 
Suites, who won the bronze.. 

David Sharpe qualified easily 
for today's 800 metres .final, but 
Paul Williams had to throw 
himself at the fine to edge into 
the -same.race as one of the 
fastest losers. .*• 

More athletics, 
page 26 

l $ 





:-s : 

—f : 


I-,' >. 





• it- 

G R Cowdrey c Brawn b Metfycotl—13 
*C S Cowdrey c Stewart b Wedfycot: _ 8 
tS A Marsh c Lynch bMetfycott——0 
T M Alderman c Needham b Medlycott 26 
AP^glesden c Gray b Medlycott-7 

KB S Jarvis not out-—0 

Extras <b4. th2n£)1J---—7 

overs in reaching 50. Smith' 
straight drive for six off Miller 
had been an attempt to speed 
things along, but having got to 
39 out of 64 in 36 overs. Smith 
then fell to a catch at raid-on by 
Warner off Sharroa’s bowling. 

Total (77 overe) 


FALL OF WICKETS 1-54.2-115.3121.4- 

BOWUNG: Gray 24-341-2 Doughty 131- 
41-1; Monkhouse 7-3114: Needrani 94- 
28-0: Jesty 2-1-74: t^dtycott238-636. 
Total bonus prints: Surrey 6. Kent 6 
Umpires: D G Evans and R Juien 

Fowler had been seven not 
out when Lancashire started out 
at 16 for two, and 384 runs 
behind Northamptonshire at 
Northampton. Fowler went on 
to make 50, and Chadwick 38, 
but Chad wide then fell to Nick 
Cook's catch off Walker's last 
medium bowling, and it was at 
this point that Walker moved m 
to polish off the remainder. 

Yorkshire fall foul 
of inspired Pick 


By Peter Ball 

WORKSOP: Yorkshire, six pered .white Boycott filled his 

second innings wickets in hand, 
need 91 to avoid an innings 
defeat by Nottinghamshire. 

Worksop's wicket apparently 
so benign when Nottingham¬ 
shire totted and- Yorkshire 
bowled, looked rather different 
yesterday as the roles were 
reversed. Yorkshire lost 14 
wickets in the day as Andy Pick 
took a career best six for 68 in 
the first innings and then re¬ 
turned to have the last word, 
removing Sharp, the only York¬ 
shire batsman to emerge-with' 
credit from an otherwise un¬ 
distinguished display. 

Pick is built like a shire-horse 
rather than a show pony, and 
yesterday he showed the ap¬ 
petite of one. Running in eagerly 
and putting his back into every 
delivery, he exploited the last 
ounce of helpfulness from, the 
wicket, finding the bounce and 
movement which eluded his 
colleagues and which 
Yorkshire's bowlers could not 
have imagined the previous day. 

Hemmings was a useful ally, 
plugging away persistently to 
earn his impressive figures of 
three for 50 in 27 overs. 
Conditions, cool and cloudy 
instead of debilitating heal, 
undoubtedly favoured Not¬ 
tinghamshire on both days, but 
neither they, nor any deteriora¬ 
tion in the wickeL could account 
for the difference between the 
sides. Notts have simply batted 
and bowled much better. 

Yorkshire were on the defen¬ 
sive from the start as Pick began 
his work, trapping Moxon and 
Metcalfe leg before wickeL the 
latter for the fifth time in six 
championship innings. 
Yorkshire's plight could easily 
have been worse. Sharp surviv¬ 
ing a chance to second slip in the 
sixth and final over of Pick's 
opening spell which yielded two 
wickets for 12 runs. 

Thus reprieved. Sharp pros- 

favourite role as anchor. Pick’s 
return, however, ended a stand 
of 80 in 26 overs as he extracted 
extra bounce to disconcert 
Sharp. Thereafter the descent 
was swift. Hartley jabbing Pick 
to short leg before Hemmings 
made the decline irreversible. 

Bairstow had responded 
characteristically, sweeping the 
off-spinner for six, but be was 
splendidly taken by Newell off 
tot and pad at short leg. The 
same pa> r * ant * dte same form of 
dismissal.' ended Boycott's 
occupation — a mere three-and- 
a-half hours — after Pick bad 
beaten Carriek’s indeterminate 
push, and Yorkshire were in 
disarray at 169 for seven. 

The tail-enders, especially 
Swallow and Jarvis in the 
second-best stand of the innings, 
showed rather more application, 
but the task of saving the follow- 
on proved just beyond them. 
NOTTINGHAMSHIRE: First Innings 404 
tor 3 dac (B C Broad 122. R T Robinson 
105. P Johnson 105 not Out). 

YORKSHIRE: First Innings 

G Boycott c Naweff to Hammings-56 

M D Moxon Ibw b Pick-14 

A A Metcalfe tow b Pick-12 

K Ship c Ranch b Pick-56 

S N Hartlay c NeweB b Pick-7 

*tD L BaVstow c Newell b Hemmmgs 20 
P Carrtck to Pick 

IG Swallow c Rica to Hammings. 

PWJarvtsb Cooper- 

C Stow not out-- 

S D Fletcher b Pick- 

. Extras (to 3)-;- 

_ 5 

- 3 

Total (88.1 avers) 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-21.2-41.3121.4- 
131.3160. 3165.7-169.8-222 3222 
BOWUNG: Pick 21.1-4-638: Saxetoyi4- 
2-48-0: Cooper 14-4-30-1: Rica 34-284; 
rings 27-15-50-3: Evens 33164. 


Second tarings 
G Boycott c French to Cooper 
M D Moxon tow to Rice 

A A Metcalfe c French b SaxeJby — 
K Sharp c Newell b Pick- 

S N Hartley not ewi — 
P W Jarvis nor out 



Extras (nb 3)- 

Total (4 wkts) 




TO L Bairstow. P Camck. C Shaw. S O 
FJeicher and l G SwaBaw to bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-3.2-10.314.443. 
Boros pomts: Yortislwra 2 Natongham- 
shire 4. 

Northants v Lancs 

lor 3 dec (G Cook 183; R J Boyd-Moss 

LAHCASMIE: First Innings 
G D Mendis c G Cook b MaBender—-9 

*G Fowler b Capel —---.-50 

I FoBey ibw to MaBendeT-—0 

M R Chadinck c N G B Cook b WaBcer 38 
N H Fairbrotber c Harper b Walker __ 20 

J Abrahams c Wattrton b WaBior-0 

S J O'Shaughnessy b Walker-10 

tC Maynara retted hurt-—-1 

MLWaOdnsoncWatarionb Walker _ 2 

D J Makmaon not out--1 

B P Paterson b Walker-0 

Extras (bl/to>7)--J3 

Total plovers)---144 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12 2-12 389. 4- 

120.3120.3131.7- 131.3143.3144. 
BOWUNG: Mallender 11-3332 WaBcar 
236-50-6: Harper 18-8-33-0:NGB Cook 
1310-6-0; Capel 32-131. 

Second Innings 

GO Mends not our-56 

G Fowler cWatBrtonb Capel-14 

M R Chadwick c N G B Cook b Capel.. S 


Extras (lb 2 nb 10)--12 

Total (2wkts)-98 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-44.2-56- 
Bonus pointr. Northants 2 Lancashire 1. 

Warwicks v Derbys 

DERBYSHIRE: First tarings 

*K J BametJ to McMHlen-77 

BJM Maher towbSmall-31 

A Hill c Lloyd b Gifford-30 

J E Morris b Gifford-13 

B Roberts cAsif Din to Gifford- 3 

G Miller tow bSmai-9 

tC Marptes c Humpage b Gifford — 45 

R Sharma b Pierson-71 

M Jean-Jacques tow b smafl-34 

A E Warner not out_28 

D E Malcolm b Smith-1 

Extras (b 1, to 16. nb 15)- 32 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-99.2-134.3142 4- . 

152.3168.3188.7- 239,8-315,3373,10- 

BOWUNG: SmaB 24-7-67-3: McMilan 13 

4-51-1: Parsons 17-5-44-0; Gifford 4324- 

72-4; Thome 32-35-0: Pierson 16-3631; 
Smith 8 1-0-22-1; ASH Din 1-0-1-0, 
WARWICKSHIRE: First tarings 
T A Lloyd c Samoa b Jean-Jacques . 46 

PA Some Warner bShanm -39 


D A Thome c and b Sharma_58 

tG W Humpage b Sharma_2 

BM McMiSan not out-6 

Asif Dm not out-—-0 

Extras < b 8. to 7, w 2 nb 6)- -23 

Total (Swkts)-240 

G J Parsons. G C SmaB. A R K Reraon. *N 
Glttord to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-64.3117.3193.4- 
202 5-237. 

Bonus points:: Warwicks 4. Darbys 4. 
Umpires: C Cook and A G T WWtehead. 

Glamorgan v Worcs 


GLAMORGAN: First tarings 

H Morris cd'OGvrirabPrfdgeon __: 

DBPauknec Rhodes bRadtord-13 

G Cfioknas c Hiclrb Newport.- 1 

Younts Ahmed c d'OOvaira b Mmgworth 

MP Maynard c Smith bPatal-- 

■R C Orrtong tow b Radford -_38 

J Demck runout 

J G Thomas b Radford . 
JF Steele not out- 

|T Danes not out 


Total (Bwfcts dec)--— 

E A Moseley (Mnot-baL i ... 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12 31ft 3-86.4- 
102 3173.3184.7-195,322ft 
BOWLING: Radford 235-57-3; Pridgaan 
135-231; Newport235-54-1; Patel236- 

Second tarings 

H Morris tow b Radford-- 

O B Pauine not out---:-23 

Youms Ahmed fa Radford. 

MP Mayngrd tow b Rridgoon 7 . 


Onnng i* 
Extras fib 


not out 


Total (3wfcta), 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-8.312 313. 

TS Curtis not out 

D B d'OSvecra tow b Thomas. 


Extras tb 1, toft w 1. nb 1)- -JS 

Total (IwM. 55-50V8TS)-300 

D M Smith. *P A Neale. D N Patri. ft j 
Rhodes. P J Newport. N V Radford, a P 
Pridgeon. R K Illingworth did not bat 
BOWUNG: Thomas 131-731; Moseley 
14- 2-50-0; Derrick 83-0-49-0: Steele 13 
2-65-0: Ontong 8-2-530. 

Boros pomts: Glamorgan 2 Worcester¬ 
shire 7. 

Itaqrires: J A Jameson and P B wight 

Hick: 219 not ont 


(Great Britain and Ire¬ 
land unless stated) 




















E WEBBER (Zirn) 




T GALE (Aus) 


R DAVIS (Aus) 




























0 SELBERG (Sws) 

0 MOORE 1AU8) 









Withdraw: A Broadway 
* Denotes amateur. 





JAKARTA: MtMHO Open: First FOWt 

: N YeteslEnqj WI 
e Kho 

134. Women: 

r IDenj. 15-5. 
Ue> Hwa flnooi tx G 
Gowers (Eng). Hi. 12-9- H-& T Rahayu 
Undo) or F euot (Engl 11-8. 11-3. H Tioke 
(Engi ot Swa Cahayax® 11-4.11-i- 


LUCHOtfc Women's Tour de France; Sixth 
stage (57km). 1. M Cairns (It) liv 50mn 
56tcn; 2, | Thompson (US) at Imln 5Ts«r 3. J 
Longo (Fr A). 5:09 4. S Scnumactier (WGL 
5 44.5. L HepplB (AuSI. 6:32 Brrtjh ptaetngs: 
12. C Greenwood. 7 09; 27. 5 Thompson, 
11.17: JQ. D Burton. 1258: 62 M Johnson. 
I7-41- SB. L Kersruw. 2032: 73. C Wes. 
21 43. Overafc 1. Carers. 12:10.8:2 Thomp¬ 
son, el 3:23.3 Longo. *. V Svnonnei IFi 

Ah 852: 5. V La (argue l*=r 6). 9 07. British 
Overall: 11. C Greenwood. 1202 30. S 
Thompson. 1829:33 DBixion. 19 IB. 55 L 
kennaw. 31 39.63. M Johnson. 3804.76. C 
Mies 5958. 


lost to Jonnson. one hole; Ouhn lost to 
Thomas. Send 2: Sttamg or Rawwigs. Sana 2: 
L Cummins helved witn Ishetwood: MacDon- 
BkHjiChugq one hole Gardner wPnchaid. 6 
flfiff 4. Cambs ana Hum 3. Cheshire 6. 
Foursomes (Camps names firart J Walter and 
E Lataem bt J Hil and A Brings 3 and 1: S 
Meadows and R Farrow or J Moriey and S 
Rotwnon. one hole: V Tupman and P Brown 
lost ro L Perewal and E Wifcon. one how. 
Singles: Writer last to H* 3 end 2. Meadows 
tosi ro Perewal. 5 and e. E Latham bt Money. 3 
and 2: Brown lost » Robinson. 4 ana 2: J 

Srocxnam last ro snags 5 and 4; Famw tel T 
H Latham. 2 arc 1. Foursome* CbOShee 2 


CARDIFF: coenmenweem Games Federa* 
hon d ta UtoM tisMpt Men's lea went Oeerafc 

i.Engrsio.7wins. legts.2.NIreland Swots. 
12po. 3. Canada. 5 Mns.1 Opts; 4 .Scotland. 4 
wins. Stas. S AuStraka. 3 win;, Spts. 1 6. 
Hongkong. 2 wins. 4prs: 7. Wales. 1 win. 2pK 
8 Malaysia... ' " ' " 

Hanpshee t (C«s«re names hrsi): j H« and 
A tangs lost ro C Haris* and C Sedan. 4 and 
Z J ttoriay and B Roonson or C Oim and S 
Ganuiri. 4 and 3: L Peroval and E Wilaon bt H 
wneaer and A Macdonald, two holes. 
Giamorran 3. CembMid HirtsO IGiamorgan 
names feslt P jonnson and P Chugo tot J 
waiter and E Latham. 5 and 4. V Thomas and 
M Ravrinigs ot S Meadows and R Farrow, 3 
and 2 Llsnenwod and L Jones bfV Tupman 
and p Brawn. 3 and 2. 

Sera-fiesls! P OTJorme# bt M Maione. e and 
3 D BaHsrime M B Paaon. a i9m. Rnafc 
Btfenm bi O'Donne#. 5 end 3. 

NEWPORT, Rhode Istaxfc Women’s tenw 

Hunanent Third round: Smote P Sutvar 

(US)tn T MocnauM(US»3l.3l;CMantako 

(Brzl tot K Kemey IUSJ 33.32: L McNeil (U» 

Ot C Copeland (US) 6-7.6-2 6* W Whee (US) 
taJMunoei 130)6-2 6-2. 

dark Cup (tows uvJert9J: 3rd round: Hepton 

» Worksop. 241. Brighton H Ftasted. 2-0; 

Famboraugh bt Bryansron A. 2-0: EHham far 

Brentwood. 2-ft MCS bt Elan, 2-1: CtenceL 

lore bt Hampton, 2-1; Norwich u St George's 

Weybndge. 31 ; AbrradOn W German SOMOL 

2-0. Fo u rt h roood: Reptan bt BnspNtak 2-0: 

Btham ot Famboraugh. M.CortU Cxi (bon 

ixxJer 13)- Third taint Hampton bt BUR. 2- 
ft Aytretuy HS M Beverley. 2ft Brentwod 
bi Si Gearae s. Z-O. Thomden tor Code's. M. 
Wtooum Cup tores under 13- Eaton bt Dr 

Chrilaner sTz-ftSf Georae'e 

Swonoeks. 2-ft: Sr . 

Higtiaown be Ghra 2-ft. Conyera A bi 

Charterhouse. 2«0: Thomden bt Cheoenham. 

2-0. Si Atoans bt AUngtron. 24. TfcW roonri 

Notre Dame n Brenmood. 2-1. Fom* row* 
Eaton bt St Gewge's_ VVe ^ ndoe. .2-1: 


isghdown bt CaayanTL WLlhomSeo « Bt 

Atoans, 2-t PHfde to People flowt 

8. Malaysia. 0 wms. Women's lodhriduafc 

Fatal pterins: 1. L Marin (Engl: 2 L Thixtoy 
(England) ftM r " ----- — 


. .. _ Phton (Can). 4. L Sharien 

lEngl. Swn-taMlK Marin « Stracnan. 8-J: 
Thttaey bi Prtkon. B-4 Rnafc Mann bt 
Huxley 8-4; Tired piece: ftaon ot Stracnan. 

MOSCOW: Judec Over 95 kitoK 1. G Venenev 
(USSR). 2. S Cohen lUS): 3. A Besttc I Pol), and 
Hvan Che G* (N Korea i hou-i 

Hvan Che G* (N Korea i HaU-heavywewtn 
irnoer 95kg): 1. V PodtUmyi (U&RJ. 2 
Baiaarinuam Oiriosn (Mongolia). 3.1 Scans 
(Ca) and G Jaladon (Fr) 


RaiatEBV. Sw eden: Ftabae European 
CltampiriraidDs: Seventh race Final Result 
1 A Rowtanfl (GB). 42 7pis. 2 K Driver (GB). 
55.3. A Karnaugh iGBL 61.4. 

COWES: Bnkeh Open ta-metre eh ampion- 
■Mps: Raee ihree: t Fiaau (0 Haasiy. Smoj. 
air sBrran BD&ec: 2 Gitans 1 (c oe RaUsdrid. 
Frt 249.1ft 3. Perdu (W Whnehause-Vaux. 
0BI2.SO26 L**&yiplare»gB:l.Reau.toW: 
2. Guana 1. Sprs. 3. Peraua. iS.apts. 


COLCHESTER: Westwood Inter ua l tanj l test 
Mti«K MacRoboison SMett Thrt day: 

Grear Brian 4. Austraka 5 (GB names HrstL 
DOpenshawlosiloMSooijneri-B. + 4 . + 1 B|; 
w Pneftard lost 10 G Latham i-te. + 14 . *2Br. 
M Aveiy usi to D tadEncope (+3. 4-1). Finer 
posit r on s. New Zealand, five wms: Great 
Bream. 9 Austraka 1. 

15). Hi 

CtHricn fktai School ot Towers. 2-0: &t 
Martha’s bt Braxtxume. 2-ft; St Paris bt 
Sherborne. 2-ft. Sultan bl Busrieg. 2-0; 
Wut kf ict o n HS bt BeacorstlM. 2-0; 
Farlngton bl Godriphr. 2-1; Usdne Be 
Downe House A. 2-0. Foam OOMt 
He wrdastier s bt Church K3.2-0; wtsangron 
bl Sutton. 2-0 MkfiaRdBenkCrerigkto under 
191. Tired reun± Memt Convent bt St 
2-ft. UMden Eriergh n CRy of 
London. 2-0; Guklfora u Si Ctotene. 2ft 
Dunoitar bt Haberdasher s. 3ft W l lh mgion bt 
Conyers. 2ft BeeconsheH bl Eheore. 2-1. 
Fornto roteid Qakffard bt Godoiphei end 
letyraer. 2-ft 

Vernon-Orown c Cup: South H a ny st nd bt 
Vttmmgton. Z-0: Sutton btChetannani, 2-1: & 
Swittxns to Church HS, 2-0; Dame Aftce 
Harpurw Si Michael a. 2-ft 


BRmSH LEAGUE CUft Credtey Heath 41. 
Coventry 37 

NATTONAL LEAGUE: Long Eaton 39. Berwick 
39. Wimbledon 40. MsMeetnugh 37. 


space for 

Gillingham, of the third di¬ 
vision. have averted the threat 
of a winding-up order for un¬ 
paid tax. The club's financial 
director. Ron Wei ham. said 
yesterday: “We have seen the 
tax people about an unpaid bill 
of £160.000 and made them an 
offer, which was accepted.” 

Terry Yorath, the assistant- 
manager of Bradford City since 
1982, resigned yesterday amid 
speculation that he is about to 
be named as manager of Swan¬ 
sea. Meanwhile, Middlesbrough 
were left high and dry when 
their local water authority cut 
off their supply for non-pay¬ 
ment of a £1,900 bill. The dub. 
struggling for survival with 
debts of £1.8 million, soon 
found the money, however, and 
the water was turn rid back on 
within the hour- 

West Ham begin a six-match 
pre-season programme on Au¬ 
gust 2 at St Mirren — a match 
agreed when they paid the, 
Scottish dub £340.000 for Frank' 
McAvennie last year. A visit to 
Brentford three days later is 
followed by three games in The 

fourth win 

is# 9 -* 

t , k ; .: 

By John Watson - 

The Cowdray Park squad 
fought their most important 
battle of the season at 
Ambersham. Sussex, yesterday 
when-the last league thatches of 
the Davidof-sponsored British 
Open were decided. 


'KysU . 

i: ‘ 



ft _ 


Their 5-3 win against 
Kennelot Stables not only 
brought them level at four 
vjetorieewith Les Diables Blais 
in League One but tite number 
of goals they bave r scored 
throughout the tournament (47 
in comparison with Les biables' 

40} rendered them superior and 
has piteijed them into the Gold 
^Cujp^jal. . ft-- 

Yesterday’s game -started in- 
auspiciousty. Within seconds of 
the start, of the first chn^ka. 

Kennetois' patron. Henryk de 
Kwiaticowski, received a very 
strong ball on the aim from 
Withers’s stick and having with¬ 
drawn was replaced by another 
one-handicap 'player — and a 
belter one . — . Christopher 
BetfaelL Dashingly pivoted on 
Howard Hipwood. the team put 
up a magnificent fighL The new 
Cowdray iine-up. however, has 
been proving invincible. Both 
their No 3 (Glue) and their No 1 
(Waddingxon) are conspicu¬ 
ously underradndicapped. Sam¬ 
uel Moreno (who flew in from 
Chile for them to replace the 
injured Novaes) dovetails in 
their team as a brilliant forward, 
and the veteran with Withers is J * M - ’: . 

still a very formidable back. : ':■■ 

Everyone awaits the big chal¬ 
lenge between Cowdray Park 
and the leaders of League Two. 

Tramontana, next Sunday with 
great anticipation. . _ f 

In the second Sussex match 
Rio Pardo defeated Southfield 
10-9 in extra time, while at 
Windsor. Los Locos beat Royal 
Berkshire 10-5. -;.cf 

L » 

i » \ 





. 1 ! 







■■i-JB « 


'* TC P 



’ ‘5 


COWEWAY PAMt I.GWaddinntdn 

IfflWflajDfr STABLES; 1.C_ 

WS^Bra-(4).3. HrHlpwcxxj(9); 

R» PARDO; 1 R .Bsl m 
Churchward 16 ) 3 R Graham (£ 
Mansi* (4) SOUTWiBJfc 1 J Yl 
- - 3 O R1nohart(8) 

2 a Kern 


A late surge 



j 'V?' 

surprise win 


Tire Royal Grammar School, 
Guildford won the Ashbvfgon 
Shield .Schools Rifle Champion- 
shir — . r 


ip-at Bisley yesterday after 
(ring up from ninth place 63lf- 

vray. to beat the early feaflers. 
Cheltenham College, by rone 
point (our Rifle - Shooting 
correspondent writes). =- 
RGS Guildford has. |>een 
prominent in smallbore- spool¬ 
ing «> r some years but didf not 
enter the Ash burgoo until; the 
1950s. making them “new toys" 
compared with some of 0 the 
schools which hhve shot 
continuously for more than a 

■'V** tm 

■* ** 


a sJ° w start m a 
diflicuu fish rail wind which kept 
s S or Hi°. w f Qr even the best of 

the 800 boys and girls, but putd^T^ ' 
on extra effort ai -500-yards. ' " 

RESULTS : Ashbagon StM& l.TteytD 
Grammar School, GriMforft.siass;^ % 

507- Cadet Pain Shtatt 1. 
1S2; 2 Bmofleur igaj 3, 


C Jury (Si John 8L 50- nra7fertk 

Uppuigham. 341. 

**}£$!* Turds): 1. Martooronh. 258; 
2 ifthboton. 255. Londoo SctMsbGvfF 
I- Kriwgtoe. 495 : 2 OlasgwLlW. 

Scqj. , I 




«■? :.■**» ft 

6*00 Ceefax AH. 

R50 Breakfast Time with Frank 

M? s 5Sf 

*2 ' Wgwmora.vfeatherat 

JS ^Sl3 S ’ 8 - 25and 

^ B55; regional news, 

K . w^wand traffic at GST, 
7.27,7.57 and & 2 F; 

■•A, national and international 

h® 1 ^. r ,• news at 7.00,7 JO. ajXL 

K ■-> 

tS J: -. WOand 8J0; Lynn FauWs 

5jt : •'■■•' Wood sconsumaf report 
* “sft? atS.15; and a review of the 

5$ ss^^r 58 ' 

Vi- ‘ CftrtstiaflrswBekandfDod 

n »tj7' - 4 ".’ shopping bargains; AJan 

*hL?!* ■■* Titchfnarah with gardening 

Itjfc l- ; advice; and the latest pop 

■ ■•■ music news from Steve 

a, • BtaefcneSt. 

| *=20 ^fw 10.15 Play School. 

' a®-40 tatemational One-Day 

aij 5 **! *• r Cricket Peter West 

- ?*>•« &■ . r. ■ introduces coverage of the 

■ ;• *it-,riaiL s:l eecond 55-overs-a-side 
r v- c » '.■ match between England 

. - u5i ,J au . 80(1 N** Zealand, from 

; ‘-r A 0 ’-• OkJ Trafford. 

:.ts, .-UStlews After Noon with 

" “sft uj*; ■;. Moira Stuart, indudes' 

r r -. i’^K . news headlines with 

' ■ ■ VSttisJ?* l'- subtitles 1.15 Regional 
- v~ : v -*• news and weather. 1.20 

:: r Hokey Cokey, (r) 

■' *%' *'-1i35 International One-Day 

•*".■ V^ 1 n^. Cricket Further coverage 

- of the game at Old 

• - : " *®fc e . Trafford between England 

-i- ' ‘.rjift > - and New Zealand. 4.12 

’■stjL - f " Regional news. 

:5w - 4-15 Dogtanian and the Three 
-- ■ v s * 4 ‘ -id-Muskehounds. Cartoon. 

(r) 4.40 Record Breakers 
-. -11^' . presented by Roy Castle 

• with Fiona Kennedy and 

i ! ■ Julian Farino. (r) 

. ‘ > . 5JX) tiewaround Special 

• - v Delivery. John Craven, 

J . .-u from Ayr, previews the 

? Jf 3 »• ;.summer series In which 

-v. 4l . _Tn ^ Newsround loins forces 

• withtheRaorol 


lore a Gentle Ben. Adventures of 

1 a young man with a pet 

^ a bear. 5J5 The 

n *' Flmtstones. Cartoon 

LQ - - -series about a modem 
Stone Age family. 

1 64)0 News wnh Sue Cawley and 

flftt Nicholas WncheU. 

Ul([ Weather. 

, i 6J5 London Plus. 

'It'. 7JM Wogan. Among tonight's 
\ guests are Kate O'Mara, 

N v bafienna Alessandra Fetrf, 

i and the self-styled Prince 

lu Roy and Princess Joan of 

Wr v; Sealand, off the East 

n„ Anglian coast Plus, a 

^ song from Spandau Ballet 

. 7.40 No Place Like Home. 

■v'^; ^ ArthiH’Is upset by the late 

'' comings and goings of his 

* offspring and, attne 

' T ■ ■ suggestion of his 

neighbour, imposes a 
■: , curfew. But as is normal 
with Arthur, thin^ do not 
go according to plan and it 
. „ ■ > • • looks as if he will tail victim 
m ^r . of his own draconian rule. 

; 8.10 liScoSi- Has Jeff 
•--- survived hisdifftopfa8? 

Will Sable be able to save 
' her marriage? Does Zach 
•.. i succeed with Sable? And 
r ’ why does FaHon want to 
rz\ ‘ be married iri the Cotoy 

- - - mansion? {Ceelax)•. 

M 94)0 News with John-Hutnphrys 
S: _ ' • -and Andrew Harvey. : 

i'"-7 Weather. ' 

:-b - B30 BlgDeaLRobbyBt»t,Iin 
■■.'•r*. ~. m ". ' this last episode of the 
- . . repeat series, agrees to 

r- V-- ' act as a front man for a 
~ ' young Arab owner of a 
'".I ~y ,racehorse and 
; immectiatelyfeels 

‘V. - v threatened by the young 
"'i man's two bodyguards. 

- :i( On the domestic front 

•. •' r trouble looms in the shape 

of Jonathan Tumbali who 
■ has arrived from Australia, 

■ fpmanbcaJly chasing Jan. 

r.“ - ' (Ceetax) 

.’ n - KX20 FHm: The Last Run (1971) 

• rv < i - starring George C Scott as 

- ? • »retired get-aw»f driver 

■«: rs.. wtio Is persuaded to do 

one more Job for old times 
.. i ; ■ sake and to prove to 
. j- himself that he is as good 

- as he always was. Now 

'' - J living in Portugal, he 

• agrees to drive a vicious 
• — ' > young killer to France. 

r v DreCTBd by Richard 

•- Fleischer. . ^ 

. 11.55 Golf: The Open. Steve 

...; : ’ Rider introduces 

' T:; highlights of the second 

• ' ■ roundof the 

... Championship. 

12J5 Weather. _ 






Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter DavaUe 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 
presented by Arme 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Geoff Meade at 
BJQ. 7.00,7JO, 84M, 130 
aito 9.M; financial news at 
6J5; sport at 6.40,7.40 
end JL&k exercises at 6.55 
and 9J2: cartoon at 7.25; 
pop music at 745; 
toteyteion lngWightsat 
&35; Joyce Drbder has 

advice for a mother of a 

ffrug addict at 940; and 
the results of the Floyal 
Look-a-Like connection at 


8*25 Thames news headlines 
followed by Wild, wild 
World of Animals. The 
wildlife desert that is 
Hawaii, (r) 9J0 Mika. Pan 
two of the story about a 
young Lapp delivering a 
reindeer to the Paris Zoo 
10.20 The Art of the 
Potter. Throwing a pot 
techniques 10.35 uMe 
House on the Prairie, (r) 

11.25 Courageous CaL 
. Cartoon. 

11-30 AboutBrftafo-Thafinalof 
the Grampian Sheepdog 

124)0 Teetime and Claudia. For 
the very young, (r) 12.10 
Rainbow. Learning with 

12J0 Jobwalch. A repeal of 
Sunday's programme 
which examined what a 
cortege of further 
education in an area of 
high unemployment 
should teach fts pupils. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1-20 Thames news. 

1.30 Film: Not Wanted on 
Voyage* (1957) starring 
Ronald Shiner. Brian Rix 
and Katie (or Catherine as 
she was billed) Boyle. Two 
incompetent ship's 
stewards discover a plot 
to steal a valuable 
diamond. Directed by 
Maclean Rogers. 

3.00 Take the High Road. 3J5 
Thames news headlines 
3.30 Sons and Daughters. 

44)0 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
12.T0.4.15 The Moomfos. 
Cartoon series, (r) 4.25 
ScoobyOoo. Cartoon 4.45 
From tne Top. Comedy 
series starring Bill Oddie 
as a bank manager who 
gives up his job m order to 
tread the boards, (r) 

5.15 The Pariour Game. - 
Celebrities challenge each 
other In games granny 
used to play. . 

5.45 News with Alastair 
Stewart 6.00 Thames 
news 6.15 Police 5. Shaw 
Taytor with dues to 
unsolved crime in the 
London area. 

6.30 City Safari. The first of a ' 
new series on how wildlife 
survives in London. 

74)0 Me and My Girl. Simon is 
looking forward to a 
holiday on the Isle of 
Wight, his girlfriend 
prefers Barbados, (r) 

7.30 A Summer Wedding- 
Carol Barnes with . . 

■ everything you wish to • 

' know about the mintage 
. between Prince Andrew 
and Sarah Ferguson. 

94)0 International Athletics. 
The Pearl Insurance 
International from The 
Alexander Stadium, 

94)0 The Practice. Drama 
series set in a modem 
Midlands Health Centre. 

104)0 News at Ten with Martyn 
' Lewis and Pamela 

1030 Spitting (mage. The first in 
anew series of 
compilations. Followed by 
LWT news headlines. 

11.00 Film: The Battle of 
Neretva ( 1969 ) starring 
Yul Brynner, Hardy Kruger 
and Franco Nero. Second 
World War drama, set in 
Yugoslavia, recreating the 
daring escape of the 
Yugoslavian army, led by 
Tito, across the River 
Neretva away from the 
German Army. Directed by 
Veijko Bulajic. 

1.15 The Stones in the Park. 
The July 1969 concert 
given by the Rolling 
Stones in Hyde Park- 

2.15 Night Thoughts. 

# For the musically 
famished, the two-month 
feasting season begins again 
tonight (SBC2 and Radios, 7JO). 
The Proms are back until 
September 13. Statistically, there 
could hardy be a more 
spectacular First Nigtm nearly 
700 performers in the Mahler 
No 8. Three hundred short of the 
1,000 who played and sang at 
the premiere in 1910, but a vast 
assembly of musicians none 
the less. And if your television 
set cannot do justice to the 
combined sound they make, try 
doing something exciting. 

Turn off the TV sound and tune in 
to Radio 3. If your radio can 
give you stereo, the magic win be 

• Best of the rest on TV 

tonight What Do these Old 

What do These Old Films Mean ? Films Mean ? (Channel 4, 

(Channel 4. at 9 JO pm) 9.30pm), a slx-pa rter that uses 


silent film to reflect aspects of 
the societies for whose 
entertainment or instruction 
these flickering images were 
intended. The senes begins 
whh early British movies. You 
won't find a subtle moment m 
the lot of them. Colonial Britons, 
in their hard Bioscope seats, 
saw bloodthirsty natives piloting 
fighting machines .and 
cnernes being used as weapons 
in the war against Demon 

• Radio choice; As wen as 
the Prom, there is adrama 
ottering mat achieves tne 

near-impossible, Robin 
Glendinning's Culture 
Vufturaa (Radio 3.9.0Spm) is an 
out-and-out comedy about 
the Insn problem. Tne grim 

political issues take second 
place to some rollicking fun- 
pokmg at the expense of 
theatrical dilettantes. 

• Looking ahead to 
tomorrow mghfr the Russian film 
of the Bolshoi Ballet 's Swan 
Lake (BBC2.8.00pm) is 
breathtaking in everything 
that concerns its music. its. 
dance and its design, but l am 
sorry to teH you that it has been 
hartisocaity photographed. 

Lags and arms ana even heads 
are lopped off as it they were 
surplus to reauirements. 
Sometimes,-whole bodies are 
tost. When the cameras ought to 
be taking In the scenes from 
tne dress cfrcte, or even trying to 
get a new perspective from 
tne wings, tney are too often in 
the stalls, trying for cinema- 
styte doss-ups. 

Peter Davalie 

6.55 Open University; East 
Anglian Coast 7420 
Weekend Outlook. Ends at 

9.00 Ceetax. 

10.50 Golf: The (teen. Steve 
Rider introduces coverage 
of the second round of the 
Championship from 
Turnberry. The 
commentators are Peter 
Ailiss, Clive Clark. Bruce 
Cntchley, Alex Hay, Tony 
Jacklin and Mark 

4.10 Cricket and Golf. Peter 
West introduces the final 
session of the 55-overs-a- 
side match between 
England and New 
Zealand. The 
commentators at Old 
Trafford are Richie 
Benaud and Tony Lewis, 
with summaries by Bob 
Willis and Tom Graveney. 
Plus, more action from me 
Ailsa Course. Turnberry. 

74)0 The First Night of the 
Proms. See Radio 3 
listings and Choice. 

9.00 My Music. Steve Race 
puts the musical questions 
to Denis Norden. 
partnered by Ian Wallace, 
and to Frank Muir who is 
supported by Jonn Amts. 

9.30 The Healing Arts: 
AJametu's illness. The 
story of an Indian peasant 
woman's search for a cure 
tor her crippling arthritis. 
Her searches lead to a 
hospital of traditional 
medicine in Madras where 
she was given treatments 
that have been used for 
2.000 years. 

10.20 International One-Day 
Cricket Highlights of 
today's 55-overs-a-side 
game between England 
and New Zealand at Old 

.114)0 NewsnigM includes 
interviews with Spanish 
Civil War veterans. 50 
years after the start of the 

11.45 Weather. 

11.50 The Lords This Week. 
Christopher Jones 
presents highlights of the 
week's proceedings in the 
Upper House. 

12.30 Whistle Test A repeat of 
Tuesday's edition which 
- featured Spandau Ballet 
• preparing for their re¬ 
launch after a year of ■ 
litigation; an item on Hank 
Williams: performances by 
Dwight Yoakam and Hank 
Williams Jr.; and Robyn 
and the Egyptians in 
concert at the Town and 
Country Club. Ends at 

NB: programme times after The 
First Night of the Proms are 

Elizabeth Connell: in t 
Prom (BBC2 and Radio 3.7-JO) 

2.15 Their Lordships'House, (r) 

230 Chance History, Art 

Beginning with video 
interviews of five artists, 
this film explores the 
legacy of Surrealism. With 
John Me Keen and Anne 
Bean. Stuart Brisley. Rita 
Donagh. Jamie Reid, and 
Jimmy Boyle. 

3.25 Asian Arts. This third 
programme of the series 
focuses on the worlds of 
contemporary music, pop 
promos, photographic 
sessions and fashion. 

4.15 Film: Three Dumb Clucks* 
(1943) starring The Three 
Stooges as sons trying to 
stop their father marrying 
a gold digger. Directed by 
Del Lord. 

4.30 Dancki'Days. Julia 
discovers that Marisa is 
about to be marred. 

5.00 Car 54, Where Are You?* 
Vintage American comedy 
series starring Joe E. 

Ross and Fred Gwyrme as 
two hopeless New York 

5.30 The Chart Show. A 
comprehensive guide to 
the most popular records 
in this country and 

6.00 Solid Soul presented by 
Juliet Roberts and Chris 
Forbes. The guests are 
RandyCrawlord. Five- 
Star. The Real Roxanne. 
and Masquerade. 

630 1986 Tour de France. 
Stage 15 - Carcassonne to 

7.00 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen. The news 
extra' report considers the 
implications of the 'Big 
Bang’ deregulation on the 
City of London. Weather 

7.50 Book Choice. Joseph 
Conrad's reissued Victory 
is discussed by Sara 

84K) What the Papers Say. 

Julia Langdon of The 
Mirror reviews how the 
Press has treated the 
week's news. 

8.15 Looks Familiar. Larry 
Gelbart. Julie Wilson and 
Lionel Blair join Denis 
Norden in remembering 
the celebrities and shows 
ot the Thirties and Forties. 

9.00 International Athletics. 
The Pearl Assurance 
Internationa] from the 
Alexander Stadium, 

9 JO What Do These Old Films 
Mean? The first of a new 
senes of six programmes 
examinlnq the early films 
made inine United States, 
Denmark, France. Russia. 
Germany, and, tonight 
Great Britain, (see 

10.00 Cheers. Janet persuades 
Sam to tire Diane but 
Diane thwarts him by 
resigning before she can 
be sacked. (Oracle) 

1 10.30 Budgie. The feckless petty 
crook meets an old flame 
and discovers a way of 
making quick money. 


11-30 FHm: Sleeping Dogs 

(1977) starring Sam Neill. 
A political thriller, set in 
New Zealand sometime in 
the future, about a man 
who tries to get away from 
civil unrest by renting a 
small island. But he Is 
forced to become 
committed. Directed by 
R ege r Donaldson. Ends at 

( Radio 4 ) 

On tong wave. VHF variations at 


5455 Shipping. fij» News Briefing; , 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

L25 Prayer (s). 

630 Today, md 6.30. 730, 

8430 News. 6.45 
Business News. 6.55,7.55 
Weather. 7.00, B.00 
News. 7^5,62S Sport. 7.45 
Thought for the Day. 635 
Parliament. 830 Letters. 

637 Weather; TraveL 
9.00 News. 

935 Desert Island Discs. Sir 
David Wilson rs the 
castaway (r) (s) 

945 In Keeping with Tradition. 
Today, a visit to 
Twycross Zoo. 


104)0 News; International 
Assignment. BBC 
corespondents report from 
around the world. 

1030 Morning Story: A House 
in Sicily, by Neil 
McCaiium. Reader John 

10.45 Oariy Service (s). 

1130 News; Travel; The Lost 
Colony. The events 
leading up to the Raleigh 
expedition of 1585 (rfls) 

11.48 Youthful. Rural and 

Broke. Dan Cherrington 
recalls his younger days as 
the son of a Hampshire 

12.00 News: Can We Help? 

Experts answer 
questions on employment 
1237 Don t Stop Now - ft's 
Fundation. Comedy 
cabaret (rXs). 1235 

1.00 The world at One: News. 

1.40 The Arcners. 135 

24)0 News: Woman's Hour. 

Fashion scene and rag 
trade in Nottingham. 

34)0 News; Poet's Pub. Enc 
Lmkiater's novel. Last 
episode, (rys) 

4.00 News. 

435 J Kingston 

Ptatt... remembers a 
lifetime in show business. 

With Peter Jones. 

430 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's edition repeated. 

54)0 Pm: News magazine. 

530 Snipping. 535 

6.00 News: Financial Report. 

630 waterimes (new senes). 


PPUJ Today e^s- 7 jx> Game, 
Set ana Matcn. lZ35«ro-1Z4fl 
News. SCOTLAND: 930wn-10.15 CTV 1. 
635pm-7.00 Reporting Scotland 
1030-1050 Beecngrovo Gardeners' 
Roadshow IromCraiL 1050-1140 
The CoHecrors 1140-1135 Deborah 
Kerr Not Just an Engtsn Rose. 
Today's Sport. 5406.00 Inside Ul¬ 
ster. 635-7.00 h Only Seems Uke Yester¬ 
day. 123S-13L40sot News. 

ENGLAND: 635pw-74» Regional news 

i Can 1.00Dencm'Days 130Sea 
j 2-E5S War 260 Sion Son 2.15 interval 
245 Film: Hollywood or Bust (1958) 

540 Julia 530 Cnart Snow Oftl SoW 
Soul 5301988 Tour de France 74» 

. Newyomon Sami 730Sianeung 840 Y 
Bya Ar Bedwar. News S4» Palu 
'Mean 0.15 Kate and Aihe 545 wnet rt 

Events and Storting 
activities in. on or under the 

7.00 News. 

74)5 The Archers. 

730 Pick Of the Week. 

Margaret Howard with 
programme highlights (s) 

630 Law in Action, with 

Joshua Rozen berg. 

8.45 Any Questions? With 
Lynda ChaHcer MP. Alan 
Watson. Peter Snape MP. 
ana Esther Rantzen. 

From Brox bourne. 

930 Letter from America by 
Alistair Cooke. 

9.45 Kaleiooscope. includes 
comment on the Festival 
Ballet, and Robert Lacey's 

book Font 

10.15 A Bood at Bedtime: The 
ThirC Policeman. 

Reader Patrick Magee. 

1039 Weather. 

1030 The Wortd Tonight 
11.00 Today in Parliament. 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Week Ending (s).Satmcai 

12.00 News: Weather. 133 . 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except S3S-6.00WD Woaihec 
Travel. 1.S5-2.00pm 
Listening Comer: Captain 
Betty and the Pirates (S). 
530-535 PM (continued). 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. VHF variations 
between 635am and 635am. and 
from t0.40am to 7.00pm 
635 Weatner. 7.00 News 
7.05 Concert. Hetiendaai (E 
fiat Concerto. Op 3 No 4). 
Chopin (Piano Concerto No 
2- Ashkenazv/LSO). 
Moruuszko (Four songs: 

8.00 News 

8.05 Verdi (Aida overture). 

Sibelius (Symphony No 
3). Finn (Eclogue, Op 10: 
Katin/New Ptiilharmorua). 
9.00 News 

94)5 This Week's Composer 
Telemann. Includes 
recordings ot Concerto in B 
fiat maior.tor two 
recorders, two oboes, 
strings and cononuo: and 
Overture in C major 
Hamburger Ebb' und Flut 
104)0 Brahms: AJbemi String 
Quartet .with Best 

fvrtajand Weisfi(ceflo). 

Sextet m B flat Op 18 
10.40 Cncket One-day match. 
England v New Zealand. 
Coverage continues on 
medium wave until 7.00. 

Other Radio 3 programmes 
transfer to VHF until 

7.00 a Paradise out of a 

Common Field: Mctonan 
ganteners-Wfith Dr Joan 
Morgan (r) 

730 First Night of the Proms: 
Mahler Symphony No 8 
(also on BBC2). BBC SO 
(under MaazelJ.Wrth 
London Symphony Chorus. 
Tiffin School Boys' Choir. 
London PMharmonic 
Cmw.BBC Symphony 
Chorus, end sotoists Meier. 
Connell, Hargan. 

Komlosi, Fmme. Goldberg. 
Weiki, and Rydt 

940 Culture Vultures: play by 
Rotxn GlertdinnJriq.with 
Des McAJeer andMarcella 
1030 Langnam Chamber 
Orchestra (under 
Hurwrtz.vMlinJwith Sarah 
Francis (oboe). Olga 
Begedus (cello). Cam ' 
Harper (harpsichord). 
Albinoni (B flat Concerto, Op 
9 No 11V, Awson 
(Concerto No 13, in D major), 
Bach (Concerto in 0 
rrunor.for oboe and violin. 

114)0 Scriabin piano sonatas: 

Bons Berman plays the 
No 1 in F minor. Op 6, and 
the No 4 in F sharp. 

1135 Schumann: Quartetto 
haliano play the Quartet 
in F, Op 41 No 2 
1137 News. 12.00 Closedown. 

VHF variations es lotiowa: - 
635am Open 

University. Maths 
Foundation tuiorial.Untit 

10.40am Northern 

Sinfonia.With Yan 
Pascal Tortelier (violm). 
Rameau (Les tales 
d'Herbe suite), Chabrier 
(idyll: Sous boas). 

Dvorak (Romance in F 
minor). Roussel 
(Concerto for small 

1135 Voice and organ: Michael 
Pearce (baritone), and 
John Scott. Campra 
(ExaltaboTe. Deus 
meus, Rex). Drayton (God’s 
Little Epigrams) 

12.15 Halle Orchestra (under 
Foster). Part one.With 
Mark Kaplan 
* (Symphony No 6). 1.00 News 
14)5 Concert (contd): Neikrug 
(Viohn Concerto). 

Strauss (Till Euienspiegeis 
iustige Streidie) 

130 Syrinx: Schmitt (Suite en 
rocaiiie. Op 84). Michael 
Berkeley (Nocturne). Guy- 
Ropartz (Prelude. Marine 
et Chansons) 

g-gs More Pengs Papersiread 
and written by Brian 
Wright (r) 

235 Beethoven: Violin Sonata 
in A minor. Op 23 and in 
F major, Cto 24, and Cello 
Sonata in C major. Op 
102 No 1. Frank] (piano). 
Pauk (violin). Kirshbaum 

4.00 Choral Evensong: from 
Rrpon cathedral. 435 

5.00 Mainly tor Pleasure: with 
David Hoi* 

630 Musk: for guitar: Arrthea 
Gifford plays works by 
Rameau, Sor. Debussy and 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
for VHF variations. 

News on the hour (except 
8.00pm). Headlines 530am, 630, 
730 and 830. General Desks 

I. 05pm, 232.332,4.02,5.05,632, 
6-45 (mt only). 935. Cricket 
Scoreboard 730pm. Golf: The 

Open. Reports at 10.02am, 

II. 02,1232pm, 932. 

4,00am Charles Nova(s). 530 
Ray Moore (si. 730 Derek 
Jameson (s). 930 Ken Bruce 
(s). 114)0 Jimmy Young. Legal 
problems answered by BiM 
Thomas ($). 1.05 pm David Jacobs 
(s). 2.05 Gloria Hunniford (s). 

330 David Hamilton (s). 535John 
Dunn (s). 74)0 Hubert Gregg 
says Thanks tor tne Memory (s). 
730 Friday Night is Music Nigm 
(s). 8.45 Philip Martin at the Piano 

Vernon and Maryana Midgiey. 

1030 Hinge and Bracket. 114)0 
Angela Rlppon (stereo from 
rnidnfgm). 1.00am Jean ChaUis 
(s). 330-4.00 A Little Night Music 

( Radiol ) 

News on the halt-hour from 
-630am until 830pm then at 1030 
and 12.00 midnight. 

530am Andy Peebles. 7.00 
Mike Smith's Breakfast Show. 930 
Simon Bates. 11.00 Radio 1 
Roadshow from Cteethorpes. 1239 
Newsbeat (lan Parkinson). 

12^45 Gary Davies. 3.00 Steve 
Wright. 530 Newsbeat (fan 
Parkinson). 5.45 Singled Out 
(Janice Long). 7.00 Andy 
Peebles. 10.00-124)0 The Friday 
RDCk Show with Tommy Vance 
(S). VHF RADIOS 1 & 2:-44Wam As 
Radio2.930pm The Organist 


6-00 NewsOesk 630 Mention 74)0 News 
7.09 Twenty-Four Hours 730 Best ot 
Brmsn 7.45 Mercnant Navy Programme 
8.00 News 840 Reiiecvons 8.15 Pied 
Piper 830 Muse Now 94)0 News 940 
Review of me Brmsn Press 9.15 world 
Today 930 Financial News 9A5 The Time 
MechmalOJN) News 104)1 OM the Beaten 
Track 10.15 Mercnant Navy Programme 
11.00 News 1140 News About Bntam 

11.15 In the Meantime 1135 A Letter from 
Normam 1130 Mem*an 124U Radio 
Newsreel 12.15 Jazz far the Asking 1245 
Sports Roundup 1.00 News 140 TWny- 
Four Hours 130 John Peel 200 Outlook 
245 A Period Spy 34)0 Raoo Newsreel 

3.15 Eccentric Trawaters 440 News 440 
Commentary 4.15 Scwnce m Action 545 


Cage 9.15 Muse Now 945 For Whom the 
BeUTolis 104)0 News 1040 World Today 
1025A Letter tram Northern helanti 1036 
Financial News 1040 Reflections 1045 
Spans Roundup 11JM News 1140 Com¬ 
mentary 11.15 From the Weeklies 1130 
Aspects of Liszt 124X1 News 1240 News 
About Bntam 12.15 Radio Newsreel 1230 
About Britain 1245 Recording ot the 
Week 140 News 14)1 Outlook 130 New 
Waves on the Shortwave 1.45 A Perfect 
Spy 2JXJ News 240 Review ot the British 
Press 2-15 In the Cage 230 People and 
Poetics 34» News 3.09 News About 
Britain 3.15 World Today 445 Refactions 
430 Financial News 54» News. Al times 
in GMT. 

Ill «TFR As London except 
c 5 935 The Day Head 

> Day Head fol- 
930 Sesame 

It's flaming 
lebes 11.15 

Kate ana Aihe 9*5 wnat ft 
1045 international Attv 
Arcrae Banner's Plica 

IMowsd tw Sasama Street 1030 
Cartoon 1035-1 ICO PosetOonFSas 130 
News and Weather 130-34X) FHm: 

Port of Escape <1955J 315-545 Connec- 
Mns 64)0 Abom Anoka 7.00-730 At- 
bon Market 1030 Crass Question 11.10 
8 pmmg image 11,40 FHm: The Pmk 
T#epnone (Mnefie Dare] MS Janets 
Harvey Smgs: Close 


930 Beaten a«nean Neonacn 935 
Sesame Street 1050 Struggle Beneath 
The Sea 11.15-11.30 Toytown 130 
News 130 The Clveftans m Chma 230- 
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FRIDAY JULY 18 1986 

Faldo passes 



By Mitchell Platts 

Nick Faldo passed his se¬ 
verest examination since re¬ 
modelling his swing by 
compiling a one-over-par first 
round of 71 in the 1 i 5th Open 
Championship on the Ailsa 
course at Tumberry yesterday. 
He emerged with distinction 
following a gruelling four 
hours and a half encounter 
which tested his patience to 
the limit as others, stirred and 
shaken by a howling 35 mph 
westerly, fell exhausted by the 
- wayside. 

Bernhard Langer. with a 
birdie three at the 16th and an 
eagle three at the 17th. had a 
valliant 72, bui Severiano 
Ballesteros and Sandy Lyle 
struggled to arrest their own 
catastrophic starts. Faldo's 
performancesmacked of cour¬ 
age as he fought for survival 
among the sand hills. He kept 
his score intact with a combi¬ 
nation of authoritative strik¬ 
ing and artful scrambling 
which belied his two years in 
the wilderness. 

From the moment that the 
Canadian Ray Stewart, who 
was among the first group to 
depart was compelled to take 
a penalty drop from the knee- 
high rough it became abun¬ 
dantly dear that the casaulty 
list would grow as the round 

In truth one could 
sympathise with CraigStadler, 
the burly American, as he 
tangled with the undergrowth 
at the 14th. In his effort to 
escape he moved the ball only 
one inch and aggravated an 
injury to the tendons of his left 
wrist so that after completing 
an S2 he was forced to seek 
medical treatment. 

Yet mostly it was the pride 
of some of the world’s leading 
golfers that was hurt as Jack 
Nicklaus, and Ray Floyd, the 
US Masters and Open cham¬ 
pions respectively, both took 
78s and Curtis Strange (79), 
Mark O'Meara (80). Howard 
Clark (81) and the Australian 
Ian Baker-Finch (86) disap¬ 
peared without trace. Faldo 
has had to swallow his pride in 
order to systematically piece 
together a new swing designed 
to provide him with the 
required ammunition to with¬ 
stand the very conditions 
which existed yesterday. In 
the past his old swing too 
often betrayed him even if the 
spirit was willing. 

He now fans the blade open, 
to create a flatter arc, and 
whereas there was once a 
weakness at the top of his 
swing he now possesses the 
courage of his convictions to 
attack the hole knowing full 
well that such an. aggressive 
approach could bring a disas¬ 
trous result. 

Faido has suffered a decline 
while remodelling the swing, 
failing to win for more than 
two years, and he has been 
displaced as the leading Brit¬ 
ish golfer by Sandy Lyle, who 
firmly grasped the baton by 
winning the Open Champion¬ 
ship at Royal St George’s 12 
months ago. 

Even so Faldo has remained 
convinced that the change of 
style would eventually enable 
him to elbow his way back 
into the front line. He chose 
the most knowledgeable audi¬ 
ence in the world to do just 

that by refusing to submit to a 
treacherous course amply pro¬ 
tected even without the assis¬ 
tance of such wicked 

“There is no more for me to 
learn about the swing change," 
said Faldo. “With the old 
suing I would have simply 
been delighted to have made a 
square hit T can now manoeu¬ 
vre the ball how J desire. I 
knew it was going to be tough 
and 1 felt that a score of 76 or 
better would have been good. 
So I have obviously got to be 
very pleased with my efforts." 

Faldo was required to sal¬ 
vage a par from out of a 
greenside bunker at the first. 
He dropped a shot at the next, 
driving into the rough, but he 
repaired the damage with a 
marvellous birdie three at the 
third (462 yards). He followed 
a one-iron tee shot with an 
excellent running two-iron 
which took the ball to within 
one foot of the hole. Faldo 
dropped a shot at both the 
fourth and fifth holes but his 
confidence grew after he had 
made the turn in 38, which is 
three over par. 

He completed a remarkable 
escape at the tenth by pitching 
from behind the green to eight 


Start times 

(Aus). 2.1 S* S Randolph i 
Moore (Aus). 

First round 
Open scores 
on page 28 

feet, from where he holed. 
Then he struck a nine-iron to 
ten feet for a two at the 11th. 

Inevitably Faldo had his fair 
share of problems, and he 
dropped a shot at both the 
12th and 14th holes, but he 
replied with a finish that gave 
him the foundation on which 
to build a true championship 

Faldo holed from eight feet 
for a birdie at the 16th. He 
took advantage of the help of 
the wind at the 17th (500 
yards) by getting up. with a 
driver and a seven-iron. Then 
he completed a .sequence of 
three successive, birdies by 
coaxing the ball home from 18 
feet on the last green. 

Ian Stanley, of Australia, 
dropped a shot at no less than 
seven holes but the four-iron 
which he struck to within two 
feet of the hole at the fourth 
was the first of five birdies in 
an adventurous 72. 

Sam Randolph, the US 
amateur champion, is playing 
in only his third tournament 
as a professional. He was out 
in 38. which was no mean feat, 
but he excelled by covering the 
inward half without a blemish 
on his card. He even had a two 
at the 15th where he struck a 
seven-iron to ten feet. 

Andrew Brooks, like Stan¬ 
ley and Randolph, took 72. It 
was an astonishing display 
■from the Scottish club profes¬ 
sional who confesses he has no 
particular liking for the Open. 
Brooks has come through both 
the regional and final qualify¬ 
ing tests to play in this 
championship and he would 
have been satisfied with his 
round even without the three 
successive birdies he had from 
the 15th. 

If Brooks surpassed his own 

Card of the course 




































































expectations, then Richard 
Masters produced an even 
more remarkable perfor¬ 
mance. He is the 29-year-old 

g rofessional at the nine-hole 
outh Bradford course and his 
score of 73 must seem almost 
unreal to the likes of a 
Nicklaus, who has won 20 
major championships. Mas¬ 
ters, whose first job was in 

unera! engineering, has a best 
finish of 40ih on the European 

* r i':> i. #?» ' 

__ /(Great drttain and Iretami unless 

08-20: J Nicklaus (US), B Langer MfgL 2 
Davis (Aus). 09.15: D Hammond (US). P 
Stewart (US). S Batesteras (Sp). 09.45: H 
Green (US), l Woosnam. T Nakajima 
(Japan). 1000: T Kite (US). S Torrwice. D 

Graham (Aus). 10 - 20 : T Watson (US) G J 
Brand. M McNulty (SAI. 1030: L Traw» 
(US). B Crenshaw (US), S Lyte. IJtt R 
Hoyd (US), M Pinero (Sj^G Norman 

I Faldo, 0 

• Greg Norman believes the 
Open should have a two-tee 
start to make things fairer. 
The Australian feels that 
changes in the weather can 
play too big a part over a long 
day and he backs a system 
where players start their 
rounds at both the first and 
10th tees. 

• Only five amateurs are 
taking part at Tumberry: Da¬ 
vid Curry, the British amateur 
champion, is joined by 
Ulster's Garth McGimpsey, 
last year's British champion, 
and England's Mark Davis, 
Jeremy Robinson and Andy 

• Tom Watson's caddie. Alfie 
Fyles. had a long day yester¬ 
day. Watson did not start his 
first round until 3 pm, but 60- 
year-old Fyles was on the 
course at the crack of dawn. 
He accompanied champion- 
shipcommittee member, Alan 
Turner, who was deciding pin 
placings. and then relayed the 
information back to the other 

• Andrew Oldcorn, the for¬ 
mer English amateur champi¬ 
on who speaks with a Scottish 
accent, should improve his 
French during the first two 
rounds. The 26-year-old, born 
in Bolton but a resident of 
Edinburgh for most of his life, 
has been paired with Emman¬ 
uel Dussart and Michel Tapia. 
All three had to come through 
the final qualifying 

• The success that Scandina¬ 
vian golfers are starting to 
enjoy in Europe can be gauged 
from the fact that nine Swed¬ 
ish journalists have travelled 
to Tumberry this year com¬ 
pared to only one 12 months 
ago. Only two of their players 
have qualified this week, how¬ 
ever Ove Sellberg, winner at 
Chepstow in May. and Anders 
Forsbrand, eighth in the last 

f, \ -v.- ■ 

7 : .. r . 

Day Norman felt like a nonentity 

By John Hennessy 

Ray Floyd, the United 
Slates Open champion, 
emerged shell-shocked from 
the last green at Tumberry 
after taking 78, or eight over 
what is laughingly called the 
par for the course. In his 44th 
year he can bring vast experi¬ 
ence to bear but never, he said 
later, had he played golf in 
such severe conditions. Nor 
could he remember last taking 
an eight as he did yesterday 
after losing his first ball off the 
tee at the par four 14th. 

In the circumstances, he 
regarded the 74 of his playing 
companion..Greg Norman, as 
“a lovely round”. The rugged 
Australian, who heads the 
order of merit in the United 
Slates and is clearly one of the 
favourites here, might have 
fell the same bui he is not the 
kind of man to be satisfied 
with anything but total perfec¬ 

tion. For him “it was a brutal 
day for golf, the kind when 
you felt like a nonentity and 
"came off with a headache." 

If. as he suggested, trying to 
anticipate the wind was a 
matter of “sheer guesswork 
and hope that the Lord's on 
your side,” it certainly 
seemed, to start with, that 
some benign influence was at 
work. Two birdies in the first 
four holes - a four iron to 20ft 
at the second and a five iron to 
41i at the 167-yard fourth — 
was a spectacular start in the 
circumstances, but both 
strokes were soon sacrificed. 

The change in the condi¬ 
tions was starkly illustrated by 
his playing of the 427-yard 
eighth. In practice the day 
before he had hit a three wood 
and pitching wedge; now he 
needed two drivers. The sec¬ 
ond was from 215 yards out 
but he had to give it the whole 
works to get home. 

At the fifth Norman pulled 
his tee shot into deep rough 
(not that there is any other 
kind at Tumberry), essayed a 
brave but surely unwise shot 
to the green and wound up 
with a six. 

Then to the ninth tee on a 
little promontory jutting out 
into the Firth of Clyde beside 
the lighthouse, where you risk 
vertigo and death by drowning 
in ordinary circumstances. 
Pneumonia was an additional 
hazard • yesterday morning. 
Norman hit a superb drive 
over the boiling sea and the 
nigged cliff face and, though 
the ball ran unkindly into the 
far rough, as it will usually do 
because of the slope of the 
fairway, he skilfully saved his 

four to reach the turn in par 

It was hard work coming in, 
with providence peitaps now 
transferring allegiance to 
Faldo a few holes back. A 
bunker demanded a four at the 
short 11th; the left rough, 
coupled with three putts, 
transformed the 12th from a 
four to a six; and again at the 
14th and 16th his tee shots 
wandered to thelefL 

The 500-yard 17th is always 
vulnerable to a player of 
Norman’s power, even in 
these conditions, and a broad 
smile there after holing his 
second putt fora birdie, spoke 
of inner serenity. He tossed 
the ball blindly over his head 
and his caddie, alive to his 
master’s extrovert ways, neat¬ 
ly caught it. There's never a 
dull moment when this man's 


A model team man 
gets his reward 

From John Wilcockson, Blagmac 

There are no easy days on 
the 1986 Tour de France. “We 
all have tired legs from the two 
mountain stages," said Davis 
Phinney, the captain of the 
American team 7-Eleven, after 
yesterday’s I4th leg which did 
hot produce the hoped-for 

The American, who won the 
third stage of the race 12 days 
ago, added, “The problem is 
that 90 per cent of the riders 
have no chance of overall 
success, but they all want to 
win a stage." 

Ironically, the stage victor 
in Blagnac. a modem suburb 
of Toulouse, was Niki 
Ruttimann. who moved into 
eighth place overall as a result 
of an eight-minute time gain. 

His win was just reward for • 
this model team rider who had 
helped his team-mate and the 
race leader Bernard Hinault, 
through the last 20 minutes of 
Wednesday's climb to 

Yesterday, the 23-year-old 
Swiss rider sprinted away 
from his three breakaway 
companions three miles from 
the end of the 96-mile stage to 
win by half a minute from 
Christophe Lavainne of 
France. Twan Poels of The 
Netherlands and Paul 
Haghedooren of Belgium. 

Their break followed a 
fierce tactical storm in the 

pack, caused by Greg 
LeMond. who is in second 
place overalL 

The American joined an 
earlier break of nine, which 
contained Steven Roche and 
Phil Anderson, who were both 
looking for a stage win after 
disappointing rides in the 

Also in the attack was 
LeMond's Canadian team col¬ 
league Steve Bauer. Their 
maximum lead of lmin 12sec 
was snuffed out after a 12-mile 
chase led .by the Panasonic 
team-mates of Robert Millar, 
who retained his fourth place 
overall. LeMond picked up a 
six-second time bonus during 
his escape and moved to 
within 34 seconds of race 
leader Hinault. . . 

BJagnac, 96 miiesjc 1. N Ruttimann 
(Swrtz), 3hr 4?min 44 sec; 2. C 
Lavainne (Fr). at 32sec; 3, T Poets 
(Neth), same time: 4, P 
Haghedooren (Bel), at 33sec; 5. H 
Devos (Bel), at 7min I7$ec: 6, M 
Poiini (It), same time: 7, E 
Vanderaerden (Bel) at 8:02; 8, C 
Romans (Bel), same time: 9, J 
Vandenbrands (Bel), same time: 10, 
G Bontwnpi (It), same time. 

(Fr). 61 hr 43min 31 sec, 2. G LeMond 
(US), at 34eec, 3, U Zimmarmarm 
(Switz), at 2min 58sec; 4, R Millar 
?GBj, at 3:32:5. P Detaado (So), at 
6:48; 6. A Hampstan (US)-at 8:26:7, 

L Herrera (Col), at 9:08; 8, 
Ruttimann. at 1025. 9, S Rooks 
(Neth), at 12:58; 10, C Griquielion 
(Bel), at 13:00. 


Running out of resolution 

It is not so much with eager 
anticipation that one looks 
forward to today’s second one- 
day international at Old 
Trafford for the Texaco Tro¬ 
phy as with morbid curiosity 
to see what England get up to 
nexL In losing tp New Zealand 
at Headingley on Wednesday 
their running between wickets 
was a downright embarr¬ 

When they were losing in 
the West Indies last winter 
there was a lot of sympathy for 
them, at any rate to start with. 
When, then, they were being 
outplayed by India, their de¬ 
feats were less tolerantly re¬ 
ceived. After they had been 
bowled out on Wednesday for 
170 the anger of their follow¬ 
ers was aroused. 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

honour of playing for England 
is no longer the stimulus it 

should be. Either that or they 
have lost their nerve, or they 
are just too precious or we 
were simply lulled inio over¬ 
rating them by last year's 
recovery of the Ashes. 

The word was that the New 
Zealanders could scarcely be¬ 
lieve their eyes as first Lamb 
then Richards and finally 
Ellison were run out as though 
they and their partners were 
making a documentary on 
exactly what not to do. It was 
really dreadful. 

It was not only ihe running, 
either. Benson played a wet 
shot. Gooch a casual one and 
Gower one of those frilly 
things of his. Gatting looked at 
the pitch as though to blame it 
for his dismissal, whereas in 
fact it was his own judgement 
that had been at faulL 

I can only think that most of 
them are so surfeited with 
representative cricket that the 

Today’s teams 

ENGLAND (from): M W Golfing 
(Middlesex, captain), G A Gooch 
(Essex), M R Benson (Kent). D I 
Gower (Leicestershire), A J Lamb 
(Northamptonshire). CWJ A they 
(Gloucestershire), D R Pringle (Es- 
*sex), fC J Richards (Surrey). J E 
Embury (Middlesex). P H Edmonds 
(Middlesex). N A Foster (Essex), r 
M EHfson (Kent). G R t»ley (Kent), 
few ZEALAND: J V Coney (cap¬ 
tain), B A Edgar, J G WrighL K R 
Rutherford, MO Crowe. J J Crowe. 
H J Hadlee. E J Gray, 11D S Smith, J 
G BracewelJ, W Watson. 12th man: 
TE Blain. 

Umpires: K E Palmer and N T Ptews. 

If there is no improvement 
today goodness knows what 
the selectors will do for the 
best when they sit down this 
evening to choose the side for 
next week's Test match. Yes, 
another Test match. 

Gooch's place must be in 
jeopardy now as well as 
Benson's. Pringle is not an 
England No 6 with an intermi¬ 
nable tail to follow him: the 
bowling is erratic and the 
fielding lacks sparkle. If the 
side is not careful. Boycott will 
be brought back At least he 
would have to be dug out, 
though come to think of it he 

might not reduce the casually 
rate between wickets. 

New Zealand won at 
Headingley despite haying the 
more difficult conditions in 
which to bat. losing their best 
batsman (Martin Crowe) 
cheaply and dropping three 
catches even after England 
had got to 48 for one. They are 
going to play better than this 
and will be a tough side to 
beaL Although the results of 
these one-day games are soon 
forgotten. New Zealand's vic¬ 
tory can have done them 
nothing but good. 

The pitch for today looks an 
excellent one, though there 
has been enough rain in 
Manchester to slow down the 
outfield. Athey and Edmonds 
should both come into the 
England side, any change be¬ 
ing better than none after what 
happened on Wednesday. I 
should be inclined to send 
Gower in first with Gooch to 
put him on his mettle, with 
Gatling going up to No 3 if he 
is fit to play. 

Gatling strained his side on 
Wednesday and has declared 
himself an uncertain starter. If 
he has to miss the match 
Gooch, as vice-captain, will be 
in charge- For Gower, last 
month's disappointment of 
losing the job must already be 
feeling less acute. Let someone 
else have the worry of having 
to account for England's fail¬ 
ures and lack of collective 

Yesterday's cricket, page 28 


Gloves row 
at meeting 

Carl King, manager of the 
world heavyweight champion. 
Tim Witherspoon, stormed 
out of a rules meeting of the 
World Boxing Association 
(WBA) in London yesterday 
after losing an argument about 
the gloves to be used in 
Witherspoon's title defence 
against Frank Bruno at Wem¬ 
bley tomorrow. 

King, who had insisted on 
American gloycs, was over¬ 
ruled when the WBA official 
charge of the contest. 


Chalermpong Cheosakul, 
ruled that neutral Mexican- 
made gloves would be used. 
Bruno's manager, Terry Law¬ 
less. had insisted that Bruno 
would not be able to get his 
hands into- the American 

Big chance 

The amazing rise of the 21- 
year-old National League rid¬ 
er. Paul Thorp, of Stoke, 
reaches a new peak on Sun¬ 
day. A bizarre injury to the 
American rider, Kelly Moran, 
who slipped on a hotel carpet 
and severed a wrist artery, 
puis Moran out of the Inter 
Continental championship fi¬ 
nal at Bradford. Thorp, (he 
first reserve, steps in to be¬ 
come the first rider from the 
National League, speedway's 
second division, to appear at 
this stage of the world final. 
Thorp now has a fine chance 
to reach the world individual 
final in Katowice, Poland. 

Castle: fighting display 

Cup debut 

Andrew Castle makes his 
Davis Cup debut for Britain 
when he plays Paul 
McNamee. of Australia, at 
Wimbledon. today. Castle, 
who recently gave a fighting 
display against the No.2 Wim¬ 
bledon seed. Mats Wfiander, 
has been included in 
Somerset's Prudential County 
Cup from July 21 id 25.Essex 
are the defending champions. 

Daris Cup preview, page 27 

Cowie call 

Shona Cowie won a last- 
minute call-up to Scotland's 
Commonwealth Games 
swimming squad yestenjay.. 
The 18-year-ola from 
Peterhead comes into the 
team in place of Paul Easter, 
who has glandular fever. 
Cowie will compete in the 800 
metres freestyle, and the. 200 
metres butteifly. 

easy to 

By David M21er 

As Jack Nicklaus came to 
the first tee, with Bernhard 
Langer and Rodger Davis; 
hoping to revive our memories, 
not to mention his own, of that 
spectacular Open with Tom 
Watson here nine years ago, a 
force d wind was whipping off 
the sea. The distant hiss of 
surf, the scudding skies and 
some early scores way up in 
the 80s were enough to warn 
Nicklaus that, on his 25th 
amsecadve visit, it was not 

• \ 

European c halleng es Britain’s Nick Faldo (above) blasts his way ont of a bunker, Spain’s Severiano 
Ballesteros (below left) lines np a putt and Bernhard Langer, of West Germany, celebrates after scoring a birdie 

At 46, his midriff is thick. 
Alongside the feline. Langer 
his comparative lack of flexir 
bility nowadays was apparent 
The strength is there but not 
the snap. Yet around every 
green they were welcoming 
him back, the past master with 
the genial wave of 
acknowledgement. It is easier, 
with all those achievements’ 
be hind him, tn smile at his own 
occasional waywardness. * 

The Ra gs on the clubhouse 
stood out as stiff as signposts 
as the trio set off. The sun' 
crept out and Nicklaus pedfed 
off his top sweater. Langer*? 
features remain ed in shadow 
beneath an nnfamilfar cap, but 
from the start he was gauging 
the cross-wind which plagned 
the first eight holes. Staying 
dose to par. 



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Rescue job with 
second or third 

Nicklaus, by comparison, 
was often having to rescue 
himself on his second or third 
stroke, and then to squander 
his recovery on the green. He 
was less Him happy with‘his 
potter, with its elongated face, 
and was regularly off line and 
either long or short His face 
would p ucker and he would 
stare off towards the green 
Ayrshire hDK remembering 
better times. Only the equa¬ 
nimity was consistent. 

Two over par after two 
holes, NicUaus hit a glorious 
loog iron to the third green on 
his second shot Pacing hade 
from where the ball lay to get a 
better lode at tire (lags above 
the Tumberry hotel, in its 
elevated position on the hill¬ 
side, ‘ lie judged the wind 
exactly. Hitting the baB at 
least 20 degrees seawards- 
away from the flag he watched 
it curl back on to the green, 
only to two-putt from within 
reasonable range. 

At the short fourth, hgving 
changed direction through 180, 
degrees, Langer drifted his 
bail hack to perfection. 
Nicklans's bail hung in the air, 
gull-like above the green, and 
luckily bounced down off the 
shoulder of a mound to leave 
him 30 feet from the piu.-But 
he putted four feet past and; 
missed the birdie. . : 

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On the long fifth, witb the 
wind now marshalling eight 
rows of marching white rollers 
on the adjacent sands; 
Nicklaus chipped to withhT 
two feet out of semi-rough to 
get his par, and the apphroe 
echoed round the huge natifral 
amphitheatre surroundiBg the" 
green where the crowd was- 
gathered in thousands. " ' * 

Progress was uow.slow, with 
"sax players waiting to tee off at 
the sixth. Langer took two. 
shots to get out of a bunker to 
drop a stroke, Nicklans got His 
three, and they both stood at 
two over par. At the seventh 
those formidable wrists res¬ 
cued Nickhms when he was! 
almost invisible in long gross 
in a ditch behind the crowd; on" 
the longest hole he was firmly 
on the green in three but again 
two putted when well posi¬ 
tioned. Davis, his game re¬ 
markable for its erratic' 
fluctuations, sank a putt from 
60 feet. For a man who has 
come second in some 20 
tournaments it is odd that he 
ahoold still find it necessary to. 
have his name embroidered in 
huge capital letters down the~ 
outside of his socks beneath - 
his plus-fours. 

. At the ninth, alongside the: 
lighthouse, the spray off die 
rocks was almost reaching the 
players" hacks: All three were 
into rough, 'Nicklaus and 
Langer with recovered well, 
but again Nicklans two patted; 
between the ninth and the 14th 
he avoid drop six strokes. 

His concentration seemed to 
be waiveting as conditions 
grew , more cold and blustery- 
ami by the 16th he was 11 over 
par. Langer had also been 
dropping strokes bat a birdie 
at the 16th and an eagleat the 
17tit suddenly brought hini 


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also eagfed the 17th to make 
things-a little more.respect-.' 
aMe. It was a day on which 
thing* could have been worse 
for him than they were. 

It was rewarding to- save 
another stroke with, hfe .first 
successful long putt oh the. 
final green.. whose- 

nmes had held all the way.. 
smiled in acknowledgement.'. -