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-No 62,515 



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> J3 L. 4 «C^ 

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call for 

Palace ‘leak’ 


^c-£ >u Conservative 

day demanded the dismissal 
*>*S.*3s £L advisers at Buckingham 
Car L*^v?,\ Pa^ce who were behindthe 
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dismayed at Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher’s policy on South 

As MPs began their last 
week at Westminster before 
the summer recess,' concern 
among Tories at the risk of a 
constitutional crisis develop- 
ing between the Queen and the 
Prime Minister before the 
Commonwealth summit was 

HarJ^T: matched by anger that senior 

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members of the Queen's staff 
had let her down by giving 
The Sunday Times an account 
of her alleged view of Mrs 
Thatcher's policies. 

Some Tory MPs claimed 
that the inspiration for the 
report, which stated that the 
Queen believes the Prime 
Minister's approach to be 
uncaring, confrontational and 
socially divisive, had come 
from figures in the Conserva- 
tive Party who were out to 
discredit their leader. 

Mr Michael Shea, the 
Queen’s Press Secretary, giv- 
ing a press briefing yesterday 
about tomorrow’s royal wed- 
ding arrangements, refused to 
answer questions about the 
reported rift or about the 
manner in which it was 

When a journalist said it 
had been suggested that- Mr 
Shea might be the ’mole’, he 
said: “I am simply not going to 
answer questions on this sub- 
ject here today." 

Asked whether the wedding 
would be maned by the 
controversy, he said: “1 am 
absolutely certain that it will 
not. I am sure k is going to be a 
happy day. The Royal Family 
are all looking forward to it 
enormously." . 

Mrs Thatcher yesterday had 
a brief discussion on the issue 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

MPs yester- at a Downing Street meeting 
with Lord whitelaw. Deputy 
Prime Minister. Mr John 
Wakeham Chief Whip, and 
Mr Norman Tebbit, party 

Downing Street yesterday 
maintained its refusal to com- 
ment on The Sunday Times 
report Mrs Thatcher will also 
follow her practice of not 
speaking about her relations 
with the Queen if pressed in 
the Commons ipday during 
question time. 

But the issue, which is 
causing huge embarrassment 


TUC call for faiu 


Tntn meets Botha 


Patrick Cosgrove 


Leading article 




Howe appeal 


in the Government and in 
royal circles, will certainly be 
raised when Mrs Thatcher 
meets the Queen for her 
regular audience at Bucking- 
ham Palace tonight They will 
meet again later in the evening 
at a dinner at the Palace in 
honour of Mrs Nancy Reagan, 
wife of the American 

Mr Ian Gow, Mrs 
Thatcher's former parliamen- 
tary private secretary and still 
one of her closest confidants, 
suggested yesterday that the 
report might be part of a wider 
Tory plot 

He said: “If the Sunday 
Times story is true — and I 
have to believe it is — then the 
person who gave this briefing 
to die. Sunday Times has 
behaved with massive 

“Bui there are certainly 
some grandees in the Tory 

Party who rejoice at the Prime 
Minister's discomfort That 
such grandees might have 
been in touch with a certain 
person at the Palace is some- 
thing which 1 cannot exclude ” 
A member of the executive 
of the 1922 Committee of 
Tory MPs said dial the Queen 
had been betrayed by some- 
one on her staff. “It would be 
surprising ifthe Queen did not 
have views on sanctions 
against South Africa, but 
defies belief to think that she 
would have wanted her views 
on this or any other matters to 
be made public in the way it 
was. She has been let down.” 

Other Conservative MPs 
were demanding that the cul- 
prit must be exposed. Mr 
Anthony Beaumont-Dark, 
MP for Birmingham Selly 
Oak, said: '‘Somebody must 
go. It is absolutely certain that 
if the Queen does not dismiss 
one or several of her advisers 
it will be dear that the leaks 
were with her blessing. 

“If they do not go the 
implications are that the 
Queen or some high member 
of the Royal Family sanc- 
tioned the leak.” 

Mr Nicholas Fairbaim. MP 
for Perth and Kinross, said: 
“If the sources are unimpeach- 
able as the editor of The 
Sunday Times says, then the 
sources must be impeached. It 
is a set-up. It is an attempt to 
cause the Prime Minister the 
maximum damage with the 
minimum scruples.” 

Mr John Stokes, MP for 
Halesowen and Stourbridge, 
sai± “Some people will stop at 
nothing to denigrate the Prime 

The crisis has given added 
significance to the Prime 
Minister’s traditional end-of- 
term address to the 1922 
Committee on Thursday 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize was won 
yesterday by Mr 
Oxfordshire. He 
receives £12,000, treble 
the usual amount, 
because no one had 
won on the two 
previous days. 

0 Portfolio list, page 
21; how to play, page 16 

i'rfWSii® 1 


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Guerrillas on 
the attack 

Action Direcie claimed re- 
sponsibility for a car bomb 
explosion outside the OECD 
offices in Paris. In Madrid, Eta 
were blamed for a rocket 
attack Reports, page 7 

Channel plea 

Sealink. the Channel ferry 
operator, is to seek up to £100 
million from the Government 
in compensation for loss of 
business caused by the pro- 
posed Channel tunnelPage 17 

r $i Life terms 



Sydney Noble, known as Dr- 

Death” because of the way he 
drugged elderly women. and 
stole from them, was given six 
life sentences Pages 

Degree results 

Degrees awarded by die uni- 
$*■ versifies of East Anglia and 
Sussex and first-class degrees 
: v ■ from the University of Waks 
are published today Page Z» 

-* . iv k 

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Hone Ne«s 2-5 
, Overseas 7,8 
V s Appts 51 

• *r' Arts 

-'v Births^eaths. 

. f\. marriages *7 
i-' Booms* 17-21 





/• Crosswords 1G,J8 

*\ Dory 13 



£g» Repot 

Sale Ream 

IS!" 2JW2 

Thwuxes^te 31 
TV & Radio 31 
Universities 28 
Weather to 

* ** * SL 

A£2m bill 
for boycott 

By Ronald Faux 
As the number of nations 
boycotting the Common- 
wealth Games in Edinburgh 
approached the halfway mark 
yesterday, Mr Robert Max- 
well, co-chairman of the 
Games announced that coun- 
tries boycotting the sports 
would receive a £2 million 

He said this would be for 
the cash shortage the “stay- 
aways” would cause. 

Mr Maxwell said the gov- 
ernments which had pulled 
out ofEdinburgh had caused a 
great deal of inconvenience 
and loss. “I have a financial 

Annette Cowley, the Sonth 
African-born swimmer, will 
learn today whether the High 
Court challenge to her Com- 
monwealth Games ban has 
been successful. 

Zola Bndd, the athlete, is 
awaiting the outcome of Miss 
Cowley’s case before deciding 
whether to take similar action. 

responsibility. This is a money 
matter not a sporting matter," 
he said. 

At present 1,670 competi- 
tors and officials from 28 01 
the 58 countries invited are in 
the Games village. 

At last night's count the 
maximum number of coun- 
irieslhat may be competing is 
31, although teams from Bru- 
nei, Grenada and Gibraltar 
have not yet arrived. 

Yesterday the boycotting 
nations rose to 27 as die 
Seychelles, Cyprus and Sn 
Lanka joined their ranks. _ 

The boycott over the British 
Government's refusal to im- 
pose sanctions against South 
Africa had already caused 
some Games sponsors to with- 
draw their backing and Mr 
Continued on page 16, col I 

£100m cut 
in one-off 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

A social security crackdown 
aimed at saving £100 million 
a year by curbing one-off 
payments for household goods 
was announced yesterday by 
Mr Antony Newton, Minister 
for Social Security. 

It provoked angry ex- 
changes in the Commons with 
Labour members accusing 
ministers of behaving dis- 
gracefully in robbing the poor 
to pay for tax cuts for the rich. 
A debate on the new Social 
Security Bill is to coincide 
with the royal wedding 

Mr Michael Meacher, La- 
bour spokesman on social 
services, said the move wonM 
cause “intense and wide- 
spread hardship” to the most 
vulnerable members of soci- 
ety. He branded it one of the 
harshest measures yet taken 
by the Government. 

Mr Newton said that the 
number of claims for items 
such as furniture and bedding 
from people on supplemen- 
tary benefit rose to four mil- 
lion at a cost of more than 
£300 million last year, four 
times the levels of 1979. The 
rate of payments per claimant 
had more than doubled over 
the same period. 

He told MPs: “It is increas- 
ingly perceived as unfair to 
others on incomes little or no 
higher than supplementary 
benefit, to whom no compara- 
ble help is available.” 

Under the Bill, such pay- 
ments would come out of the 
new social fond, but in the 
meantime the Government 
was tightening up the qualify- 
ing rules. From August 11, 
payments would only be made 
to those clearly in need such as 
pensioners, the sick and dis- 
continued on page 16, col 7 

Prince Andrew and Miss Sarah Ferguson talk about their future in a television programme on BBC and ITV tonight. 

The party 

hits City 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 
Shares and the pound fell 
sharply again yesterday amid 
mounting City coocera over 
the Government's electoral 
prospects. Doubts on the econ- 
omy also weighed heavily, 
despite a sharp rise in retail 
sales to new highs last month. 

Political uncertainties ap- 
pear to outweigh worries on 
the economy in the present 
nervousness on the financial 
markets. Mrs Thatcher's posi- 
tion on Sonth African sanc- 
tions, and the constitutional 
questions it has raised, have 
added to the doubts created by 
the Government’s poor show- 
ing in the Newcastle under 
Lyme by-election. 

These, and hints from the 
Chancellor, Mr Nigel Lawson. 

Retail sales soar 17 

Wall Street gain 18 

Stock Market report 19 

that Mrs Thatcher should aim 
for a 1988 election, have been 
interpreted as signs of the 
Government’s increasing 

The pound fell to a record 
low of 3.1806 against the 
mark, three pfennigs down on 
Friday’s close. The sterling 
index dropped by 0.2 to 73, its 
lowest since early March. 

Against a weak dollar, the 
pound's fall was restricted to a 
third of a cent, to $1.5010. 
Later, in New York, the pound 
closed at $1.4950, down 10 

The Financial Times 30- 
share index dropped by 19.1 
points to 1,276 3. According to 
calculations by the City infor- 
mation service Datastream, 
£4.4 billion was wiped off 
share values after a £33 
billion drop last Friday. 

Official figures showing a 
3.2 per cent jnmp in the 
volume of retail safes last 
month failed to cheer the 
markets. Retail sales recorded 
their largest monthly rise for 
four and a half years after two 
successive monthly declines. 

Sales were 53 per cent np 
on a year, earlier. Weekly 
spending last month averaged 
£1,740 million, compared with 
£1,680 million in May. The 
Continued on page 2, col 5 

Peres in Morocco. 

for peace talks 
with King Hassan 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

Mr Shimon Peres, the Israc- and explained that his corn- 

only a general 

li Prime Minister, flew to 
Morocco last night for a 
meeting with King Hassan. 
the current chairman of the 
Arab League. His small dele- 
gation. including some jour- 
nalists. slipped unnoticed out 
of Israel while most of the 
nation's leaders were at Ben 
Gurion Airport to watch the 
unveiling of the new Israeli 
Lavi fighter. 

Mr Peres arrived at Fez 
shortly before midnight local 
time and was expected to 
spend 48 hours largely in 
meetings with the King and 
his immediate advisers. 

A meeting between the two 
has long been suggested as a 
way of breaking the deadlock 
in the Middle East peace 
process. The King is known to 
have been in regular contact 
with Mr PCrcs. who has twice 
in the past met him — most 
recently in March. I9SI. The 
previous meetings, however, 
were held in secret ■ 

Last November the King 
went on record as saying he 
was ready to meet Mr Peres 
again “if he has a serious 
proposal to make”. The King 
said at the time that the Israeli 
leader had “sent word that he 
would like to see me. I replied 
that 1 would receive him with 
great pleasure, but fold him 
“you and I cannot be 

The following day, howev- 
er, the King, under intense 
pressure from the Arab 
League, withdrew his offer 

Mr Peres: Last chance for 
peace breakthrough. 

ments were only a 
indication that the Arab side 
was open to discussions. 

Since then Mr Peres has 
been increasingly frustrated by 
the lack of progress in the 
peace process. With only three 
months to go before he is due 
10 hand over as Prime Minis- 
ter to Mr Yitzhak Shamir, the 
Likud leader, he has been 
working hard behind the 
scenes fora breakthrough. 

With the clear failure of 
King Husain of Jordan to find 
a new- Palestinian leadership 
apart from the Palestine Lib- 
eration Organization to 
launch negotiations, and with 
Egypt dragging its feet on 
normalizing relations, the Is- 
raeli Prime Minister has de- 
spaired of making the 
breakthrough he wanted be- 
fore losing the premiership. 

He has therefore tried again 
with King Hassan. warning 
him that unless the Arab side 
Joeysomcuiins ^uiciLl; it 7. Ji 
be impossible far progress to 
bejnade towards a negotiated 
peace once Mr Shamir takes 

The King, who is consid- 
ered in Israel to be more 
understanding than most oth- 
er Arab leaders because of the 
large Jewish population in his 
country', has been helpful in 
the past. 

He made Moroccan soil 
available for the meeting be- 
tween Moshc Dayan and 
Hassan Tohami. which paved 
the way for President Sadat's 
historic journey to Jerusalem. 

Mr Hanna Siniora. a lead- 
ing Palestinian moderate who 
edits the East Jerusalem daily 
paper at-Fajr. last night com- 
pared the trip to Morocco with 
the journey of President Sadat 
as an historic move towards 

Hassan was to have visited 
Washington today for talks 
with President Reagan on 
Middle East developments 
but cancelled the trip on 
“medical advice” (Mohsin Ali 

Lavi unveiled, page 8 
Modal resigns, page 8 

Body on railway link 
to missing woman 

By Nicholas Beeston 
The body of a woman was doned off the steep oveignown 

discovered near a railway 
embankment in Hertfordshire 
yesterday, two miles from the 
home of Mrs Anne Lock, a 
sccrciaiy at London Weekend 
Television who disappeared 
two months ago. 

Police said the corpse was 
badly decomposed and posi- 
tive identification would only 
be possible this morning. 

The body was found half a 
mile from where Mrs Lock’s 
address book and diaiy were 
found early in the 

Hertfordshire police cor- 

embankment and a track near 
by as forensic experts combed 
the area for clues. 

Mrs Lock, aged 29, who 
lived in Brockmans Park, 
disappeared on on May 18 as 
she returned home late from 
work. She was supposed to 
catch a train from Finsbury 
Park to her home, but her 
husband, Mr Lawrence Lock, 
aged 26. a butcher, contacted 
police when she failed to 

The couple had been mar- 
ried four weeks when she 

TSB campaigns for a million buyers 

By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 

chant bank leading the flota- 
tion, dose to the launch date. 

The issue will be structured 
In two equal payments about 
12 months apart with the 
minimum investment set at a 
low' enough level to give a 
realistic opportunity for a very 
large number of people to boy 
TSB shares. Sir John said. 

TSB sources suggested that a 
likely level would be around 
£250, the minimnm set for the 
British Telecom share issue 

The bank will be taking 
steps to discourage multiple 
share applications and 
“stagging” — selling _ the 
shares shortly after the issue 
for a profit. About half the 

The Trustee Savings Bank 
announced yesterday the stort 
of a new publicity campa^n 
leading np to a mid-September 
stock market flotation when 
die bank' hopes to attract more 
than a million share holders. 

The flotation, expected to be 

Post Office privatization hint 

outside the Government’s pri- Mr Channon. Secre- 
vatization tary of State for Trade and 

John Read, ^ industry, strongly hinted last 

n * 8 * 11 (^ce^which in 1116 P*® 1 uuaawuu jrou* 

compared with £144.4 million 
the Government has been re- 90405 

luctant to cdmmit itself 10 Record profit, page 2 



o fixed price which will be set 
by hazard Brothers, the mer- 

Mr Channon sent an unex- 
pected letter to Sir Ronald as 
the Post Office announced a 
record profit of£ 1 51 .5 million 
in the past financial year. 

issue will be reserved for staff 
and for customers of the bank 
who qualified for priority 
treatment in the allotment of 
shares. Five miUion out of a 
total of seven million custom- 
ers stand to qualify since they 
held accounts with the bank 
before September 17 1984. But 
eligible customers must still 
register with, the bank before 
this September S 

The issue is being publicized 
through a television and press 
advertising campaign costing 
about £5 million, with infor- 
mation packs available from 
TSB branches and a special 
Share information Office 
(teU)272 300 300). 

Kenneth Fleet, page 19 

hit by 
new quake 

Bishop, California (AH — 
An earthquake rumbled 
through a wide region of 
central California yesterday, 
destroying homes and opening 
fissures that stranded campers 
and swallowed a pickup lorry. 

There were no reports of 
injuries in the quake, the 
second in as many days in the 
area. It measured 6.2 on the 
Richter scale, and was cen- 
tered about 15 miles north of 
Bishop. It was followed seven 
minutes later by a 53. 

The quake was felt from Los 
Angeles, 225 -miles south of 
Bishop, to the San Francisco 
Bay area, some 225 miles 
away. Seismologists said it 
caused tali buildings to sway 
in Sail Lake City. Utah, some 
700 miles to the east. 

Twenty homes were dam- 
aged beyond repair in Bishop, 
and the town’s water supply 
was shut oft At Pleasant 
Valley, near Bishop, 50 camp- 
ers were stranded when a 
fissure opened in the earth. A 
parked pickup lorry fell into 
the gap. The Hot Creek bath- 
ing area, was dosed when 
inspectors found additional 
hot water coming through 

Yesterday's quake was on 
the Sierra fault system, the 
same fault system as Sunday’s 

Eruption fears, pageS 

before the 

By Alan Hamilton 
Major Ronald Ferguson, 
who as father of the bride has 
been relieved of the customary 
burden of paying for his 
daughter’s marriage, last 
night hosted his daughter. 
Prince Andrew, the Queen and 
other members of the royal 
family at a pre-wedding party 
mi Smith's Lawn, the polo 
ground in Windsor Great 

Earlier u the day tbe Prince 
and Miss Ferguson bad at- 





tended their final wedding 
rehearsal in Westminster Ab- 
bey, at which some brief 
consternation was caused by 
the arrival of the best man. 
Prince Edward, with his arm 
in a sling. 

The sight engendered in- 
tense speculation among the 
crowd of tonri$t5 and photog- 
raphers who had gathered 
outside for the supposedly 
secret rehearsal, but the true 
nature of the injury was re- 
ici led wfita -i’riuce Edward 
'reappeared afterwards with 
the sling on the other arm. 

Despite some heavy-handed 
hnmonr from the Queen’s 
press secretary, Mr Michael 
Shea, who speculated that 
Prince Edward may have been 
bitten by a kiwi during a recent 
visit to New Zealand, the 
wheeze was quickly rumbled 
by spectators as a royal prank. 

Ad unavoidable flavour of 
schmaltz is beginning to domi- 
nate the last furlongs of inn-up 
to the royal wedding, now only 
a day away. 

BBC television, which has 
recorded an interview with the 
couple jointly with 
independent television for 

Continued on page 16, col 5 


Wedding of 
the year 

The Times 

guide: four 
page pullout 

• The modem 
Royals: profiles of 
Andrew and Sarah 

0 Pomp and 
ceremony: who’s 
who in the 
procession, who sits 

Westminster Abbey, 
and full order of 


• From the Palace 
to the Abbey: 
illustrated map of 
the route and mil 
timetable . . 

• The armchair 
guest: detailed guide 
to television and 
radio coverage 


A right 
Royal day 

The Times* team of 
writers and 
photographers bring 
together the most 
vivid reports of a 
great day 






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b »; i 1 1 ' i ^»t*J »’.v 3 


* * ☆ * SL 

Channon hints at Post 
Office privatization 
after profit of £151m 

*$&?>**■ •" 

. a*-- 


*:• • . • •-■ 

By Sheila Gnnn, Political Staff 

Mr Paul Channon, Secre- 
tary of State for Trade and 
Industry, strongly hinted last 
night at plans to privatize 
parts of the Post Office, which 
the Government has been 
reluctant to commit itself to 
selling. . _ . 

But the go-ahead for its 
division into four services has 
been seen as a prelude to 
privatizing at least parts of it 

In a letter to Sir Ronald 
Dealing, who has been reap- 
pointed chairman of the Post 
Office, Mr Channon welcom- 
ed the setting up of Girobank 
as a public limited company. 

Mr Channon wrote: “I wish 
the (PO) board similarly to 
press ahead with the incorpo- 
ration of the counters business 
as a subsidiary company. 

“I wish the board to consid- 
er the further applicau'on of 
this principle to its other main 

“To ensure the most re* 

The Post Office's prime 
objective must be for maxi- 
mum efficiency “by all practi- 
cal means” he said. This 
would mean cutting staff and 
costs while maintaining the 
quality of its services. 

Mr Channon's unexpected 
letter to Sir Ronald came as 
the Post Office announced a 
record profit of£l 51.5 million 
in the past financial year, 
compared with £144.4 million 
in 1984-85. The corporation 
made a £136.8 million profit 
from postal services, and a 
profit of £19.4 million from 

Mr Channon also told Sir 
Ronald that the Post Office 
should make a profit each year 
in each of its separate busi- 
nesses. Prices should be sensi- 

record 11.2 billion inland 
tetters last year. Mail unit 
costs were reduced in real 
terms by 2.4 per cent and 
mote than 2,000 new jobs 
were created. 

But the corporation has 
proposed a lp rise in first and 
second c&ss mail from Octo- 
ber. It is proposed that the first 
class mail will rise to I8p, and 
second class to 13p. 

The Post Office has said the 
price of stamps may continue 
to rise unless the Government 
relaxes its financial con- ; 
straints, j 

The corporation had to 
repay £7(1 million debt to the 
Government in the last finan- 
cial year, and a further £90 
million this year. 

Sir Ronald said that the 

Gose vote 
on school 

Bar votes 

flits a 

, efflc 

canings coondl 

bly related to the costs of Post Office was due to spend 

supply and the market 
They should avoid cross- 
subsidy, particularly from mo- 
nopoly to competitive ac- 

>,*5 - 

\-V- -.v 

s * . 1 


sponsible and efficient use of tivities. 

resources I shall want contixt- Mr Alan Tuffin, general 

uaily to consider the possibili- 
ties for introducing private 
caoital into Post Office activi- 

capital into Post Office activi- 
ties and I should welcome 
your positive recommenda- 
tions in this area”. 

The lener is intended to 
convey Mr Channon's “think- 
ing” on the long term direc- 
tion of the Post Office. He 
emphasized that he did not 
want to change the relation- 
ship between the Government 
and the PO. 

secretary of the Union of 
Communication Workers, 
yesterday said Post Office 
workers should receive addi- 
tional benefit because of their 
contribution to profits. 

“The post business made a 
smaller profit this year than in 
1985, however Post Office 
counter profit rocketed to 
£26.4 million as compared 
with the previous year’s figure 
of £5.7 million”, be said. 

The Post Office handled a 

more than £250 million on 
automation in in the next five 
years and must ensure that its 
plans are not curtailed by 
shortage of money. _ 

About £200 million would 
be spent on computers while 
the rest would go on equipping 
2,000 post offices with elec- 
tronic terminals. 

The annual payment to the 
Government has been the 
subject of much irritation at 
the Post Office. 

Mr Richard Rogers, die architect with the Legion ofHonoor medal he received yesterday at 
the French Embassy in London for his work on the Pompidou Centre in Paris. His design 
was chosen in a competition which attracted 680 entries (Photograph: John Manning). 

Wapping dispute 

London Post ‘sham’ denied 

By Nicholas Wood 

-Political Reporter 

Tonight’s Commons vote oa 
the abofitinn of corporal pun- 
ishment in Britain’s state 
sch oo ls is expected to le a 

The 219 Labour Members 
will be ander a threeJine whip 

to scrap the cane and they are 

likely to be joined in the 
division lobbies by some 25 
Alliance MPs and about 50 
Conservatives who have beer; 
riven a fine vote on an. issue 
flat has plagued education 
ministers since 1982. 

Much will depend on tim- 
ing. If the division is taken 

late, the ranks of Conservative 

supp o rt e rs of caning are likely 
to be depleted. Mr Kenneth 
Baker, Secretary of State for 
-Education, and Mr Chris Pat- 
ten and Mr Robert Dunn, his ' 
two junior ministers responsi- 
ble for schools, will be voting ; 
for the retention of. corporal , 
p unishme nt. 

Mr Baker believes decisions 
about the cane are best left to 
bead teachers, school govern- 
. ors, and parents. If the Loads 
amendment is thrown out, he 

Barristers in England and 
Wales have given overwhelm- 
ing backing to a plan to reform - 
radically ibe running of. their . 

^^Salional ballot; 1,896 
members of the Bar voted for 
change, with only 85. voting 
against '. : 

In a parallel poll on a plan to 
introduce compulsory profes-^ 
sional subscriptions, voting’', 
was 1,831 in favour anil 150 , 
against. . ... : „ 

The ballot on ' the reform , 
plan wan called for last month ■ 
after an extraordinary general ■- 
meeting of the Bar gave its 
approval to the change.'. - ‘ 

The plan proposes that .the - 

present confusing system, .un- 
der which leadership of the . 

profession is split be tween the 
Senate of the Inns of Court 

and the Bar and the -Bar , 
Council, . should .be 'swept - 
away. • . _ - ' . 

The way is now open for toe . 
formation of a single, directly- 1 
elected 93-member Bar Coon- , 
ciL to begin work next ' 
January. - v 

The change will put more - 
power into the -hands of’ 
practising barristers and less - 
in the hands of the judges^ 
whose- influence was strongly - 
felt in toe Senate. 

By Tim Jones 

• Special stamps to celebrate 
the wedding of Prince Andrew 
and Miss Sarah Ferguson 
tomorrow will be available at 
ail post offices from today. 

Denning wins his fight 
over royal dockyards 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

to recess 

Lord Denning, toe former 
Master of the Rolls, has won 
his one-man battle to weaken 
the Government’s legislation 
to privatize toe royal dock- 
yards at Rosyth and 

After days of strong pres- 

sure from foe Government be crown service. 

unions were merely given the 
power to take the Govern- 
ment to an industrial tribunal 
if it flouted toe consultation 
process set out in some ob- 
scure government regulations 
governing the compulsory 
transfer of employees out of 

has refused to tone down his 
amendment to the Dockyard 

The maximum penalty toe 
tribunal could impose was the 

Services Bill which will give payment of two weeks’ pay to 
the trade unions such compre- each employee. Lord Denning 

hensive consultation rights believed that this gave the 
that they could delay privati- Government a way out. 

zation beyond the next general 

Now, after his final meeting 
with Lord Trefgarae, Minister 

Instead, in toe negotiations f or Defence Procurement, and 
he has had with government senior Ministry of Defence 

■ ■ - ui. «i mu m- ■ ■ « ■ * 

ministers to enable toe Bill to officials he has secured a 
get-through Parliament this means - of curtailing the 

week. Lord Denning has 
strengthened the consultation 
process try giving the unions 

has Government's only way of by- 
tion passing the consultations, 
ons He was able to do so 

power to take the Govern- because without his consent 
ment to toe High Court, where there was a severe risk of a 

it could be directed to cany, further defeat for the Goveni- 
out statutory consultations. ment and the possibility that 
Under toe amendment car- the Bill would not get Royal 
tied in toe Lords on July 10 Assent before the summer; 

Labour and Liberal MPs 
warned last night that they 
will try to stop the Commons 
rising on Friday unless time is 
given to debate the report into 
the Westland affair. 

The report, by the all-party 
defence committee, is doe to be 
published on Thursday. It is 
understood to be critical of the 
role of Sir Michael Hams, 
toe Attorney-General, Sir 
Robert Armstrong, the Cabi- 
net Secretary, Mr Bernard 
In gham, toe Prime Minister’s 
'Press Secretary, and former 
Ministers and officials. 

The findings will reflect on 
Mrs Margaret - Thatcher's 
handling of toe crisis. 

Mr Alan Williams, 
Labour’s deputy spokesman 
on Commons’ affairs, said in 
foe House that Sir Michael 
might -betforced to resign if it 
emerged he approved the cha-. 
rade of setting np a leak, 
inquiry when be already knew 
its result. 

Parliament, page 4 | 

Mr Charles Wilson, editor 
of The Times, strongly denied 
in a High Court statement 
yesterday that plans by Mr 
Rupert Murdoch to produce a 
new London evening newspa- 
per were a “sham” to deceive 
prim unions. 

The affidavit was read by 
Mr Anthony Grabiner QC on 
toe eighth day of News 
International's attempt to 
curb what it says is unlawful 
picketing, marches and dem- 
onstrations outside its new 
plant at Wapping, east Lon- 
don, and other premises 
owned by the company or its 

Mr Grabiner produced a 
“dummy” copy of the newspa- 
per in court as proof of the 
serious intent to launch it on a 
commercial basis. 

Mr Wilson said in his 
affidavit: “I never had any 
doubt that it was the group's 
intention to produce The Post 
1 conceived a newspaper that 1 
thought would be successful 
and it was real to me in every 

Mr Wilson, who became 
editorial director of The Post , 
later renamed The London 
Post, outlined the steps taken 
to launch the publication. 

Once toe news of toe new 
newspaper had leaked out, he 
said, there was an avalanche 
-of applications from journal- 
ists from Fleet Street, the 
provinces and abroad. It was 

clear that he could put togeth- 
er a formidable staff 

Mr Justice Stuart-Smito is 
being asked to giant injunc- 
tions banning the print 
unions, Sogat '82 and the 
National Graphical Associa- 
tion, plus a number of named 
officials, from staging any- 
thing but a lawful picket of six 
people at the plant where The 
Times, The Sunday Times, 
The Sun and News of the 
World are produced. 

Mr Bruce Matthews, man- 
aging director of News Inter- 
national, referred in an 
affidavit to the serious intent 
of launching a new evening 
newspaper to compete with 
the Evening Standard. 

But, he said, after toe strike 
by print workers in January of 
this year, it was “obvious that 
distribution of an evening 
newspaper in London would 
be particularly vulnerable to 
disruption or even 

He said toe Wapping plant 
was not conceived or built for 
its present purpose. In spite of 
toe measures taken as part of 
contingency plans it was obvi- 
ous to him and his board that 
to add another newspaper at- 
that stage would have exacer- 
bated the problems. 

Consequently, he said, toe 
project for a new London 
evening newspaper had been 
put “on toe back burner". 

Mr John Hendy, represent- .. 
ing Mr ..Michael Hicks, a 
prominent member of Sogat, 

said tha t far from encouraging 
unlawful acts outside toe 
Wapping plant, Mr Hicks had 
consistently appealed. for 
peaceful and dignified 
protests- . . , 

Mr Hendy said he wished to 
emphasize that, other than 
lawfully demonstrating and 
picketing, the print workers 
had no effective means of 
pursuing the dispute. 

There were 5,500 of them 
and just to have six pickets 
was a “worthless right” as 
people going into toe plant did 
not stop. 

It was, said Mr Hendy, a 
matter of importance to print ; 
workers to attend toe picket 
lines and demonstrations out- 
side the Wapping plant in 
order to reach a fair and just 
settlement of toe dispute. Mr 
Hendy said toe pickets were 
kept well away from toe 
entrance to toe plant and he 
invited the judge to visit the 
site to see for himseff Mr 
Justice Stuan-Sirrith indicated 
he did not feel that would be 

this effect. But he wul still faro r., - cwta 
the probfem of complying with «* f . 

SSsSRESS Waitress is 
KSBSSS*"*: discharged 

Inst night Mr Robert Key, „Miss Com* L^rte^ aged 


SSwtvs ssseSS 

s 3 ed by “romantic mem- istraus after being [accused of 
ones” of then- schooldays and conspiring to contravene the 

0th ha; 

royal ap] 

voted to keep the cane they [-Firearms Art: • - 

would prow an “embarrass - 1 PtojjP Ql la ^ m, agedJS, 
.■» *» today's public 1 unemoloved. of Esk House, 

ment” to today's panne 

“It is hard to find a single 

unemployed, of Esk House, 
British Street, Bow, east Lon- . 
don, - was discharged on toe ; 
same offence but remanded in 

Lr , . ■ l same uuguw uui itununaw »*» 

pabnc school where the anew custody for a week charged 
in me and anv head or l T 7 v ^r A - .. JZT 

SS^Si s-tStZ 

master win tell you that the cp«ci‘no 9 firearm with intent to 

SffSTSSStt; =*SS2S3v: 

those schools has seen an en- , 

ormons advance on days gone iLlderly ma» •■. • ; 
A group of at least 17 til murder link ; 


Education Bill to try to further ~ 

tighten toe law on sex ednea- ' 

tom by gmng parents toe right “ 

to withdraw toeir childrai bed yesteiday. 
from ciich ^ P°bce believe that Mr - 

fromsmtoda^ - . - william -Downs, who was ■ 

Mr Bnmvds said: ^1 am found - at his home in * 
seekuqf to jive . parents toe ; stockweff may be the seventh - 
Kdusive right of withdrawing yfctifo; after fog discovery of - 
beirchfldreDfrom scxeduca- : the body of Mr Trevor Thom- - 

Elderly man 
in murder link 

• A man was remanded until 
July 29 at- Thames 
Magistrates’ Court yesterday 
accused of punching a police 
horse in toe mouth during a 
demonstration at the 
Wapping plant on May 3. ■ 
David Jenkins, aged 43, a’ 
building attendant, of Matilda 
House, Wapping Street, Step- 
ney. east London, denies the 

Detectives investigating the 
murder by strangulation . of 
five elderly pensioners in 
south London are studying a - 

.tron by gning parents the right 
to withdraw their chfldren 
from such classes^ 

Mr Brninveis said: *1 am 
seeking to grre parents the 
exclusive right of witodrawing 
tbeir. children from. sex educa- 

Sabina tato folds 

or unChnstiaa. ■ j h om? on ^ est^ 

- The Government Is expect- 
ed to reject the amendment be- - 
cause it believes it would set a 
precedent- for puents object- 
ing to other aspects /of toe 
school currknlmn. 

Hatton job 
decision made 


Worid Iamous Brands -World femous Service 

Thel/^dding of thelfear 




Tighter curbs for 
disposal of waste 

By Rodney Cowtou 
Defence Correspondent 

By Our Political Staff 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Secre- One request, which was reject- 

The first flight of Britain’s 
experimental tighter aircraft 
has been delayed by a mechan- 
ical problem. 

It had been hoped that the 
aircraft would make its first 
flight at the end of May, but 
that became impossible be- 
cause of a strike at the British 
Aerospace plant at Warton, 
near Preston, Lancashire. 

The flight was postponed 
until this week, but last week a 
fruit was discovered in a set of 
hydraulic actuators while the 
aircraft was undergoing 
ground trials. 

British Aeropsace said yes- 
terday that toe flight would be 
delayed fora few more weeks, 
although the aircraft would 

taiy of State for the Environ- 
ment, promised tougher 
controls on waste manage- 
ment' yesterday after a site 
inspectors' report gave details 
of instances of unfenced tips 
containing lethal chemicals. 

In its second damning re- 
port, the Hazardous Waste 
Inspectorate complains of un- 
manned dumps, lack of in- 
spection, lack of control on 
imports of dangerous waste, 
contaminated heating-oils and 
no testing facilities at tips. 

Mr Ridley said that he 
accepted that higher standards 
must be achieved, and that 
proposals on tougher controls 
were almost ready to be put 
out for consultation. 

Inspectors are particularly 

appear at the Farn borough Air concerned at the five-fold rise 
Show in September as to 25,000 tonnes in imports of 

The Camera of theTfear 

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awarded the accolades of European Camera rfthelfear and toe choice of Minolta photo access ori es, in eluding AF 

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perfectly exposed .parfectiy focused shots QOQ WaflaraHMtonDei^^ 

evarybmo. Yfallace Heaton Price JtAJfcl photographs ©a the extra-special treatment Lbey deserve. 

! planned. 

The Experimental Aircraft 
Programme (EAP) has pro- 
duced a single aircraft de- 
signed to test toe use of highly 
advanced technologies, some 
of which could be incorporat- 
ed in -the multinational 
Eurofighter programme. 

The company emphasized 
that the fruit was relatively 
straightforward, requiring toe 
re-manufacture of some me- 
chanical parts. 

The delay has caused em- 
barrassment because of rivalry 
between the EAP and an 
experimental French aircraft, 
the Raphale, which made its 
first official flight about 
tendays ago. 

Earlier this month, a British 
Aerospace jet trainer; toe 
Hawk 200, which had been 

dangerous wastes in one year. 

ed, was to import 1,000 tonnes 
of contaminated soil from The 
Netherlands which had been 
hawked around Europe in 
search of a suitable tip. , 

Standards at British tips 
vary greatly, with many Welsh 
sites left unsupervised and 
badly fenced. Inspectors called 
for all sites to be surrounded 
by two strands of barbed wire 
and secure gates. 

In their analysis of heating 
oils, they said that one West 
Midlands contractor was sell- 
ing oil containing 21.1 per 
cent water. Other samples 
showed levels of chlorine 
which would give off hydro- 
chloric acid gas on 

Hazardous Waste Management: 
Ramshackle and Antediluvian} 
(Romney House, 43 Marsham 
Street, London SW1 3PY, free). 

Officials were yesterday tiy- - 
ing to reach Mr Derek Hatton, - - 
deputy leader of Liverpool ; 
City Council, who is on 
holiday in Spain, to tell him 
whether be still has a job. 

Two Labour councillors 
from Knowsley were expected ;■ 
to agree to a recommendation - 
to dismiss Mr Hatton from his 
£11,600 voluntary sector:.” 
liasion officer’s, job for “gross 
misconduct” after a discipline 
ary hearing. 

‘Snobbery’ of 
number plates 

Knife killing on Tube 
was self-defence 

Motorists who paid large > - 
sums for personalized number 
plates were branded as “vain 
and snobbish” by Mr Justice - 
Michael Davies in the Court . -• 
of Appeal in London 
yesterday. ■ . . - 

The court reduced from li 
months to six months a jail - 
term imposed on John Hojv-r*- 
aid Atkins, aged 40, for foig- -- 
ing plates. The court was told • ! - 
that Atkins had refunded cus- -* 

Reed charge < 

A charge against Oliver 3 
Reed, aged 48, the actor who. - 
was accused of causing actual 
bodily harm to a journalist 
who called at his home in 
Piukhurst Farm, Horsham * 
Road, Dorking, last Decern-' - ‘ 

fit? : 

•• h V 

! t 


: m 

. '-■< 


. jtegs 


-■ ^ M«Ti 

ber, was dropped at Dorking 
, Magistrates 7 Court yesterday. 

A judge halted a murder 
trial at toe Central Criminal 
Court yesterday, saying a bus 
conducter who stabbed a man 
on an Underground train had 
clearly acted In self-defence. 

Mr Justice Bn r eham acquit- 

The wounded man stag- 
gered bleeding from the tram 
at . Kensington High Street 
station and died within an 

Mr Alan Green, for the 
prosecution, said that Sum- 

S2: Everest ‘yes; 

ted Philip Cook, aged 41, of mers had been drinking heavi- 
Jansen Walk, Battersea, south ly and yelled racial taunts at 

Chinese authorities yester- 
day confirmed that the British 
Everest Expedition will re- 
cei ve visas to make ah attempt 
on the unclimbed. north-easi 




: IT* 


i -‘ 

London, who denied murder- 
ing Lynn Summers, aged 34, 
in November, 1984. 

Passengers on the packed 
train watched as the black 
defendant stabbed Summers, 
who was white, through the 

people on the platform, in- 
cluding Mr Cook. 

A fight broke out between 
them on the train, after Sum- 
mers was again abusive. 

“It appears Summers was 

Shot man held 


^cC .,,2 

1 available. 

adapted to a single-seat light heart with a penknife after 
fighter, crashed on one of its suffering a tirade of racial 
first flights. abuse. lhe court heard. 

the aggressor, bent on making 
trouble”, Mr Green said. Oth- 

A man aged 22j shot by a 
police marksman u Glasgow -- 
on Sunday, is likely to remain - 

in hospital for several days 

under guard. • 

er passengers intervened, bat : 
Summers threw them off 1 


‘Thatcher factor’ depresses City .J™?, 

Continued from page 1 

— HBSBUb- 


3he ( ^HfUlam^6e€U(m^ond 

World’s Leading Brands • 125 Years Expert Service • Free Local Delivery and Installation 
I Comprehensive Aftei^Sales Service • Rill Export Utilities to Phone/Maii Order Service 


value of sales was 9 per cent 
higher than in Jnne hist year. 

The surge in shop spending, 
explained by good weather and 
earlier-tiian-usufll shop sales, 
may have added to worrits on 
the economy. 

There is a widespread belief 
that, with ofl prices sharply 
down, big increases in pay and 
sluggish industrial output will 
be associated with balance-of- 
payments problems, The June 
jump in retail sales may have 

sucked in inure imports, exac- by over a pfennig toDM2J2, 
ertetiogthoedifBcilties. and to a record low of 154^0 
The pound has not yet feUen yens, 
by enough for the Treasury to The dollar has been pished 
consider tokirm firm actfon to down by fears of recession in 

sntmftfT it- Pifltfr nvrarflv ap* Aa pi_ a _ _ w . 


consider tokhm firm actfon to down by fears of iece^ in 
support it, either directly or the United States. Figures for 
through a raising of interest second-quarter gross watf pnpi 

nur gmfie ddfo oamat the 
.fan! l^asw of dyfag into an 


ra ^ s *. . . ’ product, whiefa are expected. to 

A lower rate mamst toe be dooniv, are due to be 
mark, of DM3 or DM3.10, is pubShrftote 

mntvliw! hi r tnonv n iw w im iefg »tl. . 

- 7 — t*wvAUM«a IWIMJa • 

regarded by many economists The fon in share prices has 

as more appropriate for Brit- not been confined teTLondon. 

i. , . Wall Street closed up L13 at. 

. The pound has been ensh- 1,779.1 L bet toe FAZ 

“T L779.1I, bet toe FAZ share 
;aa? by io&r g w«k- mdex in Frankfort fell by 13 

.IW«. VMtmlflV Hip llltllgr full ran .. J _ 

we qMtal W bi 
&»*Wtogfoyou forftejfoi 
••port -on wLidi oorcare 

,, ■, , , „ — PM CI4IUUI 

ness. Yesterday, the dollar fefl points to 589 J2, 





* *?£ 
r ^ v 

? 55 '». 

• * ? **.t3 

• sc..* ; 3 

, . " i.';* 

• »• ._ . 

.- y*- 

■ ifei 

'■ ^>>^V 

■ i •. 11 

' - ^ 

'>' £ *\i 


l - £k ? 

• *.s :■>'. ■V? 

-a 7 % 

; ;><\, N 


_ • : -.•zT 

•-*•<•• =*v~ 
^ tr.v ;•:... 

■ -* ■: + '■ X*. ~ 

' ;"w. 

• 1? 2 -X, •* 

•“■- ■; ±'. :- 

n-.- . . - 
• • l" v. -- • ^. 

- • »'• v i 

V'v-"-- j: - 

5<4-<. ' . ^_;, 

■«\"»:‘-.-,e :vj 

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U' * Vli » J 



*•- .-c:*? 

‘ r: V^¥ 

- • —■ v«.’ il fc 

.... _’-w'.£ 
— -" ” - .’" .' 

in murderi 

Hatton je 

, .i 

‘Snobbery i 
number pto 

☆ * ■<> * 

MPs say health service 
cuts are disguised 
as efficiency savings 

Th* ™,w.„ _ By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

mittee rSuk^d ““Bwwmw? programmes 

yesterday for uSnc Mt - include savings 

=£i «s» V& tS” ,he 

This year health authorities 

guise Of “efficiency ravines™ "TO' » . v . 

The rcbuke^nS^Mr wi ? 1 a W hea J th ^ authorities 
Norman Fowler * wfiTC aimm B for efficiency 

? IMe . ™ social Services, 

tel waiting lists by better use of 
existing resources. 

The Department of Health 

and Social Security was told 
by the public accounts com- 
mittee yesterday to tighten un 
its system of checking coa 
improvement programmes at 
all levels. Statutoiy auditors 

million on their £10 billion>a- 
year budget Bin much more 

use of could be done, the committee 
, . “To exploit opportuni- 

lealth ties for improved value for 
s told money to the full, it is vital 
com- that local managers are able to 
cn up leam from, and build on, the 
; cost experiences of their cor 
ies at elsewhere in the NHS." 
tutors Mr Fowler said in a Com- 

The report of the Conserva- 
tive-dominated committee 
supports previous claims by 
Labour MPs that value-for- 
money scrutinies were often 
used as an excuse to close 
hospital wards and cut staff. It 
is likely to be debated in the 
Commons during the next 

The committee backed en- 
thusiastically the hunt for 
improved efficiency. “But we 
cannot emphasize strongly 
enough that both the NHS and 
the department should keep 
fully to their policy that cost 

to look at waiting lists at every 
hospital in the country and 
come up with proposals by the 
end of October. 

Mr Fowler said waiting lists 
in England had come down 
from 752,422 in March 1979 
to 661,249 by September 
1985. But he said: “In some 
places and for some kinds of 
treatment people are having to 
wait too long." 

He said; "Experience in a 
number of districts who have 
acted to reduce their waiting 
lists has shown that reorgani- 
zation and better co-ordina- 

Health hazards of 
royal approval 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

The interests of the Prince been visiting some clinics and 
and Princess of Wales in enthusmgaboutthe'Mrnneso- 
medicine do not always have la method* of treatment." 
healthy results, a specialist in . .. .... .. .. 

addiction said yesterday. kke, virtually all 

Doctors can suffer the iroamients, the 

“spotted sock syndrome" in ^ w characterized 
which controversial forms of [f ck °* °} 

treatment become fashionable evaluation by those whi 

because of the royal couple’s 
involvement. Dr Colin Brew- 
er, director of an alcoholism 
treatment unit at Westminster 
Hospital, London, said. 

“The Princess of Wales only 
has to appear in spotted socks 
and millions of women change 
their appearance overnight. 
The Prince has a similar effect 
on doctors. 

“A few vague phrases about 
alternative medicine and a 
comparatively small and mar- 
ginal ' bandwagon suddenly 
gets very crowded with GPs 
and starts driving all over the 
place blowing its-hom.” 

Dr Brewer wrote in General 
Practitioner. “In the day's 
before scientific medicine it 
probably did not matter much 
because the royals were about 
as likely ter be right as the 
doctors. Where questions of 
effectiveness and risks are 
concerned that is no longer the 

“That is why I am a bit 
worried that the Princess, with 
her welcome interest in the 
young and the addictions, has 

Like virtually all “alter- 
native" treatments, the meth- 
od is characterized by “a 
complete lack of objective 
evaluation by those who intro- 
duced it, and (he blithe dis- 
missal of such important 
factors as spontaneous im- 
provement and the placebo 
effect". Dr Brewer said. 

The Minnesota method, 
practised in several private ad- 
diction clinics costing up to 
£200 a day. involves residen- 
tial courses of total abstention 
for alcoholics and drug ad- 
dicts, with group psycho- 

“It is not much more than 
Alcoholics Anonymous writ 
large (and writ expensive) 
with a bit of ‘confrontational’ 
psychotherapy and sufcn 
Moonie brain-washing thrown 
in". Dr Brewer said. 

Dr Brewer also expressed 
concern about cancer centres 
which offer alternative forms 
of treatment, “another of the 
Prince’s favourites". 

He said they seemed reluc- 
tant to evaluate their methods 
in ways that might show 
whether they had any specific 
effect and. if so, which compo- 
nents in the approach were 
effective and which harmful. 

Doctor struck Fowler ‘acted unfairly’ 

o ff for m urder Qn healfl , sdent j st j 0 b 

Retd cl® 

u He 


A doctor who helped to 
cover up the murder of his 
brother's wife was ordered to 
be struck off the Medical Re* 
gister in London yesterday. 
Mrs Amarjit Sethi, aged 32, 
was murdered for failing to 
conform to Sikh values, a 
General - Medical Council dis- 
ciplinary committee was told. 

Dr Joginder Sethi had at- 
tended a family conference 
which agreed that the death 
should be made to look as if it 
had happened during a 

But her husband, Trflochan, 
one of Dr Sethi's three broth- 
ers, confessed to strangling 
her. Dr Sethi, aged 35, of 
Cranford, Hounslow, ap- 
peared at the Central Criminal 
Court on February 28. 

He was acquitted of murder 
but found guilty of conspiring 
to obstruct the course of 
justice and jailed for 18 
months. His mother and three 
brothers were sentenced to life 
imprisonment for murder. 

A government microbiolo- 
gist who was dismissed from 
his £27,000-a-year post after a 
I U-turn by Mr Norman 
Fowler, Secretary of Slate for 
Social Services, won a Hi^i 
Court battle against the deci- 
sion yesterday. 

Mr Royce Darnell, aged 56. 
lost his job at the Public 
Health Laboratory Service in 
Derby last February, after 
being suspended by Trent 
Regional Health Authority in 
June 1982 pending an inquiry 
into an internal dispute with 
the principal medical labora- 
tory science officer over an 
appointments procedure. 

Lord Justice Stephen 
Brown, sitting with Mr Justice 
McCowen. said that it was “a 
sad and disturbing case”, and 
that Mr Darnell, of Hillcross 
Drive. LitiJeover, Derby, 
faced professional ruin. 

The court ruled that Mr 
Fowler had acted unfairly in 
confirming the dismissal and 
invited him to reconsider. 

Last October Mr Fowler 
had accepted a recommenda- 
tion from the Professional 
Committee, the DHSS appeal 
body, and directed the health 
authority to offer Mr Darnell a 
similar post, without manage- 
rial responsibilities, in the 
region. But in February Mr 
Fowler reversed his derision 
and confirmed the dismissaL 

The judge said that Mr 
Darnell was never made aware 
of discussions between the 
authority and the DHSS, and 
that there was justification for 
his allegations that Mr Fow- 
ler's change of mind was due 
to pressure from the authority. 

Mr Stephen Grosz, solicitor 
for Mr Darnell, who was 
backed by the Medical Protec- 
tion Society, said that his 
client would get five months" 
lack pay and the authority 
would explore the possibility 
of another job. He said that 
the dispute had cost the health 
service nearly £300,000. 

N ew cash for lung disease studies 

\r m ■ . ■ 



i .- ii ^ 


: : 


-j' ” 

! : •- A 
; - 1 

• : -- - 

.5 " 1 . 

■ j > 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

The causes oflung diseases 
in babies and the plight of 
millions of adults suffering 
chronic respiratory condmons 
are to be investigated in a 
research initiative announced 

The links between the Ac- 
quired Immune Deficiency 
Syndrome (Aids) and compli- 
cations such as pneumonia are 

also to be examined in 
projects funded by the British 
Lung Foundation. 

Research into lung diseases 
receives little funding in Brit- 
ain although about four mil- 
lion people suffer from 
respiratory conditions includ- 
ing chronic bronchitis, em- 
physema, and asthma. 

The foundation has re- 
ceived £200,000 from the 
BOC Group, most of which 
will be awarded to researchers 

in three areas: infant lung- 
conditions, chronic respira- 
tory disability and the pulmo- 
nary complications of Aids. 

-We are inviting research- 
ers to submit proposals for 
exciting, innovative work in 
these areas". Dr Malcolm 
Green, chairman of the foun- 
dation, said. 

The causes of cot deaths, 
which claim the lives of up to 
1.800 babies a year, will be 



tion of existing resources bring, 
lists and waiting times down. 

Mr Fowler said the authori- 
ties would start by reviewing 
waiting lists and times for in- 
patient treatment in every 
district. Wailing times for 
outpatient treatment would 
also be reviewed, 

Mr Fowler said health ser- 
vice staff had already done 
much, by changing methods 
and introducing new tech- 
niques “to enable patients to 
be treated as day cases and to 
reduce lengths of stay in 

He praised the health ser- 
vice for its “excellent" record 
in increasing the number of 
patients treated. 

• Government attempts to 
reduce hospital waiting lists 
could not succeed without 
more money being spent on 
the hospital sector, the British 
Medical Association said last 
night (Thomson Prentice 

“Such attempts are a hu- 
mane concept, but no serious 
inroad can be made until there 
are additional resources." Dr 
Maurice Burrows, chairman 
of the BMA’s hospital 
consultants' committee, said. 

for drug 

A boy aged eight who 
suffered severe brain damage 
after being given the wrong 
medical treatment for a cough 
when he was a baby was 
awarded £300,000 agreed 
damages in the High Court 

Stephen Hawkey, of Great 
Cambridge Road, Enfield, 
Middlesex, was left a spastic 
quadraplegic after being pre- 1 
scribed the wrong dosage of a 
drug in August 1978, when he 
was aged four-and-a-half 

He sued Dr M J A Menage, 
of Silver Street, Enfield, 
through his father, Mr John 

Mr David Barker, QC, for 
the boy. told Mr Justice Owen 
that it would have been his 
case that the drug. Aminoph- 
yliine, was not suitable for , 
children and, even if that was 
not so, prescribing five times 
the correct dosage had caused 
permanent brain damage. 

He said that die boy would 
be totally dependent for the 
rest of his life; and needed 24- 
bonrs-a-day care. He could not 
walk, stand or sit without 

Mr Justice Owen entered 
judgement for the boy after i 
counsel told him that doctors, 
who did not contest liability, 
had failed to agree on the boy's 
life expectancy. Estimates var- 
ied between five and 25 years. 

virus may 

cars by 

have been AA alarms 
traced traders 

Nina Semizorava (left) and Alla Mikhalchenko, dancers with the Bolshoi Ballet, which 
opens its British tour tonight at Covent Garden. 

People’s ballet in a 4,000-seat tent 

The Bolshoi Ballet opens its 
British tour ron/ghi with a 
rformance of /van the Terri - 

in the presence of the Princess 
of Wales at the Royal Opera 
House, London. 

Mr Yuri Grigorovich. the 
ballet's artistic director, said 
he was delighted that they 
were on a mission to bring 
ballci lo the people: they will 
perform in a huge marquee at 
Battersea Park next month as 
a glittering finale to ihc tour. 

A canvas pavilion, the larg- 
est theatre lent in the world 
and capable of seating 4.000 
people, will be set up in the 

park. Mr Grigorovich said the 
company was also looking 
forward to returning to Man- 

perform at the Palace Theatre, 
from August 12 and then in 

After a triumphant four-day 
tour in Dublin, where audi- 
ences of more than 17,000 had 
their first glimpse of the 
Bolshoi Ballet on a stage built 
in an agricultural hall. Mr 
Grigorovich said in London: 
“We don't mind dancing in a 
tent at all. After all. you must 
bring an to the people." 

Mr Peter Brighiman. man- 
aging director of The Enter- 

tainment Corporation, which 
has brought the Bolshoi Ballet 
lo Britain, said: “The audi- 

iransported into a beautiful 
theatre, not a tent, and there 
will be first-class catering, 
featuring everything from cav- 
iare and champagne to special 
lunch boxes for children." 

In the marquee, with its 
raked stage and dug orchestra 
pit. which will seat 80 musi- 
cians. Mr Grigorovich will 
present his youthful company, 
opening with the romantic 
ballet, Les Sylphides. created 
by Mikhail Fokine to music by 

Computer to cut fingerprint delay 

A fingerprint computer that 
can son through 20.000 prims 
a second and could help to 
identify suspects from previ- 
ously unsolved crimes was 
launched yesterday by a Brit- 
ish company. 

The computer, called Ori- 
on. is the latest in a number of 
fingerprint systems developed 
by the security and priming 
company. De La Rue. whose 
American subsidiary. Printak. 
already services 30 police 
forces throughout the world, 
including the FBI. 

For the next two weeks 

award lost 

An apprentice plumber who 
lost his job after being sent to 
borstal lost a £7,000 compen- 
sation award in the Court of 
Appeal yesterday. 

An appeal by F. C. Shep- 
herd. of Brixton, south Lon- 
don, against an industrial 
tribunal award, was unani- 
mously upheld. 

Lord Justice Lawton with 
Lord Justice Mustill and Lord 
Justice Balcombe said the 
tribunal found, and it was 
confirmed by the Employ- 
ment Appeal Tribunal, that 
Mark Jerrom, aged 21, of 
Phelp Street, Walworth, south 
east London, had been unfair- 
ly dismissed by ibe company. 

He entered a four-year ap- 
prenticeship in June 1980. But 
during the next year he con- 
spired with others to lake part 
in a “punch up" during which 
a youth was killed. 

In June 198 1. he was acquit- 
ted of manslaughter but found 
guilty of conspiracy to assault 
and affray, 

The employers were asked if 
he would be allowed to contin- 
ue his training and they said 
they would like to terminate 
the agreement. 

When Jerrom was released 
in January 1982 the company 
refused to allow him to contin- 
ue his apprenticeship. He 
claimed unfair dismissaL But 
the company denied they had 
dismissed him. They said he 
had frustrated the contract by 
the borstal sentence. . 

This was rejected by the 
industrial tribunal but accept- 
ed by the Court of Appeal. 

Leave to appeal to the 
House of Lords was refused. 

Law Report, page 27 

Injury award 

Mr Philip Bohling, aged 23, 
of Pyrford, Surrey, whose 
hopes of becomings chartered 
accountant were foiled when 
he suffered brain damage after 
a road accident in 1981, was 
awarded £133,464 damages 
for his injuries in the High 
Court yesterday. 

By Nicholas Bees ton 
senior police officers from 
Britain and Europe are expect- 
ed to test the system, which 
can improve the quality of 
poor fingerprints and convert 
existing prims on cards into 
computer files at the rate of 
300 an hour. 

The computer costs be- 
tween £1 million and £15 mil- 
lion. depending on specifi- 
cations. The Home Office said 
yesterday that it was consider- 
ing Orion, along with 10 other 
contenders, to improve its 
fingerprint system. 

Scotland Yard has a semi- 

automated system with 50.000 
fingerprints recorded, but the 
bulk of the w ork is still done 
manually. The Home Office is 
expected to complete a report 
by the autumn on police 
fingerprint needs. 

“If the system was used in 
Britain it would almost cer- 
tainly solve a number of cases 
where fingerprints wen? taken 
at the scene of the crime, but 
which have never been pro- 
cessed thoroughly because of 
the laborious procedure of 
checking each print by hand," 
the company said. 


By Angetla Johnson j 

Health experts believe they 
have found the virus that left; 1 
more than 600 people BI on the 
past five anises of the P & O 
liner, Canberra, They say it 
probably caused the outbreaks 
of vomiting and diarrhoea 
among passengers and crew. 

The little-known virus, 
called Norwalk, is usually 
transmitted through water, 
food or by person to person 
•contact under unhygienic con- 
ditions and causes gastroen- 
teritis disorders when it enters 
the body. 

Dr David Harper, of Winton 
Applied Occupational Hy- 
giene, said tests on passen- 
gers, who were affected on 
previous cruises, have isolated 
the virus which affected 171 
people on the Canberra's re- 
cent 13-night Mediterranean 
cruise. But farther investiga- 
tions will be carried out to see 
if any other virus was involved. 

“We think the virus was 
carried on to the ship in the 
water supply and has nothing 
to do with die conditions of 
storage. To flush out the germ 
we have added four times the 
norma) measure of chlorine 
into Che system and this 
should kin the virus," he said. 

The Canberra arrived in 
Southampton at 7 am yester- 
day facing criticism from local 
health officials that the ship 
should not have set sail after a 
health inspection had dis- 
closed some “appalling" con- 
ditions of hygiene in food and 
water storage. 

Bat Captain Ian Gibb said 
yesterday be had no doubt that 
lives had not been put at risk 
during the voyage. 

“If the port health authori- 
ties had told us not to sail, then 
1 am sure the owners would not 
have allowed the ship to leave 
port," he said. 

One of the passengers, Mr 
Vincent McKeefery, a compa- 
ny director from Leicester, 
said be was angry that P&O 
had not informed him about 
the virus striking on previous 
cruises when he purchased his 
: tickets. 

The Canberra was due to set 
sail last night for a two-week 
trip around the Mediterra- 

Tickets holders were all sent 
letters from P&O manage- 
ment saying there was “a 
slight possibility" that they 
could be affected by the 24- 
hour virus. But so far only 30 
people have cancelled their 

By Clifford Webb 

Motoring Correspondent 

Plans by the Automobile 
Association to arrange cut-, 
price car deals for its six 
million members have alarm- 
ed sections of the motor trade 
and are being closely moni- 
tored by the manufacturers. 

The AA has asked 260,000 
members to take part in a free 
d ree-month pilot scheme 
with an established company 
called Comp-U-Card, before 
making a final decision. 

For an extra £25 a year 
members will be able to 
telephone a “central clearing 
house" for details of cars, 
prices and delivery dates. 

Last night an AA spokes- 
man said: “We are not selling 
cars and we are not going into 
competition with the motor 
trade. We are setting up a link 
between prospective buyers 
and around 100 dealers who 
have agreed to take part." 

But a number of car manu- 
facturers and dealers contact- 
ed by The Times last night 
expressed alarm. 

The managing director of 
the British subsidiary of one of 
Europe's largest car makers 
said: “We could end up with a 
massive auction in which a 
large number of dealers would 
compete with each other to 
offer the cheapest new car." 

The Motor Agents’ Associa- 
tion, which represents most of 
Britain's garages, has already 
sought assurances from the 
AA that the scheme is not an 
attempt to destroy ihe estab- 
j lished dealer franchise system. 

Two burnt in 
flats blast 

An elderiv couple were 
burnt and two women pen- 
sioners blown from their beds 
when an explosion ripped 
through a block of old people's 
j flats in Reading, Berkshire, 

All the occupants were in 
their beds and the couple, a 
woman aged 68 and her 
husband aged 69, were rescued 
by neighbours from their blaz- 
ing ground-floor flat 

Hoax trial 

Kelvin Buckingham, aged 
20, who is charged with mak- 
ing a bomb hoax call to 
Selfridges in Oxford Street on 
February 21, was committed 
for trial by Highbury magis- 
trates yesterday. 





from the 


Court Places £200^price tegon yaorapbnt r ti-p qQ JW Xtra 

: farcical case of tbe 10ft Bter" I M«t » disjnitto jt *„«„,**. which he btfro at !t flat mar w Mrs X litllUIA 1/uy 

had chopped it in two to g« n “ MajaeJ ^ y,, nan Dean s home, Comtfield Cot- 

555 TsrKsu-. 

P Charles Merrick, aged 19, 
conclusion yesterday. described the plant as “a 

Mrs Jennifer D^n, a City ^ yeUow ^ dying", 

banker’s wtfe, had ^ refusal to 8* 

after her “beaatiW-htMrt^- tree, which 

tura) masterpiece since rt t* 0 " jj ortmnted s tw lfa g - 
is bed frt>“ the fr»«t of be^ h 0 ^ insistence, MfJobn 
£250,000 mews honse m manager of the Chelsea 

Gardener Nursery, attended 

New hi g her interest 

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To Halitu Building Sorty (Ret 1KW|. Fnr;piMU~| 
Tmwy Read. Kili&x HX1 2PR. iNo sump mquiKd.j | 

yWc enclose a Aeqiic. iw.._ for { 

*- - ■ minimum mwo m^i t’Cnfll j 

TolKinwsedinaHahto'^ODayXirjAccoiini. , 

l.-Wt would lik- (he iraensi lo be _ J 

Z adtkfd io bakuia:- paid hall-) early „ pad monthly 1 

nnreery’s assistant manager, 
which priced such a plant at 
between £150 and £250. _ 
Conditionally discS=argmg 
Merrick f« *"> 2*“^, *£ 

(age, Courtfield Gardens, 
Earls Conrt, west London. 

He said he was happy with 
the outcome while Mrs Dean, 
aged 49, said her insurers 

8 - 00 %= 8 - 16 % 

. * 

FC AjH?slifi wasseeking £536 to 
bare the tree. JO years 
ago cost her £60, replaced 
after discovering that a 

loblina told him: “In all the would pay any balance m the 
circumstances I think K is price when she finds a 
rirht and proper that he replacement. . ■ 

SoeM nay £200 compensation “1 did Hus for the principle 
kJv " involved. I think it is disgrace- 

MwriST unemployed, of fol Uut people on jest trip 
nw Tree Cottage, Wiocanto? themselves to these beautiful. 
ZJS taJffipMedoteal- plena." 

Horeefeny Rood Me gyrates, 

S-MWSSr Sommset. bad edoutted steal- 

no S J«. wmi.iM. n .»iMn * ih, , HA. ^ 







Social security abuses 

Fighting crime • Helicopter row 

Minister puts stop 
to ‘tick list 9 abuses 


feCTrtaiy of State(5SfN 

Labour MPS reacted angrily toa 
Commons announcement by 
Mr Anthony Newton, Minister 
for Social Security, of measures 
to curb abuses of single pay- 
ments under the social security 
svstera of supplementary bene- 
fits. These cover such things as 
furniture, cookers, bedding and 
other miscellaneous household 


Regulations incorporating 
changes in the system have been 
laid before Parliament with a 
view to bringing them into effect 

on August 11. 'They are to be 
debated bv MPs on We 

I by MPs on Wednesday. 
Announcing the 

Government's decision to pro- 
ceed with new regulations, Mr 
Newton referred to the contin- 

ued escalation of single pay- 
lonths. The 

ments in recent mon 
most recent figures, for the four 
weeks to June 3, were equivalent 
to an annual rate of five and a 
half million payments and ai 
least £400 million. 

Amid Labour cheers, he said 
many local authorities and other 
bodies were mounting cam- 
paigns to stimulate further 
claims, for example by circulat- 
ing leaflets containing extensive 
“tick lists" of items under such 
slogans as “Closing Down Sale". 
(A Labour shout of “What is 
wrong with that?”) 

After Mr Michael Meacher, 
chief Opposition spokesman on 
social services and MP for 
Oldham West, had complained, 
that the proposals. were taking 
the country back to the restric- 
tive and inadequate finance of 
poor law support which- Labour 
rejected, Mr ' Newton said ' the 
Oldham social services depart- 
ment had distributed a claim 
form under the heading "Claim 
it while you can." 

One local DHSS office in 
Sheffield serving 21,000 claim- 
ants received recently 4.000 
claims for bedding within a few 
weeks and 2,500 claims for 
furniture within four days. This 
was dogging the system and 
detrimental to the interests of 
other claimants, ft needed to be 
brought in check. 

Mr Newton said in view of the 
glowing terms in which Mr 
Meacher had referred to the 
take-up campaigns of local 
authorities, he would bring to 
the attention of the House the 
tick list submitted by a claimant 
in Strathclyde region listing 
literally dozens of items for 
which a claim was being made. 

This started with four single 
beds, bedding for the whole 
family, three fires, seven fire- 
guards. four hoi water bottles. - 

He also had the letter which 
the claimant wrote a few days 
later stating that the social 
worker visiting him had told 
him he could claim and- had • 
filled in the form and posted it. 

before Parliament that day to- 
with the response of the 
of State (Mr Norman 
Fowler},' made plain that the 
committee did not endorse the 
proposals as a whole but never- 
theless suggested a number of 
Specific modifications. 

The Government therefore 
proposed to proceed with new 
regulations but with a number 
of important modifications to 
meet detailed suggestions which 
the committee bad made. 

These indude (he said) fur- 
ther steps to protect the position 
of refugees, women who have 
been subject to domestic vi- 
olence, and young people leav- 
ing local authority care; a 
lengthening of the qualifying 
period for maternity payments; 
the extension of lump sum 
payments for miscellaneous 
items to childless claimants 
setting up home; and, perhaps 
most important, a doubling of 
that lump sum from £25 to £50 
for each dependant 
Mr Meacher, questioning the 
minister on his statement, said 
that an indication of the ex- 
treme and justified embarrass- 
ment of the Government was 
that it had put off the regula- 
tions until after the Newcastle- 
under-Lyme by-election. 

This was one of the harshest 
measures of their years in office. 
They were now trying to rush it 
through in the last week before 
the recess and were proposing to 
have it debated on Wednesday, 
die day of the Royal Wedding, 
in order to minimize pubbe 
awareness of it. 

It is characteristic of this 
Government (he said) that they - 
have chosen a day of national 

p r?;- 

>>*>. * 

single payment and there was an 
unanswerable case for the new 

Mr Newton: I entirely agree. 

Mr Max Madden (Bradford 
West, Lab) asked how the 
minister had the brass neck to 
make -this statement Warning 
the poor fix' claiming what was 
their right. 

How many Treasury min- 
isters had attacked sleazy 
accountants for running semi- 
nars advising people bow to 
save money from tax avoidance 

Why did he attack those who 
were quite properly advising the 
poor on their rights and on how 
to claim them? 

This was robbing the poor of 
£100 million at a tune when the 
Government bad given million 
upon million to the richest 
people in the country. 

Mr Newton said the system was 
manifestly lending itself to 
manipulation and exploitation 
. on a scale that Parliament never 

I do not believe (he said) that 
any Government would con- 
tinue to five with this situation. 
Mr Kevin Barron (Rothcr Val- 
ley, Lab) asked why there was no 
appeals procedure for the social 
fund so that people could appeal 
against any decision taken. 

Mr Newton said that would be 
for discussion, quite possibly 
later in the week. 

Mr Timothy Smith (Beacons- 
field ,Q asked what checks were 
carried out after claims were 

Mr Newton said staff attempted 
to carry out checks. With the 
growing exploitation of the sys- 
tem, it was_ becoming increas- 
ingly difficult to administer 

Mr Janes Lamond (Oldham 
Central and Royton, Lab) asked 
why he had not dealt with the 
issue property by seeing that 
there were sufficient staff avaiL 
able, as had been pointed out 
time and time again by trade 

Mr Newton said the Govern- 
ment was putting a substantial 
number of additional stafT into 
the social security system, some 
5,000 in all compared with what 
had been planned, because of 
the pressures on the system. 

Brandon-Brave: Unanswerable 
case for new system 

North, Lab) said the Govern- 
ment should improve DHSS 
advice services instead- of 
attacking local authorities and 
claimants' organizations to pay 
for lax cuts and the Royal 
Wedding. (Conservative 

Mr Newton said the Govern- 
ment had improved advice ser- 
vices. Everyone would 
recognize the value of the 
department's Freefone service, 
now operating throughout the 

Mr Donald Dixon (Janow, Lab) 
said the vast majority of people 
in his area who would be 
affected by these cutbacks were 
industrial refugees who had 
been made so by the 
Government's economic and 
social policies. 

Did Mr Newton realize the 
sort of inquisition that people 
had to go through to get their 
single payments? 

Mr Newton said it was right that 
local officers and staff should 
check to ensure that claims were 

Mr James Oaigen (Glasgow, 
MarybiU. Lab) said the upsurge 
in single payments was a. reflec- 
tion of the effects of Govern- 
ment social and economic 
policies^ . r J. 

Mr Newton reiterated that some 
social workers were manipulat- 
ing claims for people. Then it 
emerged within hours that the 
claimants themselves did not 
perceive that they had such 
extensive needs. 

Mr Peter Pike (Burnley, Lab) 
said that the regulations as they 
stood meant many thousands of 
people did not gel their single 

This statement was an appall- 
ing attack on the poorest and 
most deprived sections of the 

Madden: Sleazy accountants 

bidding seminars 

_ _ __ „ . Mr Newton said the statement 

Mr Douglas Hogg (Grantham, mcam that people with genuine 
O said an eight-fold inaease in needs would stand a conskL 


giving the claimant a copy. The 
claimant then wrote: “Mo 

lost of 

the things f do not need so I am 
writingto tell . 
need. Could you ignore the letter 
he has sent?” 

In his statement on single 
payments of 1 supplementary 
benefit. Mr Newton said that by- 
1985 the number of payments 
had risen to more than four 
million at a cost of over £300 
million. The growth showed no 
sign of diminishing. The 
Government's firm conclusion 
in the recent social security 
review was that the present 
system of single payments could 
be neither justified nor 

Although only 5 per cent of 
supplementary benefit expen- 
diture went into single pay- 
ments. it accounted for nearly 
50 per cent of ail supplementary 
benefit decisions and more than 
50 per cent of appeal hearings. 
More fundamental Ity, it was 
clearly not achieving what Par- 
liament intended, with wide 
discrepancies from one area to 

There is (he said) unaccept- 
able scope for exploitation and 
abuse, yet at the same time 
insufficient flexibility to meet 
the real needs or genuine 

In February the Government 
had pul to the Social Security 
Advisory Committee for 
consultation draft regulations ; 
making a number of changes' 
within the existing structure. 
The committee’s report laid 

festivities to hammer the poor 
with extra rales payments of 
£300 million and cuts in single 
payments which, on the 
minister's figures, amount to 
£180 million. 

Supplementary benefit levels 
are insufficient and were never 
intended to pay for major items 
of furniture, bedding, blankets, 
copkers. and refrigerator s and 
clothing, The effect must be to 
push many homeless families 
more deeply into poverty. 

His criticism of local take-up 

concern about the problem of 
under-claiming which exists. 

Provision for repair or 
replacement of items without 
assistanc e o r reco m pen s e - wou ld- 
chiefly hit low-paid parents or 
the unemployed. The limiting of 
back payments would have 
damaging effects on people 
including pensioners and other 
vulnerable claimants. 

The changes would cause 
intense and widespread hard- 
ship and was perhaps the 
Government's harshest mea- 
sure. taking it back to the 
restrictive and inadequately fi- 
nanced system of the Poor Law, 
which they rejected. 

Mr Newton: I accept little of 
that. We expect (he amount to 
be saved by comparison with 
expenditure in 1985-86 to be 
about £100 million. 

There has been difficulty in 
making firm estimates because 
of the rapid escalation of expen- 
diture. 1 do not accept his 
suggestion about the creation of 
intense and widespread 

As the social security commit- 
tee itself acknowledged, there 
has been a deliberate and careful 
attempt to protect those on 
priority claims and to make sure 
that they can continue to get 


Mr Martin ‘ Brandoo-Brato 
(Nottingham. South, C) said 
that there bad been abuse of the 

payments between 1979 
now was unacceptable. 

There was considerable ev- 
idence that claims had not fallen 
within the general purpose of 

the regulations. 

Mr Newton said that was right 
That was one reason he was 
concerned that the interests of 
people who did have genuine 
needs were in danger of being 

Mr Hegh Brown (Glasgow, 
Provan, Lab) suggested that the 
Government should seek 
constructive -talks, with local 
authority representatives over 
abuses, while looking at the 
take-up camjraigfcs. 

'Many regional directors did 
not have the political know-how 
to deal with such situations.^ 
Mr Newton . said the Govern- 
ment did talk with local authori- 
ties to see that such campaigns 
were conducted in a responsible 
and well-iaigetied way. 

Some local authorities were 
easier to talk with than others. 
Mr Jeremy Corbyn (Islington 

needs would stand a consid- 
erably better chance of getting 
them met quickly. 

Mr Dale CampbeQ-Savonrs 
(Workington, Lab) said millions 
of Conservative supporters ob- 
jected to the Government 
penalizing the poor and giving 
the money saved to the rich. 

Conservative backbenchers 
should stand up and represent 
middle-class opinion in the 
country -which felt- -deeply 
ashamed of -what the Govern- 
ment was doing. The Govern- 
-ment did not care. 

Mr Newton said he had never 
regarded Mr Campbell -Savours 
as a classic ^representative- of 
middle-class opinion. - 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30); Education 
Bill, remaining stages. 

Lords (2.30): Housing (Scot- 
land) BilL Commons amend- 
ments. Wages Bill and 
Agriculture Biu, third readings. 

Government blamed 
for worst crime wave 


entry systems and TV surveil- 
lance systems at the entrances to 
tower blocks. It was also in- 
tended there should be more 

A Made cloud of lawlessness foot patrols by caretakers, 
hung over Britain today and the We will legislate in our first 

country was suffering the-worse session (he said) to make avail- 
crime wave ever known, Mr able crime prevention grants on 
Gerald Kaufman, chief Oppo- application both by home Own? 
sitiOD spokesman on home af- era and tenants, 
fairs, said when he opened a The cost would be covered 
debate oil. the fight against within an increased housing 
crime. - investment allowance provided 

Hemoved an Oppositon mo- to local authorities as part of the. 
tion coodemni og the collapse of Labour government s drive- 
the Government's policies on against bad housing and un-f 
law and order, e»n»»*g for the employment. It would be cost- 
implementation of a national effective. 

There were now some 14,500 
Neighbourhood Watch schemes 
in England and Wales, an 
increase of more than 75 per 
cent over the past six months. ■ 
Manchester City Counts! was 
deliberately making it more 
difficult for residents to come 
together with -police and make 
their streets rarer. 

If more money were given, to 
Manchester City Council, it 
would be spent on an. even 
ier edition of their disgrace- 
. publication Police Watch. 

If the Labour Party is going to 
be taken seriously (be said), it 

crime prevention programme, 
including \ crime prevention 
grams for owner occupiers and 
tenants and a safe estates pro- 
gramme, and calling for prop- 
erly funded Government 

. . must do something to restrain 

. The campaign would be ex- and reverse the policies of those 
tended to cover public trims-" Labour authorities which .are 
port The needs, security and . . taking exactly the opposite line 
fears of passengers needed to be from that which the Front 
taken into account in planning 
bus routes and stops and crew 

_ — yac, in 

serious offences reported as 
having been committed in Brit- 
ain, there was a 41 per cent 
increase on 1978, the last full 
year before this Government 
came to office. 

Ip Thatcher’s Britain theft 
had risen by 30 per cent, 
violence against the person by 
42 per cent, burglaries by 52 per 
cent, crirranal damage by 73 per 
cent. Thatcher's Britain was a 
Britain in which one crime of 
violence was. committed every 
four minutes, one act of crim- 
inal damage every SI seconds, 
one binglaiy every 32 seconds, 
once case of theft and handlin g 
stolen goods every IS seconds, 
and one serious crime every 
eight seconds, - and m which 
every family' had~a' 30 per cent 
chance of being victims of a 
serious crime. - ~ 

The crime -rate was not oirfy 
high but was gening higher. 

When this Government came to 
office 330 serious crimes were 
committed every hour, now ft 
was 465. 

This was the crime position 
up to December 1985. For 
England and Wales the figures 
for the first quarter of this year 
showed yet another sharp rise 
with total 'crime up 7 per cent, 
violence against the person up 5 
per cent, theft up 5 per cent, 
burglary up 8 per cent, and 
criminal damage up 14 per cent 

Crime and fear of crime took 
something away from the in- 
dividual and from society as a 
whole. The police did their best 
but far too often the police 
themselves knew it was nowhere 
near good enough. Clear- up 
rates for many crimes were low 
and had fallen. 

Much of the burden of hin- 
drance on the police had been 
imposed by the Government 
itself or was the result of 
Government policies. Public or- 
der .duties, increasingly dis- 

'ice • -from- -the — He 

seemed to 

Bench preach. 

There was to be, he raid, a 
new national magazine, in co- 
operation with the private sec- 
tor, for neighbourhood watch 
schemes, , • - . 

The Government had trebled 
the amount given to the na- 
tional association of the Victim 
Support Scheme in the last two 
years. . 

In the next sessional Par- 
liament, the Government would 
introduce a provision requiring 
the courts either to make a 
compensation order when 
sentencing the offender or to 

S ive specific reasons for not 
oing so. - . , 

In the two fields singled out 
by the Opposition (he raid), 
crime prevention and - victim 
support, there are major efforts 
already in progress. 

Mr Julian Critchley. (Aldershot, 
O suggested an answer, to Jbe 
question: What can politicians 
do about rising crime? If the 

Kaufman: Black cloud 
-of lawlessness 

whose work was beyond price. w . 

Labour would discuss with the Government,- and the Oppo- 1 «** do*p. 
-National -Association of Victim 
Support Schemes what sums 
they needed to provide services 
they regarded asessentiaL When 
a Labour Government had 

costed them carefully, it would 
provide the money needed. The 
sums required were tiny within 
the national budget and they 
would enable support to be 

Crime was a disease in soci- 
ety. Like all disease it had 
causes. The Government foiled 
to address itself to those causes 
and was responsible for some. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, Home Sec- 
retary, - moved a Government 
amendment to reaffirm support 
for the Government's commit- 
ment to pursuing an honest, 
vigorous and coherent policy in 
the fight against crime. It also 

welcomed additional resources parties of losing sight of the 
given to law and order. Govern- fimdamental priorities over 
mem-backed crime prevention crime prevention. 

si tion, were really concerned, 
they would increase the tax on 
booze, particularly the . hard 

In 1946, notifiable crimes 
against the . person totalled 
4.062. The cost of a bottle of 
whisky — at 1985 prices — was 
£ 16.3a 

Ten years later, the crime 
figures had virtually doubled. 
The price of whisky, in. real 
terms, had dropped to the 
equivalent off 14b 

In 1985, violent crime figures 
showed 97,000 offences. The 
a»l of a bottle of' whisky was 
down to'£7.7Q. 

Sobriety had beetra Victorian 

Mr Alexander Cartile 
(Montgomery, L) accused both 
the Labour and Conservative 


MPs want 


Sir Mkhad Havers, fte Attor- 
ney General, mig ht find h fotself 
in a resignation dtnatioa n /it 
emerged that he had approved 
the charade of setting up a leak 
inquiry after being told that the 
leak had been authorized by a 
ffAtiior fellow member of the : 
Cabinet, Mr Alan Williams, aa 
Opposition spokesman on trade 
mud Industry, raid ma reference 
in the Commons to the Westland 

If the Attorney General found 
himself in such a situation, Lite, 
added, the position of the Prime 
Minister became exposed and 

Mr Williams said he was con- 
vinced that Sir H umphr e y 
Atkins, chairman -of the- Com- 
mons Select Committee on De- 
fence, had dene everything bt his , 
power to expedite the timing of 
the committee's report. It was ha 
everyone's interests that the 
House should have maximum, 
time to study all tbe evJdence, 
and not just have the report in 
front of them, before Prime 
Minister's questions -and the 
summer adjournment debate e» 
Thursday. . 

The Speaker, Mr Bernard 
WeatherQl, said tiu&wxa en- 
tirely a matter, for tlw chairman 
of the select committee. Throe 
no tafloence (be -continued) on 
the time when he decides to lay' 
his' report. If be wants tolay it * 
before Thursday, pr esumably he 

Earlier,' Mr David Winnicfc 
(Walsall North, Lab) said Mir 
John Biff rav- Lord Privy -Seal 
and Leader of the House, had 
responsibilities to the House as 
a whole ami not simply to the. 

initiatives and development of 
victim support schemes. It ex- 
pressed support for the police in 
iheir efforts to build closer links 
wiih the community. 

These should be: 
to ensure that people could live 
in their own homes without fear 
of befog -ravaged or loo ted ' by 
- . vandals or burlgare;walk. tbe: 

traded- the- police -from- - the — ** e said, that Mr .Kavfinan. streets —whether they be young, 
priority job of fighting crime. seemed to believe that by oid. maIe,‘fonaic vvfirte or black 
There had been disturbing -Wting r h * _ WnHotit fear <?f their peace 

news (hatsinceThe 5 C hei^dirtuibed. .-. i. — . 

came to office the number of “ WBS wome «; flt fo* *ay the- - The nation was oat making 
police in London and the City argument on law and order was cost-effective, or efficient, use of 
IT — frauds^ -developinr 

4 nvesii gat mg -^company 

had been reduced, and ihat at -a 

jut attitude seemed 

time when fraud was soaring, a k°.’* 

njoj* dapgeraas crime- tL . gg**; KricjS 

The -en ^taur^m^r 

Minimizing arrest of 
those below the limit 


The Government bad no pro- 
posals for altering the law on 
drinking and driving. Lord 
Cleuarthur, Under Secretary of 
State, Home Office, said id the 
House of Lords during question 

He bad been asked by the 
Marquess of Aflesbury (Ind) 
what action it .was proposed to 
lake to reduce the number of 
innocent 'motorists — 16,000 — 
arrested annually on suspicion 
of being drunk. 

Lord Gfenarthar said the police 
had powers to enforce the law 
and the use made of the powers 
was matter for chief officers 

The Government and the 
police were conscious of the 
need to minimize the number of 
people arrested who were sub- 
sequently found to be below the 
alcohol limit. 

It is vitaLgiven the number of 
people killed or injured on the 
roads as a result of drunk 
driving (he added) that the 
police have the necessary pow- 
ers to enforce the law. 

The Earl of Hakbnry (Ind): 
Having been arrested in 
Birdcage Walk and discharged 
without a stain on my character 
on arrival at Rochester Row 
police -station,- the minister will 
sympathize with my sense of 
indignation. (Laughter) 

would launch a major campaign 
aimed at preventing crimes and 
making neighbourhoods safer, 
helping everyone in city, town 
and rural areas, tenants as well 
as owner-occupiers. 

Some council estates had 
suffered especially high crime 
rates and emphasis would be 
placed on these. There was a 
crucial link between reducing 
crime and increasing invest- 
ment in public sector housing. 

There would be more residen- 
tial caretakers for tower blocks 
ami estates. They would be prop- 
erty trained and supported with 
physical security measures and 
responsive repair services, to- 
gether with effective 
neighbourhood policing in ac- 
cordance with the wishes of the 
local community. 

There would be a safe estates 
programme with an increased 
allocation for housing expen- 
diture made available to local 
authorities to encourage them to 
put' in more caretakers, 
strengthen front doors and 
frames and fit new locks on 
windows. That would cost less 
than the £10,000 million which 
crime cost the country each 

There would also be the 
installation of more telephone 

at Wapping should be (eft out of 

. 1 do not know whether the 
argument is that there should be 

□0 policing there the said) so 

that ft is impossible For people to 
exercise their right to work, that 
there should be only enough 
police for them to be out- 
numbered or outdone by the 
pickets. - 

The balance of forces must be 
left to the chief officer of police 
and he was deeply concerned 
about Labour proposals which 
would lead to politicization of 
the police and of decisions about 
who was to be protected and 
who shojld not be protected. 

A strenuous effort on crime 
prevention had been begun fay 
Mr Leon Brittan, his prede- 
cessor, who had put new 
emphasis on it 

The Department of Environ- 
ment priority estates pro- 
gramme included measures to 
help reduce crime with special 
emphasis on participation by 

The Community Programme 
involved substantial commit- 
ment of resources to crime 
prevention. . ; 7- 

We are looking at 'ways "(tie 

said) of improving the design of 
estates to deter crime. 


JMrJohn Wheeler (Westminster 
North, O raid the Opposition, 
could not escape itif responsibit-' 
ity.-.lf it .wanled to. see an 
■ easement of the pressure on the 
police so that they, could be' 
deployed to help the community 
then it must discuss with its own 
supporters at places like 
Wapping and see that police 
resources were not used for 
these activities. 

Mr Clive Soley, an Opposition 
spokesman on home affairs, 
said no other post-war govern- 
ment would have accepted the 
situation at the News Inter- 
national plant at Wapping and 
allowed Rupert Murdoch to go 
on befog protected by the police 
at the expense of the ratepa 
while making no effort to ~ 
him to negotiate. 

. No other government would 
have allowed anyone to have 
used their monopoly power in 
the press in the way that Rupert 
Murdoch had while at the same 
time they were an overseas 

Mr Giles Shaw, Minister of 
State. Home Office, said that the 
Government had virtually 
revolutionised the attitude to 
crime prevention which had not 
existed when the Government 
came to office. 

The Opposition motion was 

.rejected by 286 votes to 194 — 


jvemment majority, 92. The 
Government amendment was 
agreed to. 

If (be went on) then is a 
strong demand from the Oppo- 
sition for the defence committee 
report on Westland to be de- 
bited will be recognize the need 
for this to be seriously 

Is .it noL scandalous that this 
House will go into recess ior K) 
or 11 weeks while the report is 
going to be published and in- 
evtefely debated in the media 
bat MPs have no opporbmity of 
debating it in the Hoase? 

Mr Biflfen: It Is in the sense of a 
feeling of responsibility to the 
Hoase as a whole that I have, 
indicated that I believe we 
shoaU go into recess on Friday. 
If be thinks that is a proposition 
with, which Jie geanxnely dis- 
agrees, he will-vote against it. , 

The Little 
and Large 
of politics 


The Social Security Bill, the *’ 
legislative outcome of the - 

comprehensive review of 
benefits announced in a White ■ 
Paper last year, was read the 
third time and passed in the 
Hoase of Lords. Changes mode • 
there to the Bill, i :d tiding^ three. ' 
Government defeats, are to be ~ 
considered by the Commons on . 


During the debate on the 
motion that “the BtUF do now 
pass”. Lady Trumpington, • 
Under Secretary of Skate, for 
Health and Social Security, who 
played a major part in piloting 
the Bill through the Lords, 
confessed that Cady Hooper, a 
Government spokesman who 
had also been involved in the 
work, and herself were now 

known as “Little and Larged 

Lord - Boyd-Carpenter (Q, - 
paying , tribute to the. efforts of ~ 
Lady Trnmpington, commented - 
that she had volnnteered to cox \ 
one of the boats in last • 
Wednesday's, regatta. 7 . . Yr 

Htr added, amid laughter? The 
powers that be intervened to 
prevent a grave risk to oar ' 

London Transport 

Boom time for travellers despite cuts 

By Michael Rally 

Transport Editor 


Financial and Accounting 
Chief Executives 
Managing Directors 

Sales and Marketing Executives, 
Public, Finance and 
Overseas Appointments. 

A boom year for passengers 
on London's buses and Un- 
derground trains was reported 
by London Regional J Trans- 
port in spite of sharp cuts in 
government support 
The wait for a bus length- 
ened, partly because of traffic 
congestion in central London, 
from an average seven min- 
utes in 1984-85 to 7.3 minutes. 


f Judge tells hermit to leave woodland home 




I But in every other respect 
1985 was a year of improve- 
ment the boardsaid in its 
annual report, and more peo- 
ple travelled on the Under- 
ground than ever before. 

The chairman of the board. 
Dr Keith Bright spoke of a 
return to the heyday of travel 
in London. 

"It is our intention tomatch 
the revival in the fortunes of 

Comparison of remits 

1988 1985* 

(EmflQ (£maq 

963 1102 

673 735 

290 367 

935 1130 

28 28 
234 240 

mfte (E) 
5-64 15.66 

&50 9.31 

Total Income 
Fares etc 


Costs par 



Ri yc 

Under g r ou nd - 
Staff numbers 


1 ) 

758 7.0 

a35 - 33 

51920 55800 

15 nom paitadt 

passenger business with a 
renaissance of the quality and 
style that made London 

Transport famous throughout 
-the world many decadesrego " 
he said. 

This was being done 
through a large programme of 
_ station re-fiir hishm ent on the 
Underground, and fleets of 
new buses and Underground 

Mr Bright said the improver 
'ments had been made in' the 
face of cuts of £97 million in 
government funding. 

Last year’s results were 
helped- by an increase in 
tourist traffic, large sales of 
travelcards (150,000 up at 
950,000), and the introduction 

of. competitive bus services 

The attached table com- 
pany the 12 months to April 
1986 with the 15 months to 
April 1985. ' 

; Underground trains- were 
increased by 1 per cent lak 
year to 29. 7 million miles, and 

reliability achieved was 97.9 
per cent of services scheduled 
compared with 97.8 per cent 
the previous year. 

On the buses, there was a 
deterioration from 94.3 per 
cent of scheduled services in 
1984-85 to 93.7 per cent last, 
year. And while punctuality 
on the Underground re- 
mained practically unchanged 
with an average wait of 3.35 
minutes, bus punctuality dete- 
riorated from 7:05 to 7.28- 
minutes average waiL - 

Outside peak hours there 
was a 26.8 per cent chance of 
waiting more than 10 minutes 
for a bus on busy routes, 
compared with -25.* per bent 
the previous year. On routes 
that were not so busy, there 
was a 37 per cent- chance that 
the bus would be more than 
five minutes late, compared 
with 36 percent a year earlier. 

A hermit aged 57 who wants 
to be left alone with his 
.animals and plants aa his own 
i little bit of England was given 
>two months to move on by a 
High Court judge yesterday. 

But Mr Andre Van Beest, 
who lives alone in a garden 
shed on a one-acre plot in Kent 
which he shares with SO 
chickens, a goat; two goslings. 

two docks and a dog, is not 
going witbont a fighu He will 
go kick to tending his grape 
vines and raspberry and straw- 
berry plants while working oot 
his next move. 

. Arriving at court with his 
supporters, he contested an 
order by Rochester-upoo- 
Medway Council tfert be re- 
move his “home” from the 

woodland site at Cobbam, near 

Mr Justice Garland said 
although he was very sympa- 
thetic to Mr Van Beest he 
could see no reason to overrule 
council planning and 

gave him unto September 30 
to get off the land. 

His battle with the council 
began 10 jears ago when he 

from a developer for 
He left that when he 
moved to his present site in 
1982, after doing a straight 
swap with the developer. - 
After the . decision he said: 
“I used to believe in British 
justice, but no more, I wifl ap- 
peal and win see the council. I 
want to ifeleft alone, to get on 
with my. life. I am doing no- 
body any harm.” 

Post office 
by mob’ 

. The Birmingham post office 
m which - two broihjers died 
during the Hstndsworth ridf 
last September was already ■ 
ablaze when a mob of looters : 
tottered down ' its door the 
city’s crown court was told 

The Moledina' brothers 
Kassamali, aged 38* and' 
Amarali, aged 44, ram the 
tLozells Road post office fri the 
centre of the -riot zbzte, . 7 . . 

Mr Rajinder Beach, a lpcal 
trader, watebed ; the distur- _ 

ranees. He. told the court that" 
the shops adjacent to. the sub- 1 " 
post office were - ablaze and^ ' 
flames spread across the roofs. - 

He said that he -saw four or‘ r 
five West Indians attempt to . 

tiie , post office . shutters' 
with a crowbar. 1 T ' : ; 

. “They tried to lack tite door 
down and about 50. of. 60 ‘ 
people pushed iiL? he said: 

He told, the ftiiy how the" " 
looters went in and but of the 

T * 0 n Birmingham . men, 
WigginTower, Newtown, and - 

gtrnuel Murrain, aged l&of-- 
Fentham Road, Aston, deny 
manslaughter.and arson. • 

_ The prosecution alleges that 
the nair. started Wm — 1 

ti»e .pair- started twcuseparaie: 
fires at the post ofifce^-V^ 
The casecorrtmues today; 



* *-* * 

• -MS : V* V 

:: •-!^ 


*; •' : v^iS 1 ^ 

'«'?■■■ : 

r/^sS .8 

j 7 j; £ 9 *- 


Post 0® 


bv m^. 


i x*eaur is given six 
life sentences for 


S i ^^. 2ndm?aJ,hem ' 

sick and fiandde^Si^ ^ beca ™ e uncon - 

1 judge and desks! taldS^tetcash 

loSjotoT “ 2 nd 08t>>e fc* »ujd End 

SBfflarSri SSSX:,ffK 
Saa&j *«wt2sri. 

Hm 27 M-are foTdSilSS^ v ' as . aW ? to k« luxuriously, 
Sty wS md^tK in son* coast totek 

from them. - s “ a “ IIB 2 nd impressing other resi- 

Noble. of no « mi -,-i. i dents with tales of wealth. 

Common Serieant Judge - a ■ ba ? rrc and 


Using your glib toni**^ £«“«*'' oreledrM- 
nrewt «« a KStXpCrt. 



’U * %« 

• -1_ , ‘^. v 


•- ■ 

>•• ^ »Sr'c; 

7*. -.w’/gfei 


^»‘ 325 SS 

■■■■-^° h % 

- • : .,-■,?? "as. 

=XV-: : j i ! i:i»s 

* - rursai! 

• 1 '•' >* 1 »iyi •>];.’ 

.-: . : •••* ■<-:. • “7 1 ' 

• * - - -•™•-L a ^ !, 

. 7^ 

" * ’ •* 1=2*5 
r -.t- 

The Li! > 
and \m * 
of politic 


- • • •: .V E 

- . ,s s:‘.ttr:. : j 

. .-• ,. :i- c- •a: 

. is: 

. i- .-JSsS 
. . • . VX=“ 

:. — 1" C 
- , . :i - r :> 

“YouadmmiSeiS’stuDefSS tondmg be was * mid timillion- 

Using your glib ioniU^S ^".taokaiatoordeclrM- 

posed as a doctor and entered . . 

“to people]* confidences. -' • -••-^g|^| || , 

With grandiose talk you ■ 

tricked innocent and honest -.• ; 

poojpfe udiose lives you put in ‘ . ■ '. ' . . 

Noble, who pretended to be flp.V- 
a caring doctor, chose victims ' 

who normally lived alone and ^ - .- 
stalked them carefully. JrfiaBg-',. 

His trademark; was a bag of --." jyw* 11 TS 
assorted “knock-out” drugs, . 

most of which he obtained . 7 . VI.. "' . ''ijfj-. 

from the bathroom cabinets of > ‘ - A *. .V:?- 3BWS 5 .-- . 

his victims. \ 

He persuaded his victims 
that be could cure their ail- . ; •;; 

meats and they trusted him - 

wh« he produced what he' Sidney Noble: Pretended to 
said was a “revolutionary be a caring doctor. 

women on 
right rails 

By Mark Dowd 
Young girls should be given 1 
more toy trains and meccano 
sets to stimulate an interest in 
engineering, according to Mr 
David Martin, editor of Tun- 
nels and Tunnelling. 

In the current edition of the 
monthly magazine, he says 
that the engineering profes- 
sion has a poor image com- 
pared with law and medicine. ; 
The relatively poor salaries 
also deterred the most talent- i 
ed women. 

“Th/s is a very great pity as , 
their ability and skill is sorely 
needed," be says. “While the , 
position is slowly improving, j 
it is not improving fast enough 
in a society that depends for 
its high standard of living 
more on the skill of engineers 
than'almost anyone else.” 

Unless more- women -spe- 
cialized .in .mathematics and 
physics at sichdol and choose 
engineering at university, it 
was not the fault of employers 
if there were not enough 
women responding to adver- 
tisements for enpneers. 

“Women are accepted as 
equals in most other profes- 
sions — teaching, medicine, 
the law, journalism and TY, 
so why not in the tunnelling 
industry T he asks. 

Engineering staff at Leeds 
University are convening a 
special -Women in 
Engineering” conference at 
the end of September for 250 
fifth and sixth form students. 

be a caring doctor. 

Home sale 

By Christopher Wannan 

Property Correspondent 

More houses were sold dur- 
ing the past three months than 
in any comparable period 
since November 1982. The 
Royal Institution of Chartered 
Surveyors says its bousing 
survey of the quarter ending 
on June 30 shows one of the 
busiest markets for years is 
continuing its momentum. 
But many of the 222 estate 
agents surveyed reported that 
the balance between supply 
and demand had evened and 
that the frantic pace of the past 
few months began to die down 
in the second half of June as 
the summer holidays ap- 

House price increases fol- j 
lowed the pattern of the pre- 
vious quarter, with more than 
half the agents reporting an 
increase of 2 per cent, one 
quarter reporting rises of 5 per 
cent and 5 per cent noting 
rises of 8 percent. . 

Mr John Thomas, the 
institution's housing market 
spokesman, said: “Influences 
such-as the drop in oil revenue 
and the value of the pound 
may soon be felt, along with 
the usual uncertainty brought 
on by a possible 1 987 election. 

“Nevertheless the housing 
market is showing.remarkabte 
resilience and chartered sur- 
veyor estate agents predict 
continuing healthy activity.” 


His reign of' terror ended) 
with his arrest in July last 
year. Noble walked into an 
estate agent’s office in 
Woking, Surrey, claimed to be 
“Dr Oarit** and said he want- 
ed to buy a house to use as a 
home and surgery. An assis- 
tant at the office, Mrs Mau- 
reen Bash ford, became 
suspicious. Police were alerted 
and Noble was captured. 

By the time of his arrest he 
was wanted for questioning by 
detectives from six county 
forces as well as officers from 
Scotland Yard. 

Detectives believe his “ca- 
reer total” of victims numbers 
200 over the yeare. 

Noble's career in crime 
began at the age of 1 1, and in 
1978 he was dubbed “Dr 
Death” when jailed for 10 
years for drugging and robbing 
old women. 

He failed to return to a 
Sussex prison from weekend 
leave last summer and once 
again went .on a crime spree, 
poring as a specialist in treat- 
ing arthritis and rheumatism. 

He pleaded guilty to 16 
offences of administering dan- 
gerous drugs, theft, forgery 
and false pretences. 

Mr David Cocks, QC, far 
the prosecution, said Noble 
drugged five women aged 
between 58 and 84 and a man 
of 85. He took cash and 


ifei : 5S9'. • J ' L 


t-.'—s-*-* . .■ 


j ' ?•< 

PiTr*’ Vi-. 

Mr Christopher Togeodhat (right), chairman of the Clri 1 A nation Authority, and Mr Richard Noble, chairman of ARV. 
with the ARV Soper 2 light aircraft at Heathrow yesterday. Mr Tug e n dh a t handed over the aircraft type-certificate of 
airworthiness for the first all-British model for decades. The two-seat aircraft with two-stroke liquid-coined engine and 
costing about £26*000* will meet the substantial growth in leisure and private flying (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Manchester airport sets up as rival to London 

By Our Transport Editor lion passengers, from the “breakthrough" in establish- That would help to attract 

present seven million. mg itself as a key “hub and more US airlines which are 

Manchester airport opened - . spoke” airport whose traffic keen to become established 

a £7 million terminal yester- . j T e opetung ceremony, ^ already doubled in less there in an attempt to expand 
day in an attempt to attract *jr -lonn Moore, ^ecreiaiy or years and was set to Atlantic flights to Britain and 

more traffic from London and continue. Europe, 

ease the capital’s looming to comment on last weeks Manchester serves more Mr Gil Thompson, 
night flights. “SS^-^Sl! «£>!! than 50 foreign destinations. Manchester's chief executive. 

The new terminal will sub- SLiffSSSS SfTEiSi The airport's authority is be- said the airport, which has a 

stantially increase flying Restrictions 2 t H^tnrovv ^ separated from local au- runway capable of handling 

Manchester’s attraction as a an “ 'jatwick snouia oeeaseo jf^^y ^ part of the airports any aircraft, could provide a 
rival gateway to London for 1® ^ , cvc r -mcreasing privatization. It is seeking new valuable relief valve to assist 

US and other traffic. It will ,lishls ,n me London area. rights to give it four more the Government to relieve 
help to boost the airport's He accepted that Manches- designations as a VS gateway congestion in the London 
capacity to handle nine mil- ter had scored a to Britain alongside London, area. 

“breakthrough” in establish- 
ing itself as a key “hub and 
spoke” airport whose traffic 
had already doubled in less 
than 10 years and was set to 

Manchester serves more 
than 50 foreign destinations. 
The airport's authority is be- 
ing separated from local au- 
thority as part of the airports 
privatization. It is seeking new 
rights to give it four more 
designations as a VS gateway 
to Britain alongside London. 

That would help to attract 
more US airlines which are 
keen to become established 
there in an attempt to expand 
Atlantic flights to Britain and 

Mr Gil Thompson, 
Manchester's chief executive, 
said the airport, which has a 
runway capable of handling 
any aircraft, could provide a 
valuable relief valve to assist 
the Government to relieve 
congestion in the London 

shift to 

By David Sapsted 

A scheme to force regional 
airlines to shift move from. 
Heathrow to Gatwick to ease . 
congestion has been rejected ■ 
by the Government Instead, '■ 
an independent study is to be : „ 
held to see whether efficiency - 
improvements can boost the 
capacity of London’s two', 
main airports. 

Mr Michael S}ncef, the ■ 
minister ibr aviation, gave *' 
warning there could be limits :• 
imposed on new scheduled ^ 
services and charter flights if 
the overcrowding readied ai- ■ ' 
sis point But he emphasized 
that no such restrictions were ' 
envisaged in the immediate ;: 

Mr Spicer explained yester- . . 
day that the Government had ' ; 
rejected the Civil Aviation : 
Authority recommendation to * * 
force the regional services to ' 
move, on political and social 
grounds. The authority, wot- ' ' 
ried that Heathrow is ap- . 
preaching saturation point,' 
bad considered the problem 
only in aviation terms, the. 
minister said. 

The services threatened r 
with the move — from Jersey, 
Guernsey, Plymouth- : 
Newquay, Inverness, Dundee- 
Carlisle and the Isle of Man — 
were vital to the business and . 
industrial prospects of the • : 

INDEX 1980 = 100 

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984/5 1985/6 

mmm buses 
mmm underground 

Town and country tourism: 2 

Resorts banking 
on late arrivals 

Bad weather and a trend towards later holidays have 
meant a poor season for the traditional seaside resorts. 
But Nicholas Beeston finds an air of optimism 
pervading local tourist bureaux 

Poor weather and late book- everyone is teteily 

inES “C b Tor ,0 «4 se ™nS "nWiKSStSy 

poor start^ English resorts in the North, such as 

£ Great Yarmouth and Scarbor- 


2nd ^ Se Tbe tourist board at Great 
7 «aside Yarmouth said the recession 

°f 5jSfmJS2S in the North was still making 

tourist centres, only Blackpool m u.c take 

n ^,^er n= fts* J U « a* 

early summer, ns xounst been disappointing 

board predicted earnings from X . “Advance bookings 

on last year's ^SOm iUre rc . self-catering accommoda- 


SSyo^untfl get '“‘fie^Srd predicted that 

KT-d JgS !^nStsT984fi^offi^ 

heavily on rndoOT enier^ Son tourist nights, 
inents, which will always keep Scar 5 0 rough blamed the 

us popular.” protouged winter for putting 

But Torbay expects tote 10 bffhoh^ makers at thesfart 

per cent down on last years ofthe season, but said hotels 
10.3 million visitors. ^ benefited - from a heavy 

“We caB this coastline the demanc j for business con- 
Engfish Riviera and we are ferences. . . 

hSi% dependent on Bournemouth reported that 

weather, so AM May an* indedsive.toimsKwsre n^t- 
June were poor months for . booldngs ma 

us,” the tourist board sia diat the qmet start to the 
Business bad P*d»d P summer was improving. 
markedly in July, and August “There appears to bea trend j .busy . W 10Mrds bier holidays to 

“mtchy and oimcuiL . visitors unvugu ^ 

SbWcSSSa**. «*.«««• of 

g«- s «s -5 

“Because we had sueb an such as Wert- 

appalling spitog. 0 ^™^ SS Ssommet, with a 36 


^vmghoteiiere heart Mure; 

“The financial targets set for London 1 cost per mile I 

Regional Tbansport soon after its formation INDEX 1980 = 100 •; 

in June 1984 , were demanding enough 
to convince many critics that achievement 110 

must inevitably result in drastic cuts in 

services and heavy loss of passengers. I am m Jr jV 

delighted to say the critics were wrong. ” ~~Z 

(Dr. K. Bright Chairman, London Regional Transport) wW^ ^-31^- — 

The critics were not just wrong, they 100 j g _V ^ v 

were way off the tracks. One target was to 

halve the revenue support required from - — “ w 

ratepayers and taxpayers to £95 million and 95 — — — — — — 

we are virtually there two years ahead of 

schedule. We have also steadily improved our <T 

efficiency Costs per mile have been reduced " ' ^ , M1 , w , TO;5 ,« l 5 

and miles per employee increased. More SSSSgkjund 

I i ’ ~ ~ = : " = - - = 5 - = ' - 

Proof that our plans 
for Buses and Tubes were a move 

in the right direction. 

1'; - •=■ '■ ------ ■ - ======= = 

I miles per employee 1 importantly we’ve maintained a high level of : 
INDEX 1980 = 100 ^ service and improved the travelling environ- • | 

ment The Underground, which is becoming ; j 
110 -j- progressively cleaner and brighter, and:j 

^ therefore more pleasant to use, carried more j 

J passengers than any time in its long history;: 

105 “ T There are still further possibilities for j 

1 — __ improvements to make L.RT once again the I 

100 i f envy of the world by providing a high level of j 

/ service and giving better value for money to j 

passengers, ratepayers of Greater London j 

95 — — — - and taxpayers of the country But, ! 

we’re sure you’ll agree, bearing MESSMI 

'<T our recent success in mind, that ^ j 

0 1980 1981 1982 1983. 1984/51985/6 were going along the right lines. ; 

■MM BUSES Conies of tbe 1985/6Aimual Report and Accounts are available at £2 each from London Regonallriinsport Information Centres. ’. 

■^■S UNDERGROUND OTbyi^prt^sa^fromTteDirectorofAdminismi^ ; 


INDEX 1980 = 100 


er i^onaon 

1980 1981 1982 1983. 1984/5 1985/6 




This September, the TSB Group share offer is 
going ahead. So if you like the idea of owning a 
bank, your chance has come. 

The TSB Group would like as many people as 
possible to think about buying their shares. 

Ifs not a privatisation: the Government won't 
get a penny. The proceeds will be used to develop 
the TSB and its wide range of services. 

The TSB has already developed from a single 
strongbox in Dumfriesshire into a major financial 
services group, with nearly 1,600 branches in all 
parts of Britain. 

How many shares can you buy? How much will 
they cost? 

Make sure you find out by registering with the 
TSB Group Share Information Office. 

You'll receive information about the TSB and 
about buying and selling shares. You'll be sent a 
prospectus and application form as soon as they’re 
published. And you'll be under no obligation. 

Send in the coupon now, call at any TSB branch 
or phone 0272 300 300, 

Now it’s your turn to say yes. 

lb: TSB Group Share Information Office, PO Box 330 ‘ 
Bristol, BS99 7TT. Please send me, without obligation, 
information about the TSB Group Share Offer 




Issued bv Lazard Brothers & Cc lumisc through the TSE Group Snare Information Office on mzsJ z*. tae Thjstee Savmos Banks Centra, zz arc 

If you hold an account with a j— r 
TSB bank please tick the box. 1 — * 


* fr * * 

»nc i uvLfc* 'i UES0AY JULY 22 i*ob 

w * Li\*>i<nj i'lLi «* u 

Madrid Defence Ministry 
shelled by terrorists 

Fr0ni I Ma£S ebefiBB ^ 

French co-operation with Ma- 

Susnertod d S"’ d in fight against 

=“Jg®ctaate|ue terronsts B»que separatist terrorism. 
." ,ne K Pfopte here w The attack on the Defence' 
a^k° t lw ™*& Mmi^on Madrid-s bread. 

“*■ b0mb 

Spatn Squad, pari of the 

22S.S* ° f tI ? e ouUa wed 
secessionist oi^amzarron Eta. 

carae three days after France 
deported a suspected Eta lead- 
3J? ®p®“» and Just one day 
th A n ? IM * Foreign Min- 
ister, M Jean-Bernard Rai- 
mond, aid that his Gov- 
ernment intended to extradite 
more suspected activists. 

The attack occurred a week 
“Jer an Eta car bomb in 
Madrid killed 10 members of 
the paramilitary Civil Guard. 

That fatal blast came on the 
eve of the first gathering of the 
newly-elected Spanish Parlia- 
ment, with the formation of 
committees. The latest inci- 
dent came on the eve of the 
formal inaugural session of 
the Parliament, at which Se- 
flor Felipe Gonzdiez, leader of 
the Socialist Party, is expected 
to. be reaffirmed as Prime 

About 700 pro-Eta rioters in 
San Sebastian burned a Span- 
ish Army Jeep and three 
vehicles/ with French licence 
plates oh Sunday night. They 
also threw petrol bombs at the 
regional army headquarters, 
in protest at the increasing 

tank rocket grenades were 
fired at the principal facade of 
the building. One of the 
rounds fell shod. Another 
exploded in a temporarily 
vacant sixth-floor office, just 
above an office occupied by 
Sen or Narcts Serra, the Minis- 
ter of Defence. Others dam- 

aged seventh and eighth-floor 
offices. Vice-Admiral Carlos 
Vila Miranda, the Defence 
Ministry's chief of education, 
was slightly injured. 

Police discovered the car 
from which the projectiles had 
been launched, but shortly 
afterwards it exploded. Three 
policemen, a doorman, three 
passengers on a passing city 
bus, and a bystander were 

Another explosion 15 min- 
utes later, thought to be the 
charge of one of the rockets 
which had not been fired. 

Paris threatens to oust 
more Spanish refugees 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 
M Jean-Bemrd fiaimoni, Spanish citizens 
the French Minister of For- 
eign Affairs, has warned that 
there conld be further expul- 
sions m the near future of 

Jose Varonn L6pez: terror 
suspect expelled by France. 

who have 
taken refuge in France. 

M Raiinoud will be visiting 
Madrid next week for talks 
with his Spanish counterpart, 
Sehor Francisco Fernfindez 
OrdfeAez. His statement came 
after (he “urgent” expulsion 
on Friday night of a presumed 
Eta member, Jos£ Varona 
Upez, to Spain. 

This is only the second time 
(bat France 1ms expelled 
Spanish Basques living in the 
French Basque country to 
Spain and the first time that it 
has been done under the 
heading of “vitally urgent”, 
without a court case. M 
Raimond explained (hat Lopez 
did not hold refugee status. 

The official explanation for 
the expulsion was that Ldpez 
was preparing terrorist acts. 

caused no casualties as police 
had cleared the area. 

Subsequent lip-offs * at 
least one of them apparently 
true — about explosives in 
other parked cars on other 
principal streets nearby, con- 
tributed loa major traffic jam. 
Police were said to have de- 
activated a bomb in a car on 
Calle Serrano. They blocked 
the Avenida de la Castellana 
for about three hours, then 
reopened only the central 
lanes until late in the 

The most seriously iqjurcd 
was the doorman. Four others 
were released from hospital 
after treatment in the after- 

Police investigations re- 
vealed that the rockets were 
fired from tubes mounted for 
the purpose on a roof-rack on 
a car. They were hidden by a 
canvas cover. Police believe 
they were fired by remote 
control after having been 
aimed at the upper floors of 
the ministry. The car bomb 
was also remotely activated. 

The method used in the 
attack on the ministry was 
similar to an unsuccessful 
attack carried out by Eta here 
last May. when three rockets 
were fired by remote control 
from a parked car at the 
passing automobile of Senor 
Antonio Hernandez Gil. presi- 
dent of the Superior Council 
of Judicial Authorities. 

One of those rockets lodged 
unexpioded in the boot of 
Senor Hernandez Gil's car 
and the other two missed. 

French agents deal 
thrown into chaos 

From Richard Long, Wellington 

New Zealand's deal with 
France over the release of the 
two French agents jailed for 
their part in the Rainbow 
Warrior sabotage was thrown 
into confusion yesterday after 
Mr Colin Amery, an Auckland 
lawyer and seif-described psy- 
chic, started a private prosecu- 
tion of them. 

The Registrar of the Auck- 
land District Court, Mr Alan 
McGuflbg. accepted a sum- 
mons for the two agents to 
appear in court on September 
12, even though — under the 
terms of the Rainbow Warrior 
arbitration with France — they 
were to leave New Zealand by 
the end of this week. 

Under the ruling by the 
United Nations Secretary- 
General, Senor Javier Perez de 
Cuellar, the agents were to be 
released into French custody 
on the atoll of Hao in ex- 
change for an apology from 
France, compensation of £4.3 
million and an end to trade 

It was widely believed in 
Wellington that the agents 
would be flown from New 
Zealand by the Air Force 
tomorrow to a Pacific island 
transfer location. 

Bui the Prime Minister. Mr 
David Lange, said the agents 
would not be released if the 
courts could not resolve the 
upset by Friday. 

•it is up. to the Solicitor- 
General. it is up to the courts. 

I am certainly not going to 
give any political direction," 
he said. 

“The point is whether the 
judicial and legal system re- 
solves it by Friday, and if they 
can't, then of course the agents 
will not go by Friday.” Mr 
Lange said the French would 
be told of the upset, but he did 
not believe the court action 
sabotaged the arbitration. 

“International legal ar- 
rangements are not damned 
by an act which it is impossi- 
ble for a government to lake," 
he said. 

He was sceptical about the 
chances of the court action 
proceeding, (minting out that 
the agents — Dominique 
Prieur and Alain Mafart — had 
been jailed for 10 years for 
manslaughter. Irwas a basic 
rule oflaw that they could not 
be tried again on the same 
facts, he said. . ... 

Mr Amery has charged the 
agents with delivering explo- 
sives toiwo fellow-agents with 
reckless disregard for the crew 
of the Rainbow Warrior. 

Police are expected to visit 
Prieur and Mafart in their 
cells in the next few days, 
ordering them to appear in 
court for a pre-trial hearing on 
the charge on September 1 2. 

Mr Gerard Cuny, the law- 
yer representing Prieur and 
Mafart. said that he did not 
expect his diems’ departure to 
be delayed. 

Rome asks 
Craxi to 
try again 

Rome — President Cossiga 
of Italy last night asked Signor 
Bettino Craxi, the outgoing 
Prime Minister, to try to form 
a new government (Peter 
Nichols writes). / 

The move marked the, end of 
the attempt by Signor; Giulio 
Andreotti, a leading Christian 
Democrat, to take over leader- 
ship of the Government from 
the Socialists. 

Signor Craxi, who led the 
longest-lived government in 
the republic’s history, ^ re- 
signed on June 27 after three 
years as Prime Minister. 

His defeat was signalled 
with a .secret vote and was 
partly due to a breakdown m 
the coalition's loyalties. . 
When Signor Craxi re- 

that he would bf the first to fee 
offered the chance to ^ 


fused to cooperate, wjb 
Signor Andreotti, despite the 
faetthat he was the Foreign 


enUp would be treated a tbe 
same way. ~ 

Reply lifts arms hopes 

fr His letter to Mr Gorbachov, 

flic Soviet leader, makes it 
clear that his controversial 
Strategic Defence Initiative 
(SDD research programme is 
not a bargaining chip. But it is 
understood the letter may. 

Paris hit 
again by 

From Our Correspondent 

A bomb containing more 
than 21b of explosives in a car 
parked outside the Organiza- 
tion for Economic Co-opera- 
tion and Development’s Pans 
headquarters exploded yester- 
day morning, causing wide- 
spread damage but no injuries. 

The car was parked near an 
entrance to the OECD offices, 
in Rue Franqueville near the 
Bois de Boulogne, which has 
recently been closed for secu- 
rity reasons, Windows in the 
building and in flats across the 
street were blown out 
The French left-wing terror- 
ist organization. Action 
Directe. yesterday claimed 

This is the third bomb 
explosion in Paris in the last 
two weeks. Action Directe was 
responsible for those at the 
police anti-gang unit's head- 
quarters on July 9, which 

killed a police inspector, and 

on July 6 at the offices of Air 
Liquide and Thomson. 

The mother of Max Frerot, 
believed to be an Action 
Directe member, who has 
been dubbed the most wanted 
man in France, has appealed 
to her son to give hunself up. 
rather than risk bong killed in 
a police ambush. 

. Washington 
President Reagan's draft m- 
ply 1 » the latest triMM 
Soviet arms proposals rased 
the prospect of iiMouaums 

onkSaSccts of nuclear ajms ^ possibility of 

control, possibly including for several years the 

strengthening the rofneretone ^ of any- defoisive 

1972 . Anti-Balhstio Missile Spoils that may be devel- 

T TTie reply, due Id be ddiv- hopes his reply 

ered to Moscow bytheend of ^ lead fixmg of a date 

the month, is this week being f summit with Mr 

shown to Britain and other ^^ov. 

Nate allies. 1 

Crisis is 
on islands 

By Rodney Cowton 

A crisis in Britain's relations 
with a liny dependency in the 
Caribbean could flare up this 
week when the Foreign and 
Commonwealth Office an- 
nounces what action it is to 
take as the result of an inquiry 
into evidence of arson and 
corruption in the Turks and 
Caicos Islands, 

As usual. Britain has a 
frigate, the Ariadne, on patrol 
in the Caribbean, and British 
troops appear to have been 
placed on a high state of alert 
in case they are needed. 

The spearhead battalion, 
which is kepi on stand-by for 
emergencies, is the 2nd Battal- 
ion, the Parachute Regiment, 
though it is shortly due to be 
relieved by the 3rd Battalion, 
the Royal Regiment of 

The inquiry, which was 
conducted by Mr Louis Blom- 
Cooper QC. was set up by the 
Foreign Office "in the inter- 
ests of good government", and 
there are fears in the islands 
that the British Government 
may order a dissolution of the 
islands' government. 

Mr Nathaniel Francis, Chief 
Minister since March 1985, 
has been reported as saying he 
would not accept a dissolution 
ordered by the British Gover- 
nor, Mr Christopher Turner, 
though yesterday he said that, 
after consultation with his 
ministers, it had been agreed 
he would make no comment. 

The Foreign and Common- 
wealth Office refused to say 
what action it was planning in 
the light of Mr Blom-Cooper’s 
report, which was received on 
July 4. A statement is expected 
to be made in Parliament 
within the next few days. 
Suggestions that Britain might 
take over direct rule of the 
islands were being discounted 
in London. 

The inquiry was set up after 
local investigations into the 
causes of a fire, which gutted a 
government building Iasi New 
Year’s Eve on Grand Turk , 
revealed evidence not only of 
arson but also of a possible 
conspiracy to commit that and 
other offences. 

In 1985 Mr Norman 
Saunders, the former Chief 
Minister, was jailed in Florida 
for his part in a drug smug- 
gling plot. 

The islands have a popula- 
tion of about 8,000 and de- 
pend heavily on tourism, 
offshore finance and fishing. 

Berlin spy 

From Our Correspondent 

West Germany yesterday 
ended an inter-German row 
by dropping an espionage 
charge against an Easi Ger- 
man accused of being a dou- 
ble-defector and spy. 

A few hours later Professor 
Herbert Meissner, aged 59. 
was on his way home after 
spending about a week in 
hiding in the East German 
diplomatic mission in Bonn. 

The East Germans claimed 
that Herr Meissner, an econo- 
mist and deputy general secre- 
tary of the East German Acad- 
emy of Scientists, had found 
.refuge in the mission after 
escaping from West German 
intelligence, men who. had 
kidnapped him. The West 
Germanssaid he had defected, 
but disappeared- after three 
days of questioning. . 

The row embarrassed Bonn 
as it feared East-West German 
relations would be harmed if a 
“speedy and practical” solu- 
tion was not found. 

Bonn's hopes for this rose 
last weekend when Herr Wolf- 

S ing Vogel, the veteran East 
erman spy-swap lawyer, be- 
gan talks in the West German 
capital with Herr Ludwig 
Rchlingcr, the government 

The conflict was solved 
early yesterday when Dr Kurt 
Rebmann, the West German 
public prosecutor, announced 
that he had stopped an investi- 
gation of Herr Meissner on 
suspicion of spying. 

chief jailed 
in Germany 

From Our Correspondent, 

Manfred Rotsch, a former 
senior manager with a West 
German aerospace firm who 
spied for the KGB for 30 
years, was yesterday jailed for 
8Y: years. The Bavarian High 
Court also ordered confisca- 
tion of DM 18.000 (£5.625) of 
a total of DM 25,000 Moscow 
paid him. 

Rotsch, aged 62, a former 
department head with Messer- 
schmitt-BoIkow-Blohm, was 
convicted of having given the 
KGB a "mass" of secret 

A Madrid policeman orders crowds away from a car destroyed by a terrorist bomb. 

Sout h Africa embarrassment for Reagan 

Black envoy plan collapses 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

President Reagan's plan to 
nominate a black business- 
man as ambassador to Pre- 
toria collapsed yesterday, 
causing great embarrassment 
to the White House and 
forcing hurried changes in Mr 
Reagan's policy speech on 
South Africa today. 

Mr Robert Brown, who 
owns a public relations firm in 
North Carolina, said he had 
asked the White House to 
withdraw his name from con- 
sideration to avoid further 
painful publicity for himself 
and his family. 

“It has been hectic and very 
painful. I am not used to the 
limelight as such,” he told a 
press conference. “I have 
avoided publicity all my life. I 
didn't seek this and I won't be 
seeking any publicity in the 

He had been strongly criti- 

cized by labour leaders be- 
cause his company, B & C 
Associates, allegedly engaged 
in union-busting activities in 
North Carolina. 

There has also been concern 
about bis friendship with Mr 
Umaro Dikko. a former Nige- 
rian official who fled after a 
coup at the end of 1983. Mr 
Dikko has denied allegations 
by the Nigerian Government 
that he took several million 

Questions about the ethics 
surrounding a SS60.000 
(£573.000) government con- 
tract, received by a partner- 
ship in which Mr Brown was 
involved, added to doubts 
whether President Reagan 
would stand by his choice. 

The White House said it 
regretted Mr Brown's with- 
drawal. fn truth, it was dearly 

Union leaders call for 
action against Pretoria 

Mr Norman 
General Secretary of tbe TUC, 
and Mr Ron Todd, its interna- 
tional committee chairman, 
yesterday called for talks with 
Mrs Thatcher on sanctions 
against South Africa. 

After returning from a visit 
to South Africa, (bey said "a 

The British Council of Chur- 
ches yesterday called for 
"carefully targeted sanctions" 
to bring South Africa to the 
negotiating table. 

great well of bitterness" was 
building up there. 

Mr Todd said his muon, the 
Transport and General Work- 
ers — Britain’s Largest — would 
be considering action of its 
own to help end apartheid. He 
refused, however, to give more 

Mr Willis spoke of the need 
for a meeting with the Prime 
Minister, saying she ‘‘might 

By Our Foreign Staff 

Willis, the do well to hear ns and go there 

The union leaders said it 
was apparent that, when the 
imminent change -came in 
South Africa, Britain would 
frozen out. 

• Meetings blocked: 'Hie For- 
eign Office is obstructing lead- 
ers of moderate black opinion 
in South Africa from meeting 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 
eign and Commonwealth Sec- 
retary, If was claimed 
yesterday (Rodney Cowton 

Mr Norman Richmond, the 
director of the Foundation for 
African Research, said Bishop 
Isaac Mokoena, the bead of 
the Reform Independent 
Church Association, had of- 
fered to lead a delegation of 50 
black representatives to meet 
Sir Geoffrey, hot bad received 
a discouraging letter from the 
Foreign Office saying his time 
was [united. 

relieved and may have asked 
for it. 

It said a search for another 
candidate would continue "on 
ihe basis of the best qualified 
person for the job". But there 
seems little doubt that the 
White House still hopes to 
find a suitable black for the 
post, in the hope that it will 
ease some of the pressure for a 
more resolute stand against 
the Government in Pretoria. 

Mr Reagan's speech this 
afternoon - which was to 
have contained the announce- 
ment of the plan to send Mr 
Brown to Pretoria — may hold 
out the eventual prospect of 
some further action against 
South Africa if there is not 
clear evidence of a willingness 
to end apartheid. 

Bui be will stand by his 
refusal to impose punitive 
economic and diplomatic 

Lange doubts 
boycott will 
move Thatcher 

From Our Correspondent 

Mr David Lange, the New 
Zealand Prime Minister, yes- 
.terday . warned . nations boy- 
cotting the Commonwealth 
Games that their actions 
would make Mrs Thatcher 
even more obdurate. 

Mr Lange said he could 
understand the passionate in- 
tensity of nations which had 
withdrawn from the Games, 
but added: "The one sure way 
to make Mrs Thatcher carry 
on in the ‘current coarse is to be 
as strident and obstructive of 
her as possible, f think she is 
actually fortified by that in her 

Mr Lange said the boycott 
would "entrench Mrs Thatch- 
er in her determination. Can 
she now be seen to capitulate 
to this? The answer would be 
inconsistent with every' politi- 
cal statement and position she 
has ever taken." 

Tutu presses Botha on detentions 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

President Botha and Bishop the two men have met face-to- by President Botha, at Bishop 

face. Their first encounter was 

Desmond Tutu, the black 
Anglican Bishop of Johannes- 
burg, met for two hours in 
Pretoria yesterday to discuss 
the state of emergency and 
other issues. 

It was only the second time 


on June 13 in Cape Town, the 
day after the stale of emergen- 
cy was declared. Both meet- 
ings were at Bishop Tutu's 

Apart from an undertaking 

President Botha with Bishop Totn in Pretoriayesterday. 

Tutu's request, to "have cer- 
tain individual cases (of de- 
tained clergymen) again prop- 
erly considered", nothing 
much of substance seems to 
have been agreed. 

President Botha said he had 
disagreed with Bishop Tutu 
that the situation had deterio- 
rated since the slate of 

Meanwhile, the Govern- 
ment's Bureau for Inform a- 
lion said in Pretoria that the 
police were investigating an 
allegation by Dr Allan Boesak, 
the Coloured Dutch Re- 
formed Church opponent of 
the Government, that on Sun- 
day evening a tear-gas cannis- 
ier was fired through the 
window of his car. 

Guru’s disciples rise to the occasion 

From Michael Hamlyn 

Disciples of his holiness 
Mahans hi Mahesh Yogi held 
the first international yogk 
flying competition in Delhi 
last night, climax of national 
competitions involving terit- 
ators from 38 countries. 

The maharishi is best 
known for haring popularized 
the technique known as Tran- 
scendental Meditation, and 
perhaps best remembered 
from the days of flower power 
and hippiedom when be was 

Yogic flying according to 
the maharishPs disciples, an 
example of tbe kW of 
meditations! concentration 
th at will bring aboat world 
peace. But his disoptes today 
are a far cry fram {be P? 
days. They are cool and effi- 
citsti in lightwetght teing 
sails and close hamate, 
grees in bnsiness adnuwsfra- 
tion, and an intense look m 
their eye$* 

The actual business of fly- 
ing looked a lot like children's 
rabbit races, as otherwise 
sensible-looking young men 
with their legs locked in tire 
lotus position bounded with 
their eyes tightly dosed along 
trades laid out on foam-rubber 
mattresses. The gait was 
something tike that used by 
the legless beggars in the 1 
Connanght Circus visited by 
tourists near by. Women com- 
petitors also flew, b ut the y 
were behind a massive curtain 
and only to he seen by female 

Of course, the demonstm* 
tion was not fully-fledged fly- 
ing. This was merely “bopp- 
ing”, stage one of a three-stage 
development Ihe competitors 
spent five minutes in silent 
meditation in the lotus posi- 
tion before — as it was 
explained by Dr Bevan Morris 
— the coherence of their brain 
waves became such that their 
bodies began hopping all by 

“It is without intention and 

without physical effort,” said 
Dr Morris, who is the presi- 
dent of the maharishTs own 
university in Fairfield, Iowa. 

Stage two of yogic flying 
conies when the bodies do not 
merely bop, but rise and hover 
a few inches above tbe ground. 
Directional flight comes in 
stage three. Unfortunately, 
yesterday's demonstration at 
the massive Indira Gandhi 
Stadium in Delhi indoded 
neither stage two nor three. 

And what has all this to do 
with world peace? According 
to a succession of neatiy- 
groomed young men with im- 
pressive degrees in physics 
and medicine, many from uni- 
. ersities other than Fairfield, 
Iowa, the coherence in the 
brains of the transcendental 
meditators en a bli n g the indi- 
vidual to fly is sufficient in the 
mass to change the world. 

"War is caused,” Ifr Morris 
told ns, “by a build-up of 
stress in the collective con- 
sciousness of the world. The 
stress boflds up until it ex- 

plodes amt a catastrophe 

Bat the zuabansni has dis- 
covered that his new technol- 
ogy ran create a unified field 
between people as well as 
within an individual. By in- 
volving this field it spreads 
coherence throughout the en- 
tire environment," . 

According to the ntahansbi 
- who was not present at 
yesterday’s event bnt was rep- 
resented by another Indian 
boly man, his holiness Jagad 
Guru Shankaracharya — it 
needs (mly the square root of 1 

per cent of the five billion 
world population to create 
sufficient coherence to spread 
throughout tbe globe. 

The maharishi is therefore 
building a township outside 

Delhi where he will establish a 
community of 10,000 

Observers were confident 
yesterday that, by the time all 
10,000 were capable of direc- 
tional flight, peace in the 
world would indeed be uni- 

Chirac claims 
working well 

Paris - In his first full-scale 
press conference since becom- 
ing Prime Minister four 
months ago, M Jacques Chirac 
played down the recent differ- 
ences between him and Presi- 
dent Mitterrand and said he 
saw no reason why "cohab- 
itation" should not last (Susan 
MacDonald writes). 

He said that throughout the 
election campaign his party 
continued to evoke the possi- 
bility of cohabitation, with a 
head of state and a Prime 
Minister coming from two 
different political families. 

Appearing calm and good- 
humoured and very much in 
command of the situation, M 
Chirac refused to be drawn on 
President Mitterrand's refusal 
to sign the Government's 
decree on privatization of 
certain nationalized indus- 

He did not feel that presi- 
dential power had been dimin- 
ished under cohabitation. 

for fire 

Schwandorf. West Germa- 
ny (Reuter) — Fire caused 
£790.000 damage yesterday at 
a company involved in budd- 
ing the Wackersdorf nuclear 
waste reprocessing plant and 
police said they suspected 
arson by anti-nuclear pro- 

Inflammable liquid spread 
around the grounds started the 
blaze at a cement haulage 
company in the Bavarian 
town of Schwandorf. close to 
the Czechoslovak border. 

The fire damaged three 
lorries and three cement mix- 
ers as well as the company 

Irish UnifU 
soldier killed 

| Beirut (Reuter) — Private 
'Paul Fageny, aged 23, an Irish 
(Soldier with the United Na- 
tions Interim Force in Leba- 
non. was killed and two others 
'were injured when their 
armoured vehicle overturned 
accidentally in south 

He was the I2Sth Uniffl 
soldier to die in Lebanon since 
the peacekeeping force was 
deployed in 1978. 

Stolen police 
car kills 6 

Moorestown, New Jersey 
(AP) - Police are discussing 
what charges should be 
brought against a man accused 
of driving a stolen police car 
that rammed inro another 
vehicle and killed six people. 

Police said four adults and 
two children died on Sunday 
when Steven Bolling, aged 25, 
driving a stolen police car and 
being chased by officers at 80 
mph. crossed a red light and 
smashed into their car. 

Six executed 

Bissau (AFP) - The former 
deputy leader of Guinea-Bis- 
sau. Mr Paulo Correia, and 
five others have been executed 
for attempting to stage a coup, 
the Foreign Minister, Mr Julio 
Semeda. said yesterday. He 
did not say when the execu- 
tions were carried oul 

Stand easy 

Jakarta (Reuter) — A 20- 
year-old university student 
called Sunardi stood still in 
Semarang for 1 5 hours and 25 
seconds to break the Guinness 
Book of Records mark for 
standing rigidly still, formerly 
13 hours set by Willie Nugent 
of England. 

Trains crash 

Delhi (Reuter) - Ten peo- 
ple were killed and 17 injured 
when a crowded passenger 
train and a goods train collid- 
ed head-on in Gomoh station 
in Bihar, northern India. 

Bare facts 

Peking (Reuter) - Women 
will wear bikinis in public in 
China for the first time at a 
body-building contest this No- 
vember, despite strong oppo- 
sition from some quarters. 
Bikinis are not on sale in 

Court queue 

Delhi (Reuter) - A total of 
543,963 lawsuits were waiting 
to be heard in India's courts at 
the end of 1985. and more 
than 10,000 constitutional 
cases were awaiting decisions 
by the Supreme Court. 

Mother held 

Tokyo (AP) - Police arrest- 
ed a 41-year-old bar hostess 
and accused her of killing all 
her nine babies in the past 10 
years and keeping ihe bodies 
in a paper box at home. 

120 years jail 

Sydney (Reuter) - A 40- 
year-old’ man dubbed Syd- 
neys "Night Stalker" has been 
sentenced to a total of 120 
years in jail after pleading 
guilty to 15 charges of sexual 
assault on women and young 
children between 1983 and 

Tanker toll 

Oslo - Iniertanko, the asso- 
ciation of independent tanker 
owners based in Oslo, has 
recorded 107 attacks on tank- 
ers in the Gulf since war broke 
out between Iran and Iraq, 
with the loss of 83 lives. 

Border talks 

Peking (AFP) — China and 
India began a seventh round 
of talks on their mutual border 
in an atmosphere clouded by 
mutual allegations of recent 

Artful dodgers 

Perth (Reuter) - Two teen-, 
agers stole the wallet of a- 
magistrate who had just heard 
theft charges against them, 
and escaped through the 
courthouse roof before they 
were caught 

Heavy scene 

Givskud. Denmark (Reu- 
ter) - Frederik, a 16-year-old 
elephant, fell on his side in a 
lake at a Danish nature park 
after fleeing seven amorous 
she-elephants and had to be 
righted by rescue services 
using a crane to lift his ihree- 
ton weight. 




* * v * 

Japan dashes foreign 
hopes on trade and 
cuts back on spending 

Japan has put national in- 
terests to the fore and set strict 
spending limits for next year, 
shrugging off demands from 
the United Slates and Europe 
that it should pour more 
money into its economy to 
boost imports and cut its huge 
trade surplus. 

As the Cabinet gave its 
stamp of approval to stern 
Finance Ministry recommen- 
dations yesterday, Mr Yasu- 
hiro Nakasone, the Prime 
Minister, did some serious 
horse-trading with the other 
leaders of his ruling Liberal 
Democratic Party (LDP) on 
the main party and govern- 
ment posts for the immediate 

LDP leaks from the meeting 
revealed that Mr Nakasone, 
fresh from a landslide election 
victory this month, has won 
an extension of his current 
term in power, ending in 
October, by giving his poten- 
tial successors and rival LDP 
faction leaders the second and 
third posts in the party. 

The Cabinet put a ceiling of 
32.930 billion yen (£141.6 
billion) on government spend- 
ing for the fiscal year 1987, 
starting on April I, in an 
attempt to trim top-heavy 
bureaucracy and cut down a 
government debt which, in 
relative terms, is bigger than 
the US deficit 

The spending limit, which is 
a mere 1 per cent above this 
year's outlay, means that all 
sectors except defence and 
overseas aid will suffer real 
cuts. Even defence, an area 
favoured by Mr Nakasone, 
will not get the 7.2 per cent 
rise requested. 

The military has been al- 

From A Correspondent, Tokyo 

lowed a 6.3 per cent rise in its 
budget to 3,554 billion yen. 
The Finance Ministry was 
adamant that the rise in the 
yen against the dollar and the 
fall in world oil prices would 
allow the forces to buy cheaper 
weapons and cut transport 

A big defence expense next 
year could be for a new 

Island ban ends 

Tokyo — The Soviet Union 
agreed yesterday that Japa- 
nese citizens wishing to visit 
the graves of their ancestors 
on two islands north of Japan 
which are now Soviet military 
bases can do so without visas 
(our Correspondent writes). 

The Japanese Foreign Min- 
istry said Moscow had agreed 
after a 10-year ban to re-open 
the islands, which it took from 
Japan along with two other 
islands in the dosing days of 
the Second World War. 

Japan had argned_ that a 
visa requirement implied Sovi- 
et ownership of the islands. 

generation of fighter plane. 
Japan is still not sure if it 
should make its own. 

The Government also de- 
cided to boost overseas aid by 
7.5 per cent to 668 billion yen 

just' when Japan is seeking to 
extend its influen 

] uence abroad. 

But the Cabinet also an- 
nounced that, despite its firm 
policy to get Japan out of its 
current fiscal mess, it would 
remain open to further bud- 
getary considerations, which 
is likely to mean a few trillion 
yen extra to pump up domes- 
tic demand later in the year. 

LDP sources, perhaps in 

expectation of disappoint- 
ment abroad at the strict 
budget, said that Mr Naka- 
sone win, when he forms a 
new Cabinet today, appoint 
his intra-party rival, Mr Kiichi 
Miyazawia, as Finance Minis- 
ter in place of Mr Noboru 
Takeshita. Mr Miyazawa is 
known for advocating greater 
monetary and fiscal stimula- 
tion of the Japanese economy 

Mr Nakasone will certainly 
be confirmed as Prime Minis- 
ter in today’s special session of 
Parliament. Political analysts 
and LDP sources now think 
that Mr Nakasone will stay in 
power from between six 
months to more than a year. 

The two primary candidates 
for the succession have al- 
ready agreed that he should 
stay on longer to carry out his 
main policies — partly because 
they are not ready to challenge 
him seriously, and partly be- 
cause his record election tri- 
umph has made him almost 
inviolable. Mr Takeshita and 
the Foreign Minister, Mr 
Shintaro Abe, have instead 
agreed to give up their execu- 
tive posts for the key party 

Mr Takeshita, Med 62, who 
is still building up firm control 
of the LDP's biggest faction, 
has become the party's secre- 
tary-general, putting him first 
in line as the next Prime 

Mr Abe, also aged 62. 
becomes third in rank as 
chairman of the LDP Execu- 
tive Council. Mr Takeshita 
replaces Mr Shin Kanemaru, 
party stalwart and chief be~ 
hind-the-scenes mover, who is 
stepping down to allow these 
new leaders their head. 

Modai hits Peres 
with final insult 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 
Mr Yitzhak Modai, Israel's in his resignation at a special 

razor-tongued Justice Minis- 
ter. opted to resign from the 
Government yesterday rather 
than wait to be sacked for his 
fresh and probably calculated 
attack on Mr Shimon Peres, 
the Prime Minister. 

This time Mr Modai was 
extremely rode about die way 
Mr Peres handled die so- 
called Shin Bet affair, with its 
involved allegations of miscon- 
duct by the counter-intelli- 
gence agency . and senior 

Cabinet meeting called by Mr 
Peres to deal with his rebel- 
lions minister. 

Mr Modai, a qualified law- 
yer. had complained to the 
private meeting that, through- 
out the Shin Bet affair, Mr 
Peres had shown that be 
“knows as much about the law 
as he knows about eco- 
nomics”. He also said he felt 
bitter about his transfer. 

As reports of the meeting 
came out, he immediately 
accepted interviews to elabo- 

Scarcely three months ago rate on his comments. 

Silence on 

the Prime Ministerhad forced 
Mr Modai oat of the Finance 

Mr Modai: resignation 

averted coalition crisis. 
Ministry into the supposed 
backwater of the Justice Min- 
istry, after the outspoken Lib- 
eral Party leader accused him 
of being “a flying Prime 
Minister” with no nnderstand- 
ing of economics. 

In resigning yesterday Mr 
Modai averted a political cri- 
sis which could have brought 
down the coalition Govern- 
ment and so deprived Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir, the Liknd 
leader, of his promised chance 
of becoming Prime Minister 
from October. 

In stepping down, however, 
Mr Modai made it dear that 
be expects to be rewarded for 
his sacrifice by being brought 
back into the Cabinet as soon 
as Mr Shamir takes over. 

The insults that led to the 
resignation began at a private 
meeting in Mr Modai's home* 
town m Herzliya on Saturday, 
con tinned by way of television 
interviews and after a half- 
hearted radio apology on Sun- 
day, and culminated yesterday 
in unrepentant comments 
made shortly before he handed 

He told one interviewer that 
the first mistake in the Shin 
Bet affair was in leaking what 
was happening before it had 
been dealt with properly. He 
said the affair had weakened 
the Prime Minister's position 
as a politician, giving him 
considerable satisfaction. 

Asked why he had not given 
Mr Peres the chance last 
month to consider the appoint- 
ment of a new Attorney- 
General, be showed bow 
strong a grudge he still held 
for his transfer out of the 
Finance Ministry, where he 
could have claimed credit for 
Israel's economic recovery. “I 
gave Peres the same amount of 
time as be needed to transfer 
me,” he said. “I was not 
obliged to consult the Prime 
Minister on the Attorney- 
General's appointment This 
is the Justice Minister's 

While heaping insults on 
Mr Peres, Mr Modai went out 
of his way to be nice to Mr 
Shamir, the. Likud leader. 
“When Shamir takes over we 
shall not be in the hoe every 
other day." 

He admitted there was no 
love lost between him and Mr 
Peres, but he said be had only 
been relating facts, and if the 
Prime Minister had hem of- 
fended then he was sorry for 


Mr Peres, who had also 
threatened last November to 
dismiss his blunt Trade and 
Industry Minister, Mr Ariel 
Sharon, for Insulting him, was 
urged by his Labour Party 
colleagues not to even try to 
find a compromise with Mr 
Modai on this occasion. He 
was warned that to do so would 
mean a loss of credibility. 

Human rights 
lawyer is 

From Our Correspondent 
Jakar ta 

A leading human rights 
lawyer, Adrian Buyung Nas- 
ution, has been severely repri- 
manded by the Jakarta branch 
of the Indonesian Bar Associa- 
tion for contempt of court 
during the trial of a leading 
dissident last January. 

In a decision yesterday, the 
branch's ethics committee 
said Mr Nasution had been at 
fault when he called the judges 
in the trial “unethical". 

The remark that earned him 
the warning was made on the 
last day of the trial of Mr HR. 
Dharsono, a leading Indone- 
sian dissident and a former 
secretary-general of the Asso- 
ciation of South-East Asian 
Nations. He was jailed for 
seven years on subversion 

China claims 
it has radar 

Fran David Bonavia 
Hong Kong 

Chinese armed forces claim 
to have invented a white 
camouflage fabric that is im- 
pervious to radar, infra-red 
and ultra-violet rays, and ca- 
pable of concealing tanks, 
fighler aircraft and artillery 
from aerial surveillance. 

“It has a coating that has 
been researched ami turned 
ant by the scientific and 
technical personnel of the 
engineering corps over a peri- 
od of five years,” the Peking 
newspaper Guan&ming Ribao 
(Brightness Daily) said. 

Another form of Chinese 
radar camouflage has been 
described as "a device which 
can simulate the radar signals 
emitted by such military tar- 
gets as bridges, ferries and so I 
forth, to mislead the enemy." ] 

From Christopher Walker 

The Kremlin's new chief 
spokesman, Mr Gennady 
Gerasimov, yesterday refused 
to divulge details of the type of 
unauthorized experiment be- 
ing conducted at the Cher- 
nobyl unclear plant on April 
25 and blamed by an official 
investigation for the explosion. 

Questioned by Western cor- 
respondents, Mr Gerasimov 
said that it was not 
“important" to spell out the 
aims of the experiments being 
conducted by workers at the 
plant on their own initiative. 
The Politburo pledged that all 
those involved would be 
brought to triaL 

Mr Gerasimov, who ap- 
peared taken aback by the 
repeated questions, asked 
Western reporters what kind 
of further information they 
were seeking. “It is clearly 
evident that these experiments 
were being held at the initia- 
tive of the people involved. It 
was a very dangerous initi- 
ative," he said. 

The only doe so far made 
available in the Tass account 
of the report's presentation to 
the Politburo was that experi- 
ments “with turbogenerator 
regimes” were being conduct- 
ed by the workers without 
adequate permission. 

Mr Gerasimov was unable 
to say for certain if the full 
report of the state commission 
would be made public. 

To tiie surprise of reporters, 
be was also unable to provide 
the identity of the present 
chairman of the investigation 
commission. This was seen as 
indirect confirmation of ru- 
mours that the original chair- 
man, Mr Boris Shcherbina, 
has since suffered from exces- 
sive radiation. 

• VIENNA: A dosed meeting 
of 56 representatives of the 
International Atomic Energy 
Agency and nine international 
organizations began hoe yes- 
terday to seek ways to improve 
international co-operation in 
the event of nuclear accidents 
.(Richard Bassett writes). 


to expel 

From A Correspondent 


Expulsion from China is the 
most likely fate awaiting a 
New York Times correspon- 
dent detained for questioning 
,by authorities since last 
'Thursday, soirees hero said 

Mr John Baras, aged 41, 
'the paper's Peking bureau 
■diiei; was stopped from board- 
jina a plane with his fondly at 
Peking airport on Thorsday 
and detained, ac cu sed of espio- 
nage while on a motorcycle 
trip through centra! China 
earlier this month. 

Mr Barns, who holds dual 
British and Canadian titizea- 
ship, has not been formally 
charged or ar rested. Under 
Chinese law anyone can be 
detained for up to 10 days 
without cause, according to 
diplomats here. 

“There are three possible 
scenarios involving John 
Borns,” a Western expert on 
Chinese law said yesterday. 
“The Chinese could release 
him and say the whole thing 
has been a mistake, or they 
could release him aid expel 
him from the coon try for 
behaviour incompatible with 
his states, or they might arrest 
him, talc* him to trial and 
co mmi t him to the judicial 

If found gn3ty, Mr Burets 
could spend more than a year 
in prison, diplomats said yes- 
terday. fort that possibility is 
currently being discounted by 
many Westerners in Peking, 

His wife. Miss Jane Scott- 
Long, said yesterday: “John 
will be put on a plane out of the 
country without my seeing him 
— that's how I think h will 

The British Consol, Mr 
Frank Savage, and Mr Lynn 
Noah, a US Embassy press 
counsellor, visited Mr Burns 
in a cell at Public Security 
Bureau headquarters yester- 
day morning and presented 
their appeals to officials. 

The British Embassy later 
issued a statement in which 
Mr Burns was described as 

Mr John Bums, the journalist accused in Peking of spying, 
inside the Public Security Bureau compound yesterday. 

and well and in good 


“fit and 

Miss Scott-Long was al- 
lowed to spend more than 40 
minutes with her husband 
yesterday, but was not allowed 
to discuss his case with Him. 

She gave him a mask to 
protect his eyes from the cell 
lights, which are on 24 hours a 
day. Mr Burns's 12 ft by 18 ft 
ceil is padded. Miss Scott- 
Long said, and he is allowed to 
exercise outside twice a day. 

Mr AJVL Rosenthal, Execu- 
tive Editor of The New York 
Times, and Mr Warren Hoge, 
the paper’s Foreign Editor, 
visited Mr Bums and spoke to 
Public Security Bureau offi- 
cials yesterday afternoon. 

Tapes of yesterday's meet- 
ings must be transcribed be- 
fore a final decision on Mr 
Burns is made. Miss Scott- 
Long said. That could take two 
more days. 

Leading article, page 13 

Publicity alerted 
Bolivian cocaine 
producers to raids 

Jf .. w _ n™, 


A major anti-narcotics 
drive involving Amen ran 
troops in Bolivia has so for 
turned out to be abustonly for 

After four days of airborne 
raids, in which special squads 
of Bolivian police were flown 
US Army helicopters to 


suspected cocaine-processing 
factories deep in the northern 
jungle, only one such installa- 
tion has been located and one 
arrest made. 

It seems that the enormous 
publicity given to the opera- 
tion because of the American 
involvement has tipped off 
the drug traffickers. 

On the one successful raid — 
at a ranch called El Zorro (The 
Fox) — police found a labora- 
tory capable of producing 
3.300 ib of cocaine a week, 
two airstrips and accommoda- 
tion for 75 workers — includ- 
ing a basketball court and a 

But the place had been 
abandoned a week ' earlier, 
according to local Indians who 
witnessed the frantic activity 
there and the numerous flights 
in and out by light aircraft. 
The single arrest came purely 
fortuitously when a plane 
landed at the ranch during the 
raid: the 17-year-old co-pilot 
was detained as the pilot fled 
into the jungle. 

At least two subsequent 
raids turned out to be abortive 
due to “bad information". 
The targets proved to be 
innocent cattle ranchers. 

The weather then lent a 
hand at the weekend to botch 
the operations. Low cloud and 
heavy rain descended over the 
northern Beni region making 
further flights impossible, 
even for the six highly sophis- , 
ticated Biacfchawfc helicopters 

airlifted to Bolivia last week 
from the US Southern Com- 
mand in Panama. 

About 160 A men can sol- 
diers, pilots and engineers are 
taking part in the joint opera- 
tion, which is scheduled to last 
two months. But so vast is 
Bolivia's illegal drug-produc- 
ing network that the mission » 
likely to make only a small 
dent in a cocaine industry 
worth an estimated $3 billion 
to producers and traffickers. 

The raids are being aimed . 
initially at the clandestine 
laboratories where coka leaf is 
turned into a paste for ship- 
ment to refining plants, princi- 
pally in Colombia, Brazil and 

Bolivia's vast coka crop 
may not be affected. Estimates 
of the area under coka leaf 
vary from 90,000 to 300,000 

acres. The US State Depart- 
s of the 

ment says 35,000 tons 
leaf are produced annually, 
making Bolivia second to Peru 
as a producer. 

The US has withheld half 
the $14 million it was to have 
given as aid this year to. 
Bolivia because' it foiled to 
carry out a promise to eradi-. 
cate 10,000 acres, of the crop. 

Both the present and previa 
ous governments have been 
reluctant to risk losing support 
in the countryside by destroy- 
ing the livelihoods of tens of 
thousands of people. Nor, is 
Bolivia' prepared to damage its 
environment by spraying vast 
areas with chemicals. - 

Bui the main reason Bolivia 
is reluctant to act vigorously 
against its illegal drug industry 
may be- that its earnings- 
exceed the rest of the country’s 
$500 million gross national 
product in legitimate 

6 Jet set pusher’ held 

Paris (AFP) — Police seized 
.11 Ib of cocaine over the 
weekend and arrested the 
suspected main supplier of the 
drug to jet set and show 
business circles in the French 
capital, reliable sources said 

They said that Gerard 
Faure, aged 40, was believed 

to have built up an. affluent 
network over several years, 
buying the drugs through Rot- 
terdam in The Netherlands. 

Paris police also arrested 
four street dealers, believed to 
be working for a Colombian 
network, and seized 200 
grammes (about 6 oz) of 

Protests as pollution signs go up on Portuguese beaches 

Hotels angry over 
‘foolish’ warning 

From Martha de la Cal, Lisbon 
Hotel owners and muniri- Carcavelos beach — were in 

pal governments have protest- 
ed indignantly over the 
Ministry of Health's warning 
to bathers to stay off many of 
the beaches on Portugal's 
famous Costa do Sol, between 
Lisbon, Estoril and Cascais. 

Professor Rodney Cart- 
wright, director of the Public 
Health Laboratory in Guild- 
ford, Surrey, was called in to 
give his opinion on the 
amount of pollution on the 
beaches, which the Ministry of 
Health claimed was above 
EEC limits. 

He had been on a similar 
mission last summer to the 
Algarve, after impure drinking 
water and sewage in the sea at 

the immediate Estoril-Cascais 
area. "The others are down the 
coast towards Lisbon,” he 

Senhor d'Argant disputes 
the inclusion of Bafureira in 
the Government's list, saying 
that recent tests of the water 
there have shown it to be 

He objected to all of the 
beaches being put in the same 
category and said that the 
ministry's findings were based 
on tests made in April and 
May. before an elaborate 
pumping system had been 
installed on the beaches. 

Senhor d'Argant said that 
bis Cascais municipality has a 

modern laboratory which tests 

Albufeira had sent hundreds 
of British and Scandinavian 
tourists to hospital with gas- 
troenteritis and salmonella, 
prompting Portuguese au- 
thorities to take immediate 
measures to clean up the 

The Costa do Sol is 25 miles 
long. Most of the nine beaches 
considered too dangerous for 
bathing are nearer to Lisbon 
than to Estoril and Cascais. 

They are Alges, Cruz 
Quebrada, Caxias, Santo Am- 
aro de Oeiras, InateL, Torre, 
the west end of Carcavdos, 
Bafureira and the Praia do 
Peixe in Cascais. Warning 
ps have been posted on ail 
the contaminated beaches. 
The Mayor of Cascais, Se- 
nhor Georgs d’Argant, point- 
ed out that only two of the 
nine beaches — the Praia do 
Peixe and the west end of the 

the beach water every 1 5 days. 
“We have only two beaches 
that are polluted. The other 18 
are all dean," he said. 

Among the beaches given a ' 

clean bill of health by the 
mayor were the central and 
eastern beaches at Carcavdos, 
Parede, Sao Pedro do Estoril, 
Sao Joao do Estoril, Monte 
Estoril, Estoril-Tamariz, Con- 
ceicio in Cascais and Guin- 

Senhor Lima de Carvalho, 
general secretary of the Estoril 
Hotel, Casino and Golf 
Group, said that the Costa do 
Sol Hotel and Travel Associa- 
tion was sending a strong 
protest to the Health Ministry 
for what he called its "foolish 
proclamations at this time” 
and pointed out that pollution 
was "no worse now than it was 
10 or 15 years ago”. No 

tourists had complained and 
hotel occupancy had not gone 
down since the reported 

Senhor Lima de Carvalho 
said that when Estoril's gam- 
bling casino contract is re- 
newed at the end of the year, it 
will have a stipulation where- 
by £45 million will go to the 
improvement of tounst condi- 
tions on the Costa do Sol — 
£13 million of which .will be 
devoted to wiping out pol- 

“Within four years,” he 
said, “the entire 40 kilometres 
of beaches from Lisbon to 
Cascais will be dean and safe 
for bathing.” 

Hospital is hit by food poisoning 

Lisbon - A serious out- 
break of food poisoning caused 
by salmonella has virtually 
dosed Lisbon's most modern 
hospital, the Santa Cruz 
(Martha de la Cal writes). 

Doctors, nurses, cleaning 
staff and office workers are 
among 1 18 of the 540 employ- 
ees who have needed treatment 
since some of them began to 
feel ill on July 7 after eating in 
the hospital cafeteria. 

All patients waiting for 
operations or convalescing 
were sent home or transferred 

to other hospitals* Only 25 
patients — those in intensive 
care or with heart or kidney 
transplants — were allowed to 
stay in the special sterile area. 

The hospital authority 
called in government sanita- 
tion department specialists to 
examine the entire staff and 
dean the hospital. 

Dr Manuel Macedo, direc- 
tor of the hospital, said that he 
believed the outbreak was 
caused by imparities leaking 
into a broken water pipe. All 
water pipes are being steril- 

ized or replaced. Dr Macedo 
said some of the staff had 
returned yesterday and that he 
expects the hospital to be 
ready to receive patients again 
within a week. 

The hospital was built as a 
private institution in 1972 and 
was considered one of the most 
modem and best-equipped in 
Europe. But, after it was taken 
over fey workers and national- 
ized after the 1974 revolution, 
it remained dosed until 1980, 
when it re-opened as a state 
hospital specializing in heart 

Israel’s winged lioness may be white elephant 

From Ian Murray 

The dust sheets came off 
Israel’s new Lavi fighter air- 
craft last night as the band of 
the Israel Air Force proudly 
played a fenfare- But the Lavi 
— which means lioness — was 
at its official rolling ont in 
danger of turning into a white 
elephant rather than the shin- 
ing white hope of Israel's air 
defences into the next century. 

It has taken 6 Vi years and 
$1.2 billion to get the Lavi off 
the drawing braids and onto 
the tarmac. The one on show 
last night was prototype num- 
ber 2, because prototype num- 
ber I is already being made 
ready for its first test flight at 
the end of September. 

Israel Aircraft Industries 
(IAI), the state-owned compa- 
ny which designed and built it, 
is rushing to get the Lavi into 
the skies a? quickly as possible 
to thwart determined Ameri- 
can attempts to kill it before it 

Conspicuous by his absence 
at the ceremony was Mr Ezer 
Weizman^ who as Defence 

the cost the spin-off of the 
development would pay for ft. 

_ Although 55 per cent of the 
aircraft, including the engines 
and wings, is American-made, 
the development is all-Israeli, 
and has been soaking up a 
quarter of the annual defence 

Workers at IAI looking over the new Lavi fighter aircraft which was rolled out yesterday 

Minister originally signed the is more expensive than Israel Another feature of the air- 

can afford and that suitable 

opine i 

order to start work on devet 
a new aircraft. He 
against joining the 
2,000 dignitaries at Ben 
Gurion airport last night be- 
cause the Lavi has ended up a 
bigger, much more expensive 
machine than he envisaged. 

There were five US con- 

ma . 

gressmen among the guests, 
out there was no authorized 

representative of the US Ad- 
ministration, which is current- 
ly conducting a rush survey to 
try to convince the Defence' 
Ministry here that the aircraft 

alternative American 
chines are available. 

The Air Force, which has 
been intimately involved in 
designing life Lavi, is certain 
that there is no alternative so 
perfectly suited to its own 
combat requirements. It has, 
in particular, been designed to 
deaf with attack by ground-to- 
air missiles, like the big Syrian 
Sam batteries, which have 
been responsible for virtually 
ail the Israeli aircraft lost in* 

craft is a computer which can 
tell the pilot what is attacking 
him and automatically orders 
defensive measures. 

Instead of a confusing array 
ofdials, the Lavi pilot has only 
to look at a screen showing a 
tactical battle map of die area 
with the intelligence data 

IAI says that Israel would 
foil behind in the race to bring 
high-technology industries to 
the country if the project was 
cancelled and that, whatever 

. IAI claims that when it goes 
into production it will be 
possible to turn out 24 a year 
at a cost of just SSS© million. 
Pentagon experts say it will 
cost nearly double that, which 
would mean that either 
Israel's conventional Army 
would suffer or the US would 
be asked to foot the extra bill 
when ft is meant to be 
reducing spending. 

In order to increase pressure 
on Israel, the Administration 
has frozen almost $70 million 
m funds for the preyed, even 
though tins has already been 
appropriated by Congress. 
The money has been frozen 
pending a new Pentagon sur- 
vey, which is expected to 
recommend using the sophis- 
ticated. Lavi avionics in F'16 
or F 20 airframes. 

The Long Valley caldera lies 
of Yosemite National 



osemite National 
K . .near ’-the Califomia- 
Nevada bonder and 200 miles 
east of San Francisco. 

Austrian beats 
grandmaster in 
opening match 

Bienne (AP) - The lowest 
ranked player in the Bienne 
International Chess Tourna- 
ment, Austria's 19-year-okT 
Joseph Klinger, beat the. 
favourite for the two-week. ■ 
tournament, Viktor Korchnoi, - 
on opening niaht on Sunday. 

. .tied the sdfc; 
exiled.. Soviet grandmaster ■ 
who '.is ranked fourth in the : 

In oie first round Ian Rogers, 
Aurtga, drew with Robert-. 
Huebner, West Germany; Lev 
PdugaWsky, the $ 0 ^ 
oat Aten GreenfeJd, Israel; 

Yugoslavia, drew 
^’Wemcr Hug, Switzerland;, 
J orathaa Nunn, Britain, drew 
with Erie Lobron, West Ger-- 
many, arid Anthony Miles. Brit- 
W«r^ whb Vtaaiinfl Hon. 

fear violent 

Menlo Fade, California 
(UPI) — The strong earth- 
quakes that shook California 
yesterday occurred in an un- 
usual volcanic field, including 
the Long Valley caldera, that 
scientists say is due for a 
violent eruption. 

The epicentre of the quakes 
was about 15 miles from a 
162-square-mile volcanic cra- 
ter formed by a tremendous 
explosive blow-out 700,000 
years ago. 

In recent geological history, 
the area has had an eruption 
roughly every 600 years — and 
the last one was about 600 
years ago. . 

Such a new eruption could 
be on a scale comparable with 
that of Ml St Helens in 
Oregon, but probably would 
be small, said Mr James 
Savage of tbe US Geological 
Survey. He said there could be 
loss of life, considerable dara- 
and voluminous ash 

The two cities in the general 
area. Bishop and Mammoth 
Lakes, are small but each year 
swell with tourists. At the 
height of the. ski season, 
Mammoth Lakes has 30,000 
people. The cities are about 1 5 
miles from the caldera. 

tinder the area, ground 
movement is vasL During tbe 
past '-six years, the Geological 
Survey reports the ground in 
parts of the area rose 18 in. 

That large an uplift presum- 
ably was caused by intrusion 
of molten rock into a magma 
reservoir five miles beneath 
the surface, according to 

The area experienced 
quakes in range of six on the 
Richter scale in 1980. Since ' 
then significant quakes in the 
five-range have occurred 
about every 18 months. • 
Monday's quakes came rough- 
ly at the same interval. 




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A small circle of good companions 


Prince Andrew and his 

bride have different 

friends because of their 

differing background! 

But, as Christopher Wilson found, each can 
count on a groupor dose, loyal confidantes 

P rince Andrew's and Sa- 
rah Ferguson’s separate 
and distinctive choice oi 
friends highlights the dif- 
ference between a young 
Prince determined to discover all 
walks of life and a young woman 
contented with those most famil- 
iar to her. 

Sarah Ferguson, growing up in a 
jypical English village, working on 
' the farm and generally mucking in 
with everyone else, came to 
understand her position in the 
strange pecking-order that is En- 
glish country life. Predictably, as 
she grew into a young woman, she 
chose her friends from the same 
background of squirearchy and 
lesser aristocracy. 

The choosing and making of 

friends was much more 
for Prince Andrew. His father’s 
choice of Gordonstoun for his 
education had its merits and 
drawbacks: few of his school 
friends lasted into adult life be- 
cause of the very disparity of 
background that prompted his 
father's choice of school in the first 
place. Coupled with an early 
instruction that a prince must be 
cn garde when befriending people, 
it was hard for Andrew to create 
the same easy relationships his 
future wife had. 

There have been a few excep- 
tions. however. Aside from Ids 
friends in the Royal Navy, where 
close relationships develop under 
stress and dilute with a new 
posting, probably the Prince's 
closest companion is Charlie 
Young, a contemporary from his 
public school days. 

Though it fells to Prince Edward 
to be Andrew's supporter at his 
wedding, it was Young, the exu- 
berant 28-year-old son of a Mid- 
lands hardware manufacturer, 
who helped to organize the 
Prince’s stag party. 

Young was Andrew’s senior at 
school, where he was put in charge 
of the young Prince's welfare. 
Their friendship deepened after 
both left Gordonstoun, and when 
Andrew found himself in London 
between postings, it was to Young 
that he turned for his social Life. 
He helped Prince Andrew in his 
determination to discover a wider 
circle than, say. his older brother 
did. Through him, the Prince met 
Koo Stark, the American actress 
with whom he enjoyed a relation- 
ship lasting two years. They had 
been introduced through Young's 
friend Ricci Lewis, an American 
of mature years who had once 
been a model and was the former 
wife of the society hairdresser 

For a time she served as an 
unofficial hostess for the Prince, 
introducing him to models and 
others of London's beau monde. 
Not all her introductions were a 
success, however: one dinner par- 
ty included the Old Etonian 
commodity broker Justin Frewen, 
a nephew of Viscount Selby. 
Frewen was later jailed for two 
years on fraud charges. 

The Prince's interest in photog- 
raphy, which he shared with Miss 
Stark, arose not from his proximi- 
ty to the professional activities of 
the Earls of Lichfield and Snow- 
don but from the Queen berselC 
still an enthusiastic camera- 
woman. Bui his latent skills were 
encouraged and developed by an 
American. Gene Nocon, who. 
became a friend and adviser five 
years ago. 

Nocon runs the Photographer’s 
Workshop in London and took 
some of the official photographs 
for the Royal engagement along 
with Terence Donovan and Prince 
Andrew himself. But his influence 
on Andrew has been as a printer, 
demonstrating the effects which 
can be created in the darkroom 
after the picture has been taken. 
Their relationship, though close, 
remains on a commercial basis: 
Nocon is paid for the lime spent 
helping to produce Andrew’s' 

Another Gordonstoun friend, 
Rupert Beckwiih-Smith, is the 
brother of Carolyn Beckwith- 
Smith. in whose Clapham house 
Sarah Ferguson lived until the 
announcement of the Royal en- 
gagement. Among the Prince’s 
early girlfriends was another 
Gordonstoun contemporary, Clio 
Nathaniels, whose father, the ar- 
chitect Ray Nathaniels, is based in 
Nassau. She became a visitor to 
Windsor Castle. 

Once free from the constraints 
of bis hardy education, however, 
the Prince largely turned else- 
where for his company. Clio 
Nathaniels was followed by the 
daughter of a nurse. Kinstie Rich- 
mond, who was invited by the 
Queen to Balmoral and Sandring- 
ham. She, in turn, was followed by 
Carolyn Seaward, the beauty 
queen and former Miss United 

Other young women who be- 
came part of the Prince’s circle’ 
ranged from Carolyn Herbert, the 
daughter of Lord Portchester, 
Royal racing manager (she later 
enjoyed a close friendship with the 
jockey Steve Cauthe'n), to a busi- 
nesswoman, Xenia Howard- 

*~wf, ... 


HIS: Carolyn Beckwrth-Smith (top); Charles 
Young (above) with Rfcd Lewis 

Girls left behind: (top) Carolyn Herbert, daughter of the Queen’s 
racing manager; (above) actress Koo Stark; model Katie Rabett 

In camera: Finola Hughes (top) _ 
calendar; Gene Nocon hdps. ni the < 



• j •. .i 

HERS (from left): the Duke and Ducbess of Roxburgh^, wbo provided the setting for the royal proposal; Laura Smith-Bingham with Sarah Ferguson, whose former 
boyfriend she married; travelling companion Charlotte Eden; rock singer Lady Teresa Manners (top), former debutante Luiu Blacker, and the Princess of Wales 

which followed the announcement and following different styles of drew, but the two .men have 

of her engagement. life. Smith-Bingham has since known each other on the social 

But perhaps her closest friend is married and has a one-year- . circuit north of the f border for 
the Princess of Wales, who can olddaughter, but he and Sarah many years. 



each of them, 
Andrew met 

many young people from. 

eign to 


■ sections- odsociety thaL. 
had previously been for- 
him. He particularly., 
the friendships of the 
model and actress Katie Rabett, 
the actress Finola Hughes and the 
model Clare Park because of the 
different worlds to which they 
gave him access. 

In each case he chose people 
who were outside his restricted 
family circle and. you might say 
unkindly, his class. Only in Sarah 
did he return to the more femiliar 
waters of Debreti and Burke. 

It has to be said that, although 
Prince Andrew’s name was con- 
nected with a number of pretty 
girls, he was rarely photographed 

in their company. Unlike his elder 
brother, who suffered irritating 
public speculation each time he 
escorted a new companion to the 
theatre or to a charity function, the 
Prince was rarely seen in the 
company of those girls it was 
claimed he favoured. He preferred 
private dinner parties and occa- 
sional visits to night-clubs like 
Annabel's: his reputation as a 
womanizer was much exagg- 

: Sarah Ferguson, by contrast, 
rarely strayed outside her own 
social sphere. One of her closest 
friends after leaving Hurst Lodge, 
herSunningdale school, was Char- 
lotte Eden, daughter of the former 
MPfor Bournemouth, Lord Eden. 
At the age of 21, the two girls 
toured South America together for 
a year, staying first with Sarah's 
mother and her polo-player hus- 
band, Hector Ban-antes, on their 
sprawling estate in Argentina, then 
taking a bus across the continent 
before flying home. Charlotte 
subsequently married one of Lord 
McGowan's sons, becoming a 
farmer's wife. 

Sarah’s more recent friends 
include the Duke of Rutland's 
rock-singer daughter. Lady Teresa 
Manners; her cousin. Lucy Man- 
ners, who is the daughter of Lord 

John Manners, the former Life 
Guards officer and High Sheriff 
for Leicestershire: and the former 
debutantes Clare Wentworth- 
Stanley and Lulu Blacker. 

Her serial circuit was that 
followed by many girls on the 
fringe of the debutante world, 
enjoying the cocktail- parties, 
house parties arid balls given by 
ambitious mothers without acta- - 
ally labelling themselves as debs. 

Sarah is godmother to the 
daughter of Vanessa Llewellyn, a 
niece of the Duke of Norfolk, who 
is married to the entrepreneur- Dai 
Llewellyn. Her close friend and 
confidante during her unofficial 
romance with Prince Andrew was 
Carolyn Beckwith-Smith. a land-, ' 
owner’s daughter who ran a 
business with Lady Settrington, 
the wife of the Duke of Richmond 
and Gordon's eventual heir. Lord 
Settrington. They would take 
wealthy clients round London 
showing them the sights and the 

One rather more exotic friend is 
Florence Belmondo, the lissom 
daughter of the French actor Jean- 
Pa ul Belmondo: they met at 
school. The two women enjoyed a 
holiday recently on Antigua as 
Sarah Ferguson recovered from 
the immense blast of publicity 

claim responsibility for the en- 
gagement in the first place, having 
invited Sarah to a Windsor Castle 
house party during Royal Ascot 
week,- at which die and Prince 
Andrew first- became attracted to 
each other.. * .. 

arah Ferguson’s two well- 
publicized romances 
were less ambitious than 
Andrew's: a sports execu- 
tive. Kim .SmithrBing-. 
ham, and a motor-racing 
consultant, Paddy McNally, 
.-whose children she helped to look 
after during a three-year relation- 
ship. Both men came firmly from 
within her own social world. 

Through Smith-Bingham, a 29- 
year-old Old Etonian she met in 
Argentina while in her teens, she 
discovered the fashionable Swiss 
ski resort of Verbier, where he 
would lake her on his business 
trips as a representative of a 
sportswear company. She spoke 
French and improved her skiing to 
a very respectable standard . 

The relationship lasted three 
years, foundering through the 
couple living in separate countries 

and following different styles of 
life. Smith-Bingham has since 
married and has a one-year- . 
olddaughter, but he and Sarah 
remain close friends and he will be 
a guest at the wedding. 

Far more serious was her rela- 
tionship with the former journalist 
and sporting entrepreneur Paddy 
/ McNally, a Stonyhurst-educated 
.widower with two teenage sons 
and a chalet fn .Verbier. He used to 
manage the Formula One world 
champion Niki Lauda and Is nosAr 
a motor-racing consultant and 
entrepreneur based in Geneva. . 
The relationship ended when Sa- 
rah decided it was unlikely to lead 
to marriage. 

In general, the close friends of 
Andrew and Sarah are drawn from 
outside both the professional 
classes and the hard core of British 
aristocracy, though the couple do 
owe a debt of gratitude to the 
Duke and Duchess of Roxbuighe, 
-who provided the romantic back- 
drop of Floors Castle in Rox- 
burghshire for the final sealing of 
their relationship and the Prince's 
proposal of marriage. 

The duke, a former Blues and 
Royals officer who saw service in 
Ulster before going to Cambridge 
to take an economics degree, is 
five years older than Prince An- 

F, . \ 

When the time came for 
Andrew’s proposal of marriage, it 
was Roxbuighe who 1 suggested 
that the couple should be guests at 
his Vanbrugh-designed castle, set 
in 60,000 acres. He and his wife, 
the sister of the Duke of Westmin- 
ster, Have been rewarded for their 
unique hospitality in a charming 
way: [ their daughter. Lady 
Rosanagh Innes-Kerr. will be the*" 
only young attendant at the Royal 
Wedding not directly related to 
the bride or groom. 1 • 

Although both the Prince and 
future Princess are 26, an age at 
which most young people have 
acquired a nucleus of friends to 
last throughout adulthood, neither 
has acquired an easily identifiable 
“set". The restless nature of 
Andrew's career in the Royal 
Navy has not helped: nor have 
Sarah’s wanderings .in America 
and on the ski slopes ofEurope. A 
home and future (ogether are 
likely to change that. > 

%ah «as absol 
it me get on 


Photographs by Desmond O'Ntffl; ' 
ALPHA; Mike Love ridge; Dafydd Jones; 
Rex Features; Universal pictorial Press 



Whipping up a publishing whirlwind 


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Michael O’Mara is set to 
become a very rich man. He is 
aiming to turn publishing 
timescales mi their head by 
producing “ the fastest book 
ever”. Just nine days after 
tomorrow's ceremony. The 
ITN Book of tbe Royal Wed- 
ding wQ] go mi sale. 

And even if Sarah Ferguson 
makes a unique contribution to 
history and discovers just 
cause or impediment as to why 
she should not be joined in 
holy matrimony, OTVfara wiD 
not be caught out He has 
taken oat £500,000 of inst- 
ance against such an eventual- 
ity — a figure which, in spite of 
his relnctance to discuss the 
li tilde of his potential 
fits, gives a due to the 
reward involved as publisher 
(or architect) of the book. 

The rise and rise of Michael 
O’Mara could almost be a 
fairy-tale, if it didn’t involve so 
much hard cash. Eighteen 
months ago he opened for 
business in his sooth London 
bedroom com office, equipped 
with just a typewriter. Bnt 
O'Mara was no novice writer 
waiting for the big break. 

Originally from Philadel- 
phia, he bad worked in pub- 
lishing for almost 20 years and 
been deputy chairman of 
Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 
“We produced 200 books a 
year", he says. "We had a 
selling staff of eight and a 
pnblidty department of two. I 
decided the only way to do it 
was fewer books, more effort." 

There is big money in the book that goes on sale only nine 
days after tomorrow^ ceremony, reports Yvonne Roberts 

Alastair Burnet having pro- 
duced 20,000 words of text 
within seven days. It stayed in 
the best-seller lists for eight 

More importantly, 
O’Mara's reputation had ap- 
parently been made, at least by 
royal word of mouth. The 
Palace asked if he would be 
interested in producing a book 
out of the long interview to be 
conducted by Sir Alastair with 
the Prince and Princess of 
Wales. At first O'Mara 
thought it was a joke. 

“Charles and Diana obvi- 
ously saw it as a sort of 
‘Empire Strikes Back*", he 
says. “Fleet Street had made a 
lot of money out of than, now 

they wanted to make a lot for 

The book, along with its 
sequel, due to be published in 
September, will probably raise 
more than £1.5 mfltioa for the 
Prince of Wales Trust 

It also established his win- 
ning formula: high-gloss Ital- 
ian paper for the coffee-table 
look; almost three times as 
many colour photographs as 
usual: a low price (£7.95 for 
the first Charies-and-Di ex- 
tended interview); photo- 
graphs by Tim Graham; 
oleaginous text by Sir 
Alastair: total control by the 
Palace and high-speed 
prod action. 

British sales have so far 

Tim Bishop 

surpassed 300,000 for In Per- 
sons The Prince and Princess of 
Wales. O'Mara says that if 
The ITN Book of the Royal 
Wedding sells 150,000 be wfil 
be more than happy — this one 
will be all for profit. 

His royal output has put him 
in a privileged position. He 
knew abonf the engagement 
two weeks before it was an- 
nounced in Much. He also 
knows what tbe dress will look 
like. And a series of informal 
photographs have also been 
taken of the royal couple. 

So for, 96 pages of the book 
have been prepared. The re- 
maining 32 are what will make 

publishing history. Tomorrow, 

O'Mara will spend several 

hours in a Covent Garden 
studio with his boojk designer, 
Martin Bristow, watering 
monitors relaying the foil 
coverage from ITN’s 10 cam- 
eras. A Japanese machine wiD 
convert video into still 

After the ceremony, 
O’Mara will return to his 
office to lay ont the rest of the 
book. The next morning, Sir 
Alastair will produce 1,500 
words to ■ supplement his 

Then O’Mara and Bristow 
will depart in a helicopter for 
Southend and the typesetter. 
From there they wiB travel by 
private jet to Barcelona and 
tbe printing works. 

„ All being well. The ITN 
tof* °f the Royal Wedding 
wiD be an sale in Britain on 
August 1. 

•: ;'v; . 

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©Times Newspapers, 1B88 
















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To: Securicor Communications. 
Ambassador House. Brigstock Road, 
Thornton Heath. Surrey CR4 8YL 


MWtjOWeDl. wy m 

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..Tel No 

! Free Demonstration 

More Information 


He decided to make tbe 
break in June last year after 
having lunch with Bill Hodg- 
son, director of development at 
ITN. Hodgson mentioned that 
a special programme was be- 
ing produced to celebrate the 
Queen Mother’s birthday, 
then 35 days away. O’Mara 
suggested a book tie-in. It 
normally takes at least nine 
months to produce such a 
project but five weeks later 
tbe book appeared — Sir 

Instant success: Michael O’Mara and his wife, Leslie 


1 Smear (6) 

5 Shame 14) 

8 Beg (5) 

9 Tangible (7) 

11 Rcccm arrival (8) 

13 Deprivation <4) 

IS Circle boundary (13) 

17 5lh New Testament 
book (4) 

18 Unacquainted with 

21 Banal (7) 

22 Surly youth (5) 

23 Strip {4} 

24 Soundness of mind 


2 Bestow upon (5) 

3 Boer (3) 

4 Gums} type (13) 

5 Purplish (4) 

6 Three-cornered hat 

7 Traditional beliefs' 



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fo Court aides (7) 

19 Heavy dog (5) 

30 Slop (4J . . 

22 Passionate desire (3) 

. challenge (I0y 
IB Welsh festival (10) 

12 Egg.cdl{4) 

14 At liberty (4) ’ 


t Pio-up ,4 Upright 8 Patio 9 Finesse IQCoUImv n 


D0WN: tWsf .i/ssd v 

Alarm to Puma 


FASHION by Suzy Menkes 

The royal dress 
in my attic 

Lindka Cierach, designer of the royal wedding dress, talks 

about her work and her relationship with Sarah Ferguson^ 
as millions wait to see a gown that is likely to reflect the 
art-loving bride’s vision of herself as a Gainsborough lady 

*SV7-l * 

-a ■*. . 7 — Ess 

a* =: * ». v,..* | s _ 

' ‘ . -- U . f ~' 

• ■ Ai, 

TTm Btthop 

‘Sarah was absolute bliss, she 
let me get on with it; whatever 
I dill was fine by her . * 


I t all started, says Undka 
Cierach, from a silhou- 
ette. “Two months ago 
the basic design was 
there but it is only when 1 
had fined the toile against the 
flesh that l knew what I had to 

The wedding dress of the 
year is in the attic studio of 
Lindka’s neat terraced house. 
She is giving it the finishing 
touches, especially “the most 
difficult bits in the bodice 

For the first time the dress 
for a royal wedding is being 
orchestrated by a designer 
with the same tastes, back- 
ground and style as the bnde. 
Instead of the reverential 
courtier-couturier, we have a 
33 year-old woman in safari 
trousers, a white T-shirt and a 
merry smile. 

The approach came from 
Sarah, who rang up Lindka 
and asked her to submit 
sketches. “1 knew her socially 

' a little but ! wanted to see her, 

to establish a rapport. A 
wedding dress is such a per- 
sonal thing, it is very impor- 
tant to get .the bnde s 
personality into if*. 

Lindka Cierach’s most 
striking wedding dresses have 
incorporated unusual materi- 
als such as fur and jewels, 
inspired by her favourite peri- 
od of history. 

-1 love Renaissance tex- 
tures and embroideries”, she 
explains. “I studied history of 
an. I never have time now to 
go through paintings and 
books, but those ideas are 
stored up and memories of 
wonderful necklines and 
sleeves come pouring out.” 

The inspiration flowed 
when Sarah Feiguson gave her 
the wedding dress commis- 
sion and they “slimmed 
down" her original sketches to 
just two ideas. lindka was 
then able to give full rein 10 
her own imagination. “With 

Sarah it has been absolute 
bliss,” she says. “She bsaically 
said to get on with it and 
whatever I did was fine by 

Undka is self-taught, apart 
from a very brief spell at the 
London College of Fashion 
and with Valentino in Rome. 
Her attention to detail is 
legendary. Undka compares 
her work to that of her 
companion, sculptor Jona- 
than Ken worthy, whose im- 
pressive bronze of an African 
woman dominates one end of 
the drawing room. 

The royal wedding dress 
requires that finish and detail, 
but it also needs a grand 
design — a firm sculptural 
shape for the first impression 
and the television audience. 
Lindka is aware of that need. 

Quartet for one, the 
bridal composition 


S he is mindful too of 
Sarah's need to find a 
fashion niche quits 
apart from that of the 
tall, model slim and 
fashion conscious Princess of 
Wales. “Sarah has been put 
into that position,” says 
Undka. She* s far more inter- 
ested in people than clothes. 

“I like clothes to flatter a 
woman; I like good quality 
fabrics; and 1 like a woman to 
look like a woman", she says. 
**I want to make women 
feminine, alluring and attrac- 
tive. They can look sexy, but 
in a ftm way. not by showing 
their bosoms.” 

Undka*s critics say she is 
too compliant, and will exe- 
cute clients' dreams that it 
might be wiser not to realise. 
She dismisses, firmly but with 
a merry smile, the idea that 
she is the executor of others 
ideas. “I am in a business 
where you have to be tactful , 
she said. “People love to think 
they have done everything 
themselves. But I am the 
designer and I create the dress 


Sarah Ferguson, right, is thoroughly modern but 

Gleaming duchess satin with a 
dramatic focus on the bodice 
and a full swagged skirt . b 
Sarah Ferguson's image other 
romantic wedding dress. A riot 
of the rococo, inspired by art- 
lover Sarah's knowledge of 
18th century painting, is the 
style we can expect to set 

The wedding dress will not 
be an Edwardian froth of lace. 

For Sarah sees herself not as a 
Gibson gfrllrat as a Gainsbor- 
ough lady. 

Undka’s task wfll have been 
to make her royal bride look 
less like Bo Peep and more 
like Marie Antoinette — or 


perhaps Madame de Pompa- 
dour, who was painted by 
Boucher in 1759 hi the ulti- 
mate rococo dress — all bows, 
flounces and frilled sleeves. 
The choice of duchess satin — 
rather than filmy voile, lace or 
Diana's silk taffeta - is a 
surprise at die height of die 
summer. But it is part of the 
fed for 18th centnry dress. 

Art as die inspiration for 
fashion is not a novelty, even 
in royal circles. The fairy-tale 
wedding dress for Princess 

Elizabeth in 1947 - also in 

duchess sadn — was scattered 

with crystal and pearl embro^ 
dery from a Botticelli 
painting by Norman HartneU. 

Earlier, the paintings of the 
Victorian Winterhalter had 
inspired HartneU to create mi 
ethereal image for Queen Eliz- 
abeth, later Queen Mother. 

t indlra Cierach specializes 
in delicate embroidery. Her 
themes are likdy to beperson- 
al rather than grandiose, in- 
corporating, perhaps, the 

like those of Boucher, left, and Reynolds 

bumble bee and thistle of 
Sarah's coat of arms. Jewelled 
anchors were favoured when 
the future Queen Mary mar- 
ried her sailor Prince in 1893. 

Sarah Ferguson, whose 
heart is in the country and 
whose naturalness is her 

greatest asset, required a dress 

that is graceful rather than 

Detail from Boucher's 
Madame dc Pompadour by 
permission of the trustees of 
the Wallace Collection. Sir 
Joshua Reynolds Lady 
Salisbury hv permission of 
Hatfield House. 


i -v 

-IvLfl Fflirminer lilac or 

Florist Jw» Packer; a love of Te^sa make-no JCar from with long tresses and the 

u^S^uventions ^.drementtodn^ftemop 

ntsc * 


■ • •- 

lJ ? '- 

..... * i< 5 ~ 

Lindka Cierach has naturally 
& the bulk of the ac- 
tion as the designer of Sarah 
Ferguson's dress but there are 
ihreeothef women playing 
key voles in the making of 
tomorrow's bride. It is the first 
time a royal ^ingi^rnhas 
been comprised entirely o 

“members of it ^ 
chosen by strong-mindea » 
rah to enhance herown stgte 
rather than to reflect uic 
surrounding pomp and 

■>8. and make-up arust Teresa 
Fainniner, 35. complete a 

2ra.“* s Ss 

usual flowers. She has made a 
name for English country 
flowers in the Marylebone 
shop she started with a £200 
overdraft five years ago. My 
idea of a bridal bouquet is that 
it should not be a solid lump, 
biit should flow and bend Mia 
move on the way down the 
aisle.” says Jane. The bouquet 
is being made up to her design 
by Longmans and includes a 
sprig ofmyrtle from Osborne 
House — grown from Queen 
Victoria's wedding posy ot 

The wild curls and lively 
personality of hairfresser 
Denise McAdam echo the 
bride herself. Denise, of coif- 
feur Michae\jobn. is familiar 
with long wsses anc luaras. 
She has worked for Pnnqess 
Anne, who, like Sarah, has 
never wanted to cut her long 

,0 Denise. trained in Edin- 
burgh. still speaks with a 
strong Scottish _ accent- She 
says that long hair -especially 

If it is usually worn loose — 
requires dressing up. For her 
royal client she uses a variety 
of effects including jewelled 
clips and decorative bows. 

Teresa Fainniner pained as 
a beautician and is in the 
thoroughly modem school of 
beauty therapy that insists on 
understanding the body and 
how it functions. 

We can expect to see Sarah 
Ferguson in the softest lilacs 
or gentle russets far removed 
from the blue eyeshadow and 
pastel pink lips of convention- 
al Sloane style. . 

Sarah has been advised not 
by the glossy fashion maga- 
zine Vogue, but by its sister 
ma gazi ne Brides. Her hair and 
beauty experts, and the official 
wedding photographer, Albert 
Watson, are used to creating a 
fashion image for the camera. 
Their joint task tomorrow is 
10 reflect modem style .yet to 
keep in sharp focus the charac- 
ter. taste and individuality of 
the royal bride. 

Sarah Ferguson may choose 
flowers as a tiara for her bridal 
headdress. For she is follow- 
ing an unwritten royal role 
that young girls — and espe- 
cially commoners — wait until 
marriage to wear a grand tiara. 

There are tiaras old, new 
and sapphire Wue for Sarah 10 
borrow from the royal collec- 
tion. Princess Anne wore for 
her own wedding the family § 
ancestral Hanoverian dia- 
mond fringe tiara - which dm 
Queen also wore on her wed- 
ding day. 

Diana wore her own Spencer 

family tiara with her brMsi 
gown, rather than the royal 
bow-knot tiara which the 
Queen gave her as a wedding 
gift Sarah is also expected to 
receive an heirloom piece. Bnt 
princess Margaret’s deep dia- 
mond tiara that she wore on 
her wedding day, was bought 

for her by the Royal Family m 

a Sotheby's sale. 

Will Sarah say it with 
flowers? The young Queen 
Victoria chose just a simple 
wreath of orange blossom. A 
more imaginative headdress, 
including Sarah's favourite 
ribbons and bows in flowers, 
could be tomorrow’s choice. 

Sarah has already been 
experimenting discreetly with 
floral hair ornaments, both at 
the grand reception for the 
German state visit earlier this 
month and with a fresh rose in 
her hair at a private dinner in 
London last week. 

An elaborate flower bow, 
piaiiA out of the petals of white 
lilies decorated with bunches 
of grape hyacinth, was made 
np by royal wedding florist 
jane Packer In conjunction 
with Sarah’s hairdresser for 
the Queen's sixtieth birthday 
•- in Aprfl. We can expect 
me same team effort for 
Sarah’s bridal hair, with or 
without a regal “fonder”. 

r Knightsbridge i 


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WED, 23rd JULY &THURS, 24th JULY 

“Yon won’t bay a 
better fiir for less” 

Cyril Kaye 

& COMPANY (Est 1926) 

19/20 Garlick HiQ, London EC4 
Tel: 01-248 2411 

1 ^nes 



1 Penpin 8tQn Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


Itie two' most . powerful 
women m Britain need to late 
an urgent look at the state of 
their houses. Of the two. the 
monarch has the simpler prob- 

S W\ 5 -V‘A 


- « J > / 

‘ i". . ‘ ^ 
j . '• "■ •>. 

no constitu- 
tional crisis. In the Queen’s 
tiny entourage of dose politi- 
cal confidants there is some- 
one who told The Sunday 
Times; that the Queen di£ 
approved of her Prime 
Ministers' policy over the 
mmei?’ strike, the US attack 
on Libya, and the future of the 
Commonwealth. He should be 
identified — with the help of 
the security services, if nec- 
essary - and removed from his 
position of trust. If he cannot 
be identified, the purge should 
extend as far (which is not very 
far) 'as is necessary for the 

critical Select Committee re- 
port on the Westland affair 
being blunted by pre-holiday 
inenia and gently buried 
among royal nuptials. 

Such an outcome — never 
very honourable in intention 
— does not now appear very 
likely. We have the usual end- 
of-term games at Westminster 
in which ‘Tory grandees” vie 
with Thatcher “loyalists” for 
the attentions of the lobby 
correspondents: this time, 
* however, the weapons of the 
playground have been supple- 
mented .with the biggest of big 
guns,. the Queen's name, the 
threat to the constitution itself. 

Why is this so? Why is it 
possible for Mrs Thatcher’s 
friends to espy the crouching 
figure of Lord Whitelaw be- 
hind every enemy-held goose- 

• > , • • — — J ‘Vi uu. limy every CUCIUY-IU 

informant to find himself for . berry bush? Why 

ever outside the Palace gates. 

There is absolutely no rea- 
son to believe that the Queen 
(whatever her private views) 
would want those views to 
appear on the. nation's break- 
fast tables in the extraordinary 
way that they appeared last 
Sunday. But even if the Queen 
here to feel that she had 
encouraged one of her advisers 
to make herviews more widely 
known, even if she were now 
ready- to accept some of the 
blame ..herself for the 
weekend^ events, she should 
nonetheless act with severity 
and despatch.- In order to 
preserve the modem mon- 
archy she may have to borrow 
front the panoply of her less 
concerned and less constitu- 
tional predecessors. 

The Prime Minister, on the 
other hand, has longer term 
lessons to draw as the par- 
liamentary season drawsto an 
end: She can be legitimately 
angry at 'this latest attack on 
her government. But it is not 
so much the substance of the 
changes themselves as the con- 
fidence with which they are 
used by her party opponents 
that should cause her concern. 

Since the Westland debacle : 
at the. beginning- of the year, 
she . has made, halting ' and 
unspectacular - progress to 
reestablish her real leadership 
of the Government This week 
it was hoped by:her advisers 

atmosphere as full of plots as a 
children's story book? The 
answer has to be that the 
Government’s authority has 
still not recovered. There has 
been too much wasted time. 

Senior ministers — most 
noticeably Sir Geoffrey Howe 
— have railed recently for “a 
new phase of Conservatism”. 
Mr Norman Tebbit’s hand grip 
on the. manifesto-making 
machinery has been shaken off 
by an inner cabinet of min- 
isters, -chaired by the Prime 
Minister and- controlled from 
Downing Street But the mani- 
festo committee has done little 
but “clear the decks” of 
embarrassing legislation. The 
ship is now well-nigh empty. 
And it is drifting. 

The sometimes-whispered 
rift between the Prime Min- 
ister and her party chairman is 
of greater significance than her 
more widely canvassed diffi- 
culties with Lord Whitelaw's 
grandees. She can curb Mr 
Tebbit’s manifesto-making. 
She cannot so easily control 
his operation of a party ma- 
chine which — for a three-party 
fight against a blossoming 
Alliance and a newly polished 
Labour . Party- — is- already 
reassembling itself in respect-, 
fui homage, lathe old glories of 
1 979 and 1983:- 

For example* even the great-, fered from the same problem. 

~ arfmttvrc nf Caa f rh i Xr tC 

esT '.admirers of Saatchi &' 
Saatchi' do riot feel entirely 

that -the first ! phase of that- comfortable when a senior- 
rehabilitation would be com- > p representative of that com-. 
pjete_ - .with _the.. inevitably. _ pan>iJs„nmniitg_ ihe__party^ 

If tonight’s audience between 
Queen and Prime , Minister 
lacks, for topics of discussion 
they might put their minds to- 



1 A i 

up Oil 

The detention of foreign 
journalists is a dangerous pas- 
time, if only because other 
journalists are liable to bring 
the matter to public attention. 
But the arrest by the Chinese 
police of Mr John Bums, the 
New York Times correspon- 
dent in Peking, on suspicion of 
spying presents dangers of 
especial magnitude for the 
Chinese leadership because of 
its determined attempt to en- 
hance the country’s image. 

Over the past five years 
China has conducted a highly 
successful public relations ex- 
ercise abroad. By more open 
reporting and discussion of the 
country’s ; problems, it . Has 
encouraged the illusion that 
Chink - is moving towards 
pluralism. By allowing a mea- 
sure of freedom to market 
forces., it has given the im- 
pression .of a country 
experimenting with capital- 
ism.” And by opening more 
than “100 cities to foreign 
travellers and allowing in- 
dependent tourists into the 
country, it has fostered uie 
notion that foreigners in China 
are free , to travel where they 

:None of these assumptions 
is correct Deng ■ Xiaoping s 
China is still a totalitarian 
state where the Communist 
Party is the supreme - ana 
often : arbitrary — authority* 

is in many areas barely able to 
sustain the indigenous popula- 
tion, let alone provide a sur- 
plus for sale. As for freedom of 
movement the extent of that 
has been demonstrated by the 
arrest of Mr Bums for entering 
an "area prohibited to for- 

In a way, China has fallen 
victim to its own propaganda. 
It has given the impression of 
liberalizing a great deal, while 
in fact liberalizing a little/The 
result is confusion in which 
both foreigners resident in 
China, and often Chinese 
themselves, are unsure which 
regulations they should ob- 
serve. This' is as true of 
economic policy as it is of 
traveh and there is a tendency 
for people to bend the ndes to 
see how flexible they are. The 
authorities in turn, especially 
in the provinces, tend to turn a 
blind eye to misdemeanours 
because they themselves have 
only a hazy idea of the rules. 

In view of this, the decision 
by the authorities in Peking to 
arrest Mr Bums may be a 
genuine error. It may proceed 
from the fact that he signed a 
confession of guilt while in the 
closed area and this had to be 
followed up in Peking. It might 
reflect the particular sensitiv- 
ity of the area he allegedly 
entered. Or it might be a signal 

realize it will temporarily 
harm their image abroad 

Jf this is so, it is probably a 
miscalculation. The associ- 
ation of foreigners and spies 
was common in pre-revolu- 
tionary China and continues 
to be common in totalitarian 
countries, which tend to judge 
others by their own standards 
of information-gathering. The 
revival of this association by 
the Chinese authorities now 
confirms the persistence of 
attitudes which China has 
been at pains to consign to 

Moreoever, both the fact 
and the manner of Mr Bums' 
detention — including the 15 
hours he spent, being quefr 
tioned at Peking airport — 
recall less palatable episodes 
from China’s recent past. They 
recal L, in particular, the treat- 
ment meted out to foreigners 
and dissenters during the cul- 
tural revolution — a period 
described by the present 
authorities in China as a tragic 

So long as Mr Bums — a 
British citizen and the first 
foreign journalist to be ac- 
cused of espionage in China 
since 1979 — remains in 
detention, the thoughts of 
many' will "turn" back to’ the 
excesses of the cultural revolu- 
tion. But they will also turn 
forward to the transfer of 
Hongkong in 1997. And they 
may, albeit reluctantly, draw a 

a 1 authority, that the authorities have lost forward to the transfer ot 
often arbitrary a ^ Alienee with adventurous for- Hongkong in 1997. And they 
SbusineSS ^ers and have decided to may. albeit reluctantly, draw a 
Snceals IT countryside which call a halt, even though they connection. 


In 1982, the European Cc^t 

of Human Rjgfat 5 rul^ d P - n ^ 0 f corporal punishment as 

Scottish parents bad a J^hi to «JJ***3 to such. Before the habit of 

withdraw their dtaktafoma today TOW decisions (in recourse to- Strasbourg bo- 
school where the tawse was sen ew ^ comes entrenched, a long 

used and to insist on the toed areas lo * nee ded to reflect on 

education authority s making or ) , ■ bes _ what adjudications by a supra- 

full alternative aiTMi^ments. m ^P^^ nnirts * answe r is national court mean for the 
The Government has there- 
fore to balance two 
incompatible* One. istiie un- 
tidy pattern in which local 
sim-kinns are made about 

Lords. That proposal had ev- 
ident practical deficiencies, 
and they show up again m 
today’s proposal to devolve to 
school governors decisions (m 
local areas retaining the cane 
or tawse) about how best to 
meet parents’ wishes. 

The abolitionists' answer is 

simple and oniversalist They 
want an end to corporal 
punishment This is of course 
to deny another set of rights - 

made about toaeny anomcrsci 

decisions are maa rights of parents and 

pu n i sh m ent. So J headmasters to assign to teach- 

edU ^°o n them*o em duties of keeping order m 

Ssafdght classrooms by resorting to 

of parents as laid down by P h >^J f^a'legitimate debate 
Strasbourg. . • whether the use of cane 

Strasbourg, . .kathor thp nep of cane and those two inai decisions 

^ The Government’s first at- ab0 “^ h ^ t0 use are best made about the con- 

tempt at resolution- to dr vi^ ^rfs ^tive^ere is duct of school life - ^eluding 

the school populaiiommto pre- them) » ^maie debate whether, discipline should be 
defined categories of beatable equa lv t maintaine d by physical 


British polity. 

Schools have functioning 
organs of government. The 
prime purpose of the Educa- 
tion Bill is to improve and 
strengthen them. These 
governing bodies dance an 
uneasy quadrille . with local 
education authorities. But it is 
between parents, headteachers 
and those two that decisions 
are best made about the con- 
duct of school life - including 


Prudence and paradox on S Africa 

chairman’s office and helping 
to commission political re- 
search and. advertising from 
his own bosses. It may be a 
trusted and tested system. But 
it is also a rigid one. 

It ought to be possible for a 
Prime Minister to consider 
changing her party’s advertis- 
ing agency without the in- 
evitability of a full-frontal 
clash with the party chairman. 
Few believe that it is possible. 

It ought also to be possible 
for her to envisage life without 
her press secretary, Mr Ber- 
nard Ingham, who — amongst 
others at Number Ten — looks 
certain to be castigated by the 
Select. Committee on Thurs- 
day for his role in the West- 
land affair. Few believe that it 
is possible. 

Mrs Thatcher's administra- 
tion is beginning to look 
locked in its pasL To free itself 
for the future it needs fresh air, 
a fresh look at how the nation 
is feeling. Image-makers and 
information officers have their 
place. That place is not on top. 

There are big questions here 
for Mrs Thatcher — perhaps 
one for the Queen too. It is not 
so very long since a Queen's 
counsellor would have died 
rather than make clumsy 
political interventions through 
the press. Why should one do 
so today? 

Let us assume that it is not 
the case that the Queen is tried 
to breaking point by the 
activities of Mrs Thatcher. It is 
surely just as certain that her 
advisers are tried beyond 
endurance by the demands of 
the nation’s curiosity. The 
meeting of those popular de- 
mands — very largely through 
the media of press and : 
broadcasting — has made the 
monarchy the modern success \ 
story which we join in ! 
celebrating this week. 

But perhaps a surfeit of royal 
rubbish rots a courtier’s 
brainsjOSometime last week 
someone who served the 
Queen, someone who took 
pride in the . glowing, royal 
image, forgot about the royal 
reality. Mrs Thatcher has su£ 

From Lord Chalfont 
Sir. It is perhaps not surprising 
that letters from Lord Blake and 
Lord Bauer on the one hand and 
Lord Walston on the other (July 
1 9) should have underlined one of 
the central paradoxes of the 
situation in southern Africa. 

One of Lord Walston's more 
prudent and farsighted require- 
ments is “lo ensure that when the 
war is over, the interests of the 
West have noi been irreparably 
harmed.” Yet. as Lords Blake and 
Bauer suggest, irreparable harm is 
what will certainly follow if we try, 
however ineffectually, to bring the 
Government of South Africa to its 
knees by means of mandatory 
economic sanctions. 

The Queen’s role 

From Mr H. V. Hodson 
Sir. Mr Enoch Powell's analysis 
(July 17) of the constitutional 
relationship of the Queen and the 
Commonwealth is strong in logic, 
given his premise that the 
Commonwealth as a political 
entity is a pretence, but is weak in 
historical perception. The British 
Constitution itself is almost en- 
tirely conventional rather than 
legally structural. 

In particular, the rule that the 
Monarch speaks and acts in public 
only on the advice — that is at the 
dictation — of lire Prime Minister 
is founded on historical conven- 
tion. not on statute, a convention 
that we gradually established over 
two centuries after the end of 
Stuart claims to absolute mon- 
archy. Its extension to indepen- 
dent Commonwealth countries 
which the Queen may visit as their 
head of state is comparatively 
recent and is still marginally 
exposed to different glosses. 

It is therefore wholly in confor- 
mity with the way in which our 
national Constitution has devel- 
oped that the Queen's rights and 
duties as head of the Common- 
wealth should be gradually clari- 
fied and settled by the process of 
convention, adapted to conditions 
as they arise. The fart, which Mr 
Powell stresses, that the Common- 
wealth has no constitutional struc- 
ture may slow down that process 
but does not prevent iL 

Royal wedding ^ 

From Canon D. J. W. Bradley 
Sir, Those of us who still rejoice in 
the Establishment of the Church 
of England and her Majesty’s role 
as Supreme Governor would be 
grateful if we could be spared the 
tactlessness of your mode of 
reporting the decision not to have 
a sermon at the impending royal 

“Prince Andrew and Miss Sarah 
Ferguson." you say (July 17), 
“have decided to dispense with a 
sermon” and the Palace is re- 
ported as saying that it had been 
the couple’s own decision not to 
have any form of address by the 
Archbishop of Canterbury. For 


From Lieutenant Colonel M. H. 

Sir, Major-General TrythalPs let- 
ter (July 18) omits the equally 
valid upwards, use of the Christian 
name. Not only would the subal- 
tern have felt it correct to be 
addressed as “Simon”;. I am 
equally sure that General Trythall 
would have been upset to think 
that I, or any of his erstwhile 
juniors, ever thought of him or 
referred to him as anything except 



Holly Hatch. 

Dinton Road. 




July 18. 

Last exit to Clapham 

From Mr Graham Birch 
Sir. The English judge's stereotype 
of the ideal reasonable man is one 
riding on the top deck of a 
Clapham omnibus. My recent 
experience white travelling on 
such a vehicle drives me to ask. “is 
the traditional legal view realistic 
in 1986?” 

Fifteen of the other 20 male 
passengers wore headphones con- 
nected to portable record players. 
The other five had on their laps 
large stereo portable radios which, 
I believe, are colloquially spoken 
of as Brixton briefcases. All 20 
pieces of modem technology were 

point out that, of 33 black African 
states on the mainland. 17 already 
use Soviet military equipment in 
their armed forces, including the 
Commonwealth countries or Ni- 
geria. Sierra Leone. Tanzania, 

Old and lonely 
in the city 

Uganda. Zambia and Zimbabwe. 

There are matters of profound 
importance and they deserve to be 
the subject of serious and in- 
formed debate of the kind which 

has now been joined in your 
columns, it is. however, difficult 

Lord Walston goes on to declare 
that, if we do not do as black 
Africa wants, “they wifi inevitably 
turn elsewhere for help”. If he has 
in mind Soviet aid. it is interesting 
to speculate how much help the 
impoverished peoples of Africa 
might expect from a country 
which has failed to provide itself 
with an effective industrial system 
and whose agricultural economy is 
an almost unmitigated disaster. 

If. on the other hand, he means 
Soviet arms, it might be as well to 

columns. It is. however, difficult 
to take entirely seriously Third 
World politicians who believe that 
they can coerce xbe freely elected 
Government of this country into 
changing its policy on a matter of 
such international significance by 
threatening to keep their compet- 
itors away from an athletics 

There are. it is possible to argue, 
more important issues for this 
country and the free world than 
the survival of the Common- 
wealth Games. Indeed it might not 
be loo bizarre lo su g gest that there 
are more important issues for this 
country and the free world than 
the survival of the Common- 
wealth itself. 

Yours faithfully. 


House of Lords. 

Conventions are closely linked 
to precedent, which may be an 
equivocal guide where the circum- 
stances differ from those of the 
precedent examples. Precedent 
steins from someone's action on a 
particular occasion; if not over- 
ruled that action becomes the 
nucleus of convention. Whatever 
the Queen does as bead of the 
Commonwealth, not being con- 
trary to existing convention, is 
inherently precedent which grows 
into convention, in turn becoming 
pan of unwritten constitution. 

Apart from political advice, 
which the Monarch must accept 
from a Prime Minister, the Queen 
is at liberty to consult whatever 
persons she pleases on whatever 
matter. At the present juncture, 
she would certainly be within her 
constitutional rights in seeking, as 
head of the Commonwealth, such 
informal counsel from Common- 
wealth Prime Ministers and others 
deeply concerned, and in acting 
upon it in any manner consistent 
with existing convention as to the 
rights and powers of the Crown 
wherever she may be upon the 

If necessary she could so act in 
some monarchical member coun- 
try of the Commonwealth other 
than the United Kingdom, which 
in this context is. at most, primus 
inter pares. 

Yours faithfully. 


23 Cadogan Lane, SW1. 

July 18. 

sheer, blatant Erastianism and 
discourtesy to the Archbishop this 
surely takes some beating! 

A wedding sermon is certainly 
an incredibly difficult exercise ana 
questionably appropriate, and 
there is every reason why the 
wishes of the couple concerned 
should be taken into account But, 
if the delicate balance between 
Church and State is to be ns 
spected, it should surely at least 
appear that the final decision is 
made by the Church. 

Yours sincerely. 


32 St Mark's Road, 

Salisbury. Wiltshire. 

July 17. 

Puzzling plurals 

From Mr Michael Adams 
Sir. Military grammatical usage, 
which places a higher value on 
logical accuracy than does its 
civilian counterpart (tetter. July 
9), decrees that the correct plural 
of 1G (Inspector of Gunnery) is 
IsG. On this analogy, the plural of 
MP must surely be MsP and the 
form MPs should be kept as a 
singular abbreviation for “Mem- 
ber of Parliaments". 

Thus the House of Commons 
should be said to contain more 
than 600 MsP, a few of whom, 
because they are members of the 
European Parliament as well as of 
the national Parliament, could be 
described as MPs. 

Yours faithfully. 



Dyrneck. Gloucestershire. 

vomiting their verbal and musical 
messages unreasonably loudly. 
Eight of the individuals were 
adding to the pollution by puffing 
cigarettes while sitting in the 
clearly marked no-smoking zone. 

I moved downstairs to protect 
my eardrums, my lungs and my 
sanity. 1 now move that their 
lordships dispatch their mythical 
aged mate friend to a quiet 
retirement, by taxi cab. 

Yours faithfully, 
49 Trafford Road. 
Thornton Heath. 

July 14. 

Fighting spirit 

From Dr Noel Hencghan 
Sir. I think that there might be a " 
simple solution to the dilemma 
feeing those teachers who fear the 
effect of competitive races on their 
young charges. The Good Lord 
advised us that the last shall be 
firsi and that the first shall be last 
if they - the teachers - were to 
follow this precept and make the 
winners the losers and the losers 
the winners, the. resultant chaos 
would soon have them clamouring 
for the restoration of the status 

Yours sincerely, . 

52 Harley StreeLWl. 

Birkbeck grant 

From Mr L F. Andrews 

Sir. I do not know by what right or 

competence the chairman of the 
UGC asserts (July 1 6) that “It is a 
general belief of Londoners that 
they deserve preferential 

In any case, he misses the point. 
The unfairness in the situation, if 
there is any. lies not in the feet that 
London has a Birkbeck but in that 
the rest of the country hasn't. 
Yours sincerely, 


103 Haro Street. 



July 17. 

From Mr John H. Harris 
Sir. I would like to use your 
columns to support and augment 
the comments of Sir Ronald 
Gibson reported in your issue of 
July 10. 

In our experience very few of 
the pensioners in the London 
Borough of Tower Hamlets are 
really poor financially. Most can 
cope, except with heavy fuel bills 
in exceptional weather some even 
manage to put money by for a 
“loverly funeral”. 

Out of a total population (based 
on the 1981 census) of 149.200 in 
the borough, 22,500 are believed 
to be aged 63 or oven 9,800 are 75 
or older. Thirty-six per cent of the 
borough's pensioners live alone — 
most, by far. in high-rise blocks or 
concrete jungles on the large 

Loneliness is the blight, the 
.debilitating disease. It is our 
function to combat loneliness by 
home visiting; gaining the con- 
fidence of the old people: becom- 
ing their true friends taking them 
out of their environment in our 
minibus — particularly the house- 
bound. We have been doing this 
for 31 years. Many are the ones 
who do not want to live, as life 
holds nothing for them and offers 
them only more loneliness. 

White we scarcely scratch the 
surface of the need, given the 
finance and more manpower we 
could do so much more. Having 
received substantial help from 
GLC in the past, we are now at the 
mercy of the local authority who 
have not, so fer, proved to be too 
merciful, and a small number of 
firms, charities and private in- 

The fight against loneliness is 
not one which the social services 
are geared to meet It is voluntary 
organisations such as ours on 
which the burden and the privilege 

Yours etc. 

JOHN H. HARRIS, Trustee. 
Stepney Old People's Welfare 

Toynbee Hall, 

28 Commercial Street. El. 

July 1L 

I would urge every parish to 
undertake the copying of the 
monumental inscriptions in its 
own churchyard and to deposit a 
copy in a safe place. Only in this 
way will the original intentions of 
those who commissioned the 
tombs be fulfilled. 

Yours faithfully, 

C. T. WATTS, Chairman, 
Executive Committee, Society of 

14 Charterhouse Buildings. ECI. 
July 13. 

Recovery from grief 

From Dr Frances Clegg 
Sir. I read with some interest Peter 
Burman's statement (July 5) that 
people often take decisions about 
memorials too early in the process 
of grieving. He then suggests that 
memorials should not be allowed 
other than in exceptional cases 
until a year has elapsed. 

I am not aware of any research 
into the factors which prompt 
people to make decisions about 
burial. cremation or 
memorialisation, or subsequent 
regrets which lhe bereaved may 

I am addressing these issues in a 
small survey and hope it will start 
to give us some scientific, rather 
than anecdotal, data. 

Yours faithfully, 


The London Hospital (St 

2a Bow Road. E3. 

July 16. 

Passing the parcel 

From Mrs Georgia Wordsworth 
Sir. I sent a parcel to Belgium, 
correctly stamped, on December 
30. two books worth £3. for my 
grand-daughter's birthday on 
January 13. . 

Six weeks later a large van with 
two men drove eight miles from 
Brussels with the parcel and 
demanded the equivalent of £7 
Customs duty. 

My daughter refused to pay, 
telling them to return it to me (my 
name and address were dearly 
printed on the back). 

Today, five months later, the 
postman brought my parcel back 
and asked for £13.50 for delivery. 
Is this a record in bureaucratic 

Yours faithfully. 

Quince Cottage. 

Longbridge Deverill. 



July 16- 

JULY 22 1919 

77ic third Afghan War appears to 
have been embarked on with a 
massive lack of enthusiasm on both 
sides. It began on May 3. 2919. and 
lasted only three months, during 
which time the fighting was 
inconclusive, but when peace was 
signed at Rawalpindi King 
AmaauUah had obtained what he 
set out to win, British recognition 0 / 
full independence. 


Monumental choice 

From the Chairman of the Exec - 
utive Committee of the Society of 

Sir, In stressing the. albeit im- 
portant, architectural aspects of 
churchyard memorials, your 
correspondents overlook their 
original purpose. They were 
erected as permanent memorials 
to deceased individuals and fam- 
ilies. Thus they represent an 
important national archive .which 
is being steadily destroyed by the 
ravages of oiir climate, together 
with clearance scheme! 

. The Society of Genealogists for 
75 years has been one of the bodies 
which has bom actively encourag- 
ing and organising the copying of 
monumental inscriptions. As a 
result we have in our library 
transcripts from over 5,000 burial 
grounds. Our efforts cannot, how- 
ever, keep up with the current rate 
of erosion and destruction. 



(From Our Special 

Headquarters, N.W. Frontier 
Force. June 20 (by mail). 

The comparative inactivity on 
the Dakfca front has led to lively 
speculation regarding the possibili- 
ties of the future. If the enemy does 
not come to terms, and our troops 
are committed to a summer cam- 
paign. there will be lively work 
when they get into action again. 
After nearly five years of war in 
France, Mesopotamia and else- 
where, the British Tommy justly 
considered himself entitled to 
leave. Quite a number of our men 
were actually on their way home 
when they were called back to fight 
through the appalling heat of a 
frontier summer. The leave season 
of the Indians had also begun, and 
both British and Indian rightly 
blame the enemy far their 

All our troops are now as 
comfortably housed as circum- 
stances will permit. They complain 
mostly of inactivity and of the 
' sand-storms which are of daily 
I occurrence. Both are unavoidable 
evils, and are accepted as such. But 
if there is to be more fighting all 
will be heartily glad to leave Dakka 

I have been up the Khurd 
Khvber in the direction of 
BasawaL After proceeding about a 
mile one can see the plains leading 
to Jalalabad. The heat is terrible on 
the plains, and even the Afghan 
cannot stay in Jalalabad in mid- 

There have been practically no- 
raids by Dacoits during the past 
week, and those that have been 
attempted have been of a very- 
trifling nature. These raiders are 
bad characters whom the tribal 
elders are unable to control. 

They are usually men with, 
nothing to lose and owning no 
property within the confines of 
British' India. When their re- 
sources are exhausted— as they are 
periodically — they raid the fertile 
plains and do not stop at murder. 
The dominant thought of the 
raider in normal times has been 
well expressed in the following 

“Those rich plains have been pul 
there in contiguity to our mountains 
because God intended them io b< 
our lawful, prey, that when we have 
no harvest we may go down and rear 
theirs; and when we are hard up. anc 
I have a big fine 10 pay to the British 
j Government, we may lighten some 
of the wealthy Hindus of the mone> 
that they have accumulated through 
usury and other ways which Goc 

The war has, of course, offered 
unique opportunities to the border 
raiders. The wonder is that we have 
not beard more of them. 


The guard of the armoured train 
which was derailed recently near 
Kachagari. and who was taken by 
raiders, has been released. He is 
none the worse for his experience, 
bis only trouble being whether he is 
going to be cut 12 days’ pay for 
absenting himself from duly, with- 
out leave! It appears that in the 
mSlee, when the raiders were firing 
on the occupants of the train, the 
guard was grabbed and hurried off. 
It was not until some days later 
that his whereabouts became 
known. It appears that in taking 
him to the hills the tribesmen 
reached a village friendly towards 
us, and that proved to be their 
undoing, because the maliks-came 
out and insisted on taking over the 
guard, on the ground that they (the 
friendly villagers) would be blamed 
for the occurrence. Thus, reluc- 
tantly, the raiders parted with their 
captive, much to their chagrin and 
his relief. The friendly maliks then 
took him on foot across country, 
mountainous country, like the 
Khybet. and handed him over to 
the authorities at Landi Kotal, 
whence he was conveyed to Pesha- 
war. The guard states that his 
captors informed him it had been 
their intention to take him to 
Kabul as a big reward was offered 
for a British prisoner if delivered 

On the gravy train 

From Miss Margaret Atkins 
Sir. Professor Ettinghausen (July 
16) reports that one of his gradu- 
ates of this year will soon be- 
eaming more than most univer- 
sity lecturers. He appears to infer 
from this that we underpay our 
university lecturers. Another, not 
necessarily incompatible, in- 
ference from the same informa- 
tion is possible: perhaps we- 
overpay our bankers. 

Yours faithfully, 


Newnham College, 


Cost of living 

From Dr Geoffrey Soden 
Sir. Though I am not, like my . 
grear-grandfether Lord of the ' 
Manor. I am the luckless patron of. 
a living, to which, as a Catholic, I; 
cannot present This does not 
worry me. What does worry me is-' 
that an advowson which cost 
£1.000 before I was bora — say 
£30.000 in today’s money — is 
worth nothing. I would gladly 
accept £500 but that too would be * 
illegal! - 

1 re main, your obedient servant, ~ 
Buck Brigg, 

Hanworth, Norfolk. 



■V. V \ .-V , V "•»' 

r V- : - :• 

'i a -" i Vr'.'t 


- . 

Saleroom I OBITUARY 



July 21: The Princess Anne, Mrs 
Mark Phillips, Commander-in- 
chief, Si John Ambulance and 
Nursing Odets, this afternoon 
opened the new St John Am- 
bulance Headquarters at 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 
Flight and was received by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
Hampshire (Lieutenant-Colonel 
Sir James Scon, Bt). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips. Chancellor of the 
University of London, this eve- 
ning attended the Annual Din- 
ner of the Association of College 
Unions International at Univer- 
sity College, Gower Street, 

By command of The Queen, 
the Viscount Long called upon 
the Governor-General of New 
Zealand and Lady Reeves this 
afternoon at the High 
Commissioner’s Residence, 43 
Chelsea Square. London, SW3 
and. on behalf of Her Majesty, 
welcomed Their Excellencies 
upon their arrival in this 

July 21: The Duke of Kent, 
Cotonel-in-Oiief of the Devon- 
shire and Dorset Regiment, left 
RAF Nonholt this morning to 
visit the 1st Battalion in Berlin. 

His Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Captain Michael Campbdl- 

flagship 'of the Commander-in- 
ChieC Naval Home Command, 
on July 28. 

The Queen, accompanied by the 
Duke of Edinburgh, will attend 
a service of thanksgiving in 
Glasgow Cathedral, to marie its 
850th anniversary, on July 29. 
The Queen, accompanied by the 






Nuclear srientist who turned to 
genealogy and t ree-ring dating 

rw rnhn Hpirher. the distin- 'r « 

i* ,n 

•v to i C 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

Duke of Edinburgh, will open 
the new Glasgow Sheriff Court 
House on July 29. 

The Queen, accompanied by the 
Duke of Edinburgh, will name 
the new phase 1 block of the 
redevelopment of the Glasgow 
Royal Infirmary on July 29. 

The Prince and Princess of 

• ,‘r 1 

on July 29. 

A *» 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by trie Vice-Chancellor of 
the University (the Lord Row- 
ers) and the President of the 
University of London Union 
(Miss Nicola Rossi). 

Mrs Malcolm Innes was in 
atten dance. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Viscount Long (Lord in 
Waiting) called upon the Gov- 
ernor-General of St Lucia and 
Lady Lewis this afternoon at the 
Ritz Hotel, London. W1 and. on 
behalf of Her Majesty, wel- 
comed Their Excellencies upon 
their arrival in this country. 

The Queen will present colours 
to the 3rd Battalion 51st High- 
land Volunteers (the Argyll and 

Sutherland Highlanders) at Stir- 
ling Castle on July 26. 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will attend morning 
service in Canongate Kirk, 
Edinburgh, on July 27. 

Princess Anne will visit Mon- 
trose House. Brodick, Isle of 
Arran, on July 28, and later will 
attend the celebrations of the 
150th anniversary of the Arran 
Farmers' Society annual show. 
The Prince of Wales, President 
of the Mary Rose Trust, will 
attend a dinner, in aid of the 
trust, on board HMS Victory, 

Princess Anne, immediate past i 
Master of the Farriers' Com- 
pany, will open the Scottish 
Farriery Training Centre at the 
Royal Veterinary Field Station, 
Easier Bush, Roslin, Midlo- 
thian, on July 29. 

&T' •*:!# 

Birthdays today 

Mr Dennis ArundeU, 88; Dr Sir 
Reginald Bennett, 75; Brigadier 
Lome Campbell of Airds, VC, 
84; Group Captain Hugh Dun- 
das, 66; Mr Bryan Forbes. 60; 
Mr Jimmy Hill, 58; Major- 
General Sir Douglas Kendrew, 
76; Professor Sir Ronald Mason, 
56; Professor J.S. Mitchell, 77. 

t M 




Mr L.C.B. BeUan 
and Miss A.G. Dennis 
The engagement is announced 
between Leslie, youngest son of 
the late Mr and Mrs Ferdinand 
Bellan. and Ann. only daughter 
of the late Air Commodore L.C. 
(Ginger) Dennis and of Mrs 
Joyce Dennis, of Ripon, North 

Mr D.M.P. Barrere 
and Miss CM. Hanman 
The marriage has been arranged 
between David Marie Paul, 
eldest son of the late Professor 
Jean- Bertrand Barrera and Mme 
Barrere. of Chalet Flora, Gstaad, 
Switzerland, and Caroline 
Mary, eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Give Hanman, ofEm Park 
Gardens, Chelsea, London 


Captain E-S. Carver, RN 
and Mrs F. Spencer Chapman 
The engagement is announced 
between Edmund Carver. DSC, 
Royal Navy, of Tyle House, 
Crow Hill. Ringwood, and Faith 
Spencer Chapman, of 113. Mil- 
ford Road, Lyraington 

Dr D.E. Kbofl 
and Miss HJ. Moon 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Mr E. 
Khoo. of Penang, and Mrs D. 
Harrington, of Horsham. Sus- 
sex. and Hilary, daughter of the 
Rev Derek J. and Mrs Moon, of 
Godaiming. Surrey. 
Lieutenant-Colonel J.H. 

and Mrs J.L Widdup 
The engagement is announced, 
and the marriage win shortly 
take place, between John Marri- 
ott, of 12 Upcher Court, 
Sheri ngham. Norfolk, and Jean 
Widdup, of The Boat House, 

Mr I.R. Whitting 
and Miss TA Gallagher 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. only son of Mr and 
Mrs R.S. Whitting, of Chich- 
ester. West Sussex, and Tracy, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs E 
Gallagher, of Aylesbury, 

Mr LA. MiO 
and Miss ML Claydeu 
The engagement is announced 
between lan Alexander, son of 
the late Mr R.M. Mill and of 
Mrs TA. Mill, of Epsom 
Downs, Surrey, and Mary 
Emma, daughter of Mr and Mis 
R. Cl ay den, of Los Gatos, 

Mr CPA. Norman 
and Mbs S.M. Caro 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs G.H.G. Norman, of 
12 Addison Crescent, London, 

and Susan, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Anthony Caro, of Church 
Street, Steeple Ashton, Wilt- 
shire. The marriage will take 
place on August 30. 

Dr P J. Stubbs 
and Miss SA. Wade 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs J. Stubbs, of East 
Sheen, London, and Sarah, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs F. 
Wade, of Aragon Court, 

Baron M. von Cotta Scfaonberg 
and Miss CA. Ferry 
The engagement is announced , 
between Mikael, son of Baron B. 
von Cotta Scfaonbexg and Mrs 
Rames, and Clare Antoinette; 
daughter of Mr James Ferry and 
Mrs Honor Ferry. 

HM Government 
Baroness Young was host at a 
luncheon held yesterday at 1 
Carlton Gardens in honour of 
the Governor-General of Belize. 
Commonwealth Parliamentary 

Sir Robin Vanderfelt, Secretary- 
General of the Commonwealth 
Parliamentary Association, gave 
a luncheon at the Houses of 
Parliament yesterday in honour 
of the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives of Canberra. 
Others present included: 

The Govemor-CenenJ of Tuvalu, the 
Australian High Commissioner. Bar- 
oness Lockwood. Mr Bruce MULan. 
MP. Sir Reginald Eyre. MP. Sir Peter 
Gadsden. Dr David Tonkin. Professor 
Tom Millar and Mr Kieran 

Plumbers' Company 
The Lord Mayor, accompanied 
by Alderman and Sheriff Chris- 
topher Collett, attended the 
centenary celebrations of the 
Plumbers' Company at 
Guildhall yesterday. At a lun- 
cheon held afterwards at 
Ironmongers' Hal] Mr M.B. 
Caroe, Master, presided, as- 
sisted by Mr GJ.W. Marsh, 
Upper warden, and Mr Leon 
Hill, Renter Warden. The Mas- 
ters of Ihe Tallow Chandlers* 
and the Builders Merchants' 
Companies were present 
London Metal Exchange 
The Lord Mayor, Sir Allan 
Davis, accompanied by Mr 
Alderman and Sheriff Chris- 
topher Collett, were entertained 
by the chairman, Mr Jacques 
Lion, and members of the board 
of the London Metal Exchange 
at a luncheon held at the 
Gresham Club yesterday after 
his official visit to the London 
Metal Exchange. Mr Ted Jor- 
dan, chairman of the LME 
Committee, was also a guest 

Corporal Jim Wiggans, of the Royal Canadian Mounted Po- 
lice, with a London police horse in Trafalgar Square 
yesterday. He and a woman Mountie are spending two 
months on ceremonial duties at Canada House in London 
(Photograph: Bill Warhnrst). 

Garden party 

HM Government 
Mr Malcolm Rjfkind, QC MP, 
and Mrs Rifkind were hosts at a 
reception and at a garden party 
afterwards within the Royal 
Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, on 
the occasion of the thirteenth 
Commonwealth Games. 



HM Government 
Mr John Mackay, Minister for 
Home Affairs. Health and So- 
cial Work, ax the Scottish Office, 
was host at a reception held at 6 
Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, 
last night. 

Commonwealth Jewish CouncD 
The Hon Greville Janner, QC, 
MP, President of the Common- 
wealth Jewish Council, and the 
honorary officers held a recep- 
tion at the Royal Common- 
wealth Society last night in 
honour of Sir Monty and Lady 

Mr SJDJL Chick 
and Baden roro STL Soeraino 
The marriage took place in 
Jakarta, Indonesia, on Monday, 
July 14, of Mr Simon Derek 
Ralph Chick, eider son of the ! 
late Mr Derek Chick and Mrs | 
Hazel Chick, of Epsom, and j 
Raden roro Sbirimirna 
Harrimoeny Soeraino, third 
daughter of the i»i« Raden 1 
Mohammad Soeraino ; 
Soeryaningrat and Raden Ayu 
Joyce Soenarti Soeramo, of 

Mr JJLA. East 
and Mrs GS. Johnson- H31 
The marriage took place m 
London on Saturday July 12, 
1986. between Mr John East and 
Mrs Charlotte Johnson-Hill 
(nee Mem man). 

Prior’s Field School 

The governors of Prior’s Field 
School, Godaiming, have ap- 
pointed Mrs Jennifer McCalium 
as Headmistress. Mrs 
McCalium is senior sixth form 
housemistress and a senior 
member of the English depart- 
ment at Cheltenham Ladies 
College. She will take up her 
post on January 1. 1987. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

a a Em + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 

Announcements, authenticated by the 
name ami permanent address of the 

name ami permanent address i 
sender, may be sent ue 

P0 BOX 484 
Vin^tia Street 
London El 

STDNMM - On I6tb July. In Anne 
into CRawel and Cob. a daughla-. 
Polly Elizabeth Josephine. 

TAH6 - On 20th July, at St Maiy'e. 
Paddington, lo Susanna and David, a 
son. Edward, a brother for Victoria. 
VAUGHAN-FOWLER - On July 17th. 
In Oxford, lo Penelope <hte 
Saugmanj. and James, a son. 
Thomas William Guy. 

WATSON - On 18 th July at Ihe Royal 
Free, lo Harriet (nfe Preston) and 
Hugh, a son. Oliver James, a brother 
far Alice. 


or telephoned (by uHepbooc 
etbers only) ire EMM W» 

Announcements can be received by 
telephone between 9.00am and 
5.30pm Monday to Friday, on Satur- 
day between 9.00am and 12 noon. 
01481 4N0 IWy). For pubtoiion the 
following day phone by I JOpm. 


etc on Court and Social Page Ft a Baa 
+ 1H VAT. 

Court and Social Page announce- 
ments can not be accqned by 
telephone- Enquiries to: 014EEZ 8853 
(after lOJQam). or send to; 

I. Pi in'mi— Stoat, Xante El. 

APOLD - On 19Ih July, 1986 at home. 
John Mackenzie T.D.. much loved 
husband of GflUan and father or 
James and Vivienne. Funeral pri- 
vate. Family flowers only. No letters 
please. Service of Thanksgiving to be 
announced later. 

BANKS • On July 19th. 1986. peace- 
fully alter a short Illness. John Adam 
aoed 79 years, brother of Christina. 
The FUneral Service takes place at 
Guildford Crem at ori um on Monday. 
July 28th at 11.00 am. All flowers 
and enquiries please to Pimms 
Funeral Services. Charters. Mary 
Road. Guildford lei. 67394. 

Phase allow at least 48 boon before 

m Ye that make mention of the 
LORD, keep not sBcnce. 
taaub 62 : 6 

M W PU - On the 14th July 1986. 
peacefully ta France. John Edmond, 
aged 7a Much loved husband of 
Ursula and dearly loved father and 
grandfather. The service win take 
place at DunsfoM Parish Church, on 
Wednesday 23rd July at 2 JO pja. 
Family flowers only. 


BARNES - On July 20m. at Queen 
Mary's Hospital. Roehampton. to 
Dinah inec Burgesi and Tim. a son. 
Gerald Hugh Osmond, a brother for 
Charlotte and Edward. 

BELLORD - On 17th July M Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital, to Marika (nfe 
Seilberg) and Bob. a daughter. 

BCTHELL - On July 17th. to Llddy 
inee Madden) and William, a 

BOGH-WMHKSSEN - On July 16th. 
to Caroline (n£e Riddick) and 
Michael a son. Robot, a brother for 
Kira and Sarah. 

BROWN - On 1 2th July. lo Janes and 
Sally into Gray), a son. Angus 

CORNWELL - On 18th Jidy. M Clarissa 
(nee Ingram) and Stephen. In Califor- 
nia. a daughter. Jessica Ann. 
Address 2670 North Beech wood 
Drive. Apt 2. Los Angeles. CA 

COX • On July 1 9th. to BeUPda. wife of 
Charles, a son. Huge (hanks to all at 
SL Teresa's. Wimbledon. 

KENSETT - On 30Ui July. 1986 lo 
Melanie unfe Boucher) and Gunter, a 
son. Stephen. 

LEGO - On 6Ui July, at Hospital La 
Paz. Madrid, to Christine uwe 
McPheej and Christopher, a son. 
Gavin Andrew, a brother for 
Samantha and Melanie. 

MANNING ■ On July leth. at CuckfleM 
Hospital, to Hasstna and Luke, a son. 
Francis William, a brother for 

MILLS - On 18th July, at the War Me- 
morial Hospital. Brecon to Stewart 
and Pcta. a daughter. PNHppa Alex- 
andra Peta. 

ROWLAND - On 18th July, at Hand 
Hempstead, to Steve and Susan (nee 
Ivy), a daughter. Katherine Frances. 
SINGER On Monday. 14U> July- at 
The Royal Free Hospital. Hamp- 
stead. lo Maureen mfe Jones) and 
Chris, a daughter. Laura Kate, a sis- 
ter for Jane and CJare. Grateful 
thanks to medical and nursing stair. 
Both well. Deo Crattas. 

SMITHSON - On 18 th July, lo Rachel 
inee Johns; and Philip, a dautftter. 
Amanda Kate. 

STANLEY - On 16U1 July, in Oxford. 
M Carla wee McKenzie) and Richard 
a son. OUver Richard Hugh. 

BROAD - On Jidy 18th 1986. Gordon 
Hepburn Forrest Broad O-B-E. aged 
72 years of Angmertng. west Sussex. 
Formerly Principal of Burleigh Com- 
munity College. Loughborough. 
Adored husband of Joy. Beloved fa- 
ther of Patricia and David. Dear step- 
father of Chris and Peter. Enquiries 
to HX). Tribe Ltd. Tel : Worthing 

CLOVER On Friday 18th July 1986. 
Robert MacNaugiit Glover. Funeral 
service at St Michaels. Waddodoa 
on Friday 25th July at 2.00pm. fol- 
lowed hy private cremation. No 
flowers, but donations if wished to 
the Hospice of Our Lady & St John. 
WIDen. Milton Keynes. 

CWtTNIBM ■ On July 17th. bi Lon- 
don. Robin James, beloved younger 
son of Denis and Angela GreenhJJI 
and dear brother of NlgeL Funeral 

GRUNEBAUM - On the 17th July. In 
hospital, waiter, husband of Daphne, 
of The Crooked House. Hampocn. 
Northleach. Okra. No flowers. Dona- 
tions to Honpnett Church 
Re s torat ion Fund. Hon. Treasurer. 
Hampnen Manor. Northleach. Gtos 
GL54 3NW. 

HARMS ■ On July 17th. peacefully al 
The Royal Free Hospital. Sr Thelma 
(Theresa). a Sister of the Sacred 
Heart of Jesus. Requiem Mass al 
2.00 pra on Thursday. July 24th. 
Flowers to BL Mary Magdalen 
Church. Athenaeum Road. Whet- 
stone. London N20. RIP. 

HENTSCHEL Christopher Call - Born 
on July 4th. 1899. passed away on 
July 2 19L 1986 aged 87 years. Ex- 
Prtnctpal of Chelsea College, late of 
Folkestone. Kent. Letters and cards 
to Mr J. Younger. 6 Winchester 
Drive. Durham. 

fMLL - On July 2LsL a l Hythe. peace- 
rufly. Elsie Kale FUzroy HUL widow 
of Ihe late Richard Harold Hid and 
mother of Roger and David, in her 
95th year. 

JOHNSON - On 18th July 1986. sud- 
denly at home at W est cm -Super - 
Mare. Peter Francis. Very dearly 
loved husband of Barbara and father 
of Claire and Kate. Service at SL 
John's Parish Church. Weston - 
Super-Mare on Thursday. 24th July 
at 2.15 pm. followed by cremation. 
Family flowers only please but if 
desired, donations to the church. 

HER - On July 19th. peacefully at 
home. Air Commod o re John Ker. 

RICHARDSON - On July 21st 1986. 
Captain Alec Richardson. RXM£. 
alter a tong and difficult Uloess. 
Funeral Service at St Peter's Church. 
Kington Langley. Chippenham. Wats 
on Friday. July 26th at 2pm. fol- 
lowed by Interment. Flowers may be 
sent to the church. Arrangement by 
Joltys Funeral Directors. 7 Windsor 
Place. Weston. Bath. 

Mr NXT. Hely-Hut chin son 
and Miss KJL Connolly 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July 19. at Si 
Katharine's, Knockholt, be- 
tween Mr Nicholas Hely- 
Hutchinson, elder son ofMrand. 
Mrs Henry Hdy-Huichinson. 
and Miss Kate Connolly, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Tim 
Connolly. Dom Kieran Cor- 
coran officiated,' assisted by 
Father John Form by and Dora 
Simon Sleeman. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Samantha 
Connolly, Eleanor Belfiage. Vic- 
toria Hely-Hutcbinson, Anna- 
belle Broadhurst Charlotte 
Pavrey, Huso Healing, and 
Alasiair Myles. The Earl of 
Woolton was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and ihe 
honeymoon will spent abroad. 

Three golfing paintings of the 
1890$ brought prices far be- 
yond the auctioneers expecta- 
tion at Sotheby's yesterday. 
Charles Edmund Brock's 
“The Bunker" soared to 
£23.100 (estimate £6,500 to 
£8,000)* ‘The Putt” made 
£20,900, and *The Drive" 
£18,700 against similar esti- 

While paintings featuring 
the game of golf are not 
exceptional* the depiction of 
specific shots, as in these 
po in t ings, k pwwoiwl and gives 

them a special interest. 

A series of engravings after 
the three paintings were pub- 
lished in 1894 have become 
popular icons in golfing com- 
munities. “The Banker” was 
bought by Mr M. Ohnan. an 
American dealer spec ializin g 
in golf memorabilia, while the 
other two were bought by 
private collectors. 

The other highlig ht of the 
golfing section of a sale devot- 
ed to a variety of sports was 
the £12,650 (estimate £2£00 
to £3,200) paid for an eigh- 
teenth-century iron cteek re- 
discovered in the secretary's 
office of the Goodwood Golf 
Chib in the 1920s. A second 
early deek secured only 
£2,640 against the same esti- 

. Christie's yesterday an- 
nounced the forthcoming a ac- 
tion of the contents of Callaly 
Castle in Northumberland on 
behalf of Major Simon 
Browne. One of the historic 
Border castles, it has its 
origins in a fourteenth-century 
peel tower and has been added 
to or altered in every succeed- 
ing century. 

Major Browne, aged 91, is a 
former master of foxhounds 
and the sale wiD include 
sporting pictures by Sartorins, 
Aiken. Seymour and others. 
There is also fine eighteenth 
and nineteenth-century furni- 
ture and an important group of 
Gobelins tapestries. The sale 
is planned for September 22- 

Callaly was the third house 
in Britain to be fitted for 
electricity in the 1890s. 
Among the cariosities iff the 
sale win be some of the 
original fittings. 

Another is the eighteenth- 

Dr John Fletcher, the distin- 
guished nuclear scientist who 
led the team which perfected 

the process for extracting and 

purifying plutonium from 
spent fuel dements, died on 
July 16. He was 76. 

He wenton to enjoy further 
careers both as an archaeolo- 
gist, using dendrochronology 
to date paintings by the rings 
in the wood, and as a genealo- 
gist tracing the name Harwell 
back as far as the fourteenth 


V ... r * 
0* * 

v* t'- 

century. -. - 

John Moiyneux Fletcher, 
was bom on July 5, 1910; the 
younger son of Clarence 
George Eugene Fletcher, town 
clerk of Islington. He was 
educated at King's School, 
Ely, Shrewsbury School and 
Balliol College, Oxford, where 
his tutor was (Sir) Harold 

He graduated in chemistry 
and then moved to 
neighbouring Trinity College 
where he taught for a year, 
studying under the watchful 
eye of (Sir) Cyril Hinshd- 
wood, FRS, a future Nobel 
prize winner. 

In 1934. he was awarded a 
Commonwealth Fond Fellow- 
ship and went to the Universi- 
ty of California at Berkeley 
where he undertook a three- 
year research programme 
which led to a PhD; artificial 
radioactivity had just been 
discovered and Fletcher was 
one of the first to use radioac- 
tive iodine as a tracer. _ 

On his return to England, he 
became a. , master at * Eton 
College and met his wife-to- 

*. . • >■ 
■ -r ■ 

V-- - 4 
JL r*C 

his senior staff postal Harwell , 
to start a new career based, oai 
his life-long interest , in - 
archaeology. ; ' V - ' 

. He joined the Dppartment 
of Forestry at Oxford. Univer- 
sity to initiate a stuffy; pf 
dendrochronology tfaimg 
timber by analysing the width 



■■ » r --T I- 

in 1970, to study tfiS oak 
panels nsed as * support for - jgTf. 
paintings; first, those xnm ,^-si 

known_ dates, and then, nsmj ... 

this knowledge to * 

paintings. He worfced on^5Q , . cJ *21 

paintings altogether, many, in 7X1 * 

the galleries of Europe, and ... * -r l * 
America, in a .programme r:s: y - x '*- ' 

supported by ■ the National s " 

Portrait Gafleiy ■ and : ihe jP . ,~ r 7 * i ' i 
Leverhulme Trtist Fhnd.-" ' ’ : - ^ > £jr J C» 

. Fletcher’s naime bMarob ires® 1 
well-known in art-mstdried ’.jp? bV!. 

5ft 1 J 

be, Delle Chenevix Trench. .• circles. He w&s ■ dEecfo^^a 
The war tobk him, first; to Fdfdwof fhe SocietyGfAHti- 
make rockets and then to the quaries and his expertiiefcate 
Army as a staff officer qteoal- the identification of a Holbein 
iying in chemical warfere. painting found in a CSdudriS^- 
ASer ' a short period" in tershtre rectory and no win the 

5jf ; S : »n> 

industry, he joined the chem- J; . Paul Getty Musetmai 
istry division of the Atomic California, - - 

Energy Research Establish- For many years Fletcher 
men t, Harwell, in chaige of lived in Harwell '■ Yilfat^ev 

j f 

os * ; 

resean* on chemical process- which nestles in the Oxford- - ^ 

es for the plant being built at shire Downs and which gave . . * •" 

Wmdscale (now Sdlafiefd). its name to the laboratory. In££L 1 ^ Dsrr* iarf« 1 
Here. Fletcher led a team of aa historical project he helped ^ ’ 7 , ^ * 

cnniiietc In thn- mMipnino tn uiwrifv linV hptofen ' w». 


■Z. -/ 'i; ' 

■ gE'B 1 

scientists in the pioneering to' identify the link between 
work of perfecting the process the thousands of families in 
for extracting and purifying the' United States with the 
plutonium foam spent fuel-, surname Harwell and their 
dements. His novel use of ancestry in the village. 

tributyl phosphate, to separate 
fission-product ruthenium 
made him a world expert on 
that dement • 

Later, when the Harwell 

The result of these 
endeavours was a book. The 
Harwell Trail (1981), written 
with Jan Whittaker, a Texan. 
That same year, the American 

Laboratory (now part of the families had installed a cocn- 
UK Atomic Energy Authority) memorative window , . in St 

broadened its role to under- . Matthew’s, Harwell, winch 
take non-nuclear research, his' indudes the shidd of Bishop 

century scagliola .table' top 
decorated in trampe-T oal frith 

decorated in trompe-f oal with 
a discarded hand, of playing, 
cards, a. sheet of music and a 
watch. They are believed to 
represent the disastrous brand 
of cards which lost a young 
gambler his estate and drove 
him to suicide. ' 

leafo developed the 'sol-gel 
process fin~pre$»rii]g4hoig^- - 
ic materials as near-perfect 
spheres of weD-defined ddfs- 

ii. j> • 

John de Hare well (1320- 
I386X bishop of Bath : ami 
Wells.-..- •• 

Fletcher had an admiring* 

ty and porosity. This v has‘ host of friends both in tire 
become one of Harwell’s sue- world of science and in the 

cessfiil commercial projects arts- : Throughout his many 
with numerous ajqrfications in ■ and varied projects he always 


Trade Policy Research Centre 
Lord Cockfiekt Commissioner 
for the Internal Market of the 
Commission of the European 

nudear and lion-nuclear 
industry; . 

In t^7,asa resufrof a heart 
attack, Fletcher retired from 

had splendid support from his 
wife, Delle, who survives him, 
together with their two «>ns 
and two daughters. - 

s I 

r '*' > 

a si; 

, -c : r.^M 

.f ! -? * •* ‘ 

- ; 

Iffd U'i T 2 C ' KM) 


ru* iau ; 'hMft 

ES £.t 

•pjC23rT3 cf rrsw- ' v 
:nu'! cr.ns . * 
Esoxi - } - 

a at. ; 

CS-tC ar::r.c: u&r ' 
iciE;! c.f 

izylzi « - Prig 

•; ] 

Martin Cropper ; 221 

^ bp 







Mrs Joan Bennett, who died 

Communities, was the guest of on July 20 at the age of 90, was 

Lecturer in English at Cam- 

ROBERTS - On Saturday. 19th July, 
suddenly at TwlcKennam. 
ROBERTS, formerly of Amptefoith. 
BaUkx and Uw Welsh Guards. A 
loved and loving friend and brother, 
son of Nicola and John Roberts. 27 
Kensington Square. W8. Requiem 
Mass at The Church of Uw Carmelite 
Fathers. Kensington Church Street, 
on Friday. July 28th al J OO pm. The 
Lord gave and The Lord has taken 
away. Blessed be (he name of The 

Mr C J. Loveder 
and Miss SJL. Duncan 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 19, at Si Joseph's 
Church. Bishop's Stortford. be- 
tween Mr Chris Loveder, son of 
Mr and Mrs Peter Loveder, of 
Merton Park, and Miss Shelagh 
Duncan, younger daughter of, 
Mr and Mrs Kenneth Duncan, 
of Bishop's Stortford. 

Royal last night given by the 
Trade Policy Research Centre. 
Sir Kenneth Durham, chair- 
man, presided. Among others 

S resent were: 

r Reay Geddes. Sir Ferirartite 
Rhodes. Mrs LUIlana Archibald. Mr T 
G Congdon. Mr Sidney GolL Dr David 
Lomax. Mr Roy Milner. Mr T M 
Ryoczynsu. Mr Hiroshi wato n abe 
and Mr A S Wlnckler. 

When after fifty years- of 
united work with her, Iher 
husband died in 1972, she 




bridge University from 1936 remained in her old home, 
to 1964, and a Ufe Fellow of keeping it as a centre for her 


In the examination results from 
St Andrews University the 
name of Elizabeth J. Ashurst 
was omitted from the list of 
second-class honours, division 
i. in French and German, 


She was. a pioneer in the 
difficult art of combining a 
distinguished career with do- 
mestic responsibilities. And 
though she was not' prolific as 
an author, her contributions 
to seventeemheentury studies 
and to George Eliot criticism 
never foiled to be lucid, sensi- 
tive and illuminating. 

She was born in London on 

family, and going about- her 
accustomed concerns 'with the 
courage she had earlier shown, 
when her son was lost by tragic 
chance while climbing in the 
Alps. On one or two occasions* 
this courage moved her to . 
public action from which she 
normally shrank. 

Thus in the case of ReghuLv 
Penguin Books, she was a 
witness for the defence ’: On 

*• fiuw . 



>ne nao earner snown, 

r son was lost by tragic : * V — -S 

vhile dimbing in the — ”^2 

one or two occasioraiF ^ '$22 ; “ 1 ' 

of mm 

Science report 

June 26, 1896, tbe daughter of behalf of Lady Chantrletfs 
Anhur. Frankau, and his wife Lover. But the publicity was 

> cf 

ROUS Sir Stanley. C.B£. ■ On 18tA 
July, after a short illness. Funeral 
private. No flowers please but dona- 
tions. If desired, to Cobon Trust c/o 
C.C.P.R.. Francis Street London 
SWIP IDE. A Memorial Sendee wUI 
be held later. 

SHAW ■ On 2001 July. 1986. sorktenly 
In London. Lady Katherine Oeceiey 
Saw- aged 89. wife of the late Sir 
Bernard Shaw. Funeral Service at 
Putney Vale Crematorium on Fri- 
day. 25th July at 4.00 pm. No 
flowers, by reouesL 

Lasers allow scrutiny 
of high-speed atoms 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

STEWART - On 19Ui July, at home 
alter an illness bravely borne. Maeve 
Patricia, loved wife of James, moth- 
er of James. Loots and Alexander, 
grandmother of James and Matthew. 
Funeral at The Sacred Heart 
Church. Soutftwotd. Reoulem Mass 
at 2.00 pm. 24 Ui July. No flowers or 
letters please. Donations, if wished, 
lo the Spastks Society. Room 16. 12 
Park Crescent. London WIN 4EQ. 

BUHKEIT - On July 20th. peacefully 
at home. Bristol. Alfred. MXX for- 
merly of ChlslehunL Funeral 
Service at SL Mary's. Stoke Bishop. 
1.30 pm. Friday. July 25th. Family 
flowers only. Donations to The 
Church of Engbuid Children's 

CB.E- R.A.F. Rerun Beloved hus- 

band of Anne, father of David. Roger I T mCH Judy - On Friday. Jdy 180 l 

CHEEIIMM - On July 16 th 1900. in 
London. David, much loved eon of 
Hal. brother of Kay and Ann. be- 
loved father of Antne and Kristina. 
May he rest in peaoe. Funeral Ser- 
vice will lake place In SL John's 
Chanel. Oxford Crematorium, on 
Tuesday. 22nd July al 12 noon. 
Family flowers only, bu donations. 
If desired, to The Oxford Christian 
Institute for Counselling. Cowley 
Road Methodist Church. Cowley 
Road. Oxford. 

and James and proud grandfather. 

I Funeral at SL Days. Stanford 

I Dtngtey on Thursday. July 24 th at 
5.00 pm. Family (lowers only. Dona- 
tions. If wished, to RAJ 1 . Benevolent 
Fund . 

Kit IO ■ On 18th July 1986. al East- 
bourne. after an illness borne with 
great courage. Beatrice (Baggy}. 
Dearly loved sister of Marie 
O ‘Callaghan, devoted aunt of Larry 
and great aunt of Thomas and Sally- 
Marie. Enquiries lo Hatne & Son Lid. 
19 South Street. Eastbourne. r«ox 

MURRAY - On July 17Ui. at Henley- 
on-Thames. Gay. widow of Dr 
Charles Peter Murray and beloved 
mother of Jean and Aiastair. a pri- 
vate cremaflon was held on Monday, 
July 2lsL 

1986 al Amersham Hospital, after 
typical flghL aged Si. Mix* toyed 
wife to David and mother of .Mat- 
thew. Emma and Dan. Funeral wii 
be on Friday. July 25th at 11.30 am 
at Chlltena Crematorium. Whieiden 
Lane. Anwsham. afterwards at 
Pleasant View, The Plan. 
Amersham. No bought flowers 
please. Donations to The Royal 
Marsden HospUal Medical Unll Re- 
search Fund. Sutton. Surrey, or the 
Iain Rennie Hospice at Horae. 


CLANK ■ On July 18th. 1986. peace- 
fully In hfei sleep. Brigadier Francis 
George Clark, gb.e.. R a. verdj. 
Born Wellington. New Zealand on 
June 15th. 1899. Much loved hus- 
band of Joy. father of Simon and 
Fetidly, grandfather of James and 
Fiona. Funeral Service win take 
place at St. Andrew's Church. Ham 
Common on Thursday. July 24!h at 
3Z0 pm. followed by private crema- 
tion. Flora) tributes may be sent to 
T.H. Sanders 6 Sons Lid. 447 Upper 
Richmond Road West SW14. 

CUSNKMtTN - On 18th July, at the 
King Edward vn Hospital for Offi- 
cers. Elisabeth Frances Cusworth. 
widow of George Howard Cusworth 
of 52 Devonshire Place. London WI . 

MUSOtAVE - On 20!h July. 8r Cyril" 
Musgrave. K.C.B. Funeral at 
Walsham-te-wuiows at 2.00 pm on 
23nl July. 

PALMER - On July 18th. al Centra ! 
Middlesex Hospital. OoUn. dearhr 
loved husband of Jin. father of 
Alison and Louise and son of Phyllis 
Palmer. Funeral on Friday. July 
25th at St. Nicholas Parish Church. 
Federal Road. Perivale. 10.30 am. 
Flowers to 248 Empire Road. 
Perivale by 10.00 am. 

BOSANQUET - A Service of Thanks- 
giving fa- the life of Charles 
BosanoueL first Vice Chancellor of 
Ihe University of Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne will be held al 2.30 pm on 
Friday. 3rd October at St. Thomas 
Ihe Martyr Church. HaymarkeL 


FIENNES Alice Twtsieton-wyReham. 
Beloved wife of Dick and mother or 
Diana. Frances amt George. Peace- 
hilly in her steep on July 20th alher 
home In Kew. Funeral lobe arranged 
In about tore* wee**. Ring Sanders* 
Sons 01-948 1651 JR two weeks. 

POGOM - On July 17th. In hoapHaL 
Myers Foggin. CJB.E. Beloved. hus- 
band 0 i Lone, father of Peter and 
Erica, and father-in-law of Ruth and 
Hugo. Family funcraL 

PLAYER on Wednesday July 16 th. 

. »86. whilst sailing in trvtond. Gilbert 

Edgar (Ned; aged 65. loved husband 
of Ura and father or Marion. Mi- 
chael. Jessica. Mandfe. Wen. Liz and 
Swee’pea. Funeral service at St 
Mary's Church. Tatsfletd. on Thurs- 
day July 24th at.2.00pm. Flowers- 
or if preferred donations in aid of 
Oxted Branch of Red Ows. to be 
sent to Ebbutt Funeral Service. High 
Street. UmpaftekL Oxted. Surrey. No 
wreaths ptease 

RATHER. Martin on 20th July. Dearly 
loved maband of Bertha and Mher 
of Stephen and Alan, funeral « 
11 .00 am at Cheshunt and PW» “ 
8 00 pm on 22nd July at 21 San- 
dringham Gardens. N12. 

BJULEY. Jonathan James. BSc. RTCS. 
Tragically on 22.7.83. aged 23. Con- 
stantly In our thoughts. 

LAYTON In memory of Reginald 
Frank, son of Waller and May. 22 
July 1886 -2nd October 1966. Light 
perpetual shine upon them- 

LEANSC L. Gerald - 2 lst July. 1980. 
Remembering my darting husband, 
today and every day with eternal 

WEBS. A.G - Remembe r ing my ever 
beloved Disband on this the 27th an- 
niversary of his death, now and 
always. Stella. 

WETIftfitFl.li4 t EH*Ett - In loving 
memory of Colin Wethendl-Fepper. 
14th. aoih King’s Hussars, from his 
mother and family. 

American scientists have suc- 
cessfully nsed beams of laser 
light to slow down free atoms 
enough to allow atomic physi- 
cists to scrutinize them 

The experiment is being 
described in the United States 
as a breakthrough which will 
make it possible to explore 
fendamental states of matter 
that have never been observed. 

In an ordinary vacuum 
chamber, scientists at AT & 
Ts Bell Laboratories in 
HolmdeL, New Jersey, used 
seven criss-crossed laser 
beams to create what they 
have called “optical 

Certain atoms that normally 
move at several miles a second 
were slowed to ordinary walk- 
ing speed, making it possible 
for their motion to be observed 
by the human eye. 

The optical trapping of at- 
oms reties on tight exerting 
pressure on objects it strikes. 
Normally, this radiation pres- 
sure is negligible compared to 
gravity or air pressure, but in 
the vacuum of deep space 
radiation pressure becomes an 
important means of moving 
matter around. 

The researchers captured 
about 500 atoms of sodium 
metal from a pellet that had 
been vaporized in a stainless 
steel vacuum chamber with 
video cameras and measuring 
instruments. Six laser beams 
from ail directions were con- 
centrated on a cubic 
centimetre of space. 

A seventh beam, timed to a 
different frequency, exerted a 
different kind of light force, 
setting up an attraction based 

on the atoms' interaction with 
its energy field. The atoms 
became tike moths, seeking 
the region of higher laser 


By moving the trap beam, 
scientists were able to move 
the atoms as well, using the 
laser as a land of optical 
tweezer, and trapping the at- 
oms for up to fonr seconds. 

The same research team has 
also prodaced new records for 
cold and density in a gas. 
Because temperature depends 
on atomic motion, the process 
cools the atoms to vastly 
colder temperatures than can 
be achieved by ordinary 

The most immediate appli- 
cation of the results might 
come in improved atomic 
docks, according to the New 
York Times , which reported 
the experiment By relyiag on 
the natural vibration of atoms, 
slicing time into intervals of 
the order of a billionth of a 
second, such docks let naviga- 
tion systems use satellite sig- 
nals to fix global positions to 
within a few dozen yards. .. 

As the resonance of slow 

Julia, who enjoyed great popu- 
larity in her day as the 
novelist. Rank Danby. Gil- 
bert' Frankau, the novelist, 
was Joan’s brother. 

Educated at Wycombe Ab- 
bey School, which she dis- 
liked, and afterwards at 
Hamburg and Paris, she went 
to Girton in 1916. She had 
been brought up in the 
wealthy and fashionable 
world, and when she went for 
her interviews at college 
brought no less than four 
evening dresses; for it would 
not do for a young lady to 
wear the same dress twice. 

At Cambridge, she read 
Modern languages and En- 
glish; she also met and mar- 
ried, in December, 1920, 
Stanley Bennett who had be- 
gun life in London as a 
schoolmaster, and had come 
to Cambridge straight from 
the Western Front 

The Bennetts brought up a 
lively family of three daugh- 

odious to her and though : the 
defence’s cause was germane 
id her whole personal meta- 
physic, she accepted the task 
only from a sense of duty v Her 
own views had been formed in 
the liberal atmosphere of .the 
1 920s, and throughout her life 
she was a staunch. opponentof 

’ L - iw#« 

;-r ‘- A * 


. w - *"* 7’ir 

ifcV =V/i 



mem ’j 

Her published works ih- 
uded Four Metaoh vsieal Po- 

duded Four Metaphysical Fo- 
ets (1934), expanded as Five 
Metaphysical Poets in l965 by 
the addition of Marvell to- the 
original roll of Donne, Her- 
bert, Vaughan and Crashaw. A 
popular standard work, thei^ 
book provided insights which. 
seemed as fresh and Valid . 
when it appeared in ite extend- 
ed version, as it had thirty 
years before. 

*N..**“ >■, M 

r «*** 



Virginia Woolf: Her Art as a 
Novelist appeared tn .I945^and 
was followed,' in 1948, tiy 
George Eliot : Her Mind and: 
her Art. This coincided -with' 

v * i *V . * mm , ^ " 

tens and a son, while at the The Great Tradition and, tike 
same time they carried out an .Leavis’s book, drew 

active teaching programme, persuasive attention, to the 

same time they carried out an 
active teaching programme, 
wrote books and entertained 
an ever-growing circle of 

Joan Bennett served on the 
English Faculty Board, exam- 
ined for the Tripos and, after 

£5? Mo «E*« 

psychological shrewdness of 
Daniel Deronda, a novel, at 
that-time, not much beloved 
ev f?? George Eliot devotees. ' 

Sir Thomas Browne ap~ 

peared in 1962" and rendered 


Un- *"* « 

Wr fart- 

her family "had' grown up,' *?■ studies of the author' ihe 
accepted a Fellowship at her Sl 8 nal service of brushing 

tion systems nse old raUege But although an ™?ntle of 

nals to fix dobal Dositknis to excellent administrator, she . CJUaintI ^ ss which hangs 
within a fewdown yards. . not ca« for taking the Browne. 

As the resonance of slow chair, or for speaking in the j ? eanc n * ■ account reveals A 
atoms can be measured much Spate House or on the public “Swe. of mtelleetud poise, 
more accnrateJy. h may be Plarfonn. : jqnqMfawi and deep 

possible to make atomic docks . She was absorbed in educa- conviction, 
more precise. uonasa ft rmsupparter and Modest and setfeffodnk. 

niices in spectroscopic meo- Training Coll ^e and other Bennett 
snrements- the analysis of die Cambridge educational estab- ofmSr, 

possible to make atomic docks 
more precise. 

Scfefltists also expect ad- 
vances in spectroscopic mea- 
surements - the analysis of the 
spectral frequencies of the 
energy that different atoms 
radiate to determine the com- 
position of objects from rare 
chemicals to distant stars.' 

The work at Bell Laborato- 
ries is to be folly reported in 
Physical Review Letters. 



When her husband visited 
the United States, she accom- 
panied him, and herself made 
a- mark as a lecturer -at the 
University of Chicago, where 
they. -became ‘ familiar and 
welcome figures. 

of many generations of Cam-^£=i: 
bridge students. Her attach-, 
ment -to Girton, where sfe' - - 
taught into the .1 970s, encoufc* 
fSged two of her da ug hters and;' . 
four grand-da utters to- foUoW 

k ®®. ; ; s£u dents there, wlrilp 
her thtrii daughter became *- 
Fellow as- its Libra rian-: 


" -^ton 






look at 

sketchy fa 

its compressed, 
sketchy format to bear on the 
bnlldings of London, The En- 
glish House. (Thames) boldly 
zipped through four centuries 
of - architectural history in a 


Jj ■ The resulting slide-show of 
engravings, oils and location 
shots was decidedly thin on 
'bet 1 Dedraus Barton went 
shamefully anmentioned; the 
cstalystk Influence of lease- 
holifon the growth of specnla- 
tive bonding- was ignored; tie 
casual viewer might have been 
left with the impression that 
Nash's Regent' Street ' still 
stands. The visual content, 
however, was splendid. 

Ob Channel 4, The . Kit 
Curran: Radio Show meta- 
morpbozed into plain Kit Cur- 
ran* taking up the story of the 
jobless local-radio boys (Paul 
Brooke and Clive Morrison) 
who find themselves galva- 
nized into at least a semblance 
of ambition try the gruesome, 
v Hawaiinn-shirted disc- jockey 
(Denis Lawson). 

With Lindsay Duncan pro- 
riding a measure of distraction 
as the clothes designer next 
door, the series may well hanl 
Itself into the lower reaches of 
the BARB, chart, but, for all 
Mf Lawson's attempts at a 
sort of disco Laurence Harvey, 
this is pretty thin grad. 

Later, Split Screen (BBC!) 
afforded the opportunity to put 
the case for and against the 
censorship of pornography. 
The opponents of censorship 
informed ns, inter alia* that 
there are Common Market 
guidelines for the sate of 
sexually explicit material, that 
the physically handicapped 
cannot reach the meretricious 
. top shelves of their news- 
-agents and that Derek Jarman 
believes there is not enough 
homosexual pornography gen- 
erally available. 

The second half was much 
funnier, a heady Mend of 
received ideas, specious rea- 
soning, stolid dramatization 
and plain ignorance. To say 
that pornography is the 
growth industry of the 1980s is 
a form of wishful thinking (it 
may indeed have been true of 
the 1970 s), white to imply that 
Playboy depicts rape may have 
been actiona ble. 

The proponents of censor- 
ship were really rather cross 
-T, -^bout practically everything — 

- ‘•art, literature, photography, 

- advertising — hot neither side 
came wstMn a mile of assem- 
bling anything so su bstanti al 
as an argument 

Martin Cropper 

O all enes Opcrs 

Gloomy gifts of a new generation shadows darken 

aJ C/ SmuS rhrwi Pinvonni allure in the voice: as it is. 

_ „„ * uonoiovanm sounds as ifhe has been on 

The Human Touch 
Fischer Fine Art 

Stephen Duncalf 

Victoria Miro 

Firmin Rocker 
Stephen Bartley 

Ursula Edgcmnbe 
Gillian Jason 

In the early Eighties Fischer Fine Art 
was famous, among other things, for 
its championing of the then contro- 
versial or very newly fashionable 
photo-realist strain in British art, 
through a series of summer shows 
under the general title of The Figura- 
tive Approach. Time moves on, and 
fashions in art move with it This year 
the equivalent slot, empty for a 
couple of years. * s filled with a show 
selected by Mary Rose Beaumont and 
entitled The Human Touch (until 
August 8 ). , 

The change of emphasis is subtle, 
but clearly present. The work, by JO 
young 'artists from England and 
Scotland, is still figurative, but in a 
much more general sense than hereto- 
fore: influences from Neo-Expres- 
sionism, which has become virtually 
the painter's lingua firanca in the years 
since Zeitgeist* are evident almost 
throughout, though in at least one 
case, that of Ian Hughes, we can 
perhaps drop the “Neo" and take him 
at bis word when he speaks enthusias- 
tically about the effect good old 
original German Expressionism has 
had on him. 

The habit, engendered by the 
"generation of '64", of art dealers 
looking avidly through the portfolios 
of soon-to-graduate students of the 
Royal College of Art, the Slade and 
other prominent schools faded away 
somewhat when the expected crops of 
new. Hockneys, Caulfields and such 
failed to materialize. But it is still true 
that most graduating artists with even 
a hint of individual talent will likely 
be discovered and displayed. 

The ever-enterpriang Pa ton Gal- 
lery had three from the RCA on show 
-this, year even before the final 
exhibition opened at the college itself. 
And two more of the instantly notable 
talents, Christopher Cook and Ansel 
Knit, turn up only a tittle later in the 
current Fischer selection. Both of 
them have the advantage of being 
recognizable on sight: Krut with his 
odd, obsessive scenes of apparently 
sexual by-play painted in a technique 
improbably dose to that of the later 
Sickert, and Cook 'with his even more 
curious landscapes, sometimes, as in 
Afiermath,. hinting at recent human 
presence almost but not quite obliter- 
ated.. Both of them go in for mainly 
subdued, brownish colours, but de- 
ployed with great, precocious skill. 

A loner's lost world: Firmin Rocker's The Travellers (1942) 

Don Giovanni 


At the end of an unprecedent- 
edly various Glyndeboume 
season, after visions of 17th- 
century Venice and 20th- 
century America, of epic 
Verdi and intimate Britten, 
there was the homecoming. 
Sir Peter Hall's Mozart pro- 
ductions have provided the 
company with a stable centre 
throughout the last decade, 
and his wary, dark-shadowed 
Don Giovanni has withstood 
revivals welL But. rather dis- 
appointingly, it comes near 
being sorely tested now. 

The less than distinguished 
impression it made on Sunday 
must have had something to 
do with the fact that this time 
it was not rehearsed by Sir 
Peter: the movement has be- 
come tired and stiff, and 
encumbered by the dire habit 
of making gestures to echo the 
musical ones. Of rourse the 
relationships are still in place, 
and the casting of Ottavio as a 
substitute Commendatore, a 
father-figure for Donna Anna, 
remains highly plausible. This 
staging also continues to 
mount a journey to hell that is 
both dramatically effective 
and in scale with the musi c. 
But. with whatever regrets, 
one has to conclude from the 
production's present dim state 
that it is time for Glynde- 
boume to take a new look at 
the work. 

and both have an intriguing strain of 
the sinister or the downright nasty 
about their work. 

A certain glumness seems to be the 
hallmark of this particular genera- 
tion. None of the 10 is actually cheeiy 
— not even Ian Howard, who is 
apparently obsessed with what look 
like holiday favours of various kinds, 
whoris and curlicues which might be 
fireworks or sweetmeats, or again 
might not From the general tone of 
his pictures, the only holiday which 
might feature them would be 
Hallowe'en. Simon Fraser is another 
Symbolist, Eighties-style, with paint-, 
ings and graphics full of vaguely (or 
perhaps, in his own mind very 
precisely) mythological reference; but 
at least his colour sense is light and 
bright, in the appealing tradition of 
the Scottish colourists. 

Another isolated and eccentric 
artist who might deserve the same 
dubious epithet is Stephen Duncalf, 
at Victoria Miro until August 15. His 
landscapes look tike nothing, really, 
except themselves. Perhaps there is a 
hint of the Twenties about them, m 
their delicate and precise formaliza- 
tion of the visual data on back- 
gardens and allotments and building 
sites, which some of the synthetic 
cubists might well understand .But 

curious surface treatment, which 
looks as though the paint has been 
carefully combed when wet to give a 
tapestry-like impression. In fret, I am 
told, each little groove has been 
created individually with a scalpel. 
However he does it, and whyever he 
does it, the effect is riveting, and at 
the very least memorably strange. _ 
Another loner, of a much senior 
generation, is Firmin Rocker, at the 
Stephen Bartley Gallery in Chelsea 
until August 2. His professional 
history is weird: bora in London in 
1907 of German/Russian parentage, 
he studied in Germany and worked 
there as a commercial lithographer, 
then in 1930 settled in New York, 
where he worked in an animated 
cartoon studio and as a book and 
magazine illustrator. Later on he 
began painting as well, and in 1984 
returned at long last to London, 
where he now lives. From that one 
would have no idea what to expect 
As it turns out he belongs to the 
American realist school of the inter- 
war years, a bit like Reginald Marsh 
or Paul Cadmus. His subject-matter 
is drawn almost entirely from the 
New York streets or subways, and the 

the Forties, and compare very well 
with better-known works by better- 
known artists who recorded the same 
lost world. _ , . 

A fortnight ago I mentioned the 
impressive showing made by Ursula 
Edgcumbe in . the Fine Art Society’s 
survey of Sculpture in Britain Be- 
tween the Wars. Further documenta- 
tion now comes in an exhibition 
devoted to Edgcumbe’s sculptures 
and paintings at the Gillian Jason 
Gallery until August 8 . The other 
sculptures shown confirm the golden 
impressions created by those at the 
Fine Art Society: she was evidently a 
very distinctive talent with a special 
feeling for men at work, whom she 
depicted with great solidity and fine 
economy. Her paintings are on the 
whole less compelling: there tends 
(oddly fora sculptor) to be something 
boneless and insubstantial about her 
human figures. However, again the 
interest in men at work shows to 
advantage; when, as in paintings like 
Tying Up at King's Lynn* the 
architecture of the scene predomi- 
nates, and the figures are reduced 
almost to Lowry matchstick-men, a 
real strength comes through- But in 
the main the judgement that she was a 

It may yet be that a better 
case for this revival will be 
made when Bernard Haitink 
takes over the conducting later 
in the run. Andrew Davis's 
handling of the score is more 
vigorous than co-ordinated, 
and the playing of the London 
Philharmonic tends to be 
heavy and rough in ensemble 
(though there was nice work 
from the serenades • in tiie 
dinner scene). The connection 
of stage and pit was also at 
[ 'hazard, particularly in the first 

The cast is led by Richard 
Stilwell. who could surely 
have been helped by the make- 
up and wardrobe departments 
to look a little more lusting 
and dishy. But then his physi- 
cal unkemptness might matter 
a bit less if there were more 

allure in the voice: as it is. he 
sounds as ifhe has been on the 
road too long, and the I-0O3 
have taken their tolL He 
makes much of a head-voice 
which comes over with a 
hollow greyness rather lhan 
the sweetness that I imagine is 
intended, and his stronger 
singing lacks ease. It is sad to 
see a singer who has given 
much to this company placed 
in a role which hardly engages 
his strong points. 

The two ladies are much 
more successfully cast, Carol 
Vaness as Anna and Felicity 
Lott as Elvira providing a 
contrast as between Ingres and 
Delacroix. Miss Vaness has a 
marvellous creamy stateli- 
ness, achieving an expressive 
warmth that sublimely man- 
ages to avoid expressing any- 
thing at all: this Donna Anna's 
concern is above all with her 
pose, to which Ottavio is a 
prop. Meanwhile. Miss Lott 
emotes tike fury. In her en- 
trance aria I felt she did so loo 
much, her tone and phrasing 
being unavoidably affected by 
her efforts to stay tight-lipped 
But in the second act she took 
advantage of the opportunities 
to open out. 

The LeporeUo is Richard 
Van Allan, who seems to have 
played Leporello in every Don 
Giovanni 1 have seen, but who 
remains good-humoured 
about the enterprise and fun to 
watch and hear. Keith Lewis 
as Don Ottavio is also a 
familiar figure, though surely 
he cannot have sung before 
with such radiant confidence 
as he found here in the second 
act (like Miss Lou, he had 
encountered problems in the 
first). Dimitri Kavrakos is a 
lyrical Commendatore and 
Stephen DuPont a grim- 
voiced Masetto, but the most 
striking new interpret * 011 
the evening is Lesley Garrett’s 
Zerlina. Somehow, without 
compromising the cultured- 
ness of the Mozariian line, she 
slides into a touch of the 
earthiness of folk-singing: the 
result is something both con- 
trived and natural; it is also 
something decidedly erotic. 
And eroticism, unless it comes 
in the witty, slithery insinua- 
tions of Jonathan Hinden's 
continue playing, is a vital 
clement the revival needs. 

Paul Griffiths 

Promenade Concert 

Orfeo ; 

Albert Hall/Radio 3 

nai mines in the show dale mostly me main wc ' “.r 

fi-omtheForties on (though even very bom sculptor and little otherwise still 

i«S“-3«:SS m “joha RtisreH T aylor 

Cheltenham Festival 

Town Hall 

After three years as Festival 
President, Peter Racine 
-'Flicker took his leave at 
Cheltenham's closing concert 
with the premiere of his 
Concerto for Orchestra as the 
,'4 centre-piece of the Roy" 
Philharmonic’s programme. 
Two of his symphonies, the 
First and Fourth, were also 
premtered here in years gone 
by, as well as other works of 
'his, and the new Concerto 
made a comparable impres- 
sion for . the strength and 
vigour of its ideas. 

While remaining consistent 
lb** a diatonic idiom that 
neither leans too for back nor 
ventures too for forward.. tne 
• composer has evolved into 

writing of a more linear 
. character which this time 

finds expression lncontrasB 

of instrumental blocks as be- 
tween the. four orchestral 
“families”. A chorale for bra» 
acts as a recumng pronto* 

er that one’s ear began to have 
doubts about their construc- 
tive relationship, as ifthey had 
been composed as separate 
entities. However, an exposi- 
tion of ideas in terms of solo 
chamber groups late on m the 
20 minutes or so duration was 
expertly placed. 

Andrew Litton's cond ucting 
secured a responsive perfor- 
mance that betokened careful 
preparation and a dear sense 
of musical purpose, though he 
could not prevent some pas- 
sages from becoming impene- 
trably dense or opaque in this 
acoustic. Not the least surpns- 
ing achievement is that this 
festival has survived more 
than 40 years of intrbdi 
new music hi such a 
where even Peter Maxwell 
Davies has on occasion 
sounded tike Cfisar Franck, 
whose D minor Symphony 
began this programme. 

Before escaping to a better 
perspective at the back, what 1 
could discern m the welter of 
lop-sided sound that readied 
my seat suggested / perfor- 
mance of considered sensimt- 
forward momentum 

The late Cornell Woolrich (right) was the unchallenged star : 

of this year’s ‘Mystfest’: David Robinson reports 

Haifa century’s inspiration 

acts as a recurrm® ^ forward momentum 

reference without overdone sentiment- 

■ thewurceofspintedvanatt qualities that 

writing in one of the work ere ^ apprecial £ ( i 

cwtinns. from a greater distance in the 

f , “CnioTna’' Variations, 

five sections. 

: Passages for each of the 
instrumental groups *]V 1U ™ 
‘ yielded evidence of immense- 
• ly skilled harmonic and rhytn- 

mic devices. It was 

groups were assembled togetn- 

final “Enigma” Variations, 
where ensemble splendour 
was matched by vitality and 
detail. . 

Noel Goodwin 


Ou, oxnprehe*®" 

covers - _ T _ 

Photography me. uxj-innt 1986. 

EHKOC NOW ^ ttetea FroyCng MA (ECA), 

sshsm sfsasss® 




1 ,’AmohbFw 



Catlolica, on the Adriatic 
coast of Italy, enjoys a moth- 
like life-cycle. In winter it 
shrivels to a chrysalis of fewer 
than 20,000 inhabitants. In 
summer it emerges in the 
brilliance of 400 newly- paint- 
ed hotels and 10,000 beach 
umbrellas. Before the. World 
Wars it attracted the discrimi- 
nating bourgeoisie (Marco iu 
and Mussolini were regulars); 
now it spreads its wings for 
hundreds of thousands of 
package tourists from Germa- 
ny and the English midlands. 

In July Catlolica also hosts 
Mystfest. the only annual 
festival devoted to- firms ana 
fiction of mystery and detec- 
tion. Part-sponsored by tne 
huge publishing house of 
Mondadori, whose famous 
yellow-covered paper backs 
constitute the world’s largest 
regular output of formers, 
Mystfest lays special emphasis 
on links between literature 
and screen. 

Past editions have paia 
tribute to writers ranging from 
Hammett to Le Carre: this 
year’s star was Cornell Wool- 
rich, whose novels and stones 
have inspired film-makers for 

almost sixty years. At least 36 
films and 50 television adap- 
tations from his stones are 

recorded, some made in Ja- 
pan. Spain and the USSR. 
Among the more ^ 

Hitchcock’s Rear, Window 
and Truifout’s The Bride 
Wore Black. 

Woohich’s life was as bi- 
zarre as one of his own stones. 
Born in 1903. in his childhood 
be was tossed from one to the 
other of his divorced parents. 
At eight he saw Madam 
Butterfly in Mexico City and 
(as he later claimed) was from 
that moment awakened to the 
meaning of art and the tragedy 
of existence. 

At 23, determined to be a 

new Scott Fitzgerald, he pub- 

lished a Jazz Age noveL Cover 
Charge. The following year ms 
second book. Children of the 
Rite, was filmed. Wool neb 
tried unsuccessfully to be a 
scriptwriter, and at foe sa ™ e 
time, in a bid to deny his 
homosexuality, mamed tne 
daughter of the veteran En- 
dish-bora producer J. Stuart 
Blackwn. The damage re- 
mained unconsummated, ana 

after a fortnight WoolrKh fled 

home to New York and 
m IJnS Mrs Woolrich’s death. 

thirty years later, mother and 
son were inseparable, always 
living in hotel rooms, appar- 
ently tied by complex bonds of 
love and hatred. Mrs Wool- 
rich was neurotically posses- 
sive: and Woolrich seems 
rareiy to have left her side or 
met anyone dse. By the time 
of her death in 1 958 he was a 
total recluse, diabetic and an 
acute alcoholic. Follo wing the 
amputation of a gangrenous 
leg. he spent his last yearjtnl 
in his hotel room, confined to 
a wheelchair — an eene rein- 
carnation of the hero of Rear 
Window. He died in 1968- 
Through it all he wrote. In 
the Thirties he contributed 
innumerable stories to pulp 
magazines, and in 1940 began 
bis series of classic thrillers 
with The Bride Wore Black. 
He was so prolific that he felt 
obliged to adopt additional 
pseudonymous literary identi- 
ties as “William Irish” and 
“George Hopley”. 

His works were the essence 
of the Forties film noir. Set in 
lamplit city streets, bars, 
ifight-clubs and back rooms of 
cheap hotels, they encapsulat- 
ed an atmosphere of mystery, 
menace and fatalism that 
seemed to respond to the 
mood and needs of the anx- 
ious and uncertain years of the 
war and its aftermath. His 
plots could be shaky and his 
dialogue weak; but his descrip- 
tive writing often touched 
brilliance, and he had a genius 
for inventing haunting scenes 
and situations. Motifs . are 
recurrent - amnesia, night- 
mares. tragic beauties driven 
to murder, innocent heroes 
inextricably incriminated. 

It is invariably the problem 
with festivals that such retro- 
spective events as Catlolica s 
Woolrich screenings over- 
shadow any new films on 
display. In terms of the com- 
petition. Mystfest has the 
problem that the mystery 
genre is currently in a period 
of eclipse. 

It is also changing radically. 
In the old thrillers, the cause 
of paranoia was generally 
traced to private criminals or 
malevolent psychopaths. 
Nowadays the paranoia is 
more often inspired by the 
secret agencies of govern- 
ments and the menace- of 
nuclear science. Cattohca’s 
Grand Prix winner. Serge 
Leroy’s Le Qnatrieote Ptouroir 
( The Fourth Estate), and the 

British winner of the Special 
Jury Prize. David Drury’s 
Defence of the Realm, have 
exactly parallel subjects, the 
predicament of political jour- 
nalists who find out more than 
the Government wants them 
to know. . _ 

The French film is sticker, 
with the moral issues too 
neatly laid out Defence of the 
Realm* with its rougher edges, 
still looks good at second 
viewing. Denholm Elliott took 
the prize for Best Actor for his 
role, as a battered old hack 
with a remnant of honour still 
about him. 

Another British entry, Colin 
Bucksey’s adaptation of John 
Bowen's The McGuffi also 
tells a story of government 
agents who will stop at noth- 
ing to suppress evidence of 
ministerial indiscretion. 
Uiifortunatly the film (made 
for BBC Television) wanders 
off into in-jokes about films 
and festivals which must be 
incomprehensible to most of 
the audience and for the 
others embarrassing in their 
film-school naivety. 

Peter DuffelTs Letters to an 
Unknown Low. from a Boi- 
leau and Narcejac story, is in 
classic thriller style, and ele- 
gantly staged; but neither di- 
rector nor stare can overcome 
essential script weaknesses. 

Mystfest' s single new who- 
dunnit in the classic manner 
was ineligible for compel! ton, 
since its director, Claude 
Chabrol, was president of the 
jury. In Inspector Lavardin he 
creates a personable and ec- 
centric detective (Jean Poiret, 
the police inspector in Chab- 
rol’s previous film, Poulet au 
vinaigre) aiyf dispatches him 
to investigate a murder in 
another of the small, politely 
vicious provincial communi- 
ties which nobody describes 
better. The charm of the film 
is its reversal of the conven- 
tional morality of the detec- 
tive story with its traditional 
vindication of the innocent. 
The autocratic Lavardin 
metes out reward and punish - 1 
mem according to his own 
sentiments, preferring to in- 
criminate a bad person who 
did not commit the crime lhan 
the good one who did. 

• A rare and classic Woolrich 
adaptation, Robert Siodmak’s 
Phantom Lady, can be seen in 
the late-night show at the 

« ,, j Mill iu. A ncn id 

It is ironic that the most 
carefully.researched and beau- 
tifully detailed staging of 
Monteverdi’s Orfeo ever seen 
in London should be present- 
ed in an arena which is, 
perhaps, 50 times larger than 
the intimate Mantuan court 
surroundings of the opera’s 
1607 premiftre. But even this 
irony was turned into triumph 
by Kay Lawrence and Roger 
Nonington, joint directors of 
the Early Ojiera Project, which 
mounted this seminal produc- 
tion (first seen at the 1984 
Maggio Musicale). 

The celebrated opening toc- 
cata, for instance, sounded not 
from the arena, but from a 
procession of instrumentalists 
(in striking maroon renais- 
sance costumes) wend jng their 
way around the corridor be- 
hind the stalls boxes. First 
came the sackbuis and Cor- 
nells; from the other direction 
the strings and recorders en- 
tered. Meeting up with the 
battery of conti nuo instru- 
ments, they formed two tonal- 
ly contrasted ensembles on 
either side of the stage, and the 
Prologue began. Later, the 
hall’s vast spaces were used to 
excellent effect to enhance 
Monteverdi’s echo effects. 

But this happy adaptation 
(which also included bringing 
much of the action forward 
out of Terence Emery’s ele- 
gant, pillared set) was only to 
be expected from two produc- 
ers who had already lavished, 
so much ingenuity on this first 
great opera. The staging possi- 
bly represents one of the most 
important advances _ in^ toe 
quest for “authenticity for 
years, because at last it seems 
that all the manifold arts or 
the early baroque opera per- 
former - gesture, dance, cos- 
tumes and even lighting — are 

concern for historical accura- 
cy as singers and players had 
hitherto devoted solely to the 
musical notation. 

What is most exciting, how- 
ever, is that the result is so 
entertaining and dramatically 
credible. Previous experiences 
of baroque choreography in 
action had sometimes left me 
baffled and somewhat embar- 
rassed; here the shepherds’ 
dances were done with a grace 
and lack of fussiness that was 
irresistible. More arresting 
still were the superbly execut- 
ed group mimes: the poses 
struck by the body-stockinged 
dead souls solemnly ferried 
across the Styx while Qrfco 
delivered “Possrme spirto”, 
for example. One could ques- 
tion only whether toe drama 
was too understated in some 

Even without a conductor 
the rapport between singers 
and the superbly stylish and 
often virtu osic London Ba- 
roque Players was generally 
exemplary. Occasionally toe 
chorus singing lacked incisive- 
ness, but it was refreshing to 
hear the many small solos so 
weir differentiated by per- 
formers who placed greater 
emphasis on tonal beauty and 
crystalline clarity than on 
power. . 

But dominating all, of 
course, was Guy de Mey’s 
Orfeo. Initially unconvinced 
by his non-heroic, rather fine- 
ly-chiselled style in toe pasto- 
ral scenes, 1 was impressed by 
the way his reactions to the 
messenger’s tragic news 
seemed to splinter away into 
nothing - aptly reflecting the 
disintegration of this whole 
Arcadian playground — and 
utterly convinced by his tech- 
nical control and artistry in 
“Possente spirto". The com- 
pleteness of his performance — 
musically and physically - 
epitomized this production s 

Richard Morrison 

OPEN EVBW DAY K3crn-9pm 


rename? wBttpfqjpd 


Howe appeals 
to Europe on 
ANC meeting 

From Jonathan Braude, Brussels 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, ihe 
Foreign Secretary, yesterday 
made an informal appeal to 
European Community na- 
tions to help persuade rcpre-. 
sen ra lives of the African 
National Congress (AND to 
meet him, according to diplo- 
matic sources. 

His request, made during a 
meeting of European Commu- 
nity foreign ministers, follows 
the public refusal of ANC 
leaders to meet him during his 
visit to South Africa next 
week. It was immediately 
picked up by the Portuguese 
Foreign Minister. Senhor Pe- 
dro Pires de Miranda, who 
offered his good offices. 

Mrs Lynda Chalker, the 
Foreign Office minister, said 
later that the opportunities for 
meeting the ANC were “very 
much open”. 

The Portuguese have made 
it clear that they are keen to 
play a mediating role, and a 
senior Portuguese Foreign 
Ministry official spent much 
of last week in Angola and 
Mozambique preparing con- 

tacts with black African 

But Sir Geoffrey was criti- 
cized by a number of ministers 
for what, Mr Peter Bany, the 
Irish Foreign Minister, de- 
scribed as the “unclear 
signals,” given Tty the Govern- 
ment on the issue of sanctions. 1 
Mr Bany said he hoped the 
Foreign Secretary would tell 
President Botha that 
“sanctions 1 ' were very much 
on the table. 

He also wanted that mes- 
sage conveyed to the leaders of 
the frontline states because 
there was a danger that the 
European Community would 
lose credibility in Africa. It 
was up to Sir Geoffrey to 
restore confidence, he said. 

Despite the criticism, min- 
isters confirmed their com- 
mitment to Sir Geoffrey’s 
mission on behalf of the EEC. 

Sir Geoffrey said after the 
meeting that he was leaving 
for South Africa “strength- 
ened and heartened by the 
knowledge that I am acting as 
the representative of the Euro- 
pean Community and not just 
as British Foreign Secretary.” 

Maxwell has £2m bill 
for boycott countries 

Continued from page 1 

Maxwell said that others were 
thinking of doing so. 

“These countries will re- 
ceive a bill of £2 million as a 
cancellation fee. You must hit 
them in the pocket.” he said. 

The account will be divided 
on a pro rata basis and would 
depend on the size of the 

Computers in Edinburgh 
were now calculating the costs. 
He addedL'“I am a little fed up 
at being on the receiving end 
of all this.” 

Mr Maxwell said he had 
spoken to Mr Malcolm 
Rifktnd. the Secretary of State 
for Scotland, about the poten- 
tial damage. 

“I will not hesitate to send a 
bill to HM Government But 
let us not be facetious. These 
Games are not Mrs Thatcher's 
Games, they are Scotland's 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen holds an Investi-. 
ture, Buckingham Palace. ! 1. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Pa- 
tron and Trustee, attends a 
reception for young people who 
have reached the Gold Standard 
in The Duke of Edinburgh's 
Award, St James's Palace, 1 1.30 
and 4; and later presents the 
prizes for the Tesco Charity Pro- 
Am Classic, RAC Golf and 
Country Club, Woodcote Park, 
Epsom. 6 JO. 

The Princess of Wales. Pa- 
tron. The British Deaf Associ- 
ation, attends the premiere of 
the Bolshoi Ballet Company’s 
Ivan The Terrible , Royal Opera 
House. WC2. 7.25. 

Princess Anne lakes the salute 
at a performance of the Royal 

Games and the Common- 
wealth Games.” 

Yesterday the account sug- 
gested that 2.200 competitors 
would be taking part in the 
Games. That would be more 
than Brisbane although fewer 
learns would be takjng pari. 

Mr Maxwell said:** We are 
sorry to have so many absent 
friends but the Games will go 
on. They will not be 

Thousands of Asians living 
in Britain were angry and 
disappointed by India's with- 
drawal from the Common- 
wealth Games in Edinburgh, 
the United Associations For 
Asians said yesterday. 

The association, which met 
in Edinburgh, said the boycott 
took no account of the two 
million or so Asians living in 
this country who had looked 
forward to the participation of 
Indian sportsmen. 

Tournament, EarPs Court. 2,15. 

The Duke of Kent attends a 
performance of the Royal Tour- 
nament, Eaifs Court. 7.15. 

Princess Alexandra visits 
RAF Finningley, South York- 
shire. 1 1.30. 


Piano duet by Derek Foster 
and Anthony Green; British 
Music Information Centre, 10 
Stratford PI. W|. 7.30. 

Proms 86: Concert by the 
BBC Philharmonic Orchestra 
and Edith Peinemann (violin); 
Royal Albert Hall. SW7, 7.30. 

Recital by the Holywell Piano 
Quartet; St Martin-in-the- 
JFields, Trafalgar Sq, 1.05. 

Cello recital by Claire Miles; 
Southwark Cathedral, SEl, 1.10. 

Recital by Catherine Shaiman 
(cello) and Tony Gray (piano); 
Lauderdale House, Wateriow 
Park, N6, 8. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,104 


1 Refuse to recognise one's m 
Irish county (6). 

4 Is a woman to desert a styl- 
ish designer? (8). 

10 Examine outstanding attrac- 
tive dish (7). 

11 Going to London theatre to 

steal the limelight (7). 

12 Old jug obtained from jum- 
ble sale with broken arm 

13 “Drink me” notice offering 
reward, say (4). 

15 Wait about, thank you, for a 
place in Asia (7). 

17 Look after, in addition, the 
bishop’s office (7). 

19 Sharp-poinledi obelisks? (7). 

21 Lower value of French re- 
gion (7). . 

23 Skin fish after initially 
poaching (4). 

24 Food preservative causing 
suspension of activity (4-6). 

27 Saw through odd start to 
bidding and went ahead (7). 

28 Fishy measure leads to an 
award for German artist (7). 

29 Crabby manner of going on 

( 8 ). 

30 Achieve result Tve wanted 
in a fit soldier (6). 

5 Dynasty to retain these 
troops (9). 

6 Pause for silence at the end 
of Hamlet (4). 

7 Playwright follower of Ben, 
getting almost cross (7). 

8 Very much without purpose 

9 Unpopular doctor went 

down bill (4). 

14 Wife to a gambler — it's a 
school term (6,4). 

16 Innocent's date of birth? (9). 

18 There can't possibly be such 
a cross-legged leap (9). 

20 Shone, like Byron's Assyr- 
ian warriors (7). 

22 Change Harry Champion's 
order for salt (7). 

23 Capital judge of beauty con- 
test (5). 

25 Forwards set of cards for 

- hunting association. . . (4). 

26 ... for rising member to 
circulate (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,103 



Frozen up, beaten 
largely destroyed (9). 
Presumably he makes part- 
ing harder to bear (7). 

Shrub which some say has 
nut of medicinal value (5-5). 

Contise crossword 

Prince Edward after playing the prank and Major Ronald Ferguson at the Westminster Abbey rehearsal yesterday. 

Early arrivals taking up places last night outside the Abbey. 

Continued from page 1 

screening tonight has re- 
vealed that its version includes 
a slow-motion sequence of 
Prince Andrew and Miss Fer- 
guson holding hands and smil- 
ing at eachother, overlaid with 
the .sound of Jennifer Rush 
singing her . recent hit single. 
The Power Of Lore. 

. Yesterday die first campers 
took up their -positions on the 
processional route, on the 
pavement opposite the Abbey. 
Mrs Sue Hammond, from 
Stevenage, Hertfordshire, and 
Miss Zoe NichoOs, from 
Wood Green, north London, 
arrived equipped with sleeping 
bags, a camp bed and a fishing 
umbrella, and expressed sur- 
prise that they were the- first 

“We did not get a very good 
spot for the last wedding, so we 
decided Co make sore of one 
now. We are hoping that the 
police will let ns stay here; so 
far they have been very good 
about it” Mrs Hammond 

Mrs Hammond and other 
campers can expect a cold 


Recital by Michael Collins 
(clarinet) and Kathryn Stott 
(piano); Wigmore HaU,7J0. 
Talks, lectures 

Die Briicke: Expressionism in 
Dresden, by James Malpas; Tate 
-Gallery. MiUbank. SW1, 1. . 

Animal camouflage, by Joyce 
Pope; Natural History Museum, 
Cromwell Rd. SW7. 3. 

CP. Cavafy. The Poet of 
Time Regained, by Dr Roderick 
Beaton; The A ns Centre, 98 
High St Croydon, 1. 


Children's mystery tour, start 
from the Rotunda; Tate Gallery, 
MiUbank. SW|. 11.30. 

Summer afternoons for chil- 
dren: Moving toys: talk and 
demonstration; The Bethnal 
Green Museum of Childhood, 
Cambridge Heath Rd. E2 230. 

Harkness awards 

Up to sixteen Harkness 
Fellowships for between 12 and 
21 months' study and travel in 
the continental United States 
are offered this year to can- 
didates from the United King- 

Applications will be accepted 
from men and women aged 
between 2! and 33 on 1st 
September. 1987, in any pro- 
fession or field of study who, at 
the time of application, are 
British citizens, and who have 
completed a minimum of four 
years' secondary schooling as 
well as the major pan of their 
further education (or equivalent 
professional experience in lieu 
of further education) within the 

Further details and applica- 
tion forms from the Harkness 
Fellowships, Harkness House, 
38 Upper Brook St, London, 


Births: Frederick W illiam 
Knife (“Baron Corvo"), writer, 
London, I860; Selman Walts- 
man, biochemist, Nobel laureate 
1952 Priluka, Russia. 1888: 
Stephen Vincent Benet poet, 
and novelist, Bethlehem, Penn- 
sylvania, 1898. 

Deaths; Simon T jingKam 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 
1366-68, Avignon, 1376: Marie- 
Francoise Bichat anatomist, 
Lyons, 1802; Florenz Ziegfekt 
Hollywood, 1 932; W L Macken- 
zie Kins, prime minister of 
Canada 1921-26, 1926-30, 1935- 
48, Kingsmere, Quebec, 1950. 

Road closures 

Severe traffic congestion is 
expected - in central London 
tomorrow on the occasion of the 
wedding of Prince Andrew with 
Sarah Ferguson at Westminster. 
Abbey. A number of roads will 
be closed to traffic and addi- 
tional no parking restrictions 
will apply including the suspen- 
sion of parking meters and 
residents parking places. Motor- 
ists are advised to travel in by 
public transport 
From a 30 am to 1 pm the foltowtag 
roads wdl be dosed to traffic within an 
area bounded by: Northumberland Avo, 
Cockspur SL Pall Mai, St James's ■St, 
PiccadBy. Duke of Woffington Place, 
Grosvenor Rd. Lower Grosvenor Place, 

Lambeth and Westminster bridges. Vic- 
toria Embankment. 

The Mai, between Queen's Gardens 
and Marlborough Rd. Queens Gardens 
and Constitution Hffl. wd remain dosed 

Whist the roads are dosed an inner 
tSwerstonary route win operate around the 
ctosad areas: 

CLOCKWISE: Lambeth Palace Rd, Lam- 
beth Bridge. Horseferry Rd. Greycoat 
Place. Artiery Road. Victoria St Grosve- 
nor Gardens. Grosvenor Place, Hyde Park 
Comer. PIccadiRy- Pxxadiiy Circus. 
Haymaricet Pat Mail East Trafalgar Sq (N 
ana E sides). Northumberland Avo. Vic- 
toria Embankment. Westminster Bridge, 
York Rd. Addington St 

ANTI-CLOCKWISE: Westminster Bridge. 
Victoria Embankment. Northumberland 
Ave. Charmg Cross. Cockspur St Pan 
Mali. St James's SL Piccadrtty. Duke of 
Wellington Place, Grosvsnor Place. 
Brossenden Place, Victoria St VauxhaB 
Bridge Rd. Vauxhel Bridge, Bridgetoot, 
Albert Embankment Lambeth Palace Rd; 

From 2-20 pm until approWmaiaiy 4.30 
pm the taKowtng roads waf be dosed to aff 
traffic: “ 


Gate). Coaches en route to Victoria 
Station wnfl be permiitad to travel north in 
Buckingham Palace Rd. from Ebury 
Bridge to SemieyPtaccL 

Up until 350 pm appro x im a tely, motor- 
ists wBI be ab to cross the dosed roads 
from Lower Grosvenor Place into 
Bressendon Place. Victoria St Into 
GrosvenorGardens. Efidaston bridge into 
Ecdaston SL Bbabetti ST in Bcabetti 
Bridge. Lover Sterne St into Chaises 
Bridge Rd (both (fractions). 

From 3.30 pm 

xn 3.30 pm. for about one hour, the 
bounded by the foUowtag roads w* 

a by the toUowkig reads writ 
be dosed to traffic: SJoana Sq. CHradar 
Place. King's Rd. Hobart Place, Lower 
Grosvenor Place. Bressenrien Place. 
Victoria St between Brossenden Place 
and VauxhaB bodge Rd, VauxhaB Bodge 
rwron Victoria St and Warwick Wg. 

TV top ten 

National top ten television pro gr ammes in 
the week ending July 13 : 


1 EastEnders fThurs/Sun). 1fL95m 

2 EastE riders (T ues/Sun). 1 6.25m 
..3 Cnmewatch UK, 1235m 

4 Dynasty. 9.65m 
-5 'flip ABo. B-50m 

6 Nine O'clock News (Tubs), 9.45m 

7 News and Weather (Sun 20:46), 


6 Dates. 920m • "- • - < 

9 In Sickness and in Health. 9.15m 

10 No Place Lika Home, 8.70m 


f Coronation Street (Mon), 13.60m 

2 Coronation Street (Wed). 1285m 

3 Crossroads (TuesL 1040 

4 The Return of Sherlock Holmes, 

5 All Star Secrets. 10.35m 

6 Crossroads (Wad), 1020m 

7 Emmerdaie Farm frues], 10.1 5m 

8 News at Ten (Wed). 10.05m 

9 Crossroads (Thurs), 9.95m 
10 Bullitt. 930m 


1 The African Queen, 6.60m 

2 The Getting of Wisdom. 4.75m 

3 British Grand Prtx (Sun 13:58), 

4 The Travel Show, 4.10m 

5 steam Days. 335m 

6 MASH, 3.65m 

7' All Together Now. 3.50m 

8 MoonigfHing, 3.50m 

9 Sunday Grandstand, 3.45m 

10 Wild Ufa Showcase. 325m 

Channel 4 

t Brookside (Tues/Sat). 5.35m 1 

2 Brookside (Mon/Sat), 5.05m 

3 tntemationai Athletes (Frl). 4.65m 

4 Cheers, 3.05m 

5 SL Bsewhere. 295m 

6 The Bishops WWe. 290m 

7 The Kit Curran Radio Show, 2.65m 

8 Budgts. 235m 

9 The Westerner. 215m 
10 Wunderman. 1. Km 

Breakfast television: The average 
weekly figures for audiences at. peak 
times, (wkh figures m parenthesis 
showing (tie reach - toe number oi people 
who viewed for at least three minutes}: 
BBC1: Breakfast Time: Mon to Fn 
12m (6.9ml 

TV-arn: Good Morning Britain Mon to Fri 
20m (9.7m) Sat 22m (50m) 

Sun 1.4m 

Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today ai 7am. 2pm and 3pm. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S England, 
East Angfia, E Midlands, Channel 
Islands: Cloudy with outbreaks of 
rain or drfzzia in places at first, 
sunny intervals and also scattered 
showers developing; wind W light or 
moderate; max temp 20C (68F) 

E, central N, NE England, Bor- 
ders, Edinburgh, Dundee: Mainly 
dry, sunny intervals, isolated show- 
ers developing; wind W light or 
moderate; max temp 21 C (70F). 

W Midlands, SW, NW England, 
Wales, Lake District, Isle of Man: 
Sunny intervals, scattered showers 
developing; wind W or NW Ught or 
moderate; max temp 20C (68 F) 

Aberdeen, SW, NE, NW Scot- 
land, Glasgow, Central MgMands, 
Moray Firth, Argyll, Orkney, Shet- 
land, Northern Ireland: Bright or 
sunny intervals and showers, wind 
NW moderate or fresh; max- tamp 
16C (6TF) 

Outlook for tomorrow and Thurs- 
day: AU areas will have- sunny 
intervals' and showers tomorrow. 
Some showers may be heavy and 
thundery. Later in the day cloudy 
weather with outbreaks of rain or 
drizzle wHl get into NW areas and 
spread steadily across all parts 
during Thursday. 

SEA PASSAGES: S North Sam Wind W 
veering NW force 1-3 or force 4; mainly 
fain nturtty moderate or good; sea sSght 
Strait of Dover, EngBsh Channel(E)fwnd 
vanabie becoming NW force 1-3 or fores 
4; occasional light rain or drizzle ; visibfflty 
moderate or good: sea sfigfit St Georgia 
Channel, Irish Sea: Wind NW to N force 1- 
3 or force 4., 
fair; wsdXfty ) 

The pound 

Bar* Bank 

Au*tra6a$ zSH 23? 

Austria Sdl 2345 

Belgium Fr 6950 6S.W 

Canada S 2.135 a 0*5 

MrtmttkKr 1250 1135 

PMandMkk 8,02 752 

France Fr 10.74 10.19 

Germany Dm. 344 216 

Greece Dr 21200 20440 

Hang Kong 3 1200 . 11 SO 

tretaodPt 1.1Z4 1464 

tody Lira 2285JW 2165J» 

Japan Yen- 24750 233JM 

NedintandsGU. 2745 2555 

Norway Kr 11X4 1154 

Portugal Esc 22250 217.50 

SouttwUrica Rd 5.00 4J0 

Spain Pta 211-50 . 20050 

Sweden Kr - ■ 1095 1042 

Switzerland Pr 271 25§ 

USA 5 1565 IASS 

Yugoslavia Dnr 63000 58000 

Rates for wise dapomtastan tank nan 
only to rnppled by Barclays BankPLC. 
Different rates apply up travellers 
cheques and oiher tarrijr currency 

RetaS Price Index: 3828 

London: The FT Max dosed dokm 13.1 

a 127631 

New Yortc The Dow Jcmm Industrial 
average dosed up 1.13 at 1.779.11. 

Rd between 

Warwick Way, Suthertand St Lupus 
Grosvenor Rd between Lupus St and 
Chelsea Bridge Rd. Chelsea Embankment 
between Royal Hospital Rd and Chelsea 
Bridge Rd. Traffic win not be permitted to 
travel south in Grosvenor Place tram Hyde 
Park Comer. 

Roadworks today 

London and South-east A 13; 
Westbound carriageway closed 
in Newham Way, Barking, be- 
tween Masefield Gardens and 
Jenkins Lane. A2<fc Single tine 
traffic on London Rd, Dition, at 
the junction of Station Rd. A3c 
.Temporary lights at Hindhead 
crossroads at the iunciio of A3 
and A287; long delays. 

The Midlands: Ml: Major 
contraflow N and S of junction 
20 (Lutterworth); lane closures 
between junctions 19 and 21. 
MS: Long term contraflow be- 
tween junction 4 (Bromsgrove) 
and S (A38 Droitwich). .A34: 
Temporary lights and single line 
traffic on the High SL Henley in 

Wales am! West M4: Lane 
closures in both directions be- 
tween junctions 1 6 (Swindon) 
and 17 (Chippenham). 

Information supplied by AA 

Parliament today 

.Commons (2.30): Education 
Bill, remaining stages. 

Lords (130): Housing (Scot- 
land) Bill, Commons amend- 
ments. Wages Bill and Agri- 
culture Bill, third readings. 

— — 

How to play - Daffy dmam 
On cacti day your unique &el of eight 
numbers wiir represent commercial 
and industrial shares pubtfsbed in The 
Times Portfolio list which wtu appear 
on the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

In the columns provided next to 
your shares noie Ihe price change i + 
or >n pence, as published in that 
day's Times. 

Afler listing the Price changes of 
your eight shares for Uur day. add up 
all eight share changes to give you 
your overall total plus or minus i+ or - 

Check your over all total against The 
Timm PnrtfnUa dividend published on 
the Slock Exchange Prices page. 

IT your overall total matches The 
Times Portfolio dividend you have 
won outright or a. share, of the total 
prize money stated (or that day and' 
must claim your prize as Instructed 

How to pbv - Weekly Dividend 
Monday Saturday record your dally 
Portfolio total. ' 

Add these together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total, 

Uf your total matches the .published 
.weekly dividend figure you have won 
;oulrighl or a share of the prize money 
ited for that week, and must claim 
iur prize as instructed below. 

Haw to gUa 


No attkns can be acoaptad ootstda ohm 
I BOW*. 

, You must have your card with you 
when you telephone. 

If you .are unable to telephone 
Someone else can claim on your behalf 
-nu l thev must have your card and call 
tThc Times Portfolio Claims line 
.between the stipulated times. 

No responsibility can be accented 
for failure to contact the ctadms office 
for any reason within the stated 

The above instructions are ap- 
plicable to both daily and weekly 
dividend claims. 

Sun rives: Sun vets: 
5 j 09 am 9-04 pm 


K M . Moon sets: Moon r ti e a : 

5.48 am 10.19 pm 
Last quarter July 2fl 

Lighting-up time 

London 9,34 pin to 4.41 am 
Bristol 9.43 pm to 4.51 am 
Edinburgh 10.09 pm to 4.30 am 
Manchester 9.52 pm to 4.40 am 
Penzance 9.49 pm to 5.08 am 

Price of peace m 

extra cask ■ - - ... 

And they , will he able to 
drive home the point thatfor 
the first time in the on-off pay 
dispute stretching back, to 
February last year, both era-: 

, .—.Sam nv rnlllM 

night, with temperatures fall- 
ing to S2F. According to the 
London Weather Centre die 
wedding day itself shonld 
dawn cool and bright, with 
sunshine in the morning, and 
occasional showers holding off 
until the afternoon when 
Prince and Princess Andrew 
drive in procession from the 
Palace to the Royal Hospital,. 

There is a helicopter, 
r umo ured to be flown by one of 
Prince Andrew's shipmates 
from HMS Brazen and 
dressed overall in the para- 
phernalia of a honeymoon 
vehicle. taking them to 
Heathrow airport. 

Then there is a flight to a 
destina tion widely speculated 
upon as Portugal, where the 
Royal Yacht Britannia, ac- 
cording to equally wide specu- 
lation, will be waiting to take 
them to the Azores, before 
playing host to the second part 
of their honeymoon, cruising 
with the Queen in the Western 
Isles of Scotland. 
(Photographs: Bill Warhurst 
and Julian Herbert). . 

be extra £2.5 bn 

By Nicholas Wood, BlllillcalR®P ortH, 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Secret 
tary of Slate for Education, 
win face bis first big polmcal 
test later this week wtoen 
Labour-led local authorities 
unveil details of their radical 
new package covering teach- 
ers’ pay and conditions. 

The price of a lasting pea ix 
in the country’s classrooms is 
likdy to be fer abo ve the £1 .25 
billion spread over four years 
which was promised by: Sir 
Keith Joseph, his predecessor. 

Jn return fra- watertight 
a gre ements covering teachers’ 
working hours; job contracts, 
out-of-hours duties, standing, 
m for absent colleagues and 
appraisal of perfornaance, Mr 
Baker is likely to fece_ .a 
demand fbr some £2.5 billion, 
of extra taxpayers’ money. ■ 

His room fbr manoeuvre is 
likdy to be further limited if, 
as seems likely, the councils, 
anti the two big. unions - the- 
National Union of Teachers 
and the National Association 
of Schoolroasters/Union of. 

Women Teachers - reach 
agreement on the package at a 
two-day conference in Coven-, 
try Starting on Friday. 

They will be able to argue 
with some justification that 
they have fulfilled Sir Keith's 
insistence on an affordable, 
and educationally acceptable 

in- their case to: the 

Government Y 

Mr Baker will find this 
much harder to resist than Sir 
Keith who, in.the lS monms 
of strikes, could point to 
divisions between the unions; 
and differences between, them 
and their employers. ' ' v. 

But if he can wringtheexirtL 
money out of the Treasury.he 
will score a notable potracal 
victory. • i - 

Yesterday the employer? . 
meeting hi London - agreed the • 
terms they will put to. the 
unions on Friday. . . 

Mr John Prarman, their 
leader, said the price tag; was 
“substantially above” the- 
£1-25. billion but refused to: 
confirm or deny repqrts that 
he was ready to offer twice 
thatfigure. ' ’■ T., "... ; 

He described the package, 
which will cover salary levels, 
promotion structure;' con- 
tracts and conditions tif ser- 
vice, job appraisal and futnrd 
negotiating machinery, - as 
“radical and coherenf*-. r : 

£1 00 m cut in bedding 
and furniture b^iefits 

CoDtinfued front page 1- ; ' ' . 1- his, $ocial:.3wbclcear .wliicli. r stacii- 
awed, rrfiigees, battered Wives^ ed - .wth fdor-. singlc^bedSr 
and young penile : leaVuig bedding fof tfae whole family; 
local authority care. - - " "three fires* seven fireguanis 
The minister also attacked and 1 four hot-water bottles, 
many councils and other bod-: Th& claimant then wrote: 
ies, which, knowing a damp- “ “Most of these things I do not 
down was in the offing, have,- need so lam writing to tell you.; 
he said, mounted campaij^s tiieitems I do need. Could you. 
to boost the level of claims, ignore the letter he has sentry 
Labour members shouted: Mr Max Madden, Labour 
“What is wrong with. that?” member .for Bradford West, 

Mr Newton said that one . asked how many Treasury 
local Department of- Health - ministers bad attacked sleazy 
anti Social Security office'; in ' accountants for running senu- ' 
Sheffield serving 21,000. nars advising people how -to. 

save money from tax avoids 
ance claims.' . / . 

But the Minister was backed 
by Conservative MPs whcr- 
said there had been abuse df 
the single payment system and 
it.needed tightening up. - . v: • 

claimants recently received 
4,000 claims fbr beddinsrwiUp 
in ..a few weeks and. -2^00 
claims within (four days. ' 

He also cited a tick fist on 
behalf of a claimant in Stiath- 
clyde filled in and posted by 

forecast ; 

A depression will be slow 
moving to the N of Scot- 
land. A troimh of. low. 
pressure near SE England 
at first will move away 
" SE'. 


At y 


High Tides 

London Brtdg* 205 
Atetdowi - 220 
Amnmoulh 247 

Cmtsn 232 

Dewooport 7M 
Dow .1211 
Fafauouto 7.04 
CBmsow 1.47 
Itawdi . 1255 
Ho^tmd ii3i 

Eftacoraba 727 
Utah .,241 

Uvwpeol 1218 
towwrtofl 10^2 
Margate 1.14 
MttordHmn 742 
NawqoBir 6.32 
Oban- . • 72B 

Penaawr • 231 

b-bliw- sky: bc-blue sRy and Ctoutk c- 
ctoudyr oovercast d^rtzde: h- 

tiall: mtrt-mKit: r-raln: jhAww: Ul- 
tliunderalorm: p-stioweis. - 
Arrows abow wind direction, wtnd 
speed <mph) circled. Temperature 

Portwnouft 1227 

Sborabfem 1213 

'Soutfuinutuu * 
Swanma 749 

Teea 4^9 

Wlton-an-tba 1253 
Tide maawrad in 

HT PM . HT.- 
6J 227 -^6.7' 
4J 3D5 4a-. 

126.9.06 121 

■ 1223- 

11.7 251 

21 754 
6 A 1236 
45 754 

4.7 217 
25 1.19 

7a 8.14 
85 7-49 
.55 451 

24 1247 

25 1157 
45 iai 
65 853 

6.8 853 ~ 72- 
27. 7.41 . 4.1 
55 253. 55 '. 
2.0 954 - 24 

4.6 1.04' 44. 

22 1250- 45,. 
1228 : 45 

'92 8.12 94 

24 550. 24 
42 1.12 .4.0' 
1m=328fiHb . 


120 - 






75: -! 
95 . 




Around Britain 


cloud; f. fax; r, 

Belfast c 
B’lragham c 
Blackpool c 
Bristol C 
Canflff f 
Edinburgh c 
Glasgow e 

at midday yeswday: c, 
ran: s, sun. 

C F -C F 

1457 G u er nse y c 1763 
1966 Inverness c 1559 
1559 Jersey c1864 
2068 London c2l70 
2066 M'nctistar C1S59 
1559 NBweasfla f1763 
1457 (Tiddsway -11661 

. Sun Ratal 
hre in 

ScartxuD . CL6 

Brkttngton 43 

Cromer 25 - 

Lowastott 3.4 . - 

Clacton 35 - 


Folkestone 85 - 

E ast b ou rne 95 

Brighton 26 - 

Worthing 10.0 - 

LKtMmMn 8-7 - 

BognorR 105 

Soulhsas 75 - 

S undo wn 8.0 

Sbankfin 27 ' - 

BoumwnBi 28 

Poole . 35 - 

Stean a ge 7.4 .. 

'Weymoun 5^ 

Exraoiitti -42 ' - 

T a i guwuu ai 7.4 

Torquay 55 - 

FahooifiSj - 45 • - 

Penzance SJJ M 
Jersey 15 

Guarmey - 25 - 

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Newquay 55 .06 

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20 68 

22 72 bright 
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20 66 
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21 70 
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Our address 

Information lor inctoAOd In The 
Tlm« IntormaHon wtv iw AouM oe 
»nt to! The Edllor. TTIS. The Times. 
PO go* 7. l virqtma street Loodoo. 
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Executive Editor 

Kenneth Fleet 


FT 30 SKare 


FtiSElOO : 

US Dotted •--- 
1.5010 (-0.0036) 

W Gevmanmarfc 

3.1821 (tOJ)278) 

73.0 (-0-2)' 

Team quits 


The. entire four-man ream 
of property analysts at the 
stockbroker WI Carr is to 
. leave in a month's time to go 
to other brokers. - 

L Messel has recruited three 
members, Mr Alan Carter, Mr 
Mick Carter and Mr Gareth 
Evans, who were recruited by 
WI Carr en ; bloc - from 
Scrimgeour Vickers. 

:The fourth member of the 
WI Carr property team, Mr 
Alex Moss, is moving to 
Hoare Govett’s property- 
leant.-.. Mr . Colin Mundy, 
HbaxeGovett's.senior proper- 
ty-analyst is moving to corpo- 
rate finance at the firm: . 

L Messel has also recruited 
Mr Keith Waite from Laing & 
Cruickshank for its food and 
big-stores retailing team. 

Asda np 5.2% 

Asda-MJFT, the store group, 
announced - pretax profits in 
the 53 weeks to May 3 of 
£166.4 million, up 5.2 per cent 
after a £3.1 million first-time 
contribution for profit shar- 
ing. The total dividend was 
raised by 14 per cent to 
3.15p. Tempos, page 18 

AC Cars, designer of the 
Cobra, racing car, is rewmg 
ito for the big bang. The . 
company, now controUedby 
Mr WflfiamWest,a part- 
ner in the Australian stqdc- / 
broking firm of Itotte West 
Trumbull, Is taking over the 
small broking firmdf John 1. "..' 
MDoq^undMiBros , 
ina dealirprth £67,701. Jt ... 
will add a private-client list to’ 
its institutional bnshtes^. 

Arlen jumps . 

Arien, the efeciron i agro up, 
increased its profits, : before 
extraordinary charges, from 
£5,500 to £1 51,000 in the year 
to March 31. Trading profits 
rose . by 56 per cent to 
£303,000. Tempos, page 18 

JMB disposal 

Johnson Mattbey Bankers 
has agreed to sell Johnson 
Matthey and Wallace Inc, its 
New York commodity- 
broking arm, to Mocatia Fu- 
tures Corp. The Bank of 
England, which organized the 
rescue of. the Johnson Matthey 
group, did not disclose the 
value of the deal. 

Share Inquiry 

Home Counties News- 
papers' shares are under in ves- 
ligation by the Stock Exchange 
after a 45p jump to 238p, 
compared with 84p earlier this 
year. East Midland Allied 
Press, which owns 20 per cent 
of the shares, is believed to be 
involved in bid talks. 

Ifico purchase 

Ifico, the Industrial Finance 
and investment Corporation, 
is paying £4.25 million for 
FMW Holdings, which owns 
the FARR commercial insur- 
ance brokerage business based 
at Chelmsfora, Essex. 

Tempos 18 Foreign Exch 19 
Cmpny News 18 TwW OjKs 19 
WulSbcet 18 UrntTrusts 20 
Coancnt 19 Ceomodlbes 20 
Stack Market 19 USM Price* 20 
Moa^ Mrkts 19 Shaiv Pres 21 

Retail sales 
soar 3.2% 
to new high 

By David Smith and Derek Harris 

to record 

levels last month, after two 
successive monthly declines. 
Sates volume rose by 3.2 per 
cent, the biggest increase in 
arn^ month rimy January 

The sharp rise is attributed 
to a catching up in purchases 
of summer clothing and foot- 
wear, postponed, from May 
because of the poor weather. 
In addition, many retailers, 
particularly outside London, 
started their summer sales 
earlier than usual. 

The index of sales volume 
last month, 122 (1980 =100) 
was 53 per cent up on a year 
earlier. The previous peak, 
11 9.8, was recorded in March. 
The latest figures support the 
view that the underlying retail 
sales trend has been upwards 
this year. 

Sales in the first quarter 
were 12 per <xnt up on the 
previous quarter; in the sec- 
ond quarter they rose by 1.7 
per cent, to 4.5 per cent above 
their level in the second 
quarter of last year. 

The average weekly value of 
sales last month was £1.74 
billion compared with £ 1.68 
billion in May. The total of 
retail spending in the five- 
week June statistical period 
was £8.69 billion. 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry said that sales 
were strong in all sectors last 

The official series for retail 
sales has been criticized in 
recent months for presenting a 
picture of trading patterns 
markedly different from that 
experienced by many retailers. 
However, officials defended 
the figures as more accurate 
than those produced by rival, 
private surveys. 

Department of Trade and 
Industry statistics are pro- 
duced from a sample of 3.000 
retailers, covering half of all 
retail turnover. 

There was scepticism about 
the June figures from one 
leading retailer, Mr Geoffrey 
Maitland Smith, chairman 
and chief executive of Seats. 
Sears* interests range from 
department stores like 
Selfridges and the provincial 
Lewis's chain to footwear 
outlets, car sales and 

He said: "June sales were 
much better than the month 
before and July is maintaining 
the June levels.' But it is not as 
good as we would like it to be. 
A lot of the increase in June 
came from sales at lower profit 

But car orders for the new 

August prefix are building up. 
strongly and spending on new 
homes is still soaring, he 

The late emergence ofbener 
weather in June was a saviour 
for many retailers who had 
feared the bulk of summer 
stock would have to be cleared 
during the July sales, said the 
Retail Consortium, trade 
body for most retailers. 

Sales of summer clothes and 
footwear leapt as the good 
weather came along "just in 
time," the consortium said. 

Food safes were up, espe- 
cially those of fresh foods 
which carry the better profit 
margins. Wine sales were well 
up and sales of garden-related 
products, from furniture to 
barbecues, rose. 

Other factors in the June 
boom were the first effects of 
the decrease in mortgage inter- 
est rates, the rise in disposable 
income and the growth in 
credit sales, the consortium 

Although some retailers 
started their sales during the 
second half of June, the main 
effect of the sales is expected 
to be felt this month, which 
should keep sales buoyant, the 
consortium said, ft is forecast- 
ing high sales for the rest of the 
year, and says overall sales 
growth could reach 4 per cent 

Shipyard jobs go 
despite big order 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

The state-owned British 
Shipbuilders yesterday reaf- 
firmed its decision to axe 
3,495-jobs within- the- next 
eight, months,' despite ^ winning 
a.-£90ra mittion .order from , 
Dcnmarirfor 24 ferries. 

: Mr’ ’EbOip Hares, the BS 
chairmaiir^saxd' that the re- 
structuring of the lossmaking 
corporation ' would continue. 
While the order would pro- 
vide three years'^ 'worir Tor 
Tyneside "Shipyards it would 
make no difference to the 
redundancy programme. 

The Danish contract has 
boosted the BS order book for 
the first four months of the 
financial year to almost 
89,000 compensated gross 
to tines (cgt). ns best level for 
more than a. year. Orders for 
the whole of the last financial 
year totalled 23.000 cgL 

This will be reflected in the 
1985-86 financial results to be 
announced on Friday, which 

will show a loss of about £100 

-The Danish contract, nego- 
tiated with a number of Co- 
penhagen investors Jed by the 
company V R Shipping, will 
provide work at Austin & 
Pickersgfil and Sunderland 

The . news was leaked last 
week in advance of a visit to 
the. North-east yesterday by 
Lord Young of Graffham, the 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment. and Mr Peter Morrison, 
the Industry Minister 

Mr George Parker, manag- 
ing director of North East 
Shipbuilders, said the 925 jobs 
due to go at the company's 
yards could not be saved, but 
he said that if more orders 
came to Sunderland some of 
the workers could be re-hired. 

The new order brings the BS 
order book half way towards 
achieving its 1986-87 target of 
189,000 cgt of business. 

THF pays 
for hotels 

By Derek Harris 
Indnstrial Editor 
Trusihousc Forte. Britain's 
biggest hotel operator, has 
paid £ 1 90 million for the hotel 
and restaurant business of the 
Imperial Group in its first big 
sale since Imperial was taken 
overby Hanson Trust 
The sale includes 29 Anchor 
Hotels, the Imperial Inns out- 
lets, -the 61 Happy Eater 
roadside reiaurants and five 
Welcome ■ Break motorway 
service areas. Excluded are 
nearly 1,400 managed public 
houses linked with the Cour- 
age brewing subsidiary. 

The deal was in the best 
interests of Imperial and was 
better than "many other 
approaches." said Lord Han- 
son. chairman of Hanson 

The question of a Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Commission 
inquiry arises because THF is 
already the largest operator of 
motorway services. 


i .V v Vy.afr*:: -• <y- * ; t 

. . ... S[SSn.|W ate i, 

James Sherwood: suspicions about pre-saJe position (Photograph: Harry Kerr) 

Sealink will claim £100m 
to pay for Channel losses 

Sealink, the Channel ferry 1 
operator, is to seek compensa- 
tion of np to £100 million from 
the Government to cover re- 
dundancy costs and asset 
write-offs resulting from the 
loss of business to the planned 
Channel tunnel. 

Mr James Sherwood, presi- 
dent of Sea Containers which 
owns Sealink. also claimed 
yesterday he was "sespidons" 
that the Government might 
already have had an agree- 
ment with France over a future 
Channel link when he bought 
Sealink from British Rail for 
£66 million two years ago. 

Mr Sherwood said the ques- 
tion of compensation would be 
raised by the ferry companies 
when they begin giving evi- 
dence today to the Select 
Committee of MPs consider- 
ing the tunnel bill. 

Sealink estimates that the 
redundancy costs of laying off 
up to 4,000 of its 4300 staff 
will be between £30 millra 
and £50 million. A further 
substantial sum - perhaps as 
nmch as £50 million — will 
have to be written off to cover 
the premature retirement of 
port and ferry assets. 

The companies will tell the 
Select Committee that they 

By Teresa Poole 

should be allowed to integrate 
their services in preparation 
for the tunnel link. At the 
moment Office of Fair^ Trading 
restrictions forbitf*Vhem oper- 
ating together. 

Mr Charles Lenox- 
C nn yngham, Sealink chair- 
man and chief executive, said 
the companies would like to 
integrate their fleets as early 
as next year to provide tire 
same frequency of service with 
fewer ships. This would bring 
forward the programme of 
redundancies but would allow 
job losses to take place more 
gradually. In return the com- 
panies would not increase 
lares in real terms before the 
tunnel start-up in 1993. 

The ferries hope to operate 
five Large vessels on the Dover- 
Calais rente on a no-reserva- 
tion basis with departures 
every 30 minutes in peak 

Mr Sherwood said the addi- 
tional income from operating a 
joint service would help the 
companies bear the redundan- 
cy costs. There would be a 
dear link between the lifting of 
the OFT restrictions and the 
compensation which would be . 

On his suspicions over the 

channel link agreement Mr 
Sherwood said.Tf an agree- 
ment had been made with 
France, even in principle, and 
they failed to disclose it to us, 
then Sealink would have a 
case against the British Gov- 
ernment for a reduction in the 
purchase price." In the pro- 
spectus for Sealink there was 
no mention of plans for a fixed 
link but within months of the 
sale the two countries were 
.working on guidelines for po- 
tential projects. 

Sealink has asked the De- 
partment of Transport and 
British Rail for a statement on 
the position at the time of its 
purchase of Sealink. Mr Sher- 
wood suggested that be would 
be willing to sue the Govern- 
ment over die question of 

In a review of the Channel 
tunnel's financial viability 
published yesterday, Sealink 
claims that investment in 
Eurotunnel “could be disas- 
trous for shareholders and 

It also claims that the 
operating costs of Eurotunnel 
will exceed those of the surriv- 
ing short sea feny service 

It forecasts a net toss of 
£357 million in 1993. 

Blackwood calls for £12m 

By Richard Lander 

Blackwood Hodge, the 
earihmoving equipment 
group which unsucccsfully bid 
to save Ben ford Concrete 
from the BM Group last 
month, is raising £ 1 2.8 million 
through a rights issue. 

At the same lime Black- 
wood forecasts a resumption 
of dividends after four years, 
confirming its recovery since 
1983 when the group lost 
£ 20.6 million and came close 
to going out of business. 

About £2.4 million of the 
rights money is being used to 
buy the exclusive Australian 
franchise for the Italian 
Fiatatlis range of earihmoving 
equipment which Blackwood 
already distributes in Canada 
and Africa. The franchise is 
expected to make an operating 
profit of £400,000 a year. 

As a result of the issue. 
Blackwood's gearing ratio 
should now more than halve 
to 62 per cent. 

The company expects to pay 
a 0.5p dividend for the first 

half of 1986 and the same 
again at year end. Interim 
pretax profits are forecast to 
rise from £2.2 million to £2.7 
million on steady turnover of 
£107 million. 

Most .of the two-for-five 
rights issue at 39p is being 
underwritten, although the 
10.9 million share entitlement 
of the Sunley family is being . 
placed at 41. 9p a share. 

Despite the promise of re- 
sumed dividends, Blackwood 
shares fell 4‘Ap to 43 ‘/ 2 p. 

set to 
new chief 

By Alison Eadie 

Lord Keith of Castleacre, 
chairman of Beecham Group 
since Sir Ronald Halstead was 
ousted in a boardroom coup 
last November, expects to 
announce the appointment of 
a new executive chairman and, 
four new non-executive direc- 
tors within the next three 

Lord Keith said at the 
company's annual meeting 
yesterday, that he would then 
resume bis former position of 
non-executive vice chairman 
until his retirement next July. 

A finance director would 
also be appointed to replace 
Mr Ted Bond, who is now in 
charge of cosmetics and home 
improvement products busi- 

Lord Keith spoke of im- 
provements on the trading 
front with the elimination of 
losses in Australia and diffi- 
culties in the toiletries busi- 
ness in Germany. 

An internal review of the 
company's portfolio of poten- 
tial pharmaceutical products 
has given grounds for opti- 
mism. but Lord Keith gave a 
warning that it may be some 
lime before their full commer- 
cial advantage would be real- 
ized. Beecham will be stepping 

TSB, a unique 
bargain offer 

Kenneth Fleet 's column 
is on page 19 

up expenditure on pharma- 
ceutical development to try to 
cut down the delays. 

The company has received a 
large number of inquiries for 
its home improvement prod- 
ucts business, including the 
Unibond and Copydex brand 
names, which were officially 
put up for sale last month. 

Other smaller disposals are 
in hand, in addition to the £12 
million worth announced two 
weeks ago. which should sub- 
stantially reduce the group's 
borrowings and improve the 
debt equity ratio. 

Trading profits in the first 
quarter this year are ahead of 
first quarter last year and 
ahead of internal budgets. 
Lord Keith said. He pointed 
particularly • to prescription 
medicine sales, which are well 
up in Europe and the United 
States, where the antibiotics 
Augmentin and Timentin are 
making good progress. 

The over-the-counter medi- 
cines market is also increasing 
in importance worldwide. 
Norrliff Thayer, the American 
medicines acquisition bought 
in January, will make a posi- 
tive contribution to group 
earnings in the* first half. Lord 
Keith said. 

Monntleigh in 

takeover talks 

Mountleigh, the property 
trading company,- is expected 
to launch a bid worth more 
than £100 million for'United 
Real Property Trust, this week 
if terms can be agreed. 

Talks are going on between 
Mr Tony Gegg, Mountleigh 
chairman, and Mr Maurice 
Wohl, United Real's former 
chairman, who controls 51 per 
cent of the company through 
his Samadar Holdings. 

. United's share {nice rose 
25p to 875p yesterday, valuing 
the company at £105 million 
on hopes of an agreed bid 
from Mountleigh. .. • 

United's net asset value was 
last stated at 744p a share and 
its portfolio, the attraction for 
Mountleigh,- is valued at a 
conservative £893 million- 


‘Too quick expansion 9 
blamed for CASE loss 

By Our City Staff 

CASE Group, supplier of v Over-ambitious expansion 

data communications sys- 
tems, yesterday reported pre- 
tax Josses of £14.7 million for 
the year to March 31, com- 
pared with profits of £10.5 
million the previous year. 

The results, which had been 
wen heralded by the company, 
pushed the shares down 5p to 
64p compared with 332p 18 
months ago when CASE was 
one of the City's favoured 
growth stocks. Turnover was 
unchanged at £95 million and 
there is no final dividend. 

Mr Peter Burton, managing 
director, said: "It is a matter of 
record that we did not do a 
good business management 
job last year. Undoubtedly we 
did, try to do too much too 

in North America led to losses 
of £1 9 million as the expected 
sales growth failed to 

The company is now con- 
sidering the appointment of 
three additional main board 
directors, including a separate 
chief executive to head the 
British operations and an 
executive finance and market- 
ing director. 

Mr Burton added: "We 
would like to bring a little 
more business expertise onto 
the board and are talking to 
one or two people quite well 
known in the industry with a 
view to appointing another 
non-executive director.” 

Tempos, page 18 

Gold to silver 
ratio leaps 
to record 70:1 

The ratio of gold to silver 
prices reached a post-war 
record of more than 70 on the 
bullion markets yesterday as 
gold touched its highest levels 
in Europe for almost six 
months and silver remained 
in the doldrums on Swiss 

Gold traded at around $3S5 
an ounce, retaining most ofj 
the sharp gains recorded in 
New York on Friday, while 
silver slipped about 9 cents to 
S5 an ounce, close to its four- 
year low. 

Dealers say the normal 
historic ratio between gold 
and silver is 30 or 40 to I, but 
it fell to 15 in 1980 

Commodities Review, page 18 


Dow Ians — 1779.11 (+1.13) 
JSSS Dow — 1752222 (-319.09) 

Hong Kong: 


Sydney: AO 
Co mme rz ba nk 
ParfeCAC — 

SKA General: 

1777.73 (+18-30) 
_ 286.4 (-3-1) 
1135.4 (+54 

_ 1774.9 (-254 

■ - • • „ — - n/a 

London closing prices Page ZI 



Bank Base: 10* 

3-month' Interbank ItPwS'fid 1 *, 
3-morth efigfcta 
buying rate 

Prime Rats 8% 

Federal Funds 614% 

3-nwntfi Treasury ^3 5.73^.71 % 
30-year bonds 100 ,s i* a, » 



£ $1.5010 
£ DM3.1 821 
£ FFr10.2894 
& Yen23250 
£ lndfix:73.0 . 

New York: 
St DM2.1225 ; 
$: Index: 1115 

ECU £0.666398 
SDR £0.795123 




Cheshire Wholefds 

Crouch D 1 

Home Counties 

FAtUSs ” -- 
EartyWftney „ 

Lex Service ~ 



Bejam&oup , 

Reed Inter 
Gus 'A' 

Portland — 

17 1®& 

Grants* , 

41 Op. 
_ 4Q2p 
_ 440p 
U 875p 





London Fixing: 

AM 5353.00 
236.25 ) 

New Yoric 

Come* $35460355.10 


Brent (SepO — $1045 bbl ($ 9 - 85 ) 

New White House report 
will predict 3.5% growth 

From Baxley Morris, Washington 

White Hoose officials are 
reacting strongly to sta temen ts 
by private economists that the 
US economy is “stagnant” 
“dead in the wafer”, and 
“going nowhere”. 

One Administration spokes- 
man, attempting to dampes 
fears, of another global reces- 
sion, said yesterday that the 
stagnant US economy will 
rebound in the second half, 
producing stronger growth 
than the IS per cent to 3 per 
cent range predicted by the US 
Federal Reserve Board. 

The Administration’s 
counter-attack came as finan- 
cial markets waited anxiously 

quarter growth n a tion a l prod- 
uct figures which are expected 
to show anaemic growth of 
between 1 and 2 per cent 
In addition, there were new 
reports from Europe of an 
unexpected slowdown dtraag 
the first Ipilf of the year In the 

three largest indnstrial econo- 
mies, the Unfted States, Japan 
and West Germany, which ‘ 
could have a severe impact on 
debtor nations and the devel- 
oping world. 

“IVople are so impatient. ^ 
We are not doing that badly 
but it takes time for lower o3 
prices, the lower dollar, and 
tower interest rates to show 
up,” said a high level official 
involved in the Admin- 
istration's mid-year economic 
review to be releasedT next 

. He conceded that the earlier 
forecast of 4 per cent growth 

would be lowered. But the new 

forecast will be closer to the* 
3.5 per cent range, he said. 

Mr Pul Vofeker, chairman 
of the US Federal Reserve 
Board, is scheduled to address 
Congress tomorrow on the 
Federal Bank's mid-year re- 
port and die prospects for 
jp-owtb in the second hall. 

The Federal Reserve's re- 
port issued last Friday gave 
warning of uncertainties in the 
economy which clouded the 
growth picture. It predicted a 
lower range of growth this year 
of bo more -than 3 per cent, 
down from earlier projections 
just six months ago of up to 3i> 
per cent growth in 1986. 

But overall, the report was 
relatively optimistic, indicat- 
ing a stronger second-half 
p e r form ance and continuing 
low inflation in the 2V4 per cent 
to 2 % per cent range. 

At the same time, the Feder- 
al Reserve -report indica t ed 
that the central bank, which 
has ignored its own money 
supply targets ths year, in- 
tends to stay with an accom- 
modating monetary policy 
designed to avoid a recession. 

The report echoed, however, 
the appeal of high level US 
officials for more growth in 
Japan and West Germany. 


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Small gain for Dow 

New York (Agencies) - 
Well Street shares dosed 
narrowly mixed in cautious 
trading yesterday, ahead of 
the release of key economic 
figures today. 

Investors remained con- 
fused over mixed signals era 
the state, of US business and 
the direction of the market in 
the aftermath of the big July 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average closed op 1-13 points 
at 1,779.11. t j 

Declining issues led gaining 

issues by an eight to seven 
margin, on a volume 01 luo 
million shares traded. 

Analysts noted that the 
Federal Reserve Board's rela- 
tively optimistic second-half 
outlook last Friday calmed 

fears of a recession, 
an earlier bearish n „ 
view from Merrill Lynch. 

The transportation average 
gained 6.87 points to dose at 
72038, while utilities added 
3.13 points to 203J>1 and 
stocks at 68831 pat on 031 

Elsewhere, the Standard 
and Poms 100 index shed 0.63 
poults to dose at 22333 and 
the S and P composite lost 
0.14 points to end the day at 

The Treasury market had a 
featureless, and sparsely trad- 
ed session, little c ha n ged from 
last week's dosing levels. 

Activity stalled as many 
investors had already estab- 
lished positions waiting for 
today’s economic figures. 





Alfiad Signal 

Allied Stra 
Arrant Inc 
Ain'rda Hs 
Am Brands 
Am Can 
Am Express 
Am Home 
Am Motors 
Am Tele ph 
Armco Steel 
Ashland CXI 
Avon Prods 
Bank of NY 

Beth Steel 

Bg Warner 
Brrsi Myers 

Borf'ton Jnd 
Burton nv 
empties Sp 
Can Pacific 



Central SW 


Chase Man 





Clark Equip 

Coca Cola 



Cmb'ln Eng 
Cons Ed is 
Cn Nat Gas 
Cons Power 
Coming 61 
CPC trm 
Cm Zeler 
□art & Kraft 
Delta Air 
Detroit Ed 
Digital Eq 

Dresser Ind 
Duke Power 
Eastern Air 
Estm Kodak 
Eaton Corn 
Emerson El 
Exxon Corp 
Fed Dor Sts 




















11 % 
10 % 
46 M 



22 % 
















22 % 






































11 % 








11 % 











































Fstlnt Bncp 



FT Wadnra 
GAF Corp 
GTE Corp 
Gen Corp 
Gen Dy'mes 
Gen Electric 
Gen hist 
Gen Motors 
Georgia Pac 


Goman Cor 
Heinz HJ. 
IC iritis 
Intend Steel 
Int Paper 
Ini Ta Tel 
Irving Bank 
JhnsnA jnn 
Kaiser Alum 
Kerr McGee 

Kmh'ty CIrit 

K Mart 
L.T.V. Corp 
Lucky Sirs 
Man H’nver 
Marine Mid 
Mrt Marietta 
M 0 HO 1 I 
Morgan J.P. 
NCR Corp 
Nat Med Em 
Norfolk Sth 
Pac Gas El 
Pan Am 
Penney J.C. 

22% 24% 

29% 29% 

61 61% 
7% 7% 

56% 55% 
46% 41% 
32 33% 

55 55% 

67% 67 7. 
72% 73% 

757. 75% 

18% 18% 
82% 82% 
74% 73% 
22 22 % 
3% 3 

30% 30% 

44% ■ 43% 
38% 39 

30% 30V. 

16% 16% 
50% 49% 

23% 24% 
33K 33% 
26% 26% 
65% 65% 
4454 44 

49 49% 

38% 37% 

63% 66% 

22 % 22 % 
51% 51% 
15% 15% 
131% 131% 
11 % 11 % 
65% 65% 
53 53% 

55% 55% 
67% 67% 
15% 15% 
25% 25% 
84% 85% 
51% 51 & 

59 55% 

2 % 2 % 
75% 74% 

48 47% 

28% 26% 
44% 447. 
2 % 2 % 
47% 48 

50% 50 
42% 42% 

29% 48 
70% 71% 
79% 80% 
47% 47% 

101 1DTK 
109% 107 
30% 29% 

66 65% 

86 86 % 
33% 34% 

50% 51% 
15% 15% 
35 35% 

24% 24X 
8% 9% 

82% 63% 

36% 38 
25% 25% 
38% 38% 
427. 43% 

36% 37 
24% 24% 

6 % 6 
73 73% 

52% 52 
30% 30% 





Pfizer 65% 

Phelps Doe 18% 
PtffpMrs 71% 
Philips Pet 9 
Polaroid 60% 
PPG bid 61% 
PrctrGmU 73 
PbSE&G 41% 
Raytheon 61% 
RCA Corp n la 

RynldsMet 41% 
Rockwell Int 43 
Royal Dutch 78% 
Safeways 57% 
Sara Lee 65 

SFESopac 28% 
ScWberger 30% 
Scott Paper 53 
Seagram 56% 
Scare Rbck 42% 
ShaB Trans 47% 

ISnSk 90% 

Sony 18% 

Sth Cal Ed 33% 
Sperry Corp 75% 
Sid Oil Ohio 42% 
Sterling Dig 47% 
Stevens JP 33% 
Sun Comp 48% 
Teledyne 297% 
Termeco 39% 
Texaco 30% 
Texas E Cor 28% 
Texas Inst ■ 1077. 
Texas Utfs 32% 
Textron 5154 
TVavfrsCor 46% 
TRW Me 97% 
UAL Inc 49% 
UnSever NV 202% 
Un Carbide 22% 
Un Pac Cor 55 
Utd Brands 27% 
US Steel n/a 
Utd Techno! 42U 
Unocal 16% 
Jim Walter 45 
WmerLmbt 58% 
Webs Fargo 103 
WatghseB 50% 
Weyerti'sw 32% 

Whmpool 66% 
Woohrorth 43 
Xerox Corp 49 
Ziiffth 22% 









































22 % 













22 % 



AbffibJ n/a 
AIcnAlum n/a 
AlgomaStl n/a 
Car Pacific n/a 
Cominco n/a 
ConBathrst n/a 

Hkr/SidCan n/a 
HdsnBMin n/a 
kmasco n/a 
Imperial Oil n/a 
Infejpe n/a 
Mass-Ferg n/a 
Ryl Trustee n/a 
Seagram n/a 
Steel Co n/a 
ThmsnN'A' n/a 
iMkrHwam n/a 
WCT n/a 

• tici--'»fcw<! eE.iwMJum iiBrt iraumrcikm aNcwoua ysmami n«M y immm 

22 % 
14 K 
12 % 








Spoonfuls of cheer 
for cocoa pact 

Two cheers for the pew 
international, cocoa agree- 
ment To the great surprise of 
commodities commentators 
(This column included) and 
the futures markets, 60 lead- 
ing cocoa producing and con- 
suming countries in the 
International Cocoa. Organi- 
zation hammered out a work- 
able pact with economic 
provisions to take effect from 
October !. 

The agreement in Geneva 
was noteworthy not only for 
the fact that it was reached, 
but in the manner in which it 
was concluded and its novel 
and flexible provisions. The 
Ivoiy Coast, the world’s larg- 
est producer, deserves the first 
and loudest cheer. 

Five months ago its dele- 
gates stormed out of an earlier 
round of negotiations, saying 
they would not be party to a 
pact that encouraged price 

In effect, Abidjan decided it 
would brave the chill winds of 
the free market and told its 
poorer fellow producers they 
would have to do the same. 

Whether the winds blowing 
through the cocoa market 
were more vicious than ex- 
pected or the political pressure 
from other African growers 
was growing unbearable, the 
Ivory Coast was back at the 
conference table when the 
latest talks started two weeks 

Having got there, it decided 
to take thmgs-seriously. Abi- 
djan was undoubtedly instru- 
mental in lowering the 
producers’ proposed interven- 
tion midpoint from i 15 cents 
a lb to 103 cents. The consum- 
ers, who were seeking a 100 
cent midpoint, were able to 
move three cents with mini- 
mal loss of lace. 

This means the buffer stock 
manager can start buying co- 
coa to support the price at 88 
cents a lb, and start selling it at 
1 18 cents. 

What makes the agreed 
price, band more interesting is 
that it is flexible, with various 
adjustment formulas to move 
it .up or down in response to 
events and that it is priced in 
the IMF's Special Drawing 
Right (SDR) equivalent of the 
dollar rates. 

This feature will reduce 
exchange rate volatility for 
consumers and loosen the 
yoke of the “Yankee dollar” 
for the producers. The SDR 
fits nicely philosophically in a 
commodity agreement Like 
the pact itself, it is a concept 
designed to promote world- 
wide economic stability and 
reduce conflict 

The second cheer must be 
for the United Nations Con- 
ference on Trade and Devel- 
opment (Unctad), the 
grandparent of the cocoa pact 
and most other international 
commodity agreements. 

More than a year ago, 
Unctad issued a study on the 
efficacy of commodity agree- 
ments which admitted that’ 
many pacts had had little 
success in stabilizing prices or 
helping developing countries 
to stand on their own two feet.' 

Events since then can only 
serve to have deepened the 
gloom at Unctad on its hopes 
for stabilizing commodity 

Most markets have been 
firmly locked in a bear trend, 
notably the tin market, where 
the international pact col- 
lapsed spectacularly last Octo- 
ber in a mountain of debt, 
which was soon covered in a 
thick layer of law suits. 

For Unctad the cocoa 

agreement must be a shot in 
the arm of immeasurable pro- 

However, like E M Forster 
in his assessment of democra- 
cy, it is not possible to raise 
the third cheer for the success- 
ful cocoa talks. The 
that they have done nothing to 
persuade the United. States, 
the world's biggest cocoa im- 
porter. that there is any point 
in signing the pact 

Although the diplomatic re- 
ports on the agreement are 
stiU being studied in Washing- 
ton, it seems most unlikely 
that they will in anyway'alter 
the Reagan Administration's 
ideological-opposition to com- 
modities pacts. 

This is a great shame. An 
international economic agree- 
ment without the United 
States is aJrin to a cricket 
world cup where the West 
Indies is not playing. Those 
taking part might find the 
excercise useful, but it would 
be be far more meaningful if 
the most powerful team 
turned up. 

In the case of cocoa, there is 
a strong argument for Wash- 
ington attending the party. 
The talks in Geneva displayed 
a tight-blue Reaganite tinge; 
with Third World producers 
swallowing their pride and 
agreeing to a pact that is 
closely in line with free market 
prices, at present about 90 

On the other side, consum- 
ing countries pressed home 
their, advantage without tight- 
ening the screws too.paiufoUy. 
It was a rare display of a 
laudable American ideal — 
enlightened self-interest — 
which deserves the enthusias- 
tic backing of its creator. 

Richard Lander 

Four nations plan joint SE 

Financial experts meet in 
Stockholm in September to 
plan a “Nordic bourse." in 
which the stock exchanges of 
Sweden, Norway, Denmark 
and Finland wilt function as 

Political, economic and cul- 
tural affinities are such that 
there seems no reason the 
region should not develop into 
a single capital • market Capi- 

From Tony Samstag, Oslo 

lal flow would increase to each 
country while international 
competitors would face more 

Similar plans, though less 
advanced, fora common secu- 
rities market in the European 
Community have lent urgency 
to the Nordic scheme. 
Through Danish participation 
-ir the unified stock exchange 
the Nordic.non-EEC countries 

would gain access to the much 
larger supra-national bourse 
in Brussels. 

The Swedes, with their vig- 
orous economy and insatiable 
appetite for venture capital, 
are the most enthusiastic 
about ihe Nordic bourse and 
have most to gain from it 
initially.. But .Oslo. 
Capenhagen and Helsinki are 
also in 1 favour. 





get in 

The manageme nt huy-out is now, more than ever, an increasingly popular 
alternative to corporate employment. The advantages, after all, are clear 
enough. To the seller, a convenient, efficient and cost-effective way of 
shedding an unwanted business. To the buyers, the chance to go it alone with 
every prospect of very real reward. 

There, however, the simplicity rads. And, to potential candidates, a word 
of warning. Expect no favours. 

The present management will be supported by a battery of professional 
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years. If your bid is to be successful, you and your colleagues will need similar 
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For your copy, call either Tony Herron 
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and return the coupon. 


Benefits in store 

Asda-MFI has under- 
performed ihe stores index 
since the merger in April last 
year. Yesterday’s results 
showing taxable profits for 
the year up 52 percent, after 
prom sharing, were in tine 
with expectations but will not 
be enough to galvanize the 
shares into outperformance. 

The company was in a state 
of transition last year, as it 
revamped the Asda stores 
and moved into own-label 
products, moved into lighting 
and household textiles in 
MF1 stores and pursued a 
heavy programme of store 
openings across the group. 

The changes are stfll under- 
way and the benefits are not 
expected to come through 

strongly until next year: 
More than half the 


million non-recurring costs of 
the move to own label were 
absorbed last year and the 
rest will come this year. 

A total of 700 lines have 
been introduced so far and 
Asda expects to have 2^00 
lines on store shelves by 
December next year, or 35 
per cent of grocery items. The 

grass margin benefit can be as 

much as 50 per cent depend- 
ing on the product 

Operating margins suffered 
at Asda, MF1 and Allied 
Carpets, although Asda in 
particular recovered ground 
in the second half. The 
jqmrasing move to fresh 
foods should assist the recov- 

The- store opening, pro- 
gramme will continue strong- 
ly this year with eight. Asda ; 
stores opening against a- net 
three last year, 10 MFI stores 
against a net nine and 13 
Allied stores against a net H 
Allied is also moving to out- 
of-town sites. 

More cash will be con- 
sumed as capital spending 
rises to around £175 million- 
compared with £156 million. 

The capitalization of inter- 
est. however, introduced last .. 
year reduced the potential, 
interest bill by £7.6 million 
before tax relief 
’Pretax profits- this year 
should come out around £184 
million after profit sharing. 
The tax charge should be 
about 33 per cent after an 
exceptionally -Tow 30.9 per 
cent last year. 

The prospective p/e ratio, 
on- the shares down- 4p~at\ 
142p, is a wait-and-see 13. 

The shares have been stuck • 

in a band between ! 30p and 
160p all year and show no 
immediate signs of breaking 
out into higher ground. 


The adage of what goes up 
must come, down could have, 
been penned for the ' former 
stock market high-flyer 

The maker of light fitments 
touched 380p, on .expecta- 
tions of bumper business for 
its revolutionary Pulsestarter 
gadget to power fluorescent 
strip lighting, before plum- 
meting to 30p when sales 
failed to take off. ' 

But now under the prag- 
matic leadership of the chair- 
man. Leslie Hancock, the 
compand appears to have 
turned the comer on the dark 
days of the last two years. 

For the year just ended 
trading profits were up by 56 
■per cent from .£252,7(X) to 
£393,700 leaving profits be- 
fore extraordinary charges at 
£151,000, against £5,500. 
Earnings per share advanced 
to 2.55p, compared with 
0.09p and on a fully-diluted 
basis are 3.72p, against 1 ,46p. 

The dramatic turn round 
has been achieved by ending 
the manufacturer of loss 
making and low-margin lines 
and relaunching the 
Pulsestarter which . now ac- 
counts for about 15 per cent 
of sales. - 

Arlen has bou ght th e ;G> 
iombia Group supplying ser- 
vices for the electronic 
industries. The high - margin 
business is already showiitg a 
sales growth of 40 per cent 
and- the new-Iook group 
should comfortably reach 
profits of about £750,000 in 
the present year with a return 
to the dividend lisL 

The Arlen team is looking 
for more acquisitions and is 
much more confident now 
that it has shrugged off the tag 
of being a -one-projiuc? 
company. ; - 

The shares, now changing 
hands at 88p, are not likely to 
witness the same excitement 
of the Pulsestarter days but 
the ride should be a lot more 
comfortable. * 

CASE Group 

A disaster well-heralded is 
still a disaster. Bui over the 1 
past six -months the .City has _ 
beeh kept'w£U informed by * 
CASE -as crises followed hic- 

coughs. Yesterday the shares 
slipped just 5p to 64p, despite 
the plummet from pretax 
profits of £10-5 mfifion to 
losses of £14.7 milta m-J 
fi nding £2 million of cxcejK 
dona] property profits;-How 
are the mighty Men. After 
soaring to 332p at one stage, 

- the shares are now bade at fefc 
level of three years aga 

The main culprit was ovtt- 
ambitious expansion in the 
United States as the company, 
reared up for anticipated' 
$100 million worth of ship- 
ments; . pushing -group .safes 
and marketing costs up by a 
staggering £13 million to £31 
. mriUoit Sales did not reach, 
even half that level and North 
America tuned-'. in-, a. £19 
million loss compared with 
£3 million profits the preyi- 

• ous year. . . : ' ' 

After increasing its staff by. 

. half, CASE spent ihe Taner 
: part of the year, making an 
equal number of redundaii- 
cies, contributing to " festal 
redundancy costs (above the 
line) of £L million. i- - 

' Overall growth in the mar- 
ket for data commumcatioiw 
in the US was slower than' 
expected. But CASE was also 
caught by its 
parture from commckfity 
products before the build-up 
of .direct . sales of higher 
margin networking' systems. 

The distribution and sup-: 
port network^ is now in; place 
. and. fee company is hoping 
for a 2$ percent increase ia 
sales this year.: However, 

- while the .American opera- 
tk>B^-are : expected to raove 4 

■ into. profit in the second 
the overall loss for the fuH 
ycaric mains uncertain. - 

in Britain, despite a 17 per 
cent sales increase, profits! 
slipped from £7J2 million to. 
£4.4 million but a bounce- 
back- to, say, £6 miDion, 
should be seen this year. Ibe^ 
cost base has been pruned 
and about £15 million could 
: be raised through the sale ant}.- 
teasebadc of British propel: 
ties to. help reduce the £28 
million net year end debt Y~ 

• - Management changes in 

-America and a potential 
beefing up of the main boatd 
should allay City fears that- 
the company has. outgrown 
its original masters. But with 
a capitalization of just £42‘ 
million, shareholders might 
.find Jhejr loyalty severeTy' 
'fested’ by a half-way decent , 
bid. ■ -Li 

Airports to 
spare land 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

The British Airports Author- 
ity (BAA), due to be privatized 
early next year, is drawing up 
an audit of spare land at the 
seven airports under its con- 
trol, including Heathrow and 
Gaiwick, to prepare for a 
widespread drive into proper- 
ty and other developments. 

Sir Norman Payne, BAA 
chairman, said; “The flotation 
of BAA will allow us for the 
first time to look into the 
possibilities for developments 
on peripheral land. There are 
hundreds of acres of such 

There is new pressure to 
assess the prospers of using 
this landbank - because the 
BAA flotation could well be m 
the early spring now that gaps 
have appeared in tne 
Government’s privatization 
schedule after the removal of 
the. ordnance factories and 
water authorities. 

There is likely to be keen 
competition for sites which 
could accommodate 
superstores, low-rise industri- 
al parks and hotels, with 
Heathrow and Gatwick likely 
to attract interest for siting 
conference and exhibition 

The BAA is also believed to 
be looking at the possibility of 
joint ventures in some of the 
developments - because its 
launch into the private sector 
means it could look at eventu- 
al diversifications with a 
strong airport link. 

But the authority’s main 
drive will clearly be in devel- 
oping its core airport business- 
es, especially its profitable 
retailing operations including - 
duty-free ' sales. Nor is its 
landbank expected to play as 
great a* role as similar but 
more extensive assets have for 
AB Ports whose stock valua- 
tion has leaped since privati- 
zation in 1983. 


European Ferries Groupr] 
Mr Geoffrey .Parker has-been 
elected executive chairman. 

Alwen Hough Johnson; Mr 
MH Cade becomes adirector. 

Worcester Controls (UK): 
Mr Peter Talbott has been 
made managing director; 

Perard Torque Tension: Mr 
WL Pavry becomes managing 

Rainers (Jewellers): Mr An- 
thony Edgar becomes execu- 
tive chairman and Mr. John 
Gillvm and Mr Keith Tamlin 
non-executive directors. 

R.H. Morley Group: Mr 
Chris WDdt has been made 
chief executive. 

Simons Design Consul- 
tants: Mr RG David joins the 
board. - 

Jardine Insurance Brokers: 
Mr Ian Taylor has been 
appointed a -director. 

Glanvill Emhoven & Co 
(Nigeria): Mr Tonde Longe 
becomes managing director 

managing director. 

J.M; Jones & Sons (Hokk 
ings): Mr AW- King, -main 
contracts division, Mr CF 
Murphy, general works divi- 
sion, Mr G Roberts, group 
services division and Mr JM 
Smith, development division, 
have been appointed execu- 
tive directors. 

Lloyds Merchant Bank: Mr 
Rex Hawldns has joined as 
director and Mr Hugh Roto as 
senior assistant director, 
swaps unit in capital markets. . 

Charles Barker City: Mr 
Jasper Archer and Mr Peter 
Bostbck have beehmade Vice- 
chairmen and Mr -Mike 
Northey joins as creative 

Unilever: Dr Alfred 
Herrhaasen has been appoint- 
ed an advisory director. 

Brown Shipley Holdings: 
Mr Jean Leon BtondeeL, Mr 
Jean Adant and Mr Robot 
Charles Carefhll join the 
board from August 1. 

Ernst & Whinney: Mr Peter 
Jenkins becomes a partner. 

British Institute of Manage- 
ment (City of London): 
(BIM)dSir Kenneth Cork be- 
comes president. 


income for -the 1 - first- quarter fo 
Marcfc31, ^289,000 (£193,000), 
raainst a loss of .3172,000 last 
time. 'Gross - revenues $231 
million ($ 1.1 million). 

months to March 3l. Pretax 
profit $397,000 (£265,000), 

Inst $226,000- Turnover 
million (nil). Earnings per 
share 8.1 cents (4.7 cents). 
Subject to exchange control 
regulations, the directors of this . 
Luxembourg- based .company 
expect to be able to maintain the 
dividend for the foil year at 7.5 
cents a share. 

his annual statement, Mr Lewis 
Robertson, the chairman, says 
that the current year has started 
quite favourably, although, in 
none of group's markets • is 
demand buoyant. But there will 
be further progress in the cur- 
rent year and in 1987/88 the 
main benefit from new invest- 
ment will come through. . * 

SOMIO The directors are 

and~ Mr Jim Crossen-deputy j- confident -that the underlying- 




Mam S Company. 


. 10 . 00 % 


. 10 . 00 % 

Citibank Savings!. 
Consolidated Crds. 



Continental Tnst 1100% 

Co-operative Bank 1100% 

C. Hofflfl & Co 10.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai— 1100% 

Lloyds Bank ; — 10.00% 

Nat Westminster _J!00% 

Royal Bank of. Scotland — 10.00% 
TSB : iom 

Citibank NA_ 10.00% 

Profit doubles 
at Adidas firm 

Robert H Lowe, manufac- 
turer of sports and 
leisurewear, including Adidas 
brands, and supplier to Marks, 
and Spencer and British 
Home Stores, made . pretax 
profits of £231,000 in the six 
months tO April 30 'a gains t 
£120,000 in the previous six 

Turnover rose to £4,-7 mil- 
lion from £3.9 milliotL- 

An interim dividendof 0.5p 
was proposed against nil and 
Lowe said it anticipates rec- 
ommending a final dividend' 
higher than the interim. 

trends remain good and - that 
progress will be maintained 
during the current year , : Mr R_ 
Blackburn, Ihe chairman^ says 
in his annual statement. - 

-Tun -Ismail bin Mohamed Ali. 
the chairman, says in his annual 
statement that tne results for the 
current year are expected to be 
lower than the year just ended.' 

WHOLEFOODS: The current 
year has starred well and trading 
is . ahead of laiget, Mr lair 
Thomson, the chairman, writes 
in his annual statement Nine 
-new- products -are planned dur- 
ing the year and the directors 
view the future with confidence. 

Year to Dec. 31. 1985 : (13 
months). Theresults include, on. 
a mergtfr-acoounting basis,- At- 
lanta 'Investment 'Trust for 15. 

. months. The comparisons] for 
the 13 months to Dec. 31, 1984^ 
have been restated to include 
the results of Atlanta for the T2 ' 
months to Sept. 30, 1 984. Total ' 
dividend 0.35p (0.55p). Turn- 
over £52.21 raillioir (JE4Z6T 
million). Pretax profit £794,000 ! 
(£1.3 million). Earnings per - 
-share: basic, 0.54p. (J.03p) and- 
.diluted, 0.62p ( 16). • 

END: Jackmore, a subsidiary, 
has been sold to Grampion (a 
former shareholder in Jacksons) * 
and . Metox. Investments, 
shareholder. The indebtedness . 
of Jackmore to Jacksons has; . 
been assigned to the purchasers. 

' The cash considerations' for the * 
shares and indebtedness were£ 2 “ 
and £501,948 respectively. _ V 
. • GO PENG: Half-year to June 
30. Pretax loss M$788,000 
(£1 98/000); against ~ a profit of 
M$5,87^ million. No interim' 

; M$l£5 -milUon^MS fS^sTrnSpT 
lion); The boahi explains that ■■ 
the Joss ;was. mainly because of 
: the low thrprioe- and the. l o w er-: 

: value of tin concentrates in 
sleek at ihe end of the period. ’• 


Interim dividend 35 pesetas 130 - 
pesetas), payable SepL 30. Six 
months ended June 36. Pretax 
income 14,615 million pesetas 
(£70.94 million), against ll,45S ’ 
million pesetas. Earnings' pir '. 
share 109.13 : pesetas (95.23 - 
pesetas). . . 


Hartons Estates’ offer for the * 
preference capital has been ac- 
eerned for TQ6,60CTgfdcE" units" 
(92 per cent). Ifis now uncondH • • 
uonal and remains open until 

TMs advertisement is issued in compliance with the Regulations 
Of the CoundlofThe Stock Exchange. Jtjdoes not constitute or 
contain an offer or invitation to any person to subscribe for or 
purchase any securities. . 


-. (Registered in England No. 805968)- 

Introduction to the Official List : - 

Number On&jpary Shares of 5p each £ 

T9;i00',-000 - Authorised - ' 955,000 

1,350,000 Issued and fully paid 67^500 

Welsh Industrial Investment ; Tnist . pic is an- Jn vestment' 
Company whose .mam activity is to hold both quoted and 
unquoted investments for (bag term capital appreciation. 
Application has been • made to ’the Cbuncfl' -of The' Stwir 
Exchange for all of the Issued Ordinary Shares of 5p each, fuHv 
paid, to be admitted to the Official List,- _ - 

^ lb ? 1 “PPtodon will be granted on 24tb My, 
1986 and feat dealings in thesharis win c omme nce on 25th July; 

Particulars relati® to- fee Company are available in 
Statistical Service of Extol Statistical Serried Limited: CoSes of 
fee Listing Particulars may be obtained during noimaj. bigness- 
hours up to and mcludmg24fe July. .1986, from the Company 
Announcements Office^ The Stock Exchange Throgmorton 
Street, London EC? and up to and including Sfe'Augtist, J986~ 

Wrfsh Industrial 7 Security Exchange Limited 

Investment Trust ffle- . i 24 Anstin Friara - 

24 Austin Friars London EC2N 2 EN 

London EC 2 N 2 EN • 

R. Nirison & Co^ 

25 Austin Friars 
London EC2N 2 JS 

22nd_My.J98S.-~ ■- 

Cbarfes Stanley ACo^, 

18 Finsbury Circus 
' * EC2M 



*'32p at AS 
f ,_e DOW Site 





tf “p? s, °*er th? 
r- C ^ E ^ 
: ^ P ”2" e * 



c ** n * Miera»?l 
year. Ho - 


c 'Psaed io 
: '055 tor 
ns yn 

n - «! ,..., 

•i.C^ftiSi. jnoujj 
inilluji] iq 

^ bounce. 

year. TV 

■» pnioaj 
““ion could 
tbe sale and 
iiish props. 

the £3 
end debt 
: changes in 
’ petnial 

• ic? main boanl 

• <T?J; 'ears da 
'•> -as ouignnn 
^:-siers. But vtiih 
•>:n of just £42 
-yl'-Aaa mtfs 

ha:f--.v3y deem 



JL i. 

a , lu raovs 
e *wndhatf 
* &r the y 


— oli: a 
«i. £5 

**» p 
-a rnilJion 
T’v'jjh r 
C ' Bni 
! o rxs 

- "„■ oar i 


r , 





wipe £4.4bn from shares 

By Michael Clark 



Share pnces took another 
pounding yesterday with deal- 
ers still worried about the 
. recent gloomy economic news 
and ~ihe uncertain political 
outlotifc for the Government 

-Anot her £ 4.4 billion was 
wiped from the value of 
quoted shares as jobbers con- 
tinued to mark prices sharply 
kiwer.' That extends the total 
losses on share values during 
the past two trading sessions 
- to £»3 billion. The FT index 
of 30' shares ended the day 
19.1 points down at 1,276.3, 
while the broader-based FT- 
SE J00 extended its fall to 24.2 
points at 1,560.2. 

Despite the shake-out, turn- 
over was down to a trickle. 

• Sfcaxesof Rnras-Ander- 

ttujiicnj services group, 
c«ithiBed tD lose ground yes- 
terday, easing lp to 68p. 
Kecenr *reakness stems from a 
large seller of about 
500,000 shares last week. 

With pretax profits for die 
year to next September set to 
dhnbfrom £940,000 to 
£15 mOtion, the shares look 

Dealers reported few sellers, 
with -most of the big fund 
managers content to watch 
from the sidelines. 

It looks as though some of 
the' jobbers may have picked 
Up stock at the wrong levels on 
the way down and there are 1 
now fears that a fierce bear 
squeeze may develop soon. 
Thcs could result in the techni- 
■ caL rally that many investors 
have been waiting for. 

; Gilts were also in the dol- 
drums. reflecting the weaker 
pouhdLBui prices closed above 
tbeir worst levels of the day, 
with losses of about £Vi com- 
pared with opening falls reach- 
ing -almost £1. 

Blue chips suffered double- 
. figure losses and there were 
also setbacks for stores and the 
building sectors. 

XCl slipped 2p to 987p 
ahead of its second-quarter 
figures on Thursday. Analysts 
are currently looking for pre- 
tax profits of £270 million, 
thus stretching the total, so far 
this year, to £474 million. This 
compares with £535 million 
for the same, period last year. 

The second quarter is nor- 
mally ICl’s strongest period 
and the oil price fall will have 
resulted in better margins. But 
it looks as though the agro- 
chemical and fertilizer divi- 
sions may have suffered as a 
result of the tough time farm- 
ers have been having. 

But. for the full year,, the 
market is looking for pretax 
profits of £960 million, against 
1985*8 £912 million. 

Home Counties Newspa- 
pers, publisher of weekly 
newspapers, leapt 45p to a 
peak of 238p after the compa- 
ny. announced that it had 
received an approach. The 
board was forced to make the 
announcement after the recent 
flurry of activity in the shares 
, over, the past few days. 

It says the talks with the 
mystery suitor are still at an 
early stage. But marketmen 
are convinced that rival 






Accord Pub (I25p) 
AJumasc (ISOp) 

Angjta Secs (I15p) 

Beaverco (I45p) 

Bipel 37 1-(2p) 

Borland (I25p) 

Bredero (I45p> 

Chelsea Man (I25p) 
Coated Electrodes (84p) 
Evans HaSsfww (I20p) 
Fletcher Dennys (7Qp) 
Quthria Corp ftSOp) 

Hfite Ergonom (S2p) 

. L13 

Three Month Staritag 

Sop 88 

Dec 88 

Mar 87. 


BS= i » 

Previous day's total open *iterost14402 
Uvea Month EmdoAar 

Sep 86 3336 

Dec 86 93.68 

Mar 87 9330 

Jun87_ — 9328 

US Treasury Bond . 

Sep 88 

OecB6— ^ ; 

Mar 87 , . 

89 4-2 
152 -a 

HWi Low Close EMVnl 

90J3 90.06 90.13 2210 

9027 9031 9037 485 

9023 ’ 9027 9033 102 

90.19 90.17 9017 20 

90.07 0 

8937 0 

S 8.S^S^ wt ^S m ^SS gi 

93.87 93S4 93.66 871 

9351 9349 93.50 251 

9320 9325 9326 232 

Previous day*» total open Merest 7769 
100-02 100-08 ■ 99-14 99-18 3788 

N/T 9628 0 

NfT . o; 

EMAP, with a 20 per cent 
stake in the company, is the 

At this level. Home Coun- 
ties is worth nearly £6 million, 
but there was little turnover 
with jobbers only prepared to 
make a market in 250 shares. 
Earlier this year, the price was 
trading at about 1 1 1 p. 

Trusthoose Forte, the hotel 
and leisure group, slipped 4p 
to )5lp, while still awaiting 
confirmation that it was about 
to snap up Anchor Hotels. 
Happy Eater restaurants and 
the Welcome Break motorway 
service station chain from 
Hanson Trust Hanson ac- 
quired the businesses follow- 
ing its bid for Imperial Group. 
THF is expected to pay about 
£200 million for the package. 


(85p) 110-8 

Food (20p) .22'* 

M6 Cash & C (lOOp) B8 

Morgan Granted (500p) 441 -10 

Shield (72p) 145 

SmaWXjna (165p) 170 

Soundtracks (40p) 40 

Stanley Leisure (110p) 124 -1 

Task Force J95p) 114 

Tenipkrton (21 So) 225 

Tenby Inos (112p) 131 

Thames TV (190p) 224 -2 

Tfctwt & Britten /J20p> 123 -7 

Yetverton (3Bp) 3 j +'4 

Unilock (63p) V 68 

Wtedsmoor (106pp 113 

Hanson fell another 3p to 
169p after last week's placing 
of its shares. 

The big four high street 
clearing banks were a dull 
market ahead of the interim 
dividend season which opens 
on Friday with Lloyds Bank. 

The group has already fore- 
cast pretax profits of £333 
million (against £264 million) 
in connection with the bid for 
Standard Chartered. Earnings 
a share are expected to climb 
by nearly 50 per cent to 40p. 
The shares fell J5p to 404jx 

Others to lose ground in- 
cluded Barclays, 1 5p to S04p, 
along with Midland on S44p, 
down by a similar figure. 
National Westminster lost 
13pto 504p. 

Confirmation of the report 


Abaco Inv N/P 
Antofagasta HfP 
Coloroll n/p ' 

Ob La Rue F/P 
Dataserv N/P 
Erskine Hse N/P 
Expamet N/P 
inti Signal N/P 
Leigh interests N/P 
Top Value N/P 
Wight CoMns N/P 
Yorianount N/P 

(issue price in brackets). 

£10' is -'is 

11 +1 




> age 

5-BFLl GROl* 

1 1 *. ; --“su'ri ir.Jiadt® 

;... l* 

7 r-s; :cr 1 ) 

' .. ...:?n:r lS ora fa 

r ■. 

- rcriut 


» v n; Ted 

*»'- ,i.f?pi Tan- 
J.‘ -■.;•■! di'-V 

p-, i'-AU 1 

• izrr--? 5® 
.Sr « taf 

Mar 87, 

• Pteviouartey’s total open War^ 
^UXHZ. IOMS' 109-40 -100-47 189 

• ’ " 



Sap 96 — 
Dec 86 — 

Mar 87 

Jun87 _. — 

Sep 88 

Dec 86 






119-11 1 1B-23 1194)2 __ 

11948 11821- . 118-29 70 

. 11823 . 0 
' 11828 0 

Pravkjm day’s total open intareff 2228 
15950 15750 157>0 796 

16070 0 


July 7 
Jufy 21 
Aug 4 

Last Dealings 

July 1 ® 

Aug 1 
Aug 15 

Oct 9 
Nov 6 

Nw 3 
Nov 17 

Csfl options me taken ont ok 21 
Amstrad. Hiurwr totta. 

Pentland. ABACO, Slone. BT. 

Put AudWronic. TrtcantroL 
Put & CaB: Amstrad 

r New Town, MFCO, Towr K. 

; Leisure. PoBy Peck. York Equity. Parfefale. 



Market rales 


N York 1.4915-IJ030 
Montreal 2.0494-2.0601 
Brussels 6557-66.13 
C'phoen 115056-11.9965 
Dubln 1. 0676-1 JJ749 
Frankfurt 3.1 7864L2038 
Lisbon 21925-22250 
Madnd 202.77-20450. 
Milan 2183^3-2199.68 
Oslo 11.0737-11.1554 
Paris 102626-105512 
SlkWm 10^4653-10.5516 
Tokyo 231.70-233.64 - 
Mama 22.34*2250 
Zurich ; 25644*25902 ' 

July 21 






I. 0724-1573 

II. 1076-11.1225 











35-5dis'‘ . 



1%-iprem - 




159-1-24 pram 




516-3% prem 




1 20-21 Odls 

4-1 3d» 

J2!4-13V4dis- ‘ 






Stertng Indsr c o iapsi eri wftti 1975 vres down M 73.0 (day's isage 72.7-73.1),' 



Argentina austral* _ 

ashram dtear 

Braza cruzado * 

Cyprus pmmd 

FMand inarka — 

Oeece drachma — 
Hong Kong dollar — 

India rupee — 


Kuwait dinar KO 

Malaysia dollar 


— 15506-15631 
_ 2.3411-25454 


, 20.66-20.79 

_. 0.7385-0.7485 
— 75188-75580 
__ 204.46-206.46 

beland — . 
Ma&ysla .. 
Australia — 

. 15965-1.3995 
. 2.18)5-2-1825 
. 0.6404-05411 

Denmark . 





New Zealand defier 2.7096-2.7817 

Saudi Arabia rtyal 55985-5.6385 

Singapore doiar 32777-3 2814 

South Africa rand 3.7656-3.7872 

U AEcBrham SA79855190 

Uoyds Bank 


West Germany 2.1313-2.1323 

Switzerland 1.72381.7240 

Netherlands 24035-2A045 

France 6.877865820 


Hong Kong 
Spain __ 
Austria - 

, 7.812875125 
. 13558136.00 
— 1455*1457 

supplied by Bvctays Bank HOFEX and EztcL 


Series JMy Oct Jan Jdy Oct J m 

ASed Lyons 

[■: mB 


7 10 

22 25 
43 45 

. '--iW i 

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1*277) . 





























Com Union 


















































DtsHtors . 
















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Grand Mat 


















































Land Sec 






















Marts & Span 























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- 300 






















filar Sap 




















































































Blue arete 





















Do Basra 
















































































































Series Sept Dec Mar Sep Dec Mar 

Hanson oont 



































e m 


Thom EMI 



























1 07 















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• 13 















































































































Cadbury Schwpps 

























































































































200 2 
220 1 % 

9 14 30 

4 8 50 

15- 16 
30 32 
50 50 



550 22 

800 7 
650 3 
700 2 

50 68 IB 
28 37 57 

18 23 107 

9 18 157 

30 33 
60 65 

107 108 
157 158 

Vaal Reefs 


45 754 

50 3 

60 « 

8ft 10X 2 

S 6ft 5ft 
2ft 4 15 

4. 6 

8 9 

16 17 

Series Aug Nov Me Aag Nov Mar 

238 10 a - 5 9 — 

240 — — 27 — — 20 

255 3 14 — 17 19 — 

260 — — 16 — — 34 

273 1» 5ft — 38 36 — 



Series Ang Nov Feb Aug Nov 

Tr 11%% 1991 


106 2>» 2% 
108 ft- 1* 

— t sj I'w 
1'» 2*» 
1ft 2ft 3ft 



Tr11ft% 03/07 


114 3ft 4ft 
116 2ft *»* 
118 1»is 
120 "u 2ft 
122 '*■ 37 * 
124 ft 1ft 

— .ft 2 

— lft 2ft 
4 2ft a'w 

3ft 5ft 
2»» 5ft 6ft 

— 7ft 8ft 




Jifiy AM) Sept Oct M Altfl Sept 0« 

IPs 17 35 55 74 ll 30 40 48 

fiS, Jot 7 2 S 42 6 D 40 47 52 60 

H561I 1g 3^5304565657075 
| 9 23 35 92 90 93 97 

1 OT 5 1 6 § S 117 115 118 120 

1700 1 - - - “ •- Z 

1750 i - - - 1B8 - - - 

July 21 1996 

. ToMtco-Mcifi^. Mshfr. ^WBfrtrgmcurihr price. 


Period ntesjaddag direc- 
tion, held effectively at 10 per 
cent. Day-to-day money 
opened on lOlfc to 9% per cent, 
bnt soon eased. With the 
shortage virtually taken out in 
the Bank of England's midday 
operation, rates became even 
easier in the fest half of the 
afternoon, drifting down to 8% 
to 8 per cent 

Bass Rates ft - - 

Clearing Banks 10 

Finance House 10 
Uscomt Market Lora * 

OverTtigfH High: 10 Low 6 
Week fixed; 9ft-ft - 

Treasury SBs (Discount %) 

2mntfi 9ft 
3mnth 9 *'j» 

2 mom 9ft 
3mnth 9 l, » 

Prime Bank Bfito (Discount %> 

1 rmth 9’ 3 w 8>«7 2 mrth 9»»w-9ft 
3mn1h 9 23 ^9 s, m 6 mrth 9 , i»-9 , i« 
Trade BBS (Discount ft) 
ImnthlO'ia 2irrth 10 ,s a* 

3mnth10"«i 6 mrth KPn 

i (ft) 

Ovemgrit open 10 dose 4 
1 wee* 9ft^S4 6 mrth 10'w-9'»i« 

1 mrth 180Hi 9 mrth 10'w-9 ,k i« 

3 mrth 10'i»-9®» 12mth lO'e-O^it 

1 mrth 9ft 3mnth 8»*i» 

6mnth 9 a * - 12 mth Oft 

Local Authority 
1 mmh 10ft-l6ft 
3 mrth IOft-10 
9 moth 101S-10 

6 mrth 1014-10 
12mth 9X-9S 

1 mnttf 189% ' 3 mrth 10-9ft 
6 mmh 189ft I2nah 189ft 

1 mrth t M^45 3 mrth 6586.45 
6 mrth &50-A45 12 imh 6586.45 


7 days 6ft-tPia 
3 mrth 6ft-5ft 

7 days 4"iM»w 
3 mrth 4ft-4ft 
Ranch Rene 
7 days 7ft-7ft 
3tnrth_7ft-7 ft 
Swiss Franc 
7 days Ift-lft 
3 mrth 4ft-4ft 
7 days 

3 mrth 4ft-4ft 

cal 7-6 

1 mrth 6ft-6ft 
8 mrth 
cafi 5-4 

1 mrth 4V4K 
6 mrth 4 ii m-4*h 
cafi 7ft-6ft 

1 nrnth 7K-7X 
Smntft 7ft-7ft 

cafi 2-1 

InsKh 4 ')m/”,i 
6 mrth 4ft4ft 
call 4ft-3ft 

1 firth 4ft-4ft 
6 mrth 4ft-4ft 




Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Schama IV Average reference rate ter 
Interest period June 4, 198B to 
July 1, 1986 inclusive: 9-824 per 

in The Times Iasi week that 
Mr Robert Holmes a Court's 
Bell Group had raised its stake 
in Standard Chartered to 8 per 
cent helped the price with an 
8p rise to 7S2p. 

The merchant banks fared 
little better titan the c/earers. 
Recent newcomer Morgan 
Grenfell was again in retreat, 
losing lip to a new low of 
44pp. That compares with the 
original striking price last 
account of 60p — bad news for 
the big institutions which 
decided to take up the shares 
and had been looking for a 
healthy premium as they must 
now be sitting with some hefty 

°Hrown Shipley fell !0p to 
S03p, English Trnst Group 3p 
to 12 Ip. Hill Samnd 9p to 

• Britofl dipped 3p to 
140p yesterday —just 2p shy 
of the year's low — ahead 
of Friday’s figares. These 
should show net income 
halved at £45 million for the 
six months to Jtme, fHanltu 
to the falling oil price. Ana- 
lysts are casting doubt on 
the group’s ability to main ram 
the interim dividend of 4p. 

354p, Leopold Joseph lOp to 
470p. Klelnwoit Benson 20p 
to 7l0p and Mercnry Interna- 
tional I Op to 663p. 

The big insurance compos- 
ites were also a dull market 
ahead of their interim report- 
ing season which gets under 
way soon. Commercial Union 
eased 4p to 3 1 Op. General 
Accident !2p to 837p, Guard- 
ian Royal Exchange I3p to 
899p. after 894p. Royal Insur- 
ance 8p to &44p. after 837p 
and Sun Alliance I Op to 699p. 

Among the insurance bro- 
kers, Stewart Wrightson con- 
tinued to lose ground, falling 
8p to 439p as hopes of that 
much-heralded bid of 700p 
from Citicorp, the US banking 
and investment group, contin- 
ued to recede. 

Last week, the shares hit a 
new peak of 473p. Marking 
down by the jobbers also 
lopped 8p from CE Heath at 
5l9p. while Hogg Robinson 
dipped 2p to 317p. Minet 
Holdings 6p to 2S2p. PWS 
International J5p to 3l8p. 
Sedgwick Gronp I Op to 333p 
and Willis Faber Sp to 407p. 

In the Unlisted Securities 
Market Hughes Foods shares 
made a confident start in first- 
lime trading. Placed at 20p by 
Jacobson Townsley. the bro- 
ker. they opened at 23p before 
eventually closing at 22.5p— a 
premium of2.5p. 

- Personal Computers also 
took its bow. following a 
placing arranged by Phillips & 
Drew, the broker, at 120p a 
share. The price straggled to 
establish a premium, but fin- 
ished with a 4p discount at 

1 16p. 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

Now what price the 
TSB flotation? 

With the FT-30 share index dropping 
another 19 points, the market is 
plainly in a jittery phase. There is a 
clutch of reasons why this should be 
so — ranging from unease about the 
rising tide of brood money in the 
system, to the buffeting of Mrs 
Thatcher — but they do not yet add up 
to an inesistible argument for taking 
to the lifeboats. The great bull market 
should have at least one last surge of 
life left in it. It is important for the 
British Gas flotation in the late 
autumn that it should. Nor would it 
harm the Trustee Savings Bank issue. 

The TSB is now confidently on 
course for a stock market flotation in 
mid-September, a prospect which 
should gladden the heart of every 
investor in the country. As the legal 
problems recently surmounted by the 
bank graphically demonstrated, the 
TSB is a unique institution and it is 
highly improbable that the City will 
see a flotation like this one again. 

The Law Lords, in their wisdom, 
decided that no one owns the TSB. 
That means, in effect, that no one 
owns the bank’s £800 million reserves 
— which in turns implies that the 
reserves will go to the bank’s future 
owners. The future owners w iU be 
anyone lucky enough to pick up shares 
when the doors open to receive what 
will surely be a deluge of applications 
for a stake in the TSB. 

In effect, they are being given a free 
handout It is hardly surprising that 
everyone from the Government to the 
City spivs expect the issue to go like a 
rocket. At the same time, the TSB is 

an ideal opportunity to promote wider 
share ownership and has the added 
advantage of being a well known 
institution which first-time and un- 
sophisticated investors should feel 
they can understand and trust. 

It provokes a curious problem of 
pricing, however, for the lead mer- 
chant bank, Lazard Brothers. In 
theory Lazands would be justified in 
thinking up any number it wanted. In 
practice there are constraints. One is 
that most bank shares trade at a 
discount to net asset value which 
should help the issuing house to pitch 
the TSB {nice within an appropriate 
range. Other obvious indicators for 
comparison are yields and p/e ratios. 

Lazards will no doubt consider the 
options and then use one or two of the 
comparison methods to find a level 
for the TSB. The problem is to decide 
which banks to compare with the 

The English clearers will no doubt 
be the basic yardstick, but direct 
comparison is impossible if only 
because the TSB has nowhere near the 
same international exposure as they 
do. In the end the Scottish clearers 
may prove a better point of compari- 
son. Beyond that, however. Sir John 
Read, chairman of TSB, insists that 
the pricing will be “competitive” to 
attract maximum numbers of depos- 
itors. It is hard to avoid the im- 
pression that there will be a strong 
element of the arbitrary in the way the 
final price is set which will owe more 
to “market feel” than the science of 

Language for the future 

The London Stock Exchange is gear- 
ing itself up for its autumn big bang 
largely to make the London time zone 
competitive with the Far East and 
New York in a global trading system. 
But as Lord Cockfield noted in a 
speech on the internal EEC market in 
financial services to the Trade Polity 
Research Centre last night* “It is 
remarkable that as yet no real 
European securities market exists.'* 

This is chiefly the fault of other 
European countries that fear their 
bourses could not take competition 
from the revitalized and recapitalized 
market now emerging in London. 
Indeed, the Stock Exchange is enthu- 
siastic about Community initiatives 
for exchange of information under the 
Inteibourse Data Information System 

Even within existing constraints, 
however, few have grasped the 
opportunities for London effectively 
to dominate the trading in inter- 
national European equities in the way 
it has done in the admittedly more 
global Eurobond market Some stock- 
brokers, such as Savory Milln, as well 
as jobbers and investment managers, 
made money out of the boom in 

European bourses, but the language 
barrier ensures that far more attention 
is paid to Australia, Hong Kong or 
Singapore, not to mention American 

The opportuniy is shown in the 
Capital International analysis of 
world stock markets, which finds that 
the top 10 shares (typically the world 
companies) account for about half the 
modest capitalization of most Euro- 
pean exchanges and three quarters in 
Amsterdam. Even after the British 
Telecom flotation, the comparable 
proportion in Britain is a quarter. 

Undoubtedly, the big new trading 
companies set up for the big bang will 
eventually start worrying as much 
about annexing business in the top 
100 continental companies as they are 
now worried about losing business in 
British equities across the Atlantic. 
Most likely, however, such initiatives 
will come from outsiders such as 
Merrill Lynch and Nomura Securities 
or the overseas banks that have 
bought into the London Stock Ex- 
change. Foreign firms bringing an 
international approach to the equity 
market far outnumber the home 
teams with this perspective. 

‘7 don’t much care how you 
got in there. Binder old bean, 
but I do wonder why.” 


We all know that Sir Bernhard Binder was too 
substantial a figure to climb into the bottle. It must have 
been made around him. 

This, as he no doubt explained to RAshton Hamlyn, 
is deeply symbolic of our attitude to accountancy: 

You best get inside your client’s business by 
arriving early and staying put. 

Following in our founder* s footsteps, our East 
Anglian partners have spent some years in plastic bottles. 

We’ve helped the manufacturers grow from 20 
employees to 120; from one factory to two; and add a 
building-products subsidiary. 

During this time, we’ve done their auditing and 
accounting, naturally, and all the other things that 
major Chartered Accountants do. 

But we get a lot more personal than that. 
Because in our Private Company Services, 
corporate and personal matters are inevitably 

We pay particular attention to share 
ownership and the retention of family controL 
We transfer capital into funds for children. 

\ \We help our clients write their wills. All sorts 
of things. 

One Mp had been so busily building 
his b usiness that when we found him at 
forty, with a wife and two kids, he had 
ppjflhpr pension nor life assurance. 

We swiftly fixed him up with both, 
of course. It’s surprising what funds you 
can generate by reducing taxable profits 
and replanning the ownership of company 

Perhaps we can arrange some 
profitable surprises for you. The coupon 
reveals alL 

To:Ste«art Uny, Binder HamHn,8Si Bride Street, 

London, EC4A4DA. Telephone 01-353 3030. | 

I feel jnou’re botiiing up a lot more mfbrnuuioa. . 

Please send it ux I 

Name I 





Londoo/Avr/Bacnp/Baih/Belfasi/Bimitnghain/Bun' Si Edmnnds/Cim-don/Dublin/EnniskillenASlassow/Leeds/Manchesttr/Newcasile 

BSD imemaikmally Binder Dijter Otta&Ca 


I 'h^rierei. ACCouferAfeisJ _r L ** L j 





Bd Oner cnge W) 


M Oflcr Ci>ge VmU 

80. Houmwa Ha Bauneraoufi BH8 9AL 
03U rinn luini - - 

gas Kuo 11**1213# -07 9 JO 

ttgtiheEauty 9401000a -U»* 

Worldwide Bond 1B9* SOU +21477 

American Growth 1406 158 0 -OB 142 

Amji Pacta 456 *90 *43 337 

Assets S Eeros 1004 1078 -1 9 138 

CM Reserve 654 653 -Ol 153 

Comm S Energy 66 6 712 +0*1 If 

European Caprtal BOB 94.4 +ii iS 

Genera 131 8 i*0S# -23 102 

J«an 80.1 8S3 -0 1 

UK Growth he 963 10*.i -1} » 

Do Accum 1385 1492 -24 12 

US Bnerqng CoS 545 586 -02 OK 

Eou*» nogress 1909 W33 -J® |*3 

H miai Acc 62.7 866a - 0.1 z .19 


Anno Dirt* Centre Swndon SN1 
0783 610366 & 0793 2B2S1 

Fiwm Secs 
Go*d 8 Gen 
Prop Snares 
Wire Energy 
worts Tea 
Amer Grown 
inner income 
AW Sma^r Coe 
AuB Grown 
Eixo Smeler 
Fir Eest 
Hang Kong Prf 
kqi Groom 

M*> Pert 

jam aider 

Enmpt Market 

192* 205 2 
185 18.7 
110.1 1174 

45.7 487a 

14 4 i&5a 

170 lai 

698 744 

405 432* 
30 8 425c 
902 962 

57.0 60* 
220 235a 
5B7 62G 
149 189 

47.1 502 
215 25 la 
354 378 
723 771 
169 180 
815 613 

64.7 677 

-40 4.75 
. 1000 
♦06 2 05 
-06 2.17 

♦0.4 300 

-0.1 050 
-02 099 
.. 171 
-02 OBB 
.. 349 
.. 536 
-02 037 
♦03 197 
♦Ol 032 
.. 009 
.. 264 
.. 1-55 
♦Ol .. 

f+te i w w Trust 
Gf 8 feed hf 
Ta Ol to* Trees 
Speed $4* Tn« 
Nn Araer Trust 
Far Eastern Trua 
mfl Grown 


Ad Oder Ctige Yield 

763 802 -13 5.10 

522 55.8a -04 BJ4 
612 651 -09 1-99 

755 805 -15 237 

SO I 820 ♦02 171 

824 877a +09 057 
482 513 -Ol 1.10 

_ Weeldy 

Bid oner c*ge v*# 

Bd Otter Cftge YWd 

Bd OBer Cnge Yield 


B0 Otter Cnge. YiMd 

M QUerCfcge 

Fast Trust 
Grown 8 income 
Capa Trust 
Aeon Tr ust 
American tncorne 
High mcODM Tst 
EfflrtV tnwme 
Mgn Yield 
Gon Secs Trial 
Japan Fund 
Pad!*: Trust 
Amer Sod S4s 
Sacs OfAmer T« 

at 2209 2353 

8 Income 1323 1*15 

rndt - 228 6 243.4 

1 3485 3716a 

bust 5386 5715 

■ tame 323 344c 

one Tsi 2487 2649 

Kome 137.0 «59a 

d 1424 15i 8 

a Trust 29 4 305 

Bill SO 4 856* 

and 1121 1194 

rust 156 9 177.7a 

id Sts 649 69.1 

Amer Ta 2123 226 1 

■ Value 225 1 2397 

wn 37.4 389 

C a* 1183 1260# 

Her CDS 1564 1666 

- Trust 82 6 880 

6 Cmdty 787 81.7 

iamnga 179 1 190.7a 

gy Ta 852 907 

Senmt 1253 1322a 

Secs Ot Amer Ta 
Aid Asset Value 
G* Grown 
Smanor Cos 

did Smaller Co's 
Recovery TruB 
Met Mm 6 Cmdty 
O seas Earwigs 
Tecimolqgv Ta 
inc o me Exeapt 

Exempt SroaMr Co'S 2317 2*7.7 
USA Exsrnpl Trust 3373 3575 

-41 358 
-23 320 
-43 2S9 
-7.1 327 
-105 310 
.. 427 
-41 468 
-19 497 
-18 540 
-04 9*1 
+03 095 
-0.1 002 
+02 101 
-02 1.42 
-05 093 
-35 325 
-02 290 
-0.7 272 
-0 6 241 
-1 4 2.0 
-84 2.42 
-35 HO 
-81 033 
-1.8 6.11 
-08 291 
-05 1 IS 


8-17 PenymouM Rd. Haywsrts Heat 

0444 4881 44 


^George tea Cppgrwon St Coventry CVi 
0303 553331 

UK Grown Accun M3 8 1510 -29 3.57 

Do Income 125* 1329 -26 357 

Mper tne Aram 3415 2569 -42 495 

Eta krone 194.3 2067 -3* *85 

GAs/Rned Acoxn 1006 1036 -02 209 

DsHuna BBO 905 -07 2H 

Nth AW Ta Accun 1334 Mi 9 -09 028 

far East Tst Accum 1487 158.1 -02 064 

Em Ta Aeeum 1437 is 28 -05 123 

Gerara Trust — 2298 2444- -34 299 

-29 357 
-26 357 
-42 495 
-3* 485 
-02 209 
-07 259 
-08 028 
-02 004 
-05 121 
-34 299 

“1 1 1 " ! O . ' . l 

Stator Cos Ace 
Do name 
High income 

Man Portfoko tac 

tarn American 

1339 1332 
233 6 2501 
1498 1608 
MO 709 
75 1 808 
602 647 
1005 1M 1 

-1.7 370 
-24 . 
-15 095 
-1.1 520 
-15 315 
-24 .. 


^iK5S. P0UM » ***■ U3nSon 1 

01-623 4880 

59.B 643# +06 130 
84 8 913 +07 023 

US Sealer Cos 
CeptA Find 
tncorne Rad 
Fa Eastern fano 
-Overseas income 
Read Interest 

Nature! Res Fud 

Erxopcan Income 

. 729 7E0 
1033 1105 
790 045 
761 814 
.67 6 723 
675 61.6 
34.7 372 
71 7 707 

-01 027 
-08 043 
-19 4 j 6* 
-Ol 390 
-02 990 
+04 4.77 
+08 132 


The Stock Exchange London EC2P 2JT 

01-586 2968 

Genera Ine Ul 2105 2212# 

Do Acwm (41 

income Fima (4 103.7 1092 .. 4 43 

Do Aeeum <3) 1820 1915 .. 4.«9 

Mbs ft 1263 132.0 .. 174 

DO Aeeum ta 1671 1745 .. 174 

Soultr Inc (51 £1137 1253# .. 2® 

Do Accum C3) £1211 1252# .. 252 


126. hoi Hofeam. London WCiV OPY 
01-242 1148 

CS Japan Fgrsl 842 806 +12 024 


i aympc way. wranohy. has o mb 

2105 2212# 
3366 3535# 
103.7 1092 
1820 1915 
1263 132.0 
1671 1745 
£1137 1253# 
£1311 1252# 


131. Fishery Pavement London EC2A 1AY 
01-628 9875 01-280 8640/1/213 
Caoeai Grown Ine S98 639 "SiJS 

Do Aeeum 668 714 -04 1fi5 

Eastern A Ml 1385 1*55 +07 081 

Uoff’vwendrew* 73 0 th* +04 o*i 
France & Property 649 684 -02 2.17 

Gtr 6 Fined tncorne *87 512c -03 7.67 

Do Aeeum 815 857e -0*767 

Gouty Income 782 836c -0* **3 

□a Accun 1827 1954c -09 4*3 

Hon YUM tncorne 792 84 7 -02 7.05 

Da Accum 2079 2223 -as 7 0S 

ta inoame 722 772# +07 334 

Do Accun 745 79 1# +06 23* 

Do S*« Mmdrwl 671 7T 7# +0 6 234 
Managed Fund 592 62* +03 

Preference Income 299 31 9# 974 

Do Accun 96.7 1034# -Ol 9.74 

Sma*ft Go's Amuo 1*02 1499 -02 159 

Wong Penny Sharo 99 105a -010.71 

PORtaO T9 UK 77 9 807# -06 158 

Portfolio Ta Japan lOB.i 105 5# +re ooo 
Portfoko Ta US 887 712# +03 109 
PortfdfcO T9 Euopa 1037 1074a +13 000 
Portfoko TUHK 384 395# +04 010 


1 Oienbmac Sr. Edtaugh EH3 8YY 
031-225 2561 (Dsaler**3l-226 6063 
Inn El (22) 429.1 4475# .. 113 

Japan Ex 1*31 4029 4203 .. 022 

UK Ex *311 2336 2603 .. 147 

PsOI Pens tnd 448 0 4716 .. .. 

Psaf Pens UK 199 0 2096 .. ■ 

BG America 16761784c +12 025 

BG Enemy 1342 1*38 +03 1*3 

BG Income Gnnh 1917 208 1# -2.1 521 

BG Japan 200 3 2131 +2 4 0 00 

BG Technology 1465 155.9# +05 066 


25(25 Atenw Sweet London W1X 4AO 

01-491 0295 

Amman * 82 522 *01 078 

AuNraMd 175 188 +03 100 

Japan a Genera) H2i 1199 +03 017 

Hxxi Income *53 405 c -OB 722 

Intnomonal Trust 737 789# 107 

tncorne am th 459 49 0 -1 J 4 n 

G4B & Fated lid 20 2 2l.«# . . 1096 

Oobel Merkem 342 387 -05 204 

Special Sduatmns 393 421 -1.0 155 

Ifnroom House. 252 Romford Rd E7 
01-53* 554* 

Amenea 81* 887 +02 151 

Au9 Accun 1210 128 7# +23 167 

Do income 859 913# +15 167 

Capes’ 683 726c -15 103 

Exempt Trust 4190 4*5.7 -92 4.02 

Extra Income 752 799 -12 531 

Franca* 2285 243.4 -30 317 

500 26*9 201.7 -3 7 306 

Genual 135.1 1*37 -28 323 

OH & Fond ta 5* 4 572 -03 956 

jaoan 6 Gen me 1635 I7*j -05 0.16 

DO Acd 1853 1763 -05 0.16 

Groom Acoxn 1755 1BG.7 -10 258 

2783 296.1# -22 390 

3231 3437# -22 401 

Far Ea9 199 7 2134 +4 7 032 

Norm American 1475 1572 +1.9 058 

ranwmi *7 A 50*c +04 150 

European 49.1 532 +03 1.00 

Jxpsn 57.7 61.4 +21 050 

PO Box 551 Bern Marta London ECS 7 JO 
01-621 0011 

Capital 35*3 3790 -15 1 

Income 2823 3025 -5 1 * 

Norm American 2665 306.9 *30 0 


01-902 8876 

-15 1® 

-51 451 
*30 057 

1 Kmg W*am St EC4N 7AU 
01-623 631* 

G* Trim 1032 1103 -061085 



2 Fore Street London EC2Y 5AO 
01-568 1615 

1m Fund *1335 . . 430 

Fold M 1470 e .. 9.73 

Deposit lOOO .. 080 

2 Fug SneL London EC2Y 5AQ 
01-588 1815 

Income 38089 • .. 453 

ACCum E109441 .. .. 

Dapped 1000 .. 055 

*01 076 

+03 aoo 

+05 017 


Narrow Plain. Bristol BS2 OJH 
0600 373393 - 

Amer Growth 226 2*1 

Eqwtv H49 tncorne 41 f 445 

European Growth 26 0 27.7 

General Entity 373 403 

G4T 6 Fixed M Gil 293 309 

GO 6 Food ta 24.4 257a 

Hen SeCumes 252 256 

Japan Gnowtn 3I.T 335# 

Aust Accun 
Do taome 
Capes 1 
Exempt Trust 
Extra income 

500 26*6 201.7 

Genoa) 135.1 1437 

OH & Faced Ine 54 4 572 

Jaooi & Gen Inc 1635 I7*j 

Do Acd 1653 1765 

Grower Accun 1755 186.7 

Inconie Trust 3224 3423 

UH5UB Trust 70B 646 

Special Sduauta 1392 1*80 

Hectwoy 190 4 2025 

Trustee Fold 104* 111.0 

Um Tea Accum *9S 525 

Do taaae 490 521 

WortdwxJe Trust 1*46 1535 

B T« Mr Fund AOO 3175 3372 

Da Inc 2054 2185 

161. Cheapsxta. London EC2V 6EU 
01-726 1999 

Energy Trtaf 436 *67 

Ex Pa Income 1583 170.0 

Franco! 1855 ITS 3# 

GO Strategy 56 1 578 

Growth investment 2664 2865* 

taome 6 Growth 39.4 413 

Japanese 8 Pacta 1720 1829 
tan Amer Grown 1002 1065 

mo Recovery 107 8 1146# 

smanor Co'S 2115 22*5 

Gnml Inc T* 656 503# 

Special Sin Acc 280.7 2985 

1002 1065 
107 8 1146# 
2115 22*9 
S&6 583# 
280.7 2985 

-0.1 150 
-07 430 
+02 200 
-0.6 270 
-03 330 
-02 950 
-Ol 23C 
.. 09C 

+02 352 
-21 5*4 
-12 15C 
.. 1.73 
-55 273 
-06 4® 
*05 055 
+02 on 

-Ot 1.78 
-19 155 
+03 5 63 
-6.1 158 


^,^ StCIK9WCaaPA 

Balanced G» Inc 4*7 475 . . 150 

DO AOun . 45.4 483 . . 

Income Gth ta 41.1 *37 . . 590 

Do ACOXB 411 455 

Service Co'* ta; 48.7 51 8 .. 1.00 

Do Aeeum 493 524 .. .. 


25ST S fc JWRA TWS toy 
07® 362222 

American 992 1061 +15 052 

Amer Gariy tam 322 3*JC +07 456 
Amor Special Ses 485 Si 9 +03 183 

Far East ta 33 5 357 +1.1357 

On 6 Reed tnt 31 1 324# . . 6 ® 

Growth 5 tame 873 1 (M 1 -06 456 

jaoan Specs! Sts *5.7 485 +15 . . 

Japan Trust 1326 1422# +47 . . 

Managed kn Tst 13S7M44 +15 001 

Max Income Eouty 812 874 +OI 4.74 
ProfesstaUI GA 338 385 -01 236 

Sou*, Easi Asia Tal 276 294 +04 048 

Spec#* Ses 1926 1746 . . 056 

^^%^' J3MOnBaAeM 
AnwdcMi Exana £361.1 3689 .. 164 

Jeoen Exunc* E4066 4196 .. 096 

Am Properly Ta S1O789.0 • ..5.00 

Property Trua £20320 1 .. 550 

2 London WW Bldgs. London waL Loraton 
01-628 5161 

Amer 6 Gen Inc 2310 2*56 +12 053 

Do Accun 2318 2SOB +08 053 

Amer Turramd Me 2068 220 . 0 a +05 1.16 
Do Accum ' 2146 2262a +06 1.16 

CepM T« Inc 2076 221 0 -21 151 

DO Aeeum 2 b 02 286.0 -17 1 81 

Com 6 CM ta 87.8 93 0 # -02 525 
Oo Accum 1162 1 23.6a -06 125 

Ezffa Inc Tst Inc 159 0 169 0 # -211.16 

Oo Aeeum 1724 1832# -23 436 

tncoroa TruxJ 1176 125.0 -16 427 

00 Accum 1236 13> 4 -15 427 

H Grawm Fd ta 1636 1742 -02 .. 

DO Aaum 1820 193 8 -02 .. 

Japan 4 Gen Inc 864 916 +02 058 

DO Accun 872 92 6 +02 008 

Monday taorae Fd 62 □ 872# -12 * 66 , 
Recovery •. 1354.1446# -15 1.76 

Do Accun 1472 1564# +04 1.76 

European ta 568 604 +03 058 

Do Accun 568 604 +03 068 

Puham End. Dodmg. Stxrey 


PO B ox 4 H arecn NRi 3NQ 
0603 622200 

Grt-a Trust £1167 1228 -026 275 

St* 1246 1305 +04 15* 

66. Cannon SMM. Loncon EG4N 6AE 
deatngi 01-236 3685/6/7/S£/0 . . 

h mg'na ta na l Groedti 1356 KM«- *03 1.47 
Incoma 6 Groea 642 67-7 -05 225 

WMdota Rec 835 895# +03 173 

AmeSh Growth 3*0 364 -01 050 

Japan Growm 605 6*5 157 

EOTpeon Grow* 613 645# +05 015 

3T5Smh 5*7 588 -08 on 

Paofc Graven K-i K5 +0.1 050 

w* raj m e 332 356# -02 751 

S SJw mtane 527 58 1 -0* 217 

-913 1015 - .-05 247 


252, tean HoBom. WCIV 7EB 

QrawBiFuM MC 
Do Amxa 
hm Rnd- 
M Eouty Me 
tint That Me 
Do Accun 

866 943 -13 210 

1331 1*1.6 -20 210 

1t9S 127 2 -21 ora 

1259 1339 -1 0 125 

1259 1335. -10 125 

1247 I® 7 - -23 291 
2160 229.8 . -35 2BI 

4& Han SmeL Herkey On Ttsmes 
0491 578888 

M Growth 2 5 8 3 7772 

Income 1881 2014 

Wonttwida Rec 1*16 1522 

Amer Grow*! 675 729 

M Emerg Cos 764 "820 

Fw East Grwin 715 77.1 

European Gtfi 52S 567 


than Income 
Com S G# 
Far Eastern 
North Amoa 
Soeeal Sta 

1105 1185 +12 OSS 

804 85 Ce -12 438 
97 1 10* .1 -OT 581 
1702 1825 +34 048 

128.0 1301 -a* 06* 

667 736a -14 1.73 

1097 1184# -05 OOO 

87. T 334# -14- 457 

NLA Tower. Adascc 
01-688 4395 01-628 
Breati Trim laws 
C ased Trust lines 
□near Trust Urns 
European Trust 
Far East Diat 
Franca! Trial 
G*r Fared bit he 
Oo Grata 
Bgh rm Trust 
Income Tha t 
Japan Tech Tst 
Nauel Rescue** 
Secutfy -mot 
Special Sds 

moe Road. Croydon 

5145 547.8 -135 329 

97.4 103.7a .. 271 

1832 1945 -13 304 

1216 1296a +26 0.77 
11«3 1217a +02 125 
364.0 3873 -19 28b 

29.1 305c .. 953 

432 *5.7 -05 735 

635 676 -13 109 

80 4 816 -16*53 

1173 12*6# +1.1 218 
325 310# 401 037 
288 303 +02 274 

1732 1814 -40 107 

901 959 -13 148 

929 985 -22 247 

+0 2 274 
-40 307 
-13 148 
-22 247 

32 Omen Atom Gats. London SW1H 9Afi 

01-222 1000 

IBJ Bnf £ CTseae 1296 1379 .. 1 70 

99 Inc Plus 658 504 .. B.7G 

IB Cental Grata 556 594 ..200 

In ve s t m ent TM fad 866 - 703 .. 340 


51-80 Mud tML Herd Essex. Cl 2DL 
01-478 3377 

Hdbom Eqoey 
E u itwien 
Hotam Coroms 
HoSxxn Kt*> Inc 
Hotxxn ta 

Hobom Spec Sns ® J 609 
Hofeom UK Growth 79.1 84.1 
Hdborn G# Trust 1864 1955 

3866 4112 -75 3129 

903 96 0# +16 062 
61.6 5*8# -0 7 0 65 

616 89.7# -05 63* 

956 1015# +04 035 
950 1016 +03 005 

7*7 794 ‘-01 040 

1016 +06 005 

794 ' -01 040 

b&O# -13 244 
84.1 -16 227 

310 -13 251 

19. Sr Anoraws So. Eifctax^t 
031 225 2211 - 

-UK Enwty .179.1 191 8 

Aouita ‘ 1*00 1502 

Pacta 1727 1846 

Eutveon - . 2213 2373 



109. vwceot'SL Gtagmr G2 3W* 
0*1-246 6100 

UK Eouty - -4633 4738 . 

SaSad iMO rat 

UK Star Cos Ed ’£■? J22-I 
Eu ropean - 1808 1927 

N American 108.1 «« 

Pacta 1663 1775 

-44 133 
+02 1 ® 
+OI 005 
+27 061 

-4.1 2.64 
-06 850 
-25 202 
+23 129 
+09 159 
+07 049 

FP Eguty Dot 
Do Accun 
fp Fixed im Doe 
Do Accun 

1916 2033 
3193 3389 
1128 1199 
1285 1363 
167.7 178.0 
1731 183.7 


Puhfc Trustee Mogsway WC2 

01-405 4300 

Capital 3518 3624 

Gross ta 1492 1524# 

Hgn YMd 2183 2213 


eth ROOT. 0 DaramlMa So, London 

01-283 2575 Data? 01-626 9*31 
UK Cap Fnd he 6*3 1015c 

PO Box ISO BeCrenhsm. Kent BR3 
01-658 9002 

Austraka 565 804 

EasirxTi 54 7 SOS 

Eaunv tnaxne 56.9 80 1 

Euros# 114.4 1216 

Grata 6 Inc 61* 660 ’ 

Japan SpeoaL . . 102 t 109 1 . 
Japan Sunnse 90 7 975 

firv Europe 1017 '1001 - 

Fast Japan . 866 926 

First N Amer 490' 52*# 

Fast Snwtfta Co* 641 689 

3224 3425# -65 330 
79.B 848 -09 1® 

1397 1*80 -28 227 

190 * 2025 -25 258 

10** 111.0# -25 293 
*95 523# -02 071 
*9 0 521# -02 071 

14*6 1538# +02 1.06 

+1.1 030 
+05 0® 
-07 180 
+27 090 
-1.1 230 
+18 030' 
+03 030 
+10 050 
+03 050 
+09 180 
-05 770 

Crown House. Wotag GU21 1XW 
04662 5033 

H0> income Trust 2385 2506 .. 509 

Growth Trust 2202 2315c . . 356 

American Trust 1245 T335# .. 075 

Ragaa. Surrey RH2 SSL 
07372 *2*2* 

UK ham 406 513 -03 457 

UK Growth Accun 485 513 -05 2*3 

Do DOT 487 513 -05 2*3 

Bxopean Greta 50.1 514 +05 133 

PaoZcGrota 52.1 555 +03 .. 

4. MOWS* Crescent. EtMurt 
031-226 3*92 

American Fund - 715 7B5 +05 272 

,Cao*sl Fund . . 953 1019 -13 137 

UK Cap Fnd 
Do Aeon 
Income Fund 

US & General 
Tech A Growth 
Japan 6 General 
For East A Gen 
Ciftdptai Fund 
Germany Fin) 

849 1015c 
1363 1*49 
78.* 839 
166.1 174.0c 
1635 175.0 
501 627 
639 681 
2*09 2579 
1065 114.1 
2323 2400 
61.1 604 

-21 230 
-35 230 
-1.1 620 
-13 190 
+15 090 
+02 090 
-01 1.10 
+20 020 
+18 0*0 
+51 040 
+15 1.10 

20, Fencmxtfi Sl L 
01323 8000 
Amer Greta he 
Oo Accun 
fano tar Tst he 
Do Accum 

T YMd Me 

hi Recovery he 
Do Aaun 
Japan Greta Inc 
Do Accun 
Smeler Coe he 
Do Accun 
UK EQ Growth he 
Do Accun 
WondMde Tech he 
Do Accun 

31-45 G resnam SL London EC2V 7LH 
01-600 A177 

QusOwn Ganand 434.7 ^5 .. 2® 

OuarXxm income 2*01 35# 522 

Ouatkam mu Fd 3753 391I . -*.* 1.13 

Ckuttoot Recovery 2673 284.4 .. 248 

St Swdhen Lane. London EC*F 4DU 
01-280 5456 

NC Amenea ta 7785 2957# +05-174 

DO Accum . 3024 321.7# +03 1-23 

NC Erwro* Has CP7 1406 -15 277 

NCtaSS 875 935 -1.7 380 

nc Jrawi 1851 200 .t -1 « am 

NC Stata CSS 1395 M54 -13 139 

NCSm»Eurea Cos 1719 «27 +27 035 

NC Exempt Ga £130 n 1350 .. 546 

NC Amer Prop. S«57 1218 

NC Property 1583 1867 

29. C&xncaa Sq. Edntwgh 
031-226 *372 

Pacta 854 868# 

Work) Grata 337 352 

N American 337 316# 

Income Fuid *55 *87 

European 385 *12 

N Amer ta 264 282 

UK Grata 315 337 

Extra he 327 3*5# 


PO Box 902. ntrmtfi EHW5 K3U 

831-655 6000 

Pbq Eq ta 2285 203 

2633 8607 

637 675# 
64 6 665 
195 215 
2*9 28.6 
1247 1323 
2073 2213 

1028 1093 

108.1 115.1 

1029 109.1 
1033 1085 
1E5.7 1765 
21 8 4 2305 

287 304 

47.1 499 
383 *2« 

40.1 427 

-1.1 550 
-13 .. 
+54 136 
+04 .. 
+2.7 046 
+27 .. 
+53 253 
+ 0 * .. 
-0.1 093 
-0.1 .. 
-01 096 
-0.1 .. 

• r. 1 w . v> . : 


33 Kmg Mn Street. London EC4R BAS 

American (4) 3195 2ZL5 .. 1 

Seaxrnes 0 7065 7210 .. 3 

Kofi YeM Bj 1720 1755 . . 8 


2 Sl Mity Axe. London EC3A 88P 

01 -Cl 1212 Otang 01-6235780 DeSMg 01-623 

American (4) 
Seoxtas 0 
Hgh Y*)d»S) 
Meta (3) 
Ffcred Interest 
tt<?t bnres 
Far East (2) 

015 1225# -151246 

30. G4y RcL London ECTY < 
01-638 6011 

Amer Tech A Gen 10*5 

Pacta IB38 

Sac hcome Find 1687 

Specs) Stamens 2037 : 

he Growth 297 

Amencan lUn 70.1 

Srot Co t 384 - 

Japan Ter# A Gen 1060 
taemekuiM Income S6.1 
Exempt 5*53 i 

UK Gw*W 335 

Etxo Growth 305 

Eta Mconae 327 

+1.1 024 
-43 4.15 
-67 149 
-KL4 016 
-0.1 031 
-05 137 
-15 0.00 
-08 OO* 
.. 225 
-13 131 
+05 032 
-06 450 

)" "i".i 





Growth & be Fund 1293 1383 


10 Fa mhu flr Sl London EC3 

tygh Dat-Fu xF . 
biepnoos Hind 

Heaatxces Ftxid 

107 6 1151 
1899 2028# 
163 195 

Manned In* 
European he 
Do Accun 
General he 
Do Aecrxn 
an YMd he 
Do Accum 

hwi ymo me 

Do Accun 
Juan hcome 
Dp Accun 

126 6 134 7 . , ' T9A 

853 . 896# +13 133 
1053 1102# +1 6 133 
1555.165.4# -13 31V 

2124 2255 • -1.7 311 

' 1137 .1165 
1814 187.1 
863 919* 
171.9 1829 
2465 2 595 
2483 2613 

-1.7 311 
-05 942 
-44 842 
-05 550 
-10 560 
+21 036 
+21 088 

5m# Jap Cos Fnd 387 408 
Tokyo Fita 166.8 178.4 c- 

(Exj Amer (2) 1*55 1502 

(Ex) Japan (31 1002 ltl.7 

lEx) Pacta )4»' 2799 288.1 

(Ex) Smaser Jap (4) 2195 2265 

Eurotund 250 26.7# 

+02 272 
-13 157 
-39 *39 
-1.7 S58 
-13 1J1 
*0.1 051 

-21 090 
' 035 

.. aio 

+03 376 

American Thai 883 868# -Ol 000 

Ausratai Trust 174 166 +04 035 

Brash Tst Accun 545 569 -09 278 

Do Dot 475 51 6 -09 226 

CbnxnOfflCy Sham . 50* 539 . . 157 

Euopean Trust 47* 50.7 +06 037 

Extra hcome Turn *&5 493 

Far Easton Treat ' 1260 (369 
fared intoedt Fund 267 zsi# 

an Treat 765 27.7# 

GtoM Fund Accuri 1669 1775 
■ Do DM .199.1 1893 

Gttfd Share Trust. - 107 114 
Hedged American 297 31 3 

Hgh Income Trim ' 1*1 6 151.7 c 
Hong Kong Tnn 26.0 273 

taorae Reid - - 752 806 

-09 276 
-09 226 
.. 157 
+06 037 
-03 538 
-29 0.00 
.. 9.72 
.. 8*7 
♦1.1 071 
+17 071 
+93 254 
.. 010 
-19 598 
+03 102 
-08 371 

Dp Accun 2*03 2613 +21 01 

N American he 467 517# +03 087 

DO Accum 505 80.0 +0* 0S7 

PBOhC Income 130-4 1370 +07 022 

Do Accum 1488 15*1 +0 7 032 

So#r Cos ta 80 3 855 -02 152 

Du Accun 952 1013 -03 152 


Bam. Rood. Chekemam. Glouce s ter 053 7LO 
0242 521311 

UK Bala ncod he 67.1 71.6# -15 245 

Do Accun 682 727# -15 2*2 

UK Grata ftccuai 614 665 -1.7 i5l 

UK Hrjh he he 6*3 601 -09 571 

N American Accun 83.8 673# . . 055 

Far Eastern Accun 839 100.1# -0.1 0.15 
Euapeen Accun 737 78 1C +0 8 096 

UK O# A B he 535 67.1# -04 633 

Do Accum 567 569# -04 607 


■asurance Agenda# E*6.3» 49.89# -021 192 

Jaoan Trust 144.0 15*3# -75 030 

Managed Exempt 269 0 2803 -35 2.73 

oc S Energy Treat 303 330 . . 150 

Special 5*8 Trust 937 998 -02 078 

UK arace Recta 719 761 . -06 144 

WlnMnr HM. 77. Londoa wea. London EC» 

01-568 5620 

hflOota 764 636# .. 134 

American Grata 633 060# +07 056 

Amencan he 865 715 -Ol *96 

Euopean Oota 2023 2163 +3.1 077 

Gold A Mnarals 352 378# +05 225 

Japan Growtfl 1685 1807# -07 . . 

Royal Exchange. EC3P 30N 
01-688 9800 

98 6 faced U 1206 1253 -17 035 

Grata Equry 2023 2153 . . 203 

Guanh# 23*8 2851 -01 280 

134 5 143.1 
2262 2*23 

-12 835 
.. 203 
-01 280 
+14 130 
+05 0.13 

European Treat 

2861 2853# -19 138 
208* 2212 -33 1.77 

2299 2*3.7# +45 1 17 


Courtwood Has. Saw Sl Hm Shatfceid Si 3RD 
07*2 758842 

Capital hcome 757 802# -15 2*7 

DO Accun 102* 1097# -2.1 247 

Commoocy A Oan 1015 1066 +09 376 

Do accun 1*36 1531' +13 375 

Extra Hrtl ta ■ ■ 566 62.5# -Ofi 7 71 

DO Accun 664 729# -0.7-771 

OH & famo ta 94.1-86* -03 9 07 

DO Accun 863 922 -06-907 

HtaYwItf 1531 1633 -23 551 

Do Acoxn 7SQ0 7773 -69 551 

Income. 1687 1794 -6* 372: 

□a Accun 27*0 2927 -64 177 

Japan A Pacta 2783 294.7 -OB 009 

Do Aeeun 283.7 309* -07 0D9 

N Amencan me * 110.7 118O. +04 176 

Oo Accun 1325 1414 +05 178 

Euro Gth Inc 1115 USD +07 1.18 

Do Accun 1349 1*25 . +09 1.18 

Hta v oh 
Do A coxn 

Do Accun 
Japan A Paofc 
Do Accum 
N Amencan . ta 
Oo Accun 
Euo Gdi Inc 
Do Accun 
Smaior Cotta. 
Do Accum 

1161 1205# -12-231 
1207 1287# -13 611 


166 Hope SfnreL GMsgow 02 2UH 
0*1 221 9252 

Antacui 1149 1225 +07 110 

Euopean 2309 2*55 +3.1 1.11 

Sealer Cos 2115 2253 -25 191 



<6 Gracactadi Sl EC3P 3HH 
01-623 *200 Ext 209 

NPI UK 1965 2092 -47 290 

Do Accum 317.6 3379 -74 290 

NPI Oversees 5857 6013 +113 070 

Do Acoxn 6894 7335 +13* 070 

Far East AOC 83* B32c +27 0.10 

Amocsn Acc 573 B1 0# +1.0 130 

European Acc *8.0 527 *07 0*0 

Wonomde Acc *72 503 +02 140 

NSW Hail Place. Liverpool 150 SNS 
051-227 4*22 

Ewey Trust 605 6*3 

M Treat 727 773 

G* Trust 267 Z75# 

US Treat 329 340 

Pacta Basn ta *07 462 

20 canon SL London BC2 
01-920 8311 

Eoutry DSt 1166 1267# 

Du Accun 166* 1773# 

Hon hcome Tins 69.6 93.4# 

Do Accun 1039 1106# 

US Growth S7.1 605 

On Accun 583 621 


1. London Wak Bhgs. London EC 

01-586 354* Ext 357 

Bpecsal 9u (S) 529 56* 

London EC2M 5PT- ■ 

-11 148 
-19 148 
-19 *38 
-27 *35 
+ai 097 
+0.1 097 


6 Gran SL EdobugB Bfi 2XZ 
031 225 2552 

hcome lints 248 264 

Do Aeon Lines 272 297 


*5. Charlotte Sq. 
031-226 3271 
Amencan Fund 
Do Accun 
□0 VWhdrawal 
A B88MH Fuad 
Dd Accum 
Bnta FixW 
+ Do A c c m o 
Europe#) ' FLaxI » - 
- DrFAcnxiF - ■ 
Japan Ftxid 
, Do Acoxn 
Sams PPP' ; ■ 

1342 2369 
2517 2862 
1575 1*75 
. 967 105.1 

100.4 ms 
597:1 6360 
- 88X7 8SB.6 
. 2772 *S3 
291-8 3109 
_ 3245 345.6 
328.1 3*73 
169* 176* 

SUn A fta c ce Hac.Morefem. Steal 
0*03 56293 

£piMy Trust Acc : " 3766 4219 
-N Am- iVtet ACC" 572 60S 
Far East That Acc 009 869 
R Aakt rd U i-B uk r — “483-624 

+05 13* 
+03 134 
♦19 176 
♦1.6 178 
-t17 *39 
-152 438 
+49 0 32 
+5.1 092 
+ 0 * 021 
+05 071 

+13 230 


+0.1 090 
+07 7.13 


v . y* 1 ! ^4 

Las) Thursday ot month. 


*» Yid 
Ch'ge penoa % P/E 





75 4*11.4 
17 2*16* 


160 14 161 





17 18 .. 



2A 6*11* 


60 67137 


17 IS *8.7 

07 6031* 




11 17 161 


4* 3316* 

| 120 



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4* 4.1 123 



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• - 33 22 47.1 



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11 17 117 



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6.1b 13 2X0 


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1.1. 16 16* 


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113 19 165 


■ .. 

113 3*1*9 

1 1*4 



61 23 155 



18 3*144 






3* 1718* 

1 120 

• .. 

IM 665 


67 13 *13 

50b 2* 120 

n 135 



• -3 

• -2 


60 1*20* 



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16 25 183 



21 10 24.7 




3JJ 167 23 

.. .. 108 



73 33 10.7 

. . . . 17 




0 7 24 219 




04 0*260 



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47 15 172 




33 4* 09 


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18 IS 119 

« .- 

80 B3 11T 

3.6 13 167 




98 - 

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47 33 213 

4* 4 1 213 


1-1 0* 17.7 


5* 3.6 121 - 



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232 .. 23 

1 29 

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60 173 13 


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16 24 14* 



73 22 165 


61 53 162 


• e • 

33 $*141 


• .. 

17 22 21.7 


19 0 .4 70* 



67 19 11* 


1* 60 15* 


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16 09 266 


S +9 

43 20 7* 


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18 13 211 


74 18101 





20 1 4 27.4 

122 - 1 

9 ., 

as 3* 151 




21 4*S9 



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78 T 

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15 45 94 


43 3*113 


66 S* 168 


14 185 14 




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0 125 .. 



43 3*17.1 


. ^ 

1.7 23 8 1 



64 26 143 . 



■ . . *2 




4* 13 24.7 


Hgh Low 
3S-. 23 
143 85 

255 168 

79 56 

150 130 
550 206 

52 10 

53 30 

175 1*3 

IS2 60 
148 63 

, 39 23 
| 200 1*1 
27 18 

| 34 W: 
116 34 
73 31 
88 66 
33 25 

176 115 

283 115 . 
345 125 
156 83 

143 125 

S'- 2 
5'. 2 
308 158 
43 16 

48 33 
123 85 
40 14 
105 86 

B6 40 
*2 19 

190 70 

80 S3 
188 1*5 
139 115 
126 73 

48 19 

130 104 

178 138 
112 73 
195 120 
roe 71 
26 7 

350 171 
355 253 
78 66-. 
54 ZV 
220 158 
165 110 
101 SO 
173 126 
220 138 
205 131 
IBS 170 

131 96 

42 35 
162 113 . 
31 12 ! 

104 06 : 

130 90 : 

63 48 ! 
36 20 ! 

99 87 1 

71 65 J 

220 85 I 
70 22 ! 

98 71 1 
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125 110 J 
230 175 ! 
235 150 1 
200 110 1 

134 117 1 

114 <06 1 

128 52 1 

1*5 103 1 
3 63 19* 1 
205 148 1 
188 120 1 
136 70 1 
5*5 360 1 

96 47 1 

146 114 1 
50 33 1 

470 270 1 
90 65 7 

SO 140 ’1 
75 43 l 
5*5 420 (| 

135 '93 U 

9* 85 L 

100 80 V 

IM 78 V 
108 75 V 

19 14 Y 

95 68 * 
98 *3 « 

188 150 * 
10 4 W 

27' 'W * 

115 98 H 

80 48 W 

156 151 M 
220 165 h 
98 76 W 

J 4 X 
156 118 Yi 
S3 32 Vi 
87 30 Y. 

56 G Y 
104 60 

27 16 Zi 

fariduid Gp 
Pta M LM 

Pantry S gfes 
Maps Group 

’ Company Rt 

Owners Abroad 33 

PCT 113 

facer Syirems 205 

Pacta Same 65 

faneraesa isb 

Parirtad Gp 515 

Pau M Las 52 

Parian 34 

Pinny 6 g*es 177 

fape Group 134 

Percom 130 

fartusU) 28 

fans (MKtaaQ 141 

fawogxn 18 

Parity Rata 30 

na far 25 

fanwrex* Dance 66 
Pter Invest 93 

Raamac 32 

Platon IBS 

PtHytxpe 123 

Pdyeacn Mam 125 

fa om mnn 88 

Prontaormt 123 

Property Tst I0p 4 1 

Do Bp 4‘. 

CXeat# 233 

Rndto Ofy 'A' 31 

fata Clyde 45 

Rata* 103 

famco 08 16 

Ramus 90 

fa# Trite Control 43 

Rexam taw 24 

fata BJ4S 173 

Rod# 8 Noian 73 

Rudd# (G) 181 

SAC 115 

Sangan facto 90 

Sarexwe Pet 19 

Savage 125 

Scarro 1*3 

Scanmne 90 

Scot Hemsiee 165 

Seomiard 101 

SetecTV 21 

Shaoon Jones 
Snerafon Sec 

dor YW 

Ch'ge pence % P/E 
11 63 9j6 

-6 4* 4.1 119 

43 66 A* 

53 14 14.4 

-10 43 Q* .. 

+2 .. • .'. 229 


31 13167 

-< 4.7 15 119 

.. 13P 25 61.0 

• 1.7 61 68 

-7 17 18 17* 


19 67 14* 

-1 .. .. 3 A 

1-7 .. 173 

-2 16 39 14* 

.. 1.4 44 *J) 

• 4* 16 112 

24 10 315 

54 43176 

15 30 11* 

• . . 44 14 16* 

-10 01 

• .. 23 

m-a 6* 
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09 B05 


34 *1* 



1.8 59* 





22 533 



11 844 


13 583 



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44 313 

123b 40 395 



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27 511 



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7.9b 5.9 267 



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63b 33 





113b 41 

























47 . 35' 
71 31 

49 21 

IS* 116 
ZZ 13 
2D'. 12' 
156 131 
1*0 90 

2*7 167 
109 GQ 
740 375 
9* 77 
133 75 

900 *M 
218 183 
4*0 320 

■S9 190 

362 26* 
112 76 
27 16 

206 192 

American Express E39\ 
_ 46 

Boiwead 31 

8rrxre« Arrow T3S 

Dta MM E18- 

-P? '* £18 

Baetre 142 

Trust 121 


Exptoranon KJi 

Z5Z" '£ 

GOdde (DIM) 120 

Henderson Attain BED 

ICH 183 

MAI 385 

MIG 255 

MwcanMe Horae 297 

Pacta hr Tst , 107 

_Oo Warrants 2S 

Srah No# Coixt 156 

-2 80 43 163 

•-1 700 1*111 

■-'. 70* 3* 12* 

•-2 99 4132* 

-3 *0 13 1ft* 

-2 6* 2-8 T3.7 

.. 33 13 113 

■ . 93 13 3*4 

64 73 9.1 
- +4 23 21 316 

* - • 179- 11 18* 

-3 1290 7* 73 

-5 229 59 10.1 

-IS 6T 14 310 
_ . . . 189 84 8* 

•-5 03 03... 

•-3 160 64 73 

Smce S3 

SpUsh 65 

Statniess MeW 155 

Stawn 2069 

Swing Pub 96 

Suntan Bed -31 

SuWe n and (ED 85 

Smnoon Pr Hasp 115 

Synaoee Con# <85 

T&sswas 225 

IDS Circuo 165 

TVQAdreit 123 

Task Force 11* 

Txy Hemes 125 

Teen For Bus 1i8 

Teen Como 350 

TdtBwgum 1*0 

T# Sere im 1*0 

Thermax 129 

Them Saensflc 500 

Tfwpec 79 

Tneisy (Steal 48 

Tod (WSJ) 129 

Toregrade sec 39 

Trade Procnoecn 1*5 

Tienchenvcod *60 

Titan 75 

Tyne Tees A 250 

UM Comae 75 

UM Friendly 645 

UM PaAecng 100 

U*»w(l535j 85 

Vtowman 80 

Wayne Kerr 80 

ww* Electro 103 

Wakac 16 

Woe: Yomsiae 90 

Wtdof Leadier 

• .. 40 


• -5 60 

19b 10 21* 
.. .. 64* 

4* 74 20* 
■ ■ -- 393 

2.1 1.1 214 

43 192*1 

23 12 7.1 
1* 3 0 22* 
25 22 168 
68 53 IB* 

77 63 118 

43b 13 473 
21 15 13.4 

29 21*50 

1 4 1.1 

7.1 1.4 22.6 

23 n 17 116 
4.1b 15 7.4 
43 13 297 
16 4 1 303 

53 19 169 
7.4 15 &0 
1.6 21 ICO 

IBB 75 64 

54 7 2126 
3*6 4* 

49 49 50 
6* 73 10.1 
1* 23 10 
21 28 69 
13 33 125 
04 25 117 

ion Mount 
York 3 Eguty 
Do 8*- 


7.9b 65 112 


23 1 

54 10.5 




1* 224 


+ • 





58 161 



13 169 



1 1 

1.7 560 




51 183 




19 203 






• .. 
















G WJaynson and Comport 

SUGAR (From aCzamBrou) 


1322-31 .6 






Aim IfififtASn 




Sept - — 





July - 



B — 




Sept .... 







Juti 1970-GO 









Juw 129JJ-27* 






— 10625-000 




Nov _ 



iT?r rTt3 ?y* t 

cast) 243^0-249 JXJ 

Three Months. 

G& Cattle, 9aB3p per kg tw . 
is: Sheep ITOJKp per kg esttf 


p, par k*g 

•with Open Ctos# 
W'.- Onq- 1015 

Unq.. 1083 
W Unq- 1116 

tov Unq. ' 

an Unq.' . 1025 

«b Urxv- 103.1 

larch Unq. 103.3 

frit Unq. . .1035 

«jr " ^ 1033 

1a» . .Unq.. 1045 




Errand MidWalet: 

Cstlie tks. down 2^ %. ave. 


pnCe, TO.1Sp<+0.ra) 

☆ ☆ SL 





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IH £ St&i, 

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gift 1’S : 


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J^J^ U L ponIidio «"* cfa«ck your 

eight stare- pnce movements. Add them 

f^*^^^J*y ? ve 5 U .i, 0,aL 9«* 

' ?? doily dividend figure 

“S l 3i t Y K‘Ss bl ’ ! 

Full-scale retreat 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on July 14, Dealings end on Friday. §Coniango day next Monday. Settlement day August 4. 

■ § Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 



jB Low Congg 

Pnca Cn pB pupa x P/E 

«b 2S "oraona ui na to •-» 7.1 bb si 

380 260 Royl Bn* Or Sou 326 -4 Uj 4 4 95 

14 4 Sal mon s u>. 192 31 IT-0 

■84 418 sum C*W«1 752 -S SO 05 66 S3 

818 813 unon 688 -5 6741 7.7 883 

/j *3 «w Fargo era . ■*■ - 

320 Z20 Wmutl 296 -6 77 28 144 

^^EM253 I 


^^E 3EJI 


l 1 - 11 

8m (wmM, sis 

BuHnar |H P| 149 

BunotMood firm SSO 

cun pMumwi sio 

Ownyi »J *» 960 

aaouW WMy 184 

&»na Krf*J 210 

Cwnu 303 

Karovs 8 HanKns S14 
HrtUnd Dstf 75 

nmoui M 1SS 

hUhlVslI 2*3 

- kUnsn Dioupsan >07 
Mortmo 247 

S3 Brmuriu 1*8 

Scot 8 *Uw 191 

V8l8> 37S 

vnubread 'A 203 

Do B 273 

twmaatf *w 218 

WUVlTWIpOl 8 0 S41 

long A 275 

13 6 42 14 7 

21 7 29 181 
12 20 (28 
4 6 37 ISA 
200b 39 189 
7.6 S > 152 
ISA 22 15 7 
10.7 2 1 »6 

186 20 278 
7S 43 121 
80 32 11.9 

103 34 113 
2S0 4A113 

29 39 152 
18 U U 
60 IS . . 
3J 30 153 
9.1 37 137 

100 52 114 
164 44 145 

11 1 42 121 

111 41126 

105 4 0 280 

127 23 19A 

104 38 185 


Sharpe A Fisher 

Cambridge- Elec 



Industrials A-D 


Industrials L-R 


AbanMM Conur 242 

Am#e 20 

a irt*n» n 

«mmds 154 

BPB Inouitnas 511 
Bawega Bnek 345 
Barrsn Dm 134 

ea4n(Bm) Consv 24 

Mnr in 

BenfOrfl W W 1 8 87 
BM Bku 64 

BocAUrl 920 

Bw» Curie 601 

B>eeoon60oud Ml 268 
Br Dwog*ig 76 

BuMn 8 Jaesson 24 
Bn»nU8 86 

Bry4« ITS 

BuiMl 6 KMUm 12V 

CWaouaa Rooev 158 
Cuium-Roaosone 111 

•,.. Please be sure to take account 
of any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Pfcase make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 


. 1986 

Mgh LOw SMrii 

SHORTS (Under Five 

96' 94 -Enrii 2‘ 1686 ' 

MB-. 700" Exth 14% 1966 

103 «■ Ewh 1S'.% 1967 

100 93"- Tiaas CHF.% 1967 
W fl2"-E*rii 2" % 1987 

101 97’.Enh 10" % 1967 
96 ■ 93 - Fund 6" % 19BS-B7 
101 OS'- Tran 10% 1967 
97-' SO -'Traai .-3% 7967 

104 '. ST. Tr8» 12% 1967 

fi - S'. THUS 7' % 796548 
Ifc . 96' Ezcn. 10' % 1988 _ 
102' . 94 iTnMKi C9'% 1986 ' 
94 .-66" Tram 3% 197M8- 
MB-- 93’-Tr»«s 9* % 1968 , • ■ 
TOT 93- TrfM II % 1988 . 

106* 95' Tran 10" % 1900 
10* S3" Em*i 10% 1989 

111 94 .E38*'l0".% 1906 ’ 

86 76- Ew» 2 m % 1900 

66' 83-TrtM 3% 1991 

107 94 Even 11% 1989 

83 84" Trau 5% 19B6-09 

106 94',Exril. 11% 1990 ' 
103 92 - Trees C9-% 1989 

9? S'. Trans 3% ® 

114 M3'.Tr«w • 13% 19* 

113 100 Excn 12' % 1990 
89 »-7 «»*» 3% «» 

100 W. Tram 8".% 1967-90 
106 tC'. Trees 10% 1 990 

Int (>0M 
only Had. 
Chon r<r. vkrw 


86 <- . 

» • 

101 . 

99 » -V 
93". • 



B3-. ' - 1 - 



104 ».>, 

99 % -'j 



100 ' 


101 ■- 

Candor Cm 100 

COMSzi 936 

COun-ryw* 4£6 

Craorii (Oerakl 178 
Dm iGeoroe] 96 
□ojsh (HM) 132 
Emu 102 

Fto 88 

DO 'A 68 

FMBl Gd 60 

CjWoa 07 

GObs 6 Dandy Old 130 
GMeson P4J) 380 

Htat Bar 238 

I W n den-Swi 68 
Haywood IMm 236 
Hqgs & Hd 595 

tssrxk Jafimen w 
Jln»U) A Sons 430 
UMflUl 466 

DO 'A 463 

Lawrane* (Wiban 115 
UMy (FJCJ 74 

UMl 1YJ( 421 

Uaonm A South 178 
MandBI* 278 

Martov M7 

inrsnab (HaUat, in 
May A Haase* MB 
McAIpna (Albad) 438 
Mayar Int 258 

M8er Sunuy, 31 
Monk (A1 124 

MoMem Uohn) 386 
NewanM 860 

NMPgaiR Snsft >93 

Ruberori 296 

Rugby Camara 160 

A Fohrn 130 

Taylor Woodrow 320 
TOuy Gn»y» • . 176 

Trm A, Arnold '425 
Tm .... 77 

Tufrfl ' . '176 

ViSMspi** . ' 313 

Ward 2*0 

Wamnaen fTj 7C 
vtm&ekm -174 
1NWMR1 Bros ' BO 

SS^lComo^ So 

VTvnpay (Garaga) 203 

*0 36 .. 
25 25 MS 
243D 45 93 
85 19122* 
85 AA 129 
68 80 135 

356 1.9 234 
*7 4 6 194 

25 28 120 

25 37 93 
54 90234 
BJ 72 14 1 

26 20 360 

7.0 ei 13.1 

54 56 68 

.. ..862 
24 35 120 

98 4 1 155 

16 4 U 163 

7.1 42 12 8 
25 0a 58 148 
100 2.1 111 

100 22130 

52 45 92 

55 74 96 

102 24 1*9 

7.4 42 198 

118 42 168 
54 4 5 225 
75b 4.1 IS.1 
54a SJ 
17* 4.1141 
62 12 136 
14 45 ■ 

93 75 167 
229 59 116 
117 18172 
9J 48 M4 
75 14 124 
43 49 13 

164 SO B2 

20.0 30 14.6 

165 16 135 
123 42 105 

91 57 178 

33 15 198 

88b 91 178 
114 29 193 
123 38 142 
7 6 '*3 130 
122 2 9 15.0- 

16 2.1 92 
100 5.7 31.1 
134 48117 
104 17 158 

14 20 60 



112 99 
S* 64' 
110 98'- 
118 103 
107 81". 
106 BB- 
ll? MW- 

123 102 
106 9*'- 

121 103 . 

»t 79! 

438 111 
133 105 

122 97- 

117 110' 
103 88" 

120 100 

76 88" 
110 91- 

126 -106' 
TO 112" 
103 87 

i«r 122 

130 in - 
84 .. 74. • 
106 101 • 

131 110 

112! 93' 
TOl. 79"- 
142 t»- 

. » 13" 

107- 89’ 
M8- 128 

124 10S- 

107. 88- 

136 10J-- 
ll« ■ 96 ■ 
>12 9* 

133 ill'- 

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91 - 





111* **5% 
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117-. --- 

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132 ► 

121V -% 

10V. -*.- 

121 ve-% 

94". -% 
l»V -V 

83'. -v 
100". -■- 
138- -- 
115 -*- 

99*. -'. 
Il7v -% 

123 * - -'j 

AKZO M/v Bauer 
Anchor Cnamol 


Bayai DM50 
Brim Cnems 
Br Beam 
Crmy (W) 
Ctuurn Brae 

Cary IHoracel • 
Ew4l - 

Hatouad (Jamat) 
Hoacnat DMS0 
tap Cham kid 


Raaerook HldBS 
Suictao Spaa amen 
wotewahaanB Raec 
Yortahae Cnam 

B4SV -v 
196 •*! 

405 to-5 
237 -4 

142 • .. 


















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270 176 Angfca TV a 
52 .27 Gramcun . 
940 176 MTV HIV 
388 263 LtfT WIdgs 
350 188 5col TV A 
280 1 S3 TVS NRT 
46 31 TSW 

119 55 112 ' 

25 69 65 

11.4 52 100 

211 69 142 
159 45 >03 
129 S3 118 

26 58 114 



111-. .91'. Tress W. »0i 
109 89 Conv 9 ■% 

106 95 Conv 9% 2000 85- V 

137 117 Traas 19^-01 W- -} 

-111- 94 Corn 10% MM 

134 103 E*ri> 12% 1999-02 115 .•- * 

1M 90 9% 20K 

M2 33 Tram 10% 1003 iro- - » 

139 118 -Traaa 13" % 2000-W J28 •- - 
TO 104 Trees 11 % W-tM 111 
ti9 94 TVak TO®- 2004 103 s - - « 

60- dB R-Sr 3" % 199904 »-. -J- 

>06 BO-.Cmw 9 % 2004 59 - - ■ 

100 96 Com. 9 1 *-^05 -• 

106* ■ 90 CDrw 6" % 2005 »- -• 

11T' fld Erril IQ - % 2005 >08- - - 

iJT 11? Traaa 12' % >|3' -% 

96 79 TJ>« £% SS 06 ,S-‘ 

MJ7 102 Conv 9r*- 

127 lOa.TVaaall % 2003-07 IIS.*-. 
24 23 TreaaS % 2007 »25 3- - - 

94 92 Trees 8' % 2007 92% -* 

143 US Trees 13 % 2«M-r» 

95 87 Traas , 2 ■ ■ 

72 57 Trees 5 , %2g95'!f £!■ 

S3 78 Tre«* 7 *m 20*2-15 

136 Ml Exch 12% 2013-17 125 . 


46 38 Consou 4% 

4? 34 War Ln 3 % 

52 44 Com 3 % 

3* 29 Trees 3% 

29 24 Cbradts 2 % 

23 24 Traas 2 % 


122 114 Traas tL ?■> l 
M,7 96 Trass IL 2% 1 

122 108 Trees IL 2% J 
107 95 Traas ILT % J 

>07 .98 Traaa IL2 *• < 

110 96 Traas a. 2% 2 
106 3S T remU %2 

111 97 Traas BJ «-2 

9± 79 Trass IL2 % 1 

102 87 Traas ILZ %! 
100 86 Trass IL2 %! 

1988 1 21 

1990 106 

1996 112 

2001 03 

2003 I® - 

20* 1“ 

2009 • I* 
2011 106 

2013 » 

2020 9 * 


-erJj™ T 

■■ - i-'J • sc 

-7- ■ . : j> 

.-7- *’ J- a-' 


AnsCacher IHenryl 
AM He*. Z 
BaMmenca ^ . 
Bank 01 M*nd 
Bank Lam ore* 
Rta'Uwv u* 
Bank O Gcoaand 
frown Saratov 
Cam Atom 


Deuncne Bare 
Fora Nat Franca 
Canard kor 
Guraasa Real 


fU Samuel 
Hh Soana* 

Jcoepn ifSwriffl 
kng & Snaxson 
Mieraan Benson 
Menvv bin 
Do 6*. A 
' N8> Ausi Bb 
Kit Wes 
flea bos 

90 “3»2 

150 76 

160 67 117 

200 48 91 

ate 53 73 


AQuascunim 'A 
Beeme (Jamasj 'A' 
P en — 

Body Shop 
Brown (Nl 

Caraors A 
Cassei IS) 

Coats VryeSa 
Consxned Engtodi 

Colrs IFuml A' 

DA»S frmeson A 
Demwst Ml 
Onene Grp 

Eto & GddMan 
Elys iWmriedonl 
Enprt Suras 

Ereoaaa CkHhes 
Fine An Dev 
Ford (Martn) 






QU 5 
Do A 

Hams Ouea ntwa y 
Helena Ol London 

House Ol loose 
Jones lErnem 
Lades Pride 

Lee Cooorr 

Uncreh xtgOM 

Marks & Spawr 


MASTS Leisure 
moss fros 
NSS Newsagents 
New _ 

Okiiw IGD 
Preadv lAtfredl lie 

Ratnere Uewcaeri) its 
R ead lAtoug 3«o 

0° a 

5 « u Stores 37 

Samura (HI 3*5 

Do A 153 

Bears M7 

SMOIWH) A 268 

Do B 54 

Stanley (AO) 78 

Saras 4 Sonpson A 86 
Siorenouso 370 

Stomraaro " 

Sumna OoM 3* 

SupenkUO Srarm 445 

TanrConsuHto *5 

Ttaa Preoucu 74 

Tip Top Drug '88 

unfltrwoa a a 18B 

WW Group 3*3 

HM wnae 322 

wnjiaai ion 

Wookaonn 610 

46 28108 
38 55228 

38 48128 
35 28 305 

38* 05 574 
07 1.4 375 

161 25 341 

66 25 188 
32 ZS 320 

3.1 68 &7 

12.1 33 148 

17.1 35146 
06 4 4 19.4 

67 58 75 

86 35 10.1 

13 15 1B8 

4J 13 234 
7.9 16 168 

15 36 120 

136 21 250 

5 4 30 178 

6.1 25 178 

28 81 99 
5.7 35 199 

8J5 A* 

TOO 24 
7.7n 46 

14 20 
57 38 

107 6.1 

68 16 

268 23 

269 27 

66 28 
23 88 

a> 7.6 

120 7.7 

56 7.1 
1 1 SB 
64 53 

60 32 

11.1 1.6 

107 51 

59 25 

59 19 

29 13 

88 15 

SI 25 
58n 23 

129 41 
1.0 14 

55 49 
43 25 
79 23 
79 53 


17 7 38 199 

125 9 I 11.7 
257 36 103 

»06 62 65 

36.4 67 207 

27 3 5 * S3 

600 55 09 

155 4.6 11.0 

18 3 1 132 

3P8 180 AB Eferi 3» -2 

181 130 Alpnwienc 1® ■* 

1?1 30 Amend M» 5 

99 SO Apncof ComMtms 56 

80 63 Alton ■ ~ e 

300 SOS AUareeComp 270 

& 1% zzir 1 I s 

71 15 « 

29 39 135 

24 13 381 

11.3 33 105 
93 29 174 

3 6e 21 

228 38 14 0 

>7 4 31 278 

21 13 170 

03 03*32 
05b 05 4 4 

36 13 36 

21 15 137 

157 39 154 
24 30 59 

Kan low Company 

dw TXJ 

Pnce enge pence % PIE 

Bowmen* 535 

fr Telecom !S0 

fttw Boveri Kenr 101 
(AF) A 13 

C40M 4 Wvaoss 67? 

Camonoge EMC 721 
CAP Cb 200 

Cfliamle 47 

Do I % CPF 205 

Come 4o 320 

Cray Elect 333 

Crysuiam 22? 


Dausenr 183 

Dewnursi A 32 

Donwio 332 

Dortng 4 Mds 38 
DU0*« 172 

EUcnocomocneras 381 
EkcmaK uaoi 7i 
Eiactrooc Rentals 5? 
Emss Lighting 291 
Eurotngrm 275 

Fame* Elea 163 

Ferranti 1 14 

Feward Terii 44 

GEC 190 

Grosrenor 125 

J^rtmc Bed OT 

n S <qo* S Control 236 
Jones SPOUd 243 
Kode 285 

Lee RWroeraBon 250 
Louca 199 

Mk Elea 365 

Memec 225 

Mrao BS 63 

uoa Focus 125 

khjuone Eua K) 
Murray EBcl <9 

Newman. (Lous) 300 
kCi 95 

Ocaoncs 20 

Oikvd tosmenents 543 
Ptvcom 30 

Prvloe Fei 5 % Cl 27 
am ps Lamps M/V F>3 • 
PICO 260 

Do A LB Votag 160 

Ptossay 216 

Do ADR 25 E2>'. 

Press* 133 

Quasi Automaton 24 
RicV Eject 176 

Rorrtle. 478 

EcnoM* tGH 586 
Snorrock 152 

Sore DrffUHXl 36"r 

STC 156 

Sum mo 158 

Srsam Desonere 78 
TDK C13‘. 

Teuphone Remau 210 
T ri a m ein i 48 

Tnom EMI 447 

Tncroe |FW) 250 
Tunsita 305 

UEJ 312 

Unteoi 190 

Did L«asaig 166 
DIO Soonrfe 160 
VG Instnnams 497 
vote. 260 

Western SkUcton 79 
Whewenn Elect 85 

Whriesau Ffttrag 260 


AbmgworVi 22S 

Aitkan Hume <39 

Amriagasa 660 

Barkley Tech 201 

Cjmeiw E'9 

Caixlpuer 254 

Cefitrwtay 32 

Ebuty t Gan S'. 
Irory 3 Sene 141 

Mg** ire 

Nai Home Loans 62 
00 r. E94 

Newmwkei i*5 

ia as 

100 79 59 
2750 *2 64 

171 09 762 
57 22*0.1 

1.7 $6 27 6 

66 48 193 
690 4 9 261 




£9 161 


• ♦1 






as 14.1 








5.1 295 



11 142 



. 1 

48 93 



9 H 3 
• -5 

39 95 
50 17.0 

Frnancia! Trusts up pear on Page 20 

126 ASOA-MFI 142 

21 Aipne Ormte 29 

313 AiM 315 

Z36 AS Food 306 

97 Assoc Frahenaa 99 
524. Avene 549 

240 Barits (frdrwy Cl 315 
11' Barker & Dobsoo 
230 Barr lAOi - - 
145 Bascea Foods . 

96 Badiys 
1*5 Beram 
73 BkmtMd Com - 
54 Br Venane (Bvn TO 
1*2 Cao&vry-Sriiecpoas 1 65 
W -Cm lung 161' 

160 OltordS Derai 225 

142 Do -A 111 

205 CVfcm - 205 

220 Doe 230 

151 Ftaier (Altai) - 172 

251 Fdch Love* - 25B 

188 GUs* Glover 188 

756 1 * 7* 1 0 00 foota esa 
i7o HHraos i3a 

161 HHSOOwn Hap 275 

75 Home Fram 90 

*99 iceond Frtaen 507 
220 K-e. Save 2« 
85 Lees MOM J) 106 
50 loveaiGF) 95 

505 LOW (Wm) 530 

124 «4aonews iSertBfd) 231 
S3 Mera Trace Supp 103 
150 Momson (WJ 20? 
210 MOWS UN) (Vereol CT 
57" Nonna n* 57' 

258 Nlkn Foods 286 

15? NriQrn 0 Peacock 170 

127 Pars Foods IBS 

157 RHM 209 

398 Hoemerae Mac 
3«* Sam^rav U) 

122 Sanresen (Chstn) 

15* Scnwiar 
520 Tjie S Lyto 
265 Testa 
2i5 Dragon 
218 W3 &sa«s 
136 Watson « Pnep 

100 49 24.4 

32 19212 

159 5912.7. 

59 11 1*9 

138 1 6 205 

44 22 17.4 

60 22 172 

4.6 51 93 

94 19 217 

74 2J 191 
29 £7 13.4 
59 53 99 

179 3A 157 

33 17 206 

75 73 153 
19 09 206 

8.8 39 1*5 

27 4.7 154 

114 42 1A2 

59 3* 1«9 
6.0 36 134 

32 39 1*2 

174 42 113 

7.9 2.1219 
46 32 192 

321 56 II is 
83 23 207 

139 43 135 

116b 60 122 

8.7 57 190 


433 326 Grand Mai 371 -10 115 

286 200 Kennedy Broakaa 223 -2 21 

391 312 LadOrofca 338 -9 >*t 

545 447 Lon Park Hotels 526 -3 143 

100 76' Moran Cneoaoe IT*. -1 22 

105 67 Prince 0> W HouU 88 2-1 

n 56" Oueora Moat 70". -1 23 

405 371 Savoy HOWS *3 ..50 

61 56 SUMS 65 19 

209 1*6 Trusmotse Fone 151 -4 73 



AAH 294 

AGB Research 2tn 

AM >15 


Aarenson s» 

Arinest CT 

AtoMnore Wwear 330 

Amoer mo 2*5 

Aocieoore iM 

Arenson « 

Armour 26 

Asn « Lacey *30 

AmU- Eng 8*. 300 

Sren^Ruerar 3*6 

AgrareMeia. ^ 

BET Did 4*0 

8ETEC 75 

ttC 30> 

BTR 298 

Babcock 181 

B*4ey ICH) IB' 

Bara |W<ni 378 

Baker Perura 281 

Banro Ind 1B0 

Bamam « 

BereiwRand 2*4 

Ban era Hepburn 51 

Beeson CUrke 
Bearer (CM) 
Becav Cbsmetcs 

Beam U) liB 

Bubo Oktacasl <35 

Brrmngnam Mad 170 

BU Arrow 364 

MtCcrme* 381 


Barerar tar E10 

frSS" B ‘ P CT 

BrOporrQonav SOB 


fr ®S°°" 310 

Broken H4I 356 

ss^sr“ ^ 

Brook* Tori 39 

frown & Tewee 170 

|ro*« Moran 27 

BnnoralUuft 65 

BtAougn 303 

Burges* CT 

Burna-ktidareon 66 

Cam lo«d Era 95 

Cadre no 53 

Can mo 73 

Gjrao Eng 375 

Cntngs ng 

craeaw* 3* 

Central & Sheer 6 

GMtrawav ms 25 

CH md 91 

Cnantatan Pn 87 

cnuraerkB ih* 66 

cnanet Cons 2*6 

cnontmg 570 

Dmsaas k4 275 

Oktay Hud 49 

CUrke tCHmeng 230 

50 42 135 
61 45 129 

59 52 99 
64 44 12* 

24 1 0 226 

1 *b 32 69 
£0 05 ?*2 

39 31 113 
171 45 165 

101 41 159 

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132 42 1&9 

179 5514 3 
32 36 98 
2 1 5 0 201 

05 12 28.7 

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7 4 3 6 163 

14 1 1 659 

11 I 49 119 
43 36 >19 
109 12 132 

13 4 1(12 26.1 

07 23 323 
20 51 79 
103 6.1 101 


Hrg"LOw Company 

>00 >9 >55 

10? SB 11* 
43 *3 65 

01 082P3 

IS 30 5* 
136 20 164 

106 *8 133 
2.1 11 


21 0 7J5B 

4 6 * 4 37 6 

65 29 13 4 

64 102 20 9 
10 05 .. 

15 4 7 72 

26 06 22* 
21 55 121 

41 24 12 6 

98 £3 18 5 
10 149F3 

4S 86 14* 
690 3 1 162 
69 25 1*8 

31 19 161 

24 2 1 174 

0 7 16 179 

6.1 32 11 9 

62a 66 >0.4 
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1.7 31 75 

10 04 

12.1 50 9 4 

171b 6 0 59 5 
179 72 97 

1 *a 0721 5 

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43 1.9 17 4 

37 1 t 99 

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193 63 140 
75 7.9 135 

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16 5 3 149 
575 4 5 

7 5 29 142 
75 47 67 
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31 23 (94 

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43 24 16* 
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314 53 132 

27 16 263 

09 1671 

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570 356 

60 3? 
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425 33i 

61 «0 
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315 307 
305 206 
23 18 

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172 SI 
10 69a 
259 171 
2C6 IBB 
315 166 
19 17 

371 215 
102 83 

110 98 

118 95 

150 ?5 

97 B1 
66 72 

Clayton Sen 
Conen iai 
C e*c»ou Gp 
Cornpnni Teen 

Cora Srjimty 
Coo* iwmt 
Cooujn |F| 


Cnxmey Proe 
GOw4l> DC Or oof 
Crest Nrcncryoti 
Crown House 
Cumrrans 3 % 

Dawes 6 Met a 

Dares 6 Newman 

De L* Rue 

Orrecnd Sumperg 
Draw Heri 
Dnoson PW 

Dcmjraon Ire 


Dyson (J&J) 

Do * 

32 53 

1*3 56 69 
69 57 95 
47 1 as 12 a 
93 «7 9.7 
114 43 13* 

104 41 106 

06 34 197 

75 3* 135 

7 4 62 129 

7.1 67 11 7 

79 70 125 

57 65 214 

5 7 76 162 

313 7*8 
221 158 
277 21* 
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153 1 (E- 
26 17-- 

10 * 62 

38 16 

361 262 
29 19' 

1M «3* 
177' 130 
140 112 
342 156 
214 1?4 

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55 » 

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1*3 106 
75 60 

628 *06 
67 35 
12* 8* 
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173 100 
41* 27' 
>99 >57 
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131 •* 
385 256 
310 260 
118 60 
157 100 
ISO 111 

11 -756' 
344 >94 
505 325 
182 107 
31? 206 
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93 59' 
23? 13* 
162 126 
265 ISO 
260 230 
Jt 25". 
*9 21 

191 141 
190 145 
116 98 
124 1l6'- 
190 133 
275 175 
623 43) 
<50 92 

190 61 
221 140 
201 ' 96 

96 85 

142 122 
61 62 
106 66 
285 1*6 
120 91 

310 234 
115 68 
265 207" 

191 119 
315 2n 
295 2W 
123' 96' 
615 473 
216 133 

. 44" 22'. 
330 23S 
1*0 66 

132 67 

29 21 
38 25 

325 188 
130 105 
290 230 
215 123 

Easrem Proa 265 

EtBvo 196 

ElS 228 

Elbe) 43". 

Etoco 1*0 

Elect! iMuv ME) B E26 

Ewotr |B| 96 

Emnart £?j-. 

Engfcsn OtU CUy 316 

ErcSSOn |LMl B EM'- 

E< skate House 1*5 

European Ferries 139 

Do Prt 133 

Evereo CT 

Emu me> mi 173 

Extel 368 

Falcon 45 

Feedm Agnc Ind 33 
Fermer UH) 178 

File biomai 60 

Frsons 608 

Pnn»v»n 65 

Fieieko CSW to* 

Fobei 51 

Fograty 109 

Fakes Group Nri 36". 
FomergA t Harvey 166 

French tT nomas) 56 

GEI Ml 103 

GKN 337 

Gfl 305 

Carton Eng 10* 

Garaemer 132 

Gwves 13* 

GU>0 947 

Gtyawed 306 

Goring Kerr 400 

Grampran HUgs 145 

Gonad* 278 

GrovcDeO 0". 

H*M Ptecncn 94'/ 

Has Eng 196 

Hta Mi 1*6 

Haate 186 

Ha ana 273 

Hampton Ind 40 

Harwnei 24 

Hanson 169 

Do B*. Cm £172 

Do 6 % P> 110' 

Dd 10% 1116". 

Karra eaves 177 

Hams (Prop) 275 

Hawker Sr fl M toy 52) 
Hawley 110 

Hay INonnam 160 

Hepworm Cerairac 205 
Hesuv 156 

Hewn Ui 68 

raraigaie S Job 137 

Hobs Bros 71 

Hon Lloyd 95 

Heptansona £56 

Howden 1D0 

Wmg Assoc 290 
Huneng Group 103 
Hracnsn Misnrao* 2*7 
aw 166 

Isoiron 229 

JaOUOns Bourne 260 
Jar one Uam 121 
Jonnspri CUanars 570 
Johnson Madhey 193 
Johnson 6 FB 3 V, 
Jonnsran 310 

Jones 6 Sriomap .130 
JoiPdan (Thomasl 113 
kraamazoo 28 

Kakyi 29’/ 

KaKey mo 315 

Kennedy Snare 120 
Kershaw (All 275 
Klaan-E-Sa . 200 

14 3 54 67 

10 7 55 99 

96 40 125 

25 57 ia* 

66D 4.7 1X1 

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139 5.7 . 


16 1 5 1 123 

90 04 

050 03 139 

69 49 1X3 

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21 6* as 

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50 63 174 


79 10 27 1 

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06 12 51 


61 56142 

20 55 65 


125 6.7 133 


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171 51 113 


100 33 a * 

50 *0 79 


21 16 119 

47 35 153 


157 17 254 




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2.7 160 





40 17.0 



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7.4 84 











I5 43B 




36 162 








Lee (Arrikej 
LAesnil HO 

unread 77 

Uoyd IfUl 69' 

Locker )T) 25' 

Lon Mtaand 200 


Lon 6 H»n 69' 

Lon inti >67 

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shore 3pht t Tax-free .. No sawcam data. V 

Edited by Matthew May 




Massive information link-up 

Stephen Johnson 

at a 


The information industry has vaulted 
into the news. The British computer 
group ICL forged two partnerships last 
week which will put it into the forefront 
of the industry, and 30 UK companies 
formed a joint venture to promote 
electronic publishing. 

The ICL partnerships not only repre- 
nt the intention of the group to offer a 

By Richard Sarson 

Whenever there is a currency 
crisis we are used to seeing on 
our television sets dealing 
rooms full of excited young 
men seated in front of rows of 
impressive computer screens, 
keyboards and telephone 

The equipment controls the 
telephony so that the dealers 
can instantly call up a counter- 
party to deal with, and die 
screens present the dealer with 
prices and cross-rates. 

But from then on the dealer 
is on his own. He has to 

scribble out a dealing slip, to 
pass into the back office and 
has to rely on a junior human 
position-keeper to tell him 
whether he is short or long on 
his currencies, and whether be 
is up against his dealing limits. 

The junior does this by 
hand and is usually stroking 
to keep up with the fast- 
thinking dealer. If either of 
them makes a mistake it can 
take days, and sometimes 
thousands of pounds, to put 

Today's dealing rooms are 
not as high-tech as they look. 
A system called Dealer's 
Choice, by International 
Banking Systems, hopes to 
improve on this. There are no 
keyboards in sight — deals are 
made by touching certain 
areas of a touch-sensitive 
computer screen. 

It will then automatically 
calculate the dealer's position. 
Another part of the screen 
shows the fluctuating curren- 
cies. changing colour for 10 
seconds after a change, green 
for up. red for down. 

IBS says h chose the touch 
method because foreign ex- 
change dealers, a rather spe- 
cial breed it says, tend to reject 
keyboards. They like to keep 
their eyes on the screen and 
insist on seeing only what they 
need to at any point in the 

So, IBS, advised by John 
Marino, an American who 
studied software ergonomics 
at MIT. has filtered out any 
extraneous data from the 
screens. A dealer in Japanese 
yen only has yen rates in front 
of him — bis set of screens 
being tailored for him alone. If 

sent the intention of the group to offer a 
comprehensive range of services to 
computer users but are a major diversifi- 
cation for th e company. Like all corpora- 
tions trying to compete in the 
manufacturing sector against the chal- 
lenge from the Pacific Basin, particularly 
developing economies such as South 
Korea's, ICL has had to change its 

Added value is the order of the day. A 
highly professional workforce which 
designs and manufactures bespoke sys- 
tems — basic models with customer 
enhancements — software, control and 
networking, is to be the hallmark of the 
new ICL. Substantial revenue will accrue 
from these professional services. At least 
that is the theory. 

JCL's first partnership is meant to 
open new fields to the computer group. It 
has joined forces with Cable & Wireless, 
the parent of the rival telephone operator 
Mercury, to form an international data 

management network. 

Peter Bonfield. chairman and manag- 
ing director of ICL. says: “We are 
unmatched in products, solutions and 
services. Now we are concentrating on 
bringing the whole operation out into the 
international arena. The venture with 
Cable & Wireless will give us a foothold 
in some major business in the UK. ICL 
will primarily provide sales and market- 
ing expertise, while Mercury's contribu- 

tion will be in the role of national 
network carrier". 

• In theory the Cable & Wireless 
partnership makes perfect sense. Two 
British companies with international 
links join forces to compete in informa- 
tion technology (IT) against the on- 
slaught of the Japanese and the 
Americans. Will the practice be 

Cable & Wireless has had difficulties 
in making substantial inroads in the 
United States, despite the deregulation 
of AT&T. Through its second partner- 
ship. ICL is attempting to get a foothold 
in the American market. 

also give the computer group more 
openings in the US. 

Non-network information was also in 
the news last week. Thirty of Britain's 
top publishers formed a company — 
Publishers' Databases - to exploit 
electronic publishing. Titles will be 
published on compact disc and other 
high technology storage devices for those 
clients who have no need or desire to be 

4 f> IC 


permanently on-line to a computer 
database. The client will receive publica- 

tions on request 


By Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

Its new partner is GEISCO, a division 
of General Electric of the US, which has 
had extensive experience both in Europe 
and the United States in offering data 
network services. The group is already 
providing an information service to the 
European motor trade. 

The project called Knowledge Ware- 
house. will have a working budget of 
£210,000 for its first year, with 25 per 
cent coming from the Department of 
Trade and Industry and a similar 
amount from the British Library. In its 
first year the project will collect from 
publishers up to 200 works — now held 
electronically — on the pilot subject 
maritime commerce and law: research ■ 
the market for such databases; design the ! 
CD product and the appropriate accom- 
panying software and solve the technical, 
legal and commercial problems of the 1 
new market. 

c4 V * 

Of men, mice and Wimps 

ICL. encouraged by the success of its 
Trademet — an information service 
designed for the Article Numbering 
Association (ANA) that controls the bar- 
coding system and offered to high street 
retailers — intends to supply other 
services. The City and the newly 
liberated building societies are two 

markets ripe for exploitation by the 
partnership. The GEISCO deal should 

According to the creators of the 
Knowledge Warehouse: “The main ob- 
jective of the Knowledge Warehouse is 
the creation of a vast store of electroni- 
cally held data which can be drawn down 
and manipulated to provide a base for 
new knowledge works aimed at new 
markets. The data - books, journals and 
reference materials already held in 
machine-readable form — will come 
from many different publishers to form 
the Knowledge Warehouse. The material 
will not be held as an on-line database.” 

5 k ^ 

British firm leads the way 
to faster chip design 

'Bloody cheek! Customer re- 
porting a fault on one of our 
'freebie 1 calculators 1 


by any chance he is colour- 
blind, they can choose the 
colours and shapes he can see. 

So the days of the expensive 
special-purpose dealing-room 

systems, based on large main- 
frames, are coming to an end, 
claims IBS. Instead, the all 
pervasive micro, with its clev- 
er graphics and colour screens, 
will take over. 

Personal Computer Worid 
Show. Olympia, London, 
September 3-7 {01-487 5831) 
Visit 86 Recruitment Pair, Inter- 
continental Hotel, Hyde Park, 
London, September 5-6 (01- 
840 7117) 

Commodore Show, UMIST, 
Manchester. September 12-14 
(061-456 8835) 

Electron & BBC Micro Show, 
UMIST. Manchester. Septem- 
ber 26-28 (061-456 8835) 

New Technologies in Training, 
Kensington Town Hall. London, 
September 30-October 2 (01- 
727 1929) 

IBM System User Show, Olym- 
pia 2, London, October 1-3 (01- 

Compec, Olympia, London, 
November 11-14(01-821 5555) 


Comdex Australia, RAS 
Showground, Sydney, Septem- 
ber 2-1 (01-930 9740) 

By Frank Brown 
A tiny software firm in Edin- 
burgh has developed a system 
for designing silicon dips 
which could have far-reaching 
effects on the world's electron- 
ics industries, and on electron- 
ic equipment generally. 

The system, called ASE 
(Application Specific Engine), 
enables electronic engineers 
with no previous experience of 
designing integrated circuits, 
to design computer chips for 
particular applications using a 
process called CMOS and to 
carry out the entire design 
process on a personal 

A chip for a specific purpose 
can be designed in a few hoars 
reducing overall development 
times from a usual six to nine 
months to a few weeks. 

CMOS is a chip production 
process which produces de- 
vices that are extremely com- 
plex — they can contain many 
thousands of logic circuits — 
and have a low power con- 
sumption. Thus they are wide- 
ly used in all manner of 
electronics equipment 

Lattice Logic, the designers 
of ASE, claims two significant 
firsts for the system — first to 
cover the entire chip design 
process and the first to cost 

less than £20,000, including 
hardware and software. 

separately for existing PC-AT 

Using tiie program the engi- 
neer can also choose which of 
the various chip manufactur- 
ers CMOS processes is the 
best for a design and produce 
the manufacturing information 
for that process. 

Existing chip design sys- 
tems do not have this manufac- 
turing evaluation ability and 
earlier this year semi-conduc- 
tor experts were predicting 
that such facilities would not 
be available for another two 

Thus ASE caused some- 
thing of a sensation when it 
was launched at an American 
conference earlier this month. 
“People at the show did not 
believe our claims at first, but 
they soon became enthusiastic 
and we received a high volume 
of inquiries and a number of 
orders," said Lattice Logic's 
managing director, Alan 

One big attraction of ASE is 
that the work station is IBM 
PC-AT compatible. The 
system's software, called 
Chips mith, will ran on any 
IBM or IBM-compatible PC- 
AT fitted with a special pro- 
cessor board, and is available 

So far custom chip design 
has only been economically 
viable for manu f act ure rs of 
mass production goods soch as 
washing machines, that is, 
applications involving high 
volumes of chips. 

Custom chip design offers 
the advantage of cramming 
thousands of purpose-de- 
signed rirq ii t s on a chip which 
greatly reduces the number of 
individual components in 
equipment am! which in turn 
simplifies, speeds up and cuts 
the cost of production. It can 
also rednee equipment size or 
enable equipment to have 
more facilities. 

Low cost custom chip design 
systems are also likely to 
affect the semi-conductor in- 
dustry itself, in that mnch of 
its activities will be manufac- 
turing to customers' designs, 
rather than standard products. 

In addition, US and Europe- 
an drip manufacturers are 
likely to face increased compe- 
tition from Japanese and other 
Far Eastern companies which 
so far have had little success in 
world custom chip markets. 
ASE may help them to com- 
pete on equal terms. 

By Chris Naylor 
Did you know that no less 
than 10 per cent of all newPC 
users are working in, or at least 
being exposed to, a WIMP 

WIMPS in computer jargon 
are Windows, Icons, Mouse 
and Pointers and have become 
the latest means by which man 
communicates with m achine. 
Instead of a cryptic screen 
display, which only those with 
a thorough knowledge of two 
or three thick and cryptic 
manuals can understand, a 
piece of WIMP software turns 
your computer screen into a 
graphic representation of an 

It comes complete with 
1 filing cabinets, notepads fold- 
ers, clipboards, wastepaper 
basket enormous pencils, gi- 
ant erasors and a dock. 

The activities which may be 
carried out are represented by 
postage stamp sized pictures, 
called icons; suggestive of the 
nature of the task. The mouse 
is a hand-held device which, 
when rolled around a desktop, 
moves a pointer on the screen 
to indicate the desired activi- 
ty. So for. so familiar — and, 
yes. it does make using a 
computer easier. 

Not of. course, that any of 
these items look exactly like 
their real counterparts or even 
behave exactly like them. 
Represented by icons on the 
screen they resemble more a 
child's idea of what the real 
thing might look like. And 
functionally the resemblance 
to childhood continues with 
wastepaper baskets that are 
infinitely bottomless and 
notepads whose surface never 
becomes grubby no matter 
how frequently yon erase from 

On the basis of their mice 
sales. Microsoft calculates that 
of 12,000 personal computers 
being sold m the UK each 
month 10 per cent are pur- 

prised, but not shocked, would 

best sum up the attitude of tins 
firm whose mice now sell like 
hot cakes. But then perhaps 
we have not yet reached the 
final or terminal, phases of 
WlMPishness when harmless 
possession of mouse gives way 
to something deeper and alto- 
gether more sinister. 

You want to open a file? 
Then move the mouse until 
die pointer is over the pictori- 
al representation of a filing 
cabinet and click the mouse’s 
bunon to open a file. You 
want to throw it away? Then 
move it to the wastepaper 
basket picture and drop it in. 
You want to know the time? 
Weil, there's even a picture of 
a dock which, when strode by 
the mouse, will fill the screen 
with its image. 

A Mickey Mouse, cartoon- 
like worid this in which ob- 
jects can be made to appear 
out of nowhere. Where pencils 

dock time accurately on their 
computer. But, for him, it wifi 
be the real time in his world. 

And . then, perhams, . you 
light enquire of him the- 

A process of 
reverse learning 
takes over 

might enquire of him the- 
jikely result of adding, two-’, 
and. say, two.Withmminutes, 1 
by anyone’s dock, he will be" 
staring at a Jarre- computer . 
image of- a calculator and-; 
fririously manoeuvring his' 
mouse to bonk the appro pri" 
ate non-real keys. Depending - 
on his dexterity he may:, 
chance upon four as a likely 
outcome but he ' will seize up, 1 ; 
fail, hang or go gaga should -, 
you ask him the- same' ques^ 
tion with the computer 
switched off 

From these simple results I 
fancy you see a man who is but . 
weeks away from a terminal 
condition. In this, a process . of j 
reverse learning takes .over- 
and instead of looking for the 
real iconic re presen- 
rations he will start to lookfor. 
icons above afi. 

One day you will enter his 
presence to find a computer 

graphic representation of a 
filing cabinet stuck to the from 
of his, teal, filing cabinet Not 
some pop art whim, it is there 
to remind him what h is. 

And your eye may chance 
upon the pencil he keeps in his. 
top pocket It will be about 
one inch m diameter. 

You may also observe- that 
the floorboards beneath his. 
wastepaper basket have been 
cut away so that it is bottom- 
less and never needs 

Occasionally, you will see 
him wave his hand in the air. 
dick his fingers and seem 
surprised when nothing of any 
great significance appears out 
of the thinness of the air. 

Finally, as if this had been 
the answer to the problem all 
along, he will acquire his own 
real life mouse. Quite possibly 
he will strike it across the top 
of his grey metal filing cabinet 
in the hope of getting the 
drawers to open. He will try to 
banish entire objects by smit- 
ing them with his mouse until 
they are struck down and 
outcast into his bottomless 
wastepaper basket 

appear to be an inch m 
diameter and rubbers, or eras- 
ers. erase and rub leaving no 
grubby teU-tale stain. Where 
wastepaper baskets, being bot- 
tomless. never need emptying 
and filing cabinets can be 
made to dance in the space of 
a postage stamp. 

But in this world is there a 
progression from novelty, 
through acceptance, to .fatal 
adaptation? And can you 
quickly identify those who are 
reaching the final stage by 
means of a few simple tots? 

chased with accompanying 
mouse — and possession of 

mouse — and possession of 
mice, as everybody knows, is 
the first sign of incipient 

Not, of course, that 
Microsoft is complaining. Sur- 

PossiWy yon should start by 
asking a suspected sufferer of 
WlMPishness die time. Ignor- 
ing his wristwatch he will turn 
to the computer, manipulate 
mouse- and display a large 
screen image of a dock. The 
clock may well be wrong for 
not everyone thinks to set the 

Gallium a 


, to hr* 

£ r: 


Going Dutch with three new microcomputers 





■ The cheapest IBM- 
compatible personal 
computers so far are the 
promise of a Dutch-based 
company, Genisys Europe. 
Last week it announced three 
micros - a basic PC at 
£350 with 512k of memory, one 
disc drive and monitor, an 
XT compatible at £599 and an 
AT compatible at £999. 



particularly aimed at the 
East Bloc, was being lifted 
because the saw was now 
available outside the United 

As part of its continuing development in the fields of 
information technology and remote sensing, the Ministry of 

at RAF Brampton, near Huntingdon. Civilian staff at RAF 
Brampton are involved in developing a range of facilities in 
these fields which incorporate the most advanced technology 
available. These posts require some post-graduate experience 
which could have been gained by working in die field or by 
academic training. 


... to be responsible for the specification and integration 
of electronic, optical, video and computer-based equipment 
systems. You will be concerned specifically with the scientific, 
engineering and ergonomic aspects of the design and 
implementation of such systems. 

You must have a broad systems approach to instrumentation 
including the incorporation of microprocessor-based 
technology Ref; SA/3I/FMA. 

Computer GraphicsTma^ Processing 
Scientist be responsible for the specification and integration 
of digital graphics and imagery data manipulation systems 
including facilities for terrain analysis, three-dimensional 
modelling and imagery simulation. 

A creative and imaginative approach to this new area 
of technology is required. Reft SA/32/FMA. 


... to be involved in the scientific evaluation, specification 
and implementation and integration of information technology 
based systems. The work covers the whole range of the 
rapidly emerging information technologies. 

for the machines are to 
come from Taiwan and Japan 
though it will not be more 
specific. It is looking for 
distributors in Britain. 

Further information from 01 0- 

States, notably in 
Switzerland. However, the US 
manufacturers of the saw 
are stiH required to obtain a 
special licence for direct 
sates to the Soviet Union and 
other East European 

• Using compater keyboards in factories . 
or workshops Is often a hazardons experience. 
Spilt fiqrads on a keyboard can result in 
haring to call the repairman and a lengthy 
wait until the comparer is working again. 



a thin plastic film which matches and fol- 
lows the contours of a keyboard surface. 
Ceratech, the mamdacturers of a product 
called Visiflex Seels, says its process wfU not 

interfere with flu fingering of individual 
keys. Farther information: 0420 88674 


■ French experts are trying 
to tighten security on computer 
systems after anlntruder 
broke into sections of one of 

the country's most powerful 
computers. Jean-Claude Adan, 
deputy director of a Paris 
research centre equipped with 
an advanced Cray 
computer, said the intruder had 

cracked a computer entry 
code to enter the system « 
March 30 for up to four 

March 30 for up to four 

hours. The centre, which 
handies work for the 
National Office of Aerospace 
Research and other 
government bodies, believes 
foe break-in was probably 
done with an ordinary home or 
office terminal hooked to 
the centre by phone. 

Remote Sensing Scientist 

... to develop techniques for exploiting all forms of imaging 
reconnaissance sensors for m ilitary applications and to be 
responsible for those aspects which fall within the remote 
sensing and earth resource analysis disciplines. 

Reft SA/34/FMA. 

Higher Scientific Officer £8405-11 1,320. Degree/ 
HND/HNC in an appropriate subject. At least 2 years’ 
relevant post-graduate experience is required with a first or 
second-class honours degree; at least 5 years’ with other 


For further details and an application form (to be 
returned fay 14 August 1986) write to Ministry of Defence, 
Room 8104, CM(S)Ic3, St Christopher House, Southwark 
Street, London SEI OTD. 

Please quote appropriate reference number. 

The Civil Service is an equal opportunity employer 

■ The Government has 
rejected a caH from an afl-party 
committee of MPs that 
state spentfing on science 
should be maintained at 3 

per cent above inflation. It also 
told scientists they had to 
prove foe benefits to foe 
country from their work if 

■ The computer analysis of 
names is now on offer from a 
company called Assets. 
Director Richard Watts 
describes the product- 
based on the artetent sctence 
of acrophonotay, character 
reading based on names, as 
"rather like horoscopes." 

Mr Watts originally began 
researching on names that 
would be useful to business 
and developed a program 
to incorporate the known 
psychology of names and a 
mathematical system. He has 
now set up a mail order 
business in personal name 
analysis. It is not apparently 
applicable to brand names, 
and charges £10 tor a 
Single reading and £15 for two. 
Further Information from 

The Lon d on Office of a major international management consultancy 
has established a new position to manage office technology. We are 
looking, ideally, for someone 25 - 35 years old with:- 

• C ompr e h en siv e knowledge of IBM and compatible PCs, 

• Proven, strong -interpexsonnel rfrillB 

• Versatility and 

• An interest in developing management akflliL 

The job will initially involve four basic tasks: 

System Development in software networking and graphics as 
well as expansion of the current 30+ PC base to over GO in 12-18 

Advisory to consultant on major computer analysis. 
Training consulting and support staff on new equipment and 
Trouble shooting. 

Salary & bonus ate expected to be highly competitive and wffl not be 
an obstacle to hiring the right person. Please send resum£ in confi- 
dence to BOX F72. All contacts will receive a response. 

A Progressive Career 

they wanted more money. The 
call fora higher-foan- 
inftetion science budget came 



Central London Software House 

in a report earlier this year. 
A White Paper issued last 

week says: “As to future 
reviews, foe Government is 
more likely to be persuaded 
of the value of increasing 
public investment in 
science if foe scientific 




community and the users of 
its products can point to 
increasing economic and 
social benefits and in particular 
to prospects for increased 
national wealth." 





We are a young, friendly, bright and progressive gmaii 
U-S. owned, software house located in Central London 
with prestigious clients in the finance, commercial and 
telecommunications industries throughout Europe. 

Being market leaders in fault tolerant systems, much 
of our work is on Tandem Computers. 

To help us achieve our targets for this year, we need to 
expand by recruiting several young, dynamic and ver- 
satile staff with a minimum of 2 years COBOL, and 
ideally experience of Tandem and a structured 


■ The American 
government has lifted a seven- 
year-old restriction on the 
export of a high-precision saw 
used to make silicon chips 
for computers. The 
government said foe 
restriction, dating from the 
Soviet invasion of 
Afghanistan and which was 

We offer above average remuneration package which 
may include relocation and a car. 

To discuss the next positive steps in your career 

m AQA OCCO : iu ^ 



call 01-434 3553 during office hours. Alternatively dur- 
ing evenings and weekends calh 

Liz Orser - 01-624-3537 
Jack Birrell - 01-876-9490 
14 Clydesdale Gardens, Richmond, Surrey, TW10 5EE 



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By Maggie MdLenlnq 
London Zoo is seeking com- 
puter-lheraie volunteers to 
help create a preventive medi- 
cine' database for rare and 
endangered species. Staff at 
the zoo's Animal Hospital jo 
Regent’s Park are compiling 
the database initially from the 
zoo's 692 resident species, but 
planningxventually to coveT 
all 1 9,000 known species of 
mammals, birds and reptiles. 

When the system is opened 
to outside access, veterinary 
practices will be able to call up 
clinical records by compuier 
to' help treat exotic ani mals 
Other zoos win also contribute 
ibeir - own general 

Work started on the system 
about* IS - months ago, and 
computer records have re- 
placed paper reports since 
January 1985. Backdated 
records will be added for 
special projects and for endan- 
gered species such as the black 
rhino and the scimitar-homed 
oryx, a North American ante- 
lope being bred in British zoos 
to replenish stocks in the rest 
of the world. 

Much development work 
has still to be done, including 
setting up electronic road 
between London Zoo and 
Whipsnade. Both zoos are 
part of the Zoological Society 
of London, but sharing a 

Dig deeper for the true 
source of dissastisfaction 

Regent's Park zoo is compiling data on 692 of its species. The black rhino and scimitar-horned oryx 
are two endangered species included in the project 

collection of animals 40 miles 
apart inevitably creates com- 
munication problems, many 
of which should be solved by 
the computer link. Mean- 
while. Whipsnade will have 
direct access to the database. 

The conservation coordi- 
nator, Dr Georgina Mace, is 
responsible for the £20.000 
project, which is funded by the 
Insiititute of Zoology, the 
scientific arm of the Zoologi- 
cal Society of London. With 
assistance from four of the 
zoo's resident vets but. so far, 
only one programmer. Dr 
Mace has created curatorial 
records of the 6,000-sirong 

Gallium arsenide for 
speed and reliability 

By Geof Wheelwright in Nice 

Though gallium arsenide may 
sound like something you 
might put inside a cup of tea to 
form a potential murder weap- 
on in feet it is one of the 
hottest topics in computer 
research laboratories at the 

One of the computer com- 
panies spending heavily in 
research in this field is Sperry 
— recently merged with Bur- 
roughs and a major contractor 
of advanced technology to the 
US Government Last week, 
some of Sperry’s top research 
people spoke about the 
company's belief that thegallir- 
um arsenide -computer chip 
technology is crucial to the 
Star Ware project ■ 

;'.The crux of the matter is 
speed and reliability. Existing 
computer technology, based 
on etching computer chips 
partially out of silicon, is 
neither secure nor fast enough 
for the jobs that Star Wars will 
place on it For some years 
researchers have been looking 
for alternative chip manufac- 
turing materials to replace 

They believe they may have 
found the answer in gallium 
.arsenide — its operation is said 

to be unaffected by radiation 
and can run at the very high 
speeds necessary for a com- 
puter to detect an incoming 
missile in time to disarm U. 

According to Dr Joseph 
Mathias, Sperry's vice presi- 
dent of research and technol- 
ogy, gallium arsenide chips are 
expensive to produce — but 
prove highly suitable to 
specialised applications. 

Dr. Mathias said gallium 
arsenide will also eventually 
be used in conventional com- 
puter systems — starting with 
the mainframe. But he 
emphasised that the possible 
benefits of gallium arsenide 
research to Star Wars are still a 
few years oft “I don’t expect 
that gallium arsenide will be in 
high-speed digital computer 
systems until at least 1992,” 
Dr Mathias predicts . . 

The first non-military appli- 
cation of gallium arsenide is 
likely to be in a 
supercomputer manufactured 
by the US-based Cray com- 
puter company. These are so 
powerful and expensive, that 
it is usually only large govern- 
ment departments or huge 
corporations which can find 
the money to finance them. 

Compact: an executive tool! 

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after four years as a PC userTve finally got one (the Compaq) 
on my own desk. (Signed) J. Britten, ManarfngDMor, Mow* 

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animal collection shared with 

Details of each individually 
identifiable animal, such as 
name, age, parentage. Interna- 
tional Species Inventory Sys- 
tem number and place of birth 
arc entered on-line at the 
hospital. Clinical records are 
added if it is admitted for 

Dr Macc said: “We have no 
shortage of zoology students 
here during the holidays, but 
this year we also need volun- 
teers with computer expertise. 

“There are three phases to 
the project firstly to establish 
the Regent's Park database, 
secondly to make it available 

to outside vets and thirdly to 
open it up so other zoos can 
add comments on habitat or 

“In the past it has been very 
time-consuming finding out 
about for example, the peri- 
natal mortality of a species. 
The computer system should 
make retrieval practically in- 

Dr James Kirkwood, Lon- 
don Zoo’s senior ventinary 
officer, said: “If wc can rapidly 
survey the causes of disease 
and mortality within the zoo, 
we can make best use of our 
time and efforts in preventing 
future disease.” 

One of the problems for vets 

treating exotic animals is that, 
though they can have diagnos- 
tic tests carried out in ordinary 
laboratories, they may not 
know whether the results are 
normal or abnormal for a rare 

London Zoo's database 
holds the results of blood tests 
on individual animals and 
automatically calculates the 
average for that species, so 
vets will be able to dial in to 
check their results. Dr Kirk- 
wood also expects biochemis- 
try, anaesthesia, growth, 
habitat and dietary informa- 
tion to be added to the system, 
some of which may be con- 
tributed by other zoos. 

By Michael Hallhvell 
Not very long ago one survey 
claimed that more than 80 per 
cent of office workers were 
dissatisfied with their comput- 
ers and that only 1 7 per cent 
felt they were getting maxi- 
mum benefit from them. This 
should come as no surprise — 
there are reasons why this 
situation exists which are 
often not admitted. 

The huge growth in the sales 
of desktop micros during the 
past few years can be attribut- 
ed directly to the development 
of the spreadsheet and its 
ability to perform “what if” 
tvpe calculations. Following 
this came the word processor 
and the micro-based database. 

Now we have access to a 
significant number of pro- 
grams which, using all three, 
can create, merge and sort 
data in sophisticated ways to 
produce comprehensive and 
detailed reports and 

Managers persuade their 
bosses to spend the money to 
acquire computer aids to 
“better” management or have 
the equipment imposed upon 
them. Junior staff and secre- 
taries. told of this, think that 
all their problems are now 
solved and the pressure to gel 
back on time from the pub at 
lunchtime will miraculously 

Bui the managers, the ju- 
nior staff, the secretaries and 
the salesman who goes away 
mentally calculating his com- 
mission, forget the basic fact 
that will tend to prevent the 

new. exciting micro from 
making a positive contribu- 
tion for some considerable 

What is it? Simple. Manag- 
ers can't type and secretaries 
cam add. Of course there are 
exceptions and it is the 17 per 
cent who are satisfied that 
they arc getting the right son 
of benefit from their invest- 
ment in technology who are 
the exceptions. 

1 have seen numerate, expe- 
rienced managers take several 
minutes to type a heading 
such as “Financial Projection 
1 985”. I have seen secretaries 

The manager is 
often inhibited 
by his inability 
to use a keyboard 

type the same in two seconds 
flat, but who cannot work out 
a percentage to save their 

Here lies a significant part 
of the problem. The manager 
who may have the mental 
ability to conceive complex, 
comprehensive numeric lay- 
outs using a spreadsheet is 
inhibited and ashamed by an 
inability to use the keyboard. 

Frustration sets in. Manag- 
ers convince themselves that 
it is quicker to do it the old 
way with a pencil and paper, 
passing the resultant mess to a 
secretary who sorts it out, lays 
it out nicely on a typewriter, 
produces an excellent one-off 

but has no need to understand 
the arithmetic behind it. The 
cover of the micro does not 
come off that day — or the 

It is no use delegating the 
job to a secretarial assistant. 
To work out precise 
spreadsheet formulae and lay- 
out. or database constructions 
can be difficult and the origi- 
nal conception has always to 
be flexible up to the point 
where a final version is agreed. 
As soon as the manager, 
desperately wantinga micro to 
earn its keep, tries delegation 
there is the problem of com- 
municating ideas, the underly- 
ing mathematical concept and 
the whole objective. 

So what's the answer? It is 
easier to get managers to learn 
a decent standard of hum-and- 
pcck typing than it is to raise 
secretaries to an MBA level of 
business understanding. To 
the sellers of stand-alone 
micros f would suggest you 
include, as free software, one 
of the many typing tutor 
programs that are around. 

Do not expect the micro to be 
productive from day one — be 
patient. Give time' for learn- 
ing: for experiment. Find the 
right sort of training, for 
yourself and your staff, h docs 
"not need to cost £4-£500 a day. 

Above all persevere — if the 
novelty wears off it is either 
because you have become a 
competent manager in an 
increasingly compuier con- 
scious world, or because you 
haven’t tried haiti enough. 

|; • ;J 

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Company & 

We require lawyers with up to 
three years' experience in the 
Company/Commerdal field and 
solicitors about to qualify who 
wish to specialise in this field. 



This position calls for a lawyer 
with up to three years' experience 
of Commercial Litigation/ 
Arbitration in construction and 
related property matters. 



Up to £21,468 p.a. 

We offer highly competitive salaries and other 
benefits and the opportunity to join a progressive and 
expanding firm occupying first class offices and 
offering a friendly yet demanding working 


If you wish to apply or would like to discuss the 
positions offered, please write to or telephone 
Mark Fletcher at Taylor Garrett, 180 Fleet Street, 
London EC4A 2NT. Tel: 01-430 1122. 

an interest in, and experience of. Company Law to take 
responsibility for the organisation of its General 
Meetings and to service its C^nsritotion Committee and 
its Bye-Laws Revision Committee. 

Ax±bg as Deputy to the Departmental Secretary 

responsible for Council Business, the Council Business 



some experience of cornmittee work we would like to 

of the Council. 

Hie profession is undergoing a period of rapid 
development and this post will be at the hub of the 
Society's affairs. It calls for an active interest in such 
matters together with a grasp of the principles of 

hflar 6 Tte salary offered will be within the range £15,015 

-£2^468 and the Society offers the benefits of a 

nancwm cf4w»nv» 23 davs leave ayeai; season 

ticket loans mid a subadised luncheon room. ■ 

Please said your CV to B. J. HoOmd, Training; 
& Development Officer; The Law Society, 113 Cha n cery 
Tamp, London WC2A 1PL by the 15th August, 1986. 



Slaughter and May 

are looking for 


TSB Thist Company Limited, the UnitThist 
investment and insuiance arm of the TSB 
Group is rapidly expanding. 

As a result of our growth, the Company 
Secretary now wishes to appoint a 
law graduate or chartered secretary as 
his assistant 

Ideally you will be aged between 20-30 
years, with approximately 2 years' 
experience of working in a similar 
environment The position will involve 
you in all aspects of company and 
commercial law, and therefore offers 
considerable scope for career 
development in a dynamic and 
expanding organisation for a young 
professional with commercial 

up to £16K package 

We offer an attractive salary and an 
excellent range of benefits which include 

* Mortgage subsidy 

* 24 days' holiday 

* Christmas bonus 

* Profit sharing scheme 

* Non-contributory pension scheme 

* 34& hour flexible working week 

* Subsidised restaurant 

* Sports & social dub 

If you are interested in applying for this 
post please telephone or write for an 
application form to Sally Anne Ungard 
Personnel Department 
TSB Dust Company Limited, 

Keens House. Andover 

Hampshire SP10 IPG. 

telephone Andover (0264) 56789 ext 2167. 

Finance Lawyers 

Slaughter and May invite applications from young solicitors who Want to join 
a first-class team of City lawyers engaged in corporate finance. 

The firm’s continuing success has meant an involvement in major bids and 
deals in the takeover field; it has meant an ever-increasing activity in all the exciting 
and intellectually challenging aspects of corporate finance; it has also created oppor- 
tunities for more young lawyers to join the team. 

A good academic background and an energetic approach are eseentiaL The 
friendly atmosphere provides congenial working conditions. Salary and benefits are 


Write now, with a detailed curriculum vitae, to: 

. -v-: ■_ Michael Pescod, 

Slaughter and May, 35 Basinghall Street, London EC2V 5DB. 




A small, well esta b lis h ed and 
progressive City legal practice which 
provides a c om prehensive service to a wide 
range of clients, some of whom are based 
overseas, has an immediate need for an 
ambitious and enthusiastic lawyer to assist 
with the development of the practice. The 
work is demanding and intellectnally 
s timu l ati ng and will involve a wide range of 
contentious and noa-cofxte&tiotxc ma tters ,' 
mostly of a commercial shipping nature 
i nclud ing ship finan cin g and 

Applicants should have 
good relevant experience, j f7 

sound academic background ml 

and commer cial jwrfgtwffi* ir wnbiivd with 
imag inat io n and a sense of bww iit Some 
ov er s ea s travel may be inwJw d. 

This is an outstanding career 
opportunity and it is intended to offer early 
partnership to the successful can di date who 
wiO be closely iznohed in the development 
of the practice. The salary and benefits, 
which will be commensurate with age and 
experience, will be very a ttract i v e. 

Please apply with fiallCV. quoting 
_ JH/13I tor- John H am il t on, 

51-53 High Street, 

'V Guildford, 

\V Surrey GUI 3DY 

\\ Teh 0483 374814. 

John Hamilton Associates 

. Legal Personnel & Management Consultants 


Chief Executive and Clerics 

Assistant Solicitors (2) 

Grade - P02 or TO3 
(£11,850 - £12,885 - £14,025) 
(Pay Award Pending) 

We are looking for able and experienced 
lawyers to handle the increased workload in 
our Tax Department 

Applicants should have a first class academic 
record and a sound knowledge of die prin- 
ciples. of corporate taxation. Consideration 
will also be given to applicants who are 
Chartered Accountants and now wish to 
pursue a legal career. 

The department' engages "in all aspects of 
corporate and individual tax and associated 
planning work, especially in the context of 
'mtemational ' business, and some experience 
of International tax planning would be useful. 
The rewards, professionally and financially, 
are very attractive. 

These two posts have been created as a 
result of a restructuring review in the De- 
partment. They are based in the Personal 
Services and the Planning, Highways and 
Legal Branches. 

For the former of these, posts the 
posthokler wifl be expected to provided ad- 
vice and guidance on a range of legal and 
associated administrative matters. Duties 
win include directing and controlling certain 
aBocated work in the section, preparing and 
vetting reports and undertaking advocacy 

on behalf of the County Council as directed. 

If you would like to find out more, please 
write sending a complete CV to Michael 
Charteris-Black, 14 Dominion Street London 
EC2M 2RJ. 

In the other post the postholder wiH provide 

legal advice and guidance to a number of 
departments. Duties wtB include advising 
departments on contracts and other related 
issues. Additionally it will be necessary to 
direct arid control work in the section and 
prepare and act as advocate for the Countv 
CouncB as required. 

Applicants must be suitably qualified and 

should be able to demonstrate some experi- 
ence gained m legal work. Previous Local 
Government is desirable but not essentiaL 

'/i( {fi/nan* 

Relocation' expenses up to £2.500 are pay- 
able m approved cases and temporary 
housing accommodation may be available 


Assistant Prosecutors 

Salary between 
£11,850 - £15,111 


Company/ commercial with 
international element 
£ attractive + car Aylesbury, Bucks 

We are a major manufacturer and exporter of cigarettes and we now have a challen ging 
opportunity for a Solicitor to join our Legal Services Department in Aylesbury. 
Reporting to the Head ofLegal Services you will provide professional advice to divisional 
management on our business activities both within the United Kingdom and overseas. 
This will involve some overseas travel. 

Badenoch & Clark 

® x p®r** on ^ 

Office of the Chief Prosecuting Solicitor, and 
in anuppation of its incorporation into the 
new Crown Prosecution Sendee, aoolica- 
tionsare invited from solicitors and 


witn fittte or no experience in advocacy win 
be considered for initial appointment on a 


From £16,000 


£20,000— £50,000 + Substantial Benefits 

rch but pros- 

annomtnrf laiifl l. L M 

Our client a leading Qty pradtoe. seeks two recently qualified 
SoHtUore to join their established and highly successful 
Corporate Tax department Dunes will include advising 
multinationals on the tax hnpikattons of mergers, acquisitions 
red corporate restructurings. Candidates should be qualified 
with a mtnlmiHn of ora gear's experience, preferably gained in 

atthCT Taxor Cotnpany/Commenrial work. 

Several of or dJents. some of the City's most successful 
Merchant Banka and Stockbrokers, seek additional staff at 
executive Manager and Assistant Director levels to Join their 
expanding Corporate finance departments. 

At ewcu&re level we welcome replications from SoUdtats 
aged UP' to 32 who are keen to makeacaraermoue. Csncfldates 
arouid have an excellent academic record and a top Qty ton 

Magistrate's Courts 
appointed wifl auton 

Prosecutors in Octo 

licence is essential. 

.1986. A full driving 

iur,her Wonnation. ring 

^2^ 2^939" ProSe0Utin9 ***$■ 

In your middle/late twenties with a good degree you should have at least 2 years’ post- 
admission experience in a commercial or industrial organisation. To meet the challenges 
of this role you will need a sound knowledge of commertial/compaoy law, excellent 
communication skills and the ability to work effectively in a fist moving commercial 
environment. Foreign languages would be an advantage. 

0B to an attractive salary, dependent on ability and experience, our excellent 
ckage indudes private medical insurance scheme and assistance with 
jepenses where appropriate. 

se write with full personal, career and salary details to Me R. T Knight, Personnel 
rations Manage^ Rothmans International Tobacco (UK) limited, Oxford Road, 1 

sbnry, Bocks. HP21 8SZ. / 


tooted have re excellent academic record red a tepCfy fan I I ftimCrji.iL— f - l4 „ . ' 

training. Experience of corporate finance related mattemfroni a | | APProraOll form and fwtfMT details for 

practice stredpoiriL whilst re obvious aduretage.te not earendal 1 1 W 

Our d tents, who indode a number of medium to large Gly 
practices, are seeking quahty law pea 10 strengthen their 
expanding droartmants- Experience in Pubbe and Private 
Company won Including USM flotations, full listings, merges 
and acquisitions would be aduantageous. Postttom east both h 
London and In Hong Kong, and the successful candidates can 
expect fine career prospecte and exceilmt remuneration. 

twl candidates wifl be expected to demonstrate re appreciation 
of the nature of ihewotk involved. 

■ - — a, ** fcW aw n lytotum pVOHIUUBl Wft|MMK»lbW 

wHWn a financial institution of Trwroers/acqi^^ 

l ? ues u ' oril essential. For aO me posbons. numeracy red 

Strong Interpersonal sWDa are prerequisites. 

Selattes wiD be c o rre e t iM ue and will attract a full range of 
banking benefits. 

For details of these and other positions, please contact JwBA 

LegaJ and Rnancial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01-583 0073 





fd Clerics 

citors (2) 

- £14.0251 

•. cres:ei 3S a 
ev. fre De- 
' :-te Personal I 
K:5tv.v3ys and j 


, v rtnfl 

:• - „ , 



r 199®’ 





This is an opportunity for a newly qualified 
solicitor or a lawyer with up to two years relevant 
experience to be involved in all aspects of English 
. and international trust law in the corporate and 
private fields. 

We are looking for someone with a good 
academic record and who is able to get on well 
with others. Most important is an enthusiasm and 
aptitude for trust law; sound, practical training will 
be given. 

The salary and benefits are very attractive and 
there are excellent opportunities for talented 

If you are interested please apply with full CV to: 
Mrs Alizoun Dickinson, 

Unklaters & Paines, 

Barrington House, 

59/87 Gresham Street, 

London EC2V 7JA. 


Osborne Clarke 


Osborne Ctarte is one of the leac&ng firms of soBatns 
in the West Country specialising in a wide range of 
mmpanyapdcor iiu ienJal work Ourdients Indude 
public aid private comparies and trading and profes- 
rional p artn ers hi ps Although we are based in Bristol, 
a significant proportion of our work is undertaken far 
cSents with natfami and intematfonai tatoests. 

Pastime to sedcabl^mthjsiastx: and eiqsenenced 
Asastant sofcftnrs to join our glowing Company/ 
Comma da l team. 

The rewards, professionally and financially, as weS 
as pasonafly ton fivmgfn the Wfest Country, are 

fiease write with pesonal and professional details 

loin Davis 

Osborne Clarke 
Sofcttom« Notaries 
30 Qum ChaHoOe Sbecc 
total B9W7QQ 



WeareoiKof the largest firms of commercial lawyers in London. 

Due to the contirruiqg demand from our clients for corporate tax 
advice vrm are seeking a further assistant to join our Thx Department, 
which currently comprises 10 professional staff. 

The post represents an ideal opportunity to specialise in corporate 
taxation for a recently qualified solicitor (outstanding September 1986 
qualifiers win be considered). The successful ranrUriare wtD preferably 
have had good experience of taxation or company and commercial 
■work, which will have prepared him or her for high lewd client contact 
. and wfll demonstrate a commitment to pursue a career in this 
» demanding but rewarding specialisation. As well as challenging client 
work there will be the opportunity to participate in the publishing and 
lecturing activities undertaken by other members of the Department 

. Pnospecteare fast dassaud to addition toastartfagsaJaiy dTat least 
£15.000 (plus bonus):' braining and paid study leave for the Instttuteof 
taxation qualification will be provided. 

Please write with details ofyour qualifications and career to date ■ 
to Ronald Gulliver Nabarro Nathanson. 76’Jermyn Street 
London SW1Y 6NR. 



Salary c. £12,500 

The Authority require a young ambitious Solicitor to undertake a 
wide range of legal duties in a busy office; the person appointed 
will be given every opportunity to gain experience of local govern- 
ment law and administration. 

The salary will be up to £12,500 depending on relevant experience; 
assistance with housing accommodation w31 be considered in 
approved cases; essential car use allowance; generous relocation 

Application Forms and farther details are available from the 
undersigned to whom all applications should be submitted by 4th 
August 1986, . 


■ Chief Executive Officer and Clerk 

Council Offices 
20 Fore Street, Williton 
TA4 4QA 



Applications are invited 

for apostiu the Legal AidHead 

Office in London- 

Applicants should have 
practical experience of civil or 
c riminal Legal Aid and 
preferably general admini- ^ 
stratum and committee work. 

Toga! Aid offers a wide variety 
of demanding work in. an 
facreasingly busy environment, 
subject to pressure both in 

terms of vohune and the 
standard required. 

• . Commencing salary, 

depending on age and 
* - “ _jn Wnm a rAnOP 

rising to £20,146 per annum 
phis £1,427 per annum Ixrodan 

menfesof £760. Thereare _ 

£25 ,153 per annum and £28,012 
per annum (excludng London 

Conditions of service 
include 25 working days leave 
and a contributory pension 
crhpTiip with dependants 

Applicants who would 
KIc p additional information are 
invited to telephone the Per- 
sonnel Manager on 01-353 7411- 

Write in confidence by 
the 1st of August, giving 
full details of education, 
experience, employment, 
present salary, and date 

Legal Aid Head Office, 

The Law Society. Newspaper 
House, 8-16 Great New 
Street, London, EC43BN- 


Senior Lawyer 

to £30,000 p.a. 

International Computers Limited. Europe's leading 
computer company, requires a talented and versatile lawyer 
who will be responsible to the Manager of ICL Legal Services, 
based at the corporate headquarters of ICL in Putney, London. 

Applicants for this senior position must have a good law . 
degree and at least 8 years' experience as a corrpary/comrnerdal 
lawyer, either in private practice or In industry Typically experience 
will include a variety of commercial and financial agreements, 
joint ventures, acquisitions, competition law, EEC lawand 
employment la w. Preferred candidates are likely to be in their 
30s and have legal experience in a fast moving, high technology 
environment .. " 

A willingness to work dosely with senior management in 
order to assist them in achieving Id's business objectives is 

Remuneration, including management bonus, will be up£30,000p^. .Other benefits include a company car and 
private medical insurance. 

Pease send details to John Uewellyn-Davies, 

Personnel Manager ICL ICL House, 1 Putney High Street 
Putney London SWI 5 lSW(01-788 7272 exL 2666). 

ICL is an Equal Opportunities Employer 

We should be talking to each other. 



Trower, Still & Keeling 


TROWER, STILL & KEELING require keen and 
industrious Property Lawyers to look after interesting 
and challenging residential and commercial property 
transactions. Preferably having about 3 years’ 
experience since qualification (Legal Executives must 
have specialised in conveyancing), candidates should 
be capable of meeting the quickest response deadlines 
and also have an effective manner when dealing 
directly with clients, whether private clients or 
officers of corporate dients, etc. 

Please send full curriculum vitae, in confidence, to: 

Trower, Still & Keeling 

5Neu> Square , Lincoln's hm, London WC2A 3RP 



Young solicitor with drive, initiative and good academic 
qualifications to deal with a wide variety of both private 
client and corporate matters. 

The person will act as assistant to the Partner concerned, 
but will be expected to assume responsibility and work 
with minimum supervision within a short period. 

We are an old established and expanding City practice and 
the position offers the diversity of general practice within 
the City environment. 

Opportunities will be commensurate with the abilities of 
the successful applicant 

Please apply in writing with full CLK for 
. . D. Collett 

Bentleys, Stokes & Low less 
Cereal House 
58 Mark Lane 

Capital Markets I 

Execution/Neeotiatiori 1 


leading European investment hank with a substantial presence in the international capital 
ufcets currently wishes to expand its specialist execution and documentation department. The 

ream is folly responsible for managing a mandate once it has been won, negotiating details with 
borrowers' and liaising with other departments as necessary to ensure die deal’s successful 
conclusion. They are also involved in product development and problem solving prior to the 
securing of mandates. 

Manager c£35, 000 + bonus + benefits 

Candidates will be experienced individuals, probably from the specialist department of a leading 
firm of City solicitors, or possibly with an investment hanking institution. A good knowledge of 
completing transactions across a range of products including Eurobonds, equities, CD’s, swaps. 
Euronotes and Commercial Paper would be of considerable benefit. 

Executive up to £27,500 + bonus 4- benefits 

The bank also requires a qualified solid tor. or possibly banister, with a good academic background 
and sound commercial judgement. Probably in their mid 20’s, candidates must have die 
commitment to succeed in a highly competitive field, with a flair for problem solving and the 
ability to work in a small and very professional team. Although not essential, previous exposure to 
the international capital markets would be an advantage. 

Career prospects are excellent in this highly regarded institution which is at the forefront in its 
field, with a reputation for innovation and a strong presence in all die major markets. 

Those interested in these opportunities should contact Christopher Smith on 01-404 5751 or 
write to him at 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH, quoting reference 3653. 

Michael Page City 

International Recruitment Consultants 
London Brussels NewVbrk Baris Sydney 
A member of the Addison Page PLC group 

This appointment based at our client’s West Midlands headquarters, provides an 
■ ideal opportunity for a young (25-30) Solicitor looking for acareer in commerce. 
The post offers the successful candidate a wide range of company secretarial and 
legal responsibilities. Our client is an international Group listed on the London 
Stock Exchange with interests in over 30 countries. 

- - Your responsibilities will encompass the complete secretarial function 
including compliance with company legislation and Stock Exchange 
regulations, the administration of various share option schemes, the preparation 
7 of interim announcementsand Annual Reports and dealings with Gty 
institutions on a varied range of topics. In addition you wiifbe responsible for 
liaison with UK and overseas legal advisers across abroad spectrum of 
commercial law matters. 

You will be capable of working to the stringent professional standards 
required for this post 

The salary package is dependent upon experience and includes a car and 
Private Medical Insurance. Relocation assistance will be given if required. 

Please telephone Barrie Witt on 021-455 6255 (office hours) or 
06845 66477 (evenings) or write to him with fall CV quoting ret LS267 at 
Austin Knight Selection, Iricom House, a a • 

SSS. Alston 

JS Knisntm 
MBf Selection 

Baker &: M9Kenzie 



Baker & MPKenzie, Hong Kong, have vacancies for one 
lawyer with between one and two years and one lawyer with 
between three and five years experience in a specialised 
intellectual property practice in the United Kingdom. 

They will join a substantial and developing practice which works 
closely with other offices of Baker & MPKenzie in the Asia- 
Pacific region and elsewhere. 

Excellent prospects exist in an exciting and stimulating 
environment. Attractive salaries likely to be in excess of £28,000 
per annum with bonus and £40,000 per annum with bonus 
respectively will be offered together with other benefits. 

Applications in writing, with full CV, should be sent to 
Blair Wallace, Partnership Secretary, Baker & MfKenzie, 

Aldwycb House, AJdwych, London W C2B 4JP. 

Meredith Scott 

EC± Commercial Conveyancing. EC4: 
Probate/Trust/Tax. Wl: Mixed Conveyancing. 
EC2: Commercial Litigation. EC I: 
BanUng/Finaace. EC2: Company CommerciaL 


Major EC2 practice reqtrines lawyers minimum 2 
yis qualified. 

Solicitor, at least 2 yis admitted for substantial 
EC2 practice. 


Medium sized Fleet Street practice seeks solid un- 
admitted in or before 1984. 


Inns practice require solicitor minimum 2 yrs ad- 

Meredith Scott Recnritment 

17 Fleet Street, London EC4Y 1AA 
\ 01-583 0055 or 01-541 3897 (after office his) / 


£16,146 - £17,223 
Pay Award Pending 

A solicitor with drive and ambition is reqraed in tbe Legal 
Section of tin Chief Executive & Town Clerk's department 
Ttiks challenging post offers responsibility and a variety of 
work at senior level including committee attendance and 
planning work, but with an emphasis on work arising from 
the Council's active involvement in shopping and industrial 
development projects. An atrifRy to work under pressure as 
part of a mutti-discipRne team is viral. 

Assistance with housing. Removal expenses in fufl. Superan- 
nuation scheme. Haaftne. 

Fatter partcofers and » appficaOn form, to be 
retomedby 111b August 1938 may be obtained 
from flte Remand & Management Sendees Offi- 
cer, Town HaH, Watford WD1 3EX. (let Watford 
40175. 24 hoar ansaphoae) 

Ref: 0/101/86. 

The Counci) is an Equal Opportunities Employer 







A vital role in a challenging commercial environment 

UIS is a well established and highly diversified company providing software 
products, services and consultancy to UK commerce and industry. 

Our Legal Department is of vital importance to the continuing success of our 
operations, and we now seek an experienced Legal Executive to deal with all general 
legal matters. 

Reporting to the Finance Director, you will undertake all legal work relating to 
properties, the maintenance of company insurances, sales and purchase contracts, 
credit control and trademark registration. From time to time, 
you will also perform ad-hoc Board projects. mg m 

This is an important position ideally calling for a M M 

numerate qualified solicitor or legal executive with sound M M 

relevant experience and commercial awareness. A 

thorough understanding of software is also necessary. M M i 

Salary, prospects and benefits will reflect the M M M 

importance we place on recruiting the right person. ^^^M 

If your qualifications and experience match our 
requirements, contact Helen Gardiner, Human M M M 

Resources Director, United Information Services M M M 

Limited, Apex House, 4a-10 West Street. Epsom, M M M 

Surrey KT18 7RG. Tel: Epsom (03727) 29655. 




£3,657 - £7,449 starting 
salary according to age and 

This post offers an excellent 
opportunity for a keen, enthusiastic law 
graduate to gain a wide experience in 
the legal department of this busy 
London Borough. You will have the 
chance to acquire practical appreciation 
of various aspects of the Council's legal 
activities whilst at the same time 
working under qualified supervision. 

Preference will be given to well qualified 
law graduates and those who have 
completed, or are about to complete 
the Law Society's final examinations. 
Application forms and further details 
obtainable from Miss S. Chitty. 
Personnel Section. Gvic Offices, St 
Nicholas Way, Sutton, Surrey SMI 
1EA. Tel: 01-661 5149. 

Closing date 7 August 1986. 





Vk are a tong established and expanding 
commercial soUdtors practice where an opportunity 
now exists to develop a career in the area of 
pensions law. 

The wort wffl indude drafting pension related 
documentation, advising on pension low and 
administration, and the inception of self admirdstered 
pension schema. Ynt will form part of an expanding 
and hardworking team. 

Training will be supplied and the position will 
ideally suit a person reaching the end of articles, or 
recently qualified. 

A competitive salary is on offer and relocation 
expenses »IB he paid. 

Applications in writing with full coma details 
should be marked “STRICTLY PRIVATES 
CONFIDENTIAL” and sent to- MrD M I ones. 

Edge & Ellison; 

Harwell Pritchett & Co. 


BaUrad Hew. l«8Erfro«il4 Sheet. BrnBlngtoi B3 2)R. 021-236 7022 



c. £35,000 + car 

Our clients, a well-known international 
company, seek a senior lawyer to bead their 
London legal department with area respon- 
sibility for the UK and Europe. Wide- 
ranging commercial work. Salary 

74 Long Lane, London EC1 Teh 01-606 9371 


Small and friendly firm require an- 
other residential/commercia I 
conveyancer and also a litigation 

For either vacancy please 

Richard Thomas or 
Martin Poupard 
01-460 4661 


Require an ambitious young solicitor with ai least one 
vcars post qualification experience to assist in a sub- 
stantial domestic and commercial conveyancing 
practice. Ability to work under pressure whilst retaining 
a sense of humour will be rewarded with a very attrac- 
tive salary and real partnership prospects. Please apply 
to Mr Ronald Nathan, at Ronald Nathan and Co. 
Fairchild House. Redboume Avenue, Finchley N3 

01-346 7741 


Quality riurlMd at ntliiwm 
OH- prjrluv lor jmMUOIK So 
link* at up to 3 vrs PQC 
Salary t<j CSfOK Law PrmmnH 

01 M 2 1281 lAiMUtionr after 
Iiibimm noursi 

UIS i 



East Sussex 

Cripps Harries Half seek a newly 
qualified, or shortly to be qualified, 
solicitor to join a busy and expanding 
conveyancing team at its Crowborough 
office, making full use of information 
technology systems, to deal with a 
wide variety of property work in close 
liaison with the conveyancing partner. 

Competitive salary and excellent 
career prospects. 

Please write with C. V. to: 
Frank Reynolds 
Cripps Harries Hall, 

84 Calverley-Road, 
Tunbridee Wells TNI 2UT 

Tunbridge WellsTNl 2UP 
Telephone: 0892 26277 

H AL L 44 #1 

School of Business and Social Scieoces 
Lecturer 11/Senior Lecturer 
in Law 

£8358 - £13227 / £12240 - £15327 

Apubcan'oRs be invited tor a lectureship In Law to commence from 
1st October or as soon as passible thereafter. No perbadar subject 
specialism is sought although a wttngness Bid ability to teach taw in 
its sodal and economic context wurfd be partiaiarfy advantageous. 
Applicants should have an Honours Degree in Law. A tagter degree 
and a record of research and piAUcabons would be added advan- 
tages. as would experience of legal practice. 

Infamsl enquires can be made to toe Head of the Law Academic 

Group. Phil Parry, on Hertford (0932) 558451 
Apptotion forms and further details from the i 

lie. P.0. Box 109. Hatfield, Herts, or | 

the Staffing Officer. The 

Please quote (Menace 139L 

Dnrisfea sf Bisicess 

Research Assistant 

£5823 - £8606 

Applications are sought for a research assistant to assist in toe 
development of toteiLgem Computer Aided Learning systems in 
business. The prospective carxfidate should have an interest in Artifi- 

cial Intelligence ana a knowledge of microcomputer implementations 
ot MODULA 2. PASCAL or C would be an advattaga 
Appfecants should have a good dess honours depee in computer 
science or a related disdpEne and be prepared to pursue this research 

to MPhil level The appointment is tenable for two years. 

Fiittier information may be obtained from Mr R J Ryan, Head cl toe 
Division at Business on Hertford 558451. 

forms and hither details from the Staffing Officer. The 

Hatfield Potyttecmc. P.0. Box 1 09 HstftehL or phone HBfietd (07072) 

Please noote r efer en ce 148. 

Ctoswg daw ter each d Be above posts is 8ft Aagasf ISffc 





to assist n the preparation and publ i catio n ot tfttj loose leaf of 
currant social legislation. 

Each past raquras a good undaretamhng at Brash sacral tagbtation and 
the away to summarise complex tegisaton r cfav language. Legal 
quaftatjons preferred. 

Sabrf FutMxne: £9341 -£ 11 828 + £1365 London Weighting pa. Pal-time 
#3 days a m m £5605-£7t87 + £879 London WdgMng pi 
Wnte to the Persxml Officer, NCVP. 26 Beotord Square. London WC1B 
3HU tor further denis. Closing date tor completed apt* c a nons . a Aunst 

NCVO b si equal aoportunttes employer. 


Tolley Publishing Company Ltd have a vacancy for 
an Editor in their Legal Books Division which pub- 
lishes mainly in the areas of company and employment 

Applicants should have some experience in these 
areas. Pull training will be given on the editorial and 
publishing duties and full support in maintaining pro- 
fessional expertise. Market salary. 

Telephone or write, including C.V: 

Eric Harvey, Deputy Managing Director, 
Tolley Publishing Company lid, Tolley House, 
17 Scarbrook Road, Croydon. Surrey. CEO 1SQ 

01-686 9141 



■-/ .V 
■ ,o ;- 





Marriott Corporation is a U.S. - based, leading interna- 
tional hotel management company with operations in 
Europe, the Middle East and Africa. We are seeking a high 
calibre solicitor with 2-4 years of post-qualification experi- 
ence for our London Regional office. 

Reporting directly to the Law Department in Washington 
D.C., you will be responsible for legal matters involving 
the operations of existing hotels and the development of 
future hotels. Your duties will include advising, negotiating 
and drafting on: labour matters, conveyendng and real 
estate, financing, management relations, concessions, 
government and consumer affairs, and secretarial ser- 
vices for u.K. - based subsidiaries. 

We are seeking an able lawyer with at least four 
years experience to join a successful team which 
deals with all aspects of individual, trust and /. 
corporate tax planning, and particularly witb 
UK and International Clients requiring creative 
advice and a positive approach. The position _ 
would be attractive to applicants who want the 
satisfaction of guiding and advising clients ... 
personally. Consideration will also be given to . 
experienced Banisters wbo wish to change 


r. ^ •' 

It is intended that the successful applicant will 
be invited to become a partner within z- - 
relatively short period. The terms offered will '» 
be attractive for this important appointment. - 

■ ■ 

You should be a generalist with a background in opera- 
tions, financing and property. Foreign language ability is 
desirable. Some travel to Europe and U.SA. is required. 

Salary and benefits negotiable. Respond with resumes to: 

ApplicationSjaccompanied by a full Curriculum 
Vitae, should be sent in confidence to: 

Richard Moyse, Boodle Hatfield, 

Brookfield House, 44 Davies Street, 

London W1Y2BL. 

Marriott Hotels & Resorts, Quadrant House, 80-82 
Regent Street, London W1R 6AQ, Attn: Mark 
Dobson Esq 

UTKA1WI Opportunity for UU- 
brr. raornmtm Litigator M 

undflMkr » «* ranging 
workload ai expanding west 
End pranirr. Exnflml pun- 
peris and salary. taw 
Personnel 01-242 1281 

■Ansa phone after huslne» 

PROMTS * TRUST udm fart, 
norvhlp prospects Dorxei 
Cl2k+ Mary Male Accord 
Prrtonncl. 0936 815506 

shtr<- Conveyancing ExrrtKol 
partner*™® prowets. salary 

C9-1O.00O negotiable Regency 
legal Bureau 0295 66682 

wolds. Ad milled 35 86 to 
CIH Wessex Consul um is 

0936 25185 

nal Hants ClSfc. Mary Male 
Accord Personnel 0938 

tenth- guaWtod fed lor for 
1 TriKK and Prluw CJJrnl work 
HKlhlt comprtllhe Mlary al»d 
Innqe benefits. Law PmemiH 

01 242 1281 ‘AlittMMinc after 
tnnmm hoursi 

TAXATION Corporair Taxation 
ODtwrlunirv al major Central 
Loudon irdfllrr Signrflcant at- 
an amt good p i aspec t s (or 
riilitnefeolirllor Law Personnel 
01 242 1281 lAmaphone after 
MeJiioss hours i 


Applications are invited for the post of trainee trade mark 
agent in F. J. Cleveland & Company, a firm of Chartered 
Patent Agents located in Central London. 


, I. - 4 

The Applicant should ideally be a graduate, under 30, but need 
have no experience in trade marks. Those graduating this year 
will be considered. 



A competitive salary will be ottered taking into account back- 
ground and experience. 

an required for the taflorag 
Office of the Attorney 

.. . 

Please apply with curriculum vitae giving your 
reasons as to why you consider yourself suitable for 
the post to: 

Mr. A. P. Bernard 
F. J. Cleveland & Company 
40/43 Chancery Lane 
London WC2A 1JQ 





Ten years practice as a 
Barrister in Ireland or the 
United Kingdom. 

Eight years practice as a 
Barrister in Iretand. 

Salary: IR£31,668 

Upper age limit: 45 years 

Sidary range: IR£24,744- 
IR£27 t 641 


5- '* ... 

; ' STUi;; r . 

J .. r. 

* W” ' 

£ a^-e. 

Our dienL a well respected Cty firm, is fookic 

lady or gentleman to act as Company Secretary for cer- 
tain companies whose mastered omces are .with the 

lain companies whose itpstercd offices are .with the 
firm. Responsibilities will indude keeping registers up to 
dale and ensuring forms are filed at Companies House 
ini lime and other, more generaL company secretarial 


Experience in certain post- Experience in certain post- 


Required in all 

tions in the Civil Service in 
Ireland or the United Kingdom 
may be counted up to a maxi- 
mum of five years for this 

tions in the Civil Service, in 
Ireland may be counted up to 
a maximum of four years for 
this competition. 

gy. a <r~-r«3 


Closing Date : 31st July, 1986. 

01-248 1139 

AppBcatkm forms and further details from: 

Although a formal qualification b not a pre-requisite, 
relevant experience would be an advantage. The position 
would sort someone who has been unsuccessful at sitting 
solicitors final exam matrons but is keen to remain in 
private practice. World ng conditions are csceUenL 
Contact Chat W— ■ at 


2nd Floor 

31 Sa^hnncon Bam 
Load** WC1B 5HJ 
Daytfane idcgfeane — bw 831 2288 
ETcrain** and Weckrads 748 0289 

LUKUmON Senator require* by 
bun Norib London firm. Sau- 
ry arrordUig to age and 
npmenre. TrJwOone 01-800 

6868. (tof DC. . 

The Secretary, Civil Sendee Conmtission, 
t Lower Grand Canal Street, Dubfin Z 

T-- ■■■ 

r - • ■ ' 


f/ tf™"-::.- L 

by BucktngftamatilrF pracuee. 
Applicants stiomd «Hltcr b» 
nrwiy buaUftcU sol id i or*, have 
up to 2 yrars eamam or a 
mal tutoiuw wtw h*s 
w*-cUJ>*rd in nummonial aod 
aftlUatM areas <d law. datre i 
Wiseman al Gabriel Dotty Con- j 
sullancy. 2nd Floor. 31 . 
Southampton Row. London : 
WC1B 6HJ. Tel: 831 2288. 

soucnrat/LEOM. e»mm> 
required for wea respected Lon 
non prantce to work on 
conveyancing caseload. Mainly 
domestic matters but with the 
opportunity to cover lome com- 
mercial cases IT to desired. 
Claire Wiseman at Gabriel Duf- 
fy CBRsuOanor. aid Floor. 31 
Southampton Row. London 
WCIB SHJ. Tel: 831 2288. 

■MNB YOUNG TMNG Adnritlcd 
or unaainuied to do unsuper- 
vtaed conveyancing prooote 
WIB drafting £SWt for N.Q. 
■ Vortv Mary Male. Accord Per- 
sonnel. 0936 81BS06 
Conveyandng Probate West 
Verbs p.p. £8«ik. Mary Male. 
Accord Personnel 0935 


good Pool Ad experience lor ex- 
panding Kent practice, suiting 
-Marta* for N.Q. £lOk & up- 
wards. Mary Male. Accord 
■ PereonocL 0930 810006 
«muy sought for Somerset 
FVacUcr cEia**.- Mary Male. 


A ’ ■ - ■ 

r%m »»• 

!i. ..; !-. 

3*» ruarsari 



STcrei: . . .. 

To assist with drafting Company and Commercial 
Documentation and to deal with Domestic and other 
Conveyancing. Training can be given for the Com- 
mercial aspects of the job. Please either telephone 
Mr P Giddlns on 0202 673676 or write to: 

Mr OP. Mather 
Warner Goodman & Street 
14 Portland Terrace 
Southampton, Hampshire S09 4ZQ 


lasu. - - 

ir • 


A top quality young lawyer is sought to join this 
major City dealing company to wont in the area of 
compliance in the new regulatory environment The 
position is a new one offering very considerable pros- 
pects for an exceptionally able person, and whDc 

experience of the securities industry is not essential a 
genuine interest in the markets will be looked for. as 
will the preparedness to become fully involved in the 
ranning of an independent, highly successful and ex- 
panding company. Salary entirely negotiable. 

Please send CV M Martin Whitlock. South New 
Court Pit, Cbetwynd House, 24 St Switfata's Lane, 
London, EC 4 N 8 AT 



We have exciting 
vacancies for 
Solicitors seeking 

AD these positions 
offer attractive 
salaries and good 

gnv 'Personnel 

i> rcnuirr- an mfetanl admlrcod 

1-5 wjr-i lor mainly Duration 
work Grad prmptci,. Tvte- 
phonp 01 250 3015 

Start specialise to me 
legal profession norttmae WM 
JftAlflM'Cb Linton WC2B 4JF 
W 01-242 1281 
isisaphone afte» office noors) 

Our Clients, a very substantial and fast expanding commercial practice in 
HONG KONG with a broad base of high quality corporate and; banking 
clients and some elements of PRC work, require a commercial aqd a 
litigation Solicitor. 

The former to be experienced in banking and finance law, though more 
general experience is desirable. 

The latter will, with minimum supervision, handle heavy commercial and 
general cases. 

i kststa 




k- ..• 

5'resr-.. > • ‘ 

1 V\ :.’r 3-;’- 

Both applicants should have at least 4 years qualified experience preferably 
with substantial city firms. 

■JJteas to* 

W-736 7 53l j 

Highly competitive salary and benefits (both negotiable) with, early partner- 
ship prospects for applicants who intend to make a medium to tong term 
career in the challenging financial centre of Hong Kong. 

Replies in confidence with C.V. to:- 


9 Kmgsway WC2B 6YF 
(Ref: RJ/RW) 
before end July 1986 


l« or nan Kin- with Thnm 
Valtov Mbcilon. List Weuex 
Consul lan Is 0936 25183. 
wm Midlands. Qua Uly work 
HICK. W«s*nt Consuftanlv 
0935 25183 


menial MB Cornwall L15k+ 
Marv Mato. Accord Person 
net. 0935 815806 

ESTATE oeVEL OmP fT and 

general conveyancing Swvt 

llrm Lndrr AS. L13.SK Wcv 

tr\ Consuilsnb 09A6 251B3 
puce LIST or cowiUy vacanctn 
at idirm from £7.000 io 
C2 5.000 aiambm A Partners 
01-406 9371. 

l£CAL EXECUTIVE unitor 36 
Conveyancing W«l Midlands 
Cl OK V»rttoxCott6Ultanl»0935 

General uugauon Salop CiOK 
kiwi Consul unis 0935 

merger >c solicitor rroulrrd ss 
soon as mBSJbto to Wn young 
nwcgnUc pracUrr in Wey- 
mouth. Salary negMMhto plus 
perauidtos. Bias towards llUga- 
Don and mminal advocacy 
wtin ohm at general practice. 
Dn«mg licence etrtUi. Carty 
inienlFW and deewon. Reply 
wllh fuU C.V to NO F9*- 



SoOcdw reorfBd torcomyac- 
nt g/ probate, rrttt minimum 
svpemsm Attractive salary tor 
tight whom. WJ nth C.V. 

yrwtnas C nss wurn 6 Lee 

12 HU S Hem 

Ref: D-Mfenbof. 



The post requires experience in commercial con- 
tract typing and the ability to cope with pressure 
as well as fully competent Word Processing, 
shorthand and audio typing. 

Salary opto £10,000. 

Please apply in writing with full; 

Katy McGuinness 

Palace Group of Companies 

16 * 17 Wardour Mews 
London Wl 


Legal mao Sec for 
foentSy hardworking ksar- 
natfonal softdtora in VHC2. 
Salary Up ID £9£00. 

01-831 2741 

(No agencies) 

e- RjfirV;:.*- 

■*V^r» 1 





* Senior Partner ot busy firm * 

* m EC* needs Sec (sudic^ it 

* wttrt 3 yeare exp In com.'* 

* party law. Please ring * 

* Berbers at * 

* Meridian Rec Cons on *■ 

* 01-335 6474 . * 

* . * 

Dos to expansion. I am tod** 
fix too very nibHaus pwwin 
they must be rim* 23-30 «d 
wilt work nttttn a kaftio 
tSty/Wtet End Orotetn eaffw o 
*|w*. meoya mcoow wUe 
ttanna itang steeply. No prcri*. 

ous expartence oecascay as M 
traning w0 be ghw. 

For confidential kOovWm 

Ring: Coffn Snuth 
01-499 3310 

domestic a gatering 



Biev nroirundnul *1“ gwtwai 
civil. C1SK W««nt Conud- 

UIUS 0935 25185 


NonnanL-v. Ernph**' nwtmntv 
mal and crluto ClOk Wessex 
Convulianls 093B 23183. 
MATHIMOMAL. rconi eyonrtng 
feolinisr Hampehirc C1«K 
Mnrv Mato. Accord Person- 
nel 0435 816806 
ancing Solicitor 3 years I9W Ad 
H.-inh CIS*. Man- Male. Ac 
c ord Perso nnel. 0935 815606 
BAfUUSTUI lor commercial and 
lax planning wort will Cotv 
wolds voi triton C12K Wrcxx 
Consultants 0935 26183. 

LmOATMM souerros ■ We 

need an energetic enimnladlr 
Sobcnor (or our Winchester 
branch The cumeslul asoll- 
cant will head the Litigation 
Denari morn and will oral with 
criminal and civil HUgaHon and 
nvunmomal manerc. a healthy 
apneine tor work and an abtllls 
lo expand (urlher Oik side of 
our practice are aha enenOal. 
Rewarth are a young, friendly 
environment, good salary and 
parlneniiip prognb for the 
ngtn pman. EJiher apply wiih 
lull CV io T W Payne. Brutton 
& Co. 17 SouihuMe fetreM. 
winchmer. SOS3 PEA or tele, 
phone lor more inlBrmallon on 
1 0962i 6863? 

Admiurd 85 86. To CIW W«- 
wi CmmIMi 0936 25183 

Done, (a CSV Man' Male Ac- 
cord Personnel 0935 815506 

TAX PLANNING wiin quality 
Central London wllciton. Bar 
iWw i or acmuntanh wrtcome 
CCk Weiaeji Consultants 
0035 261 85. 

cmGNAL ADVOCATE Wiltshire 
C16k Man- Male Accord (AT 
VO I u Ml 0935 815506 


We ore a rapidly expanding firm ofSoHators in W5 and 
we currently offer a bey administrative rote with its own 
areas of reqxmsibiHty pins provision of secretarial 


a challenging and rewarding career move for a nata- 
ral co mm tin ica Lor who inn remain cheerful imAr 
pressure. The position requires proven administration 
ability, initiative and first class presentmon. Excellent 
aalarv to match age and experience phis luncheon 

P/m can Jessy Newbery os 01-567 3477 or write 
ra cie tiag CV te C A uthotn Prince 1 Co, 

77 Uxbridge Rd, London W5. 



fcqute camqmciag sufio sso- 
rctiry. Variad-dutes god scope 
for attWDomera. ■ 

Tet 01-242 B0T7 ; 
Cal) Mr. B. Maria. 
(No Agonies) 

Mana ger. Super 
Sf* preg fo B om Art 

OaUmr. Sril young cnutuctas- 
Mm. 9.00 - 
5.00. Fhe days. Oi 377 6182. 
Ein&MewgK 01-602 36 12. 
O M AIiNTEp, wpi n wcro Na» 
-y. yr old ditto in 

Jordan wondng aitearid* Bift- 
em Nmios. PhS? 0990« 


^ arwLLooctan Wl. 

Trt- 4J» 6S54.UIC Orerwm 
- Aim nyKJps Odens Kn ui p orm 


RETANtCS. Temps £6 20 ph. 
permanent* UP to CIOSOO. 29 . 
Maddox SL. London Wl.-Ol- 
493 0 CM 5 . 


MUW IA— % fee Archdsds A 
■"Win Permanent * lerapn- 
Rec Cbm.- oi 734 0532 

J. in co ntrac ts . 
1. claims and bv 

»Mfional athfostfon-wWi 
commscW/riiKiigttrfal 6x- 
perience seeks interesting 
»sitk» ot rasponafofiity 
w&i prospocts. ; 

asi fo Mr 



? wiih 


Sl *son 

**« the 
! Dr 

2v *n to 



td ^il] 


A1 AaiM athmt uca ncnti 
cu be a ccep ted by .telephone 
(except Awwuncc wui ml. The 
dtadhiK is iOOpra 1 days prior 
n (wMcuioa lie SJOpra Mob> 
day lor Wednesday). Should 
yon*oh to tend an advertise- 
arm in wriuaf pine 
your daytime phone number. 

MWPt Bouoofr tnnd MH& 
omy 1 owner, ooed ceruanoa. 
iMtntalnnf by a-Etraaowood A 
Sara £1.500 ana. Trt 0243 
612301 . HMf ItrL DI2094- 
avremwi nwfc ra h. 

BrauUfui uw. mmem roatmi 
ML Both brawn case. Cl-400. 
Haimmunv 073088 Ml 

HACK tlUWAY upright 
No79fi2S. Bnuiuful IWt nu w W . 
CljbfiO. THdMDF 01-946 

LACOCK AHrr, WUte. Baraou* 
tnuair. Untwr MHna 1-3 Au- 
gust '630.7.00 HD. Eaa- 
Ktm MS. TN: 034 973 227 or 
01-937 0684. 

-Mndea) wrai qi Trust uittn 
your -do nati o n or ttgacy. PO 
BOX lO. ftadalnck. .JSatb BAS 
3YB. I 

ART SlUBarr, tncUgttar for I BOUMYFU1t«iwwnntll- 
granu witn ptare a) lop London | abtr. C200-C3.000PW. Personal 
CMIegr sraks snonsor for fees/ I Smico. 01-468 3680 or 0836- 
anwnscs. nab to BOX AAO . I 098834 anytime m. 

ST KNOTS WOOO - Hotttav M. 
My drnonfui 2 Deanna garden 
Rat can Be yours roc £230 pw 
Tel: Ot 783 7878 or 686 3992 

cosrornm on 
to Europe, luSA ft ibom dnnna- 
ram. Diplomat Travel: 01-730 


La s» minute ItOI Mays. (09231 
77l26624nni. Tintway Kob- 
daw. ABTA ATOL 1107. 

CHEAP FUCMTS Cvrovr World- 
MOf. GM-COgr Travel: ABTA 
01639 BOSSJttno A note 

BmiTrnATHOI 386 6414. 

Haynurtut 01-930 1366- 


mawr nrkes. Dighh ft 
Mbdavs Freedom Houdaya. 
OI 741 4Mb. ATOL 432. 
Bed notutavs anywhere. Sky 
Trtnrl 01 834 7426. ABTA . 
UIMJpUHTS iN/ELronomy uric 
eta. Try us last. ruOHT- 
BOOKEHS 01-387 9(00. 


CRUSE Tarfce* 12 berth crewed 
motor yartit 2 wlu Ir £426 PP 
W IHx Whole ooai aiauaole 
oilier werlii Irom £1000. Free 
W Sports, h.b. 01 326 1006. 
AM 2091. 


L. .T.C. Open Sal. 0763 687036. 

ter TTatel. OI 486 9237. IATA. 

till. TrairiwM. Abia.AM- 

SPAM. Portugal. Csmm4 Him. 
Biggies OI 736 8191. ATOL. 

SWVTZCIKAND Scheduled fllghla 
Ol 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

TAKE TIME OPT to Parts. Am- 
drntam. Brussels. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dubtm. Rouen. Bou 
Mope ft Oteone. Time Off. 2a. 
Chester Ouse. London SW1X 
780 01-236 8070. 


oane. MartxfiA ft Soulh Of 
France. AU villas have own 
pools. Palmer ft Parkor. 01-493 

£295nw Trt: Ol 352 8895 fOL 
FULHAM. Soocfous 1 dM bed fl*L 
Rend, filled ill ft oath. Mr wops 
ft transport. Avail now 3 mite. 
£1 lO p.w. Tel 01-743 7818. 
Kecsmgton. Col TV 24hrswhdL 
tlx. ColUngham AMS 373 6306. 
IT JAMES 8W1. Luxury 2 Bed 
fully I urn serviced apt nr parfc- 
01-373 6306 CTL 


BOREMAM WOOD prof t for M* 
nous new hw. or. all 
amen I lies. SO mins City by 
tram. CSOpw. Tel: 01 207 
6843. after 6pm- 


In lux mats wim gdn nr river. 
£60 pw bid iage-26+l. Day -Ol 
437 7822. EvM-360 1617. 




irs P^ctice as a 

‘n Ireiand. 

:e * :m it 45 years 
<nge: IRE24.744. 

R certain posi. 
C«l! Service in 
« counted up to 
feur years to 

us from: 

sisn 2 . 


2 ! practice in 
3 -t j tanking 

e-p 2 * and a 
•nciigfc ^ 3rS 
r.^erciai 2 ^ 

c? preferably 

U -I 



Save with Swissairt 
Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva dally on con- 
venient afternoon 
flights. And daily 
flights to Basle 
(except Sundays). 
Book and pay Mdays 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Sunday aflerarrivaL 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 


r r.ik\ 



up UP & AWAY 

Nairobi. JeTteg. Cam Drtai. 
lsanboL Singapore. ILL DeUu. 
Bangkok. Hong Kong.. Sydney. 
Europe. & The Americas, 
niiiilmr “ J 
76 State*** 

Undod WJV 7DG. 

01-439 0102 

Opea SNurttej lft«0-13J» 





★ ★1ST CLASS** 



* KOBAHT * * ADBiUOt* 

.* JOBUffi * * S tffflC* -* 


* FU * *PT MO^Y 6 

ft BANGKOK ft ft 

ft sgGAPORE * *. 

ft sgCAPORE ft *. *H!St t 

* DUBAI - - ft ■ * BAHRAIN ft 

* WO EAST ft ft HMRMB ft 

ft LUSAKA ft 

* Tenant * 
« L AMCUES ft 

ft ft HARARE ft 
ft ft WKOUVER ft 
ft ft HUM ft 

ft* SOUTH *MBBCA ftft 
ft USA ft USA ft USA *USA ft 


(EM’d 1969) 




Ante Creek fimriljr oflfcr l»n»- 
ufnT private vfllas/aodKK. 
some whb pod*, some on the 
beach & wme locked way m 




MEMORGA VUK. wmr wltn 
pools, a oa rirecu l a. Uvwnss. an 
4oM avail. July specials. Mgh 
season from £125 Crttic Holi- 
days. Ol 309 7070 Bi 0622 
677071 OT 0622 677076 (24 
hrsi AkH 1772. 

MEMORCA. Private Holiday 
Houses. For August A tale sum- 
mer availability can Patricia 
WUUMOOd Lid 0249 817023 or 
Ol 668 6722. ABTA Aim 1276. 





COMIH BEST. Eiuov a ouM 
holiday in unspoilt Kamlnakl. 
Gorgeous swfmmui*. superb 
views, villas lor 26. vctwbulrrt 
atoms Irom Heathrow on 
Thursdays, lorn me tew 
Sunscane Hobdays. Ol 948 
6747 ABTA. 

BHICL UraPOUl BIoimh. cheap 
(1Mhls.vUla rentals rtc. ZmmHoI 
Idays. 01-434 1647. AM AHB. 


Beauktul «Bm A jms dose to 
gkraus hMdw. FREE wndufng 
t Crate. Avaibbitoy ItwouohnU the 
summer. Ute ttt&Mto/ Shathos 
25/7. Curtate* 28/7. 

0403 59788 

Aim «ro RTCL wsz 



CRETE A sxunm BeaunM 
vlki apts 

Close to oteteB beactes- 
FREE wndsufing m Crete. 



The most beouliful place 

you've never heard o) 

e ring ter our malL 

■codly brochutE. 

ATOL 1922 

bargain fughts 

Sydney E3M ffl99 

Awdand £415 G745 

SBSL ^ 1 

HE lira s 

Los Angd05E2TB *399 

01-370 6237 



Fly Savely 
July Anger flights to 






01-995 3883/4/5 

Simply Fly 

ATOL 1922 


TUMOtY- h Kt u me *S'? a 2 r * 
available, direcl fligtiis. 29 Jtey. 
B. 12 Aug from £269. Turtdsh 
DrtteM Holidays. Ot_ 891 
6469124)1171. ATOL 20*7. 


Parti w> NYOW tm 
FranUun ^ 

Lagos ^ 

SSSi £53 £2822“ ms 

ST 1 gs SKS&ll 

MOM ^ 

rang KonggiO CaJaaa MS 

sSfsANP _ 



t - ' 3 NORTH AFRICA. 

SKI WEST bumper brochure out 
now packed with all the m>p re- 
ran*. Sunday fUgnis ibrat the 
trafnm. and amazliMy taw 
prices starting at £59. Rtagun* 
786 9999 lor your copy. 
ABTAA9256 ATOL 1583. 


47 Resorts in Stetarteat 
Aadm. Fr*xe & Italy. 

The Bkuest Choice On Staff 
61705 2200 
Ex GMMfc Luton. Mmtaste. 

Tel 01-441-0122 24 hr. 



rront CORFU 

CTO aucawb 

t/v wo 






Sub A/Tax- 
ATDt 2032. 




^ — R ESID E- N T I A I-*— 


Cfanatng 4 bat hm* nttsaaette 

overtoofcog asrenutui gdns. m8i 
wns coofL Refurb to haties 
Ma nflwL momstita tram DM ft 
shops. Drawing tm. rtiwig rnt, 4 
5^2 mate: £500 p.w. 
Litte Venice Office: 
01-286 4811 


W1. ChoniMo apt. 2 Mnres. bn- 
tasbc recep. ha Jot 41 ntach 
Super vdua S75 jm. 
nUGHTSBRIDGE. Beam uni am 
oTMfang 0 *b- 2 nedtrtB. recep. 
race kfl. B aft. w-C - £»70 Pw- 
GOUJBIS SREBL Hamp tenters. 
Lowly Develop. 2 beftm apt 
Recep. Ml art mart. ton. *-c. 

Gas. £150 pw. 

WC1. Substantial Oft. Dbfe bednn . 

charming recap. wtef nac * 1, 
stMr/wiL fte C/K £130 pw. 

01-489 9334 





Lenina ft Management 



For the best 
rental selection of 
in prime London areas 

270 Berts Coart Reed SWS. 

01-244 7353 

Company flat In newly bum 
black app BrHKh Museum, in 
floor. 1 Dbk- Bonrm. Recen Dm. 
Mod KH 6 Bath. All machines. 
Excellent new quality lumtsh- 
Ingv. Avail now. 1 VT » 
229 9966. 

WA PM WB RIM ST l bedroomed 
flat, in pmtiage warehouse 
conversion, walk lo City. a<Ua- 
rmi lube, under ground 
parkinq. luxury lulchen. 
Inna, orauiifully ftimiahrd 
wnn cleaning service. £260 
PW. roM 408 1566 (Ol 
0860 313095 <H> 

FULHAM 2 mins from lube. Com- 
pMrty lurnBhed 2 double 
bedroomed nal. lounge, (ally 
Idled kuenen and bathroom, ra- 
lly pnone. private entrance. 
£140 per week. Co let only. Tel 
Peter O'Rvgan Ol 381 4816. 

HR WINDSOR M delightful 
Domey village. I6di century 
larmnouse lull of character . 4 
bedrooms, curtains and carpets, 
new luxury kilt hen. sun roam. 

pal lo and garden. £1.850 p-c-.m. 
Telephone Pakner 06286 4638. 

BCLORAVM. SWX Pretty cottage 
style flat wim private courtyard 
garden. 1 Bed. Recep. Comer- 
salary. KU.-Balh. £200pw. 
Coales azs 8251. 

HKHUTC H8. Academics 
Dream wtlh Park view*. 2. 3 
receos * bales. 3 • 2 dble bdda. IN 
ml Long. Summer irtv Prom 
£280pw. Raven: OI 491 7646. 

CHELSEA -DeUqhind 2 bed Oat 
with roof wit. spar recep. rood 
kit 6 bath. Ext value £t7fipw. 
Brnham A Reeves 936 3622. 
CLAFHAM COMMON* opui level 
studio. Close tube. Own phone, 
bathroom. Suit couple. £88 per 
week. Tel 01-720-7144 
EAUMS Lux apt 6 orm. 2 reca. 2 
boon. kH. diner. 3 nun* nine. 
£1.200 pcm. Flats & hse* avail 
from £120 pw. 992 9906. m 
HAMPSTEAD. Attract 1 bed flat 
with access lo pretty gdn so 
Only £120 pw tnc pan cfa. 
W.T.P 936 9312. 
KENSDWTOM £146 pw. Excel- 
lent spacious fully l mushed 
garden rUL 2 bedrooms. SuU 2 
prisons. 01-603 9466. 

NMT3 unfutn studio flat In mod 
P/& toe rm. kAb. l yr +. £60 
pw exc rales- Co LM- DHom 
482 2277 

RECEHTS PARK ■ Luxury mod 
fum studio overlooking park. K 
6 B £136 pw. Tel =01 437 7519 
137 MSI The number lo remem- 
ber when seeking best rental 
properties In central and prune 

London areas £1 50/ £2QOOpw. 

Vanns LONDON/ PAWS Allen 
Bates 6 Co have a lazgr selec- 
tion of flats avail for OOOow* 
tor 1 wb*. Tel: 01 499 1666 
L'nivrrHly 6 Bru Museum. Trt 
Helen Watson & Co. 680 6275. 
CHFLIEA Ughl lux balcony QaL 
Dblr Bed. recep. Ufa. porters. 
£195 pw. Long let. 622-5820- 
nmor square wise om- 
el Lux 1 Bed Flat, nr Tube. 
£120 pw. UK0IIO.O1 387 1699 
FLOOD STREET large 2 bear. 2 
bainr. 2 receplten rm ftal avail. 
15lh Aug. T. Hosldiw 730 9937 
KEMSMCTOM WS Lux 1M n flL 1 
able bed. Igr rec + brand new 
ML £179 pw UK. OI 938 2395. 
LOOKING far the best flaL du- 
siex. house in London? 



Ideal neaty riecorated and far 
ndicdital saiawd on me test 
non ol > modem Mock. Two 
beds. «m baft, reapMn. 
kitchen. £285 p-w. 

1 Mayfair Office: 
01-629 4513 ' 

BUUMIEjmi SE3 3 Bed mown Me 
Srfunfl rm nr mg rm iol Bdn sap 
M Ess CM van rev gen qge 

BLKXHUTH Ml 3 bed itudcni use 
Sii tkmo rm. U Uin sen dks. 
Gas CH 000. knot 6 tuev gOn. 

50 2 IW perod OK 
&ntng rm. oraig rm toL bam. 

smdr Gas CH £390oaii 
BUOWMTH SO J Bed modwn iw 
Sd ,'dinina rm tai. Sam Gas CM. 6 
imtis only tMOocm 
CBEBIMCH SCtt 3 on) psnod tea 
Sii.oiMiq rm M-Dlast im. Daft. 
Gas CH CUOpcm 
LMDOU SWS i bed omod ltd 
Sti dnnq rm tat. haft S3/Spcm 
BB3EMUH KBIT SdpeU tee m 
Gnu Cause 4 teds 2 Date warn 
shawei ate 2 raceps. wtv igr fid 
Mid last rm. iWHy d«a 4 WCs. 
Lags pano 6 guns. £30fks> 

01-318 8530 

Borstal sentence frustrated 
training contract 

Grade B Low Bust Semi-de- 
tached house. 2 receptions, 4 
bedrooms. 2 kitchens. 2 battv 
rooms. 2 cloaks. GCH. Smart 
front and 30 ft bock garden. 

F/H £385,000 
Teh 01-624 1970 or 
01-625 5673 
No Agents. 


am MAMpyiranii rmnse.2 
mteOMIln. CH puKk rote. 
C1B6.000. Tet Ol 346 0658 or 
01-436 2910. 


HUS or SOLLY. CorowaP. Su- 
perb house xvaUaMe Sew Ocl 
S leep* 6. Rune Ol 934 3801 
Daytime. 0732 483637 Eve- 
nings W ends 


DORSET 3 bed lurmuwd urm 
rotugr on edon fcnrty Rhodo- 
dendron Mdr. Meal famines, 
gdn with Shetland pony resi- 
dent! puddlefoum. £100 pw. 
Avail III SOUl 6W- 0300S306. 



DssnaHB brtrii and tknter 
trsraad mum n tandsapod 
muik Ol 2 acres *i predD 
enunttr lane, yrt 10 m from 
vitage certre. 

Hocrt sww reiiB pool and poa 
art tad paddock, drawing mom 
(mft faMurtd IngkmA tee- 
ptam) suing mom. onng / 
nuac mom. 5 Hds. 2 bats. 
Mgs UUtl breakfast ut*y 
Attached srt eontaned guest 
son. Mft o«m Urt m bBtiim. 

MiChM gsregas/ saUas/ rt 
bees IMO/25 ust 5 mms. Qtjr 
25 rales. 

cromrapM HW CT 


01-581 2987 

Cfiatmng period house, 
tasiefuftf tumshad. 2 DWe 
Bads. Study/Bed. Obie 
Recop/ OrxngRm. 2 Baths 
(TsMurt 8 L>n Kft Preny 
Gdn. Co Let EAOOpw. 



0 toting gdns. bng« aid spaoous 
lira doto bed flat 2 receps. bain, seo 
doa. Ifl w + art app. gm 0ft. 
{300 m neq ftd CH ft CKW 

The Property Managers 


CLATHAM STH brtehl newly dec 
Ivi floor man. 3 dble beds nips 
3i. reced. kU. baUi. £120 pw 
iwg 01-671 0649 

bed. 1 bath, living duimg. ML 
newly (urn. Ideal Co IcL 
£390n.w 01-229 4684. 

LONG /SHORT LET properties 
tram EiOO-CS.OOOpw Personal 
Servire. 01 4S8 3680 or 0636- 
592824 anytune iTL 

SI JOHNS WOOD Luxurious 2 
double bedroom Hal. luUy filled 
Ml and turn. CH. garden £275 
per week. Tel 01 681 4189. 

CENTRAL LETS. Range of ouatl 
ly properties avad summer A 
long IrU. Raven: 491 7646. 

house. 2 dble beds. Long, short 
lets from £396 pw. 584 7360. 

WANTED Superior prooertiesfar 
Nmg short Co lets 01-4685680 
or 0836 692824 anytime (T>. 

sunny, garden mataoneue. 3 
joins American ScmoI. Part or 
fully fumbhed. 7 beautiful 
rooms ts. 4 bedrooms i. 2 bath- 
rooms, modem kitchen. uUUly ; 
room. aU mod cons. £446 p.w. ; 
inci daily cleaning. Long Irt. no 
agencln. Trt Ol 624 1347. 
designer's nal. Stunningly deco- 
rated and exnuMtely turnlshed 
2 double bedrooms omth en 
suite batnroomsi Plus a further 
shower room, dining room, 
study, kitchen with all appik 
ances. Available Now. Co lei 
£275 pw 244 7353. 
ronveruon Large receplten. 
two double bedrooms, two bath- 
rooms. Vnftanbhed except far 
rarpNs and curtains. Company 
.embassy in only. £320 P-w. 
including cA and C n.w. Tec 
Mr James: 01-688 1049 may! 


lux IUI9 houses: £200 ■ ElOOO 
P.w. L'sual fees mo PhUbps 
May 4 Lewis South of Uje Park. 
Chelsea ofllre. 01-352 8111 or 
North of die Rartc. Regent s 
Pat* on lee. 01-886 9882. 
part 2 bedroom polio IUL 
immaculate. Dishwasher, mi- 
crowave. washer dryer, etc. 
Long or short let. Co let pra- 
ferred. £215 pw. Tel: 01 562 
1690 or 01 589 8122. 

BAKJER STREET: Superb 3 vr old 
fum hse. 4 beds. 2 bams, il 
ensuuev Inge d iner. Ml b WSL 
gge. paUo gdn. GCH. £400 pw. 
Trt: 01 847 264! , 221-8276 
BATTERSEA. BeauMul rial over- 
looking Part. Newly dec 6 
refurb. 2 dMe beds. 1 sgle bed. 
tee recep- kt fitted ML bath rm. 
SpWCrSSopw. 01 2235508. 
CHEYNE WALK. Sumptuous stu- 
dio apart 
new deMgner stylo interior. FT 
kit. lux bath. £145. pw. Benhara 
6 Reeves 938 3522. 

EALING. Spaca bed Camay Me. 3 
rrerov, FT kit UU roarhl ft 2 
baths, dose transport and good 
schools, newly 8rc. JUSOpw 
Benhara ft Reeves 938 3522- 
PULHAIM. Smart 2 bed flat with 
balcony. Kit with all machines. 
CheHM Fufham borders Oa so 
lube. Long CO K1. £170 pw. Bu- 
chanans- 351 7767. 
immac. town Me. fully I urn. 2 
reeptv. lux ML 2 (Me ft 1 single 
beds. 2 bates, sen cto. suraiv 
roof lerr. £575 pw. 684 3130. 
AMERICAN BANK uroenUy re- 
gunn luxury flats and houses 
irom £200 ■ £1.000 pw. Ring 
Burgess Estate Agents 681 6136 
AVAILABLE NOW Luxury natsft 
houses Chelsea. KntohBbrldg*. 
Brig™ via £200-£2.000mv. 
Tel: Burgess 581 6136. 

928 S 1 984 Auto B Reg. MrtaWr 
Bronzr with Brown leather in- 
terior. 24.000 mHex. Full stereo 
pack. Sunroof. Fully Serviced. 
FSH. Immac cond. £26.000 
Tel: 1 021} 356 5388 (toy. 

F. C Shepherd and Co Ltd y 


Before Lord Justice Lawton. 
Lord Justice Mustill and Lord 
Justice Ba [combe 
[Judgment given July 211 
An apprentice plumber who 
during his apprenticeship had 
been convicted of conspiracy to 
assault and affray, as a result of 
which he had been sentenced to 
Borstal training, and who the 
employers refused to take back 
after 39 weeks' absence had not 
been dismissed by the employ- 
ers but the training service 
contract had been frustraiecL 
The Court of Appeal so held, 
allowing an appeal by the 
employers, F.C Shepherd and 
Co Ltd. from the Employment 
Appeal Tribunal {The Times 
MayT, 1985; [1985] ICR 552) 
who bad dismissed the 
employers' appeal and had up- 
held the industrial tribunal's 
decision that the applicant had 
been unfairly dismissed and 
award of £7,090 compensation. 

Miss Elizabeth Slade for the 
employers; Mr Peter Clark for 
the applicant, Mr Mark Jerrom. 

said that on September 10. 1 979, 
the employers took on Mark 
Jerrom as an apprentice and 
there was a training agreement 
under which be undertook to 
serve a four years* apprentice- 
ship. His father and the Joint 
Industry Board for Plumbing 
Mechanical Engineering Ser- 
vices in England and Wales 
(JIB) were parties to the agree- 
ment, which incorporated the 
JIB's regulations relating to 

In June 1981 the apprentice 
was convicted of conspiracy to 
assault and affray and sentenced 
to Borstal training. On Septem- 
ber IT, 1981 the employers told 
the JIB that the apprentice had 
been sentenced to Borstal train- 
ing and that they would like to 
terminate his training agree- 
ment and asked them to make 
the neccessary arrangements. 

On January 6, 1982 the 
apprentice was released from 
Borstal. The employers refused 
to take him back. On March 26, 
1982 the apprentice applied to 
the industrial tribunal for a 
decision as to whether be had 
been fairly dismissed. 

In their notice of appearance 
the employers stated that the 
apprentice had been d i sm i s sed 
for “repudiatory conduct". 
There was a hearing of a 
preliminary issue on June 18, 
1982. to consider whether the 
tribunal had jurisdiction to 
consider the apprentice’s com- 
plaint of unfair dismissal 
The employers submitted that 
the apprentice had not been 
dismissed. If he had not, he had 
no claim against his employer. 

In their decision the tribunal 
stated that the apprentice had 
never been dismissed and was 
still employed under the terms 
of his apprenticeship agreement. 
They stated that the proceedings 
i were adjourned sine die and 
i they gave their reasons, that the 
■ agreement had not been ended 
and that there bad been no 
* dismissal . 

, His Lordship was satisfied, 
: reading the decision as a whole. 
> that the tribunal did not intend 
r to give a final decision on the 
' preliminary issue. 

1 On July 7, 1982 the local 
j conciliation panel of JIB met to 
J: consider whether to accede to 
r uie employers' request that the 

apprentice's training agreement 
should be terminated. The pane! 
decided that the termination of 
the agreement should be refused 
on the ground that the offences 
of which the apprentice had 
been convicted had no rele- 
vance to the performance of his 
work as a plumber’s apprentice. 

Thai decision was unaccept- 
able to the employers. At a 
reconvened _ bearing of the 
industrial tribunal on June 17, 
1983 the employers submitted 
that they bad not dismissed the 
apprentice because the training 
service agreement had been 
frustrated by his convictions 
and custodial sentence; alter- 
natively. that by his conduct 
resulting in his convictions and 
sentence he had repudiated the 
training service agreement and 
that they had accepted the 
repudiation. .... 

The tribunal decided that the 
training service agreement had 
not been frustrated, that the 
employers had repudiated it by 
refusing to take the apprentice 
back into their employment, 
and- that the apprentice had 
accepted that repudiation. The 
consequence was that there had 
been an unfair dismissal 
It appeared from the decision 
that the rules of the JIB gov- 
erned their thinking. Mr Clark 
had submitted that the rules did 
govern the case. 

His Lordship was satisfied 
that the industrial tribunal mis- 
directed themselves in deciding 
that the rules had any applica- 
tion to the case. . 

The Employment Appeal Tri- 
bunal were of the same opmi° n 
stating that both parties must 
have been taken to exclude any 
principle of common law under 
which absence fell lo be treated 
as a repudiation of the work 
contract Both tribunals for that 
reason adjudged that the 
apprenticeship contract had not 
been frustrated. 

The first question was 
whether what happened was 
capable in law of frustrating the 
contract; the second was 
whether it did frustrate it — that 
'was a question of feci. 

As to the first question, the 
sentence of Borstal training was 
not foreseen or provided for by 
the parties at the lime of 
contracting. What had to be 
decided was whether that out- 
side event and its consequences 
in relation to the performance of 
the contract bad occurred with- 
out either the fault or default of 
either party to it see Pool 

either parw to it see ratu 
Wilson ana Co v Partenreederei 
(>1983] AC 854, 909) per Lord 
Brandon of Oakbrook. 

There was no fault or default 
on the part of the employers. 
They were alleging that because 
of the unforeseen outside event 
the contract had been frustrated. 
If it had been, there had been no 
dismissal as defined in section 
55 of the Employment Protec- 
tion (Consolidation) Act 1978. 

The oddity of the case was 
that tbe apprentice, for his own 
purposes, was seeking to allege 
that he was in default so as to 
keep-the contract in. being. He 
had submitted, relying on 
Universal Cargo Carriers 
Corporation v Citati Q1957] 2 
QB 401), that his conduct 
resulting in tbe sentence of 
Borstal training amounted to a 
repudiation of the contract 
which the employers did not 
accept until January 1982. 

It seemed to his Lordship that 
the apprentice was seeking to 
rely upon his own default, if in 

law it should be regarded as 
such, to establish his right to 
claim for unfair dismissal The 
case called for the court to 
decide whether the apprentice’s 
conduct resulting in the sen- 
tence of Borstal training was a 
default which prevented the 
contract from being frustrated- 
The apprentice’s criminal 
conduct was deliberate but it did 
not by itself have any con- 
sequences upon the perfor- 
mance of his contract. What 
affected the performance was 
his sentence of Borstal training 
which was the act of the judge 
and which he would have 
avoided if he could have done 

It could not be said that the 
concept of “self-induced 
frustration" could be applied to 
this case. What could be said, 
however, was that when the 
apprentice acted in the criminal 
way he did be was recklessly 
putting at risk his ability to 
perform his contract. He should 
have appreciated that if he 
joined in an affray he might lose 
his liberty. 

In his Lordship's judgment, 
the apprentice should not be 
allowed to plead his own default 
in order to establish bis right to 
claim compensation for unfair 

In his Lordship's judgment, 
the principle of law was that he 
who asserted that the perfor- 
mance of a contract had been 
frustrated had to prove not only 
the two essential elements to 
which Lord Brandon had re- 
ferred but that the outside event 
or extraneous change of situa- 
tion was not caused by any 
dcfoull on his pan. If the party 
against whom frustration was 
asserted could by way of answer 
rely on his own m isconduct then 
injustice resulted. 

Considering the effect of a 
custodial sentence on a contract 
of employment, in his 
Lordship's judgment, such a 
sentence was capable in law of 
frustrating the contract. 

The next question was 
whether on the facts the sen- 
tence of Borstal training did 
frustrate the contract. In his 

Lordship's judgment it did. 

Much time had been spent the 
court discussing whether tiie 
apprentice's conduct resulting 
as it did in his being sentenced 
to Borstal training was 
repud iatory of the contract. He 
had broken no term of it. His 
conduct could only be said to be 
repudiatory on the grounds set 
out in Universal Cargo Carriers 
Corporation v Citati. As his 
Lordship would decide the ap- 
peal on the frustration point he 
did not find it necessary to say 
more about repudiation. 

If he was wrong about frustra- 
tion and it should be adjudged 
that the employers had not 
accepted the apprentice’s 
repudiatory conduct before 
December 26, 1981 he was of 
the opinion that the award of 
£7,090 could not be supported. 

No reasonable tribunal would 
have found that there was no 
contributory iault affectingjhe 
constructive dismissal. The dis- 
missal would never have hap- 
pened had not the apprentice 
behaved in the criminal way he 
' did. His Lordship would reduce 
the award by 75 per cent 
Lord Justice Mustill and Lord 
Justice Balcombe delivered 
concurring judgments, 
i Solicitors: Capstick Hamer & 

• Co; Brian Thompson & Part- 
i ners. 

Deporting alien undergoing 
mental treatment 

Regina v Secretary of State for 
the Home Department, Ex 
parte Alghali 

Before Mr Justice Simon Brown 
[Judgment given July 9] 

In making an order for the 
removal from the United King- 
dom of an alien who was an in- 
patient in a hospital in England 
undergoing treatment fora men- 
tal illness, the Secretary of State 
for the Home Department was 
not constrained to exercise 
those powers contained in sec- 
tion 90 of the Mental Health Act 
1959, as amended by section 30 
of the Immigration Act 1971, 
but could issue a deportation 
order under section 5 of the 
1971 Act instead. 

Mr Justice Simon Brown so 
held in tbe Queen’s Bench 
Division, refusing an applica- 
tion for judicial review by the 
applicant, Mr Dhanniah 
AJghali, a citizen of Siena 
Leone, by way of certiorari to 

J uash the decisions of the 
mmigration Appeal Tribunal 
and of tbe secretary of state who 
had given directions for the 
applicant's removal under sec- 
tion 3{SXa) of the 1971 Act. 

Subsequent to the derision of 
the secretary of state m June 
1978 to deport the applicant as 
an overstayer, be was diagnosed 
during his detention as suffering 
from schizophrenia and epi- 
lepsy and spent some time 
undergoing treatment for his 

condition in tbe hospital wing of 
tbe Ashford Remand Centre. 

Mr Alper Riza for the ap- 
plicant; Mr George Puknan for 
the secretary of state. 

BROWN said that the 
applicant’s case was that while 
the secretary of state was un- 
doubtedly entitled to make a 
deportation order against the 
applicant under section 5 of the 
1971 Act, he was not entitled to 
make removal directions 
against him under the pro- 
visions of Schedule 3 to that 
Act. because the applicant was 
receiving treatment for mental 
illness as an in-patient, and thus 
fell witnin the scope of section 
90 of the 1 959 Act, as amended. 
The secretary of state the relore 
could only proceed under those 

Mr Riza's essential argument 
was that in all casts where an 
immigrant was an in-patient in 
hospital receiving treatment for 
a mental illness, tiie prowm 
under section 90 of the 1959 Act 
was dominant or paramount to 
the general powers which were 
provided by the 1971 Act; and 
more particularly, that the 
Schedule 3 power, to give 
removal directions to someone 
against whom a deportanon 
order was made, was 
surbordinate to the provisions 
of the 1959 Act. 

The latter imposed* number 
of requirements upon the sec- 

retary of state before he could 
direct the removal of a mentally 
ill patient. 

first, he should have made 
proper arrangements for (a) the 
removal of the patient abroad 
and (b) for the care or treatment 
abroad of that patient; and 
second, under section 30(2) of 
the 1971 had to appear to 
the secretary of state that it was 
in the interests of tbe patient to 
remove him. 

His Lordship said that if 
Parliament intended that the 
Schedule 3 power should be 
ousted in regard to all patients 
falling within the ambit of 
section 90 of the 1959 Act, as 
amended, that would have been 
expressly provided for m the 
1971 Act. 

That section so easily could 
have, but so manifestly bad not 
provided for the limitations 
upon the secretary of state's 
powers to give removal direc- 

It was impossible to conclude 
from the legislative scheme, 
whether looking a t the 1971 Act 
or the 1 959 Act or both together, 
that the provisions in the 1971 
Art were to be regarded as 
suspended, superseded or re- 
placed in those cases where the 
appellant was also a candidate 
for removal under the mental 
health powers, and accordingly 
the appeal was dismissed. 

Solicitors: B. M. Biro berg & 
Co: Treasury Solicitor. 

NEW YW AND AUDI motets. Inc 
OTl. at discount, rated drthery. 
phoenix; 025 126 467(5. 

traditional LnKorNly oltert 
deqm to nwkarfw adults 

out 26 . i-nlirrty al noma and 
wun full credits for lifr r arer 
mphwkc. ProsteettJa from 
Dept. T. NHI GIMon ft Co.. Sud- 
bury. Suffolk. CO ID 6EO 


GCE retakes - 
Which College? 

Consult us about *0' 
and ‘A* level retakes and 
get expert advice on 
tutorial colleges. 

Our counselling is free 
and objective. Our offices 
are just six minutes by 
Underground from 
Marble Arch. 

naergoing neauncui »**•» — — » ( 9 

Power to order cross-examination 

230 TJE. Arts. Wirt*. May 82- 
61.000 nx to* 5 Roof ptUflOUKT 
«ira» FSH. trornartjlauronte- 
Itotv C6.W5. Trt 0608 50308 


ra m i iBnMaMMreuiiBHww 



E. L Do Pont de Nenwmrs & 
Co v Enka AG and Enka BV 
Before Lord Justice Watkins 
and Lord Justice Purchas 
[Judgment given July 8] 

Where a motion in an acu^i 
and the action were heard 
together, it was within the tnai 
judge's discretion to deciae 

whether witnesses whoartended 

for the purpose of testing tne 
veracity of their 
the motion should be cross- 
examined on the wider general 
issues in the action- 
. The Court of Appeal dis- 
missed an interlocutory appeal 
by the defendants. Enka AG and 
Enka BV. and upheld a ruling by 
Mr Justice Falconer that the 
cross-examination of wb wt- 
nesses called by the plaintiffs. E 
I. Du Pont de Nemours* Co be 
limited to issues in the motion. 

Mr William Aldous. QC. Mr 
Hugh Laddie, QC and Mr David 
KJichra for the defenfont* Mr 
Stephen Gratwiek. QC and Mr 
Michael Fysh for the plaintiffs. 

said that Mr Justice Falconer 

was trying a com plicated patents 
action. At least three patents 
were under review and in addi- 
tion there was a side issue, 
namely whether to permit 
amendment to a patent on the 
plaintiffs* application. 

The stage had been reached 
when the plaintiffs who were 
just about to close their case, 
called two witnesses whom the 
defendants wished to cross- 
examine on affidavits as to the 

The defendants' counsel 
sought to cross-examine the 
witnesses on matters outside the 
confines of the matter of the 
amendment and on matters 
which went to the other actions. 
He claimed a right to cross- 
examine on a wide range of 
inquiry and the plaintiffs' coun- 
sel objected. 

The judge held that he would 
not allow the questions as to 
matters outside the affidavits. 

It could not be said that in no 
circumstances would the cross- 
examination of witnesses called 
in one action be disallowed on 
issues in another action. But in 

the present case the judge was in 
the best position to decide. 

said that the witnesses were 
called for the purpose of cross- 
examination on their affidavits 
on the motion for leave to 
amend a specification in a 

The motion arose because of 
the counter-claim in the main 
action and although it was 
connected with the main action 
in that sense, the motion itself 
stood on its own. 

In the circumstances of the 
two actions the judge was called 
upon to lay down rules on the 
ambit of cross-examination 
where the motion and action 
were heard together. 

The conduct of the trial was 
for the judge who had a dis- 
cretion. He had the feel of tbe 
case and the evidence before 
him and the judge's discretion 
in the present case could not be 

Solicitors: Bird & Bird; 
Bristows Cooke & CarpmaeL 

Degrees at the University of East Anglia 


School of Art History and Music 
Ctui fc None 

Sctwct aoww Stun 
__ Joan Dunn . , 

cun U. Otvttitm fc J G Andrew: A v , 

Bain: L ft M Batter ham: R OBtair. J MO/CHE - 
A Brooks: S C Couans K D Crane: P CD 

J Elite: S Garvte. K Graves: A J i 
bftrrwood: L J Keenan: S A CusbAJl 

Sdiad M EfiMwnto and Seefei SbuBcs 
Cits* t Nom 

cuss n, DMston iPK AUnwaua: S O 
AU1MK J C Barken B A Bartels: D A 
Bassett N J Beard; M A Best: 9 E 

cun H, DMstoa 1: M Bator: S 

S^F^^sr rtCW ™ mp - 

taass n, Dtwtaon a* a j Chmy. g a 


H Wilkinson 

cuts tut p j Lascton 

Joint Pragma s u ^ u roytBu SnuUH 

Ctass t None 

Cuts n. DMtfan Is D T MadgetC M 

CUss II, DMctaa SSL Turley 
SabMl of Cc«i»us md Spstai Sta«s 

JMM Degree U Bnmwu Ffeunos wd 

Bourne: K A Cnapjmaiu V Chapman: 
A K Chesters: N Chlapplirt; w P A 
Chu: T J Clark: J B cowan: A D 
Crowson: J W Dean: F E Dots: B C 

Burggyne: BLUndtU ; B ACfeVk 
L J Quit C awsacH: S E GObbett J e 

tsherwood: L J K(«un: a /» Ctass fc a j Parkes fENV/CHEl: P J S 

Perry: K F Parade NMWm v j 

Shaw: M J Simpson: I F Sutton: A E DfvhUB 

Trory: J V Turner: K F WanXUw: J K (BIQ/CHE) 

CUss It DMston ISC Adeane: C M U£NV 

U. Dh 


DMtton fc K R Dewtck 

M Maxwell 

Balrstow: A W E Baxter: C A Blessed: IBKJ/CHEI: C M Wilson (BIO/CHE) 
S J Chappell: M A CnmMlharE P C cn* in: v M Kenny OUO/CHE3 
Cooper: M L Detrle: L J . Eaton: C £ A 
Edwards: P M Ennis: C B Gasson: E H 
Gordon dark: A M Howell: D Jones: 

L I Jones; S M KeMyr JL Knight M A 
Linnane: C M MacDonWuL f . C 

Mac Do well: D A MorleV: E GPrtee 
Thomas: AMS Pryor; V P Ryf: M D 
P Tindall: E A C Wesicon: J S 

CUss IlkTC Lire 


CUss fe None 

CIbh Ik DMB 011 b s I cases: S Gray: M 
G Payne: A Seiigman 

School at O sw i U|bhh« StnriUs 
CUss b Norn 

CUss R, Dftrwm I : E FOmpdea-Gn 
D N Cox: S P Croxton: C S Giles: « 
GUI: T N R Harrap: J M Harrison: C M 
Harwood: K J Lee: T A Nickodx L J 

«». ii p hiiia i J8A Branford: M | 
A Cteflflpii A | 

Derails: B Ml 

Freeman: G E 

Dowling: M E Doyltt E A Durham: M B gmn cR.D.A_Stamp«t.P .A Swm .C 
a RuOSrxc BEE Fay: M £ Fenwick; Webb: P WBknk KS Yeung: K 

P T Franklin: S A Geary: 5 GbmS: P J 
Goode: T J Green: F J Mealy: C P 
Hearn; ft J Hodson: L A Horrocto; N 
Huxley -Da vies: A M Jones; d r Jones: 
S M Lonq-lnnes: K E Lowe-. P 
Manning: JC C Marks S R McAfee: L 
j MCFartane: K A Moore: K . v 
Mutveen: C Muskoron: A E Norman; 
M P O’Donnell; M C Payne J M 
Pearson: T J Pearson: J G Rea: V M 
len D A Schofield; J S Smith: A J 
■ „umas: S J Toon: V Venunnl 
D’ Amandin: C M Williams 

Palmen T a Pyser: C P Redmond: D j 
ReeK C B Richmond: L □ ro« G w 
SamncR D A Stamper: P A Swift: C A 
Webb: P WOsorc KS Yemsp K K 

CUss K, DMs&n * P D BuUraan; R 
Blelica: A M Bowles: S Y Chan: D M 
M Qiany-Lena: S E Cbesmey: H l 
Cheung; M H Owe JP Cowley; A R M 
Crevatd: A Dana: B D Erode M c 

Font A Garwood: SW WUHara Gee: 
C Hunt G p K’eer-Keen J C Urn; R s 
Lock; H G McCarthy: S J McCarthK 
DA McNutt SJNtKMJ Orton: O j 

Lewis: S L 
NKhotson: DNOenei:: 
nenrold: A R Pratt MD 
Worsey. T J Young 
r»m life c E Banks: R M Bellas: M L 

fSSK tNSBf S 5 S3 


Cuts life P A Carter: p Henry: S 
Johnson: N J McKSrca: j H Spooner 

M J Plant H A Pootey: A M 

WHK w Sum; R HTarry: C J 
W arbo yg K M wimerhum: M C S 

NlCOl; V A NunaUSmith; J A 
Packbam: K Poole: A L Woods C J 

Benneir. H A F de Jongh: AHtmterr J- 

M Marsden. T p Plokln. L Quuier: J A 
blokes. H R Sutton 


School o> BMogfcai Sckwn 
cuts t D G Atkins: T M Clayton: T 

CUu IL Division Is M R Applel«uJ P 
Back: E J A Btakemore: N J Butt. Z 
Chamberlain: M L_Famjan: A J 
Gooch. H V Gunn: S D Ja ckso n: J 
Lamb. M N LarMOey: □ M Longd^n: J 
P Marshall: PY Money: S P 
Mossman: LI M MurUgh: S M NoMe; S 

W right 

CUss II, DMston * J M AUrtnson: T J 
Bumage: J M Burrows; P Carrington: 
a Cooper: C R K Cope: J D Eccles: C 
Gatnercoie; G H Griffiths: M D 
rrlson: R E Dex N S Jezzand: S P 
mis: J R ParadMS: J J C Pryor: M M 
Raaymakera: P R A Ryiward: J M K 
Smith: J F Spooner: A F Trevetl: Y 
Weerasekera: J wemysa 
CUn duh Cundall: U A Gases: D j 
S Moss: P J Ova 

School of Econoodc and Social sxndUa 
Class b None 

hriskm f : C S Adams: C J Ba- 
. _ Bambra: P J Barnard: A G 
H Blade K L Blakeborougn; S H 
aurmine: S J Castle: S Cose E J 
Crockford: P N Dean; R M de Winter: 
R M Dodd: K M P DonneOy: A J 
e G A Ollard: N J G 

Class fe None 

CUU H, DMttM fc P M Bird: J C 
Forsyth: C a Cant 
Foord; c j Garvey: F J Lowry: A K 


Sstiool of EntBdi and AaMricaa Stadhu 
<HWat )0 

CUss b None 

Class IL DMston fc J A Baken R S 
Bley: D A Gouitborpe: N M Keighley; 
D M Lyons: L N withers 


CUss IBs A Arshad: D a Baytey; IV C 
Gardner P Mukosha: A J MuHender: 
L Stearen S D WUUams: P F Wong: 8 
C Wong 


Pbsh J C Muff 

Mathematics and Physics 

BSc (Ordinary) 



Bruno has talk 

with Lawless 
about his futui 

• J • w ll 

Frank Bruno had talks with convinced he wiB bwome 
his manager. Terry Lawless, .unified champjonjetrfd me 

* tow I - • SfiLS-S SBf 

Bsc (Hons) _____ 

School of Mathematics and Plqptos 

after his 'failure to be come the 
World Boxing Association 
heavyweight champion. 

than he believed and said I - 
could become champion with- “ 
in two years. We’ll have to see . 

BA (Has) With Certificate of 
School of Education 
CUss fe L B Conroy: C N Goodman: S 
E Jackson: G Y Multan 

D M Lyons: L N with«rs 
Ctass IL DMston fc D Alston; A 
Bov inn! on: N R Forman: A R Hatcher: 
A S J Parker E G Powat s H wood 
CUn ntPK Angril 

emnuto annua Efe gtonrto g 
Class fc R w Harvey: P T Maguire 

HTH /CMP - oUfliemahci and Compot- 

Maa nu O c i andPhysto* 
PHY/ENY - Physics and EiwRW»a™ 
iffrtWMif B 

“b™o dode5r & Of about Jthau know what I r 
reporters and photographers . lL?> - c ^ nW - ; 

to travel to Thrope Bay, Essex, Did that mean he was^mg- 

cun It, DMttoR t!$L BanwtLM J 
amon: a D Davit?: D L Finch: C 
Garden; A Hewlett: R S Hopkins: K G 
Johnson: J C Mann: A W B Mash: F P 
Mritor. j Moreen M Morrison : C A 
Penuiger: S j Sutherland: D H 

BA (Part Time) 

SolMOl of Encash amt American SmcBu 

CUn fe A M Williams 

CUn U, OMshm U None 

cun IL DMston fc M R Kirkland: D M 


U H Amor. M p STTno* 

CUn B, DMston fc R p Botch: D M 
Byrne: A M Doran: S J Doran; B j 
Chaham: O P A Hunt: R s Sun 
CUss ffiOJ BBtteituy; D A West 
Pass M P Stevenson 

for private discussions with to carg on 

'Lawless following his llth shrugged; I will save that... 

i . , . c * u... t;— th^ nnMK conferettCB.' 

fMTH/CMP); C C Hlichman 
B Stem IMTH /CMP) 

IL DMston fc W J Herbert 


F O'Connor: S A Paisalos. J M PhalP-' *: ? b £2I2i.S j 3 

j E.Rigden: JB Shacktoton: k l J * F 

smiih. s 

Taylor P C Thorpe 

CUss n, DMston fc M R Calvert; M S 
Chltelodoulou: R S Coffin: . C A 

enerjr. D G Himbt: RDM Innocent: 
M N Jacobs: P C H Jarvis: K S 
JnphWou: M Lacey- Freeman: J M K 
LI: N Luddlngton: J McBride: S A 
Mkrheimore: N E Miles; R A Newsuiru 

CUss U, DMston fc B F M Bag* J K 
Bailey; R J Bates; A E Dunne: V A 
LocoekiSJ Merriman: S F J Page: S S 
Potter: A R Rathbome: T J ROOmes K 
L Smith: D M Wilkins: 

CUn h R J L Deane: A J Han: G L 
Heritage: R N Hughes 1 H Langford: D 
G T MaraeU: EM A Rlsbrldger 

BSc (Hons) 

Joint Degree m Business Fi- 
nance and Ecnnoinics 

CUn fe A p Page 

HeDllnstall: B Holland: S E 
McDermott: S McKeown: W E Mills: S 

Smyth: L M Spencer: S Spyrides: D 

D wiuiamson: S J wuhs: M A Wright CUss IL DMska fc R A All: M M Atu: 
... _ ... ■ r Avbenake; J Ball: S Barclay: T J 

CUu life E Johnson: M □ Milner 

School of BMopad Sctoncn 
Pass: C H Fudge 

School ol Bloloclcal Sctoncn 
(decree In bfiphysios) 
Class fe None 

l R Avbenake; J Ball: S Barclay: T J 
Barnard; S R Blade: F w Boyton: S J 
Bryant: S D Butler: DM Carter: F C 
Lens: F R Chateau; C J 
tiubol: M a Chrysomda: N 
nstanbnou: R J Davts: L Callp: " 
-JTTier: C Georglou: G P Harris: J 
Hart: D Hawkins: P J Hegarty: H _ 
Hill: P F Hunt: J A Jacob: A M 
Jankowski: D Jtssurcy: C M Joel: E 

CUn ft J M Thomson 
BA (Hons) Ed tica tron Studies 
School of Education 
CUn I: None 

CUn It, DMMe I: M A Casey 
CUn U, DMston fc l R Clayton 

BEd (Hems) In-service 
School of Education 
CUn fc None 

CUn ILMiMon ft P M. Akehurst: J 
Barter: B A Caiver: T R Everson: M A 
Garland: H E Harding; C J Lawrence: 
J Netueton: V M Pearson: D J Smith: 
D G Stroaa: M M Webb 

Clan n, DMston 1: A A Alexander; M J 
Ausden: J S Brown: P R Brown; C M 
Buaicllh: CM F Cheung; K A 
CoUlngwood-Cameron: j S Cox: P S 
Davev: C M Day; J E Drake: C J 

Ctol It, DMtooa ItS-J DUcMMd: D M 

Dreyfuss: A F Fearn: L H Field: C J 
Ford: J C Handing: S L Harris: M A 
Kerslake: M Lawrence: □ l R McCraer 
J Myers; S E Pitcher: A j Porter: J C 
Powell: A J Price: R W T Pyle; C E 
Reeves: K Robinson: MEL Setwyn: L 

Singleton: S A Tothumt: j-l Walken 
R T Walken C P w-L-—- v r 

R T Walker C P W ... ^ ^ 

Weaver: B J White: D A Williams: C J 

CUu B, DMston 2 J L Bailey: J M 
BtrtweO: N BUndtord: J c Cedi: P A 

Common; S P Cumnm A P Davis: D 
Hutton: S N King: T 1 r r 

CUU IL DMdofi I: S E Lord: G J John; S P Langan: F M Law M S 
Sivewrtghl Lawson-Jack: C Le Sueur: c K LI; M 


CUu IL DMttoo lb R Duriaaba: L J 

Degree in Biochemistry 

Class fc J A Challaway. 

CUu IL DtvMM I: A M Hoar; 

Lawson-Jack: C Le Sueur: c K Li; M 
H M Lo: G A Locke: C V Long: A S 
Lovett: P B Mandel: E R Mayes: N P 
Mayo: P McGill: P J McKenzie: P 
Meehan: L S Mills: A Mlstry: B T 
Muchelemba: B Nagy: R F Nevand: K 
A Nleda: N J Nodem WC CTGrady: O 
A Olashoiu: M C Pandya: M R 

CUu B, DMtton fc J M Catcfipole: S P 
Dnuimgton: R N DentonGardew: M F 
Evans: J Gateoo: J W Hood: K L 
Johnston: J Mills: J A Palmer- 
Go wing: S C Pells. S C Pens: M A 
Ravner: K A Reeder: S JRostance: C 
Scarlett: J D Shaw: V K Stevenson: M 
F Thomas: S a Ward 

Hutton: S N King: T _ . 
Leyflekl: J E Lind: P Lowe: 
A Showier: A J SU fleet: 

King: S C 
i MSekUD 

A Showier: A J Slffleet: E Steer: P R 
M Thompson: N I G Watkins: J C 

BSc (Ordinary) 

P Brkltton: j K Saroya: M w Sheridan ( ¥PU < 2EH 

BSc (Hons) (FHYyENV) 

Joint Degree Stines Fw 

tnrtff and Eamooks <mth/Cmp ic J m woods (phy/env? 

CUn fc a p J P 

oans B^ Wytoton tSJ DllchUeld; D M Schamer 

gUwli^Pty Mpnfc AZ BAhoBakatrS ^A^Hfft tS rndtoi t L m rou* ■«* 
E Bond: A Broome: I M Williams BoraguD HUtoiy 

Oan Ht a J Mayes CUn b A T Homer 

_ . _ _ cun fL Dtvbton Is R H Acton: M 


- SSSEA-bSSSfiMSlii 

HaOtaaioiu M Dickens: F J DUworth; J A EKxoil 

«... fe h G (env /CMP h ad AM Durling: C P EAney: C Feas. J , 

French tǤ^Si tENV/CMP>:AP 

Gw IL DMston fc D J Leggett j CHarCey: M D HM: BJ_v 
■> . w Reid: G F Rooxl: K A Slmcox: A M 

■Lawless loiiDwuig iu* iiui - r-. .. . ::: r- ’■■■ ■ 

iround defeat by Tiro news for the prras conferttce. - 
Witherspoon. “I have told It’s only fair that everybody 
‘Terry exactly what I want to should know my plans at. the-.- . *• _• 

do.” Bruno said. “He has told same time.” ; :‘t .■ ■ 

me what he thinks I should do. Lawless said: “Frank -' has : - 1- • 

We now going to sleep on it j,ad so many people telling ^ 
and will be holding a press jj 0W well he did that, he 
conference - probably early - ^ not gong into any sortpf.- 
next week to let everybody depression. His face is stiU a i 
know our plans. little sore but the swelling has 

“I cannot believe the reac- 
tion l am getting for my 
performance. I wanted to walk 

Clns B. DtoMon fc A Z B Abo Bakarr $ 
E Bond: A Broome: 1 M wimama 
dan Ht A J Mans 




virtually gone. He seems to be l 
a hero in everybody’s, eyes. - • 
Sebastian Coe was among the * 

^ l ?^^Si tENV/CMRhAP 

^ AtSF*" 11 D J «— « 

CUn IL;OtoMaa fc None 

CUn Ift Gj Higgins (CMP/MTHK H D 

around with my bead down ^^5 of people who have ^ 
but everywhere I go people are contacted me. His. message - 
applauding me and saying was ‘Just tell Frank we all love 

Watts: S B Whitby: B C Wimmd: J □ 

withington: R J T Young 

CUn lit a J Davies: S G Evans; S A 

Fisher: A M Gibson: □ L Goodyear: S 

T K Jenkins 

Pass: D T Hughes 


School of Law 

how well I did. I cannot thank 
them enough. They have 
made me feel like a king-” 
Bruno had a brief telephone 
conversation with 

him.'. It seems to sum up c- 
every body’s fellings.” • - . j 

One call came from the'. 
Variety Club of Great Britain * 

CU« t DM Samuels: B A Simpson: N 
if vcrfl£Ht 


School of E ng fch and Amarieao snda 

Pank hurst: C D Papageorgiou: M J 
Parr: H PritrkUn: G M Ptrasants: A C 

CUss IL DtoMpn fc S Butler: M A fnev. J J Puraow; c A J Ramins: A 

Christie. D A Scon. 
CUu ItL None 
Pan: D A Tamil eld 

C Ramsay: D P Randle: A E F 
Richards. A Robson: A_M Seif: S 

Setigsan: S A Shah: C O Shenkobi-. S J 
Si incision: | F Sleney; A J C Smith: T 
J Slephenson: N D Thacker: C R 
Thompson: A M TlnuBtr. P F Wallen I 
Wilkes: A W Wong: J F E Wood 
Ctass III: R 1 Baldwin: U F Carpenter: 
T J Ho: S P Howells: G Kokklnos: Y-P 

The following candidate has been 
recommended lor a pass degree: R M 

School of Chemical Sctoncn 
CUss fc N P Blake: S Fielder: A B 
Horn; T D James: A J Phillips 
CUss It. Dntston I: L E Cummins: J 
Eastoe: A M Fawealher: J P Horsier 
K Kelly: A S Sullivan. S A Warters 
Class II, DMston fc J PNCordle: A J 
Cree. M A Fey: R Howell: A. L 

Cree. M A Fey: R Howeu: A. L 
Hulrhinson: M N Rowley: S M Vane: J 
Mies. A J Welsh 

School of Bswramllc tad Soctsf Shuffles 
CUss fc None 
CUss IL DMston 1: None 

CUss life R A Buroess: E J Chester C J 
Dewfall: T A Hurst: KDO Jackson: J 
Pale!; J M Taylor A J While: H N 


Pass: M G Boll: C A Cumow 

CUss IL DMston fc S E Barnes-Gay: A 
J Hawes: J Hill; L G Kingston: G J 
Russell: A R To wells 

Class tGj Hugo: p t Brice: a j cow- 
ard: M P Fretfen; J M Leavers: K V 
Leys: S J Marriott: 5 A Richardson 
Ctass IL DMston is C L Andrews: N 
Andrews: PJ Bandey: J Bard well: H J 
Beale: N Blackburn: M J BOne: T A 
Bradford: M J Brennan: A W Brown: 
H C Brown: p Burnett. R A Cadman: 
J S Caplin; F Chamber loin: M H F 
dements: G LW E Cohen: J V Craske: 
R M Crip ps; H Delray: B J Dooley: A 
L Down: J R Epstein: D J Everett: M A 
Fenney: S Frances; A M Gaskelk P 
Cawier -Wright: R P Green: J E 
Harris: ft E Harris: A M Hayman: □ 
Holley. G A Holmes: M S Hookey: L 
Hughes: J M Johnson; R e jolty; N G 
Kimberley: Njc Kopola: N D Kosten: 
p M Lanham: SCO Lok: S M Lynn: p 
S Manning: I P Melletr S J Munday: E 
R Norman: M P Oliver: H R M Osper: 
C w pa to a: T J Peploe; J J Fepperril: 
L C Planken: Y Poles: K J Quaniy : W 
K Reid; A J Smith: S-L Smith: S E 
Somekh: SRC Stanley: CAR Stead: 
N J Tattourd-Cook; H S F Thomson: T 
M Thurston: A S G Tope: A J M Walt: 
J walker: S Wells: C L Wyan 

CUSSIL DMston is. C Alltoon: C P 
Barber: JF) E Boothroyd: S V Catania: L 
M Qeniannl: A M Forbes: A W Hlbbs: 
A c HID: B W K Jack: M Jaoovtdes: M 

ia™ IL DMston fc S Akyoi: N Arnold: 
SKAuMr: « Bpskov~C£itt«vrtac 
N K Cook: M J Dale: J Du fton. J Eady: 
L M Fergusson: J S N Francis: M 
CreenlM. IA Grtfmbs: J S HdW A S 
hjW Fb d Harris: Y Haul ion; CL 

Witherspoon at midnighL “ I who have decided to giv«f -a ; 
just told him how much I lunch in Branos honour ur-- 

respecied him and said I am September ,..; V 


CUn U. DMston It F Baytey: F L Hall: 
J K Page: J M Patmore: P j Ptayle: I C 
B Starke: R A Stillman: C S 

CUn IL DMOon fc D N Brelngan; A G 
Carter D S Donovan: A Z Humphries: 
I C Kitching; A Stewart: S M Surita 


.RMtoao t. S KBarhey: G M huthoweto: CEMW J C May: C A 

Brewte: K L S Cheung: A J Oowam M 
D C Dearie-, m Economou: D Evans: D 
ft J Gadsby: J j Halt L tomdanou: L 
Jacques I O E Jlnadu: H C Jones P 
Landau: CFK Marson: R E MathU 

Mattnowsld: CE May: J C MW C A 
McGinn: E McGowair K E Meadows: 
A Monlgomery: R C Moore: A 
J J P Nunan: J W Poole: D G 
P M Rosen A J Searie:_C A 
J J Sidney: K T A 

Porsche prove top 

DA MCKwt W E McNamara: S J Sunpsoo-Nalrru D Snvaisan; C M 
MIUs: R D Nobtas: R E Parry; K %ubl?B » Tralnor N J 

School ol EiMranaMmai Sctoncn 
John Deems 

ENV/CHE - Envtraiuneatal Chemistry 
ENV/CMP - HwlHp— mu solaocn 

: R D NcMss: R E Parry: K Tavton S Tama’sevlc: P Tralnor. N J 
ffirpe w wrn Helfiemn: S D 
- K K RahK J M Roberts: C-P So: walker: L Webber. C Webster: C M 


Pond: K K Rahl; 
J P Wisniewski 
Ctass DfcPO 

CUss fe None 

CUn U, DtoMon 1: None 

CUn IL Dhrtstoo fc A D BullirenI 

iENV CHE): J J Stevenson 


School of Inlon aa i l on Systems 
Ccomputlnt and awo u n un cy) 
CUn fe J H Cummings: A H Devine: K 
B R Hornetl 

RG Ashley. 

p Douneen: m m Crvcn-Marguerat: R 
J Harrison: P G HUUer; N Huddleston: 
A O Johnson: P T B Lee: K F 
McA linden: p j McAuley: S I 
McClellancl: M Mnkovlrs. N Patel: D R 
L Retd; p R Skinner: C S Whysall: R ft 

Wen born: C A Young 

CUn Mb G C Kenny. A B Munro: S C 


School of Math— ottos and Physics 
CUn b D C AsUes: J A Baker: I O 

CUn U DMston Is S G Booth: T M F 

School of Modem Languages and 
European History __ _ 

jom pw ss B sjca issss ?" stmau 

CUss fe None 

CUn II, DMston It L M HlU: G V La 
Lain J Platt: H Woodward 

CUn 0, DMston fc C Blrkett: M C 

gSy Al- , E R Hill: I T Penfold: S Charles: P 1 Neumann: H P Ogden: S 

Snarman: D A Youngs 

Degrees awarded by the University of Sussex 

The following Degrees are an- rum cunt n m imnun (SorioiogyK 

nnnnrwl to, 7k. I inlvaniii- nf T R Parker (Urban Studies!: J C Pook 

nounced Dy trie univereiiy ol (Music): a j Roberts iDev psyl 


School of African and Asian 

First Class: C R Ellerby iHKloryr. R S 
M Fletcher i Economics): H M 
Lockwood 'Ceographyi. 

Puss C E Frederick tSocial Admin). 

School of English and American 

ThM CUss: J L Freeman (Law). 
Pur A J Reynolds 'Muslci. 

School of European Studies 

First CUss: M C Birch iFrenchi: J C 

Loneraan < Politics): A McCluskey 
(Social P^ychaloay): T P McCormack 
■History). C H Mak < Economics i: P A 
Male (Social Psychology with Cog- 
nitive Studies!: P E May up [Computing 
A Artificial Intelligence!: P G Murphy 

i Geography): D W Field (Experimental 
Psyrhofoayl E M Fautkes <Experf- 

mental Psychology): S M Funnel 
(Geography ): J D Gooch (Biology): M . 
J Kevany (Biochemistry): A S L 

First CUtC D W Davies (American 
Studies. Literature): V A Lebeau 
i English): D S Marriott lEngllshV. A N 

C Osborne t English 
Pollard iFrenchiT 

Second CUss Honours (DMston Q: M J 
Beaten (Economics): F A Behrens 
iPolillm; J PC Botsford (Philosophy). 

(Politlm: J P C Botsford iPhtlosoph: 
M A Canavan (Sociology): R F 
AEdvn (Get 

(English): D S Marrlolt lEngllshV. A M 
Mel lors i English): D S Racaaio (Ameri- 
can Studies. Literature): H M Saxbee 
iHtelory of Art): D L Stow (ptuksonhy 
with UteratureL 

Second CUn (Dtv 1): J D Bacon iLaw 
with French l: R J Balters (History 
with French); P J Beech l Philosophy 
with French): s H Broom iFrenchi: T 
H Carpenter (Economics with Ger- 

Psyrhotogyk M R Pearson tPoUUcsi: B 
Plows (Social Psychology): T J Potter 
■ Economics): V c Price (International 

11: R J Balters (History Relations): L M Rodrigues (Social 
it: P J Beech IPhitosoohy psychology with Cognitive studies): S 
fc S H Broom iFrenchi: T Salik iLawfc k L Seifert i Computing & 

Artificial intelligence): 

David (Geography i: J A Eden (Geog- 
tphvi: C R Famworth lUteralure 
nglishl: S R Feldman (Social 
Anthropology): T Ghazi (Uieraiure 

Anihropologyi: T Ghazi ■ Uieraiure 
English): A Hanrahan (Literature 
English): J A Harrop (Social 

—Qlish): J A Harrop (Social 
Anihropologyi: G I Holloway (His- 
tory i. N Humph ns (Social Anthropol- 
ogy'- ft M JofTrey (Social 
Anihropologyi: F H C Mac Donnell 
iyc 1 R Moore (Geography): 
nby (Social Anlhr 
_ _bousiier iFrenchi: C 
■French studies): T M Radge 

Anihropologyi: p s Sim 
raphyr. A P Surrey ( 

•'ebb iGeographyi: M R Williams 


SeromJ CUn (DMston E3- ^ « w»« 
■ History i: M A Birilll (International 
Relations). C M Byrne (Social 
Anihropologyi: P J Campbell 
(Eronomlcsi; V Cawson (Philosophy): 
K Cox (Social Anihropologyt: S M 
Crimmin (Sociology': M L Dyer 
(French!; H L Edmunds (Geography): 
R J Fuller (Social Anihropologyi: K 
Gill (Sociology): D Harding (Econom- 
ics): J F Hlbben (Politics): N Jarvis 
(PoUllcsi: A Jay (History): S_ A 
Jay ask era (Social Psy ' 

Jones (History) 

(Geography): A-M Uron 
Anthropology): J D Lowenst 

Anthropology): J D Lowensteln iPoll- ogyc a M 
Hcsi. Y S Luthra iHKloryr J Mannion Kenyan d 
(Geograohyc C A Menon (Inter- (Potiocs). I 
naiional Relations): K E Nash (Ptillosoph 
(French); S P O'Clear 

Second CUss <DU 1): J Acres 
(American Studies. Uieraiure): E J 
Bancroft (English); M D Bernard 

(English): R A Blckrwll (Philosophy 
with Uieraiure): A M Blake (Ameri- 
can Studies. Uieraiure): S L Bowman 
i American Studies. History). 1 J 

Bradford lEngltshi: N K BurMdge 

■History of Art): M A Burridge 
'American Studies. Uleraturrfc E A 
Butcher (American Studies. Social 
Studies): M E Card (Politics); c M 
Chapman (Law): P G Ccm.rU 1 English): 

Davey (History): R P Dollar 
■English): J C Donald (English): M H 
Downey (English with CwnnK J D 
Downing (Htstoryfc A L Dunford 

(American Studies. Social Studies): M 
H Dunnetl lEngitsb); N G Emery 
(American Studies. Uieraiure): E H 
Farrell y (Htslory of A 
■Sociology i: L Gardner 
Girven r History i: A Grant (History of 
Aril: S J Gray (English): s P Griffiths 
(American Studies. History): L A 
Kadaway (American Studies. Social 
Studies): H Had) (American Studies. 
Hlsloryl: S A Harper iMustC): T A 
Hedges (American Studies. Social 
tudlesK M J T Holland (American 
Social Studies): S Holly 
M T Hussey In (English): P G 
Hutchins (History): R James (Soctoi- 
Ogyc A M Jurascheck (Engllshfc 
Kenyan (History of Art): T Kinder 
(Politics): R Lewis (History); G J Lowe 

mam: M J Checksfleid (International (Economics): M A Shephard (Social 
Relations with German): TEN dark Psychology): A H Smith ILaw): s P 

(History with French): T A Crook Smith i Economics with Mathematics): 
(Geography with French): Ingrid M L J Smyth (Social Psychology): J E 

Delete (Politics with French r s E 
Doctors (German): M J Evans iHistory 
with French 1: H J Faulk (French): E A 

i ucs i. G M Stone (Economic 
i Sullivan (Sociology): R M 

(Human Sciences): k J McCreesh 
(Experimental Psychology): R E 
MrQuater (Biochemistry): S K Sanaa 
(Biology K G W Smith iBMMogy): P W 
Smith (Biology): J M Stroyan (Biol- 
ogy). J M swann iBIokm vfc P J 
valla nee (Neurobmion): C T WasseU 

Third fdasc M A Edwards iBto- 
chemKtrvl: P L Edwards (Human 
Sciences): S A Haysom (Bio. IDMI 

chemistry); M r Kemp (Biochenustry): V 

J Kirby /Slbiogj ): S C Lovell (BJotogyfc 

..tstoryn S Sullivan (Sociology): R M 

J Faulk (French): E A Taylor lUngutetlcs with Cognitive 

W Foy (History of Aril: A J Goomey Studies): DS H Thompson (Politics': D 
■English with French). R J Griffiths H Weinberger (Economics with 
(Economics with German): C J Guest Mathematics). 

G N Parted i Biochemistry i: C J Porter 
(Biochemistry); O G Sargent (Biology): 
H L SI eel , Biology). 

(Economics with 

(French); R a Harvey (Law with 
French r. S Hodgson (Law with 

. Ho|den iLaw v^jj, t> r . 

Second tou (Dtv H):PH Acton (Law): 
H M Adamson (Sociology): M P 
Anderson (Social Anthropoid 

Pass: J W T Harris (Biochemistry): A 
D Marson i Biochemistry). 

Accepted Aegrotat: P □ Carey (Biol- 
ogy): C J Limb (Biology;. 

avanagh (Law 

_ ..Frenchi: C F 

Lloyd (Uimulstlcs with German i: A E 
McNally (Law with German): J_R 
Mmlwwlfiw (Law wuh French): D L F »•— 

h with German): M S inirtiSoncer SJ 
ationai Relations with iLawc 

_ . . n A A ¥? i nS' JHSSSSS ScOTomlcsi: T Fort 

B A Mutien (Economkr Frangald (Economics): D J Ga 

TSS?ftfc R |li TTp SS Sl“°Sln ( r,Lav^ 

r^riTl! ; d e s c p^So a^WSSE 

yi: M S Bentley (International 
faiionsi: H M Bines (Geographyi: S 
Branch (Economics with Economic 

iMoryk. A jl Bridgw (Ecomnnim^L 

Morgan iln 

c ho logy with 
Davis (Com 

l: M F Chan (Social 
Hive studies i; S 

Intelligence): S 
ogy): S J Fanni 

School of Engineering and Ap- 
plied Science 

Fbvt class a W Eratone (Computer 

Fanning illawc fra Fleming 
— “ ForttHlstoryfc P 

Economicsi: T M Fort (Hptocyfc 
FrangaM (Economics): D J_ Ga 

iFrenchi; S P O'Cleary (French): L A 
Palllmon (Social Anihropologyi: M K 
Roberts (Social Anthropology): D S 
Sidhu (Economics i:D A Smith lUt- 
eralure English): F B Stride iFrenchn 
T j Thompson (Geography'. O P 
Topel (Social Anthropology): A 
Usman (Pouncsi: L F K Wheatley 
(History): D N Wilewardane (Econom- 
ics!; C Young i Uieraiure English). 
Thtod Class: A A Abudu (Economics): P 
W J Burns (Geography r. T Craven 

tray): A M Jurascheck (English): d J L 
Kenyan (History of Art): T Kinder 
(Politics;; R Lewis (Hlsloryl: G J Lowe 
'Philosophy with Uieraiure): S Lynn 
(English): B W Maddocfc i American 
Studies. History): S J A Millington 
Norton (American Studies. History): I 
A Monnox (Philosophy): S L Morris 
(American Studies. Uteraturefc R H 
Morion (Hlstoryr. M H A Mulrennan 
(Law): ACM Murphy (History): I 

ii): E C Owen (English with 
nenchi: D S Palumbo ilnfemattonal 
Nations with French): M Patel 
iconomics wilh French): B J_PoUack 
(International Relations with French): 
M R Raynor (Economics with Ger- 
man): L Reynolds (History of Art with 
Frenchr T R Sable rs ( German I: S M 
vage iFrenchj: c M Shelley (French 
-idles): R j Silwa (English 
ranch c l. e Smi 

dac (Dtv Q: H J Bigneil 
W Science): SIH Bowen— 
outer Science): D C Burnt — 
(EJecIronk- Engr J S M Chiang 
(Electronic Eng): M E Donophv 
(Electronic Eng): P G Eade (Electronic 
Engl: G Ha do (Electronic Eng): ST Ho 
— ~ S M Murphy (F 

Second chut (Dbr J): C D Baker 
■ Mathematics A Its Applications): A R 
Sol Held (Mauwmaticsi: S Bridgwater 
am): S J Burbidge (Mathematics); 
s B Chapman iPnysics): N J CoUctl 
(Physics': S J Dow (Physics): J R 
Easton iPhysicsi: M D Epps 
i M athematics!: R K F reran (physics): D 
J GaOacher iMathemattcal PtiystcsK R 
P Gartey (Mathematics A Statistics): A 
D Graham (Physics): R J Cray 
i Mathematics); A L Hare (Mathemat- 
ics): N Hawman (Mathematics A us 
Applications*-. P M Honey (Mathemat- 
ics & IIS Applications): B J Luff 
ucs): J M McGregor (Mathematics 

llsilcs): G C Morris (Physical: J J 

Murphy (Physics): L Pfcfcworas 
(Mainemailcs A Statistics): N J 
ctifTe (Mathematical Physics): M 
■Physics t A Rlngrose (Malhematicsi: 

K Sarpai (Physics): M SuictiOe (Phys- 

Second class Q»v II): R c Ashton 
iPhysicsi: L A Sinks (Mathematics): D 
1 Brazier i Physics): a R Briscoe 
(Mathematical Physics): C Chapman 
i Mathematics): J Chee (Physics): S A 
Coles (Physics): O J Coughlin (Pfrys 
lesi: J R F Cnntenden (Mathematics * 
its Applications): T j< Everitt < 
(Mathematics): J c Hammond i 
(Mathematics!: S W Harris (Physics): J 
’ (Physics), j E C Healey 
Mathematics): W J Hobbs iMathemat- 1 
tes & statistics): J Jenkins (Mathcmat- 1 

in & its Applications 
(Physics): K J Machin 

Despite the encouragement of 
the crowd at Brands Hatch, still 
euphoric from the success of the 
British Grand Prix winner Nigel 
Mansell a week earlier, the Silk 
Cut Jaguar XJR6s could only 
manage fourth and sixth places 
in the Shell Gemini 1,000 
kilometre race on Sunday. They 
were not able to recapture their 
glory in the 1 . 000 kilometre at 
Silvcrstonc earlier m the year. 
The race was won by Bob 
Wof/ck. of France, and the 
Italian Mauro Baldi in a Porsche 

Anothcr Porsche 956. driven 
bv. Derek . BcU and West Ger- 
mans Hans Stuck and Klaus 

By a Special Correspondent • - 

ouragement of Warwick and Jo Schlesser, of 3. 
ids Hatch, still France, finished an honooraUe : 
: success of the fourth and the second Jaguar.^ 
k winner Nigel driven by the -American Eddie * 
arlier. the Silk Chcever and Gianfranco - 
Ss could only Branca teili. of Italy, was sixth, j 
id sixth places Warwick led for a brief period* 
iremini 1,000 ' but niggling pit stops cost ihem- 
Sunday.They time they could ill-afford agaiist 
ecapture then- the Porsches, which ran the race v 
] kilometre at with almost clockwork precision ; 

•< ' it ? i 

•: • u 

stopping only for fuel and tyres. ; 

Because of four incidents in.' 
the race, in which there were no c 
injuries, the pace car was called * 
out and. for a total of about 40 . 
minutes the cars cruised around 
the circuit in procession. Due to; 
the tight fuel regulations (the-, 
cars are allowed 114 gallons).* 
this enforced rest suited the* 
thirstier lurbo-chaxged Porsches 1 
who were able to raise the boost i 
and therefore the power on their was a facility denied; 
the Jaguars and without turbo- - 
charged engines. Jaguar are: 
struggling to be consistently; 
competitive. 1 

Following their second place.f- 
Deick Bell and Hans Stuck lead: 

Ludwig, was second but only 
just. With four laps in hand over 
thc third placed car. Stuck 
slopped just before the finish 
with severe problems and only 
crept over when the winner 
flashed past to claim second 
place. Third were Thierry 
Boutscn. of Belgium, and Frank 
Jclinski. of Austria, in a Porsche 

All • the .Porsches were 
powered by turbo-charged en- 

■ -. j «<■* 

S'- r ' 

• - * 

'StltJ* rrTw -W" • — 

■ - * ■ ■ 

Ideal Engl, r- , 

iMectvankral E 
I outer Science 

roootogy): D A 
oiogyi: G J _ 

„ ._ r fc S Guru (Politics): _ _ 

Huh Haichrtl dnlwnatlona) Relations): L J 
or Ad wiui •■ alclwr (Economics): S A Hooey 
leograptiyi: p N HopHjts (Social 
W .miij. V- ,« wra ir .rnvj. psymology); A B Howie (Philosophy 
wMfi Social Bomcek J M Howl 
Franchf. S A Smith lEconomto wSh ifelSB^s^jSSSS 

French): R J Wall (Law with French): frJbrrraDh v LP EkastiH-r (Krorraira 
'f^nch'-- M S Znktoricz (EoSSnSnTB 

(German). Kogan (Economics): M p Lambis 

Smnd OMt (Div 3): S G Allcock (international Relation*): H E 
iFrenchi: S J M Bradshaw (Franchi: S Lam 

McCotlcr (Mathematics 
‘ Nutt (Phystcsfc C 

n iv nuuhn lu-uunniov 1 o 

_ Kogan i Economics): M P Lam bis 

Cteu (Div 8)s S G Allcock (international Relations): H E 
i); S J M Bradshaw (Franchi: S Langford (Economics): L Le Feuvre 

Murray (History): M K Murrta (En 
*--*■): A M NKhgl (English); C h 

R Buchanan i Intellectual History with (Social Anthropology with Cognitive 
French): D Chadda (Germane R G Studies): F J McCafllum (GeowaphyM 

' r. A M Nlchol ( 
n (Law): M Pa 
tudles. Uteraturer. J 

ngtishh C N 
>1 (American 
Pape lAmeri- 

*■ J Burns 'Geography i- T Craven 

History': S J B Ethenon (Geography): a 1 W T 

: J Le-ui heaicr (Economics): A Schartwn (Ewgjstifc A H 

Cohen iHMary of Art wilh liallam: P T M McCarthy (Social Psychology': C 
A H Dodds (Htslory of An with C Mullins (Internationa] Relations). M 
Frenchr. D C S M Fisher (FrenchK S 4 M Nolan (Politics): N JL M Noonan 
Fitzgerald (French': J N Gibbons (Social Psychology): J O 1 Mara iSociol- 
(Frenchfc B M Giles (Italian Studies): S ogyi: M A O'Nflll (H Storyfc O A 

Grant (UngulsUcs with French): J Ostfeso (Economics!: B w K Pang 

A A Ostrowskl (Computer Science 
'i Preece (Mechanical Eng); I 

: J C Taylor 

, w (Electronic 

Eng>: D Wilson (Electronic Eng), 
second tons (Dtv ID: J W Bartow 
(Control Engfc J M Base (Mechanical 
Engr. M D Brea ley (Mechanical Eng“ 
W K Bvulanl I Electrical Engfc P . 
Clark (Electronic Eng); 
□omngton (Electronic Engx _ — 
Abed (Electronic Engl: D A Eli ion 
(Eleclronksi; J L Foster (Electronic 
Eng): M E Francis (Electronic Engc N 
Giannopoulos i Electronic Engfc W 
Grant (Electronic Engi: C Hart 
■Mechamcai Eng): W J Hicks 
.Mechanical Eng): P J Hulbert 
(Mechanical Eng): R S Khabra (Elec- 
tronic Engi; M S Khan (Electronic 
Engi: M J Laving! on (Computer 
Science): S W Lee (Electrical Engi: R P 
Lower ‘Mechanical Engc M J Mans- 


(Physics): A M Reed (Mathematics) 

S Remond (Physic*): P Si reeve 
i Mathematics): G G Smith (Mathemat- 
ic* A Statistics): H R E Tylherleigti 
(Phygcsu E wayte (Mathematics): JY 
J Wei i Mathematics A Statistics): T M 
Willis i Mathematics A statistics): P J 
Woodward (physics). 

TMrd class: G A Baleley (Physics): D M 

powered by turbo-charged en- the world sportscar drivers - ' 
gincs and they proved too championship with 70 points f. 

powerful on the undulating hud (against Derek -Warwick’s 42.-:. . 

twislin 6 Brands Hatch circuit Ray Mallock and David Lest 
iwnsf* 5 c jjowi I for the non-uirbo-charged six- lie in the Ecurie Ecosse Austin'- 
WwssfiLE 1 1 litre VI2 Jaguars. Rover-powered V6 car finished 

I The Grand Prix driver Derek seventh lo win their class. 


Champion (Physics): K * 
Chan (Mathematics): R Clark 
(Mathematics A Statistics!: T J Con 
tin (Physics i : j Fanner (Mathema — 
A Statistics): A R Fitton (Mathematics 
A Statistics): C B Ford (Mathematics A 
Its Applications): C L Giles (Logic A 
Mathematics r. B Gravler (Physics): C 
L Green (Mathematics A Its Applica- 
tions): T Hutching* iMathematics): M 
P Keane (Physics):, N W Lauder 
i Physics): C H Lee (Mathematto*): S P 
Lloyd (Mathematics): G Marsh 

Dominant Danes set 
Britain thinking 

, \ 

impulsion ; 
iS Africa ; 
i table ; 

By Keith Mackiia 

Britain's riders and managers 
wDl spend the next six weeks 

of demonstration that is ro 
served only for the best when 

McClellan (imernational R da ho ns 1: m g J a™ 

L Thomas (Social Psychology). B "° w 

School of Cultural and Commu- 
nity Studies 

First Class K H Adler iHislory): J Silver i 
Cunnlnglon lEngtish): S W Gardner iHhdon 

iSoaoiogyi; M Kinqewood *Dcv P*yh Street/ . . . ...... 

H K Platzer (Dev Pryw H Pieasance can Studies. Uieraiure): S Taroett 
(Engl tofu: R G Whittaker (History). (History): S W T rev is (History): S C 
Second Blass (Div l):CL Bari ram (Dev 

•English): S C Robins (Philosophy): C 
B Row*e (Philosophy;: J Rush (En- 
ish): M R Senior (American Studies, 
teraliiret: A G Shaw (American 
udtes. History): C E Shepherd 
■ Phuosoohy with Uteraturefc □ M 
Silver (History of Arm F D Sinclair 
' 1 Speare (Sociology ): A E 
ishfc D M Sutctifie (Ameri- 

Cyss (Economics with Italian): P M (Developmental Psychology with Cog 
Hamm iHbtory. with French): J mine Studies): D B Partridge tinier 

Hamm (History with French): J mine Studies): D B Pa 
Hanntson (French): P HKken (Law national Relations): H 
with French); P S Howell (Economics (Social Psychology): I 

field (Electronic Engi: P N MayeU 
(Mechanical Engfc H M Mills (EJec- 
ironic Engi: M vv Nayler (Computer 
Science); R Nicholas (Electronics): S 
Parhnia (Electronic 
Papaloannou i Elect ronlc 

Jesse) (French): A E Joshl (History with Mai 
with German): S PJ Knapper (History (Sociology 
with French): J A Loton iFrenchi: F C (Sociology: 
Macfarlane (English with Russian); A Anihropol 
J S McVay (Law with French): F K R C Shaw 

Psa-i; L A Beanlands (Urban Studies): 
P V Bowen (Sociot 

P V Bowen I Social t 
■ Engltshl: M Cleary > 

): P A Brown 
at Admin): A 

C-oates iHtslory): S K N Cooney 
(Philosophy!: S D Lullo (English!: M K 
Donoqhue (Sociology)-. B B Dunne 
Dev Psyc T C B Elllan iHistoryc M B 
Evans (Urban Studies): H M 
Fazakerley (English!: J H Grace 
(English): C J Haddock (Dev Psyfc S W 
Half (Dev Psyr. J J Heather (Social 
Admin': J □ Hoika (Dev Psyfc S H 
Hurst (Sociology); W R Jacob (Urban 
Studies): A Jones (Urban Studies): K 
Kendell iDev Psyr B K Lewis 
•Sociology): J C Lewis IDev Psyfc S P 
Llneham (Sociology): M LUineii (His- 
tory': O F Lowensteln (History): H E 
McCaustand (History of Aru. j 
McCree (History of Arts J M Maclaine 
(Dev Psy): S J Martin (Social Admlni: 
M Mayhew iHKlory): J a Oliver 
(English): R J A Palmer (History of 

i Htslory): S W T rev Is (History): S C 
Twyman (American Studies. Lit- 
erature): R D w‘— — — — - 

Willetts I English): J 

J L WoHTvys '(English): W Woolf 
IMusKK S A Wrtgley ‘Philosophy with 
Uieraiure): J Yeuram (English): N O 
York (Music). 

Noakes i Geography with French); K A 
O'Doherty (English wilh French): C B 
Oldfield ‘Philosophy with French): J K 
Oliver ( French- - " — 

in 'Law national ReiationS): H F Pearson 

_ . .. ^ ^ _ Onomlcj (Social Psychology): R. P Pipkin 

with French): n j Jago (French): R I A (Economics); p R Redhead (Economics 

Jesse) (French): A E Joshl (History with Mathematics): J E Rttchte 

(History (Sodotogyl: K Sandhu (Law): C J Scott 
chc F C (Sociology): D K Seacombe (Social 

" - - fc R a Sena < Economics): 

. (clology): J R Shepheard 

. .. .. -- w N 

... Intent 
tics): P G 

(Mathematics A Its Applications): j B 
McGee 1 Physics); J G Morgan 

i Mathematics); K L Neal (Mathemat- 
ics): L A Pritchard (Physics): K M 
Rennie (Mai hematics A Statistics): S G 
Sheppard (Mathematics A Its Applica- 
tions): d E Steel (Physical: L vjuvoe 

Penver (Electronic Eng): K DA PUlay 
(Electronic Engfc B Shah (Computer 
Sctencer. T j Shefford (Electrical Eng): 

conducting exhaustive tests of they trample all over British 
motorcycles, tyres and starting stars. 

Martin (French): T Miles iHWoryl: H (Law): S M Squibb isociol 
C Mitchell {lEntriMl with Frenchj: D E stein (Computing A ArU 
Motler (Linguistics with French): G D 

... _ — _ ineefc DAP TanneU (" 

atson (Sociology i. 
w!!h rmutn- j k ’™ Ttf K S Beaumont rSoclol 

K E S until (Electronic 
Taylor (Civil Ena 
(Electronic Eng': S 
(Elec Ironic Engl. 

Engi: K J 
C Wegerif 
TAR Zanoun 

Paw C J Burbage (Physics): D A 
Casull i Physics c A Do Kin (Physics): S 
A Farrington iMathematics); G Finch 

techniques in an attempt to find 
an answer to the threatened 
Danish monopoly of world ti- 
tles. Erik G undersell, the dash- 
ing Dane, has made h dear that 

■Physics): S M Gtlhy (Physics): N S 
ribbie (Logic * Mathematics): — " 

Gondeisen was all smiles at 
the winners' press confidence 
staged by the sponsors Sunbrhe.- 
Behind the relaxed good hu-. 
mour and broad grins was the 

^=-v >• - 

mm dass T D Adams (Electronic 
Eng): M Alllofl «compuier Science)-. E 
G Ang {Electronic Engfc 

Saoond Ctass (Dtv 3): A K Aaekroyd 

nlr c a RMnd Hllller (Economic History): R 
i~pntSrtf lUkiLT h Kulasegaran (Law;. M j Ku ok 
rS-Stawvu .‘rm.r?. n 1 *? (Economics): D L Marriott (Politics): J 

G Ang (Electronic Eng): J L Arm- 
strong (Control Engl: S J Baker 
(Computer Science): S L Bills (Elec- 

• American Studies. Social services): 
HA I AUagoa (Law): R Amos (History!: 
T E Banks (Htslory): A j Barker 
(History of Art): S V BeH ( Sociology c 
A M Bevan (American Studies. 
History): N H V Blnney (Engttsh): A J 
F Birch iPhBosophyi: J Blagden 
(History); F F R Botsford (English;: T 
A Brunt (History of Aril: F MBufftni 
( English): M Chan (Internationa) Reia- 
lori-j); I S Comley (International 
delations): T Cooper (American Stud- 
ies. Hlsloryl: N Davey (American 
tudies. Soria) Studies): M Deardon 
* S A Dccvle (English); N J T 

(Law): M A Edwards (Engllshfc 

D J P Evans (English): M a Fieri 
(American Studies. History i; D P J 
nindau (History >: c A Fox (Music): s 
A Galloway (Enghsh): A-M Carneri 

ATU. J F Parkinson ‘Lndbtil; D R 
Percy (Philosophy): D_J ; — 

frame Engi: P A Bunn {Electronic 
Engfc SCR Constable (Electronic 
Engi: P J Davey (Electronic Eng): A 
Furtado (Mechanical Engi: R . A 
Hendiey (Mechanical Engc J A G Kite 
iDecrronlC Eng!: A Kouml (QvU Engfc 
G Kung (Electronic Eng): R J Leggett 
(Computer science >: W W S Liu 

Davey (Electronic Engfc A 
(Mechanical Engfc R . A 

Smith tFrench): T E Smith (French): P Pate A G Bulcher (Philosophy wuh 
j Snowdon (Geography with French): Cognitive Studies): M Kulynycz (So- 
‘ " rial Psychology): K A Lever iLinguts- 

J E Spooner (French): N Sleilmacher rial Psychology): K A Lever iLInguts- 
( English with French): S J Stuart Ucs with Cognitive Studies): N Pavlou 

Hughes (Mathematics dc Its Appbca- 
nonsc M Lang (Physicsfc M R 
Laurence (Mathematics A Its Applica- 
tions). K Oureshl (Mathematics A Its 
a op! (rations); S W Simms (PhysKsfc G 
Slack (Mathematics A its Applica- 
tions). I 

he is looking for his hat-trick of winner who detests losing ex- 
world individual titles this year cepl when he. chooses to steer.’ 

(Computer Sctencefc W W 

(FrenchK Aiba swarbrick (Engttsh (Economics): S Wu (Economics), 
wilh Rusetemt Anita Swan® (History _ . . _ 

(Electronic Engfc M M Malik (Elec 
1 P Neada lOvU Engj: J J 

A Galloway lEngUshfc A-M Cantori 
(American Studies. Uteraturefc R C J 

Cereart Wright Ctotellectual Hlstoryr. 
R J Golden (Politics!: A P Coktman 

Percy (Philosophy): _ - ----- 

(Sorioioqyi: I Scam me! I (Sociology): R FUndaU (History): C A Fox (Musk:): S 
J Sekula (Phliosophyfc C J Sharp a Galloway lEngUshfc A-M Garneri 
i Geography >: K C Smith (Urban (American Studies, uteraturefc R C J 
Studies): G P T Snroson (Urban Gerrard Wright (tntetiectual Hlstoryr. 
Studies); W L Stern (Sociology): E C 
Sweeney (History): J Thackeray (En 

(dish); S Th cod onto u (Dev Pari: P M A _ 

Turner iCeographyr: R Twyman- Green (American Studies. 

Heaven iHivioi-v): a Vlnicombe (En- P Hall (Hbtoryfc B R 

* *01: J M Waugh (Htstofy): S F Hnlernattonal Relations): M A Ham 

right IDev Psy'. ' 

Second Oass 

raph^: J D Bd'liin (Sbrial Admlnfc PS Stud jefc ~U te rahne): . V Mr im- 
Baxter (Dev Psy): A L Benjamin jlrilellectual >J G Holme 

■ History): A M Burl (EngltshE A F iHlstoryL M K Jacobs Haw) T 
Clowe* lEngKshi: J Cotton lEngllshfi N Jones iHKtoryfc V D Jongs (Engl 
Cox i Social" AdnUnc L Davies lEn- wilh Oaralcs): 
gltshl: s P R Elms (MusicE C Enklnr Htoloryfc D A 
(English i : K J Farley lEngUshfc L KM A Mcinerrwy tPoil 
Fay iHtetoiy of Art): M L Freeman MacMaho anternatic 
fDev Pw): M T Cayton (English): L J C Mitchell tones (InusnaUonal Rela- 
Geary (Urban Ssusifai: S Hall iSocttd- ttorafc E M Needham 

of Art wnji .FYencm JE Taylor School of Biological Sciences 

(Germanfc N J Turner (French!: P J n— ,, Jl r . o n™,^. 
walkjns LFrenchfcL Wayne iLaw with ^ 

Greto (Btorhemisiry): P A 
* iBtoctiemtstry): A KraSl 
fc F J Lofty (Biology): G J 

pSJriSiogy F Qaal tExperi ' 


TMRi CtoBKl K J Ashfold (French): C C 
P Benoit (French): N J Douef (History 
wilh French): S J Redman (German): 

H M Waldron (Geography!. m 

Pass: C K Joyce (German), a D Sharp s* 
(Economic* with Italian) C M Vivian in 
(L aw wHb Russian). sc 

ironic Engi: I P Neads (Civil Engj: J J 
Parker lElectronlC Engi: S Pearson 
I Mechanical Engl: J P Robinson 
■Mechanical Engi: J S Sail (Electronic 

Engfc B S Shah (CohipuIiT Sdencec N 
Shirvlnmon lEtectrontcsj: M M 
Sid diaul (Civil Engi: R p Thomson 
■Electronic Eng): J C Walker (Elec- 
tronic Engfc K Wilson (Electronic Engfc 
M D Wood (Electronic Eng); W-W 
Zhuang (Electronic Engfc K FZtouche 
■Control Engi. 

UncbsstftMb A P A rms t ron g cElec- 
I route Engl. 


Second dam <Dfv O: C E Airwen 
(Neurobiology): R J Barker (Human 
Sciences): a C Bosanquet (Biology i. t 
Bosiock (Human Sciences): S H 

School of Chemistry and 
Molecular Sciences 

Rrsf Blast: G D Mistro (Theoretical 
Chrmisiryi: S G Dutch (Chemistry): S 
Garrett (Environmental Science): S c 
Knight (Theoretical Chemistry): G E 
Pilgrim (Chemistry): J D Rees iChem- 
phy!tofc D 

Saeond atom QHv Dr I H Balchln 
(Chemistry': J M Brunt (Chemistry): 
M C R Cockett (Chemical Physical: J P 
Easion (Chemistry): H T James 
i Environmental Science): A E Janes . 
(Chemtsiry;: C C Jones (Bio- . 
chemturyfc A J Kenyon (Chemical 
Physlc-vi: p G Lethbridge (Chemical 
Physics): K G MCKay (Chemtstryl: K L | 

as a stepping stone towards 
establishing the domination 
over individual events that was 
exercised by the Ivan Mauger, 
the New Zealander in the 60s 
and 70s. 

home a colleague in a leant 


■ jnau 


: -■'■WS 

The cocky tittle man wean on 
flamboyantly impromptu laps 
of. honour during his lS-pout 
maximum at the inter-conti- 
nental final in Bradford on 
Sunday. He waved cheerfully to 
the home supporters who had 
booed him heartily during the 
pre-event presentations, the son 

He left . do doubt in ins 
answers that his aim was to' 
make it three in a row in next 
month's world final at Katowice 
in Poland, and the presence 
alongside him of Hans Nielsen,' 
his great Danish rival and 
Tommy Knudsen, who were 
second and third on Sunday.-, 
made it yet another Danish 
shut-out of home riders, even 
though England managed to get 
four men through to the finals' 

"meri can studies. Literature): A J 

. - -ran (inttmattonai Rrtauomn t j 

R Twyman- Green (American Studies. Hbtoryfc C 
Vlnlrombe (En- P Hall (History): B R HarUngtor 
(Htslory;: S F Unlemational Relations); M A Harri 
son (Engttsh): AD Haywood (Ameri 
M J A Alton can Studies. History* J J Hazel! 
Baldwin (Geofe (Soriologyfc N W H)U (American 

v _M r Hindu- 

School of Social Sciences. B a r Buttor <bio± 

"" HUsSSS s* 

Pass: R J Graves (Engineering A 
Applied Sciences): P MUTT (Engineer- 
ing * ApMtod Sciences): R Perry 
■Etocorlcal Engr. M S Pulzer (Control 
Engi: A S Rnlhort- (Engineering A 
Applied Sciences): M R Sarktianl 
■ Electronic Engineering). 

Oldbury flamm N Oemlracaman (En- 
gineering A Applied Sdenresfc A C 
Feinson (Engineering A Applied Sci- 
ences): K S Its haw (Electrical Engl: S 
Khalil! (Englneermg & Applied Sci- 
ences): Y T Kocak lEngtneertng A 
Applied Sciences): P J Ladrowski 
(Civil Engi: C D Minns (Computer- 
Sciences): A M Suknnandan (Median!- 

ii History): G Holme 

M K Jacobs (Lawfc T ~ 
lory): V p Joiks (Engl 

ar P P^¥SiSn: P c D 8 ari S{S& §£££¥% 

iGeographyfc A J Waldron (Law). 

Jones (History): V D Jones (English 
With Classics): J Kirby flnteuectual 

/rv.™ (Biology* J A Jones (Human Sd- 

(COmputingA encesfc H T Judd (Experimental 
wJrfn£ .KJr* 1 Psychofcwyfc C J Laud (Biology;: J 

_ waidron iLaw). MarchanT iGeoarapity): S T May 

9«Mfd dut: CDt* Q: m S Bacon (Btologyr. H M MllctUrwon iBlologyj: S 
^ocMogyfc j Bell (Economics): A J Pearman iBtocnemtsoy): N L Rabey 

Mctnerney tPoil 

Carabin lEconomicsfc A J Carter (Neurobioiogyfc K e Reynolds (Bto- 
reconomlcsfc K Oowmi (Htstoryfc T chemWryfc I J H Roberts (Blo- 

M Needham 

reconomjcsfc K Ooweu iHistoryfc T chemMryfc _ 
Cowper (Economicsi: C S Davies chemistry): 
(Social Psychology;: S C Dewey iBKxhemtslrv 
(HUtorafe R Earwaker (Computing A mental PajcJ 

ooy): L S Hart (EnglfcshJ; J Hocking Studies. Literature). J R Nunns 
iPnilosaphyl. T P Jackson Fellden (HBIfliyljJ S OWlWd flfbloiy of flrl): 

Artificial Jn^eUgencefc m 

(Oograpny): J o R Jones (Dev Psy): A 
M Kruthoffer. (Sociology):. S M Lary 

A M Phelps (American studies. 
Literature): Redge [English): D A Ridd 
(Politics): L J Santcross (Politics)-. M J 
Seaby (Law): C MStrmnmM (History) 

(His lory fc V Millard (Social Admin K H (JtoUUcSfc L J Saatq ow (P OlittcSfc M J 
D E Mills (Sociology): J K Newman Seaby rLawfc C M Slimnom iHWopr) 
(History): P M Nugent (Social Admlni: N SJ.- tncr (Law): D J Tee ffiijrttshfcJS 
A S OWn (Sorfcuoqyfc E S Pelting- L Trew (Musk'fc J STurner OEnahsh.) - . 
Fidford iHbwrv ol Art): J L Read A TurveV fHtewry of ArtfcZ L Vlner 

Fuiford (Htetory of Art): J _ - 

(Hlsioryfc J R Reece (Mustek T A 
Rouse (Geography); H a Seward 
i Geography i : P j 
raphy); A J Timms 
young (English). 

ti- Awfc j P Franks (Econamksk O L 
Halpern lSoclal PsychologyK S P 
Hand (Soriologyfc K si Hatchett 

(Economics): T Hyndley (PoUtlcs)- K K , .. _. 

James (Potiiicsi: P d Johnson M C wollenden (Experimental 
fErtjwmgfc r W Joiner (Dev^l Psycbotogyfc 

, wl1 ^ .CdSnlHve s«Sond dus (Dtv H): R Aden walla 
Snidimfc D_ Jonm (Hntoryfc h a Jones (Btochemtttryfc L J Anthony (Bfoiogyfc 

_ P Robinson 

iBtocnenttstryi: C P Sharp (Experi- 
mental Psyrhotocnl: A M Shepherd 

! F Welch (Enertmenial 
. - c S A wiKox rBioiogyfc A 
K Wilson I Expert menial Psycho low): 
M C wollenden (Experimental 

(Chemistry): R Pahnke iChemtstryk S 
J Ptckerlil (Chemical Physics)- u 
Taluddln (Biochemistry); s c T, 
(Chemical Phystcsfc J E U 

(Chemical Physics i: D S Well. 

(Chemistry!: .M A WUllam* (Chem- 
tstryfc M J Wynn (Chemical Physical. 
Second etou (Div II): S Barker 

Lee runs out of chances: 


(Chemtstryi: m a williams (Oiem- ’ Michael Lee, aged 27, the 
^ M i' Arn !L!?^ p ^ 1 ' former worid champion, has 
(Envi ronmen tal Science)*: l BMMI [ been pfaced on the transfer lis 

Two National League dubs 
have expressed an interest in? 
signing Lee, although be has 

(Environmental Science!: K L Cheung I by hlS Club. King's Lvnn af&r caW K. JZ* “*«ugn ne has 
(Chemtstryl: A D Coslelto (Environ- I ■ .iTr ' tUU:r SSId OC W3S DOt SUIE Whether he 

mental Science); M J Dance (Chon- I Completing a month’s SUSpCn- W3S hnereaert 
^CJa^lOtiifeMTH Sion for feilino tnh,m,mhs7M. ^J^ieSted U, Signing for 

islry): C Doughty 
Evans. (Chemistry 

cal Engfc K J Waters (Engineering A 
Applied Sciences). 

Islry): R D Marshall 
P Mlao iChemtttryfc 

'A J M Johnson 

sion for foiling to turn up to ride, anyone efoe. 

(EngUshfc P N Waters (English): W A 
Watson (History of .Artk V H 
Whitehead (EngUah with Classic ' ~ 

Wong (Engllshfc M s wrtoley dni 
tual History); SIR Zone (History;. 

.SiSKyi £■ A J orws (Biochenitsttyfc L J Anthony (Btotogyfe 


Applied Sciences). 

School of Mathematical & 
Physical Sciences 

Rret mass; J c Adam (Mathematics A 
Statistics): J P Bird iPtunricsfc H A 
Brantley [Physics': O Collin 
iMathematics): S P Cordtogley 
iMathematics): E J Hagorr 
Mjlhcmahtyi: R M Hen derson t 

wilh. Social Science!: r g Un 
fpltuegophy With Linguistics): 

Dowd (Experimental 
Drepaul iBlochemlstryfc C 

lesfc P Hudson (Lo 
Leaver (Physics 
(Mathematics A its 
Rogers (Physics) 
(Mathematical Physicsfc A 


iChemtstxyfc A J Robtnsoo (Chem- 
istry;: S J Shipp (ClWfnlstiyfc A K I 

Sparkes (Environmental Scle * — 

Urwin lEnvtronmenlal Brief 
Ward (Chemistry): R J Young v 
cal Physicsi. 

Third etas*: H A Barnard (Chemistry): 
S w Blrmung) fEHochendstiyk DAM 
Callewacrf i Biochemistry;: M E 
Han ratty (Enrironmeiuai sctoncefc T 
A Hams lOwmisiryfc R j Hudson 
(Chemlshyl: D A K ebbed (Environ- 
mental Sctencefc AN MarahaU tChem 

be had completed a year’s 
suspension for another mis- 
demeanor. has told him to go. 
Rogers said: “It will be in the 
duo's and Michael Lee’s interrat 

.Lee, who was world cham-* 
pion at 21, threw away the 
opportunity of a lucrative career 
because of his behaviour. Last 
Sf® 6 ” “W Ws rebel ridef 
SSLS never ride for 

King’s Lynn again while he was 
promoter, but later relented. 

i 'MW* 

J W.» : 

; tSfefi 

PhVhcs) N J Morris (Blochembtryfc T 
w Swadllng (Chemte^fc^ 

Rus I R Parkin (Chemistry). 

for him to have a fresh start Ho T e yfr die latest incident ha« 
; elsewhere.” pushed Rogers too for. 


The following first-class hon- 
ours degrees have been awarded 
by the University of Wales, ft is 

First-class degrees at the University of Wales 


l u 

- f *4? 

S3- { W 

:-3 I. JEW 

MW« A tDtwnutanal PoBtiO*: R A 


the policy of the university to 
publish only the results of those 

publish only the results of those 
who have attained first class 

EitgailE J A Dennis: H F OUptianL 
Walsh: M Baines: M Evans 

Walsh: M Baines M Evans 
gSSBTAiU^SE G M BuDcetoy 

University College, Cardiff 

E du e at toa : R c Daim. 
H^S J Smdta*K'E Sponcvr. 

University College of Swansea 

Entbsle J M wntiams. 

Hteny: R F Alford. 

B Eng: 

CumU EnghMalns: J J Adams: M J 
Drape: R S Ktogdon. 


Aocwifamy: j g RawUngs. 

England medal chance 

- aba 

Rtuatec A J Bra dflel_ 
En0Hi A tttxmyi P c 


UCW Aberystwyth 

Welsh: E E Davies: E O Davies 
VU4IM WC R Head 
Cetnc StodlCK R L Lewis 
Carman A History; E-M Nelson 


UbrartwMp & Edn a aito nt c J Danda 

Garnan Lannnn A Mpctani Ganvmy; P wS^iw 

U^%&& s A^s^feD ttashii 

FtomA A VMdrl A Davies bivSM^Sfr 

Edwztinal SnidMt a Physical Ed oca- SricS B 

Don: l R Smflh Room; P . 

HB JO iw n arics: S J Appleton: A □ Mh rehtola p: P p Baker- 

Marshall: C Owen: H A WUUams. GaoyaiWq^ M W BaK etfc^ 

ZgatoflR R S Beckwith. Aimhcan llaifail StkAs A G 

Home fcttwomtos a A Cartson: s v gevh- _ _ _. 

i tori i mfen E toj ne ef l ne S J Cun)K c F Kee aSonS" - ? 1 ^ Kelly: G J MerrriL 

tfT 'a r^i^ OpiraU0O1J 

Davies: B M Davies: A James: P SSSSPUP. f U£3S£ ,K *’ 


Eoenento A Social Hlctory: p M 

kcnramle (M^a' E o oneinki g K E 

B Pham 

D Chains: S M Caramte; M L Hughes: I Defeats by C an a ria - ntul pi nnf i - _ , 

t Australia fo the^L tiLSS 

By Peter Tadow 

EntfUte p m Goddard. 

D G Boden: Oiling 
Kelly; D J MertreU. 



Aopflsd Physics: T S PoUard. 

ApgUad O tam la ny t S M Davenport: K 

Umvarsin School at Thooto0 
Atorystwym and LaKpnv 

BDs E Rtcltarns. 


A Francis 


Geoxraotry: A T Evans: I L Morrtr. S 
Williams . _ 

GooIosf D K LoydetL H D Slndatn B 
D Trudgiti 

Convuter Sctaneo: J J Plnkave 

Chomis&ys G Smith 

Micro bmcotmIci a empunfep R o 


Pw* Matnsmsae* a AppOed Matbamat- 
fttPJ Bowen 
Botany A Zootaires M P Dale 
GMgmhy « SatUtfcE A J . Dav ey 
ftw' MmiaaiUc) A StMOsOo: V J 

^npSw^Schnor^Acciiiimtiip J M 


Etoetraoto Euhwadr 
Apntta .BtoMDR J ) 

:K J A Book: M 
I EnlwttOe „ 
onion: j EBron 

Forextrr a Harkett M J Tgwnsem 


MattiamatlBC G 8 MauterD M Simpson 

SantanHMuV: Physfoal Crtnuatfar. p l 

Matt Btotafy * O caa no p utty: R C 


B$c Econ: 

tofamatto««ad Potttoa ft t a ttnaUoml 

B Eng 

C J B Adcock: M Lyariko: R H Newell; 
V D Roberts: PC SPN»dbuiy: P S 

B Mbs 

D K Jones. 





F Hobbs. 

gSS^: P B J vffi, WW0 ^ SfflSl&^SSSrJHBumdred: 

Oa®^W 4 Isssitticai S J Shenton. A R HlNto- 

MKrabtotoefe J A Hodges: M A C tMntotiyt O M aements. 

ScournetdT Dwtanr: I K Gath: A H Ki ng. . _ 

MWbSSi*^ I «»i Cenonoe'j A R GU morq; J D WM^le- 

Ormson. Etarapen Brahms Snans D C Halls. 

CHpfayxtoK C Peirce. Pm* H ritual Whir C Hughes: M G 

Physics ft Wa itatMiBxtlsa: H C Price. Porch. _ _ . 

Phystox P H Randle- M SnjEia iont Selene* wtth Sneiiwn 

PtVflN ft ApjXtod Mathemadca ft ggattn A cj jgfrato. ___ 
Astreneoyi D w Thomas. WS?** " 

Physics wtth Laser PltystoK M L 

md 1 EMSQuuM Engineering: n Hg^ameai nalimilni A M McLean: 

K I Middleton; m ftdmer: N H S 

stndhBc e 2 

m&eoattl seetotoofe m Eg* J FSSSSS" * AppKM 

O gMiittl l e Optic*: M E Moore: M J 

Miufisaudtt ft ta AntHottoras K A 

Wheeler I P wills. 

AreMiectuni Stud**: S P Berriman: K 

Gwent rnfemn nf lyw _ 

Bm Engbnd canstffl lake the 

b Ed: 5 m Lewis. oiDozc medal as, with only three ^ the death fcaefi for 

i^T^cu^i 01 other countries competing, they England’s chances as Australk 

g se d B~LTO)mas. wj! go auiomaticaDy into the pounded in six goals without 

wmtomL M BeDlley: A JaCflbi5 E B thud and fourth jriay-o£& on response. _ , 

n e wdea hot of M*atw Edncaiiea Thursday afternoon. ^ After the third Session Auscra- 

b Im c a Burgan: fm sadier. In the first game England lost lia led 12*d but in the final 25 

gemf ice*™, Btewr to Canada 1 5- 12 in a match feat minutes both sides scoredfive 

TitfSi? Kfibcriy; A could have gone Engtend's way goals. . r 

as they were never more than England , scorers were Mart 

Igmttttnsrn “i at ^ 3ss^^<^SSwm 

Repem: e p Thomas: c b wuiums. half time and the thud ouaner Short (2) wtli one each' hv Jack 

ft ll £Z , WcSSS 1, x B, -rS!5S u “ ^ w* trailiM tar only one Simpson, Keith Gosnav. Jim 

sssRsi; saas di'tMaTrfrs 

«« for (he final on {BHiSSaSSiSS 

55? Jrtasi * *»•«*** 

“WU wr JOCK yi[ v w,, ,. _ i 

Symington and I 

>an match. Etf- > 

fed 17.1 L-B* ^ ! 

ELaSSUfJ Usenet, 
BSc Tech 

BScDbl Thomas. 

bbduw a E B 

Glover S A P 

pseur 1 / 


S Davis: K Kilby, 
■try: A A Durabkl: R 
xx?t or. 

BfdtolOftt A J Britten, 
as .^aianooR m j 

B Eug 

Eieetttoal end EMctraaftr Engineering: R 
w Evans. 

B Eng: 

BKtrtoal ft Etoomnfc EntMHftt# M S 

Muft a o lej l CngliiitttnB; P J Pantto. 
EnjttHfttc ProdUoTtoK A W H Evans. 


t H.' ' * } 

'■*** , ' 1 t 6 

i . - * ' .v i Pi 

8 Eft R W 

W BtHMKM Inst Of MtMr EdO Ml iM I 
B Edi P M Maynard: A Oats: A D 
Repent: E P Thomas: c B Williams. 

B Eng Tech: 

Moflhsnnl E rafe w rinc D J Tipping. 
CM! nuttniiSie p JT Jennings: S A 
parknursL c A Sadton A J WU Haras. 

Ufe^Mtoiirt Smrara.Mty 

B Ed; N S Jones. 

gfento Mm Cardiff, Faculty of 

they were trailing by 
goal at 7-8 and H-li 

4 i 

*} — 

* t « _ 


I an.* 

goai MZ-sana iMi ^mmgton, Martin daite apd 

Mark Hodkin, who is at Dan Rodcn.Tbe United Stales; 
Maryland University on -a die holders. Trith two victories 

sports scholarahip, was top 

BSc Earn; 

Butting ft naan T cuuer. □ M 

tap cuaptnan; ft b s Eddoftc 8 a I scorer with three goals, and the 

TrS 3 ty*Ccnc*c, Cam 
8 Eft G J Shetman. 

other scorers were Dan Roden 
(2X Andy Hiller (2), Phil Collier 

inhaind, seem set to nnavttho 
AusttaBa ir.Cttttda it, SiSSStlfe 




“ c °fne C ha 


'if. It It jit. 





of team for 


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'■* ' -:!■■ "■■ 133 : 
• •• •■ *. V.2ru:;»'sC 

. ByJimRaaton 

The Briish jumor team for 
tne.wbnd Junior Champion- 
ships in Roudnfce, near Prague. 
(July 30 to August 3) is full of 
promise: Last, year in East 
Germany* Britain reached two 
finals and reaped a precious 
silver medal in coxless lours 
behind Romania and ahead of 
Italy, East Germany and the 
Soviet Union. 

Recent thinking with regard 
to : junior' . internationals . has 
become pragmatic, producing 
composite crews from the best 
avaitaWc schools and clubs. 
Thanks to the generosity of 
supporters*: the. team this .time 
has enjoyed a successful training 
camp at Chester. 

The flagship will undoubtedly 
bethccoxless pairs of Jonathan 
Hulls (Hampton School) and 
Jonathan Sragfield (Bedford 
Star). Both were members of Iasi 
year's world silver medal 
coxiess four. 

Two _• weeks ago, Singfield 
stroked Bedford. Star in their 
centenary -year to a brilliant 
victory m the Britannia Cup ax 
Henley. Bedford Star were with- 
out ;SmgfieW in Sunday's na- 
tional coxed four finals, 
finishing a poor fourth. Hulls 
was a member of Hampton 
School's winning eight in the 
Princess ' Elizabeth Challenge 
Cup at the royal regatta. 

The men's eight is based 
round three of the engine room 
of St Edward's School who won 
the special race for schools atthe 
royal regatta. 

• British junior crews 
brought back one gold and six 
silver medals from the six- 
nation CoUpc de la Jeunesse on 
the Wolbensee course near 
Bern. The coxed four rowed 
down the Italian and French 
crews over- the last 300 metres 
and in. the eight and coxkss four 
events the British crews took 
dose-second . places. A particu- 
larly well deserved silver medal 
w& won by the girls' double 
scull of Rachel Edwards and 
Julia Young- 

JUMOft.MEIfc Cm mi lour J M Hooker 


Diva Encore can complete treble yittadini pins final 

hopes on Mawsuff 
for diamond race 

: CC Unwin JNoBmrjftan and Union 
R J Sraitn (Evesham RC). Caxtesa 
: J D Hite (Hampton School BCL J 
xtlord Star RCJ. Cored pairs: 
GflcPartln (St Edward*. School BQ, L 
Raid (Hampton School BC], J Pophara (St 
Edward's School BC - cod. Coatese 
Mm J D S Wafcar (King's School. 
Chaster BC^M J Britttn (Hampton School 

‘chaster BC - 

} A Hooker (Martow RC?. J 
S Fitch -{KSmston OSBCt A M Obhotear 
(Emanuel School BQ. A N O'Defl (St 
Edward s School BCl P R Rudaz. (St 
Edward's School BQ, C J Lye (St 
Edward's School BC). S C Elis (Eton 
ODBagaBQOMNeanr (Hampton School 
BC - stroKeJ. J W. E Watts (Hampton 

umar tu, m a Dram <mnq 
BCL J W C Searta (Hampton I 
M Pierce :(King s School. Cti 
stwkal QohtS A Hooker (Ms 

School BC - cox). 


Ceud Mors K Witcox- 

(RAyai Chdstar R£3. K San3Wi(weybridge 
Uctes ARO W H«(AgeeroflRg.SAyTWr 
(Rob Roy BC .- stroke). Z Barter 

.*ir LTJBd 

■ vs 

/. ”v:W 


mes set 

-a ‘kj! f 

. . ' .... |1.» n..«S'. =12 
~ .. rr Ssc 

f chances 

.. i ,MJUi ^ 


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•.:* ‘ 


- iB-ouucRiinwJ RC *■ cox). DeasMe aadltcA 
TfGrimsdtch (Northwleh RQ M 1M (St 
Neota. RO Cozies* pairs:. A Qurrast,. 
(Mar* Rutberford School RC), R Tfzarrws 

(Waybiidgo l-acSee ARQ , ' 

of S Africa 
on table 

At the request of the Soviet 
Union's rowing federation. The 
International Rowing Federa- 
tion (FISA) congress will debate 
at its. meeting in Nottingham 
next month the exclusion of 
Sduth Africa (Jim RaiJion 
writes}. • 

In the prevailing climate, n is 
unfortunate for Britain that the 
congress will be held in Notting- 
ham on August 16 during the 
world rowing championships. 
The three Amateur Rowing 
Association delegates, despite 
their personal opinions, are 
hamstrung by the process of 
democracy. Their vote will be 
determined by the ARA Coun- 
cil, who will be convened for a 
special meeting in early August. 

. TTbe . councillors, who one 
assumes, will have consulted 
their consaituents, will vote 
individually on the matter. 

; One delegate, Neil Thomas, 
president of the ARA, Mid 
yesterday: . “The South Ain can 
issue is reminiscent of council’s 
vote' on whether or not we 
should attend the Moscow 
Olympic regatta. We had a 
distinguished discussion and 
different points of view were 
expressed. When the vote was 1 
taken the result was against the 
advice- of Her Majesty’s Gov- 
ernment and our rowers, who 
were paramount in onr 
thoughts, went to Moscow". 

"• India's boycott of the 13th 
Commonwealth Games means 
tile withdrawal of five crews. 
India join Jamaica in the boy- 
cott of the Commonwealth re- 
gatta leaving nine countries. 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Smith moves 

‘ Mill wall, of the second, <§- 
Vision, have sold defender Lind- 
say Smith, aged 31, to 
Cambridge United, for a nom- 
inat fee. li is Smitifs second 
spell at Cambridge in a six-club 
career which has seen him maKe 
more than 500 League 
appearanc es. 



Britannic Assurant County 

SOUTHEND: Essex v 

Worcestershire ^ 

SWANSE A; , G lamorgan v 

PORTsISouThT Hampshire v 


S g jy gTBg 

Taunton: SomofWt v WfflWafflrame, 



Yiwfto England vlndte. ■ 


'BHOOTWO: -Times- CttaUwg®- Cu f 

Public Schooh dampluneNpi 

Wnce pf VMM Cup wtoek 


Following wins at Yar- 
mouth and' Leicester, Diva 
Encore looks a good bet today 
to wn the Keith Shipton 
.Memorial Handicap at Folke- 
Istone where the entire pro- 
gramme has been sponsored 
to raise money for the Kent 
Association of Boys Clubs, 
which was founded 50 years 

Tbc Association, which 
helps about 3,000 in the 
county, is hoping to raise 
£10,000 in order to purchase a 

When a filly begins to 
improve the way that Diva 
Encore has recently they are 
often worth following because 
for a while they are usually a 
step or two in front of the 
handi capper. 

Diva Encore had not done 
much before she beat 
Majestician at Yarmouth. But 
she proved that that was no 
fluke at Leicester last Tuesday 
when she ran on much too 
strongly for Zaubarr, who was 
the hot favourite on the 
strength of recent victories at 
Bath and Newmarket 

Robert Armstrong, Diva 
Encore's trainer, had plenty of 
engagements from which to 
pick her next race. He opted 
for today's which, after re- 
search, he regards as the 
easiest and I think Diva 
Encore looks capable of shrug- 
ging aside her penalty. 

Also judged on the way that 
she finished at the end of a 
mile and three-quarters at 
Yarmouth today's longer dis- 
tance should not present a 

My oiher principal fancies 
on the East Kent course are 
Brooks Dilemma (2.45) and 
Taylor of Soham (4.45). 

Brooks Dilemma bolted in 
by six lengths al Ungfield last 
time out and not surprisingly 
Solo Singer, who was her main 
rival that day, has declined to 
re-oppose her in the Jones 
Lang Wootton Stakes. 

Taylor of Soham, the win- 
ner of an apprentices' race at 
Yarmouth last Thursday, is 
not penalised for the SunJey 
Estates Fillies Handicap. 

By Dick Hinder 

rt Wm 



Robert Songster's flying sprinter. Doable Schwartz (above), who was just touched off by French raider Last Tycoon in the 
King's Stand Stakes at Royal Ascot, reappears in the King George Stakes at Glorkms Goodwood on Thursday week. The 
Charles Nelson-trained five-year-old then heads for the william Hill Sprint Championship at York's Ebor meeting on 
August 21. Nelson also saddles his Chesham Stakes scorer Minstrella for the valuable Heinz 57 Stakes at Phoenix Park 

Simonstay Maiden Stakes. 

Elder brother Pat's best ride 
is likely to be Ozopulmin, who 

At Ayr I like the look of 
Chime Time (nap) to win the 
Strathclyde Stakes now that 

Wiganthorpe is not running. 

The only lime that Colin 
Tinkler's sharp colt has been 
beaten this season was at 
Royal Ascot where he went 
down by four lengths to 
Minstrella in the Chesham 

Any disappointment that 
his connections felt at the time 
must have evaporated since. 
First when Minstrella fully 
extended the impressive 
Queen Mary Stakes winner 
Forest Flower in the Cherry 
Hinton Stakes at Newmarket 
and then again when they 

watched their own colt slam 
Glow Again by six lengths at 

Glow Again had won her 
three previous races and to 
beat her the way he did Chime 
Time must be pretty quick. 

While Mr Grumpy. 
Peatswood Shooter, Team Ef- 
fort and Sinclair Lady are all 
useful, but none can boast a 
performance comparable to 
Chime Time and he is napped 
to give weight away all round. 

With five victories to his 
credit at Ayr already Wind- 
pipe has become a favourite 
with those who patronise the 
Scottish course, even though 
he is trained in Yorkshire. 

Bill Watts's eight-year-old 
looked as good as ever when 
he won on the track a month 
ago and 1 think that he will be 
a tough nut to crack in the 
Souter Johnie Handicap. 

At Pontefract this evening it 
should pay to follow the 
talented Eddery brothers. Ti- 
tle-chasing Pat can improve 
his chances of becoming 
champion again by landing 
another treble on Ozopulmin 
(6.45), Exclusive Cat (7.35) 
and Butterfly Kiss (8.35), 
while Amir Albadeia (8.5) 
should only have to reproduce 
his Newbury and Sandown 
form in the spring to give Paul 
a winning ride in the 

makes his debut in this coun- 
try in the Bradley EBF Stakes. 
Luca Cumani’s colt took high 
rank in Italy last year when he 
won two races, including the 
group three Criterium 
Nationale at Milan- 
George Robinson, our New- 
market Correspondent, said 
yesterday that be has been 
impressed by the way that 
Ozopulmin has gone in his 
gallops on the Heath since his 
arrival and considers him 
capable of beating the likes of 
Andartis, North Verdict and 
My Generation. 

Franca VhfcuUni teams np 
with the Te« Jones-trained 
three-year-old Mawsuff fn her 
attempt to lift the Orloff Di- 
amond Stakes dor a recant fifth 
tone at Ascot on Saturday. 

The ladies' nee, tradftta&fflf 
the opening event on Ascot's 
glittering King George VI and 
Queen Elizabeth Day pro- 
gramme, looks fiercely compet- 
itive this year with Princess 
Anne already engaged for Garin 
Pritchard-Gordon’s smart coh. 
Cresta Auction, and Gay 
Harwood saddling the Royal 
Hunt Cop third, King's Head, 
for his 16-year-old d au g hter , 
Amanda, to ride. 

Last season's winning rider. 
Penny Hills, wife of the 
Lamboam trainer, Barry, will be 
aboard Hills Bid. Lester 
Piggott's secretary, Jenny 
Oiwtldissia, partners the stable's 
Vague Melody, Elam MeUor's 
daughter, Dana, rides Dctiyar 
and Michael Stoote's secretary, 
Maxine Jnster, successful m 
this event in 1983, has a choice 
candidate in Eve's Error. 

Miss Vittadini won this cov- 
eted prize in 1975 on Peter 
Walwyn's Hard Day and then 
for three consecutive seasons — 
1979 to 1981 - on Fortuny 
(Garin Hunter) and Cracking 
Form, twice, for Walwyn. 

However, this is likely to be 
the 33-year-oM rider’s farewell 
appearance in the Ascot race as 
she does not intend to renew her 
jockey's licence next year be- 
cause of increased business 

She manages the Beech 
House- Stud at Cbevdey, near 
Newmarket, for her Milan- 
based father. Dr Carlo Vittadini, 
who won the 1975 Derby with 
Grundy, and next year the 
Lyphard horse, Pharly, winner 
of three French gro up races, will 
join Ardross as a resident 
stallion there. 

Miss Vittadini, employed as a 
full-time work rider at Henry 
Cedl*s Warren Place stable, is 
also part of Steve Cantben's 
back-up ♦ wim l assisting the 
champion jockey with his (ravel 
arrangements and chauffeuring. 

The Ascot race has been very 
lucky for her. As winning rider 
she has been presented with four 
attractive prizes from flu spon- 
sors; De Beers; a diamond ring, 
two choker necklaces with i- 

amonds, and a gold chain with a 
diamond mounted on a min- 
utnre stirrup. 

She has her final gallop on 
Mawsuff at Newmarket tomor- 
row. The Known Fact colt 
certainly has eacb-way possibil- 
ities as he was beaten only 1VS 
lengths by Dallas at Brighton 
and Luca CumanTs three- year- 
okl went on te land the Britannia 
Stakes at Royal Ascot Mawsuff 
then opened his ac co un t with a 
iaM-fought victory over Star 
Cutter at Sandown before run- 
ning In Fact to a neck, again at 

VittadinTs one reserva- 
tion about Satmday's event is 
the number of inexperienced 
riders taking part. She said: “I 
think there should be a change 
of rules, like the Moet and 
Chandoo men's race at Epsom, 
so that only riders who have 
ridden at least five winners are 
eligible. There are some nice 
horses running in onr race and it 
would be a pity if one was struck 
into during the hurly-burly.” 

Apart from Saturday's event, 
the Vittadini family are hoping 
to collect another Ascot prize ou 
Friday with Miller’s Dost in the 
Cran bourne Chase Maiden 
Stakes. This Shiriey Heights 
colt was an expensive tenure at 
the Newmarket July meeting 
after swallowing his toogne, but 
with a longue strap fitted they 
are hopeful be will show his true 

Franca Vittadinu chawing 
fifth diamond race triumph 

Going: good to firm (straight course); good (round) 

Draw: low numbers beat 

2L30 EBF ALLOWAY MAIDEN FflXIES STAKES (2-Y-O: £1 ,087: 5f) (4) 

5 00240 LSHIC NORTH HOOfl IB) (tin Pac Lid) W Buy 8-1 T J Lowe 2 

10 3 THAT CERTAIN SIBLE LI Crisp) R J WUtoms 8-11 MHUs 1 

11 3 TOOT TOOT IRNwnfl) Dams aidh 8-11 LCtamock* 

14 23. UPSET (P On) J S Witeon B-1 1 DMcKcoan3 

7-4 TTOt Certain Side, 9-4-Upsot, 3-1 Tool Toot 6-1 Linpac North Moor. 

meeting trouble to running (1m 40vd. £2553. (ton, July 18, 5 ran). HIGH PORT (7-12) f 
over 31 4th to Workaday(9-I0) at Cattencfc (71, £1541. firm. July 10. 20 ran 9). wttfi • 

4.0 BUTE SELLING HANDICAP (£895: 1m 2f) (10) 

1 040013 MAWDLYN GATE (D) (F Kerr) J S VIMson 34-10 Gey KeOewy (3) 4 

2 303304 SWIFT RIVER (B) (Mss M Bed) Miss I Bel 44-8 JLowB 

3 030004 BUCKS BOLT (K &ks) J Bwry 4-M J Canoll (7) 9 

IB r *“ --- 


M SMU£ (8-11) 1« 3rd to Kyverriuie (8-11) at Pontefract (5f, 

to), vwUhUNPAC NORTH MOOR (8-11) was SKI back 'mSto. TOOT 

mw 3tool 6 » Garnet ffl-11 let Edtoburgh (Sf. £547. (ton. June 

sot UPSETO-1 1) led unfit inside final furlong wtmi&tl 3rd to Penang Beauty (8-1 1) at 

^rtock (BC £30 06. good to linn. July 5. 6 tan). 


£1416. firm, July 7. 9 ran; 

TO OT {8^1) beaten 71 

5 5-00420 CAOEMETTE IB Starton) M Camacho 4-9 

6 0000-00 KING OF GEMS (A Sabin) A Jervis 3-9-3 NON RUNNER 3 

7 00404 COUNTESS CARLOTTHBO (Mrs M Janus) A JUrtns 3-90 DMeho8t5 

1 -040142 FOREVER YOUNG (D) (B Thomson) G OkJroyd 3-8-7 PButemr 

2 4-1000 OK ETOtLE£MMrs E York) Jimmy FnmerakJ 3-8-6 II total 

000003 COLONEL HALL (Mrs JRamsdenfMrsJRamsden 3-8-1 M Fry 10 

300030 BELMLL (D Chapman) D Chapman 37-13.. 

A Proud 2 

5-2 Countess CartotU. 3jl Maw^mGaie. 9-2 Forever Young, 6-1 Gadenette. 8-1 

Ayr selections 


230 That Certain Smile, 3.0 CHIME TIME (nap). 3.30 Windpipe. 
4.0 Countess Cariotri. 4.30 Miss Shirley. 5.0 Qualitair King. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.30 That Certain Smile. 430 Goodtime Hal. 5.0 Sporting 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.0 CHIME TIME (nap). 

3.0 STRATHCLYDE STAKES (2-Y-O: £3,700: 6ft (5) 

220111 MR GRUMPY 


301121 TEAM EFFORT ( 

lion ton Lid) CUnktar 8-3 — 

; Denys Snath 8-1T 

(G Ashton) M Brittain 8-11. 

i ManSflO] Ron TTiompson 8-11 . 


— M tech 5 

LChemock 3 



_ 000011 SMCLAH1 Develo|xnenta)0 OUroyd B< DtoctmtaA 

4-5 CMme Time. 7-2 Team Effort, 8-1 Sinclair Lady, 7-1 Poattwood Siwoter. 10-1 


PORM: CtflME TIME (S-2) made alto beat Gtow Agrti (9-2)S at Yorfc (6f. E4013. flood to 
firm. July 11. 4 run), with PEATSWOOO SHOOTER who wue hawmg firm run tor 2 
months. II bach In 3rd. MR GRUMPYp-4) short head Catterfcfc winner tram Sparshort 
(9-4) (61, El 327. firm, June 7. 7 rum. TEAM EFFORT p-«) heto on by a shorU»Bdtrpm 

Swift Rtvar, 10-1 Colonel Hail, 

4.30 KfRKOSWALD MAIDEN STAKES (£959: fm 5ft (11) 

NOEL AHMS (A Fowler) JSWDson 5-9-7 Bffchotal 

0000(H) WtlAPA(Bpi»raJdeRothscMd)ElndaaS94 MBeeauRS 

004)03 DENALTO (BF) (A Crawford) Denys Sewn 3-8-7 LChemock 5 

04323 GOOOTTME HAL (8) (BF) (Mrs G Bronfman) J Hlndtey 3-8-7 MHBa4 

04 LAWSTElRSenpswl J WWatnM-7 N Cwmorton 9 

000 MR MOffl (Mrs A ftichante) C Britain 3-8-7 Gay Kearny (3) 7 

0 RUN HKJHJK AtxHAa) G Harwood 34-7 A Cm 11 

0 WHlPCRAOtAWAY (G Reed) C Thornton 38-7 M TeMmBfT) 10 

0-30 WSS SMRLEY (FM [Shekh Mohammed) J Dunlop 3^94 J Lowe 2 

03-000 MTI)A(T Barker) EWeymee 3-8-4 MFtyO 

04) SUNUT(GRaed)CThomton3*4 JBfaumdaleO 

11-4 Miss SMrtey, 7-2 Laklste. 5-1 Denotto, 8-IGoodtlme HaL 8-1 Mr Moss, 10-1 
Run High, 12-1 Whipoackawuy, 18-1 others. 

FOB* DENALTO 17-I»3»l3rd to The Clown p-TlinRadearh'capan 1 15yds. £2724. 
firm, June 20, 6 ran). GOOOTTME HAL (84) 101 3rd and MR HOSS(54))8l back 5th be- 
Nnd Walci«nJ8-8) at Sandown (im 6t. £30d2, good to firm. JiAy4. 6 ran). LAKISTE (94J) 
7i 4th of 5 to Plymouth Hoe (9-5) at Cartiste 1 1m 4J, £953, good to soft. June 5). RUN MOH 
(B-11) outaead whan unplaced behind Datoadlyr (S-i 1 ) at Wmtoor (im 2f. £1 136. good. 
May i ft ,20 r an)- WSS SHIRLEY (8-11) ZKlKti to On Tertwhoota (94)) at GooAood 
(1m 21, £2761. firm. June 10. 18 ran). 

Sriection: MISS SHIRLEY 

5.0 DUMFRIES HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,414: 7f) (14) 


013-420 &3U‘ oy j 



T Barron 9-7. 

. BMcGRI (7)1 

. NComongn 3 

- E Geest (3) 5 

IjcomplateddouWBwnh II 
9 ran). __ 

Selectioir CMMETIME 

3J0 SOUTER JOHNIE HANDICAP (£2,490: 1m) (8) 

03-0000 S HYBRID 

Hokfing) M Jarvis 

52 W Woods 8) 14 

(Mrs M Jarvis) A Jams 9-1 DMchotell 

"" iGMng Stud Ltd) JHnSey^O MfHsfO 

* , JBIeesdiile7 

J Lowe 13 

000-30 RYMG BIDDY 

003122 OUAUTAW IWfeg^QraliW HpWsLM) K Stone 8-12 

I Bnttam 8-11,. 

1 0404)41 WtTOPPE 

2 000000 

3 002041 SDONS 

4 0004m StRWILMORE. 

5 00-0008 SHJJTOE(D)(MmJ c 

6 000300 -EMERAU) EAGLE (A 

7 000141 DUELLING (USA) (B) 

(Duke of Sutherland) J W Wtatis 8-9-13 

' ■X&an®<3-3-5.- 

M Jarvis) A Jarvis 3-9-6 (5«). 

‘ EWSmes 4-8-10 

. Etndsa4-84 

CBootii 54L3- 

. N Onrnoitiin 2 


D Wcbofa 1 

E Guest (^S 


— MHNsS 


12 03-0000 SKYBRDMi _ . 

14 00004)1 JELDAIRE (Mrs FRittSftP Rohan 8-10 

17 041-000 PMLOSdPifiCAL(D) (G Cumnng) W Musson 8-7 

20 1404)04 BALNB)MO(C) (D NImmo] Denys SmMi B-5 


22 .. . 

25 0004)00 FEATHER GIRL <D Kerry) D Chapman 7-7, 

3-1 Qusttalr King. 4-1 Gold Chip, 9-2 Sporting 


3400413 CLOUDLESS SKY (Mrs P Rohan) P R onan 86_ 
004)000 BAXTEHGATE (J Hurst) R Howe 8-5 ■■ 

Gay Ketaway (3)2 

M Wigham 4 

— LCtomock12 
A dark 8 


Biddy. IM 

Proud 6 

_ Sovereign, 8-1 JeMatoe, 8-1 Hying 
Balnertoo. 14-1 Ctoudlsss «y. 20-1 others. 

(Mrs R Johnson) PMtehefl 

5-6-0 (Sex) G Carter (3) 4 
10 000244 MGH PORT (JZochOris) AW Jones 7-7-7 NCariUe? 

93 DuaO&Kf. Tf-4 Whdprpa. 9-B Mgh ftJrt, 6-1 Sktorts Osughtar, M Sto HMrtoru. 

12-1 Emerald Eagle. 16-1 others. 


Girl (8-13) at Nottin^ranr previously AITCHAKDOUBLEYOU f9-8) strung flnishtog 2141 

4th to Cumbrian Dancer (O^ai Newcastle, with WOLD Cto (9-5)21 bara 5tfi of 12(6f, 

£2201 . firm, June26). G0U3 CHIP (8-1 1)earter 21 Cattenck 2nd to Mr Jay-Zee (9*2) (71. 

£lS5t. ftm, June 7, 14 rent. COtWTRT CARNIVAL <8-11)8X1 Sttt behind Eafahan 0-111 
at Leicester (7f mdn.£1 21 B. good to firm. July 14. 11 run). SPORTING SOVEREIGN (B-fl) 
Ui 2nd to Khan-ana (0-7) at Ungfield on peminmmte start (61. £2206. good to firm. June 

21 . 18 ran). FLYWG wDDY best effort when (9-2) 31 3rd to Stanford Vale (9-10) at Bev- 

erley (8.54t. £1735. good to firm. June 11. 19 ran). QUALITAIR KMG (8-8) 2'Al 2nd to 
Ailisterdransfield (7-7) here on Saturday, with DOUBLE CHAI (8-11)71 back Gth of 8 (Bf. 

£2247, good). Previousty QUAUTAH KING (8-11) UI Yarmouth (7fl 2nd to Chicago Sd 



Ayr results 

Ooiojp good to firm 
Nichofls. 12-1 L 2. rail Katoun (B Thom- 
SJn^M): 3. John SasonfR Cochfane.1T- 

a i en BAN. A Thivraatla tfimv 8 

— Lad. YeOow 
cess Befia, Accutnotete. 
m More Rosies. 14 rm. Nft 
HI.4L1UL TLA Jarvis at Rr 
etoM cz3o, £g.tft ci-ib- • 

CSF: £106Sa Intin 40.13680. 



imon Farm Green Areher.C^ya^. 

11 ran UL 3L a hd. *L TJWantit 
Miriftietiam. ToCK £940; £2.10. li-W. 

CSF: £35Sa Tricast: 
|i2S.oa 2mm 23.01 sea 
3J0 flm 7f) 1 , WHrreiOJ- (C Rutter. 5- 
2 few): i PrejNrtPrinra r 


3min 14.70EOC. 

5 SC- Winner bought in. 

o a v 2. iHth pcfc (Kim Tirtidar. MfcOto 
p MeKeown. IMLtafiO RAIjt 
4^ itSrStyteh Entry 



Belie (ffihl. njc %\ A Jones 

BaPoPsil-^ CSF: E23S1. tmin 




Going: good to firm 
aoffil) 1. KYVERDALEJP RoWnson. 7- 
1); 2. ItaB’s Metody (Pat Eddery. 84 tot 
4 Oar’s natter (J Reid. 3-1* ALSO «AftP 
11-2 Good Game (Bth). 16 Our Natimfie 
(4tti). 33 Chic A ^qua. TTh e Cross. 50-1 

ran. NR: Gone For tt, My-Eton^lsKL 11. 
hd, nfc. M Ryan ai NowmorteL Total 
£4^0; £1.20. £1.10, E1SL Oft £4^0. 

230(70 1. LEADING ROLE (R tflta TT- 
8 tov): i UM Prmwa (Gay KMteway. 7- 

Shady^Bktte (5thL^ 
Ragovn. 33 Soham's Taylor (4th). R me 
Swpt (Oh). Nuns Royal 8 ran. NR: Sky ' 
Robber. 3L 4L 215L 4L XI. M Fetharstocf 
Gorfley at East Hstey. Tote: £220: £ 1 . 10 , 
£240. £1 JD OF: 29.1G CSF: £1054. Sold 
to Mr G C Btegrove (tor 3,000 gns. 

20 ( 1 m 41) 1 . BAAFUUR (N Howe. 2-1k 
2 Fleabag Affair (Pat Eddery. 6-4 lav); £ 
Couantog (A Madtay, 9-^ ALSO RAN: 
12 Kerry May Sing. 16 Oartgn Ktogs 
(5th). 20 Swyntord Prince (6th). 33 
Cashew WrgSth). 7 nmSL .U .11 *1 P 
Wahu yn at Lemboum. Tots: £290; CJJSO. 
E1.7KDF: £280. CSF: £5.15. 

130 (1m4f)1. 3WHST ALEXANDRA (M 
Roberts. 4-1); 2. fotomon Lad (A Dicte. 
20-1L 3, Dtoadan S Dawson. 33-1L ALSO 
RAN: 3 lev Jubilee Jamboree (5th), 4 
L'Hrondebe (4tM, 7 Wrengbrook. 12. 
AbOgars Gem Top Feather. 20- Boca 
warn Masstrum. Sweet Rascal. ' 2S 
Johnny'e Shambles. 33 Eric's Utah. 

1 HL *L 1L 1LJ Shaw at Newmarket Tota 
ESSO: £210, £11.80, £282 DR £86 JO. 
CSF: £7454. 

a &ak%sssL'p&s. 

lV!-iBg££S&S 2 -££%& 


TrSaST: £29728. 

4J0em Ifll, WHTOAM(FWBJdBry. 

Sat r>.pida Bower. 2L 5L S. TI. 4LG 

5J) (ini IQ 1. EXPLETIVE 
2. Fort Patrrt (A MgGKme. 5-1): 3, Hn 

bow tHwiauaumao. 
Set Lisa (G Dutfietd. 5-2t 
d (M Birch. 6-1). ALSO 
ttfflh). 8 Culinary Slh), 11 

Apex (I Johnson, 12-1 fc 4, (Bo Deva (R 
Lappm. 33-1). ALSO RAN: 3 lav Gibbous 
Moon. 13-2 Arrow of Light (6th), 10 
Leroemsor Pearl Pet 11 Dei's ft*y, 12-1 
GreonWH's Girl (5th). 14 Pone Dauohkie. 
16-1 Godtord. 20 Primrose Way, 33 Shark 
Fiqhtar, Orville's Song, Riboden, 
Bahowen King. 17 ran. 1>fl, nk. hi. 1»l. 
2L M Eckley altuiBow. Tote: £720: £1 .70. 
£250. £1.70. £5.ia DF: £29-50. CSF: 
£38.19. TRICAST: £33427. 

Ptaeapoc E8.10 


Going: firm 

245 (im 21) 1. PEWTLAWJ HAWK (S 
Perks, 12-1): 2 Saltan (G DutflekL 2-1 
tavk 3. He8o Benz (M Birch, 5-1). ALSO 
RAN: 5 Mins 01 Time. 11-2Centratapjres 
Best (6tii), 11 Bmftury Hal, 14 Red Buy. 
16 Curiga (4th). Ultrassa (Stti). 25 Court 
Ruler. Srmas Lad. 11 naa XL 3L a A 2L 
R Hottnshead at Upper Longdoa Tote: 
£13.40; E200. £1^6. £L40. DR E21JJ0. 
CSF: £35^0. Tricaat £131-69. 

3.15 (61)1, SANDS OF TUBE (SCaulhen, 

13-8 favj; 2, Get Sett — " 

2 Hoorn* Pond ~ 

RAN: 7 lino's Pet (t ^ ^ 

HBard (4toL 6 ran. NR: totefiecL XI, 42. 4L 
6L hd. R Sbnpson at Lamboian. Ton: 
£1.90: 1 .40, £1 .70. DF: SZS0. CSFi EBJ91. 
Bought in tor 1,350 gns. 

245 (tel) 1. COUNT BERTRAND (R 
Morse. 5-2 tavX 2 Seau ta mta tt ha fe 
Perks. 3-1); 2 Greed (L Chamocfc. 13-2). 
ALSO RAN: 3 Unra-Ptatoed. • 1« 
btisltoour (4tn). 10 Bit Of A State (5th). 6 
ran. Nk. m nk. 6L 3L W Hotten at 
NewmartULTote: E2S0; £1 .50. £1 SO. DP. 
£5.10. CSF: £10.01. 

4.15 flm 41)1. PAEAN (S C*4hen. 2-7 
lev): 2 OofctoB Hrtghta (Pati Eddery, 10D- 
30): 3. Grey Salute (G DuffiekL 40-1). 3 
ran. XL Im H Cedi at Newmarket Tote: 
£1.10. DF: £1.10. CSR £1.38. 

4-45 (Ml, ON TAP (M Birch. 4-5 tavfc 2 
Johnny Stan (N Day. 16-lk 3. Stan In 
Motion (Pad Eddery. 12-1L ALSO RAN: 5 
Aloush. 7 Lord Conns («4, 9 Fountatn's 
Choice (6th). GO Against AS Odds. 
Cammac Lad. Juma Monty (smt. 
McQiUun, Roawood. 1 1 ran. 51. 2»L U5L 
nfc. M H Eastertw at Great Habton. Tore: 
£150; £1.20. £200. £252 DR £11.10. 
CSR £1235, 

5.15 (6ft 1, WttJJG GAN (L Ctiamock. 
13-2): 2. Ra Ra Girl (J H®». 4-1 fav); 3. 
PhtaS a r (N Day. 8-1). ALSO RAN: 11-2 
Maiden Btoder. 8 Montkz*. 8 Off Your 


Going: good to firm 
6 JO (51) 1. Jovicfc (P Waldron. 4.1k 2 
Muahtxjb (6-4 fav); 3. B DelgadoJiD-lj. 19 
ran. hd. 3L G Lewis. Tote: £4.80; £1.70. 
£120. £2.70. DF: £4.10. CSR £1DJ>1. 

6S5 (im 21 22yd) 1, Haddon Lad (R 
Wemham. 6-1k 2 Track Marshal (11*2): 3. 
Take A Break (12-1). Easter Rambiar, Irish 
Mamma 9-2 jt- lavs. 15 ran. NR: Grand 
.Celebration, nedous Link, sh ltd, sh hd. 
M McCourL Tote; £5.00; n.90. El^O, 
S720. OF £21.00. CSR £39.12 


&fclery.5-2tav) . - 

Parade fii-2). 9 ran. 3L iHL C Hop. 
TOW £2.60; £1^0, 030. £230. W: 
£9.10. CSF: £23.79. 

1 50yd) 1 . House Hunter (Pat 
v) 2 Tretawiw (9-1): 3. Bank 
l 9 ran. 31, iMrL C Hama 

UWanttiU Lady (5th). 20 Sing GfflSo Stog 
(8(h). 33 Tang Omer. 50 Mattye Lee. 12 
ran. hd, r*. 3L 1V4L Dwy# Smith at 

Bishop Auckland. Tote £630; £200, 
am E 2 oa dr 210 . 7 a csf; 23034 . 

THcast: £193.45. 


03-2). 7 ran. BL 11. R J ohns o n Houghton, 
row £130: £1.10. £4.00. DR £930 CSF: 

830 (6fl 1. JoMst (R Sheet ID-1); 2 
Asticour (S-1) 2 Uphone (14-1). Toucfi Of 
Gray 94 tav. 12 ran. 2L 21. J Shaw. Tote: 
£1130: £3.10, £2.00, £S.40. DR £34.60. 
CSF: £8733. THcast £103208. Tfcranga 
was withdrawn not under orders - rule 4 
applies to an bets at deduction I0p to 

830 (im 2f 22yd) 1. Htamhur (S 
Cauthen. 2-9 fav): 2 BenaroMj5-ll: 3. 
Shajar Ad Durr (11-1L 8 ran. la 15L R 
Johnson Houghton. Tote: £l2ft £130. 
£1 40. £1 4D DR £1.92 CSF: £225. 
PtecepoC £2330 

Earnshaw not 
giving up 

Contrary to newspaper re- 
ports yesterday, Robert 
Earnshaw, the National Hunt 
jockey, is not leaving the power- 
ful stable of Monica Dickinson. 

“I've jest bought a tens so I 
shall be catting back a little on 
my riding commitments," 
Earnshaw said. "But Tve always 
been freelance — I never had a 
contract at HarewootL” 

Earnshaw {$ a Timing to ran bis 
32-acre farm at Gillingham on a 
multi-purpose basis with a view 
to training a few horses there 
one day. For now, though, be 
intends riding when and where 


to firm 

Draw. 51-61, low numbers best 
2.15 HO ARE GOVETT STAKES (3-Y-O: £959: Im 
2ft (12 runners) 


_ G Baxter 3 
T warns 1 
M Roberta 8 
. jotrpje 

64 Cotage Wizard. 3-1 Biotin. 4-1 CawMom Comedian. 6- 
1 Princess Mwhtco. 8-1 Saucier, 14-1 others. 

DO RANT ON Mbs B Sanders 8-11 


MY HATCH J Bridoar 8-8 




11 0040 SAUCER W Brooks M- 

P Robtoecn 6 
, G Baxter 11 

1 0010 LIAM (C-D) M Rvan 9-5 

3 802 AAHJMB0YRAkMiurst93 

4 0340 ADWRALSALL JWtoter9-0 WRSwMwn3 

5 0- CLEONAMJBndgerM TWOBams7 

7 3- NOBLE RISE (USA) G Harwood S-0 PWaktomA 

10 SANDY BALM Tompfcms 96 RCoctaBeeB 

14 0 TROJAN SPLASH P Haynes 9-0 N How* 2 

15 0-03 BELLA CARINA IAssb Sanders 8-11 — BCmstayB 

17 3-00 COOL GALES G PritchaTOGordcn 8-11 — S Cartoon 5 

18 0433 HOT MOMMA R Bon 8-11 M Roberta M 

19 044 L0RSFJ Duntop 8-1 1 — : — BRouaal 


HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £1 ^80: 5ft (7) 




6 2121 NATKJWS SONG Sufibs 09 — JH Brown. . 

7 0000 SEGOVIANWIMgranan 8-7 N Adame 3 

8 030 MUKHABBRCBensteed 7-10 TWOtawiol 

K BrasseyS-7_ 




G Blum 8-9 C Rutter |5|E 

21 0 MAOTSUM^yj Francome (Ml .jrwmnrnK 

2-1 U raef. 3-1 Uani. 02 Nohte Rise. 8-1 Cod Gates. 10-1 

Hot Momma, 14-1 Aah Jim Bey. 20-1 Admirals AH. 25-1 others. 

Folkestone selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Loreef. 2.45 Brooks Dilemma. 3.15 Saucier. 

3.45 Absolution. 4.15 Diva Encore. 4.45 Taylor 

Of Soham. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Hot Momma. 2,45 Brooks Dilemma. 3.15 

College Wizard. 3.45 Last Recovery. 4.15 Diva 

Encore. 4.45 Kenooz. 

Michael Scdy's selection: 3.45 Green's Gallery. 

£959: 6ft (10) 

001 ABUTAMMAH C Bansuad 9-5 BRoumB 

01 BROOICS DILEMMA (D) M Albina 9-2 A Bonds 

CAREER MADNESS M Ryan 9-0 1* Giles 3 

HEAVENLY STROLLER M Haynes 90 _ T WHama 10 

23 SM ARNOLD A Stewart ML 

M Roberts 4 







5-4 Brook's Dflamma. 3-1 Abut am m a m. 4-1 Sir Arnold. 8-1 

Foundry Flyer, 12-1 Pointed Lady, 16-1 others. 

STAKES (2-Y-O: £690: 5ft (8) 

1 0003 BUTM(B)P Hapws 8-11 JWHtans2 

2 42 COLLEGE WIZARD M TonwUns 8-11 __ RCochrasc 4 

3 300 MALACHI LAD (8) Pal MsSS 8-11 C Rutter (5) 5 

9 004 SANTO PRMCESS M Feliwaton-Godey 

7 7LR)ggi0(7)2 

94 Absolution. 5-2 Nations Song, 4-1 Oman's Gn A or y, 7-1 
Last Recovery, 10-1 Mukhabbr, 1 4-1 others. 


(£1,035: 2m 100yd) (11) 

3 0011 DtVA ENCORE R Armstrong 3-9-13 S Cauthen 4 

4 03-0 FOREWARN (C) C Hoknes 5-9-6 JWKans7 

5 0302 ASTtCOT C Morgan 4-5M WRSmnbarnlO 

5 0410 BLU5»flNGSPY(B)M FetherstavGodey 

3$2PWafdroa 11 

8 0000 JANAABJ Jenkins 4-9-2 RCarantS 

9 OflO LA SSIBiATA G Lewts SM JArtams(7)6 

10 OfUO WPS Woodman 64-13 R CochraneS 

•T12 -300 NARCISSUS (FR) R Afcatust 4-8-9. 

14 0003 CHARTFIELD Miss B Sanders 68-5- 

15 0040 HOT BETTY P Butter 08-1. 

16 0-00 SEA TROUPER M Haynes 388. 

2-1 DNa Encore, 3-1 AsticoL 4-1 Forawam, 6-1 Blushing 

Spy, 8-1 La Seranala, 10-1 Janaab, 14-1 others. 

(3-Y-O: El .380: 7ft (15) 

2 -204 KENOOZ A Stewan 9-7 R Carter (5) 5 

3 -300 SHEREEKA(B)H Thomson Jonas 08 AMmayT 

BMTION (B) B Hanbury 93 PWWrool 

N Howe 8 

S&nAKJ DANCER C VWdman 9-0. 

VILEE H Hutdwnon 98 PHntchtoson. . 

C0ND0VER SOX Miss B Sanders 8-11 _ R MeOsn 2 
04 FOUNDRY FLYER A Batey 8-11 R CochraneS 

000 POHTB) LADY (USA) RArnotrong 8-11 .. S Cauthen 6 

5 080 fCWBHTIOM Oi) B 


10 0041 TAYLOR OF SOHAM 0 Lasle 8-12 — WR Swntasn 9 

12 800 OUT OF HARMONY CHorgan 8-11 ECullan 15 

13 040 FRfVOLE P Cole 8-11 TQtem 13 

15 833 SPECIAL GUEST (p) D Motley 88 R Cochrane 4 

18 000 HEAVBfLY CAROL PCunctel 88 AMcOtanaS 

17 0000 DELTA ROSE(B) C Banstaad 88. 

19 3402 SILVER FORM W WWitman 8-7. 

20 0000 BE SO BOLD R SngS 88. 

22 0000 WlLLBE WALK (ffl C Brittain 88 GBsxter2 

23 0013 MANOR W KenpB-2(7ax) TW»enMl2 

24 0220 ANGEL DRUMUBI (lft(n^ A Ingham 8-1 _ H Curant 10 

3-1 Taylor Of Soham, 4-1 Shareefca. 5-1 Sfcw Form, 6-1 

Spatial Guest 8-1 Friwte, 10-1 Kenooz. 12-1 Manor. 14-1 
Angel Drummer. 18-1 others. 

. C Rotter (5)6 


Going: firm 

Draw: 5Mjf, low numbers best 

6.45 BRADLEY EBF STAKES (£2,750: Im 2ft (7 


1 2/20 ASH CHEEK TCBtef 788 KRBddBMJ7)G 

3 -tea FRMGE OF HEAVOV J Hanson 488 ...JH Brawn 0)1 
7 3340 ANDARTIS John FttzGertid 38-2 RMta4 


5ft (10) 

6 -300 EXCLUSIVE CAT. . . 

I M Leach 8-' 

7 4000 MAYOR (D) M Leach 8-1 0„. 

0 3013 B OLD SEA R OVER (C) M H 


I Baking 8-12 Pat Eddery 7 

D Nictate 6 



14 118- OZOPUMH L Cumani . 

18 00 OUTE POKEY MBtorby 3-7-9. 

, 38-2 RLtaas(3)5 

M Jims 38-2 Three 3 

2 Pat I 



J Quinn 

| M H Eastorby 8-9 — M BachS 


10 1004 BRHJffi OF GOLD (C8) M McCormatic 


11 0000 KEH SIPO ALL (8) K S tone 78 AMackay9 


12 4002 PACKAGE I 



6-4 North VerdteL 5-2 Andartis, 7-2 Ozoputotin. 31 My 
Generation, 14-1 Ash Creek, 20-1 c/thars. 

Pontefract selections 

By Mandarin 

6.45 Ozopulmin. 7.10 Reformed Habit. 7.35 
Exclusive Cat. 8.5 Amir Albadeia. 8.35 Butterfly 
Kiss. 9.5 Full Of Pride. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.45 Ozopulmin. 8-5 Foiflite. 8.35 Butterfly Kiss. 
9.5 Ongoing Situation. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 9.5 Full Of Pride. 


5-2 Bow Sea Rover. 7-2 Exclusive Cat 5-1 Catherine's 
Mil. 8-1 Sew High. B-1 Package Perfection, 12-1 others. 


1 -220 ASBR ALBADEIA (USA^FIP Walwyn ^ 


5 3 PMHJTE (USA) O Douteb 98 RHacfeadoB 

9 00 ON WATER M PioscoO 9-0 — GDrtfiaM2 

12 800 ROI DE SOLEIL M Btenshard 98 WNewneaS 

15 STAR ATOE R Halfnsitead 98 SPeika4 

18 00 ARRAS STYLE A Smttti 8-11 S Wabita rl 

24 LA MCE L Cumani 8-11 Pat E&teiy 3 

29 40- PERSIAN DELIGHT GHufier 8-11 G Carter (3) G 

6-4 La Ouse. 2-1 Amir Afeadota. 4-1 Forfflta. 8-1 r at ala n 
DeJjjht 12-1 On Wafer, 18-1 Rti da Sotefl, 28-1 orthars. 

£1^05: Im 4ft (5) 

s a 

11 4000 MR COFFEY S Norton 388 — 

12 080 SKY MAHINER T Karsay S8-13 J W ? I ? V? 1 

17 800 JALOMES Wiles 48-12 


8 8-30 AW^S5T“ cSy?T2 

1$ a aaggSBaSetsasS" 


2 0033 BUTTOTLY WSS G Wraaj 9 
4 0033 WATERDALE (USAXBF) M W EasfcHtiy 

. Pat Eddery 1 

6 082 DARK SOKJHA O ArtXJthnot 98 __ 

10 -430 SLAP BANG (BIN Vigors 8-7 

13 3204 REGENCY SQUARE PFtiUan 8-2. 


- PCoofc 5 
. GDfdde2 

28 3000 PerarSKIDMWRl** ^8-7AShcedta(6) 5 

31 W P»TOKNED^i»M8 SPGri«te13 

58 Ralorraed * 

1 Jatome, Monsanto Lad. 12-1 Mr Coffey. 20-1 otnera. 

78 Butterfly Kiss. 5-2 Dark Store. 4-1 Watardala. 6-1 Slap 
Bang, B-1 Regency Square. 

as ST JOHN’S PRIORY STAKES (2-Y-O: £2,036: 

1 013 ONGOMG SITUATION (DID Mortey 9-4... MEddanr 3 

2 14 ECHOING (D)JW Watts 9-1 __Tteaa2 

3 1 FUU.OFffefaECMMHEastarfayS-1 H Birch « 



68 Ongotog SHuaiion. 2-1 Echotog. 542 Fte of Pride, 12-1 
Dance Up. 

“Tm anxious that people don't 
rf» In lr I'm giving up,” Earnshaw 
said. “I hope to be riding far 
Mrs Dickinson and any other 
trainers want me, when the 
opportunity arises.” 

• Highland Chieftain, ridden by 
Willie Carson, failed by a head 
to catch the Geonan-crained 
Anatas in a four-way photo to 
Belgium's richest race, the 
£41,408 Grand Prix Prince 
Rose, at Ostend yesterday. 
Phardame (Tony Clark) was 
only another head away third. 

Today’s course specialists 



TRAINERS: J Dunlop 16 wfnnare from 15 
rimers. 36.0*; M Jarvs, 8 from 3a 
26.7%: J Hndiey 24 from 94. 2&5%. 
JOCKEYS: M Birch, 21 wtonerefrortlM. 
rides. 102%; M Hflta, 7 from 53, 132%. 
(only two quafifiors) 


TRAWER& I Baiting. 16 winners from 50 
runners, 32M; p Wtiwyn. 8 from 32. 
258%; M McCormack, 8 fem 36. 228%- 
JOCKEYS: PM Btoary, 18 winners from 
43 rides. 41.9%; T wos, 14 from 112. 
12^%: G DuffteU. 18 from 162. 11.1%. 

TRAMSRSC O Hannood 42 wimani ft 
100 runners. 42.0%: G Lewis, 17 from 
19.5%: KBrassey. 7 from 37. 188%. 
JOCKEYS S earthen, 12 winners fi 
rid« 46. 26-1% P Watoren. 12 from 
16.7%. (only one quafifier) 

Blinkered first tim 

FOLKESTONE; 3,15 Mated* Lad; 4 
Sheraeta, Delta Rose. VWba Wfflba. 
POtftgRACT; 7.10 R amabidta Tta 1 
Nortitorn Trust ^ 

AYR: 330 Unpac North Moor. < 
•hp^apn, GoortintoHaL 



Halt and lame 
battle on 
to give hope to 


By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

CANTERBURY: Kent, with 
nine second innings wickets in 
hand, need 129 runs to beat 

At the end of a hard-fought 
day’s cricket held up with 
irritating, sometimes needless 
regularity by bad light Kent 
were 42 for one in their second 
innings, needing 129 more to 
win. Altogether something 
like two hours were lost at 
close of play the match was 
just about as’ evenly poised as 
it had been at the start. 

The pitch has enough pace 
and bone in h. and enough 
movement for the day to have 
been devoid of spin. 
Underwood's absence had 
something to do with that 
though he would not have had 
much bowling. He is missing a 
championship match for the 
first time since 1976. having 
become another victim of a 
West Indian fast bowler. Gray 
of Surrey hit him on the hand 
at the Oval last week. In his 
place yesterday was Igglesden, 
who is 21, comes from 
Westerham and. on this form, 
is one to follow. 

Lancashire's chances were 
done no good by injuries to 
O’Shaughnessy. whose bowl- 
ing iney win miss today, and 
Fairbrother. Both being im- 
mobile — O’Shaughnessy has 
aggravated a knee strain and 
Fairbrother was hit on the hip 
by Lhe ball before play began - 

Lancashire's second innings 
was given a brisk start by 
Mendis and Fowler, whose 
partnership of 69 in IS overs, 
the highest of the match, was 
helped by there being no third 
man. Once Ellison had re- 
moved them both in the same 
over, runs were hard to come 

When Ellison picked up 
Abrahams and Maynard 
cheaply, and Igglesden took a 
useful wicket Lancashire were 
95 for five. Being halt and 
lame, they did rather well to 
get another 70. It needed two 
good catches in feet to keep 
them down to that one by 
Ellison at mid-off and a 
juggling effort by Cowdrey at 
slip. Batting was often hazard- 
ous, as it probably will be 

LANCASHIRE: First innings: 162 (63.4 
OVWS. May 6 for 57). 

Second innings 

Q D Merefts c Marsh b Bfison 44 

■G Fowler b Bbson 21 

the cut and 

M R Chadwick c Minks b Igglesden 12 

J Abrahams Bn* b Bbson 4 

C Maynard c Marsh b Bftson 3 

M Waikmson few b EMtey 25 

S J OShaugrinessytow to Oiler 5 

N H Fan-bromer c EEson b Alderman- 7 

PJW ADott c togtesden b Dfley 5 

I FoSey c Cowdrey b Way 13 

B P Patterson not out 12 

eft'l V*\ B *' 

By Ivo Tennant 

PORTSMOUTH: Hampshire 
(24pts) beat Warwickshire (2) by 
an innings and 43 runs. 

Accurate and, in Marshall's 
case, hostile bowling on a pitch 
which helped the seam bonders 
brought Hampshire victory by 
an innings m two days. Only 
Arif Din and Mc Millan, both of 
whom made half centuries, de- 
layed them for long. 

Warwickshire's first innings 
ended before lunch. Resuming 
on 22 for two, and without 
Lloyd whose nose was broken at 
the weekend, they were no 
match for Marshall or, to a 
lesser degree, Connor. With the 
exception, that was, of Arif Din. 

Not so long ago one felt he 
was fortunate to be on 
Warwickshire's staff Now be is 
foil of runs and the wrisiy 
strokes which brought him 10 
- ■ "‘Bmt '■ y - Tk&fa'fi &gs*rV'*+.\ • a boundaries in his first innings 
J! "• yesterday. Admittedly, almost 

i? ■: >3SSfc as soon as he came in, Marshall 

• came off, his spell one of .10-4- 


Pick of the day: Ken Rutherford is bowled by Andy Pick 

Extras (lb a wl.nbSJ — 



FALL OF WICKETS: 1-69. 2-70. 345. 4- 
95. 305. 6-125. 7-132. 8-139. 9-141. 
BOWLING: Dffey 17.4-3-53-4; Alderman 
14-5-36-1; Bbson 154-36-4; Igglesden 

Coney hit in face 
before first Test 

KENT: First Innings 

M R Benson c Aten b Patterson 16 

S G Hinks c Maynard b Alott 4 

C J Tavare c Maynard b 

OShaughnessy 37 

N R Taylor c Maynard b Allott 16 

Asett c Watkinson I 

By Peter Ball 



ibASon 11 

*CS Cowdrey cWatkBtsonb Alott - 19 
RM Bbson low 

rb Patterson . 
S A Marsh ibw b AUott . 

G R Dittey c Chadwick b Patterson ... 
T M Alderman not out 

A P Igglesdsn b Patterson 
Extras (tt> 9, wl, nbll) . 

Total (54.4 oners) 

- 21 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2-27. 3-78, 4- 
85. 5-1 14, 6-121 . 7-123, 8-13SL 9-139. Id- 

BOWLING: Patterson 17 44-434; Alott 
18-5-42-4; Watkinson 10-2-35-0; 
O'Straugtuiessy 9-2-28-2. 

Second Innings 

M R Benson not out 35 

S G Hinks c Watkinson b Patterson — 0 

Cj Tavare not out 3 

Extras (nb 4) 4 

Total {1 wkt) , 



Umpires; C Cook and D G L Evans. 

Cambridge carries on 
where Walsh left off 

BRISTOL : Gloucestershire (24 
pis) beat Somerset (4) by an 
innings and Jive runs. 

On Saturday Gloucestershire 
were out for 308 and had taken 
six Somerset wickets for 85. 
Yesterday morning Somerset 
were all out for 147 and were 
required to follow on. The loss 
of Marks early on did not give 
them sufficient margin against 
Walsh, who produced figures of 
nine for 72, the best of his 
career, and for that matter the 
best for anyone in England this 
season. It was a pity he did not 
lake all 10 but with eight down 
and a catch going from the 
bowling of Sainsbury to 
Graveney, runs were too scarce 
for chivalrous risks. 

By Alan Gibson 

in the pavilion and Somerset 
had nothing much to play for. 
Marks and Harden made a 
stand and then Dredge and a 
biffing Garner, but the innings 
defeat was not saved. 

Gloucestershire will have 
been glad to have got the match 
done with when the evening sky 
grew grey. They have never, 
strictly speaking, won the 
championship — it was an 
unofficial afliir when they were 
last head of the list — but they 
have a side this season with the 
right b alanc e and enthusiasm. 
GLOUCESTERSHIRE: First Innings*. 308 
(80S overs. C W J Athey 55. P Bambridge 
51; J Garner 4 for 59). 

SOMERSET: First Innings 

T J Wyatt c Cretan b Walsh 0 

N A Felton c Curran b Watoh- — 4 

In the second innings it was 
Bain bridge who did the damage 
and they were the best figures of 
his career as well. There was no 
vicious pitch to account for all 
this; good, tidy bowling, and 
casual batting made up most of 
the sum. 

In the second innings Felton 
and Wyatt made a calm start. 
Then, at 35. Felton and Harden 
were out to consecutive balls. 
Wyatt went at 37. One run later. 
Richards popped the gentlest of 
chances to short square leg. it 
was interesting to see the re- 
action of the Bristol crowd to 

Of course they love beating 
Somerset and they have their 
eyes on the championship this 
season but they were on top, 
there was a day and a half to go 
and the greatest batsman in the 
world is worth watching for an 
hour or two. They greeted his 
return with a kind of awed 
satisfaction. There he was. back 

J J E Hardy c Russell b Walsh 11 

T V A Richards c Alleyn# b Walsh — 35 

R J Harden c Bakibndge b Welsh 1 

V J Marks c Rice b wash 18 

IT Gard Ibw b Walsh 1 

MR Davis not out 14 

C H Dredge c Russel b Walsh . 
J Gamer c Graveney b Sansbu 
R V j Coombs hit wtt b Walsh 

Extras (fe 12, rib 8) 

Total (42_3 OVBT3) 




— _20 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2, 2-7. 3-14. 448. 
5-65. 6-73. 747. 8-100. 9-119. 10-147. 
BOWLING: Walsh 2144-724: Sainsbury 
13445-1; BaWtridge 4-1-124; Graveney 

Second Innings 

N A Felton M Russel b Bambridge — 1| 

landers drew with Notting- 

A shadow was cast over the 
final stages of the New 
Zealanders* last match before 
the first Test when Jeremy 
Coney, their captain, was struck 
on the cheek while fielding at 
silly point. Although there were 
no obvious signs of a break, he 
was badly bruised and after 
treatment was taken to hospital 
for an exploratory X-ray last 

It was a perturbing end to an 
otherwise satisfactory day for 
the tourists, who played almost 
all the worthwhile cricket for the 
third day running. In the morn- 
ing Martin Crowe, who again 
looked in co mi seating form, 
and Edgar took the opportunity 
of some useful batting practise, 
and then the bowlers flexed their 
muscles purposefully as the 
weakened Nottinghamshire side 
made only a half-hearted at- 
tempt at Coney's generous 
declaration — setting 265 runs in 
four hours for victory. 

Realistically Nottingham- 
shire's chances looked promis- 
ing while Broad was in 
occupation. If Watson, 3gain the 
most persistent and penetrative 
of the New Zealanders' seam 
bowlers. passed his outside edge 
more than once in the early 
states, Uie opener soon replied 
by driving him for consecutive 

Robinson also appeared" 
reasonably comfortable, bat the 
introduction of Gray ended his 
stay as he chopped the arm-ball 
onto his stumps. Broad, how- 
ever, was moving purposefully 
— as if determined to lay the 
calumny that he cannot play 
spin once and for all. He 
launched a savage assault on the 
slow left-arm bowler and 
whether by choice or accident. 
Newell was virtually a passive 
partner as the pair put on 63 in 
12 overs for the second wicket 
Broad claimed 48 of them as 
two overs from Gray cost 24, 
four of the five boundaries, 
including the six. coming from 
lusty legside blows. 

The return of Watson ended 
the charge as Broad steered him 
invitingly to gully. The score, 
revealingly, was 1 1 1, and so it 
remained for the next wicket as 
Johnson, who has looked totally 
out of touch, followed two overs 
later, attempting to hook a 
delivery too for up to him. That 
gave Smith, back behind the 
stumps after his absence with 
back trouble on Sunday, a 
simple skier off his glove. 

The obstinate Newell, push- 
ing the intermittent single to 
keep his score ticking along just 
below a run an over, however 
continued single-mindedly. As 
Birch contributed more force- 
fully. the generosity of the 
declaration meant that the tar- 
get was still readily attainable 
even after Birch fell to a 
mistimed hook. 

There were 94 needed when 
the 20 overs began, but the first 
four accounted for Newell, 
bowled off his pads, and Not- 
tinghamshire lost any interest in 
winning the match. The game 
was meandering inevitably to 
the draw when French’s slashing 
drive struck Coney on the full 
and lhe New Zealand captain 
was taken off 

NEW ZEALANDERS: First innings 326 tor 
8 dec (M D Crowe 80. J J Crowe 75) 
Second Innings 

K R Rutherford b Picfc -ZZ- 45 

S A Edgar not out L_.. 46 

J J Crowe c Broad bSaxefey 4 

M D Crowe not out — - 56 

Extras (b Z lb 5. w 3) 10 


Cutting the ball both ways, 
Marshall had Smith leg before in 
the first over of the day. Amiss 
superbly caught by James at 
cover. Parsons taken at the 
wicket and Small was yorilced. 
Connor trimmed Hum page’s 
bails and, after M unton had 
stubbornly resisted for 19 overs 
and as many runs, saw to the 

There was less in the pitch for 
the bowlers when Warwickshire 
followed on and consequently 
they batted a little better. Per- 
haps it could be put down to 
pride. Thorne and Smith made a 
more convincing start before 
Amiss, having reached 33. cut 
Tremlett too uppish ly and was 
held at gully. Hnmpage simi- 
larly got himself out, caught at 
point, and Parsons was unable 
to lake his bat as well as his body 
out of Marshall's line. Mc- 
Millan. who played some cul- 
tured strokes, also went to 
Marshall and the end was nigh. 

HAMPSHIRE: Firs: Hampshire 

350 tor 6 dec (97 orars. D R Turner 96. R A 
Smith 73. K D James 62. C L Smith 56L 
WARWICKSHIRE: First Innings 

DA Thome b Connor 5 

P A Smith tow b Marshall n 

B M McMifian c R A Smith b Marshal- 0 

G J Parsons c Paris b Marshal 14 

DLAimssc James b Marshal 2 

fG W Humpage b Connor — 4 

Asif Din not out 50 

G C Small b Marshal 0 

TAMuntonb Connor 19 

■NGtttardb Connor 0 

T A uoyd absent hurt 

Extras (bl.fel.wl.nb 2) . 
Total (41.4 oven) 


FALL OF WICKETS: 14. 24. 323. 441. 
547. 549. 7-41. 8-110. 9-110. 

BOWLING: Marshal 154-22-5; Connor 
1 5.4-444-4; James 5-1-25-0; Tremtatt 6- 

Second Innings 
DA Thome b Connor 

P A Smith c Perks b Tremlett ........... 23 

B M McMiHan c Parks b Marshal 61 

D L A<nss c R A Smith b Tremlett __ 33 
tG W Humpage c R A Smith b James 30 

Asit Din notout 14 

G J Parsons c Terry b Marshes 0 

Total (2 wkts dec) 165 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-72. 247. 
BOWLING:. P«k 10-1-22-1; Cooper 154- 
374; Hammings 11-4404; Evans 11-1- 
614: Saxetoy 6-24-1. 
NOTTINGHAMSHIRE: First Innings: 227 
(M Newel 53; Gray 541) 

Second Innings 

BC Broad c Gray b Watson 70 

H T Robinson b Gray 26 

M Newel b Watson 26 

P Johnson c Smith b Watson 0 

G C Small cCLSmithb Jamas 7 

T A Munton Ibw b James 0 

*N Gilford c Marshall b James 0 

T A Lloyd absent hurt 

Extras (b 8. to 8. nb 2) 18 

Total 197 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-29, 241. 3-115. 4- 
187. 5-175, 6-178, 7-193, 8-193. 9-197. 
BOWLING: Connor 16460-1; Marshal 
19-4-51-2; Tramtatt 184-54-2; Jamas 7.5- 

Umpires: o J Constant and B J Meyer. 

■J D Birch c Rutherford b Sttrtng . 
K Evans bConey 

tBN French notout . 

R A Pick c Smith b Corny 

E E Hammings notout 

Extras (bB, b 6. nb 2)- 
Total (7 wkts). 






— .16 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-48. 2-111.3-111.4- 
148. 5-171.6-188.7-169. 

BOWLING: Stating 12444-1; Watson 13- 
3-334; Gray 19-382-1; Barrett 32-254. 
M D Crowe 4-1-17-0; Coney 6-1-14-2. 
Umpires: B Dudteston and D R Shephemy 

Patel gives 
Essex the 

Boycott’s broken hand 
casts a shadow 

R J Harden c Athey b 
VJ Marks cABeynab 
tT Gard c Athey b Graveney 
M R Dews b Banbridge 
C H Dredge b Walsh 






J Gamer c Athey b Satobrkfge 49 

R V J Coombs not out 0 

Extras (b life 5. nb 7) 13 

Total 156 

FALL OF WICKETS: 145. 245. 347. 4- 
38. 5-93. 648. 7-98. 848. 9-154. 10-154. 
BOWLING: Walsh 144-42-1 : Sainsbury 7- 
1-174. Bainbridge 102-2-534; Graveney 

Umpires: M J Kitchen and R A White. 

Glamorgan trailing 

Glamorgan made 307 for five 
ai St Helens. Swansea, which 
means they are still 182 runs 
behind Northamptonshire (Pe- 
ter Marson writes). Morris made 
90, Vounis 66, and Onrong 
begins again this morning on 67. 
There can have been few, if any, 
to have relished the thought of 
padding up to lace the bowling 
at Swansea, where Glamorgan, 
at 13 for no wicket, stood 476 
runs behind Nonhants. 

Clearly, Glamorgan thought 
there to be little point in 
breaking into a trot, so caution 
was the batsmen's watchword, 
and that meant progress was 
slow. Pauline was the first to go. 
caught and bowled by Cape! for 
38 with the score 67, and 

Holmes next, at 1 19. By tea they 
had reached 189 for four ii 

in 88 

overs. Morris, and Maynard, 
too. were back in the pavilion. 

Slack hit a good hundred and 
Butcher made 58 as Middlesex 
made 271 for five at Derby, 
against Derbyshire, to take a 
236-run lead. Radley, who is 25 
not out. and Edmonds begin this 
morning with Middlesex leading 
by 236. 

In the morning, Anderson, 
Marples and the rest held on for 
another 20 overs as Derbyshire 
edged forward by 4 1 runs to 177. 
• David Gower, the Leicester- 
shire captain, put on a Sussex 
sweater and fielded as a sub- 
stitute for them when the vis- 
itors ran out of replacements at 
Grace Road. He saw a studious 
century from Balderstone give 
Leicestershire a comfortable 

HEADING LEY: Yorkshire (23 
points) beat Surrey (5) by seven 

Seven wickets for Jarvis with 
Clinton carrying his bat through 
Surrey's second innings were the 
outstanding performances in 
this match yesterday. A good 
finish, though, was over- 
shadowed by announcements 
that Boycott has broken a bone 
in his left hand and that 
Sidebotiom has a similar injury 
to his right fooL 

Both men will be absent for at 
least a month and possibly 
longer. Inevitably there will be 
speculation whether either will 
be able to play again this season 
and even, possibly, that their 
careers are finished. Boycott, 
who is 45, has to choose this 
autumn between continuing as a 
player, or standing for re-elec- 
tion to the committee. 

A new club rule prohibits 
anyone fulfilling the dual role. 
With several promising young 
batsmen unable to gain a place, 
there has already been talk that 
Yorkshire's cricket committee 
might not renew Boycott's play- 
ing cqntract. Sideboitom, 
Yorkshire's most experienced 

By Richard Sbreeton 

Boycott sustained his fracture 
a fortnight ago against Leicester- 
shire at Middlesbrough. When 
on 38 he was struck on the hand 
by de Freitas while making bis 
much acclaimed 1 50th century. 
The hand has remained painful 
since, although Boycott played 
in Yorkshire's Iasi match and on 
Sunday made an unbeaten 135 
before having the injury con- 
firmed yesterday. This year 17 
innings have brought him 829 
runs, an average of 51.81. 

Surrey, 1 5 for three overnight, 
still 23 behind, owed it to 
Ointon that their innings was 
prolonged. Yorkshire were fi- 
nally left to score 134 in 140 
minutes for victory. The nearest 
Clinton came to being dismissed 
during a stay of 250 minutes was 
when he deprived Jarvis of a 

Jarvis dismissed Lynch and 
Jesty with the last two balls of 
one over. Then Clinton almost 
played on against the first ball of 
Jarvis's next over. Jarvis main- 
tained a lively pace and good 
line, taking seven for 55 — the 
best figures of his career. 

With the ball tending to keep 
low. Yorkshire's task was not 

seam bowler, has a history of straightforward, until Bairetow 
injuries in recent seasons. ° — ~ l "* h,c 


Leicester v Sussex 

Derbys v Middlesex 


MPOLESEX: Ast Jredngs 142 <463 

Hret Innings: 

overs. R O Butcher 66; OH Mortensan 5 

tor 35) 

Second I 

A J T MiUer c Mfler b Holding 29 

W N Slack c Maher b Mortensen — 100 
JDCanbMortsnsen 22 

R O Butcher c Barnett b Mortensan ..58 

C T Radtey not out 25 

P R Downton few Holding 16 

PH Edmonds nor out 7 

Extras! bi, to 12, wi) 14 

Glams v Northants 


Glamorgan, mtti flw ftw twtogs wickets 
In hand, are 62 runs behind 

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE: Brat timings: 489 
tor 6 dee (R J Batey 224 no, R A Harper 
98, R J Bqyd-Moss 6B). 

GLAMORGAN: First Innings 

H Morris cWatartonb Harper 90 

0 BPaufiiwc and b Capet 38 

G C Holmes c Bailey bHaroer 24 


Lokastorshiru, wrtfi five second 
wickets standing, lead Sussex by 

(65.4 ovens) 

Second Innings 

J C Bakferatona b Mays 

R A CodD b Roevo 


Innings: 162 

arrived at the wicket in his most 
belligerent mood. Metcalfe and 
Sharp fell to good catches by 
Richards: Hartley was beaten by 
Pocock. Moxon, though, was 
steadiness personified and 
Yorkshire won with six overs to 

SURREY: Bret timings 269 (A J Stewart 

Second Innings 
N A Falkner tow b Jarvis — 


P WBey esubb Latham ... 

Total (5wWs) 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-76,2-121,3208,4- 

DERBYSHIRE: First Innings 
*K JBamedc Downton b Hughes — 19 

B JM Maher Ibw b Cowans 0 

A HBcEmbuiwb Cowans 45 

JE Morris eButcharb Hughes 28 

8 Roberts b Edmonds 22 

(S Anderson b Panto) 9 

GMBerbErnburey 8 

tCMarpfesc Stock b Dental 13 

M A HoMngB Cowans 19 

A E Wbnner not out — - — — 5 

OHMcrterwenc Carr b Dave). 0 

Yovte Ahmed c Waterloo bMallender 66 
M P Maynard e N G B Cook b Harper .0 

•RCOmongnotout 67 

J G Thomas not out 9 

Extras (to 5, w 2. nb 6) 13 

Totals wktsl 307 

*DI GoaercGould b Lenham . 
L Potter c A P Wefts b Lenham 
TJ Boon not out. 

Extras (b 5, to 9. w 2. nb 6) 

Total (5 wkts) , 

K T Mafyeott tow b Jarvis . 

A J Stewart b Dennis 

M A Lynch b Jarvis 

TE Jesty tow b Jarvis 



GMonkhouso tow b Jarvis. 
RJ Doughty b Jarvis 

By Marcus Williams 

SOUTHEND: Essex, with all 
their second-innings wickets in 
hand, arc 81 runs ahead of 

Worcestershire staged a splen- 
did recovery against Essex yes- 
terday thanks largely to Dipak 
Patel, who rose mom his sick 
bed to score 128 in four hours 
with 18 fours and a six. Before 
lunch Worcestershire had been 
in danger of following on but 
despite Foster’s sustained Jasl- 
medium bowling which brought 
him six for 93, they ultimately 
conceded a first-innings lead of 
only 47. 

Patel had been suffering from 
flu over the weekend, missing 
the game on Sunday when he 
could scarcely stand, and in 
warm weather batted through- 
out his innings yesterday in a 
long-sleeved sweater. 

The day had begun well for 
the batsmen, with Hick and 
D'Oliveira adding 50 in the first 
11 overs, but after Hick had 
reached his own half-century off 
47 balls, the next three balls 
from Lever accounted for him, 
caught at third slip, and 
D’Oliveira, in the gully. 

Informed local opinion had it 
that the combination of high 
tide and humidity was strongly 
in favour of swing bowling and 
this continued to be borne out in 
the pre-lunch period. Neale 
went leg-before to Foster three 
overs later and Patel and Smith 
were frequently in trouble. 

Smith fell to a low catch by 
East at 131, still 239 behind, but 
after -lunch, as the tide went out. 
conditions eased and Patel 
shared a seventh-wicket 
partnership of 1 10 in 37 overs 
with Newport and saw off the 
threat of the follow-on. Pringlq 
accounted for Newport, teg- 
before on the back foot, but 
Radford and lnchmore hit out 
to take Worcestershire to maxi- 
mum batting points. The light 
was grey by the time Patel was 
ninth out. fending a bouncer 
from Foster to die wicketkeeper. 


for British 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Competitors at this year's 
Croft Original British open 
horse trials championship ai 
Gatcombe Park m Gloucester- 
shire wifl face the stiffest course 
in the four-year history of the 

The even! to be held on 
August 16 and 17, includes the 
British national championships, 
formerly held at Locko Park- 
Captain Mark Phillips, the or- 
ganizer and course designer, has 
built a course in keeping with 
the event's new status. 

There are easier alternatives 
at most fences but the direct 
route must be taken if riders 
wish to seek victory. 

The most technically difficult 
fence is the Coutts Complex (14) 
involving a double of big cor- 
ners with just a bounce in 
between. After this the problems 
on the 28-fence course (1 1 are 
new) come thick and fast. The 
Land Rover fence (19) looks 
solidly uncompromising, the 
CO Corral (21) involves a 
ferociously steep climb with a 
solid rail at the top. The next 
fence, the Diablo Double (22), 
copied from a fence Captain 
Phillips saw at Munich in 1972, 
is likely to ghe the riders a 
frighL Set on the steepest pan of 
the hillside, the two solid fences 
leave no room for error. Im- 
mediately afterwards the rider is 
feced with a 3ft 8in rail into the 
water. Captain Phillips, whose 
biggest fear as course designer is 
that cot enough people may get 
round, was thinking yesterday 
of providing an easier alter- 
native into the water. As or- 
ganizer, he cannot compete 

The Young Riders, who have 
a final trial at Gatcombe before 
the European championships, 
will be well tested. In the 
Championship class, however, 
where Virginia Leng, Loraa 
Clarke. Lucinda Green. Mark 
Todd, and Bruce Davidson of 
the United States are entered,' 
the standard of competitor looks 
a fair match for the bold and 
imaginative course. 


narrow lead 
in One-Ton 

From a Special Correspoadent, Palma 
As the One-Ton Cup fleet was 

24 hours into the long onshore 
race yesterday. Bst Food Sally 
from Sweden was reported to be 
holding a small lead as the 33- 
strong fleet approached the 
Columbretes Islands, some i 90 
miles west-north-west ' of Ma- 
jorca, the first turning point of 
the course. ■ , 

So for the race has been a 
drifting match in very tight airs, 
but latest reports indicate that 
there is now a light southerly 
breeze of around four knots and 
the fleet is making some head- 
way towards the Columbretes. 

Although a welcome change 
from the windless night, the 
southerly breeze will make the 
next leg of the course another 
tight air beat as the fleet malms a 
turn to the south-east, heading 
" " ' which 

forms die second raark pf this 
272-ratie course. 

Fast Food Sally Once m tire influence of 
s reported to be Ibiza’s thermal winds, the race is 
lead as the 33- expected to speed up, but it is 
probable in view of t" 

for the island of Ibiza, 

uiwwuii, «r — ■ -the fore- 
casted weather, that once the 
fleet has left the shores of Ibiza 
on the last leg back to Majorca, 
they will once agaia.nin.out of 
wind. If this is thc casc, the „ 
leading yachts will nett pe.ex-jCr - 
peered to finish until- the early 
hours of Wednesday morning, ' 

perhaps even later. : 

When Hager, the leading Brit- 
ish yacht of the series, was last 
sighted off the “island.; of 

Dragonera, she was weB-up wifo 

of this Daniel Andrira .design, 
she has the ability to do .we& in 
these conditions. 

- L." 

. A*» 

Convincing winners 

. I 7, > - 


John Turner and Richard 
Paislow were convincing win- 
ners yesterday of the second race 
at the International 14 Prince of 
Wales Cup week at the Royal 
and Norfolk and Suffolk Yacht 
Club at Lowestoft. 

The starboard side of the first 
heat was substantially favoured 
and' the first five boats to finish 
all came from the Committee 
boat at the end of the start tine. 

John Turner, in only his 
second year sailing 14s. was 
chased hard, first by Roger 

Yeoman and Mike Mote, who 
eventually finished fourth,, and 
then by Neil and Duncan Mc- 
Donald, who finished third db 
Sunday and went on to daim 
second place yesterday. . \ 
RESULTS: Sunday: T, W Henderson ant 
B Grant (ttchenor SCfc 2. J Tumfcr and R 
Paratow (Exmoutti SCJ; 4: N and 0 


~ A ^ 

jr: ■; . •. 


! -J 

PWSWW itxmouBi n ana u . S''.—,- I 

McDonald (Wareosh scf Yw**d«ry: t. j ■ 'i * 

Tumor and R ParSwc ^ N-imH) ^ ' 

McDonald: 3. -J Hartley and I Tlktt. 
(Ketwnor SQ. . . • ■ : . 

COWES: Stx-uuira nuBonal dtoMtanMpc 
1 . Gitana U. Biftw E de RodiechHd: iVGfaml. 
Baron £ de RoOtscndd: a KMa. E Mi aou il 
Ovaralfcl. Haw HaJssfySwritzutod, Opts; 2. 
GftanaL 172:3. PwMWWHtahdvaevZZ. 

9*‘ b 


. y 

i tJ 


Repton’s record hopes 

. Repron, the holders, are 
strong favourites to retain the 
Youll Cup public schools dou- 
bles competition which started 
at Wimbledon yesterday. 

Victory would will make 
them the first school to win the 

matches played, three had gone 
to" a dcading 'single;, oner tof- 
which saw Charterhouse's first 
string Hereward Taylor , over- 
come Worksop's Richard Chris- 
tian 7-f5, 6-1. ■; 

RESULTS: JFlridt round: UCSteWaington 

yar -. m . ..... . 

’1 - 

y. - *: ”.c , e 

|S££ 7 '" ■ 
* ■ 

J *-fl 


trophy six years in succession, 
than St 

one more 
80), whom 

meet in the 

Both schools had first-round 
byes and begin their challenges 
today against KCS and Clifton, 
respectively. Of the first round 

Cofage 2-0; St Geoms's weybndgn-bt 
“O: Char ‘ 

Paul's (l 976^ vjSrtoopTlr ^eytxoy bt 
are seeded to Martoarauon’M8itnMa2-i 

rxurtiousfl M 
CQito'S 2-1; 

; . ♦ 
- 1 - 

2-0: Landnaht 
s Taunton 2-0; NmnasttoRGS tt 


2-1: Waratet. bt^ — 

Eton, -bt 

0: Foisted.' m 
H aberdashers - . 2-0; 

i««-ir_ tf ,^ ulru i-«K Oil 

wowngoopougn £-v. • 

: More tennis, page 32. 

j . 

i .-i-. • 


l va 

Skiving off with Finnegans Wake 


ESSEX: F««t Innings 370 tor 5 dec 

=5 A h Gray b Jan* 




A R Bonier 56). 

Second Innings 
*G Gooch not out . 

1(5 wkts) 

Score at 100 overs: 227-4. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 147,2-119,3174,4- 

BorHjg.jipto ts: Glamorgan 4, Narth- 
Umpires: D O OStoar aid J H Hampshire. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-59.2-151,3159,4- 

SUSSEX: first Innings 
A M Green c Gil b Da Freitas — g 
NJ Lenham tow b Fonts — o 

*P I Pocock Ibw bCarrick- 
Extras(b4.to5, nb2), 

„ 10 
_ 11 
- 171 

j P Stephenson not out . 

Total (no wkt), 

PWG Parker tow b Ferns 
A PWdbb Ferris 

CM watts cGi.bFttro. 



held on to draw 
with MCC in 

Exbas to 1,166, wl.nbl) , 
Total (66.5 ovars) 

„ 177 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-3, 2-34, 367, 4- 

BOWLING: Daniel 143-1-52-3; Cowans 
132-433; Hughes 131-42-2; Edmonds 
13-3131; Emouray 13317-1 
Total bonus poMsr Datoyshira 5, Mkkbe- 

Umpkes: J Qrkenshaw end R Jufian. 

• Ireland 
their game 
Dublin yesterday after being 
set 279 to win in four hours 
(George Ace writes). 

R I Atthan tow b Do Fraitas. 
DK standing not out 


□ A Reeve bDe Freitas. 

JJIJ Gould cCMt 








FALL OF W1CKEB; 1-0. M, M, 4-37, 3 
37. 379. 7-82. 3148,3154, 13171 
BOWLING; Jarvts 25-7-55-7: Dennis 132- 
34-1: Gsrfck 25^432; Shaw 2-1 -7-0; 
Swaflow 11-4-17-0 

YORKSHIRE: first Innings: 307-6 dac (G 
Boycott 135 n o, A A Metcalfe 55, k Sharp 

Second Innings 

MD Moxon notout — 42 

WORCESTBtSHRE First innings 
TS Curtis b Lever 


D B D'Olivefra c sub b Lever 

^SJ Rhodes c Lifley b Foster 

j A Hit* c Border bLerar 
D M Smfth c East b Foster 
■P A Neale tow bToster 

9 , to 10 . w 3, nb 3) ..25 

Total (B1\2 overs) 182 

A A MetoaJts c Richattls b MonkhouSfi 20 

K Sharp c Richards b Gray 4 

S n Hartley b Pocock 11 

D N Patel c East b Fostn 
PJ Newport tow b 
N V Radford c Gooch 
JD l n chmore not out 

SCORES; MCC 389 tor 7 dec (M Waugh 

239 not out) end 205 tor 2 dec | 


Warka 68. M 

101 not out B Hassan 6lfc Irrtand 306 
9 dac (D Dennison B5, S 

62 not out, C tiwnbato 6 tor_93| 

and 231 for 8 |J Garth 64, M Ha«day 45. 
Mascot! 44). 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1, SMI J ,318. 4- 
120,3127. 3166, 7-168. 3180, 3182, 13 

BOWLING: □« Freitas 24-5-84-3; Ferns 
14-3-544: CM 2333433 
Bonus points: Lefcustershira 5, Sussex 5, 
Unqteee: B Lgedbetnr and K E Pakmr. 


Total (3wkta) 




A P Pridgeon b Foster 
Extras (to 1) 

Totaimaei . . 

FALL 0FW&CETS-. 1-8.2-11, 390. 4-91, 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-56. 243,3-69 

BOWLING: Gray 11-1 j31 ^Dougt |t^31- 

130; Monkhousa 6-331 
1; MedlycotB 3324-0 

398, 3131, 7-241, 3282, 3313, 13323. 
BOWLING: Laver 232-1133; Foster 323- 
7-93-6: Pringle 12*431; Gooch 14-2-43 
0; Childs 31-830. 

Bonus points: Essex 8. Worcestershire 3 
Umpiras.- J W Holder and H J Rhodes. 

The more I read about the 
decline of sport in schools, the 
more I remember the Wednes- 
day afternoons of my own youth. 
I used to lore games afternoons 
more than anything. Ralph and I 
used to go to the pub, and drink 
halves of Watney's Starlight 
and dismiss world revolution and 
whether Finnegans Wake was 
better tinn The Rainbow. 

The people who played games 
were miles beneath oar 
mountainous contempt. We 
called them “the bruisers'”, 
made self-regarding, 

“intellectual" jokes about them 
and changed the subject to La 
fcvinements in Fans. That, 
along with girls and. looking 
cooL was a subject more worthy 
of discussion. 

This was because, before the 
discovery of Starlight bitter, 
games afternoon bad been an 
unmitigated horror for five 
years. School rugby seems to be 
a sport designed to give a 
supernatural advantage to those 
who reach puberty spectacu- 
larly early. For just about every- 
body outside die year's top XV, 
rag fey was a muddy, freezing 
nightmare of aimless no coached 
rnnnmg-abont followed by in- 
tricate tactical manoeuvring 
whose purpose was to avoid 
having a shower. 

Though my school was pretty 
keen on cricket, I never got to 
play at alL I suspect this was 
because I was bad at rugby. I 
was okay at cross-country run- 
ning, bat I gave this np after I 
bad, for some freakish reason, 
ran so well I beat the field home 
by more, than a minute. The 
teacher then refused to tell me 
my time because it was so East “it 

r ; 

; ' 

• ,v,r ! 

- t* ■ 

‘ •'[£'■# ""/7y : | 

foL- • • ! 




was obrions 1 had takes a short 
art”. School is supposed to teach 
yon Ant life is unfair, M that 

was the end of cross-country 
naming for me, aihd that was 
also how the nation lost a great, 
athletic star. 

I coxed eights briefly, but with 
fairly disastrous results. I had 
the great pleasure of re-meeting 
ray old coach recently, and 
reintroduced myself as “the 
worst - cox ' ever seen, on the 
Tideway”. *T have known worse 
than yon, as a matter of fact,” he . 
said, “tl suRb the competition 
for that honour is pretty 

The school tradition of games 
gave me an awful time, in snort. I 
hated games. So did practically 
everybody. The follies, the 
shinnies, the shorties, the unco- 
ordinated, the myopic, the un- 
competitive. The only 
competition was about who 
could get an aegrotat for some 
trifling ailment and thus spend 
the afternoon mucking about. 

However, for more important 
than its belief in games, Che 
school had a noble tradition of 
tolerance. Ralph and L, Wednes- 
day afternoon “intellectual” 
skivers, were accepted as part of 
Hie school's and life's rid) 
pattern. An official blind eye. 1 
suspect, was turned to any 
suspicion that skiving involved 
the sins of Starlight bitter. 

Sport was something I de- 

spised. Sauce then, sport hits 
become . one of the- great plea- 
sures in my life. I play cricket 
throughout the summer with 
huge enjoyment.: even if the lack 
of early coaching is apparent in 
every movement. I ride by hmse 
as often as life permits: I 
sometimes wonder, as we soar 
exuberantly over a fence. If J 
would .have bated horses had 
they been part of the- school 
aBhriculun. My working life u 
spent watching sport, talking to _ 
athletes, and it is great. f r 

When K hear about the decline 
in sports at schools because of 
lack of foods, or because of the 
increasingly popular notion that 
competitive games are had vibes, 
ny 1 feelings are very -mixed. 
School games always seemed to 
be for the few people who were 
awfully good at them, just as 
English lessons seemed tu be for 
Che people who were good at 
things like disensr" — — — : 

tVokcan d The Ra 


• vY. 

rjTe: - * - 

ire i--* ■" ■ ■ • 

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a«:?- 1 ' 


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«»>"“ - ■ -~r 
Ttirf-s'rVx 'i-,- 1 . 

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I don't know if the people who 
miss out discover the pleasure, of 
great writing later in fifet rit 
would be nice to think . so. 
Certainly sport's pleasare&ouhe 
tome long after I had drunk my 
last half of Starlight, and when 
they Came, they were for more, 
bitoxfcafiag. But the thing is, 
when 1 hear about the woes pf;^^ 
school games, I always think, 
not about the England players 
who are lost to ns as a school 
gives op rugby, but of the 
hundreds »nd thousands of mis- 
erable Wednesday afternoons 
that the enormous nnjority.ef 
the papOs have endared — and 
from which they wffl. now he 

ii -y . 


»- fc . - . 
- -r' 

sft<Sc =:-<• -p. 


j-'! Y f ■ " 

. •-is-* 5 


-« : 

" ■ ' 







BRITISH LEAGUE: Nattonl CHKaraoca: 


Gtasaw Lions 73. Ma^fekf. Express 6. pteemgs: 1. 
Leeds Cougars 2B. Manchester Spartans 28; Yugosfewta; 
Leicester Panthers 23. Nottingham Hoods 3* israeh'B, C 

33. Nottingham Hoods 34; 
Manchester ABstars 25. TVneslde Tri^ans 12: 

Mean Keynes Bucks 20. Birmtngharri Bulls 

21. Wi&a* Tttans 

MAOmO: World c h ewp t qwsWps: Km| 
1, United States: 2. Soviet Linton: 3. 
luifuwA; 4 Brazil; 5. Spun: 6. Italy: 7, 
Israel's, Canada; 9. China: 10, Greece: 11, 
CUxe 12. Argentina. 

37; Portsmouth Warriors 

12. Aogfto Conference: Black 

0. Corentry Bears 100; Stoke 


12 . 

Pride Falcons 54; Luton Ftyera 7 

Mustangs 13j_Nonmdi Osrio 14. Newmarket 


i Sheriffs 32. Johnston 

I: Surrey Thi 

liimi-L- uie a- Ci. -iijjii-jfjt • 

vVpuCoh* a, outUnciyciQ i 


premier dMtfam: Greewrich Rams 0. Brttev 

ton 352s 33. Hret (MafoK The CavskersO, 

Eastbourne Crusaders 24. Second division: 

Hereford Chargers 0, Wight Rhinos ft 

Plymouth Adnwsfts 91. Weston Stan 0. 

Atomic conference: premier dtvWon: Lee 

Vatey Warriors 0, Cambridge County Cels 18: 

Northampton Sformbringers 20. London Rav- 

ens 50. Hret division north: Oasgow Dia- 
monds 46. Wtohingtan Prestdmts 1ft 
Lancashne ChMttans «0. StoOtpon Falcons 

D. Fksi dhtokm south: Bndlord Dolphkis 88, 

The Cemurions 6; Hatton Demons ft Men-. 
Chester Heroes 7B. Central Canferenca: first 

dhristaiE Chohusiond Cheaotea 25. Catenas- 

ter Gladiators 21; Faraham Knights ft 

Dunstable Cowtwys 33: Southend SaSres 2B, 

London Lasers 0. Secood dMaten: London 

SCHOOLS MATCfCS: Borden GS 174-8 dec, 

-Mantettne GS I7ftft •Enfield GS 200. 

Cotthester RGS 123-9; 'Judd 91.DarttordGS 

92-ft The Leopards 1634 dec. *SWm»ra' 

■ Denotes home team. 

SOVIET FIRST IXVtgOrt; TaqredoKuttist 1. 

S?™" 10 D"epr DnepropotrqrsX 1; 

Way 2 . Chemomorets pdeaaa-M 


Donetsk. 2UL 

gmtSH FIRST DIVISION: Ranbtenen 
gtoMura 1. Kuusysi Late) 1: Porto 

Pte Wfilat 1, Turun Psakneura 2: 

™™n rwnqn i, Turun PUneun 

Ootun Tyoeraenpatoapa 2, Koporit ICuopta 


NOTTINGHAM: Nattanat championship 

HnatK tontar 1500m Men; Oooead Fobs 

Q»8Wj5mta 23 ASsec. Doteile scufie; 


2. S hettldM. 2i- 3. Boume- 
mo^^tatar ^ountos : i. YtetaWra. UpK 
S-. Wonh EMl Cowtoa. .15: ST Dorset a 


Cmtafe 25. Grays Saxons 0; Thanet VBdngs 
0. Thames Barriers 22. 


Cond feu — 

AHA. 638.45. 


Forest School 533.4ft 

Georoe's School Women: 

res: ASA. 555.12. " ‘ 

■MR ARA. &5090 J 

Taytor (Mariow). 7:19.14. 

Mark fWwiord School. I 

6-^ jtL BgWaaSt Leonard's School, ft-07.76. 


1r4 4^7.T aant i. Yorireliire, 11; J 
Oowttos. 15:3. OoraeL 2ft 

Open: Fkeh: Manta 



etotees: i SogtartofindonjteSz* YuMue) 15- 

ft ilftWoewata etaglM: » Wen (Chinto bt 
H Trato (Eng) 3lT. 11-9, 11-8. Merita 
double* Lkm &wie Ktagptertano flndonlta R 
Sidek/J SJdek (Mai) 153. T2-15. 15-12. 

Women 1 * doobt e* Verawaty Fajrta/Nene Lie 

(tndon) W I Kumiawen/ R Tendaai pndon) 17- 
15. 15-ZMh«ddotWM;SFI«to«g/Gd«te 
gte^Brig)otS BaddMy/G Gowers (Sg^S- 

- — — . Uw. 

tew* 1. ChriMchurch. ft flyde. 

921.79; ft FoBtestona, 92SS1. Doubte 


^txime 64. eaa»- 


, 6:6. J 

BAfipnm i 

NORTH AMBBCA: American League: CNcs- 

White So* 8, New York YarttewO; Detrott 

m White So* 

Ttoers4. Tex 
0 /Minnesota 

Texas Rangers 0: BMknore Ortoies 

Twins 3; Ka 

. — Kansas City Royals 3. 

Cleveland hxffana 2 (1st retold: Mhrartae 
Brewers 7. Oakland Atttotfca 2 (2nd retogt 

Oakland Athlete* 4, NBwaukN Dra wer s 2 

(10th tanui® Toronto Blue teys 6, Catttoroia 

Angeis 3; ^ttte Mariners 9, aiton Rad Sax 

5. Nattanat L eague: Houston Astros S. New 

J; Pittstxinjh Ptonaa.4, San Otagol 

pa Anastas Dodgers 7. St Lous 
n Ftanasce Giants 5, CNcago 

ft Los 
Reds ft San 

Cubs 4. 

at Expos. 



OTXwovon/N West (OeasWo) 239 ^2. Junto 
Ki .anteeK M Adame (Hartow). 320.13, 

■or K2 daetdeK R Qjiunign/C Darrel 

(Uncom).fti2-36.WnmeTr g enter OBBteue-M 

Ktemoteh/G PoBuro (Deesidel.3s31.2S. Jretor 

J Hsher/R Lewratt (Uncota). 



«Mant 857 a«E 

1 Flhnat J.4fi4.O0 

420 ft 8.4S 

a ■W* «®. Finn at 



Z3S. ejs. ajso. 9.00. scare 
ritetotee. Ptenorofiree parking 


■gjjsaTTa »imn boom. 

TWUL fUl 2-35, 4.4ft ftSQ * 

Bft6. t2l AFTER MUBtis 

--W. 6.46 *ftS. U? 
Bar. Seats Booftable. ~ - 


2.05. 8.00. 8.06. TJctoS 
hoofcaMe m advaiKe. 

wed/Vrar. ■fr’ nSturiwL 



UQ 2L06. 7.00. Uc Bar- Scats 
BookOMe. Air CondiUawd. 

8360491 AN MFunarroRL 

*■"“«? WteORTMJODCE 

.Mgryt snep- t, 
Rcdforg “OUT OT - 
AFRtCA tPOl DaUyi5Xlft09j0 

. HAYnURKET-. - «9SO 

W«a bootabie. in aft 
jy*? A«^# ana vrea ' 
Wfanhotw ttootongr wrtenroc, ■- 

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ftoo 0 . 00 . 

open, (tody aoo 

/.vm /AqiEri as r«9 a* - 

afl nertL- All maps' 
"tetatee In aduance. 

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'JSam*JNeuu .ms 

M 2 PU| pwt paa» mdi s«e 

- 8*^3* Today I air 



® Ck 




35 g& 



Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

-j (LOO Cantu AM. 

-t fc50 Breakfast Time Vrftn ffick 
Rosa in the stuefio and 
. Ortbfe Greenwood from a 

6.15 Good 

Bucnngham Palace. 
Weather at 6.55, 7J5, 

7.55. 8J5 and IL55P 
regional news, weather 
and traffic at 6^7. 727, 
7-57 and BJ27; national and 
international news at 7.00, 
730, 8-00, 8.30 and 9 lQ 0; 7-20 and &20 ; 

. and a review of the 
-morning newspapers at 
:■ &37. Plus, Maria Schriver 
explaining how Americans 
wiH be seeing the Royal 
Wedding; Beverly Alt with 
■ honeymoon fashion ideas; 
Glynn Christian prepares a 
feast for a princess; and 
provides summer recipes: 
toere are the Junior and 
Adult Advice Lines: and 
. gardening hints from Alan 


)r d hopes 

'VXr Lhrt;| Jad& 

Y Richard 
t"* f^'a W 4, J?s 

- -V- 

v K-re fen nii 


“ Ssnor ihra. sm b 
*»' oac nf ibe ou t 
»n n> life. I 
■ifchOui the sumo^f ^ 
*ajo> nifci, even ifihU 
rl> cruching is ayppRi 
^ctneaL I ridtbifc, 
■fu*n J> life petnasi 
: " winder. as **» 
..•rar.rij mer a fMn.ii 
il lu»e luted bones U 
N.-. = ;»*ri of the sdw 
d'iiiin. M> “orkinS* 
: v.j:; sport dkajs 
'i'*. jsd i; is great 

n-.n 1 in/ar about tefata 
nr!* JJ M-flAOls btfasd 
••;' f'jnJs. or becaaofi 
Dipclar siacfc 
games ire briiikv 
Uc ; :ng- are ‘eff usd 
■i.J game* a!»a»s iiodi 

>r IjV (,« profile xtP W 

!! i g vd it tlmjsf 

;s. L . i:-wiu srerarfoWfe 

.pi t a he nitre pdt 
\ i;<ussiK/ear 
-*;2 rif .faisi?*- 

atu* ifnwptfPfc* 
. u: c >.••«*« rtw 
ursnis fawr in 6* 
.1 hr r.iiv io il®* 1 
• •;:» * pliaflW® 

r’:’»r-t JS«e» 1 

i?**uflij:ct 3 ® ,E 
-'j-ir. The' •* EJJ 
; „. r ... Bur The W‘ 

•TW-ir Jb«W ,Jie "S 

.. i jlmw® 

aN-e: E^.S 


.._ OBl 

i; jl OCJ 

",...1. ;ho ^ * 


•120 Ceefax 10^0 Play SctaoL 
• ZT lOjpffCeetat 

News After Noon with 
.. Richard Whitmore and 
Frances Coverdate, 
includes news heaettnes 
with subtitles 1.25 
Regional hews 
anaweether.i JO 
-r Fetgennouse. (r) 1.45 
Ceefax 4.12 Regional 

4.15 Das tercMy and Mutdey. 

" Cartoon. 420 Wacky 
— RaewL Cartoon, (r) 435 
__ Tti'inkof aNumber. 

-i,.- . JobnnyBaU takes another 
. z ■ lighthearted look at 
J 4 science and number.# 
i00 John Craven’s 
' Nawsround 5.05 Wa Am 
: . .. the ChamploRs. A special 
competition from 
1 .. Hyndbum Sports Centre, 

" Accrington, for teams of .. 
disabled young people 
— - from north west England- 
The Lancashire Lions, The 
■ Cheshire Cats , and The 
r: Pennine Panthers. 

V "Presented by Ron 

J ,as Rolf Harris Cartoon Time. 
•TVJRr News with Sue tawley and 
j- . Nicholas- WrtchaH. - 

. Weather. 

'^L35 London Plus. 

'^3o The Roytd Wedding: 

Andrew and Sarah -A 
^ " " Royal Couple. Sue Lawtey 
i? r - taks to Prince Andrew and 
. ■ Sarah Ferguson about 
r i. their big day tomorrow and 

-their plans for the future. 
mTJB EastEndem. Early 
-Vi morring^visitore arrive - 
unexpectedly in Albert 
.1 ' Square: the Watts family 
— : discover what is upsetting 

Roty; and Michelle 
*.• • receives an offer of help 
-from Den. (Ceefax) 

&20 XIII Commonwealth - 
Games: Desmond Lynam 
-s reviews sporting feats of 
past Commonwealth 
*»: Games, and looks forward 

/v to what is Instore In 

rS. Bcflnburah from Thtjrsday. 
--9.00 Nows with John Humphrys 
; and Andrew Harvey. 

Weather. . 

t &3Q The Royal Wedding; 

N . LondoiLffrepares. Fpink. 

■■ Bough aridSdina Scott 
are at Buckingham Palace 
..'talking to members of the 
•. ~ pdjifc and those involved 
7 V- In' the final preparations; 

»; ’ Stoiiy Magnussoh is in" ' 

a .» ■ ■ Westminster Abbey; Glyn. 
WorsrflpisinOumtner; : 
the crowds-^ The Malt . 

- and at Clarence House, - 
, Selina Scott listens to 

members of the.Royai .. 

Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon 
Honey combe at 6J0, 7.00, 
7208.00, 820 and 9.00; 
sport at 6.40, 7 j 40 and 
8.40; exerdses at 625; 
cartoon at 72% and Jeni 
Barnett’s postbag at 825. 
Plus, Suzanne Lowry, 
fashion editor of the 
International Herald 
Tribune; Godfrey Tafoot 
and Nigel Dempster; 8.45 
Wacaday, presented by 
Timmy Matiet 


925 Thames news headlines 

followed by Struggle 
Beneath me Sea. A look 
at crowned btennies. Uttie 
fish that change cotour 
with their emotions 920 
The Little Rascals* (r) 
10.10 Jayce and the 
Wheeled Wanton. 
Cartoon series 1020 - 
Gatactica 80. The final 
episode of the science 
fiction adventure. 
1120Courageous Cat 

1120 About Britain. Tha Isle of 
Thanet filmed over a 
period of five February 

12.00 Jamie and the Magic 
Torch go looking for the 
mysterious Inhabitant of 
Cuckoo Land, (r) 12.10 
Rainbow, (r) 1220 Tim 

1-00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 120 Thames news. 
120 Tucker’s Wish. The 
husband and wife 
detective team investigate 
the source of a gossip 
columnist's death threats. 

220 Family Matters. Colin 
Morris talks to 'Betty', the 
wife of an alcoholic 320 
Mouthtrap. Game show 

!C m. 

Mnrray the HuorTbere wssa 
Crooked Man, lTV,1020pm 

•There is. dearly, no limit to 
the ubiquitousness or versatility 
of the Welsh. And no end to 
their ability to surprise us. Don 
Llewellyn's THERE WAS A 
CROOKED MAN (ITV, 10.50pm), 
bearing the stamp of 

authonty because It was made by 

HTV Wales, tells us 
something that not all the 
gangster movies of the 
Thirties nor the Crime toe 
documentaries of the Eighties 
so much as mentioned: that A1 
Capone had a Welsh first 
lieutenant, Runyonesqueiy 
dubbed Murray the Hump 
(real name Humphreys), and that 
when Capone was kicked up, 
it was Murray the Hump who 
took over the reins. Not only 
that. He also took aangstardom 
in a new direction by 
“laundering" Its ULgotten gatns( 


putting them to outwardly 
respectable use), and operating 
a system of presidential 
sponsorship. Despite the tong 
catalogue of vicious crimes 
laid at the Hump's door, not one 
voice is raised against turn in 

UeweHyn's film. Indeed, the jokey 
motto that the super hoodlum 
hung up in his home - “Love thy 
Crooked Neighbour as You 
Love thy Crooked Self"- could 
equally wall have been HTV's 
declaration of intent when 
embarking on this vastly 
entertaining exercise in criminal ' 

•The Times 's contemporary 
verdict on R L Stevenson, quoted 
in Tusitata (Channel 4, 

9.00pm). was that he had the gift 
of a bom writer, and never 

mind the rough -hewn styte.The 
same goes for Peter 
Yetdham.who has scripted this 
three-part life of RLS. 

Tonight, after a gallop through 
the creative processes of 
Treasure Island and Jekytl and 
Hyde, the tale settles down to 
a domestic canter, with RLS's 
wife saving him from a 
tubercular death, and the 
beginning of the writer s tong 
voluntary exile in Samoa. 

•Best of the rest: Phillip 
Noyce's film about Australian 
newsreel rivalry m the late 
Forties and eany Fifties, 
Newafront (BBC2. 900pm). 
and a fascinating Living World 
documentary about sex 
determination in animals (Radio 

Radio 4 

presented by Don 
Maclean. 325 Thames - 
news heatttnes 320 The 
Young Doctors. 

4.00 Jamie and the Magic 
Torch. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon. 4.10 The Moomins. 
Cartoon series, (r) 420 
Storybook International: 
The B8nd Beauty. The tale 
of a peasant who worked 
for a rich merchant 
(Oracle) 445 Splash. 
Magazine programme tor 
the young. 

5.15 Star Choice. Horoscope 

545 News 6.00 Thames news. 
620 Crossroads. 

645 The Royal Wedding. 
Andrew Gardner and 
Sarah Kennedy with the 
latest news about 
tomorrow's big event 
720 A Royal Romance. A 
documentary, following 
Prince Andrew and Sarah 
Ferguson from the time . 
the news of their 
engagement was 
announced to the past 
weeks' preparations for 
tomorrow. The 
programme Includes 
Andrew Gardner talking to 
the couple about , 

. ". tomorrow and their plans, 
for the future. . 

'820 Emmetdale Farm. Jack 
. discovers that Joe and 
- -Karen ate having an affair. 
82(T Rim: Mutiny on the Buses 
(1972) starring RegVamey 
; and Doris Hare. Comedy, 
based orrtlie successful • ; 
• - • television series.'Stan, the 
breadwinner of the Sutler 
family, announces that he 
Is marrying a young 
conductress. Plans are 
laid to prevent their troths 
being pffghted. Directed by 
Harry Booth. 

1020 News at Ten and weather. 
1020 There Was a Crooked 
Men... The story of 
Ueweityn Mom's 
Humphreys, alias Murray 
the Hump, a Welshman 
who became Al Capone's 
deputy and Public Enemy 
No 1. (see Choice) 

1140 Mann 1 * Best Friends. 
Comedy series starring 
Fulton Mack ay as a retired 
Water Board official who 
is hired to bring order to a 
chaotic household in 
exchange tor a roof over 
his head. 

12.10 Vengeance. Two men 
meet when on the run for 
their lives. 

1240 Night Thoughts- 

" t Park the cameras 

v eavesdrop on Prince 

Andrew as he attends a 
<■■■' .special performance of. 

\- HMS Pinafore. 

iiUJs15 ’Alto ’AfW Rene, the 

Colonel and the Captain 
zi£ are captured by the 

• » - - Gestapo and taken to the 
' Chateau where Fli ck is 

. looking forward to testing 

his ways of making them 
?C-.’V talk, (r) (Ceefax) 

< .1045 NeUDmaonf^teflo 
Again. The singer in 
: concert with his guest 

: ; . Carol Burnett Stevie 

Wonder and Lionel 

V- Ritchie. 

Mtl9B Rhode. Rhoda impresses 
:• on her sister the need to 

-7 be independent W 

-aonn- weather. — 

625 Open University: Biology - 
Looking at CeUs. Ends at 

920 Ceefax. 

525 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

520 Terry Waite Takes a 

, Different View, the 

Archbishop of 
Canterbury's Special 
Envoy in conversation with 
Liverpool -bom entertainer, ' 
Frankie Vaughan. (First 
shown on BBC North i 

620 Whistle Test Extra: Big 
Country. The popular 

Anglo/Scots band in 
concert before an 
enthusiastic audience at 
the Hexagon, Reading. 

720 Fat Man in the Kitchen. 

Tom Vernon turns Ms 
culinary skills to English 
fare, preparing tha 
traditional saute of 
kidneys; roast beef and 
Yorkshire pudding; and 
Manchester trifle. 

720 Questions of Defence. 

Part three of John Barry's 
history of Nafo examines 
the question of nuclear 
arms. There are now some 
5.000 nuclear weapons 
deployed on Europen soU. 
How did they get there? 

John Barry traces how 
nuclear arms came to be 
adopted. With 
contributions from 
Wolfgang Aitenburg. 

Robert Bowie, Pierre 
Gallois, Andrew 
Goodpaster, Denis 
Healey, and Robert 

B.00 Wildlife Showcase: 

Whitecoat. A film made by 
Norman Lightfoot of the 
Harp seal which inhabits 
the waters off Canada's 
north Atlantic coast. 

-■ Lightfoot filmed in 

February, the birth season 
when the pups emerge 
from the womb to Instant 
sub-zero temperatures, a 
difference of almost 50 
degrees Celsius, and 
captured how they cope in 
the harsh environment- 

820 Steam Days. In this, the 
third programme of his 
series on the glories of 

. . steam trains. Miles 

Kington fondly explores 
the time when railways 
where legally obliged to 
carry qny consignment to 

anydestmation, no matter- 

how far the distance or 
smalfthe package may 
have been. 

920 Fine Newsfront (1978) 
starring BUI Hunter and : 
Gerard Kennedy. Set in 
' Australia between 1948 
and 1958,-and filmed .in . 
black and white as well as 
colour, this drama foHows 
the fortunes of two rival 
newsreel companies. 
Cmesound and Movietone, 
ten Maguire is the top 
man at Cinesound, his 
brother Frank, the chief of 
Movietone. The personal 
rivalry is needy inter-cut 
with archive film of actual 
events. Directed by PhllHp 

1045 NewsnigliL The latest 

national and international 
news including extended 
coverage of the main story 
of the day. With Peter 
Snow, Donald 
MacCormlck and Otivta 

1120 Weather. 

1125 Open University: Basic 
Education for Adults. Ends 
at 12.05. 

2.15 Their Lordships' House, (r) 

220 Film: Distant Drums (1951) 
starring Gary Cooper. 
Western drama about a 
Red Indian fighter leading 
an expedition Into the 
Florida Everglades to fight 
the Seminole Indians. 
Directed by Raoul Walsh. 

420 BaHet-Oop. A cartoon 
about baUet 

420 Dancin’ Days. Marisa 
rejects her mother and 
Julia loses her grip on her 

520 Bewitched. Tabatha is 
given a toy piano by her 
grandmother who also 
bestows on her grand- 
daughter the gift or playing 
the instrument like a 

520 i^InVarticular, f 

presented by Lesley Judd. 
Vet James Allcock hold tils 
surgery and explains how 
to become a vet; and 
reasons people keep 
bees. Plus, exotic animals 
and working and guard 
dogs. (Oracle). 

6.00 A Horse’s Tale. A 
documentary about a 
County Clare farmer's 
dilemma over getting rid of 

' his plough horse and 
investing instead in a 

620 1986 Tour de France. A 
rest day and a chance to 
catch up with the 
highlights of the tour so far 
and those of the women's 

720 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen includes 
live coverage of 
President Reagan's 
speech on South Africa. 

7.50 Comment With his views 
on a topical subject is Paul 
Pettit, an accountant and a 
campaigner for a 
Democratic Britain. 


8.00 Brookside. Nicholas is no 
help when Heather tries to 
discipline his children; Pat 
with an alibi for the night of 
the rape, is upset that both 
Sheila and Sandra thought 
him capable of the deed; 
and Damon meets sex 
discrimination when he . 
applies for a job selling 

620 (Money spinner. The last 
programme of the series, • 
presented by Alison 
Mitchelt.Savrngfor ~ 
children, taking out ' 
insurance, ana tax- 
efficient ways of . 
among the topics this 
evening. Among those 
with advice are debt 
counsellor Jacqui King, 
whom I wrongly and 
embarrassingly described- 
as a debt collector last 
week; Christopher Gilbert 
of What Investment? 
magazine, and accountant 

920 Tusttata. The first of three- 
part drama seriaf to be 
shown on consecutive 
nights about the later 
years of Robert Louis 
Stevenson, (see Choice) 

1120 The Mux Headroom 

Show. With Simon le Bon 
and Nick Rhodes, (r) 

1120 AreWe Bunker's Piece. 
Archie takes drastic action 
when a customer criticizes 
his waiter. 

1220 Their Lordships' House. 

On long wave. VHP variations at 

555 Shipping. 620 News. 6.10 
Farming. 625 Prayer (s). 

620 Today, mcl 620, 720, 

620 Today, mcl 620, 720, 

820 News. 645 
Business News. 7.00, 8.<M> 
News. 725. 825 Spon. 

857 Weather Travel 

9.00 News 

9.05 Tuesday CalL 01-580 
3311. Pnone-ln. 

1020 News; From Our 

Correspondent. Life and 
politics abroad. 

1020 Morning Story: Cricket. 
Lovely Cricket by 
Michael A Pearson. Reader 
Timothy Ktghtiay. 

10.45 Daily Service. 

1120 News: Travel; TWrty- 

Minute Theatre. The Last 
Two Hours Of Anthony 
Anderson, by Brett 
Usher. With Sarah Bade! (s) 

1123 The Living World. The 
Phenomenon of 
environmental sex 
determination in animals. 

1220 News. You and Yours. 
Consumer advice with 
Susan Rae. 

1227 Brain of Britain 1966. 
Second round: North (s). 
12.55 Weather: Travel. 

120 The World AtOne: News 

1,40 The Archers. 155 

2.00 News: woman's Hour. 
Includes an item on 
women fencers. 

3.00 News; The Afternoon 
Play. No Get-Out Clause, 
by Tony McHaie. With Peter 
Vaughan, Norman 
Beaton and Robin Summers 
in the cast (s) 

4.00 News 

425 Soundings. Amnesty 
International >s 25 years 
old tins year. Trevor Barnes 
asks who are today's 
Prisoners of Conscience? 

420 Scottish Arts Week. The 
book-making industry in 

520 PM: News magazine. 

550 Shipping. 55S 

620 News; Financial Report 

620 Counterpoint. Musical 
knowledge quiz. First 
round Heat 2 (s) 

7.00 News 

7.05 The Archers 

720 File on 4. 

Peter Davalle 

820 Sounds Like . . . JB 
Bateon, Patricia 
Gaflimore and Richard Pasco 
celebrate horses in 
verse, prose and music. 

820 The Tuesday Feature: t 
Had The Misery 
Thursday. Terence 
Pettigrew's profile of 
Montgomery Clift who died 
20 years ago. 

920 In Touch. For people with 
a visual handicap. 

920 Writers on Blue Paper. 

My Sister Rehan, by 
Mohammad Ruslan Bin. 

Read by Christine 

945 Scottish Arts Week: 

More Than Just Scenery. 

The Scottish film industry's 
state of health and its 
prospects for the future. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: The 
Third Policeman (7). 

Reader Patrick Magee (r) 

1020 The Worid Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1120 Today in Parliament 
12.00 News; Weather 1223 

VHF (available in England and 
SWaies only) as above 
except S^fi-OOam Weather 

Listening Comer. 1120- 
12.10am Open University: 
1120 Open Forum: University 
Magazine. 1150 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

655 Weather. 720 News 

7.0S Concert Saint-Saens 
(Phaeton). Chopin (Etude 
ior left hand. Op 10 No 3: 
Bolet, piano). Schumann 
(Zwei venetianische 
Ueder. etc: Sarah Walker, 
mezzo). Haydn 
(Symphony No 54). 8.00 

825 Handel (Vtofin Sonata m 
D : Holloway and 
Carol an, violin and 
harpsichord), Lambert 
(Rio Grande, with Ortiz. piano. 
andTem parley, mezzo), 
Nielsen (Aladdin suite). 920 

925 This Week's Composer 
Debussy. Fanfare 
d'ouverture. Lb roi Lear; 

piano.orcbestra (Arms 



1020 New York Philharmonic 
(under Bernstein), with 
Previn foano) and vacetiiano 
(trumpet). Shostakovich 
(Concerto for 
pi ano.try m pet strings) , 

Roy Harris (Symphony No 3) 
1045 Piano recital: Gordon 

Fergus-Thompson plays 
wonts by Rachmaninov 
(including Prelude in E 
fiat. Op & No 6), Schumann 

movement Variations on 
theme by Clara Wreck), 
Chopin and Scriabin 
1140 Pied Ripen David 

Munrow continues ras 
Westminster Abbey aeries(r) 
122Q Royal Liverpool 

Philharmonic (under 
Wordsworth), with Misha 
Dichter (pfano)..Part one. 
Rossini (Barber of Seville 
overture). Lord Berners 
(Fugue in C minor, etc), Liszt 
(Piano Concerto No 2). 

120 News 

1.05 Guitar Encores: Ian 
Davies (flamenco guitar) 
plays some of Ms own works 

1 2.10 Frank Mfflerthe ceflist in 
1 recordings of works 

including Saint-Saens s The 
Swan and the Brahms 
Double Concerto (with 
Mischa Mtecbakoff, 

320 English Recorder Musks 
Abingdon Consort in 
works by Lennox Berkeley 
(Allegro), Peter Racine 
Flicker. Britten (Scherzo), 
Rubbra. Tippett (Four 
inventions) and Imogen Holst 

400 Jennifer Smith and 

Susan Bradshaw: mezzo 
and piano recital. Songs by 
Wolf. Brahms and 
Strauss. 455 News 

520 Music for Pleasure: 

"Royal” music selection, 
presented by Fritz Spiegl 

620 Northern Madrigaiists: 
Consort of Muswke in 
works by Monteverdi. 

Schutz, Dering, Grabtoe 

and others 

7.05 Music for Bassoon, 

Ceto: Robert Codd and 
John Sente r. Jacob (Partita). 
Lutyens (Prelude end 
CapricdoL Mozart (Sonata to 
B flat K 292) 

720 Proms 86: part one. BBC 
Philharmonic (under 
' Bernhard Klee), with Edith 
Peinemann (viOKn). 

Berg's Violin Co ncerto 

755 Letter from Leiden: talk by 
Ken Gladdtsh. University 
of Reading 

8.15 Prams (continued): 
Bruckner's Symphony 
NO 9 

920 Los5:Barbara Lelgh-Hunt 
plays the widow in Carol 
Ann Duffy’s play 
1025 Erne norertnmshche 
Tragodie: Zemlmsky's 
one-act opera, sung in 
German. Albrecht 
conducts the Berlin RSO. 
Cast Soflei. Riegel. and 

11.05 Pensees Musicales: 

Marlene Fleet plays - 
Sigemond Thaiberg's 
Soirees de Pausilippfi 
11.57 News. 1220 Closedown. 
VHF variations: 

625 Open University. Untd 
6.55am. Modem art 
Breton and Trotsky. 

Radio 2 

On medium wave. See Radio i 
for VHF variations. 

News on the hour. Headlines 
5.30am, 620pm. 720 and 82a 
4.00am Charles Novb (s). 520 
Ray Moore (s). 720 Derek 
Jameson (s) 920 Ken Brace (s) 
11.00 Jimmy Young IS) 125pm 
Dawd Jacobs (s) 228 Gloria 
Hunnrforti (s) 320 David Hamilton 

(s) 5.05 Graeme Garden (s) 7.00 
Moira Stuart Presents...(s) 955 
Sports Desk 1020 The 
Impressionists. 1020 Sloe 
Coaches (Roy Kinnear and 
Andrew Sachs) 1120 Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight) 
1.00am Nlgtttrtde (s) 320-4.00 A 
Little Night Music (s). 

Radio 1 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on the half-hour 6.30am 
until 820pm then at 10.30 and 
1220 midnight. 

520am Adrian John 720 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 9.30 Andy 
Peebles 1120 Radio 1 
Roadshow from Morecambe 

1220pm Newsbeat (Ian 
' Parkinson) 1245 Gary Davtes (Top 
40 singles chart) 320 Steve 
Wngttt 5.30 Newsbeat (Ian 
Parkinson) 5.45 Bruno Brookes 
720 Janice Long 1020-12.00 John 
Peel (5). VHF RADIOS 182: 
400am As Radio 2. 10.00 As Radio 
1. 12.00-4. 00am As Radio 2. 


600 Newwtesk. &30 Counterpoint. 720 
.News. 729 Twenty Four Hours. 730 Ttvs 
Particular Place. 7.45 In the Cage. 820 
-News 829 Reltechons. 8.15 Japan 
Walks. 830 Aspects ol Uszt. 9.00 New. 
029 Review ol the British Press. S.TS 
worm Today. 930 Financial News. 930 
Look Ahead. 9.45 What's New. 1020 
News. 1021 Windows on the Universe. 
1120 News. 1129 News About Bntatii. 
11.15 Wavegutie. 1135 A Letter trom 
Scotland. 1130 Origins. 12.00 Radio 
Newsreel. 12.15 The CUennie Determina- 
tion 12.45 Sports Roundup. 120 News. 
1.09 Twenty Four Hours. 130 In the Cage. 

1.45 Recording of the Week. 220 Outlook. 

2.45 PMiD Jones Brass Ensemble. 320 
Radio Newsreel. 3.15 A Jolly Good Snow. 
4.00 News. 4.09 Commentary. 4.15 Omnl- 
txis.5.46 Sports Roundup. 7.4S Report on 
Reunion. 8.00 News. 829 Twenty-Four 
Hours. 830 Omnibus 920 News. 921 On 
the Box. 9.10 Book Choree. 9.15 Concert 
Halt. 1020 News. 10.09 World Today. 
1035 A Letter from Scotland. 1030 
Financial News. 1440 Reflections. 1045 
Sports Roundup. 11.00 News. 11.09 
Commentary 11,15 New Waves on Short- 
wave. 1130 Glema Determination. 1220 
News. 12.09 News About Britain. 12.15 
Rada Newsreel. 1230 Omnibus. 1.00 
News. 121 Outlook. 130 Report on 
Rehgtoa 125 Country Style. 220 News. 
229 Review 0< British Press. 2.15 Tenor 
and Baritone. 230 Mystery ol the Blue 
Tram. 3.00 News. 329 News About 
Bream. 3.15 World Today. A45 Reflec- 
tors 430 Financial News. 520 News. 
529 Twenty Four Hours. 5.45 World 

AN times In GMT 

the House 
at 12.15- 

BBC1 WALES 5J5pm-620 . . 

P P «J! mass Today. 635-720 inter'- 
national BasebaZ Wales v England 

10.15- 10.45 Sounds WBWfi The Band ol 
thewetshDuards. 1220 : l£ 0 Sam- 
News and weather. SCOTLAND S3Sam- 
10-20 CTV 1. 1030-1030 Dotaman. 

12. 45-1 20pm 'Decades. 835-720 Re- 
porting Scotland 11-35-i225am 
Three's Company. 1226-12.10 Weather 
' NORTHERN MELAND 53Spm-&40 , 

Today's Soon 5 j 4OG20 made Ulster. 
835-720 Roll Harris Cartoon TWa 
I2.00-I225ani News and weather EN- 
GLANO BJffipnv-720pm Regional 
news magazines. 


Champcns 1035 Adventures ol 
Rexy 1035 Glen roe 1120-11.30 Jack- 
sons 1230pn»-12D Gardening Time 
130 News 130-230 Man m a Suacasa 
330-420 Sons and Daughters 5.15- 
&4S EmmanlBle Fann 820-630 News 
and Scotland Today 820 Take the 
High Road 830 Duty Free 820-1020 
aSasheud Remind 1140 Law Call 
1135 Eiger 1245am Closedown. 

HTV WEST AsLonttona *' 

rn v weal eept 935am Sesame 
Street 1035 Unicom Teles 1060 
World of Stories 1125-1130 ffide 
130p<n News 130-230 The Baron 

5.15- &45 Me & My G>! 620-630 News 
830 Duty Free 920-10.00 
Bndeshead Revisited 11.40 Man Ina 
SUtcase 12.40am Closedown. 

HTV WALES *!prg- 

1035 Sesame Street UMpm-MO 
Wales at Sul 


TVS As London except: 938am ■ • 

. J-JL2 sesame Street 1 030 Jack HoL 
bom 1035 Cartoon 112O-T130 Cap- 
turn Scarlet 130pm News 130-230 ' 

. Country practice 5-154.45 Sons and 
Daughters 820 Coast to Coast 630445 
-Dummer: A Wedding m the Family 
830 Duty Freef20-1020 Bndesnead 
Revuutsd 11.40 Dudley Moore 
1225am Company. Cmtedown. 

CAC Starts 120pm Dancin' Days 

130 AteaZOC Ffalabatem 2.15 
interval 330 Sons of Abraham 330 
Englishman's Home 4.30 Bewitched 520 
Peppno 530 Moneyspmtier 820 Se- 
cret Place 830 Tour oe France 7.00 

1030 Film; 84-day Hem 1 2.15am 

HI CTf-R AS London except 
izhfr, : 938am Blockbusters 930 

Sesame Street 10-50 Under me 
Mountain 1130-1130 Cartoon 130pm 

Lunchtime 130-230 Chips 330-420 
□reams 5.15-528 Whose Baby? 620 
Summer Edition 8.10-630 Diary 
Dates 930 Duty Free 920-10.00 
Bndeshead Rewsitad 1120 1 Hear 
me Bbes 1235am News. 

ANGLIA ** London except: 
£!zHfc!£i92Sam Sesame Street 
1030 Cartoon 1035 Sen roe 1 120- 
1130 Once UponaTana . . . Man 
130 News 320-330 That's Hollywood 
5.15-5.45 Emmerdale Farm 620-630 
About Angtie 820 Me and My Goi 630 
Duty Free 920-1020 Bndesnead Re- 
visited 11.40 T J Hooker iZJSem Before 
the Wedding .Closedown. 

2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m:VHF-90- 
VHF 97.3; Capital: 1548k Hz/1 94m: VHF95.8; BBC Radio London: 

V7*IDir QI1IRP AS London «u- 


and me Wheeled Wamors 930 Run- 
rang High 1045 Short Story 1 125-1130 


R -u •SSowRte 920-10.00 Bndeshead 



Moore 12 -IOem Closedown Thvw 930 Once UptSff 

TSW Time. Man lOKSesame Street 1030 

• Scwiw SWBOl 1055 Captain Qhnn ^torv 11 15*11>3fl SnurtB 

Scarien&S O Maxt he , i!L90pm-ii)0 Gardoning Time 12 D News 

11 ^ Cg nneaK X^I 230pnH ^IJ-eave it 130^230 Famfly Theatre 5.15-5^5 
to Mrs O Bnen 130 news 130-230 Emmerdale Farm 620-620 Norm Tonight 

Han to Han 330420 Sons and Daugh- 830 Duty Free 

mrs 5 .G Gu s Ho gg l p un ^ 920-1020 Bndeshead Revisited 11.401 

1020 Bndeshead Reristed 1120 Astondmuw- 

^BotiMil- 45 Mim's best Friend GRANADA SSSToranada 

iiTsam ui«boowii. Reports 930 Sandwich Man 11 .00 

TYNE TEES Grarada Reports 11.05 About Britain 

1130-1200 Connectmns 130pm 

inSsSiJn! SJftoSennSePTBma Granada Repons 130 Afternoon Theatre 

2- 30 Grenada Reports 235 Family 
KEI 45 Mane,s Sfort Story 330-420 Sons 

^!^3s»l5oN««mmijte and Daugnters 5.15-5.45 Music Alive 

li2SffiS% s iS;’^sSS ea0 

Revisited 1120 1 Hear the Blues 1 buncasa 

1235 emSigns tor the Road. Oosadown. iMomn uoseaown. 

CENTRAL BORDER 935am Sesame^Street 

930 F4m: Limbo Line 1135-1 130 
Home Cookery 1230pm- 120 Gardening 
Tune 120 News 130-230 Afternoon 
Playhouse 5.15-545 Wlto s the Boss? 

620 Crossroads 625445 News 
830 Duty Free 920-1020 Bndeshead 
Reverted 11.40 1 Hear the Blues 
1226am Jobflnder 135 Ctosadown. 

1035SnagglepuES 1030 Rooostonf „ 
112D Once Upon a Time . . . Man 1 135- 
1130 Max the Mouse 130pm-130 
news 330420 Sons and Daughters 
5.15-645 Me 8 My Girt 620-8^)^ 
Lookeround 630 Duty Free 920-1020 
Bndeshead Revisited 12.10am 



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taught a 

painful lesson 

Not even all the backslap- 
ping could camouflage the 
American despondency as 
Greg Norman celebrated after 
capturing the 11 Sib Open 
Championship on Sunday. 

Ben Crenshaw and Tom 
Watson stood on the 
Tumberry Hotel verandah, 
after it was all over, gazing out 
to sea in the rough direction of 
home. They might have been 
wondering when another 
American will cross that great 
expanse and return with the 
title. Then they turned their 
backs on the Ailsa course and 
disappeared inside where the 
Fosters lager was already 

They were not privileged to 
be at a private party a few 
hours later when Norman and 
some dose friends sat in the 
18th green grandstand, 
watched only by a couple of 
security men and their Alsa- 
tian dogs, and shared a bottle 
of champagne as the midnight 
moonlight danced across the 
sea beyond. 

Crenshaw and Watson had 
shaken hands, of course, with 
the new champion and 
chorused “Well done, mate.” 
But it was not a “G’day” as far 
as the Americans were 

Norman had followed 
Severiano Ballesteros and 
Sandy Lyle on to the Open 
Championship roll call of 
honour and the exasperated 
cry of “What’s gone wrong 
with American goifT has 
become more than just a 
prickly jibe. 

In truth Jack Nicklaus and 
Raymond Floyd, with their 
respective triumphs in the US 
Masters and LIS Open earlier 
this year, have satisfied to 
some extent the insatiable 
appetite of American golf 
enthusiasts for success. Yet 
the search for a new hero has 
so far proved as unproductive 
as it would be to try to obtain 
an invitation to Westminster 
Abbey tomorrow. 

- The problem is that the 
young Americans are pro- 
grammed to play the mani- 
cured courses of their own 
country where theastonishing 
financial rewards have robbed 
them of the curiosity instinct 
required to develop their skills 
as Nicklaus and Watson did 
before them. Even Watson has 
become so bored with playing 

By Mitchell Platts 

the same courses that he 
changed his schedule this 
season in an attempt to restore 
his enthusiasm. 

Norman has always insisted 
that every golfer should play 
the world tour before concen- 
trating his efforts on the 
United States. He practiced 
what he preached by giving 
himself sufficient time in Eu- 
rope to gain a complete under- 
standing of bow to handle a 
variety of courses in differing 

“The European tour is ideal 
because one week you could 
be playing a bard, bouncing 
links then the next you have to 
adapt your game to a lush, 
parkland course,” said Nor- 
man. “It is. so important to get 
a feel for different grasses and 
different surfaces. 

Merit rise 

Gordon J Brand jumped 20 
places to third in the PGA 
European Tour Epson Order 
of Merit following Us perfor- 
mance at the Open. Hie 
Yorkshireman earned £50,000 
for finishing second to Nor* 
man at Tumberry and boosted 
his prize money for the season 
to £72,663. 

RANKINGS: 1, S Ballesteros (So), 
£172^202; 2, H Cterk (GB), E84)S87; 
3, G J Brand (GBL £72,663; 4, R 
Davis (AusL £64,550; 5, ( Woosnam 


£52,935; 8, N FakSo <G B), £51,631; 
9, R Rafferty (GBL £45416; 10, G 
Brand Jnr (GB), £434181. 

“The American golfers who 
come out of college go straight 
on to the manicured courses of 
the US Tour. There is so much 
money there that many of 
them dismiss the thought of 
playing in Europe let alone in 
the Open.” 

Norman, however, pos- 
sesses a flexibility within his 
game to not only win the Open 
but at the same time to be 
leading the money list in the 
United States this season 
where he has won two tbuma T 
ments and earned a record 
$547,000. : - 

“I want to become the first 
player to finish top of the 
money list in Australia; Eu T 
rope and America," he said. 
“I've set myself the goal of 
$750,000 for this season. I'm 
playing four tournaments in a 
row from next week, including 


Bagfulls of bull’s-eyes at Bisley 

By Our Rifle Shooting Correspondent 

Even the best was not good 
enough to win The Times 
Challenge Cup and £50 prize 
at Bisley yesterday as the 
1 ,200 competitors, shooting at 
300 yards, notched up bull's- 
eyes galore. 

There were 72 of them with 

every shot in the centre for a 
maximum 50, and in the first 
lie-breaker there were still 38 
with 50/25, so they will have 
to reshoot again on Thursday 

The 38 include former 
Queen's Prize winners, An- 
drew Tucker and David Rich- 

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aids, a former Northern 
Ireland Commonwealth 
Games competitor. Hazel 
Mackintosh and Mark 
Ruffolo, from Toronto, a 
member of the Canadian Ca- 
det Force team. 

Other winning contenders 
are petty officer Frances Kay, 
of the WRNS and Claudia 
PoIUnger, Old Epsomians. 

In the first of the extra tie- 
shoots from the weekend 
matches, Nigel Stan groom, 
who shoots for OGRE, the 
.fiercesome acronym of the 
Old Greshams,, shot a total of 
51 bull's-eyes before he took 
the Century Challenge Cup on 
the 29th shot of a sudden 
death finish with Sandra 
Hind, of the Old 
Nottinghamians, and Glyn 
Barnett, aged 15, from 

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But despite multiple ties of 
te first few competitions of 













the first few competitions of 
the Grand Aggregate, h was 
not all plain sailing. In some of 
the early details of the first 
1, 000-yard shoot, for the Cor- 
poration Trophy, the wind 
was twisting and turning- so 
much that people like John 
Bloomfield, last year’s 

8 ueen's Prize winner and 
ommonwealth Games 
marksman, were coming lack 
with 41 out of 50. 


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RESULTS: Admiral Hutton Tro- 
gj j JM gtt 1. (after lie) J 

Drew (Chatem) 50/25/25/4 x&3,F 
McDermott (A us) 50/25/24. Century 
Cup (500 yards): 1. (after tie) N 

cup (500 yards): 1. (after tie) M 
Starmroom (OGRE) 24/25/15/29 x 
ft S Hind (0 Nottingham) 
24/25/15/28 x 5; 3, G Barnett 
(Gresham s) 24/25/15/5 x 5. 
Alexandra Trophy (600 yards): 9 
tied with 50/25. to be reshot Duke 


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and elsewhere 

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166 Newport Road, Cardiff CF2 1DL 


Pugstey (Pasta RC) 150; 2, Fflght 
Lieutenant D Calvert (RAF) 149: 3, 
M Wong Shui (Can) 149. Po&ce Rifle 
Gold Kedah l.HWT Matthews 
(Thames Valley) 99; 2. R B White 
(Met) 98; 3, A C Barrel (West Mercia) 
97. SBieuettes Cup (Pfstol): 1. S 
Smith (BPC) 285: 2. D GJaister (W 
Yorks Police) 283; 3, P J Wateha* 
(Army TSC) 277. WT Aggregate 
bn1,R ftorttover (8^)1173; 2 
M Cutler (Maidenhead) 1162; 3 D 
Ward (Reme) 1 1 61 . Standard Pbtofc 
1, D Levene (Wembley) 573: 2, 
WalshawSSI: 3. A Sutton (Box) 559. 
Sunday Agg reg a te: 1. C W A 
CunringtiamfOOTA), 149: 2, A St G 
Tucker (Twickenham), 148; 3, P h 
D rew (Chfltem) 148. Steward Cup: 
-1, Wandsworth, 583; 2. Pesca RC, 
582: 3, Nottingham Veterans, 581. 

n Tetograph Cup (Tie-Shoot); 1, 
Killian JN London). 
50/25/50/1 5/7x5; iCW Ho8fe 
(Barclays Bank). 50/25/50/15/6x5; 
\ d P S Bloonrfieid (N London). 


Americans are 


the US PGA Championship. 
Then Til come back here for 
the European Open, DunhiH 
Cup and the Suntory worid 
match-play championship.” 

Norman has never wasted 
much time thinking about his 
own financial security. He has 
been driven on more by the 
desire to become the best 
golfer in the worid. 

“I always wanted to be a 
superstar and my ambition is 
to be the No 1 golfer in the 
worid,” he said. “My feeling is 
that my best years wifi come 
when I'm around the age of 
35, so winning the Open at 31 
is extremely encouraging. 

“Some people thought my 
first major championship was 
a little long in arriving but I 
can honestly say that it had 
not become a psychological 
barrier for me. But I was 
helped in particular when Jack 
Nicklaus came over to my 
table for a quiet chat on 
Saturday evening and said, 
•There is nobody in the world 
who wants you to win this 
championship more than 1 
do.' Coming from that man it 
was a very special thing for me 
to hear those words.” 

Norman, however, kept 
control of his emotions 
throughout a final round of 69 
so that with a level par 
aggregate of 280 he became the 
first Australian to win the 
Open Championship since Pe- 
ter Thomson took the title for 
a fifth time in 1965. 

Gordon J Brand seized the 
second prize of £50,000 with 
the help of an eagle three at the 
1 7th which carried him to a 71 
for 285 — one ahead of Ian 
Woosnam (72) and Bernhard 
Langer (68). In fad the first 
five home — Nick Faldo 
finished fifth after a closing 70 
— are al) (noducts of the 
European Tour and there were 
only two Americans in the top 
13 compared with 10 in the 
first 1 1 when the Open was 
last held at Tumberry in 1 977. 

Times have changed and so 
they have for Gres Norman. 
He might have failed after 
leading going into the final 
round ofboth the US Masters 
and the US Open this year. 
But the piranhas of the golfing 
world can now stop snapping 
at the man they call the “Great 
White Shark.” He landed the 
title of Lord of the Links in the 
style of a true champion. 

- Bliasr. 3SR&iK .ATTBL .aKfe. 

The eyes have it Hinault, right, and LeMond pun ching the pedals daring their breakaway riimh of the Alpe d’Hnezpass 



are on 
the right 

Britain knocked 
out by Denmark 

By Pat Botcher 
Athletics Coirepondent 

Much of the inaugural 
worid junior championships 
here in the magnificent Olym- 
pic Stadium in Athens was a 
confirmation of the status quo 
in the sport internationally. 
But the excitement came in 
the revelation. 

The young Soviet men and 
East German women contin- 
ued the overall success of their 
seniors by winning most med- 
als. The American men won 
the sprints, the African men 
won the distance events and a 
Briton won . the 800 metres. 
But three gold and three silver 
medals became more impor- 
tant than any of the 100 or so 
runners, for they were won by 
young African women. 

Nawal El Moutowakel be- 
came the first indigenous Afri- 
can woman to win an Olympic 
gold medal, in Los Angeles in 
1984, but her victory in the 
400-metres hurdles was due to 
the boycott by the East Ger 
mans, whpse athletes were 
much better than the Moroc- 
can in that event. That was not 
the case here in Athens, with 
148 countries, one of the 
broadest representations ever 
at any spotting event. 

If Maury Onyali had not been 
disqualified in the 100 metres, 
she and her Nigerian team- 
mates would have won the 
gold and silver medals in both 
sprints. And Selina Chircir. of 
Kenya, was the big success of 
the women’s middle-distance 
races, winning gold and silver 
medals, while her compatriot 
Norah’Maraga also won silver 
in. the 10.000 metres. 

- Individually, the best per- 
formances came from Vladi- 
mir Sasimovic, of the Soviet 
Union, who threw the new 
javelin 78.84 metres, while 
Colin Jackson's 13.44 sec vic- 
tory in the high hurdles was 
the best single track feat. Peter 
Chumba won special acclaim 
as the only athlete with two 
individual victories, in the 
5,000 and 10,000 metres. 

The overall British perfor 
mance was as convincing as it 
had been in last year's Europe- 
an junior championships. 
British athletes won three 
gold, three silver and two 
bronze medals here, but it is 
significant that only one 
young woman managed to do 
so — Philippa Mason, with a 
silver in the 3,000 metres. On 
the European breakdown the 
British men did particularly 
well on an overall basis of 
eight points for first place 
down to one for eighth, finish- 
ing second only to the Soviet 
Union on that score. 

The rapport that the Euro- 

Britain, seeded sixth, were 
defeated by Denmark in the 
first round of the NEC Federa- 
tion Cup here at the new 
Stvanice Stadium when Anne 
Hobbs lost 3-6, 7-5, 6-3 to 
Lone Vandborg, and Jo Dune 
went down 6-3, 6-1 to Tine 

So. in the space of four days, 
Britain's tennis players have 
managed to win just one iive* 
set while competing at home 
on grass in the Davis Cup, and 
abroad on clay in the leading 
women's team competition. If 
British tennis has suffered a 
double blow of more humiliat- 
ing proportions in such a short 
space of time, I cannot re- 
member it 

The defeat here on a beauti- 
ful summer’s day in Prague 
was even less excusable than 
the men's efforts against Aus- 
tralia at Wimbledon. Den- 
mark has only once got as far 
as the quarter-final of the 
Federation Cup in 17 at- 
tempts, and Miss Vandborg is 
ranked 288 places below Miss 
Hobbs on the WTA computer. 

Even when Miss Hobbs 
failed to maintain a bright 
start, losing the second set 
after fighting back from 04 to 
54, Miss Durie should really 
have been able to force the 
Danes into the deciding dou- 
bles by beating Miss Scheuer- 

Miss Durie, however, was 
in one of her most exasperat- 

From Richard Evans* Prague 

d sixth, were ing. and listless moods. Time 
nmark in the and again she squandered 
;NECFedera- good work with clumsy fore- 
at the new hands that sailed yards behind 
rn when Anne the baseline, and in three 
7-5, 6-3 to consecutive service games she 
, and Jo Durie double-faulted at crucial mo- 
, 6-1 to Tine ments. Clay might not be her 
best surface, but this . was 
£ of four days, ridiculous, 
players have Miss Hobbs's demise was 
just one 'live* equally inexplicable. Her op- 
ting at home ponent had only managed to 
la vis Cup, and qualify for one of four touroa- 
in the l eading mems' on this year’s British 
©repetition. If satellite circuit, and then lost 
ins suffered a in the first round. At 24, Miss, 
lore humiliat- Vandborg can hardly be tout- 
in such a short ed as a budding star of 
I cannot re- tomorrow, possessing as she 
. . does an ordinary sort of game 

e on a beauti- with a big. exaggerated 
ay in Prague forehand. 

■reusable than . Wisely, her team-mates had 
s against Aus- not even told her that Miss 
iledon. Den- Hobbs had defeated Zina 
nee got as far Garrison, the world’s Np 8 at 
■final of the Wimbledon. But both Danish 
j in 17 al- girls deserved their success 
s Vandborg is because they battled hard and i 
s below Miss used their knowledge of day-* 
rA computer, court tennis to foil advantage. 
Miss Hobbs At least Sue Mappin, the 
aio a bright British team manager, spared 
s second set a thought for the folks back 
•k from 04 to home. “The British public will 
should re ally probably think we lost to a 
to force the second-class tennis nation,” 
Jedding dou- she said idly, “and they will be 
riiss Scheuer- right Last year it was Bulgaria 
and now this. The only thing I 
rowever, was can say is that we are as sick as 
jst exasperat- they will be.” 

scales the 
Alps with 

From John WDcockson 
• AlpedUoez 

With a symbolic linking of 
aipis, Greg LeMond in the 
yellow jersey and hi* French 
team colleague, Bernard 
Hinault, crossed the finishing, 
line of yesterday^ 18th stage 
after the two best riders in this 
Tour de France had demon- 
strated their talents in a joint 
breakaway of more than 70 
miles. ■ 

This was the most spectacu- 
lar stage of the race, crossing 
the Gaiibier mid Croix de Per 
passes in view of countless 
alpine peaks resplendent ‘ in 
their canopies of snow on 
another brilliantly sunny day. 
It was a perfect setting For 


He took tiie race by the 
scruff of its heck on the 
slaloming descent : of the 
Gaiibier in an attack with his 
Canadian team mate Steve 
Bauer.They were joined by 
LeMond, who was shadowing 
Urs Ziramermann, the Swiss 

By David MSler 

In the first athletics evert of 
the Commonwealth Games, 
foe Veterans’ Fmanrial Stee- 
p fedja se, Mr Robert Maxwell 
big entry and in fact foe 
only enthusiastic runner 
.is convinced therefore thathe 
is sure of some glory -setoff - 

at a Cast pace. It w as' soon 
evident yesterday, howmr, : 

that his pre-race . phMk ft p. J 

Mmpflton had over-estimated 
his fitness, for aftar tebauring 
over the first two hanDes be , I 
came a cropper at the water i 
jump; otherwise known as - a: ; 

Press conference. • , 

Mr Maxwell likes to beKev* 
that many of his ventures, a** I 

■in the interest of the Great if 

British PnbHc,-wift Mm more 
British (*«" any of them. His 
quotes at the starting fine, $$ 
the new, saviour chairman of 
the Scottish Commonweahh: 
Games Company Limited,' 
were foil of ndwnd^ 

0P SS^Siaif of foe .Gams, ^ >. 
Edinburgh, ikotfand. Great ^ 

Britain, indeed the whole; 
globe, he wanted those of as 
with foe pens .to slop writing ^ 

about boycotts .uadi coacote ' 

trate on contestants (so I am). 

Urn Games will go forward, he 
cried, and. he is going!* se& 

£2 minion ■cora p eMa fo refopre- * 

those countries .who haw . 
ly moved, ho said, on arririog. 
at Meadowfaank by the degree, 
of organization (many pexcep- . 
tive Scottish journalists Jaw®; 
been so equally moved by-lt . ^ 
they have been conqdaBiiig, - 
publicly about it for three 
years without anyone taking - 
notice). And he had formed * 
Scottish Media Cwmmftee (by ^ 

which I . suppose be hopes tq£.; 
get Scottish editors on to Mr - 
side). Theappeal fond, dfth l : 

£100,000 prize, was gang . /. 
wefi, he asserted. 

It war all as beart-resdiiig r " 

as King Harry’s exhortation j* 

on the eve of Agmcoiar^ -lmt 
there were too many flaws fa - 
his rhetoric. Had he not said ' r 
on Friday “there was no 'j- 


24 seconds behind the Ameri- 
can. Also there was Pello 

Ruiz-Cabestany, tiie Spaniard 
who won the fourth stage two 

Castle in another defeat 

Andrew Castle discovered 
that his new-found reputation 
counted for little on the 
opening day of the Prudential 
County Cup at Eastbourne 

Castle, still recovering from 
his traumatic Davis Cup de- 
but against Australia at Wim- 
bledon last weekend, turned 
out for Somerset in Group 1 of 
the competition, but was pow- 
erless to prevent the holders 
Essex from cruising to a 
comfortable win in their best 
of nine doubles contest. 

Castle and his partner Paul 
French won their opening 

rubber, but then went down to 
the useful blend of youth and 
experience offered by the Es- 
sex second pair of David 
-Lloyd and Stephen Botfidd. 

Essex still hope to have 
John Lloyd available to rein- 
force their team before the end 
of the week. Lloyd had more 
treatment on bis injured 
shoulder yesterday morning. 

In the Ladies competition, 
holders Surrey made an im- 
ressive start, eclipsing Kent 

MENT: Grayctoa: Hart (hair P Hand bt P 
Ssetron &4. 7-& Woman** Boat N Lusty M C 
Trocan 6-1: 6-7. Cmbroak Cntta: Man's 
ttoafc H McGinsss bt P Coyto M.7-5. rettrad. 
Woman's feafc S Can&aiW G Rtek W. 6-1.1 


ruled out 

pean juniors comm uni cal ed 
so well to the crowds in the 
tiny stadium of Cottbus last 
year was somewhat dissipated 
in the grandiose surroundings 
of the Olympic Stadium. But 
that is barely a criticism. The 
Greeks earned off this first 
world j unior championship as 
well as they did the European 
senior event four years ago. 
And it is all good practice for 
the centenary Olympic 
Games, which will doubtless 
be awarded to Athens in 1996. 
That is, if there is still an 
Olympic movement by then. 

Andreas Papandreou, the 
Greek prime minister, has 
recendy proposed to the Unit- 
ed Nations that an Olympic 
truce, as was observed during 
the ancient Olympic Games, 
be introduced for the duration 
of the modern evenL It is a 
feint hope. 

John Emburey, the Middle- 
sex off spinner, is out of 
England's team for the first 
Corah ill Test against New 
Zealand at Lord's on Thurs- 

day after breaking bis nose 
during a John Flayer Special 
League match at Derby on 
Sunday. Emburey was taken 
to Derbyshire Royal Infirma- 
ry for X-rays after deflecting a 
toll from Alan Warner into 

bis face. He later returned, his 
broken nose having been re- 
set and kepi in place with a 
plaster, but after seeing a 
specialist yesterday it was 
decided that he would have an 

operation tomorrow. 

who won the fourth stage two 
weeks ago. 

On a hairpin bend Zimmer- 
mann almost crashed, losing 
50 yards and dropping back to 
a group of 11 chasers. They 
included fourth placed Robert 
Millar, who was having prob- 
lems with his breathing. He 
explained: “I have a throat 
infection and I had no 

Millar had sprinted to take 
fourth (dace on the Gaiibier 
but at the next climb, after 50 
miles, was left behind. He had 
lost almost -20^ minutes by the 
finish; dropped four places 
overall and lost his leadership 
of the King 'of die Mountains 

Up front, Hinault and 
LeMond got rid of Bauer and 
Ruiz-Cabestany. Sharing the 
pace, they rode together .for 
the remaining 5 1 miles, know- 
ing they were assuring them- 
selves of ' first and second 
places overalL 

Zimmennann broke clear of 
his group approaching the 
steepest part of the Croix de 
Fer climb, and had closed the 
gap 2 mins and 50 seconds by 
the crowd-packed crest Bnt he 
lost time on the long descent 
and was almost five minutes 
behind by the final and most 
difficult ascent of the tour, the 
infamous Alpe d’Huezi He 
continued lo lose time to the 
two, by now. La Vie Claire 

Another eight riders’ left foe 
race yesterday including Petra 
Delgado, fifth overnight, who 

was dropped with Millar, and 
retired. His 59-year bid broth- 
er had died suddenly the 
previous night and although 
his family urged him to con- 
tinue, the Spaniard did not 
have the enthusiasm. 

RESULTS Stage 18, ftfeRcon to 

Alpe tfHueTtfSi mites). Xb 
5hr 3mfei 3sec; 2, G 
_ . fc same time; 3, U 

Zimmennann (Swi), at-5nwi ISsecr 
4. R Montoya (Col), at &Q6; 5, Y 
MatfoURl at 421: 6. A Hamnsfen 

Roe’s return 

Alison Roc, of New Zea- 
land, the former worid record 
holder who has been sidelined 
because of injury for the past 
three years, made a successful 
comeback in the San Francis- 
co marathon, docking a re- 
spectable 2hr 43min 38sec. 
The winner was Pete 
Pfftziuger, of the United 
States, in 2:13:29 while the 
women’s race was won by 
Maria Trujillo, a Mexican 
now living in California, in 
2:37:30. . 

Emburey: broken nose 

Aouita coup 

Said Aouita, the Moroccan 
Olympic 5,000 metres, cham- 
pion and world record holder 
at 1,500 and 5,000 metres, is 
the top attraction in the 
International Athletes’ Club 
Grand Prix meeting at Crystal 
Palace on August 8. Aouita, 
who will be making his first 
appearance in Britain this year 
at the IAC meeting, has agreed 
to compete in either the mile 
or 3,000 metres. 

shortfall” in the financed the 
Gomes? Yet now be n** 
stating that some uncontracted 
sponsors were palling oak. He 
would not say how many, re to 
what value. It wasjforfbrirta- 
tion 1 have received over foe 
weekend”. He conld not say- 
how man y new sponsors : 
had been able to bnng fa smcx 
his intervention, ST any- He 
claimed to have £1 miftin n na 
account at the bank. . v . 

I kuownf no legal assurance 
thathe can recover the£2nfl- 
lion in compenforioq-freni the 
boycotting nations* : bit he 
grapdly assured everyone: “L 
am the man responsible.? Nor 
does he appear to have consid- 
ered that Nigeria's hhlfatteal 
rescheduling of their foreign 
debt makes It unfikHy titey 
would cough up thefr sfcan af 
.any loss. “A drop lu lbe 
ocean.” Mir Maxwefl says 

. He does red; notice foe 
fundamental contradiction; in - . 
his assertion that he wfll 
part of the deficit bffl toJHwT 7 
Thatcher and, in ttte flext 
breath and hanumringhfa^st 
on foe table* that he' refosesto 
have anything to do with Mrs 
Th a tcher because the Games 
are not hers but Scotlanifs 
“and the athletes’.” . ; 

I hope that Mr Mbfoneffs 
interest in the Games wiQ not 
become pnq>rietonahtiteMfr’ 
for Croup, for example boy? 
mg the vacant adverfisiag on : 
tbe eJectronlc scoreboards. : t 

On a day when Seydefles, 
Cyprus and Sri Lanka' Jmned 
tbe boycott, the ' masoamni 
nations that can now taKopitt 
being 3l.evenifmoreoAfoptfo: 
tore may take part foaa - : fa 
Brisbane, the nod nemris 
that Cardiff the bosteo£jf£58, 
are bravely pntting-titetename J . 
forward ‘again to be ~ 
1994 LThey have foe supported - 
Je City Copncii, foe Wafts ^ 

Tonnst Board, the. Sports ^ 
Comidl for Wairehnd Sonfli • 
damoi^an .County Cmmcd. 
The decision is due to be madp . 
m 1988 during tbefllmfk ' 
Gimes, and. I only wish that 
the Commonw ealth - Games 
Federation would Have' foe 
to decide ' during titeitexf 
fro week & that anyooe wha 
failed to torn up in. Andihod . . 
hi 1990 for pniiHfi rateofo . 
would be barred fromCanffit : 
The political- lottezr befog 
-Pjayal with these and with all - 
-moes most be ended. . . 

hj/ t 


teas Vf • 5 “3 


j " ■“ u-.c» 

-»■ v33C 

***% jr 

^ ser.-ce. 

^| er trains 

- -“oj 
• -ja; 

■Hs" safety 




Malaria scare denied 

• ; -t'i'. 

Final surprise 

Austria will play France in 
the European A zone final of 
the Davis Dip tennis tourna- 
ment after their unexpected 3- 
2 victory against Romania in 
the semi-final yesterday. 

in Edinburgh 

Edinbtogh Reuter) 

lore were standing ijy yestPT' 

day. to treat two Malawjan •. * 

competitors injhe Gammon* . 

■ ^-41 
! '4SC 

* *** lit 

we are on the look-outfor ** r 

more cases.Itis- the ’people 
who come from hot African k 
dunates who are at risk. The r 
disease- is endenjic ;in -their "... - 

blooq and ourjxrider clirbaleSrr 
tend to make it flare up-^ i\. *’■ . ^ 

The first case was admitted ^ 

o Edinburgh's City Fever A -Ji 
Hospital last Monday afierie .. y |- =c— . 

feUillondhe fi^ghtto Scotland. R. ^ ; r ? *- 

The .acondpatienf .htef boen 
confe»d tb bed -vrift „ *^g**v. 

fever Vm • the vilfege' - ■ * *!.■> 1 


I.. '** *. 


v>i v 

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