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v ^ ;■***&% 


No 61514 

India becomes 
25th nation 

to quit games 

’ By Michael McCarthy 

weSth GtamMwri C S m St 10 shift her «K>und and coasid- 
v -aii WSSM?** ' 1 r «= onomj c sanctions if the 

^■=*aSPu ffiff ^™ u ? n ’ *“"* «?* aiy, SiKff^XvThS 

0 Lr 1 :!5 8s£fe. wt^draw in no productive result. 

. ‘msfi- — - J >V "luiuiaw ui 

W**®* P rotest at . British 

. Government s aanri 

■'*■■-* J,** 


'-'.• V**J 

• . -."•“■‘aJiiu* 

■ a- Bk H Government's stand on sanc- 
' ^T 8 ® it flJfc lions against South Africa. 
k ,f- 'ti jj^a, The pull-out was an- 
: . = a , .7*!. *ttt \ noumxd after a weekend of 
.•-. indecision and hints at com- 

i,I~, fc ? e *ial promise apparently not taken 
*■::- “P ** London. Mr Rajiv 

- . ;; ’Sifts# JN Gandi’s Government had 
' ^ tw, ’ Ge Postponed joining the 

widening boycott and an- 
‘ ^ nounced after a Cabinet meet- 

' :a k tk >n& on Saturday that it would 
^ consider taking part if 
.: J j® ■ there was an indication that 
;f : Mrs Thatcher and her Gov- 

r «ea tt , ft eminent were prepared to 
■«4di5 -countenance “effective 
*= “slai!; measures” against the Pretoria 
5ljr t fct s a 2| regime at the mini-summit of 
J£3 *lSE Commonwealth countries in 
*t^i 1 ® London next month. 

’ 4 -‘ * Bui by last night it was dear 

that Delhi had abandoned 
r*ti a ■ l hopes of any conciliatory 
move by the British Govem- 
ODd fir thLi *^ ent **4 foe decision was 

m> taken to disperse the 99-strong 

-s team, the largest from the 
^ “New Commonwealth” due 
■ • g, to travel to Edinburgh, 
^teaictii Announcing the decision 

l ^ e ^dian Sports Minister, 

• t. ‘.r, ly * ' Mrs Margaret Alva said it had 
■is-n mJJ been taken because “no ges- 
, r ; 5 , r. t j|Lj; tore from Britain was 
? **si55? forthcoming”. 

''-'•'iifc 1 Although the withdrawal 

s.v: C had been regarded as inevita- 
; i ble it further highlights the 

: - 1 ; ‘.Jl* increasing isolation of the 
British position within the 
.J -nvt f Commonwealth and adds to 
the pressure on Mrs Thatcher 

him but Sir Geoffrey will be 
hoping that if his talks with 
Mr Botha make any progress 
they may change their minds. 

Public disagreement yester- 
day by senior figures connect- 
ed with the Games only served 
to highlight further the ten- 
sions the boycott campaign is 


>tfC0nd fiMUi 


V : S7*t\ 
'■ •" -'eat 

- • 11 -• 

Sir Geoffrev who rennrt^ edwiui the Games only served 

today SfSM tS? of *? h ' g t ,i8 K further the - ten_ 
Mozambique, Zambia ami aons d>c boycon campaign is 

Zimbabwe to the meeting of , L . 

EEC Foreign Minisiere in In Edinburgh itself, where 
Brussels, flies to South Africa lhe Games are due to open on 
_ _ Thursday, a chaplain of the 

- Queen was praising the na- 
P nllin p Ollt lions which have withdrawn, 

6 ... . while the distinguished violin- 

(JN umber of competitora in & Sir Yehudi Menuhin, due 

(ISlf^ankiV 8 ^ roundly condemn- 

India G (^ a Ja^£ y ( 38 ). l K^ Added emphasis was given 
nva f461. L^sothn fl7V. Malav- 10 ^e words of the Reverend 
Ste f!4L nS /5I1 Gilleasbuig Macmillan, one of 

Scotland^ ten Royal chap- 
ooe 1221 St Kitm /4) St I .nria lams, by the occasion he chose 
<!^Vh£tf&2«£ “ *«»? to official 
UU Tanzania (24), Trinidad 8a ” eS m Sl 

ani Tobago (31), Uganda (12), G !?9? hc< *5 L .. 

Zambia (28), Zimbabwe (34). Mr Macmillan told a con- 
—■ — ■■i n L gregauon of more than a 



Boiha, whom he will see on . S t i5JSS JjHSIfr 
Wednesday and again on Sj 1 ^- JSSSmI 

Tuesday of next week. and^uSity h d ^ Y 

Elsewhere m the city, how, 
® 1 ever. Sir Yehudi characterized 

SS AfH^NaSoSd S«« ? 

ConpSs and Xse fts im- “, pecv,sh and mran”. 
prisoned leader Mr Nelson . Mr Macmillan, who is Min- 
Mandeia, as the first steps jster at St Giles, spoke of the 
towards a dialog ue which boycotts in his sermon at the 
could lead to negotiated service, 
change in the South African Delegates held, page 6 

political system. ANC leaders Diary, page 12 

have so fer refused to meet Games finances, page 16 

- v- 

v - 

r.-v» * ■ > 

’’ ' * . 

^-^#Thereis£l2,000Jo .. 
■■. “ be wonloday in TW “ 

. r* :ni Times Portfolio Gold 
*;^i2 ; tftily competition 
• because there were 
no winners on Friday or 
. Saturday. 

# The weekly prize 

: S of 88,000 was shared by 

" two readers: Mr 

: si C.Matherof 

: 2 s Westminster and Mr 

... -.2 35* RAlcock of Quainton, 

- * BtICkS. 

. . Z.S 7 S 0 Portfolio list, page i 

r : ;S “ Ah rules and how to i 

; ’ ' ■ play,information I 

••• • service, page 16. j 

Sj ‘Docklands’ ! 

for cities I 

v Run-down city areas may be | 

... made, the responsibility of 

: government-appointed urban 

. development corporations, 

similar to Those working to 
' “ * * .V revive the docklands. The idea 

■ . . ;■«<*- js said to have ministers’ 

support Page 2 

Bus ambush 

. ’ • Syrian efforts to restore order 
- .in west Beirut faced a big 

. challenge after a bus carrying 

•. - Christian doctors, students 

. r K and Americanuniversity em- 

- ployees was ambushed, killing 

four people Pag® 7 

Budd and Cowley 
lose ban appeal 

■ By Ronald Faux 

The Commonwealth tion would advise the counsel 
Games Federation court of of their reasons “shortly” He 
appeal decided yesterday that said the counsel was disap- 
Zola Budd and Annette Cow- pointed and continued to 
ley are ineligible to compete disagree with the decisions. 

for England in the !3th Com- 
monwealth Games. 

“Nevertheless, as members of 
the Federation we accept the 

After a five-hour meeting in decision as final under the 
Edinburgh, members- of the Federation's constitution. Be- 
Federation left refusing to cause of possible further Iitiga- 
comment and it was Sir tion by the two individuals 
Arthur Gold, chairman of the further comment is not 
Commonwealth Games appropriate.” 

Council for England, who read “I would like to think it is 
out a statement of the two an impartial decision” be said. 


He understood that the deci- 

He said that at the request sion had been unanimous and 
of lhe Council, the Common- that there would be no pres- 


wealth Games Federation ap- 
peal court had considered the 
appeals under Article 42 of the 
Constitution against the deci- 
sion that the two athletes were 

“The appeal has involved a 
full hearing in the cases and 
the Federation court of appeal 
carefully considered all the 
material put before it includ- 
ing the veiy helpful oral 
statements by Mr Robert Reid 
QC, counsel for the CGCE 
and Mr David Pannick, coun- 
sel for the Federation,” be 

The court had decided that 
within the intent and scope of 
the constitution neither Miss 
BudcT nor Miss Cowley iras 
eligible to complete for 
England . . . J 

Sir Arthur said the Federa- 

sure on Annette Cowley to 
leave the Games village where 
she is at present living. 

Both athletes had been con- 
tacted before the announce- 
ment was made to the press. 

But Miss Cowley, 19, will 
tomorrow seek a High Court 
order forcing the Federation 
to accept her entry as a 
member of the English swim- 
ming team. 

After she learned the ver- 
dict, Miss Cowley said that 
she was disappointed. “But I 
still have a hope for the court 
case tomorrow.” 

On Wednesday Edinburgh 
District Council will debate a 
resolution from the Alliance 
group which will be supported 
by Labour that an invitation 
to Mrs Thatcher to attend the 
Games should be withdrawn. 


MONDAY JULY 21 1986 





By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

Tory’ grandees intent on 
replacing Mrs Margaret That- 
cher as Conservative party 
leader are thought to be 
behind reports of the Queen’s 
“dismay” at her style of 

It was being said yesterday 
that the Prime Minister has 
become the victim of a plot by 
malcontents within her party, ! 
who have seized on the rift 
between Downing Street and j 
Buckingham Palace on Sooth 
Africa to discredit her. I 

They hope that by using the 
extraordinary tactic of appear- 
ing to make Mrs Thatcher the 
target of Her Majesty's scorn 
they can persuade the Conser- 
vative party to jettison her in 
favour of someone more In the 
tradition of Tory paternalism, 
if possible before the next 

But last night it was for from 
dear that the bid to oust the 
Prime Minister stood the re- 
motest chance of success. 

Mr Michael Shea, the 
Queen’s press secretary, is- 
sued an unqualified denial of 
the front page report in The 
Sunday Times, saying it was 
“entirely wirhont foundation” , 

But Mr Andrew Neil, die I 
newspaper’s editor, insisted j 
that the report came from a 1 
highly-placed source in Buck- 
ingham Palace, who was fully 
aware of the political ! 

According to The Sunday ! 
Times, the Queen believes that 
the Prime Minister's ap- 
proacb is micaring, confronta- 
tional and socially divisive. ' 

The leak was triggered in , 
the wake of mounting concern ! 
about a possible constitutional | 
crisis over Sooth Africa with 
the Queen and Mrs Thatcher 
at loggerheads over what 
should be done m the face of 
Commonwealth pressure. 

Bat yesterday, senior Tories 
rallied to the Prime Minister's 
side, saying that the report 
was a travesty of their 

Two constitutional experts, 
Mr Norman St John-Stevas, 
dismissed from the Cabinet by 
Mrs Thatcher, and Mr Enoch 
Powell, both suggested that an 
attempt was being made to nse 
the Qneen for political ends. 

Mr St John-Stevas said that 
die Queen would not dream of 
trying to undermine her prime 
minister. She had no interest 
in entering the realm of party 
politics because this would do 
grave damage to the monar- 
chy. But there might be others 
who wanted to use the Queen 
in this way. 

Mr Powell said: “I do not 
believe that our present sover- 
eign has ever played fool with 
any of her ministers, so I do 
not believe all the hoo-ha 
which certain persons, no 
doubt for their own interests, 
bare been putting around. 

“Yon might, if yon were a 
dirty dog, try In get your object 
by suggesting a difference 
between the sovereign and her 
ministers. Bot only a dirty dog 
wonld do that.” 

Mr George Gardiner, an 
Influential right-wing Tory 
MP, said: “What seems to 
have happened over the week- 
end is that some, who claim to 
be dose advisers to Her 
Majesty, bare taken it upon 
themselves to drag the Qneen 
into a political argument by 
giving a most unfortunate 
briefing on what they consider 
to be tiie Queen's private 

Ronald Butt, page 12 
Letters, page 13 

'‘•ffity irft- * 

With a final round of 69, 
Greg Norman of Austra- 
lia (above) won the golf 
Open at Turn berry yes- 
terday, his first big 
championship. His ag- 
gregate of 280 for the four 

(Photograph, Ian Stewart) 

Hattersley warns 
rich on taxation 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 
Mr Roy Hattersley, the would be used solely to in- 

shadow chancellor, yesterday 
classed the S per cent of 
people earning 127,000 a year 
or more as the “very rich”, 
and- said that a future 
Labour government their tax- 
es would be increased to the 
levels ofl979. 

Mr Hattersley was clarifying 
his party’s spending plans in 
the wake of the summit con- 
ference of shadow cabinet 
members at Bishop’s Stortford 
on Friday, when he rebuked 
Mr Michael Meacher, Labour 
health spokesman, for seeking 
to commit the party to 
uncos led increases in health 
and social services spending. 

He said that the £3.6 billion 
generated by the extra raxes 

Mr Hattersley: Rich to pay 

Pravda signals upturn 
in Soviet-UK relations 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Legal cover Palace denies No 10 clash 

P v 

■i u - 

A private insurance scheme 
has been launched to provide 
. individuals and immediate 
• family with up to £50,000 
cover for civil and criminal 
. legal expenses Pag® 3 

War warning 

- President Ortega of Nicaragua 
-said Central America risked 
. “total war" and caljed on 
President Reagan to abide by a 
World Court ruling seeking 
suspension of US aid to the 
. Contra rebels 

Computer aid 

Computers are belter than 
doctors at diagnosing stomach 
illnesses and thetr 
throughout the National 
Health Service could save 
.£23 million 1*8® 3 

Degree results 

Degrees awarded by Newcas- 
Se and Ulster universities i are 
published today F»8 e Zi 

Sources at Buckingham Pal- 

By Alan Hamilton 

made- aware that there were 

ace had volunteered the fact wider implications, 
that the Queen was unhappy “I was surprised, and 

that the Queen was unhappy 
with Mrs Margaret Thatcher s 

pressed by the calibre of the 

style of govenimoit, Mr An- Source. I am still puzzled .by 
S Neil, editor of The the motive; The Sunday 
Sunday Times, said yesterday. Times has no particular polm- 
Mr^Neil was defending a cal axe to gnnd on this issue, 

front-page report in his news- 
paper that the monarch con- 
sidered the Prime Minister’s 
approach “often to be uncar- 
ing, confrontational and so- 
cially divisive.” 

He said that while making 
inquiries at the Palace last 

Times has no particular politi- 
cal axe to grind on this issue, " 
Mr Neil said. 

He declined to name his 
source, but said that it was 
within the Palace. The conver- 
sations had taken place on the 
telephone; the paper had read 
back its proposed report to the 
palace source, and no objec- 

!Sk on the question of 

report issued late on Saturday 
.night “As with all previous 
prime ministers the Queen 
enjoys a relationship of the 
closest confidentiality with 
Mrs Thatcher and reports 
purporting to be the Queen's 
opinions of government poli- 
cies are entirely without 

Mr Shea issued a further 
specific denial that The Sunr 
day Times bad spoken to the 
Queen’s private secretary. Sir 
William Heseltine, who is her 
principal and closest adviser. 

The Communist Party 
newspaper. Pravda, yesterday 
hailed last week's visit to 
London by Mr Eduard Shev- 
ardnadze, the Soviet Foreign 
Minister, as a “landmark 
event in British-Soviet rela- 

The warm tone ofthe article 
was seen as a further signal of 
lhe recent sharp improvement 
in relations between London 
and Moscow. “Discussion of 
the entire range of issues of 
bilateral relations not only 
revealed good opportunities 
for their further development, 
but also produced tangible, 
practical results”, the paper 
said, referring to three agree- 
ments signed during the visit 
— including one settling out- 

sanctions against South Afnta 
and the Commonwealth 
Games, the paper had been 

Yesterday the Queen’s press 
secretary, Mr Michael Shea, 
repealed his denial of the 

He would not say which, if standing financial claims aris- 
any, other members of the ing from the 1917 revolution. 

- . _ The Kremlin’s recent drive 

L outlined on page lo, cm j _ j 0 improve ties with the main 

Bruised Bruno’s biggest injury is ‘to his pride’ 

HomeNe«8 2-5 

Appts I4.1| 

Arts . * Obituary 

Births^iefiths, psufianjent 

■S2T tdt sr 

asf ...» 

I Science 

' Oos5wordslA16 29 

11 * 

t >☆**** 

Frank Bnmo, who was tak- 
en to North wick Hospital 
yesterday morning with a nis- 

pected fracture of the jaw after 

his defeat in the world heavy- 
weight title bout,was found to 
be suffering only from severe 
bruising and was discharged 
after a short stay. 

Bruno, took a severe batter- 
ing to the head awl 
knocked down m the U™ 
££Sd by Tim Witherepooj , of 
the United States, at Wembley 
early yesterday. Afterthe bout 
tad talked of retiring, but 

Terry Lawless, his manager, still had a great future ahead 
sail; “He wants a few days of of him. 

• hie Kunilv WIlM 1 D -IJ n 

privacy with his family. When 
be has had that, we wiD talk 
things over” 

Although Bruno coaid well 
afford to retire — it is thought 
he will receive approximately 

He added: “The biggest £500,000 from this contest — 
roilin' is to his pride- He’s a bit he believes that as he gave the 

. . . ■' r ,1.. I . L.-J fi.Lt 1U.J 

«uire. at he’s in perfectly good champion a hard fight and 
glmpe “ - would like to by again. “I still 

Witherspoon, aged 28, who have my dreams,” he said, 
bad a swollen left eye, hidden B™ paid tribute to 
by dark glasses, told the press W ltiierspoon, sending hs best 
after e^rging fin m a 3pm 

breakfast, that Bruno “did a “great, great champion . 
Britain proud” and added that “He tas my fdl r«pert, Md 
be thought Bruno, aged 24, 1 hope he will go home with 

good thoughts of me, know 
what I mean?” digging at his 
familiar catchphrase. 

The World title bom was 
part of a series to unify the 
heavyweight tides of three 
world bodies and, even though 
Bruno was defeated, it is 
possible that he will get anoth- 
er tilt at the titie In 18 months 
time when a final champion 
has emerged. 

After Bnmo tad made his 
way back to the dressing room 
large sections of the 42,000 
crowd spilled onto the pitch 

and police made 25 arrests. 

The crowd, disappointed at 
the result, pressed forward up 
to the ring barriers and many 
threatened Witherspoon. 

The champion and his cor- 
ner men amid only find their 
way hack to the dressing room 
under heavy police guard. As 
Witherspoon was half way to 
the tunnel, chairs, which were 
not bolted down or linked to 
each other, were hurled in the 
direction of the champion, 

David Miller, page 27 
Fight report, page 30 

rounds put him five shots 
ahead of Gordon J Brand 
with a second British 
player, Ian Woosnam, 
sharing third place on 286 
with Bernard Langer of 
West Germany. Page 30 

crease pensions ami child 
benefits, to bring in long-term 
unemployment pay and to 
raise tax allowances for low- 
paid couples. 

Speaking on BBC Radio 4, 
he said; “ft seems to us wholly 
unreasonable that while the 
generality- of men and women 
are paving more taxes, the 
very rich, people earning 
£27,000 a year or more, should 
have benefitied”. 

Mr Hattersley said that only 
these four things could be 
done in the early period, “the 
first two years”, of a future 
Labour government Other 
desirable aims, such as new 
benefits for the disabled and 
one-pareni families, would 
have to wait until Britain 
could afford them. 

He said; “We are absolutely 
dear we are not going to spend 
money that we cannot be sure 
is there in the Treasury and 
ready to be spent”. 

The shadow chancellor said 
that he would bring in a 
wealth tax. but gave a warning 
that in its early years it would 
not generate the large amounts 
of money needed to under- 
write additional increases in 


face jail 

Front Christopher Walker 


The Soviet authorities hare 
launched criminal proceedings 
against workers at the 
Chernobyl nuclear plant who 
were blamed by so official 
report for causing the world’s 
worst nttdear disaster by con- 
ducting urauthorized scientific 
experiments without proper 

The number of workers has 
not been made public, tat the 
Kremlin has pledged that, 
after police investigations are 
complete, they wfll face trial. 
In addition, four senior offi- 
cials connected with the 
unclear industry have been 
dismissed and instructions for 
(he setting of new safety 
standards issued. 

According to the hard-hit- 
ting report, which has taken a 
state commission nearly three 
mouths to complete, the 
disaster in the Ukraine has 
already cost the Soviet econo- 
my the equivalent of £2 billion, 
taken 28 lives and inflicted 
radiation poisoning on 203 
people, 30 of whom are still in 

In stark contrast to the 
handling of earlier Soviet 
endear accidents, the commis- 
sion did tittle to cover up the 
enormity of foe disaster. It 
reported that a swathe of land 
measuring 386 square miles 
had been contaminated and 
tint “several hundred thou- 
sand people” had now been 

The report, which had been 
keenly awaited by Western 
governments, was presented to 
the Politburo at an extraordi- 
nary session in foe Kremlin on 
Saturday. As yet, it has not 
been released to foe public and 
the only account of its findings 
is a seven-page summary dis- 
tributed by Tass. 

There was no indication 
yesterday of when foe report 
wonld be issued, although the 
Soviet authorities have agreed 
to present a version of it to a 
spatial session of foe Interna- 
tional Atomic Energy Agency. 
Tass reported that this is now 
due to be held In Vienna in 

The agency’s account of foe 
POtitbtsro session also called 
for international co-operation 
to devise measures to protect 
nuclear plants from attack by 
terrorists. This has become a 
growing concern since the 
demonstration given by 
Chernobyl of foe enormous 
damage which could be done 
by sabotaging a nuclear 

Although the report made 
dear for the first time that 
human error was the sole 
cause of the accident on April 
26, Western experts said fast 
night that it had left a number 
of important questions unan- 
swered, induding the details of 
the experiments being con- 

Continned on page Id, col 7 . 

Fit for a 

• Suzy Menkes 
reveals the source of 
the inspiration 
behind the design by 

Lindka Cierach 
(above) for Sarah 
Ferguson’s wedding 
dress and looks at the 
team behind the 

• Who’s in and 
who's out: a portrait of 
the couple’s wide 
and varied social circle 

Portrait of 
a wedding 

• A role on the 

royal stage: a profile of 
the couple and their 

• From the Palace 

to Westminster Abbey: 
an illustrated guide 
to the procession and 
itsroute with full 
TV details and 

• The ceremony: 
the full order of 
service plus the 
seating plan in the 
Abbey and a guide 
to the participants 

• The most vivid 
and comprehensive 
report ofthe 
wedding of the year 





West European nations will 
continue today when Herr 
Hans- Dietrich Genscher, the 
West German Foreign Minis- 
ter, begins talks in foe Krem- 
lin which are expected to 
include arms control. 

The West German Minis- 
ter’s foree-day visit follows 
one earlier this month by Pre- 
sident Mitterrand of France 
and comes as personal envoys 
have been despatched by Mr 
Gofbacbov to European and 
other world capitals lo outline 
in detail foe new Soviet in- 
itiave on arms control made 
public last month. 

• WASHINGTON: Presid- 
ent Reagan is sending envoys 
to Europe, Asia and Canada to 
outline his planned formal 
response later this month to 
new Soviet arms control pro- 
posals (Christopher Thomas 



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Cabinet looks 

at scheme to 
put new life in 
derelict areas 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 


Large derelict areas 
r Britain's cities may be put in 
: the hands of new urban devel- 
opment corporations under a 
■■ radical plan going going to a 
Cabinet committee under the 
“Prime Minister’s chairman- 
ship early this week. 

Lord Young of Graffham, 
•'the Secretary of State for 
Employment, and Mr Paul 
: ■ Channon, Secretary of State 
: • for Trade and Industry, are 
. now strongly backing the De- 

• partment of the Environ- 
ment’s proposals to establish 
corporations based on the 

• London Docklands and 

• Merseyside development cor- 
- porations set up in 1981. It is 

thought that two or three 
.• could be formed. 

Mr Channon, originally 
concerned that such corpora- 
. lions would trample on the 
department's regional policy 
.responsibilities, has now 
dropped his opppsition. 

The Prime Minister is un- 
derstood to be enthusiastic 
about the plan, under which 
certain run-down areas would 
"be run by government-ap- 
pointed bodies and funded by 
' the Government and the pri- 
vate sector. 

Opposition is expected 
from the local authorities in 
the areas chosen. For that 
reason it is expected that they 
will be in the less heavily 
populated areas of the big 

One is expected to be sited 
on the outskirts of Manches- 
ter, another near Birmingham. 
Ifthereisathird it will almost 
certainly be in the North-East. 

The initiative was the brains 
child of Mr John Patten, 
Minister for Housing, Urban 
Affairs and Construction. It 
has been enthusiastically 
backed by Mr Nicholas Rid- 
ley, the Secretary of State for 
the Environment, since he 
took over the post in May. 

It is designed to meet 
criticism that the £3 30m 
which the Government 
spends on the urban pro- 
gramme has not been directed 
at the areas of the greatest 
need. Ministers feel the great 
advantage of the corporations 
is seen is that they can operate 
without local authority 

They could be set up, 
without new legislation, under 
the Local Government, Plan- 
ning and Land Act, 1980, 

Ship letter admission 

The Director of Public Re- 
lations for the Royal Navy 
acknowledged yesterday that 
he used a false name on a letter 
published in The Times on 
June 7 about the controversy 
over the design of frigates. 

Captain Guy Liardet had at 
first refused to say whether he 
had written the letter, signed 
“Nicholas Warder, although 
he agreed that the address was 

But at the weekend he 
admitted being the author. A 
ministry statement said the 
letter was written “in an 
entirely personal capacity” 
and denied that it was con- 

ducting a campaign against 
the “short, fat” frigate design. 

The ministry is to set up an 
independent inquiry into the 
relative merits of “ short, fat" 
and “long, thin” frigates. 

Labour in 
push for 


An attempt is to be made to 
force a statement from the 
Government on the Westland 
leak affair before the Com- 
mons rises for the summer 
recess at the end of this week. 

A report on the leak of a 
letter by Sir Patrick Mayhew, 
the Solicitor General, to Mr 
Michael Heseltine, the former 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
is to be published by the 
Commons’ Select Committee 
on Defence cm Thursday. 

A dispute over the future of 
the Westland helicopter com- 
pany in January led to the 
resignation of Mr Heseltine 
and Mr Leon Britton, the 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry. 

The committee's report is 

said to be highly critical of Mr 
Robert Armstrong, the Cabi- 
net Secretory, and Mr Bernard 
Ingham, the Prime Minister's 
Press Secretory. 

It is -also said to discuss 
whether Sir Michael Havers, 
the Attorney-General, was 
party to a cover-op attempt by 
holding of a bogus inquiry into 
the leak. 

The Labour Party, accord- 
ing to MPs yesterday, may be 
ready to vote against a motion 
that the Commons should 
adjourn for the summer recess, 
to emphasize the importance 
they attach to the issue. 

Mr John Biffen, Leader of 
the Commons, is due to reply 
to the adjournment debate on 
behalf of the Government. , 
Mr Peter Shore, Shadow 
Leader of the Commons, is 
expected to devote much of his 
speech to analysing the con- 
clusions of the committee's 

Mr Tam Dalyell, Labour 
MP for Linlithg ow, yesterday 
wrote to the Attorney-General 
asking why the leaked letter 
from the Solkftor-General 
was sent to Mr Ingham and 
asking if Sir Michael was 
consulted abont the decision to 
write to Mr Heseltine in the 
first place. 

Motorists halt to exercise and relax at the Granada service station on the M5 at Exeter as part of a potice^ ampaig n to cut 
the number of accidents daring the holiday period involving tired, long-distance drivers bound for West Country resorts. 

Fears grow after 
Belfast killing 

By Richard Ford 

A “loyalist” assassination 
squad is bringing fear to 
Roman Catholics in north 
Belfast after the third sectarian 
killing in the area in 10 days. 

The outlawed Protestant 
Action Board (PAB), believed 
to be a flag of convenience for 
the illegal Ulster Volunteer 
Force, lured a part-time taxi 
driver to his death on Satur- 
day night 

The group booked a taxi 
from a company widely 
known to employ mainly Ro- 
man Catholics. When Martin 
Duffy, aged 28, a father of 
three, arrived to pick up the 
fare he was shot three times in 
the face, chest and arm. 

He staggered to the car park 
of a hotel where a passing 
Army patrol radioed for an 
ambulance. But he died one 

hour after being admitted to 

Mr Duffy, a fireman, lived 
in Manor Street, north Belfast, 
which has been the scene of 
sectarian trouble between resi- 
dents of the ISO-home devel- 
opment. Protestants and 
Roman Catholics have been 
forced to flee their homes and 
a 12ff-high fence is to be built 
to keep the two communities 
apart in what bas taken on the 
appearance of a territorial war. 

The Protestant Action 
Board, which has admitted 
killing a Roman Catholic 
building worker and a student 
since July 10, claimed respon- 
sibility for the latest killing. 

A caller said that Mr Duffy 
was a known republican who 
had been involved in intimi- 
dation in the area. 

•’“’t 1 


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Jail heroin barons 
hunted by police 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Police are investigating alle- 
gations of trading in heroin at 
Highpoint Prison, Suffolk. 
Thirty-two drug finds have 
been made at the jail this year. 

Mr Phil Hornsby, assistant 
secretary of the Prison Offi- 
cers Association, which is 
calling for the Government to 
recognize the growing drug 
abuse in jails, said: “It comes 
as no surprise to the POA that 
heroin has been discovered 
there or in any other prison. 

“But as far as I know and 
recollect the problem at 
Highpoint is minor when 
compared with many other 

Newspaper photographs 
published yesterday showed 
alleged drug abuse by identifi- 
able prisoners. The Home 
Office confirmed that one 
prisoner at Highpoint was 
jailed for a year after admit- 
ting he allowed his home in 
London to be used in the 
supply of heroin. 

The POA said yesterday 
that the IRA often controls the 
supply of drugs in top security 
prisons — Highpoint has a 
lower security category — and 
puts pressure on weaker pris- 

When prisoners become eli- 
gible for home leave at the end 
of sentences, “heavies” who 
control drugs will tell them to 
bring back a supply. 

The POA said that oiie 
danger of the drug problem 
was that drugs could artificial- 

ly boost a prisoner’s confi- 
dence, with the result they 
indulged in what they saw as 
heroics, became vicious and 
threatened the safety of staff. 

“Generally the level of as- 
saults on staff has more than 
doubled in the past year. The 
level of assaults' between in- 
mates has more than trebled 
in the past year” 

Northeye .Prison, badly 
damaged by riots, has a simi- 
lar population to Highpoint, 
the association says. “Abuse 
of drugs is the reason the 
prisoners rioted." 

The association demanded 
almost two years ago that all 
prisoners should be searched 
in accordance with Horae 
Office rules at least once every 
14 days. 

But because of the financial 
squeeze, Mr Hornsby said, the 
Deputy Director General, Mr. 
Gordon Lakes, put out an 
instruction effectively chang- 
ing the rules, removing the 14- 
day requirement 

The Home Office said yes- 
terday: “We have got more 
prison sniffer dogs trained. 
They make random visits at 
governors requests. They are 
based for most of the time in 
some of the bigger prisons." 

Last week, the Commons 
social services committee said 
that cannabis may be quite 
commonly found in . some 
prisons, but the extent of hard 
drugs was probably exaggerat- 
ed. * 


to York 

- The 'Bishop of Durham, the 
Rt Rev David Jenkins, 
preached at York Minster 

-yesterday for- the first time 
since the- fire.- caused by 
lightning, that destroyed part 
of it a few . days after his 
consecration there in July 
1984. - 

He repeated the views on 
the Bible and historical accu- 
racy that led to demonstra- 
tions against hi m a nd r 
suggestions of divine retribu- 

The minster was full yester- 
day to hear him speak at the 
early morning service. . 

He said that the .writers of 
the Gospels had been more 
concerned with passing on 
their faith than with historical 

“The story is important not 
for its historical accuracy, still 
less its scientific description. 

It is important- for its 

The bishop added that stud- 
ies had shown that the early 
Christians had not been con- 
cerned with historical accura- 
cy in the way that people were 

“They wrote them down by >■ - 
writing them up,” he said, and v 
added that he was convinced 
there was an element of truth 
in many of the miracle stories. 
However they bad been built 
up to be even more 

Dr Jenkins said that people 
could not expea miracles on 
demaud when the going got 

- He said afterwards that he 
had no plans to attend any 
service marking the reopening 
of the repaired mmsren“l 
think Td rather let all that lie, 
and I haven't received an 
invitation yet, anyway.” 

oath after 

, nil 1 * 


-- » V' v • 


China in talks 

on Everest 

Gun training 
for Customs 


Customs officers are to 
receive specialist firearms 
training from Scotland Yard, 
but a report claiming that they 
would be armed for drug 
smuggling operations was de- 
nied yesterday. 

Scotland Yard's Dll unit 
will provide training for some 
of Britain's 7,000 uniformed 
customs officers to help them 
to detect and handle con- 
cealed weapons. 

A newspaper report said 
yesterday that customs inves- 
tigations units would be 
armed as part of the 
Government's campaign to 
eradicate the smuggling and 
use of hard drugs. 

But a Customs spokesman 
rejecied the report. He said 
the police training was intend- 
ed to enhance a range of 
training courses. 

The police said: “Training 
in the recognition and safe 
handling of firearms which 
customs officers may come 
across in the course of their 
duty is to be provided by Dl 1, 
but there is no question of 
customs officers themselves 
being armed or trained in the 
use of firearms". 

Code to check 
Ho let’ signs 
in flats boom 

A group of estate agents to 
Loudon is to draw op a code for 
the siting of “to let” boards, 
’relying on specific permission 
from the vendor and comply- 
ing with planning regulations 
(Christopher Wu rman writes). 

The move comes in the wake 
of a boom in property sales, 
with a huge number of new 
agents starting business. In 
many cases, the new agents 
put up their boards wherever 
they see' others, and often 
convince the owners of flats 
that they have been instructed 
to sell toe property. 

Farrar Stead and Glynn, of 
south-west London, is one of 
an increasing number of estate 
agents concerned about the 
growing forest of boards. It 
says “to let" signs attract 
burglars, squatters and 

It is advising its rental 
clients not to use the boards. 

Mr Sandy Gauvain, for the 
firm, said yesterday it wel- 
comed the restrictions im- 
posed last month on all boards 
by Kensington and Chelsea 
Borough Council. 

Talks will be held in Lon- 
don this week between Chi- 
nese government officials and 
organizers of the latest British 
expedition to Mount Everest 
to deride whether the climbers 
will make their attempt on the 
unconquerednorth-east ridge. 

The expedition, comprising 
seven former SAS soldiers and 
a group of British mountain- 
eers, is due to leave next week, 
but visas have not been issued 
by the Chinese authorities and 
expedition leaders have ad- 
mitted finding difficulties in 
raising tike last of the £220,000 

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Fairies with 
human faces 

Tea still 

A set of fairies photo- 
graphed flying around a girl in 
a ditch in the Yorkshire Dales 
70 years ago were drawings. 
Mrs Elsie Hill, aged 85, from 
Bunny, Nottinghamshire, a 
former student at Bradford 
Art School, said yesterday: “I 
drew the fairies, cut them out 
and stuck them in the 

The girl, her cousin Frances; 
who died last week, always 
maintained they were real. 

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Ban sought on 
‘racist’ Biggies 

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Biggies and Enid Blyton's 
Famous Five could be banned 
from Oxfordshire libraries 
after complaints by Labour 

The county Labour Group 
said yesterday that it was 
seeking a ban on Enid Biyton 
books because they .were 
“sexist", and on Biggies books 
because they were “racist". 

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Yorkshire’s exiles 

Strong desire to move back 

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Twelve years after focal 
government reorganization 
exiled" thousands of 
Yorks hireman into the new 
county of Cleveland, a cam- 
paign to win back their birth- 
right is gaining fresh 

Three towns have held ref- 
erendnms which have resulted 
in votes to move back within 
the borders of Yorkshire, bat 
the efforts to persuade the 
Boundary Commission to 
agree has led to an acrimoni- 
ous exchange between the two 
county councils involved. 

Mr John Clout, the Conser- 
vative leader of North York- 
shire County Council, has 
gone so far as to issue a 
statement accnsing the 
neighbouring authority of 
making “scurrilous" attacks. 

And the Labour leader of 
Cleveland, Mr Bryan Hanson, 
has responded: “We do offer 
better services than North 
Yorkshire, if more expensive. I 
think the votes of people to 
return to Yorkshire is not jnst 
of the heart but also of the 

Rates to North Yorkshire, 
the largest county in Britain, 
are substantially cheaper than 
in Cleveland. 

Peter Davenport 
The exchanges between the 
neighbouring councils have 
reached a peak as the three 
towns now in Cleveland — 
Yarns, Guisborough and 
Loftns — have all returned 
referendum results electing to 
go into North Yorkshire. 

The votes have been 
forwarded to the Boundary 
Commission, which is carrying 
out a review of anomalies. 

Some residents who found 
themselves to Cleveland after 
the 2974 reorganization could 
not reconcile themselves with 
losing their Yorkshire birth- 

his statement, ‘Yann: the 
Headlines and the Facts' Mr 
Clout accused Cleveland offi- 
cials of making scnrriloas 
attacks on the quality of 
services his authority 

They were contained in a 
leaflet issued by Cleveland to 
the run-up to the referendum 
among the 8,000 residents of 
the market town which result- 
ed in a 2 - 1 poll to favour of 

returning to Yorkshire. 
Mr Gout 

said the leaflet 
stated that there were twice as 
many police and firemen to 
Cleveland per bead of popula- 
tion compared with North 

Yorkshire, but ignored the fact 

that the serious crime rate was 
tmee as high, and that the 
chemical and oil installations 
in the county were regarded as 

Mr Cfoat, who said his 
&ffith®iraty had not actively 
campaigned to persuade the 
towns to choose to move back 
to North Yorkshire, added 

“I have never in my whole 
political life attacked another 
authority, and it is most 
unusual for that to happen. 
But I owed it- to my own 
ratepayers to challenge the 

The residents of Yann ig- 
nored the advice of their own 
parish council to stay hi 
Cleveland and last week the 
20,000 resident of 

Gmsborongb voted gjong the 
same fines, • 

. Mf Hanson said his author- 
tty issaed the leaflet to coun? 
teracf .some views bring 
expressed during tire referen- 
dum campaign, and added: 
“We would resist any move to 
put these places into North 
Yorkshire. It would not —h* 
23®y administrative sense. 
They are a natural part of this 
conurbation." * 

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Family insurance offer 
to cover expenses of 
criminal prosecution 

THE TIMES MONiuAr Juli 2i ivoq 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

wi thconii^SJ nl? 1 ^ launched its policies in May, civil da 
ter fa $£^Z2^SS W - «id: -We am obviously n6t and pe. 

, e ® 3 Expenses seekine lO insure knnwn rrim- 

launched its policies in May, 
said: **We am obviously not 
insurance bWU seekin S to insure known crim- 

5Sg?f « s«T4 h ^ 

Protection as part of its But the cover could assist a 
general iamily policy for legal family where the wife sudden- 
expenses. !y finds herself on a shoplifting 

. Aimed to be an alternative ^arge or the children run into 
certain circumstances to lrou * J * e w * t b the police and 
criminal legal aid, the scheme °P in court, he said. 

rramw? "Unlike legal aid, il is not 
individual alvfWc i£« -£*• M means testol nor does it take 
2SJi s several weeks to come 

« n £sn/vjw an “ "Unlike legal aid, i 

s m efe«e n k 0 / d S 

laimly to defend their legal ihroueh ” 
rights, including appeal or 
defence of appeal against *" e scheme win not cover 
judgement, conviction or fi n «, penalties or prosecution 
sentence. costs “because to do so would 

Until now, insurance cover °^ ent * against public policy” 
for criminal prosecution has a . nd there is also some resiric- 
beeo limited to defence of fion on tbe choice of lawyer it 
motoring prosecution and the “ unlikely, or example, the 
defence of companies and company would agree to pay 
employees for offences related * or Sir David Napley to 

to their occupations. 

.Mr John Long, managing 
director of Allianz, which 

defend the insured. 

As with the rest of the 
iamily policy, which covers 

Action plea on court 
oath after talks fail 

By Our Legal Affairs Correspondent 
Lord H a fisham of St Mary- simple promise before God 

J- ** 

- .■ m'* 

Ban soflgb v 
•racist’ % - 

tehoue, the Load Chancellor, is 
to be asked to set up a working 
party on whether the oath in 
cml and criminal proceedings 
should he reformed after stale- 
mate at talks between the legal 
profession and the Church of 

Tire Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Dr Robert Runde, has 
steadfastly opposed proposals 
front magistrates, the Law 
Society ana justices’ clerks to 
abolish the oath taken by 
witnesses and to replace it 
with a simple promise to tell 
the truth. 

But in reply to a question on 
the issue raised at the instiga- 
tion of the Law Society at the 
recent General Synod in York 
of the Church of England, he 
said be woold co-operate with 
any commission of inquiry. 

A renewed campaign to 
abolish the oath was started 
two years ago because die oath 
was felt to be an “out of date 
ritual with little or no 
meaning” for most people. 

The legal groups favour a 

Tea still 
the top 

Tea is still the lop drink 
with the British who drink 
about 196 million cups every 
day, according to figures re- 
leased yesterday. 

The British cup of tea 
accounts for 45 per cent of 
everything we drink and on 
average we consume 3.77 cups 
a day. compared with 1 .8 cups 
of coffee, 1.3 cups of alcohol, 
1.03 cups of soft drinks and 
0.19 cups of milk. 

Almost half our daily drink 
is tea; 21 per cent is coffee, 
19 per cent alcohol, 12 per 
cent soft drinks and 4 per cent 
others, the Tea Council says. 

In Britain the annual con- 
sumption of tea per person is 
1,355 cups, compared with 
889 cups in New Zealand, 
which comes second, 642 cups 
in Australia, 325 cups ui 
Russia and 321 cups in the 
United States. 

Two shot in 

■ Two people were injured 
when two gunmen shot at 
customers in The Pleasantry 
restaurant in King s Road, 
Chelsea, west London, early 
yesterday, and ran off 

Miss Pamela Taylor, aged 
22, of Ebury Bridge Road, 
Pimlico, west London, and Mr 
Patrick Kynch, aged 23, of 
Ridgeway, w ' mb!e ^^i 
south-west London, werp 
treated in St Stephen s hosg- 
taU Fulham, for bullet 
wounds, said not to be serious. 

SEES.*** ^ Sv JS5S5T- w 

Dr Douglas Acres, chair- • The blackmail business is 
man of the Magistrates Asso- booming again, with the exior- 
oation, said: “First and tioners cashing in on harder- 
foremost, for someone to come jpg social attitudes, 
into the witness box and have computerized personal 
to make a choice as to whether records and fear of unemploy- 
to affirm or swear an oath is mem (the Press Association 
immediately divisive. reports). 

Second, be said, if someone _. . , . . 

was minded to tell tire troth, The r n “ mber I S co ! t,e 3 
they would do so anyway, cases of blackmail m England 
irrespective of whether Wales increased stead, y 

had sworn to do so. Third, the SS m i?*? 5 
fear of prosecution for peijnry 

^ellTr 1970 1974 

SLn" htU ° and lOM thcfiEurc slumped 

Another proposal being can- ^ 752 cases to 561, but 
vassed is to reverse the present 3?® 0 ^ in 8 lo ^ Home Of- 
assumption that witnesses £ S JfiImh2 »n 

would take the oath unless ^ number up 

they choose to affirm. In that a&ajn t0 ^ 14 - 
way everyone would antomati- Mr Michael Hepworth, an 
rally affir m to tell the troth, authority on blackmail, has 
unless they opt for the oath. said the anii-permissive back- 
Neither proposal meets with lash, along with a tightening 
the approval of tire church job market and access to 
which describes its response computer records, provides an 

civil claims such as consumer 
and personal injury disputes, 
motoring claims and employ- 
ment disputes, the insurance 
company insists that the solic- 
itor chosen should have exper- 
tise in the area of the dispute 
and the company is drawing 
up a network of such 

The Allianz family policy, 
which costs £68 a year, will 
cover civil claims where in the 
opinion of the lawyer chosen, 
there is a reasonable prospect 
of success. 

About half a dozen compa- 
nies arc in the legal expenses 
insurance market, including 
the Sun Alliance consortium 
backed by the Law Society. 
But only an estimated four 
million people in Britain have 
legal insurance, including 
company schemes, compared 
with more than half the popu- 
lation in West Germany. 

One reason for the poor 
take-up is the exclusion of 
existing policies: none of them 
offers a comprehensive policy 
for divorce, for example. 

The biggest growth has been 
in motoring legal insurance, 
but Mr Long predicts poten- 
tial growth in cover for con- 
sumer and personal injury 
disputes, as well as for new 
areas such as intellectual prop- 
erty and copyright. 

• The blackmail business is 
booming again, with the extor- 
tioners cashing in on harden- 
ing social attitudes, 
computerized personal 
records and fear of unemploy- 
ment (the Press Association 

The number of recorded 
cases of blackmail in England 
and Wales increased steadily 
from the 1950s to the early 
70s. The figure stood at 118 
cases in 1950 , 241 in 1960 and 
389 in 1970. But between 1974 
and 1980, the figures slumped 
from 752 cases to 56 J, but 
according to latest Home Of- 
fice figures the statistics for 
1985 show the number up 
again to 614. 

Mr Michael Hepworth, an 
authority on blackmail, has 
said the anti-permissive back- 
lash, along with a tightening 

as “lukewarm’ 

Robot revolution 
for Japanese cars 

European car makers strug- 
gling to match Japanese rivals 
will fall further behind when 

factories using only a mini- are kept secret- 

mum of workers come into 
operation, it was claimed 

A report on the Japanese 
motor industry says that by 
1 the 1 990s the Japanese will be 
, producing 300,000 cars a year 
using a workforce of 95 people 
per shift. “Intelligent” com- 
puters will be able to reorga- 
nize output according to 
changing market demands. 

Professor Krisb Bhaskar, 
head of the Motor Industry 
Research Unit at the East 
Anglia University, has calcu- 
lated that on average a robot 
will pay for itself within two 

The report concludes that 
Japanese cars have a clear 
advantage over Western cars 
in quality and reliability, al- 
though it admits that evidence 
is difficult to come by because 
of the varying standards man- 

j-mr hS 

__ , . ombe store, to be built near 

TTIflPSS SnlD the M40 motorway, »s a 

UlllCaa recognition of the trend for 

returns home a™ 

The P&O liner, Cjrobenj menl in principle to buy 
was due to return to South- ^ hl ^ nd _ a . fia !f acres of land 
ampton today with health a ^ igh Wycombe and hopes 
investigators on board sUh 0 ^ n ihe store by early 
i hv rfa» cause or an , n0 o ?, «.„-n h* hm , near an 

in 0 nen the store by early 

baffled" by the cause ot an l9 ss. U will be built near an said that me group ws pre- 
illness which has affected - t j n g development by pared for a big shift in 
more than 1 60 people on a 21- “g * lhe grocery shopping patients. We can- 
day Mediterranean cruise. -superstore” chain, which is not ignore the current of 
The 24-hour illness has J^h e Leeds-based ADG. change, which is lradtng to a 
<truck on the ship’s last five P^ ° olher j 0 hn Lewis growth m out-of-town 
S32L An rariier inspects planned for Ater- shopprag,- he smd. 

disclosed "appall>' 1 8 a »“ “ , “ 

Illegitimate births nse 

Family killed 

•■SKSS- gilisl 2SF»ge 

tsBrw* ?g |S§- SESSSBIa 

sSJSfcSS !!W« 2&.-S5S2 

and their cnuareiu , sases and Surveys. . ^.k SJ2 per cent in 

growth in out-of-town 
shopping,” he said. 

Illegitimate births rise in age of live-in couples 

Dame Alicia Markova teaching yesterday at the Yorkshire ballet seminar, Ilkley. 

Stonehenge and tourism 

Cultural showpiece delayed 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 
Efforts to tum Stonehenge Commons select committee chairman of English Heritage, 

into a cultural showpiece free 
of the present cramped tourist 
facilities have nin into new 
trouble after more than a year 
of bargaining with 

English Heritage, which 
owns the monument, has 
found land for a new car park 
and tourist complex away 
from the stone circle. 

Bui it cannot persuade any- 
one to release the space need- 
ed to allow access for tourist 
traffic from main roads near 
by, and no date has been fixed 
for building to start. 

Meanwhile the English Her- 
itage concept of clearing tour- 
ist traffic away from the 
monument has itself been 
questioned by MPs on the 

on the environment. 

Mr Norman Miscampbell, 
QC, Conservative MP for 
Blackpool North, told Lord 
Elton. MinisterofStateat the 
Department of the Environ- 
ment responsible for the heri- 
tage and planning, that he was 
“gravely disturbed” by the 
plans adopted for Stonehenge 
by English Heritage. He said 
that his worry had been shared 
by Mr Chris Smith. Labour 
MP for Islington South and 

Mr Miscampbell said that 
English Heritage seemed “to 
have dismissed in a rather 
cavalier manner” other 
schemes which were “infinite- 
ly more attractive for 

Lord Montagu of Beaulieu, 

ideal environment in which 
blackmail can flourish. 

[Carpark i 

c-, Larkha 



The Aremue 


"V A303 




ufacturers impose on claims 
for warranty payments, and 
because actual warranty costs 

MM bus rout* | 
for eWerfy and 

disabled j 

•Visitor Contra; 
fcmki car park 

The report claims that 
Nissan cars sold in Britain 
have an average warranty cost 
of only £17 a year compared 
with £48 for VauxhalL £56 for 
Ford and £100 for Austin 
Rover. It admits, however, 
that its findings are based on 
last year’s results and that 
Austin Rover in particular has 
made “a dramatic 

Quality and the Japanese Motor 
Industry: Lessons for the West? 
(University of East Anglia, Nor- 
wich. £95). 

• Ford, which has built more 
than 20 million cars in Britain, 
is searching for the first car it 
ever made, at Manchester in 
191 J. 

Il believes it has the oldest 
surviving car, a Model T 
Torpedo Runabout, which 
was assembled at Trafford 
Park in February 1912, but it 
is possible an older one exists. 

f Stonehenge'-^ 

: Kr -2. 

Tbe Avenoe 

’*VA3» ' 

[Engbsh I 

l Heritage -B 

sees the improvement of 
Stonehenge, one of the most 
popular and important ar- 
chaeological monuments in 
Europe, as a key test of his 

English Heritage was found- 
ed just over two years ago with 
the task of taking over and 
marketing the castles and 
archaeological remains run by 
the Department of the Envi- 
ronment. It decided that the 
bat way to display Stone- 
henge was to clear all its 
tourist shops and traffic away 
so that the stone circle could 
be set in acres of open 

Most visitors would have to 
walk to it from the new car 
park, although a minibus 
would be provided for elderly 
and disabled people. At 
present, a main road passes 
dose to the monument over a 
concrete subway which leads 
from the car park near by to 
the stone circle itseif. 

The English Heritage plan 
means dosing the mam road 
and building a larger car park 
and tourist centre to the north 
near the garrison town of 
Larkhilt. But although the 
Ministry of Defence has of- 
fered land, there has been no 
agreement with it or local 
private landowners. 

“Schemes that require peo- 
ple to be transported half a 
mile to Stonehenge need lo be 
examined very carefully,” Mr 
Miscampbell said. 

Alternative schemes involv- 
ing an underground car park 
near the site of the present 
open-air one were rejected by 
English Heritage last year. 

John Lewis moves to 
out-of-town shopping 

By Our Industrial Editor 

The John Lewis Partnership deen, to open in autumn 1 989, 
is to open three new stores by and at Kingston, Surrey, to 
1 990 including its first out-of- open by 1 990. Extensions to a 
town’ outlet on a green field number of existing stores are 
site at High Wycombe, Buck- also planned. 

1 ingham shire. a spokesman for John Lew- 

Until now, the partnership j 5 said that the High Wycombe 
is concentrated on town slore wou id concentrate on 
intres but the High wyc- f ur niiure, furnishings and Jei- 
nbe store, to be built near sure There would be no 
e M40 motorway, j s a fashion departments because 
cognition of ffie trend tor lhose ij nes were seen as be- 
lopping away from towns. longing to areas of intense 
The group has reach ea corn petition, such as town 
jreement in principle to buy centres. 

Mr Stuart Hampson, direc- 
tor of research and expansion, 
said that the group was pre- 
pared for a big shift in 
shopping patterns. “We can- 

for butter 
at £7.20 

A new “shopping basket” 
for people taking self-catering 
holidays abroad has come up 
with some surprising finds. 

A kilo (2 lb 2 oz) of butter 
in Cyprus costs as little as 
£1.34 but in Yugoslavia it can 
be £7.20. 

In Corfu. 250 grams of tea 
cost £1.18, while on the Costa 
del Sol die price is £3.20. 

The guide, published yester- 
day by Thomas Cook, shows 
self-caterers are likely to find 
Cyprus, Rhodes and Corfu the 
cheapest places, with Yugosla- 
via cheapest of all if butter is 
excluded. Yugoslavs do not 
use butter on their bread. 

Tenerife, Majorca and the 
Algarve in Portugal, are the 
three dearest. 

Two out of five holiday- 
makers going abroad are self- 
catering. To help them, 
Thomas Cook checked on 
prices in local supermarkets of 
IS items in nine different 
countries including England. 

A botiie of beer costs 16p in 
Majorca but 55p in Rhodes. A 
litre of water on the Costa de 
Sol is 1 3p, but 32p in Tenerife. 

Based on the cost of all 15 
items, Cyprus proved cheap- 
est at £14.39, Rhodes £15.73, 
followed by Corfu £19.06. The 
three dearest were Tenerife 
£24.34, Majorca £23.17, and 
the Algarve £22.81. 

Yugoslavia would have 

£10 winter I Study into 

not ignore the current of been the cheapest, at £13.89, if 
change, which is leading to a it had not been for the butter. 

The cost of the 15 items in 
England worked out at £21 .46. 

on offer 

By Derek Harris 

Lunn Poly, one of the three 
biggest travel agency chains, 
yesterday offered more than 

10.000 winter holidays in Brit- 
ain and abroad at prices 
between £10 and £59. 

They represent redactions 
of a half to three quarters on 
normal prices although the 
overseas holiday dates, desti- 
nations and hotels w£U be 
known only a month before 

The Limn Poly initiative 
comes after a spate of bargain 
offers for winter holidays from 
leading operators such as 
Thomson Holidays and 

The holidays offered by 
Loan Poly in Britain are 500 
weekends with foil board at 
five Butlins hotels, at £10 
including value added tax 
compared with a normal price 
of £35 pins VAT. The weekend 1 
breaks are betweeen January , 
and March. 

A bargain offer, limited to 

1.000 holidays on a stand-by 
bans, is for seven-day breaks 
in Spain for £25 each. There 
are another 9,000, again on a 
stand-by basis, at £59 each in 
Spain, Portugal and Malta. 
All these stand-by offers com- 
pare with a fall brochure price 
of about £J 00. 

The offers are part of the 
aggressive promotional ap- 
proach by Lana Poly which is 
forecasting that np to 250,000 
additional holidays will be 
l sold 

More British couples are 
living together instead of get- 
ting married, and almost one 
in fire children bora in E»- 
dand and Wales last year was 
legitimate, a stndy shows. 

registered in joint names, 65 
per cent last year compared 
with 49 per cent in 1975. 

The Family Policies Studies 
Centre said yesterday that 
more illegitimate children are 
born in the United Kingdom 
than in most of the rest of 

France. But in Sweden, Ice- growing number for whom this 
land and Denmark more than * is pot the case. 

and Nichola, aged two, 
found in a rear bedroomofthe 
house. Poli<* were not treating 

the fire as suspicious. 

Many women haring dJ3- 
dren were cohabiting. This 
was shown by the nsing 
number of illegitimate girths 

pared with 5.2 per cent m 
Belgian* 7 per cent in The 
Netherlands, 4.8 per cent in 
Italy and 14J per cent in 

40 per cent of children were 
born out of wedlock. 

Between the early 1960s and 
early 1980s, the number of 
women under 25 who lived 
with their husband before 
marriage rose from 2 per cent 
to 21 per cent Bat Mr 
Malcolm Wicks, director of 
the centre, said marriage was 
still Eavoored by most British 

But he added: “Thee is a 

<*, V 

“ Although some flfegftzmaie 
births are accidental, the in- 
crease is much more doe to 
coupes firing together in some 
form of stable relationship and 
having children, presumably 
as a matter of policy.” 

“Attitudes generally to- 
wards cohabitation and sex 
before marriage are much 
more liberal than they used to 

Computers could 
eliminate much 
stomach surgery 

By a Staff Reporter 



By B9I Johnstone 

Scientists at one of Britain’s 
main food laboratories are 
trying to discover how to give 
food cooked in microwave 
ovens the same flavour as that 
achieved by traditional 

Food technologists who de- 
velop flavourings at PPFs 
International laboratories in 
Ashford. Kent, say about 15 
percent of British homes now 
have microwave ovens and an 
increasing number of food 
products now cany instruc- 
tions for cooking by 

They said modem eating 
habits, tastes and social habits 
are providing the impetus for 
their research. 

Because of the rapidity of 
heating in microwave ovens, 
the margin of error is much 
smaller ihan in conventional 

The scientists are conduct- 
ing research projects to see 
how flavourings designed to 
mature in a cooking cycle 
measured in hours, can reach 
their peak when the process is 
completed in minutes. 

The team can take virtually 
any foodstuff or smell, analyse 
its chemical composition and 
reconstruct the principal in- 
gredients. A computer 
database of 20,000 different 
fragrance types assist in iden- 
tifying scents while a bank of 
more than 1.500 “flavour- 
building blocks” helps the 
technologists to reproduce the 
required flavour. 

The average consumer has 
also become much more 
health conscious, they said 
The dental problems related 
to sugar and those attributed 
to salt-suspected connection 
with blood pressure, has also 
meant that flavours must be 

compounded with less reli- 
ance on these in gredients. 

Divorce plea 

Sir Douglas Hague, aged 59, 
a former economic adviser to 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher, has 
filed an uncontested petition 
in the London Divorce Court 
after 39 years of marriage. 

Computers are proving far 
better than most doctors at 
diagnosing patients suffering 
from severe abdominal pains, 
according to a DHSS funded 
research project. 

It discovered that about 
£23 million would be saved 
and thousands of patients 
would avoid unnecessary sur- 
gery and investigations, if 
computers were used through- 
out foe NHS. 

Doctors usually, order an 
exploratory operation for sud- 
den unexplained gut pains, 
winch are notoriously difficult 
to treat. 

If the scheme were extended 
to caver other conditions — 
and the softwear already exists 
—then the savings could be 10 
times as great. 

The project, organized by 
the Leeds University, in- 
volved 250 doctors, most of 
whom bad not previously 
used a computer, and nearly 
17.000 patients from eight 

Junior doctors, who used 
the computer, were as success- 
ful in diagnosing patients as a 
consultant in a teaching hospi- 
tal or a senior resident at Yale. 

The proportion of patients 
reporting to hospital casualty 
departments with acute ab- 
dominal pains dropped from 
41 per cent lo 26 per cent, it 
found. The proportion of un- 
necessary investigations was 
nearly halved. Appendicitis 
patients went to surgery earli- 
er and the perforation rate was 

The number of bad clinical 
decisions, fell by four-fifths to 
0.2 per cent and 33 fewer 
patients died during the trial 
period than would normally 
have been expected. 

The conditions diagnosed 
by computer included appen- 
dicitis, inflamed gall bladder, 
bowel obstruction, 

gynaecological problems, re- 

Cash plan 
for private 

By Thomson Prentice 
Plans to switch National 
Heal tii Service funds from 
hospitals to new “health 
maintenance'” groups of gener- 
al practitioners, with cheap 
insurance schemes to make 
private medicine more widely 
available, are proposed in a 
report today: 

.The, proposals amount to 
what could be “the most 
radical reform of the NHS . 
since its inception”, according 
to the Adam Smith Institute, 
publishers of the report. 

The institute, a market eco- 
nomics think-tank, argues that 
heavy reliance on NHS hospi- 
tal-based cases is “unneces- 
sarily expensive for the 
taxpayer, and inconvenient for 
the patient” and calls for an 
upgrading of GPs’ surgeries to 
twindte minor operations, X- 
rays and other tests. 

It advocates the introduc- 
tion of American-style health 
maintenance organizations 
(HMOs) in which doctors and 
hospitals work together within 
fixed badge's. Strong manage- 
ment techniques have reduced 
patients' time in hospitals in 
such schemes In the US by 
40 per cent, and have cat the 
cost of health care by 28 per 
cent, the report says. 

The Government is looking 
dosely at such schemes as a 
possible way of encouraging 
the aeater spread d private 
medical insurance in Britain, 
according to die institute. 

“The widespread and often 
serious under-provision of 
medical services through an 
under-capitalized and unman- 
ageable National Health Ser- 
vice are foe source of the UK's 
difficulties,” the report says. 

Generous tax concessions 
could be given to employers 
and trade mum groups joining 
private HMOs and “company 
health plans” could grow as 
rapidly as company pension 
schemes have done. 

Dr Fnwwnn Butter, the 
report's author said yesterday: 
“These schemes have demon- 
strated their abOhy to cut costs 
and provide a better, more 
local service for patients. 

“They can plainly help to 
bring better management into 
the NHS and to bring private 
medical care within everyone's 
reach. They offer the prospect 
of a new partnership between 
the private and the public 
sector in medicine." , 
Good Health (The Adam Smith 
Institute. Box 3 1 6 London 
SW1P3DJ, £8.00). 

nal colic, pancreatitis and 
perforated ulcers. 

Mr Tim de Dombal, consul- 
tant surgeon at St James's 
Hospital. Leeds, who co- 
ordinated the project, said: "I 
can see no reason why the 
DHSS should not seize upon 
this report, because we have 
shown beyond any reasonable 
doubt how savings can be 
made, and how dociore can 
peform better. In fact, the 
DHSS began evaluating this 
concept in 1974 and we are 
now 12 years on.” 

Mr de Dombal emphasized 
that doctors would not lose 
their skills or become over 
reliant on computers. “These 
programmes are actual ly a 
teaching aid for doctors, and 
we found that even after they 
stopped using the computer, 
their decision-making abilities 

So far the Department of 
Health has not acted on the 
report, which ran imo ei^ht 
drafts before a final version 
could be approved and pro- 
duced in November last year. 

The department has said it 
cannot comment on the report 
until it hears from the Royal 
College of Surgeons. 

• People in Britain are dying 
of skin cancer because they do 
not consult their family doc- 
tors early enough, a medical 
report says. 

The report by Glasgow skin 
cancer specialist. Professor 
Rona MacKie. published in 
the medical magazine. Pulse, 
shows that too many patients 
did not see the donor until too 
late, because they were un- 
aware that anything serious 
was wrong. 

It found that 80 per cent of 
patients studied, had delayed 
for three months or more 
before first attending their 
family doctor. Many waited 
for longer than a year. 

in NHS 


Doctors’ leaders claimed 
today that the Government’s 
commitment to lhe National 
Health Service “shows signs of 

The charge was made by the 
general medical services com- 
mittee of the British Medicai 

Dr Michael Wilson, its 
chairman, said that an over- 
riding- kick of adequate re- 
sources was threatening 
standards and quality. 

The committee, which rep- 
resents all health service gen- 
eral practitioners, said that 
development of the primary 
care system had been thwarted 
by four years of government 

In a report published today, 
the committee commented op 
proposals announced in April 
by Mr Norman Fowler, Secre- 
tary of State for Social Ser- 
vices, for substantial changes 
in the family doctor, dentist 
and pharmacy services. 

It rejected Mr Fowler’s most 
radical suggestion, for “health 
care shops” where GPs would 
offer a joint service with 
chemists, dentists, opticians 
and other medical 

The report said that there 
was no reason in principle 
why premises should not be 
shared between various types 
of practitioner. 

The committee said the 
Government’s idea was that 
primary care under the health 
service could be _ run on a 
profit-making basis by non- 
medical companies. 

It added: “We do not be- 
lieve the NHS could be devel- 
oped in this way without there 
being a conflict between pa- 
tient interest and a profit 

The committee also had no 
objection to private health 
care, provided that it did not 
compromise the universal 
availability of free and accessi- 
ble health service care. 

The committee added that 
another of Mr Fowler’s pro- 
posals, for a “good practice” 
allowance for doctors who 
gave higher standards of care, 
was unlikely to raise 

It added:“If a number of 
practitioners felt they had no 
prospect of ever receiving 
such an allowance, any incen- 
tive for them would be lost 

* General Medical Services 
Committee Report. 

Suspended doctors to 
be sued over death 

The parents of a boy aged 
seven who died after an 
operation are to sue two 
doctors and the private hospi- 
tal where he was treated. 

Mr and Mrs Jim aad Linda 
McAlpine, of Glasgow, said 
that they would take their case 
to the United Slates courts if it 
was legally possible. 

“We are not talking about 
revenge or spite, although we 
are very bitter about what 
happened. We want justice 
and hopefully no one else will 
have to go through the heart- 
break we have endured. It has 
been sheer hell,” Mrs 
McAlpine said. 

The General Medical Coun- 
cil suspended two senior Scot- 
tish doctors at the weekend for 
six months after a five-day 
hearing in London found 
them guilty of professional 
misconduct in their treatment 
of the boy. 

Jim McAlpine died after an 
operation at Ross Hall Hospi- 
tal Glasgow, to remove a ' 
small blemish from his lip. 

Mr Martin Webster, a Glas- 
gow consultant plastic sur- 
geon, and Mr George 
Vaughan, an Edinburgh con- 
sultant radiologist, were 1 
tanned by the GMCs profis. 
sional 'conduct committee. 



i fill inCj\ l),~\ g o Lj L. I lbuu 

Town and country tourism: 1 

Royal wedding and the 

Commonwealth Games 

help lure back visitors 

This week’s royal wedding 
and ihe opening of the 
tom month wealth Games will 
help to reverse ihe slump ihai 
|hected London and 
Edinburgh's tourist markets 
earlier this summer, industry 
sources in the two cities said. 

In spite of the growing 
number or countries ihai tuivc 
pulled out of the Common- 
wealth Games, Edinburgh's 
holds are alnady 90 per cent 
full with officials, athletes, 
spectators and newsmen pack- 
ing ihe city for the 10-dav 

The Scottish Tourist Board 
predicted £50 million would 
be injected into the region’s 
economy as a result, not 
including the income from the 
Edinburgh festival next 

Like the rest of Britain. 
Scotland's tourist industry 
was plagued by a succession of 
setbacks earlier this year, in- 
cluding the cancellation of 
American bookings after the 
Libyan raids and the fear of 
radioactive foJJoui from the 
Chernobyl nuclear disaster in 
the Soviet Union. 

“What began as a poor year 
for tourism has blossomed." a 
spokeswoman for the Edin- 
burgh City Council said. “Al- 
though the boycott may affect 
the quality of the games it has 
not dental the bookings, and 
many Australians and Canadi- 
ans have come over as well as 
tourists from within the UK." 

The Gleneagles hotel group 
said it had been blighted by 
cancellations earlier this sum- 
mer, but that both its hotels in 
Edinburgh were now fully 

The US bombing raids on Libva and the Chernobyl 
miQiear accident led at first to wholesale cancellations 
of A merican hotel bookings in Europe, with Britain the 
, SS U P sufferer. But. in the first of a two-part series, 
Nicholas Beesion reports on how two events are luring 
oacK the transatlantic travellers and how internal 
tourism is gearing up for a busy season 

“The Caledonian Hotel has 
become the flagship for the 
Commonwealth Federation 
officials, and the BBC has 
booked up most of the rooms 
at the North British Hotel." a 
spokeswoman for the compa- 
ny said. 

Although the marriage on 
Wednesday between Prince 
Andrew and Miss Sarah Fer- 
guson is not expected to draw 
in many foreign tourists, hote- 
liers and tourist organizations 
predict the spin-on from the 
wedding could compensate for 
the poor results in April May 
and June. 

Britain was badly affected 
by the fall in the number of 
American visitors, who ac- 
count for 25 percent of annu- 
al tourist revenues, the single 
largest foreign market. In 
April the number of Ameri- 
cans visiting London was 
1 9 per cent down on last 
year's record figures, and 
transatlantic traffic was 27 per 
cent down in May. 

According to British Air- 
ways, Hertz car rentals and the 
British Hotels, Restaurants 
and Caterers Association busi- 
ness began to pick up sharply 
at the end of last month, 
largely because of marketing 
incentives launched in the US. 

“You can see and hear 
Americans all over the city 

now and a number of our 
hotels in central London arc 
fully booked," a spokesman 
for the leading hotel chain. 
Trust House Forte, which has 
7.000 hotel beds in London, 

Mr George Goring, the 
owner of the Goring Hotel and 
a member of the association, 
said: “There is no doubt that 
the royal wedding, is a great 
publicity boost for London 
and we shall probably feci the 
effects of it later this year and 
next year. 

“Nancy Reagan's decision 
to accept the invitation to the 
wedding at a time when 
Americans were uncertain 
about coming back here was 
another major factor in help- 
ing to get the industry back on 
its feet." he added. 

The London Visitor and 
Convention Bureau said that 
television coverage of the 
wedding to 300 million view- 
ers worldwide would be the 
“best possible advertisement 
for Britain abroad". 

The British Tourist Author- 
ity said it hoped the difficul- 
ties encountered earlier this 
year would only be a hiccup 
and that 1986 would match 
last year's record tourist reve- 
nues of £10 billion. 

Tomorrow: Seaside resorts 

South ‘has land for homes 9 

The South-east has ample 
land for housing planned in 
the next few years, a new 
report says. 

The finding contradicts sta- 
tistics produced by the 
Housebuilders' Federation, 
and comes amid disagree- 
ments between conservation- 
ists and planners about the 
future of the region. 

Many groups are awaiting 
the outcome of a public 
inquiry into the proposal for a 
new town on Green Belt land 
at Tillingham Hall in Essex. 

By Christopher Warman, Property Correspondent 

which could determine future 
land provision. 

The new conclusions are 
put forward by the London 
and South East Regional Plan- 
ning Conference, which says 
that, in the 12 counties it 
covers outside London, land is 
available for neatly 270,000 
homes to be built in the next 
five years. 

ft estimates that figure to be 
29 per cent more than that 
required by approved local 
authority structure plans. 

The 12 counties' structure 
plans show that provision has 
been made for about 209,000 
homes. The conference's sur- 
vey shows that the land avail- 
able is equivalent to about 17 
months' extra building capaci- 
ty, and identifies land for a 
further 103,000 homes after 
the first five years. 

The counties are: Bedford- 
shire, Berkshire, Buckingham- 
shire, East Sussex. Essex, 
Hampshire. Hertfordshire, 
Isle of Wight, Kent, Oxford- 
shire. Surrey and West Sussex. 

Catherine Scammell, a probation ancillary, helping the driver of Mighty Midget at the contest (Photograph: Paid Martin). 


rally to 


Teenage motoring offenders 
were among the leading driv- 
ers at the National Youth 
Banger Championship at the 
weekend (Our Home Affairs 
Correspondent writes). 

Twenty-seven youth groups, 
including 15 specializing in 
helping young offenders, field- 
ed 60 drivers aged between 14 
and 18 in the contest at 
Northampton stadium. 

One of the teams, sporting 
red-aod- white racing colours, 
was from the Udertou project, 
which offers scrap cars to 
teenagers who have committed 
offences, in the hope of per- 
suading them out of crime and 
into legitimate competition. 

The project, started by two 
probation officers, Mr Ronald 
Conn and Miss Ann Reed, and 
ran by the Probation Service 
and Lewisham Borough Coun- 
cil is thought to have been the 
first of 45 similar groups in the 
United Kingdom. It has the 
support of the Metropolitan 
Police, and organized the 
championship on behalf of the 
National Association of Motor 

Another team, of equal num- 
bers of Protestants and Roman 
Catholics, from the 
Newtownabbey Ante Project, 
near Belfast, raised £1,200 to 
get to Northampton. 

EEC fishing rules 

may be tightened 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

The Government is deter- 
mined to see that Britain's 
EEC partners should imple- 
ment proper control of fishing 
catches, Mr Michael Jopling, 
Minister of Agriculture. Fish- 
eries and Food, said yesterday. 

Commenting on a recent 
repon by the European Com- 
mission. which accused sever- 
al countries of flouting the 
rules and ignoring quota re- 
strictions. Mr Jopling de- 
scribed overfishing as "stea- 
ling". and said that the 
common fisheries policy 
(CFP) must be properly po- 

Fisheries Ministers until the 
end of the year, is under 
pressure from fishermen’s or- 
ganizations to take action 
against offenders. 

The fishermen claim that, 
because annual CFP negotia- 
tions have recently been ami-, 
cable, unlike the the bitter 
wrangling usually associated 
with the common agricultural 
policy price fixing, the policy 
is assumed to be working well 

Mr Jopling. who is presi- 
dent of the EEC Council of 

But they claim that this is an 
illusion because fishing fleets 
in countries such as The 
Netherlands and Denmark 
paid lip service to the agree- 
ment and then proceeded to 
do exactly as they liked. 

Meeting on sugar bid 

Meetings aimed at assuring 
British sugar growers that 
their interests are not threat- 
ened by the prospect of an 
Italian takeover begin in Nor- 
wich tonight. 

Signor Raul Gardini. presi- 
dent of the Venice-based 
Ferruzzi corporation, and Sir 
Richard Butler, the new chair- 
man of its British subsidiary. 
Agricola UK, will answer 
questions from formers and 

the public. A similar meeting 
will be held in Droitwich Spa, 
Worcestershire, tomorrow. 

The National Farmers' 
Union has made no secret of 
its distaste for the Italian bid 
and has said it wants the 
British Sugar Corporation, 
which is responsible for allo- 
cating quotas and is also the 
monopoly buyer for all home 
grown beet, to remain under 
British control. 



by water 

By Our Agriculture 
Nearly half of all arable land 
in Britain is being threatened 
by erosion, a report by the Soil 
Association claims. 

But wind-borne erosion, in 
the form of “dust storms", 
encouraged by the removal of 
hedges and other windbreaks, 
is confined to only a few areas, 
and is insignificant compared 
to the effects of water, it says. 

Until recently, water-in- 
duced erosion was not thought 
to be a serious problem in 
Britain. But in the past three 
or four decades the move 
towards more intensive agri- 
culture, the abandonment of 
traditional mixed farming and 
crop rotation, have caused a 
significant deterioration. 

Some reports have recorded 
losses of up to 200 tonnes a 
hectare a year. On relatively 
thin soils, such as the South 
Downs, productive capacity 
may be totally destroyed with- 
in a few decades. 

it calls for an urgent, de- 
tailed assessment of the actu- 
al, and potential, extent of 
erosion. ^ „ 

Soil erosion in Britain. R D 
Hodges and C Ardcn-C!arkc<Jh 
Soil Association Ltd. 86-88 
Colston Street, Bristol BS1 5BB. 

Change in 



By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 

Complex and controversial 
inquests should be handled 
differently, according to a 
report by Justice, the British 
section of the International 
Commission of Jurists. 

Many of these cases lead to 
criticism of the coroner where, 
for example, he has appeared 
to support the police. Justice 
says such criticisms often 
cause ill-feeling towards the 
coroners system and can lead 
to doubts about the impartial- 
ity of public inquiries into 
certain deaths. 

The solution proposed by 
Justice is to group existing 
coroners into areas, with a 
senior coroner appointed for 
each, and to give them further 
training. The senior coroner 
would handle controversial 

A change in procedure 
would be for the senior coro- 
ner to have the power to 
appoint a counsel to the 
inquest, instructed by the 
Treasury solicitor, to present 
the evidence from an indepen- 
dent standpoint. 

“In controversial cases the 
coroner would thus become 
much more of an umpire, 
resolving procedural disputes 
between counsel and deliver- 
ing a summing-up at the 
conclusion of the case, but 
remaining above the dust of 
the arena for the most pan,” 
they said. 

“We recognize that this is in 
some respects more adversari- 
al than inquisitorial, but not 
wc think in any way that is 
likelv to embarrass the 


Generally the committee 
recognizes the need to im- 
prove the standard of coroners 
and for interested parties to 
have a greater role ai the 

The report recommends 
that the coroners service 
should be the responsibility of 
central, not local government, 
and that the ippointment of 
coroners should rest with the 
Lord Chancellor, aided by 
local advisory committees. 

Training should be central- 
ized and strengthened, the 
report says. Interested parties 
should have access to state- 
ments in the coroner's file, 
and should have the right to 
insist that witnesses be called. 

Coroners Courts in England 
and H ales (a report by Justice, 
95a Chancery Lane. London 
WC2A IDT, £2.50). 


AIDS is a deadly disease. Not all the information 
about it has been entirely accurate ; so many people 
are confused about who is at risk, how the disease 
is spread and how dangerous it is. 

Please read this carefully. It is up-to- 
date and authoritative. Only if the facts about AIDS 
are understood can we hope to control its spread 
and prevent unnecessary suffering and death. 



CHIEF medical OFFICERS to the health departments 


AIDS stands for Acquired Immune 
eficiency Syndrome. It is caused by 
/inis that attacks the body’s natural 
•fence system. 

Not everyone who carries the virus 
s developed AIDS itself. In fact 
DSt have not. But anyone who has 
e virus can pass it on, even if they 
;1 and look completely well. 

It is vital for everyone to avoid 
tching the virus, as there is no 
own cure for AIDS. 

If you and the people close to 
vou are to keep yourselves free from 

AIDS, it is important that you know 
how the virus is spread. 

The only likely way for someone 
to catch the AIDS virus is for the blood 
or semen from an infected person to 
get inside his or her body. 

Most people who have the AIDS 
virus caught it by having sex with an 
infected person. Almost all the rest 
have caught it by injecting themselves 
with drugs, using equipment shared 
with an infected person. 

LI Normal social contact such as 
shaking hands, touching and hugging. 

LI Swimming pools, restaurants and 
other public places. 

U Coughs, sneezes and spitting. 

U Clothing. 

LI Toilet seats, door knobs, food, 
glasses and cups. 

U Being a blood donor. 

LI Having a blood transfusion. 

U Having injections or any other 
treatment from your doctor, dentist or 
other health care worker. 

Sex with an infected person is 
always risky. People may not know 
they are infected so casual sex is risky. 
And the more partners, especially 
male partners, someone has, the more 
likely they are to have sex with an 
infected person. Sexual acts with 
infected people that may damage the 
anus, penis, mouth or vagina are 
extremely risky. Anal sex involves the 
highest risk and should be avoided. 

Using a sheath can help reduce 
the risk of catching AIDS. So can 
cutting out casual relationships. 

For people who inject drugs and 
cannot give it up, it is very important 
never to share needles or other equip- 
ment. Just one injection with an 
infected needle could mean catching 
the virus. Of course the best advice is 
not to inject at all. 

Remember AIDS is not a disease 
to take risks with. There is no cure, 
so its control must depend on how 
people behave. 

For a free booklet on AIDS, write 
to Dept A, P.O. Box 100, Milton Keynes 
MK1 1TX. You can also get information 

on the confidential Healthline tele- 
phone service on: 


! ~ • '■ •• ? ?■> • " 

I : - B 7 ' : 7. 22:2. O t ... 

If you are calling from outside 
London, use the 0545 number and 
you will be charged at local rates. 

iDiOiNiT i i A i I i D i iAiIiDjS 


y V- 



South Africa: Trade union delegates held at roadblock 

Willis gets taste of being black 

From Ray Kennedy 
For 30 minutes yesterday 
Mr Norman Willis, General 
Secretary of the TUC, felt 
what it was like, he said, to be 
a black in South Africa when 
he and 10 other members of 
an International Confedera- 
li oT) o f Free Trade Unions 
(ICFTU) delegation were de- 
tained at a roadblock in 
Alexandra township outside 

It happened after the group 
visited a men's hostel which 
Mr Willis described as “ken- 
nels, not homes". 

When they emerged, Mr 
Willis said, the street had been 
blocked and they were ques- 
tioned about what they were 
doing. “They seemed to think 
that Ron Todd (General Sec- 
retary of the Transport and 
General Workers Union) and 
J might be pressmen,” he said, 
“But just for that brief 

period I had a taste of what it's 
like to be black and without 
redress against white, uni- 
formed, armed people,” 

Mr Willis and Mr Todd left 
South Africa for London last 
night, but other members of 
the delegation, which arrived 
in Johannesburg on Friday to 
show solidarity with black 
South African trade unions, 
will meet the Government's 
Director of Manpower today; 

They have also requested a 
meeting with Mr Louis Le 
Grange. Minister of Law and 
Order, and access to trade 
unionists detained in the Jo- 
hannesburg area under the 
state of emergency. 

In a statement yesterday the 
delegation said that, despite 
the brevity of its visit it felt it 
had received a comprehensive 
and authoritative account of 
the grim realities facing the 
South African trade union 
movement “within a society 
presently on a course for 
cataclysmic disaster”. 

A total of 369 trade union- 
ists were known to have been 
detained, the statement said. 
“There is a pattern of unjusti- 
fied arrests, often followed by 
systematic brutality and tor- 
ture, that amounts to a mas- 
sive violation of human 

“The delegation has seen 
the physical evidence in the 
scarred bodies of released 
detainees to substantiate the 
harrowing accounts they have 

Bishop Desmond Tutu talking with the ICFTU delegation's leader, Mr John Vanderveken, in Johannesburg yesterday, 

received,” the 

Mr Willis and Mr Todd will 
report to the TUC General 
Council on Wednesday. Mr 
Willis said: “Nature has given 
South Africa a paradise, but 
part of it has been changed 
into helL” 

The statement by the dele- 
gation. which also includes 
American. West German and 
Scandinavian trade unionists, 
said it would increase pressure 
for strong action to bring 
about irreversible change. 

Most of the contents of the 
statement are in breach of the 
emergency regulations and 
cannot be reported from 
South Africa. 

It said: “The possible impli- 
cations of effective sanctions 
for the well-being of ordinary 
people — so often cited as a 
justification for inaction or 
delay — cannot be ignored.” 

But the visit had confirmed 
“a willingness by the victims 
of apartheid to endure further 
suffering”. Mr Willis declared: 
“Those who will suffer have a 
right to decide what suffering 
to undertake.” 

• Six die: The Bureau of 
Information yesterday report- 
ed six “unrest” deaths since 
Friday, all shot by the security 

Reagan stalls on black envoy 

President Reagan wfll deliv- 
er a major policy speech on 
South Africa tomorrow la 
which he will stand by his 
stomach refusal to impose 
tough economic and diplomat- 
ic sanctions on the Pretoria 

The statement will avoid 
mention of his plan to nomi- 
nate Mr Robert Brown as the 
first black American ambassa- 
dor to Sooth Africa, because of 
embarrassing revelations con- 
cerning Mr Brown's past busi- 
ness dealings. The likelihood 
of Mr Brown being offered die 
post Is receding rapidly. 

Mr Brown no longer ap- 
pears sure that he wants the 
job. Having said last week that 
he would take it, if it were 
offered, he now says he is 
thinking ft over with his fami- 
ly. A senior Administration of- 
ficial said the idea was “on 

Trade union leaders have 
protested that Mr Brown has a 
history of anti-umonisin, but 
the most embarrassing revela- 
tion is that he is a dose 
associate of Mr Umarn Dikko, 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

a. high-r anking official in Ni- 
geria unto he fled after a coop 
on New Year's Eve in 1983. 
Nigeria has accused Mr Dik- 
ko of taking many millions of 

Mr Brown denied any 
wrongdoing in his relationship 
with Mr Dtkko, which in- 
volved public relations and 
advice to the Nigerian Govern- 
ment on drawing up a constitu- 

Security and other clearance 
investigations are still being 
conducted into Mr Brown by 
the Federal Bureau of Investi- 
gation under normal pre-nomi- 
nation procedise. However, 
there is a growing feeling that 
Mr Brown might not easily 
survive public pre-nomination 
hearings in the Senate and 
that the Administration migh t’ 
soon drop him. 

The Rev Jesse Jackson, the 
most prominent American 
Mack leader, has telephoned 
Mr Brown twice to urge him 
not to take the job unless there 
is a profound shift in US 
policy towards Pretoria. “He 
has to make a choice whether 

to be on Dr Martin Luther 
long's side of history,” Mr 
Jackson said. “And he has to 
choose between Tambo and 
Rambo.” Mr Oliver Tambo 
heads the outlawed African 
National Congress. 

The Administration is anx- 
ious to keep its South African 
policy closely in line with 
Britain's approach and Ad- 
ministration sources confirm- 
ed that the purpose of the sud- 
den decision to summon Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, to the White House 
on Friday was to co-ordinate 
immediate tactics and bring 
Mrs Thatcher up to date on 
the main points of Mr Rea- 
gan's proposed speech. 

• Mr Robert Brown met Mr 
Umarn Dikko, the framer 
Nigerian minister, in Nigeria 
in 1979 at the time of the 
presidential elections (Richard 
Dowdea writes). The men be- 
came dose friends and Mr 
Brown continually visited Ni- 
geria between then and 1983 
advising and helping Dikko, 
who was the President's cam- 
paign manager fra the 1983 el- 

EEC ministers to query Howe role 

From Jonathan Braude, Brussels 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, frees sharp 
criticism today from EEC 
governments disappointed 
with the first leg of his mission 
to southern Africa. 

At the meeting of Commu- 
nity Foreign Ministers in 
Brussels today, he will report 
on his discussions with black 
African leaders. Denmark and 
The Netherlands will voice 
their irritation at his interpre- 
tation of the role entrusted to 
him by EEC leaders at The 
Hague summit last month. 

The summit asked him to 
“visit southern Africa in a 
further effort to establish con- 
ditions in which the necessary 
dialogue can commence”. In 
talks in Zimbabwe, Mozam- 
bique and Zambia. Sir Geof- 
frey argued that economic 
sanctions would not bring an 
end to apartheid or create the 
conditions for national dia- 

logue in South Africa. 

However, several EEC gov- 
ernments believe he should 
have conveyed their determi- 
nation to ban new investment 
in South Africa and halt 
imports of coal, iron, steel and 
gold coins unless Pretoria was 
prepared to meet EEC de- 
mands. The summit called for 
the release of Mr Nelson 
Mandela and other political 
prisoners and an end to the 
ban on the African National 
Congress and other political 

But West Germany will fall 
in behind Sir Geoffrey. Ger- 
man sources say there can be 
no discussion of further sanc- 
tions until he returns from his 
mission to South Africa. 

At The Hague, Chancellor 
Kohl had angrily rejected the 
claim of Mr Ruud Lubbers, 
the Dutch Prime Minister, 
that sanctions would be auto- 

matic if the mission failed. 
Observers say there will be no 
shift in Bonn's position unless 
Britain moves first. 

The Foreign Ministers will 
also try to overcome Irish 
opposition to proposed im- 
port quotas for New Zealand 
butter of 77,000 tonnes next 
year and 75,000 tonnes in 

The Community's strained 
trading relations with Japan 
and the United States will also 
be examined. 

The European Commission 
will ask for political guidance 
on its approach to relations 
with the Gulf Co-operation 
Council. The Community is 
looking for a co-operation and 
trade agreement with the 
council, but the six Gulf 
nations have reacted angrily to 
EEC restrictions on imports of 

Botha meetings key 
to peace mission 

their petrochemical and re- 
fined oil products. 

Sir Geoffrey 

Foreign Secretary, flies to 
southern Africa tomorrow 
where he will spend a week 
trying to pave the way for 
negotiations to change the 
political system in South 

The Foreign Office said Sir 
Geoffrey had only two firm 
appointments arranged as of 
yesterday, both with President 
Botha, whom he will see on 
Wednesday and again on 
Tuesday next week. 

His central objective is to 
get Pretoria to lift its ban on 
the African National Congress 
and release its l e a d e r , Mr 
Nelson Mandela. 

Sir Geoffrey will be hoping 
particularly that if President 
Botha shows flexibility on 
these questions at Wednes- 

By Rodney Groton 

Howe, the day's meeting. President 
Kaunda of Zambia will use his 
influence to persuade ANC 
leaders to meet Sir Geoffrey. 

In the United Slates last 
Friday, he had an unscheduled 
meeting with President Rea- 
gan, mainly on the South 
African question, though Sir 
Geoffrey also reported on the 
visit fast week to London of 
Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, the 
Soviet Foreign Minister. 

Whitehall sources con- 
firmed that President Reagan 
had reiterated his view that 
mandatory economic sanc- 
tions were not the best way to 
bring about change in the 
apartheid system, though he 
now understood that if no 
progress was made on Sir 
Geoffrey’s mission Britain 
might have to consider further 
measures against Pretoria. 

100 believed held 
in new wave of 
Zimbabwe arrests 







More than 1 00 people may 
be held under Zimbabwe’s 
state of emergency laws after a 
wave of arrests by the Central 
Intelligence Organization in 
the town of Beit bridge on the 
South African border. 

The arrests are the latest in a 
number of raids on the citi- 
zens of the small town. Large 
numbers of South African 
troops are just over the Lim- 
popo river which forms the 

Mr Raymond Roth, a store- 
keeper in Beitbridge, and Mr 
Peter Carinus. a garage owner 
there, who were seized in the 
raids which began about three 
weeks ago have been told they 
are believed to have paid 
Zimbabweans to provide the 
South African military au- 
thorities with security inf- 

They have also been linked 
with an alleged operation to 
recruit Zimbabwean Macks 
for training in South Africa to 
join guerrilla bands in the 
western provinces of Mai- 

Another white, Mr Peter 
Van Wyk, who works for a 
construction, company there, 
has been told he was suspected 
of being “engaged in terrorist 
activities against the ANC 
(African National Congress of 

From Jan Raath, Harare 

South Africa) and the PAC 
(Pan Africanist Congress of 
Azania) ” Their lawyers said a 
fourth while, identified only 
as a Mr Ferreira, was also in 
detention. All were being held 
tinder orders of indefinite 

The lawyers said their cli- 
ents had reported that many 
blacks from Beitbridge were 
also being held. Only a few 
had the means for legal repre- 
sentation and it was thus 
impossible to verify their 

Among them are said to be 
senior officials of the local 
brantih of the ruling Zanu (PF) 
parly. Previous raids have 
borne the marks of purges 
against supporters of Zapu, 
the opposition party of Mr 
Joshua Nkomo. 

As for as could be ascer- 
tained, aH the detainees were 
being held in police, stations 
and a prison in and around the 
western city of Bulawayo. 
About 25 blacks were said to 
be held at Esigodini police 
station. 15 miles south of! 

Reports that some of the 
detainees had been tortured 
and assaulted by CIO officers 
could not be confirmed. Their 
lawyers could not comment 




i ** i df 

Seoul (AP) - A long-await- 
ed parliamentary study inta 
constitutional revisions , may 
be held up because of fog 
violent police .reaction to an 
opposition rally. • j 
The New Korea Democratic 
Party, the mam opposition 
party, ended an overall 
protest sit-in yesterday arna* 
tionai party headquarter 
a spokesman said the -latest 
development had “injected^ 
new political time bomb?, in 
relations between the paw 
and . President Chun Dpo 
H wan's Government. - -•£. 

On Saturday an. estimated 
2,000 police fired tear gas.-to 
keep the dissident leader:!4r 
Kim Young Sam and others 
from attending an opposition 
rally attended by 3,000 
Roman Catholic church. ... .. i 
The rally, sponsored:.;!* 
opposition groups, was heW to 
denounce what protestess 
called systematic sexual abuse 
and torture of arrested dissi- 
dents by police. . 


Ministers hurt 





From Vljitha Yapa 
President Jayewardene's 
proposal on devolution, as an 
answer to Sri Lanka's ethnic 
crisis, was virtually handing a 
separate state to the minority 
Tamils on a platter, the oppo- 
sition leader, Mr Anura 
Bandaranaike. said. 

Mr Bandaranaike, son of 
Mrs Sirima Bandaranaike, the 
former Prime Minister, leads 
the opposition Sri Lank a Free- 
dom Party, which is boycott- 
ing the political parties' 
conference convened by Presi- 
dent Jayewardene to obtain a 
consensus on devolution. 

Mr Bandaranaike told the 
Sunday Island newpaper that, 
on the President’s own admis- 
sion. Tamil militants fully 
control the Northern Province 
and about 50 per cent of the 
Eastern Province. Devolving 
power at this stage would be 
“the stepping-stone to Ee- 
lam” the separate state sought 
by the Tamils. 

He said the proposed pro- 
vincial councils were based 
more or less on the Indian 
system which “has proved a 
complete failure". 

The SLFP was for a political 
solution, but not at any cost 
The Government had been 
seeking a military solution 
and had failed. “They never 
sincerely coupled both the 
approaches of seeking a politi- 
cal solution while proving to 
the terrorists they cannot win 
militarily . . . Now they want 
to devolve power at all cost to 
perpetuate their rule.” 

Leaders of the moderate 
Tamil United Liberation 
Front, who had discussions 
with the President nearly ev- 
ery day last week, will meet 
opposition leaders this week. 

rebels shut 
airport I Slave ranch 

Athens (Reuter) — Mr 
Evangelos Kouloumbis, "the 
Public Works Minister,- - Mr 
Yannis Papadopoulos, the 
Minister for Northern Grefece, 
and Mr Costas Geitonas, the 
Deputy Minister of Public 
Works, , were injured when 
their helicopter crash-laritied 
in a small town near^foe 
Greek-Turidsh“baider: ~- 

Khartoum (Reuter) - Sudan 
has dosed Juba airport after 
an attack by rebels of the 
Sudan People's liberation 
Army on a mountain near the 
regional capital, the official 
Sudan News Agency, Sima, 
reported yesterday. 

It quoted the Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr Sadeq al-Mahdi, as 
saying the rebels on Wednes- 
day closed the Nile to western 
Equatoria, where they are mm 
fighting government troops at 
Jebel Lada, three miles north 
of the airport. 

Mr al-Mahdi said tbe rebels 
wanted to besiege Juba but the 
Army could handle the 

He said many people had 
fled from the battle zones to 
big towns and this had created 
a food shortage. 

The closure of Juba airport 
is likely to affect the airiUt of 
vital food supplies to femme 
victims in the embattled south. 
Sana quoted a United Nations 
official as saying 50,000 dis- 
placed people in Juba town 
were in need of emergency 

Mr Winston Prattiey,the 
UN Secretary-General's spe- 
cial representative in Sudan, 
said that, because of tbe heavy 
fighting in Equatoria province, 
relief agencies had been able 
to transport only about 1^00 
tonnes of 4,000 tonnes 
available food. 

The SPLA rebels, led by 
Colonel John Garang, have 
been waging a bush war for 
two years. 

• ABIDJAN: Adequate rain 
this year has resulted in good 
crop development in many 
parts of West Africa's Sahel 
region, according to the United 
Nations Children's Fund 
(Reuter reports). 

Renville, Texas (Reuter) — 
Walter EUebracht, a 55-year- 
old Texas .rancher, was placed 
on probation and his son, 
Walter Jr, aged 33, and the 
ranch foreman. Carlton Cald- 
well, aged 21, were sent to jail 
for 15 and 14 years respective- 
ly for kidnapping hitch-hiker*' 
and »s»ng them as sfov* - 
labour. t 

Molto forte 

Tel Aviv (Reuter) — , A 
crowd estimated by police £t 
300.000 — nearly 10 per emit 
of Israel's population j- 
packed a Tel Aviv park to hear 
the Israeli violinist, Yitzhak 
Perlman, and tbe Spanish 
tenor, Placido Domingo, -per- 
form with the Israeli Philhar- 
monic Orchestra. ’ 

General goes " 

East Berlin (Reuter) — Gefr- 
end Pyotr Lusbev, the kb* 
pnjme commander of Soviet 
armed forces in Germany, 
appointed less than a year ago 
as pan of an apparent reshuf- 
fle in the Soviet High Com- 
mand. is leaving his post! 

Martial law 

Ankara (Reuter) - Pariia- 
ment has extended martiaHaw 
for another four months in 
five provinces in south-east- 
ern Turkey where government 
forces are fighting Kurdish 

Wasted trip 

Trinidad. Bolivia (Reuter) 

— A second operation pf 
Bolivia’s ami-drug drive, earf£~ 
ried out with US niiliufry ' 
helicopters, found nertfreFco- 
caine nor cocaine-processfig 


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officer in 
drug trial 

From Hasan Akhtar 

A Pakistan Army officer 
accused of being involved in 
heroin smuggling will go on 
trial before a court-martial in 
Karachi, according to an Is- 
lamabad English-language 
daily yesterday. 

The report said the man was 
once a personal staff officer to 
a former military governor of 
the North West Frontier Prov- 
ince. which has emerged as the 
main supplier of drugs for 

The report, by the Karachi 
correspondent of the newspa- 
per The Muslim, alleged that 

the Pakistan Narcotics Con- 
trol Board, whose staff origi- 
nally arrested the officer, was 
denied an opportunity to in- 
terrogate him. 

The officer was said to be 
one of a gang engaged in 
regular drug smuggling. 

The report said that more 
than 4001b of heroin was 
discovered in the man's car 
while he was driving from 
Peshawar to Karachi. 

The governor on whose staff 
the officer allegedly worked 
was not named in the report. 

Nawabzada Abdul Ghafoor 
Hoti. who took over as the 
first civilian governor at the 
beginning of this year, left 
office within four months, 
after his son was arrested in 
the United Stales on a charge 
of being involved in drug 

Martina Navratilova, the 
tennis star, sitting with her 
mother, Mrs Jana Navratil, 
at their home in Revnice 
after returning to Czechoslo- 
vakia for the first time since 

airport by her parents and 
Western journalists covering 
the Federation Cup tennis 
tournament which begins 

Miss Navratilova, who be- 

she defected to the United . came a US citizen in 1981 
States in 1975 (Reuter re- and is leading the US team 
ports from Prague). this year, said it felt “great” 

She was welcomed at Prague to be back in her homeland. 

Submarine fails to get 
Titanic safe open 

From Paul Vailely, New York 
Remnants of a chandelier, ft wouldn't open so we left it 

Pipeline blown 

Lisbon (Reuter) — The right 
wing Mozambican National 
Resistance rebels claimed yes- 
terday that they had blown up 
and destroyed a section of the 
pipeline which carries oil from 
the port of Beira to Zimbabwe. 

an anchor windlass and rope- 
like trails rtf' rust draped over 
its portholes are among 12 
murky photographs of the ex- 
ploration of the SS Titanic, al- 
most Vk miles below the sur- 
face of the Atlantic. Another 
shows the ship's gigantic bow 
deeply bnried.wbere it plunged 
into the ocean floor. 

A three-minute videotape 
flown to shore shows the robot 
camera. Jason Jr, peering in 
windows on the promenade 
deck. In one Image; showing 
the empty lifeboat davits, 
bright orange stalactites of 
rust can be seen. 

On the sixth dive on Friday 
explorers found several of tbe 
ship’s safes. Using a remote- 
controlled daw from the sub- 
marine Alvin, they tried to 
open a safe which had a spec- 
tacular crest on its door. “We 
grabbed die handle with the 
manipulator and turned it, but 

there,” he said. 

The safes were found as the 
Alvin left the intact bow and 
midship sections and explored 
the disinte g rated stem, which 
was Uttered with thousands of 

Yesterday the seventh of the 
12 scheduled dives was muter 
way. Ownership of the wreck 
and its contents theoretically 
passed to the insurance com- 
panies which pan! out claims 
after the sinking. But to 
exercise their cl a ims the com- 
panies should have made some 
effort to salvage or exert 
control over the lost matcriaL 

A percentage of salvage 
rights is doe to whoever carries 
oat tbe work. The Woods Hole 
Oceanographic Institute, 
which organized the expedi- 
tion, has not made a salvage 
ffaim, bat many others who 
have searched for the Titanic 

hold Mass 
for Franco 

From Harry DebeUus 
Valley of the Fallen 

Shouts of “Franco, Franco, 
Franco” echoed across the 
vast esplanade here yesterday 
in front of the basilica carved 
out of solid rock, as about 
Z000 right-wingers gathered 
at General Franco's tomb for a 
Mass after Iasi Friday’s 50th 
anniversary of the beginning 
of the Spanish Civil War. 

Elderly couples and young 
men and women in paramili- 
tary uniforms, many of them 
carrying red-and-yellow Span- 
ish flags with tbe now illegal 
eagle symbol of the Franco 
regime superimposed. mingled 
with unsuspecting foreign 
tourists during the Mass. 

After the Mass, the Franco 
supporters gathered in front of 
the Wagnerian monument to 
Spain’s Civil War dead to sing 
the Falange song “Face to the 
Sun” and to shout a posthu- 
mous cheer for their idolized 

Four killed in 
border blaze 

Madrid — A forest fire 
blazed on both sides of the 
French-Span ish border near 
Gerona, claiming the lives of 
four Frenchmen when their 
fire-fighting plane crashed, ac- 
cording to reports published 
here yesterday (Harry Debe- 
lius writes). 

The fire began at about 
10 am on Saturday in a park- 
ing lot on the French side of 
the border crossing at La 
Junquera, and it look more 
than 300 firefighters about 12 
hours to bring the blaze under 
control. A motorway, a railway 
line and another road were 
blocked for several hours. 


Nationalists in marathon debate 

Mine tragedy 

— - 

Feuding Basques call a truce 

From Richard Wigg, Artea, Spain 

Johannesburg (Reuter)- — 
Four black miners died when 
a tunnel collapsed at Eland s- 
rand gold mine west of 





, -tan 

One of the words people in 
the rest of Spain often use 
about the 2 million Basques 
is “peculiar”, meaning that 
almost eveiything about them 
is very distinctive, difficult to 
understand, if not downright 

One of the most distinctive 
things of all about them is the 
political formation that a ma- 
jority chose to rule in the 
autonomous region, the Bas- 
que Nationalist Party (PNV), 
which has been in existence 
since 1895, only a few years 
after the founding of the 
Socialist Party, which is in 
power in Madrid. 

Unlike that disciplined ma- 
chine. the PNV has been 
feuding with itself for the past 
few years, letting things come 
to a serious crisis and risking 
the loss of power in Vitoria, 
the seat of the autonomous 

To resolve their crisis, 
about 70 PNV delegates, con- 
stituting the so-called national 
assembly, made the pilgrim- 
age to this small village about 
20 miles south of Bilbao, the 
grimy industrial capital of the 
Basque region. 

Yesterday at 5 am, after 
more than 16 hours of non- 
stop debate, the leaden 
emerged wearily to announce 
a truce. . 

The national executive is 
“taking the reins firmly in its 
hands, the messing around has 
stopped.” according to Serior 
Xabier Aguirre, spokesman of 
the executive. 

AH PNV members holding 
any public office were solemn- 
ly told by the asssmbly that the 
overriding obligation must be 
to ensure the "govemabiJity” 
of the Basque country. 

Having looked over the 
abyss, almost everyone agreed 
that jobs, power and influence 

must take precedence over the 

The 35,000 party members 
form a network which con- 
trols. besides the autonomous 
government, a majority of 
local authorities and many 
key institutions, such as the 
cajas (key financial institu- 
tions which started in tbe last 
century as penny banks), co- 
operatives, trade unions, emp- 
loyers' organizations and even 
Bilbao's famous Athletic FC. 

Exile may move 

Domingo Iturbe Abasolo 
(“Txomin”), aged 42, regard- 
ed by Spanish police as the 
leader of foe military wing of 
Eta, is expected to remain in 
Gabon for only two to three 
months, while the French 
authorities who deported him 
to tbe West African co un tr y 
look for somewhere else that 
will accept him, according to 
the Madrid daily El Pais 
(Renter reports from Madrid). 
He said be had been given a 
permanent police escort and 
rarely left his flat- 

leaders and the more techno- 
cratic members of the Basque 

The brief experience of 
home rule during the Civil 
War, before it was taken away 
by Franco, helps to explain the 
peculiar force of Basque 

Both of the main figures in 
foe dispute come from fam- 
ilies which fought in last 
century’s Cariist wars and 
both have church back- 

Sen or Xabier Aizalluz, the 
slrong : willed chairman of the 
party, is a former Jesuit priest 
and Senor Carlos Garaico- 
ecbea. whom be ousted two 
years ago when Chief Minister 
of the Basque Government 
started training for the priest- 
hood but became a business- 

It is too simple to see the 
chairman as leader of a rural 
old guard, and Senor Garaico- 
echea as the would-be mod- 

But although the Guipftzcoa 
regional party, based on San 
Sebastian, which supports Se- 

More people blatters 

Moscow (Reuter) - The 
population of the Soviet 
Union stood at 280.1 million 
on July I, a rise of three 
million people over the same 
date last year, according to 
Tass. -- 


Aid for Suva’ 

Suva (Reuter) - The Solo- 

mon Islands will receive $10.5 T 

pilli on, including $2 million 1 
from Britain, in aid from 
industrialized nations to : re- 
pair da m age caused by - cy- 
clone Namu in May. 

Pirate strike 

Dhaka (Reuter) - Bangla- 
desh river pirates slabbed 
seven policemen, threw, them 
still alive from a ferry carrying 
1,000 passengers, and iria<fe 
Off with about £2,000. . • - 

Over the topi 

Fuji Yoshida. Japan (Ren- 
ter) — Mr Teiichi Igaihshi, 
aged 99, readied the summit 

■:c : 

The choice of Artea explains 
a great deal about the PNV’s 
difficulties. The assembly met 
in a former seminary, set in 
soft countryside, cold wiih 
morning mist and a whole 
world away not only from 
Bilbao but also from beat- 
plagued Castile. 

This rural world is where a 
majority of the PNV leaders 
feel most comfortable. The 
seminary was bought by them 
after the crisis in vocations 
forced the Church to dose it 

Yei the Basque country is 
among those most interested, 
for reasons of development 
and proximity, in Spain's 
membership of the EEC. 
There is a world of difference 
between many of the PN^ 

knows what the former Chief 
Minister, who boycotted Art- 
ea, will do now. 

Bui any real debate is likely 
to reveal the absence of any 
«>dy of party doctrine behind 
the nationalism. 

^ u S ht up in their row, the 
PNV leaders did not even 
notice the French Govern- 
ment’s expulsion over the 
weekend of Jose Lopez, 
nicknamed “Txema” a 26- 
year-og suspected member of 
Eta. He was immediately 
handed over to the Spanish 
police and is now undergoing 
interrogation in Madrid. He is 
alleged to have been preparing 
a terrorist attack. 

City clean-up 

Philadelphia (Reuter) - 
Most of this city’s ~fo400 
striking sanitation workers be- 
gan a big dean-up afterfoe 
mayor threatened 
them if they continued 
day walkout. 


Just too much 

Beaumont, Texas (AP)- A 
20 lb lobster, thought to be 
140 years old, died on a silver 
platter during a- car' ridefo a 
charity auction; before itcould 
be moved to its new home ip a 
marine wildlife park. . VI' ' 

'*2® teir'V; 


le )<lTcjN 



t j v i> c »v a 

*-?? V ?' • ' > -■ i 

*~«!?sa$8i i 

Beirut peace in peril 
, as hooded gunmen 
ambush Christian bus 

•"ia..--! JhsiSrfS' 


From Juan Carlos Gnmndo, Beirut 
“^Syrian efforts lo restore 


U .-.1 ■- 


* * 8 c 5 jL 

- hjihu xuuiu iv inunc 

in west Beirut yesterday 
owere facing a big challenge 
“Efter a bus carrying about 40 
Christian doctors, students 
3ftf 'employees of the Ameri- 
can University. was 

■Two men and two women 
~ killed and three other 
£ -'JafiJsengers were seriously 
?! •=wbhnded when four hooded 

cnravwi thr* Hue unfK 

.-V c ; - • . 4 r fZ ***5taW**fc ’"WMUMWva vviibii iVUl UUVUGU 

- A . T* ’ •’ , 5 *5r' (k ! 2un*rion sprayed the bus with 

.. •• c .; . >!“ SaJJJS? -btdfets as it was about to cross 

-» • 1 • "VS** ' r -v; J. 3hd Green Line into Christian 


No group has claimed re- 
sponsibility. At least one 
newspaper columnist said the 
attack brought memories of 
the Ein el-Rummaneh massa- 
cre of April 13 1975. when 
Christian gunmen ambushed 
a bus and killed 27 of iu 
Palestinian occupants in an 
attack widely regarded as hav- 
ing ignited the civil war. 

Saturday's attack had in- 
deed all the markings of an 
operation to provoke further 

>■ » ■ ■ ■ tcw if u , sectarian violence at a time 

?-a . !.“? fee £ Beirut on Saturday. The when Syria, despite the politi- 

M. . V 'U\ 5 yU_’%. fl~l I- » — - — <k. j j. . 4 T >ii — 

*Su*Hnen Bod in a car as the 
a .£rf. 5 "bus; its windows stained with 
-- ’blood, sped to a hospitaL 

"'More than 24 hours later. 

idea of their motives, 
r Beirut newspapers, howev- 
er, said the “Green Line 
, massacre” sought to disrupt 
, 'Hta v, Asia’s latest ^security plan” 
l kciWvJpr the Muslim sector of the 
... . \*s "Capital . 

,‘^As Christian politicians 


cal deadlock between Chris- 
tians and Muslims, is calling 
fora peaceful settlement of the 
Lebanese crisis. 

It seems to have been 
carefully planned to cause as 
many casualties as possible 
among the passengers, who 
were off to spend the weekend 
with relatives in east Beirut 

“If I had not put my foot down 
on the accelerator, all of us 
would be dead,” the driver 
said. .. . 

There were widespread 
fears of an immediate escala- 
tion of violence along the 
Green Line, but all _ fronts 
remained relatively jjuicl 

The ambush was in an area 
that is not controlled by the 
Lebanese Army units and 
police forces in charge or the 
new security arrangements. 

Mr Nabih Beni the Jusuce 
Minister and leader of the 
Shia Muslim Amal militia, 
condemned the attack as an 
act of piracy and said that 
“such a crime will not go 

The Christian Lebanese 
Forces militia held Syria re- 
sponsible for the deaths of the 
four Christians on board the 

Husain visits Baghdad 

Amman (Reuter) — King 
Husain, trying to reconcile the 
bitter rivals Iraq and Syria, 

tr- rhTisrinn nnlhirians bltler nvals lra Q ana ay V a ’ 


Lwi' inability to guarantee the safe- ?25SiS!f ofR^l ' 

. A/.;- Miaia^ .^of Christians working in the King, 

i shut W5&8t SiS 

Iftrt = Cl ^ ^ : 

,|gg Aids anxiety hits 

“bilateral relations, Arab is- 
sues and the Gulf war" with 
President Saddam Hussein of 
Iraq. No details were released. 

Jordan supports Iraq in its 
six-ycar-old war with Iran. It 
was on bad terms with Syria, 
which backs Iran, until King 
Husain mended fences with 
Damascus earlier this year. 

W 4- Jikjtf* - 
aAK-,-% £.« 

! - Lain 

i -it 


*“ -.U: 

4 *-‘ t* 

’ S>-TK V..-.,. 


' i .1 

' « e-:. -7 r-" 

a". Zf* sa{ 

T-a-Cai ^ 


•. : 

* '--=5 S 2 E , 

US hlood banks 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

'••• ' ’.:r ? 

\*?rrz\ ■; 

lit '- I 


• y.. 

Molto fan 


misconceptions have in isolat- 
ed instances resulted in detect- { 
able drops in the number of 
people giving blood. Blood 
bank officials point out that 
the needle is discarded. 

The new Aids blood tests 
detect antibodies, the natural 

3- j- •- in. ■ 


'•t-PubUc anxiety about blood 
-transfusions is growing in the 
rifoited States because of the 
rvAjtds epidemic despite official 
reassurances that die nation a l 
blood supply has never been 

Some doctors no longer — - 

fWommend Mood transfusions substances that the body 
s iTtiiey can be safely avoided, forms to fight off micro? » 

- - 'Wause of -the extremely re- such as the Aids virus. Accord- 
... .1.7-! ' mote risk that a patient might ing to official estimate, no 

- 1 — *■' -fitriie blood serving taminated blood ont oi 

v*i “New York and surrounding 12,000,000 collected annually 
. _ \-~r5 -Was Is trying to identify may go undetected. Research 

■ V- 2 S? ^Aout 700 people wbo received- is continuing mto even more 
' transfusions since 1077 that effective tests. 

may have been contaminated The number of Aids ca^ 
? i - T* :r Kjmm with the Aids vires. Infection resulting from blood ^trairsfn- 
* with the vires does not neces- s ions given before the strict 
~larily lead to Aids. new tests began last year wnj 

Johanna Pindyck, dfrec- rise for the rest of the decade 
%r:of a thn 'Greatpr Nevr^ork bedtose there is an^ver^e 
‘ 'Blood. Programme, said .the time lag of five years from the 
.that; any single patient day of infection to devewp- 
^ piight have recrived contmm- 
fflited Wood was one in 10,000. 

But early last yew new 
procedures for testing donors 
__ blood lessened the nsk « 

.. I ^receiving a contaminated 
’ M^ransfnsion to one in 25U.0UU. 

',V . »• Aids began app«iriog to 

v; - -TSew York around ^WV* 

■ *** \ ,^b««h it was not identified as 

’ - ?SSiuiitil 1981. A numbw of 

-■> % 


v: :- 
’*• f-:' 

x: ; : 

■-j , 

isr ■ ■ ' 

-i . 

- -;t 1 3. 
7 *-’ -rr »*• 



luaj ara 

meat of Aids. 

Public misconceptions 

about increasing dangers from 

blood transfusions therefore 

seem certain to increase as the 
worsening figures are an- 
nounced over me coming t&ree 
to four years. 

Some patients who should 
have a, transfusion have been 


Such until known to turn them doom for 

donors now identified ®nder fearo f contracting Aids, hut in 
the new procedures as cany™* general doctors report that 
if -fJtr the AMs vires have been *o ncenie d patients will accept 
\\ * 2 $tiJu K . giving hlood since that time, reassurances. 

: llThe^ftyV health deportment ^ snspected of 

Mvhndv being spread throagh blood in 
- * -‘y^Wrus antibodies to JJfhoW - Presideast Bffp" sng- 

■* "'ipeeived tainted Mood. should store their own 

. -> blood for possible transfasion. 


Mine traf Australian 
on Platters 

• n< 


From Stephen Taytor 

v.-v -*ri 'I' :'.The Australian Govem- 
. . ' i'iiient. thoroughly, embarra^ 
. ■ - e^i by the fiasco involving a 

: ;v : 1 ^upof black musicranscaJI- 

' - *:**.:.. VJ Stile Platters, relented at the 
. - > weekend and granted visasen- 

ahUng the American voc^ 
group to carry out a short 

- Ctf group to carry 
k \A for J* “- Australian tour. 
1U 1 . - jhey stepped ( 
• ?>' „.*w-their first, audiei 

Mucw out in front of 
■ ..^tneir nrsi. audience last ^'B" 

‘ ^.J&erMr Christopher Hurford, 

: ^he Minister for Immigration, 
Reversed his earlier dcosion 
* ’ barring them because they did 
V - 5> n0 j have sufficient talent “«> 
J' : v ' lead to the cultural enneh- 

J ment of the community- 
“7‘i The episode has left _the 

^ ^Government looking shame- 





• . DogtltaJettr- 

^^Wedding cake 

makes histwy 


da Conc- 

to Senhor 

daughter Man* 

strike dries 
up Norway 

From Tony Samstag 

This summer has been glori- 
ously hot and dry tiiroughout 
most of Norway, but feara of a 
protracted drought have l«s 
to do with the increasing 
danger of forest fires than with 
the strike in the 

government-controlled mo^- 

poly chain of off-licences, 
which today enters its third 

W ^Vtr Kaare Hansen, leader of 
the shop and office workere 
union, issued a warning that 
the action, in pursuit of an 
Hi per cent pay nse. coum 

continue for at least another 

fortnight, after *?S. ec “ on 1 £ 
a compromise offer at tne 

^“tailar strike in the 
winter of 1982 lasted more 
a month, casting » '™e 
shadow over Christmas fest 

’tTo* the Grmid and 
Continental Hotels have an- 
nounced their inten tion^ of 
closing at least some of tiie^ 
£^4 this week. Catenng staff ! 

is not affected- .. 

d ^.mrv even if duty doubles 

* Confiscations of undecked 

bottles are w ^^™ 3 ^ 

CUSl T^«day t 2 ® hetpins 
^ S inquiries in 

8 f«S ^t^ov^to 
gSj?rtout £ 10 . 000 -^ 

and spints from West 


tight for 
a ‘royal’ 

From Paul Validy 
New York 

With much reference to 
Wednesday's royal wedding, 
the people — or at any rate the 
TV people and journalists - of 
America made a great to-do 
over the nuptials of Caroline 
Kennedy in Centerville, Mas- 
sachusetts, this weekend. 

But if the Kennedy* remain 

the nearest thing America has 
to a royal fanDy, the couple 
took a different attitude. Pri- 
vacy and security were the top 
priorities at the wedding. 

It was the kind of security 
which only the family of a 
former haul of state coaid 
command. In addition to police 
and Secret Servicemen aronnd 
the church and Hyanuisport 
home of the dan's matriarch, 
Mrs Rose Kennedy, the Feder- 
al Aviation Administration 
sealed off air space above to 
shield the 400 guests from 
airborne photographers. 

The only daughter of former 
President Kennedy posed for 
pictures with her bridegroom, 
the artist and designer Edwin 
Schlossberg, in the traditional 
manner at the foot of the chap- 
el stairs, and cameramen took 
advantage of the opportunity. 

The couple appeared re- 
laxed, in contrast to the bride's 
mother, Mrs Jacqueline On- 
assis, wbo arrived looking 
tense and thin in a pale green 
crepe dress. She left, weeping 
softly, on the aim of ber broth- 


SSSZS! ^A«SfiSi!SSSS 8 ».«e 


married Edwin 

er-in-faiw. Senator Edward 

About 2,000 spectators had 
gathered to cheer the bride 
they remembered as the little 
girl who endeared herself to 
the media by wandering into a 
waiting presidential press con- 
ference and annonneing that 
her father was upstairs with 
his shoes and socks off doing 

The wedding of the girl who 
describes herself as a student 

at Colombia Law School was 
subjected to intense press 
scrutiny, with debates over the 
wisdom of a marriage with 
such an age and religion gap — 
she is 26 and he 41, she a 
Roman Catholic and he a Jew . 

Bat family friends report a 
solid courtship of some five 
years and believe the marriage 
will be a great success. The 
warmth of the crowds of well- 
wishers outside the chorea 
called forth a similar blessing. 

Study finds 
US whites 
11 times 
better off 

New York - .The average 
white household in the Unitea 
States owns more than u 
times the assets of the average 
black household, according to 
the most comprehensive study 
of American wealth ever con- 
ducted (Paul Valleiy writes). 

The US Census Bureau, 
which surveyed 20.900 house- 
holds, said the averaw white 
famiW was worth $39,135 
(£26,600). The figure for ^His- 
panic homes was only $4,913 
and For blacks S3, 397. The 
bureau's economists were sur- 
prised at the size of the 
disparity, which one welfare 
economist said was “some- 
thing to be worried about”. 

More than 30 per cent of 
black households had either a 
zero or negative rating on a 
scale which covered home and 
car ownership and savings. 
Only 8 per cent of whites came 
into the same category. 

The economists offered sev- 
eral tentative explanations 
blacks have a long history of 
low incomes, segregation and 
lower-quality schooling, and 
have a high proportion of 
single-parent families. The 
smallest black-white disparity 
was found among black two- 
parent families. 

At the opposite extreme 
23.4 per cent of white house- 
holds were worth more than 
$ 1 00.000. The comparable fig- 
ures for blacks and Hispanics 
were 3.9 per cent and 8.2 per 
cent respectively. 


y.„ . ~ryr-,‘ tfj'JISrVy' 

1 THE 



: n 

A break with traditioa 

Most personal computers only have 
two ways of doing things — their way, 
and the wrong way. But with Apple™ 
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Post the coupon for more informa- 
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Pleas? send me more information about Apple business 
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'll. no.. 

T 21 7 


post to- Annie Computer UK Ud., FREEPOST, Information 
tore,’ toman Vfny, Hemel Hempstead. Herts. HP24BR 

| Cei 


The power to succeed. 

( Apple and the Apple Logo are trademarks d Apote Computer Inc. 

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're all on 

much better speaking terms 

A stroll down the corridors of powder will show you just 
how advanced we are in* the field of communications. 

The telephone system Plessey recently manufactured 
for the Palace ofWestminster is one of the most sophisticated 
in the world. Known as ISDX, it allows the honourable mem- 
bers and their Lordships even greater freedom of speech 
than they enjoy in the House. 

As many as six participants can be involv ed in any one 
telephone conversation. 

The re-routing of calls can be easily arranged. (Ideal for 
those who hop from office to office.) 

And for especially persistent individuals, the phone can 
automatically call back if someone is engaged. 

The system also handles data, text, facsimile, viewdata, 
telex, teletext and compressed video. And anything else that 
will come in future years as a result of Plesseys continuing 
research and development programme. 

Spreading the word 

Politicians, however, are not the only people who rely 
on us for their communications. 

The ISDX, and other digital systems supplied by 
Plessev; are used by Harrods, Jaguar Sainsburys and three 
of the four clearing banks. They help to make up our list of 
thousands of clients. 

A fist that gives us 60% of the UK large private switching 
market, and makes us the leading supplier of private digital 
systems in Europe. 

None of which has come about accidentally. Telecom- 
munications is one of our three core areas of specialization. 

Defence electronics and micro electronics are the 
other two. 

Because we have not wasted our energies on diversi- 
fication. vve have become experts at what we do. 

Unlike some companies. 

Our expertise, combined with a strong cash balance 
and sound strategic planning, has enabled us to identify 
future markets, and to be ready and waiting with the iiio'st 
advanced state of the art products when the time 


In the last 4 years alone, we have spent over £ 
new product development in all our principal business areas. 

Time to speak up. 

Inevitably our successful financial record has come to 
the attention of other more envious companies. 

Companies that would put our own proven managerial 
style at risk by depriving it of its independence. 

It may be in their best interests. Its not in ours. 
And certainly not in vours. 

® PLESSEY : . 

The height of high technology. 

MONDAY JULY 21 1986. 


Ortega calls on Reagan 
to avert risk of ‘total 
war’ in Central America 

Swoop in 
nets Sikh 

• From John Carlin ■ 11 Defending controversial de- 

Managua Fiirnnpfln annual visions earlier this month to 

Presidem Ortega of Nicara- JSJJJKTSIL g* *^."8 KSE 

S!S 1 pri? l SSfi ^. 0 ! Cent ? *“ a ™ MWS ’ ****** flnd P° Uti_ and to drive^wo seni ^ 

man Catholic cMs- 

Frora Kvldip Nayar 

KSWE ajSBKiiliffK 

Amenca risked ^Otal waT . dans who signed a newspaper man Catholic derics — well- 
“JfjJ ^ Pr “J de ? 1 Reagan to advertisement appealing to the known enemies of the Sand- 
°L co ?J n if on US to note the World Court ini^ - | n to exile. President 
and abide by a World Court jndgement was the British Onega said the object had not 
ruling which sought the sus- Opposition leader, Mr Neil beeJfio “radicalize” the Nica- 
JS2“ ° f n V S , a,d ul? the Kinnock (Reuter reports from ra&uan revolution bat to de- 

railed on President 





. >* 

. , h« ltl 

‘ ruling which sought the sus- SSStai £d«7 mTT« 

..pension of US aid to the Kinnock (Reuter reports from raRU an revolution but to de- 


days aft£ The lhc of the w zone - The Nicaraguan President 

' WoridCourt judgement. to no when he history would described the owners of La 

look tack on Preston. R«- Pnm sa and .he two church- 

. sionai decision to award FlOO S 3 " ”J.^ e U & 1 35 Nero men » "ESP thSs 

;• mUlion (£67.5 million) in aid and Huler - « n . .Sin the 

to the “mercenary forces”, the At the open-air anniversary !?? suchcriminals 

: Sandinista term for the esti- ceremony were the Vice-PresT- Un>«d States such mmmais 
' mated 12,000 Contra guerril- dent of Czechoslovakia, Mr receded lift sentences. 

' las trying to overthrow Miroslav Toman, and the A day earlier, Uie inwn 
Nicaragua's left-wing Govern- Soviet Communications Min- Minister. Senor Tomas nor^. 
r-ment ister. Mr Vasily Shamshin, as had dismissed accusations ot 

■ If the US did not relent by well as delegates from more human ngnis anuses 
v that date. Senor Ortega said, than 40 other nations, indud- Nicaragua, 

Nicaragua would call a special ing Britain but excluding the “We don t do what some 
session of the United Nations United States. repressive Latin American po- 

, . • . . e 1;^ rnmx do. extracting infor- 

fff police in Punjab used hcii- 
M copters, boats and bulldozers 
■rJk io flush out Sikh terrorists 
from Amritsar. Ferozpur and 
1 other towns in the Mand 
region along the Kapurthala 
River during ‘'Operation 
Mand“. which began last Fri- 
day. The Director-General of 
' Police. Mr J. F. Rebeiro. said 
105 people have been arrested. 

I , The Mand area, a hideout of 

. terrorists, is where the "Khal- 
« istan capital" is located. Ter- 
■ s \i rorists announced the est- 
ablishment of Khalistan. an 
■■■■*$. independent Sikh state, a few 
weeks ago. 

Nicaragua would call a special ing Britain but excluding the “We don t ao wnai some 
session of the United Nations United States. repressive Latin American po- 

Security Council to draw at- i 0 a brief departure from lice forcesda^ra^ngmtor- 

. SaT-SaSr SSSaTjta M"ed Peking^ Peki "I^ce Ch Novemtar SSSTJ pS 

““ d,ts jvsrt'nSt: SL t Si£A. BM ^ to > ^chwui*tao^“^ on sssr 

: SSE w °“ SSSsEE EFSffreS <&**&££ 

-. artnivereary ofthe Sandinista sures against their people. AnasttSlO Somoza. since Thnreday, will be The New York Times, and Mr espio- Bridsh^onal 48 hours after crossed to India from Pakistan 

revolution. President Ortega sustaining traditions of eco- The |np Stowed visit him this Warren Hoge, its foreign ed»- ^^ ^^n^He aiid Mr theOunese have given official in the past fortnight have 

drew loud cheers from a crowd nnmir mTusuce and acting as there were currently l .ou_ Darirh ITmlncCV Mr 9 in Pekins from a ®. .. ~T .■ . *v-.. «r k'n; Haii>nrinn. I surrendered. 

"~PresidentOrtegft of Nic^ Jeno^ t^Ly’s clebrafloos in EsteU. _ 

UK envoys to see detained journalist ~~ „ 

From A Correspondent Mr B «ra^ ^offS^aa^^the 1 ^ ^Embas^o 8 !^ 8 m M? U Rajiv Gandhusaidthe 

^ SSSJ SmbSr : f>l r ; Winston interview with Mr Bums. Goveromem 

1984. P Iwlds dual British-Ca- Lord, _who had cut short a visit Under the provisions of a mem failed to tackle 

wwuiw m&v. 

Police claimed that 2.800 
people have been arrested 
since the Punjab Government 
cracked down on the terrorists 
and the so-called Khalistan 
capital, where terrorists had 
established workshops for the 
repair of arms, was smashed 
during the operation. 

British consular Mi H?H5,S lSEST- - shon a risi, Un(Jer *. pro risioas ri VSK 

and the wife of Mr John ^JjUn ciUrenship. to Sichuan province. 1984 Sino-Bntish consular f^rism. 

Burns, the New York Times _-.»***» “I came here to help John,” agreement, Chinese, anthon- .. 45 

correspondent who has been On Sd^Mr A.M. \lr Rosenthal said. He de- ties must permit British con- Apol lire 

detained in Peking for mterro- RosenthaLexecntiie editor of hfe solar access to a detained of the SO StUi souths no 

1 cation since Thursday, will be The New' \ork Times, and r JjM artnn 0 _ charges of espio- British national 48 hours after crossed India from Pakistan 

1 ; Satu^. marking the seventh ^ng out repr^ive if^/.^fo^er dictator. J^taPek^forTntSrtO- STSSTSTSSi ofthT'sO Sikh' vouths.who 

annivereary ofthe Sandinista sures against their people. AnastasM) Somoza. mSot since ThSIday, will be The New York Times, and Mr e £»? espto- Bridsh^onal 48 hours after crossed to India from Pakistan 

v revolution. President Ortega sustaining traditions of eco- The gn d Stowed ^ visit him this Warren Hoge, its foreign ed»- j!“ n ^^SefHe and Mr tae Chinese bare given official in the gal fortnight have 

ksssa 1 ?!; jssiusa" r-^riS.' sr.srs s «*** ae >- 

Nicaraguan town of EsteU, in ist policy”. and 1 .025 were awamng trial, offlciai saw yestemay. » « - . HB 

: /ti *i _ 1 u- i JH ■ B - m ha B ■ Mk 

• . 

Chile holds Colombian 
25 over Army hits 
fire deaths at ‘bias’ 

From Lake Sagaris 

The commander of the Chil- 
ean Army's Santiago garrison, 
Rrimdicr-General Cartes Oje- 

From Geoffrey Matthews 

19 tt of new gas pipelne 

The Colombian Govern- 

. .1.1 itiD ormorl 

j nc cpmmimw ■« me voiuuiuimi , _ . 

ean Army's Santiago garrison, ment - though not the armed 
Briftadier-General Carlos Oje- forces - has reacted defensive- 
da. has ackno wledged that 25 ly to an Amnesty lnternauon- 
«Akfiets have been arrested for al report which charges that 

♦,Uno part in the burning 600 people have been killed py 
alive of two young people, in- military and police security 
eluding a former resident of forces in a spiralling dirty 
thTGmted States. war” during the first six 

Witnesses say a military months of this year. 

/wn<»r<xi Rrutricn Roias. While disagreeing with 

Witnesses say a military 

patrol cornered Rodrigo Rojas, wane 

oped 10 and Carmen Quinta* many of Amnesty s conclu- 
. Staged 18, on the first day of sions, there has been no at- 
a oeneral strike earlier this tempt by the admmistrauon 
tl.., wank KMt»n. rvf President Betancur to 

laid every sixty seconds 

sions, lucic wo ‘ . — 
a general smite tairu« ui« tempt by the admmistrauon 
ShS They were beaten, of President Betancur to 
soaked with petrol and set on smear the London-based hu- 
fire. They were then covered man-rights orgamzauon, as 
Stii th2k5Ttoown into a was the custom of J****; 

fire. They were then covered man-rights organization, as 
StiktuSkSTtoownmtoa wasthecustomoftoepread ; 
lorry and dumped on a lonely ing goveramenL whtojj JJJJ® 

SStSroad. subject to much more damn- 

At first the Army denied mgre ports. ' . 

reoorts that an. ai&y -patrol . •• The armed forces reacted 
SnvntveiL' But on aaeressively, accusing Amnes- 

A tall story? 

the armed forces reacted 
KThden involved. But on aggressively, accuang 
•' Fridav-nisht General Ojeda ty of bias, of ignoring at least 
. announced that three officers, 600 more deaths attnbutaMe 
fr 110 .Mnnwi nffi- in euerrfila ETOUPS, and claun- 

annonneed that three officers, ouu more a«auu=» aiu ‘ u r,r : ^ 
five non-commissioned offi- to guerrilla groups, 

££ were ing^rat some of the individual 

heinfi held and wonld be cases of alleged maltreatment 

npm^l Oieda said that the common criminals defined as 
ro vouna people were partid- "lying, miserable and vugar 

No, its a fact. British Gas laid 

two young people were pama- - g "?- ““ 

MtiogindfeorfeR.'rfomof k '^fS ialwaysb «„,iobe 

nomiish the flames. He did not in Colombia between pohu 

?^E h ^thewtroldidnot caUy motivated subversive 
exp lam whytoepawoi uxu j common cnmi- 

“SS^wSthospittl point which Anjn«|y 

: uL the incident. IntemationaJ seems obliquely 

CTOups tmd common crimi- \ •: 
“SS^wSthospittl point which Anjne^y ■ 

mSoW-ss r-rcSg v- 

^TSe^wnn^s caused horror ^Tbm^s Srei^Mini^. •/ j 
The bnrmngs caaseii Aueusto Ramirez Oc- =, . 

around the world airfb^mea Seno ^ while 

serious political pr0 ^-^ -here* and in all parts of the ' 

the Chilean world Teri Se Abuses (of . 

partiCTtar y m *^^ Iatl0nS h ^n!an rights)” the "system- : 
^£VCx5Tl»»Ple. atic violation” of such ngjj* 

*2tsj5Brrjs; " isms - defend *‘ m -- 

\ a .^rorinne. and a few 

■ r ’ 

paper accuse 


its ambassador. r 

The efforts to save Carmen 
Quintana's life have be*®®* 3 
rational camj^ ^J ^ 

^S,“^Sta«d^raseovw gg^ dent Botaacon made no 
to miliW courts, as req t cd comment on Amnesty 0 ^ 

over 1,900 miles of new gas 
pipeline last year | 

And as our pipes now stretch 
throughout most of Britain, 
more and more people are able 
to use gas.| 

Last year alone we increased 
our total number of customers 
by over 250,000. i 

_ ■ 

by Chilean law. 

CDuea n 

Aquino to talk peace 
with Muslim rebels 

From Keith Dalton. Manila 

IitnF " ” 

From aciw — ■ . 

President Aquino ^’ M S J 


he Governments ch ^12 hostages have been 

ss£ asiffifeis 

otiaior. , m0 ve to released unnaimc^*. - 


lh - e ^nhXlks^Nur fr0 J? c a miliiary ordered, a 



The pipes we are at present 
laying range from a 42" high 
pressure transmission line 
down to 2 " local gas mains. 3 
A tall order but one British Gas 
can meet 

British Gas 


J hs 1 -- 



Seconds in the ring of kings 

What does the future 

hold up its sleeve 

for Prince Andrew? 

John Grigg recalls 

the second sons who 

had the monarchy 

thrust upon them 

Wjf - v*- 

• f ;v r ; . W? ‘ 

,'v W- 

^ • JB “ ■ 


~SsSi- .L 

A s the second son of a 
sovereign. Prince An- 
drew has interesting 
precursors in modem 
(as distinct from medi- 
eval) history. No fewer than five 
became sovereigns themselves 
within the last 450 years or so. 

Henry VIII was one. He was not 
the eldest son of Henry VII — that 
was Arthur, named after the 
legendary Celtic hero as a tribute 
to the Welsh origins of the House 
of T udor. Arthur was not only heir 
to the throne until his death at the 
age of 15, he was also briefly 
married to Katherine of Aragon. 
When he died. Henry, his brother, 
acquired his widow as well as his 
rights of succession. Henry was 
only 12 at the lime. Katherine 17. 

The next second son to ascend 
to the throne was Charles I. whose 
elder brother was called Hen ry as a 
gesture to the Tudors by the new 
House of Stuart. Henry,' Prince of 
Wales, son of James I. was tali, 
strong and self-confident whereas 
Charles was small and delicate 
and with a speech defect. When 
Henry died, aged 1 1 . there was. we 
are told.’* a profound sensation 
throughout the kingdom". 

No doubt one of the problems 
Charles faced was his early sense 
of inadequacy when compared 
with his eider brother, the univer- 
sal favourite— a problem that was 
to manifest itself again in the case 
of another second son. George VI. 

James, second son of Charles I. 
was another who came to the 
throne, though not for lon$. Since 
Charles II had no legitimate 
offspring James succeeded him in 
1685. But his bigotry and tactless- 
ness led to his deposition three 
years later in what is known to 
history as the Glorious 

Last Monday, this episode was 
debated in the House of Lords on 
the initiative of Lord GrimoncU 
who said (tongue in cheek, one 
hopes) that in a multiracial society 
the Glorious Revolution was not 
the sort of historical occasion we 
ought to be celebrating. Lord 
Glenamara (Ted Short, a former 

■ V. 


/ awsn 

f v ~v>, ’,-X" 

\.V H 
, '■ Vx i 
’• • a??.* 


In line for the monarchy: second sons who unexpectedly found themselves invested with power at the head of the kingdom. From left, Henry VIH, Charles L, and James II 

-■ ....■jf-: . : . 

Facing the challenge of modern times: from left, George V, George VI, . the only British king to have assumed the position after an abdication, and Prince Andrew 

Labour cabinet minister) argued 
preposterously that it was “noth- 
ing more than the ousting of the 
rightful, lawful king by religious 
prejudice", to be answered with 
just indignation by Lord Annan, 
who said that it “established the 
basic liberties of Britain". 

The next second son to inherit 
was George V. Strictly speaking, 
he was not the second son of a 
sovereign because by the time his 
father. Edward VII. had become 
king, his elder brother, the Duke of 
Clarence, was.dead. But until he 
was 26 George had no reason to 
suppose he would ever become 

There is a curious parallel 
between his case and that of Henry 
VIII. though as characters the two 

men could hardly have been more 
different A marriage had been 
arranged (by Queen Victoria) 
between the Duke of Clarence and 
Princess May of Teck. This was 
forestalled by his sudden death but 
the princess did not forfeit her 
eventual role as Queen Mary 
because she soon transferred her 
hand to the surviving brother. 

The most recent second son to 
become king was, of course, 
George VI, who assumed the 

position in unique circumstances, 
through the abdication of his elder 
brother. It seems most unlikely 
that Prince Andrew will follow the 
example of his maternal grand- 
father and others mentioned here 
because the present Prince of 
Wales seems to enjoy “a good 

life", has shown bo sign of wishing 
to waive his rights of succession 
and in any case has two, apparent- 
ly healthy, sons. 

Apart from the special kudos of 
being numbered in the long line of 
English and British sovereigns, 
there is not all that much differ- 
ence between being the monarch 
and being any other prominent 
and active member of the Royal 
Family. Prince Andrew need not 
fed unduly deprived. He is scarce- 
ly, if at all less well known, than 
the Prince of Wales and there will 
be more than enough for him and 
his wife to do as the number two 
couple in their generation. 

Will he be made a royal duke on 
the occasion of his wedding, or 
soon afterwards? George VI was 

made Duke of York before he was 
married or even engaged but 
perhaps the Queen or Prince 
Andrew may share Queen 
Victoria’s view that “a prince no- 
one else can be, whereas a duke 
any nobleman can be. and many 

The title traditionally, though 
not invariably, conferred upon the 
second son of a sovereign is that of - 
Duke. of York. Charles I. had it . 
before his brother died and James ', 
ir was Duke of York for most of 
his life (hence the renaming of ' 
New Amsterdam as New York in ' 
1664. when the British captured it 
from the Dutch). 

The first Hanoverian Duke of 
York was Ernest Augustus, broth- 
er of Geoige L of whom the 

Dictionary of National Biography 
says dismissively that “the fact of 
his existence was scarcely known 
to the majority of the British 

The next, however — Frederick 
Augustus, second son of George 
III - is among the more familiar 
names in British history if only 
because' of the popular song 
referring tohis military exploits. 

The family trees of 

HRH The Prince Andrew and Miss Sarah Ferguson 
showing their descent 
from the Royal House of Stuart 

(IS66 1625) 

dau. of King 
Frederick II 
of Denmark 


(1596 1662} 

Duke of Bavaria 
(d. 1 632) 

(1600 1649) (d.1669) 

dau. of King Henry VI 
of France 


2nd Earl of 
(1626 1651) 

dau. of tilh Earl 
of Rothes 



I Elector of Hanover 

of Braganza 

dau. of King John IV 
of Portugal 

(1630 1685) 




Duke of Monmouth and Bucdeacfa I 
(1649 1685) 

Counless of Bucdeuch 
(created Duchess in 1663) 

(1660 1727) 


dau. of George William. Duke of Brunswick 
and Celle 

Earl of Dalkeith I dau. of 1st Earl 

(16741705) I ' of Rochester 

(1683 1760) 



dau. of John Frederick Margrave of Brandenburg 
and Anspadi 


2nd Duke of Bucdeuch | (cL 1 729) 

(1694 1751) 

t* -X * 4%+:*? ■ 

Prince of Wales 



dau. of Frederick II. Duke of Saxe-Gotha 

Earl of Dalkeith I co-heiress of Duke or Argyll 
(1721 1750) ] and Greenwich 

(1738 1820) 

Three years ago ex-surgeon 
William Whodward couldn't 
even wash without help. 



dau. of Charles Louis Frederick of 


3rd Duke of Bucdeuch (1746 1812) I (d.1827) 

5th Duke oTQucensberry from IgiQ I 

H e'stiares with Nelson, 
though with rather 
less reason, the dis- 
tinction of standing at 
the top of a column in 
central London. 

For a time he was heir to George 
IV but narrowly predeceased him, 
leaying the succession to a youn- 
ger brother. William IV. 

Queen Victoria did not approve 
of the Hanoverian Dukes of York 
and was therefore prejudiced 
against the title. She did not confer 
it on her own second son, Alfred, 
but instead made him Duke of 
Edinburgh. She was. however, 
persuaded late in her reign to 
make her grandson, the future 
George V. Duke of York. He held 
the title not as second son of the 
sovereign but as second son of the 
Prince of Wales. 

Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, 
distressed his mother by haying an 
amorous escapade in Malta while 
serving as a young naval officer. 
(Such things have been known to 
happen more recently.) In due. 
course he married a daughter of. 
Tsar Alexander III. the union 
causing an international royal 
row. since the Tsar tried to insist 
that his daughter should have 
precedence over all the British 
princesses, including the Princess 
of Wales. 

Queen Victoria would have 
none of this. The Grand Duchess 
was told that she would rank not 
only after the Princess of Wales 
but also after the Queen's eldest 
daughter Vicky, Crown Princess of 
Prussia. Though full of resent- 
menL the new daughter-in-law 
had to accept the Queen's ruling. 

Fortunately no such complica- 
tions are likely to result from 
Wednesday's wedding. Times 
have changed — and anyway the 
Fergusons are a less snooty lot 
than the Romanovs. 

Duke of Kent 
and Srraibeara 

dau. of Frauds 
Duke of Saxe Cobuig-Saalfeld 


4ih Duke of Bucdeuch. 6ih Duke of Queensberry | dau. of In Viscouui Sydney 
(1772 1819) (d.1814) 

For an athlete {he rowed for Sydney Univer- 
sity, Oxford and England) and an orthopaedic 
. surgeon to be left after a stroke unable to do 
anything for himself meant Bill Woodward was 
< almost helpless when he came to the Royal 
Hospital and Home for Incurables. 

Being a brave man, with a determined team of 
: nurses, doctorsand therapistsgiving concentrated 
and orchestrated care, Bill can now do most things 
for himself, even though he still can't speak. 

We have 330 patients like Bill. Please help 
such courage and such dedication. We are a regis- 

• tered charity (No. 205907) and rely on your 
donations, legacies and covenants. p^Lij 

Our Director of Appeals is KVtl 
‘ Captain A. D. Hutton, QBE, RNlRefd), 

! The Royal Hospital and Home for 

* Incurables, Dept. TTW, West Hill, 

Putney, London SWl 5 3S W. e^n 



ofSaxe-Cobtug and Gotha 


5lh Duke of Bucdeuch. 7ifa Duke of Qtxcnsbcrry | dau. of 2nd Mamuess 

(1806 1884) I ofBaih«LI8951 


(1841 1910) 

(cL 1 925) 

dau. of Christian IX 
King of Denmark 


6Ui Duke of Bucdeuch. 8th Duke of Queensberrv ■ 
(1831 1914) 

dau. of 1st Duke 


The royal couple's 
social circle and 
the team behind 
the wedding look 

Murray the Hump 

was Public Enemy 

No 1: but escaped the 

spotlight - until now 

Not having much to boast 
about except rugby, choirs and 
Neil Kionock, Welshmen are 
perpetually searching for oth- 
er Welshmen 'tvho. m some , 
obscure activity or remote « 
spot, ' have achieved seitt^N 
slight degree of prominence. _ J * 
Welsh television pro-"' 
gramme-makers are partial 
larly prone to this wanderlust, M 
sparing no- ‘effort to bring Jo 
their viewers hews and jhCt _ 
tores of some newly-discov- r 
ered Welshman wtuLhas made ^ 
good. Or, in this case, bad.’ 

Murray the Hump, orMwc- ^r 
ray the CameL born Llewellyn £ 
Maurice Humphreys, was th e.ST 
only Welshman to make it to ?;» 
the top of his chosen calling- . 
when he achieved the status afa>. 
America's Public Enemy!? 
Number One in 1933. He wasn't 
the brains behind A1 Capones* 
and took over the syndicated 
when Capone was imprisoned?* 
on tax charges. “. .cS, 
He originated the practice of 
“laundering” ill-acquired! 
gains into legitimate business'?*' 
enterprises, and went on tn ?L 
control the Hollywood film c£ 
anions, introduced gamblings 
to the state of Nevada, and & 
generally acted as a behind-:^ 
the-scenes political maoipnlfe-^ 
tor, which allegedly included 
helping Eisenhower become!?’ 
President of the United States.-^ 
Bobby Kennedy vowed . A?* 
bring him to justice, and the?> 
FBI spent decades trying to da si 

GEORGE V = PRINCESS MARY of Tedc (d.1953) 

(1865 1936) 

granddaughter of Adolphus. 
Duke of Cambridge 



7th Duke of Bucdeuch. 9th Duke of Queensberry MONTAGU-DOUGLAS-SCOTT 


(1864 1935) 

(1872 1944) 

(1895 1952) 


dau. of Claude . (1900 1974) MONTAGU- FERGUSON 

14th Earl of Strathmore 
and Kingbome 



(1899 1966) 

lb. 1908) 

(b.1926) I Duke of Edinburgh 
(b. 1921) 

Duke of Gloucester 

(b.1937) FERGUSON 



(6.1 959) 


1 Girlie picture (3-2) 

4 Honourable (7) 

8 Paved yard area (S) 

9 Subtle lact (7) 

10 Coal mine (8) 

11 Worry (4) 

13 Italian farewell (II) 

17 Trial (4) 

18 Staked enclosure (8) 

21 Trouble (7) 

22 Foolish (5) 

23 Lift up (7) 

24 Contests (5) 

The Royal Hospital and 
Home for Incurables 


1 Pope s office (6) 

2 Pietermaritzburg 
.province! 5 ) 

3 Abundant (8) 

4 Memorable M2) 

5 Ra>e(4).< 

6 Of stomach (7) 

7^ Pact (8) 

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mi iiiiii 
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12 Becoming (8) 

14 Pul by (7) 

15 Principal (6) 

1 $ Rises agafnsi (6) 
19 Frighten (5). 

2ft Cougar (41 . 


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the royal 

Sarah Ferguson is likely 
to be scrutinized and 
criticized by public and the 
Press for the rest of her 
life. Will these daily pressures diminish her 
natural enthusiasm? Libby Piirves speculates 

Rfi* Futures 

• • •" li^«: 


^ f.. 7— 7 to. 

-; .•■>*: ** 

I SL ** A 

i * 

i *-'*$*• , 

a- •»•■• .'llfc Si 
1 J». 

’ . *5: K 

■. ' *"n~7 

. . •• :r-i 

Sarah Ferguson's wedding is a fine 
spectacle to look forward to, but 
inpre interesting still is the prospect 
of watching her next five years. 

After all, remember that bounc- 
ing. smiling, innocent-eyed teenager 
with the overgrown fringe, staring 
around her in St Paul's five years 
ago with the grave dignity of a child? 
That, girl turned into the lautly 
slender, slightly strained, infinitely 
graver Princess of Wales we have 
now. . 

It is, then, surely legitimate to 
wonder what the same process of 
becoming a princess is going to do 
to Sarah Ferguson. A good many 
women of lesser feme, after an, 
share the experience of being sud- 
denly defined and confined by a 
husband's status. 

She is definitely less malleable 
than Diana Spencer. This is a 
grown-up woman with a real job, 
who had die chutzpah to contradict 
Andrew in public on her engage- 
ment day. There is none of that 
humble stuff like “With Prince 
Charles by my side I can't go 
wrong” from Sarah. 

‘An ambassador for 
Britain’s brightest 
’ fashion designers’ 

The press ratpack respect her 
mightily. “My great fear” one said, 
“is that She'D come up and thump 
me on the chest in that chummy 
way she has. I might never walk 
again.” But there. are bound to be 

Tim Satcheil. beady-eyed author 
of Rova/ Romance, says: “She’D 
. have to improve her walking, for a 
staM. She hasia tendency, to waddle. 
And she'll have to sort out her 
clothes — she used to be a great 
dresser for a girl without much 
money. Throw money at girts like 
that and they just louse it up.” 
Superficial though the criticism is, 
you can't ignore it nor, presumably, 
can the victim. 

It is one thing to be a private 
citizen who looks OK. in the mirror, 
and quite another to be constantly' 
photographed from all the worst 
angles (three-quarter rear, bending 

for a bouquet, would be rough on 
anyone's self-image) and lectured by 
malicious hags on fashion pages 
about the need to lose weight. 

It does not matter that the future 
princess is. in fact, a perfectly 
healthy size (she is a skier of black- 
run standard, which does not imply 
poor physique). What matters is 
that the Press and foe women’s 
magazines will vociferously de- 
mand that she should be “an 
ambassador for Britain's brightest 
fashion designers” just as Diana 
has been: and fashion designers 
require models who took like stick 

It would be nice to see Princess 
Andrew raising two (metaphorical) 
fingers to the lot of them, giving up 
her uncomfortable attempts at cou- 
ture clothes and staying the full- 
bodied. wild-haired girl she was; but 
the photographs and the sneers will 
probably have their effect. 

I can tell you that she has not, as 
yet, been smuggled up the concrete 
back staircase at Vogue House in 
Hanover Square, as Diana was, to 
be advised by the immaculate Anna 
Harvey; but some similar guru will 
doubtless be found to design a 
soignte and self-conscious carapace 
for her to hide in. 

More important still is foe matter 
of a princess’s demeanour. It is said 
that when she married, Diana 
wanted her friend Fergie as a lady- 
in-waiting, but that the Palace 
refected her as “too inexperienced”. 
Well, they’ve got her now. 

It is also said (although the Palace 
wouldn't confirm it, and indeed 
why should they?) that Lady Susan 
Hussey, most friendly and down-to- 
earth of the Queen's own ladies-ic- 
waiting. has been detailed to “take 
Sarah in hand”, and teach her foe 
ropes and the ceremonial aspects of 
her new position. 

A lot of this no doubt consists of 
explaining which rules you can 
break, and when. After all, techni- 
cally, as Prince Andrew's biogra- 
pher Nicholas Courtney points out. 
even her father ought to start calling 
her Ma'am, starting on Wednesday 
afternoon, and give a small neck- 
bow when they meet. 

Then there is the sight of people 
curtsying — not something you get 

Masses of enthusiasm: "She sails in, red head up, larking and laughing around with the crowd* 

used to at once - and foe dreadfully 
inhumane rule that anyone address- 
ing royalty must wait for the royal to 
instigate a subject of conversation 
first.Fortunately for the sanity of 
the Royal Family, this last rule is 
frequently broken: but in foe early 
months there will be fearful shoals 
of uncertainty for the Princess to 
navigate, not least while her hus- 
band is away from her side. 

Advantage will be taken by new 
acquaintances; and, as Courtney 
points out it is years of experience 
that give foe Royal Family their 
unique ability to “spot a wrong 'un 
at a hundred paces”. James 
Whitaker of the Daily Mirror fondly 
recalls foe royal trick of “freezing off 
unfortunate approaches ... oh. 
they just give this look past you, and 
pretend not to hear ...” 

This will be a new an for a 
friendly girt, used to doing persua- 
sive and informal jobs like flat- 
tening and publishing, to learn. 
Still, she is the daughter of a courtier 
and has presumably been fending 
off questions like “What's foe 
Queen really like?" since she was 
three years old. 

As for her friends, Tim Satcheil 
has been checking them out for his 
book, and reports that already 
certain notable Hoorays have not 
had a phone call from her since foe 
announcement. “The sort who 
throw bread rolls at dinner. They're 
out. now ” he says. 

Day-to-day life is a matter for 
guesswork. Andrew already shares a 

secretary. Wing-Commander Adam 
Wise, with Prince Edward. Wise 
will no doubt also deal with Sarah's 
engagements when they begin to 

She will have one lady-in-waiting, 
but domestic staff may be sparse. 
Gaicombc Park, after all. runs on 
two or three domestics, and it is not 
compulsory to live like an Onassis. 
In fact, if Prince Andrew goes on his 
course at Yeovilton. Somerset, later 
this year, his wife's introduction to 
royal life may turn out to be fer 
more gentle a slope than Diana's 

‘Charm is one 
thing, royalty 
is another’ 

As for her public vow to continue 
working, opinions divide on wheth- 
er she actually can. She is working 
on one book project for her employ- 
ers. BCK. Graphic Arts, which will 
not be finished until Christmas, but 
most royal-watchers think she will 
do little more than “fiddle” with her 
old work after that because her real 
job now is quite different. 

Processing is a business in itself. 
You are foe patron of charities — 
they are queuing up already — and 
you line up with foe rest of the clan 
looking good, and above all you do 
walkabouts and visit things. The 
consensus is that Sarah Ferguson is 

Loving too little 
means losing a lot 

pretty good 3t this (“She's like a 
Labrador, a pleased-to-meet-you- 

She sails in, red head up. laughing 
and larking around with the crowd, 
even taking their pictures with their 
own cameras; her only fault is over- 
enthusiasm and slowing down foe 

But when she said in Northern 
Ireland: “Andrew’s told me to shut 
up three times already — he thinks 
I'm getting too excited" we heard, I 
suspect foe authentic sound of a 
clash between new-minted enthusi- 
astic royalty and foe weary, experi- 
enced old-lag variety. 

It seems a pity, but give her five 
years and the new* Princess will have 
moved towards foe latter style: a 
few superficial words, a smite, and 
move on down the line. The 
Princess of Wales's walkabouts used 
to overrun, too; now they don’L 

So what can anyone predict for 
the 1 990s? A princess more circum- 
spect. thinner, quieter? Perhaps, as 
Courtney puts it, “more courtly”. 

. And if we wish her a comfortable 
marriage, which surely most of us 
do, the transformation may be just 
as well. Journalists apart, my one 
genuine royal insider — a grand old 
trout whose name wild horses will 
not drag from me — only snorted 
discreetly when I said how charm- 
ing the bouncy Sarah seemed to be. 
“Charm is one thing”, she said 
darkly. “Royalty is another.” 

©Ttwm N w n p ipw ra Ltd. 1886 

I like nearly all of Dorothy 
Parker's poetry, but not these 
lines from “Somebody's 
Song”: . 

Let me. for our happiness. 

Be the mu to love the It sc 
This is what l pray. 

Have you ever seen a woman 
who “loves the less”? She is 
smog, irritable, with empty 
eyes, and when her husband 
arrives borne, an expression 
of such extreme dissociation 
appears on her face that one 
antoomtically checks to see if 
the poor chap is suffering 
from a stack zipper. 

Fortunately, Miss Parker's ■ 
prayers went unheeded and 
she want onto write fer better 
poems about love and loss and 
pain, all of which are the lot of 
the woman who loves the 

Bnt now there is a book 
which aims to teach women to 
stop loving too much* and I 
think its views are mistaken. 
Loving too much comes as 
easily as breathing to most 
women, and if yon cut off their 
supply of heartbreak alter- 
nating with Miss, they might 
die of sheer tedium. 

I am disturbed by the 
book's case-history heroine, 
who starts off a terrible mess, 
it is true (“1 thought 1 was 
making him love me, by 
giving myself to him. I gave 
him everything, everything I 
had to ri>e”) but ends up, 
having learnt more self-con- 
trol, asking “What I want to 
know is, where did all my 
sexual feelings go?”, which 
doesn't seem a very satisfac- 
tory state of affairs. 

Throughout the book runs 
a parade of impossible men 
who forget to telephone, ar- 
rive home late or drank, or 
both, and are as irresponsible 
as puppies. 

As case-histories in a book 
written by a therapist* who 
lives in California, such men 
don't shape up to much, bnt in 
real life they often inspire a 
tremendous amount of love 
and devotion — admittedly, 
with a lot of saucepan-throw- 
ing and threats of going home 
to mother. 

I take issue with the book's 
author, Robin Norwood, who 
thinks that loving such men 
constitutes deviant behaviour. 
They are usually loved too 
modi because they are 
charming or mysterious or 
can throw grapes into the air 
and catch them in four 
months. They are loved too 
modi becanse they are easy to 

But it is not only irresistible 
men who are loved more than 
they love — most men are 
because, mi foe whole, women 
are better at loving. Insisting 
that women curtail their lov- 
ing seems to me like another 
attempt at training them to 
behave like men, and there is 

•Women Who Love Too 
Much by Robin Norwood 
(Arrow, £2.50). 



too much of that going on 
already. I do not want women- 
taking a pen-knife to their 
wrists in a desperate frenzy of 
unrequited love, but I do quite 
like the way they take it upon 
tbemselres to give more than , 
they usually get. 

If they didn't, I don’t know 
what foe alternative wonld be. ' 
Women constantly on the 
look-out for solid husband 
material who won't demand 
too much of their attention 
and can be relied upon to pnt 
up double-glazing? Women 
complaining that their hus- 
bands haven't “grown” with 1 
them? Women forgetting J 
birthdays and anniversaries- 
because they don't love ‘ 
enough to care? Women get- - 
ting lines of permanent dis--' 
content drooping from foe - 
corners of their mouths be- 
cause, since they no longer 
see their partners through a 
haze of love, they find their 
habit of gesticulating with - 
their fork or not rinsing foe 
hand-basin after they have- 
shaved perfectly intolerable? 

The therapist who wrote 1 
Women Who Love Too Much 
wrote it for women for whom ' 
“being in lore means being in ' 
pain ”. A helpfnl gesture on 
her part - just as tong as it is 
remembered that being on 
constant guard-duty against 
onr emotions can bring a pain 
all its own. 

The wonderfully-named 
Faith Popcorn is a women- 
who knows what 's what. She ■ 
runs a trend-analysis compa- 
ny called Brain-Reserve and, ■ 
long before anybody else,, 
predicted that "New Coke ” 
would turn out to be a big . 
mistake (it did). 

More recently. Miss Pop- 
corn has been saying that 
drinking, although not to- 
exccss. is coming back be- * 
cause having a drink is a good 
wav to relieve stress. 

Speaking as one who has ■ 
never meditated, gone for the ■ 
bum or unwound through 
yoga, I am delighted that my - 
ola-fashioned habit of sipping 
an evening whisky is now a - 
property-accredited trend. 

Fathers who are voting 
against forced labour 

EVER SINCE I watched Dr 
Kildare , 1 have wanted to wear 
a green operating coat and a 
mask and turn taps on and on 
with my elbows. When my big 
chance came, it was as pait of 
a small social revolution. For 
after centuries of pacing and 
slugging whisky white upstairs 
the women screamed, the men 
have moved into the delivery 
room. The majority of fethere 
now attend foe births of their 
children, and if they are to be 
believed, they love every 
minute of iL 

They certainly talk about it. 
There was a time, I'm told, 
when lathers of new-borns 
would merely return a con- 
gratulation with a cigar from 
the top pocket. These days, to 
offer a casual: “Well donri 
How did it go?” is to nsk 
invoking a full and examina- 
tion-standard response. “Not 

bad ... we found it hc av y 
going in transition — a bit or 
tearing but thankfully not too 
fer... we'd never have an 

It used to take a 
brave man to be 
at the birth of his 
child. But now 
it takes far more 
nerve to stay away 

epidural again ...” And this 
from a mere acquaintance. 

I can claim myself to have 
seen two placentas, both my 
children's, but from such con- 
versations I can ri v e you 
details of many more. I ve 
seen graphic Polaroid pictures 
handed round as if they were 
happy snaps from Bognorand 
expect any day to be invited to 
see a video- 

Nor is it a case of dashing on 
stage for the grand finale and 
the curtain call. white foe bit- 
player has been building to her 
climax for nine long months: 

New Men go to all the 

Across cushioned floors foe 
length and breadth of foe 
country, wherever a branch of 
foe National Childbirth Trust 
is found, you will see us being 
re-educated in the facts of life 
with foe help ofa plastic, pass- 
round pelvis with Dayglo 

WE ALLOW our fingers to 
play in the delicate, pain- 
soothing movements of 
effleurage across ladies we 
have not met, but happen to 
be squatting next to. Our 
mothers, let alone our grand- 
mothers, would be shocked. 
Men who have yet to go 
through it will be shocked 
even more but at themselves, 

“It is one of the truly great 
happenings”, says Michael, a 
publisher and veteran now of 
two births, both of which he 
claims would have caused him 
“deep resentment” to have 
missed. “It is one of foe great 

p fjog&k OKAY BVBRYBoW 


shared experiences of life, like 
climbing mountains. Shared 
danger is rare in life, and you 
come through the birth of a 
child knowing someone much 
better than you did before. I 
am still elated when I think 
back to it.” 

Thus speaks a convert. We 
knew him when his upper lip 

was stiffen his friends will tell 
you how he shuddered, when 
his wife broke the news, at the 
future effect on his wine of 
having to raise foe central 
heating temperature in their 
fiat. They will also tell you 
how he soon became relentless 
in his thirst for knowledge, 
and when told by foe NCT 

teacher that tea-strainers were 
useful to protect tender, feed- 
ing nipples, he demanded to 
be told how they should be 
kept in place. Glue? Sticky 
tape? What did she recom- 
mend? And he would not 
leave till he had an answer. 
One more father for whom foe 
earth moved (and whose wine 
now simmers). 

“IT NEVER crossed my mind 
that I might not be at foe 
birth", admits Paul Chandler, 
a former slaughter-house 
worker who fell that the “gory 
bits" might be less off-putting 
to him than to some men 
without foe benefit of his 
professional background. “I 
wanted to do all 1 could to 
distract her mind from iL I 
think fathers have a great deal 
to contribute. The doctors are 
doing a job; they've got medi- 
cal things to think about. The 
mental state of foe mother 
doesn’t seem to be any con- 
cern of theirs.” 

And where does foe child 
come in any felher’s thoughts 
while bis wife heaves and 
groans? Not very high, is my 
guess. His woman, the centre 
of his life, is lying on the 
delivery table giving every 
appearance of being close to 
death, writhing, often deliver- 

ing verbal abuse (in my case, 
physical: I got a well-delivered 
blow to foe chest. My wife 
likes to choose her own time 
to push). 

Through it all. men are 
expected to give every sign of 
coolness and collection. As 
Chandler says: “Initially I just 
wanted to get rid of the 
horrible thing that was causing 
my wife pain. The child didn’t 
come into my thoughts at all 
till the very end when she was 
actually born. The moment of 
birth was very emotional. No, 
I didn't actually cry . but I went 
soft . . . yeah, a bit soft." 

But now there are 
murmurings from foe ranks. A 
few brave souls have started 
asking themselves “Do 1 really 
have to be there?”, and even 
making unilateral decisions 
not to attend. And these 
subversive fathers have a new 
champion in Michel OdenL 
foe French obstetrician who 
pioneered underwater birth 

In his new book Primal 
Health (Century, £9.95). 
Odent argues that women 
have traditionally given birth 
aided only by other women 
and asks whether it is always a 
good idea to have fathers in 
foe delivery room. His view is 

that men can become unduly 
anxious and possessive, are 
often more of a hindrance 
than a help, and risk reducing 
the role of foe midwife to that 
of a mere technician. 

MARTIN, an executive, never 
wanted to be in on the birth of 
his child. “It's too biological.” 
he states with force. “It’s like 
volunteering to be a witness at 
a train smash. 1 went to the 
National Childbirth Trust 
classes and it was implied that 
1 would be failing if I didn't go 
to the birth. 

“1 heard them going on 
about foe bond forming be- 
tween parent and child. 1 
didn’t believe it then and I 
don't believe it now. It was all 
very visceral. The midwife 
spent most of her time looking 
at the placenta, thought it was 
wonderful. She didn't give a 
damn for the baby.” 

It must be hard for a man. 
stuck with foe values of the 
last generation, finding what 
he thought were his strengths 
considered as weaknesses. 
Only brave men say no to the 
delivery room these days. 

Paul Heiney 

©Tubbs NmnpapcnUd, 19W 

V- * 








TELEPHONE: 01-409 1951. BIRMINGHAM: 021-632 5931- 
MANCHESTER: 061-832 8677/8. GLASGOW: 041-248 6381. 












1 i'll- ■ ilv±co lVlV>lVJL/rl 1 JULi -i k 7Qir 

Who speaks this treason? 

Clement Freud 


All going 
to pot 

The Institute of Directors' nor- 
mally soporific annual conference 
will be enlivened tomorrow by a 
member daring to propose a 
motion from the floor — the first 
since 1976. In the motion, Stanley 
Boneyman. director of a property’ 
company, attacks the Institute's 
lop brass for flogging its members 
knick-knacks made abroad. Hon- 
ey man. who confesses that he 
normally throws the loD Reader’s 
Digest - style offers in the bin, was 
incensed when he received a 
special olTer to buy Japanese 
vases. "Should we not be using our 
power to assist and not undermine 
our own industry?” he will ask. 
What are we to think if the 
nation's directors refuse to sup- 
port his demand that goodies 
offered in the future should in- 
volve at least 75 per cent British 
labour in their manufacture? 

Southern cross 

The RAF will find itself cast in the 
unusual role of package tour 
operator next year when a new 
attempt to turn the Falklands into 
a 'tourist attraction lifts off. A 
Leicester-based holiday firm has 
advertised a two-week excursion 
to the islands and claims to have 
had a good response, despite the 
£2.450 asking price. The package 
includes full board, a tour of the 
islands and return flight by RAF 
jet. Peter Beane, the firm's sales 
manager, tells me he hopes to 
book at least four parties of eight. 
Be did not think the RAF would 
make much profit out of its fee, 
which he did not disclose. The 
MoD tells me it is happy to help 
oiiL when there are spare seats. 
Instead of the spartan inflight 
conditions one might expect, it 
says they are “rather better than 
on most commercial airlines.” 

Sands of time 

Colonel Gadaffi's vendetta against 
t/ie West has taken a new twist. He 
has changed the names of the 
Western calendar months, so that 
January becomes "Eye of the 
Fine"; April. “Birds”: July, 
"Nasser”: October. "Dates” (be- 
cause that's when they are har- 
vested) and November, “Plough- 
ing” The original names sound 
much the same in .Arabic as they 
do in English, and were presum- 
ably too much for the Colonel's 
post-bombing sensibilities. 

Track and veld 

Spmelhing can still be salvaged 
from the Commonwealth Games 
fiasco. Now . that nearly all the 

potential boycotters have in fact 
bbycotted. a reader suggests that 

boycotted, a reader suggests that 
the event be renamed the Old 
Empire Games and South Africa 
he invited back. That should 
ensure a much bigger attendance, 
if. only by people more intent on 
waving banners and throwing 
toilet rolls than watching the 
athletics. Come to think of it, 
America too would qualify, 
thereby raising standards to a level 
never previously achieved. 


** 7 P . 

•Passengers to the aircraft's left 
can just see the residents 
of Hounslow shaking their fists* 

Much I do 

Liverpool's Riverside Labour 
Club is holding its own Wedding' 
of the Year on Wednesday — a 
Militant mock-up of the real thing, 
with Pnnce Andrew’s role being 
taken by the dashing MP for 
Broad Green. Terry Fields, in full 
haval uniform. Mystery', however, 
surrounds the small matter of who 
j& to play the Fergie figure, and 
stand slightly to the Ien of the 
“groom”. I hope someone comes 
up with a “bride” forthwith, for 
the “4 rrh bishop of Canterbury" is 
already cast — Tony Aitman, re- 
cently ejected from the Labour 
Party for his activities as a full- 
time' Militant organizer. Whatever 
one makes of Reids’ assumption 
of this Android role, re member it 
was he who predicted in J une 1 983 
that "the whole of the working 
class will arise off its knees." His 
Hiomcnt has surely come. 

Crown these 

Aaron Spelling, the unfairly 
wealthy producer of Dynasty. 
confided to me a couple of years 
ago his unbounded admiration for 
the Royal Family. So much so that 
he had even started toying with 
the idea of how. subject to 
availabiltv. he would have cast the 
main characters in a fictional 
senes. As 1 recall, it went some- 
thing like this: the Queen. Lee 
Remick: Princess Margaret Eliza- 
twlh Taylor Prince Charles. War- 
ren Beatiy: Princess Alexandra. 
Faye Dunaway”. Prince Michael of 
Rent Alan Bates: Princess Mi- 
chael. Julie Andrews: Prince An- 
drew. Sylvester Stallone (not sure 
about that one); Princess Anne, 
Clint Eastwood (unfair), and the 
Queen Mother. Ethel Merman. 
Any other ideas, in this of all 

weeks'* PHS 

There is only one question which 
really matters about the story in 
yesterday '5 Sunday Times that the 
Queen is “dismayed” not only by 
Mrs Thatcher's policy on South 
Africa but also by the Prime 
Minister's "uncaring" attitude to 
social policy. 

That question is not whether 
there is somebody at, or about, the 
Palace m some position in which 
he could claim to be able to know 
the Queen's thinking about the 
present government over a period 
and who has given The Sunday 
Times a purported account of iL A 
serious newspaper such as The 
Sunday Times does not publish 
such a' story unless it is convinced 
that the source is serious and 
credible, which means in these 
circumstances someone closely 
connected with the Palace. 

Nor is the heart of the matter 
what precisely the Queen thinks 
about sanctions, or what she may 
have thought or said about any 
particular matters of domestic 

policy when discussing them with 
ministers. She is entitled, indeed, 
is bound if she thinks the nation's 
interest requires it. to advise and 
warn her ministers on specific 
points. But she does so only in 
private, all her actions being on 
the advice of ministers responsible 
for policy who act in her name. 
The Queen's is a highly discreet 
and personal role. 

Since this is so the one question 

Come September the Cabinet 
‘•Star Chamber” committee will 
meet under Lord Whitelaw to 
reconcile the public spending 
plans for 1 987-88 and later years. 
They will need some reconciling. 
Although the Cabinet last week re- 
affirms) the public spending total 
of £144 billion next year — which 
is unchanged in real terms on 
1986-87 — the individual spend- 
ing bills already submitted by 
various ministries add up to 
approximately £7 billion more. 

This pressure for higher public 
spending is the response of the 
government — or. at least, of some 
ministers — to the agitation earlier 
this year about public services 
failing because of government 
“cuts”. Medical staff lamented the 
closure and decay of hospitals, and 
ihree-quarlers of respondents to 
an opinion poll signified that more 
must be spent on the NHS. 
Teachers alleged that the schools 
are being starved, and vice-chan- 
cellors bewailed the imminent, 
irreversible decline of universities. 

In fact, the government's spend- 
ing record is ambiguous. Between 
1 979 and 1 985. total public spend- 
ing in real terms increased every 
year, at an average rate of almost 2 
per cent Even leaving aside 
unemployment compensation and 
supplementary benefits, total real 
expenditure still rose by about I 

per cent a year. Government 
spending as a fraction of national 
income did not begin to fell until 
1981, and is still about as great as 
it was six years ago. 

On the other hand, the broad 
policy of reducing expenditure 
was successful in education and 
science, where real spending was 
brought down at an average 
annual rate of 0.5 per cent But 
there is a complication in that part 
of this decline can be interpreted 
as a rise. While expenditure on 
state schools declined, the number 
of pupils was declining faster, with 
the result that expenditure per 
pupil has increased since 1980 by 
about 2 per cent a year. 

In the hospitals the reverse has 
been happening. Total real spend- 
ing has grown, but as the number 
of patients has grown faster (to a 
total of 64 million in 1984), real 
expenditure per patient has fallen. 

The government has tried to 
defuse criticism by maintaining 
that it has spent more than any 
predecessor on health care and 
education. This defence is dan- 
gerous because it asks voters to 
believe that the government has 
consistently been saying one thing 
while doing the opposite. Of 
course, there is no necessary 
inconsistency here. More could be 1 
spent on some things while spend- 
ing less in total, but it would take a 
patient and subtle electorate to 
absorb that message. Moreover, to 
say that public spending has 
increased would not reassure the 
many voters who believe, often 
rightly, that the standards of 
public services have simulta- 
neously fallen. 

A more heroic line of defence 
would be for the government to 
argue that it is spending enough 
already, or more than enough. 
Who would believe that? Not the 
beneficiaries of the public ser- 
vices. such as patients, parents 

Ronald Butt draws an Inescapable conclusion 
from the ‘Queen y Thatcher’ report 

which matters is whether the 
.Queen herself authorized the ac- 
count which was given to The 
Sunday Times as representing a 
true and fair indication of her 
thinking. It is inconceivable that 
she did — and the exceptionally 
forthright way in which the Palace 
denied the story can be taken as 
confirming this. 

Unless we are to believe that the 
Queen has suddenly decided to act 
at variance with the manner in 
which she has reigned for 34 years, 
we must accept at face value the 
formal statement from the Palace 
yesterday that it was “simply 
unthinkable" that she would use a 
newspaper or ask officials to do so 
on her behalf to make her views 
known, and that she has “as high a 
regard for this prime minister as 
she has for all her prime 

The only inference to be drawn 
is that someone with sufficient 
credentials to daim acquaintance 
with the Queen's mind has cho- 
sen. acting personally, to give this 
account of iL 

Coming after the attempts by 
some Commonwealth sources to 
represent the Queen as at odds 
with the Prime Minister, this more 
general story’ is not a matter of 
negligible importance. Whatever 

party is in power, the monarch’s 
position as standing above politics 
can only be damaged by any 
suggestion that she is critical of the. 
existing government, or even 
sympathetic to opposition parties' 

The Queen sees her prime 
minister regularly, usually once a 
week. Nobody else is present and 
no prime minister has ever given 
the slightest hint of what has 
passed in such audiences. The 
Queen also sees all state papers 
and .gives audiences to other 
ministers. She has an accumula- 
tion of wisdom, knowledge and 
experience which comes from an 
unparalleled and unbroken experi- 
ence of public affairs looked at 
from outside party politics. With 
these advantages her constitu- 
tional right to advise and want 
ministers is invaluable, but even 
then she normally does so in a 
form which suggests questions 
rather than makes assertions. 

This, however, is not the only 
benefit from her political neutral- 
ity. At times when there is no dear 
majority in a newly elected House 
of Commons to determine the 
government the Queen's position 
is a great constitutional safeguard. 
It falls to her, as guardian of the 
constitution, to decide in any 

William Letwin shows how state 
services (and the taxpayer) would be helped 

by an injection of market forces 

Charge more 
and standards 

too will rise 

From Punch. April 1930 



Fijm a ndMcar. oe4 EAtai jf “Hi ef 

and pensioners. Not the indirect 
beneficiaries, such as some doc- 

tors, dons and administrators. Not 
those who believe that govern- 
ment can never adequately fulfil 
its duty to further the people's 

Take public medical service. No 
humane limit say its supporters, 
can be set on expenditure to find 
cures for cancer and heart disease. 
More and more needs to be spent 
on geriatric treatment as people 
live longer and die slower. Only 
when every person can gel all 
potentially helpful treatment, 
without queueing, will enough 
have been spent Similarly, 
according to “educationists", 
enough expenditure means more 
and better teachers, more years 
beyond secondary school, more 
buildings, libraries, laboratories, 
and still more for ever. Such 
demands are infinite and so can 
never be satisfied. 

Sometimes the government ar- 
gues that increased spending on. 
say. education will not of itself 

solve the real problem. According 
to HM Inspectorate, 30 percent of 
the lessons they attended recently 
were “unsatisfactory"; teachers in 
60 per cent of the schools did not 
adequately recognize the “poten- 
tial and needs" of pupils, and 
many teachers were unqualified in 
the subjects they taughL 
Simply to spend more on exist- 
ing teachers, by raising their pay, 
will not remedy the faults in their 
teaching. Nor will hiring more 
teachers of the same average 
quality improve matters, since the 
reported decline in quality has 
taken place while the ratio of 
teachers to pupils has been rising. 

What might well improve the 
quality of teaching, as Sir Keith 

quality of teaching, as Sir Keith 
Joseph and others have main- 
tained, is not to raise the uniform 
pay-scale for all teachers but 
radically to reform pay structure 
so as to reward superior teachers, 
and recruit more of them. Still 
more helpful would be to offer 
early retirement on generous 
terms to teachers identify as sub- 

given circumstances whom to ask 
to form a government and. if that 
person fails, whom next to turn to. 

The value of her role is not 
simply neutrality; it is that her 
impartial position is so valued 
that it places on the political 
leaden an obligation to conduct 
themselves in a manner that saves 
her embarrassment, not pushing 
their own interests to a point 
which might oblige her to act in a 
way which could then be seen as 
controversial. Her neutral stand- 
ing forces the politicians to behave 
well m such circumstances so as to 
preserve the constitution. 

The monarchy is bound up with 
1,000 years of our history. Its 
value is inestimable. It would 
make no sense for the Queen 
herself to put all this at risk by 
deploying her thinking in public 
when this part ofher role demands 
total confidentiality. Rom time to 
lime she has doubtless thought 
that on this or that matter a 
government might have acted 
more wisely. Butit is as incredible 
that she should have been nurtur- 
ing a long-term “dismay" about 
this particular government as that 
she should wish such an idea to be 
publicly believed. 

Only one inference can there- 
fore be drawn. The Queen has 
someone about her who serves her 
ill and abuses his position. If this 
is so, it is a matter which needs 
urgent attention. 




This will not go down as a vintage (which was their number) is more 
vear in education legislation. In than seven (which was ours), 
ihe past 1944 was indisputably Facing them 
great; there are some who support from the Pwptestey* tajby a 
f%6- 1980 has its fans for it Wykehamist supported by a Bach- 
enshrined choice and ..allowed AroMta e from Bm-. 


Wisdom still from China’s great survivor 

In a country where reservations 
about the current party line can 
lead to dismissal and humili- 
ation — and even death — Chen 
Yun has made criticism some- 
thing of a profession. Thirty years 
ago he openly criticized Mao Tse- 
tung. Since then, he has ques- 
tioned policy after policy. Now he 
is Deng Xiaoping's most potent 
critic. For post-revolutionary 
China, it is a unique record. 

Perhaps even older than the 82- 
year-old Deng. Chen is one of the 
five men on the politburo's su- 
preme standing committee, to- 
gether with Deng, the state 
president Li Xiannian. Premier 
Zhao Ziyang and the party general 
secretary. Hu Yaobang. Now. the 
third volume of Chen's speeches 
and writings has been published — 
a mark of considerable respect in 
China where the presses roll only 
with official sanction. 

In the unlikely event that 
China-watchers might miss the 
significance of what Chen has 
been saying, the volume was 
published to the accompaniment 
of a long commentary in the 
party's ideological journal. Red 
Flag. While indicating that many 
of Chen's past criticisms were 
valid, it tries to show that he and 
Deng are in agreement It also 

commends Chen for adhering to 
party discipline when he was out 
of favour from 1962 to 1977. 

The volume shows that in 1956, 
when Mao was preparing China 
for the disastrous Great Leap. 
Chen was one of the very few to 
advise caution. Last September he 
stunned a big party meeting which 
was expecting only good news 
about Deng's reforms by warning 
against food shortages, inequal- 
ities in wealth, and partv corrup- 

Since that speech, which party 
spokesmen quickly tried to ex- 
plain away as little more than fine- 
tuning of a programme which was 
running splendidly, there has been 
a significant tightening up 
throughout the economy. From 
the retrenchments and reversals in 
the new five-year plan it is plain 
that Chen's advice did not go 

The consistency of Chen Yun's 
criticism over the years has been 
remarkable. He lias constantly 
declared that while state and 
collective enterprises must play 
the primary role in a socialist 
country, there must also be scope 
fora free market Last September, 
he returned to this theme, but now 
the posl-Mao programme was his 
target. He reminded his comrades. 

who were becoming accustomed 
to Deng's praise for decentraliza- 
tion. "We are communists, who 
believe in planning". 

The food supply is vital. Chen 
has always insisted. In 1956 he 
said that the second five-year plan 
must ensure that everyone had 
enough to eat. In ■ 1 959. when the 
Great Leap and establishment of 
the communes had brought China 
to the brink of a famine which 
would take at least 20 million 
lives. Chen bravely declared that 
“state farms and communes do 
not have sufficient experience," 
and urged that peasants be al- 
lowed to grow more food. 

For this heresy. Red Flag notes. 
Chen was called “a rightist 
deviationist**. But it ignores 
Chen’s speech oflast September in 
which he cautioned that the 
Dengist encouragement of peas- 
ants to diversify into cash crops 
might lead to grain shortages and 
social disorder since then it has 
become party policy to encourage 
grain cultivation. 

Some observers wonder why 
Deng, who has removed virtually 
all those who disagree with him 
from leading positions, does not 
drive Chen from the standing 
committee. One answer is grati- 
tude. Apart from his enormous 
authority and his record for being 

righL it was Chen who. in 1977. 
urged a party conference to re- 
instate Deng, who had been 
purged twice during the Cultural 

Although Chen was silenced by 
Mao. he was not purged. Irritating 
he must have been, but he was not 
regarded as dangerous, probably 
because — unlike many others, 
including Deng — he seems to 
have avoided involvement in 
conspiracies against the leader- 
ship. Outspoken, honest and ven- 
erated as a thinker. Chen Yun 
acquired immense prestige, but 
never sought political power. 

This explains Red Flag's final 
encomium in its comment on 
Chen's collected works. During 
the 15 years when his ideas were 
ignored and criticized. “Chen Yun 
upheld truth, observed party disci- 
pline. strictly refused to be 
contaminated by evil influences, 
and devoted h imsdf to the 
exploration of the truth”. Here is a 
great Chinese tradition: the up- 
right official who withdraws while 
the struggle for power rages about 
him. who Joses favour but not his 
head. Such sages often survived to 
be invited back to the palace when 
a new emperor needed them. 

Jonathan Mirsky 

standard. Needless to say, this line 
of argument is not altogether 
popular among existing teachers. 
And even for the public at large, 
the idea that more spending will 
not solve problems is difficult to 
digest because their experience in 
private markets suggests .that 
goods of higher quality, be they 
cars or meals, can always be had 
by paying more. 

The government might, of 
course, explain just how much 
public spending is costing tax- 
payers. in the hope of persuading 
them that it costs far too much. 
Put bluntly, it costs over 40 per 
cent of the national income (gdpX 
Unfortunately this fact bites less 
than could be wished. Many 
voters sense correctly that their 
own tax burden is far less than 40 
per cent Some recognize that their 
burden is light compared with the 
benefits they receive from public 
spending. Practically all voters are 
unaware of how much they pay 
because many taxes are invisible, 
hidden within retail prices. Even 
those whose earnings fall below 
the income tax threshold pay 
taxes, though the most consum- 
mate fiscal expert would be hard 
put to calculate how much. Those 
voters who pay high income tax 
do know it, and might support a 
party that credibly promised tax 
reduction, but they are a small 

The only way to bring home to 
voters how much public service 
costs is to charge them when they 
use iL In the private sector, 
demand is not insatiable; 
“enough" is reached when desire 
bumps into the barrier of means. 

The question that ought now to 
be the centre of public debate is 
how to arrange that the cost of 
public services is increasingly 
borne by those who use them 
while ensuring that nobody goes 
without essential services because 
he cannot pay. 

The government must remind 
voters that public spending is not 
an end in itself but a means chiefly 
for maintaining a proper safety net 
and for providing some services 
(such as defence) that cannot be 
sold in markets for private 
consumption. It is not utopian to 
foresee that higher user charges, 
allowing for decreased depen- 
dence on tax revenue, could 
improve the quality of education, 
health care, and other services 
now largely provided by the state. 

Were the government to in- 
augurate so bold a departure, it 
could comfort itself with the 
reflection that a policy which 
starts out unpopular because of 
the means it employs may end 
being highly popular because of 
the benefits it yields. 

Further comfort could be had 
from recalling that election results 
do not follow fiscal statistics. Even 
in these wicked limes since 1945. 
governments that spent heavily 
have been defeated at the polls 
and governments that tried to 
restrain expenditure (of which 
there have been few) have been 
relumed to office. Many voters are 
shrewd enough to recognize that 
the4evel of public spending is not 
always the dominant political 
issue and that high spending is not 
a political virtue. 

parents to send their children to 
distant schools, provided there 
was room for them, and 1981 was 
a decent year, though not quite as 
decent as Mary Wamock had 
hoped when she published her 
report. Integrating without funds 
is a bit like figure-skating on 

After Honeyford, after the graf- 
fiti trouble at Poundswick, it was 
dear we needed new laws . . . and 
while we are at it. went the 
government’s argument, what a 
waste of opportunity not to use die 
occasion to enshrine in legislation 
a few titbits that will cheer the 
disenchanted Tory right wing: 
appraise the teachers, beat chil- 
dren. align sex education to “the 
family", just like nanny said. 
What is the point of having Part 
[V Miscellaneous if we don't make 
use of it? 

Like the crew of good people 
who hunted the snark. we MPs of 
Standing Committee B. who have 
just completed examination and 
amendment of the Education Bill 
sent to us by the House of Lords, 
were motley yet had among our 
number much talenL only some of 
which was allowed to come into 
the open. 

The home team was led by the 
Minister of State. Christopher 
Patten. MP for the marginal seat 
of Bath. He has a sharp mind 
behind a soft, droll, heavy-lidded, 
fiiO-Iipped face with the elasticity 
of movement and lack of prom- 
inent feature that will be the 
despair of cartoonists, and has 
long been the standby of success- 
ful comedians such as Sid Reid 
and Robb Wilton. Moreover, be 
bears a sufficient resemblance to 
Kenneth Clarke to suggest that the 
.Alliance's dream of the merger of 
Education and Training may yet 
be effected. 

You expect such a man to say 
“Eeh. I'll never forget t'day fire 
broke out in Clutterworth public 
convenience .-. Instead be says 
things like “the scope ... is made 
explicit by Amendment No 25 
which seeks to apply Section 2(10) 
of the 1980 Act to the governing 
bodies of maintained special 
schools. However as Section 2 of 
the 1980 Act is about to be 
repealed by virtue of Clause 55 (6) 
and Schedule 5 it would have been 
better to seek to repeal the words 
in question". 

Some way from the material 
that used to wow the pit stalls in 
the old Fmsbury Park Empire. 

Behind Patten sat bis loyal 
Trappist parliamentary . private 
secretary, deeply committed to 
silence, and all around lolled his 
political colleagues, dealing dili- 
gently with their constituency 
correspondence, listening with 
half an ear to the loss of arguments 
before ensuring victory in the 
ensuing vote. 

In simple mathematics, nine 

mingham University; whipped by 
an Etonian, their motto might, 
have been “threat with urbanity” 
(which would surely better in’ 
Latin). 1 

As 1 sit at my desk, 15 sittings- 
reports lie by my side, each 
published by Her Majesty s Sta-; 
tioaery Office for the modest sum; 
of £2.25. Volume I is a fair: 
indication: under the equivocaL 
heading “sittings motion", it was; 
suggested that we sit on Tuesdays, 
and Thursdays in the mornings- 
and afternoons — which in par-, 
liameniary language means “come, 
back at 4.30 pm and sit until tho. 
government whip moves the 
adjournment which he will not do 
unless he thinks progress has been-, 

Committee work is not for 
everyone. As the sessions marched, 
inexorably on, . from . our first- 
meeting in June, the opposition 
took on a predictable identity — 
broad brush sentiment by Radices 
neat delating points by Be nnett^ 
worthy repetitive bluster from 
Fisher; amazing new angles from 
Weetch of Ipswich, who spoke a’ 
different language from that of the 
Socialists around him; Fatchetf 
the best of the extern peraneous ■ 
debaters; and Flanneiy. diligently 
sitting there colouring extracts 
from the bill in red and yellow: 
Day-glo and speaking at only 30" 
pear cent full thrust Flannery is at 
his best during Prime . Minister's 
Question Time when he has a real*, 
live enemy in his sights. 

Perspicacious readers will note 
that I have written little about Ute 
government side. They were, 
there — the record has there names- 
down on the voting lists to prove-: 
iL Contribution^ however, were, 
confined to a bare half dozen! 
sorties by Key of Salisbury,' 
Bowden of Dulwich, the very able! 
Norris of Oxford East oh freedom, 
of information, a word from: 
Wood of Stevenage and a petulant 
squeak from Mrs Cunie. 

They were the claque, the paid 
hacks, getting in their hours of 
service so . that the whips will; 
remember the sterling silence they 
kept and bear them in mind for 
positions of responsibility. 

As a consequence the nation has 
a bill which will soon become an 
Act that will actually decree who. 
when local education 1 authorities 
and governing body are in dispute, 
shall have the edge . . . and they 
have .reams of legislation that 
should, in the best of all worlds, 
have, been left to good practice 
rather than .deficient Iaw_ . 

None; of -us .came out .total 
losers — even I -was offered a 
crumb; student governors in col- 
leges of further education. It is a 
crumb from which, at report stags, 
one might well build a whole loaf, 
if not a baker's shop. 

The author is Liberal MP for 
Cambridgeshire Nortk-easL 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Not the Geoffrey 

Many people seem baffled by the 
whole Commonwealth Games 
controversy, and many more seem 
totally uninterested in iL To 
combat this distressing state of 
affairs. I am offering today an 
exciting and easy-to-understand 
guide and glossary to the whole 

Conunoimealth: A collection of 
countries united by their love of 
sport and their determination to 
stamp out racial prejudice, except 
in countries belonging to the 
Commonwealth. It is roughly 
divided into the senior Common- 
wealth members (those good at 
cricket) and j unior (those excelling 
at long-distance running). As head 
of the Commonwealth, tiie Queen 
(qv) is entitled to have her head on 
all their stamps, and to have 
broadcasting time at Christmas. 
From time to time the leaders of 
all the Commonwealth countries 
get together to disagree about why 
they have met and to discuss 
secretly why Canada is no good at 
either cricket or long-distance 

Athletics: The sport which binds 
the Commonwealth together, per- 
haps because athletics is the only 
sport in which the contestants are 
all competing for themselves. It is 
divided into three main cate- 
gories: field, track and boycott. 
Boycott: The most important 
event in modern athletics, tra- 
ditionally excelled in by African 
countries. It consists of such 
subsidiary contests as the threat to 
withdraw, the plea not to with- 
draw. the continued threat to 
withdraw, the appeal to heads of 
government and the withdrawal 
itself. The winner is the first 
country to persuade South Africa 
to give up apartheid. 

Gleaneagles Agreement: A general 
understanding that if the sporting 
representatives of different na- 
tions are to get together, it might 
as well be. in a luxury hotel 
surrounded by golf courses. 

Steve: The name commonly fa- 
voured by modem British ath- 
letes. having completely replaced 
the old favourite. David (Bedford, 
Moorcock. Hemery. Jenkins etc). 
Sebastian is probably a misprint of 

New Zealand: A far-away country 
which usually inaugurates the 
boycott l festivities by sending a 
rugby team to South Africa. 

Unaccountably, it has failed to do 
so this time, so entrants for the 
boycott event have had to make 
do with a protest against 
Mrs Thatcher's reluctance to im- 
pose sanctions against South Af- 
rica. Most observers feel this lacks 
the colour and flamboyance of the 
traditional New Zealand cere- 
mony. ; 

Sooth Africa: Another far-away 
country which withdrew com- 
pletely from the Commonwealth 
Games 25 years ago - and has 
totally dominated it ever since. ' 
Edinburgh; a far-away city which 
is the usual home of the Common- 
wealth Games. It is divided into 
two main categories: the Official 
Games, catering for main steam 
events, and the Fringe, which” 
offers such exciting street theatre 
events as The Expulsion of Zola 
Budd, Steve Ovett’s Twinge. The 
Mysterious Disappearance of the 
Malaysian Badminton Team, The 
Loneliness of the Long-Distance 
Kenyan, etc. 

Canada: A far-away country which 
isn t much good at rugby either. 
Jean- Pierre Ramphal: A French 
flute player who bandies most of 
the Commonwealth's day-to-day 

Motto: The Commonwealth 
Games motto is: “The object is to 
win by not taking pan” 

Ice Hockey: The one game that 
Canada is really good at Unfortu- 
nately. it is not featured in the 
Commonwealth. Games. On the 
other hand. Canada has a 100 per 
cent record in having consistently 
refused to send an ice hockey t«ww 
to South Africa. • 

Owen: The titular head of the 
Commonwealth, and if more tban 
naif the countries withdraw, she 
has a constitutional duty to boy- 
cott the Games as well, thus giving 
her a well-deserved day off. . 
Afrha: A far-away continent 

which has been so successful in the 

boycott events that nobody in 
Britain can remember having seen 

an African team compete here. - 
Zola: An impassioned French 
novelist who has threatened - 1 $ 
boycott the Games unless Jewish 
members are reinstated in the 
French team. 

Afl Blacks: The name of the NeW 
Zealand rugby team, and the one 
wruch has never been the subject 
of a boycott protesL ’ ’ • ~ 



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c Geoffie 


By ratifying the Anglo- 
American extradition treaty so 
overwhelmingly Iasi week the 
United States Senate has done 
W** J° disperse a cloud 
wtiicn has hung over relations 
between the two countries, 
lne measure is incomplete 
and overdue: But the treaty 
nonetheless half-closes a loop- 
nole through which the IRA 
has driven a number of un- 
pleasant hoodlums in recent 
years, and for that we must be 

The possession of firearms 
and conspiracy are two crimes 
which remain uncovered by 
this latest supplement to our 
transatlantic extradition 
arrangements. These remain- 
ing gaps might have saved 
several of those convicted in 
the recent Brighton bomb trial 
from being sent back to this 
country, had they managed to 
escape across the water. They 
also leave American courts 
with the right to refuse extra- 
dition if they are unhappy 
about • the fairness of the 
judicial procedures they might 
meet with here. 

■ This caveat has clearly been 
retained with one eye on the 
Diplock no-jury courts in Ul- 
ster. It is worth pointing out to 
concerned Americans that S3 
per cent of those brought 
before these courts in 1984 
were actually acquitted (the 
acquittal rate for those cases 
which were brought before a 
jury was only 49 per cent) and 
that those who are convicted 
have automatic right of ap- 
peal. This may not prove very 
much. But it does at least 
suggest that, imperfect thought 
they might sound, these courts 

are not rubber-stamping ma- 
chines for the Royal Ulster 
Constabulary, which is how 
some Americans clearly see 

Despite remaining anoma- 
lies however, the amended 
treaty is a significant step 
forward because it removes 
the right of IRA murderers to 
claim exemption on the 
grounds that their crimes were 
political. That it does not go as 
far as this Government would 
like can hardly be a matter for 
complaint, if only because 
Britain too has been histori- 
cally very cautious on the 
subject It was after all the 
reluctance of Britain to return 
Spanish fugitives to Madrid 
which caused the breakdown 
of the old extradition arrange- 
ments between the two coun- 
tries — and made the task of 
negotiating new ones rather 

The caution which this 
country has long felt is well 
meant and soundly based. 
There are some countries 
whose respect for human 
rights and the law does not 
equate with our own and 
whose safeguards against 
wrong convictions and im- 
moderate sentencing are 
clearly inadequate. But the 
principle can be carried too far 
and does not always work in 
the best interests of justice. 

The Government is prepar- 
ing to take a fresh look at 
tbisarea in the Criminal Jus- 
tice Bill which will be pre- 
sented to Parliament in the 
next session. The requirement 
for lawyers seeking extradition 
to prove a prima facie case 
before a court in this country 

will almost certainly be modi- 
fied - making it easier to en- 
ter into quid pro quo 
arrangements with another 
country. The possibility of ad 
hoc extradition to countries 
with which no actual treaty is 
in force is likely to be in- 
troduced, along with re-extra- 
dition 10 more than one 
country and a less restricting 
definition of the crimes for 
which extradition can be 

It is a difficult area. The 
Government would be rightly 
attacked in Parliament and 
elsewhere if it tried to in- 
troduce legislation which re- 
sulted in the easy dispatch of, 
say, genuine political dis- 
sidents to authoritarian and 
unscrupulous regimes. So in- 
deed it might if it allowed 
fugitives to return to face the 
death penalty for crimes which 
in Britain would merit much 
less severe retribution. This 
country should not be in the 
business of oiling the in- 
struments of repression or 
turning a blind eye to brutality. 

But there have been limes in 
the past when the cause of 
justice has been ill-served by 
our failure to negotiate a 
proper extradition treaty with 
some otherwise friendly na- 
tion overseas. The obvious 
need for the Americans to 
amend their own procedures 
over the IRA has brought this 
home to many more clearly 
than a volume of legal argu- 
ments might have done. We 
welcome the new mood in 
Congress. But we must learn 
our own lessons from it and 
recognise the need to re- 
examine our priorities in the 
fight against crime and terror- 


The first prisoners to benefit 
from the amnesty declared at 
Poland’s Communist Party 
Congress last month will be 
released tomorrow. Polish 
National .Day. The conjunc- 
tion of Party beneficence with 
national celebration is entirely 
deliberate and calculated to 
associate the two in the minds 
of nationally proud Poles (the 
majority). But such tactics are 
unlikely to work. 

On the face of it, the 
amnesty appears relatively 
generous. An estimated 20,000 
people may eventually be set 
free. And while the majority 
will be petty criminals and 
juveniles, the release of some 
political prisoners — or as the 
Polish authorities prefer to call 
them, non-criminal de- 
tainees -is not specifically 
ruled out 

The small print of the 
amnesty will, however, give 
many of Poland’s political 
prisoners pause for thought It 
stipulates that all those re- 
leased must pledge not to 
repeat the offence for which 
they were sentenced. They are 
being required, in effect to 
enter into a pact with the 
authorities; to cease their 
opposition to the Polish re- 
gime in return for their free- 

The notion of a pact be- 
tween the Polish authorities 
and the people was a recurrent 
theme of the Party Congress at 

which this week's amnesty was 
announced. It was the first 
Congress since Poland’s oppo- 
sition had discovered its 
strength in the independent 
trade union. Solidarity. And it 
was the first since the Com- 
munist Party had effectively 
admitted defeat by resorting to 
the declaration of martial law. 
As such, it was an event 
charged with symbolism. 

The Congress ran along 
thoroughly orthodox lines and 
formalized the return of one- 
party rule in Poland. In less 
than four years, using all the 
weapons in its armoury of 
repression, the depleted and 
discredited Communist Party 
had re-formed and re-estab- 
lished itself. At the Congress it 
surrounded itself once more 
with all the accoutrements of 
ruling communist parties, 
including a Programme -or 
manifesto of its intentions. 

The presence at the Con- 
gress of the Soviet leader, Mr 
Gorbachov, served to 
emphasise the return of the 
Eastern bloc's black sheep to 
the fold. Moreoever his 
extravagant praise for the Pol- 
ish leader. General JaruzeJski, 
made it clear that anyone who 
thought martial law and the 
Jaruzelski manner incompat- 
ible with a Gorbachov-style 
Eastern Europe was gravely 

So it was from a position of 
strength that the Polish Party 

leader held out the prospect of 
national reconciliation. He 
stressed Poland's sense of tra- 
dition. its nationhood. He 
alluded to social divisions of 
the past, to errors in the ways 
of the Communisl Party and to 
what could and could not be 
tolerated in church-state rela- 
tions in Poland. His message 
was that, given time, a Party- 
nation concordat would 
evolve which would render 
Solidarity or anything like it 

Thirty years after 1956, it is 
possible to see a model for 
Poland's future in Hungary, 
where Janos Kadar has 
effected a painful reconcili- 
ation of the sort General 
Jaruzelski appears to envisage. 
Bui Poland, as it is said, will be 
Poland, and the Kadar solu- 
tion cannot apply. 

Poles have loyalties which 
bind them as a nation beyond 
anything the Communist 
Party can provide. They have 
the Catholic Church, which is 
a potent force even with the 
less than charismatic leader- 
ship it has at present They 
have their national heritage, 
which includes an unblem- 
ished record in fighting Na- 
zism. And, for all the 
Communist Party’s attempts 
to seal it in the past they have 
the recent memory of Solidar- 
ity — which is why this week’s 
amnesty will not have the 
effect General Jaruzelski de- 

S African crisis 

Trom Mr John Stokes, hfP for 

Halesowen and Stourbridge 

Sir As an antidote to or 
MennelPs letter My J M ■*"* 
Hiller’s war and South Africa. I 

was one of thousands going to the 

Middle East in 1942 in a iajge 
.convoy of troopships. We tan 
for a few days at Cape Town ana 
as as infantry company com- 
mander I was the last off the 

■ Imagine my surpnse when 1 raw 

™ n e else on the quay. The 
following day I was first offandin 
no time was picked up by a femdy, 
taken to their house and, 
for steeping on board, mademy 
&SKW the nextfbur^ 
. Among the household ^ a 
young British officer bjmdedat 
the battle of. AhwjJ 1 "- 1 f s 
that everyone else in the convoy 
tod been picked upand^en^to 
someone’s house. My /S 
voi of British siock. but Cage 
Dutch. I shall never forget their 


Yours faithfully. 


House o f Commons. 5*vi. 

The Navy in Spain 

Front Canon R. Collins 

Sir In the many articles concern* 

fng the Spanish civil war which 

have appeared in various quarters 
lately. I have not noticed any 

to the humanitaw 

work of the Royal Navy. Our 
destroyers rescued many refugees 
ofcMer side from points onthe 
coast. Often at cottsid- 

erable risk. 

HMS Hunter was torpedoed (or 
mined) during this work of mercy; 
some of her engine-room staff 
were killed or wounded. Almost 
sinking, she was brought safely 
into Gibraltar, repaired, and fi- 
nally sunk at Narvik. 

The German pocket-battleship 
Deutschland took a more bellig- 
erent part off the Spanish coast, 
and received a bomb for her pains. 
Hitler was so alarmed at the 
possible loss of a ship so named 
that he had her re-named Lutzow. 
Our own ships did a great work, 
and saved many lives, both 
Nationalist and Republican. 
Yours faithfully, 


Weir Meadow. 


Tive rton, Devon. 

Puzzling plurals 

From Mr C. J. Saville Glanvill 
Sir. Does not Dr Sarkies (July 9) 
fall into error when he dismisses 
the plural of PS. which is the 
conventional abbreviation of 
postscript, but is in fact composed 
of the initial letters of post 
scriptum and post, bring a prepo- 
sition. is not declinabfe. Tire 

abbreviation PPS. to which Dr 
Sarkies refers, is. surely an 
abbreviation of post post script um 
_ | c .. a second postscript to a 

single scripL 

1 ignore, of course, ear 
liameniary Private Secretes 

who. if susceptible of mass 

abbreviation, must be 
To turn to another vanauonon 
the same theme: can anybody 
explain why the plural Loro* 
Justices, which until the last war 

was invariably and correctly 
abbreviated LLJJ, is now abbre- 
viated UJ, even in the Law 
Reports? Is the law no longer a 
literate profession? 

I remain, your faithful iy. 


Pearl Assurance House. 

4 Temple Row, 


July 9. 

Henge at risk 

From Mr M. J. H. Liversidge 
Sir. The proposal to build houses 
on Condicote Henge (reportMay 
26) seriously threatens a major 
archaeological site. Condicote 
Henge is the only henge monu- 
ment in Gloucestershire and is 
one of relatively few such sites in 
the whole country. 

Radiocarbon analysis indicates 
that it was probably constructed 
around 2000 BC and the location 
of other Bronze Age remains, such 
as barrows, in the area suggests 
that it may have been a focal 
ceremonial rite for the whole of 
the north Cotswolds. 

Development on the ‘ henge 
would irretrievably destroy the 
archaeological evidence it pre- 
serves. If consent is given by the 
Department of the Environment 
the procedure for protecting an- 
cient monuments by means of 
scheduling will be shown in 
practice to afford no protection at 

Yours faithfully, 

of Council Bristol A Gloucester- 
shire Archaeological Society). 

16 Shorland House. 

1 Beaufort Road, Bristol. Avon. 


The Queen and Commonwealth 

From Dr Geoffrey Marshall 
Sir. Enoch Powell's assertion (fea- 
ture. July 17) that it is a gross 
breach of a Privy Councillor's 
oath to attribute to the Sovereign 
personal opinions at variance with 
the advice of her Prime Minister 
seems to imply that there is 
something improper about such 
disagreement. However, if the 
Sovereign has the right to be 
consulted, to encourage and to 
warn, it cannot be the case that her 
opinions must always coincide 
with those of her advisors. 

In Bagehot's words, a constitu- 
tional monarch may properly — 
though confidentially — say; 

The responsibility of these measures 
is upon you. Whatever you think 
best shall have my full and effectual 
support. But you will observe that 
for this reason and that reason what 
you proposed to do is bad: for this 
reason and that reason what you do 
not propose is better. 

Even if the head of the 
Commonwealth receives no ad- 
vice, the Queen of the United 
Kingdom is entitled to hold views 
about the Commonwealth of 
which she happens to be head and 
of which the United Kingdom is, 
amongst other things, a member. 
Youis faithfully. 

The Queen's College. Oxford. 

July 17. 

From Mr Ranald Maclean, QC 
Sir. George Hill writes (July 16) 
that for some members of the 
Commonwealth Queen Elizabeth 
is Queen, with a queenship quite 
autonomous and not legally deriv- 
ative from her role as Queen of 

There cannot be much hope for 
the future of the Commonwealth 
if that is what they think. What 
about the component countries, 
including England, that are the 
United Kingdom, one of which is 
attempting to host the Common- 
wealth Games? Perhaps there 
would be less threat to the Games 
if members of the Commonwealth 
could be induced to believe that 
Mrs Thatcher was Prime Minister 
of England only. 

Yours fairhftilly. 


12 Chalmers Crescent, Edinburgh. 
July 16. 

From Mr C. Starling 

Sir, Any suggestion that the Prime 

Minister may bow to Common- 

wealth pressure and agree to 
sanctions (by whatever name) 
against South Africa must because 
for serious concern. That such 
pressure may be perceived to 
succeed by reason of the tacit 
support of her Majesty the Queen 
is preposterous. 

Dr Kenneth Kaunda has. in 
your columns (letters. July 3) 
denied that he has pleaded for the 
support of her Majesty in his call 
for sanctions or that he would do 
so. It is to be hoped that he will 
honour this ptedgeand that he will 
lead bis fellow heads of state in the 
Commonwealth to do likewise, for 
any other course would create an 
embarrassment to her Majesty 
and be inherently dishonourable. 

The Prime leader of 
the United Kingdom Govern- 
ment. is alone in a position to 
judge the interests of the country. 
The loyalties of the most vocally 
pressing Commonwealth heads of 
stale lie exclusively with their own 
countries (no fault in that) and 
with the ANC; whether their 
demands are concerned with or in 
the interests of the whole black 
population of South Africa is 

That these countries have no 
concern whatever for the interests 
of the United Kingdom, however, 
is very clear indeed. They merely 
look to the United Kingdom to do, 
at her own cost, what they could 
themselves never hope to achieve. 
Yours faithfully. 


18 Chinthum Park, 

Shalford, Guildford, Surrey. 

From Lt-Cmdr E. V. Inglesby 
Sir. HM the Queen is surely under 
oath to serve her country “by the 
grace of God”. Only secondarily is 
she head of many other Christian 
and non-Christian countries. 

The security of Britain over the 
centuries has depended upon the 
Sovereign’s obedience to this oath, 
and to his subjects' obedience to 
their Sovereign. The opposite is 
treason. If the Sovereign should 
now support the Commonwealth 
against the advice of the British 
Government an intolerable strain 
upon one's loyalty could resuh. 
Yours faithfully, 


55 Wells Road, 

Glastonbury, Somerset. 

Kenyan withdrawal 

From Mr John S. Henley 
Sir, In case any of your readers are 
in any doubts as to who caused 
Kenya lo withdraw from the 1986 
Commonwealth Games. I can 
recount at first hand the mood of 
the Kenya Government up untti 
the morning of July 9. 

On Saturday. July 5, 1 watched 
the East and central Africa athlet- 
ics match at the Kenya National 
Stadium. The President, in his 
closing speech to the competitors, 
wished them all well in the 
forthcoming Commonwealth 

On Sunday, I was invited to 
have lunch with the President in 
Stale House, Nakuru, along with 
Ministers and senior officials in- 
volved in the Kenya educational 
system. Neither over lunch nor in 
his speech in the afternoon to 
winners in the national music 
competition was there any men- 
tion of Kenya’s impending with- 
drawal from the Commonwealth 

On Tuesday, I flew back to 
Britain in the company of the 

Minister of Culture and Social 
Services and his permanent sec- 
retary. We talked of many things 
but in relation to the Games all we 
talked about was how big the 
Kenya contingent was going to be. 

Opening my first British news- 
paper on Wednesday I could not 
believe my eyes. In Kenya, eco- 
nomic sanctions against South 
Africa is a moral issue: It cannot 
be ducked, least of all by a deeply 
religious head of state who is 
constantly reminding his people of 
the national philosophy of love, 
peace and unity. 

When will Mrs Thatcher realise 
that international diplomacy re- 
quires her to see the world as 
others see it? As a democratically 
elected politician of 30 years 
standing. President Moi knows 
there are some issues that cannot 
be avoided in public. Yet again, 
athletics is the only weapon 
available to an African country 
trying to take a moral stand. 
Yours faithfully. 


SO Polwanh Terrace, 


July 13. 

MPs’ secretaries 

From Mr John B. Harris 
Sir, MPs have done well to vote 
themselves more secretarial sup- 
port (report. July 1 7). Anyone who 
has dealings by telephone with 
senior executives in commercial, 
industrial or academic organiza- 
tions will have encountered more 
and more often in recent years the 
response not only that he or she is 
in a meeting, but that “f am not 
really his secretary". 

The truth is that he hasn't got 
one. So it is not possible to get an 
up-to-date check on the progress 
or developments in matters of 
mutual interest - whether a letter 
has been received or sent, a view 
expressed, a meeting been planned 
and so forth. 

There is a saving of a secretary’s 
salary, but I contend that this is far 
outweighed by the hidden cost of 
delay and frustration imposed on 
clients, customers and consultants 
- those who produce the goods. 
Yours faithfully. 


31 Princedale Road. W1 1. 

July 17. 

Royal wedding 

From Mrs Elizabeth McGrorv 
Sir, The decision to allow* tele- 
vision cameras to film the faces of 
Prince Andrew and Sarah Fer- 
guson as they exchange their 
marriage vows (report, July 17) is 
to be regretted. 

We hear much about the need to 
maintain the dignity of the royal 
family yet the most solemn and 
important moment of this 
couple's lives is to be shared with 
millions of gawping viewers as if 
they were soap-opera stars. 

The wedding service places the 
bride and groom with their backs 
to the congregation for good 
reason: the ritual though public, 
stresses both the sacredness and 
mystery of the moment and also 
its intimacy’. 

Prince Andrew and Sarah Fer- 
guson are to be denied a tra- 
ditional privacy — for which most 
ordinary couples are heartily 
thankful — in order to complete a 
TV spectacular. One dreads to 
think where this public voyeurism 
will end. 

Yours sincerely, 


32 St George's Avenue, N7. 

Jury challenge 

From Mr Martin Wilson. QC, and 
Mr Nicholas Browne. QC 

Sir, The right of peremptory jury 
challenge has been maintained for 
centuries not for some ritual 
reason, but for a real purpose 
which both you, in your leader of 
July 10. and the Government 
appear to have overlooked. That 
fundamental purpose is to ensure, 
as far as is possible, that a person 
accused of a crime will fee! that be 
faces a fair trial by his jury. 

Occasionally some potential ju- 
rors do manifest an air of prej- 
udice towards a type of person to 
which the accused belongs, or feels 
he belongs. Other jurors, occa- 
sionally, appear — for reasons 
which would embarrass them to 
investigate publicly — to be 
unsuitable to try a particular type 
of case. 

These are things which are 
indefinable, and therefore not 
susceptible to challenge for cause, 
but they are nonetheless reaL We 
strongly deprecate the 

Government's proposed abolition 
of this ancient right. 

We are also concerned at the 
way in which the Government has 
announced its proposals. Earlier 
this year the White Paper on its 
plans for criminal justice legisla- 
tion was issued, setting out its 
proposals and seeking the views of 
interested professional bodies. 

Abolition of the right of 
peremptory challenges was set out 
in the While Paper as one of three 
alternatives, and not as the one 
which the Government favoured- 
li was. intentionally or not, made 
known that the Government fa- 
voured the reduction in the num- 
ber of challenges. 

Now. before all relevant 
representations have been re- 
ceived, it is reported that the 
Government has derided on abo- 
lition. Is that no! a peremptory 
challenge of public and pro- 
fessional opinion? 

Yours faithfully. 



6 King’s Bench Walk, 

Temple. EC4. 

Lessons in the 
value of design 

From the Chairman of the Design 
Council and others 
Sir. This country's industrial de- 
cline is widely attributed to a 
culture disseminated by our 
schools, not least in the indepen- 
dent sector. We believe that one of 
the most effective ways of counter- 
ing this decline is by expanding 
the influence of “design”, as a 
method of approach in many areas 
of the curriculum at all levels of 
education and also, wherever 
possible, as a subject in its own 

The work of schools is largely 
conditioned by the examinations 
which their pupils must pass in 
order 10 qualify for the next rung 
of the ladder. Most universities 
now recognise A-levet design as a 
useful indicator of a candidate's 
interests and abilities. But the 
public schools have been slow to 
pass on the message 10 the schools 
that feed them. There is no 
evidence in the Common En- 
trance papers that originality, 
inventiveness or practical skill 
will be of any value in subsequent 

Science papers are at last com- 
pulsory. but they afford no 
opportunity for creative thinking. 
History* and language papers de- 
mand no insights into the thrills 
and significance of technology, 
and mathematics remains a 
largely academic discipline. 

The value of including design in 
the curriculum stems from the 
creative thinking and synthesis 
which it engenders in contrast to 
the analytical bias in so many 
subjects. So an exposure 10 it will 
ensure that all who pass through 
the educational system will have a 
chance of becoming inspired by 
the exciting opportunities in crafts 
and technology, which in turn will 
attract many more able students to 
consider seriously an industrial 

A radical reform of the Com- 
mon Entrance examination is 
necessary and possible. Without 
it the fundamentally vital skills of 
designing and making will con- 
tinue to be downgraded and too 
often be past repair by the age of 
12 or earlier. 

Yours faithfully. 

The Design Council. 


Vice- Chancellor. 

University of Warwick. 
CALDECOTE. President. 

Fellowship of Engineering. 
Director, Industry Year. 

CHRIS ELLIS. Head of Design 
Department. Eton College. 1971-84* 
R. K. INGRAM. Headmaster. 
Dragon School. Oxford. 

DAVID NICKSON. President, 


of British Industry. _ 

The Design Council, 

28 Hayraarket, SW1. 

Undue intimacy 

From Dr N. G. B. Hersey 
Sir. In recent years, in hospitals up 
and down the country, it has 
become customary for nurses, 
secretaries and porters to address 
patients by their first name. I am 
relieved that even the most junior 
doctors still reserve this informal 
approach for young people, the 
mentally handicapped and some 
very seriously ill patients requir- 
ing intensive care. 

Some of my senior nursing 
colleagues join me in deploring 
this departure from traditional 
courtesy. Clearly it is well meant, 
but in practice many patients 
regard it as presumptuous, un- 
caring and as unwelcome as a 
request to undress fully in front of 
a group of medical students. In 
both cases it is difficult to object 
for fear of causing offence. 

If the Royal College of Nursing 
(probably the only body capable or 
restoring normal civilities) consid- 
ers informality to be in the best 
interests of patients, why does it so 
seldom apply in the case of senior 
nursing officers admitted to their 
own hospitals as patients? 

Yours faithfully. 

(Consultant Anaesthetist), 

2 Great Archway. 


Plymouth. Devon. 

July 17. 

Dutch connection 

From the Chairman of the Wil- 
liam and Mary Tercentenary 

Sir. I would like to add to Lord 
Whitelaw's wise words in the 
House of Lords this week (report 
July 1 5) and to further allay the 
fears expressed by some members 
regarding the 1988 William and 
Mary Tercentenary Trust. 

The celebrations planned are 
specifically ecumenical and in- 
tended to honour and illumine 
three centuries of exchange and 
trade between the Netherlands 
and Britain. They will consist of 
cultural exchange and youth 
projects, scientific symposia, 
ecumenical meetings of church- 
men of all denominations, arts 
performances and sports events. 

The historical input will be a re- 
examination of what the reign of 
William and Mary (the latter one 
of our most loved queens) meant 
in terms of the Bill of Rights, the 
Toleration Act, and other vital 
ingredients of our State, such as 
the independence of the press. 
These all stemmed from their 
reign, and to ignore this anniver- 
sary would be to belittle our 

Yours sincerely. 


Chairman. William & Mary Ter- 
centenary Trust, 
c/o AGB Research, pic, 

Ludgatc House. 

107-111 Fleet Street. EC4. 


JULY 21 1925 

The royal appeal of 60 years ago 
finds an echo at this time. Plastic 
bags and cartons may have 
replaced banana skins and broken 
bottles as the chief offenders, and 
the problem may now have spread 
to streets and roadsides, but the 
issue is as topical now as it was , 




The appeal made by the King at 
the opening of Ken Wood for 
tidiness in the parks and open' 
spaces has been welcomed by all 
who are concerned with the care of 
such places, as an effective lead in 
the education of a minority of the 
public who are the chief offenders. 

General opinion on the subject 
regards publicity and propaganda 
as the most likely to achieve the 
desired end. Prosecutions taken 
under the bye-laws which have 
been obtained by some local au- 
thorities are looked upon as a 
cumbrous and not necessarily suc- 
cessful method of handling the 
problem, and, while it is stated by 
Dame Beatrix LyaU, chairman of 
the Parks Committee of the LCC, 
that the powers of the council in 
this respect will be more drastically 
applied in the future, more hope 
seems to be placed fry others in the 
method of education. 

This system was advocated yes- 
terday by Mr. Lawrence W. Chubb, 
secretary of the Scapa Society,*] 
which seeks to prevent the disfig- 
urement of the countryside. Mr: 
Chubb gave examples of appeals tal 
the public which, perhaps because]* 
of their ingenious wording, have 
proved effective. At the same time 
he admitted the serious results of 
the practice of leaving litter in 
public places and expressed the 
hope that every public authority 
would follow up the lead given by 
the King. "It is lamentable" he 
said, "that every year privileges of 
access to beautiful parks or sights 
are being withdrawn from the 
whole community because of the 
infinitesimally small percentage of] 
the visitors who selfishly leave 
litter and wilfully abuse their 
privileges. The prevalence of the 
litter nuisance is largely due to 
thoughtlessness or ignorance. 

“Since the Scenery Preservation 
Committee was formed last year it 
has been amalgamated with the 
Scapa Society, and that society has 
suggested that the curative mea-‘ 
sures most likely to prove effective 
would be, first, to see that through 
the education authorities all chil; 
dren are taught the need for 
tidiness in public places, and 
further, that every use should be 
mada of publicity and propaganda 
and of such organizations as the 
Boy Scouts, and Girl Guides." He 
added that it was unfortunate that 
up to the present the provision of 
receptacles for litter was inade-j 
quate in the majority of our parks 
and open spaces. This was espe- 
cially the case in the country. . . 

Mr Chubb added that a further 
practical step was to arrange for] 
local watchers or Boy Scouts and 
Girl Guides to perambulate the 
popular resorts on Saturdays and 
Buik Holidays, reminding picnic) 
parties to gather up aD their refuse. 
It woul be useful if the purveyors of 
ice-cream and the manufacturers 
of cigarettes and tobacco could be 
persuaded to print on the cartons 
and containers a request not to 
throw them away in public 

Dame Beatrix LyaU . . . expressed 
the view that the evil is increasing, 
and remarked upon the expense 
which falls upon the County 
Council in dealing with litter. 
While admitting the general appre-J 
ciation of the parks evinced by the; 
bulk of the community, she de- 
clared that a minority show a 
“callous disregard for the welfare 
and happiness of their fellow-- 
citizens". She continued, “in spite 
of by-laws and waste baskets, they 
strew the lawns and beds with 
waste paper, broken bottles, or- 
anges and banana skins, peanut 
shells, and rubbish of all kinds, 
which not only spoil the look of the] 
gfir rbmK, but cause many accidents 
to children in or near paddling 
pools . . 

Concluding she said; “I hope 
those who see persons leaving 
paper or rubbish lying about wiE 
protest forthwith and report the 
matter instead of merely acquiesc : 
ing in an eviL I would also appeal to 
teachers and all who talk to 
children to speak to them on this 
disregard of the rights of 
others . - ." 

Cabinet podding 

From Miss H. R. Sykes 
Sir. In answer to Mr Robinson’s 
botanical query (July 15): the 
boysenberry is the large, red. 
edible fruit of a hybrid bramble of 
the loganberry, and various black- 
berries and raspberries, and was so 
named after Rudolph Boysen, the 
American botanist who developed 
it- « 

Yours faithfully. 



Bare Lane, 

Ockbrook. Derby. * ; 

Unkind cut 

From Dr P. Furniss 
Sir. What chance of survival has 
the diphthong when even you 
cannot spell “Caesarean” (leading 
article, July III? f note that yon 
also prefer medieval lo mediaeval! 

As an anaesthetist I must d£ 
dare a partisan interest in the 
matter, but I am sure Aesculapius 
would add his support to my plea. 

Sir. I beg you to protect the 
disappearing diphthong; it is an 
endangered English species! 

Yours faithfully, 


1 0 Mile End Road. Norwich. 

July 12. 


THE iim£S MONDAY JULY 21 1986 






Jujv 19: By command ol The 
.Queen. (he Baroness Hooper 
(Baroness in Wailing) called 

day upon the arrival of the 
Governor-General of Australia 
and Lady Stephen, and the 
Governor-General ofSt Vincent 
and ihe Grenadines and Lady 
Eustace, and welcomed Their 
Excellencies on behalf of Her 


upon the Governor-General of Ju]v |9; Queen Bizabelh The 
Si Christopher and Ncms and Mother Lord Warden of 

Ladv Amndeli this afternoon at 
jhe Ritz Hotel and. on behalf of 
Her Majesty, welcomed Their 
J:\cel lemces upon their arrival 
-in this country. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Baroness Hooper (Baroness 
in Wailing) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
evening upon the arrival of liie 
Governor-General of Fiji and 
Ladv Bale Ganilau and wel- 
comed Their Excellencies on 
.behalf of Her Majesty. 

July 20: The Duke of Edin- 
burgh. President of the World 
rEI. Four-in-Hand Driving 
Championships lor 1986. this 
evening attended a fund-raising 
"event at Quaflers Theatre Res- 
taurant in Bredbury. Greater 
Manchester, in aid of the 

Major the Hon Andrew 
Wigram was in attendance. 

- By command of The Queen, 
.the Viscount Long (Lord in 
: Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London to- 

Lhe Cinque Ports, this morning 
visited Deal Castle (Captain: 
Major-General Ian Harrison). 

Lady Angela Oswald. Sir Mar- 
tin Gilliat and Sir Alasiair Aird 
were in attendance. 

In the evening Her Majesty 
gave a Reception at Walmer 
Castle for the Confederation of 
the Cinque Ports. 

July 20: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother. Lord Warden of 
the Cinque Ports, this morning 
attended Matins in St Mary's 
Church. Dover Castle. 

Her Majesty subsequently 
honoured Brigadier Michael Lee 
(Deputy Constable) with her 
presence at luncheon in 
Constable’s Tower. 

In the afternoon Queen Eliza- 
beth The Queen Mother visited 
ihe Roman Painted House. 

Lady Angela Oswald. Sir Mar- 
tin Gill rat. Sir Alastair Aird and 
Captain Niall Hail were in 

Church news 

" Appointments 

The Right Rev Bill Flagg, 
-Assistant Bishop in the diocese 
of Liverpool, has been ap- 
pointed General Secretary of The 
South American Missionary- 

The R«*V J H Aloar. Vicar. Si Marlin. 
Tipion. diocese of Lichfield, lo be also 
Pnesl m-charge. SI Paul. Tipton, same 

The Rex J K Brockbank. Vicar. All 
Samlc. Hahwgham. Burnley, diocese 
of Blackburn, Io be Blackburn Di- 
ocesan Stewardship Adi Her 
The Res P E Bannister. Rector. 
Temple Ewell with Lvdden. diocese of 
Canterbury- to be Team Vicar. 
Bracknell Team Ministry diocese of 

The Rei H B L Briefly. Team Rector. 
Vv'renlngham Team Ministry, diocese 
of Norwich, to be Rector. Tetsworlh. 
Ad well with Soulh Weston. Lewknor 
and Stoke Talma oe with Whcauield. 
diocese of Oxford 

College, diocese of Lichfield. 

The Rer C H PonUn. Assistant Curate. 
Cnnsl Church. Downem). diocese of 
Brtslot. lo be Assistant Curate The 
Riverside Team Ministry, diocese of 

The Res K w Reeves, vicar. 
S waffham. diocese of Norwich, lo be 
Pnesi in-charge. St Alban. Lakenham. 
and Chaplain 10 Norwich ClLy College 
of Further and Higher Education, 
same diocese 

The Rev A K Rovie. Curate-m -charge. 
Si John. Eamshaw Bridge. In the 
parish of SI Andrew. Ley land, diocese 
of Blackburn, to be Vicar. Church of 
The Saviour. Blackburn, same di 

The Rev ’ f b Brown. Precentor of 
Choi ms lord Cat 

_ _ . alhedral. diocese of 

Chelmsford, to be Pnest in- charge. 
Kejvedon Halch with Naveslock. same 

The Rev A J Davis. Curate. BenchiU. 
diocese or Manchester, to be Ihe 
incumbent. Great Chart, diocese of 

The Rev C w Farmer. Team vicar Sf 
Mary's in the Langley Team Minwry- 
diocese of Oxford, to be Rector. 
VVevham. same diocese 
The Rev S F Foster, 
in the 

diocese of Chelmsford, to I 
charge. Sandon. same diocese 
The Rev R Cairanj. Vicar. Christ 
Church. South Ashford, diocese of 
Canterbury, lo be also Rural Dean of 
East Charing, same diocese 
The Rev M Godfrey Team Vicar. 
Bitslon Team Ministry, diocese of 
Lichfield. Jo be Team Vicar. Wolver 


The Rev P Sklrrow. industrial Chap- 
lain. Leeds Industrial Misston^dlocese 
of Rlpon to be Industrial Chaplain 
with Liverpool Industrial Mission, lo 
serve in Sefton. diocese of Liverpool. 
The Rev R M Signs!. Team vicar in 
the Sid mouth Team Ministry, diocese 
of Exeter to be Team Rector, same 

The Rev P Sates. Vicar. Herne, 
diocese of Canterbury, to be also 
Rural Dean of Reculver, same diocese. 
The Rev P C Spencer. Team Vicar, st 
Francis Woo lb rook, in the Sid mourn 
Team Ministry , diocese Of Exeter, lo 
be Rector. Birrh with Layer Breton 
and Laver Mamey. diocese of Chel ms- 

The Rev E A Stacey, non -stipendiary 

minister, diocese of Canterbury, to be 
arae iNSMj. Hemhlti. 

m. same diocese 
■v S F Foster. Honorary Curate 
t Southend Team Ministry. 
■ of Chelmsford, to be Pnest-in- 

also Priest -in-charge 
same diocese 
The Rev C N Thomas. Team Vicar. Si 
Stephen. Ben (I lee. in Ihe Bucknall 
Team, diocese of Lichfield. to be 
Vicar. OqteV Hay with Brownhllls. 
same diocese. 

The Rev T D Watson. Curate. 
Wood ham. diocese of Guildford, to be 

Curate, with special responsibility for 
Soulh WiUesborough. diocese of 

The Rev T J Woods. Curate. 
Stonevdelph CD. diocese of Lichfield, 
to be also LKlrfieW Diocesan World 
Development Officer 

hampion Team 

Industrial Mission', same d 
The Rev D F Grant. Rector. 

Country Urban 

Giles with Woolav 

diocese of Chicheslcr 

Hasilngs St Clement and All Saints. 


_. eter. 

be Rector. 

same diocese 
The Rev W L Hailing. Vicar. St 
■ Marks. Barrow in Furness, diocese of 
Carlisle lo be Rector Kirkheaion. 

Resignations and retirements 

The Rev J D Andrews. Pnest-ln- 

chargr. Chebsey. diocese of Lichfield. 

retire on Jujy 

diocese of Wakefield. 

ling. Curate Pershore. 

■* The Rev R Harding. 

- diocese of Worcester, to 

Longdon Bush lev and Queen hill wnh 
Hwd fail same diocese 

Oxford. 10 be 

. The Rev A Hogg. 

. minister diocese of .. .. 

_ Pnesi in-charge (NSMj. St James. 
" West Hanncv, same diocese 

The Rev P O HuTZ^y. Team Vicar. 
King's Norton, diocese of Blr 
, mingham lo be Vicar St Peier's. 

Btshopsworth. diocese of Bristol. 

. , The Rev T J Inman. Vicar. Hangleton 
St Helen, diocese of Chichester to tx* 
Mcar Bosham Holy Trinity same 

Rev D I C Davies, vicar. St Paul. 
North Shore. Blackpool, diocese of 
Blackburn, to retire on September 5. 
Canon F Finney. Vicar. St Thomas. 
Ash ten in Makeiileld. diocese of 
Liverpool, to retire on October 50. 
The Rev A J Langton-Durham. 
Rector Fairstead with Ter ling, di- 
ocese of CJtelmMord. lo- re tiro on 
December 1 

The Rev C PennelL Vicar. SI Mary 
Waterloo, diocese of Liverpool, to 
refire on July 3l. 

retire on July 31. 

The Rev G Punshon. Rector. Great 
Bowden, diocese of Leicester, to resign 

/wr 1 * 1 - 

S e Rev H S Robi 
aplain of NorUieye 

. . J N Luscombe. formerly 
Mcar. Hainold. diocese of Harare. lo 
be vicar All Salms. Queensbury. 
of London 

T Oldroyd. Pnesl-ln-ctiarge. 


duchesler. lo resign on 

Ass (slant 
pt ember 

'■ Th CC Rev' 

Si Pciec Rendcomb. diocese “of 
• Gtoucester to be Chaplain of Wrekln 

The Rev P L Scott. 
St Michael and All . 

.. Rector. With yam 

Angels- diocese of 

Chichester, to retire on September l 
The Rev R Tully. Curate. Eastbourne 
Holy Trinity, diocese of Chi Chester, to 
retire on October 31 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

Royal Navy 

Hampion QHP. lo be Sure Rear 
Admiral lOocrauanal Med Services) In 
succnemn to Surg Rear Admiral J B 
Drink water QHS- Jan 13. 
CAPTAINS- M J Aralelon. FOSM. 
ScW 12 : J A Aston. NP 20 I 0 . Aug *,C 
G H Campbell. MOD (London). July 
31. R C Francte-Jones. FONAC- Oct 
2 d. P N Goodwin. MOD (London). 
Sept MOD (London). Sew 26: T 
Lei and Defence. Naval. Military &- Air 
Allache Santiago. Aent 5: J G R 
Musson. MOD > London i. Oct 31 
CINCNAVHOME. Feb 17 87. S B P 
Anderson CONOL'EROR. In and. Dec 
15: J F T BayltSS. CINCFLEET. Oct 
17: R J Blolt. MOO (London). Dec 5: 
M H Farr. N a Peking. Aug 18: P J K 
Fltewod. FO Plymouth. Feb 2d. 07- M 
C Fox. COCHRANE. July 29: R J 
Hale. IMS Brus sel Is . Sept 22 : R A D 
Hobbs. CINCFLEET. July 29: M G A 
Knapp. MOD (London). Jan 20 . 87 J 
BRL Langdon. CNJA. Sew 2 


CAPTAINS: A E Sturgeon. Sept 17 
COMMANDER D Dawson-Taylor 
Sept 9 

The Army 

BRICAOIERS- A K Dixon, to be Gomd 
Trg GP RCT. July 25: P I Palmer, to 
be Camfl Br Rear Combat Zone. July 
25: W R W Pike, to be DAdv BDLS IN 
□IA. July 30 

COLONELS: A D Plgofl. 10 HQ liBR) 
Corps. July 25: A Whilehom. lo 
MOD. July 20: A P WnghL lo MOD. 

u'S.TTN ANTCOL ON ELS : C Groves. 
R Anglian W HO lfBHI C 0 TTK. July 
21 . G L Kevans PCT. to shape. July 
21 : N J Newman RAEC. to HQ BAOR. 

BF Cvphrs. July 24. T B Thomas .. 
Anglian, to MOO. July 21 . W E Vv’alf 

Anglian, lo MOO. July 21 . w e wail 
REME. to HQ SCOTLAND. July 21 

Royal Air Force 


bav ie. lo' mod: ■ July 2 1 

_ .NDLRS. SRC Doll 
gnerty. to HQRAFSC. July 15; D 
Holcroff. lo HQRAFSC. July 21: J M 
Btvhop. to Beacons / 1 old OLS. July 23: 
C L Whittaker, to MODCVEu July 21 . 
B K Bumdge. to RAF SI Mawoan. 
July 25. A Buchan to HQ USAF 
Washington. July 21 

RAF Historical 
Society planned 

Wiih ihe Royal Air Force 
approaching its 70th anniver- 
sary*, 3 group of serving and 
retired members of ihe service 
arc planning to form the RAF 
Historical Society to study the 
evolution of RAF. 

Initially the new society in- 
tends to hold three lectures or 
seminars each year lo discuss 
the development of air force 
policy, rather than the technical 
history of aircraft and 

Details of membership arc 
available from Group Captain 
H. Neubroch. of 19 Ivioghoe 
Road, Bushev Heath, Watford 
WD2 3SW. 

Birthdays today 

Mr P. A Allaire, 48; Sir Nigel 
Broackes. 52; Miss Buchi 
Emecheta. 42; Mr Basil Gray, 
82; Sir Cyril Hawker. 86; Sir 
Kirby Laing. 70; Dr Jonathan 
Miller. 52; Major-General the 
Duke of Norfolk, 71; Mr Julian 
Petrifer. 51; Sir David Piper, 68; 
Lieutenant-General Sir Steuart 
Pringle. 58; Mr Karel Reisz, 60; 
Mr Isaac Stem, 66. 


1986 Impact Campaign 
The Prime Minister. Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher, MP, was the 
guest of honour at a dinner 
given by the 1986 Impact Cam- 
paign at the Savoy Hotel on 
Wednesday, July 16, 1986. Sir 
Basil Feldman presided. Lord 
Taylor of Hadfield and Mr 
Geoffrey Leigh also spoke. 


Roman helmet piece found 

By Norman Hammond, Archaeology Correspondent 

Part of a Roman army helmet found recently in 
York is a rare addition to the small number of 
such pieces surviving from the days of the 

It seems to have belonged to a cavalry 
soldier, an auxiliary rather than a legionary, 
and to date to the late first or early second cen- 
tury AD when York was a major military 
centre for northern Britain. 

The part is a cheek-piece, one of the flaps 
that hung down from the helmet proper, and is 
made of copper alloy. Two hinges and an iron 
pin fastened it to the lower left edge of the hel- 
met, and between the hinges is a projection 
which stopped the cheek-piece from flapping 

The object was found during excavations for 
a new operating theatre at a nursing home in 
the centre of York, within the legionary 
fortress of Eboracum and dose to the. 
headquarters budding, which lies partly 

beneath York Minster. Ic was in the foundation 
trench for a large timber building. 

The curving outline of the cheek-piece 
includes a corrugated flange designed to deflect 
an enemy's weapon, continuing the line of the 
missing Deck guard which would have been 
attached to the rear of the skullcap. The 
surface is decorated with embossed ridges with 
numerous small strokes giving, the overall 
effect of twisted cordwork. In the centre is a 
ring with its interior divided into six curved 
portions, like an artistically sliced pie. 

From a study of other known helmets and 
fragments, Mr David Hooley, of the York 
Archaeological Trust, has shown that the new 
piece is different to the legionary examples 
known from Colchester, which date to the time 
of Boodicca's revolt in the middle of the first 

Most of the comparative material comes 
from the Rhineland. 


Mr G J.E. Jenkins 
and Miss J. Bridge 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Peter’s, Firie, 
near Lewes. East Sussex, of Mr 
Graeme Jenkins, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs Kenneth Jenkins, 
and Miss Joanna Bridge, daugh- 
ter of Mr and the Hon Mrs 
Christopher Bridge. Canon J. 
Woodward officiated, assisted 
by the Dean of Guildford and 
the Archdeacon of Lewes and 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Oliver Bridge, Frilzi 
von Westenholz. Emma Ben- 
nett. Katie Elliot. Lucy Brid^. 
Louisa Fox. Olivia Hoare and 
Clare Ker. Mr John Hall was 
best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

Mr W.T. Hall 
and Miss CJ. Lewthwaite 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday on St Luke's. Chelsea 

Famham. Canon P- Giffin 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 

of Mr Toby Hall, second son of honeymoon is being spent in 
Mr atid Mrs SJ. Hall, of Burma. 

Sirai/ieJd Tuigu. Hampshire, 
and Miss Kate Lewthwaite, 
daughter of Sir William and 
Lady Lewthwaite. of 73 
Dovehouse Street. SW3. The 
Rev Derek Watson officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Christina and Di- 
ana de BeLlaigue and Victoria 
Van de Wid. Mr Jeremy 
Freml in-Key was best man. 

Mr H.W. Anson 
and Mbs S.E. Gardner 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Cuthben's. Chins 
Hill. London, of Mr Hugo 
Anson, son of Rear-Admiral Sir 
Peter and Lady Anson, of 
Famham. Surrey, and Miss 
Sharon Gardner, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs LJ. Gardner, of Palm- 
ers Green. London. The Rev 
Clive Calver officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 

Mr JX.F. Capaldi 
and Mbs HJLS. Hayes 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July 19. in the Chapel 
Royal, Hampion Court Palace, 
of Mr John Capaldi and Miss 
Harriet Hayes. Canon Michael 
Moore officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, Mr 
Walter Hayes, was attended by 
Jane Freebody, Naomi Carter, 
and Anna and Ruth Hodgson. 
Mr Philip Hutton was best man. 

A reception was held at 
BaUlecrease Hall. Shepperton. 
the home of the bride, and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

Mr N JLP. Gibb 
and Miss H. Coysh 
The marriage took place on July 
19. 1986. at St John’s Church. 
Stan more, of Mr Nicholas Gibb, 
elder son of Mr and Mrs Ian 
Gibb, of Hemel Hempstead, 
Hertfordshire, and Miss 
Heather Coysh. younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs William 
Coysh. of Stan more. Middlesex. 
Prebendary Michael Bowles 

The bride, who was given 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Mrs Susan Vega 
and Miss Jane Farago. Mr 
Jeremy Gibb was best man. 

Mr G.D. Kelsey 
and Miss F.C. Lodbello 
The marriage took place on July 
4. ai the Chelsea Register Office 
between Mr Gavin W. Kelsey 
and Miss Frances G Luribello 

Dr M-R-W. Evans 
and Dr NAA. Briggs 

Mr S J. Swain 
and Miss J-A- Charnley 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday in Cadet Chapel, West 
PoinL New York, between Mr 
Stephen James Swain, son of 
Colonel and Mrs Oren Swain, of 
El Paso. Texas, and Miss Jane 

Alison Charnley. of Newcastle 

marriage by her father, was The marriage took place on upon Tyne. The Rev Robert 
attended by Karla Williams, Saturday. July 12. at St Joan's Geehan officiated. 

Miss Jacqueline Gardner and Church. Famham, between Dr The bride, was attended by 
Miss Helen Guard. Mr Brian Michael Evans, son of Mr and Zeenat Rous. Mr Stephen Con- 

Mrs Roland Evans, of 
Alderbrook Road, Solihull, and 
Dr Nicola Briggs, eldest daugh- 
ter of Colonel and Mrs George 
Briggs, of Little Binton. 

Harris was best man. 

A reception was held at Chills 
Hill and the honeymoon will be 
spent in Singapore and 

way was best man: 

A reception was held at 
Boulderbeig Manor, New York, 
and the honeymoon will be 
spent in France. 



Today (2.30): Debale on Opposition 
motion on dime Gas Bill. Lords 

Tomorrow (2.30 1: Education BIIL 
remaining stages. 

Wednesday iS SOfr Social Security 
Sill, wages Blit, and Agncultirc BUI. 
Lords' amendments 
Thursday i 2 -JOf Motion for summer 
ad lo urn men l Consolidat'd Fund 

i Appropriation! Bill, all stages. 
Friday <930j: Sumn 

_ Summer adtoummefil 



Today (2 .30'): Social Security Bill. 
third reading. Financial Services BUI. 
commlUee. first day 
Tomorrow i2.30i. Housing 'Scotland! 
Bill. Commons amendments. Wages 
Bill and Agriculture Bill, (bird read- 

Wednesday 12-30V Financial Services 
Bill, committee, second day 
Thursday <3r Social Security Bill. 
Commons am end men is. Public Order 
Bill, committee, second day 
Friday *11 j; Finance BilL all stages. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr RJ. Wilson 
and Miss S.H. Moowes 
The engagement is announced 
between Rupert James, younger 
son of Sir James and the Hon 
Lady Wilson, of 9 Has ker Street. 
London. $W3. and Sylvia, He- 
lene, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Hans Mouwes, of 
Amstelveen. the Netherlands. 

Mr I JL Madeod 
and Miss T-KJ. O'Connor 
The engagement is announced 
between lan. eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Angus Madeod. of 
Inverness, and Tina, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs James 
O'Connor, of Dunkeid. 

Mr M.R. Gray 

; MJ.A. Scott 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 ■ Ru + 15% VAT 

(minimum J lines) 

Announcements, authenticated by the 
of the 

name and permanent address 
sender may be sem to: 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
Loailoe El 

or telephoned (by telephone subs- 
cr ben only) toe 81-481 3024 

Announcements can be received by 
telephone between 900am and 
5 30pm Monday to Friday, on Satur- 
day between ‘♦Lflam and 13 noon. 
laf-481 4800 Octyl. For publication the 
following day phone by 1.30pm. 


etc on Court and Social Pane £8 a On 
+ JM Ml 

Court and Social Page announce- 
ments can not be accepted In' 
telephone. Enquiries ux B 1-622 9953 
(aficr 10.30am). or send loc 

1. Panhgtn Sinn, Loadn £1. 

Please allow at least 48 hours be Tore 

For Whether fc* greater, he that suteOi « 
meal or he Ural serveUi? ka not he that 
sJiieih at meal? bul I am among you as 
be irwu servvth 

St Luke 22 27 


BAILUEU On July 18. In Melbourne. 
Australia, lo Clare and Anthony a 
- daughter Emma Louise 
CLARKE On I 6 U 1 July. 1986. to Car- 
oline mee Woodgaic) and Cordon, a 
son. Harrison Lewis. 

COLE On luty 19th. lo CectUa and 
Berkeley a son 

RSHER-AVOR71MER On July 16th. 
ai Li CH to Polly and Jeremy, a 
son. Felix 

FOSH On July 16th at NnrUi wick 
Park Harrow, to Verena (nee GUIes) 
and Jonathan, a daughter Hannah 

KELL On 1 8th July, lo Anita and 
Maurice a son. Marcus Oliver 
JACKSON - on July lOfh lo Margaret 
tnee Wagstam and John, a daughter 
Elizabeth Alice, a sister for Monica. 
LAMB On Slh July, al Uw Royal Sus- 
sex County Hospital. Brighton, lo 
Robtn and Susan (nee Moxont. a son. 
Thomas Alexander a brother for 

Legg on 6 th July at Hospital La Paz 
Madrid. W Chrlsane tnee McPhee! 
and Chnsiopher a son. Gavin An- 
drew a brother for Samantha and 

LOCKHART On !7lh July, al Si 
Mary's Hcspttal. Paddington lo Don- 
na mee McVeyl and Stephen, a son. 
James Ollier McVey 
MACHM On 13th June, lo Howard 
and Irene inee Christopher), a son. 
James Piers Howard 
MAYNARD To Peier and Bryony, on 
16th July a son. a brother for 

MCCLELLAND On July 16th. al St 
John's. Chelmsford, to Pal and Mac. 
a son. Thomas William (Tom) 
MUSGRAVE on July 16th to Rebecca 
inee James) and Andrew a son. 
Thomas Edward 

PHILLIPS On July 14lh. to Maureen 
mee McCusken and Michael, a 
daughter Catherine 
PHILLIPS On I9lh June, to Rupert 
and Eliratielh inee Hovde). a son. 
JaJe Jonathan 

WATT On July 16th. lo Frankie and 
Roger a daughter Robyn Philippa 

WHARTON on July 14th at Queen 
Mary s Hospital Roehamplon to Hel 
en Nee Senior and Malcolm a son 
Charles Frederick Sluan a brother 
for Rupert 


CARTER: CADBURY The marriage 
look place quietly on Friday. July 
tlth at Saint Tydecho's Church. 
Uanymawddwy. Gwynedd of John 
Graham Carter and Belinda Juliet 
Cadbury, both of West bourne Park 
Road. London W 2 


GERVK On l«h July 1986- Sibyl 
inee Chadwick), widow of Harvey 
Service al RusthaU Church. Tun- 
bridge Wells on Tuesday. 22nd July 
al 2.00 pm 

ASHTON On July 17 peacefully al 
home Nicholas Charles Ellis aged 81 
Beloved husband of Carmen, father 
of Mlren. Christine (Yolande de- 
ceased) and Joe. Grandfather of 
Lou we. Julia. Victor. Nicholas. 
Philip. Francis and Frederic. 
Requiem al SI Pius Church. Merrow 
Thursday 24 July a> li.octam Fam- 
ily tlowrs only please but donations 
may be senl lo Cancer Research. En- 
quiries to Ptmms. Guildford 67394. 

BATES peacefully aged 15. in her 
sleep, al Matda Vale Hospital Jane, 
dearly loved daughter of Patricia 
Johnson, stepdaughter of Keith John- 
son. sister of Sarah and stepsister of 
MargareL Chnsiopher. Rosemary 
and Nicola Funeral at St John's. 
Bexley. Kent on July 26Ui at 1.46 
pm Flowers lo Church. Donations io 
WoedsMe School Fund. Crayford. 
Kent or to Children's Comer. St 
Johns. Bexley 

BC1SHON Kathleen Elizabeth on July 
17th 1986 peacefully in hospital. 
Kathleen Elizabeth Betehort aged 65 
years of Edge ley House. Whitchurch. 
Shropshire Dearly beloved wife of 
Arthur Funeral service at SI. 
Alkmund's Parish Church. 
Whitchurch on Thursday July 24th 
1986 at 1.45 p.m. followed by ere 
manor al Wrexham. Family flowers 
only Please Donations for Orthopae- 
dic Hospital Oswestry, and Deermoss 
Whitchurch would be appreciated. 
Please send to Nat West Bank. 
Whitchurch. Shropshire. Enquiries 
Howell Bros. Funeral Directors 
Whitchurch Shropshire. Telephone 
0948 2338 

BEMTINCK Yvonne Suddenly, after a 
successful operation, at the Princess 
Margaret Hospital. Windsor on 16th 
July Funeral Service oo Friday. 
25th July al 2 pm at Corpus Chnsit 
Roman Catholic Church. 
Wokingham, followed by private 
burial Flowers, or donations to ihe 
Children's Society lo Mr Greedy. Fu- 
neral Director. Dukes Ride. 
Crow! home. Berks RG11 60S Tel: 
0344 773741 

BOISEAt! • On ihe I4ih July 1966. 
peacefully In France. John Edmond, 
aged 70 Much loved husband of 
Ursula and dearly loved father and 
grandfather The service win lake 
place al DumfoM Parish Church, on 
Wednesday 23rd July al 2.30 P.m. 
Family flowers only 

atrice Carol beloved wife of ihe lale 
Motor Edward G Christie Miller, 
much loved Auni and Great Aunt. 
Funeral Service at Putney Vale Cre- 
matorium on Thursday July 24th al 
12.30 pm. flowers from Immediate 
family only 

CRUM On July 18th. 1986. peaceful 
ly al home. Margaret Campbell 
Cram. Funeral Sen Ice on Tuesday. 
July 22nd at 3 00 pm al Isitp Church, 
and afterwards al Oxford Crematori- 
um Flowers or donations to Sobell 

DUNCAN On July I7lh 1 986 peaceful- 
ly in hospital after a Long illness vm 
tJeanniei Mary Stewart of Childs Hill 
NW-2 daughter of RashIHgh and 
M3 We Duncan of Shrewsbury in her 
86Ui year Funeral service lo lake 
place ai Gokiers Green crematorium. 
West chapel al a.uOpm on Wednes- 
day July 23rd Enquiries to Levcrion 
& Sons 624 Finchley Road. Gokiers 
Green NWII (01 455 49921. to 
whom flowers may be sent 

FLETCHER On July 16th. peacefully 
at home. John Molyneux of Sutton 
Cortenay. Ox on. aged 76. Most dear 
Ly loved husband of Delle. and 
beloved father of Anthony. Martin. 
Jo and Hilary Private cremation. 
Memorial Service to be announced 
later No flowers: donations, if de- 
sired. 10. Friends ol Aft Saints 
Church, c. o The vicarage. Sutton 
Courtenay or lo the Treasurer. 
Bes/ord Church. Besford. Worcs. 

CERVIS • On 16th July 1986. Sibyl 
<nee Chadwick), widow of Harvey 
Service al Rusthall Church. Tun 

. bridge Write on Tuesday. 22nd July 
at 2 . 00 . pm 

HEATH-CRACIE On July 17ih peace- 
fully al Lymewood Retirement 
Home. Uptyme. Mario ry Josephine 
aged 87 years. Beloved wife of 
George Funeral Service al Uptyme 
Parish Church, on Thursday July 
24th at 10 am. flowers lo A-J 
Wakely and Sons. 7a Sliver StreeL 
Lyme Regis. 

JOSUN On July 17th. 1986. peace- 
fully. Ivy Collin or Si Leonardvon- 
Sea. Lale Headmistress > 1939-1958) 
of FTanns Holland School. Clarence 
Gale. London. Funeral Service at SL 
Leonards Parish Church on Thurs- 
day. July 24ih at 1 1.30 am. followed 
by cremabon. Enquiries lo a.C. 
Towner Ltd . Norman Road. SL 
Leonards-on-Sea. Tel: 0424 436 

LANDOR Robert on 17th July 1986 
peacefully at home with his family 
Funeral service at Si Oswald's 
Church. Ashbourne on Wednesday. 
July 23rd at 2.30 pm. Family flow- 
ers only Donations If desired to SI 
Oswald's Hospital League of Friends. 

McMULLEN on July I6lb in Hospital 
Frederick McMullen D.F.M.. F.C-A. 
Oecieted in body but not in spirit. 
Husband Of Margaret Father of 
Anne. Claire. Peter. Paul and Jenny 
Requiem mass at Si Binnus Church. 
Dorchester-on Thames al 12 o clock 
noon on Friday July 25th. followed 
by tmernmenL Memorial service at 
Dorchester Abbey al 1 1 o clock am 
on Saturday August 2nd. Family 
flowers only, donations to The Renal 
Unit. Churchill Hospital. Oxford. 

MURRAY on July 17th 1986 peaceful 
ty tan Stewart, husband of Joanna 
and beloved father of Justin. Funeral 
service al Si Mary's Church. Bourne 
SI. SWi Thursday- July 24th al 10 
am to be followed by private crema- 
tion All flowers and enquiries please 
to J H Kenyon Ltd. 49 Marines Rd. 
W8 Tel: 01 937 0757 or If desired 
donations lo Cancer Research. 

on July 16fh 1986 Ceorge 
of South Mead. Walton Lane. 
Bosham. Wes* Sussex, much loved 
father of Jen and Jacquw and dear 
grandad of Zoe. Oefia and Claire, 
peacfully at Si Richards Hospital. 
Chichester, aged 86. after a short 
Dines. Funeral service al Bosham 
Church on Friday July 26. at 3.00 
p.m.. followed by burial service at 
Heriingfordbuiy. Herts, on Saturday 
July 26. al 3 p.m. Family flowers 
onlv. donations If desired lo Amenity 
Fund. Oak Ward. SI Richards Hospl 
tal. Chichester. West Sussex. 

NISBETT B-A. Oxon On July i6th. 
peacefully ai home after a short ill- 
ness. Robert Armiiage aged 48. 
Devoted husband of EJisbeth and fa- 
ther of Marlon. Funeral al west 
Norwood Cemetery on Wednesday. 
23rd July at I lam Rowers to 
Yealman & Sons. Norwood Rd. SE27 
or donations io Cancer Research 

PRESCOTT On July I6lh. al West 
minster Hospital after a brief Illness 
John Lam pi ugh. aged 77 Requiem 
Mass on Thursday. July 24lh at 
1 1.00 am ai The Church of Uie Holy 
Redeemer and Si Thomas More. 
Cheyne Row. London SW3 followed 
by private cremation -If desired, 
flowers lo W H Buckle ft CO . 246 
Fulham Road. London SWIO or do- 
nations lo St. Joseph's Hospice. More 
Slreel. Hackney London £0 Requi 
escal in Pace , 

RUDYERD-HELPMAN - On 18th July, 
peacefully at The Cedars Nursing 
Home. Commander Gordon 
Rudyerd-Hripman. DS.C.. Royal 
Navy, aged 94. Enquiries to 
Shergold. 0722 28966. 

SERVICE - Al home Ashcroft. Bridge 
of Allan. Stirlingshire. Malread. wife 
of ihe lale John Anderson Serv Ice. 
Funeral Service at Chalmers Church. 
Henderson Street. Bridge of Allan on 
Tuesday 22nd July al 11.30 am. 
Buna! private thereafter 

SHERIDAN - On July 17th. 1986. 
John, dear elder son of Theodora 
and the late Lieutenant Colonel A. M. 
Sheridan. O.B.E.. F.R.C.S. (Ed). 
I.H& trel'd). father of Pierre and 
Marc, brother of Pal nek. Requiem 
Mass 1 lam on Thursday. July 24ih 
al S* Thomas Aquinas R. C. Church. 
Ham Common. Richmond. Surrey. 

SJVUUL On Friday 18th July 1 986 sud- 
denly bul peacefully In hospital. 
Raymond Charles 'Otto) Small 
P.H.D. M.B.E. F.S.A. Beloved hus- 
band of Joan, father of Andrew and 
Richard, father-in-law of Judy and 
grandfather of Laura and Joapna. 
Family funeral al St Mary and All 
Saints Church Willingham on Thurs- 
day 24th July al 2.30pm. Family 
flowers only, donauons If desired lo 
Pap worth Hospital Cardiac Fund c.o 
Mr F W Cook. 49 Church StreeL 
Willingham. Cambridge Memorial 
service in October 

On 17Ui July, suddenly after a 
long illness bravely borne. Geoffrey 
Todd, aged 39 of Lower Road. Greal 
Bookham. Beloved husband of Lynn 
and father Of Timothy, son of Rudl 
and Peggy. Will be sadly missed. Ser- 
vice al Randalls Park Crematorium. 
LeaUierhead on Wednesday. 23rd 
July ai 12-30 pm. Family flowers 
only please but donations. If desired, 
to SI. Heller's Artificial Kidney Fund. 
c o The Secrriary. SL Heller's Hos- 
pital. Cars ballon. Surrey 


CLARKE - A Memorial Service will be 
held al The Parish Church of St 
Michael. Comtuil. London EC3 on 
Wednesday. 30th July al 12 noon for 
Gerald Hastings Clarke. Senior Gen- 
eral Manager. Uoyds Bank Pic- who 
died on 22nd June. 1986. 

WILLIAMS - A Service of Thanksgiv- 
ing for the life of Stuart (S.GJ 
Williams. Q B E- (lately ol BBC Tele- 
vision). will be held at All Souls 
Church. Langham Place, on Tuesday 
July 29 al 12.30 p m 


KHERA S. S DCS! 21 July 1985. Be- 
loved husband of Esme Mohlnl and 
the much loved rather of Poppy. 
Love never dies. 

WILLIS Murid Rem e mbered today 
and always with love and undying 
respect for ihe courage that Inspires 
us still, a dear soul. BJ-. Emma and 
Simon. • 


BORRETT ; BANKET On 20th July. 
1946 al the Church of the Holy Fam- 
ily. Ret gate. Louis BoreeR to Barbara 
Bamsey Present address. 54 Farm 
Close. East Grins lead. West Sussex. 



July. 1936 al the Parish Church. 
Cheltenham. Edwin Porter to 
dondagti congratulations and love 
from the family 

and Miss M. 

The engagement is announced 
between Martin, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs R.C Gray, of 
Ingoe. Northumberland, and 
Maria, younger daughter of Sir 
Peter and Lady Scott, of Instead. 

Mr A. Nairn 
and. Miss D.G. MacLeod 
The engagement is announced 
between Alastair. younger son of 
Dr and Mrs S-A. Nairn, 
Lochinver, Sutherland, and 
Donna, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs D.H. MacLeod. Brora, 

Mr A.G.K. Browning 
and Miss J. Snmner-Lockwood 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Mr and 
Mrs E.H.K. Browning, of High 
Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, 
and Jane, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs B. Sumner-Lockwood, also 
of High Wycombe, 

Mr BJi.G. Campbell 
and Miss G.C. Solly 
The engagement is announced 
between Bruce, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Alexander Campbell, 
of Wellington. New Zealand, 
and Gillian, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Bernard Solly, of 
Ingham. Lincolnshire. 

Mr SJ-H. Readhead 
and Miss S.E.M. CYMahony 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, elder son of the 
late Mr Frederick Readhead and 
of Mrs Readhead, of Wim borne 
Minster. Dorset, and Siobban, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Denis O’Mahony, of Henly-on- 
Thames, Oxfordshire. 

Mr J J.E.G. Rice 
and Miss TJ. Motwtford 
The engagement is announced 
between James, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs EJ. Rice, of Stoke 
Golding. Leicestershire, and 
Tessa, eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs John Mountford, of 
Thames Ditton, Surrey. 

Mr D.M. Frazer 
and Miss KA. Meakin 

Mr W.E.C. Slayter 
and Mrs K-M. Gawii 

The engagement is announced The engagement is announced 
between Duncan, only son of between William, son of Mrand 
Mr and Mrs Brian Frazer, of Mrs WJ.H. Slayter. of Quarry 
Caldy, Wirral, and Kathryn, HursL Oxted. and Karin, only 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs daughter of Mr and Mrs J.H. 
Michael Meakin. of Heswall, Gardner, of Hardwicke Farm. 
Wirral. Cleveland. 

Science report 

Virus, not pollution, is 
blamed for fish deaths 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 


A disease that has been 
killing freshwater fish' 
throughout south-east Asia in 
the past five years is more 
likely to be caused by a newly- 
discovered virus than by chem- 
ical pollutants, which until 
now have been the chief 

The bnllet-sbaped virus has 
been isolated by scientists at 
the Institute of Aquaculture at 
Stirling University in their 
studies of diseased fish taken 
from widely dispersed loca- 
tions in Thailand and Burma. 

The condition is character- 
ized by the appearance of 
large, deep ulcers on the body 
and head, with varying degrees 
of destruction of the underly- 
ing tissues. Many species are 
considered to be susceptible, 
but the striped snake bead, one 
of the economically most im- 
portant species, has perhaps 
suffered the most severe 

Until now, pollution of natu- 
ral waterways and fishponds 
with insecticides and herbi- 
cides, particularly paraquat, 
has been believed responsible. 

At Stirling, viro logical ex- 
amination of liver, kidney and 
spleen samples from affected 
fish revealed bullet-shaped vi- 
rus particles which were seen 
to be responsible in laboratory 
tests for killing cultured fish 
cells at varying rates, over 


some days. Farther tests 
showed that the effect was 

The size of the particles 
corresponded dosely with that 
of other recognized fish-patho- 
genic rhabdoviruses (rod- 
shaped). but the researchers 
say that further studies are 
required to determine the rela- 
tionship of the ukerativen 
disease isolates to these 

This is the first report of the 
isolation of a single Tiros type 
from more than one species of 
fish in widely separated geo- 
graphical areas. Many fish 
diseases cause clinical signs 
only in adverse environmental 
conditions, however, and this 
ulcerative condition seems 
such a disease. 

The fact that on breaks occur 
in Thailand wily during the 
cooler months of the year 
suggests that a falling water 
temperature may be a prime 
stress factor in this region, bat 
Other environmental condi- 
tions may be responsible else- 
where, the sdentists say. 

Their work was supported 
by the UK Overseas Develop- 
ment Administration and the 
Food and Agricnlture 
Organisation of the United 

Source: Nature, Vol 322, No 

Rewriting football’s rule book 32 d 

Sir Stanley Rous. CBE, 
Secretary of the Football Asso- 
ciation from 1934 to 1961, 
and one of football’s finest 
administrators who was large- 
ly responsible for re-writing 
many of the laws of the game, 
died on July 18 at the age of 

At home, his achievement 
was in broadening the appeal 
and the social status of the 
game, helping it change from a 
“cloth-capped working man's 
game" into one enjoyed by 
every level of society- On the 
world stage, he brought the 
British countries back into 
membership of FIFA after the 
Second World War and main- 
tained England’s powerful 
voice in world councils. 

Stanley Ford Rous was bom 
jtford. near Lowestoft, 

in Mui 

on April 25, 1895. As • a 
schoolboy, he formed and 
played in the village Associa- 
tion Football team, subse- 
quently playing goal for 
Lowestoft Town F.C 

During the First World 
War, when .he saw active 
service in France and Pales- 
tine with 272hd Brigade, Roy- 
al Field Artillery (East 
Anglian), he retained a keen 
interest in football, refereeing 
Army games in Egypt. 

He joined the staff of Wat- 
ford Grammar School in 
1921, where he was also 
principal sporlsmaster and 
where, ironically, he had to 
change the school from soccer 
io rugby. There he remained 
until 1934. _ 

He soon qualified as a Class 
I referee, making rapid 
progress and controlling hun- 
dreds of Football League 
matches. He was linesman at 
the FA cup final at Wembley 
in 1926 and during the next 
eight years was appointed by 
the association to control no 
fewer than 36 international 
matches throughout Europe. 

In April, 1934, he refereed 
the cup final between Man- 
chester City and Portsmouth, 
and in the autumn of that 
year, succeeded Sir Frederick 
Wall as secretary of the Foot- 
ball Association. - 

In the five years before the 
Second World War, Rous gave 
an indication of the impact he 
was to make on world football. 
In his first two years as 
secretary, he re-drafted many 
of the rules of the sport, 
among them die red and 
yellow card system for cau- 
tions and the linesman's sig- 
nals. He also ensured that a 
cup final medal was struck for 
both referee and linesmen. 

His most enduring contri- 
bution to the game, however, 
was the invention of the 
“diagonal” system of referee- 
ing, endearing him forever' to 
referees if not to the players. 
Hitherto, the referee tended to ■ 
exhaust himself by running 
around the pitch after the ball; 
now, he lingered loosely on an 
imaginary diagonal line across 
the pitch, allowing him to 
remain reasonably close to 
play at all times, without the 

During the war, when foot- 
ball continued on a regional 
basis, Rous was invited by the 
Government to become hon- 

orary secretary of the Red 
Cross sports committee, orga- 
nizing all sorts of sporting 
activities from international 
football matches to- whist 
drives. More than £3,000,000 
was raised for Red Cross 
funds. He was also involved in 
civil defence,' and for these 
services he was made a CBE in 
1943. . ■ ■;- 

For his work in connection 
with the London Olympic 
Games of 1948, and in sport 
generally he was knighted io 
1949. " 

In 1947, Rous was respond 
ble for the inauguration of the 
International Youth Tournfe 
merit, organized by FIFA, and 
which has -become a regular 
feature of the sporting calen- 
dar. He saw as one oftn emo a 
pressing post-war tasks bring, 
mg the Britsh countries bock 
into membership of FIFA, the 
world federation of footbafi 

The home associations had 
withdrawn from membership 
in 1928, mainly because of 
disputes over amateur status 
and .broken-time payments io 
amateurs. But Rous’s diplo- 
macy won the day, and tte 
British associations rejoined 
in 1947. i'i; 

He became increasitMly in- 
volved in the affairs of FIFA 
and of the European Umon bf 
Football Associations, formed 
in 1955. He became chairman 
of the FIFA referees'* commit- 
tee; and was closely concerned 
with the revision of the stat- 
utes of FIFA. ' . 

He was a founder member 




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of the Duke of Edinburgh's 

Award Scheme; vice-presi 
of the National Playing Fields 
Association; the Kiftg 
George's Jubilee Trust; the 
British Olympic Committee; 
and, for a: dumber of years, 
was chairman of the Central 
Council for- Physical 
Recreation.- * 

He was also extremely ac- 
tive in the British Olympic 
committee at the games of 
1948 in London, 1952 in 
Helsinki, 1956 in Melbourne 
and 1960 in Rome; •; 

He became, an outstanding 
lecturer on sport, and visited 
every comer of England and 
almost every country m the 
world lecturing oh and propa- 
gating the game. He ended 27 
yearn of service as FA secre- 
tary in September, 196], when 
he was elected president of 
FIFA, relinquishing the post 
m 1974 to become honorary 
president. ■ • 

Rous’s influence oh the 
game of football is incalcula- 
ble. As an administrator, his 
creed was scrupulous atten- 
tion to the smallest detail, and 
ar the .same lime an almost^ 
limitless breadth of vision^ On 
the field and in iegislatioiLi-he 
demanded of the game the 
highest moral standards. > : ; 

In the postwar era. Tie forced 
the domestic, game to mate 
itself aware of the rapid; ad- 
vances being made in the rest 
of the world while at the same 
time seeking always to curb 
the excesses of the . game 
abroad. Along the way, be 
made his own office appear 
every bit as important as the 
Football Association itself 

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to Cropper i 



Bank worth 

Professor Raymond Charles 
“Otto" Small, MBE. FSA, 
most of whose research and 
published work were devoted 
to the Crusades, died on July 
18. He was 73. 

Except for the six years of 
the Second World War. when 
he served with distinction in 
the Middle East and Italy, 
Smaifs entire working life was 
spent at Cambridge. 

He entered Sidney Sussex 
College in 1932, becoming 
Research Fellow in 1938, and 
Fellow in 1946. He was a 
lecturer in history from 1948 
until his retirement in 1980. 

In 1956, he had published. 
Crusading Warfare, a beauti- 
fully composed and learned 
book which deals in masterly 
fashion with a subject previ- 

ously sidrted by many scfaol- 
T. E. Lawrence. 

ars. including 

This, and his next book. The 
Crusades in Syria and the 
Holy Land (1973), are illumi- 
nated by his on-the-spot stud- 
ies of the surviving 
monuments. He wrote slowly, 
but the finished products are 
magisterial in style as well as 

Smail served the university 

and the college in.a variety of 
ways, always with flair. His 
lecturing was outstanding - 
forceful, well-organized, witty. 
He was a superb miniaturist in 
prose, whether on ' papa*, in 
reviews, testimonials and 
obituaries, or orally in after- 
dinner speeches. 

Perhaps his most striking 
achievement was as an exam- 
iner, where his reputation for 
objectivity and feimess was 
unmatched, and where also he 
always contrived to enliven a 
laborious duty. 

With these qualities of mind 
went a strong character and 
absolute integrity. Behind the 
polished, almost military exte- 
rior was barely concealed a 
passionate . concern for aca- 
demic values and especially 
for justice for the underdog. 

His took unlimited, trouble 
oyer pupils and colleagues in 
difficulties. The party which 
he gave to al) Sidney histori- 
ans after the Tripos each year 
was only one manifestation of 
a wide-ranging hospitality and 
of the support he received 
from his wife. Joan. 

He is survived by his wife 
and two sons. 



v .-A 







S si/.’ 



mrs jean Davies 

Mrs Jean Davies, founder of 
the Bumbake Trust for the 
rehabilitation of young of- 
fenders. a cause to which she 
unstinlingly dedicated her en- 
emy and exercised her powers 
of leadership to much good 
effect, died on July II. She 
was 58. 

While serving as a visitor at . 
Grendon Underwood Prison 
she started the inmates mak- 

workshop was opened -at 
Southwark, and yet anotheris 
now -opening 
Hammersmith. ' 


mg cosmme jewellery arid,, 

after their release, kept in 
touch with ihem. encouraging 
them to pursue the trade and 
to run market stalls in their 
home towns. Soon, she was 
having five or six young ex- 
convicts living at her home. 
Bumbake, in the Wiltshire 
village of Wilton, as part of 
her own family, and' working - 
in a room of the house. 

Unlike the bishop m Les 
Mistrables. she was never 
robbed and many of her 
“pupils" were effectively 

In 19?5, she opened a 
workshop at Wilton for 25 
young offenders, and founded ' 
a charitable trust named after 
her home. Later, another 

The range of work became 
more diversified, but when 
financial support was. received 
from the Home Office and- 
then ihe Manpower Services 
Commission, the character of 
the projecfgradually chan ged . 
•Trading was eliminated, and ^ 
ordinary unemployed youths 
were brought in to work 
alongside the young offenders. 

Jean Davies was not happy 
about, this developfoent, 
which she saw as a distortion ■ 
and dilution, of. her^ original 
idea, and in 1984 she resisted 
from the Trust.'5fie contin- 
ued. however, to promote the 
sale of prisoners’ worksbf art - 

a hrtnrK L'n. 'J-i!*' 

a branch of her activity for gr~^ 
official "* •- 

■which there, was -no 

.mnding - 1 and recentTy^she 
{bond- a new interest atl help-, 
mg Zimbabwean women tot 
.all . their q^octet wdrk .in. 
Britain.. Her .name . has been 
put fonvard fb r tbe Tcm ptefofl 
Pnre for. oiiumdipg sepvks 
to the community. - : ; 




;; Television 

A class 



wb oo Saturday for Frank 

'Imuh D;. »r> I . « 

• — ' 

‘■‘.s !?ia< 

*»talgeif in some mild fla*: 
^ v *®8 crowned by unpercfai- 
St Barry Mc- 


Ani ® D 06 ® 0 " y Wed for the 
^antead/r, and Mbs* Dobson, 
Mad in fetching blade '"""tf wttc 

Mr Bruno bad hh 

A»g after her screen character 
vA«gie in EastEiuters). 
j^nD mU FtosCs view, such 
personalities’* now 
.form a fonrtb social f<< m 
atongsidetheold upper, kmer 
.andnuddk*. Since he is him- 
‘'setf a luminary sarvivor of the 
1960s meritocracy, his opin- 
ions, as expressed in 20 Yean 
Vu CTVSJk should perhaps be 
-teken more seriously tha n 
■ those of the dreary gaggle of 
/commentators occupying the 
front benches in a studio 
-otherwise fall of real people, 

.«< .j -‘ Neil Kinnock demonstrated 
• • that he has more of a future as 

' > comic than as a politician 

■ •• : :(pot becaose be is any Amoier 

. .. -wdicn he is trying to he fanny, 

J,; *: -iJmt becaose his sentences are 

" -wily a tenth of their normal 

■ *®“**b); Jane Walmsley fell 

-.into the trap of speaking of the 
c United Slates as though it 
^ * ware a classless society; and 
Lord Montagu and a Pearly 
-King agreed that class no 
longer mattered. 

*' As to. tiie Gallup Poll on 
-which tiie wretched pro- 
gramme was hooked, the fact 
that SO per bent of those 
raterriewed considered them- 
selves middle-class (and none 
' upper-class) surely proved 
|> '. that most of us feel that there 
'-‘^‘4 . is safety in numbers. 

?.-■* - The Most Important Pro- 

gram in the World (TVS) 
r cocked an oddly jokey snook at 
• President Reagan's “star 
i wars" plans. Computer soft- 
ware has to he designed by 
.fallible humans, the argument 
runs, and so it is pointless 
. spending $30 billion on an 
. awesomely complex system 
; .wli£clt cannot be road-tested 
; .and which anyway may not do 
i -.the job forwbich it is designed. 

^ The' report made out a 
f* • - reasonable if messfly presen t- 
. ' L -z ^ed case for the validity of these 
r --~‘Sr y- fears, but might have found 

- r ~' . . time to question whether the 

"■ ^ “Peace Shield" is to be con- 

-*■ strncted by the Same pontrac- 

“ •*«-■ a '-tors involved in the Challenger . 

. .*•: - - and Than disasters: it is in 

.is _• American hardware that, one 

- “ ’ really has no faith. . 

■■ - MeanwhDe^ The World 

V 'Heavyweight Championship 
. - (BBCl) proved that 17 stone 

‘ of Philadelphia mnsde is good 
enough, at least for the time 

. Martin Cropper 

-- * X 



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.. ' Szs.- 

\ -■ 

■ ■ F:j. 


Depth of emotional power 

Sustaining force Janette Mulligan and Martyn Fleming in The World Again 

Festival Ballet 


London Festival Ballet's new 
programme on Friday night 
showed the range and quality 
of ihe dancers at fall stretch. ‘ 
with Christopher Bruce's new 
ballet, a powerful piece of 
dance theatre, framed between 
two big classical showpieces. 

Watching the premier of 
The World Again was. for 
much of its length, something 
like picking up a front-line 
dispatch on the radio but not 
knowing where it came from. ! 
found myself unsure who 
these people were but desper- 
ately caring about their fete, 
concerned for their problems, 
happy at their strength and 

Walter Nobbe's design gives 
a clue: at the back hangs a 
huge shape like an aerial 
photograph of the earth, its 
face changing as clouds move 
over it. There is a central 
character, played by Janette 
Mulligan, whom we first see 
coming away from that world, 
troubled and uneasy. The 
other dancers, entering sup- 
port and help her, encourage 

her to rest, then continue 
those sympathetic actions 
among themselves. After a 
time Mulligan is carried off, 
and when she returns she 
seems alarmed about the oth- 
ers. who now appear aggres- 
sive, dangerous — all except 
Martyn Fleming, who contin- 
ues to sustain her. 

It seems, with a repeat of 
some of the opening phrases, 
that the ballet is to end 
abstractly as it began, but then 
comes a difference that clari- 
fies aJL The other dancers lift 
Mulligan triumphantly and 
leave her to a more open, 
confident duet with Fleming, 
while an unidentified voice 
from the orchestra pit sings of 
coming into the world again. 
And that is exactly what 
Mulligan does, turning and 
walking back towards the 
planet she left, behind which 
are now seen the feces of the 
other dancers. 

You can read the allegory 
how you will (to me it 
suggested illness suffered and 
overcome), but the theme of 
the world lost and found again 
gives a rich emotional depth 
to the choreography but sets 
all the dancers moving in a 

style which excitingly com- 
bines their strong academic 
technique with the softer, 
more pliant forms of contem- 
porary dance. Once again, 
Bruce has cast his ballet with 
an assorted group mingling 
principals with raw recruits 
and bringing out personal 
qualities from all of them. 
Geoffrey Burgon’s score, an 
orchestral fantasia, adds far- 
ther theatrical colour to a 
gripping work. 

Before this came the first 
London showing of Natalia 
Makarova's production for 
Festival Ballet of the famous 
“Shades.” theme from La Ba- 
yadere. The long slow entry of 
the corps de ballet, down the 
double ramp at the back and 
criss-crossing the stage, sho- 
wed the company at its very 
best, giving the steps a beauti- 
ful gloss and making this pure 
classical dance into something 
dramatic too. Andris Hall is 
new to the production since I 
praised its Birmingham pre- 
miere a few months ago; her 
solos as Nikiya are splendidly 
polished, exact and pure. 

To end the evening came 
this company's first London 
performance of Symphony in 

C, Balanchine's gloriously ex- 
hilarating spectacle of virtuo- 
so dancing to Bizet's fanntly 
youthful score. Praise is due to 
Festival Ballet's orchestra for 
their spirited playing under 
Graham Bond for this, the 
Buigon piece (and an impas- 
sioned Onegin earlier in the 
week), and under Andrew 
Mogrelia for Bayadere. 

Balanchine makes big de- 
mands in Symphony in C: 
eight principals. 16 soloists 
and a corps de ballet, all 
dancing flat out and stylishly 
too: a tall order which Festival 
Ballet meets pretty well. Trini- 
dad Sevillano. splendidly 
partnered by Alexander Som- 
bart, dances with youthful 
regality in the adagio; Karen 
Gee and Matz Skoog sparkle 
and shine in the third move- 
ment, allegro vivace. They are 
the best, but everyone dances 
with joyful verve. 

John Perdval 

• Jamaica's National Dance 
Theatre Company is to visit 
Britain, for the first time in 14 
years, as pan of the Common- 
wealth Institute's Caribbean 
Focus, playing at Riverside 
Studios from August 12 to 16. 

Promenade Concerts 

Season launched with emphatic triumph 

Albert HaH/BBC2/ 
Radio 3 

There is little one can say about 
Mahler's Eighth Symphony: not un- 
less. like Donald Mitchell, one has 
half a whacking tome and half a 
lifetime's experience to put into it. 
Most of all. there is little one can say 
after so triumphantly emphatic, and 
emphatically triumphant, a perfor- 
mance as we heard on Friday night 
under Lorin MaazeL But perhaps one 
can suggest why the work is so special. 

Unlike all the other great choral 
pieces of the repertory, it is not a 
setting of a religious ceremony or a 
recounting of a sacred history. It is 
not a version of anything: it is just 
itself! It is not an image of acts of 

praise devised for the church, but 
itself an act of praise for the concert 
halL Mahler might well have tailed it 
a “consecration play" if the title had 
not been pre-empted, and if he had 
not been far too ironic a personality 
to have let himself get away with it. 

But the word “symphony” is 
• enough to separate it from the genres 
of mass and oratorio, and to make it 
dear that this is a work that puts a sa- 
cred act into the orchestral repertory. 
As such, it is immune to performance 
as much as to criticism. The scale of 
the resources keeps it well dear of 
ever becoming commonplace, and 
the music is so strong that success is 
guaranteed once those huge forces are 
assembled. But, having said that, 
there is room for imagination and 
daring to show, as Mr Maazel allowed 
us to discover. 

The massive acclamations wilt 

perhaps look after themselves, but the 
quiet and quirky moments benefit 
from the kind of care they had here. 
The choral pianissimos were mar- 
vellously conveyed as ethereal 
whisperings, emerging imperceptibly 
out of silence in many cases, and yet 
letting the harmony be felt even when 
the volume was so little. Also 
remarkable was the dancing lightness 
that at once distanced and intensified 
the nihilistic orehesiral interlude in 
the first movement, or the superb 
control of tone-colour melody in the 
introduction to the second. 

Among the constituent choirs, 
spedal praise must go to the women 
who so freshly provided the voices of 
young angels, and to the boys of 
Tiffin School for sounding so natural: 
any more cultivated phrasing, or 
cultivated German, could not have 
provided an effect of such candour. 

Only the soloists were not altogeth- 
er as one might have wished, and 
there were moments in the first 
movement when even this tremen- 
dous performance began to falter 
under the waveriqg of Johanna Meier 
and Reiner Goldberg. Bernd Weikl 
was also below his excellent best as 
Pater Ecsiaucus, and Udiko Komiosi 
offered again excessive wobble as 
Mulier Samaritans. The second 
women were both superior, Elizabeth 

shining ] 

powerful conviction and Linda 
Finnic singing with immense strength 
and beautiful tone as Maria 

Altogether the Albert Hall has been 
properly prepared for the Proms. 

Paul Griffiths 

purpose in a 
cl conviction 



brmance of 

Taverner Players/ 


Albert Hall/ 

Radio 3 

For once the laie-comers were 
pan of the attraction. It 
mattered not a whit to see 
them scuttling down the 
aisles, to hear the doors bang- 
ing. the carrier-bags rustling. It 
was all pan of the grand 
melfe, on stage as much as in 

U r 


R. C. SMJ 



Barbican Hall 

-So dismal was the first half of 
this concert, in which John 
- 1 - i Dankworth conducted the 
•' augmented London Sympho- 
v ‘" l ny Orchestra through the rear- 
. --. ranged works of Duke EUing- 

“'-ton, that your correspondent 
. .quickly fell into a childish 
- game of providing the compo- 
* V. T- " v .si lions with titles reworded to 
-fit an occasion whose stifling 

- middle-class pretensions see- 
• !.' '- r med 'to set the cause of jazz 

appreciation in Britain back 
30 or 40 years. 

. „ _ r You might say. then, that 

- - *■ " the evening opened ^with 

.. ; “Lumberin' m Rhythm", the 

• ingratiating Dankworth cue- 

' ing bassoons, glockpenspiels 
Vand all man ner of impedimen- 
ta. A “Crimplene Doll" _ was 
:'i- -evoked through the voicing 

- - ‘ ^ together of piccolo and tuba. 

. - evidence of the limits of 

Dankworth's sense of hu- 
’ mour, “Dormobile” — oh. all 
■' -right ' then. “Caravan" — 

should have been towed away. 

- 4 - Only one title resisted tamper- 
ing: yes. "It Don't Mean a 
• - . Thing if it Ain't Got that 

•- ' ' .■ -*• Swing" 

It is possible for arrangers 
and soloists of great character 
- Charles Mingus. Thelomous 



m f et 

V J starring 


.’■If - 

' i ; 

.-,1 s’. 

’ A*- 
F. • • 


based on the 

/V/ Go On, Malone Dies 
& The Unnamahle . 

‘'Riotously tunny- - Time Mo 
“A performance of magnificence 

22 July-10 August 8pm 

; ma tinccs3i^A»«9us! i 4pfnj 

nverstde studios 

Monk, Wynton Marsalis — to 
recast Ellington's original 
pieces into something of per- 
haps equal value, but Dank- 
worth's venture did not 
approach that category. His 
love of Duke's music is not in 
question, but this land of 
embourgeoisement — the an- 
tithesis of the respect shown 
when Radio 3 made Ellington 
a composer of the week — 
seemed a funny way of show- 
ing it. 

The guest soloists included 
two genuine Hlingtonians: 
Adelaide HaJL whose gracious 
performance of “Sophisticat- 
ed Lady" was lifted intact out 
of a better world, and the 
flugelhomist Clark Terry, 
whose molten-gold reading of 
“Come Sunday" earned far 
less applause than bis vocal 
antics in "Mumbles", an ad- 
mittedly hilarious lampoon of 
indecipherable blues singers. 
Eddie Daniels, an American 
saxophonist now making a 
reputation with the clarinet, 
probably uses more notes in 
one solo than Barney Bigard 
got through in a month on the 
road with Ellington in the 
Thirties, but without convey- 
ing the impression that he has 
much to say. 

Received with compara- 
tively muted approval, the 
Harlem suite, first performed 
in its entirety 35 years ago by 
Toscanini with the combined 
forces of the NBC Symphony 
and the Ellington orchestra, 
and only now receiving its 
British premiere, at last pro- 
vided the authentic Ducal 
voice. Vivid and direct from 
the initial darkly exultant 
trombone shout to the final 
cunningly unresolved chord, it 
made the cumbersome ensem- 
ble sound, for the first and 
only time, like a real band. 

Richard Williams 

the auditorium, which took 
place to the accompaniment 
of brass fanfares in between 
the six Florentine Iniermedi 
brought to the Proms on 
Saturday night 
Although Hugh Keyte's out- 
spmding programme-notes 
warned us. quite properly, of 
the dangers of viewing this late 
16th-century courtly enter- 
tainment as mere embrionic 
opera, it was a coup of 
programming to present them 
as a prologue, as it were, to last 
night's Orfecr. and no less of a 
tour de force of historical 
reconstruction to present 
them in the way Andrew 

Parrott's Taverner Players 

No attempt was made 
(though I suspect the challenge 
may now become irresistible) 
to re-create physically the 
masque-like tableaux vivants 
which were spectacle fit for the 
wedding celebrations of a 
Medici. The flying machines, 
monstrous dragons and gar- 
den of hamadryads figured 
only in the voices of Richard 
Pasco and Barbara Leigh- 
Hum, whose readings from 
contemporary accounts of the 
1589 performances, and En- 
glish verse translations of the 
classical myths they drama- 

tized, linked one age of gold to 
another with robust elegance. 

Robert Donington has roost 
aptly described these dramatic 
interludes, originally mere di- 
versions inside a greater play, 
as “drama diversified rather 
than unfolded by music”. And 
on Saturday the range of 
musical resources at hand to 
execute the writing of Mar- 
enzio. Malvezzi, Peri and 
Caccini contributed delight- 
fully to that diversificaton. 

There was Emma Kirk by, 
more BottlceUian than ever, 
tossing out streamers of vocal 
ornamentation from the ca- 

dences of her goddess-solos; 
there were the choruses of 
plucked and bowed strings 
hymning the universe of Halo 
and Pythagoras; there was the 
sweet-nymph trio of Tess 
Bonner, Evelyn Tubb and 
Mary Nichols; and there was 
Arion's whirlpool of an echo- 
aria. brilliantly executed by 
Nigel Rogers. Andrew King 
and Rogers Covey-Crump. 
With Cavalieri’s “Gran 
Ballo", a Renaissance Euro- 
vision big number ending it 
all, the age of gold seemed set 
to dawn once again. 

Hilary Finch 

Jenny Seagrove, a growingly familiar figure on the screen, opens in Jane Eyre 
at Chichester on Wednesday, and faces the new challenge of a major stage part 
with a coolly characteristic determination: interview by Nicholas Shakespeare 

The strength of an English rose 


A Celebration of our Century 

Open ingNigm 



Debussy - BW3 - Nea 

arc dance comrany 




OUEEN euzabeth hall 
Monday 28 July 7-30 om 
£4*0 £SL50 £7.00 £8-B0 

arty OFFICE: 01-BZ8 3101 



01-340 7200 m •ijViRI 

"1 have no idea why people 
cast me", she says, gulping a 
glass of iced water and then 
pushing a hand through her 
long fair hair. “I suppose I 
have a face that happens to 
suit this period of time. The 
English rose is in fashion." 
With her milky skin and wide 
blue eyes, Jenny Seagrove has 
the face of a rare vase in the 
window: untouchable, fragile 
and slightly cool. In fact, 
much like her characters on 
screen — the marine biologist 
in Local Hero, the title roles in 
Diana and A Woman of 
Substance and. most recently, 
the corseted mountaineer 
Lucy Walker. 

On Wednesday, as part of 
the theatre’s silver jubilee, she 
returns to the stage in 
Chichester's production of 
that most English of roses. 
Jane Eyre. "English roses are 
some of the strongest people 
around", she insists. “They 
were the early pioneers. They 
were the ones who went out 
abroad. They are not wilting 
women, but people who have 
strength and an inner centre. 
Gosh, that sounds pompous.'* 

Unconsciously or not, she is 
describing hersejf. The daugh- 
ter of a roving import-export 
man. who dealt with every- 
thing from chocolates to eater- 
pillar trucks. Jenny Seagrove 
was born in Kuala Lumpur 28 
years ago. Until the age of nine 
she wore her yellow uniform 
at a number of schools from 
Singapore to Kuchin. Then, in 
true colonial tradition, she 
was dispatched to a school 
near Reading. “As a little 
tropical plant brought up in 
the sun. I never thought I 
would like England. Now, 
whenever I’m away. I pine for 
English weather. I like its 
changeability., the fre| of 
something against my skin. 

Her first wish was to be a 
vet, “But it was my love of 
animals that made me decide 
against becoming a vet I was 
just too sentimental.” So for 
all the wrong reasons - “to be 
rich, and famous and glam- 
orous” - she became an 
actress. She had acted since 

she was knee-high to a grass- 
hopper. (Her first part was 
that of Apollo in a Greek 
dance performed on a grass 
lawn between two willow 
trees.) But it took her three 
years at the Bristol Old Vic 
Drama School before she 
loved acting for the work 

At Bristol, she was one of a 
distinguished casL Among her 
contemporaries were Greta 
Scaachi {whom she strongly 
resembles), Miranda Richard- 
son and Daniel Dav-Lewis. 
Among her own proud 
achievements there is a 

"recommended" certificate of 
the Society of British Stage 
Fight Directors. It means she 
can choreograph .sword-fights. 
~I thought, good, it's another 
skill. Like learning the piano 
for Jane Eyre. Everything one 
does is a new skill. It's like 
being at a fanfare and saying 
*Oh that was fun. let's try 
something else*.” 

Since leaving Bristol. Jenny 
Seagrove admits to being “ter- 
ribly lucky". After a period in 
rep and on the London fringe, 
“I haven’t really stopped". It 
was at an Equity meeting in 
London that she met her 


husband and mainstay, Mad- 
hav Sharma. An actor-director 
who was born in India and 
educated, like the Nawab of 
Pataudi. at Winchester, 
Sharma is a central influence 
on her life and work. It was he 
who directed her in Hedda in 
India (which be also adapted), 
and it was for him that she 
recently passed up a very 
lucrative deal because he was 
making a film for the BBC. 
Now he has bought the rights 
to some plays, she hopes the 
paiters hip will blossom even 
more. “We like working with 
each other", she says. "It’s a 
means of staying together and 
creating something at the 
same time." 

One reason for Jenny 
Seagrove’s enviable serenity is 
the Suffolk cottage where she 
lives in total privacy whh a 
stouthearted spaniel. “The lo- 
cals are very protective. If the 
Press come hunting, they say 
they don't know anything 
about us. I once told an 
interviewer about the cottage, 
and the magnolia tree we were 
given as a wedding present He 
then pretended that he had not 
only visited us but also sal 
under the tree. I was livid. No 
one comes to see us there, and 
that’s that. Added to which, 
the tree in question was only a 
foot high." 

Jenny Seagrove admits to 
being a suggestive actress 
more than a fall-blooded one. 
While one half of her admires 
Diana Rigg's role in The 
Avengers, the other strains 
towards Ingrid Bergman. “1 
find it quite hard to over-act , 
she says, sucking an ice cube. 
No. she is not intimidated by 
her return to this “monster of 
a stage” in the classic part of 
Jane Eyre. “In front of an 
audience you learn if what 
vou*re doing is righL Rims 
don't fill you up. they drain 
you. Theatre fills you up. 
Apart from rep. 1 haven't had 
any m^jor exposure on stage. 
People will be asking ‘Can this 
screen actress do it? " Loudly 
crunching the ice cube, she 
smiles, “And I intend to show 
them I can.” 

Solidity suggested by a fine structure of metal tendrils 
manoeuvring freely in space in Masque d’Artequin 


Totally personal 

Pablo Gargallo 

Gimpel fils 

When it comes to Catalan 
sculptors, we know Picasso, 
because everyone in the world 
knows Picasso, and we know 
Gonzalez, because mainly of 
the Gonzalez gift to the Tate. 
But of the third member of the 
triumvirate, Pablo Gargallo. 
we know virtually nothing. 
Extensive Spanish celebra- 
tions of the centenary in 1981 
(he was an exact contempo- 
rary of Picasso) produced few 
ripples elsewhere, and even 
his appearance in the Hay- 
ward's Homage to Barcelona 
show made little impression 
among so many unfamiliar 
names. But at least the new 
show of his work at Gimpel 
fils until September 6 should 
do a lot to pul matters right. 

Gargallo was heart and soul 
a sculptor, in contrast to the 
multi-faceted Picasso, who 
was a dose friend and admirer 
(Gargallo's funny, expressive 
1913 portrait head of Picasso 
is included in the show). He 
began, like so many of his 
generation, just about where 
Maillol began, somewhere in 
the shadow of Rodin. The 
earliest pieces here, like the 
Feme Yolupte d genoux. are 
just beginning to diverge from 
the strong naturalist tradition, 
and already have their own 
kind of expressiveness. But 
the next stage, after Gargallo 
came under the influence of 
Cubism, is much more dis- 
tinctive. Though there is a 
certain resemblance to the 
work of Laurens at that time, 
the confident mannerism of a 

small sculpture like Femme a u 
repos (1922) and Petit Marin a 
la pipe of the same year, with 
just about everything you 
would expect to be convex 
rendered concave, is absolute* 
* iy personal to Gargallo. 

But most personal of all is 
the work of the last few years 
before his early death in 1 934. 
when he moved almost exclu- 
sively to the making of figures 
out of sheet metal. He had 
been doing so intermittently, 
with an impish sense of hu- 
mour (well displayed in the 
Chameuse de cour, a lively 
caricature of 1915) for some 
time. But even the most 
ambitious later works. like the 
large figure Prophets of 1933, 
abolish the literalness of solid 
volume in order to create it 
imaginatively through the ma- 
nipulation of empty space. 

Something like the portrait 
head of Chagall or the Masque 
d'Arlequin suggests solidity by 
a fine structure of metal 
tendrils manoeuvring freely in 
space, in a fashion we asso- 
ciate much more with the 
Fifties than the early Thirties. 
And yet throughout Gargallo’s 
career there is an extraordi- 
nary sense of continuity, of a 
continuing exploration of his 
chosen medium's expressive 
possibilities which somehow 
never loses touch with the 
personality of the man and his. 
quirky individuality. If we' 
continue not to know Gargallo 
we are missing out on one of 
the most captivating and 
imagination-grabbing sculp- 
tors of the 20th century. 

John Russell 




8 King Street, London SWl. Tel: 01-839 9060 

Tuesday 22 July at 10 un. 

Tuesday 22 July at 10.30 ajn. 

Tuesday 22 July ar 10.30 am. and 2 pan. 
Thursday 24 July at 11 am. and 2.30 pan. 

Thursday 24 July at 10.30 aan. and 2.30 
Thursday 24 July at 2-30 pan. and 
Friday 25 jiy at il aan. 

Thursday 31 July at II aan. 


Christie's King Street will begin their Autumn 1986 
season with Claret and White Bordeaux U8 September), 
The Nineteenth Century including Sculpture, 
Ceramics, Furniture and Stiver (25 September), and 
a sale of Decorative Aits from 1 880 to the present 
day (26 September). 

Christie's South Kensington is open throughout the 
summer months and open for viewing on Mondays 
until 7 pjn. For information on forthcoming sales 
please telephone 01-581 7611 

Christie's have 25 local offices in the UK. If you 
. would like to know the name of your 
nearest representative please telephone 
Caroline Treffgame on OJ-58S 4424 

Tirijfc. i iViU^jL/rv A JUjlsX x. 1 i>AO 

Directors look 
to Thatcher 
on Games debt 

Navy’s five- 

By Abn Hamil ton 

The spreading boycott of 
the 1986 Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh has vir- 
tually ensured government in- 
tervention to stave off 
financial disaster. Games 
company directors calculated. 

“The boycott has pul the 
ball squarely in the Govern- 
ment's court," said Mr Arthur 
Cam pbelL a company director 
and Scotland's Common- 
wealth Games chairman. Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher had so 
great a political interest in 
showing that the Games were 
a success despite the boycott 
action that she would want to 
avoid any whiff of financial 

Secret negotiations have 
been under way unofficially 
with the Government for sev- 
eral weeks in an effort to 
persuade the Prime Minister 
to guarantee to make up the 
shortfall, now estimated at 
between £1.5 and £3 million. 
The figure is expected to come 
down, but several Games 
directors believe they will end 
up about £1 million short. 

The negotiations involving 
members of the Scottish Com- 
monwealth Games Council, 
the Commonwealth Games 
Federation and Scottish sports 
authorities have been con- 
ducted mainly through Mr 
Mai com Rifkind, Secretary of 
Slate for Scotland. Mrs 
Thatcher had refused to con- 
template underpinning the 
Games with government 

Had the Games proceeded 
without a boycott, some of the 
directors had feared that un- 

der strict new company legis- 
lation they may have been 

held personally liable for any 
shortfall if irresponsibility had 

shortfall if irresponsibility had 
been shown. 

“At the very least we would 
have been subjected to un- 
pleasant and damaging invest- 

igations," one director said. 
“Now we expect to be spared 

“Now we expect to be spared 
all that.” 

Mr Campbell said it was 
“convenient" that the boycott 
would put pressure on the 
Government to ensure finan- 
cial stability. Since the threat 
of boycotts bad been one 
reason for the failure to raise 
enough commercial sponsor- 

By Paul Martin 

raU of ship and advertising, the Etrit- 
i wealth ish public would in any case 
ias vir- demand a government rescue 
lent in- package. 

re off In their contacts with the 
Games Government the directors 
ulaied. were given to understand that 
ml the it was reconsidering its stand, 
tavern- according to Mr Pbter Heady, 
Arthur the Commonwealth Games 
lirector Federation chairman. It 
nmon- would not announce a guaran- 
jl Mrs tee in advance because this 
tad so would reduce the impact of 
rest in last-minute commercial fund- 
s were raising efforts, but would uhi- 
joycott mately be likely to make good 
vant to the shortfall, 
nandal Mr Robert Maxwell despite 

his much publicized “rescue 
have operation” has not provided 
ficially any sponsorship from his 
orsev- companies, despite requests 
bit to from the organizers last year, 
[mister and has guaranteed only £1.5 
up the million. Most of this money 
ted at was virtually assured or has 
lillion. since been raised, directors 
3 come revealed. 

Games Even Mr Maxwell's usually 
rill end optimistic right-hand man, 
irL Mr Bryan Cowgill, conceded it 
olving was “touch and go” whether 
i Com- the Games would break even. 
Duncil, He strongly criticized the 
Games “very disappointing” re- 
sports sponse, particularly in Scot- 
i con- land iiselt and is turning to 
;h Mr other old Commonwealth na- 
lary of lions to raise finance. 

Mrs Mr Cowgill also called on 

0 con- the Government to intervene 
g the financially. 

ament The Labour Party intends to 
turn the issue into a political 
xeded bone of contention should 
: of the Mrs Thatcher not volunteer to 
at un- meet the shortfall. Mr Dennis 
r iegis- Howell, Labour's spokesman 
; been on sport, said: “The Govern- 
or any meat, because of its refusal to 
iryhad back sanctions against South 
Africa, must take financial 
would responsibility.” 
to un- Mr Howell, wearing his 
invest- other hat as chief advocate for 
‘ said. Birmingham's bid to host the 
spared 1992 Olympic Games, is as 
anxious as Che Government to 
it was avoid any financial scandal 
oycott over the Edinburgh organiza- 
»n the tion that would create an 
finan- impression that all British 
threat arrangements for big interna- 

1 one tional sporting events would 
> raise be similarly chaotic. 

Dnsor- Games Imre visitors, page 5 

A closely-guarded naval se- 
cret is uncovered today with 
the first sighting of the royal 
wedding « n uttipship fl f a 

confection displacing 240 
deadweight pounds on five 
decks, aid with enoqgh ammu- 
nition for 2,0W helpings. 

Made at the Royal Navy 
Supply School at HMS Ra- 
leigh, Torpoint, Cornwall by 
(left to right) Chief Petty 
Officer Trevor Spicer, Ser- 
geant Abn Starling, and Wren 
Mandy Phut, the. 5 ft 6 in 
creation was being taken to 
Buckingham Palace today, 
carefully packed in wooden 

The naval bakers have been 
at their task for ten weeks, 
wmking behind tight security, 
to avoid possible sabotage or 
theft of the recipe. 

All that is being revealed of 
the ingredients is that there 
are IS of than, liberally laced 
with nun, brandy and port in 
proper naval tradition. 

Each tier has a theme, 
painted in king by Wren Platt, 
aged 20, who previously 
worked at her father's hotel on ■ 
Dartmoor. The bottom 90 lb 
tier features pictures of West- 
minster Abbey, Admiralty 
Arch, Buckingham Palace, 
and Miss Ferguson's home at 
Dmmner. The second tier 
carries the crests of the ships 
and squadrons with which 
Prince Andrew has served. 

The third has motifs refer- 
ring to Miss Ferguson, includ- 
ing a polo player, her favourite 
panning of Van Gogh's 5m- 
fiowers, and the winged horse 

tier wedding secret Soviet atom plant 

workers face trial 


The fourth tier has Prince 
Andrew’s armorial bearings, 
and the fifth carries the mono- 
gram of an entwined A ami S. 
The entire structure is sup-’ 
ported by 17 iced pillars. 

Spectrum, page 10 
Royal standard, page 11 
Letters, page 13 

. . .*.Y*V - 

• • _tl 

Continued from page 1 
ducted when the reactor 
caught fire and exploded. 

“It was established tint the 

accident had been caused by a 
series of gross breaches of the 

reactor operational regula- 
tions by workers at the atomic 

power station,” Tass reported. 

“Experiments frith turbo- 
generator regimes were con- 
ducted at the fourth generating 
unit when it was sidelined for 
planned repairs at night, 

. ••'V* f .V'VV 

■ - * 

isCs of the atomic power station 
themselves had not prepared 
for that experiment, or agreed 
it with appropriate prgaraia- 
tions, alraongh it had been 
their duty to do so. 

“Finally, proper supervision 
was not organized when those 
experiments were carrie d out , 
nor proper safety- measures 
taken— Irresponsibility, neg- 
ligence ami indiscipline led to 
grave consequences.” 

The experts noted that the 
comnrisshm appeared to have 
exonerated the design of the 
reactor, which is aniqne to the 
Soviet nuclear industry 

Acting on the report, the 
Politburo has established a 
new Ministry of Atomic Power 

timmks of management and 

It also ordered all exi sting 
ministri es and departments 
“urgently to draw up and carry 
out additional measures to 
ensure the safe operation of 
existing power stations”. . 

Other new measures or- 
dered as a result of the 
co mmissi on, whose original 
chair man is reported to have 
suffered from excessive radia- 
tion, included the re-training 
and reassessment of reactor 
personnel and an expansion of 
dm training programme. 

The four senior officials 
sacked by the Politburo were 

named as Yevgeny Kotov, 
chairman of the state commit- 
tee for safety .in the atomic — 
power industry; .G- A. Shash- 
arin, a Deputy Minister of 
Power and Electrification; Al- 
exander Meshkov, a First * 
Deputy Minister of Medium - 
Engineering and Ivan Yemel- ' 
yanov, deputy director _ of u 
research and design institute. - 

As well as being dismissed, - 
the four were subjected to . 
“rigorous party penalties”. - 
The Pofitburo ordered thattbe : 
former director of the . crippled - 
plant,, who was dismissed m 
May, should also be expelled- - 
from the party. . - 

One man who escaped dis-, 
missal was Anatoly Mayorets,- 
the Power and Electrification 
Minister, a Gorbachov ap- 
pointee who - took * over - m r . 
March, 198S. The Potitburoj. 
said that he “deserved to be. 
relieved of his duties for - 
serious shortcomings in super- : '■ 
risioa of the Chernobyl atomic . 
power station”, hot had only: 
severely reprimanded him be- 
cause of his short tenure of- . 

The 12-man Politburo dre w ' 
the special attention of afi~ 
relevant state bodies to the -A 
importance of completing the - 
encasing of the damaged reap- 
tor in concrete before the 
deadline, which was not pub- 
lished. It added that new 1 
boosing - totalling 700,000" 
square metres wow- have to 
be built fw^tW -rinal popuht- ^ 
tion evachated front the owr- 
laminated zone. 

So for, it added, the Soviet'.- 
people bad donated the equrv- / 
aleut of £400 million to the'- 
Chernobyl diaster fond. It 
paid tribote to fonlgnas riH!.. .. 
had helped to cepe with the- 
disaster. One of these. Dr - 
Robert Gale, the US bow *: 
marrow iqmdalist, returned to , 
Moscow last Friday. " . 


Ark r* 

•.4fv-rT • 

- * 

\Iountl^> h •; 
•in ;. 

jner denial 

Palace denies report on Queen’s reaction to Thatcher 

Continued from page 1 

Queen's staff the paper had 
spoken to. 

Mr Neil said yesterday: “I 
would not have published ibis 
story unless I had been abso- 
lutely certain of its accuracy. 
What is surprising is that there 
was no denial while we were 
preparing the story, but only 
at 9.45 on Saturday night 
when it had already been 

picked up by the television 
news bulletins”. 

Mr Neil said that the Palace 
and Downing Street had been 
in contact over the report on 
Saturday afternoon, but it was 
still many hours before any 
denial was issued. 

The Queen has only a 
handful of senior advisers 
within the Palace who deal 
with the political side of her 
constitutional role. Apart 

from Sir William, there is a 
deputy private secretary, Mr 
Robert FeUowes, and a press 

Any other member of the 
Palace staff who spoke to 
newspapers on political issues 
would be regarded very much 
as speaking out of turn. 

The Palace invariably de- 
nies vehemently any sugges- 
tion that the Queen has 
become involved in any way 

in the political arena. Media 
requests to discuss the 
Queen's personal view of cur- 
rent topics are frnnly rebuffed, 
and even off-the-record guid- 
ance is rarely offered. 

It is well known that the 
Queen values the Common- 
wealth and her position as its 
non-political, titular head at 
least as much as any other part 
of her constitutional function. 

for the current or any previous 
monarch to express displea- 
sure at political 'events 
through the conduit of a 

With over 30 years in the 
job, the Queen ts infinitely 
more experienced in the ways 
of the Commonwealth than 
any of her advisers or her 
politicians; ' at a dinner to 
celebrate her sixtieth birthday 

But it would be unprecedented -earlier this year, she boasted 

that her ninetieth Common- . 
weal th prime minister had just / ., 
been sworn in: 

She is - undoubtedly -con^ 
cemed at the threat to the . ~ 
fabric of the Commonwealth . 
which Mrs Thatcher’s lone :; 
stand on South African sane- : 
tions poses, and is certainly ^ 
dismayed that there will be so 
many absentees from the 1_ 
Commonwealth Games in Ed- 

tC report 

suing ud 


Today’s events 

Derek Hill, the Red Barn Gal- 
lery, The Fermoy Centre, King's 

Royal engagements 

Princess Anne. Commandant 
in Chief. St John Ambulance 
and Nursing Cadets, opens a 
new St John Ambulance Head- , 

Lynn; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, dosed 
II Aug (ends Aug 16) - 

S tutters. Winchester. Hamp- 
i ire. 3; later, as Chancellor of 
the University of London, at- 
tends the annual dinner of the 
Assodation of College Unions 
International - Region I. hosted 
by the University of London 
Union and University College 
Union, University College. 
Gower Si. WCI. 6.45. 

The Duke of Kent, Colonel- 
in-Chief. the Devonshire and 
Dorset Regiment, visits the 1st 
Battalion in Berlin, departs RAF 
Nonholt 9.35. 

New exhibitions 

Portraits and Landscapes by 

Exhibitions m progress - 

Museums Association Con- 
ference exhibition, ■ Aberdeen 
An Gallery, SchooftiiH, Aber- 
deen: Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Thins 
10 to 7, Sun 2 to 5 (ends July 26). 

The Police in Portsmouth, 
including uniforms and memo- 
rabilia. Southsea Castle, Ports- 
mouth: Sun to Sat KL30 to 5.30 
(ends November 30). 

Recent works by Neil Canning, 
Swan Gallery. High St, BurfonL. 
Mon to Sat 9.30 to 5J0 (ends 
Aug 16). 

New work by gallery artists, 
Bohun Gallery. 13 Station Rd, 
Henley-on-Thames; Mon to Sat 
10 to 5.30, dosed Wed (ends 
Sept II) 


Concert by the Swansea Bach . 
Choir. Oystennouth ..Church, 
Swansea. 8- 

Flute and organ recital by Mr 
E Domcott, the Birmingham 
and Midland Institute, Margaret 
St, Birmingham, 1. 

Organ recital by Keith Bosley, 
St Lawrence, Upton, Slough, 8. 

Recital by the David M unrow 
Anniversary Ensemble, the 
Church of St John The Baptist. 
Chester, 8, 

Concert by the Minehead and 
Exmoor Festival Orchestra; 
Avenue Methodist Church, 
Minehead. 8. 

Recital by the King's Singers, 
Sheldonian Theatre. Oxford, 8. 

Open day at the Tudor House 
Museum: working exhibits. Tu- 
dor House Museum, Friar St, 
Worcester, 10 to 5. 

Nature Notes 


Curlews have finished breed- 
ing and are coming down from 
the moors: their rippling call 
rings over the estuaries. Many 
will cross to the Irish coast 
Green sandpipers are coming in 
from Europe - they are the first 
true autumn visitors. Turn- 
stones from the Baltic will also 
soon be arriving. Coveys of 
partridges invade gardens that 
border on cornfields. A few 
blackbirds are still singing, 
rather later than in most years, 
probably because of the slow 
stan to the nesting season. 
Starlings are beginning to roost 
in flocks again. 

London and South-east A 13: West- 
bound carriageway dosed in Newham 
Way. between Masefield Gardens and 
■Jentdns L3ne. *316: Patching wortc in 
Chertsey Rd. M2&. Contraflow between 



junctions 23 and 24 { South Motvhg end 
Potters Bart, Herts. Roadworks continue 

Potters Bar), Herts. Roadworks continue 
between junctions 23 and 25 ( Potters Bar 
and Aid). 

Mctands: m: Contraflow at junction 20 
( Lutterworth). Leicestershire: lane clo- 
sures between junctions 19 end 21. MS: 

Lana re s trictions and some overnight 
carriageway dosunaa at juicdon 4 ( 
BromsgroveL 1*54; Lane restrictions at 
junction 4 ( A464 Telford). A1: Contraflow 
at Sawtry. Cambridgeshire. 

Pressure will be low to 
N of British. Isles ariti high 
over Europe: ;A weak, 
cold front over S of 
England at first will move 
away slowly southwards: 

6 am to midnight 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,103 Water ways 

Leisure by water is trie theme of two 
campaigns this summer. The British 
Waterways Board ts ottering one-day " 
waterway axptorw" Sconces to navigate 
most of ine waterways under the ir control 

Wild flowers are at their most 
abundant, and it is easy to find 
40 or 50 species in bloom on a 
short walk through fields and 

Wild pansy, or heartsease, 
is common at the edge of the 
brown barley fields: dog roses 

Wales and West Mfc Lane closures in 
both directions between junctions 16 
(Swindon) and 17 ( Chippenham). *38: 

Restrictions on A380 at Belvedere Cross. 
Exeter. *30: One lane dosed in each 
direction on Bodmin bypass. ComwaL 

r wMh closure 
nd sup roads 
krtree hner- 

at junction 6 
at junction 6 
i new bypass 

have droppra from the h — 
but the silky white flowers of the 
field rose have taken their place. 

They are avaUaMa from teensfng agents, 
boat dubs, canal societies and inland 
Waterways Association brandies. A one- 
gay Beenes for a powered boat not 
exesedng IS ft in length, without use of 
lodes costs £2. For an unpowered boat 
without the use of locks, the pnee is El . 

Yorkshire Water board has produced a 
leaflet showing the wide range ot rec- 
reational 1 fedfties in its area, ncfodfrig 
saBIng. wbtdkturfing. fishing, walking and 
bariwatehlng. It is available from: 
Recreation Leaflet. Box TS2. Pubic 
Relations Department, Yorkshire Water. 
West RkSng House. 67. Albion St Leeds 
LSI 5AA. enclosing a stamp. 

The yellow spires of agrimony 

are growing tall on the road- 
sides. and fields of grass are a 

sides, and fields of grass are a 
mass of white clover. Yarrow 
stands high on the young trees, 
where the mower has missed it 


Inf or mati on suppfled by AA 

London, East AngSa, E, W Mid- 
lands, S Wales: Becoming mainly 
dry with bright or sunny Intervals 
developing; wind westerly, Ught or 
moderate; max temp 19 to 2TC (66 

SE, central S, SW England, 
Channel Islands: Cloudy with occa- 
sional rain or drizzle and some hfll 
and coast fog at first, bright or 
sunny intervals developing; wind 
westerly, light or moderate; max 
tamp 1 8 to §1 C (64 to 70F). 

E, central N, NE England, Bor- 
ders, EiSnburgh, Dundee, Aber- 
deen, Glasgow, Moray Firth: Mainly 
dry with sunny intervals, wind 
westerly, moderate; max tamp 17to 
19C (63 to 66F). 

N Wales, NW England, Lake 
District, Isle of Marc Mainly dry with 
bright or sunny intervals; wind 





t <*• s 




High Tides 

Science surrey 

Gateskeeper and meadow 
brown butterflies cluster round 
the bramble bushes. Green lace- 
wing flies feed on aphids: they 
have long, gauzy wings and 
golden eyes. 



westerly, moderate; max temp 18 to 
20C (64 to 68F). 


1 Harbours weeds (5). 

4 The code appears heaps 
more complicated (9). 

9 Weighty talk given the bird 


10 Those people taking English 
as a subject (5). 

11 Nauseating stuff (6). 

12 A dependable man’s ally is 
to broadcast (8). 

14 He'll ride after the Italian 
beast (10). 

5 Troop miles possibly, seeing 
the city (10). 

6 Collier, the sign-writer (6). 

7 “Keep ye the Law — be swift 
in all — " (Kipling) (9). 

8 Upright, yet before the court 

13 Loyalty for example divid- 
ing a union (10). 

IS Changing the punishment 

The Institute of Manpower 
Studies is undertaking a major 
study for the Science and En- 
gineering Research Council on 
employment patterns of former 
Science PhD students. Anyone 
who obtained a research award 
from the Science Board of the 
SERCin 1977, 1 979 or 1981 but 
has not yet been contacted by 
(MS. and would like to panici- ! 
pate in the survey should con- j 
tact Helen Connor. Research 
Fellow conducting the study, at I 
the (MS. Man tel J Building, i 
University of Sussex. Falmer. 

Parliament today 

Births: Jean Picard, astrono- 
mer. La Fleche. France, 1620; 
Matthew Prior, poet, 
Wim borne. 1664; Paul Julius, 
Baron von Renter, founder of 
the news agency of that name, 
Kassel, Germany, 1816. 

20C (64 to 68F). 

SW Scotland, Nort hern Ireland: 
Rather cloudy, perhaps a Ught 
shower, some bright or. sunny 
Intervals develop ingfWind westariy, 
moderate; max temp 17 to 19C (63 
to 66F). 

L 1 ^ Vie 


London Bridge -2.10 
Abnnfren 1.31 

Avonmoath 7.55 

Bette* 11.33 

CanSff 7.40 

Davonpoit 634 

Dover 11.48 

Falmouth 6.04 

Glasgow 1255 

Harwich 12.02 

ar- ’a 

nfiauj wb e 633 

Latei 2.51 

Liverpool 11.55' 

■Lnwastofl 9.46 

Margate 12,12 

MteonlHavofl 8.49 

Nawquay 5^0 

Oban 6.42 

Penance 5.31 

Portland 7.44 

Central Highlands, ME, NW Scot- 
land, Argyll, Orkney, Shetland: 
Bright or sunny intervals and show- 

Coraraons (130): Debate on 
Opposition motion on crime. 
Gas Bill. Lords amendments. 

Lords (2.30): Social Security 
Bill, third reading. Financial 
Services Bill, committee, first 

Deaths: Robert Barns, Dum- 
fries. 1796: Dame Ellen Terry, 
Small Hythe, Tenterden, Kent, 
1928: Loois-Hubert Lyantey, 
marshal of France and states- 
man. Thorey. 1934; Albert John 
Luthuli. prominent member of 
the African National Congress, 
Nobel Peace Laureate i960, 
Sianger. South Africa, J967. 

ers; wind westerly, trash: max temp 
14 to 16C (57 to 61 F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and 
Wednesday: Tomorrow in N, sunny 
Intervals and showers, the heaviest 
and most frequent in NW and N of 
Scotland, during Wednesday 

b-blw sky: br-btu* sky and cloud: c- 
ctoudy: o-mereast: nog: d -drizzle: h- 
lull: mlsi-mut: r-rain; stnow; uv 

Ih under?! orm; p^howvrs. 

Arrows mow wtno direction, wind 
st»e«d_impw circled. Temperature' 

Sborshant 1136 

Sout ha mp to n 11.34 
Swansea 657 

Tees 4.01 


Tide measured in roeti 

HT PM Kr_\ 
65 . 2.38 ,65 - 
4.1 2.12 45 ' 
125 8.19 12*: 
35 1151 65. • 

11.4 aoi 115. 
55 659 55 '• 

.6.3 . - ••• • 

4v8 R29 -.,61 ' 
45 151 - 4JL. 
a7i252 ar- 

5.4 11.17 ;&r:j 

7.0 izr 7ja - 
67 658 ‘95,. 
55 350 -55 

9.1 . - - " 

24 1052 2.4- ' 
45 1257 44.- 

65 7.14 76 -. 

6.7 654 75- . 

3.6 657 4.0 • 

5.1 554 54 •. 

15 8.15 22 . 

-12.12 <5- 

65 - - • 

4.4 1154 4.4. . 

9.0 7 51 94 - 

5 2 459' 55--: 

-1225 45- 

HE 1nw3JS888iL V'. 


Around Britain 

places. Elsewhere, sunny intervals 
and scattered showers. 


5.08 am 

9.05 pm 

Sun Rain 
Its si 

Scariwio 3.0 

BrtAngttn 1.6 

Cramer 44 

Low est oft 4.2 

Ctecton at 

Moon sots Moon rises 
4.18 am 953 pm 

Folkestone 6 2 

19 66 cloudy 

18 64 cloudy 
21 70 brtrtt 

19 66 bright 

20 68 sunny 
19 68 sunny 

Sun Rain 
hre in 
115 - 

3.6 - 

CphnmBjhr 1.1 jh 18 64 

0.1 to 14 57 




Brighton BN l 9RF ( 0273 
686751). The survev rovpts 

16 Novelist, abominable as a 
man (4). 

19 Managed without one. Such 

- a come-down! (4). 

30 A person's leisure time (10). 

22 Drink with a male by the 
end (8). 

23 What's left in trust for the 
youngest, a teenager (6). 

26 Believe nothing long (5X 

27 They consider life barely 
worth living (9). 

28 The tourist rigs these out 


29 Golhing set in order (5). * 

17 Sees sense maybe, within 
reason (9). 

18 Condemned college head — 
make certain deputy bead 
follows (8). 

686751). The survey covers 
three student groups who held 
the awards in biological sci- 
ences. chemistry, physics and 
. mathematics. Comparisons will 
be made between students from 
different subject backgrounds 
and with different types of 

The pound 

Times Portfolio GoW rates are as 

1 Times Portfolio IS free. Purchase 
of The Times is not a condition of 
taking pari. 

2 Times Portfolio Ibsl comprises a 
group of public companies wfmw 
shares are listed on Uje Sock 
Dcchanoe and auoied in The Times 
Slock exchange Prices mot. The 
companies co mprising that a « ulU 
change from day to day. The lisj 
i which h numbered I - aoi is dlclded 
imo.four randomly abirtbuied. groups 
of u shares Every Portfolio card 
contains two numbers from each 
group and each card contains a 
unique set of numbers. 

11 If for any reason The Times 

Prices Page is not pubUshed In the 
normal way Times Portfolio will be 
suspended for that day. 

Lighting-up time 

London 955 pm to 459 am 

How ra play - Dady DMdand 
On each day your unique set of eight 
numbers will represent commercial 

Bristol 9.45 pm to 449 am 
Edinburgh 10.11 pm u 428am 
Manchester 953 pm to 458 am - 
Penzanc* 951 pm to 5.07 am 

and industrial shares published In The 
Times Portfolio list which will appear 
on the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

Bank Bank 

21 The way engineers let it; 

stand outside (6). •, 

22 Get over feeling angry (5). 

24 This may well lead 10 a wed- j 
ding (5X 

25 Prison activity (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,102 


1 Complaint of a colourful 
character? (9). 

2 Slop being mean (5). 

3 No panacea, that's definite 

4 Very little house in London 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,102 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Concise Crossword, Page 10 


Austria Sell 
Belgium Ft 
C anada S 
Denmark Kr 
France Fr 
Germany Dm 
Greece Dr 
Ireland Pt 

Italy Lira 229000 217000 

Japan Yen 
Netherlands GM 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
Scmth Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 

Switzerland Ft 2-71 


Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rates tor smaB denommattw bank notes 
only as suppled by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rams apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Retafl Price Index: 38S-8 
London: The FT index closed down 
21.4 on Friday at 12954. 

New Yoric The Dow Jones Industrial 
average closed 1777.98 on Friday. 

_ 031 

2345 22L25 

5950 85.70 

2.125 2425 

1250 1155 

002 752 

1077 1022 

354 3.16 

1.127 1.087 

229000 217000 

24000 23450 


3 Times portfolio klhlclend' «rtii be 
the figure in pence which represent 
ihe oprimum motemeni in prices u.e. 
the larqm Increase or lowest loss) of a 
romuiuiioii of clqht itwo from each 
randomly disiritiuiedsroup wiUiln Uie 
«*» shares) of Ihe ** shares which on 
any one day comprise The Times 
Portfolio- list. 

4 The dally dividend will be 
announced each day and the weekly 
dividend win be announced cacti 
Saturday In The Times- 

5 Times Portfolio itsi and details of 
Ihe dally or weekly dividend win also 
Of atariabte tor Inspection ai tee 
offices of The Times. 

6 If Uie overall price movemcni of 
Wore than one combination of shares 
cquaK Ute dividend, tec pme will be 
reualiv divided among the claimants 
holding fhose combinations of shares. 

TAll claims are sub led to scrutiny 
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In ihe columns provided neon to 
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Check your overall total against The 
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Temperatures at midday yesterday: c, 
cloud: 1. lair r, rain, s, sun. 

C F C F 

Bellas c 155S Guernsey d 1559 
B*nimhain (1966 Inverness 116B1 
Blackpool c 1559 Jersey cJ763 
Bristol 12068 London c 1783 
Cardiff f 1864 imdister cl559 
Erflnburgh 1 1763 Newcastle s 1884 
Glasgow C 1457 tmUsway C 1558 

Eas tbo urn e 55 
Brighton 3.7 
Worthing 65 
LWehmpto 6-2 
Bognor H 7.1 
Southsea 85 
Sarafnwn 85- 
ShankRn 85 
Boumemtti 74; 
Poole 65 
Sa to nsge 105 
Weymouth 115 
E xm ouUt 12.7 
Tfrignmautti 13.4 
Torquay 145 
Penzance 55 
Jersey 145 
Guenway 145 
ScMy Isles 4.0 
Newquay 7.0 

19 66 sunny 
21 70 bright 
19 66 bsight 

18 64 bright 
IS 66 bright 
21 70 bright 

19 66 bright 

20 68 sumy 
2) 68 sunny 
20 68 sunny 

19 66 sunny 

20 68 cloudy 
19 66 sunny 
18 64 sunny 

18 64 sumy 

19 66 sunny 
19 66 sumy 

London Z3 
BTram Afrpt 35 


SSTSp. of 

Manchester 05 
Nottmteam 05 
NUHr-iyne 0.4 


05 to 15 59 

19 88 bright 

20 68 sunny 

16 64 sunny 





St Andrews 


54 IS 59 
0A .05 IS 58 
0.7 . 13. 14 57 
- -11 13 55 
05 .07 12 54 
.18 13 55 
05 .02 is 61 
. 1-2 to 17 83 

EtSnhu^i 15.' - 18 61 


HMMLare Saturday's figure* , ' . . 

N d< 

,V. 1TJ * " i " 

Hew to pUy - Weakly DMdand 

Mondav-Sahirasy record your dally 
Portfolio lorai. 

Add these together to determine 
\our weekly Portfolio total. 

If your iota! maichn Uk tnrbUshM 

Bond Winners 


MlDOAY-.t Doud; d, drizzle; f. fain Ifl, tog; r, rein; s. sun; fat, snow: t thurxJBr. 

weekly dividend figure you have won 
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outnghi or a share of the prize money 
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your prize W instructed below. 

TetcphoM Ttu?°fkn« ^Sorttoko ctamr 
tins 03S4-U1I3 batwesn KUHam and 

83050 £8050 

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on tea. day year wsrafl total 

ntttoiM t TIM Time Porttona DMHaaa- 

Mo ctafcns can be asaaptad flutstoe dmh 

Winning numbers in ihe 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
Prigs- are: £100.000. 19TS 
665564 (winner lives in Wires!): 
£50.000. 3EW 661781 ( 
Gloucestershire): £25.000. 6SW 
260409 (Oxfordshire): 


MllUU iu 






C F 
r 23 73 
a 28 82 
3,30 86 
s 30 88 
C 16 64 
S 30 86 
s 39102 







C F . G 

*■ S «! Rod,B * 34 
3 ol te fS* ibul 8 C 17 

** ?4 re.BFYteCD- S- 18 

You must have your card with you 
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Our address 

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reserves ihe right to amend tee Rules. 

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Information for inclusion 'in The 
Tiithw InFornutioq wrrirp should be 
BJ* Editor. Tns. The T$n£. 
E? |& 7 - 1 Vlr9lnta 8 ,r «*. Ltondon. 





a 2A 75 
f 29 84 
C 20 68 
C 19 66 
c28 82 
s 21 70 
s 24 75 

No responsibility ran be accepted 
for i allure lo contort the claims office 
(or any reason wtmin Ihe staled 

The above instructions are a»- 
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dividend claims. 

by London Post tPrtnl- 

B Aires. 


Ettas? * at 



s 33 91 
S 24 75 
s 28 82 
I 33 91 
S 8 46 


Minh il 





Hong K 




Jo 'burg 








C F C F . 

8,21 70 
I 16 6t 

0 29 84 Malta d 24 re.lpiSS' 
* IT S UeUftm c 13 55 ftwhM ' 

iSSS" s 32 90 Send 

1 25 2 a 24 75 skio’por 

5 H Momr *aT a 29 .84^ txSSSn 
! S H ( 25 7736*^0 

s91 “ t tS 61 S*£ey 

C 17 63 N Yoric- 
a 29 84 Meg 
S 37 99 Oslo 
a 18 64 Pate 
1 Pcifdng 

a 25 77 Perth 
a 31 88 Prague 
a 25 77 R^Mk 
a 24 75 Rhooes 
a T9 88 Mode* J 
8. 29 64 Myadb 

f 23 73 yS^. I 32 

i ™ S T ,J 8 29 

Si Teciertte 0 24 

» S * « I** 5 ™ c 22 

L * H S Tunfai I 28- 

■ 8.22 72 Valendi s zr 

a® _ ^..VjeaeSiier. « 19 

8 »-17 63 Venice- c 23 

g* J 9 48 Warsaw c 19 i 

a. 11 i 

* ■ . Zorich -.0 171 

ere latest Hvafabto 

•s*i'7 - -"Yr . '•’a?, 

V^V. “'Vs 
'. t e-.k.- a . 

-j! ' 

■ +1 JiSW_ • 

AJkit '' **. i*. ”* 'a 

,r'» 2 

W <p * <r * SL 

v-*x ®f b% 

business and finance 



Executive Editor 
Kenned) fleet 



*■** 'WS^Si 

'.*«*■ v!i’? j&shs 




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*■■-*- : :* i: 4j**; 

- -■ V. Cjf 4#;. 

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^ * r 

^ . ., ■•^ I ' :: r 

TODAY — Interims: ■ 

Afex Corporation SA, Robert 
'* H ■ iUffl«K .: Neil ; &‘'‘ Spacer j 
Hofd&gSr Temple. Bar luvestv] 
merit Trust Finals: Arieh , 
Electrical, ASDA-MH Group, 
CASE Group, Fleming Enter- 
prise .Investment Trust, Gil- 
bert House Investments, 
Goring Kerr, Real Time Con- 
trol Storragard (expected on 

TUESDAY — Interims: , 

Bensons Crisps (expected on 
Wednesday), Crescent Japan 
Investment Trust. Leda In- 
vestment Trust, New Tokyo 
Investment Trust, St Andrew 
Trust. Finals: AAH Holdings, 
British Bloodstock Agency, 
Bumdene Investments, JT 
Parrish. Kenyon Securities, 
Soilrid Diffusion (expected on 
Wednesday). - 
WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
Bell Canada Enterprises 
(quarterly), Fleming Fledge- 
ling Investment Trust. Finals: 
Bespak. Dowty Group, ElbieC 
THURSDAY - Interims: 
Automated Security (Hold- 
ings). British Assets Trust 
(divisional). Bullough, Derby 
Trust, Edinburgh American 
Assets Trust. Goode Durrani 
& .Murray Group, Hill St 
Smith Holdings, Imperial 
Chemical Industries, Jurys 
Hotel Group, Ladies Pride, 
Portsmouth and Sunderland 
Newspapers, SGB Group, 
Shell Oil Co (second quarter). 
TaCe. ' Throgmorton USM 
Trust. Updown Investment 
Co, Watson & Philip. Finals: 
BTS Group. J & J Dyson. 
Heilon Holdings. Viewplan. 
FRIDAY- Interims: 

BritoiL Lloyds Bank. Finals: 
AiJsa In vestment Trust, Bens- 
fords Group. Black Arrow 
Group, : Marling Industries, 
Alfred Preedy & Sons. Radi- 
ant Metal Finishing. Rex- 
mpre, William Sommerville & 
Son. Unigroup. Watsham's. 

MONDAY JULY 21 1986 



_ market 

(Chang e on weair) 

FT 30 Share 

1295.4 (-41 .9} 

FT-SE 100 

1584.4 (-42.0) 

23,173 • • 

USM (Datastreamj 
125.18 (-0.14) 

The pound 

(Chan ge on week) 

US Dollar 

1^5045 (-0.0017) 

W German marie 
3^099 (-0.0712) 

73.2 (-1.4) 

‘in bid’ 

Speculation is growing that 
MountJeigb. the last-growing 
properly trading company, is 
behind the bid approaches to 
United Real the ofd-estab- 
lished developer. The bid 
approaches have been admit- 
ted, by Mr Maurice Wohl, 
United Rears chairman. 

Rover denial 

. Rover Group, the renamed 
BL. yesterday denied that i 
talks had reopened with Gen- 
eral Motors about a merger in 
trade' manufacturing involv- 
ing - a possible takeover of 
GM’s Bedford Trucks by 

GEC report 

"The Monopolies and Merg- 
ers Commission report on the. 
General Electric Company’s 
disputed bid for Plessey has 
gone to 'Mr Paul Channon, 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry. 

Building up 

The National Council of 
Building Material Producers 
forecasts three per cent growth 
in UK construction this year 

THF likely to 
pay £200m for 
Imps offshoots 

6 wm : 



Trust Hop se Forte, the ho- 
tels group, is expected to 
announce early this week that 
it is buying three Imperial 
Group businesses valued at 
nearly £200 million. The deal 
will be the first stage in 
Hanson Trust’s plan to sell 
more than half Imperial 
Group, the tobacco to foods 
conglomerate it bought for 
£2.8 billion this year. 

The Imperial businesses 
concerned include Anchor 
Hotels, Happy Eater restau- 
rants and the welcome Break 
chain of motorway service 
stations. THF will have won 
gainst strong competition 
from Sears Holdings, Scottish 
& Newcastle Breweries, 
Whitbread and Ladbrokes. 

Mr Dennis Hearn, deputy 
chief executive of THF, re- 
fused to comment yesterday 
but said the company would 
make an announcement in the 
next couple of days. Hanson 
Trust also refused to 

The acquisitions will be the 
group's first since Mr Rocco 
Forte became chief executive 
in 1983 in succession to Lord 
Forte, his father. 

The 61 Happy Eater restau- 
rants will fit neatly with 

By Richard Thomson 
THFs own 250 Little Chef 
outlets while the four new 
motorway service areas fit in 
with the 14 already owned by 
THF. Anchor's 29 hotels and 
around 70 retaurants should 
also fit easily into the THF 

The Monopolies and Merg- 
' ers Commission may be called 
in, however, because the pur- 
chase of Welcome Break will 
make THF the largest opera- 
tor of motorway service 

THF is believed to have 
supported its bidding with 
undertakings about future 
business contacts with Han- 
son companies. THF is an 
important customer for Impe- 
rial Group products ranging 
from beer to frozen foods. 

Meanwhile, there was spec- 
ulation at the weekend that 
the next few weeks will see the 
second phase of Hanson's 
divestment of Imperial Group 
companies with the sale of 
Golden Wonder, the snacks 
and crisps division, for about 
£90 million. Golden Wonder 
produced pretax profits of 
£8.1 million last year on sales 
of £11 7 million. 

DaJgely, the food group 
which would have bought the 









SourcttPA Computers and TBleammurttaMons 

Top billing for UK 
telephone industry 

By Bill Johnstone, Electronics Correspondent I 

Britain leads Europe in 
deregulating the telecom- 
munications industry, accord- 
ing to a 1 S-natiob survey from 
the consultants, PA Comput- 
ers and Telecommunications. 

Spain and Switzerland are 
at the bottom of the scale, with 
France, West Germany and 
most of Scandinavia joining 
Britain at the top. The coun- 
tries were measured on the 
level of competition allowed 

Most of Europe's telecom- 
munications industries are 
still dominated by national 
telephone utilities. 

However, Britain has priva- 
tized British Telecom, has 
given a licence to Mercury, 
another telecommunications 
operator, and has permuted 
value-added networks and 
data services to be supplied by 
the private sector 

The five areas studied were 
public telephone/iele- 
communications networks; 
value-added networks, like 
managed computer data net- 
works; business communica- 
tion services, such as 
electronic mail; computer ap- 
plications like special elec- 
tronic libraries or the supply 
of databases — and 

The variations in deregula- 
tion are causing problems for 
suppliers who wish to expand 
into Europe and for compa- 
nies which want to standard- 
ize the use of equipment 

The survey says: “People 
realize that the whole of 
Europe is moving towards 
deregulation, but they are 
often unaware of the wide 
spread of starting points.” 


company for £54 million if the 
United Biscuits plan to merge 
with Imperial had succeeded 
this year, has almost certainly 
been a bidder, but it may now 
have lost interest 

Allied-Lyons and Rownlree 
Mackintosh have also shown 
an (merest 

The sale of the Courage 
brewing division with us 
5,000 pubs, by far the largest 
part of the divestment pro- 
gramme, is not expected until 
the autumn. A price as high as 
£1.5 billion has been 

But analysts believe Hanson 
may delay a sale until the 
Monopolies Commission has 
reported on its inquiry into 
the Elders IXL bid for AilJed- 
Lyons since Elders is believed 
to be one of the bidders for 
Courage. The inquiry is due to 
be completed in September. 

Associated British Foods, 
Bond Corporation, and Argyll 
Group are also said to be 
interested in Courage. 

The divestments will leave 
Hanson with Imperial Tobac- 
co and the Ross and Youngs 
frozen food divisions as the I 
chief remaining Imperial 
Group components. There are 
no plans to sell them. | 

in tourism 
up sharply 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Investment in tourism and 
leisure developments jumped 
by a third in the first half of 
this year, compared with the 
previous six months, accord- 
ing to a survey out today from 
the English Tourist Board. 

The increase, whic h Mr 
Duncan Bluck, the ETB chair- 
man, said was a positive 
pointer to the improving job 
prospects in tourism, comes as 
research shows how increased 

C nment spending could 
tourism development 

The ETB, whose budget for 
helping tourism schemes with 
cash has been increased by a 
fifth for the present year, is 
expected to press the Govern- 
ment for a rolling programme 
over a number of years with a 
higher ceiling on spending. 

Derisions on the spending 
programme, possibly extend- 
ing over five years, are expect- 
ed in the autumn. - 

The Department of Em- 
ployment, in its annual audit 
of tourism development, said 
economic studies indicated 
that the government assis- 
tance scheme was playing a 
valuable role in creating jobs 
at local and regional level. 

In the past four years the 
£35 million English pro- 
gramme generated a total 
investment of about £300 
million in tourism schemes 
and is expected to have creat- 
ed 7,220 direct jobs. 

Additi onall y, research work 
for the ETB by Cambridge 
Economic Consultants indi- 
cate that double that number 
of indirect jobs are also being 

Taking the indirect jobs into 
account the aid scheme it 
yielding an average cost per 
job of £1,600 to £2,400. 

The half-year audit of tour- 
ism investment showed that 
projects still under construc- 
tion accounted for the biggest 
share, but 49 big projects were 
completed in the period in- 
volving £249 million in 

Mr Jim Ottinger (left) president for 
personal computer communications with Digi- 
tal Communications Associates, in London at 
the weekend for the Personal Computer User 
Show at Olympia. 

■ The American company is negotiating the 
$30 million (£20 million) takeover of Cohesive 

Network Corporation of California in its 
battle to stay ahead of IBM in the market for 
linkages between business personal comput- 
ers and mainframes. Right is Mr Bruce 
Coward, chairman of Computer Marketing 
Associates, which markets DCA products in 

PEP plan is ‘likely to fail’ 

By Graham Seaijeant, Financial Editor 

The Personal Equity Plans 
to be introduced next year by 
the Government in an attempt 
to stimulate wider share own- 
; ership are unlikely to attract 
significant numbers of new 
investors, a Bow Group pam- 
phlet published today 

“The objective of PEP is 
excellent, but the proposals in 
their present form do not go 
nearly far enough and are 
likely to result in the objective 
being stillborn." Mr Alistair 
Marsclla. the merchant bank 
executive who wrote the pam- 
phlet, concludes. 

Unlike the French Loi 
Monory and other successful 
continental equivalents, the 
Treasury scheme does not 
allow PEP contributions 
against income tax, giving 
relief onlypn capital gains and 
reinvested dividends. This, 
says Mr Marsella. makes the 
plans mainly attractive to 
existing investors who have 

used their tax free capital gains 
allowance of £6.300 a year. 
"W’e propose full iax relief at 
source for sums invested up to 
10 per cent of gross salary”. 

Mr Marsella also proposes: 
arrangements to cut the ad- 
ministrative burden of re- 
claiming small amounts of tax 
on dividends; full freedom to 
invest in unit trusts; and 
freedom to hold unlimited 
cash within a PEP for some 
time after shares are sold to 
allow investors to avoid antic- 
ipated falls in share prices. 

The prospectus on PEPs 
published last week by the 
Inland Revenue indicated that 
only 25 per cent of all but 
smaller PEPs could be invest- 
ed in unit or investment 
trusts, and that once a PEP 
had accumulated to £2.400 — 
the maximum annual contri- 
bution — only £500 would be 
allowed to stand in cash. 

The Bow Group pamphlet 
argues that the details of PEPs 

should be set by the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry 
because" the Inland Revenue 
is concerned with collecting 
tax and minimizing give- 

The Inland Revenue pro- 
spectus. published as an aid to 
potential plan managers, does 
not claim to represent the 
Government's final view. But 
the Finance Bill containing 
PEP proposals has now passed 
through the Commons and a 
further Treasury guide to 
PEPs is to be published this 
week, making it unlikely that 
the Government will drasti- 
cally rethink the plan. 

The Chancellor, Mr Nigel 
Lawson, is known to think 
that the tax cost of full relief 
against income tax would be 
too high and conflict with the 
aim of lowering lax rates. 

A Pep-iip for PEPs. pub- 
fished bv Bow Group Publica- 
tions. 240 High r Holbom r 
London WC1V7DT. £2. 

Egypt seeks debt rescheduling 

Cairo (Reuter) — President 
Hosni Mubarak confirmed 
yesterday that Egypt is seeking 
to reschedule some of its 
estimated $36 billion (£24 
billion) debt. 

In a speech to his ruling 
National Democratic Party 
(NDPL Mr Mubarak drew a 
grim picture 

He said Egypt would lose 
$1.2 billion in revenue from 
decreased oil sales and fore- 
cast a further drop in the 
nation’s hard currency earn- 
ings from other sources. 

Mr Mubarak did not men- 

£90m boost 
for shipyards 

British Shipbuilders is ex- 
pected to announce today a 
£90 million order for two 
North East shipyards. The 
contract, to build 24 small 
ferries for Denmark, should 
provide two years* work at the 
Sunderland Shipbuilders and 
Austin and Pickering yards. 

BS already has plans to cut 
925 jobs at the yards and these 
are likely to go ahead. But the 
order should prevent further 
redundancies in the near 

The corporation's annual 
results to be announced on 
Thursday, however, are ex- 
pected to show losses in the 
region of £100 million. This 
will make British Shipbuilders 
one of the heaviest loss- 
making publically owned 

tion Egypt’s current debt and 
mentioned only the 1982 fig- 
ure of $18.6 billion. 

He said debt servicing 
would be heavy for the next 
three years and be bad dis- 
cussed delaying payments last 
week with Italian, French, 
British and West German 

Bankers in Cairo say Egypt 
is right months in arrears on 
repayments of about $1.5 
billion in medium-term sup- 
plier credits. 

The International Monetary 
Fund estimates Egypt’s debt 

service obligations at $3.4 
billion in the fiscal year which 
ended June 30. 

• The oil ministers of Saudi 
Arabia and Kuwait arrived in 
Abu Dhabi yesterday for talks 
on oil policy with senior 
United Arab Emirates (UAE) 
officials before next week's 
Opec meeting in Geneva, oil 
industry sources said. 

The purpose of the talks 
appeared to be to agree on new 
oil production quotas for the 
three Opec members that 
would cut production and 
shore up falling oil prices. 

likely to 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

The dollar, which slumped 
at the end of last week, is 
expected to come under fur- 
ther strong selling pressure 
over the next few days. 
Doubts about US economic 
growth and signs of a willing- 
ness to cut official interest 
rates in spite of dollar weak- 
ness, could push the currency 
down much further. 

Figures for second quarter 
gross national product will be 
released in Washington to- 
morrow. They are expected to 
show annualized growth of I 
to 1.5 per cent, well down on 
the first quarter annualized 
rise of 2.9 per cent. 

Mr Paul Volcker, chairman 
of the Federal Reserve Board, 
gives his regular Humphrey- 
Hawkins testimony to Con- 
gress on Wednesday. He is 
known to be impatient with 
the authorities in West Ger- 
many and Japan, who refused 
to follow the US discount rate 
cut two weeks ago. 

Some American analysis 
expect Mr Volcker to hint at 
further cuts in the discount 
rate in an attempt to put 
further pressure on the other 
leading countries. 

The White House is more 
concerned about growth pros- 
pects in the second half of the 
year, with mid-term Congres- 
sional elections approaching, 
than the dollar's value. The 
Federal Reserve Board, which 
appeared to succumb to pres- 
sure from the Administration 
with the last discount rate cut, 
is likely to face more pressure. 

A forecast from Merrill 
Lynch, the US financial ser- 
vices group, predicting no 
second-half growth in the 
economy, sem the dollar 
down to DM2.13 and 156 
against the yen last Friday. 

The broker James CapeL, in 
its International Bond and 
Currency Review, published 
today, rays that the US Ad- 
ministration has embarked on 
a policy of deliberately driving 

the dollar down. 

“We believe that the US 
Administration is actively 
seeking renewed dollar depre- 
ciation because of the lack of 
any significant action by Ja- 
pan and West Germany to 
reflate their domestic 
economies." it says. 

The dollar is expected to fall 
to DM2.05 and 152 against 
the yen over the next three 
months, according to the re- 
view. The pound is forecast to 
hold up at around $1.50. 

De Zoete & Bevan’s Ex- 
change Rate Monitor, pub- 
lished at the weekend, rays 
that after felling below 
DM2.15. the next major sup- 
port level for the dollar against 
the mark is 2.00. The pound 
may strengthen to $ 1 .60 as the 
dollar falls, de Zoete & Bevan 
says, but by the end of the year 
it is expected to be below 

Bond dealers are bemused over prices 

^ ... TM^rrAnt^thPondnf accompanied by further bin at confidence as Mr JF A1 

From Maxwell Newton, better p^ot SSres. The First Bank 

New Il k - the us JSWttattSS 5SSMSSK 

"Further weakness in the US Mnt "nicgntre, Jow- mteret to 6 per cent has nia last week to save this 

economy has failed to bnag schemes being offered by nmvtied no incentive for bond important organization from 

down bond yields. This to toaliy all car company m- provnh* ™ u,cenDTe w corpse. 

been disappointing W the bond duding Ae Japan^e, who are png*. ^ df ^ T ^ Bank of America, hav- 

marM and, no orimlv haniiiiiB on to tew Mea “_ . . n.« .ran inti reunited a mammoth $640 

uitu t> , dud tog die pr £JLj«-hite, the dollar con- . The Bank of America, hav- 

market participants and, no gnmiy hanging on to tter . proamL The yen ing reported a mammoth $640 

doubt also to the Admimstra- SUet stare by sharing them ^fKrfjT acMwed million (£425 million) loss in 

tion, which is now loofa^ at a 0ffn an d their dealers a^HtemrKoo^ ^ ^ ts now 

second half of negligible or margins. ^ dose to being taken over by 

even negatim., growth whife the stock market Administration gives the banking regulators, 

pared with earlier, droops, mainly under the m- ^ appearance of not knowing Commodify pnees reman 

forecasts of 4 pct out growth 0 f a spreading realiza- JJjLf mdonext, although stock at eight-year a 

for The whole of 1986. tion that earnings for 1986 wiU ^ ere ^ repor ts that Mr recent befc-np modi tows 

Industrial production is now ^ down, the bond market tow Baker, the Treasury seen as rmthnigwrefan the 

betow thT level of a year j£ led draw any stimulus ^rerary, to gained the usual sbe“W“^ 

Sr. Business sates last ^ a* generally bad eco- of the Fed chair- “ 

mS were down by I*per oomicnews. Sn, Mr Pud Volcker, to 

cent, the biggest fail for eight ^ bemused bond pursue an aggressive policy c ; of andc ott, tiiLCn 

veais. Slocfcsare dec^amg in Patera, who see what seems to JoUar-devaluatioii, safe from 

S^busihess sector :»M' gfSr-made findamentals Fed intervention te i*wfie ^? mt ^eSprodnl 
starts in Jane failing to convert into lower efforts by raising the Federal Texw mtemedra ^ 


While the stock market 
droops, mainly under the m- 

droops, mainly unoer me in- ^ appearance of not knowing commuony 

fluent* of a spreading realiza- JJjtaf todonext, although stockateight-j earhmsa^ a 
tion that earnings for 1986 will . reports that Mr recent tick-op m oil tutoress 

. . CzZa - orirt hM roerc arc ***"'*, __ nnfhine more flan the 

0 . 8 - per cent and m the June 
quarter were. 4.15 per cent 
hptgr than m the March 

Htetdi sales were slightly’ 

he tailor-made ftmdammitals Fed intervention *«!»» Vw^tSmeS^rodncL 
failing to convert into lower efforts by raising the Federal , ^“3^ gr |[ ete were 
interest rates sad higher bond 

at confidence as Mr JF Akers, i 
the IBM chief executive, fore- 
cast little improvement in 
earnings until there was evi- 
dence of an upturn in US 
fixed-investment spending. 

The consumer remains the 
only hope of avoiding a reces- 
sion, but be is overloaded with 
debt and is being obliged to 
pull in his horns as he 
straggles with shrinking real 
wages, contracting employ- 
ment growth and a declining 
average working week. 

All other elements in gross 
national expenditure appear to 
be negative. These include 
fixed-investment spending, the 
change in business stocks 
(substantially lower than the 
first quarter's high number), 
housing, government purchase 
of goods and services and net 
exports (still hugely negative 
at about $13 billion a month). 

Gilt-edged, page 18 

Central Trustee 
Savings Bank Ltd. 

TSB England & Wales. 

As part of the restructuring of TSB 
Group and in consequence of the appoint- 
ment by the Treasury of July 23st as 
“Vesting DayT Central Trustee Savings 
Bank Limited and TSB England & Wales 
will amalgamate prior to commencement 
of business on that day. Simultaneously 
the name of the new bank will become 
TSB England & Wales pic. 

r 'W' ^ ^ 



TSB England & Wales pic. 

Registered Office: 60 Lombard Street London EC3V 9E A. 
Registered in England.and Wales: Number 1089268. 



***** *sl 

Few societies ‘want to go public’ 

By Richard Thomson^ Banking Correspondent 

Building societies have little 
interest in converting from 
mutual to public companies 
when the law changes to allow 
them to do so- Only a minor- 
ity of societies expect to be 
providing a full banking and 
money transmission service 
by the year 2000, but there js a 
wide difference of opinion 
among the societies about how 
to face the future.. 

The Building Societies Bill 
now going through Parliament 
will give the societies powers 

to expand into areas of the 
financial services industry 
now open only to banks. But a 
survey published today by the 
Economist Intelligence Unit 
entitled “The Future of the 
Building Societies" suggests 
that most societies intend to 
make highly selective use of 
their new powers. 

demutualization is in their 
best interest. Of the 12 largest 
societies, only two favour 
demutualization, contradict- 
ing a widely held view ihat 
laige societies are keen to 
convert to compete directly 
with the dealing banks. 

The survey, compiled from 
information given by 65 soci- 
eties, shows that only 1 1 out of 
the total believe that 

Only 19 of the respondents 
expect to be offering full 
banking and money transmis- 
sion services by the end of the 
century, the survey says. It 
says that surprisingly few of 



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C. 500000 Hum leteura 
12 Ora AH COB 
6587.000 A#som»a 
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i25ra Angta Saoaifces 130 
7.000 Ante H3 

6.627.000 Anger 
7.403500 Apyatme 

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36 3.1 165 

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Baneiey Gp 
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Bruetwn Toys 


Bmcma Sec 

Br Wand 

Brown iCftaiM) 

Bryant (Derail) 

- — Bua BsoOurcet 
2151500 CCA Getonea 

117* CHIU Moo 

1343.000 CPS Comp 
5 168 000 CPU Comp 
19 In CVO 

Calecoman 0« 

Came* ecu 
Cannon Street ln» 

Centra TV 
CMinwy Sees 
Cukkocw’I Europe 
CMbM Man 
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Chesrwe W 

CUrAe Hooper 

14 <3 104 

a«Q 22 17 2 
55 23 165 

IT 55106 
55 43 94 

2 ID 14 185 
114 44 103 

45 73100 

50 15 173 
26 22 235 
116 37 11.0 

34 45 115 
26 16 15 6 

14 224 23 
a 51 

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17 B S3 123 

I 3 1 27 129 

Oagau CUM 
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Crowd Etectroaes 
COM4 Emerald 
Cotorgefl Inc 
Comp FranaA 

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Gcnti rAcrawave 


Craiwi Loam 
Crown IRH 

□be Teen 


DJ Sec Alarms 
Da ran 
Danes (OYI 
Dean a Bowes 
Da Bren I Andre) 
Denmans Elec 
Dewey Warren 

091000 Ena* 

74 Om Eaton Bad OobCS 

2224.000 EcoOnc 
38 2m E an Fund 

2666500 Erbn Secs 

»0m EWnoga Pape A 
ia7m Electron House 
7.762500 EMctremc Date P 
139m Ernie, 

643500 Enterunment Prod 
11 9m Equpu 
19801 FU 
218m FKB Go 

5559.000 FeeOMkeK 
6391 000 FergsMocA 

1695m ReWs (Mrsl 
5.104 000 Rtncnor Dennys 

8.102000 Baaledi 

3aflm Fkwss 

9.003.000 Floyd CM 
7.782500 Ford 6 Weston 

264m French conn 

-2 31 24 21 3 

30 3.’J . 
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+1 e 2l 

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*2 23 21 215 

+3 56 6.4 10.1 

3.1 20 285 

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11 15 183 

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5.7 20 185 

37 37 134 

25 25 1B2 

7.4 25 262 
21 33 167 
76 70 94- 
28 31 19.0 
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15 1.1 14 7 

.. 28.1 

1.7 1 0 145 

21 22 7.8 

I i 14 100 

44 24 220 

26 44 183 

Haney 6 Tbcwp 185 
Hawhx* Empa 223 

Hearn Care 43 

Hewnwe 420 

Do A LV 380 

Henderson Pnm# 144 

114m Hgn-FoiK 250 

2500000 MgNana Par, 65 

10 5m hA* Bgonom 83 

2.496000 HOtaw 24 

103m HQdnson 116 

4.633500 Ho3Si hydnraan 120 

2S.7m Holmes 6 Merchant 665 
Hoknas ftoraeson 139 

"WJT 1 * IS 

Howard Group 335 

HrantraJ Bee io 

Hunter Santa 145 

ttomteiaft Teen 210 


(mtec IB 

Ind Scat Energy 95 

■MraRed 88 

mtareurope Teen 225 

Knertaron 5 

Do 7% 140 

Israel Mack U 29V 
JSO Gorap 150 

JS PSthtHogy 340 

Jaaues Ven 173 

JOyoUm 58 

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Kenyon Sen 295 

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Maw 63 

Uwjuw Thomson 105 

Lersura Mr 42 

Lewmar 70S 

uaga Cve ao 

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Lcrtn Elect 190 

Lysender Par 34 

85b 85 75 
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81b 35 230 
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123 29 185 
123 32 145 


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5.0b 25 121 
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06 25 189 
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2.635.000 Romeo 08 

3.985.000 Ramus 
3070000 Real Tew Control 
1329000 Re*M MHW 

8370000 FUnfcn OJAS 
1.94&000 ROM 6 NMwi 
8.652-000 Rune <01 
14J3w SAC 
122m Sangors Pnom 
4.o4aooo Sappime Pm 
109m Soums 

4.479.000 Scanro 
9912000 Scamronc 

475m Scot Heritable 
7.134900 Secunguanl 
2744000 SelecTV 
184m Siunawek 
3 1 Sen Sham Drug SVS 

3.879.000 Shaman Jam 
583m Shemon Sac 

7200.000 9mrwoad C(>mp 
11 Em Shield 

4240.000 Stgmex 
5.976000 Sons Catanng 
9298000 Smdar IWfimmi 

127m swen Pood 

9.493.000 SmaRWiH 
7212000 Snowdon Braga 
4.000900 SduWacW 

242m Sinn Bun 
8235900 SW Resouces 

5.050.000 Space Plannig 

4.750.000 Spa ten Te» 
2973900 Spe ora Auto 
4936900 SpUcrim 
7208900 Spce 

3250.000 Splash 
6900900 Stanlnu Metal 
4001900 SianelCD 

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9.419.000 Srirteron Etad 
9 750.000 Suhe^nd (FT) 

1510.000 Swmdon Pr Hasp 
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18®m T < S Stores 

1 1.4m TOS Oram 

6.710.000 TMQ AtMrt 

6236.000 Task Fora 
65,6980 Tay Homes 

4.469.000 Tech For But 

7.700.000 Tech Comp 
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1.602.000 Thorpoc 

3535.000 Tinsley (Ettfl 
8750900 Tod (WSJ) 
2119900 Townmede See 
8222900 Trade Promotion 

42.7m Tranchemood 

8.124.000 Thkon 

79 35109 

0.7 24 229 

39 29 231 

35 1.0 31.1 
79 4 6130 
84 07 290 

Lysandar Rsr 54 

MB Cash 6 Carry 88 

04 07 290 

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23 39 180 
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5.4 5.1 127 
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39 35 119 
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89 65 111 

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Hammer 68 

Martin Utaraso} 150 
Maxtam 16 

Maybe CM 105 
Majnews Foods i3i 

56 28 202 
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Menvdown Wine 360 

Mew Busts* ,15 

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Miameasa 150 

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21 20 235 

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2964.000 Moss Adventxm 78 

8.795000 Muatorwr ,30 

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29 0 4 702 
5.7 39 123 
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26 15 213 
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12.000 UM Ceraroc 

1932900 UH Cerainc 
82 An DM FoenC* 

4.152000 Litd Packsgyig 
5965900 Usher (Frank) 
85719M viewMan 
8307900 Wayne Kerr 
4.743900 Webber Electro 
2249900 Wetoac 

1 945.000 West Yortsrera 
5504000 wmtwwm-s Foods 

613m wckes 

080.000 VW8W SWJ 
1945900 WCam (Ron) Hldgs 

is. ia wmgate 

142a mud 

7907.000 W mce - jo r 

IS 4m WM o' Leakier 
144m Wyko 
800900 Xyfy* 

153m Yafewt im iraer 
44,6900 YehKMDn 
29«0900 York Mourn 
6.303900 York 6 Equty 
1462000 Do 8% 

1250900 ZygM Dynamo 

20 13279 
39 22,53 

4333900 New Ct Nat Res . 13 

2.T 4 6 229 

.. .. 7.0 

25 45 94 
43 3 3 113 
69 29 166 
24.185 24 

36 15 280 
39 85215 
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4692.000 New England Praps 18 
880900 Da 10% C80 

26 49 172 

.. 19.7 
43 «9 112 
75 43 118 

380.000 Da 10% 
14.7m Menste 

8547.000 Norm* 

5.197 000 MprtWn 

7.150.000 Horsed, HOWS 
5742900 Nth See 5 Gen 
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25 *4 

The Queen’s Awards. 

Made from blood, sweat and tears. 

Each year, theQueenb Awards are presented to 
the most successful companies in British Industry. 

Some of the firms are large. Many are small 
AH have achieved outstanding performance in 
export or technology. 

So that everyone can recognise their success, 
these winning companies are entitled to fly the 
coveted Queen's Award flag, and use the Awards 

emblem on products, letter- head and publicity 

If you'd like to be considered for a Queenfc 
Award in Industry Year 1986, complete the coupon 
and return it to the address shown. Well send 
you further details and an application form. 

If you've worked hard all year we .want to 
know about it 

Return to: The Secretary. The Queenfc Award Office. Dean Bradley House, 52 Hcasefeny Road London SW1P 2AG. Tfet 01-222 2212 
Please send me details and application form. 

Name of Company. 


Tick as appropnaie:- Exports D Technology D Both D 
Completed applications "must be returned by 31st October 1906. 



the societies which favoured 

conversion to company status 
expected to offer full banking 
services. Only four of the u 
societies favouring 
demutualization planned to 
become full banks. 

The survey found that the 
societies expecting to provide 
banking services also tended 
to be the same societies which 
expected to participate in 
mergers or takeovers of other 
building societies in the near 

Sterling would be weak link 
in a more flexible strategy 

.... AMUMI 

Never have central bankers 
been in such a quandary over 
monetary policy. Their prob- 
lem lies more in analysing the 
economic impact their poli- 
cies are having than in con- 
trolling the money markets. 

The US Federal Reserve, 
for example, looks at its Ml 
money supply target measure 
bounding ahead but sees an . 
economy which in aggregate 
is sluggish and in sectors is 
collapsing. The Fed’s re- 
sponse is to cut interest rates 
cautiously. Not even its 
chairman, Mr Paul Volcker, 
is now regarded as all-seeing. 

The Bundesbank takes a 
more resolute line. Faced 
with similar buoyanev in the 
targeted money supply mea- 
sure. Dr Kari-Otto Poehl has 
bound himself to the mast of 
monetarist orthodoxy, and 
shuts out the siren voices, at 
home and abroad, which 
clamour for relaxation. 

In West Germany, it is the 
monetary dial and not the 
GNP indicators or a crudely- 
calculated estimate of real 
short-term interest raxes 
which the Bundesbank takes 
as the authoritative reading 
on the impact of its monetary 

Meanwhile, the Bank of 
.England managed to exude 

« &*ii£uua u. miuia^u lu cauuv. 

through its latest Quarterly 
Bulletin, in its own inimitable 
way, a sense of unease at the 
strange things happening in 
the world today. 

The root of the disorienta- 
tion is the collapse in oil 
prices. This has made oil 

producers a lot worse off 
financially and oil consumers 
a lot better off. _ 

Revenues which oil con- 
sumers would have paid to 
the producers at the old price 
are now accumulating in 
bank accounts. This is tend- 
ing to boost monetary 
growth, as recorded, in the 
oil-consuming countries, be- 
cause the companies and 
individuals who are benefit- 
ing from this increment to 
liquidity typically hold their 
hinds in domestic bank 

The oil producers, by con- 
trast. do not (apart, perhaps, 
from the US oil companies) 
hold funds in those types of 
deposits which are normally 
Included in the domestic 
money supply definitions of 
the oil-consuming countries. 
The producers hold their 
.funds m the pyramidal credit 
structures of the Euro- 

The total volume of money 
involved in the switch is 
difficult to assess, but a fall in 
the oil price from $30 to SIS a 
barrel might shift $50 billion 
(£33 billion) to $75 billion 
from oil producers to oil 

This may partly explain the 
rapid domestic monetary 
growth now evident in all the 
major industrial countries. 
Further corroborative evi- 
dence comes from a recent 
OECD report on Euro-lend- 
ing in the first quarter of 
1986. This showed that while 
Euro-lending was growing at 
more than 30 percent a year, 
most of this activity reflected 
refinancing existing loans at 
lower interest rates. New 
lending business, and hence 
the overall volumes on Euro- 

market balance-sheets, was 
almost static. . . 

The question is what the 
banks have been doing with 
the extra funds. The answer 
seems to be that they have 

sets damaged general confi- 
dence and cut short the 
economic recovery. 

It is not easy for toe j 
authorities to win from the j 
present position. For the gilt- < 

SSs-asssJ .suffljasis* 

s «£€S? r " 1 arrsssK 

There has been very litfle, 
if any, extra demand for 
funds to support productive 
investment The general im- 
pact has been to drive down 
yields and to push up finan- 
cial values. Economic activi- 
ty has remained subdued. 

If the worid’s monetary 
authorities now seek to ac- 
commodate an upturn in 
economic activity, they may 
well need to create nwh 
money, in addition to that 
which has already inflated the 
money supply numbers. 

The danger in this is that— 
as happened in the UK 
recently - the financial mar- 
kets begin to react negatively 
to higher and yet higher rates 
of monetary expansion. The 
policy might then abort in the 
cross-currents of rising infla- 
tionary expectations and cur- 
rency instability. 

On the other hand, if the 
monetary authorities stick to 
.the present degree of re- 
straint, or even tighten poli- 
cy, they will risk a massive 
withdrawal of funds from the 
financial market values in the 
lace of an economic upturn. 
Indeed, it seems very likely 
that were the authoritiewo 

pursue this line they would ~ _ , 

fell between two stools, as the. The author & of. 

bear market in financial as- economics at Phillips & Drew. 

line of the US Fedenal 
Reserve or the restrictive line 
of the Bundesbank? 

Our guess is that political 
factors will incline the. Gov*, 
emment towards accommo- 
dating whatever economic 
growth appears deliverable It 
may be confident of obtain-: 
ing domestic inflation expec- 
tations through .judicious 
manipulation of nationalized 
industry prices, local author-, 
ity rates and maybe oven 
indirect taxes. . 

The weak point is Stoning/ 
The deteriorating trend in the 
UK balance of payments on 
current account will be. a; 
longstanding negative factor: 
for the British currency. A - 
more accommodative mone- 
tary policy in the UK than in 
West Germany will not help 
sterling's stability . and- will: 
raise question marks over the- 
ultimate feasibility of full UK 
membership of the EMS/ 

. Against this teckgrinuKC- 
the gilt-edged, market seems/ 
on a medium-term view.- to 
be one of the less attractive of 
the world's bond marketfc 
Loftg-dated yields arc head- 
ing back to double figures. 

Stephen Lewis 

Boeing uses lighter alloy to save fuel 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

Boeing, the United States 
aircraft manufacturer, has be-' 
gun using an advanced, light- 
weight alloy of aluminium 
andlithium in a bid to cut the 
fuel consumption of its 747 
jumbo jets. 

Two fittings made from the 
alloy have been installed on 
747 landing gear, where they 

will be evaluated over the next 
five years. 

Boeing says that it is the 
first commercial use of the 

alloy, which has been widely 
heralded as a breakthrough in 
reducing aircraft weight 

alloy and Boeing estimates 
that if used extensively it 
could, make a 747 l0,0Q0Ib 
lighter. . 

The metal is restricted, so 
far, to use in the aircraft's 
front landing gear strut . 

Aluminium-lithium is 7 per 
cent lighter than the standard 

The port is subjected to 
towing by airport tractors and 



C Company 

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lu on dw YU 
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£ Coaemny 

Pm* Chga Grow Dw ' 
test on (to YVJ 
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Pnce Di m Grow Dw 
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Friday ■wafcptop % tjE 

Aram Trust 
Ang Aimr See 
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Crescent Japan 
Derby toe 
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110 «-t 


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H* W 

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tov cap 

148 45 321 

19 09 .. 

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20 22 

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29 23 

21 19 
143 44 

8.7 113 
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129 B 49 
1.4 1.1 

86 27 

87 04 
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39 28 

88 22 
88 22 
21 09 

KtomoOfT CNanar ■ 
KtotonoaO 'aew 
mm Sraatar 
Law Departure 
Lon Mordant Sap 
Lon Dm 
Mai umho 
M onks 

Moray means 
Murray to# 

Moray M 
Mhirray Venture 

Ml OS 

S3 £2344 

84 85402 

MA 53264 
82 1.1 .. 

85 24 773 

01 02' 

34 39 409 

287toTR Aasme ' TR Cky Of Lon DM111 
4090m Tr M l Gan 180 

647m TR .Natural tan 2t8 

57.6m IRUorOi America 90 
115.7W TRPactoe Basin iss 
-773m Hi noparty - - 179 
2349a, T» Tear. . J04 

1453B TR Trust—. HB 

88.1* TsnyXa Bar* . <5* 

1833b Tharptnonon ' 202 
127m Drag Secwed Cap 363 
729m Tiara Oca**: 200 

669m Triune 130 

219m TripM—i toe '81'/ 

1622m US Oattortiae 264 

13.6m Vfttoa Resources 34 
57.1m WWDotI 56 

284m Wtonrootrom Egy 106 
336jm vwtan . - 197 

433m Yeoman. 352- 

33 87313 
3B& 59 31.1 
87 80 409 
119 84 234 
29 29487 
X* ®» .. 
87 82 387 
29 2S48I 
.830 39381 
79 49 289 
119b. 41 349 

85 29581 
43 81 373 
159 173 83 
83 . 35 539 
29b 85 187 
22 39 41.7 
33 81 481 
49 23 559 
181b 43 383 


8975* American Express Argyto 
11.8m Sousiaait ■ 
2688m Bnt a i ata Arrow 

935m On -A- 
2149* Bears 
259m Eng Trust Exro 
12-1 ■ Exptorattto 
389m Firti ttog ton 
129to Frost Gp 
9.8m GoDda (DIM) 
J £SAe Nwwmsan Artowr 
85.1m ICH 
2347m MAI 
201.7m M 8 G 
2335m MmcmMBB House 
380e PxMk tov T« 

Da WSirarta 

439m Sown new Court 


14 .29284 
-1 i 839 

>1 69 43169 

to-’r 709 39133 

• -1* 709 37-139 

■ +1 88 41333 

-4 40 32173 

*2 69 29 139 

-83 83183 
■ .. S3 19944 

-3 64 75 81 

-0 29 29825 

s -37V 179 2T 169 
-3 1298 79 79 

S 229 59 102 
-11 81 . 23928 

-7 189 84 89 

•+I«V 09 C4 - 


Republic of Colombia 

8V4% Exter n al Sinking Fund! Bonds Due February 1, 1988 

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, on behalf of the Republic of Colombia, that on August 1. 1986. $750,000 principal 
amountof its 8V(% External Sinking Fund Bonds will be redeemed outof moneys to be paid by it to Dillon. Read & 
Inc-, as Principal Paying Agent, pursuant to the mandatory, annual redemption requirement of said Bonds and to the 
related Authenticating Agency Agreement and Paying Agency Agreement, each dated as of February 1 197& 
Manufacturers Hanover TVust Company, as Authenticating Agent, has selected, by lot, for such redemption the'Btinds 
bearing the following serial numbers: 

Coupon Bonds to be redeemed in whole; 

334 551 596 
400 553 598 

448 SS5 60S 

449 556 607 
458 560 608 

476 861 610 

477 563 611 
484 564 618 
455 565 620 
486 567 621 

488 568 622 

489 577 624 
Atm cm <»* 

640 807 856 

641 808 B57 

649 816 858 

650 817 859 

651 818 863 

652 824 864 

653 826 865 

655 827 867 

656 829 868 

657 830 874 
669 835 875 
671 836 877 

Rn M7 ACM 

902 986 

907 967 

908 991 

909 993 

911 994 

954 995 

955 996 

957 998 

958 1005 

968 1006 

969 1007 
972 1011 

07*1 min 

^ v iL — K, oe reaeemea/ are avaiiahle at the Office Of DiUon.-Read&Ca. Incl on 

the r^emption date, interest thereon wHl cease to accrue from and after such date • ' ^ mc ‘ m 

wm^utchaj^ TlpL,0n ’ a nSW B ° nd f ° r ™ pnncipal amount remaining unredeemed will bedelivwSi thSeof' 
- At the option of the respective holders of the Bonds selected for redemption, the principal amount thereof aWri 


Dated: July 7, 1986 . . 

set for 
China deal 

? r V- 7 V; " • - * : r ' t> ’ 

is exposed to the elements 
during takeoff and landing. Jt easily inspected and 
Boeing stressed that it was not 
crucial to flight safety. 

Boeing plans to use 
alununiuin-bthium on the 
next generation of 747sand its 
planned 7J7 airliner in the 




r. ~ ?5 


> 3 ggS 


Special foods whet the 
takeover appetite 

>«** v* 

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■■' ■-. ._ “ "..-.^Sll 

-. , .. :• "<; : ■••-. 1 l s« j 

• • . . .-Vi? ”»% 

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to save fuel 


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Financial tbusi 


.-Takeover activity may u- 

Rowing 0n th, m 

fj} week has been an 
a«ive one on the USM for 
^^■Particularly in ihe food 

^ . ^ res ^l ®Wse Foods, a spe- 
£ fipzw foods and 
known for its uncooked sa- 
fotxry pastries, announced an 
ag^doffer for Slaters Food 
PfOdnds, noted for its frozen 
^usages. On Fresh Bake's 
oirreni share price of 94 p. the 
^>R« values Slaters at il3.7 
mffljon and foil acceptance 
Jvill enlarge Fresh Bake's share 
Sp 1 ™'*y about one- third. 
The deal looks agood fit. 

• - Fresh Bake was formed only 
Mew-years ago and has been 
Japidly developed by its man- 
«ge™nt anee its flotation on 
Jhe USM in 1 984 by a series of 
acquisitions. Confidence in 
Vie stocks was dented last year 
when management rational- 
izations were slower to pro- 
duce results than the market 
jnad earlier hoped for. 

! Recently announced results 
-for the year to March 1986 
showed an increase in pretax 
•profits c»f 41 per cent and 
^progress has now been re- 
sumed. Investment in new 
opacity completed over the 
•last. 18 months should allow 
Jlfie .group to make rapid 
• progress in the next few years. 

! ; Tie combined group of 
v Fresh Bake and Slaters could 

: UK firms 
[y set for 
"China deal 

- From Stephen Leather 
Hong Kong 

Sir YK Pao, the Hong Kong 
.businessman who saved Stan- 
.idard Chartered Bank from 
-/being taken over by Lloyds, 
.‘has put together a consortium 
'Df British and West German 
, companies to equip a £2.7 
^billion <£1.8 billion) steel mill 
?Sn China. 

Ij The mill, dose to the ship- 
"pmg magnate's native city of 
J^ingbo, will produce 3 mil- 
^on. tonnes a year. 

A: The British steel engineer- 
-ing firm Davy McK^ will 
, bead the consortium, which 
^will include a number of other 
British companies as well as 
lazge West German interests, 
r ; “We are hoping to have a . 
^signing ceremony for - the: 
srajnrt.. during -the Queen’s- 1 
?vtatfo Chihain October,?^. 

saidl -- 

l ■; “Then we will probably 
deed up to a year to complete 
ihe contract arrangeraentsand 

make pretax profits in the 
cammr year of £4.9 million 
which on a low tax charge of 
25 per cent gives earnings per 
share of 8.5p and leaves the 
shar» on a prospective multi- 
ple oF 11.1. This is nearly a 10 
per cent discount to die mar- 
ket which should narrow as 
the market comes to appreci- 
ate that the group has the 
potential to become one of the 
leading operators in the frozen 
food industry. 

Mayhew Foods was the 
other food bid stock of the 
week. Based in Uckfield, Sus- 
sex. the company came to the 
market in February 1985. Its 
speciality is in fresh and 
processed chicken products 
for the retail and catering 
industries and it has benefited 
particularly from the trend 
towards convenience foods 
promoted by the multiple 

Since coming to the market 
the company has greatly ex- 
panded us added value range 
of products but the profit 
record remained volatile. The 
company has now been 
bought by Northern Foods for 
£18 million which will in- 
crease its presence in a growth 
area of the market where it has 
been running short of 

The management strength 
of Northern Foods should 

ensure a good profit recovery 
from Mayhew and the deal 
looks good therefore for both 
Northern and Mayhew 

Another USM food stock 
has been less fortunate on die 
acquisition trail. Meadow 
Farm Produce, which was 
featured in this column in 
June when it announced a 
rights issue, was frustrated in 
its efforts to buy an abattoir. 
North Devon Meats, by a 
higher counterbid from 
HiUsdown Holdings. 

The company is anxious to 
acquire its own slaughter base 
to satisfy the requirements of , 
some of the multiple retailers 
whom they wish to supply. 
This disappointment should j 

however be seen as hope : 
deferred as the company states 
that it has subsequently re- 
ceived approaches from no 
fewer than 15 other abattoirs. 

The company is still on 
course for £4 million pretax 
profit this year, giving 14.5p 
earnings per share and a price- 
earnings ratio of 14.8. This is 
not expensive given the quali- 
ty of the company and iis 
excellent growth prospects. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member oj 
the smaller companies unit at 
Phillips & Drew. 

: a : - 

! •: t: l 

' •• 

. * ’ - IT' 

ICS: Dividend 0.7p (Up) for 
the year to April 30. Turnover 
£19.42 million (£13.7S million). 
Pretax toss £166,000 (profit £).) 
million). Loss per share — 
weighted average — 0.94 (95p 
earnings). The board explains 
that the results reflect heavy 
investment during a year of 
difficult conditions. 

dividend 2.5p <2p) for the year 
to March 31. Turnover £4.65 
million (£4.11 million). Pretax 
profit £23 1 .000 (£75,000). Earn- 
ings per share 6 Jxt (2.2p). 

GROUP: No dividend (same) 
for the 12 months to April 30. 
Turnover £5.14 million (£5.33 
million). Pretax loss £726.000 
(loss £102.000). Loss per share 



Interim dividend of Ip for the 
six months to March 31, payable 
j>n Sept. 20. Turnover £4.42 
million (£2.69 million). Pretax 
profit £606.000 (£356,000). 

Earnings per share 4. Ip (2.5p). 

POST: Year to March 31. Total 
Bnridend 27.0p (2 Up). Turn- • 
over £44.66' million . (£4V.06 
million). Pretax 1 . profit £5.82. 
million (£3 million). Earnings 
per share 37_22p (27.46p). 

Year to Feb. 28. No dividend 
(same). Turnover £1222 mil- 
lion (£1 1.67 million). Pretax loss 
£365.000 (profit £307,000). No 
tax (nil). Loss per share 0.06p 
(209p earnings). 

ICS: The takeover of Astronic 
of Munich, West Germany, has 
been completed. The price will 
depend on Astronic's perfor- 
mance for 1986. but the initial 
sum was DM17 million (£5.3 
million) cash. Astronic’s 1985 
turnover was DM33.) million 
(£103 million) and its pretax 
profit DM1.9 million 

dividend 0.9Sp (0.85p), payable 
on Aug. 22 The board intends 
to recommend a final greater 
than 1985*s (1.45p). Net pretax 
revenue for the first half of 1 986. 
£659.000 (£650.000). Earnings 
per share 1.35p(l.27p). 

• DRG (CANADA): Six 
months to June 30. Pretax 
income Can$4.65 million (£223 
million), against CanS4.34 mil- 
lion. Net sales CanS63.38 mil- 
lion (Can$6O.08 million). Net 
income per share 75 cents (72 

• UNION BANK: This wholly- 
owned Californian subsidiary of 
Standard Chartered reports sec- 
ond-quarter earnings of $13.4 
million (£8.9 million) — a 1 7 per 
cent increase). Earnings for the 
first six months of 1986 were 
$24.6 million (15 per cent up). 
Total loans and leases averaged 
$5.8 billion (also up 15 percent). 

(HOLDINGS): Boots’ offer has 
been, accepted for 7.19 millibn 
ordinary shares (89.9 per cent). 
It is now unconditional and- is 
extended until further- notice.' . 

AND FINANCE: Half-year to 
March 3(. Pretax profit £7,049 
(£2379). Earnings per share 
0. 1 5p (0.04p on old capital). The 
results include the safe of Mon- 
trose House, producing a sur- 
plus . of £30,000. This 
significantly improved cash 
flow, with a reduction of £2.26 
million in net borrowings. Phoe- 
nix has acquired New Court 
Estates for £785, 1 02. satisfied by 
the issue of I.S7 million shares. 

(HOLDINGS): John Grey, a 
subsidiary, has acquired from 
Hamms Bures tire freehold of 
its factory at Kings Mill, Queen 
Street. Harie Syke, Burnley, 
Lancashire, for £80,000 in cash. 

• Sir YK Pao: organizing 

* ; " £2.7bn steel project 

get construction under way.” 

The steelworks has been a 
project of Sir YK’s since he 
visited Ningbo in 1984, his 
first visit since he left more 
than 50 years ago* 

The key ro the plan is the 
nearby deep water harbour of 
Beilun, which is capable of 
accommodating ships of up to 
250.000 deadweight tons. 

The British Government is 
said to be providing soft loans 
to Davy McKee and other 
members of the consortium to 
finance their pan of the 

Other British companies 
said io be .involved include 
GEC British Oxygen, North- 
ern Engineering Industries 
and Babcock & Wilcox. Head- 
ing the German side of the 
Consortium is Ferros tahL 

China's steel production is 
expected to exceed 50 million 
tons annually within the- next 
year or two. The country now 
ranks fourth in the world in 
steel output. 

However. China's per capi- 
ta production is only 46 
kilogrammes per year com- 
pared with the world average 
of about 150 kilogrammes. 

Iron and steel productfon 

has been stressed by Chinese 
leaders as being a vital compo- 
nent of the country’s dnye 10 
modernize its industries. 




Aroentlna BustraC 1.3*46-1.3475 Ireland .. 

AuXacWtor £3393-23436 Snpacore 

Greece draoma 206 . 0 - 208.0 Norway 

fiS*==sw« ESR= 

tSmSSm^STZ KT 05 

5te?SKdoUar 2.7880^8004 Italy — 

& ASSaJ— ~ 5.5930-5.6330 BelghmrTComm) ; 

s£S«redo2ff 32507-32BU Ho^Kong 

SAttfMHZ S™** 

U K E dfttiam — 5.4730-53130 Spaa^. 

’UovOsBank Ausma 1"" 

Rates supplied by Barclays Bar* HOFEX and E»t*<. 

,. 13810-1.3840 
. 2.1840-2.1850 
. 23600-26700 

- 06375-0.6382 
.. 13771-13776 
. 7.0550-76600 

. 86460-86500 
. 2.148541495 
. 1.7385-1.7400 
. 63450-63500 
. 157,10-157.20 
. 14746-14766 

— 44304434 
. 73125-73130 
. 14860-149.10 




Base Ratos ^ HA 
Cteamig Ban's 10 . . 

Finance House 10 

Discount Martial Loans 
Overnight Hign: 10 fe Lxwfl 
Waek ftwtt 10-flft 

TtoBSuryBflte {Discount'*) 

3 nmtti 9K 3mnmW 

3 mnth 9"i»-9% 6nmth 9JV-9’'# 


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7 days 

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ma WestmmstB'i — — 
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IML* The following have 
joined the main board: Mr 
Derek Moore, franchise direc- 
tor. Mr Terry Hales, retail 
commercial director. Mr John 
Gordon-Sroith. operations di- 
rector. and Mr Ian Taylor, 
commercial director. 

Commonwealth Develop- 
ment Finance Company: Mr 
Anthony Chari wood has be- 
come managing director. Mr 
Charles Hobbs and Mr Mi- 
chael Banks are deputy man- 
aging directors. Mr Jon 
Supran has also been elected 
to the board. 


Fashion’s new boutiques 

John Scott: director at PA 

PA Management Consul- 
tant Mr John Scott has been 
made a director of its public 
sector and defence market 
sector group. 

The Gieves Group: Mr 
David Love is now a director. 

Jardine Insurance Brokers 
Group: Mr Robert Emett and 
Mr Richard Archer have 
joined ihe board. Mr Emeu's 
post is non-executive. 

Britannia Gas: Mr Rex 
Bradshaw has been made sales 

Thomas Cook Group: Mr 
Brian Donnelly has become 
regional director for overseas 

Monk Dunstone Associates: 
Mr Gordon Ed worthy has 
taken over as managing direc- 

If you are looking forward 
to a cosy new life within the 
portals "of one of the new 
financial conglomerates — 
skip this article. A consider- 
able body of opinion thinks 
many of you are not going to 
be staying long. 

Walter Scott Of Walter 
Scott and Partners, a small 
independent fund manage- 
ment company. savsTA lot of 
people have not fully taken 
on board intellectually what 
it takes to work for one of 
these targe organizations.” 

He set up the company 
three and a half -years ago 
alter his much-publicized de- 
parture from Ivory and Sime. 
the Edinburgh fund 

Mr Scon and his fellow 
directors now have about 
£450 million under manage- 
ment and a staff of 15, which 
they are committed to keep- 
ing small. Although realizing 
that he would be appreciably 
richer had he stayed at Ivory 
and Sime, he has no regrets. 

“! enjoy investment man- 
agement and all the things 
associated with it. Latterly, as 
a main board director at 
Ivoiy and Sime. I was spend- 
ing an increasing amount of 
the day on things that had 
nothing to do with invest- 
ment management," he says. 

"I do not have to get 
involved in arguments about 
salaries for people I know 
nothing about other than 
what other people have told 
me or about what titles 
people should have,” he says. 

The assumption that big is 
belter, more beautiful and 
more likely to survive has 
underpinned the growth in 
conglomerates over the past 
four years. Those that have 
emerged represent the con- 
centration of a number of, 
often previously discreet, fi- 
nancial services under one 

Their antithesis is the 

-boutique” - the small finan- 
cial operation specializing in 
providing a single financial 
service. This service might be 
fund management, broking 
services, or of a more special- 
ist nature such as arbitrage or 
inter dealer broking. 

There is reason to suggest 
that there will be a consider- 
able growth in the number of 
boutiques once the dust has 
settled after negotiated com- 
missions come in on October 
27. the day of the big bang. 

Many people may not psy- 
chologically adjust to life in a 
conglomerate and seek out 
the independence, flexibility 
and lade of bureucracy of- 

subsided there was an in- 
crease in boutiques in Ameri- 
ca specializing in niche areas 
such as arbitrage, or particu- 
lar markets, like over the 

Moreover, a lot of purely 
fee-based fund management 
boutiques were set up by 
high-flyers in the broking 

Boutiques have yet to catch 
on m the British securities 
markets, but the signs are that 
the spark that exists here is 
about to ignite. 

Pat Bam ford of the inde- 
pendent fund management 
boutique of Bamford Brandt 
considers that technological 

Types of work below a certain 
value axe not cost-effective 
any longer, say large institutions 

fered by the boutique. Some 
will simply wait for the 
deferred payments promised 
in return for the equity they 
sold before getting oul And 
others will be kicked out 
when the returns do not 

There is evidence from the 
United Stales to suggest that 
this will be the case even 
though May l 1975, the day 
negotiated commissions were 
introduced, initially proved 
traumatic for the research 
boutiques in operation. 

These were the small bro- 
kerage houses which market- 
ed their broking services on 
the back of their often excel- 
lent research. 

John Mendelson, the Wall 
Street guru who ran a re- 
search boutique for six years, 
says: "Negotiated rates saw 
my revenue drop 50 per cent 
overnight. The research bou- 
tiques could not compete on 
commissions with the large 
houses. And they did not 
have enough capital to take 
stock on their own books. 

Once the shock waves had 

advances will facilitate the 
growth of boutiques. He says: 
“The back office is as impor- 
tant as the front office. We 
can do things now which used 
to take 1 50 employees to do.” 

With his fellow directors. 
Denis Brandt and Andrew 
Bell, he manages $110 mil- 
lion (£73 million) of funds, 
on a discretionary basis, 
mainly for US pension funds. 

He consider s that fund 
management is "a people 
business," and that relation- 
ships between fund manager 
and investor will often tran- 
scend the institutions they 
work for. Certainly, Mr Scott, 
benefited from this. After he 
left Ivory and Sime about 
£150 million of funds which 
he had managed as head of 
the pension fund department 
joined him. 

However, there is a reluc- 
tance. particularly on the pan 
of pension fund consultants, 
to recommend small fund 
management firms which 
have no record. Bamford 
Brandt, for instance, has been 
going only since 1 982 and has 

not managed to la> us hands 
on Bnii5h pension fond 

Another reason why fond 
management and other sorts 
of boutique may flourish is 
that the large institutions 
even now are finding that 
certain types of work and 
transactions below a certain 
size arc not cost-effective. 

A story doing the rounds 
concerns a broking firm tell- 
ing a pension fond client that 
it is not worth us while 
managing the £40 million of 
funds it has given the broker 
to look after. 

Tony Minns of MWP 
Minns and Kutoe saysrl 
think the big institutions will 
get bigger and this will lead to 
a remarkably high cm-off 
area. The big people could 
not generally do £10 million 
deals economically." . 

MWP provides services 
aimed mainly at the manage- 
ment of companies and spe- 
cializes m advising on and 
devising share schemes as 
well as providing more gener- 
al tax advice. Corporate fi- 
nance is a new arm it has 

Although small in terms of 
manpower three large institu- 
tions have a 75 percent stake. 1 
one of them Morgan 

It also illustrates another 
reason why boutiques do 
well. Providing a niche ser- 
vice. le share schemes, means 
that large companies avail 
themselves of its services as 
well as small. 

First Equity, although hav- 
ing ambitions to grow large, is 
at the moment aiming to 
provide a niche operation for 
the benefit of market makers. 
As an inter-dealer broker in 
equities, it will allow the 
market makers to unwind 
and to create positions with 
each other in blissful 

Lawrence Lever 



Enmisrin*» money to an investment management company is a 
decision which no investor, institutional or individual, takes lighriv 
It s entrusted to Gnrtmore because . . . 

We are independent. 

We do nor act as marker makers, nor do we provide corporate 
finance advice - each investment decision is made impartially, based on rite 
intrinsic merits of the proposition. There are no conflicting considerations. 
We deliver real investment performance. 

Our unit trusts, pension funds and investment misrs feature ^ 
regularly in the ropquarrile of their various sectors. ‘What Investment' 
named us Fund Manager of the Year tor 1985 and in Hon« Kong, the ‘South 
China Morning Post paid us the same compliment. 

Pension Funds need dedicated 

Our managers always seek the best 
investment profile for each pension fund 
under management, producing consistency 
over the long term - the true perspective 
for pension funds. The Gartmore 
median is well into the top quarrile of 


m I, >Trn% nrr 

the WM Company performance survey 
over rhe last one, three and five years. 

We are global in our 

Gartmore has always been 
committed ro providing truly 
international investment management. 

Today we offer a range of 21 authorised 
unit trusts, which invest in all rhe major 
markers of the world. There are Gartmore 
investment offices in rhe l IK, Japan, L ] SA 
and Hong Kong, employing a wealth of 
local expertise and experience. 

We are long established. 

Our predecessors were among the £Z Z BILLION UNDER 

first investment management houses to offer 6B0UP MANAGEMENT 

international equity investments in the shape of investment trusts. 

Tbday Gartmore manages £673 million in nine highly successful investment 

We are imaginative. . , . 

Gartmore ’s innovative approach ro intemarional investment ltji to 
the launch of the jersey^based Capital Strategy Fund Limited in May 1984 - 
the first open-ended “umbrella" company to provide investors with equity 
specialised and currency deposit sub- funds, trading daily at net asset value. 

It has attracted investors from more than 50 countries and its performance 
has been impressive. Assets now exceed USS 200 million. 

The reward? _ .. . , . , 

Consistent investment performance. For all investors, the only real 

measure of success. , C r i 3 

For further information on Gartmore s wide range of funds and 
services, please contact Angela Campbell on (01) 623 1212 or wnte to her at 
2 St. Mary Axe, London Ec3A 8BR 




Capitalization and week’s change 


dailv prize money slated- If you are a 
winner follow the dairo procedure on the 
bade of your card. Yob must always have 
your card available when daitning. 

(Current market price multiplied by the number ofshares in issue for the stock quoted) .. 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began last Monday. Dealings end on Friday. §Contango day next Monday. Settlement day August 4. 

§Forward bargains ace permitted on two previous business days.. 



f 12,000 . 

Qaims required for M 
+47 points .f 

Claimants should ring 025+53272 

Gain or 

No. Compsoy 



Estates Gen 

Park Foods 



Industrials A-D 






Industrials L-R 

Miller (Sanity) 

n-irr r 

Eg pif ESS 


I Lm, 1 



Woodbcad (Jonas) 




i iff rffiipirW;g»j i 


Huichsn Whampoa 

Please be sore to take account . 
of any mines signs 


Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 


25 95 

129 69 

13.0 99 

102 9.8 

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45.5a AMngwortfi 
625m AKkan Hum 
909m Amotagasa 

Bartmr Tadi 

46.8a CtNM 
16.1m Gkmjoww 

1206.000 Ganrowoy 
6780000 Eawy 6 Gan 
35 On heqr 6 Sana 

489m MaMie 
42.7m MriHoms Loans 

42.7m Mai Homs I 
449a Do BX 
51.6m Newmarta 

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Family of Arts. 

‘ BA 

Combined Studies 

^^Spccial Mmi m Computing 

“ MUhenwKs 

Degrees at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne 

Cftt* 2 (OMmi Oil j Cartn- j 
courmw; fl j Kaye. s M SSSfik b 

Obi x D Leach. 

French xml Spanish 

CttR a (On IJ: A E Sailer. 
Geography . 

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W* Q»p R Dtafem: j a 
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Fine Art 

Ctatt 1; D Alkhnwi: N M Badby: 5 C 

Ctw 3 (DM Os C L AftbaiL K J 
Chmabioiwh. C CuHlMlwd: F J 
Oarauure: M Dobson: A F Downer. H 
W cun. L C Hicks; J A Kemp: N C 

McBuran- u n mumar. 

Ctau 3 (Dtu H); L R Adam. 


Ctau l: P A Hunt: J D Kelly. 

CMi j tour m N A Cora Non p w 
nimmoch: D J Kelly: C F Maxtod: D J 

Kunn. C M Harm S J Ku; J L 
i rwm 

CUM X V P Orrrtl. 

Qnmaiy MpK V L Bourne 

PXrt 117 BEng 
Marine Engineering 

Clau is E. Nomikos. j l Rauraon 

can 9 ton lift P H Brhnaw: s j 
Houller. p •» Cannon: L H Hopwooo. c 

McCveov. j b Nunw H M Ratmden: 

M nmripy: D J Rushton 

Surveying Science 
Clau I: M smn 

CUSS 3 (Dte D-D L Halrouv^. S C 
HoUinou-orih. Ml lMir. I R MtUtf. D 

£j£rlP^Dw l B>- A*Anlonudes. C D 
RontL □ Montoudi*. T h Nachotwn. 
Can X M v Gnazau. a j Yipend. 

5 fftSSh ? A J lE gSL? 


s!S M^F^aaneman. M T 

L MarehanL c J Marvell: K C Miller. 
A J Pitkin: A Ronton; R J Snaw: 

A J Pltkirc A Rotaton: I 
Architectoral Stndies 

M neviHey: D J Rushlon 

Claw t (Mr II): M C Broilstard: C 

Sinner an w Lyiouo: G A Rawiimon. 

R M mm. M L Syk«: R l» walker: 1 j 

webupf. N J wemur. J M wuoe. K J 


Crrr»d C P LiiMon. C J Mason: H M 

Rut ley. D M AUvne. C M VveOb. 

caul rot* II): s R Bird. R m Amung: 
UJL Rm- C J D a BtHiwnnu. 

St ^fiSLflS?TOdS Fk 

Clau II j L Matthews: S C Menin: M 
w Milton 

CM* x i P Dyer M L C Kane: c A 

HrtMieM. T J ward. 

MEhS« S S S h »0*m: J 

J a pTk r ‘ ^ chrhtm. m a r vOOber: 

Foil C a HarmrA 

Ctau i Con Oi J Barrow; j M Cawie; 

PRC SK-vcns 

smotieM. T J Ward. 

Comparing Science 

Ctau X K B Rosrll. B C Malabi. P 

Ordunry Dime m j h Torn ton. 

ctus j (dw km r s Addenbrook: rc 
Bauey. KP Ettont: J S GohtxHL J P 
Grainger: H I U: A S MarOonaM: G P 
McGuuy: cow Paw. C C Pearson: A 
K A :ndte: S J RKKmtwn; A K C Yip 
P»> Decree: C F CooandpK L Memu 

Ctau lijD Hou 

Ctau 3 (DW III R 3 BjmtTofl: J K 

cans u ASaeed. M G saw, 

Clra 1 (pk l)i C C R CXiol: P 
Halnane- C P Memman: E A Scon. K 

C K RuTDwman; Nj 
S MCmieU: 
Pj FJCwk: B a 
pututan: G 
A Falconer 
J P 


C J tones: E a 

Jones: j 

* D c Hughes. 


* Disunction in Oral German. 

Clau l: K R Schotry 

^lTO^ SCHand!,CAPMtt - 

Halnanr- C P Memman: E A Scot!, K 
suntus. m a siokrr. C J R stout- c w 



Class I; vc Lvon 

ClWS 2 (Dm ns J D Uaver: J A 
Pdimenier: K Richard*. R □ Stork, p 
J wail _ 

Ctau 2 COM 11)1 D P Cowen: C N 
JohnMin; M C Lmnetl, D A Thomas. B 

t v Tsana: F Y Tuna 

Ctau X A R Bnm; D TM CMMIW M 

Ctau 2 (Dw H): A n Blake: n Davey. P 
jeniN-k j H StcMULin. R Moms H J 

R CillesMe: D A HurreU: N H Kim: T 
C Lee. a j phniipv: R H Reeve: S C 
Ruitev: N R Spencer. 

Onknaty Degree: K w Ho. C H-F MW- 

Ctus 1 (DWQtR J BancroR: J k’ 
Boom: DL Brvan: M A llllmwotth: D 

SSSJ.SRJl-’ A L Gowta: c V 
"Jt A HuteMiwon: 


E***': Cum: - E A Hutch 

I, M h*dU4i: A M NcIH: 

W^2? n: «■ C Want: * R 

Wardtey. c E WUr|£oE Hfr wSof 

Ctau .2 rn» K): C E B 
Onjuav: C^CotnerT P o 

Ancient History 
g— * »M WMkhtM. 

^^5“* O: M CMcheshle: J s 

Ancient History and 

g«P is M D Gouino 


S5Wt R V Brak ««^ B E F 
Vlfflp 1 EHWard: 

P E o 8a £SSSi S ^ 

S L Prtce: A 

W» * S J camo- j E Henderson. 

Biblical Stndies 

Otn-f: None. 

»u.l (DW ty. None. 

K): H R Bates: H O 

Ctus X R s H Savage. 

ClasacaJ Studies 
Ctau 1: None. 

g ga.g 0>W Os S McAfinden: K L 

Oft 2 mw II): L E Carter: S E 

Col men .C J R Drew; j Jones. 

Ctu* X'n A Pllmer. 


Pass Dtcm: J L Rtchmontl. 

German and Danish 

Class 2 (Dlv U): V A Jobes; A S 

German and English Language 

Class 3 (DW H)i H E Drew. 
German and Norwegian 
dec* x. (DW Qj BT sanity. 
German and Swedish 
* Distinction in Oral German 

t&firppr i n ^2sl. s ” , « lish 

Qw 2 COM Or None. 

Sw» vr 0 * 1 " ** * E A HorsfUHl,: J A 


Put it None. 

Cttas .7 oai» I): J Booth: S V Brown: J 

C Lawrenre: I W Luca*: C D Mason 

Jones: V G Pearson 

Ctau 2 (DW H): S AM Samad: P J 

Farmer. & C Hirst: R L. Howe: R H 

Pointer; C P Terry: A wuiunsan 


Town and Country Fteaning 

Ctau 1: j P L BoKhelor 

CUszX D Si J Barlow: L C Carter. A E 

Edwards: D GUurr: T A HOMen: J 

Leslie: N REOd: b M Taylor. M W 


Ctau 3 (DM ms d J Cuaadv; S C 
Donaanur: I C Greaves; S m Gunn: J 

R Holmes: M a McGuire: c 



Mould: S R ThomOer. 

Faculty of Engmeering 
Part III BEng 
Civil Engineering 

Ctau 1: M N J CDruno: S L CWa: KM 

ClN* 3 (DM 1)1 E C M Bain. C E 
Jones: J t KOMier. M 6 Long. 
Bui 3 (DM R>: C A Marlcy: M 

Ltm. DW Mason. H W Suiv N C Yu. 
OaU 2 (Dw I): P Barrv: w r> Cnan w 
K cnui T M Htu. c C Leung. S F 
Loivi K r Pju sc War. C Wilkinson 

Ctau X M C Alherlon: T J Flmt. 
OntauiY Oncrwc G w S waltan. 


Ctau 2 (DM Q:GK Evans, w M Moat: 
P j Waldm. 

Ctau 7 (DM 0): P A Ctallow: S J 
Coalvworih: C A H DHdet: A S 
ragiruonr: A J Rawnmon. 

Otttmary Degree S M Bunsoo. 


Ctau 2 (DM u>-.b AMMS: LS um: B C. 
Nynren- G R Soekaiingam; s L Tana: 
H V J Tuna. C W worn N T Wood. 
Ctau X s A Alii, c I Rommon: I T 

Rogers, pc Tsana. H C wong. 
Ordinary D«(rac v l Chan: AGP 

Part »I BSc 

Civil Engineering 

Ctau I: None 

cau 2 (DM n A Baumann. D A 
Branma. P Hodgson. P A HuckS. S M 
Render. G Rice. T K Tung. P □ 

Ctau 2 (DM IT) T Burgess. S H 
Crampin. A R Jettrrv. P N Larsen. A 
J Morns. MS J Nectd. T PresleganL 
W S Wardle 

Ctau X s B Jones. £ Kail hov dr. G A 

Ordinary Degree; L C Edwards 

Landscape Design 

Ctau U None. 

Ctau 1: j M M Green. 

. _j 2 (Dm l): I F camvoeu: L P 
Clark: TR Hawley: G N Hudson: G D 
Rllrhie. R A Rownliee. G N Truer 

Hu 2 (DM Di M G HotUday: A C 

teWndeM; s D tamDert J N Lamond: 
K M McCUrm: P Rtsmngale: M C 
Ryan: G C StentiensomP Stokec 

Ou^rftWi it): R M Pry: A D Unfom: 

Ctau X K G U ilnosl on 

Facntty of Science 
BSc is Science 

Cowl DuM: C D Banks: R M Bell: S 
J Boyief nT E Brennan: I F C carim: I 
Domy: C J Dotd: P J Oxer. « A 
FretwHI: A I Goujden: J A Gray: K N 
Handley.- J Hamon; D T Herron: M » 
Lee. J Lister: J Mansfield: A J May; M 
L Milling: O D Moomousc: K M E 

Ctau 3 (DM U)I P M Banks. A BHLmivv 
J M Brook: P D Coulon: A R 
Davidson: N Feervr a J Galilee. J T 
Henry. N A McMillan: M Redmond: R 

A YounotT. 

Ctau X R J Dales: T J Dowson: S 
Mains worm 

Part III BSc 
Marine Eogtneering 

Ordi na ry Dagnic R A MacKinnon. H P 
j Maugtian. 

Put 111 BEog 
Marine Engineering 
O n ttMi y Oasmr ETF Kiruman. M l 

Part III BSc 
Mechanical Engineering 

Clau R P S Coding. R C gul i a Cot- 
iteKi. I Lovell, J c Nield. RAM SnHUi. 
CWU 2 (U« ,1): M Allum. R 

GoodfeUow. f J S Haboood. ft M 

Jackson- t s Man. a g Suier. r i f 
W ood. A Wynne 

Ctau 3 (DW H)- M J Baker. A D Bates. 
A SariKufe. P C SJoor. p Bruckner, p 
D CroiL RAF Holland. D W R 
Jrtlery. C P Jo nev n j luk. a 
M avroudM. J NlChoUv. D A Palcheu. 
G Paterson. I Ptulipscm. JM1 Sate. □ 
M Sierwaid. N F soul/irrn. P s 

Clau 3: P J Carr. R J Crawsnaw. E M 
cauxMon. J L FewtrHI, S J Harvey. A 
HtorthT R 5 Newton. M Stinaker. L K 
s Yraw. 

Put ITT BEng 
Mechanical Engineering 

j C Lrvefon 

Part II BSc 
Chemical Engineering 
Ctau X M J BHHallam 
Ctau 2 (DW 11: C A Lee. R A Storm, j 
W_ Slncklano S P Turnry 
Ctau 3 (Div in: j s A Brown. M m 
B rown, a J Finn. R J Kidd. K C 
Murray. L sawn. 1 ZoHnwr 
Chorley. A H GeMart. L Kamiot. G W 
Pay iv. K A L beagrrs. M S Senior 

Part III BEng 
Chemical Engineering 

Is N K Starry 
3 (DM Q- A J Braaa. p EUertiy. 
LyoncUe. A P P SkMbury. 

Clau 2 (Dw IT)' R jonev & Pall uni. ft 
H Rownliee. M Sallch. D Salmon, a J 
Tow nd row 

Ctau X C Ackroyd. M S Maguire. P N 

Faculty of Agricaltnre 


Ctau ft S E Furr; J P WilkM 

Ctau 2 raw D:RK Banka: D Cvison-. 
T r Fawom.- A R.Carrod: M r 

Clau l: J Cheung.K L C Cheirno. W K 
Lee. VC 14 A K Tan. C L Teo 
Ctau 3 (DW IX Y L A Fu A P 
hharkey. D J Shepherd. C K Tam. S F 


. - . Fawcrtf. A R Oarrod: M r 
Cninih: A J HooenXt: W J E Kem M 
Llnkteter P F Miuen R J Newton: R J 
Race: ft J Pearson: C D Phoenix. P H 
Rhodes: P □ Rylotl: G N Sergeant. M 
P WUUamson. G M Wright. 

Ctau 2 (Dw IDi A K Atkinson: J H 
Burl let l . j C CajMiicfc: w p craven: R 
J CunOUl. P K Oawon: J P Dun; R J 
H Fisk*: C I Forster. N R A Gray; j j 
Hanson: J Hornxjr. W J Laws: A J 
Lmie: V c Lusby: R j Nvhobon: J E 
Pans. A A QuuyW: SAM RiOttV: A 
scaunn c E Sam: D T A Turiihod. 
Ctau X R A Bolt: A R J Cywr. 

Soil and Land Resource Science 

Ctau 2 (DW OX None 
CUss X HCS Evans. N k 

Ctau 2 (DW nt j n Fannairn: C F 
Grainorr. c P unnural; V J Juneman: 

> Evans N k' Kwang. P L-Y 

part OI BSC 

rainore . C P Itmtural; V J Juneman: 

Ctau 2 (DW D); M Bellumv; R S 
Ctuplow: Z J F Morrtson- 
Ctta X S B Sokotela. 

Geophysics and Planetary 

Ctau ft R J Crantree: j w Leavey: C A 
Smith: P VKkera. 

Ctau 2 raw I): S L rarrant: H A 
Hanley: s» R Heaney: S D Lloyd: U F 

Mormon: K A Oaundpr; M D om c 
W 8 Parry i Level l Mochemtsuy 
oobmI al _ level Pi: M Price; A J 

“ uNwore, u n w rnunucw: it iva 

O'Drttcon: p Rem; ft © WhWdon: j 


Ctau X N D Bywaien T A Smlih. 

Latin American Studies 

^OtvmvcnQn in Oral Portuguese 
&&P? C R 

al level Pj: M Price; A J 

y. B L SttmUK S M Tucker; K 

A Waller: A D Windsor: S K Yeuno: K 
M Vong; S J Voules: J Dobson. 
Geology (Level ink S J Johnson. 
Genetic* llnrl ID): M lonoson. 
Computing Science (Level n & 3 jhk 
m p RatiMbury. Geounyucs ft Plan- 

OrSnxry’oiS«iK J S > ‘ J Harnett: ft J 
Hudson: p V Hurley. 

Ctau 2 (DM H): H M BeekeiU S M 
Cowood: G R Haliam: C j Harlow. T 
B Haziem: s D Ledstiam: J M 


Ctau X A S Butcher: E J Cawley; H P 
Clancy, a T Durrani; p H Easton: S A 

Onunary Dagran: N t Selwood. 

Ctau t: None. 

Ctatt 2 (DW I): K M Swill: D M Welsh. 
Ctau 2 (Dtatson IQ; p c Tatum. 

Spanish with French 

Hudson: p v Hurley. 

Joint Honours BSc 

Clau It C M Corke. (Economics & 

Marine Biology 
Ctau ft rjn Mlliwara. 
««n 2 (Dhr i): s on 

N rrr.ll “ :r 

a suuertsU 

__ . G Andre. (Geography. 
Survryi no Science): A Fox (Econom- 
ics. MainrmaUcs.SuUsucsi: a Y 
Harshak. i Economica ft Gomouiing 
Selene ei: m L Kirkman. (Economics. 
MMlwcnaucs/StausUcs): K L G So. 
(Computing Science. 

Ma i heiruuirs'SUUsUo). 

Ctau 2 (DM H)i D M Birncy. 
(Computing Science. 

MatlteRiaucs/SUMsUcst: ft N Coded. 
(Computing Science. Surveying Sci- 
ence!; k B Davies. (Economics. 
MaihemaUrs/SUitttUcs): C M Dergan. 
IBtechrnustry. Genetics); r Cotemuy. 

CtaurNSS..*" °™ 

Ctau 3 (DW giixp Austin: ” P Drury. 

Ctau 2 fl>hf It); C A Leaning: C 
Ragan: ML Turner. 


Ctau f: None 

Ctau 2 cot* I): R a Honeyman 

Matthews: F c Johnson 

Gknu 2 (DW H): M L Adams: L A 

Hinch: D J Hyndman: C M«lor 

Ctau X S C Yeoti 


Ctau ft t Magor 

Ctau 3 (DW I): j E Bourne: K R Cox: 
G ft Hickman: C M Johnson: k a 
J ones: G Malcolm 

S^^SiJS WAna «»“ AJ 

Economics and Geography 

Ctau 2 (Dtatam II): D H Butler. 

Engfish Language 

Ctau ft J TlndaO 
Ctau 2 (DW 0: None. 

English Langnage and 

CUs* 2 COM I): s Culling: s C J 
Gird hill- K Hoare: J M G MacGregory: 
M A Myers Allen: M D Simmons. 
Ctau 1 (DM |I):U Fairhrau: N 8 
Hlncfilirfe: S G M Holder. E F 
Kav anagh: M A Nelson: J P NuttaU: L 


Ctau ft I Anderson: A J Bmrn J M 
Birch: A D Fox: E GUmour: □ J 

Hod km: CM Hamby; H P Wolfe. 
Ctau 2 (DM D: I C Bertram: A P 
Caidcrbank: BKL Chu: G Ferry. M S 

Fomst P C McHugh: J A MtNianee; 
T D Morgan: M J ftratl: R A Susan. 
Ctau 7 fffiv M): 1 Aopiegarth: R J E 
Baxter: P A Brass: T L Cad man. L 
Cu ratio: A G Femander. P J Finch: C 
A Gariy. P R Hedley: D K Sellers: G 
SmiUi; C M WIUM&. 

Coil X S Caolan. p T Crow, t A 
Edwards; F C Lockerbie: P Parkin: P 
J Shaw. _ 

Ordinary Dogma: R j Hegarty: H K 

CttU is ft J Newby; H S -Woodflehf. 

Ctatt 3 (DW IDs S 8 Addison: D A 
Behrens; D ft m Hononu M J 

»~ew"3 ODW l):HM Boden: N K J Gan- 
der: T Pjayeoclc s McArthur: JEW 
Norton. A Stuttam. 

Clan 2 (DW n.-RM Ailken: A P Bird: 
E Davies: a Duncan: P C Finch: L c 
Globe: C Hawtoigg: SJ Htggtson: K M 
Matthews: S B Strickland: A B 
Watklmhaw: j M Woodward. 

Ctau X S A Harwood: H A MeUor. 

English Litentnre 

Ctau- 1: None. 

Ctau 3 (DW l>s J E Athlon: E L 
Blackburn: K A Bonney: M D Booth- 
CKbbonftE L Bryan; P R Cullrn: M j 

R G Pvarsok S F Podro; c A Storey. 
C Swain; R.J Tyler. . 

Ctau 2 (DW ms L H Bennett: D J 
Bousiead: C A Gartwrighl: A C Day: V 
L Howard: C J HuntenJ L Johnson: M 
Munrford: A Patttnson: N C Reynard: 

J A Stevenson: S J Tyler: j F Walhag: 
H M Weetman. s A Young. 

English Li te r ature and Latin 
Ctau 2 (DW 1)1 F R Brown. 
English Literature and 

ffy* fs None. 

Ctau 2 (DM I): S E C Rayson: EAL 

Ctau * (DW OJs K R Maes. 


■ Dfcshnctton. |n Oral FTepCh . . 

nm ^ KlMU. • !*•- -*• - • 

Behrens; D ft M Hononu 

Ctau X D A Oliver 
Philosophy and Politics 
Clau 1: None. 

2 (DW 1)1 N A Elbort -Cannon 

3 (DW ID: A R M CusMey 

G M Graham- i computing Science. 
MaUwmaucs/SiansucsL P R Ham* 
mond. (Com puling Science. 
MamemaUcv/Suujsncsi: C A Jones: 
{Computing Science. 

Matnemaltcs/Stausucs): R J Lowe. 
iCompuling Science 

Malhemancs/Siauulcsr. D m Newton. 
(Compuung Science. Physical: C M 
Spencer. (Compuung Science.* 
ttahniuiin ■ « WMi™ 

Part m MEng 
Civil Engineering 

M P Jones 

Part rv MEng 
Civil Engineering 

Ctau 2 (Dor DiTF Chan. J N oahey. 

Part III BSc 

Civil and Environmental 

Ctau 2 (DM ID: N Chapman. 

Part hi BEng 

Civil and Environmental 


Ctau 1; T H C Kvtonq 

22? I Ui s p Coh 
CPu 2 (DM R): None. 

Clara X w Chow. 

Panin BSc 

Electrical and Electronic 

Ctau I: I E Dawson. P N Mason. D C 
Moore. S B Shaw. 

Ctau 2 (DM D: O M Burke. I Camnetl. 
D A Garnett. S D Jeffery. S D King, c 
M Tunon, N rj Turn. 

CtaU 2 (DM 10: H P B Balden, A 
Buqqe. M J Gradate. C Mason. D J 
Nabb. D R Pegier. G Swift. G A 
Taylor. M 1 Thompson 
Clau X M G Ralph. K Spooner. 

Part Ilf BEng 

Electrical and Electronic 

Ctau ft N P C Barnard. M P 

O nkna ty 


W Anderson. K £ 

Agricultural Biochemistry and 

Put til BSc 

Ctau 2 (DW DiEJ Atkinson: G K 
colbnoion ; A M Ollmpy: VAC 
H ipgins, S Hope: K M M MathBom J 

it PA BnHK. J ft GodNnarii 
Ctau 2 (DM D. : J S Barnrs 
Ctau 2 (DW m: A J Grdfittn. N D 
Harmon. F ft TMacL ean 
Ctau X M D Turner 

Ctau 2 (Dm H)i J A Arnold: S A 
Carru (ners: G C E Caswell: T D 

Robson: & M Wen*. 

Ctau i R M Gaskell: N E Sweeney. 
Pus Decree W j Plumb. 

Part ni of BEng 

s&ssm- M A Spence. 

Part U1 BSc 

Science of Engioeering 

Ctau 2 (DM Ift K R Cropper 
Clan 1 (Dw 0); l ft Bow ley P Cosle.C 
P cncWrison. C P Jones. J E Oraenon 
Ctol M P Care. SLA Hewitt 

Part III BEng 

Science of Engineering 

Agricultural Zoology 

Ctau 1: C J Topping. 

Ctau 3 (DM 0: P Black: 8 J Cockrean: 
PGM Hlland: S J Machin: L B 
Mr K cover: R L Southern: M R 
vv'orDUrton: M D WalWns. 

Ctau r (DM IQ: T R C KunmtRK J B 


Plant Science 

OraTftai 0: R J Oitrofl 

Ctau 2 COM l>: M w Davteft D L 
Edwards: J R Mason: A J Park: K B 
Rider, h D Smith; H L weslon. 
Ctau X J E N El Holl. 

Agricnlteral and Food 

Mathematics and Statistics 

Ctau l: C A Hotgate: A J Lewis. 

Ctau 7 raw hM S Btenktnsop: P D 
Ctarke: C I Hornsby: J E Meihereit 
Ctau 2 (DW JIT: C E Grvmafl. E A 

Brammer. M A Brass 

Clau 2 (DM I): A L Barer. M W 

Green. S Gudvangrn. J N Marshman. 

can 2 (DW NT: C E Gremall; C A 
Kazmuerczyk: S E Orford: J R RusseU 
Ctau x L Cormsh: C j Kelly: A L Lee: 
D G Martin: L H Wilson. 


Green. S Gudvangen. J N Marshman. 
P J Pollard. K J Rilev. 

Ctau 2 (Dw IQ: R J P Barber. L T 
Cue MOn. D A Dodds. A M Dowta. J A 
Downes. R Gokbauk. T Hammer, D J 

Part III for single and double 
BSc and BEng 

Science of Engioeering 


A w Johnston 

Part IH BSc 

Science of Engineering 


Ordinary Dagrm: A MeCadden 

Part III BEng 
Mining Engineering 
Ctau i; A J Thompson. _ . 

Ctau 2 cbtv n: M D Blundy: S 
Bradley: CM A Brown: E M CouUnan: 

l-CCBrlRCE Davies: A J Dyson: J O 
Glass: S Lewis: E Reeve: N M 
Ronton*, p Av enables. 

Ctau 2 raw 0): k Agnew: M J N 
Andrew: E A Baber. NEH Barron: M 
L Barren o: A J BcUlnorr: & c Blndina 
R A Blacketr. B M SSoylan: M R 

Brooksbank: P J FairhUTSt: D M 
KrtghUry: A W Kempen: C E Roberta: 
R J Sands: E A Sheldon: F E 
Ti-aquair: D S Erwin: K J While: A M 
W right ; a M Youngmari. 

Ctau X A G McNulty: L L No. L P No. 
N A Proctor. 

Agricultural Economics 

Clau 2 (Dtv l):MLG Beesley. R M 
Howe. P R Johnston. J N Rogers. M J 

Chl?? ,t (pM ms T B D BtaSdale. p K 
Brooks. C T Buraev:. D JCOrtk. S 
F Cupper. R J Evans. J H K Human. 
D J ingall. A D Kirby. T M Monk. R P 

Ctau I: L J Shaxson. 

CttU 2 (DW I): L F Dean; A G Hay: T 
A Uoyd: J R S McDonald: A B 
Mitch oil: G R C Stevenson: D S 
Taylor: D J Webster. 

Philosophy and Religions 

Ctau X S J Whittaker 

Politics and History 

Ctau 1: None. 

Carless. [Computing Science 
Mathematics /Statistics): K W Hogg. 
iCompuling _ Science. 

Maihemaacs/ Statistics): G J Long. 
(Computing Science. 

Mathemallcs.'Slaiistlcs): A R 
Muliarkew. (Computing Science. 
Mathemattcs/StaUsUcs): A Shield, 
i Mathematics /Statistics, pnysksi; J 
Walker. (Btochemtatry. Genetics): R I 
WniKleld. (Computing Science. 
Surveying Sriencec J P wiimore. 
(Compuung __ Science. 

Mathcmaucs / Stausbu). 

Ordinary Decree: D J Taylor. (Comput- 
ing Science. Mathematics /StaUsMcsj. 

Ctau 2 row Q: P A Carey: P F 
Hamon: C J Parkin: A J Penhale: A D 
Slack: D J W Totson; c J Towle 

Ctus 2 (DW IQ: H Boast: A K L 

Gollrtw: T B Magnowska: E R 
Ralcllftfc K T PStaftord: B J 

Ctau ft L Mctnnes 
Ctus 1 (DM )); D K Broome: A J 
Hunter J E Jones: C A Nelson: S E 
Pa ton: IK H Sampson 

Ctau 2 (0M Qi J C Grisenthwaiic: M A 
Searles. _ 

Ctau 2 (OW IT): A J Coker. M F 

iE^koLW saus. 

Ctau X T Hotel 

Ctau ft i D Muton. 

Ctau 2 (DW l)s B H Ctanue: S Dutlon: 
D j Harrington: E A Phllllpson. P N 

Ctau 2 (DM IQ: L AUdnson: C Bum: K 
L Thomas. 

Ctau X N a Staples. 


Clau ft A J suns: J R A Underwood, 

Clau X M Jailer. W L Lee. 

Partin BSc 

Electrical and Electronic 
A C Walker- Amoft 

Pur HI BSc 

Microelectronics and 
Microprocessor Applications 

Ctau 2 (Dm ID: E J Rumen: A G C 
Clarke: G W M EUerton; M R Gooding: 

Part DI BSc 
Mining Engineering 

Ordinary Decree: G Print 

Part 1U BEng 
Mining Engineering 

Ctau ft B P D Ruff 
So 7 (DW l):CH Airaon. R Booth, 
hi Cooper. K SehaL 
CtauS mw II): None, 
enn X K T McDermott. 

Microelectronics and 
Microprocessor Applications 

Single Honours BSc 
Astronomy and Astrophysics 

Clau 2 (DW 0: A C Ball: C S Dtabn^p 
P Evans: J K Graham: I R MorpTiet. 

Ctau 2 (DW d); T D D Evans; J HW: M 
Lowvon: M P Lvdon: H J Martin: C E 
McKor G M O*Drisc0U: G S Ferrell: C 

Heading: .. 

Ctau . 3 rtMr . IQ; . N L BM: H E 
BloxhanuL H Cartipbelt J comnson: 
L Dawson: J D Harrison: C R 
KoTbrooic S M E Jw ce: M E 
KerlCham: K MWetr ■ M T. Raw C P 

2 raw. nt j Burttaon: • c J 
tag: n j Humphreys-. 

Mrivon G M orartsoui: G s Perretl: C 
A Thompson 

Religious Studies 

Ctau f: None. 

Ctau l . (DW ikJC Anderson ul A D 

Buxton: M J Tholes 

Ctus 2 (DW 0): S L Davie®. L J 

Robinson; M L Williams 

Ctus X A M Codd; l wiUsms 

Scaodiaaviaa Stmties 


Ctau 2 (DW Dt AS Cartridge: P B 

Ctau ft S J Foster: A Moorttouse; S L 

Ctau 2 (DM (ft C K Fox: R E Renton.. 
Ctau 2 (DM H): N A Constantine: K J 
Buncombe: D R Freeman: M L 
Harrison: G w MeHor. 

Ctau X P H Sttrilh. 

<m» 2 (DM IQ: D H Brown: S J Buck: 
R J Oram: R W Puisfotd: P J Shaw. 

Ordinary Dacras: C Summer ell- W 2 
Wan Ibrahim 

Ctau X F M Calms: N Pearsons: T J 
OnSnwy tagw^L HaMar. 

Physiological Scioices 

I: M L T Fung. G A Stark. 

CtaU 3 (DM D: M Foster. G S Howe.M 
A Pearce. M F Rygol. R Sharpe. 
ant 2 raw II): M C K Chu. T J 
Goodman. R I Kaksen. 

Clau X R J Dtnn. M A wniunaon. 

Wan Ibrahim 

Part UI BSc 

Naval Architecture and 

Ctau 7 (Dhr 0: M r Japps. C D Lee. S 
c Memu. R J Neosnam. 

Ctau 7 row in; N Bartorr M J 
Bellamy, s M Ford. A K Grace. D 
Steedman _ 

Ctau 2 (OW ■): s P M Fawcett; T P 
Grundy; JLM Hardy: P A Hook: M L 
Hutchinson: E Loeflel: G A Neave: R 
W Tomer: R M Williams 
Ctau X S S Cram: R Gardner 

Agricultural Mechanization 

Ctau I: None 

Clau X A B Andersen. TOR BeH. S 
teak. PAD Mason. A L O Karaite, 

Part HI BEng 

Naval Architecture and 

BSlWVf Y Chan. J C 
Marshall. M W Myerscough. T H 
Omh. E Worren. 

Clau 2 (DW IDs N J Bowden. N A A 
hub. V w Lau. R J Mtfarjane. M 
Plamondon. A Spertos. J W Toner. J 

Ctau X J R H Astbnry. C M Helg*sen. 
V I Kaisikls. s Papandreou. 

Part ni BSc 

Naval Architecture and 

J P Bennett I J Ralston. P M H 
Redhead. M D Williams 

Partin BEng 

Naval - Architecture and 


Ctau ft B F Bradley: C L P Cornish: C 

dan Vs None- 

cuu 2 (DW 0: A J Cults: S A P rePoiv 
G E Spencer: S E Stabler: D T 
TTvwaltes.. . . , . 

Cuu 2 (DW U): L N King: A Maobool; 
P A Sharp: I D Vara. 

SdiuS , £Mire* T p' N Gtamer: D J 

Plant Biology 

Ctau ts-None. 

Ctau 2 (DM 0 s J P OnndMd: J A 
Fowbert: S L Meechan: K reUlno. _ 
Ctau 2 (DW N): J A H Brown: R G G 

Y M A Lee: J McCatferty: j K Norris: 
t Rostron. 

Ctau X M Butler: A M Doran. 

Kermani; it wumct; - m iwoj-r 
Headman: L G Sturdy: J L Waller. 

French and German 

S < fcSm M S S ^*n Dantah 
Spanisb and Latin 
American Stndies 


Jtopdttft C W KntohL 

Biology ctf Plants and Animals 

Ctau 2 (DM DiJAH Brown: RCQ 
Emery: K SSfitckdato: R H TbarnbllL 
R M Walker. 

Sms 2 oSST'O: J M BacketL A P 

Sn 2 (cfflS' E J Duckworth: L 


Westgaanh. __ 

Ctau 2 (DW R): S Johnson. 

Ctau 2 (DW D: 8 Watson (DBUncttou 
In Oral SnoWi) 

Cell Biology 

Ctau 2 (DW (ft N T Campbell: &- J 

Ctau I: T j perfect J B Young. _ 
cuss 2 (DM 0 : T L Carthv: V S 
Dogan: J W R Evans: D Even: S H 
Larmirue: A M Plctent M C Sutton: C 

Part UI BEog 

Microelectronics and 

Microprocessor Applications 

S W Knox 

Part HI BSc 
Engineering Geology 
Ctatt 2 (OW IQs M Rees. 

Part III BEng 
Engineering Geology 

Ctau 1: T G Middleton 

Ctau 2 raw (ft J sncriocK. 

cuu 2 (DM IQ: E S Harding. S M 

Wrtr Pan m BSc 

Marine Engineering 

S J Taylor: C A WloskUl 
Ctau 2 (DW Hft J BJenklnsop: E R 

Ctau ft None 

can a raw l 
Ctatx a toW I 
CttU 3 A Tr« 

I« N r B jS 

3 A Trew 

R Ashby 

Ctau 2 (DW Q:AR Buckingham: C R 
Gibson: C J McCarthy 

Ctau 2 (DW H): s Oadkhah: v M 
Pei erel-Cooper: T D Scott: E J 
Spensley: A L Taylor 
Ctau X I T Patterson: R P Rtchardnm 

BA m Economics 

Ctau k None 

Ctau 2 (DW Qs M A Baintow: DHJ 

Degrees conferred by the University of Ulster 

The following degrees have 
been conferred by the Univer- 
sity of Ulster. 


Faculty of Social and Health 
. Sciences 

M HfHttBlk.S. O MinOK^M G 
OTMriU; J M Oaten: M r Tucker. 


BSc Hnman Cl— tothW 

trsrenrf Ctau, Upper DMskxc C L 

Brown: COirtstf k R McHugh. 

TIM Ctau HttMoneD E 

Forte: M J HamUJ 
north L M Hyde JJiw* C_ , 

K E Ktelcfc M McAcdey: 
McClean: L, M McCqrry 

McKee Comntrndmwn): 

IB s. 4 JVSSf: » 

dhmvc D K RanMn: J vBdwkJE 

BA Youth and Ore m e otl y Work (Hens) 

j w WeatheruiK N A WUIamson: I 

Ita wra. M J Burns: P M 
Fitzpatrick: S P Greene 

BSc Combined Sciences 

McKeown: H E Montgomery: p 
O'Hare: C A Officer: S D Parkinson: i 

Simpson: P R Siavln: L Stead. 
TbM Ctau H o n oi er. R G Burns. 

BA Bosiness Stadies 

E E Brown: I W A C^g: E M L 
Hutchinson: E C. McCann: C J 
McGIbbon: B J McKte: E S Mooro: A J 
Nixon: a J O'Reilly 

Second Ctau Mown (Upwr DWtatan) 
C M Aiken: W J Barkley; B E Clarke: 
p D Clarice: M H Dow; Y H Freeman; 
Graham: C A Haridn: C M Kelly: J C 
Lavery; E M Mageiuua: D M 
Maputre; O Martin: Prt Martin: M L 
M^chen: D P McCabe: M M 
McCaffrey: S_ McClean: C 

McGreilta: H C McLautfiUn: S J 
McPherson: B F Murray; E RuseeU: J 
M Simpson; J R M Steen: A E A 

2ml Ctau Hoooun, Lower DMtatoo: M J 



Ryan: ME 
Ml Ctau HounrSM BWrrl A Kem 
C M Ryan. 

McNeice: P Smyth; c L Ward. 

. M Duggan: C M F6^Cj5j5arS?^ 
i M MccSrhey: PM McClean: P M 

BSc Physiotherapy 

ms Honours, Upfur DMstauTAajan^ 
N AdamKjF G Aglus: A M Antetrartft 
F Amoy: 81 P Bafflr C 7 

Hcathwood: C Howe: C E HJmWc K A 

Hunter J R K«« TVMarcheU; E 
Mcbantidl; A M McErUdlL V ® 
McimSlon: M M T McKenria: F a 

Mary Wilson: 

CM- Me 
M Nangle: 

G White- 

McFcetv: M k McGhee: J L McGurto 
A-M McManus: O A Nugent P A 

Awards by Coencfl for Natiosal 
Academic Awards 
BSc Psychology (Hons) 
Second Ctau Honours (Upper DMstau): 

US^^^m hS ouu (Loerer DWtatau); 
E m O'Suutvan. 

BSc Psychology and Sociology 


Secaud Ctau Henauw (Loawr DWtaiotOr 

P c Hutchinson. 

BSc Sociology (Hons) 

K-SS^ BCKUpaltricR. 

BSc and Oiploina 
lodnstrial Stadies: Engineering 

2wnS > Ctau Hoamn (Lower DMUnu 

D R ChwanuiLC J Oon«aG L T 
Creighton: P N Erwin: D C Gtoeece: I 
MamruJ S DMcCuuy; K McOevm; O 
R J Mootk.D M Btttee. 

SttSadCtatt Hanom (Tower 

G w Agnew: K J Ben. j i L . Cuerden: 

M Devine; M E Enids: R S Ireiand: . 
H Jordan: J H Lynch: S N S McCurdy: 

Ctau I ta li s un. F G Deencv: j B 
: w K A Green B R McCook K E 

1 A McGuman: 8 P J McKenna; T 
McKlIlen: C N McQuav: B C Millar: 

Grant: W K A Greer: 

A M MulhoUand: J G Murphy: 

S H Poole; j M Rowletie: 

Pogue: S H Poole-. J M 
G Taylor; E A Ward: G E wuson 

BSc Psychology 

1st Ctatt I ta n BU M E O Mooney. 

MJg& : .^- J 2r onkey ’ M 

McKeniuMP Mooney: D Morrow: C 
M Murphy 

Institute of Informatics 
BSc Com pater Science (Data 

j McwrniamK p P Mutvenna: M 


BSc Engineering 

Second Ctau Menem (Upper DWtston): 

jcMtadinaw Hnonuu (Laww OWM—fti 

J E Fyfe 

BSc Engineering 

N N A Ghafoor 

BSc Engineering (part-time 

E J Larmoun W Miutwli 

BSc and Dipiema 
lodnstrial Stndies: Enriron- 
mental Health 

Mt tooan: N T 

BA and Diploma 
lodnstrial Studies: Catering 
Adm in istration 

E L Artt L L Cargill: J_Ca maghan 
(With Commendation): G 1 Ch»w 
(With Commendarlon): S E Dun woody 
(with commendation): N p 
FhzsJmons; J A Gaibrallh: D M Cawn; 
64 HIUK: ft C Howe (with Com menda- 
boni: J M Kennedy: C A Logan: S E J 
McClelland: C A McCOTjnick (With 
rv««mendailon): P F McCrtssican: M 
CGutre: L A McMUllan: C M 
mer: S A Murray: P Qubuu L 
Koouson (with CommoKiwion): PC 
Sneriock: H E Troughloo: P Vioaccto: 
C Weir. 


Rut ctau: H M Colbert: MAQBott: M 
V Gtendlnnuig: T Henry; I C JOhen: B 
G Magee: P Relay: E R Robinson: M G 
ShlekLv. MEM Stevenson: R A 
Stewart: C M Vernon. 

Second atatt (Upper dhr): m B BahlU: E 
A Boyle: C Oarke: M J Conway: C E 
Davey: J V Devlin: P Devlin: M J 
Donnelly: R Gregg: M IT HackeO: V M 
Knox: C Marion Jte J MeAhrtep E T 
MrCtory: C S McClure; C McOton: A 
B Muihotlaad: A, O'Farrell: F 
O'Farrell-. H A 0*NeUl: S W Oree; D M 

Second ctau (Lower dlv): M Cannon; 
M H Clarke; C T Corrigan: C 
Cumbkey: J Fenech: V G Graham; o 
M Holden D C James: A C Maguire: S 
Move: J McBride: A R McCoy; A E 
McKeever. R N McKtenor: T D 
Morgan; AEC Murrejy: H E Paul: r 
ft Paynlen L Penoer; M A OuUui; J I 
Riddell: W j RuddeU. B M Treaty 
Third ctau: M Campbell: A M Hunter: 
F J Laverty. 

BA Sports Stadies: 

Second ctau (Lower dlv): K Howard. 

Faculty Of Hnmamties- 

BA C e nfh tae rt H am e n te tai 

First otacs: S Doherty: B A Motumi: p J 


Second ctau (Upper dhr): C 
Chambers: A F Dean: L Donnelly: 
Ellb: T Elite; A J Finnegan; P E Fi 

Second Ctatt Hononu CLowtr DWtatonft 
DEB Adams. E M Doonan; J L I Gor- 
don: s A Kelso: L M R Quigley: D A 

Third Ctau Honours: c,F Funston: a 
C aftney; E R McKee: N M McKinney 

BA Three-Dunensionai Design 
Flnt Cbm Henoon: M.C 
Second Clau Henonn 
W G Adams: G A » a 

Drury: P H EntwtsMe: G G Kelly: M E 
' Lynn: T C Miller; V L pollock 
ceod Ctau Hononu {umr DWtatanl: 
E Jo teson- Beach: J M Logan: K M 
MrOown. M M Me Ivor 
TbM Ctau Honour*: S Fawcett 
BA Fine Art 

Smeo^^s^ateptt'mMMftS Kethg 
J L McLarnon: DAM MrNbnus. D P 

Sattmd <n CtaH (Lower DMstoOft B 


Thud Ctatt: K R Had: A M Meir. 

BA Textiles/Fashion 

Second Clan .(Upper DMttooft C E 
Barnes: E A McFaiLD E Rcavey: L E 

Second Clau (Lower DWWon): C 
Brition: P Hamilton. A B Jolley: T U 
Palmer: R P Scoil J woodhouse. 

BA Three-Dimensional Design 

Elite: T Elite; A J Finnegan; P E Fusco: 
A M Hardy; C E W Hayward: N A 
Headley: G Hunien I MagUI: G P 
Motor; O B McCaf ferty: C McGartn 
F. J McGione: J B McGutoan: 
McMllten: E M Murray: JT Neely 
M Prenten M Salters: H E Storey: ► 

A Smart: j g Trueman: S M 
Twometiy: A D Wilson: H WQumu W 
G Wilson 

gran^J ^.Megahu; 

Ctatt Hou 

?U^M W j5«vm:BR 

SMMto Ctatt'itonouri (Lowor Dlvtaloaft 

vTa Bartltov: v ft Magee: J 8 

BA Catering Administration 
D L Booth: C E Drennan fWJIh 
Cornmendabon): M J. 

Me Kinless: M £ McMuOan (Wltti 
Commendation): M C Parkin: S J 

Second ctatt (Lower dhr): A M 
Armstrong. N P Mnon: J Beavta: M J 
F Bolme;W T Boyle: m W Boyles: D 

M Bracken: Nj 

C Burns: M J Campbell . 

S M Cassidy: F M Coll: J M Condi I: P 
M Connolly: M J Conway: C A 
Cousins: M J Crawford; J M Devlin: J 
B Docherty; B G Duff: A S Finney: S 
Fisher: D P M Gallagher. L Hamilton: 
H R Henderson: C M Hinds: j C J 
MacIntyre: B A Magoman: G M 
Mayne: L McCaviti: Ej McCtoskey: F r - 
McCoy: P M McDermott: TM. 
McDevItt: P D J McGotonck: N . 
MCKNvIe: P J McMahon; A H 

Catering AdmMstration 
(Part-Time Study) 

BSc Estate Management 

BSc. PsydHrfogy (Part-Time 

grfnL HwMtt. MW^Sm^heh 

Awards of Couwril foe National 
Academic Awards * 
BSc Com pater Science (Data 

Calvert: E J Cttfcw: H S Ctavdsom: M 

K Dawson: pTOIBflhm R A 
McLernon: H B McaianeTlI W J Reid; 
G M Sloan: K H Yco 

BSc Diploma 

Industrial Studies: Micro- 
etectruBdc Systems 

M P Brown (Wl i h CommendaUpn CR 
j G Connor: G Oltolt L D Gowdy 
■With Commendailon): R S Hasson: M 
j E Neill (With CommendaHoiM. 

Second Cm* (Ubocr 
Devlim j M HotULJ 
A McOalQD; C M MoUiollahd. 
Second Ctau (Lower Dwwoa): . 
Dean; P J Lea: A J McCuigan 
Moan: J Ramsey: M Rodg ers: ,E J 
Siavin: S A Toomte K A J Traliw. 

Faculty of Art and Design 
BA Fine Art 

Fbtt Clat* Honour*: P G K Little: G W 
SeconS Ctau Honour* (Upper DMdonft 

C T E McKeever. 

Pus: M B Daly. .. 

Faculty of Humanities 

BUt Rrit Ctatt Hononu: J H P 

Public Sector 

McMillan: C Murphy: R T Murphy: P 
J New land: J E OTtonnelL H O'Hare: 
R O'Neill: E C Parle: P W Period: p M 

Hut Ctau IIb b o mu: C E E Smyth- . 
Second Ctatt Honour* (Upper Ofvftkm): 
S J Gorman. 

3rd Cta» lle n o wts J T Bannon- 

BSc Psychologr 


S J MeCrea 

Faculty of Science and 

giwBBnoJ Vi uu oi fcr nwwn t ij i l w) : 
FAM BranWiL- R OpHTc R Sum 


S P Campbell; D A Coey: S K GBteon: 

HH MWW R A Duff: J 
Fenton: 8 J Lynn: S G. Martin 


gad Ctatt Hono ur . UWdP 

DMstau: W A 

McGrrtUa: V 

m «wr T r A M ^ p A 


totttart (Lower DteWon): 

Hdusnfal StuiMr 8dta*( 

. r Rrannloan: L D. Fearon twUli 

j r r*3»"}E£ : k V'KT p j 


IS* Ctatt Hoooou: G C W- , 

2 nd Cta« Nmuw* 'W* DlvUt * It p J 

Lough rey 


BSc and Diploma 
Industrial Stndies: 


Lough rev .^-oiMmisFE 

W'TM Dalw 

j E Dmao#*. 6 ,? ti' Harrison- r» ** 



p^ Ctatt HuteOT C M BrammMd. H 

greSwIVbpooke: ? f ffifliv: A 

Hunt C M ^ ^Wuirwiutarfts: P M 
T Mrtadta#: c- 

O'Kane: P S OIWBW' nMOMt 

Second Ctatt W<^“sT 
t DkM0n ; A ft C A 

NtcCaughor. A M 


BSc Biological Sciences BSc Microelectronic Systems 
Ctatt < ll p,,,, D W ‘ 1 “ 0S 

C^HottUU (Lower DteWra): g^joctattHoMou (Low* «*aioa>t 

Httttiai sortor nnorenc SJs£SSi 7S S Kidd: S P Mnturv: S D 

ssssr* ^ D » r ts- r5 

± C M CarvHi Treanon J-M TreMobr: R o Young 

. —- j.,,., a CNAA Awards 

■Siaar a. n 

Eag ^ | 

JrtSffl)? ^fetatturcWAMtaitt. 

BSc Combmed Sdeaces 

BSc and Diploma S R HyiKt* ® A Johnson. 

-rial Studies: Civil BSc Engineering 


BSc Estate MaMgement 

^ D j^*Qnantity Surveying 

OMUOA): C A Fox: C MOT9Jn ‘ 

ppr s% -Faculty of Business and 


USSSSST'i e s BA Accoawancy 

BA Public Sector 

T N Blaor I C Bradley: Jt A pam pbrg 
iWHh Commend^ionr. FJi Cabom . t 
E A Gibson: S C Grang e (With 
Commendation): C A Greenaway: R 
jSnes: E P Kan« J M Kteto CP MOQUl 
■with Commendation); G M McLean: 
P J McMahon: J P S r 
Mooney: F J Mu 
Commendation): K 
commenuauonr. W J Robinson: P 

D RYan: J E P Somerville; c R 
venenata: M a Waifcer: s d Wallace: 
J White: A I Wilson; E N Wilson. 
Third ctatt: D M Crummy: G A 
Cormtey: EM Grant; c P Harney; M 
E Hayes: F E A McConnell: E F 
MCCulJagh; A J MtESrrmotL M P 
McNamee: SjP McVetoh: O Muttalv: 
G R A Murtagh: E M O Nell!: SAM 
Rooney: L E Turner 

Diamond: K B Finnegan. S E Jones; M 
L M Magld: B M McMullan: S RNUy: 

ftcoS^HmiB) (Lower DMstanft 
M Donaghy: G G Hughes. S-A Kane: F 
C Kelly: R-M Manning: 6 R May bin: A 
R Moore: C B Wheten _ 

TMrt Ctatt Honour*: T Smith 

Flrtt Ctatt Honour*: s B MrAhdUn 
Second Ctau Htmonr* (Upper Dt*W«»): 
C A Bianey: G Devenncy: P Donaghy: 

TS J Pmsthr. A J Speers 

Second CtasaHmoan (Lower DtaMmps 
J W Backus C E Brawn: G W 
Hamilton: A E Majlhew*: K 

MrAieenan: P 5 McCann: J J 

McCloskey: S MCCrystal: ft_ F 

McGarry: GAM Mulhstfsand: D P 

BA Textfles/Fashion 

nm Cl>» Hooaore: PLAMcBgBjtg.. 

BA Combmed Humanities: 

S AUhtsoru J Boyle; C F O'Brien. 

BA Mask 

B A Kennedy: M 

D E R Adams; E M Goff’S!? 1 ii,! 1 

A E M Collins, 

(Upper dhrft A w H Ball: 
a-PR Farrar I R Wilson 

Secern) ctau (Lower *>): 5 H Lytue: P 
M Maginness: D McCtura D £ 

BA aid Dip in Isdnst Studies: 
Home Econ: 

Second class (Upper mw): M 
McGrogaiu J M McKeague 
Second ctau (Lower JWsZABrjwn: 
L Dnimntond: A M Eastwood: A 
Grtteim: c M .Keenan: MC_ Little: L K 
McCarroil: L K McCbmll: B J 
McFadden: S Skelton. 

M Maginness: D McC 
Morrow: G M O'Don noil: 

aurv D E 
B M Shields 


don: S A Kelso: L M R Quigley: D A 

Tur Claes llieiuiin" C F Funston: A 
SSflnwE RmSS. N M McKinney 

BA Three-DuneastOBal Design 

CNAA Awards, Combined 

Seeand ctau (Upper dM: M A 
Brennan: S A Donnelly: L A Frazer; J 
A Hamilton 

Seeato etas* (Lower aiw): J M Grace. 

Ctas* H on o ur *: M.C McCftee 
W G Adams: G A Carruihrtv. ■- a 

Temple! on. 

Patti 5 K Rinloul 

Third ctatt: C Doman: W C A 
Mcilwaine: A N McRobem. 

5 h^rM'E McAlarv 

BScand Diplotoa 

Industrial Stndies: 

Dip in Indnst Stndies: 

Home Emu U M Maguire. 

BA & Cert in Ednc Home Ecoo: 
Flnt etaue L K Taggart iwtih (toll, 
Saooad ctatt (Upper *v)t B m 
M rOralh (with Hist) M R 

Mcilwaine: A 

BA Musk 
nm ctn: m 

E Jonsson Bcacn: J m 
M cGeown: MM Mclvoc 
TbM Ctatt Ita W W! S Fawcett 

Faculty of Business 

Crawford- _ 

jpper dta): A J Beattie. 

B Madden: AMT Mccreesh: t 
McCreesh. _ m . _ . 

Faculty of Art and Design 
BA Fine Art 

Faculty of Business 

BSD tat Ctau HtMUTTM J canyon: H 

IS? D c&^«Su?. M oS?ir 

BoKenv: N Eton*; C J Hutson- R J 
Ja> iKon* API Lennon: T J lay: R A 

jo>lKon- A PJ Lennon: T J Lay: R A 
Movte P A Murgatroyd; P C Ryan: P 
K ShUltieworth: T A wnitnwy 
Ctttt 3 (Dlv 2): S BOKterson: K M 
BDite. W B Graf ion. J W HDdgwn. J 
C PicMov c Richardson: R Sangani: J 
D Telling: C A Wnbon 
Ctau X D Dixon A P Steam 

oartte: G W M EUerton: M R Gooding: 
J R Hood: S M Ireland: G C 
Mackintosh: S Rahman: H M Robin- 
son: L M RosuU: E G Sly: R A 
Smurthwaite: s A welford. 

Clan X J A Field: J NeaL 

Agricultural Engineering 

CUU l: Y K Law: M J Walchom. 
Ctau 7 (Di» Q:rf Barber: □ J Fisher: 
A J Sewell.. 

Clas* 2 (DW B): S J Barber: S R 
Bai wirk. j A Caves T C Schovsbe; C 
P Wilson. 

Ctau X P B GlUard: A J Kendall, 
pass: m Pourhotatirafsanlanl 

A Rric and Envirmnt Science 

Ctatt 1: L R H Alton: D J Chatman 
Ctatt 2 (Dlv l):RA Barton: R A Duff: 
T B K EsmaU: A I Fraser: J J Garland: 
J T Greenway: K C Hendry: l S 
Paion: S J Shepheard. 

Faculty of Edncatioo 

Ctau fc O E Finley 

Clast 1 Dh I): C J M BodonyU D-J 


Ctaa 2 (DM 2): P M Almond: L A 

BSc in Speech 

Ctatt t None 

.1 Walker _ 


G M Bradford: J £ Deans; H 
Dcrmott: S M L - Hanratty: S A 
Harvey: E Hendereon: M B Loughran: 
T M Mrcreevy; D K J Morgan: M P 

pm; C C O'Mare: C J Snodden: S 


M P Coleman: H J Marlin: G > 
Mctorever: M W McShaoe: K A 
Sieun: I J Sproule: H R Stewart: L 

Second'ctass Homm (Lower DMsWn): 

J A Cairns: A Coming; AJKereljaw: 
U M Lennon: K A Mccaul: C M 
■" — igomery; M O O Kane: U A M St 

Ctass H un o ura A H Quinn. 


UlOvtetty Utttu) Flnt Ctatt 

M R Galley- 

Economics and Acconnting 

Ctatt t None 

Ctatt 2 (DM D: S Comer. M J Humbte: 
j M MrMurdo 

Ctau 3 (Dtv fliSC Barrett: H R BatVj 
V K Cheung: V C CWu. A Edwards. R 

V K Cheung: V C Chiu. A Edw-arto. » 
I Janueson. Y K Lee: S T Lerah Mt . A 
O Qoukoyo- o L Phatwr. iMBidogft 
A DRota ESavvMe&;SRTyaCK: R ft 
H Yue 

Ctatt X K C Chiu. 

I onuko a* o L Pnaiyr. t M Richarelv 
. D Roes. E SaivMes; SR Tyaek: R ft 

Economies and Econ History 

Ctau b None 

Ctatt 3 (DM I): DC NuttaU 
Ctass 9 (DM 3): A P Jones: C J, Milner. 
D J Ross: P J R«%*e; N A Write 

Accounting and Find Analysis 

Ctau h None 

Cta»2 (D»Q:L Battj-r A P Flrtrher. 

L A Hodgkinson: A H Y Lam: S J 
MCGulnru: J Milter. DMA Morrison: 

McGuineu: j Milter. DMA Morrison: 
S S Pncr; C D Soenceiey. A 
Wilkinson. E J Wilkinson. G WS 
Wong, k J wngtii 

i 3): P T Austin: C J 
Cave: N S T Chan: DSM 

Chin. A M J Flichford; J P GkrraU: R 
P Hobbs: J G Hudson: N A Lamb: N J 

P Hobbs: J G Hudson: N A Lamb: N J 
Perry: C P Rnucan: j E Staples; A K 
Slept. K C Tal. D ) U/Json; M D 
Wilson: S Y M Wong. Y W Wong: D B 
Woodland: C W Yu 
Ctan X W T Forrester: J K Hamer; s 
H King. J n Union; C w J Nail; J 
Robinson: ft B Y Tang: S C Wright 
Pus Degree: CCN Koh. j R Simmon* 
Ordinary BA in Accounting and 
Financial Analysis 

C K Worm; C K A Ho: W-F M Van* 

Economics and Law 

Ctes* t None 

Ctass 2 (DM QiCD Has lam: A J 

Ctau 2 COtt 3): C Patterson: D B 
Pic knell: G Rray: J N Sharpe 

Economic Studies 

E P Dobson: N P Hardcastto 

Honoors in Politics 

Ctau t None 

Class 2 (DM n: p A Crowe: 5 C Elliott; 
M Uwxm, R A Lintel-. D Lund. B L 

M Lwxm, R A Untei-. D Lund. B L 
McGulnnnv: N R Nevm: S R Piritun: J 
E Proctor: A Schendel. S D Watte: D O 
W Wynne 

Ctass 1 (Din 3)i J Beccontall: A L 
Cunningham: P S Davidson: J L 

Cunningham: P S Davidson: J L 
Gotliard: E C Grant: P E Hamson: A 
V L Lee: M O Marinos: J R McNernev: 
M Myers.: S E Page: A J Pie on: T v 
PrescMl: P R Pyeti. A H Roman; N 
Tomlinson: S M Wade: A R 

Politics and Economics 

Ctus 3 (DM 2): A M Bull: D Horner: M 
E McNirhoias: S M Morgan: M P Slay; 
N R Swam 

Ctatt X P Coburn: P A Williams 

Econ and Social Admin 

Ctatt b None 

Ctatt 0 (Dwiston l)i K Elrew&ier: J A 

Ctau II (DMsxm lift J Kiray: M J 
Kirk ham: C F U 

Pol and Social Admin 

Ctau b None 

Ctau 2 (DM I): M R C Colley: D 

Ctau 3 (OM 2): A N Bunion; C F 
Darcy: S A Roberta; B K Smith. H M 

Darcy. S A Roberta: 

Class X R J Clarke 

Politics and East Asian Studies 

Clau fc S G P Brpslln 

Ctatt 1 (DM 11= L C Allen: K A 
Priestley: B P Roubtcrk 

Priestley: B P RouMcek 

Ctau 0 (DM 2): J M Adamczvk: P M 


Sociology and Social Admin 
Ctau b None 

Ctau 2 rate 1ft A AiouxenMte: D 
Appleby: s A Arnold: Y A A Boakyc: 
N J Ollier: C L Ptlgnm 

mass 2 (DM 2): A Draqofte; P Lleb. 
Psimmeroar, E C Sleeper 

Social Studies 

CtaA b None 

Ctau 3 rate T): D A Brown: H M 
Clark: HP Kraunq: TCP Lee: A M 
Soarks: J E Symington: A Thompson 
Ctau 2 (DM 1): J E Alton: j a Ounce: 
H Dobie; A J Groom: O 
Lambropoukn: J E McMahon: G 
Monilxi: K L Porter. S D Roger! 
Ctan X A E Oidneld 

Faculty of Law 

Ctas* b None 

Ctatt 2 (Dte I): J R Anderson: B A 
Bagr; H S Brewer: J L Brown: L 

Brown: D M Cassidy: P M Calo: J C 
EJvidge: B I Foster: A Code: M J 

EJvidge: B I Foster: A Code: M J 
Hamson: K A Henry: P M H liner: A D 
Kind: P J McCurk: R L Miller: E 
Monlorlo: DBS Moss: A S 
wetghtman: C J Welch; A J Woods 
Ctau 2 (Dte 2): M Ashby. J R Birch: C 
J Bishop: R P Boilai: M Brown: R J 

J Bishop: R P Baikal: M Brown: R J 
Casiie: O J ChaifKld-. S J Cowell: L 
Dawklrv Jones; S FiSkr; R J Galr: K E 

Dawkin- Jones; S Ftske: R J Galr; h E 
Gardner: B R Grtatr. J K Grunwell: R 
W Henderson: AM Higgins: D A Hill: 

D A Hinds: S D Howoake; J 
Jarkiewtcz; A C Jameson: M P Kemp: 

SYR Leung; K Lowthlan; D C 
Mac Nab: E P Moloney: .T J Roysiom P 

(:TJ Roysie 
dims: J My« 
son: i P pi Hi 

Mac Nab: E P Moloney: T J Roysion: P 
C E Moulson: H K Mullins: J Myers; R 
V Parker; A E Paitlnson: 1 P Pilgrim; 
R M Pfamgr S-A m Ptiikerton: K E 
Povall; N E P Reid; W M H Rose: C R 
TaiL R A Thompson: S M Toll 
Cbxs X A Bate: O G Cowto: RA Monk: 

A ^R^Nager: I R sadig: M C Stalker: 

R C Vitales 

Pass Decree 

Paw I Baxter. 

Faculty of Science and 

BSo Fh*» cuss JftmowB SOCMriH P 
Hagan: I K McCracken: RN McGee: S 
A M Pavtour-. Y A Wilkinson; M W 
Woods. .. 


F M Amara: N Belcfchorasani: R 
BetckhorasanL D Bennen: M Black: D 
E Conian: M C Dobson: J A Donaghy: 
j Elwood; I R Farthing: C S 

Thtid 1 cSS°HnaeuTft M E OT Doherty. 
BA Swond Ctus Honour* (Uppu 

»B r Dtote): 

j Elwood: 1. R Farthing: C S 
lOav-lnskis. S S Lavery: ' v M Lonw; M 
P C Loughrey: W G Magi Hon: C 
Mazdal: j McKntqhl: E P Megarily: M 
A Morahan; R E Mulian: O P MarrMf: 
R H O'Daherty: S Ranlbar M 
Revozadeb; F M Tempewr O V 
Tessema: I T Wans; P J Walsh: P J 
While ^ 

Sound Ctu* Honour* 

I G Breen: P wBull: AS Carton: K _ 
Cheung Y B Chu: R M Coyne: M L 
Cunningham; A Curran: D D oon- 
nelly: KEhsani-Tehranl: N C Crubr,: J 
C M Guthrie: D M Herbert: P S 
Hughes: K S Hunter: J Jonnnin. S L 
Kendal: A M Keshtoltan: R.LIddell: G 
w Macfarlane: P G Manley. E 
McAirah: R S McAieer: ^ D M 
McCaTferty-. A Y McCorauck: D M 
McCormick: M N MrOiiaW: C A 
Rooney: M J Rooney: S Taheri: A E 

Socond Ctatt Honoure (Low Dtetakte): 

C T E McKeever. 

Thompson; L Ftiute: S K E Tsui: S 
OVUiman: A P Warden; N M wngnu 

A Clifford: J M Haugbey: A 

ifisar &firsas r '» M » 

Ctatt^fioonUrc D E Butler: C 

Curran :C EalomA Hagan; K * «• 
W G Houston. D P Kan« 
K Kehoe: J, MfjAnannr: M T 
Mrdeery: 1 L McGowan: N ■* 
MtJlvenna: M McLouqhlui: K J 
Millam: A G H Mlllto; G FMWW.-S E 

skss? i was A w -” J 

SD Bull: C . . 

w Donnelly : P DonneUy: EF Egan: W 
H Evans: R M Fox; H J Geroert A A 
Gomez: C J GriHiihs: R S Harpurr D A 
Harngarv A C Harvyy: J A.MH1U. I A 
Hnciwnhull: S F Fluey; D M 
Hyndman: B D Kem E S: e S kiwc A 
EL«3iran: w F 
Magee: J A Marcfimi: A D MrArrtle. Cl 
McCansilesS; G J McCOurt: P M 
SSdftdh: J McCullough- P_ F 

3 vtt f'i § 

.1 V Youand 

TMrd Class Honour*: R A CSpjy: A T 
Gordon: D A MeConillle: G Murray: 
D J Richmond: C A Su-pheraon. 
PUB A Ayres.- P j a Falte: S Fraser: J 
C McCardle: AMP Chart*. 

Sahadevan; M J Seymour. C F 
Sleotienson; A J Thorpe. . 

Second ctass Honours (Lww DteMnn) 
D M Alien: _P A Armdrong; 

D M Alien: P A Armslrong: 
Barnes; M J CoMln : P I Detljn: . _ 
Gnlara: E J Kelso; T P t Kenny. A _ 
Korn N A Me Adam; W T M McClure: 
□ MCNellly: S C Morris; S 
Namasivayam: P DNrwcranb: M J 
Oakham. D A Rose: N DHT Ru*L C 
D A Soioule: D A SUrritna: o M 

wui^vm. h E'e Wate on: J R Wh'i^n- 
Than Ctass Honours: CAN Hoob-c R A 

Watson: H E C Wateon: J R Whir 

Mr Donald: D i Menew; T M Travers. 
Paw P F Can a van 

Pub P F can a van 

Faculty of Social and Health 


BSc First Ctatt Honour*: E Again; R 
Logut: M A WlllM ^ 


P J Bennett; K C 1 Bleakley; F J 
Bogun: F M Campbell: A A 

Carruihers: C M Cassidy: j Christie-. K 
J G Crannv: M M Eggellng: M A 
Ferguson: D C K Goidon: X. E 
Graham. M B Grew: S M Henro»: R 
Johnston: S A Joseph: L F Lee: S P 
Mackie: 9 C Mr Alee r. S E Me Awry; 
M M McKlOop: B H McVeigh: T J 
Montgomery: A-M G Mooney: P M 
Raflerty; K T Rat Cliff e; P A n 

ROiMtrk: D V Rose: J R E Scon. C P 
Sell irk: S C Somerville: C L Tate. J A 
walker K D Wallace: R E Wh torgw. 

Boyd: B F Cosgan: C Hunter I A 
Kennedy: R ^L_ 2 ^ 9 

Mulian: S M PMC: S ROnrar J A 

vision): O Barry; A S^oSkM J 
Crampion: J., A Ha wtoy: K § 
Hounsom: R I Kap^r 

ikwn (Lont Dtetetonft 
p Abrahams: J S Barton: M S 
CanuSlM Donald; M J Domwny: 
N E Eaton ; J DM 

O F H F jSSw a G tjoyd-jonu: A H 
Moraon-Brallsfora: A flMcAkrte: P 
J McAtavey; M M L McOinloch. K L 

Second Ctatt Honours (Lower Dtetshmft 

j C Aungters: K Barr: J Bryan: C A 
Canning: C A Charlton: M Corbett; A 
E Culhert: C B CuIMfi: w F Davidson: 
H M R Docherty; D A DonneUy: D P 
Faulkner D J Finlay: c B Freeman: S 
F Graccy: P P R, Green: E 
Haralabtoou: S M Hasten: J E 
Hazrartf: J Hodgson: D B Hopkins: C 
A James: A S Johnston: C-Y Kwong: 
S A LaiU: C J Magee: E M Mapll!: B J 
Masterson: T M Maianda: M Maxwell: 
C G McCann; F D MCCarron; K M 
McCrvstal: T V J McCullagh; L E 
McDonagh: P H M McLougmin: c E 
McNally: D J McQuiUdn: S C Moms: 
S M Motnrav: N E J Murtagh: B 
O'Hara: l« A O'Neill: L D Onrsmus: M 
G Patterson: K A Quigley: C T Quinn: 
S Rllrhie: D Schofield: C M Semi: S E 
Toogood: P Walker: G Wood: J A 

ThkrdCbtt Homwc T w Bamcsf J E 
MurPhy: A J Webaer. 

Pub P Jackson: S M McCatferty: G M 

J Patrick; K Storey: C E Thompson; D 
A Wallace 

A A Calvin. 


BA sports studNta 
First etas: S M Gould. 

Second Haw (Uppor dlv): A M EOtore: 
D DatzeU: R W Hewlli; D W M 
McConnell: J E Rod: J B True love 

Fbn Ctatt Honour* P C K UBle: G W 

SMOMl Ctatt Honours fUpnr Dtvi stai O ; 
fTaMtoe. TTCalBSaii: CP J 
Diamond: K B Finnegan: S E Jones :M 
L M Magil: B M MCMuUan: S Reilly: 

SKMdCWn Homuh osmt DteWonft 
M Donaghy: G G Hughes: S-A Kane: Y 
G kSvTW-M Manning: s ft Mayoin. a 
r Moore: C B Whelan 
TOM CM* Honour*! T Smith 

Milto^P*P "Murtagh: P A frmurmr- » PgUard: J H RussriU P J Savage: 
Pciropoutok G A Stenpson. R E walker: K Wesierov: w T Wcsiwaiw. 

mAUSSiyamoKUB ffiSMSSSS ' 

BS5 Bradley: NSW CrymMe: D MStffflSA WT8 

BSo”o*ew UdtWrjW /^J "Breen: M^tagan: T R Han 

^ , Instinate of Informatics 



P H Black-. C A r alter, r i' T p capsw^i; p A R Farrell: B J J 
MrUugMin! A M Simiih. ^ Stuart. F(sh<T , C K oirhrtsi: T J Gilmm; M L 
-raid Cass Honours s> n ju. Hewin: C n savage-. A Vance; c k 

Faculty of EdacatHW 

VJ P Aaron: O O Coker: S G MrCreedy- A M MCObbon. L J H obo w i (Upper DhUn) 
r R A Harte;PF J Kershaw; J MiskeUy; GPU Mumm: J NichoO: S Baxter: B MCraJwOrth : N >} 
idrer Pf McMiorav: M [ O K^SiiiVan: w j PUchford: CM Jeitoy: M A McQfliw R c 

i:PA ORourJte: S 
L Simpson: R E 

. m (Umr dte): M J 

Alexander: L T Browne: J W 
Hastings; D McGtaUi: M P McHugh: S 
R Robinson. 

THnl Ctatt: T J cniidck. 


L P E A 

P A 
tK E 

Sowed Ctatt HmoeK (Up{»r Diwaon): 
C A BLaney: G Devenneyr P Doiughy: 
T s J Priestly: A J Sneers 

l*A i (^Dtetateoft 

jw Wkm C^E .Brown: G W 


BA & Certificate in Education: 
Sports Studios T EJ Bratton tdWk c 
A Pusco irtBur B A King: BE 
MrVeSS AM B Bernadette mWLPJ 
O'Hara: d Scon idiur. JAM Stettin 
(dwr. S M Thompson. 


CTKeeie: o Patterson; H C Willis. 

Hamilton. A E Matlhews: K 
MrAieenan. P S McCann: J J 
MrCKKkey. S McCreolal: K F 
McGarrv: G A M Mulhonand: D P 
CnXtoerty: J A OLOUghlln: B JTuUy 
Tttrd Ctass Honours: P C Campbell 

BA Textifes/Fasfuon 

MrAIKta. A McCtono 

Pollard: J H Russell: P J Savage: P S 
Walker. K Wesierov: W T Wcsiwany. 
Thud Ctatt Hon o ure JC Abbott M 
Banks: M M Bradley; M Casey: B M 
Cunningham: w Ferguson: E F Halre: 
Prior Hesketh; D A Lunny: M T O 

Calhaln; J L A Sianetl. „ 

Pub J P Breen: M Hagan: T R Han 

Institute of Informatics 

F E Lennox: J R Mote: N 


S^m w Mn '<Um Wvtelonft 
p J Allen; E M A Boyd: K G Corey: n 

Iwi s.«s*sre 

RouWon. S M. Stewart. 

TMd (Rus^Homors: R W M Foo: C K 

^bJ E A M c£«S? : s C HirS^C 

K Lee. E Y M Tcoh. 

B$c (Now Unte U liter) Swond Ctass 
Hoaotei (Umtr DMdn): R C S 
Baxter. B MOatwOrth: N 1 Irvine: a v 
J eitoy: M A Mccalfrey: R G Monds: J 
C Muilineuic.p P O'Kane: M_C Ryan. 
Second Ctatt Honours (Lmnr E*t*nft 
C Agnew: p R Bassett: M R Campbell: 
J I dements C B Connolly. M L Daly: 
M K Devlin: J D DonneUy: M H 
Khalar: C M Lavery: L M Mawhlimey: 
J Molyneauk MCClaughlhu - T C 
McGowan: M McKinney: M M A 
MrSherry: L S Moore: E M 
Schllndweln; S A Sermon: M J Soule: 
p F Wcsiail. 

-nurd CUiHmut: M C Canton; E R 
Laird: O McConnell.- M C McKor. b M 


Magee College 
Faculty of Edacitlni 

BEd First Ctatt H onour s : k Ganaoiw- 
E K Hinds: P J Winters. 

f K HWs P J Wi nters. 

Stored Out Honours (Uppor Dteltton): 
CBQ Cronin : e Harvey; c v McTvJq - 
B A McLaughtuu l HMoore: MTp 
S iwnnon. 

Second Ctass Honours (Lomu ft taM—a . 
w^ t FN^ !DCWKMJ ™^ 

Iba Hnt cm Honotme B A Crawford, 
swond cSsHonq aw (Upper Bwtan}; 
P T Beattie: V E aoottoAbAAM|lb 

BSo (Now Uatv Ulster) Sooood Ctass 
HMOtnOlipar OttaRon: F W Calkss: 

Hamms (Lnmr DtetataOs 

TOrt CtattHoooorsLK M Doherty: C J 
C Refdy. 


TtartOatt Honours: 0 OTfeHy. w 




Let us+atesL ufiu wider w My 



# Have you got speeds of 100/60, good WP skills and at 
least two years’ Director level experience in London? 

• Maybe you are looking for a permanent job? 

If so. Gemma has a variety of senior level temporary assignments to 
offer yon. We also bave lots of interesting permanent opportunities to 
explore, and what bettor way to find a job that is tailor-made for yon 
than by trying it out on a temporary basis first? 

All our skilled temporary secretaries are paid the same excellent hourly 
rates and there is a “do strings attached’' holiday bonus for every 750 
hours worked. Ring Gemma Taphn or Julia Stones now cm 434 45 12. 

Crone Corkill 



A sense of fun, knowl- 
edge of word 

processing and good 
secretarial skills are 

secretarial skills are 
the most important in- 
gredients needed for 
this super job in a 
friendly atmosphere 
working for two Mar- 
keting Managers in 
this modem City bank: 


Of course you are, 
otherwise you would 
not be La Crdme. 

Enhance your quali- 
fications with a 
training course on 
IBM's most popular 
systems Displaywriter 
or Displaywriter III 
with Stella Fisher, 
London’s specialist 
IBM Approved Train- 
ing School. 

Elizabeth Hunt 


to £10,000 

JoftithtevatypreBtigloti s CityPRconBUtenGymaecre to yto 
their young dynamic ma nagng director. He’s keen to delegate 
and needs a wsfl organised person to taka charge of lu office. 
Lots of Uson with cSents and a Ml PA rote. T 00/50 skSa 
needed. Age 23+ . 

to £13,000 

A wel known large investment bank seeks a confident capable 
secretary to |uir Mr equities department A proven senior 
level bnchtpowid and the aWBty to work well under pressure is 
essentiaL Benefits include a very generate mortgage subsidy 
and bonus. 90/60 date and WP experience needed. 


23 College Hifl London EC4 0240 3SS\ 


Tired of the TiedUionel Sec raid? As See to Marketing Director 
enjoy less than 50% shorthand typing and concentrate on ovencas 

diem liaison, jetung up meetings snd composing own correspon- 
dence. You will be efficient ace organiser with prev. sen. fcvd 
cap. 100/Mwpm. Age 25-30. Exc peria include boom + mort 


Every ounce of your initiative aad drive needed as Sec to young 
dynamic American attorney. Enjoy a foil Sec role and lots of 

iDtcmaikmal dient liaison. You will be flexible, unflappable with 
skiHs 100/60 + Wang exp. Age 21-35. Beautiful offices W I. Good 

skiHa 100/60 + Wang exp. Age 21-35. Beautiful offices 
parks + early review. 



Use your brain as wdt as your secretarial skills working for this 
wefl Ira vetted director of City brokers. As wdl as shortiumd typ- 

ing; organising travel and appointments yon wiB be given the 
opportunity to tram as back-up metal trader. You will be lively, 
vc with a career in mind. 100/50. Age 20+ . 



01-283 0111 


The No 1 Knightsb ridge People Company is 
looking for outstanding 2nd/3rd jobber to be 
a high flying Information Officer. No previ- 
ous exp nec. 


Exceptional opportunity for Grads. Good de- 
gree, top personality & presentation + that 
extra something ess. 

BBC/M&S/20th C Fox 

As receptionist for this well known design 
Co, these are some of the famous clients you 
will encounter. Slow accurate typing pref. 
Salary to £8,000. 

Susan Heck 


£11,000 + Benefits 

Director, main Board of a major group with 
prestigious H.O. building near St James's Park 
requires an efflcent capable and well pre- 
sented PA/Secretary. 

Excellent references required. 

Please contact 

Mrs. M. McLintock 
01-828 6842 

£10,000 - £12,500 

Impartial reports on 
many Sec/PA vacan- 
cies posted overnight 

Premium Secretaries 

(dec Gobs). 

01-486 2667 


Ffae WP tiwmg for mc to ba 
pan of the bw bang, working 
with a Fmatoaf Execute taking 
Ok Cdy by sunn, 


01-377 6433 

(Roe cone) 


iMIJJrt'l 1 itffE, 1»; (1 1 1, L»W 

cessing skills and 
excellent phone manner. 
The work is interesting, 
varied and at times 
highly confidential deal- 
ing with government and 

public affairs. Salary 
£8,800 + excellent 
benefits including profit 


of Bond St. 

H a S Rtow dba wfTw iui fcM '-- 
01-629 1204 , 





The Chairman of a small 
venture capital company 
with luxurious offices near 
Moorate mods a confidant 
and t&Brful PA. You should 
have a good education, the 
wtttgness to taka respon- 
sibility and tackle a wide 
variety of duties, manyof 
them confidential Tws 
chamattg family man s 
ftappy to detefptB and mil 

And gve you the latest job news from London’s newest recruitment agency. Phone us on Voicebank 01-400 0378. — W 0 8 K I t l 






World of 


Design Co. W8 


We are a specialist publisher supplying a weekly infonnaticra 
service based on law reports. 

We are looking for an experienced Court Shorthand Writer 
to be based in Central London who has been involved with 
Civil Work and who can take down and transcribe judge- 
ments and legal terminology faithfully at a minimum of 

The successful candidate will be expected to work cm his/her 
own initiative working in the High Court and to have 
potential management capability. 

The starting salary negotiable around £15,000 p.a. 

Your administration 
Skills will be used to full 
advantage a s w01 yo ur 
good typing (training on 
Wang Void PiocesanX 
However, this is -not « 
desk-bound rob, regular 
troublc-shoatiag and or- 
ganising events are all 
pan of ibis stimulating 
env i ronment- Age 21 -H 


of Bond St. 

Candidates should send their applications in writing together 
with curriculum vitae to: 

Recnjnmam Consuiwm 
to 55.6 m Www riil c W 
Ot-ezi 1204 

Your newly acquired sec- 
retarial drills and lively 
personality will give jw 
entre into this (mall de- 
sign company- The previ- 
ous college leaver is now a 
riyvflnfer herself - so real 
job prospects. Goo d tete- 
phoac manner important 
at is i flexibility and wifl- 

ingnen to work a s an in- 
tegral part of this i«ati »c 
team - Age 18+. sC7,0Q0 

of Bond St. 

Ha umlmo m Consultant* 
HoSS. 1 — utatoftn-wM 
Qt-a29 DM 

nice to a 


And don't be scared 
of a Cheetah! 

An experienced bank re- 
ceptionist can expect n 

concessionary mortgage, 
ticker loan & other 
financial benefits m add 
to the £9,000 salary of- 
fered by tiui major Amer^ 
ion bank in the City. 
The ’ Monarch, C heetah 
and some accu r ate typing 
win keep you folly in- 
volved with executives & 
diems. Age 23-30. 


of Bond St. 

, BeovnmsnfComwftrnra 

» SS. (urn ft or mf tmm*l 

The New Law Publishing Company Limited 
Walnut Tree House 
Woodbridge Paris, Gufldford 
Surrey GUI IDA 

What’s the difference between shorthand 
and Intermediate word processing? 

About £40* 

Manpower takes cots to assign its 
and type of woric So we pay 
processing skills loan Intermediate’ 
lewol. well put you on to assignments 
that will pay about £40 a week higher 
than for someone who's slrnpfy a 
shorthand typtat. 

>fet the Ts/h Typ‘ wffl sfffl be getting 
first class tales and fhe chance to 
extend through our free ‘Skfflwara~WIP 
fratatag. If youlsaffrie top of the 
temporary kxklec that's how well pay 
you; if not yet, well help you up a 
few rungs. 

ToHrto us about pay ... and aR 
fit# other benefits. Cal ut new. 

^ Secretaries 


m : r Tei 37 

c. £12,000 Central London 

Borland International Is a subsxfiary of a major U.S. 
software house, makers of Turbo Pascal, Sidekick 
and other popular products. . 

We require the sendees of a thoroughly competent 
Accounts and Office Manager to personally handle a 
straightforward set of computerised accounts, to pro- 
vide secretarial mid office services and to act as 
Personal Assistant to the Directors. 

Famfiarity with computers and word processors is 
essential and applicants must have good s horthand 
and typing skflls, experience of office routines and 
services, and the ability to work unsupervised. 

The successful .^ntikfetejwflL have maturity's' relate 
to energetic colleagues, ftexfbBffy to tackle the unex- 
pected and com mi tmen t to business efficiency. 

The job gives a unique opportunity to enhance com- 
puter and administrative skits In a friendly. -and 
informal atmosphere where hard work and happiness 
go together. ' 

Applicants should writs with a fuB CV tcc 

Evelyn Oakley 

Borland In ternat ional (UK) Ltd 
10 Cleveland Way 
London El 4TR 
Phone: 01-790 2424 ext 318 

* Handle : 

10 New Bond St, London W1 
, 01-4931184 ) 

20 dud interviews. not 
A few real crackers. vcsJ 

Judy Farquhanon Limited 

47 New Bond Street. London, W1Y9H A. 

PA - WEST END TO £11,000. 

A Level calibre PA to work for Head of small 
specialist department m very prestigious design/ 
engineering group. Must be mature, lively, intelli- 
gent, good at liaison and have plenty of initiative. 
fOQ/65 skills, phis IBM Disptayvnriter experience. 
Age 25-40. 


Superb opportunity for bright secretary who wants 
total involvement with busy team. Should be flexi- 
ble. well-presented with good communication 
skills & ideally PR/adverbsing experience 90/60 
skills plus WP. Age 20s. Salary to £10,000. 


Do you have Audto/WP? Are you good at admin? If so this 
is an ideal opportunity to make that mow into the Parson- 
mi and Property dep art ment of thte large In ternational 
Airline. Cal Enina PbHfes on 748 9006 


Prestigious company of Computer Consultants are look- 
ing for a profe ssi onal receptionist to answer busy 
switchboard and act as hostess lor their numerous over- 
seas visitors, ff you have fast accurals typing cad Emme 
PMffipson 748 9008. 

For fnillw r dtetaRa of these vacancies + many mam, 
ptosse phone Em ms PMBps on 748 9006 



We are always keen to interview new candidates 
with excellent secretarial skills for varied tempo- 
ray assignments m the West End. 




£ 16,000 


£7,500 for a secretary In a 
prestigious swi estate 
agency may not sound Im- 
mediately attractive. How 
ever, bear in mind two 
things: you can gam around 
£ 2.000 m commtiurion and N 
you prove your worth, them 
o a gamine opportunity to 
be promoted to negotiator. 
An oxco S o m telephone man- 
ner is vital: so H you have 
shorthandteudio and typing 
atals andnave been waning 

£8,500 & bonus 

If an intoxicating working at- 
mosphere appeals to you. 
this effervescent P.a com-, 
pany spadafeses in accounts 
Ci antes and spirts. You wB 
wort as sacrotary/asMtant 
in a young team who are 

Aged 20-30, sophisticated, intelligent, 
well presented Secretary/PA required 
for Young Managing Director/- 
Entrepreneur. Must be prepared to 
work long hours where personality is of 
equal importance to the necessary abil- 
ities. Applicants must live in Central 

looking for s o meone bright 
and enthusiastic to learn uw 
business and than utifea 

for a chance tee this, ring u 
now. Age preferred 22-24. 

Salary £16,000 neg p-a., conq>any mo- 
tor car and/or clothes allowance for 
suitable applicant 

Please write in strictest confidence 
with age and experience to BOX F97. 




Required for New & Exclusive Courturier dress 

designer to assist with clients and production. 
Typing experience an advantage. Monday -Friday 
9-6pm- Salary negotiable. Excellent career pros- 
pects for the right applicant. Please write with CV 

TNs laige established (nvastmant 
pence, organised and effkaent 
exceflent shorthand and audto bac 

produce effective buWifiSS tiaiwn _ _ ---- - 

Exeatoe of foe Reel EstN Ospwtnient Exceflent company 

Contact ua on 439 4001 
115 Shaftsbury Avenue 

producing an 
fang ayswm) to 


The Chairman of this OeveL 
opment Group needs the 
Period PA noth SH to gat 
Involved. You need plenty of 
per se vere ne e and personal- 
ity for this excellent 
opportunity. To ftOJOO. 
nose phone Zandra; 

734 2921 Komposs Ltd. 

Rec. Cons. 

AuSo wth rusty S/H 20 + . 
Join a Bwhf youn taan nerit- 
to n a PA nfeTo E8450 + 

Ptossa can Wltid. 

Mte HaMtlfl * Rk Cam 
01-439 2308 

£14000 PA 

Good ranaod. weo SDOkan. vmfl 
organced wan total integrty PA 
sac for a van anal tBopjr firm nr 
Hofeom Gnus. Eduaad to A' 
Uwl standard. UO/0O skat 
Age 25-34. Must be rumaran. 
(wn smokers). Please ring me at 
my office 

01-404 Till 
(m ifndas pteast) 


FuH-iitne audio medicsd 
secretary for single- 
handed GP in 


730 3792 

after 940 P4& 



We are a busy sales office in Richmond, 
Surrey marketing production equipment 
to the oil industry. This position offers 
opportunities to team the use of a per- 
sonal computer and gain promotion to en 
internal sates position. 

If you are interested in teaming our busi- 
ness, we can provide a challenging 
position with a good salary, BUPA, non- 
contributory pension scheme, LVs and 4 
weeks -hoflday per year. 

Please call or send CV to: 

Mrs fi. Afeeasar 

Dedkaicd Word Processor Openiots . 
••• told 

Secretaries W/P and Personal Conqmthis 
Sk3b : 


Continuous free cron training bn the popular systems and 

toftwarc whh the opportmuty to progress into support 
application and programming and in-company Coo- 
suiancy/T raining which In mm offers extremely at- 
tractive benefits. 



01 439 4001 





Knightsbridge Antique Dealers require an ex- 
perienced secretary, book-keeper, knowledge 
of fine English furniture an advantage. 

Apply John Kiel: 
589 3912 

154 Brompton Road, 
London SW3 1HX. 



Ute. juccmbM oomnwicW 
telavtalo n compan y in SWl 
has an Intoroadna n epo rtu - 

hxs ft kworoatbig opportu- 
nity for an ambtSous com- 

petent person to work in ttw* 
mwmadonal sates otfice. The 

prfttered aga to 19+ vmh a 
100/50 shorthand/Nptnq and 
some hnowtodge of WP. An- 
Mwr tenguaga « dmirable. 
Tins is an axca la m opportu- 
nity to make a career in thn 

alHlMKMUV mnntw. 

Ud. Mae Cora) 
30 Raat Lana, London EC4. 

01,236 0689. 

Frvf (OM( 
Appointments Lid. 




.AIMff. topoBHtifc 
Scortxml NHhon leafinj to hito- 
newng sad sdcctray 
Ciad. or‘V Levd saedard. £10.000 
No SH to tirpaoc bis (tan. Good 
tricptiooc raww ax, Fo0 isvedve- 
metrt aOOO 

CLERK/TYPIST ueq u asst n 

yewnnd Dept oTTop Mini, 
an 2 nan See an. Santor 
bsckcranM sdv. £7.500 - ntonp 

to Val ao 

ReceptiMlsts, Went 
Prac, Secretaries, 
Ward Free. Ops. 



ti you are Tataman trained 
Wd are looking for a new. 
«™*"fl!ng position : to 
•rtuistor.ciart, we have sev- 
«rei vacancies id offer you. 

J««t .Fortte or 
*tog»a Sattery tor mom 
*tafe on 01-688 Ban 



%o&V£ 1 1 


“ g 
•' ^ «S - 
: v.i -'i. 




• • , fcj ••- ‘Tl 

?i i‘: «ki 
*- - a-: ~.J2 - s fe. 

A’-*-' r..- r . r - -- 

■ ---■- :*• --iti j 

4 - <- 


■ ■•• 5ft 

/ ~ 2 -1&’ 

■ 7 ;•»* i.3 - = 

"V^ vt '*' r ^ 


# V 

; n 

} 1 

a i» .'•s ' .-:„ ?,= : N ^ryjy, 

■*“ - ^ ***»=**£ 

< ’V^- Cir^j 


i* . 

•J- yr ;t\“ xJ.\C?\X • 

;-, : .. «' «7-*S5 ! 

• ; j thv i 



.' . - :• •=:?=i:- 

*i™* 5i.^ i 

*"*■ M.&S. 

frrJ ^L 

- rr^Mi^ 




Eliz abe th Hunt 



A tor ertwn ^ Mu *^ 

sff 9 "*•““■ ssaaa.* M*s* 


to £9,500 

ggjypannwn and handikv^^.* ^-^ 8 ^ «> -orotfiabna 
Prospers envriai^JESL^ 

100(50 ««“■ iK ^- 

^^SBedfad Sheet London WC2 01-240 3511 


Needs an unflappable anchor who can run this 
small but busy Knightsbridge office, has the 
personality to deal with clients and will schedule 
ibe negotiators’ day. For this well -organised 
Secretary /Receptionist who must be a self- 
starter, this is a career opening with the 
opportunity of total involvement in this exciting 
field. Remuneration! package negotiable. 

Please telephone in the first instance: 

Mark Broomfield - 569 2133. 



Audio Secretaries - do not stop listening* WouJd you Hte 
to hear atwut our many new opportunities? Every day we 
are taking new vacancies tor audio secretaries m Prc 
any. Read. Fashion and many other companies. 

Come in and see us NOW! 

TELEPHONE 493 1251 




+ Forks 

unu* rnmetr Goroww Hant 


mr MHMwg 0*pt it |Ou am eooi 
[and BOTpt&KV * •opT * OM&ofi 
wnawhtra, im ye* anm t*e. 

«Q & CCmmanCMBB *45 10 0P 

mMd 4 * «s#as aftf» «*- 

aiai fl mjAfiA 

WEST END- 01-938 2IS8 




wsiiij Famous HtuM Cauiura 
Kama mm * m* wan Ena 
ami • wmdp Francn waaigoo PA. 
Vanaa hq Bonong poavton oaU- 

mg mi *■ otto* and teMtqM 
Mnaamn Ocgan** L nM 
s*Wf ncetCM ana tom 
*® Mnm ttws. Siipm pas- 
uon m aatiaaiaiy ptusn 

crrv= 01-461 2345 ■ 
WEST END; 01-938 21SS 



Required to assume administrative responsibil- 
ity for the Academy's entrance procedures and 
other duties. Applications from suitably quali- 
fied young music graduates are especially 

Please apply to: 

The Administrator. 

Royal Academy of Music, 

Mary ie bone Rd. 

London NWf 5HT 
by 8th August- 

Salary £6,900 - £7,713 + LA £1.317 pa. 

c£8,500 + BONUSES 

Would being part of a small dynamic team in 
SSl "ally counts 

Kmi an %u yo “ te?* 2°°d typing and shorthand 
Wrlli W tw^. penen< ? or - a P u ‘°de to operate 
rwL ?%S? ess ? r n ant l M ,cro Computer. Call 
0^28 ^ 781 ^ People Skived international on 



Required (or busy 
Wirnpote Street practice. 
As soon as possible. 


01-580 3637. 



Require conveyancing 
audio secretary. Varied 
duties and scope for 
Tel: 01-242 6017 
Call Mr. B. Martin 
(No Agencies) 



Join a young zany loam 

of brokers and head (or 
quick promotion. As the 

admin support to a 
broker you wffl use your 
rusty typing occastonaBy 
on WP and computer, 
hsuranca experience 


CM Lynn LaS. 

TEL: 01-4866951 




WSth a Junior to dele- 
pa te to, your busy day 
w9l be made easuar if 

C are professional, 
(excetent short- 

aSJSSfS 8 .^. 

TEL: 01-486 6951 


Based n DeaaW olfKBs. mvopm 

«Ui Uk West technology you wril 
3S3SI one of the Consotonts of OU 
prestvous eormany. tawtad n 
•mrkhnde owutwe reoutment. 
you* dunes wu nsude co-onjma- 
«0 ai interviews aid t ne t an gs wm 
cfcents. A smart atwaram and 
good tektriniw manner as leaned 
lor exKosnn people contact. Fast 
audo sMs & rusty snortnand 
needed. Age range - 25-50 

Telephone 01 629 88G3I 




Immense scope for Sec- 
retary with the flair to 
develop one's own role 
in the field of Executive 
Search. Operating as 
part of a team with a ju- 
nior back-up. the brief is 
to provide admunstrative 
support to the Directors. 
A predilection to the 
written wont and a feel 
tor communication will 
see you on your way. 



« SC*;.: ,'mcm : ca.s-vfi. r avj s 

01-629 9323 

Third World 

Superb opportunity lor 
PA/ Sec with interest m Ttanj 
World. Should be an excel- 
lent organiser with good 
Stalls, looking teg lull 

Ring Jane 
01 626 5283 




Small (3) firm of Ameri- 
can anomies based in 
Bond Street requires 
non-smoking Audio 
Secretary with WP 
experience (Wang pre- 
ferred). Excellent 
English is required. 
Present secretary 
leaving to have a baby! 
Salary E9£00 
01-499 4822 
(No Agencies) 


PA/Sk to 2 Dwoors. An eas- 
tern career move wh dlls mw- 
cat p al Co Bared to ifiettma. 
EtW a lugh tore m resoonsu- 
«y. UeaBy you are 35-<0. ex- 
ceBent auto typng. good Enghsti 
grenvnar. fimSy and flextoto 
iwaBn a My. Lott of mvamungni 

Ring Mrs Byzantine 

01-222 5091 

Norma Skemp 

(Opp St Aim Port tub*) 


Electronics company on 
the Thames at Vauxhall 
seeks competent person 
for book-keeping, admin- 
istration and audio typing. 
Friendly atmosphere. 

Salary £9.000 and 
valuable share options. 
Telephone Simon Ad and 
on 627 0168 
for details. 


EDfTHHAL *OT m teaSnO ftto- 

bston Grot moheitien woitang 

mOi top EWSm IM AuMrs. Audo 

sMs. E&950 

BVraULWOmJ oiwMna UK 


no Fleet Snwt EC4 



25-50 to work in 
Chairman's office. 
Electronic typewriter. 

some audio. 
Interesting and varied 
position. Near 
Liverpool Street 9-5 
pm. £9,500 pa. 

01-247 7500 

(no agency) 




Required for Com- 
pany Leasing and 
Trading in Airlines. 
Audio and WP es- 
sential. salary up to 

Please ring Clair on 
01-821 6944 

(no agencies) 



A genuine opportunity lor 
mur bright personality, ad- 
mtotstratM abifaty ana 
sound short han d and typing 
sUHs to the absorbing world 
ot medical people. Lovely 
enwronment near Regents 
Park. At least 12 months ex- 
perience. NO medical 
terminology. CJE9.000. 

01-370 S066 




Unusual and varied Job 
working for young and pro- 
gressive company based m 
heart of West End. 
Reception, telephone, abfity 
to type plus knowledge in 
boofc-kectooig to trial bal- 
ance essential. wp 
experience an advantage. 
Direct latson wuh produc- 
ers. editors ol major TV, fftm 
and edit suite companies. 
BLOOD* wg. ajLS- 

Repty to BOX C8Q. 
No agencies. 

Sec. m M -tvwaba. 1DW50/WP. 

HD H sm*- 1 latrcy aWl KBS 

ok kiWi oi i w atJ. a m aw w 
scoctw IK oner*, ac I soon ea- 
rner Mn London Btcqt Sal Kg ID 
M S 00 im«d alln o mxus. 

Pboac 734 3768 or 437 8475, 
133 Oxford stml. Ret Coot 




BLR SLC lo Dinv CJiml 
Cxn-uliii- o< Mainr PvOlic Rnla- 
Uons (vntpjrn Inirmuivi 
rnni.-nl Goal vrtwrl* lor non I 
rdiulKMIr wilti 40 £.j sKMK. 
Ti Irohfnu- Mnlvu Coin on Ol 

UJ tooo Tma,- 



Our dynamic Director offers a ChaMenging opportunity to a 
young, smart wall spoken person who enjoys variety and 
working on their own rntbaliVB. 

If you have fast accurate typing, shorthand, drive a car and are 
Interested in PR and Personnel, this coiid he the job for you! 
Telephone plana Toone on 01-828 0972. 


BTV M ttUM + boas * I»m- 
Ms 4 m U hni, nal « 
venar md m taa 4 yon snU 
«mn a Dneu taw com re- 

on you ItlB po u nce. 

DcHawB ncMcmWiMm vatag 

VIPs. anBiig dmL taae icgigc. 
mens Md Kxang n B*c imMU 
Ihs OMpKM Dredert sreufe mt 

mw ctot Tub Uwok) ta jgw 
MM uo 25-40 aM pastas coom- 
WW tfeatMU md tnmg. 
■gt wa rei j Mnwhr tMBP- 

MB0. Vmp Ml tciMM ad» 
HrtM Ml manor 4 um P**« 
b»4 ■ tadiMA Scuto Ketontoon 
Hms ettea ratmtt Hath r ftea^ 
wwt m* m>re ud « upvMaa 
5eaauiy. (Ho ttnAnQ. 

sawnwriraomreM — to- 

HV tones. HqMy nncuM M 
coMxtad MWW Dranety Cony 
pany scrit c Stmy to trata n 
KffHMav » M mupW pat ot (far 
losy m The, »e young, rw ml 
iraMy art nod a bn out tosl 

StOP PRESS... Dor to DnnoNm 
Mi onnMn m tasa iungr- 
no* CnoUbncy *gomy non 3 

WCZ. Youne end mnamUne n- 
nanctai ad\ Ism are InaWns far 
dyiwnir. wH-moUvaiM sec- 
huffily amMOouL tor ine future. 
t= Ewrriknt lyptnn wp. -mmMixr 
«d ww of humour will tor 
wen-rouurdM. W# also -haie 
plenty of other occtUno loin, of- 
Irrinn saianes £8.000 
CIOjOOO Please phone Emma 
Corbett or Salty Owens on Ol- 
236 8427 Knjghtsbrldpc 

Secretaries. 4 Pont Street. Lon- 
don SWl 

|oo 5H c> ffuffol. 0«» ■ lo mk b 
tu Qnmo'5 PA C328J £9.500. 
PH tor i Toan Mnw (3M5) 
fsjjoo m on cm n» omm 
M anam 115+1 IWOO TK «mp- 
spbn * wprt. Or emgrornt 
(mg M orawot tfWnM Cap- 
lid at bow tar Mner muffs. 

Ptaasa caO 

l*a KM « UM lUaaff m 
ffMM 38M or IWM DfftZ 

£11,000+ HEADHUKfW**. 

SWl Our rt rents, a small. «vHI 
cstablnhcd and sutcetslul com- 
pany. are looklnB for ihc sixth 
nx-mbec ol thetr I cam to took 
aftw the day to «M y ntnmm uj 
me otltce otus their secretarial 
needs Good typing- ww SH. 
happy ro turn a hand 10 exery 
thing and a sense of humour in* 
eyieiiiial Will recmll own 
minor asAtUanl at a lalrr dale 
For further delaHs ptoase con 
tart Harriet Miadlediicn on Ol 
5Bt 2977 2947 Jane 
Cxmmwalle Recrunmenl Con 
suiiants. 21 Beauchamp Ptace. 
London SWJ 

ACE 20+ ta £9300. At te«a onj 
rears expeilence behind you? 
Then toln Uns C«v bawd pr«+ 
ertv company * iecrotarytoa 
voung. serv charming assoctoto 
direrlor Great prospects emh 

aped, lota Of 'TP client ConlocT 
and amaimg orriCrt. 50 
audio ability needed, shorthand 
useful and WP . ™ 

•efilud Please telephone Ot 240 
mii J5][ (West EIKli OT Ol 
?40 3551 iCItyt- Etirabeth Hunt 

Bn ruinnent Consull anta. 


tia.OOa Then our client, a ram- 
nus name ret ail J Mt ■ wm*” 
like you to become «trew> » 
ihetr properly dtrecwrTnta » 
ideal If vou entoir tarieo ano 
would like ine opportunity to 
a-i out and about on occostoj* 
60 wppa audio ability needed 
and short hand usrfid PJgff 
letepnonr Ol 240 »«» 
fWnt EiMi or Ol 240 39B> 
Elwabrth Hunt Recruit 
mem CwtaUM 

'*K , “ rt ®rvs5 

MTYlMliy to UM“ ftalP* 3W *}. 

ha\e a sorted dal- tooungjMter 
mcir kndy thov/roam . and in 


ssr-swffj -, Eg 


«i Ol 40P 8070 
■ mi rgr.ii ckMUHC Bilingual 


cm h^f** ,l,,cr KSSM„o- 

COLLEGE LEAVER with iFtenen 
‘^Tffl.soo with -AjeceKMed 

Hodge Remuimenl on 
X>m ym. 

sctsKing ral p 

counts wA toaun^ 

ivpmsewnUal at 




hSmIp rtrcrtiiimenl 01495 

. .t« «TTt Ml " ie,l * L P* /sc ® 
I TStARY fc«r' p®* Mit B*"* 

®^SSj 5 

enrunriTH 1 IAW would help 
CHrertorof WlwMer^in lo 
duiir^ Jf, „cuw. tvpand 

5B^?MoK2 01221 MSS 

Becruiiment AdnuntairMton. 
kartell and IntemUng lob for 
, aung secretary who ta pre- 
pared to become part of a small 
team. Good telephone manner 
ewnltal. togather wUh the abU- 
itr to type uyil and take tome 
shorthand, word processor n 
perfencr an advantage. For 
further Information rail Conroe 
Mltaluw. PARC turn Lid. 24 
Adam A Ev e Mewn. London W8 
our Tel. 01-0957 6516. 


Ufrtl t .500 + bonus. We are 
footing for 4 brf^tf fndnfdual 
with good skills and a sense of 
humour loacstatasuper Ameri- 
can \ tee President tn our 
prestigious European HO. In 
w Loudon Lanouaoea useful. 
You should enloy Involvement 
£ responsibility ft in return wHI 
be offered exrellenl career Bros 
peris and superb conditions. Ol 
485 4011 Caslledau. 

•ON THE BALL' £7,500 - this 
leading Theatrical Apmts re- 
a ui n- a brtghi. wrh organised 
sec i nary Locs of frtephone fud- 
son with well-known clients. 
taking bookings, seuuig up In- 
Irrviews etc as wrt as typing 
and shorthand ISO SOL You 
must be patient, alert and able 
to cope with a some umes hectic 
and demanding DOS lion. Age: 
21+ Please telephone 01-493 
5787 Cordon Yates 


Superb opening for a secretary 
took! mi lor total involvement 

As PA io a partner wtthin this 
smalt, dynamic, highly wrt- 
ed consultancy you will 
organwe her diary, arrange 
meetings, type ote*enU»ho» 
and Itaoe wnh Client * and [fur 
lUJbls Pleasatw ViclorWhased 
oiiim Good shorthand and 
typing essential Age: ai + 
Please let 01-409 The 

wont Shop 

uvarnsnw cumsoo - weo- 

^nahinheO Advertising 

cTpwV seekuwan audio 
PA to then MD. in tota wing, 
lively set up you wUI he to- 
solved m Wv ot admm. cttenl 

liaison, iravel arrangemem* e« 
as well as Ptovldthojidl seore- 

lariat backup. Ttextot e and 
nuDusunUr. you should Ptotawg 
al least H vears expeclenre MPi 
eowpm ivtxng. Wea w - c aW Ol 
409 12S2 The Worts SHOO. 


<naiiKh rWCuraw 

rikind audto tvwng * Irt" 
will enable a PA Sec 20V Min 
3 yr» evpi ID asstal the regional 
managers of tota iamoi» Si 
James v miners. Duties will en- 
rompaw total support to much 
travelled men* all their diverse 
anilines v CIO. OOP pa 5 

itnls. superb bens. Jew 

CuIiWiaOI 5898807 OOtORee 


KSICN BkttFnOHHT £7^00 
Join this 

consullanis based In their beau- 
tiful rec option taw ffwrW 
Uieir s IP clients Trendy, infor 
mai aimosphwe Vou should be 
well spoken and i iw narut N ey 
or oo reed switchboard expert- 
eiyr dosfraojebulnoi 
Piivse letephonr _ Ol W 
3611 3631 tWesl troll or 01 

240 ssfif «Otyf- Eimoeth Huni 

Rr-rrutinienl ConwiHants. 
uiiuc CO Admin Sec. no sh 
Tram on rompulers 
(Uv irM MaiiiKNY 111 CUtnmTmi 

Dh *aJooS^ 

TED Agv Ol 736 9857 

orncE Moatot 

with 70+ lo Li£!Lv^ 

A demanding .lgh-_Pfy^[5..£S: 
W1 lo Et I.OOrLWMMhrroigh 

^Shorthand Admin 

M Earls lo mid 
Cl IJtXfi * hM* 1 
Rer Com Ol 8987 06hu- 
Xnwto. SEC. TO-e Admin. 
wSTVn wp for City tnsiiiu- 



B»TSSr««5 5£ «““ 

stuwo'kc C0 ?2U' 

y^p. 1 PR SK ISO bO> 10 MDOI 

g J Mssw«& , aa 


voliriiicnl hl'°ni7X6 4867 

\evoM aHUTgons 01 2» 

(Will tM»0 Sec to 
O^Sfro 24 + 90 SO. Young. 
P'UT vorwl ro. Hapdic Rn 
ll '^««Toi 493 UB4 

^ sPEAKRffC Wliwjual 

tK«a £900° P™ 

404 48M Carrrtour Agy 

niQjSM rotlege teas 


rectors required. Aged over 21. 
W small lanuiy firm in Baker 
Street area L*sr of offfrr car. 
Shorthand lyping and general 
oilier dunes. 6 day week loam- 
Mun Salary by arrangemenl 
according to previous expert 
enre. Musi be able lo start by 
4lh August Tel: 01-724 1444 
for Immediate interview 

Exodus to London lor mi rr ril- 
ing am challenging opening* 
We will gladly help and advise 
on irmporary accom m odation. 
Conroe leaver secretann ur 
gently required lor career tops 
with lop cempanim. Please 
phone Ol 583 1034 McredHh 
Scot! RecruilUM-nl 

Promotion Co. wa. No short- 
hand but will work with a 
Account Exec-son protects using 
IBM PC. will cross train. Young 
in/ermaf atmosphere, salary 
caECO nog. For interview tele- 
phone Veronica Lapa on Ol 937- 
6626. Centacom Stall Agency. 

■ASIC TT W MC Phta -A* leveta? 
Vatmp first or second tabher 
needed by small friendly firm of 
accountants located to nvenide 
warehouse bar Tower Bridge 
■own vwimniriajMli) Training 
on WP given - excellent oppor- 
tunity to progress. Phone Nkd la 
Firth an 01-231 8761 

OK. jCO. Wt seek a Secretary/ 
Asatstanl wUh SH for Market- 
tnoOh/Moo. Wmoo vvp out win 
ero m tntn. French. Oarman or 
ltallan language an advantage. 
Saury negotiator w £10.000 
pua. For InMrvlew telephone 
Veronica Lap* on Ol -937 6626. 
Centacom Start Agency. 

in Covenl Carden require* Sec 
retary Rereptlotusi surfing, 
salary wiih prospreu. 
WP experience- essential 1 nielli- 
grnl all-rounder required with 
minimum five yean offlre expe- 
rience in similar posiiton- Reply 
io box F93 with lull C.V 

LOGffCA VK WF OP £11.300 
equiv tor WE- Cosmetic's 
House Call Sue Jay Olliee An 
gels Rrmntmenl Consul unw 
Of -630 0844. 

■tCCCTTK>MST£8JX>0- Profcy 
stonaL welMpoken tecepitoni<tt 
required lo iwk for this friend- 
ly. welt established Advertising 
Agency As well » answering 
their busy switchboard, you 
will be typing Wiers and 
memos and greeting clienta and 

guests. Exert Ion V presen Ul ton- 
good lYPtoo lafiwpmi and previ- 
ous experience are ewntiaE 
Age: 2540 Please tel 01-409 
1232 The Worn Shop. 
TRAVEL £8.000 - L tuque oppor 
1 unity to Wilt a new division of 
tnis oresiigtous csiaMisnmm as 
learn secretary lo Ihecr Tour 
Operations. As well as 
organising travel Hmcrm and 
providing secretarial support, 
men* is opportunity for further 
training. The atotoy to worx on 
your own InlUalfve is esfdn/MI 
Stulls 80 60. Age: 21*. Please 
lelephone 01 -493-6787 Cordon 
Yates Consultancy. 

2Stsh. WUI (tod overall 
involvement & pantetpatton in 
running small immarkrt Moch^ 
broking srt-up in WCZ- Pubiir 
school education, good typing 
knowledge pc. A inendiV ap- 
proach. All MWfillal to making 
Uiis a marvellous opportunity.' 
rCg.OOO pa + bonus. Joyce 
CtonessOl 5896807 0010 Rec 

BANKING £7,500. This Is an ex- 
ret lent opportunlD- lor a bright 
and energetic mwe k '»'T 
who warns lo gel Into banking. 
S ou will assist a very deupht/ul 
senior secretary wno is tovehr 
to work IOC TWs Is a peal op- 
portunity to ronsolidato »wir 
skills and gain experience to on 
d the most prestWou* hMtJ« ; J" 

I he OH- Telephone C^rtoinc 
King APPta on Ot 499 8070 
M«rM an- soupm by s ficmii ic 
ad* Kory body to me rowieur 
and perfumeries todustry haaed 
III Mar MW Non nrirarchlcal 
-small company" oiinospneTe. 

An outgoing. 

proarn & requesled plus good 
n pmg and mmimron 18 

Salary to t8.5O0. PWxw" w' Ol 
409 1232 The Work Shop 
in chortHANO - »osJ tots of Int- 
u^fvr^*TP skills, solid banking 
cMJTTKWr and ideally 4 
penloiinrt «>mui hac^wound 

travel, dun- rtc to Cih bank 
Mnluage subsidy. CiaSC^j 
Call 377 BbOO iCtlyl Or ** 
700J iWFgl Endi SerrrMrwx 
Plu^ The Srcrrianal 


AOMIN WO^OO - Nwnrraie. 
eomrteiUKms^ ane i lleMtoe pec 

son required to «oin im* 

Consullanis b»«l to Ch rtsea 


^w^arc *^bJegoojt 
Lvmng shuts a ?. J 
Please lelephone 01-493 57 »t 
C ordon Vows OortauMawy 

join mis famous ij^mc Mailalf 
wine ronmanvas bi ■•"JJJJ’JJL 
irtan lo a riiwcMr. 1 oh^jjg 
be numerale v»Hh 90 55 sMIta 
• andWPexpffWWP MeawK*' 

pnwr 01 200 
■ West End i or Ot 240 saot 
milk Di/abelh Hunt RccruU- 
menl Consonants*. 

bridge! For college WWr 

vSSi Oood WPW" 

r£7.OO0 po + 

Jea «* CUffltoM... g> 
^^-0010 pec Com- 
PJL !• M.D. C8 10.000 + bo- 
r _._ in elv person , i*»pB | w't 


mmi Marshall Shenkan oi raw 



Ton 10 lake p?«h 

Appl> PIT 0» 499 80TO 


Bank are rurmiilv seeking a 
veiling 5 H Sec for a chaltenq 
mg and rewaxnnq r.irwT In 
rrfum inr good ski IK there will 
be enered n salon- of c £ 8.000 
+ exretlrnl propccls. Ol 377 
0488. CSC Agy 

MFD CLERK - VDU OP tor pro 
lessional consulianrv. Victoria 
Sales unpori onto Wang lermi- 
naL Earellenl promotion 
piospcrls Salary r. C9.000pa 
For inliTv lew lelephone Vcrtmi 
ca Lana on 01 937 o62S 
Cerilarom Stall Anencv. 

and inirtllgenl personal seen*. 
Mrs- required lor senior partner 
ol established lira, to estate 
agents Own olive and pleasant 
surroundings Salary arcordinq 
lo experience. Triephone Ol 
23S 7097. 

AUDIO PJL £0650 Weu End Ie 
gal prarlire 2 partners 
Charming people and splendid 
environment. Bonus Subs Rttl 
PPP. Call Sylvia Lang Office 
Arvgelt Recrullment Consul, 
lanls 01-630 0844. 

AUDIO TYPISTS £185 row. Two 

needed fast and for long+rrm 
putooninp PrtXect In West End 
Speeds 63 wbm hrtwul. Call 
Sue Jay Office Angels Rrcruil- 
menl Consuuanis. 01-630 


PU BLMl i n C7JMO PA/Secre 
tary to Publicity Director and 
Pram Officer. Lots of client Uai- 
aon and Involvement In this 
rewarding area. 90/60. 

' 01-493 8676 Duke Si- Rec 

YOUNG SEC £77S0Wv. Take 
r haroe of manager's toflce Lota 
ot engineers around Visitors. 
Will X tram Wong OB CallSyl 
via Lang Ofln+ Anopis 
Recrullment Consullanis Ol 
630 0844. 

ADMMQmtATtON/PA £10,500 

to asusl Chairman within Ihta 
upmarket fashion company 
Only 30" ■> secretarial dulles 
100 60. 01-493 8676 Duke 51 
Rer Cons. 

PROPOTTY PA £10,300 into 
SHI. Assist friendly Cxeculive 
within ihro young and ouipefno 
company. Fast ropy typing- Ol 
493 8o76 Duke St. Rec Ottos. 


£10.500 The chairman of this 
lop I ash Km housr needs an ex 
pertenevd -vecrelary Ai well as 

doatlnp wilb policy planning at 
inlemauonal level, he has lots 
of con lari wiih charities and 
qovemmrnl miwslees. so tact 
and diplomacy are iwo quaUM 
he values Skllb HO 65. Age 
r40 years- Tetephnhe Carolin e 
King Appts on oi agg 8070. 

■CCEPYlONUnr <£5,000 - ur 
grnuv sought by this large Bank 
based in rabutous Qty Offices 
As well w greellng chenls and 
running (heir busy reception 
you will be providing secretin 
at iMCkupioaManaperand his 
Assistants. Fast typing imin 
30wpm>anaai least t years ex 
pcnence are requesied Pteaw 
telephone Ol A 93 6787 Oordon 
Yatrs Consultancy 

AOMOmSMC/PR £7.000 Are 
90 45 speeds and wanl to gel 
into something arty, exciting 
and run? As second secretary to 
Hus w-tizy rhirl executive you 
will be coven rwlleni 1 raining 
and learn all about the advert*, 
mg and PR business. Age 18+ 
Trteohone Ol 499 8070. Caro- 
line King Appts 

£8,000 Flexible, professional 
liHiiq secretary required lo 
work with IhK. small, friendly 
learn General secretarial duues 
inr luding shorthand, answering 
telephones, greeting cllenb toe 
Preferably 1 years prrv lous sec 
rrunal experience Age. 22+ 
Please telephone 0443 5787 
Gordon Vales Consultancy. 

GOOD ITALIAN? £10.500 Then 
km n inK leading Qly merrtiani 
bank as secretary to a director 
in thrtr marked ng division 
Benefits include bonus and 
marl nape subsidy- 90 ISO skills 
and WP experience needed 
Please ftofobooe 01-240 
3511 3531 iWeM Endl ro 01- 
2403551 iQiyi- DliaheUt Hunt 
Recculimenl Consultants- 

COLLEGE LEAVER wllfi 90 45 
lo assisl seereun- la me Chief 
Cxeculive of s malar cuy bank 
ing group. Good promotion 
prospects and will ira m on 
Wang C7.0O0 Call 377 8600 
•CIH- 1 or AM 7001 iWesl Endi 
Secretaries Plus The S« retan 
ai Consullanis 

60 + typing and good education 
tor American bank Director in 
tnr City WP trainino ottered, 
free lunches, bonus, sports club 
membership C6 EDO* . Call 577 
8600 (Qly i or 439 7001 «Wni 
Lnd i Secretaries Plus TheSec 
i r la rial Comuitanta. 

SECRETARY. 23+ lo organise to 
lire and Or Vm anchor lor small 
iratongro airline In sown SWl 
toilers All round skills of Irirx. 
wp. audio and ideally Short 
band remUred. C9.O00. Call 
377 8800 iQlvr or 439 7001 
■west Endi Secrrtarws Wi» 
The Srctrianal Consullanis. 

h t 232StUi will enioy total in 
volvntiml in aamin A co- 
ordination wiih 2 lively 
Marketing Director’, of major 
Ski non*! group Plenty of 
scope A rhalkwpi rCU.SOO + 
perks Joyre Cuuvess Ol 589 
880? OOIO RW Com 

8R AGENCY. SW1-. ReceodouW' 
Secretary and Audto Secretary 
urgently needed. Oood vo lee. 
19+ yr* with accurate typino. 
AortRH -Wordstar) useful Non 
•mg ken only. CBffl Susie on 01- 
630 6434 

Susie on 01-630 5464 

SEC 'PA c. £10,099 Personnel 
Du rr lor of miernalional Qly 
based Publishing Company rr 
wines an exp. shorthand Sec 
uiin HP skilK Total invoivi*- 
mtoii unn »oo saiMactkm 
gilaienteed Don Consultancy 
01 734 oOBO • A9V* 

SH SECRETARY E 10.000 Air 
vou smart fir apontranie? Can 
vou work on vmir g*ff milia 
live? H.tve you lilxff data toilh? 
Our rtienl would like lo hear to 
vou Ple-rve ring M^hPoaea* 
,11 RPL Mi 01-588 6?32 RrC- 

COPT SEC £172 lor 31 weeks 
work wiln targe Retail Store 
Croup Seme to humnut vital 
some real perks. Call sue Jay 
Otnre Angels Rerruilmrnl Ctoi 
sill Units Ol oSO 0844 

JNR SEC £8000 Overseas Dept, 
ol lamnus Mayfair rr.rpn HO 
Kou smoker l.V "s Oxxl hnls 
Coll Su/anne Dunptiv Ollier 
Angels Retniilmrnl Consul- 
I an Lx Ol 830 0844 

PJL. to PROP HR £*>000 HQ to 
roan I rorp Hyde PV Pier very 
vaned dunes Sim smart amoi 
Ikms person Call Suiunne 
Dunpnv CH I ire Angels Rerruil 
then I Consultants Ol 630 0844 

TELEX £8000 pin. PkradiUy 
Olives very Import post in 
internal dept Good L Y V Bo- 
nus Call Svlsla Lang On we 
AnneK Rerruilmenl Conlulunli 
01630 0844. 

One to Londons, leading firm to 
solintars currently seeks ge«i 
audio u*cs to Win ineir expand 
Inq rnmbany . Please contact on 
Ol 377 0488. CSC Agy. 

ENTERPM5IN0 New Victoria to 
fire needs Manager Secretary 
£7.6O0pa. Plenly to responsibd- 
l tv CaU 01286 9017 latter 






Unique financial opportunity 
exists io set up own Cosi- 
ness with no capital outlay 
within a secure office envi- 
ronment. Graduates or 
career minded individuals 
(23-35) with a sense of hu- 
mour cafr. 

me Recraiteaf Manager 
on 01-491 0934. 

verslly students to help with 
nop narx rsditg stortmg I si Sep- 
temner fro 3-4 weeks. Apptv in 
wriung io E Wickham A Sum 
Ltd . comboume Farm. 
Goudhursi. Kent TNI7 iLP 


nines (or ireetance Coni Primer 
+ promollon work It you are 
under SO. allractive ♦ have tab 
to personality call Jenny Buck- 
ley Slwrp on 01602 7 LSI 

RECEPTIONIST £9,000. Small 
Co need presentable, wril-vw. 
ken person wjlh 40 w p m 
typing Age. 25 35 SWl tora 
Uou jaygar careers istoatw 
5a i Lid. CU-7JO 5148. 

WEST END Art Book Shop wonts 
girl or man. over 20. lo mm 
small stall £6500+ WWr 
Wiih CL IP S3. Georges Gallery. 
H Duke SI. SWl 


Our clients, based in Hammer- 
smith. need a young, imgni 
person wiih »mc retail expert 
ence and an uuerrxi and 
knowledge ot fabnc* and wail- 
papers lo asstsi ihr manaoereM 
wun riu-nlv drsign vnenves. 
and day la day running to a sue 
ressful and well esiabUshed 
yhpw-room. Some typing and 
nurro-racy are necessary loo 
C7.5O0 For lurlher details 
pleaw cotilaci Lucy Lutyens on 
Ol 581 2977 2947 Jane 

Crpsihwalle HecnUUnml Con 
xuliants. 21 Beauchamp Place 
London SW3 


perience and a positive 
prrxonabiy? Use your consider 
able remdhng cxpenencr. 
rnmmlimeni and drive to gain 
you lob salKfocUon and finan 
nai rewards Secretaries Plus 
and WordPttB one 2 spertaUsl 
divisions and a consultant is 
needed tor each In IheWert End 
due to expansion. Satan 
tl3.0OCvC16j0OO*-+ Call Lyn 
Cent on 439 7001 

lonl with exp to company 
secretarial work + typing lor 
own report, and correspon 
rtnirr. lor Wl accountants 
Some training to nrcceswry 
salarv to £12.000 depending on 
rspenence Call *39 7001 

.West Endi Or 377 8600 iClIVI 
Seri eiane. Plus The Sermon 

al Consullanis 

PART / FULL-TIME Cheerful will 
mg and reliable stall required in 
our Resiaurotiis « Tnevtctoru 
and Alnert Museum and Thr 
Museum to London Some 
weekend work Pay £2.30 ph + 
meals. Conrart Saiutv 
Coiseadden Vi A 01-581 SIP? 
or Mrl> ChlbPeU. Museum « 
London Ol 726 4446 


pari lime secrelafY lo work 2w 
3 days a week or 3 4 noun per 
dav Ctnse Uanvn Sfreri Who. 
phone Marie 01 -387 2836 

prose and natural maim lor 
Manaqrtnml Coieulunl in ihe 
West Cnd Look after their dr 
indiiiui rpcepuon. book 
rmUerenre rooms and aperau* 
umMe swiienboard would pm 
Mbit tram Mornmgv or 
ai lr moons Age range 2D35 
\r- r £6.500 Phone 683 1034 
Meredith Srtol RemdlmenJ 
QUIRED to work 3 days a week 
as Personal Assistant svilh gen 
rral oil ice duties in small. Inch 
toiler v irturia arwisiarUnqSro 
i ember CVs lo BOX F98. 
SECRETARY /PA with iWliathe 
rrauirrd tor London Wine Mor 
, (ham swa. rieMWr hour* 
—Telephone Ot 625 7437 




£7 P.H. MIN 


Call Laura on 

01-242 0785 

"TexscnmeL Appointments 

95 Aldwych. London WC2B 4JF. Tel: 01-242 0785 
(ansaphone alter oiiice hours) 

BEGIN TODAY! Plenty to Inter 
rslinq assignment with 
Publishers. Architect*. Advcr- 
using and PR and ptosh 
Merdunl Bankers' Too rales 
and rtumpagne an Wednesday 1 
Covenl Carden Bureau. 1IO 
Fieri S4 . EC4. 353 7to»6. 


PA Sec with or without short 
hand Musi be n-uxnatble and 
able to run ine show Top rales. 
Jaygar Careen cgloane Sq) Ltd. 
01 730 2312 


PA Sec Lois Of Clmll contact 
and audio exp essential Top 
rules Jay-gar Careen iSloane 
Sq. Lid 01 730 2212 

AES OPS £7-00 WL Iram Uart 
Cili kevsione Emp. Agy. 283 


SUCCESSFUL Marketing Direr 
lor from Computer Industry 
looking lor new challenge 
Morin West N wales torauon 
pcrtemxt Tcf (0244# 317263 


PA Sec WP exp useful tor one 
monih Mugnmem. Ton rales 
Javqar Carrors -Stoane Sgj Ltd. 
01-730 2212 

skuto lor lemporary permanent 
work in universities, charities 
•Hr. Please ring Pmpert Temps. 
Limited ■ staff agencyi 629 1331 

TEMPS WANTED Required by 
our City clients to rover holiday 
penod Xerox 860 wp qp. SH 
ScnTtanos and a 

Rerepbomsl Typisl Good 
rales RingJnyrePeaseyatRPL 
on 01-588 6722 Rec Cons 
UMDKROtABS »Wi secretarial 

skills lor immediate, inleresung 
bookings Ice summer vacation 
Contort Sally Bird Ol 583 0055 
Men-yNi ft Scon Rtcrutimeni 



FRENCH AU PAIR. 21. seeks 
work in London. Demoiquri. 
937 Cour Aginfaine. 92!Oa 
Bouktgiie. Biltancaurl. France 



Publishing company are 
saekmg a school or coflfige 
(savor to deal with admims- 
trauon and recep. Excalent 
opportunity for someone 
with initiative. 18 + perma- 
nent EG 300. 

CM Mmw Rec Con 
on 01-370 1SG2 


early September for rtderty 
remote Modem counlry house. 
Comfortable healed 

accomodation provided Might 
suit 2 people on rtoa bases Re- 
ply to Marsh Court. 
Snerbourne Dorset. 

ASSISTANT To Manager. Super 
new cafe in presuorous Art 
Gallery. Sun young emhustas 
l»c. responsible pers on. 9.00 - 
5.00. Five days. 01-377 6182. 
Eves 6 Mrsoeges 01-602 3612. 

QUALIFIED, experienced Nanny 
25 35 yrs for 4 yr old child in 
Jordan working alongside BrU 
Kh Nannies. Phone 09904 


reguirrd by luxury &W5 Hotel. 
Must Nat e previous note I expo- 
rieiwe £6.000 Call Monroe 
Rec Cons 370 1562 


School hols a PTOMem? Moihers 
helps Nanmr-i avail now Tel 
Cnm i091 1 284 7474 Agency 


B7 Regent Slreri. London Wl 
Tel 439 6534 UK Overseas. 
Also m Helps dams temp prim 


Confined trim page 25 




ACM a ntamg Mh h asptot 
Cut be. boffltsd Hades. 
mm. Mi ape 89*'s c top. nr 
drag kt sBka. qmHb ot lattan 

D1 -441 -0122" 

I iundfrohwBnli 

aroi — 


CONFU-5 BEST, tnmv a urnri 
nofnfdi- in - unvixK/f J&unrnjfci 
Gocgeous .swimming, superb 
views, viius for 3D. scheduled 
flwnis I com Heathrow on 
Thursdais. iron ihe few-. 
Sunscape Hotutavs Ol 948 
5747 ABT4 

GREECE. Lnspoill islands, enrao 
f dunes, t ilia rerilah etc 2 rus HTO 
KtalS 01434 1647 Alol Alla. 



A 1 ilia, a pom and a omndiful 
view is hoi nxne could you 
want? Choose nom Tuscanv. 
Saldinia or RairllO Ihe loved 
er parts of Italy where the mass 
markri operalors don't qn Or 
com rune a v ilia holiday with a 
Slav in kroner, norrnce or 
Rwnr Free Brochure from 
Magtr of non . Depl T. 47 Sheb 
herds Bush Green. VVJ2 APS 
Tel 01 749 7449 i2d hrs 


Prices from £180 per week. 
Chanter Train 01 58b 945 1 . 



ALGARVE. For tote summer a 
Autumn at aiMbtllu af 
Portugal's exclusive Carvoeuo 
Chin wun luxury villas, apart- 
ments. pooh £ nukd srox ice call 
Palrina vs'UdMood kid 0249 
81 7025 or Ol 658 6722 ABTA 

ATOt 1276 

ALGARVE. Sensalional stalled 
villa for 6 on Um Beilina G ml 
Course C 2 . 20 Opw Available 
23rd Auq Pool 800 k lor me 
Aluarvc Autumn now wtm ine 
Algarve Alternant e 73. SI 
James's birert. London SWl 
Trl Ol 491 0802 
ALGARVE - 7 Aug. gloriuv ten 

veiled larmhMisc. sips o. Owe 

pool Alto IllUe collages '« 2 
shainiu pool, inispoill rounirv- 
•Jde nr -ca L5&7 CW7 ffp.2 

wfcs mr in e« Cmlito 0763 
. 48811 ABTA 

ALGARVE, lux villa Carvoeuo 
top* o. pvfe poo* au*j Aid. 
2 wks Wtin flh i« MG. toner 
1 tali-, a* ail J399pn 8^60 Ml 
lav Do! 835 <>004 ABTA 
ALGARVE- Lux vtlfav with poofs 
r!!ph Avail Jin On Ol 409 
2RJ8 MllaWnrld 
ALGARVE. Milas with ports - Thp 
vX we.irv ®1 H2J 847* 


MAfcBCLUL Lux vtliav wiih 

prods Al.UIJIlh IP Oft 409 

2A38 XtltaWorlll 



TURKEY- Hvlir.iv*’ nolidayk 
aiaiiame clued lii'ihh. 29 JuJv. 
5 13 Ain from U<fl Twkhtl 

dh Mint Hona.iv-; 01 891 
• e4eW2Jnp« ,\TOL 2047 





47 Resons m Swrcxtand. 
Ausm France A Italy. 

The Bmesi ttotex On Skis! 

„ 01 785 2290 

Ex Gawk. Luton. ManEhtstD. 
Glasgow & Effintangh 

0422 78121 

mk 16723 A10L 1232 

SKI WEST bumper broenuce out 
now pocked with off ffte tap re 
sorts. Sunday- Ihqnn. meal Ibe 
irautr-i. and ankuirotiy low 
Pitres starting a* £59 Ring 10 1 1 
7 85 9999 tor four COM' 
ABFA69256 ATOL1383. 


ISLES OF SOLLY. Cornwall. Su- 
perb house available Set Del 
Sleeps 6. Phone Ol 934 3801 
Dav inn*. 0733 455637 Eve- 
lungs W ends. 


DORSET 3 bed furnished farm 
foliage on edge lovriv Rhode 
dendion Mile, ideal families, 
qdn Shetland ponv revi- 
dcift' PlMJdletOwn. HOT pw 
Avail HI COIh Sepf. 03005 305 



Available for commer- 
cial properties, hotels, 
licenced premises, 
businesses etc, also 
building, development 
and project finance. 

Call 0803 

(24hr answer phone) 



Of fl STICE dared toe 10th dav 
to \miI io8»MrCHRISTOPHCR 
lieen appouued Uuutcttlor of the 
alMienanird Conutanv wun ior 
wiinouii a Committee of 
1 f)**po* llOii 

□aim this ioih dav of July 


928 S 1884 4 too B Reg. Metallic 
Brau/e ivith Brown leather m 
. ter tor J4 OOO miles Fullvtareo 
furi. Htinroot Fully Serviced 
ISH imnuc rood C26D00 
Tel >021 > 356 3388 dav 

■XI. Cai rro a Sport** Coupe I'm* 
i A’ 2° OOO mlev One on-net 
run Srovire History Brice 
C21 PSD Tel Day- ozas 
8667M Eve 0536 33097 . 


NEW VW AND AUW modelv Inc 
CTi al darounl. rapid delivery 
Phoenix CCS 126 4676. 


230 T.E. Auto. White. May 82. 
61.000 mue» S.Roto ptuv other 
rxlrdk FSH lmmacutate condi 
noil C6.99S. TW- 0608 50308 



fPTTTv For immedtafe tram- 
jjrlr fer C3 OOO arm. 

T«fc (0742) 890252. 


a HAWI CK. PubWher* How. Si 
Albant Avenue, attractive Ed 
wandlan terr a ced house. 3 
creeps, 2 dWe bed*, and study 

on iwo floora. modernised wiih 
new roof, ttamo gtiaraniee. new 
dram*, and pa» fired centra) 
hnauno- fined e at pe l * and nook- 
shrive* included. £94.600. Tel 
01-840 1260 


WESTltiUHKTEADIl rmhse 2 

ntalsoneTM CH. Outck sate 
LIBS OOO Tel. Ol 346 OSS8 to- 
01 436 2910. 


HEAVER ESTATE Four rerun al- 
ed VKtonan period lainiiv- 
home Semldeialchcxl 6 bed 
loom*. ? bathroom* wiin tar*e 
inepiion r«im* grden 
Cl as OOO Tel 01 6T2 75M or 
CCSo SS577 




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_ La Creme for top legal secretaries. 
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La Creme de la Creme and other secretarial 

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Antiques and Collectables. 


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Restaurant Guide. 


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Guide to career 

*n. JL JKJt-tX d**: m a , -i J—K 


Not just a matter of course 


A series of weekly articles on the problems of young people 

beginning courses of higher education starts today. The 

series will also look at the possibilities for those whose A- 

levels have been a disappointment The first piece, by 

Beryl Dixon, offers a guide to making the right choice 

Taking a higher education course mean* 
not only a commitment to studying a 
subject but also entering into a whole 
new lifestyle and environment Employ- 
ers are not usually impressed by people 
who have dropped out for whatever 
reason. It pays to take time now to 
ensure that vou get the choice right and 
in October 1987 euro} at a place in which 
you am happy to live and reading a 
subject you enjoy. 

Getting in las been referred to 
cynically as a lottery — and there is an el- 
ement of truth in that You complete an 
application form on which you may only 
name a small number of places. You 
can't possibly visit them all, and 
therefore have to base your choice on 
limited information. Course selectors 
want the best possible candidates. They 
can't see everyone; so rely heavily on 
school references. 

So. just how do you choose where to 
spend the next few years? You may feel 
that the emphasis is wrong here, particu- 
larly if you have been reading about 
higher education cuts. Do you have 
much choice? Surely colleges select you? 

The more popular a course, 
the higher die entry grades 

Yes. you do have a choice. You should 
not make a rushed choice, or apply to a 
place rumoured to be easy to get into for 
instance, if you would not genuinely be 
happy there. That doesn't mean that 
every candidate has the same amount of 
choice. Unfortunately, a market place 
economy exists. Some establishments 
are more popular, and can ask for higher 
entry grades in order to reduce the 
number of people they have to consider. 
So are some subjects; and the “asking 
price" can vary here too. 

Just to compare two subjects — offers 
on average last year for business studies 
were around 1 1 points in the universities 
and seven in the polys, while for physics 
they stood at nine and four respectively. 
(Standard definition of “points"; A = 5, 
B = 4. C = 3, D = 2, E = 1.) 

Total applications to university did 
actually drop, largely due to the reduced 
number of 18 year olds in the popula- 
tion. but the perennially popular subjects 
received sufficient numbers of applica- 
tions to keep the offers fairly high. These 
included most traditional A . level .arts 
subjects and those which appear to offer 
good : career prospects, such as law. 

medicine and computer science; Less 
popular are the sciences, technological 
subjects and new subjects — those not 
studied for A leveL 

The same universities and polys are 
the most popular every year — normally 
those in the south of England, and the 
universities of Durham, York, Manches- 
ter, Edinburgh and St Andrews. High 
flying candidates are those confidently 
expecting excellent grades and character 
references who can afford to apply for 
high demand subjects at popular places. 
The rest must be more realistic: 

Getting a place is complicated, and 
can involve dealing with several differ- 
ent admissions systems. You probably 
know already that in order to apply to 
universities you complete a Universi ties’ 
Central Council on Admissions form, 
between 1st September and 15th Decem- 
ber. listing up to five choices in 
preference order. 

You apply to degree courses in 
polytechnics through the Polytechnics* 
Central Admissions System, listing up to 
four in alphabetical order on their form, 
and between the same dates. Teacher 
training, physiotherapy and occupation- 
al therapy courses have their own 
clearing system with specific closing 
dates. Specialist colleges — of music or 
agriculture for example do not. If 
applying to these, or to diploma courses 
in polys, you obtain forms directly from 
the colleges. 

Most colleges of higher education 
recruit independently for their degree 
courses, although some prefer candidates 
to apply through the Central Register 
and Clearing House, the clearing bouse 
which handles teacher training applica- 
tions. It is advisable to spread your 
applications across the spectrum, trying 
universities, polytechnics and colleges. 
Since there are 30 polys, 96 universities 
(counting the London and Welsh col- 
leges separately) and a large number of 
colleges, it means using your summer 
holidays to do some research. 

The first priority is choosing the 
course — and doing so realistically. In 
other words, do not apply for Law or ' 
English if you anticipate only moderate 
grades. Luckily more institutions are 
beginning to state the entry grades 
required in their prospectuses. 

Do at least consider taking a new 
subject. Many are offered in higher 
education that are not taught for A leveL 
And do.check the course content. A new 
subject may not be what you expect 

Agriculture is a prime example. Far 

from being a practical course, it is. at 
some places, virtually an applied chemis- 
try degree. Even if choosing a familiar 
subject do not make the mistake of 
assuming that all courses will be the 
same. Syllabuses vary considerably. 
English may or may not include Anglo 
Saxon; languages may emphasise litera- 
ture or may be taught with a linguistic or 
business bias. 

Next comes the choice of a place. 
What sort of establishment would suit 
you? Would you be happy in a city or 
prefer a campus? Areyou influenced by 
“soda! standing"? How important is 

The written word is no substitute for 
actually seeing a place and asking 
questions. If you are able to visit some 
this summer, do. There will be few 
students about but you can absorb a fair 
amount by wandering around. But in the 
main, you will have to rely on hand- 
books and prospectuses. Every institu- 
tion will gladly send you its prospectus. 
Do remember that they nave a PR 
function. A contrast is provided by 
alternative prospectuses produced by 

Do not forget that each 
university has a PR section 

most students' unions. These can be very 
critical! However, if you read both you 
should get a picture of the place. 

Many institutions now have video 
prospectuses covering student life, teach- 
ing and accommodations They ’ are 
usually available on loan to schools 
rather than to individuals, and some 
universities, strangely, do not permit 
schools to make copies and keep them 
for reference. If you can view a selection 
of these, you will probably find them 

For comparing courses, the CRAC 
Degree Course Guides (available in most 
schools) are invaluable. These contrast ! 
the approach to a subject at different 
places, telling you. for example, how 
much accountancy features in different 
business studies courses or describing 
the balance between different topics in 
social sciences courses. 

Lastly, if you do make a start now, you 
have plenty of time to write and ask 
questions if the various sources of 
information leave something unclear. 
Most admissions officers are happy to 
answer letters from prospective students. 



[ NJ\ FKSI n 

tsssn, skoc&nl Ebaofetiy. 
Apptkzms should hold or 
expea to obtain • ftmor 
upper second dam honour* 
degree or its equivalent in 
Cbcmisny or a retard 

mdudiug the names of two 
referees and, if posable. « 
daytime telephone ruunber 
should be sent to The 
Postgraduate Adusssioss 
Txnr. Department of 
Chemistry, The U ni ver si ty, 
South ampto n S09 5NH 
(telephone number 0783 
559122 Ext 3611/3333} from 
whom further particulars may 
be obtained. 


GCE retakes - 
Which College? 

Consult os about *0’ 

and ‘A’ level retakes and 
get expert advice on 
tutorial colleges. 

Our counselling is free 
and objective. Our offices 
are just six minutes by 
Underground from 
Marble Arch. ■ 



Applications are invited from suitably 
qualified persons for the above post, which 
will be established from 1st October 1986. 

The administrator is responsible to the 
Head of Department for financial and 
budgetary control, for administrative work 
in connection with the appointment, of all 
grades of departmental staff, for the general 
management of programmers, technicians, 
clerical and andllaiy staff, for the care and 
maintenance of the department’s buildings, 
and for all other aspects of departmental 
administration. Salary will be on the 
Administrative scale H within the range 
£12,280 to £15,700 (under review) 
according to age and experience^ with 

Further particulars of the appointment 
nay be obtained from Professor CAJL 
Hoare, FRS, Computing Laboratory, 8-11 
Keble Road, Oxford 0X1 3QB, to whom 
applications giving a curriculum vitae and 
the names erf two referees should be sent by 
4th August 1986. 


wm asms nu. gblumbi wa 3u 
l&um StiMMBMH 



Faculty of Agricnltnaial Science 
Department of Applied Biochemistry and 
Food Science 


Applications are united for tbe above thr ee -y e ar post 
from candidates with a PhJD. in Microbiology, Biochem- 
istry or related Biological subject. Tbe successful 
candidate will be expected to cooiribute to teaming and 
to tbe organisation of practices and to join an active 
research group in recently rc-eq nipped laboratories. Sal- 

re se ar c h grocp in n 
ary will oe within 

the range 

>cd laboratories. Sal- 
20 - £9.495 (under 

Further details are available from Professor WiD Waites 
on (0602) 506101 an. 8146. Asplkants should se nd thei r 
curriculum vitae together with the names and addresses 
of three referees uc 

The Appointments Officer, 
Registrar’s Department, 
University of Nottingham, 
University Park, 
Nottin gham NG7 2RD 

As soon as possible. Ref No 1058. 



by first rate teachers for 5- 
8 year olds. 21 July- IS 

Augustin W]Ql 


01-435 6591. 


gnRMCS Read for a Honours Degree 


or CIS* 

at The Royal Mflitary College of Science, Shrivenhem 

Taka advantage of on usque apponmUqs and radioes offered by CmfWd though the* Shnwrtam Faculty. 
Thera ae s&fl a taw pttras avafeble eommenang October 1986. CranflaU is not a member of UCCA and therotare 
.offer anottw option for a unhwsrty place. 

Aromprara ■*' Ms an an nitty raguiramert. htduorW sponeonhip nay be anfette to aitabiy quaBM students. 
Good 'A' level grades ztt rad a SMwntam Scbotashp. Why not End ora one about us fay ueiqjtong the 
drafted sip. 

To: Acad anW; R og terer, W ow* HBuy Cotoss ot S cfew c s (Cmrtfiskq, 

SMemham, owinrJorv Wots 

I am interested tn reading lor an honours degree with CranfWd at RMCS. 

Ptaasa sand roe father information and an appfleaflon farm 

• Com ma nd A Control, G c row wl c a 8on t * In f or ma ti o n Systems 

SqiA East 
Cfiaservafai Centre, 

Old Brewery Yard, 
High Sheet Sussex 

0424 431157 






RECOGNISED BTBAC(BrittMi AcCfi tSMIfan Council) 
>g » M CT OFCffE (C m e«iw * a lav Iwdepudwit Rgtwr Ed uc rt onl 



Deportment of Economics 


Lecturer in Economics 

1 st January to 30th Jane 1987 . 

Applications are invited for a Temporary Lectureship in 
Economies, tenable from 1st January to 30th June 1987. 
The successful applicant will be expected to give tutorials 
across tbe range of economic theory ai Second Year level 
and at either First Year of Honours leveL Candidates, 
with special interests in any area of economics are invited : 
to apply but some pre fe r en ce might be given to those 
with macro or monetary specialisations. 

The lecturers' scale is £8020 to £15.700 but it is unlikely 
that an appointment wQ] be made at a point higher than 

Appliotionr (two copies inferably in typescript) with 
names of three referees should be lodged by 30di August 
.1986 with the Esrabltshmcnis Officer. — - 

The University of St Andrews, 
College Gate, St Andrews, 

Fife KY16 9AJ. 

Tbe Marlborough Secretarial Colleges! 

BroaOptoMd It™* fm and Mam cuw to Horan and R5A quafc- 
teMra, «Mfi an«fa opportune*, hx um i m muw n inwiy Me 
AqpwnU I n to mp uwUA For fcJ drfafc. pi mm O J n W er 

T* (MB) mm Prasrar211212 

Cntota CBZ 1LB 
Tit (KS3) C7H6 


IndmdnaQy planned tuition for GCE at O k A levd- 
One std two-year courses and oae-tenn intensive 
re-take revision. 

Write to The Priadpa) at S BreoksMe, Cambridge 
CB2UE, or tefephaoe 4223640$. 


Would you Uke to teach Science to Scholarship and 
Common Entrance levels from January or September 
1987 in delightful surroundings, as a member of a fully 
qualified staff? 

I am seeking an energetic person capable of maintain- 
ing the high academic standards, and one who is able 
to coach games, especially Rugby Football. 
Accommodation available. Salary linked with Burnham. 
Enquiries in writing please with a curriculum vitae and 
names of two referees (with their telephone numbers) 
to the Headmaster. 

Interviews in early August and September. 



r equ ired for sebooie in M«- 
rircL Please writs wSfa ot to 
Mr. Jam, Oaken. 3000, 
Pa. Gan- Buna 5, 
Madrid. Spain. 
Applications to be namd 
by 15 August 1906. 


aulroo is inch A L#vd 
Economic*. tun or part now. 
from sente mn er- Tel: 

Qt V6Q S899 


1 New from Pitman K 

BracutWa MWM fawning plus work experience at our H 
Wimbledon College. Includes ttahmg in word and dais B 
processing and secretarial skills lor RSA examinations. u| 

Approved lodgings available. For prospectus, please 1* 

contact |fi[ 

T.l: 01-946 170ft I 

*>»*"• Prestet *211212, ■ 

LONDON SW1 *700 i-railMMSb I 

*• OCE “O" A “A- level Secretarial. Busmns and Lan- 
MI in most su Meets. Full quaqe Courses Wore Processor 

'. retake & revision come. Training. Engtsh for Ov ersees 
se wrtte or telephone for Students Readml and Day Slu. 
pectus. ioa Great Russell dents. The Registrar im 2 
otvoon WCiB3LA.Tel:01- Arkwngni Road London NW3 
4676 7. 6AD. Tel: 01-435 9831. 

MATtONAL private non- OmE*NAT*ONAL ornate non 
It tonal University offers traditional University offers 

ees to mid -career atfuts degrees to trod -career adults 

2 &. entirety at home and over 25. entirely at home and 

I mil credits for We career wtin “HI credits for life career 

■Hence. Prospectus from experience. Prospectus from | 

I.T. MetlGtwon ACO..SUO- Drpl. T. Nell CaOson A Co- Sud- 

r. Suffolk. CO 10 CEO. bury. Suffolk. COlO 6EQ. 


LECE. OCE -O- A -A- lev el 
tuition tn most su Meets. Full 
ume. make & revs* on causes. 
Please wtte or telephone for 
prospectus. 103 Great Russell 
SLLondon WC)B3LA. TM: Ol- 
, 580 4676 7. 

MIBJUSATMMAL private non- 
traditional University offers 
ikgmi to mid-career adults 
over 25. entirety at home and 
wtm roil credits for Bfe raieer 
experience. Prospectus from 
Dept. T. Nell Gtwon A Co.. Sud- 
bury. Suffolk. CO 10 6EQ. 


Brisbane, Australia 



To develop 2 nd teach the Music Depstmanf's new Aural 
Studies subject Degree in Misic with emphasis in Aural 
Stwfies and tertiay teaching experience essential; toittty in a 
second ^pecatea t ion desirable. Preference may be given to 
supervise postpaduate work in spetiafizafai 
Salary per aunc M27.233- AS35.777 

Adcfitioral information and appication Ants are available 
from the Secretary General AssodaSon of GommonwBdtft 
Unhrtosities (Appts). 38 Gordon Square, London WC1H OFF. 

- Oasli date; 30 Sept e m b er 1W. 

Tha Unhrotity at QurensbraJ s an Bjual OpporVnty Employer 




Applications are invited for this appointment in which 
preference will be given to c andidat e s with experience of 
and interest in one or a combination of the following: 1 
Cognitive Psychology, Artificial Intelligence. Occupa- 
tional Psychology. Applied Social Psychology. 

Salary will be within the range £8.020 - £15,700 (under! 

Furth er particulars, and application forms obtainable 

The Staff Appointments Office, 
University of Nottingham, 
University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, 

To be retained not later titan 4 Aunt 1986. 

Kef No 1059. 



The Chairman of tbe Management Board ot the Unit. Mr M G Wchd, . invites (a) 
applications for posts to lead small teams of tBachers writing in the Unit's information and 
cumodum development roles, and (b) applications from suitably qualified teachers, tectvsca 
writer, information scientists or Shrarians for posts in the teams. They will also part «] 
in-service tranlrn at the Unit and around tbs Country. Successful appucarts mil be required 
to take up dutias as soon as pcss&te. 

The Uivt will support the local education arttorities and teacher training estabBshmofe 
of England, Wales and Northern Ireland in the task of integrating -and developing new 
technology in schools. It will provide a central source (rf information, train the hsners, 
develop curriculum materials aw support wo rk on nw technology in special education.™ 
Unit wit build upon the work of the Mtawtectraracs Education Programme (MEP) wtHCb 
ended o n 31 March 5986. 

Letters of applicstkHi should show Interests and experience in curriculum devetoprowt. 
information systems and in-service training, with particular referenc e to new technol ogy. A 
sound knowledge of the education system and the abffity to comnuncate wfll be essontiS- 

The Unit is being established in the Science Park rf tte U nwere^f te Warwick. S alaries 
for the posts are Italy tn be related to (a) Souttany Oados 7-6. m fry fo) to the senior 
teachers scaJe, with Teachers' or loctf Guwnmant Superanixja»cm 

Bfreclv Bsstente, Mr J F 

Letters of 
Fester, Sealer 

tybi o btilii g. 

■S3 BQA 

Closing date 2 August 1986 




Decorative paint couses, 

rag roHrng, marbeWng, 
spongging. (fragging. 
Cwtan rrddng courses, 
gidteg cones and irany 
others avaSabte. 

1.2 and 3 day comas 
h Greenwich, 

4 mte from London. 
Other courses walaWe. 


■ I *- -Lr 

Dean of Plymouth 
Polytechnic Institute 
of Marine Studies 

The Polytechnic is to establish a new 
Marine Studies Institute (PPIMS) which will 
develop and co-ordinate all marine 
activities, embracing the work of the 
current Faculty of Maritime Studies and 
drawing together the other substantial 
marine interests of the Polytechnic, as well 
as extending links with neighbouring 
marine research institutes. The central 
focus of PPIMS activities will be the 'sea' - 
an inter and multi disciplinary study of 
what is in, on, under and adjacent to the 
sea, thus drawing selectively upon aspects 
of science, technology and business. 

The Dean is a key appointment as Head 
of this Institute, and will be a person with 
a substantial national reputation in the 
marine field, capable of leading a muiti- 
disdpimary team, and having Had 
significant managerial experience, 

A suitably qualified appointee will be 
considered for election to the title of 

Salary range: £18615 - £20511. 
plus allowance of £1236 pa 
(pay award pending). 

Further particulars and application forms 
-to be returned by Friday 22 August 1 986 - 
are available from the Personnel 
Department at the address below, or by 
telephoning Plymouth (0752)264639. 



I Fblytedric 

Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon PL4 8AA 

University of 


Applications are invited for a Lectureship in Geography ten- 
able from October 1st 1986. The mam research and teaching 
respons ibgiti es of the lect u rer a ppointed still lie in the field of 
human geogr aph y. WhQe p refe rence will be given to candi- 
dates in urban and quantitive geography, applicants with 
expertise in other fields would abo be welcome. Appointment 
will be on tbe salary scale for lecturers (£8020 to £15700) 
with tbe initial salary within the range £8020 to £9880. 
Anther details should be obtained from E.C. Wright, Bu gfe . 
txar and Secretary, Unrvershy of Bristol, Senate House, 
Bristol BS8 1TH. to whom application should be made fay 
letter enduring curriculum vitae and names of three referees 
fay September 16th, 1986. Plena quote reference JC. 


Lecturer In Law 

Lit: £8,754-£1 3,623 pa ine. 

A ons-ysar temporary appoi ntm en t specialising in 
Constitutional and Administrative Law - the Law, the 
Individual and the State. The teaching of c ommon law 
or commardai law or accountancy degree 

students is also expected. 

Appficants should have a good honours degree and 
nave completed or be currently undertaking a higher 
degree, preferably by research. A research Interest or 
experience in the field of pubic law is an advantage. 
Write enclosing aj.e. (min 9m x 4in) and quoting ref 
A773D for farther derate and an application form: 

Personnel Office, 
Middlesex Polytechnic, 

114 Chase Side, London N14 5PM. 

Closing date 6 August 

(University of London) 

required in Department of 

SSnbwTJaff" Dries mvoive^~ 
between the Department and its 
Government collaborators, 
merits, maintenance of PfQi*]* 
related ctericai duties. Applic^^shouIdjTaw 

good secretarial skills and L 8 ,2w2S 
Word processing skBIs are advantageous and 
initial/further training will be given- 
Salary range £5881 - £7335 plus £1297 London 
Weighting. • • : . i. 

The appointment Is for two years in 
stance. -A substantial part time appointment 
would be considered, hours of work to *ne 
negotiated. - ^ 

AppOcatioh&witii CV and names and addresses 
of 2 referees tp Mr R J Cunningham; Depart- 
ment of Computing, Imperial College, Lt^aftn 
SW7 ZBZ by 4th August 1986.. 

. Mnvmin of 


Research FeDows/Associate* ^ 

Applications are invited for two resbar^j 
posts lathe Institute. Candktetes should have 
a good degree in economics or related sub- 
ject, preferably at post-graduate level, and: a 
strong interest in applied research in tnecta- 
bour market field. The appointments are up to 
three mars' duratlbn, commencing on 1st Cfo- 
tober 1986 or as soon as possible thereaftaA 
Salaries will be within the Research Rangel A 
(£8,020 to £12,780 p-a., under review).Apj^ 
cants wishing to vrork part-time or propose 
job-sharing arrangements wfll be conridepgJr 
Appticahts seeking a more senior post may 
also be considered in. . exceptional 
circumstances. • i 

Applications, enclosing c.ii. . and giving -the 
names of three referees, should fie made to 
the Director, .Institute for Employment -Re- 
search, Umversfty of Warwick, Coventry CV4 
7AL, from whom further particulars may be 
obtained. The dosina date for appiications'is 
Friday 8th August 1886. ... 

' Research Studentship . 

AppBCations are also invited for two two-yea- 
studentships tenable from 1st October 1986. 
Further particulars and application forms niay 
be obtained from the above address. 

‘. A . . Visiting Lwhffffs for 

The StoSumtiange Programme 

iThow Win sutofata qnNNctoom ml wimtanc^and 

jmtod to apply fa teach u vtsWng taaurm on tm- 
iring camera wHcfrlW Cky Unfvmty. tram Sopwntoe; Ml 
run to (ripen c mfttal — fcrfa Ftogbtorod Hop roaaotat hras 
•nd Hagtotrori Tradorx agcwninitiom noMty fatroducadfry 
lira Sex* exchanga to iwfata Mtabtoi pn>taa«onalcritarii1or 
those who wish to engage in kwacfawnt buriness. 

In todWara, RM toRowtoa couraw wM be tun to propvw cmS- 
dans tar The StackExchange’s new SaoKttn fadufry. 

HeguiaNon ml Compl e nc a 

» - ■ .if r^innnlel (jfAiMuin 

IwpfBMQOn OT. rtrtHnctai ouOMIMnM> _ ^ _ 

Investment Aneiysra 

Prints cam investment 'Adrics and Managefamt 

Flnt Ma nagement 

Bom and raced Intarast Markets - 

Financial Futures and Options - 

■ — ■»<- ■ SjLJm — ■ ' — - - — ,*»_ ___ _ 


AppNceato shoufa sand a copy; ^qr Mr onictNum vttae ae soon 
Mjpsribta, and no letar than Friday 25th Jdy 

- Sarah Houdhton, Co-onfinator, 

— the Stock Exchange Programme, 
The City University Business School, 
Frobisher Crescent, Barbican Centra, 
London EC2Y 8HB. 

' Remuneration w* [be negotiable. : 


required to cany out research on an estabfthed 
project on tha Impact behaviour of structural adhe- 
sive joints. This wH involve instrumented inpact 
tasting of polymers and adhesives and a knowledge 
of fracture mechanics, mechanical properties or 
polymers would be an advantage, but Is not a. nec- 
essary requirement 

Appointment on R&A1B scale £8352 - £107ffi for 
30 months with possfottty of registering for »iD 
degree OR R4A 1A scale £8317 - £14077 for "24 ■ 
months, a cco r ding to qualifications. . . 

Requests for further detaBs'ancf appGcations'vMh 
ftifl CV and names of 2 referees to Dr A J Kinfoch, 
Imporial Ccaege, Derartment of Mechanical Engi- 
neering. London SW7 2BX (tet 01-589 5111 ext 
6179/6173). Closing date 22 August 1986. 



Applications are invited for the above post avail* 
able from 1 October 1906 for a food perlorf of 
one year. 

Qualifications and special interests in Russian 
language and Aerature required. - =lT 

Saiary on the Academic Scale for Lecturers 
(E802) - £15700) (under review) according to 
age. qualifications and experience. " -; 

Application forms’ and further particulars may tie 
obtained from and compietedappikratkH^W 
to the Registrar, the University, Leeds LS2 9 XT 



AppUcatfoxra are invited fin- the poet of Umvnwfl-y Li- 
brarian which will becoroe yacaut from 1 October 1987 
on retirement of Mr A NkhoQs. ; . 

Salary m the professkmal range, trim aup ci aaqgat MD. 

fi rther pa rtiCTto arafiaMe from the Vice-Chancaor. 
Umverst^r of Ba min g h a m . P O Box 363, Bimuhdam 
BI5 ZTT, to whom applications (15 copfea, 1 ft 
ovraeas appbeante) should be. seat by 22 
1986* ' ^ 

An Etpul Oppono&m Eaabmtr. J 



Lectureship | 

Ajgrifeatinra m isvited for a 
(Ul£S With mtArmtl rti miM 



; OF 




; * W. 



1 1 ■ 

n. r~, , 

' * 3B 






.... - .-■. «■ =s 
* - » “• • '! 1 
►, ■ t. X M 

»' 4 «*3?M 



£5“* to *«« 

dcadU,,e ^iSoS 2 ^ 2 S 

“«y fe* wainesSrrv**: 

j^^*s < »52 , i , 2SS 

?T! nu, « BtaK »d«ie 


£ESi 5 fi,S« 

s wyj SiSas 

6J JflQJhonc on 01-4*1 4 iqq. 




’"- -*4 : : 

- ■■ :^l 

J"i 3'^, 

--“i* ’> 

' -■ j S-., 



:AmmoN worhmc mumss 

■: ■•“‘■TO SHAW spahSSw*: 

basm- ixbwjck JSS 

■- Would tin* nnd Of Wn. 5 h££ 
Arvcvioiuar ofltiPBbavrM^ 

■■nri, 6 S?nn.y > " “ l*WHf. 
'■•OtAL W lDOl i C Vi/tndov iMk 

‘ TtSgPtJd&S 1 * *3? 

- ..Tr^T! ****** 01 587 9700 
~*7.^T ■/HittiilUlulhj vami 

SffUST"* ^ - 

_y; services 

‘COmtiCB ABOUT Crtlular 

mdwSES? OUr ,rpo - 
«Port on wnirti 

^•is-gt&a-^s?^ s,rrrt - 

* •auc or Starring*. 

All agn, wm. DalrUrtc. Dm 

lOieira Abtanto? 1 rSS. S* 

tan W8. TO: 01938 101 L 
BREAKAWAY. London 1 * Chrtj lor 

{xtrfrfejonal urLMlalctud ora**- 

S»43.<toor 200 n«ne month- 

W M hr info udc, 997 799a. 

KEART to MCMT. Todays wav 

ot tfwvllnr- ConfMnrtUI intro- 

ana tons IhroogtxHil L'K for 
CamNiManlito. rnnvfOM. 

. Marrlagr He an to H*an. 33 
20 sr“-»v» n . 
CAfcMK CVS Ud proteaBontl 
ojrnrutum \LUm> documents. 
Petal la: 01-031 3388. 

CAPITAL CVspTYparr hJpbgiiaH- 
. O' curriculum tiucs. 01-607 

• 7905. 


For Personal Tramoortauoo. 

- To Any Dt+tmwon T7l oDmvr 

PhOIiW < 074631 S659 
DCMWOfTLY Rnimubir Pro- 
fcwonal man early retired, 
mailable for commttuons 
-home or abroad. EuvuUir <ar 
Diurcoon guaranteed. Tel: 
0004 61660. 


US VISA MA Trots E S Cudcon 
LS lawyer 17 SuMrode SL 
London wt Oi 486 08 rv 




(tOLCX-PATCK-CARTim and all 
-One walchn wanted. We will 
nay Nghcsf bn re* Ins Unify. 
Telephone 01 MO 2543 or 
*rftd drums to Mr Kaye. 408 
Strand. London WC 2 P ONE 
of (hairs, large mirror*, tjook- 
. - rase*, desk* A bureaus 01-583 
0148 228 2716 day rughL 
ALL- JEWELLERY wanted. Too 
eaali. Williams. 43 Lambs - 
Oonduil SI WCI MX 8538 

‘a j. j-T ; 1 



••T-oa «£ •»;- • • ' 

> V - •• f 



;• 1 


H**’ •- - 

-- t « 
. i a 
*. v o- 

« «-“ -- * 

4 •. > .■'.••.■« ;<;•■ 

-. ■'**■ »■•'■ ; 

: - t.o.ji : . 

. 1 

■4 * r; *' •L’- J: : 

- . . v.' ; - 

^ i- T 


r ^- v •> 


rro-vvave. Maytag washer A 
. dryer. Caloric 50 men cooker, 
etrrtrtr mtatrr. coffee maker, 
nttnlr centre, sandwich io»ier. 
ionizer, electric krtilr. fan heal- 
er. heal lamp. Iron, wt of 
'romerlible bunk-beda iwtth 
nullipMni. 341 5m anglr bed 
wiin mallma. asoorled trans- 
former*. An in good condition. 
TO 01 938 9393 

prlnlmo ureas phi* hundreds Of 
wood Mock truer* for sale. 
CS.0OO. Reply to BOX B 8 B. 

SPLENDID solid mahogany, hand 
btuli dining UUt. Unused. Suit 
naianal home or elegant board 
room. Emends lo nearly 1ST. 
rlosrs 10 8 ‘. Can seal 16. Trail- - 
Ilona! Regency reproduction 
rulings, solid bras* Accept 
El. 500. Number of- matching 
Prfnrp of wale* chairs, hand 
carved and PoUNwB- AU urn 
used Cl 25 each. TO ; 01-203 


lux desks! bW nertod style book 
rases, riling cabinet* board- 
room tables A r hairs. 

. Lpholsiry. french bohshino- 
restoration A professional Inle- 
■nw design. Ncclebed. Oxm 
- -.04911641116 
, FINEST quaUly wool corbfts. At 
trade prices and under- abo 
available IOC* dire- Large 
room sue remnants under half 
nonnar price Chancery Carvela 
OI 405 0453 

ROGERS NO 37577 6 U l-rlnsJ 
maiWfOiiy. overhauled, sat 
did order. condir 
.. 'guaranteed. E1260. An 
. Turner. Chorley Wood 3636/ 

THE TIMES 1795-1986. OWN 
: him avail. Hand bound rea#V 
-tor m v s e m ation 
”s»«iK«av»~. ciaao. R 

When 01-688 6323. 

Siarn^U Em. Chess. Le*» 

All theatre and soort* 

TO 821-6616 828-049 
. .Ab visa Dinecv 
an original Time* r- 
daled Uie my « 
born C 1 2.50 0492-31 
SEATFfNDER* Any « jtlWW 
. MW. Covent Gdn. StaHWMEW. 
Glyndehoume. OI-M 8 16tb. 
Mawr credit cards- 

: ! .JSS? 



son nadfri only pv sq V* 
4m wido Hessafl tod ted E^-35 

' 207 



\ [ 

, 8 ^ 



8JM am. Suparti products at 
msgrtficonf prtcos- 

3S4 Futbam Rd- SW10. 



Together we can bwtit 

" VM» fund twer one third of 
I ail research mo ihe preven- 
|uon and cure of cincer,ln 
ifieUK. . 1. 

- Helpusbysendmgadow- 
uon or make a legacy^ - 

Cancer L 



. . SALE Dv KOT ON! 

>*116 pi we* chraprr than oth- 
n\ uie prx ev who need* a 

lOffi m upnants a 
U^M vMrillr huewHnop- 
hnn no purr nave pioa from 

marfcson pianos 

Albanv Street. Wt 
01-956 8682 
ARdtnv pure. VE18 
OI 864 4617 

**!*■ 0*5*, Lev Mb AH the- 
' J?? ™ *«* 3719. 

_feS7 t7l S A 8 maw r rredd 
rnpoeS/PMxzn^ Cooker*. 
Jr. - c * t * >p u bvar rhraoeT> 8 A 
Ol 229 1947 8468. 

£ 5 * 0 ! "isrSrgr-*"** 



•489 1941 LyreHeM roodlUML 
J.irvvTd London bv zonal nl 
mrni Rrntii ko BOX 78* . 


•“X. 66 modified from C5S0 
and kb unmodified from C6BO. 

Tel 01 760 0776 A 760 

awntala. etc.. wbM- 

M. Ol 883 0024. 



OVER 70 PIANOS to be aumonrd 
ui « ,r nesl soerlatwcd sale on 
Friday 25 July 1986. Viewing 2 
£2 * y.. Catalogue £1.00 
fr°l» PhUhpi. Maryfebone. 
Have* Piece. UTMUt Grave. 
London NW|. Ol 723 2647 
Genuine fed action* on over 
I 0 Q new d mtoeed (naat- 
meniv Lnrtvalkd oner sale* 
•ervier. Free rauriegur 30* 
HUPigale Rd. NWS. 01267 
7671 Free raUM 9 ue. 



9 - 7 % ^ 



Pupwc*. by Tommy Gunn. 
Home reared wun rhlldren. 
Lbmiraier-Ejbex 04022 22981 


SOUTH LONDON To let (Or An- 
guvi. aitraOive family home. 
\taorua terrace wifh oretty 
landvraped | wrrared garden . 
bbg and gaga fanHIe* for cnll- 
dren. 6 bed* <1 Mayraemi. 2 
bam*. Chnelto parte* and only T 
nun* bv BR to Victoria. £500 
pw inr of bill* and cleaning. Te) 
01.274 61S7 

HOLIDAY FLATS A house* avail- 
able. G200-C3.000PW. Personal 
service. Ol 438 3680 or 0836- 
592824 anytime CTO. 

L F IN C HLEY 16 ram train 
CUy W.L C bedroom s r luxu- 
ry rial*. Sleep 2.4. kitchen, 
bathroom, lounge, colour TV. 
central headna (eleohone. from 
C200 pw ■ 1760 pm Phone 01- 
8850042 B OD 6. 50 
EATON PLACE SWl Exrdlenly 
lurnKhed rawly renovaied flat. 
Sbanous recen. Mrm elc. 
C295pw TR: 01 362 8895 (Ol 
FULHAM. Stfadou* 1 dM bed Rn. 
RerpL luicD fit d both. Nr shoo* 
& transpad. Avail now 3 mills. 
EllO bwf TO 01-743 7816. 
AVAR. NOW nwb lux l bed lully 
eutuboed Burn (ML clove lube. 
Cl 40 pv/ TO 01-986 0908 
COVENT dARDCN. Lux servl CM 
flat*. 2 i/na. k * b. sip 2. 3 £275 
pw. Winded House 946 7188 


KeminWoo. Col TV 24hr BwtKL 
fix. Cbiitaafiam Ants 373 6306 
ST JAMES *W1. Luxury 2 Bed 
fuib iuru serviced apt or park. . 
Ot-sfs 6306 m. 


, Professional male lo *hare 3 
groomed haute (courtyard) 
vuh 2 females. £195 pan 'not 
/Incltnlvel. Phone C Collin* on: 
f 01-246 6464 exf 2886 during 
dike boots. 

I BOREHAM WOOD prof f for 1M- 
rtots new hse. o. r. aU 
zmenlUes. -30 mhw CUy by 
tram. CBOpw. Tel: Ol 207 
6843. alter 6pm. 

PUTNEY. Female. N S. to share 
spacious maaonrtte with Pro- 
fessional couple. Close tube and 
bus Own Urge room. £60 p. w. 
lor 871 2302 eve*. 

RLACKHEATH Pro# person m f 
o r in me. all amenities. 
El SOprm + Mil*. 01-862 3429 
alter 6-30pm 

in lux man wiu* gdn nr river. 
CSO pw tact tape-26+). CMy-oi 
437 7822. Evev360 1517. 

NARROW 3rd wofF.o/r. mw 
«ti. El to prm. 01-861 -1242 

WANTED. Friendly outgoingPror 
F 25. n s seek* o r in comfort- 
aoie ftalshare. bref nr Tube. 
SWl 3 9 7 IO.W8 II 14 or 
W4. Lp to C7S PW Incl. Tel: 
kaihy 994 5727 anytune 
BATTERSEA Prof Ins. 25*. to 
share ptaasenl 2 bed Rl-.ig! 
Ballersea Art* Cenfre. £*6 GO 
pw cxrl. Tel 01-481 1557 (O) 
Ol 223 3083 eve* 

N8. Female Lloyds broker re- 
W/ffw Hal Nuje JJ2 
NUT hole: 01-348 5809 after 
6 30 pm. 

STRCATHAM, prof all K » 
share large house frem m»; 
Aug. Omi dWe room. ctoN BR 
A Mars- £40 pw tie. 01-671 
1922 eves 

ACTON wa Newly de cor toe tra 
in gdn Hal. Sun nonamonmg 
Lm t.CH Mr . JBBDwr week 
Snri Td 743 3661 after 7pm 
CWSWfCX W4. Prof persem n % 
rand to mare lux h re - mod 
cons, own room. £220 pent. 
mtg 01 995 7432 after 6 pm. 
^T*Lge room In family hse. 

WritSft Ei « p 0 " 

£vcl 223 7*00 after 4p« 
FLATMATES Selecme Sharme- 
WeU m»i inhod uctoryeervKe. 
pse tel for BPPL 01-689 M91. 
Sis Bromolon Road. SW3 
HAIDA VALE WB. O R m mixed 
iui. Lnfurn or pa ri. Cl gO bcnv 
F grad N S- 

ria* 9 M-al musk-. 01 2B9 IS® 
NW3. Prof M F. Near 
lube shops. Own «*"**> 1 ^25 
flal £149 pern. Mu* 6(11*. T« 
Eves: Ol -431 2387. 

izrgr rieganl na« » share with 
nnemncrN S. Garden, lennl*. 
CJSOprm. Tel: Ol 689 7824 pm 
M». non smkr. ««" m* 1 
fomfiui o r. if tab*. PW 
4Bb 766J 9 JO -6 OOP" 1 . 

^io shr flat. O "• " r gff’otSS 
vhopv. CI 75 pr.m. exci- oi-aza 

6502 eve*. . . 

SWl- u *“vJ!2em i * , ftoSwr5 


AWfL Ham'. 1“* U F ;?, ^ 
rSi dhpIih F to dir tm for 6 
C36 P w^AH mod ro^ + 
gdn. 731 3190 or 370 WW. 
tuffi Tidi’e non 

20 pi ft*. IO ^SSJSSt TWOI 
C 13500 pe# imminexri. 7YI0I 
381 92S0 rvrt. 


WANTED prrt fcm^JOs. W 

aATTOtsS Prof M F. 26 + to 
CI35 unn Td 22B 9413 eve* 


Remember Stroke 

Victims Please 



emr S IBIS, voung prof lb 
Vitale lirx fkjl O B. N S £160 
Petit rarl B| 741 0580 <-te*. 
DULWICH 2 prof N. OR n 
VMird home L32&0 me M. 
PfM N b Ol 299 8460 
EAST DULWKN Prof, aenon 
’b* N h lo vhare nouve O R. 
UiCOcm rul Ol 299 0904 

FULHAM. Cxirmen euuirim 
meloMiarrlM.O R.L49DW 
•ral. Of »g 6165 day* 
FULHAM DNe n* m iovafy Wf 
•vim odn Hull nlr viioi per 
^260 prm. 736 6300 after 7Pm 
FULHAM pro# f. 2J *, la dure 
»Xp IUI wiih vunr o r C130 
prm exci 01.731 2546 rvro 
■MMGATE. Pi of Ctdr to sm IM. 
vp rnt £176 each pc.m Ol 
263 0798 

KENMNeTON prof f. 2fl* shore 
lee Hal. o r. Cl BO PCM (VI. 
9365536 CUy 937 0445 Eve* 
MU3WELL MILL. Prm M. 29 *. 
n * Loerm invoerKUnlux Ine. 
CH. C65 pw W 01444 7786 
Nl. Prof M. N S 28 ♦ HH mxd 
hre o R £90 xlc he mcl. T« 
Ol 281 6630. 

N CLAFHABL Room n M m 
hotne. C30 C40 pw r«r 01-730 

HWX Lux fll ip P.B. MOCk. 4 
be*. 9 feces. S both*. Surf 6. 
£290 ow Td. 625 8611 iTI. 
F. 18-25. 0 r In lor lire mixed 
ftau C2Q 0 bem inci 622 3531. 
1*0*181 WANTED in mural area 
bv brighl acute girl. Lawyer. 
Tei Ol 262 8040 em 211. 
SWl8 Prof Flo sh a re ha rden flat. 

0 R. CH Nr Tube. £110 pan 
exci. 01-874 1766 eve* 

S*1L 401 Person w Utr too. £30 
pw rxrt BR to Mia*. Ret*. Rlbg 
07 J 3479 a pm 9 30 

SW* m r. o r to grd Hr gdn flat. 
£140 pcm exci Rina Peter an 

01 920 1722 

SWI7 2 rooms lo alirartne Vkt 
tor with non. 4 nun* tube. £36 
4 C3t»w Tel Ol 67? 9667. 
WE F. o r. tti luxury Mews 
hone css nee win excluding, 
Ring 229 3332 eve* • 

**. Lgr m in p.B. Mark 3 bed*. 
I nfr p . 1 tulli. XlbO pw. 626 
8611 IT). 

HE Prof F 239. 0 R. CH. 1 Oth- 
er. AU miwmim. Inunrd £150 
pern exci nOb 161 1 
Wide rnmaiy toe share. Own 
dbe rm M i. Nr tube N 6 
£180 prm. Tel 6027857 



More low-cost flights 
via mors routes 
to more destinations 

than any other agency 


- Fast, export, high-tech 
nrvtce • Fret wortOwiOt 
bo tei A car Wr» pau 
• Hpto80%«SOO«RU 
Op«n 9-6 Mon-Sat 


tnrmunisation, lasuranct, 
Foreign Excbango, 
Map a Book Shop 


42-4S Earlg Catvt RmmI 
Loaxtaa W8 6CJ 
Lens-Haal 0M03 IMS 
CurapehlSA OVeST S400 



ONE. Gteta. Rbodo. Xos. Smtor 
Creak btals. The Aigpv*. Mraraa 
Ink Mi 

212223 Jul* T179 n» 

2S2&2732U0 JBl¥ 1199 MB Ag flM tzs 
IA1S.lfi.t7.lB ta {HB E248 
2022212 £252729, 

3L31A8 £199 E229 

ntdMMhf SMI 

«w ligNi mm fimNfc. 

Ili ilWH MM H Nn Nfi P4R 
mdt cm/ 

T«t Lh 8 m St 251 MSS 
ATOL 2634 



M BEMMA 25/7 09 

IIAU 8 A 2</7 fc 09 

nun up nn 

AUCANTE 2771 £11» 





01 486 9356 

A'OL is?-: 




01-734 6135 

.AJOL 2032. 

StCR.YE24S.a1 the wHMPOPUH- 
«d ELI HOTTEL In srriuded Bay 
of Sam'Aiessi e. onty 7 wile* 


incl. 7 nigtit* IWHB bm H M 
room, rriurn dayimy Caiv-Kk 
m every Tuesday. Pool i A pn- 
vale bracti. transfer* A “JTSSr 
tax. No hidden exu -a v.bicu.- 
IAN SLN LTD oi 222 T462 
"^wC393 rt» £696 Auckland 
o w C420 nn £786. JoDurg 

0 w £306 Tin C499- Lt» Anjo- 

levo «'Cai5rthC406 Lendon 
FhgM CrnlfO 01- 370 833 2- 

^nUv York £269 1 UA £329. TO 
roiito E269. Xburg £49S 
Nairobi £376. Sydney £689. 
aurkltod £749 Daruir 130 
jrernyn Slrrel- 01 839 7144 
dWWKri Uirough Moroccan 
bound iravel th e Mo roccan See 
c/atots. Ceil u " nr Sy T, *l?S£ i 

bonded TO Ol 734 6507. 

Thr 27376. ^ 

■ ATM AMERICA. Low ml 
rSii* TZmo Cass umi 
C496 rtn. Also Small Group 
Hrl nifty JeurncyMri Pent 
JJSrnCW JLA 01 747-3108 


ISA. S. America. Mid and Far 
Ml. s Africa. Trerilf 1 . W 
Margarri Slreri- Wi Ol 680 
2928 «vnw Acccglcd) 


fare* on raalor LS. *rheduiea 
comers. Ako •romallanfir 
i^haclrrs A flights lo Canada, oi 
684 7371 ABTA. 


pron deslioNion^ValraWdri 

01 402 4262 0062 ABlA 
6100* ATOL I960 


. RKfr njSS ABTA 01-940 aors. 

*^ULCotoS^rwrtMO OQ 
Ins Caroero. CCS. Tel 9Z9 

reuu. samara Flying ServKr*. 
TOO! 2b2 2734. 

twww- . Sy ^u g 

v-our summer holiday- taHiw 

our brochure MM TtotoWl 
Travel Bureau. OUSTS 4 «l 

■k 4 riHAP*. AMD n*W*- 


Dtmwid Tr» ri **0L 
01-681 4641. Horsham 68641 
..were N.Z.- Soulh AlriCA 

Ol 493 7775 AST* ... 


“••saf Sm, 

\TDL 164° »**■ 

JalsS? W 



01 629 W79. A16I 1696 „ 

SOUTH Art** 

M06 01 584 7371 ABTA 


Sydney £396 £699 

' • - 1415 £745 

OH E499 
£229 £375 

r fl l Avtv £119 £224 

New Yoffc nra £320 

LOS Angles £216 £399 

01-370 6237 

SET t?rs m 


<reM reran 
060 £490 


E1S0 £730 

LMB om tso 

Britan f?50 flM 

BagM* £220 £330 

““^Crg Utf irtHl Ltf 20 

UN A Gnap Btokms HWcm 

mu nw n mo. 



FrartdWl t60 LA/SF CHS 

Lagoa tEfl kton £390 

N a robr E32S Sng uete £429 

Jonurg r«D Banghek CQs 

QOS Utmaxki C«4fl 



Ptaw at 
71 SMm si mere wi 
•M3I2HB4S •£» 

Aixflan f«0 Dae fro 

P i B ri o— C400 hi mini £180 

Ugev C3JQ jaedun 1440 

Morrow* I4OT Luaft* TO 7* 

Nnmai 5?6C Kill S«i lUi 

B»ngu*< TO60 KWWM £456 

EWvW TO4S HVak 1275 

CM r?30 Seoul £730 

Dnomo f«i5 snitoi wa 

0*18305 £270 Tolyo £570 

T«t B1438 3S51/M07 

Nairobi. lo'Buxt Cairo. Dubai. 
Istanbul. Singapore. K.L Ddbi. 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. & The Americas. 
FtaMbRO Trawl. 

76 ShaAcsbary Arenac 
London wiv 7DG. 

01-439 0102 

Open Sa today IOJO-I3JM 

S Tel 01-441 0122 24hr 

AUGUST AVAIL. Terrific Hof 
Turkey. Spend a week relaxinq 
al our private beach holrt. then 
a week mining on nor vac hi 
lor C4SO inr (It. M R free 
w toon*. |wk 4 inner combi- 
naiions Km Aho IDs only lr 
C99. Ol 326 1006 

lo Europe- L*SA & mod deadna- 
flons. DltvoTTWf Travel: 01-730 

Lasl minuie holiday*. <09231 
77i266>24hr*i Tim* way Holi- 


Huge d recount*. teiTd 19691 
Sunworld Travel. >05727) 
26097 27109 27638. . 

CHEAP FUCHTS Europe World- 
wide GUI Edge Travel: ABTA 
Ol 839 5033. Ring Angie 


Benz Travel- Tel 01 386 6414. 

01-434 0734 Jupiter Travel. 


* C.T.C Open Sal. 0783867036. 

tor Travel. 01 485 9237. IATA. 

nil. TTaiefwfce. Abia A (of. 

SPAM. Portugal. Cheapen toes. 
Biggie*. Ol 736 8191. ATOL. 

SWITEERLAIRP Scheduled fbght* 
01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 


CRMK Tartar 12 tienit owed 
motor yariil 2 wkv fT C425 BO 
liu Id* Whole boat available 
other week* from ElpOO. Free 
W vportv. h b. 01 326 1006. 
AMI 2091. 


TAKE TIME OFF to Part*. Am- 
xleidam. Brwrtv. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Roueiv Bou- 
logne A Dieppe. Tune Oft 2a. 
Chester qw» . Lon don, swix 
7BQ. 01 236 8070. 



couple take gwwl* uilliy b beau- 
UluJ 2 star hotel Superb French 
ruislnr. New twiinlMno PM 
Colour brochure Tel: 0103365 
91 61 31 




We can ataays an*? a «« etes 
uAL own it the tot nmR We 
Mwjntabtyft* hwl sMn 
r the Medamnnean. on Corfu, 
Crsta. Pans. Ataanm. Raty • on 
ita tartar «tth pool mm 
naM. some i cook. Prices’ From 
the wy roenswe » tt» a*p«- 
mtfy moflesd, 

Brodue; m 


43 CMeua SreN 

Laedrama 2P« 

•1-541 BB1 I 01-544 NOS 
(SW 002 - 24 hr 

brocNro santa) ^ 
ADA »m 

Wit. MarbeBa A Soulh Of 
France All vino* have own 
pooh. Palmer A Parker. 01-493 



MENORCA VHtaa. some wlifi 
pooK. aparltnenb. taicma*. all 
Clairs avail. July vperiafc- Mgh 
icasw from C12S Conic Hob- 
lUV* Ol 309 707 0 A 0622 
6T7071 or 06S2 677076 >24 
hrsi Aid 1772 



CAMKS Lu« b berth caravan, on 
a -j»r site. 2 swimming bwL 
avrfiiaf*- \i«u*l 3 16 al tow 
i air due lo raiFeltaiion Also 
Sroirintvr October Td.d«- 
Ol 871 0084 or eve* 684 3038 

■w. Lowest fare* IP wj 
toggles 736 8*93 Aid 1893 





■pR. tajf 8«a Aral Setontar. Co let OTO par waek. 


Spans, swi two tom , 

tsna. p»d U. Dweny, accata a pn» sto gstoi 


Sy ynd fl oor fiallttM reqa. t Amnan tat t dbh bed «» bRh ga 
I nonti iMHnue. £150 Mr wnk mchiSM. 

Sgo&SBwn jntro Mragnetj natowa 1 rm rtqx. 3oM Mfe . t 
tot. Co M. ttSOpr PMHL 

Tel: 01-351 0821 




5 Bedrooms. 3 Bathrooms. Shower rooms. 2 1 
necq p tion rooms with ba lconies- Large 
equipped kitchen; new carpels and curtains, 
dent Porter. C.H. Lift. etc. 


28 CAOOGAN PUCE LONDON' S IV 1 0 1 235 2222 


Selection of luxury Qau available. 

Fully fitted and furnished 
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ONHIRM Lu* Garden tfH. NWB 2 
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SWi: Ol 59* 8317, ictoc 
916368 NCHLDN. 

TAGE. Self roaumed WfirM 
for 1 person ipanfKy cougtoi. 
Lgr Ughi tod titling rra 6 »mly 
mi amr «tih balcony. Phone. 
£90 pw inr HW A CH Min lef 6 
mllrs. TO Ol 794 3143. 

FULHAM 2 mtn* from lube Com 
pleiefy f urn abed 2 double 
txflrooroed rial, lounge. fuUy 
flfWd kflrfirn and bathroom, m 
try phone, pro ale entrance 
Cl 40 per week. Co le< only Tel 
Prin OKrgao Oi aei aais. 

MCNGATC NS. Academic^ 
Dream wiin pork views 2 3 
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3 ? double bedrooms, filled 
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From £280 per week, nidus 
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In drftghtfUl 

Dornes- village. l«n cenrurv 
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bedroom*, ruruun J"d carpet*, 
wnw luxury nicbrn. sun room. 
Mho and garden Cl.8MP.rm. 
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I Stmenor PTOtoriles for 

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room in shared hse Gdn. all fa- 
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FLOOD STRUT large 2 bedr. 2 
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ISlhAoo-T. Haskins 730 9937 
KJC WU N 8 TO W WS Uev 1*1 fl m. 1 
dtUe bed. toe ret * brand new 
Ml. C179 pw tor. 01 938 239S. 
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N » prof. 039287 8479 
MARBLE ARCH: LUX 1 tod fta! 
very peaceful Close Hyde Pic 
UOOp W Tel. 01 4020961 
NWS. V lgr character m 1 bed. 1 
retro, k t b £12S pw. 62S 
8611 m. 

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2 recep. 2 bath ggr. C3SO pw 
626 8611. 

St IAMB'S Lux mod (urn studio. 
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Wi High Hcti av*- 3 «*draom 

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N14 writer offer* too nr. 2 CH 
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6 12 mlhs. C33B PM 6036091 
WZSoactous 2 Bed flal in etc Ofk 
OOP Park Rec. KS8. C250uw. 


beds house. ML bam. CH. gar- 
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AVAIL NOW NWB lux 1 oed fully 
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S beds. aU amen. Co Lei £275 
pw 788 6448 


Vert good ftah * hov»m tong 
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93796B1 The number lo remem 
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London areas tl 50/ C2.000pw 
Bale* 6 Co have a l arge rere c 
lion of flat* avail foe CTOCDWt 
W? * wS? Td 01 499 1666 



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KLKsfeniN. text rum apt 
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2 tjnJnns. etagait new. k A &. 
urtace £225 wt. 

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Norefy eonvortnd hugrior de- 
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beamom. shower room, recap- 
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£215 pal. . 


LovsJy bpbt 5m Moor SR In PM 
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ra oapbo n . fcRy Hied 
. £325 put 

01- 5*1 7846 

uxr.tuc- IHt^-SStSKI 
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RW2 LIT home 5 bad*. 2 batha 1 1 
eu suiiei. rlk room. 3 recep. to- 
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note, tonq Co let req- L380 00 
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SOUTH MX SWT Bnqhl 1st 
floor flal nose lube Lge Sunny 
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Brd wiih Dressing Rm + eiv 
Miilr Balh 2nd DWe Bed. Bftlh. 
kH. U500W Go0t«sB28B2Sl. 


I prior oegwined. * bedroom s . 
Double lecephon l 1 S. kitchen 
3 balh C14L Long short 1*1. Tel 
Angela Williams. Ol 258 3659. 

KNIGMTSBRRkGE. Lax flat. 2 
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C350OW 01-229 *68* 

LONG /SHORT Uft properlle* 
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sunny, garden mareonelle. 3 
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100 ms i3 4 brtfogmu. 2 bath- 
room*. modern klicnen. uutuy 
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KDOmCXM SW5. Amaang 
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Mr James- 01-588 1049 mavL 

lux flals houses UOO - E1000 
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Kav & LewH- South oi Uie Park. 
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pari 2 bedroom patio flat- 
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Long or short M.CBJIJ pre- 
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1690 or Ol 58 9 8122 

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rum Mr Mfrtvaef Norton' 
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KENSINGTON Wt Studio flat 
nnuhl- bealHHMBV furnished 
aeUlrhM ground floor Mudto In 
nml pan of KettonglMv Ideal 
lor profrsuonN perron ClOO 
pnr week tnt Tel 01 727 3901 

■EGENTS PARK. Marlborough 
Home* 1 bed. self com- h« llai 
lulls- furnished. C h. enlraocr 
phone, non or. Cl 20 pw itoe) 
Tel 638 6000 rtrt 8B28 idayi 
455 29o9 <ev«». 

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term K428 OS* Gga 6*1 

01-589 5481 





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BELGRAVIA. Handsome 2 bed- 
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IMMESTUD Amy 2 roomeut- 
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A?U»nw TOA1A377SI9 

also on page 23 

Law Report July 21 1986 

Proving undue 
influence in 
an agreement 

Goldsworthy v BridceH and 


Before Lord Justice Parker. 
Lord Justice Nourse and Sir 

John Megaw 

{Judgment delivered July 16] 

In order to ruse the presump- 
tion that an agreement had been 
procured by undue influence 
and thus to place upon the 

defendant the burden of show- 
ing that it had not been, it was 
not necessary for the plaintiff to 
prove that he had been domi- 
nated by the defendant; the law 
in that respect had not been 
changed by the decision of the 
House of Lords in National 
Westminster Batik pic v Morgan 
([1985] AC 686). 

The Court of Appeal so held 

Goldsworthy, from Mr Justice 
Gould ing who, on March 1. 
1985, had (i) dismissed his claim 
against the first defendant, Mr 
R. J. BricfceU. to set aside a 
tenancy agreement, by which 
the plaintiff had granted a 
tenancy of bis farm, as having 
been procured by undue in- 
fluence, and (ii) dismissed his 
claim against the second defen- 
dam. Jefferson Cooper & Co, 
Oxford, his former solicitors, for 
professional negligence. 

Mr Peter Scott, QC. Mr 
Jeremy Griggs and Mr Diaries 
Falconer for the plaintiff; Mr 
Robert Pryor, QC and Miss 
Joanne Moss for Uie first defen- 
dant Mr William Crowther. QC 
and Mr Jonathan Simpkiss for 
the second defendant 

said (hat undue influence could 
be presumed from a relationship 
wherein one party had ceded 
such a degree of trust and 
confidence as to require the 
other, on the ground of public 
policy, to show that it had not 
been betrayed or abused. 

Equity had steadfastly and 
wisely refused to put limits on 
the relationships to which the 
presumption could apply. It did 
not arise in every relationship of 
trust or confidence, but only 
where it resulted in the party in 
whom the trust or confidence 
reposed being in a position to 
influence the other into effecting 
lhe transaction of which com- 
plaint was later made. 

Even then the presumption 
did not become operative until 
the party who had ceded the 
trust and confidence made a gift 
so large, or entered into a 
transaction so improvident, as 
not to be reasonably accounted 
for on the ground of friendship, 
relationship, charity or other 
ordinary motives on which or- 
dinary men acted. 

Sucb a transaction would not 
be set aside it it were proved that 
it had been the spontaneous an 
of the donor in the free exercise 

The judge had found that the 
presumption of undue influence 
had arisen and nottieenjebut-. 
ted. but had held that the 
plaintiff had affirmed the agree- 
ment The first defendant had 
on appeal contended that the 
judge had been wrong in finding 
undue influence. 

It was not necessary for the 
plaintiff to prove dishonesty or 
conscious abuse of power by the 
first defendant m order to raise 
the presumption. Nor was it 
necessary to establish domina- 
tion by lhe first defendant 

In Tuft on v Sperni (119521 2 
TLR 528) it was expressly held 
that influence well short of 
domination was sufficient to 
raise the presumption, and that 
was in line with the test laid 
down ht tiie leading ninet eentb- 
century authorities. 

’ The first defendant had con- 
tended that those authorities 
had been impliedly overruled by 
the House of Lords in National 
Westminster Bank pic v Mor- 

Lord Scarman said there (at 
pp707-9) that a relationship 
between banker and customer 
would not ordinarily give rise to 
the presumption, but that, as in 
Poosathurai r Kannappa 
Chettiar ((1919) LR 47 IA \\ it 
could become one in which the 
banker acquired a dominating 

The word “dominate'* in 
Poosathurai arose from an In- 
dian statute, and it was impos- 
sible to regard that case as any 
authority for the proposition 
that in English law the presump- 
tion of undue influence could 
only arise where one party 
assumed a dominating influence 
over the other. 

If. which his Lordship very 
much doubted, the House of 

Legal effect of 
stopping car 
on motorway 

Mawson ▼ Chief Constable of 

Regulation 7(4) of the Motor- 
ways Traffic (England and 
Wales) Regulations (SI J 9 82 No 
1163) did not permit a motor 
vehicle stopped by tiie presence 
of another vehicle or object to 
stop and remain at rest on the 
carriageway of a motorway. Its 
effect was to predude the dnver 
of a vehicle stopped in those 
circumstances from committing 
an offence. 

. Accordingly, the offence of 
stopping a vehicle on a motor- 
way contrary to section 1 7 of the 
Road Traffic Regulation An 
1984 and Regulation 7 of the 
1982 Regulations carried an 
obligatory endorsement 

Tne Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Stephen Brown and Mr Justice 
Ouon) so held on July 11 
dismissing an appeal by Robert 
Mawson against the decision of 
the Si Helens Justices that his 
licence should be endorsed with 
three penalty points. 

BROWN said thaL conirary to 
the passage in Wilkinsons Road 
Traffic Offences. 12th edition, 
vol 1. at p356. regulation 7(4) 
was not permissive but simply 
excluded from the ambit of the 
regulations vehicles stopped be- 
cause of a traffic jam. 

Lords intended to hold the 
contrary, that holding was not 
necessary to the decision in 
Morgan and therefore was no: 
binding. It was inconceivable 
that their Lordships could have 
intended suh silenito to overrule 
not only Tuft on r Sperni but also 
ail the leading cases from 
Huguenin v Base/ey ((1807) 14 
Vcs Jun 273) onwanis. 

It followed that, in adopting 
the lest in Tufion, the judge had 
applied an entirely correct test. 
There was ample evidence en- 
titling the judge to conclude that 
there was a confidential 
relationship between the plain- 
tiff and the first defendant to 
which the presumption applied. 

It was dear beyond doubt that 
the granting of die tenancy was 
manifestly and unfairly dis- 
advantageous to the plaintiff 
and so improvident as not to be 
reasonably accounted for by 
ordinary motives. The first 
defendant had not proved that 
the plaintiff had granted the 
tenancy only after full, fire and 
informed thought about it. and 
accordingly it was in the first 
instance liable to be set aside. 

If the first defendant could 
establish one of the equitable 
defences of laches, acquiescence 
or confirmation, that would 
justify the judge's finding that 
the plaintiff had affirmed the 
agreement, once he was fully 
aware of its terms, by continuing 
to accept rent and allowing the 
first defendant to expend money 
on the farm. 

Judge and counsel below had 
agreed that acquiesence could 
not be established since the 
plaintiff did not know or his 
right to set the agreement aside, 
but ihejudge had held that the 
plaintiffs conduct bad given 
rise to a promissory estoppel. 
The judge had found that the 
first defendant might reasonably 
have concluded that the plaintiff 

was choosing to treat the ten- 
ancy as valid. 

That could not have been 
enough to amount to the clear 
and unequivocal representation 
necessary to found promissory 
estoppel; it would have had to 
be established that the first 
defendant could not reasonably 
have arrived at any other 
conclusion but that the plaintiff 
was choosing to treat the ten- 
ancy as valid. 

There was fn any event no 
evidence that the first defendant 
had relied on such a representa- 
tion to his detriment. 

His Londship was exceedingly 
doubtful whether the assump- 
tion that it was not open to the 
first defendant to rely on 
acquiescence was correct. In 
Holder v Holder ([ 19681 Ch 353) 
it was said that there was no 
hard and fast rule that ignorance 
in the plaintiff of his right to set 
aside necessarily barred the 
defence of acquiescence; the 
whole of the circumstances were 
tp be looked at to see if it was 
just for the plaintiff to succeed. 

In John r James ((un- 
reportedX November 29. 1985) 
Mr Justice Nichoils applied 
Holder to a case of undue 

The first defendant had 
elected not to advance the 
defence of acquiescence on the 
appeal. Accordingly the 
plaintiffs appeal should be al- 
lowed as against the first defen- 
dant. but dismissed as against 
the second defendant- The ten- 
ancy agreement would be set 
aside and the plaintiff granted 
possession of the farm. 

concurring, said that Lord 
Scarman had not, when using 
the expression “dominating 
influence" in Morgan, which be 
had not attempted to define, 
intended to hold that the law 
haul been previously misunder- 
stood. much less to overrule a 
long line of cases. 

He had used the expression as 
no more than a convenient 
means of describing a relation- 
ship in which one party was in a 
position to exercise influence 
over the other and that other 
naturally relied upon the first 
for advice or placed such trust 
and confidence in him that the 
court considered it necessary 
that a transaction between them 
should be shown not to have 
been the result of the influence 
of the one and the reliance, trust 
or confidence of the other. 

Sir John Megaw delivered a 
concurring judgment. 

Solicitors: Burges Salmon. 
Bristol: Jaggar & Co. Swindon: 
Wansbroughs. Bristol. 

How witness 
can refresh 
his memory 

Regina v Tyagi 

It was perfectly proper for a 
witness u> refresh his memory 
from his previous witness state- 
ment even if the suggestion that 
he should see that statement 
came from the judge himself. 

The Court of Appeal (Crim- 
inal Division) (Lord Justice 
Ralph Gibson. Mr Justice Hirst 
and Mr Justice Ouon) so held 
on July i 8. dismissing an a( 
against conviction for thef 

GIBSON said that during the 
trial the judge inquired whether 
a witness who was giving ev- 
idence flu- the prosecution had 
seen his statement and then 
suggested that the witness 
should go out of court and read 
iL When the evidence was 
resumed the witness was cross- 
examined on the statement. 

The fact that the suggestion 
that the witness should see his 
statement came from the judge 
did not make any difference. 
Evidence was not a memoty test 
and ihejudge had to assist in the 
discovery of the truth. 

However, it was generally 
belter that the witness should 
remain in court to refresh his 
memory, but nothing untoward 
had happened when he left the 
court and therefore there was no 
ground for interfering with the 

IH£ iiM£S MONDAY JULV jlI ijgoo 


Carson sits and suffers 

Willie Carson, who bruised 
his back when thrown in the 
parade ring by Update Gai at 
Newbury on Friday, returned 
to the Berkshire course on 
Saturday and was passed fit by 
the doctor, but decided not to 

That decision cost the Scot- 
tish jockey two winning rides 
at the meeting. Roundlet and 
Wassl Touch, both trained by 
Dick Hem. and Carson said: " 
! made my decision after 
physiotherapy. I'm all right, 
but a bit uncomfortable. My 
next rides are at Oszend on 

Another jockey in the wars, 
Grevillc Starkey, who pulled a 
muscle at Kempton on Thurs- 
day. does not expect to resume 
riding before Wednesday. 

Tony Murray, yet another 
top jockey sidelined, missed 

one of the easiest of winning 
rides when Al Kaahir stormed 
home eight lengths clear in the 
£12.000 Morland Brewery 

Richard Hills, who had to 
give up three rides at New- 
market when Tom Jones 
claimed him to ride Al Kaahir, 
said; “Tony had a sauna, took 
a bit of weight off and felt 
giddy afterwards.'’ 

After Torwada had shown 
the way for over a mile. Lie In 
Wail went on, but less than a 
furlong later Al Kaahir swept 
ahead. Hills, riding his 20th 
winner of the season and 
leaving nothing to chance, 
kept the colt up to his work. 

The winner is entered for 
the St Leger, but no jjlans will 
be finalised until his trainer, 
Tom Jones, returns from the 
Keeneland Sales. 

Ian Balding, who won the 
first race with Highest Praise, 
partnered by Paul Cook, did 
even better in the second, the 
Manton Rose Bowl, saddling 
Sea Dara and Simple Taste to 
finish first and second. 

Although these two nice 
young fillies have never 
worked together. Balding and 
virtually everyone in the yard 
expected Simple Taste to 
prove the better and she was 
backed from 3-1 to 7-4. while 
Sea Dara eased from 2-1 to 

St Leger 

Rosedale ready to 
uphold Dunlop’s 
fine Ayr record 

w : :% . 

From Our Irish Racing 
Correspondent OnbUn 

There has been a marked 
shortage of Irish takat in action 
in the English classics so Ear this 
tens, bat Dari d O’Brien may 
well have a lively prospect for 
the St Leger at Doncaster ia the 
shape of Sheikh Mohammed's 

As a yearling Anthaal fetched 
a European yeariing record price 
of 3 , 100,000 guineas but be has 
had several setbacks. However, 
be made his belated debut at 
Leopardstowa yesterday and 
preceded by a big home reputa- 
tion c an tered In a 12-tmgth 
winner from Short Selling in the 
CannaUath Maiden. 

The winner's time of 2 min 
353 sec was most, satisfactory 

Pat Eddery, haring wen the 
first race of the afternoon ea 
Di amon d Seal was aboard a 
short-priced favourite. Hungry 
Giant, in the £12,000 
Baliydtorus Stakes. This pro- 
vided a dose finish, bet Hungry 
Giant did not carry through with 
his effort and lost by a length to 

By Mandarin 


Surprise m 
shires i 
at Kent’s 

By Gordon Allan . - ^ . 




Sea Dara showing her stable companion Simple Taste the way home at Newbury 

Pat Eddery had ridden both 
in races, had the choice of 
mounts, picked Sea Dara, and 
was proved right. Sea Dara 
made virtually all the running 
and was two lengths ahead of 
Simple Taste, the mount of 
Paul Cook, at the post. 

The Kingsdere trainer said: 
“We are thrilled to have won a 
listed race with Sea Dara, and 
she'll now go for something 
like the Lowther at York, 
while Simple Taste will go on 
to seven fiirlongs next time.” 

Moon Madness, stepping 
out of handicap class, extend- 
ed his winning sequence to 
five when landing the listed 
Mecca Bookmakers Scottish 
Derby at Ayr by one and a half 
lengths from Kadial. 

After Helsanon took them 
along, Kadial struck the front 
two and a half fiirlongs out, 
but the 7-4 on favourite. 
Moon Madness, was in close 
attendance and quickened su- 
perbly entering the final fur- 
long to take command. 

John Dunlop, who trains 
the colt for owner-breeder 
Lavinia. Duchess of Norfolk, 
said: “I won this race with 
Jalmood, but before today's 
event, I considered that my 
colt would have a job to beat 
Kadial. It was fust time out of 
a handicap for Moon Mad- 
ness. but he's certainly got a 
bit of class. He's on course for 
the St Leger, and will have one 
outing beforehand - probably 
in the March Stakes at 

At Newmarket Possedyno 
showed a excellent turn of foot 
to get up close home and win 
the Food Brokers Cutty Sark 
Handicap by a length from 
Bertie Wooster. 

After No Beating Harts set a 
good gallop, he was challenged 
by Bertie Wooster and Re- 
spect at the furlong marker. 
Steve Cauthen. who had been 
biding his time on Possedyno. 
then swooped between the two 
leaders well inside the final 

furlong to win in spectacular 

David Elsworth was repre- 
sented by his travelling head 
lad, Peter Maughan, who said: 
“ We are toying with the idea 
of running this horse at 

Princess Anne is still with- 
out her first winner. Her 
seventh ride. Coral Harbour, 
could get no nearer than fifth 
behind easy scorer Sadeem in 
the Britvic Amateur Riders 
Stakes. Sadeem, a 3-1 on 
chance, is in the St Leger, and 
Mark Perrett, representing 
Guy Harwood said "This was 
purely an educational race for 
him ” 

Local trainer Geoff Wragg 
won with his first two-year-old 
runner of the season, Le 
Favori, in the Primula Maiden 
Stakes. This son of Mummy's 
Pet who beat Tauber a neck, 
provided a welcome change of 
luck for Phillip Robinson, 
who had not ridden a winner 
for three weeks. 

Balbonella is 
well bought 

this afternoon's Tennent 
Trophy. , 

With Moot Madness extend- 
ing his winning sequence uj tbe 
£20,000 Scottish Derby on Sat- 
urday, the Arundel trainer now 
tackles this £12,000 handicap 
with another progressive tfaree- 
year-oki colt in Rosedale. 

This son of Vaguely Noble 

takes on older horses for die first 

time here, but is fully entitled to 
his position at the head of the 
handicap on the strength of his 
two most recent runs in group 
company on the continent. 

Following a dose second to 
Family Friend in a group three 
race at Longchamp, Rosedale 
was sent to Italy fora group two 
contest at Tunn. where he .ran 
out an easy winner of the 
£ 1 5,000 prize from Local Her- 
bert, himself a pattern race 
winner on bis previous outing. 

Earlier in the season 1 was 
impressed by the courage 
Rosedale displayed when going 
down by a short bead to 
Mubaaris at York and, although 
that winner has done tbe form 

However. Rosedale’s group 
race performances suggest ne 
has a touch of class, in which 
case be should improve the 
excellent Ayr record of Dunlop, 
who is leading train er at the 
Scottish track in percentage 

Another top weight with 
sound prospects at Ayr is 
Murphy's Wheels in the RozeUe 
Handicap , while the swift re- 
appearance of Tender Type, a 
winner at Hamilton on Thurs- 
day night, looks significant in 
the Turn berry Handicap. 

Saffan, runner-up to Tender 
Type, also turns out again 
quickly but rather than take on 
that winner again. Mark Pres- 
cott sends Sanaa to POTtefiact 
where he will appreciate the 
return to 10 furlongs in the 
KeUingtey Handicap, having 
failed to fast out the I Vi miles al 

The rest of tbe Pontefr act car d 
looks moderate in the extreme 
with tbe exception of Paean, 

Balbonella (Yves Saint-Mar- 
tin), purchased by Maktoum Al* 
Maktonm before the race, made 
all tbe to win tbe Prix 

Robert Papia at Maisons- 
Laffitte yesterday. Fabulous No- 
ble (Dish Asmnssen) won 
Saturday's Prix Clriee nt Ewy hi 
which John Dunlop's Princess 
Nawaal finished eleventh. 

At Frankfurt yesterday, 
Nebris, Bold Indian and HeDo 
faww' finished third, filth and 
seventh respectively behind 
Graner Wicht in tbe Henry M 
Betrix Hensen-Pokal. 

Hegmcy Fine (Robert Street) 
got British trainers oft to a good 
start at Ostend by w i nn in g the 
Prix Lflysol on Satmtfay. 
Palaestra (John Lowe) kept up 
the good work with a five-length 
victory in yesterday's Grand 
Prix dn Casino Knrsaal 

Hi ghlan d Chieftain leads the 
British challenge on today's 
£41,408 Grand Prix Prince 
Rose. Also in tbe line-up are 
Phardaate, Iroko and 

that wmnCT uasaoiM rnei™ ^ ^ gan at vay unreward- 
no favours since, mynaphas to ^ Golden Heights 

continued to thrive and there is ■ H .. Stake , 

fa the A^on Han State. 

horse on tbe fast ground be has 
encountered since York. 

Tbe Prudent Prince has gone 
from strength to strength this 
season and looks the principal 
danger. The merit of his latest 
victory al Newmarket 12 days 
ago was underlined when the 
third horse. Jackdaw, won at 
Newbury on Friday. 

Special Vintage was a good 
stayer two seasons ago but has 
yet to recapture that sparkle and 
for third spot I prefer the other 

Peter WaJwyn, the trainer of 
Golden Heights, may eqjoy 
better fortune at Wolver- 
hampton with EInafhr, who can 
take foil advantage of tbe 16 fb 
be receives from Fleeting Affair 
in the Dunstall Derby. 

Steve Cautben, aboard Paban 
at Pontefract, moves on * to 
Windsor in die evening where 
be should land a double Tor 
Fufke Johnson Houghton - via 
ainhw Water (7.50) and 
Nilambar (8J>0)- . . J.. . 

Today’s course specialists 


TRAMBtS: J Ountop 17 womens from <9 
runners. 34.7%; J HnxSey 24 from 94. 
255%; M W Ezstertw 5 from 20. 25JT%. 
JOCKEYS: K Hodgson 18 winners from 79 
rates. 22X1%: OltichaBs 19 from 127. 
15.0%; N Corinorton 14 from 103. 13£%- 


TTUUNBtS: H CecB 9 wirnsrs from 22 
ranters, 40-9%; 1 Baking 16 from 50. 
32.0%; M States 13 wfcmars (ram 5a 

JOCKEYS: SCeutton 16 winters from54 
rides. 296%; M Birch ZOfrom 189, me%; 
L Ctamock 7 from 86. 8.1%. 

TRAINERS: N Vigors 11 varners-tom 48 
runners. 223%Te Harwood 6 Inm 28. 
21.4%; J Winter 5 from 26. 192%. . . __ 
JOCKEYS; PBt Eddery 7 winners tern 31 
rides, 22B%cTOattn10finom9ai67%:J 
Reid 18 from 164. 11.0%. 


TOAMBIS: workman 16 wtrmwstrom 
62 umars. 25J%; R Johnson itaigbton 
13 from 65. 200%; I Batdkig 10 fibm 57. 

JOCKEYS; PW Eddery 57 mrmers from 
263 rides. 21.7%; SCamten 26 Atm 162, 
16.0%; W Caraon26 from 192, 13£%. 

Wiltshire and Worcestershire, 
neither of whom have woo the 
Middleton Cup. the .chanty 
championship trophy, will meet 
in the semi-finafe-ai Worthing 
on August 23. jfo the- -other 
match Northumberiand,. the. 
holdere. ptay Lgocstcrahi re. 

There was a npp)e oTsurpng 
round the strifes o*er the result 
at Old Coulsdon on Saturday 
when Wiltshire, ^wfao w* 
nicknamed the Rtoonrakeft 
beat Kent, a team weB stocks* 
with international eatperiencK 
by 124 shots to 88.rh 
Kent's chance of hofaing tig 
indoor and outdoor, county 
championships in tbe same year 
and sent Wiltshire memories 
back to 1956,. the last time the? 
reached the semi-finals. 5- ./ 

One of their stops on SA*- 
urday, Alec Pulfin, the 
Chippenham Town dub. played 
in that match ax Mortake ^O 
years ago. His was the only rink 
to lose against Kent or. lo pat if 
more tellingly, Andy Ttoinseh 
was the only Kent stop wndue 
side did the job expected *C 
them. ‘ 

Thomson woo 34-1© but go? 
was .dust in the balance ooor 
pared with wfaai happened dsg- 
wbere. Mel. Biggs /beat ; --.Lm 
Haynes 27-12. JOTS^urgb^ 

Pfyse*beaTo!lry Smith 2£li; 
and .Cedi Exxon; beat Mar^n 
Sekjer I9-1& Geoff Whafci^ 
David . Crocker drew : 15-15. 

- Kent were outbowled ,a»2 raid 
so. -Pv 

RESULTS: O — faNW Wo rtwmter, 
land 128. HBtfantefUra 117; teffite to to 
120, Durham 113; W»sMr*12MCa«Mfc 
WOroaateratiira l2Q,Mddte9ax'11?- 
• ■ David Cutler, thehofafoc. 
has reached the semi-finals, 
tbe national invitation siMJes, 
which will be played at Wpe- 
• ibing on August L7. In his fifth 
round mateftat Bath yesterday 
he beat Grant Burgess -2M7: ; 
RESULTS; RMi round: DOte 
21, G Bumss AMorcsl 17 



■*.v . i 

Hv; = 




I BvQ 1 ’ 





sign of an upturn 

as the British 
standard hits a new low 

e* i • • r '-Ira. "8 Qf X 


! 'VS?',! 
! :Sig$ 


-“•A V_' 

By Rex BeQflmy, Tenuis Correspondent 

; ‘Australia have advanced to 
the semi-finals of the Davis 
tup competition for the four- 

w 15 years since 
Oft cnaiiengp .round was abol- 
ishttt That is a superb 
SWBievemem for a team still 
playing in- the long shadows 
dan by Newcombeand Roche, 

Ktroon. and StoHe, Laver 
andRosewalt, and the present 
fspfonv Neale Fraser. 

^There was a lot of Irish 
gu»d m the players who beat 
B^iiain. 3>0 at Wimbledon 
without .conceding a set. 

-You’ve got to be a Mick to 
gjtmthe team,” Fraser joked, 
after Saturday’s deciding dou- 
bles. “I hone the filivs minv 

:v- 2 . : § 

r s-; 

.v — 

. r;.:-- £ss» 

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! . -KZ 

j M--\,L ll! bfc 

; •• 


' -“®SS 

. hope the guys enjoy 
temselves tonight and turn 
MP on time tomorrow.” He 
v#s. referring to yesterday's 
iwo dead- singles - evidently 
of less immediate importance 
to the Australians than me 
'pfospectof a few beers and 
distant- support for Greg 
tfCorman-'s * labours at 

dOo the other hand Fraser 
suggested ihat both teams had 
^something to gam from the 
.third day. “T o play just a de ad 
‘■fiSbbef in the Davis Cup 
Jurtheis your education,” he 
tsaia.- Paul Hutchins, the Brit- 
captain, said the subject of 
dead rubbers needed discus- 
15101 L But he added: “For a lot 
.of smaller countries, three 
^days of tennis and income are 
•‘more important than any 
•Annoyance to the players.” 
..^Financial expedience gov- 
l ems too many arguments in 
-f^nnis. Administrators are 
.^hypocritical in tolerating dead 
^'Davis Cup matches while 
^turning up their noses at other 

events in which the competi- 
tive element is questionable. I 
prefer John Lloyd's view: “I 
have always felt that you 
should not sell tickets for the 
last day. A dead rubber is like 
a tournament play-off for 
third place.” 

A bad shoulder, injured 
during practice, krai Uoyd 
out of the doubled in which 
Pat Cash and John Fitzgerald 
took only 95 minutes to win 6 - 
L 7-5, 6-4 against the make- 
J. 13 ***' . comparatively 
lightweight partnership of 
Jeremy Bates and Colin 
DowdeswelL Cash played 
even better than he had in the 
angles. The Australians were 
more aggressive, hit harder, 
exposed the weakness of the 
Britons’ serving, and had the 
sharper doubles sense — most 
evident .in their interceptions 
and their use of the angles. 

This was only the third time 
(on grass, the first) that Britain 
had losr a Davis Cup tie 
without winning a set Nor 
had they much to build on. 
Bates, aged 24, has yet to 
establish himself in the top 
100. Andrew Castle, aged 22, 
is - in his fim year as a 
professional. Dowdeswell, 
aged 31, no longer plays full- 
time. and Lloyd, almost 32, 
has retired from singles and 
does not intend to become a 
serious doubles specialist 

It must be added that 
Castle's game matured in the 
United States, DowdeswelTs 
in what was then Rhodesia, 
and that Lloyd was already in 
the top 100 when Hutchins 
became national team manag- 
er in 1 975. Is Britain incapable 

of producing another 
Sangster, another Taylor? 

It is all very well for 
Hutchins (0 point out that the 
Lawn Tennis Association pro- 
vide training, coaching, com- 
petition, advice, and physical 
conditioning — and suggest 
that “it is up to the players’ 
hearts, their guts, their deter- 
mination, to make the most of 
all that.” 

It is all very well for 
Hutchins to talk of engaging 
coach to travel with the belt i 
players — and for Hutchins 
and Uoyd to stress that this is 
an era of opportunity and to 
discuss the opportunity of 
using Lloyd's base in Florida 
as a training and coaching 
camp for British players. It is 
all very well for the LTA to 
talk — as they have done for 
decade and more — of the 
potential benefits of their 
reorganized development 

The fact remains that the 
shop window of British tennis 
(men's and women’s) looks 
worse now than it did in 1980, 
when a committee of inquiry 
appointed by the government 
published a damning report 
on British tennis. Nor is it any 
consolation that in the United 
States, too, the enviable 
wealth of the national associa- 
tion is not reflected in playing 
resources. The LTA may kid 
themselves that exciting 
things are happening, or are 
about to happen. But passen- 
gers on the Titanic presum- 
ably felt the same way. 
RESULTS (British names first): 
Bates and C Dowdeswell lost to J 
Fitzgerald and P McNamee. 0*1, 7- 
S. 8-4: A Castle lost to P Cash. 8 - 6 , 


:* 5 * 4*15 

* V-j- 


- r ‘-ZfZ2z'<i 

- Si 

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*• : .-j 'cu 


S' . TSP. 

Lawson heads for 
championship title 

From Michael Scott, Marseilles 

; t. 

.-. -* rs: 


r..t: *11 

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-- -- 

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. ^JU.- - 

,. t . --Eddie Lawson yesterday re- 
~ sinned his interrupted progress 
, to a world championship with a 
.'convincing victory m the 
' french Grand Prix. He ls now 
^ almost certain of the 500cc title. 
-V Racrpg with an injured sbouL 
, "4cr, Lawson led on his Mari- 
V ('Tobro-Yamaha from . Jap two 
rWiti f the flag ar the Paul RicStrf 
;'<njfcuif in an exciting race, wjiich. 
: -took place in considerable heat,' 
„ He now needs only to finish 
"‘ second in the remaining three 
, .grand prix rounds. 

.. Randy Mamota was second 
after a dramatic charge from last 
place, 'wiifi the Ftenchnfan, 
;iChrisiian Sarrotj, third and 
VMike Baldwin fourth, all riding 
' Yamahas. 

.“£ 7 -Wayne Gardner had been 
‘ ^second, but dropped to' fifth by 
‘ /die end, though his was the first 
".^Honda to finish. The Britons, 

• JlobMcElneaand Ron Hasiarn, 
,:were sixth and seventh 
r Respectively. 

; : * “My shoulder went numb, 

* and 1 had no problems at alL” 
'“said Lawson, who set a new lap 
. jccord early in the race. The 
^shoulder had been injured in a 
■'.crash in America a week ago. 

2 — ■ •• 1 

As Gardner, Baldwin, 
McBnea and Sarron swapped 
places behind Lawson, 
Mam ola’s Lucky Strike Yamaha 
was surging through the field. 
He had been left at the Stan after 
fie had discovered hischuch was 
dragging on the warm-up bp. 
his mechanics having to chang e 
' it on the hner They snapped the 
fairing into place as the gree n 
light showed, and Mamola 
Started his engine' as the last 
man accelerated away. The 
American had the crowd cheer- 
ing as he forced his way to 
-second place soon after half- 

Later, the Ve nezue l an . Car- 
los Lavado (Yamaha), came 
through to win a hard-fought 
250 cc race from the Spaniard, 
Sito Pons, and the Frenchman, 
Dominic Sarron. Lavado in- 
creases his championship lead. 

JESUL7BS SOOce 1. E Lawson (US) 
Yamaha. <2mln 57j0lsae (i 06-527 nmht 
Z R Mamola (US) Yamaha. 43^5836:3, C 
Sairon (Ft) Yamaha, 4*t1 jCT-. 4, M 
Baldwin (U9 Yamaha, 43.-11^: 5. W 
Gardner (Aus). Honda. «:19J?7; 6. R 
McBnaafeS) Yamaha. 4323.18: 7, R 
Hastem (d8) Honda. 4«02 j04: 8 . D de 
Radigoes (Bal) Honda. 44^3X8; 9. D 
Paterson (Ztei) SuzuW. 44:3a 19 ; 10 , p 
UwM (Aua) SuziMd, 44^9a 


i'.-i y 

- * V 



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LiTSX*- M 

New race set to change 
tack on sponsorship 

By a ^>edal Correspondent 


,. : V 



i Y- 


- 1 * 

; il Eght crews from different 
i ‘ dubs start racing today on the 
^.Solent, not merely for foe 
J,- honour of winning but for 
'something altogether more tan- 
gible: a cash prize of J.000 
^guineas. The sport which has for 
'S torig fought hard to keep what it 
sees as foe ovils of advertising 
and sponsored professional! sin 
at bay seems set to contemplate 
a Change of tack if the new 
event, organized by that bastion 
qf the Establishment, the Royal 
'-Yacht Squadron, is a success. 

Sponsored by a ctothing 
^manufacturer, the Viyella Cup is 
- 'a new- match racing event in 
which" aft crews receive what 
sr amounts to starting money (tnis 
year £250)- The money, how- 
".'ever, goes not to the successful 
helmsman but to his club with 
.‘"the proviso that it must be spent 
enhance the club s 
V facilities”. . ~ . . .... r 
"-2 The event is the brainchild of 
• -fa' Squadron member who is an 
r^entrepreneuir in foe leisure m- 
st-flusuy. Sir ■ David 

idea is to provide a vehicle by 
U ' Which sponsorship money. 

which is becoming increasingly 
available to yachting thanks to 
media interest in events such as 
the America’s Cup, can be 
channelled into club-level ama- 
teur yachting and away from the 
newly developing professional 

Jf the experiment is.a success, 
its significance in terras of race 
sponsorship could be far-reach- 
ing. For this first event, invita- 
tions were sent to wily eight 
dubs, but it is envisaged that in 
the future, the field should be 
thrown open to any dub 

The participating dubs this 
year are foe Island Sailing Club 
at Cowes, the Royal Thames, 
the Royal London, the Royal 
Torbay, the Royal Lymington. 
the RovaJ Southern and the 
Royal Ocean Racing Clubs 
along with the Royal Yacht 
Squadron. Helmsmen and crews 
include such names as Peter 
Nicholson. David Thomas, 
Jonathan Bradbeer, Andy 
Cassell and Ian Lai low, and me 
racing will be held over three 
days: today, tomorrow and 


the board 

Cfcnada won all the medals in 
the men's individual sabre finals 
at the Commonwealth Federa- 
tion championships at Sophia 
Gardens. Cardiff, on Saturday. 

In the final bout, Jean-Pauf 
Banos, aged 25. beat his younger 
brother Jean-Marie 12-1 1 in a 
not altogether -unexpectedly 
dreary fight for the gold and 
stiver medai-placings- • 
Fonunately. prior to this, 
England's Mark Hal), compet- 
ing kr bis first major inter- 
national. and the Canadian. 
Wulf Balk, put on an attractive 
display of sabre at its best. Hall 
losing 13-12. 

Mark Slade, of England, and 
Norman Milligan, of Wales, lost 
to Balk and Jean- Paul Banos in 
the first round of the final. 
Richard Cohen, of Northern 
Ireland, who won the sabre title 
for England at foe last 
Commonwealth Games, lost 10- 
8 to Jean-Marie Banos, also in 
the first round. 

RESULTS: Mwcl ■—tertnir U-lg Rut 

round: J P Banos (Can) MNMH 

(Wales) 10-7; M Has (Ena) w 6 tor p , 
11 -ft W U Balt (Can) W « SJade (&fl) li- 
ft J M Banos (Can) M R Coften [Mtt 1 ML 
SwHMk J P Banos bt Hal 10-7; J M 

Banos bt B«*c 12-1 a Pinafc J P Banos t*J 

M Banos 12-11. Bronx* nodal bout: Ba8< 

bt HaH 13-12- 


Northover win 
comes after 
close match 

By Our Shooting 
Bob Northover of foe British 
Pistol Club, who will be 
representing England at the 
Commonwealth Games, yes- 
terday won the British Centre 
Fire Pistol Championship 
The runners-up, David Trigg 
of foe Stock Exchange Rifle 
Club and Mike Cutler of 
Maidenhead scored 583 but 
Trigg had a six-point advantage 
on the count back. 

RESULTS: Brttcfc Centra Ftm pitta) 
efagnpton ih tp: 1 R. HortbOWr (BCa. 585; 
2. D Trigg (Stock Exchange), 583/148; 3. 
M Cutter (Mattantead). SsSfUZ. Coma 
Oorte Statuette (SOOMt 1. A J Clark 
“ - — “3). SO& 2. G V Feast 

McDermott (Aus), 

c I^J 143; 2 , 


147. Detar MaS Trophy 

with 50/25 (Heshoot 1 ... . 

on tuft Past): tf Hawkos ff)L. . 
297; z Northover. 296: 3, Map r J Gou 
(Cambertey). 295. Sean Cap (UTT Pfsk 
i, P Walshem ( Army TSCl 288; Z 
Hartson (Marytebcne). 2B7. 


*- a.'' ■ 

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r_-' j j Whitaker - 
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■^GG Greenldgo 
. - tf W K M Benjamin 
j Abrahams. 

C.E B Rice 
.. -PM Roebuck 
... N H Fairbrother 
c . A R Border 
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vPA Neale 
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Eyes down for another Cram winner at Binningham 

Jackson compared 
to Nehemiah 
after gold medal 

From Pot Batcher, Athletics Correspondent, Athens 

The long jump was almost the 
breaking of Colin Jackson this 
week, when an injury received 
while training for that event 
three weeks ago nearly kept him 
out of the junior world 
championships here. Bui foe 
same event could be the making 
of him in the future. 

Thai may seem a curious 
prognosis for a young man who 
has just won the world junior 
hurdles title in a personal best of 
13.44sec, second only in junior 
history’ to the 13223sec of 
Renaldo Nehemiah, the world 
record holder, to whom Jackson 
was being roundly compared in 
Athens this weekend. 

But the feci is that Jackson 
leans towards the first athletics 
event he ever tried as a Cardiff 
schoolboy: "When I was II 
years old, 1 jumped 5.01 metres, 
and if 1 wasn't running so fast 
over hurdles at foe moment. I'd 
be long jumping.” 

The measure of Jackson's 
worth in field events is that, in 
his only competition this year, 
he has jumped, albeit wind- 
assisted, 7.96 metres. Thejunior 
title here was won by Dtetmar 
Haaf of West Germany with 
7.93 metres. Jackson expects to 
clearly 8.0 metres this season, 
and if he can do it in two weeks’ 
time, then be is likely to win 
another Commonwealth medal, 
since he is jumping, as well as 
hurdling, for Wales in Edin- 
burgh. But he admits that it will 
be a couple of years before he is 
strong enough to attack the 
British long jump record of 8.23 
metres, set 19 years ago by 
another Welshman, Lynn 

Long jumping did not make 
the immediate future look so 
good a week ago. Jackson said 
yesterday: “I still couldn't touch 

my toes without pain,” and 
Terry Newsome, the British 
team physiotherapist admitted: 
“I saw him when we arrived last 
Monday and I gave him very 
little chance of even competing. 
Jackson only look off a thigh 
strapping to run his heat on 
Friday, and then put it back on 
immediately afterwards. 

But Saturday morning, foe 
day of the final and of foe fim 
cloudy sky of the week, dawned 
bright for Jackson. “It was foe 
first time in force weeks that 1 
hadn’t felt any pain.” 

The suffering was kept for foe 
opposition. While Jon Ridgeon. 
his team partner, who had 
beaten Jackson in last year’s 
European junior title, struggled 
to win his semi-final in I3.94sec, 
Jackson jogged in after clearing 
the tenth hurdle, and still ran 
1 3.7 1 sec in foe other. He was 
almost five metres dear of 
Ridgeon in the finaL and what's 
more his time of 13.44sec was 
achieved into a 0.8 tnetres-per - 
second headwind. Statisticians 
reckon that a one metre-per - 
second headwind is worth an 
extra tenth of a second. 

It was the best track perfor- 
mance of the championships 
and it left many experts giving 
Jackson more than an" equal 
chance of winning foe European 
senior title in Stuttgart next 
month as well. 

It was also time to be thankful 
for another of Jackson's school- 
boy preferences. He had also 
played for the Welsh Schools at 
cricket, until foe Saturday after- 
noon at the age of 14 when be 
had to choose between a cricket 
match and an athletics meeting. 
The gold medal that be fingered 
rum i natively at foe press con- 
ference was proof of foe right 

Legs with 
in them 

By Cliff Temple 

As some of foe athletes picked 
up their bogs and beaded for 
Edinbuigh, leaving others who 
could only wish they were going, 
it was foe performance of 
competitor who was not in any 
way involved in the Common- 
wealth Games which most 
warmed the heart at the Pearl 
Assurance Invitation meeting in 
Birmingham on Saturday. 

Until July 31, David 
Moorerofl is still the reigning 
Commonwealth 5,000 metres 
champion- But his medical 
problems since 1982 have been 
well documented and for him 
suddenly to better one of his 
personal best performances set 
during that glorious summer of 
1982 was encouraging to say the 

As John Walker, foe 1976 
Olympic 1.500 metres cham- 
pion, has shown a noteworthy 
resurgence in recent weeks, and 
could even succeed Moorcrofi 
as 5.000 metres champion in 
Edinburgh, it was no surprise to 
find him winning foe 2,000 
metres on Saturday in 5min 

I. 33sec. But for Moorcrofi to 
have finished a brave second in 
5min Z86sec, his fastest ever, 
holding off the current AAA 
5.000 metres champion Tim 
Hutchings (another potential 
successor to Moorcrofi in Edin- 
burgh). was to underline how 
Moorcrofi has been frustrated 
by his own fragile frame in foe 
past four years. 

But Moorcrofi, now 33, who 
underwent that nightmare 
Olympic final in Los Angeles, is 
not one to complain. Not only is 
he apparently unperturbed at 
not being able to defend his title 
in Edinburgh (be did not seek 
selection), but be confirmed 
after Saturday's race that he will 
not be aiming for the European 
championships in Stufrgan next 
month either. “I think ! might 
be capable of a 5.000 metres in 
around !3min 30sec. but that 
wouldn't be good enough”, said 
foe man whose former world 
record was half a minute faster 
than that. 

So he will just keep training, 
and see what happens. But it is a 
performance like Saturday's 
which must reassure him that 
there could after all still be 
another Olympics in those legs. 

The elegant 400 metres hur- 
dling of Ed Moses, scoring his 
1 1 2th successive victory as eas- 
ily as most of foe previous 111. 
and the UK all-comers record of 

II. 09sec ia foe women's 100 
metres by foe American Olym- 
pic champion. Evelyn Ashford, 
added their own gloss to a 
meeting which had evolved over 
its two days into a shapeless sort 
of a preview, consolation and 
alternative version . of the 
Commonwealth Games. 

The Kenyan steeplechaser 
Samson Obwocha set a world 
best of 5min 19.68sec for the 
rarely ran 2,000 metres steeple- 
chase; beating bis countryman, 
foe Olympic and Common- 
wealth champion. Julius Korir. 
Bui Obwocha himself had not 
actually been selected for Edin- 
burgh anyway. 

Steve Cram produced foe 
same type of brisk 200 metres 
finale to the 800 metres as he 
had done in Nice four days 
earlier, winning in Imin 

RESULTS (GS uiless state* Men: 100m: 
1. L Chnsce. lD-SSsecZH tow. 10.75; 
equal 3. G McCafcxn amt M Wakiron. 
10-81- 300ac 1. A Mahom (Can). 3235. 
equal Z D Cbi* (Aus) and I EgbuMe 
(Ntgena). 32.40. 400n JU 1. B Gammon 
(Jam). 4&27: Z C Dante IfUSl 4530; 3. M 
P3ul (Trinuutfl. 4SS1 . 400m & 1. R Patera 
(Nwa). 47.17; 2. 0 Whaley (Berm). 
4732; 3. A SkeiriH (Can) 4737. fata A: 1. 

S Cram, inun 45 OSsec; Z J Gtetfwn. 
1:46.09; 3. S Koskei (Ken). 1*6.14- 800m 
B: l.J Armor (US). 1:4833: Z P Larkins 
1:49.26; 3, B Thompson (Can) 1-.4&31. 
VMOdb 1, J Walker (NZ). 5:1.33: 2. 0 
Moorcroft. 52.S6: 3. T Hutc 
TwomBes: 1. JSpnn 
Barrios (MexL 824. 

(US), 110m hwtBn A: 1. N 
Walker. 13^2: Z D Wright (Aus), 13.88; 3. 

D Nelson. 1334- 110 m hURMe Be 1. S 
Buckendga 14.39:2, J Luton (Mauritius). 
1469. 3TP Fossey (Aus). 14.75. 400m 
hunfltt: 1. E Moses (US). 4821: 2. A Dia 
Ba (Senegal). 4929: 3. D Patrick (IIS). 
50.18. 2j0Q0m ataeplechaae: 1. S 
Obwocha (Kenya), 5:19.68; Z J Korir 
(Kenya). S20»r 3. P Benner (NZ). 
524.06. Pole vault: 1. B Puretey (US). 
5.60m; Z ATarw (Bui). 5.60; 3. S Davis 
(US IJ. S40 ftfeti imp: T. J Jacoby (US). 
229m; 2. C Saunders (Berm). 225: 3. G 
Parsons. 225m. Long )unp: 1, G Honey 
(Aus). 8 . 06 m; Z K McDuKie (Can). 721; 3. 

D Argouzos (Cyprus). 7.46. Shot 1. R 
Back&s (ir~ 

18.76:3, S 

1. KFtax 

3. P Spw .... 

Women: 106m A: 1 . E AsMord (US). 1 1 .00: 

2. A Brown (US). 11.14:3, A Taylor (toU, 
11 .29. 100m B: 1. A P*teJps(Cani 1178:1 
C "nrlbedeau (Can). 11.89: 3, T Gateau 
jCwi). ll-BLJOtej. H Oakes. Z 321 j 2 ; 

G Jackson (Jam), 38.39; 3, K Cook 
(Wolver h ampton) 37JJA.30Cra Bt 1. J 
Parry, 3739: Z L Keough. 38A5: 3. O 
Kitchen. 39.02. UJOttrelTs Bailey. 2mm 
35-32sec; Z. K Wade, 235A& 3, L Boloer, 
2SSJS1. Uuw 1. R Page! (US). 5620m; 

2. K Farr. 53.10; 3. K nigh (Bircliltekn. 
5250. Jevete 1. F WtatbmaO. 69.42: Z S 
Howland (Aus), 68.10: 3. T Sofcerg (Nor). 

,14; 2. A 
3. S PteBcenda 

r. 2. B Oldfield (US). 
Aus), 1721. Hammer 
MX 2, D Smith, 72J04; 

End of the road likely for Waitz 

From Tony Samstag, Oslo 
Grete Waitz, the champion in her home 
Norwegian distance runner, is 
suffering from a thigh injury 
that is likely to end her running 
career, the national newspaper 
Dagbfadei has reported here. 

Mrs Waitz is described as 
“anxious and depressed” over 
the injury. “I am considering 
just giving up and forgetting 

in her borne high above the 
spectacular Oslofjord, Mrs 
Waitz says she has been forced 
to substitute gardening and 
gentle walks in foe surrounding 
forest for a punishing training 
regime that used to begin at 5.30 
every morning and took her 
over 100 miles each week. 

a champion. “It seems silly to sit 
here and complain just because 1 
have a pain in my thigh when so 
many others in the world are ill 
or starving to death,” she says. 
She is the first to admit that it 
can be said of her career, as of 
few others, that she has had a 
very good run. 

everything to do with running,” 
she says. She has been forced to 
drop out of foe European 
Championships in Stuttgart, 
and sees little chance of ever 
participating again in Olympic 
or other international events. 

The champion has suffered 
intermittent pain in her foigb 
during much of her 16-year 
career. It recurred two months 
jo after a street run in the small 
orwegiao town of Gjoevik. 
persisting through two races in 
foe United Slates, which she 
lost, and is worsening. 

Now. from virtual seclusion 

She has pinned her last hopes 
on a course of “magneto- 
therapy” that is said to have 
been developed as a technique 
for increasing the stamina of 
American test pilots. Equip- 
ment has been installed in her 
home, and viewers of foe eve- 
ning news programmes on na- 
tional television at the weekend 
saw a rather sad demonstration 
of complex metal devices grip- 
ing two of the most celebrated 
in foe history of athletics. 

Despite her obvious unhappi- 
ness. Mrs Waitz is trying to keep 
matters in perspective, as befits 

Drugs suspension plea fails 

Rob Gray, a Canadian discus 
thrower, suspended by his coun- 

S after a routine drug test, has 
ed in a test-minute bid to 
compete in foe Commonwealth 
Games at Edinburgh. 

Cjray, r a 29-year-old law stu- 
dent from Ontario, took his case 

to a Canadian court but was told 
that his appeal must first be 
considered by the country's 
Track and Field Association. 

A silver medal winner at foe 
1982 Commonwealth Games, 
and winner of foe bronze four 
years earlier. Gray was a strong 
favourite to take gold this t ime . 

Waite Others are noise off; 
she says 

Bruno must bank 
profits and not 
speculate further 

We cannot lemur *bat Terry 
Lawless, Bruno's manager, was 
thinking when he kissed Ms 
brave, wflKns and naive fighter 
on the cheek before the first belt 
Was it a father's farewell to a 
son departing on a dangerous 
mission from which he might not 
retorn in one piece, or a business 
partner's wish of good lock at 
the moment of realization of a 
financial coop which aright just 
lead, improbably, to another 
e»e*» greater? 

Brmo proved to be a cwn- 
geoasson bot a businessman of 
limited credibility and a res 
stricted future. The partnership 
is best advised to bank the so fair 
handsome profits and not specu- 
late farther with men who know 
as modi as Witherspoon. 

If we can speculate about 
Lawless’s emotion beforehand, 
his opinion when Witherspoon 
began to poneb the coasdons- 
ness out of Bnmo in the eleventh 
was nneqnivocaL The white 
towel acknowledged the end 
now, and I suspect for ever, of 
Brano's exaggerated claims on 
the title. 

Back on his stool after foe 
fifth ronsd, Witherspoon rerned 
away from his seconds and 
winked at somebody in a ring- 
side scat It wasn't bravado. It 
was the knowing wink of a 
fighter with his mmd dear and 
hs confidence mi impaired, even 
if his left eye and cheek were 

No matter that Bnnw had won 
at least two of the first five 
rounds, the champion was pac- 
ing himself, awaiting the mo- 
ment when he would oblige the 
friend from his camp unmedi- 
ately behind me who yelled 
incessantly “stick hint, Tim”. 

The mathletic excessive weight 
around Witherspoon’s torso 
may have vibrated uncomfort- 
ably when Bruno landed some 
telling blows, but the look in the 
champion's eye was the steady, 
patient look of a man with 
experience of this crael game, 
unknown to the challenger. 

From around five onwards, 
beyond foe point I had supposed 
be could survive, Bruno was in 
uncharted waters. He rode 
pianches he has not previously 
revealed a capability to with- 
stand; the enormous strength in 
that sculpted body enabled him 
to stage recoveries in foe sixth, 
seventh and ninth, so that 
Mickey Duff, the promoter, was 
jumping op and down in foe 
third row with a brood smfie, 
like a schoolboy during birthday 
party games, shooting “he's 
winning”. Maybe Dnff and Don 
King nn winning, hot some of 
ns were desperately anxious for 
Big Frank because font strength 
was ebbing. 

Witherspoon was dosing Ms 
eyes and gasping huge lougfitls 
of air after the eighth. Yet his 
superiority at dose range, his 
attack to Brnno's body, and die 
damage to foe right side of 
Brano's face with hzs vicious left 
hooks were spelling only one 
conefnsioa. Witherspoon was 
mentally detached enough from 
the clinching and shoving to 
complain about Bran's des- 
perate holding in the tenth. One 
round fatter Brano's eyes were 
searching for a noo-esdstent 
escape from that swinging right 



Steve Cram is in intellectual 
confusion with his folk of a 
boycott of the Commonwealth 
Games by England: in danger of 
being tripped by bis own spikes. 
An England boycott, no more 
likely than by Britain in 1980 
tinder the leadership of Sir 
Denis Follows, might win some 
African approval but would not 
have the slightest Influence I 
believe, on Mrs Thatcher. The 
Prime Minister's attitude to 
sport is little different from that 
of the leaders of Blade Africa: a 
politically expedient tool. Never 
mind that it never works. 

Cram should realise that Mrs 
Thatcher is being consistent not, 
as be suggests, inconsistent. Her 
proposed boycott in 1980 cared 
not for the Olympic Games or 

foe competitors; nor was any 
understanding of foe Games 
implied by her suggestion, 
through Lord Carrington, for an 
Alternative Olympics in Lau- 
sanne at three mouths notice. 
Nor is she now interested in foe 
Commonwealth Games (some 
political observers even doubt 
that she values the Common- 
wealth); she is interestedln what 
she believes is foe political and 
economic interest of Britain. 
Cram is out of his depth. 

The only acceptable stance for 
sportsmen and sportswomen is 
that they remain outside all 
arguments of race, politics and 
refigion, as required by foe 
Olympic charter. It is beside the 
point that boycotts have been 
Shown coodnsirely not to 
achieve the effect they desire, as 
Africa will in due course again 

Football wisdom 
of Rous 

When asked what it was like 
to be 99, Sir Stanley Rous used 
to say that when you considered 
foe alternative, it was splendid. 
I'm sore, however, that he would 
not object to ft being said that 
dying was the last possible 
protest a man of his integrity 
and age could make against 
what had become of the game to 
which he gave such a distin- 
guished life and a fond of 
wisdom now not to he round. 

With Rous’s defeat as presi- 
dent of FIFA by Havelange in 
1974 came the end of govern- 
ment by committee and the 
creation of executive presidency 1 . 
Both as secretary of the FA and 
then with FIFA. Rons admin- 
istered by the force of his 
personality as mach as the rule 
of law, to foe extent that his 
domination of FA cooncfllors 
persuaded them unwisely first to 
reject Walter Winter bottom, his 
choice a$ successor as secretary, 
and then to resist his own return 
as chairman four yean later. 

Rons may have lived a full and 
privileged life as FIFA presi- 
dent, but he did not stow away 
riches and lived modestly in 
retirement in Holland Park with 
his companion Rose Marie 
Breiienstein. He encouraged 
rather than suppressed foe 
advancement of sound men 
around him while president. He 
may have beeu-too powerful for 
foe likes of some, but his life was 
based on an unwavering concept 
of fairness. 

As a schoolboy goalkeeper in 
Suffolk he would tell the referee 
on a foggy day whether foe ball 
had crossed his line; as an 
international referee himself he 
would order foe retaking of a 
last-minute penalty against the 
home team if foe goalkeeper had 
uwred; and be lost foe presi- 
dency by refusing to bow to 
Soviet political pressure over 
Chile and the election of China if 
Taiwan's exclusion was a nec- 
essary condition. 

His integrity was a byword, 
bis loyally e n d u r i ng, his com- 
mon sense invaluable. He 
shaped so much of an inter- 
national game that is now being 
destroyed. Yet his 13 virile years 
as president were conducted 
after the normal retirement age 
of 65. The game will not see bis 
like again, and is suffering for it. 



JAKARTA: tedonaaten Open: SeiaMiaBls: 

M«nr» aMea: Su Vu (Aus) « M Stew 1MBQ 

MS. 15*15.10: t Supano (Indonesia) bt E 

Kumiawan (Indonesia) 15-4. 15-12. Women* 

BteoteK H Yroke (Erg) fit Sun Xk>p<na(Cr*na) 

9-11 . 12-10. 1 l-O. StaWan pm) DtE Coene 
mate) 11-6. 11-9. Ken's deuMsm R &fek/J 

(Mel) M H Yusuf /B SUx&o (hdonesa) 
12-15. 156. 15-3: Lmm Swe lOng/Kanono 
(Indonesia) Dt Hadfewo/E Harmro ilndone- 
euI 1 5-1 0. iM. Women 1 ■ doubles: verawiy 

Faftrfl Lie ftmtoneetej w Shi Wan/Sui 

noting (China) 15-0, 15-6; I Kumenan/R 

TocHjeen (Indonesia) t* G Qowen^B Oarfc 

Gowers I 




MOSCOW: BOXING (USSR untesa sawaj! 

Light flyweight: N Munenan ot K 

Abdrakhmanov, ptt Flyweight A Johnson 
(US) 01 R Bdh*. (MS. BamwimaM a 
A rtemyev w K Kwavan, rsc 3rd FwbBmt- 
■MMht M Kazaryan « S Khacnatryan. pis. 
Lightweight O Mazwov K R Elks lUS). ?n. 
UgMweftefweightlRuriiiWQvHH Pedrosa 

(Vent. pts. WWaswc&it A Ostrovsky £rt A 

TmsenkQ. C*s. im "w Mewteght. I 
Akmkhonyan Dt V Egoicw. pis. taddtewelght 
R Taramov M P vrtme (US), pts. Light 

heavyweight N Shanavazov bf A Karavaycv, 

Pt5 Iienyi — i g b t R Si»y«v w V Eteiai. pts. 

* . „ -' vakovtev w a 

(Eng) H J Hetooill 

(Den) 15-11. iS-10: S Ftet*jerg/G dark 
« Jn CherVSun XteuwV (Chna) 


NORTH AMERICA: AwerteenLe«g« Cntca- 

go White Sox & New Vorti Yankees 3: 
OattBvl Athtedcs 3. Mfcaofe M Breuers Z 

CaMoma Aroete 9. Toronto Hue Jay* 3. 

Baiomora OriSas 1. Minnesota Twins 0: 
CteveWid A KMt GW 

Boston Red Sox 9. Seattle Manners 4 (12m 

pntees & SUuus Calculate 

i 1; Pfflsourgh Pirate 

3: Cteeago Cuts 11. 

L Atlanta Bravos. 7. Me 



Giants & Atlanta 

PfrateS. . . 

11. San Franertai 

Montreal Expos 2 


SPrrTAL Ausma; Junter wertdtailotedtete- 

U&MM Lauhte ffrt ’S&S&ZA 
Schemer (WGl. 21541: 3. H Come (GS 
215.41. Men 1 * C-1: 1 . J Prams (US) ] 97.71 : . 

B 3pn* (WigpJtevte} 210.33:3. K toolrrsmn 

• BS " B ?E£?i 

West Germany. Ladles taanc 1. Francs; & 
West Germany. 3, CzadwstoWlda. Men's c-i 

l. Yugoslavia; Z Wes Germany. 1 



NSEA: Pot Teton offy (Uartoon 
nte dteteptomNe, loerti nmh i. A 
a (Manse) and M Ncflatean (wednon 
ad). Opel Manta 400. Uv40mmf&ec 

2. p Suits (Yorfc) and L Nai*r (Vwiy. Ford 
Escort; 3. 0 Llewetyn (Heverferd Wssit and P 
Shod .(Leeds), Man. Chan' 

doer l. a wood. 94pte:ZW) 

3. P Siigixs. S3. 


L00E: Enterprise world cMapfetaMK : 1, A 
GUard and G Macron. 275pts; 2. 1 
Southward; and 0 Haws. 28; 3. N Marsden 
and K Cte«*ii 3ft 4, A WOods and P Heath. 
41 75; 5. A Johnson end A Service. 4G: 6. 1 
Barter and J Bromtey. 475. 


GYMNASTICS: Women: Boc y ex erewa: 1. Y 
S»ienunova lUSSR). i9.875d» 2. O 
0mefevancn*(US5RL 19&3. MSnton(Rwn). 
i5 625 tadtewit eesynwtric bn 1. Y 
Shusnunova (USSR): 2. V KotesnAova 

(USSR). 3. enwe MKhwiN Korea). Beam: l. 

V Kotesneova (USSR). Z Y Shushuiova 

(USSR). 3. D Duoeva (But) Horae vault 1. Y 
Srosnunova (Sowet Orson). Z V Snevcnenko 
(USSR). 3. J VWaorn (VJSl 
ROWING: Women: four wtti coxswaut 1. 

Soviet Union. Smvr S247soc 2. US. fi W 9fl. 

Four without eaxesmin: 1. Soviet UnKm. 

625 60- 2. US. 632.49 P s li wBh u ut coswin: 

7. 5owet U»0r>. 7nsn 25,76 k*:. 2. US. 
73626. UaMweigM sin^e acidte: 1. A 
Heron (USj. 7mm 53 OSser. 2. T Muonova 
(USSR). 739 15 Stogie scuBk 1. A 
0umcMiia(USSR|.7 33J3:2.AMatdaniUS). 
755 95. BOMs: 1. Sovct Umoa 6 1661: Z 

US. 63367. Merc Pour with coxweui: 1 . 

Sown Union. 6-0463; Z US. 6.0>45. Pah 

without eaxwain: l. Sonet l>uoa 63S07; Z 

US. 637.31 L teh nire ia h t wngfe scuUk 1, V 

Mmushw (UKR). M930; ZB Bora (USl. 
738.33 State KdC 1. V Vakushe | USSR). 
7«5.63:2.GSpnncer(US).7-i56a. Eights: 1. 
US. 5 3696; 2. Uffifi. S 41 22. 

VOLLEYBALL: finah Soviet Union Ert UnUd 

Soks 3-2 nerd ptace: Jamn m Fiance 3-1. 

WEK3HTIIFT1N8: HaewywdgM (ITtfogJ: 1, V 

ZaWwrewsh (USSR). 2. A Bteueah (Cat 3. N 

OCwrftorger (R|. Ovar-IIWv 1. L Taraneeho 

(USSR). AtTSkg: Z A Omashev (USSR). 
435. 3. R Sk0teiwwt*i (Pd). 397.6 


NEWPORT, Rhode Wand: Newport women's 
tournament SenMkuti (an U5P P Slvnrer bi 

A wn*e 6-1. 6-3; LMcNeetaC MacGregor 6- 

QUEENS CLUB: Bcilteh acboola champted- 
ahlpa: Clarit Cup (hoy* Under-life Rapton bt 
Chancellor s 24 Mlbourn Cu> (Mw Under- 
15X Htadown bt St PaursZo. Curts Cup 
r M Under-13): AjjKbuty W Brentwood 2- 
D. Udand Bnk Cup: Mann Cotnvm bt 
Dinottat 2-0 People to People Bowl (gMs 
Under-15): Haberdasher's bi Wttiingion Z-ft 
VamoraUmme Cop taWs Under-13): Dame 
Ak» Hvpw bt South Hampstead a-1. 



1. N ftenflaU 

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I n Swmoon 47 ipswai 31 «» 87-68). 
LEAGUE CUR Coventry 43. Cra 

NATIONAL LE AGUCi Be tvaek 45. Sttfcfi 33. 
aftnSU^W^S^Tnn 3Z. Bedford 

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tarr 1. RfTOaWWata. ».l: Z L Ronar/P 
rnvnas. 58. 9: 3. Cobttna/D Suixan. 5&5 l 
W aam: Mviduat U Homes (DunsableL 
81l: 2. S Shotton (PorwocMh). BSD; 3. D 
Ctoytort (Snasroad). 59.6. TmtoTpWs- 

EnST SfenSSS?; 

MDUoy/AOte. SiE 




Gray takes five 
wickets as 
Notts are made 
to struggle 

■ ..s : <• 

tk ..., 

*~ m 

By Pefer Ball 

TRENT BRIDGE: the New also posed problems at a lively 

■„ r„. v . 


Zealanders, with all their sec- 
ond-innings nickels in hand. 

pace, making the initial break- 
through by removing Broad 

lead Nottinghamshire by 144 when the opener was appar- 
nms ently set to issue another 


In their last match before 
the first Test match, the New 
Zealand bonders had a pur- 
poseful day at Nottingham. 
With Chatfield injured and 
Hadlee resting, the seam 
bowlers, Stirling. Watson and 
Barrett, enjoyed a rewarding 
work-out in helpful conditions 
to keep Nottinghamshire on 
the defensive throughout their 
dour innings. 

The damage, however, was 
done chiefly by Gray. Unless 

reproach to the selectors. 
Watson's swing had discom- 
forted him in the left hander’s 
traditionally vulnerable area 
when Barrett ended his stay. 

Broad was first beaten by a 
delivery which nipped back, 
and then removed neat ball as 
be followed an outswinger to 
give Blain, deputizing for 
Smith behind the stumps, the 
first of two victims. 

Johnson, who might have 
gpt the innings moving had he 

New Zealand decide to play . stayed, followed almost im- 
two spinners at Lord's, which mediately and instead Newell, 


would be unlikely, he will 
probably be the one left out, 
but yesterday he bowled his 
slow left arm with consistent 
accuracy and some guile to 
take five for 51, his 20-over 
spell from the pavilion end 
providing much relief from 
the otherwise unremitting diet 
of seam. 

Until Gray's introduction 
the cricket baa been painstak- 
ing, with little to reward 
spectators for the increased 
admission price. Nottingham- 
shire struggled to break free 
from the grip of the seam 
bowlers, who showed consid- 
erable stamina as they shared 
the morning's work and then, 
after lunch, rotated in shifts 
from the Radcliffe Road end. 

With the ball seaming and 
swinging throughout, the most 
impressive was the 20-year- 
old Watson, a solidly built 
workhorse who plugged away 
for 21 overs in the first two 
sessions at a cost of 29 runs for 
two wickets. He bowled a full 
length and consistently found 
enough (ate movement to 
disconcert all the batsmen. 

The even younger Barrett 

surviving a straightforward 
chance to slip in Barrett's next 
over, and Birch dug in 

This pair had added 68 in 29 
overs when Gray ended 
Newell’s stay of 195 minutes. 
Birch, in his first game since 
breaking his collar bone a 
month ago. had been the more 
fluent but he followed quickly 
as Stirling returned to trap 
him Ibw. After that Gray did 
the rest 

a m-wm 

NEW ZBMJINDBlSfcFM Innings 326 tor 
8 dec {M D Crewe 80. J J Crowe 75) 
Second Inrungs 

K R Rutherford not out 29 

8 A Edgar not out 13 

Extras ( w 2. to 1 ) 

Total AS 


Birch branches out: the Nottinghamshire batsman slicing the ball for four yesterday 

Hampshire move Emburey’s 
up to the top 'bJealF 

B C Broad c sub b Barrett 

R T Rottnson to Storing 

K Saxstoy not out 

P Johnson cM Crewe b Watson 
M NeweHc Rutherford b Gray ... 

J D Birch tow to Storing 

K Evans CJ Crowe b Watson — 
B N French cJ Crowe b Gray — 

R A Pick c sub b Gray .. 

E E Hammings cM D Crowe b Gray . 20 

K E Cooper c Crowe b Gray 0 

Extras (b 4. lb a. 2) -to 

Total 22? 

FALLOF WICKETS: 1-33. 2-100. 3-105. 4- 
173.5-174, 8-181 . 7-187. 8-223. 9-2Z7. 1 0- 

BOWLING: Starling 17-2-66* Barrett 24- 
4-63-1: Watson 23-&3S-2: Gray 19.4-5- 

Somerset performance 
lacking in spirit 

By Marcos Williams 

PORTSMOUTH: Hampshire 
( 4pis ) beat Warwickshire by sir 

Hampshire moved into joint 
first place in the John Player 
Special League yesterday, recov- 
ering in fine fashion after losing 
their first three wickets for 15 
runs. Robin Smith led the way 
with an unbeaten half-century 
and a flurry of extravagant shots 
from Marshall (39 off28 balls) 
saw them home with 4.1 overs 
to spare. 

Hampshire put Warwickshire 
in on a well grassed pitch, which 
offered quite sharp movement 
off the seam throughout, and 
bowled them out for 152 in the 
36th over. Tremlett was their 
most effective bowler and Mar- 
shall. as usual, the most for- 

and Nicholas and Terry to 
SmalTs lateral movement m the 
flrat seven overs; but Robin 
Smith and Janies brought things 
round. They had put on 79 in 
the next 21 overs when James, 
after an uncertain start m his 
elevated position in the order, 
was caught by the diving 
Hum page. 

When the final 10 overs 
began, Hampshire required ex- 
actly 50 and, with Smith reach- 
ing an excellent 50 off 76 balls 
and the 34th over, bowled by 
McMillan, yielding 13 runs and 
a lecture from his captain, 
Hampshire’s recovery was al- 
most complete. 

By Peter Marson 


OL Amiss tow b Marshal— — 30 

B M McMttan c Parks b Connor 6 

G W Hunpage c sub b Jamas 7 

P A Smith c Cowtfiy b Tremkrtt 4 

midable, but having taken seven 9 * c parks b Tremlett 24 

Widows for 112, Hampshire ta 

would have wanted to be chas- g j Parsons notout 9 

ing a smaller total — particularly 6 C Sma« c Pan® b James 23 

as two of their batsmen. Turner 5 fuSSiS I* a 

and Cowley, were injured in the Extras (i>6 w2) .1 8 

field. Totaij353 own) 152 

In the fifth over Turner fall ofwickets: 1*26, 2-39. 352, 4- 
misjudged a skier from Amiss. m. 

_,l_ mmr t i. - n ■_ _ 4 l_ BOWUNG- James 7 -0-41 *2, Connor WJ- 

who was then SIX. On the mid- 23-2: Tranter 730-1 53: Marshall M- 
wicket- boundary -and split the 29-2: Cowtey 20-1 2-0; Nicholas 5-0-25-1. 
webbing of his left hand in n 

putting down- the catch. Not £ [SSTnii! ^ ~TZ 4 
only did Turner require eight M cj Nicholes c Hunpage b Smai — 1 

stitches in the wound, making R a Smith not out — — - 0 

the wearing of a batting glove a Mwrton — ^ 

major problem, but Amiss went Extras (to 4. w 5. nhi) 10 

« 1° ^- e V? Total (4 teas. 3531 154 

before felling in Marshall s first fall of wickets: i-9. 2-10. 3-15. 4^4. 

over. BOWUNG: S mat 5-1-16-2: McMfltan 53- 

Hamnchin* wretch- 0-38-0; Parsons 8-0-22-0: Smith 2-0-1 0-0; 

Hampsture started wreten- ^44-1; Thome 7-0-29-0; Motes 

edly, losing Chns Smith to Paul 1-0-11-0. 

Smith's direct hit from cover Umpires: C Cook and D G L Evans. 

By Alan Gibson 

BRISTOL: Gloucestershire Aftei 
(4pts) beat Somerset by eight Bainbru 
wickets. ming al 

Somerset were put in, and There 1 
scored 212 in their 40 overs. Gamer 

probably rather less than they 
had hoped on a sound pitch. 
They made a slow start, 30 in 10 
overs, but picking up to 85 in 20, 
with the wickets of Felton and 
Harden being lost. 

Richards was now in. He soon 
lost Wyatt. He batted con- 
fidently enough but not quite 
with his usual command. When 
he was out in the 36th over, 
caught in the deep just after 
reaching his 50, the score was 
175, hardly enough, it seemed, 
to most Somerset supporters. 

It was a sunny afternoon, with 
a large crowd enjoying them- 
selves. I have been watching 
cricket in Bristol for most of the 
week, and it is interesting that 
though the Sunday crowd is 
larger, practically all the fexniliar 
faces of the proceeding days 
were abscnL 

There is no doubt about the 
appeal of Sunday cricket, but it 
has a different audience from 
the other games. I spent most of 
the afternoon happily talking to 

After 30 overs, with 
Bainbridge and Curran hum- 
ming along nicely, it was 153. 
There was still a lot to do. 
Gamer came back. After 35 it 
was. 187, with Bainbridge in his 
90s. Bainbridge hit Marks for ‘6 
to the ■ square-leg boundary. 
Gloucestershire had only to 
keep their beads and they were 

They could even allow 
Bainbridge to take enough of the 
bowling to make sure of his 
hundred. There were still two 
overs to spare when the match 
was won. I found this a rather 
spiritless >performance by 
Somerset. They can be so good 
at this kind of stuff. But there is 
no opponent Gloucestershire 
more like conquering. 

Total (353 were) 

running group. There had been a 
couple of weighty contributions 
from Hardje. who made 41, and 
Lillcy (52), as Essex raced along 
to 273 for six. Curtis made 82, 
and Hick 47 as Worcester s hire 
went after the runs. 

At Neath, Glamorgan re- 
ceived some compensation for a 
long day in the field chasing 
leather at St Helens on Saturday, 
when they recorded their fifth 
victory, and a stimulating suc- 
cess it must have been, by 50 
runs against Northamptonshire. 
Glamorgan's innings had 
hinged on the batting of Morris, 
who made 51, and Holmes, who 
was 65 not out when Glamorgan 
came in at 188 for six. North- 
amptonshire made a poor start, 
and after Cape! and Harper had 
been run out, only Lamb, who 
made 66 looked as if he might 
see his side home. 

At Grace Road, Leicester, 
Sussex recorded their fifth, win 
against Leicester .Set to make 
205 to win. Boon (49), and 
Bowler (55) made a creditable 
attempt to score the runs after 
four wickets had fallen for 34. 


N A FattDf! bTvrfzefl 19 

J G Wyatt c Burran b Bainbridge 38 

RjHanlancAfleynBbBainbrttIge ~ 26 

I V A Richards c Curran b Walsh 52 

J J E Hardy st Russel b Bambridge — 8 

V J Marks run out 30 

J Gamer run out 23 

C H Dredge not out 7 

M R Davis not out 0 

Extras (b 1.b7.w2) 10 

Total (7 wkts. 40 overs) 213 

FALL OF WICKET: 1-39.2-85. 388. 4-129. 

T Garb. N S Taylor dkf not bat 

Reg Sinfidd. who looks nearly 
as fit as when he got Bradman 

as fit as when he got Bradman 
out twice to the same ball at 
Trent Bridge in 1938. 

Marks and Garner and the tail 
took the score up to 212. 
Gloucestershire also made a 
quiet start, and were 31 after 10 
overs, with Russell out A they 
was leg before for 26. In 20 overs 
they were a link behind where 
Somerset had been at the same 
stage, on 74. 

Underwood sees Kent 
fall in benefit match 

CANTERBURY: Lancashire (4 
pis) bt Kent by 37 runs. 

A splendid first-wicket 
partnership of 177 in 29 overs 
between Mendis and Fowler, 
who made a century, set Lan- 
cashire on their way to victory at 
Canterbury yesterday. Neither 
opener had need to resort to the 
unorthodox on an excellent one- 

Bainbridge 8-1-3 80; Gre veney 
R C Russel c Hardte b Gamer . 
C w J Athey tow & Osdge — 

P Bainbridge not out 

K M Curran not out 

Extras (b I0,w2) . — 

BOWLING: Gamer 8-0-30-1: Davis 5-0- 
21-0; Taylor 630-49-0: Dredge 6337-1; 
Richards 7-045-0; Marks 0024-0 
Umpires: M J Kitchen and R A White. 

Norfolk’s one-day title 

Norfolk, whose last success in 
the Minor Counties was a 
championship victory in 1913, 
beat Hertfordshire by 30 runs to 
lift the one-day knock-out tro- 
phy at St Albans yesterday 
(Michael Berry writes). 

After scoring 223 for 8 off 55 
overs, they bowled out 
Hertfordshire for 193 to avenge 
a three-wicket defeat in the final 
at Fenner’s two years ago. 

Norfolk’s total was largely the 
result of an ebullient display 
Handley and Plumb, a quality 
half-century from Huggins and a 

late flourish in which Thomas 
scored 46 off 59 balls. Then the 
bowling of Plumb and Bunting 
was vital in turning the match in 
their favour. 

Norfolk, asked to bat on a 
wicket that had a deceptive 
green tint, got off to a flying 
stan. Plumb and Handley scor- 
ing 60 in 1 2 overs. Huggins then 
timed the ball wen for his 53 
before Thomas helped to plun- 
der 43 off the last five overs. 

Hertfordshire began their re- 
ply uncomfortably before Neal 
(49) and Ottley (41) gave them 

when Kent batted, as they tried 
in vain to keep apace with the 
asking rate. 

Lancashire were put in by 
Underwood, who tossed the 
coin for this, his benefit match. 
Some 7,000 attended and a 
collection on his behalf raised 
£955. But rewards on the pitch 
were less plentiful for him 
because it was full of runs. 

Fowler made his best score in 
this competition, 112, his cen- 
tury reached off 97 balls with 9 
fours. His driving off the front 
foot was outstanding. Mendis 
hit 66 off 78 balls as the highest 
Sunday opening partnership 
against Kent was passed. 

The momentum slowed when 
the openers were out although 
Lloyd, accorded a fine reception 
on probably his last appearance . 
at Canterbury struck two drives 
off Baptiste that were as good as 

and Bunting had Hertfordshire t0 vu;, h 

fliundering after they had ^1**2 

reached 165 for three in the Si-SSL” .ES’/SS? JS? 

42nd over. 

SCORES: Norik* 223 fbr 8(55 owrs: R D 
Huggins 53. D R Thomas 46. S 6 Plumb 
30. FL O Hanriey 30. T S Smith 3 for 38. A 
R Garda* 3 for 50). Hertfordshire 193 
(50.4 overa; E P Neal 48. D G Ottley 41 , R 
A Bunting 3 for 19, SQ Plumb 3 tar 42). 

Benson rave them a good start, 
making 50 off the first 10 overs 
as Fowler and Med is had done. 
At 75. though. Hinks was bril- 
liantly caught on the square-leg 
boundary, Fowler making 

ground and holding the catch in 
the manner of Ealhara, a decade 
ago. on this ground. 

Tavart and Taylor, who hit 
32 off 28 balls with some style, 
were held in the deep off skiers. 
Christopher Cowdrey enjoyed a 
few swings, but his dismissal 
was swiftly followed by that of 
Benson, who held the innings 
together with 63 off 32 overs. 
Two balls later Batiste was 
bowled and thereafter, not even 
the beneficiary, clapped all the 
way to the crease, could alter the 


G D Memfis C Marsh b Ntey 66 

G Fowler b Baptiste 112 

C H Lloyd rw out 35 

N H Fetotrmher c Marsh to Baptisa — 2 

PJWAfcXt runout 11 

M Waridraon not out 3 

C Maynard not out 4 

Extras flblO, w7. ntol) 18 

Total (S wkt s, 40 overe) 25 1 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-177. 2-204. 3-212. 
4-230. 5-245. 

j Abrahams, S J 0*Shaugtmessy. I Folley 
did not bat 

BOWUNG: Dtey M461: E*son 84W4- 
0: Baptiste 8-0-65-2; CS Cowdrey 50-35- 
0: Underwood 60-47-0: Hinks 3-0-24-0. 

MR Benson bO-Shau^nessy 63 

AG Hinks c Fowler bAwtt 45 

C J Tavern c F a lrtxomqr b FqSey — 10 
NRTaytarcMaJdnsonbFoftsy 32 

C S Cowdrey b Abrahams 18 

G R Cowdrey c AflOtt b Malwnson 4 

E A Baptiste b O’Shaughnassy 2 

R MWson st Maynemb Abrahams _ 5 
S A Marsh e Fahbr o tfw b Maknson ... 8 

G R Oiiey c Uoyd bABotl 1 

DL Underwood not out 2 

Extras (to 8, w 8. nb 3) 24 

Total (38£ overa) 214 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-75. 2-99. 3-140/4- 
188. 5-189, 6-191, 7-201. 8-203, 9-207. 10- 

BOWUNG: Watklnson 5-0-27-0: 
Maklnson 63-044-2: AJW1 7-1-19-2 
FoSev B-O-57-2 o’Shaughnsssy 8-0432 
Abrarams 2-0-1 1-2 



By George Ace 

Moxon and 
add to the 


• J • 

tradition and 


By Richard Streeton 

HEADINGLEY: Surrey, with 
seven second-innings wickets in 
hand, are 23 runs behind 

There were droll undertones 
to the script here yesterday, with 
Martyn Moxon. newly chosen 
for England, dismissed in the 
third over, while the others in 
the Yorkshire order's first four 
all made runs. Nobody, in- 
wardly, will have smiled at tbe j 
joke more than Boycott as he 
laboriously compiled his second 
championship hundred of die 
summer. Surrey were left nine 
overs at tire end and lost three 

On tire newly-laid pitch, 
which was first used in last 
week’s one-day international, 
Surrey straggled on Saturday, 
though some fece-saving runs 
came late in tbe day, when the 
conditions seemed to become 
easier. Yorkshire could have 
had no complaints about the 
turfs behaviour and might, 
perhaps, with profit, have 
scored more quickly. 

win sprun reia; 

From Pst Batcher, Athletics Conespondent, Athens 

Britain's sprint relay team 
proved, in their great tradition, 
that good baton-changing, can 
often beat superior individual 
talents when they -won the 
team’s third goW medal of the 
inaugural .world junior 
championships. . 

In a race characterised by 
faulty baton-changing by most 
of tbe teams, the strong 
favourite, the United States 
quartet, completely messed up 

the bell in 2min 5 1.51 sec. hut 
Sharpe moved up swiftly hi the 
back straight and took the lead 
with 200 metres to go. He said 
afterwaids that he thought, be 
had the race won at that point, 
“but then I realised there- was 
nothing left in my legs- 
One of his problems after 
such a packed racing pro- 
gramme was that the last lap was 
being run .at a little oyer S3 

. t 

their last change-over, and tire 
solid running or Jamie Header- 

seconds by Kirochi who swept 
nasi- Shame at the top of the 

John Emburey. who is in 
England’s squad for the first 
Corahill Test against New Zea- 
land starting at Lord's on Thurs- 
day, deflected a ball bowled by 
Warner into his face and was 
obliged to retire during 
Middlesex’s innings against 
Derbyshire at Derby, yesterday. 
Emburey was taken to Derby- 
shire Royal Infirmary for x-rays 
having suffered a fracture to his 
nose. Rim Barnett made 85, and 
Brace Roberts 55, as Derbyshire 
made 164 for three in 39 overs 
to win by seven wickets. 

Emburey, who was acting 
captain, had chosen to bat first 
and although Slack helped make 
a good start, Middlesex were 
soon to fell back on the estab- 
lished firm of Radley and 
Down ton, as Miller, Warner 
and the res: chipped away to 
lake seven of eight wickets to &D 
for 161. Radley, who had been 
going well was ran out fbr 30, 
and Downion made 40 before 
he fell to a catch by Maher off 
Warner's bowling. 

A .robust .innings of 94 by 
Gramam Gooch made sure 
Essex's challenge was main- 
tained at Southend, where a 
sixth victory against Worcester- 
shire, whom they best by 43 
runs, put them back in the front 

scored more quickly. 

The story has been written 
many times before. Boycott, 
though he could not be faulted 
in technical terms, as he shared 
three-figure stands with Met- 
calfe and Sharp, still allowed a 
sit uation to develop where 
Yorkshire were in danger of 
failing to secure maximum bo- 
nus points. 

Yorkshire were 277 in tbe 
93rd over when Sharp and 
Hartley were dismissed by 
consecutive balls from Gray 
who always bow led with hostu- . 
ity. Then Bairstow. trying to. 
sweep, fell to Medlycott, tbe left- 
arm spinner, who bowled more 
steadily than h is figures might 
suggest. In tbe end Yorkshire 
reached 300 in the 98th over 
when Garrick straight drove 
Medlycott for six. 

Boycott, in between periods 
ofinactivity, hit 16 fonts and his 
driving, both straight and 
square, was done particularly 
well. He feced 303 balls without 
making an error. Between overs 
he frequently stretched his back 
muscles and did not field later. 

solid running of Jamie Hender- 
son, Philip Goedlucfc then an 
excellent 1% from David Kirton, 
allowed Jon Ridgeon to hai^oa 
to win the race by 0.01 sec from 
the quickly closing American 
and West German teams. 

Johan Boakes won the 1.500 
metres bronze medal behind 
Oanda Kirochi and Peter Rono, 
of Kenya, as David Sharpe’s 
attempt for a middle distance 
double felled on the last bend 
after five races in five days m 
barely tolerable heat. 

Boakes was always in the van 
after leading the initial chame of 
15 runners through a 60.61 sec 
first lap. The pace then slacked 
to 2mm 05.89sec at 800 metres, 
and a challenge from Sharpe, 
who had won the 800 metres on 
Friday, still looked possible 
despite his position at the bad: 
of the packed field. 

The Kenyans took charge at 

past Sharpe at the top of the 
straight and on loan eight-metre 
victory. Rono and Boakes then 
■followed,’’ duelling right to the 
line, white Sharpe faded to fifth 

Selina Orirchir, of Kenya, did 
rather better than Sharpe. She 
bad also won. the 800 metres oh 
Friday, and had come into the 
1,500 metres as favourite. But, 
;in the end she could not hold 
Anna Padurean, of Romania, 
who won in 4min 14. 63 sec. But 
Miss Chirchir finished a good 
second, in 4min 15-59sec_ 

Tom - Hanlon was another 
British runner who bad come 
into these championships as 
steeplechase favourite. And 
Hanlon still looked as - if be 
could win with two laps to go. 
But Juan Azcueta. of Spam, 
accelerated past him at the bell, 
taking two. others, with him. 
-Azcueta went on to win in 5mm 
2&36sec, and Hanlon .finished 
fourth. • 

■A ...-. . \ 

i. v " t 

.4 5***'. ' 



Leander take Kingston 

with a late charge 

By Jim Rafltoa 
After a marathon three days, 
53' national rowing champion- 

ships were decided yesterday on 
Nottingham’s Holme 
Pienepont course. Most of the 
top British crews were absent, 
with next week’s Common- 
wealth Games and other inter- 
national commitments taking 
priority. Nevertheless, the finals 
yesterday were exerting : the 
spectators were in a festive 
mood and there were a few 

While the women’s eights had 
a rare dead heat for second 
. pbw perhaps the main interest . 
of the day was the men’s coxed 
fours, an event which Britain. 
ha* not entered so far in the 
world championship^ • This 
proved quite a race and a' turn- 
up for the books. Outsiders 
Leander came with a fete charge 
in the fast 500 metres, leaving 
the fended Kingston, and a 
revamped - Lea, a length and 
more behind with Bedford Star 
looking exhausted and well back 
in fourth place. 

Lea later won the men’s 
quadruple scuDs. Bedford Star, 
in their centenary year, won the 
men's heavyweight eights to add 

Any problem he had, though, 
did hot seem to restrict his 
strokes or running. 

Moxon, who has been in- 
consistent in the championship, 
played back to Gray and was leg 
before. It was the fifth time in 
his last six dismissals that he has 
been out in this way. Metcalfe 
and Sharp played some of the 
day’s most attractive strokes. 
Metcalfe turned a catch to 
backward short leg in the last 
over before lunch. Sharp hit LI 
fours as be and Boycott added 
159 in 56 overs. j 

SURREY: First ftmtogs 269 (A J Stiiwart 

Second timings 

N A FaBmer tow b Jarvis 0 

GS Pinion not out ■ ■ . 6 

KTMedycott tow b Jarvis 1 

A J Stewart b Dennis — 0 

M ALyncbnotout . — — 6 

Extras pb 2) — — 2 

Total Owlets) 15 

TE Jssty. 1C J Richards. R J Doughty, A H 
Gray. *P f ftxocfc, G Monfctouse to oat . 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0, 2-2, 3-3. 

. YORKSHIRE: First Innings 

G Boycott not Out — 135 

M 0 Moxon lbw6 Gray 3 

A A Metcatte cLynchb Pocodt 55 

K Sharp b-Gray — ; 76 

SN Hartley tow b Gray 0 

“to L Bairstow tow b Madtycott 0 

P Camck c Monkhouse b Mendlyccrtt 12 

Extras (b 9. to 5. nb 12) _26 

Total (6wfds dec] 307 

I G Swafcrw. C Shaw, P W Jarvis. S J 
Dennis <Sd not bal 

FALL OF VWCKETS: 1-4, 2-118, S277, 4- 
277. 5-Z78, 6-302. 

BOWLMG: Gray 14-3-36-3: Doughty 15-0- 
57-0; Monkhouse 2IF&894J: MeijttJtt. 
35-6-101-2 Pococfe 16-6-40-1. 
UmpirBs: P B Wight and J A Jameson. 

enne Grimsdiich, who have just 
••• turned. .15, to. .their credit fin- 
ished- third • in the senior 
women’s event - 
Earlier Eton College took 
' three national titles in the men's 
junior 16 events in the coxed 
fours, .coxless pairs and the 

- Another winning repre- 
. .sanative .crew were double £_ 
scullers Diane Prince and Oaire 
Parker from Birmingham 
University and Pengwem, who 
won the women's double sculls 
and will . represent England in 
the Commonwealth Games. 
Raectial Hirst from local Trent 
Polytechnic won the women's 
single sculls and will represent 
Great, Britain in the World 
Under-23 championships next 
weekend. ... 

With uncertainty still prevail- 
ing to a small degree over the 
Commonwealth Games regatta, 
the. draw , has been postponed 
until’ Wednesday evening 
(6.00pm) at Strathclyde Country 
Park — the venue of the regatta. 

The draw and qualifying con- 
ditions fbr the Commonwealth 
regatta depend entirely on theC 
preerse number of crews entered 
in each event 


' ■ ' ' • 

£ 1 

lo tbeir victory In the Britannia . 

<>* UmimOnini D«nni Jamaica, who were entered for 

Cup at Henley Royal Regatta. 

the men's single and double 

The junior women underlined sculls. The postponement of the 
without -question, .the merit of -draw also allows for further 

their selection. - To : the coxed 
fours, double sculls and the 

crews to double up and the entry 
to be thickened up by entering 

coxless pairs their margin of spares in the rowingand sculling 
victory ranged from four to ten events. The New Zealand spare 

r-t ' 

J. ' 1 • 1 

lengths although the runners-up 
were individual school crews as 
opposed to national composites. 

The women's junior double 
scullers, Michelle Lee and Adri- 

man Eric Yerdonk has now been 
entered for the heavyweight 
single sculls and combines with 
lightweight reserve AUanTumer 
for the double sculls. 


Bailey on 

Britannic Assurance County 
Championship (H.O, 110 overs 


By Peter Marson 

DERBY: Derbyshire v Middlesex. 
SOUTHEND: Essex v '-Worc- 

SWANSEA: Glamorgan v North- 


BRISTOL: Gloucestershire v 

PORTSMOUTH: Hampshire v 
War wicks hire. 

CANT ERBUR Y: Kent v Lancashire. 
LEICESTER: Leicestershire v 

HEADINGLEY: Yorkshire v Surrey 
( 11 . 0 . 102 overs). 


Glamorgan’s bowlers suffered 
a fearful hammering at St 
Helens on Saturday when , 
Northamptonshire, for whom 
Robert Bailey made 224 not out, ! 
amassed 489 runs for six wickets , 
before declaring. , 


Tour match' 

TRENT BRIDGE: Nottinghamshire v 
New Zealanders (11.0, 100 overs). 
Other match ’ 1 

DUBLIN (Castie Avenue): Ireland v 

Women’s tour match 
Thames Valley v India. 


CROQUET: British open championships 
(HwfrTQftam).Cttetanha^ - 

TENNIS: Prudential county grass court 
championships: Mere Easttxjume. Cro- 
mer. Southsea, Hunstanton. Malvern, 
•Cambridge, Chiswick.'. Women East- 
bourne, Worthing. Cheltenham, Exmouth, 
■Poole. Cambridge; FeTixstowe). 


As Bailey made merry, hitting I 
t sixes and 24 fours, three of 

six sixes and 24 fours, three of 
his partners at tbe other end 



enjoyed themselves too. Boyd- 
Moss made 68 and Cape! 48 
before Harper let tbe bat swing 
in helping himself to 88. Poor 
old Glamorgan. Not much is 
going right for them just now, 
and this latest funae by Bailey 
was the second of its type — 
Graeme Hick hit 219 fbr 
Worcestershire — in successive 

MCC lead Ireland by 98 with 
all their second innings wickets 
standing going into the final day 
of their three-day international 
in Dublin. 

The highlight of yesterday was 
a courageous 85 by David 
Dennison who returned after 
retiring hurt on 48 with a cut 
right ear to share a record- 
equalling ninth wicket stand of 
96 with the captain, Michael 
Halliday. Gloucestershire's 
Chris T re m bath's six-wicket 
haul included a spell of five for 
four in 34 balls. 

SCORES: MCC 389 tor 7 dee (M Waugti 
239 not our) and 25 for a rraland 326 tor 9 
dee p Dennison 85, S Works 68, M 
Haflkay 62 not out C Trembatft 6 for S3). 


« MAENT. South 
1900 ‘"X 1 W»OTOO- 
& Oct - Adm CZ BO CIJSO.-R* 
cornet) into Qi 361 0127' 


LCCBSL 13. Old Bond “ St 

cowmry house., mmv io 

rn . 9jq 5.30 • , • 

** r tw 

^35 — ■ 


Derbys v Middlesex 


Oertystm (4pts) beat MtiOosex by 
seven wickets. 


WN Stack cBwnettbMfler 24 

A J T Millar c Roberts b MNer 14 

N R C Madauhn c Hotdtog b Roberts-. 3 

CT Ractey run out 30 

J D Carr b MortHnsen — 12 

tP R Ooemton c Maher b Wtoner — 40 

• J E Emburey retired hurt 0 

G 0 Rose b Hoking 2 

P H Edmonds not out 14 

S P Hughes c Roberts b Warner 7 

NG Cowans not out .4 

Extras (b 1.8)8. *2) 11 

Tom (8 wkts. 40 avers) — 101 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-39. 2-43. 3-54, 4- 

BOWUNG: Mortenstt 8-0-33-1; HofcBng 
8-1-22-1; Werner 80-36-2: MBar 8-1-2S 
2; Roberta 80-39-1. 


•KJBtintetnotout 85 

fC MerWes c Downton £j Rose 1 

A HS c Downton b Rosa ... 2 

B Roberts b Cowans — — 55 

B J M Maher not out . — — 11 

Extras (163, w 6. nbij .10 

Total 0 wkts. 39 overa) — 164 

J E Monts. G Miter, M A Hofcftw. A E 
Warner. I s Anderson and O H Mounsen 

FALLOF WICKETS: 1-10. 2-28,3-136. 
BOWUNG: Rose 8-0-31-2; Cowans 8-0- 
28-1; Hughes 4-0-24-0; Sladt 4-0-21-0; 
Edmonds 8-1-25-0; Can 7-442-0. 
Umpires: j'BJrkenstiaw and R JUtai. 

Essex v Worcester 


Essex (*0ts) best Worcestershire tty 43 


*G A Gooch b Radfort - 94 

P J Prichard c Rhodes b Radford 0 

A R Bader Ibw b Wngworth — 17 

D R Pringle c Inchmae b UUngworth _ 5 

B R Hwdec Curds b Weston *1 

A W Leley c Newport b tochmore — 52 

JP Stephenson not out 35 

fDE East not out ;, ; — - 1 

Extras(b2.tol4,w1l.nb1) — 28 

Total (Bwkts. 40 overs) 273 

TO Toitey.N A Poster. JK Lever did not 

FALL OF VWCKETS: 1-1, 247. 3-55. 4- 

161.5- 230.0244. 

BOWUNG: Radford 8-0-38-2; tnchmore 8- 
(MO-1 ; Newport 005441. IWngworth 8-1- 
402; Weston 84VS-1. 


TS Curtis c Gooch b Foster 82 

DBd’OHveirac Lever b Pringle 21 

G A Hick tow b Foster 47 

D M Smith b Gooch — IS 

■p A Neale c East b Gooch Q 

tSJ Rhodes c Stephenson bPnngle 15 

M j Weston c and b Foster 3 

P J Newport run out . 1 

R K iOfeigworth b Pringle IQ 

N V Radford not out 5 

J D tnchmore b Lever 3 

Extras (b 1.1b 21. »2) 24 

Total (39 overa) 230 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-58. 2-132. 3-186. 4- 

186. 5- 190. 6-198. 7-202. 6214. 9-222, IQ- 

BOWUNG: Lever 8-0-47-1 : Foster 84M1- 
3; Prmgle 7-0-38-3; Gooch 8-0-36-2; 
Toptey 8-0-46-0. 

Glams y Northants 


Gtamotgan (4pts) beat Northamptonshire Sussex bt 
by 50 runs. 


j A HopMns c Maltender b Capet 15 pWGPa 

H Moms cHarperbNGB Cook — Si Imran Kha 

GC Holmes net out 65 CM Weis 

M P Maynard run, out 0 *+fjGouJi 

•R C Oritong ran out — — 17 A P Welts 

J G Thomas c Harper & Wild 4 cPPhflto 

’2 D A Rowe 

fT Davies not out 3 Extras 

Exttwlb1.fo14.w5.nb1) _2) Twl « 

Total (6 wkts. 40 overs) *188 .NLenham 

L A ^® DJHtefcva,WSRBarofck 

OlO rw Oat. FALL OF 

FALLOFWICKETS: 1-35.2-110.3-112,4- tSfis-UB 
141. 5-161, 8-182. . 

BOWUNG: Cape! B4M7-1; Maltender 5- 7i^S!n 
1-15-0: Walker 7-037-0; N G B Cook 8-0 Da Freitas 
37-1: Harper WMIO; WU 4028-Z 3135 


RJBBfeycOntongb Hickey 16 LPoaerc 

R J Boyd-MoSS hTnornas 0 IJPButche 

A J Lamb b Holmes 66 1)IGo«*et 

OJCapai nmout 13 PMteyc 

fl A Harper run out 3 T JBoon r 

DJWttfbOnwng 8 PBowfec 

•G Cook cDWfcRb Holmes 2 PAJDeF 

t5 N V Watarton c Daw es b Ho tmes— 2 PBCHtc 

NGBCOQKC Pa ves bO errlck 5 tPQ HIb A 

N A Matender b Hobnes 2 »-T™k 

A Waiter notout------ | 

Extras (fo 1, w 5. nb 6) A2 Total (t 

Total {35.4 overs) 138 WKMGfl 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0, 2-Z7. 3-62. 4^7. FALL OF V 

sST 6-90.7-121.*- 1 22 - 8-1Z*. 10-138. 5-132. 5-1. 

BOWLING: Thomas 6-2-14-1; HdwM. BOWUNG 
28-1; Ontong-frl-1 6-1; Baiwra**3l-0; 13-1: Babl 
Derrick 4-053-T; Hotm« 4A-G27-4. 40-1: Ro« 

Umpfres: J H H^JTTpshirB and D Osteer. Umpires:* 

Leiceste r v Su ssex 


Sussex beat Letcestarstm by 45 runs. 
S USSpV .. 

AM&BencWBaybTennant 0 

P W G Parker b CWt 55 

Imran Khan c Wffley b TBunam 0 

CMWrtsc Gower bwaoy 66 

*ff J Gould c Gower b CM 16 

A P Wetta run out — 38 

C P Phflbpson not out 27 

D A Reeve not out — 3 

Extras (b 9. w 5, nb 1) IS 

Total (6 wkts, 40 overs) 222 

-NLoiham.DK Standing and A Ba&ing&n 
dd not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0. 2»1. 3-1ia 4- 
136.5-178. 6-aOd. 

BOWUNG: Tennant 8-1-21 -2; Benjamin 

opening 26 

find some kind of form, then so 
do the county champions, 
Middlesex, who stand in six- 
teenth place and next to 
Glamorgan at the foot of the 
championship table. Middlesex 
had won the toss and chosen to 
bat at Derby, but. save for 
Butcher, who made 66, the rest 
found the going anything but 
easy and the remainder had 
been hard put to ft to contribute 
76 runs as Middlesex fell to 
Mone risen (five for 35), and 
Holding (three for61) for 142 in 
46 J overs. 

wr s*. London SW7 or bb* 

8 "™» , JtJ®««ARY Gl Riauiisi 
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Hrei*0(a04-430)Mon«ai LO-8 
Sun 2 SQ-6 Adm Irrc 


VXi?* On™- daily 


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xxwwnw* ca.40.;. .Cl 60 

row rati- irwurrd- rain also on 
74? , a5> cc W..0I 

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rnte axt soaenr i«8 ncw 

Bona Slrwi wi. QKMgut 


Adm £3.50: BARRY 


jgg^l-O Ul 31. a m J aSEi 


KIWS? 1 

v , '4 j.i. ~l' " . *'*' 

7.1-0-42-0: WRey 84139-1: C8ft WWi 
Da Freitas S-0-54-0; Potter 05-0-13-0 

The 26 batsmen currently 
playing county cricket who have 
opened the bailing for England 
in Test matches and/or one-day 
international cricket are: Amiss, 
Athey. Barlow. Benson. 
Botham. Boycott. Broad, A R 
Butcher. G Cook, Down ton. 
Fowler. Gatting. Gooch. Gould, 
Gower. Larkins. T A Lloyd. 
Moxon. Radley. Randall. 
Robinson. Rose. Slade. C L 
Smith, Tavare and Willey. 

Mind you, before the dose, by 
when 16 wickets had fallen in 
the day. Cowans and Hughes 
had rid Middlesex of 

PWC ART 30 King si. 

SI JUlms. Swi. 839 

Tree human tough . t™ 

conlrntporgry P»UWCr5. LWJ1 B 

Aiiqiki Mnn-rrl 104 30 


ffiggsyg!! ™ : 01 

Jggnv or wiuurr-MT- 

•*TS Juti ITU, 83rd Ogiiy 
inrt Sunuyt lOam-6onr ' Ad 

Derbyshire’s heavy guns, and as 
Anderson and Marples walk out 


. nr 

Anderson and Marples walk out i 
to take guard this morning, 
Derbyshire still stand half a 
dozen runs behind at 136 for six 
from 60 overe. 


Saturday's scores 

PORTSMOUTH; Hampshira 350 for 6 dec 
(87 overs) (Turner 96, fl A SrtMft 73, 
James 62. C L Smith 581; Warwickshire 28 



L Poaar c StanOng b C M Wo Is 17 

I P Butcher run out . ■ 2 

*0 1 Gower c and b C M Weds 0 

PwiiteycGoidbCM wete. if 

T J Boon not out — . — <§ 

P Bowler c GouU b Reeve — 55 

P A J De Fretes b Imran 13 

PB Otic and bStartSng 10 

tPGHIbAPWete fwtout 3 

L Tennant not out — 2 

Extras (to5.w7) J2 

Total (8 wrtns, 40 ovara) . 176 

WKM Bantam* rfd not tot 

FAU OF WICKETS; 1-2. 2-1. 331. 4-34. 

5-132. 8-148, 7-182. 8-168. 

BOWUNG: C M Wells 8-1-22-3: tmrtri 7-2- 
13-1: Babington 32-38-0: Standing 69- 
40-1: Reeve 89^1-1: A .» WalS 1-97-1. 
Umpires: B Leadbettar snb K Pawner. 

Burnt out 

Sarah McCann is out of the 
Welsh rowing team for the 
Commonwealth Games be- 
cause of sunburn. Miss 
McCann, of Monmouth, suf- 
fered extreme sunburn to her 
face and one amt when com- 
peting recently in Amsterdam. 
Her place in the women’s 
lightweight coxless four goes 
lo Jo Treweek. of 

BRISTOL- Gtaurastershira 308 «03| 
overs) (Athey 55. Batobridge 51 y. Somer-I 
set 85 for 6 (29 overs). I 

SWANSEA: N o rt ha m pt onshire 489 for 6 
dec (Batov 224 not. Harper 88. BoycL 
Moss Say. Gtamorgan 13 lor 0 (3 ovars). 


Awt^ran^ of management appointments appears TV;; 


SOUTHEfC: Essex 370 tor 5 due (97 1 
overs) {Gooch 151. Srephotson 85,1 
Border 56t Worcester 40 for 2 no overs). I 

CANTERBURY: Lancashire 162 (63-41 
overa) (Ditey 6 for 57): Kant 123 for 7 (44 1 

DERBY: Middlesex 142 (4&3 overe) 
(Butcher 66. Monsnsen 5 tar 35): Derby- 
shire 136 for 6 (60 oversL 

LEICESTER: LetoeswsNre 162 (65 a| 

oters): Sussex 144 tor 5 {41 ovbs) (C M I 


make sure you get 




Wete 52). 

j i 

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■A t 



Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
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S- 00 CiwtaAM.News 

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„ _ M&55.7JB. 
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.. WO Ceefax 1CL30 Pfay School 


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1.00 News After Noon with 
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wrth subtitles 1.25 
Regional news. The 
• gather details come from 
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■ Pat A See-Saw 

programme for the very 
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impaired 2.10 Ceefax L. 
Hone on Sunday. Cliff 
Mich ei more meets Tessa 
. Sanderson at her Leeds 

home, {shown yesterday) 
(Ceefax) 4.12 Regional 

W take Ki 
1 a late c h» 


4.15 Dastardly and Muttley. 
Cartoon, (r) 4J25 Wacky 
Races. Cartoon (r) 4J5 
The Kids of Degrassi 
Street Adventures of 
group of Toronto 



youngsters, (r) 

John Cravei 


Newsround 5JJ5 Blue 
Peter Flies the World. 
Janet Qfis visits Darwin, 
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meets some of the 
survivors Irom the 
flattened crty. (Ceefax) 

■ 5.30 Rolf Harris Cartoon Time. 

’ • , Shorts with the the me of 


■ _ 6 .00 News with Sue Lawiey and 
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■" 6l35 London Phis, presented 
by John Stapleton, Linda 
Mttchefl, and Caroline 

Wogan. Tonight's guests 
indude WHbur Smith, Ron 
Pickering, and the Sun’s 
Royals’ photographer. 
Arthur Edwards. Pius a 
song from Suzi Quatro. 
TheRock ’n’ RoB Years. 
1957 - the year that Flower 
Power was at its peak and 
Procul Harem recorded A 
Whiter Shade of Pale. 

LOS What a Carry On. A 

compilation of dips from 
the popular Carry On 
series of comedy films, (r) 
£L30 Wilderness Road. Part 
. one of a new comedy 



series, written by Richard 


i • v 


. ri -- A 

• — f C ‘ 

Cottan and Bob-Goody, 
about two East End of 
London down and outs 
who lurch from crisis to 
ends. Their lives revolve - 
round a friendless pub run 
by a man who dislikes his 
- few customers and. 

tonight; it is there that they 
go after they have been - 
- evicted from their home by 
two heavies hired by a 
property magnate who 
' wants to re-da veto p the 

area. Starring Robin 
Dnscofi and David Sibley. 
'9.00 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 

~9.30 The Africans. In this final 
programme of the series 
Ali Mazrui examines 
Africa’s changing 
relationships wi* the 
outside worid. (Ceefax) 
1tL25 Come Dancing introduced 
by David Jacobs from the 
Tower Ballroom, 

Blackpool. Midlands and 
West dance against 

11.10 Turns. Jimmy Perrjrecafls 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
A week of background and 
build-up and reviewing the 
Royal Wedding. News with 
Gordon Honeycombeat 
6.30. 7.00, 7.&, 8.00, &30 
and &0& sport at 6 l 4CL 
7-40 and &40. PHjs. a 
cartoon, pop music and 
television htghBgftts. 
Among the guests is Nigel 

8.45 Wacaday presented by 
Timmy MaHett. 


9.25 Thames news headlines 


wildlife a 

lain Forest The 
life of the tropics 10.10 
Robostory. Cartoon series 
from France 10.35 
Carofine. A drama about a 

girl who js rejected 

her grandfather. 
Trie Wuxxles. 


Cartoon series about six 
bears 11 JIB Courageous 
Cat Cartoon. 

11-30 About Britain. Stisey on 
the Sussex coast filmed 
over five January days. 

12.00 Alphabet Zoo. Nerys 

Hughes and Ralph McTefl 
with N for Nigel the 
Nightingale, fr) 12.10 Let's 
Protend to the tale of the 
Wolf Who Cried Wolf, (r) 

1230 Feefing Better? Maeva 
Robertson explores the 
ranged treatments 
available for tackHng 
. breast cancer; and Gerry 
Davis meets a 
representative of the 
Mastectomy Association. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1.20 Thames news. 

130 FUm: The League of 
Gentlemen* (1 9601 

starring Jack Hawkins. 
Nigel Patrick and Richard 
Attenborough. Comedy 
thriller about a retired 
Army officer who carefully 
recruits experts of his 
acquaintance to help him 
rob a bank. Directed by 
Basil Dearden 335 
Themes news headlines 
330 The Young Doctors. 
Australian medical drama 

4.00 Alphabet Zoo. A repeat of 
the programme shown at 
noon. 4.10 The Moomins. 
Cartoon series, (r) 430 
She-Ra, Princess of 
Power. Animated science 
fiction series. 

4.45 Dramarama: Play Acting, 
by Yogesh Asthana. A play 
reflecting the cutture gap 
that faces Anglo-Indian 
children. With Judy 
Cornwell. (Oracle) 

5.15 Diffrent Strokes. 
American domestic 
comedy series. 

5.45 News 630 Thames news 
with Tricia Ingrams and 
John andrew. 

535 What IPs Worth. 

Consumer queries 
answered by Penny Junor 
and David Stafford. 

635 Crossroads. 

730 The Engfiah Country 
House; mis third 
programme of the series 

_ . features the buikiings of 
London, (Oracle) (see 

730 Coronation Street Alan is 
tom between Rita and 

830 Langley Bottom. Comic 
village tales, starring 
- Bernard Crtobms. 

830 Worid in Action: Behind 
Closed Doors. A 
documentary examining 
the plight of the thousands 
of women In Britain who 
are beaten and abused by 

their mate partners; 

930 Return to Eden. Stephanie 
has to face the fact that 

the variety acts of 
Thirties and Forties 
including Will Hay and The 
Two Leslies, (r) 

11.40 Weather. 

has to face the fact 
Tom and Sarah have 
committed incest. 

1030 News at Ten and weather 
’ followed by Thames news 

1030 The New Avengers. 

Steed, Purdey and Gambit 
are threatened by killer 
robots, (r) 

The Road to Damascus. 

The religious experiences 
of a Christian, a Jew, and 
a Muslim. 

12.00 That’s Hollywood. Clips 
from the cutting room 

1235 Night Thoughts. 


Jess Is not much 
ol a laugh, and if that fact is not 
sufficiently self-evident in off- 
screen life, the point is made 
abundantly clear in one of 

tonight's two new comedy 


(BBC1, 8.30). written by Richard 
Cottan 8nd Bob r ' “ 

i Goody. The 
funniest Une, I suppose, 
concerns the lazter of the two 
unemployed churns (Robin 
Driscoll and David Sibley) 
who suddenly find themselves 
dispossessed. Turning over 
the first 26 pages of Joyce's 
Ulysses- all that he has been 

able to cope with in three years 
' ' lofhls 

Denis Lawson as Kit Curran: on 
Channel 4, at 830pm 

has been the sum total i 
activity. There is some sad string 
playing under the opening 
titles of WHdemass Road. For 
me. the mood persisted too 
long into the action. 

CURRAN (Channel 43.30pm) 
whose three central 
characters are similarly 
unemployed, hits the right 
note from the start. The comedy 
writing of Andy Hamilton and 
Guy Jenkin is lively and socially 
aware. "A woman, nowadays, 
can even become Margaret 
Thatcher", says toe pn-sharp 
Curran { Denis Lawson), 
flattering his pretty prey (Lindsay 
Duncan) into paying for meir 
meal. And there is a wealth of 
experience of convenience 
food in the magnificent outburst 

mi can understand what 
some of my colleagues mean 
when (hey complain that THE 
ENGLISH HOUSE (1TV. 7 00pm) 
asstxnes too great an 
architectural knowledge an the 
part of the lay viewer. But 
taking tonight's film about 
London buddings as an 
example, l think director- 
producer Richard Mervyn is 
entitled to believe that most of us 
have heard enough about 
Wren and Ruskm. Inigo Jones 
and Robert Adam, Nash and 
Vanbrugh, to be abte to keep our 
heads above water. One 

thing is lor sura me tact-packed, 

S ttie testy Damien Appleby 


In happy contrast. KIT 

(Clive Merrisonj who, 
storming out from behind the 
counter ol a hamburger bar, tells 
his boss what he can do with 
" the puny spare-ribs culled from 
some hormone-fed gertsil" 

swmiy-moving English House 
is not for laggards, although 
even they cannot tail 
to respond to its visual 

Peter Davalle. 

BBC 2 



Open University: Mi 
Fibanocd Numbers, 
at 730 
9.00 Ceefax. 

930 The Lords this Week. A 

programme of Itighfights 
of the week's proceedings 
in the House of Lords, 
presented by Christopher 

1030 Ceefax. 

535 News summary with 
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530 Teny Waite Takes a 
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Archbishop ot 
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L 330 

Envoy in conversation with 
Lord wi 

filson of Rievaulx. 
who, as Harold WHson, led 
the Labour Party to four 
General Election victories. 
(First seen on BBC North 

6.00 Film: Chariie Chan at the 

Opera* (1936) starring 
Warner bland i 

I and Boris 
Karloff. The oriental sleuth 
Investigates the murder of 
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admirer backstage in an 
opera house. The prime 
suspect is Gravelle (Boris 
Karloff), an escaped 
lunatic with a rather 
unusual secret Directed 
by H Bruce Humberstone. 

by h Bruce Humberstone 
735 Tne Family of Chimps. A 
bird’s eye view of a family 
of chimpanzees housed in 
Burger 's Zoo. Arnhem. 
The result is a remarkable 
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and a revelation about 
their use of implements, (r) 
6.00 Royal Heritage. Part two 
ol the late Sir Huw 
Wh eld on's series on 
Britain's royal builders and 
collectors examines the 
achievements of the 

Tudors, in particular Henry 
r VIII and O 


VII, Henry VIII and Queen 
Elizabeth I. Sir Huw 
admires the portraits by 
Holbein, toe jewels, and 
the magnificent buildings 
including the Palaces of St 
James arid Hampton 

Hilary. Comedy series 
starring Marti Caine i 

as a 

scatter-brained television 
chat show researcher, this 
week investigating the 
reasons behind toe 
victimization of toe ex- 
deaner, Lizzie, and trying 
to mend her boss's broken 
marriage, but ending up 
spending the night with 

930 Dave Allen. The laid-back 
comedian, the scourge of 
the Cloth, with another 

■ (r> 

1035 Spit Screen. Laurie 
Taylor Introduces two 
films with differing views 

comic si 

on the subject of 

pomograpny. tn favour is 
art historian and author 
Peter Webb whose film 
examines erotica In the 
media: against are Jackie 

media: against are jacme 
Kay and Nancy OJuguid 
whose film is m theiorm 


whose film i 

of a drama illustrating the 
impact that images of 
women have on ordinary 

Newsright The latest 
national and international 
news including extandee 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 
11.40 Weather. 

11.45 Open University: 

Ceramics Under Stress. 
Ends at 12.15. 


230 How to be Celtic. This 
second of five 
programmes on the Celtic 
nations focuses on Ireland 
and the music of The 
Chieftains, (r) 

aht in a Free State. 



Caught i 

The fourth and final part of 
the drama serial, based on 
fact, about German spies 
in neutral Ireland during 
the Second Worid War. (r) 

Dancin' Days. Jute is 
convinced that Berto is the 
wrong man for Marisa and 
vows to prevent the 

Alice, as (f by fate. Mef 
sprains both nis ankles 
after refusing to make 
modifications to his diner's 
doors in order to 
accommodate the 

530 SOents, Please* A 

shortened version of the ‘ 
Lewis Milestone-directed 
Garden of Eden, an up- 
dated version of Cinderella 
set in a plush Monte Carlo 
Hotel. Starring Corinrte 
Griffith and Charles Gray. 

630 lip and Coming. The final 
programme of the series 
features Fred D' Aguiar 
who taika to Michete 
Roberts about his poetry 
and performs extracts 
from his works at the Drill 

Hall Arts Centre. London. 
630 1986 Tour de France. 
Stage 16 - Briancon to 
L’Alpe d'Huez. Thought to 
be hardest of the tour, this 

leg includes five mountain 

climbs and 22 hairpin 
bends. Introduced by Nick 
Owen with commentary by 
Phil Liggett and Paul 


7.00 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons. 

7.50 Comment With her views 
on a topical subject is 
Patricia Wharton, a post- 
graduate researcher. 

830 Brook side. Rod Corkhfll's 
father thinks that his son's 

application to join the 
police force is a joke: and 

Matty tells Bobby Grant 

who he thinks is 
responsible for Sheila's 

830 IQt Curran. Part one of a 
new comedy series 
- starring Denis Lawson. 
Ftoding himself without a 

job when the local radio 

station goes bust. Kit sets 

up the grandiose Curran 
Associates incorporated, 

based in Brentford, (see 


930 St Elsewhere. Dr Craig 
and a nervous Dr Ehrlich 

risk their lives to extract an 

explosive bullet from a 

wounded woman. 

935 4 Minutes: Loose End, by 
Chris Hartwill and Peter 

Boston. Two strangers 
meet by a photo-booth In a 
deserted railway station. 
The meeting is to have 

desperate consequnces 
for one of them. Starring 
Kim Barclay and Nefi 

1030 Commodities. The history . 

of sugar. (Orade). 

1130 The Eleventh Hour The 
Penny War. A 
documentary about the 
bus drivers of Bogota, the 
Colombian capital. 

1230 Their Lordships* House. 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at 


535 Shipping S30 News: Weather 
6.10 Farming Week. 638 
Prayer for the Day (Si 
Today, md 630, 730, 

830 News. SA5 
Business News. 635, 735 
Weather. 7.00, 830 
News. 735. 835 Sport 7-45 


Thought for the Day. 

835 The week on 4. 

Programme previews. 

633 John Ebdon and the BBC 
Sound Archives. 837 
Weather: Travel 

930 News 

935 Start the Week, with 
Richard Baker (s) 

1030 News: Cubnary 

Characters Marjone 
Lofthouse talks to the 
actress Madhur Jeffrey. 
1030 Morning Story. The 
Silver FrenciLby Mark 

1035 Daily Service (s) 

1130 News: Travel; 

Munchausen. A narrative 
of the marvellous travels and 
campaigns of Baron 
Munchausen, a heroic 
German officer who 
fought with the Russians 
against the Turks. 

11.48 Poetry Please! Listeners' 
requests presented by 
Kingsley Amis (s) 

12.00 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice with 
Susan Rae. 

1237 Counterpoint Musical 
knowledge quiz. 

Chairman Ned Shenrin. Fast 
Round: Heat 2 - Rhode 
Gnmmer. Tony Allison and 
Ian White 1235 Weather. 

130 The World at One: News 

1.40 The Archers. 135 

230 News^oma n'sHour. 

330 News: The Afternoon 
Ptay. Shadows in the 
Michael Hadley and 
Joyce Gibbs (rXs) 

4.15 Eye Witness. A 

correspondent's view of 
world events as they 

430 Scottish Arts Week. The 
first of ten reports on the 
Scottish arts scene: 
Something for Everyone. 

530 PM. News magazine. 

530 Stepping. 535 


630 News: Financial Report 
630 The News Quiz (s) 

7.00 News 
735 The Archers 
7.20 On Your Farm. 

Presented by AKan 

7-45 Science Now. Peter 
Evans reviews 
developments from the 
forefront of scientific 

8.15 The Monday Ptay. 

Voyages, by Tea Moore. 
Wtm Valerie Georgeson. Val 
McLane. Arthur Blake 
and Denise Welch (s) 

930 British Liars in America. 

Ray Boston traces the 
hnk between toe 
contemporary American 

the 1970s. 

9.45 Scottish Arts Week: Art 
for Art's Sake. The 
prospects for young Scottish 
painters trying to 
establish a reputation. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: The 
Third Policeman, by 
Ftann O'Brien (S). Reader 
Patrick Magee (rj. 1039 

1030 The WOrkf Tornght 
11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Today in Parliament 
1230 News: Weather. 1233 

VHF (available in England and 

S Wales only) as above 
except: 533630am 1 

i Weather; 

Travel 135-230pm 
Listening Comer 530-535 
PM (continued). 1130- 
12 . 10 am Open University: 
1130 Victonan Art. 1130 
Musical Drama. 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

635 Weather. 730 News 
735 Morning Concert Berlioz 
(Roman Carnival 
overture). Brahms (Ballades. 
Op 10: Bishop- 
Kovacevich.piano), Krommer 
(Octet-Partita in E flat 


Op 79). 830 News 
Morning Concert 

continued Cootand 
(Fanfare for Common Man). 
Saha (Suite: La belle 
eccentrique: Takahashi and 

Hanes, pianos], 

Chaus son (Sov de fete), 
Bartok (Rhapsody No 
1 .for viotin.pana Pauk and 
Frankl), Enersco 
(Romanian Rhapsody In A. 
Op 11 N0 1). 9.00 News 
935 This Week's Composer; 
Debussy. Prelude a 
rapres-rodidune faune: 

Tarantafle styneme; too 

cantata L'eniant prodigue 
(with Nonnan.Cdrreras 
and Fischer-Dieskau) 

1030 Baroque with 

Recorder Ross Winters 
(recorder). Catherine 
Mackintosh (viota). Mark 
Caudle (cene). Alan Wilson 
(harpsichord). Works by 
Handel. Telemann and 


10-45 Leonard 

Candide;Pretude. Fugue and 
Rifts; and Gershwin's 
Rhapsody in Blue. 

11.15 Choral Music by John 
: North 

Joubert BBC Northern 
Singers, includes Three 
Portraits, Op 97 
1135 Pled Piper. First of 

seneafira tp re s ented by 
David Munrow until hs 
death in 1978. Today: the 
Story ot Westminster 


12.15 Bournemouth SO (under 
Mariss Jansons). With 
Igor Otetraktyvioiin). Part 
one.Verdi (Sicfiian 
Vespers overture). Glazunov 
(Violin Concerto m A 
minor), Saint-Saens 
(introduction and Rondo 

1.05 Concert: I 

t part two. 
Bertioz. (Symphotee 

230 Prom Taflc Magazine 

highlighting some of the 
music and musicians 
featured this season (r) 

230 New RecordsiHtest 
(Perfect Fool ballet 
music). Boar (A minor Piano 
Quntetwtto Roberts, 

piano and the Chiiinginan), 
Bridge ( Mantle of Blue: 
Patr&a Wrigfitspprano), 


irian and 


Clifford Benson), 

(Theatre of Memory). 

Moeran (Sinfonietta) 

530 Mainly for Pleasure 

630 Music for OrgamTon 
Koopman plays works by 
Byrd, Arauxo, and CPE 

735 A True Day's Work: 
Reflections on toe nature 

and purpose of work.From 

Ruskin's writings.with 

John Bott as Ruskm 
7-30Proms 1988: BBC 
Philharmonic Orchestra (under 

Bernhard Klee), with Felicity 
Palmer, mezzo). Part one. Mozart 

(Symphony No 33, and 

Zemtnsky (f 

'emfansky (Maeterfinck Songs, Op 

8-15The Greatest Village in 
England: An anthology of prose 
and verse about the Oty of 

635Proms 1986 (contdh 

Brahms (Symphony No 2) 

935Noemy Belmkaya: piano 
recitaLMedtner (Improvisation. Op 

31 No 1). Prokofiev (Sonata No 

8). and Scriabin works inducing 
Study in C sharp minor. Op 2 

No 1) 

10.15Jazz Revisited: Steve 

Race examines some jazz 


il.OOBrmen and Marenzio: 

London Smtomena Voices. Includes 
Bnttert's A Shepherd s Carol 
and Hymn to St Ceciha. and 
Marenzio's Quell' angellin 
ii.57Nbws. 12.00 Closedown. 

VHF variations as follows: ■ 
6.350pen University. Urml 
6.55am. Literacy, education and 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
for VHF variations. 

News on toe hours. Headlines 

530am. 630, 730 and B3L SjiOA* 

Desks 1.05pm, 232, 332, 4.1 
5.05. G.02, 6.45 (ml pnN), 935. 
Cricket Scoreboard 7.30pm. 
4.00am Charles Move (s) 530 
Ray Moore (s) 730 Derek Jameson 
(s) 930 Ken Bruce (5)11.00 
Jimmy Youna (s) 135pm David 
Jacobs (s) 235 Gloria 
Hunmtord (S) 330 David Hamilton 
(s) 535 John Dunn (s) 7.00 Alan 
Dell with Dance Band Days and at 

730 Big Band Era (S) 830 Big 
_ Band) 930 

Band Special (BBC Big I 
Humphrey Lyttieton with the 
best of jazz on record (s). 935 
Sports Desk 1030 Medicine 
Balls. An informal lecture by Dr Rob 
Buckman. 1030 Star Sound. 

Nick Jackson with film soundtrack 
requests 1130 Brian Matthew 
presents Round Midnight (stereo 
from midnight) 1.00am Bdl 
RenneHs presents Nightride (a) 
330-430 A Little Night Music (s). 

( Radiol ) 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on toe half-hour from 
630am until 830pm then 1030 and 

12 midnight. 

tm Adrian John 7.00 Mike 

530am < 

Smith s Breakfast Show 930 Andy 
Peebles 11.00 The Radio i 

Roadshow (Simon Bates m 
i. Isle of Man) 1230 


Newsbeat (tan Parkinson) 12.45 
Gary Davies 3.00 Steve Wright 
530 Newsbeat (lan Parkinson) 535 
Bruno Brookes 730 Janice 

Long 1030-12.00 John Peel (s). 

Radios 1 & 2:- 4.00am As 
Radio 2. 1030 As Radio 1 . 12.00- 
430am As Radio 2. 


630 Nmvsdssk. &30 A Word m Edge- 
ways. 7.00 News. 7J» Twenty Four 
Hours. 730 Sarah and Com Dairy 830 
News. B39 Reflections- 8.15 Far wnom 

the Ben Tote. 830 Anything Goes. 930 
of the Bntsft Press. 

News. 939 Review i. 

9.15 Good Books. 930 Financial News. 
9.40 Look Ahead. 945 Peeble s Choice. 
1030 News. 1031 A Word m Edgeways. 
1130 News. 1130 News About Britain. 

11.15 Japan Walks, it -30 Album Time. 
1230 Radio Newsreel 12.15 Bren of 

Bittern 1986. 1245 Soorts Roundup. 130 
World News. 139 Twenty Four Hours. 

1-30 Rav Moore talks to... 230 Outlook. 
245 The Time Machine. 3j» Radio 

NewsreeL 3.15 a Word tn Edgeways. 345 
i. 439 Commen- 

What's New. 430 News, 
tary. 4.15 The Particular Plan. 545 
Sports Roundup. 735 Stock Market 
Report. 830 News. 439 Twenty Four 
Hours. 830 Origins. 9.00 News. 931 In 
.15 Tcno 

The Cage. 9.15 Tenor and Banone. 930 

CowitenxwtL 1030 News. 1039 World 
l. 1025 I 

Today. i035 Book Cteca. 1030 Fman- 
calNews. < 

. . 1040 Reflections. 1045 Sports 
Roundup. 1130 News. 1139 Commen- 
tary. 11.15 Tfis Partxutar Place. 1130 
Brain ol Britan 1986. 1230 News. 1239 
News About Britan. 1215 Radio News- 
reel. 1230 Sarah and Company. 130 
News. 131 Outlook. 130 Short Stoiy. 
145 TTas Particular Place. 230 News. 
239 Review of the British Press. 215 In 

the Cage. 230 Origins. 330 News. 339 
News About ~ " ' 

Britain 3.15 World Today. 
445 RetleatoraL 4-50 Financial News. 

530 News. 539 Twenty Four Hours. 545 

Worid Today JUi tunes hGMT 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kHz/285m;1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: l215kHz/247m:VHF-90- 
92.5; Ratio 4: 200kHz/1500m: VHF-92-95; LBC: 11 52k Hz/2 6 1m: VHF 97^; Capital: 1548kHz/194m: VHF95.8: BBC Radio London: 

1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World Service: MF 646kHz/' 

RRpI WALES 535pnh630 

-"Wales Today 535-730 The 

11140-1145 Nens 

Welsh 19661 

I weather. SCOTLAND 930-1030 . 

CTV 1 835pe>-730 Reporting Scot- 

land 11.10-1135 Decades 1135-1135 
Turn 1135-1 200 Weather NORTM- 

ERN4RELAM) 535p»-5.*0 Today's 

Sport 540530 inside Ulster 535- 

730 Rolf Hams Cartoon Tme 1140- 

.1145 New* and weather ENGLAND 
!635pm-730 Regional newsmagazines. . 

channel aas aSot 

1030 Cartoon 1035-1130 British 
Achievements 130pm News 130 Home - 
Cookery 135 FUm: The BigJobllO- 

330 Water Garden S.15-54S Sons and 

Daughters 630-635 Chermal Report 

ia3r - “ 

)F*m: Bang Then 1250am 



pi w asa! oapt 93Sam News. 
Sesame Sheer 1035 Felix I 

c toe Cet 

Highlights of theda^r's 

proceedings In to 
of Lords. Ends at 

1035-1130 Everyday China 130pm 
■ 330 ram The Games 

News 130-330 1 — 

5.15-545 Horses for Courses 630-730 

News 1030 toeptaced Person 1130 

Char at Caesar's Ptoece 1230am 



1035 Sesame Stre« 630pm-730 

Wales at So. 

qOPDFR As London except 
SUnupn gjsm, sesame Street 

1035 Fete toe Cat 1035-1 130 Car- 

toon 1 30pn> Border News 130 FBm: Fu- 

■wral in Bento 330430 Sons and 

Daughters 5.15-545 Survival of the Ftt- 

Bst 530 LootartXXid 630-730 Take 

the High Road 1030 The Sweeney 1130 
Show Express 1200 Closedown. 


1035-1130 Ophans of the Wild 

130pm News 130 Ho 

i Home Cookery 135 
Fint The Big Job 210-330 Water 
Garden 5.1 S-54S Sons and Daughters 
130 ran: 

630-635 Coast to Coast 1030 

Being There (Peter SeSers) 1250am 

Company. CksedoiML 
C4f* Sans: 130pm Dandn~ Days 
=Sz£ 130 Ulster Landscapes 200 

UimuDyddUun 2t5lntBnJaJ330 

Caught in a Free State 430 Making of 
Brtfcn 430 Le Grand Metes 530 9 
Smyrtts 530 Music m Wales 530 Tor de 
France 730 Newyederc Saab 730 

Cmdaf 830 St Elsewhere 930 Ffatri 

Freuddydion 945 CheoralO-15 Plo- 

wing women 11.15 People to Paopto 
1215am Closedown. 


930 Wuzrtes 10.15 Jack Hatoom 

1040 The LUto Rascals 1135-1130 

Home Cookery 130pm News 130 

Ftkic VWong Arm of the Law (Rater SeD- 
ers) 215-330 Ma#c.Uagt830 
News 6.45-730 Centrafl^st 1035 Con- 

News 6.45-730 Centra) Post1035 Con- 
trasts 1135 Mam's Best Fnends 
1135 Bwnmg the Phoenix 1235am Con- 
tact 1235 JlS&toer 135 Closedown. 


1035 Na Sgeylachban Am 1035- 

nac&an Doasnertary 130pm 

11 30 Canadian! 

News 130 FBm: Smurfs and the 
Mage Fk/te 330 Star Choice 330-430 

Sourxfc Good 5.15-5.45 Emmerdato 

Farm 530 News and Scottend To 

630-730 Sounds Gaate 1030 Crime 

Desk 1035 V 1135 Late Cal 1140 

Devi's Lake Concert 1240am 


anglja . ssaass- 

1030 Cartodn 1035-1130 CaBtomta 

Highways 130 News 130-330 FBm: 

Rams ol Ranchtpur &.15-S45 
Emmaidal* Farm 530 About Argla 630- 
7.00 Survival 1030 Anglia Reports 
1130 The Sweeney 1200 Mann's Best 

Fnend 1230MB Balcra the WadcSng. 


Robostory 93 
1130 Hanem Globetrotters 130pm News 
135 Help Yourself 130 Rkn: Three 

tor Wisdom Follow a Star 330 Home 

Cookery 335 News 330-430 Coun- 

try Practice 545-545 Give us a CkA 530 

r 530-730 Summer Sport 

y 1130 

1030 Calarato Commentary 1130 Pris- 
oner CeH 8 JockH 123d Anttses 
Jazz Festival 1230am Closedown. 


Thing 930 Baatoaichean Neonach 

9^5 Adventures of Jeremy 10.10 Or- 

phans of the WBd 1035-1130 
CMdren's Stxxi Story I3tem Nbws 130 

FBm: Beachcomber 200-330 Surviv- 

al of toe Fittest 5.15-545 Emmerdato 
Farm 630 North Tonight 635 Sham- 

my Dab 1030 Film: Next Man (Sean 

Connery) 1225am News. 

TCm As London except 935am 
Sesame Street 1035-1130 

Short Story Thsatre 130pm News 

" 330GunsatBatasl2l5Gus 


Honeybun 530-545 Crossroads 

830 Today South West 630-730 
Emmerdaie Farm 1032 Ftov. (Jutland 

(ScatrCon nefy) 1230am Postscrqu. 

Reports 93QSeaw Valley 935 Eu- 

ropean Folk Tales 1035 Struggle Be- 
neath toe Sea 1030 The Wuzzfes 
1130 Granada Reports 1135 About Bnt- 
am 1130 Cormecmms 1135-1200 
Granada Reports 130pm Granada Re- 

ports 130 Ffrn: Needy a Nasty Acci- 
dent 210 How We Know About the toe 

Age 330-430 Sons ano Daughters 

5.15-545 That'S My Boy 630 Gianada 
Repons 630-730 Whose Baby? 

1030 Under Fire 1130 FUm: The 

Babysitter 1240am Closedown. 

1035-1130 Utkconi Tdes 130pm News 

13$ Lookaround 130 Fim: Treaswe 

of San ■ 

- wiTeresa 255330 Lmk 5.15-5.45 

Stfvwal 830 Northern Lite 630-7.00 

Scribble 1032 V 1130 Struggle 1200 

Signs lor the Road. Closedown. 

HI Q TPR As London except: 
UUpiCn 9 , 25 am Blockbusters 930 

Under the Mountain 10.15 Max the 
Mouse 1035-1130 Short Story 130pm 
Lunchtime 130 Fibre Thief ot Bagh- 
dad 330-430 Sons and Daughters 5.15- 
5.45 Gwe us a Ctue 6.00 Summer 
Edition 6.15 Summer Sport 530-730 

Password 1030 second Stttot 1130 

The Sweeney 1130 News. I 



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Continued or page 28 

i C f 


* * * *:* *- 

Norman confirms 

star status at last 

By Mitchell Plaits 

Greg Norman emphatically 
removed the one flaw m his 
outstanding record when he 
capture! the 1 15th Open 
championship on the Ailsa 
course at Tumberry yesterday. 

Norman, the one ‘superstar’ 
in the game whose status was 
not supported by a win in a 
major championship, cele- 
brated his tenth year as a 
professional by claiming the 

The gallery around the final 
green rose as one to salute a 
supreme performance by the 
31 -year-old son of an Austra- 
lian mining engineer. Then he 
held aloft the old claret jug, a 
far more important reward 
than the £70,000 first prize 
and perhaps his mind went 
back to the moment 15 years 
earlier when he became en- 
tranced by the game after 
caddying for his mother, who 
had a handicap of three. 

Norman has always insisted 
that as a late arrival to the 
game he required the time to 
gain the natural feel to master 
a Jinks course. 

He has now unquestionably 
completed his apprenticeship 
because with a final round of 
69 for a level par aggregate of 
2S0, he won going away by 
five shots from Gordon J. 
Brand (71). A second British 
player, Ian Woosnam (72), 
shared third place, one stroke 
further adrift, with Bernhard 

Langer of West Germany (68), 
and Ni< 

Jick Faldo (70) a consis- 
tent performer in the Open 
championship finished fifth 
on 287. 

Norman is an imposing 

figure on the fairways. He 
ric turf yester- 

strode the historic 

day, where Robert the Bruce 
and other heroes of the past 
waged their own particular 
tellies, with the air of a man 
convinced that his great mo- 
mem ted finally arrived. He 
ted no divine right to win, of 
course, but nobody in the 
arena of golf will resent Nor- 
man winning. Not even those 
patriotic supporters from 
Yorkshire and Wales who 
came to cajole Brand and 
Woosnam respectively. 

The question with Norman, 
following his demise in both 
the US Masters and the US 
Open earlier this year, was 
always one of durability. But 
he has learned, through the 
torment of defeat, the impor- 
tance of arresting his emotions 
so as to retain the mobility to 
handle moments of anxiety. 

Norman's latest lesson 
came at the US Open little 
more than a month ago when 
he foolishly allowed him seif to 
be angered by a spectator who 
called him a “choker.” He 
walked across publicly to 
chastise the culprit, though his 
impetuous response was ulti- 
mately responsible for a loss of 
concentration and a title. 

But this time Norman, 
christened the ‘Great White 
Shark', was not about to pluck 
defeat from the jaws of vic- 
tory. This was not a gruelling 
encounter, like Bruno and 
Witherspoon, but more the 
performance of a virtuoso 
blessed with a prodigious tal- 
ent to knit power and preci- 
sion into a veritable winning 

In truth, Norman, one 
stroke ahead at the start of the 
final round, received an im- 

mediate charitable gesture 
form his nearest rival, 
Nakajima, who took three 
putts, missing from little more 
than 12 inches at the first hole 
for a six. 

Moreover, he stretched his 
advantage to five strokes 
when he audaciously holed 
from out of a bunker for an 
unlikely birdie at the third as 
Nakajima dropped yet anoth- 
er shot. A pulled drive at the 
fifth cost Norman a stroke and 
Nakajima narrowed his deficit 
to three shots with a birdie 
four at die long seventh, ft was 
to be the closest that the 
Japanese golfer would again 
come to Norman. At the next 
hole, Nakajima drove into a 
bunker and he finished with a 
five, whereas Norman fol- 
lowed a lovely approach by 
holing from six feet for a 
birdie three. 

In a sense it left Nakajima 
vyiing for second place, 
though a series of disastrous 
errors deprived him of even, 
that honour as Brand and 
Woosnam chiselled their way 
back through the field alter 
suffering a selection of set- 
backs of their own. 

Brand appeared to have lost 
his opportunity when he 
stumbled to the turn in 39, 
four over par for the day, but 
he showed greater authority 
on the inward half. He holed 
from 20ft for a birdie at the 
12th then ensured himself of a 
second prize of £50,000 by 
making a putt of similar length 
for an eagle three at the 17th. 

Woosnam drifted back- 
wards after dropping four 
shots in five holes form the 
eighth. But there are few more 

A man emerging from the 
shadow of his reputation 

By David Miller 

It would be difficult to 
surpass yesterday at 
Tumberry: a combination of 
serene holiday weather, a huge 
annual public sporting festi- 
val. and ihe private battle of 
one man to prove an ability 
some had questioned. It was a 
beautiful more than a memo- 
rable day’s golf. 

Greg Norman had spent ihe 
evening before in the hotel 
receiving nothing but the good 
wishes of his fellow, and even 
more famous, professionals, 
for there are few sports more 
fraternal. As he walked off the 
final green and under the 
grand stand the first hand 
reaching out to congratulate 
was that of Nicklaus. Would 
Norman blow it many had 
wondered? His answer was lo 
defeat Tumbeny’s formidable 
par for the second time in four 
days while the rest of the field 
within reach failed to close in 
on him. 

He was fortunate that 
Nakajima, his nearest pursuer 
after three rounds, dropped a 
stroke when three-puUing on 

the first green and never posed 
a challenge over the early 
holes when Norman's nerve 
might have been at its most 
fragile. Norman set the tone 
for his own day at the third. 
Bunkered to the left of the 
green on his second shot, he 
holed out from the sand, while 
Nakajima was again taking a 
five. He must have been 
bubbling inside as they moved 
to the next tee. • 

Card of the course 

[Hate Yards 

































































You could find no more 
resplendent scene for a sport- 
ing event, other than perhaps 
in the Americas Cup or Nor- 
dic skiing, than the short 
fourth hole on a balmy after- 

Not a fair way to 
judge Tumberry 

By John Hennessy 

One spectator dismissed the 
Open on Saturday as having 
“all the excitement of a 
moigue”. It would be idle to 
pretend that the last few days 
at Tumberry have made the 
pulses race. At various limes, 
either buffeted by the wind or 
saturated by the rain or 
numbed by the cold, and 
sometimes subjected to all 
three forms of torture, it has 
taken an effort of will to argue 
the opposite case. 

But it seems to me that four 
factors have stood in the way 
of a true appreciation of this 
year's tournament. First, the 
weather of course. You need 
to have been deeply dedicated 
to the game to enjoy trudging 
round the Ailsa course last 
week, particularly on 

Secondly. Tumberry 1986 
has had to live with the legend 
created by the gladiatorial 
tussle between Watson and 
Nicklaus when the course, 
blessed with fine weather, 
came into the Open roster in 
1977. That is now a glowing 
part of the game’s folklore. 

Thirdly, the course has been 
a severer challenge than in 
1977. partly created by nature 
in the form of deep growing 
rough and partly by man in 
the form of tighter fairways. 
As Nicklaus said: “I’d better 
keep my mouth shut because 
other people are shooting 
good scores and so the course 



- ' . : 'GET G 


can’t be that bad. However, 
you can’t attack it in the way 
we did in 1977.” 

Finally, and perhaps more 
significantly, golf seems to 
have become enslaved by pure 
numbers. Just as athletics too 
often shuns its natural role of 
head-to-head competition to 
decline into an occasion for 
clock-watching in pursuit of 
records, so golf can become 
obsessed by scores in relation 
to par. 

On leader boards scores 
below par are highlighted in 
red and these proliferated in 
two cases in 1977. Watson, 
with rounds of 68. 70. 6S and, 
again. 65. finished on 268. 12 
under par. with Nicklaus only 
one stroke behind, having 
taken 66 on the final day. We 
seem conveniently to have 
forgotten that only one other 
player then, Hubert Green, 
was under par. by one stroke. 

But How can you put a 
figure on the Tumberry of last 
Thursday, when a near-gale 
blew, or on Saturday, when 
only a blizzard was lacking lo 
complete our discomfiture. If, 
say. 73 was a reasonable 
(certainly not over-generous) 
yardstick compared with the 
card's 70. Norman would 
have stood at six under after 
three days and Nakajima five 
under. In 1977 Watson and 
Nicklaus were both only a 
stroke better than that notion- 
al figure for Norman. Only 
two other players, Crenshaw 
and Horton, were under par in 
1977, as were Brand and 
Woosnam. so to speak, on 
Saturday. If that is a fair 
comparison, how can a stroke 
or two be allowed to create 
such an overpowering sense of 
general inadequacy’? 

Tumberry has been placed 
in the role of some ephemeral 
pop star or author of fiction 
who has found it impossible to 
“follow that" after a stunning 
first success. It has. I believe, 
teen seriously maligned. 

noon. The sea glistened with a 
million jewels under the sun 
as it stretched out towards 
Ailsa Craig, and along the 
seaweed-strewn beach at low 
tide walked a lone man and 
his dog. The surf rustled 
gently: and the huge crowd 
wailed for the high tide of the 
big blbnde. Australian. 

. He was on the green ten feet 
from the pin but two putted 
for par,, but dropped a shot at 
the fifth. He was twice In 
rough on the way to the green, 
chipped to within 12 feet but 
two putted, the vast crowd on 
the huge banks around the 
green so silent you could hear 
nothing but the gentle zephyr 
in your our ears. 

He got even again at the 
eighth, holing from seven feet 
for a birdie and was striding 
confidently between holes. 
Such an afternoon it was that 
at the picturesque ninth the 
lighthouse keeper’s wife's 
wishing could be seen drying 
in the sun as they both 
attacked that difficult, lofted, 
narrow fairway. Both were off 
to the right, Norman over- 
dubbed on his second shot 
through the back of the green 
and was lucky that the stew- 
ard, finding his bail unplay- 
able dose to the spectator 
stand, gave him a free drop on 
an incorrect area that gave 
him an easier recovery; and be 
got his par four, chipping to 
five feet. 

He sank an important eight 
foot pun at the tenth, only 
then to lose a stroke at the 
eleventh to go back to one 
over at a time when ft seemed 
that Langer, playing out ahead 
and hitting a siring of three 
birdies, might be closing on 
him. Nakajima. pursing his 
lips and blowing through them 
whenever he made an error, 
was not playing well enough 
ever to unsettle his partner, 

. being now five over. 

At the 14th, Norman got 
back to level with a 
champion's stroke. In short 
rough to the right on his drive, 
he hit a glorious long iron over 
the bunker and to the front of 
the green to leave his ball four 
feet from the pin and holed the 
putt With a private smile he 
handed the ball to his caddie 
with a gesture that showed any 
worries were now behind him. 

He struck another such 
brilliant iron, again from 
rough to the right, clearing the 
bum and leaving his ball five 
yards from the flag on the 
!6th. With Nakajima in the 
bum and obliged to drop, 
Norman could sit relaxed on 
the green having a chat He 
was heading for the trophy 
and now without the remotest 
pressure, for he had five shots 
to spare with two holes to 

The crowd was almost total- 
ly out of control down the 
fairways of the last two holes 
and approaching the 18th the 
final pair ted to fight their 
way through a cordon of 
spectators 30 yards deep who 
had rushed to take up position 
across the fairway. Nakajima 
emerged with an almost apol- 
ogetic liule wave and touch of 
his peak. Norman with a 
broad, expansive two-handed 
Aussie wave. "Have a 
CastlemaineP’ shouted a voice 
from the stands. He'll have 
had more than that. I've no 

courageous players in the 
game than this 5ft 4 'Ain 
Welshman and he now under- 
lined his resilience. He coaxed 
in a putt of six feet for a birdie 
at the 14$u then reached the 
long 17th with two fine blows 
for another. 

That recovery was sufficient 
for Woosnam to share third 
place with Langer. The West 
German, who had learnt the 
previous evening as he dined 
in the Turn berry Hold that 
his wife, Viklri, had given 
birth to a girt, Jackie Carol, 
had moved through the field 
with three birdies in four boles 
from the 10th. 

His effort came too late to 

.oiled to make a serious 
challenge as his putter -be- 
trayed him, but Langer was 
there at the end to spray the 
conquering Australian with 

The only problem for Nor- 
man came when he was 
separated from his wife, Lau- 
ra, as he left the 18th green 
with the spectators eager to 
congratulate the man who had 
followed in the footsteps of 
Severiano Ballesteros and 
Sandy Lyle as the Americans 
were once more eclipsed. 

In feet, Ballesteros came 
through with a closing 64 to 
share sixth place with the 
American Gary Koch (71) on 
288. Ballesteros was critical of 
the way the Royal and Ancient 
had set up the course, but be 
will be the first to acknowl- 
edge that Norman 
worthy winner. 

Norman said afterwards 
“To me winning a major 
championship had not be- 
come a barrier. I knew I could 
do it one day and it is a great 
feeling to have done it here. 
Outside of Australia it was in 
Europe that I was first accept- 
ed as a potential champion.” 

was a 




(Great Britain and Ireland unless 


' G NORMAN (Aim). 74, S3, 74, 69 


GJ BRAND. 71, 68. 75. 71 


B LANGER (WGL72, 70.76. 68 
I WOOSNAM. 70 .74, 70. 72 




S BALLESTEROS {Sp), 76, 75. 73, 64 
G KOCH (US), 73, 7 



B MARCHBANK, 78. 70. 72. 69 
F ZOELLER (US). 75. 73. 72, 89 
T NAKAJIMA fjpnj, 74, 67, 71. 77 


C O'CONNOR JNR. 75. 71 . 75. 89 

D GRAHAM (Aus). 75, 73,70,72 
J-M CAN IZAR ES (Sp). 76. 68. 73. 73 


A BEAN (US). 74, 73, 73, 71 


A FORSBRAND (Swv). 71.73,77.71 

4 M OLAZABAL (Sp) 78. 69 ,72. 73 

R FLOYD (US). : 


B CHARLES (NZL 76. 72. 73. 72 
M PINERO (Sp) 78. 71, 70. 74 


R RAFFERTY, 75. 74. 75. TO 
D COOPER. 72. 79, 72. 71 
V SOMERS {AusL 73. 77. 72. 72 
B CRENSHAW (US), 77. 69. 75. 73 
O EDWARDS (US). 77. 73, 70. 74 
R LEE. 7 VTO. 75. 73 
P PARKIN, 78,70.72,74 
V FERNANDEZ (AraL 76. 70 .71. 75 
S TORRANCE 78. 69. 71. 78 


J MAHAFFEY (US). 75. 73. 75. 72 

I STANLEY (Aus). 72.74,78, 71_ 

. . n), 77, 73, 73. 72 
D WBBRING (USL 75. 70, 76. 74 
SLYL£, 78.73,70. 74 


WATSON (US) 77. 71. 77. 71 
R CHAPMAN, 74, 71. 78, 73 

A BROOKS. 72. 73. 77. 74 
R COM MANS (US). 72, 77. 73. 74 
G TURNER (Ng. 73. 71 . 75. 77 
M JAMES. 75. 73. 73. 75 
P STEWART (US). 76. 63. 75. 76 
G PLAYER (SA). 75. 72. 73. 76 


R MALTBIE (US. 78. 71. 76. 72 
- M O'MEARA tU* 80. 69. 74. 74 
HOMING CHUNG (TM). 77, 74. 69. 77 


M O'GRADY (USL 76, 75, 77. TO 
J NICKLAUS raSi78. 73. 76, 71 
T CHARNLEY. 77. 73. 76. 72 
F COUPLES (US), 78. 73, 75. 72 

M CLAYTON jAtisj. 76. 74.75.73 

J HAWKES tSAl, 78. 73. 72. 75 
LU HS1 CHEN {TAIL 80- 69- 73. 76 

C MASON. 76. 73. 73. 78 
B TWAY (US), 74, 71. 76.77 
T ARMOUR (USL 76. TO. 75. 77 


S RANDOLPH (US). 72. 75. 77. 75 
G MARSH (AusL 79. 71. 75. 75 


M MCNULTY (SAL 80. 71. 79, 71 
L TREVINO (US). 80, 71. 75. 75 
E DARCY. 76, 75. 75. 7S 
M MflCKENZlE. 79, 70. 77. 75 
T LAMORE (USL 76. 71 .77. 77 


A CHANDLER, 78. 72. 78.74 
J H6GGAKTY 75. 72. 80. 75 
M GRAY. 75. 76. 76. 75 


SSIMPSON^SL 78. 71. 75. 78 


O MOORE (Aus) 76. 74. 79, 74 
3 SS) 80. 71. 77. 




R DRUMMOND. 76, 74. 77. 78 


THORTON. 77. 73. 82. 74 


G WEIR. 78. 69. 80. 80 


K MOE (US) 76. 74. 82. 82 
'H Green (US) withdraw 

Supporting act: Bruno exits as Witherspoon steals the show (Photograph: Chris Smith) 


Athey is retained as Moxon 
joins the openers’ dub 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

Each match England play at 
the moment incorporates a 
trial to find the test opening 
partner for Gooch. For the 
first Test match against New 
Zealand at Lord’s on Thurs- 
day, sponsored by Corn hill be 
has been given Martyn Moxon 


other cap, and French and 
Radford return after being left 
out of the one-day side. 

Already this season Gooch 
has taken Fowler. Robinson, 
Slack, Benson and Athey in 
with him, as be would 
Lariuns, but for injury. There 
are, believe it or not, 26 
current county cricketers who 
have opened the England 
innings at some time or other, 
either in Test matches or one- 
day internationals. Can any- 
one write them all down 
without having lo resort to 
reference books? (The list is 
on page 28.) 

Moxon probably owes his 
selection to his two centuries 
(123 and 112 not out) for 
Yorkshire against the Indians 
last weekend, when the Indi- 
ans were winding down after 
the Test series. Athey owes his 
to his unbeaten 142 in last 
Friday's one-day international 
against the New Zealanders. 

I hope they really are more 
than accomplished county 
players. Athey obviously 
looked it at Old Trafford ana 
he has scored well since 
finding himself happier play- 
ing for Gloucestershire than 
for his native county; but his 
Test record (95 runs in 10 
innings) must seem like a 
millstone round his neck. 
Moxon. for his part, made a 
100 in his first first-class 
match, in 1981, since when he 
has come along steadily, if no 
more than that. Having stud- 
ied under Boycott, they both 
know, to their advantage, that 
the way to accumulation is 
through concentration. 

Injuries play a great part in 
these things. If Benson had not 

had a stiff neck last Friday 
morning, Athey would proba- 
bly not have had the chance to 
play the wholly admirable 
innings that has kept him in 
the side. Now Benson is out of 
it, having himself been chosen 
in the first place only because 
Larkins was injured. It was an 
injury, too, that kept Moxon 
wafting until now for his Test 
cap: he was chosen to play 
against West Indies at Lord’s 
two years ago but had to cry 
off with a broken rib. 

The selectors can certainly 
not be accused any more of 
failing to ring the changes, 
though I have a feeling that 
when the time comes . to 
choose the side for Australia 
they will go bade to Robinson. 
They have said that Moxon 
will open on Thursday, with 

Test 12 


G A Gooch . 

M D Moxon (Y 



CWJ Athey (Gtoucs) 

*8T (LBicestorshke) 

D l Gower 
DR Pringle 

J E Emburey (Middle: 
in French (Notts) 

tBN . . 

P H Edmonds /Middlesex) 
G R I " 
















Athey at No 3. Had the side 
been chosen 24 hours laier — 
on Saturday night, that is, 
rather than Friday night — I 
fancy Athey might be going in 
first, where, after afi. he made 
his big score at Old Trafford, 
and that Robin Bailor would 
have got in ahead of Moxon. It 
is not an unattractive habit 
that Bailey is cultivating of 
making undefeated double- 
centuries on Saturday after- 
noons. He has done it on two 
of the last five — against 
Yorkshire and Glamorgan. • 
Radford has been spared 
membership of the club for 
those who nave played in only 
one Test match. He must have 
feared differently after his 
bowling against India at 

Edgbaston; but it makes sense 
to gjve him another chance, 
albeit .at the expense, of 

Radford, tried to bowl -too 
fast then, as I gather he has 
tended to do this season when 
a selector has been sighted at 
Worcester, If Gatting can get 
him to relax, and to bowl ashe 
naturally and normally does, 
be could yet do a useful job for 

Foster stays in, moreon the 
strength of his bowling in the 
second innings of the last Test 
against India than his record 
at Lord's, where in three Test 
matches he has taken two for 
240 in 69 overs. Of the other 
contenders for the fast bowl- 
ing places, Lawrence has been 
rather over-shadowed by 
Walsh, his opening partner for 
Gloucestershire, and Thomas 
spent last week bowling at 
batsmen smashing their way 
to double-centuries. Small of 
Warwickshire, has recently 
been more successful than, 
either of them. 

But it is the batting of the 
side that may keep Gatting 
awake at night. We simply 
cannot go on having Emburey 
at No 7, followed by the other 
bowlers and French. New 
Zealand, as India did, are 
going to have ra uch the greater 
depth in batting. On Thursday 
England" will have a No 3 with 
a Test average of 10, an 
opening batsman playing in 
his first Test match and a No 
6. Pringle, with only one 50 in 
23 Test innings and a Test 
average of 1 9. . 

The onus on Gooch; Gower 
and Gatting is unreasonable, 
especially when New Zealand 
have in Richard Hadlee just 
about the best bowler, as 
distinct from the most fear- 
some, in the game. A way of 
relieving it would have been to 
bring in another all-rounder, 
and I. am sorry that has not 
been done. 


LeMond achieves a dream 

From John Wilcockson, Col dn Granon, Serre Chevalier 

Greg LeMond, the 26-year- 
old American, yesterday 
achieved a teenage dream by 
becoming the overall leader of 
the Tour de France. 

“1 feel very proud to be the 
first American to wear the 
yellow jersey.” he said after 
finishing the 17th stage at the 
8.000ft summit of the Col du 
Granon alongside the admira- 
ble Swiss rider, Urs Zimmer- 
mann. who moved into 
second place overall. 

The overnight leader, Ber- 
nard Hinault. LeMond's 
reach team colleague, fin- 
ished more than three minutes 
later and finally had to con- 
cede that his ageing legs 
cannot withstand the de- 
mands of climbing the high 

Robert Millar had been 
expected to match LeMond on 
his magnificent stage. He is 
still leading the King of the 
Mountains competition, but 
the ScoL's high hopes were 
wrecked when he was delayed 

by a crash at a critical moment 
in the race. 

Millar had topped the spec- 
tacular Izoard Pass ahead of 
LeMond, with less than 25 
miles to go. Hinault had 
already been dropped and was 
roughly two minutes behind 
when LeMond took charge of 
the descent 

The American went a few 
yards clear, with Zimmer- 
mann chasing him, when a 
French rider Eric Caritoux 
went into a hairpin turn too- 
quickly and crashed. Millar 
had to stop and by the time he 
took up the chase he was 
almost 30 seconds behind. 

“I had lo do all the leading 
from then on.” said Millar, 
who reached the final, destruc- 
tive climb of the Granon more 
than one minute behind 
LeMond and Zimmermann. T5aM . 

It seemed almost incidental ft h 

that the stage was won by an- l&29;lO,SRb 
opportunistic Spaniard, 

Eduardo Chozas. who had 

raring and taken a lead of 20 
minutes by the first climb. It 
was a fine athletic achieve- 
ment by Chozas to stay out 
for * 

alone for almost 100 miles, 
but the six minutes be gained 
only increased his overall 
placing from 24th to 13th.- 
RESULTS: Stage 17,. Gap to Sam 
CtwraBerflia mites): 1 , f= Chozas 
(BPb Shr52irtn 52sec; 2,UZimmer- 
.mam (Swttz), at 6mm 26sec: 3, G 
LeMond (US), same time; 4. S 
Cabrera (Co)), at &3S; 5, P Delgado 
(Sp). at 7:23.- 6. E Puerto (Sp)at8^ 

7, A Hampsten (US), attfcS* 8, C 

gx^etion (Seft, at 933; 9. Y Madiot 
(F»), at &35; fh C Mottet (Fr), at 
ftS). Other plating* 12, R Millar 


In the early hours of yester- 



after Jus defeat , by. Tj®‘ 

ins Associativa beayyin^tf . 

champion, with an ice bag oa» 
his distorted foce, a grotesque 
reminder off II grneflmg. 

Cameras were not allowed to 
feok on his fece; only the Press^ 
were allowed to talk to him. 
His top Bp hong like r;iram! 
on * hook- Dtrk «lp 
covered hfe eyes. Bnnosfi®*, 
Dy had gone home. Mm 
Brand, . the boxer’s motife 
leaving the throng with dr 
cryptic words; -‘Today is Ho-’ 
day. Tomorrow is tomorrow^* 

Bruno and Tory l**riegs£ 
bit manager, pondered - thr 
tomorrow, wondering, fife 
haps, efefler, tfc 
that Lawless threw in hat; tire* 
eleventh round,. to thnarjR-. 
this game -which had turned a 1 
strikingly sculptated lace info - 


f . ;■ 

ft Vi- 


•' v L ‘- - 

■ One conld"isrfes^ffl^>wfe. 
Brimo wasfomidbg of sfe 
ting. Jfis final memaries.of hfe? 
challenge for the WBA 
weight championship were-of' 
being dabbed over and over 
again by the American uatiL,- 
cowering involuntarily, fee. 
sank sensefessfe the canvas; » 

■rvv ...- 



l 1 * 



Now not the time* 

For a while afterwards! if 
seemed that Brtmo had ftraot- 
cen that foe 10 rounds hejiad. 
net oulygfven the best pedfe 
manoe of Mi career, bnt injafe 
bowing to the champion, he . 
had been born again, baptized 
nod confirmed as a^wmjd j 
contender. Now was notfoe w 
time forretiringbntthe time to 

In the dressing room oppo- 
site, the champion, with his 
left eye half dosed, was Burs- 
isg lus memento of the fight 
with an ice hag on his neck. 
“Brimo hint me' when hie hit 
me. with a rabbit punch,” be 
said, revealing a huge swelling 
on die - hack of Isis head as 
large as the lompon the right 
side of Bruno’s fius. 

Slim Robinson, 

Witherspoon’s trainer, said: 
“Going into the derenth round 
Idld notknow whether Tiunfiy 
was in front and I told him that 

jpo have to win the whet five ^ 
tbmtts or knock him ouC 1 •^hBrmM's down- 
tidi, came in die eleventh 
round past one round further 
than his last, similar defeat 
against “Bonemisher” Smith, 
in those last three ndimtes 
uno had travelled .further 
than in all his other 29 bouts 
pot together. ^ • 

Bruno was unrecognizable 
as the man defeated by 
Bonecrasher. Then he looked 
a noricB. Now he had hajfd- 
ened up into U true profession- 
al. He did not pie.eroa@4lM 
used the ring well; he blocked 
and parried and also shaped 
well into his shots to foe body. 
Above all he came^ y hack 
strongly after ^ being hifeon 
many occasions. - ' J * 

^ * 
j: 1 

: v ->i 










3133 Acr ' 




53*3, re 




• •' 1 
' ! A '\ 

3 &5snc . 




Professional triclfr 
thrown in > . 

villas on 

Bruno refined to be over-, 
awed by foe champion, who 
had expected him to .freeze 
under his assault in foe first 
seven rounds.- But Bruno not 
only carried the fightr* to 
Witherspoon. forougMTtbe 
first Ift rounds, be threw itf all 
the professionaltricksof hold- 
ing and spoiling as weft. At foe 
end, many thought font Brians 
was ahead although in tact the 
judges bad him traftiim'fay 
three rounds. 

The big difference b etrocn 

foe two men was that Bruno, ad 
31h against 
Witherspoon’s I fist 401b, was 
always stretched to foe limit hi 
trying to match punches' with, 
the cfeamphm.'Witfees-^fe, 
ou foe other hand, was. Very 
much in control throughout 
and round after roufefr 
creasfethe; pressure,: ever 
pushing the chafienger ^to- 
wards . unknown territory* 
Bruno had never gone beyond 
round 10 ; - - •/ v 

Witherspoon;, - looking jt- 
markably fit add not sporting 
a sto mach as expected, drew 
Bruno ' into dose B gfcrtmr- 
Whereas ■ Brimo ■■ cball^^y 
lean on Wifoerspoon and ife 
and caffhiih because of lade el 
leverage, Witherspoon Has 
aUe to find foe room to Jnnt 
Bnrao with whiplash. Mows, 


ropes to do so. 

si . 

(GBj, at 9M7; ; 54. P Anderaon 

56; 69. M Earley.dre), af 

83. S Yates (Qg r to2kS8i.121 ( ,S 



28:49; 737, P 
30:36. Overall 1, 

at Z24: 3. Hinault St 247; 4,.MUter, 
at 6.19; 5, Dotoado. at 830; 6. 
Hampsten. at 1020; 7.. R Pansac 
8, Crtqufefiorv St 
Ruffiman (Swift), at 
Rooks (MWh). at 17:11. 

S8Sfsf*-' s,i 

__ ar.07.-47;' 63. 

escaped after only 23 miles pf mi-3130; i £ 

mance was foe result of a 

Lawless, .who dU it aff in 
secret in their fmn)iny Town 
arm. after studylflg Tidfes of 
WrtbCT^oon's contests. It was 
not surprfeiqg. that [after, foe 
bouc,' ■ Dos Sag,. file 'American 
promoter who -is jnwiiiKjdie 
senes to world 

.hravywg^t ■ title,sald be, WUS 
delight: I . with Bromf s.b 0 Xla 2 
and that even- though be fore 
lost Bmpo would betfrefifoe 
first tot at. foe true 
in 18- mon ths* tfiw- 





v% 8 i ».***«