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ByRkiranfEraitt, Political Correspoadeat 

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v •• 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher last 
night, flatly rejected the main 
conclusions of a Commons 
inquiry", into' the Westland 
affair which censured five lop 
civil servants, inducting two 
of her most senior Downing 
Street aides, for their role in 
the “disreputable . and 
improper" leaking of a confi- 
dential letter written by the 
Solicitor-GeneraL - 
She also dismissed criti- 
cism, contained jo' the 'unani- 
mous report .from the Select 
Committee on Defence, 
aimed at Sir. Robert Arm- 
strong.- Cabinet Secretary and 
head of the Home Civil Ser- 
vice. who carried, out the 
official .inquiry , into the leak 
last January. 

But in spite of repeating 
four times, during Commons 
questions ho* total Confidence 
in the named officials, she 
suffered an embarrassingly ■ 
uncomfortable grilling .led by 
Mr Neil Kinnock,foe Labour 
leader, during -which she re- 
fused to answer whether she 
accepted -ministerial responsi- 
Ml h yfor h trtfBctthaiMgip : 
actions. - ••■■■ 

'The MPs’ report was scath- , 
ing in its remarks about the 
behaviour of Mr' Bernard 
Ingram; press secretary to Mrs 
Thatcher, rand Mr. Charles 
Povy^t one of her. private 
secretaries; who were the cen- . 
traI,(3»aracters-invo(vcd in the. 
decision roteak aletler written 
by .{& Patrick Mayhew during 
the . Westland 

sa^eamer'this year. 

h alsQ. criticizes to a lesser 
extC&three senior Civil Ser- 
van&ftSrt tfic P epa r W teM ^ Of" 
Trad? and ' Industry; -Miss 
Cc*efie ^»ve. director of in- 
Mr John M 
secretary to 


State, and. Mr John MkhdL, * 
an iinder-secituiy, for their 
involvement; and expresses 
.amarerhenrttat'no disciptin^ 
aty action ! fibs' been taken : 
against any .of the five. • 

Tte' letter, accused . ’Nfr 
Heseltine of “ material.- 
inaccuracies” in his jraWc 
assessment of the effect of a 
takeover of Westland by: the 
American-led Sikorsky group 

Armstrong defended . 2 
Report detaHs • ... 4,5 
Geoffrey Smxtfi • .5 
Parliament . • V : fr 

Leading article '• -137 

rather than by die' European ' 
consortiom'-fovoured by the 
then Secretary of State for 

The Conservative-dominat- 
ed committee accuses Sir Rob- 
ert of failing to set a proper 
exam(rie or provide a clear 
lead as head of the Horae Civil 
Service during the affair, and 
criticizes the way he carried 
out the .official leak inquiry. 

- accepted the . 

Prime ■ fSibistcr’s assurance 
that shewas not aware of Mr 
In^iamV^d Mr. Powell’s 
mvohoncDtiB the leak. ' 
Hosarver- itey say her ex-, 
pianariononwhythe infoeno- 
rion contained in the Tetter 
needed to- be -made public 
“took^Saisy, tosay the least” 
When questioned by MPs 
duriag^rimerMhustefS ques- 
tion time yesterday, Mrs 
Thaidier readnearef^fiy pre- 
statement sayiqg The- 
verament would respond 
t o dm re pei rt i n due course 

She added: “I would like to 
make two comments dear 
straight away. First foe Secre- 
tary of State for Trade and 
Industry and I taye total 

confidence in our . officials 
referred to in the report As 
the House will be aware those 
; responsiblefordccisioeson 
disciplinary action : have al- 
ready concluded that there 
was no casefor such action. 

‘ i 'Second. I do not accept the 
committee’s comments on foe 
role of foe head of foe Home 
Civil Service (Sir Robert Arm- 
strong). He continues m en} 
the Government’s total con 
deuce. He . is a very distin- 
guished public servant who 
has performedgreai service to 
governments of both parties." 

In • .spite' of repeated at- 
tempts fay: Mr KMnock and 
other Opposition MPs to get 
MrsThatcher to accept minis- 
terial - responsibility for her 
aides’ actions, "foe. bluntly 
refused to expand on her 
initial remarks and, repeated 
them, word for wont three 
more times. 

Her repetitive reply led Mr 
Kionock to say it was difficult 
to escape the feeling the Prime 
Mintsler was seeking to hide 
behind her officials: “If that is 
the case foe is in great danger 
ofherself attracting the repo- 
tation of being disreputable 
and improper. • 

Still Mrs Thatcher Refused 
to be drawn further, and with 
the Commons adjouming for 
the summer recess today, she 
was clearly hoping her stone- 
walling performance would, 
combined with th&Jong sum- 
mer break, -head off foe con- 
troversy which has already 
bitterly damaged her. 

- But' bit night one senior 
member of foe Select Com- 
mittee on Defence insisted 
that her evasive performance 
meant the Prime Minister had 
nailed herself to the conduct 
. Continued on page 2, col 4 



z \ 

in- ' 

On wi^the 
competition: tfee 
opening heat&of 
the Commonwejdft 
Games in 
Edinbuigh ' ' 

BylfofH^Wel^jChkf Po^Scal Conespondent . 

Won outright yesterday 


• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today, 
prize money will be 
£12,000 -the weekly 
fa,000 plus the daily 

• Fortfofio list; page . 
21; rules and how to 
play, information . 
service, page 16. 

Two killed in 
US jet crash 

Tjvo US. airmen were killed 
yesterday when their jet 
crashed into the sea during an 
air show, missing a crowded 
holiday beach by yards. Die 
Phantom jet from foe US base 
at . Alconbury, Cambridge- 
shire, was giving a display at 
RAF Brawdy. near Haverford- 
west, west Wales, when it 
plufoied into St Bride’s Bay. 

French arrests 

French security police have 
arrested four suspected mem- 
bers of the Irish National 
Liberation Army, one of them 
an IN LA leader who escaped 
front the Maze prison 10 years 
ago, official sources said. 

£430m loss 

British Shipbuilders resul — 
in a book loss of £248 million. 
Die siatti corporation-suffered 
aq overall loss of £430 million 
in W85-86 Page 17 

HwiNeiw. 2-S 
Orem 74 

S M,19 
Arts. IS 

a*rriag» - 14 
Business 17-22 
Cbordi 14 

Co«ti Ml 

DtaO 12 

Features AMI 

Im* Report 
Letters . 

Opott 37-32 
Theatres, etc 31 
TV £R*ti» 31 
Weather 16 
tMlk 14 

'< * ' t > ■ 




The Prime Minister last 
nudn attempted to lift the 
6f Conservative 'MPs 
a speech (n which foe 

foe Conservative Party 

-pkofliog mr^ tbe next 

In her endrof^etm address 
to the backbench IM2 Com- 
mittee. Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher'S message was that 
foe party, should attempt to 
put the difficulties of the past 
year, which she admitted tad 
been tough, behind it and to. 
look towards and beyond foe- 
next Parliament. 

• But she pleased MPs by 
telling them not to expect a 
general election “veiy soon”. . 
%in a defiant performance 
aror the publication earlier in 
foe day of the Westland 
report, Mrs Thatcher told 
backbenchers: "We are, plan- 
ning for the next Parliament 
arid up to the millenium. We: 
are not running out of ideas." 

She said that foe Conserve, 
tive Party was the .“architects 
and builders of the future". It 
had the relevant policies but it 
needed to reinvigorate them. 
“Success es a dynamic thing, 
we should never stand stilL" 

III what- Was described later 
as 4 good humoured and up- 
'be4t“ performance, Mrs 
Thatcher said her 
Government’s response to the 
“mid-term Niies” would not 
be to change its policies. 

She herself raised the West- 
land affair saying that in the 
contro versy at- foe turn of the 
year the Tories had lost the 
virtue of unity. “The elector- 
ate expect unity in the Tory 
Party. They do not expea it in 
the Labour Party," 

Mrs Thatcher told the pri- 
vate meeting attended by 
about 200 MPs that the Con- 
servatives bad a remarkable 
record nut they had not been 
getting their achievements on 
inflation, personal ownership 
and hqspital building across. 

' She asserted that the Gov- 
ernment bad won the argu- 
ment on the South Africa issue 
b&t'shf said that she was 
convinced -that the Common- 
wealth would hold together. 

_ Mrs Thatcher said that the 
next election -would be fought 
on the issues of defence, law 
and order, sound money and 
the encouragement of enter- 
prise and freedom of choice. 

“When you. look at the 
record, our new ideas, our 
preparations and the unity of 
the party we are entitled to be 
confident and optimistic. I 
believe passionately that we 
are going to -win the general 

The Prime Minister dis- 
closed to her MPs that as part 
of the policy to look towards 
foe end of the century, 11 
policy groups were being set 
op wifoin the 'party to be 
headed -by a Cabinet minister 
and composed of backbench- 
ers and representatives from 
industry, commerce and the 

The issues to be covered 
will include rural affairs, edu- 
cation and training. 

The Duke of Edinb 

urgh waving to foe crowds before opening the Commonwealth 
Edinburgh yesterday (Photograph; Ian Stewart). 

Gaines in 

60 arrests 
in surprise 
drugs raid 

• The police arrested more 
than 60 people in drag raids in 
Brixton, south-east London, 
and Handsworth, in Birming- 
ham, yesterday. 

In the afternoon, ding squad 
officers raided the Afro-Carib- 
bean Onb in *a»hnn Road, 
Brixton, south-east London, 
and made more than 50 ar- 
rests. Twelve people were also 
arrested h LazeUs Road, 
Handsworth. Both areas were 
the scenes of riots last year. 

Scotland Yard said that foe 
Brixton operation, codenamed 
“Condor", had been planned 
far some weeks as “community 
concern over criminal activity, 
n the nejfkboarhood 

; £!****»«* nd plain- 
cktthed«4fficexs entered foe 
club from foe nearby : raflway 
line mtoer a «mNd|i 
order. / . -I 

Earfier, West Midlands po- 
lice -arrested 12 people and 
seized drags ia simultaneous 
raids on three mgmises m foe 
LoarDi Read in Rndswarfo, 

In Brixton, community lead- 
ers were telephoned by the 
pofiice within 30 minutes of the 
raided warn them of foe action 
in iSe hope , of queuing any 
readlBa by residents.’ 

The operation was headed 
by OHamander Gordon Lloyd 
of Brixton police. 

The West Midlands police 
said that foe Handsworth area 
remained qniet after the raids 
on the Acapulco Cafe, Su- 
preme Taxis and WflKam Hill 
bookmakers, which are adja- 
cent premises opposite foe 
Vflb Cross public house in 

Officers carrying search 
warrants had found substan- 
tial quantities of cannabis and 
other cootrofled substances in 
yesterday’s operation, the po- 
lice said. 

Roads were closed in foe 
immediate area Tor 30 min- 

Alliance launches 
its policy ‘bible’ 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

The Alliance parties have 
backed away from demanding 
a change in the voting system 
before making a pact with a 
Conservative. or Labour Gov- 
ernment in the.eventofa hung 
Parliament at the next 

The Alliance’s “bible", 
launched yesterday by foe 
party leaders, tones down foe 
previous pre-condition of a 
promise of a proportional 
representation system. 

A commitment to bring in 
PR would only be “a major 
consideration", together with 
agreement on foe need to take 
action for economic, recovery, 
according to the parties’ blue- 
print “Partnership for 

The consultative paper is 
the result of 12 months’ work 
by Liberal and Social -Demo- 
cratic Party policy makers, 
following, a demand from 
supporters to “sharpen up its 
identity”. They hope it will 
help mend the parties' divi- 
sions before they start, to sell 
foerr joint manifesto to the 
public next January. 

It contains signs of a softer 
line on controlling pay rises 
and nuclear energy. The de- 
fence chapter, which does not 
cover foe Polaris issue, was 
officially leaked last week to 

avoid further speculation on 
its contents. 

Mr David Steel, liberal 
leader, said: “The document is 
not a manifesto. It establishes 
that the two parties are talking 
the same language. It is foe 
Alliance's bible. 

“It is very difficult to imag- 
ine that either foe Conserva- 
tive or Labour parties could 
possibly produce a similar 
document with agreement on 
long-term aims. This is a 
major achievement" 

Dr David Owen, SDP lead- 
er. said: “This policy docu- 
ment is foe first essential 
building block in the 
Alliance’s programme . for 
Government Its good sense 
arid underlying strength win 
come through to the public." 

The 25,000-word document 
goes to the Alliance 
candidates’ conference tomor- 
row and to foe two annual 
party conferences in Septem- 
ber. Other bodies, including 
the TUC arid CBI. will be 
-asked to comment It will be 
“firmed up" before going to a 
joint conference in January. 

A publicity campaign will 
then be launched to put across 
the Alliance message. 

Each year, foe document 
says, the Alliance will publish 
Continued on page 16, cof 7 

Islands’ ministers quit 
after being found Tinfit’ 

The three ministers in foe 
Turks and Caicos islands, the 
tiny British dependency in the 
Caribbean, resigned from of- 
fice yesterday, the Foreign and 

Commonwealth, office an- 
nounced in London (Rodney 
Cowton writes). 

Their resignations followed 
an investigation set up by foe 
Foreign Office and conducted 
by Mr Louis Blom-Cooper, 
QC. which it is understood 

found them “unfit to exercise 
ministerial responsibilities” 

The Foreign Office said an 
Order in Council had been 
promulgated which would re- 
place foe executive council, of 
which foe three ministers were 
members, with an advisory 

This is not seen as constitut- 
ing direct rule from London. 

Last night the islands were 
reported quieL 

Kaunda tirade greets Howe 

By Our Foreign Staff 

President Kenneth Kaunda 
of Zambia shocked Sir Geof- 
frey Howe, foe Foreign Secre- 
tary, last night with a tirade 
instead of the usual formal, 
greeting as they sat down for 
talks at the State House in 

Dr Kaunda noted the policy 
speech made by President 
Reagan on Tuesday night 
opposing sanctions against 
South Africa and Howe’s ar- 
rival in Johannesburg foe next 
day to visit President Botha. - 
He called it “a conspiracy 
between the American and 
British governments" and “a 

dear signal to the racists to 

carry on with that system 

that they have nothing to fear 
by way of sanctions." 

He added: “As a fellow 
human being. Sir Geoffrey, I 
must welcome you. But as a 
messenger of what you have 
come to do in Sputb Africa 
you are not welcome at alL" - 

Sir Geoffrey arrived here 
laic yesterday in a brief stop- 
over during his southern Afri- 
can diplomatic safari on 
behalf of the EEC. 

The African National Con- 
gress. banned in South Africa, 
has its headquarters in Lusa- 
ka, but Sir Geoffrey willnot be 

seeing any ANC leaders while 
he is here. 

Sir Geoffrey flies today to 
Botswana for talks with Presi- 
dent Quett Masire, before 
returning to South Africa for a 
second meeting with President 
Botha next T uesday. 

release of Mr Nelson 
Mandela, the ANC leader, 
emerged yesterday as the “bot- 
tom line” to enable South 
Africa to break out of its 
political logjam in discussions 
Sir Geoffrey held with leading 
black and white, businessmen 
and white opposition politi- 
cians (Ray Kennedy writes). 

IB A upset by bad language and violence on TV 

Arts Correspondent 

The Independent Kind- 
casting Authority -curbed bad 
language on two Channel 4 
comedy programmes during 
foe past year and emphasized 
more than once the need for 
caution ra portraying rio fence 
os ITV news bulktins,.. 

The Authority praised foe 
independent companies in its 
annual report, published yes- 
terday. but said c omp la ints 
about taste, decency and bad 
language were slightly higher 
than daring foe previous year. 

Comedy and tight entertain- 
ment had broken new ground, 
partly due to the success of 
Central TV's Spitting Image, 
Some new comedy had an ex- 

citing sharpness and rele- 
vance, but at times it could 
confuse satire with abuse. . 

“There have been isolated 
skirmishes during foe year. 
The IBA found it necessary to 
pntan earfy brake on language 
hi. Channel 4's Who Darts 
Wins, and in Saturday Liwe, m 
foe report said. 

There was a place on televi- 
sion for good humour which 
had an ethnic dimension, but 
which was alert to racial sen- 
sitivities. However some com- 
edy programmes. like Grana- 
da's Tkt Comedians, had been 
criticised by viewers for using 
national or racial stereotypes. 

The authority praised vari- 
ous news and current affairs 
programmes, notably ITV*s 
World in Action, which bad 

provided another year of me- 
ticulously researched and 
t^hfly edited programmes. 

pictures involving violence, 
distress and suffering were an 
important part of television 
news reporting. But care had 
to be taken to avoid dwelling 
on violence mmecessarily, es- 
pecially when large numbers 
of children could be expected 
to be watchim. Twice during 
foe year foe IBA felt it neces- 
sary to underline this point 

One programme about 
which the IBA and Channel 4 
had failed tn reach agreement 
was a documentary which 
showed how a group of Brazil- 
ian film directors had used sex 
films as a critique of the polit- 
ical system. The authority 

r ?. 

concluded that certain ex- 
cerpts were unsuitable because 1 
of sexual explicitness, and foe 
programme was not shown.. 

Another problem was over- 
seas material, foe vast major- 
ity of it from the United 
States, which comprised up to 
14 per cent of the total output 
of ITV and Channel 4. 

“It would be fair to say that 
much of the current public 
concern about foe portrayal of 
violence and the incidence of 
tad language on television de- 
rives from such acquired, as 
distinct from home-produced 

A great deal of care and 
thought was given to the pur- 
chase and scheduling of such 
material, and anytilm thought 


to be contentious had to be 
approved by ft special Film 
Clearance Committee. 

. The authority received 
2.194 complaints during foe 
year, more than 400 fewer 
than foe previous year, al- 
though those concerning taste 
and decency and language had 
been slightly higher. 

Lord Thomson of Moni- 
fleth, chairman of the IBA, 
expressed opposition to sever- 
al proposals made by foe Pea- 
cock Committee. He defended 
foe duopoly of the BBC and 
independent broadcasting and 
he rejected any plans to 
privatise Channel 4, and to put 
up ITV franchises for auction 
so long as the present fixed- 
term contracts were a statu- 
tory obligation.’ 

win late 

By John Goodbody 
Sports News Correspondent 

The Bermudan team, who 
were told to quit foe Com- 
monwealth Games, last sight 
won an eleventh-hour re- 
prieve, as foe much-troubled 
event was officially opened by 
the Duke of Edinbuigh, in the 
Meadowb&nk Stadium. 

The Olympic Association of 
Bermuda had voted to with- 
draw from the games, but their 
right-strong team in Scotland, 
were furious and threatened to 
defy them. 

But after an emergency 
Cabinet meeting on the island 
last night, Mr John Swan, the 
Prime Minister of Bermuda, 
telephoned the athletes in 
Edinbuigh and told them bis 
Government supported their 
decision to compete. 

The Bermudan team had 
earlier hung a sheet out of a 
window of their accommoda- 
tion in the Commonwealth 
village with the words 
scrawled: “Bermuda wants to 
slay. Do not penalize our 

Mr John Morbey, ibeir 
manager, said the team was 
unanimous in wanting to 
compete. “We discussed it for 
several hours and we agreed 
that no good could be served 
by the boycott." 

His wife, Mrs Audrey 
Morbey. said that the original 
decision had apparently been 
made, because of fears tor the 
team's safety. “We have had 
no problems here and every- 
one has been very pleasant to 

The 10-day games began 
with 31. out of the 58 lemio- 
ries eligible to take part tn the 
quadrennial “friendly games", 
not in Edinburgh; 

The opening ceremony, a 
colourful, but restrained pag- 
eant began in damp, cold 
weather with a lone piper. 

About 2500 children, wear- 
ing red, white and bine 
tracksuits, left the esplanade 
and ran the two miles to foe 

. The Duke of Edinbuigh 
arrived at the same time, in an 
open-top car, to inspect foe 
Black Watch. Then, foe.mosi 
disturbed and controversial 
Commonwealth 'Games in 
their 56-year . history, were 
finally underway. 

• Mr Robert Maxwell, the 
chairman of the. Com mon- 
weal thGames {Scotland 1986) 
Ltd, warned yesterday .that 
future games would need gov- 
ernment underwriting to be 
viable. . 

at last 
for royal 

From Martha de ia Cal 


The. Duke and Duchess of 
York - were cruising on . the 
Royal Yacht Britannia yester- 
day among foe middle islands 
of the Azores, around Fatal 
and S£o Jorge. 

The sun shone at httervals,a 
light breeze was Mowing and 
the sea was calm. 

The royal couple were en- 
joying absolute privacy as foe 
Portuguese Naval Authority 
kept all boats out of foe area 
and prohibited any boats from 
tearing any of the islands in 
foe direction of Britannia. 

The royal yacht had slipped 
out of the bay at Praia da 
Vitoria on Terceira Island 
long before midnight on 
Wednesday with the couple on 

Their aircraft from London 
had boded at nearby Lares 
military air base at 9.05pm 
British time. The Duchess 
stepped out in her long, casual 
flowered-print suit. The Duke 
wore a double-breasted dark 
suit and a tie. 

They were greeted by Portu- 
guese dignitaries, including 
foe Minister of the Republic, 
General Rocha Vieira, and foe 
regional president. Senior 
Mota AmaraL and by repre- 
sentatives of the British 

After the short, informal 
reception, they were whisked 
away in cars foe short distance 
to Piraia da Vitoria The roads 
and the town were crowded 
with .people, to whom foe 
couple waved as they passed 
rapidly by. Most of crowd had 
only a glimpse of foe car. 

At the beach a launch was 
waiting to take them immedi- 
ately to Britannia. 

Two high-ranking officers 
from Britannia returned to the 
shore to fhim in the name of 
foe Duke foe gifts of handi- 
crafts, tobacco, cheeses and 

Although there was an em- 
bargo on news of the couple’s 
plans — causing extreme con- 
sternation among foreign jour- 
nalists — it was believed that 
foe Dake of York might da 
■wme undefttoter exploring 
around the islands, which . are 
psfftcnbuiy good -for this 
sport. - . . 

On Monday, the last day of 
their rist, ■ foe . Duke and 
Duchess are expected to«une 
ashore for * reception in foe 
Azores capital, Pentn Delgada 
mi Sdo Mrgoei, the largest of 
tive islands, to be: held by 
Senhor Mota AmaraL 

Gunman demands £Im 

Paris — A gunman who 
forced his way into a bank m 
the heart of .the city's main 
shopping district yesterday 
morning was still holding a 
woman secretary hostage last 
night, threatening to “blow her 
up unless he is given 10 
million francs (nearly £1 mil- 

lion) by the bank (Diana 
Geddes writes). 

When police surrounded 
the bank the gunman had 
already left, taking the secre- 
tary. The man has claimed 
that his mother committed 
suicide after being “Turned” 
by the bank. 



MPs want more police 
action in dealing 
with racial attacks 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 
Commons increased patrols ami visits if from 54 in 1954 to 140in 

MPs on the 
home affairs committee want 
more police action against 
racial attacks. 

They said in a report pub- 
lished yesterday: "The appar- 
ent unwillingness of police to 
prosecute perpetrators of ra- 
cial incidents, especially inci- 
dents constituting common 
assault, has been much criti- 
cized. including the advice 
sometimes given to victims to 
take out private 

The committee recom- 
mends that where there is 
enough evidence and the vic- 
tim consents, police policy 
should be to initiate prosecu- 
tions themselves in racial 
incident cases. The policy 
should be backed by the crown 
prosecution service. 

Among a number of recom- 
mendations the committee 

• Special instruction on train- 
ing courses about racial 

• Racial incident reports to 
be monitored by appointed 

• Police to inform victims of 
subsequent action; 

• Enough interpreters, with 
emergency call numbers 
where necessary, 

• Targeting of an area with 

needed. January-Novembor 1985. The 

The Metropolitan Police change is attributed to gaining 
had already declared racial local confidence and a corn- 
incidents a priority task. All mitment by police to take firm 
police forces with appreciable action, plus local training, 
ethnic minorities should do more home beat officers, a 24- 
the same. Many forces had hour helpline, use of volun- 
devoted much effort to im- teers from the local 
proving their response to ra- Bangladeshi community, and 
rial incidents. The police have a multi-agency forum for dis- 
a difficult task dealing with cussing cases, 
them, particularly in obtain- Although the biggest role in 
ing sufficient evidence for countering racial incidents be- 
prosecution. the MPs said. longs to the police, the MPs 
"But it is accepted that see a need for local authorities 
policemen on the beat have to lake action, 
sometimes been less than A multi-agency approach is 
adequately aware of the extent recommended by the comrait- 
and significance of racial we. Social service staff should 
incidents. 1 ' be made aware of their role 

Some police forces have a and sufficiently trained for it 
good clear-up rate. The MPs According to the Depart- 
ed Avon and Somerset ment of Education and Sci- 
where the detection rate was gnee, a quarter of local 
64 per cent in 1984, although education authorities have 
only 24 incidents were some experience of racial 
reported. incidents within, or directed 

"The most worrying area is towards, schools in their area, 
the Metropolitan Police area One Bangladeshi told the 
where the dear-up rate for committee that “the daily 
racial incidents was only 13 walk- to and from work and 
per cent in 1984 and 15 per school becomes a never-end- 
ppn,,nlQM mg nightmare”. 

cent in 1985. 

But in Tower Hamlets, east 
London, the a rresi/cl ear-up 
rate rose from 8 per cent in 
1984 to 31 per cent in 1985, 
and the number of arrests 

House oj Commons. Third 
report from the home affairs 
committee. Racial Attacks and 
Harassment (Stationery Office, 

Shah stays 
at helm 
of Today 

By Robin Young 

A spokesman for the trou- 
bled national newspaper, To- 
day. vestenday denied reports 
that Mr Eddie Shah, its foun- 
der, was to be replaced as the 
newspaper's chief executive 
after a boardroom reshuffle. 

A claim that Mr Shah was to 
be replaced by Mr Terry Cassi- 
dy. who was brought in as 
managing director of the com- 
pany after a £20 million rescue 
by the Lonrho group, was 
dismissed as “complete non- 

The spokesman said that 
Mr Cassidy had been brought 
in to lake day-to-day charge of 
the running of the company, 
but Mr Shah retained his 51 
-per cent controlling interest, 
and would remain as chair- 
man and chief executive. 

Todays whose circulation 
recently has seldom been bet- 
ter- than 350,000. sold out 
700,000 copies of its royal 
wedding souvenir issue. - 

“It shows that we are going 
in the right direction," a 
spokesman said. 

Ulster to get new 
complaints body 

A new independent com- 
mission for police complaints 
is to be set up in Northern 
Ireland, broadly in line with 
the new machinery under 
which complaints against the 
police in England and Wales 
have been investigated since 
April last year. 

The draft order in council, 
published yesterday would 
limit the powers of the RUC 
chief constable to influence or 
delay investigations such as 
the controversial Stalker in- 
quiry into the RUCs under- 
cover operations. 

Investigation of complaints 
against the RUC is not at pre- 
sent open to scrutiny from 
outside the force. The Gov- 
ernment believes public con- 
fidence would be increased if 
investigations were supervis- 
| ed by an independent body. - - 
The proposed' commission; 
expected to be operational in 
about 12 months, will have 
powers exceeding those of the 
present Police Complaints 
Board which it would replace, 
the junior Northern Ireland 
Office minister responsible for 
law and" order, Mr Nicholas" 
Scott, said yesterday. 

“It would be able to ap- 
prove or disapprove the 

choice of investigating officer 
and could direct whether he 
should be appointed from 
within the RUC or from an- 
other UK force; it could ap- 
point one of its own members 
to take responsibility for the 
supervision of a particular in- 
vestigation and that member 
would stay dose to the investi- 
gation throughout its course.” 

In could also direct that 
inquiries should follow a par- 
ticular course 

In some respects the new 
complaints commission mil 
have wider powers than its 
counterpart in England and 
Wales. The chief constable 
will be required to refer to the 
commission all complaints 
requiring formal investigation 
ana the commission would 
decide whether it was required 
to supervise an inquiry or to 
“do so at its own discretion. 

The Secretary of State and 
the Northern Ireland police 
authoity will be able to refer 
matters that are not the sub- 
ject of formal complaints, but 
which indicate that "a police 
officer may have committed a 
criminal or "disciplinary of- 
fence in cases affecting or 
appearing to affect the public 

‘Scrap local education 
authorities 9 say MPs 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

of 13 right-wing board to decide how it should 
be spent. 

A group 
Conservative MPs launched a 
campaign yesterday to press 
for radical changes in educa- 
tion to meet the rise in 
complaints about the way 
schools are run. 

The No Turning Back 
Group, all strong supporters of 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher, called 
for schools to be funded by 
central government and self- 
governing. That would mean 
virtually scrapping local edu- 
cation authorities and 
strengthening the role of 
school boards. 

The MPs* idea, set out in a 
pamphlet. Save Our Schools, 
is for each school to be given 
money, based on the number 
of pupils, and for the school 

The boards would consist 
mainly ofelected parents, plus 
teachers and local business 
and professional representa- 
tives. They would appoint 
heads and determine the 
teachers’ pay. 

Included in the group are 
Mr Michael Forsyth (Stirling). 
Mr Edward Leigh (Gainsbor- 
ough and Homcastie). Mr 
Michael Portillo (Enfield, 
Southgate) and Mr Christo- 
pher Chope (Southampton, 

Save Our Schools (Conservauve 
Political Centre. 32 Smith 
Square. London SW1P 3HH; 

5,000 jobs 
hope for 

More than 5.000 new jobs 
and up to £300 million of 
private investment is expected 
to be attracted to the former 
naval dockyards at Chatham 
in Kent by its new owner, the 
English Industrial Estates Cor- 
poration (Our Industrial Cor- 
respondent writes). 

The dockyards, which 
closed in 1983, were taken 
over by the corporation, part 
of the Depanmem of Trade 
and Industry, because no pri- 
vate sector developers would 
take on the task. The closure 
caused 5,500 job losses. 

English Estates operates 530 
sites in the UK and has 
provided 120.000 jobs. 


in Country Life 

From start to finish, the ceremony 
recorded in full colour in a special 
souvenir issue which includes: 

• Houses of the Royal Dukes 

• Ceremonies through the ages 

• Love rings and wedding rings 

• History of the Fleet Air Arm 

• The royal stables 

• Focus on Gordonstoun 

• Ceremonial saddles 

• Royal weddings in old 

• Historic royal watches 

The Magazine of the Tear 
co mm e mora tes the Wedding 
of the Tear in this caftrarful 
300-page issue. 

On sale now 

Dennis Hassap 
commuter ~ 

assapis, aged nine, a member of the England Primary School under-11 chess team. 

from Epsom, at Waterloo railway station yesterday to celebrate the first time the World LSiess Championship 

has been played in London. 

PM defends Armstrong in dual role 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 
. Correspondent 

Tbe Prime Minister yester- 
day underlined her support for 
Sir Robert Armstrong by re- 
jecting a call by MPs that his 
twin posts of Secretary of the 
Cabinet and Head of the 
Home Civil Service should be 

The Government, in its 
reply to the report of the all- 
party Treasury and Crvil Ser- 
vice Committee, ruled out any 

the next general 


The Prime Minister has 
already asked Sir Robert, 
criticized in yesterday's report 
on the Westland affair, to stay 
beyond his normal retirement 
date until the election. 

The Government said that 
combining the two posts had 
dear benefits. 

The Secretary of the Cabi- 
net, although not the Prime 

Minister's permanent secre- 
tary, was of all the permanent 
secretaries the closest to the 
Prime Minister. 

As permanent secretary for 
the Cabinet Office be was 
responsible to Mr Richard 
Lace, the Minister of State at 
the Privy Council Office, and 
to the Prime Minister as 
Minister for the Civil Service. 

He also saw senior staff in 
action and was able to advise 
the Prime Minister, as Minis- 
ter for the Civil Service, on the 
most senior appointments. 

The Government also reject- 
ed the committee proposal that 
there should be a single minis- 
ter for the Cm! Service, with a 
department fa* the Civil Ser- 
vice whose permanent secre- 
tary would be bead of the 
whole Civil Service. 

Such a department was set 
np in 1968 bid abolished by 
the present government in 

The Government said yes- 

terday that the former ar- 
rangement was not satis- 
factory and the reasons which 
led to the creation of the 
present arrangements re- 
mained valid. 

The Government concluded: 
“The Government sees no 
grounds for changing the ex- 
isting organization at the 
present time.” 

However, the Government 
accepted the committee's rec- 
ommendation, proposed in the 
wake of the Pouting affair, 
that CivO Servants with crises 
of conscience should have the 
nltimate Tight of appeal to the 
head of the Home Civil 

It would be intended primar- 
ily to deal with cases where a 
Civil Servant was asked to do 
something which for him or 
her raised a fundamental issue 
of conscience. 

It would not be intended for 
disciplinary cases and other 
personnel management mat- 
ters where the permanent 

secretary of the department 
would remain the final 

. Sir Robert Armstrong is to 
have talks with the Civil 
Service unions about proce- 
dures for the right of appeal. 

The Government said yes- 
terday that there would need to 
be a safeguard against frivo- 
lous or vexatious appeals. 

The committee had also 
been recommended that minis- 
ters who required their press 
officers to do more than 
present and describe polices 
should make political 

Bat the Government said 
that the press officers coaid 
properly justify and defend as 
well as describe polices in 
departmental, but not party 
potiticab terms. 

Civil Servants and Ministers: 
duties and responsibilities. Gov- 
ernment response to the seventh 
report from the Treasury and 
Civil Service Committee (Sta- 
tionery Office; £2.40). 

‘should be 

By Edward Townsead 
Industrial Correspondent 

-British industry yesterday 
gave the Government a stern 
ultimatum over the possible 
introduction ; of sanctions 
against South Africa and in.-' 
sisted that any restrictions 
should be given legal force. 

The Confederation of/Brit- 
ish Industry's policy-making 
council meeting in London 
said that it deplored any 
political restraints on freedom 
to trade, but added: “We 
recognize that it is for our 
elected Government to decide 
what is in the national 

The confederation said that 
it would accept the 
Government's decisions pro- 
vided three conditions were 
met. Those were: that the 
national economic interest 
had been fiilly weighed: that 
any restrictions were given 
legal force; and that Britain's 
competitors suffered the.same 

The confederation said: 
“We do not believe sanctions 
are an all-or-nothing question. 
There are a range of possible 
measures. If Sir Geoffrey 
Howe's mission " fails* ' the 
Government- has said it-may 
be necessary to envisage fur- 
ther measures. 

Sir Fred Warner, chairman 
of the confederation’s over- 
seas committee, said that the 
organization had no political 
responsibilities but was re- 
sponsible for the 100,000 Afri- 
can workers employed by 
British companies, and for the 
workers in the United King- 
dom who" made their living 
from producing goods for 
South Africa- - - 
The CB1 denied that it was 
adopting a softer line on 
sanctions and expressed its 
continuing opposition to them 
and support for the stand 
taken by Mrs Thatcher. 

New evidence of union 
supporters’ ‘violence’ 

By Tim Jones 

The High Court judge in the 
Wapping dispute case yester- 
day admitted new evidence 
which alleged -that -print union 
supporters had behaved vio- 
lently m the day of the royal 
wedding in spite of defence 
submissions dial it was absurd 
to do so. 

Mr Justice Stuart-Smith 
made his decision after a 
submission from Mr Anthony 
Grabiiier, QC, on behalf of 
News International, that three 
affidavits he was presenting 
were “absolutely germane to 
the issues 

They showed, he said, that 
any suggestion that violence 
had abated outside the 
company's new plant at 
Wapping, east London, was 
“simply not the position”. 

In his evidence, Mr Alasiair 
Brett, a libel lawyer for The 
Times and The Sunday Times. 
described how he was covered 
in spittle and “extremely shak- 
en by the intimidatory, threat- 
ening and fanatical behaviour 
of the pickets” as he attempted 
to walk to the plant. 

Mr Brett, 6ft I in and stoutly 
built, said he was not easily 
intimidated. But he believed 
he would haveljeen physically 
assaulted- bad.. he. not been 
protected by crash barriers. . 

Mr Tudor Hopkins,' a per- 
sonnel director, described how 
three demonstrators standing 
on a roof had thrown a brick at 
him which cut him above his 
eye and grazed his cheek. 

Mr Bruce Matthews, man- 
aging director of News Inter- 
national, described bow up to 
1.000 pickets outnumbered 
the 120 police present and 
made access to and .from the_ 
building all But impossible. 

His affidavit said that a 
group of pickets armed with 
iron bars and other objects 
had attacked a lorry owned by 
one of the company’s subsid- 
iary companies and smashed 
its windows, slashed its tyres 
and cut ropes causing heavy 

reels of newsprint to fall to the 

In. another .affidavit, Mr 
Desmond Nonham. a dis- 
patch rider, described -how. he 
had been subjected to attack 
from missiles. 

~ Mr Martin Mann: QC, for 
the print u.nipn, Sogat ’82, said 
he had read the affidavits and 
Tound" them ambiguous al- 
though there was nevertheless 
a strong indication that some- 
thing hid happened. 

He maintained it was 
“absurd” to go on adding 
evidence to the case which he 
said .should be determined on 
evidence submitted up to the 
date the writ was served. 

News International is seek- 
ing injunctions banning Sogat 
and the National Graphical 
Association, plus named offi- 
cials, from maintaining any- 
thing but a peaceful picket of 
six people at theplaiu where 
The Times, The : Sunday 
Times. The Sun and: News of 
the World are published. 

The case continues today. 

• A reporter on The Sun 
behaved with “commendable 
presence of mind" when she 
answered a telephone cal! 
from a man who claimed that 
-News International's 
Wapping plant would be at- 
tacked unless he was paid 
£50.000, the Central Criminal 
Court was told yesterday. 

Joanne Fletcher, a journal- 
ist, made shorthand notes and 
then stalled the caller, William 
Shiel. until she was able to 
tape-record the conversation, 
Mr Charles Miskin, for the 
prosecution, said. 

■Shiel, a bricklayer, aged 31, 
of Tiller Road, Poplar, east 
London, who was" arrested 
later by detectives posing as 
reporters, pleaded guilty to 
making a threat that four men 
dressed as security guards 
would raid the plant and 
wreck computers. He was 
remanded in custody for 


By Gann Bell 
Arts Correspondent 

. , The Duke and Duchess of 
jYiirk haSTBarely swepttbe last 
traces of confetti from their 
honeymoon ckrthes before a 
fierce com petition' to sell video 
recordings of their wedding 

was first off the mark 
with its 70-minute film, priced 
at £8,99. The first 250 copies 
were delivered to die Virgin 
Megastore in Oxford Street, 
London, at 10 JO pm on 
Wednesday, and were all sold 
before the store dosed at 

midnig ht. 

The BBC was a few hours 
behind with its 100-minute 
version, priced at £9.99, which 
was available in West End 
stores from 9am yesterday. 

Both networks reported a 
rush to bay their copies, and 
projected sales of tens of 

The BBC said that its video 
was “selling like hotcakes”, 
and some stores had sold out 
their first consignments within 
hours. Thames TV's partner 
in the venture, . The Video 
Collection, said that some 
outlets were selling between 15 
and 20 of their videos per lurar. 

Both were racing to have 
copies available throughout 
Britain by the weekend, and 
were flying master tapes to 
their agents in the United 
States and Australia. 

The BBC said that it was 
producing 10,000 a day, while 
Thames/Video Collection said 
they would deride today 
whether to increase their ini- 
tial production of 14J0Q0 

copies. _ _ . 

• A mDe-long queue encircled 
Westminster Abbey yesterday 
for a chance to retrace the 
steps of the Duke and Duchess 
of York amid the 30,000 
blooms of cream, white, pink 
and peach that coqihM from 
the altar along the nave. 

■,H f 

, ,i i ’ 11 

.'p 1 

wife was 
to death 

Anne Lock, the murder 
victim whose body was found 
on Monday, was gagged to 
death, an inquest was told 

Professor David Bower, a 
pathologist, told the inquest at 
Watford. Hertfordshire; "It 
was a blockage of foe air 
passage by a foreign 

Mrs Lock disappeared 10 
weeks ago while travelling by 
train from foe London Week- 
end Television studios, where 
she worked as a secretary, to 
her home at Woodlands, 
Brookmans Park, 


Her body was found near a 
railway line at Potters Bar. 

Mr Bernard Simms, a foren- 
sic dentologist and dental 
surgeon based at foe London 
Hospital, Whitechapel, east 
London, said be identified foe 
body from Mrs Lock's dental 

The inquest was adjourned 
for three months. 

Rantzen heads 
child charity 

Esther Rantzen, foe televi- 
sion presenter, is to head 
ChildLine, a charity which 
was launched yesterday to 
help children in danger. The 
confidential Freefone service 
has been set up to help any 
child that has suffered or is 
suffering from neglect, physi- 
cal violence or sexual abuse. 

British Telecom is provid- 
ing free premises and an easy- 
to-remember phone number. 
The charity has foe full sup- 
port of Mr Norman Fowler, 
Secretary os State for Social 

Terror man 
is jailed 

Donal Craig, aged 28, who 
joined foe gang headed by foe 
Brighton bomber, Patrick 
Magee, but got out when he 
realized the extent of the 
terror campaign planned, was 
jailed for four years yesterday 
by foe Central Criminal 
Court. Magee was given eight 
life sentences Iasi month. 

Craig, a carpenter from 
Donegal, in foe Irish Repub- 
lic, who pleaded guilty to 
conspiring to cause explo- 
sions, had been remanded for 
psychiatric reports. 

Heart surgery 
for third time 

._Mr_ Rfehard Nodon, aged 
20, of Stone, Staffordshire, 
was in a critical condition last 
-nfahtaftecajhiid heart opera- 
tion in Harefield Hospital. 
Middlesex. After two heart 
transplants, doctors derided a 
third operation was necessary. 

Mr Stephen Reid, aged 24, 
of Basfbrd. Nottinghamshire, 
who telephoned his family 
telling them that he had been 
offered a heart transplant 
died before the operation at 
the National Heart Hospital in 

Old station is 
to be moved 

Steam enthusiasts who ran 
the Keighley and Worth Val- 
ley railway have bought a 
disused Victorian station in 
Lancashire and are to have it 
rebuilt in West Yorkshire at 
Ingrow, near foe Bronte vil- 
lage of Haworth. 

Fowlridge station was 
bought by a former signalman, 
Mr Ernest Berry, when foe line 
closed more than 20 years ago. 
He has sold it to the Yorkshire 
enthusiasts; the total scheme 
is expected to cost £20,000. 

Mother must 
stay in jail 

Linda Moss, aged 24. who 
was jailed for two months 
after taking her children, aged 
two and eight, and two teenage 
girls on a shoplifting expedi- 
tion. lost an appeal against her 
sentence yesterday. 

The Court of Appeal ruled 
that Mrs Moss, of Victoria. 
Avenue, EUand. West York- 
shire, who was found guilty at 
Wakefield Crown Court two 
weeks ago of stealing goods 
worth £20. must stay in pris- 

■;iki and 


iJ * • 

:nsn nisji 
! *ntu nric 

Thatcher rejects MPs’ 
censure of top aides 

Continued from page 1 
of the officials, which had 
been found to 
be“disgracefully" improper. 

Far from the Westland saga 
vanishing off foe political 
landscape, there were wide- 
spread predictions at West- 
minster last night that it will 
continue to simmer through- 
out foe summer. 

Today Mr Tara DalyeU, 
Labour MP for Linlithgow 
and chief interrogator of the 
Government over the sinking 
of foe Belgian o during the 
Falklands conflict will Have a 
short adjournment debate on 
foe issue, which the Govern- 
ment will be obliged to reply 

Sir Michael Havers, Attor- 
ney General last night replied 
to an accusation in the report 
that he knew foe leaking of foe 
letter had been authorized 
when he advised that an 

inquiry be instituted. 
"1 did not know by 


foe disclosure had been made 
or that it had been authorized 
by foe then Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry or at 
all.” he said in a Commons 
written answer. 

But Mr Peter Shore, Shad- 
ow Leader of foe Commons, 
said in the Commons later 
that foe Attorney General's 
answer was inadequate. 

Opening the summer ad- 
journment debate, he de- 
scribed the leak as “open, 
outrageous and 


• Turning to actions of. 
Downing Street, he said it was 
surprising Mr Ingham had not 
vetoed the leak of the letter 
when approached by the De- 
partment of Trade and Indus- 
try and reported foe request to 
the Prime Minister at once. 

"As for Sir Robert Ann- 
strong he allowed himself to 
be used for the unsavoury 
purpose of an attempted cov- 
er-up.” Mr Shore said. . 



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found on the home market 


c ■ . ™ reserve far mmeeflate cash reafisafan.^^ npmma ' 

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Viewing from noon same day. 

Payment cash, cheque or all major credit cards 

Aucto*** A W-tov BMP Street. Laotian W1_ „ 

* y 


w 'fe * as 

. 8a |8ed 



HOME Ntw& 

Nfcye gets 14 years for 

masterminding the 

. rw livi t . 

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Irti il>tcr !*!,«■. ii.. " "vJi'uriw 

; By)Micfiael Horsnell 

v. Kenneth; Noye, . the police therobbery at the BrinksWat 
kilter who. masterminded the Heathro4| v Airport' security 
•.conspiracy to dispose of the warehouse m November ! 98> 
*£36111111100 Bnnks-Mai gold - were <tiso sentenced yesterday- 

lax after'a trial which started 
on May 6 . 

Noye received 13 years for 
conspiracy to- handle the grid 

v bullion.: robbery haul. was.- ^ conspira^ to nanoje ine gom 
- yesterday sentenced to 14 and was fined 

• Sis in prison and fined Crove^Pyt. south Loadon,-- nx tnomhs to pay with a 

Saooo. was jailed for a total of nino 

C The jury, which found him years ’ 

* guilty on Wednesday of orga- ” Reader, described , by the 

, Hiring the; huge .laundering judge, as Noye’s “vjgoigas-* 
r operation which recycled -the right4rand- ; man” had-beea- 
cgold on the Intimate gold cleared along with his opera- 

consecutive 12 months im- 
prisonment in default; and a 
consecutive 12 months for the 
tax fraud. 

market was later promised 
..Continuing police protection. 

Judge Richard Lowry told 
. .the millionaire businessman: 
“You enthusiastically and 
■ ruthlessly pursued dishonest 

rigbMMnd^man . had-beeo- . in addition he was ordered 
cleared along with his operar to pay a sum not exceeding 
lions ponumpder of the wur-^ £200,000 towards the cost of 

/tor at TJLIp knrnHQWi lorf * -*• _ 

Noye, aged 38, who was last wbich^^elped io. iaunderMfoe 
tyear acquitted of the murder proceeds of the robbery by 

Fordham test the prosecution. 

: : ^.ssasss 

which J helped lo.larodefMflifr . Chappell was given nine 


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Terror man 
is jailed 

IXsr^i t . iW . 4 


* -of Del Constable John passing dn'the melted gold to 
i ‘Fordharn after claiming that other, unsuspecting, buflion 
be stabbed the undercover companies via the " gold 
.'officer in self-defence in the market's Sheffield assay .of- 
grounds of his home in Kent lice. , was jailed for JO years 
. while police; mounted a sur- and fined a total of £ 2 Oft 0 OO- 
^veiltence eperation, to co£ Judge Lowry described him 

victed, of disposing of the gold ^ ; ap cssentml element, in 

victeo, oi a reposing ot me goto & ■ ^ essential element., in 
and operating a sim ultaneous converting die stolen gold into 
. value-added tax fiaud. unidentifiable ingots and in 

j.-. Civil proceedings- for the the subsequent tax frai^d. 
-.recovery of the robbery haul Other court casts against 
rf -have , been started against four people for handling the 
» ;Noye, whose£3 million assets stolen gold are pending. These 
^ shave been frozen, as reported include Brenda Noye,agEd37, 
r in. The Times yesterday. and John Palmer, aged 36, the 

.V Before be was sentenced West Country jeweller held: by 
■jNoye, father -of two, apo Jo- pobce after his return from 
gi 7 i»H to the Central Criminal Spain via • Rro de Janeiro 
-* Court for bis outburst upon earlier this month. Other men 
-. convi ctio n' in which be told are wanted for questioning by 
. the jury: “I hope you all die of police. ■ . 

cancer.’ At the end of the sentencing 

SB,d«£ “™w usb “ d: lovc 

rized to the Central Criminal 
-> Court for his outburst upon 

.from the pubfid gallery to her 

was knocked over and lucked 

as he.tned rotate pictures. '^j/three men, inrfiwlin. 

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as he tried to take pictures. 

' Two other defendants con- 
.victed of their parts in the 
; laundering of the proceeds of 

Chappell, had been convicted 
of conspiracy to handle stolen 
gold and conspiracy to evade 

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for third time 

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Brenda. Noye (left) and Lynn Reader after the sentencing. 

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f AgaKhancase 

.. The Aga Khan won substan- apologized: for suggesting 
* rial libd damages in the Hi^i there . was anything 
-• Court yesterday over an arti- dishonourable about the Aga 
V- * cle jjy foe gossip columnist, Xhan or ^is conduct, or that 
. Tata. The article, “Dropping he was iii any way an unsuit- 
** ' OfT. in the Spectator maga- able person to be invited to 
zine in July 1984, alleged he occupy positions of honour on 
r . 1 was “possibly the. greatest tax public occasions. 

evader of all tirne~. They agreed to pay the 

* His counsel, Mr Desmond undisclosed damages and all 
» Browne, said: “ThCre is-abso- legal costs. Their counsel, Mr 
luttlyno tnnh in thisdi^race- James Price, said they rroog- 
ful allegation" He said the nized the serious allegations 
Aga Khan had never evaded were without foundation and 
.),* tax oar sought tb do so. _ offered their sincere and unre- 

3 i The magazine's publishers served apologies* 

h[ Irish inquest opens 
into priest’s death 

«•:*— sue • 

\ ,v.L>* 

An tsqnest began fa the 
Irish Republic yesterday into, 
the death of a Roman Catholic 
priest whose body was- found 

called at the inquest, at TnBa- 
roore, Co Offaly, conducted 
before a jury of nine men and 
three women by Mr Brian 

with , head injuries in the Mahon, the comfy's deputy 
bedroom of a friend's house coroner. Dr John Barb ism. 

Mother must 
stav in jail 

more chan a year ago. . state pafhol 
Father Mali MoDoy, aged foqbest that 

totd the 

had found 

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52, carate at Casd^oote, Co signs of cuts, bruises and 
Roscommon, died after attend- grazes on FrMoltoy's&ce and 
mg a wedding at the hone of head, and on an arm and a leg. 
Mr Richard Flynn, a wealthy Mr Flynn, aged 48, was 
tenner and bariaessman, at foand not guilty at the Circuit 
Clara, Co Offaly. Criminal Court, Dublin, test 

Mr Flynn and his wife were month of manslaughter and 
among witnesses listed to be assaulting Ft MoBoy. . 

Treasury Planning i 
blamed for decline o 

Tincf rdtPC By Christopher Warmai 
if ™ 1 1 Planning policies are has- 

By Bill Johnstone tening the decline of villages 

Pbst Office enstomers are by preventing sympathetic 
MvtM mnrh htnnv tkp v elopnieni witiuo them, the 
-SSS±£&!1 Hbi-Mto. Ft.tenid.on 
ration pay heavy “S 3 « said yesterday mcomroentuig 
taxes", the Post OTce Users' New Hpmes in 

National Council says in its 

MrTwn Conioui, the to the Northamplonshire 
simply no. jood «oo*h for , 

SSSonto piSwe^Sr a wou,d ■S“Jf in ■ 

as? a rr* 

^sltsts aa»sws 

bm eSStTi 

housebuilders should avoid 
tSSt teio sprawling devolopmenm. 

the money sboald be used The federation says that in 
instead to tecreasemedianiza- Northamptonshire policies 
tion, restore Sunday or late operate on the premise that 
Saturday collections, restore houses built within a village 
second deKveries. and reduce are acceptable, but those built 
tariffs. at the edge are not The report 

The couKti received. 5321 araues that is felse. 
complaints from the public in In addition, it says that with 

aast year, down about many village centres designat- 
2,600 on the year before. ed as conservation areas, it is 

head, and on mi «nn mid a teg. 

Mr Flynn, aged 48, was 

forad not guilty attire Circuit Da^told.^S 

Criminal Court, Da bun, test *foo« kcmm oTpossessrae dn«. and 


assaulting Fr MoDoy. . soppbms drag*. 

Planning rules ‘speed 
decline of villages’ 

By Christopher Warman, Property Correspondent 

Planning policies are has- inconsistent to direct new 
tening the decline of viHages homes only to those areas, 
by preventing sympathetic de- The report says that policies 

vefopment within them, the for rural settlements should 
House-Builders Federation not only seek to conserve the 
said yesterday in commenting physical character of villages 
on a report. New Homes in but also their social and 

economic structure. By re-1 

The report, commissioned striding development, h says, 
by the federation and submit- “the policies may lead to 
ted to the Northamplonshire further decline in services, and 
structure plan review, says the loss of homes, shops, the 
that Northamptonshire Coun- garage and pub", 
ty Council has proposed that The federation believes the 
in only 2j out of 300 villages principles that should be fol- 
would more than a limited lowed in Northamptonshire 
amount of infilling be allowed, apply to other counties, m- 
That is in spite of house- eluding Cumbria, North 
builders , finding that large Yorkshire. Northumberland, 
concentrations of growth are Suffolk, Norfolk,. Devon, 
not compatible with housing Somerset, Wiltshire, Essex, 
demand, which tends to be . Cheshire and Warwickshire. 

dispersed and localized. 

New Homes in Villages (House- 1 

It also goes against govern- Builders Fedwation, 82 New 
ment encouragement that 

housebuilders should avoid 
large sprawling developments. • People living in rural areas or 
n. tj .■ . . ■ new bousing estates are more 

The federation says that m likely to suffer from iU health 
Northamptonshire policies because they cannot easily reach 
Operate on the premise that the medical services they need, 
houses built within a village the Welsh Consumer Council 

are acceptable, but those built ™ ■ report yesterday 
at the edge are noL The report . 

argues that is felse: ohSaiS^Imid^SS 5 ^ 

In addition, it says that with 

many yiltege centres- designat- worst off. They often wait horns 
ed a$ conservation areas, it is for ouipauem appointments 

proceeds of the robbery by years on the first count, and * 
passing dn'the melted gold to .£ 100,000 fine with six months 
other, unsuspecting, button to pay or a consecutive 12 
companies via the gold - months . in default, and 12 
market's Sheffield assay .of- months consecutive for the 
fice., was jailed for jO -jeats tax fraud and a - further 
and fined a total of £200:606. £ 100:000 fine with a similar 

• Judge Lowry described him.' penalty for default.' 

Bob Geldof and his wife, Paula Yates, with Mr John Paul Getty 11 and his sister, Mrs Donna Long. 

Queen compliments unshaven Geldof 

The judge said: “The gold. 
- stolen in the robbery may weH 
have been vastly more than 
the robbers expected, but it 
was of Bftie use to them until it 
could be converted into cash. . 

“In a manner not revealed 
' by Noye, he became in league 
with the robbers. At a time 
when- it was hoped detection 
would be avoided, the gold 
was released and .sold and 
became cash." 

Eleven gold bars were re- 
covered from Noye’s exten- 
sive grounds -by Mr 
Fordhams colleagues after be 
was stabbed to death. They 
were ordered to be returned to 
Brinks-Mat • 

After the sentencing. Com- 
mander Phillip' Corbett, head 
of Criminal Intelligence at 
Scotland Yard, said that de- 
spite the tragedy of Mr 
Fordham, valuable lessons 
had. been learnt, from the 

“These were sophisticated 
criminals, but I can say that 
we have learnt a lot and have 
made considerable progress in 
.oiher.siratiar areas as a result 
of methods introduced as a 
result of tiiis case." 

A fourth - man, Matteo 
Constantino, aged 66 , a jewel- 
ler, of High Road, Whetstone, 
north London, was given a 12- 
month jail sentence, suspend- 
ed for two years, for the tax . 

:,5 bailed 
on drags 

By A Staff Reporter 

Five people charged with 
drug offences .after police in- 
vestigations into the death in 
Oxford of Olivia Chan non, 
the daughter • of Mr Paul 
Channon, Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, were 
remanded on bail until Sep- 
tember 4 by Oxford magis- 
trates yesterday . 

• A" sixth defendant. Paul 
Dun stan, aged 31, from Elles- 
mere Road, .Dollis Hill, north 
London, was remanded in 
custody until August 14 on 
seven drugs charges. 

Hour defendants, including 
MKDunstan, had appeared 
before-courts earlier. 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Bob GeldoC the pop star and 
famine refief organizer, dis- 
carded his traditional denim 
jeans for a mornog suit and 
top bat, as be took his place 
alongside MrJohn Pan) Getty 
II at Buckingham Palace yes<- 
terday to receive an honorary 
knighthood from the Queen. 

' In spite of his smart attire, a 
£ 1,000 gift from the royal 
tailors, Gieves and Hawkes, of 
SavQle Row, Mr Geldof ar- 

rived at the palace unshaven, 
acco m panied by his wife. Pan- 
la Yates, and his father, Mr 
Bob Geldof senior. 

After placing the insignia of 
the Knig ht C niq manilw of the' 

British Empire aroaad his 
neck, tiie Queen told hhn? ' 
"This is a small token for the 
work yon have done." 

The singer, aged 32, replied: 
“Believe me, it was harder 
work getting into this suit." 
The Queen then added. 

smiling; “Yes, I expect it was, 
but yoa look very nice." 

In spite of the scores of Cans 
waiting for him ontside the 
palace bolding placards con- 
gratulating -Sir Bob", Mr 

Geldof cuusot age the title 
because be is an Irish citizen, 
but the letters KBE now follow 
his name. 

The honorary award was 
recommended by Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, Foreign Secretary, for 
his famine relief work for 

Africa, which raised millions 
of pounds throogh Band Aid, 
Live Aid and Sport Aid. 

The only other recipient of 
the honorary title was Mr 
Getty,- the American mDlion- 
aire p hilanthr opist acid the 
third son of the oQ magnate, 
Mr John Paul Getty I. 

“1 am deeply honored," the 
reclusive Mr Getty, aged 54, 
said. He has lived in Britain 
for the past 15 years. 

NHS may 
raise fees 
for private 

By Sheila Gunn 
political Staff 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security is expected 
to raise chaises for private 
patients treated in National 
Health Service hospitals from 
next April after an investiga- 
tion by the Commons public 
accounts committee. 

The MPs discovered that 
health service patients were at 
risk because of the cost of 
subsidizing the pay beds in 
some NHS hospitals. 

An inquiry carried out by 
Sir Gordon Downey, control- 
ler and auditor general, dis- 
closed that private patients 
undeigoing major operations 
were not being charged the foil 

-The committee yesterday 

• That foil costs should be 

• That NHS patients should 
not be jeopardized: 

• That charges should relate 
to treatment cost: 

• That administrative costs 
should be kept to a minimum. 

The DHSS is asking for 
comments by September on 
changing the system. 

Higher national charges for 
expensive treatments or a 
request to health authorities to 
set the charges are expected. 

Committee qf PtMir Accounts: 
46th Report NHS; level of 
charges for private resident pa- 
tients (Stationery Office. £4). 

Two in Mot hysteria’ 
sentenced for arson 

‘4,000 at risk from Aids’ 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

.Two men who were caught 
in the “hysteria of the mob" 
-during the riots in 
Hands worth, when two broth- 
ers were killed bra post office 
fire, were sentenced at Bir- 
mingham Crown Court 

Mark BarratL, aged 22, was 
jailed for five-and-a-half- 
years, and Samuel Murrain, 
aged 18, was sent to youth 
custody for four years. 

• • Barrett, of Wiggin -Tower, 
Newtown, Birmingham, and 
Murrain, of Fentham Road. 
Aston, Birmingham, admitted 
arson and burglary at the 
Lozells Road post office. 

Barrett, who has a criminal 
record and comes from a 
deprived background, pleaded 
guilty to robbery, at another 
- post office in Birchfield Road 
when he made oftwithf 1.000 

it in pound coins while Murrain 

.« .J v i .l ii. 

admitted burglary there. He 
admitted burglary at a 
Handswpnh supermarket, all 
during - the riots - last 

Barrett also admitted start- 
ing a fire at the Lozells Road 
post office but witnesses told 
the court that the building was 
already on fire when a mob' of 
about SO looters, including the i 
two defendants, broke in. 

. The. prosecution accepted | 
that there was no evidence , 
that the fire that killed Mr : 
Kassamali Moledina, aged 38, 
a sub-postmaster, and bis 
brother, Amirali, aged 44, was 
one started by either Barrett or 
Murrain, so the judge, Mr 
Justice Henry, had directed 
the jury on Wednesday to find 1 
the pair not -guilty of'i 

At least 4.000 men and 
women are likely to develop 
Aids within the next few years, 
government health experts 
said yesterday. 

Changes in sexual and drag- 
taking behaviour are tbe only 
hope of controlling the dis- 
ease, the Department of 
Health and Social Security 

Tbe public must continue to 
be warned how to avoid the 
fatal risks of infection from 
Aids, tbe Government's chief 
medical officer. Sir Donald 
Acheson, said. 

- In spite of encouraging re- 
search results from a national 
information campaign on tbe 
acquired immune deficiency 
syndrome, there is no room 
for complacency. Sir Donald 

-“We must continue to bring 
home to people what the real 

dangers are so that they know 
how to avoid taking unneces- 
. sary and avoidable risks which 
could lead to their deaths and 
the deaths of others," he said. 

About 20,000 people in 
Britain could now be infected 
with the Aids virus, of whom 
at least 10 to 20 per cent could 
be expected to develop tbe 
disease for which there is no 

By the end of May there 
-were .362 cases of Aids, of 
whom just over half have 
died.- Although- most have 
been male homosexuals and 
bisexuals, an increasing pro- 
portion of those infected are 
intravenous drag abusers and 
more cases are likely to devel- 
op through heterosexual con- 
tact, the department said. 

. . It .gave a warning that 
transmission -of the infection 
between men and women has 

become the normal mode in 
centra] Africa 

Research by the department 
has shown that most people 
still believe there is much 
confusing advice about the 
disease. “We have to dispel 
the myths," Sir Donald said. 

“Success can only be mea- 
sured by the extent to which 
people actually do change 
their behaviour and slop 
putting themselves and others 
at risk. ' 

Sir Donald said there is a 
general improvement in pub- 
lic knowledge and under- 
standing of the disease 
because of the Government's 
publicity campaign. 

The research findings come 
from an interim report pro- 
duced for die DHSS by the 
British Market Research Bu- 
reau on attitudes to the disease 
and to the campaign: 


. 000 ! 

J UST tea years from dok , you too could wake up with a bi^ 
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m just 10 jean time. As you will see &t»n tbe table, tbe rewanis 
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Implication realized • Working under stress • Methods criticized 

Decision that minister 
could be thwarted by 
any means ‘was wrong 

The following ate extracts 
from the defence committee s 

rC ^VVc5tland is a relatively 
small company. Even in view 
of the substantial problems 
which the firm faced, it would 
have been reasonable to ex- 
pect the Government to have 
had no difficulty in agreeing 
and implementing its policy 
towards Westland, especially 
given the Government’s stat- 
ed principle that the company 
should be free to decide its 
own Allure: 

Yet between the start of our 
inquiry on December IS, 
1 985, and the second occasion 
on which we took evidence, on 
January 21. 1986. attempts, to 
agree upon government policy 
towards the company had set 
in motion a train of events 
which resulted in: 

The disclosure to the press 
of a classified document con- 
taining the advice of a Law 
Officer, without the knowl- 
edge of the Law Officer con- 

This was the point at which 
winning the support of 
Westland's shareholders, not 
convincing the Government, 
became the primary concern 
of Sir John and his board. 

The Government was now 
in a situation where its colleo 
live — or at any rate major- 
ity — view had been expressed 
to the House by the Secretary 
of State for Trade and Indus- 

The view was in essence 
that, while the Government 
had ensured that there was an 
alternative. European, offer 
for the company to consider, 
the company had at all times 
preferred the UTC-Sikorsky- 
Fiat option. 

The Secretary of Stale for 
Defence, on the other hand, 
held a different view. 

He believed that the Euro- 
pean proposal was better. As 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
he was entitled to take a view 
about the future of what the 
Prime Minister had described 

cemed but at the instigation of as a “key defence contractor” 
a Cabinet minister, an inquiry despite the feet that he was not 

into this disclosure carried out 
by the Secretary of the Cabi- 
net. the resignation of the 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
a ministerial statement by the 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry, who returned to 
the House later in the day to 
correct that statement, a pub- 
lic controversy about the ve- 
racity of the Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry and 
the chief executive of one of 

the sponsoring minister. 

He also believed that a 
Sikorsky partnership with 
Westland would not only 
jeopardize relations between 
Westland and other European 
helicopter companies, to the 
detriment ofa number of joint 
projects, but also damage the 
prospects for allied efence 
collaboration with Europe. 

In addition, for Westland to 
make under licence helkop- 

“ihe possibility, whether on 
their own initiative or because 
of a chance request from me, 
they [DTI officials! may well 
have actually taken the initia- 
tive with other people”. 

Mr Brittan apparently 
thought it was proper for 
officials to be expected to 
make similar telephone calls 
on their own initiative in 
circumstances where, had he 
himself done so, it would have 
been “open to 

This indicates an attitude of 
mind which wasat the heart of 
the disclosure of the Solicitor- 
General's letter. 

It is obvious that the view 
was taken in government, and 
particularly tn the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry, 
that the Secretary of State for 
Defence had breached collec- 
tive ministerial responsibility 
and was quite openly continu- 
ing to do so. 

This was in part correct 
The consequent assumption 
that if Mr Heseltine's resigna- 
tion was not to be required, he 
could be thwarted by any 
means, carinot be justified. 

On December 24 the Minis- 
try of Defence wrote to Lloyds 
Merchant Bank, representing 
the European Consortium, 
saying that only by joining and its employees, 
that consortium would West- 

i The evidence Is that the action of 
the Prime Minister’s Office on . 

January 6 in relation to the 
disclosure was without her direct 
authority . . . We accept this 9 

6 We do not doubt that Sir Robert 
accurately reported what he was 
told in his inquiry, but we do hope 
that his credulity was as sorely 
taxed as ours 9 

6 Mr Ingham undoubtedly realized 
the implication of what was about to 
t a leg place and wished to distance 
No 10 and the Prime Minister from 
the consequences 9 

tance to the company in 
making its decision as to what 
course it was best to follow in 
the interests of the company 

the largest companies in the. ters that had been designed tn 
country, an Opposition day tire United States would, be 

debate, a statement by the 
Prime Minister, a Standing 
Order No 10 debate and the 
resignation of the Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry. 

The reasons for the 
Government's feverish activi- 
ty over Westland are of course 
complex; but so far as it is 
possible to identify any partic- 
ular cause, it must be the 
conviction of Mr Michaei 
Heseitine, tire former Secre- 
tary of State for Defence, that 
tire intention of the Westland 
board to seek a partnership 
with UTC-Sikorsfcy would be 
against the defence interests of 
the United Kingdom. 

The Westianq board met on 
the evening of Friday, Decem- 
ber 13, and decided to ap- 
prove the capital 
reconstruction of the compa- 
ny involving Sikorsky and 
Fiat. After the board meeting 
Sir John Cuckney [chairman 
of the board] wrote to the 
Prime Minister conveying the 
board's decision. 

thought, damage the defence 
industrial base in the United 

The Government was now 
treated to the unusual specta- 
cle of one of its number, 
supported by the resources of 
his department, pursuing a 
policy which was diametrical- 
ly opposed to the 
Government's slated policy. 

We think it strange that Mr 
Brittan allowed himself to be 
put in what he regarded as an 
impossible position and we 
are surprised at the means he 
chose to extricate himself 

Mr Brittan told u$ that he 
thought that if he were to give 
the facts about the situation 
this would be “open to 
misconstruction”, but that if 
his officials were to do so no 
misunderstanding would 
arise. This view suggests an 
extraordinary interpretation 
of the relationship between 
ministers and officials. 

Mr Brittan did not exclude 

land be in a position to take 
the British share of European 
helicopter projects. 

Sir John Cuckney wrote on 
December 30 to the Prime 
Minister to ask, in view of her 
answer of December 19 that 
major procurement decisions 
were a matter for tire Govern- 
ment as a whole, “if Westland 
would no longer be considered 
a European company by the 
Government if a minority 
shareholding in the company 
were held by a major interna- 
tional grou from a Nato 
country outside Europe”. 

The Prime Minister told the 
House on January 23 that her 
reply to Sir John's letter “was 
accordingly considered among 
the departments concerned, 
and tire text of my tetter of 
January I 1986 was agreed in 
detail by my right hon and 
learned friend the Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
my right bon friends the then 
Secretary of State for Defence 
and Chief Secretary to the 
Treasury, and finally by my 
hon and learned friend tire 
Solicitor General”. 

The Prime Minister also 
told the House that the ques- 
tion posed by Sir John "was 
one of fundamental impor- 

The Army can help 

educate your offspring. 
In more ways than one. 

The Army needs w»Q educated 
Officers and weYe prepared to Help 
bright people up the ladder of 

A way to A’ levels. 

We will help boys and girls who 
have the qualities of potential 
Officers while they study for'A’levels, 
with a grant of X2o0 a term. 

When they pass their ‘A’ level 
exams they’re guaranteed aplace at 
Sandhurst and paid the going rate 
while they're being trained. 

levels they too are guaranteed a 
place at Sandhurst 

And yet another. 

JFyou have atechnicallyniinded 
son between the ages of 16 and I7!» 
and he can meet the requirements 
for a Science Scholarship (see box) 
he could be eligible for Welbeck. 

training course at Sandhurst to 
confirm their commission. 


Interviews are held in the Spring 
and Autumn for boys, and just in 
the Autumn for girls. The purpose 
is to discover whether applicants 
have the potential to become Army 

At the time of their application 
theymust be be tween 16 years and 
16 years 6 months. And must have, 
or be expecting, at least five high 
grade "O' levels, including English 
Language. Maths and a science or 
foreign language. 


The applicant must have excellent 
grades in 'O' level Maths. Physics. 
English and at least two other sub- 
jects. And have the ability to con- 
vince an interview board that he 
has got what it takes to be an 
Army Officer. 


The applicant must be over 17 and 
intend to graduate before 25: be 
at or have been promised a place 
at, a university, polytechnic or 
college of higher education; be able 
to pass the Army's 3 -day Officer 
Selection Board and be witling to 
serve at least 5 years as an Officer 
(including the course at Sandhurst). 

However, this doesn’t preclude 

Another way. 

Boys who are already embarked 
on A level courses in Maths and the 
sciences can apply for one of the 
thirty Science Scholarships we 
award each Spring 

The object is to help potential 
Officers on their way to a career in 
one of the Army's technical corps 
with a scholarship for one year at 
.£250 a term. 

(Boys from both fee-paying 
and non fee-paying schools are 

When they complete their 'A' 

Welbeck is an exclusive, resi- 
dential, 6th form college in the 
Nottinghamshire countryside nm by 
the Army. 

The curriculum is designed to 
equip students for careers as Officers 
in the technical corps. 

Again, on completion oPA’ levels, 
the student is guaranteed a place at 

Abouttwo thirds of the students 
go on to complete a degree course, 
the majority at Shrn-enham, the 
Royal Military College of Science, 
although some may compete for 
places at a civil university 

Two other ways to 
a university degree. 

If your son aims to get a degree 
and wishes to become a Regular 
Arniy Offices he can try for an Under- 
graduate Cadetship. 

The requirements are demand- 
ing but successful applicants get a 
probationary commission and their 
tuition paid, plus at least £5,059 pa. 

When they finish their degree 
course they go on to an Officers 

On the other hand, if your son or 
daughter is already reading for 
a degree, he or she could apply fora 
Bursary This amounts to £900 a 
year; is tax free and additional to any 
education authority grants. 

It is intended to help people who 
want careers as Army Officers to 
complete their degree courses. Appli- 
cants have to meet the challenge of 
the Army’s three-day Officer Selec- 
tion Board. 

On graduation Bursars also do 
the seven months Officer training 
course at Sandhurst Oq completion 
of which they can take up either a3 
year Short Service Commission or a 
Regular Commissioa. 

At Ihe end of a Short Service 
Commission,auseJful tax-free gratu- 
ity is paid. A R^ular Commission is 

Can we help you? 

Write to Majorjohn Floyd, Army 
Officer Entry DeptFB39, Empress 
State Building UHje Road, Tendon 

Tell him your son or daughters 
date of birth, school and academic 
qualifications and we will clarify and 
expand cm what we have to ofTec 

Army Officer 

“It was therefore essential 
to be sure that my reply should 
be m no way misleading to 
anyone who might rely upon it 
in making commercial judg- 
ments and decisions.” 

The Prime Minister's Office 
requested a reply by 4pm on 
Tuesday, December 31. 
cleamed as appropriate with 
the Law Officers. 

By the early evening of 31 
December a draft had been 
agreed, according to Mr (Mj- 
cnael] Heseftine, between the 
DTL foe Law Officers and the 
officials at No 10 and the 
Ministry of Defence. 

: Later that evening he was 
told that a "balancing, 
paragraph” was to be added to 
the letter, although he suggest- 
ed that this came from offi- 
cials at No 10 rather than from 
the Prime Minister. In the 
Prime Minister's letter the 
European anxiety was ex- 
pressed thus: 

“ should be aware of 
indications from European 
governments and- companies 
that they currently take the 
view that a number of projects 
in whjch Westland are expect- 
ing to participate in co-opera- 

tion with other European 
companies may be lost to 
Westland if the United 
Tech no logies/Fiat proposals 
are accepted”. 

The “balancing paragraph” 
said:“It is for you to assess the 
significance of these indica- 
tions. But of course British 
participation. is itself an im- 
portant element in the viabili- 
ty of European collaborative 

“And I.can assure you that, 
whichever of the two propos- 
als currently under consider- 
ation the company choose to 
accept, the Government 
would continue to support 
Westland's wish to participate 
in these projects and would 
resist to the best of its ability 
attempts by others to dis- 
criminate against Westland.” 

On Friday, January 3, Mr 
Heseitine received a letter 
from Mr Horne, a managing 
director of Lloyds Merchant 
Bank. The Ministry of De- 
fence was aware of the terms 
of Mr Horne's letter before it 
was received. 

Mr Horne's letter was re- 
ceived in the Ministry of 
Defence at about I pm; Mr 
Hes4tine Y reply was. deliv- 
ered to Lloyds Merchant Bank, 
at around 2pm. 

In addition, in the course of 
the afternoon Of January 3. 
copies were sent to Westland 
ana to the offices of the Prime 
Minister and of the Secretary 
of State for Trade and Indus- 

Mr Heseitine told us that he 
had no conversations with Mr 
Horne on the matter, but that 
be took full responsibility for 
the conversations that did 
take place; and that be was 
“perfectly prepared to accept 
responsibility that these ques- 
tions could have come from 
the Ministry of Defence”. 

From all this it is dear that 
this letter was solicited by 
officials of the Ministry of 
Defence as a device for mak- 
ing public the material which 
bad been suggested for inclu- 
sion in the Prime Minister's 

had not sent a copy of Mr 
Heseltine's letter, and who 
therefore retied on ’ the text of 
the letter which appeared in 
The Times on the morning of 
January 4 

Mr Brittan “established that 
his view was as stated later in 
his letter of January & in tire 
Prime Minister's words the 
Solicitor General, “on the 
basis of the evidence available 
to him, formed the provision- 
al opinion that the Defence 
Secretary's letter contained 
material inaccuracies which 
needed to be corrected". 

Having ascertained the So- 
licitor General's provisional 
opinion, Mr Brittan commu- 
nicated it to an official of his 
department, who communi- 
cated it to an official at No 10 
at about 7pm in the evening of 
Saturday, January 4. 

When this view was report- 
ed to the Prime Minister she 
took the view that “the matter 
could cfeariy not be left there. 
I therefore, through my office, 
asked him [the Solicitor Gen- 
eral] to consider writing to the 

January 6. the Solicitor Gener- 
al “came into his office and 
refreshed his memory of the 
documents which he had seen 
in connection with the earlier 
phases of the matter”, and 
decided that he would convey 
his opinion in a letter to Mr 

The tetter was signed at 
about I1.15am and was sent 
to the office of the Secretary of 
State for Defence, where it 
arrived about noon. Copies of 
the letter were sent to the 
Prime Minister, the Secretary 
of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs, the 
Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry and die Chief 
Secretary of the Treasury. 

Sir Robert told us that only 
one of the offidals later con- 
cerned with the Solicitor 
General's letter knew that it 
was going to be written. 
Although Sir Robert declined 
to name the official to us, it 
appears from his answers to 
Questions 1910-1912 that the 
official was Mr Charles Pow- 
ell Private Secretary (Over- 
seas Affairs) at 10 Downing 

Miss Colette Bo we 

Defence Secretary to draw that 
opinion to his attention”. 

By the evening of Saturday, 
January 4, at least one official 
in the Department of Trade 
and Industry and at least one 
official in the Prime Minister’s 
Office knew that the Solicitor 
General considered that there 
might be material inaccuracies 
in that letter; and an official at 
No 10 knew that the Prime 

Sir Patrick Maybew 

We were told that this 
official ascertained, presum- 
ably from the Law Officers’ 
Department that the Solicitor 
General was going to write, 
but that the official told no 
one either in NO 10 or in the 
DTI that the letter would be 

Sir Robert told us that the 
DTl’s copy of the Solicitor 

JffihSiSSSr" 1 ^ il H? Ier asked the Solid- GeneraTs letter “came to the 
W We S?fSf letter 

upon the Prime Minister and 
the Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry can have 
been nothing short of incendi- 

Material which three days 
before bad been excluded 
from the Prime Minister’s 
tetter had been sent by a crude 
device, not to the recipient of 
the Prime Minister's letter, the 
chairman of Westland, but to 
the prindpal representative of 
the European Consortium, 
whose case to Westland’s 
shareholders it strengthened. 

The text of Mr Heseltine's 
reply “was not cleared or even 
discussed with the relevant 
Cabinet colleagues”. More- 
over, both Mr Horne's letter 
and Mr Heseltine's reply were 
published that same day. 

The Prime Minister told the 
House on 27 January: 

“On the following day, Sat- 
urday. 4 January. I saw copies 
of the exchange of letters. 

“In view of the very careful 
steps 1 bad taken to dear my 
letter to Sir John Cuckney 
with the departments con- 
cerned, and with the 
SolicitorGeneraL I made in- 
quiries to find out whether the 
Defence Secretary's letter had 
been cleared in the same way 
.with the Department ofTrade 
and Industry and with the 
Law Officers- It bad not. 

“In view of the continuing 
need for accuracy and consis- 
tency in government state- 
ments. I asked that a message 
be sent to my right hon and 
[earned friend the then Sects- 

H of Slate for Trade and 
istry, as the sponsoring 
minister for Westland, to sug- 
gest that he should ask the 
Solicitor Genera! to consider 
— the Defence Secretary’s 
letter and give his opinion on 
whether ft was accurate and 
consistent with my own letter 
to Sir John Cuckney". 

On Saturday. January 4. Mr 
Brittan accordingly spoke to 
the Solicitor General, to 
whom the Ministry of Defence 

ing to the Secretary of State for 
Defence to bring this to his 

An official at the DTI was 
aware that the possibility of 
asking the Solicitor Genera to 
write was under consider- 
ation. At least one official in 
the Law Officers' Department 
was also aware of the situation 
as a result of having handled 
the request 

Sir Robert Armstrong [Sec- 
retary of the Cabinet] thought 
that the DTI and No 10 had an 
equal chance of anticipating 
that the Solicitor General 
would write to Mr Heseitine, 
although be did not think that 
No 10 could have been 100 
per cent sure that the Solicitor 
General would write, “f do not 
think that anybody knew he 
was going to write; I do not 
think he himself knew he was 
going to write until he went 
into the office on Monday 
morning” [January 6]. 

At about KUO pm on the 
night of Saturday, January 4. 
the Solicitor General spoke to 
Mr Heseitine on the tele- 
phone. He outlined his con- 
cern. saying that on the 
evidence before him Mr 
Heseitine had written some- 
thing which was not substanti- 
ated. Mr Heseitine told us that 
his response was “I’ve got no 

State's Private Secretary [Mr 
John Mogg], at around one 
o'clock or shortly before, after 
the Secretary of State had left 
fora luncheon engagement It 
happened that at the time 
when the letter came into the 
office the Lender Secretary in 
charge of Air Division [Mr 
John Michell], was in the 
Private Office, so that both of 
them saw the letter more or 
less together. 

“Both saw the significance 
of the tetter and the impor- 
tance, if indeed there were 
inaccuracies in the Defence 
Secretary’s tetter of January 3, 
of getting that feet into the 
public domain as soon as 
possible and before the press 
conference which was due to 
be held at four o'clock”. 

Both Mr Michel? and Mr 
Mogg would have been aware 
of Sir John’s wish for the 

DTL was therefore also 

The feet that she was alerted 
to the receipt of the letter and 
was present at that stage 
suggests that before consulting 
the Secretary of Slate and 
before speaking to No 10 the 
officials had in mind that 
some public use of the infor- 
mation contained in the tetter 
was indicated. 

When the copy of the 
Solicitor General's letter ar- 
rived in the Prime Ministers 
Office one copy was made. 
When the copy of the letter 
arrived in the Department of 
Trade and Industry eight 
copies were made. The Secre- 
tary of the Cabinet told us that 
he did not know to whom the 
copies of the letter were 
distributed in the DTL 

Since the Solicitor General's 
letter was a document classi- 
fied confidential, it is surpris- 
ing that no record was made of 
those to whom the copies were 
then distributed. This omis- 
sion completely defeated the 
purpose of recording how 
many copies were made of this 
classified document. Sir Rob- 
ert pointed out that some 
copies of the letter may have 
been made after the disclosure 
of the letter to the Press 
Association. - 

Sir Robert told us that a few 
minutes after 1.00pm Mr 
Mogg tried to contact No 10 
“toltnd out whether they had 
seen their copy of the Solicitor 
General's letter and what their 
reaction was” The line of the 
Private Secretary, presumably 
Mr Powell was engaged. 

Sir Robert told us: “The 
Private Secretary [at the DTL 
Mr Mogg] thereupon rang the 
Secretary of State up. on the 
telephone at his luncheon 
engagement and he put the 
matter up to him. The evi- 
dence which I received sug- 
gests that he put it to him 

“He read the letter over to 
the Secretary of State, and he 
said that the question we have 
to consider is whether the feet 
that the Solicitor General has 
written and the opinion he has 
expressed should come into 
the public domain and if so 
whether that should be in 
general or specific terms. 

"My inquiry suggests that, 
there was no advice, he [the 
Secretary of State] was pre- 
sented with the issue and- 
asked for a decision Those 
who heard this call and who- 
took part in it have said it was 
put to him — and I think the 
phrase was ‘deadpan*. 

“The Secretary of State 
responded that he thought it 
should go into the public 
domain and that it should be 
done in specific terms but that 
No 10, the Prime Minister's 
Office, should be consulted.” 

The Prime Minister has told 
the House that this conversa- 
tion took place at about 
1.30 pm. Sir Robert told us 
that the conversation took 
place at “quarter past, twenty 
past one. something around 

matter of possible inaccura- a bout that time; ii is impossi- 
cies in Mr Heseftine’s letter to ble 10 say exacl times but near 
be cleared up before the enough”. 

Westland press conference Tlie Prime Minister told the 
that afternoon. House that Mr Brittan: “asked 

Sir Rnfvrr .* h Ki officials to discuss wjih my ■ 

. . r Kooert later told us tn office whether the disclosure 
his memorandum that “all the should be 

General’s letter in the Secre- "HeZfflr 
lary of State's private office at - ■■ m - rt dear lhal - 

problem atoti tthat because SSmi WSS JaS5 ? subjeam the agreement ofm? 
in the office I will have the As well as Mr Mif-h<»u 1 he was giving authority 

evidence that you wanL” No 
official in the Prime Minister's 
Office or in the DTI was aware 
that this conversation bad 
taken place. 

On Sunday. January 5, Sir 
John Cuckney was informed 
"in strict confidence that it 
seemed possible that Mr 
Heseltine's letter might con- 
tain material inaccuracies, but 
that the matter was still under 
consideration”. Sir John said 
that it was very important to 
Westland that the matter 
should be cleared up before 
the company's press confer- 
ence the following aftemoon.- 

On the morning of Monday. 

if it was not 
10 Downing 

head^of inform., £ J°£ ^{ 523 ^™°"'"'' 

made from 

Mr Brittan told us: “I would 
particularly stress, it all had to 
m Ihe agreement of 

No 10. Although Sir Robert's 
inquiry found that Mr Brittan 
probably did not use the' 
words “subject to the agree- 
me !L l , h . e nevertheless used 
words which were taken to 
mean that. 

AUhwjri, Mr Brittan took 
the view th al (fle feci that the 
Solicitor General had written 

Continued mi page 5, col 1 

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Conflict of evidence 


Thatcher’s defence • Bowe’s reservations 

hUME iNnwa 


Westland report seeks inter-department board M 

. By George Hill 

A ministerial board to pre- 
tent conflicts between the 
department^ of trade and de- 
fence over military procane- 
meat strategy is called for by 
the Commons defence commit- 
tee in its report on the West- 
land affair, published 

The report goes a Qualified 
endorsement to the dams 
made during the controversy 
by Mr Michael Heseltine, the 
former Secretary of State for 
Defence, that an association 
between the Westteudbeficop- 
ter company aad a consortium 
Of European companies might 
have served Britain's broad 
defence interests best. 

ft finds, however, that the 
link with the American UTC- 
Sikorsky group preferred by 
the directors of the straggling 
company won kT erase little 
danKBjge to European helicop- 
ter procurementiand that It 
would have been for the Gov- 
ernment to step in if it had 
misgivings about what was a 
legitimate commercial judge- 
ment by the company. 

The committee rejects the 
view of Mr Leon Britton, the 
then Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry, - that 
Britain's defence interest was 
solely in obtaining equipment 
of the right sort and at a 
reasonable price. 

“We do not agree with such 
a narrow definition of defence 

interests,” the report says. “If 
collaboration results in a* 
greater defence capability 
than would otherwise have 
been possible, then it is in the 
deface interest to pursue ft" 

The committee considers 
. worthwhile tike wider aim of 
maintain! ug an industrial ca- 
pacity in Europe to meet fts 
essential defence needs. How- ' 
ever, ft adds, fostering Europe- 
an .Industry may involve 
difficult Industrial and em- 
ployment decisions. 

The affair reinforces the 
defence committee's view, hi 
1981 that “collaboration be- 
tween the Ministry of Defence 
and the Department of Trade 
and Industry is not as dose as 
it should her ft says. 

The matter impels the com- . 

mittee to renew its call for re- 

examinathm of the 1971 

it says. Tim call for the board, 
to oversee collaboration be- 
tween the two departments, 
was rejected by the Govern- 

“Subsequent events have 
tended to reinforce the previ- 
ous committee's judgement 
rather -than the Government's 
reassurance,” ft says. Rela- 
tions between the two depart- - 
merits were often under severe 
strain during the controversy. 

“It is perhaps ironic that 
—the two departments had, 
through their then Secretaries 
of State, taken over each 


t v + Ha 


iMm m&m 

Lr . ^ s » w r^r, 4 : 

p^£»T .-.--c.- 

• «»»>, . ... . 

otiier's normal objectives.** 
After an exchange of weuww 
masters between the two, the 
Ministry at Defence appeared 
extremely concerned to get 
value for money, while the 
Department of Trade -and 
Indastry' was “largely con- 

cerned with the wider indastri- 
al implications**. . 

“It may well be that both 
Mr Heseitiae and the board of 
Westland were at least ia part 
correct,’’ the report says. “The 
association with UTC-Sflcor- 
sky seems Gkety to meet the 

commercial needs of the com- 
pany. On the other hand, 
though we believe that the 
associati on with UTC-Sikor- 
sky will m itself canse little' 
to European hriicop- 
ter proca rem ent, an associa- 
tion with the European 

consortium might in the long 
term have better served the 
broader defence .interests of 
the United Kingdom. 

. “Whether or not the board 
was coned in its commercial 
judgement, ft had the right and 

the responsibility to make and 
defend that judgement. As 
directors of a private-sector 
company, the board of West- 
land had no latitude to over- 
ride their commercial 
judgement for considerations 
of national interest" 

The committee expresses 
cont in uing suspicions that an 
attempt was made by overseas 
buyers to acquire control of 
Westland by an nndedared 
“Concert party” device, in spite 
of the negative findings of a 
Stock Exchange investigation. 

A “concert party” is a 
collaboration to seek control of 
a company by buying shares 
without any of the collabora- 
tors baying enough to have to 
disclose their identity under- 
stock Exchange roles. 

“The ramiifttfc found it 
difficult to understand why 
overseas buyers should con- 
sider It worth their while in 

order to gain voting rights to 
pay substantially above the 
market price. It is not beyond 
the bonhds of possibility that 
there are six such ingenuous 
foreigners ra the world, but the 
co mmi tt e e’s credulity was suf- 
ficiently strained to .be 
sceptical,” it says. . 

The report considers in 

detail the effect of Westland's 
American fink on each of -the 
European helicopter projects 
involved, and finds that the 
only one at risk of serious 
harm is the Nate NH90 
support helicopter, now at the 
stage of feasibility studies, 
with a vkw to entering service 
in die mid-1990s. The Sikor- 
sky-Westland Black Hawk 
would be a competitor with it 
m its early fife. 

“However ft is imposrible to 
be snre that, had Westland's 
shareholders chosen the Euro- 
pean capital reconstruction, 
there would not have been 
doubt abont the involvement of 
the United Kingdom in the 
N190 programme,'” it says. 

The British-Italian EH 101 
project for a 13-tonne multi- 
use machine - “so# the most 
secure of aB the coflaborative 
helicopter projects . in 
Europe” - appears not to have 
been put at risk, despite the 
misgivmgs of Mr Heseltme. 

Britain's Italian paitners in 
die A-129 light attack helicop- 
ter project also seem unper- 
turbed about Westland's new 
partner. As for the slowty- 
moving negotiations over a 
four-nation battfefieU helicop- 
ter, tike committee does not 
believe that the. company's 
new link “has had any effect 
one way or the other” . 

The Defence. Implications of 
the Future of Westland pic. 
Third Report from the defence 
committee (Stationery Office; 
£ 6 ). 

Four officials not 
capable of making 
identical errors 5 

Coutioned from page 4 

as wefl as the opinion he 
expressed should be brought 
into the public domain, he did 
not express a view about the 
method of disclosure. Sir Rob- 
ert doubted whether he was 
consulted about the precise 

Mr Briuan has made dear 
bis view that the officials in 
the DTI acted with his fall 
authority. “They are not to be 
Warned,” he told the House. 
He said in evidence to us: “I 
accept folly responsibility for 
wbat was done and would not 
suggest for a single moment 
that my instructions were 
anything other than 
followed ... I accept foil re- 
sponsibility but also in the 
sense that I am not suggesting 
that they went in any way 
beyond what I authorized 
them to do.” _ t . . . 

Nothing could bp^clearer. 
From the point of view of his 
inquiry. Sir Robert considered 
that authority for the disclo- 
sure was given by the Secre- 
tary of State for Trade and 

Mr Brittaft then went back 
to bis luncheon and Mr Mogg 
telephoned Mr Powell at 
Downing Street. This conver- 
sation was shortly followed by 
a conversation between Mr 
Bernard Ingham, chief press 
secretary at 10 Downing 
Street, and Miss Bowe at the 
DTL Mr Mogg's first concern, 
as it had been Mr Britten's, 
must have been to convey to 
the Prime Minister’s Office 
Mr Britten’s view that he 
would prefer the disclosure of 
the letter to come from No 10. 
This was understandable, giv- 
en that what was proposed 
was to publish a classified 
document originated by an- 
other minister. 

llshould be noted that if Mr 
Briuan s preference had been 
observed by the officials at Np 
10. Mr Brittan's authority 
would not have been needed. 
It would have been a matter 
entirely for the Prime 
Minister's Office. If they bad 
to make the disclosure, they 
might have consulted the 
Prime Minister, who was in 
No lOatthetirae. 

The officials at Nfr 10 
refused to make the dislosure. 
Sir Robert tokl us, a trifle 
euphemistically, that Mr 
Ingham and Mr Powell 
“accepted” that the DTI 
should make the disclosure, ft 
is evident to us that the DTI 
officials were told that a 
disclosure from Downing 
Street was out of the question. 
They knew that the letter 
contained advice from a Law 
Officer, they knew that ft was 

Its disclosure without the 
knowledge of the minister 
concerned, particularly by the 
means that were then agreed 
between the two offices, would 
be a wholly improper course 
of action: indeed, an action of 
which Mr Brinan said to the 
House: “I accept that .the 
disclosure of that information, 
urgent and important as it 
was, should not have taken 
place in that way, and I 
profoundly regret that it 

Mr Brinan was emphatic 
about the need for the Prime 
Minister's Office to approve 
the disclosure: “I would par- 
ticularly stress, it all h8d 10 be 
subjeclto ihe agreement of No 

If that approval [of No 101 
were to be forthcoming, his 
direct authority would be 
required for. the disclosure to 
be handled by his department 
if that was what the Prime 
Minister warned 
This direct authority his 
officials had already received 
They’ also believed that they 
had received from No 10 

approval for the disclosure. 

The disclosure of the infor- 
mation now became the par- 
ticular concern of Mr Ingham 
as the principal information 
officer erf the Government. He 
spoke on the telephone to 
Miss Bowe, shortly after Mr 
Mogg had talked to Mr 

The Cabinet Secretary told 
us that what took place m the 
telephone dls between, the 
DTI and No 10 . Downing 
Street was. in Sir Robert's 
elegant phrase, “a difference 
of understanding” about ex- 
actly what was being sought 
and what was being given. 

. He told us that, he 
was“absolutely clear that offi- 
cials in No 10 did not believe, 
from the conversations^ that 
they were being asked to 
convey .an agreement on 
which the Secretary of State’s 
authorin' was conditional” , - 
$£eiiftr Brittan had particu- 
iariy emphasized to Mr Mogg 
that Ins authority was indeed 
given on condition that No 40 
agreed ■ ■ 

*. ft is not possible that four 
extremely able officials in lay 
positions would have been 
capable of identical misunder- 
standings of this sort in two 
separate telephone conversa- 

But it is for more likely that 
Mr Ingham realized very -well 
that what was being sought 
was not agreement but author- 
ity for the disclosure, the 
authority of No 10 and so of 
the Prime Minister, and this 
he refused to countenance. * 

It seems likley that he 
thought that if the Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry 
wished 10 see the Solicitor 
General's letter in the public 
domain, and had said that it 
was now up 10 the DTI to get 
on with it Since the 
“agreement” of No 10 was, in 
the very strictest sente, mean- 
ingless, Mr Brittan ? s condition 
could be ignored 

Sir Robert Armstrong said 
charitably that ft was the fact 
that the DTI was the sponsor- 
ing department for Westland 
“that led to No 10 saying that 
the disclosure should be made 
by the DTI”. 

ft will be recalled that this 
was the reason given as 10 why 
the Prime Minister asked Mr 
Brittan 10 ' consult the Solicitor 
General about Mr Heseltine's 
letter of January 3. 

As far as the disclosure of 
the Solicitor General's letter 
was concerned, however, Mr 
Ingham undoubtedly realized 
the implication of what was 
about to take place and wished 
to distance No 10 and the 
Prime Minister from the 

The method of disclosure 
that was adopted, the 
uoattribntable communica- 
tion of tendentious extracts 
from the letter, was disreputa- 

Both the Prime Minister 
and Mr Brittan agreed that the 
method of disclosure was 
wrong and regretted that ft 
had been done in that way. We 
have noted that Mr Briuan 
did not express a view about 
the method of disclosure that 
was to be adopted- 

Sir Robert's evidence indi- 
cated that the method of 
disclosure was agreed in the 
telephone call between Mr 
Ingham and Miss Bowe. Sir 
Robert also told us: 

“The Prime Minister’s of- 
fice was consulted about the 
method of disclosure: they did 
nor give instructions, but they 
agreed that the only practica- 
ble way of getting the fact that 
the Solicitor General had writ- 
ten and the gist of what be had 
said in this letter into the 
public domain within the time 
constraint of the 4pm deadline 
was the method that was 
eventually adopted. 


-»V ■ ; i >• f 

'T'S v'.'r 
1 %; 

Report ‘confirms that 
meeting was cancelled 9 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent , 

€ As Secretary of State for 
Defence, Mr Heseltme was 
entitled to take a view about the 
fhtnre despite the fact that he 
was not tiie sponsoring 
X' ' Minister # 

6 We think it strange that Mr 
Brittan allowed himself to be put 
In an impossible position and we 
: are surprised at the means he 
chose to extricate'hhtisetfirom ; 
' ■ it* 

•*The^videnqe pven 10 my 
inquiry does not suggert that 
any .other method of disclo- 
sure was seriously considered, 
given the time constraint.” 

There is an important con- 
flict of evidence here. 

We were told that Miss 
Bowe had grave reservations 
about disclosing the Solicitor 
General's letter in the way that 
was adopted. 

' We were told that the 
method of disclosure was 
agreed between Mr Ingham 
and Miss Bowe; yet we have 
also been told that Mr Ingham 
did not give instructions. 

It would have been strange 
indeed if Miss Bowe suggested 
and then agreed a method of 
disclosure which she thought 
was so improper that within 
the hour die wished to consult 
her Permanent Secretary. 

' Either this is another differ- 
ence 'in understanding, in 
which* what Mr Ingham un- 
derstood to be a suggestion 
was interpreted by Miss Bowe 
as an instruction, or other 
instructions from Mr Ingham 
were misunderstood in some 
way in the DTL 
On a more important point, 
ft is quite extraordinary that 
five senior officials accepted 
apparently without demur 
that giving extracts from the 
Solid tor GeneraTs letter to the 
Press Association was “the 
only way to do it in the time”. 

The Prime Munster told the 
House than“it was especially 
important in this situation for 
statements made on behalf of 
the Government on which 
commercial judgments might 
be based, to be accurate and in 
no way misleading. 

“That beign so, ft was a 
mater of duty that ft should be 
made known publicly that 
there were thought to be 
material inaccuracies which 
needed to be corrected in [Mr 
Hesel line's J letter’'. 

The “deadline” which was 
supposed to be in everyone's 

miod was 4pm that day. the 
start 4>f-the Westland -press 

it was the company which 
had first drawn the 
Government's attention to 
differences between the De- 
fence Secretary's letter of Jan- 
uary 3 and the Prime 
Minister’s letter of January I, 
and it was the chairman of the 
company who had said to an 
official of the DTI on January 
5 that it was very important to 
Westland that the matter 
should' be cleared np before 
the press conference the next 

Yet the information was 
given first to the Press 

The officials who readied 
the judgment on January 6 
that giving the information to 
the ness Association was the 
only way of making it public at 
the time made a wrong deci- 
sion. . ‘ 

They were, to be' fair, work- 
ing m circumstances of some 
stress and difficulty. However, 
if they wished to make the 
matter public in the very 
quarter where the Govern- 
ment believed that the infor- 
mation was needed they could 
simply have telephoned West- 
land; one of the officials 
concerned did indeed tele- 
phone Sir John Cucfcney “in 
the early part of ' that 

Since the information was 
passed fay! telephone to West- 
land in any event, the reason 
given by the Prime Minister 
for releasing the infomation to 
the Press Association begins ' 
to look flimsy, to say the leasu 

Sir John told us that the 
information made no 
differene to his policy at the 
press conference. 

At about 2pm on Monday, 
January 6, Miss Bowe tele- 
phoned the chief 'political 
correspondent of the Press 
Association and, in Sir Robert 
Armstrong's words, “told the 

Pres Association .that .foe 
Solicitor' Geneibl hid written 
this' letter and~in summary 
what views were ex pr e s se d in 

The materia] appeared on 
the Press Association tape at 
2.53pm, and was seized upon 
by the broadcasting organiza- 
tions and newspapers. 

Although in a second letter 
on January. 6 Mr Heseftme 
told the European consortium J 
that further evidence support- 
ing his own view had not been 
before the Solicitor General 
and that his earlier letter was 
correct, front page headlines 
the following day ranged from 
“Heseltme told by Law Chief 
Stick to the Facts” in The 
Times to "Yon Liar!” in The 

We have already comment- 
ed adversely on the ways in 
which Mr.Heseltihe was trying ; 
to advance the interests of the • 
European consortium, 

. It is dear tht the passages ‘ 
chosen for selective disclosure 
from the Scdidtor GeneraTs 
letter were calculated to do the 
maximum damag e to Mr 
Heseftine’s case and to his 
personal credibility. 

On the selection of extracts. 
Sir Robert Armstrong told us 
that“Tbere was not a question 
of releasing the whole text. 

“I think ft was semi-verba- 
tim but not absolutely verba- 
tim; dearly some words were 
used which came. from the 
letter_I think the DTI offi- 
cials concerned marked those 
bits which needed to p be dis- 
closed in order to comply with 
what their Secretary of State 
said be wanted in the public 
domain: the fed that the 
Solicitor GeneraTs tetter had 
been written and the opinion 
he expressed.” 

The Prime Minister has 
repeatedly told the House that 
the reason for the disdosuxe 
was in order to get the 
information that there was a 
possible inaccuracy in Mr 

Mfr Michael Hesdtine said 
yesterday that * The'.' report 
broadly supported his actions 
daring the Westland affair. 
..In particular, be said, the 
report that the cru- 

cial tefw ni a r 13 Cabinet 
m ee t in g was cancelled. 

“The critical issae that led 
to my re si gnati o n arose once 
my cofleagnes had given me 
the responsibility to fold a 
solution in December. Was 1 
allowed the fall and proper 
nght of a Cabinet minister to 
report back to my coUeagtts?. 
.~“Tbe report shows that I 
was not, and I fed bo alterna- 
tive in those cftdmistances but 
Id resign.” ’ • 

On the question of whether 
the Government had a Europe- 
an policy Mr Hesdtine said: 
“As Secretary of State for 
Defence I was responsible for 
a- strong hnpetas -behind it 
tend European co-ordination 
to - our defence 'cewmnfinenfr 
procarement poBc^ -TTuswas- 
dearfy set oat in foe-defence 

i>P - W 1 * 

White Paper of 1985 and the 
European, helicopter agree- 
ment of 1978. The committee 
supports foe thrust of . that 
policy.” . 

Mr Heseftme added: “As 
the controversy unfolded I was 
bitterly critical of the behav- 
iour of some shareholders and 
reported foe matter to foe 
Stock Exchange ConnriL Hie 
report gives their impression 
that there was a concert party 
and that it was an acceptable 
that foe fatnre of a pnbtic 
company important : to. fo£ 
defence interests iff the. UK 
should be derided on foe votes 
of anonymous shareholders. 

“That remains the position 
today as it did in the crucial 
period of foe Westland deri- 
sions. It is what I have 
consisteiitiy said.” 

Mr -Heseftme said foe re- 
port also confimed:foat' there 
was no case -lor -him. to 
intervened the affimr sooner 
rtww be did. 

Heseltuie’s fetferof Jam&ry3 the.. , cpmiqittee \ reports- as 
Gilo the public fftimaln'by thfc:. folMvS:]_' ’ . 

accordingly told a repre- feet that ministers have not 
ative of the Press made themselves fully ac- 

company was also informed. 
The info rmati on WES OQ the 
Press .Association' tapes at 

“My right bon and learned 
friend the Secretary of state for 
Trade and Industry was, in my 

. This is. particularly the case 
when the names of individuals 
are widely canvassed in the 
press and elsewhere but a 
fiction of anonymity is main- 
tained by ministers and offi- 
cials In the House in evidence 

judgment, right in thinking to select committees, 
that it was important that the Ministers may express re- 
possible existence of material gret at the naming of individ- 
inaccuracies in the letter of ' ual- officials in proceedings of 
January 3 by the then Secre- the House. Yet when' the. 
tary of State for . Defence , conduct of individual officials 
should become a matter of is a matter of general corn- 
public knowledge; if posable menf and controversy, minis- 
before Sir' John Cockney's lers discharge their obligatiOfis 
press conference at 4pm that to officials by satisfying the 
day.” House - that those officials 

“Because there was a possi- have behaved properly, 
ble inaccuracy, ft was impor- Officials who do their duty 
taut to get accurate have a right to expect that 
inforamtion into the public support from their ministers. 

domain in time for the meet- if ministers cannot demon- 
ing at four o'clock. strate that officials have be- 

“I told the House on Janu- haved properly, the question 
ary 23 — ft was accepted — .■ of disciplinary proceedings 
that the Department ofTradc arise. 

and Industry should disclose ‘ ' It is' often' argued that 
the feet that the then Defence officials cannot reply to 
Secretary's letter, of January 3 ^charges made against them fn 

told the House on Janu- haved properly, the question 
23 — ft was accepted— .-of discipunazy proceedings 

Chronology of events 

was thought by the 
SoliritorGeneral to contain 
material inaccuracies which 

proceedings in the House. We 
respond io this argument in 
the last two saliences of this 

September 26, 1985: Sikorsky 
announces bid for 29 per coat 
of financially troubled 

November 26, 1985: Mr Mi- 
chael Heseltine, Secretary of 
State for Defence, offers Sir 
John Cuckney, chairman of 
Westland, help in exploring 
European alternative. 
November 29, 1985: National 
armaments directors of UK, 
France, West Germany and 
Italy, meeting in London, 
recommend that their govern- 
ments should cover helicopter 
needs solely by aircraft de- 
signed and built in Europe. 
December 9, 1985: The Cabi- 
net economic strategy sub- 
committee gives Mr Heseltine 
until December 1 3 to come up 
with European alternative 

needed to be corrected and report 

that, in view of the urgency of ' On the question of accoont- 

Deeember 13, 1985c European 
consortium proposals rejected 
by Westland beard. 

December 19, 1985: Cabinet 
decides that ministers should 
not lobby for either side and 
derision left to Westland. • 

Jammy 3, 1986: Mr Hesdtine 
writes to Lloyds Merchant 
Bank with copy to Sir John 
claiming as “materially 
misleading” a DTI reply on 
Westland's position if Sikor- 
sky deal accepted. 

January 6. 1986: Sir Patrick 
Mayhew. the Solicitor Gener- 
al, writes to Mr Heseltine that 
his letter contained “material 

1 ! I 

I k,. .. 

inaccuracies” Passages from 
Sir Patrick’s letter leaked with- 
in hours to the Press 

January 9, 1986: Mr Heseltine 
resigns from Cabinet. 

January 24, 1986: Mr Leon 
Brittan, Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry, having 
accepted responsibility for the 
leak, follows. 

January 27, 1986: Mrs Marga- 
ret Thatcher tefls Parliament 
the leak was the result of a 

misunderstanding between of- 
ficials at No 10 and the 
Department of Trade and 

the matter, the disclosure 
should be made in the way it 

However, an examination 
of the Press Association tapes 
on January 6 and the reports 
canied by the newspapers on 
January 7 demonstrates that 
further parts of the letter were 
disclosed after the original call 

ability as it relates to the 
matter into which we have 
been inquiring, the Treasury 
and Civil Service Committee 

“In the recent Westland 
case Sir Robert Armstrong 
was anxious to stress that 
neither he nor ministers has 
named any of the officials 

from Miss Bowe. to the Press involved but individual offi- 
Association. rials have certainly been 

The urgency argument can- 'named in the press. 

gj 7r£i 

~riiBTe j of~th e Wes tland press' The Treasury an d Civ il 
conference: * ‘ " r """Service Committee fepie re- 

“My office wre accordingly cently reported on the duties 
approached. They did not seek and responsibilities of minis- 
my agreement they consid- ters and civil servants, and 
ered — and they were right — daring their inquiry had ac- 
that I should agree with my cess to our evidence: 
right hon friend the Secretary In their report the Treasury 
of State for Trade and Indus- and Civil Soviqe Committee 
. jry foe feet that the then did not question the prime 
Defence Secretary VJetter -of -loyalty of-dvfl servants to- the 
Janaary 3 was thought by the government of the day, but 
Solicitor General to contain concluded that ministers in 
material inaccuracies which their turn should hold them- 
needed to be corrected should selves folly accountable, 
become public knowledge as More important, officials 
soon as possible, and before whose names would otherwise 
Sir John Cockney's press be unfairly associated with a 

become public knowledge as More important, officials 
soon as possible, and before whose names would otherwise 
Sir John Cockney's press be unfairly associated with a 
conference-. discreditable episode may be 

“An official of the depart- shown to be blameless. The 
ment accordingly told a repre* feet that ministers have not 
sentative of the Press made themselves fully ac- 
Association of the letter by my countable to Parliament in 
hon and learned friend the this matter has called into 
Solicitor General and material question the conduct of foe 
elements of wbat it said. The ' Ifiivil servants involved. 

not apply to these disclosures. 
Their only purpose can have 
been further to discredit Mr 
Heseltine. The fen foat addi- 
tional .disclosures appear to 
have been node has not been 
acknowledged by the 

[On foe question of ac- 
countability to Parliament 

Whether or not an internal 
inquiry into various affec- 
tions had been made, we 
understand that no disciplin- 
ary action was taken in any 
case. We are not satisfied that j 
a private internal inquiry 
which is not folly reported to 
Parliament constitutes ac- 

[Geoffrey Smith 

• Tbe Westland report from: 
the defence select committee 
amounts to a severe criticism 
of the way in which this 
Government conducts ' its! 
business. If the charge came 
from a partisan source it. 
would not matter, but this is 
the unanimous judgement of a 
bi-party committee with -a 
majority of Conservative 
members, led by an experi- 
enced former minister. Sir 
Humphrey Atkins. 

Ministers do not figure 
prominently in foe indict- 
ment. Leon Brittan and Mi- 
chael . Hesdtine are the 
politicians who . come most 
under fire, but they have 
already resigned. 

There are a number of side 
swipes at the Prime Minister, 
and there are points in the 
reports at which she seems to 
be foe beneficiary of a deliber- 
ate suspension of disbelief 
However, foe committee ac- 
cepts her word on the critical 
issue: that she had no knowl- 
edge at the time of the leaking 
of foe Solicitor GeneraTs dam- 
aging letter to Mr Heseltine. 

The principal attacks in the 
report are directed at the way 
in which certain officials con- 
ducted themselves. Those crit- 
icisms are so severe that it will 
not be enough,' in fairness to 
foe individual officials and for 
the health of the public service 
in this country, for foe Prime 
Minister simply to express her 
confidence in them, as she did 
in foe House of Commons 

Issues of conduct 


The' most- .damning 1 com- 
ments' are reserved ’ for- Sir 
Robert Armstrong:. “It is to 
the Head oPthe Home Civil 
Service that all Civil Servants 
have to look for example and a 
clear lead in such things. In 
this case that lead has not been 
pven.” ' : ' " - 

However, Mr. Bernard 
Infefem,the'Priine Muti$tt£s 
press, - secretary, and other 
named" officials’ in Downing 
Street an&foeDepartmenf of 
Trade aad .bidwstry also have 
charges’ to answer. ,1 

! . . Jniereare here jsgiratafo i of 
persohaT conduct "mid of gen-: 
eral principle. On foe former, 
ft cannot be satisfactory to 
leave matters where they are, 
with specific charges of mis- 
conduct for which there has 
been neither disciplinary ac- 
tion nor adequate 

" The general principle coi* 
ceros foe nature of the loyalty 
owed by Civil Servants to 
foeir ministers. There has 
been much talk of foe politici- 
zation of the higher readies of 
foe Civil Service under foe 
present Government, with the 
accusation that senior ap- 
pointments have been made 
on foe basis of personal sym- 
pathy for Thatcherism. 

I am extremely sceptical 
about this charge. It seems to 
me much more likely that 
these appointments 'reflect a 
temperamental preference 
among ministers for doers 
rather sceptics, which ought to 
be distinguished from politi- 
cal bias. 

But the evidence of this 
report suggests that an atmo- 
sphere has developed in which- 
it seems natural for officials to 
give their ministers a degree of 
partisan supporrjhat would 
have been considered-improp- 
er in earlier yearsTt is not that, 
anyone has been disloyal, but. 
that some have been too 
indiscriminating - in- their 

It is -in this sense that the: 
reputation of foe Civil Service 
for political impartiality needs: 
to be safeguarded, and it is a 1 
matter of constitutional pro-, 
priety that this should be; 
done. Despite all the criti- 
cisms. some of them justified,; 
that have' been directed in 
recent years, at foe Civil; 
Service, its reputation for. 
even-handed integrity is one 1 
of foe more precious assets of 
the ' British ' system of| 

As a first step it would be; 
wise to take up foe proposal in; 
this report and -in an earlier 
one from the Treasury and 
Civil Service Committee that 
the same person should not be. 
both Cabinet Secretary and 
Head of foe Home Civil 1 
Servkft-This would mean-that 
foe senior official responsible, 
for foe service would be a little 
-more detached. 

It is a pity foat the Govern- 
ment yesterday rejected- this; 
advice; but still more impor-, 
rant is that politicians. of all' 
parties should send foe right 
signals to foe Civil Service. 4 
. It is time therefore fora new. 
phase in the Westland saga,; 
for a period of bipartisan: 
reflection based an' a bipaitp 
san report 1 




-Westland report 

Wapping dispute - I , , \\U'* 

PM’s complete 
confidence in 
her officials 

Bomb case investigations go on 



Mis Thatcher, the Prime 
Minister, repeated numerous 
times during a noisy question 
time in the Commons that she 
had total confidence in the 
officials referred to in the De- 

fence Select Committee's report 
published that day on Westland 

In her last question time 
before the summer recess, she 
said she did not accept die 

committee's comments on the 
role of the head of the home 
civil service. Sir Robert Arm- 
strong. He continued to eryoy 
the Government's total con- 
fidence as a very distinguished 
public servant who had per- 
formed great service for govern- 
ments or both parties. 

The Government would re- 
spond to the report in due 
course. Those responsible for 
decisions on disciplinary action 
had already concluded there was 
no for such action, she said 
to jeers from Labour benches. 
Mr Neil Kimtock. Leader of the 
Opposition, accused her of seek- 
ing to hide behind officials and 
warned her she was in danger of 
attracting to herself the reputa- 
tion of being disreputable and 
improper, as the conduct of 
officials had been described in 
the report 

The issue was first raised by 
Sir John Biggs- Davison (Epping 
Forest, Q who said the report 

If that i& the case, she, is in 
great danger of bersdf attracting 

the reputation of being dis- 
reputable and improper. 

Mrs Thatcher Clearly he asks 
that question because that was 
what he wanted to say. 1 
volunteered my comments that 
we have total confidence in our 
officials and we are proud to be 
able to stand up for them. 

Mr Robert Labertand Man- 
chester Central. Labh I refer her 
in mrasranh 160 of 1 

to paragraph 160 of the report 
that says: “Since the informa- 
tion was passed by telephone to 
Wesdana in any event, .the 
reason given by the Prime 
Minister for releasing the 
information to the Press Associ- 
ation begins to look flimsy’'. 
Will she now answer what mil 
happen to those five senior 
officials, because the buck stops 

here? , 

Mrs Thatcher: I have already 
answered his question. I have 
nothing further to add. (Re- 
newed Labour protests) 

Mr Jobs Cartwright (Wool- 

Asked in the Commons why it 
had not yet been possible to 
conclude the review of the 
conviction of six men for the 
Birmingham pub bombings. Mr 
Douglas Hurd, the Home Sec- 
retary. said he was now consid- 
ering points raised in the 
recently published book on the 
case. Error of Judgement by Mr 
Chris Mullin. 

Mr Hurd told MPs: When 
suggestions are made that there 
b new evidence, as happened 
recently with Mr Mullin'* book, 
it must be right, if I am to make 
a serious decision in this matter, 
that 1 should take these new 
arguments into consideration. 
That is what is happening. 

He told Ms Clare Short 
(Birmingham, Ladywood, Lab) 
that he had no desire or interest 

in delaying a decision. It had 
always been a difficult decision. 
The criteria had been wefl 
established under different 
holders of his office and .he 
would uy to apply this criterion 
to the best of his ability. 

Mr Hurd said, too, that he 
had been concerned also to 
examine thoroughly the ma- 
laria] submitted to him after the 

World in Action television pro- 
gramme on the case. 

Ms Short commented that this 
did not make anyone in Bir-' 
mingham fee] any better about 
the Birmingham bombings, to 
feel that six innocent men- had 
been locked up for 12 years. 

She asked if it was true that 
iht Home Office had found that 
the forensic tests which had 
been used were unreliable. 

Mr Hard told her. I am not 
going to deaf bit fay bit with 
particular aspects of this com- 
plicated matter and Ms Short 
would not seriously expect me 

• Mr Tony Banks (Newham 
North West Lab) had earlier 
raised the issue when be asked 
for a confirmation or denial that 
John Walker, one of those 
convicted of the Birmingham 
pub bombing and des c ribed at 
the trial as a brigadier in the 
IRA, now received visits along- 
side ordinary criminal prisoners 
and this was because the Gov- 
ernment and the prison authori- 
ties now agreed a miscarriage of 
justice had taken place. 

Mr David Melfor, Under Sec- 
retary of State. Home Office, 
said the visting arrangements 
were as had been described but 
the assumption drawn from that 
was wrong. 

The Government was looking 
at the question of whether there 
might be any reference to the 
Court of Appeal of the convic- 
tions in. the case. Further state- 
ments that had been made were 
under active consideration. 

Mr Tesy Benn (Chesterfield. 
Lab) said Mr Mullm's book 
produced jncrontrovenible ev- 
idence that undermined the the 
prosecution evidence against 
the six men. There was no doubt 
evidence of maltreatment of 
prisoners before they came to 
trial and dear indications as to 

Mr MixUin’s book had only been 
published three weeks pre- 
viously and matters raised m it 
were being looked aL There 
were difficult decisions for the 
Home Secretary of grapple with 


who committed tire bombing. 
There was a widespread fed- 

Tbere was a widespread red- 
ing that justice should be done 
and these matters properly 

Mr Meflor said he noted the 
confident assertions made and 
the Home Secretary would give 
them the weight they deserved 
when- mairmft the difficult de- 
cision he led to make; 

Mr Patrick Daffy (Sheffield. 
Atlerdrffe, Lab) said a Grenada 
television programme on the 
bombing a year ago said an 

fresh points of contention which 

were also being ^ 

the West Midlands police had 
been asked to cany outfortper 
investigation. When that had 
been completed an announce- 
ment would be made. 

Mr Clive Sotey (Hammersmith. 
Lab), an Opposition spokesman 
on home afeirs No on*can 
have any interest in scans 

innocent people in L? 1 wiimS 
guihy people go free. Will be 

consider ordennga re-tnal? 

Mr Mellon The Home 
Secretary is charged With me 
responsibility of deciding 
whether there are mature 

Ste of Wna regarded as 

S* tvfetara of_a kind which 

tresn evroenu: m r- ',,** 

under examination by die Cbun 
of Appeal might cast doubt on 

investigation was being carried 
out urgently. What evidence was 

out urgently. Wbat evidence was 
there to demonstrate the Home 
Secretary was giving it urgent 

Mr Meflar said the case had 
been thoroughly investigated. 

Rees: Difficult dedsious 
have to &e made 
as -previous- Home Secretaries 
had found. „ . 

Mr Meriyn Rees (Leeds. South 
and Money, Lab) said difficult 
decisons had to be made but 
doubts about the case had been 

Mr Meflor said matters had 
been under investigation relat- 
ing to a wide range of pieces of 
evidence produced at the trial. 

Mr Muffin's book bad raised 

the findings the jurymade. 

The Home Sectary will 

discharge his duties raj™ 
respect with a$ much care as 
possible. That is the proper basis 
on which it will be deal t with . 

No one has an interest in 
prolonging these matters. There 
is great public interest ,n 
. . • -annlr are not 

IS grea« yuwn. -- 

ensuring that people are not 
wrongfully . convicted . and 

wrongfully conviciea . un« 
equally that if people are rightly 
convicted orchestrated 
campaigns should not 
undermine the integrity of those 

did not live up to the juicy leaks 
and well-trailed publicity and 
Mrs Thatcher should not spend 
too much time on iL 

However, Mr Kmnock said: 
Members of the defence select 
committee of all parties have 
been fastidious in their report 
on Westland pic. In it they raise 
the most profound question 
about the conduct of senior 
officials serving the Govern- 
ment. describing their conduct 
as improper and disreputable. 

As head of the Government 
does the Prime Minister accept 
ministerial responsibility for 
those officials, particularly since 
some of those now are directly 
accountable only to her and are 
associated very closely with her? 
Mrs Thatcher I have already 
answered his question before he 
asked it At present I have 
nothing further to add to what I 
have said. (Labour protests) 

Mr Kinaock: It is not a usual 
select committee. We all under- 
stand obviously that the Gov- 
ernment will require time to 
compile its full response in the 
normal fashion, but there is one 
question to which the Prime 
Minister can. and the country 
will think must, give an answer 
now in direct fashion. 

Will she accept direct min- 
isterial responsibility for of- 
ficials that everyone 
understands goes with the office 
or minister at every level or will 
she be part of a cover-up? 

After Mrs Thatcher had re- 
peated her earlier reply, Mr 
Kimtock commented: By her 
repetitive replies and her failure 
to respond to the one issue on 
which she can respond today, it 
is difficult to escape the feeling 
that the Prime Minister is 
seeking to hide behind officials. 
(Labour cheers) 

Thatcher awaits 

Indian reply 


- *flp 


Cartwright Key officials 
deeply involved 

wicfi. SDPX' Does she accept or 
reject the unanimous view of the 
defence select committee that 
two key officials, Mr Bernard 
Ingham (Mrs Thatcher’s chief 
press secretary) and Mr Charles 
Powell (a private secretary at No ! 
10 Downing Street), were deeply ' 
involved in the planned leakage 
of the Solicitor General's letter 
and apparently foiled to tell her 
what was going on. If that is the ! 
situation, how can she go on j 
expressing confidence in the 
officials concerned? 

Mrs Thatcher. Those respon- I 
si We for disciplinary action have 
already concluded there was no 
case for such action. 

Mr Peter Snape (West 
Bromwich East, Lab): Mr Ber- 
nard Ingham is normally very 
good at telling the rest of the 
world what is going on and yet 
on this occasion we are expected 
to believe he did not even tdl 
the Prime' Minister what was 
going on. Will she now answer 
the question because it is her 
reputation which is directly* 
under threat? 

Mrs Thatcher: I have noihing- 
furthcr to add.this afternoon. I 
am delighted on this, last day 
when I am asked questions the 
Opposition appears to be sat- 
isfied with health, education, 
social security— (Her remaining 
words were drowned by loud 
Labour protests and Conser- 
vative cheers.) 

Delays by foe Indian Govern- 
ment in permitting the posting of 
British dreg Gaisoa officers in 
India is Kkeiy to be raised with 
the !««««« Prime Minister, Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi, at the Common- 
wealth Prime Ministers' Con- 
ference in London next month if 
it is not cleared op by then, Mr 
Timothy Eggar, Under Sec- 
retary of State for Foreign and 
ConQsouweaith Adairs, said. 

He said that the British 
Government is not dear why 
there have been furth er delays 
by the Indian Government in 
approving the posting of the two 
British officers. 

He added that there has as yet 
been no reply to a letter which 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher has 
written to the Indian Prime 
Minister about the posting, hi 
the first three months of this 
year, 80 per cent of heroin 
cooling to tiie United Kingdom 
had cone fron t India- 

The matter was raised in a 
private notice question by Sir 
Edward Gardner (Fylde, Q who 
asked what action was being 
taken to deal with the refusal or 
the Indian Government to allow 
the posting. 

Mr Egor said be hoped that Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian Prime 
Minister . wonfd reply to Mrs 
Thatcher agreeing to the 

and Berwickshire. L) su p port e d 
the Government's efforts m pest 
the officers and asked what 
re as o ns the Indian Government 
had given for their refusal to 
allow them. 

Is Labour saying Wapping 
should be unprotected? 



Sir Edward Gardner said that it 
was a scandal and ir respon sib le 
of tiie Indian Government to aid 
and abet drug traffickers. 

Mir Eggar I share his con c ern. 
Last year the total of heroin 
from lrtida seized here had a 
street rah* of £53 million. The 
only people to benefit from this 
delay are the drag traffickers 
and the sufferers are the drag 
addicts here and in India. 

Mr Archy Kirkwood (Roxburgh 

Mr Eggar: We have seven offi- 
cers in posts thr ong ho at the 
world and have never had any- 
thmg like the same difficulties in 
any other country. The srtnatien 
perplexes as. We had an under- 
taking from the Indian Govern- 
ment which enabled the 
Secretary of State to say they 
would be ported. We are not 
dear about the reason for for- 
titer delays. 

Mr Greville Janner (Le i cester, 
West, Lab ) asked whether the 
*^*‘IT*f* for ratiwmmt WMM beCBBW 
the Indian Government, on a 
basis of redprodty was asking 
for cooperation on smuggli n g 
which the British Government 
was refusing. 

Mr Eggar said that when the 
point was raised by the Indian 
Government, the British Gov- 
ernment responded immediately 
.and said they would give full 
c oopera t ion within their power, 
under the law. That assnrance 
appeared not to have been 

aa-rr p f — f- 

Later be said that there had 
been 30 contacts with the 
Indian Gov e r nme nt at min- 
isterial or senior official level 
ore; the’ past year, on the 
posting. There were two Indian 
customs officers to London who 
received .cooperation Cram the 
British Government - 

If the Opposition wanted police 
w i thdrawn from Wapping so 
that the News International 
plant could he attacked and tiie 
people inside prevented from 
working there, they should ay 
so openly, Mr Doogbs Hard, 
the Home Secretary, said during 
question time in the Commons. 

He also said the way in which 
the onion side of the dispute was 
being conducted did not help 
the case of other the onion or 

I do not know what he is 
aiming at Is he saying police 
should not police the situation 
at Wapping? Is he saying the 
plant should be left open to 
attack and the people who work 
there should be prevented from 
working there? He cannot be 

arguing that. - - 

The numbers of police de- 
ployed there must be a matter 
for the judgement of the 
Commissioner of Police and any 
members of the House who 
believe in the operational in- 
dependence of police officers 
must support that. 

Mr John Wheeler (Westminster 
North, Ck Whatever the merits 
of the argument, if the Oppo- 
sition would call off the union 
s u pporters and their associates 
there would be no need for a 
police presence and peace would 
be restored. 

Mr Hard: I agree. Numbers now 
engaged at Wapping are lower 
but tactics have changed. In- 
stead of demonstrations on 
Saturdays and Wednesdays, 
several hundred people start 
operations at differing hours of 
the day and week without 

This makes h very difficult 
for the police and does weaken 
the police effort in the rest of 

the printers. It could only make 
matters more difficult for the 
Metropolitan Police to fight 
crime in the rest of London. 

Answering a question on the 
maximum number of police 
deployed at Wapping at any one 
time, be said that 1,870 officers 
had been on duty outside the 
plant on April 6. 

Mr Ronald Leighton (Newham 
North East, lib) said it was 
doing no good to denude hard 
pressed constituents of police 
service; What was the result of 
the internal inquiry into police 
behaviour on May 3 and what 
disciplinary action bad been 

Mr Hurd: Any complaint about 
police action on May 3 or any 
other action at Wapping or 

other action at Wapping or 
elsewhere coukl be examined 
through the procedure which 
this House has laid down. 

doing it so that it would not 
weaken the police effort against 
crime in the rest of London. 

Mr Ian MOuudo (Bow and 
Poplar. Lab) said there had been 
a march by 200 women and 100 
children recently which nad 
been watched by 40 police from 
a coach- Was that an economic 
use of police manpower? 

Mr Hard said these were diffi- 
cult operational decisons that 
should be left to chief officers. 
Dr Michael Clark (Rochford. O 
said the previous afternoon he 
bad had to drive around a 
barrier which pickets had used 
to block the road. That was why 
it was essential police should 

remain on duty. 

Mr Hard said the police were 
acting to prevent breaches of the 
peace and obstruction of the 
highway. In the interest of 
citizens they should maintain 
that activity. 

So feral Wapping. 346 police 
ad been injured and there had 

I wish those engaged in the 
isnute. if they feel determined 

dispute, if they feel determined 
they should continue it, would 

di<euy with the police ways of many times. 

had been injured and there had 
been 1.098 arrests. 

Mr Robin Corbett (Bir- 
mingham, Erdington. Lab): 
How can he acquiesoe in the 
withdrawal of’ a substantial 
number of police from fighting 
and preventing crime on the 
streets of the capital without 
trying to exert pressure on Mr 
Murdoch to open proper 

Mr Honk I wish this dispute 
could be settled. I have-said that 

Mr Donald Anderson, an Oppo- 
s*tfoa spokesman ea foreign and 
Commonwealth affairs, naked 
what new factor had entered the 
situation since Mr Kianock bad 
been given an indication in India 
in May that the matter would be 
resolved speedily. 

Mr Eggar welcomed Labour 
support for the efforts to post the 


Vickers get factory and tank order 


With the exception oforie 
factory it remained the 
Government's firm p re f erence 
to sell Royal Ordnance pic as a 
whole and to do so by private 
sale if this proved practicable. 

Action sought on lethal catapaults 

Mr George Younger, Secretary 
of State for Defence, said in a 
Commons statement in the 
course of which he announced 
an order for around 60 
Challenger tanks. 

Over the coming weeks, he 
stated, bids would be invited on 
the basis of a selling 
memorandum and there would 
be a further report to the House 


Serious concern about the sale 
of the Black Widow catapaulf 
was expressed by MPs on both 
sides of the Commons who 
called fora much more stringent 
altitude by the Government 
over its availablity. 

Mr Giles Shaw , Minister of 
State. Home Office, said he had 
received representations about 
their sale from a few MPs. the 
Association of County Councils 
and one police authority. He 
undertook to monitor the situa- 
tion closely and hinted that a 
voluntary code of guidance was 
one course of action. 

Mr Colin Shepherd (Hereford. 

C) said other organizations, as 
well as the public, were con- 

well as the public, were con- 
cerned about this particular 
variant of the old (fashioned 

Anything advertised with a 
capability of being able to 
prqject ^i8 inch steel bolts 225 
yards through the air with 

accuracy was not an inoffensive 

Would he take a much more 
stringent attitude and advise 
carefully on how this instrument 
should be sold? 

Mr Shaw said he was concerned 
at the sale of a wide range of 
implements which could be 
misused in public. The law on 
using items of an offensive 
nature was sufficiently tight to 
catch those kind of offences. He 
would monitor the situation 
very closely. 

Mr Alexander Car file 
(Montgomery L) asked him to 
make representations to 
W.H.Smith to try to stop them 
selling the magazine Survival 
Weaponry Techniques with its 
huge range of wicked weapons 
for sale by post to teenagers and 
others without any control 

This (he said) is an urgent 
matter and something should be 
done about it 

Mr Shaw said he recognizedthat 
point. He was considering 
whether there could be a kind of 

voluntary guidance, as was the 
case with martial arts 

Mr Geoffrey Dickens 
(Littkborough and Saddleworth 
Q said the Black Widow was 
only a junior model of the 
Diabok) model which was ad- 
vertised in this week’s Shooting 
Times and Country Magazine. 
It was a killer. It had a right an 
arm rest and a pistol grip. 

The unrestricted sale of these 
weapons (he said) must be 
stopped in this country. We are 
going to present the police with 
an enormous problem if we do 
not tackle this problem 

Mr Shaw said there were a wide 
range of similar devices on sale 
which could be used safely 
under controlled conditions. 
What concerned the Govern- 
ment was die availability to 
those who were not going to use 
them under trained and careful 

Mr Alfred Dubs (Battersea. Lab) 
said the catapults were made by 
a firm called Barrett Inter- 

national, who m a nufa ctured 
crossbows about which the 
House had expressed its 

For some strange reason the 
firm won a 1985 Queen's award 
for export and technology. Was 
there any innocent use to which 
these very lethal catapaults 
could be pul? Ought there not to 

when pi o gre ss had been made. 

The exception was the lank 
-building business in Leeds. - 
Following discussions between 
the Ministry of Defence and’ 
Vickers an offer had been made 
by Vickers pic to purchase RO 
Leeds which the Government 
and the board of Royal 
Ordnance had accepted, subject 
to detailed discussions now 
taking place between RO and 
Vickers to finalize the 

The price would be related to 
an audited net asset value but 
was expected to be of the order 
of £11 million. 

As part of the agreement 
Vickers would build a major 
new facility at the Leeds site. 

-similar to their factory in 

.The way was also dear for a 
decision to order a seventh 
regiment of Challenger tanks, 
subject to detailed contract 
terms. Vickers had agreed that 
the tanks would be 
manufactured in Leeds and 
prices had been negotiated with 
Vickers that represented an 
improvement on the terms 
offered by Royal Ordnance. 

l am satisfied (he said) that 
the competitive pressures which 
have operated on both 
companies during our various 
negotiations have ensured that 
the Ministry of Defence will 
receive good value for money 
for this important order. 

Second Severn bridge to be built 

be some quick action by the 
Home Office on their sale? 

Mr Shaw said the company won 
the award because 85 percent of 
their entire production went 

There were widespread 
abuses that could occur from the 
use of these weapons. 


New session 

Lord Denham, Government 
Chief Whip, announced that the 
House of Lords was expected to 
return after the summer recess 
on Monday October 6 and that 
the Queen would open the new 
Parliament on Wednesday 
November 12. 

There was a warm welcome 
from MPs of all parties for an 
announcement that a second 
Severn bridge waste be built. 

They praised the proposed 
project as being good for 
employment in the South Wales 
and Avon areas, and for helping 
those local economies more 

There was a particular wel- 
come for the fact that the 
announcement was made by Mr 
Nicholas Edw ards , Secretary of 
Stare for Wales, rather than fay 
Mr John Moore, Secretary of 
State for Transport. 

Ft was proposed that the new 
bridge should be sited at the 
English Stones, Mr Edwards 

It would be about three miles 
downstream of the existing 
bridge; and would have connec- 
tions to the M4 on both banks, 
with an additional southerly 
link to the M5. 

It would carry a dual two-lane 
motorway with what Mr Ed- 
wards described as much- 
needed hard-shoulders. 

Consultants who had advised 
on this second crossing believed 
K would be possible to provide 
windshielding for the new 

Planning for the project 
would start immediately. 

Mr Barry Jones, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on Wales, 

sition spokesman on Wales, 
wanted to know how many jobs 
the construction work would 
create. How much would it cost? 
Would it he a toll bridge? 

Mr Edwards said he did not 
want to be specific about costs at 
present. However, actual 
construction was estimated at 
£1 83 million. With matters such 
as land acquisition added, the 
total cost would be more than 
£200 million. 

The Government wanted the 
crossing to be ready by the mid- 

The Welsh Office and the 
Transport Department would 
co-operate closely over the 

Law Report July 25 1986 House of Lords 

The Lords 
law on 


Regina t Cooke 

Before Lord Bridge of Harwich. 

Lord Brandon of Oakbrook. 

Lord Brishiman. Lord Mackay 
of Clashfem and Lord Goff of 

of Clashfem and Lord Goff of 

(Speeches sold July 24] 

The House of Lords unani- 
mously reversed the Court of 
Appeal which had quashed the 
conviction for conspiracy to 
defraud of Anthony Martin 
Cooke, chief steward in a British 
Rail buffet car crew, who took 
his own coffee, tea. che ese and 
beefburgers on the train, sold 
them to passengers and kept the 

He had been convicted on an 
indictment containing a single 
count charging as a common- 
law offence that he and others 
"on April 6. 1983 conspired 
together to defraud the British 
Rail Board by making sales of 
food and drink not the property 
of BRB to customers of BRB 
and by failing to account to BRB 
for the proceeds of sale thcreor. 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice O'Connor. Mr Justice 
Caulfield and Sir Ralph Kilncr 
Brown) on February 5. 1985- 

had held themselves bound by 
the House of Lords decision in 
R r Ayres 01984] AC 447) and 
by R v Tonncr ([19841 1 WLR 
344). had found that the charge 
involved the commission of the 
substantive statutory offence of 
going equipped for cheat con- 
trary to section 2 5(1) of the 
Theft Act 1968 and that, there- 
fore. in accordance with section 
1(1) of the Criminal Law Act 
1977. the charge should have 
been one of conspiracy to 
commit the statutory offence of 
going equipped for cheat. 

The conviction was thus 
quashed not because there was 
no evidence of an agreement 
with others to defraud BRB but 
because he was at the same time 
committing the Theft Act of- 
fence and. therefore, it would 
have been unjust to convict him 
as indicted. He was tried in 
December 1 983 at Exeter Crown 
Court (Mr Recorder Stewart 
Bales. QC) and fined £250. 

Mr A. N. L. Butterfield. QC 
and Mr F. H. S. Gilbert for the 
Crown: Lord Hooson. QC and 
Mr R. A. Britton for the 

LORD BRIDGE sudlhax his 
optimistic prognosis in Ayres 
that the decision “should not 
create undue difficulty for pros- 
ecutors and judges" had been 
falsified in the event It was 
probable that those difficulties 
could now only be removed by 
legislation and it was very 
desirable that they should be. 

Meanwhile the decision in 
.A\res had to stand, but there 

was no good reason why his 
Lonlship should not re-examine 
critically the language he used in 
expressing that decision — and 
more particularly in suggesting 
the practical approach which 
prosecutors and judges should 

Judicial language had no leg- 
islative force. 

The mutual exclusion dic- 
tated by the language of section 
5(2) of the 1977 Act operated to 
prevent the same conspiracy 
being c ha rged under both beads; 
il had to be one or the other. 

His Lordship’s language in 
Ayres needed to be modified. 

Where an ag reement to pur- 
sue a course of conduct was to 
be the subject of a conspiracy 
charge and every dement m that 
course of conduct of which tiie 
prosecution could pro p erty 
make complaint amounted to or 
involved the commission of a 
specific criminal offence, the 
only proper course was to charge 
a statutory conspiracy to com- 
mit that offence or those of- 
fences. It might, or course, be 
appropriate to charge more than 
one such conspiracy. 

At tire other end of the 
sp e ctru m, if persons agreed to 
pursue a course of fraudulent 
conduct which did not involve 
the commission of any specific 
offence, the appropriate charge 
would be conspiracy to defraud 
at common law. 

The difficulty arose in the 
many cases, to which his Lord- 
ship regretted he did not apply 
his mind in /lyres, where a 
course of conduct was agreed to. 

be pursued which involved the 
commission of one or more 
specific criminal offences, but 
over and above such specific 
criminal conduct the agreement, 
if carried out. would involve a 
substantial element of fraudu- 
lent conduct of a kind which, on 
the part of an individual, would 
not be criminal at alL 
In such a situation his Lord- 
ship declined to allow the 
shortcomings of the language he 

used in Ayres to prevent him 
from reaching the sensible 

conclusion that h was perfectly 
proper for the prosecution to 
charge one or other or both of 
two conspiracies: 

(a) a statutory conspiracy in 
respect of that part of the agreed 
course of conduct which 
amounted to or necessarily in- 
volved the commission of one 
or more specific criminal of- 

(b) a common-law conspiracy in 
. ''respect of that part of the course 

of conduct agreed upon which 
was fraudulent but would not be 
criminal on the pan of an 
individual acting atone. 

There might . be only one 
- agreement' but if was an agree- 
ment to pursue courses of 
conduct which could and should 
be distinguished because they 
involved different categories of 
behaviour which the criminal 
law classified in different ways. 

conspiracies, for example, a 
conspiracy to steal a car and a 
conspiracy to obtain money by 
deception by selling the car with 
false plates and papers. 

By the same token, it m 
addition to any specific offences 
which conspirators had agreed 
to commit, they agreed to 
pursue a further course of 
conduct which defrauded a vic- 
tim in a manner which did not 
amount to or involve the 
commission of any specific of- 
fence. his Lordship could see no 
reason why that should not also 
be charged as a separate conspir- 

His Lordship was aware that, 
even if his restatement of the 
distinction between statutory 
and common-law conspiracies 
was acceptable, it would do little 
or nothing to obviate the diffi- 
culties to which Lord Lane, 
Lord Chief Justice, drew atten- 
tion in R r Grant ( The Tunes 
December 24, 1985). 

In Tenner Lord Justice Wat- 
kins. perfectly legitimately and 
property relying on language 
used by Lord Bridge, said, at 
p35Z *Tt is now, we 7 think, 
beyond doubt that if a conspir- 
acy involved the commission of 
any substantive offence, it can 

be charged only undo- section 
1(1) of the Act of 1977".. . . 

Having now reconsidered the 
matter. Lord Bridge believed 
that the proposition stated coukl 
no longer be sustained without 
modification. What was beyond 
doubt was that a conspiracy 
which involved the commission 
of a substantive offence and 

A single agreement to pursue 
a course of conduct which 
involved the commission of two 
different specific offences could 
property be charged in two 
counts alleging two_ different 

nothing more could be charged 
only as a statutory conspiracy to 
commit that offence. 

However, it did not follow 
that an agreement to pursue an 
additional course of conduct not 
involving the commission of a 
specific offence might not be 
charged as a separate common- 
law conspiracy to defraud. 

Moreover, if there was ma- 
terial in the evidence which 
might establish both a conspir- 
acy to commit rate or more ' 
specific offences and a distinct 
common-law conspiracy to de- 
fraud. the prosecution were 
under no obligation to charge 
both. If the wily count in the 
indictment charged a common- 
law conspiracy to defraud and 
that was shown to relate to an 
agreed course of fraudulent 
conduct going beyond any 
agreement to commit specific 
offences, it would not avail the 
defence to point out that the 
prosecution might have alleged 
and proved a statutory consptr- 

aC £he appeal succeeded on the 
first ground advanced by the 
Gpwn — that the authorities did 
not have the effect attributed to 
them in the appealed decision. 

The appeal succeeded also on 
the narrower ground that there 

a position to say that he could 
not have practised the fraud on 
bis employers without first 
©Warning money by deception 
from passengers on the train. 

That issue was never raised at 
the triaL 

The ordinary run of British 
Rail passengers might be pre- 
sumed to be upright citizens but 
his Lordship was not prepared 
to assume that they would 
necessarily refuse to buy refresh- 
ments even if they knew that the 
buffet staff were practising such 
a fiddle. 

His Lordship would allow the 

Lord Brandon concurred with 
Lord Bridge and Lord Mackay. 

Lord Brighiman concurred 
with Lord Mackay. 

was no material to Justify the 
inference that the defendant and 
his fellow conspirators agreed 
on a course of conduct which 
necessarily involved Theft Act 

The nub of the matter was 
that, to succeed on that argu- 
ment the defendant had to be in 

. ^ R P, MACKAY. concur- 
ring. said that it was perfectly 
proper to include in one indict- 
ment more than one count of 

Where that had been done, 
the evidence would deal with all 
triunts. The judge would direct 
the jury to consider each count 
se P“ately, and in relation to 
each count to consider the 
evidence relating to that count 
, l n the instant case, if the 
defendant and his fellow woric- 
ere had been charged with a 
statutory conspiracy to offend 
gainst section 25 of the Theft 
Act as count 1 and With the 
common-law conspiracy to de- 
fraud, wuh which they were 

as Lords 


There were protests is the 
House of Leeds when Viscount 
Whitclaw, Leader of the House, 
presented a package of Govern- 
ment proposal* designed to meet 
changes to the Soda! Security 
Bill which the Lords had in- 

- a- J 5««#vuwl« tnM 

sisted on mtrodndog. 

Lord Cledwyn of Fenrto* 
Leader of the Opposition, de- 
clared that the House was not a 

rubber stamp and appealed to 
the GomnfBesc to think again. 
Viscount Whitelaw asked peers 
to accept amendments carried 

earlier by the C omm o ns on 

payments for the severely dis- 
abled, the payment of rates by 
social security daimants, ami a 
proposal for an appeal tribunal 
which the Lords had put 


Speaking of the Gov e rnme nt 's 
new proposals for the disabled, 
he said it was estimated that up 
to 104)00 severely disabled peo- 
ple coaid qualify for the extra 
premium at a cost of up to £!2 bl 

The peers' decision to reve rse 
the proposal for everyone to pay 
a minimum contribution to their 
rates was a putt of mafnr 
prindple concerning the finan- 
cial arrangements for bousing 
benefit. The Commons had now 
reaffirmed their original po- 
sition and he invited the Lords to 
accept the decision. He firmly 
believed that the package he was 
presenting repres e nted a very 
fair response to the views of the 

Lord Cledwyn of Penrhos ques- 
tioned whether . the 
Government's concession on the 
disabled matched up to the 
problems of severely disabled 
people- The Government -had 
also decided that even the 
poorest claimants must pay 20 
percent of their rates. There had 
been a cruel switch of resources 
from food, clothing and foe) in 
order to pay the rates. 

He appealed to peers to 
demonstrate once again the care 
and compassion which they had 
shown before and for the Gov- 
ernment to think again on these 

• A proposal by Lord Hender- 
son of Brompton (lnd) to in- 
troduce an element of flexibility 
into the Government proposal 
for a flat rate payment of £23 Jot 
severely disabled people, carried 
by the Commons last night 
(Wednesday) was rejected by 
213 votes to 143 — Government 
majority, 70. Shows of protest 
from Opposition peers greeted 
the result. 

to buy 
Leyland bus 


The Rarer Group had reached 
agreement in principle for: the 
cut# of a 75 Mf ce n t 
shareholding in Unipart to a 
consortium of Unipart 
management and a group of UK 
investment institutions led by 
Charterhouse Bank, Mr Paul 
Chan non. Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry, said In a 
Commons statement. 

Up to S per cent of die 

ordinary share capital would be 
reserved for Uni part employees. 
Rover Group would receive op to 
£50 million, depending partly oa 
Unipart's ffntnre performance. 
Rover Group would sabserfoe up 
to £3.75 mOlion for equity to the 
restructured company. 

Rover Group's finks with 
Unipart would be retained 
through Its bolding in Unipart 
and by contractual 

Rover Group had 
recommended, and . the 
Government bad agreed, that 
the lender from the Leyland Bss 
management consortium ■ for 
Leyland Bus should bc^ ta k en 
forward. Rover Group had 
therefore re a c h ed agreement in 
principle, subject to contract, for 
the sale of Leyland Bos and a 33 
per cent shareholding in 
Leyland Parts to a consortium of 
Leyland Bus management -and 
investment institutions. 

Parliament today. 

Commons (9.30): Summer 
adjournment debates. - 
Lords (11): Finance Bill, all 

colleagues should happen to the 
money which they received 
from the customers whom- they 
agreed should be served with his 
materials, but also what (bey 
had agreed about how : they 
should seek to obtain the money 
from customers. 

For the section 25 offence 
dishonest conduct would re- 
quire to be agreed on in the form 
of deceiving customers into 
thinking that what they were 
being offered in the buffet car 
was provided by BR and by. that 
deception inducing them to buy 
those supplies. 

On the other hand, in dealing 
wuh the second count, the 
important question would be 
whether there was an agreement 
foot the defendant and his 
colleagues, having received 

money from their customers, 
should defraud BR of money w 
which it was entitled. 

The evidence relating to 
count I would not be evidence 
supporting count 2. All that 

timiiM k* * .. .1 - — ■ 

would be required to support 
count 2 would be evidence, that 
the defendant and bis colleagues 
agreed that money which they 
had obtained from customers in 
circumstances which ‘ would 
oblige them to hand it over to 
br would be dishonestly re- 
tained by themselves. • 

The jury would be required to 
return separate verdicts - on 
count i and count 2. 

, Lpni .Goff concurred with 
Lord Bridge and Lord Makay. 

Solicitors: Ken wright ft Cox 
for Crosse &. Crosse. Exeter; 
tra Hinson & Brewer. 

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US shift on sanctions 

at review 
as criticism of 


7 -From Christopher Thomas 

* -. Mr George Shuitt, the Seo- 
■reiary of State, intimated for 
‘the. first time yesterday that 
'the United States was willing 
. to look again at its policy 
-‘towards South Africa. - 

* ! He said any action that 
■‘America might lake most be 

.co-ordinated closely with the 

* European allies,' Canada and 

Japan. . . . . 

r».He expressed concern that 
■ tuny actions taken by the US 
« might be undercut by other 
v countries, and spoke in dglib- 
T drately vague terms about the 
...possibility of future American 
v sanctions, 

* ' The tenor, of his remarks 

- suggested that immediate, pol- 
„ fcy is under intense review,- 
"with the outcome dependant 
tin large measure on .what 
” Britain, does after the visit to 
; Sbuth Africa, by Sir ’Geoffrey 
'JHowe, the Foreign Secretary. 

.“We-suppotfSir Geoffrey's 
Z. mission. We wUl be looking 
eagerly to see what results he 
utnay ' achieve and we will 
" consult with him and "our 
•'Other allies to see what, if 
Z anything, needs to be done.” 

- i- Mr Shultit; answering ques- 
. lions from journalists around 
_-foe world in a link-up, said 

Norway plans foil economic boycott 

The Norwegian Government Labour coalition wfll support 

has aaaoimced that it will call 
for a full economic boycott of 
Soath Africa when the Stort- 
ing (pariiaroeut) reconvenes in 
the antrum (Tony Samstag 
writes from Oslo). 

Mrs Gro Harlam Brundt- 
bnd, the Prime Minister, is 
confident that most if not aD of 
the parties. in- her minori ty. 

tbe boycott, as will the nation's 
industrial and religious lead- 
ers, Arbaderbladet, the. La- 
bour Party - newspaper, 
reported yesterday. .. 

. T&sa anoouncmuent .is seen 
here as a reaction to President 
's statement on Wed- 
rejecting economic 

that (hat the; influence of the 
Soviet Union on the African 
National Congress was a prob- 
lem, as was ibe ANCs support 
of armed and violent action. 
But be reiterated his call for 
the release of Mr Nelson Man- 
dela, the ANC leader. ■ 

The severity of congressio- 
nal and international criticism 
of President Reagan's policy 
speech on South Africa on 
Tuesday seems to have taken 
the Administration aback. 

Mr Shultz seemed fir more 
accommodating to a change of 
direction than when be 'testi- 
fied on Wednesday to ahostile 
Senate foreign relations com- 
mittee, which proved an enor- 
mous embarrassment as sen- 
ator after senator of both 
parties harangued him. 

“There are sanctions, so 

called, in place now ” be said 
yesterday. “Whether some ad- 
ditional ones would be helpful 
at this stage of the game, and if 
so what kind, is obviously a 
debatable question.” 

He said he was not against 
the existing diplomatic and 
political sanctions. The most 
devastating sanction was the 
one being imposed by South 
Africa itself. The market place 
was delivering a message to 
Pretoria to change. - 
. Asked what America would 
do if Britain decided, to im- 
pose punitive sanctions, Mr 
Shultz said: “Obviously the 
- views of our friends will weigh 
heavily with President Reagan 
as he considers what course we 
should follow. We are in close' 
consultation with our allies, 
and obviously we will listen.” 

Irish nurse’s death 


f (i bui 
I land: 


t lM «.*?»» >■ 

from A Correspondent, Taifj Saudi Arabia 

those who convert from Islam 
to another faith can be execat- 
ed. Execution for murder is by 
public beheading. 

The Saudisare reluctant to 
administer die death penalty 
to a Westerner, and none has 

been executed ander the rale of 
the al-Sand family. 

Mr Hall worked atTaif 
airport for a company called 
NECQ, and met and married 
his wife in Saudi Arabia. Mrs 
Hall, from Limerick, was a 
friend of Miss Feeney and 
worked with her for two years 
at Taif maternity hespitaL 
Although Sharia law is 
harsh, it offers a chance to 
escape execution. The closest 
relative of the murder victim 
can accept-“Wbod .money” 
instead of the death penalty. 
The traditional amount here is 
The ‘ equivalent df ' ahnosff 
was found. In jSandLJUafeia , £2§ e f§§; but it cap he 
^peopfo; common^ keep Jaxge negotiated. : 

vamounts of casfo - - «• ■- Missr Feeney’s family have 

r ' blinder the kingdom’s Islam- •’ safid they are hgaidstAe death 
tc' SktOia law, tetarderers, ■ penalty' tewa imposed ff the 
firmed robbers, adnlteretsaial Halkwwtned a^coirricted. 

- The British and Irish em- 
^bisanes ini Saadi Arabia in 
td gain access to an 
-Irish .ample arrested 
iwo* weeks ago in connection 
rwith the murder of an Irish 
^dmse In Ta& 

•irt'Mr Peter . Hall, who is 
{^British, and 'his Irish wife, 
are In ensfody as 
1 tions! continue into 
: death on April 17 of Helen 
vjfMBc^ agri 48, of Co Ros- 
£common, who was killed Jjy a 
-Wow from a Wont instrument 
jtotbebaseof herskuH. 

„ Mr and 'Mrs Hall were 
attested on July 15 and made 
confessions, according to Inte- 
rior Ministry information re- 
leased to the Irish Embassy. 
Sources familiar with foe case . 
~say that the eqmvalent of 
*£15000 was mssifig 1 from 
Miss Feeney, , ■ 

dljusbia . 

r Chernobyl 
$ accident 
| explained 

T • Moscow (Reuter) — The 
2? Chernobyl nuclear accident 
was caused fry improperiy- 
^ conducted tests on a generator 
—at the power stati onto see how 
Jong it could provide energy 
■n after a shut-down, a senior 
Soviet Government official 
said yesterday. 

Mr .Gennady Gerasimov, 
w the Foreign Ministry spokes- 
™ man, said the tests were 
^-designed to see whether the 
w* generator could supply energy 
for foe power station before it 
'■** was switched over toemereen- 
cy supply if one of its four 
£ reactors stopped working. 

*m • Mr Gerasimov denied that 
‘ • foe experiment had a military 
7 ..: purpose. “The main point was 
not that it was conducted, but 
--"that it was conducted without 
“ necessary . precautions,” he 
“ told a news conference. 

Soviet authorities said on 
“Saturday that negligence by 
workers conducting tests on 
foe fourth reactor had caused 
*=“ii to catch fire, sending radia- 
tion over large areas. 

"*■ The statement was ■ issued 
R after foe ruling Politburo met 
~**to discuss the repon of a 
'^government commission in- 
X^vestigating foe cause of the 
* April 26 accident 

The official death toll from 
« foe accident has reached 2S. 

. Mr.GcrasiTnov said he was 
Al -"unabfe *o give Complete tech- 
T : ‘ nical details of the causes. 

A full explanation running 
into hundreds of pages would 
‘■“‘be released when the coramis- 
— sion submitted its report to 
lUftie rmemational Atomic En- 
erg}' Agency in mid-August. 


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1995 heralds 
‘r: year of the 
2 . , Euro-doctor 

' Brussels — .For foe general 
'■ ITTpiBciltionef with a specialist 
•v qualification,- the age of foe 
-• - S^Eunnloctor will dawn in 1995 
, (Jonathan Braude writes). 

-Under .-EEC rules. agreed 
yesterday, new GPs will need 
. •-•two years' specialist training 
.fo work in a national health' 
7v r- •service or social security sys- 
r.y lem. They Will then be able to 
u . > rtj , practice in any of foe EEC's 1 2 
' "countries. 

‘ • In Britain. Denmark and 
-*>■ — The Netherlands, specific 
•• ; training is already required for 
.* * GPs and’ doctors nave the 
theoretical right to travel be- 
«»' tween foe three nations. 

150 more 
for Beirut 

Beirut — More than 150 
extra Syrian troops have been 
sent to West Beirut in appar- 
ent preparation for an ad- 
vance, in the company of 
Lebanese Army units, into the 
Shia Muslim southern sub- 
urbs of the capital (Robert 
Fisk writes). 

Despite protests from the 
radical Hezbollah “Party of 
God”, foe Syrians now seem 
intent on extending their 
“security" plan to all of West 
Beirut and eventually to foe 
front line dividing the Muslim 
and Christian sectors. 

UN head has 

United Nations (Renter) — 
The UN Secretary-General, 
Senor Javier Perez de Cuellar, 
had coronary bypass surgery 
in a New York hospital. -• 

He went into hospital on 
Wednesday for cardio-vascu- 
lar tests and was advised to 
have foe operation. _ ■ — . 

Tests ban 

Seoul (Renter) — South 
Korea, alarmed at a rise in 
abortions among women ex- 
pecting baby girls, is to ban 
pre-natal sex tests. . . 

Train tragedy 

Ankara — At least nine 
Turks were killed and 15. 
ifoured seriously when a com- 
muter train was rammed from, 
behind by an empty train in an 
Istanbul suburb. 

Death blast 

Jerusalem — Twelve Israeli 
cyclists were injured, two of 
them seriously, when a Rus- 
sian-made grenade was 
thrown from a Jericho roof- 
top. apparently by members of 
the Damascus-based Demo- 
cratic Front for the Liberation 
of Palestine. 

Drugs haul 

Rome (Reuter) - Two men 
were arrested after heroin 
worth £3 million was found in 
suitcases on a train at the 
Tarvisio border crossing from 
Austria to Italy*. 

Typhoon toll 

Peking (Reuter) — A ty- 
phoon that struck the south 
China coast killed 22 people in 
the Guangxi region and in- 
jured 700, foe New China 
News Agency reported. 

' •Scfefc' 

Roberto Porflli, left, shot dead near the Pope’s summer home, and foe axe he was carrying. 

‘Gift’ for Pope ends in death 

Rome — Highway police shot and killed a 
former civil- servant who damped a sack' of 
rubbish ootside the wall of the Pope’s summer 
residence at Caste! Gandolfo yesterday and 
threatened police guards with a heavy axe 
(Peter Nichols writes). 

Mr Roberto Porffli, aged 45, the leading 
EHnotngonist of a seemingly comic protest which 
ended in tragedy, threw the sack from his car 
against the wall of the Papal villa and in the di- 
rection of the guards. 

' He was heard to say that it was a present for 
the Pope and for the guards. He then took up 

his axe and waved it at the guards before 
jmnping into his car and driving back from the 
mountains towards Lammo on foe coast, 
where he Bved, along the Via Ardeatina. 

Mr Porffli, who had retired from his post 
with foe Ministry for Cultural Affairs, was 
under psychiatric care. 

As he drove away from Caste! Gandolfo, the 
police guards broadcast an alarm and their 
message was picked up by two highway police 
patrol cars. Tlaey chased him for several miles 
before shooting .holes in foe tyres of his car. 
The car twisted round and blocked the road. 

Gonzalez wary of 
policy minefield 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

Senor Fdipe Gonzalez was sition course. “We do not 

know whether 

sworn in yesterday before 
King Juan Carlos for a second 
four-year terra as Spain’s 
Prime Minister. 

Only MPs of his own Social- 
ist Iparty had voted, for. him in 
Parliament' foe night before. 
His new term was confirmed 
by 184 votes to 144, with foe 
six Basque Nationalists abs- 

Senor Gonzalez later said 
that he would have liked to 
have wider parliamentary sup- 
port, as when he first became 
premier in 1982. 

The. Socialist leader, aged 
.44, was expected to announce 
the. names of his third admin- 
istration later -yesterday. But 
he had previously said he- felt 

you want a 
dynamic Spanish society or 
one without any protagonists 
at allT Senor Suarez told foe 
Socialist leader. In his various 
interventions in the debate. 
Senor Gonz&ez had offered 
only a programme based on 
continuing foe economic poli- 
cy of the past three years and 
combatting Eta by using foe 
present means. - 
. The government - pro- 
gramme contained no new 
concrete proposals. The So- 
cialist Party's experience of 
making pledges which could 
not then be achieved in gov- 
ernment, culminating, in the 
policy switch over Nato mem- 
bership, has evidently bitten 
that “there is no need for big deep. Senor Gonzalez kept 


The two-day debate preced- 
ing foe vote was dominated by 
the question of terrorism, 
partly inevitable after Eta’s 
two spectacular attacks in 
Madrid, but also due partly to 
the Prime Minister's own 
hollow performance in Parl- 

Lacking in -content, it gave 
Spaniards little idea of what 
foe Government required, of 
them during the" next few 
years. Nor could it fire them 
with any fresh enthusiasm. 

This aspect was singled out 
by Senor Adolfo Suarez, the 
former Prime Minister, who, 
in contrast to what happened 
in ] 982, led his new band of 19 
MPs to vote against Senor 
Gonzalez, setting a clear oppo- 

this time to generalities. 

The Prime Minister insisted 
that he wanted more efficien- 
cy from the Spanish bureau- 
cracy. something he bad 
already promised in 1 982. But 
he denied that the power of 
the state has grown signifi- 
cantly under the Socialists. - 

On Eta, he employed his 
toughest language yet. but 
again he kept to generalities. 

A dear division emerged in 
Parliament between the 
tougher repressive measures 
called for by SeAor Manuel 
Fraga. foe right-wing Opposi- 
tion leader, and foe Basque 
parties, seconded by SeAor 
Suarez, which insisted that 
police action must be accom- 
panied by wider political 

•' \ : 

• A " - ' 


For the price of twelve lib packets of 
peanuts each week, you could treat 
yourself to one 1^290Ib cat 

Put another way, buy anew Citroen 
2CV Special during June, July or 
August and its yours for just £19.74* 
a week. 

•What do you get for such precious 
little money? 

Precious little, actually. 

Teething troubles were ironed 

CITROEN 20/—^ 

A Citroen 2CV still meanders from 
A to B with a bare minimum of moving 
parts. (So there’s less to go wrong.) 

And still does so on the bare mini- 
mum of petrol 




6 * 0 % 














(No-one’s ever got a frill set of 
tumblers at the pumps with our frugal 
little runabout) 

- For details of this and other nutty 
offers dial. 100 and ask for Freefone 
Citroen, or write to Freepost Citroen 
at the address below. 

Alternatively, ‘drop in on your 
nearest dealer. 


It’s not everyday you 

*36 monthly reoaymatts ot £8555 is equivalent to approx. £19.74 per week. 

get a chance to she 
less for a Citroen 2CV. 



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Peres still confident of peace prospects 

From Ian Murray 

Two positive things 
emerged from his meetings m 
the Atlas Mountains with 
King Hassan of Morocco. Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
Prime Minister, daimed when 
he arrived back at Ben-Gurion 
Airport early yestendayr' 

The first was “an agreement 
that there would be a 
continuation 14 . The second 
was that “we e ven found a 

Mr George Bush, the US Vk*- 
Prearident, who visits Israel Cor 
three days from Sunday, yes- 
terday sent a warm message of 
cxHtgratnbtkHk to Mr Peres for 
his “historic” trip to Morocco 
(but Murray writes Gnm Jeru- 
salem). It was, he said, an 
important step in. creating an 
'atmosphere which would fos- 
ter a broaderpcace. 

common language to sum up 
the visit” by producing a joint 
statement. - 

For Mr Peres the new aspen 
of what he called his “historic 
visit", made after a "daring 
initiative" by the King, was 
that a second Arab leader — 
after President Sadat of Egypt 
nearly 10 years ago - had 
“overcome what can be called 
the curtain of shame". 

“He agreed to meet face to 
face, in daylight, in bis p a lace , 
and to discuss all the sensitive 
issue." Mr Peres said. 

No details of what the two 
leaders discussed have em- 
erged, but they are reported to 
have talked about holding an 
international peace confer- 
ence in Morocco which both 

Kin g Hassan, left, and Mr Peres shake hands during their historic meeting, which delivered little of substance. 

Mr Peres has also been No timetable for the future 
quoted as having told the King was agreed despite the prom- 
thai he would be prepared to ise of "continuation", 
with three PLO- 

lsrael and the Palestine Liber- 
ation Organization (PLO) 
would attend. 

It is something Mr Peres is 
unlikely even to put before his 
Cabinet in his remaining three 
months as Prime Minister 
before he bands over to Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir, the Likud 

There is growing specula- 
tion here, therefore, that if 
there were quick movement 
now on the Arab side, Mr 
Peres might be prepared to 
risk bringing down the coali- 

Text of Ifrane communique 

“His Majesty King Hassan 
II has, on July 22 aad 23 of 
1986, received at his palace in 
Ifrane, Mr Shimon Peres, 
Prime Minister of IsraeL Ow- 
ing the talks, marked with 
frankness and devoted essen- 
tially to the study of the Fez 
Plan, the Moroccan Sovereign 
and the Israel) Prime Minis- 
ter, analysed, in depth, the 
situation in the Middle East 
and the conditions, in form and 
in substance, likely to contrib- 
ute efficiently to the establish- 
ment of peace in this regioa. 

“His Majesty King Hassan 
II gave a presentation of the 
Fez Plan, explaining his views 

concerning the merit of each of 

its elements and suggesting 
that this plan has the double 
merit of, on the one hand, 
constituting the sole document 
which is objectively valid as to 
serve as a basis for a Just and 
durable peace and, on the 

other hand, being the object of 

an Arab consensus, m contrast 
with any other plan or peace 

“la his torn, Mr Shimon 

Peres darified his observation 
on the Fez Plan, putting forth 
ditions be deems necessary for 
the installation of peace. 

“As the meeting was of a 
purely exploratory nature, 
aiming at no moment at engag- 
ing in negotiations, his Majes- 
ty King Hassaa II will inform 
the Arab leaders, and Mr 
Shimon Peres his government, 
of the points of view developed 
during the talks." 

• The Fez Plan was drafted by 
the Arab summit conference in 
the Moroccan city in 1982 (Ian 
Murray writes). It recognized 
Israel for the first tune, on 
condition that it withdrew 
from all Arab territories occu- 
pied in 1967, including east 

The plan also called for 
Palestinian setf-determination 
under the leadership of the 
Palestine liberation Organi- 

Israel rejected the plan out- 
right when it was produced 
from the Arab summit 

• • 

Morocco visit test 
of Arab sincerity 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

Ifrane is approximately 
1.800 miles from the land the 
Arabs still cal! Palestine. Polit- 
ical reality, for the Arabs, ai 
least is somewhat further 

Having no unity them- 
selves, they could not produce 
a co-ordinated response to the 
visit of Mr Shimon Peres, the 
Israeli Prime Minister, to 

tence, is one of the most 
difficult experiences that any 
Arab leader has to undergo. 

Yet they faced it at the Fez 
summit in September 1982 
and can scarcely afford to 
object too violently when 
King Hassaa takes the process 
a stage further. Nor did they 
do so. 

True, the Fez conference of ! 

King Hassan of Morocco. And Arab leadeis was held in the 
having no consensus on the angry, traumatic aftermath of 
future of the Palestine that so Israel's invasion of Lebanon, 
many of them envisage, they Yet it represented a momen- 
found it difficult, if not impos- tous shin in Arab thinking; 

thenceforward, Arabs were 

ribie, to make any positive 
criticism of the summiL 
To find out after two days 
that the King was discussing 
the Fez plan for Middle East 
peace, which embodied their 
own implicit acceptance of the 
slate of IsraeL was in some 

prepared — according to the 
summit's seventh resolution 
— to “guarantee peace among 
all states of the region includ- 
ing the independent Pakstin- ] 
ian state". 

In other words, Israel as a 

ways a profoundly depressing state within its pre-1967 bor- 
d recovery for Arab leaders. ders was also to be accepted as 

Many times in the past the a nation by the Arabs. 

Arabs have signalled their For this, they demanded the 
preparedness to accept the return of all captured Arab 
idea of an Israeli state. They lands since 1967. including the 
have not done so too openly. West Bank and Gaza Strip, 
of course; internal opposition and the acceptance of a sover- 
and the fear of being com pro- eign Palestinian state with its 
mised at subsequent peace seat of government in the 
negotiations have seen to that, “eternal capital" of Jerusalem. 

But the most acutely embar- It is unlikely that King 

rassing factor for many Arab Hassan got much further than 

leaders has been the idea that 
their words might become 
reality, that they might one 
day actually Have to meet — to 
shake hands with — an Israeli 

In Morocco, King Hassan 
did just that. And if the 
precedents arc not happy ones 
— no-one in the Middle East 
forgets the price President 
Sadat paid for his visit to 
Jerusalem and his subsequent 
peace treaty with Israel — it is 
nonetheless true that the Arab 
world did not crumble the 
moment Mr Peres arrived in 

Facing the reality of Israel, 

or facing the reality of their 

expressing his own view that 
this document, however 
flawed in Israeli eyes, at least 
represents an Arab consensus 
today so evidently lacking. 

How the Arab states ulti- 
mately respond to the Hassan- 
Peres talks will nevertheless 
demonstrate how seriously 
they took their own promises 
back in 1982. 

Most of them — save for 
Egypt and. privately. Jordan — 
do not like the idea that the 
Moroccan King acluaHy 
talked to Mr Peres. But the 
Ifrane summit was a test of 
their sincerity all the same. 
For promises, as an Iranian 
proverb says, are only of value 

own knowledge of its exis- to those who believe in them. 

Terror bombs 
damage laser 
study centre 

Bonn — Two explosions 
-daimed by an uaknown terror- 
ist group caused severe dam- 
age to a laser research 
institute hi Aachen yesterday 
(One Correspondent writes). 

■ Left-wing terrorists calling 
themselves the “Fighting Unit 
Shehan Attain daimed re- 
sponsibility. Security agencies 
do not know the name. 

They demanded, among oth- 
er things, the bringing togeth- 
er of Jailed Red Array Faction 
t er r ori st s into one 

Belgrade sets 
penalties for 
price fixers 

Belgrade (Reuter) — A Yu- 
goslav parliamentary commit- 
tee has drawn up tough new 
legislation with stiff jail terms 
for business leaden convicted 
of violating price restrictions. 

The oftitial Taqjug news 
agency said that directors and 
executives could be jailed for 
up to five years for foiling to 
warn competent departments 
within their companies 
against price irregularities or 
to prevent unapproved price 

tion government and forcing 
an election in order to win a 
mandate to continue peace 
negotiations along the tines 
discussed in the Moroccan 
palace at Ifrane. 

According to some reports, 
this would mean discussion of 
an idea floated by the King for 
a Palestinian “homeland" on 
the West Bank in confedera- 
tion with Jordan. A solution of 
this kind was described by 
Mrs Thatcher during her visit 
to Israel in May as the best 
available option. 

linked West Bank and Gaza 

While he is said .to have 
agreed that a homeland could 
be set up, it could not indude 
East Jerusalem or strategic 
parts of the West Bank along 
the River Jordan. In this 
homeland, Israel would retain 
control of security, leaving 
economic administration to 
an Arab government 

Looking totally relaxed and 
very confident the Israeli 
Prime Minister was m no way 
dismayed that the King had 
emphasised negative aspects 
of the meeting during his 
broadcast to the Moroccan 
nation after it was over. 

The joint statement said 
that the talks were marked 
with frankness, and officials 
on the Israeli side stressed that 
there had been no attempt at 

all to negotiate. The aim bad 
been to clarify the position of 
the two sides, with Israel 
hoping that the King, who is 
currently chairman of the 
Arab League, was speaking for 
a consensus of Arab states. 

Mr Peres was told firmly 
that progress could come only 
through following the so- 
called Fez Plan, which would 
mean recognizing Israel in 
return for its giving up the 
territories it has occupied 
since 1967 and negotiating 
with the PLO. • 

Although none of the details 
of the talks were released, Mr 
Uri Savir, the Prime Min- 
ister's personal spokesman, 
said that the meetings were 
exceptionally friendly. 

He said the two rides spent 
only a total of three hours and 
five minutes actually meeting 
each other over the two days, 

The King had paid a 35- 
minute courtesy call to wel- 
come Mr Peres to the Palace 
on Monday evening. On Tues- 
day there had been a substan- 
tive meeting of 105 minutes, 
after which working parties 
were set up to draft the joint 
statement. A last meeting on 
Wednesday went on for 45 
minutes, with the two leaders 
alone together for just 10 
minutes at the end. 

Their discussions through- 
out were conducted in French, 
and. it was in Paris that 
officials for the two sides had 
met earlier this month to 
make all the arrangements. 

“Apart from the meetings 
we seemed to spend most of 
our time eating," one of the 
Israeli delegation said. “1 have 
never seen so much food." 

Reagan in 

offer to 


From Frederick Bonoart 


President Reagan will make 

a counter-proposal next week 
In his reply to the gJEJJj 
June 23 from Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Sonet leader, 
ou nuclear arms controL 

He will offer a firm agree- 
ment not to renounce the I97Z 
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty 
for five years, according to a 
senior Western official, and 
will express his willingness to 
continue negotiations on » 
thereafter for 2 Vi years. 

He will also request a 
reduction of 50 per cent « 
strategic nuclear weapons. Mr 

Gorbachov fas proposed? 39 
per cent redaction and a 
commitment not to withdraw 
from the “strict interpret- 
ation" of the ABM treaty for 
15 to 20 years. 

At present the treaty can he 
renounced by either party at 
six months' notice. It bas an 
important bearing on Presi- 
dent Reagan's Strategic De- 
fence Initiative: strict inter- 
pretation would prevent de- 
ployment of any anti-ballistic 
missiles in space, even for 

America's allies throughout 
Europe and Asia have been 
consulted closely on Mr 
Reagan's reply. 

■Oaattogllor Kohl of West 
Germany sent him a personal 
letter on Tuesday supporting 
his proposals in falL 

Trade fair 
Soviet ties 
with China 

From Christopher Walker 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachovs 
drive to improve lies between 
the two biggest communist 
Swtook Trigniftont step 
forward yesterday when Chi- 
nese models in Peking design- 
^dresses strutted to Western 
pop music as they opened the 
preview of China s first trade 
fair in the Soviet Union for 33 

^Russian women applauded 
many of the stunning design^ 
whicn were much more stylish 
than anything they are used, to 

at home. ... , . 

The 17-day fair, complete 
with displays of satellite tech- 
nology, Great Wall video re- 
corders, Shanghai-made tele- 
visions. a triple-language mi- 
crocomputer and Chinese 
“Sunflower” brand vodka, 
was Ihe most concrete exam- 
ple to date of the improving 
links between Moscow and 

Peking. . F 

Other recent signs of a 
gradual thaw came earlier inis 
month when the first group of 
Chinese' trade unionists to 
visit the Soviet Union for 20 
years arrived in Moscow. - 

Ideological differences ap- 
peared forgotten at least tem- 
porarily yesterday as eager 
Soviet viators -gazed with 
undisguised enthusiasm at the 
unfamiliar products being pre- 
sented by five Chinese minis- 
tries and 22 trading firms. 

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Bus bomb kills 
31 in Sri Lanka 
as devolution 
talks adjourn 

-- From Vijitha Yapa, Colombo 

• Thirty-one people were 
. killed and 67 injured in an 
explosion aboard a bus in Sri 

- JJanka-s North Central Prov- 
‘ wee yesterday while President 

Jayewardene was welcoming 
: -President Ershad of Bangla- 
desh inColombo. 

The mid-day explosion hap- 
..pened a few hours before 
moderate Tamil United Liber- 
ation Front (TULF) leaders 
-■ left for Madras from Colombo 
. -gfter detailed discussions with 
the Sri Lanka Government on 

- proposals for devolution to 
• jsoive the island’s ethnic 
s -problem. 

The explosion in the bos, at 
a village near the town of 
Vavuniya, about' 125 miles 
north of Colombo, was bo* 
lievedto have been caused by 
a parcel bomb. 

ft was the second explosion 
: involving a government bus in 
Ithe area this week. Thirty- 
seven people were killed when 
a landmine explosion, be- 
lieved to be the work of 
ejaeparatist. Tamil guerrillas, 
.'ripped apart a bus on 
.Tuesday;. ■ 

Meanwhile the secretariat 
/fix the political parties' con- 
ference m Colombo said that 
. the Government had frank 

and detailed discussions with 
the TULF delegation from 
July 13 to this Wednesday on 
the proposals for devolution 
of power. 

The secretariat said that the 
; matters raised during the dis- 
cussions were - the constitu- 
tional framework relating to 
devolution, the unit of devo- 
lution. land and land settle- 
ment, law and' order' and 
financing of devolution. 

Though the. discussions 
were useful; agreement had 
not been reached -on several 
matters, it said. 

The TULF delegation is 
now expected to have discus- 
sions with the movement's 
polrtburo and the Tamil mili- 
tants and is due back in Sri 
Lanka m the middle of next 
month to continue the talks. 

• Star approached: Presi- 
dent Jayewardene has asked 
Sri Lanka's biggest film star, 
Vijaya Kumaratupga, whom 
he once put in jail, to try to 
negotiate a ceasefire with 
Tamil separatists. 

Mr Jayewardene ap- 
proached the 40-year-old 
screen lover, who is also an 
opposition politician, to seek 
talks with the rebels to end 

.General to 
| face Lima 
5 riot trial 

. : Lima (AP) — A judge has 
ordered the arrest and cmUan 
trial of an army general ac- 
' cased of coramanduig the exe- 
catkins, of 124 rioting rebel 
•V prisoners after they sarren- 

- deredfcwt month. 

-r Judge. Heraan Satnrno or- 

- dered the immediate arrest of 
* General Jorge Httowl, who 
•- directed the operation to end a 

riot by Maoist-inspired Sea- 
don Ijm/tma(BkMng Path) 
•: prisoners at -lisa's Lnri- 
gandio jail ou June 18 and 19. 
v He ordered on Wednesday 
. that the general be confined to 
; an army barracks throughout 
tl* trial. 

The; judge charged General 
RabanaL, commander of the 
' Army's armoured dirisiou, 
wifo murder in the executions 
by Pftn»Nimn fiwwlidlfrtf 
■ ' * ■ 


* big a tour of Ti^anduLop 

. June’ 27 that. Kepabikan 

Guard police had shot and 
- : kiUed raore thaii lW rioting 
prisoners afifcr Ifiqr' had otp 
rendered. Many were shot In 
" the bead, as if executed. 

■ He said that the Mamie 

• would go “as high as it has to 
•' go”, in an apparent reference 
*■ to overall military respousibi]- 

r ky for ending nots at three 
Lima prisons^ His statement 
led to a political crisis. 


President Garda: prisoners 
were shot after surrender. 

Forced loans by drivers 
help Brazil’s economy 

From A Correspondent, Belem, Brazil 

President Samey of Brazil 
has announced measures to 
cool the economy and bolster 
the six-month-old anti-infla- 
tion programme. 

Brazilians yesterday began 
to pay up to 30 per cent more 
for petrol and for new and 
used cars. These “compulsory 
loans” would be returned to 
car owners in four years, 
officials said. International air 
feres were raised by 25 per 
cent, non-refundable. 

The Government expects to 
collect $90 billion (£60 mil- 
lion) from the measures. This 
will be put into a national 
development fond for anti- 
ppverty programmes and so- 
cial Investments, such as 
expanding the overburdened 
electricity system. 

Senhor Samey declared on 
television on Wednesday. “I 
will be the last president of an 
underdeveloped Brazil.” His 
voice often wavering with 
emotion, he vowed to liberate 
the nation from “all depend- 
encies” and to eliminate the 
“extreme poverty that punish- 
es one fifth of the Brazilian 

He has also eased restric- 
tions on foreign capitaL Offi- 
cials say this will inject an 
extra $200 million a year into 
Brazil's active stock markets. 

The measures were needed 
to bait consumer spending, 
which has boosted production 
by 14 per cent and retail sales 
by 25 per cent since January, 
and to defend the cruzado 
plan, the economic stabiliza- 
tion programme which, ac- 
cording to government econ- 
omists, reduced inflation from 
250 per cent to about 40 per 
cent in six months. 

As demand soared due to 
frozen prices and higher real 
wages, however, industrial 
production reached capacity, 
bringing new inflationary 

Hie Government defends 
the measures as a taxation on 
wealthier consumers, but lead- 
ing members of the Brazilian 
Democratic Movement, the 
major party in the ruling 
coalition, are worried that the 
tariff on petrol will punish 
labourers and the middle 
class, an important voting 
block. Sixty million Brazilians 
will vote in congressional and 
gubernatorial elections in 
November. • 

Some -businessmen argue 
that such national foods are 
notoriously badly adminis- 
tered. and that the revenues 
would be better put into 
private industry than govern- 
ment coffers. 

Himalaya border stalemate 

Peking (Reuter) — No sub- 
stantial progress has been 
nude In a seventh round of 
talks between China and India 
on their disputed Himalayan 
border. The dispute sparked a 
brief war in 1962. 

The New China News Agen- 

cy says that the talks, which 
ended in. Peking yesterday, 
were useful and were held in a 
friendly and frank atmo- 
sphere. Mutual understanding 
was enhanced, “but die talks 
made no substantial pro- 

Officer is 
charged on 
burn death 

Santiago (AP) — A civilian 
judge has indicted a Chilean 
Army lieutenant in the feral 
burning -of a young photogra- 
pher during a two-day strike 
against the military rule of | 
President Pinochet. 

Judge - Alberto Echavarria 
issued the indictment against 
Lt Pedro Fernandez, who was 
among 25 soldiers arrested 
after the death of Rodrigo 
Rojas, aged 1 9, a Chilean who 
had been living in the United 

The judge ordered 17 of the 
soldiers to be freed on Mon- 
day, and the other seven on 
Wednesday, when he indicted 
Fernandez. . 

The caseis expected to go to 
a military court. Chilean mili- 
tary personnel tried 

Washington, whop he. had 
lived nearly j L years with- his 
mother, Sefibra Veronica de 
Negri, a political exile. 

- Witnesses, Omrch sources, 
lawyers and human rights 
activists said that Rojas and 
Seflorita Carmen Gloria Quin- 
tana, aged 18, a Santiago 
University student, were de- 
tained in a Santiago working 
class district on July 2, the first 
day of the two-day national- 

They said that soldiers 
doused the pair with petrol 
and set them alight, then 
wrapped them in blankets, out 
them in a lorry and drove 

They were found severely 
burned in a country area about 
10 miles away. Rojas died four 
days later and Senorita Quin- 
tana is in a critical condition 
at a Santiago hospital. 

Soldiers freed by the judge 
include two other officers, live 
non-commissioned officers 
and 17 conscripts. . 

The “Singapore Girl” made famous by Singapore Airlines' 

advertisements is among many hostesses fighting the 
company's ruling that they most retire at 35. 

judges at 
odds with 

From Jan Raath 
• Harare 

Two senior Customs offi- 
cers were back in Zimbabwe's 
Supreme Court yesterday, 
seeking their release in a case 
which may result in a serious 
clash between the country's 
judiciary and its security 

Mr John Austin, aged 36, 
and Mr Kenneth Harper, aged 
43, were arrested late in 
February on allegations of 
spying for South Africa. But 
the judiciary has consistently 
dismissed the allegations as 
having no substance. 

Three times their release 
has been followed by rearrest 
on new detention orders, with 
reasons differing little from 
those rejected by the courts. 

: In the Supreme Court yes- 
terday, Mr Adrian de Bour- 
bon. a lawyer, paved the way 
for a clash between judges and 
security agencies, asking not 
only for the two officers’ 
release but also for an order 
prohibiting their rearresL 
In his judgement ordering 
their freeing on June 24, the 
Chief Justice, MrEnock Dum- 
butsena, warned of “the inev- 
itable breakdown in law and 
order, resulting in uncivilized 
chaos because the courts can- 
not enforce their own orders”. 

After five hours of argu- 
ment, the Supreme Court 
judgement was reserved until 

Crackdown on Solidarity 

Walesa warns of 
big political trial 

Warsaw (Reuter) — Mr 
Lech Walesa, the Solidarity 
leader, said yesterday he 
thinks that the Polish authori- 
ties are planning a big political 
trial for him ana otber opposi- 
tion figures. 

Gdansk police questioned 
him daring foe day for the 
eighth time io foe case of Mr 
Zbigukw Bqjak, foe captured 
underground Solidarity 

■ Speaking from his flat after- 
wards, Mr Walesa saM that “a 
new, big political trial against 
me and others” was being 

Asked whom he had in 
mind, be gave the names of two 
dose advisers, Mr Bronislaw 
Geremek and Mr Tadeusz 
Mazowiedd, and of a friend, 
Father Henryk Jankowski, an 
outspoken priest All were 
recently questioned in Mr 
Bujak's case. 

Mr Bqjak, captured last 
Ma,y after almost 4!A years in 
hiding, was a foamier member 
of the Solidarity Pro visional 
Co-ordinating Commission 
(TKK) and Ted the under- 
ground activities of the onion's 
Warsaw chapter. 

: la Warsaw, Interior Minis- 
try officials summoned Mr 
Geremek for his 20th day of 
qoestioniiig in the Bojak case. 

Family sources said that he 
was later taken to a prosecu- 
tor, charged with having taken 
part in an illegal organization 
and ordered not to leave the 

Opposition sources say that 
Mr Henryk Wqjec, a leading 
opposition activist , serving 
three months for participation 
in last year's May Day demon- 
stration, was charged last 
week with the same offences. 

They added that the 
charges, which carry a maxi- 
mum penalty of three years' 
jaft, stem from official suspi- 
cion that both men were 
members of the Warsaw 

Mr Walesa has admitted 
having met Mr Bojak clandes- 
tinely several times. He has 
tacitly supported protest ac- 
tions called by the TKK but 
avoided signing its appeals 
with his name. In Jn&e, how- 
ever, he issued a joint state- 
ment with the TKJK condem- 
ning Mr Bujak's arrest 

Mr Jacek Karon, a leading 
opposition figure, and Mr 
Janusz Onyszfciewicz, a for- 
mer national Solidarity spok- 
esman, have also been 
questioned many times recent- 
ly in Mr Bujak's case. 

During the day a law came 
into force foreshadowing the 
prpbable release of most of 
Boland's estimated 350 politi- 
cal prisoners. 

The Ministry of Justice 
would not say how- -many 
political offenders would be 
released. The Warsaw pros- 
ecutor's office said that those 
sentenced by misdemanoar 
courts for Hp to three months' 
jxU wooJd be among the first to 

may visit 
in Pacific 

From Dfqim Goddes 

Baris • • 

.M Jacques Chirac, the 
French Prime Minister, may 
.visit the two- French agents 
involved in the New Zealand 
bombing, of the Greenpeace 
flagship, the Rainbow War- 
rior, and now on the Pacific 
island of Hao, when he visits 
New Caledonia next month or 
early in September. 

This .was indicated by his 
spokesman at his weekly press 
briefing yesterday. V 

The agents were released 
from prison in Auckland , on 
Tuesday io exchange .for 37 
million (about £4.7 niiIlion)in 
compensation to "New Zea- 
land and a formal apology. - 

.The apology, signed by .M 
Chirac and approved by Presi- 
dent Mitterrand, read: “Dear; 
Prime Minister, the French 
Minister for Foreign Affairs 
informed you on September 
22, 1985, that “as a result of 
new investigations carried out 
by the French Government, it 
appears that the attack against 
the Rainbow Warrior was the 
work of agents of the French 
services'. My predecessor told ~ 
you on the same day lhatihe 
regretted the consequences of 
this affeir on the relations 
between our two countries. 

“1 would now like to present 
you with the apologies of the 
French Government for the 
events which took place in 
Auckland in July 1985.” 

at an 


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While Sir Geoffrey Howe tours Africa, Michael Hornsby tests the realities of apartheid reform 



XhP stubborn refusal of President 
P.W. Botha and bis lieutenants to 
give any further ground on the 
ajKurlhefd Issue arises In part from 
their belief that they bare already 
committed themselves to far-reach- 
ing changes for which the outside 
world has-giyen them scant credit. 

large measure, Botha has only 
himself to blame. By dedaring a 
state of emergency on June. 12, at 
exactly the moment when some of the 
mast important of these changes, 
such as the abolition of the “pass 
laws”, were going, through parlia- 
ment, he ensured that. the world's 
attention would be elsewhere. 
^Nonetheless, die government's re- 
forms deserve -closer examination. 
The ma in features are described on 
this page and what emerges is that, 
v&ffle the edifice of apartheid has 
igfteed been dealt several Wows, the 

Pass Laws and 
freedom of movement 

lie most important reform passed 
_ jring the last session of parliament 
was the Abolition of the Influx 
Control Bill, which came into effect 
afcjuly 1, as promised by President 
Botha when he opened parliament 
las January. It entailed the repeal, 
Wholly or partly, of 34 laws. 

The main implications of this for 
blacks (a term which in South 
African parlance excludes Indians 
and mixed-blood coloureds) are; 

• They can live and work in any 
hrffen area outside the tribal reserves 
or homelands without special 

• They can bring their families to 
fee place where they are Jiving or 
Working. Previously, blades were 
forbidden to remain in a “prescribed 
area" — a city or town outside the 
homelands - for longer than 72 
Jfoprs without an exemption. There 
were basically two forms of 

• Some Macks, over four million out 
of a total black population of 23 
million, had permanent urban resi- 
dence status (“Section 10 rights"). 
3p(‘A farther 1-2 million or so were 
registered “migrants" — they were 
jgtydwed into urban areas on tempo- 
rary employment contracts, but had 
:fo leave their families in the home- . 
lands. These exemptions had to be 
siamped into the “reference book" — 
Jknown to all blacks as the "dompas" 
(Afrikaans for “stupid pass"). 

r Those restrictions have ended, but 
foe Abolition of Influx Control Bill, 
'Jy£ilea huge step forward, still leaves 
intact serious restrictions. 


:This has been used as one of the 
•main instruments for denying politi- 
cal rights to blacks. Ail blacks are 
allocated citizenship of one of the 10 
.tribal homelands on the basis of 
Jing uistic. cultural, familial or geo- 
graphical ties. Hitherto, blacks re- 
' tained their South African 
. citizenship until such time as their 
homeland accepted “independence" 
from Pretoria, at which point they 
became aliens in South Africa (even 
■ if> they had never lived in their 

main pillars remain intact. To con- 
servative whites, the changes are 
almost revolutionary, but toe reac- 
tion of most pofitically-aware blacks 
has been a mixture of scorn and 
indifference, a sort of collective shrug 
of the shoulders. 

One of the reasons is Mack 
suspicion that what the government 
gives with one hand it takes away 
with the other, for example, will the 
controls on movement enshrined in 
the now-abolished “pass laws" sim- 
ply be replaced by manipulation of 
the citizenship and anti-squatter 
laws? ■ 

The debate has moved beyond 
sneb matters as segregated cinemas 
and buses to the fundamental ques- 
tion of political power. All the 
evidence is that while Pretoria talks 
of “sharing power", it still intends to 
retain ultimate control. 

According to government figures, 
the “independence" of Transkei and 
Ciskei, both Xhosa homelands, in 
1 976 and 1981. and Bophuthatswana 
-and Venda, homelands of the 
Tswana and Venda peoples, in 1977 
and 1979, stripped 8,912.000 blacks 
(more than a third of the entire black 
population) of their South African 

The promulgation on July 2 of the 
Restoration of South African Citi- 
zenship Bill means that 1,751,000 
blacks of Tswana. Venda and Xhosa 
origin, deemed by the government to 
be “permanently resident" outside 
their homelands, may now apply in 
writing for return of their South 
African citizenship. 

The remaining 7,161.000 Xhosas, 
Vendas and Tswanas living in the 
four “independent" homelands re- 

Search me: blacks in the townships do not ahrays have a resigned attitude to frisking by the army and police 

main foreigners. Dual 
homeland/Souih African citizenship 
for these blacks is being discussed, 
but the homeland leaders are jealous 
of their own sovereignty and seem 
unlikely to agree. 

• In theory, blacks in 
Bophuthatswana, Transkei, Ciskei 
and Venda can now apply for South 
African citizenship by naturalization 
after five years of “permanent 
residence" outside the homelands. 
But they would first have to apply for 
a “permanent residence" permit, 
like any other alien. 


Linked to the new citizenship law is 
the introduction of a uniform identi- 
. ty document for all races, which, in 

the case of blades, replaces the old 
“reference book". The new docu- 
ment is colour-blind in that it omits 
lhe numerical coding which previ- 
ously indicated the holder's race 
group- This is a purely symbolic 
change, however, as a person's race is 
still recorded at birth on the central 
population register. 

All whites, Indians and (mixed- 
blood) coloureds will also have to 
furnish the Ministry of Home Affairs 
with their fingerprints within five 
years, failure to do so being punish- 
able by a fine of R500 (£130) or a jail 
term not exceeding six months, or 
both. Blacks have always been 
fingerprinted. The security police 
insisted that this practice continue, 
so in the interests of uniformity it 
has now been extended to the entire 

Housing and property 


Population Reg is tration Act At 
birth all South Africans must be reg- 
istered as belonging to one of four 
broad race groups - whites, Macks, 
coloureds and Indians. Blacks and 
coloureds are further subdivided into 
. tribal and etfiniq/natiofiaJ units. 

Whites are spared such sub- 
classification Onto Greek, Italian, 
English or Afrikaner, for example), - 
thus becoming, Iri the official view, ■ 
the second biggest "minority" (after 
- -the Zulus) in- agnation of ■ 
minorities”. The existence of a black 
majority; is not acknowledged. 

Natives Land Act Enacted in 
1913, and supplemented by further 
legislation In 1936, this Act allo- 
cates 86.3 per cent of the South Af- 
rican land mass to whites, and 
13.7 per cent - the territory occupied 
by the tribal "homelands" — to 
more than six times as many blades. 
Although the presence of blacks 
- outside the homelands (n large and 
growing numbers is now accepted . 
as permanent and irreversible, they 
are still there on white sufferance, 
confined by law to township ghettos 
on the fringes of cities, still in law 
the white man's domain. 

Group Areas Act and the Sepa- 
rate Amenities Act These two pieces 
of legislation compel whites, 

Macks, coloureds and Indians to live 
in separate urban areas, and they 
also maintain the segregation of a 
wide range of amenities from state 
schools and hospitals to trains and 
buses. Over the past year or so 

the general principle of social 
segregation has been relaxed In a 
number of ways: 

• Blacks may now own shops and 
businesses (but not live) in many cen- 
tral business districts. 

• Local authorities have been al- 
lowed to open cinemas to all races, 
and about 90 per cent of the 

country's cinemas have gone multi- 

• Black students at predominantly 
white universities will not need spe- 
cial permits to stay in hostels on 
campus. In a related development, 
the Liquor Act was amended ear- 
ner this year to permit hotels and res- 
taurants to admit all races (though 
they are not obliged to do so). 

Under the Black Communities De- 
velopment Amendment Bill, en- 
acted in June, full freehold property 
rights were granted to all blacks who 
are South African citizens or. if they 
are from one of the four 
“independent" homelands, who are 
legal immigrants. 

The practical impact of this is not 
huge since 99-year leasehold has 
existed since 1979. Blacks can only 
own property outside the homelands 
in areas designated by the govern- 
ment under the Group Areas Act A 
recent study put the urban housing 
shortage at 53&000 units for blacks, 
52,000 for coloureds and 44,000 for 
Indians, against a surplus of -37,000 
for whites. 

It is feared that by strictly ration- 
ing black housing, and using stiff- 
ened anti-squatter taws the 
government could still exercise in- 
flux control. 

Political rights 

Cover story: a pamphlet inviting blacks to apply for “colour blind" 
Identity documents. A real change, or restriction by another name? 

In May, parliament passed the 
National Council Bilk which' pur- 
ports to offer blacks “participation tri 
. foe planning and preparation ‘of <f 
new constitutional .dispensation",' 
and ?a voice in. the processes ' of 
government in the interim period". 

The council will be chaired by 
President Botha. It will consist o£ 

• The Chief Ministers of the eight 
non-independent homelands; 

• The chairmen of the white, Indian 
and coloured ministers' councils in 
tiie tri-cameral parliament 

• At least 10 people chosen by the 
President from nominations made 
by “organizations, institutions and 
interest groups"; 

• Such members of the Cabinet as 
the President sees fit from time to 
lime to appoint," 

• Up to 10 other people appointed 
by the President. 

So far no black leader of any 
substance has been willing to join 
the council. Even the National 
African Federated Chamber of Com- 
merce, a conservative middle-class 
body representing black business- 
men, recently decided not to put up 
any nominees. 



£12,000 to be won 


War ganxsa. chaMngw Kasparov (loft) (aces Karpov 

Opening gambit 

How London beat the complexities of 
international chess politics and won the right to 
stage the opening games of the World Chess 
Championships. Next week, Anatoly Karpov 
and Gary Kasparov meet across the board amid 
the high security of the Park Lane Hotel 

Backbone of Return to 
a continent the boards 
Journey through Sir John Mills’s 
the Himalayas National debut 

Flying makes you feel like a prince 

It is a fair bet that if the 
Duchess of York learns to fly 
she will become as addicted to 
the sensation as other air- 
struck women. Learning to fly 
is exciting, absorbing and 
sometimes frightening. Going 
solo is unforgettably terrifying 
and exhilarating. If she does it. 
the day she makes her first 
solo flight may live' as vividly 
in her memory as the day she 

Whether becoming a pilot 
will give her a taste for 
technical chat with the lads is 
less predictable. If she is 
looking for an informed 
insider's grasp of helicopter 
flying she will be joining an 

The Duchess of York says she may learn 
to fly. Shona Crawford Poole did, and 
says it can become a healthy addiction 

elite among female flyers. 
There are only three women 
commercial helicopter pilots 
in Britain, and of the 3.700 
pilots with the major airlines, 
only 19 were women at the last 

Ann McMonnies. now Mrs 
Simon MarrioL and mother of 
a five-month -old daughter, is 
one of the three helicopter 
pilots. “Most women just 
don't get Lhe chance to train 

" Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

I I^ar Newsagent pleareddiviu^/savc me a copy oTThe Time* 



I- Struggle 16) 

5 Genuine (6) 

S Dnvel (3) 

9 Gaudy (6) 

10 Trustworthy (6) 

11 Frond plant (4) 

12 Reform bill Tory (8) 

14 Lamest Alpine lake 


17 Flower male organ 

19 Constantinople (8) 

22 Draws (4) 

24 Useless residue (3,3) 

2$ Sufficient (6) 

26 Noise (31 

27 Fatal (61 

28 Summer sweater 



2 Custom (Si 

3 Well-groomed (7) 

4 Ephcdrinc shrub (7) 

5 Blackfly (Si 

6 Friendly islands (5) 


ACROSS: 8 German measles 9 Nib 10 Neighbour 11 Yodel 13 Ele- 
ment 16 Impetus 19 Image 22 Polygraph 24 Mop 25 Roald Amund- 

DOWN: lAgcnn 2 Bribed 3Gaundet 4 Imbibe 5 Rash 6 Al- 
cove 7 Esprit 12 Ohm 14 Epiphany IS Nag 16 Impart 17 Pil- 
lar 18 Smarmy 20 Almost 21 Expend 23 Gods 

7 Release from blame 
1 7 ) 

13 Groove (31 

15 Subjugate (7) 

16 Army leaders (3) 

17 Conspicuous (7) 

18 Amakya(7) 

20 In from (5) 

21 Gossipy woman (3) 
23 Bel (5) 

on helicopters because they 
are so expensive". - she says. 
“Most men train on helicop- 
ters in the services and that is 
not an option open to women. 
“I was lucky because I was 
piloting fixed wing aircraft for 
British Car Auctions. They 
had a helicopter and over a 
period of six years. I was able 
to get all the licences." 

Are there any differences in 
the way men and women fly or 
in their ability to learn? Ann 
McMonnies says; “Men are 
probably slightly more 
aggresive. in the sense of 
having more underlying confi- 
dence. and this carries them 
through training more easily 
than many women. Bui that is 
to generalize. How people 
learn depends on their 

Ann noticed that near the 
end of pregnancy and immedi- 
ately after the birth “I definite- 
ly became more hesitant and 
lost the drive that made me fly 
efficiently. It took a while for 
everything to swing bade into 
place again". 

Judy Kay has held her 
private pilot's licence for just 
1 2 days. She is a professional 
charity fund raiser. “It has 
taken me until the age of 36 to 
be able to afford professional 
flying training. The-main dis- 
advantage most women have 
is achieving a position in life 
to afford flying. 

"Learning to fly may even 
be a little easier for women. 
Most pilots fed a bit nervous 
at some stage in their training 
and women arc noi obliged to 

cover up that sort of feeling. 
When I admitted my fright 
other pilots were very 

Judy says that with the kind 
of public life the Duchess of 
York will lead, "flying will be 
the most marvellous. release. 
There is an incredible sense of 
freedom when you lift your 
wheels from the ground. I am 
totally addicted to it and my 
ambition now is aerobatics." 

It may not take her long if 
Diana Britten's experience is 
her model. Mrs Britten, 41. 
the only women in the British 
aerobatic team which will be 
competing in the world aero- 
batic championships at South 
Cemey . Gloucestershire, next 
month, took her first flying 
lesson six years ago. “My 
husband was learning to fly 
and asked whether I wanted to 
try a lesson. I thought it would 
be better than sitting in the 
car. I was bitten immediately. 
Heaven help poor Andrew if 
the same thing happens to 

“When I first went solo, and 
again when I first started 
doing aerobatics, I wanted to 
stop everyone in the street and 
say 'You just don't know what 
you are missing'." 

Mrs. Britten says a good 
flying instructor is someone 
who inspires confidence and 
does not interfere. Women do 
not always need the over- 
cautioning approach that is 
appropriate for young men. 

At the highest level. -of 
aerobatic flying pilots are 
graded unlimited. "It pleases 
me immensely to be an unlim- 
ited lady" Diana Britten con- 
fessed with that touch of 
bravado that is a common 
denominator of girls who fly 
for fun. U could be just the 
duchess's style. 


on trial 

As school pupils await their results, __ 
Lucy Hodges checks the marking 
system and asks: just how fair is it? 

With the unemployment fig- 
ures growing remorselessly, 
the importance of examina- 
tion results rises in parallel. At 
home, parents and their chil- 
dren await this year's crop m 
considerable tension. Mean- 
while the examination boards 
are working overtime to mark 
and check the scripts. 

It is a frenetic period for the 
GCE and CSE boards - there 
are 22 of them — and a nerve- 
wracking lime for families. 
Feans abound. Will the chil- 
dren obtain grades for univer- 
sity ? Or the O levels for the 
sixth form courses? 

Underlying these concerns 
are more general worries 
about the equity of the system. 
Is one board stiffer than 
another? Are examiners fair 
.and bow do boards maintain 
[standards from one year to the 

The answer is that the 
boards try extremely hard to 
be fair and go to considerable 
lengths to check that their 
examiners are marking to an 
agreed standard and they cany 
out studies to ensure there is 
consistency between boards. 

Colin Vickerman. secretary 
of the Joint Matriculation 
Board in .Manchester, says 
that the accuracy rate is more 
than 99 per cent — and has to 
be. The examination boards 
are commercial operations 
which indulge in extensive 
and expensive checking opera- 1 
tions because their credibility 
depends on them. 

consistently lenient or severe 
over a period of time. They 
don't wish to be lenient or 
severe but to be correct". 

AEB. the board with the 
highest number of candidates 
from further education, has 
bright new offices on the 
campus of the University of 
Surrev at Guildford. During 
six hectic weeks this summer 
it will process 1.750.000 
marked scripts. 

When I visited the board. 
230 students were busy check- 
ing every page of every script 
for errors in the examiners 
arithmetic and to make sure 
that they had entered the 
correct figures on the comput- 
er marks sheet. Behind them 
was one mile of racks, six feet 
high, containing scripts cover- 
ing 69 A level and 77 0 level 

As the students beavered 
away (Monday to Thursday 
are 9am to 9.30pm days), Mrs 
Phuline Robertson-Fox. their 
supervisor, said; "We check 
and we double-check so that 
hope we achieve absolute 
perfection. TTiat is our aim in 

The examining process be- 
gins with senior examiners 
working out a marking 
scheme or checklist for each 
paper. This awards marks for 
points made and tells the 
individual examiner how to 
operate. The chief examiner 
(there is one for each subject) 
goes through it with his team 
of markers, teachers who- do 

Calculating: a stndent checks the mairjks ajbSnrrey University 

Despite all - there efforts, 
mistakes do happen and there 
are undoubted differences be- 
tween boards. 

An inter-board study of the 
1984 A level English results, 
published last month, showed, 
for example, that some boards 
seem to be more lenient than 
others. It found that Oxford 
and Cambridge, the Associat- 
ed Examining- and the South- 
ern Universities' Joint boards 
appeared relatively generous 
to students, awarding up to a 
grade higher on average than 
other boards. By contrast, the 
Joint Matriculation, London 
and Oxford boards seemed 

The study revealed quite 
considerable differences in the 
way in which the boards 
operated their grading sys- 
tems. AEB, for .example, allo- 
cated a band of five marks to a 
grade B in English whereas 
London gave it a span of 1 i 
marks. That kind of distinc- 
tion can make all the differ- 
ence to whether a candidate 
obtains a place at university. 

But — and it is a big but — 
the study pointed out that 
when individual candidates' 
answers were looked at. the 
differences between boards in 
the grades awarded were very 
small. What this means is that 
the differences are justified 
because the candidates differ, 
and that in the case of the 
English A level in 1984, 
Oxford and Cambridge, AEB 
and the Southern 
Universities' Joint board had - 
better students- than the 

John Day. secretary general 
of the AEB; says:"There is so 
much overlap between -the 
boards that it is most unlikely 
that any board could be 

the job to earn extra money, 
and asks them each to use it to 
mark.15 or so scripts. . 

This exercise results in 
changes to the scheme. In 
some subjects the thief exam- 
iner may feel it is necessary to 
draw up a list of acceptable or 
unacceptable answers. 

Once foe marking begins in 
earnest, markers are required 
to rend 1 0 scripts to their team 
leader for him to see whether 
they are doing the job correct- 
ly. If they are getting it wrong, 
the team leader will let them 
know by sending back the 
scripts completely remarked. 

Later the markers submit 
another 50 scripts from which 
the team leader will choose 10 
at random for rechecking . 
Once the marking is finished, 
more checking is done, the 
chief examiner taking scripts 
off the racks at random. 

Some boards.have a further 
check for borderline students 
whose marks just missone of 
the key grades, such as pass 
grade E or C grade at A leveL 

After the results have been 
published, all boards provide 
an appeals system for individ- 
ual students or schools whose 
grades are not what were 

At the AEB you can obtain 
a simple clerical recheck for 
50p. a clerical recheck and 
remark of an 0 level for £10 
and a clerical recheck, remark 
and brief report for £18.50. 
John Day, of the AEB. says 
that there are appeals in only 
about 5 per cent of cases - this 
could be because- .many par- 
ents are not aware of the 
appeals procedure - and that 5 
per cent of these result in a 
change.; That is au indication 
of the size of error. 



Haxrods. Knigh [abridge, SW 1 
■ 91 Wimpole Street, Wl 
17 Wfcjnwe Street, WJ 
72 Gloucester Road, SW7 
12-13 Waterloo Sum, Bristol 8 

16 King Street, Knuisfor 
26 Castle Street, Edinbun 
21 London Road, Tunbridge 
19 Hotywdl Hill, St. Alba 
• v The Parade, Learning} on 

RING 0734 876 161 FOR BROCHUR 


FRIDAY JULY 25 1986 



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When a rare viral 
disease robbed a 
.talented man of his 
memory the impact 
on both him and his 
wife was devastating. 
George Hill reports 

Eighteen months ago Clive Wearing, 
was-one of BBC Radio Three’s trio 
of producers in charge of early 
music — a changing and mercurial 
man. aged 47. a musical perfection- 
ist who treated life as though he had - 
not a minute to waste. 

He was an authority on 16th 
century Renaissance music and was 
chorus master of the London 
Sinfonietta and- director of the 
London Lassus Ensemble. He had 
niarried his beautiful and accom- 
plished young wife, Deborah, less 
than two years before: 

Then he was struck by permanent 
amnesia under the diagnosis of a 
viral encephalitis. His. effective 
memory span was reduced to a . 
matter of seconds and he retains no 
memory whatever for any specific 
event in the past. Yet hrs manner 
and personality appear almost un- 
changed and his musical ability - 
remains uncannily untouched by 
his illness. - 

His disability is so rare that 
neither the NHS .nor the private 
sectorhave facilities suitable for his . 
long-term care. His wife has been . 
plunged into a cruel emotional and 
institutional limbo of her own. 

The predicament of the Wearings 
has attracted the attention of Pr 
Jonathan Miller, who is using it as. 
the basis for one of his television 
sttfdiesofinstrnctiveand harrowing 
cases in Channel Four’s new Equi- 
nox series*'. 

The case raises haunting ques- 
tions about memory and- identity, 
about our' responsDility -for one’ ■■ 
another and about the expectations ’. 
of society which' may impose crip- 
plingttrqral burdens on the families 
of the disabled. 

!Givt is one. of- hundreds of 
people who are.' in fact. : die' living 
dead". Dr Miller says. **Tbey are so ' 
severely bram-damaged that the 
personality is effectively no longer 
there. Their loved ones are the real 
patients — it is a disease of the 

In March last year. Give 
developed what seemed to be 
influenza with a headache. Two 
doctors examined him and advised 
hinito sweat it out in bed. On xhe 
fourth day, Deborah ' came home 
from work to -fin^-Aat-'he- had- 
disappeared from dip. flat Wander- . 
ing about with a temperature of 104, : 
he fouled a taxi but could not 
remember his name oraddress. The 
driver took him lb the j pQHce, who 
telephoned forborne. 

In hospital his.iUness was diag- 
nosed as herpetic encephalitis, a 
rare condition caused, by. the cold- 
sore virus! 

For.a'wePk the doctors told 
Deborah that she must expect him _• 
to . die. Eventually tbe ; fever was_: 
controlled by drags but' only after . 
bis brain had been severely dam- 
aged Gradually the mental confu- 
sion cleared and for some weeks 
Give teemed unaware that any- 
thing had happened. His language, 
though, was meaningless. A period 

in aspirin mix 
can be lethal 

> , 

-v t,~V V 

>p !k ♦ : 

. .. y " 

BSnjfljl Many patients 
with chronic ar- 
JHHSMthritic pains or 
( ml persistent head- 

I™ 0 ® 8 ™ laches may be 
I 1 treating them- 

selves with a 
potentially lethal mixture of 
aspirin and paracetamol a 
common combination which 
can be bought without super- 
vision over the counter. 

Though the pills reduce 
inflammation and pain, they: 
may. be: destroying the kid- 
neys. Dr Rodney Cove-Smith, 
a kidney expert at Middles- 
brough. says that analgesic 
nephropathy is an important 
cause of kidney failure, and 
that it accounts for an appre- 
ciable number of cases which 
later need treatment with 
kidney machines or kidney 

Some people are particular- 
ly susceptible to- the combined 
.action of the drugs. Aspirin 
inhibits the action of the 
gUnathkme system, one of the 
body's biochemical pathways, 
which would otherwise have 
protected the kidneys' tubular 
cells from the damage caused 
by the paracetamol. 

Taken separately either 
drug would be safe. And there 
is no evidence that taking the 
two together provides any 

the police and in most cases 
'he evidence is insufficient for 
arrest and prosecution). 

Some patients are helped by 
counselling, others by group 
therapy. Aversion therapy has 
been used and in a few cases, 
drugs have proved useful in 
reducing sexual drive. 

Cold water killer 

Mr Callaghan's admirers were 
refitted to see him gwe st. 
friendly wave before he temfcr 

beuealh the Thames last weCS^C 

The former Prime Mrabterjr 
was fortunate m having 
waning that his boat wm£ 

Clive and Deborah Wearing: she and a group of doctors will press Parliament for suitable facilities for the victims of bnun damage I Dirty young men 

of euphoria followed. during which 
he poured out puns and teased 
visions by talking backwards with 
great facility. ■ 

After about three months the 
situation became dear to Deborah 
and. to some extent to Give. He 
was locked- into the impression of 
having woken up a few moments 
before from a long and inexplicable 
period of unconsciousness. He- is 
aware enough to> feel the bewilder- 
ing. and terrifying aspects of his 
helplessness with no possibility of 
having ;tbem resolved. At every, 
moment his situation is new to him. 
•' If Deborah assures him that she 
was with him i fr minutes ago or that 

‘His musical ability 

uncannily untouched 9 

he has. just been singing Dowimid 
with friends at the organ Tn the 
hospitaf Chapel or if she points to 
the entries he tirelessly writes iri his 
diaiy which, repeatedly record his 
recovery, he frowns and says with 
quiet conviction or with the passion 
of someone resisting an assault oh 
the core of being: All that must 
have happened entirely without 
contact with my consciousness" 

"His. memory problem is more 
severe than any I have seen", says 
Professor Alan Baddeley, director of 
.the Medical' Research Council’s-, 
appliedpsychology unit in Cam- 
bridge, where amnesia cases are 
studied for the lessonsthey can offer 
on the nature of memory. 

Give appears to be sbranded in a 
stressful moment. He appears to 
find it strange and even unfeeling if 
the people he meets are unrespon- 

sive to the excitement and the 
anxiety anyone' in his position 
would feel. Sinte he remembers his 
manners, he treats strangers whh- 
restraint, though he finds it bewil- 
dering to the point of exasperation 
to have any. kind of bustle around 

He knows that Deborah is his 
wife and the sight of her produces a 
host of urgent, practical questions as 
well as intense concern for her and 
feelings of love, grief and inadequa- 
. cy. His questions are relentless and 
‘ they become exhausting alter a few 
minutes,.. . . 

The doctors are not surprised 
about the survival of musical skill: 
it seems to inhabit a different area of 
the brain — for instance, people 
afflicted with a stammer are often 
quite fluent in sony. Although 
musical performance is an act of 
memory, ingrained skills of this 
kind are scarcely affected in Give’s 
. case. ' . _ - . . . . 

At first, if he {flayed or conducted 
a piece of musiewith arepeat-mark 
at the end, he would always go.back 

to the start because he saw the mark 
: as though forthe first time. But now 
he can steer a choir with complete 
' authority: through -a piece many 
minutes long, with, several move- 
ments, although at the finish he will 
be under the impression that his 
consciousness returned while they 
were performing it. 

He recently did the washing-up 
after a three-course meal eaten by 30 
.people at a unit where he was being 
.assessed He did.not become bored 
because he treated every plate as the 
first plate. But since be cannot 
remember when be Iasi ate, he will 
eat steadily through any food be sees 
and would do so until he became ilL 

He sleeps only a few hours at 
night. Deborah wonders whether he 

needs less sleep because the mysteri- 
ous processes of organizing and • 
consolidating the day’s memories, 
supposed to occur in sieep, have no 
material to work on. 

“If there was going to be an 
improvement it would have hap- 
pened by now”, says Dr David 
Thomas of the department of 
neurology at St Mary's. Paddington. 
A scan has shown that large areas of 
both hemispheres of the brain have 
been destroyed. Give will always be 
exaclingly dependent. on the edgeof ■ 
panic, heeding almost one-to-one 
care. — 

Today he occupies a room in the 
psychiatric unit at St Mary's al- 

‘He’s trapped In the 
groove of 

a scratched record 9 

though technically he is not mental- 
ly ill since his disability is caused by. 
damage. And since his is chronic, he 
has no place in an acute ward. In • 
short . he does not fell into my of the 
regular categories of medicine. Beds 
in London teaching hospitals are in 
heavy demand. All hospitals try to 
avoid getting them blocked by long- 
term cases^J though St Maiy's ac- 
knowledges that no alternative for 
Give is in view at present 

Only about 50 cates of the 
condition suffered by Give occur 
each year, and many of them die. 
Bui car accidents, alcohol and other 
causes leave a larger number of 
adults with severe brain damage but 
no physical disability. They are 
almost unprovided for by public 
and private health services. 

Deborah has contacted many 

.. mental health organizations but has 
. foiled to findany. place that can cope 
with a. folty .mobile, energetic' pa-', 
dent who ris. utterly incapable of 
looking after himself No associa- 
tion for amnesia patients exists, 
although Deborah and some doc- 
tors plan to launch one and lobby 
Parliament, the health service and 
the pharmaceutical industry about 
providing facilities. 

What society expects to happen 
' with patients like Give is for their 
relations to be heroic, to face a task . 
that is often -beyond their strength. 
Clive- is- heavily dependent Won 
Deborah but her presence soon 
agitates him. confronting him, as it 
does, jvith the implications of Jus . 
position. She cannot Jook after him 
alone safely, even if she could 
endure his fierce inquisitions. 

“1 keep hoping that if he could be 
in a stable envitoment with a firm 
routine and not too many people, he 
might develop a- constant sense of 
familiarity instead of this constant 
sense that everything is strange", 
says" Professor Elizabeth Warring- 
ton, head of the neuropsychological 
department at the , National 

The fight to guarantee Give’s 
security in tolerable cond itions is 
Deborah's priority. She is in no 
doubt that the essence of Give 
survives unimpaired “It is an 
insoluble dilemma", die says. "We 
are every bit as much a couple in 
love but I can’llivewith him and be 
can't live without me. He’s trapped 
for ever in the groove of a scratched 
record, in the most horrible 

"But his brain, damage does not 
diminish his self— Clive the man — . 
one mite. And that's what makes it 
so terrible." 

•Prisoner of Consciousness. Channel 
4. August 14 

Older men who 
■ore unnecessarily 

^mshy with theoppo- 
W W Site sex for fear of 

I being labelled as 

"dirty old men " 
take heart 
Statistics show that women 
have more to fear from "dirty 
young men”. Most of the 
estimated 71.000 cases of inde- 
cent exposure each year are 
committed by a married, white 
male of above average intelli- 
gence inJiis mid- 70s. 

DrJJ.Gayford. a consultant 
psychiatrist at Wariinghom . 
Hospital. Surrey, divides the 
Offenders into two groups in a 
review of the diagnosis and 
treatment of the condition in 
the medical magazine Update. 
The first group are shv young 
men. often dominated by wife, 
girlfriend or mother; they are 
weaft and buffed, derive no 
sexual pleasures fironrthe esca- 
pade and . staffer . remorse 
afterwards. . ' 

: The other group have a more 
psychopathic personality, de-. 
rive sexualpfeasure- from their . 
1 exhibithmalmh ana are much : 
more likely to be involved in 
\~v the r de v ian t sexual -behav-- 
; Hour. In all cases psychiatric 
opinion is heeded to make 
certain that the problem is not 
a symptom of psychiatric dis- 
ease including manic-depres- 
sive psychosis , or 

schizophrenia :■ 

For. those, who arepsyebiai- 
ricaHy .normal, treatment is 
difficult but court appearances - 
seem to be as good a tfterapeur' 
tic measure as anything 'be- 
cause 80 per cent of convicted 
offenders never relapse (though 
only a quarter of the women 
involved report the offence to 

Ducting: Callaghan in the water 
about to sink, and so wo 
mentally prepared for Wg 
ducking in the comparatively,, 
warm water. Sudden immerr 
skm in cold water is much 
more dangerous. Post-morteal 
examinations on tugboat. 
lightermen show that many c - 
not drown, because there fctio 
water in their lungs; some dfir 
from coronary artery octiw^ 
skn, bat many more hour 
vagal shock, a condition which 
most people have experienced 
in a minor way as the sharp 
redrawing id breath whfetf 
taking a cold shower. 7 

Crying wolf? I'l 

■Parents who hpy^- 
. ■ baby whiejj 

■ _ 4 yells regularly w- 

| . w -.^ery fcvenin&.^jbfg' 
1 fife - jjmore .than The. 

chance of waKjfji 
Their self-respect as paxm{£j>$i 
at stake as well. . , 

Too often they interpret fte 
child's inconsolable crying^ 
evidence of colic and a reflec- 
tion on their baby, care ffri} 
feeding. But there is no medi- 
cal evidence that ®asm of.tlg 
colon causes .the crying: - 

Dr Mortice McCrae, wrijft& 
m ; Mims magazine, .and Dr 
-Stephen O’Flaherty in Modeifi 
Medicine have separatety^ 
■: viewed : present teaching, on 
the causes and treatment jgf 
excessive crying in a fit baby. 
They agree that, the cau$j& 
commonly suggested are only 
rarely responsible. r 
Many parents are unaware 
tfiat the average baby, e^sfi 
when warm, dry. and well fed, 
cries forahout_twp froursaday 
at two weeks, up to three 
hours at six weeks, and contin- 
ues to-have an evenine-cryjbr 
three months. ... . 

Once physical rauses faffe 
been excluded, the best reme- 
dy is parental reassurance^..' 


Dr Thomas Stuttafohl 

The police earn 
a lot more than 


Help! Here comes 
the bridesmaid 

.. . .. 

'Its*-*" ,r - 

ISHK.h !ii ^ 

Being one of London’s police 
>fficers is more demanding and 
aore dangerous than most jobs. 
Jnderstandabfy it pays better; too. 

If you come in at our mini- 
mum age, 18%, you’ll start 
on £9,108, including London 

If you're over twenty-two, 
your added, maturity will be of more use to us. So you’ll start 
on more, £10,971. On top of this, you’re entitled to a tax-paid 
. rent allowance of up to £2,810, depending on where you live, 
or free accommodation. . . . 

’ Promotion to Sergeant brings with it a basic salary of 
£13,404, rising to £13,099. Promotion to Inspector can earn 
you £15,810, rising to £17,604. However, you've got plenty of 
intensive training; a couple of stiff exams and a lot of 
experience to gain before you get that for. 

To apply you will have to be at least 172cms tall if you're 
a man, or Z62cms for a woman. Ideally, you should have at 
least five good *0’ levels, plus all the personal qualities that go 
to make a good police officer. 

,, , ■ i - j r. . -i_ ... l 

Finally despite 
from anyone who’! 
interested in the s; 

The real rewan 
being a police offic 
any level, aren’t the 
you can put in the 
bank- . . . 



4 We have survived 
World Cup fever, 
Wimbledon fever and 
hay fever. Wedding fe- 
ver, the more virulent 
royal strain, is now sweeping 
the country, and nearly every 
aspect of weddings royal or 
Other has been covered. I have, 
however, noticed one glaring 
omission. I have seen no 
•cohomi -indies devoted to the 
important role of Mother of 
the Littiest Bridesmaid. 

Being blessed with three 
young daughters, I can tell you 
that being mother of the 
littiest bridesmaid makes be- 
ing mother of the bride look 
like a piece of cake. I am sure 
that Lady Jane Fellowes, 
mother of Lama Fellowes, 
aged five, littiest bridesmaid at 
The Wedding, wflj agree. 

If you are asked to lead a 
child, don't be . put off by the 
hard work and the huge 
suitcase you should fog around 
filled with mme&mg old, 
something new, tranquillizers, 
certificate of excellence from 
the SAS and a packed lunch 
for the bride who has forgotten 
to eat. 

Experience as a family ther- 
apist, or any kind of therapist, 
is essential- You must be able 
to reconcile warring parents of 
the bride, persuade her sob- 
bing sister that she really does 
look lovely in bright orange, 
mid try to keep the littiest 
bridesmaid's dotheS On during 
the drive through the heaviest 
snowfall of the year. 

After accomplishing this 1 
collapsed hi my pew ready to 
weep with pride at my three 
daughters* first joint appear- 
ance. only to be mortified by 
the younger one picking her 
nose through the first hymn 
and then shouting at the top of 
her voice that she had had 
enough and wanted to go 


Jane Baker ! 

A little bask geography 
-could help yoa..iM; eldest 
daughter was bridesmaid for 
her. godmother, ifbo was mar- 
rying in Athens a man called 
.Paris whom she had met in 
Rome. It was* miracle that we 
ended np in the right country 
for the service. 

Some knowledge of archi- 
tecture and a sense of direction 
could also come in handy, as I 
found to my cost when I spent 
a frantic half hour baring up 
long corridors and down the 
dusty spiral staircases of an 
old castle with right anxious 
bridesmaids whirling in my 
wake. Of coarse the elastic 
snapped on one child's shoe 
and another's knickers, so out 
came the -handy housewife. 
Add seamstress to the neces- 
sary qualifications. Even if you 
don't have to make the dress 
(and pay for H), you will surely 
have to mend something. 

Don't forget to take with you 
a dean car and dean driving 
licence, because the planners 
never seriously consider that 
eight bridesmaids may need 
more than one vehicle to 
transport them; and even if 
they are well taken care of. at 
the last wedding I went to, the 
poor mother of the bride was 
left behind. 

Irritatingly, althoagh all 
three of my children are to be 
year, 1 will not have a chance 
to put my hard-won experience 
to use. This is no 
reflection on my efforts 
as Mother of the Lit- 
tlest Bridesmaid. It is ■■ 
simply the wedding of ~M 
theft father to his erst- M 
while secretary. ^ 

I lift ill WHY 300 
niff ft 1 1 TOP SPECIALISTS 


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Facts at 
a premium 

No sooner had Christie's an- 
nounced Charles Allsopp as ns 
new chairman than another ru- 
mour panicked London's auction 
houses yesterday: the Office ot 
Fair Trading was launching an 
inquiry into the buyers premium. 
The premium, which places auc- 
tioneers in the curious position ot 
dharging both buyers and sellers 
for their services, was introduced 
( L years ago. The suspicion is that 

h enables auctioneers u it fairly to 
lure trade by secretly cutting out 
the seller's commission entirely. 
Some sling was taken out or the 
allegation a few years ago when 
Christie's cut its premium to 8 per 
«ni. Next month, however, it 
reiums to 10 per cenLSolheby s 
rale. Yesterday, the OFT told me 
foe rumour was "a gross 
exaggeration" However. John 
Houghton, a law student, was 
undertaking “some freelance desk 
work" on the subject. It's naughty. 

I -know, but I cannot but recall the 
Department of Trade's reaction 
when 1 broke the news of ns 
investigation into auction rings 
last vear. “We’re not doing 
anything", it misinformed me. 

it.I have jnst heard by Bur the best 
appellation so far for Charles and 
Diana. Whether H is apposite or 
not, 1 have no idea: “C V D. 

Running theme 

>T delegation of authors from 
Commonwealth countries wil| go 
id No 10 this afternoon to deliver 
{^petition complaining atwut the 
government's refusal lo impose 
Sanctions against South Africa. 
Ibis is the result of the five-day 
Commonwealth Writers' Con- 
ference held in Edinburgh last 
week. Among these unwelcome 
postmen will be the novelists 
Chinua Achcbe and Ngugi Wa 
yhiong'o. from Nigeria and Kenya 
respectively. The latter has been a 
particularly outspoken critic of the 
effects of colonialism on his 
country. One slight irony is that 
both men. although endorsing the 
resolution, bovcoued the con- 
ference itself 'in a gesture of 
solidarity with their compatriot 


The Queen could not abide her 
prime minister’s policies over the 
crisis in Africa, and said so 
stingingly in a telegram purposely 
left unciphered. She had flatly 
refused to read a phrase in the 
Speech from the Throne which 
displeased her. On the Irish prob- 
lem. she sprinkled her private 
correspondence with expressions 
of "utter disgust" at the "un- 
worthy" activities of her “really 
half-crazy" first minister. There 
was an intense personal antipathy 
between the two of them which 
was-a significant factor in British 
politics for years. 

As for her private secretary, he 
and that same minister once stood 
at the Queen's front door arguing 
vehemently over politics for any- 
body to hear, until the coachman 
persuaded the guest that he would 
miss his connection if he did not 

The three were Victoria, Glad- 
stone and Ponsonby, of course, 
not Elizabeth. Thatcher and 
Hescitine. A century ago. Victoria 

caused exasperation among poli- 
ticians by her propensity for 
playing fast and loose win 
constitutional conventions which 
had taken what is essentially their 
present form generations earlier, 
in spile of later refinements. _ 
Political feelings in those days 
were even more highly charged 
than they are today, and the 
system survived stresses which are 
almost unthinkable now. It sur- 
vived because of a common will in 
the country, and among those who 
operated it, that it had to do so. 

Victoria’s tantrums still serve as 
one of the many unforgotten 
warnings from the past which 
circumscribe the actions of a royal 
household deeply imbued with the 
imperative of taking the long 
view. Some prime ministers are 
easy to get along with; some - the 
Queen has worked with eight by 
now — are not so easy. If Mac- 
millan could be said to be her 
Disraeli (as he aspired to be), 
Mrs Thatcher might rank as her 
Palmerston —straightforward, 
thick-skinned and high-handed. 
But her Gladstone has not yet 
risen up to plague her. 

The Queen's private secretary, 
the official most responsible for 
advising her in her political trans- 
actions, came to the job this year, 
and is in many ways very unlike 
the apostolic succession of aris- 
tocratic ex-officers who have 
served the Sovereign since time 
immemorial He is an Australian, 
a grammar school scholarship 
boy, a civilian — and certainly the 
first in his post who ever worked 
as a paid employee in the offices of 
a political party. His appointment 
and retention in a trade which 
never has more than a handful of 
active practitioners represents a 
calculated breach with tradition, 
and an acceptance that the mon- 
archy must be alive to change. 

But Sir William Heseltine has 
an acute historical sense and a 
discretion generally regarded as 
impeccable, as well as a sharper 
sense of public image than his 
predecessors. This week he conies 
low down "on anybody’s list of 
suspects as to who leaked to The 
Sunday Titties details of the 
Queens alleged Ming-out with 
. Irs-Thatcher.. over sanctions 
against South Africa. 

Until- now., he has not been 
involved in any of those rarecrises 
in which the Crown must play a 
limited but potentially crucial part 
in political events. But the 


As Commonwealth tensions rise, George Hill 
assesses the role of Sir W illiam Heseltine, 
the pivotal official at Bndringham Palace 

Steering the 
Queen out of 

Heseltine: diplomacy stretched (to the limit 
possibility of a hung parliament 

after the next general election has 
led to intensive seminars at the 
Palace into the implications of 
whom to summon and when to 
grant a request for a dissolution. 
The issue of South Africa and the 
Commonwealth, too, was one 
where dangers had long been 

He has almost no official hand- 
books to the exercise of his role, 
which another of Victoria’s prime 
ministers, Lord Rosebery, once 
called "tbe most important in the 
public service". Neither statute 
nor the exhaustive constitutional 
treatises of Dicey, Bagehot and 
Ivor Jennings seriously consider 
tbe job’s scope .and it has to be re- 
created in each generation round 
the personality of the sovereign. 

Just turned 56, Heseltine is a 
small, chunky man. with a pugna- 
cious chin and an air of control 
He has twice married — his first 
wife was killed in 1 957, when their 
car was crushed- by a train at a 
level crossing! He lives with his 
wife Audrey and their two chil- 
dren in a house in Kensington 

His father was a primary school 
headmaster who emigrated lo 
Western Australia from Hull in 
1910. His mother was also a 
teacher, and they had to struggle to 
afford to send their son to Christ 
Church- Grammar • School in 
Claremont. Western Australia, 
where he gained a bookish reputa- 
tion and developed an heretical 
dislike of cricket. He became a 
prefect and academic head boy. 

He took a First in Australian 
History at the University of 
Western Australia and then went 
to Canberra, hoping to enter the 
diplomatic service. But in the 

post-war years entry was virtually 
confined to ex-servicemen, and he 
had to settle for a junior clerkship 
in the federal parliament. How- 
ever, he was spotted and snapped 
up into the office of Robert 
Menzies, one of the largest 
personalities among the post-war 
generation of Commonwealth 
prime ministers. At 25, he was the 
great man’s private-secretary. 

In the late 1950s, Buckingham 
Palace was setting out togive itself 
more of a Commonwealth base. 
Several candidates from 
Commonwealth countries were 
appointed to junior posts in the 
royal household, and an invitation 
was sent to Menzies 9 office for 
applicants for the post of as si s tan t 
information officer at the Palace. 
Heseltine asked to be considered, 
and Menzies did the rest 

The new courtier bought a 
Homburg hat, which he was 
reported as saying was the first hat 

he had owned, and friends pre- 
sented him with an umbrella- But 
the British press teased him 
robustly for being a lad from the 
outback, gleefully commenting on 
such provincial touches as the 
woolly rantig an under his jacket 
and the fountain pen in his breast 
pocket He soon learned to assume 
the necessary protective colour- 
ing, though his accent proved 
more difficult to subdue. 

After two years in London he 
returned to - Australia in - 1962,. 
where' he spent a few months as 
acting secretary to the Governor- 1 
General but soon left to becomes 
senior party -political worker in 
Menzies' Liberal Party (which had 
a conservative, laisser-faire, ties- 
with-the-old-country platform); 
and then, briefly, a journalist on 
tbe Melbourne Age. 

In 1965 he returned to Bucking- 
ham Palace, ter be groomed as 
successor to the Queen’s 
secretary, the crusty Sir Ri< 
Colville: Bred in an age of 
deference: Colville’s relationship 
with the media -increasingly' in- 
dined to treat the Royal Ffemtiy as 
show business or soap opera —was 
chronically uncomfortable. 
Heseltine saw there was no alter- 
native but to find a means of 
riding this tide, and his appoint- 
ment was a tacit 
acknowledgement by the Palace 
that it was ready to try. 

In spite of some misgivings by 
advisers and members of the 
Royal Family, the new approach 
was triumphantly vindicated by 
the informal television film of 
1969. As they grew up, the 
Queen’s children were trained to 
take advantage of the new pressure 
of media attention. The interview 
with the Duke and Duchess of 
York, broadcast the evening be- 
fore their wedding, was a witness 
to how attractively such events are 
turned to account these days. . 

There was something symbolic' 
in Hesel line's move to the hierar- 
chy of private secretaries in 1972, 
and his rise this year to the t op of 
it. It was as if public relations were 
accepted as having moved from 
the fringe to the centre of the 
Crown's function. 

The private secretaries are 
responsible, first of all for the 
infinitely delicate relationship 
with the world of politics —though 
they have always needed an eye 
■ for presentation: Siamfordbam, 
for instance, used to implore 
George V to look a little more 
cheemtl on public occasions ("But 
we sailors never smile when on 
duty”, the King replied). 
.Characteristically, Heseltine 
was given a 14-year apprentice- 
ship before being considered ready 
for the top job. His relationship 
with the Queen is by now very 
dose, and although the secretarial 
office has grown a little over the 
years to cope with an immensely 
increased volume of work, he has 
always seemed well able to ex- 
ercise his authority over ft. 

His deputy, the 44-year-old Rob- 
ert Fdlowes, has been in foe office 
for nine years. Brother-in-law to 
Princess Diana, with Eton and the 
Scots Guards behind him, he is the 
only man in the office .who. 
approximates to the traditional 
background of royal secretaries. 
The third in line, 55-year-old 
Kenneth Scott, is a newcomer, an 
experienced career diplomat who 
was previously ambassador to 
Yugoslavia. _ 

The most visible of foe Queen s 
secretaries is her press secretary, 
Michael Shea, who has two assis- 
tants. A 48-year-old Scot, he also- 
has a diplomatic background, with 
a Commonwealth emphasis, and 
shares an old school tie with the 
Prince of Wales, having been at 
Gordonstoun. He came to his job 
in 1978. from the British Informa- 
tion Office in New York. 

A bad private secretary, as 
Harold Laski said in 1942 — "one 
who was rash, or indiscreet, or 
untrustworthy" - might easily 
make- the system of constitutional 
monarchy unworkable. The cru- 
tiai test of success, even, in Royal 
Wedding week, is not the smooth 
presentation of attractive family 
events, but the maintenance of 
public trust in the Crown. In foe 
weeks to come. Sir William is 
likely to have all his skills and 
diplomacy severely tested. 

Musa Mazzawi 

If Arafat goes, 
everyone loses 

These days, almost anybody who 
has anything to do with the 
Palestine Liberation Organization 
or with its chairman, Yassir 
Arafat, feels frustrated. Frustra- 
tion and despair also overwhelm 
the Palestinian people themselves. 
And ft is in this desperate at- 
mosphere that the question is 
being asked whether foe breakup 
of the PLO is nigh- Could this be 
foe end of Arafat? Despite foe 
initial failure, is anything likely u> 
come eventually from the meeting 
between King Hassan of Morocco 
and the Israeli prime minister. 
Shimon Peres? , 

There can be no doubt that the 
PLO has not yielded significant 
achievements so far. Ever since its 
establishment in 1964. the organ- 
ization’s constituent groups have 
professed differing views concern- 
ing strategy and tactics in the 
struggle against Israel 

Arafat, as leader of Fatah, the 
biggest group, managed skilfully to 
keep foe PLO together for a long 
time by seeking compromise and 
consensus. At no time during his 
chairmanship has Arafat found it 
possible to state precisely what 
would satisfy foe Palestinians. 
Always worried about foe over- 
bidding and one-upmanship of 
some ofhis colleagues, he has been 
unable to progress beyond gen- 

I once talked to him about this, 
and all 1 could get out of him was 
that foe Palestinians seek their 
legitimate rights”. Legitimate by 
what criteria? And what exactly 
are these rights expected to pro- 
duce at foe negotiating table? He 
would not say- What he did say, 
however - and has gone on say- 
ing— was that Palestinians were 
willing "to establish a national 
entity on any part of foe homeland 
that has been liberated”. He was 
also prepared to consider any 
positive proposal made to him. 

Arafat has been engaged in 
discussions on the future of the 
Palestinians firstly with the late 
President Sadat of Egypt and 
lately with King Husain of Jordan. 
These talks ended abruptly be- 
, cause Arafat felt that he was being 
lasked for unreasonable con- 
cessions and required to declare 
that he would be prepared to 
accept "less than zero". 

ft would befofficult to refute his 
claim. Israel's former prime min- 
ister, Menachem Begin, who took 
part in foe Camp David accords 
with Sadat led foe Likud party 
which during the 1940s declared 
that the “land of Palestine" (which 
comprised mandated Palestine as 
well as parts of the Kingdom of 
Jordan to the east of the river, and 
pacts of Lebanon, Syria and Egypt) 
was "Eretz Israel", given by God 
to the Jews in its entirety and 
without reservation. At Camp 
David, in 1978 there was no 
compromise by . Begin, on this 
issue; the accords conceded only 
that in "Judea" and "Samaria" 
consideration would be given to 
"autonomy” for foe Arab inhab- 
itants. This was understood to 

i.Mnsi think: buy a puppy and you’ll 
be 37p better ofT 

Ranged out? 

• The City of London Coiporation's 
I chief architect and planner, 55- 
’ year-old Stuart Murphy, pre- 
. -maturely retires at the end of this 
; month, officially for personal 

• reasons. But a further possible 
| explanation, according to today's 

• issue of Building magazine, is that 

• members of the City's policy and 
; resources committee have had 
I enough of his conscrvation- 
^jnindedness. Earlier this year they 
i changed their policy to make way 
I for more new offices and so 
- compete with those going up 
I. elsewhere in London. The maga- 

• zine quotes a source as saying that 
I 'Murphy’s departure is being seen 
[ as a message to the planners not to 
I-gti in the way of the "Big Bang 
, ifcselopmcnis” - the financial 

• deregulation in the City this 
[.autumn which will create demand 
■ lor more office space. 

;■! ■never knew that David Owen 
I was so keen on rock music. I 
[ Spotted him after the royal wed- 
ding in a Shepherds Bush wine bar 
[■wfih his wile, listening intently to 
• a band called One Nation. Disraeli 
[ftrtuld have approved. In fact the 
■•xloetor was not there to lake the 
. T'ulsc of youth culture but to sup- 
-^port the group's lead singer. Ann- 
! Vite France, who works for him at. 
^ttic Commons. Owen, of course, is 
■ already principal vocalist in his 
ITjftkn ensemble, a Steele band. 

: 19th mole 

! A village golf club in Scotland 
-provides the unlikely background 
« ’to a row between A’cw Statesman 
['spy expert Duncan Campbell and 
- ’Oianncl 4’s 20/20 Vision, which 
[Earlier this year claimed it had 
^"detected a Czech agent working in 
1 foe civil service. Rubbishing the 
'programme in today's NS. Camp* 
belf questions both the reliability 
of the confessions made by the so- 
callcd spy. .Brian Gentleman, and 
"the way ’the programme makers 
■!©btained them. Geoffrey Seed, 
"'producer of 20/20 Tision, which 
-=has sent a letter of defence, now 
-asks if 1 knew that Campbell’s and 
Gentleman’s mothers arc golfing 
mdmms at Longniddry. Campbell 
j^ujmutcd yesterday that his 
•rmotherhad been approached by a 
*,}H?rried Mrs Gentleman with 
£*‘horror stories about how her son 
was supposed to have been 
treated”. But. he adds: "If 
Mr Seed is saying my mother told 
me what to write, he's making a 
fool of himself." 


Now that the wril-slingjng in foe 
Botham drugs affair has officially 
stopped. I want to raise a related 
matter. The man who first made 
the allegations against Botham 
tried to minimize their effects by 
explaining that his sporting hero 
did not use the “hard" drugs; "I 
am aware." he said, “that he 
smokes dope, but doesn't 

I am in a position to give an 
absolutely authoritative answer to 
that question: it is No. 

To sian with — and this is how I 
come to be such an authority on 
the subject — / don't smoke dope. 
But that is not what I rest the main 
weight of my denial on; foe man 
who asked what he doubtless 
thought was a rhetorical question 
would be entitled to say that his 
"everybody” was not to be taken 
literally, and that what he meant 
was that most people smoke dope. 

Unfortunately for the gloss. I 
can give a similar assurance, with 
a similar certainly, to the question 
"Don't most people smoke 
dope?'*. It is the same answer No. 
most people do not smoke dope. 

Here we may imagine our 
questioner rephrasing his question 
again. No. of course most people 
don't smoke dope, but you know 
what I mean — many millions of 
them do. don’t they? 

I am sorry to go on so relent- 
lessly in the negative, but the 
question leaves me no choice. No. 
many millions of people do not 
smoke dope. 

Is there, then, no resting point 
for the accuser, nowhere to stop 
the apparently inevitable slide 
tow ards a claim by me that nobody 
smokes dope, no question that he 
could ask with -hope of my assent 
however grudging? Yes. there is. If 
he were to say “Many of my 
friends, who are not in the least 
representative of foe country as a 
whole, and. I guess, a smaller 
number of my more distant 
acquaintances, smoke dope, 
though of course 1 realize that, 
considered as a proportion of the 
whole population, ail dope smok- 
ers. not just the ones 1 know, form 
only a very tiny percentage —three 
or four per cent, perhaps, possibly 
five or six - and even of these the 
claim that most of them smoke 
dope regularly or often is plainly 
absurd, particularly since many of 
them have had no more experi- 
ence of the habit, than an occa- 
sional puff at school or university, 
and while we are about it you must 
remember that I have no means of 
verifying the claims of many 
others to be inveterate dope 
smokers and strongly suspect that 
they have never touched it in their 
lives and pretend to be constant 
users out of a rather pathetic belief 
that otherwise they will be thought 
effete” - why then. 1 think, he 
and I would find ourselves in 
complete accord. But then it 

Bernard Levin 

who also 
abuse reason 

Paula Yotwiut 


-svmnatt of sur 


wouldn't be a very interesting 
story- would it? 

As 1 have pointed out before, a 
newspaper with the habit of 
making its main headline of such 
unsensational matter as "6.729 
aircraft land safely." or “Millions 
of Londoners not mugged over 
weekend” would go out of busi- 
ness fairly quickly. But foe "Most 
people smoke dope” claim, 
though it is ridiculous in any form, 
is not just the equivalent of the 
tad news that does sell papers, ft 
is. subtly but significantly, in a 
different category. 

The reason why , "Practically 
nobody murdered last year” is not 
interesting is that it corresponds to 
knowledge so deeply embedded in 
us that it becomes an instinct 
almost a biological matter foe 
knowledge in question is of the 
rarity of the occasions on which 
the smooth running of the uni- 
verse is disturbed. There are 
earthquakes, tidal waves and vol- 
canic eruptions, and some of these 

lake many lives; but it is a curious 
feet, well supported by evidence, 
foal even people who live in 
earthquake zones do not lie awake 
at night in anticipatory terror of 
the shaking of foe earth. 

The claim that most people take 
drugs is different in one obvious 
sense: it inverts the headline rule 
and makes news out of foe 
revelation that a dog has bitten a 
man. But that doesn't matter; 
what matters is that the small 
minority of which it is true is, m 
making foe claim, clearly seeking 
the “protection” of foe majqrity. 
By mingling with the crowd, they 
can become anonymous and un- 
recognizable. pan of the norm. 

That could be useful legally, of 
course; iF there is a general belief 
foal dope smoking is practised by 
more or less everybody, it will in 
time come to be ignored, if it is not 
too flagrant, by foe police, which is 
indeed exactly what has happened. 
But there is a far more important 
and interesting sense in which 

mean some control in municipal 
affaire but with ulwruic he- 
gemony for Israel and 
foe Israelis to settle on the west 

B3 More recently, Shimon Peres 
described the so-called 
nroDosal" as “the only framework 
for seeking a solution' . He said 
this, however, after the final 
breakdown of foe Husai^Arafat 
talks which centred around allow- 
ing the Palestinians a role in 
tiossible negotiations under foe 
Jordanian umbrella- Kins Husain 
made no promises on his own 
behalf or on behalf ot the Israelis 
about a possible independent 

status for the Palesunians- The 

Israelis also gave no hint of any 

possible concession on this issue 
to encourage the talks. Peres could 
not appear to compromise on 
what hiT scheduled succ^or 

Yitzak Shamir, and his party 

consider fundamental — foe .ret- 
ention of ultimate control over the 

remainder of Palestine. 

The United States. Israel s lead- 
ing supporter, has similarly re- 
filled to recognize foe Palestinians 
as a substantive party to a 
solution. Even when, in 19S_. 
President Reagan spokeoftta 
Palestinian people and foeir legiti- 
mate rights", he hastily added that 
this did not imply that the 
Palestinians should be directly 
represented in foe peace process. 

Britain's attempt at realism ana 
fairness has been no less hesirant 
and equivocaL In 1980 the For- 
eign Secretary, Lord Carnngion. 
said in foe House of Lords: It 
would be a great mistake to 
assume that it is possible to ^t a 
settlement in foe area without 
taking the PLO into account But 
two years later, Mrs Thatcher 
refused to meet a delegation from 
the Arab League if it included a 
member of the PLO. 

What foe West does not seem to 
realize is that the Palestinians are 
not likely to simply vanish or 
forget about their rights. The 
longer the Palestine problem 
continues without a solution the 
deeper the Palestinians’ sense of. 
grievance will become. 

By today’s standards, Arafat is a 
moderate, and if he is ever to be 
replaced as chairman of the PLO it 
will be by someone very radicaL 
His critics call him “defeatist" and 
blame him for not intensifying the 
armed struggle. They accuse him. 
of being too soft with some of foe 
oil-rich Arab governments, such 
as Saudi Arabia, which befriend 
and support the US. 

If foe radicals prevail — as they 
are bound to if Arafat and foe. 
moderates remain empty- 
handed — there will be turmoil in 
the Middle East; and one of the 
primary losers will be foe West. 
And if the West cannot offer 
something worthwhile to the 
Palestinians on moral grounds, it 
should at least think of doing so. 
and soon, on grounds of pure self- 

The author is Professor of Law at 
the Polytechnic of Central London. 

dope smokers seek to bind to 
themselves foe majority who do 
not share foeir taste by insistently 
claiming that foe majority do. It is 
foavforall foe bravado, for all the 
assertions of foe harinlessness of 
foe habit, for. all foe forcefulness 
with which it is defended, there is 
a suppressed unease among the 
users, which strongly suggests that 
many of them are very far from 
sure that they are not doing 
anything wrong, and no nearer 
certainty that they are not doing 
anything damaging to themselves. 

Not only do I not smoke dope: I 
have never done so. not even 
once. But I have found myself in 
gatherings where foe habit is 
customary, foe subject of what can 
only be described as ‘intense 
proselytising; more. I have in such 
circumstances been abused, and 
on one occasion offered physical 
violence, for saying, without heat, 
and without accusing anybody, 
foal I do not and would not join in 
foe habit, and not merely because 
it is against foe law. 

I do not know, or care, whether 
foe accuser who said "Doesn't 
everybodyT’ is himself included 
in the everybody. What interests 
me is why foe myth has been 
allowed to take tool - - 

- And it has. I have nowhere seen 
ft challenged, and almost every- 
where seen it accepted without 
argument. Yet I will wager that 
tens of millions of people in 
Britain have never laid eyes on a 
joint, much less smoked one (it is, 
apart- from anything else, a habit 
alien to British working-class cul- 
ture). and if any of my readers 
would like lo test my daim, let 
them go through their address 
book and making a tick against 
those of their acquaintance whom 
they know to be dope takers: I will 
wager even more that not one in 
ten who try the experiment will 
have ticked more than one in ten 
of foe names. 

Does this matter? Yes. it does. 
Not many years ago. it was 
fashionable among certain kinds 
of fool to talk about a "drug 
culture." and to talk about it, 
moreover, admiringly. We do not 
hear such nonsense now, largely, 1 
imagine, because foe honors that 
have followed from the use by a 
few of the hard drugs have been so’ 
'well publicized. But it cannot be 
healthy for any society, particu- 
larly one as nncenain of itself as 
ours is at present to talk itself into 
a belief that the entire population 
(“everybody”) is constantly break- 
ing the law and as constantly 
fuddled with dope- ft may be too 
late to get that notion entirely out 
of our heads: but possibly we can 
persuade the sportsman's friend to 
pause in future before asking 
"Doesn't everybody?" Failing 
that, we can at least’ start giving 
him the answer. 

O Timm Newspapers. 1386. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

A samphire set 
in silver sea 

Alfoougn we all pretend to be 
acquainted with foe works of 
Shakespeare, the fact is that most 
of us know a few of them very well 
(the ones we did for exams) and 
others not at all. Thus it is that I 
emerged from school knowing 
Macbeth tack to front and not 
having foe faintest idea what King 
Lear was about I had a vague idea 
it was about a chap and his three 
daughters, but the only bit I knew 
first-hand was a speech of Edgar's 
that crept into a school poetry 
anthology I ' liked, ft was the 
speech he makes at the top of 
Dover cliff*. . . 

The crows and choughs that 
wing the midway air 
Show scarce so gross as beetles: 
halfway down 

Hangs one who gathers samphire. 

dreadful trade 
Meihinks he seems no bigger 
- than his head; 

The fishermen that walk upon 
the batch 

Appear like mice ...” 

It was a lovely speech, but it 
didn't give away a lot of foe plot. If 
I had been asked at the time to 
summarize what King Lear was 
about. I would have had to reply: 
“The play is basically about foe 
difficulty of gathering samphire, 
especially on Dover cliffs. This 
.'dreadful trade', as Edgar cal Is it in 
Act IV. sc 6. involved terrible risks 
on the cliff face and no doubt 
needed long training. Perhaps 
Shakespeare saw samphire-gather- 
ing as a symbol of the rides of 
kinghood, as in the case of Lear, 
who was a chap who had three 
daughters. That's all I know about 
the play because I thought we were 
doing Macbeth 

Many years passed, I married, 
had children and went on holiday 
to Alderney, in the Channel 
. Islands, where we staved in a 
wonderful fort which had been 
built initially by the Duke of 
Wellington and finished off by 
Hitler. All over foe outside of foe 
walls a tough green plant was 
growing, a fleshy little thing 
looking like muscle-bound grass 
which none of us recognized . 

"According to my flower book, 
it’s samphire", said the botanist 
among us, "Apparently you can 
pick and cat it.” 

"Don’t!” I cried. “It’s a dreadful 
trade! You have to hang upside 
down halfway down a cliff, and it's 
mcrediblv dangerous - Shake- 

speare says so!" 

Quite rightly, they ignored me 
as a raving lunatic, went out. got 
some samphire merely by bending 
over and picking it. and cooked ft. 
It wasn't a dreadful trade at alL ft 
was quite easy, foe result was quite 
tasty and my faith in Shakespeare 
was shattered. 

That was 10 years ago. Since 
then I have never seen samphire 
again — or at least 1 hadn't until I 
was in Brittany last month, where 
it is grown in the salt marshes near 
La Baiile and pickled as a relish. 
salicome. and very good. too. 

No sooner was 1 back in 
England than I saw a fishmonger 
in Notting Hill selling wild sam- 
phire as a vegetable (£2 a pound, 
but it's a very posh fishmonger)- A 
week later I noticed a new 
restaurant in Norfolk called foe 
Samphire Restaurant. And last 
Sunday, ladies and gentlemen, I 
was having a slap-up tea at the 
village hall appeal at Uggeshall in 
Suffolk when my eye lit on the 
bric-a-brac stall and a jar of 
something called Norfolk Night 
Cream and Moisturizer. And this 
is what the label said: “Norfolk 
samphire vitamins and rich oils 
blended especially for nourishing 
and softening the skin — Norfolk 
Sea Cosmetics.” . 

It's quite plain what's happen- 
ing. Samphire is about to become 
foe fashionable foodstuff, salad 
stuff and medical ointment stuff 
bursting from the obscurity of old 
wives' tales into profitable fadd- 
ishness. Fair enough. I should 
have seen it coming years ago., on 
Alderney. But the least I can do 
now is suggest an amended ver- 
sion of King Lear by that old fool 
Shakespeare, who taught me only 
one thing, and that wrong. 

The crows and choughs that 
wing the midway air 
Show half so gross as beetles: on 
the beach 

Stands one who gather satn 
phire. simple trade. 

In which one merely bends and 
picks the stuff. 

Which can be cooked and eaten 
or indeed 

Rubbed on the face at night for 
supple skin. 

Though from this height this 
highly useful plant 
Can scarce be seen ax all. 

■ All right, it might not be as good 
as the Bard's stuff, but it's a lot 
better researched, • 

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There are little sacs of poison 
for the Government scattered 
djrbugbom yesterday’s reports 
on the Westland affair from 
the Select Committee on De- 
fence. Senior ministerial aides 
behaved in a •’disreputable” 
fashion in leaking the 
confidential advice of a law 
officer. The Prime Minister's 
explanation of why such sen* 
sitive information needed to 
be leaked through a telephone 
caU to the Press Association 
was "flimsy* to say the least”. 
Senior Conservative poli- 
ticians whose careers — at least 
in their own minds — are far 
from over and who intend to 
offer . themselves as Conser- 
vative candidates at the next 
general election are shown up 
once again in behaviour that 
varies from the hot-headed to 
the frankly sordid. 

But in the tail end of the 
committee's conclusions lies a 
less noticed source of danger* 
The MPshave made the "best 
judgements on the evidence 
before us". They remain un- 
satisfied with the unanswered 
questions apd the witnesses 
that, still remain unseen. They 
invite further evidence in pub- 
lic or in private. They do not 
rule out further reports on this 
affair, which — half a year on — 
still has not lost the power to 
astonish the reader, to make 
even the hardest-bitten voter 
recoil at the tales of tawdry 
indecisiveness and vendetta at 
the topmost, levels of British 
political life. 

There is no longer a West- 
land crisis. But there is a 
Westland sore, which will run 
a little yet It could have been 
quicker dried up and finished 
if those civil servants. Bo we, 
Powell, Mogg, Ingham, whom 
the Committee wished to 
interview had been allowed to 
appear before it It could still 
be quicker dried up if there 
was the slightest sense that 
disciplinary action was being 
taken — or even contemplated 
- against those to whom "the 
direct and. honourable course 
of telephoning the Solicitor 
General and explaining the 
need to publish the correct 
information” was plainly 
unconsidered- 5 

Bui it looks unlikdy now.ns 
though any such action will be 
taken. The Committee found- 
no evidence that the Prime 
Minister herself had prior 
knowledge of the leak of the 
Solicitor General’s letter. She 
has accepted Sir Robert 
Armstrong's protective shield. 
She must now -fight from 
behind it 

This week is the last for 
House of Commons business 
before the summer recess. As 
has been widely noticed, this 
simple fact will dull the dele- 
terious impact of the Select 
Committee’s report It will be 
unfortunate, however, if out- 
bf-paftiameqtary-sight comes 
to mean out-of-Thatcher- 
mind. For there are lessons 
here that need to be added to 
any consideration of how she 
can best win the next election. 

She will ignore them at. .her 

The task of governing Brit- 
ain deserves to go to to the 
party and the party leader who 
best understands the concerns 
of the country, who has the 
policies to answer those con- 
cerns and the competence to 
put those policies into effect 
There is already a question 
mark over how well Mrs 
Thatcher really understands 
Mrs Thatcher's Britain and 
how well those who are paid to 
help tier do so.are doing their 
job. The policies for the mani- 
festo must come out of just 
such an improved understand- 
ing. And the initial signs are 
not encouraging. ‘ 

But, when it comes to 
proving competence; . Mrs 
Thatcher ought to -have, noth- 
ing to. fear from opponents 
whose practical skins in gov- 
ernment vary from not much 
to nothing at all The Westland 
affkir - has. however, raised 
questions about the prime 
Minister’s competence, about 
her running of Cabinet, about 
the powers and discretion she 
gives to tier personal staff, 
about her use of the civil 
service machinery of govern- 
ment ... 

It may (iii the phrase that 
was so prevalent at the time) 
have begun as a mere banana 
skin. It may now be a banana 
skin from which virtually the 
laid drop of political juice has 
been squeezed. But if the 
accident is not to be repeated, 
avoiding action needs to be 
taken and to be seen to be 

. In lf>79 Mrs Thatcher 
sounded like a politician who 
would deal with the problems 
of Britain's creaking machin- 
ery of government She had 
advisers beside her who had 
concrete proposals to put her 
instincts into action. Where 
are they now? The answer is 
that they are safely outside 
Whitehall in various places 
where victims of Sir Robert 
Armstrong go to tide their 

Yesterday's report is a tri- 
umph for the Secretary of the 
Cabinet He stalks its pages 
tike the graceful mandarin he 
is. He sweeps. He cleans. He 
ever so depintly — dissembles. 
And ; he succeeds.. The MPs 
make no case for a general 
purge, nor even noticeable 
structural reforms, even in the 
Government Information Ser* 

. He. pay? the merest lip 
service to the new 
managerialism that is sup- 
posed to be sweeping the 
departmental corridors. The 
Prime Minister's relationship 
with the Cabinet Secretary has 
come to represent the relation-, 
ship of the Government to the 
machinery of central admin- 
istration: satisfaction with the 
way things are. 

Yet the need for change is 
clear, even clearer now than ft 
has beep. Sir Robert’s com- 
placent code of guidance to his 

colleagues, issued after the 
Pouting affair, is Oven less 
useful now.Somethmg is rot- 
ten in the ethical state of 
Whitehall and the Head of the 
Home Civil Service should 
address himself to re-writing 
completely that code. 

But of course Sir Robert 
Armstrong was also an nctor in 
the drama, juggling like a 
virtuoso his twin bats as 
Cabinet Secretary and Head of 
the Home Civil Service. In its 
response to the Treasury and 
Civil Service Committee's re- 
port the Government’s argu- 
ment against separating the 
roles is weak. The Civil Ser- 
vice, more than mrer, needs a 
moral leader, a {mint of ref- 
erence, an umpire in inter- 
departmental disputes who 
cannot be the same person as 
he who serves the Prime 
Minister by taking the minutes 
on her behalf at Cabinet, 

The time for a new appoint- 
ment is . now. It is under- 
standable that the Prime 
Minister wishes Sir Robert by 
her side for the rest of this 
Parliament But there are 
strong arguments for continu- 
ity between administrations. 
Making up an extant Perma- 
nent Secretary to titular Head 
of the Service would ensure a 
smoother transfer than that 
now in prospect . 

The lessons of the report for 
Whitehall are several Gaps in 
the machinery of government 
have been exposed. The MPs 
recommend an aerospace 
board, made up of ministers, 
to settle future questions in the 
arena of procurements and the 
defence industrial base. Such 
an arrangement would surely 
be worth considering as an 
improvement on present ad 
hoc meetings of Defence and 
Trade and Industry ministers. 

- Officials at Number Ten, 
specifically Mr Bernard 
Ingham, took too much upon 
themselves, as they evidently 
had become accustomed to 
doing. Much of Mr Ingham's 
conduct in this matter as in 
others would be unremarkable 
ifl like Mr Joe Haines in the 
government of Harold Wfison, 
he was a political appointee 
claiming none of the neutrality 
that goes with Civil Service. 

What distinguishes Mr 
Inghamxis a foyalty to the 
Prime Minister and a bull-dog 
enthusiasm for politicking on 
her behalf wlpch goes well 
beyond what cap be tolerated 
in a government offiriaL It 
may also be a style, that is no 
longer in the Prime M ini ste r 's 
political interests. But that 
merely serves to point u p the 
paradox of his present po- 

Whitehall reform must be 
back on the Government 
agenda. Mr Kfonock thin k s so. 
Dr Owen thinks so. Mrs 
Thatcher once thought so. She 
was right then. Her opponents 
arc right now. 


1 it 

‘ Several generations have been 
reared on the assumption that 
the beaches of Britain were, 
cold — but dean and good for 
you, like freezing showers and 
cabbage. As the summer sun 
■ beats down from the pierhead 
however, the reverse is now 
beginning to look true. 

. Like many of the other ' 
assumptions which once 
underpinned our national 
sense of confidence, the purity 
of our coasts and coastal 
waters owed much to the 
energy and diligence of Vic- 
torian engineers. We travelled 

on their railways, sent pris- 
oners to their jails, recovered 
in their hospitals and danced 
over the pebbles of Brighton 
beach to bathe in unadul- 
terated brine — a tribute to 
their science of sewage dis- 

Or so we thought In act 
even in their day. Victorian 
schemes for disposing of sew- 
age at sea were primitive: Now 
too many of them have been 
overtaken by a combination of 
old age and increased popula- 
tions. In many cases, raw 
sewage is said to have been 
pumped into rivets, by-passing 
treatment plants which cannot 
cope. In others, the outfall 
pipes which carry effluent 
from coastal . towns into the 
sea, are too short to do the job 
effectively. The tides on which 
the Victorians depended to 
disperse and dispose of the 
waste in the waters around 
Britain's coasts can no longer 
be relied upon to do so. They 
dump it on the beaches or let it 
stagnate offshore — giving rise 

to experiences like that of the 
lady, quoted in the Commons 
the other day, who found 
herself swimming through un- 
treated sewage at SeafonL 

Greenpeace* whose research 
vessel the Beluga, completes a 
two-month, survey of the 
country's coasts and estuaries 
today, complains also of 
industrial pollution caused by 
films which discharge metals 
into the waters of local 
authorities — whose sewage 
forms are too limited to deal 
with them. As industrial rivers 
pour into the North and Irish 
Seas, these add to the 
accumulation of local waste, 
endangering marine life and, 
for all we know, ourselves. 

From regarding Britain as 
one of the most hygiene- 
minded nations in Europe, we 
must fece up to the uncomfort- 
able feet that this is no longer 
necessarily so. A £30m scheme . 
has been launched to correct 
the situation at Blackpool that 
most English of English re- 
sorts. Now Mr William 
Waldegrave. the Minister for 
the Environment, has an- 
nounced that 80 schemes are 
in the pipeline. These are likely 
to cost a total of £300m during 
the next five years as water 
authorities try to grapple with 
the problem. But the Coastal 
Anti-Pollution League says 
that this represents only half 
the investment needed to clean 
up the country’s beaches. 

Britain compares badly with 
countries like France and Italy 
when it officially releases de- 
tails of .conditions at only 27 

beaches. France monitors 
1,498 coastal resorts and 1,366 
inland towns, while Italy 3,308 
on the coast and 67 inland. 
The reason for this is that 
Whitehall concerns itself only 
with beaches on which as 
many as 500 might be in the 
water at any one time — and it 
is undeniably true that unlike 
the Mediterranean powers, 
this is hardly a country to 
attract the international set to 
its coasts. But the disparity is 
so great that it suggests either 
complacency or disingenuous- 
ness on the part of successive 
governments here. 

The present Government is 
trying to correct this, and the 
result of a survey of 350 
beaches should be released 
next Spring at the end of a two- 
year operation. Preliminary 
results suggest, according to 
Mr Waldegrave, that up to half 
of them will be found to come 
up to European Community 
Standards. But this hardly 
merits his comment of "quite 

Better understanding of the 
chemistry involved and the 
javailability of new technology 
'now enable authorities to in- 
troduce for more effective 
means of disposing of sewage 
in deep water. Water authori- 
ties may shrink from the 
prospect of heavy capital out- 
lays, especially if privatization 
lies ahead. But concern is 
rising to the extent that the 
state of our coastline could 
swiftly come to be regarded as 
a national scandal unless they 
act soon, effectively and with 
Government backing. 


Teamwork m running inner cities 

prom the Chairman of the New 
Towns Association 
Sir. Those of us who are in the new 
towns movement welcome your 
leading article (July 17). with its 
appreciation of the development 
corporation- in its application to 
the inner city. 

Such corporations do indeed 
enable-tasks to be executed with 
speed and energy: they can deliver 
public money more effectively, 
but to promote them as a solution 
without "the wherewithal to make 
them work” would, as you say, be 
"a discreditable deception”. 

Three further points should, 
however, be made. First, not only 
is a : development corporation no 
substitute for an elected authority 
over foe greater part of the tatter's 
functions, il can oolybe effective 
in jts own functions if it works hi 
the closest collaboration with the 
relevant elected bodies. 

Statutory consultation, overlap- 
ping membership, and mutual 
good will have always been essen- 
tial to the pew towns’ successes — 
and the same must apply in the 
ipner city. ' 

• Secondly, building a new town 
» a twenty or thirty-year job and 
each corporation in its early years 
has had to form and- grow its own 
team. ‘ 

jn England (though not in 
Scotland) these teams are now 
being run down and dispersed, yet 
there remain corporations within 
easy distance of nuyor conurba- 
tions; it would be most speedily 

effective if those experienced and 
successful bodies could be utilised 
to help reconstruct and revitalise 
the inner cities — as I suggested in 
a letter which you published on 
August. 14. 1981. 

Thirdly, the typical new . town 
development corporation has net 
been, as you suggest, simply "a 
building agency .The creation of 
a new community has required a 
social development function. 
Similarly, the filling of new indus- 
trial estates with fectories that are 
occupied and working has re- 
quired an industrial marketing 

It h Hi precisely this respect that 
the new. towns have scored some 
of their most striking successes. 
They have been able to combine 
the provision of factories and 
offices with the rare and under- 
rated skills of marketing them 
around the world to people who 
can use them to provide employ- 
ment. And the revitalisation of the 
inner city can never be accom- 
plished without the attraction of 
employers. The ability to do this is 
not so common that we can afford 
to see it dissipated- 
Yours feithfully, 
w.g. McClelland, 

Chairman; New Towns Associ- 

Washington Development 

Usworth Hall. 

Stephenson District 12 , 
Washington, Tyne and Wear- 
July 2J. 

Sanctions debate 

From Afr F. R. Hickey 
Sir. Having just returned from a 
visit to South Africa, I find myself 
puzzling over constructive ways of 
helping the people of that country. 

. In Kimberley I saw ample 
evidence of Cecil Rhodes' en- 
trepreneurial skill and learned 
something of how he amassed his 
vast fortune. It seems that at least 
pan of it was built on exploitation 
of the native people who are now 
at the eye or the storm in their 

I would suggest that in future 
Rhodes scholarships be made 
available to the class of people 
whom Rhodes exploited; that legal 
action be instituted to enable this 
(if the case is wen, the precedent 
would ha reaching): and that 
those who have already benefited 
from a scholarship donate its 
value (in money or in services) to 
the uplift of the native people. 


Via d. Maglianella 375, 

00166 Rome, 


July 14. 

From Judith, Countess of Liftowfl 
Sir, I have been an opponent of 
apartheidfor a long time - 1 spoke 

against it before some of its 
present most vociferous critics 
took notice of it. I was on Ian 
Smith's Mack list and not welcome 
in South Africa. In view of the 
Strong pressure on the Afrikaner 
regime (which is interference in 
the domestic affairs of South 
Afriea) may I ask a question. 

If the campaign against South 
Africa is right (and it is right) why 
is there no campaign against 
Bulgaria where a million Turks are 
being persecuted? Why none 
against Romania, where in the 
province of Transylvania 
2^50,000 Hungarians are being 
denied their cultural and national 
rights? Why none against Yugo- 
slavia, where a large number of 
Albanians in the Kossovo area are 
being de-nationalised? I do not 
add Afghanistan as it is occa- 
sionally mentioned, although 
these days Soviet Russia is not 

Human rights are denied not 
only in South Africa but also in 
other countries. But the world at 
this moment chooses to ignore the 
offencesof everyone, except South 
Africa. Can we win on this basis? 


9 Halsey Street SW3. 

Hospital cats 

From Dr Larry Cuiliford 
Sir, In support of Mr J: A- Fowler, 
who writes (July 19) of efficiency 
in the National Health Service, the 
term as I understand it has 
something to do with the ratio of 
useful work done to total energy 
expended. - . 

In regard to the comment about 
usefid work, it has somethrngtodo 
with competence. In' medicine. I 
would suggest, competence in* 
volves thoroughness, which is 
therefore in itself an important 
ingredient of overall and long- 
term efficiency. 

Thoroughness is often com- 
promised, or at least threatened, in 
my experience, for the sake of 
short-term expediency -r which is 
a different matter. It does not 
advance the efficiency of the 
National Health Service to think 

only, or even primarily, in terms 
of speed of service and low cost 

Sticking plaster is'eagy to use, 
quick to apply and Cheap; but it is 
only suitable for simple sutd 
shallow lacerations. It is both 
expedient and efficient, but in 
certain circusmtances only. 

The wise eschew expediency 
embracing thoroughness and ef- 
ficiency where these several prin- 
ciples appear to be jn conflict- The 
aspirations of medicine, and those 
who practise it. are high. Let us 
think carefully about opr National 
Health Service. Let us all be dear 
what we want. Why should we not 
aim high? Why should we not 
choose excellence? 

Yours feithfully, 


Sutton Hospital 
Cotswok) Read, 

Sutton. Surrey. 

July 19. 

Last exit to CUipham 

From Miss Cecilia Stone 
Sir, Mr Graham Birch duly 22) 
was singularly unlucky- 1 live in 
Oapham and travel on buses at 
least three times a week, preferring 
to sit upstairs— in the front seat if 

Occasionally there will be one 
or two. three pr four, people 
wearing headphones and enjoying 
their listening without disturbing 
the peace: I have never seen or 
heard (except occasionally on the 
Underground) large stereo por- 
table radios. Very occasionally 
there is an ami-social person 
smoking in the from part of the 
bus. The only irritant is noisy 

The man on the Clapham 
omnibus is still pretty typical of 
the rest of society. 

Yours feithfully. 

Crescent Grove, SW4. 

July 22. 

Missing notes 

From Dr Bernard Rose 
Sir, At memorial services and 
those of thanksgiving for the lives 
of distinguished persons we are 
told in your columns that Bishop 
A was present the Reverend B 
read a lesson, and the following 
priests were robed and in the 

Mention is seldom made of the 
musicians who on the majority of 
occasions p e r fo rm with admirable 
professionalism at these services, 
and have spent fer 'more time and 
care rehearsing the music than 
those present and robed in the 
sanctuary have spent on thejr 
clothing preparations 

Music is no longer a servile 
occupation as it was in the 18th 
century, and it is high time that 
this was appreciated. 

Yours feitmiilly. 


Appleton Manor. 

Abingdon. Oxfordshire: 

Old and lonely 

From Mr. H. A. Shaw 
Sir. May I add warm support to 
the Comments of Mr John Harris 
(July 22) on the experience of his 
Trust in the London Borough of 
Tower Hamlets with the blight of 
loneliness for old people. ' 

Let there be no doubt that 
loneliness is a killing disease. It 
follows that with the steady 
increase in foe numbers of foe 
elderly, more and more people 
will be dying because of it. 

I can make this comment with 
authority since our Trust is in 
frequent touch wifo some 5,000 
old people throughout the same 
borough where we are developing 
an electronic alarm system for the 
elderly, foe infirm and foe di»r 
abled. but we find that in some 60 
per cent of the calls made to us 
there are varying degrees of dis- 
tress stemming from loneliness 
and our "minders” find a welcom- 
ing relief that they are there to 
share a problem, to understand a 
fear and to fidp dispel it 

Inevitably, this is a round-the- 

clock; problem, every day of foe 
yean disability and restricted old 
age are fid Mime conditions. There 
is no simple solution. We are glad 
. to have foe opportunity in Tower 
Hamlets to supplement the efforts 
of foe local authority and foe 
hospital services here, but 
developments on these lines are 
needed in many mom areas 
throughout foe country. 

H.A. SHAW, Chairman, 

The Care Trust. 

Bigland Street, El. 

July 23- , 

Unkind cut 

From Mr G. P. Homy 
Sir, Your correspondent. Dr 
Fumiss (July 21), raises an in* 
terestiug question of orthography, 
as well as foe etymological cht- 
maera of an anaesthetist wjfo * 
sense of aesthetics. His lament, 
however, should surely be for foe 
digraph, rather than foe diph- 

Yours faithfully. 


9 Toflgate Close. 

Bromham. Bedford. 

July 2 L 

Local swings and 

From Councillor A. J. Batchelor 
Sir, ..Are you being entirety fair 
-(leading article. July 19) in 
dismissing the message sent by the 
electors of Newcastle-under-Lyme 
and putting your frith in national 
opinion polls as a better guide to 
the parties' standing? 

If all pans of foe country were 
swinging in foe same direction and 
to the same extent, foe value of 
national polls would be un- 
questionable, but have not the by- 
elections of this Parliament 
revealed three quite distinct types 
of behaviour, each so different 
that the averages presented by a 
national poll become . largely 

Chesterfield, Cynon Valley, 
Tyne Bridge and Newcastle surely 
all tell the same story — in Labour 
seats. Labour’s support is more or 
less static, with a large switch from 
the Conservatives to the Alliance 
ora nationalist party. 

Portsmouth South. Surrey 
South-West, Ryedale and West 
Derbyshire all suggest that in the 
300 or so seats where the Alliance 
caipe second and Labour third, 
the Labour vote is declining 
sharply and the Alliance is 
strongly challenging the Conser- 

In marginal Labour/Tory seats 
(and the only by-election we have 
seen in such a seat was at Fulham) 
disaffection wifo the Government 
seems to be expressed in the form 
of a strong swing to Labour, with 
the Alliance standing still 

In foe absence of more or less 
uniform strings, the message of 
the national polls is certainty 
misleading and probably 

Yours feithfully. 


Wyre Forest District Council, 
Civic Centre. ■ 

Newcastle poll 

From the Chief Whip of the 
Liberal Party 

Sir. The claim by Jim Nock, the 
defeated Tory candidate in the 
Newcastle-under-Lyme by-eleo- 
lion. to have conducted a "clean 
and honest campaign” is an 
astonishing example of double 
standards (report, later editions, 
July 19). 

An Alliance leaflet issued early 
in the campaign included a check- 
list of policies on various issues 
such as nuclear power, disarma- 
ment and unemployment and 
contained the sentence"!f you 
ticked *no' to all or most of the 
statements your choice on July 17 
is between the Conservative Party 
and the Labour Party.” 

In a leaflet which they issued in 
the campaign's dosing stages, the 
Tories extracted foe words “your 
choice is between the Conser- 
vative Party and foe Labour 
party” wifo the acojnpanying 
commentary "Liberal admits 

After all thefe pious claims to be 
the Mr Clean of the campaign this 
reveals that the Tories mil stop at 
nothing to hang on to power. ’ 

S ours sincerely. 


House of Com mons. 

Human rights law 

From Lord Scarman 
Sir. Dr Jaconelli doubts (feature, 
July i8) foe wisdom of giving the 
force of British law to the Euro- 
pean Convention on Human 
Rights. And he asks foe question: 
"What of those situations where 
English law affords better 

Some who read his contribution 
may pot know that foe Conven- 
tion (Article 60) provides that 
nothing in it shall be construed as 
limiting or derogating from any of 
foe rights and freedoms ensured 
under existing law. 

With-raodem legislation such as 
foe Police and Criminal Evidence 
Act 1984 and the Public Order 
Bill necessary though both mea- 
sures are, foe need for foe positive 
affirmation in our statute law of 
foe rights and freedoms which in 
foe interests of law enforcement 
they inevitably restrict is so great 
foat we must indude in our law 
the Convention (which, of course, 
is binding upon foe United King- 
dom in international law), 
lam. etc. 


House of Lords. 

— — ■ i i ■ ■ i <m ■ w—y it 

Undue Intimacy 

From Dr O. M. Harford and &r J. 
r. Hurford 

Sir. We agree completely wifo Dr 
Heraey (July 2!) about normal 
courtesy in dealing with hospjtal 
patients. Admission to hospital 
inevitably means some derogation 
of independent personality. 
Psychologically it is very im- 
portant that each patient should 
retain dignity and status, es- 
pecially for the elderly, who may 
be conscious foat their years have 
qualified them for some increased 

The free use of first names is a 
very modern phenomenon, but in 
ward conditops is open to ques- 
tion. Of course, nursing staff are 
jnspired by kindness and the need 
to single no one out by using a 
prefix, but on one side there is tire 
peed to fed foal "whatever is 
happening to rae. my identity is 
intact”. On the other there is 
knowledge and responsibility. It is - 
for the reassurance and comfort of 
foe patient to have the latter 
recognised, to which end titles are 
still a means. 

Yours faithfully. 



8 Sioneyfields. 

Farnham. Surrey. 


JULY 25 1908 

Jn the annals of athletics Dorando 
is worthy of following Eric Liddell 
(OnUusDay. July 12). The start 
of the marathon of the fourth , 
OfympicGamesum at Windsor 
Castle: the finish at the Stadium, 
Shepherd's Bush. Donmdo's time - 
utas 2 hrs 54min 46.50 tecs; that of 
Hayes £55.18.40. 



J. J. Hayes (U&A.) was awarded 
first place in foe Marathon Race 
yesterday. Dorando (Italy) strug- 
gled home first, but a protest w«s 
raided against him for being assist- 
ed rocmd the track in the Stadium, 
and he was disqualified. . . 


“Clear foe course for the Mara- 
thon race.” cranes the announce* 
meat through the megaphone. A' 
policeman is waiting at one of the 

gangways on the further side of th£ 

ground. There is a continual 1 
of tfiw of t bo | w a > T \dy ’ of. 
people talking and shouting. The 
photographers are kneeling on the 
grass at the edge of the track 
waiting for whoever it may be. 
Most probably Hefferon, who at 21 
miles is still leading, followed by. 
Dorando. There is an indescribable 
thrill of excitement in the air. The) 
judges are clustered round the tape 
in front of the Royal Box. 

The people in foe top seats at the 
north-east comer of the StadiunU 
have turned round to look over] 
Wormwood Scrubs. Twenty-four 
milftft, and still the same two 
leaders. The pace must have 
slackened. Five o'clock. They 

ought to be here. The sound of a 
rocket! Another! Suddenly at the 
top of the far-off stand they begin 
to dap; but it is a false alarm. It » al 
wonderfol moment AO these thou-( 
sands of people waiting to see ode 
track at the end of a 26-mile nm 
foe crowning moment of these 
great Olympic Games. Suddenly a] 
boom, and then another, and fool? 
a pause. Every one is very quiet- 
new. There is a subdued hurof 
which swells into a roar as foe 
time kee p ers, in white motor-costs,, 
hurry on to the ground. Silence! 
Let the megaphone speak. Tbq 
runners are in sight. South Africa 
and Italy leading, a mile from 
borne. And then cheers and 
counter-cheers, and bang goes a' 
rocket dose at hand, followed by a 
nwh of officials from the Stadium 
to the course outride. 

And at last he comes. A tired nan. 
Hared, bewildered, hardly con- 
scious, in red shorts and white vest; 
his haw - white with dust, staggers 
on to the track. It is Dorando, the 
Italian. He looks about him, haitfly 
knowing where he is. Just the 
knowledge that somehow, by songe 
desperate resolve of dete rmina ti on , 
he must get round that 200 yards fo 
the tape of the finish keeps him on 
his feet Fifty yards, and he cannot 
even do that. He folk on the track, 
gets up, staggers op a few yards and 
falls again, and yet again; and then 
he reaches foe last turn. The goal is 
in right, though his dosed eyes 
cannot see iL He fa surrounded 
officials almost, if not quite, sup- 
porting him. urging and chaerihg 
him op- If they were qot there he 
would folk He cannot run straight. 
And yet 50 yards from the end be 
suddenly bursts into a pathetic, 
almost a horrible, parody of a 
spurt, drops again ten yards frqip 
foe tape, rises, staggers forward 
over those last terrible few yards, 
and has reached the goal. — 

But not with much to spafo. 
Hayes, of the United States, 
follows him into the Stadiuntila 
long way behind him in time, but 
comparatively a fresh and stn&g 
man, who can actually nm, and is 
fast catching him up. Not quit& 
however, though he has ran a 
magnificent race. . . A 


The Americans protested 
against Dorando's win ' on foe 
ground that he received assistance, 
and the protest was finally sus- 
tained by the council. So that, after 

3>H. the unfortunate man had hb 
agonized struggles to no purpose. 
Altogether the finish of the race 
was far from satisfactory. The role 
about attendances not being al- 
lowed on the course was flagrantly 
broken. The position of those m 
authority was undoubtedly diffi- 
cult. It seemed inhuman to leave 
Dorando to struggle bn unqided. 
and inhuman to urge him .to 

continue. It did not seem right that 

thousands of people should witness 
a man suffering as he did. It seemed 
hard that he should lose the victory ; 
after having reached the Stadium 
so long before any one rise. And 
yet, after afl, the race was not to foe 
Stadium entrance, but to the fipfeh 
in front of the Royal box. and it is 
extremely doubtful whether, by his 
own unaided exertions, Dorando 
could ever have got so far. . . 



At the dinner given last night-fry 
his Majesty’s Government to foe 
Olympic Councfl. Lord 
Desborough announced font the 
Queen would present a cup : to 
Dorando as a mark of recogni t ion 
of his splendid performance. 

Sale of the century;: 

From Mr Simon Manby 
Sir, As one of a (amity of artists 
who take pleasure in malting their 
own birthday cards, rather 
disdaining foe commercial offer- 
ings, may one make a suggestion 
to your readers? % 

Perhaps they might commission 
a special card for their long-lived 
relative or friend from one of the 
many talented and often under* 
appreciated young artists frbo 
leave Qur art school? annually.' 
Yours feithfully. 


Forge Farm Studio. “ 


Near Ashbourne, Derbyshire. 






'July 24: The Queen- held an 
.Investiture at Buckingham Pal- 
•atec this morning. 

1 Major the Hon Andrew 
Wigram had the honour of bei ng 
received by The Queen upon 
JClinquishing his appointment 
.as Equerry to- The Duke of 

^Edinburgh. when Her Majesty 
invested him with the insignia 
of a Member of ihc Royal 
'Victorian Order. 

- The Governor-General of 
-Mauritius (His Excellency the 
^Hon Sir Vcerasamy Ringadoo) 
-had' the honour of being re- 
ceived by The Queen when Her 
rMaicsty invested him with the 
•Insignia of -a 'Knight Grand 
"Cross of the Most Distinguished 
.'Order of Si Michael and Si 

7 The Governor-General of 
Tuvalu (His Excellent Sir 
a Tupua Leupena) had the honour 
-of being received by The Queen 
■when Her Majesty conferred 
^ipon him the honour of Knight- 
hood and invested him with the 
Insignia of a 'Knight' Grand 
Cross of (he Most Distinguished 
Order of St Michael- and St 

- Her - Majesty subsequently 
'gave a luncheon party for 
Commonwealth Governor- 
Generals at which The Princess 
Margaret. Countess of Snowdon 
■was presen L 

The following had the honour 
■of being invited: the Governor- 
General of Canada and the Hon 
■Maurice Sauve. the Govemor- 
.-General of Australia and Lady 
.Stephen, the Governor-General 
of New Zealand and Lady 
_ Reeves, the Governor-General 
'-of Barbados and Lady Springer, 
"the Governor-General of Mau- 
ritius and Lady Ringadoo. the 
-Governor-General of "Fiji and 
^Lady Bale Ganilau, the Gov- 
ernor-General of the Bahamas 
^and Lady Cash, the Govemor- 
General of Grenada and Lady 
-Scoon, the Governor-General of 
Papua New- Guinea and Lady 
.Dibda. the Governor-General 
•of Solomon Islands and Lady 
Devesi. the Governor-General 
of Tuvalu, the Govemor-Gen- 
"eral of St Lucia and Lady Lewis, 
the Governor-General of St 
Vincent and the Grenadines and 
.Lady Eustace, the Governor- 
General of Belize, the - Gov- 
“Cmor-General of Antigua and 
Barbuda and Lady Jacobs and 
the Governor-General of St 
, Christopher and Nevis and 
.Lady Arrindell. 

n The Queen. Patron, this after- 
-noon attended a Reception at St 
James's Palace given by the 
''Royal Medical Benevolent 
Fund to mark their 
!Sesqu icemen ary. 

. Her Majesty was received by 
the President of the Fund 
(Dame Josephine Barnes) and 
the Chairman of the Committee 
of Management and Honorary 

Secretary (Dr Philip Helliwinji 
-Lady Susan Hussey. Mr Rob- 
ert Fellowes and Major Hugh 

ert -Fellowes and Major Hugh 
Lindsay .were in attendance. 

The Duke : of Edinburgh. Pa- 
tron ■ and Trustee, today at- 
tended Receptions at the Palace 
of Holyroodhouse for young 
people who have reached the 
Gold. Standard in The Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award. 

His Royal Highness this after- 
noon visited the Buchanan 
Street and Port of Leith Housing 
Associations in Edinburgh.. 

The Duke of - Edinburgh, 
President of . the Common- 
wealth Games FaJcraiion. this 

evening performed the opening 
ceremony of the . X.IIIin 
Commonwealth Games at 
Meadowbadk Stadium. 

' His Royal' Highness was re- 
ceived by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieu te nan i for the City, of 
Edinburgh (Dr John- McKay, the 
Right Hon the Lord Provost), 
the Chairman.. Commonwealth 
Games Federation (Mr Peter 
Heal ley land the Vice-Chairmen 
(Mr A. de O. Sales and .Mr S. 

Squadron-leader Timothy 
Finneron and Major Rowan 
Jackson. RM . were in 

The Duke of Edinburgh later 
attended a Reception hosted by 
the British Broadcasting 
Corporation at the North British 
Hotel. Edinburgh where His 
Royal Highness was received by 
the Vice-Chairman of the 
Corporation (Sir William Rces- 

Major Rowan Jackson. RM 
and Mr Victor Chapman were in 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips this evening attended a 
dinner of the Army Benevolent 
Fund (President. General -Sir. 
John Mogg) at the Royal Artil- 
lery Mess. Woolwich. SE 1 0. ‘ 

Her Royal Highness, attended 
by Mrs Richard Carew Pole, 
travelled in an aircraft of the 
Queen's Flight. 

By command of The'Queeb. 
the Lord Maclean (Permanent 
Lord in Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
evening upon the departure of 
the Governor-General of New 
Zealand and Lady Reeves and 
bade, farewell to Their Ex- 
cellencies on behalf of Her 


July 24: Queen Elizabeth the 

Princess Alexandra will visit the 
headquarters of the Young 
Women's Christian Association 
of Great Brilian at Clarendon 
House. 52 Cornmarket Street, 
Oxford, on July 29 and the Sue 
Ryder Home at Nettlebed, 


Queen Mother was present this 
afternoon at a Garden Party 
given by the Nuffield Founda- 
tion at Nuffield Lodge, Regent's 

Mrs Patrick CampbelLPres- 

The Duke of Edinburgh, Cok>- 
nel-in-Chiet will visit the 1st 
Battalion of The Queen's Own 
Highlanders at Fort George, 
Inverness, on July 30. 

Lord Nicholas Windsor is 16' 

Appointments Birthdays today 

Latest appointments include: 
;.Mr P~ R. Fearu to be Assistant 
Under-Secretary of State. For- 
eign and Commonwealth Of- 
..Ifce. supervising the Falkland 
• Islands. Mexico and Central 
. America. North America. South 
. America and West Indian and 
Atlantic departments. 

T^He succeeds Mr D. C. Thomas 
-on July 31. 

Professor Glamnor Williams to 
,bc Chairman of the Royal 
■ Commission on Ancient and 
Historical Monuments in 
•'-’Wales, in succession to Profes- 
sor R. J. C. Atkinson. . 

'Mr T. G. Sullivan, Clerk to the 
Bristol Magistrates, to be Presi- 
dent of the Justices' Clerks' 

“Mr Peter Charles Robert 
Rountree to be a circuit judge on 
the South-eastern Circuit.' 

Mr Give Bradley. 52: Mr James 
Butler, 55; Sir- William Coats, 
62: Sir Charles Gordon. 68; the 
Rev Derek Harbord. 84; the Rev 
Dr John .Huxtable. 74; Sir, 
God man Irvine. 77; the Earl of 
Kinlore, 78: Sir John 
McMichael. 83: Sir David 
Napley. 7|; Professor W. R. 
Niblett. 80; Sir Derek Palmar, 



67: the Right Rev Barry j 
Rogerson, 50, Miss Annie Ross. | 

The following nave been elected 
officers of the Girdlers' Com- 
pany for the ensuing yean - 
Master. Mr -M. -H. W. Gall; 
Upper Warden. Mr T. J. 
Sunken Middle Warden. Dr J. 
York Moore; Renter Warden. 
Mr P. F. D. Trimingham. 

liss Annie Ross. 

Actuaries 9 



The following have been elected 
officers of the Actuaries* Com- 
pany for the ensuing yean 
Master. Mr M. Lander Senior 
Warden. Mr D. G. Millard: 
Junior Warden. Mr P. E. 

The Public Works and Munici- 
pal Services Congress and Ex- 
hibition Council announces that 
the following awards have been 
made during 1986; Manzoni 
award (grant to mature stu- 
dents): Mr Kwok-Wai Chan; 

research grants: Dr EL Sarsby.l 
Mr AC. Tingjey and Dr P.H.J 

Mr AC. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memorials 

» a Em + 15X VAT 

(imnimuni 3 lino) 

Mmounccmctos, authenticated bv the 
Mmc and permanent add rest of the 
lender. ma> be sent to: 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Stmt 
London El 

MARTIN - On July 19th. to Ussa and 
Jamie, a d aughter- Hamet Jane. 

ROWKTREE - On July JOtti. to Carol 
and Paul, a daughter. AIKC Jane 

TOV - On July I aui. at uk Manor Ma- 
ternity Hospital. Walsall. Stans, a 
IO.IO pm. To Debra (nee Sherwood! 
and Simon, a beautiful son. Andrew 

TWTOllA ■ On "23rd July 1986. lo 
Ructunee and Kevin, a daughter. 

WILSON - On July I 6 U 1 . lo Annas ue 
mce McOeave) and John, a son. 
John Human Wilson iv. 

or telephoned (by irirptonc subs- 
erters only) lo: 01-411 3024 


Announcements can tv received by 
telephone between P.OOnn and 

S-Vipm Monday lo Friday, on Saiur- 
dav between 9 OOam and 12 noon. 
(W-401 48M My). For publication the 
Mtouing day phone by 1.30pm. 

cir on Coun and Social Pane £1 a i 
♦ IK AT. 

Conn and Social Page announce-' 

■ mem, an not he accepted to 
> lefcjAonc Enquiries lo: B1-S22 Ml 

■ I after lOJUmL or send to: • 

1. Psilwnc Stmt. totem El. 


The marriage look place m Scauand. 
on Tuesday July 22nd of Mr John 
Nugent - Hope and Mrs Pe nel ope 
Brrmgana Waibrr. 

WINDSOR : HOLLIS - On 23rd July 
1986. at Croydon Registry Office 
and after al St. Augustine's Church. 
South Croydon. KeiUi Windsor la 
Beryl Halils. 



Please alia* ai Iasi 48 hours before 

■ W vr dom «* me word, and not 
hrorrrs only, dfcrtvlno your own 

James l 39 

HAWKINS i APEL - Denis John to May 
Noel at Ealing Congregational 
Church on July 2 Sth. igj*. Now in 
Highgaie. London. Deo Gr atlas 



MILL on l?th July 1986 to George 
and Nicky (nee Hamer l Stephen WU- 
h am, a brother lor Ruth. 
COWKLO - On July 8 th. In Balh. to 
Sue and Roger, a daughter. 
Stephanie, a sister for Samantha. 
Natalie and Nicholas. 

CUDDY On July 12th. at Cardiff, to 
Michael and Lindsay (nee 
CruKkstMnkl. twins, fan and Hilary. 
KVtStAW-WALJH ■ On July ITth. 
1986. Prtcr and Julia wekronw their 
beautiful daughter. Chartoue. 
QAJNE8 • on 20Ui July. 1986. to 
Edward and Anna mee Metlowsj. a 
wn. George Edward. 

JfcAY ■ On July teth. 1986. at May- 
„ <Uv HttMUl. Croydon, lo Angela 
a <hee \ tutovUchlano Thomas, a bcau- 
r lifiil daughter. Nicola. 

NACHMAN ■ On July 33rd. in BW' 
vrts. lo Judith owe -Faulks) and. 
Rohm, a daughter. Rose EHnbcth. 
HARLEY ■ On July 23rd. at Oxford, to 
Anhe i nee Trooper) and RKhard. a 

HOW* - On Jtdy 21 St 1986.10 Chris- 
tine and Andrew, a son. Alexander. 
MESON ■ On July 23rd. at Watford 

‘ General HospUaL m Janina and 
*" NlgeL a son. Andrew Nicholas 
Man nak re. a breiher to James. 

JSCUWES- On lath July. 1986. at Queen 
•me Mary's Hospital, to Yvonne and 

■ 4 < ..h k VL. 

jM-Mark. a son. Thomas. 

Hrerrosk On Monday. July 2 1st- al 
Tere*a's. Wlmhiedon. 10 Cathy 
■.*«w Cwsmaii and SteplMi. a 
, . daughter, kelty Anne Victoria, a 
•^.wttf lor Catrtona. 
wtuMG - On Monday, zist July, ai Wat-. 
Nv*i|oid General . Hospital, to Jane tn^e 
■» «Mitchelli and Andrew, a son. James 
“*■ ‘Andrew 

ASHWORTH - On July 22nd. In VlUe- 
neuve-sur LoL Rosemary. Private 
cremation wffl take place in 
Bor deaux . 

•ENNETT . On 20th July, 1986. 
peacefully in Cambridge. Joan 
Bennett. Ftflow of Gtiion. widow of 
H S. Bennett, in her 9Lst year. Cre- 
mation ornate. Memorial gathering 
in autumn to be announced. 

MU. - On July 23rd. peacefully al Ihr 
Woodlands Nursing Home after a vad 
Illness. Geoffrey David 8m. aged 83 
of Wickham Place Farm. Wickham 
Bishops. Essex Much loved brother 
and uncle. Private cremation al Col- 
chester Crenutortum at 2:30 pm on 
July 31st. Thanksgiving Service at 
Wtcklum Bishops Church at 4 OO pm 
on July 3lst Flowers and enquiries 
>0 Richards Of Wiihwn. TeL 0576 

■LAND - Peacefully on July 23rd. 
1986. Joan of Spring Barn. Upper 
Swcil cios. widow gf Roland, moth- 
er of Jennifer. Makoim and Nicola. 
Cremation Service for family only at 
her wish Donations, if desired, lo 
The Coban Unit Appeal Fund. Chel- 
tenham General HaspuaL 
EASTWOOD - On 20th July 1986. 
Maude Amelia, aged 91 years, al 
Pctnbury Hospital. Previously a 
teacher at Pitmans College. London. 
ELLIOT Alexander Henry on the 23rd 
July 1986. suddenly at home aged 
72. much loved husband of Ann. and 
father of Vicki. Trida and Gilbert. 
Fun eral servi ce private. 
FITZMERBERT ■ On 23rfl July. 1986. 
al The Hospital of SL John and St- 
EUrabrth. CulhOerL aged 87. beloved 
husband, rather, grandfather and 
great grandfather. Funeral at 
CkiunWon tm Brock . family only, no 
(lowers pleose. Memorial Requiem 
Maw at Westminster Cathedral on 
Thursday. 30th October al 11.30 
am RIP. • • 

GOLDSWORTHY Francis Charles, pre- 1 
vtexisly of Castle Main. Park end. 
peacefully at Heatherwood HospttaL i 
Ascot on July 23rd. 

QUTTMANN Dr WiUtsm - Peacefully. 

after a long IHnem. on 23rd July. 
1966. Deeply mourned by h& wife. 
Monty. Cremation on Friday. . 26th 
July at 2.00 pm. Bedford OupeL 
GaMers Green Oenvatorhnn. . 

HAMMERSCWHDT - On 22nd July In 
an Oxford Hospital. Marie Margarete 
aged 87 years, dearly loved mother 
of Hares and dga and grandmother 
or Richard- service at Oxford Crema- 
torium on Tuesday. 29th July at 
3.00pm. Flowers lo Chapel of Rest. 
Hendrrd Street 

MACfUE-CADWKLL. George Logan 
BLE.. beloved son of Larne and 
Giiiie. brother of Deene oTSloneffekL 
Tarbert. Argyll and Laanecoorie. 
Rock ley. Australia on 22nd July 
' 1986 at Laanecoorie after a long M- 
ness. Donations. In Heu ornowers.'lo 
Highland Hospice Appeal. PO Box 
IOO. inveme55 IVl 1 YW. Local 
Thanksgiving Service In Argyll to be 
announced later. * 

PACKARD - On July 22nd. 1986. 
peacefully al Ashley Lodge Nursing 
Home. Eating. Derail Edward, aged 
85. formerly of Creencrofl Gardens. 
Hampstead. NW6.. Funeral al 
Breakspear Crematorium. Ruisllp al 
2.00pm on July 31st. All enquiries lo 
W.S. Bond Ud.- 19 Bond $tn-cL 
Ealing W5. Telephone 01-867 0*22. 

RAMR - On July 2«h. peacefully in 
hospital. Gilbert Bernard of 
Hun (bourne Farm. Tenierden. Much 
Loved husband of Sue and dearly 
loved father and grandfather. Pri- 
vate funeral to be arranged. No 
flowers or letters, please. 

TASKER - On July 22 ikL In Broom- 
field Hospital. Chelmsford. Adda 
Mary, widow of Harold L. Tasker. 
M.D.. greatly laved and valued 
mother, grandmother, and - great 
grandmother, aged 95> - - 


Forthcoming marriages 

ton and Sir Martin Giiliat'were 
in attendance. 

Her Majesty - was ' sub- 
sequently present at a Reception 
given by the Industrial Society 
at Peter Rurige HoUse. Carlton 
House Terrace. - 

Mrs Patrick CampheH-Rnes- 
lon. Sir ' Martin GriUiat • and 
Captain Niali Hall' were in 

July 24: The Prince and Princess 
of Wales visited the Shetland 
Isles today. . 

Having travelled in an aircraft 

of The Queen’s Right. T heir 

Royal Highnesses this afternoon 
visited Sumbuigh Airport, 
Virkic to .commemorate- the 
50ih Anniversary of the opening 
of the Airport. 

.Afterwards The Prince and 
Princess of Wales opened the 
new Oil Rig Repair Quay at 
Dales Voe. Lerwick and visited 
the Town HaH. Lerwick. 

' trr the" evening Their Royal 
Highnesses attended a dinner 
with the Chairman and Trustees 
of the Pon of Lerwick at the 
Shetland Hotel, Lerwick. 

Miss Alexandra Loyd and 
Lrcut'cnanl-Colonel Brian 
Anderson' were in attendance. 

The' Hon J-H- Henderson 
and Miss IJVI.'Hanson 
The engagement is announced 
between James, eldest son of 
Lord and 'Lady Faringdon. of 
Barnsley Park,;Orencester. and 
Lucinda, youngest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Desmond Hanson, 
of Kniptoa. near-Grantham. 

Mr GJ. Kay 

and Miss AIM. Maxwell Scott 
The engagement i$- announced 
between Charles, son of Dr and 
Mrs J.A, Kay. of Alne. York, 
and Amanda, eldest daughter of 
Mr -and Mrs. $-M- Maxwell 
Scott of Sheriff Hutton. York: 

Mr C.R. Arbuthnott . 
and Dr P.D. Brooke . 

The engagement is announced 
between Charles, son of Colonel 
die Hon David: .and Mrs 
Arbuthnott. of Trochry; 
Dunkeld. Perthshire, and Pa- 
tricia. daughter of the. late Mr 
and Mrs Barrington Brooke, of 
Glendale. Zimbabwe. ' 

Sir Peter Green . 
and Mrs J. Whitehead 
The -engagement is announced 
between Peter Green, of Sumon 
Mill House. Ipswich, and Jen- 
nifer Whitehead, of 20 de 
Casson Road, West Mount. 
Montreal, C ana da . 

Mr.G A. Phillips 

jmd Mrs O.AJH, Meyrick- 


The engagement is announced 
between George Alexander Phil- 
lips. 4 Oxencroff Shaftesbury, 
and . Kitty Meyriek-Jones. 
widow of Oliver 1 Meyrick-Jones. 
Belmont Cottage. Christy's 
Lane. Shaftesbury. 

Mr R.H. Ridley 
and Miss CJ JVL Langford 
The. engagement is announced 
between Russell, only son of Mr 
and Mrs HJ- Ridley, of Mans- 

Dr MJ. Warren 
and Miss E.M. Tomer 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin, son of the lute 
Mr John Warren and Mrs 

Dorothy Warren, of Waltoo-on- 
Thames. and Elizabeth, cider 
daughter of Mr and Mr Geof- 
frey Turner., of Solihull. West 

field; Nottinghamshire, and Ce- 
lt a; younger daughter of Mr and 

Commander CJi. Buckle. RN 
and Miss J-M. Steele 
The .engagement is. annoanced 
between Charles, youngest son 
of the late Mr R.FLS..Buckle and 
Mr J.C.L. Staniland. Swanage. 
Dorset, and Janet, daughter of 
the late Mr J.O.E. Steele and 
Mr. P.M.- Steele, of; Chelsea. 

July 24: Princess Alice. Duchess 
of Gloucester was present this 
afternoon at the Royal Tour- 
nament Lunch for the Royal Air 
Force - Benevolent- Fund- -and 
later took the -Salute, at a 
performance of the Royal Tour- 
nament at Earls Court. London. 

Dame Jean Maxwell-Scot and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland were in attendance. 

Mr DJ. Clark 
and Miss S.M. Hoarston 
The engagement is announced 
between DanieL son of Mr and 
Mr Basil Clark, of WeptcotC. 
Surrey, and SaHy, daughter of 
Air Commodore and Mrs I.M. 
Hourston, of Wallers Ash, 

July 24: The Duke and Duchess 
of Kent today visited the'Joini 
Headquarters. Northwood, 

Sir Richard Buckley and. Mr 
A lan -Henderson -were in 

RYDER - A Service of Thanksgiving 
will be held' Tor the late Captain . 
R.E.D. Ryder. V.C_ R.N.. on Thurs- 
day. 2nd October al 2-00 mn at Holy 
Trinity. Pram Comarl Road. Lon- 
don SWT. Those' hoping lo attend 
please coniaei me Victoria Crass and 
George Grass Assoduoa. Room O*. 
Archway Block South. Old AdnUrai- 
ty Bu ildin g, wtufetuui. London 
SWIA SBC. tel. 01-930 3606, 


.ABttILREE - Shafts 2nd Baron 
Amulree. July 25Ui 1900- December 
18th 1983- And William 1 st Baron 
Amutree. 1860 - 1943. 

ANOKYE Albert Jephtha • In ever lov- 
ing memory of our beloved father. 
Albert Jephtha Anokye. on 26th July 
1985. Rest tn peace, dearest Pa. Kofi 
and ch i ldren. 

CLEMtANE • In loving memory or Pe-. 
ler. dearest husband, father, 
grandad. 25th Jidy 1981. Abo al- 
ways in our thoughts. Irene. 39th 
January 1982. and Kathleen Spen- 
cer. 19th January 1986. . 

(ML O RE. MC-- stain July 1897 - 
26tt December 1983. Lovingly re-- 
m etwb wwL Madeline. 

MOMAKS - Id loving memory of our 
mother and (alher - Diana 

Mr RJ. Clarke . 
and Miss J.A. Batcup 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard James, youn- 
gest son of Mr and Mr L.M. 
Clarke, of Avondale. Cradock, 
South Australia, and Jacqueline 
Angela, daughter of Mr and Mr 
R oy Batcup. of Christchurch, 
Dorset and. Kenya. . . 

lrau younger daughter of Mr and 
Mr M J. Langford, of Marlow. 

Mr MJ*. RittsoB-Tbonus 
and Miss K. Mowat 
The engagement, is announced 
between Michael. Rittson- 
Thomas. of Pukeaiua. 5 RD. 
Dannevirfce. New Zealand, el- 
dest son of Mr and Mr Chris- 
topher Rittson-Tho'mas, of the 
Manor House. Sand fond St Mar- 
tin. Oxfordshire, .and Kathy, 
daughter .of Mr and Mr 
A lasdajr Mowat. of Glengower. 
RD 2, Cheviot, New Zealand. 

Mr N. Solomon 
and Mfcs-S>E>S. Cohen 
The engagament is announced ' 
between Nathan; Sbn of Mr and 
Mr - Eli -Solomon, of Florida, 
United States, and -Susan, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mr Donald 
-D. Cohen, of Gosfoith. New- 
castle upon Tyne. 

Mr.CO. Springham 
and Mbs LJVL Wood 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher Oliver 

Brumfield. Katie Cbeyne. Emily] 
Pamefland Tiinoihv Brom field ! 

Parndland Timothy Brom field 
Mr Hugh Armyiage was best 

A .reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will ' be spent 
abroad - - 

Spriroghain,. of St Albans, 
Hertfordshire, and Liisa Mary. 

only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
A.C. Wood, of 1 8 Quarry Road, 
Winchester. Hampshire. 

July 24: Princess Alexandra 
today visited HMS Dryad the 
School of Maritime Operations 
at - Southwick. -near- : Fareham, 

Mr Peter .Alia was in 
attendance. - . 

Mr D.AJ-!. Griffiths 
and Miss SJL. Beaumont - • 
The engagement is announced 
between David eldest son of Dr 
and Mr R.A. - Griffiths, of 
Headington, Oxford. _ and 
Susannah, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs.. T. Beaumont; "'of 
Fish bourne. -Chichester, Sussex: 

MrMJL Taylor 
The engagement is announced 
between Matthew, only son of 
Mr' afid'.MR W. Taylor, of 
Bedaie; North Yorkshire,. and 

Elizabeth', elder daughter of Mr 
and Mr TJ. Stone, of 
.Ameaham, Buckinghamshire. 

Professor H J.V. Tyrrell . 
and Dr B. Davies . - 
The marriage arranged between 
Valentine TynelL of Coorabe 
Hill, and Bethan Davies, of 
Hammersmith, wifi take place 
at All Saints Parish Church, 

- Kingston, on Saturday, Septem- 
ber 6. . ' . ' 

Mr A.D.H. Hodge - 
and Miss LJ. Drummond 
The engagement is announced - 
between Alasdalr, son -of Briga- 
dier and -M r D.H. Hodge, of 
Durham, and Leonie. daughter 
of Major and Mrs H.R. Drum- 
mono, of Menden. West 

Mr PJt. Tnllo 
and Miss AJLB. Woods 
The marriage took place quietly 
ou Saturday July 1 9. 1 986. in the 
Chapel of .King Henry VII, 
Westminster Abbey, of Mr Paul 
Anthony Tullo. younger son of 
Mr Henry Tullo. of Pyrford, 
Surrey, and the late Mr Henry 
Tullo. and Miss Arabella Eliza- 

beth Bradley Woods, younger 
daughter ofMajor-General and 
Mr Henry Woods, ofTockwith, 
near York. • ■ 

A family reception was held at 
Leighton House. 

Church news 



Ttte Rev R P Andrew, curate. St Mary 
Ute virgin. Kenton, diocese of London, 
to be incumbenL St Amelin's. Haves, 
same diocese. 

The Rev D N Baxter. Tram vicar. 
Becontree West Tram Ministry, di- 
ocese or Chelmsford. Lo be Team 
Redor. same tram ministry: 

The Rev O E w Buckler, curate. 
Houghton Regis, diocese of St Albans. 

Houghton Rests, diocese of SI Albans, 
to be Team vicar, wnungton Team 

- (Hadrian Park), diocese of Newcastle. 

Canon M c Burred. Norwich 
Diocesan Director of Education, to be 

director -of irainbn. same. diocese. 

_ The -Rev JL-G Com.- priefl-(n%harge. 

The Rev J S Ward, vicar. ■ Ireland 
Wood. Leeds, diocese of Rlpon. to be 
CtwpUdnof Weils Cathedral School, 
diocese of Bath and Wells. 

Resignations and retirements 

The Rev EtevM J Baker. .vicar Si 
Adians.' HuU. diocese of York, to 
reNgn on September 19. 

The Rev R-K Hammerlon. incum- 
bent. St Mary's Harmondswarlh. 
diocese of London, lo retire. 

The Rev A J Irwin. Vtcar. Wethers- 
field and.- Biadonore End with 
StuifonL diocese of Chelmtford. to 
retire on September 30. 

- All. Sain Is, Pndldoa, and- dJdcesaa 
communications officer, diocese of 
Blackburn, to be a Hugh's MMskmer 
for South Humberside and Urban 
Mtuftxi. alocese of LlncolB. . 

The Rev n H FredUiy .■ Team vicar, 
a Thomas and Emmanuel ■ Team ■ 

Church of Scothuid 
inductions "T . ■ - • ” •" ” 

The Rev -Alison Paul to Motherwefi, 
North. • ' . 

-The Rev W "Black to Domeso with 

Mimsmy. diocese of Exeter, to be 
vicar. Beer with, B ran scome. same 

diocese. . . 

The Rev E F H Gramtiaw. "vicar, st 
Andrews,. MJ rehouse.- diocese or 
CarHale. also an honorary canon 
of Carlisle Cathedral, same diocese. 

The Rev G Hams-Evans.- vicar. All 
Sain Is. BcnlUHon. Sun on. diocese of 
Southwark.- ■ lo be Tram Rector. 
Coventry East Team Ministry, diocese 
of Coventry. 

..The Rev B H O. HUl. curate. 

The Rev J Forbes as AsKKWe al 
CUoyow prtesthHL 
The -Rev -Moira McCormick lo- 
Buchlyvie.wttn Garanoce. 

The Rev j Lincoln to ABnaharra 
and Farr. 

The Rev- WJ AlnsUe as Community 
Minister al GSasgow Einier house. 

The Rev C W Clausen as Commu- 

Marketors* Company 
Thc Lord Mayor, accompanied 
by Mr Sheriff and Mis Neary, 
wasu.ihe .g ue st of- honour pod 
^xaker at a' luncheon given by 
the Marketors' Company at 
Painter Stainers’ Hall yesterday. 
Mr Leslie C. Smfth. Master, and 
-Mr Geoffrey G Naylor. Senior 
Warden, also spoke. 

ntty Minister at HanUUon. Trinity. 
The Rev Eleanor o Muir to Faain. 

Hamnreston. diocese or Salisbury, to 
be Team vicar. North Ferriby Tram 
wtih special rcsuonslMlUy 

MhMty. with special resoonsl 

for St Barnabas. Swaniand.' diocese of 

The Rev K . G_ Honwrt. curate, 
emur Church. Bootle, diocese of 
UverpooL to be curate: Si Giles and St 
PidUp and St James with St Margaret, 
ana ChaoMHv of Lady Margaret HalL 
Oxford, diocese of Oxford. 

The Rev j n Luscombe. uspc 
rrHsstonary from .Zimbabwe, to be 
Vicar, All Sahus. Queensbury. diocese 
of London. 

The Rev E A Marpherson. Vicar. St 
Jaises the AposUe. Sharon. Oniario. 
Canada, to be vicar, wesibury sub 
Meodip with Easton and Priddy. 

.The Bev J B MacLean to Barra. 
The Rev P Eamshaw loStromncss. 
The Rev S A BaUantyne to Ascog 
with Cralgmore SI Brendan'S. 

TM Rev A 1 Campbell, to Boahy. 
East with West. . 

- The Rev A U Ermine to Banff. Si 

The. RevJ -W Anderson to Kin- 
cardine CTNefll with -Lumphanan. 

The Rev PtilftRpa to' Peterhead. 
West AssocUte. 

The Rev j Watson to wkk- Old. 

dtocese oC Bam and Wells. 

The Rev A . R MarUn. Rector. 
AakenweiL Loners and Powers; octc. 
diocese of Salisbury, to be abo Rural 
Dean of Lyme Bay. same diocese. 

The- Rev P Martin, curate. Holy 
Trinity. Taunton, dtoccor of Bath and 
WMks. to be curate. St Mary and St 
John.. Balh wick. Bath, some diocese. 

The Rev. T Pack. Vicar. NaUand. 
diocese of ' Carlisle, lo he also an 
honorary canon of Carlisle Cathedral, 
same diocese . _ ... 

- . The Rev. M Parker, curate. Holy 
Trimly. Norwich, diocese of Norwich.- 
to be curate. SI James. MuswelJ HU). 

to be curate. St James. Muswell 

dlootse ot London.- 
The Rev L J Peat, vicar. 
Skelsmergh ■ with Seiside and 
Longsieddaie- and Rural Dean of 
Kendal, diocese of Cartate. lo be 

Longsteddato- and Rural Dean 
Kendal, mocese of Carlisle, lo 
Team vtcar. Klrkhy Lonsdale, sa 

diocese. He remains Rural Dean of 
K The 1 Rev R J PMw. vicar. St Paul's. 

The Rev R J PMw. vicar. ST Pate's, 
Harrow, diocese Of London, to De 
curate. SI John the BapOsl. HUUng- 
don. same diocese. 

The Re, J C Porthouse. Vicar. St 
John. -Beckenham and Rural Dean of 
Beckenham, diocese of Rochester, to 
be Vicar. S peter with Christ Church 
and si Moiuiew. Sou ih boro ugh. same 
diocese. __ 

Lorinens' Company 
Mr Robert A - J. Bowman, 
Master of the Loriners’ Com- 
pany. presided at a luncheon 
held yesterday al Saddlers* HalL 
Mr Walter F. Ellershaw, Upper 
Warden, and Mr E.P.T. Roney, 
Chief Commoner, also spoke. 

British-Soviet Chamber of 
Commerce - 

Dr Norman Wooding. Deputy 
Chairman .of the East European 
Trade Council, was the guest 

speaker ata luncheon- held at the 
Connaught Rooms yesterday by 

Connaught Rooms yesterday by 
the British-Soviet Chamber of 
Commerce. Sir John Mayhew- 
Sanders presided and the Soviet 
Ambassador was among those 


Royal College of Pathologists 
Professor Barbara. E. Clayton, 

President of the Royal College 
of. Pathologists, entertained 
members and their guests at 
dinner at 2 Carlton House 
Tenace last night. 

Scottish Episcopal Church . 

The Rev J P Moran lo be Curate. SI 
Martin . or Tour. Tynecastte. Edith 


Corporation of London 

The Lord Mayor, accompanied 
by the Sheriffs, was present at a 
reception given by the Corpora- 
tion of London .at GuDdhaJt 
yesterday to -mark the European 
Road Saferv Conference ) 986. 

The Rev D Rake. Anglican, Chaplain 
lo Warwick university, diocese of 
Coventry, to Be Vicar. Kenilworth, 
same diocese. 

The Very Rev E W Brady: to resign 

Dean of Edinburgh as from September 

Dean of Edinburgh > 

The Rev- B' A Han 
Edinburgh, as from 

to be Dean of. 

Latest Hills 

Dame Helen . Gardner. . _of 
Eynsham. Oxfordshire. Merton 
professor of English literature. 
Oxford University. 1966-75. left 
estate valued at £327.632 net. 
She left her books variously to 
the BOdleian Library and die 
English Faculty. Library. Ox- 

ford. and all her pictures to the 
Ashmolean Museum. * 

Mrs Edna Scanning, of M^rylq-. 
bone. London. left, estate valued 

at £). 995.005 net 
Ueieriam-General Sir Richard 

George ; Colling wood, of 
Alnwick^ . ' Northumberland, 
GOC-in-C. Scottish Command, 
and Governor of Edinburgh 

Castle; 1958-61. left . £110.150 
Brigadier Henry James Lindsay 
Green . of Ashurst, West Sussex. 
former director of Racecouse 
Security Services, left £292,737 

Brigadier Otho Leslie Prior- 
Palmer. of Honiton. Conser- 
vative MP for Worthing. 1945- 
64. left £32314 net 

‘Science report . 

Step nearer bone disease test 

By Dorotliy Bonn 

A number of serious genetic 
diseases can be detected earix 
in pregnancy gini^ parents 
the. choice of opting for. a 
termination if. the- mother is 
found to be caityfc&&n affect- 
ed foetus! But one' inherited 
disorder has nntil now eluded 

The disease, osteogenesis 
imperfecta.', or brittle bone 
disease, is characterized by a 
tendency lor bones, to fracture 
easily. But -the manifestation 
of the disease varies so widely ' 
that a nriMIf affected parent - 
caa have a baby so badly 
affected that its skeleton 
crumbles shortly after, "or even 
before birth, or the chOd may 
be severely stunted and crip- 

The disease affects about 1 
in 20.000 babies,. 'and so far 
there is no effective treatment. 

Osteogenesis hnperibeta is 
caused ,by 2 dominant .Rene, 

and people who are only 
mildly affected and survive to 
have children themselves have 
a SO per cent chance, at each 
birth, of producing a baby with 
the disease. 

the underlying defect is an 
abnormality of collagen, a 
major component of bone and 
other tissues, such as skin, 
ligaments ami heart valves, 
that can be affected by the* 
disease. . 

For this reason the search 
for the one' or more mutant 
gene has centred on analysis of 
the genes coding for Cofiageo. 
However, collagen is con- 
trolled by a number of differ- 
ent . genes on. different: 
chromosomes, and this has 
hindered the development of 
an antenatal test 

A- so-called “marker** gene, 
closely linked to: a known 
collagen gene was 'Identified 
some time ago. A gene probe is 
now available to detect that. 

■ defective gene. Bat the probe 
will only identify a proportion 
of affected .foetuses, and that is 
. not good enough fora diagnos- 
tic test. Parents who seek 
coanseUing need to ‘be certain 
whether or not their unborn 
child has the disease.. 

Dr Bryan Sykes and his 
colleagues, in the Nuffield 
Department of Pathology at 
Oxford University, have now 
identified a second marker 
gene- on a different 

More importantly; in their 
studies of families affected by 
tim condition they found in 
each case that the disease was 
associated wftfa one or other of 
two collagen genes. This virtu- 
ally roles out the possibility 
that any -other genes are 
involved -and Shoo Id lead the 
way to a modi needed antena- 
tal test 

Source; He Lancet, Joh TXp 
69. : : 



Distinguished Yugoslav artist 

Dr &GX, Wilkins 
and Dr H.M. Wroth 
The engagement is announced 
between 'Ednuind. youngest soil 
of Brigadier .and Mrs J-H. 
Wilkins, of.PowicK. ‘Worcester- 
shire. and Helen, elder daughter 
of Professor and Mrs C.P- 
Wroih. of Oxford. 

MrJ-A. Wishart 
and Miss &M.H^ Lloyd 
The engagement is announced 
between John, elder son of Mr 

and Mrs ' J.G. Wishart, of 
Mouingham. London, and Fiji, 
and Susan, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs E.P. Lloyd, of Bing- 
ham. Nottinghamshire. 


Mr SjC. BromfieM 
and Miss A JVL Fatty 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 19. hi the Chapel 
of Charterhouse : School, of Mr 
Diaries Brora field and -Miss 
Amanda Fully. The Rev Harry 
Dickens officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Sarah Futxy. Sheena 
-Fully. Lucy .Paine. Briony 

Marko Celebonovic.. the 
Yugoslav painter, died m St 
Tropes on July 23. at the age 
of 84. 

His reputation abroad stood 
higher, .perhaps, than that of 
any other Yugoslav artist, 
and. though important works 
are on display in Belgrade, the 
majority of his pictures are 
scattered in museums ana 
private collections throughout 
Ihe world. 

He was bom in 1902 in 
Belgrade and read law at 
Oxford and Paris. But he gave 
this up to study sculpture 
under Emile-Antome 
Bourdelle in Paris, and then 
look up painting in 1923. 

He remained in France 
where he quickly developed a 
personal style and acquired a 
reputation. His early works - 
intimiste in the naturalistic 
style then current at the Ecole 
de Paris - were seen to have 
considerable psychological 
impact in their use of colour, 
when they were exhibited at 

the Salon des Tuilcrics in 

In the 1 930s he developed a 
sfumato technique whose rich, 
blended, coloration had a 
lasting influence on a later 
generation of artists in 

During the Second world 
War he plavcd an active part 
with the French Resistance 
from 1942 to 1944, and w*s a 
Yugoslav liaison officer with 
Eisenhower's European head- 
quarters in 1945-46. From 
1949 to 1 960 he was a member 
of the Yugoslav Embassy in 


In the 1950s Celebonovic 
began to strive for simpler 
modes of self-expression, re- 
ducing his palette and relying 
more on linear forms in a 
manner suggestive of Giorgio 
Morandi. with whom he 
shared certain other qualities. 
Like Morandi he devoted 
much of his output to still-life 
objects, often investing them 
with anthropomorphic quaK- 


Mr W. Lockhart - 
and Miss J. Davies 
The marriage look place on July 
13, al St Peter’s and Sr Paul's 
Church, Wadhurst, of Mr Wil- 
liam Lockhart, only son- of Mrs 
L Lockhart and the late Dr D.R. 
Lockhart, and Miss Jill Davies, 
elder daughter of Mrs S. Willis 
and Mr W. Davies. 

Mr Charles Ransom. CMG. 
OBE, an historian in the 
historical section of the Cabi- 
net Office since 1 972, died on 
July 20. He was 75. 

Charles Frederick George 
Ransom was educated at Uni- 
versity College London where 
he was a Ricardo Scholar from 
1933io 1935. He was appoint- 
ed an extra-mural lecturer at 
the university in 1936, a post 
he held until 1940. 

During the war. he served at 
home and in Italy in the York 
and Lancaster Regiment, ris- 
ing lo the rank of major. He 
then joined the Foreign Office 
in 1946. 

From 1958 to 1961, Ran- 

som served as first secretary at 
the British embassy in Rome. 
He joined the historical sec- 
tion of the Cabinet Office in 
1972. From 1968 10 1980. he 
was a Fellow of the Centre for 
Contemporary European 
Studies at Sussex University, 
being appointed its director in 

!973 * U K „ 

The same year he had 
published The European 
Community and Eastern Eu- 
rope. He also had a hand in.a 
three-volume work entitled 
British Intelligence in the Sec- 
ond World MVir.- 

He married in 1 943, Eileen 
Marv Emily, daughter of the 
Right Rev A. 1. Greaves. They 
had two sons and a daughter. 


HM Government 
Mr Tim Eggar,MP, was host at a 
luncheon held yesterday at Lan- 
caster House tn honour of Mr 
M arrack Goukiing. Under Sec- 
retaiy-Gcneral, Special Political 
Affairs, United Nations. 

Dr Alan' Gilniour. director of 
the NSPCC. writes: 

In your obituary of Lord 
Crawshaw of Aintree (July 17) 
you referred to his non-stop 
walking records of 1972 and 
1974. On both these occa- 
sions, he raised thousands of 
pounds for the NSPCC; and 
agairuin 1 980, he was one of a 
team of parliamentarians who 
undertook a sponsored para- 
chute jump for charity. 

His interest in the welfare of 
children was great, and he 
served on the central execu- 

tive committee of this society 
from 1973 until his death. 

He was a wonderful man, 
warm hearted, committed, 
and caring, who was regular in 
his attendance at meetings - 
even when carrying out the 
duties of deputy chairman of 
Ways and Means. 

He was a wise counsellor, 
full of sturdy common sense, 
with a stalwart commitment 
to the welfare of our staff. 

In all this work, he was 
wonderfully supported by his 
wife, Audrey. 


Mr S. Kumar writes: 

It was in the high tradition 
of the obituary column to 
devote its space on July 7 10 
Mr Jagjivan-Ram. the veieran 
Indian leader. However id 
qualify him as the leader pf 
only the ex-untouchables was 
not exactly - fair inasmuch 
as“Babiijrs” popularity went 
right across- .the board of 
Indian society. He had a deep 
knowledge of the Hindu reli- 
gious scriptures, and was ad- 
mired as a shrewd judge of 
men- and an efficient 

It should be pointed out 
that he'' did not join the 
Congress led by Mrs Gandhi 
after he parted company with 
her on the eve of the general 
elections in 1977. Further, he. 
was considered the most fa- 
voured leader of the victori- 
ous Janata Party, iflhe normal 
procedure of choosing the 
leader by the elected members 

of the Parliament had been 
adopted in March 1977. 

Again, it- was widely com- 
mented- in Indian political 
circles that the then President. 
Mr Sanjiva Reddy, denied 
him the office of Prime Minis- 
ter when Moraiji Desai stood 
down, possibly on account of 
his political rivalry. 

Ram was. thus, twice within 
reach of fulfilling Mahatma 
Gandhi's dream of an ex- 
untouchable occupying the 
highest political office in 

The last few years of the 
veteran politician were 
marked by a rather low-profile 
role both due to his failing 
health and the totally altered 
political environment He 
had, on his last birthday in 
April, reached political under- 
standing with Prime Minister 
Rajiv Gandhi, who appointed 
him the chairman of the high 
panel on Punjab. 


The Right Hon Enoch Pow- 
ell. MP. writes • 

For those of us who knew 
and loved him: your notice 
(July 18) of the death of John 
Mellor (MP from 1935 to 
1 955) at the age of 93 echoed 
the knell of a departed age. 

As a young officer he was 
among those taken prisoner by 
the Turks at Kut in 1915 and 
held In the notorious prison 
camp at Kara Kurn Hissar. 

Throughout his. life, and 
especially his twenty years in 
the House of Commons, he 

remained the beau sabreur , 
always prompt to strike a blow 
for constitutional rights and 
liberties, generous and kindly 
to a fault in his personal 
dealings and the soul of hon- 
our to all men. 

His endeavours during the 
1950 and 1951 parliaments 
helped to build up the present 
procedural safeguards in par- 
liament against the abuse of 
ministerial power.. 

. .Would there were more of 
his tlk sitting on the green 
benches today. 

Institution of 



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The curse of the drinking 
classes loomed large in the 
first shift of Workout (C en- 
tral), a new six-parter oo the 
Changing coitions of work in 
.‘Britain. As a trailer for what is 
Slated to develop into a mote 

focused examination of' the 

'jHahject, this introduction did 
Its /oh adequate))', without 
entirely' dodging the' usual 
cliches about “the quiet 
revolution" . of- post-indus- 

Workis such an open-ended 
topic that its discussion on 
' television tends to deteriorate 
into mere lists of quotes: 

. virtually anything can. and 
indeed is, said on the subject. 

- Hiram had a tattirer stress- 
ing the. importance of work in 

^moolding social identity, a 
-jeweller harping on -his . own 
: job-satisfaction, a farmer be- 
moaning the impersonality of 
modem agrarian lift and a 
pot-throwing Cistercian monk 
: finding biblical justification 
' for labour. 

A slightly wistful note was 
‘-struck by the retired folk in 
/Leicester who rehearsed the 
attitndes forced on them by 
lives spent in ' the grinding 
.pursuit of meagre rewards. 
One assumes that their grand- 
' children, having hugely, been 
released from this condition, 
now enjoy oceans of free time 
in which to imagine the ways 
they might spend the money 
they do not have — - the 
distinctly tawdry actuality of 
‘“the leisure society". It will be 
-interesting to see whether 
\Workout actually tackles the 
. emotive subject of insfitnthm- 

- aimed .unemployment (adum-. 
brated last night by the talking 
.silhouette of a jobless suicide's 
widow) or whether it . retreate 

..behind a stockade of shib- 
. boleihs- . - ‘ 

The Royal College of Art 
students who featured .in 
■ Burning the Pkoenix (Thames) 
showed every intention of 
avoiding such a fete. Indeed, it 
might not be too fanciful to 
imagine that the C In RCA 
now stands for “commercial 1 ". 
-The sight of fashion and 
textile stude n ts toiling- for 
their assessments cameras a 
‘ bracing contrast to Otoe's -own 
distant memory of the filaSe as 
a hive of idleness Kmniriiiig 
with nothing more productive 
* than' the -spirit of “sdf- 

ie yotmg subjects turned 
.out to be self-possessed and 
articulate, as well as being 
.several degrees moreindustri- 
ous than the programme-mak- 
ers. who seem content with 
routine, fly-on- the- Ai^lepoise 
footage. The series’ tide con- 
tinues to baffle. - 

Martin Cropper 


Sincere case-history of 

Sid and Nancy (18) 
Lumiere; Gate Notting 
Hill; Camden Plaza 

The Karate Kid II 

Odeon Marble Arch; 

Warner West End 

Filins from BFI 
National Film Theatre 

If there was ever a Ipst generation it 
was thatof the first English punks, 
who appeared in the late Seventies. 
Derek Jarman's Jubilee: (1978) 
caught the moment with horrible 
accuracy and gloomy prescience. . 

Preceding generations of teenage 
rebels had felt they were , either 
fighting for causes or rebelling 
againsta hostile society. The punks 
recognized only a big nothingness 
— a society that was bankrupt 
culturally as well as economically, 
but wbich in any case had no place 
for them.' They feh themselves 
discarded, aimless and alone; and 
so to pass the time they cordially 
spat at - : one another, bounced 
mechmricalty to- their own -music, 
invented ghoul ishget-u ^.sculpted 
their hair into Dayglo abstractions, 
painted "Max Factor oyer grimy 
skins and wore Union Jacks on 
their bottoms or painted on dose- 
shaven heads. . 

What seemed most dispiriting 
about them, as they squatted on 
their haunches in Hammersmith 
Underground on Saturday nights, 
gazing vacantly over the tracks, 
was their docility: they had not 
even belligerence or anything to 
fight against When they defeced 

and destroyed things, it was not in 
protest but like just to 
fill the emptiness and stave off the 
boredom that was overwhelming. 
Anything that displeases the peopte 
in Sid and Nancy ‘ is dismissed 
conclusively as ”bo’rin’ 

. Abbe Wool who co-wrote Sid 
and Nancy y/ith the director Alex 
Cox, writes that “personally I think 
that the original- punk movement 
was the best tiling that has Jiapr 
petted to culture iii my lifetime". . 
He also notes “1 ara not exactly- 
femous for sensitivity or mean- 
ingfulness". Alex Cox for his pan 
says that he “set out to make a 
romantic film" about the love stoiy 
of Sid Vicious, bass player of the 
Sex Pistols, and Nancy Spungdo;a 
drug-wrecked . American groupie. 
In tact any romantic intention is 
defeated precisely because the film 
bas such a degree of honesty, 
humanity, detachment and real- 
ism. It becomes rather a clinical 
-. case-history of two pitiably disor- 
dered people. 

The Sex Pistols’ brief blaze of 
noiority began in 2977 and ended 
when the group broke up after a 
year during which their gross 
public behaviour -attracted more 
attention than their music. Sid 
Vicious tried haphazardly to make 
a career as a single, until in 
October 1978 when he was found 
in a room in the Chelsea Hotel 
New York, with Nancy beside him ' 
stabbed to death. He was attested-- 1 
and bailed, -bur died of a drug 
dveTdose; before he - could- be" 
brought to.triaL. ' 

The film does not enqurreinto 
Sid's history or motives. He is 
presented as a good-natured, ex- 
tremely slow-witted youth, bewil- 
dered by drink, drugs, adulation 
and his. inexplicable gift for creat- 
ing sounds capable of exciting 
young teen audiences to frenzy. He 
is certainly the dimmest and most 
unprotected of the group, for 

dimmer than .Johnny Rotten 
(Drew" Schofield) and certainly 
than their mephistophelean pro- 
moter Malcolm McLaren (David 
Hayman) - who in his real person 
participated in a previous film- 
about the group, Julian Temple's 
The Crew Rock and Rol/ Swime. 

Sid's dependence upon Nancy is 
understandable: Despite a brain 
addled by heroin, and her fils qf 
infantile hysteria, she js Still - a 
much stronger character than the 
feeble - Sid, providing a shaky 
illusion of support and security. 

' The central performances are 
extraordinary, exploring all ' the 
dimensions of these wispy people. 
Gary Oldman has taken on some- 
thing of the looks of Sid, and 
impersonates his singing passably, 
but beyond this probes all his 
defencelessness and ignorant di- 
verted goodwill. Chloe. Webb, an 
American stage actress, plays Nan- 
cy with shrill desperate defiance: 
and her face — ghastly white, 
prematurely middle-aged and with 
a 'pinched, purple mouih like a 
cartoon character — simulates the 
ravages of drugs with frightening ■ 
effectjvenes. Among the support- 
ing players, Graham Fletcher Cook 
is outstanding in a small role as a 
punk musician a degree more self- 
conscious than the rest. 

. What actually happened in the 
hotel roo.m the night that Nancy 
died fs_ forever a. mystery. By the 
time they came to shoot ^the scene ; 
for -the film, the aefors .were - so. 
much apart of their roles that Alex . 
Cox left them to improvise; and 
they come up- with an interprets- - 
tion of the events that is as 
plausible as it is pitifoL 

Cox places his people in Expres- 
sionist settings created out of the 
reality of East London pubs, Soho 
dubs, hotel rooms and New York 
streets fouled with garbage and 
graffiti. He excels in his capture of 
: reality; the film only stumbles with 

Defenceless, ignorant, diverted goodwill: Drew Schofield (left) and Gary Oldman in Sid and Nancy 

the banality of his efforts at 
visionary heights, like Sid’s record- 
ing of “My Way” or his hallucina- 
tion of a resurrected Nancy at the 

The Karate Kid II takes up the 
adventures of the. baby-faced, 
buck-toothed karate geoiusjRalph 
Macchio) where they left off at the 
end of the original Karate Kid. 
which was a 1 runaway box-office 
winner in 1 984. In the new episode, 
the fearless boy hero (Macchio is 
actually 24) accompanies his mar- 
tial arts master (Noriyuki Morita) 

. to. Okinawa, where they take on the 
.local badfiats. Action — including a ‘ 
typhoon ex mdchiha — alternates ■ 
with sentimentality and rather a Jot 
of wist old orienud sayings;' and at ’ 
two -hours it all seems -dangerously 
' extended for the concentration of 
the teen audience for which it is 
intended. The director was John 
G. Avildson, whose earlier tri- 
umphs include Rocky. 

•'The National Film Theatre is 
currently presenting a season of 
films made over the past thirty 
years by the British. Him institute's 
Production- Board (previously 

called, the Experimental Him 
Fundi It is- a remarkable record. 
: with a far lower rate -of disasters 
(which there have inevitably been) 
than most commercial film enter- 
prises. Outstanding Production 
Board films have included Kevin 
Brownlow’s and Andrew Mollo's 
Winstanley. Peter Greenaway's 
The Draughtsman's Contract and 
the Bill Douglas and Terence 
Davies trilogies. 

Directors whose first films were 
sponsored by the Board include 
Karel Reisz, Tony Richardson, 
Stephen Frears. Jack Gold, Ken 
Russell Claude. Gorerta and Alain 
Tanner. Thefilms have.dealt with 
themes — including race, class -and 
• Ireland — which the commercial 
cinema has generally shirked. Re- 
cently there have been profitable 
collaborations with Channel 4. 
Greenaway's Zed and Two 
Noughts, Jarman's Angelic Conver- 
sation and Caravaggio and Hugh 
Brody's Nineteen Nineteen have all 
recently had commercial release; 
and Franco Rosso's Sixty-Four 
Day Hero was premiered this week 
on tdevison. . 

The season concludes on Thurs- 
day with a preview of two new 
films: the Quay Brothers' animated 
short Street of 1 Crocodiles and 
Terence Davies's Distant Voices. 
The Davies film is offered as a 
work in progress, the first pan ofa 
diptych; and it would be wrong to 
pre-empt the impact of the finished 
film by writing too much at this 
stage — except to say that it 
promises to be one of the mo$t 
original and outstanding British 
films of the period. 

It is an impressionist collage of 
the memories of a working-class 
family; developed -in a highly 
formalistic' style. The acting Js 
. mannered and the shots are com- rigorous symmetry — ve$ 
many of them concentrated on the 
front door of a terrace cottage ip 
Liverpool, it is mesmeric in effect, 
totally destroying the - spectator's 
sense of real time, and capturing as 
no British film before it has done 
the essence of working-dass life m 
the years around the Second Worficl 

David Robinson 

The centenary of the death of 
Franz Liszt — the musician 
who most 1 epitomizes the 
grand scale, the paradoxical 
self-doubting and the high 
romantic flourishes of 19th- 
century art — is being celebrat- 
ed by BBC Television with an 
appropriately grandiose, 
“dear the schedules" flourish 
of its own. For six consecutive 
nights, starting toraorrowvand 
culminating on the actual date 
of. death. JTuIy 3J, BBC2..Is 
broadcasting a'string'df cop- 
certs- aad documeutaries. - ... 

■ Alfred: BrendH . introduces 
and- plays /t/mte de. p&er- 
inage - Baal 'Crossley,. whose 
television- career was done no 
harm by his anchorman role 
in Channel 4's recent innova- 
tive Sinfonietta series, pre- 
sents a largely biographical 
documentary. Another British 
pianisi ' Graham Johnson, 
takes a .critical look at Liszt's 
songs, and a redial .of piano 
“pops" by Malcolm Frager 
prepares the way for the big 
finale: the live relay of a 

--Richard Moirisonia1roducestbe-i-~ 
BBC’s celebrations of the centenary of 
Liszt’s death, which begin tomorrow 

Romantic flourish 

centenary concert at Bayreuth, 
with. . one pianist -(Daniel 
Barenboim) - conducting and-, 
another fKrysti an Zimerman) 
the Soloist ih the Second Piano 
Concerto,;. 7*.,,'. 

Gi^ Wsrfsown phenonvi 
enal- keyboard abilities it is 
hardly surprising that the 
BBCs tribute should involve 
so many pianists. What night 
disappoint Lisztomanes 
slightly, though,' is the pro- 
grammes' lack of breadth: the 
exclusion, for -instance, of all 
the big choral works resusd- 
taied a few years ago when 
-BBC Radio London mounted 
its London Liszt Festival. . 

However; the fens can hard- 
ly complain about the BBCs 

commitment oh the centenary 
day . itself Besides the Bay- 
reuth event,' Radio- 3 relays 
two Liszt -"Proms from: the 
Albert Hall and . (timing -the 
afternoon) broadcasts his only 
opera. Doh. Simdbe mk The 
Criftfe of Love. For- this one 
'must 'hot- raise' too many 
expectations: Liszt wrott. it 
- when he was but. 13, mid his 
own formidable castle of love 
was presumably only at the 
planning stage. \ 

Liszt bas never quite held 
his place in the first division of 
1 musical reputations. For every 
music-lover thrilled by. his 
pioneering ' structures, the 
wide-ranging literary and vi- 
sual references enriching his 

musk-andthfrsheerpower of 
the " sonorities Tie conjures, 
there is another who is antipa- 
thetic ~ to what is seen . as 
“cheap thrills"; That is why 
the opening two programmes, 
featuring a pianist many re- 
gard as the most intellectually 
weighty of our era, are so 

iBrendel not .only plays . the 
! •f/m&s wjth superb clarity and 
pp: lack of evocati Y^ pictorfel 
LiouchesftbV Swiss Book,- with 
a/ thunderous^ intehse 4 *Or- 
age". a^ radfent .and-. rarefied 
■qivClpdKs deGeiteye" and, 
>"a. = magisterially Pleasured 

Vallee d’Oberpiann", : is par-, 
ticuiariy good). Healso brings 
to his commentaries a depth 
of cultural insight that, one 
suspects, would have allowed 
him -to hold his end up quite 
adequately in conversation 
with the composer himself 
.There are few pianists around 
about whom- 'that could be 
saicL, and it -is this' quality 
which' gives these programmes 
a specraj fascination. . 

Promenade Concert 

RPO/Haridley - 
Albert Hall/Radio 3 

After Hgar and Walton, thun- 
dering imperiously from the 
Westminster Abbey organ in 
the- morningr ■ -Wednesday^ 
Prom made, appropriately 
grand British 1 noises. _ too. 
Whether an oratorio about a 
monarch and- his. feasting 
chums being massacred -in 
'their own pabcewas themost 
tactful thing'teiingoti this day 
. is" ? debatable matter: No 
.matien, under Vernon 
.Handley’s ebullient, direction 
Walton V Belshazzafs Feast 
rounded jolly celebratory any- 
way. whether we were defiling 
the sacred vessels or crowing 
oyer Babylon’s fed - 

It ,was ; a stunning .perfor- 
mance. further evidence of 
■Handley's matterful way. with 
early 20lh<entury English 
music. He controlled, shaped 

and balanced: he: pointed up 
the dance rhythms and 
brought out scoring felicities 
that frequently get lost in the 
crowd. He persuaded his 
forces — the Royal Philhar- 
. monic Orchestra, the Brighton 
Festival Chorus and the Colle- 
gium Musicum of London — 
not to give everything too 
sqorr. but when .the' climaxes 
came ; they- : had a ’ whiplash. 
’ excitement Thehrass playing, 
both. on. .andL. off stage, was 
• particularly- .good: . riimblfe- 

- tonguedand sSyeMonect - . 

• It is a pity that the work has 

■ slotted so comfortably inioihe- 
.“English choral tradition"; for 
it discourages speculation 
about the authors’ true rea- 
sons for setting this blood- 
thirsty "Old Testament tale. 
Walton and Osbert Sitwell 
were not naive, or insensitive 
to the climate of 'their times. 

- Both must have sensed that an 
oratorio about the murder of 
Belshazzar and the o verthrow- 

- ing of the status quo ' -In 
Babylon would set' off uneaky 
resonances in the minds of a 
generation which had wit- 
nessed the Russian Revolu- 
tion barely a decade earlier.; 

Yet Walton was careful not 
to press the irony too hard. 
' excepT In “the 'taunting ca- 
dences of the baritone’s 
recitatives. In these - few 
. .umnetred bars the soloist.can 
alterthe mood of the whole 
..piece. Here Bebjamin Luxbn 
adopted: an ^admirably dark, 
.sardonic tone, measured, and 
sinister^ Rather naughtily; he 
also -pre-empted the chbriis’s 
great .moment by', shouting 
“slain” himself: a temporary 
aberration, I hope. 

Earlier, a serene perfor- 
mance of Vaughan Williams’s 
Fifth Symphony- had- been 
' notable for the tonal beauty pf 
the RPO’s niulti-divided 
string sound.. . • 

Richard Morrison 



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Covent Garden 

With its second production of 
the Lqndon season, given at 
Covent Garden on TVednes- 
day, the Bolshoi Ballet- moved 
' on fo more familiar ground: a 
. revised version of one of the 
-great classic ballets which can 

• /be compared, point for point, 

' with many stagings already 

seen in the West. 

Raymonda has two great 
’ assets: a marvellous score by 
-Glazunov and choreography 
■fey Ffetipa which is among that 

• master's finest. The orchestra 
of Sadler's Wells Royal BalleL 
which is playing for the sea- 
son. is accustomed to pans of. 
the music and takes happily to 

-uhe rest under the direction of 
Alexander Lavrenyuk, a con- 
ductor who can be guaranteed 
to give a sympathetic account 
of it since he was himself a 
dancer (and rather a good one. 

. if I remember rightly) before 
studying music and taking up 
his present vocation. 

So far as. the staging is 
/concerned, one could com- 
. plain that Yuri Grigorovich’s 
preference for scenery that 

■ remains unobtrusive, almost 
unnoticeable. is at odds with 

- the voluptuous richness of the 

■ score. His invariable collabo- 

rator. Simon Vrrsaladze, is 
capable of more sumptuous 
designs-and it is a pity that on 
this occasion be was rest- 

So the brilliance has to 
comb entirely from the dances 
and. in the sequences where 
we get Petipa, more or less 
undiluted, they work splen- 
didly. Luckily, in the course of 
a long evening, there are many 
such, in the solos for 
Raymonda and her friends, in 
the dream sequence and in the 
Grand Pas Hongrois of the 
final wedding celebration. 
(Yes. even the Bolshoi Ballet 
could not escape the day’s 
universal theme.) 

In his revision of the ballet, 
first given m. 1984, Grigo- 
rovich has . made some 
changes even to .such Jong- 
admired set-pieces. 1 cannot 
see that his amendments are 
improvements. Why, for in- 
stance. rob Raymonda of her 
romantic first entry, picking 
up the flowers strewn by her 
friends? However, the more 
serious quibble I have about - 
his presentation of those clas- 
sic gems is the lack of ceremo- 
niousness m their setting. The 
court dances, the processions, 
the small (but therefore all the 
more vital) confrontations 
that advance the slight story, 
all have a certain sameness 

. ... 

Nina Ananiashvili: sweet, sure, light and spirited 

I— « 







about them, a mannered treat- 
ment that can seem per- 

More surprising, from a 
man who was admired as a 
character dancer before he 
turned to choreography, is the 
lack of weight and sparkle in 
the national dances. Gone are 
the days when Russian ballet- 
masters could hold a seminar 
on the correct way of bringing 
tile hand behind the head in a 
czardas; now the dancers sim- 
ply tap briskly,- any old how. 
although Elena Radchenko in 
the leading' couple seems to 
preserve something of the old 

Ultimately, success depends 
on the dancing. This cast was 
led by Lyudmila Semenyaka 
in the title role: a ballerina of 
style and authority, especially 
in the graciousness of her arm 
movements. She has a sweet 
smile, too. but allowed it to 
show seldom until the last act. 
Yuri Vasyuchenko as the cru- 
sader hero gives a perfectly 
presentable performance witb- 




'YC£ — .. .. 



01.628 8795/638 8891 


out much individuality or 
special flavour to h. He seems 
rather a dry stick, which may 
explain why his fiancte found 
herself dreaming of the wicked 
Saracen. Abdur Akhman. who 
tries ip woo and then to 
abduct hen an enthusiastically 
villainous performance by 
.Andrei Shakhin. . 

Apart from Semenyaka the 
evening's outstanding perfor- 
mance came from Nina 
Ananiasbvtii in the first solo 
of the dream sequence, A 
slight, pretty young woman, 
she has a quality ail her own. 
Her dancing is not only swift, 
sure and light, but foil of spirit 
and life. Of many other fea- 
tured dancers in a large cast, 
nobody seriously let the side 
down (although it was surpris- 
ing to see one of the four men 
in the famous pas de quatre 
somewhat out of his depth) 
but very few made a strong 
individual impression, except 
perhaps Alla Mikhalchenko in 
her solo and Yuri Posqkhov as 
one of the troubadours. 

Does the performance as a 
whole eclipse what we are 
used to in the West? Certainly 
not. This is one of the world's 
great companies, and well 
worth seeing, but keep your 
expectations realistic. On the 
evidence so far it is no longer 
the legendary troupe ft once 

John Percival 


Forced framing 

Jane Eyre 


The problem' with .adapting 
the leading novels' of the 
Leavisite pantheon Tor the 
theatre is that the. qualities 
that give the books their prime 
attraction cannot be repro- 
duced on stage: one does not 
read Jane Eyre, for example, 
for the action, dialogue and 
costumes. What one does read 
it for (if at all) is its portrait of 
a provincial mind exploring 
_the possibilities of emotional 
fulfilment on the other side of 
Victorian corset ry, in an ideal- 
ized new world where happi- 
ness may be sanctified only by 
grotesque suffering - and then 
only after the displaced sexual 
repression symbolized by 
something nasty m the attic 
has been purged by fire. 

. Peter Coe’s decorous, gross- 
ly over-long version opens 
with Jane hammering on the 
door of the parsonage, which 
at least serves the purpose of 
getting Jenny Seagrove on 
stage from the start, and 
proceeds by splicing early 
scenes from her disadvan- 
taged childhood at Mrs 
Reed£ the XowoocT Instftu- - 
lion and, later, the entire 
vexed tale of her days at 
Tfaonifield Hall, into her grad- 
ual acceptance by the Rivers 

This framing device might 
work more fruitfully if there 
were some genuine mystery 
for the- plot to unravel but.' 
after 140 years, umpteen edi- 
tionsand two film versions, it 
does appear _ rather forced. 

Peter Rice’s three-tier , set of 
plain wood facilitates the 
dovetailing of anachronistic 
episodes, ! such as Sf John’s 
sermon - and the lO-yeawild 
'Jane’s - unnatural; punishment 
of standing on a stooL "but 
these ' juxtapositions remain 
inert. The adapter’s own pro- 
duction also toys with the 
tricksy device of directional 
microphones hooked up to an 
echo chamber, as in the wed- 
ding scene, which adds noth- 
ing to the mood of the piece. 

Miss Seagrove’s account of 
.the heroine draws on her 
.hatural even-iceeled reserve to 
-produce a -bind of virtuous 
hauteur, You can quite see 
.why St John (James WHby) 
sees m her a . potential 
missionary’s wife, but she has 
no gear-changes to speak of 
and her voice tends to bore in 
the voluminous passages 

• Northern Ballet Theatre be- 
come the first dance company 
eyer . to appear, at Glynde- 
boume when they present the 
premiere of their new produc- 
tion of S ni art Lake there on 
October 21 in a special charity 
gala in aid of their develop- 
ment fund. In this, the major 
new production of NBT's 
1986-87 season, the original 
Petipa/Ivanov • choreography 
will • be preserved, and aug- 
mented by Andrfi Prokovsky. 

Jane’s first encounter with 
Rochester, blundering 
through clouds of dry ice, is 
indeed, as she puts it “an 
incident of no moment" For 
many minutes Keith Michel! 
plays second fiddle to his 
■ handsomely magisterial dog 
Pilot (an engaging debut by 
"Shane; irainedDy Dusiy Ben- 
son) and only fitfully does his 
' affected, world-weary; vulner- 
able character begin to firm 

One cannot entirely forget 
that he is following in the 
footsteps of Orson Welles and, 
more latterly, George C. Scott, 
and one also regrets that the 
late Alan Badel is not avail- 
able to fill the rola^ Prolonged 
spasms' of hamming are to 
folio w. and his key scenes with 
Miss Seagrove owe much to 
the grand traditions of Victori- 
an melodrama.. 

-The design, ’costumes and 
lighting woik bard at authen- 
ticity but, as “Currer Bell" 
noted in the preface to the 
second edition, “appearance 
should not be mistaken for 
truth”. The abiding impres- 
sion is that of an animated 
Mills and Boon cover featur- 
ing the Lea vises waltzing on 
top of a music box. 

Martin Cropper 


Second Natkxwl Conference and Course 




Ledy Victoria Leettaei, 

Patrick PH Otpa QC, Hilary Kay. 

IMUeotaon, GUSao Weft*. 

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Hassan seeks 
recall of Arab 
peace summit 

From Michael McCarthy, Rabat 

.'King Hassan of Morocco 
yesterday invited all other 
Arab leaders to reconvene the 
Arab summit which produced 
the Fez peace plan of 1982. 

The plan, which recognized 
Israel for the first time, on 
condition that it withdrew 
from all Arab territories occu- 
pied in 1967. . 
was the basis of the King's 
position during his talks with 
Mr. Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
Prime Minister. 

.The talks, which ended late 
on Wednesday, failed to pnen- ' 
duce any dear-cut results. : ■ 
'He sent the invitations with 
letters to the other leaders, 
explaining why he had invited 
Mr Peres to his summer 
palace at the Ifrane in the 
Atlas Mountains and what 
they had talked about. 

Centre stage of 
world politics 

Diplomatic sources suggest- 
ed yesterday tbatKing Hassan 
may well have achieved his 
aim. in inviting Mr Peres by 
the Israeli Premier’svery 

■ The visit itself, which this 
week threw the King on to the 
centre stage of world politics, 
may well have been just as 
important to him as any 
possible fruitful outcome. 

It has enabled King Hassan 
once more to project himself 
as a charismatic mediator of 
true international stature, a 
role . for which he has a taste. 

The extrovert monarch, 
who has an air of the show- 
man about him: enjoys ges- 
tures which capture - the 
attention of the world. Com- 
parisons are being drawn be- 
tween the invitation to Mr 
Peres and the invitation to the 
Pope which led to the first 
visit of the Pontiff to a 
Muslim country in I98S. 

The small ski resort, which 
houses the grey' granite palace 
built by the King's father, was 
for three days this week the 
centre of world hopes that a 
breakthrough might be ach- 
ieved in -the Middle Eastern 
peace process. It had stalled 
when King Husain of Jordan 
abandoned his year-long at- 

tempt to get Mr Yassir Arafat 
and the Palestine Liberation 
Organization to a negotiating 
table in February. 

Mr Peres's assertion on his 
return that “further meetings" 
were being planned is taken 
with a large pinch of salt here 
and it is fell that any future 
contact will be at a much 
lower level than beads of state. 

In answer then to the ques- 
tion, "Why bother?", observ- 
ers here suggest King Hassan 
as well as Mr Peres had 
excellent personal reasons for 
the encounter. 

The meeting at Ifrane: the 
first for more than seven years 
between Arab and Israeli 
heads of state, was far too 
significant to be dubbed a 
public relations exercise by the 

But even though it pro- 
duced nothing it has been far 
from an embarrassment to the 

He has improved his rela- 
tions with the United States. 
The King is one of the most 
pro-American of the Arab 
leaders, and his daughter Prin- 
cess Meriem has a home in the 
US while the King has indicat- 
ed the possibility of the use by 
America's Rapid Deployment 
Force of Moroccan bases. 

His warm relationship with 
the US turned abruptly colder 
in 1984 when the King signed 
a political alliance with Libya. 
But his Israeli iniative has 
been warmly welcomed by the 
US. *■■■■' 

Little to fear from , 
domestic criticism 

And once again the King is 
able to stride the stage of 
world diplomacy. 

The daring move to wel- 
come Israel's leader is unlikely 
to have the fatal consequences 
it had for the last Arab head of 
state to attempt such a con- 
tact. Egypt's Anwar Sadat 

Sadat was assassinated by 
Muslim fundamentalists three 
years after signing '.the Camp 
David agreement with Israel 
But King Hassan has little to 
fear from domestic criticisms. 
Peres confident, page 8 
If Arafat goes, page 12 

Today's events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen . visits Lord's 
Cricket Ground for the England 
V New Zealand Test Match. 3. , 

The Duke of Edinburgh visits 
Caithness. Scotland, arrives 
Wick airpon._IO.30. 

The Prince of Wales visits the 
Crown Prince slipway. Scallo- 
way, Shetland. 9.20; and later, 
accompanied by the Princess of 
Wales. name a new RNL1 
lifeboat at Aith. Shetland. 10.20. 

The Princess of Wales visits 
thcChurch of Scot land Eventide 
Home. Scallowav. Shetland. 

Princess Anne reviews the 
2:>ih annual ceremonial parade. 
Rvion Police Training Centre. 

Rylon-on-Dunsmorc. Coven- 
try. 10.30. 

Princess Margaret visits the 
MF1 National Distribution Cen- 
tre to open the new extension. 
Brackmills Industrial Estate. 
Northampton. 1130/ 7 ' 
Last chance lb see 
Paintings by Michael Fla- 
herty:4n celebration of the 50's: 
paintings by Geoffrey Key and 
John- Kimpton; The Ginnel 
Gallery. 16 Uoyd St. Manches- 
ter. 9.30 to 5.30. 

A Portrait of Comedy; Open 
Eye Gallery. 90-92 Whitechapel 
Liverpool. 10 to 5.30. 

Concert by Muska Donum 
Dei: St Peter & St Paul Sturton 
Ic Steeple. Notts. 7.15.- 
King's Lynn Festival: Concert 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,107 

Shops quick to copy royal gown 


I Roughly appropriate greet- 
ing to sailor (6). 

4 Where to find the sea horse? 

. . IS*. 

10 Where to find a place Tor the 
old journalist (9). 

11 Hay like Huxley's is so 
fantastic (5). 

12 Elevation unfinished, build- 
ing useless; so what! (5-21 

13 Malayan fin duck (7). 

14 Helping to bag grouse can 
be stimng (5). - 

15 Assign? Decide at once, per- 
haps (S). 

18 Stone showing where roads 
out to New York cross (8). 

20 On a fifty-fifty combine re- 
turn is plain (5). 

■ 23 Strong man is Primate (7). 

25 in the pink got up and 
lucked in (7). 

26 Point a bow — one well off 

• the target? (5). 

27 G3uchcrie oF a king in- 
volved with bridge players 

28 In reality, to play a pan half 
of us join forces (8J. 

.29 Wine, woman and a tune 

.... initially (6). 


1 Gluttons lead the way in 
large capacity for drink (8). 

2 Put up with this dancing for 

. .. . making things livelier (T). 

3 Slogan for butter-fingers (9). 

5 Oxford reverses order about 
daft Tom, the schoolboy art- 
ist (4.5,5). 

6 Classic opening stand? (5). 

7 Dismissed by a throw in 
Coventry? (7). 

8 Create a secret passage (6). 

9 Highly placed un- 
compromising biographer 

16 The Spanish in Castile 1 
somehow divine the out- 
come here (9). ■ - • 

17 Bath not now included in 
this London House (8). 

19 A kind of burglar about to 
steal from an entertainer (7). 

21 One of the members of a 
Rugby Union team (7). 

22 Business fixed in minutes 


24 Sign of pany big guns (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,106 

Copies of the bridal gown on show at Dickins and Jones (left) and Pronuptia in London yesterday. 

Within, mo hours of (he first sight of 
that now famous wedding dress on 
Wednesday, one London bridal store 
was offering for sale copies of the 
Undka Cierach creation (Angella John- 
son writes). 

At £500 for the polyester satin 
imitation, Berkertex in Bond Street said 
their gown was enough to tun any 
commoner into a princess. 

The then Miss Sarah Ferguson had 
said “there , will .never, be a dress to 
match it". Bat a designer, cotter. and 
team of fire machinists were tucked 
away in the store's head ofiicein London 
to show that they coaid create the fastest 
copy-of that magnificent gown. 

The very first dress was cut and 
stitched by the time the new Duke and 

Duchess of York made their balcony 
appearance at Buckingham Palace 
about 230 pm. It was auctioned for 
charity by 530 pm that day, bringing 
£ 1 , 100 . 

Two other look-a-tike dresses were 
sent for display at shops in Manchester 
and Leeds. 

Pronuptia. another weD known bridal 
wear store in Hanover Street, 
London, had its royal wedding dress 
copy on sale at 330 pm the same day. A 
spokesman said they had a stream of 
custoraerstiocking to see it and orders 
had already been taken from Arab and 
African conn tries. 

A £1300 Berkertex imitation of the 
dress was displayed prominently in the 
shop window at P icking and Jones in 

Regent Street late yesterday. 

The model drew huge crowds as 
people clamoured for a closer inspection 

lire Royal wedding cost the taxpayer 
an ■ estimated £113,000, the. Prime 
Minister disclosed in a Commons 
written reply yesterday. 

• Rag trade copies of the royal wedding 
dress may catch publicity — but they will 
never capture the magic of the rad thing 
(Snzy Menkes writes). 

The Duchess of York's dress was 
based on sumptuous fabric, perfect fit 
and hand-beaded embroidery. Cheap 
.versions of die lustrous silk satin will 
not hang or drape in the same way, 
especially for the bow at the bade. The 
fabric had to be made specially in Italy 
to get the right effect 


-This puzzle iias solved within 30 minutes fry OS per cent of the 
competitors in the 1986 Bristol regional final of the Collins 
Dictionaries Times Crossword Championship. ' 

Concise Crossword page 10 J 

by the Bacb Choir and the 
English Chamber Orchestra; St 
Nicholas' Chapel King's Lynn, 

Concert by the Cambridge 
University Brass Ensemble: 
Knoyle Paridi ' Church, Wilts. 

7.30 - 

Recital by Philip Challis (pi- 
ano). Michael Hart (organ) and 
Raymond Pijeott (violin); Il- 
fracombe Parish Church. 8. 

Organ recital by John Belcher 
Tewkesbury Abbey. 1. 

Concert by the Band of the 
Royal Engineers; seafront. Re- 
doubt Fortress. Eastbourne. 8. 

Recital by Virginia Rushion 
(soprano) and David Rowland 
(harp): Christ's College. Cam- 
bridge. 1.1 0 

Concert by the City of Leeds 
Youth Orchestra; Rlpoo Cathe- 
dral. 7.45. 

Concert by International Phil- 
harmonic; Danccourt Grammar 
School. Broads fairs. 7.30. 

Oundle International Organ 
Week: Organ recital by Albert 
Richcnhagen; Oundle School 
Chapel. 1. 10: Concert by the 
Gabrieli String Quartet and 
Martin Haselbock (organ); 
Fotheringhay Church, Nortb- 
atits, 7.45, 

Recital by the Choir or King's 
School. Rochester, St Michael- 
Ic-Bdfrey. York. 7.30. 


Book Market: North gate Hall, 
St MichacTs'St. Oxford. 10 to 5. 

Marvellous Minerals: study of 
mineral collection, quiz and 
model making for 8-14 year 
olds: City Museum and An 
Gallerv. Foregate St Worcester. 

10.30 io 12- 

Festival of Country Crafts 
and Music displays and work- 
ing demonstrations; Ilfracombe 
Parish Church: today, tomorrow 
and Sun 10 to 7. 


Births: Thomas Eakins. pain- 
ter. Philadelphia. 1844: Arthur 
James Balfour, 1st Earl of 
Balfour. Prime Minister. 1902- 
03. Whiuingehame. Lothian. 

Deaths: Samuel Taylor Cole- 
ridge. London. 1834; Charles 
Macintosh, inventor of the 
waterproof garment, Glasgow. 
1843: Henry May hew. sociolo- 
gist and cofounder of Punch. 
London. 1887; Engelbert Don- 
fuss. Chancellor of Austria. 
1932-34. assassinated. Vienna. 
1934: Louis St Laurent, prime 
minister of Canada. 1948-57. 
Quebec, 1973. 

Louis Bleriot made the first 
aeroplane crossing of the Chan- 
nel - in 36 minutes - 1909. 

Food prices 

There is ah excellent selection 
of both home grown and im- 
ported fruit in the shops this 
week. Among the most tempting 
are English cherries at 60p-£1.00 
a lb. peaches and nectarines 10- 
30p each, strawberries £1.10- 
£1-20 a lb and raspberries 20- 
35p a quarter pound punneL 
The first redcurrants and 
blackcurrants are on the market. 
Another seasonal treat are broad 
beans at 30p-40p a lb although 
supplies and. quality will be 
better in a week or two. New 
potatoes l0-.12p a lb and Jersey 
Royals 12-1 5p. Courgettes 25- 
40p a lb and cauliflower 30-40p 
each. Round lettuce !5-25peach 
and Iceberg 50-65p. cucumbers 
35-4Sp each, radishes 25-35p a 
bunch, tomatoes 38-48 p a lb and 
watercress 25-35p a bunch. 

Fish prices show little change 
from last week, with cod among 
the best buys at around £1.74 a 
lb. plaice £1.82. coicy 91p and 
boned herring 84p a lb. 

Lamb prices, although slightly 
down in price, remain fairly 
expensive for the time of year. 
Whole leg at around £1.77, 
£1.04 for shoulder and £2. 16 for 
loin chops. 

Dewhurst has holiday grill 
packs including beefburgers and 
sausages, at £1.99. Presto have 
reduced lamb prices to 88p a lb 
for shoulder. £1.72 for leg and 
£1.88 for chops. 

Other good buys include: Fine 
Fare; braising steak £1.59 a lb; 
Bejam: lamb chump chops 
down 3Sp a lb to £1.19 and 
rump steak down to £1.99; 
Tesco: chilled whole roast 
chicken £1.09 a lb Sainsbnry: 
beef top side £1.88 a lb and pone 
loin chops £1.18: 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 1.40pm and 2pm. 

Top Films 

l ( ;l 

The top box-office films in Lon- 
don: . 

Hannah and her Sisters 
Pol jce A cademy 3: Back in 
The Colour 
A Room with a 

9% Weeks 
After Hours 
Out of Africa 

top Wms in the provi n c es: 
Pofice Academy 3: Back In 

The Colour Purple 
Down and Out n Beveriy HUs 
Enemy Mine 











Smtod or Soem MwmmI 

Top video rentals 

1 (2) TheGoonJes 
2(1 ) Cocoon 
3 (4 ) Weird Science 
4(5) Troll 

5(3] Med Max: Beyond Thunder- 
The Emerald Forest 
9t Elmo's Ftre 
Supplied by 


Walas and the WOTtM* Onty one tens 
open on both camageays between p mo- 
tion 44 (A48 Swansea East) and 45 
(A4067 Swansea). A30: One lane dosed In 
each direction on the Bodmin bypass. AS: 
Roadworks at Betheeda and Capei Cwig. 
between Bangor and Setws-y-cood. 

The North: MSI: Inside lane doures at 
junction MSI /MS on N and southbound 
carnageways. A1: Contraflow at Bal- 
darsby nr Ripon. MIS: Contraflow be- 
tween Junction 6 and 7 (Seftw/MB2 
Interchange): • southbound e»t sfcproad 
closed at junction 6: northbound access 8L 
dosed at Junction 6 

Scoflari±A74/M74: Two way tralflc 
northbOvmd. N of Lesmahagow north- 
bound. M9: Northbound ramageway 
closed between junction 9 and .10 (Stir- 
Iwo way traffic southbound. 4729: 


awad if possfcte. 

major delays; 



A depression near N Scotland 
will more E towards Scandina- 
via. A cold front from York- 
shire to Sooth Wales will move 
slowly SE to be near the Kent 
coast by midnight. 

6 am to midnight 

London. SE E n^and. East Anglo, 
Channel M o n d r Rather cloudy, perhaps 
a StBe rtlzzto m places, mots para b io n t 
rain for a time tarar wind SW. moderate: 
max tamp 20C<68F)- 
Cortral S, SW England, S Wades: 
Cloudy wah rate or drizzle and hU end 
coastal tog. becomtog brighter from the N: 
wind SW moderate or trash, becomng W, 
moderate, max temp ax; (68F). 

MWands. E eanM N Engtamf: Cloudy 
with ran or drizzle, bec om ing brighter 
from the N: wind SW. fight or moderate: 
max tamp 20 c (68R. 

N Wales, NW, NE EngUrnd: Brtriit or 
sunny intervals after early rain: wmd W 
fight or moderate; max tengrWcy&tf). 

Ixk* Doafct Isle of 

dee, Abe r de e n . SW, NE, 
Glasgow, Central rtgh- 

fande, Moray Rrtu Ami. Non 
I rel and : Sunny or dear mbavate and 
scattered showars: wind W moderate or 
bed), becomng fight max tamp 18 C 

(6*F). _ 

Ram early, becom- 

Ortmaf. Shetland: Ram eartv. 
ing briditar but showery: wmd variable. 
maWyE moderate, becoming N light max 
temp 14C(57F). 

Ou8ook tar tomorrow and 

Mostly cloudy wrth rain at times, heavy in 
places, with Ml and coastal tog. Also 
some brighter intervals, ft wU be windy. 
especafly in the S. with mostly near 
normal temperatures. 





Continued from page 1 

costed budget proposals for all 
its spending says:"As 
a rule, our plans will allow tor 
total expenditure on current 
services to grow broadly in 
line with the economy, al- 
though our priorities within 
the totals would be different 
from those of the present 

Ii adds: "Despite the deplor- 
able state of our society and 
economy, this document car- 
ries a message of hope. Tf 
Britain takes the Alliance 
approach of reform and regen- 
eration, our country can and 
will surmount the challenges 
of the new age to become the 
lair and prosperous nation it 
should be. That is the belief 
which sustains us in our attack 
on the citadels of conserva- 
tism and socialism.” 

The document calls for one 
independent pay review board 
for all public sector workers 
and an inflation' tax as a 
means of controlling wage 
rises. It shows more enthusi- 
asm for profit-sharing and 
emplovee share ownership 
than for a statutory incomes 
strategy, which had been fa- 
voured by the SDP. A gener- 
ous minimum wage is also 

It attempts to straddle the 
division on nuclear energy by 
asking for no ordering of 
Sizewell B or other new 
nuclear power stations, but 
continued research on fast 
breeder reactors. 

More home ownership -is 
urged, together with more 
house building. But it repeats 
the Alliance's support for a 
loss in mortgage tax relief for 
the high earners, without giv- 
ing figures. 

Mr Norman Tebbit, chair- 
man of the Conservative Par- 
ty. attacked the document 
yesterday as "a muddled mix- 
ture of fiddle and fudge”. 

He said.'“This document 
conclusively shows that the 
Alliance are hopelessly con- 
fused about the path they want 
Britain to tread. Never have 
so many words been expended 
to convey so little meaning, 
nor so much ingenuity used to 
conceal such stale policies.” 
Partnership for Progress. SDP. 4 
Cowley Street. London SH I. 
£ 2 . 00 . . . . 

new victim' 

By Mark EHis 

A murderer and sex fiend Is 
feared to have claimed his 
eighth victim in . London as. 
police revealed yesterday that 
a woman aged 80 had bees 
found strangled in bed." 

The killing had the hall- 
marks of seven others and one 
attempted murder which have 
occurred in London In the last 
four months, hot detectives 
last night were no closer to 
discovering a motive or t racin g 
the kilter, nicknamed the 
“Stockwell Strangler”. 

With only a day' separating 
the latest murders. Detective 
Chief Superintendent Kenneth 
Thompson, of Scotland Yard's 
Serious Crime Branch, said 
vesterday: “The dream- 
stances suggest it is a good 
probability it has been com- 
mitted by the same man.” 

The latest victim, Mrs Flor- 
ence TisdalL was a widow who 
lived alone in a private ground 
floor flat in Ranelagfa Garden 
Mansions, near Pntney 
Bridge, south-west London, 
was last seen alive at 530pm 
on Wednesday. 

At about 9pm a caretaker 
visited Mrs TisdalL who 
walked with the aid of a frame, 
to help her feed her three cats, 
but found her dead in bed. It isi : 
believed the killer entered ', 
through a window which was 
left open for the cats. She bad ~ 
been strangled, but there was 
no evidence of sexual assault' ' 

Mr Thompson said that 
extra police patrols are on 
duty in the south London area 
where most of the attacks have ' 

The victims, who were aH 
old. were attacked In their 
homes with no sign of forced- 
entry. In all except one case 
they were strangled by hand 
and in five of the attacks 
sexual assault took place. 

The only dues to the killer^ 
identity are based on descrip- 
tions from a man aged 73 who ' 
survived a strangling attack, 
and on sightings of a man in 
the grounds of an oM peopled 
home where two of the victims 

He is described as white, 
aged 28 to 30, five feet eight 
inches tall with dark short- 
hair, possibly cropped on top, 
a tanned or reddened face and. 
wearing dark dothes. 

NOON TODAY ftarauraia 

tiil -t.~ 
Uwwtrin nOffibon FRONTS W«ttT CoM OccCEd 

High Tides 

tiMue sky: be -trine sky and cloud: c- 
cloutfy: o -overcast: r-foq: d-drtzzle: h- 
tixll: rrrtst-mLsl: r rain: s snow, tti- 
Uionderstonn: p-riiowers. 

Arrows shew wind dlrrcUoru wind 
sperd impti) circled. Temperature 


London Bridge 526 

Aberdeen 4.34 

Avomnoatb 10.56 

Betfut 2.17 

Cardiff 10.41 

Devanpart 9.48 

Dover. 227 

Falmouth 9.18 

Glasgow 4.05 

HMvrtdt 322 

nsr" ts 

M to coratio 9.42 

Uith 6.00 

Liverpool 234 

Low estof t i.03 

Margate 3.42 

MMordHavan 9.53 

Wawq ua y 845 

Oban 9.15 

Penzance 854 

Port land 10.41 

Portsmouth Zai 

Shoraham 232 

Southampton 2.10 

Swansea 10.00 


WTton-on-Hzo 3.12 

Tide measured in 


73 5.37 7.1- 
43 531 43 

123 11.13 127 

3.7 254 3 2 

113 10.58 113 

5.1 9.58 63 

8.4 240 
4.9 938 
5.1 439 

4.0 3.36 

5.7 207 
7.6 1034 

28 10.03 

53 6.39 

9.5 259 -83 
23 1248 28 

4.8 3.44 
63 10.12 
a7 905 
.33 938 
52 9.05 

2.0 1032 
43 331 

6.1 3.06 
43 247 

29 1031 

54 7.46 

4.2 330 





















matra* 1m=3280Wt 

■ 1037 am 

Last quarter: Mi 28 

1132 pm 

Around Britain 

Lighting-op tim e- 

The pound 

Austria Scti 
Denmark Kr 
F Man dMfcfc 
France Ft 
G ermany Dm 
QraseaDr ’ 
inland Pt 
Italy Lira 
Japan Ten 
Netherlands (3d 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Sac 
Sooth Africa M 
Spain Pta 
Switzerland Ft 

Yugoslavia Dor 














































Bates tar smafl denom uPon b** notes 
only 35 stapled uy Barclays Bank PLC. 

Rami Pries ta<fr* 3853 

London: The FT Index ctoud down 22.8 
at 12642 

Tin» Portfolio Gold rules are as 


X Times Portfolio K free Purchase 
of Ttw Times Is not a condition of 
laWlnq pari. 

2 Times portfolio usi comprises a 
group of public companies whose 
■Jiarm are listed or» me Stock 
EJirtiami' and Quoted In The Times 
Stock Exchange- prices pace* The 

eompairin comprising dial IM will 
changr (rom dav to dav The ILsi 
i whim ts iiumiMcd 1 - *«» is distort 
Into lour randomly distributed groups 
of ti shares z\rry Portfolio card 
contains two numt^rs from each 
group and *MCn card contains a 
unaaue set at numbers. , 

5 Times oor It otto ’dividend' will be 
Ihe figure in oence which re p r e sent* 
l he oDiirmun mmrmmi in pritrs il.c. 
the largest increase or lowest loss) of a 
romtnnalKTd of riqni rtwo from cacti 
randomly disinbutedvauB within I he 
44 sharcsl of the 44 snares which on 
any one day comprise The Times 
Portfolio list. 

4 The daily dKMend will be 
announced each day and Use uieevty 
dividend will tic announced cacn 
Saturday in Ttw Times. 

5 Times Portfolio Hst and details of 
the daily or weekly dliKtend will also 
be available for Inspection 41 the 
omen of The Times. 

b If the m era 1 1 price movement of 
more than one comUnatton of sham 
eauats the dividend, me, prize will be 
ea uaiiy divided among the claimants 
holding rttoee conUMnattoss of shares. 

7 All claims are svMfCt to scrutiny 
before payment Any Times Portfolio 
card that is defaced, tampered with or 
incorrecily printed In any way wtu be 
deciarrd void. 

S Emptovres of News Internationa) 
ole and us subsidiarua and or 
Euraprtm Group Limited 1 producers 
and distributors Of. die card! or 
members of Uietr immediate (Similes 
are not allowed to play Tunes 

9 All part drums will be subtec] 10 
these Rules All Instrucllorts on “how 
io play - and "how to claim" whether 
published in The Times Of in Times 
PorlloUo cards will be d e e me d to be 
part of these Rules. The Editor 
reserves the right to amend the Rules 

10 in any dispute. The Editor's 
demon ts final and no corrasooo- 
deuce wtil be entered into. 

It If for any reason The Times 

Pr lees Page h not ouonshed in the 
normal way Times Portfolio wUI be 
suspended (or Uiai day. 

_ Hew to play - Dady PfiiM—i 
■ On each day War unique vet of eight 
numbers wfll repre sen t commercial 
and IrtoostnaT share* -pabitshed in The 
Tunes Portfolio ltd wwch 1 will appear 
on the Stock Ex ch ange Prices page. 

In the columns provided next 10 
your Shares note the mice change ** 
or -L in pence, as published m mat 
day's Times. 

After listing Ilia prtcr changes of 
your.eight sham for that day. add up 
an right share changes to give you 
your overall uxai plus or rrunusi+or- 


_Check your ov erall total against The 
Times Portfolio dividend puESshed on 
Uir Stock Exchange Prices page. 

If your overall total matches The 
Times Portfolio dividend you have 
won outright or a share of the total 
prize money slated for uni day and 
must claim your prize as. instructed 

Hon to ptty — Weakly OMdend 

Monday -Saturday record your daUy 
Portfolio total. 

Add- these iwtiw to determine 
your weekly portfolio total. 

If .your total matches the punished 
vdrTMf ngiar you have won 

weekly dlv 

- — j-it or a Share of the pr ize money 
staled for that week, and mint claim 
your prop as Instructed below. 

Haw to claim 

Telephone The Thnes PertSotto rfediii 
tine >284-53273 tirif te t MttBto art 

ass. MjLfir EXLST** tmal 

WhWM* IM TshP** rOfllwfl 

No ' • - - - 

rife EHvfdeod. 
o at xto e mete 

You must have your card wtui you 
when you telephone. 

W you are unable to tetephooe 
■someone else can claim on your behalf 
Wit they must have your card and rail 
The Times Portfolio claims lino 
between the stipulated Urnc*. 

No responsibility can be accepted 
for failure 10 contact the claims of nee 
tor any reason within the staled 

.The above insiruruoos are ap- 
plkabtc lo both dally and weekly 
dividend claims. 

London 230 pm to 4.45 am 
Bristol 939 pm to 435 am 
EdHxagti 10.04 pm to 435 am 
“ "it 9.47 pm to 4.44 am 

948 pm to 5.72 am 


Temperatures at midday y es teftf ay: c. 
cloud; 1. (ter; r. rain; s. sun. 

CF . 
r 1355 Guernsey 
3 W 06 taveraeM 
f 1661 Jersey 
f 7966 London 

s 2068 crnctaster 

f 1664 Newcsstta 
r 1457 

Sun Rain 
hra ■) 

Scarboro 63 22 

Brn M uHte n 4.8 30 

Cromer 13 .15 

Lowestoft 53 31 

Clacton 5.1 

Southend 53 38 



- .11 




C F 
f 1559 
5 1763 
S 1966 
r 1355 

Motoring Sooth-west 

Motorists beading to a from 
the South-west ihis summer can 
now tune into ’Holiday Route 
South West* for the latest traffic 

' BBC Local Radios BristoL 
Devon and Cornwall, with the 
help of the Avon Sc Somerset, 
Devon & Cornwall police and 
the motoring organisations, will 
be providing traffic reports in 
broadcasts immediately after 
the hourly news on Fridays from 
4 pm to 7 pm-and on Saturdays 
from 7 am hourly to 5 pm. 
Leaflets giving frequencies are 
available from BBC Local Ra- 
dio stations. 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.301: Summer 
adjournment debates. 

lAjrfs (11.00): Finance Bifl. 
all stages; ' 


, .Printed by London Pos rpn/it- 

-crsJ _ Unwed or 1 virgnua Strret, 
Logd CT_El 9XIS Friday. Julias: 

SFroZFBRg 1 * a « 


laiwg* • - .08 

Itaatboum* 72 
BrigWon 63 
Woftetag 82 31 
Ldtriaapbi 7.8 
BognorR g.7 Q2 

SotahPM 72 .19 
Sandown 6.8 

Shan Ute 83 .02 

Boumenor 11.7 
POOta 10.7 

Swoapg. . iao . 

We ym outh 103 - 

Exmooth 63 
Trignmouth 72 

Aa - 

FaUooutb 52 
Fonzmee 3.6 
Scteytstea 28 - 

^rs«y 114 

SSTSW 0 - 4 - 

»««lU8y 5.1 

C F 

<6 81 showars 
15 59 showers 
15 59 Cloudy 
18 64 awwSrs 

17 63 sumy 

' • thunder 

18 64 showers 


Sun Rain 
hrs In 1 
63 - 

ao 33 
33 28 
62 27 

19 66 
19 66 

18 64 

<1 ii 

19 66 
19 58 

17 63 
19 66 
19 66 
19 66 
19 66 
17 63 
17 63 
17 63 
17 63 
17 63 

17 63 

18 64 






73 .15 














- 1 

Briatol(Ctri) 82 23 
Cwfate 44 .09 
London 73 
Mmtwster 43 .19 

ycP-fi-Tyn, B 2 26 

Nottmtftem 5.1 28 

103 XiA - 
IV, 31 

A berd ee n 63 .ts 

5.0 M 

^AdMom utr 9.7 21 
goronw 9.1 
! ?**** S.1 .15 

Jfnrick 128 - 

PnStmdk 122 .Ql 

Stontmy 73 34 

82 .17 

Btttate 52 20 

s figures 

C F 

15 59 sunny 

16 61 showers 
15 59 sho w d rs 

15 59 sunny 

17 S3 showers’ 

18 64 hai 

16 61 teunder . 

18 64 showers 
15 show er s 
15 59 showers 

15 59 thunder 

16 61 showers 

19 .66 sunny — 

16 61 sunny 

17 S3 sunny 

16 61 
16 61 
15 59 
19 66 

15 59 

14 57 

16 61 

15 59 
15 59 
14 57 








s h owe r s 


16 61 showers 


doud: d. drizzle: f, tter: Jg. fag; r. rain: s. sun; *n. 
C c « . 

C F 
b 29 84 
s 31 88 
s 31 88 
r 9 48 












C F C F 

n 9 ft no • 15 59 Majorca 

i|gsr 'sgftsiF 

* ?§ S P*te . o 15 59 lath'im 

* * 60 Faro s 23 73 itani* 

. Florence 

* S 84 Frankfurt 

* 29 84 Geneve 
B 31 88 Gfcnflsr 
c 15 59 Heteinu 

ttim tz 

Ik irt sn rt 


f 11 52 itodrid 

s 29 84 

= wSrek 
J » 70 tstHteuf 
3 If §1 Jeddah 

>a *ssr 

s 36 

„ . v room 
* 33 91 Lisbon 
C U 59 Locarno 

30 seiluhte 
1 J! 63 Montreaf* 

* 22 72 Moscow 

J 64 Mmricfi 

s 27 81 Nabobi 
< 21 70 Naphta 
S 30 flSNMN 


8 31 88 Kce 
8 43108 Oslo 

J 33 M Potong 

* 22 7a 

I 24 75 

C 23 a »”««taa 

xsz* »sS& 

\ 33 91 
f 27 81 
9 25 77 
c 23 73 
r ,0 50 
1 23 73 
S 30 86 
t 31 88 

9 31 88 
* 33 91 
C 20 68 
I 19 66 
s 29 84 
3 13 65 
C IS 59 
c 9 48 

s 30 88 

( 19 66 
» 44111 





s',?% • 

ne "' TfcS 

. ',>3 V ' 

■ Executive Editor 

■ ."''I? nW Kenneth Fleet •, 

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N iSM (Datastream) 

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S n&'Doirir '■■ 

J1.4925 (+0.0020) 

h 1 ? 1 -W Gentian mark 

3.1872 (+0.0035) 


.£< .72.8 (-0.1) 

*S" Extel vote 
^ defeat 

ctr^ Extel the news and infor- 

, *■ r cxict, uie news anu iuiui- 

‘•Nla,, rriation group, foiled in. a 
' ; ii. . f ' J ranine - move to obtain. 

, ; ;' L ' : 1 -u-.c in r d . shareholders’ approval to is- 

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,Jl 'nvatudjJ 

sue new xhares at yesterday's 
apnual meeting when nomi- 
nees representing a 13 per cent 
sake bdd by Mr Robert 
Maxwell ihe publisher, voted 
a^inst the proposal 

Earlier this year Extel 
fdught off a £170 million ! 
takeover -bid- from the 
Dbraeiger Corporation which 
whs hemg supported by Mr 
Maxwell. An Extel director 
said last night: “We were 
seeking approval for a stan- 
dard^ resolution. Mr Maxwell's 
tqptrcs were not unexpected 
b$t they are frustratn^ and 
surted ax stopping a company 
getting on with its work.” 

^During the nteetmg, Mr 
A&n Brooker, chairman, said 
that Extd's first quarter re- 
sets, had been well up to 
e^piedations- and that talks 
were still taking place with the 
Racecourse Association con- 
cerning a daily televised rac- ; 
iijg service fqr ; betting shops. 

Ash up 

.'Automated Security Hold-, 
mgs reported interim pretax 
profits of £4J million in the 
six months to May 31, com- 
pared with £3.17 million in 
thejrfevfous year, on turover 
ofT24.65 million against £16 
million. The.interim dividend 
was raised 20 per cent to 
066p. ; - 

V Tempas* Mffe Iff 

jRio Tmto^jnc" 1 yqstenfay 
announced that it bad post - 1 
ported the dosure ofits Wheal 
Jane and South Grdfty tin 
mines in Cbritwalk Until Au- 
gust 18 during negotiations for 
government - financial 

Associated Newspapers 
Group pk^pu Wishers of die j 

Daily Mail *s»d Mail o h 
Sunday, has changed its name 
to Mail Newspapers pic to 
etiaw ate conh^oorith its 
parent company. Associated - 
Newspaper Holdings pic. 

Spending rises 

- Consumer spending rose by 
0.5 per cent in the second 
quarter and was 32 per cent 
up on the corresponding peri- 
od of 1985. Spending, in 1980 
prices, was £38.5 billion, com- 
pared with £38.3 billion in the 

Hist quarter. 

Loss at Saga 

- Saga Holidays, the over-55s 
package holiday specialist 
made a first-half pretax loss of 
£1.831 million, on a turnover 
up by 117 per cent in its 
British division and up 37 per 
cent in the United States. U 
expected a “significant" foil- 
year reduction in overall 
group profits. The interim 
dividend is 1.6p. 

Tempos jg FordmExch 19 
Cmpny Traded Opts 19 

News 1^22 MwgM*»2 
i Unit Trusts 29 

Wnil Street 18 Commodities 20 
Omnnent 19 USM Prices 20 
Stock Market 19 Share Pres 21 



FRIDAY JULY 25 1986 

Unimar man 

£248 million 

By Edward TownsemUndnsiria] Correspondent 

The Lloyd’s insurants mar- 
ket responded swiftly yester- 
day to publication of die. 
Department of Trade and 
Industry's report on the 
Unimar aflair. 

Its . administrative suspen- 
sion committee met and sus- 
pended . Mr David 
<f Ant brume nil. managing di- 
rector of the -Lloyd's broker, 
Besso &. :■ Company. - from 
working in the the market, for- 
six months for his part m the 
Unimar aflair. The suspen- 
sion can be extended 

Mr - d’AmbrumenS was 
found to have acted dishonest- 
ly and to be in serious breach 
of bis duty as a broker. Mr 
d’Ambrumenfl replied in a 
statement through -his solici- 
tors that he was amazed at the 
findings ofthe DTJ inspectors' 
which he believed were “en- 
tirely inconsistent with foe 
evidence." ' 

- He denied any dishOMSty 
and-'said that two- previous 

By Alison Eadie . 

inquiries into Unimar. one 
conducted by foe former 
Uoyd's chairman. Sir Peter 
Greenland one by Mr'Simon: 
Tuckey QC, had cleared him 
of allegations of dishonesty. 

. . The report, which is an 
interim one into the larger 
PCW scandal at Uoyd’vmade. ' 
serious criticisms of Sir Peter's 
personal inquiry into the 
Unimar affair. Although Sir 
Peter was cleared of a “cover- 
up". his conclusion that there 
was.-nQ dishonesty by anyone/ 
connected with the affair was 
fouiid to be wrong. 

The report says that Sir 
Peter "failed to recognize foe 
importance of matters to 
which we have drawn atten- - 
tion. If Sir Peter's conclusions . 
had drawn attention to those 
matters, the committee of 
Lloyd's would have been 
obliged to consider instituting 
a more formal investigation - 
by .a Rota Committee." • _ ' » 

"Sir-pwct^ said yesterday: 

ICT profit recovery 
fails to impress 

_ ' By Grahame Searjeant, Financial Editor 

Id's profits . recovered |- 
strongly in foe second quarter h 
of foe year to £268 million J 
pretax against £204 million in “ 
theprevTous cmarter, whenthe 
first impact of lower oil prices 
was felt, mid a poor second 
half to 1985. ■ - 

But profits for the first half 
at £472 million were still 6 per 
cent down on foe same period 
last year and Id shares fell 
20p to 982p on a gloomy day 
at the Stock Exchange. 

_ _ ICTsays.foat its markets are 
still flat and it cannot see any 
sign pf an economic upturn. 

^Tfo.qjost.d^veloped ebun- 
tnes foeie Jias been- little y 
grSy&t iirindustriaf activ^ 

• over foe-past -T2 months and Sir. John ; .JfamysJones: 

• foe widely expected surge m ; Waiting for ^icg boost . " 
economic foowth as a result of were also down, but most of 
the sharp foil in oil prices hhs the chemical business and 
yet to appear," the British pharmaceuticals improved. . 
multinational said in a stale- Emphasizing the pessimism 
ment to the Stock Exchange, over the economy voiced by 
“TheOveralHevel of output in its chainnan. Sir John Har- 
the chemical -industry has vey-Jones,-in his annual state- 
tended to mirror the generally mem - to- - shareholders^ the 
flat industrial performance.” ' company says the outlook for 
_ - Id's oil interests have 6 odt the rest offoey^r depends on 
tinued to suffer, contributing foe extent to which the expect- 
onty £25TnilHon hrpetroleum ed boost to world economic 
revenue tax against £78 mil- growth from the lower cost of 
lion in the first six months of crude oil actually occurs, as 
the year and still recording a well as on future currency 
profit fell from £37 million to movements. 

£5 million. Fertilizer markets Tempos, page 18 

“The inspectors suggested I 
made some errors of judge- 1 
mem and, with the benefit of 
hindsight, these comments 
may be justifiable. Bearing; m 
- mind the lack of information 
available and the workload 
then feeing the chairs and 
committee of Lloyd's. 1 be- 
lieve the actions taken were , 
reasonable in the context of j 
the rircumstances." - 

The report also criticizes Mr | 
John Nash, a non-executive . 
. director of SG Warburg, the 
merchant bank. Mr Nash with | 
other members of his family ; 
was the beneficial owner of 
Unimar Panama, the compa- 
. ny receiving reinsurance pre- 
miums from the PCW 

: The DTI. inspectors found 
that : Mr Nash did not act 
dishonestly., but that his evi- 
dence. on some Blatters was 
1 untruthful. ' 

' Sir Peter criticized, page 22 

State tank 
works sold 
for £llm 

By Teresa Poole 

■ Mr George Younger, the 
Defence Secretary, confirmed 
yesterday that -Royal Ord- 
nance; foe state- aims manu- 
Jacturer, is to sell its Leeds 
tank fectory-to -Vickers, the 
industrial group. 

Vickers is paying around 
£11 million and as part of the 
agreement, which is yet to be 
finalized, it will build a major 
new facility at the site. 

Mr Younger, in a statement 
to Parliament also confirmed 
that the order- -for a ' 7xb 
R egimc nt -of Challenger-tanks 
had been placed with Vickerc 
and that foe tanks -would be 
manufactured at Leeds. 

The value- of the order, 
thought to-be up to £100 
million, represented ah im- 
provement on the terms of- 
fered by Royal Ordnance, he 
added. . 

Mr Younger said that it 
remained .foe Government’s 
firm preference to sell foe rest 
of Royal Ordnance as a whole. 

Last month, the Ministry of 
Defence halted foe public 
flotation of Royal Ordnance 
because- foe company -was 
thought not to be ready. 

Vickers owns the only other 
British manufacturer of main 
battle tanks, at its modem 
factory on Tyneside. 

«*&v . . 

V ; * .. 

Chairman Philip Hares with a model of a ship which is 
spearheading Britain's high-technology strategy 

By Derek Harris and Teresa Poole 

Ley land Bus, the loss-mak- 
ing subsidiary of Rover 
Group, is -being sold to a 
consortium of its own manag- 
ers backed by a number of 


This Government an- 
nouncement yesterday- also 
confirmed ihe sale of a 75 per. 
-cent stake in-Unipart, Rover’s 
spare parts subsidiary, in a 
management-led buy-out in- 
volving a group of institutions 
led by Charterhouse Bank. 
This will raise up to £50 
million for Rover. 

JTwo others had been in foe 
running "to buy LeylamTBus. 
One was its close competitor. 
MetnvCanunett- -Weymamtr 
part ofthe Laird Group and 
the other was Aveling Barford. 
the construction -equipment 
makers. : - : ■ . • 

The bus management con- 
sortium, is led by Mr Jan 
McKinnon, the 39-year-old 
Ley land Bus managing dire(> 
tor. Other director members 
are Mr Eric Turner {finance), 
Mr Jim McKnight (product 
development), Mr - George 
Newbum (manufacturing op- 
erations) and Mr John 
Kitufe&r ^services). 

• Ley land Bus employs 2,700. 
people- in Britain. 1,600 of 
which are production and 
headquarters staff at Ley land, 
in Lancashire. At Workington, 
Cumbria, 400 workers ma k e 
chassis for. single and doub' 

deck buses together with rail 
vehicles. At Lowestoft there 
another 520 employed in 
building double deck bus bod- 
ies. The balance are at service 
depots and sales outlets. 

Leyland .Bus is Britain's 
. biggest supplier of buses and 
<»aches,wifo 35 per cent, of tire 

. The . management-led 
buyout at Unipart, will result 
in management and employ- 
ees owning up to 20 per cent of 
the company. There are also 
plans for a stock market 
flotation, but -probably not 
before 1988. ' - \ 

About 40 senior, executives, 
are subscribing for 10 per cent 
of the shares and are eligibletp 
receive a further 5. percent 
depending on Uniparfs future, 
performance. When the deal is- 
finalised, : further new shares 
will- be issued to enable the. 
4.200 employees to own S per 
cent of the company. 

The consortium, led by 
Charterhouse Bank, also in- 
cludes Electra - Investment 
Trust and Globe Investment; 
Trust whose stakes are yet to 
be finalised. The deal should 
be completed by foe end of 
September, when £30 million 
of thi purchase price will be 
paid. A further £5 million will 
be due at the time of flotation 
up to £15 million more if the 
company meets its profits 

The Government’s privati- 
zation programme suffered an 
embarrassing setback yester- 
day. with foe disclosure by 
state-owned British Ship^ 
builders foal the sale of foe 

country's once profitable war- 
ship yards- had resulted in a 
loss of£243 million. 

The sale of the six compa- 
nies between May 1985 and 
March this' year will bring in 
about £160 million, but foe 
selling prices were hit by the 
generally depressed market for 
new ships, UK defence spend- 
ing cuts and poor export 

Opponents of privatization 
are certain to seize on the 
apparent failure of what was 
heralded' as brie of foe more 
successful sales of state assets 
to the private sector. 

.The deficit on warship yard 
sales has boosted the overall 
book losses suffered by BS in 
1985-86 to £430 million from 
a trading loss of £137 million 
plus restructuring and redun- 
dancy costs of £46 million. 

Under its previous chair- 
man, Mr Graham Day. now 
chairman of Rover Group, BS 
was charged by the Govern- 
ment .wifo. .disposing ..of .ils . 
entire warship interests, previ- 
ously foe only profitabfc-part- 
of the organization apd com- 
prising. Brooke Marine, Yar-_ 
row . Shipbuilders, Vosper 
Thornycroft, Swan Hunter, 
Hall Russell and Vickers Ship- 
building and Engineering 

Mr Philip Hares, the new 
chairman, said in foe annual 
report “Although most of the 
warship subsidiaries have 
been profitable for a number 
of years they ware, at privati- 
zation, facing h 'downturn in 
their future projects resulting 
in reduced profits and in some - 
cases losses. In recent times,. 1 
the Ministry , of Defence in its 
approach to defence procure- 
ment has been more vigorous- 
ly pursuing its policy of 
competition in order to re- 
duce, substantially, the price it 
pays- for- its - warships;- in 
addition it has significantly 
reduced its level of ordering 

: "Furthermore, export de- 
- tpand for. warships has fallen: 
ofF- considerably fo . recent, 
years with consequent effects 
on selling prices df Vessels’^ 
The . £248 million loSs on foe 

sale, said Mr Hares, represent- 
ed "the market’s view of their 
future prospects and foe con- 
sequent reduction in the woric 
of foe fixed assets below their 
book value," . 

However, against the loss 
had to be set reduced profits of 
foe yards'and certain unavoid- 
able costs including losses, 
substantial redundancies and 
other costs including the com- 
pletion of the Trident subma- 
rine yard at Vickers. 

The BS trading loss of £137 
million is double that of 1984- 
85 and reflects the collapse of 
the international market for 
newmerehant ships. Although 
the corporation has recently 
announced substantial orders 
the latest for 24 ferries from 
Denmark, worth £90 million 
Mr Hares said the planned 
3.500 cuts in jobs would 

The trading loss includes 
£41 million to cover the cost 
of underused shipbuilding ca- 
pacity following a big rrauo 
tiori in demand last year, and a 
£43 million hedge against 
possible default by customers. 

.Minus these additions. BS 
losses of £87 million for 85-86 
are .expected to remain above 
£50 million in- the current 
year. But said Mr Hares the 
corporation could, not look 
forward to breaking even until 
it was free of slate subsidy. - 

The BS figures follow publi- 
cation. of new European. Com- 
mission guidelines on 
shipbuilding subsidies which 
over the next five years it says 
should compensate for the 
difference m price between 
EEC yards.and Korea 
apd Japan. ; 

Britain's own shipbuilding 
intervention fund, designed 
for the same purpose, has 
resulted in credits to BS of 
nearly £100 million in the last 
five years. Fund assistance last 
year totalled only £6 million 
against £22 million in 1984- 


Mr Hares yesterday present- 
e d a pictu re of a streamlined 
and smaller nationalised ship- 
building industry, now em- 
ploying -J 0,000 workers 
against 4! ;000~a-year ago hut 
still bedevilled-- by a chronic 
shortage of orders. 

Imro seeks members 

. The Investment Manage- 
ment Regulatory Organiza- 
tion (Imro) has sent 1 
invitations' to 2^00 invest- 
ment managers and advisers 
askiiigif foey are interested in 
becoming members. ■ 

Imro hopes to be 'one of foe 
self-regulating organizations 
under foe Financial Services 
Bill to govern fund manage- 
ment and the giving of invest- 
ment advice. 

Membership of Imro wflL 
therefore, encompass manag- 
ers and trustees or unit trusts, 
of certain pension funds, and 
firms or institutions, such as 
merchant banks and stockbro- 
kers, ; managing investment 
.portfolios for clients. 

- fmro’s costs wilf be met 
through a levy of members 
based on size of business 

TSB wiU spend £30m 
on advertising float 

CBI calls for rapid cut 
in wage settlements 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent. 

Trustee Savings Bank existing customers.The TSB 
s to spend up to £30 aims to. attract more than a 
i on publirising its million shareholders 

The Trustee Savings Bank 
expects to spend up to £30 
million on publicising its 
share flotation, due to take 
place in September. 

The bank said yesterday 
that since foe share launch was 
announced on Monday there 
had been 24,000 inquiries, 
bringing the total to 580,000. 

'The TSB is planning to 
spend more than. £5 million 
on newspaper and other me- 
dia advertising, including five 
television commercials and 
posters on 15,000 prime sites. 
But more money will be spent 
on other features of foe cam- 
paign. such as millions of 
information leaflets and let- 
ters to 4 million of the bank’s 

— By Onr Industrial Correspondent 

^federation of Brit- ing- the need ; for. strict pay 
rv-~gave~a warn ing restraint. •• ^ - • 

Mr Richard Bing, group- 
communications controller, 
said: “Research undertaken 
on Tuesday and Wednesday 
this week shows that 40 par 
cent ofthe population rough- 
ly 17 million people, are now 
aware of foe flotation.'’ He 
added that the survey showed 
that 61 per cent thought the 
TSB would be “a good invest- 
ment over foe next fewyears”. 

Features attached to the 
offer designed to attract small 
shareholders' will be an- 
nounced in August and the 
pathfinder prospectus will be 
published in a month. 

The Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry- gave-a warning 
yesterday that a rapid worsen- 
ing ofthe balance of trade and 
higher unemployment would 
occur within foe next 12 
months if pay increases did 
not come down quickly. 

Sir Terence Beckett, the 
director general said: “We 
must make a downward step 
in pay veiy rapidly otherwise 
we wil] rue foe consequences." 

Following its recent call on 
government and the unions to 
join a concerted campaign 
against high wage settlements, 
foe CBI has taken the lead and 
Sir Terence has written to the 
chief executives of all his 
member companies explain- 

He said yesterday: “Our pay 
has consistently exceeded our 
inflation, much more so than 
in the case of our competitors. 

It is a very unsatisfactory state 
of affairs because we are 
becoming increasingly 

Pay settlements wane still 
averaging 6J5 per cent, he 
said, although they, .covered a 
range of three to eight percent 

Die wide scatter of~ wage 
deals was necessary if industry 
was going to reward differing 
performances, he said, and foe 
CBI would not declare a figure 
for a pay norm. 


New York 

Dow Jones 1787.26 (-11.11) 

nSSdow __ 18026.24 (+166.17) 

HaSg Sw? - 1836.00 (+19-04) 

Amsterdam: Gen — .. 283.5 (-0.8) 
SydneyAO 11282 (-8.5) 

Commerzbank 18305 (+43.7) 

General 643^2 J+54« 

Paris: GAC 374.91+7.8) 


SKA General 498.80 (same) 

London dosing prices Page 21 



.Bank Base: 10% 

3-month I nt erb a n k 10-9 ,s if% 
3-momn eliabie W&9 1 ’ «-9H% 
buying rata 

Prime Rate 8% 

Federal Funds 6ii% . 

S-month Treasury BiBs 5.80-5.78% 
30-year bonds 98%-98 1 >b 



BM Group ; 


Cheshire Whotfood 
Bu Bough — 

Dowty — : — 

Noble & Lund . — 


Union Discount — ; 

Black Arrow 

Wiggins Group — 
Davies & Newman 

Lawson insists PEP will 
not be expensive to run 


132p (+l0p] 

177p +14p) 
._.703p +10p) 


- 128p(+7p) 

236p (+6p) 


Glaxo — — 

Jacksons Bourne 

Taca ... — 

Diploma .... — 

Elo c tro c om portents — 

Saga Holidays' 

Gus 'A' - 

Broken Hjfl Prop 

.ViewpJan — 




’£. $1.4925 
g DM3.1872 . 
£ SwFr2i7l5 
t. FFr10.2863- 
•fi Yen333-65 

fc |ndex;723 

£: SI .4935 . 

$; DM2.1345 
$: Index: 112.7 

ECU £0.667051 
SDR £0801676 

London Fixing: 

AM S34&50 pm-5348.6 
dose $348.50-349.00(1 

New York; . 

Comex 5348.70-349.20 

148.65 - 

,00 (£233.75- 


Brent (Sept) S9.B5 bbl (S9.60) 

Mr ■ Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor,- -yesterday de- 
fended the controversial Per- 
sonal Equity Plan against 
criticism that h would be too 
costly to administer and too 
complicated to attract inves- 
tors. At the same time the 
Inland Revenue and the Trea- 
sury gave further details, with 
(he publication of technical 
documents on the plan. 

Proposals for the PEP were 
unveiled by Mr Lawson in the 
Budget It allows individuals 
to invest np to £2,400 a year in 
shares and imit busts, giving 
them tax relief on reinvested 
dividends and exemption from 
capital gains tax on sales. 

Mr Lawson said: “This is 
not going to be an expensive 
scheme to run." The PEP had 
been “carefully designed to be 
as simple as possible for the 
first-time shareholder." 

The documents os the PEP 
say tbac 

• The plan will operate on a 

By Lawrence Lever 
calendar year basis, with in- 
vestors being allowed only one 
plan a year, even though they 
might not have used up their 
fall £2,400 in that plan. 

• They can, however, be 
transferred from one _ plan 
iminayr to another without 
jeoparaizing the favourable 
tax treatment 

Once a plan has ran for the 
one-to-two year period qualify- 
ing it for tax relief and capital 
gams tax exemption, it can be 
combined with earlier PEP 
plans set np by the investor. 

• Plans will generally fall into 
two broad types, either son- 
discretionary* leaving inves- 
tors free to choose 
investments, or discretionary 
under “common m a nag e me nt 
schemes." whereby plan man- 
agers will be able to pool 
investments on behalf of a 
number of investors. 

• After the initial investment 
is made shares within the PEP 
cannot be switched into mtitor 
investment trusts. 

• Phut managers wOI be free 
to impose their own restric- 
tions, on investments within a 
PEP snch as a limitation on 
the number of shareholdings, 
and can set their own charges. 

• The amount pot into foe 
plan can be held in cash until 
the end of the year in which jt 
is subscribed or an til it 
reaches £2,400. Interest 
earned on this money wiD be 
tax free. 

• Once investments have been 
purchased then not more than 
£240 or, if greater, 10 per cent 
of the total value of the PEPs 
held for the investor by foe 
plan manager can be held in 
cash. This is to allow small 
amounts of dividends to be 
held in cash. 

• Unlimited amounts of cash 
can be held by the plan 
managers for a maximum of 28 
days, to enable switching of — 
investments within the PEP. 

T he average annual compound rate of growth in the 
price of units (on an offer-to-bid basis) of each of our 
capital growth funds between launch and 30th June 1986 
was as follows: 

Fund ~ Launched Growth 

. Capital .; .. .. Jan 69 +15.7% p. a. 

International Growth Oct 76 +26.9% p-a. 

American & General Apr 78 +21.5% p.£ 

American Turnaround Oct 79 +24.5% p.a. 

Recovery : Apr 82 +28.1% p.a. 

Japan & General Feb 84 +22.3% p-a. 

European Feb 86 +21.8% p.a. 

Every one of these Framlington funds has outperformed the 
FT All-Share Index, theDow^ Jones Industrial. Average and 
the Standard and Ebors .Composite Index. 

E ach fond is folly described in the Framlington Unit 
Trust Guide 1986. For a free copy, send us this coupon: 

To: Framlington Unit Management Limited, 

Please send me a copy of the Framlington Unit Trust 
Guide 1986. 

Name. . 


T 25/7 | 

ta H A M 


THE 1 

:Y 25 1^86 



Tobacco shares rise 

New York (Agencies) - 
Shares edged higher yesterday 
after a mixed opening, with 
tobacco stocks Thom at reac- 
tion to a House Committee 
vote opposing an increase m 
the tax on cigarettes. Bat the 
Dow Jones industrial 

average's advance,- to just 
above 1,800, again encoun- 
tered resistance; 

Rising shares ootmanbered 
declining ones by five to fow. 
Philip Morris, a component of 
the Dow average, jumped by 
Ifc to W. ■ 

July 1 1. die offer for NSS on 
behalf of Forixwys. a subsidiary 
of GaUaber, was declared un- 
conditional. Proposals are now 
being made for the exchange of 
die 10 per cent NSS convertible 
unsecured loan stock, 

. 1 990/3000, for cash and/or loan 

HOLDINGS: Thomson T- 
; Line’s offer has been accepted 
by .the holders, -of 4.95 million 
ordinary dimes (about 79 per 
cent). It has been 'declared 
unconditional as to acceptances 
and will remain open; until 
further notice. The ash alter- 
native has been accepted, for 
37.010 ordinaries (about 039 

• PEARSON: Cameo, in Which 
Pearson has a 65.4 per . cent 
interest and which is part of 
Pearson's oil and oil' services 
sector, reports for the six 
months jo June 30. Pretax, 
income $449 million (£2,87 
million), against Si 1.72 million. 
Net sales $81.51 million ($85.08 
million). Earnings per share 
$0.43. ($0.92). Dividend' per 
share $022 ($0-2). . 

13.89 mfllibu: new ordinary 
share offered by way of rights, 
qver 94 per oem have been taken 

percent) and is now dosed. 

SHOPS: Acceptances of Sean’ 
offer had. by July 22 (the .first 
closing date), been received for 
4.28 million shares <82-4 per 
conk The offer. is unconditional 

f in alt respects and will remain 
open until further notice. ' _ - 
ERTIES: Ladforoke's offer has 
been accepted- for. 7.25 million 
ordinary- mares (93.-8 percent). 
It intends to acquire any 
outstanding’ ' share* 

interim dividend of l.8p. A 
share split and scrip issue will be 
proposed at an extraordinary 
meeting orr Aug. 20. If ap- 
proved. this will give four shares 

in place of each share now held. 

company plans to -issue'-£3S 
million, 9J per cent bonds, due 

: 199)and_IOjS4mfllionwansujts 
to procure* ibe subscription of 
ordinary shares of Pilkington, 
through an international syn- 
dicate.. The issue price of die 
bonds, with the warrants, is 1 15 
per cent. Each bond will be 
issued in the denomination of 
1 £1.000 and will bear interest at 
l 9.5 per cent, payable annually in 
arrear. The net proceeds will be 
used for' general corporate 

TRUST: Sue months to June 30. 

. The*, directors, have raised the 

first interim to 2 T 84p<2.43p) to 
reduce .iffe.* disparity bet ween 1 
payments. They Cxpect the sec- 
ond interim to be not less than 
the 42p paid for the previous 
year. Pretax revenue £231,707 
(£227,971 k Earnings per income 
share 328p (3.12pk 

MENT TRUST: A loan of S I 7 
million (£1 13 million) has been 

Freemans* * offer has been ac- 
cepted for 732.027 ordinary 
shares (95-24 per cent). It in- 
tends to compulsorily acquire 
the outstanding shares. 

MENTS: Grcig Middleton & 
Company.- financial advisers 
to Bestwood,bavefiilly under- 
written the cash alternative to 
the offer for Barrie. Bestwood 
and Greig, -Middleton have 
readied a g reement in the un- 
der- writing of up to 2319,360 
new Bestwood -shares,- the 
maximum number of. new 
shares which may be issued 
pursuant to the oner. 

months to June 30; Turnover 
£2,637.392 (£2,167,635), prof- 
it. before tax £453.310 
(£274,557), tax £175,871 
(£99,924). Minorities 
£1 52324 (£87302), extraordi- 
nary charge ; nf! (£13,288), 
transfer to capital redemption 
reserve tiihd £2^500; (nil), 
purchase of Own- shares .£ 
156,358 (nil) earnings per 
share and per variable ' rate 
convertible preference l.Q3p 
(0.69 p). 

circular to Eteco shareholders 
on July. 16, the company 
referred to its estimated prof- 
its before, tax. for the year, to 
June 30 as “not less than.£2.7 
million*! and “approximately 
£2.7 .miHtonl” Ax the request 
of the. City Panel on Take- 
overs & Mergers, the company 
confirms that its pre-tax prof- 
its in that period were not less 
than £17 million and that the 
reference to “approximately 
£27 million” in the circular 
should have read “not less 
than £27 million”. 

per share (S7;652 million or | 
$034 perstorek Pretax income i 
was $14,553 million ($13,914 
million); Pretax income for the 
mne months wis -$37313 mfl- 
Jion ($32,864 million). Net in- 
come for the nine months was 
$19,882 million or $1-38 per 
share cm revenues of $422 
million versus ($18,075 million 
or S 1.27 per share on. revenues 
of $318 million in 1985). 

The agreements with RJR 
Nabisco to acquire the US and 
riort-US businesses of Canada 

Dry were completed on July 24. 
Canadian and American regti- . 

Canadian ana American regti- . 
htpry approvals were obtained, 
so the placing of 35 million . 
ordinary shares in Cadbury was 
completed on July 25. 

More company news, 
page 22 ; 


J- AhaBasc^ the beer .barreMo- 
lodes group .bought out by-its. 
management from ConsoHaitftt 
Gold. Fields in qjhMSBk comes 
to ;the stock market today with 
an offer for sale of 43m shares 
• at 150p-a share.'. 

Its value at -the offer, price' 
wilt be 4184m and withpja—Sa 
^•aan fori 1 1 

Of the-. 43m t ebai*s being 
offered, *4JLa «re betag sold by 
exfetin^: shareholders and X4m ’ 
by. '.-Barclays'^-. Development 
Capital., wtutat funded the buy- 
out. The 980.000 -shares being, 
issuedby the company wi&.e&isM 

• -* • - r -j 

■ *. . r- - 

- L* .Jr CV 3 J 


Dalepak coming to mai^eCyaliied at £l2m 


Salepak Food* Britain's big- 
gest supplier of frozen grill- 
steaks, is coming to the market 
through an offer for sals of 4.7ns 
shares it 107p a share, giving 
It a value of ilLSn, 

Grlllsteaks are made out of ; 
meat which bas been processed 
by Baking, Mending. and form- 
ing to improve its eating charac- 
teristics. Salepak U brand 
leader in (he market with 
predugL^nrh as Dalesteaks,, 

became one of the first cent 
pantos in Britain to malm what 
has become known as the grill- 

Its products are now widely 
advertised oo television outside 
London and are sold through 
most Mg supermarket . and 
-freezer centre chain stores. 

Ttie grillsteak mark et b as 

company cays, me doe to a 
heavy : increase in advertising 

Of the shares being sold; 
same 3.1m ' are coming from 
existing abarehoWaTs- and 2.4m 
from the. company, raising 
£L3m - net to out- short-term 
• borrowings and accelerate the. 

df a** - 

fiigghujr so Dalepak has . tamed - 
to one ' of -ttte.. other.. biggest 
gro w th are w— ready mejJi— to 
'sustain the -momentum. If. the 

volume* come UtifoUgh.-at a. 

level high. enough .fo keejrthfli 

new factory bosyaU 
must' beinjig&jflp 


Flotation values Evans Halshaw at £17m 


Evans Halshaw, automotive 
distributor, is being floated on 
the stock market with a value 
of £17m eighteen months after 
the company was bought out 
by its management for ffinL 
Previously a 
LCP. the Wert 

Following the . buy-out, the 
directors owned 70 per cent of 
the shares, with the rest owned 

twUng .profits, were -OBm. «hm in the seefor. . However.- 
(£2L8m) . on -, sales of £152m . if the co m p a ny look* fairly 

by Barclays Development Capi- 
tal. Barclays will be selling foe 
majority of its. stake in the 
,agpf fn r ale, wbifejbe dine- 

(£140m). Profit before tax. was cheap -now. JiTl* -nothing com- 
almost unc h a ng ed at £ 2 JZm ’ pared to the price at which the 
because or an extra £lm.-in managers bought it )«& than' 

interest costs on the borrowings two. 
"ged to finance the 


In one month alone, the three 
companies' featufecTabove“wefe 
successful enoug h to fl oat on the . 
Stock Market small part 5ve cllike 

to think, to the backing that Barclays 
Development Capital Limited has - 
been able to. give them over the last 
few years. 

In. two instances we provided 
finance for management buyouts. 
And m the other we helped a 

growing business expand by provid- 
ing them with development capital. 

But our involvement didn’t stop 
there. “ -- 

Whenever our clients felt they 
needed it, we were happy to offer 
advice and practical help. 

Not to mention access to all the 
expertise of the entire Barclays 

Ir youid be interested in finding 
out what Barclays Development 

Capital Limited could do for you* 
please ^don’t hesitate to telephone 
Jeremy 5eddon on 01-623 2325 for 
a preliminary chat. - 


PO.Bor 18$, Ebbgace House, 

2 Swan Lane; London EC4R jjTS. 



• STORMGARD: Fifteen 
months ended March 31 (year 
to Dec. 3 1 1984). No dividend 
(nil).Figures in. £000: Turn- 
over 42,019 (nil), operating 
profit 2095 (7 loss), -net 
interest payable •• 1J61 ,(S2 
receivable), profit before lax 
734 (45), tax 5 (13) minority 
interest 9 debit .(nil), earings 
per share l.l Ip (0-68p). The 
1986 results include those for 
Selincourt from the date of its ■ 
acquisitiotk July 9 1985, and i 
those, of Frank Usher (a 
Selincourt subsidiary) tq tije 
date of its disposal on January 
24 1986. The 1984 results do 
not indude comparative re- 
sult s for Selincourt. 

• NOLTON: Contracts for the 
separate purchases oT Executive 

Services (London and- Mid- 
lands) Have been exchanged. 
Combined pretax profits 4ad- 

ICI fortunes wait 

justed for intr ag ro up , trading) 
for the companies for the nine 
months to April 30 were 
£123.000. The aggregate initial 
consideration of £59 3,4 19. net 
of expenses, will be met by-tite 
issue of 1.374.615 ordinary 
shares in Notion. 

NATIONAL: The Readicut 
Wool Company subsidiary bas 
purchased the business and 
assets of Falcon By Post, which 
sells- knitting yam and acces- 
sories by mail order, from its 
owners. Mr and Mrs RD SteH. 
for a cask consideration of£1.14 

♦ TATE A LYLEt-During-tite 
quarter ended June 30, Red pa til 
-Industries earned $7,713 mil- 
lion (£$. 1 74 million) or $0.53 

A leading international 
chemical company seems in 
an ideal position to benefit 
from lower oil prices and 
hence feedstock and fad 
costs. Yet here is ICI waiting 
for the upturn in business to 
restore its dented fortunes. 

it bas the misfortune to 
have its own North Sea oil 
interests, where reduced, pe- 
troleum revenue tax of £25 
million for the half year (£28 
mil Ron in the first half of 
1985) still left trading profit 

million plus total That 
would leave the shares selling 
at an undemanding 11.4 times 
earnings of 86p for the year 
(43. 1 p in the firet half). 

A comparable rise in the 
final dividend would give a 
5-2 per cent yield. 

That does not ask for much 
recovery -in demand before 
the late autumn. And the 
dollar should be more stable. 

Development in the US, 
where the group bought 
Beatrice's speciality chemical 
business, is proving success- 
ful in dollar lerms and ICI is 
likely- to prove more rather 
than less ambitious when its 
new chairman, Mr Denys 
. Henderson, moves in to 
make his marie. 


at a nugatory £5 million (£37 
million) on .halved sales. • 

million) on .halved sales. - 
The problems of formers 
.worldwide have knocked fer- 
tilizer prices and cut agricul- 
tural profits, to £43- million 
(£138 million). 

Most frustrating of all, the 
rise in the dollar against 
sterling has robbed out vol- 
ume growth of 4 percent plus 
an extra 3 per cent from 
acquisitions,' all of it outside 
Europe, leaving- worldwide 
chemical sales 6 per cent 
lower at £4.79 billion. ■ . 

. Fertilizers aside, the theory 
.has worked in that selling 
prices were held at an average 
of only I per cent fewer than 
the same period last year. 

As a result. ICI can claim 
that most of its main busi- 
nesses improved profit, in- 
cluding fibres and colours 
apd petrochemicals and 
plastics. . • 

The whole industrial prod- 
ucts sector produced a slight- 
ly disappointing £ 1 90 million 
(£163 million). And it was left 
to another unexpectedly 
strong performance in phar- 
maceuticals to lift the con- 
sumer and speciality side to 
£222 mtDton (£184 million) 
and keep the foil in pretax 
profit to 12 per cent 
Despite a lp rise in the 
interim dividend to 14p, ICI 
shares dropped 20p to 9S2p. 
This suggests that on a 
dyspeptic day, the market 

Security Holdings 

Automated Security Hojd- 

ings (ASH) enjoys a peculiar 
anticyclical advantage when 
economic times are hard. 
Higher unemployment 
means more -burglaries and 
greater awareness of security 
needs in factories, offices and 
homes. -The effects of 
Britain*s crime wave on the 
security business have been 
enlarged by the 
Government's drive for law 
and order as well as moves by 
insurance companies to offer 
discounts for well-protected 

ASH bas the added advan- 
tages of being the largest 
player in electronic security, 
with 25 per cent of the 
installed market, and deriv- 
- ing nearly 40 per cent of its 
business from cash-generat- 

ing rentals. Its interim profits 
reflected this buoyant situa- 
tion, rising 36 per cent to £4 J 
million in the six months to 
May 31. This was nearly all 
underlying growth, with little 
net contribution yet from 
Security Centres, acquired 
last year for £23 million. 

The shares, down 8p at 
I8Sp yesterday, stand on a 
propsective earnings multiple 
of 15’£ this year, foiling to 
under. 13 next year when the 
pretax figure could hit £15 
million. Promising in £he 
medium term unless villainy 
goe^out of fashion. 

was paying more attention to 
the half year than to the trend 
between quarters, for the 
aggregate fig ur e s w ere closely 
-feline witiuhe weU-jfoUwed 
forecasts of de Zoete & 
Be van. 

Sales may have continued 
flat, but second quarter profit 
was £268 million, against 
£204 million in the first thme 
months when the oil price fall 
was more of a shock. De 
. Zoete is looking for profits of 
only about £240 million in 
each of fhe4ast two quarters 
(compared with last year's 
relapse) to achieve aL£950 


Even the very suspicion of a 
takeover bid can' have a 
.rejuvenating effect on a 
company's performance: 

Dowty, which- has moved 

£70 million hi the next five 
years on increasing its portfo- 
lio .of London hotels from 
three to between eight and 10. 

. The expansion, will take 

R lace under .the banner of 
lent Hotels, which will em- 
ploy a lower prices strategy in 
a- sector where recent large 
increases in room rates could 
threaten London's tourist 
growth, said. Mr John 
Swarbrick, . Merit's managing 

;■ I LG has identified the 
three-star hotel sector as un~ 
dersuppiied as many refiir- 

. The needs of middle manag- 
ers and tourists were being 
ignored in London where the 
hotel industry was finding 
itself in an absurdly polarized 
position, said Mr Goodman, 
chairman of ILG. 

. He added^This situation is 
the result of the 'over-kill 
policy of London's hotel de- 
velopers. all of whom assume 
that the only investment 
worth making is in the four- 
arid five-star end of the 
market-" At the same time the 
lowfer end of the market 
scrambled to cut costs. 

on from making pit props for 
the mining industry to land- 
ing gear for fighter planes, has 
allegedly been the target <rf 
attention from Smiths Indus- 
tries. BTR. and probably * 
few other predatory engineer- 
ing groups as well. Thus, it is 
no coincidence that it appears 
to be adopting a much higher 
profile in the City. 

Its new-found confidence 
was not dented yesterday by a 
satisfactory turn-out for the: 
year, after interim figures 
which gave rise to some 
disappointment and led to 
renewed bid speculation. 

Pretax profits for the year 
ended March 31 rose to £47.6 
million from £44.2 million 

with earnings per share upbyl 
9.1 oer cent to !4.4p. The 

9.1 per cent to !4.4p. The 
dividend payout goes up 10 
per cent to 5.5p a share. 

The biggest increase came 
from the aerospace side, con- 
tributing £25.5 million' 
against £21.7 million at the 
operating level Business re- 
mains strong, both in supply- 
ing civil and mili tary , 
customers, with the current 
order book standing at 
around £300 million. 

There is also a valuable 
spin-off in work for its elec= 
ironies divirion which has 
grown to a £100 million ^ 
year business since the late 
1 970s and in the current year 
chipped in profits of just 
under £8 million. 

Dowty's industrial busi- 
ness — supplying hydraulic 
seals, mainly to car manufac- 
turers — came in with £7J> 
million, up from £5 million. 

Growth prospects on the 
mining side look limited 
despite plans to introduce 
more advanced 

equipment Profits at the op- 
erating level fell from £8-9 
million to £7.9 million. How- 
ever. business with British 
Coal and overseas markets 
appears to be holding up wen. 

The current year looks like 
being a good one and analysts 
are chalking in forecasts 
around £53 million. 

feeling in the City is that 
while predators might have 
retired to the sidelines for the 
time being they will be ready 
to pounce at the first signs, or 
a slip. 

The shares have fallen back 
since touching a peak 240p 
on bid talk and yesterday 
closed at 21 8p, up 1 3p on the 
figures. Trading prospects 
alone, even without a take- 
over approach, provide a 
firm base at this level. 

1 i) \ 

» y 


Mam & Company. 

GgnsofidaM Cute 1000% 

Continental Trust 1000% 

foepentive Baft — . — 1080% 

C. Hoar* & Co_ -10DW 

Hong Kong & Shanghai — 1000% 

ttojds Bank WOO* 

NR Westminster 1000% 

Royd Bank of- Safari 000% 

ICI Group financial highlights . 

‘Group’ means ICI dridi ts subsidiaries. ‘£m’ means millions of pounds sterlin 

1985 T ' " ~ " = “ 

First Half Year*- - J?86 - 

~ First Ht 


■Brtnwer (sales tocustomers outside the Group) 
2,433 Chemicals - UK -ll 

7 - 426 -Overseas 

366 Oil ’J 

10,725 Total turnover 

912 Profit before taxation 

552 ""W* 

33.0p Dividends (pet) per C) Ordinary Stock ~ 

,,h> iul 

>' I’ 1 " 

b » p 



Westland criticism sem 
share prices tumbling 

'■-Jhere was no sign of a weakened by the downgraded 
ftopeymoon in ihe stock mar- profit forecasts for Diploma 
feet yesterday as gloomy trad- after an analysts' meeting on 
tng conditions returned Wednesday. Diploma dipped, 
following a critical Commons' 20p to I95p and Famell at 
cpmmittee report on 150p and Electrocoraponents, 
Westland. . 370p, retreated by lOp and 

•.- With' the Government aT- iSp 

ready under pressure over its Against the trend. Dowty 
policy on- South Africa, fears stood out with a I3p jump Ur 
pf further recriminations 218p following a beiter-than- 
against ministers concerned in expected 7.6 per cent earnings 
the- Westland affair were expansion. A cheerful 
fnpugh to scare investors back analysts' meeting after the 
qr-. to the sidelines, leaving figures helped to sustain. the 
. advance. 

-ll F & H Group, the Luton Gills drew strength from Mr 

company which designed the p au f Volcfcer's enigmatic 
computer systems for the speech on interest rates to the 

baggage-handling facility at (JS Congress on Wednesday. 
Heathrow's Terminal 4, is Mr Volcker is the chairman of 
to make its debut on the Un- ihe ■ US Federal Reserve 
listed Securities Market Board. Helped by a strong 

|witb a price-tag off 12.6 mil- futures market, gains 
lion. The ofTer-for-sale at stretched to three-quarters of a 
l34p a share will raise £3.6 point. - 

^Ulion and buy out the in- Banks held steady in front 

terests of one of the founders 0 f ^ interim figures from 
who is retiring. Profits _ Lloyds today. Dealers are 
4uve risen from £120,000 in hoping for a little more than 
£982 to £1.8 million last the £333 million forecast at 

the time of the abortive bid for 
Sshare prices to drift lower on Standard Chartered a few 
^d-accoum selling. weeks ago. Insurances turool 

■I. , The FT 30-share index ^iewS 

.'dropped by 22.6 points to 837 PJ he ? I ? of P 1 ™ 15 news 
•'V.3.M.2, while the broader- ne * 1 month. 

'based FT-SE 1-00 index tum- 
jljjed by 24.6 points to K547.7. 

"J. . Jhere was little inspiration 
; to be drawn from the interim equities 
? profils of ICT, which produced 
£the expected 12 per rent MfloSgi. ^7p) 

< reduction m earnings and an Beaverco (i4Sp) 

: unexciting trading statement. 

• The shares closed 2 Op easier at eSuo cm s£i 
J 982p. taking Beecham down Cftetsea Man ci2Sp) 

-*.10p to 40lp and Glaxo 21p 
$ lower at 952p in sympathy. Ser Da^ (7 t 8) ) 

.* v Tails in other leaders ranged gt Management t2i0p) 

; k between 2p and 8p. The 
; political factor continued to ntue Ergonom fl2p) 

■■ vtessh heavily on British Hughes Food (20p) 

; Telecom at 182p, down 8p. !£^ 0 j^Vfl8L 

• Plessey tumbled ]4p to 204p sK3«f(72p) 

u on the view that the GEC bid SmaHwne <i65p) 

mav be blocked. Soundtracks (40p) 

may oe oiocxeu. Stanley Leisure (llOp) 

» ..-Other electronic issues were tv-am (i30p) 

Disappointing figures 
knocked 45p from Tace at 
47Dp and 8p from Automated 
Security at I8Sp. Fading, bid 
hopes left Be jam 7p lower at 

In stores, GUS “A" at 995p 
lost more than Wednesday's 
20p rise which followed the 
results. Storehouse, un- 
changed at 3I3p, recouped an 
early fall after a favourable 
statement at the annual meet- 
ing. Towles. “A" reflected 
comment at 93p. up 8p. 

Black Arrow improved by 
7p to 1 S4p ahead of today's 
results and Cheshire 
Wholefoods continued to ben- 
efit from.a recent encouraging- 
annual report at 25Gp - up by 


Raine Industries, which an- 
nounced a substantial acquisi- 
tion on Wednesday involving 
Mr Graham Rudd ofWilUams 
Holdings, slipped to 72p be- 
fore rallying to 75p, a net foil 
of4.5p. Brengreen rose l.Sp to 
47.5 p as Hawley confirmed 
market purchases which have 
taken its slake to 1 5.5 per rent. 

BETs cash bid is worth 45p 
a share and dealers are hoping 
that Hawley will make a rival 
offer of about SOp. Macro 4 
advanced 14p to 177p, stlmo- 



Anglia Sacs (1l5p) 
Ashby (LI (135p) 

B8B Design (67p) 
Beaverco (I45p) 

Bipel 37 1-[2p) 

Borland (125p) 

Bnedero (M5p) 

Cbetsea Man pSSp) 
Coated Electrodes (84 p) 
Evans Halt shaw (I20p) 
Fletcher Dennys (70p) 
GT Management <2l0p) 
Guthne Corp (15Dp> 
Harrison [(150p) 

Htlle Ergonom (92p) 
Hughes Food (20p) 

M6 Cash & C (100p) 

Soundtracks (40p) 
Stanley Leisure (llOp) 
TV-AM (130p) 





142 +2 



24 'i+'i 
440 -3 
139 -2'j 

Task Force (95p) 
Templeton (2l5p) 

Tenby Inds (1l2pi 
Thames TV (I90p) 

TibtMt a Britten (120p) 
Yolverton r38p) 

Unttock (63p) 

Windsmoor (106p) 


Abaco Inv N IP ■ 
Antofagasta n/p 
De La Rue F/P 
Dataserv N/P 
Ermine Hse F/P 
Expamet N/P 
Inti S*gnal F/P 
Leigh interests N/P 
Top Value N/P 
Wight Coflms N/P 
Yorkmount N/P 
(issue price in brackets). 













" Hue Month Staring Open 

“ Sap 86; 9015 

li)ec8B — 9tM0 

•. J4ar87-> 9038' 

v 'JUrt 87 9025 

'.Sep 87 9034 

: Oec87 NT 

■« -previous day's told open interest 14288 

■» Three Month Euodoflar 

*•3*86 9345 

'tMarar 9332 

•.June/ 9Xio 

1 USTTmastny Bond 
« 'ConRK 07.94 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 



: . Short Git 

■ Sep 86 ; — 

■ Dec 86..: 

- 100-55 

: . NT 


.—Long CUR 
• SepBS. - 
■ Dec 86 : 



- NT 

J Mar 37 — 

J Junffl 


- NT 

? FT-SE 100 

mn 60 

a Dec 86. - 

.. 16030 

Hull - Low ClOM EstVol 

9026 90.15 9025 2090 

90.46 90.40 90.45 324 

9039 ' 9036 90.42 43 

9025 90.20 9029 28" 

90.04 9034 90.14 4 

Previous day's total open Merest 17834 
9X49 9X46 9X47 1241 

9X47 9X42 9X43 824 

9X33 93.29 9X29 287 

9X12 93.08 9337 72 

Previous (toy's total open Mtarest 77is 
07-27 97-® 07-13 3409 

97-04 97-03 96-23 10 ~ 


100-62 10 

m interest 1023 
58- 203 
— . 0 

— _ 0 

i interest 13700 

Market rates 


N York M665-1.4940 
Montreal 2.0709-23807 
Am8'cJam3-5781 -XS951 
Brussels 65.44-6536 
Cphgan 113122-113963 
DuS?! 1.0680-13711 
Lisbon 21X70-221.49 
Madrid 20X27-204.04 
Milan 218134-2190.96 
Oslo 11;1 288-1 1.1714 
Pans 103518-103156' 
STkttm 104980-105419 
Tokyo . 23X28-234,10 _ 
Vienna 2233-22.42 . 
Zurich' 23631-23778 



Morgan' Grenfell' Asset 
Management: Mr Ian Hay . 
Da won has tjecome- a non- 
executive director. ' 

Willis Faber & Dnrqas: 'Mr 
E J S Gamtt amfMr A D M 
Proctor have bisen -named as 
directors.- - 

Abaco Investments; . Mr 
Robert Owen has joined the 
board. ' . \ - 

Macfaiianes: : Mr ~ Vanin 
Treves fs to be seuidr partner 
when Mr Herbert James Re- 
tires as- senior .partner, and 
managing partner on April 30 
□ext year. Mr Roger Former is 
to be- managing partner. Mr 
James will remain a partner. 

Morran Grenfell ' Laurie: 
Mr Philip Walker- has joined 
the financial.' services depart- 
ment as an associate drnectpr: 

Bankside -Underwriting 
Agencies,.. Bankside Syndi- 
cates and Bankside Members 
Agency: MrOaelc is tq 
be diairraatt,. sndceadiTig - Mr 
Harry'- Armstrong, who will 
remain a nonexecutive dhec- - 
tor, Mr Biggs- will retain the 
post of managing director. 

Wrightson Wood Group: 
Mr Nicholas Cobbohf has 
joined theboard. • 

British Telecom:. Mr. John 
McMooigall has been made 
chief executive, international . 
products di vision,- succeeding 
Dr Peter -Troogfatoo. 

British; :Nori-FenxHis Metafo 
Federation: Mr Peter Flskra 
has . been' elected presidehi 
succeeding Mr fHetre Denis. 
Mr Ken Bennett has been re* 
elected- vice-president and Mr 
John Kembery elected vice- 
president .Mr Peter Marsh 
has -been elected- treasurer, 
succeeding Mr I^sGe_Mih)er. 

EMI Music Worldwide: Mr 
Alexis Rotelli, is now-maiag- 
ing director, Europe. -Mr. Da- 
vid Stock ley : managing 
'director, - international Mr 
Roqpert Perty nianagingdirec- 
tor, UK ' and Eire and Mr 
Rkhacd Burkett managhtg de- 
fector, manufacturing and op- 
erations, Europe. Mr Lee 
Shnpsoa becomes vice presi- 
dent, operations; Mr -Guy 
Delnz managing director, 
France ' and Mr Roberto 
Citterio managing - director. 
Italy from September l. Mr 
Gordon CoUms becomes resi- 
dent director, Japan, Mr Rod 
Kreize director,. AAR and 
marketing, Mr Goy Marriott 
dincctor, business affairs, Mr 
Cohn Hodgson vice-president, 
France. Mr Allen Harford 
vice president, human re- 
sources and organization, Mr 
Brian Southall director, public 
relations and communica- 
tions, Mr David Lawfaon be- 
comes . vice president, 
technical, and' manufacturing 
resources. ' 


bled by a broker's visit to the 
company earlier this week. 
Westwood Dawes at 66p, up 
4p. attracted option activity. - 
Comment on Wednesday's 
results . lifted Bensons Crisps 
Sp to 44p, while Wiggins 
Group, at 128p and Noble and 
Land, 1 32p. were speculative- 
ly wanted, up by 7p and lOp 
respectively. ‘ 

BuUoogb celebrated a 31 per 
cent profit increase; with a 9p 
rise to 299p. STC, with inter- 

• New Cavendisb Estates, 
the property mrestment com- 
pany which asked fora 
suspension of its sbares at 
llOpon Joly 15, resumed ' ' 
trading yesterday after agree- 
ing to a takeover offer of - 

1 (ftp a share from anew com- 
pany called UK. This was 
setup by Stirling Properties 
and Group Properly Ser- 
vices, controlled by tbe Unity , 
Corporation of Australia. 

UK will ensure that its i 

shareholding does net exceed j 

60 per cent. < 

iiii . figures due early next 
month, put on- 4p. to I64p. 
Profit-taking dipped 8p from 
Jaguar at 515p. 

A gloomy profits forecast 
from Saga Holidays lopped 
12p from the shares at 150p 
after interim losses. Jefferson 
Smorfit met support -from 
Ireland ai 218p, up by 5p. 
Rank Organisation slipped 
I Op to 4S5p, still depr^ed by 
the Foundation placing, on 
Wednesday. . - * 

- .Sharply lower, profits -hit 
Norsk Hydro at £12ttp, down 
by £1 Me. Other oils were little 
changed, with BritoD steady at 
1 40p, hoping for a maintained 
interim dividend today. 

Union Discount added 1 Op 
to 703p in recognition of its 
decision to withdraw from ! 
gilt-edged market-making. 

v To tfie dismay of botii . suppditars . 
anddetraefors, the Bankxtf EnglandJs... 
now iri the habit of playing 'down its 
powers; which“it now suits die Bank tcU 
equate with the authority vested in it, - 
by . legislation '.and' superior institu- 
lions like the Treasury. lt is probably 
part of the “explaining away** process 
after several ■ lapses mom grace -.. If 
pressed,, the Bank will confess, to 
having a certain d^ee of influence . 
above, beyond and/ below its. fbnnal- 
powers. T- - j 

Be may, the Bank is racing' 
big changes to fts domairi arid hasfat- 
least - two; pieces of forthcoming. leg~ -' 
islaiion -to whiclr it must contribute; * 
Three/ consolta^yeTdocumeittS; 
lished yesterday/ contein interesting 
proposals on .hanks' and secunoei - 

understandably? kepri % replace, the 
. syriemoOzazdedc^ri^wjjhdisoount. 
houses, money: brok^s and' gilts 
jobfietb,^ .the xdd, rchfcmbney" _rr 
with some pther^syifenl of gtmraiHee- 
ing. high-quality liquidity. .Banks will 
bayey to;, hold a stock of . approved 
assets. 'T.'. ,’T *. - r . • *' 

- S6' for the Japanese Securities 
hooses have concentrated tibeir over- 
seas Ine'ori the USTseasiiry paper and 

- Eurobond ftiirr keto.. They have just 
’ obi jged -eminent /Nirw -Y/otk invest- 
/rtient banks, at- great ; cost; to those, 
bapks; /to'tethiak iheir strategy. In k 
characteristic . display -of monolithic 

" As the supervisory framework ; 
envisaged in -the Financial Services ; 
Bill -bas tnushroomed, the 
asserts its own primary status. As for 
as banks dabbling in areas cov ered by - 
other regulatory bodies are concerned 
die Bank will remain the chief 
-authority; .passing bn relevant 
information to other-bodies.. . .... ■. ■ 
/ No detailed distinction '.is made 
‘ between banks, wtfr ^securities . busi- 
nesses and securities conglomerates, 
with banking interests, r ' 

On t^e foce of the-Bankistnaking 
a bid to be chief . regulator of both - 
types of iinriitutiorisL If so, this will ' 
effectively ensure that a large numbef - 
of the Biggest players in the securities 
market raU dueedy under the Bank’s 
■supervisoryeye-There is ckariyroom 
for ftriherftefmition here. - ” : ; 

The Bank therilaysout rules bi» the ' 
company - structure 'of- groups operat-T 
' ihg in the secnTTtfes mfflkets,Tts main .- 
concern is< to minimuEe 5 the risk of 
counterparty ' confusion — Wen a ;' 
customer; may not know which group 
company he -is dealing with beeausp - 
the' individual cteaier represents sev- 
eral companies — and inadequate 
back-up focititie& 

Its solution is to encourage the 
practitioners^ themselves . to get. to-_ j 
gether to establish market conven- 
tions. More specifically, the Bank. 

up an- entire Treasury issuetat a price 
the natives thoraght absurd arid had 
promptly sold short. The Japanese 
simply refused td release any .of. the 
paper and it cost the' smart New Yoric 
bears millrons. -Whether you call this, 
dumping financial services .or. merely 
a tecbxnque ffafe Japanese have tra- 

- dirionalIy us«<l tQ budd itp tbeir 

: presence in an : ftnporiarit.' market 

- hardly, majtters.; syhat ‘does, matter is 

their-awesome musde. ■ " .7. 

; " There aie signs lhaL. the Japaziese 
are now ready to give serious conrid- 
eration to inv«tipg iit ' foreign eq- . 

: uities.. than is one maiket 
in which there! are a number of 
sizeable '^stocks*’ like Germany; 
France, Italy and the United King- 
dom — all within their fipancial range. 


030-031 pram 




6-par pram 





351-4 swe 


«- 14 pram ' 














1-Xpram . 




its gilt-edged, market-making opera- 
tion and hs discount house business. 

Oddly, it dismisses questions of 
conflict of interest in securities as.the 
domain of -the SROs and hot the 

With the reorganization of the gilts 
and' discount market, the Batik is 

. knowledge," -research - and ; market 
- expertise is usefilt^With; thjis-in mind 
7 jodoubt^Tarnait^ti^SeCiirities, oneof^ 
the 1 big fmir securities houses, has 
formed ajoint bpetatioriwiih Muriay : 
Johnsforie, tfie Gfosgow-bascd invests 
-men! group. This is the first direct hnk 
-df its Idhd andftieftitentiotiris to have 
up to SSOD million under manage- 
ment by the. end of the first year. 

. Raymond Johnstone, chairman and 
-managing director, said yesterday that 
;mosr! of the^funds are likely to be 
. chapneled into fixed interest bonds at 
the stiLrt, particularly in. Europe, with 
the importance of equities increasing' 
later. “ ■:'■■■,■ • 

Yamaichi-Murray Johnstone will' 
be: based in Glasgow and .-will be. 
equally owned by Murray -Johnstone 
... and Yamaichi Internationa] Capital 
-Management the Yamaichi subsid- 
iary responsible tor marketing it in 

Previous day's total open bitsrast 13700 
120-24 11922 120-24 S38X * 

Previous day s total open i ntere s t 2401 
15830 157.10 157.80 248 

10)30 15930 15930 6 

StMng indwcconqpmdwWi 1975 ira* down ■« 7X8 (day's range 723 X 


Aigentina austral* ' 
Australia doftar — 

Bahrain Anar 

Brazil cruzado 1 _ 







Toa select few.the results 
for -the year to 31st March, ^ 
1986 from Fleming.Universal ^ 
In vestment Trust are gOing'to / 
be very good news. T fi 
Because the total return * 
to shareholders. - that is the y 
gain in share price plus their 
net dividends - was 30.1% and jk 
the net asset value per share E 
rose b/ 321%. -fM 

And to fncrease the H 
marketability of the shares a ™ 
two-for-orie scrip issue is 
proposed - meaning the : ^j 
owner of each share will get 
two extra ones. 

r 7M-. •■•is. 

fa. i?! 




rf -Yfv;- - ' . ■ bVy'wH/.yf 1 ; - * 

i ■ i I r, j -- 

Equity marKets-and the FLEMING UNIVERSAL INWStWE^ 

income from' them - can L • . . .. .^ _ . : : . ■ — — \ . ...» . . . — r 

fluctuate and carry greater insks ■ than •- more-, ,1 -TThanks to vest- 
con ventional forms of investment" But they: ‘ rhait^^avir^Sthein^i^^ 
have performed much better in recent years. ■ made by any-irfvestor-iri^f lernwg- .Univeirsaf 
in the five years to 31st December 1985 £100; shares ty regufer^ ^vihgs of as tittle -as £25 
would have had to grow. to £137 to keep up a month or with I ump surns-pf r "£250 or 
with inflation: in a building' society it grew ^mbrer . • T . 

to £147 and in shares of Fleming Universal - ; If>pu would BfetofiR^t^more simply: 
(with dividends reinvested) to £2&. . - ' v. return™ cwpoh below';- ;* •; 


Prin Bank BOs ItKcaunfU 
1 mmh 2rortfi 

3mnth 9"w-9% 6mn(ti 9 i, c-9' ; *jj 

Trada BBi (Dsoourit 1>) 

1 mrtti 10 'h 2mnth 10"» 

Srimto ID*!# 6mn ih ICPk 

mtarbank (%) 

Ovenugbfc open 9S close 10 
1 week 10-9% 6 ninth 9«.*3’i 

1 mmh lO-S’ 4 '. 9 mmh 9 ' !, ib-9!'. 

3imth 1M 1 ', IZnah 

1 mnth 9‘i 

6 mmh 9”i* 12mtti 9*4 

Local Authorit* Bond* 

1 mnth 1054-10 2 mmh 10*«-10 

3 mnth 10V10 finrth 10\-10 • 

9 mmh T0X-70 i2n«h 7MB 

Staffing CDs (V) 

1 mnth 9 J'h- 9:4 3 mnth 9'*-»-9 l ' , i, 

6 mnth 9‘-.«-9 ,J -* I2m«h 9 1 '*^-9 ,J i. 


1 mmh 635-650 3 mnth 6303 «5 

6 mmh 6303.45 12mtti 6.60-6.55 




7 flays Pr6'i 
Smith 6 8 >*-6 , i» 
7 days 4”i^4*>« 
3 mmh 4t4l, 

f lanrh fV-Mir 

rtaura nwK 

7 days 74 ib-7*i» 

3 ninth 7* ■»-7' , i* 

MasPmoc . 

7 flays 1«V14% 
3 mnth &45S 


7 days 5)4-5 
3mnB>4 | >i*-4 , '» 








7'iv7 s i, 




Year to 31st March 




Total Assets 

£1 10.8 m 


Net Asset Value 

per Share . . 




Total Return 



At 31st March, 1986 the geographical breakdowrr qf- 
rnvestments was - North America. 57%, Continental. 

lapan 14%. United Kingdom.. 9%. ; 
Other Far East 5%. 

Please tick: ■ ' - 

Piease send mea copy of the1986‘ . : : - ~ 

' RemingUnh/ersai Investment : Trust • 

. Annual Report. 0 / J ' ■ ; ’ 

' and/or a copy of the Dividend Beirrvestrnent and 
Savings Scheme brpdiune. O '• T . : . • 

Bast to: Robert Fleming Services Liinitied,' : l - 
-. 25 Copthall ^renue,.Ljgndon EC2R7C>R. '. 

> 4 ’-»: , «anson 
.i^** riTOi 

135 39 - - 1 - - 

150 24 - - 1 - - 

150 15 23 28 3 5 9 

Jtfly at 1888. Total axrtrsea 12B24, Cato«B7. PntaHSZ. TJhdarfyiogaacaritypcKe. 

GoKtS3 4 B3O-349.00 

sxSSo^soi^fso-axi .so) 
Sovereigns' (newt 
S 83 5MU 50 (£5600-56. 75 1 

Fixed Hate Stenmg Eapon Finance 
Scheme IV Average reterence rale *ty 
mieiest period June 4. 1986 to 
July 1. 19BB inclusive* 9324 per 


The trust is general, as opposed to specialist, .but with : 
an increasing emphasis on radical geographical and- • . 
sector changes. !t invests internationally aiming for'dre 
best possible total return. Revenue may vary from year ' 
to year with changes in investment polity and exchange ‘ 
rates and shareholders should be prepared so accepf a. 
fluctuating level of dividend. 




FRIDAY JULY 25 1986 

'p'fc&e-tte SL 


pa Oder eh go Yi«fej 

nTHMvMxu a a. Ba/memoum 3“* *al 
khi nraratuMMm 

GeilTuad 1186 033* *01973 

HTOl me Eftflty 93.7 B9M rC< -*S7 

mfrwMe en noo aa<e -Os 477 

Amman Growth 15011996 *09 1.40 

Asm Rscd« 48.4 498 *0* 331 

tamibn; 1009 107.9 >03 197 

w me tow* 
HmM« Bona 
Amman Growth 
Asm PMt 
him A Emwr 

Coma A Energy 
European tea 

S’Smh M* 

(to Accum 
US E mcran g Cot 
E4MUS Progress 

fi 5 $ §9 *ot i« 

65* 700 >09 117 

182 934 *0.7 145 

131 8 (40.7* -08 102 

013 066 *05 

956 1027 -06 177 

1370 1473 >09 124 

580 504 O B 
1904 3097 -09 034 

624 688* *01 219 

ARM Dratra Conn SwmJon SKI 1(1 
0793 610306 6 0793 28291 

0793 610366 A 01 

F*v Tna 
Grown A toeome 
catwi T«vst 

4 ww TiVB 

ngn worn Tsl 
Equity Income 
tfegh YieU 
Gdl Sees Trust 
M UmsK w a l 
Japan hrt 
Pacrirc Tnw 
Amer Spet £03 

iMtelSi 2136 

2207 mO -09 SCO 
1329 MM t08 321 

3 73 243 I >16 280 
» 7 37134 *17 327 
5369 5713 -14 310 

316 34 7c *0.1 424 
748 7 204* >06 418 

1367 1454* -01 488 
1423 1519 -02 5.41 

299 312 *0l 923 

•14 987* *04 095 

iis.4 ts9 *18 on 

1702 1813* *14 049 
653 695 *03 141 


22 42 2g* 

H7 8 1252* -02 274 

Smrter Cos 1552 1654 *82 242 

R4eo«wv Trim 023 87 6 *02 2.13 

UMIABACmny 770 no *0 1 241 

OseasCamngs 1787 1903* *09 312 

T«MM| T« 853 JOB -43 899 

income &enpr «&2 132.7* -02 612 
EunsHSmatarCos 2315 1454 -06 194 

US* Ezemea Trust 3416 3621 *17 114 

131 F+oiwy P a—n nn London BC2A 1AV 
01*628 9876 01-280 88*0/1(2/3 
Capra Ctowtn Inc 59.1 812 *03 1 67 

DQACCirn 68< 70.6 *03 167 

Eastern A M 1370 1465 *14 000 

0o8*» Wrtdmw al 733 785 *06 080 

Fauna A PTOM'la 83 7 68 1 -0.1 120 

G# 4 Faed Income 483 50 Ic -0.1 7 73 

DoAccttra SOB 850c -017.73 

EaftyMccme 773 825c *03 4 48 

Be Aram 1803 I924C *0 7 444 

HHI YwW Income 780 834 -05 7 16 

Oe Acewrn 2045 2187 -1.4 7.18 

M Income 734 775* *04 233 

DO Accent 743 79.4# +0.7 233 

Do 5*. wmreri 673 719* *06 233 

Managed Find 590 622 *01 

Aeteronce income 29 9 3T9* 9.74 

Do Aram 565 1032* 974 

Sorter Co s Actum 13* A 1441 -11164 

Won] Pent* Sum 99 105* *0.1 070 

PORteO Til UK 76.4 79 1* *04 1 62 

PORWO TB Japan 101 8 1055* *04 000 
PBrttatO T»l U3 698 723* *05 1.07 

RHIfDBD Tst Europe 1037 1(77.4* *01 000 
Pomow TM Si 481 415* *1 1 0.10 


3 (MnMJc si Eraeragn EH3 6Y+ 

031*225 2581 (0*3ors03l-2?6 6066) 

Do Accra 
Eastern A M 
Po6*> w*nna« *i 
Fauna A Proctety 

m Ei 122) 429 1 447 ■« 113 

Japan E* |43) *362 *411 *441020 

UKC* 0<» 2334 2643 (47 

Pi* Puns HI 4480 4716 

PH> Pm UK 1990 2096 

SG An * nee 16S3 1602c 035 

BG Energy 1362 i*3S *05 1 43 

BGtaeon*GMft 192 7 2050* -0 3 524 

BGJopRr 2018 214 7 *13 000 

BC Technotogy 1457 1550* -21 067 


25/25 tenM Sums. London ww 4AO 

01*491 0295 

Amman 492 637 *81 075 

Auftirton IM MO -04 1U 

JvunAOnm 1127 1206 *03 817 

Nrn tncoano 450 482c -03 737 

Mtamemi Tim 733 783* *02 1 09 

income Cm TM 457 489c -04 420 

GM A Food hn 204 210* 1801 

Cum Mates Sj 352 >03 257 

tetmsuute 383 410 -0? 159 


biMmjgonai IW 
Fncome Gm Tm 
G E A fmo mi 

U*ccm House. 252. Rented Rd (7 
01*5)4 55*4 

01*5)4 55*4 

tea 045 

Ami Accra 1150 

Oo Inc o me 81.7 

Copra . 680 

Eaamgl Trail 4165 

Eura Income 749 

Foaneel 2214 

500 2612 

Geneoi 1340 

Gn A Fort me 54 6 

Jura A Gen few 1666 

Do Ace 1617 

Grow* Accun 1744 

rneeme Tmci 3215 

Lemne Tnm 791 

smem Sum bans 1383 
n uconenr 1 89 9 

TmttM Tune 104 I 

Um Teen Accra SO.i 

Oo Income <96 

wohomw Tnm 1453 

B TM in* (two ACC 1187 

Oo me 2053 

045 898 *4.1 148 

1150 1223* *44 l 78 
01.7 863* -26 1.70 
684 723c -03 304 

4165 4*34 -I 7 445 

749 796 -0.1 533 

3214 2439 -05 310 

2632 2799 -06 1.10 

1340 1433 -AS 324 

54 6 57.4 954 

IMA 1774 *10 0.15 

(607 I7A4 *13 015 

17*6 185.7 -0.7 837 

3215 MM >13 331 

791 80 133 

1383 147 1 -05 128 

1009 2024 -09 230 

104 I 11879 -06 294 
50.1 532* *01 821 
49 6 517B *01 821 
1453 154 5B *05 1.05 

Fin Man me 

Ftnunajl See* 
Odd A Gee 
fed (eewe 
Plop Shares 

UfH Energy 

MfenM Tea 
Amur Growth 
Amur Income 
Amec Smate Cos 
Far Eta 
Horn Kong M 
Japan Pmf 
Jappi Gntear 



Oder 019* tm 
~ 1874 2052 -0.V47S 

184 195 1814 

■093 1100 *12 297 

464 49 (• - *OI 21S 
142 lS2B -03 38S 

i?4 tti >«T 050 

69 1 737 >03 140 

406 413b *81 1.71 
445 . 4120 *0.7 BB7 
923 Bo *11 IS 
570 613 SB 

221 236S -01 837 
5A1 SM -13 246 
14 7 157 022 

493 531 *12 004 

243 2520 *0£ 256 
35.7 38 1 *81 194 

7S2 002 *03 

189 184 

812 854 <45 391 

A* 7 67 7 4(4 

brown tetter 

*■17 Pew* «g*1 H«. HayteOs HhV> 
0440 456144 

FmanoW - - — 

Smate GAS ACC 2299 3472 

Oe meom* 147.9 159.1 

Man IWMg Me 

Do Acc 

Nodi Amanan 

147.9 l».l 490 

n« -4* 571 

7*9 848 *82 439 

59.9 64.4c tO? 316 I 
1081 1077c >84 

693 64.4B (Ot 1.30 ' 
855 904 *04 023 i 

Tin Stock _E«na 
meomeFwtf ft 

Do aomA a 
Smate W(S^ 
Do Accum (5) 

01*242 ii*a 

GS Jaote Fund 

je London 0B?P Jjr 

2101 23D3B -04 304 
3359 353 OB >07 340 
1016 107.1 432 

1703 1873 432 

1253 131 1 137 

165 7 1734 137 

£1137 1103B 292 

El? II 13220 IS? 

. London WC1V SPY 

CS Japan fund 054 909 *03 024 


Gram 2744 £91.90 *13 264 

income 3204 3*140 *3.1 445 

Far East 2004 217.7 *03 832 

Far East 
North Annan 


2004 212.7 
i» 4 1604 
47 6 586i 
492 513 
573 61.$ 

caps, ( j am eh mwaoE mprr 

PO Boy 551 fete Marks London £03 7JO 
01*621 0Q1I 

Capuai 1613 377 4 -85 U 

.inoewe 2812 3019 -09 *J 

Note Amman £949 304.7 *01 01 


G« Turn t(Wi ill.? *43101 


few Fund *1335 4J 

fomci tm 1*70 c 97 

Oesosd 1003 01 

2 Fen Sees Langqn ECZY SAQ 
01-509 IIIS 


JternwPtej. ftisuni B&1QJH 
0000 373393 

Am Grown 22 7 24 2 

Eawy Ftah Meenw 4(6 443 
EurapMun Drawn SS 373 
General Eqmy 373 400c 
OR 0 Fond fee GBi 29.7 313c 
G4I A FnM fete 245 158B 


it .'rsTS? 

Lcndan 6CSU6EU 

Energy Tnm 436 403 
Lkit* mcome 159 1 (682c 

Fmanoal 1M2 175 7 b 

G*1 Strategy 56 0 S77 

Growm hwwjiwi 268.1 3852 b 
I ncome l Growth 39* 4190 
Japanese A PacdK 177.1 1083 
Mn Amor Growth 1006 1070 
MO Rnouary 107.6 1184# 

■Ml K tcoray 
Smate Cos 
Special SB Acc 

?095 2323 
504 595B 
37*2 3959 

•07 546 
-OI 191 
-13 2.7* 
>0.1 432 
•29 033 
*01 887 
•03 1.70 
-81 157 
-01 531 
-13 (39 

Crawn House. Wokme GUK 1XW 
0406? 5033 

F*gh mcome Turn 237.4 3539 
Grawm nun 2172 25330 
American Trust 1371 i359b 

* :!5iS SSE 

e. Surrey RM2 0BL 
4J424 T 

PO 0o« 156. Beckenham. Kern 8R3 4X0 
01*056 9003 



Eoufer fewo m e 
Growth A few 

Fnw Cunwe 
Fuel Japan 
First N Amur 
-Fust Smate Co* 

545 502 
555 593 
557 590 
1133 1205 
012 653 
1014 1145 
936 990 
1010 1074 
97 9 940 

S 529B 


10 F enchuuai SL Lcndon EC3 
01-63) 0000 

UK mcome 486 513 

UK Grow* Acorn 40.4 515 

Do PM 484 &15 

European Orteh 499 53.1 

PKrtCGrOwei 53A 562 

4. Itende CmcanL 
031*236 3492 
American (M 
Capdal Fund 
Graaffi A few Fow 
Man DM Fund 
fegemaupnai Fund 

Planned km 
Eimoean kw 
Do icon 
Genera Me 
Do Actvn 
G* Trad me 
Do Acora 
Fk«i vraa me 
Do AcCtfO 
Japan kwc te 
Do Accun 
n American me 
Do Accum 
Pactkc Income 
De Accun 
Sn* Cos few 
Du Accun 

1379 1361 
85 0 CUB 
1043 1093B 
1535 I63QB 


1930 I8A7 
557 912B 


575 689 
1313 1380 
1473 155J 
795 143 
941 1002 

713 703 
9<2 100.7 

SS S 8 * 

384 41 0 

1713 1838c 
1455 1502 

Stub Jep CO* Fno 
Tokyo FuxJ 
(Ex| Amnia 
(Ert Japan (3) 

IE*) Pactfc (4) 

IW Smate jap HJ 

BM» Road. Ow— ( bi b. Qouc ew er 
0242 571311 

UK Balanced me 660 713# 
Do Accun 67 9 734# 

UK Grow* Accum MB au 
UK H«n me me 63.7 67 a 
N Amman Accun 64 4 887 b 
F ar Eastern Accum 969 (034# 
European Accun 111 77. 1 e 
UK GR A FI Inc 539 S75B 


74-79 Hukw P*ranM London ECJA 1JD 

01*500 7777 PeUkngW *6300471/1 TJonraQuOi 


Growth GR 59 4 003c *0.1 841 ! 

um Recovery 104 1 1110 -85 237 

Smate CO* 1421 1516 -01 129 

UK GteMk 303 313 -83 221 

ElVa tne 545 Ml# -0.1771 

GR 260 774# *01 777 

MC » Grown 194 I 2070 -0 6 430 

A4mm Conn. Heumn Haute. 78 V 
Road. Hanford RM1 5.8 

33 Founen $L Me 
Onl-236 5685 
EouMM Pefecan 


BG OHer Ghge Ydd 

Ffeyi"hw«i'Wrt« A") 002 ^w Til 

GettedH 523 MSB *01841 

T H & ri» Truer* 531 &S -05 234 

special Sds Trust 751 7»9 -08 2JS 

MFte TruM SLl K4 4U 1.71 

Far Eesnm Thai 837 Soa *04 05T 

IM (jrown 49 1 _5JJ *86 UN 


Si Gcerga Mm cnsn a fe ui i S> CBteR>T GUI 

ceSj 553531 

UK Growth AcCdm 144 T 1532 -04 339 

Dotnrtno lS» 1331 >00 330 

Hrawr me Acew 241 1 2508 -1.1402 

tlo Income t943 206.6 -09 807 

Qte/Fnfed Attipl 1012 1065 *02 367 

Oameoma^ 06* 91 1 *01 if7 

um Amt Tst Accun I3a3 1420 *03 039 

Far tear Tsi Aeopn 1525 IKS *23-041 

EUS TM Acapn 1450 1342 *03 134 

General TWt 331 7 7*64 396 

1 LauKMePwmyHA London (GSfBA 

BG DBb Chge mw? 


|0 eo» 442 32 S( feterBMW. London 0S3P 

01823 9333 

rt^imccmo 313 553# 657 

N Amur Trip IttS 1186 007 

rt^i rneomo 315 553# 

N Amur Tn/a Itta 1186 

Heemery • ?062 2194 

GR Trust 39.6 T 4ISC 

5 wneent Me 045 072. 

Si vrneem US om 184 01 7 

725 777 
1030 HI 1 
70.7 M2 
760 822 
60 1 725 
S75 0(3 
34 7 372 
725 776 

1 Lauenee flamy 
01*623 4600 
US Saute Cos 
Capra FyM 


Ovorft* M00"0 
Natora b» Raw 

European mete* 

KSSF 5 ***- 

Balanced GDI few 433 407 
Do Accum 44 0 474 

MeomoGm me 482 

Oo Aeon 422 445 

SI fw 

0732 3SKO 

Amencan 1815 1060 

tap §»Ry PMR 323 34ie 
Amur Specte Srts 49.7 532 
Far Etete 318 3J0 

OB AFtrnd W 388 322# 
Grown A Meone 96.1 iD2J 

Anra Special SO* 49.7 532 *04 157 

FoEtete 388 3*8 383 

G* 4 fixed W 388 322# 858 

Grown * mean* 961 1028 *80*81 

Japan Spmra S<* *63 48S KM 

J^n (346 1440# *20 

Managed M TM 1373 1*58 *1.0 801 

Mwteiu £M y KL5 868 +83 *77 

MaeteGH 332 354 +02 239 

Smith EteAM* TSt 282 302 *o3 043 

SPNd5B 1599 <720 443 058 

LCMDySq. LOiPnn £C3A 0AN 
Or >638 5050 

ssorwm is 

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8 London WUfl BMg*. l-OXfjr VRW. La"dpn 
01-029 5181 

Ante A Gen MC 232 0 2405 -81 053 

DO Accun 2370 2SZ.8 853 

Amur Tun*rn4 Me 207-0 Z?p2B 1 1S 

DO Accun 2148 SO# 1.15 

Coast TM few 2062 2198 >23 1.S3 

cFWte ^^ 8 . 


*Oa Accun 1714 1822B -8*4 41 

Mcome Thai nu 1242 -85 620 

Do Accun I»4 1302 >10 £» 

Ml Growth Fd Me 109 17*3 
Do Aram 1020 1030 *02 

Jmmi A (Sen Me 890 948 *1 0 809 

Do Aram 980 959 *IO 0.08 

Uoxtrdy HUM FO 81 6 MSB -03 LK, 
Reco-cr. (338 T422B -84 1.79 

Do Aram 14S5 1545# >84 I TT 

European Me 568 6&4 *82 081 

CMAceun $00 004 *02 055 

Scute Go* (fee 
Prei A GR 
Oil IhrM 

Food NM YfUJI 

GW 4 Heeouces 

J4PB1 Trust 

h(*c sorter Cm 

F^Jipl "THi^pi 

Ante Smate Cos 
An»r Beeotey TM 
»«0k tacemt EacMpi 
Sorter Cos Ewupt 

SSA 51 .B 


1*48 196.4 t -81 301 

1212 1298B *10 077 
1155 1228# **84 124 
3685 -15 250 

a l 3Q3( 953 

i 462 *81 747 

S34 675 -03 522 

880 M3 >83 4.77 
1172(24.7# . 2(0 

333 3558 *02 836 
2*2 381 -83 2.77 

1762 106.4 +33 306 

017 54.4 -fli 150 

(tehmg. Surer 

% SELF 5 r.I 35 

FP Fneeiro Dot 111s 1208 

Oo Accun 1292 1»5 

SMutedsn# DRI 1868 178.1 

^OAOCO" • 1713 101.1 



Capd# 3512 308 

Sraahc 1482 1H4B 

ItgR tm 7105 2213 

am Fleer 8 oeranfe te ga London 
01-203 2575 pertni OmS 9d 
UK Cap find MC 045 1012* 

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in menus 548 582- 990 

IB CapUl Oroum 5*9 585 ZOO 

M roM me m IpFnd 82 #J -81 340 


01-623 0000 

UK Cap find 
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US AGBtert 
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££ 7 rS? 


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845 1012* 
12A5 140 
70S 044 
MM 170* 
1832 ITU 
5*5 au 
637 982 
2147 2015 
1075 1152 
2295 244.4 
592 037 

EC3A aw 


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FMd few Tsl fed! ns 219 
Da Accun 245 205 

him vraa me 1333 131.3 *8 

DoAeano 2054 210 *1. 

fed Rfcrrmry me ToTi i0t5 *8 
Da Aram 1073 1142 ML 

Japan Grown fev 1025 1081 +1, 

60 Accum 1024 1045 *1.* 

Sm*te Cos tie isio 1735 
Do Accun 2125 224L7 

"mST* £! S 5 S' 

WM Tech few 393 413 -8 

Oo Accun 395 432 ML 


Pj^i^gn. CoohrtAro. ECZNTBE 

mcome Fold 434.1 0634c 

•Hunraora A Gen 017-2 9*2-1 


traced ESra 

Amencan Trim 004 

ArsMfean Tmrt 100 

Bnseti Tst Accra m o 

Do D*l 472 

CHmmeMu SH0>9 S05 


Far Easmm Trm 1381 

Find Interest Fra) 281 — — 

&a Trust 265 27.7# *81 956 

Oetra Fend AcQ/m 1889 1901 +33 071 

Oo Dot 161 9 1722 *32 821 

Gold Share Tiusl 10| 115 -ai 251 

Hedged Amman 297 315 *81 0J0 

Hte hcpni Trust MU 151.9* 307 

Hong Kang TrUM 2*5 289 *0 4 888 

Mcome Fund 742 795* -84 32S 

Mewanoe Agencies 64383 4839**47.13 154 
Japan Tryst 1586 1602# .*25 800 . 

Uanarad EzerafU 26*5 2795 -85 2.73 

0* iWfl TraR 309 33-1 *67 150 

SMOrt SB Trust 9£« M2 079 

lASwur CsHacTsI 705 755 144 

UtacMsteMSa.77 London WaJ. London ^?N 
10* . 

01-500 tt?0 

Mo Grown 789 843# *82 153 

Amencan Grown 835 <92# -81 OSS 

AdwteMMc 067 71.7 452 

Euoouan Grown JOU 2155 *89 827 

Gold Aj tete ad 34.6 372* -05 228 

Japan Gromn HKL5 1012# *83 

•1.7 229 
-24 236 
-81 810 
*43 127 
+i.i am 

1212 1283 *86 878 

1185 2113 -18 257 

777 8 297.8 -25 297 

1355 1443 +82 131 

2313 3462 «l2 0.13 

2616 2905* -17 142 
2073 220 8 -II 1.79 
2274 2*20* *?4 1.10 

Do feram* 59.6 65.7# 

&JOOOM 004 715* 

Fw.Easteh 1093 1183 

0« Trust 782 925 

fed I teHd • 77.7 S3I# 

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N Amfence n Tnw 782 013# 

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UK Qrowgi Fijnd 

1765 10.8 
3(4.7 3303 
485 £21 
533 &S 
1523 1M3 
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172.7 1837 
1813 104.1 
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132 995 
(023 1H4# 
1103 119.1# 

m 3 §5 

(912 544 

2807 J»7J 

rt-l 483 

>15 323 
- 353 

-81 233 
-04 522 

*03 0.19 
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+14 040 
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0392 52105 

General Tim> 417 442 -03 890 

mcome Tnw 36 7 393 -82 630 

MMOMC na l Trust 353 373# *04 0.70 

AmencM 323 343 *02 ZOO 

Japan 443 47.7c *04 150 

Truer 01 few 295 305 -81 230 


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MWWNMte,^ 680 734 *03 030 

HanteM «oi t % 1ZZ3 1386 46 040 

Harass Scaneun 783 835* -82 092 

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DO Accra 
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BalO income 
■Do fra" 


fetf Growlk Ms 


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♦801 173 
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0* Acaun 606 7 3229 -35 210 

UK M3TW1 Fw«pes 76.0 910 *0 1 154 

Bp ACtun 792 934 *81 1.*4 

Jsrai Perte man te 1422 151.6 -AS 051 
pe Aran uzj U22 41 aoi 

usspeaw FbaapM 673 73.1 -0.1 ai9 

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Qd Aran 304 41.7 -03 1.46 

USSpteNMc 075 613c A? 435 
OB Aran AT8 65 Sc -0 1 *35 

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Oo Accra 702 A?2 +85 1JM 

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01-2)4 5544 


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01-280 2960 

Be Rerun 
European Grown 
Oo Accra 
Do Accra 
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Do Accra 

Do Accra 
Do Accun 


SSS 2 S. 

■335 1<33 

980 (042 A3 

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505 537 AI 

523 581 A.l 

1?1J 1S5 +89 

1281 1313 +B5 

2372 2533 -05 

3955 4181 -L9 

992 963 +82 

992 1002 *82 

932 97 4 A4 

JOB 907 A3 

2?4 2514# +15 
2S2A 8114# +20 
1930 1945 +85 

1972 190.1 *85 

1845 2072 A3 

2060 &12-- A» 
219.4 228.1 e 
3)00 3470c 

Group Tron 
mu Tmn 

p1E7 1228 -04Q 390 

1245 131 I *04 UI 

a> fB*CMEB TRUBT»« f#>QE M E W 

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Mcome A Grown 615 02 AI 225 

meome a Grown 
mnm» Rec 
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Japan Grown 
European Qiqwpi 
UK Grown 
paokc Grown 
High hone 
Freese#! mc o me 

615 02 Alia 
815 072# A I 173 
3J.0 394 AI 800 
61 0 683 I 67 

SS2 634# 0.15 

539 67.7 OO 

525 662 £00 

333 35.7* A< 751 
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1331 1415 
1191 1267 

128f (334 
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1344 1331 
2154 031 I 


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MB Estes Got 
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267 4 2916 
1000 3013 
1430 1535 

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75 1 808 
536 575 

*14 879 
A I 437 
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1119 1200 
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987 103.7 

1795 1885 
1281 1382 
077 725a 
1095 1192* 

925# A2 457 

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01-478 3)77 

Uttarn Egudy 3957 4103 >33 330 

SrapMB - M3 - 950 AO a63 

Hoeom Comms 5 15 54 7# +82 0 65 

HObun Hnh Me SYS - 69.5* A 1 635 

Hetertl MT 969 T02O# +85 053 

raw . 971 1032 +12 BOS 

NWwi 785 002 AI 1.03 

Hatem 5p*c Sfes 616 4S5* AS 218 

Moeom UK Grown 79.1 64.1 A4 223 

Hafeon 9# Trurt 1081 19U +8S 240 

+12 855 
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Oo Accra 3085 3ZS2# ■ 

wdEnm® Res 132.4 T«i . 


13.4 1485 
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1930 2053 
1394 1492 

NC Site Ecrop CD'S 178? 181.0 

NC Ezente GH Cl 380 135.0 

NC Property 

01147 1219 

'(503 1002 

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12# +34 121 

1 AS 277 

5 A4 351 
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2 AI 159 

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Rate Merosi 
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2235 2275 
7160 7310 
1720 1755 
3745 3825* 
(990 1780 
1Z10 1240# 
2250 3315# 


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0742 7*9942 

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. DO Accra 142.0 1514 -15 330 

Extra Hgn me 595 B23# At 774 

Oo Accra 682 73-7* -Si 774 

GH 1 Fate Inc 5* 4 S80 AT 901 

OB Accra -023.328 *02 901 

Hra-VMI 1S30 1632 .+02 561 

D9 Accra '2595 2772 A3 551 

Mcaita 1075 178.6c -88 873 

Oo Accra ■ Z724 3503* -13 873 

JSBBl 1 Peowc 2035 3024 - At 807 

Oo Aram- 2972 317.0 *33 005 

N Amencan Mc 1115 1187 A I 126 

DO Accra -- IS3 *' U22 -82 126 

"Euro GM Mg 1118 1193 +86 1.19 

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Do Accra 1907 1710# 47 1 

Boh ham Thai ' 001 980* A2 4 
OO Accra 1062 1180# -ill 

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Oe Accra 597 0)5 +15 0 

Rmyi London House. Co/chesnr COi IRA 
0296 07(115 

Am ertc e n Orttel til 945# A2 050 

Cental Accra 1781 1074# .15 221 

oefferaiw 559 588# A3 877 

»gn Income 0(4 KT -+$2 801 

Income A Green '909 1055# -83 430 

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Spate Sh 1086 1186 *1 1 141 

S I 809 
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041 331 9252 

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Do Acc 283 301 +82 in 

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Do *«>r ' 3138 3333 


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A4 897 
-02 255 
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01-639 6011 

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01-508 3644 Ear 357 
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DO Accra 2S35 2705 

Do WM Wr i te 1587 199 1 

Auitrokan Fund 944 1085 

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Brrfesn Fund 592.7 631 J 

De Accra 7903 8583 

274.4 2924 
2809 3070 
3383 3514 
3319 3535 
1600 1784 

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Do Accra 2809 3070 A7 

Japan Fun) 3383 351 J +32 

Aram 331 9 3535 *32 

S«>a rip 1600 1780 


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N Am TWa! ACC 57 3 689 AI 

Fir Era TroM ACC 930 .984 A7 

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0204 S679B Dsdngs. 0264 6343204 

Amencan Me 
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1182 1Z37* 
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1340 1424 
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1874 170.1# 
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Amer Eegto 725 773# -04 003 

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COtenoddy - Ml 715 A* l.A 

Enaroy 30.1 324# A I 150 

Erju# 1230 133.1 -87 344 

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500 533 
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01-538 *701 
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536 570 
53 7 57 1 
491 M2 
589 541 
53 8 570 
*39 467 


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Sorter CO 5 6? 7 667 +04 0(0 

uemtM House. 2 

01-2*9 1250 

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Global -Tech 
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PW«Docfc London few 

M S > & h,c 

Oseu Orawtn 46 

Smoker Col §l 

Soete Qpps 73- 

(8 CrtUige M 8wM 

0272 7X9*1 
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Do Acc 63 

C S' W . g 

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Do Accra 678 

Far Eastern 189 

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Fm * Pro? 53 

. Do Accra 83' 


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Do Accra 177, 

HM1 Vtoto 53! 

Do Accra 119 

Meoma O* 

DO Accra 7331 

M Eramga D7I 

59 4 032* 
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492 53* 
230 254 
730 254 
46 8 50 2 
fill SSI 

fill SSI -02 333 
725 77 5c -02 191 

UK House. Cj 
0722 336242 
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in 2 1182# -07 
1533 1629# efl 
H35 1195* -02 

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Master Rotdofeo 
Do Accra 
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Oo Accra 
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Oo Accra 

1063 1962 
271 0 2893c 
2074 220 7 C 
2125 2256 
40 7 434# 
410 4)7 
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2054 2186* 
59 9 638 
599 638 
£5989 61 42# 
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1137 1210 
499 531 
499 531 

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01-929 1532 
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Japan Growth 
Smoi Companies 

Euopean Gt 

*01 209 
+03 *79 
+03 471 
*06 249 

It IS 

-83 303 
+01 149 
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*009 357 
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633 681# (90 

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fill 7S5B *04 070 
832 80S -03 SB 

1271 138 7 +31 0i0 
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354 310 >14 MO 

1276 1358 -05 376 

499 531# +06 130 
234 239 *05 160 

13 CharttlM So EOhBuflh 
031-225 1561 

Auurakan Goto IS? I€2 -07 015 

flfeehe Bepn 130 139 +02 020 

COnapan BN Get 56i 600 -09 097 

Qumu Mae Fnd «10l 1 1053# *03 790 

3 Money La EC2 86T 
01-606 908016 

9dDM0dlFM 6)4 605 +0 1 000 

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01-405 0331 

CBny 9 Equty 51 8 S54 779 

Mcrae. 527 SOU -01 5?2 

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AtMCP 11 


MHwny 114 

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ACrtUror ISO 

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Assoc Energy » 

ASO 200 

Ajitraurye 93 


arson 79 

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CCA Goeenea 77 

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CPS Cdng) 6 

CPU crao ao 


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rra+at tv 330 

Cejncery Secs M2 

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C"ra ueereds J 

OtoWixv W 253 

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Cm cape'll 90 

Cute Hoc per 155 

Gtogau Goto 3 

SJT (fel NdiR 32 

Coam Eimrodes 18 

CoMa Cmeratd 59 

Catomen toe 90 

Cone France! (53 

GORtosan 35 

Comuuna to* 

Cons (cm Mn 5) 

Cote Moran £90 

Cowelto 96 

CflM IX 

C+amj+ra 3*0 

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Cramwdk 106 

Craite IdCje W 

Crttw+i bid to 

OirJt 09 

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S T 173 

SM Atoms 80 

Dawpn X 

Dawes Itm 195 

DeanlDOteS 76 

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Debtor 114 

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Deem 13* 

ftxuninj Dec 85 

Duurty Ml"*" Jj 

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Drgeh 4X 

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Lara *3 

Ert~J Etoct OCteS MO 

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136 55 110 
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36 £5 145 
70 22169 

M 36*4.1 
IT 22 217 

29 Oafil 
5 7 391(9 

10 50 165 

57 12 81.7 

36 U 285 
2.1 1.1 144 

30 1 9 403 
74 39 100 

20 14 274 

39 3.1 153 


35 47 30 
A3 50 123 

S B 20 108 
4 105 34 

43 12 174 

10 14 78 

3* 27**0 

75 35 pmeto Inspec X 

37 22 OptcnroWC S 30 

2S3 180 Ojtxme A Lib)* 273 

- 35 23 Owners Abroad X' 

M3 65 ACT 113 

255 m Pacer System* 200 

79 58 ruafeitos 53 

159 ix flaranveia (55 

s« 2» ParwrodGo 5« 

52 ID flauiltllsa 50 

53 X P» wen 33 

*75 M3 Penny a pies t/i 

-IS? 80 FneOita IX 

148 83 Pencom 130 

x a p*rkxrj oj a 

200 iX Paras luehaef) mi 

27 16 Petrogan 19 

3« a - rtbaiTnera x 

.116 24 Pic( Art a 

73 31 Praante 68 

JB 69 PUPl terejr 95 

36 25 Ptomec 36 

176 ns Mawi ica 

793 (IS Fto RWpe IX 

245 120 PoHMChUarme 120 

5 2 mcoerty TM top 4 

5 2 DO ip 4 

308 151 Ouesra 253 

<3 i( Ramo Oly A 31 

49 X RoraOitM 43 

IX 85 R«« _ HS5 

40 14 flamca Ot 14 

105 96 fAm* 93 

59 « ReaiTime Control so 
43 19 Rrtam Motor 22 

190 70 Rwln ®1£ 173 

n S3 node A Hera 76 

19* US RuoraiG) 196 

09 (IS SAG 1(7 

120 X SenBeis Fhofo 94 

*9 19 Slppnre Pat 13 

13b TM Savage <26 

171 139 Seanb 140 

IS i3 iroTESura 170 

'St n 7 sSEfl” 'S 

3S0 171 SWMI 315 

XS 253 Sure Prog sirs 3*5 

70 88 Sntiddn Join 70 

« 5 gtororasec <7 

S SheMOOd Ccrap 20S 

180 110 Smeto 135 

10T SO Sgwex 53 

173 179 5m Carang 180 

S '* smter n«*a»l 198 

2® 131 aim food (90 

156 162 Smarter# 162 

131 86 SnradwSndge 106 

<2 34 . SourxnrjcU +0 

193 H3 Sex* Ous *57 

3t 12 Sw n e i e v cw y la 

KM 91 Space W an nxr q 102 

150 90 S«U« TIM lit 

H *8 Spectra Atpo 53 

fTSBT- § 

^ S SSSg"" &s 

’» (1 |rawa.»W 100 

2 II B ®° 31 

S3 SB Srasnana (ED a 

^ 110 tete^HOto 115 

2? IS Svtegse Cohsd IS 

235 IM T A S Stores BO 

200 110 TDS&rtMB 17D 

43 10 251 
21 65 92 
40 41 129 

a 60 03 
34 (42 
40 0.7 

» ^ 

21 10107 

4 7 25121 
330 £5 610 
1.7 01 60 
27 2*170 

29 67 146 

28 30 152. 
1.4 30 14 
44 2711Q 
24 £0 313 
64 4517.1 
28 3.1 II 4 
44 27 155 

nyi Ura Company 

ra yu 

Pnoe Oi ’ge pane* v Pff 

110 (10 Tart Force 
08 5? Tay Homes 

08 fi Tay Homes 125 

1*6 1(0 T«ai Far Bus n3 

3® '« Teen Com p Xb 

ZOS 136 Tnrarapum 140 


IX 70 drama* 130 

277 in Thera Soeonfec 343 

56 47 TrSSjPtao) 3 

It '§ WSscc H 

190 TX Trodi Promanon 145 

*?0 2X Trenchenwoo 480 

08 65 T*v> 75 

160 MO Tyne Tens A 255 

5 43 UtdCeramc » 

54$ 420 Um Chrarty . 54$ 

US 93 IMTlthH 98 

94 S Usner iFigwkf 96 

» s wsra n 

H8 75 Weber Been 105 

J 1* wepac is 

» a IMS* .YBrfeyiwa M 

98 43 verwnj food* SO 

*89 ISO Wirt#* 185 

-10 4 HMaeeSysi 10 

V 18 «Mem(Re#rt» 2) 

its 98 Vttngjto 1 TO 

90 48 Wen 5* 

i57 i5i wucesra 157 

220 155 wd ot Leader 190 

99 36 Wrtfl . 80 

4 4 Xyflyy 2004 

138 118 VrtBwk ara i Li 153 

53 32 rvwion 38 

97 X Vartr Mora it 

88 25 Yuli * looey M 

104 60 Ob 8-, noa 

2? <6 ^ygrtDynyracs 2* 

82 20170 
a . 61 

48 10.7 U2 

08 36 150 

10 71 04 

75 61 150 

*? 29 50 147 

- ,U 
o.i at • 

• , 29 39 It 

• *5 06-24 161 

*1 21 '1*202 

■ -4 21 '37 243 


>2 43 24 170 

• - 62 4 1 11.4 

• " 24 22160 . 

43 ZS 140 
29 28 19-9 

-10 S3 10 <0.1 
. 29 09 X4 

+3 60 85 OO 

r -' 11 £3 193 

•*S 43 21 247 


09 10 50 

• 57 28 190 
70 II 12J 

• *2 40 £1 1£9 

51 3.1 151 

-2 29 27 120 

1.7 40 11 ■ 
•-2 43 2.7 SO 

+1 50 

£8 £5 167 

*?- £9 5.0 a.i 

16 60 63 
e 34 

• +1 40 43 M.1 

*3 . 4.7 69 II ( 

• *2'. 60 30240 

■ *? 290 £9 223 

+ . 6S.8 

44 74 205 


, 21 (.1034 , 

*5 43 19 248 

*2 20 17 70 i 

^ £4 20 210 

23 £3 182 ! 
50 S3 180 
*3 7.7 'IB M3 

*3b 13 440 
21 10 134 

29. 21 *5.4 



1.5 270 


48 12.6 

4 1b 80 7.4 



38 £46 



4 0 31? 



1.6 220 



21 140 


7 * ES 





SO 48 







Z7 07 


Jl 178 
26 132 




U «2 

zee 65 19s 




1.3 S3 ISO 
20 23169 
II 1.7 571 
-79 50(64 
38 19 205 

27 40 (£5 

23 10222 
19 30288 

Amer Tn/Sl 
Ang Amer Sec 
Attoime Assets 

e> teats SS' 

Br EmoveSac 3 
Br Iw. 423 

■nxiror 91 

Creeerat Jraan 2T2 
Derby *ts - - .157 

Do G*c 12* 

ftayrai Cone 320 

groywi *ra East 170 
groyion Japan toi 
D utoe* Lon (99 

Era antra Asset ua 

Bmane Gen 352 

En gi rt Mr 1ST 
Enghrt Scot S3 

F9^A»*nee ill 
F * C Paote XT 
F+St Sder-Amcr 310 
Fda Ctn Gen 75 
nimmg Amencw 5» 

Fto nteg Gtoera 1S7 

Remmg Eramrse 310 

nerragj^S^ 6*0 
nerrvng Merc a ntile lii 

SS 3 SE 54 * IS 

Ftonwg (flrarassi 385 
<®c crao# 9? 
g^xms “ 

Ganera Cans 
Oaioow Stock 

Goveg Strategy 



SUGM (Fro* C. CaartOnra) 


AO0 134.6-34 G 

Oct 1402-40.0 

Dec t4O04SJJ 

March 157.0-500 

May 161*502 

Ain 1S50-€4^ 

Vofc 2534 

3ib 29 422 
290 39 300 

is nm 

03 03 733 
30b 34 430 
1.5b 06 
S . 40 310 
07 .-'10 534 
2)7 5.1 272 

1Z0. 70107 

(40 46 310 
10 09 
(4 02 

600 40X4 
09 09737 

47 34 412 
64 10990 

M 35439 
ZO 22539 
£o n«j 
20 23580 
£1 10 77.S 

143 40 X5 
87 11.6 83 
82 1.6 8S2 

74 443J1 
(29 40 So 
14 11 

38 ■ £7 S£» 

5.7 09 

5* 32 <1 1 

39 28590 


2.1 24 *01 

10b I*’ 

Z9 17880 
1700 50 289 

U Va%% 

61 24 614 

£4 07 

togk Lra GOmpany 

S fcsss""** 

353 Hi A 
5*0 Muramsuera. 

53- wSwon^Sner 

no ntmeno sees 

. Grans - 
dt* YU 

Pnce Pi pe pracc *w fl/E 

• -20 §9 23323 

• „ 6* 34 367 

• *1 34 30 405 


H-gh Law Company 

Tfl City Ot Lon DU 107 
TR IM 8 Gen IK 

TO Natml Res 219 
TR North Amerce 90 
tr flsohe Bara «9 

1M Ira Oebaobee 

69 LOP yeronra 39C 
. 81 Ion ThM 
102 Merananij 
151 Mra## - 

1 79 Murray (W 

215 SSpSrSMM 

■8 mxr* 


& 2 TW 3 

278 MtAsaneeScc 
a Wi 5ea Assets 

279 Win Amer 
1*5 Oahtroh 

99 Itoohe Arams 
31 De Wrros 
77 AAreo nei Assad 
X8 Raecun 
UT Mite 
219 Rnror flute 
207 Rebec# 
roi Bowieo 
367 Romney 
11 nororno 
1*8 51 A n o ra e tt 

X7 Scocan 
273 Sew Amencan 
M foot E+Jtem 
3#& $cw Marc A 
eg? Scot M«e 

2« fwiy 

WO Seccno Aftance 
80 ' Sac Of Scotland 


82 TR Austero 

■+1 ' 90 


-1 1 1 


• 37 

-1 77n 

■ -? 7 ib 

*3 Un 

-3 102b 

-• 213 

67 ! 

• 40 

* ii 1 

-2 07 

+J 770 


-( 10 

TR T«Ji 
TR Trustees 
Temple Bar 

Thorrononon 382 
Thraj Secured Cap 383 

Trans Oceanc 195 
d«gne 138 

Tnptwna tnc 81 

U5 Detraroxe 269 


Wn ra pe t iar u Egy t06 
warn ^ 194 
Yeoman 352 

Tnphcvraf Inc 

u& Drararon 

dm YW 

Qige pence V P/E 

56b 52X0 
-f 5 7 3 1 40 2 

• +2 118 34 235 

+ 1 26 29 4*7 

*2 I* 5a 

• 57 32 397 

-1 25 20 496 

630 39 374 
810 5*264 

• -2 11 Bb 42X7 

-a 55 28409 

• 40 31 3S7 

150 17.3 03 

93 35 527 

• *1 290 85 167 

23 38 41 7 
33 31 451 

• -I 48 34 560 

+2 151b 43 363 


05 13 

17 1 4 4 390 

f bb 53X0 
I 40280 

•I '4 6b 94 466 
(* 00 25 SO 7 

:? S-SSJ 

„ XO 83 190 
-2 izr £4 548 
-1 72 25 530 

2*6n 11333 

•1 390 40 x i 

£0 20550 
08 13 

-1 33 39 300 

Ammon Eagres* 

Bmama Arrow 

Orty Mm 
Do A 

Eng Tigsl 
Ezra 214 

Exptorafion 101 


Goodn ID 8 Ml 
ttonoeis on AOBM 

Men am wn House 
Prate Mv tsi 
_tto Warrants 
Eraon New Court 

1 1* 30jJ« 

00 43 183 

• 700 37 134 

• 70 0 3 8 129 

• -1 5.9 4 2 323 

*0 33 169 
*3 60 £8 13* 

33 33 133 
93 12 348 

8 4 7.4 93 

♦t ?s 21332 

9 179 21 157. 

1290 70 75 
-b 220 61 98 

-5 61 20298 

189 44 00 

• 00 00 

#*1 too 64 71 


28 = 






— 1885-55' 

— 187W8 
_ 1322-20 

— 1322-20 

— 195840 
_ 1873-70 



1 305-29 i 








Ot&cml Turnover figures 
Price in gpermtrtc tow# 
drtfrabipewm per Troy unu. report 


CRSti S965-B995 

ThfeeMortlrt— 91&091&5 

W 4800 

Tons — .— Steady 


Ml --. 87QJWKM 

Tlrttert Months 893D-895JJ 

Vol : 1__ 250 

Tone .Quirt 


CJSli 25DJMS1.0 

Thrw Months — 2SWWS15 

VW -1500 

Tone — Steady 



Vd .TT feii 

Tiw _frte 


SS? 54EO«7D 

tJwwMonjhs 5444M45D 

VOI — : — : TOO 

Ten# Quiet 


Craft ; 33grj-337.o 

Jjre«Monttia_ wmo 

Voi m 

Tone- — Quiet 


Cmh — 

Throe Months 





Three Montes 


Tone — 

- 340-3450 








Vtf 74f) 

Tone Steadier 



Avanfe (Htttertt priem #t 

npraMRtitiiro Mrirota on 

9743c Mrtg* 

S® 5 ®***P IK.Wp per kg #st 



Crtle no*, daen 7.3%. aw#. 

' p-pcrUa 

*J*oWi Open apse 

& =ffl 

S = ;:ss 

*n — 102.31 

Frt irajx 



May Unq 

JlRM linn 

live CatDe Contract 

“w* open dose 


SW 9150 

0« ~ 9950 

rrOV 10050 

Jgj* 99.00 

s . = 88 

'™ n « 9900 




urouh Bartey 

sST Owe 

*™P* 101^) 10100 

•*» 10400 10405 

jfeU iotS 

“®Ol 106.60 (09,40 

1 12.00 1 (005 



— : 


£ per tonne 

Monte Open Ctose 

Nov 118.00 11800 

PoP. 13200 13200 

Ap*« 19700 19530 

M«y 206.00 205-50 

NOV 8100 07.50 

Vofc 1612 


KPMS10 per into point 

WghARw Chna 
J« » 557.0-5670 5670 

0«8| 640.0-6*00 6470 

S952 <a4 ' D 

7400-7400 740.0 

57 6S5. 0-6850 6850 

00 87 775,0775.0 7750 

— SI 


Open Intfiftet 2206 


1 J », Oom 

JW« 1^-1025 1025.0 

AU9 86 980960 9»0 

SapB| 10370 

Dee|6 (0370 

“^87 1O»0 

Jun 87 if OQ.O 

Voh lOiots 

Open teMrofii #6 

1K90 up 60 on 23J7/S6 
CHtf cargo mdat 
5670 down l0on23/7/B6 



Equities retreat 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on July 14. Dealings end today. §Contango day Monday. 

§Forwaid bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Settlement day August 4. 


**9i Low Compwiy 

<*v YU 

'War Oi'ga ptm a»- P/E 

Suffs Pwienes 


Paper J*rmuAdv 

Industrials S2 


• W0 MM«UW m 9*1 

380 260 Hof Bnk OfSeet 322 -4 

M 5 senoon EC’ 

89* 419 Sand Chan 7S* -3 

818 613 Unm 888 +5 

n 43 WMBFvgo £59. 

«0 235 Wrtruat aSS 

7.1 SB S3 
M3 44 93 
raj 31 TZO 
90.06 U 913 
SU 73 703 


383 348 
840 620 
66 38 

144 86 

S2S 375 
182 147 
MO 405 
515 *10 
970 640' 
20* 165 
8*3 183 
398 Z75 

514 *06 

. fit SS 

159 155 

am i73 ‘ 

■114 77 
251 277 
2*8 .131 
234 163 
540 353 ' 
316 223 
318 228 

25i 188 
SO *1Q 
318 195 

MU-lyons 329 

Ba» 755 

Bejhavwi 58 

BocMxvjBos 125 

Sw (MatWm) 525 

Bumar (HP) 161 

BuiCTwood Bnwv 550 
CtortfMamtw) 505 

DMMli u A)- ,955 

OM MWs 10* 

erosions ■a* 

dm 313 

Hardys & Hansons 514 

Wgmand Owl 73 

b^«taD« 156' 

Mtrtton Thempsn 1D7 
Morland 3*4 

SA Dr wwSW W - 1M 

SC01 S New 188 

VScn 378 

Whttnai'A 268 


WMtWl tor 218 

WOkwMptn ID 5*1 

Yong A 270 

10-0 S3 113 . 
16.4 43145 
■n.1 4.1 12.A 
11.1 4.1 124 
106 4J210 
12.7 23 193 

103 33 108 


Return^ I Industrials L-R 

Useful I Leisure 

07 68 293 
43 43 153 

Please fce sure to bdteaccoont 
of any minus signs 

-• Weekly Dividend 


38 9* . 

102 100L 

103 95’. 

100 - 93'. 
97- 92'. 
101- 97*. 
96 93. 

lOr. 95r i 
97'. 90'. 
«W 97'. 
99 ■ 

jf. r 

M2. M'V 

w- «■ 


JO* 83* 

wr- 94*. 

OK'. 78. 

• 88’- 83 V 

rl 08' 

103'. .,92'. 
SB 82-. 
914’ 103*. 
*T3‘. IDO' 
S3 78. 
100 - 88 . 
106'i W*. 




AXZD NRf Oearer 


* -V 


*2 .. 



A ted CoAnds 


• *■1 

: 3« 

13 21.1 







20 18.1 



Anchor OwotM 




25 IIS 





• +1 


43 182 



Bayer DM50 




8.1 .. 



Bfegden ■ - 



84 184 



Bam cnems 



4.1 183 



Br 8*raol 


.. 165 





4.7 181 



CoaMa _ 


• -2 


38 112 



Crmae firm 




4 0 185 



Do A 



44 95 



Cory (Horace) 




51 S3 






85 160 



Do DM 



. .13.1 






*5 143 













5 4 87 



Hafstsad (James) 




4 2 115 







52 105 








ano Chem bid 




48 118 







33 149 





• . 







1.7 19.1 



Rnabrwk Hbjgs 



44 9.4 







24 178 















.. 738 


b r 







270 176 Anjpa TV -A 230 .. • 

52 27 Gramowo .m 

2*0 176 HTV NfJ 220 

368 283 LWTWOQ* - 846 

.250 188 Scot TVA 333 

280 153 TVS N/V 343 • 

46 31 TSW 45 . . 

.109 53101 
Z9 60 69 
.. 11.4 52 10 0 

..21.0 82 109 
...J5.0 45 109 

125 .50116 
26 SO 12.4 



21 40 

2.1 06 
2.4 3B 
30. 38 

30 37 

27 IS 
•31 35 

30 . 05 

30 15 

30 Of 

31 34 





35 7.4 



. 394 






* - 








67 110 




49 90 



52 74 





27 233 








46 157 



139 , 



• - 


*56 . 



49 113 


+4 . 













70 90 




35 133 



103a 45 95 



54 78 





3 7 202 



67 132 




35 105 



250b £2 85 







6 7 20.1 






5* S3 



54 8B 



• G 118 



30 137 
































17 1 








































18 243 

. 95 



13 3*2 


33 105 



20 17.1 


3fie 22 . 



33 1*5 


398 180 AB Bad 357 -3 

181 120 Mpnanwe MS 

171 36 AmsMO 114 i -4 

99 50 /pncdCMum 50 -6 

96 63 Aden 96 *2 

3DQ 205 AMnccCOnu 270 

58 *6 Auao FUMIy » *2 

220 i«0 Au» fine 185-8 

370 WO WC 265 -8 

1JI 64 BSJt BO -3 

114 31 266 

21 IS 17 D 
03 03*02 
056 10 39 

36 13 86 

17 6 

21 11126 
1ST 59 150 
24 30 S3 

ms 79 
280 182 
ti? ‘ IS 
19 11’ 
1S2 64 

738 568 
318 213 
2*3 183 
57 37 

225 149 
362 203 
343 750 
266 140 

79 82 
190 147 

52 3’ 
.365 262 
U 37 
212 162 
445 370 
85 46 

62 42 

337 237 
3?0 255 
253 150 ' 
TSS 108 
■S3 SS 

226 35a 

160 90 
114 84 

163 50 
3S8 230 
2*3 175 
290 85 

323 233 
219 124 
423 270 
178 126 
433 210 

82 51*. 
250 115 
38 33 

65 48 

313 2*1'. 
106' 81 
48 16 

580 383 
32 16 

16*’. 726 
17* 73'. 
2S0 ISO 
190 120 
246 162 
2*^ IS' 
158 116 
45 22 

234 ISO 
488 158 
615 446 
152 74 

54 31'/ 
168 96 

216 1*2 

'134 3 

16* 13V 
253 170 
125 44 
529 374 
250 170 
360 225 
318 206 
273 185 . 
ISO. 116 . 

Bpwdwpa 525 

BrTetocom 182 

Brawn Bowl Ken 103 

Carnap Bee 

Cflfcnde ' 

Op 7' CPF 
Cny Bea 

Dan Bed 
DeMjunt A ' 

OoMOna S UjH 

Fan* Beet 

Fenane . 

Pbaacrf Tacft 

int Sana 8 ComtfZH 
Jones SVDUd 243 

Koaa 275 

ue Refr g ttucn 250 
Loses 212 

w BKt . 380 

Macro 4 176 

Maermc 210 

Merc 98 57 

Micro Focus ia 

Uunonc Eject ■ 38 
Murrey Bed *3 

Newnirt; (lam) 306 

N6J ■ 9* 

Octoaa 16 

Ortord Mni ni a 541 
Racora . • . 27 - 

Pn*OS Rri S'.N - C126 

52 “ 

Do -a ua vamp iso 

^oiffi loR 25 .' EHV 

Pieceec • " Oi 

Oueei Aufcmadon 27 

Rica BKt 170 

Rotaflae . 478 

SdtdtolQH) 590 

SOorrodl 139 

Sam MfciSan 38*. 

SIC 16* 

Stone Utr - 185 

Sgamcnpna* ^ 

Tefephone Rentals 205 

T uUw e j 46 

Thom EMI 444 

Thome ff*o 250 

100 19191 
T07 59 106 
43 43 93 

01 07 21 1 

06 OB 04 
136 2.1 17.4 
108 48 129 

2.1 1.1- . 


2.1 07 157 
46 14 SB 
65 30 13.1 
84 102 209 
10 06 . 

13 4.4 78 
28 08 224 
2.1 5.71 IB. 

41 24 >28 
89 24 MO 
ID 19 853 
48. 92 109 
89b .11 161 
69 24151 
11 . za 151 
24 31 f7.1 

07 L7I7.1 
61 13115 

82a 66 104 
38 43 108 
1.7. '34 69 
10 04 . 

12.1 50 3* 

17.10 62 574 
179 72 9 7 

14* 07 229 
15* 43 13.1 
1.4 09 27.1 

*3 29 182 

0.7 '12 9. 0 

4.0a 108 208 
0.1 n 02 1. 
193 09 149 

73 BQ 135 

1.1 69 32 

2 6 0 5 235 

IS 59 13* 
STS'. 49 

75 ■ 31 lit” 
73 4.7 9J 
72 35 131 









*« P/E 



Cfeyttn Son 



71 94 



Ceben lAi 





Caere* Ob 


7 t 

37 148 



Consumed Tech 







53 1*4 



Cam Sutonery 




24 117 



Cook (Wm) 


• + 10 


31 MB 



Cook «r 



11 1 

24 124 



Cooson (F) 



30 393 






4 5 159 



Courmay PdM 
Cowan Da Groot 


31 13.1 






55 Hi 





*4 126 



Crown Rouia 




57 112 

218' 137 

Cimmms 3- «• 










19 . 

. 315 





00 371 













DnH & Mel A 

. 2J6 


Danes 8 .Hdwnjsn 


• r6 


6.1 76 





dTL Rua 





50 96 







40 9* 



Dersane Sianena' 260 



44 131 








Or tie Heat 



3.4 T9.7 







36 121 

Dotnon Pert 









• 122 


Domnon fat 
















66 209 

77 180 

w an a n S e l ec ti on 77 -1 ••*□ 

wStworth Boo . rn: 22 

' IMicleeea Htmg 260 BJ 


2*6 22S Abngworm 225 

184 128 A4k*n Hume 136 

715 2S6 Amofagaam ' SSO 
205 110 BerSvTecti 20S +* 

» 18 Canada OB - -1 

253 .194 Qmdovar 254 

43 IB C hn oeaey 82 

29*. 17 Equcy & Gal 27*. 

1B5 08 Myy A Sane 138 

tfl* 153 UtM 184 

78 62 Ns Hotne Loans 63 

95 ao DO rv £8*'. *1 

14 m Mewmalt a MS 

16 06 .. 
.. 108 7J 59 

. . 278b 42 34 


-1 171 18 702 

.. 37 22 40.1 

-■/ 19 82 237 

.. 69 *9 1B9 

89b 48 264 

iltatti appear oa Psg» 20 

L-R-:»v: i 

433 328 Grand Ma 371 -2 

296 208 Kecnady Bmotae 218 -2 

39i 312 L300n>a 336 -2 

545 4*7 Lon Pan HoMs 522 

100 7»'r Mote* CnartooB 87*. 

105' .67 Pmca 01 W Hoafe 86 
. 79 56V Quean* Moat EB\ 

. 405 370 Savor Hoafe 'A 370 , . 

61 56 Safes 6* ■ . ... 

: 209 M6 TfuMhouee Fbiw 153 +1 



138 39124 
21 19 113 

131 48 16.1 

14J 27 159 
2J 2 3 144 
21 ’ 24 159 
23 33 152 
50 1.4 MJ 

16 26-156 
79 52 132 


1 78 



































289. 138 

455 . 363 































15 1 



«2 19 





















174 .1*7 

























































































137 -3 

47 123 

196 -1 


49 21 1 


8 2 

72 128 

598 -3 


28 MO 



68 9 7 



20 143 

325 -ID 


20 193 


250 • 


48 11.8 

IBS • 


4.6 102 



14 85 



13 124 





1 .. 421 

348 *ao 


33 .. 

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32 109 

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310 -3 


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325 *4 


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230 T73 
135 98 

77 ’58*. 
227 1S6 
233 134 
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396 306 
M» • 84 
■ 50' 32 
160 ttl 
79 43 
288 165 
125 76 
895 415 
79 52 
B6 66 
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85 65 
805 525 
194 126 
91 55 
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125 70 

ran 163 

318 212 
42 - 20*. 

216 158 
41 28 

1SJ 92 
HB- 88 
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258- 203 ’ 
446 247 
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960 525 
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520 1*0 
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190 119 
158 123 
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518 345 
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MtorthrsPnarra 368 

Uadarbne 137 

UMela><raW) 63 

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Men cnana-Shsi 665 

8ewen e» Bn»» 63 
Mvfg 71 

UMM (LoKfey) 118 

H em h a ti uw 72 

Mem aox 710 

MetaCueaes 1*1 

Metaeax 80 

Una Cotts 60 v 

M U M Somers 115 

Mo*» 175 

Morian CmcWi 258 

weanaa i d 3*'. 

Na*MJ) 168 

Newman aids 36 

Nevnan Tonka 1*9 - 

Notsa 8 Lena 132 

NOKM 46 

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Otto Elea Meeb 220..' 
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Part Pto 330. *. 

p»r*n JT - 960 

P-E tnB 173 

Pasnon 511 

Peek 19 

Peeress 123 

HtfatJmantoy 622 

P a n e e ng Ind *20 

PixxoMe ri2 

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Pla«Jc Constr 77 

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Portw Oadtxm 300 

Powe* Wtw . 276 

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Pntcnard Ser* 117 i 

RHP 18* 

Radon Metal iso 

Rank Om 46* ' 

Ranscme Sens 166 

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Reek*i A Cootsin BO* 

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Rauiera *88 

Rawnora V: 

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Roeenson Res 96 

Roomson (Thornas) 325 
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133 23 


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Claims required for 
+40 points 

Claimants shonld ring 0254-53272 

1 22 











01 812 





• -2 


2.1 14 9 



Tamar & immS 



1QJB 54 7 7 

' 261 





30 112 







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Waterford Glass 




16 175 ■ 







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58106 1 



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17 1 

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1500 39 187 

36 53 172 





1 4e 35 131 



Woodhouse & Ax 




54 11J 



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2 6D 41-127 



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34 14.1 



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4 4 19 7 




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273 168 
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298 23* 

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BramaU (COl 294 ’ . -3 ill 3816.1 

Br Afirowace • 466 -7- 22 6 *B SB 

Br Car Auaans 124 • 5 0 40 13.6 

Celtvns 2S • 79 35 

Com (IT 164 -i 50 27 B5 

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Dowry 218 *13 73 33 168 

ERF 88-3 .5* 

FR GrDLp 312 4.6 15 2D9 

Ford Moror 789 -1 70 37 . 

Gaies (Frjifc G) 78 .*3 5.7 05 

General Maw 2*5 -6 25.0 102 

Gfenf** Lawrence 88 -2 

Croud Lotus IS ... 4»* 

Hanwefe 95 • .38 4011.7 

Honda Motor 445 *1I . 18 00 . 

Jaguar 515 *8 T23 24 106 

JasHOS 127 , 61 43 96 

.Km\-F* 106 . 30 2S150 

Lei 307 . -3 15 1 49 174 

i Lookers 163 . 76 * 7 10.4 

Lucas 548 .-15 15.7 ..£9 110 

Perry # 122 . 6* .53 >13 

Rancns cGB) 69 • 5* 939* 

■Ouck iKJI • .82 ... . 4 1 50 115 

Rover 38 ... 

Srprs 60 -2 31 53115 

.Woodhead (Joust 57 -1 *1.4 25 100 

Assoc Br Pons 263 -13 7.1 

Br Commonwealth 25B -8 71 

Cakaxma 233 e-5 71 

FrSMf (James) 72 -1 4 7 

Gr 3X> .520 ?]« 

Jacoos (JD . 72 5.1 

Lyte 7 *2 

Mersey Docks 3* 

Ocean Transport . 2i7 -2 S3 

Ptow 483 -7 22.9 

Buncmw (Water) i*o 7 1 

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-2 S3 
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360 290 Fn 325 

206 152 Gamar Bcwfi 15* 

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2i8 168 Lameen Howanh IS 

82 68 MenDOtl & BnrlCU 76 

114 82 Prttara 106 

157 118 Strong 8 Posner iso 

273 158 Sfyto 223 


260 IBS 




33 14 4 

358 220 

Assoc Newspaoar 




20 171 

315 C80 

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505 <50 

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383 305 

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26 208 

3TO 330 

Haynes PUDastong 



56 188 

238' 85 

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360 163 





569 40* 

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OtTPer Energy 


431 306 BAT 

167 127 Hcmmans B 

174 4.4 102 
95 fit- 55 

• Ex dividend a Ex ffl b Forecast dividend • Marm 
payment passed f Price at suspfiftsian g Dwidend and 
ywd exdude a dpeobi payment k Pre-merger figures n 
Forecast eanhftgs o Ex other r Ex ngits s Ex scrip er 
share spbt i Tax-froe . . No sgrifeant dstt. 







An hour behind the wheel is more persuasive than 

words can ever be. 

There is nothing quite like driving 
a Rolls-Royce. 

If you would like to experience a 
new Rolls-Royce first hand, one of the 
dealers listed below will be pleased to 

arrange a test drive for you. 

A brief glance at the classified 
pages will also give you some idea of 
the Rolls-Royce and Bentley motor 
cars available for resale. 


Hadley Green Garage 

Paul Green 01-440 8252 


Amen ol Bournemouth 

Ron Norton (02021570575 


Bnstol Motor Company 
Uichaol l Karat* (0272) 265491 


John Hubbard (0222) 592363 


S. P. Broughton 

Bob Durians (0242) 579552 


Hertys (Midland) 

Pour Todd (0244)313901 


Evans HaJsftaw 

Roger Smith (0384)53201 


Murray Motor Co. 

Georoo Paterson 031-685 3838 


Romans ol Famham 

Peter Parker (0252)727070 


GaukJs ot Glasgow 

Martin Shaw 041-882 3381 


H. R. Owen 

Julian Curs 01-9987691 


Wadham Stringer 

Benn Boyce (0483)85207 


Si. Heller Garages 

Peter Moon (0534)31341 


Apoteyard Rtppan 
John Thurtand (0532)432731 
Michael Powtes 
Jack Barclay 

Malcolm Sargent 01-6297444 

Mann Egertan 

Paul Farrnil 01-499 8342 

H. R. Owen. Bentley Centre 
ATI Sperling 01-629 9060 

H R Qw on 

Raymond Estall Ol -684 8451 


Lex Mead Maidsntwed 

Tony Goenefl (0628)33188 

Dutlon-Focshaw Kent 
TrmSIggs (0622)65481 

Strattons (Wtmstow) 

Derek Portly (0625)532806 

Mann Egertan 

Anthony fees (0603)628383 

Mann Egenon 

Flay Husktsson (0602)780730' 

Grassrcks Garaoe 

James D. Daigkesh (0738)25461 


Dutton-FOrshaw North West 
Martin Potts (0772) 22111 


Harwoods ofF^ilborough 

Neal Clarke (07982)2407 

Hen lys (West) 

David Johnson (0722)335251 

(0742) 7S1141 

Cofln Barker 

Evans Halshaw 


(0727) 681522' 

SMAC Group 

MicNael Gotdsmtth (0702) 582233 


H. A-Fdx 

Evan Bradshaw (0803)24321 


Mika ARan (0783)842842 

Weybridge AuiomoMes 
Keith Hopidns (0932)49225 


Offered exclusively by the authorised Rolls-Royce and Bentley dealers of Great Britain. 

No cover-up; blit tjreen is 

criticized over Unimar 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry yesterday pub- 
lished its 88-page interim 
report into the scandal at 
Lloyd’s insurance market 
known as the PCW affair. 

The report deals with 
Unimar Panama, a company 
incorporated in Panama into 
which more than Si million 
was paid from PCW 
syndics lesJt was beneficially 
owned by Mr John Nadi, a 
□on-executive director or SG 
Warburg, the merchant bank, 
and members of Mr Nash's 
and had a bank account in 

The report conducted by 
DTT inspectors ' Mr Peter 
DuBiiissdri and Mr Stewart 
Boyd QC concluded that Sir 
Peter Green, former chairman 
of Lloyd's insurance market 
who conducted a personal 
inquiry into the Unimar affair 
in early 1982, had not been 
guilty of a cover-up, although 
it criticized Sir Peter for his 
conclusions. Sir Peter found 
no evidence of dishonesty on 

for truthfulness 
of documents’ 

the part of anyone connected 
with the Unimar transactions. 

The inspectors found Mr 
David d'Ambrumenii, a 
Lloyd's broker and an old 
friend of Mr -Peter Cameron- 
Webb who founded the PCW 
syndicates, dishonest and in 
serious breach of his duly as a 

They concluded that Mr 
Nash showed “an irresponsi- 
ble disregard for the truthful- 
ness of documents" but that 
he did not act dishonestly. 

Mr Cameron-Webb was 
found to have acted dishonest- 
ly and in “dear and serious 
breach of his duty as an 
underwriting agent to the 
names on the relevant 
syndicates". . 

Mr Peter Dixon, who suc- 
ceeded Mr Cameron-Webb as 
chairman of PCW underwrit- 
ing agencies and who has been 
fined £1 million by Lloyd’s for 

Sir Peter: “should have 

handed inquiry over" 

his part in the PCW affair, was 
also found to have acted 
dishonestly and in serious 
breach of his duty to the 

The DTI report traces in 
detail how 10 per cent of 
reinsurance premiums from 
PCW syndicates were paid to 
Unimar between 1978 and 
1981, via Seascope Insurance 
Services, the Lloyd's broker 
where Mr d’Ambrumenii was 
chairman and chief executive. 
Unimar, in return, was sup- 
pored to generate business for 
the syndicates, although in 
foci it never did. 

The report pointed out tbat 
the . formal treaty wording 
showed a 10 per cent overrid- 
in&com mission, which should 
have been deducted from the 
premium paid by the syndi- 
cates to reinsurers, whereas in 
practice the syndicates paid 
the 10 per cent to Seascope 
which paid it on to Unimar 
Panama's bank account at Les 
Fils Creyfus & Ge in Basle, 

“This divergence between 
what should have happened 
and what did in fact happen 
led a number of people within 
Seascope to question why the 
money was being paid away 
and to suspect it was being 
paid away for some improper 

Sir Peter Green in a letter to 
Mr Peter Dixon on February 
26, 1982 said: “ I feel bound to 


ncreased sales i 


produce a lift in 
operating profit 

Higher volume, tight control of costs and ; 
improved factory utilisation produced an - ' r - 
advance in operatingpro&t-and an increased 

□ The Aerospace Division is benefiting from a 
number of new civil aircraft whilst the military 
business is strong both at home and in 

the USA. 

□ The Electronics Division isjnaking 
considerable progres£irrtiie defence field both- 
underwater arid in rrussilesysterris'. Grdwthls” 
also rapid in information technology. 

O The Mining Division had success overseas 
and is entering a number of new product fields. 

□ The Industrial Division has improved its 
competitiveness and is repositioning itself into 
areas of higher technology. 

Results in Brief 




£5 19m 

£46 3m 

Trading profit . 



Profit before tax 


£44. 2m 

Order book 


£45 3m 

Earnings per share 



Dividend per share 


5. Op 

Dividend cover 



/ 9S5 fib Ripcirt diiJ Aiwuntt ivill he available from 
The Secretary. Dihvtv Group PLC Gititmlwin. 
G/iiifiiMiTsJinr on Monday 1st September 1986. 


Dowty Group PLC 

Arle Court. Cheltenham, 
Gloucestershire. England 
Telephone: Cheltenham C0242) 52141L 

• EATON CORP: Net income 
for second quarter of 1986 was 
$53 million (£35-5 million), 
against $60 million, or $1.6! a 
share ($1.81) on sales of $! 
billion ($913 million). Sales for 
first six months of 1986 were 

,.$1.9 billion ($1.8 billion). Net 
I”! income fell to $103 million 
.-($126 million) or $3.13 ($3.82). 

to June 30. Total dividend 9p 
:(85p). Pretax revenue £U mil- 
lion (£1.2 million). Earnings per 

• JT PARRISH: No dividend 
i (same) for the year to Jan- 31. 
I.Tumover £189.000 (£1.81 rail- 
Jion). Pretax profit £90,000 (loss 
£248,000). Earnings per share 
8.2p (33.8p loss). The board 
reports that the results are fora 
period during which the com- 
pany finally terminated its- 
activities as a department store. 
It is now in a position to develop 
in the field of financial services 
and a number of opportunities 
are being considered. 

say that my enquiries have 
shown that there has undoubt- 
edly been administrative 
failings in the placement of the 
contract and, subsequently, a 
degree of dilatoriness in deal- 
ing with the question of the 
accounts. Nevertheless, from 
the files and other information 
which has been made 
availiabie to me. I am satisfied 
that there has been no dishon- 
esty on the part of anyone 
involved with the 

The DTI report statesTWe 
regrettably find ourselves un- 
able to agree with the view of 
the chairman of Lloyd’s that 
this amounted merely to "ad- 
ministrative failings". In our 
view the description of the 10 
per cent as “overriding 
commission" was not an error 
but quite deliberate. It was 
done on Mr Cameron-Webb's 
and Mr d'Ambrumenil's ex- 
press instructions, not only to 
conceal its existence from the 
reinsurers, but also with the 
intention of avoiding unwel- 

not credible* 

come inquiries by others (such 
as Lloyd's and the Bank of 
England) who might be inter- 
ested in the payments and the 
purpose for which they were 

The report also stated that it 
was “injudicious of Sir Peter 
to have agreed to conduct the 
inquiiy when when he was 
acquainted with the three 
principal individuals con- 
cerned (Mr Cameron-Webb, 
Mr d'Ambrumenii and Mr 
Nash). Instead of conducting 
the inquiry himself he should 
have handed the matter over 
to another member or mem- 
bers of the committee (of 
Lloyd's) less closely associated 
with the individuals con- 
cerned. ” 

The report shows that Mr 
Nash, on behalf of Unimar, in 
June 1979 offered to refund 
7 16 per cent of the 10 per cent 
overriding commission, be- 
cause Unimar had foiled to 


Six months to June 30. Interim 
dividend 2p (same). Gross in- 
come £263,055 (£255,361). 
Earnings per share 3.8ip 

MENT TRUST: Six months to 
June 30. No interim dividend. 
Capital appreciation remains 
the trust’s objective. Pretax loss 

jrofit £2 

pany has agreed to acquire 
Tan ion & Daughters, a private 
company which installs and 
maintains air-conditioning sys- 
tems and provides general 
building maintenance services. 
Tanton is based in Gillingham, 
KenL The initial consideration 
is £750.000 in cash and shares. 
• MOBIL CORP: Second- 

S tarter profit a share $1.42 
I. 01). Mobil says it is unlikely 
to maintain the first-half earn- 
ings level in the second six 

generate business for the syn- 
dicates. Mr Cameron-Webb 
foiled at the time to take up 
the offer because, he said: 
“There was an awful lot going 
on in those years. I was in the 
middle of a frantic divorce 
situation, and I am sorry to 
say I completely forgot about 

This explanation, says the 
report, is simply not credible. 

In 1980 money from 
Unimar started to be invested 
in IRIS. (International Re- 
porting Information Systems), 
whose leading light was Mr 
Anthony Stout, the chairman 
and chief executive of The 
Government Research Corpo- 
ration (GRC), a Washington 
based political intdlegence 
gathering agency. IRIS went 
into liquidation in September, 

The report, commenting on 
Mr Nash’s acceptance of the 
advances to IRIS, said “One 
possible reason is that Mr 
Nash knew all along that the 
advances to GRC and IRIS 
involved a fraud on the names 
on the PCW syndicates. But 
bearing in mind that Mr Nash 
was not familiar with Lloyd's 
and that Mr Cameron-Webb 
was introduced to him as an 
underwriter with a very’ high 
reputation, we have no reason 
to doubt that Mr Nash be- 
lieved that the advances were 
within Mr Cameron-Webb's 
authority to make on behalf of 
the syndicates and that it was 
genuinely in their interests 
that the investment should be 

The report, however, found 
that Mr d'Ambrumenii knew 
Mr Cameron-Webb stood to 
benefit personally from the 
advances to IRIS and that 
they were made out of money 
that should have been re- 
turned to the syndicates. "It 
must have been perfectly ob- 
vious to him (Mr 
d'Ambrumenii) that neither 
the syndicates nor Lloyd's had 
any knowledge of the pay- 
ments to Unimar. Moreover 
asan investor himself in IRIS, 
Mr d'Ambrumenii stood to 
benefit personally from any 
financial assistance given to 
IRIS or GRC. We accordingly 
find that he acted 

months to June 30. No interim 
dividend. Capital appreciation 
remains the trust's objective 
Pretax profit £47.000 
(£175.000). Loss per share 0.02p 
(earnings 0.3 Ip). 

POTTERIES: Coloroll's 
recommended ordinary offer 
has been declared unconditional 
as to acceptances. It and the 
preference offer remain open 
until Aug. 5. Together with the 
497,00 ordinaries (8.7 per cent) 
owned before the announce- 
ment of the offer, acceptances 
represent SI -S per cent of the 
ordinary capital. 

company intends to sell its 
worldwide agricultural products 
business as another step in its 
corporate restructuring pro- 
gramme. It will conduct busi- 
ness reviews with potential 
buyers in the next few months 
and intends to use the proceeds 
to reduce corporate debt. 


Results for the six months 
ended 30th June, 1986 


£ million 

Operating Revenue . 
Operating Expenses 
Operating Profit 
Other Income 
Profit before tax 
Provision for UK tax 
Profit after tax 

















□ Operating Revenue has increased by 18%. 

□ Profit before tax has increased by 14%. 

stwflnq^rtoj^ ^T^strengthBning of 

fh« six months of IMS to $1.47 in 19 » 

Bowring Group and 

v, B ™ ary* Q.T. Boyvhng & Co. Ltd 
The Bownng Building, Tower Place; London EC3P 3BE 

' AWember of 

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Uctuted bjrBafcMnlhr.,8^. 






buntants - Solicitors . • Accountants - SaUcitoftt 

Partners or 
Partnerships - 
Need Capital? 

Partners in professional partnerships of four 
or more, can now obtain unsecured loans from 
£15,001 to £100,000 (practice loans from £60,000 
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•Raise or increase partnership capital 

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Return the coupon today for details of thisl 
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a Telephone: 01-2 22 8785. i 

I Please send me details about ^imbra) * 
I raising or replacing partnership ■ — 

i ££ IBISIJ 



Darlington Tea & Coffee 
Company Limited 

market the finest teas and cuff res in the Country 
(o catering and allied trades 

Ten a-snruu? cmn panics have been eaaMnhed and opportunities now 
rvtJ in crpand the salr- lulmmvidF on an rickcjrr lemlny basis. 
N*i< in-- <>r mulun ore invnlvtd. but finance will be needed to purchase 
iniikjl sirn-k. 

For farther details, ptaue eoolaec JOHN DARLINGTON 
Dari I ngl on Tea A Coffee Company Ltd.. West Backload, 
WeUingum. Somerset T.V21 HIE. Tat 082347-3)52. 


A unique opportunity now exists toacqulre a supwb: 


Recently taken w part -ex change for a new SUPER KING 
AIR. This corporate aeroplane has been owned and 
operated since new by a leading British Company, is in 
excellent condition and represents very good value. 

Crew, contract maintenance end management services 
are also available, financial terms may be arranged. 

To Inspect this aircraft, arrange a demonstration fight 
and to And out more about you can benefit from busi- 
ness aviation, please calk 


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SAVE G4J50JN (over 25%) on a New Fortune 32:16 Unix Based 
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01-582 6060 01-582 6888 81-582 66G0 01-582 0060 


I can brie you f ind te 
o Asa tor finance, 
agneoftn. mgawanno and fiMtgy 
raised project! 

Mfcu Luekftt 
Scatts Fane, 

Bnttm, Hesttan, 
mttsMre Ml 3 488 
TNM 444337 ACTBSSfi 



tor a man of 50 with business experience. He (a 
prepared to give the necessary time and investment 
to an enterprise which appeals. Thames to Wash 
regions preferred, and young ideas. 

Reply to BOX F84 


with marketing experience, exciting new 
patented products for the golfer. Proven 
market with enquiries from home and abroad, 
i.e. Japan and America. 

Sporting Links 0209 831662 


1 Ideas expected 

Showing excellent growth and wishing to 
expand in the Middlesex/Surrey area is 
seeking long term finance or amalgam- 
ation. Approaches from interested parties 
would be welcomed addressed to Reply to 
BOX G34 



A rajudlv » paring dan deeha 
non company currently pnriuonq 
5m cassettes per year Is now 
owersrtwq no me aub o cas 
sene Dismiss and a fookmg for 
comoanes (either ttnugn acou»- 
siton or menjerj or monnouis 
«w are amenBv mvairea m me 
juOo recording business ano take 
cnaige ol me maneuig ri tbs 
new business 

for 4mib rrply to BOX C2T 

NEW CONCEPT Iff cleaning 
and r.ilri wtnii' .Mr mills IImI 
\m, <.ill ,mt believe vwi v. ill 
iit^tl 1 , > nr in'fufi'd tn iinm 
t S Ikk 1 I nili .,1 jinn preti’irrrt 
-Hi- Linden ami Home CVhui 
I n—- Ii tuu i.oulil likr more 
driailv*- nhonr nemn^ 
on IS PI He 
IIUIIO »aiK Hill III niM>- W\ 
iiHP- in* liadr nrim Tei -OoOl 
i, if* U|, 



a BioxtstK's, Kent. 
Forty nm* nqupnwit 
Leasehold prwmwa. Genu- 
ine tea son lor sale. 

Reply to BOX G40. 



long established indus- 
trial sales company, 
mam agencies South 
Coast. Turnover 
f 400.000 4- . f BO, OOO + 
SAV. Principals only. 
Reply to BOX G24. 



81 SY rOPL'HR 
VMh beautiful terrace in pr- 
ime pusilinn pierliMkmy 
heart. nr Hwd Slol. Marh- 
clli Evlrrmrlv well equipped 

uith cv.eUtm turnover, 

Tel 01 671 1303 Em 


Mrniw lor llir rtowll Rwi .77 
l*n ntweny mbs 

at r,f O'* D.i' 7 mom rnllunr 
J i.xmuKl s r nitwln-ii annex A 

fill Mdluir vninitt Lt 
|ium\>- u^ibii 'MU Paildcu-y & 
rji iMikinn r O i.-as.TT-a 
Cirt,il ewtlumtv mr vounwr 
rumT' riihi c?5Sono irn 

.--J'. <.. m t*iir a cn 

Cai nkiwtwn Of me nweri 

.*M IHi «pt itprtnut 

k.Vo7nJi JhU 

icn 'MTiiliit ■liimni % rom 
imi 1 nionfuhte 

rli-ilrnnir bislrumenl 
t'TW'r lomwain Mr salt- Writ 
■ iMamm. 
•i.iii unit fuiiv itiuipp-ii i* on* 
'll* -n Nnrlh rrvw.ih .1 

Cttni n-liirn at imnunmt of 
UliL'OO Inimediah- -mlr 
PM-.W 1 1 lin IIITK- t. JUrn. Reply ftn 
PO\ C1J 


B*.iiriimttu,it kni Oil! in Host 
■JiitppiiHj am runmin iruil 

ii", .,in*,*irr Rrlrl jpprot 
lOiietiMv culm on 
f'-'W gruuiiM- rwHtn lor 
"JW Trl OHfcj 


OUMiii-t.% (p wit. SaulMntplon 

Kt-itn ivud <Tont«l*‘ spjcimi, 
Irtit Iiiilii iu>yl imH-u 
b 1 '** k miiipmriii. ■>M‘"i'.in m 
t,.vico;i iu, otoj. .nuu 
SOUTH LONDON ijtlrr. Iinilf"! 
ti’i r»n-n,.ia urn nit iin-nrr mi 
*» .irt«- ■*# iptHiiHt to rdnn m 
hmrvr Hrprr.lli' Milrjnw m 
>.ii *1 H",TI lur u|hrr Cminmn 
ml > 1 *-i -lopindi! Ol 9SN SI 17 
SUSSEX COAST, r jt vonumm 
DuK-iiilr '*u,Wniyvwk. «lJ*i 
llUird .VJ ill - uurrD num luM 
pr'll""' I.O, iq l>-jy RJM. r*-nt 
LltniX'k T.-l lOiJii HQHSIQ 



Based m Kdtxm Hjgn Road 
well establisned Ladies 
Hairdressers for sale. Surt- 
aote tor untse*. Rem £85. 
Goodwri £23.000 

Tel: 01-328 4626 


light engrwmg 1 amity com- 
pany m me Normal England 
tor sate. Excetent prosoects 
tar expansion. Tumorer n 
the rowan of £i.7m. Good 
net profit gmng sound return 
an investment. 

Reply to BOX F96 


Offers invrted. 

Tel: 01-894 1283 
or 01 -943 1255 
(week days). 

iiajiiir M.iibi*ii"i*-iii Cmivilniwi 
A rotnimliT viludri. rrwmvuii 
l.w ".air L \rrllrni rlwirt liM A 
-jiiIwmi- priHlurl-. Ia.iI Manl 
Mir I'uunvnn Rrpi, RO\ CCi 
'• i <M xi U irhm Main ri«.«l p*> 
•aiixii in iHisi Midland lov,n 
T n I Mill OOO I irv U 00.000 
• VI\ Trl ■■T.'OSi 7IW13 




Minimum 700 sq H. 
preferraUy freehold, must 
be prime sites m posmons 
at a high pedestrian flow, 
we are seeunq to puenase 
a number ol properoes m 
any area Sourn o> the 
Midlands. Ample sums 

Robert Danse. 
Sherwood Amman nits, 
Harrow Farm, 
Toxford Road, 

Newark. Notts 
NG22 9JZ. 

Tel: 0823 863937 
24 firs. 



Preference for retention 
of existing management 
Finance and asstance 
offered also to 
companies, wishing to 
retain control but who 
could benefit from 
experienced outside 

Please write in the 
initial instance to 
BOX G03. 

FACTURING toad rmnium 
v-rks l.h cnmlMlil 
liwHimanuriiHt diurihuima fw 
imurr drinu'diaiL PntunjMbi 
mill ■ fl.-PK I O BOV Fite 
STOCK IN TRADE/ rrmHm'rn.u 
vrhirrr ll*--t-s rotumiTciai prop 
**rl\ mauds A un>sant«t 
kuk ’■ inimrdkMr sriurmnii 

Pnonr Vlurir jmhr ,OS2A, 

nr Trlrv r*5| “W 


Made-up tsxtae manufacturing company (not dottv 
Established East Andia 14 years. Quality assess* 
establishment with labour force of 32- Turnover 600K 
plus. Leasehold premises. Retirement reason for 
disposal. Price circa £31 OK as going concern. 



Cw phonaa Iran rwo 

Proftaoiy the best buys in the UK with me best technical backup 
Immediate delivery 

Telephone Ipswich 0473 221815 
Telephone Norwich 0683 816221 



In today's modern age of advanced communica- 
tions can your company afford to lose business by 
not having facsimile and telex? Silhouette industries 
supply. Install, service and train operators In letex 41 fac- 
simile machines, on outright purchase, lease, or 
rental nationwide. 

For further information: Silhouette Indastries LML 
01-582 4155 


To very high standard, and fight work shop fadfities. 

Located in conservation area of N. Manchester, 
convenient motorway network & airport No parking 
problems. All services including fox, telex, copying, 
word processing & all secretarial if required. 

We also offera storage & distribution sendee 
throughout the area. 

•mm nmwkTM. is 
nwrivnc* in inauMr* 01-643 
1 180 

nraiion company rrquirrd 
Aliy «ur jr«a consul rr*<j 
Ph-4sr MraMnr 01-441 128? 
laiiicp hrn 



Want to 

More in 

We are a major distri- 
bution company selling 
to Builder's Merchants, 
Glazing Contractors 
and Replacement Win- 
dow cumpanies in 
Ireland. We are anx- 
ious to expand our 
product range, on an 
own brand, or agency 
basis and would be de- 
lighted to talk to 
companies who wish to 
expand their exports. 

We already have na- 
tionwide distribution 
throughout Ireland 
served by an energetic 
sales force. 

If you feel we both 
could benefit by talking 
to each other please 
write in conidence to: 


Managi n g Director, 
DockreU Glass 
Distribution Ltd-, 
Taliaght. Dublin 24, 


Design and Manufacturing 
company now hava a'tmtM 
number of distributorships 
available to narane ttw fuel 
saving range of umts 


For Further petals: 

(0602| 884395 
or write to: 

ESN Ltd 


A business you can run i 
Iran home, with uni 
potential, rerpibr repeat or- 
ders. high profit margins, 
Dosur-re cash Bow. m u wr a i 
overheads, no stuck require- 
ments. no 'Selling' 
necessary, and over El DO per 
day profit (NOT skmtmng/ 
heath). For full oetaissanca 
9x4 sae in The Mavetng Di- 
rector. Scwpan House, ttgn 
Street. Turney. Bedford 
MK42 8PE 


For rauky m young (*afr 
ono year) growitw 
London besMCMtntxAon 
company to leisure mcU 3 - 
tty E2SjMa roq now - plus 
taotny avasaoie tor 
acquamons arc - 
■ndnndual or corporate 
enqumes welcome. 


i 1 ® 


DYNAMIC YOUKC rompJnv op. 
rrjliuo S .(ran in-Ks luruirr 
t-iwwi la i-iuixl nauaiMii> * 
umuui- moiling roimwi Rppfi 
lo BO\ FTo 


Urgent upto £50.000 Cash 
ireecaon wanted by 
Yorksnre based Impart 
company u service 
existng and future sub- 
stantial order book «i the 
security market dVactor- 

siup available. 

Reply to BOX G3S. 

10.75% INTEREST 

Commercial Properties, 
Hotels, Nursing and Rest 
Homes, Residential. 

Milton Keynes 
(0908) 368071 
Raymond Brett & Co. 


Available for commer- 
cial properties, hotels, 
licenced premises, 
businesses etc, also 
bufkSng. development 
and project finance. 


0803 25479/25470 
(24hr answer phase) 






Reception. Secretarial 
Telex, Photocopying, Rut 


01-323 3232 


Fully tested Bitumen 
Kettle and Iron. 
Suitable Road Building 
Contractors and General 
Contractors - £65,000 
Full Details from: 


27 Cafe ham Road 
Fentdom todostriai Estate 
Wtmbflm, Dorset 
Tel: (82829 897551-894942 
Trier 41164 PRESTI G 


Do you need a new 
outlet for your prod- 
ucts? We have 
Nationwide experi- 
ence of marketing and 

0373 63322. 


£50.000 trading oppor- 
tunity. Min 70% pa. 4 
years audited figures. 
Vi hour per day. 1 
month trial available. 


01-930 8732 

Tilt!', lor a product llul H 
jlrcadv bring surrrafuUv sold 
into DUMX. commercial A m- 
duMnal market* Wrir 

imrrnwi in comnnln or mdl 
\KliuK udti Co 500 rapUal 
imniimm an uilaMr leaking for 
di\ rmfnucm or buswm wl 
no mraugnaut Ihc UK. TdUl 
ulms marKMinflMipponinota 
I ranch isc or in logut sale), cun- 
tan Rn Houan. An-clad Lid . 

Landn How. Uitpcy Mill. 
Nolls 07*73 7C83SZ 
MAKE nr BSC. 22 pane- manual 
snows sou how lo sari your 
own uisnrn flruncmq htmh 
N o r jptui or wcul cducaimo 
rmjuirM. U 95 me mp For 
defcaifc. vmo ur Fttto. 29. Caa- 
Unraqh sum. London. VslK 

tirw holiday ullw m S 
Franrr 1 W Mi lor sale from 
C.1S.600 Lpw 12 ^, run mum 
qid rrom aualtiv BniKh Tour 

Oorr aloes * capllal aoprrcta- 

lion Phone 0204 M31I O 

omair your own cl in a- as pari 
ol ina NatHxud Aworolron or 
Croft Lw Clmm. CofuprrtKii- 

«r Irairnwj lo dual ifir alio iw 

Full driaH from Ray BamMi M 
•OSU4- 811515 

HCADHtnmite entrepenpur fU 
metar 40 ITS wmi Midlands 
nnm wIB ronvdrr inirrrslina 
propowhonv Prrsml r C20K + 
Car Luvnnirnl in ulrs. mar 
krlinq. admin A PR Trl. i042t>i 

NESS in Bmioi arra rmurn 
wnrfcinv (it«w for sans and 
mauaqrmml roH* dryrlnpiiid 
nr* Oulkh Ll5MD(ai>UI in- 
imian mnnrN lor mpanipn 
CU buHnny Rrw lo SOX GlO. 

wki nviws 9 «mn and 
premia lo wtl lo umr citrus in 
thr sain promo! ion industry 
rail 01-891 SSM or 01-437 
077 2 - 

CPORTUNITY for Craft Tourca 
mure* lo haw* a CUV TAUrro 
Pipr maknm drmomirauon 
unit OfKT d slulb & rqwP 
mu# Tot c Pollock 061 223 

«mplr mlormalion- Frr» dr- 
iailk. Mcdas. Dr-pt SB 77 
kitiatL, Park Road- 81 Leon 
arts. Lvnrr t\3 4KT 
%aln/priMiirtioii uir \SV 
Manl*/%uK>m herder slipways 
«it Tot .4:43)674220 



Are credaorc traunDng you? 
Are suppliers insisting on 
pro f or ma or CWO? 

Are laMfs about to levy the 

Are the banks insisting you sipi 
more personal guaretibetf 

6 the anew s yes to any of 
these quasars you need oar 
Mp. if we cannot befit you sax 
your company we can adwseyoD 
on IquCacm. Conod ik today. 

Boss WaUnir & Associates, 



American expert avail- 
able for consuhatkm to 
develop business to 
bus: ness or business to 
consumer program- 
mes. Modest retainer 
against percentage of 
increased orders. 

Lets talk 

Ring Mr. Wallace 
in London at 

01-225 1544 

Tdcx 947896CCSUKG 



Why Kim 
has designs 
on France 

Kim Hasler, a creator of furnishing 
fabrics, was one of 12 young designers 
who won awards at the Young Designers 
Business Exhibition which ended this 
week. Derek Hams writes. The idea was 
to help new designers to set uf> in 
business and especially to establish links 
with British manufacturers. 

The response from manufacturers was 
not as good as bad been hoped despite so 
many calls from the Government for 
British companies to wake up to the need 
for effective design. Ironically, Miss 
Hasler then announced she was taking a 
design job with a French company in 

Nor was she alone in finding that the 
best opportunity lay abroad. Susan 
Griffiths, an award winner for her floor- 
coverings* has taken up design work in 
New York. 

Other winners were Jill Goldspink 



Winning ways: Kim Hasler, 

(furnishing fabrics), Adrian Reed. Nich- 
olas Mortimer and Penelope Grater 
(furniture). Kieron Crawley (fighting). 

I wan Cwyfan Hughes and Anita Harris 
(tableware), Emma Booker (textiles). 
Maerisna Adnan (ceramics/silver) and 
Catherine Romer (child environment). 
Awards came from the Conde Nasi 
group, which organized the exhibition. 

left, and Nicholas Mortimer 
Arthur Young, the accountants. Nation- 
al Westminster and three City livery 

Out of more than 70 manufacturers 
invited to the exhibition only 10 turned 
up. although one marketing group did 
take up 10 designs on exhibition, said the 

Small firms find cash in chips 

By Sally Watts 

With industrial decline and rising unem- 
ployment, the Cleveland area in- the 
north east may not seem too promising 
for a business start-up or development 
Yet this is so at Middlesbrough, where 
redundant engineers are getting the back- 
up they need to start their own venture. 
Small firms, faring loss of contracts, are 
shown how to update their methods and 
unemployed under-25s are trained for 

The key is CADCAM (computer aided 
design and computer aided manufac- 
ture) and a £3 million project which 
began when Cleveland County Council, 
deciding this might offer solutions for a 
depressed area, asked the CADCAM 
Association to do a survey and make 

The result was the CADCAM Initia- 
tive, which opened in an enterprise zone 
in 1984, with funding from the Govern- 

ment. the EEC and the Local authority. 
These were free government loans of 
hardware and software. The centre began 
with 20 linked units in a campus-style 
layout and a large expansion area. 
Professional engineers work with people 
who have some experience of 
CADCAM, and train under-25s who 
have the motivation to learn. 

An early arrival was Martin Codd 
who, as engineering manager of CR- 
Modul Engineering facing redundancy, 
was looking for premises when he heard 
of the new centre. He had assumed the 
heavy capital outlay required would put 
CADCAM out of his reach, but he found 
that, as well as office space, the centre 
could provide computer access at a 
feasible cost 

Today he and his partner Mike Powell 
run a limited company. Topside Mod- 
ule, designing safety panels to dad the 
topside walls of offshore oil modules. 

The enterprise has gone ahead faster 
than expected. It has a projected 
turnover of between £1 million and £2 
million, with hopes of moving into 
manufacturing and other areas of safety 
cladding. It also has a growing siatT, most 
of whom had faced redundancy. 

The centre, which has links with 
Durham Business School and techno- 
logical enterprises at Cambridge, pro- 
vides system management and problem 
solving' aid from CADCAM experts on 
site, as well as finding or training suitable 
work people. There is also counselling. 

An important purpose of the centre is 
to help fairly small but established 
engineering firms which are doing 
reasonably well but cannot maintain 
their position because they lack the right 

Contact: The CADCAM Centre. PO Box 
222. Middlesbrough. Cleveland TSl 
2LZ. Phone 0642-22621 1 



■ Barclays Bank has launched a long- 
term loan scheme covering periods of up 
to 20 years with options for Interest 
rates to be either fixed or floating, it is 
aimed primarily at smaller and 
medium-sized businesses that need 
finance of £15,000 or more. The 
flexible loan is an extension of the bank’s 
standard loan scheme which provides 
fixed-term lending of £2,000 to £1 5,000 
for up to five years. 


businesses that could be expected to 
grow quickly and create 10 or more 
jobs after a couple of years. 

With funding from the Manpower 
Services Commission, the 16-week 
programme offers free entry but 
places are limited to those not in full-time 
employment This is because the 
programme starts with a three-week 
residential stay at the Durham City 
campus to get business plans sorted out 
and enterprises given a flying start 
John Taylor, the programme director, 
said that those already working 
usually feel they cannot spare the time for 
a residential stay. He added: “We are 

School, better known as DUBS, is 
recruiting for its next new enterprise 
programme, starting in September ~ 
aimed at those withldeas for new 

•Contact John Ta 
Hitt Lane. Durham 

\ DUBS, Mill 
1 3LB; phone 0385- 


■This is what I miss most on my works 
outiBg — having nobody tn act condescend- 
ingly towards* 





01-236 5501 

+ W2 

Low premium 24 hr 
access + parking. Fum 
carpeted offices ind 
phone/telex/fax. Fr 

01-839 4808 



and counter BurveOance 
equipment tor txxti the 
amateur & professional. 
Btefl or write for pm ksL 


716, Laa Bridge Rd 

London E10 8AW 
01-558 4226 


Are your adverts cost 

Telephone 0692 704694 
for poosible competitive 

pm a ip pracucr 
stwiMhwd in Contract Manage- 
mrnl. 30 y!N «ct>prtpncp aU 
Him of » man-union large 1 
small works. Production at 
SpPOfKMiOffik kimiim of 
work, couinci. non now lore- 
raws. measuremeni claims for 
mlras. final accounts 4 ctov 
pulev For promo) pmonai 
Mira lion ring <07871 278420 . 

operational hands-on sharp 
end npmmn* In motor trade 
and tuiuaqp.iorie tong or short 
term protects. UK ManHand. far 
starting id. resanpuig or even 
teulimg gown your motor oner 
auons. posably wuh ronsulianL 
rcrpHer rte. Call 0S36-217218 
anytime itMOM North Kenli 

Ccmpant woks further orders. 
Rraular nelnerips mi. Norfolk 
Srouand Ouanlrtm 50 10.000 
Tel .OMai JJJ572 
RESEARCH Sen kps. Detailed 
ponii( 4 l«ronornir reports rom 
Piled TM- Ol 869 8146 
Burlington phone. Men ano lor 
warding tersires Ol 4J4 2BOO 


model romoleb* C2-500 Trt 
i WOT i 220022 day iOUI21 ■ 
J788 U’MMd 

NEW APnCOT. from CA49 
lOMB .\i C9W. I i»r warran 
(v. e\ ctorte rttw lor detail* 
eu-nmi Data Ol 449 2131 
WANTED KL ME 29 Peripheral?. 
A DUS kil *1*0 5900 sene* 
Mainframe nuictused TM 
0742 307388 

still available on- - 





WANG eauipment : 


,«I-C Domr Sran London tel 
Te l: 01 406 15 16 

Authorised Wang Dealer. 



A 8^pT8«^ n 

Autumn: meii Ht Hetty 


Run DOS rat woo Irani ape 

Use twe awe an another PC 

Uses StM-poctt seed can 
flHiNvaoto Ones D & E. 
£1.195 (* VAT| 



(057286) 279 



Do you own or use 
an Apple IP 


•nw ion uisk nr rarownwit 

July offer only 



£i;_ . 

Rtaff 263-6312 New! 

I — oihratU- 





Smell modmiHted Quarters btnU 
mg (15500 sp Itf in lanoKaw 
raraaegnuimb oo pranuoaii non. 
cut ter Sa n. Brsu ano Ua tnB- 
rw tnsheo to a togh sannwl wtn 
ms toS flows & nasamem. Ar can 
aunmg. dnears suns. 
Kworoom. coacuai etc Anon «- 
tend m -seomr DBOeromm 
wung Adaeant wretepmem; » 
tension ten) MOM £650.000 
Fffisnom V; Possboti 
fur hnOmr irl 
6225 3 1 titU fOffi» 

0E5 859219 (Hon) 

UONDOM W 1 Prune Mayfair Iwr 
«?d fir otfim 746 vj II * l 
rein# L bed. Ub Dal. New 
*n*rv uaOOOPAX J Trevor 
* bon* 01-439 0131 wf OJX‘ 


Hois bungalow she, sea 
views, suit letting/sales/ 
times hares. £495,000 
will divide. 

Tel: (0983) 760617/ 


New Cbw 
TV Factory Unite 
Woking, Surrey 
Approximately 9300 sq. ft. of 
factory accomodation with 
1470 sq. R. of office space 
now reaching completiaa. 
Separate unite of 1700 sq- ft. 
with 230 sq. ft office. 1750 
sq. ft with 230 sq. It office 
and 2400 sq. ft- with 570 sq. 
It office, could be amalgam- 
ated to two large unite. 

For further information 
please contact 

Mrs C. Dinsmore on 
Woking (04862) 70121 

nmiigKHa Cuy location, oi 
bU 0657 


Iteriodand reproduction: ftd- 
nul desks. Partners desks. 
Writing tables. Davenports 
and Desk duns 
Write ter detail ar 
PteteHl CaBera Wdcane 
“Jate Daks’ Dpt 9JU6 
» Ckmeb StrecC Uedan NWS 

Telephone: 01-723 7976 



Ex-catalogue stocks of elec- 
trics, blinds, folding doois, 
dailies, furniture, tugs etc 
sold in job lots. To retail at 
100 % profit 

Also BED LINEN 100% UK 
rwflnif,rtn^nf nudg to order. 

0244 535323 Daytime 
051 6388288 After Un 



required throughout the 
UK to sell established 
quafity products of British 
manufacture to hotel and 
catering establishments. 
"Remuneration by commls- 
ston only, payable on all 
sales in the territory 

Applicants should 
write to first Instance 
giving hill delate of 
tfwfr slatBS. present 
occupation and past 
experience to: 



eaeka UK agency for 
construction or alllao 


2A Tharp Road, 

01-669 974. 



fwpres unique British prod- 
ucts for dstnhution. 


r e nawn od 9^ 494695 
or mite lo 
PO Box 68, 

Warvrtck CV35 STA 


puli«r did no romnroioft , 
But* 0279 6004^4 anvumc 

& FUR? 

FILIJM miinets auaUU- Bnosii 

PJTKhJ 3 draw 

L7S. 2 draw CM JI 1 mib 1 AT 
un nwtlaw. <Mn m 01-^90 

P* 1- aarig»in- Uso rarh Trl 
•^■^ooas dm- KMauaf 
3788 wwkena 

n German 
Army v-aurprooT coni ens lo 

ParKw Minimum quantity 
lOO Price E 6 SO cacti. Also 
mMlatac In oiwnuiy refur- 
teM nartc Vests. Tommy 
Helmets. .50 ammunlUon box- 
es. Thairhreed Unwed 0234 

suns. T-shins. Sweat sturts. 
leans, irtsure wear, track suits 
JL iramrrs. Send stock a price 
IrA. Harper LW.. 7 TetVOWta 
Cnvmi. SiaTiord Tet (078G1 

P W CLOTHS, and machine dean- 
mg ckHns sOjQCO per week 
as ailanir: Home and Ewan eu- 
a lanes imiled lo Siargxee. 061 
a» 6077 

POKE CEYLON straw 4 lag 
feaoags parl-ed in 50 leabaos in 
a box. I^jOOO available for Im- 
meoale sale Ring 01-572 
0329 • 

DnUMIINUrtl and redimdam 
or overworks wanted, immedl 
air paymenL Anytnkng 
considered- >07321 JSIOoa 





Cowjana Borougta Council, 
bawd In me Western Lake D» 
trirt. limle lenders from sulfablv 
experienced Baitilfs 
for ibe (ollowmg areas of oew re- 

>ai Rale Arrears 

mi Rent Arrears in cases no) re- 
ferred lo the County Court 

ici Commercial Rents 
Ml The irartng of deteors 

,P J ®ber deM recoserv as direct 
™ W Hit Tr«-asui«- 
fruoiriiai enquiries ran be made 
to Ihc Pnnnpdl Awiani iBese 
nuesi; Mr A Howell. iTel 0«d6 
3111 EsI. 249i. 

Infornuiion reuuired lo be sub- 
imfiedwiDiihe fender rsaiailaMe 
irom TTie Treasurer. PO Box 19 . 
Cnunnl Offices. CalMnne Street. 
“Sf'lK.'* 1 " Cumbria CAM 7 isy 
iTei 0946-3111 ExL 2371 All 
?°t! w furwwded 10 
i£l ‘i*! twrufite- Copeland 
Borautei Counrri. Council OfTKes. 
Catherme Street, Whiictucm. by 
not taler ihao noon on Tuesdav. 
J®. .‘JjJuiBL 1986. The envelope 

as AST “ -"T ** 


Chief Caecuiive 
- - 15th July 1966 



vjarllv Clara Foder Beauesl 
The Cham* . Commiuioiwrs 
JEPJSf w *"«<■ ■ Scheme for 
ims Cnarnv Copies of me draft 
wfhemr iiw be ofnamed from 
<r« amaMiu « s* 
Ainair*. Mouse. 67-60 
Hay marl* cl. London Sh'IVlOX 
OW»«IOI» and suggesUdM may 
besciM ra toraivvamn-ont month 
from today. • • 


ACT' 1086 

that ihe creditors « the a«>o\e- 
named Company, which is being 
solumanly wound up. are re 
auircd. on or before Ihe 2 £nd day 
of A uausl. 1986. to send in 1 heir 
full Oinsuan and surnanu-s. umw 
addresses and desmndons. full 
nariKTilars of their debts or 
eta iito. and the names ano ad- 
dresses of their SaiKKaf* (if any), 
to Ihe underwgned GL'Y CHRIS- 
oTL Hie Uqinoaiar of Uie ud 
Company, and. d so rrouired by 
notice in writing from die said 
Liquidator, axe. personally or by 
Iheir Soliniors. lo come in and 
prove Iheir debts or rtaitm al 
sura nme and place as snail be 
sponfled In such notice, or in de- 
limit thereof they will be 
esriuded Irom the benefit of any 
attribution made before sura 
ne ws ar e prosed- 
DATED lha nth day of July- 


tbal ihe creditors CH the aome 
named Company. whKh ta being 
voluntarily wound up. are re- 
quired. on or before Ihe 28nd day 
of August. 1986. to send in mar 
lull Christian and surnames. Iheir 
addresses and descriptions. fuU 
particulars of Iheir debts or 
claims, and Ihe names and ad- 
dresses of Iheir Sobciiors uf anyi. 
to the iHVKrMgncd DAVID 
SWADEN FCA of 3rd Floor. Pe- 
Ur House. Oxford Street. 
Manchester Ml 5AB Ihe Llquida- 
lor of Ihe said Company, and. h 
so required by notice In wnlura 
from Ihe said Uoumaior. are. per- 
sonally or by men- Solicitors, lo 
come in and muse llmr debts or 
claims al sorn hme and place as 
"hall be specified in such nonce, 
or in oefauli I hereof they m,u be 
excluded Irom me benefli of any 
dttnnuiion made before such 
deb ts ar e prosed. 

noc^ ,h *‘ 01 Ju, l 


thal ihe creditors of Ihe abate- 
named Co moony. nhM is betng 
volimianiy Mound up. are re 
aiurnl. on or before ihe Z7ln day 

21., ■V9"* 1 .- X9Btl - lo »*"* ihnr 

full Ch nsiian and surnames. Iheir 
nddmees and desmpiiom. full 

W "IK ulorx of m^,r debts or 

claims, and ihe names and ad 
pmvses of Uieir Sotimors u| anys 
tolhe undersnned KEITH DAVID 
COODMAN. FCA of 30 r.-«i 
Jtourne Ten ace, London wa bU 
IIW Lmuidalor of the sato Oompa 
n»-. and. ll so required by nolire 
in wnung from me said Lnuida 

or |n w 

boliCMors. lo come in and prose 
ineir debts or claims al surh bme 
M •»" specified in 
"“to?- or I" defaull Ihereol 

IhrS MIll be excluded from Ihe 

bnwf" or any dtstnbuuou made 
0,11 ,eift aay tt Juu 






lhal Ihr rmlllors of Ihe aboie 
named Company arc required on 
or before Friday, uw OTm djv of 
August. 1980. lo send in then 
names and addresses and pamni 
lars of Iheir deMs or ( lairns lo me 
V 1 ?- F *5 Ar 1 i'i ,r Andersen 
* Co- PO Bos SS. 1 Surrey 
vtreef. London WCZR stir me 
Lmuidalor of the said Company 
and. d s.i required pv uourr m 
wnunu from the said Lrauidaior 
ar Jo ifjfne hi and prose (heir 
vaad debts, or cfatent al such nme 
aiM pure as snail be specified 
"PS w to default liter wh 
thev Win be excluded Iran me 

553*5 tt «5 are prosed 
°ATEDJh» a day ol July igge. 

RO-AiM UMrrro ° 
91 ORDER OF THE. uir-u 

CLRVaiLli^T’ 0 ' CHAN 
DIVISION dated ine lath 

Jon " * r **'drf 

Bay— - C«nmlu??rt 

Dilieo iism lUi day of Jiiiy 188A 



uial the rredllofs cu Ihe anoie 
named Compard ore reginred on 
or befnc? Friday, the OTtl, day of 
Auauu. IQ86. lo send in iheir 
names and addresees and particu- 
lars. of their debts or rlaiira lo ihe 
underacted IAN PETER PHIL- 
LIPS. F.C A of Arthur Andersen 
A Co.. PO. Bov SS. 1 Surrey 
Street. London -WC3R 2NT Ihe 
Lmuidalor of me said Company, 
and il so reuuired by nolirp in 
urnling from me said Lmuidalor 
are lo come in and prove Iheir 
Md debts or Claims al surh lime 
and pure « shall be specified in 
surh notice, or in defaull l hereof 
Utey will De escludrd from me 
benefli <M any dednbuhan made 
Orion- such debts are proved 
DATED ihtsS dav of July 1986. 

that Ihe creditors of Ihe above- 
named Company are reuuired on 
or iKiore Friday ihe 2 *am day ol 
Auausl. 1900. to send in Ihnr 
names and addresses and uarliru- 
lar*. of Iheir debts or riaims to Ihe 
undersigned IAN PETER PHIL 
UPS F.C. A. of Arthur Andersen 
4 Co. PO. Bos 56. I Surrey 
Street. London WC2R 2 NT Ihe 
Liquidator .of me said Company, 
and. if so required by nofire In 
wniinq from the said Lmuidalor 
are lo come in and prove Iheir 
sard debts or claims at turn lime 
and Ware as shall be specified m 
such notice, or in defaull thereof 
they wifi be exrtuded from Ihe 
benotu of any distnbulion made 
before surh debts are proved 
DATED Hits 8 dav of July 1966. 



Proposed merger berw 
Fenrurzi Flnannana and S 4 
Bernard PLC 
The Serreiary of Trade and 
duslry has referred lo 
Monopolies and Mergere Comr 
non i or imesugalion and ret 
under Ihe provisions o* Ihe f 
Trading Arl 1973 Ihe propo 
merger between Fern 
Fiiiaiinarta aid SAW Bemf- 
PLC The Commission are lo 
Pori by- 18 November 
Any person or nrgamsar 
wnhing to give mlormalion 
viewy on Ihe proposed merger 
rcauirmq a copy t H Ibe lull ler 
<8 reference snould wnle as st 
as possible lo 

The Serf rL 
Monopoiirs and Merg 
New Co 
os Carry Sir 
London NCSA 2 

JLSTKX NO 0040?] of I nab 
that ihe Oran m me KMi Court 
of Juslire iChanreri Divruoiti 
dalnJ 7lh luly i486 c-mllrnuno 
Ihe redlKlinn or Ihe shart> prcim- 
nm acrouid nf ihe above named 
Com oaiiv by taW-SMO wav red* 
terra bv ihe Rraisirar of 
itomnaines nn 18lh July 1486. 
Doted I IPS Z51H dav al JhIv 1 986. 

Tilmuss. Siiiht 1 terbb. 

7 beriisinis- Inn. 

London ECJY ILT. 
bolKihir for Ihe above named 



Box .No.., 

C/o times 


P-0. Box 484 
Virginia Street 
El 9DD 




Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Diesel boost for Austin Rover 

ish U 


! t.. 

ftf ttf 


lit: »i •; 





iLkl. 1 . ■ 


fc’f U 1 '. 





J'v v% - 



.UI*' r v . 

\ iht 

I put 


!•« V:. 

** PC 

«■«*'! Vi' ’ 

H 4 


fK.' ;• 




i MtfAv I 



Austin Rover is at last 
getting its much talked about 
new direct injection diesel 
engine. The result of a four- 
year development and pro- 
duction programme .with 
Perkins, the big Peterborough- 
based diesel engine manufac- 
turers. it is at least a year 
behind schedule and the delay 
has cost Austin Rover dearly. 
Most critics have concentrat- 
ed on the damage done by .the 
absence of a diesel- powered 
family car from its line-up. 
While it is true that the diesel 
. car market here increased by 
more than 46 per cent last 
year, it was still only 66,000 
.cars in all 3.6 per cent of the 
carmariceL . 

The real growth and conse- 
quentially the Midland 
. : company's biggest losses have 
taken place in the car derived 
van market, which has in- 

• creased by a remarkable IS 
times since 1 982. Not surpris- 

_ jngly the first Austin Rover 
vehicle to use the new MDi 
diesel in September will be the 
Maestro van. Maestro and 
Mon lego car diesels will not 
appear until next year and 
even then could be exported 
.. first to European markets like 

- - Italy and the Benelux coun- 
' . tries where diesels account for 

- up to one-third of cars sold. 

The MDi which .will also be 
sold by Perkins formaline and 
industrial applications .ap- 

• pears to give Austin Rover a 
" valuable edge over rivals. A 

fast-revving, direct injection 
■ diesel has-been the goal of car 
makers throughout the world 
for more than ten years. It 

- -offered the possibility of sub- 
' - stan rial improvements in fuel 
i - consumption for the already 
- . .frugal oieseL The partners 

claim the MDi uses 15 per 
cent less fuel than die latest 

- conventional indirect injec- 

- tion designs. 

i hope that in preparation 

- for what is undoubtedly the 
. diesel engine's next big leap 

forward in Britain the ou 
companies will make an 
equally big effort to dean up 
their forecourts around diesel 

• ■/"’ f i ?>.*■; .j 

• • •• 

=• t 

. pumps. There are still farioo 
many oil-soaked floors con- 
taminating shoes and car’s 
interiors tor months with the 
- foul smell of diesel I would 
also Uke to see a regular supply 
of dean paper so that motor- 
ists could wipe filthy pump 
handler It should not tie 
necessary for me to carry an 
old pair of gloves in an airtight 
box every time I test a diesel 
car. . 

Sleek new 

Honda is restricted to a little 
over 1 per cent of the UK car 
market — about 18,500 cars 
lasl year — by the “voluntary” 
ceiling on Japanese car im- 
ports. In the circumstances it 
has little alternative blit to try 
to maximize - the profits it 
makes on every single car 
sold. That means positioning 
its entire range upmarket 
where buyers are prepared to 
pay a premium for a make 
which is not only visually 
different but also in short 

Last November Honda UK 
dropped the 1.6 and 1.8 litre 
' versions of its mid-range Ac- 
cord, offering only 2 litre 
engines and a substantial price 
increase. At the same time it 
dropped the cheapest version 
from the range. A further 
strengthening of the Yen 
brought a second price in- 
crease this year. Accord prices, 
which began at £6^90 only 
eight months ago, now stretch 
from £8,750 to £10,780. 

To fin the yawning gap 
which appeared between the 
Civic and the Accord Honda 
has introduced the 1.5 litre, 
five door hatchback Integra to 
compete in the cut-throat 
Sierra. . Cavalier and 
Maestro/Montego sector. At 
£7,150 it is the most keenly 
priced Honda yet undercut- 
ting equivalent Sierra and 
Cavalier models. It is also one 
of the most stylish mass- 
produced cars around with its 
wedge-shaped nose made even 

Lancia Prisma LX: given a facelift 

sleeker looking by the use of steering. The ride may be a 

little too soft for some taste 
but is an excellent compro- 
mise between the needs of a 
lightly loaded driver-only situ- 
ation and a fully loaded 
holiday transport 
Towards the end of this year 
the Longbridge made Honda 
Ballade which in another guise 
is the Rover 213 will become 
available as a saloon alterna- 
tive to Integra. 


•*»»* - 

m . mtum 

Honda Integra IS: Keenly priced and stylish 

retractable headlights. Its 14.3 
feet seems longer no doubt 
due to the low waistline 
topped by a generous amount 
of glass including steeply 
raked front and rear screens. 

2 particularly like the use of 
a bulge in the tailgate to give 
the impression of a conven- 
tional booted salon. The effect 
is eye-catching and certainly a 
big improvement on some of 
its abruptly chopped off rivals. 
I do wish however that its 
designers had cut away the 
rear silL It is far too high for 
easy loading. On the other 
hand I hope more manufac- 
turers will- copy ' the neatly 

Vital statistics 

Model: Honda Integra 
Price: £7,150 

Engine: 1488cc 3 valves per 

Perforntance0-60mph 11.6 
seconds, maximum speed 

Official Consumption: urban 
31.6mpg, 56mpn 49.6mpg 
and 75mph 38mpg 
Length: 14.3ft 
Insurance: Group 5/6 

folding rear shelf! Extended it 
protects the luggage compart- 
ment against prying eyes and 
folded back it makes room for 
extra and awkward-sized 

Hondas are noted for their 
lavish equipment, indeed the 
plethora of switches and dials 
controlling all these “goodies” 
sometimes makes the driver’s 
cockpit appear over-fussy. To 
keep the price down extras 
have been reduced for Integra. 
It is still by no means a basic 
model but I did miss central 
kicking. It is first becoming a 
must on my list of priority 

On the road Integra is a 
delight with its turbine 
smooth 3 valves per grinder 
1.5 litre engine, a knife into 
butter five-speed gear box 
complemented by a light 
dutch and nicely balanced 


Lancia is on the way back in 
Britain. That is the message 
from the company's sa 
performance in recent 
months. Last "year h sold 17 
per cent more cars helped by 
bargain “run-out” prices on 
old models. This y ear relying 
solely on its increasingly at- 
. tractive range it is running 
ahead of last year’s half-way 
figures. That still only points 
to year-end sales of 4,000 cars 
indicating that Fiat's up-mar- 
ket subsidiary still has a long 
way to go to shake off the 
disastrous effects of the rusty 
Beta buy-back campaign of 
1980. Only eight years ago it 
was selling nearly 12,000 a 
year here. 

But slowly the now well- 
protected Laudas are rebuild- 
ing the marque's image. This 
week new face-lifted Delta 
Prisma models appeared in 
the show rooms. Despite an 
average 3 per cent juice in- 
crease for Deltas and five per 
cent for Prismas they are still 
cheaper than the competition. 

In the case of some of the 
more expensive versions' by 
more than £1,000. 

All Deltas and Prismas, 
with the sole exception of the 
cheapest Delta now have fuel 
injection. The l,600cc twin 
cam engine in the Delta GTie, 
Prisma 1 600ie and 3LX models |r 
and the Delta HR Turbo ie isff 
now tilted forward, rotated 
180 degrees and uses an 
advanced Webber Marelli in- 
jection ignition system. 


THeyi \ 

Company Car 
Tkx Guide 

l!Mi, <S7 

&Ly brand 

Now available from 
WH Smith and all 
good bookshops 

Croydon, Surrey CRO ISO 

Take the 

. on your new car 
■ investment 


yon take the profit, 
we do the work 


Tel: 0695 39990/71 831 A 

72103 > 









auto iiwntritir 

MM Slver/rod hide, dvtton. 

1,500 msec OSJSO 

(£8400 wider tot price) 
Mot Oreen/blua. 7 sorter with 
division. 1500 mfea. E24£00 
(£7,500 under tot pnee) 
The above Umousines are as 
new and have newer been 

■1-387 3322 

ROVER 2600 

Our Macaong Otoctot's cv - 
2300 mflet. n Moomksr 
Blue met 1966 C refl. Uft 
radio/ obs, elect ifmA, cant 
lockng. efcw wtadowj. 
alloy etoais. 

Barrett Lee, 
Sudbury, Suffolk. 

(Hit J 85 weed. Aaron, 
i Cavalier) Now M ratossal van 

tnq Ttih nr must be retd Ol 

3*4 1 1 14 Sun 09727-34510 T 

MM COOM 1064 ExretfMtfFX 

ample 12 roontn mol £2105 

021 5B0 75*8 . 


Hairniurk In umnat Dur.MM 

Wop only 9.000 mH One own 

cr lull imiwMUi -Around 

CJ .000 Dune 01-0662 3424 

PAGE ARROW 27 n Movgrewroe. 
‘ all i-ilras. low prime. LPG 
Cmimiw Cwrtlwl inrouen- 

oui SaleorPXooodooai 06*5 

8051 86 Hid. 022 2 306079 Off 


He* Bnw Cmartbio. rfgbt land 

drive, metaibc rad Mh cram 

Natan taather kanar Mqm&chI 
and mique 


n iad Hu 

- Lndeu. 

PHONE B1-74I 8871 



SOtEtaurm nma me kbit 
TF 1700's arattablB lor 
Inspection & dwKnstiaiiun 

DemwttraBea car available 
lor fcn— Slain Mhrary. 

wmuiLKvauiKS, ran 

TK15W0I I 


(0732) 032241 

. h west London ' 
Finance, Luahifl. 

74B 2877 A MB 0012 

1981, very good roodltioiv. long 
wtafl bw. 30.000 nuns, reem 

engine. Iona range furt tanks. 

roof rack. security fittings. four 

AMlwr Mno caw radio, rrtt- 

ablo. regularly mitnurined. UK 

rep. kmi nanMunUiwmal i* 

. flKlo C7.0OO. TrtaOSBBi 6B3SO 


Inkcuon. all while. 1984, 
28.000 mh. £400 ' ««»• 1 
owner E4.900 Tel Horn- 
churrfi 46069 

export ut free Mn (PtcieUfl. 

O & A nuun dealer 061 224 


(MM 1SS4 B. ether 19.000 
mike, one owner, extras inci 
rtcc artel A sunroof C5.-5O0 
ono 0429 223709 

MONTtM TURRO > *S6 a Moan 

raker Mur- 8.000 mffln. 
MaKands manufarturers war- 

ranty £7.998. (03021 62886 T 

M June 85. 

ESR. stereo, hi tm macula le me- 

tallic mu 18.000 mites. Private 
sale ce.95a Tel 06806 2328. 

RDUULT2STS March 80. Roy 

al Blue. 6.000 mis only, as new 

■CAJMO 096782 23t (Oswni 

untmr hew 

580 8L. IS ft CARAVAN 

1884 Show modal 
Very tufly eqtnpped. l 
factory wananty. 

£4,950 tad VAT 

TR: 8473 43888 

Pack. 6 speed. Met Grey. 
Webasio Roof. Tow Bar. MET* 
car ROQ CASS, bimiac. Quick 
sale wauled hence price. 
AR60 0. . T ckoaaa 262349 
(day) 0277 363290 mes> 

RAJWC ROVDt. Excehem cow»- 
Iton. 11 82 Y reft. Auto. 
36.000 nriles- £7.500. Tel: 
1021 ■ 655 0739 taller 6 pmL 

SUPRA A prfl 1986 while, man- 
ual- 18.000 miles. PSH. 3 year 
extended warranty, hunacu- 
laie Owner gotn? abroad forces 
sMe or Ms pnde fcvt joy. 
£9JWa Cnehnsford 364994 

A KB VOLVO 7*0 OU auto. 
30 000 miles. Anthraciie Hack 
metallic, elec sunroof. My 
trine St an usual refinenienis. 
£7.985. Mr Lee OI-* U 7241. 



□as Bn TamOESR. RaranOm 

QOS sn MTO ESR. Ftorsrone 

CX2S CT1 TUB80 Pari 

aasen jarro wn» 

cm tsn auto esr. puh 

Btta* tar 

1st Amt 

: 61 283 Offn. 



RENAULT R* QTX - 1988 iBl 

Aula. 2-2- 5 door saloon. Dec 

me suhno roof. All posdMe 

extras 6 special radio cassede. 

Bern Under laooo miles. A* 

new ESJSOOTel : 0993846949 


metantc slhergrey. Full speafl- 

ralion. as new. &000 miles. 

Cl 2. 000. Tel (02581 820691 

by private buyer Telephone 
01-907 1739. 

RANGE ROVER 1985 Y neg. 4 
Door Aum. Air eon. Sahara 
Bnge MDI Car Excellent 
Good. £8-960. 0868 31749. 

Air con. 1 owner. 20X100 mH. 
Mel Blue Exrefleiu tend. Ortfy 
£15250 04 80 73921 Jerry T 


AO makes. Best prices 

Barry HaWday 

A«oscarch (iaq Ud. Hertford 



•AntaaMi . 

• tostt dakiov ERWZn 

• 30 CVS la suck CUEBJ 

• Gena, beg (tab R .' ' 7, 

• frasco/PX aaUSa 

653 High Road, 
Finchley, N12 ODZ 

TOYOTA SUPRA B rep Maroon, 
aulo. MIT* car. 15.000 nris. 
bnper rand, lyr Mfr warranty. 
G9.7E0. ono. Eves 01 466 
3618. Work: Ol 828 2366 X 26 

ASTRA GTE. C Rep- 4.000 mb. 
power steednq. Sunroof, alarm. 
Mke rack. 3 yr warranty. 
£6.980. 01-468 8638 c wknds 


Blue. 4Q7 miles only £8.995. 
Tel: Mr Turner Ol 642 3651 T 

Shapei. FSH. auperb £7^196. 
Tel. 0742 363321 /7BBOS8 tT> 




For a limited period and onl y from Mann Egerton 
we are making Monlegos a most attractive 
proposition. From just £5,495 on the road with 
speoal low cost finance giving a weekly payment of 
only £33.00. Contact your nearest Mann Egerton 
branch today for full details. 









sss^. i » r ” rek ' 




£ 112SS1 

S 751 M 


i U&5& 

amts hi 


\v. i 

jf, ; toto . t « JR . ;s| 


*0n die n*ad price includes 6 r mirths mad tax. plates and de&ray. “ Addnn mal SSDonyuentatinn Fee wirh first pannenL +Thb 
represents a epical Austki Rm'er Finance inleresi rale (Df a new Montego iriJulv lHSli. VVnnen details available. Ciediia\aDaWeloamTme 
lRyearsukl and over, subject to status. Otter ends 31 August WS6. 



COLCHESTER; 0206 86281 1 . HITCH1N: 0462 50311, HUNSTANTON: 

0485333435. KINCTS LYNN: 0553 763133. LEICESTER: 0533 669393, 0533 352587, 

LOUGHBOROUGH: 0509 262710, LOWESTOFT: 0502 61711, MORDEN: 01-542 822!. 

NORWICH: 0603 6283S3. NOTTINGHAM: 0602 787701 RADLETT: 09276 5681. 

RI CKMAN SWQ8TH. Q923 773101. ST ALBANS: 0727 66522. WALUNGTON: 01-669 212L 
WHETSTONE: 01-445 8822, WIMBLEDON: 01-9460123. WORCESTER: 0905 27100. 

/ X 

/ XK x 


LuxuryUsed C\rs1 


GRFY. 1-KWD M1LKS120500 I ill IF INTHUOH, FAR. 1 5lW 
SWA- PORSCHE 9U MilKsttSwis 

WHITKONF tMTlIFH. ikuwi GlMRI)sRHl.sirNRrif)l-. 
MILKs U4995 17000 MIT J-s LI72S0 


WIMBLEDON. Ask for Rogir Hamihon. 

01 946 0123 ( WeokiiavsK 0 1 642 




037G 71133/71 425 




LUIwmt a soMur 

asueu exfact era 
nmn.T7s nm 

RBWAT snnao 

ramor 2B3 cn Ctortnto 
FBJGE9T 305 Eb 

rmd xra 

P5JR8 XBZ ' 













rhuoattoml a 



power window, roof outo. 
like mi. icturnlng USA. muof 
wl. 26.000 milev CG-EOO. Tel 
(02721 B6E718 


Irrcd. aulo or numuAI wuh air 

rond. LHD and RHD from 

C12.9SO phone 0252 317640. 

VIHAM SB A m. Sunroof 
While Ernmac 24.000 naln 
only Low profile lyre*. 
Panasonic nesriw. £5600 Tel 

Ol 296 0662 xlavl or 01 828 

0099 I after 8pmi 

FORD ESCORT CabrioM hriccl 

8S. White. low.ihUcaqr. extraaJ 

CO. 995 Dina. 0625 574707 




RENAULT 11 Aula Feb 84 iAi 

Reg One owner, bhie. 6 lOO 

mile*. Imnw rond. FSH 
L4JWO. Trt 01479 3119. 

Tdepkooe tar Prices 

0462 678191 

XR3L Black 19B4 iBi. Sunroof. 
Allcq. wheeb. Tuned sta». 
Eierlrofur slereo. One ota-ncr 
from new Low nuleage. FSH 
Guarantor available. Taxed 
Pnrr- CS^895 Trt dav 0985 
317890. Eve: 0985 5070? 

fi Spd 5.000 miles. Ai new 
Only E7.560 0604 409441 T 

SUZUKI JEEP. Soli loo. red. A 
req Lady Otaner 19.000 m. 
U.6SO 0965 78484 

WHAT offer* BTA 1L Manna 
Auiomahr.' Ring TavWort. 
lOa?2l 853561 

XR3I B red. while. 16.000 mitav 
all extra-.. £5.595 ono Tet 
025? 5 30166 





01-427 4993/4 


84 or later Prhate Only 
Radlrtt Herts '0927-ai 7712. 


Carnduin red qrev 86 86. 
Midland^ area 0902 895686 



F AIRFIELD OFFER 1986 5251 2 

dooi Diamond. Lux pack 
S seat* SJ5DO mis £14.996. 
Trt 0702 716911 

2mnOber Uhr ESR TRX. SPOd- 

m 7 000 mis £19 996 Tel: 

0702 716911 



Hi • 



* .? 

635 CSIA 


FmstBd n Bate BJw with 
Black learner. 33JOT_mls. 

Office 8293 37528 
■342 712061 

732S. Automatic 1980 iWi In 
dei 57 OOO miles Metallic 
rhntnul with anthraciie mtrn 
oi Central locking Sunroof, 
wmdpwv wing mirror* and 
aenri all electric Head lamp 
wait wipe Ailin'* Blauounrt 
stereo radio cassette i4 speak 
cm Superb performance, 
rveilmi rondilioit U.996. 
Tel Lincoln >0522i 24077 

• V -• - 

b> it-. 1 -' - 

V = A 

323L x reo Drr 81 immar 
broiirr Mint be seen OWrim* 
i Ik I 5 speed. PAS- aUoyk sun 
looi untv Metro, ctw 
druei/minars Fun Sen ice 
Hnwri Onb' 44.000 rnt* One. 
o«, ner Mura abroad. v»d lo sen 
C5 750 Ono Tel Ol 274 1276 
oi from Monday 039S 27 j 895 
316 AUTO B Reg. While FYonl A 
fern MHHters. Sunroof Cpiad 
olrreo 16.000 IMIn FSH Ml 
maculate condition £6.996 
Trt 0734 418 579 Home OTS9 
44344 \ 1700 Office 
BMW M31 September 1983 Soe 
rial Edition. F S.H 1 oumer 
BBS vnrrti A spoiler, Manv 
factor* filled eMTO* C&aOO 
ono Tel02757JI200dayimiO 
681506 meiung* 

3181(4 noon imroarutaie Henna 
ird Rev Mai ft*, tun tuv para, 
net* ures. wxirahtv spoiler 
Pmncei R C. SI .000 mtlcs. 
to 150 021 368 7436 w«k 
031706 US home 
3231 0 D. RA HarL/Blari. mien 
Ot Recaro*. Alku* elec S/R* 
LidUou-iAmnof*. « maser 

Mneo immaculate C*-W5 
Tel Mt CartoO Ol 244 8641 
ofi 01 609 9918 Hm 
73SM SC 1 984 An ran AES 
Ciuim- OBC Wi SR W 1 
nm 79 000 WH BMW fSH 

PX welcome Oi 602 

43J& OdbO 030095 T 
3201 AUTO. 1984 A met MUP. 
Mill 14 000 nua*» Mutroof. 
AM rvi Stereo Cat*. i*t ooer 
nun on* l owner rSH. (V 
rnoU ca OOO Trl 0932 4848$ 
73SI AUTO 84 Safari Brtoe. 
s root uns stereo Ran cav 
0(11* 18000 mh FSH I 0**0 
Vt imhW rond £12.996 Tel 
01 4«7 3123 or 01 778 2206 T 
MUSI last *u*er t a. r xxaleev 
b Mined manual Mm row 
i«dm imfttr F$*f warranU' 
in Dei \ QOMl rood CUSO 
MiMTmqlon (090661 2660 


1982 (X) Blue wiUi grey nun- 
S Speed- PAS, Beane Root 
ABS. Radio Aassrttt. 54-000 


Tct 0271 42346 (H) 
74161 (O). T 

BMW 52W 1984. low nri leave. 
Many extras w«n maintained 
and looked after director* car 
_ Muu «efl. rewacc m cn t car due 
1 AuQutl Need rash for new 
ear Prepared to sell well below 
market tame -wih~ool _ 
CUSOono emu terms can be 
arranoed Phone Office ro494i 
21674 Home 1062861 24202 

BJM.W. 318 i Cn«. While witn 
contrawno btoch invedoc 
30.000 num approx While al 
lay wheels Rear spader. 

sunroof cfcrtnr windows & 
BiaummU radio rasMde Mta 
aunamai ct-scotci Wheal- 
lej (086771 3639 

1983 BLACK 7281 AUTO Lues! 
model £*cry rxtrd uyfudea 
rear head mimniL electric 
sun roof and window* alloys 
ABS brakes Radio cassette 
One owner Perfect example 
C8.1SO T« 01 605 1640 

628 td X Neo 1982, automatic: 
red hide uphomrv. stereo *ye- 
Hdi. BMW mala dealfr ser* iced 
& recently 45.000 mb. Very 
smart uo nr Exrebml rond. 
OUKk *4le C9.O08 TW 1084441 
tOj 5238 Eves 5519 

7821 Atdo. 83 V Directors Car 
fed* r» bvl blue seiour. electric 
sunroof 4 windows, ahor 
xMcH, rear tpNirr. amn. 
rrtiKr control compuier. 
Biaupunki rad caaartlr £6.760 
ono Tel.(04*a> 6S7S1 

S1SC. 1983 t¥i Metallic 

Uehl tiher pm with irtour 
m tier* known extra 
C9.9S0 Trt 10611342 6789 

MW nst 1984 B re*. umiMre 
Blue PIS aHm*.* r. lull body 
kil.MMSs fabulous C9.TOO Con- 
bKlklrHOdOMNlOai 9414256. 
IRS E 1985. V bronre bef pe. 
auio. 58.000 mrtm. air miras. 
FSH fauinem romUtnn. 
C7.660 Trt 0207 707131 
3231 W re* 8 door maauaL uw 
imieaop Mh. or ores' Good rond. 
C5.445 Tel ffnciW fO*38l 
814708 81 2740 
KM .'A SC "84 1 own. aege triu- 
58000. mh C9.90O TrL Ol 
868 9826 iOiOI 670 581 3 *H l 
3t8t Al TO B5 C Lam BUM* 3 
Dr CetH ld9 Pioneer IT .OOO 
mh f.7.690 Tel 01 809 Z224 
320) AUTO 1980 . WlMc/OOKk 
lrm». 21.000 mile* C9.795 
Tel Mr Turner Ol «A2 5601 T 
735 f AUTO Smer me! 83 lYi 
63.000 mh 1 «nr Juh 58.996 
021 786 1845(3132 T 
NEW BMW’S . All BHXMS 10 Of 
dm STOi's U 1 Mock Larflr 
riiMOunh Trt 0227 T93010ITI 


IMS. New stops. uMrats 
spadfetaon ffdmSng or 
□nfitonng. Btntod sRj 
cwtarantial. dosa redo «a box. 
aUoy Hrimts. Raauo atariw; 
twaUtamp wash wipe, power 
stews, etasric door inferos. 

Office tax - 01-221 1473 

3201 raM 22JX»nrik* cany Dec 
root, windows, mirrors. PAS. 4 
speed uno. alloys- * epraker 
BioupunkL Dark prey mal ell ir. 
Private sale £7^60. 

ChrbTu rner 


. i (CL 2.000 mis only. 

met- esr. CTG. CLOOO Ca». M 
epoch etc Quick -Srie £12.996 
OnoAh Ing £2.0001. Trt 1 07*31 
864681 M. 01^74 7477 a 

an IY> Re* *7.000 nrilem. pun- 
roof. Biaupunki stereo, fun 
MMor%'. ex c ellent rood! Hon. 
C4.800 Trtewwnr 01-609 
8112 i HOMO 

WANTED 3201/3231 AUK). New 
shape By pm ale buyer Tele- 
Phone Ol 907 1759 



Wanted Any year, any model, 
anv milraar Phooe Ol 608 
6253 das- 608 0685 eAv'emfc T 

BMWrsjNSTANT Valuallons na- 
iKHiwfde Call John Da* In now 
on 0463 35466 fT> 

WANTED BMW'S 1978-1986 for 
ihrbettgnce Trt: Ol 602 4245 
or settle for leas. 

WANTED BMW. whi buy and col 
led *ame day DHtance no 
oMcct Ol 764 9803 


844 Jan i960. 4-800 ntiiev man- 
ual. while with burgundy 
pinstripe, a roof, snort seals, 
heaictl seats, forttghiv oUm 
ntiras, rrafly hnmandalr 1 
ou tier CIS. 100 ono. 01-968 
9719 965 3850 

18*5 B REG 844 LUX: Met«r 
*kv Mue. air condtitofihig. etc 
i 0-500 mh Snow Room candi 
non Must be seen. C14.9G0 
Tor a last sale call: 061-427 
4467 or 061-832 7844 

Gabrto. 83. Gufton. LSD. md 
erv span seats. 17.000 miles, 
reoularh xccilced C 28 JZ 26 . 
Trt Mr Prince office hours 01 
500 1980 

911 CARRERA Spec! Taroa 
>964 79.000 tMta FSH. POM. 
while Mark. I own aiulinriv 
imni aruiaie C2S-780. HPPX 
Mr Bread 0763 888581 tT) 
924 LUX aulo X reo. 31 .000 mta- 
dart, brown wuh oatmeal inleci 
n stereo, s roof, alarm, nat 
xnxKtxl. good condil Wall 
hOta C7.500 Tel Ol 238 7638 

01451 6000 

Cuards red. Marh leather & 
doth Interior. 
(Ti- extra. FSH. new tyres. 
C22J500. f 04841 684715 

924 LUX 1981 W RP9 MetalRT 
slhrr with (oaino siher and 
black brrber upholstery Sun- 
roof Pioneer stereo radio 
cassede AUoy wneehk Flan 
AFN service htoory 53.000 
nriles. ExceUcnt condition. 
C6.7BO Trt Ol 870 1796 

PORCHC *44 TURBO Jub' 86. 
mrlalUc Bhfr bur«tinay. Car- 
rara Wheels. Fun speemrauon. 
2.000 miles. Prhair twostra- 
Uon. £29480 Trl .06036 32865 
t of her how*) or 060 88595 

KHKHE92S S2 A >79- ExceBmt 
condUkm Bvrgund^- red wiih 
conlrastmo brtoe leather interi- 
or Many extras. Low mUeaor. 
Pmaie sale. £23500 Trt . Ol 
966 3306 A 01 451 6481 

PORSCHE 928 SO 1988. cham 
pagne metaUr red. 11.000 
miles, lull sen Ice lusiorv. 1 
owner, pnstipe condtuon- 
C3CX600 ono Trt ou ice nonrs 
061 852 6635b 

911SC Taroa. LHD- T3£ model, 
fun turbo spec/body "86 
Cwtwa spec Met ParUK- 
Mue/black nwstrtoe tnt.exn urt- 
*atr rep. ascrape imles. 
£12.960. ono. Trt Ol -935 8270 

811 CARRERA Snorts Otbrhrirt. 
u nue. A red. 1984 Fun triad 
leMher interior. 23000 nrik*. 
£21 .006 Telephone Mark Ol 
730 8088 

911 CARRERA Taroa SC. 1986 
■Ci- Guards Red- 20 BOO mite* 
C26.960 Trt 01 749 4656 lOi 
fuU luslon* from Toilets of 

RCrtim SURGEON Offer* Kov 
85. 924 £. jemaU *u*er. PAS 
Sierra. Immar. 7.000 nulrs. 
C1&800 0246 882434 
928 52 1985 Blue MH. Amo. i 
onr 6 nnhs man warraniy 
29.000 mh FSH G£t>.7SO.PK 
A HP avail Tel 01735 5135 T 

V fill Turbo Pordie 

1982. 27.000 rate. Light Uae 
maaftc- Fully equpped with 
ar owitonna sun mot ac. 
Wefl mantamed wtta know 


i man 


Tat 8525 220538 



924. 5 spmL 1982 (X], ttt 

mankc iaonng sut Drey, fib, 

pdm. e.w. weraay t«fy AndjJ. 
£7^00 HM SHORT 
TbJ SI-251 5783 01) 
■r 81-828 3111 

IDsd Hcaqr ( 0 ) 

PORCHE 811 TUKtO . C trt. 
10.000 miles. Guard red with 
eoatrasllng black leather uphof- 
slery and red WPtns. Director's 
car One owner only. Firm 
banner's draft for C3&S00 will 
secure tins suberb ear Trt 
0926 493054 (office hours! 

PORSCHE 844 LUX 1984 >B1 
White, worts seals, dec sun 
roof. Her door mirrors, best 
Panas o n ic radio cam. new 
lyres. FSH. 25400 TNte- Pri- 
vate sale cidjiaa. Rina Mr 
OQry Office Oxford (06651 
882283. Home ->086731) Sit 

944 LUX Manual Fab 85. Zer 
man Siher. 16X00 miles. ESR. 
pom. LPT. alarm, tanmarulaie 
Cl 6500. 0244 693216 Office 

PORSCHE 944. 84 spec 12 83. 
Guards Red wiin Mack uptMH- 
*im 21.000 miles As new 
Cl 5.500. Trt. >0211 353 0739 
tafirr 6 pmi 

PORSCHE 924 LUX 1983 SU*CT. 
S S roof, rtertnr windows, 
PD*f. S9J000 nriles. immacu- 
late C7.700 TM 061 6256917 
mrnuiqs and kfhfisfc. 

944 1986 series. Reg oa. auto, 
sunroof, riffs' extra. Export di- 
rector* car. hence LHD. S3. 
urn. ci7.ooa No Offers. Prv 
tale 10704)64629 Office 32B79 

RUrk/btack pm 
«1W 4-2SO miles. Air condl- 
uoran« Dcrtnc sonfoof fitm 
iro made 1986 £20600 Trt 
06385 2654B 

844 84 (A) Leu hand omc, Mm 
imh-aoe. excellent rmufllion. 

£11.400 ono Ol 085 5429 

924 LUX A Una. >5000 mb- Red 
tier « roof, rad cast, alarm 
rtf C10.750 084*21 2097 
B24 5 1985 RedAuacs mm. 
5/roof MOO mile*. Cl 6.793 
Trt- Mt Turner 01 642 3631 T 

PORSCHE S44 1984 A re* 
Mack checked Interior Good 
condition. £15.995 Ono. Office 
hour* 1022023) 4382 




groan pfmtnjwwtour. 


- LEEDS 508454 - 


13 40. comertMe. 
42.000 careful mue* by 2 elder- 
ty lady owner*, meticulously 
matniafoed. Maroon with Mack 
Inferior £1 -500 for this sped- 
men car Phone W24 36663 
SuMm fTl 

Blue, tan Ini- BDMO mb. 
1977. 6 mlhs lax. stereo, cm. 
oil Pressure oauae. Fine condt. 
£4000 ono. 0932 2*3580. Wal- 
lon-on tlnmcs. wknds after 4. 

■MB OTU.-Wng. CompMr 
professional n- Mnld. including 
2 litre cn 9 uie. Walnut trim. 
Leather unhoWery Radio ca»- 
svue 2600 miles. £S.7Ca Tef 
Ol 778 6KB W days. 


1962 Aston Marin DEM finished 
In Brash rang pesn. red hide. 

4 speed with overtime. 



Tel 01 731 3734. 


hrory/Wacfc trim. 1 owner. 
6,700 miss. Fiat 2 Gtra en- 
gine. Rev luggage rack. 
Wfrn wfiaeb. 


0702 354478 

SCMdTAR GTE Auto. 1 98S. grey 
mhfiPir. 2&DOO mh. u Mal. all 
extras, an co ltd. a s mh. mot 
prhline. C8.7SO ono. Tel 01 
2S4 9734 from Man pm 

EBO SL. Metallic diver, grey 
leather upnoteiery- rodretors 
Item, new gear box. re sprayed 
rtcrv it or. taxed, and tested. 
C6500. Trt 102681 69*742 

AUSTIN BM S 1934 Oey Im- 
nucutatrii’ restored Bin year 
'Onomai lopboou. lasted a. mot 
C 6.T96 ono. Teh Mrs Crowdni 
0263 *2001 Office Hr*. 


Convertible Rhd. 11.000 ml*, 
an pota-er option*. Superb fnns- 
inqnurtune £10.000 ono Tel: 
Ol -673-31 10 tetes) 

JAGUAR 2.4 Tan A 

MM. 65.000 recorded mileage. 
\ C.C Sale W auction me 
hour cootrnU Nr Keflrrtnn. 
NorthanO. July 51H OetaiK 
irom Aurtwneers: HeamcMe 
BaH A CO. 78 St Nicholas Or- 
rlr. Lrtrrrter Tel: 0533 


Bromc unti hard/vri lops- Lr 
gmr calls 20.000 MOT ta«h 
new exhaust, tan* Mid make*. 
Bod* qonla punroark reason 
note C7.00O. 0789 295227 
fuudtier 1971 Lcn to ono 
rand. Red with Black ml S*i 
pert, ihrouofwri Personal re*. 
£12 500 Tel 0625 S26496. 
1953 XK120. C nerry red. wprr 
sporis roadster Lurestored. 
Neta.-rearpaprt.mii Hr Taxed. 
MOT Best rtfer over IS OOO 
secures 0892 KWB 
DAIMLER V8 350 1968 Green 
Aulo e&OOO MH Esrrtleni 
orMnal eondlUon. 3 outters 
rgJlSO 0747 870674 
TR4A RS 1967 restored. Red. 
Black ml Chrome wires War 
rant* C&250 0386 852*24 T 

TIMA ULS. 1967 Red. fuay re 
stored to wohest standard, wire 
wheels. >Pen in no* also a* am 
■C5XWJ. Tel: 0335 (Derby*) 
42760 Dose Sen fee SUUOti. 

TRIUMPH STAG. auto, black. 
1978. 3300 mb, BlauMidM Ste- 
reo rod/can me «md. C3.995 
ono 'Trt 01-866 5318 

\OL*D LS 1800. 1973. Reg GOI 
1999. its MOT. beautiful 
Uirnnlmri L3JBS0 After 6 
mm or weekends 01 771 5095 

MERC 250 SL 1968 Spam Auln. 
H S loo* PAS. While. Reg. 5 
ACT £6.760. flW 69160 

VL2 ROADSTER JAG ansolutrtv 
superb, full dealer facilities. 
Cl 2.995 TeL-OI 462 2242 Off. 
Raek-li 6738 rve* T 
BENTUCT 82 1986. Ivory With 
BuroundV I rim. Immanilale. 
£7.500 After 6 p633 552967. 
KGB GT 1981 Ltmlled EdIUon. 
uivn. esrccmonal condition. 
£4.350 Trt: 025 671 3797 
MGC GT 1981 Ordinal Uiroogh- 
out 44.000 mis MOT last. 
115.000 OI 393 0934. 

196! hi daily use Oilers over 
C7CO Dorsrt 0258 B40655 


mcW GREG Golf GTI ComrrilMr 
CC mndel Vs him Blue hood. 
L K su dp £10.250 Devonshire 
Cars Trt 0803 655544 
NEW BOLT GTI 5 dr. stiver m 
sion. + me full v w Audi range 
lien ICC Ol 202 H59o. 

A RES (SEPT 83) 

Contours. Mars ted. Quattro- 
sryle starts. 2144 cc 5 cymrier. 
new Ronal wbeels/Cintursio 
Prs. Btavunta 4 aeatar sareo. 
PAS. suvoofl. Ril service hs- 
tmy. nafliQjned GTi Engexsemg 
Stivefsiona. SMOO mtes. Amva 
company car forces relucram 
sale, hence £6^00 wo. 

Office horns 6284 67181 
Horn Sicktesmare 
(B2S-486) 8816 


available (or 1 August 
delivery. Audi 90 Quattro with 
leather mt. 

Selection of Golf GTl 's with 
PAS & leather int 
Mr O'Brien 
0254 40521 (T) , 

AUDI lOO CD.iBi Reg. Silver. 
non-MTKriu'rs car. 53.000 log 
distance, mdm by Llncolmhirc 
OM.ner. rool rart Meier CLini- 
29rd. AGC. £5.850 Phone 
' Alrol 0469 40174 >DAYl: 0607 
b04 9b2 i EVES'. 

V.W. GOLF Turbo Dtesrt CL I 6 
1465 /Octi C nrg. one owner. 
15k miles: FSH: immoruUle. 
r\trj5 me sunro of. Ii nted ^tass. 
sirreo rawne. CTI allow a 
mrt paint First oMerof £6.7SO 
secures. Camberlev 681419 

GOLF CTI V ri* 1 owner. Mjis 
red. kernel sooner*, oilovs. sun 
roof, pionerr radio caMirtlr. lull 
sen ire hisiorv evreliem ronm 
lion, unmarked. 01.500 ono 
Tef 01 305 1587 

GOLF GW Convertible Coed con 
diuan. 1485 B reg all black inc 
inierioi. 1 owner. 6.000 miV-v 
ulKrt'. radio caswflc C9J30 
(UM Tel Ol B53 2777 

AUDI QUATTRO 1989. B ng. 
uhite. VKjod rOfidilKMl. £14.995. 

ono- Office hours <022G?-V 

80 SPORT Red. July I98S Sun- 
roof Alarm Sierra radio. 
Immarulaw 37 OOO miles 
C6.80O Ono Te! Graham on 
0225 61749 olive hours 
suit tool, wrtlrni roMHIlou 
iniouqhotd. 32.000 miles- *84 
C6 100 ONO Rum 104255' 

rk irun/aulH ui Jitatue uam 
stork, rolaul rholrr- 0582 
872182 Open fr unikW dealer l 
mane. Mark, verv low ntueaw. 
FtaH BBS wheels, hods ktl.Mi 
wn t7.295 0582 417505 T 

round ior 
’ deals on 
Add;\ W 


MAeTTCM'T.f fil-534 >6| 

S4777!RfFA T.f r//-2.»«H44 


Tek 42547 

Nadi 5AM 906 5 Or Intcit- 
tk in SAw Met Feted 
d/Cas ROM nto — £8,250 

[ B HtankSMB 90S 4 Dr SUoon 

U8. 17X00 ims. Feed 

: S/a E/W_„ CtJM 

SAM 900 Turbo 16S 

nth cutout match ar- 

l7.C0fl mb. Vera Ml 

EMP engno. ESfl. A/C. 
— — Z1Z259 




Tornado red. sun roof, 
stereo, as new. 


0203 56325 

QUATTRO TURBO '84. mrunir 
hi ur FSH. kilol spec. aU rs- 
lr*. Cl 7. 500. i0734i 698274 

AUM QUATTRO Feb 1985 « hue. 
hiai-k ii-amer. «un real. 
ilva sierra nswn. mud flaps. 
Ilnor mart .. rtf It 000 mdev 
Imnwuldii-. -Jill under w.irrju- 
tv L 22 &» w <»iin anvalp 
rra no EMUS £24-145 \«T> 
reiuriaiir sale Phom U'liku&on 
I«74 hOObOO or 094 T- 863155. 

\ Vs hoi e over 30 new 
Coll CTi's. 3 A 5 dr nuxb-K A 
ram r-rliWes irtan/Julos in stnrli 
fnr immed del Buv nens A brat 
i he pure inrrrose 0582 
873132 Open Sun. 


GW! GTl's 3 5 5 door BiiMi 
some mih pouer slemnu. 
thOKt- nf over 20 aiaitaMe 
fromslork 0682 8721 82 Open 
Sun i-lulhofivrd V H dejleri 

VW GOLF GLS. Aulo Mrfulllc 
Silver uilh 4frv rlolh lufertor 
23 ICO tminv Rnartlnrud Frtmi- 
an 1981 .W i C-V»0 ono Trt 
CM! Cl 202 5l9a,*0SS9. 

W POkPfid' 0! 43S 3363 


SAAB 900 TURBO: Auo 95 4 

door FSH MeLalhr blue J2 
■ nonlhs n dr rants l! 300 
Te|.-»I3S2I 668 ti or iD4353l 

3369 Tie-.: 

900 GLS AUTO. 1°S4 B tc% 
tahdn l J non miles smuoof 
Metro mild raudilmn £6.500 
ono Trt 01 989 2o90 




tolllumon 0274 600040 or 

0943 B62ISS. 

T/~k ■« private sale. 

UJ U 1 C 2 .&QQ or offer 

Tel 0253 693720 

Ollrfi around 


0502 78234 T 


DEB 18. DW IS. OJW tSorvimi- 
vn . nnvdir bum. 0753 
822005 Daytime 

Coatfancd oa Next page 



TEL’Oi-481 4422 

01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 

TEL - 01-481 4000 




n** .v 1 - 





For the finest used cars 

1985 Bender Mufoonne 
Turbo *R". LVep Ocron Mua 1 
Bege: 6J.11 nulcv. 166,950 

1962 Rdb-Royn Camargue. 
Sevdwfle MuiyMjgnofu: 6,000 
miec £53300 

1985 Roik-Rova Silver 
Spirit. Ocean Bhit'Beigtr I6XD0 
mite: £48,950 

1984 Bentley Mulsaime 
Turbo. CVrp Ocean BWrifeige 
9jflM miles: £48,750 

1984 Rolls-Royce Silver 
Spirit. Coral/Brice: 8,000 miles: 

1984 (B) Rolls-Royce Silver 
Spirit. CWp Ocean Blue' Beige: 
16,750 mite: £46^500 

1984 RoDa-Rflycc Silver 
Spirit. fiiewt Green/ Betge: 
:i.000 mllK 145^00 

1984 Rolls-Royce SiHcr 
Spirit. Light Orvan'Dark Bhfe 
UL250 mite: £43,950 

1985 (B) Bentley ‘8’. Ronl 
Bfue/Be^e 18,745 miles. £42,950 

1982 Rolfc-Royce Silver 
Spirit. Light Owur/Red: 3ZjOOO 
miles: £34^950 " 

1980 Rolli-Royce Silver 
Shadow II- Black with Uiret 
rooC'Dark Red ftnkmoc 21.000 
mika: £25,950 

1976 Rolls-Royce Silver 
Shadow. Silver Sand with 
Walnut root'Btdge: 64 ,570 miles: 


For farther details please ring us on 01-499 8342. 





low CoM. Wiin brown nxw 
Hr.if1 ml 1o all vUi 55.000 

link-, Life °50 HenlV* m Salts- 
hurt 0722 JiSSSl 



rulra*. For tour vm King 
truunvmml rail HiIIki Hill on 
ilWJi OUU56 

CORN KMC FHC. - 76 met vpKr. 
•pivhii ml 57.000 m OuMaiid- 
tirj tl * 500 0272 57504® 


Co Ltd 


1985 B 


to latest soM te mm. Mailed 
Mack aA txw lade Manor. Mack 
Me top ton. tege Me tow rail. 
Manned radotof gnl WSW. TUs 
sioera I caw whole bos been 
datffor nartaaed S has emend 
wfo 12.000 mte. TSH tKJSm. 


0482 225261 




Appointed M.O.T. 
Test Centre 

01-871 0922 

Woodlands Way, 
Putney SW15 



wB carry out accktom 
repairs. HO T. faibres. 
Servicing 6 M.O.T 5 . 

On aM makes of veMctaa 

Tel: Bookham, Surrey 
59475 or 56947 

UiW 4 BecKJey Garage, 
Guridtord Road, 
Great Booknam. 
Surrey. KT23 4RQ 



Tel: Mcoptuun (Kent) 

(0474) 812498 


M.P.W (Comicne shape). In 

n made / 

■nmacuUie condition . 

outside. Regal red wuh ran ma- 
nor. expensive Berea system, 
garaged, rapstranan - 11 KP. 
(USA mutable). Bast otters 
over £ 22 . 000 . 

Please pbam 
(891) 2814872 - 
eves lad mfcnfc. 

(091) 2614461 ■ office hit. 

1982 (Y) 

Finished in forest green with 

matching moss green Me. 
“ with FSH. Our 

35.000 mOes 
Chairman a car. immaculate 


Contact Mr OTMOy 
0493 857711 T 

wnur TURBO R. May IMS. 
in mason Mark wllh bourn hide, 
top ft bottom rolls. 15.750 
miles, romp! (He with letenftone 
PM vn ire tllHorV £51.430 
Tel. Bob Bermrti On fee 0708 
25511. Sun 0702 7540B.T. 

SHADOW 2 VV rep. masons Mock, 
red hide piped Mark. W wall 
Ivrrv imvf hntorv. usual re- 
linemen Iv. viumunq £17.760 
ono Tel 0257 792006 or Obi 
205 5215. 

MOS ROYCS. Silver SmriL 
1 81 44.000 miles. Magnolia 
wlh brown hide upftdtsterv 
UTJOO TW (0211 369 8831 
i oilier hours' 

SHADOW ■ RR 046 30.000 
miles. nutmeg beige root. 
£23 000 Tel 0959 55478 
■eves i OoS9 50614 idayl 

FOR MRC Silver Solru. Self-drive 
or (luuneur Olher V entries 
avoiUMr.Ot 5409280 7902 T 



PORTSMOUTH <07031 830413 

341 The AidMi Fortunootb 


Driving lest can 
improve your safety 

FBI in coupon and we wHI send free details 

I AM Houw aSaCMewAHepi Rom. London W4 4H5 

TaMMna 014M 44U (Mw /Wanting Sonlcrt 


>oi Pw *dwMKad tpwwo 1 



Larch Green met/fann hate, 
everflex roof. 1 owner, CUM 
iris «a new. Omen arty by 
lady/chaufteur. documented 
floes Boyce service homy, 
tmest conation, wnH sue 
tussy/appreoatwe purchaser. 
£11508 Brighton 732485(1) 


45.000 mess. 2 owners. Mnnco 
l« story, tired aB usual refine- 
ments. Fmfoed n Hue with 
bocun m mtoto e pe»g Excel- 


TEL 01-979 4837 


1970 ROLLS a«PW 2 door. Regal 
red. (Team root, ur rood. \ 
verv smart car. £11.950. 0273 
555847. T 

Looks and drives as it should. 
Must bp seen M C 15,750 Tel . 
■Ol i u45 0857 

CORNICHC COUK 1770 Oxford 
Blue. Magnolia hide. 50.000 
miles wiih htstorv. Immarulaie 
£19.950. Tet 01 208 1635 of 
lire. 01 736 IPfW x«n -r 

ver SotriL Ire green over Forest 
green. 24.000 miles, lull IU9UI- 
rv. nrlv aie sa le. £29.800. TM 
0226 727777. 



Low Mileage: 

Cornicle Convertibles and 

Sihrer ClouffMMH and 

AD Post-war RR and Bentleys 
CaacMmiU can and 

Pj. Fetier 
Tgl 01 7856633 

86Vbfarrt6Fi Red POA 

g Lagonda Kant Green 20960 
vwrem Storm Red 3&960 
V8 AutoTburreine Z2350 
73 BOylVtamaBiWMW 13.995 
G6DB6Btue/R8d BJ60 

Always a large 
selection of Aston Martins 

Contact Roger Uonnliiyton 
Stranon nnotor Company INridUd 



Nowmber 84. racing rad. 
magnolia hkto wftn red pip- 
ing. air condbonlng. rear 
aerofoil, radio cassette, 
19,800 Ridas. FSH. 


Tetoptmw 01-531 4255 


Serial - Red and aluminium 
wiUt beige learner trim and 
bw lonneau and hood. Lots of 
extras including rietftromr ignJ- 
IKDl £8.500 Phone : Weekends 
>08921 883119 ■ Weekdays 
(08921 47771 

GOLF OTi, 1985. 1800 k. ad 
While. ruUORuscd body, wide 
wherfs. sun roof, on board com- 
PuUt. stereo, eterinc nrri ll 
57.000 miles, mini condition. 
C&2S0 ono. Tel Chrw Man mod 
on Ol 242 1630 1 Moronic* Ol- 
439 1188 £31 2265 

AUDI coupe UL, 1985.nMSaUlc 
Burgundy, mpnr and body m 
pert cond. fsh. new lyres, suor- 
nor rxiras. cs^ao ono. Tel 
(021 472) 2876 or 1021 7711 
2888 lOI 

MIHt 20.000 miles, red. C 

C reg. 1 

£ 8 . 000 . 

Fro 84. 21.000 rak. £5.950. 
Tel 1093651 6609 leve-w/emfei 

WANTED 81 82 Ferrari 4001 
Auto. Tel: 0706 345339 T 

FERRARI DIN a. 246 GTS. 1973 
red. Mack Ini. inuiUKUlale COO 
dii ion. MUIIy original, over 
£6.000 rerenlly eoenL private 
owner Often over £20.000. 
Teh 061 7081 6107 day. 

PEUGEOT 205 C7I CDnvenade. 
ctKHce of red or Azure Hue. Tel 
lor details 0384 372175 office. 
KX7, b rra. silver. 11.800 miles, 
immar. lady driver. FSH. alarm 
£7.995 Tel 01-657 71GB 
xm many many extras. Grey 
met Sepl 85. 9.000 IMS. Only 
£6.795. 021 786 1843/2132 T 


VFN 662 

1981 Essex bmttw offiOon 
no too of lOOmamjtacturexl. 
PBariascent HUB, ter con,- ful 
leather intarfor etc. 

0883 B2400 



leather inferior, 2M0O 
Over £1IU)00 as been spent 
with Mara nete m the la« 
3,000 miss. New pioneer 
rado and air cond, 
Suporb condition. 


TEL: (0628) 37113 

1980. Uatil Mur. beige mien or. 
Genuine car. 33.000 more. 
FSH. Irani spoiler. 2 owners 
Gl 7.995. Tef 01-949 4113 

FERRARI 40WL Emm manual. 

melallu- burgundy, tan hide. 

pnvale number. FSH. 2t«-0oa 
miles. 1981 £19.996. ono. Tel 
Ob846 3466. 




Contract birc/teasing 

nafbrmuicc vehicles our 
*New for 

83Z 427 3235. 








01-575 6377 
Not ingmrta. Ifcsnsad cradk 
bfolrais. Warranty ftawmcaig 
earned out by your local dealer 








MuMnsf. Irani colour, pnvale 
ouver H PB Trlephgne 
PIjyiuI 810 777 alter 7 pan. or 
Ol 098 6374 

Horn or Beni lev not older man 
2 vre. Oflirr 0TO4 32379 or 
37388 or 0704 64629 


FERRARI 248 GTS 1973 iMi. 
Red/Brtqe leather 26 000 

miles nnrv 2 owners TaUlv 
heaunlul Ihruuafjoul ET'.bSO 
Pov> P\. Tel 01 508 6252 Of 
lire 5CW 1990 home T 

ASTON MARTIN Laounda 1930 
Model. 14 OOO miles, lull AvWn 
Martin hrMorv. mei red. cream 
leal her uiienor super rondi- 
lion. £22.450 Ol 204 774o T 

Non doling No TSH. 19.000 
mis. Conriturs. £4.445 P\ 
Vselrome Tel i0«04' 85®0.1 or 
488 252 i CM lire i T 

MARCOS VS September 1984. 
nieuill8 Irani blue, leather trim. 
195 hhp. 11.000 miles 
CIO 995 Details phone 
Horaiam iO0O3i 730414. 


hire. 10.000 mb 2vis oM. 
inimar. £2 OOO ol S»n 
rail- £4 500 Tel. Ol 289 2603 
eves w'ends 

So. Red rofour nwlrned fin 
dim pars. 6 000 mfc. £6.500 
Tel IOTU2 120B87O 

jenseh m ronm oe im 3 

owner-. 3JOOO mb £4.000 
Tel IJ44S T3S4U IT 1 
Hail le.iinrr. BMupunki. 
«.l ins 0752 862 089 
I4ark mil ru* 20000 roues 
£6 oos 0734 343685/40] T 


01-969 9615 

5-7 5 — i i _ A .'''-J D “v z vv S L O i N > 11' O ''-i v 



There is no -one offering motorists in N.W. London 
better quarry sales and service than 11 s. 

For all yow jaguar and Daimler needs, we're Bret, 
foremost, best 

Contact us, very soon. 

Saks: 01 -440 8252 Sundays: 01-441 2131 
M2-204 High Street. Barnet, Herts. ~ ■ 

■ 280 $£ ■ 


to waiting » tm bat* 
BBHts A enitsa tbs, Irigtnraw 
striking aws& emy into aB bat 
foe brawBt of hearts. Body 
styling by Zander, conwrafon 
by Wage, driven by you? 

01-900 0888 


01-440 8252 

save £3.000 on new wire. Sage 
green ineiaiiir with full riw nun 
learner inienor. Lvul hign XJS 
spec Headlamps w w and trtn 
rompuier Showroom condl 
lion. 24300 me. only. E19JOO. 
Trt8361-4R7-40O7 mn. 

W mbi or 061969-36 78 
<w oaysi 

power hood, concourse. 1 own- 
er. 61.000 mile*. T reg. 
biveitment C9.96 0. Private 
>0704) 64629 or Office 32879 

DMHURMDHeewW. 1980 
•v rpQL yeMow with baue leaih- 
60.000 ml 

Tel Ol 879 3119. 

1984 B Reg. 
20.000 Mb. Superb molar car. 
vodaphone. radio rawnr - 
C16 9EO Office 0344 481123 
Home 0276 21214 

XJS £6 19B4 1 owner 28.000 
mfln. computer, wash wipe. As 
new. £11.950. Ol 700 4407 

XJ8 42 solo. 1981. rag XX 
X999K. CooaH Mua/leattwr w 

months mot. £4660. Mon Ira 
Men. Tel (0234) 60698 

JAGUAR XJS - 3.6 Cabrkdet. 
1984 (A reg). manual. 26-090 
mdes ametape wUh buck ilun 
leather. FSH. air condHMnng. 
inn computer, esc. Taxed April 
87. Barnaul 1st £14.760 se- 
rum. Tel Ol- 868 0117 


CABRIOLET V12 HE. 86 model. 
C reg. low mileage. 
WMe/MarfbOfouatt. FSH. 

Richard Motors 021 643 3335. 
XJS V 12 COUPE 1986. Finished 
in Curlew me). With Betoe hide 
ini. Air con. CruKc Electronic 
stereo. 6.000 mis. as new. 
£20800. TM: 0564 621 12. 
DOUBLE SBC HE Auto, learner 
mm. Sliver mcl. Aug 85. 
16X300 mis. immar El 9-600. 
Tel: 021 756 1843/2132 T. 
JAGUAR/ DAI WXR 1981/86 
Choice of 46 whole rangei 
£a ,995-£i 9X300 EM. 19 yean. 
PX. Tel 01-564 9833 Essex (TV 
JAGUAR XJS 42 auto. 83 A. 
39.000m. ah rand, elec */r. 
met blue. £8280 aiuck sale. 
0602 615672 / 618692 IT) 
SOVERKGN B2 Air Con Immac- 
ulate. niter grey. 47.000 mum. 
£6.950. Tel: 01-367 1B62 

(Enfield 1 . 

JAGUAR XJS HE V reg. fair con- 
diiion. usual reflnemenis. 
£9.000 ono. TM Ol 305 1587. 

XJ 3L4 AUTO Blue met. Feb 84. 1 
owner 59X300 mb. £7.895. 
Teb 021 786 1843/2132 T. 

JUS HE B rag. 18.000 mis. Ante- 
lope. 1 owner. FSH £16.998. 
Richard Motors 021 643 3336. 

JUS V12 Cabriolet 1986 Black, 
betoe. 2X300 miles. £24.995. 
TM: Mr Turner Ol 642 3631 T 


CUT SALMON require your Jag- 
uar Daimler 1 under 20.000 
milesj. I mm rebate decision, 
bankers droll, luoodwide col- 
lection TM. Mark Lewis Ol -398 
4222 Sunday 0836-202956 



De Riche 
Contracts Ltd 


per mouth 


Metro Oty £ 1 1 (LSI 

Maestro 13001 £1S8J7 
Moo lego 1 MOL £164.16 
Rover 2I6SE £195.94 
MG Moon*) EH £227-51 


5181 £238J0 
3l8i £270.07 
. 5201 £301-85 


BX 16 RS £185 J5 
BX 19 RD £195.94 
BX16 RS Estate £201.24 
BXI9 RD Estate £211.82 


Escort 1300 User £169.46 
XR3i £195.94 
Siena I.8L £195.94 
Orion iqjectiod Gbua £222.41 
Granada 1.8 GL £264.78 
RS Tuito C91.26 
Sierra XR4 x 4 £349-50 


RENAULT 5TL £127.10 

5TSE £169.46 
25GTS £275.37 
25GTX £31144 
900 Mr £248^9 
900 4-dr £275 J7 
900 Tuibo 5-dr 086-57 


Astra 1 JL £158.87 
Cavalier I600L £174.76 
Carbon I.8L £22141 
Cavalier SRi £238 JO 
Cartoon 10GL £243.54 
Senator 2Jt £333 J2 
VOLVO 740 GL £275J7 
740 GL Esau £32103 
740 GLT £375.98 
740 GLT Eme £397.17 


Polo C £127.10 
Golf C £I48J8 
GotTGTi £227Jl 

Audi 90 CD £289.00 
Andt Qoanro Conpi £397-17 

One moBihly jHiymeatjfa your mtrtoriag overheads 

Short term contract hire available 
3-6 month duration- 

telephone for details 

Tel: (0922) 614014 
or Telex 335069 

for full de tails and a written quote on any Company Car 




500 SEL 

Signal red.' cream leader fitted 
wtdi Hr totaling tens daone 
Mmg nxk. a* condHnroig. cruse 
comrai. ourode Kmowators gauge, 
ntaanc oriboHHlic Irani seats 
toalEd). came (dudd etaanc 
rev seas (heated), towered sus- 
pensnn. rtvonre wheel vetoes. 
BBS Hoy wheels & low profle 
lyres, horn tog hghts. Cbnm K950 
radio, dears ml 6 4 speakers. 
Avanta taatoer aamg nfwel. PM- 
hps m Cetear pnone. toal Dotty 
tai colav ended in red, rear hoof 
spodv. Moossahran seaetetovgef 
pwq eaess 300 BMP. foeqj- 

skms_jw« r lugs. CosM ofry 

E51DOO now tor sek. 


0484 656191 



Mirndn 500 SEL B reg- Au- 
gust 1984. Gold m Manic - 
brown inL 4CLOOO mb. biunar- 
ulolr rondltion. Fun smc. 
Eimrlc scats, sunroof Me. Prm? 
C25XXJ0 ono. Tel: 0482 
224861 or nM 0482 068825 

no SLC "81 X TT9. Metallic Cy- 

prus green wuh cream tealher 
tnimor. ctoctric sunroof, aerial 

and windows. Air conditioning. 

Clarion rauw system, ahoy 

wheels. 60-000 miles. mcWUent 
condition. £13250 ono TM 
104841 515384 I Office! <09241 
493442 I Homo) 

MERCEDES 900SCC Auto dia- 
mond blue. Air cond. ABS 
brakes. Outside temp gauge. 
Sunroof. Leather upftolst.- 
orthopacdlc scats wiih 
individual healers. Many ex- 
tras. Reg June 86. 7 £00 miles. 
£35.500. TefcOZra 745S7 

380 SE, 86 B. sflvwr gray. Hue 
vrlour UK. 8.600 miles, etectrt- 
ratly adlusied front seats, 
healed rear view mirrors, heat- 
ed front & rear seats. cefluUr 
phone. Becker radio, c as sette, 
electric sun roof. £2SOOO. TM 
01-318 9203 

230 TE . 1983 A reg. 5 speed, 
manilta brtge wuh brown doth, 
alloy wheels, rear -racing seaL 
EUaupunki stemkcassMle. FSH. 
39X100 miles Director owner 
wiling al £9^50 Tel : Ol 278 
3696 ihomel Ol 240 4567 ex 14 

280 SC V Peg. Champagne Gold, 
Brown vMour. Only 53X100 mis 
with FSH. i careful owner. 
Factory dec S/R Allow new 
tyres. Pioneer. Remole Alarm. 
Ahsolutiy mint. £12.950 ono. 
TM: Mr Fallows Ol 705 2271 
off. 04024 52082 After B pm. 

M ER CEDES 280 SEL Ant gray 
metallic. A reg 1984. excMIoit 
condition, auto, cflmalp control. 
Becker radio eastern, many 
other extras. LSXSOO miles. 
Cl 6850 Day Ol 831 9941 
Eves 01 657 9598. 

388 SEL. 19821V). Thistle gracn. 
vMour. ABS. dec seats, son 
roof, cruise control. aUoy 
wheels. Becker Mexico- One 
owner FSH. Excellent condi- 
uon. hot high imiaage. hence 
£11.500 Tel: 108831 47598. 

MERCEDES 1900. i984Breg.l 
owner. 19XJOO mis. FSM. sun 
roof. BiaupunM stereo radio 
caisMIr. tuoorb camUlmn. 
£10695 TM: Maidenhead 
37S3S m. 

ME R C EDE S 380 SL. A Reg. 
mampagne. leather orthopae- 
dic wait, cruise, allow only 
6000 miles. Becker stereo, as 
new. £21.500. Telephone any- 
time >0424) A53382. 

380 SE Oil 82 Y reg. MM Brown. 
Onty 29X100 mb. FSH. Ebc 
S. JL EJer windows ft seats. Al 
low Totally superb condiuon. 
£11.695 ono. 01 272 7076 off. 
Ol 607 2314 eves. W/endt T. 

3S0 SL SPORTS 1979. only 
48XJ00 miles from new. FSH. 
allays, electric windows, cruise 
control. brautUul cgndttMm 
throughout. £11.950. May PX 
Southampton 601133.T. 

308 TO 1884. Cream. Auto. S/R 
ABS. E/w. i onr. 32.000 rnb. 
£10.960. Teh 01 736 6135 T. 

85 (B) 280 SE 

Pemri Blue met Ext 
rear head restrauus-i 

C fitted: 
I belts. 

cruise control. togMUanp 
x sunrooL 

nsb & wpt 
Best Pioneer storo- 4.000 
mis only. 2nd yr Mere 

£ 2 (LSOO ono 
TeL 0909 473047 

450 SLC 

1980 (W> Man- 19W. Sfow 
with tan hide trim. Auto. 
PAS, Air cond. Electric Roof, 
Alloy wheels. Tints, 
Radio/casaae. Central lock- 
ing. 57.500 ads. 2 Owneza. 


(0271) 42246 (Home) 
74161 (Office) T 

ISO E COSWOKTHi 1986 Bine / 
Burn with Marti lealher ini. 
5.000 mb. EHx headlamp w/w 
& •Jr. Mtno conlrot. alloys. Pto- 
tteer graphics Me L1C supptkM. 
C22.SOD OHO. TM: KJ742J 
731314 lOfncel 


1982. Manual, tnunacutelecon- 
dIUon Bright yellow. MOT 

uwd. sunroof, ‘renirai locteUig. 

— — ortgbiaL 

serv ire htMory. Totally orloL 
Must be seen. £0.496. Tel: 8«u- 
ford 871066 

1H4 38QSL Orutee control. ABS 
braking, hard and son top. 
33.000 miles. £23.495. Browns 
Garage 04946 78478 

230 T£. Auto. White. May 82. 
61 .000 miles. S-Roof P'u» other 
extras FSH. Immaculate rondk 
UOO. £6.995. Teu 0608 50908 


AH Model* Available Now. Call 

190E C reg. 1 0X100 mites, t onr. 
auto, full lul specincanoo mr 
walnut Ulterior, red. £14.650. 
BHlrharm Motor Co Oul 794 
4597 or 793 9278 
reg. Black Grey lealher. alloy 
wheels. 57.000 tote. FSH. im- 
maculate. Cl a. 600 Dealer 
faculties. 0732 833309 m. 

X reg. sther 

Immar. 49.000 mte. c/e aircori- 
' e/w. cruise 

dunning- e/s and 

control. I owner. Mi. ™"£«r 
Stereo. £10.500. 01-449 4592. 

AUI0/P4S. lee MelrtUc 
triue/btark teatorr. 77-000 
mues only £9-996 Ol 6tM 
6252 off. 01 508 0683 home T 

500 SEL 1982 Y Champagne, 
tight brown velour. aHoire. ear. 
ISO. air. 64.000 mte. FSH. 
mint cond. £15.500. 0636 

704060 1 Of nee) 71432 1 Sunday! 

1983 280 SL Sports Manual B 
spd l owner. 27.000 miles. Me- 
LaUir blue, sports wheels, rear 
seat. ABS brakes. C1&000. Mr 
O-Brten 0254 40601 IT) 

200 TE EM* 85. Auto. Red. 
many extras. Tilted lady own. 
STS-LoSsS 0990 22701 T. 

1882 MERC 580 SEL Thistle 
green, leather. 60.000 mis. 
FSH. £12-996. 061 946 3266. 

428SEC Total Spec. Inc. Air- 
Cond. Available August IsL 
DterounL TM. 0924-263412. 

MOM. for D reg. white, an 
extra's. £27.980. Tel 01-906 
3588 (Tl 

3S0 SL, L Reg. 76.000 nDes. fun 
history. excepUonnl condlOon. 
£7.995. 01-204 770A.T' 

190 1* AUTOu C reg. Black. S/R. 
EV windows, l owner. £11.995. 
PX. Tel: 0990 22701 T. 

190E 2.3 16 Valve & s/r oof. 
Aval labia August ML Cbscmuu 
TW: 0924.263412. 

1971 MEflCEOES 
300 SEL 

Sp arfM Editiort AlUO. pas. 
excellent cOflditton. «Wj 
prizad rogistratton. nut and 
MOT fOrVyWf- 
ES^OO or ot ters. 


Evenings 0952 61Q9tO 

1902 Y 



nernr NavoPK ggge 
Swi root. ABS- ItoMIMMk 
HBrtRnu sash HR6. Nn 
40JXD rnn ra , 

5UP0» CAR 

£14, BW W» 

TEL: 0772 617872 

_J BEEN 1980 280SEL 
LHD. auto. *S- 00 °Jj£ L 
Hue. air eon. wash *w- 

stere(L not bjren vwdfwr 

4 years (as newl. offers Ol -606 


Fun Mercedes ntno ry. cnjW 
control- GUaupunht Wrr*a .May 
wheels, eiewnc windo ws. A hs o- 

lutrty »rautilul ncu^e. 

Cl 3.750. Essex- 0277 811S06- 

500 SL, w«te. Wue mL Mar SL 

66.000 mte. 1 owner, (^new 

Merc wide aoavs. P 6s. Pioneer 
4 speaker stereo, electric win- 

daws etc. Immaculate. 
C16.9SO. TH '09£4) 828998 
■Ol or <04231 501978 ■“* 

toMRCaJOpOC AUTO: Y rag. 
Jan 83. Cream- 8.000 mte. tm- 
maculate condlOon £8.750 
SStM: (04821 224861 or 
104821 668626 (eves). 

MHECEBCS 280 t.L. 83. Y. 
^mtSTbSe. sPolteTL rear real, 
alloys. Pioneer r/c. FA* L 
Cl 5.950 TW.rt>494» 4S2993 

rworkM 0636 1201 lOGUeveU 

230 TE S3, 23.000 mte. Kory. 
Auto. S roof. Elec window*. 
Radio cassette. sp MI *8 l 
owner. FSH. Immaculate. 
C9JMS0. 01-431 1080. 

DIESEL 380 G-Wapon. C Reg. 
Convertible. 1200 mte Unused- 
PX Wetcome. C9.996 VAT. 
<09041 86603 iHl 488 262 (OlT 
tBOE 1984 <lHDi 1 owner. 
E windows. » roof, nvmual 
Iran*. FSH. 31-000 m. £7.996. 
HP PX POSS- 01-460 3700 IT) 
190E 2-3 1SV. Jan 86 . 

Blue /Black Met Leftlher ^R. 
OTC. SRC AS new £21.800 
ONO. Tel: 0985 869977. 
MERCEDES 200T -83. Immacu- 
late rood. FSH- Many extras + 
new aUoy wtieeH. £7X100. Tet 
107271 36773. 

MER CE DES 380 SLC 1981 1 
owner, run Mercedes service 
history, immaculate condition. 
£13.500. Tef woklng 6S6 18. T. 
280 SE 1986 c reg 16XJOO miles 
Diamond Blnr.rlectric sun roof, 
stereo radio. £18.960 telephone 
0604 468S2. 

288SC, 1985 C Madt. roof, elec. 
irtCL i owner. .15.000 mMes 
only. £18.996 Tet 10902) 
62888 539716 IT) 

280 SE SB 8, Nautical Hue racL 
auto. ESR. afloys. rear bend 
rest- r r. remote form. 14.800 
miles. £17.500. 09262 3129. 
288 SE 1981 X. alive green, ve- 
lour. vsr. ahoy* stereo, e/w. 
62.000 mte. FSH- XBJSQO. 0636 
704060 (Office) 71452 (SlUD T 

a RED itOE . Choice of two. own 
collection. Details telephone- 
<08361 218716 

Ivan Page-Ratcliff 



untertU IW 4 to 



WMtw 881547 TX MSMZl 

; i 


Kard/saf! top. wikM iw rtm 
mfnti CTJlBa 

FSH. 1 oww. Ilrt/Mtt 
tops “JB5. 

Tkeyrisa Ms (8378*1} 3M1 

500 SL V reg. MeMWr slher. 
ABS Pioneer radlo/cmstte. 
near scats. Allay wheete. 
Cl 7.950 Trt- 01 727 4662 eve- 
nings. weeaend. 

200 White. Febru- 

an 81 . 49.000 miles. Sun root, 
nadlo stereo. Immarutate- - 

CA900. Tel: Ol 246 9094 

Auto. ESR Stiver met. B men- 

era. 60.000 mte Pristine. 

£4.996 0223 812250 c wfeft 

108 SL -85 <81 6600 rnhes. 
beige red rtofo. nfoo mette. 
Fxmteni condtUon- C28.tX». 
TM0329 231531 (Of fire Hoorn 

350 SL Yellow, hard ft soft top. 
CB.OOO Rmg Ayclirie 313427. 

380 SEC Niter. Cherished lum- 
ber. 28.000 miles, air cond. 
ABS. eterrnr roof etc. exrMlent 
ear C236SO 0273 555847. T 
500 SE MM blur, green. 34XXM 

mte. A reg. FSH. 1 own^rrugf 

Immaculate C18.BOQ 
0733 886581 ‘TJ 
500 SL. 81 w. 47XXJ0 irtteg. 
menalir Cyprus gram, c e. a c. 
both tops. C16A50 ono < terms 
aranaedL TM MKkteion 248 
480 SLC S reg. stiver, auto. PA& 
r/sunroof. air cond.. stereo, ex- 
rMLrat condition. CB.995. PX 
POSV. TeL 01 328 8334 <T> 



Mercedes Benz main 
dealers. Underwriters 
fOr late and kw mrie- 
age Mercedes. 


ON 1788 23511. 

ME R CE D ES BENZ Wanted - 380 
SLC 1980/81 required by pri- 
vate rash purchaser- Mud have 
full document service history. 
SpcrtficMJWcaiour not Impor- 
tant. Trt ; 025 678 987 

WANTED M E RC EDES . 1980 to 
U4. Cash paid, distance no oh- 
Icrt. 01 764 9803 


sea SEL 

1985. Smoke ster/Braul wtaur. 
Tool spec. 1 UMer. 2SJOOO 

380 SEC 

1962. Sfhnr/Blue velour. FiA 
spec no. xr/con, ABS. BBS 
" ' i — C1MII 

Bargate Motors 
8205 f 


1982 MB 500SCL Lapis 
Blur/Btur vMour. ABS. CM. 
C/C. alloy wheel*. 52.000 mte. 
verv rtean roodu uiroughouL 
CI4.6S0. 0465 238008 


HKHCEDES 450 SLC. V reg. me- 
ulllr Blue. S/roof. Air cond. 
allow 63.000 mte £8,000 Tel 
0943 73848 (Tl. 

A Mobira Talkman 
links you to the 
world wit 
chaining you 
to the car 

The constructive answer for constructive 
communications - The MOBIRA Transportable Car 
Telephone from SPACE-TEL gives you all the features of 
a regular car telephone but with the added mobility of a 
portable. By simply un-plugging the handset, sliding out 
the transmitter then connecting the two, vou have a small 
compact unit that keeps you in touch world wide. 

SPACE-TEL, being one of the 
largest suppliers of Cellnet and 
Vodafone systems in the U JC guarantee 
you reliability and service just where 
and when you need iL To prove the 
eEfecti vensss of the MOBIRA Transport- 
able car telephone call Warren Hardy for a 
constructive demonstration, on site,' today! 


the leading independent cellular radio dealer. 

Mobile fitting available, nationwide, at no extra cost. 

Spdw-Tel Ltd. 10 College Road. Harrow, Middx HA1 1 BE. TeL 01-427 6d4£. Telex: 6951182. 






Left log & Kanognaem 




We tevB a sfoKrti selection of 
penwofiy Wfacted tumated and 
urtumenta p roperties in roanyfint 
Besetorssl steams, ranging trail 
£150 pw to E2j0aTpw. 


Tat 01-486 8926 

CHELSEA. Well -sited restau- 

rants. late mob l mopping 
Furntehed studio and 1 bed flats 

irom Cl 60 ow. Min 1 manih. 

Lrtring OHwt. NeU Gwynn 
Home. Stow Av. London 
SWi Ol - 584 8317: telex: 
916368 NOHLXM. 

FULHAM 2 min* from tube. Com- 
pIMrtr furnish nl 2 double 
bedroomed flat, lounge, fully 
flned kltrheri and baihroam. en- 
uy phone, private entrance 
C140 per <-eefc Co W only. TM 
Peter OTtegon Ol 981 4815. 

LARGE LUXURY fumhfted run, 
WL- 5 men walk US DnOKW 
Available immediately. 3 Bed*. 
2 Rereps, kllchen ft 2 Baths. 
Gas CH. All apMiaoces, LoaglM 
prrf ueopw Ten Ol «29 
6109 in. 

sunny, garden nuuwnmr. 3 
mim American School. Pari or 
lulls furnished. 7 beautiful 
room* >3 4 bedroomsi. 2 bath- 
room*, modern kllchen. utility 
room. 40 mod cool tons p w 
incl (Mb' cleaning. Long W. no 
agencies. Tel O! 624 1347 . 

ILINGTON Luxury Georgian 
House 4 Moreys. Inge, dining 
mi. mimirn gallery, library al- 
cove. 3 beds, study. 2 baths ft 
mosuim Roof «n. puo gan. 
vd nr Andwies Centre ft 5 un- 
derground station*. L 17 & 0 W. 
WalfOril 20618 

lux flats house*: C200 - £1000 
pw L'tuu lees reg. PMUipt 
Kav ft Lrwts. South of the Park. 
Chelsea otilee. 01 362 8111 or 
Nofjh or u» Par*.. Regenr* 
Park office. Ol 586 9882, 

UTTUC VENKE. Beautifully dec 
CQUtPiMd. ananou* 
(loL suir 2 siurmg or couple. 
Access private garden. Good 
Iranspori. 1 mu* Marble Ann. 
C160 pw 01-672 0291 1 day) 
Ot 389 1678 inn 

WIHEY lux fuD»- fum GCH Iwe 
nr river, lube ft shops. 4 
bedma. naihr/wc & see wc. 
he* louoqe/O roam, superb 
Mlchmft n-ulo. Cioopw Avail 

I s ’"i ^ wm 

Eve 01 789 4619 

»«**w«TON. Brand new lux 
men. LdMbrd. Merer Ml din 
er Cl 73 pw incl Ol 938 2396 

KMCHT5RR8B«E flat, slrrpsd + 

vpare roora/saDdi . girage ft ler 

rare Ci 1 0 D iv 01-455 8256 

Horner Hill 






T m 


Homer Hill Ltd. incorporating Mays Rentals offer the widest 
range of quality houses and flats. 

Telephone: 037284 3811. Telex: 89551 H 

: t 

For the bast 
rental satoction of 


an prime London areas 


- Jn deHghtfld 

Dorney village. 16tn century 
farmhouse full at cnararter. 4 
bedroom*, curtains and corbels, 
new luxury kitchen, ran room, 
palm and garden. £1.850 D-c.rn. 
TMephone Palmer 06086 4638. 

WlIHLCDm Dai. a double bed- 
rooms. Urge living room, and 
roof garden Well furnished and 
excel leni rommuutcauon*. Co 
(rt available bnmedlateiy. 
C125ow neg. TM: Ol 603 9216 

MARBLE AJKH Fully nirnhlwd 
mews college. quiM loritlon. 2 
dbte beds. 1 creep. Ut diner, 
baihroom and 2 w cs C360 per 
week. Tel Ol 2S6 8260 

L" 1 ?. hesign ed 4 bedroofite. 

Ckx^ reresHton l ^ kitchen. 
2 bMti llai .Long/ snort let. TM 
Angela William* Ol 258 3659. 

RUTNEY WHS, self contained. 
Jtoly rauloped rut 
Rerew kil bout. | aoubtel 

srssfir a 11 *- 0 "*™: 

Ourt double bed-silien to let 
‘"W cooker. I men. free 
laundry, rilted rarpete No park 
Ino ■ metres. C66/78 p/w 
TeLOl 7310497 

SoonovB » 
bed Lvl Hoar balcony (lot in gar 
den square, living room. 
M le TS- bjB, ‘ vtllUy. Full CH. 
W*vil Go tet for smote person 

RAKER STREET) Supefti 3 vr old 

furn hie 4 bed*, a UM. n 
eiteudei. Inge diner, kil b kfsL 
W. 04110 gdn. GCH. £400 pw, 
Tet Ol 847 2641 221-8276 

Beouaiul flai over- 

waking ftirk. Newly ®v ft 
refuro 2 dbte beat, i rate m. 
•w "STtoJSffowa WL rath rm. 
wo WC C230pw. 01 228 8508. 
KtHSWCTON W14 Luxury gar- 
den flat in iSUic hw Taoefuny 
•“* “Win- reepL 
Ml/diner. both CioGpw inc 
Sud caupte 602 1130 
™S* *WAD Mtfeanwii. a 
Beam*. 2 Bathrms ft Roof Ter 

S£e h, c3Sv' Cl 1B <0,W ** 

tboo per monih. Co im 
nol required. Tel .- 01 Al 3191 
unmac. town hse fultv mra. 2 
J 3 *- 'WW- 3 dNe* 1 single 

ri” 'nr £479 pw 584 3i3o. 
0nT Wl Fully furnrthed mod 
era luxury rtoi. French 
■vy inflow* garaen Avail 1 year 
13 smote nr couote css pw * 
ullUtev Tel 01 735 3 S 3 





S Bedroom s. 3 Bathrooms. Shower rooms, 2 
Ftaypaon . roo ms with balconies. Large 

Rnunrwrt UBrhiwt* naa hi ■ ■ !■■■■ ii ■ ft r 

SfPSJfSf lS“^ " d 



-3 CADOGAN PLACE LONDON S W 1 01 200 ?£?.: 


avail ft rend, for dtotomats. 
execuMve*. Long ft rtwrt let* In 
all areas. Unfriend A Co. 48. 
Albemarle Si W1.0I4WB31L 

SWI Owners very predy 1 2 Bed 
^ /tow io an amenities. Rcceo 
wiih fireplace. Dining Hall. 2 
gttw. CIT&pw Goble* 838 

Kf*nBnflion. Fully eervirM flat 
^..L^Ii.PSoite C« TV. CH 
MC 01 584 2414/786 4281. 

r— -/ SNORT LET pranrrUes 
from ClO0C3.eOOpw. (terao 
Seralre. 01-458 3680 or 0836- 
anytime m. 

Week la3Mcnimfrom CSOOto 
£5.000 pw 01-957 9681 

HENMNOW1N CJ46 pw. Excel 
teni Hiunoui wrfl ruroKhM 2 
bed garden (loL 01 603 9466 

BANK unjmuy re. 
Qurcv lusury non and houses 
from £200 Cl. OOO pw Rum 
B urges* Estate Aponte 581 5135 
AVAILABLE ROW Luxury flat* ft 
house*. Ou4K«. KfUgttUbridqe, 
Beforavia C200 C2.0000W. 
Tel Burgess 581 6136. 
®*-APHAfo rOWd O N; ntH IPVM 
stodtoaoteiuhe Ownphortel 
bathroom. Sun couptr. CSS pro 
week. TeWJI -720-7144 


ntoH Jtnunoo* long short let 
4 PI*, iwk lyr 1 8 bed*. Bert 
pric es W.T. P. Ol 935 9512. 
W^vICO SWI Aitranue a ben 
AH fantnes 
ClBO Pw. Tel: Mr Tayiar 831 
1 ^29 (Q i 834 8909 <Hi 
KBKNJS PARK ■ Luxury mod 

rum at udmov erioaking parti. K 

ft B C136 yw. Td»l*77SiS 
98*1 Tht number lo rereem- 
her when seeking beH rental 
proprrurs in cenifal and pnm* 
ONL caiartonc 8l. Fur- 
mshrtl 1 bed rial, at m iw 
pem. Co let only TM SlUrt* 
Tlvenaate 388 9087 
WJ»»BLl»ON VIL1ABE 2 furnish 

H"* 1 to ah amen Ur*. c«go 
prm each. Trt Ol 946 1955. 
■ATTEiweA not S raw. Ctt,. 
C96 p.w Incl. 01228 5839 

“ wen i urn 3 D«l hra rtoee lo 
Mdi professional*. 
L15Q pc Ol 470 3142, 
•M*"*jnEAD Lux furti ruu 2/i 
ferjtoj /2 bea*. aQ mod core. 
C158 PW Co Hi 01 286 7289 

SWIE. smart 5 bed rormshed 
house with garden. Close to aril 
ommetuues. CH. CJ 60.00 pw . 
Ret*. Trt: 01-871 0072. 

WU1MMRIL View BW Bcu. 
<-harraing. outer I bed Rot. Ideal 
bachelor fhu or pted^t — 
C100 p.w 01-828 8484. 

{“' ■ CJoae ta"saane Square. 
060 pw 01 730 5964 

WANTED 1/2 Br. West London, 
•responsible couple. Cur refs., 
ino agent p|*i Ol 2£2 9S67 ■ 

WANTED Superior praptrite* tor.: 
tong jdign cp te t*. 01-4083680 - 
or 0836 692834 anytime iTL 

for Ihe best IbL de 
?reU London? 

ruf* ritrtrriut tNflr 

kA. rTStet- Hviin™. 

01 *** °843- J 

raiSSil* A **° House*. 

Wm£! Hr2 T &£' MlrK - »' 

JZSSSTJh SS 7381 ■ • 

WrlMPOl W jw |h« ■* ■* 

■"rot. C350 pw Ol 301 1163. ; 


TEL: 01-4$ l 19S6 

' FAX NO. 

01*481 9313 
TELEX 925088 



TEL: 01-481 4000 









AH classified advertisements 
can be accepted by telephone 

(wept Announcements*. The 
deadline is JuQQptn 2 days prior 
« publication fie 5.00pm Mon- 
Kfay for Wednesday). Should 
nwwrsto to send an advert tse- 
mau in writing please include 
y<W daytime phone number. 
RATOMEMT. if yon have any 
q u eries or proMems (dating to 
your advertisement once it has 
apptaimL please ctmiaei an 
CnsiflnKr.Servwca Depan mem 
by idtphonc on 01-491 4100. 


LACOCK ABBEY. Wins, parcaur 
muur. i niaiH 1 -wiling i JAu 
*w-t e.M 7 00 pm Easy 
WITH W Trt OSu 974 227 or 
Or 937 0684 

PAULA - I Loir You K Ihn 

tantannr mougns" See you on 

IM.9U1. Trrxor 


Loir or Marrugr 

Ml agm. aim Oatrtiw. Dfpl 
•0181 23 Wnadan Run Uni 
dun tog Trt Ol 938 IOI I 
BREAKAWAY. London's dun *o» 
nmrwloiul nmaualiitod pruMr 
2343 Oirr 200 rvrnhii* 

Ik ■ 24 hr inio uer. 997 1 

Mirirs on sumebst m 

Bnknn '1 k-adhwi wsrits I race 
\«R -vi^CEsnjfts wnm to 
ACHIE1 EMEH.TS >19611 Lid. 
feorihgair GmKrMni Kent, 
errs 18 AT Trt 0227 462618 
BaU SI. W1 01-629 9634 
BEAUT to HEART. Today* w*y 
of-Tnnrtino Conhdmlul intro- 
durtron* uirougtioui u< for 
CumoanionsMp. rrlrmfelup. 
Mamagr Hrarl Id Hran. 32 
UNidon Rd. Twickenham. 
IrtMldx Ot 892 2051 
CALASH CVS Ltd praimNdnal 
rurrtruhun ills' documents 
DclaiK 01 631 3388 


BOUHtB BALLET _ ororoBv re „ 
null Pd 2 nefcet* (or TunUy 
AuauR an Trl Mr Fisher 01 
as 9696. rxl 360 


oL mans, lajgo inirror*. boov 

ritsos. fir*** 1 A Dmrairi.Ol-585 
Q)«8 ZSB 2716 day nlnltl 


■\l*9VSt 3rd B«4 wals.. C75 
fcAOi Tnrplsone 01-890 1355 


EpfeMl t»k. nand polished la 

SMrtXMrda. d reisers, 
main a i ocr.morvil fumilure 

K ir, Id ordPr KniMM nr 
tk-T on Tfuinwx n349k> 
buna. Bournemouth r 02021 
293680. TapYum On on 
>0392871 7443. BerfcchfK Glo> 
<0953 1 810952 
FINES I quality wool carnets. At 

SrsUlP. pnrn and under afeo 

4\anahii> lOOt extra. Larar 

Main sue remnant* under hall 

wjniMimrf Ouiinry Carpet* 

or 405 0453 
THE TUBS 1 795-19*6. Outer 

lilies .nail Hand hound reauv 

■J5T nfrvliidiion iho 

■7iilivi.iv'." £12.50 Remember 
WTlen. oi -o9B 6323. 


Saarhqhi Exp. Chess. Ln Mis. 

All theatre and sports 
Tel 82! 6616 828<W9E 
a Ex visa Diner*. 
BBtTMMY DUE 7 Qt e someone 

an omnnal Times Newsoaner 

datm me icry day they victo 

born Cl 2. 50 0492-31303. 
SEATtfMDCRS Any eicnl Inc La* 

Mis.onem Cdn. Siartighi Exp. 

Ghhndebourtie 01828 1578. 

Mam emtu cards. 

aite and snort Tel 651 3719. 
637 1715 All mamr credit 
F10DCXS/FRCES3tS. Cookers. 
Mr Can you buy cheaper? H & 

SUD Ol 229 1947 8468. 
dale Beautiful rondjlion Tel 
J261 2733; 0881 061 231 6785. 



Mwl mk 8nbers from £355 i*r 
H| yd *.VAJ. B0%. Waal .Heavy 
JDomasbc Wflon £1365 par so 
yd + VATCtrtOBbsT Wes E8.75 
pet s<r yd S many aoenpair ' 

148 Wandsworth 
Pa raws Green, 

Tel: 01-73 1 3368/9 

Free esbm iil w ■ Eipcit HtttBg. 


Beautiful ifiaand tiara 

Mounted in platinum. 
-Matte by Canards ot 
London. Circa 1930. Pri- 
vate sale. Circa £1 8,500. 

Reply to BOX G26 

Hum give ptaac amber 




CAW REGISTERS Brato (vihonal 
aMKui rt pniate conertian. 
rarti remiter with shipim-tu 
(Mir A rrslored Id Derfeel « or* 
Inu order From C5OT ram 4 
own mating 021 62? 5642 


J84m long. 3 Iwunnr. GiUUM. 
rxmtisilrti decorated Rrtail 
xalilr dhniil C2.S00 For ouKk 
•Jk- L950 OO Td Elder 63261 


loirtj 1941 Excellent condition 
X Lcndon Dv -iMVHiil 
t|intt R-Ptv to BOX FR9 

F in miK-*. etr . v>jni 
rd 01 883 0024 


Let your care 
for animals 
live on 

'fy remembering 
tin your 

Sick Animals 

| Dept STI.POSA House, _ 

13 .Ondung. Stymy BH421B| 

• Thousands 
of people need 
your help to 
ease the pain 
of cancer. 

ftop can help us ea rrplace 

tear and despair win calm and 

dsmliy far aa 171007. by tulutiE 
u fafSKy. anenant o r donaoon 
Please conm us far details 
chT pajmem nsfci amn at 
The Nanonul Society Tor Canter 
Refad. Room WA. Anchor House. 


Hjephaae.‘01-351 TBi 


[ -y ;y ■>• m 






em i fW wnpi mi K 

9-7^ ^1 




Nn7»622 Beautiful imlrunmn 
CI.dSO Trteptkone 01946 

BCCHSTtM 60 Grand Plane 
RnM->«60d TMI 43405 CS.OOO 
Olio 051 928 7619 


Gnuntir rrduruom on our 

100 imx 6 rnMlM UWlru 

mmh L uni oiled jllrr MH 
wniri- Free rataleeue 30a 
Hmntwh* Rd. NWS Ol 267 
To7l Fepc ratotoque 

ix-diniful rondmon £2.150 tele 

pnoitP Emom 40195 


■till- nm Yrinrrtk 412 2 \ 
kunvvnilaKHy kept by resMCPI 
mvrar xnrr deairry m Sepi 
1985 Mdiiolictiirm Warran- 
fk Lain! lofto nic ir tca and 
toMYturaiion. 50 hour* use Top 
analilk MUWWitl A raw*, 
Oiinm- lakutg denvery ol af»- 
*ail heal heme C76.0Q0nclud 
ITIUVIT Td. Ian Dirver (05901 
682320 or >08361 242974 


FOR the 
Crninomrur tailored 10 your 
irvavirrmenu one rhoKC of 
»lvfe from Mjprrti fabrm 
brvmour Starts. Fiwix M On* 
C2. Bradford BDI 1BR 


HOUDAT FLATS & house* avail 
aMe CDOO-CS-OPObv IVngnal 
Sen ire 01-456 3680 or 0836- 
592H24 aiiylUW) iTI 

ST JOHN'S wood Holiday Irt 
My driiqhiul 2 bcdrmd sardeo 
Hal ran be your*, tor £250 pw 
Trt Ol 722 7578 or 566 3992 

FULHAMt 2/3 w/k iei. cnamtinq 

fanulv we. 2 oed*. 2 remt*. 

■Judy, tr/ door* to ha Irony gdn 
From IWh A up. £250 p/w 
Tel.OI -7366352 

furnished neuly renokaled Rat 

SwnniB reretk Dedrm etc 

C24S0W Tel: Ol 362 8895 KJI 

SWISS COTTAGE 20 minutes 

lube toen End. (amity house. 

garden, sleeps 5. Auausl 8J0 

C200 mv Ol 32B 6380 
SHELSEA. Conkeruenl (11 1 bed. 

1 rfi>T. i&b. Cl 75 pn. Free la 

end Sep 584 6697 

bouse wilh garden £50 per 

day Riiki Ol 340 7408. 
mitral London from £325 pw. 

Rum Town Hv Apts 373 3433 


auiri pbiiai. 2 beas. mult dec 

oraled. C52S pem. 735 2194. 

PUTNEY rumhhed rial for couple 

for I or 2 month* from July 28. 

C95pw.lnc Tel. Ol 789 6030 

Kerninglmi Col TV 24hr mod. 

IN. Coumatum Apto 573 6306. 

ST JAMES SW1. Luxury 2 Bed 

liHLv turn sen iced apt nr pork. 

01 573-5306 iTL 


TON Hopefully nr Riser Room 
A Porting lor middle aped busi- 
new man 3 Skims per week 
bul week* rale 0753 864709 
CHISWICK prof rn male read to 
shore charming gdn flat near 
mer. own room. £210 pern 
Trt 01 995 4207 
CLAPHAMr Non smoker IO share 
uni with dosi - graduates, own 
large room. £147 prmiinc heal- 
ing A ralmi Tel 01 -671 -3526 
FLATMATES SeierUie-Smnnp 
Well eslnh Introductory *ecv ice. 
..Pise Irt lor 4PM. 01 589 5491. 

313 Brompton Road. SW3 
HCARNE NIU. - N/S Prof. 25e 
lo share lovety house; oarden 
and an aramenWes. ci 60 pcm 
ev ctuin e Ot e7l 2696 'HI 
SUMCTOM 3 min* vtct Une A 
field*. Prof m/f. as*, own 
romn. uuwi comfonaMe home. 
£180 pan inr 01 609 0528. 
SW5. Can rm in anrarbke. wa- 
npu* newly rpnvreled gdn flat 
Clove tube CH £86 dw 588 
6464 X 2060 O 373 6815 It 
N/S. OfR 111 ITaL wilh pppolher 
nr tune t45pw 389 250Oday 
MANIA VALE. F. O/P m mvd rial 
o /looking park. 2B +. K/S. 
tliOBfin. 286 1000 Tony. 
PUTNEY Lge dMe mi in gdn dal 
Monltl Aug Suil coupte £90 
pw mr 01 788 2099 levev. 
MIMT! Hal Cl 70 prm exfl. Tel 
01 493 3 899 nl ayi 
£35 p w ret dep ClOO 
Ol 905 8675 



T^qie nun 

Jphun) Hai e300 im 

Nvoti E275 P90 

Cara E150 E?30 

Urns GMO £360 

M 8«n £250 T350 

Bwt>« £220 £350 

Dfflati £430 

IUn> Msa rraref LU 

142/161 BqRI SL B1 
TB; Bl-437 K55I6/7/1 
Late & Group Boobnqs Wetorac 
i'.T< WS* DnSss 




ATUl 2173 
Other tJesJmaOons 
Tel: 01-631 3802 


Pan* £69 N fOfUS ETS 
Fran* hr £60 LA.5F E3» 
L4Q-n. CEO U.gnv £320 

liTCSi £2^5 Seijaporo HM 

JOSu-g £4WJ Bang*# £333 
Cjec £T05 kanrarUu £440 
W Bot. CiJS Pannoofl £350 
Hijnj rnvr; 1310 Coruna £43 

Pkme cil 

*f: S-NJto a. latogn Hrl 
BI-439 21IBI4JT 85J7 

nuoa C.-CM0S ucartm 







£U 0 

£M 0 



12 TS 

M, 1 r> 

53 M 

N tri» 




541 S 


It* TO 

sxnom TMia ltd 

TN 01-439 3521J8ffiff 

UP UP & away 

Nairobi Jo'Buis. Cairo. Dubai 
Istanbul. Singapore. ILL Delhi. 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydne*. 
Europe. & The Amentai. 
Flumteo TmxcL 
76 SkalRston Aemt 
London W1Y 7DC- 

01-439 0102 
Open Suonfax HLBO-13.90 











Vba<4 cress. 





5 Mgh SL Egfanm. Sumy 
Teh 0784-30484 

. Menu nctusiw 



+ Conwetxent M25. 
UflM. Windsor. Ascot 
A Man A3D postbon-Car ftrk 

August aiail. 
Upend a week relaxing at our 
Rmaie hncti notri. then a 
week crurkirm on our sactit for 
£4flO inr 111. H/B. Dee 
w/xwtt. Iwfc & other ntntl 
niuam pow Also nu only tr 
£99 Ol 326 1005 

OH flight* hal* 
to Europe. USA A most destina- 
tion, Diplomat Trairt 01-730 

Lmi notnuBe hobdayv >0925) 

7T126fji24hrtt. Ttimway Hod 

day* ABT4 ATOL 1107 


Huge Ckvounli. ie*Td 19691 
kwmoTld Trairt s 03727 > 
26097 27109 27538 

Trairt. 50. Red Lion Sr. WC1 
Ol 406 1495 ABTA/1ATA. 

CHEAP FLIGHTS Europe World- 

wue Gill Edge Trairt: ART A 

Ot«S9 5033 J1 lug Angle 

HU Trairt woe AO la ami. 

SPAM. Portugal Cheapest fare*. 
Biggie* 01 735 8191 ATOL. 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled nfgms 
01 724 2588 AST A Aim 

SICILY E24S. at the wrtl appoud- 
rd ELI HOTEL in secluded Bay 
of Sanl'AlexMO. only 7 mrie* 
liom the rtenanr mtemahotiat 
resort Of TAORMINA. Price 
inn. 7 nigh is haK-noard In twm 
room, return daytime Cal Wick 
fu* fiery Tue*day- Pool A pn- 
iaie beach, iransfer* 5 atrbori 
tax no todden extras SICZL 
IAN SUN LTD Ol 222 7452 
TUNISIA- Our own apt at Pan □ 
Kamaoui sleeping 2 to 4 A wtui 
H ipiv 11K 6 now at a liable. 2 
wki relaxing m the inn from 
UG8pp mr Pdnua ViHdtHood 
Lift 0249 317023 or Ol 558 
o w £395 tin £695 Auckland 
O w £420 rfn £785. Jotturo 
o w £306 rut £499. Un Ange- 
h(iw C2!5rtn £405 London 
Flighl Onire 01370 dSW 
New York £269 L.A £329 To- C269 J-burg £495. 
Nairobi £375 Sydney £689. 
Auckland 049. Dartair [30 
Jerrmn Slreeu 01 859 7144 
day wriKu ihrougn Moroccan 
bound irairt the Moroccan Sort 
minis. Coll. JN-enced and Abta 
bonded. Tel 01 734 5307 

Tlx. 27376 

OK CALL for Ktroe of the best 
deal* In flight*, anartmenrt. ho- 
tel* and car hire. Tel London Ol 
636 5000. Manchester 061 832 
2000. Air Trairt Adktsorv 


a i hi* e g Rio C48S. Luna 
95 Tin. Abo Small Croon 
Hobday Journey* ieg Peru 
from £360 > JLA 01-747-3108 





Intercity b pleased to announce 
a further programme of these 
ptestigicus and laitoric aeam- 
haufadtrafaL running most 
Sundays up to 3T August 
The journey from London 
Avon is priced ax £35 and 
indudes Rnt Class return traxd, 
Morning Coffee, three course 
Luncheon and Atanoonlea. 

For fun datafls telephone 
0V388O5WS519 (Office Horn}, 
or cal fa at your kxai OR 'Bawl 



the first restaurant 
qf its kind 
a Loudon 

3 Circus Road, St John’s Wood, NW8. 
01-586 9182/3 

8«u Trairt. Tel 01 385 6414 

Hay market 01 930 136b 

Ol 434 0734 Jupiter Trairt 


L T C Open Sat- 0763 857035 

Hie Trairt 014869237 IATA. 


Save with Swissairt 
Super Apex. 

London toZurich or 
Geneva dailyoncon- 
venieni afternoon 
flights. And daily 
flights to Basle 
(except Sundays). 
Book and pay 14days 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 




U!iA. S America Mid and Far 
EasL S Ainca Trayiah*. 48 
Margaret Street. W1 Ol 680 
2928 i\i*a Accepted! 

H/ YORK Miami LA. Cheapen 
rare* on mamr L'JS. ictiedtded 
carriers Aba iransalianhr 
Charter* A nnMs lo Canada. Ol 
S84 7371 ABTA 
for Auuralla. N Z Middle ert. 
India. Far E4*l. VET A. Qub Air 
Trairt Cl 629 -3»t?4. 

P<-an umMinatioiii vatexur.drr 
01 402 0262 0052 ABTA 

hmw pnr>-* fjkws A 
holiday* Freedom Hon days 
01741 4686 ATOL 432 
Worldwide cheapest (are*. 
Richmond Trai-rt. 1 Duke St 
Richmond ABTA 01 940 4073. 
TUNISIA Pertett beaches tar 
your sommer twoday CHI for 
. our brochure now. Tunisian 
Trairt Bureau 01-373 4411. 
ALICANTE. Faro. Malaga He. 
Dtmond Trairt ATOL 1783. 
01-581 4641. Horsham 68541 
AUS5K. NZ. South Aim. 
L S 4. Hong Kong. Best Fare*. 
01-493 7775 ABTA. 

tare* on charier scheduled Ills. 
631 0167 Am Alai 1893 
SYD. MEL £6lB Perth E545 All 
mamr carriers to ALS NZ. C>: 
584 7371 AST 4 
For ;ol f.r»-hme call Sl**>p<*«t. 
Ol 629 Af-xi. A „i : 6 4 2 , 

£465. Ol S84 7371 ABTA. 


What do PnccJntPfcronl 
and Fasta have in common? 
Ton can find them all at 
Farcoft Pasta an the Rufc. 


new restaurant where the 

bvdy Italian Opera every ntght 
Come afcxig oo PvaA — .The ftsra 
b perfect .TheCompany ts Capttvaong! 

Open Mon-FndqrlUG-2. Mon-Sx 64130 
Sp^pcni Opera Z304L 

116 Knightsbrirfge, London SW1. lei: 01-584 9777 


40 AObevBte Road 
Qapham SW4 
Tit 673 082 


discover how 
the Bench 
are stuck . 

onswudfish . M 

L# 1 




39 BWIDN SI SW 1.01 9503559 


\ MA.TESLLR. Lux Ul'.ft with 
| PW 4iJd Juli to Or I 91404 

2-118 \iuai-. one. 


More low-cost nights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

■ Fast, expert, high-tech 
service - Free worldwide 
hotel & car hire pass 
• b9io50%dhcam:t 
Open 3-6 Mon-S 2 i 

bnmunisalion, insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
Map iBook Shop 

Swfii intLnthmf foot 

42-48 Eorts Coort Road 
London WB 8EJ 
LmhpHmH 01-603 1515 
Esropo/USA 0V937 5400 
1 1t/Mncu 01-538 3444 

Turkey 12 berth crewed 
molor yarM 2 wks Ir £426_pp . 
me nu Wimp Dart available 
othrr week* from LIOOO Free 
W *oort*. h b. Ol 326 1005. 
Alot 2091 


TAKE TIME OFF lo Parts. Am- 
dtcrdam Brinwh. Bruun. 
Geiimo. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou 
109110 4 Dieppe Time Off 2 a. 
Cnmter Oose. London. Swix 
7B0 01-335 8070 



KiSSn - 




Voted bm ORIENTAL rzstaumat for the year 
1983-34 by the Belgian g/oamaomie press 
(Pubasra Delta) 


Farits S50 covers Stestacratito be epeaiBg 
8009 in London 

Must be qualified by professional training 
and/or specific experience in the preparation ' 
and presentation of top quality traditional 
Thai cuisine for prestige clientele. 

Successful candidates must already hare 
worked al First Chef Jevri and must have truly 
professional approach. Ptease apply n rnktug 

with <eS details oi taisi»n sod experience tiu- 

Mj JAHAU Chalflgura, 

25 Etrdky Oesce&t, 

Loodon S.WJ5 

TURKEY- inrlusn# holidays 
4iaiiaMo. dim Omms. 29 July. 
5. 12 Aug from £269 Turkish 
Drttghf Holidays Ol 891 
'6469>2«nrv. ATOL 2047 




We can Nmys suupiy a ftm cSass 
tniia. ever, a the last ranne. we 
tee srctafty itw fwsi SHeciwt 
tn the Mirsiwnr4». cr CDitu. 
dete. Paxes. Algarve, loti - on 
me beach cr *Kn ooo 1 . AH have 
fcaa. some a cook. Prices? from 
tee ter/ wpsnstva a the surons- 
ut^y modest 


43 COma Srcr! 
lOPdoo SW3 2PR 
01-581 BB1 t D1-S34 8803 
(589 8m - ate 
hoctenr nrnce} 


LUXURY VILLAS wuh poof* rtid 
xf.ill xlill 41 kit South of F ronrr. 
M4rhrU4. Ifwnr km Inptfw 
Con!nM-iil4l kil 14* Ol 24=.9l«l 

47 Iksorts m Swiomtant, 
Austna. France & tafy 
Tbs Basest Cluxe On Shsf 
ExGNwkX Uiwo. Manchester, 
Glasgow A Etemurgh 

B1 785 2289 

HandL Dtps. 8422 TBfZl 
ABTA 16723 ATOL 1232 

SKI WEST humor hrorhur* out * 
noii iwriwl wifi dfl I hr top rc 
non*-. Suiwav flight* >roai the 
traffic 1 1 . jin] anunon- tow 
pt nr* *l4rtmq al R.r>i01l 

785 9904 tor vnur copy 

4BTko9gj>i> 1TOL17-93. 


on \uupr- 
Crrm wrtl lulu (MMf Airtl 
mimed All mod run* 91b* 4 
£1 IO pw 0326 270756 Eie* 


3ik. t 




Crete. Cortu. Rhooes. Kta. Soaier 
Greek tstands. It* Algmc Menorca 

2SJ6ZTHJ9J0 Jeh 099 £239 
izaxitaiiaii mb £199 £229 
111* 16 IT IS *ug ins E3<9 

3031 Aug £199 £229 

vita m wal are snot bom mon* 
on Dghts ham Gmxk Lion ana 
M*awb I ah 10 aoos and mFI 
Hso atpnns ni 
BraOtoes |2«hunctn onM cos 



Tet lopd ci BT 25 I S4ES 
Tef ShdMd 0742 331188 
Tet Manchester 861 834 5B33 

ana. 2034 


Sydney CSS £699 

Auckland £415 £745 

JO Burg E306 £499 

Bangkok £229 £375 

Tel Axtv £119 £224 

New York £169 £320 

LOS Argefas £216 £399 

01-370 6237 

i Feet c 

igu>«<* jar to 

. mo long sandy 


HffRtox F.B orB.' 9 'U 

age. taon & tunics 

s Tel 01; 44> 0122 Zttr. 

MEX9KTA \ • 

i-w.,. jpu.-nviiL' m.iii -.. 
ddln di ill Juiv ip'-o..'- . hid* 
vmwii Irom CUE. Crtiw Hi Hi. 
■Urn Cf 50® 7t~0 C6 22 

677071 or 677076 >04 

r.m AIM 1772 



bCHitil. DUrtHw- built. 2 
bcdroomcd. lop flow (trt Nnw 
Ik dixoratrd Lung hw 
C91 000 Trt Ol 722 4633 


3VbV£T HEATH ->-inir> 5 >--.j 

.i. c iioi'-—* i r.*— .k-u •- 

ri.i- rn .i- tut— Hiri-: li- >—i 

irt , !Vir--lj;»*~- i.- 7 ■< :'i i>v 

- . r>. n -. . jai.i i : - T. • . 




EdacauGo: University Appointments, Prep & 
Public School Appointments, Educational 
Courses, Scholarships asd Fellowships. 

La Creme de la Creme and other secretarial 


Computer Horizons: Computer Appoint- 
ments with editorial. 

Legal Appointments: Solicitors, Com- 
mercial Lawyers, Legal Officers, Private & 
Public Practise. 

Legal La Creme for top legal secretaries. 
Pub&r Sector Appoiafimects. 


Imwrt fjme* fr W 
Big-ilr* 7SS 81 9J xml l?«>5 


Hourn und .kullimk Annul 
ji jil !iom CJT£. pw 0225 
J3T4T7 or Q2M iX.761 



CORFU StnvMi 27 Juli * nrr» 
him in 4u-: Brjuljiul ' ilkiv 
mill PaiTOBnl Ilf the fwjrn Cx 

C.’i'urk pji, Viortfi 

Hi-IhLii* Ol 7Vj ?S62 
GREECE- Inwill imrth. rhrxa 
fllu''lx.'.llk<<<-ilkM-a I l( 7>-U- hOI 
»Un» Cl ll>C7 Mill kiki 
RHODES Lux Ault fwk from 
C!/«>od £-~ ~ oH 6Urt>u 
COS d«i2^L4 



A uHa a pool jnd «a (Kxiiihlui 
iir<% Uhul mpfr could > 0(1 
V* .mr- Chnrv irom Tu^jir 
'<tofii3JiiU4 or Riiiflln trvr Imrli 
rr «4 llaiix uticir Uk 1 m>fA 

iiwf^ri pp^rUiiiA rioft I *3».' Or 
,t • nu twndas Miih jt 
4j>»\ in trine* Hoirmr ur 

lltiiTir | hrivriuir *inm 

M.MK Cl II All TV pi r 47 Shit* 

brill- Crr^ti BPS 

T- t r: 74^ » 4 nr- 

ti ■ 



ALCAJRVC. i. s«\ mur- -%jin I'M' 
a .mt*- ini on o: 4QC3 

\ I IlgjVV QTM 

If..'* . . 

r A 1 I i'Ru 

• ^ i -t - 


SOUTH of FRANCE. 2 5 miloi 
Horn Pldii dr La Tour ullage. 
Kamrau dr Conoun. 15 mtn- 
utort. from hracti by r*r \rry 
rnodmi propmy uirroundnf 
ti\ kinrvardi. wiin tfouUr brd- 
>rtm lurtK lounge dining room 
•«illi me/ramnr to 'Arr p l<io. 
lull rgtnpprd kilrhrn bath- 
onm and lain Prnair pauoa 
wimM on romptex uiih swot 
aur, Iriinri rotirM. (48.000 
Phone >U227r 751444 


HHZA ■ CALA LLONCA, 2 boo. 2 
■ ukoiii. JiuHex. -.-a new* on 
eiwnliinrd urtl run dririnp. 
nu-tii 2 pnolx. 1 mile Hearn 
btral famili hniHUni rjl IXKJ 
I Or gmrk ulr Tel OI SA5 1 S44 
Lx I 2e>3 >dai ■ ur Ol 551 5109 


MALE GRAD 22. seek- named 

■e-viP. Mill trairt -mil lung 
legal rorvudered Oxlord 537J4 



BELGIAN COtL n linlirra lor 
"W k ,n .<u pair IN t>rvll Bnl 
-uii torilr Ip Ann 

I ajl 137 8J50 

Mnrr*rtk>- Hrlguni 



rgauuvsi bar staff lo M one 
of tnev rare vacancies 
Monday IO Friday only, 
lurcntBTie and one evening 
per week is 7.30. Ea cedent 
salarr. Surnlar experience 
useful, interest m w*w and 
food important. 

Please contact: 

Tiffany Walker on 
01-248 1121 


H7 Hr. t- nl siirt-i.l ourton to'| 
In t-fl oSUth Oinxm 
tin m in-ip* riemx innp pr-rin 

La Create de ia CKmeasd other secretarial 

Property: Resi d e n tial, Town & Country^ 
Overseas, Rentals, with editoriaL 
Antiques and Collectables. 


Thames tide can 
be expensive gag 

M W » f far by 


* JEEPER8 * 

* Mexxan Hestaursd * 

* Ew»nS^!S?i 

* Open d«*r for loach rode 

5 350 YORK I 

Jokes are- - things .worth 

celebrstiug: the watermen of 
London have been celebrating a 
succession OS them in sweat, tod 
and booze since 1714. This was 
the year the Doggett'ff Coat and 
Badge race was first rowed, and 
they have never stopped. They 
were at it agahi yesterday. 

Six Thames watermen battled 
it ost from London Bridge to 
Chelsea, and the winner wffl 
receive — weU, a coat and a 
badge. The race was eel up by a 
coniedian named Thomas Dog- 
gett, in oammaneratSen of ne 
happy accession of His Majesty, 
George I tn the throne and also* 
it has been, speculated, as a 
thank-offering for ail the dirty 
jokes that Daggett nicked, (rota 
. the watermen when he was being 
rowed across the Thames. 

Watermen are somethfag of 
an endangered .species new' 
days, but they are still real 
people doing' real and skilled 
work, rnaimg barges, lighters . 
and togs while the Thames dies 
» a river of commerce. “The 
race is a test of watermanship, 
and reading the eddies, tide and 
caveats,** Charles Frank Tay- 
lor, who won it in 1929, said. To 
ore it, he was fnconspicoously 
essed in white stockings, red 
breeches mad an enormoos red 
coat. His sleeve sported a silver 
badge the size of a dinner plate. 

Thomas Domett beqnethed 
■ annul 10 smUings for the 
scarlet Livery of the race winser, 
and 20 shillings for his silver 

r . 

i ’ 


- ■ - 



badge- These days, the coat 
costs £300 and the badge £500. 
No coBtedian can describe this 
as a cheap laugh. 

. The race is long and graeUing 
and rowed over the trickiest, 
quirkiest stretch of river you 
coaid Imagine. To win it, 3 jo 
have to be smart as »el« as 
tfrtt^h 1 . the rare flips from side 
side of the riter, as the scullers 
seek advantage from e*cry rip- 
pling nuance of the river. ' 

By Southwark Bridge the first 
m aa ^vas dropped, by BLt-.-fc- 
friars' another, and hy the 
tionsl TheLne, it was A: - - - .’’ _t' 
three. Two snick ‘tnijer'tff I‘-‘ 
hirers, while a third hubhol su-'i 
wore ca hune ecreotrir <!fc«r.c 
of his own. Putt Pxs'.Mei-rc 
there was rmbisn ir; ;L - s r • 
Tate Gallery it v:as 5r-: 
anybody's: Bm the imii’.iJjiaiir.: 
In the red -taw. 
WoodwA^d-Fistwr, sca^h;:’ y 
good shi> Jne Waisna- 
slight by Vwuvhu'x. 

and he b-rid it in the end. I h- 1 "— 
hevili like his red co«L 1. wilder 
it’ he knows any good dirt)' jokes 

BESOi— - C. ~ W uorimrt-rfrho' (Lm- 
drtt 3. p .i .trtMM lOaraxcoriR 3* M J 
L-.*ui , nx , .fnn*iw«rtiJ. - 

* ncorwi 

* swig. st 

J H«uWmh: BW 7BW91 * 
J 7Ur-ara?»rnr*«vaiUK J 
************ AW A 

General Appointments: Management and 
Executive appointments with editoriaL 
La Clime de la Cieme and other secretarial 


Motors: A complete car buyer's guide with 

Business to Business: Business opportunities, 
franchises etc. with editoriaL 
Restaurant Goode. 


Oratseasaiid UK Holidays: VilW Cottages, 
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Merton is 
likely to 

be called in 
for tour 

Palmerston North, New Zea- 
land <AP) — Australia have 
called for an urgent replacement 
after being affected by a series of 
injuries al the start of their 14- 
match tour of New Zealand. 

A replacement is expected !o 
arrive in Auckland today and 
join the team by the weekend as 
a replacement for the injured 
inger, Ian Williams, officials 

Players in contention are Craig 
Morton, James Grain and Ross 
Hanley, but informed sources 
said. Morion was expected lo be 
called up. 

Confirming that a reserve was 
being requested from Australia, 
their coach, Alan Jones, said: 
“The New Zealand R 
Union was very a[ 
and agreeable about iu 

Williams on Wednesday be- 
came the latest ip a suing of 
injured players who have left 
six of the 32- tourists -under 
medical attention. 

Williams . damaged his. loft 
knee in Wednesday's' opening 
match of the tour when Austra- 
lia were held 10 a 21-21-draw by 
a determined Waikato provin- 
cial combination. 

Andrew Slack, the tour ’1 
tain, who stood down for 
Waikato match because of a 
troublesome leg-muscle injury, 
will lead the Wallabies against 
Manawatu on Saturday. 


a shock 

Livingston, New Jersey (AP) 
— Nduka Odizor. of Nigeria, 
stunned Tim Mayotte, the 
United Steles Davis Cup hr”; 
and top setd. by healing him r- 
4. 0-2 in the o-.<rh<ng roun-1 
Ihe SI25.GU:. 1 taboiii £54,i/.-.. 
Volvo championships^ acre t 
Wednesday. Mayotte, wh * 
scored ihe deciding smiles vL- 
lory for the Ur,! led Slates L\-i 
weekend agains! Me.rico, Nro!-*.- 
his opponen; in the sevemii 
game of the first set to :a‘ e s 4-.t 
lead. He then Lriurreu' j: ;?dizcr 
broke him in IvMh ite eig’-. i 
and tenth games at i 5. 

The plavers exchanged s«*v'- k e 
breaks in the second and third 
games of the second set before 
Odizor combined sharp play 
and unforced errors by May one 
to lake the final set easib-. 
“Winning at Queen's Club, 
getting to the quar^r-f-r.iris 2: 
Wimbiedon and lc..!"S < L - ? ' in 
the fifth set to han LVrc: zr.i 
then the pressure of f-ier-.iC j ’• .'.••• 
just too much." Ma-. our r -±irl. 

Odizor is rankec N 3. y.*> 
the world. ph*«« -»e.Tt ri 
-Mayotte. **l didn't iak; 
for granted bui J u>c!d see 
match was slipcimg z*p y from 
him." Odizorsaiil: 

RESULTS (US unless gisvtf- 7vat round: 
S CMberf bt 8 Gr««h. 6-3. 5-. a . toon) 
round: L Rmek (Cji or h Gw^rortsiitf 
(CtNut- M. ^ H Sunosoom iSv.«i « J 
Yzaoa (Parul 5t. W. *■'. r«. F Lun» 
(Spjbt B Wffcfiboura, 7-6 6-t; M Osjoh 
(Y ugt.btP Arrays (fVvul 6-2. 2-0. roc Mde 
la Pena |Arg) bt J Canssan. (Swe), 6-4. 6- 
0: M WOnennotrae iCam M J AguUe*j 
(Sp). 6-3, 6-2. K Cansscn iSwvi « O 
CassWv, ML 6-1: A Knckswin ot.M 
BucUey. 6-0. 6-t: J Anas M J -wmaaoi, 7- 
6. fr3: C van RenfiOurg ;5nl ot P 
Amacons. 6-4. 3-6. 6-3. 

Leading salmon exp, 
dies on expedition 


Vi. 4- 

By Conrad Voss Bark 

John Ashley Cooper, the fin- 
est s al mon fisherman of oar 
time, author of books on the 
salmon which wfl] be read and 
re-read for generations to come, 
has died, need 70, dmiag a 
fishing expedition to the Boistad 
River near Bagen. It was a way 
any salmon fisherman might 
wish to go. After a day on the 
river be dined happily wfth his 
friends, went to bed. slept and 
did not wake. 

As the younger son of the 
ninth Earl of Shaftesbury, John 
Ashley Cooper had great 
opportunities to go fishing not 
only in England and Scotland 
bet also in Norway and Iceland. 
He was known to fish almost 
even - month of the season and in 
54 years took more than 9.000 
salmon to his rod. fairly dose to 
10.000. a record that is unlikely 
lo be surpassed. Only Robert 
Pasbley, of the Wye, got near 
that astonishing fig ure . 

Bat the important thing was 
not so much Ashley Cooper's 
rem a r kable ability as a fisher- 
man but what he wrote about 
fishing. This, for example, from 

A Salmon Fisher's Odyssey: 

“A lifetime of fishnr 
simply not long enough to 


all there k to know about saJmoi 
fishing. There is always > 0 
learn about metbudv of Imh-, 
and about the fish ilwiiMiic. 
When a fisherman has cau^ii! 
Mime 500 salmon he is apt i.‘- 
fhinh he knows the lung and 
short of the « hole busiiie*. 
With 1.509 fish to his rod he 
begun to be less certain, and by 
the time be has landed several 
thousand be has realized he will 
never gel to the buttem of the 

That is an example of his 
wisdom and judgment. So many 
books on salmon fishing are 
dogmatic, indeed, in one or two 
cases almost truculent in the 
nay they express their opinions. 
Do this. Do that. Do the other. 1 
am Sir Oracle. I know. John 
Ashley Cooper bad no time for 
such superficialities. He had 
opinions but they were always 
expressed with courtesy and 
moderation. He was a great man 
in many ways. He will be 


Prince on short list 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Prin ce Philip is among the 10 
I carriage drivers on the short list 
for next month's world FEI 
four-in-hand championships at 
Ascol His inclusion in the team 
I of three, however, is by no 
means certain. The three will 
not be announced until August 
1— Altogether ihe British, as ihe 
host nation, can field a team of 
three and six individuals. 

Prominent on ihe short list Is 
-George Bowman, the former 
rodeo rider who took to driving 
after an aircraft hangar door fell 
on him and he thought his 
ridingdavs were over. Bowman, 
who lives in Cumbria where be 
has a scrap-metal business, has 
been a key member of every 
British team since 1974. 

Other front-runners for a 
place in ihe team are Peter 
Mum. the runner-up ai Windsor 
in May. Alwyn Holder, with his 
team ofWelsh Cobs, and Mickie 
Flynn, with ‘ Alan Bristow's 

team. Ryan was a member of 
the . last world championship 
I team m Hungary in 1984 when 

the Hungarians won the team 
gold ana took the first five 
. individual places. 

The; Hungarians are the 
- favourites out of ihe nine leans 
competing at Ascot but. with the 
Swedes fielding ihe two 
Pahlsson brothers and wish 
strong contingents from the 
United Slates and West Ger- 
many. the team competition is 
likely to be a closely run comesi. 
The British will have a fight on 
their hands if they are to regain 
the team gold they last won at 
Windsor in 1980 — the only 
other time Britain has hosted 
ibese_ championships. On .that 
occasion the team was Prince 
Philip. Bowman and Holder. 

The championships surf on 
August 13 With ihe/pcescnution 
phase followed by two days of 
. dressage. The jnarathon is on 
Saturday and ihe final phase, ir. ? 
obstacle dri v in g is- on S-u.-v.. ■ 
August 17th. 

short ubt> prow Pn*p. o aw-A* a 


i : 

I t: 

:l r.-r 

1 - 

I ■ 

. k 








offer for 
Butcher is 

Glasgow Rangers have made 
a second offer for Terry Butcher, 
the England World Cup player, 
hut it is still short .or Ipswich 
Town's asking price. 

Rangers have emerged as 
favourites to clinch a transfer 
deal, hut the club have not yet 
agreed a fee. Patrick Cobbold, 
the Ipswich chairman, said: 
"Rangers are not the only club 
in the running." 

Tottenham have already had 
two bids turned down, while 
Manchester United are trying to 
package a bid to buy Butcher. 

Butcher flew off to the United 
States yesterday to play for the 
Rest o"f the World against the 
Americas lor the Mexican earth- 
quake appeal in Pasadena. 
California, on Sunday. 

E\en if Rangers and Ipswich 
acreeu fee. Butcher will have the 
final word and he said: “I- will 
certainly talk to Graeme Soun- 
ess if the clubs agree." 

Elam Venison, the Sunder- 
land full back, signed for Liver- 
pool yestcrday.The final fee. 
which Will probably be around 
010.000. is likely to be settled 
by a tribunal since Venison’s 
Rokcr Park contract has 

Brighton have told Justin 
Fashanu to quii. Alan Mullery 
lias offered Fashanu. aged 23. 
six months money, about 
£25.000. to leave the club im- 
mediately after a summer-long 
battle at an RAF rehabilitation 
unit failed to cure his right knee 

Mullery said: "Justin is not 
happy, but I'm convinced we are 
doing the right thing." Fashanu 
still has two years otnis contract 
to run nee signing at Brighton 
for £ 1 15.000. 

Paul Mariner, the Arsenal 
forward, aged 33. has agreed 
terms with John Deacon, the 
Portsmouth chairman, and is 
guesting for the club in the Isle 
or Man. 

to benefit 

Pasadena. California (Reuter) 

— Michel Platini, the French 
midfield player, leads a Rest of 
the World 'team against The 
Americas side here on Sunday. 

Platini and 14 other World 
Cup playershave been coached 
by- Franz Beckenbauer, of West 
Germany, and Johan Cruyff, of 
The Netherlands. 

Diego Maradona, of Argen- 
tina. the World Cup champions, 
made headlines when the 
Americas team was named 

The game at the 102.000-scat 
Rose Bowl is sponsored by 
UNICEF, with proceeds going 
to aid children ' and families 
devastated by.the earthquake in 
Mexico last summer. 

In the inaugural exhibition, a 
group of European players beat 
the Rest of the World team 3-2 
before a crowd of 77;U00 at 
Giants Stadium in East Ruther- 
ford. New Jersey, in 1 982. 

Among the notables joining 
Platini are Sorcn Lcrby and 
Prcben Eikjacr. of Denmark. 
Bruno Conti and Paolo Rossi, of 
Italy. Felix Magath. of West 
Germany, and Pat Jennings, 
aged 41. of Northern Ireland. 

Other team members include 
Manuel Amoros. of France. 
Chang-Sun Park, of South Ko- 
rea. Mohammed Timoumi. of 
Morocco. Terry Butcher, of 
England. Heinz' Hermann, of 
Switzerland. GonJon Sirachan. 
of Scotland, and Rinat Dasaev 
and Igur Belanov, of the Soviet 
Union. One position has been 
left open because of an injury to 
Ruud Gullit, of The 

• RIO Dt JANEIRO (Reuter) 

— InlemacTonal of Porto Alegre, 
the Brazilian football club, has 
void Ruben lfaz, their Uru- 
guayan-horn forward, to Brescia 
of iialv tor a reported fee of 
$500.11)0 (about £335.000). a 
dub spokesman said yesterday. 

Top signing 

Nantes, the French first di- 
vision football club, have signed 
Julio Joigc Olamcoechca. the 
Argentine World Cup defender, 
on a four-year contract from 
Boca Junior. He joins another of 
the World Cup winning side, the 
m id field player. Jorge 
Burruchaga. for an undisclosed 

Night shift 

Norwich City reserves will 
play all their home games next 
season on Friday nights. Ken 
Brown, the manager, said: “It 
means 1 can watch all the 
m.tichcs and. if necessary, draft 
someone in for the first team the 
nest das." 



Comhlil Insurance First Test 
til 0 to 6.01 

LORD'S: England v New Zealand 
Britannic Assurance 
County Championship 
(17 0 to 6.0l 

PORTSMOUTH: Hants v Derbyshire 
SOUTHPORT: Lancs v Notts 
LEICESTER: Leics v Glamorgan 
THE OVAL: Surrey v Essex 
HOVE: Sussex v Wares 
SCARBOROUGH: Yorks v Kent 
Dw&YSftiri? v Gkjuwsttifsmro Romford: 
E5r-o«. v Noftmghamshiie Canterbury; 
Kwt v Surrey. South Hampstead: MKkSe- 
«•* v Warwicksrwe. Ovemooe Parle 
f-T^nhampioTOriro v Laneaslwe Yecvi 
S«nors*i v Hampshire Worcester 
WcvjpstEfsnnP v LeicasierslHre 
Slough: Budunghamshae v Dorsal, tps- 
■seh: Suffolk v Norfolk 


CROOUET: British Open Champions rups 
izi HuTimcromt. Cheltenham Tournament. 
GOLF; EniiDh women's ooen champion- 
sntp w Royal B»fcd3kJ GCl 
TENNIS: Prudential county cap gran 
court championships: Men: Eastbourne. 
Cctit Soumsoa. Hunstanton Matwom. 
Carnsridga. Chiswick W«m*n: 
Ea'tp.june. worming. Cheltenham. 
Evroum Pode. Cambridge. Feiurstowe 

More sport 
on page 27 


Chummy’s Pet 
can maintain 
the momentum 
for Callaghan 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

At the start of this year it 
was widely rumoured that 
Neville Callaghan, the 40- 
vcar-old Newmarket trainer, 
would not be reapplying for 
his licence at the end of the 
season, having held one for 14 
years. He had spent a few in 
the wilderness and they are 
inevitably draining on both 
resources and the morale. 

Such are the ups and downs 
of the racing game, though, 
that he has now had a change 
of heart prompted by a 
change of fortune inspired, to 
a large extent, by the support 
he has been given by Kais Al- 
Said. a member of the ruling 
family of Oman. 

But there is more to it than 
lhaL When the season began. 
Callaghan had only 20 horses 
in his care. To date he has won 
18 races and that, I suggest is 
a strike rate that very many of 
his profession would like to 
boast. Among his winners 
have been Kais AJ-Said's 
Mansooj. who justified his 
owner's continued patronage 
by winning the July Stakes at 

Other notable winners for 
Callaghan this year have been 
Mr Jay-Zee. who was scoring 
for the third time this term 
when he won at Yarmouth on 
Wednesday and Chummy’s 
Pet, who has already won four 
times and is now napped to 
continue I he good work in the 
Rous Memorial Handicap at 
Ascot this afternoon when he 
will have the best possible 
assistance in the saddle from 
Pat Eddery. 

The handicapping of this 
improved three-year-old can 
be attributed to the fact that 
she was running in claiming 
races in the spring and they are 
seldom rated highly. After 
winning a couple. Chummy's 
Pet took a step up in class to 
contest a handicap at Leices- 

Unfortunately he came up 
against Solo- Style, who was * 
the medium of a gamble that 
day. even though he started at 
11-1. Soon afterwards. 
Chummy's Pet proved that 
running Solo Style to a head 
was no fluke when he landed a 
handicap at Windsor bv 2 V: 
lengths, ridden by Eddery. 

His next and most recent 
performance was arguably 
even better because he just 
managed to get the upper 
hand over Bertie Wooster and 
Orient in a nail-biting finish at 
Newmarket. Orient had won 
her previous race most em- 
phatically at Ascol while only 
last Saturday Bertie Wooster 
ran Possedyno to a length in a 
valuable sprint at Newmarket 

Ail that suggests that 
Chummy’s Pet will be a tough 
nut to crack this afternoon 
with only 8st Sib, even though 
he is taking on seasoned 
sprinters for the first time. 

While conceding that mak- 
ing excuses for beaten horses 
tends to be costly. I do feel 
that it is advisable to give 
Miller's Dust just one more 
chance in the Cranboume 
Chase Maiden Slakes. 

Considered to be capable of 
winning a group race in due 
course by Henry Cecil, who is 
not apt to mistake his geese for 
swans. Miller's Dust was 
backed down to 1 1-10 to win 
his most recent race at New- 
markeL following that sound 
effort at Sandown against the 
highly-regarded Mytens. 

However, those who 
plunged on Miller's Dust at 
Newmarket eventually had to 
swallow both their pride and 
their betting slips when the 
horse of their choice swal- 
lowed his tongue six furlongs 
from home. Provided that that 
experience has not affected his 
confidence, he ought to be 
good enough to beat Dare Say 
and Magic Vision. 

Gayane, a stable companion 
of Miller's Dust is bred well 
enough to win the Virginia 
Water Stakes, being by Nure- 
yev out of Roussalka. My 
information is that she should 
be good enough also. 

The Sandwich Stakes, the 
other two-year-old race on the 
card, can go to Classic Tale, 
who made a pleasing debut at 
Newmarket when he finished 
second to Just A Flutter in 
what looked like an above- 
average maiden race. 

Now that Sneak Preview 
has dropped out of the Brown 
Jack Handicap Slakes at the 
overnight stage, the way looks 
much easier for Newseils Park. 

Western Dancer, seen here winning the Chester Cnp, should play a leading role in today's Brown Jack Stakes at Ascot 

Dancing Brave pleases new partner 



By Michael Seely 

Pat Eddery rode Dancin 
Brave in a gallop at Pulboro 
yesterday morning and ex- 
pressed himself more than 
happy with the well being of his 
new mount in tomorrow's ea- 
gerly-awaited King George VI 
and Queen Elizabeth Diamond 
Stakes at Ascot 

The 2.000 Guineas winner 
and Derby runner-up went four 
furlongs accompanied by Royal 
Halo, with Tony Clark on 
board. “Dancing Brave went 
well and I was very pleased with 
him." Eddery said at Sandown. 

Guy Harwood, Dancing 
Brave's trainer, returned from 
Kentucky on Wednesday- night 
and supervised the proceedings. 
“U was good, strong stuff," he 
said, “and I couldn't be more 
delighted with the horse. The 
final arrangements about 
Eddery were agreed between Mr 
Abdulla and Mr Fustok in 

Both ShahrastanL Dancing 
Brave's great rival, and 
Shardari, his talented stable 
companion, were also in action 
at Newmarket “They just did 
sharp spins." Michael Stouie 
said, “and I'm very pleased with 
them." The trainer added that 
Dihistan would run as pace- 
maker with Tony Kimberley in 
the saddle. 

It is still not certain that all 
nine declared will face the 
starter on Saturday. As well as 
Petoski, Dick Hern has also 
accepted with Vouchsafe and 
Boldden. “The Major will make 
a final decision tomorrow 
morning." a stable spokesman 

said yesterday. “Provisionally 
Brian Procter will be on Vouch- 
safe and Paul Cook on 
Boldden." An educated guess is 
that, if the ground is soft the 
proven mudlark, Boldden. wifi 
act as the pacemaker, but if the 
going is tel. both horses could 
still take pari. 

The determination of both 
Stoute and Hern to ensure as 
testing a gallop as possible in 
order to tax Dancing Brave's 
stamina to the utmost, will 
ensure a fast time. But the 
ground will need to be firm if 
Stanerra's 1983 record of 2 
minutes 26.95 seconds is to be 
beaten. At the dose of business 
yesterday Shahrastani and 
Dancing Brave were joint- 
favourites at 5-4 with most 

The combination of Abdulla. 
Harwood and Eddery received a 
happy omen for their big 
hopes when the former 
pion rode Bakharoffs pair- 
maker. Ostensible, to a decisive 

Bylir the most amazing sight 
of the afternoon was that of 
Lester -Piggott's two-year-old. 
Bom To Race, producing a 
devastating late burst of speed 
to win the Milcars Star Stakes by 
three lengtfis. Hardly living up 
to his name. Bom To Race, 
dwelt leaving the stalls and was 
still five lengths adrift of the rest 
of the field at hallway. Ray 
Cochrane, recording the 45th 
success of what look s like being 
his best ever season, had to work 
his hardest before the desired 
result was effected. 

“The colt is very lazy." said 
Susan Piggoru representing her 
husband, “but he’s certainly 
sharp enough at the business 
,end of the race." Confirming 
that Cutting Blade, the stable's 
Coventry Stakes winner, would 
take on Who Knows in next 
week's Richmond Stakes at 
Goodwood. Mrs Piggoti contin- 
ued: “I bought him for $70,000 
at last September's Fasig-Tipton 

Paul Cole’s good season 
-continued when Richard Quinn 
rode Bint Pasha to an easy win 
in. the EBF Raynes Park Stakes. 
“So far the filly has always 
found one too good for her." 
said Richard Warden, the assis- 
tant trainer, who added that 
Prince Sky. the Steward's Cup 
favourite, was in tremendous 
form for bis attempt to repeat 
Calibina's 1977 triumph for the 
stable in next Tuesday's mad 

win in the Fox Warren Handi- ^od horse and I don'i think 
cap. “That was a good perfbr- [hat Kadtd stays a mile and a 
mance for a three-year-okl : half. At the moment there don i 
carrying 9st 101b," Geoff appear to be many top class 10- 
Lawson, the assistant trainer.- furlong horses around- 
said. “He might just win us 
another race or two." 

Sieve Cauthen, Shardari's big 
race parmer and the reigning 
champion jockey, brought his 
tally for 1 986 to 85 by landing a 
double on Reality and Exclusive 
North. Reality quickened in fine 
style in the fast hiriong to beat 
Geordie’s Delight by I'A lengths 
■ in the Norman Hill Handicap. 

“I might . run her again 
quickly, if I can find a race 
where she has only a 4Tb 
penalty.*' Fulke Johnson 
Houghton said The Blewbury 
trainer then said that Kadial, 
who was so comfortably de- 
feated by Moon Madness in last 
Saturday's Scottish Derby, 
might next run in the Match- 
maker International at York. “It 
might be flying high,' 1 he said 
“but Moon Madness is a pretty 

A long way for Eddery 

From Our Irish Racing Correspondent, Dublin 
Pat Eddery interrupts riding English challengers, Orojoya 
at the big two-day Ascot meeting 
to fly to Ireland aad take six 
mounts at Tipperary tonight. 

The course, which formerly 
operated under the name of 
Limerick J miction, is attempt- 
ing to take on a new image as an 
Important Flat raring track, and 
every race this evening is worth 
at least £5400. 

The feature is the £20,000 
Kilfrosb-Coelmore Tipperary 
Sprint, which has attracted two 

and Petrovich. 

Although Petrovich will be 
better suited by the distance of 
five furlongs, Orojoya looks 
better class and is most likely to 
be tested by Eddery's mount, 
Ednica, who is unbeaten in three 
handicaps this year. 

Eddery's other mounts are 
Elusive Quest and Lady Lavery 
for Vincent O'Brien and Bazar 
De Cologne, Radial and Stop 
The Fighting for John One. 


Less select 
yearlings . 
go against 
the grain . 

From David Hedges, -* 
Lexington, Kentucky > 

The third day of selling at 
Kecncland this week, when the 
noi-so-seleci yearlings went into 
the ring, ended on a cheerful ‘ 
note with the average price up - 
by 3.3 per cent over the^ 
corresponding day last year. ■ • , 
A total of 121 vear lings sold 
forSI 7.093.000 at an average of- 
$141,264 compared favourably .- 
with 99 sold last year for ' 
$13,527,000 - an avera^ of. 
$136,636. u ‘ 

The increase showed the 
strength of the middle-market 
which contrasted with the pip- : 
vious two days of the selected . 
x cartings when the average was 
(town bv 24 per cent. . - ~ 

The market was considerably v 
helped bv the fact that, for the * 
first time since this third day of - 
selling was introduced two years 
ago. members of the At r 
Maktoum family of Dubai * 
stayed on after the two-day ' 
selected sale. •- 

They and their advisers were, ■ 
out inspecting yearlings in the .: 
morning before the sale started. ;, 
and they did not lake offin their ;; 
luxurious Boeing 747s until J 
9 pm. ' ' - 

Bv that time they had ao*? 
quired a further 14 yearlings iow;. 
$3,297,000. bringing their total- 
purchases in three days to 71 _ 
yearlings for $43,297,000. 

Highest price of ihc final day - 
was the $500,000 paid by Sheikh' 
Maktoum AI-Makioum'$~ 
Gainsbo rough siud manage- - 
ment fora colt by the Northern ■ 
Dancer stallion. Danzfa. out of 
Lady Darrington. a half-sister by 
Drone to five winners. ,•» ^ 
Sheikh Hamdan Ale.'* 
Makioum’s Shadwell stud'J 
management paid $400,000 for* 
a-colt by Arctic Tern, sire of this '' 
year’s brilliant French-trained " 
three-year-old- Bering, out of 
Skate Back, a winning mare by 
the Kentucky Derby winner. 
Carry Back. 

Another colt by Arctic Tern 
out of So Cozy, a young mare by 
the successful sire, Lyphand. was 
bought by the English blood- 
stock agent. Anthony Pen fold, 
for $425,000. 

• The Horserace Betting Levy- 
Board's prize money allocation*- 
will increase by just over five" 
percent to £12 million in 1987/ 
Of the additional £613.000. Flat 
racing will receive half as much' 
again as jumping. Ad blit- 
£71.150 of this figure will 'be* 
devoted to increasing the mini-'! 
mum daily prize money. Pattern 
races on the Flat have been* 
allocated an additional £50.950'-' 
and the fillies' premium scheme: 
has been given an extra £20,200* 
Apprentice races and the j unfix- 
ing pattern, which is currently: 
under Jockey Club review, re- 
ceive no increase. 


Televised: £30, 3.0, 3^0, 4.5 

Going: good 
Draw: no advantage 

2.0 CRANBOURNE CHASE MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £7,421: 1m 2f) 
(10 runners) 

GAYANE (N FttiBtelH CaaB-ll 
mm JASt&mz (w Cc 

ICox) D Martcs 911- 

MUStCAL REYEW (USA) (Mrs R Kirk) I Balding 8-11 , 

NOT ALONE (JRetfnond) JWhter 8-11 — 

PSlFBCTFOiLfJ Shack) WJarvts 8-11 

QUroTS LAKE (RoWvale lid) PI" * 

S Cauttail 

P Cook 7 

T hma 4 


TAUSTAFF (Desmonds Stud) P Watwyn 91 1 

.B Thomson 3 

PaulEddory 9 

Gayane. 9-4 Muscat Review. 11-2 Beauchamp Buzz, 13-2 Queen's Leko, B-1 
f. 10-1 Not Atone. t2-l others. 

24 DARE SAY (K Abdufla) J Tree 90- 

2-3 GALACTIC HERO (SheMi Mohammad] M Stouts 9-4— 

023 MILLER’S DUST (BF) (Dr CVittKbnlHCecl SO 

0 NORTH LAKE iCountess at Lonsdale) G Harwood 00. 
30-004 PODEROSOfUs A Muras) R Boss 9-0 

PRINCE ORAC (D Lemos)C Britain 90 

4-044 RESCUE PACKAGE (Mis N Lews) G Lems 90- 
00-2200 SATISFACTION [Lord Rctherwick) w Hern 9-0 

00 MAGIC VISION (Col FHue-Wteams)J Dunlap 8-11. 

_ Pit Eddery « 


— SCaribanS 

ACtartt 7 

P CookS 

G Baxter 1 

— P Waldron S 

— W Canon 2 









3J30 BROWN JACK STAKES (Handicap: £7,047: 2m) (8> 

402 041300- DESTROYS* (Th (O (Air) K Brasaay 5-S-7 SWHtwiorthS 

403 004040 AYRES ROCK (D MyorsJ M Haynes 5-8-13 J Retd 7 

404 24-0134 WESTERN DANCBi (BFMD) (Mra G Stone) C Morgan 5-6-12 P Cook 2 

406 2/P-2122 NEWSELLS PARK {DMdntyirtJ Wtater 544 WRSwMwmS 

407 003040 FETIUZZO (C Sfiol) C Bfittam 5-7-13. W Carson 1 

4Q9 mOOO HNG OF COMEDY (L Lazarus) CHoraan 4-7-0 TWKanaB 

411 103230 MLTON BURN IDHA RfcftartS) H 07*5* 5-7-7 S Damon G 

413 003010 MORGANS CH0K*((MIJ (A NeM»r*e) R Hodges 9-7-T N Adams 4 

0-034 SHAMIYDA (USAHBF) (H H Apa Khan) R Johnson Houghton 8-11 

Pad Eddery 3 

7-4 Galactic Hero. S-l MiOere Dust. 5-1 Dare Say. S-ISaOsfacttoa lO-IShamiytta. 
Ml: DARE SAY<B-7)3ttl4ih to He40 Emam (8-7) at York (1m 2S 110yd. £8064, good 
rm. June 14. 6 ran). GALACTIC HERO (8-61 Yl 3rd to NHambaM8-6) at Windsor (1m 
052 jood, July 4. 13 rant writ RESCUE PACKAGE (8-5) 71 away 4th. 
DUST&OJ a3m ot S3 to CeUestol Storm (W» at Newmarket 0884. 

9-4 Western Dancer. 4-1 Newsats Perk. 6-1 King Of Comedy, Milton Bum. 10-1 
Destroyer. Retrizzo. 12-1 Ayres Rock. 14-1 Morgans Choice. 

: prewoustejB-7) 2KI 4th to Keytu 18-7) a 
[ 14 rah). NEWSELLS PARK(8-7T 1*1 2nd « 

m 24 yds. £S281, good. Jute S. 8 rank wit 

Newbury handicao (1m 31. £3746. good. Jura 12 . 7 ran). NORTH 
to Mauahed (9-0) at York (im. £8792. good to firm. June 14- 
PODBIOSA (90) 2^41 4th to Eagle Destiny (9-0) at Pontetrari (im, £2408. firm. June 23. 
13 ran). SHAMIYDA (8-l1)5ttl 4th (0 Slip Of State (94Q at Newbury (Im 31. £3887. good 
to firm. July 19. 17 ran). 

Selection.- bARE SAY 

FORM: AYRES ROCK unplaced last tens: 
Newbury (im 5f 60yds. £8129. soft. May 17J 
The Prudent Prince (8-4) at Newmarket M 
WESTERN DANCER (9-3) 2X1 back 4th. J 

to Snoak Pram w (8-12) a New castle | 

CHOICE (7-8) 5K1 back In Bfli and 

win If reproducing B Gold Cup 4thj 

last season's 10X1 Doncaster Sthg 

Ascot selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Miller's DusJ. 2 JO CHUMMY'S PET (nap). 3.0 Gayane. 3 JO 
Ncwsclls Park. 4.5 Classic Talc. 4.35 Fair Country. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Miller's Dusl 2.30 Chummy’s Pet. 3.0 Gayane. 3.30 Newseils 
Park. 4.5 Classic Tale. 4.35 Steeple BelL 
Michael Seely's selection: 2.30 GOLD PROSPECT (nap). 

mm at 
^te2ndtO I in), with 

■ firinTjune 28Ji with MORGANS 

1(9-1) it further away 8ttr PE17UZZO would 


[i 2) was neck ba ck 6th . irito had cartier (9- 

■GoW Cup when PETHIZZO (9-0) was 8th. 

MORGANS CHOICE (7-12) had MU-TON BURN (9-3J 11)41 back in 6fh when Sandown 
warmer (2m. £8212. good. July 5, 11 ran), with IQNG OF GLORY (9-10) was 10th. Pib-| 

viously MLTON BURN <8-51 neck 2nd to Jantsfc) (8-1 (B over course and drstance. with 


Ind PETHIZZO (9-1) II Xurtrar away Htti-HETHIZZOw 

i 4th (90) to Umgtxwt (B-0J here Cm 4( Group 1 ) or i 

^tm<8-5) to Spicy Stay (8-fl) (2m aOnwp 3^01 248, { 

to fam. Seri 12. 8 ran), when DESTROYER (8-1 2) was neck ba ck 6dt. who had earttf 

01 been II 3rd to Gfldoian (9-0) in 1985 Ascot Gold 

I away 3rd (£7164, firm. June 21. 12 ran). 

4-5 SANDWICH MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £7,292: 7f) (7) 







32 BB55HI (BF)(F Salman) P CWb 9-0 

CAJUN DANCERJM Parsucos) M E Franas 94) 

CHdUS (Sr M Soften I BaEsSig 9-0 

2 CLASSIC TALE (BFHSield) Morammed) M Stoute 9D — W R9vrtnfaan2 
DEPUTY GOVSWOR (USA) (Woes A Salman) LPiggottM Tries 5 

Paul Eddery 3 
P Cook 7 


2-1 Qessio Tale, 100-30 CeteJus. 6-1 Tregeagle. 8-1 BeesM. TO-1 B Zeta. 14-1 
Deputy Governor. 16-1 Cajun Dancer. 

04 EL ZETA (BF) (RoUvaie Ltd) P KaHeway 9-0 
TREGEAGLE (Us E Hewer) G Harwood M . 

S Caribou 4 


2.30 ROUS MEMORIAL STAKES (Handicap: £7,058: 61) (IQ) 

Mt 200040 AMIGO LOCO (B) ( J Li) K Srassey 5-9-12 SWMwonk7 

ar 110- SUNDEED(SSriiaa)MAIbra 3-9-10 A Bond 4 

204 00-1100 HO CHI HMH(D)|PBuB)C Britan 4*6, 

205 12040 TOUCH V GREY fC-DXBF) (T Jermnos) 0 1 

206 320041 CflEE BAY (B) ID Osarin) J Sceanng 7-B-O 

207 9-00000 YOUNG INCA (C-D) (J BosweBI L Cowefl B-9-0 

208 2-12200 TYHtXJJE |D1 iLaov D Amcdor-GoUsmcO N vmrs 

210 104000 CORN STREET JQ(D)(M WUkins) J Basin 84-10.. 

211 331211 CHUMMYR PET (D) (C Goventa) N CateghM 34-5 — 

212 220402 GOU> PROSPECT (D«BF) (H Spack) GSktetfl 

WRSwintara 5 
O Thom 3-9-1 SCaothenG 

W Carson 3 

— R MDs 10 

4-8-11 P Cook 2 


Pat Eddery 1 
— T Quinn 9 

7-2 CSrummy s Pel. 9-2 Cree Bay. 6-1 Goto Prospect 13-2 Ho (A Chrti. 7-1 Touch 
01 Grey. 8-1 Tyrone. 10-1 Anvgo Loco. Sunoeed. 14-1 Com Street 20-i Young Inca. 

FORM: AMIGO LOCO 7«h last time: previously (9-10) 27,1 4tri of 6 to Our Jock (8-13) at (B. £2858. firm. June 30). HO MlCHMH 71h on latest run (7IL First ome out 
(9-2) head Newmarket winner from GOLD PROSPECT (8-3) (61. £5709. i 

ran) TOUCH OF GREY 5th at Windsor on Monday. Earlier (8-8) won W‘ 

Man * ns,OT P' 1|,£18546 - tam - Jur * ! 

COLD PROSPECT 18 31 If- 1 back 5th. CORN STRE E T (8-10) another I til back 7th. 

!“ ,lh « r »»» 'a# 1 - w4h ho mi chmh »*t and tyrollie ( 8-13) 

hehirm YOUNG INCA aftpr 5 unplaced runs, won tfus race m 1985 (8-61 by 21 from Sa4- 

CTs Song IS-6I (hrm) Firs; ana out tte season TYROUJE (90) Peal GOCfa PRO SP ECT 
(8-8) II at Kempton (61. E2713. good to soil. Apr 11. 16 ran). CRH BAY (9-7) beat Afl 
Ay.eedi^) slwri head at Sandown (51. £4449. good to firm. July 4. S ran). CHUMMY’S 

PET (7-13) need Newmarket winner from Bene Wooster (7-)0)(6J. £3608. good. July 8. 

fl raft) 

Selection: YOUNG INCA 

3.0 VIRGINIA WATER MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O fdiies: £8,038: 6f) (9) 

301 ACT OF TREASON (TSmmiD Lara B-11 WRSwtafauna 

302 BEACHAMP BUZZ (E Pensen J Dumop 8-11 .. — — W Carson 5 







171-020 ASSWAN (D) [Sultan Adham) J Francome 6-9-13. 

. Date (a»on (3)6 

0-03231 FAB) COUNTRY (DJ 
00-0000 SAFE CUSTODY (■ 
224-000 DfCJTS FOLLT (Mrs | 

1120(H) STEVIE BELL (C-D) (Mrs C Brudenetf-Bruca) M Snuts 4-9-1 (Sex) 


G Bnnonl D Etsworth 49-1 (5ex) PMcEntoeROA 

Wain) R Holder 4-84 teex)— A Dicks (8) 7 

J R®k) M Fetherston-Godey 4-8-1 L Jones 9 

(C-O) (DWUson) DA Wtoon 9-7-13 .. ... C Rutter 3 

_ spore) R Hodges 7-7-10 S CMhb (5) 2 

HON MISTER PRELUDE (A Neraomtn) R Hodges 6-7-7 J Carter (3* 

020030 COWT ALMAV1VA (B) (J PimOoe) M sSriiard 3-7-7 .PSkeRon^S 

30 Asswan. 7-2 Few Country. 5-1 Erery Ertort, 6-1 Mteter Prelude. Steeple Ben. 
10-1 Dick's Fofly. 12-1 others. 

FORM: ASSWAN (9-0) neck 2nd to Meet The Greek (8-0) at Brighton on penuttiinate 

>8) 51 Doncaster (71. good) winner from 
BELL (9-10) 131 9di to AvenUno (7-7) the 

Princess Possom (84). with DKICS 

FAIR COUNTRY 1 1thTwhO was a 21 

start (81. £3535. firm. July 3, 8 ran). L ast yea r (9-8) SI Doncaster 

Com Straai (9-ffl to ibis type ot event STEEPLE BE1 

season. WOn too race last year (9-9) by 1 161 from I 

FOLLY (7-13) %! away 4m (£2632. firm. 12 ran) and FAIR COUNTRY 11th. who was a 21 

Kempton wnner (9-3) last time from New Central (8-i){Bf, £2816, fimijuty 14. 10 ran). 
EVERY EFFORT (8-11) beat Rackmarlin (1(H)) XIat Bath (8f. £3381. (arm. July 18. 12 

ran). GAMBLQtS DREAM best recent etfbrt over come and dstence when (7-1 u) Si 5th 

to Advance (9-5) ( £5554. good to tem. Sepi26. 6 ran). 


Sandown results 

Goeig: good to Ivm 

2.15 ifo 1. BINT PASHA (T Quinn. 7-4): 
2. Mnk El Kheahab (B Thomson. 10-1L 3. 
Pfrjtowyn/SWhmvortfr. 20-t) ALSO RAN: 
11-8 lav Bengueia (4th), 10 Kaladwia. 20 
VWMe Jazz (6th). 25 Tufty Lady. 33 
Persian Tapestry (5m). 50 Bks Ben. 9 ran. 
51. 41. ii. '.-1. 1 '.-I. P Cole ai Whatsombe. 
-Tote: £2.70: £1.10, £1-50, £2^0. DF- 
£24.10. CSF £17.89. imm 30.18sec. 

2^5 (im) 1. REALnY (S Cauthen. 5-2 
lav). 2. Geottiie’s Delii 
3): 3. Lady La Pax r 
RAN 7-2 AnOka 

(4in) 5 ran 1';l. 2:-.-l. 1 ’.-L il. R' Johnson 
Houghton at Bewtxjry Tote: £2.50; £1.30. 
£180. DF: £4.50. CSF: £9.85. Iron 

3-15 (51) 1. BORN TO RACE (R 
Cochrane . 4-1); 2, Ouel Esprit (5 Cauthen. 
5-4 lav). 3. Riot Brigade (M Robem. 10-1). 
ALSO RAN. 2 Garnet [4B1J. 4 ran. 31, IM. 
3). L Ptogott at NewmarkeL Tote: £3.40. 
DF. £2.10. CSF: £8.70. Inwi 02.77SCC. 

Gibson. 2-1 lav). 2. Herd As iron |J f 

5-2) 3. For A Lark (L Rma 10-1) AL£ . 
RAN 9-2 Superfrost. 14 Hnhland Bril 
(4th). IS Dck Knght 15m). 25 Aqaba 
Prmce. Unit Tent. 50 Thalestna (6th). 
Maskeen. Dual Conqueror, Hard Oak. 12 
ran. 31. 21. 9h ftc. id. i'.‘ s i. w Hasbngs- 
Bass at Newmarket Tore: E2.70; £1.30. 
£1.40. £1.70 DF. £310. CSF. Ea90. 
TriSKh £32.65. 2mn 09 4isec. 

Cauthen. Evens lav), 2. Sica Chiavi (A 
McGione. 20-1), 3. Speed Stick (P 
waurort 10-1). ALSO RAN: 5-» Haft 
Conduct (4ih) 4 ran NR Sunday Ownes. 
21. 81. 201 R Armstrong at NewmarkeL 
Tow £1 80. DF- £7.80. CSF: ElT.21. imm 

<L50 (im 60 1. OSTENSIBLE (Pat 
Eddery. 54 lav): 2. CoWsto (S Whrfnorth. 
12-1): 3, Anagtowi (S Cauthen. 100-30). 
ALSO RAN: 2 AOba (4th). SO Mythical Boy 
(5th). 5 ran. 2L T' -l. 1SL 201. G Harwood at 
PUlborougn. Trie: E2J30: £1.10. £2.00. OF: 
£6.00. CSF: £12^6. 3m 00.74sec 
Jackpot E474L40; Placaopfc E33J5 


Going: good to firm 
20(71) 1 . HARAABAH (A Rxfcng, 7-1); 2 . 
O I Oyaton (A CarroB. 25-1): 3. Heavenly 
Hooter (A Nixon. 2S-1). ALSO RAN: 11-4 
fav Lochonca. 3 Fouz. Major Don (Sift). 9 
Try Harder (<«h). 12 Moores Meal (6*5. 
lOOLadyAtenger. 9 ran. NR: Bon Accueil. 
II. '..-1. 'A. *J. W. H Thomson Jones at 
Newmarket. Tote: £1280: £3.30. £280. 
£210. DF: £157.10. CSF. £12297. 

230 (irn 51 180yd) 1. FAST AND 
FRIENDLY (S Pedes. 2-1 lav); 2 Pink 
Sensation (D LUttortter. 14-lb 3. Rtoo 
Melody (U Wood. 11-2). ALSO RAN: 5 
Foxcrotl. 13-2 Storm Lord. 7 Laceration 
(5th). 12 Giant Redwood. Racetorm 
Rhapsody (4th). Take The Bocun(6tn).33 
Quwanng. TO ran. '>1. II. 2’if. 5L ''.L R 
HoAmahMd at Upper Longdon. Tate: 
£2.90: £1.30. £220. £220. W £2260. 
CSF £2739. Tnrast £124J4. Bought HI 
3.900 grts. 

2fl (61) 1. MILEAGE BANK (G DutfreM. 
1 1-107. 2. Aflradi (Tries. 4-5 on): 3.Mks 
Shegn U CarroB. 20-1). 3 ran. NR: 
Bowers Gold 4171. PCoteri Whatcombe. 
Tote: £1.98 DF: El 20. CSF; £222 
3J0 (71) 1. THE UAZALL (D Nrchofls, 
11-2), 2 Pokerfeyes (G Dolfieid. 14-it 3 
Restoration (N Rodgars. 25-1) ALSO 
RAN 7-2 lav Tooeka Express (5th). 4 
MarawEa (4itr). 8 Rosseft. 9 Quakuiress. 
11 Always Name. Cumbrian Nao. 14 La 
Bede Ol Santo. Morions Choice (8th). 16 
Remembrance. 33 Monswan, Mr» Biake- 

14 ran. sh hd. >sl »L 21. sh hti. Miss L 
StddaS at Tedeaster. To«: £6.40; £220, 
£380. £2260. OF: £2220. CSF: £77.71. 
Tneast £1.645.19. 

4J) (51) 1. JOE SUGDEN (K Bradshaw. 

■' _ B)nh.7-2y.a 

8J5(1m 31100yd) 1. 

2t. 2 Up To Unde (3-1); 3. sfwzad E-1 
lav). 10 ran. NR: Prime Number. SL a. N 
Vigors. Tote: £4.80: E1S0. £1.30. £1.30. 
DFi£390. CSF: £1729. Tricast £3031. 
Ptacepotsnm ■ 

Hamilton - Wednesday 



Schoygrite (W woods. 1J-6 tavt- ALSO 
RAN: 5 Ho4oy's Run (4m). 7 Ptmoe ga tB 
(5th). 25 Ra Raver. Burarott (6th). 50 
Ripstw. 8 ran. til, 1%l, 21. 51. B. R M 
Whrtaker at Wettwfw. Tote £830: t\20. 
£2.10. £1.70 DF £ll00.CSF: E20JS1. 

. 4J0 (Im 41 40yti) 1. MYTH (R.HrUs. 1-4 
tevh Sutton (G DuftteML5-2). 2 ran. 71 
RJohnson Houghton at Btewbury. Tote; 
£1-%- Ptacapot £128^5. 

Sandown - Wednesday 


: firm 

6.45 (60 1. Wind 
Coonorton.5-4 favk.2. 


e W8 eo it. 

Evens lav); it. i 

P Maktn i 
Dance). Tote: . 

Red (T Quinn, 
k* |P» Eddery. 
7-1).9ran. Dd-htnk. 

R Hannon (Last 
Dance £1.10. r 

Red £a9tt £1.1 Q. £1.10. £1 JO. DF: El JO. 
CSF: Copper Red and Last Dance £1.55: 
Lasi Dance and Copper Red £1.93. 

6jS5(1m) 1. Joylul Dancer (T Quinn. 11- 
27.2 Free On Board Avemino (1-3 
bv) 5 ran. IL 41. W Brooka. To** E4J20; 
£1.60. £1 .80. DF: £4260. CSF: £37.70. 
7.25 (51) 1. The Mechanic (C Rutter. 9-2 
2. Lonely Strwt m-^t 3. $ri»n00 
-IL 12 ran. Nk, 1VVL J SutoWte. TMfc 
D; £1.60. £1.70, £9.00. DF: £9.00. 
CSF. £26. 16 Tncast £640.00. 

7 J5 (71) 1 . Laortes Warrior (Pal Etldery. 
5-U. 2. Santa la Sam (7-4 lav): 3. String 
Section (33-1). 10 ran. 1YJ. W. R Boss. 
Toft; £450: £1.80. £1.31 ES.30 DF: 
£440. CSF- C13JS2 
225 (Im 60 1. Melendez (A Clark. 4-ifc 
2. Three Times A Lady (11-8 lav); 3. 
RiBovmo (20-1). 5 ran. 21, 2). G Harwood. 
Tote. £4.10: £160. £1.40. DF: £3 90. CSF: 

3. Mr Cricket (4-1). 3 ran. 2ML 3T J W 
Wans. Tote: £3^0. DF: £1.10. CSF: £3JK). 
Alter a stewards* mqury the result stood. 
7.15(50 i.SpWtoWriiK Hodgson. 10- 

11 bv); 2 Danadn (14-11:3." 

9ran. WlI'/jIIIH" 

£1.90. £1.30. £240. 


7^45 (50 1 . Mbter March (P Hutchinson. 
3-1 |t-(av): 2. Wesbree Bay (10-1): 3. 
Tradesman (10-1V Loch Form 3-1 It-tov. 8 
ran. HU 21. R HriMraOn. Tote; £3.10: 
£1^a £1J0. £1.80. OF; £18.60. CSF: 

ik 2. Capnaxn Blue (Evens fav); 3, 
Norwhistto (16-1). 6 ran. Hd. m R 
WoodlKWsa. TWe: £930: £1.90. Et.lOr- 
DF: £3.70 CSR £1029. 

245 (im 40yd) T: Halo Gypsy (w 
Goodwin. 11-4 fav); 2. Dueflmg (3-1); 3. 
Smart Mart (7-2). 5 ran. K1. i si. C Tintoer, 
To«: £3.70: £llj). £1.70. DF; £41)0. CSF; 
£ 1021 . 

5t15<1m4Q 1. Reno Ra)pb(G Canar. 5- 

Placepob E1S8J0. 

Crystal MHe Goodwood Capo Nord. 
vmBorn MW Sprint York : JatadTs 

Equitable Gmcrack 
Hunters Leap. 


York : 


Going: hard . 

Draw: ha^i munbors best 

2.15 WRYNOSE MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,987: 

- GDeffieWA 
— Wftyao2 

,1f 80yd)(6} ' 



AFRICAN SPRIT M Prescott 90. 
42 BOLOCRUSADeiM9toute94L. 
G0UEN ARC Parker 90. 

2 RUSTIC EYH5T Barron 9-0.. 
0 T0KANDA T Fahtiuist 9-0_ 

A Madtay 8 

DOUTMO Miss Z Gram 8-11 ^DNiSotef 

04 MY SERENADE (USA) JW Watts 8-11 _ NConnartaol 

040 PENBREASYR HolnstieadB-11 S Parks 6 

BoW Oueader. 7-2 My Serenade, 5-1 Rustic Eyes, 
10-1 Fanoreesy. 12-1 Tohanda, 14-1 others. 

16 0-00 I1GHTY SUPREMO (USA) N Tinkler 5-9-7 


18 «HJ PRICEOFLOVE D Moftatt 6-9-6 JQunm^l. 

20 0044 TAJ SINGH Denys Smith 4-8-6.— R Vickers (1)2 

23 OOP- GOOD N SHARP GCariert5-92...,._ N Rodgers (7) 3 

24 400/ SCOTTISH GREEN R Peacock 8-9-1 — A Cuitune (7) 6 

25 003/ MAN0C T Cnug 99-1 G King 5 

15-8 TaqSsigh. 9-4 Pncaofiove, 100-30 Good N Sharp. 11-2 

Miglriy Supremo. 20-1 Scotteh Green. 25-1 Manw. 

£591: im If 80yd) (6) 

1 1030 KOUS 
3 0003 FRE 

. . . R Simpson 8-10 WNewneOI' 

Moore 93- S Wood (7)3-' 

Carlisle selections 

By Maodarin 

2.15 Bold Crusader. 245 AJlisierdransfiekL 3.15 
Mighty Supremo. 3.45 Kous. 4. 15 Sally Says So. 

4.45 Errol Emerald. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
215 Bold Crusader. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 245 Allisierdransfield. 

£2,344: 6f) (7) 

3 -000 CARPBfTER'S BOY (C-O) Mrs G 

11 0/00 GREY CREE (D)J 
16 0421 

I W Pearce 4-9-5 h 
• gate 3-9-4 


(B)G Moors 38-11 

17 *382 GOUQBI DISC M Camacho 484 N°C^«ffii 

18 -000 VIA VITAE R Hofinshead 44-4 -pJSSpjS 

„ „ 5-2 Gricten DISC. J 1-4 Softly Spoken, 3-1 ABstertiransfleld. 
9-2 Duffers Dancer. 7-1 Carpenter's Boy, 10-1 otters. 

4 0000 LA MANGA PRMCE K Stone 33 G Brown 5 

5 4000 MR COFFEY S Norton 8-3 j Lowe * 

9 0200 TAKE THE BISCUIT (B) R Stubbs 88.— A Mercer! 4 

13 -000 RIBO MELODY J Jelferson 84 Minted?; 

9-4 Mr Coffey. 3-1 Rtoo Melody. 4-1 Take The BiscUC * 
Kous. 10-1 La Manga Prmce, 14-1 Fin Lord. .. 

4.15 WHINLATTER EBF STAKES (£2,134: ImJf; 
80yd) (3) 

l J f?r n 9 ,on • « woodt ; 

5 1303 LANDSKI R Stomson 3-8-4 W Newness. 

9 040 SALLYS SAY S0(USA) S Norton WK I!..” JlSSz- 

4-S Sally Says Sa 7-4 LandsM, 4-1 CentrapolrK. 

4.45 HARD KNOTT HANDICAP (£1 J83: Im 4f) P) ? 

12-000 SYMBO LIC (D) R Stubbs &-91D 

l EMER ALD m )s N°rt t xi 98-13 J Lowe 9 

J 2JJ22 REGAL STEEL (D) R Holnshead 8-8-9 A CribeneJ7)'2 
9 8M THE RUSK F Jordan 5-8-2 -T Wtewwi*- 

J* l ypBO SMIBn Denys Smith 4-7-8 L CtmoCkB 

215 -000 SKERNE SPARK (B}M Camacho 4-7-7. N CwfWa 7 

17 /Ofry BJOWWM G Cariert 6-7-7 _..! s pSESm 8 

18 -400 KAMPHALL Miss Z Green 3-7-7 “aKS.I 

FrJZL , R °sal start, 6-1 BrtMl- 

Emerald. 8-1 Symbofac. 10-1 Country Jimmy. 14-1 others. • ^ * 

Going; good lo firm 
Draw: low nunfoers best 

O: £959: 6f) (8 runners) 

2 0 BLAZE OF GOLD E Alston 6-11 GDoffieMB 

3 4 COME ON OYSTONJ Barry 8-11 JCWroBmi 

6 042 HOMING IN GHufter B-1 1- G Carter (34 

8 0 LUCY'S MELODY W Pearce 8-11 MUMterffl3 

10 0420 MAZURKANOVAC Thornton 8-11 J BteasdMe S 

11 00 MUSIC STAJUJKettlewdl 8-11 I 

13 TOPICAL BSUE(USJUJ W Write 8-11 _ NConmttn 7 

14 . 0 TMEZEOUATDROC Thornton B-1U DMchofa2 

6-4 Homing to. 3-1 Topical Issue. 5-1 Come On Oyston, 7-1 

Mazurkanova. 10-1 Treize Quartorz a. 12-1 Btaka Of Gold. 14-1 


1 0-10 BRAMPTON iMPERIAL (D)(BF)D Chapman 4-9-10 


3 2400 PLANTER (B) (D) T Fastest 3-92 MBeecroftB 

10 0341 PSALM WUPn&XM 3-Bf _„ z GDntBekll 

J Lowe 4* 

. B Untuck* (7) 2 

11 pm SHRLY AIM Mrs N Macaitey 4-99 ... 

IS ^S2 NCnnnorton4 

18 0230 COOPER RACING NAIL (BF) J Berry 3-8-1 . M Fry 5 

19 0000 FRANME MISS (B)WBenttay 34-1 G Carter (3)1 

20 OW (flOHLANO TALE (B)AJarviS 38-1 JLe^7 

23 0-04 TOUCH THE SAIL (BF) M Tompkra 3-8-1 

Nail. 9-2. Touch- The 

14 1023 SPRING FLIGHT A Jarvis 92 

>5 0430 TOED BORE (BRWMuSson 92 

16 2041 GB8BRSH (B) (b) M Prescott 91 

15 4011 SPACE TROOPER (C/fBF) T Frirfturat V 

22 3008 WA7ENDLATH E Weymes 8-5 LttStoSt- 

^ >a “„ Troo P® T ' I' 2 Gibberish. 5-1 CftabOsee, 91 ' 
Boynton. Teed Bora. 10-1 Spring Fbght, 12-1 WatendSthV _ - 

Ayr selections -i; 

By Mandarin 

6.30 Homing In. 7.0 Psalm. 7.30 TugboaL VJP 
Space Trooper. 8.30 Sporting Sovereign. 9-(T 
Hajiool. i - ' 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent ' It 

6.30 Homing In. 7.0 Psalm. 7.30 JbisL *6' 
Uibbensh. 8.30 Sporting Sovereign. 9.0 HanoOff • 
Michael Sedy’s selection: 8.0 S pace Trooper. '.It 

^ ppbm P 

8-30 KELBURNE HANDICAP (£2,439: 7f) (14) 3 

2 “S 

Ffr* - 


i? SS2S MWidSi 1 


, P J2 S — -g«wi 


15-6 Psalm. 10930 Cooper 
SaB. 6-1 Brampton impertaL 91 " 
1 others. 

Tale. 12-1 ptaraw. 19 


13 0000 GOLD LOFT 


2 0040 ISLAND SOLE J W Watts 4-9-7 NCoflOMteaS 

3 0030 SOUND DIFFUSION R Whrtaker 4-9Z K BraSteS ® 7 

4 402 TUGBOAT (C-O) P Mitchel 7-9-1 GCwterHa 

5 0243 JOIST (B) M Piescott 4-90 ...... GDuHtatol 

6 4000 WALTER THE GREAT M H EAsterby 4-97 ... MM 

7 0001 DUKE OF DOLUS W Storey 7-90-7 _S 

8 0040 WELSH GUARD M frOtan 4-7-6 .""“jLurafi 

S 0000 JIBJLANT LADYD Chapman 97-7. _ Sp&fflSis 2 

_ 1W Tugboat. 3-1 Jost 4-1 Duke Of Dribs, fi-i teiand 
ExHe.-6-l-wSrGuard. 12-1 Sound OiffusiorL^ 

8j0 MONKWQOD HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2J20: Im 
21) (0) 

8 0202 BOYNTON WBaay 97 

11 1410 HARSLET SUPRBE N Tnkler 98 B 

Today’s course specialists 



TRAINEIS: H Crid. 32 winner s, fr om 122 
oows. 26.2%. G Harwood. 37 tram 155. 
239VJJr«. 15 from 71. 21 ,l«s, 

aS?**** * S? r5 ®!i £1 wmere tram 
B Thomson. 9 from 57. 

TRAINERS: G Hiiftar, 5 wmnora from 12 
lunnett. 41.7%: M Prescott. 6 from 18. 

Jarvis, B from 30. 28.7%. 
M M winners from 
104. N CoWKXtofl - u from 


M Prescott. 11 wkinarc hm 
tram BO. 12.5V 

n'IJS? « S , w,m9fa tlom 82 

cS*^?-?7 J L2S«s12 from 111.108V 
S Perks, 6 from 70. 8.6%. 

11 “g sss.’srA- 

19 0244 WWWrlDfAW^fe.fSJ 

20 4034 MARSOJANA E to4^,3 7 ISflS 

s a 

3i) ™ N0 ° N "" DEN STAKES (^ Y ’ a CSS: ini ! 

» asss SI ■ 

Wttn^ 1 *"9 ^ 12-1 

Blinkered first time* ? 


• Haraabah provided Andre*. 
Ktdng with his second victory • 
lf » A I Appren- ; 
ice Stakes ar Calient* jtefrT 
terday. The 19-jcar-old= 
apprenuce joined Tom Jones.: 

" I? 5 lrajncr - five months': 
ago after a spell with Willie': 









7-1 ‘ 













y «wiiS 


soagai^ Jesty piles on the runs 

arid the pressure as 
Essex are made to suffer 

:i k 

\ ■ 

V. if . 

•' l.’ 


•Mj a t 
Am i 

m iiV f • 

fi-» .• 

«*P 1 4 v.. . 

THE OVAL Essex, with a l( 
second innings ■' wickets in 
hind, are 193 runs behind 

■Trevpr Jesty Surrey's act- 
ing; captain, f]ouri$h«| in the 

sun at. the Ova] yesterday* 
scoring ? superb 2?U his first- 
championship double-century 
in -a 20-year career- He shared 
highly eptertaipin* partner- 
ships, of 170 and (73 respec- 
tively. with Stewart (67) and 
Lynch ($5).asSurrey amassed 
a firstrinnings lead of 198 over 
Essex. who are currently lying 
second in the table. 

liven, allowing for the de- 
pleted Esse* attack — Foster 
and Pringle at Lord's and both 
frtmt-Iipc spinners ©milled •*- 
it was a magnifictQt effort by 
Jesty, who has been in indif- 
ferent form this season and 
had previously passed 50 only 
twice. He drove through the 
covers with great panache and 
gave no perceptible chance as 
he fecefl 769 fens ip his 342- 
ntinme innings, hitting two 
sixes and 34 tours. Ironically 
be suffered the-rare dismissal 
Tun outoff a no-ball but that 
was probably the Only way 
Essex were going to get him 

Surrey's feast of runs fol- 
lowed an unpalatable hors 
tToeuvre, for after the Essex 
last pair had mustered a third 
batting point at the start of 
ptav, the Surrey openers were 
brick in the pavilion by the 

. By Marco? Williams 

fourth over. $oth were caught 
in the bat-artd-pad position by 
Hardie, Essex's stand-in cap- 
tain. who was able to enjoy 
these brief moments of tri- 
umph before foe mauling that 
was tQCOTie. The main suffer- 
ers were Lever and foe young* 
SierTo|dcy. who each passed a 
century in runs coneeded. 

After foe^e early disasters 
Stewart, dipping foe ball, 
crisply through foe Ik side, 
ana Jesty hoisted the first SO 
of foeir stand jn 14 overs and 
set-foe pattern for the rest of 
the day. The pitch, on wbjeh 
Jesty had chosen to bowl first, 
seemed to offer less to foe 
Essex bowlers, although for a 
time after lunch Lever and 
Topley beat the bat with some 

Stewart was caught at mid- : 
on. also by Hardie, just after 
Jesty ttad reached his hun- 
dred, but then Lynch enabled 
his captain to take a breather 
as he weighed in with custom^ 
riry powerful blows toreaefr 
his first half-century since 
May- At tea (298 for three) the 
Essex scorer suggested it was 
good character building for his 
side: (hey must all have been 
fine, upstanding men by foe 
time Lynch, immediately after 
his thud change of tat, put 
lazily to gully and as they 
watched Jesty pass his previ- - 
ous championship best (187 

Ho was foe first Surrey 
player to get that far in foe 
championship since John 
Edrich against Middlesex in 
1967. Richard? rubbed Essex 
noses in the dilt by dubbing 
two fours and two sues off foe 
final over before Jesty rave hi$ 
bowlers five overs work at foe 
end- - 

C Dou^ty 0 

PJwS55?BWar*eerjy^!2 34 

A B Bcwxter e D Th«PM 52 

*8 R Hwtes run sut 12 

NDRmewbfelMmi IB 

te E MonWiOoSB b Qf»y 36 

riTnfiw t Lynch b Monttioutt 32 

I L Pont notoot 14 

TB Toptoy b Gray 0 

J K Law ran out 8 

. Extras 0b S,wl,nb 12) 19 

Total (saaowort) . 

. 250 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-12. 2-fl. 3-95. 4- 
128, Sri 


1,143, S-T55, 7.210, 0-233. 9-234, 10- 

BOWUNG: Gray 28-9-504; Doughty IfrO- 
70-1: Thom** 12-2-44-2: MonMouse 
27.2-8-57.1: Needham 15-6-18-0; 

JP Stephenson not out 

Extras 0*1) 
Total (Owttsj: 

SURREY: First Innings 

NJ Fafcrare Martin hToptey 5 

A Needham c b Lower — 3 

A J S te war t c Hanfie bToptey 67 

*T E Jeety ran out 221 

M A Lynch c Stephenson b Tuner — 85 

C J Rfcharts not OUT 40 

DJ Thome* notout 8 

Extras (b ft to 20, nb 5) , 


shire) and then race past 

Vain resistance 

By Peter Bad 

►faWsr*:.*Ci -■ 



f- < if ' ■ 
*> • r. •- • 

NMH m 

% if #V V .* 

Rpitn* ** F- 

v- ntt 

re 1 • 



tw f 
M* *- 

WOT? *** 
■ a raa nfli • J 
H fWn r««-- 

B im ani - - 

SOUTH FORT; Lancashire . 
with all their second innings 
wickets in hand, need 162 to 
avoid an innings defeat ■ by 

The loss of 37 overs because 
of rain proved more or a. 
hindrance to Nottinghamshire 
yesterday than Lancashire's 
fragile batting. 

Only Chris Maynard, luting 
two sixes and seven (burs in an 
intelligent 50, batted wjth any 
confidence against Hemming*, 
who claimed five for 70 in 28 
overs of persistent, probing off 
spin on a wicket which gave the 
bowlers some help. 

Until the rain ended (he 
looming threat of a two-day 
defeat. Lancashire's innings was 
encapsulated hr the demise of 
Watkinson. Let off during foe 
previous' over, when Broad 
dropped a difficult ofrwttc'lt 
mid-on. he pulled a long hop 
high fo mid-wicket. Robinson, 
running in, suddenly lost his legs 
in the classic style of a man 
skidding oil a banana skin. As he 

one ^u^a^tire half dftpfmd' 
in obligingly. With incredulous 
grins on their feces, the Notts 
team set off in a pack to mob 
him. while a disbelieving 
Waikhuon trudged away. - 

Robinson bad also had his 
hands in the previous dismissal, 
that of Hayhurst. a splendid 
reflex catch atshort leg off a firm 
stroke, but others could not 
blame either fete or brilliant 
fielding for their dismissals. If 
Hemmings in particular ex- 
ploited the wickers inconsis- 
tency shrewdly, conditions were 
by no means unplayable. 

Mendis. after an early flurry, . 
fell to the best delivery of the 
day. losing his leg stump to a 
ball which came bade sharply. 

Fbwter, wjjo had fooked m fluid 
form, hitting four fours and a 
straight' six, was beaten by 
Hemmings's quicker one. 

Thereafter Lancashire con- 
trived their own down fell wjth 
some. ineffectual batting until 
Maynard, in his uncomplicated 
way, put the earlier ’difficulties 
into perspective. Chadwick 
pushed forward stiffly lo give a 
simple chance to short leg. 
Uoyd and Abrahams were 
bowled cutting, - 

NQrnMQHAHSHMC: First Inring* 

B G Broad few b Murphy . 
R T Robfcqton e Abrahams 
M Nawafl c Rrator b FoUey 
"CEB Rica bAlott 
P Johnson b Mh 
J.D Btrctitowb 


bHaytunt ST 

i Murphy „ 
V b Murphy . 
; Morphy 6 f 

f ; w scon c Mxpty p 


■E E H m/Ki rt g* not out- 
KE Cooper not OU 

- 0 





Extras (b5.fc0.nb 2. w 1) 17 

»• TWWtBTM«Silac) 350 

FALLOFWICKETS: V82, 2-160.3-191,4- 
m5«39. 6^83; 7404.0016. 
67 j 3; WaMnson 23-0-884; Fo&y 80-8- 
734; Hayhurst IM-48-i: " 

: lA riCASI I WI. FtmMngm 
_& r onf§r ^ q wwaofrh Hewimgav— ' 30 

{GdHMnds^PUt 13 

M R CberNocfc c Newel b ! 3 

J Abrahams b Hemnangs 20 

*C H UcwtfbHemntfesgB 19 

A N Haynurat cRoWnsoov Hamming* a 
fC Maynard c Such b Pick — * — __ 59 

M wetnnson c Robknon b Such 3 

PJWAIottcIVeabPfck 9 

t FeSe/b Hammings — 3 

A J Murplw not out- 0 

Extras 003. wi) — 4 

Extras (lb 3. wl) 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-33. 2-47. 3^1. 4- 
81. MB. 6-113. 7;i32. 8-140, 9-18?, 10- 
182. . 

BOWLING: Pick 1534M83: Cooper 7-5- 
•4- 0: Such 20*57-2: H s m n8n g* 28-12- 
704L . 

. Second Innings 

0 Fowler not out i 

GO Mentfs notour A 

Extras (nbl) 1 

Total (Owkts) ; — — 6 

Bonus pdraa: Lancasbtra 4, NotUngham- 

UmpkeK J Blrkeneh»i» and P B Wight 

Hants v Derbysliire 


Total (Swkts dec. 05 ware) 448 

G Monkhousa. R J Doughty. K T 
MwSyoott and A H Grey tftf not ML 
FALL OF WK5KETS: 1-4, 2-16, 3-186. 4- 
3S9. 5-426 ' ' 

BOWLING: Laver 2S-1-124-1; Tooley 26- 
3-140-2: Turner 21.8-72-1; PortU-6^2- 
0; Border 0-1-284L 
Umpires: D G L Evans and N T Plows. 

put to 
the test 

By Ivo Tennant 

LEICESTER: Glamorgan, with 
sow second innings wickets in 
hand, lead Leicestershire by 206 

Leicestershire declared their 
first innings )36 runs behind 
Glamorgan yesterday afternoon 
in the nope of making some- 
thing of this rain-affected 
match. By the close Glamorgan 
had extended their lead, but 
hardly taken up the challenge. It 
was a stow da/s cricket with the 
ball on top of the bat through- 

Having bowled Glamorgan 
out for 183, Leicestershire took 
20 overs to score 47. After lea . 
they batied on for two of those 
overs, from which they did not 
score. This suggested that the 
dedication was not premedi- 
tated. It also suggested 
Leicestershire felt they could 
dismiss Glamorgan for a lowly 
total This was riot irrational 
thinking. It had taken a former 
Leicestershire player, Steele, to 
make something of 
Glamorgan's fostlrinings. 

Nose over the ban, he batted 
34 overs for ap unbeaten 32 and, 
no doubt, in his new role of 
overseer of Welsh cricket, en- 
couraged Maynard to play his 
shots. This Maynard did. scor- 
ing six fours in 50, and the pair 
lifted their side front 77 for six 
to 158 for seven. 

The pilch is green and helping 
the seam bowlers. De Freitas 
took another four wickets lo 
take his tally for the season to 58 
and Clift showed that however 
immobile he is. becoming, he 
can still bow) line and length. 

Glamorgan had batted first 
because they felt the pitch would 
help their spinners later in the 
match. They were soon in action 
when Leicestershire batted but 
there were no signs of turn as 

GLAMORGAN: First Innings 
■H Mom* C Butcher b CB! 

Unstoppable: Jesty do his way to a double-century at the' 
Oval yesterday (Photograph: Chris Harris) 

Kent dangle carrot 
for Yorkshire 

By Richard Streeton 

CGGwemdgac Anderson bHOUbig 24 
VPTiiwclSbftaWig 8 

DBPMiflneeGilbAmw 4 

Do Ratos 

T C Mfc&ittn e Maher b MBar - 
C.LSriMc Holding bWbmar _ 
R A Smith b Warner 


r, n omnn a 1? 

•MCJ Nicholas c Mvpiesb Mcxl«wan55 

K D J«na* run out — 18 

M DMartiwH b Holding B 

tR J Paris c Muni* bHoMkiQ ? 

TMTramleaeBvnMb Hoang 1 

C A Connor not out ? 

Extras (fc 3. w 1) — r-_4 


Bonus points: H* mp th ka 5.' Oatby iM ra 6 
Umpires: D J Constant and B J Mayer. 

Sussex v Worcs 


DOtMiawi . IVI HlriuM <- na h Da Fn 


D B D'Oteaira C lanhsm b Scott — ^ 19 
T S Curbs b Lflfltwn 36 

Younto Ahmed e Potter b Cfift 
M P Maynard c GW b Taylor _ 
R C Oning c Butchar b CSft 
J G Thomas b Da Fretes — 
JF Steele not out 

0 M Smith hot out . 

Total (63.1 over*) 

\tf Mil 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-11 M8. S«L 4- 
84. 5-11A 6-153,7-188. 8-170, 9-172. 10- 

BOWLING: Hotfng 24-54S^5; Mgrtmwwi 
T3.1-1-3M: WWnSr 18 -MW& Mter 7-2- 
16-1: Robans 3-1-04). 
■K-^Baman c Nfchcte* bVferslra# * 

B J M Maher b Tramlett » 

A HU b Jamas — « 

B Roberts Ct and b James 6 

IS Andaraon fcwb Connor ■ 7 

J E Morris ran out 

MiBerc Paries bTtamMett 
tC Marplet b Tiwmlatt . 

i * 

- ■ 



_ 18 

M A Hd&kngb Iranian 26 

A E Wvnirc Mchoies b Tramlett 2 

O H Mormnsen not out.-t—— 0 

Extras Ob a WT, re 6) — J£ 

.Total (82.4 overs) 216 

216- • 

BOWLING: Marshall 194-48-1; JSbbmt 
258-71.1; James 18644-2; Twitett 



Bens p> i. fc4. re i) — — 

Total (2 teas) - 121 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-34. 2-102. 

SUSSEX.- FntMngs 
R l Mfchanc Rhodes bbichmore — 67 
A M Graen c Newport b iHngwortfi — » 

PWG Parker bPridgeon 33 

NJLanhamcHkkb Newport 4 

CMWMsc Rhodes b Newport 0 

A P WaBs c SmHh b Mngworth 15 

C P Phrimaon c Rhodae b Wngworth _ 6 

*ti J Goum b Pridgaon 4 

GSN Roux not out 7 

CS Mays c Hick bPndoaon 0 

AMGScMtcSmmibnngworth D 

Extras (fc 2. nb 5) 7 

Total (825 own) 203 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-120. 2-133, 3-151. 
4-151. 5-160. 6-160. 7-183. 6-194. 8-194. 
10-203. . 

BOWLING: Pridpaon 166^W: tochnwra 
14-8-26-1: Newport 15-367-B HOngworth 
30JM2-544; Lampttt 7-1-21-0. 

Bortitt pomtK Worc w wnWra 4. Sussex 

Umpires: MJKAchbn and KJ Lyona. 


- 50 
„ 1 
_ 0 

- 32 

- 2 
- 8 
— 1 
. 25 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6. 241. 3-70. 4-72. 
5-73. 6-77. 7-156, 8-160. 9-177. 10-183. 

DJHtekaycGBbDeFrstes _ 
Extras (b Z fc 7. re 14, w 2). 

Total (66-5 own) 

8-0-28-1; TMor 19-1 -65-2; Ctt IS 
Potter 3-0-15-0. 

Second irtengs 
0 B Pauline c Taylor b nffL 
*H Morris c Sub b Potter __ 

G C Holmes c GO b Potter — 
Younia Ahmed not out — — 

SCARBOROUGH: Yorkshire, 
with aU their second innings 
wickets in hand, lead Kent by 

Forty minutes from die end. 
Kent declared 9! runs behind 
and put new life into a match 
which had threatened to drift 
towards stalemate: Marie Ben- 
son. who missed a century by six 
runs, led some attractive Kent 
batting as bowlers continued to 
struggle, on a bland pitch. 

Benson hit 18 fours as be 
drove crisply on both sides of 
the wicket with splendid timing. 
Yorkshire's seam bowlers sel- 
dom caused concern and it was 
surprising that Carrick was not 
used more. Jarvis, newly capped 
by Yorkshire, looked the best of 
the quicker men and took both 
wickets that fell. 

Hinks, who was dropped at 
slip before he scored, shared a 
carefree first wicket stand with 
Benson which put on 138 in 29 
overs. Hinks edged a ball into 
his Slumps as he attempted to 
pull. Benson was bowled in the 
last over before tea when he left 
a gap between bat and pad. 

Tavart at 34 gave a chance to 
cover point off Peter. Hanley but 
he and Taylor bad no other 
problems before the declaration. 
Bad light brought a close five 
minutes early. 

Yorkshire’s first innings 
continued until 35 minutes 
before lunch, with Robinson. 66 
overnight, given the . opportu- 
nity to complete a maiden first 
class hundred. Since his first 
appearance two years ago. he 
has played only 30 times in the 
first team but has seldom failed 

Robinson's robust stroke- 
making. though, has not always 
been appreciated by the York- 

shire warlords as much as it 
might have been in other coun- 
ties. He progressed a little 
slower; .: as ..he neared three 
figures, than was ideal bearing 
in mind the state of the match, 
but this was a fine innings and it 
might prove a turning point to 
his career. 

It took Kent an hour to 
dismiss the nightwaichman. pe- 
ter Hanky, who was caught at 
long on attempting to bit a 
second six. Bairstow and Car- 
rick fell In the closing search for 
quick runs. Robinson batted 3 
hours 50 minutes and finished 
with 18 fours. 

YORKSHIRE: FT**t fcnfcge 

K Sharp c Benson blgtftedm 0 

A A MeteeBe c Hk*3 o Cowdrey — 123 
S N Hartley e Tavart b Underwood _ 40 

P E Robhnsan not out 104 

J 0 Love c Cowdrey bEBaon 9 

_ 4 
_ 5 

Extras (fc 4, nOB) 12 

P J Hartley c Astett b Cow*ey 
DL Baknmr Tavart bQfison _ 
PCarrick c Marsti b Cowdrey _ 
P W Jarvis not out 

Total (7 wfcts dec, 97 ovens) 341 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0, 2-124, 3-222. 4- 
247. 5-301, 0306. 7-315. 

BOWUNG: taglasdan 1 8-1-66-1: Aldar- 
man 21-4-69®: BUaon 18-3-51-2: Under- 
wood 16340-1: Cowdrey 24-2-81-3. 

Second Innings 

A A Metcalfe not out 11 

K Sharp notout ...» 10 

Extras {w 1) 1 

■ Total (no wkts) . 

KENT: First innings: 

M R Benina b Jarvis . 


C J Tavart not out — 


N R Taylor not out , 


Extras(b5. b10.w1,nb11) .27 

Total (2 wws dec. 67.1 own) — 250 
D G AsletL *C S Cowdrey. R M BEson. fS 
A Marsh. D L Underwood. T M Alderman 
and A P Igglesdon did not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-138. 2-179, ’ 
BOWUNG: Jarvis 17-336-2: Dermis 17.3- 
813: Shaw 11.1-0^6-0: P J Hartley 12-2- 
43-0: Camck 10-7-6 -Ol 
B onus points: Yorkshire 4. Kent 8. 
Umpires: R Palmer and D Oalear. 

MP Maynard not out. 
Extras (bl.nb 5), 

Toad (3 wkts) . 

. 9 
. 4 

Maher gets career best 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-47. 233. 334. 
LEKESTER8MRE: First innings 

JCBaMerMonab Thomas — 13 

IP Butcher not out — 23 

R A Cobb not out 3 

Extras |b 4. lb 2. nb 2) -_9 

Toad (i wto dec. 20 overs) _____ 47 
L Potatr. T J Boon. P D Beerier. *P B CWi, 
P A J Da Freitas. YP GM. J P Agnew and L 
B Taylor dM not baL 

BOWLING: Thomas 9-2-22-1; Htetey 4-2- 
©■9; Ssse 1333: Ontong 5-2-3-0; Sttete 

Bonus points: Leicester 4, Gtamorgan 1. 
Umpire*: B Leadbeatrr and K E Palmar. 

Bernard Mahen the Derby- 
shire reserve wicketkeeper, hit a 
career-best " 69 against- Hamp- 
shire at Portsmouth yesterday, 
without realizing he had broken 
a finger on his right band while 
fielding earlier. - 
Maher defied the pain for 
three hours to help Derbyshire 
build a first innings lead of 32. 
His stand of 115 in 48 overs 
with Alan Hill (43) was foe 
cornerstone of Derbyshire’s to- 
tal of 216. 

But once Maher bad been 

bowled by medium pace Tim 
Tremlett. Derbyshire lost five 
wickets for 31 in a middle order 
collapse: Tremlett took five for 
46. his best figures for the 

Michael Holding had earlier 
finished off Hampshire by tak- 
ing three wickets in successive 
overs, to end with five for 89. 
Holding struck again, dismiss- 
ing Paul Terry for two as 
Hampshire ended the day at 34 
for one in their second innings. 



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FWateewe: Omap 7: StaopaMm 7, VMstare 

Z South d Sooitand 9. Ma d Man ft 
torthanteonsNreS. South w*i#s 4; Channel 
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NATIONAL LEAGUE: Long Eaton 53 (G Short 
14. M Ron 13. M Evans 12L Glasgow 24 IS 
uwam ilk wimdsiton49(j UKfcnusi T2.R 


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Clou to. Topper* i. M192. T ProBnafc ft 

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SAINT ETIENNE: Woman’s Tour da France: 

12h Mage (65 Momeiratt 1. J Lunge (Fr A), 
inr 29nan a, P wesmar (SwoJ. 2Zhc 

bahate ft L Saghezn (ttjA l cutna mi. ft S 

Camara (Swot, as same tunc. British 
da rings : 17. S Thompson. 22secbehate 30. 
CGreammod. 2ft iCo Button. 1*S; 56, L 
tcwshaw. 1:1ft 64. M Johnson. 5K5& 7ft C 
Mles.3'23. Omtf dKtoga: 1. MOnnam. 

2 ftlfc 1 ft 2 .Jlonw. laonfisocbnatefti 
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pledngc 1 ft C GieenwoodL 3737 bahatd: 29. 
STmtoSOrt 4647; JftDBufton.1A0£ft 5ft 
L Kershaw. 1-29-16: 66. U Johnson, 1:3*24: 
74, C Wes. 2:14*4. 


ENFCUt Sir S ctton Iraacftar Traphy: 1. 
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iw!: 3. Cml Satviea. W4, Bad vtanao: 
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Trite jnmm F Agyapong (Maldiaee4. 
15 2 6 m 


Vb* Men 3. Cmetonaa tods 2pif Honston 
Astros 4. Montreal Expos 3; Pratadatota 
Pttea»4. Atlaraa Braves Z San Diago Padres 
7. Chicago Cubs 5; Los Angeles Dodgers ft 
PROtergn PlratESftSt Loue Cardnaiai. San 
Ftandsco Giants 3 Amarican Iswgur Oak- 
land AthMes 9. Boston RM Sox 2 (10k New 
Voth Yankees 3. Texas Rangers z Ctawl i nn 
Indans 7, cnicano Wh* So* Z Toronto Blue 
Jays ft SaadeManrtsre ft Datrolt Tlgn 12. 
Minnesota Trrins ft Kansas City Royals 7. 
Babmore Orioles 3 (10); CaUoma Angels 3. 
MBwatAae Bnjwots ft 

HAARLEM. The NdheriMdK Worid mataur 
rtum piona dp. Japan 13. Be^un l: Korea 
ift The Mame rtan da Z Vsnewsta ft Tatwan 
A Ra^9. Thf Netnartanos Antdtas4: Coba 11. 
Iknad States D. 



P NMcneil Rdy Valayk R Wwr (Cowail. 73: P 
Cowen more ana Tatteyc SlWtr 
(HfcWroognt P EJ*oo (Smtoed^ncn- 

Awetrii 74: S Bradley (weemd* w utee 
fTaysde GRl G &*» P&vtfw Heath): D 
flunra piun be osm u S Bryan (Sneemaa^S 
Rooke (ifltajflmarafc K Banar (CSktwdQ. 

TOKYO: WBC aui tute^tetalg^e dampten- 
shipe T Hamada (Japan) Bt R Arredondo 
(holder. Mexicoj. no 1 st 

Loyalty bonns 

Paul Phillipson, the Sussex 
County cricketer, is to receive 
£33,000 from his benefit season 
in 1985. Aged 34. he mule his 
Sussex debut in 1970 


Evans pips 
Cook to 

. By Mitchell Platts 

Gary Evans, aged 17. of 
Worthing, overcame James 
Cook at the first extra hole of a 
sudden-death play-off to win the 
Carris Trophy on foe High 
Course at Moor Park. 
Rickmansworto. yesterday. Ev- 
ans completed his first im- 
portant victory with a par four 
after Cook had gone through the 
green and then took three more 
to get down. 

Cook, the British boys cham- 
pion, whose career as a junior is 
now over as he wifi be 18 next 
week, courageously paired each 
offoe last three holes to force his 
way into the playioff. He bad 
scores of 76 and 75 while Evans 
had two successive rounds of 72 
for an aggregate of 292 which is 
seven over par. 

Cook made the most impres- 
sive start in the afternoon. He is 
an industrious golfer, paying 
due care and attention to every 
shot, but at the same time gets 
on wjfo the game which is a joy 
to see. He drives the ball 
prodigious distances, and with a 
consistency that belies the exu- 
berance of youth, so that he was 
often going into the greens with 
a shorter, iron than hts rivals. 

But • Evans, a determined 
competitor. . recovered splen- 
didly after dropping three shots 
in two holes from the fourth. He 
chipped to four feet for a birdie 
at the long sixth, turning in 38. 
then gathered further birdies at 
both the long 13th and 16th 
holes. Evans kept his nerve by 
getting up and down from the 
back of the green at foe J7fo 
then by holing a teasing second 
putt of four fret at foe last. 

Cook had moved to the front 
in the morning when Derek 
Craik. foe half-way leader, fet- 
tered by taking a third round of 
82. Craik was not able to arrest 
his slide after taking a seven at 
the first. 

Evans, competing in his first 
72-hoJes event, played the most 
impressive golf in foe morning. 
He dropped a shot at each of the 
first two holes then gathered five 
birdies in his next eight holes. 
Evans also kept bis score imact 
during that sequence by chip- 
ping in lo salvage his par at the 
fourth. He went on to drop three 
shots in succession from the 
1 1th but it was nonetheless an 
excellent performance as he 
completed his third round in 72. 
The High Course is never a 
pushover and with foe greens 
extremely dry, and the . bad 
taking a bop, skip and a jump 
here and there, it was all too ea$y 
to become frustrated. 

Ftt4ALSCORE&292:JM Cook (Leaming- 
ton and CouiM. 67. 74. 76. 75; G Evans 
(Wortring). 73" 75. 72, 72 (Evans won 
ptoyW 2BS: D Hickman (WstertoovIBe). 

71, 76. 75. 73. 299: W Henry (Porters 

69. 77. 73. BO: D Graft (FriUord 
69. 71. B2. 77. 30ft J Payne 
73, 75. 74. 78. 301: VC CO* 
Essex). 70. 7ft 77, 78. 302: M J 

. .non (KnkNon Heath). 71. 71, 7ft 

M;M J Stanford (SattfonJ). 75, 70, 81. 76; 
aFBtakMtsn^ 72. 77. 7ft TS.aOftM J 
Watson (Weymouth). 6ft 79. 75. B1; P 
Hurting (bottesmoraV. 7ft 77. 7ft 7ft R 
Davis (Paricstomj. 74. 75. 7ft 7ft 4 
Webber [Tewkesbury PtefcL 71. 81, 74, 77. 
304: A Raft (RttimondLjB, 7ft 7ft 81; D 
A Morgan (El Kantaori). 7ft 7ft 77, 7ft 

Gray does 
some good 

A superb recovery shot set 
Martin Gray on foe way to 
another storming finish, a sec- 
ond round of 68 and a seven- 
under-par total of 137, in the 
Wilson dub professional at 
Royal Biriodale yesterday. 

The Lady bank professional, 
aged 34, should be certain to 
gain one of the nine places in the 
Professional Golfers Associ- 
ation (PGA) Cup team that 
travels to America in Septem- 
ber. but Gray is taking nothing 
for granted. 

“It is only halfway through 
the tournament and anything 
can happen on a. big course like 
this." Gray said. “I never bank 
on anything until the last putt is 
in the hole. 

Gray, praised for his swing by 
Jack Hkklaus when' they 
partnered each other in the 
Open championship last week, 
was only one under par for the 
round when his drive at the 
second — his eleventh — bole, 
finished in the rough. 

The ball was up a bank in long 
grass with the flag more than 
200 yards away and bunkers 
intervening. But Gray went 
. down the shaft on a 5-wood and 
cut his approach in perfectly 
between (he traps, the bail 
pulling up six feet from tin flag 
to earn him a birdie. 

“That was a crucial hole for 
me." the Scot said. “Not many 
professionals carry a 5-wood, 
but I find it invaluable for that 
son of shoL“ 

He does not use long irons 
very often and also carries an 
extra wedge, using two of these 
dubs- to birdie the eighth and 
ninth after also picking up a shot 
on foe long sixth. 

His display was highly praised 
by Pip Elson. aged 32. a former 
tournament player, for three 
years the professional at the 
Stratford-upon-Avon duh. 

Elson. hoping to make his 
debut in the PGA Cup this year, 
said after his 70 for a 143 total 
“That’s a magnificent score by 
Martin. He has a big lead and 1 
have got to get after him in the 
next two rounds." 

Ballesteros in 
early lead 

Noordwfik, The Netherlands 
(Reuter) - Severiano 
Ballesteros, of Spain, went to the 
turn in 34. two below par, to 
share the early lead in the first 
round of foe Dutch open 
championship yesterday. Light- 
ning interrupted play for an 
hour shortly after foe tour- 
nament began in torrential rain 
and gale force winds. 

Bui Ballesteros, winner of the 
British Masters. Irish. Monte 
Carlo and French opens on 
successive outings before last 
week's British Open at 
Turnberry. made light of the 
weather with three birdies in the 
first five holes. 


Jones serves up 
under-hand spin 
in valiant effort 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Alan Jones, a left-hander, who 
coaches- Jo Dune (among oth- 
ers) ai the Hazelwood dub. 
winchmore Hill, had to serve 
under-arm for Middlesex during 
the Prudential County Cup 
competition at Eastbourne yes- 
terday. He often did it rather 
well, producing a net-skimming 
assortment of what cricketers 
would call leg-breaks, top-spin- 
ner? and, on rare occasions, 
googlies. Jones also served five 
consecutive faults, which is not 
an easy thing to do when serving 


For one set Jones was so 
effective, especially against the 
breeze, that Robin Drysdalc and 
Paul Reekie of Essex, who had 
been toying, with the idea of 
switching courts wfren receiving 
service, decided that this was as 
good a time as any. They 
conceded only four more games 
and Drysdaie mischievously fin- 
ished foe match with an under- 
arm service. 

Full roarki to Jones for the 
bold way he tackled technical 
experiments forced upon him by 
an injured shoulder. Aged 37, he 
is foe old man of the Middlesex 
team but has played three 
doubles daily for four consec- 
utive days. Jones, partnered by 
Pat Hughcsman. had to retire 
during their first match yes- 
terday. But there were two more 
to come and substitutes are not 
allowed. So Jones had to go back 
on court and serve under-arm. 

Happily for Middlesex their 
two other pairs consisted of 
Smart Bale, ranked fourth in 
Britain, and Chris Bradnam, a 
former national champion, and 
two one-time Davis Cup play- 
ers. Richard Lewis and Stephen 

The only Lloyd in the Essex 
team was the oldest but most 
boisterously eager of the three 
brothers. David, aged 38. But 
John and Tony were among the 
spectators. John had hoped to 
play this week but is still 
pestered by foe lorn shoulder 
muscle that kept him out of 
Britain’s Davis Cup Tie with 
Australia. One vaguely won- 
dered to what extent he might be 
inspired i- or tempted to 
indescretion — by foe under- 
hand methods Jones employed. 

. Lloyd — John, that is — fras 
retired from serious inter- 
national competition but does 
not want to go “cold turkey" on 
doubles, which he enjoys. He is 
also pondering foe possibility of 
helping one or two of Britain's 
young players. "1 can't under- 
stand why nobody has kicked 
on." he said yesterday. “There 
are golden opportunities these 
days. A player can make a good 
living by getting into foe top 
three or four in Britain and 
making foe Davis Cup Team.” 

Uoyd did not say so but it is 
difficult to remember a time 
when such ambitions could so 
easily be fulfilled — which is not 
to disparage the exciting ad- 
vance of another Eastbourne 
competitor. Andrew Castle of 
Somerset, the most recent re- 
cruit to Britain's Davis Cup 
Team. If only we had a few more 
like him. 

Finally, one must congratu- 
late and admire one of the 
stalwarts of the Kent womens 
team. Anfoea Stewart, formerly 
among Britain’s ranked players. 
Mrs Stewart is pregnant — but 
not pregnant enough to miss the 
strenuous pleasures of inter- 
county doubles. 

Repton facing crucial 
battle with St Paul’s 

By a Special Correspondent 

Repton and St Paul's, the 
holders and No 2 seeds respec- 
tively. meet in the final of the 
YOull Cup public schools dou- 
bles match at Wimbledon today 
with both aiming fora sixth win 
since 1976. 

For a change. Repton were 
made to fight for their victories, 
losing 1 1 games in foeir quarter- 
final win over UCS and then, in 
the semi-final against St 
George's Weybridge. their first 
pair. Richard Lowther ■ and 
Ulfiir Judjonsson. dropped a set 
for tire first time in the 

St Paul's needed a singles 
decider to beat Bryanston in the 
quarter-final after foe doubles 
had been squared. This turned 
out to be the most exciting 
match to date, between William 

Orr and Dorian Prosdodmi. the 
Italian member of Bryansion’s 
multi-national team. 

Orr wpn 7-6. 7-6, taking the 
first tie break 7-1 but n ceding a 
fourth match point to clinch tire 
second 12-10. 

In the semi-finals Orr. obvi- 
ously suffering from fatigue, 
pulled his side through in the 
first pairs match against 
Reigate. Despite his fine 
achievement, he will be replaced 
if a singles is needed in the final 
because Jeffrey Hunter. St 
Paul's No I player, is available 
again after returning from 

RESULTS Schpeta Cup: Quarter Hwate: 
.Repton bt UCF 2-0: St George's bt 
Newcastle 2-0: Retorts M Nott«gMm2-1: 
St Pali’s bt Bryanston 2-lSmJhte: 
Repton best St George's 2-0; St Paul's bt 
ReJgate 2-0. 


the tables 

By John Watson 

The tournament for 
Goodwood Week's fivc-chukka 
medium-goal Harrison Cup. a 
handicap championship for 
which 14 teams have thrown 
down foe gauntlet, opened on 
tire Ambers ham No 2 ground at 
Midhurst yesterday, with the 
first-round dud between La- 
vinia Brack's Maidensgrove (re- 
ceived half) and John Yeoman's 
Southfield who won 8-416. 

The two sides looked fairly 
evenly matched until tire end of 
the third chukka when 
Maidensgrove, staunchly 
pivoted on Robert Graham, Jed 
4'£-3. The tables, began to turn 
from the moment South fields 
American 9-goal No 3. Owen 
Rinehart, who is mounted by 
Yeoman, got on the excep- 
tionally long-striding grey. Sky. 
And. for the last three chukkas, 
Rinehart — he rode the* mare 
Venera in the fourth and foe 
equally swift gelding, Rosquito 
in foe fifth — was at once foe 
fastest man on the ground and 
the most effective controller of 
tire balL He scored five of his 
team's goals. Chris BethelL two, 
and the veteran Victor Law. 

Meanwhile on the 
Ambersham No 2 ground a 
three-cornered contest took 
place between teams taking part 
in next Sunday's Cartier Inter- 
national matches, tire purpose 
being to try out foe ponies which 
will be provided for most of 
them by the generous British 
patrons. The 1 0-goal Grarida 
brothers, their cousin Reuben 
and Antonio Herrera repre- 
sented Mexico; Rodrigo Vial 
Samuel Moreno and the Fantini 
brothers wore foe Chilean col- 
ours: while Kent. Mackenzie 
and foe Hipwoods fined up for 
England I in this veTy interesting 

SOUTHFIELD; 1. J Yeoman (1); 2. C 
BotMl RJ: ft 0 Rinehart fl* Back, V Law 

1, Mrs L Btacfc (2t 2, J 
Smart (31: ftR Graham (6J; Back. W Hefty 


English fire 
on all 

By Oar Shooting 

England retained tire National 
Trophy yesterday in the annual 
team rifle match between the 
home countries. The English 20 
averaged over J00. with excep- 
tional performances from Tony 
Jones, who put every shot into 
tire bull Bill Richards (104) and - 
George Cann and Nick 
Crawshaw (both with 103). 

In foe incidental awards for 
performances in foe previous 
day's Queen's I . Michael and 
Peter Bromley from Ashford, 
Kent, won foe Families Cup, 
Kimbolton foe Schools' Award, 
and Jersey tire Rifle Cub's 

RESULTS: Bartfwaa CTiM te n ga Tropha 
(sendees 61 wBaparth 1 . Regular Araiy. 22 
pants; 2, RAfTYtT 3. RN.i5.Miwt range 

aggregate (tie; to be re-shot): Cadet M 

Rulfoto (Canada), T L W IGdner (North 
London) and J E M Beflrin^ar (OU 

EpsomtanL tel 21ft Queen’s veteran* 

‘ i (overKfeJ. F_R Miles p rjdonand 

2, Mbs 

(Sussex), 100; 3. G E Tribe (North 

London), 98. FamHea’CujjK 1, M Bra mta y 

and P Bromley (Ashford). 205: 2. S 
Contra and H Contes (Huddorsflekl). 
202. Fauterutpa Trophy (overseas 
totoreU.CM — — " 

jstl. CM Y Trotter (Guemaart. 

104; ft J M Buchanan (Aus). 104; ft lfi 


104; ft J M 

Wong-BhiB (pan). 102. 

(woman): 1 . J K Smith (Wandsworth), l 
2. A M Lemana (Gresham's). 101:3. 
Anderson (Peru tiara). lOOL Wnee 

:£. M J 

(Panftans). . 

Wale* Prize jtir. to be m-slwt): P 

Bromley, A Tucker (TjMcXanham). p 
Oeres (Badtordtans). P K ent (O M 
Epsomtans), aS 75. Atentori C aw pbeB 
(past or present RNt 1. Sufc-U E MetcsM* 
(RN Po rtsm o u th), 102: ft U P Drommy 
“IN Portsmouth). 102: ft A M E Adams 
- Bank), 101. Anstey Tragi* 
toamaL 1. Kimbolton. 457: ft 
.. 455; ft Gresham's. 395. MBs 
Cw 1. Jersey. 406; ft Wands- 
worth, 405: 3. Ofd Epsomtans. 405. 
National Traphy: 1. England. 2026; ft 
Scotland, ft WteesilHS: 4. iretend, 
1944. Oveneaairaptiy: 1. Canada. 1215; 
ft Jersey. 118ft Umvertetiee Nattoote 

Match: 1. England. 807; ft Scotland. 774; 

3. Wales. 65BT Alexander Gntatr iM 

Traphy: 1. Canadian Cadets. 1179; ft UK 

cadets, 1170. 

Bracewell battle 

Paul Bracewell. Everton's En- 
gland midfield player, is still 
suffering from the shin injury 
that has lingered since be was 
carried off against Newcastle 
United on New Year’s Dty. 


Double blow for Games 
marathon runners 

The England marathon run- 
ners. Charlie Spedding and 
Kevin Forster, received a dou- 
ble blow yesterday on the eve of 
the Commonwealth Games in 

Spedding, a former London 
marathon winner and Olympic 
bronze medal winner, had more 
than £2.000 worth of athletics 
kit stolen from his car parked 
outside his home in Jesmond. 
near Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and 
Forster became England's only 
fitness doubt for foe Games, 
with' a swollen toe. 

Spedding, who works for foe 
sports equipment manufac- 

turers. Nike, was to deliver two 
dozen hand-made track and 
field shoes to members of the 
Australian and New Zealand 
teams. They were ordered 
months ago and specially made 
in tire United States in the 
teams* national colours. 

A Nike official. Max Coleby, 
said: “Whoever stole these 
shoes stoke a pig in a poke add 
whoever wears them will be 
spotted immediately because 
you just can't buy anything like 

Nike have promised to re- 
place tire missing shoes, though 
not in national colours: 

More Games reports, page 31 







Politics liable to 
affect NZ Gaines 

Monetary grant a 
boon for cyclist 

\T ) 001986 



English boxers face 
a rigorous task 

Badminton player 
in unexpected role 

Athletes must be given 
the freedom to 

It may 

late to save the 
future of the 
wealth Games, 
for the Com- 
monwealth itself is in such 
jeopardy. And with the 1990 
Games due to be held in New 
Zealand — a country with 
Jinks, albeit “unofficial", with 
rugby in South Africa - 
another boycott by the black 
African nations is a distinct 

Despite it all we can feel 
sorry for the athletes of those 
boycotting countries- whose 
governments have made them 
political scapegoats. It must be 
said, however, that Sammy 
Koskei. the Kenyan who 
would have added an exciting 
ingredient to the eagerly 
awaited 800 metres race in- 
volving Sebastian Coe and 
Steve Cram, is one of several 
athletes from boycotting na- 
tions who have applauded the 

Vet the decision to boycott 
should be made by the athletes 
themselves in the same way 
that British athletes, with a lot 
of help from Dennis Follows, 
David Shaw of the British 
Amateur Athletic Board, and 
the International Athletes' 
Gub decided they would go to 
Moscow in 1980. That choice 
is not open to athletes from 
many countries. And as long 
as athletics is organized on a 
national basis, the athletes will 
remain political pawns of the 
country they represent. 

What is lacking in the sport 
is an effective international 
body representing the athletes 
in the way the ATP represents 
tennis players. The Interna- 
tional Amateur Athletic Fed- 
eration represents its own 
interests only through nation- 
al federations. Such a body 
could also promote the move 

By Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 
be too away from the ludicrous silua- his world mile record last year. 

lion where only three athletes 
per country per event can 
compete in championships. 
This would promote a proper 
competitive representation of 
the best athletes in the world. 

As it is, beginning tomor- 
row we probably have about 

After Cram's authoritative 
victory in the 800 metres in 
Nice 1 0 days ago, when he ran 
imin 43.62sec, the fastest of 
the year, it looked as if not 
even Coe, the world record 
holder with Imin - 41.73sec, 
could beat 1 him. But then, the. 

half ofthe besTathietrefn the following night. Coe ran the 
Commonwealth contesting »stest metres in the 

the Games: The great shame world. 2mtn 14.9sec; and it 

letes lead the rankings in five 
Commonwealth events this 
year — and whose young 
women did so well in last 
week's world -junior champi- 
onships - is that the propa T 
ganda. value their successes 
would have reaped, thereby 
attracting more youngsters 
into the sport, has been lost 
It is the ■ same for the 
Jamaican women, who head- 
ed three of the event rankings, 
white the Kenyan men led two 
events and had strong repre- 
sentations elsewhere. Thank- 
fully, we should have two 
contests between Coe and 
Cram which would illuminate 
any championship. 

The system of qualifying 
rounds produces a degree of 
expectation whose outcome 
in the final is rarely unsatisfac- 
tory. something which the 
independent meetings on the 
grand prix circuit aim to 
reproduce in- one-knight spec- 
taculars. but ultimately 

The athletes know the true 
worth of their sport is the 
championship title and gold 
medal. And. die excitement of 
expectation is that much high- 
er for Coe and Cram because 
they have already run, as it 
were, a couple of qualifying 
rounds in the oast two years, 
with Coe beating Cram .to the 
Olympic title in 1984, then 
with Cram beating Coe and 

looked as if nobody in the 
world could beat him either. 

The pair meet at both 800 
and 1,500 metres and most 
people. Steve Ovett included, 
feel the honours will be shared 
in the- way that Coe and Ovett 
shared the same titles in the 
Moscow Olympics. But 
Cram's current middle-dis- 
tance peer. Said Aouita, who 
has been a victim - of Cram's 
mental ^and physical strength, 
has plumped for Cram to win 

The absence of Zola Budd 
makes Yvonne Murray the 
favourite to win both 1,500 
and 3,000 metres gold medals 
in front of her home crowd, 
while Fatima Whitbread has 
only to reproduce her form 
since the Olympic Games to 
reverse the Los Angeles medal 
positions on her English com- 
patriot, Tessa Sanderson. 

Ovett would probably have 
been the favourite for bis new 
championship distance, the 
5.000 metres, even - with the 
Kenyans and Tanzanians 
competing Bui now he has the 
intriguing challenge of John 
Walker, former Olympic 
1.500 metres champion who 
has a faster time over the 
longer distance. Colin Jackson 
has the formidable opposition 
of Mark McKoy, of Canada, 
between him and another gold 
medal to add to his world 
junior high hurdles title of last 

<3T- >;•***< 

r>"; y':-/ 

Clash of the giants: Steve Cram (left) and Sebastian Coe set to do battle in an eageriy- 
awafted 800 metres race in the Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh 

Perry puts 
the past 
behind her 

By Richard Eaton 

The next 

-were- In- 
tended >9 be the ’ 
last serious tide, 
tilt for Nora 

Perry, twice a 

former world 
champion and seven times a 
former All England champion, 
and one of England's great 
doubles players of all time who, 
at 31, retires from serious 
competition at the end of the 
year. She has also been a triple 
Commonwealth Games grid 
medal winner and has retained 
all of her dominant, buoyant 
personality and modi of her 
skilL So who would have 
thought Hut now, only a couple 
of years after some of her finest 
triumphs, she was no longer 
favoured to win a gold at all? 

Foremost among several rea- 
sons for this is the side effort of 
the long and embittered war that 
she in particular — among eight 
other players — have earned on 
with Jalte Downey, the team 
manager. The hostilities led to 
her taking no pan in the Ubcr 
Cap, prevented her from taking 
any serious part in the European 
championships and contributed 
to such a sequence of different 
partners that consistent success 
was nearly Impossible. 

This is her last chance to fry 
to diminish the memory of a 
disappointing past year. “I'd 
like to do something this time." 
she says, and you can feel the 
emotion as she says it. 


BADWMTON (MNdowbankl 2pm. Hons 
Kong v isJe o> Man. Canada /Guernsey. 
Wales v N Ireland. England * New 
Zealand. 7, England v Wafas Austrata vN 
Ireland. Canada v Hang Kang. Scotland v 
Isle 0< Man. 

BOWLS (Batgreefiy Sam. men's singles. 

pin: women s angles, pars. l-Mpm, 
mens pan, womens pairs, lours. 6. 
mens singles, fours: women's singles, 

OngBsionl: 7.30pm. pretm- 



CYCLING; flam, 100 km read team time 

ROWING (Strathclyde Country Park]: 
Tiers, women s confess pan heats. 
1L30, mens eights heats 12 noon, 
women s dOutM acuAs heats. l2J0pm, 
men's bgfttw o ig M scuBs heats. 1, men's 
smile scufts heats. 1 JO, women's eights 
heats. 2. men's kghtw ei a h t confess lours 
_ heals. A women s autos pars repe- 
chage. *30, men's eights repechage. 5. 
women's doutHe sculls repechage. 530. 
mens lightweight sods repechage. 6, 
mens single scuts repechage. 630. 
womens eights repe-dtage. 7, men's 
tejttwetgm ctudess lours repectiaoe. 

SHOOTING; At Muaseftutght 938am. 
raoo lire ptsiol pairs. 2pm. free pmtol 
pairs. At Kippem Ham, Olympic trench 
£»W3 (Shotgun) MPIttUnfe. Edinburgh 
Umuenitr- 1030am, air rifle pan. 

SWIMMING (Royal Commonwealth Pootfr 
10am. woman's lOOm freestyle heats; 
mens lOOm breaststroke heatfc wo- 
men's 400 m htdnndiia] medley Mats: 
men's 400 m freestyle hews; women's 4 a 
.200 m freestyle heats. 1pm, synchnwed 
swimming hguras. 630, women S 100m 
■freestyle final, mens 100 m breaststroke 
hnat women s 400 m mdwfciuaJ 
final, mens 400 m treestyta 
■ women's 4 x 200 mOoestyte-fmai. 8.15, 
synchronised swimming solo 


2pmJ2 kg class. 7. 



BBC 1: 170am 12, 30pm (Bowls, swim- 
mmq rewmg.shooww.ncfangK1-1Sr4.12 
(bowfa. badminton, svwmmtnc. weight' 
Mtmg. Shoetmg. rowing): 930*10.15 
(Swimming, boxing. nmfghWfang. bed- 
mutton, cyclmg. bowls, shooting, rowing). 
BBC 2; 6pm-9 (badmmon. bowls, 

Swimmers protest 
over practice times 

Edinburgh. Dis- 
, rrict Council 
were' severely 
criticized .yefc 
terday by the 15 
swimming teams 
at the Commonwealth .Games. 
The team managers have been 
pressing the council to relax 
their restriction on the Royal 
Commonwealth Pool being un- 
available for training until 8am 
each day. 

But the request by the 
competing nations for a '6am 
sian was tinned down yesterday 
by the council, forcing the team 
managers to issue a statement 
alleging that the council have 
gone rack on their pre-Games 
promises regarding the use of 
the pooL 

The statement said: **A1I 
countries involved in the swim- 
ming competition at the 
Commonwealth Games fed that 
the City of Edinburgh has not 
fulfilled its obligations, es- 
pecially in claiming that these 
arc the “Friendly Games". All 
previous information issued to 
Commonwealth countries 
stated that training times at the 
Commonwealth Pool were lo be 
from 6.30am on competition 

“On arrival, teams found that 
the previous information was 
not as stated in the document 
‘Operations Manual — 
Swimming*, issued by the 

.Commonwealth. Games 
Committee. Several approaches 
to the city of Edinburgh have 
.been met with jton-negotiiable 
answers." . 

. . The council maintain that the 
pool must remain closed until- 
8am — even oh competition 
days, which sunt today, wallow 
the police sufficient time to 
carry-out security checks every 
morning. But Trevor Thomas, 
of England, said: “It is normal at 
international events to get in at 
six in the morning and this'is 
almost unheard of. 

Tom Brazin', the Australian 
manager, added: “We don’t 
believe this would happen any- 
where dse in the A way 
would be found around iL" . 

Meanwhile, Alex. Baumann, 
swimming's equivalent to Daley 
Thompson, may be prevented 
by injury from fully demonstrat- 
ing his prodigious talent. Olym- 
pic and Commonwealth 
champion at both 200 and 400 
metres medley, the Canadian 
has held the world 200 metres 
record for the past five years and 
the 400 metres mark since 1984. 

But the shoulder injury which 
forced Baumann, aged 22, to 
miss the 1982 world champion- 
ships recently flared up again 
and the man from Ontario said: 
“I really was considering 
whether I could compete here. 
It's not a total dislocation. The 
joint in my right shoulder just 
pops out “ 

Top-heavy England 


The boycott of 
the Games has 
left Wally Hol- 
land rueing 
England's choice 
of competitors. 
Had Holland, 
who is managing the country's 
weight-lifters in his seventh 
Games, known of the boycott 
far enough in advance it would 
have put a completely different 
complexion on the selection of 
the team. 

“It's ironic really." Holland 
said. “We didn't pick some 
people in the lighter classes, 
because nations like India and 
Malaysia are so strong there. 
Now they've pulled out. and the 
little blokes we didn't choose 
would now have a great chance 
of winning." 

For England the lightweight 

Dean Willey, six times British 
champion although still aged 
only 22. is poised to add to his 
featherweight gold medal from 
the Brisbane Games, while 
David Mercer, an Olympic 
bronze medal winner, and 
Keith Boxed make a formidable 
pair in the middle heavyweight 

Wales's best chance of a 
medal rests with an an English- 
bred lifter, the light-heavy- 
weight David Morgan. 

Scotland can count on their 
experienced duo of flyweight 
Charles Revolta and the 
bantamweight. John McNiven. 
There can hardly be a more 
remarkable competitor than 
McNiven. He is competing for a 
record sixth time at the age of 5 1 
—and is still hopeful of a medal. 

Sad cyclist 
finds it 
a sick joke 

By Fan! Martin 

Andrew Aldde, a cyclist from 
the tiny Caribbean island of St 
Lucia, cot a forlorn and lonely 
figure as he watched the opening 
ceremony on a television screen 
for competitors in the Games 
village. There were-most-of the 
village athletes, st r u ttin g out 
under the glare of world pub- 
licity and embracing the warmth 
of the Commonwealth brother- 
hood. To him, though, the 
Friendly Games are a “sick 
joke* 1 . His government has 
banned the St Lnda team from 
taking part, and be would have 
felt too distraught watching the 
ceremony from the stands. 

Indeed, he believes he » “ve*y 
lucky" not to bare been turfed 
oat on tit the street penniless, by 
theGames-organizers, “Yon are 
eatmg peoples food," he said. 
“Yoo fed yoti are not legally 
entitled to be here-". A sense of 
grift pervades those of his team 
who still wander aimlessly 
around the site, ritnally perform- 
ing their loosening - exercises. 
■They are desperate to leave and 
bear then sadness in-thefar own 
privacy, rather than to live on 
the hospitality of those whom 
their government has snubbed. 
St Lucian authorities have as yet 
not arranged for the team's 
return. .. 

The St Lucians cannot fly 
home immediately because their 
air tickets borne are valid only 
two weeks hence. Bnt some of 
A lode's colleagues went to 
Heathrow Airport yesterday, 
prepared to pool their remaining 
money and see how many of 
than could pay the difference m 
air tare that would ensure them a 
flight home. 

A number of airlines have 
waived the extra Hare for return- 
ing teams: others hare not yet 
contacted tire Games organizers. 

Bryan CowgflL the chief or- 
ganizer, said he would bill all 
boycotting nations for accom- 
modation, transport and meal 
expenses for their competitors 
from the day they announced 
their boycotts. He was for from 
confident that they would pay 
up, let alone cou n t e na n ce Robert 
Maxwell's demand for a sepa- 
rate amount totalling £2 million 
in damages. 

“Yes, let them stand all the 
bills," Aldde sakL He Teh more 
than deep frustration, more than 
mere bitterness. It would have 
been the first, time that the 240- 
square-mile tourist paradise, a 
natiou-ofl 50.000 people, had 
entered . a Commonwealth 
Games cycling team. The 
competitors had worked hard 
raising extra funding for the 
-team to train and compete. 

“The only solution is that the 
Commonwealth Gams Federa- 
tion must now demand that 
governments never allow politi- 
cal actions to ruin sport again." 
Alcide said. But he orged that no 
ban be imposed excluding the 
boycotting nations from future 
Games. “That would only make 
as athletes suffer yet again." 

a golden record 

England will be 
disappointed if 
they fail to win 
at least three 
gokl medals with 
a dutch of silver 
and bronze in 
the 13th Commonwealth 
Games regatta, which starts 
today. Steve Redgrave, of En- 
gland. co rid become the first 
man in the sport to win three 
gold medals in one champion- 
ship. Redgrave is entered for the 
single sculls, coxless and coxed 
fours and coached by Mike 
Spracklen, who won a gold 
medal in double sculls in 1958 
in the then Empire Games. 

The Commonwealth regatta 
is divided into two halves over 
four' days with some finals on 
Saturday and the remainder on 
Tuesday, - with a rest - day on 
Sunday. This' lends itself to 
competitive doubling up or at 
their own risk attempting a 
treble. ' ' ■ 

Redgrave roust be still smart- 
ing over his defeat in the 
Diamond Challenge sculls at 

By Jim Rail ton 

been changed. Male coxswains 
for the first time ro an inter- 
national championship win- be 
allowed to cox women's crews. 
The starting orders win be in 
English and not in the pre- 
scribed French. 

The English are most con- 
cerned that the coxed fours have 
been promoted ahead of the 
coxless pairs' in next Tuesday's 
finals. They had assumed, 
according to the programme of 
racing, that Redgrave and 
Holmes could -have off-loaded a 
tough pair-oared event before 
concentrating on the* coxed 
fours and have not only pro- 
tested but also suggested a new 
order of rowing. Anarchy 
appears to Be almost the rule of 
the regatta. . .. . 

Although .many •* of the 
Commonwealth, competitors 
are of unknown pedigree and 
often in new combinations, at 
least one looks a threat to the 
English pair' on paper. New 
Zealand boat the Olympic 
bronze medal winner in the 
coxed fours. Don Symon, and 

Hailey by the Dane Bjome Shane O'Brien, a -gpldrmcdal 
El tang, who /brought the winner hi coxless fours. 

The English team will: pay 

Englishman' to a standstill. 
Fortunately. Redgrave has only 
the single sculls to concentrate 
on in the first half of the regalia 
before tackling the two rowing 
events next week. He has excep- 
tionally talented men to back 
bim in his quest hi the coxed 
fours he will be joined by the 
Olympic gold medal winners, 
Andy Holmes, and Martin 
Cross, with Adam Gift, a world 
silver medal winner, completing 
this talented quartet Redgrave, 
of course, is also a gold medal 
winner in this event and they 
will be steered by the Olympic 
champion coxswain Adrian 

Redgrave and Holmes link up 
again in the coxless pairs. In 
Lucerne two weeks ago they 
broke the Rotsee record and the 
Italian world and Olympic 
champions in the coxed pairs. 

The Games regatta appears lo 
be run on general consent and 
hybrid rules which the inter- 
national governing body (FISA) 
might certainly frown upon. 
Despite publishing the order of 
rowing nine months ago. it has 

their highest respects to tfleir 
Commonwealth cousins 
particularly Canada, Australia 
and New Zealand Individuals 
from these three countries tak- 
ing pan in the Commonwealth 
regatta reached more than 40. 
finals in the 1984 Olympic 
Games and 1985 world 
championships, winning five 
gold, five silver and 12 bronze 

Much is still to be revealed by 
visitors to this island but some' 
have not travelled up to 12,000 
miles for recreation. Just for a 
sample, the Canadian coxless 
four with four Olympic gold 
medals winners in eights must 
be the Canadian fiagtinip- They 
.won the Stewards' Challenge 
Cup ill record time at Henley. 
The New Zealand eight look 
slippy while the coxless four 
have three men from the fburtiv 
placed world championship, 
eight The New Zealand double 
scullers. Stephanie Foster and 
Robin . Clarke, were fourth in 
lastjyear's world championships 
behind three Eastern Bloc crews. 

Cooper shoots for gold 

just won a o 
for a recount. 


Seventeen years 
ago a dis- 
appointed Mal- 
colm Cooper 
asked for his 
score to be 
checked after 
winning a dub championship. 

It made no difference. Coo- 
per, then aged 21. had only 
equalled the British record. But 
he vowed to capture an Olympic 
gold, and ine destiny of 
shooting* s most famous compet- 
itor was shaped. 

John Hunter, England's icam 
manager at the Games in Edin- 
burgh. was the -man who re- 
checked Cooper's score. “It was 
strange for someone who had 

just won a competition to ask 
'jr a recot 

Cooper, now aged 38, realized 
hisambitiansin Los Angeles by 
claiming Britain's first gold of 
the Olympics. In Brisbane four 
years ago he won. two -gokls,- 
thrersilvers and one bronze, but 
he will not be able to match that 
total this time. His. wife. Sarah, 
aged 37. beat him in a qualifying 
event' to represent England in 
the prone rifle. 

But now they could become 
the first husband and wife team 
to. win (he three-position rifle 
pairs and help England meet a 
medal ' ia®et which manager 
Hunter has set at “a minimum 
of 20".' 

New generation searching for title 


By Gordon Allan 



South Africa, 
was the most re- 
cent overseas 
bowler to win 
the Commonwealth Games sin- 
gles gold medal. That was at 
Cardiff in 1958. Since then 

moving to London to work he 
has won the national singles, in 
1981. and been a regular mem- 
ber of the England team. 

There have been murmurings 
about his selection. Why choose 
an Anglo-ScoL the carpers ask. 
when there must be native 
English players just as good? All 
that is now by the way. 

David Bryant- has won it Four Thomson's ability, experience 
_ - — * * • drive are 

times for England and Wifiie 
Wood once for Scotland, but as 
a result of the slow rise of 



are now ineligibleL 
Starting at Baigreen. a few 
hundred yards from 
Murrayfield rugby ground, to- 
day. Andy Thomson (England), 
Richard Cotsie (Scotland). Stan 
Espie (Ireland) and Ray Hill 
(Wales) will try to keep the title 
at home. Thomson might have 
represented Scotland, because 
he comes from Fife, but since 

and- competitive 

With Wood, the gold medal 
winner at Brisbane in 1982. 
ineligible. Corsie carries the flag 
for the Scots. He is an Edin- 
burgh postman and local knowl- 
edge could help him to deliver 
the title. 

In the pairs, the brothers 
Chris and David Ward repre- 
sent England, and Wales bank 
on L>n Perkins and Spencer 

Grant Knox could collect a 
medal for Scotland. There is no 
triples evenL In the fours. 
Ireland's skip is Willie Watson, 
who won a bronze in 1981 

Women .bowlers are taking 
full pan in the Games for the 
first time.- In 1982 they were 
confined to- an experimental 
triples competition, won by 
Zimbabwe. Wendy Line, a past 
national 'champion, has. been 
nominated, by England in the 
singje& Eileen BdL the new 
British Isles champion, repre- 
sents Ireland Sarah Gouriay, 
whose husband David won a 
pairs gokf at Brisbane, plays aL 
lead in the Scottish four. 

Among the overseas chal- 
lengers. Ian Dickinson, of New 
Zealand should be. a strong 
contender in the singles- Austra- 
lia send lan Schubaoc. a former 

ago. Ron Jones and Bin 
Boettger. Canada’s pairs team, 
are prominent in a Laurel and 
Handy way. Jones weighs 8st 
and Boettger 20 sl 
T eams 

ENGLAND: More Singles: A Thomson. 
Paha: C Wanl. D Ward. Poets: M Seiner. J 
Haims. L Bowden, P BtanflaW. Woman: 
Sbickac W Una Pahs J VaOs. B 
Siuob inps. PhuBK B Atherton. M AUan. M 

SCOTLAND: Maw Sngfac R Corato. 
Pans G- Kixh, 0 Adrafci. Foot: M 
Graham. G Rober tso n, w Hartmess. J 
Boyle. Women: Slagles S McCrone. 
Pans N Mulhoiand. G Boyle. Pom: S 
Gaurtoy, A Evans, J Mannas, F Whyte. 

MeCufchaon, -D Hamsun. Fours W- 
Montgomery. R McCune, E PaiWnson. W 
Watson. Women: Singles: E Bell. Pahs F 
Elton. M Johnston. Fows K Usgnath. H 

WALES: Mete Singles: R MUL Pahs L 
Porfdha. S Wash**. Pours R Waste. W 

Wjtshire, silver medal winners , professional tennis coach, who 
in 1982. George Adrain and . took up bowls only five years 

Thomas. H Thom**, j Morgan. 

SfagiBK A Danton. Paine J ACWanrt M 
Pomeroy. Foots R Jones, L Evans, J 
Ricketts. L Parker. • 

Families miss 
out as the 
boycott bites 

Edinburgh (AFP) ' — The 
Jamaican boycott of the Games 
and Canada's decision to take 
part have split two families. 
They -have left Ben Cameron, 
the world 400 metres champion, 
and the Commonwealth 200m 
title-holder. Meriene Ottey, 
kicking their heels while Bert’s- 
wife. Linda, and Meriene's-hus- 
baril-Mili — both high-jumpen 
— take part 

■. Ben. and Meriene were to 
wear Jamaica's colours! until the 
West Indian island decided to 
I join the boycott Now Ft is left to 
I- Linda -and MilL also a gold 
medal winner in Brisbane four 
years ago. to fly the femily flag, 
in Edinburgh under the Car 
nadnm banner. 

This was to have been the first 
time the Camerons' would have 
co.mpeied a j a major champion- 
ship together 

No easy path to 
winning medals 

- By SrikumarSen, Boxing Correspondent 

The’ England 
boxing team are 
aiming to im- 
prove on their 
achievement in 
the Games in 
Brisbane when everyone in the 
team of nine came back with a 
medal of one hue or another — 
two golds, five silvers and two 
bronzes. ’ . . 

Bui the passage to the medals 
will not be easier this time even 
if the formidable Africans, who 
lifted' 50 per cent of the medals 
in Brisbane, are not here. Ri- 
valry will be -fiercer than ever, 
for with a -golden chance to win 
medals not only are the other 
home countries hoping to cash 
in but they .cannot wait for 
another chance to get to grips 
with England. While the Scots, 
the Welsh and the Irish hope 
they do not meet Canada in the 
early; rounds, they do not mind 
at this stage lo take on England. 

The Englishman who will be 
under most pressure is John 
Lyon (flyweight), five limes 
ABA champion, who is hoping 
to turn "his silver at the last 
Games into a gold here He faces 
stiff opposition from three men 
he has- beaten already: Steve 
Beauprt. of Canada, who lost on 
a split- decision in Quebec the 
last time -they met. Drew 
Docbcriy. of Scotland, and 
Kerry Webber, of Wales. 

The Welsh are confident that 
Webber will prevent Lyon from 
getting his gold medal. Ray 
Dyer, the Welsh coach; said 
yesterday: “In the ABA semi- 
finals. Lyon, who usually likes 

logo forward, ran from Webber, 
and outpointed him. But Kerry 
has come on tremendously in 
the last two months and Lyon 
will not get away this time." 

Kevin Hickey, the England 

coach, said he docs not mind 
how the draw goes so long as 
England do not meet Canada. 
He hopes that Darren Dyer 
(welterweight*, Eric Cardouza 
(heavyweight) and James 

Oyebula (super-heavweighi). 
three men new to international 
competition, do not get byes, 
but get an easy first round. 

“I would like them to have a 
win under their belts before 
meeting the big boys," Hickey 
said. As there arc' only three 
super-heavywcighis, Hickey is 
hoping that .Oyebula draws 
Aneunn Evans, the Welshman. 
“1 hope he gets Evans to warm 
up for Lennox Lewis, of 
Canada," Hickey said. 

The team u> birat appears to 
be Canada, though the Canadi- 
ans say that the side that poses 
the greatest threat to them is 
England. “We don’t fear En- 
gland. but we would rather not 
meet them early," Bill Starr, the 
Canadian team manager, said. 

Lewis, . who was born in 
England, and Marcus could ruin 
Hickey's hopes of improving on 
England's medal tally if they 
meet Oyebula and Rod Douglas 
in the first round, and Gram 
could prevent the tough Welsh- 
man. Jonathan Alsop, ABA 
champion, from progressing fur- 
ther if the draw today throws 
them together in the first round. 
Alsop said he is ready to take on 
Grant and will not be deflected 

Cash boost 


week got off to a 
flying start in 
Eduurergh, even 
before a pedal 
had -- been 
pumped in anger. The nn- 
eassp8ffl«nesi rider, aged. 17, from 
H sytake, has reedved a windfall 
of 'a £300 training grant from 
England's Commonwealth 
Games Association!- 
‘ Sams like that may be small 
to some of the competitors going 
for gold in Edinburgh, but for 
Boantman, £300 represents a 
small fortune in an .expensive 

The Manchester Wheeler ex- 
plained.- “I rely on- my dad for a 
lot of helpanda grant like this is 
great news." But fie may have a 
good, deal ’non to celebrate 
before the -Games are over: As 
one jrf-Enxlani!'si4000 metres, 
team, parent quarto, be and^ his 
colleagues joe- strongly fancied 
to takeamedaL 
The same optimism is field for. 
Colin Stmgres, of Leicester, 
aged 17, who rides, in the 1km 
timetriaL ... 

Never before' 'have ^-England 
sent twn- 17-year-olds- to battle 
for eyeffim glory in thr Common- 
wealth -Games. So for, these 
Games have been dogged by a 
"boycott bat it Is stffl a pleasure to 
hear two joong men Calk of the 
great pride' (hey fori in 
representing their country. 

Stnrgess summed np their 
feelings by saying:. “This will he 
ti»e biggest event I hare ever 
taken part in. 1 would love to ride 
in the next Olympics hot the 
Commonwealth Games have got 
to -be. second in the list of 
glamour occasions. I'm really 
looking forward to faking part." 


Con tinued firm page 3 1 



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PART II |PG] 5n> Props Doors ► 
own Daily 5.05. 5 56. 8.05. Re- * 
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set to floor 
their rivals 

By Philip Nicksan 

Still reeling from 
the decision not 
to include the 
Sport in the next 
Games. the 
classical art of 
freestyle wrestling sustained an- 
other blow Iasi week following 
the news of the Indian boycott 
For although India is not the 
dominant force in. wrestling it 
once was — Canada claims the 
undisputed lop (dace — it still 
manages to produce some star- 
tling combatants. 

This was dearly shown in the 
inaugural Commonwealth 
Wrestling Championships held 
in Scotland last year to prevent 
the Commonwealth ' wrestling 
links being severed. India won 
the two lightest categories and 
gained. silver and bronze medals 
'm other categories, Nigeria. too. 
is an emeiging nation, spurred 
on by Soviet-advisers. 

None of the boycotting coun- 
tries were likely to a flea 
England's two main chances. If 
the 90k Olympic bronze medal 
winner. Nod Loban.-and the 
57k reigning ‘Commonwealth 
Games champfon, Brian Aspen, 
secure the first .places that are 
expected' of them, it will ’he 
through their own merits. 

In both cases, it is Canada. 
New Zealand and Australia who 
provide the main opposition, 
although, especially in the case 
of the Loban. aged 28. the 
Indian and Nigerian wrestlers 
would have at least drawn 

■The boycott should increase 
the chances of minor medals 
elsewhere from the home 

s. nr 



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4 ml :- 

LOO Cfcefax AM. . 

640 BreskfastTtme with Frank 
Bough and, tor the laet 
time, Sslina Scott. 

Weather at 845, 7.25, 

7J& 145 and 84V 
regional news, weather 
arS (raffle at 647,747, 

7 47 end 8.27; national and 
- ■> '■■. Internat i o nal news st7JX), 
7^0, 8d», MO and WJft 
. sportet 7.20 and 840; and 

fi-ISOood Momfrig B rita i n 
presented by Anne . 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon . 

. Honeycombs at 640. 7.00L 
finandai news at 645; 

- ■ sport at 8-40 and 740; 
axardses at &5& cartoon 

• at748ipopmgato«t74ii- 
. ttw weekend's television 

:& , 

• ■ ■ if* 2 it 

f -«*.:! :i- , •# ; ' y •*• 

• v , •• --"T' 1 -" : S- '• . * . 

her years as an early 
morning presenter; Glynn 
CtidWwi with the best 
weekend food bargains; 
answers viewers ’phonfrln 
gardening problems. The 
guests indude Robert 

845 Wicaday presented by - 
Timmy Maflett. Hb mantis 
Rustle Lee. 

‘ • Kb the classic 
summertime mixed-bag on . 
television today, with few ' 
plums. But as ft is my job to.polnt 
you in the general dfreebon of 
such quality fruit as there are, my 
choice must Indude such 

light-hearted offerings as My 
Matte (B8C2, 9.00pm) which 
usually produces a crop of the 
best isiscripted jokes oMbe 
week but for my money, gains 
Bttte by being on -television - 
Instead of radb;lhe 
showbuslness nostalgia toast 
Looks Ferrite (Channel 4. 


of BBC Bristol's The Heating 
Arte (BBG2. 940pmL which 
is about homoeopathy in general 
and the practitioner and 
teacher George VHhoulkas In 
particular. . 

• Best on radio todayr Prom 
night which mdudes the first UK 
performance of Nans Werner 
Henke's seventh symphony, and 

9 Looking ahead to the ■ 
weekend television programmes, 
make a note of these: Alfred 
Brendel launching BBCTVs ■ 
ambitious Liszt Week with a 
musical evocation of S w itzerland 
from Artne&s depetermags 
(tomorrow. BBC2. 9-DOprfl), and. 

•MkC ke «* 4 i • - - \. MO Xlll C om m onw eal th 

t Ub k i|i T .* ' Games from Edinburah ■ 

hhu kr; minSt Introduced by Stave Rider. 

■ m-tn i Bowling, swimming, 

M 4 - rowing, shoeaing and • 

r»«- ■•■■■■■. ■■■>..'• r 

Ihnr : t240 JSSS&tteNoon.wtth^ - 

ratetotnihr . . Richard wtiKmore and 

w iwe »- r- Moira Stuart, includes ■ 

Mf Rgiaiii* i y, news head&ies with 

sttW > .. subtitles 1245 Re^onal 

iv i« j,rfu- ■ ■ . .. = news and weather.-LOO 

: f ■ -> v< 'iisxShSm^s^ 

Gamea from Edinburgh. 

“ iZti* Further^ coverage of bowls 

w wr-. i from Balgreen Bowing 

iMrai'Vn t: Centre; swimming from 

Wdi Nirt, i v . j “ . theRpy^OommonweaKh 

w%rik>ni^p ' Pool; rowing from . 

3 u ri u ttc i i * StramdydeCoiKrtry Oub; - 

Ml. Iirrw i:*.‘ and shooting from various 

■teed and . . venue*. The flratvlsiteo* : 

i&i. ,, “ ‘ the Games to the 

•wr-uiu. .V ; : 

U!7ui • •*,. and we^htliftmg from the 

-■ Playhouse The&e. 4.12 — 

"f* Mi.t ' * - . Re^onaltiews. - 

. '4.15 The Amazina Adventures 

leefti i»k«-, t .. dfMorpli.infroducedby 

' •’ Tony Hart (r) 440 • • ' 

. ; ^ t-: Dastardly and Mtritley. 


ses set toft., skwEks, 

. _ „ _ • ii • , -i fefVWd toon the Radiol, 

nan ; their m .. s^ssLon 

• . j S'--ffissfess!3 

•n;. tmw' -< ... 

848 Thames news heaeffines 
frdowed by WBd, WBd 
World of Animal*. A 

profile of the world's 
. largest bat -the flying fox. 

: W9JS0iilka.AdvenSrBS 

or 4_young man delivering 

a rmndear to ttie PariaZoo 
1 1 020 B ee s B a cky ar d '■ 
Sctooc^ How bees form 
ttieir colonies andhow • 

' honey fc gdthared for ' 
human consumption. - 
1045 UttteHotmeon the l 
P rsWe114SCouT*geous 
Cat. Cartoon series. 

1140 About Britain. The peqtte 
of Rye and their 
amoundkigs filmed over a 
pariodof five days In 
- December. 

1240 Teettme end ClauittB. (r) 

. . . 12.10 Ratebow. Learning 

- * with-puppete. 

1240 Job wa t ch . A repeat of 
Sundayb proyamote 
. which examswd French- ■ 
style secrMiB-fal training. 
14Q News atone with Leonard 
■ Parkin T40 Thames nm. 
L30 FBncSutnvaylntheSky . 
■* (1958) starring Van 

Johnson and nadegarde 
Neff. Wanted as adMerter 
” by the US Army medical 
corps. Major Grant takes 
refuge in the Berlin 

oostj Canadil 

nan j their m 



' • BKi 

He m- [ 

{ 11. free , 



f it smell 
fk be* tm 

ill* ft* i« 

■MLiK'r * 

m Hrir 

Ml *W hr 

- JL00 News with Sue Lawtoy and 

‘ Nicholas WKchefl. - 
7- : Waathar.- 

US London PluS< 

740 WogaiLThte evening's- 
guests include Terence 

• ‘ ' Donovan; Profassor Heinz 
«■-■ •' worn and Prances Barber. 

- • " Mindc is provided by .. - 

j Bruce Hornsby. : • 

- 7,40 NoPtaMLfteHooM* 

*. ‘ More probleina from Ma - 

fandyforthe put-upon . 
husband wid father, 

Arthur Crabtree. Starrteg 
WMiamGaunt M 
. G10 Dynasty. Alexis ptans a 
fittie surprise for Blake; 

Ben Cairmgton decides to 
contest hfe tether's wilt 
' and Amanda finally gets 
the message thatDex * 

; doesn't tove her; (Ceeftjx).. 


• • ’ Weather.' ; . - -* ■' 

940 XllICbmtnonweaMi - - 
Games. Wghtiahtsdf the 
first dsy'eeventa, 

V - introduced by Despond . 
LynanuwMch Included . 

. swfchming, boxing,. 

. badminton, cycling,- 
. - • bowfing, shooting and . ; 
weightlifting. (Ceefax) 

• 10.15 FBnc A Oueetfon of. . - 

Honour (1982) -starring 

Ben Gazzara, Paul 
- '- • Sovrino and Robert 

* ' Vaughn. A madetor- 

te l ev iaion drama about an - 
ambitious New Yock 
poBoerpan who 
desperatrty wants to take 
charge of.a big case to 

penthouse flat of acabaret 
singer, where he begins .. 

■ his fighttodearhis name 
ona drugs-trafficWng 

- - charge.Ctraoted by MurW 

• - Box. .*• 

340 TakettietOgh Road. 

: Drama te the Scotteh 
hi^ands where, this 
afternoon, Sally Shaw has 
. a painful meeting wfttt- 

■ Jimmy Blair.S^ Thames 
news headHnes 340 8one 

■ and Datifpttsrm. 

440 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 

12.m 4.15 The Moomtn*. 
Cartoon series, (i) 445 
Seooby-Doo. Cartoon. 

. 445 From tbe.TOp,. . . 
Comedy serial starring-BW 

. Oddle as e*enk manager 

who giysis up «s iob for .■ 

: thethSramHfaLT; ' 

S15 The Parfour Game. 

Celebrities challenge each 
other in games teat 
grandma used to play.' • i 
846 News with Carol Barnes 
840 Thames Weekend . J 

8.15 Po8co5 with Shaw Tayfor. 
540 City Safari. Film of the 
wBdfite to be found in the 
■ : - Queen’s back garden at 
Buckingham Pataca. - 
740 FBec They Who Dare - 
- 0953)*ihteflQMc -.. -v. 

Boga r de sn d D e nh olm-- * 
: -'"■ -BSott- ■Second World War ; 

--- . drama about* Sbectal ' :• 
Boat Service-rale on 
i; anemyalrfieidson -.- . 
Rhodes. Directed by Lewis 

lULinhunn • 

... 4(| pjflwwDai. •. 

.. .940 TheMacttde. Drama serial 
i u • ocia modem Mkflands 

... ■■ Netfh Centra (Orada) 

1040 News at Ten wmi Martyn 
Lewis and. Pamela / 

1040 Spitting Image. HlghS^rts 
from ttw satvtcal comedy . 
series. Foitowed by LWr 
news h ea dl in es. . 

. 1140 nrie The Postman 
. Always Rings TWtoa 

Desmond Kdly: The ScsKOOWn 
oeCheiiad 4.1130pm 

■ 845 Open IMwttfr: Base- 
Education for Adults 740 

- weekend Outlook. Ends at - 

.040 Caefn. 1040 Ptsy School 
presented by Jane Hardy. 
1040 Cricket First Test Peter 
West Produces coverage 
of the s eec o nd mornings 

■ play in tire match at Usd’s 
between England and New 

~ 145 An EngKsfiman's Home. 

Burghley House near 

- Stamford, burtt by WDfiam 
Cecfl. chief minister to 

- Queen Elizabeth J. (first 
shown on BBC North). 

145 Gramtetend introduced by 
Steve Rider from 
. Edinburgh. Cricket further 
coverage of the second 

day’s pray in the match at 
Lord's between England 
and New Zealand; Racing 
from Ascot the Rous 
Memorial Stakes (240); 
the Virginia Water Maiden 
Stakes 0.00k the Brown 

■ Jack Stakes (340k and 

■ the Sandwich Maiden . 
Stakes (4.05); XIII - 
C o mm o nw e al th Gam a s: - - 

— : — bowls and badminton- andr- 
. at app roxim ately 840, the 

• shimming finals. * 

840 The Great Egg Baco. . . 

-• Teams from Tewkesbury, 
Edinburgh aod Southfle o t 
have to move 41 dozen 

■ eggs as quiddy as 
possible using fork ftft 
tucks txNt by ttw teams 
from rudtmemary ' 
components. Pre s ented 
by Professor Heinz Wolff. 

848 Gardeners' Worid. Geoff 
. Hamilton and Clay Jones 
visit the Card i f f gar den of 
BfyanandBzabeth . . . 
Hibbard where they. .j 
.discover hidden comars 

• . end metfleval ruins, .v 
Messrs HamBton and Clay 

. advise the Mbbards' on •• 

’ how to deal with a gaidan 
sibwted in a frost pocket* 
sid on bow to make the ' - 
best of problem rockery. 
940 My Music. Steve Race . 
presents another edition 

of the Bghthearted music 
quiz. Frank Muir and John 
" Am» chatterige tan — 
Wallace and Denis 

- - Nordefk - L -- - • • 1 

940 Die Heating Arts. Part - 

i four oftM'aeriaaon 

* ■ ^numsttal aspeewof- 

'■*' tfrtefcteetetfluresGraak - 

• homeopaflf George 

- Vithouikas^Trained as an . . 

. . engmeer. Vithouticas . L 

■ studied homeopathy 

. almost by acckienL He is . 

concedet hsta omeoldentartainers 
were less than "briffiant" or 
"fantastic". On sight unseen (the 
BBC did not arrange a Press > 
screening), | will a^J to my 
recommended fist the fourth 

2.18- Their LortfsHpe 1 House, (r) 
240. Edward H< 9 per. A profile 
. of ttw American painter 
which includes an . 
explora t ion of the reasons 
why Ns work became so 
appreciated after years of 
being regarded as 

345 Ann Arts. This fourth 
prog ramm e In the series 
. -examining the work of 
Aslans Uvmg and working 
in Britain focuses on art 
work created by handa. 
4.15 Dan Off the Date. Richard 
Hoggart talks about Ns 
young days as an orphan 

growing up in a workings 

class household in Leeds; 
the publication of his The 
Uses of Literacy; and his 
meeting with W.H Auden. 
440 Danefcr Days. Yolanda 
teKs Horatio she wants a 
legal separation; and 
Marisa has her baby. 

540 Car 54, Where Are You?* 
Vintage American comedy 
series about two 
incompetent poficemea 
This week Toody becomes 
Jealous whew Muktoon 

seems to be making - 

romantic overtures to his " 

' wife: • 

540 Ttw Chart Show. The 
latest pop muscle charts ' 
from this country and 
. . overseas. 

640 SoBd Soul presented by 
Juliet Roberts and Chris 
Forbes. The guests are 
The Real Thing, Jermaine 
Stewart Lewis, and Love ' 

840 1988 Tour de France. 

Stage 21 - St Etienne to 

Clermont-Ferrand which 

indudes the one-in-sbc 
dimb up the Puy de Dome. 
740/Chamwi Foot news with 
".Peter Bissons and Ntote 
V ■ report " 

740 Book Choice. To coincide 
.. with the centenary of 
Liszt's death, pianist Clive 
Britton dtecusses a new 
biography of the 
composer - Franz Uszt 
the Man and the Musician, 

• by Ronald Taylor. 

840 What ttw Papers Say with 
'■ freelance joumafit Mary: * 

: .* iHoltehd: ' IT 
-.ALISXbbkfeHmnh^ Dabls^::- 
■ .Nordenis joined by Cyd~ ' 
-' Charts** Dora Bryan and’ 
r NfchoteS Parsons, to" 

'■ "reminisce atxxjf the . 
entertainers and 
entertainments of the 
Thirties a nd Forties. 

940 .The Cosby Show. 

B eethov en Viow Concerto 
(Radio 3, 740 and 840pm); 
and the first of Tom Salmon's six 
travelogues that make upn _ 
Devon Journeys (Radio 4. 
8.45pm). Thera is no guide on 
ratfio more companiaBle than 
Tom Sabnon, and no globe- 
trotting reporter more adept at 
transmuting pictures into 

( Radto.4 ) 

On kmg wavs. VHF ' variations at 

545 Shipping. 640 News briefing. 
6.10 Farming. 64S 

«0"T^Sd 84G 740. 

. 840 News. 645 . 

Business News. 645,745 

Weather. 740, 840 

News. 745, 845 Sport 7AS 
Thought for the Day. 848 
Parliament 840 Letters. 

847 Weather; Travel 
940 News 

945 Desert Wand Discs. Sir 
Geoffrey Howe is the 

* 4 . S»® *«**;. 

Ketth Aifen visits the Isle 
of Lewis 

1040 News; Internatio na l 
Assignment BBC 

High Noon which, arguably, did 
more to give ttw genre 
respectablBty than any western 
before or since (tomorrow. ■ -- 
BBC2. 1045pm); and waflam 
Wyler's The uttw Foxes 
(Sunday, Channel 4, 10.15pm) 
with Bette Davis at her 
wise,- there's the celebrated 
Callas/Gobbl recording of Toaca 
(tomorrow. Radio 3, 340pm). 


conversation with NsvWe 
'. Garden.' . ' 

640 PMrNews magazine: 

540 Shipping. 545 

' Weather. . . 

840 News: Financial Report 
640 Watertines. Events and 
■ : sporting activities In, on’ 
or under the water. With Cliff 
Mieheimoce. Difly Barlow. 
740 News. 

745 ’The Archers. 

740 Pick of (he Week. 

Margaret Howard's 
selection from the past 
week's programmes on 
BSC raeflo and television. 
840 Law In Action. With 
Joshua Rosenberg. 

845 Devon Journeys (new 
series). Tom Salmon on 
- . '■ the first of six Journeys 


piano). 940 News 
945 This Week's Compo&en 
Debussy. Le martyre de 
Saint Sebastiaro and 
orchestration by Caplet 
of Le bolts a foujoux 
10.00 Bournemouth Serfonietta 
. (under Richard - 
_ . Hickgx),with Martyn HIS „ 
ftenor). Schubert tthe 
German Dances. 0 
- 820), Batten Les 
- titmsnations. Ravel. (Le 
tombeau de Couperin) 

I0i55 Test Match: second day ' 

. . of the FirstComNfl Test 

England v New 

continues on medium wave 
until 640. Other Rado 3 
programmes transfer to VHF 

640 Music for Two Guitars: 
Evengeios and Liza play 
works by Dabelfi. Ernesto 
Halffter, and Kirtekos - 
. Georgmakis - 
‘740 AParadieaoutof a 
' -Common Field: Victorian 
gardeners. With Dr Joan 

Edited by PeterDeat 
and Peter Davalle 

(oelloVCello Sonata n F 
major; Op5 No-lrand VtoNn 
Sonata In A, Op 47 
440 Choral Evensong: from 
Salisbury CathroraL 4J! 

5.00 Mainly for Pleasure; 
music selected by Paul 
Riley . 

" ( ~ Radio 2 ] 

On medium wave. See Radio i 
for VHF variations. 

News on the hour (exdrot 
940pm). Commonweaift Games. 

Brendsn O'Byrne. Reader 
•uonn wBSuiroofC. 

1045 DaBy service (s) 

1140 News; Travel; A 
Gentleman's Race. Gtyn 
Woranip te search of the 
modem clubman (r) 

1141 Youthful, Rural and 
Broke. Dan Cherrington. .. 
recalls moments from his 
younger days as the son 

■ oranarnpsnlre termer. • — 
1240 News: Can We Help? 

Experts answer 
questions on socU security 
benefits. Chaired by. 

John Howard, in UverpooL 
12.17 Don’t ^op Now- It’s 
Fundation. Comedy 
cabaret (rXs). 1245 Weather. 

140 The World at One: News. 

140 The Archers. 145 

240 SS9U* ■ Hour. 
Festival of Comedy in 

340 News: The Light Thet 
Failed, by Rudyard 
Kipkng. dramatized in three 
. parts by Frederick 
- Bradnum (1). VWth Steve 
- •• Hodson(r) - 

440 News. - . . - 

445 J. Kingston . 

■ • Platt.. . rememb e rs a 
flfettme In show business. 
With Peter Jones. 

440 Scottish Arts Week. The 
bass singer BUI MoCue in 

940 Letter From America by- 
ABatalr Cooks. 

945 Scottish Arts Week: Five 
poets talk to Robin Befl 
about places that are ' 
important to them. 

161S A Book At Bedtime: The . 
third Poficeman (10). 

1040 The World Tonight 
1140 Today in Paritement 
11.15 The nnandal World - 

11.15 The 
1140 Wee 


Ending. Satirical 

1240 News: 

Review (s). 

News: mother. 1243 

;. S Wales prty) as above . ■ 
excepfr &55840mn weather; 
Travel 145-240pm 
- Uttertina Comen 540-545 
PM (continued). 

( Radio 3 ) 

On mectium wave. VHF variations 
from 645am to 645am, and from 
1045am to 640pm 
645 Weather. 740 News 
745 ConcertPurceti 

(Chacony in G minor), 

. Bgaar (Spartbh Dances from 
. Op23and26), Janacek - - 
• . (Mladi), arid 

• ' Henze(Tetemanntens).-" 

840 News 

major, Kk 380 and 381 ). 
Handel (Sottiy sweet in 
Lydian measures: - 
Auger .soprano)., Mozart 
(Horn Concerto No 1: 

740 Proms 86: City of - ' 
-Birmingham SO (under 
. Simcn Rather, with Henryk 

one^Webem (^assacagfia, 
Op 1). Henze (Symphony 
No 7: first performance) 

840 During the Interval. 
Discussion cm Henze’s 
new symphony by Geoffrey 
Norris. BayanNorthcott 
and Stephen Walsh. 

840 Proms B& continued.- - - 

Beethoven's VtoHr . 

Concerto . 

945 ' Crossroads: ptay by 

Rhys Adrian, wim Brenda 
Bruce and Peter SaUs as the 
.'akJeriy couple 

1045 Scriabin Piano Sonatas; 

' Boris Berman plays the 
No 2 in G sharp minor „ Op 
1 9; and No 5 in F sharp. 

Op 53 

1140 Northern Sinfonla (under 
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marchand de sable qui 
passe), David Matthews 
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131) - 

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•045 Open l/rtiventity. Untf - 
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k) B flat Op tu7) . 

1140 Pied Piper with David 

1240 BBC Scottish SO (under 
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Un(vioiln)-PBrtoha. Janaoak 

. 6 . 02 . Games reports at 1042am. 
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4.00am Charles Move ($) 540 
Ray Moore (s) 740 Derek Jameson 
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(Lachian Dances), 

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Stand Match. Tg.flOww 1246Ngwi . 

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Seems Lflcg Yostentey tt.30— 1Z3S . 

275m; Ratio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m:VHF-90- 
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840 Rotatory 10.15 Sea uSSns^ 
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Ctotedewn. . — •• ‘ 




FRIDAY JULY 25 1986 

England kept 
in check 
by Hadlee 

mis >g£ij& TfMEs 


First poMtsbed m 1785 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

LORD'S: England have scored 
248 for five wickets. 

The first Test match against 
New Zealand, sponsored by 
Comhili. made a quiet start 
yesterday in weather bright 
and warm enough for drinks 
to be taken during each of the 
three sessions. England, hav- 
ing won the toss, scored 248 
for five, only Gooch and 
Gatling getting out for fewer 
than 40. 

There were really two differ- 
ent games being played — one 
when Hadlee was in action, 
the other when he was not 
The rest of the New Zealand 
bowling was tidy but not 
especially taxing. 

New Zealand were unlucky 
to lose Coney, their captain, 
with a body strain after he had 
bowled only four overs, and 
against those who were left, 
other than Hadlee, most coun- 
ty sides would have fancied 
themselves for runs. 

But Hadlee made an even 
match of it. If anything he 
gave New Zealand the better 
of the day. Bowling in short 
spells from the Pavilion End 
he took the first four wickets 
to fall, the last three of them 
for 1 5 runs in 14 overs. He has 
a lovely, easy rhythm, which 
enables him to disguise both 
his pace and his intentions, 
and a skill which allows him to 
move the ball both ways. Not 
even Statham used to hit the 
seam more often. 

After Hadlee had come back 
with the new ball with 25 
minutes left, immediately af- 
ter Gower was fifth out, he 
might well have finished En- 
gland off. they have such a (ail. 
But Willey was showing the 
value of having a sixth bats- 
man in the side by then, and 
he and Edmonds saw the day 

It will have come as no great 
surprise lo readers of this 
column to hear that Gatting 
had had to admonish some of 
his players for showing a lack 
of “professionalism” in drink- 
ing well into the night in 
Manchester last week, on the 
eve of the second of the one- 
day internationals, it is not 
that they are a boozy lot, so 
much as a casual one. 
in the language of the wine 

bar. no one produced a vin- 
tage innings yesterday. There 
was something full-bodied but 
which soon passed from 
'Gooch and brightbut perfect- 
ly drinkable from Athey. The 
Moxon was dry and not 
unpromising and the Gower a 
nice summer wine, without 
quite the flavour of its best 
years. The mellowest offering 
came from Willey, and there is 
still some of it left for today. 

The selectors were spared 
having to decide which of the 
bowlers to leave out when 
Pringle announced that his 
back was playing him up. But 
for that. Radford might have 
found himself taking out the 
drinks when ihey appeared 
after an hour's play. 


ENGLAND: Firn tarings 
G A Gooch c Smith b Hadlee 18 

M D Moxon Ifcw b Hadlee 74 

f WJ After c J Crone b Hadlee 44 
D I Gotrarc M Cram b Braoewdl 62 

*M W Gating b Hadlee 2 

P Willey not oat 27 

P H Edmonds not out . ■ ... 6 

Extras (b 2, lb 7, ab 6) 

Total (5 irkts) 

tB N French, N A Foster. 

N V 

Radford mad G R Dairy to bat. 
FALL OF WICKETS; 1-27. 2-102. 
3-196, 4-198, 5-237; 

Edgar. K R Rutherford, M D Crowe. 
tJVConej, J J Crowe. R J Hadlee, 
tl D S Smith, E J Cray. J G 
Bracewdl. W Watson. 

Umpires: H D Bird and A G T 

By then Gooch had been 
caught at the wicket in 
Hadlee's fifth over, a wide, 
low catch. The ball well up, 
was just about straight enough 
for Gooch to have to play, and 
it left him. 

This brought in Athey to 
join Moxon. Not for just over 
five years, when Boycott was 
at one end and Athey at. the 
other in Jamaica, had two 
Yorkshiremen batted together 
for England. This is far too 

Having seen off Hadlee, 
whose opening spell of oneJfor 
38 in seven overs gave no idea 
of how mudi trouble be had 
caused. Moxon and Athey 
played pretty well. Particular- 
ly. they ran well between the 
wickets. By lunch, taken at 96 
for one, they must both have 

known what a great chance 
they had of making a name for 

But in the second over of 
the afternoon Athey was 
caught at dip. If the ball lifted 
more than he expected, that 
could be put down to a gear 
change by Hadlee. Only he got 
anything out of the pilch. 
Several times in his first spell, 
having made one ball leave 
the bat he would bring the 
next one back. The first ball he 
bowled at Moxon. as late as 
his fourth over, went only just 
over the top of the off slump, 
having pitched well outside it. 

Boycott's influence was evi- 
dent in Moxon's bailing. Al- 
though he hit his third ball 
through the covers for four, a 
fine stroke. Moxon played the 
percentage game. He is a good 
driver of the full half volley, 
on either side of the wicket: he 
has endless patience, and 
when he plays forward there 
are no half measures. Though 
he is very strong, his batting 
has more of a solid look to it 
than a forceful one. 

But each time Hadlee came 
back England's batsmen were 
at full stretch. Given a fourth 
spell after lea he at once had 
Moxon leg before, and then he 
sorted Gatting out. beating 
him a time or two before 
hitting his middle slump with 
a peach of a ball that went 
down the hilL 

Scoring most of the runs 
when Hadlee was not bowling, 
Moxon and Athey had added 
72 for the second wicket — an 
encouraging partnership this 
— and Moxon and Gower had 
made : 94 for the third. 

Now. when Hadlee with- 
drew again, Gower and Willey 
put on 39 before Gower was 
brilliantly caught by Martin 
Crowe, throwing himself far to 
his left at mid-wickeL 

Gower had had his eye on 
the 100 that both he and 
England" could have done 
with. We may have been 
thinking also of the deluge that 
threatened once he was out 
There were, after all, only five 
nightwatchmen to come, of 
whom Edmonds was chosen 
lo do duty. 

Moxon on the move: the England opener stepping oat at Lord's yesterday (Photograph: Hugh Rontledge) 


Hot-shot Tucker fulfils a dream 

By Our Shooting Correspondent 

A dream came true for 
Andrew Tucker, aged 49. as he 
scored a fifteenth successive 
bull's-eye at 500 yards in the 
Prince of Wales Prize compe- 
tition at Bislcy yesterday. Thai 
superb effort made him the 
certain winner of the grand 
aggregate, the overall champi- 
onship of the Bisley meeting, 
and completed his personal 
grand slam. 

Tucker is the only man to 
have won the Queen's Prize 
(1979). the British smallbore 
rifle championship (1975), the 
grand aggregate of the national 
smallbore meeting ( 1975) and 
now the NRA grand aggregate 
- which is open to the 

He said: “I am absolutely 
thrilled. My dream was win- 
ning the grand here to com- 

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pleie the set of four. The only 
problem is -that I think one 
should have a dream that you 
cannot quite reach. What do I 
do now?" 

One of the tilings he will 
have to do next is to join the 
300 competitors shooting to- 
day for 100 places in the 
Queen's Prize final and almost 
immediately after that join 
three others in a tie-breaker 
for the Prince of Wales Prize. 
And, appropriately for a man 
whose middle name is St 
George, he will be shooting 
tomorrow morning in the final 
of the St George's Challenge 

Despite being a gunsm itb by 
trade. Tucker does not make 
his own rifles. He uses a Swing 
at short range and an Envoy at 
long range. As he explained: 
“When it comes to gun- 
smithing and pistol-smithing, 
we use outside experts." 

Results, page 29 

in hunt 

Brisbane, hosts of the 1982 
Commonwealth Games, “was 
the readiest" of the six cities 
attempting to stage the 1992 
Olympic Games, according to 
Sallyanne Atkinson, the 

She claimed Brisbane al- 
ready had facilities for 22 of 
the 27 Olympic sports, adding 
that the venues “were close to 
each other — unlike Los 
Angeles in 1984." 

In Edinburgh, the mayor of 
Brisbane said Barcelona still 
appeared to be the frontrunner 
to win the 1992 Games, with 
Brisbane and Paris close con- . 
tenders. “We’ve moved from 
the back of the jack," she said. 
“I think we’re right up there." 

Birmingham. Amsterdam 
and Belgrade are the other 
contenders and the Interna- 
tional Olympic Committee 
will choose the site on October 





Barry McGmgan, who lest his 
world featherweight title but 
month, is being tempted by the 
o pp ort un ity of another world 
championship fight — if he 
mores op a weight. 

McGuigan, resting after his 
championship defeat by Steve 
Cruz, the American, at Caesars 
Palace, Las Vegas, is being 
offered the chance to fight the 
winner of an International Box- 
ing Federation (IBF)) world title 
boot in Manchester next month. 

Barry Michael, of Australia, 
is making his fourth defence of 
his world super-featherweight 
tide on August 23, against Napb 
Daho, the British champion, and 
promoter Frank Warren, the 
promo te r, says: “The winner will 
be willing to defend the 
championship against Barry 
McGuigan, who wants to move 
np a weight, in this country." 

But so far McGnigan has 
made no official announcement 
about his plans, or whether he 
wants to move up a weight. 
Barney Eastwood. McGnigui's 
manager, said yesterday: “Barry 
has not been in touch with me, 
and so far be has made no 
announcement about moving np 
a weight. Perhaps Frank War- 
ren knows something I don't, 
Barry was told to rest following 
the last fight and we have not 
made contact" 

Daho, aged 27, came to 
Britain from Morocco as a 
teenager. He gets his chance at 
the world tide fight after win- 
cing the British title by knock- 
ing oat Pat Cowdell in the first 
round in Manchester last May.' 
He is also the No. I contender 
for the European super-feather- 
weight championship. 

In Michael be has a tough 
opponent but Daho is the 
younger man by foo- years. Born 
m Watford, Michael emigrated 
at the age of two with his parents 
and lives in Melbourne, al- 
though he is now based in 
London. He won the world tide 
two years ago, and has success- 
fully defended on three 



LeMond battles on to keep 
the advantage over Hinault 

Greg LeMond rode the race 
of his life yesterday to retain 
the yellow jersey in the Tour 
de France, but he still did not 
beat bis team-mate and rival 
Bernard Hinault in the 20111- 
stage lime trials. “I wanted to 
show the French that I am a 
worthy winner of the Tour," 
said LeMond shortly after 
finishing his trial with a time 
25 seconds inferior to 

Perhaps the American 
wanted too much to win. He 
was leading Hinault by: nine 
seconds at the first time check 
after 10 miles of the tricky 36- 
mile course, and be was still 
going away when he crashed 
13 miles from the finish. 

"I was going too fast into 
the right-band comer at the 
foot of a short hill," he 
explained. LeMond lost at 
least 30 seconds before he gat 
going again on a spare bicycle. 
“But the front, brake was 
hanging on the wheel," said 
LeMond. “and I had to stop 

From John WUcockson, St Etienne 

caused by sabotage because of 
the French nation's desire that 
Hinault should win. Even 
President Miterrand has writ- 
ten to Hinault wishing him 

again to change bikes about 
two miles later." 

After the two incidents 
LeMond was 30 seconds be- 
hind his French rival with the 

most difficult part- of the 
course to go — the climb of 
1.000 feet in three miles, 
followed by a technically diffi- 
cult descent to the finish. Yet 
despite changing to the slower 
bike, without the aero-dynam- 
ic geometry of his. timer trial 
special, LeMond was five 
seconds faster than Hinault 
over the last section. - 

The battle' between the two 
race leaders dominated the 
day's racing and the third 
place of Wednesday's winner 
Julian Gorospe, two minutes 
behind Hinault, escaped the 
attention of most observers. It 
was a fine performance by the 
young Spaniard after his long- 
distance solp break 24 hours 

There was talk last night 
that the damaged brake on 
LeMond's spare machine was 

luck in his quest to win the 
Tour for a record sixth time. 

RESULTS: Stage 2ft 36-mite time 
trial: 1, B Hinault (Fr), ihr ismin 
36sec; 2. G LeMond (USL 1:16.01; 3 
J Gorospe (Sp), 1:7.37; 4, J Bernard 
(Fir), 1:17.41: 5 M Lejarreta (Sp), 
1:1807; 6, J Vandeobfoocke 
1:18.11; 7, P Stevenbaagen 
1:1832:8, U Zimmerntarui 
1:1835; % C- Criquielton (i 
1:1839; 10. A Hampsten 
1:18.48. Other platings: t 
Roche (to); 1:1930;. 48. M 
(Ire), 12146; 67, S Yates (C 
133.10; 112, R Millar (GB). 1:25.44; 
128, P Khraiiago (Ire), 137.17, 
OvereN positions: 1. LeMond, 
9251.49; 2. Hinault, at ante 18sec; 
3. Z immer mann, at lOnan I5sec;4, 
Hampst e n, at 19mbi 33aee; . 5, 
Coiqutetton, st24mtn fftsec; 6, R 
Pensec (Fri at 2Sntln 31 sec: 7, N 
Rutthnann jSwftz); at 28m in 17sec; 
8 . A Pino (Sp), at 32frin 32sec; 9, S 
Rooks (Netii). at 33mfn32sec; 10, Y 
Madlot (Ft),, at 34mln OSsec. Other 
“■ iok 15, Mfflar, at 40min 
^VRCChe, at 15934; 51, 
at 135.08; 115, Yates, at 
2:10.49; 133, Kimmage. at 23337. 


Maka sets speed record 

Tim Coleman's 36-knot 
world sailing speed record set 
six years ago in Portland 
Harbour aboard his 60ft proa 
Crossbow 2 has been broken — 
by a sailboard. 

Pascal Maka. from France, 
has set a speed of 38.86 knots 
over a 5,000-metre course 
during speed trials this week at ' 
Suertaveniura in the Canaries, 
and Brit Denkerpeck set a 
woman's world record speed 
of 33. 1 7 knots. 

Maka's claim must now go 
before the Royal Yachting 

By Barry Pickthall 

Association's speed sailing 
committee before being rati- 
fied as a. world. record-. 

•'Thursday of International 
14 POW.week is traditionally 
for the main trophy of the 
championship, for the POW 
Cup itself; the race that de- 
cides the national champion 
(a Special Correspondent 

With -conditions giving an 
offshore breeze leaving plenty 
of room to make gains from 
windward legs it was Martin 

Coppell signs 

Steve Coppell, the manager, 
and Ian Evans, his assistant, 
have accepted three-year con- 
tracts with Crystal Palace. 

“They have been rewarded 
for laying down a good foun- 
dation for further progress," 
Ron Noades. the chairman, 
said. Palace profits last season 
reached £162.435, bnt interest 
on loans reduced that figure to 
£37.529. Mickey Droy, the 
defender, has signed a three- 
month contract 

Wembley bout 

Leslie Stewart Trinidad 
and Tobago's Commonwealth 
light-heavyweight champion, 
is to defend lus title against 
Pat Straid, of the Bahamas, 
next September at Wembley, 
fight organizers said in Port of 
Spain yesterday. 

Last February. Stewart was 
stopped by Marvin Johnson, 
of the United States, in the 
seventh round of the World 
Boxing Association's title 

Wigan ploy 

Wigan Rugby League club 
have appointed Bill Hartley, 
the former English interna- 
tional sprinter, as a member of 
their coaching staff under 
Graham Lowe. 

Curtain call 

China will be represented in 
Edinburgh — although half the 
nations scheduled to compete 
are missing — but only because 
16.800 shuttlecocks , have ar- 
rived from Peking for the 
badminton tournament. 

Y7aiil1rnav* nncf ,UUUI uaammton tournament. 

■kMhLrSSL Quick work On the mend 

of the Football Trust has been 
appointed to the Sports Coun- 
cil. “Mr Faulkner's enthusi- 
asm and dedication to sport at 
all levels." Mr Richard 
Tracey. Environment Minis- 
ter with special responsibility 
for spon. said, “and will 
benefit the Council." 

Tsuyoshi Hamada. the Jap- 
anese challenger, knocked Out 
Rene Arredondo, the Mexican 
champion, in the first round 
to capture the World Boxing 
Council junior-welterweight 
title in Tokyo yesterday - the 
new champion's 15th consec- 
utive knockout. 

Kelly Boustead. the Austra- 
lian winger, aged 26, has 
signed for Hull KR for next 
season with the option- of a 
second year. Although 
Boustead has missed a season 
with a broken leg, he expects 
to resume playing in the next 

Warren and Adam Goodchild 
who led from Robbie Storrar 
and .Ian Trotter at the first 
windward mark. Martin War- 
ren. new into 14 this year, 
sadly lost the lead to Will 
Henderson and Bruce. Grant 
by the end of the second beat, 
who then stretched their lead 
to win at the finish by almost 
seven minutes. 

RESULTS: POW Cup: 1. W Hender- 
son and B Grant (Itchenor Sailing 
Club): 2. J Turner and R Parslow 
(Sidmouth Sailing Chit* 3, N and D 
McDonald {Warsash Sailing Club). 


Britain consoles itself 
on damp windy court 

From Richard Evans, Prague 
West Germany, whose Fed- Miss Croft needs to rediscov- 

ers tion Cup team was already 
in disarray due to the total loss 
of form of Claudia Kohde- 
Kilsch. suffered a final severe 
blow yesterday when Steffi 
Graf broke her toe in a freak 

Miss Graf who. missed 
Wimbledon wtjh a viral infec- 
tion. was walking by some 
cables oil the outside terrace 
area at the Stvanice stadium 
when a gust of wind uprooted 
an umbrella and. in what 
would normally be described 
as an act of God in . countries 
outside fife Eastern bloc, the 
steel shaft landed on Miss 
Grafs toe and broke it. West 
Germany are due to meet 
Bulgaria in' a quarter-final 
match today. 

While Czechoslovakia and 
.Argentina worked harder than 
expected to win their quarter- 
final ties against Australia and 
Austria, the British team had 
to console itself with a win in 
the consolation competition. 

With Jo Durie recovering 
from a heart irregularity - 
initial alarmist stories from 
the Czech news agency, were 
quite without foundation - 
Miss Croft was pressed into 

Winning is a habit which 

er. There was an awful mo- 
ment during the second set 

against Petra Thoren, aged 16 . 

who is only ranked No 6 in 
Finland. Every time Miss 
Croft broke serve, she 
dropped her own and, such 
was her frustration, that the 
set eventually went as Well 

However, the big British fbre^ 
hand became a decisive weap- 
on enabling Amabel to win 6- 
4, 3-6. 6-4. 

Of more pertinence were the 
victories Helena Sukova and 
Hana Mandlikova secured for 
the home team. Anne Minter 
led Miss Sukova 4-2 in the 
final set, having broken, serve 
wrtii some clever service' re- 
turns that made the Czech 
grope for her volley.. But the 
Australian could not control 
her returns and the Czech 
went ahead I -0 with a fr4. 3-6. 
6-4 victory. 

"That took some- of the 
PJ^sure off Miss Mandlikova 
who had to come from behind 
when Czechoslovakia won the 
Cup in Japan last year. 

. Nevertheless, veteran Wen- 
dy Turnbull won the second 
set before Hana’s streamlined 
game settled matters 6-1. 3 - 6 . 
6 - 1 , • 

Need to 



Goodwill at the Friendly 
Games has been further re- 
duced between black and white 
with the information that Ni- 
geria, initiators of the boycott, 
might have been forced to 
withdraw their team through 
lack of funds, and were glad to 
take a long jump on to the 
convenient political platform. 
Gaines officials had heard 
suggestions, on account of 
Nigeria's esdatmg foreign 
debt, their participation 
was in question as long ago as 

Itis small consolation to the 
distraught Scottish organizers 
that the boycotts may have in 
fact saved them np to £1 
milli on. The hosts have to pay 
a proportion of travel ex- 
penses, from a quarter of the 
airfare for teams of fewer then 
10 competitors down to 15 per 
emit for teams of 50 down- 
wards and five per cent for 
large teams. 

The cost per head in the 
villa ge is £40 a day, higher 
than at any previous Olympic 
or Commonwealth Games, 
with up to 18 days free of 
charge to each competitor. Mr 
Maxwell will no doubt be 
relieved at tins easing of 
pressure, which avoids the 
need for his fanciful plan of 
sending the bill to the boycott- 
ing countries. 

Black Africa, and their po- 
litical sympathisers within the 
Commonwealth, have in fact 
scored a spectacular own goal 
with the boycott, but it is 
doubtful if the federation will 
have the courage to blow tbe 
whistle and award it In the 
opinion of many nations who 

Australia discuss 
ineligibility issue 

are still here to compete over 
the next 10 days, the boycott- 
ing countries have constitu- 
tionally disqualified 
themselves from membership 
under Article 7: “No discrimi- 
nation against any country . . . 
on the grounds of race, colour, 
religion or politics". Yet at 
Sunday's general assembly 
those countries who have 
sought to wreck the Games 
will, if all are represented, 
have a voting majority. What 

Australia, among others, are 
considering potting a motion 
that the boycotting nations are 
eligible to attend tbe assem- 
bly. it would, of course, be 
; <oli(kally inept for England to 
do so. and their cottudl refused 
to take the federation to court 
over its judgement on the 
B odd /Cowley issue in the 
interest of maintaining sport- 
ing relations with African 
colleagues. Les Martin, the 
chair man of the Australian 
association, said yesterday 
that the ineligibility issue was 
being discussed. 

Shared Ran, of Kenya, tbe 
honorary legal adviser to the 
federation, has ignored the 
boycott to attend the Games. 
The most honorable action has 
been the resignation of the 
Indian Minister of Sport. 
Many loyal nations, though 
wholly against apartheid, be- 
lieve officials from boycotting 
countries should not still be 
able to attend when their 
athletes are withdrawn, and 
should be penalised. 

Mr Rao said yesterday that 
it would be “most difficult" if 
it were proposed that boycott- 
ing officials were ineligible. 
His advice to Peter Heady, the 
federation chairman, is likely 

Nonsense of 
bids for 1994 

to be that the boycott wa 
against the Games, not tb 
federation. Yet since the feder 
ation exists exclusively h 
promote tbe Games, it come: 
to the same thing . 

Sam Ramsamy, tbe London 
based chairman of the anti 
apartheid South African Non 
Racial Olympic Committee, L 
fikely to gain admission h 
Sunday's meeting as a quasi 
representative of a boycottuq 
nation. Yet as a non-electei 
person he is no more entitle* 
to be there than any othei 

South African. 

The nonsensical, so-callet 
Prag ma tism of internatioua 
sport may yet mean thai 
Kenya could still successful!] 
bid, in competition with Cana 
da and Wales, for tbe Garnet 
of 1994. 

Much will depend on Sun* 
day on Heady's strength in dH 
ebair. it is imperadve to res is 
political manoeuvring, as So 
Arthur Gold did as president 
of die European Athletic As- 
sro^fion when refusing to boa 
to Spanish and Eastern Euro- 
pean objection to Gibraltar's 
5*8 dt this year's indooi 
«amj>K>ns!iips -in Madrid. 
Heady's neck is on the Mod 
together with the Games'. As 
Doon says, if as an official 
you raise your head above th« 
trenches, yon may get shot. II 
is equally true, however, that il 
you lick, boots, you will proba- 
bly get lucked in the teeth. 

Previews, page 38 




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The steaks are bigger in America’s Lone Star 
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price of oil slumps, the state that floats on 
the stuff gets its financial fingers char-broiled 
worse than most. In Houston, Paul Vallely 
found bankrupt bankers and laid-off oilmen 
wondering what hit them as even the richest 

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"For a while there were, perhaps, too 
many good causes", said Caroline 
Farb. the Southern society hostess, 
with little furrows of concentration 
wrinkling her porcelain features. 
“What kind of tea would you like?" 
she asked in precisely tempered 
tones. . .. 

She was sitting, rather formally, on 
the edge of a firm sola in the library 
of her opulent mansion home on 
River Oaks Boulevard in what was 
once the oil world's boom town — 
Houston. Texas. The walls were 
lined with art books and substantial 
tomes on impressive subjects, stiff 
and pristine in their rich leather 
bindings of red and blue. Opposite 
the sofa was a gigantic television^ - 

The tray that her black man- 
servant had placed before her was set 
with bone china, a polished, silver 
teapot and a delicate glass ramekin 
of jam for the muffins. Piled with 
exact gentility in the centre of the 
Royal Doulton was a clutter of 
teabags with their labels still at- 
tached. She peered at them myopi- 
cally. "This one might be too spicy 
for a genlcman: 1 think you might 
prefer Afternoon Eari Grey instead" . 
she decided, and then popped the 
wrong teabag into the cup. 

Yet despite these outward trap- 
pings of elegatu'prospcrity. Mrs Farb 
had to agree that things, even in her 
ratified world, are no longer quite 
what they were. The continuing 
slump in the price of oil. which has 
badly affected the economy ofTexas. 
has even worked its way through to 
the upper echelons of Houston 
society. . 

The wives of the oil-rich and their 
associates have had to economize oh 
the number of good causes they can 
deal with at once. “There were so • 
many good causes that the market 
was being overtaxed". Mrs Farb 
explained. “We've had to cut back 
on them a little. Do have a scone", 
she said, offering the muffins, 
know y’all love scones for tea in 

Oil which once fetched S34 a 
bared has dropped as low as S 1 0 and. 
after the Opcc decision to restrict 
production, has levelled out at the 
moment at just under $15. At less 
ratified levels than Mrs Farb’s. the 
problems arc rather more serious. 

International drilling suppliers re- 
port that the number of oil rigs in 
active use has fallen over the last five 
years from 4.000 to a mere IJ!50. 
Throughout Texas and in Oklahoma 


6 For a while, 
perhaps, there 
were too many 
good causes. 
We’ve had to 
cut back on 
them a little 9 

Caroline Farb 

and Louisiana, the other big oil 
states, hundreds of 'thousands of 
workers have been laid off in the oil 
industry and related activities. 

The knock-on effect has been 
much greater than anyone envis- 
aged. The blue-collar redundancies 
which followed the price slumps in 
1 983 and 1 984 are being followed by 
large numbers of white-collar lay- 
offs in the oil industry. 

In Houston the Friday afternoon 
surprise has become commonplace 
for middle and even senior manage- 
ment: they are told to phone their 
wives to arrange to be picked up 
from work, because they have lost 
their job and their company car with 

The ripples have spread wide 
outside the oil industry- Restaurants 
have closed, so have shops and even 
bars. Banks which made vast loans 
to -the oil industry' have issued 
redundancy notices: so have accoun- 
tancy and law firms. In Texas, three 
banks have reported quarter! v losses 
runni ng into hundreds of millions of 
dollars this year. Four banks jn 
Wyoming which had lent heavily in 
the oil sector have actually gone 

Property values - for land iiself. 
for the new high-rise developments 
built to house the expanding oil 
corporations, for the very houses 
which new employees no longer 
demand and redundant employees 
can sell only at a loss — have 
plummeted (as. consequently, have 
rateable values and the local govern- 
ment income from ihcmk 

Thousands of teachers and olher 
local authority staff in ihc public 
sector have been sacked and many 

welfare provisions for the poor have 
been axed. Grants have been re- 
duced for everything from orphan- 
ages to universities. 

City employees in Houston have 
agreed to a 3 per cent wage cut. and 
in Texas this month the state 
unemployment insurance funds ran 
out of cash when the jobless figure 
rose to 10.5 per cent. Since then it 
has risen to an unprecedented 12.6 
per cent in Houston. 

"Don't get things out of 
proportion". Mrs Farb cautioned 
with a dazzling smile. "I was state 
chairman for the President's dinner 
for Mr Reagan and even in these 
limes 1 still delivered my quota. I 
raised S7 million in one evening. But 
fund-raising is like everything else: 
you have to judge the moment. And 
at the moment I've scaled down. It's 
just common sense. You use good 

U is now good taste, it seems, to 
make economies at all levels in 
Texas. At the glitzy Sakowitz depart- 
ment store.' they still sell European 
designer originals, but the customers 
buy them one at a time rather than 
ordering one in blue, one in pink and 
one in lemon. 

The Remington. Houston's 
poshest hotel, was planned during 
the boom but has been just hanging 
on since itsSSl million opening in 
1983 at the beginning of the oil 
recession. Brides now limit them- 
selves to a single Rolls-Royce rather 
than an entourage of six and have 
wedding cakes with three rather than 
the usual five tiers. Mrs Caroline 
Hunt SchoellkopC America's second 
richest woman at the last count 
recently sold ihc Remington for what 
is reported to have been a substantial 

And if their wives and daughters 
can do iL so can the oil millionaires 
themselves. Houston oil man John 
Mocom. for example, sold one of his 
toys recently - the Saints football 
team from New- Orleans. 

"People are entertaining more at 
home these days". Mrs Farb ex- 
plained. concluding enigmatically: 
“You can’t succeed by ignoring 

The telephone rang. It was the 
local cable company responding to 
the service call which her secretary 
had made earlier in the day. The 
head of the firm was returning the 
call in person. “It won't work". Mrs 
Farb explained, the furrows return- 
ing to her brow as she looked across 

6 It’s not fair to 
say that Texans 
squandered the 
asset of oil. We 
were not in 
control of 
market forces 9 

Bobbv Sakowitz 

at the huge television screen, "and 
it's making none of the others work." 

She paused while the implications 
sank in at the other end. A voice 
squeaked apologetically in explana- 
tion. "But I don’t want all the 
televisions in the house on cable, 
only four of them", she said. "For 
goodness sake. I’m not extravagant" 
She sighed the sigh of the sorely 

The serious effects of the wild 
fluctuation in oil prices is nowhere 
dearer than in the budget of the Stale 
of Texas. The state loses $40 million 
in taxes with every $1 drop in oil 

The current two-year budget, 
which runs until 1987. was based on 
the optimistic assumption that oil 
would stabilize at $ 15 a barrel. On 
that basis it expected to lose $370 
million in oil taxes. $388 million in 
sales taxes. $150 million in corporate 
franchise taxes and $100 million in 
interest income. The projected defi- 
cit. in a state whose budget has 
always been in profit, was $1,300 
million. Subsequent fluctuations 
have carried the projected debt up to 
S? billion (about £2 billion). 

At the other end of the scale, the 
National .Association of Royalty 
Owners, which represents 39.000 
investors (who have an average age 
of 71). estimated in April that 
incomes were down as much as 80 
per cent putting many smaller 
investors on the breadline. One 
Houston banker lold me of clients 
whose income had dropped a further 
60 per cent in the intervening period. 

Crime rales have risen as a result. 
Burglary alone is up 28 per cent in 
Houston. Even the middle classes 

are turning to illicit means of relief 
The bankruptcies, business failures 
and mortgage foreclosures are bring- 
ing an alarming rise incases of arson.. 

Redundant workers, suddenly de- 
prived of an income, find themselves 
owning homes which, because of 
Houston's 30 per cent drop in 
property values, are now worth less 
than the outstanding mortgage debt 
They face ruinous losses if they sell. 
To many, collecting the insurance 
seems the only alternative. 

Suicide rates have risen substan- 
tially in all three oil states. In 
Houston the suicide of James Levor. 
a Bechtel Inc. president whose 
personal investments had tumbled 
apace with the price of West Texas 
crude, prompted newspaper stories 
that whipped citizens like Mrs Farb 
into a fury of righteous indignation. 
“These newspapers come from the 
cast and blow everything out of 
proportion", she pronounced with 
genteel exasperation. 

Down south the worthy burghers 
feel they can detect a note of gloating 
in the reports of the New York and 
Washington press. They recall, 
somewhat defensively, that when a 
national speed limit of 50mph was 
imposed during the time of the world 
oil crisis but fuel was plentiful in 
Texas, the favourite bumper sticker 
in the region exhorted motorists to 
"drive at 90mph and freeze a 

Not all of the fancier restaurants 
have been forced out of business. 
You can buy a fine four-course lunch 
for the current price of a barrel of oil 
at Steve Zimmerman's la Colombo 

An oil drum stands in the foyer of 
this elegant 1920s mansion which 
seems one of the few really old 
buildings in high-rise Houston. It is a 
battered old drum, as befits a symbol 
of the wraith upon which this one- 
time boom town was built, and on 
top of it is a computer linked to 
Reuters financial service. It dis- 
plays the day's fluctuation in the 
local spot market. 

When West Texas crude was at its 
best, at more than $30 a barrel. Mr 
Zimmerman made a healthy profit. 
Last week it was down to $ 1 4.60. and 
Mr Zimmerman found himself run- 
ning a cheap lunch as a loss-leader. 
“1 don't grumble", said the amiable 
restaurateur, who moved to Houston 
from New Orleans in better limes. 
“That was the idea. I only in- 
Continued on page 16 

* . : 





‘They thought it was a baby hurricane. They got it wrong ’ 

Continued Grom page IS 

iroduccd it when the price of oil 
slumped and iwo-lhinds of my 
lunchtime trade simply fell away. 

**Every lime oil went down, so 
did my trade. As oilmen began to 
lav workers off they could not be 
seen to be spending SI 00 on a 
lunch here. I started the oil-barrel 
lunch partly to entice them back 
and partly as a gesture that I 
wanted to share their bad times 
wiih them. It's worked. I tick over 
at lunchtime and the people come 
back in the evening and at 
weekends and spend a bit more.” 

Other Texas businessmen have 
not found such novel solutions to 
the collapse of the oil market and 
the local economy which 
blossomed so rapidly in the hot- 
house years. Many are still unable 
to believe what has hit them. 
“They thought it was just a baby 
hurricane and there was no need ■ 
to tape up the windows”, said 
Zimmerman. “They got it wrong.” 

Few got it more wrong than 
store owner Bobby Sakowitz. the 
fallen angel who was the toast of 
the Houston oil world in Lhe 
booming 1970s. He has now been 
forced into filing for protection 
from unsecured creditors under 
chapter II of the federal bank- 
ruptcy laws. 

There was disbelief in his 
manner lost week as he sat in his 
windowlcss office in the Sakowitz 
Wcsihcimcr department store. Be- 
hind him was a glittering cluster of 
photographs of himself with the 
rich and famous. Before him was a 
table which was a chaos of papers, 
files and computer printouts. 

“It is not fair to say that Texans 

6 We didn’t 
count on the 
momentum of 
the downturn 9 

squandered the asset of oil by not 
diversifying” he said. “Texans 
were not in control of market 
forces; we were the victims of 
them. The banks, too. became 
caught up in it. They didn't think 
they were making risky loans. 
When the price of oil is $40 a 
barrel and you value reserves at 
$25. that's a healthy business 
judgement. They thought they 
were being fairly conservative.” 

With Bobby Sakowitz. as with 
so many of the Houston business 
community, there was an odd 
feeling of Yankee conspiracy in 
the air and a clear note of 
resentment He feels that the New 
'York-led banking consortium 
which called in his $28 million 
loan lost its nerve about the 
leeway which its investment re- 
quired. They were eager to lend in 
the good times and it behove them 
to sec their debtors through in the 

“We didn’t count on the mo- 
mentum nature of the downturn 
or the pressure which the financial 
community would bring to bear. 
What we sec now is an over- 
reaction. If oil. gas and real estate 
were overvalued in the 1 970s. they 
are certainly being undervalued 
now. It has been a whipsaw 

The Sakowitz saga is the story of 
Houston made flesh. In the mid- 
1880s a Russian Jew named Louis 
Sakowitz arrived in the nearby 
port of Galveston and opened a 

shop on the dockside selling shirts 
to seamen. His sons had greater 
ambitions. They took the business 
upmarket and later into lhe ad- 
jacent developing town of 

It was a shrewd move, and by 
1929 they built a massive store 
whose opening was so grand that 
almost a sixth of Houston's 
population attended. Sakowitz 
stores weathered the Eisenhower 
recession because of the brothers* 
sound financing. Over the years 
the firm increased in strength* 

It correctly anticipated the 
American retail trend towards 
suburban shopping. With the ar- 
rival in the 1 960s of young Bobby 
Sakowitz, the first Harvard-edu- 
cated member of the dynasty, and 
his pioneering introduction of the 
first read y-io- wear French cou- 
ture. it seemed once more to be 
plugged into the future. 

Bobby Sakowitz was more than 
a retailer. He was a man who 
acquired good taste in aesthetic 
matters without ever losing his 
sense of vulgarity in commercial 
ones, a flamboyant character with 
considerable charisma and an 
enormous flair for publicity. In 
keeping with the mood of the 
1960s. he elevated mere shopping 
to something akin to a mystical 

“When you arc innovative with 
a great deal of taste, you provide 
an experience for people that’s 
part of the higher human 
experience”, he told a reporter at 
the time. “It‘s like an art form: it 
gives the human psyche a sense of 
happiness, well-being, an escape 
from the humdrum of human 

For ail its television image, 
Dallas is more a centre of com-, 
mcrcc and finance than oil; its 
denizens spend inconspicuously. 
Houston is the real “Dallas” a 
place where nouveau riche is not a 
term of condescension, where “if 
the new guy's good and smart, he 
jumps to the head of the line”. 
And when he gets there he spends 
like — well, like an oilman. 

During the boom years, the 
ncwly-rich built themselves 
swanky River Oaks residences iu 
the style of Southern mansions, 
French chateaux. Arab kasbahs 
and English castles. Bobby 
Sakowitz — who. for all his wcll- 
cut suits and intellectual Harvard 
friends, wore cowboy boots and a 
stetson to the Paris collections — 
was the retailer for them. He had 
both lhe patina of good taste 
which they desired and the nec- 
essary braggadocio to sell il to 

He was the darling of the media. 
He married a wealthy New Yorker 
ami had 10.000 yellow roses flown 
in from Texas for the occasion. 
His socialite sister Lynn was a 
friend of Princess Grace, giving 
him access to the jet set 
He was the enterprising young 
thinker at economics seminars in 
Washington. He was the inter- 
national businessman who in a 
single day went from Paris, where 
he was arranging for President 
Giscard d’Estaing's presence at a 
Sakowitz fashion festival, to New 
York for business, and then to 
Houston, where he arrived 
dramatically by helicopter in time 
to play host to a group of British 

He founded a new Sakowitz 
tradition of “ultimate gifts", 
which included a solid gold 
American Express card (six troy 
ounces for $3,000): a 5 ft mink 
teddy bear. ($10,000): a $250,000 
replica of the Trevi fountain; and 
services like a $94,125 dinner 
party, conversation lessons with 
Truman Capote or weekly letters 


to your loved one, penned in your 
name by a leading romantic 
novelist. The oil-fuelled economy 
was in overdrive. He launched a 
new fragrance for men called 

Then came the slump. The 
bottom fell out of not only the 
local economy but that of 
neighbouring Mexico. The dev- 
astating devaluation of the peso 
removed 20 percent ofSakowitz's 
business virtually overnight The 
company might have weathered 
the storm, as it had in the past had 
not Bobby committed himself to a 
massive campaign of expansion in 
other major cities in the oil-rich 
region. Indeed, not only did he 
maintain the new commitments, 
but he ignored the writing on the 
wall and continually took on 
more. The crash, when it came, 
took Houston's breath away. 

Today there is no note of 
apology in Bobby Sakowitz's 
voice, though the men to whom he 
owes millions might like to detect . 
one. Instead he has become the 
exemplar in a new aggressive 
chapter II macho which is the 
new fashion among Houston 
businessmen who cannot pay their 
debts. He blames the banks, he 
blames the markets, he blames the 
politics ns. he blames everybody 
but Bobby Sakowitz. 

Under the euphemism “return 
«o our roots”, he has closed most 
of his 17 shops, labelling them 
“sunset stores” and dubbing the 
remaining four “sunrise stores”. 

6 1 started the 
oil-barrel lunch 
to entice back 
trade and 
partly as a 
gesture that I 
wanted to share 
the bad times 9 

Steve Zimmennan(2nd right) 

“There were too many com- 
panies and loo many brands 
before”, he told me. as though the 
whole affair were part of some 

He and his new bride have just 
bought a big new mansion on 
River Oaks, which one waspish- 
local society writer said was 
tantamount to taking out an ad 
reading “Not responsible for- my 
company's debts”. And he has 
raised local eyebrows by filing 
documents of “reasonable and 
necessary business expense” with 
the bankruptcy court which in- 
clude $25,000 for domestic help, 
landscape maintenance and his 
wife's travel. 

There is a similar tone of 

belligerence in the attitudes of 
many of the city fathers who have 
launched the “Houston Proud” 
campaign to attract new industries 
to the city. Thinking positive is the 
attitude. It produces some bizarre 

Around 30 per cent of the city's 
office blocks arc empty: The locals 
call them “sunshine shacks” be- 
cause there is nothing in the glass- 
sided skyscrapers to stop the 
daylight from passing straight 
through. “Houston Proud" calls 
this “capacity for the future” The 
unemployment rate is at a record 
high: "Houston Proud” says this is 
because the area is so attractive 
that people do not. want to leave 
even to look for work. 

Hie large numbers of redun- 
dancies have noticeably reduced 
the amount of traffic on the city's 
roads; “Houston Proud” boasts of 
having solved the traffic and mass 
transit problems. Regional eco- 
nomic depression, in “Proud" 
vocabulary, equals inflation below 
the national average. 

But the reality of Houston today 
is that the only real growtlrin the 
city lies with those trades which 
subsist off the vulnerable primary 
economy. Nurses have been taken 
on in increasing numbers by 
insurance companies, which feel 
the need to question more closely 
the flood of sickness benefit 
claims: the nurses vet the claims to 
sec which ones require a more 
detailed scrutiny- by medical 

Industrial training officers are 
finding a burgeoning new industry 
in “out-placcmcnt counselling”, 
which is jargon for advising 
redundant employees how best to 
find a new job. Yet even these 
scions of the new economic reality 
have not found themselves 

Last month A! Woodbury, an 
accountant who was on the board 
of directors of one such establish- 
ment. the Vocational Guidance 
Service, found- himself a client of 
his own organization after being 
dismissed from his main job with 
a firm of Houston property 

The future docs not look bright 
for Houston. Wall Street analysts 
arc predicting that oil prices will 
remain low for another three to 
four years. The city's belated 
attempts to diversify received a 
major blow last month when 
NASA, the American space agency a 
which is undergoing a total review 1 
in Lhe wake of the Challenger 
disaster, announced that it was 
moving many of the decision- 
making jobs away from the John- 
son Space Centre at Houston to 
Washington, and many of the 
production jobs to the Marshall 
Space Centre in Huntsville, 

“Sorry, but we’re not in the 
business of providing jobs for 
depressed areas: we're in the 
business of running the most 
efficient space industry we can”, a 
NASA spokesman said. 

For the rest, the optimistic 
voices of the Houston Etonomic 
Development Council planners 
are balanced by the Job's comfort- 
ers who say that the present 
depression is only the result of 
$15-a-barrel oil working its way 
through the economy, and that the 
effects of a further fall could 
precipitate a banking collapse. 

Mrs Farb. who wanted me to 
talk to some serious people, gave 
me a list of names and telephone 
numbers. Bankers, city fathers, oil 
men — they all told the same story. . 
It had been rough, but it was 
getting better. Only one man 
disrupted the smooth consensus. 
Professor John Adams of the 
economics department at the 
city’s Rice University, who pre- 
dicted 10 years ago all that has 
happened to Houston. 

“What nobody will tell you, 
except a professor with (enure, is 
that the big problem .was not 
.fluctuating markets, but bad 
management. The writing was on 
the wall, but they failed to read it. 
Why? For two reasons: greed and 
Ignorance. They were working in a 
climate where, whatever mistakes 
the management made, it was 
impossible to foil. 

“They thought it would go on 
like that for ever. They built up 
superpower corporations and in-: 
vested :m high technology which 
was bound to become useless as. ; 
soon as all the really big oilfields \ 
were exhausted. They created 
dinosaurs which are bound iodic, 
but because they arc so huge it will . 
be a drawn-out process.” 

The death will not only be slow 
but painful. The American Petro- 
leum Institute has just announced . 
predictions that a further 260,000 
jobs will be lost in the oil and 
service industries this year, and 
Professor Adams believes the 
future for Houston does not lie in 
hopes fora resurgence in oil prices - 
but in the growth of smaller scale 
industries m fields like computing, 
where “the authority and the 
know-how are in balance” in a 
way that they can never be in huge 
corporations. “There are already 
several good examples of those 
new industries blossoming in the 
area", he said. 

“As to a collapse in the local 

banks. I don't think il will happen 
because banking depends on con- 
fidence. and the ordinary people 
just don’t realize how precarious 
their banks arc. But I've moved 
my own bank account, just in 

Despite such forecasts, Mrs 
Farb remains optimistic She was 
once married to Harold Farb, a 
real-estate developer famous for 
the fortune he made in the years 
when property in Houston was at 
a premium. 

He was known, too,- for the 
sumptuous restaurant he opened, 
a monument to exquisite bad 
taste, and for the lavish parties at 
which the ineluctable climax was a 
performance by Harold, who fen- 
ded himself as something of a 
crooner. She received more than 
$20 million in the divorce settle- 
ment and afterwards announced 
mysteriously: “I did it for all 

That was before the bottom fell 
out of Houston oil and the real- 
estate industry that serviced it. 
"We've gone through dark rimes”, 
she said. “It has made us think 
about the feels in life. My life is 
quieter now. more serious. I have 
a lot of compassion for others. I 
am more reflective." 

This means fewer fund-raising 
dinners and charily balls for a 
sodety hostess in Houston. Mrs 
Farb has thrown herself enthusias- 
tically into- the campaign to re- 
juvenate the flagging spirits of her 
home town to fill the gap. 

Few can doubt that (he dty 
needs il. although Mrs Farb was 
none too dear exactly how this 
rejuvenation will come about 
"I'm a frothy person, and I'm still 
having a wonderful time, but fm 

{People don’t 
realize how 
precarious their 

banks are 9 

getting serious about this. 

“I hope you are taking all this 
seriously”, she said sternly, noting 
that my pen was not moving in my 
notebook. I dedded this was not 
the moment to ask whether it was 
true, as gossips said, that she had 
two walk-in closets bigger than 
most people's entire houses to 
hold her extensive wardrobe. 

"Anyway, I have written to 
Frank Lorenzo, the chairman of 
Continental Airlines, which is 
based here in Houston, and told 
him he should be serving only 
Texas wine on all his flights. Have 
you tried Texas white wine? It's 
really rather good. Wc need to 
make -it as femous as Californian 
wine. Thai would bc-good for the 

Although it . was late in the 
afternoon, outside il was still 99 
degrees in the shade. Kindly. Mrs 
Farb offered to have her chauffeur 
take me back to the hotel. She 
opened a little cupboard door and 
selected a set of keys from the 
dozens which hung there. 

“Be sure you write something 
serious", she said as the electric 
door to the garage slid noiselessly 
open. "And tell people it's getting 
better here ” The chauffeur looked 
at the keys and then walked along 
the row of cars to a maroon Rolls- 

The drive to the hotel was a 
stuffy one. The chauffeur fiddled 
with the air-conditioning switches. 
“Sorry about this. sir”, he said. 
“They told me it was fixed, but il 
still seems to be broken.” 


Between leaving 
school and starting' 
a job, try a bit of useful 

way: Midland’s ‘How to use a 
bank account 1 . Not much of a 

plot, but it tells you where 
to put your salary and how to 
lake the most of it \bu can 
pick it up— free -in 
any branch, 

Food: a Trust house’s real forte 

asked - 
unless you 
want to. 


Come and talk, 
or phone 01 -200 0200 
lor a leaflet 


A humble bun opened 
the National Trust’s 
eyes to a catering 
• opportunity. Now it 
is making millions 

Who is Britain's biggest 
manufacturer of scones? The 
answer, apparently (which any 
player of Trivial Pursuit 
should note) is not one of the 
large bakeries, but a charity 
whose chief concern is the 
guardianship of landscape, 
historic buildings and fur- 
niture. The National Trust 
scone, baked to individual 
recipes at fine houses around 
the country, usually taken 
topped with jam and clotted 
cream, is such a success that, 
in Devon alone over the 
August Bank Holiday, visitors 
to Trust properties munch 
their way through 2,000 of the 
things each day. Many come 
from the bakery at Killerton 
Park, near Exeter, a showpiece 
of National Trust catering, 
and one of several Trust 
restaurants to be recom- 
mended in restaurant guides. 
The manageress Phyl Parker’s 
menu features honey and ice 
cream produced on the 
Killerton estate; cheese, flour, 
cider and paid from local 
Devon suppliers: and there is 
wine from a vineyard which is 
literally next door. 

Behind the successful scone 
lies the even greater success of . 
lhe whole National Trust 
catering operation, which has 
grown in 10 years from noth- 
ing into a business with sales 
valued at around £3.5 million. 
Before that, food did not 
feature in National Trust 
thinking: visitors to historic 
houses and gardens had to go 
hungry until one momentous 
day when a gardener’s wife at 
Hid cote Manor in Gloucester- 
shire took pity on some weary 

souls and sold them a cup of 
tea and a bun. 

News travelled, tearooms 
began to appear wherever a 
property had a suitable out- 
building or neglected comer, 
and local ladies baked- extra 
cakes and took them round to 
the tea room for sale. It was all 
very domestic and amateur 
and perhaps that was why it 
appealed. Customers loved 
the homemade cakes and 
approved of the prices, which 
were rarely calculated with an 
eye to proper accounting - 
after alL the Trust is a charily, 
and something of a church fete 
mentality was only to be 
expected in the early days. 

Of course, there was a flaw; 
such home baking is tech- 
nically illegal. Kitchens must 

be inspected, established hy- 
giene standards adhered to. 
before food can be offered for 
sale to the public. Something 
would have to be done. 

David Mellor was ap- 
pointed catering adviser to the 
Trust in 1978. and now, with, 
the help of full-time catering 
managers in the busy Devon 
and Cornwall regions, he 
watches over some 90 outlets, 
from Cragside in Northum- 
jbcrland to Cotehete in Corn- 
wall. from tiny kiosks to 
substantial restaurants, and 
even an inn, the Spread Eagle, 
on the Stourhead estate 
(impeccably managed by a 
former AA hotel inspector 

“When I joined, it took a 
whole year just to discover 
what was going on and 


where”, says Mellon “There 
was no training, no such 
tilings as a purpose-built 
kitchen in any properly, and 
no one really understood the 
requirements of the law.” 

A regular officer 

with the Gurkhas, Mellor was 
lafera tea planter (he is hoping 
to introduce a range of Na- 
tional Trust teas) and then 
joined Trust House Forte. It 
was an unusual background 
which, combined with a belief 
in wholefoods and a willing- 
ness to search relentlessly for 
the best produce, equipped 
him well- for the job. Kitchens 
and restaurants arc now prop- 
erly designed (more are being 
planned all the time), baking is 
done on the premises, and 
everyone is trained, although 

the seasonal nature of the 
work can make this difficult. 
(Most properties arc closed 
from October to March, but a 
number offer Christmas 
lunches and some host private 
functions.) . . 

“Every year 'we fc-inVcnt 
the wheel", says David How- 
cH-Grifliih. Devon Catering 
Manager, based at Killerton. 
speaking of the frustrations of 
recruiting and training new 
people each year. “Fortu- 
nately. some senior staff can 
be employed full-time, and the 
atmosphere in the kitchens 
tends to be very good, perhaps 
because the environment is 
unusual and people like tlial.” 
Just as well; on a busy Bank 
Holiday, when LOGO people 
all want to cat in one 80-scater 
restaurant, good humour is 

Purists might be shocked to 
hear it, but today there arc 
those who visit a National 
Trust property principally for 
food. At Killerton, the baker’s 
shop in thcstabicyard supplies 
the local populace with bread 
and cakes to take away; 
Amanda Mills, who works on 
Saturdays in the orangery 
tearoom at Dyrham Park, near 
Bath, (a real enthusiast for the 
work, she docs this in addition 
to a full-time job elsewhere) 
reveals that regulars come to 
Dyrham especially to partake 
m the magnificent meringues: 
the cream teas at Knights- 
nayes. near Tiverton, are the 
folk of several counties. 
Surely, even the purists would 
have to approve such a popu- 
lar enterprise which generates 
considerable Funds for the 
work of the TrusL 

Rosemary ‘Burton 

©Times Newspapers 1986 

National Trust properties are 
already taking bookings for 
Christmas lunches. Details 
Jrnm the- National Trust. 36 



i fib i iivihS MUNJUA* AUGUST 25 1986 





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The rediscovery of an Austrian artist’s 
work entangled Miles Kington and 
others in a network of coincidences 


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i , Several years ago I was passing 
■ « a handsome museum m Bath 
; 1 called the Hoibume of Miu- 
. » istry, as I bad often done, 
; when I bad a passionate whim 
to stop and go inside, which I 
1 F . had never done before. It 
_ turned Qui to be the last hour 
of the last day of one of the 
J- most succulent exhibitions I 

* have ever been to: ^display of 
^ work by an Austrian commer- 

- cial artist called Ernst Dryden. 
; Large posters for pre-1914 

Austrian cafes, magazine work 
, from the Great War. fashion 
v designs ■ from the 1920s, 
advertisements for everything 
from Bugaui to Canadian 

* Club. Cinzano to Persil — the 
place was a treasure house of 
colour and voluptuous shape. 

v It was intoxicating. And I'd 
: never even heard of the man. 

~ A .month or so later. I got a 
letter at my flat in London — 
i no name, but my address — 
which to my amazement said. 

' among other things: “li was so 

- nice- to meet your mother and 
talk to her about the time she 
spent working for Ernst Dry- 
den in Vienna— they must 
have been great years . . My 
mother had died several years 
previously, so whose mother 
■was it? And why had Ernst 
Dryden popped out of no- 
where again? I showed the 
letter to Freddy Reynold, a 

. barrister living upstairs from 

- me. He said immediately. “Ah 

* yes — that's my mother, the 
letter must be for me. It's from 

* young Anthony Lipmann in 
r Walion-on-Thames. who can 

* tell you all about it." 

. When I got in touch with 
V young Anthony Lipmann. I 
/found that he had a much 
better story to tell than my 
v couple of coincidences. While 
he was still at university in 
1 976, his great-aunt bad died. 
' They cleared out a great chest 

* foil of stuff from her attic and 
l left it in the garden overnight 

for the gardener to deal with. 
J but the next day they had a 
: look inside out of curiosity. 
, and found a collection of 
4,000 pieces of artwork by 

* Ernst Dryden.- • 

Young Anthony had never 

* heard the name before, but 

- gradually he and his family 
pieced together the story of 

i Dryden (pronounced “Dres- 
; den") and his life’s work, 
r When Dryden died in Holly- 
. wood, in 1938 be had no 
known relatives, so the exec- 
_ mors had split up the estate; 

- the house to one person, the 
. car to another, and, finally, the 

- collection to the great-aunt. 

* who had moved to Walton- 
on-Thames, on the grounds 

. that it was less likely to be 
invaded by Hiller than 

* Vienna. 

L But why send it to her? 
Well, here we have to go back 
to the early days. Ernst was 

bom in 1 883, moved to Berlin 
in 191 1 and back to Vienna in 
1918. Here he changed from 
being a graphic artist to being 
one of the top fashion de- 
signers of the day: much of it 
for the house of Knize, one of 
the top Vienna couturiers. 

“One of Dryden's appren- 
tices, as a matter of fact", says 
Anthony Lipmann, “was Fritz 
Lang. And one of Knize's 
customers was Oscar Ko- 
koschka, who sometimes 
couldn't pay for his clothes in 
cash and gave a painting or 
drawing instead, so you have 
the strange situation of Dry- 
den designing clothes to be 
. exchanged for another artist's 
work. In the recent show of 
Kokoschka at the Tate there 
were several works still 
belonging to tbe Knize 

But how does this link np 
with his great-aunt? 

“Easy. Sbe was Mrs Knize." 

To sum up. Anthony Lip- 
fnann rescued an art trove 
from the bonfire after it had 
lain unseen in an attic for 40 
years, and now had something 
pretty rare: the collected life's 
work of a fine if forgotten 
artist But what to do with it? 
While earning a living in the 
commodity market, he' 
formed a small company to 
market Dryden's work as post- 
ers. postcards and so on. He 
organized exhibitions. He sold 
bits and pieces in sales. And 
recently be has taken the 
plunge of going full-time to 
make a living out of Dryden. 
You have to be slightly ob- 
sessed to do that 

“Welt, perhaps I am, but I 
do find his work very attrac- 
tive, the shapes and the lines. I 
like following the molifi be 
used, the tall, elegant girls who 
never seem to be smiling, and 
the older men they are gen- 
erally accompanied by. He 
liked stylish fast cars, he liked 
men in uniform, he liked the 
latest graphics. And to look at 
photographs of hint you can 
see that was bow he pictured 
himself; as an- elegant man - 
about town,” 

There certainly is a cool, 
almost remote poise. in his 
drawings of figures, which 
only partly comes from his 
habits as a fashion designer. A 
certain chameleoo-Iike quality 
as well, versatility in changing 
his style to suit the job or the 
new era which a more per- 
sonal artist probably would 
not have; 1 don’t think I could 
always guarantee to pick out a 
Dryden at an identity parade. 
But his work does have a 
freshness and elegance which I 
find exciting and if an atticfol 
came my way, I would find it 
easy to get obsessed too. 

One advantage of collecting 
a commercial artist is that 
some of the firms he drew still 

In more relaxed vein: a humorous Qlnstration for a m aga zin e 

exist and one of them, Ca- 
nadian Gub Whisky, was 
flattered enough to sponsor an 
exhibition of Dryden's works, 
which Lipmann is mounting 
at the National Theatre for six 
weeks, from August 26. Most 
exhibitions have to be drawn 
from sources all over the 
world, but Li pm an has to go 
no further than Wallon-on- 
Thames. His only disappoint- 
ment was in not getting 
permission to borrow the two 
Drydens owned by the V&A, 
on the grounds that security 

would not be good enough at 
the National Theatre. 

After the show, fife goes on 
and it remains to be seen if 
Anthony Lipmann and the 
Ernst Dryden Collection can 
get into the charts. I think they 
can. I hope they do — I'm sure 
1 didn't stray into the last day 
of that exhibition at Bath 
entirely by accident. 

Ernst Dryden, Designer Ber- 
lin-Vienna-HoIlywood can be 
seen at the National Theatre, 
tomorrow until October 4. 

Heap big running feat 


V I- 

If Tom McNab’s new 

’ book is correct, the 

~ the Wild West used to 

’ . . echo to the sound of 

running feet, not guns 

An antidote to the stereotyped 
? violence of the western — 
J spaghetti or otherwise - has 

1 •' emerged in a novel where 
v ' . cowboys are faster on their 

• ‘ • . fact than with their guns 

■ (though their virility is never 
- : in doubt) and where, instead 

■ of grunting on a cheroot they 

x - do their wooing by reciting 

. •• Shakespeare. 

Although such a scenario 
may appear to be a diverting 
' • -■ fabrication, it has at least as 

much grounding in fact. 

. - « according to its author, as the 
conventional western which 
~ has ridden roughshod through 

- the fiction of the last century. 

’ . •: The novel. The Fast Men. 

•• was handwritten by former 

- triple jumper and national 
. - athletics coach. Tom McNab. 

L who eschews typewriters and 

- word processors. 

- It was not until middle age 
■; that McNab turned to novel 
• writing and he had an im- 
: mediate success with 

- Flanagan's Run. a glorified 
. account of the race that took 

- place in the 1920s from the 

- west to east coast of the 
United States. It shot to the 

- top of the best sellers list in 
t . 1982, has been translated into 

13 languages and may yet be 
1 made into a film. 

. - The Fast Men is his third 

, " ^ novel and could follow the 

-. success of Flanagan’s Run 
since it is another tapestry of 
, athletics and personal tri- 

- umph. His second book was 

C: Rings of Sand, a sortie into ihc 

darker side of sports politics. 

. “I have always been in- 
n* m% * icrestcd in the history of sport. 

particularly in pedesurianism. 

Write* Tom McNab: a new line in sporting westerns 


as running was called in the 
1 9th century", says McNab. a 
large and articulate Glaswe- 
gian who, at 53. still plays 
rugby - characteristically in 
the thick of the action at loose 
head prop. He has always been 
impressed by the exploits of 
DccrfooL the red indian 
brought over to England to 
run against the professionals 
in the 1840s and whose record 
for a one-hour race of just 
under 12 miles stood until 
Nurmi, the Finn, beat it m the 

McNab's idea for The Fast 
Men did not take shape until 
he heard a disc jockey's thrown 
away line about cowboys run- 
ning’ up the dusty streets. His 
investigations revealed that 
there were more accounts of 
100 -yard dashes, handicapped 
quarier-miles. sack races and 
even man against horse than 
there were of sudden deaths at 
high noon. 

McNab also discovered just 
how much corruption went 
with many of these events. 
“There were a whole bunch of 
Axes going on”, he says, “guys 
running races to order or 
running their hearts out with- 
out realizing that their own 

trainers had fixed tbe race. 
Others were forced by threats 
to throw races — and some 
were drugged. 

“But at the core of this mess 
of professionalism were some 
extraordinary athletes, the 
Coes, Ovetts and Crams of the 
age who were developing the 
crouch start, the straddle high 
jump and the specific 

And, side by side with sport, 
there was culture. “Ballet, 
opera and theatre all went out 
west. P. T. Bamum made an 
enormous amount of money 
from Jenny Lind, “the Swed- 
ish nightingale", and Oscar 
Wilde, too. made some profit- 
able tours. 

■The best of the arts were 
performed in a primitive 
environment and the actors 
needed to know their lines 
welL The miners had nothing 
to do during the long winter 
nights except read — and 
apparently they knew their 
Shakespeare word for word. If 
an actor got his lines wrong 
the miners would shout from 
the back to correct him." 

From scores of dime novels, 
contemporary newspaper ac- 
counts. histories of the Ameri- 

can theatre, from days in tbe 
British Museum reading room 
and his own fascination with 
the history of pedestrianism, 
McNab constructed a fable 
from fact “I felt from the 
beginning that there was a 
good yam in it", he says. 

One Moriarty, a canny 
Scots-bom entrepreneur, im- 
presario. runner and actor — 
perhaps not a long way from 
McNab’s own fantasy of the 
complete man — goes out on 
the road with his travelling 
theatre of the west, mixing 
King Lear and Macbeth with 
less elevated contemporary 

But some of the most 
thrilling performances come 
not in a saloon-bar theatre but 
out in the dusty street, with big 
money changing hands in the 
back alleys. Or in runs against 
the Sioux (before the Little Big 
Horn) where lives, not grub- 
stakes. are in the balance. 

But behind the entertain- 
ment of the book is an 
interesting view of the 
relationship between the 
performance of sport and the 
performance of art; of what 
Mcnab calls the "man-child's 
obsession with one last great 
race before settling down to 
the maturity of theatre". 

It is a dichotomy perhaps 
featured in the life of McNab 
himself: he established the 
English decathlon training 
that helped to produce Daley 
Thompson; he is training the 
English rugby squad and some 
bob-sleigh teams and he is 
taking a leading role in studies 
of children in sport. And he 
still managed to spend some 
time each day writing with his 
ballpoint, struggling with, yet 
enjoying his status as a 

Nicolas Soames 

The Fast Men by Tom McNab 
is published by Century 
Hutchinson on August 28 

© Times Newspapers 1986 






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Final Parti 




Final Part II 









The College congratulates its students on the excellent results 
achieved especially the many students who joined our courses 
with the rmrurnum A' level entry of 2 grade P’s. 

For details write to: The Registrar; Dept ET. f Holbom Law Hitors, 
200 Greyhound Road, London W14 9RY. Telex 266386. a 

Take your first step 
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At one of the world’s most 
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Have you cons i dered a career in 


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Prospectus from: Die Registrar. Modes Study Centre, 
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Tel: (0865) 245172, 249349 


One term and one year courses with emphasis on 
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All Boards and Subjects are offered, and the 
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TEL- OXFORD (0865) 56311 and 513738 

Do you have the motivation to complete 
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are available in the following subject areas: 

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We are not in UCCA dealing and we 
interview all promising candidates who 
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Interested? Then 

Telephone Buckingham (0280) 814080. 
or complete and post the coupon below; 
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Please send me a Prospectus and 
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All this is avaDable to the graduate of the 
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If you have just had your 'A 1 level results, and 
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call us straightaway to discuss your future. Ring 
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Why retake your CSCE's 

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Recent Students' Comments 
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/ 7.-9 Pdac* Gate. Koralngton. London W85LS. 

SwhSbvMC TEL: 01-581 3307 

The Newnham Sixth Form Centre 

A coeducational sixth form college in central Cambridge. The 
college prepares students for A tends ora inhume of O and A 
levels. Oxbridge Entrance cranses and 
. retake courses commencing in 
. A September and January are also 
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. . For fonber information 
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Your A levels can be your invisible asset 
— you don't have to cash them tn 
1 straightaway^ Consider, instead, keeping 
them as a standby for the future, to help 
you rejoin the education system later, 
when your motivation may be much 
higher than it is now. 

. As,. late entry to higher education 
becomes more flexible — and there's an 
excellent new scheme to, make it even 
more so — the. idea' of a break' of a few 
years.. between school and university, 
avoiding the hassleof~gettinga place" m 
the year you leave school or lined up for 
the following autumn, is for many sixth 
formers an attractive One. 

This does not apply to school leavers 
who -are quite, certain of their career 
choice and the qualifications they wilT 
need. . But. ' generally, they are in a 
minority. A lot are still at the “not sure" 
stage, and with many higher and further 
education courses so. closely related to 
specific work, taking the “wrong” course 
can be a serious mistake as well as a 
waste of time. 

Often it is better to get some practical 
work experience first, which will help 
you to discover where yourinterests and 
motivation .really lie. There is now an. 
added reason for doing this; a new 
scheme has been started in which work 
experience, or experiential learning, is 
being ‘recognised in. terms of qualifica- 
tions, so- that- a work achievement can 
count towards a degree or diploma. This 
will also reduce the length of time spent 
at college. . . \ „ 

For same while, the Council for 
National Academic Awards, which vali- 
dates non-university degrees; and the 

First discover where your 
interests and motivation lie 

Pe&cy Studies . Insutitute, - have been 
developing a ; scheme for evaluating 
.experiential learning! Last spring the' 
CNAA's new . Credit Accumulation 
Transfer Scheme (CATS) - became 
operational ■ 

Dr! Derek PoHand, who heads the unit, 
explains “This is not for rolling stones. It , 
is for people who have worked them- 
selves through a career for five years or 
so, not simply gaining skills bur learning 
and coming to grips with the concept 
behind what they are doing. They may 
have been -involved with education in a 
different way. such as staff development 
courses. Managerial experience is an 

Others, suggests Dr. Pollard, _cpuld 
include technician engineers who want 
to move into management, and therefore 
need a professional qualification, civil 
servants aiming to reach the higher 
echelons, unqualified librarians who 
need a qualification in order to enhance 
their career, and staff in social work 
organizations, who often acquire consid- 
erable experience which needs a degree 
or diploma to formalise it 

There is nothing newabbul people like 
this embarking on degree studies — the 

A break between school 
and university to gain 
practical experience first, 
is becoming increasingly 
popular. Sally Watts 
considers some higher 
education schemes 
which take this work 
experience into account. 

Polytechnic, of North London in- 
troduced a .part-time evening degree 
course several years ago for just such 
ambitious , men and women. What is 
new, though, - is the opportunity to 
reduce, generally by one third, the length 
of time needed to qualify. In other 
worcte, the recognition that work experi- 
ence should contribute towards a 

CATS began in answer to a demand 
forgreaier flexibility in higher education. 

Similar schemes in the United States 
have shown there is no drop in 
standards. “These students are good, 
because they have terrific motivation" 
says Dr. Pollard. 

Among the “almost embarrassing” 
response to the new scheme, is the 
discovery of a peak among people in 
their later 20s, who perceive the need to 
change the course of their career or to get 
around some blockage, by qualifying. 

But there is no reason why people 
should not apply earlier. Women with 
children, on the other hand, are often in 
their 30s, and' want to update their 
knowledge Or change direction entirely. 

Applicants first attend an interview 
and, if successful, are invited for 
assessment by a panel and then asked to 
produce a mini-thesis on what they have 
done and learned at work. Some may 
have gained Open University modules 
(the OU itself demonstrates the value of 
work experience); . others may have 
studied through Open Tech, of which 
some studies could be relevant to CATS. 
So far 33 universities have agreed to co- 
operate in the scheme; they would 
provide the teaching and the CNAA 
would validate the degrees. 

Dr. Pollard .believes that CATS could 
benefit many school leavers who decide 
to work first and. postpone formal 
qualifications until later those unwilling 
to face three years* . full tune study 
straight from school, or- who are dubious 
about starting a degree course, or have 
weak A levels which they feel are due to 
lack of motivation and who may wish to 
demonstrate their ability through work. 

Many older teenagers, with or without 
A levels, take part in business enterprise 
schemes; others, by. chance or in- 

tentionally. use direct selling as the first 
step to a management career or- to 
running their own business. The new 
scheme can be useful to these, too. 

Several entrepreneurs have already 

■ applied to CATS. One man, who has 
built up a successful enterprise in the 
computer industry, now wants to move 
into a larger concern, but realises that he 
needs a formal qualification such as the 
Diploma in Management Studies. His 
case is currently being examined to see if 
he qualifies for a shorter DMS course. 

Another option for scbooMeavers with 
A levels, who prefer the idea of working, 
is to take a part-time BTEC course (these 
are sponsored by the Business and 

- Technician Education Council). If your 
interests lie in “hard" subjects — 
business studies, science and technology, 
design or computing for example, you 
willlind the Higher National Diploma or 
Higher National. Certificate are titor- , 

oughfy work-related. J 

One A level is a minimum require- '! 
ment for both. The HNC is part-time, 1 
. involving day release, and Lasts two 
years. The HND takes, two years, full- 
time. or three years part-time or 

In many cases, successful completion 
allows you to shorten the time spent in 
working for a CNAA degree; with the 
higher certificate, you can generally join 
the second year of a degree course, as you 
can after completing the first year of a 
full-time higher diploma, or reaching the, 
equivalent point of a sandwich or part- 
time HND. 

Experiential learmnp now 
counts towards qualification 

BTEC staff enjoy the story of a girl 
whose A levels barred her from the 
degree course she had planned. So she 
did one year of an HND, walked into the 
second year of a degree course, achieved 

- a second class and is now working for a 

Fo r students of 21 and over there are 
: BTEC Continuing Education certificate 
and diploma courses and units, to which 
people who lack formal entry qualifica- 
tions may be admitted if they have 
relevant experience and proven ability. 

For the full range of exemptions, 
including those granted by professional 
associations from their own examina- 
tions, you need a copy of BTECs 
Recognition of BTEC Awards. 

■ And reiqember, that an immediate 
degree course is not the only sequel to A 
levels. As higher and further education 
become more flexible, so can you. 

W Council for National Academic 
Awards. 344-354 Gray's Inn Road, 
London WO 8BP (01 278 44U). Business 
and Technician Education Council 
(Information Unit) Central House, Up- 
per Woburn Place, London WC1HOHH 
(01 388 3288) 

Would you like to read for 
a University of Surrey 
Degree (BA, BEd, BSc), 
with Honours, in an 
historic setting and 
a friendly informal 

Then now is the time to 
apply to: 

The Registrar (Ref. ST), 

St Mary’s College, Strawberry Hill, 

Twickenham TW1 4SX. Tel: 01-892 0051 


$C MaryS 

* ■ J# 

1 -r. 

: ^ 

feuluiJ :;4r fc 

Hlff - - - t! -ft > * * - ii3f* A. 



BA Applied Social Sciences BA Geography 
BA English BEd Primary Specialist 

BA History BSC Geography 

EM Urban Policy and Race 

Edge Hill College is an associated college of the 
University of Lancaster, offering qualifications 
validated by that University. There is a wide range of 
subject options from which to choose degree 
courses and a common first year ensures that an 
informed choice is made at the end qf it. A careers 
advisory service encourages students to investigate 
to die full the opportunities available to them. 

The college enjoys a pleasant community 
atmosphere and purposed uilt teaching and 
residential accommodation, as well as excellent 
sport and leisure facilities. In rural Lancashire, 


For further information 

Mrs. A. M. Matthews, 
Admissions Officer (R9). 
Edge Hill Oteege of Higher 
.. Education. Ormsfckfc. 

ty Lancashire L394QP. 

Tel: (0699) 75171 Ext 269 


EUROPEAN EBS offers a unique 4-year programme designed 
BUSINESS to develop effective international managers. 
SCHOOL The course is practical and futura-oriented, 
combines academic work with in-company 
training in 3 countries, and provides its graduates 
with unrivalled job opportunities. 

Entry to EBS London is not derermined solely by 
the grades achieved in ’K levels. A number of 1st 
year places are still to be allocated; entrance tests 
oral Interviews take place over the next few weeks. 

EBS is now In new premises in one of London's 
most beautiful parks and Is a founder member of a 
for entry to fed®* 01 !* 00 of institutions dedicated to international 
ire 4-year education and research. 


this OCTOBER Contact: Nicholas Bowen, European Business 
School, Regent's College, Inner Circle, Regent's 
• Paik London NW1 4NS. Tel: (01) 935 5794. 



t tt> 

‘am r\n ti l L-y 

AM • fR-ti* ». 

IM ■: > «■ i . - v 


We have been teK*ing students sinoe1839, k)nger than afl but the oldest 
universities. TWs considerable tradition enables us to provide successful 
and interesting b6ijro&'^ has twbicollegea with exceEsht 

facilities, partfculafly the Hbraries with their spedal coflections. Both 
coleges are in attractive settings wfth access to the South Downs and the 
sea. Students find this a good environment for learning and recreation. 
Brighton and London era easily accessible. There are opportunities for 
students to foBow degree programmes and professional training, 
particularly tor teaching. The following degree programmes are airrentiy 

. &A. (Honours) 

3 year fuH-time 

Students may choose to follow two subjects at degree level as a Major (% 
of the timeJ/Minqr combination or Joint Honours. The subjects offered are: 








eBSoteraouraquaA-y uu i tu u gianitradeanito tod ^ 

WBmofional manages. The cousais pracfcoi and lunw-oriertBd. 
contones ocademcwock with In-compaiy training in 3 counties, md 
provides iS graduates wfth urrtvoted lob opportunlte; 

EtT#Y K) EBSLcndon is no! tMwmmeo solely by Ifie grates atfitewd n 
'A' levels. A number at is! yscr pkras ore still to be oUoccted; entrance 
tests and totonnews take puce avwltienetf few weeks. 

EBS Is now io new premises In one of London's mast tiecuWW pate. 
Oortocl NidialasBmmEuooeonBisirBSsSd^ReQoV'sCollegB. 
inrar Orcta. tegenrsAW, London NWI 4NS. Tefc(01)»657M 

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Choose horn the most 
eampfetwnwe ranfte ot 
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accepted standard tearbrrg to 


Lampeter. Residential. 

wide variety of o A A 
Levels, Inc. re-takes. 
Sipenrised study & 
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saEng, treking, etc, or 
go home. Dyslexia 
sympathetically handled. 
Ring 057 045 38 1 
for prospectus. 





Religious Studies 
Related Arts 


I* major joint and minor components 

i- • 

-. joint and minor co mp onents 

sh or the 3 

combined with a joint 
acts below 

tfif-i $ i 


these subjects may be taken as joint 
components with Retated-Arts or 
minor components with any other subject 

minor component only. 




■I A* 


. ^ i'iVMTAO 

Thus, for example, a student could achieve a B.A. (Hons) English and 
hfistory or BA. (Hons) Religious Studies with Art or other combinations 
from me above hsL 

B.A. Sports Studies. 

3 years full-time (no vacancies for 1986 entry) 

B.Ed. (Honours) 

4 years fufl-time. 

Training for Primary education or Secondary education 
(with main secondary subjects in Mathematics and Physical Education). 

Emphasis is placed bn teaching in small groups and we have individual 
tutorials which are held in a relaxed and friindy atmosphere and give you 
opportunity to explore and develop your own ideas. We operate a 
supportive Personal Tutorial system, and accommodation is avaBable to 
the majority of our students. There is a regular, free, transport system 
between .the two Cofieges. 

. Further information is available from the Admissions Office, Room 148, 
West Sussex Institute of Higher Education, The Dome, Upper Bognor 
Road, Bognor Regis, West Sussex P021 1HR (Telephone 0243 865681). 

SIMPLIFY YOUR SEARCH for a Tutorial or Vlih 
Form College which meets your needs. ONE PHONE 
CALL will obtain our objective recommendation to- 
gether with the appropriate College prospectuses. THIS 

Suite 1 Alexander House, I Milton RdL Cambridge: 

Tefc 0933 626400L . . 


IndhkhaQy planned tuition forGCE at 0 k A level 
One and two-year courses and one-term intensive 
re-take revision. 

Write to The Principal it 3 BrooMde, Ca rt rid g e 
CM UE. nrtekrtnw 8223 6463S. 


Camberwell School of Art & Crafts 

Department of 




A course which combines study of 
visual imagery with analysis of 
technology and materials. 

It provides the opportunity for 
extensive study of original works in 
the London collections. 

Further information from; R Arthur, 
Camberwell School of Arts & Crafts, 
Peckham Road, SE5 8UF. 


There are still a few places available for 
London External Honours degrees in English. 
History. Music, Philosophy and Theology - 
at this small residential College in the 
centre of Oxford. Prospectus and 
application forms from: 

The PrinapaFs Secretary, 
Manchester College, 
Mansfield Road, Oxford 0X1 3TD. 


WMchCoBwTWHdi Clear? 
Whldi Qxaiflcathwa? 

l— tOm pnrUnl Abw- 
■eil Mi Mtet mUtafelc to 
fcdp pinMts wd yoMc pcepie 
reach the RIGHT deddntal 
Has neb! stage. frMbrndaae: 


• dm ^ 90 Gloucester Place. W1 
W W 01-935 5452 (24 hrsj 


CAinaun nR RHV1H1HH 
Batata A 1 terete athanaHlgh 

nnaHtir lmtmtntf mafrrtala 

Expert tuiUcn. Personal 

tah yhffn fipi^rifl Vn glWh, 

Sociology uxi BxmniiiOB- 
Ask for free Cambridge 
Revision Service 

National Extension 
College, Dept BO, 
Freepost, Cambridge. 
C821BR. Tel (0223) 

New Generation Secreta 

Special moxrn Covrata P mp«h*. S rams ana ona yeaO tor 
School leaver*. Mncl standard apaheanu and graduoUc 

Wow w faaeft tou to rwwpe mtornanon. oof lust irpe * 
fior prospadux, Dteanr contact. 

ntmaa Caatari CoHaaa WaaiWay-tOIJ BOS KUM 

IM S aiUhaawlBW How wimUadoi>-|OT)9«B1706 

London WCt B SAX 
TaL (Oil 837 4481 

Vifest Sussex Institute 



of Higher Education Si^rbgK 

jp laf it-* 1 - 5 * 

« to w * * * 


One year. 32 weekly evening sessions from 2nd. October in 
the underlying dynamic psychology of counselling. Lectures 
and seminars for teachers, Soda! Workers. Health Visitors, 
Probation Officers, Marriage Counsellors, Ministers and aH 
helping professions. Recognised by ILEA and other authori- 
ties tor grants to full-time teachers.. Extended Course DES 
approved for pooling. 

Information from: The CHnic Director, Room A 
Lincoln Clinic and Institute for Psychotherapy, 

77 Westminster Bridge Road, London SE1 7HS. 


23 Coflingham Gardens, Kensington London SWS. Tefc 01-370 6739 
BAC accredited, QFE members 
Clear, helpful tuition in all *0' and ‘A’ level subjects 
for November. January and June, exams. 

Excellent exam results. 


EST 1934 


r Tncy . 

Mia. HJL Souttwm HA Own. 
Seflof Spadaiat Tutors ai wflti 
umvaraity degrees At Ads sub- 
jects. 'A Levels. 

AiMny Rom, SW1P 1RL 
81-222 297S lai Z22 338S 


a i hS-WM 3w ctxisa m fine an 
■Mdi s accapttd if Unwraly tereJ 
lot DOst-QnMuan 

Sbon-tsnn studies, extra rani and 

s a M-ttne 3-s*er coune m fne ul 

whdi sacdoMal Untctty IMI 
tv msFjeduIr fld w 
Stot-ton asms. «m mol Rod 
unoadHS (suns Mdtitto. 
Brv bv and amt ntemew. 

OW te« d W stvdMs resn Ut- 

■Vpi Wr - ■■ 

Art 70 Canton Stnat Lnadn 
M 70t (01-727 4711) 

MTERNATtOHAL pmae non 
HArtilioiMl L nnrtvlv oKon. 
diMim m nudrainr Mulls 
tnn 25 , mlurtv ai home and 
u.ilh lull rr edits for Me/rarner 
rnimnirF Ptosprrlus from 
Dew T Mil Cdfyofi «■ Co bud 
■pvt siHfolli COlO bCO 

from Writing. Courses in 
Article Writing, Short 
Stories, Staff Journal- 
ism. Writing for Children, 
T.V & Radio Playwriting 
and others. Fees from 
£36. Brochure from The 
London School of Jour- 
nalism. (T). 19 Hertford 
Street, Park Lane, 
London W1Y 888 . 

Tel: 01-499 8250. 

0 8 a Levels 

Retakes & time 
intensive 1 year/l term 
comes n Mnhematea 8 
Science suhleos. Group A 

Individual rumon. 
Edacam Cottage. 
Buroage Lana, 
M a n ch e s ter, Ulfl 10R 
Tel: 061 442 0858 

0 & A Level Retakes 
Recograsad Business 
ConxnerdS English 
Home Study Courses 
DetaBK O.C.RS. 

73 Kkwston Reed. Oxford, 
0X2 6RJ. TeL(0885) 53148 


Colkw SS 2* QWHMrtn- 
• PT«<r London SW7 2DS 
PHmw- whip or iptrphonp lor 
nroMxvlirt 01 £69 85SS or OI 
581 833t 


vOUXOC »^noin iouivs 
v-W J,ni A tmu PiowPCUn 
Mis Hum d Wi-UH-nn GUM. 
SW5 01 375 3U5? 

Rk moivJ I mm mi < ulir«p Ol 

ai Langham Secmbnal College, 
Park fare. Full time Ay. 4 weeks. 
Start August 2S and September 
22. Tel Ms. M. TNpps. 18 
DmaunSL. Rale tine, London 

wiy are. 

Tefc 01-429 2904 





Thr hoMr ol Bur%dn Sin DP ip 
uunrd lo irfaMfr lot dll LL M n 
Pti D rtpqirp in thp tPiurlukiu 
jam inp irnior ol Ihr Binsjrv 
hilltrl vrar lo, anU. Mtdndi 
it* 1 And ? 5 \ rai v lor PhD 
idndiddip Ho»p»« on LL M 
UiIkIhLHp'^ Iphiiip nut hr r\ 
Irnrird r«i rnmmoi uiln Ihr 
JWHOhdl <4 Ihr DPpaOlHrnl dod 
r dl till, M LAW Mid Pn DiJfMSl 

iLm brioir Ihr md O, Ihr und 

ThP IwMrr <4 a Bundn « in dha 
lir iniuirnl lodoimoiui <,ak in 
Ihr D^unmu up W d mhM 
mum (4 O Iwurs d nrrk Tlw. 
uruk Hill hr dllotdliM U tlw 
Hrdd at Drpjiirariil « tdH 
Tnr Bwsjia lorrrtp. of £2.000 
on dunum ,runrnlh undri ir 
,imi \,hM n inriudrs irr* fa 
luKHidl »«k Thr DrpJitiwul 

will roirr Uir nrl ol h-r-. ron 
nnlrd oilli Ihr podai.MUulP 
llrqiPr hrum Idhrn In Ihr hoWrl 
m Ihr Buwn 

Dulirs lo lonmrmr. SM Oilohn 

I ■Wo 

Pimprrlnr dPOlKanl*. mat nh 
kim lulhn ndornuiion In 
I S1U.M linq Pi Dl(-rOt JC v» U, 
hr Drpdflnirnl « Lnt 
I onrrvili Cuhror PO Bo, 7». 
Uuditif} l IM lo uhnmdppli 
i.ilnrPi tanr.1 khpHIhi — . illi 
Mr ikinu-. dnd iNUirros M htq 
rririm olwmld hr ^nl bt 12ih 

siiUrmhii int*> 

rViMin* du.,idrd la-4 d^rrs 

Ihr. Mhiuiui UKdlld U-r, fin- M 

Bin ilfel 

C ont Hmed on next page 

Prep & Public Schools 

P II-C-S1 

I McMisfflds/Min 

Couneot antefast 

IcITt J I ‘ . r tTT|] 


‘O’ and ‘A* LEVEL RESITS? 

Wc can help yon improve your grades at 

59 Queens Gate, London SW75JP 

You wtn ayoy our efBective small gremp tuiuon ewer a 
term or a year. Your success ts our success - and students 
tow been succe e ding with os for 3S years. Ring for an 
appointment loday or return the coupon. . 


Member of CIFE AcoetfliedbyBAC ... 

1b Dr. Mtetael Rymrt PrtndpaL Duff Milter College. SB Owens 
Gate, London SW7 SIP. Please send details of re-sit courses kk 
N ame . ■ — - ■ - 

GCE retakes - 
Which College? 

Consult us about ‘O’ and ‘A* level retakes and 
get expert advice on tutorial colleges. 

Our counselling is free and objective We will 
handle your enquiries speedily and efficiently 
- our answerphone is available for you during the 
evenings and at weekends. Our offices are just 

six minutes by s= r&jr ■ — s 

Underground { -Truma n (^Kra ghdey) 

from Marble Arch. I Founded i90i J 

76cm NUTTING HILL GATE, LONDON W11 3 U. TEL 01-727 1242 
TELEX; 268 141 (refer TK) 






Ad T fa wfitd adrmiscjPCTiH 
on be accepted hr telephone 
(except AnnotmccpicuB). The 
deadline is 5.00pm 2 days prior 
10 pubtferaon (te 5.00pm Moo- 
day for Wednesday). Should 
you wish to send an advenise- 
Mcnt a writir* pkax Mode 
SOWdajtirac phone number. 
PARTMENT. IF you have any 
qnerica or probienndaimg to 
yosr advertisement once it has 
append, phase contact osr 
Customer Services De p anment 
by telephone on 01-411 4100 


lively lou wiui good goiml 
knowMoc & taw tractions to 

com pete k our MW TV quiz. 

Send your luntr and address 
for detort* wo- Quiz Dm. Gre- 
nada TV. Mancncsln- MOO 


vital la Savina toes. Support. 
Quest tor a Teat lor Cancer. 
Woodbury. Harlow Road. 
HCLLO an S I (MM yon know 
everyone, i nave been w ani n g 
far tins day for ever All my 
tow PMkp. 

MAY The Sacred H eart or Jests 
be praised, adored and gfenfled 
throughout me worm for ever 
and ever Amen. 
ntBCMLESi Welcome borne, dar- 
ling. Three weeks can be an aoe 
when you're in love. PLATO. 

Dulwich. London. England are 
very proud la announce the 
barlh of Wrtr llrd Grandchild, a 
M I xni OWL bora la Son - Bil- 
an ana DauWder-mlaw 
Suzanne of Auckland. New Zea- 
land on Ute asrd of AIMUM 
1980 ai 07 ao hn. we wuh 
mem ail Uie ha p piness ut toe 



fMSooniore. £160* VAT and 
siasdard dUmotenb ring 
OSOd 3I939H 
US lawyer 17 BuMradc Si. 
London Wl Ol 4 86 0813. 


£1046 MB ter CNn Matey 
Catenets. Also purchase chnva. 
asm. pduxlnai. docks etc. we 
aba Offer the service of total 
prooerty clearance. Phone Mar- 
un Draw OI-44O-S006 or write 
lo 361. Harrow Road- London 
wo. aii Eiratad covered. 

warned. Tel 01 223 






Wool mu Betters from £195 per 
sq yd + VAT. 80% wool Heavy 
Domestic WHon £1185 iw n yd 
+ VAT. totoptest hies Ea75 p» 
sq yd + VAT ft (iw ottKvgmtt 

207 Hmntodr MB, 
Ha mpstead SWS 

Tel: 01-794 0139 

Free cuteates-Ctpert BBg. 


■SCAHAWAY. London's Gun ter 
profesuoral unaiiaiched people 
2 3-43. Over 200 events moiuh- 
ly 24 nr info tape. 997 7994. 
CAUSftC CITS Lid profdstoitol 
curnrulum vtue dommento. 
DeUfto. 01-631 3388. 

HCART to HEART. Todays way 
of meetin g . Confidential mtro- 
ducuoca tnrougnoul UK ter 
ConvammMp. Friendship. 
Marriage. Heart lo Heart. 32 
London Rd. Twickenham. 
Middx 01-892 2051 
COMPANY BOLT Days organaed 
lor siaff or rustomrn. Any 
locanon. Tel 0734 677722. 
niHwnsilTP. Love or Marriage. 
All ages, areas Daletlne. Dept 
■0161 23 Abingdon Road. Lon- 
don W 8 Tel: 01-938 lOil. 



Together we can beat it 

We fund over one third of 
all research imo the preven- 
tion and cure of cancer in 
(he UK 

Help us by sending a dona - 
non or make a legacy to: 


l Carhop HouveTem^r"^ ~ 
(DrptTI 25^, London SWIYSARJ 

say rr site iuuwsms 

nd cfnou tram tendiads of 
raingM and (yarn) pianos tv 
sale « Wra tram omy ttfi pm. 

Albany St, NW1 
01 S3S8682 
ArtHgry Pteco. SE1S 
01 854 4517 

TABLE 7«" by 
4*6”. Seals 8/10. Oak with red 
leather Hi lay and pm top. 
£825. TeC0737 61 37b. (Surrey) 

2 CANON COMERS for sale. One 
new. TM 0268 861 1 lO. 

mutton stocks of !7Ui and ! 8 th 
century regbea furniture by 
same of England's finest crafts- 
men. Net U ebed. near Henltei on 
Tham es (049 1 1 641115. 

FINEST quality wool rarpML AI 
trade prices and under, also 
available 100‘s extra. Large 
roam Sir remnants under naif 
normal price. Chancery Carpels 
Ol 406 0453. 

ns im ins-im other 
tuics avgiL Hand bound ready 
fdr presentanon also 

-Sundays". £ 12 . SO. Reroember 
When. 01-688 6323. 

Suruqht exp. Chess. Las Mb. 
All iheaire and sports. 

TeL 821-661^628-0496. 

A Ex / visa / Diners. 

BNTTHOAY DUE ? Give someone 
an onglnal Times Newspaper 
dated the very day they were 
bom. £12.50. 0492-31303. 

SEA I r IMICXS Any event Inc Leo 
Mis. Covettf Cdn. SUrtnpil Exp. 
Last NMM Of Die Prana. 01-828 
1678. Malor credll cards. 

cork vuieroyABom etc Weoeal 
any puce AKS 0932 784 128. 

CATS, chess, Leo Mm. All me- 
an* and span. Tel 439 1761 
AD malor credfl cds. 


■IIE1 CIS London School of 
Brtdge and Chao. 38 Kings Rd_ 
SW1 01-589 1301. 

In ii#L 


Remember Stroke 
Victims Please 

T m I 

■r^k 1 






IMstach Horae North. "ft wood. 



London WC 1 H Si E. 


University Appointments 



Applications axe invited for the above post, tenable from 
1 October 1987. for three yean in the first instance (with 
the possibility of renewal for a final period of two years), 
stipend according to age on the scale £8420 - £9,000. 
Further particulars may be obtain from: 

Mira J-M. Noon. Oriental Institute, Pusey Lane. 
Oxford 0X1 2LE 

to whom 7 copies of formal applications (one only from 
overseas candidates), naming three referees, should be 
sent not later than 31 October 1986. 




to G.C.E. ‘A’ Level 

Davies's is part of a recognised Charitable' 
Trust, co-educatronal, with approximately 300 
students. 89% of last summer's leavers are 
now following degree courses. DES superan- 
nuation - scale 2 or possibly scale 3 past 

Apply for details and application form, or send 
C.V. together with names and addresses of 
three academic referees to: 

The Principal, Davies's College, 

44 Cromwell Road, Hove, 

East Sussex BN3 3ER, 

Telephone (0273) 723911. 


Leading London Tutorial College requires young 
enthusiastic graduates to teach the above sub- 
jects and ‘O' and 'A' level on a part-time basis. 

Phone: 01 373 5432 for application form. 


Required for September, 1986 

Teacher lor established Surrey Prep School 

SS standard am 


Mum be tilde to teach lo CE and PSS standard and to be 
my n a ib lt for Dept- Magazine, libraty etc Scale g phn. Non- 

Apply in writing with C.V. and two references to Box H94. 



01-699 7198 

Pra 1920 quaflty tunatim 
wanted and an antique 


ngwinra. antmab. rtC- want- 
ed. 01 883 002 d 




Oraunp reductions On gitr 
too new A restored tnstru- 
mms- UnmaM alter um 
MTvIrr. Free catalogue. 30u 
Mlgheate Rd. NWS. 01-867 
76 71. Frer caUtogu*. 
KOBTOI grand. ExceSent 
randrttofi. I hx' woj. AIL 
£5000 ono. 01 586 4981. 




jun uxTl 

u S£SMK^2£r 

9 - 7 % & 


MTH enmrenr Umbered grana- 
ry R« l oc a l* your dig «a hcroc. 
restaurant. etc. DBS 2316 



& houses available. 
£200 - £3.000 pw. 
Personal Service. 

01-458 3680 or 
anytime (T). 

Sunny i-b 

ROOM (Ml over qoMt corner 
shop. Attractive lounge, fltted 
kHctien. shwr room. I Mite 
from O ap fi a m Junction. £90 
pw. 223 8754 Day 
Norland Square Wii for 1-2 
pronto- Mode r n and fuHy fur- 
ntohed £90 p.w. TelrOl 997 
1765 no. 


Kmmm. cm T.V. 24 hr Sw 
Bd. retox. CoOtnghani Ape. Ol 
573 6306. 


central London from £325 pw. 
Ring Town Hse Ape 5733493 


FLATMATES SrfccUve Sharing, 
wrti mw Introductory service. 
Pise tel ter appc Ol 589 5491. 
313 Bramptoo Road. SW3 
STREA3HAM MLL 2 nd person lo 
share flaL own room. £50 p.w 
+ Mb. Ol 350 2233 worlv/eves 
671 0693 
ter manire ramtwmble Lady un- 
der Eioo pw. Consider svdtaue 
s hare T et: 0280813 267. 

Wf PM ELBOW, prer person. 26*. 
n/s. lo share house. OA. CM. 
garden. £150 PCM bkl Tak 
Ol 6406587 after 6 am 
FULHAM - Ctrl to share lux flaL 
Own room. Nr lube, csopw 
exet. Tel: 736 1816 after 6 pm 
NMHaATE Attractive sunny im 
Spacious occom lor 1 prof pan 
nr lube £45 Excl. 889 6290 


HONS HOMO £488. Bangkok 
C369 Smq C457. Other FE cu- 
tes 01-584 6614. 


Flights Faldor Ol- 4 T| 0047 
ATOL 1640. Arress/Vtoa. 
SYD/MEL £618 Penh £SSS AM 
malor earners to A us & N 2. 01 • 
584 7371 ABTA 
l AFRICA From £465. 01-584 
7371 ABTA. 


IMM kali Gresfc Ha. Wndsyt. 
Bowl Bbos & Bop 


as MJ6 6.1120 SHT-OCT 
free w/nesrts, sogsrti toed, bra 
wsw Oobs. horns ?+ or 4* te- 
wy by sandy bsaebts 
Mm 6 retag ttfdayi tar aa- 
g>«L aaotoi & tansies 

01-441 0122 

24 to* 

angle retwn 
Jolbufj/H* ESM £490 

Mann* 090 

Caro £150 E230 

Lagos £240 £360 

DeTtan £250 £350 

Bwgii* E22D £350 

Outo £420 

Afro Asha Ti o tert Ltd 
1S/1H H oooo t SL Ml 
TH; 01-437 5^/8y7/8 
ids s aw ton g a afawo 


E.F.L, TEACHER Rrquirnl for IK 
O loner in bpannh Lanquaqe 
Wedrmv on I He nua is am n 
of Bynf«u Age 23 30. - 4 - 
knrhm Mrer ASA Prrtdn 
Crrl n» T £ r L orsmular e\ 
permve mm 1 Nunc Some 
kncnviedor of Spiiiivu an ad 
'intor Offered. Kruirn 
r outran. Mwul Srenrili mi 
lame mlh uork preimi pom 
is 1 ne indiraiinq leveh Ijirjfu 
eiuio-nwir. v rrfrrnim ono 
towaMi CLrtl ivtonnetral |7 
LI Muvnou iBatnai SMm 


PRIVATE TUITION au subtorts/ 
melh/aqm O/A levels CSC re 
VIM-MI f'l 43S £910 



Bui Iiihiioii phone letexandfor 
•.elding -rev mcs Ol 434 256d 

Pans £8» N YORK CSS 
AwMAirf CM IA/SF £395 
Lagos 135) Maim CCD 
Wared CCS Sngapore U20 
JotMfg £480 Ban^qk £336 
Cam £205 Katmandu £440 
□suBtxn £335 Rangoon 050 
Hong Kong ES 10 Caicura E425 


OV-CN 710O(«37 Q5T7 


r»H 1 1 •» , ''-fl 

'! • ■' V ■ 

| r. 1 

|> - . 


1 7/.l| 

■ P*. * 

1 ■ -1 

L- 1 1 H 

1 U-’- 

[> _ t 



Td; 0V439 — 



Owe. Carla. Mg. Koa Smrito 
Bnh teandL tla Algne. ttotona 

IM E228 


13.18. 17. 19X2119 



On dm me dafy 


B0Q bon Gafwoi. luBn M 



nas ore 

tire Etgg 
to on 

lanaMad) Am 


T*LaadM *1-251 5<SB 
T«t BAH 8712 331196 
ftt iRMr On HI 5B33 
ATOL 2034 
On TtOATl 



The bed - and M CM ptw* B 
■W5JBB dads stm 197BJ 


. J9l 

PERTH £374 CJfiO 

AUCKLAMI £390 £748 

8ANQKOK (308 (389 

SMQAPOfC £209 (415 



COLOMB O £237 




052 El 87 

_ E 2«2 an 

josurq m cess 

UMA £253 MS 


NEW YORK £148 £295 

GENEV A . £75 £04 



Empe/USA FUtt 0T-K7 5400 
Long Had Ms 01-633 1515 
Ig^ntaQu 01-838 3Wt 
GawnmM UcnsaiyBondH . 

eMTCUTTKR* ON ntoN-v/hots 
la L mane LSUtmMenUlu 
Horn- DiptofnM Travel 01 730 

TreteL so Red Lron ST. WCI 
Ol 405 1495 A8TA/IATA. 


Bmr Tl4vrl. Trl Ol JB5 6414. 

CHEAP FLIGHTS worldwide 
Havmarkrt Ol 030 1566. 

B UCOUH T FARES Worfdwldr: 
01 434 0734 Juprier Travel 


L T C Open Sal. 0759867095. 

tor Travel Ol 485 9237 IATA. 


1111 TYavrtvvnr AbU AML 

189 RfR-nl SL Wl 
Tel Ol 73« 5307 A8TA- 

SMUZERLAMD Scheduled mglKs 
Ol 724 2388 ASTA ATOL 

reMional value late seaunn 
offer Departures Mill available 
ob Turn 30 SepL 7.14 A 21 Oct. 
f uiiv inn Oaiwirk day mghia. 7 
rughtt H/B In 3/4 star hotels, 
airport tax 5 entrance lew. 
Abo TAORMINA from £171. 
same dales. ISLAND SUN 01- 
222 7452 A8TA/ATOL 1907. 
o/w C420 rtn C 7bO. Auckland 
o/w C420 rtn C770. Jo'burg 
o/w £306 rm £499 Lm Ange- 
les o/w £216 rtn CdOS. London 
FMH Ceoire 01-370 6332. 
OWCits e g. RIO £486. Una 
£496 rtn. Abo Snub croup 
Holiday Journeys, irg Peru 
from £3501 JLA 01-747-3108 
USA. S. Amenta, mm and Far 
East. S Africa. Trayvato. 48 
Margaret Siren, wi. Ol 580 
2928 'Visa ArevMrtD 
DISCOUNTS Isl/Eronomy Uck- 
el*. Try u& Ute. FLIGHT- 
BOOKERS 01387 9100. 

Aoma/Vna accepted. 

Sepl/Ort. avaiiammy <0923) 
771266. Tuns way Holidays. 
pean destinations v Alexander 
01-402 4262/0052 ASTA 

61004 ATOL 1960 
magx prices. FUghls & 
Hobday* Freedom Holidays 
01-741 4686. ATOL 432. 

— ■ew raw— pa a Mil y 

magic pnres. Fbghb A 
Holidays Freedom Houdays. 
01-741 4686. ATOL 432. 
Worldwide cneapm fares 
Rich mood Travel 1 Duke SI 
. RiClimond ABTA 01 940 4073. 

your summer Hobday. Call lor 
our brochure now. Tunisian 
Travel Bureau. 01-373 44 i l 
ALICANTE, Faro. Malaga etc. 
Dlmond Travel ATOL 1TB5. 
01 Set 46di. Horsham 68S4| 
ALL US CITIES. Lowest races on 
nrvaior vttntuM canters. Ol- 
584 7371. ABTA 
GO FOR IT SL American vaca- 
tions gels you there. Oi 637 


Nairobi. *"8111*. Cairo. Dubai. 

^^S igmirtlLLMi. 


16 ShaftesbtffY Avenue 
Loadoa W1V 7DG. 

*1-09 01*2/01-439 7751 
OpeuSatarday IM0-I3J0 


TAKE TME OfT to Para. Am- 
sterdam. Brussels. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne A Ofeppe Time Off. 2a. 
Chester Close. London, swix 
780. 01-296 B07a 


naaaoaNE FRAMCE Engnsn 
roupto take guesb In Uiclr brau- 
uful 2 star iMirt. Superb French 
rutane. New swunnttng pool 

Colour brochure TeL 010 33 S3 
91 61 31 


I llaW B SOUTH LOS Gfgantes- 
luxury apartmenl. sleeps 4. ma 
view, close lo all amemues. Im 
mediate availabil ity. d etaBs 
phone idayi 0686 27000 wve- 
Mngai 0597 3648. 



•name prices. FUghls * 
holiday* Freedom Holidays. 
01 741 4686. ATOL 432. 

SHCECC. UlHOOIII Mauds, cheap 
flights, villa renlate clc. Zeus 
Hob- 01 434 16«7. AIM. AUo. 

•RHODES urn apart hob from 
£189 po 27 Aug. 3.7.10 Sept 
Sirama 0705862814- 



A vUU. a poof and a benuUful 
view. What more could you 
want? Choose tram Tuscany. 
Sardinia or RaveHo - the keen- 
er parts Of Italy where me mass 
market operators don't go. Or 
rombmr a villa holiday with a 
stay to Venice. Florence or 
Rome. Free brochure from 
Magic of Maly. Deal T. 47 Shep- 
herds Bush Green, wiz aPS 
Tel: Ol 749 7449 (24 hn 



*7 Resorts In SuntzartuneL 
Austro, Prance S Italy. 
The Brggest Choice On Stesf 
Ex GahwJc Lu»a Itemteter. 
Gtasgow A Edrtxx^fi 

01 785 2200 
ltoich.DeiM.IM22 7*131 
ABTA 16723 ATOL 1232 

SKI WEST bumper brochure ote 
now packed with m toe too re- 
sorts. Sunday reams ibeai the 
Iraffici. and amazingly tow 
prtrrt storting al CS9 RmglOll 
785 9999 (or your ropy. 

AST 469256 ATOLI383. 


FARMHOUSE Southroasi Corn- 
wau. sea views, sleeps 6- CM. 
Col TV. Available from Sept 
sin 0726 74507 or 67303. 



rates The Queen* Hofei. N10. 
Telephone: Ol 883 4984. 


■•MTH. LUX. P8F. CCR Lnge 36* 
2 beds erauUe ekrro. 0 kiL hid 
pool. Hn. E/Pne. Gar 26* btoc 
oikg chine. M. CBOjOOO ono. 
102021 768069 


mW GANN Nr A561/Dcson 
boarder. 2 acres or more, au- 
pefb views. 3 beds, bath *■ 
eosutle. han. large stuusg 
nss/ expow d b e ano . 

M/toesMtek C/H. O/Oaae. 
£66.000. TH: 0984 23409. 



ZZH -A- 84. 29.500 ms. Hernia 
red. auto. rasntoMn. AH 
braking system. efeOrtr win- 
daws. wing mirrors and 
sunroof, alloy wheels, sports 
seal, stereo ra dio, from a rear 
spoiler £8.750 TN.15827 06282. 

BMW SZM. 1984 Basic Blue. 
Bnge him. low mibge. 2nd car. 
Mgn specific* lion Inc etoe Sun- 
roof. TR-N-Radw/sterea Green 
Ttob humc Con. £10.900. Tel 
01-936 4805 or 08444 7692. 

Tan SEA'86 wnn 6.000 BUS. Gi- 
ver. BBS (rant and rear spoiler. 
£19.000 cno.px.01 575 5643. 


S3 A 39060,- Air con. crufec. 
AL5 Too spec. 501000 owes. 
Full service history. suver/Hue 
vigour. Excellent IhTOUghoul 
(retiring chapman's can. 
C17.950.Tel: 0603 514902 I Of- 
fice hours! - Mrs Pickering 

200 (W 1241. 1986. BJXX3 mb. 
auto. Champagne Melator. Dec 
s'roof A windows, ce ntral lock 
tog. fronl arm resL OununaiM 

vanity mirrors. HWW. rear 

head rests. BteupusU Torronto 
4 speaker sound, system. Re- 
mote tonic alarm. Absolutely as 
pew. C16DQ0. T#£ 01 520 
8221 or 0992 32709. 


86 -C-. Front spoiler wire tog 

lamp amts, many mar 

13X00 mites. Offers 

£16500. Tet 0535 61264. 

Reg Dec 84. 16XXXJ mb. 5 dr 
S/R. Manual- Lady owner, 
bnmac. £4Asa 0990« 3417 . 




2SK ranth ol Valencia, tidy 
hsrasiied. lanjt Seed wcfien. 
large terrace and barbecue 
CMhookmg the sea. 3 ift beds, 
2 bathrooms 1 ensutit Fadtes 
iocUdi Squash courtL Terras 
courts and awrwim pool CWy 
20 mans bmn sandy bay. Pnca 
ndUdtng Car £85^00. . 

Tot B1-878 5246. 



WOparty to let talus 




Sonlb KHSfflQtOIL ClSJbllB M 
floor tbL Pamcr ante. 1 dUa. 1 

? t bads. Lge neep. F/F ttttaL 
baths fl BcsuaTsalcrw. Nr 
Part. Ideal total 

01-351 2383 


Superk^ properties 
for tong/short Co lets. 

01-458 3680 or 
0836 592824 
anytime (7). 

. . furnished Me. 3/ 
4 bedrras. 2 reccpL mod kB A 
noth. Gee- 1800 gdn. Co. tet 
only. £2Q0pw. Tef: Ol 9«6 
7266 or 879 1729 (day). 879 
1506 (even. 

HENRY A MMCS Contact us now 
on 01-239 8861 for IM bert se- 
lection of furnished flats and 
heroes to renl In Kntohtsbrtaga. 
Qiclteg and Kensington >T) 

■van * nod. for dmtomats. 
cvecudvea Long 6 short lete m 
all arena. Upfnend A Co. 48 
Albemarle St Wl. 01-499 5334. 

ga r de n maisonette. 3 

muis American School. Ran or 
fully fumbhed. 7 beauflfifl 
room <3/4 bedroomsL 2 bath- 

room. all mod com. £445 p.w. 
met oai ty Ctetodng. Long tet. no 
aeenaea. TU 01 624 1347. 

lux fUU/house: up to £80Qpw. 
Usual fees req. PMUIPS K ay & 
Lewts. South Of the Park. Chd- 
sea office- 01-352 Bill or 
North of the Park. Regent's 
Park office. 01-586 9882- 

Hiengatt. Madam famtty house 
in guwr attractive mews. Lae 
Living ante. 4 beds, master toe: 
shower mv patio gdn. garage. 
£820 pem Tel: 01-267-0246 or 


have a quality properly to let 
ten us about U. We offer a pro- 
fessional reftaMe service 
.Qurabhl CBaManDno tel Ol 
244 7363. 





A nwr Francal Straw fioo a»- 
piwng coratnisK am consned 
eseb ol im £600 nrfwo Ms safes 
m pxMWS i si tbs London mac. 
Sm Die GmenJ AonsRpants 

01 937 IBS (taw - 7-30pa) 


cnm. unoATHM a> one co*ec- 
Hon legal assbtanL Kent 
CASK. Wessex Cbm. 0936 


eluding commercial. Kent. To 
C1BK. Wesses COPS 0935 25189 



A E.\£CLTI V £& R ing: Peter 
Carr. Brbtol 10272 J 277332 


CAMMBE Au parr gin/ moto- 
w* hefp needed tor ArrbHecl's 
family wuh 3 children aged IX 
7 and 4 to Cambridge. Live 
In/ovd ReiUtrte wuh sense of 
humour Drhlng Ucence 
preferred. Nomreowr. Refer- 
enrrs required Tele phone: 

102 291 683 54. 

MIUrmNew recruiting staff 
lor winter resorts. Otaiel torts, 
immles 1 NNEB 1 and re pre s e ma 
inn iFrrnrti voeakingX Flee* 
■02821 6251 76 


seeks work in France. Short or 
long term. 038 082 415 



100’s of 


I Ask tor Colour Catalogues 

01-446 8411 124 m 7337) 
Tateoc 28732 EMCPEN G 
TOM Mgb Hoed London N20 OQF 


1 for Ken- 
vtntoon Antique Gallery 
txpmenrr nemsarj-. Please 
phone 01-466 5981. 

50FHTOT1CATEP recephontsl tor 
swi Brokers Promotional 
provperb lor someone wuh -A" 
levebor a graduate to become a 
P A WorWur experience an 
assrt. £7.500 call Caroline 
WaDtngcT Star/ Inlrodurtiora 
Per Com 48b 6961. 

inn 2 beds. 2 iYceps. 2 bauw 
(t&L FuHy fUndshed. Co Let 
£270.00 pw. Coward * Co Ol- 
834 1967. 

b e tfro omad (M to pratotouaua 
Mock. Avafl now ter tong CD 
teL £620pw. Tet Ol 881 2787 

HAMPSTEAD Family hse. 6 beds. 
2 oath. 2 recep. large kh/ckner. 
garden. Heteto SO yds. One year 
£960 p.w. Tel: 267 4881. 


TUTORIAL f«‘rer requires 
your admlntsiralive and typing 
atebiy and an apUiode to imx 
wmh pupils and parents during 
Interviews and rollege roars. 
Private education essenliaL Call 
Lynn Lall Stoff iniroducOoro 
Her Cons 466 6961. 


aswsl In organisation at to 
admin, rtlrnl lason. 100/50. 
Cl 0.000. Cad Nalalia. TED Agy 
Ol 736 9857 

_JC ter inn cdl 

Admm oa*ed . 90/ 60 £9350 -k. 
can Nasaita. ted Agy. 01 756 

SECRETARIES lor Architects A 
Dnignnv. Permanent 6 tempo- 
rary pasimns. A MSA SpecuUN 
Rec. Cons. Ol 734 0692 


KB Bfo glOK WL Sapab M 
floor Hr ■ iBHRm block 
tie* tar M Bin m ■ ranar 
inL RnaUnn roan. Dane 
non. Ufoiea. 4 beta. bKbroom. 
dose room, d o sta w m. £450 

SyStORSQUME. Fine 4th 
foa itat tsNb tambbn0i of pra- 
M Ba d b; OY rtofcpq p ' 
soiai. Recap room, ck 
floubta began. Gate bed- 
ram bH h iiui iL i fc ran 
2315 pv rag. 

Only Gross and 
Louganis hold 
back new blood 


properties from 
E 100 -ES^XW pw. 
Personal Service. 

01-458 3688 or 
anytime (I). 

cm SEA KntehtabflU9e. Befcra- 

vks. PtraMco. Wevtml nster 
Luxvay Imaa and flas avail 

able for tone or snort «» 

Plea s e ring ter v re mit iisL 

Coofes. 69 _ . 

Rd. SWI. 01-828 

Belgravia flats * hovara re- 
quired for American Co mn a ntes 

.from £ 200 -£ 2 j 000 pw. Htghcak 

Suroeas Estate Agents 

EAUMGWS. Luxury 3 bedroom 

gmd Or flal with potto. DUteng 

rm. Fee fully equipped ktteftan. 

tiled tmhmt & shwr. CH. S 

mips lube. £260 pw. ce tet pref. 

Tel: 01 840 2437 or 640 4481 

RENTALS cau Huplcn: 837 

SW7Nr rube. Attractive fully fm* 
idshed self contained 1 bedrm 
OPL £160 pw. Tet 01 244 7127 
or 0873 738731 
•379581 The niamer 10 remem 
ber when seeking bed rental 
properties tn central and prime 
London areas £iSO/£2£OOpw. 
WL RE GE NT S fk naL 2 beds. 1 
reep. kAb. Secluded. Overtook 
Ing Park. Go furn Let. £190 
p.w. Tel: 01 724 9312 
houses. Hum to North London 
area. 883 6467 

heaUpg. phone. £36 pw bid. 
Express Rentals 883 6467 

NORTH LONDON New dec flal 
gge. gdn. £90 gw tori. Express 
Rentals 883 5467 
PURLET tux 4 bed. 2 balh de- 
tached hse. Gdn. Oge. Scenic 
views. 668 8S62/0273 728949 
LWJ1 Luxury targe 3 bedroom 
flat wuh garden. OCH £160 
pw menus. TelrOl 741 3311 
FfTZROVIA. W U Studio ftol for 
uiurt prof man. £95 pw inr CH 
♦ linen TetO 1-636-4822 
THE HYDE 3 bed fonudied fam- 
ily house torts OK. £130 pw 
tort. Caprees Rentals 883 8487 
Contort Richard or Mick. Davis 
Wooffr A CO 402 7381. 

WEST KEN A selection of charm- 
ing F/F 1&2 Bed MU/MiB. 
Cl 38 17Ss«w Inc. 01675 1896. 


srcreiMtes (English/ Italian 1 

rduratcd 10 d egree level are re- 
quired by a mator Italian 
mar tunc budding company for 
I heir Sale* St Service Depart- 
ments. Salary, holidays, hour* 
ol work are according lo stan- 
dard Italian practice. The work 
n demanding and so fsfnt 
hearts should not aooly. For 
those interested send yore C.V. 
with recent photograph of pos- 
smlei lo: Mn V. Perrin, 
baivagntei Transferica SnA. 
SUrada della FPvorMa. 360*0; 
Saregb. Viceoa. Italy- Tel: 
01039 444 831222. 

Madrid (Reuter) - New men 
elbowed aside the masters of the 
past while East German women 
retold their familiar tale of 
supremacy at the fifth world 
cham pionships which ended 
this weekend. 

Alone among the men. Mi- 
chad Gross, the towering West 
German, retained an individual 
title and, to underline his 
outstanding class, he did it 
twice, while Greg Louganis. the 
American double diving Olym- 
pic gold medallist in 1984, 

maintain ed his poise against a 
rising Chinese challenge to com- 
plete a unique treble of 
high board titles and repeat his 
springboard victory of 1 982. 

East Germany's women, who 
won lOoulof I4titlesai thelast 
world championship in 1982. 
allowed only three gold medals 
to escape their dutches this time 
as they bagged 13 out of 16. 
Kristin Otto was voted out- 
standing competitor, switching 
from one stroke to another to 
amass four golds and a silver. 

No men's world records were 
broken, but six women's world 
marks were bettered, five by the 
East Germans. That brand of 
superiority, plus a surprise vic- 
tory in the men's 4 x 200m 
freestyle relay contributed to an 
pi ci German medal collection 
of 14 golds, 12 silvers and four 

The United States, dominant 
at the 1984 Los Angeles Olym- 
pics in the absence of the 
joy rotting East Europeans, 
mustered a tally of nine golds, 
10 silvers and 13 bronzes in 

Gross shrugged off the largely 
irrelevant challenges of his ri- 
vals to retain his 200m fr ee style 
and 200m butterfly crowns with 
fluent, unhurried ease. 

But die years caught up with 
Vladimir Salnikov, the other 
supreme stylist, as Rainer 
Henkel, Gross’s powerful com- 
patriot, wrenched away the 400 
and 1,500m freestyle titles the 
Soviet maestro, aged 26, had 
won in both 1978 and 1982. 
Salnikov, the double Olympic 
champion in Moscow in 1980, 
was left without a medal. He 
finished fifth in the 400 and 
fourth in the 1,500 in which 
little Stefano Banisteili. the 
Italian, aged 16. sustained a 
remarkable rate of speed to win 
the silver mcdaL 

Americans held sway in the 
freestyle sprints as Tom Jager 
raced away in the 50m, pausing 
to breathe just twice on the way. 
and Man Bkmdi. the world 
record-holder outclassed the rest 
in the 100m. Biondi — like 
Gross a towering two meters 

high - captured seven medals, 
three of them gold, but Fell he 
might have done even better. 

Igor Poliansky, of the Soviet 
Union, had no peers in the 
backstroke and won both titles, 
while two teenage Hungarians 
upstaged Alex Baumann and 
Victor Davis, the Canadi an 
world record-holders. Tamas 
Damyi, aged 19, scooped both 
individual medley crowns and 
looked a worthy winner even 
though Baumann fell ill in 
Madrid before the competition. 
Jozscf Szabo. aged 17, pipped 
Davis, the defending champion 
in the 200m breaststroke after 
the Canadian had collected the 
100m gold thanks to the dis- 
qualification of Adrian Moor- 
house, of Britain, for a faulty 

In the women's races, only 
Tamara Costadie. the Roma- 
nian, aged 16, and Betsy Mitch- 
ell and Mary Meagher, the 
Americans, succeeded in beat- 
ing the East Germans. Costache 
grabbed the 50m freestyle in a 
world record 25.28sec, while 
Mitchell won the 100m back- 
stroke and Meagher, the Olym- 
pic champion, swept through in 
the 200m butterfly to avenge a 
surprise world championship 
defeat four years ago. her only 
one over the distance since 

In the East German spree. 
Ono. the 100m backstroke gold 
medallist in 1982, broke the 100 
freestyle world record, won the 
200 individual medley and fin- 
ished second in the 100 butter- 
fly. Heike Friedrich won at 200 
and 400 meters freestyle and. 
like Otto, collected two relay 
golds, while Sylvia Gerasch and 
Silke Hoemer, the breast- 
strokers, set world records over 
100 and 200m. 

Asked what it took to beat the 
East Germans, Meagher said: 
“A lot of God-given talent, 
discipline, ability to concentrate 
really well and a good coach and 
good parents. I can't say their 
performance is super-human. If 
die Americans bad been up to 
par we could have been neck 
and neck right with them." 

The Germans them- 
selves put their success down to 
hard training and good prepara- 
tion. But their domination, 
established at the first world 
championships in Belgrade in 
1973. has been awesome 

So how do you cope with it? 
“At first you can be kind of 
scared, but then you realise 
they're just people too," said 
Debbie Babashoff, the Ameri- 
can bronze medallist behind two 
East Germans in the 800m 


LY in lix-rtv bops 1 
school L mwwi w d PA with 
w skills rrauirKt lo Itefp heed 
ntistmt wtui general admin. 
Energy. tcrraUIKy and sense of | 
humour essential. Mid be well 
educated and with good refs 
oleasr. Phone Ol 221 2448 or 
wnle 10 Mrs J Allen. 69 Bern* 
Park. London NW3. 

57; 4. M TgwfcsburyJCan), S 
tmistor (WGL 56.87; 6. F ! 
X 57.02; 1. D Vaatch (US). E 




South Harrow £8,500 pa 

Working tar 2 DMstonal Managing Director* at UK 
Group Head Office. Varied duties, experienced numer- 
ate, age 30-50. Telephone or send C.V. tK- 
Aimetta Wosksn, P ioneer Concrete Hokflnga Ltd, 
P io nee r House, St-60 Norfliot t Hoad, South Harrow, 
Mfodtaeox HA2 OEY. Tab 01-423 3066. 

Mara: 100m backstroke flnafc 1. 1 

2, 0 Richter 


. _ BaXmsch 
... . (US). 5723: 8, M 

trough (USL 57.24. 4 x 100m 
tetaT 1. United states (D Vtaatch. 
D Lundbora, P Monies. M BrontfiL 3min 
41.25S8C 2. West Germany. 3* 22& 3, 
Soviet Union. 3*2A3: 4, Canada. 3:43.38; 
5. Britain. 3:4624; 6. Swtauitond. 3*&45: 
7. Netherlands, 3:49.02; 8. Franca 15020. 
WatnrpakE Root: Yugoslavia 12. Italy 11 
tasty. IHnfrfriece mitclc Soviet Union & 
Unrted Stales & For places live to eight 
Spain 11. France *; West Germany 11. 
Cube & For placas nhm to 1 h AustraKa 
11. Brad 4; Himgwy 11. Gfteoe 10. Fdr 
places 13 lo l& israal 8. Canada & Real 
po siti o ns. I.Yugosta via: 2. kata; 3. Soviet 
Union: 4, UntaecTstaiBs; 5. Span; 6, West 
Germany: 7, Cite B, France; 9, Hungary; 
10. Auebala: 11, Greece: 12. BraaTiS. 

StarodubtS8Vfl^SSR).510S7; 9, DRaiakfl 
(ta. 482-60; ia I YamagsM (JapanL 
45345: 11. D Bedard (Can). 450.6&T1G 
Rogerson (Aus). 43071. 

Women: 200m butterfly: 1. II Meagher 
(US). 2ram 08.41 sec (wodd champanshm 
record); 2. K Grassier (BGa. 2:1066; 0 B 
WaigangJEm. aiOg: *7 ~ 

Roussaid (Qr). 2:14J 
[WGV 2:1534; & K TakahasM (Japan). 
2:1536. 4 z 100m me dl ey may: 1. East 
Germany (K Z im merman. S Gerasch. K 
Grassier. K Otto), 4mm 0432sec (world 
c hutpjoiHlljp record): 2. United States. 
4:07.fe 3, tha Netherlands. 4:10 Jft 4. 
Hate. 4:1227; 5. Soviet Umon. 4:1252: 6. 
Butaaria. 4:1354; 7, West Germany, 
4:1334 8. Ranee. 4:15.75. flOOm «re»- 
Stfr float 1 . A Strauss (EG). 82634: 2 K 
Hartmann (EG). 02044; 3. D Babashoff 
(US}. 03434; 4. J McDonald JAihJ. 
03632; 5, S HroricastiB (GO- 83637: &T 
Brace (Aus). 04050 7. J Van de Meer 
(Neth), 04730 & S Pure. 05030 



Institute of Personnel Management 

Personal Assistant to 

The Director ptayi a leading role hi fixmolatias liaunne policy 
natioiially and wieraatioitafly. and ma nagM the Insduite 
fenanciafly and admhunraiivety- The instiote hasemberted on a 
strategy fin" devetopeoat and growth, and the Director has respotv 
a biln) for progressing many action plans and fmnre acovnics. 

We need a Personal Assistant to bdp catry throutb this extensive 
woridoad and to provide seuc aria ) badc-op n chief execmive 
ItveL mduding supervising the work of the Director's secre my . 

This isa teoiNnuy appoietsNNt which vises became of maternity 
ka*c Applicants should have administrative and secretarial ex- 
perience ai board level preferably but not essentially wfthn a 
personnel enviroonjem. 

Pease write with CV ta 

John Miller, Director 
Institute of Personnel Management 
IPM House, 35 Camp Road 
Wimbledon, London SW19 4UW 

Rrat day: DaraMon : France laad Great 
Bntan by liaflBptMs to 11JB4 kaMdoak 
O do KameranoB (Frt. 086Boa pOOne 
1123S8C tone kirnr.7. 03m. BhoCl3-79m; fegh 
p: 135m;4b0rit 51.16 wear 2. P GeSens 
3035 (11.17aac. 7tBm. 1254m: 132m; 
_0_ G fileharts (GBL 0689 

WCYBMDQC Soanous mooern 
on. Hse. 4 bwn rn. 2 oatn. 
Oosks. futi am CH. dot grragt- 
IW K HH gens £149jOao.an6. 
Trt 0938 56441. 

£9,500 PLUS 

There's promotion! peris, 
ami esnainiy never a doil 
momcoL Joht ihu youn* US 
promaboa team now and 
participate m dwr tpnefc 
rise ia the uipi 

F«n f tiiH— WaMnger 

Staff lanuducUDM 
TEL: OM66 6951 



We are market-leaders m tire design, manufacture and distribution of high quality 
furnishing fabrics, wall papers and accessories. 

We are currently seeking Sales Administrator for our busy Trattes Saks Department 
based *1 Wbhe City. 

Ideally you wOl be in your early 20's, educated to ’A' Jevd standard and possess good 
. communication and