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No 62,520 

MONDAY JULY 28 1986 

Queen’s aide 
names the 
Palace mole 

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Cut ufi' vorriti 

The Queen's Private Secre- 
tary, Sir William Hesdtfne. 
has. intervened in pubiic for 
the first time in the week-long 
dispute over reported rifts 
between the Queen and the 
Prime Minister. 

. In a letter published in The 
Times today, from the Palace 
of Holyroodhouse in Edin- 
burgh, Sir William dismisses 
as preposterous the suggestion 
that the Queen would depart 
from constitutional principles, 
which she had followed for the 
past 34 years. 

Sir William’s letter con- 
firms for the first time that the 
so-called “Buckingham Palace 
mole", the key source for the 
The Sunday Tones article, was 
the Queen’s Press Secretary, 
Mr Michael Shea. 

But. he says that Mr Shea 
had said nothing that could 
reasonably bear the interpreta- 
tion put upon it by the writers 
of the article on the front page 
of The Sunday Times on July 
20 . 

Under the headline “Queen 
dismayed by ‘uncaring’ 
Thatcher", the newspaper 
quoted sources close to the 
Queen as saying that she was 
concerned with the conse- 
quences of the Prime Min- 
ister’s policies. 

The newspaper singled out 
the Queen's alleged misgiv- 
ings over Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher's handling of the 
miners' strike, the United 
States raid on Libya and the 
dispute within the Common- 
wealth over Britain's altitude 
to South Africa. 

The story was based on an 
inside-page feature article 
which The Sunday Tunes said 


By Nicholas Beeston 

had been checked and 
proved by the source. 

But Sir William says that 
“crucial parts" of the story 
were left out when the article 
was read back to the Palace 
before going to print and adds 
that the editor of The Sunday 
Times. Mr Andrew Neil, had 
made no personal attempt to 
contact anyone at Bucking- 
ham Palace to check the story. 

Sir William says that the 
Sovereign had constitutional 
duties to counsel her Gov- 

Mr Michael Shea in 
Scotland yesterday 

emement, act on the advice of 
her ministers and to treat her 
communications with the 
Prime Minister as con- 

In the letter, he writes: 
“After thirty-four years of 
unvarying adherence to these 
constitutional principles it is 
preposterous to suggest that 
her Majesty might suddenly 
depart from them. No sensible 
person would give a moment’s 
credence to such a prop- 

Sir William admits that Mr 
Shea had had “several ex- 
changes" with the co-author of 

the article, Mr Simon Free- 
man. but he says that the 
information had been misrep- 
resented in the article. 

He also says that it is 
preposterous to suggest that 
any member of the Queen's 
household would divulge 
knowledge of the Queen's 
opinions on government poli- 
cy to the press and that in any 
case Mr Shea was not aware of 

As for yesterday's article in 
The Sunday Times , which 
slated that the Palace had 
made no attempt to hail the 
publication of the original 
story despite being warned of 
its contents. Sir William sug- 
gests that such a move would 
have had little effect. 

Sir William's letter coin- 
cides with a call by the Tory 
MP, Sir Anthony Kershaw, 
chairman of the All-Party 
Commons Select Committee 
on Forcigh Affairs, for Mr 
Shea's resignation. 

“Something has gone wrong 
in the department of which he 
is head and therefore I think 
he ought to take the usual 
responsibility and he ought to 
resign". Sir Anthony said 

• There will be no meetings 
between the Queea and the 
Prime Minister before the 
Commonwealth summit on 
South Africa which begins 
next Sunday in London (our 
Chief Political Correspondent 

There is no regular audience 
this week because the Queen is 
in Scotland for the Common- 
wealth Games, but she will be 
giving a dinner next Sunday 

Continued ou page 16, col 8 


• Saturday’s £ 8,000 
weakly prize in The 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition was shared 
by six readers: Mr 
Jonathan Clegg of 
Hampstead, London 
NW3, Mrs D Bancroft of 
Rowledge, Famham, 
Surrey, Mrs J Blackie of 
Torrington, Devon, Mr J 
Hughes of Radford, 
Coventry, Mrs M Giles 
of Grinshall, 

Shrewsbury, amd Mr N J 
Ward of Salisbury, 


• The daily prize of 
£4,000 was shared by 
five readers: Mr R G 
Warren of North 
Wamborough, Hants, 
Mrs C Thwaites of 
Truro, Cornwall, Mr G A 
Smith of Southville, 
Bristol, Mr Patrick 
Colemen-Smith of 
Kingsley, Warrington, 
and Mr Michael Rennie 
of Stelsbury, Oxford. 

• There is a further 
£4,000 to be won today; 
Portfolio list page 20, 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 16. 

Nuclear bill 

Foreign Officer lawyers are 
studying the possibility of 
sending the Soviet Union a 
bill for £10 million to help 
meet farmers’ costs after the 
Chernobyl nuclear disaster 
Page 4 

Schools crisis 



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The education system is tn 
crisis and teaching methods 
are irrelevant to the age of 
technology, says a report for 
the Cabinet Office Page 2 

Crash toll up 

A ninth victim of die Hum- 
berside train crash died yester- 
day as investigators tried to 
establish whether the level 
crossing warning system was 
to blame P*se 3 

Degree results 

The Oxford University Class 
List for Politics. Philosophy 
and Economics, and degrees 
awarded by Southampton and 
York Universities are pub- 
lished today Pag* 21 

Home News 2-4 
Overseas 5.7 
Arts 15 

Births, deaths, 
marriages 14 
Business 17-20 
Court 14 

Crosswords 10,16 
Diary 12 

* V* 1r 

law Report 






Ptem Bonds 




Soort 25-2*30 

Theatres, etc 


TV & Radio 




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Variable benefits plan 

Tebbit wants dole 
cut in some areas 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
A controversial plan under in areas where there is high 

which dole payments would 
be cut in areas of low unem- 
ployment was put forward last 
night by Mr Norman Tebbit, 
the Conservative Party 

Mr Tebbit, a key member of 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher’s Cab- 
inet strategy group which will 
draw up the next general 
election manifesto, suggested 
a variable benefits plan which 
would allow savings made by 
reductions in the low jobless 
areas to be redistributed to 
areas of high unemployment. 

He said in an interview on • 
The Jimmy Young Pro- 
gramme on ITV that some 
people found life on the safety 
net a little too comfortable 
and did not make an attempt 
to climb the ladder, although 
it was not unusual for people 
to take jobs and leave them- 
selves worse off than if they 
had stayed on state benefit 

Mr Tebbit, whose proposal 
would be unlikely to be 
worked on before a general 
election, said: “Perhaps we 
should be a little tougher on 
the benefits in those areas 
where there are jobs so that we 
can be a little more generous 


Mr Tebbit criticized the 
churches for abandoning mor- 
al issues for political ones. 

‘ He said that since the 1 960s 
there had been big increases in 
the number of illegitimate 
births, abortions and marriage 
break-ups, yet these were is- 
sues on which the churches 
bad gone remarkably silent 

“Yet they are always ready 
to advise me on politics and 
economic policy, he said. “It 
is a pity that more has not 
been done about these moral 

Mr Tebbit said that drug 
peddling and addiction did 
not start in the inner cities, but. 
in places like Hampstead from 
where it spread. 

Mr Tebbit said that individ- 
uals should lake more respon- 
sibility over caring for 
themselves and their families. 

“Individual responsibility 
within the family should loom 
larger than it does," he said. 

“People have got to have 
much more responsibility to 
save for their old age and the 
extras they may need if they 
fall on hard times." 

US tells 
to help 

From Christopher Thomas 

President Reagan, stQl in 
retreat from his adamant “no 
sanctions" speech last Tues- 
day, has written to President 
Botha of South Africa urging a 
positive response to the criti- 
cal visit by Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary. 

It is now apparent that the 
immediate direction of US 
policy towards the Pretoria 
Government will in large mea- 
sure be determined by the 
success or failure of Sir 
Geoffrey's mission. 

Senator Orrin Hatch, 
conservative Repnbkan who is 
dose to Mr Reagan, said 
yesterday that the President 
had not announced any initia- 
tives because “the leader has 
to be Margaret Thatcher. He 
is giving her time." 

Mr Chester Crocker, Assis- 
tant Secretary of State for 
African Affairs, said yester- 
day that the US did not want 
“to cut directly across" what 
was being done by Britain and 
the Commonwealth. 

“Clearly the British have 
more at stake than we do, and 
more historical relationships 
down there. We have been 
solidly behind this British 

He indicated that if Pretoria 
reacted negatively to Sir Geof- 
frey, then “we are not ruling 
out farther measnres". 

President Reagan is almost 
certain to renew a year-old 
series of limited sanctions 
against Sooth Africa when 
they expire on September 9. 

They include a ban on some 
computer exports, the refusal 
to give loans to the South 
African Government and the 
prohibition of exports of most 
nodear goods and technology. 

It is possible that when Mr 
Reagan renews his executive 
order some other limited sanc- 
tions will be added to the list 

Mr Reagan is also consider- 
ing whether to send a special 
envoy to try to persuade the 
Pretoria Government to speed 

change to enable the Adminis- 
tration to resist strong de- 
mands by Congress for 
toagber penalties. - 
Senator Pan! Laxalt, the 
Nevada Republican who is a 
friend of Mr Reagan, is one 
possible candidate for the 
mission. The aim would be to 
meet both President Botha 
and Mr Oliver Tambo, a 
leader of th^ outlawed African 
National Congress. 

Mr Crocker flies to London 
tomorrow for high-level talks 
to co-ordinate the next move 
by Britain and the UN. He is 
particularly anxions to hear 
directly from Sir Geoffrey to 
guide the White House. 

Tough sanctions legislation, 
meanwhile, is being intro- 
duced by Republican leaders 
in the Senate this week as a 
signal to Mr Reagan that his 
policy most be hardened. 

Mr Crocker said that he had 
bo knowledge of a report that 
Mr Tambo had said be would 
not meet Mr George Shultz, 
the Secretary of State. 

We have had meetings 
with the ANC and we think 
that, in these conditions, ex- 
panding those meetings makes 
sense. We have a channel of 
conun onicatioD with them. We 
do not yet have any meetings 

Bishop Desmond Tutu, in a 
television interview from Nai- 
robi, expressed strong reserva- 
tions about the US sending an 
emissary to Pretoria. 

Africans meet, page 5 
Howe in Pretoria, page 16 

Labour would ‘damage economy’ 

The Treasury yesterday re- 
opened its assault against the 
Labour Party’s spending plans 
when it said that its proposals 
for taxing the rich would do 
immense damage to incen- 
tives and to the economy. 

Mr John MacGregor, Chief 
Secretary to the Treasury, 
seized on a report yesterday 
that an incoming government 
would need to borrow £18 bil- 
lion, three limes the present 
level of government borrow- 
ing. to finance its plans. 

By Philip Webster 

However, shadow cabinet 
sources denied that the 
£18 billion figure had been 
given by Mr Roy Hattersley, 
the shadow chancellor, at an 
election strategy meeting at 
Bishop's Stortford last week- 

Mr MacGregor, referring to 
Mr Hatlersley's promise to 
increase income tax dramati- 
cally on those earning more 
than £27.000, said that all 
single taxpayers and married 
couples earning jointly that 

amount would be paying a tax 
rate of 80 per cent on income 
over that figure. 

Labour's spending pro- 
grammes, he said, were irre- 
sponsible, and would mean 
huge rises in interest rates and 
taxation and mean “terrific" 
damage to incentives and 
therefore to the economy 

“An awful lot of people are 
going to be struck numb by the 
tax plans that Mr Hattersley 
will have to produce,” Mr 
MacGregor said. 

Polaris pressure 
mounts on Owen 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

The Queen congratulating Kathy Cook who won a bronze medal in the 400 metres at the 
Commonwealth Gaines in Edinburgh yesterday (Photograph: Ian Stewart). 


By John Good body 
Sports News Correspondent 

Mr Robert Maxwell, the co- 
chairman of the Common- 
wealth Games organizing 
committee, yesterday rebuffed 
an attempt by the Edinburgh 
Co and] to stop Mrs Thatcher 
attending the games on 

In a letter to Dr John 
McKay, the Lord Provost, Mr 
Maxwell said that by asking 
the organizers to withdraw 
their invitation to the Prime 
Minister the council was “re- 
peating the errors" of the 32 

Dr David Owen, the Social 
Democratic Party leader, is 
under growing pressure from 
his colleagues in the party 
leadership to be more flexible 
in his relations with the 
Liberals over their joint atti- 
tude to nuclear defence. 

Suspicious among some of 
Dr Owen's colleagues that he 
was using the parties’ differ- 
ences over the future of Polar- 
is to prevent their relationship 
becoming too close was fu- 
elled last week when Dr Owen 
opposed a proposal that Mr 
William Rodgers, one of the 
original Gang of Four and a 
member of the joint commis- 
sion on defence, should open 
the debate on the issue at the 
party conference in Harrogate 
in the autumn. 

Both Mcs.Shiriey Williams, 
the party president, and Mr 
Rodgers believed that if he 
had opened the debate it 
would have been a sign of the 
SDFs willingness to reach an 
accommodation with the Lib- 
erals, and welcomed as such 
by the vast majority of paity 

But Dr Owen argued that it 
was important that the debate 
be opened by a supporter of 
the SDP policy on Polaris, as 
agreed last year at Torquay. 
That expresses a willingness to 
replace Polaris, while the com- 
mission report, with which Mr 
Rodgers went along, leaves 
open the question of a 

Dr Owen originally pro- 
posed that Miss Sue Slipman 
should open the debate. That 

was unacceptable even to 
some of bis own supporters 
and in the end it was decided 
that Mr Charles Kennedy, one 
of the party's MPs and an 
Owen supporter, should be 
given the task. 

.Dr Owen, it was learnt 
yesterday, is prepared to ac- 
cept a motion put foward for 
the Harrogate debate by Mr 
Tom McNally, the former 
Labour MP, calling on the 
Alliance to agree on a “united 
and responsible policy on 
defence for the next election.” 

In a private session of a 
London conference of SDP 
and Liberal parliamentary 
candidates on Saturday Dr 
Owen defended himself 
against an accusation by Miss 
Susan Thomas, the 'Libera! 
candidate for Mole Valley, 
that he had undermined the 
commission report before it 
was published. 

Mr Rodgers, speaking in the 
session dealing with interna- 
tional policy, was cheered by 
candidates from both parties 
when he spoke of the necessity 
for the two parties to have a 
single defence policy, and that 
it was up to Dr Owen and Mr 
David Steel to close the gap 
between them. 

Some of Dr Owen's col- 
leagues believe that he is 
opposed to a compromise 
with the Liberals on Polaris 
because he wants to keep over 
the possibility of an electoral 
pact with the Conservatives in 
the event of a hung parliament 
at the next election. 

Two more golds 

Britain gained two more qpld 
medals in athle?**5 *' 
Commonwealth oi»r.cs-> 5 x*-^| 
terday , adding to those won on 
Saturday by Julian Solly and 
David Smith. Roger Black 
look the men’s 400 metres, 
and Heather Oakes emerged 
triumphant from a 
photofinish of the women's 
100 metres. 

Reports, pages 25, 28, 30. 

flies to 

From Frank Johnson 

The Rev Lawrence Jenco, 
aged 51. the American Roman 
Catholic priest who was re- 
leased on Saturday after hav- 
ing been held hostage by Shia 
Muslim militants for 19 
months, arrived at the United 
Slates Air Force regional med- 
ical centre here yesterday. 

He had been flown from 
Damascus in a US military 
aircraft to the US airbase at 
Frankfort, about 10 miles 
from here. He was accompa- 
nied Mr Terry Waite, the 
Archbishop of Canterbury’s 

It was understood that Mr 
Waite had played no direct 
pan in securing Father Jenco's 
release but had been able to 
offer advice. 

Father Jenco was driven to 
the medical centre in a van. 
escorted by West German 
police motorcyclists and fol- 
lowed by an ambulance. 

He walked unaided up the 
steps of the centre. He wore a 
black suit and clerical collar 
and appeared to be in good 

Despite a security cordon, a 
television journalist from Chi- 
cago rushed forward and per- 
suaded him to say a few 
words: “Chicago is ’a windy 
city, and I want to fed the 
wind on my face again." 

Father Jenco, of Joliet, Illi- 
nois, also said: “Don't forget 
the three brothers.'' in refer- 

Hope and despair 5 

Leading article 13 

Commonwealth countries 
whose boycott had spoilt the 

“I believe your authority is 
seeking publicity in as offen- 
sive a manner as H can devise. 

“What you propose is a 
gesture, a form of political 
sloganizing, without 
substance," Mr Maxwell 

Continued on page 16, col 6 

ence to three Americans still 
held hostage in Lebanon. 

He waved repeatedly and 
gave the “thumbs-up" sign to 
a group of well-wishers. 

He told a crowd of journal- 
ists that he was “doing fine", 
but acknowledged “l*m tired" 
and said he had not slept for 
three nights. 

Asked how the American 
hostage Mr Terry Anderson 
was raring, he replied: “Very 
fine." Mr Anderson, chief 
Middle East correspondent of 
the Associated Press, was 

S yjnsnce/Jn Beirut on March 

Father Jenco also had a 
videotaped message from an- 
other American captive, Mr 
David Jacobsen, urging the 
US Administration to negoti- 
ate with the captors for the 
release of the remaining 

Another hostage, Mr Wil- 
liam Buckley, a diplomat, is 
reported to have been killed. 

Patients at the medical cen- 
tre applauded as Father Jenco 
entered the building, which 
had been decorated with 
about 30 American flags. One 
shouted: “Let’s get the rest of 
them back,” a reference to the 
other Americans hostages. 

At about the lime of Father 
Jenco’s arrival here, his two 
sisters began a flight from 
Chicago to Wiesbaden. 

and coal 
profits leap 

The coal and electricity 
supply industries will unveil 
big operating profits this week. 

Sir lan MacGregor, chair- 
man of British Coal is expect- 
ed to disclose an operating 
income of nearly £600 million, 
although huge interest charges 
and the cost of restructuring 
and redundancy payments 
since the end of the strike have 
pushed the industry into a loss 
of £S0 million. 

The electricity board, whose 
chairman. Sir Philip Jones, 
refused to allow a “Scargill 
surcharge’’,will announce 
profits of between £200 mil- 
lion and £300 million. 

Details, page 17 

Victories for 
and Piquet 

Paris (AFP) — Greg 
LeMond became the first 
American, first English-speak- 
er and first non-European to 
win the Tour de France cycle 
race yesterday. He had to 
overcome the hostility of his 
own team to beat the French 
national hero, Bernard 
Hinault, who was attempting 
to win the race for a record 
sixth time. 

In Hockenheim, Nelson Pi- 
quet of Brazil won the West 
German motor-racing Grand 
Prix. His team-mate, Nigel 
Mansell of Britain, finished 
third and increased his world 
championship lead. 

Reports, page 30 

US statesman dies 

Mr AvereO Hardman, who 
served four US presidents and 
23 years ago negotiated one of 
the most durable Soviet-US 
nuclear agreements, died on 
Saturday at his New York 

Mr Harriman, who was 94, 

had served his country for 50 
years. He was governor of 
New York in the 1950s, 
ambassador to London and 
Moscow, the Secretary; of 
Commerce, and the negotiator 
in wars in Laos and Vietnam. 

Obituary, page 14 

Superb art gift that is still looking for a home 

By Geraldine Norman 

Mr Fred Koch,, one of the 
richest men in America, wants 
to establish an art gallery and 
study centre in Britain but is 
finding it uphill work. 

After four years battling 
with the planning authorities, 
he pulled out of his project to 
convert St John’s Lodge, a 
villa in Regent's Park, last 
month. He is prepared to look 
elsewhere, as long as he can 
find a magnificent Victorian 
building, and is said to have a 
strong preference to finding it 
in Britain, despite several 
offers of handsome houses in 
the United States. 

He blames his failure to 
achieve a major benefaction on 
the British planning system,. 

which erected one hairier after 
another to his scheme. His 
reticence about his intentions 
may have been equally 

He has now provided The 
Times with an ootfine of his 
plans and it is dear that 
Britain is looking a gift horse 
in the month. Not since 
Gnlbenkian offered his collec- 
tion to Britain and was turned 
away, has a foreigner offered 
this country so rich a 

He has already established 
a British trust as a vehicle for 
bis benefaction and its aims 
speak for themselves. The 
trust intends ta 

1. Acquire, restore and 
maintain a nineteenth century 
structure, or structures, suit* 

Fred Koch: offering huge art 

able for public display, study 
and conservation of Its - 

2. Exhibit and conserve a 


collection of English, Europe- 
an and American works of art 
of the nineteenth century in- 
cluding, but not limited to, 
paintings, prints, drawings 
and sculpture. 

3. Assemble and maintain a 
reference library of books, 
manuscripts and Livres 
d’ Artistes to complement the 
collection of works of art and 

to encourage study of the 
connections^ between literature 
and fine arts of the nineteenth 

4. Sponsor the publication 
of books designed and illus- 
trated by nineteenth century 

5. Fonttsh scholarships to 
students studying nineteenth 
century art or architecture in 

the United Kingdom, Europe 
or the United States. 

6. Conduct seminars on 
nineteenth century art, archi- 
tecture and literature, and 
invite scholars to lecture on 
related subjects. 

7. Give assistance and make 
donations to other charitable 
institutions and orga nis ations 
which further the study of 
nineteenth century culture. 

A blanket of secrecy has 
hitherto surrounded the actual 
collection. Mr Koch and his 
advisors are apparently afraid 
that collecting will become too 
difficult if the market knows 
what be is after, as he is still a 
very active buyer. They have, 
however, now given The Times 
an outline description and 
Continued on page 16, col 3 






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Schools fit for 

technology age 
vital, Cabinet 
Office is told 

By BID Johnstone, Technology G H Tesp on deat 

The British educational sys- 
tem is in crisis and urgently 

needs study by a national 
The s 

commission. The system is 
under stress and teaching 
methods are outdated and 
irrelevant to a technology- 
based society, advisers to the 
Cabinet Office say in a report 
published today. 

The findings are those of the 
Information Technology Ad- 
visory Panel created about 
four years ago to counsel 
government on the needs of 
the technological age. 

The new report. Learning to 
Live with Information Tech- 
nology, calls for the creation of 
a commission to study the 
educational needs of Britain in 
the year 2000, pulling advisers 
from academia, industry and 
the Government 

The present educational 
system, the Cabinet counsel- 
lors found, cannot cope with a 
society where increasingly 
more information needs to be 
impaned to students of ail 
ages and where high levels of 
numeracy and technical skill 
are required to do even the 
most modest of jobs. 

The nature of society and its 
educational needs has 
changed substantially since 
much of the present frame- 
work was created 40 years ago, 
the report says. A sounder and 
lasting system needs to be 

Apart from the national 
commission, the report calls 
for detailed research to be 
conducted on current educa- 
tional practices and how they 
could be improved using 

Technology, encompassing 
computers, video discs, elec- 

tronic libraries and telecom- 
munications, must be used to 
far greater effect and will 
require a complete new ap- 
proach to the training and 
retraining of teachers, the 
report says. 

The study highlights how 

bureaucracy is preventing die 
present system from respc 

ing properly, as most training 
funds are provided through 
the Manpower Services Com- 
mission while educational fi- 
nances are channelled through 
the Department of Education 
and Science. 

The Cabinet Office report 
comes in the wake of a study 
completed by the Paris-based 
Organization for Economic 
Co-Operation and Develop- 

The little publicized report. 
New Information Technol- 
ogies: A Challenge for Educa- 
tion , which surveyed the 
educational needs of the elec- 
tronic age in its member 
slates, was more critical than 
the Cabinet Office report, of 
academia. The study noted 
that if educators did not 
respond or were not allowed 
to, then the future role of the 
school would be in jeopardy. 

The OECD report had end- 
ed: “If the school cannot 
assume the role, if it cannot 
become more skilful and effec- 
tive in this activity than other 
agencies of society, there may 
be little future for school as we 
know it. 

If the school serves only as a 
warehouse for computer ter- 
minals, or if it refuses to make 
use of the technology, it will be 
bypassed as irrelevant. 

Scheme to 

bring more 
jobs to 
inner cities 

The Department of Em- 
ployment minister in charge 
of inner city government ini- 
tiatives, Mr Kenneth Darke, 
will announce today two de- 
velopments to promote em- 
ployment opportunities in foe 
pilot inner cities. 

In a speech to business 
leaden in Middlesbrough, one 
of the eight inner city task 
force areas, Mr Clarke will 
announce an enterprise train- 
ing scheme, dubbed "head- 
start”, to provide more than 
3,000 inner-city youngsters 
with the advice ana business 
training they win need to start 
their own businesses. 

Aimed at the lS-25-year- 
will run 

olds, the programme win run 
in collaboration with the In- 
dustrial Society in most of the 
designated task force areas. 

There will be an extra 
allocation of 1,400 communi- 
ty programme places for in- 
ner-city residents. Private- 
sector sponsors can now offer 
projects involving some gain 
for themselves, provided that 
there is a greater benefit to the 
local community. 

That recent ruling win be of 
special benefit in the inner 
cities where more sponsors are 
needed to add to the efforts 
already been made by the 
public and voluntary sectors. 

Mr Clarice, who plans to get 
in touch with leading employ- 
and business groups 


_ _ 

mb Prime Minis ter talking to co mpeti t or s yesterday at the opening of the Werid 
Wheelchair Games fn the grounds of Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Boetangha mshire . 


through the country’s cham- 
bers of commerce to appeal 
for project sponsors, had this 
message for them yesterday: 

"I realize that we will need 
sponsors of all kinds to fill all 
1,400 places. 

"But I am confident that by 
adapting the rules of an estab- 
lished scheme we stand to 
make a real dent in the job- 
opportunity blackspots. 

“We are giving private em- 
ployers a real opportunity to 
set up projects which help 

Poverty 6 is 
that of 
the 1930s’ 

The Government was ac- 
cused yesterday by Mr Mi- 
chael Meacher, shadow 
Secretary of State for Social 
Services, of suppressing the 
truth that poverty in Britain is 
now at its worst since the war 
and comparable with that of 
the 1930s. 

Recall Westland 
inquiry, MP says 

Sir Humphrey Atkins, 
chairman of the Commons 
select committee on defence, 
was last night being urged to 
recall the committee “as soon 
as practicable" to consider an 
invitation to Sir Michael Ha- 
vers, Attorney General, to 
give evidence on the Westland 

was* Tam Dalyell, a Labour 

«* , a] 0 way tv 

Government for what he 

called its “hole-in-the-coraer 
disclosure” of out-of-dale 
poverty figures after the Com- 
mons had risen for the sum- 
mer holidays, calculated that 
the number of the poor was 
approaching 10.3 million. 

He has written to Mr Nor- 
man Fowler, the Secretary of 
State, castigating him for 
“sneaking out” three-year-old 

Mr Meacher told him 
“These figures, on which the 
Government has already been 
sitting for more than six 
months, relate to 1983. Isn't it 
ridiculous that under the cur- 
rent roles we shall have to wait 
until 1989 before we shall be 
told officially the numbers in 
poverty this year?” 

phrey after the report that the 
Attorney General told Sir 
Robert Armstrong, the Cato- 
net Secretary, that unless there 
was an inquiry into the leaking 
of the Solicitor General's tetter 
he would arrange for the 
police to intervene. 

Mr Dalyell said the uncon- 
firmed report put a new light 
on the whole affair. In a letter 
to the Attorney General advis- 
ing tom of his intentions, Mr 
Dalydl said that in the inter- 
ests of a fair legal system — 
and a legal system sent to be 
fair — he was asking Sir 
Humphrey to act on the last 
paragraph of the committee's 
report, which was published 
last week. 

This said that the commit- 
tee was prepared to take oral 
or written evidence in public 

or in private from anyone who 
feh that be had been traduced 
by the committee’s findings. 

The committee concluded 
that when Sir Michael gave 
immunity from prosecution to. 
Miss Colette Bowe, the De- 
partment of Trade and Indus- 
try official who leaked the 
tetter, he must have known 
that the disclosure had been 
authorized. He must also have 
received the information from 
Sir Robert Armstrong, the 
report said. 

Mr Dalyell said: “Even if 
ministers say this issue is 
boring to people outside West- 
minster and in certain sections 
of the press, what is at stake is 
the propriety of the legal 
system of this country." 

• Two of the five Civil Ser- 
vants criticized over the West- 
land affair have written their 
own detailed accounts of be- 
hind-the-scenes manoeuvres. 
Dr John Gilbert, the senior 
Labour member of the select 
committee, said last night 

He said the “Westland 
Diaries" should be placed 
before the select committee 
and he would be “very 
pleased" to read them if they 
were sent to him. 

Ghetto target for work aid 

Businessmen want an ac- 
tion plan to help rid foe 
multiracial St Pam’s area of 
Bristol of its “ghetto" tag by 
increasing job opportunities 
for young blades. 

A working party from foe 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry believes that employers 
and foe Government’s Man- 
power Services Commission 
(MSC) should work jointly to 
help disperse the concentra- 

tion of blacks in the inner-city 

It suggests, training projects 
in neighbouring areas, geared 
to specific job opportunities, 
to create the dispersaL And it 
urges foe MSC to consider 
ways of funding the pilot 
projects, which might require 
new legislation. 

The working party, in a 
report out today, favours lim- 
ited positive discrimination in 

iftTflptrng its proposals on 
young unemployed Afro-Ca- 
ribbean men. - ' - 

The businessmen in foe 
working party say that job 
opportunity could play an 
important part in a solution to 
social unrest in the area. 

A majority of Afro-Caribbe- 
arw do cot welcome racial 
concentration in St PauTs and 
would themselves prefer inte- 
gration, the report says. 

press for 


Several unions have sug- 
gested changes in trade umon 
and industrial relations laws 
in motions submitted for tms 
year's TUC Congress at Brigh- 
ton in September — but much 
has been overtaken by the 
recent TUC/Labour Party 
document • , . 

That document. People at 
Work, New Rights, New Re- 
sponsibilities, will be a main 
pinnk in Labour’s general 
election campaign, and pro- 
poses to sweep away most 
trade union legislation intro- 
duced since 1979. 

The TUCs pelimmary 
agenda, published today, , has 
no fewer than 21 motions 
tabled under the trade union 
organization and industrial 

relations section. . 

One, from the General, 
Municipal, Bofiennakers.and 
Allied Trades Union calls on a 

Labour government to enact a 
system of industrial relations 
law including a charter oflegal 
rights for all at work. 

It wants a law to protect 
unfair dismissal with- 
out regard to minim um quali- 
fying hours and extended 
protection against dis 

mmin stifln. 

■ The Union of Communica- 
tion Workers -wants to see 
rights to a fair wage, belonging 
to a union, working tune 
farilitifs for union bargaining 
and ballots, consultation by an 
employer, secret balfois before 
indus trial action, and a rir 1 ** 
to strike and picket peacefi . 
with the abolition of restric- 
tions on picket numbers and 
so called “secondaiy activity". 

A motion by the taxmen’s 
union, IRSF, opposes the use 
of police anti-not weapons 
such as plastic bullets, water 
cannon and disabling gas. 

Po lice Tan 



The telephone war: 1 

BT under attack in inner London 

3M Whisper Telex | 

The battle between British 
Telecom and Mercury will 
intensify from next week with 
the launch by Mercury of an 
inner London telephone ser- 
vice. In the first of two axtides. 
Bill Johnstone, Technology 
Correspondent, looks at what 
each side is doing to prepare 
for the fray. Today, the fight 
for the UK market. 

Next week Britain's alterna- 
tive telephone network will 
offer a local service. The stage 
for the branch wflFbe London 
where businesses wiD be en- 
couraged to defect from Brit- 
ish -Telecom by having their 
hills slashed by thousands of 

London win be the first 
urban area to be offered 
discounts of up to 25 per cent; 
foe most overt attempt by 
Mercury to woo British 
Telecom's clientele. 

Mercury became a n atio n a l 
telephone network last May 
when it interconnected with 
British Telecom. 

Trunk telephone traffic is 
carried on a fibre optic (glass 
fibre) cable network laid 
alongside die tracks of British 
Rail, connecting most of the 
main business centres in Brit- 
ain. London, Manchester, Bir- 
mingham, Leeds and Bristol 
are the hubs of foe network. 

Local urban telephone calls 
wiD be carried by microwave 
radio and cable. An addition to 
foe main cable network will 

service has managedto attract 
400 top British companies. 

According to Mercury: 
“Major business customers 
such as Grand Metropolitan 
and Midland Bank can call 
any other telephone user con- 
nected to the public network 
either in Britain or interna- 
tionally. Savings for these 
customers on trunk routes 
from London should average 
20 .per ceht, from elsewhere in 
Britain about 24 per cent and 
bn selected " international 
routes up to 17 per cent.” 

The discount on local calls 
is the second shot in a price 
war which British Telecom is 
still refectant to acknowledge 

But British Telecom is far 
from complacent It is in foe 
process of devising a method 
of restructuring its trunk tele- 

phone pricing policy. The 
corporation, has long been 
unhappy about charging busi- 
ness users more than residen- 
tial subscribers. 

There are about 21 minion 
telephone subscribers in Brit- 
ain of which four mfifom are 
businesses, contributing to 
nearly 60 per cent of British 
Telecom’s revenue - the busi- 
ness subscriber being foe most 
prolific user of inter-city and 
International telephone cir- 

Last month, while declaring 
profits of £l-&bQliou for the 
year, British Tdecnn declared 
its intention to dose foe gap. 
The result wiH be discomtirng 
on tnmk routes and increases 
in residential prices. 

Mercury offers little threat 
> British T< 

to British Telecom. Its invest- 
ment of £200 minimi is a mere 

also be constructed using no- 
rm of that 

A real alternative to 


crowave. The first arm 
extension will be completed to 
Glasgow and Edinburgh by 
the end of the year. 

Mercury's initial ma rke tin g 
policy is to attack foe business 
customer . base of British 
Telecom. Since May foe rival 

fraction of aboat £10 billian of 
fixed assets declared this year 
by British Telecom. Bat the. 
hatence will change as sub- 
scribers are offered alternative 
services at competitive prices. 

Mercury's principal advan- 
tage is that it is creating a new 
artwor k from scratch nod 
therefore asms the latest tech- 
nology. British Tefoom, while 
investing heavily in new equip- 
ment ami cable, is still bw- 
dened with rider exchanges 
and technology. 

For example, one feature 
which nil] undoubtedly attract 
foe British telephone sub- 
scritartoa Mercory service is 
an itemized telephone bfiL 

Mereary will offer foe bills 
as standard using its new 
computerized exchanges. 

As British Telecom converts 
its network to more modern 
exchan ge s it, too, intends to 
offer itemized billing. But it is 
not dear yet whether foe 
service will be standard. 

One of foe vehicles for 
pnrihg cheap local tele- 
phone dub wiD be the cable 
teSevMon network*. ■ 

Local calk and business 
mfonnatioa win be carried on 
those rircnits. 

Mercury has an interest or. 
has been in dbensrions with 
die cable networks in Glas- 
gow, Croydon, Wradsor and 
London Docklands. 

British Telecom has re- 
sponded to that challenge. It is 
a shareholder and cable pro- 
vider to many multichannel 
cable television stations, re- 
cently awarded their fran- 
chises. Those indade Aber- 
deen, Ulster, Coventry, 
Merseyside and Westminster. 

Tomorrow: The battle for 
international bnsmefK 

Peer is sued 
for £57,550 

in the High Court for £57,550 
over the design and planning 
of a golfconree at his home in 
Hertfordshire, Brocket Park, 
and the' development of 
Brocket HalL . . . 

Mr James Marshall, of 
Chelsea, west London, and Mr 
Peter McEvpy, of Chdteb- 
ham, Gloucestershire, are 
dahning£ 16,000 for designing 
and planning the golf course. 
Mr Marshall is also dahning 
£41,5 50 for development 
work that, he claims he has 
done at the haR - - 

Dispute over 
Pretoria loan 

Sheffield council, winch 
campaigns against apartheid, 
was at the centre of a dispute 
yesterday alter borrowing 
£20 million from a bank 7 
which recently lent £600 mil- 
lion to the South Africa 

yp gimfc. ' 

Tbe £20 milli on loan from * 
the Bahqne Paribas was 
agreed last November to help 
to keep down foe city’s rates, 
and maintain services. On 
finding out about the bank's 
South Africa loan, Tory coun- 
cillors accused the council of 

writ for £lm 

Kenneth Npye, the master- 
mind fence jailed for 14 years 
over the £26 million- grid 
bullion i^d at Heathrow Air- 
port' is being sued- by the 
Inland Revenue for" hearty 

£1 million. - • - — ‘ 

The taxmen have served a 
High Court writ on Noye in 
Bnxton Prison*, claiming 
£949,000 for tax, national 
insurance and interest be- 
tween 1978 and 1984. 

Up and down 
the mountain 

Mr Charles Turnbull, aged 
79, a retired police chief 
inspectin' from Coniston, 
Cumbria, who is Mind, com- 
pleted 51 solo ascents of the 
2,633 ftConiston Old Man 

mountain yesterday to raise 

cash for the BBC's tjuklrcn in 
Need appeal and to establifo-a 
record for The Guinness Book 
of Records. 

Beatles pupil 

Miss Penny Lane, aged 16, 
of Bettey, near Crewe, win be a 
student when the country’s 
first full-time course on .the 
life and music of the Beaties 
opens in September at New-, 
castle College in north Staf- 

for only ’£8 a week. 

Have you noticed how expensive ft can 
be to use a Telex Bureau? Registration fees. 
Extra costs for outgoing and incoming 
telexes. Not to mention the telephone 

Well, here's how you can save money - 

and get a 24-hour, 7-day week Telex Service 
into the bargain. 

. The 3M WhisperTelex will give you all this 
foras frttte as *£8.00a week. To find out more, 
post the coupon or call the number below - 
day, night or weekends. 

• Virtually silent 

• Compact and easy to use. 

• From just *£8 per week. 

• A complete Telex machine. 

To: Business Communications Products, 3M United Kingdom PLC. 
FREEPOST. 3M House. PO Box No. 1. Bracknell. Berkshire BG12 18 R. 
Tel: (0344) 58865. 




Address _ 


24 HOUR 



It" 28/7 T 


Surge in tunnel traffic 
means miles of queues 

By Michael Baity, Transport Editor 

Traffic through the 
Dartford tunnel on the east 
side of London's M25 orbital 
motorway, is set to break all 
records this month, putting 
renewed pressure on the Gov- 
ernment to authorize a third 
crossing of the Thames. 

As holidaymakers streamed 
to the Channel ports on 
Friday, tunnel traffic reached 
almost 90,000, compared with 
a theoretical capacity of 
70,000 for the two lanes each 
way. From 2pm to 8.30pm 
there were two-and-a-half- 
mile queues on the approaches 
to the tunnel imposing delays 
of up to an hour on motorists 
for much of the day. 

A fortnight earlier, on July 
1 1, traffic readied an aff-time 
high of 92,000, with queues six 
to seven miles longboth north 
and south of the tunnel 

Mr Rodney Jones, general 
manager of the tunnel, calcu- 
lates that total traffic this 
month should reach 2.3 mil- 
lion vehicles through the twin 
twolane tunnels compared 
with a previous peak of 
2. 18 million in May this year 
and around 2 milli on a month 
in summer last year. 

It means that traffic is rising 
faster than forecast, and holi- 
daymakers, commuters and 
lorries are doomed to severe 
delays for five years before 
relief can be provided. 

The Government, inhibited 
by the probable £150 million 
cost, of a new crossing on. top- 
of the £1 billion already spent 
on the M25, and. also by: the 

fact that the tunnels are jointly 
owned by Kent and Essex 
county councils rather than by 
the Department of Transport, 
hesitated for two precious 
years before ordering an inqui- 
ry last year. 

Since then things have 
moved faster, and a final 
choice is being made between 
three contractors: Mowlem, 
Taylor Woodrow/Balfour 
Beatty and Trafalgar House. 

Mr John Moore, Secretary 
of State for Transport, hopes 
to reach a decision within 
weeks, paving the way for 
legislation in the next parlia- 
mentary session and the start 
of the crossings next autumn. 

Even if that timetable is 
achieved it would be 1991-92 
before a new cresting could be' 
in - place. Potential relief from 
a proposed new bridge higher 
up the Thames trill be avail- 
able no sooner. 

Mr Jones said yesterday: 
“We are very sorry for the 
delays vehicles are suffering, 
and are doing our best to get 
the traffic through as quickly 
as possible. Eight Land 
Rovers and two recovery ve- 
hicles are available to speed 
traffic through. 

“Traffic should reach 25 
million this year, and 28- to 29 
million by 1991 By then the 
delays will be such that people 
will be taking other routes, 
either westbound round the 
M25; .(but. there are already 
co'ngetilon 'problems there 
too ), or on local roads^ 

MP’s plea 
for end to 


The Prime Minister was 
urged yesterday to outlaw the 
practice of “gazumping” in 
which a property seller makes 
a last-minute sale to a higher 
bidder after reaching an 
“agreement" with the first 
potential purchaser. 

The vice-president of the 
Building Societies Assotiar 
tion, Mr John Heddle, has 
written to Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher urging her to adopt 
the Scottish system in which 
acceptance of an offer is 
binding on seller and buyer. 

Thousands of first-time 
buyers have had their hopes 
dashed at the last minute, Mr 
Heddle, who is MP for Mid- 
Staffordshire and chairman of 
the influential Conservative 
backbench environment com- 
mittee, said. 

When the seller changes his 
mind and sells to a higher 
bidder, the first purchaser has 
incurred thousands of pounds 
in costs on survey; valuation 
and legal fees. 

He added that if the Scottish 
system were adopted to En- 
gland it would ensure that 
only genuine sellers and buy- 
ers would enter the housing 

Tl». **!■■». m um 

Amnia S eft 29: fMqirim a Ft* Sty 
Qmns JBS.7S: 14 as 

Cyprus TO OHrtKDcamarli Dhr ‘fcS 

B ISO: Ht aMGB?LBO: is 

Ip'singmre s£m§ 9 
S weden Skr 9_oo-l 



EH* ua * 


Border shock as three 
RUC men are killed 

By Richard Ford 

Police officers in a border 
town station were recovering 
yesterday from the third ter- 
rorist attack to 17 months, to 
which Provisional IRA mem- 
bers murdered three col- 
leagues in a shopping precinct. 

The terrorists, dressed in 
butchers' coats and tods, shot 
the three officers at dose range 
and fora burled a grenade into 

the unmarked pdlice car to 

frighten people from attempt- 
ing foe prtiH foe men from the 

The attack shocked and 
frightened people from the 
North and the Irish Republic 
who were to the pedestrian 
precinct at Newry, Co Down, 
at lunchtime on Saturday and 
las been condemned by politi- 
cians of all parties. 

. Shoppers screamed and 
dived for cover as the foots 
tang but, but women ran to 
the. patrol car screaming “get 

constable of the RUC trav- 
elled immediately to the town, 
on hearing of the latest attack 
which brings to 10 the number 
of R UC and RUC reserve 
officers killed this year andio 
233stoce the troubles began to 

The dead were Conrtable 
Karl Blackbourne, aged 19, 
stogje, from An trim, whobad : 
joined the force seven months 
ago; Sergeant Peter Kilpatrick; 
aged 27, married with a son 
aged one, from Carrickfesgus 
who joined the RUC in 1977;- 
and Constable Charles Allan, 
aged 37, married with a son, 
aged 11, and a daughter, aged 
eight, from Waiingstown, Co 
Down, who joined the police, 
in 1983. ■ - 

The killings were con- 
demned by. Father Arthur 
Newry Cathedral near by. He 
Said the men who hadcarried 

The police were amazed 
yesterday to find font ft® 
accident which caused a four- 
hour hold-up on the MZ7 
involved their own accident 

prevention caravan. 

The caravan and the Range 
Rover towing it overturned- 
minutes after leaving 
Rownhams service station on. 
the M27 near Southampton, 
where it had been condnctmg 
a prevention campaign for 
three days, . 

It bloated two lanes of the 
bitty motorway. • • ' 

The driver. Police Consta- 
ble John Harrison, was not. 
hurt but. Police Constable 
Alan Stffl, his passenger, re-: 
ceived slight back injuries and 
was released from ho spita l : 
after treatment “For some 
inexplicable reason the whole: 
rig overturned,” the. police 

Lord Brocket is bong sued 
for £57 

£:■ , .... 



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tnem out, get them out” until .them out could not be. called 
they grenade and men Christians, let aibneCSthoIics. 

shouted to keep away in case it 

gunmen had taken 
advantage of the regularity 
with which patrol cars parked 
in the area and afro the fact 
that the officers h«d opened 
the doors of the .heavily 
fortified vehicle because of foe 

. Mr Seamus Mallon, 5odal 
Democratic an d la b our Party 
MP '.for NewiyAnns^h, issued 
one of his. strongest condem- 
nations yet of republican ter> 
ronsts wfaom-he described as 
“evil, squalid ..and vicious 
men"- who' had carried cot an 
act of savagery. ;> ■ 

The Rev |an Paisley, blamed 


officers from the towns Ed- agreement and sai^ ^The 
ward Street station who have Wood of these men is finnty 
sow had 16 cofleagnes killed on the garments of EtzGeraM ■ 
to foree^ incidents smee Febru- and Margarct Thjflcho’/T^ty 
1985. . sowed foe wind andvwj* 

John Harmon, chief, now reaping foe 

”& s 


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By Peter Davenport 

Another victim of the Hum- 
berside train crash died in 
hospital yesterday as investi- 
gators from British Rail and 
the Department of Transport 
tried to establish not only the 
cause or the accident but also 
why the loss of life was so 

The latest death was that of 
Wayne Meinke, aged 1 1. who 
was a passenger in the van hit 
by the train on an -unmanned, 
gateless crossing. 

His death, in Hull Royal 
Infirmary, brought the total of 
those killed to nine, among 
them three members of a 
family, and three teenagers. 
Last night 1 1 other passengers 
were still in hospital,. 10 of 
them seriously injured. 

British Rail denied thaL the 
system of audible warning and 
flashing lights on the crossing 
near the village of Lockington, 
north of Hull, had not been 
working properly in the week 
before the accident. 

- Some local residents com- 
plained during the weekend 
that the warning lights had 
been malfunctioning. But a 
British Rail spokesman said 
the system was monitored 
automatically every day and 
physically checked by signal 
engineers once a week. 

The .check was last carried 
out on July 23 when every- 
thing was working correctly. 
'Although further detailed 
tests on the mechanism were 
to be carried out after the 
accident, initial checks on 
Saturday showed that the 
system had been working at 
the time. 

■ At the maximum permitted 
line speed of 70 mph an 
approaching train triggers the 
warning system at 1.2SG yards 
distance. First there is a steady 
yellow light for three seconds 
followed by flashing red lights 
for 34 seconds, longer it the 
train is travelling at less than 
maximum speed, all accompa- 
nied by an audible warning. 

There are plans to modern- 
ize 22 further level crossings 
to the unmanned variety on 
the Hull-Bridlington line, the 
scene of the crash, in the next 
four years at a cost of 
£1.4 million. 

Yesterday British Rail* said 
.that although it would have to 
take heed of any recommen- 
dations from the subsequent 
Department ofTrajasiori in- 
quiry the accident was’, not 
expected to have any influ- 

ence on . the modernization 

“This type of crossing is 
perfectly safe if correctly used 
by pedestrians and road 
users,” a spokesman said . 

There was no suggestion, he 
said, that the driver of the 
train, who was badly injured 
had been exceeding the speed 
limit or that the crossing 
warning system had not been 
working correctly. 

Normally it is the occupants 
of the vehicle involved that 
suffer the worst consequences, 
but in Saturday's accident the 
leading coach of the four- 
coach 9.33 Bridlington to Hull 
train rose in the air on impact 
and jacknifed backwards on 
itself before luiching down the 

The coach then, crashed 
down on passengers who had 
been flung clear and most of 
the dead and seriously injured 
were from the lead coach. 

British Rail engineers arc 
anxious to establish just why 

the coach should have reared 
up in this way increasing the 
death and injury ioIL 

Police who are also con- 
ducting their own inquiry into 
the crash said yesterday that 
they were anxious to trace the 
occupants of two vehicles near 
the crossing at the time of the 
accident and who may have 
crucial evidence. 

Those who died in the 
accident were named yester- 
day as: Mr Alfred Masters, 
aged 74, and his wife Elsie, 
aged 67, of Hop Grove, Hull, 
and their daughter, Mrs Chris- 
tine Quinn, aged 30, of Lam- 
bert Street, also Hull; Joan 
Wilson, aged 60, of Scarbor- 
ough Road, Bridlington; Hel- 
en Lodge, aged IS, of Wold 
View, Wetwang, near 
Driffield; Gregory Addison 
and Wayne Telling, both aged 
16, and both of Driffield, and 
Miss Annette Stork, aged 22, 
also of Driffield. 

Wayne Meinke, who died 
yesterday, lived at Railway 
Cottage. Lockington. 

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Cost factor limits 
use of barriers 

British Rail will admit, if 
pressed, that the main differ- 
ence between the “open” 
crossings like that near Hull, 
and that using barriers to keep 
road traffic off the railway is 
primarily one of cost But it 
does not admit that one is 
necessarily safer than the 
other (Michael Baily, Trans- 
port Editor, writes). 

It is. British Rail says, a 
matter of what type of crossing 
is appropriate for different 
traffic levels. Just- as a cross- 
ing between two coon by lanes 
does not have traffic lights, so 
a crossing between a country 
lane and a little used railway 
does not have barriers. 

_ There are five main catego- 
ries of level crossing: the 
choice of type depending on 
the density of road and rail 
traffic using it 

• 1 The traditional gated 
crossing, often with a level 
crossing keeper's bouse along- 
side, and a man to open and 
dose the gates by poshing 
them or by a wbeeL About half 
the 1,000 or so crossings by 
public road are still of this 
type, but are being phased out. 
British Rafl is d>stly, 
and less efficient because it 
takes longer to open and dose 
the gate, nd no more safe. 

• 2 Full-barrier crossings op- 

Chess rivals prepare 
for a bitter battle 

By Raymond Keene, Chess Correspondent 

lock as 
en are k®" 

Ru-i-rfF** .*,0* 

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The controversial match be- 
tween the two great Russian 
chess players, Gary Kasparov 
.and Anatoly Karpov, begins 
this evening at the Park Lane 
Hotel, London. 

The match itself will be 
biuer, not just on the chess- 
board but also in terms of 
hostile personal relations be- 
tween the various protago- 
nists. the youthful champion 
Kasparov, his dethroned rival 
Karpov and Mr Florencio 
Campomanes, president of 
FIDE, the world chess 

On more than one occasion 
"Kasparov has fiercely accused 
Mr Campomanes and FIDE of 
‘favouring his rival while ham- 
peri ng his own chances. 

However, at a press confer- 
ence.. Kasparov said: “Al- 
though I stand by all of my. 
previous statements, the com- 
ing months will see our battles 
resolved over the chessboard 
and not by a war of words.” 

Although the match is basi- 
cally funded by residual re- 
sources from the Greater 
London Council, there has 

- been an important last-minute 

- injection of cash by City and 
'■related institutions. This 

■ move, spearheaded _ by Save 
* and Prosper and British Air- 

ways, has put the World 

■ Match Organization in a firm 
.financial position. 

- Match costs are in excess of 
.*■ £700,000, but during the next 

month the investment which 
has helped to establish Lon- 
don as world chess capital 
should be handsomely repaid. 

Mrs Maigarei Thatcher last 
night officially opened the 
championship at the hotel's 
ballroom which was trans- 
formed into a gigantic chess- 
board with four huge chess 
rooks in the comers. These 
represented the Tower of Lon-’ 
don and St Basil's Cathedral 
Moscow, built by Ivan the 

The ballroom itself, boasts a 
distinguished past, having 
been selected as the reserve 
venue for Parliament if West- 
minster had been bombed 
during the Second World War. 

Parallel to the world cham- 
pionship will be the Common- 
wealth Championship and 
Lloyds Bank Masters, being 
held at the Great Eastern 

Kasparov and Karpov have 
earned international acclaim 
by donating their entire 
£160,000 prize fund to the 
victims of the Chernobyl 
nuclear disaster. 

• An iron curtain is believed 
to have been thrown around 
(he two players until the 
completion of the finals at the 
end of August. They are being 
held at separate secret ad- 
dresses and are likely to stay 
behind closed doors, except 
when they are playing. 

' erated from signal boxes, ei- 
ther visually or with closed 
circuit television. This is the 
dense-traffic system which has 
warning lights on the ap- 
proach mail and separare 
barriers on both left and right 
lanes, and on both entrance 
and exit roads. It is activated 
by a signalman in association 
with the rail signals, and stops 
road vehicles by both warning 
lights and barriers. 

• 3 Automatic half barrier, as 
much used on the Continent, is 
similar but has only two arms, 
each extending halfway across 
the road on the approaching 
lane. Its disadvantage is that 
motorists can take a chance by 
rig-ragging through, a practice 
that has often proved fatal. 

• 4 Automatic open crossing, 
for less busy roads, has warn- 
ing lights but no barriers. This 
is the type used near HnlL The 
decision to use these rather 
than (3) above Is taken by 
British Rail on grounds of 
traffic level. Local authorities, 
who are invariably consulted, 
can request a more sophisti- 
cated system, and pay the 

• S Various lesser forms of 
open crossings with warning 
lights or sighs for minor roads 
and tracks, and perhaps as few 
as one train a day or week. 

6 One door’ 
for injury 

By Tradi McIntosh 
A “one-door entry” court 
i procedure for pereonal inju- 
j ries claims has been proposed 
by tbe-Law Society to speed up 
preliminary bearings. 

It makes the recommenda- 
, tion in response to a Personal 
Injuries Litigation Consulta- 
tion paper by the Civil Justice 
Review which called for a 
more streamlined system. 

The society recommends 
that all preliminary hearings 
involving personal injuries 
claims should start in a county 
court in the district where the 
plaintiff or defendant lives, 
works or where the accident 
occurred, or in the High 
Court's central office at the 
Courts of Justice. 

It also, proposes that the 
amount of time for. originating 
process sfaoufd be reduced to 
six months, and that judges 
should be provided with rele- 
vant documents prior to trial. 

The Civil Justice Review 
found that cases can take up to 
three years in the county court 
and four to six years in the 
High Cbun and that cases 
which settle can take as long as 
those that goiotriaL 
Probably The Right Problems 
- Certainty The Wrong Solu- 
tions. The Law Society Response 
To The Personal Injuries Litiga- 
tion Consultation ■ Paper from 
the Civil Justice Review. July 
1986 (The Law Society’s Hall 
IJ3 Chancery Lane, London 

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Priest’s relatives to sue 

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By Richard Ford 

• The relatives of a Roman 
“ Catholic priest are to take civil 
" .'action against the man in 
/ whose home he died after a 
~ |ate-ni^ht bedroom dispute 
over drinks. 

*’ Their, action may be for 

." damages and compensation for 

" the death of Father . Niall 

- Molloy, who died after a brief 
* straggle in a married couple's 

- .bedroom a year ago. 

An inquest jury at TuUa- 
' more, Co Offaly in ffie Irish 
1 Republic, decided on Saturday 
•that the priest died from a 
"I brain haemorrhage caused by 
.. serious injuries to the head. 

" • The verdict was greeted with 
« applause from members of the 
dead man's family and his 

- parishioners from Castlecoote 
‘ .in Co Roscommon. 

But the events leading to his 

- death and the actual struggle 
« that occurred have been unex- 

plained as three different ac- 
^ counts were given during the 

Fr Molloy, aged 52, had 
been a dose family friend for 
20 years of Mr Richard Flynn, 
a businessman, aged 48, and 
his wife Teresa, aged 47, and 
shortly before his death at 
their home, Kilcomsey House. 
Clara, Co Offaly, had attended 
the wedding of tbeir daughter. 

He had his own accommo- 
dation in their home, accompa- 
nied them on holidays and on 
the night he died had been, 
sitting on the end of their bed 
having a drink when according 
to Mr Flynn a “stupid 
argument” developed over who 
would get another drink. 

Mr Flynn said both his wife 
and the priest attacked him 
and he hit his wife once and Fr 
Molloy twice but then suffered 
a memory lapse until he saw 
both ofthem lying on the floor. 

Mrs Flynn said she took a 
sleeping tablet and remem- 
bered waking to find her 
husband in bed beside her and 
the priest sitting at the end of 
the bed. but remembered noth- 

ing till she regained coosoohs- 

ness as she lay on the floor. 

The family's doctor. Dr 
Daniel O'Sullivan, said be 
remembered Mr Flynn telliiq» 
him that an argument had 
developed downstairs but Mr 
Flynn says he did not say thaL 

The deputy coroner, Mr 
Brian Mahon, mid the jnry | 
that Mr Flynn's account of the 
assault had failed to answer 
some serious questions. 

After the hearing Mr Ian 
Maher, a cousin of the dead 
priest, said that this was the 
first time that the case had 
been judged by the plain 
ordinary people. 

Neither Mr Flynn nor his 
wife was in court for the 
verdict but afterwards their 
son, David, said the family 
wished to offer sympathy to 
the Molloy family. 

“We have been through a 
very difficult time over the 
past year and it was made 
more difficaJf because we 
knew things and could not 
explain them before now.” 

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Drivers went through tbeir paces on Britain's new road race circuit in Birmingham yesterday, reaching speeds of 133 mph. 
The ckuit was bnitt at a cost of £1.5 million and race organizers believe that no other circuit in the world has the same farili- 
tv for overtaking and for speed. The public will be able to see for themselves on August Bank holiday Monday. 

Hospices accused over Aids patients 

The Royal College of Nurs- 
ing has criticized the hospice 
movement for refusing to care 
for people with Aids (acquired 
immune deficiency syn- 
drome). The college claims 
that hospices are not admit- 
ting people with the disease 
through fear of losing local 
financial community support. 

“The hospice movement is 
failing in its responsibility to 
care for Aids patients.” Mr 
Richard Wells, the college's 
adviser in oncology nursing, 
said yesterday. “They will not 
take these patients in case 
their voluntary contributions 
dry up.” 

One or two hospices admit- 
ted Aids patients only if they 
had cancer and one hospice 
bad said it would take a 
woman with Aids but not a 
man, Mr Wells said. 

Health service staff have 
also come up against the same 
difficulty. Mr John Shine, 
nurse counsellor at St 

Stephen's Hospital Fulham, 
south-west London, which has 
treated many of the country's 
362 Aids cases, said he had 
approached several hospices 
which had refused to take 
those patients. 

“They fear they will have to 
make structural alterations, 
which they will not, and they 
are worried about scaring off 
the old ladies who knit the 
blankets and jumpers.” 

Plans to build the first 
hospice specifically for people 
with Aids are also being 
threatened by local opposi- 
tion. News of the £2 million. 
26-bed residential hostel to be 
housed in a converted school 
in Notiing Hill west London, 
has initialed an anonymous 
leaflet from local residents 
objecting to the scheme. 

. The leaflet warns residents 
of “far-reaching consequences 
to the local community” if the 
centre is builL A group of 
residents has also lobbied 

local councillors and sent a 
petition to Kensington and 
Chelsea Borough Council de- 
manding that the scheme be 

Proposals for the scheme, 
which will provide a range of 
services for both people diag- 
nosed with the disease and 
those who have the Aids- 
related virus, HIV. will go to 
the council's planning sub- 
committee tomorrow. 

The project, known as Lon- 
don Lighthouse, will be run by 
a newly registered charity of 
the same name. 

It includes Mr John Fitzpat- 
rick, chairman of the Terrence 
Higgins Trust steering group, 
and Mr Peter Randall co- 
founder of Body Positive. 

Mr Fitzpatrick said it was 
understandable that people 
were worried about an Aids 
hostel but emphasized that 
iheir fears were misplaced. 
“The centre will present no 
medical threat, or any threat 

at all to the local community.” 

The charity estimates it will 
need £2 million to set up the 
project and a further £250.000 
a year for running costs. 

It has already secured a 
£50.000 donation and a 
£650.000 interest-free loan 
from the John Paul Getty 
Junior Charitable Trust and 
£100.000 from the Delamere 

London Lighthouse, to be 
used as a model for similar 
projects around the country, 
aims to care both for those 
well enough to leave hospital, 
but not well anough to go 
home and those needing ter- 
minal care. 

“Till now Aids has been 
seen as a medical problem.” 
the group's founder. Mr Chris- 
topher Spence, said. “But 
what is happening in the 
National Health Service is not 
enough. Once people leave 
hospital they do not get ade- 
quate community support.” 

are still 
by sewage 

By' Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

Sewage levels on some Brit- 
ish beaches are still higher 
than EEC “dean” levels, ac- 
cording to the latest survey by 

Samples taken by a microbl- 
ologist over four-day periods 
at different tides showed high 
levels at Blackpool and Great 
Yarmouth and at several 
Welsh and Cornish resorts. 

The Greenpeace surveys are 
not as thorough as those of 
local water authorities, but 
there is widespread concern 
about the lack of official 
information available. 

The Government does not 
expect the country's beaches 
to be folly dean until the end 
of the century and the results 
of its own investigation of 350 
beaches will not be published 
until next year. 

That leaves as the only 
informal guide local water 
authorities and the tests done 
on more than 600 beaches by 
the Bath-based Coastal Anti- 
pollution League. 

Mr Tony Wakefield, foim- 
der of the league, said that 
tests showed a third of beaches 
well dear of EEC limits, a 
third slightly above them and 
a third well above. 

The limits are based on the 
number of intestinal bacteria 
in water samples. “Weston- 
super-Mare. Minebead and 
Scarborough are all dis- 
gusting,” Mr Wakefield said. 
The Government issues fig- 
ures for only 27 crowded 
beaches — official bathing 
beaches under EEC rules. In 
the 1984 survey all but three — 
Fistral Newquay- Shore 
Road beach, Poole; and 
Oddicombe, Torquay — had 
sewage bacteria In samples. 

Samples of bacteria were 
highest at Ryde and Shanklin 
in the Isle of Wight; at 
Goodrington Sands, Devon; 
Southend; St Ives and Wes- 
t on-sn per-M are. 


“You have to be strong inside to live alone 
stuck in a wheelchair on the top floor of a 
tower block. At one time I felt like a prisoner 
in my own home: I didn’t get out for weeks 
on end. I got a bit fed up, though I sUll A 
had Chad, my songbird, for company.” 

In Britain, one household in M 
seven is inhabited by an old person j|| 
living on their own. One million 
have no regular visitors. Half a million 
have no living relatives. Over a million 
can’t walk without help. 

"After my husband died I felt I was just 
wasting away from loneliness. I used to just 
sit watching the shadows cross my sitting 
room wall. I knew I should be getting out 
and about more, but how, and where to? 
It’s not easy, not with a walking frame.” - 

For 20,000 old people every week 
that getting out and about is a Help the 
Aged minibus. 

Sometimes it’s their sole link with 
the community; 

"Honestly, before I drove this run I didn’t 
know what gratitude meant I’ve taken 
people to the shops for the first time in 
3 years. One old man wondered what 
happened to the trams. Often you can see 
their health improve just from contact with 
the other people at the Day Centre, and 
the outside world.” 


* * %\ 
/ •» " 


Help the Aged have helped fund 250 
minibuses for voluntary groups to run. 
We support Day Centres, Day Hospitals, 
provide Emergency Alarm Systems and 
support hundreds of other simple, prac- 
tical projects that combat the frailty, 
isolation and loneliness millions suffer, 
just because they’re old. 

"Old age takes away family, and friends, 
and your mobility, till there you are, just 
with the telly. And not all of us like telly, 
you know, we prefer people”. 

To find out more about our work, 
or to send a donation, please write to 
Help the Aged, 25 th Anniversary Appeal, 
Freepost, 62604, | 

St James’s Walk, 

London EC IB IBD. 

Help the Aged 




Russians face 
£10m bill for 

fallout losses 

found to 
be worst 

to UK farmers 

British scientists are still 
learning from the Chernobyl 
nuclear power station 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

The Soviet Union could gei 
a bill of £10 million from the 
British Government to help to 
meet the costs to fanners 
caused by the Chernobyl 
nuclear disaster. 

Foreign Office lawyers are 
studying whether it is feasible 
in international law to charge 
the Russians for the losses 
suffered by farmers through 
the restrictions on the move- 
ment and slaughter of sheep in 
Wales. Scotland and Cumbria 
after the accident in May and 
the resulting spread of radio- 
activity across Europe. 

"Hie Government said on 
Friday that it accepted the 
case for making compensation 
payments to farmers. Mr Mi- 
chael Jopling. Minister for 
Agriculture, will be discussing 
the issue at a meeting with 
National Farmers’ Union 
leaders today. 

But Mr Jopling and other 
senior ministers believe that if 
at all possible the Russians 
should be made to pay up on 
the basis that “the polluter 

Mr Jopling warned the Rus- 
sian agriculture minister when 
he visited Britain three weeks 
ago of the concerns about the 

impact of the disaster on 
British farming. 

The Russians have already 
estimated the cost of the 
disaster to their own country 
at £2 billion. It is accepted 

that if Britain lodges a claim, 
others will follow from the rest 
of the European countries 

They have compiled a map 
showing the different levels of 
radioactivity across the conn- 
try' nbont 10 days after peak 
fallout on May 3, when die 
cloud had swept across Britain 
from western Europe. 

The map shows levels of 
caesium-137, the cloud's main 

The main problem for pro- 
ducers has been that because 
lambs have had to be kept on 
the farms they have become 
too fat to attract the special 
variable premium payments. 
Mr Jopling said on Friday that 
where such losses have been 
sustained and can be substan- 
tiated the Government would 
be prepared to meet them. 

It was at its most concen- 
trated iu Cumbria, west Scot- 
land and North Wales. The 
worst affected place was near 
Barrow-in-Furness. Cumbria. 

The National Farmers’ 
Union told Mr Jopling that 
the estimated loss on every 
lamb that had to be kept on 
the farm was £3 a week. 

Figures on the map repre- 
sent ”becq nereis" per square 
metre. A becqnerel is a mea- 
sure of the rate at which 
radioactive decay occurs, so 
the higher the figure, the 
higher the radioactivity. 
Barrow’s reading was 6,670. 

The figures, compiled by 
scientists from the Institute of 
Terrestrial Ecology, give a 
graphic indication of where 
fallout was worst. 

Although the restrictions 
are now being progressively 
removed more than one mil- 
lion and a half animals have 
been affected at one time or 
another, and £10 million is 
put by some sources as a 
conservative estimate of the 
overall cosl 

“The map shows we can 
identify distribution of fallout, 
and how this is caused by the 
climate at the time," Dr BOl 
Heal, who takes over as head 
of the institute's Mertewood 
Research Station at Grange- 
oter-Sands, Cumbria, on Fri- 
day, said. 

Action on peril from waste 

Top-level talks are under 
way within the Government 
on how best to deal with a 
future escape of genetic mate- 

"Hie discussions, involving 
scientists and officials, are 
being held at the same time as 
a state-funded research pro- 

gramme into the disposal of 
genetic waste and a study into 
the possible dangers of bio- 
technological by-products by 
the Royal Commission on 
Environmental Pollution. 

The Government first be- 
came aware of the new and 
ofien lethal by-products of 

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affects 22 

he is not 

of n 

a woman 

By Trad! McIntosh 

Eighteen passengers and 
four members of the crew 
have been struck so far by a 

r tric complaint since the P 
O liner, Canberra, sailed 
from Southampton last Mon- 
day on a 14-day- Mediterra- 
nean cruise. 

As the ship arrived at the 
Italian island of Elba yester- 
day a P & O official said-health 
officers and scientists were 
still trying to establish whether 
this latest outbreak is linked to 
ihe virus that left more than 
600 passengers and members 
of the crew ill on the ship's 
five previous cruises. 

Mr Brian MacDonald, man- 
aging director of Canberra 
Cruises, said the fact that only 
22 people had been affected so 
far was encouraging; 130 peo- 
ple had been affected by the 
same stage during the previ- 
ous cruise. 

He said four passengers 
became ill on Saturday. All 22 
people affected had recovered. 

Scientists believe that the 
previous outbreaks may have 
been caused by the Norwalk 
virus which is usually trans- 
mitted through water, food or 

Members of the BBC Welsh Symphony Orchestra celebrating the end of the Welsh Proms 
in St David’s Hall, Cardiff, on Saturday night with a programme that included the works oi 
Arnold, Holst, and Elgar, and two Welsh hymns. The proms are to become an a nn ual event. 

new technology' three years 
ago. when an unpublished 
report commissioned by the 
Department of the Environ- 
ment. gave a warning that 
such waste would double be- 
tween 1 98 3 and 1 990, and that 
new and unknown chemicals 
could cause; 

By Angella Johnson 

Mr Neil Kinnock, leader of 
the Labour Party, has to W a 
woman’s magazine how 
“bloody glad” be was not 
female, because whatever their • 
social class they are usually. ■ 
the poorest and the most- 
disadvantaged group in , 
Britain. _ , 

Mr Kinnock told Cosmopol- 
itan that his daughter, al- 
though more gifted than his 
son, was likely to suffer signif- 
icant inferior treatment during. . 
her life because she was 

“In terms of education, 
training, employment health, 
the disadvantaged are. 
women," lie said. “In my mind '. 
I see this whole spas for 
women, and it lies between an 
anlit walkway on a big estate, ' ■ 
through education, . training, _ 
poverty, pensions, through 
wife-beating and abuse." 

Mr fUnoock, promising his - 
allegience to the feminist 
cause, said one of his political 
ambitions was to make both 
his son and daughter true 
equals. “Not by depressing my 
son's opportunities, but by . 
elevating and nonnalizing my 

22,000 lift rescues 
made last year 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

The number of people 
trapped in lifts each year in 
England and Wales is equiva- 
lent to the population of a 
medium-size town, according 
to rescue figures which have 
been released for the first 

The number of limes the 
fire service was called to 
rescue people from lifts last 
year was 22, 100. However, the 
total number trapped could be 
at least twice that figure. 

Mr David Fazakeriey, direc- 
tor of the National Associa- 
tion of Liftmakers, said he was 
suprised and unhappy with 
the number of lift rescues. 
However, if the number of lift 
operations in one day were 
taken into account, it would 
not seem so dramatic There 
are 150.000 lifts in the United 
Kingdom which stop and start 
about 1 80 million times a day. 

The average workload for 
[ fire brigades ranges from. one* 
i call a week in the shire 
counties to more than 35 calls 
a day in London. - 

Mr Fazakeriey said there. 

were an enormous number of 
old lifts in Britain, many of 
which were more than 50- 
years old. They were perfectly 

safe but were going to break L 
down more often. “In those 

down more often. “In those 
days people built lifts like 
motor cars - to last for ever. 
They do work, not efficiently, 
but safely." 

Overloading is often a rea- - 
son for breakdowns. Mr Roy - 
Crisp, a station officer in the - 
London Fire Brigade, said at 
one stage firemen were being - 
called on average once a day to 
a lift used by people from the 
Middle East. Most could not 
speak English and were unable 
to read the warning about the 
limit on the number of 

Mr Crisp said he had seen 
people suffering from claus- 
trophobia who had torn their 
hands scratching at the lift 

“I would like to see more 
lifts wiTh - alarms . and 
telephones," he said. If you 
are stuck in a lift, his advice is 
to sit down and stay calm. 

selling its 

Privatized Per « urgi 

sewer plan 

i ■ ■■ j\ 

Americans with Welsh con- 
nections may be among the 
prestige hunters when a batch 
of manorial titles comes under 
the hammer in Cardiff in 

They are being sold by the 
University of Wales, which is 
seeking to raise cash from the 
social ambitions of those who 
would like to be lord of a 

Plans by Anglian Water to 
establish Britain's first priva- 
tized sewage works at a cost of 
£20 million have been 

-• '.:s 


The university acquired the 
titles after the Anglican 
Church in Wales was disestab- 
lished in 1913. 

.Agents handling the sale are 
reporting “phenomenal” in- 
terest and looking for bids of 
up to £10,000 for seven man- 
ors owned by the university in 
the Carmarthen area. Some 
titles carry sporting or mineral 
rights, but no land is involved. 

The water authority had 
intended to retain outside 
contractors to finance, design, 
build and operate the new 
works at Peterborough. Cam- 
bridgeshire, for the next 25 


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Mr Bernard Henderson, the 

authority chairman, said yes- 
terday that the project would 
still go ahead but they would 
pay Tor it themselves. “It was 
an exciting and feasible idea, 
but in the end it was the 
immensely involved issues of 
the scheme’s financing which 
forced us to modify our 

Science report 

Asronomers propose 
hunt for life in space 

V’’ v ‘ v 


By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

A search should be made for 
earth-like planets that could 
harbour living organisms, se- 
nior astronomers suggest in 
the current issue of the scien- 
tific journal, Nature. 

They propose putting a* 
large telescope in space that 
would measure infra-red sig- 
nals, revealing the presence of 
oxygen and other elements 
essential to life. 

The scientists say that the 
idea Is feasible because of 
advances in radioastroooiny 
and optical astronomy. Devel- 
opments have made it possible 
to scan stars for orbiting 
planets the size of earth and 
with similarly oxygen-rich 

But the instrument would 
have to be on a spacecraft to 
combat interference from the 
earth's atmosphere. 

The four astronomers, from 
the physics department of the 
Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology and the Steward 
Observatory at ttae University 
of Arizona, said that present 
opinion had dismissed the 
possibility of obtaining images 
of bodies as small as earth in 
the detail needed to analyse 
their atmospheres for indica- 
tions of life. 

Their plan of how a hunt for 
extraterrestrial life can be 
carried out is the subject of two 
reports iu this week's Nature. 
Although Mr Neville Woolf, ' 
from the University of Arizo- 

mers, said it was unlikely that 
the technology for patting op 
such a telescope could be 
developed before about 2020. 

“We are talking about a 
monstrous telescope with a 16- 
metre 1525 ft) mirror," he 
said. The telescope would also 
be kept at below minus 190C 

In comparison, the revolu- 
tionary space telescope which' 
was to have been placed in 
orbit in August, but which was 
delayed because of the acci- 
dent to the space shuttle, was 
only 25 metres (8.2 feet) in 

The pnrpose of the propos- 
als is to encourage the Ameri- 
can space agency, Nasa, to 
include a feasibility study of 
the project among its long- 
range plans for space science. - 

Toe technical details for the 
telescope have come from the 
Arizona-observatory. The way 
it would be used is described 
by Mr Bernard Burke, from 
. the Massachusetts Institute of 


Mr Woolf, and two Arizona 
university colleagues, Mr An- 
drew Cheng and Mr J. Angel, 
said in their paper that, once 
the telescope was in position, . 
several interesting candidate 
stars wonld lie within its 

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Priest brings message 
of hope and despair 
from Lebanon hostages 


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Like ihe shadows cast on 
the walls of Plato's cave, the 
dark world of the surviving 
American hostages in Leba- 
non was thrown into brief 
blinding but terrifying relief at 
the weekend when .a weary, 
middle-aged Roman Catholic 
priest from Illinois emerged 
from 19 months of secret 
imprisonment with a message 
of hope and despair for the 
families of three Americans 
still known to be alive in their 
kidnappers' hands. 

The hope was embodied in 
the Rev Lawrence Martin 
Jenco’s innate optimism and 
in his words of faith about his 
three fellow prisoners. 

The despair came in a grim 
yet deeply, moving video tape 
which be brought with him 
from Lebanon to Damascus in 
which Mr David Jacobsen, 
director of the American Uni- 
versity Hospital in Beirut — 
abducted in May last year — 
pleaded with the American 
Government to negotiate with 
his captors lest the remaining 
prisoners be murdered. 

They would be released 
from their captivity only “by 
death", he said, if the Ameri- 
cans did not concede to tbe 
kidnappers' demands. 

“I am very tired and I'm 
frustrated and to tell you the 
truth. I'm very angry,” Mr 
Jacobsen told the anonymous 
camera which filmed him in 
his unknown place of con- 

“Why won't the Govern- 
ment negotiate for our release? 
They have negotiated for oth- 
er Americans. Why not us?" 

Father J coco's release was a 
traumatic, emotional affair. 
His captors — from the ex- 
tremist Muslim Islamic Jihad 
movement— had released him 
near Lake Karaoun in the 
lower Befcaa Valley of Leba- 
non, whence he had been 
taken to Syrian military intel- 
ligence headquarters in Aanjar 
and thence to Damascus. 

Aware that the sister of one 
of the remaining prisoners — 
Terry Anderson, bureau chief 
of the Associated Press news 
agency in Beirut — was visiting 
Damascus, Father Jenco clim- 
bed from a Syrian government 
car after his liberation and 
cried out “Where is Terry 
Anderson’s sister?” He threw 
his aims around the bespecta- 
cled and emotional figure of 
the suburban housewife from 
Batavia, New York State. 
Both of them wept. 

Yet the demands of the 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

Islamic Jihad kidnappers 
seemed unclear yesterday. 
Originally, they had been de- 
manding the release of 1 7 men 
convicted in Kuwait for the 
bombing of the US and 
French embassies there in 
1983. But in their rhetorical 
statement announcing Father 
Jcnco's imminent freedom — 
and in Mr Jacobsen's 6'/i- 
minute video tape — this 
demand was not repeated. 

Were some other demands 
now being made? Mr Jacobsen 
claimed on tape that Father 
Jenco was taking “instruc- 
tions" to the American Gov- 
ernment But Father Jenco 
would not reveal the content 
before he left Damascus yes- 
terday morning for tbe Rhein- 
Main US airbase in West 

Even Mr Terry Waite, the 
Archbishop of Canterbury’s 
special envoy who made three 
visits to the kidnappers in 

Tbe Reagan Administration, 
though pleased at tbe release 
of Father Jenco, last night 
reinforced Its refusal to deal 
Tor the freedom of remaining 
US hostages (UP I reports 
from Washington). “We shall 
be working very hard to secure 
the release'* of the others, the 
White House said. “Bot we’re 
not going to give in..." 

Beirut last winter, suddenly 
turned up in Damascus from 
Amman to accompany Father 
Jenco on his flight to 

Discretion appears to be a 
quality which now involves 
kidnappers, captives and gov- 
ernment officials. 

Islamic Jihad is part of the 
Iraqi opposition Dawaa party 
which is demanding the over- 
throw of President Saddam 
Hussein of Iraq; and the Gulf 
war against Iran is going badly 
for Iraq just now. 

Be that as it may, Mr 
Jacobsen's appeal for himself, 
Mr Anderson and for Mr 
Thomas Sutherland, Dean of 
Agriculture at the American 
llniversity of Beirut — tbe 
third captive known to be 
alive in Lebanon — was a sad 
and powerful message. 

He wanted tbe US Govern- 
ment and the families of the 
hostages to know, he said, 
“that we are alive, that we are 
reasonably weH. that we are 
provided with the basic neces- 
sities of life, thavwe remain 
faithful to God, to our moral 
and ethical principles, and we 

arc determined lo be free 
again . . . We remain for away 
from borne, hostages in a 
foreign land, hoping to be free, 
discouraged, and existing in a 
very unpleasant condition of 
maximum security imprison- 

Mr William Buckley, the 
American Embassy political 
officer in Beirut kidnapped in 
March 1984, had been “ex- 
ecuted” because the Ameri-, 
cans would not negotiate, he 
said. Islamic Jihad had al- 
ready made this claim. 

Mr Jacobsen said little 
about his two fellow prisoners 
apart from listing their period 
of confinement — “Terry”, be 
commented, bad been hdd for 
496 days — but there was a 
note of genuine grief in some 
of his words, even though they 
must have been approved and 
probably inspired by his 

“There are days when I 
believe that the (American) 
Government really doesn't 
care about me and that we've 
been totally abandoned. It 
seems to me that my Govern- 
ment, or at least my President, 
might be a prisoner of an 
absurd subservience to the 
political principle position of 
'We will not negotiate with 

“Just remember that one 
person's terrorist may actually 
be someone else’s freedom 
fighter . . . Please forgive me if 
I give the impression that 1 
feel I’m one of General 
Custer’s men — or one of the 
men at the Alamo waiting for 
help to arrive. You know the 
end of their stories. Pray that 
ours will be happier.” 

US television networks 
broadcast large sections of the 
video tape, privately alleging 
that the White House had 
tried to dissuade them from 
showing the film. “The lime to 
negotiate is now,” Mr Jacob- 
sen said at the end of his 
message. “In this game of life, 
we’re in the ‘overtime’ period. 
And ’ties’ arc not permitted to 
end this game ” 

Islamic Jihad had made the 
same point earlier. “This will 
be the last gesture on our 
part,” it said. 

Father Jenco tried to appear 
optimistic yesterday. “1 have 
high hopes for the release of 
my three friends and fellow 
prisoners and other hostages,” 
he said before he left Damas- 
cus. “Now 1 need time to pray 
then reflect on the events of 
the past two days.” 

Father Jenco waring as he arrives at the Rhein-Main US 
airbase after having been held hostage in Lebanon. 

Aral* anger | Soviet-US 

Peres urges Bush to hurry to Cairo 

From Ian Murray 

Mr George Bosh, the Amer- 
ican Vice-President, was urged 
last night to use his influence 
to persuade Egypt to complete 
negotiations quickly to nor- 
malize relations with IsraeL 
Mr Bush, at the start of a 
12- day Middle East tour 
which also includes Jordan 
and Egypt, had a private 
meeting with Mr Shimon 
Peres, the Israeli Prime Min- 
ister, and Mr Yitzhak Shamir, 
who is to take over as Prime 
Minister in October. 

He found that Mr Pere s was 
anxious for help to hurry 
Egypt through the negotiating 
process so that a summit 
meeting between himself and 
President Mubarak could be 
arranged before October. 

Mr Peres also briefed him 
on his meeting last week with 
King Hassan of Morocco and 
stressed that moderate Arab 
leaders now needed maximum 
American help if they were to 
lead the way in peace 

Mr Abraham Sofaer, the 
US State Department legal 
advisor, has been in Cairo for 
tbe past week trying to put 
together a document on arbi- 
tration for disputed border 
areas between the two coun- 
tries which is expected to be 
discussed by negotiators from 
both sides in Beersheba later 
this week. 

American sources say that 
little remains at issue and that 
Mr Peres therefore hopes that 
an extra posh from Mr Bush 
may be enough to end the 
protracted argument. 

Mr Peres was yesterday 
given unanimous support by 
bis Cabinet when he reported 
on the 10-poutt plan be had 
left in Morocco for consider- 

Israeli Cabinet 
names Modai 

Tel Aviv (Reuter) - The 
Israeli Cabinet yesterday ap- 
proved the appointment of Mr 
Avraham Sharir, the Israeli 
Tourism Minister, to replace 
Mr Yitzhak Modai. the J usticc 
Minister who resigned last 
week after insulting Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Prime 
Minister. . .. 

Mr Sharir will keep nis 
present post in addition to 
taking on the duties of the 
Justice Minister until October 
when Mr Petes and Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir, the Foreign 
Minister, exchange posts. 

Mr Peres's Labour Party has 
demanded that Mr Modai s 
resignation be upheld after the 
swap, but the Likud insists 
that he he allowed to return 


a yarmulka to kiss tbe Western Wall in 
era visit to the Holocaust raemoriaL 

atioo by King Hassan. Mr within tbe Labour camp to 
Shamir agreed that tbe plan shift Israel’s negotiating posi- 
did not go beyond the uegotiaf- P°° 
mg position of tbe coalition a 

Govermnent and that it was 

therefore l^le for himto Sl^^SSSSSS^ 

^ becocnes (PLO) had to represent the 
Prime Minister. Palestinians in any 

There are. however, moves negotiations. 

Moderates take strong 
lead in Thai election 

forces King 
from post 

From Robert Fisk 

King Hassan of Morocco 
yesterday resigned his chair- 
manship of the Arab summit 
— held infrequently under the 
auspices of the Arab League — 
because of the hostility of 
Syria and other Arab states to 
his meeting last week with Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
Prime Minister. 

In a letter lo Mr Chedli 
KJibi, secretary-general of the 
league, be said he did not want 
Morocco to be an obstacle to 
summit meetings which may 
be held in the near future. 

The King evidently hopes 
that a summit conference can 
yet be convened to discuss bis 
talks with Mr Peres. He 
realizes, however, that Moroc- 
co is now in no position lo , 
summon such a meeting. 

The discussions between 
King Hassan and the Israeli 
leader are believed to have 
been the focus of further talks 
at the weekend between Presi- 
dent Assad of Syria and King 
Husain of Jordan. The Jorda- 
nian monarch travelled to 
Damascus on Saturday for 
two meetings — one of them 
held in tbe strictest privacy — 
with Mr Assad, after which the 
Syrian leader held a banquet i 
in King Husain's honour. , 
• TEL AVIV; Mr Moulay 
Ahmed Alaoui. Morocco's 
Minister of State, said that the 
meeting between King Hassan 
and Mr Peres was a long-term 
success and an historic turning 
point, despite the King’s ini- 
tial gloomy assessment of it 
(Reuter reports). 

He told two Israeli newspa- 
pers, Davor and the Jerusalem 
Post. “There is from now on, 
without a doubt, a substantive 
and psychological change in 
relations between Israel and 
the Arab states”. 

But Mr Abdellatif Filali. the 
Moroccan Foreign Minister, 
was less positive. “We thought 
the Israelis were ready to lake 
a step towards the Palestin- 
ians. In any event, we feel that 
it was necessary to do what we 
did ... that is, to start a 

He said that the most 
positive outcome of the meet- 
ing was that Mr Peres now 
understood the fundamentals 
of the 1982 Fez Arab summit 
plan, which Israel has always 

The plan calls for the with- 
drawal of Israel from Arab 
territories captured in the 
1967 Middle Past War and the 
establishment of an indepen- 
dent Palestinian state. 

Meanwhile, the Libyan 
news agency Jana said tbat the 
people's grass-roots congress- 
es had called for a tribunal to 
be set up to judge King 
Hassan’s “betrayal” of the 
Arab cause over his meeting 
with Mr Peres. 


Africans meet on sanctions 

OAU to condemn Britain 

Addis Ababa (Reuter) — 
African leaders meeting here 
ioday will consider measures 
proposed by their foreign min- 
isters lo press Britain to 
reverse its opposition to sanc- 
tions against South Africa. 

Conference sources said 
yesterday that the ministers, 
who were preparing an agenda 
for the Organization of Afri- 
can Unity (OAU) summit, 
also advised their heads of 
state and government to con- 
demn France, IsraeL West 
Germany and the US for 
economic and nuclear co- 
operation with Pretoria. 

They singled out the British 
Government, however, for 
“its relentless campaign ag- 
ainst the imposition of com- 

prehensive and mandatory' 

The United States was also 
given special condemnation 
for its policy of “constructive 
engagement" which the minis- 
ters said gave succour to South 

The resolutions did not 
propose any reprisals against 
Washington, but their lan- 
guage surprised Western dip- 
lomats who had confidently 
predicted that the ministers 
would drop the condemnation 
of Washington and the clause 
suggesting reprisals 3gainst 

The heads of state can 
amend the ministers’ recom- 
mendations and these take 
final form only when adopted 
in the summit’s closing ses- 

sion due on Wednesday. 

The sources say that the 
motion on sanctions and 
Western states, untouched 
since first drafted by the OAU 
liberation committee, had a 
good chance of sailing through 
the summit in identical form. 

But diplomats note that its 
tone is more strident than the 
reality behind the proposals. 
The anti-British paragraph, 
for example, leaves African 
and other countries free to 
choose what steps to take, and 
mentions sports boycotts, eco- 
nomic measures and breaking 
diplomatic relations only as 

A resolution on transport 
links similarly appeared to fall 
short of hardline Nigerian 

Methodist Border death fence 
for to halt alien influx 

003' COll From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

more likely 

From Christopher Thomas 

The prospects of a US- 
Soviet summit meeting in 
Washington this year sndden- 
|y look brighter. Mr Alek- 
sandr Bessmertnykh, a Soviet 
deputy foreign minister in 
charge of American relations, 
meets Mr George Shultz, tbe 
US Secretary of State, today i 
to discuss the agenda. 

The meeting is regarded as a 
prelude to talks between Mr 
Shultz and Mr Eduard Shev- 
ardnadze. the Soviet Foreign 
Minister, in New York at tbe ! 
end of September, at which the 
date for a summit meeting , 
might be seL 

Moscow has said that a 
meeting is contingent on the 
likelihood of progress in arms 
control talks. Mr Reagan's 
formal response, delivered on 
Friday, to proposals offered by- 
Mr Mikhail Gorhmcfaov, the 
Soviet leader, is being de- 
scribed by Administration of- 
ficials as conciliatory on tbe | 
question of the Strategic De- 
fence Initiative. 

Although the contents of Mr 
Reagan's letter are secret, 
officials say that he offered to 
delay deployment of any new 
space-based weapons for five 
to seven years in exchange for 
an agreement that such weap- 
ons could be deployed by one 
or both countries thereafter. 

Tbe offer may not be as 
generous as at first appears, 
since it is likely to be at least 
fire to seven years in any case 
before the US is ready to 
deploy defensive weapons in 

Dr Allen Mense, deputy 
chief scientist of the Star Wars 
project, told The Times on 
Friday that by the early 1990s 
the Defence Secretary should 
have enough information to 
allow him to tell the President 
what kind of system could be 
deployed in space 

“It will not be a system that 
is 90 per cent capable,” be 
said. The object would be to 
“minimize tbe maximum 
risk”. Because of big reduc- 
tions in the programme’s bud- 
get it would not be passible to 
present as many different 
methods of intercepting mis- 
siles as had been hoped. 

“Our Congress is putting 
the country at risk,” he said. 
He was not confident tbat in 
tbe 1990s the political decision 
would be made to go ahead 
with deployment. 

call for 
a boycott 

From Charles Harrison 

The World Methodist 
Council, with 500 members 
representing 90 countries, has 
called for comprehensive eco- 
nomic sanctions against South 
Africa to make possible a less 
violent resolution of its 

The council's resolution, 
adopted here at tbe weekend 
after an emotional discussion, 
was endorsed by the 2.500 
delegates at the 15th World 
Methodist Conference. 

The only abstainers were 
some members of the delega- 
tion from the Methodist 
Church of Southern Africa. 

The resolution calls on 
Methodist bodies to remove 
any funds from corporations 
or banks that have ties with 
South Africa, and calls on all 
governments to adopt a policy 
of mandatory sanctions. 

It also seeks the immediate 
release of Mr Nelson Mandela 
and other political prisoners, 
an end to the state of emergen- 
cy, an end to apartheid and 
negotiations for a political and 
economic future based on 
equal rights. 

South Africa has built an 
electrified death fence along 
part of its border with Mozam- 
bique to keep out refugees 
fleeing from the Renaino 

Tbe fence, more than eight 
feet high, stretches IS miles 
south from the Komatipoort 
border post to the edge of the 
Kangwaue Bantostan. 

South Africa’s huge Kroger 
game park {tanks the border 
north of Komatipoort and 
some of tbe refugees trying to 
reach sanctuary m Sooth Afri- 
ca through tbe park have 

ties insist that tbe fence has 
been built only to prevent 
cattle and stock thefts and 
illegal border crossings. But 
there can be little doubt that it 
is also designed as an obstacle 
for African National Congress 

South Africa says 60,000 
“so-called refugees” have fled 
from Mozambique to escape 
the fighting between Frelimo 
and Renaroo. 

Most of them have taken 
refuge in tbe homelands of 
Gazanknln, Lebowa, Kang- 
wane and KwaZulu. The 

fallen prey to lions and other South African Government is 
predators. More have been providing short-term aid such 
lulled on the Mozambique side as shelter, food, dothing and 
of the border which is laced medical assistance. 

with mines laid by Frelimo 
Government troops. 

The electrified fence is doe 
to be switched on on August 1. 
It stands between two other 
high fences designed to pre- 
vent innocent people or ani- 
mals making contact with it 

There are also, according to 
official estimates, between 
160,000 and 170,000 “illegal 
job seekers” from Mozam- 
bique in South Africa. 

The South African and Mo- 
zambican governments have 

A South African military not spoken to each other for 
spokesman said: “It is unlike- nearly a year about the refugee 

ly that even a very determined 
person or creature could get 

problem, according to Vice- 
Admiral Ronnie Edwards, 

over or through that fence. It is Secretary of tbe Nkomati Ac- 
— j *» cord signed between tbe two 

high and lethal.' 

Tbe South African autbori- countries nearly two years ago. 

Civil Guard mourn Firebomb 
victims of terror 

From Harrv Debelins, Madrid O 

From Harry Debelins, Madrid 
Mourners prayed over flag- ly shot in Madrid in 1978 by 

draped coffins at Civil Guard 
police headquarters in tbe 
Spanish city of Logrono yes- 
terday for the latest two 
victims of terrorism. 

In the Basque city of San 
Sebastian, meanwhile, ann- 
ex tremisi marchers prepared 
lo take to the streets after a 
night of violent clashes be- 
tween police and pro-separat- 
ist demonstrators. 

The dead in Logrono were a 
Civil Guard policeman and 
police lieutenant, blasted by a 
booby-trap on Saturday morn- 
ing when they went to investi- 
gate the rocket-grenade shel- 
ling of their barracks near San 

The lieutenant. Senor 
Ignacio M ateu, aged 27. was 
the son of a Supreme Court 
justice and former political 

the military wing of Eta, the 
militant Basque separatist 

The leader of the anli-Eia 
marchers in San Sebastian. 
Senorita Cristina Cuesta. is 
also the child of an Eta victim. 
Her father, a telephone com- 
pany executive, was shot to 
death in the city earlier this 

The unauthorized demon- 
stration to protest against the 
deportation from France of 
Eta leaders turned into a series 
of hit-and-run clashes on Sat- 
urday night between police 
and about 500 Eta sympathiz- 
ers. Dozens of people were 
treated for injuries. 

Police later removed barri- 
cades. including 12 city buses 
— two of which had been set 
on fire — and more than 60 

court magistrate bimself&tal- private cars. 

Gonzalez calls his new 
Cabinet together 

From Harry Debelins, Madrid 
The new Cabinet of Senor The full Cabinei: Prime Min- 
Felipe Gonzalez. Spain's So- kt?r Felipe Gonzalez. Vfce- 
ciaJisi Prime Minister, is to PrinwMimster Alfonso Guerra, 
meet for the fern time this 

afternoon after its members nando Ledcsn^Defence Narcis 

were sworn in on Saturday. Serra. Economy and Finance 

tk« r Carlos Solchaga, Interior Jose 

The four newcomers are: garrionuevo. Pnbtic Works and 
Senor Luis Carlos Urbanization Javier Saenz. Ed- 
Crotssterwho becomes Mims- ocariem and Science Jose Maria 
ter of Industry and Energy; MarayaiL labour and Social 
Senor Julian Garcia who is S*™* J™ 
Minister of Health- <fenor dBS F? «d Energy Luis Carlos 
Minister neaiin. 5>enor Croissier. Agriculture, Fisheries 

Virgil io Zapaiero former Sec- and Food Carlos Romero. Pob- 
reiary of State for Relations tic Administration Joaquin Al- 
with the Cortes (Parliament), munia. Transport, Tourism and 

«ho« department has .been 

Viigjlio Zapaiero former Sec- aod Food Carlos Romero. Pob- 
reiary of State for Relations tic Administration Joaquin Al- 
with the Cortes (Parliament), munia. Transport, Tourism and 

^ .department has been 

a , Spokesman Javier Solans. 

and Senor Manuel Chaves. 


who is named Minister of liamentary Relations Virgjlio 
Labour and Social Security. Zapaiero. 

Managua burns its bridges 

From John Carlin, Managua 

Isolationism — a declining The Hague condemning US 
regard in Nicaragua for the support for the Contras as a 

opinion of the West — is the 
outcome of the US Congress 
derision a month ago to grant 

violation of international law. 

The stage seemed set for the 
international community, m- 

just when their need for 
friends is greater than ever. 

Sandinista officials inter- 
view^ last week said they 
were only too well aw3re of the 

West Berlin (Reuter) — 
Petrol bombs destroyed two 
lents in a transit camp for 
Third World refugees using 
West Berlin as a gateway to 
West Germany, police said. 

Two refugees from Sangla- . 
desh were hurt by tear gas 
sprayed by unknown assail- 
ants over the weekend. In an 
incident last week, police 
broke up a fight between righl- 
and left-wing extremists in 
front of a tent housing refu- 
gees from Iran. 

Nunn slips 
to fourth 

Bienne. Switzerland (AP) — 
Eric Lobron. the West Ger- 
man grandmaster, won his 
sixth-round match to break a 
three-way tie for first place 
and stand alone in the lead at 
the Bienne International 
Chess Tournament 

John Nunn, a British 
grandmaster who had previ- 
ously led the tournament, 
dropped to fourth place after 
losing'to Lev Polugajevski. a 
Soviet grandmaster, in his 
first defeat of the tournament. 

Landslide toll 

Senise. Italy (Reuter) - The 
death toll in a landslide that 1 
destroyed two houses in this 
southern Italian village rose to 
eight when rescue workers 
recovered the body of a nine- 
year-old girl. Her brother and 
sister had earlier been found 

Cocaine catch 

Corunna (Reuter) — Span- i 
ish police arrested nine people 
and seized 1 58 lb of cocaine ■ 
with a street value of more • 
than £10 million on board a , 
Colombian trawler. 

Panther held 

New York (NYT) - Willie 
Roger Holden, aged 38, a 
former Black Panther who had 
been sought for 14 years in ’ 
connection with the hijacking ’ 
of a US airliner, was expelled . 
from France and arrived un- > 
der guard at Kennedy Imema- } 
tional Airport, where he was 1 
arrested by the FBI. 

Rome’s great SSH Deadly fungi 

dram robbery JftWi 

Bangkok (Reuter) — Thai- 
land's moderate Democratic 
Party took a strong early lead 
yesterday in a general election 
marred by at least six deaths 
and scattered border shelling 
from Vietnamese troops in 

Acknowledging Democratic 

wins in about a third of the 
results counted so far. Mr 
Bhichai Rattakul. the party 
leader, dropped heavy hints 
that He would support General 
Prem Tinsulanonda. the long- 
serving Prime Minister, in his 
next coalition. 

Mr Bhichai. who was a critic 
of the General’s expected re- 
turn to power through a 
constitutional loophole during 
the campaign; said that the 
country needed a stable gov- 

ernment through to the end of 

State-run television quoted 
a private polling firm as 1 
projecting the Democrats to 
win 116 of the 347 seats in 
Parliament, instead of the 200 
or so earlier assumed. 

General Prem, aged 65, was 
not a candidate but King 
Bhumipo! is expected to reap- 
point him under a law allow- 
ing unelected premiers. 

A senior police officer was 
found dead yesterday after his 
helicopter plunged into the 
Gulf of Thailand on a return 
trip from Ko Samui island in 
the south, the Interior Minis- 
try said. . . 

Two crewmen are missing 
and presumed dead and two 
others survived with injuries. 

fails by inches 

Rome (AP) - Police yester- 
day arrested six slime-covered 
men who had tunnelled their 
way to within inches of a post 
office’s underground vaults 
containing about £44 million 
worth of cash and stamps. 

Five of the gang were caught 
after they emerged from man- 
holes and the sixth was still 


“1 suffer from insomnia; I 

was just getting a little air 
before going back to sleep,” 
Ansa, tbe news agency, said 
one of the captured men told 
the chief of Rome's investigat- 
ing police. . ..... 

The man was wearing only 
his underwear when he came 
out of a manhole near the 
Tiber River, ANSA said. 

in the running of their war. 

The expulsion last week of 
two journalists of The Wash- 
ington Times caused little 
surprise here in the context of 
recent derisions to close the 
only opposition newspaper. 
La'Prcnsa. and to force into 
exile two senior Roman Cath- 
olic churchmen well known as 
opponents of the left-wing 
Sandinista regime. 

Bui supporters of the Gov- 
ernment in Latin America and 
West Europe are said to have 
been dismayed by the mea- 

The controversial decision 
in Washington significantly to 
escalate the war against a 
small country with which the 
United States still maintains 
diplomatic relations was fol- 
lowed two days later by a 
ruling at the World Court in 

around the Sandinistas. 

Then, to the frustration of 
pro-Sandinista campaigners 
abroad, the Onega Gov- 
ernment came down hard on 
La Prensa and the Church, 
scoring an international pub- 
lic relations own goal. 

Efforts by the countries of 
Central America to hammer 
out a Contadora-inspired mo- 
dus vivendi received the latest 
of several recent body blows 
last weekend when President 
Ortega lashed out publicly at 
the governments of El Salva- 
dor. Honduras and Costa Rica 
for presiding over socially 
unjusL repressive systems. 

Sandinista leaders are being 
seen increasingly by some 
diplomats as rasfrand naively 
short-sighted, burning bridges 

“Our soldiers, our party 
workers in the war zones, 
needed a sign from the Gov- 
ernment that we weren’t going 
to stand weakly by as the 
United States stepped up tbe 
suffering of our people," says a 
senior Sandinisia official. Se- 
nor Rafael Solis. 

The wony is known to exist 
in Sandinista circles tbat the 
discontent generated by a war- 
asphyxialed economy may 
translate into support, at 
present still minimal, for the 

But however much support 
is lost abroad, and however 
much the Sandinistas tighten 
the screws internally, there are 
few outside the Contra camps 
who believe that the Sandinis- 
tas are in any danger of falling. 

Belgrade (Reuter) — Two . 
people died and more than 1 
200 were taken to hospital, six ! 
of them in critical condition, < 
after eating poisonous mush- < 
rooms in Bosnia, central Yu- { 
goslavia, the newspaper*” 
Pofitika said. ■ a 

Thai fire : 

Bangkok (Reuter) - At least 
five foreign tourists suffered 
from smoke inhalation when 
the luxury Rincome hotel 
caught fire in Chiang Mai. 
northern Thailand. 

Heroin haul 

Suez City (AP) - Egyptian 
authorities seized 66 lb of 
pure heroin from a Panamani- 
an-registered cargo ship wait- 
ing to pass through the Suez 
Canal en route to Belgium, 
port officials said. 

The new Citroen BX l9GTi is an exciting combination of 
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With aerodynamic spoilers fore and aft, low profile tyres, 
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Sports seating, performance instrumentation, electric 
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• -- -f. -■ - 

if a * * * 

THE TiMfca MONDAY JULY 28 iy»b 


waits in fear of more rioting 

From Michael Hamlyn, Delhi 

^5K-5L biuer . fe ? r hbn 6 November 1984 riots, but 

there is a long history of had 
feeling between the two com- 
munities in that area and very 
little is needed to spark further 

One man injured in police 
shooting there died in hospital 
yesterday -morning. Further 
curfews -have been damped on 
areas within the old city's 

Security forces had an im- 
pressive presence yesterday in 
the worst affected area of west 
Delhi. Tilak Nagar. 

Every crossroad was man- 
ned by a picket of police, and 
tough mountain troops of the 
Gurkha Regiment were pa- 
trolling to reassure inhabitants 
that all would be well. 

Seven infantry sections 
were disposed in the area, and 
other companies of the regi- 
ment were standing by. 

Elsewhere in the capital life 
was more or less normal 
Those markets which opened 
were not particularly busy. 

The prosperous Sikh centre 
of Karol Bagh was quiet for a 
Sunday, and many of the 
bazaar shops, where normally 
several hundred Sardanis — 
Sikh housewives — would be 
shopping for saris, were 
dosed. There was a rumour in 
the area that further trouble 
had occurred, but police de- 
nied knowing of it. 

A crude bomb explosion 
before dawn also startled resi- 
dents of the area. Police said 
that one person was injured 
when a device he was making 
went off. 

In the terrorist-haunted ar- 
eas of Punjab, the army also 
made its presence felt with 
“flag marches", threateningly 
determined shows of strength, 
in Bata la, Gurdaspur, Pathan- 
kot, Taran Taran and Fiateh- 
garh Churian. 

The army inarched in Am- 
ritsar too, but a curfew in force 
there at the weekend was 
lifted. The restriction had 
been imposed in view of a 
threatened genera) strike 
called by an all-party group to 
protest at the killings on the 
Muktsar bus. The curfew im- 
posed in Muktsar after the 
incident also continued-. . 

Mr Suijit Singh Bariiala, the 
Chief Minister of the state. 

j>ver the Indian capital yester- 
■day despite the curfew im- 
pose after Hindu mobs went 
On the rampage. The authori- 
ses crossed their fingers and 
hoped that they would be 
Spared a repetition of the 
dreadful events of the first five 
days of November 1984. 

\ But unlike 1984 security 
forces were quickly on the 
Streets at the weekend, deter- 
mined to stamp hard on the 
Vireatened outbreak of rioting 
between Hindus and Sikhs. 

-■ Hindus enraged by the ap- 
palling massacre of bus pas- 
sengers on the road from the 
Punjab town of Muktsar, in 
which 15 innocent men were 
fiddled with bullets by Sikh 
terrorists, rampaged through 
Jvestern and northern Delhi. 

■ Sikh temples, police sta- 
tions, and individual Sikhs 
became once more the target 
of Hindu rage, just as they had 
done- when news was released 
of die assassination of Mrs 
Indira Gandhi by Sikh mem- 
bers of her bodyguard. 

^ • 

; Gurkhas killed 

The army was ordered into the 
eastern Indian town of Kalim- 
poag yesterday after police 
shot dead eight Gur khas and 
founded five in riots sparked 
by a campaign for autonomy, 
Jbe Press Trust of India said 
(Renter reports from Delhi). 
jThe news agency said that 
police opened fire to disperse 
supporters of the Gurkha Na- 
fional Liberation Fron t 


J This time the authorities 
reacted immediately. Of the 
$ix people whose deaths were 
reported, four were killed by 
police bullets as the outnum- 
bered security forces battled 
the rioting mobs. 

J Police opened fire only after 
having failed to keep control 
Jrith baton charges and tear 
Delhi's police chiefs 
uickly called in the army to 
help to keep order. 

* Several areas of west Delhi, 
prhich is heavily populated 
with Sikhs, were put under 
gurfew, and the curfew was 
maintained rigorously. 

} But as rioting died down in 
one area it broke out in 
another, until the Hindu mobs 
gave up looking for Sikhs and 
attacked their more tradition- 

called an emergency meeting 
of his Cabinet m the capital, 
Chandigarh. He told members 
. w of his dash to Delhi to urge the 

$1 enemies, the M usluns of old central Government to protect 
pdhi. the innocent Sikhs there. The 

2 According to police the Cabinet appealed to all com- 
M uslims were accused ofhav- m unities for harmony, 
mg aided the Sikhs in the But in a startling front-page 

The Hindustan Times, usu- 
ally thought to be close to the 
thinking of the ruling Con- 
gress Party, said that “summa- 
ry and public execution of 
captured terrorists does not 
seem bestial or inhuman. 

''After all, mad dogs are de- 
stroyed in every well-ordered 

An even more threatening 
situation faces security forces 
in Delhi loday.when the lead- 
ers of the Bharatiya Janata 
Party, a staunchly Hindu 
chauvinist parly, have called 
for a one-day general strike in 
the city. 

^Brazil and 
k^lose to tie 

«•* From A Correspondent 
l Buenos Aires 
I When President Sansey of 
Brazil arrives in Argentina 
today, the two nations will pat 
the finishing touches to what 
2s being hailed on both sides as 
fn historic agreement to begin 
economic integration. 

J President Atfonsin of Ar- 
gentina said at the weekend: 
“We should end forever the 
competition between Brazil 
tind Argentina" given that the 
conditions to grow “in a joint 
Way have been achieved". 

J The accord to be signed 
tomorrow, the Genera) Agree- 
ment on Integration and De- 
velopment, is said to include 
It protocols which specify 
areas- in which trade is to be 
increased and complementa- 
tion started. • 

• President Sangcdnetti of 
Uruguay win also attend, but 
Uruguay's projected entry into 
4- hat enthusiasts call a “mini- 

f ommon Market” has yet to 
i discussed in detail. 

■-The main objective is to 
expand and balance trade 
between Argentina and Brazil, 
which has declined and for the 
past five years has been in 
deficit for Argentina. 

- Specific areas included in 
tjie protocols are: capital 
goods, trade in primary prod- 
ucts (wheat and iron ore), 
Bommanicatiops, gas, trans- 
port, petroleum and petroleum 
products, aircraft construction 
and perhaps nuclear energy. 

“ The possibility of increasing 
B ra Titian access to die histon- 
frlly-prntected market in Ar- 
gentina has caused, concern 
among Argentine businessmen 
Rho pointed to gaps in subsi- 
des and export experience. 

*- Argentine private sector re- 
sistance led ‘ Senor Joan 
Sonmmille, the Economics 
Minister, last week to meet 
leaders of the Argentine In- 
instrial Union, the principal 
fastness organization. He said 
jjhere will not be anything to 
surprise national industry in 
fa unfavourable way.” _ 

■ Tbe agreement, according to 
Argentine authorities, takes 
pto account tbe imbalance 
between the two economies. 

way for new start 

• •*. From A Correspondent, Lima 

A year after being sworn 
into 'office. President Garcia 
of Peru is expected to an- 
nounce fresh initiatives today 
to relaunch the Government 
on its announced effort to 
bring about sweeping changes. 

He restructured his Cabinet, 
making four changes, at the 
weekend. Dr Catios Blancas, a 
member of 1 the Christian 
Democrat Parly allied with 
Senor Garcia's own American 
Popular Revolutionary Alli- 

President Garda: pressing 
home fresh initiatives 

ance (Apra), was shifted from 
the labour portfolio to the 
justice ministry. 

Senor Orestes Rodriguez, 
an Apra veteran, took oyer 
labour, and Senor Javier 
Labarthe, an Apra deputy, 
became Minister of Fisheries. 
Sefior Luis Alva Castro, the 
Premier and Finance Minis- 
ter, was- confirmed in his 
position. . .v,. .... •. 

Opinion 'polls show that 
Senor Garcia, aged 37. still has 
strong political backing. , A 
leading independent polling 
agency. Datum, gives him a 76 
per cent approval rating. 

SenorGarcia has broken the 
moulds of traditional Peruvi- 
an politics, to the irritation of 
the opposition parties, of 
Apia's own senior leaders and 
of international financiers. 
Swept into office with more 
than half the valid votes cast 
in a general election in April 
1985. he has broadened his 
appeal with forceful public 
speaking and populist, nation- 
alistic policies. 

The left-leaning Govern- 
ment's political success has 
hinged on regaining control of 
the economy and raising pros- 
pects for growth. Monthly 
inflation has been cut to a 
third of its rate of 12 months 
ago by imposing price controls 
and freezing the exchange rate. 

U has increased local con- 
sumer ‘^demand by allowing 
modest* wage increases and 
reallocating fiscal spending for 
the underprivileged in shanty- 
towns and tbe countryside. 
Manufacturing output of con- 
sumer items has been in- 
creased by 10 per cent this 

The Government has made 
the chance to realign its 
domestic economic policy by 
unilaterally postponing debt 
payments. A year ago, Senor 
Garcia announced mat Peru 
would not spend more than 10 
per cent of export earning to 
service its SUSJ4 billion (£9.5 
billion) foreign debt 

Miss Carol Wise, an Ameri- 
can economist, described it as 
“a brilliant populist pro- 
gramme which could blow up 
m their feces”. 

Senor Garcia has also or- 
dered offensives against co- 
caine traffickers in the Amaz- 
on, dismissed more than 1,800 
top-ranking but ineffectual po- 
lice officers, and tried to 
reduce the cumbersome state 

But he has yet to succeed 
against the Shining Path guer- 
rillas, whose efforts to over- 
throw the Government have 
cost 8,000 lives in six 

The new Cabinet: 
and Finance Minister Luis AJva 
Castro. Ministry of the Presi- 
dency Nicanor Mojica, Justice 
Carlos Blancas, Agriculture 
Rcmigio Morales Bermudez, In- 
dustry Manuel Romero, Hous- 
ing Luis Bedoya Velez, Trans- 
port and Communications Josi 
Murcia. Energy and Mines 
Willredo Huaita. Planning Jav- 
ier Tania lean. Education Grover 
Pango, Health David Tejada, 
Interior Abel Salinas, Fisheries 
Javier Labarthe. Labour Orestes 
Rodrigues, Foreign Affairs Al- 
lan Wagner. War General Jorge 
Flores. Aeronautics General 
Jose Guerra. Navy .Admiral 
William Harm. 

Politicians arrested at Seoul protest 

vo oppos- 
ite among 
mis taken 

iral where 
v a prayer 
igainst the 
use of a 
y a police 

rces .said 

'vug - 

Riong, a 

... I'nrpS 

Democratic Party, were later 
released along with 19 others. 

When the protesters arrived 
at the cathedral to find it 
blocked off, they sat down and 
heard an impromptu address 
on the alleged abuse of Miss 
Kwon In Sook, aged 23. 

Earlier, the Government 
confined Mr Kim Dae Jung, a 
leading dissidenL to a hotel 
room to bar him from attend- 
ing the meeting. 

The Korea Overseas Infor- 
mation Service, a government 

agency, said that the Govern- 
ment banned the meeting 
because il was outside the 
regular services and because 
•■non-Christian political 
activists” were expected to 

The Government called 
Miss Kwon’s charges exagger- 
ated. but confirmed that she 
was twice beaten on tbe 
breasts after having been 
forced to undress during an 
interrogation after a 

Police arresting two men in the Delhi suburb of Tilak Marg after Hindus, infuriated by a 
massacre in the Punjab, rampaged through western and northern areas of the capital. 

editorial one of the more 
sober English-language news- 
papers in Delhi called for 
solutions to the Punjab prob- 
lem in a tone not unlike that of 
the west Delhi rioters. 

mob kills 

From Keith Dalton 

An irate mob in Manila 
yesterday clubbed and kicked 
to death a supporter of Presi- 
dent Aquino after riot police 
used tear gas to stop a rally by 
supporters of the former presi- 
dent. Mr Ferdinand Marcos. 

Police said that Mr Steve 
Rodriguez never regained 
consciousness after he was 
beaten in the Rizal Park, and 
died soon after having been 
admitted to the Philippine 
General Hospital near by. 

At least 10 people were 
injured, four of them by the 

Mr Rodriguez is the first 
death among many pro- 
Aquino supporters who have 
been beaten up during regular 
anti -government rallies. 

Defying a ban on demon- 
strations, - about 500 people 
held placards and chanted 
their support for Mr Marcos 
and his running mate in 
February’s presidential elec- 
tion, Mr Arturo Tolentino. 

They were given 10 minutes 
to disperse. When they re- 
fused, 400 policemen wielding 
truncheons chased them 
through the park, and fired 
tear gas and smoke bombs 
when they tried to regroup. 

• Grenade thrown: A hand 
grenade thrown into a US- 
Philippines military com- 
pound in the Manila suburb of 
Quezon- City on Saturday 
damaged a building but hurt 
no one, police and the US 
Embassy said (AP reports). 

‘Hot-hearted’ Albanians 
hunger for a republic 

In the first of two articles. 
Richard Bassett reports from 
Kosovo, where five years ago 
thousands of ethnic Albanians 
rioted, on the tensions between 
Serbs and A lbanians in 
Yugoslavia 's troubled southern 

Eight o'clock in the Seraz- 
ada ice-cream parlour in Pec, a 
few miles east of the Albanian 
frontier. Lurid views of Lake 
Garda, smiling photographs of 
Marshal Tito. Like most ice 
cream establishments in Yu- 
goslavia, tbe owners are 

Two Serbian conscripts en- 
joying their third meringue 
bomba exchange what sounds 
like a harmless, if fruity, joke 
about the sexual proclivities of 
Sqaiptn (Albanian) women. In 
less than a few seconds, the 
smiling faces behind tbe 
counter are filled with hatred. 

“Get out,” the owner cries 
emotionally, whisking an ice 
cream cornet out of another 
Serb's band. The Serb's bewil- 
derment changes quickly to 
anger, and a flood of purple 
invective referring to various 
parts of the Albanians' anato- 
my raises tbe temperature to 
tbe point of ignition. 

Three monumental pyra- 
mids of comets between the^ 
antagonists seem destined for 
oblivion, when suddenly an 
antique radio near one of the 
Tito portraits starts playing 
the immistakeable oriental 
strains of Radio Tirana. 

As if hypnotized by a snake 
charmer, Albanian tempers 
cool and the Serbs stride ont 
proudly, pausing only to slap a 
couple of ragged dinar notes 
on to the counter. 

Such events, though pictur- 
esque rather than violent, 
illustrate bow high emotions 
ran in Kosovo, where some ZS 
million ethnic Albanians exist 
uneasily alongside a few hun- 
dred thousand Serbs. 

The Albanians, tbe last 
Balkan nation to emerge from 
the oppression of centuries of 
Turkish rule, have remained 
in many respects more back- 
ward than the Serbs or the 

Those in Yugoslavia, al- 
though enjoying a higher stan- 
dard of living than their 
kinsmen in Albania itself, still 
follow a clannish existence. 

Tensions in 


medieval in its respect for 
blood ties and the vendetta. 
“Blood is blood” and “Blessed 
is he who avenges his honour” 
are phrases ottered with com- 
plete sincerity by the 

As well as being distin- 
guished by these traditions, 
the Albanians, unlike tbe 
Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 
who make op the larger part of 
Yugoslavia, are racially differ- 
ent in not being Slavs. There is 
thus neither racial nor fingnis- 
tic link to bind them to 
Belgrade, tbe capitaL 

In ’ theory, under Yugo- 
slavia’s carefully developed 
system of federalism, the Al- 
banians in Kosovo enjoy limit- 
ed self-rule as one of two 
antonomoos provinces. 

Bnt a disproportionately 

high number of Serbs occupy 
administrative posts in the 
province, and above all tbe 
Albanians here do not eqjoy 
the status of belonging to a 

“Autonomous province is 
nothing; we most belong to a 
republic” is a theme any 
visitor is likely to hear from 
every Albanian to whom he 

Rioting in 1981, sparked by 
Albanian students complain- 
ing about tbe standard of food 

served in the university can- 
teen at Pristina, the provincial 
capitaL brought demands for 
republican status violently to a 

The Al banian argument is 
persuasive. Why should they 
not enjoy die same status as 
Slovenia in the north, with its 
marginally smaller 

With the shutters pulled 
down, Albanians in one of 
their restaurants are eager to 
show that they are not by 
nature a violent people, only 
“hot-hearted” (toplo sirce). 

Belgrade and the Serbs, 
they say, refuse to allow 
Kosovo republican status be- 
cause Belgrade needs its min- 
erals, which they insist include 
gold.- Even educated Albanians 
fluent In three or more lan- 
guages and accustomed to 
intellectual debate believe this 
to be tbe case. 

Those arrested after the 
1981 riots are now being freed; 
their experience has not made 
them see Belgrade's point of 
view that Kosovo, with its 
racial mix and long history of 
Serbian heroism against the 
Turks in the Middle Ages, 
cannot become a republic. 

The force of the Serbs' 
arguments is emotional and 
sentimental rather than ratio- 
nal and It is hard for anyone 
who has spent tune in the 
province to escape the conclu- 
sion that Belgrade is riding a 
tiger if it continues to ignore 
the wishes of the nuyortty of 
the province's inhabitants. 
Tomorrow: The Serbs react 

N uclear power debates 

Bavaria warns off 

Vienna politician 

From Onr Correspondent, Vienna 
Herr Norbert Sieger, the gramme just across Austria's 

Austrian Vice-Chancellor, 
called off a planned visit to an 
anti-nuclear demonstration at 
Wackersdorf in Bavaria at the 
weekend after the German 
Land said that it would be an 
“unfriendly act”. 

Instead he sent his deputy. 

northern frontier. _ 

To the tension. Herr 
Hans-Dietrich Genscber. the 
West German Foreign Minis- 
ter,. at the weekend took 
advantage of the Salzburg 

festival to hold informal _ial!cs 
with Herr Peter Jankowitsch. 
his Austrian counterpart. 

Bonn is anxious to avoid 

Herr Walter Grabher-Mayer, 

to represent him after having 

allegedly received a warning any souring of West Geiman- 

of Austrian relations over Wack- 

from the Bavarian Ministry i 
the Interior that he would not 
be allowed across the border. 

This was denied by a Bavar- 
ian ministry spokesman who 
did admit, however, that Herr 
Sieger's presence would be 
considered unfriendly. 

At the end of June scores of 
Austrian anti-nuclear demon- 
strators on their way to 
Wackersdorf were turned back 
by Bavarian police. 

The sharp exchanges be- 
tween Austria and Bavaria 
over Munich's decision to go 
ahead with the power station, 
just a few miles from the 
Austrian frontier, has not 
invotved only Herr Sieger. 

Herr Franz Josef Strauss, 
the Bavarian leader, wrote an 
angry seven-page letter in 
reply to a plea from President 
Waldheim of Austria not to go 
ahead with the project In it he 
accused Austrian politicians 
of making political capital out 

He asked Dr Waldheim why 
Austrians were making such a 
fuss about Wackersdorf but 
were more than happy to see 
the Czechoslovaks pushing 
ahead with their nuclear pro- 

ersdorf. Regardless of the 
hostility felt by Austrian 
Greens towards West Germa- 
ny, Chancellor Kohl went 
ahead with his planned holi- 
day on the Wolfgangsee in the 
Austrian lakes. 

Some 40 people were arrested 
and hundreds of crude weap-. 
ons confiscated during two 
days of an ami-nuclear rock 
festival attended by 80,000" 
people in Bavaria (AP 

About 6,000 police were on 
duty (o keep order and to 
check automobiles headed for 
the festival at Wackersdorf, 
which was organized to raise 
funds for the environmentalist 
coalition trying to stop con- 
struction of a wasterecycling 
plant there. 

Police reported that up to 
yesterday afternoon there had 
been no serious incidents. 

They said that most of those 
arrested were either carrying 
Molotov cocktails, knives, 
flare guns, slingshots or steel 
projectiles. About a dozen 
people were arrested for drug 
or alcohol offences. 

£650bnfor China will 


From A Correspondent 

Japan plans to spend more 
than £6SG billion during the 
next 45 years to expand its 
nuclear power industry from 
its present 32 plants to more 
than 70. 

A detailed report from a 
government advisory group 
has recommended that the 
country boost its yearly 
nuclear energy output from 
24.5 million kilowatts to 137 
million kilowatts by the year 
2030, that is from 26 per cent 
of demand to a forecast 58 per 
cent of demand. 

Japan is the fourth biggest 
nuclear energy producer, after 
tbe United States, Soviet 
Union and France. Its output 
as a proportion of demand, 
however, is low compared 
with, for instance; France 
which meets 65 per cent of its 

The Japanese consume 
comparatively little power. 
Mr Hisamitsu Aral director 
of the Ministry of Trade's 
nuclear energy department, 
said that the expansion plan 
aimed to double per capita 
electricity consumption to 
9,800 kilowatt hours a person 
a year; about the equi valent of 
present US consumption. 

The plan also calls for Japan 
to increase its yearly uranium 
ore imports from 90,000 
tonnes to more than 600,000 
tonnes. This will create supply 
problems at the turn of the 
centuiy, but Tokyo is looking 
more to Australia to meet its 
rising needs. Its main suppli- 
ers at present are Canada and 

Under the plan Japan hopes 
to replace its light water 
reactors with advanced fast 
breeder reactors in about 20 
years' time and to complete 
the controversial technology 
to dose the nuclear fuel-use 
cycle by early next century. 

Energy officials insist that 
all spent nuclear fuel and 
plutonium produced will be 
recycled in some way. 

Fortunately for the plan, 
there is no major public 
dissent, even in the wake of 
the Chernobyl disaster. None 
of Japan's plants is of the 
Chemobyl type. 

defy plant 

From A Correspondent 

Despite reports of a division 
among Peking’s top leader- 
ship over the proposed con- 
struction of the controversial 
Daya Bay nuclear power plant, 
40 miles north-east of Hong 
Kong, China is determined 
that it will be built, according 
to sources in Peking. 

“The project is to go 
ahead,” a Western official 
here said. “There is no indica- 
tion that they will change their 

Earlier this month the Brit- 
ish and French ambassadors 
to China called on a high-level ■ 
Chinese government official to 
discuss ways of improving 
safety procedures at the 
nuclear plant, sources dis- 

Sir Richard Evans, tbe Brit- 
ish Ambassador, met Mr Li 
Peng, the Vice-Premier, on 
July 14 for 40 minutes to 
discuss “the desirability of 
ensuring and improving safe- 
ty” at foe proposed plant M 
Charles Main, the French 
Ambassador, spoke with Mr 
Li on July 15. 

Reading a prepared state- 
ment on the meetings, a Brit- 
ish official said “foie British, 
French and Chinese Govern- 
ments are taking folly into 
account the reasonable con- 
cerns of tbe people of Hong 
Kong about foe safety aspects 
of foe Daya Bay project”. 

• HONG KONG: Controver- 
sy has intensified here over foe 
plant (David Bona via writes). 

There has been widespread 
criticism of a projected study 
trip to Western Europe and 
foe US by Miss Maria Tam, a 
political activist, and six other 
members of tbe Hong Kong 
Legislative Council. 

Public feeling has become 
Increasingly hostile to the 
plant since foe Chernobyl 

Some 100,000 people, in- 
cluding thousands of school- 
children encouraged by their 
teachers, have signed a peti- 
tion asking for tbe plant to be 
built further from Hong Kong, 
which could not evacuate its 
six million inhabitants if an 
a cadent spilt radiation’ into 
the atmosphere. 

Anti-US party 
launched at 
Karachi rally 

From Hasan Akhtar 

An ami-American and pro- 
Kabul party was formed by 
hardliners of four left-wing 
Pakistani political parties at a 
convention in Karachi on 
Saturday with the avowed 
objective of rooting out “all 
vestiges of imperialist domi- 
nation in the country”. 

Mr Abdul WaJi Khan, a 
former leader of the parlia- 
mentary opposition in the 
National Assembly, was elect- 
ed president of the newly 
founded Awami National Par- 
ty (People's National Party). 

Among its other leaders are 
Mr Fazil Rahu, Mrs Wall 
Khan, Mr Rasul Bax Palejo 
and Sardar ShaukaL Alt, who 
merged their individual par- 
lies to launch the left-wing 
grouping. Some observers 
consider it a covert attempt to 
refloat the Communist Parly, 
which has been banned. 

Mr Wali Khan, addressing 
the Karachi convention, said 
that the main thrust of pro- 
gressive forces in. Pakistan 
should be to attack the iinperi- 
1 alisi power bead-on. . 

Norway to set 
foreign quota 
in cod dispute 

From Tony Samstag 

Amid threats of a new “cod 
war”, the Norwegian Govern- 
ment will today take the 
unprecedented step of declar- 
ing a quota on foreign fishing 
vessels off Spitsbergen and 
adjacent Arctic islands. 

The move follows failure by 
the EEC this month to pro- 
duce a formula to regulate 
catches within the fishery 
protection zone around the 
cod-rich Svalbard archipelago. 

Almost. 40 foreign trawlers 
are active there at present. 

British trawlers are part of 
the foreign fleet, which also 
includes vessels from Portu- 
gal. East Germany and 

Newspapers here are al- 
ready drawing comparisons 
with’ the cod war between 
Britain and Iceland in the 
early 1970s. 

According to Mr Trond 
Paulsen, director general of 
the ministry, the EEC fleet's 
catch is already approaching 
15,000 tons.- which would 
violate agreements between 
the Community and Norway. 

Craxi prepares for coalition tussle 

From Pieter Nichols, Rome 

Signor Bettino Craxi. Italy's 
Prime Minister designate, is 
preparing a government pro- 
gramme to put before leaders 
of the five coalition parties at 
a series of meetings beginning 

The Socialist leader can 
hardly expect it to have an 
easy passage, despite an agree- 
ment in principle with the 
Christian Democrats last week 
to hand over the prime 
ministership in March. 

The agreement is fragile, 
and what is known of his 
programme suggests that it is 
designed to last for the rest of 
this Parliament, and not just 
the next eight months. 

The choice feeing Signor 
Craxi was either to seek 
agreement for a programme 
covering only matters of im- 
mediate urgency or to revise 
the whole programme of his 
outgoing Government 
He chose the latter, basing 

his draft on an agreemei 
April between the five pai 
to which he added such n 
rial as the 90 government 
awaiting parliamentary 
proval when his Govemi 
collapsed on June 27 
proposals made in his c 
tion consultations last we 
. The smaller coalition 
ties are largely eager ft 
quick agreement arguing 
the country needs a gov 
ment urgently. 

Sweden’s spying fears 
switch to the skies 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

Swedish police yesterday 
accused four Czechoslovaksof 
having spied on military in- 
stallations from tbe air. 

They said that foe Czecho- 
slovaks, two of whom hold 
Swedish citizenship, filmed it 
military area near the town of 
Norrtajje, north of Stockholm, 
at the weekend from a single- 
engined aircraft hired from a- 
Stockholm airport. 

The incident is the latest in 
a long series involving allega- 
tions of espionage against East 

Block holidaymakers in Swe- 
den. Reports of suspected 
intrusions into Swedish waters 
proliferate in July, foe holiday 
month, when many Swedes 
take to pleasure craft 
When a yacht was seized In 
the Stockholm archipelago 
flying a Polish flag and foil of 
people with cameras it took 
them three hours to make 
dear that they were from 
Swedish TV, filming a pro- 
gramme on East Block vessels 
sneaking into Swedish waters. 



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Westminste' CabteTelevision 

Ah 0800 telephone number means that 
the cost of the call to you will be absolutely 
nothing. The company that has an 0800 
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And since this advertisement is full of 
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Another reason is this: any company who 

08 0 0 = 






IN 1986 

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The voice as big as Wembley 

for our 

ftfext week, the finest 
itenor in the world 
.-feill be appearing in 
Tendon — we hope. 
"Luciano Pavarotti 
ibas been known to 

cha nge his mind 

uelling with the dented 
Flats and Alfas. you 
head south-west out of 
Modena on the Via 
‘ Giardini. Modena is a 

prosperous town. Ferraris and 
Maseratis are manufactured here. 
So is an unspeakable fizzy red wine 
called Lambrusco. But its most 
famous asset can be found, a few 
weeks in every year, just off the Via 
Giardini where the town begins to 
jive way to the country. 

At that point stand two brick 
rokimns. Turning left between 
;hese you crunch down a short 
irive up to a large pair of iron 
jaies. Announcing your name into 
he grille of the entryphone causes 
he gates swing slowly open. You 
irive into a courtyard surrounded 
yy- a small complex of buildings. 
Hie largest is a villa, its front doors 
jpen on this sultry afternoon. 
Inside it is cool and dark. A 
■mart, unsmiling woman appears 
irid" ushers you into a study. This 
onlains a desk, a table, a piano, a 
> ianeer record deck and shelves of 
woks, records and videos. Coffee 
tnd -aqua mineralc are brought. 

There is a pause, and then the 
tall. doorway is filled by an 
mmense, bearded man wearing a 
Kort-sleeved blue check shirt 
tanging over brown trousers. A 
tuge, soft hand is offered at the end 
>£■ a forearm of cartoon-like 

If Heaven made a noise then 
urely h would sound like Luciano 
’avaroni. the greatest singer in the 
varid. For where other tenors may 
ing dramatically or with technical 
irifiiance. Pavarotti's voice simply 
aunds as if it were coming from 
another, better world. 

But this gift to make even the 
lost jaded spine shiver has inev- 
lafly produced a tension between 
fey. the Man and Pav the Voice, 
lizarre incidents litter his profes- 
ional career. 

In 1981 he issued a writ against 
"rans-World Airlines claiming 
1 million damages for "acoustic 
-aiima" after the plane carrying 

\ie l . ' • 

r .-. - « v • . ■ 

Fanny, yet ‘Pavarotti danced around the trees, in a desperate attempt to prevent a full-length shot which would reveal his bulk 4 

him broke in half on the Milan 
runway. Later he claimed that the 
incident snapped him out of a long, 
depressed period. In 1983 he 
cancelled five performances at 
Covent Garden at desperately 
short notice — and then appeared 
in Melbourne, accompanied by his 
secretary, Madelyn Renee, whom 
he promptly thrust on stage to sing 
Mimi in La Boheme. 

He sits behind the desk and 
starts by talking or his recent tour 
of China: "It was really the greatest 
experience of my life. No doubt” 
His English is good but heavily 
accented. "It was not just the 
musical recognition they gave me. 
it was seeing this country w'hich 
was just like Italy 35 years ago. 
Everybody riding bicycles, a lot of 
building going on, people playing 
cards in the street: all trying to be 
better but happy to be alive.” 

The phrase “happy to be alive" 
and his memories of Italy in the 
years before, during and after the 
Second World War are central to 
Pavarotti's view of himself. He was 
bom in Modena in 1935 into a 
huge, extended family of some- 
thing like 100 people. “My mother 
was fantastic, my father was fantas- 
tic. my aunts were fantastic. We 

always lived on this side of the city, 
next to the country. And I was free 
as a bird, in and out whenever 1 felt 
like it.” 

His father was a baker who had 
never had the courage to pursue a 
singing career — though be does 
now. He was on stage with his son 
in China, singing in the chorus. 

The childhood idyll was ended 
abruptly by the war. “I know the 
reason 1 enjoy things now is 
because I am a son of the war in a 
country like this. I am a survivor, 
and when you survive and you 
have seen the dead, face to face, 
that you will never forget. You 
want always to look to see if there is 
some sun. And there is. always . . . 

He becomes even more serious, 
leaning forward to focus my mind 
on what he is saying: “All my 
friends of my generation, when we 
meet each other, we are the most 
hilarious people in the world. We 
are not looking for trouble.” 

At first he was going to be a 
footballer, but when he was 1 5. he 
became aware that he had a real 
singing voice. Nevertheless, he 
bided his time. At 20 he became a 
schoolteacher, failed miserably to 
discipline the children, and went to 
sell insurance: "I was very good”. 

At 25 he became a professional 
singer and married Adua, whom he 
had met eight years earlier. “1 don't 
know why it took so long. Ask her. 
We loved each other. Well, Tra 
sure for myself, but with her you 
never know.” 


is professional career 
took off just when it 
became possible for 
opera singers to be- 
come famous as never 
before. “Now an opera can be seen 
and heard around the world by 300 
or 400 million people. In the old 
days, singers sang for maybe 2,000 
people at a time. 

“But in one sense the life is the 
same. You still have to become 
popular on your own. You still 
have to build yourself step by step. 
It takes 25 years, and you have to 
enjoy it. I enjoy communication 
with people - Vm enjoying being 
here with you.” , 

Pavarotti is constantly aware 
that simply having a great voice is 
not enough. It needs to be nur- 
tured. protected and used intelli- 
gently. “I have known so many 
colleagues with a beautiful instru- 
ment that they just throw away.” 
Every tenor after 50 is living on 

borrowed time — no one knows 
when the. voice will lose its world- 
class quality. Playing bug: venues 
like the Wembley Arena — where 
Pavarotti will be appearing, backed 
by the- London Philharmonic Or- 
chestra. next Wednesday — ts the 
most profitable use of his time. 

He makes no distinction be- 
tween his natural vocal gift and his 
ability to look after it. They are 
both.* for him. God-given. “If yon 
are a believer, you know they are 
all qualities that God gives you, 
even the intelligence to use the gift. 
No. I do not go to Mass. I am not 
that kind of believer. I believe God 
is here in this glass, in you.” 

He is also a believer in Pavarotti. 
Although he will never actually say 
he is the best in the world, asking 
him about Plarido Domingo pro- 
duces the kind of put-down that 
suggests he is in no real doubt: “He 
has improved enormously in the 
past 10 years”. 

But above all be knows that he is 
a prisoner of his gift and his art. 
Not only must his life revolve 
around his throat but he is obliged 
always to be an interpreter of. 
another's work. He points out that 
an actor can slow things down as 

much as he Tikes, but a singer has 
no such freedom. ■ - 

He is further imprisoned by the 
life he is obliged to lead- The days 
are long gone when a great singer 
could attach himself to one theatre 
for months on end. Instead the 
whole business of promotion, trav- 
el. rehearsal and performance 
sends him on constant global 
expeditions, the details of which he 
recalls with startling precision. 

“Peking to Bombay six hours 
and 50 minutes. Bombay to Zurich 
eight hours and 40 minutes. First 
pan I saw a movie, ate a bit. 
listened to a couple of records and 
slept maybe one hour. Second part 
I slept most of the -way He . 
emphasizes that he is a resident of. 
’Monte Carlo, presumably for tax 
reasons. .... 

And their there is the question of 
his weight- He is. at a guess, well • | 
over 20 stone and he moves with 
some difficulty. “I would like to be 
less than I am and I probably will 
be. I once tost 37 kilos , in nine 
months — that's 80 pounds — and! 
felt fantastic.” 

i this point an unreal 
afternoon took off into 
the fantastic. We went 
out into the garden, to 
take the photographs. 
Pavarotti hid behind a car. danced 
around the trees, shouted 
“Enough!” several times and emit- 
ted several high-pitched squawks: 
all in a desperate attempt to 
prevent a full-length shot which 
would reveal his bulk. -One of 
Pavarotti’s three daughters, a beau- 
tiful girl in a white dress, leaned out 
of a window bat refused to be 
photographed. The dance between 
the trees continued. Pavarotti be- 
came angry yet sensed that he was 
looking foolish. 

It was funny yet immensely sad: 
the flabby physical reality of the 
body had let down the ethereality 
of the music, leaving Pavarotti the 
man embarrassed and seif-con- 
scious in the middle. But, as hesaid 
of his mother, you canriot have 
.everything. For years^she^ refused , 
to hear him sing professionally, . 
fearing the emotion of the occasion 
would cause her already weak heart 
to faiL But finally, hi April she saw 
him sing Boheme in Modena —and 
survived, to continue living with 
the other 20-odd members of the 
family on .the Via GiardinL 
“Who knows why she finally 
came?” the singer muses. “I sup- 
pose she probably thought. ‘Well, if 
I die. I die welT. ” • 

Bryan Appleyard 

GOTmc NmpapaB, 398S * 

Designer uniforms, 
personnel training: 
Heritage staff are 
being tailored to 
create a new image 

Custodians of oar historic 
ruins are coming out of their 
lonely-ttcket kiosks. Nearly. 
150 men add women, , whose 
fonn and official demeanour - 
hark back to the drab era of 
the Ministry rfWorkyfwheir. 
they woe synonymous with . 
roofless stone relics), are 
being given . a. • 

Last month they donned ; 
outfits ~ -commissioned from 
Hardy Andes' in jpeeaish 
fanes and with English Hcih 
tage logos. Soowl£ 20,000 was 
invested in the new country 
colours, IndwKhg smart gab- - 
erdine raincoats. • - 
In addition- the custodians - 
have been-givat middfe-man- 
agement customer services 
training. Ailysoa Roose 
Clark, whoseexpeHenfe'bas 
beea in training nfadhie ptaff 
to deal with passengers,- was 
appointed Iast Octoher to ■ 
jjfoaeer the transformation. 
She discovered tot the custo- 
dians are fascinating .but 

At Grime's .Graves, Nor:., 
folk, is a flint expert who 
gives radio talks on the 




From The Victoria Wine Company 

A twelve botde case of 
MACON-Vffifi “LES MIMOSAS” 1984 
Appellation Macon-Vire Controlee 
French bottled 
for only £45.90 (75d books) 

Yes we’ve found it - for the Times readers, that 
delicious WHITE BURGUNDY you’ve been asking for. 

The white wines of the Macon Villages have a high reputation and are 

M3con- Vrng “Les Mimosas” is a delightful wine from the Cave Cooperative 
de Vire. The vines are grown on the best sites and upper slopes of the hills 
surrounding the village of Vied. It is a beautiful area with rolling hills and white 
cattle adding to the scenery. 

The wine is rich and dry with a buttery lemony nose and full dean 
fruity flavour. The perfect accompaniment for hors doeuvres, fish, white 
meat and salads. 

AT ONIY £45.90 PER CASE it is superb value. This offer, (subject 
to stock availability) doses on the 1st September 1986. 


AGoatBrsdb Caspar 

The Victoria tone Company Limited. Registered in England No. 199193. Registered Office: 
Brook House. Chensej- Road, Poking, Surrey GL‘2! SBE. Tdephone(H8&2 506b 

^"^OST TO: Times Offer, The Victoria Wine Company, Brook House, 

I Chertsev Road, Poking, Surrev GU2I 5BE 
OR TELEPHONE Poking (04862) 5066 X 303 



I wish to order. 

. case/s of the excellent Macoo-VIrfi “Les Mimosas* 1984 


f _ . , 

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Wrf 1 ,' 




at £45.90 per case (inc vat). 

Wense tick appropriate ha x 

□ Deliver to my local victoria tone shop (see telephone directory) 
ai no extra charge. I wfD pay when I collect my wine. 

Victoria Wine Shop Address retoOC CAimisiUtfE) 



I | | Deliver direct to my home address ai an additional 1300 per case. 

1 | I enclose my cheque payable to The Victoria tone Company Ltd please 

I debit my Access- Yisa>Thneis American Express Account 

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The multiple killer is on the 
increase. Although Britain has 
a long and notorious tradition 
of mass murdering — Jack the 
Ripper, though the most fam- 
ous, was neither the first nor 
the most homicidal — the 
phenomenon used to be 

Now, in the past few years, 
we have had Peter Sutcliffe, 
the Yorkshire Ripper, and 
Denis • Nilsen. killer of 15 
youths. A man is now awaiting 
trial on charges of killing a 
number of down-and-outs, 
and the police are looking for 
the Stockwell Strangler and for 
the man who killed Anne Lock 
and two other women. 

There is no simple reason 
for the apparent rise m serial 
slaying. Abnormal killings as a 
proportion of all murders 
have not risen. The great 
majority of murders are still of 
people known to the killer, 
usually in domestic circum- 
stances, or in the course of a 
crime such as robbery. What 
appears to have increased is 
the frequency of the apparent- 
ly motiveless mass killing of 
strangers, one by one. 

“We don't really know why 
this is happening”. Professor 
John Gunn of the Institute of 
Psychiatry, a leading forensic 
psychiatrist, admits. 

The problem for the police 
is that mass murderers differ 
greatly in their motivations 
and personalities. There is no 
such thing as the typical 
multiple killer. So any attempt 
to draw up a psychological or 
psychiatric profile of killers 
like the Stockwell Strangler is 
likely to be as unsuccessful in 
helping the police catch him as 
most photo-fit pictures have 
proved to be. 

“Apart from the fact that 
they are all suffering from 
some form of mental distur- 
bance, there is unfortunately 
no common thread”. Profes- 
sor Gunn explains. “Take 
Sutcliffe and Nilsen, for exam- 
ple. In most respects the two 
men couldn't have been more 
different” And those two are 
equally different -from, say, 
the Boston Strangler, who 
killed and sexually abused 13 
women during the i960! the 
Son of Sam, who killed court- 
ing couples in parked cars in 
New York, or Jack the Ripper. 

The sexual element in mul- 
tiple murders also differs from 
killer to killer. Some have 
excessive sexual drive, like the 
Boston. Strangler. But the 
killings by the homosexual' 
Nilsen were not primarily 
sexually motivated and nor 
were Sutcliffe’s, though he 
killed women he believed to 
be prostitutes. The bizarre 
combination in the Stockwell 
Strangler's case of old people 
and sexual assault — on both 
sexes, though not on all -his 
victims — is different again. 

Dr Edmund Harvey-Smilh. 

As police hunt the 
Stockwell Strangler, 
who has slaughtered 
..eight old people, 
Marcel Berlins asks 
experts for a motive 
behind the murders 

Peter Sutcliffe: believed be v»- 
doing the world a favour 

a consultant forensic psychia- 
trist believes that the stran- 
gler is probably a schizo- 
phrenic. “It's possible, for 
instance, that his pre-occupa- 
tion with old people stems 
from something that has hap- 
pened to him. Perhaps his 
mother died after a lot of 
suffering and as a result he 
feels sorry for old people. If he 
is a schizophrenic, be may 
genuinely believe that be is 
putting his victims out of their 
misery, just as Peter Sutcliffe 
believed he was doing the 
world a favour by bumping off 

This, Dr Harvey-Smith 
stresses, is only one possible 
theory. Another might be that 
the killer has a gndge against 
old people because of some- 
thing that has happened to 
him for which he blames his 
mother. “It is very difficult to 
give a thumbnail sketch of 
someone who goes around 
killing old people”, he says. 

One worn' is that the pub- 
licity given to the crime will 
itself act as an encouragement 
to commit more headline- 
grabbing killings. “There is no 
doubt that there is a strong 
element of ego-boosting in 
some violent offending”. Pro- 
fessor Gunn accepts. “The 

criminal can say Tm not as 
insignificant and small as 
everyone thinks. Tm big and 
Tm notorious. Tm able to 
commit these crimes and peo- 
ple are afraid of me'.” Giving 
him the honour of a title, like 
the Stockwell Strangler, can, 
to that extent, feed his mur- 
derous inclinations.- '-••■ 
v How important a fecior that 
might be depends . on the 
killer'spsydHatricprofile. The 
'annals of mass killing are foil 
of examples of murderers for 
whom the publicity is an 
important element -In Ameri- 
ca “I wanted to be famous” ; 
and *T wanted to be on TV” 
are often cited as reasons for 
spectacular killings. The fre- 
quent accompaniment is~a 
grading of the police while the 
crimes are still being commit- 
ted (Jack the Ripper wrote 
gloating notes to the police) 
coupled, psychiatrists say, 
with an eventual desire to be 
. caught !• ••' 

Is the same man necessarily 
responsible for all the murders 
attributed to the Strangler? 
Probably. There is .a well- 
established copycat element in 
some categories of offending, 
often encouraged by media 
publicity or even possibly a 
television programme featur-. 
ing a particular type of crime. 
But copying of abnormal mur- 
ders is infrequent “It is 
inherently unlikely that some- 
one reading about these ' 
killings will suddenly say: 
That’s a good idea. HI go out 
and kill some old ' pen- 
sioners',” says .Professor 

When copycat murders do 
occur, the police are usually 
able immediately to distin- 
guish -the copy from the 
original. The faker has to base 
his modus operandi on media 
reports. He will rarely be in 
possession of enough relevant 
facts about the original crime 
to carry out a perfect 

©DmeaNewapa pm LM, 7888. 



1 Shinbone (5) 

4 Disrespect (7) . 

8 Hissing firework C5) 

9 Lord. High Every- 
thing Bsc (4 J) : 

10 Extreme philosophy ■ 
( 8 ) • 

11 Foncad{4/ 

13 Italian down puppet 

17 Soil-smoothing tool 

18 Earringing(8) 

21 Kettledrums f7) 

22 Glowing coal ( 3 ) 

23 Raffle (7) 

24 Spacious (S) 


1 Gamble (4.2) 

2 Main force (5) 

3 Atmosphere (8) 

4 Inability (13)- 

5 Conspire (4) 

6 EmangkM7) 

- 7- Jehovah (6| 

12 Caribou (8) 

14 Slovenly (7) _ 

subject; at Corbridge Roman 
SHe, the - castixfiari writes 
historically ins pi re d verses; -, 
at Sherborne Old Casfle, the-, 
man nr <h*ige-4rorfcs in his • 
spare timftigi? «r Ussegam. 
CustodisuB also come from 
contrasting hacjtgroqBds:: >; 
from coal-minra&' and 'from • . 
tea. planting- in. Sri Lanka, 
while an ex-traveller In - . 
ladies 1 underwear & now at 
Avebury Stone Grctey and a 
Falklands campaigner lives 
where he works, at Thornton 

For the first; time' this 
motley , crew has been seat as . 
a rich ■■ resource, and,. what ’ 
they like- and dislike about ' 
their jok has been - opted. ■, 
People inevitably feel frus - 
trated when they are stpfdc in - 
isolated frozen wastes Jir all 
weathers: Motmt Grace Prio- 
ry, seven miles from Northal- 
lerton, for example, has - a 
medieval historian as enstodi- ■ 
an hot is Uttie visited. Few . 
custodians, however, have the . 
geographical problems of 
Vivian Cox, who walks half a 
mile over shingle beach to 
reach Hurst Gastie (“bek - 
approached by? ferry from - 
Key haven", says the 
guidebook). • - 

A less predietaUe frustra.- 
tion turned out to be animals. 
There’s pigeon mucking-out 
at Rochester Castle, nmf don- 
keys have, to be - stabled at . 
Carisbrook. Castle, Isle .of 
Wight; then there are pet. .. 
chihuahuas who pee on price- 
less carpets. 

“I think of the custodians, 
as. barons ou the Northern 
Marches, powerful y«t dfe- " 
tout from London” . Says 
Aflyson Roose Clark. “If they 
look militar y, that k because . 
of their posture. We discuss 
instead bow. to iise effective 
smiles and eye contact. We’ve 
had two custodians, from -. 
Stonehenge on acourse so for- -. 
— probably one of the most . : 
difficult sites: to me. Stone- 
henge is die equivalent of a 
747, packed and demanding, 
with an inadequate shop, and. . 
always In the news.” It’s 
certainly a for cry from 

Mortimer's Cross Water Mill 

(north-east Of Leominster) 
with a mere 43R visitors in 
1985. ... 

: AnnHills 

©Timm Nnnpapen Lai'lttS 

15 Sav^e(6t 

• -. 26 Wandtringffij-. . . 
' 19 Forbidden fji ' 

: 20 Ptd (4). 




§ Shared holidays can be more of a strain than a 

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^nn Hill* 

break, so couples are increasingly going 
away separately. Sally Brdmpton met three 

Anne Kavaiugh is always intrigued 
to see her husband John's holiday 
snaps; which are mainly of battle- 
fields and castles across the world. 
He in turn gives her a grand 
welcome when she arrives home 
laden with fresh trout and salmon 
from her fishing trips around the 
British Ides. 

After .more than 20 years of 
family holidays, the Kavanaghs 
have come to terms with the act 
that they enjoy entirely different 
kinds of leisure activities. While 
65-year-o!d John is interested in 
history,- industrial archaeology and 
travelling, Anne is a keen fly fisher 
who likes nothing, more than 
whiling away her days and nights 
on the banks of river and loch. 

In refusing to compromise their 
individual pleasures, the 
Kavanaghs are representative of a 
growing number of happily mar- 
ried couples who agree to go their 
separate ways when it comes to 

“I can'l think of anything worse 
than just following my husband 

‘So much to talk about 
when we meet again’ 

around all day long, doing some- 
thing that I wasn't enjoying”, says 
Anne, while John admits: “Stand- 
ing by a river for eight hours at a 
time is not my idea of fun." 

It is only since John retired from 
his bank manager's job five years 
ago and their two children, now 
aged -26 and 23. chose to holiday 
independently that the Kavanaghs 
have been able to indulge their 
individual whims. John has trav- 
elled widely on exchange trips to 
America with a local dub and on 
his own to sites of military and 
archaeological interest Anne, a 
former nurse, was forced to give up 
tennjs and badminton after two 

-Jealousy doesn't bother Jack 
Waddell when his wife Kay, a 46- 
y ear-old senior enrolled nurse, goes 
on holiday without him. “She’s 
quite able to look after herself", he 
says phatosophically 1 '*‘and what die 

eye doesn’tsce . . 

While Kay goes to holiday 
resorts like Corfu. and Crete with a 
group -of girlfriends. Jack stays.., 
behind in squtMrest. London with 

“I’m a competent cook", says 
Jack,- a 47-year-oW British 
Telecom engineer. “I buy a roast 
and lean make stew and Scottish _ 
soap like my mnm nsed to make. 
Paid and 1 use one plate, one cup, 
one spoon, one fork ami one knife 

‘It makes you more 
tolerant of one another* 

spinal operations, and searched for 
an open-air alternative. She be- 
came hooked on fishing. 

It is an acquired skill of which 
her husband is touchingly proud. 
“Anne got her first salmon, a 12- 
pounder. last year in Scotland. We 
threw a big family party to eat it” 

He and his wife still travel 
together on major expeditions to 
places like Australia, the Caribbean 
and the Far East although Anne 
dislikes flying and finds long bus 
journeys uncomfortable. “The ad- 
vantage of going away separately is 
that we have so much to talk about 
when we get back together”, says 
John. “1 don't really miss her when 
I'm out on my travels because 1 
know it's not what she wants to do. 
I can travel on very little food and 
sustenance but she likes to stop 
every so often for coffee. I can 
think of better ways to spend my 
time away than drinking coffee. 

“I fmd that when I'm away I lead 
a full and interesting life, and I'd 
like my wife to be there to eqjoy 
what appeals to me. But I know she 
wouldn't enjoy tramping three or 
four miles across open country to 
see an old battlefield .” 

When Anne did a week's fishing 
course last year at a game angling 
centre in Devon, he joined her for a 
day and then spent the rest of the 
week driving around Devon and 
Cornwall visiting regimental muse- 
ums and old casiles. 

Left alone in their large Victori- 
an house at the foot of the Fennines 
in the village of Duffield. Derby- 
shire. John looks after himself 
sustained by a freezer full of one- 
person meals which Anne prepares. 

“I like to keep the house tidy”, he 
says. “I wouldn't dream of leaving 
the bedroom untidy. When Anne 
comes home there is nothing out of 
place and it doesn't look as she has 
been away." 

Says Anne: “1 love John going off 
-around -the world because it is what 

he wants lo do. and 1 don’t want to 
do it. I think it's great that we can 
be so happy for each other. 

“We’re both so interested in 
what we're doing. We can five 
without each other for a few days 
and I think it makes for a great 
relationship when we meet up 
again. I don't worry about him at 
all because I know all he's interest- 
ed in is what he’s going to see. Well. 
I don’t think it worries me . . .” 

She has never encountered any 
problems when iz comes to being a 
woman alone in the male-dominat- 
ed world of fishing. “The men love 
to tell me what to do and help me 
and give me their favourite flies.” 
And when she gets home again, she 
can always tell John about the fish 
which got away — “although I don't 
think he always.believes me”, she 

Separate labels: John and Anne Kavanagh pack to go their different 
ways; he to a barn dance in Alabama, she in search of salmon 


each.. And we wash them up as we' 
go along. As far as the housework is 
concerned we have a big ronud-up 
on the day before Kay gets back and 
make the beds and do die vacuum- 
ing. I don’t miss Kay when she goes 
off on her own, but I do check the 
newspapers when she’s away to 
make sure there's no plane crash.” 

He has been home to Scotland 
both on family holidays and by 
himself and says: “I think I 
actually preferred being there on 
my own because I could go out with 
all my (rid friends, which meant it 
was boozy rather than a holiday.” 

His and hers holidays: Jack and 
Kay Waddell do their own jhing- 

He goes on long golf weekends 
three or four times a year — "just 
like a prolonged night ont with the 
boys”. The trouble with going away 
together — and they have in the 
past - is that while Kay loves dm 
sun. Jack hates it. 

She and her friends normally 
book a cheap Last-minute package 
and stay in an apartment “It's 
good ftm,” she says. “We lie 
around on the beach during the day 
and drink and go to tavernas and 

- Taking off Mark and Sue. 

Alhaden enjoy the reunions 

discos in the evenings. I always 
send Jade a couple of postcards and 
bring him back duty-free cigarettes 
and --randy. 

“We’ve been together for a long 
time, through good times and bad, 
and it's quite nice to get away for a 
while. J think it makes yon more 
tolerant of one another. We're not 
planning any holidays together in 
the immediate future. Ideally, I'd 
like to have a holiday together and 
one apart each year.” 

For Sue and Mark Alhadeff sepa- 
rate holidays “tend to just 
happen". Often their work pre- 
vents one of them from gening 
away so the other “just takes off”. 
It is an arrangement which suits 
them both. “Some people seem to 
think it is a bit odd” says Sue, a 27- 
y ear-old freelance assistant film 
editor, “but we don't find it at all 

- “Occasionally women tell me 
- that their -husband- or boyfriend 
wouldn’.t let them go'away on their 
own and I find that very odd. I 
would rebel horribly if Mark said 
that to me. My reaction would be 
just to go." 

After five years of living together 
and nine months of marriage. Sue 

‘I tend to charge around 
and wear him out’ 

and Mark holiday both as a pair 
and apart. Mark, a 32-year-old 
Rhodesian who renovates houses 
in south London for a living, goes 
home to see his family in Zimba- 
bwe without Sue and to stay with 
an artist friend in the south of 

Sue recently spent a week on a 
health form in Malta — “I just 
wanted to get away on my own and 
do what I wanted to do without 
having to consult anyone else" — 
and ten 10 days in Greece with a 
girlfriend, as well as visiting her 
lather in America. 

They find that the problem with 

shared holidays is that Mark likes 
to laze on a beach, while Sue 
prefers to go sightseeing or browse 
around antique markets. “I do tend 
to drag him around to look at 
things and it can be pretty 
exhausting", admits Sue. “If we 
both go away to have a rest, that's 
fine, but otherwise I tend to charge 
-around and wear him out.” 

•Says Mark: “I'm so fed up with 
going to antique markets and 
.^trundling on coaches, here,- there 
and everywhere. 1 can ? t bear it” 

They agree that one of the best 
things about separate holidays is 
the reunions. "You come home 
tanned, healthy and full of energy 
and I think that adds an enormous 
spark to the relationship”, says 
Sue. “When you’re with someone 
every day, it's very nice to have a 
break. It’s like getting away from 
the people you work with. I enjoy 
going away on my own because I 
can have a very selfish holiday and 
do exactly whai 1 warn. Going away 
with a girlfriend is more of a 

-She and Mark always try to see 
the other one off at the airport and 
meet each other's plane. "Which is 
really nice when you haven't seen 
someone for a while”, according to 

“Neither of us gets jealous”, says 
Sue of their separate holidays. 
“WelL Mark might be a little bit 
but it never shows. I actually get 
accused by my friends of not being 
jealous enough which I find a little 
bit extraordinary.” 

flfflnw Naw ap apgra Ltd. 19K 

One man’s meat may be everyone’s poison 

If we are what we eat, then the flesh- 
consumers should beware: their food 
may not be ail it seems, Denise Winn 
reports on a new vegetarian challenge 

Pnria Yawns 

M eat is a hazardous 
product and should 
have a government 
health warning on h, pro- 
claims the former first Chief 
Executive' of the Vegetarian 
Society. Peter Cox. He is 
getting into fighting form for a 

Teacher Training 
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hoped-for showdown with the 
Meat and Livestock Commis- 
sion tomorrow morning at a 
press conference to launch his 
new book. Why You Don't 
Seed Meat. 

The book examines the well 
established connection bev 
tween those diets which are 
high in saturated animal fats 
and certain kinds of cancer 
and coronary heart disease. 
Cox hammers the message 
home by reciting the research 
in vivid terms: “Did you 
know that eating pork more 
than once a week is associated 
with a doubling of the risk of 
breast cancer?” 

He also claims that ft is also 
the greed (or desperation) of 
the meal producers, and the 
laxity at ministerial level in 
enforcing the law, that is 
making nonsense of the 
counter-claim that meat is a 
health v and natural food. 

Peter Cox says that our 
much-quoted “carnivorous" 
ancestors ate only a fraction of 
their diet in the form of meat, 
whereas an average household 
now consumes 101b a week. 
“In our agricultural base 
10.000 years ago", he says, 
“plant food comprised 90 per. 
cent of our diet. Meat contains 
no nutrients that can’t easily 
be obtained from a plant 
source. It was always a luxury 
food and that is how we 
should consider it today.” 
Moreover, “primitive” meat. 

coming from animals in the 
wild, had only a small percent- 
age of fat and even that was 
five times as high in the 
polyunsaturated variety. 

Modern animals are bred to 
be fat and. to achieve that, 
meat producers use growth 
promoters. At the end of last 
year the EEC banned their use 
although Britain, which ob- 
jected, will not enforce the ban 
until 1969 and has meanwhile 
applied for an annulment of 
the EEC directive. But there is, 
according to Mr Cox, already 
a black market in the use of 
DES (diethyl stilboescrol). a 
growth hormone which was 
banned in 1979 after conclu- 
sive evidence that ft is carci- 
nogenic in humans. 

“The Ministry of Agricul- 
ture. Fisheries and Food keeps 
detecting residues”, he says. 
“Every year there are one or 
two prosecutions and just 

recently there were two more 
cases. Yet they test only 300 
carcasses a year for DES when 
the industry kills and process- 
es 1.400.000 animals every 
day. On a ratio basis, that 
means 10.000 of the animals 
every day could . have 
residue.” . 

e ox also makes a power- 
ful case that cancers 
caused by a virus can be 
transmitted from one species 
to another. Chickens, cows 
and turkeys are prone to suffer 
leucosis, a form of cancer 
caused by a virus which can 
lead to leukaemia. Farmers, 
butchers and vets, who are in 
dose contact with food-pro- 
ducing animals, have a higher 
than normal risk of dying 
from leukaemia. But it is also 
possible, he believes, dial 

ordinary, consumers, may be. 
eating cancerous meat. 

A meat inspector on a 
poultry line has three to five 
seconds to examine each bird 
and judge whether it is 
healthy. “And it isn't much 
better for red meatVhe adds. 
According to one vet involved 
in meat inspection, if a tu- 
mour is found it is cut out but 
the rest of the carcass is 

“And you only have to talk 
lo any vet involved in food 
inspection to find that ft is 
quite easy fora slaughterhouse 
to use loopholes iii the law to 
avoid any inspection at all”. 
Cox says. 

One vet he did lalk to 
begged to remain anonymous 
and said: “I hardly ear any 
meat these days, especially not 
in restaurants. In my opinion, 
it is not a wholesome product 
any more, at least much of ft 
isn’t .... I don't trust many of 
the producers or slaughterers 1 

know. There is no effective 
means of policing.” 

Four out of five chickens 
sold in supermarkets, ft is 
claimed, are contaminated 
with salmonella and much of 
the reason for that may be the 
use of antibiotics mixed into 
animal feed for growth pro- 
motion. to which such organ- 
isms become resistant Any 
infection in the animal can 
then be passed on to humans, 
along with its resistance to 
antibiotic treatment. 

T he presence of antibiotic 
residue in meat and 
milk can also promote 
allergies in humans. Accord- 
ing to studies unearthed by 
Cox, anything from a quarter 
lo more than a half of pork 
contains antibiotic residue 
and the highest amounts are in 

“I find the ministry's lack of 
concern for the public ex- 
tremely distressing", he says. 
There is one rule for home and 
another for abroad, ii seems. 
Sheep dips containing DDT, a 
toxin that was banned from 
.insecticides, are compulsory 
twice a year. DDT derivatives 
accumulate in the body and 
when sheep are going for 
export, the producer must sign 
a certificate saying that they 
haven’t been dipped m the 
preceding six weeks. But there 
is no such requirement for 
home sales. 

If the Meat and Livestock 
Commission does put in an 
appearance at the press con- 
ference this morning, it will 
indeed be interesting to hear 
how they handle all that. 

Why You Don't Seed Meat by 
Peter Cox will be published on 
Thursday by Thorsons at £2.50. 

Deflections on 

Parental advice was invented 
so that children could see 
what idiots their fathers and 
mothers really were. A fact 
that I expect Mrs Gillick has 
pondered over in recent 

There she was, I shouldn't 
be - surprised, warning her 
daughter about not drinking 
milk straight from a mangy 
cow in Greece when what the 
girt really needed to know was 
the name of a good sun- 
screening cream to put on the 
parts *l«t don't usually see 
the light of day. 

I have made blun- 

ders with my own daughter. 
Before she went to India, I 
ducked on about not putting 
Ice-cubes in her bottled min- 
eral water when what I should 
have been Idling her was 
that, since laundering was so 
reasonable, she should take 
everything sbe possessed that 
needed washing and ironing. 
Instead of which, again fol- 
lowing my daft advice, she 
travelled light and now can't 
make proper use of the excel- 
lent Kashmiri laundry that 
she writes postcards home 

As well as being on the 
wrong tack, what we tell our 
chOdren is so dishonest A 
friend of mine said the other 
day that any woman contem- 
plating marriage and mother- 
hood should choose a boring 
man as a husband because 
they made the best fathers. 

This is probably true but 
we would never tell our 
daughters that even under 
torture. What woman in her 
right mind would opt for a 
son-in-law who makes 
Mogadon obsolete? Instead, 
we allow onr little darlings to 
marry brilliant, amusing ad- 
vertising executives and just 
hope that they will not be 
stock miserably in Surrey 
coping with assorted cases of 
measles while their husbands 
fly off to Geneva supposedly 
to attend a design conference. 

Parents are the last people 
to give advice since they have 
such preconceived ideas 
about the good life, which 
usually indmle academic suc- 
cess and a good, steady job. 
Thus they wffl make a sparky 
but for from intellectual son 
resit his O levels year after 
year instead of letting him go 
out and make his fortune 
racing around City firms ' 
selling lunchtime sandwiches. 

When their daughter wins 
a top-modelling contract, they 
murmur worriedly about the 
need to do a shorthand-typing 
course. There is bound to be a 
dash of interest since chil- 
dren always hope for the best 
and parents always expect the 

Parents are so laden with 
responsibility (did the son 
Chaw the frozen mince thor- 
oughly before malting the 




sauce for his spaghetti? DkL- 
the daughter get her car * 
serviced before driving -to - 
Oxford?) that they lack the' 
louche quality necessary fora - 
good advisory service. 

The best personal advice, 
consultants are selfish, ego- 
centric idlers, which automata* 
ically rides out most fathers-- 
and mothers. One of the best" 

handers-down-of- wisdom I 
have known was an American : 
actress growing old disgrace-^ 
fully in Paris at the time when - 
1 was a wide-eyed 18-year-old ' 
trying to gain a certain gloss 
by attending -the Alliance ■ 

She told me always to bijy ■ 
the most expensive clothes I ~ 
could afford “because they : 
don't need so much ironing?." 
This appeal to my laziness 
had me saving up for beantK' 
fully-cut navy suits, whereas- 
if my mother had droned on 
about “quality” and “made to 1 
last” and “creating a good 
impression” I would never' 
have moved on from the- 
Oxfam shop. 

As a parent one always- 
feels that one is meant to be" 
setting an example a nd that' 
makes it impossible to passi- 
on to one’s children some of - 
the best lessons that experi- 
ence has taught. - 

I feel I would lose face if -I 
admitted to my children thaft~ 
drinking spirits undiluted re- 
sults in less technicolonred ^ 
hangovers. Or that it is mueh-'- 
easier to throw away leftover 
egg whites than make a _ 

Or that outrageously b ad 
behaviour never seems to 
outrage anyone. It is not -die— 
sort of thing that (hey would- - 
thank me for anyway since 
they don't drink, favour rum- - 
pelte cuisine and move in 
circles where a quiet, digni- 
fied charm seems to be the - 
fashion. The kind of advice , 
which they might want is =- 
probably outside my sphere of ; 
knowledge. But complete ig- -■ 
norance abont one’s 
children’s needs is what par- * 
enthood is all about 


A very just dessert ; 

I do hale the nobody-knows- 
the-trouble-fve-been-io school 
of entertaining. Not because I 
don't like cherry tomatoes 
stuffed with pwreed courgettes 
(ttiey are delicious) or j lower 
arrangements relying heavily 
on chicken wire ana polysty- 
rene bases, or dining-rooms 
transformed into Arm tents. 
It's just that when I am invited 
to such shindigs / get the 
clammy feeling that comes 
over of the over-awed guest 
who knows that one day she 
will be expected to reciprocate 
in kind. 

Those of us who thrill to the 
words "come as you are " or "I 
hope Chinese take-away will 

be all right" are always de-\ 
lighted to hear about grandiose 
efforts to impress that went 
wrong. So it is with great 
happiness that / can report'- 
that in 1905 , at the coming-out - 
party for the American aebu- .= 
tame Mary Astor Paul. 10.000 1 
butterflies were imported from-- 
Brazil to be released in pretty * 
showers on the stroke of mia-' r 
night. r 

Unfortunately, the heati 
killed them and the guests were - 
showered with dead insects.* 
Just remember that the next* 
time you fly into a panic', 
because your chilled sorrel - 
soup looks like a bowlful oft 
dung. • 


Top designers have 
gone native this 
year by bringing 
the batik look to 
summer cottons, 
giving a modem 
sophistication to 
the traditional style 

puts pain on ice 


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PR Spray is the really quick and 
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Unlike most other pain relief sprays^ 
PR Spray is cold. It is the spray used by 
professional trainers attending injuries.- 

PR Spray which is odourless, rapidly 
lowers the temperature of the skin ovtf 
the painful area, and so freezes pain 
out - quickly and effectively. » 






Oijly days after the damaging 
Commons Defence Committee 
report on Wesdand, J can reveal 
that Mrs Thatcher faces 
embarrassment at the hands of 
another select committee this 
Wednesday. After months in- 
vestigating Britain's involvement 
with South Africa, members of the 
Tory-dominated Foreign Affairs 
Committee have unanimously 
concluded that sanctionsmust be 
imposed. They add that in the 
event of Botha's taking trade 
reprisals against South Africa's 
neighbours, the frontline states 
should receive help. Their report 
also reflects concern that not all 
British firms are conforming with 
the EEC code of conduct on 
minimum wages for black work- 
ers. The timing of publication, 
complete with news conference, 
will prove equally unwelcome to 
the prime minister. It has been 
rushed forward to come just 
before the Commonwealth mini- 
summit on the crisis. The unstated 
reason for Commons business 
being wound up last week was that 
the government did not relish the 
summit taking place against a 
background of parliamentary 
sniping over Mrs Thatcher's 
opposition to sanctions. 

Leon ranger 

Meanwhile, as the Westland affair 
re-detonated where was Leon 
Brittan last week? While a 
beleaguered prime minister was 
slicking to her guns m the Com- 
mons, her former Trade and 
Industry minister, I discover, was 
getting away from it all at a British 
army base in Germany. A ploy to 
escape the spotlight? “I was in- 
vited to Sennelager last January 
because the Green Howards re- 
cruit in my constituency", Brittan 
told me yesterday from Wens- 
leydale where he spent the after- 
noon at a local fete. Refusing to be 
drawn on the Commons inquiry, 
he would not even say whether he 
intended to respond to its criti- 
cisms of him. Brittan did. how- 
ever. clarify one aspect of his 
German visit: there were no 
helicopter trips. 

Country life 

British Rail is taking action to 
prevent a repeat of the horrific 
sight that greeted the Queen 
Mother last month: 200 elec- 
trocuted badgers, which had met 
their end on a newly electrified 
section she had come to open in 
Sussex. The Surrey Trust for 
Nature Conservation (patron Da- 
vid Bellamy) has discovered some 
20 established badger crossings on 
the soon-to-be-electrified 
Sanderstead to East Grinstead 
section and has submitted a report 
to BR suggesting that the current 
be carried underground by cable at 
those points. The transport min- 
ister, David Mitchell, has ex- 
pressed an interest. Now BR has 
agreed to instal the line-breaks, at 
a cost of up to £20.000. 


Tm running in the 1,000 metres 
and the 4 x 800 boycott* 


Congratulations to Tim Satchell. 
His Royal Romance paperback, 
out today, actually comes up with 
something new about last week’s 
we-all-know-what. It reproduces 
an autographed exercise book 
belonging to one of the bride's old 
schoolfriends who left Hurst 
Lodge 11 years ago to go to 
Gordonstoun. The message — 
signed “Lots of love. Sarah Fergie 
(Ferguson)", followed by 15 
kisses — could not have proved 
nibre ironic. It read: “Good 
Scoiish (sic) luck. Mind Prince 
Andrew. ’* 

Ayes and knees 

John Biffen. Leader of the House, 
makes an unusually below-the- 
beli contribution to history this 
autumn. Flattered by a request 
frdm the Imperial War Museum 
f0F-a donation to its forthcoming 
Rational Service exhibition, BifT- 
en — who held the lowest rank of 
all the ex-servicemen in the Cabi- 
net - spent the weekend scouring 
the attic of his Shropshire home 
fora relic from his Suez days. His 
office yesterday, in return for a 
chit duly delivered a pair of khaki 
shorts (circa 1950) to the museum. 

By example 

If only managers would give up 
their long lunches and workers 
their interminable tea breaks. 
Britain could be the next Japan. 
That is the view of Philip 
B‘. Crosby, an American manage- 
ment consultant who has been 
promoiing his business here. If we 
pulled our industrial finger out, he 
says, we could emulate the Japa- 
nese miracle in as little as three 
years. I received ibis homily over 
a remarkably long lunch, p 

Keeping the Queen from crisis 

Geoffrey Marshall suggests how the Crown 
could steer dear of political controversy 

It has been reported that some 
senior politicians are fearful that if 
the next general election results in 
a hung parliament there may be a 
genuine constitutional crisis, as 
whatever decisions the Queen 
makes will — if they are 
controversial — be seen in the 
light of the present hubbub. 

If the politicians are determined 
to hold such beliefs they will 
certainly be in danger of creating 
an atmosphere of crisis. But are 
such beliefs rational and can 
anything be done that might 
minimize the risk? 

If no party retains an overall 
majority the post-election dangers 
reduce to two. Later, if not sooner, 
the Crown may face a situation in 
which the party in office is 
defeated and there is a choice 
between inviting the leader of a 
single party to form a government 
and considering the claims of a 
multi-party coalition. 

The other political danger- point 
is the exercising of the sovereign's 
power to refuse the dissolution of 
parliament to a minority prime 
minister who wishes to hold an 
early general election, whether for 
tactical reasons or after defeat in 
the House. This power has not 
been exercised by the Crown in the 
United Kingdom, and in the past 
many in the Labour Party have 
denied that it can ever be properly 

The difficulty for the Crown is 
that there has always been a 
potential inconsistency between 

the principle that the Crown 
should seek to appoint ministers 
who are most likely to retain the 
support of a majority in Par- 
liament and the principle that the 
Crown should avoid or minimize 
political controversy. In Canada, 
the refusal of a dissolution in 1926 
to Mackenzie King enraged the 
Liberals and caused great political 
offence. But it was arguably a 
proper decision. Any supposed 
convention of avoiding all politi- 
cal controversy would in feet be 
inconsistent with having any other 
rules or conventions. 

•Nevertheless it cannot be de- 
nied that there is some uncertainty 
about what the conventions of the 
constitution require in relation to 
the formation of governments and 
the granting of dissolutions in a 
multi-party situation. Are there, 
therefore, any procedures that 
might remove a politically hazard- 
ous burden from the sovereign's 
shoulders? In many of the newer : 
Commonwealth constitutions the 
rules under which the Head of 
Slate acts are defined by constitu- 
tional provisions. But there is little 
enthusiasm for such constitu- 
tional legislation here (even if 
Parliament has happily enacted it 
for Nigeria, Fiji or Samoa). 

Several years ago some MPS 

suggested that a panel of eminent 
persons (perhaps including the 
Speaker) might exercise the 
present prerogative powers that 
regulate the process of gov- 
ernmental transition. But that too 
would require difficult legislation. 
And it is not easy to imagine any 
committee of persons —.in or out 
of politics - whose decisions 
would be accepted without ques- 
tion by politicians who believed 
their decisions to be misguided or 

Is there then any way in which 
the Crown might be guided in 
exercising the existing powers? 
Two expedients may be worth 
consideration. In 1981 — in Can- 
ada again — a dispute about the 
conventions of the Constitution 
was resolved by an advisory 
opinion from the Supreme Court 
In the past the House of Com- 
mons has obtained advisory opin- 
ions from the Judicial Committee 
of the Privy .Council about dis- 
puted questions of parliamentary 
privilege. Advice on matters of 
convention rather than law would 
be an innovation. But questions of 
precedent and principle that de- 
fine constitutional conventions 
are not widely different from those 
involved in disputed questions of 
common law. 

A second possibility is suggested 

by recent events in Australia. Last 
year a constitutional convention 
"recognized and declared" a num- 
ber of principles and practices that 
should Ik observed as conven- 
tions. They cover many, though 
not all of the problems that occur 
in appointing prime ministers and 
dissolving the House of Repre- 

It may be that codification of 
the rules is appropriate in a 
written constitution, but in- 
conceivable in Britain. It would 
certainly raise difficult issues. 
Could an acceptable group of 
politicians be nominated or 
elected to such a convention? 
Could they ever agree on the 
content of the disputed rules? 

Most important, perhaps, what 
would be the authority of any such 
agreed declaration of the rules? In 
what sense would anybody, 
including the Crown, be bound by 
them? (the question that no doubt 
puzzles die Governor-General of 

It may be that If such a 
codification were carried out with 
imer-pany agreement, an explora- 
tion-. and declaration of the 
conventions would have its uses. 
Monarchy. Bagehot said, is a 
strong government because it is an 
intelligent government What may 
harm it is lack of popular under- 
standing of the principles of its 

The author is a fellow of Queen 's 
College, Oxford 

William McHenry assesses what keeps the Kremlin plodding behind 

In the advanced Western societies, 
the spectrum of computer applica- 
tions is enormous. It runs from 
manufacturing to office work, 
across the whole range of military 
systems, to education and con- 
sumer and entertainment prod- 
ucts. These enormous markets 
provide sufficient funds for rapid 
development of newer, more 
powerful products. The more 
powerful the products, the more 
markets are opened up. 

All this must make Mikhail 
Gorbachov a bit nervous, if not 
downright queasy. Can the Soviet 
Union stand the pace? Will it do 
so only at the risk of losing social 

Consider the state of Soviet 
computing. Despite the feet that 
the Soviet computing industry 
covers the full range of products 
and, in this regard, ranks only 
behind the US and Japan, it has 
never learned how to mass-pro- 
duce most computing devices 

The Soviet hardware and soft- 
ware industries are shot through 
with the economic perversities 
that cause the average enterprise 
to be less than enthusiastic about 
computerization. Even if the 
leadership were willing to rely on 
purchases from the West, the hard 
currency cost would be prohib- 

After a 20-year drive to bring 
computing into management, 
most of the 40,000 to 50,000 
enterprises still send their data out 
to the Central Statistical Admin- 
istration for processing, limiting 
the extent to which computing can 
be integrated into daily affairs. 
Many enterprises that do have 
computers use them for batch 
processing and production of a 
variety of static reports. Expected 
massive gains in productivity 
have failed to materialize. 

Now priority has been given to 
applications that are more isolated 
from the surrounding economic 
system, such as process control, 
robotics and flexible manufac- 
turing. But even in these areas, the 
Soviet economy is simply not well 
enough organized to take full 

Why Russian 
aren’t byting 

advantage of the benefits. In 
communications, education, con- 
sumer goods, and entertainment 
the East-West gap is a chasm. 

Administrative initiatives, such 
as the recent creation of the State 
Committee for Informatics and 
Computer Technology, may help. 
However, the root of the problem 
remains: until there are many 
more reasons to use computers, 
the computing infrastructure will 
not be forced to mass-produce 
suitably priced, reliable, and 
powerful computers, peripherals 
and corresponding software. 

What restrains Soviet demand 
for computing? It has recently 
come into vogue to think that the 
main barrier is the leadership's 
reluctance to allow greater access 
to information and the decen- 
tralization that widespread usage 
might engender. 

Western observers have been 
caught up in visions of a Sakharov 
sending out anti-government ap- 
peals via the electronic network, 
printers churning out reams of 
samizdat, or microcomputers 
linked to the West via satellite 

Such statements sometimes 
overlook how well the Soviets can 
control basic supplies such as 
paper, not to mention the parts 
necessary to build a dish. At the 
very least, the threat is hardly 
immediate. So far it is hard to find 
any computer networks with elec- 
tronic mail. 

Although the Soviets apparently 
intend to produce and sell a large 
number ofhome computers, there 
is no evidence to indicate that 

printers will be provided. Printing 
may wdl be limited to where it can 
be monitored. Computer class- 
rooms will be set up so that 
teachers can continuously mon- 
itor students' work. Many 
"business" computers are kept 
behind wax-sealed doors during 
non-work hours. 

The Soviet leadership has been 
pushing for more centralized con- 
trol over usage. Dedicated 
workstations are being built which 
include a limited range of applica- 
tion-specific software. 

Detailed guidelines have been 
drawn up by the statistical admin- 
istration and other organizations 
on exactly what will comprise the 
first microcomputer-based, 
departmental-level applications 
for bookkeepers and accountants. 
It appears that the Soviet leader- 
ship is anxious not to open a 
Pandora's box. 

The primary reason for a lack of 
demand concerns incentives. In 
the guts of the economy, at the 
enterprise level, behaviour nec- 
essary for survival includes 
minimizing plan targets, hoarding 
resources and workers, .and 
minimizing scrutiny of resource 
and output reports. All this is 
threatened by computers. 

A Soviet manager will use 
computing only if it helps him to 
achieve his plan without jeop- 
ardizing his enterprise. This risk- 
averaion cuts across all industrial 
applications, and partly explains 
why the leadership has not pressed 
more vigorously for industrial 

Furthermore, turning certain 

functions over to the c omp uter 
presents a risk for the elite, whose 
unique influence is based in part 
on controlling just a bit more 
information than subordinates do. 
A bureaucrat who determines the 
allocation of petrol for example, 
can translate this power into 
desirable commodities and privi- 
leges. Will this bureaucrat permit 
petrol allocations to be done in an 
“optimal" fashion by a computer? 

Will a construction organiza- 
tion refuse to build the dacha of 
the first secretary of the local party, 
organization because the com- 
puter has allocated the materials 
to a House of Culture? 

One might think that military 
and surveillance needs would 
provide enough demand for 
substantial computer develop- 
ment. Military demand is indeed 
significant, but according to 
S.E Goodman of the University 
of Arizona, who is conducting a 
study of the prospects for a Soviet 
information society. U cannot 
alone provide the resources for the 
vast infrastructure that the econ- 
omy requires. 

Ironically, many surveillance 
applications depend on allowing 
computing to pervade society in a 
way the leadership may not want 
to permit. The applications which 
we see daily in the West, such as 
credit-card and checking trans- 
actions, electronic fund transfers 
and automated telephone systems, 
would provide an excellent 
foundation for surveillance. 

Thus the development of the 
computing infrastructure is being 
driven at a relatively slow pace, 
and the range of possible applica- 
tions is expanding rather slowly. 
The rapid spread of computers 
into all walks oflife in the West 
has not only increased the East- 
West gap in quantitative terms; it 
has also increased the pace of 
Western economic life. If these 
trends persist, the Soviet Union 
may find in the not too distant 
future that the gap has become an 

The author is assistant professor of 
business administration. George- 
town University. Washington 

In search of new roles for the land 

Any suspicion that farm surpluses 
have been exaggerated should 
have been dispelled by a recent 
report from the Intervention 
Board for Agricultural Produce, 
which buys and stores what the 
market cannot absorb. 

Last year’s harvest was a rel- 
atively modest one. Crops in 
many areas were flattened by 
heavy rain. Yet by the end of the 
year stocks of unsold wheat and 
barley had doubled to nearly six 
million tonnes, worth about £666 
million. In addition. Britain's 
butter "mountain" had cost tax- 
payers some £400 million to ac- 
quire. not including storage 
charges, and the coldstores also 
contained beef carcasses worth 
around £160 million. 

The standard reaction is to 
blame the EEC common agri- 
cultural policy’s price-support sys- ■ 
tem and to’ castigate “greedy" 
farmers. But that is simplistic. 
One important reason for sur- 
pluses is that technological 
progress has led. to ever higher 
yields. . • 

And in any case, if everything 
could be pui into reverse there 
would be a wider question to face: 
what would be the effect on the 

It can be argued that food is no 
different from any other commod- 
ity. We have been forced to accept 
thai if there are suipluses of steel, 
or tin, mills must be closed and 
mines abandoned. However, there 
is one all-imponant difference 
between agriculture and any other 
industry: farmers not only make 
their living from the land but 
shape its whole appearance. 

Nor is it only the landscape that 
would be jeopardized. The rural 
economy is still first and fore- 
most. dependent on agriculture. A 
threat to farming carries implica- 
tions for thousands of country 
towns and villages for which it is 
the linchpin of ancillary industries 
and retail trade. 

There are obvious attractions in 
the idea advocated by people such 
as Sir Richard Body. Conservative 
MP for Holland with Boston and 
now chairman of the Commons 
agriculture committee, of an end 
to so-called protectionism and a 
return to the pre-EEC policy of 
buying food as cheaply as possible 
on world markets. 

But aside from the damage it 
would do to the balance of 
payments, it implies that only the 
most “efficient" producers would 
survive — the very "grain barons" 
and intensive livestock producers 

whom the conservationist lobby 
most dislikes. It raises the spectre 
of depopulation and dereliction in 
the most scenically cherished and 
economically vulnerable regions, 
which would not be tolerated in 
any other EEC country. 

If land is not required, tem- 
porarily or permanently, for 
producing food, a positive land- 
use policy is preferable to neglect 
One obvious possibility is to 
encourage less intensive livestock 
rearing, combined with support 
for part-time farming. If a family 
can go into the tourist business 
and is ho longer wholly dependent 
on its dairy' herd, it is likely to take 
much more kindly to letting fewer 
cows graze the pasture. 

But beef and dairy surpluses 
would appear to be containable. 
The main problem in Britain and 
almost everywhere else concerns 
cereals. What are the prospects for 
alternative crops? 

By far the most successful to be 
introduced in recent years is 
oilseed rape: the harvest in each of 
the last two years was about 
900.000 tonnes. Thanks to an EEC 
subsidy, rape oil has been widely 
accepted by food manufacturers, 
but attempts to grow other oil- 
producing crops such as sun- 

flowers and soya have so far been 
hampered by the British climate. 

Sir Derek Barber, chairman of 
the Countryside Commission, has 
discounted what he calls 
"romanticism" about new crops 
and has suggested that changes in 
the appearance of the countryside 
will be gradual and unspectacular. 

He is also sceptical about 
persuading fanners to plant 
significant quantities of broad- 
leaved trees, even though forestry 
organizations point out that Brit- 
ain imports some 90 per cent of its 
timber needs. 

There has been talk of making 
more land available for sport and 
recreation, but few practical 
suggestions. Country sports such 
as hunting and shooting are in any 
case already linked ■ closely to 

John Norris, president of the 
Country Landowners’ .Associ- 
ation, has suggested half-jokingly 
that redundant farmland might be 
convened to golf courses. He 
makes the point that making more 
land available for recreational use 
depends both on the readiness of 
investors and on a less restrictive 
attitude by planning authorities. 

John Young 

Agriculture Correspondent 

Anne Sofer 

Don’t blame the 


Suddenly, nobody seems to have 
anything good to say about com- 
prehensive schools. It is not that 
there was ever universal enthu- 
siasm for them: some passionately 
supported their introduction, oth- 
ers as passionately opposed. Bui 
most of the public, through the 
Sixties and early Seventies, 
seemed to regard the change as a 
natural one in a country where 
secondary education was univer- 
sal and class was losing its grip. It 
is sometimes forgotten that many 
parts of the country — particularly 
the rolling acres of the (erstwhile) 
Tory shires — have been com- 
prehensive for 20 years or more. 

At the beginning of Mrs 
Thatcher's rale most of the gram- 
mar-school lobby had conceded 
that the battle was over. Com- 
prehensive schools were here to 
stay, even though some pockets of 
selection were to be allowed to 
survive. When, in 1984, two 
Conservative education authori- 
ties —Solihull and Richmond- 
upon-Thames — tried to convert 
comprehensive systems back into 
selective ones, they ran inio 
intense local hostility — in the 
case of Richmond, the Conser- 
vatives lost control of the council 
on this issue. There were no 
symptoms of widespread dis- 
enchantment then. 

But in the past 18 months there 
has been an unmistakable shift 
Opinion polls indicate that a 
majority thinks the old system 
produced better results. Middle- 
of-the-road. commentators start 
referring casually to the “failure of 
the comprehensive schools". One 
hears of parents crossing bound- 
aries to get into a selective system, 
whereas it used to be the other way 
round. As a long-time supporter 
and satisfied user of the com- 
prehensive system I ask myself 
two questions: why has this hap- 
pened and what is to be done 
about it? 

On the “why" I think there are 
two answers. First, the teachers* 
pay dispute has shaken public 
confidence in the stale system 
more than anyone likes to . 
acknowledge. Whomever the pub- 
lic blames — and more, blame the 
government than die teachers — 
there is a fading that with morale 
as low as it manifestly has been,, 
and teachers' alienation as deep, 
the whole enterprise must be in 
pretty poor shape. 

In fact, the popularly held view 
of what is going on has to some ex- 
tent parted company with parents' 
own personal experience: the Au- 
dit Commission’s recent opinion 
poll showed that parents, thougha 
large number of them expressed 
worries, were more satisfied with 
secondary schools than was the 
general public. 

Parents know that wfeal they see 
on television is not necessarily 
what is happening in their own 
schools.' But the media images' 
projected during the dispute — 
teenagers pouring out of the 
school gates, empty science lab- 
oratories, earnest sixth-formers 
worried about their exams — were 
damaging: and they all seemed to 
be comprehensive schools. 

Secondly, public alarm has been 
raised by international compari- 
sons indicating that English - 
schoolchildren are not performing : 

as well as others. These are indeed 
deeply worrying reports. But there 
is no evidence that they are linked 
specifically with comprehensive 
schools. The figures most often 
quoted -those comparing West 
German and E n g li s h performance 
in a report by Prais and Wager 
which I wrote about m tins 
column in 1983 - adually : refctie 
largely to English schools in pe 
selective system. They are rather 
old figures, and while there, is no 
evidence that our performance, 
relative to Germany has improved 
subsequently, they cannot be 
taifftfl as an indictment of com-: 
prehensive schools as such. 

So what is to be done? The one 
thing that should not he done is to 
launch a tirade against *Tnedia: 
distortion". Instead, : it is im- 
portant to be frank and . open 
about the facts and to take the 
criticism seriously. 

The comprehensive schools do 
not have as much to fear as their 
defensive reactions sometimes 
suggest. For some reason their 
lobby fails to outface the scores of 
polemical writers who publish 
bogus and disreputable statistics 
“proving" the inferiority of the 
comprehensive system. . - 

The most reliable and recent 
figures on exam statistics are those 
published by the Department of 
Education and Science. This 
department .also pubfishes the 
“social background” figures that 
are needed to . make a proper, 
comparison. Using these figures, 
Dr Peter Mortimore of the Inner 
London Education Authority has 
compiled a “league table” of local ; 
education authorities m terms of 
their exam performance related to 

These figures should be. given 
more publicity. Top of the league 
are four authorities that have-had v 
comprehensive systems for years. 
Harrow, in first /place, was a 
pioneer of the sixth-form college 
system. Coventry, ip fourth place, 
was one of the first authorities to 
take its ethnic minorities seriously 
and develop the idea of commu- 
nity schools. (It also — before the. 
days when this was taboo for (he 
left — initiated a productive 
partnership with the Manpower 
Services Commission.) Of the 
bottom four authorities two still .. 
have a selective system. But I have 
to admit that the figures as a whole 
do not yield to any simple 
explanation: some selective 
authorities score high, others low. 

The fact has to be faced that the 
failings of English education are 
not the failings of any particular 
system, but he deeper. And they 
are not the “fault” only of the 
teachers but of us all Our best 
academic performers do as well as 
the best anywhere ur the world, 
but education needs to be more 
like a mass marathon than an 
Olympics. Cultural attitudes that 
go back hundreds of years — 
“learning is for the learned”; 
“culture is a middle-class 
privilege”; “the working classes 
don’t understand long words" — 
frustrate the progress that every- 
one wants. What we need is a . 
dramatic raising of sights, not an 
insidious undermining of the 
whole system. 

national committee 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Everything off 
at silly mid-on 

The directive had come down 
from head office to all regional 
police squads. Major unsolved 
crimes were to be reconstructed 
immediately by police officers in 
the appropriate costume. Police- 
woman Norma retraces the fatal 
last walk. Sergeant Bob goes on the 
train that Kevin never came back 
from, that sort of thing. 

Inspector Lionel Homer mis- 
trusted this sort ofidea from head 
office. In his experience, the only 
result of getting policemen dressed 
up like people on their last known 
expedition before being murdered 
was to give the aforesaid police- 
men the tendency to strut round 
the police station like out-of-work 
actors for the next fortnight But 
experience also taught him that it 
was unwise to ignore directives 
from head office. 

• “Got any major unsolved 
crimes on our books?" he inquired 
of Sergeant Brink, who .knew 

“No.” said Brink. 

"Why not?" Homer said. 
“We’ve solved them all” 

“ Solved them all?” 

“Well we’ve got villains who 
are already inside to own up to 
them, or lost the files on them, but 
it conies to the same thing,”- 
“Well we need a major un- 
solved crime, and fast Head office 
wants us to reconstruct it" 
"There's always the Cricket 
Streaker," Brink said.. “You 
remember, the man who stripped 
at the County Ground last month, 
ran across the pitch in front of 
10.000 people, and then 

“No.” Homer said heavily. “I 
don't remember. Was he protest- 
ing against something?” 

“Yes. A slow over rate.” 

“And was he caught?"- 
“No. And we couldn't get any of- 
our usual villains to own up to iL 

square-leg boundary. One seemed . ! 
to be wearing nothing but a large 
blanket His name was Constable 
Munt He looked fed up. 

“You want me to run naked? ; 
Across the ground? To the other . -’ 
side? But what if someone sees - 

“They won't,” Horner said.. 
“There’s no one here. We've taken 
good care of that” 

“Then what's the point of doing 
it?" Munt said. . 

“Keep head office happy,” 
Horner said. "Now off you go.” 

The unhappy policeman threw- 
off the blanket and set off at a 
steady pace into the mist looking 
like a Stone Age man in training : 
for th e first marathon. Halfway 
across he was swallowed up by the- . 
grey swirling gloom. 

“Right” Homer said. “Let’s go 
over the other side and give him 
his blanket back, then tell head 
office we’ve done it” 

But when they got to the far 
side* there was no sign of Con- 
stable Munt The small squad of 
* Police waiting for him to artiye 
out of the murk had seen nothing. 
Munt had vanished. -Inspector. 
Homer was finally forced to put 
out a brief communique. 

“Naked Constable Totally Van- 
ishes in Middle of County Cricket . 

Ground," the editor of the na- 
tional newspaper, read to his 
disbelieving . staff. "You know 
what this means, don’t you?” . - v . 

“Yes,” they afl roared. “The V 
Silly Season has officially started : 
at last 1 ” . ■ r 

Yes. dear readers, the SUiy 
Season is upon us. If you wish to 
have nothing u> do with it, retire 
to- your bedroom and pull the - 
duvet oyer your head. We wifi give 
you a call in about three months. ! 
P& What actually happened was 
that PC .Munt iook a wrong - 
turning in the mist, arrived ' in the 

with 10,000 witnesses. 

"Right Let's reconstruct it" 
The next day dawned grey and 
misty. Silver shreds of gloom 
wreathed the County Ground; 
unoccupied ’ except by a small 
squad of police officers on. the 

members bar, where he was litter 
discovered by. the nice- young lady - 
in charge of catering. They are raw 
engaged to be married, although 
he ts. officially a deserter fionithe, • 
police force, to whom he has not* 
dared to report bade . 

le the 


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King Hsssan of Morocco 
seemed yesterday to have be- 
come the first casualty of last 
week's; historic meeting in 
Rabat with Israel's prime min- 
ister Shimon Peres- His 
resignation as chairman and 
host of Arab summit con- 
ferences, following some hos- 
tile reaction to his decision to 
meet Mr Peres, underlines the 
risk that he was taking. 
Yesterday’s development 
must weaken his official po- 
sition as a leader of the 
moderate Arab world and the 
next few weeks should deter- 
mine whether the sacrifice has 
been worthwhile. 

On the face of 'it, the answer 
so far must be negative. 
Hassan cancelled, or post- 
poned, an important visit to 
Washington to make way in 
his diary for the party from 
Jerusalem, and would seem to 
have got little in return. A 10- 
point statement by Mr Peres, 
outlining the Israeli position, 
ruled out the annexation of 
Gaza and the West Bank and 
reaffirmed his Government’s 
willingness to open a dialogue 
with peace-loving “authentic” 
representatives of the Palestin- 
ian people. But it was still so 
far away from the concepts 
developed by the 1982 Arab 
summit at Fez (on which King 
Hassan made his stand) that, 
on Jerusalem’s own ad- 
mission. the possibilities for 
agreement seemed remote. 

What Mr Peres got out of all 
this was the opportunity to 
show the world in general and 
Israeli voters in particular that 
he remains a man of peace, 
anxious to break new ground 
and leave no stone unturned in 
bis pursuit of a settlement 
Moreover bis visit has split the 
Arab world again at a time 
when great efforts were being 
made to achieve unity. 

The Israelis could never 
have hoped for much. Hassan 
is a leading figure in the Arab 
world ex officio . But he is too 

far removed, from the scene of 
action to wield much political 
clout. Mr Peres has reaffirmed 
nonetheless the right of an 
Israeli head of government to 
visit an Arab state in the full 
glare of publicity — without 
losing any points along the 

For Mr Peres, it was as 
much a political initiative as a 
diplomatic one, whose wis- 
dom was confirmed by 
yesterday’s Cabinet endorse- 
ment For Mr Peres the Rabat 
trip was not so much a flight of 
fancy as a shrewd move. 
Morover while by no means an 
end in itself, it could still lead 
towards one — however tortu- 
ous the route. 

The man to whom the 
Israelis want to talk spells his 
name Husain not Hassan. The 
last phase of what is euphemis- 
tically called the Middle Hast 
peace process came grindingly 
to a halt earlier in the year 
when it became clear to 
Husain that Yassir Arafat 
could not or would not move 
towards negotiations with Is- 
rael — with ail that that 
entailed. The vacuum which 
was left by Arafat’s departure 
from the scene, remains un- 
filled — despite the cautious 
welcome given to the Hassan- 
Peres meeting by moderates 
on the West Bank. Without a 
respectable Palestinian delega- 
tion by his side, King Husain 
who is mindful of the Palestin- 
ian majority in his country, 
could still not commit himself 
to negotiations with Jeru- 

But last week’s rendezvous 
in the Moroccan mountain 
resort of Ifrane, for all the 
aggression that it encountered 
among the hard-line states, did 
confirm the growing 
acceptability of Israel in the 
Arab world. Unwelcome 
though it might have been to 
some, ten years ago it would 
have been unthinkable. By 
sticking his neck out as he did. 

Relations between politician 
and tax man are always spiky. 
The former ha&i to reflect 
something of the public’s fear 
arid suspicion of the latter, yet 
the tax man and his best efforts • 
at assessment and collection 
are indispensable if the poli- 
tician is to have the where- 
withal for his projects. 

Since 1979 this Government 
has been tom by two impulses. 
One, stemming from its 
rhetorical objections to big 
Government, has been to criti- 
cize both the size and the 
powers of the Inland Revenue, 
presenting the tax man as an 
enemy of business enterprise. 
But the other, from the depths 
of Whitehall, has been to spur 
the tax man to track tax- 
dodgers and late-payers and 
produce the revenue. The 
Government learnt the hard 
way five years ago, during the 
Civil Service strike, how much 
depends on the speed and 
efficiency with which the In- 
land Revenue works. 

These contradictory im- 
pulses have been exemplified 
in the Government’s ambigu- 
ous response to the need to 
update tax law and admin- 
istration. — to cope with new 
schemes of tax avoidance and 
the growth of the “black 
economy”. It set Lord Keith of 
Kinkel to work and he pro- 
duced a voluminous and 
impressive report; but im- 
plementation of vital sections 
has been deferred and the state 
of the law regarding certain of 
the tax inspector’s more 
controversial powers to in- 
vestigate and seek documenta- 
tion of fraud has been left too 
ambiguous for comfort. 

The tension shows even 
more clearly in the 
Government's attitude to- 
wards the Inland Revenue 
itself: the 47th report of the 
Committee of Public Ac- 
counts, published at the end ot 
last week, is the latest 
ment of the problem. The 
Inland Revenue has been sub- 
jected to the same blanket 
reductions in staffing as other 

Community colleges 

From Mr M. Gent 
Sir. One of the strengths of the 
British education system is tne 
extent to which local educanon 
authorities have been allowed a 
degree of autonomy at local level 
to reflect the differing needs ot 
individual institutions. 

In enlightened authorities this 
has been reflected in the varied 
composition of governing bodies 
and much progress has been made 
in the last few years to encourage 
all governors to play a mueh more 
active role. In many areas of the 
country where there are commu- 
nity colleges there are elected 
representatives of the community 


Whitehall departments; but 
unlike most other departments 
Revenue personnel generate 
income for the state, and 
certain of the Revenue’s highly 
trained inspectors generate 
large sums indeed. In addition 
Revenue staff, like the police, 
perform a law and order 
function. Their mere presence 

— and the knowledge of their 
operations that the public has 

— serve to deter non-payment 
of taxes. 

The Government, respond- 
ing quite rightly to public 
contempt at those who would 
defraud_ .the social security 
system by illegally claiming 
benefits, has employed consid- 
erable numbers of extra 
Department of Health and 
Social Security staff. Until 
recently, however, it applied 
another standard to the 
employment of officers to 
detect and prosecute tax fraud 
and refused to exempt the 
Inland Revenue from the gen- 
eral cuts in Civil Service 

Not before time, that policy 
has been changed. Reduction 
in Revenue staffing has been 
halted and there are signs (the 
MPs note) that the worrying 
backlog of correspondence and 
assessments in tax offices is 
beginning to clear. But there is 
still much to be done, es- 
pecially on differential pay for 
tax inspectors. 

Much has been made, not 
least in the context of the 
Plowden Committee's recom- 
mendations on “top people’s 
pay”, of the need to pay senior 
Civil Servants (along with 
judges and senior officers) 
enough to prevent an outflow 
of talent and to ensure junior 
officials can look upward in 
the hierarchy and see, in the 
future, attractive rewards. The 
Government has accepted that 
argument and has itself placed 
much emphasis on a flexible 
market for labour in which 
monetary signals of worth are 
quickly responded to. 

It appears that loo many 
trained tax inspectors have 
taken the hint and moved 

associations working alongside 
pare ms to the benefit of all users of 
the college. 

The Education Bill that is 
currently before Parliament will 
change all this. More parents will 
be elected but there will be no 
automatic place for any repre- 
sentative from the community 
association or. indeed, any other 
organisation that may have special 
connections with the college. 

It seems strange that a Govern- 
ment that speaks warmly of 
encouraging decisions to be taken 
at local community level should 
deny all users, except parents, the 
automatic right to a place on the 
governing body of a community 
college. I wonder how Henry 

from Somerset House across 
Temple Bar to high-paying 
jobs with city accountancy 
firms, some of them indeed to 
devise tax avoidance schemes 
to thwart their former col- 
leagues. Movement between 
public and private sectors is 
healthy, but the point has 
clearly been passed at which 
the public interest is being 
harmed, and it is time that 
inspectors' pay be thoroughly 
reviewed and, if necessary, 
uncoupled from the rest of 

There is every good reason 
why specialist civil servants 
should be paid more than their 
less skilled colleagues. White- 
hall departments differ in their 
recruitment, their work and 
possibly also in their calibre. 
Why their officials, including 
their Permanent Secretaries, 
should be paid exactly the 
same is unclean is it necessar- 
ily de-motivating for an Un- 
der-Secretaiy in. say, the 
Scottish Office to receive less 
than a Grade 3 official respon- 
sible for the VAT empire? 

The Inland Revenue is 
represented, politically, by 
Treasury ministers and ul- 
timately the Chancellor. This 
arrangement tends to mean 
ministerial voices on behalf of 
the department are muted. 
Chancellors are rarely brave 
enough to speak up for the tax 
man, and doubtless Mr 
Lawson would find it hard to 
marry his pretensions to cut- 
ting income tax -with advocacy 
of higher pay and extra num- 
bers for the Inland Revenue. 
But some such marriage has to 
be effected or else the tax 
system starts to fail. And there 
is a clear cut distinction here. 
The rate at which taxes are 
collected is one thing — and the 
lower the better. But the 
effectiveness with which those 
taxes are collected is quite 
another. The antidote to the 
black economy is to cut tax 
rates not to wink at tax evasion 
by reducing the morale and 
manpower of the Inland Rev- 

Morris would have reacted to this 
peculiarly undemocratic Bill. 
Yours faithfully, 


The Village College, 

Bouisham, Cambridge. 

Puzzling plurals 

■From W02 (SMJG) Scou />. 

Sir. Mr Adams's letter (July 22) is 
correct in espousing military 
grammatical usage and its logical 
accuracy. Unfortunately, he was 
wrong with his example. As one of 
the serving SMJsG, may I point 
out that IsG prefer to instruct than 
to inspect. 

Yours faithfully, 


Horseshoe Barracks. 

Shoeburyness. Essex. 

The Queen and the Constitution 

King Hassan established a 
kind of principle and arguably 
eased the way for what might 
one day follow. 

It has also invested the 
Middle East tour by Vice- 
President George Bush with 
more diplomatic significance 
than it would otherwise have 
deserved. “I can’t think of any 
better time to come here”, said 
Mr Bush before driving away 
from the airport in his 50- 
vehicle convoy. That was 
putting it a little too strongly. 
But he could certainly have 
chosen many worse occasions. 
If. as reported, he initials an 
arbitration agreement between 
Israel and Egypt over Taba 
during his time in Israel, he 
will also be lending his name 
to a treaty which should 
remove the biggest block to 
better Egyptian-lsraeli rela- 
tions and pave the way for a 
Peres-Mubarak summit in the 
not too distant future. 

The big task in front of him 
will be to try to persuade King 
Husain, who yesterday ended 
two days of talks in Damascus, 
to enter into talks with Israel. 
While it seems most unlikely 
that Husain would be in a 
position to say “yes”, the 
Morocco meeting has at least 
refocussed eyes on the 
possibilities. Whether Mr 
Bush will add a Rabat stop- 
over to his itinerary, remains 
to be seen. 

And as for Hassan? After the 
reported anger and frustration 
which marked the opening of 
last week’s meeting (when he 
discovered how little Peres 
had to give) and the mixed 
reaction he had from his fellow 
Arab leaders, he might reflect 
that it has pushed him a little 
more centre-stage in the Mid- 
dle East. His de jure position 
may have slipped, but his de 
facto importance has grown. 
He might have missed a trip to 
Washington, but Washington 
might now be just about to 
come to him. 

From the Private Secretary to the 

Sir. in the debate about the 
supposed revelations of the 
Queen's opinions about Govern- 
ment policies. I take three points 
to be axiomatic: 

1. The Sovereign has the right — 
indeed a duty — to counsel, 
encourage and warn her Govern- 
ment. She is thus entitled to have 
opinions on Government policy 
and to express them to her chief 

2. Whatever personal opinions the 
Sovereign may hold or may have 
expressed to her Government, she 
is bound to accept and act on the 
advice of her Ministers. 

3. The Sovereign is obliged to treat 
her communications with' the 
Prime Minister as entirely 
confidential bdween the two of 
them. This was central to the 
statement issued by the Bucking- 
ham Palace Press office on July 
19. as soon as the original Sunday 
Times articles appeared. 

After 34 years of unvarying 
adherence to these constitutional 
principles, it is preposterous to 
suggest that her Majesty might 
suddenly depart from them. No 
sensible person would give a 
moment's credence to such a 

It is equally preposterous to 
suggest that any member of the 
Queen's Household, even suppos- 
ing that he or she knew what her 
Majesty's opinions on Govern- 
ment policy might be (and the 
Press Secretary certainly does 
not), would reveal them to the 

It is the business of the Press 
Secretary and other members of 
his office ro deal with Press 
enquiries to the Palace; and in the 
process to comment on, or refuse 
to comment on. propositions put 
to them by journalists. There is 
nothing in any way improper 
about that and there is no secret 
about it either. 

1 am assured that, in the several 
exchanges between the Press Sec- 
1 retaiy and Mr Simon Freeman 
before The Sunday Times articles 
were published, the Press Sec- 
retary said nothing which could 
reasonably bear the interpretation 
| put upon ‘it by the writers of the 

Historic churches 

From the Bishop of Rochester and 
Sir Douglas Lorefock 
Sir, We read with regret and some 
surprise the letter from the Chief 
Executive of English Heritage and 
others on July 1 7. The purpose, as 
we understood it, of the consulta- 
tion paper on the ecclesiastical 
exemption was to provide an 
opportunity for a dispassionate - 
consideralioD of the facts which 
would help the Government and 
all concerned. 

This is a matter on which 
different views are sincerely held. 
But. at a time when detailed 
responses to the consultation pa- 
per have been made and are under 
consideration, it does not seem 
helpful to advance flat statements 
of one particular view without 
supporting evidence. • 

However, as this has happened, 
may we simply record that, al- 

Beckford inquiry 

From Mr T. D. Bamford 
Sir, The vindictive hounding of 
the two social workers dismissed 
by Brent Council following the 
Jasmine Beckford inquiry is what 
one has regrettably come to expect 
from the popular Press. But to find 
The Times in such company 
(leading article. July 17), applying 
wholly different standards to so- 
cial workers to those applied in 
any other profession or occupa- 
tion, is deeply depressing. 

In the last year this board has 
paid damages of £400.000 as a 
result of irreversible brain damage 
to a child, caused by the negligence 
of two medical staff. The staff 
concerned did not make front 
page news. Their opportunities for 
employment elsewhere remain. 

Journalists who make errors of 
judgement remain in post. A 
police officer who shoots a sleep- 
ing child in error is reinstated 
amidst public approbation. Fail- 

Lincoln prison 

From the Director General of HAf 
Prison Service 

Sir. In your second article on the 
new special unit for long-term 
prisoners at Lincoln prison (July 
19) prison officers were quoted as 
saying that the unit will house 
“terrorists. IRA prisoners, child 
killers, police killers and rapists”. 
This statement is misleading. 

The Lincoln unit is intended for 
a small number of men (it has a 
capacity of nine) who have proved 
disruptive in dispersal prisons and 
who governors think may present 
fewer difficulties in a small unit 
with a structured regime and a 
high staff/inmate ratio. 

Out of the prisoners nominated 
by governors, the Prison Depart- 
ment in consultation with the 
unit's managers will allocate to 
Lincoln those who seem most 
suitable for the unit's regime. It is 
wrong to suppose that this selec- 
tion process will result in the 
unit’s housing “the most dan- 
gerous men in Britain”. • 

The article also referred to a 
comment by the Chief Inspector 
of Prisons that the perimeter wall 
at Lincoln does not provide an 
appropriate degree of security for a 
Category B establishment. As is 
the case with a number of older 
prisons, the perimeter wall at 
Lincoln is not built to the standard 
adopted in. new construction and 
it is to be replaced in due course. 

article on rhe front page in the 
edition of July 20. 

Although parts of the feature 
article "The African Queen" were 
read over to the Press Secretary, 
other crucial parts were nou and 
no warning was given directly by 
The Sunday Times to the Palace of 
the article on the front page or of 
the impact which The Sunday 
Times expected the articles to 
cause. At no point did the Editor 
himself attempt to contact anyone 
at Buckingham Palace in order to 
check what was said in the articles. 

The Sunday Times today makes 
much of the fact that from lunch- 
time on Saturday the Prime 
Minister's Private Secretary and I 
both knew that articles were likely 
to be published on Sunday and yet 
did nothing to stop them. It is not 
difficult to imagine the reaction to 
a request that the articles should 
be withdrawn; suffice it to draw 
attention to the sub-heading to 
today's Focus article in The 
Sunday Times, “The story they 
could not kill", and the Editor's 
refusal to publish last Saturday's 
Buckingham Palace statement on 
the grounds that he found it 
“completely unacceptable”. 

The publication of the original 
articles was clearly bound to call in 
question the 'constitutional 
relationship between the Sov- 
ereign and the Prime Minister, 
and this without any attributable 
source and without any attempt by 
the Editor himself to verify the 
story. The subsequent claim that 
the unnamed sources were “within 
the Palace and at the highest level” 
constitutes a totally unjustified 
slur on the impartiality and dis- 
cretion of senior members of the 
Royal Household. 

In short. 1 repeat what the 
Buckingham Palace Press office 
said on the night the original story 
was published, and which the 
Editor of The Sunday Times 
refused to print: 

As With all previous Prime Min- 
isters. the Queen enjoys a relation- 
ship of the closest confidentiality 
with Mrs Thatcher, and reports 
purporting to be the Queen's opin- 
ion of Government policies are 
entirely, without foundation. 

Yours faithfully. 


Palace of Holyroodbouse. 

July 27. 

though we wish to see the present 
arrangements improved (and have 
publicly said so), we do not believe 
that the unique heritage of 
England's parish Churches will be 
served by sweeping away arrange- 
ments which have been approved 
by Parliament three times in the 
past 20 years and which have 
meant that a listed Church of 
England church has a three times 
better chance of avoiding demo- 
lition than a listed secular build- 

Yours faithfully, 

Chairman. General 
Synod Working Party on 
State Aid. 


First Church Estates Commis- 

Church Commissioners, 

1 Millbank, SWl. 

July 22. 

ure may bring the penalty of 
dismissal in commerce and in- 
dustry. but it does not blight the 
prospect of alternative employ- 

Vulnerable children have to be 
protected, and the Government's 
new-found enthusiasm for target- 
ing local authority expenditure 
could usefuly be deployed to 
ensure the achievement of good 
practice in child care. But the 
attitude now manifest by The 
Times, amongst others, can only 
impel social workere to safety first 
decision-taking, with its inevitable 
consequence of more children in 
care and more fractured families. 
Yours faithfully. 


Director of Social Services, 
Southern Health and Social Ser- 
vices Board. 

Seagoe Industrial Estate, 

Craigavon, Co. Armagh. 

July 18. 

But in our view it provides 
adequate security. 

The inmates of the special unit 
will be confined to accommoda- 
tion which is of the standard 
required for the detention of 
Category A prisoners and to their 
own secure exercise yard. 

Yours faithfully. 

C. J. TRAIN. Director General, 
HM Prison Service. 


Cleland House. 

Page Street. SWl. 

July 23. 

Haydon recalled 

From Mr Gordon Phillips 
Sir. Benjamin Robert Haydon 
may well have ‘'fluttered" around 
the likes of Keats and Wordsworth 
(“Twelvepenny dreadfuls”. Ber- 
nard Levin. July 14) but surely his 
most enduring memorial adoms 
the boardroom of Times News- 
papers Ltd? His memorable paint- 
ing. "Waiting for The Times’, 
reflects the coffee-house ambience 
of the 1 830s and the then para- 
mounicy of "The Thunderer". 

Haydon was also an ardent 
letter-writer to The Times. In his 
diary he notes "I Glory in these 
letters. I'll imprint them on my 
tomb-stone.” . 

Yours faithfully.- 

10 Birch Grove. W3. 

July 21 

Power politics 
in S Africa 

From Professor P. J. D. W lies 
Sir. Recent correspondents on this 
subject especially but not only 
those who oppose sanctions, are 
properly concerned with Real- 
pohtik but seem to have exceed- 
ingly narrow horizons of 
perception, and no idea of where 
power will shortly lie. For ihe 
basic power consideration is that 
Afrikaner government, even per- 
haps white participation in gov- 
ernment. is doomed, so we must 
think and act now in view of who 
will next govern. 

Will it be the ANC alone? Then 
South Africa will go Communist. 
For (i> the ANC are more or less 
Communist right now. (ii) their 
earliest and most faithful white 
ally (and infiltrator!) has been the 
SA Communist Party; (iii) they 
have never , been, and if Lord 
Chalfont (July 22) has his way 
never will have been, helped by 
Britain (or the USA), but will have 
only one serious white power to 
thank — the USSR: (iv) the 
tremendous and decisive recent 
examples of Angola and Mozam- 
bique point the way for them. 

True, they will suffer from our 
sanctions: but suffering is the 
price, willingly paid by honour- 
able men the" world over. True 
again, they will get no economic 
aid from the USSR. But they will 
get military aid which is much 
more important, and after victory, 
if Mozambique is any guide, they 
will get aid from us! 

It strains patience to have 
repeatedly to argue over South 
Africa with people who will not 
look to its East or its West. 

Yours faithfully, 


London School of Economics and 
Political Science, 

Houghton Street. WC2. 

July 23. 

The Commonwealth 

From Mr Terry Waite 
Sir, Attention is now rightly 
focused on the role of the 
- Commonwealth in ending apart- 
heid in South Africa. Bui surely 
the first question is how far Britain 
appreciates the Commonwealth 
itself, whose unique multiracial 
association represents a value to 
this country in terms of econom- 
ics. friendship and support which 
far outweighs any benefit from the 
South African connection. 

The only statutory body inform- 
ing Britain about the Common- 
wealth is the Commonwealth 
Institute in Kensington, a cultural 
and educational agency funded by 
the Foreign and Commonwealth 
Office and with all the Common- 
wealth High Commissioners on its 
board of governors. • A British 
policy review of the institute — the 
first for 34 years - is now in 

One of its terms of reference 
asks it to 

consider how far it is necessary or 
cost effective for the institute's 
functions to be carried out by a 
public sector body; what is the scope 
for altering any of them, or 
transfering them to other bodies; 
and to examine the possibilities for 
reducing the institute's dependence 
on British Government funding. 

I hope that all organisations and 
individuals concerned to 
strengthen British participation in 
the Common wealth, and the work 
of the Commonwealth Institute in 
particular, will convey their views 
to the Commonwealth Institute's 
review body, e/a The Foreign and 
Commonwealth Office, London. 
Yours sincerely, 


Lambeth Palace. 5E1. 

July 21. 

Passing the parcel 

Front Mrs Jill Hitxtable 
Sir, 1 recently knitted a sweater for 
my son living in France. On its 
arrival he bad to pay just over £20 
VAT on it. On making enquiries 
he was informed that there exists a 
reciprocal agreement between the 
French and British governments 
whereby VAT is payable in addi- 
tion to duty on all such parcels. 

Are we or are we not in a 
Common Market? When I pur- 
chased the wool in this country the 
price, of course, included VAT. 
No process other than my own 
knitting effort was applied to the 

Yours faithfully. 


71 Jerrymoor Hill. 


Wokingham. Berkshire. 

Bugle Boy 

From Mrs Phyllis l ’allon 
Sir. I refer to your news item (July 
24) on the death of Bugle Boy, the 
25-year-old Army horse who col- 
lapsed with such precision timing 
at Admiralty Arch along the 
processional route of the royal 

As one of the tens of thousands 
of spectators. I stood almost 
opposite this beautiful creature at 
Admiralty Arch. As I watched 
Bugle Boy (whose name I have 
only just learned) I was aware of 
the agonising last moments before 
he collapsed. 

I clearly observed the tremen- 
dous torments of this highly 
intelligent, so well disciplined, 
loyal horse who would not permit 
himself the privilege of collapsing 
until the sound of the hoofs of the 
Household Cavalry had died 
away. Only then did he allow first 
one leg and moments later another 
leg lo spoil the dignity of his stand. 

Allow me to pay this memorial 

Yours faithfully. 


13 Penrith Avenue. 



JULY 28 1815 

Fallowing his defeat at Waterloo 
Napoleon abdicated and intended 
going to America. He arrived at > 
Rochefort to find the BellerophoU : 

and other ships blocking the 
harbour. He decided to surrender , 
and seek a.'nium from the British [ 
Government, writing to the Prince^ 
Regent " grant me this ’ ! 

S roteciion "JHou/ever, an the -■ 
rrophon "s arrival of Plymouth ' 
he was informed of the 
Government's decision to intern " 
him on St Helena, where he died,, 
in 1621. The writer was a 
passenger on board the ship. 


The following account is taker) -- 
from the same source as that of 
yesterday: •• — 

“H^LShip Belleropbon. July 2i. 

"On the 16th of this month, a ^ 
(lag of truce arrived from A is - 
Roads (where there were lying two ' ' 
frigates, two corvettes, aad a brig,- 
which we were blockading) having' * 
on board the noted Savary, Due d« - . 
Rovigo; . and the Count de 
Lascasses, Chamberlain to Napo- ■ 
leon; the object of whose mission 
was Vo procure leave for Napoleon * 
and his suite to proceed to America 
in one of the frigates, or in a • 
merchantman, if that could not be. 
allowed. This was immediately -- 
refused by Captain Maitland, not : , 
withstanding Savary threw out a 
hint of the probability of the 1 
French squadron coming out and 
forcing their passage. ' 1 1 " 

_..CaptainAJaitlandha\-ingbeen- -■ 
an old cruizer here, was intimately 1 
well acquainted with every passage; r 
and I never saw a man so ... 
indefatigable and zealous in his- — 
exertions, or whose judgement was 
so correct in the steps which he -- 
took with the small force under big 
command, to prevent the possibili; 
tv of Napoleon's escape. We were 
kept constantly cleared and ready, - 
for action, night and day, and only .X 
the hammocks of the watch al- 
lowed below at a time. On the 14th, 
while at anchor about three miles 
from the enemy’s frigates, we 
perceived a flag of truce again in' ~ 
the rooming, on board of which 
were the aforesaid De Lascasses. ^ 
and Lieut Gen. Count L'Allemana, 
Aide de-camp to Napoleon. After; 
being some hours on board they - 
departed, and then we learned, that! "• 
probably we should have the - 
satisfaction of receiving the Eft- ' 
Emperor. In the evening another. > 
flag of truce came out, on board pf " 
which were De Lascasses, and 
General Gorgaud. also Aide de- ~ 
Camp to Napoleon, with two of his 
pages, and part of his baggage. We " 
now became pretty certain of 
seeing him. Captain Maitland 
dispatched die Slaney immediately •- 
with this important intelligence 
and with General Gorgaud cn 
board, with a letter from Napdeoh" 
to the Prince Regent direct to - 
England. The following morning ' 
day light, we perceived a brig and • 
schooner working out of Afx * 
Roads. The Captain dispatched the »’ 
boats to them, and in the space ttf * 
an hour the First Lieutenant Mr. .• 
Mott, returned in the barge, ac,-, ^ 
companied by the “once great -- 
Ruler of Half the World," wirlj . 
Lieut.- General Count Bertrand.’ - 
Savary (the Due de Rovigo). 
General Count Moutholon, and the . 
Countesses Bertrand and * 
Moutholon. When he came on the 
quarter deck, he said, in a firm and 
certainly dignified manner, in 
French, to Captain Maitland — “/ 
come to claim the protection of 
your Prince and of your Laws . " “ . 

“I observed! his person particu- 
larly. and can describe him thus: 

He is about 5 feet 7 inches in 
height, very strongly made, and ; 
well proportioned; very broad and 
deep chest; legs and thighs propor- 
tioned with great symmetry and 
strength, a small, round, and 
handsome foot. His countenance is • 
sallow, and as it were deeply ringed, 
by hot climates; but the most ; 
commanding air I ever saw. FJis. „ 
eyes grey, and the most piercing a 
that you can imagine. J4is giant#, 
you fancy, searches into your 
inmost thoughts. His hair dark 
brown, and no appearance of gre> 

His features are handsome now. 
and when younger he must have 
been a very handsome man. He ia I 
rather fat, and his belly protube^- ■ 
ant, but he appears active notwifli- : 
standing. His step and demeanour ■ 
altogether commanding. He looks- : 

about 45 or 46 years of age. He; is ; 
extremely curious, and never ^ 
passes any thing remarkable in the - 
ship without immediately demaiitC. ; 
ing its use, and inquiring minutely, 
into the manner thereof. He also- . 
stops and asks the officers divers 
questions relative to the time they ’ 
have been in the service, what ; 
actions. &c.: and he caused all of us 
to be introduced to him the first 
day he came on board. He has also 
asked several questions about the 
marines, particularly those who 
appeared to have been some tirqe 
in the service, and about the 
warrant officers, midshipmen, sea- 
men. &c. He was but a very' short, 
time on board when he asked that, 
the boatswain might be sent for... 


From Mr Derek II alters 
Sir, Yesterday 1 collected ^ 
prescription for my mother. The 
tablets were dispensed in Ivijb 
bottles fitted with “child-proof^ 
tops. These completely defeated 
all my efforts to unscrew them; 
and eventually, cutting the Got 
dian knot, I had to smash .one 
bottle with a hammer, and use a 
hacksaw on the second, made pf 
plastic. V - 

My mother is aged 77 and 
arthritic: how she and the thou- 
sands of Other patients like her can 
be expected to cope with this 
testing and cruel obstacle is>b£ 
yond my comprehension. ; ; " 
Yours faithfully. T 


1 8 Victoria Crescent, 

Tottenham, N15. — ‘ 

July 23. 










_^July 26: The Queen arrived at 
<, -Sliding Station in the Royal 
Train this morning and was 
.'.'received by Her Majesty's Lord- 

- -Lieutenant Tor Stirlingshire 
~ (Lieutenant-Colonel James 

Upon arrival The Secretary of 
e.; State of Scotland (The Right 
-Hon Malcolm Rifkind. MP| 
^joined Her Majesty's Household 
. as Minister in attendance. 

The Queen. Colonel-in-Chief. 
"'the Argyll and Sutherland High- 
landers. subsequently presented 

- new Colours to the 3rd Battalion 
.5 1 si Highland Volunteers (Ar- 
gyll and Sutherland High- 

. landers) at Stirling Castle. 

Having been received upon 
^'arrival woh a Royal Salute. Her 
'.'Majesty was then received by 

- the Colonel, the Argyll and 
*' Sutherland Highlanders (Major- 

General C.P.R. Palmer) and 
'■'escorted to the Saluting Base. 

.... After the presentation. The 
-Queen was graciously pleased to 
address the Parade and the 
' Commanding Officer (Lieuten- 
; ant-Colonef EJ. Ostman) 

' 'replied. 

•• A detachment of the Queen’s 
' Bodyguard for Scotland, the 
.Royal Company of Archers was 
■* on duty. 

Her Majesty then walked 
across the Esplanade to the 
Drawbridge where the Heredi- 
tary Keeper of Stirling Castle 
(the Earl of Mar and Kellie) 
"surrendered to The Queen the 
Keys of the Castle which Her 
Majesty returned to him. 

Afterwards. The Queen at- 
tended a Reception in the 
"Chapel Royal and honoured the 
Commanding Officer with her 
■ presence at luncheon in the 
"Regimental Headquarters. 

-■ After luncheon. Her Majesty 
~ viewed the reconstruction work the Great Hall of Stirling 

- Castle. 

‘ The Secretary of Stale for 
Scotland (the Right Hon Mai- 
^ colm Rifkind. MP: Minister-in- 
^'AttendanceJ. Lady Susan 
-Hussey, Mr Kenneth Scott, Mr 
."Victor Chapman and Major 

- Hugh Lindsay were in 

. . The Queen then drove to the 
Palace of Holyroodhouse and 
\;toas received by the Hereditary 
keeper of the Palace of 
Holyroodhouse (the Duke of 
'Hamilton and Brandon), 
i The High Constables of the 
Palace of Holyroodhouse were 
on duty. 

- The following are in atten- 
_ dance: The Earl of Airlie (Lord 
' Chamberlain). The Countess of 
■-.Airlie and Lady Susan Hussey 

. (Ladies in Waiting). The Right 
-Hon Sir William HeseJtine (Pri- 
"vate Secretary to The Queen), 

- Rear-Admiral Sir Paul Greening 
: (Master of the Household). 
„J-t/Col Sir John Johnston 
(Comptroller. Lord Chamber- 
lain Office), Lt/Col Sir John 
'Miller (Crown Equerry), Mr 
-Kenneth Scott (Assistant Pri- 
vate Secretary). Lt/Col Blair 
Stewart-Wilson (Deputy Master 
11 -of the Household), Ll/Col 
..George West (Assistant Comp- 
troller. Lord Chamberlain Of- 
^fice). Mr Michael Shea (Press 
.'Secretary to The Queen). Mr 
Victor Chapman (Assistant 
Press Secretary) and Major 
Hugh Lindsay (Equerry in 
• Waiting). 

;. The Duke of Edinburgh today 
attended Commonwealth 
Games Events in Edinburgh. 
Squadron Leader Timothy 
p Finneron and Major Rowan 
Uackson. RM were in 

By command of The Queen, 

, Sir .Ashley Ponsonby. Bt (Her 

■ Majesty’s Lord- Lieutenant for 
j Oxfordshire) was present al 

■ Royal Air Force Bnze Norton 
this morning upon the arrival of 

The Sultan of Oman and wel- 
comed His Majesty on behalf of 
Her Majesty. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Lord Skdmersdale (Lord in 
Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London to- 
day upon the departure of the 
Governor-General of Fiji anf 
Lady Bale Ganilau. the Gov- 
ernor General of the Solomon 
Islands and Lady Dcvesi and the 
Governor-General of St Chris- 
topher and Nevis and Lady 
Arrindcll. and bade farewell to 
Their Excellencies on behalf of 
Her Majesty. 

July 27: The Queen and The 
Duke of Edinburgh, accompa- 
nied by The Prince Edward, 
attended Morning Service in the 
Canongale Kirk. Edinburgh 
where Her Majesty and Their 
Royal Highnesses were received 
by the Minister (the Reverend 
Charles Robertson). 

The Countess of Airlie, Lady 
Susan Hussey, the Right Hon 
Sir William Heseliine. Mr 
Kenneth Scott and Major Hugh 
Lindsay were in attendance. 

Mr .Alexander McDonald had 
the honour of being received by 
The Queen when Her Majesty 
invested him with the Insignia 
of a Member of the Royal 
Victorian order. 

pie Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh, accompanied by 
The Prince Edward, this after- 
noon attended the . Athletics 
events of the Commonwealth 
Games in the Meadow bank 

Her Majesty and Their Royal 
Highnesses were received by 
Her Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant 
for the City of Edinburgh (Dr 
John McKay, the Right Hon the 
Lord Provost) and the Chair- 
man of the Commonwealth 
Games Federation (Mr Peter 

The Secretary of State for 
Scotland (the Right Hon Mal- 
colm Rifkind. MP; Minister-in- 
Anendance). the Countess of 
Airlie. Mr Kenneth Scott and 
Major Hugh Lindsay were 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
President of the Common- 
wealth Games Federation, this 
evening attended the 
Federation's General Assembly 
at the Caledonian Hotel, 

Major Rowan Jackson, RM 
was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips arrived at the Palace of 
Holyroodhouse this evening. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Lord Brabazon of Tara 
( Lord in Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London to- 
day upon the departure of the 
Governor-General of Barbados 
and Lady Springer, the Gov- 
ernor-General of Papua New 
Guinea and Lady Dibela, the 
Governor-General of St Lucia 
and Lady Lewis and the Gov- 
ernor-General of Belize, and 
bade farewell to Their Ex- 
cellencies on behalf of Her 

Birthdays, today 

Dame Joyce Bishop. 90: Profes- 
sor Sir Frederick Crawford. 55: 
the Earl of Cromer. 68; Profes- 
sor R.C. Curran. 65: Sir Horace 
Cutler, 74; Sir Kenneth Dur- 
ham. 62: Sir Peter Green. 62: Mr 
R.B. Henderson. 57; Sir Mau- 
rice Holmes. 75: Sir Russell 
Johnston. MP, 54: Lord Murray 
of Newhaven. 83; Dame Rose- 
mary Murray. 73; Mr Riccardo 
Muti. 45; Sir Humphrey Mynors 
and Sir Roger Mynors." 83; 
Professor Sir Karl Popper. CH, 


Certain regular items on 
the page, including 
appointments in the 
Forces, have been held 
over to tomorrow 

Mr A.C. Neill 
and Miss J.M, Bell 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday al the Church of Si 
Francis of Assisi. Miiford-on- 
Sea. Hampshire, of Mr Andrew 
Neill, eldest son ofSir Brian and 
Lady Neill, of 48 Ham Street. 
Richmond. Surrey, and Miss 
Joanna Bell, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs David Bell, of 10 
The Orchard. Milford-on-Sea. 
and Singapore. Faiher Thomas 
J. Dunne officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her lather, was 
attended by Hannah Bell. An- 
drew Bell." Christopher Tighe. 
Jonathan Tighe and Miss Kaiy 
Bell. Mr Michael Neill was best 

A reception was held at lhe 
Rhinefield House Hotel. 
Brockenhursi. and the honey- 
moon will be spent in Kenya 
and the Seychelles. 

Captain C.H.C. Lyneh-Stannton 
and Miss M.K. Gibbs 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Etheldreda's. 
Guilsborough. Northampton, of 
Captain Charles Lynch-Staun- 
ton. The Light Infantry, younger 
son of Major A.C. Lynch- 
Sta union, of The Coach House, 
Nunny. Somerset, and Mrs A.F. 
Lynch-Sta union, of Clifden. 
Tcignmomh. Devon, and Miss 
Marcia Gibbs, eldest daughter 
of the Rev William and Lady 
Sarah Gibbs, of Guilsborough 
Vicarage. Northampton. Canon 
Robert W. Miles officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Deborah Mac- 
donald of" Sleat. Imongen 
Dunipace. Katrina Lynch- 
Staumon. Lady Rose Alexander. 
Miss Selina Gibbs and Miss 
Susannah Gibbs. Captain An- 
drew T relawney was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

Mr D.R. Gunn 
and Miss SJ. Flax-man 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Michael's. 
Tenbury Wells, of Mr Donald 
Gunn, son of Lady Gunn and 
the late Air Marshal Sir George 
Gunn, of Lech lade Park. 
Lechlade. Gloucestershire, and 
Miss Sarah Flaxman. eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
Flaxman. of Spring Grove 
House. Old wood Common. 
Tenbury. Wdls. Worcestershire. 
Prebendary Gordon H.M. 
•Thompson officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Rosemary 
Cochrane. Ruth Sliney-Tate, 
Miss Diana Flaxman and Miss 
Emma Valentine. . Mr Michael 
Conrad was best man.. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent in the 

Mr N. Janies 
and Miss S.C.H. Clarke 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Church of St 
Mary and St Martin. Chudleigh, 
Devon, of Mr' Nicholas James, 
only son of the Rev John and 
Mrs James, of Rowde. Wilt- 
shire. and Miss Sarah Caroline 
Howard Clarke, daughter ofSir 
Jonathan and Lady Clarke, of 
Bovey Tracey. Devon. The Rev 
John James officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Emma Darner and 
Miss Juliette Clarke. Mr Robert 
Danter was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent in the 
Greek Islands. 

Mr J.D. Britton 
and Mrs AJ. Croie 
The marriage took place in 
London on July 15 between Mr 
Jim Britton ana Mrs Jane Croie 
(nee Henderson). 

Mr S.M. Flower 
and Miss KJ. Maguire 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July 26. 1986. at St 
John's Church. Durham, be- 
tween Mr Simon Michael 
Flower, son of Mr and Mrs J. 
Flower, of Acton House. St 
Thomas’s Street Ryde. Isle of 
WighL and Miss Kirsten Jen- 
nifer Maguire, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs J. Maguire, of 
Woodside. Famley Hey Road. 

Mr T. Choepjal 
and Miss L. Van Gruisen 
The marriage took place 
Tuesday. Jul$ 15. 1986. in 
Winchester, of Mr Tenzin 
Ghocg>al. eldest son of Mr and 
Mrs Dorgc Wangdak 
Dong: ot sang, yfTihet, and Miss 
Lisa Van Gruisen. eldest daugh- 
ter of Mr M.H. Van Gruisen and 
Mrs Anne Irvme-Fonescue. 

Mr D.C. Guest 
and Miss H.M. Coode-Adams 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at All Saint's Church. 
Fecring. between Mr David 
GucsL youngest son of Mr and 
Mrs Patrick Guest of Lower 
Bcitws Farm, Hereford, and 
Miss Henrietta Coode-Adams. 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Giles Coode-Adams. of 
Fceringbury Manor. Colchester. 
The Rev Aubrey Moody 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Bertie Stevenson. 
Laurence Fox. Rebecca Steven- 
son. Harriet Fox, Madeleine 
Fox. and Silver Guest Mr 
Oliver Laughton-Scolt was best 

A reception was held at 
Feeringbury Manor and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

Mr G.A. Household 

and Mrs C.L. Studd 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July 19. between Mr 
Geoffrey Andreas Household 
and Mrs Christa Lconor Studd 
(nee Floering). A service of 
blessing was held at Court Gate 
House. Harboumeford. South 
BrenL Devonshire. 

MrV.A.M. Kennard 
and Miss G.E.M. Ames 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July 26. at Al] Saints 
Church. Odiham. Hampshire, 
of Mr Vivian KennartL son of 
the late Major David Kennard. 
and of Mrs David Kennard. of 
Chilfrome House. Dorchester. 
Dorset, and Miss Georgina 
Ames, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
George Ames, of The Bury 
Cottage. Odiham. Hampshire. 
The Rev R.L. Hancock. Chap- 
lain to (he Forces (retd), offici- 
ated. assisted by the Rev R.C. 
Hubble, vicar of the parish. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Camilla Jackson. 
Henrietta de PeleL Olivia Ev- 
ans. Thomas White. Anthony 
Collett, and Simon Morrison. 
Mr Michael Batten was best 

A reception was held at 
Blounce House. South 
Wamborough. and the honey- 
moon is being spent abroad. 

Mr J.A.G. Mflward 
- and Miss S.C. Tanner 
The marriage' took place on 
Saturday. July 26. at All Saints. 
Wrington. of Mr Justin 
Milwand. only son of Mr and 
Mrs Roderick Milward. and 
Miss Sarah Tanner, elder daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Stephen 
Tanner. The Rev Mark 
Thomas, the bride's Cousin, 
officiated, assisted by the Rev 
Derek Hooper. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her faiher. was 
attended by Rebecca and Claire 
Pelly-Fry. Charlotte Elgood, 
Adam Ing. and Edward Robin- 
son. Mr Jonathan Hippisley was 
best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home, of the bride’s, grand- 
mother and the honeymoon will 
be spent abroad. 

Mr J. Toogood 

and Mrs J.E.E. Martin 

The marriage took place on July 

23. 1986. quietly in London of 

Mr John Toogood and Mrs June 


Mr M.T. Vernon 
and Miss H.L. Worsley 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July. 19. al Holy 
Trinity. Hursxpierppint, of Mr 
Mark Tnornycroft -Vernon, ordy 
son of Mr Michael Vernon, or 
Fyfield. Hampshire, and Mrs 
Rosbeen Vernon, of London, 
and Miss Harriet Laura 
Worsley. eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J.B. Worsley, of 
Hurstpierpoinu Sussex. The 
Rev Michael Judge officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her lather, was 
attended by Miss Alison 
Worsley and Miss Victoria 
Worsley. Mr Peter Lindsay was 
best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride. 


Key American statesman in war 

Mr Averell Harriman, who 
died on July 26 at the age of 
94, was the last survivor 
among Americans who played 
a major role in the Second 
World War. He was used by 
Franklin D. Roosevelt, whom 
he had known since child- 
hood, on missions abroad of 
the greatest importance, 
which he fulfilled with- cool 
efficiency. Among civilian 
aides of Roosevelt, only. Harry 
Hopkins bad comparable in- 
fluence in foreign affairs. Har- 
riman attended nearly all the 
big .Allied conferences, includ- 
ing Casablanca, Teheran and 

He was an example of a 
phenomenon now fast disap- 
pearing in England, if not m 
the United States: the man of 
great wealth who devotes 
most of his life to the service 
of his country. 

His public career began in 
1 934 and span ned four Demo- 
crat] c presidencies and 35 
years, during which time be 
served his native state of New 
York as governor and his 
country as ambassador, junior 
minister, cabinet minister and 
chairman of the American 
delegation in the opening 
stages of the Paris peace 
conference on Vietnam. 

In domestic politics he was, 
on the whole, a failure. Elected 
as Governor of New York in 
1954, he felled to win re- 
election in I95S; and his 
unsuccessful bid Tor the Dem- 
ocratic nomination in 19561 
was his only major venture 
into Lhe politics of his party. 

Yet ihere are those who 
campaigned for him in 1954 
who still remember his cam- 
paigning style with affection, 
as. dressed in the kind of 
scruffy, crumpled seersucker 
which only the fairly poor or 
. the impossibly rich can wear 
without affectation, he 
slumped through the Bronx 
and the East Side or slouched 
angular and towering among 
the farmers of upstate New 

He was, however, an excel- 
lent negotiator and a first-class 
administrator, and- he dev el- " 
oped into one of this century's 

lease. Roosevelt said: “l want 
you to go over to London and 
recommend everything that 
we can do, short of war, to 
keep the British Isles afloat". 

He took part in. the Placen- 
tia Bay Conference at wfu'ch 
the Atlantic Charter was draft- 
ed, andin the autumn of .1941' 

through which American mili- 
tary aid to Europe was 

With the election of a 
Republican administration 
under President Eisenhower 
in January, 1953, Harriman, 
ahyays a staunch Democrat, 
resigned .and 'returned to his 

accompanied. Loixf Beaver- .' natrvei^ewYoric.There, for. a 
brook to Moscow to arrange time, he nourished" presiden- 
for Russia's desperate needs " tial ambitions! 

for war material to be met out 
of 1 end-1 ease appropriations 
(most of them originally des- 
tined for Britain). 

His position in wartime 
Britain was even more impor- 
tant -than that of the US 
ambassador, John G. Winant, 
because he appealed more to 
Churchill and was known to 
be closer to Roosevelt. Chi 
December 7, 1941, jhe and his 
daughter Kathleen, were stay- 
ing with. Churchill at Chequers - 
when (the news df Peari Har- : 

In 1954 he ~ran for the 
■governorship of New York 
Stale, winning' by a narrow 
majority in a year when the 
electoral tide seemed still 
running strongly for the Re- 
publicans. His stale legisla- 
ture,- however, was under 
Republican control; and his 
campaign pledges for in- 
creased expenditure on the 
state's soda! services, depend- 
ing as they did bn the' state 
legislature's willingness., to 
■volt for increased state faxes, 
prbved difficult cany-o ut 

bor came through. . 

/.In October. 1943, he' was - - He was pTedged'tb support 
most astute and knowledge- appointed US ambassador Tri - Adlai Stevenson for the party 
able American diplomatists. Moscow. In this capacity he "nomination in 1 956 so long as 

worked closely with his British Stevenson was the obvious 
opposite number. Sir 
Archibald Clark Ken-,. later 

He was also an unashamed 
and lifelong Anglophile. 
William Averell Harriman 

was bom in New York City on Lord InverchapeL who judged 
November 15, 1891. His fa- him intelligent and very. like- 
iKer, Edward Henry Ham- able but a Tittle apt to change 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

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sender, may be scot In; 

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Announcements can be rescued b> 
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St Mallhcw 6- 34 


•HENTSCH - On 24th July. lo Tania 

• lure Trhemlabr and Phlllo. a daugh- 

• ter. PtiUUppa Mary Elizabeth. 

- HOUSE - On 26th June, to Philip and 
Sally mee Georgiadesi. a son. Lewis 
. Philip George. 

• RELAND On July 25th. In Melbourne. 
1 Australia, to Fiona rnee Anderson) 

• and Julian, a Hammer. A sister for 

• William. 

'JACOBS - On July I6Ui 1986. to 
Calhertne inw CTDonoghuei and 
Graham, a son. Daniel Graham, a 
brother for Charlotte. 

' KENNARD On July 26th. in Qatar, to 
' Lucy and Nigel, a son. Jonathan 
David . 

KEPPEL - on 2isl July, to Frances 

• and Colin, a son. 

' July in Jersey, to Bridget and Guy. a 

• son. 


MTLLAtS ■ on July 2Sth. lo Amanda 
. and Hesketh. a daughter. Katherine 
, Alice. 

NASH - On 26fh July, at Ipswich 
■ Hospttal. Suffolk, to Aline in*? vane- 
Tempest) and Philip, a daughter. 
—Camilla Judith. 


BENDER : PAYMENT ■ On 26Ui July. 
1986 al Si. Mary Magdalene Church. 
Great Burst ead. Essex Nicholas 
Peter Bender to Lesley Payment. 

COOfMBS * LONDSALE The marriage 
took place on Saturday June 14th at 
the Church of St mary the virgin. 
Charlton Marshall. Dorset of Mr 
Derek Coombs youngest son of the 
tale Mr A Mrs Clifford Coombs & 
Miss Jennifer Lonsdale eldest daugh- 
ter of Mr A Mrs Edward Londsdale. 
the reverend David Pennal officiat- 
ed. The bride who was given in 
manage by her faiher was ah ended 
by Mbs Sophie Biundon. Miss Kale 
Blunden a MfcB Jessica Blunden. Mr 
Keith Coombs was Best man. The re- 
cep I Ion was held al StepJefon House. 

LUMSPEN On July 25th 1986 at Stir- 
ling Royal infirmary lo Ian and Mary 
Ann mfe vvenxmi a daughter. Sarah 
Eiuabeth Henrietta, a sister for 

WILLIS : CLARK ■ The marriage look 
place on Friday. 25m July al 6L 
Marv's Church. Chtcfcnev between 
Arnold iBamcy) Willis and Gladys 
Clark, recently of South Tawton. 
Devon. The ceremony wav conduct- 
ed by the Rev. Jack Fllby. Vicar of 
Broxied. Dun mow. Essex. 


CA5MADER - On Friday. 25th July 

1986. peacefully at her daughter's 
home In Ham. Surrey: Laurel, aged 
85 years, of Greencoal Row. Vic- 
lor la. SWT. Funeral service at 
Mon lake Crematorium. SVV14 on 
Wednesday. 30th July al lO.SOam. 
Floral Irtbules may be sent to Sand- 
ers. Funeral Directors. Ham. Surrey, 
or. If desired, donations to The Mac- 
Millan Team lor Terminal Care 
PauenH. A verm Lodge. Kingston 
HosmiaL Surrey. 

CULVCRD. On July asm peacefully at 
Melksnam. Marione. Alice aoed 85. 
widow of Ralph, beloved mother of 
Derek and Barbara and very dear 
Cranny and Great Granny. Crema- 
tion private. 

COLOHAM - On 25th July. 1986. al 
lhe Bernard Sunley Home. Woking. 
John Maurice, formerly of Sedbergh 
School and Billon Grange, much 
loved father and grandfather. Pri- 
vate cremation. No (lowers please. 
Donations, if desired, lo Friends of 

the Elderly. Memorial Service at 
Boddlngton lo be announced taler, 


EVANS - On July 22nd 1986. Edward 
Aldan Griffith »Dan) oT Barnes. 
SW13. aged 77. Beloved husband of 
Edilh Mary iBai. and rather of 
A lane Service at St Mary’s Church. 
Barnes al 1 1 am on Friday. August 
1st. foPowed by private tnlcrmenl at 
Edburion. Sussex. Rowers to TJt. 
Sanders & Sons Ltd. 36 High Street 
SM’13- ■ ~ 

FRERE - On July 2Sth. 1986. peaceful- 
ly al Stamford. Lines. Agnes 
Barbara, aged 102. widow of N G 
Frere. CMC. and mother of 
Shepnard. Barilo and DavhL 
CUBBBtS On 23rd July. Jimmy, mewl 
betov ed husband of Sheila and dev ot 
ed father of Heather. Holly. Jennifer. 
Tinka. Sean and Candida. Always In 
our hearts. Memorial service al noon 
16th August. Brenchley Church. 

HEREFORD - On July 23rd. 1986. hi 
hospital. Cedi John (Jack) aged 85. 
Commander R.N.R. tret’di. Char- 
tered Engineer. Liveryman of the 
Cold and Sliver Wyre Drawers Co 
of the City of London. Loving hus- 
band of Trudle and the late Dorothy, 
father of John, father-in-law of 
Audrey and grandfather of 
Elizabeth Funeral Service at St 
Mary's Parish Church. Richmond at 
3 00 pm on Wednesday. July 30th. 
No nowers please but donations, rt 
desired, to Uw Royal Srar and Garter 
Home. Richmond. Surrey. Enqutnes 
lo T.H. Sanders A Sons Ud. 01-948 

MIL. Murray Victor Burrow. D50. 
M.C.. retired softener, aged 99. on 
Friday. 25th July in hospital. Lale of 
Ml Ilham Collage. BroadweU. 
Marfon-ln- Marsh, Glov Unde of 
Timothy Hill at BroadweU. Morion- 
In -Marsh. and John Phipps. 
Cremation at Oxford at 11.30 on 
Wednesday. 30ch July. 

LAST On July 24ih. peacefully at 
home. Marion Mitchell uiee Allan l. 
also known as May. Cremation 
Thursday. 31s! July al 3.10 pm 
Gotders Green. 

LJUMSDEN - Peacefully at home. 
Arden-Beag. Craigetidoran. 

Helensburgh on 25Ui July. 1986. 
Henrietta Macfarlane. aged 94 years, 
wife of the late Sir James Robert 
Lumsden of Arden. Service In Lass- 
Palish Church on Tuesday. 29*n 
July al 1.46 pm to which all friends 
are invited. Cremation thereafter pri- 
vate Family flowers only please. 

LIITHMAN on July 24ih peacefully al 
home wim her family. Dorothea, 
greatly loved widow, mother and 
grandmother. Deeply missed by all 
her family everywhere. Funeral at 
SL Johns Church. Northwood on 
Wednesday July 30th al llJSOam. 

LYON George Ray Belov ed husband of 
Hazel, loving rather of Christopher. 
Carol- Anne and Jonathan peacclutty 
al his home hi San la Barbara. Cali- 
fornia on Saturday 19lh July after 
an illness bravely borne. He was sur- 
rounded by all his family and b very 
deeply mourned. 

MITCHELL On 25th July. Lieutenant 
Colonel Geoffrey Hugh of Malindf. 
Kenya. In his 83th year. Much loved 
husband of Nina, father of BilL An 
thony and Simon and loving 

NORRIS On 24th July, peacefully, 
Laura Phyllis much loved wife of 
H,W. iBcrtle) Norris. Family flowers 
only bul donations, if desired- to ttte 
Arthritis and Rheumatism Council . 
41 Eagle St. London wein 4AR. 

— Onftalibri'prtvater No letters' PtaB*. 

i _ 

OTtORXE on Thursday July 24th. 
peacefully at home. Certha O Rorke. 
late of Qinsl church NZ. Funeral ser- 
vice 12.30. Wednesday July 30th. 
Chelsea OM Church. 

RAMBAUT - On July 24Ui. ar Chellen- 
ham. Amy Vera, formerly H.M. 
Inspector of Schools. Younger 
daughter of the lale John Ackland 
and Catherine Rambaut and sister of 
the lair Catherine Hawkins. Crema- 
tion to be prrceeded by a short 
service al St. Mary's Church. 
Chariton Kings. Cheltenham, on 
Thursday. July 31st at 10.00 am. 

On July 24m. Leon of De 
'ere Cardens. Kensington. Beloved 
husband of Romany and faiher of 
James. Timothy and Lucy Enquiries 
lo JH. Kenyon Ud. 49 Marloes 
Road. we. tel. 937 0757. 

5EHSNK - On 2dtb Juty. Dr. Talbol 
David Seiqne M.C. beloved husband 
ol Carole, father of John. Patrick. 
Jane. Michael mid Timothy. Brother 
of Penelope <Jilli and Derek. Rema- 
wn Mass al St. BridgKTs Church 
Cross haven. CO. Cork. Monday July 
28th at 2.30 pm. Funeral private. 

STEWART On July 2SUi 1986. peace- 
fully al Penerley Lodge. Beautifeu 
and formerly of LynUngton. Dr G R S 
■b«Hi Stewart, widower of MamareL 
greatly loved rather of Jenny and 
John, and a dearest Gram pie. Ser 
vice private No letters please. 

TAPSTER - On 24ih July, al the Royal 
Marsden HosoitaL Surrey, after a 
long, brave fight. Olive of Magnolia 
Collage. Si Hilhide Road. East 
EweU. wife of Group Captain tan 
Tapster and mother of ChrMopher. 
Susan and lan. Funeral at North East 
Surrey Crematorium on Wednesday. 
3Cih July. Family flowers only Do- 
nations. if desired. lo Cancer 

VAUGHAN EIRA - On 2Slti July, 
peacefully alter a long and lull life. 
All enquiries regarding funeral 
arrangements 10 Copeland A Son 
1 OI -65G 2295L Donations, ir desired, 
lo .Musicians Benevolent Fund- 


TENNANT Mew Alison Margaret. 
O-BE - A Service of Thanksgiving 
lor lhe life and work of AIKon 
Tennant will be netd on Wednesday. 
3CUi July 1986 al 2 30 pm al St. 
Peter's Church, talon Square. SWl. 


YOUNG- JAMES 4 memorial service in 
Uwikvgtving for the Me of Squadron 
Leader D A dr s Voung- James wilt 
be held al 12 noon on Friday. Sep 
tember 5th. al the Church of St 
demon Danes. Strand. WC2 

man, had been one of the 
boldest, toughest and most 
successful of lhe “’robber 
barons”, the self-made mil- 
lionaires of the 1870s and 
1830s, a railway magnate 
whose lines covered most of 
the United States. 

His father instilled into 
Harriman the Puritan ethic 
that “great wealth requires 
great responsibilities”. But be- 
fore he was ready to act on this 
precept, he felt obliged to 
increase his own wealth, shift- 
ing from the Union Pacific 
Railroad, which he formed on 
leaving New York in 1913, to 
build up the largest American- 
owned and registered mer- 
chant fleet, and to found his 
own investment firm, W. A. 
Harriman & Co. in 1920. " 

In 1931, he merged it with 
the banking firm of Brown 
Brothers and returned to the 
railroad business as chairman 
of the Illinois Central Rail- 
road ( 1 932-1942) and as chair- 
man of Union Pacific. 

In bis youth, Harriman was 
conspicuously handsome and 
athletic. In 1 928. be was in the 
American international polo 
learn. Together with a few 
friends he introduced skiing as 
a popular recreation to the 
United Slates, developing the 
Sun Valley resort in the Rocky 
Mountains, and inventing the’ 
first ski chair lift 

He was first brought into 
public life by President Roose- 
velt as a member of the 
business advisory council of 
the Department of Commerce 
in the days of the First New 
Deal and the National Recov- 
ery Administration. But the 
job was mainly cosmetic Lat- 
er he was appointed to the 
Office of Production Manage- 
ment to prepare American 
industry for war. 

But his first real engagement 
in public life came in 1940 
when he was briefly brought 
into the Defense Department 
before being sent to Britain in 
1941 as administrator of 
Britain's share of lend- 

his tune in accordance with 
the prevailingi 
in the United : 

In this, Clark Kerr did him a 
little less than justice. Harri- 
man was one of the earliest 
leading Americans tojsound a 
warning note about Soviet ment to satisfy thecentre right 
expansionist amhilibhs, ■ _o£theipaax^MiIeJuSiiiuifepp- 
ihough, like his British col- ken support for civil, rights 
leagues, he was somewhat " ’ '' 

beguiled by Stalin's 


first choice. But he made it 
clear that should Stevenson's . 
support falter he reserved his 
freedom of action. 

He was vulnerable to attack 
from the Democratic left for 
his association with the party 
bosses urNew York; without 
whose supppn- he could not 
have' bear elected. Yet his 
principles smacked too. much 
of Roesevekiaa big govem- 

Kennedy enlisted in the ser- 
vice of his foreign policy. 
Harriman could successfully 
accommodate himself to die 
. methods of new 

. administration. • 

: He served .as Assistant Sec* 

• retary of State for Far Eastern 
affairs and. then as; .Under 
Secretary, of State-fin- political 
: 'affairs, moving into, tire policy 
'* advising role which .Kennedy 
-had -ongfnaily hoped Dean 
Rusk would ffiL It was in tius 
capacity,, and because of his 
long experience of Angfo- 
' 'American relations, that he 
Ted the American delegation to 
. ’_ Moscow in July, 1963, who^, 
in partnership .. with Lord 
Hails ham, he brought .the 
partial Test Ban Treaty to 
signature. . .. 

He had already _ distin- 
guished himself, during The 
’• Sinorlndian conflict of the 
previous year^ the speed 
"■ and', skill with which he had 
persuaded Washington to of- 
for, and Delhi to accept, tire 
American aid which had hith- 
erto been reserved for Indians 
great rival, Pakistan. 

. When Lyndon Johnson suc- 
ceeded Kennedy, the new 
President appreciating that 
. Harriman po- 
litical threat, kept him .as 
under secretary until after -the 
1964 elections. 

. In January, 1965, Johnson 
created a new post of ambassa- 
dor at large to employ Gover- 
nor' Hardman's'. negotiating 
skill , and .prestige - both do 
reassure European opin iozr in- 
creasingly worried by the de- 
gree . of . . . Americah 

commitment ' to South-Bast 
Asia, and to look for any signs 
of a genuine willingness on tire 
part of the Soviet leadership to 
put pressure on . Hanoi 
reach a settlement. * l 

His last work in this field 
was to lead . the American 
delegation to the Paris, peace 
talks in October, 1968,. 4 * 
frustrating and fruitless three * 
months spent mainly in argu- 
ing about the seating arrange- 
ments and -the shape of the 
conference table. Chi Nixon’s 
election , to the presidency in 
January, 1969, he finally re- 
tired al the age of 78. . 

In " retirement he ' busied 
himself playing the Democrat- 
ic elder statesman. He 
watched, with some scepti- 
cism, Dr Kissinger’s lengthy 
and skilful disengagement of 
America from South-East 
Asia, while admiring the man- 
ner in -which the new. regime 
exploited the. end of the 
cultural revolution in China. / 
President Carter made ges-v 
tines fluids direction;, hot 
Harriman was too much at 
odds with Carter’s attempts to 
bulldoze the Soviets on hix- 


On January 23. 1946, he 
had the last of many meetings 
with the Marshal when he 
called to say goodbye before 
leaving the Soviet Union. 
Though, he recognized Stalin 
as “a murderous tyrant”, he 
also regarded him as-”better 
informed — than — Roosevat, 
more realistic, than CburcfaiU, 
in some ways the most effec- 
tive of the war leaders". 

During his time in Moscow 
he used to go siding in the 
Lenin bills, and, since be had 
lost none of his skill, the 
Russian secret service men 
detailed to keep an eye bn him 
would often be left fir behind. 

In 1946, President Truman 
appointed him ambassador in 
London; but he had barely 
taken up his appointment 
when he was recalled to 
Washington to become Secre- 
tary of Commerce. 

Two years' later, however, 
he relumed to high-level di- 
plomacy. as American repre- 
sentative in Europe of the 
Economic Cooperation Ad- 
ministration, parent body to 
the Organization of European 
Economic Cooperation which 
was to administer the Mar- 
shall Plan. 

In 1950 be was recalled by 
Truman to act as his special 
consultant on NATO and the 
planned and much delayed 
commitment of American 
ground troops to Europe in the 
aftermath of the Korean War. 
In 1951 he became US repre- 
sentative on NATO and from 
1951 to January, J 953, he 
served as head of the Mutual 
Security Administration 

niade him atiathema'-to the m a n n g hr s, a nd- with _Dr 

Democratic South'. ' - .a *■- 

His one"; major asset. 

vigorous support of Truman, 
was not enough. Support for 
Stevenson did not falter, and 
the vice-presidential slot was 
the target of two powerful and 

Brzezinski’s idiosyncratic 
lhe analyses -of the srtuation, to 
cany much weight ■ 

President Reagan's return 
to the iheteric of the Dufies 
era depressed Harriman. mak- 
ing him fear for the first time 

electo rally experienced 'sena- liral-foriy years spent grap- 
tors. Harriman : could ittixact w A 1 containment of 

the youugof New YoHq but he Soviet . jfower by . diplomatic 
tecked staff or the-jtopular means might be jeopmti ised. : 
touch" which" ‘Seuiatcws" 'fetes “**' meantime he com- 
Kefeuyer and- John F. Keane- nutted, belatedly, a section bf 
dy could command. his memoirs to paper, cooper* 

Two years later, in 1958, he eting with the experienced 

journalist, Elie Abel, in an 
account of his wartime deal- 
ings with Britain and Russia, 
Special Envoy to Churchill 
and Stalin. I$41-I946, which 
appeared in 1975. His reluc- 
tance to- put pen to paper 
deprived history of any fuF- 
ther recollections, though^ a 
selection of -his obiter diak 

_ t ._ was rescued from a . tape 

after' his election as President recording of a university semi- 
in recruiting Harriman as his y® 31 ? earlier, and 

lost the governorship- to an 
even wealthier public-spirited 
phitocrat; Nelson Rockefeller. 
“Governor” was thereafter the 
form of address he preferred; 
but he was never really happy 
in American domestic 

John F. Kennedy, who 
could recognize real ability 
when he saw it, lost no time 

ambassador at large: Known 
as one'- who kept his own 
counsel but was at the same 
time prone to sharp outbursts, 
-Harriman earned from Ken- 
nedy the epithet “the 

It was a prudent appoint- 

published under the title 
America and Russia in a 
Changing World. 

. . in 1972, he gave his : fine 
collection, of French Impres- 
sionist paintings to the Na- 
tional Art Gallery in 
Washington; he had much 


athtSSpImfas^toL mirri^fi^^K^w 65 

. He led the Ameridm delega- 

tion to the Geneva Conference wo daughters: cSSnSf ^ 
on Laos in 1961-62,. defining ^ 

what Kennedy, later saw as the and- lhireilv 
most dangerous crisis of 'his ' 

first year in' office. Alone S Q * ur - 

among the elder-statesmen of ^ in jLtSn f 01 -. 10 

the Democratic party whom - the war. -™ Bnta,n during 


Mr Vincente Minnelli, the 
Hollywood director whose se- 
ries of successful musical films 
included Meet Me in St Louis. 
An American in Paris and 
Gigi. died in Los Angeles on 
July 26, aged 73. 

He was boro in Chicago on 
February 2S, 1913, of an 
Italian theatrical family, and 
spent his childhood on tour, 
making his stage debut at the 
age of four. Later, be worked 
with a sign painter during 
school holidays, and on leav- 
ing school got a succession of 
jobs in stage designing. 

Next he added directing to 
designing, and his productions 
of ballets such as El Amor 
Brujo and musical shows like 
The Show is On, Very Warm 
for May. and most notably 
The Ziegteld Follies , showed 
decorative flair and sophisti- 
cated taste. . 

In .1940 Arthur Freed, - a 
producer with MGM, who 
had noticed his stage work, 
invited" him .to Holfywood,. 
where he worked for two years 

observing and learning film 
techniques, until he was ready 
to make his unusually assured 
and successful first film. Cab- 
in in the Sky. ' 

In 1944 Minnelli made the 
film which remains for many 
bis best, and is certainly his 
most charming and human. 
Meet Me in St Louis , a delicate 
and graceful evocation of Sr 

re-established him as -a popu- 
lar director, and enabled him 
to return to the musical with 
two of his biggest successes. 
An American in Paris (which 
received the Academy Award 
for the best film of 1951) and 
The Band Wagon, the first 
with 'Gene Kelly and the 
second with Fred Asuiire. 

agarn his sensitivity and intel- 
bgence, while Lust for Life, h£ 
biography, of Van 
though weakly scripted, wJt 
pictonally superb. ^ ™ 
In 1958 his new musical 
Gigt was an unqualified^ 
univCTsal hit, though^ 

Jmle dancing This^ 
followed by other suoiS 
-eulmtnating- in A 

luhl.L i_- 

— ^ — ThehaHetiri the former was mtanv 

Louis family life in- 1 903. The One of : the most dazzling 976 ) in which hk 

film starred Judy Garland pieces of filmed dance; but the Gfriand's" datighter rTJt 

(singing “The Trolley Song”), elegant art of Fred Astaire MjaneUi. starred. ’ uza 
afterwards she seemed more completely in _ Minnelli wax «««* 
life, appearing in harmonywrth Minnelli's tern- almost everv 

films. The Cwek perament and TheBand Wag- “Im-making into whir^i?^ 

on remains one of his beg ' Stored. ° WtUch 

films. . 

and shortly afterwards 
became his wife, 
his next two 
and Zuegfdd Follies, and later 
in The Pirate. 

His work at this time 
showed a style of increasing 
complexity, especially in 
dance sequences where his 
sensitivity to music and 
movement produced the most 
subtle and intricate camera 

" uh o« or ^ 

This period also brought his 
finest dramatic film. The Bad 
and the Beautiful, a luxurious 
slice of Hollywood life. The 
advent bf CmemaScope was 

exceptions his most charJE? 
isnc work was tote 
comedies, such a r/ 0, i? d in 


His personal taciT ■ L 
castonally inclS’ 


patchy version: 

Borarv and a charming light . Si'ni^^ ahd^{-pmticulariy]> 
. comedy. Father, of the Bride, The Cobweb demohstrated-yet 



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• Ninety per cent of the popnla- 
; tidn believe that in the tabloids 
Jonmalists invent stories and 
are only concerned with selling 
the product. Given their own 
newspaper to edit most people 
would chads, out bingo, gossip 
nhd page-three girls. These 
Huts wad revealed in a Gallop 
-Poll conducted for Twenty 
'Years On (ITV, Saturday), in 
which David Frost tested atti- 
tndes to the popular Press. 

Ken Livingstone was in the 
studio and fence to give die 
benefit of his own mastery of 
the media and recommend that 
any serious public figure 
should stick to television and 
avoid the Press. As long as 
-there were journalists aroand, 
he said, the public woald not 
pat politicians at the bottom of 
the heap as far as trustworthi- 
ness was concerned. Professor 
.Laurie Taylor confirmed that 
in modem society journalists 
are creatures like ntalidoos 
medieval demons. “Bat we 
. mast be doing aumHiwg 
right, although you hate os", 
protested the veteran yellow 
press editor Nick Lloyd. 

Twenty Yeans On is a series 
which defines the to 

which life has changed since 
the Sixties, a task in which it 
commonly fails because the 
very Sixties device of a studio 
audience is a guarantee of 
triviality. In asking why mil- 
lions of people bt^ newspa- 
pers which they despise, 
however, it identified a fasci- 
nating modem phenomenon. 

George Washington (BBC2, 
Sunday) was a new series 
aboof the first Ajaeric&n presi- 
dent, an enthralling figure who 
was analyzed in the biography 
by James Thomas -Flexner. 
This series is based on that 
book. It displayed the unique 
American gift of re-creating 
the past as a glamorous Dis- 
ney world, where events are 
directed jerkily by figures who 
are animated by the unseen 
force of destiny. 

The series made good use of 
the colonial charm of Wil- 
liams burg, but was hampered 
by a lade of sweeping land- 
scapes to indicate the awe- 
inspiring vastness of 18 th- 
centnry America. 

Celia Brayfield 

>ts r»-,.ry .?:*s i*. 

Magnus Linden’s manic-depressive Giovanni; and the opera house (right) dose by die royal palace 

Opera: John Higgins reports on Mozart performances 
at Stockholm’s Drottningholm Castle Theatre 

Resourcefulness in style 

The opera house at Drottningholm is 
not short of special features. At which 
other lyric theatre does part of the 
audience arrive by boat from the 
nearest city — Stockholm, about 45 
mirfutes sail away? (No, the Fenice in 
Venice does not count.) Which other 
house is adjacent to the royal summer 
palace and totally surrounded by 
parkland, with French-style landscap- 
ing on one side and English on the 
other, the latter a bit misty and dank 
at limes of the year and tending to 
induce the ague? 

It is not though the outside, 
however handsome and enuring it 
may be, that really counts but what 
happens within. And part of this 
summer's opera season has been very 
distinguished indeed. Take GOran 
Jarvc felt's staging of Don Giovanni, 
which seizes on the original machin- 
ery of the mid-18ih-century theatre - 
a mass of spindles, wheels and pulleys 
under the stage and above hard 
against the rafters — and uses them up 
to the hilt. All designers working at 
Drottningholm have to operate with- 
in the constraints of the baroque 
scenic conventions, with an assort- 
ment of painted panels of trees, rocks 
or maybe columns rolled in from the 
wings and supplemented with a 
backdrop. Maigaretha Sddeiiing 
makes a positive virtue of both this 
and the exceptional depth of the 
acting area so that Giovanni plots his 
seductions in bosky vistas or town 
squares that bear a remarkable resem- 
blance to the area around Prague's 

Tyl Theatre where the first perfor- 
mance of Giovanni took place. 

Preservation of the conventions of 
the past is the number one objective 
ofDrottflinghoim itself, right down to 
the fabric of the theatre interior where 
eveiy piece of peeling wallpaper is 
cherished because it is original and 
the decorations are so little restored 
that the inside of the house is kept 
deliberately on the shabby side. The 
glitter of Munich's Cuvilli&stheater 
would horrify the Stockholm conser- 
vationists. But there is nothing 
fossilized about Goran Jarvefelt's 
production, which skates along at 
high speed in reflection of Arnold 
Ostman's conducting of his hand- 
picked baroque instrumentalists. 

The Giovanni of Magnus Linden is 
a manic-depressive given to moments 
of high exultation, as m “ Finch Ti an 
dal vino*' when the world and its 
women are about to be at his feet, and 
times of tearful despair including the 
prospect of Leporello leaving him at 
the start of Act II. The baritone is 
dark-hued, a bit coarse (or the 
Serenade, but full of flexibility right 
down to the final roar of defiance as 
Giovanni slides to hell while slipping 
off his headband and wig to reveal a 
thinning ginger-haired pate. Gio- 
vanni lakes his curtain call from hell 
itself calling on the other singers in 
reverse of the normal order and 
ending with Masetto. 

Convention is again broken with 
Petteri Salomaa. a lone Finn among a 
primarily Swedish company, as a 

Leporello as agressive and every bit 
as good as his master. The cutting- 
edge to the voice and the agility of his 
movements could give Salomaa the 
title-role before long. As it is. this 
Leporello makes the most credible of 
stand-ins for Giovanni while he is 
duping Elvira in Act II. Bui ihe most 
impressive singing of all comes from 
Stefan Dahlberg, a tenor in the 
Windbergh mould who. when he 
develops his lop register to its full is 
likely to be much sought after. His 
Ottavio, a sturdy young golden boy of 
considerable breeding, should not 
have had Anna left in two minds 
about him. 

The ladies of the cast were less 
interesting, but Clarry Bartha's Anna 
put some warmth into that chilly lady 
and Hillevi Martinpelto's soubrettish 
Zerlina would have livened up any 
farm on which her Masetto worked. 
Arnold Ostman, a disappointing 
Giovunni conductor when he came to 
Covent Garden, on home territory is 
a totally commanding figure, obtain- 
ing from his orchestra of two dozen or 
so a performance in which wit and 
hell fire crackled in equal measure. He 
engineered a thrilling face-to-face 
encounter with Mozanian drama 
only possible in a theatre of 
Drottnmgholm's size. 

This high-tension Giovanni made 
the season's other Mozart opera, 
Idomeneo. look staid and pallid, with 
Ostman drawing rather less inspira- 
tion from the earlier score. But the 
real fault lies with the routine 

production of Michael Hampe, who 
seems equally capable of touching the 
heights (the Salzburg Cost) and 
simply propelling his singers around 
the stage. White Jarvefelt revelled in 
his baroque theatre Hampe seemed 
oppressed by it, content for effect 
merely to revolve the Cretan waves at 
the rear of acting area, sound the 
thunder-claps and turn the wind- 
machine. This was toy theatre. 

If there were few visual treats then 
recompense came with vocal ones, 
especially from the women. Ann 
Christine Biel's Ilia was a model of 
sweetness in nature and vocal timbre: 
“Idol mio" was delivered with a 
winning simplicity that provoked 
instant heart-melting. Anita Soldh's 
Eteztra conversely was the spitfire, 
drawing applause with attack and 
accuracy of intonation. Ingrid 
Tobiasson’s fdamante carried her 
dragon-slaying kit prettily but lacked 
vocal personality, while Joseph 
Protschka in the title role pressed his 
tenor too hard until the very close of 
the opera when he at last showed his 
true quality. Much of the best work 
came from the chorus, and to some 
extent Idomeneo is their opera. 

• British Airways Sovereign Holi- 
days do four-day trips to Drort- 
ningholm at a little over £400. 
including accommodation and opera 
tickets (by no means easy to come by 
in the 450-seat house). A similar 
arrangement is likely for next year, 
when La fima giardinera may be on 
the bill. 


StanRidgway : 
Town and Country 

... TJ SI* 1 * 

• ' i* '! > 

- • r: 

■r- "!;>•- 

V- & 

■ .’»■ ’- r V p !S > * 
;’>'■■■ 1 

. ^ V* '* > 

Although the content was 
largely impenetrable, the tone 
of Sian RidgwayV prickly, 
ironic repartee with the audi- 
ence between songs left no 
doubt that he harbours mixed 
feelings about the current 
British top-ten placing of h is 
single “Camouflage”. . After 
all the former singer of Walt 
of Voodoo, the group he 
-founded in Los Angeles in 
1977, chose the moment at 
which that band at last found 
American chan success, with 
“Mexican Radio" in 1983. u> 
leave and launch a sporadic 
solo career ostensibly in pur- 
suit of creative rather than 
commercial satisfaction. 

“This is a serious show”, he 
mockingly vouched. "There 
are industry people here and I 
owe a lot of money"; later he 
showered the audience with 
flake paper currency and con- 
fetti. yelling too desperately 
“Money means nothing to 

These antics of a fairground 
shaman accorded well with 
the flavour of the music, 
which embraced elements of 
the folk, rock and vaudeville 
traditions. The purposeful vi- 
gnettes -which his verbose 
narrative lyrics conjured were 
underlined by his nasal all- 
American delivery, and. as he 
whipped the microphone lead 
in snaking arcs across the stage 
during “Pile Driver”. I was 
reminded of the cracking 
whiplash effects and stirring 
-imagery of Frankie Lame's 
1959 hit “Rawhide". 

Backed by an expert, low- 
profile five-piece band, Ridfi- 
way hovered on the brink of 
eccentric excellence. While 
songs like “Can’t Stop the 
Show" and “Walkin’ Home 
Alone" were uncomfortably 
guileful pop constnictions in a 
long-winded singer/song- 
writer mould, the skittish 
movement and discordant 
progressions of “Don't Box 
Me In" showed flashes of rare 
wit and innovative acumen. 

-David Sinclair 


Charlie Rouse 
Bull’s Head 

In 1959, when Thelonious 
Monk chose a new tenor 
saxophonist to be the front- 
line voice of a quartet that was 
to see out the Sixties, Charlie 
Rouse was not much more 
than a reliable hod-carrier in 
the world of modem jazz. 
Even during his tenure with 
Monk, critics refused to take 
Rouse seriously. 

Not much money, though, 
would bave gone on backing 
the average critic's judgement 
against the .cunning Monk's 
prescience, and sure enough 
Rouse used the opportunity to 
mould for himself a musical 
character that, while wholly 
dependent on the inspiration 
of his master, could be mistak- 
en for no one else. 

Rouse has visited Britain in 
recent years with Sphere, a 
quartet devoted to the Monk 
repertoire. Last week, though, 
he arrived as a soloist with the 
Stan Tracey Trio, a meeting 
given its logic by the knowl- 
edge that Monk's early work 
provided Tracey with his ini- 
tial creative impetus. 

Those present were ada- 
mant that the first night had 
been extraordinary, benefiting 
from the spontaneity that a 
combination of jet-lag and 
lack of rehearsal can occasion- 
ally ignite; the fireworks were 
less spectacular the following 
evening, but there was no 
doubt that Tracey and hte 
colleagues were enjoying this 
experience of what might be 
called the authorized version. 

“Nutty" moved with a char- 
acteristic Monkish medium- 
tempo gait, like a man trying 
to walk fast enough to evade 
an unwelcome advance but 
reluctant actually to break into 
a run. In the swift “Rhythm-a- 
Ning". Rouse's middleweight 
tone and slightly stiff-kneed 
phrasing responded well to 
Clark Tracey's Blakeyesque 
mixture of rimshot snicks, 
mushrooming rolls and impa- 
tient snare-drum tattoos, 
while Stan Tracey's piano solo 
rose from churning clouds of 
chordal riffs into the dear blue 
sky of arching treble figures. 

Richard Williams 


Spending time with interest 

Archeology in 

British Museum 
Centuries of Gold 


Let’s Face It 
Museum of London 

Do you sincerely want to be 
rich? — the American best- 
seller's earnest enquiry is not 
so wholly rhetorical as it 
sounds. If it is not within the 
capability of us all actually to 
be rich, presumably we could 
all contrive to be richer if we 
wanted it so sincerely that we 
were willing to devote all our 
efforts to the end of getting 
rather than being distracted by 
the, to most of us, more 
interesting business of spend- 
ing. For that you need to be 
interested in money per se. 
Maybe a similar interest is 
required to get the most out of 
the British Museum's big sum- 
mer show Money: Prom Cow- 
rie Shells to Credit Cards 
(until October 26), or the 

specialist the effect must be- 
come monotonous after a 
while, given that the Islamic 
religion more or less precludes 
representation on coins, or 
anywhere else, and coin de- 
signers do not seem to have 
been able to interpret the 
Prophet’s instructions so lib- 
erally as other Islamic artists 
contrived to do. So you have a 
tot of no doubt beautiful but 
very small calligraphy and 
little else except the dazzle of 
the gold itself. Which, as the 
Vikings exhibition a few years 
ago reminded us, does not 
really go far enough unless the 
gold is used to make art. But 
fortunately the coins them- 

coincidentally complemen- 
tary show Centuries of Gold: 
The Coinage of Medieval Is- 
lam. at the Zamana Gallery in 
the Ismaili Centre until Octo- 
ber 5. 

Of course there is in both 
cases the incidental matter of 
the value and interest of 
coinage as works of art. Centu- 
ries of Gold certainly makes a 
brave show of its gold coinage, 
but to anyone except a real 










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selves are backed up by a 
really outstanding audio-visu- 
al, which tells you all you 
would want to know about 
how they fit into Islamic 
history and what all the 
beautiful, tiny calligraphy 

The British Museum show 
is much wider-ranging: as the 
title indicates, it undertakes 
no less than a total history of 
money, the concept and the 
physical forms it has taken 
through the ages. With such an 
ambitious programme, it is no 
doubt only to be expected that 
the arrangement should at 
times be a little confusing, 
neither entirely chronological 
nor entirely thematic but a 
rather uneasy cross between 
the two. Given that, however, 
there should be enough to 
fascinate almost anybody, 
whatever the basis of his or 
heir interest- 

If you are so sincerely 
interested in money that you 
just like to see infinite (or at 
any rate considerable) riches 
in a little room, then you 
would here get your wish. If 
you want to explore the high- 
ways and byways of history, 
there should be plenty for you 
in the varied circumstances 
which have produced coins: 
for example, the very first 
Charles II coinage minted (in 
tiny amounts) at Pontefract 
Castle in 1648 when virtually 
the whole of the country had 
accepted the Commonwealth, 
not to mention the thinking 
behind the ultimate rejection 
of Commonwealth coinage 
with a very imperial image of 
Cromwell even though the 
Slate Council had approved it. 
And, if you are primarily 
interested in design, then the 
infinitely varied coinage and 
paper money should offer 
much to feast your eye and 
occupy your mind. 

While in the BM it would 
also be well worth your while 

to go upstairs and look at the 
other big summer show. Ar- 
cheology in Britain: New 
Views of the Past, which runs 
until February 15, 1987. The 
arrangement here is a model 
of clarity. The show sets out to 
give us some indication of 
how new approaches to arche- 
ology and new areas of interest 

For the archeologist have 

helped to modify our views of 
Britain's past; and the way it 
does this is to take the periods 
excavated one by one, in 
chronological order from 8000 
to 5000 BC when we are 
invited to observe the use of 
natural resources (often unex- 
pectedly cunning: witness the 
antler frontlet possibly used as 
a hunting decoy), up to 1600 
and studies of how medieval 
towns developed. 

A number of the objects 
unearthed, all of which tell us 
something beyond them- 
selves. are both precious and 
beautiful, like the 4th-century 
hoard of Christian silver 
found in 1975 at Water New- 
ton. or some of the Iron Age 
personal decorations in pre- 
cious metals. And the show 
whets the appetite to know 
more about such extraordi- 
nary phenomena as the Sweet 
Track, more than 6000 years 
old, built of timber across 
marshy ground in Somerset 
and still astonishingly well 

Some of the faces paraded 
for our inspection in Let’s 
Face It, the Museum of 
London's fun summer show 
for all ages (until September 
28), are neither pretty nor well 
preserved. There are, for in- 
stance. some scarifying mid- 
Victorian wax heads designed 
to show the ravages of venere- 
al and other diseases common 
at the time, and a number of 
attacks by i 8 rh-cenmry car- 
toonists like Rowlandson and 
Gilray on the fashions and 
fads of the day, particularly 
when they could be observed 
transforming some raddled 
wreck into a toothsome 

However, since the show is 
sponsored by No7 cosmetics, 
it is only to be expected that 
the horrors will be balanced 
with more flattering indica- 
tions of what can to done to 
gild the lily and make the 
already beautiful even more 
beautiful. The rows of English 
portraits through a couple of 
centuries early in the show 
seem to suggest continuity 
rather than change, but when 
we get to the 20 th century the 
change accelerates to a dizzy- 
ing pace; and is rather wittily 
chronicled in a swift canter 
down memory lane, bringing 
us right up to the wondeniil 
world of Pflnk and beyond. 


• Jccor&nz, 


\ fed Ot 

'February 17 , 

I .v k U mii i xvU 

Currency (from left): Allied 
Military fee francs (1944); 
sixpenny note used by 
British troops in North 
Africa during the Second 
World War; and one-sixth 
of a dollar, American 
Continental Congress, 1776 

Promenade Concert 


Albert Hall/Radio 3 

One gets the feeling from 
Hans Werner Henze's recent 
music that all the searching, 
fruitful and otherwise, has 
been done and that at last he is 
able to express himself freely, 
doubts and all. Certainly thai 
is the case with the Seventh 
Symphony, unveiled by die 
Berlin Philharmonic Orches- 
tra a year and a half ago in 
celebration of its centenary. It 
was given a magnificent Brit- 
ish premiere by the City of 
Birmingham Symphony Or- 
chestra under Simon Rattle in 
Friday night’s Prom, which 
conceded nothing to the earli- 
er occasion. 

It is by a considerable 
measure the most powerful as 
well as the most traditional of 
the series so far (there are four 
movements, the first and third 
of which are recognizably 
sonata and scherzo). Blatantly 
its principal source of inspira- 
tion is Mahler, and Mahler in 
his most tragic, resigned vein, 
despite the indication of "hap- 
py and lively" at the head of 
the actually rather grimly 
pulsating first movement. 
Here, surely, we are in the 
nightmare world of Mahler's 
Sixth Symphony. This is a 
dance, just as the movement's 
title tells us. but its colours 
and very metricality somehow 

suggest that it is only a vain 
attempt to fend off Fate. The 
coincidence of Henze's own 
heart problem around the 
time of its composition can 
hardly be ignored. 

But the symphony also has a 
Mahlerian opulence about it, 
requiring a huge orchestra 
which is, however, handled 
with masterly sensitivity, 
though at times with little 
restraint. Indeed the Mah- 
lerian element sometimes 
verges on pastiche, as in the 
third movement, an obsessive 
scherzo that seems almost ,to 
quote its equivalent in Mah- 
ler's Sixth, while the particular 
use of harp and cor anglais in 
the two slow movements -'is 
another tribute to that work 
(and its predecessor). These 
last are sad, passionate reflec- 
tions on what might have been 
rather than points of repose. 

Throughout the symphony 
Henze shows Mahler's ten- 
dency to build complex struc- 
tures culminating in shat- 
tering climaxes. None is more 
so than the final one, curtailed 
to reveal a strangely-coloured 
pianissimo chord, all forebod- 
ing and desolation. 

Odd, you might think, 10 
follow this heavyweight with 
Beethoven's perennially fresh 
Violin Concerto. But actually 
this could have worked as a 
fine pick-me-up were it not for 
Henryk Szeryng’s deliberated if 
beautifully toned, way with it. 

Stephen Pettitt 


Demand in plenty 

London Festival Ballet's man- 
agement was afraid that hav- 
ing the Bolshoi in competition 
might cause diminished audi- 
ences. In the event, both 
companies played last week to 
packed and enthusiastic 

The Bolshoi's programmes 
at Covent Garden consist only 
of big blockbuster works. The 
opportunity to see another 
performance of Ivan the Terri- 
ble with a different cast did 
not cause any change in my 
opinion of the work but did 
reveal fresh aspects of the 
roles and of the dancers. 

Alexei Fadeyechev played 
the title pan so confidently 
that I was surprised to be told 
it was his very first lime in the 
role. Fadeyechev does not 
have the “speciality steps" 
that make Mukbamedov's ac- 
count of the role physically 
thrilling, but his is a very good 
all-round ability in a more 
classical mould. 

The battle scenes lost a little 
of their excitement, but still 
remained a tumultous orches- 
tration of mass movement. 
The political power-struggle 
within the plot might also 
have lost something of its 
edge, except that Boris Aki- 
mov plays Kurbsky, ihe ally 
turned rival, with far more 
understanding and authority 
(albeit less virtuosity) than 
Andris Liepa. With Lyudmila 
Semenyaka as Ivan's bride, 
Anastasia, giving a perfor- 
mance of more variety and 
expressiveness than Bessmer- 
tnova (there was even some 
playfulness in their relation- 
ship), the drama as a whole 
became more convincing. 

Festival Ballet's competi- 

tion to this consisted mainly 
of well-chosen mixed bills. 
Carmen provided the dramat- 
ic core of the programmes, 
and with further performances 
Alessandra Ferri found a more 
convincing approach, stylized 
as this artificial choreography 
demands. Two other guest 
stars from Roland Petit's Mar- 
seilles company also gave 
thrilling interpretations of the 
leading roles. Dominique 
Khalfouni's proud, teasing, 
voluptuous and dominating 
Carmen has been praised in 
these pages before. Denys 
Ganio as Don Jose matches 
her ideally: a lean, painfully 
obsessed lover who bums on a 
slow fuse to a tremendous 
explosion of murderous 

The weekend programmes 
began with Paul Taylor's lyri- 
cal Aureole to music by Han- 
del The warmth and innocent 
sublimity of its dances stir a 
happy response, and Festival 
Ballet's casts dance it with 
engaging enthusiasm, al- 
though they could do with a 
refresher course in the nu- 
ances of Taylor’s style, espe- 
cially Kevin Haigen, whose 
promising d 6 bui in the central 
role needs more weight and 

In the bravura showpiece 
Etudes, the company can now 
field several teams of soloists 
and a strong ensemble. Patrick 
Dupond. as guest star, clearly 
enjoys playing with the virtuo- 
so elements of his role: over 
the top but always in com- 
mand. The home team defi- 
antly challenges him all 
through, making the ballet an 
exciting contest of skills. 

John Perrival 

John Russell 

Howe insists 
on concessions 
from Pretoria 

From Michael Hornsby, Pretoria 

The Foreign Secretary, Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, was last night 
talking to his South African 
counterpart. Mr R.F. “Pik” 
Botha, for the second time 
since arriving in southern 
Africa on July 23 as evidence 
mounted that his European 
Community peace mission 
was headed for failure. 

British officials insisted Sir 
Geoffrey was far from conced- 
ing that his mission was 
doomed, but said he bad 
entered last night's meeting 
determined to speak plainly 
about the need for key conces- 
sions from Pretoria. 

Final meetings with both 
Mr Botha and President P.W. 
Botha are fixed for tomorrow 
after which Sir Geoffrey is due 
to fly back to London. He is 
understood to be willing to 
make further visits to South 
Africa - he has until the end 
of September to report back to 
EEC member stales — but only 
if some progress is made on 
this leg. 

In his talks so far with 
government leaders here. Sir 
Geoffrey is understood to 
have Found little appreciation 
of the quantum leap he be- 
lieves is required if South 
Africa, and southern African 
as a whole, are to avoid a 
downward spiral of violence 
and economic warfare. 

British officials said he 
would be making it clear that 
Pretoria would never “gel 
beyond tinkering at the 
margins" unless blacks were 
“'brought four-square into the 
political process". 

Constitutional change had 
little meaning unless it oc- 
curred with the active consent 
of all concerned. That was 
why the release of Mr Nelson 
Mandela and other political 
prisoners and the legalisation 
of their organisations were 
steps of such vital symbolic 
and practical importance. 

Although concessions had 
to come from others as well, it 
was up to Pretoria to break the 
log-jam by taking these practi- 
cal steps’ on the road to 
incorporating blacks into the 
political process. That was the 
essence of the message Sir 
Geoffrey would be giving to 
Mr Botha. 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent. The Mary’ Rose Trust, 
attends a Dinner in aid of the 
the Trust on board the flagship 
oF the Commander-in-Chief; 
Naval Home Command, HMS 
Victory. Portsmouth Naval 
Base. 8. 

Princess Anne visits the Isle 
oF Arran: and. visits Montrose 
House. Brodick. 1 1: later, at- 
tends the celebrations oF the 
1 50th Anniversary of the Arran 
Farmers' Society Annual Show. 
The Showground. LamJash. 


Princess Alexandra opens the 

Freud Museum, 20 Maresfidd 
Gardens, NW3, 3. 

New exhibitions 
American Dance at Sadler’s 
Wells: photographs by Dee Con- 
way; Royal Fesu'val Hall Foyer, 
South Bank, SE1; Mon to Sun 
JO to 10 

Exhibitions in progress 

Harlequinade: paintings and 
drawings by Sandra Bright; 
South Hill Park Arts Centre, 
Bracknell; Mon to Sat 9 to 
12.30. 1.30 to 5. and 7 to 10, Sat 
I to 4 qnd 7 to 10, Sun 1 to 4 
(ends Aug 17). 

Display to commemorate the 
50th anniversary of the Spanish 
Civil Wan Imperial War Mu- 
seum. Lambeth Rd, SE1; Mon 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,109 


1 Only a quarter are not heels! 

4 Military parade occurring in 
spring? (5.4). 

9 Seat in bar possibly taken by 
non-drinker (9). 

10 Beastly assumption ad- 
vocated in war by Henry V 

• (5). 

11 For part of the year the Fox 
is protected here (5). 

.12 One might get to ride in this 

■ if patient (9). 

13 Lay in the grass, it's alleged 

IS Ferreting out a casual shirt 

' before running (7). 

18 Heath and his playing of 
Othello? (7). 

20 Crowd round the senior 
officer for the course (7). 

21 Keeps mother in fashion- 
able satin (9). 

-23 Wanting nearly evervbody 
to acquire a weapon [$). 

25 A high point for chureh-go- 
ers (5). 

26 Leader giving small coin to 
players in regular pavmem 

27 Study tear in new receptacle 

‘ (9). 

28 Coming back to dear an 
abysmal situation (5). 


1 Caught with strong drink, 
beat ill (5-4) 

2 He is defeated about sun- 
rise (5). 

3 One could well wind up eat- 
ing this (9). 

4 Guy's found a way to get a 
ridged roof (7). 

5 Savoury food — under- 
cooked and little of it (7). 

6 Warm to the Spanish inn 

7 Entering a strange country 

8 An article about soldiers — 

. Kipling's, perhaps (5). 

14 For dream furnishing (9). 

16 The glorification of contem- 
porary speech (9). 

17 Most agree to organise a fuel 
store (9). 

19 Capital security device for 
women (7). 

20 Stick with old dty sdentist 

21 Add up to one hundred 
notes (5). 

22 The gratitude of a Greek 
character (5). 

24 Notice people inside get bet- 
ter (5). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,108 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Officials also said the For- 
eign Secretary would be draw- 
ing on some ideas put forward 
by the Commonwealth Emi- 
nent Persons Group (EPG), 
including the proposal for a 
truce or armistice while talks 
took place between the Gov- 
ern raent and the African Na- 
tional Congress {ANQ. 

Pretoria rejected this con- 
cept out of hand in earlier 
discussions with the EPG, 
insisting that Mr Mandela and 
other ANC leaders forswear 
violence unconditionally, irre- 
spective of the outcome of any 
talks. Otherwise, it was object- 
ed, the Government would be 
negotiating “with a gun to its 

Sir Geoffrey, it is under- 
stood, will try to persuade the 
two Bothas that this attitude 
makes little sense because, 
even if ANC leaders were to 
give such a commitment be- 
fore talks began, no-one could 
prevent them reneging on it if 
the talks broke down. 

Sir Geoffrey received strong 
support for Britain's opposi- 
tion to sanctions during visits 
on Saturday to Swaziland and 
Lesotho, two former British 
protectorates whose economic 
survival is almost entirely 
dependent on Pretoria’s good- 

Yesterday, Sir Geoffrey had 
talks in Pretoria with white 
businessmen; a group of white 
liberal jurists; Mrs Sheena 
Duncan, a former national 
president of the Black Sash, 
the civil rights group run by 
white women; and Professor 
J.P. De Lange, chairman of 
the Broederbond. the once- 
secret society of the Afrikaner 

Lady Howe, who is accom- 
panying her husband on his 
tour, paid a visit to a tubercu- 
losis clinic attached to Barag- 
wanath Hospital in Soweto. 

Sir Geoffrey is to have a 
meeting today with Chief 
Gatsha Buthelezi, leader of the 
conservative Zulu-dominated 
Inkatha movement The For- 
eign Secretary has been 
sh tinned by every other princi- 
pal black opponent of the 
Government including Mr 
Mandela, unless he has a last- 
minute change of mind. 

* - tr * 

. A I- 

* - • 
:» v 

1- vv. 

• :v 

5 • *-’•** • . 1 , 

k < /*■* 

Continued from page 1'. ■ • 

night for 'the. heads r - of the 
seven Comm on weal th : coun- 
tries, including Mti Thatcher, 
whp will be reviewing .progess 
cinre ihe --Commonwealth 
summit in . Nassau L 

Ministers, are hopfiigi that . 
the controversy oyerndations 
. between the Queen and Rfts 
Thatcher will abate -before ^ 
next weekend. 

Downing Street deniedyes- 
terday that Lord • Whitdaw, 
the deputy prime min iste r , 
: had been chosen by »uiiusteia 
to ieU Buckingham PaJcfrtfcai - 
its advisers must never~again 
air the Queen's views ,®n 
political matters. to lhejwesfc 

It was also emphasi»d i3*aa 

relations between Downing 
matter for Ttald HaraH - 
not individual ministers^ 

Downing^treet ahoTeSssed 
to confirm the account in The 


James Joseph Tissot’s The Garden Batch, one of the pain tings in the collection owned by Mr Koch, who is looking for a suitable building to house th&n 

Thatcher’s invitation 
to Games defended 

Art gift in search of a home 

Continued from page I 

provided half a dozen photo- 
graphs which are said to be 
“characteristic" rather than 
stars of the collection. The 
Tissots, Borne Joneses, 
Leighton and Holman Hunt 
are mostly in the masterpiece 

Mr Koch's Interest centres 
on the period from around 
1840 to 1930 and he is 
concerned in academic rather 
than avant-garde art. This 
includes the American and 
Continental paintings and he 
admits to a special interest in 
the Symbolists. 

What makes Mr Koch's 
approach unique, however, is 
his interest in the context of a 
p ainring . Wherever possible 
he tries to buy preparatory 
drawings, prints made after a 
picture, any correspondence 
where the picture is discussed 
or books where it is illustrated. 

His collection of drawings 
already runs into thousands. 
He is not afraid of quantity. If 
offered 40 working drawings, 
he will buy the lot. 

His library is quite as 
important as his picture collec- 
tion. His collections of English 
illustrated books and French 
liTres d'artistes, spanning the 
same period as his pictures, 
are described by one of his 
advisors as “the best in the 
world". He shares the French 
taste for luxury hand made 
bindings and a g ain, has one of 
the best collections in the 
world. .. 

Had. Westminster Council 
and die GLC approved his 
plans for St John's Lodge this 
new foundation would shortly 
become an exciting feature of 
London's cultural scene. If 
they had turned him down 
with despatch, it might al- 
ready hare found a new home. 

His planning battle has been 
an epic one and suggests that 
there is something gravely 
wrong with the way Britain 
administers its planning 

After battling with the au- 
thorities for four years be met 
last month with English Heri- 
tage, which had taken over 
responsibility for the listed 
building from the GLC, and 
they expressed themselves in 
favour of the b uilding being 
used as a Victorian art centre, 
b nt ob ject ed to se veral fe atures 
“of Mr ~ Koch’s* planned 

He then lost his patience 
and polled out He is now 
looking for another building. 
He is rumoured to have recent- 
ly aqnired offices In central 
London from which to admin- 
ister die collection, so it looks 
as if the benefaction may not 
be lost to Britain yet 

Continued from page 1 

The Edinburgh Council last 
week voted that the invitation 
should be withdrawn because 
the Government’s refusal to 
impose full economic sanc- 
tions on South Africa had led 
to the boycott. 

Mr Maxwell emphasized in 
his letter that these games are 
not Mrs Thatcher’s 
Games.“Equally, they are not 
Edinburgh District -Council's 
.either. - Thev belong to the 
C ommon wealth. • ‘ ~ r 

“Mrs Thatcher was' invited 
a long lime ago as head of the 
Government of the- country 
hosting the Games.” 

Dr McKay received a copy 
of the letter as he was leaving 
his home to meet the Queen at 
Meadowbank Stadium where 
she was watching the athletics. 

Dr McKay said- “It was 
most discourteous of Mr Max- 

well to - release the Jena- before 
I had bad a look at iL" He-said 
he would not be 
with Mr Maxwell and needed 
lime to consider his response. 
' Only 13 of the 32 countries 
who have boycotted the 
Games attended the biennial 
general assembly of the Com- 
monwealth Games Federation 
in Edinburgh yesterday.Tfae 
assembly was expected .to 
discuss whether countries who 
-boycotted the Games should 

Any. decision. couMMhave 
little relevance, because -in 
1 9JHT m 'Seoiil.^Sbuifr' Korea, 
there will be another general 
assembly' which could ovoy 
tum new legislation. 

Thirty-six of the 58 mem- 
bers of the federation were at 
the assembly,, which was for- 
mally opened by the Duke of 

learnt of what the newspaper 
intended to publish. 

The: newspaper reported 
yesterday ’that; ' Mr'. J'Sgel 
Wicks, the Prime. MfrBster’s 
principal private;' secretary, 
telephoned Sir Willxaxn 3tes- 
eltrne to express concert. >; . 

Sir William was said tohgye 
spoken tpMr &iea,w#K>.then 
spokfe to Mrs Thatcher^s pres: 
'Secretary Mr Bcrnid;hfe. 
ham. ' . 

' Itwqs ' atoftted&y; Wlritfc- 

er, that Mr. fcgham ,hadKarot 
of whatwas to appear ana had 
“tipped people OS'.'. It was 
therefore assumed iyestengfcr 
that Mr Wicks's mfbnRBt&n 
would have come from Kfr 

The Foreign Secretary^Sr 
Geoffrey Howe, is to reposttb 
the Qtbraet. on Thuradby 
about the progress efhisSouth 
.Africa peace mission ■ ■ 

•. Mrs Thatcher is expectwTtO 
argue, at the summit: that $*r 
Geoffrey's three-month Euro- 
pean Comraiinity mission 
should he flowed to hm'its 
Course before any further mea- 
sures are iset in. hand agaihst 
South' Africa, although minis- 
ters believe that it will be 
difficult for her to resist the 
principle of further action if 
Sir Geoffrey's efforts iso ftr 
have felled to bear fruit. 

_ Geoffrey Marshall, page 12 
Letter, page 13 


to Sun 10 to 5.50, Sun 2 to 5.50 
(ends Feb I). . 

Paintings and drawings by 
' Frances Draper, Scribes, 4 Car- 
melite St, EC4; Mon to Fri 10 to 
12 and 4 to .8.30 (ends July 31). 

Summer Exhibition: post im- 
pressionists and modem British 
artists: The Belgrave Gallery, 22 
Masons Yard. SW1; Mon to Fri 
10 to 6 (ends July 31). 


Recital by the Leonardo Pi- 
ano Trio; Wigmore Hall, Wl, 


Piano recital by Maxim Row- 
lands; Si Marlin-in-the-Fields. 
Trafalgar Sq, . 1.05. 

Recital by ■ Stella ;Wrighr (so- 
prano), Margaret . Lyall and 
Ronald Stevenson (piano); Brit- 
ish Music Information Centre. 
10 Stratford PI Wl, 7.30. 

Concert by the Royal Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra; Barbican 
HalJ, EC2, 7.45. 

Recital by the Leonardo Pi- 
ano Trio; Wigmore Hall, Wl, 


Piano recital by Peter Bridges; 
St Lawrence Jewry, Guildhall 
Yard, EC2, 1. 

Organ recital by Robert 
Gower; St Michael's, EC3, 1. 

The Week’s Walks 

Today: The Jewish East End/HIdden 
London at the Old Gate, meet Atdgats 
Underground, 11; Customs & Curios of 
me City, meet Monument Underground, a 
The Famous Sherlock Holmes Detective 
Trafl. meet Baker Street Underground. 

Tomorrow: Royal London, meet West- 
minster Underground, 9 JO: 300 Years of 
Mayfair, meat Bond Street Under grotmd 
(ticket office) , 2.30; A Ghost Wafc The 
Haunted West End (end in a pub), meet 
Embankment Underground. 7 JO. 
Wednesday: Sofia: London's Most 
Coloufui village, meet Leicester Sg 
Underground. 11. tS: Clerfcenwell. 
London's Hidden Village, meet 
Ctarirenwea Heritage Centra. 33 St 
John's Sq. EC1. 2J0; Original Cockney 
VBaga: East End Walk, meet Whitechapel i 

Underramd, 7. 

Thursday: In the Footsteps of Sherlock 
Hoboes, meet Em ban kment Under- 
ground. 11; in me Foots te ps of Charles 
Dickens, meet St Paul’s Underground, 
2.30: Chaucer. Dickens & Shakespeare's 
Theatretand Put) Walk, meet London 
Bridge Undergrwmd. 7.15. 

Friday: Legal London. Old Bailey. Inns of 
Court meet Chancery Lane Under- 

Natnre notes 

Young swallows are crowding 
onto the telephone wires; they 
lack their parents' Tong tail 
streamers, but they fly just as 
well when dislodged from their 
perches. Sometimes they will sit 
on the top bough of a dead tree. 

Young hobbies are still in the 
nest, which is usually in a dump 
of pines on a hillbrow. The 
parents catch small birds in the 
valley below, and make a curi- 
ous high-pitched, tinkling call 
when they bring their pr?y to the 
nest.’ A few corn burnings are 
still tinging iit the hedgesltfrat 
cross the ripening whealfields; 
and turtle doves are 'still purring. 

The untidy purple flowers of 
greater knapweed are abundant 
in chalky places; marbled white 
butterflies drde around them. 
Hogweed dominates the 

Lucerne, with its rich mauve 
flowers, grows wild at the edge 
of fields where it was once 
cultivated; and the yellow flow- 
ers of wild parsnip and the 
white, Saucer-Like heads of wild 
carrot are opening everywhere. 

Spiders' webs are conspicuous 
where dust and pollen cling to 
their sticky threads. Among the 
creatures which settle on human 
skin or clothes are tinyinsects 
called 'tiiripsT some spedes of 
which are serious pests in 
onions and corn. DJM 


Birihs: Ludwig Feuerbach, 
philosopher. Landshut. Ger- 
many. 1804; Gerard Manley 
Hopkins. Stratford. Essex. 1844; 
Beatrix Potter. London. 1866. 

Deaths: Antonio Vivaldi, Ven- 
ice. 1741: Johann Sebastian 
Bach. Leipzig. 1750: 


Scotland: A82~ Inverness-shire: 
Land sli pp ag e fourmflesNofSpsan 
Bridge; single tine traffic. - 
A 94 Angus, three mdes N of Forfar 
by-pass construction. A7 S of 
Selkirk: road realignment. Single 
fine traffic. 

The North: M18 S 
Yorks/Humberside: roadworks; 
contraflow between junctions 6 and 
7; southbound exit slip road dosed 
at junction 6 (A 614). 

M62 Barton Bridge, Greater Man- 
chester: widening scheme: 

restrictions ‘ 

A69/A6127 Bghton Lodge Junc- 
tion, Gateshead; roadworks.- — - 
i Wales and West MS .Gloucester- 
shire: contraflow between junctions 
.9 arid: \ 10 

(TewkBS bury/ Cheltenham): A30 
Bodmin by-pass; surfacing; one 
lane dosed m each direction on E 
.side. A38 Devon .between Exeter 
and A380: north and southbound 
carriageway closures at top of 
HaJdon Hill. 

Midlands: Ml Leicestershire: 
contraflow on either side of junction 
20. A1 at Sawby, Cambridgeshire: 
contraflow. AS Staffordshire: tingle 
line traffic and temporary signals at 
Ivetsey Bank between Telford and 

London and South-east A3 
Kingston by-pass: waterproofing at 
Carters Bridge, Raynes-Park; lane 
closures on both carriageways. 
Manbote, reconstruction at Hook 
Rise Sooth; 'southbound slip road 



A depression near SW 
Ireland will move steadily 
NE across Ireland and 
Scotland with its asso- 
ciated frontal troughs 
crossing most N and W 

SW England. Wales: Cloudy, outbreaks 
of rain, some heavy and perhaps 
thundery. Wind S fresh. veertng VV 
moderate later. Max nmp 19C 1 66fT. 

Isle of Man, SW Scotland, AtgtiL N 
Ireland: Cloudy, outbreaks of rain, heavy 
ki places. Wind S moderate becoming 
variable and later NW. Max tamp 17C 

Borons, Edinburgh, Dcndee, Abcf 
, Central MgMands, Mo- 

Bond winners 

Winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are: £100.000- I1WW 
526977 (Winner lives in Not- 
tingham); £50.000- 17RL 
372192 (Lisburn. Co Antrim); 
£25.000- 10ZB 494860 (London 
borough of Havering). 



ground, 1030; Ufa In Medieval London: 
Plague and Prosperity, meat Museum of 
London, 2.30: A Charles Dickens Pub 
walk, meet Temple Underground. 7. 
Saturday: London's Histone Docklands 
and Thames, meet Tower H» Under- 
ground. 11.15: Picturesque Hampstead, 
meet Hempstead Underground. 2.30; An 
Htetonc Pub Wafic Tfamesada. meet 
Bt e cfcfrtare Undarground. 7.30. 

Sunday: Histone Richmond Green and 
RrveraUe. m&A Richmond Thealre. Little 
Green, 10JJ0; Along Regent's Canal, meet 
Camden Town Underground, 2.30; 
Saxon. VHng and Norman London; Dark 
Age to Domesday, meet Museum of 
London, 2.15. 



m m 

The pound 

UlMi M 

I iT^ci •'li u ■ UT7Z 1 -? 

htghesi sunstune: Norwich. 122 hr 

Concise crossword page 10 

Franca FT 10.74 

Germany Dm 3.335 3.155 

Greece Dr 219.00 205JW 

Hong Kong S 11^0 11.40 

Ireland Pt 1.123 1JJ83 

Italy Lira 2230.00 216000 

Japan Ten 247.00 233JM 

Netherlands C3d 3.74 3J5 

Norway Kr 11.65 1145 

Portugal Esc 227^0 21650 

south Africa Rd 5.10 4J0 

SpatnPta 211.00 200.00 

tiMdenKr 10J3 1038 

Switzerland Fr in SL55 

USAS 1J547 1.477 

Yugoslavia Dnr - --54000 59000 

Retail Price Indes 3800 

Londme toe FT Index dosed down 05 at 


New York: The Dow JomM mriuatnai 
average tsosed 1 8>iz up at UJ10.04. 


iii i 

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rrsi UmiW W 1 Street. 

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MONDAY JULY 28 1986 

Kenneth Reet 
Executive Editor 

/Change onwe^ir} 

FT 30 Share 

1263.7 (-31 .7) 

FT-SE 100 

1545.8 (-38.6) 

USM (Datastream) 
122.59 (-2.59) 

/Change on week! 

US DoJIar - 

■;1 .481 O/hO. 0235) 
W German mark 
3,1827 HI-0272) 



£ 4 bn China 
trade deal 

- \ Obina is to pat about USS6 
billion (£4 billion) of develop- 

."ment projects for the city of 

- Tianjin (near Beijing) out to 
' International tender, it was 

- announced in Hong Kong last 
' week. 

-;.The eight projects include a 
. L&ge steel mil), -a T.3 million 
-jdlowatt thermal power plant 
: and a-eoal exploration plant 
-..The others are an ethane 
, plant; a car fectory. a cement 

- plant an electrified railway 
. and a TV broadcast tower. 

All the projects vn\\ be 
•. financed with foreign capital, 
r in the- form of direct invest- 
ment from overseas commer- 
. dal loans and soft loans from 
foreign governments, as well 
as international financial bod- 
ies,.. due to the country's 

- foreign exchange problems. 

,GBT move 

- The Chicago Board ofTrade 
-(prn .is planning to open a 
marketing office in London 

- jins September to promote its 
: range of options and futures 
''contracts. A spokesman said 
-..die office would concentrate 
' on promoting the exchange's 
“financial contracts rather than 
its traditional agricultural fu- 
tures and options. 

Office project 

lias transformed JfhS^fohner 
£)ebenb^- _ &Freefebdy^ de- 
partment store in Wigmbre 
Street, London, into a 65,000 
sq ft office development. 

Shoe imports 

Footwear imports have 
started climbing again, revers- 
ing a declining trend estab- 
lished earlier this year. In 
volume, they rose by 4.8 per 
cent in ApriL - 

US Notebook 18 Money Mrkts 19 
GOt-Edgcd 18 USM Prices !9 
ComiMDt 19 USM Review -19 
.Co News' 19 Inv Trusts 19 
foreign E*ch 19 Share Pres 20 

TODAY — Interims: AMS 
•Industries, Continental Assets 
Trust, Thomas Jourdan, Reu- 
ters Holdings. Finals: 
Hillards, Merrydown Wine, 
Murray Smaller Markets 
.Trust Norton Opax, Parkfield 
Croup, F H Tomkins. 
TOMORROW - Interims: 
Burmatex, Child Health Re- 
search Investment Commer- 
cial Bank of Wales, D J 
Security Alarms, National 
Westminster Bank, Radius, 
Splash Products, Webber 
Electro Components, Finals: 
Alva Investment Corporation, 
Eliza Tinsley Group, Gold 
Greenlees Trott Havelock 
Euro pa, Hidong Estate. 
.WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
CSC .investment Trust, 
Mount Charlotte Invest- 
ments, Newmarket Company, 
Somportex Holdings, ware 
Group. Finals: Greggs, Mer- 
cantile House, M S Interna- 
tional, Stavert Zigomtjla, 
THURSDAY - Interim* 
Aaronson Bros, Argyle Trust 
Peter Black Holdings, John l 
Jacobs (amended), Jebsens 
Drilling: Johnstone's P?*" 1 *. 
Lex Service, Macarthys Phar- 
maceuticals, Midland Bank. 
Final* Aim Group, Giwk 
M ew, Mailer Estates, M L 
Holdings. Mid Wynd Interna- 
tional Investment Trust rt * 
Group, William Ransom and 

Son, DavidS Smith. . 

FRIDAY - Interun* Carom 
property. Consolidated Tern 
Investments.. Finals: 
JFormmster. Neepsend.- 




Adam & Company^ 


Citibank Savingst- 
ConsulidataJ CnJs. 
Continental Trust. 
Cooperative Bank. 
C. Hoare & Co 

10 . 00 % 

10 . 00 % 

10 . 00 % 


_ 10 . 00 % 
, 10 . 00 % 

10 . 00 % 

10 . 00 % 

I/. RUOIC u wu -.1 — — Jn ftAtf 

Honff Itong 8 Shaiglw — 10 . 00 % 

Lloyds Bank..- JJ-JJJ 

Nat Westransta ^ 
Royal Bank Scotland — 10 .OT% 

tcr . _• : 10,00% 

mu* NA * — 

Profits leap 
for coal and 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

_ Coal and electricity, two 
industries whose fortunes are 
inextricably tied to each other, 
will this week announce a 
remarkable recovery from the 
debilitating effects of the year- 
long miners' strike. 

The National Coal Board, 
which now trades as British 
Coal, made a loss for 1985-36 
of £50 million, its best perfor- 
mance for seven years. Sir fan 
MacGregor, the chairman, is 
expected to disclose tomorrow 
that the industry made an 
operating profit — before in- 
terest charges and closure and 
redundancy costs — of more 
than £500 million last year. . 

Later in the week, the 
' electricity supply industry, 
buoyed up by sales that are 
increasing by 4 percent a year, 
will announce profits of be- 
tween £200 million mid £300 
million, a result that will 
provide further encourage- 
ment to the Government's 
hopes of electricity following 
gas into the private sector. 

British Coal’s success, 
which now has to be viewed 
against the background of the 
continuing collapse of world 
oil prices, will enable Sir Ian to 
state that the board's intransi- 
gence during the strike was 

■ Sir Ian retires at the end of 

August with, he will claim, his 
wish to leave the industry in 
profit fulfilled. But he has 
already warned his successor. 
Sir Robert Haslam, formerly 
chairman of the British Steel 
Corooration, that the financial 
performance in the first year 
after the strike will be difficult 
to match next year. 

Coal mining remains the 
biggest loss-maker among the 
nationalized industries, with 
£1.4 billion of public funds 
poured into the industry. 

In the short term. British 
Coal's figures have been saved 
by the record levels of post- 
strike productivity — up by a 
third on 1983-84. During last 

Sir Philip Jones: £1.7 billion 
loss turned into profit 

year, 27 collieries deemed to 
be uneconomic were closed 
and 33.000 mineworkers left 
the industry without compul- 
sory redundancy. 

This year, however, the fall 
in oil prices will put coal 
prices under increasing pres- 
sure although senior NCB 
management believes that 
growing public concern over 
nuclear safety may affect the 
electricity-generating industry 

Coal's prospects have now 
been improved by speculation 
that the Central Electricity 
Generating Board will next 
year seek planning permission 
to build two 2,000 megawatt 
coal-fired power stations in 
the South of England. 

On Thursday. Sir Philip 
Jones, chairman of the Elec- 
tricity Council, will be prais- 
ing his industry for its 
tumround from a £1.7 billion 
loss caused by the miners' 
strike. The total cost of the 
dispute to the electricity sup- 
ply industry was £2.2 billion 
but some interest charges were 
carried over into 1 985-86. Sir 
Philip, like Mr Peter Walker, 
the Energy Secretary, argued 
successfully against the intro- 
duction of a “Scargill sur- 
charge*' to pass on the cost of 
the strike to consumers rather 
than to taxpayers generally. 

service in 
legal row 

By Lawrence Lever 

between City Investment Cen- 
tres. the owner of the North 
LOndon Share Shop which 
allow investors to purchase 
shares off. .the . Street, and 
NMW Computers,, the Talis- 
man add accounting services 

: Allegations and writs have 
flown between the two compa- 
nies over the CAPITAL ser- 
vice which NMW agreed to 
provide CIC with last year. 
This is the back-office accoun- 
tancy and bargain-settlement 
service which NMW provides 
fora broad cross-section of the 
securities industry. - 

ClC^has issued a writ 
against NMW and is claiming 
that the CAPITAL service 
provided was inadequate. Mr 
Edward Dunn, a Cl C director, 
said last week: "It was off line 
more often than it was on. 
They notified us between 50 
and 60 times that there would 
be a break in the service,” 

He blamed the problems 
with NMC as producing de- 
lays in processing bargains, 
thereby causing contract notes 
and payments to be sent out 

A quite different picture is 
painted by Mr Nigel Bannis- 
ter. the managing director of 
NMW, who says that the 
company deliberately stopped 
the CAPITAL service to CIC 
because it would not pay its 
bills. NMW is suing CIC for 
non-payment of fees due. 


halt price collapse 

By Our Industrial Correspondent 

The Organization of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries 
(Opec) begins another attempt 
in Geneva today to reach 
agreement on output quotas in 
a bid to prevent a further slide 
in the world oil price which, 
according to -some experts, 
could fell to $5 a barrel by the 
end of next month. 

Prospects of a deal looked 
increasingly unlikely yester- 
day when Iraq said jt would 
insist on the same quota as 

Dr Subroto, the Indonesian 
oil minister, said yesterday 
that Opec could achieve its 
price target of $17-$19a barrel 
h if the organ ization were united 
on the issue of production 
restraint - . v: ; . “ / 

Opec members agreed in 
Brioni, Yugoslavia, last 
month to fix a production 
ceiling of 1 7.6 million barrels 
a day. but Dr Subroto's sug- 
gested quota system has still to 

be accepted. Meanwhile, Opec 
production is reported to be 
reaching 20 million barrels a 

Following a meeting yester- 
day of Opec’s long-term strate- 
gy committee, which includes 
Mtfdi “Arab iarKu wait Iran, 
Iraq, Venezuela and Algeria. 
Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yam am. 
the Saudi oil minister, said 
“useful talks" had occurred 
but that quotas had not been 

The United Arab Emirates 
oil minister, Mana Said Al- 
Oteiba, who has demanded a 
larger share of the proposed 
quotas, said the strategy com- 
mittee meeting would help the 
full Opec meeting. 

- -. A fiirther fell in oil prices 
would be bad news for Mr 
Nigel Lawson, the Chancellor, 
who stands to lose around £3 
billion in taxes if the price 
drops to an average of S 10 a 

SRO role for Lloyd’s 

Lloyd's insurance market 
and the Takeover Panel 
should become self-regulatory 
organizations (SROs) under 
the Financial Services Bill, 
according to a Bow Group 
paper published today. 

Mr Maurice Button, mer- 
chant banker, argues that 
making Lloyd's an SRO 
would increase its account- 
ability and prove that its 
standards were on a par with 

the rest of the City. The 
Takeover Panel would have a 
range of disciplinary measures 
at its disposal 
Mr Button also suggests 
investment in goods such as 
works of art; strengthening the 
Bank of England's supervisory 
department; and an account- 
ing standard setting out the 
circumstances in which audi- 
tors will be required to report 
their clients to the authorities. 


Facing defeat: GECs Lord Weinstock could opt for a barter deal if his£l.2bn bid is blocked. 

Veto expected for GEC bid 

Speculation was mounting 
over the weekend that the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission had given the 
thumbs down to General Elec- 
tric Company’s £I_2 billion hid 
for Plessey, its smaller elec- 
tronics competitor. 

Mr Paul Chan non. the 
Trade and Industry Secretary', 
has had the report for more 
than a week and is expected to 
give his verdict around the 
middle of August. Both 
Plessey and GEC said yester- 
day they had no idea of the 
Commission's conclusions. 

Plessey also firmly denied 
that it was building up a stake 
in Ferranti, another important 
defence electronics company. 
Plessey issued a statement 
saying: “There is no troth in 
the speculation that we are 
attempting to acquire shares in 
Ferranti or engage in poison 
pill activity.” 

By AHson Eadie 

Plessey shares eased 14p 
last week to 2©2p as the City 
came round to the view that 
either the GEC bid wonld be 
blocked or so hedged in with 
qualifications that a foU bid 
would be impossible. 

GEC was non-committal 
yesterday over suggestions it 
would bid for STC if blocked 
in going for Plessey. A spokes- 
man said the company wonld 
wait for Mr Chaunon's deci- 
sion before deriding on a 
future course. 

GECs bid for Plessey has 
come up against some power- 
ful opposition. More than 160 
MPs of all parties signed a 
Commons Early Day Motion 
last week declaring a takeover 
to be against the public inter- 

The Ministry of Defence 
is also known to be hostile to a 
move which conld reduce com- 
petition amongst defence 

booms in 
New York 

By Judith Hmitley 
* Commercial Property 
- Correspondent . . 
New York, with 200 million 
sq ft of offices, is spreading its 
development boundaries to its 
West Side, once shunned by 
the financial community and 
developers alike. 

Gulf & Western Industries 
is building a huge office and 
retail complex in the Madison 
Square area, while Mr Wil- 
liam Zeckendorf is planning a 
£200 million office and resi- 
dential scheme on the site of 
the former Madison Square 

Phibro-Salomon and Bos- 
ton Properties, are replacing 
the New York Coliseum con- 
vention centre with a 70- 
storey office block, a 300- 
room hotel, retail space and a 
new convention centre. Mr 
Donald Trump, of Trump 
Tower feme, plans to build a 
1 50-storey office tower on the 
Upper West Side waterfront 
And the City of New York is 
building four giant office 
blocks for nearly £1 billion at 
Times Square with local de- 
veloper Mr George Klein. 

Kenneth Leventhal, the 
firm of US accountants, esti- 
mates there will be another 27 
million sq ft of offices in 
Manhattan by 1987. 

Company chiefs 
face showdowns 

By Cliff Feltham 

. Two leading knights of in- 
dustry face a showdown with 
their shareholders this week 
after a string of disappointing 

Sir Michael Edwardes. 
chairman of the Chloride 
battery group, and Sir Jack 
Wellings, head of the 600 
Group, an iron and steel scrap 
business, will face a number of 
searching questions at annual 
meetings in London. 

The all-important institu- 
tional shareholders, although 
unlikely to give any backing to 
pressure from small investors. 
will be watching closely for 
indications that the businesses 
are showing signs of im- 

A dissident shareholder, Mr 
David Wilson, has urged 106 
institutions owning shares in 
600 Group to back a call for a 



pact in 

From Alan McGregor 

With only four days until 
the Multi-Fibre Arrangement 
(MFA) runs out, negotiators 
from 50 countries have spent 
the weekend striving to nar- 
row the still wide gap between 
big Third World producers 
and developed nations seeking 
to protect what remains of 
their textile industries against 
floods of low-cosi imports. 

"Moderate" developing 
countries have proposed a 
three-year extension to the 
arrangement, first negotiated 
in 1973, whose members han- 
dle 88 per cent of the Si 00 
billion a year world textile 

The US wants five years, the 
EEC is prepared to compro- 
mise on four. If possibly 
flexible on terms, the US 
remains obdurate on most 
other positions, its delegates 
arguing that precise restric- 
tions are the best defence 
against the Washington pro- 
tectionist lobby. 

In particular, the Americans 
insist on obtaining contingen- 
cy measures for curbing im- 
port surges. They are par- 
ticularly insistent on vegetable 
fibres now being brought into 
the MFA. including ramie, the 
flax-like fibre increasingly 
used with cotton in cheaper 

In the meantime, the US 
has also strengthened its M FA 
position through independent 
bilateral deals with three ma- 
jor exporters, Hong Kong, 
Taiwan (not in the MFA) and 
South Korea. 

Even if there is no overt 
link, these MFA negotiations 
have become psychologically 
enmeshed with the concurrent 
crisis-climax of Gait's 
endeavours to secure agree- 
ment — also by midnight on 
Thursday — on the draft 
declaration for endorsement 
by trade ministers meeting at 
Punte del Esie on September 
15 to launch a new round of 
multi-lateral negotiations. 

Among the "radical" Third 
World nations who say they 
wam-the- MFA abolished and 
replaced by application of 
Galt fair-trade rules are some 
of those, including India, still 
opposing inclusion of services 
in the new round. 

If there is no hint of a deal, 
Mr Arthur Dunkel. Gan direc- 
tor general, will be holding 
almost continuous consulta- 
tions with the main partici- 
pants in both negotiations. 

British Telecom, by con- 
trast, is keen on the idea of the 
amalgamation of the two 
companies' manufacturing of 
System X- public digital tele- 
phone exchanges. 

A government veto on a full 
takeover bid could still leave 
room for an agreed swapping 
of important divisions. It is 
thought that Lord Weinstock, 
managing director of GEC, 
might contemplate selling its 
electronics, telecommunica- 
tions and other high-technol- 
ogy businesses to Plessey in 
exchange for Plessey shares. 
GEC conld potentially become 
the controlling shareholder In 

GECs. original reason for 
branching the bid - was to 
enable Britain to compete 
more effectively with the major 
international corporations in 
telecommunications and elec- 

57 per cent rise in the divi- 
dend payout, costing over 


He said: “This will bring the 
dividend for the year into line 
with the increases in the 
chairman's salary since 1976.” 

The Chloride Shareholders' 
Action Group has been a 
persistent thorn in the side of 
Sir Michael Edwardes. Its 
leader. Dr Maurice 
Gillibrand. was last year elect- 
ed to the board on a show of 
hands, but the vote was over- 
turned by proxies. 

Dr Gillibrand has been 
pressing for support from 
institutional shareholders, ar- 
guing that there roust be 
something wrong with 
Chloride’s recruiting policy if 
all the management changes of 
recent years have still failed to 

Deals cleared 

The following bids and 
offers will not be referred to 
the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission: Grattan by 
Next. Budgen Holdings by 
Barker. Canada Dry Soft 
Drinks by Cadbury 
Schweppes and certain assets 
of Cadbury Schweppes by the 
CocaCola Co. 


Banking shares set to improve 

By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

The banking sector looks set 
for some good news as the 
clearers announce their half- 
year results this week, despite 
a rather flabby stock market 
performance on Friday.. 

Lloyds has already given a 
foretaste - though it was well 
previewed — with a 26 per cent 
pretax profit increase and a 52 
per rent rise on the post-tax 

Lloyds has always been 
good at handling its tax 
charge, but there are two 
factors helping all the banks in 
this respect One is the felling 
rate of corporation tax and the 
other is. .a greater use. of 
Specific provisions instead of 
general provisions for bad 

National Westminster gave 
impetus to the trend at the end 
of Iasi year transfeired 
a large chunk of provisions 
from one category to the 
other. Specific provisions are 
used for particular areas of 
sovereign debt and the move 
reflects the special problems 
currently related to sovereign 
lending. Bui it also has the 
happy effect of reducing the 
tax bill because specific provi- 
sions get tax relief while 
ge neral provisions do nOL 

The banks are likely to 
differ in the 'extent to which 
they use this ruse,- however, 
which makes predicting their 
performances on the interna- 

Fore casts of clearing bank half-year pretax profits 

-'8S actual — Lalng & Philips & Scrirngeour- 
Cruteksnaric Drew Vickers 

Barclays '' 

























tional banking side- more 

Domestic UK operations 
proved to be the star perform- 
ers for all the banks last year 
and this will remain the case 
in the current set of figures. An 
increasing amount of bank 
income is from fee and com- 
mission earning business but, 
one argument runs, growing 
competition will bring this to 
an end. “The banks are aware 
of growing competition in the 
UK but the effect has not 
filtered through yet,” argues 
Mr Tim Clarke ofScrimgeour-- 

■But there are limiting fac- 
tors on UK performance. 
“Falling base rates hurt the 
banks, though this is likely to 
be more severe in the second 
half of this year,” says Mr 
Peter Toeman of Phillips & 
Drew. “Although profit mar- 
gins in the UK still look 
fevourable. ihe margin on 
mortgage rates, for example, 
has dropped over the last six 

Although the Lloyds figures 
showed a £9 million increase 
in bad debt provisions for UK 
lending, the signs are that 
corporate bankruptcies are 

now falling and economic 
conditions are improving for 
the banks. 

Overseas, too, the signs look 
relatively good, though sea- 
soned observers hesitate to 
tempt fate by claiming that we 
are over the worst of the debt 
crisis. The news from Mexico 
seems relatively good and 
although the banks will cer- 
tainly nave to lend more, the 
prospect of the debts going 
bad has receded somewhat 
The Lloyds results will proba- 
bly prove typical in showing a 
decrease in providing for tad 
overseas debL ■ 

Banks are increasingly fac- 
ing the problem of rising costs 
as their non-interest earning 
business grows. If the Lloyds 
figures are anything to go by, it 
has been relatively successful 
in limiting its growth to 
reasonable levels. But Lloyds 
was benefiting from the one- 
off merger of LBI into the 
main bank. Without some 
similar cost-saving excercise, 
the other dealers may not do 
quite so well in this area. 

While.ihese general features 
will affect all the banks, they 
will touch each one different- 
ly. National Westminster is 

almost certain to announce a 
strong surge in interim profits, 
partly because its half-year 
figures last time were unusual- 
ly poor and it had— some 
catching up to do. “We favour 
NatWest,” says Mr Patrick 
Frazer of Laing & 
Cruickshank. “On a world- 
wide basis it has managed to 
avoid trouble in comparison 
to the other banks.” 

On the other hand, NatWest 
is set to lose £18 million in 
commissions in the first year 
of offering free-if-in-credit 
banking. Midland, on the 
other hand, should make a 
tidy sum out of its current 
account banking service, hav- 
ing picked up more customers 
last year and quietly raised its 
commission rates this year. 

“We are looking at 
Midland," says Mr Toeman. 
“The shares don’t reflect the 
effect on earnings or the 
balance sheet of the Crocker 
disposal. Also, Midland’s high 
tax charge must come down.” 

There is suppressed relief 
that Lloyds did not win its bid 
for Standard Chartered which 
would have left it with a 
dubious looking balance 
sheet, awkward South African 
exposures and a colossal ad- 
ministrative problem. 

But its possible remaining 
Interest in developments at 
Standard leaves it as a some- 
what - speculative stock at 
present Barclays remains at 
lb - top of the profits league. 



Enjoy extra-high interest 
from just £500 with 
Anglia’s Capital Share 90. 

If you can invest £500 or more, we pay you 


impounds annually to an in 




which compounds annually to an impressive 


Ail you need do is give us to 90 days' loss of interest. 

90 days’ notice for withdrawal Vte pay interest half yearly. Or 

although your money is / \ monthly, if preferred, on 
instantly accessible subject /_ X investments of£ 1 ,000or more. 


The building society that cares about what you want. 





STREET. LONDON. EC4M9A4 NOT LATER THAN 1Q.00 AJUI. ON WEDNESOAT.30TH da) deposits is sterllea ruEcBo pits I percent per an aura. Sadi iw«ill be da 

on ftn^ oxvdue 
1 Rue far seven 


ISSUE BY TENDER OF £400,000,000 

Default in due payment of am a moo at in rapect of the Stodc will render the aBounew of such 
Sock liable to caned tamo and any anwuni previously pud I table to forfeiture. 

21. Letters oTaflouneni may be spin miodenauuaadons of tool nplesofflOO on «ratennaj«eH 

21 per cent INDEX-LINKED 

mated by the Bank of England, New Issue*, waiting Sum. Untdm. EC AM 9AA on an} date 
ibx birr Ilian ath Septembo- l»tt. Such lequtso must be signed and mus be aecnnpaiMd by the 

22 . Leners of aHotmcm most be surrendered far Rgnmiioa. acannpanied by a crarkud 
re^sniiM farm, when the balance of ibepanhaK money n paid. unkM payment a lad bn been 
made befare tbe dne date, m «lud> cue uey mpa be smepdbnd nr Ntnaun DM fatenbu 
Sib September 1986. 

23. Until the cfase of badness on ZWt D ecember HU Swdi bmed in a tan do ncc with this 
prospect ns will be known as 2& per cent I odea- Linked Treasury Swck. 2016 "A". TTte nitcrtH doc 


Deposit with temte £40.00 per cent 

On Monday, 8di September 1986 B a l an ce of pnrdmse money iwniaiivS-* So* 

• 34. TbttajtdavfcrtodseSHflUttbeBankofEs^andoftninfcisfiorTTiistrOwou'A Stock 

INTEREST RATABLE HuLF-TtARU' ON ZSTH JANUARY AND26TH JUUf win be 22nd Detan her ifr 6 . After lto date far perposoofoenjlkaiiqq. dx*A'&AsdlHi 

I. The Stock rs an .fltesunem falbns *itb» Fan U I of the firsSdtednfc.w the That* . be dtg^ mbed from the nfatfag. 4jg.<g MgU*g. 

Investmcnu \ei IW. Application has been made to ite Catraal ofTbe Stack EaCfcU* fee the g™^of«»WMon30ftDetxmba (« 6 .tbe A Stock «nU bt»m*l#wn#«d wuh theexwmg 

-- * 1 j— .iLaie — 1 1 oNKXa 

I. The Stack n an ifltesuneni folUng Witten Fan ll of the Fjm5dwdB*.» the Tfnstee 
Investments Ad imi. Application has been made to ite Coonal ofTbe Stack Etfbuge fee the 


tnoTCiaideri for lie abase Stock. 

3. Tlwpnrwodofand interest on tjKSi«i»ffl be a d»fiE on ihe National Loans Frnid. "Mi 35 Caflsx 

recourse 10 [hr Consolidate! Fund or the United Kingdom. Kzaptaa. 

4. The Stock will be reinsured at the Baal of England or at the Bank of.lcclud, Belfast, and 

23. Tender far ms ai 
Inna. WohngStreeL 
at the Giassow Agency 
20 CatoS- Ssrert. t 

Trader farms and eopw of dm 
. WohoiStreeL London. EC4M 

n. EC4M nAA-orat any of the Branches of die Sank of £rafand.or 
Bank of England; al the Bank of Ireland. Mowc Berttrf**, 1st Roar. . 
BT1 $BN; Of at any office of The Stock Eachuge in the United - 

Stoat Transfer Act i*M. Stock registered ai ibe Bank meKoum oirneniom Anoioon is drawn to the sowncm issued by Her Majestf* Treramj on 29th Mar 1WS which 

of the Cental Gito Office sen icc »iBa Iso he wanHcffte mm^^wt ^ ^PV .bygtc pigi tfuL nUfte raftered of tie onferfy conduct of foal poO cjl neither Her Mtest y\ 

transfer in acmrdancc wnh the Swck Transfer A«t I W- and the tele»ani surotdutaie kfuatnm. Government iter the 040k of England or ihaf respective servants <x laems undertake so drsetase 
Transfers miD be free of sump duty. tax rtaaaes decided on but not yet an non need, even wbcrcihev m«v moartcaB) idea the terms 

3 If not previous!! redeemed unde: the prox mans of paragraph W. the Stock win be re^td on adueb. or the condition under which, this Stock is issued or sold by or on behalf of die 
on 'bih Juh 2016. T he \ahie .if the oncci pal on repayment win be related, intyeci to the renm of Government or the Bank; that no cespomibility can therefore be accepted for any Ofnisaoe to 

on :t>ih J 11 K 2016. The value .if ibeonncipjt on repayment win be related, subject to the terms of Government or the Bank, lhai no responsibility can therefore be accepted far any ontiuon to 
this prospectus. 10 ibe movemenL during the life of [he Stock. dT ihe United Kraptom General make saefadrsdosure: and rbat such omusitm shall naifaer reader any inasaetmaliahle to be set 
Index of Retail Pnco maintained In the De-aflraent of EmptovinenL or any Index which may aside nor pvt me to any dum far CW»p«qtmn 

replace Uia I ndev for the purrnses caT luipraipeaus sucti movcmeni ba^i ndiaicd by the Index 

figure issued monibly and lubvquemh published m ihe London- Eoinuuiui ana Bares Gaieties. BANK OF ENGLAND 

6. For the purposes of this provpecrus. ihe lode* Genre applicable 10 any month »iU beAe LONDON 
Index figure issued seven mom hi poor 10 the relevant month and relating to the monib bdore , 

Dial pnor month: -month' means calendar month, and the Index ratio apSjcal* to anymoo* ~ 5 ’ BJWy 
■nil be equal tothe lode* figure applicable to lhat month dntded by the Index figure appuaMe 
to January 1983. 

7 . TV amount doe on repavrnetiL perf lOOncminalofSodt. will be £ 100 mulnpti ed by t he 1 “ 1 

lodo ratio applicable 10 the monift in whirii rep a y m em rakes place. 7hts ammwL eep rewed m «r^T¥C mnn* lx* iv rve- * icm 

pounds sterling 10 four places of decimals romnlrd to ihe nearest figure bHow. will be announced THIS FORM MAY BE USED 

6% the Bank of England not later than the business day munediatdy prmding the dale of the TTnvrrxm tvyux* . . 

penultimate interest payment. 1 LINUUt fUKM 

8. Interest will V payable halFyearl' on 26th January and 2Mb J uly, loronse nx.wtlj be Ttrfs farm man V fated at the Bank of EnfanA. New bancs 00. Watttmr Street, Laadaa. 

deducted front payments of more than is per annum Interest warrants -all be iransauttoJ by eOSM 9AA oat bfar tfia I (LOO AJML ON W&DNESDAX 3BTH JULY imS. nratand’thr 
post- B r anches aflfccBaalc of t agfaa d or anhe C1 n saa« ArnndttrBixftrfE^m'MhMHfa>- 

0. TVfrrsiifrieresJpOfiDenimD be nude 00 J>ib January l437aiibermeof£f^3DFperTJ0D JL30RNLON TUISIMaRIHJUlT MIL 

nomtnal ofSuxk. ■ ■ — ■■■■ ■■■ 

ID. Each Mibsequeiu Vlf-vearlv merest cavmem will Vat a rate, per £100 nominal of Stock. 
of£J JS mullipVd by the Index rai» applicable 10 Ibe momfa in which ibe payment lalhdne. 

11. The rare of inierest far each interest paroient other than the finL expressed as a percentage 
m pounds ncHme m four places of deanwlsrounded to Hie neatest figure bdow. »ill be announced 
by thr Bank of tngbnd not taler dun the business day imiBediatety preceding ibe date of the 
previous inures pav mcrL 

12 If ibe Index is revised 10 a new bare after the Stock n issued, it mil V necessary, for the 

purposes ofthe pr«rdm£ pingraphs. to cakuiaie and use a doi tonal Index figure in subsnuuon 
far the Index fipun.- applicable to ihe month in which rrpaitnenl tale* pfacr and 'or an interest 
pavmem tolls due (The month of pavmem-y. This nohow! Index itgure will v caknlared by 

ISSUE BY TENDER OF £400.000,000 

2z per cent INDEX-LINKED 

ntulupHuiE the actual Index figure applicable to the month of payment by ihe Index Graire 
old base for Hr month on which the revised Index rs based and dividing ibe product by ll 

base figure far the same month The. procedwe will be used for each occasranoowtucb a revision 
nmaJetUinm ihe Uc of ibe Slack. 

oe dunag Oie life of ibe Slack. 

If (be Index is not published for a month for which it is relevant far the purposes of this 

prospeetta. the Bank of England- after appropriate cnnsnliation with the idexam Smernmcm as fallows^— 

Deparoneni. will publish a substitute Indev figure which shall be an estimate of ihe Index figure j maim of Slade rendered far 
whnh would have been applicable lothemwithul nayreenLand sucb substitute Index figure shall _ 

be used for all punmes far which the actual Index ucutc would have been relexani. ThecaJcutmon xlO^-*ijOOU 
bv ihe Bank of England of the amounts of principal and, or inrerest payahk: on the basis of a sj.900— tiuoo 
subsiiiute Index ligure shall be conclusive and binding upon an stockholders. No subsequent 
adjustment to such a mourns will he made in (he event of subvoqoen pubbeatfaft of tie Index fiftgoo— CBJfM 
figure which would have bernappl«aNeio the monikaf payment or greater 

|4 If anx chanj* shouW V made to Ihe co» cage or the tome calculanoa of the Index which, 
in the opinion rd ihe Bank of England consticjiev a I'undamcntaZ change m the Index which would 
be maimallv d>.inmenial 10 the inicresis of vorvtutdrrv Her Major* "s Treasury will publish a 

noure in the London. Edinburgh and Belfast Gueilcs rmmediaiel. faflowmg the ammncemenl Are (HI of deposit rercfc 

bs the relex-aoi Govern m ent Depart ment of ihe vhanpr infienting slock holders and otTenngihetn fare rer y QMof the NOMIN A 

I/We lender inareordancewuh ibe terms of ihe prosoeetns *ard ZSLh July 1986asfa0ew— 
Aaxoontofa l i n iii ire nH en r ii 5toci tendered far, befanarefalia of 080 and fa a re^ripk 


SSQMOer greater 


injure in the London. Edinburgh and Belfast Gueilex rmmediaiel. faflowmg iV annaaocematt Are (HI of deposit rednciL being MH 

bs the reJesum Government Dcpanmemolihe vhanpt infiemmr stockholders and otTenng them far e rer y OOOnfrbe NOMINAL xin i om ll Slack 
ibenght to require Her Majcox'i Treason to redeem tharstock For thr pxirposa of dns paragraph, rendered far (shown in Box I ab*»r)>— 
retnymenl lr> siockholdcrs who exemsc this npii will be dfecud. on a dale 10 be chosen by Her 
Maieux'x Treasun. not Idler ifun seven mrorJis from ihe last month of pubheauon of the old 

Majesty x Treasun.. not later ihatt seven nKnrJis from the last month of puxrcauon 01 throw 
Index Thr am.Hiiit ol principal due -m rrpavmeni and of anv interest which has accr u ed will be 

cafrufaied on the basis of the Index ratio applhaNr 10 the month in which repay ment takes place. 
A nouer selling oul the adimntsraiivc asra narmsniv will V sent lu mcklKMereMibar regntaed 
address b* the Bank of England at ihcappropi latelime 


TV priee cendrecd per 000 Stock, bong • 
moMptr of 2Sp firafm Miged ouhout a pner 

13. Trndrf* rent be ludred ■■ ibe Bank of E inland. New (KL YYaUinc Street. London. fwirwZcaed *(lihr mrcirdt— 
EC4M 9AA nw lain dm IO.DO LU ON WEDNESDAY. 3DTH JULY i<«gtx or ar om% of wor rejrernw 

EC4M 9aa nw later than 10.01) L.M. ON WEDNESDAY. 30TH Jt'LY IOMl or ar any of 
the Bnwfttt of iV Bank of England or at the Glasgow Agent) of the Bonk of England not brer 
than 3JI P.M. 0> TUESDAY. 29TH.IIU 1 086. Each trader nresiV far one amreutt and at one 

price which u a nekiplc of 25p. Tenders will urn be rwocaUr between 1000 oaw. on Hrdnesdns 
30th July 1986 and HUM lb. on Mondav 4th Lugosi 1986. TENDERS LODGED HTTHOLT 

fflV hereby engage to pay the hitance of the pmetase money when it becomes dae op any 

alhmngm dial may tie made in rexprex nf il«x tender as pmvidwt by n»- nlrf 

A lepontr eheqor rtprexrntinE a deposit at the rate of C40JH) far nnj £100 of the 

1 /Ue request that any tetter of allotmem m respea of Stock al lotted to me/us V sera by 
post at my/our risk m tnc/ns at the addles shown bclcrei 

NO'IINAL areooat of Stork irndrrn! for maxi accompany each trader, eftnats ml be drawn 
on a freak in. and be payable fp. the t aired Ksagdom. the Cbuncf Islands or toe fate of Moo. 

17 Tenders not be far ■ minimum ol £100 manual of Stock and IV mahtples of Stock as 

Anoxia ofShet. tendend for Multiple 

£ 100 — £ 1.008 IIAO 

£1.900— £3.800 £300 

£3.000— CKLBOO £1.000 time 

150.000 or greater Z2&000 . . 


oC or oo betnlfoC tenderer 


18 Her Majesty's Treavur* reserve the right to reject any tender or pan of am tender and may 
therefore alWvt to tenderers lex :han the lull amount of the Stock. Tenders will be ranked in 
detcrndiiig ortrrofpncr and al In uncnis will he nude to tenderers whose tenders are at or above 
the lowest price at which Ho Mairsr-N Treaxurv decide that any render should be accepted l ihe 
allotment pnccl. LU allounems will v made ar ihe lUotmcm pnee temlers wh^h are accepted 
and which are made ai prices above ihe alloimrni price will be aHottrd in fulL lenders made al Ibe 
allot ment price may V all-wed in full cr ir part only Lny balance ofStock not allotted to tenderers 
will be alien icd a i the aUoimrnl price to the Governor and Com pan* ot ihe Bank of Engtand. Issue 

19. Leiiersofalloonaii in morel ofSrock alloiied. beinglVoalv form in which I be Stock may 
be transferred pnor to registranon. win he devpoldied bv post ai the nsk of the lendrrer. but the 
despairh ol an v teller of illoimrnL and an« refund of ihe balance of the amount paid as deposit, 
may at the discretion ol the Bank ol England be withheld until the tenderer’s cheque has been 
paid In the event ofsr<cft “iihftoJdrns. rite rendcrer <* ill hr notified by (rnerby tie Baal, of England 
of ihe acceptance ol his tender and or the amount of Slock allocated to hint, subject in racb case 
to pay meni of his cheque. Inn such noidkalion will confer no right on the tenderer to transfer the 
Stock sc a I tamed. 

20. No alto unent will be made for a less amonnt (ban £100 Swck. In the ram of partial 
aftmmcttL i V balance of the amount paid as deposit win. when refunded, be remitted by cheque 
despatched by post al Ihe risk of no jlknroemninadr the amount pud as deposit 
wiU be reiurnedlikewise. Favmeni in full may be made at any umcaAcr aUaunrru buinodiscocau 






a A srpnralc eheqor not neenrapany cacti 

tender- Cheques sbonM he wade payable one 
ta -Bank of Eogfand" and crossed -New 
Isaacs - . Cheques .and be drawn on a bank 

b Each tender mmt V far awe amount and af 
•ac price which b a maldpleaf ttp. 

bsaes - . Cheques Mil be drawn oa a hank 
fa. aad V payable in. tV IUM U^dara. 
■V Chaaoel blaafear iV Ue of JMxn. 


Wuko moves to even better service 

B^ismog 28th July; Wako International (Europe) 
Limited mores to 16 Finsbury Circus, in the heart of the 
City’s financial district. Our new location promises greater 
convenience, and even better service: We are taking full 
advantage of this change to increase our staff and 
further expand our computerised brokerage and 
information systems. 

These enhancements will allow us to better serve 
the growing and changing needs of our customers. 

Once we’ve made our move, well be in an excellent 
position to help you make yours. 

New address: 

Wiko International (Europe) Limited 
4th Floor, Park House 16 Finsbury Circus, 
London, EC2M 7DJ Tel: (01) 374-6055 
Fax: (01) 374-8611 Tfelex: 884020 

t! WAKO 


Inter national Hsadqnartan: 6-1 . Koamtcho, Nihonbaahl. Chua-Ku, Tokyo 103. Japan Td; (031667-81 1 1 Telex: J24818, J28d8d, J2BB41, J238S5 
O wrioii NnoaricLonGPD, Rails. Seneua, Bavaln. Hong Kong. Nere YorivLosAngeieo 


Blow to £7bn funding hopes 

This year’s public sector 
borrowing requirement target 
is £7.1 billion and. within the 
wide margins of error which 
exist at this stage in the 
financial year, it looks as if 
the outcome, will be reason- 
ably dose to thetaiget * 
Strong doubts about the 
PSBR trend in 1987-88 are 
building up as the results of 
the Cabinet debate about 
spending plans for next year 
emerge. So far, however, the 
1 986-87 PSBR trend seems to 
be under control, in spite of 
felling oil prices. 

The gilt market has thus 
been going ahead on the 
assumption lhat there will be 
about £7 billion of net fund- 
ing this year. This would 
certainly seem to be a fair 
conclusion, given the 
Chancellor’s last exposition 
of official funding policy. 
Last autumn's Mansion 
House speech laid down that 
“the objective of funding 
policy is to fund the PSBR 
over the year as a whole: no 
more, no less." 

Even so. fears have begun 
to grow that the Chancellor’s 
simple approach to the fund- 
ing issue is now proving 
rather too ample in an 
increasingly complicated 
monetary world. Certainly, it 
is difficult to reconcile what 
has actually been happening 
in the fending area with Mr 
Lawson's stated policy of no 
net under- or over-fending. - 
• The first three ■ banking 
months of this financial year 
have seen under-fending av- 
eraging almost £500 million a 
month in seasonally adjusted 
terms. The authorities might 
intend to make up this short- 
fall later in the year, but in an 
autumn dominated by the 
TSB and British Gas flota- 
tions this would be a carious 
policy development. 

It seems dear instead that 
the Chancellor's previous 
emphasis on fending the 
PSBR has now been overtak- 
en by the emergence of new 

priorities in monetary policy. 

The Treasury maintains it 
is seeking to control the 
exchange rate, interest rates. 
MO and sterling M3, as well 
as virtually anything else 
anyone cares to mention in 
the monetary field. 

other short-term financial 

The authorities could in- 
stead choose to . influence 
liquidity via over- or under- 
fending but, hi this context it 
is ‘fending relative, to. the. 
central government borrow-, 
ing requirement (CGBR) 
which manehs. 

In practice, some ordering 
of priorities is clearly needed 
as the authorities try to. 
control the sometimes con- 
flicting trends in these areas. 
Sterling M3 used to be quite 
high up on this list of 
priorities and funding rela- 
tive to the PSBR is an 
essential ingredient in any 
strategy aimed at controlling 
the broad monetary 

July seems to have. seen a! 
reversal in tactics. j 

Few market practitioners, 
however, would argue with 
the suggestion that the official 
Kst of priorities now seems to 
be the exchange rate (and 
hence short-term interest 
rates) first- followed by MO, 
with sterling M3 a long way 
behind in third place; 

The Bank's main mecha- 
nism for the manipulation of 
short-term interest rates is 
via die assistance it gives to 
the money market and the 
impact this has on the bank- 
ing system’s liquidity. 

Traditionally, this liquidity 
has taken the form of 
bankers' balances plus banks' 
till money and Treasury bill 
holding. As the Bank of 
England has noted, however, 
wife the depletion of the 
stock of oustanding Treasury 
bills, commercial bWs have 
become an important compo- 
nent of the banking system's 
liquidity. Hence the Bank's 
increasing involvement in 
the commercial bill market in 
recent yean. 

The Bank seeks to exert 
day-to-day influence over 
short-term interest rates, fre- 
quently with the ultimate 
objective of stabilizing the 
exchange raze, via its opera- 
tions m commercial bills and 

Funding relative to the 
PSBR is simply not relevant 
for the fairly straightforward 
reason that the local authori- 
ties and public corporations, 
which constitute the differ- 
ence between tbe'CGBR and 
PSBR. typically bank with 
the commercial banks, not 
with the Exchequer as does 
central government. 

Any borrowing which local 
a utho rities, for example, un- 
dertake from banks, will thus 
not involve a flow to or from 
foe Exchequer, and bankers* 
balance will not be effected; 
In practice, however, foe 
authorities- dislike placing 
much weight on funding poli- 
cy for foe day-to-day manage- 
ment of interest rates for a 
variety of reasons, not least 
the difficulty of fine-tuning 
daily fending activity. 

Even so, there is no escap- 
ing the impact of the relation- 
ship between the CGBR and 
funding when it. comes to 
MO-SimpHfying only slightly, 
foe following accounting 
identity can be deduced: 

Changes in MO — CGBR - 
net sales of government debt 
+• money market assistance 
try the bank. - 

' Thus to maintain MO on an 
even keeL the. authorities 
must balance any action they 
are taking m the money 
markets by either over- or 
under-fending the CGBR. 
This presumably explains 
why -this spring, when the 
authorities were running 
down the bill mountain 
sharply* they were also heavi- 
ly under-fending the CGBR. 
All this was in a period when 
they were trying to slow the 
fell in Interest rates. Banking 

This is a rather shatteri ng- ’ 
blow for anyone expfccting- 
about £7 billion of net fendr 
ing this year, since the CGBR 
seems bound : to! be much 
higher than the FSBR. No 
CGBR forecast was pub-' 
lished in this year’s Budget; 
but the Treasury has contm-- 
lied with its aggrcssnfer 
switching of local nuthqrjty 
borrowing out of foe tradk 
tional channels and into the : 
central government. 

The result is that m foe first, 
quarter of the financial year.- 
the PSBR was £L52?-miUiaa, 
but the CGBR was £6.436. 
miftion. The. gap naijr. close 
later, but as long as MO 
continues to be officially! 
preferred asa monetary mea- 
sure to sterling M3, the g at 
market must remain wary .of 
having to provide far more- 
net funding than it originally 


The author is chief economist 
at Citicorp Scrimgeottr 
Vickers Securities. 


Drastic action needed on interest rates 

Last week was foe sort that 
no one in his right nrind 
wanted for America. 

The dollar halted its down- 
ward move and showed signs 
of strengthening — It began 
and ended the week at 156 to 
the yen and 213-214 to. foe 
mark. Interest rates rose. The ; 
30-year US7M bond yield rose 
from 7.21 to 7.40. General 
Motors and Chrysler an- 
nounced substantial drops in 

AH these developments were 
anti-growth for the US. 

Real GNP for foe second 
quarter came in very low — 1 J 

per emit a year, as I bad 
forecast The outlook for the 
third quarter is bad, as much 
of foe strength of the second 
quarter, such as it was, 
stemmed from high anto sales 
stimnlated by incentives that 
are bound to lose thor effect — 
by continued high inventory 
accumulation— by hous- 
ing construction which is 
threatened by foe drop of 4J5 
per emit in starts. 

The nation is an the verge of 
a recession and drastic mea- 
sures are needed to cut interest 

Experience shows that since 

March, foe rapid descent of 
interest rates has ceased — foe 
30-year bond yield has fallen 
from 7 j 62 per cent to a still far 
too high 7.17 per cent The; 
markets want to pash interest 
rates down,' but they are 
frustrated fry a mulish Fed 
policy which keeps the federal 
finds rate, foe discount' rate 
and foe prime rate at levels 
which are IrflKng business 
investment and which will 
soon kill housing constrnctian 
and auto sales. 

Drastic action to ent interest 
rates is needed, accompanied 
by massive devaluation of the 

dollar. The balance of pay- 
ments deficit is foe biggest 
single drag on economic 
growth. Between foe first and 
second quarters it rose from 
$125 bfflion to $1463 bffljon. 

A cut in foe federal fronds 
rate to mder percestfrom 
its present 6 3 s per cent is foe 
sort of medicine needed to 
abort what could be turning 
rate a recession followed by a 
financial collapse. Unfortu- 
nately, the ninnies in foe Fed, 
bnreawrats aD, adhere strkfiy 
to foe policy of too mnch too 

Maxwell Newton 

• offered, soUorddivendaidte United States of America dr to nationals or na dem thereof. ■ 
These Preference Shares having been sold, this announcement appears as a matter of readrd only. 

JUNE 1986 

Newscorp Finance N. V. 

(Incorporated with limited liability in the Netherlands Antilles) 

200,000 Exchangeable Guaranteed Redeemable Preference Shares 
Available in the form of International Depositary Receipts 

Jointly and severally guaranteed on a subordinated basis by 

News International pic 

(Incorporated with limited liability in England) 

The News Corporation Limited 

(Incorporated with limited liability in the State of South AustraBa) 

Exchangeable for B Ordinary (Limited Voting) Shares of 

Reuters Holdings PLC 

(Incorporated with’ limited liability in England) 

Credit Suisse First Boston Limited 

Deutsche Bank Capital Markets Limited 

Banqne Nationale de Paris 

Citicorp Investment Bank Limited 
Morgan Grenfell & Co. Limited 

Nomura International Limited 

Swiss Bank Corporation International Limited 

, Cazenove & Co. 
EBCAmro Bank Limited 
Morgan Stanley International 
Union Bank of Switzerland (Securities) Limited 

ADen&Co. Baoca Commerdale Italians Bwca del Gottardo BancaNKtonate defl’Agrteottnra 

Banca Nationale del La voro BancadeHaSvbzeraltaliana ’ . Bank Urnni le fanw! (Swhzefomdj^ 

Bank Mees & Hope NV Bank J. Voutobd & Co. AG Baaque Gtofrafe do Luxembourg S. A. ' - • ' ■ 'BaaqueZ^dosowz 

Basque ScaadinveeaSaise Baring Brothers A Gx, Byerische Landrstanfc BerfinerBank ' • ■' i. 

Ltarttrt Gteazrairrfc ' 

CfflC CtarMaBank Commeretonfc Com|a^foBaiiqMetd*ImnestiM«n^CBI CrtdftCom^cWdlSnnce 
Oedttaatodt-Brakwrete Darier&Cie Pgg**** FtegrBrn* 

GeDomeaseh^U*dkeZenCraRmnk AG Clroraitnde nnd Bank der ^teTdchischq Sparks^ . HamIdsBai*NW(Ovetera.)itd 

BoareGovett KHder ’ Kredfc£h«*iv.V. 

Kuwait Foreign Trading Contorting & Investment Co. (S. A-K.) LarardFr^rtCfc LenSecur^ Me^ 
Mltsmllna^teroatioual Samnd Montego & Co. The Nfltlm Securities Co., lE^e) Ltd. Pictet International Ltf : 

Pferson, Hddring & Pierson N.V. N.M.Rofechpd&Sons Salomon Bwrtto Walntenwtkmaf 

Sbearson Lehman Brothers International SocfctfGfcrfrale MUrJnv SmnitomoRoaociS^m^l 

Tokai International . M.M. Wartetg^itekmami W»te*C6._ ■ Wmldtrt gdfeV ^ 

WestpBcBankmg Corporation , Wood Mackenzie A Co. ' : «l--o - - 


As the Chancellor found 
when he tried lo controT 
sterling M3 by over-fending 
the PSBR, policies of trying 
to push market foras too fer 
for too long usually break 
down under the weight ofthe- 
distoitiqns they produce. B 
seems ■ unwise* therefore; to 
assume that the authorities 
will spend the whole of this 
year pushing cash into the 
money markets and balance 

1 : 

IllVIlfaJ uuMnvw W oow; ■ 

ing this by under-funding the ; 

cgbr. . 

•’ ; .V. * 

Instead, foe most likely 
outcome is that the gilts 
market will indeed see the; 
balanced fending foe Chan-' 
crilor promised last auturatt: 
The only trouble is, now that 
MO is preferred to sterling M3 
in official circles, the authori- 
ties are likely to be trying to - 
fend around the CGBR rath- 
er than the FSBR. ’U<i. 



i. J 


^Pes p, 

Hech 1 ■■ TV an 

he iK nc ^lot , formed a 

UKR^f ^ tbeUnlls 

'SBr* _£>; ovJmNm over the : 

sh rna^^es nSJ These i 

00 [a? 61 W?*3 ifcesecon 

iun&.^stSj^oS successfu 

* : *nr i L he 'S hr $ ■ iwthcap 

^ , s Ihev ^tof,? in- mail 

spe^?* 1 toe h dfebutof' 

S ,he »hSSiS 

-lead tK • “* muni cat; 

title ‘ ic t mo« .., came to 

« J? - lha »TH 1985, spe 


yjsSSyfoi s 

£i! 5 *fis «S 


■is :s a rs&o«ed.p 



Fuzzy picture from TV services 

' TV ancillary services have 
lonned a distinctive sector ob 
the Unlisted Securities Market 
over the last two years. 

- These companies have 
the secondary market as a very 
successful vehicle for raising 
both capital and their profile 
in rhaiketidg. "This week, 
which has seen the successful 
debut oFTV-am despite a very 
soggy jriaricet, has also seen 
mews from several such com- 
panies' where the record is 
proving a little patchy. 

: • Spafax TV and Aspen Com- 
munications, which both 
came to die market in early 
1985, specialize in the produc- 
tion. of corporate videos for 
\ promotional, educational and 
information purposes. Aspen 
also has a print and cellular 
’ telecommunications division. 
Spafax initially enjoyed a good 
run after its flotation but the 
■recent . results for ' the six 
months' to March 1986 
rsfiowedpretax profits down to 

£203,000 (compared with 
£227.000). The company at- 
tributed the decline to fester 
spending on die core business 
of making corporate videos. 
Despite this setback, the com- 
pany has won a two-year 
contract to supply British 
Airways with its inflight video 

Aspen Communications 
last year made pretax profits 
of £1.1 million and expects 
interims this vear to be not 
less than £920,000, which 
suggests that the company 
might make £1.8 million for 
the full year. Profits for the 
combined group could reach 
£23 million. Aspen is offering 
30 shares for every 63 in 
Spafax which values Spafax at 
161 p per share. 

The sews from Viewplan, 
which reported results this 
week, was less encouraging. 
This company serializes in 
tbe hire of television equip- 
ment for a variety of corporate 

-• U7 * h ns 

■■5* of local ise 

I ?eri!n * Ml (A 
::>i* 6 Ullin 11 0r ’W* 

George Hodgu 

■. T.i'iv ■" . **£S 

ast rates 

W-r. The balaste af m. 
-nss deficit is da bn 
■S’* drag on team 

Ben> eea die find 
road quarters it ro» foe 
2? billion to SMUHh 
\ cut in the ft&nlM 
tc to under 4 U . perrate 
present tn per STB* 
n o? medicine kWb 
on »hat could be mi* 
u> a recession foMkt 
wncial collapse. L'rirt- 
the ninnies b dr W 
irejacrj;* all. adbmsnift 
i he policy of too nod > 

Maxwell Newla 

jiMa> : 


clients and also the hire of 
outside broadcast equipment 
to the TV companies. 

The market had been look- 
ing for pretax profits of £l 
million compared with 
£704.000 last year and had no 
preliminary warning of the 
actual results which showed a 
collapse to £367,000J The- 
decline was attributed chiefly 
to the cancellation of network 
football coverage and the ef- 
fects of severe weather in 
January and February which 
led to temporary over-capaci- 
ty in the outside broadcast 
market. The increased compe- 
tition led to heavy cancella- 
tion levels for Viewplan’s 

Despite these difficulties, 
the market for the business 
overall showed growth as 
turnover nearly doubled from 
£2.8 million to £5.1 million. 
The group made heavy capital 
commitments of £2.5 million. 
Unfortunately, investments in 
new businesses proved to be 

The outlook for this year is 
somewhat brighter with de- 
mand for outside broadcast 
equipment enjoying a healthy 
boost from the coincidental 
timing of the Royal Wedding 
and the Commonwealth 
Games. In addition, the group 
had a £300.000 contract to 
supply equipment for 

Scarred by its experiences in 
the last year, the group has 
now adopted the strategy of 
concentrating on its core busi- 
nesses of basic TV equipment 
hire, and, provided there is 
some recovery is margins, the 
group could see profits bade at 
£750,000 this year. The gear- 
ing remains a httle too high for 
comfort at 1 18 per cent, even 
for a hire company of this 
type, and it is unlikely that the 
share price will see much 
recovery in the short term. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the 
smaller companies unit, at 
Phillips & Drew. * 

STERLING spot and forward rates 


. NYork .M795>t.4910 
MQntml 2U520-2A703 
- Am*‘0ani3.584S-3.8037 
, BoitofU 85.83-66.64 
•(TphOMi 1 1.3557-1 2.0532 
Duttn 1X015-1.0801 
:■ RanWuit3.i842^204i 
’ Lisbon 21326-221 A* 
Madrid 20289-204.50 
‘Mtair- 21 80.04-220.01 
-Olio - 11.1281-11.1973 
PftriS - 10.2993-10.3530 
SOditm 10.4880-105492 
•Tokyo 233.92-233. - 
.Vtorina ; .22-40-2252 
Zurich 25687-25853 




I. 0747-15757 
80259 -20 3 59 

II. 1261-11.1447 


058-0. IBpttim 

1 VI 14 pram 



6-par jxoin 












13-14 It dig 

3-214 prorn 




Claanng Banks 10 
Finanra House 10 

Oiseoirt MmM 1mm % 

OwiWM Hah: 9% tow 9X 

week firacfc 105% 

Tramay BBe (Discount 
Bum S eBng 

2 mrafi 9% 2 mntn 9% 

3 mom 9% 3mmh 9» 

Prime Bonk BO* (Ofscoutf 

1 mnm 9 n *fl»u 2mnth 9%-9‘H 
3rentn 9V9*»JJ 


7 days BS5H 
3 mrrtfi 

6mmh 9 *31-9’ * 

StMine Index competed I <eWi 1876 was op it735(My^ neon 725-73.1). 


,1 . 



k; * ‘*fl t*" 

<s.v V 

..ilT .id 

. Aiuentinaausrar __ 

Bahrain (finer- 

Brazil cruzado ’ 

- Gpxve pound——. 
■ mend merit* — . 

Greece dreerime 

' Hong Kong oofiar 

' India rupee - 

. ireqdkiar 

, Kuwait (finer KO 

i Malaysia dofer 

, Mexico peso 

, *New Zeeland dolar 

F Saudi Arabia riyai 

. Singapore dofiar - 

. Scum Africa rand 

- UAEtfirham 

> nJoydsBarA 

t. cawpmy 

6730.000 A 8 M Go 1|-j 

4571.000 ATX SftlscOBI 30 

7.407.000 AUbcvcras 114 

'4800000 MHHMWI Sft M30 40 

. ■ Actn Sanfcw 

■ • sasw Acom Comp 40 

.'7D2J)00 too - 13 

"<250.000 Mam Usn 17 

. 11 3k td CM 200 

UK6P00 Anmo ■ 1<3 

- SuamAfcft 205 

■ tZte AnomSwuw* 130 

BJVT.OOO An»r 1D0 

7^SDOO apfMtOM ; • 1M 


.. lOtM.rabrty,: -.v.. 

• 2265 000-A3SCC ' • 33- 

,1 OAbASO ; . W3 

• B20SJXM auangE 93 eaa d ngu rt 

5.411.000 BPP 195 

4.186.000 BIS Grp 81 

ftBSO ODD BM ten Mam) 00 

13.9m Bamao l Rattan 22 . 

3.711.000 Bansoo* Gnsp* 50 

■ 125m Bmuwy a wy u: 

■■ ;w w6sa«r ^ 

2JMWM0 BIO HoCam lb 

2 .088000 BkmecMmca SS 

.&400500 Bipfli 42 

. ftJBatOO HmdmnM Wi 

— 12*» BMBH Tom 713 

69*n Bonsno 140 

- 3535.000 Bfff-rmker 20 

6.475 J300 Bnk« 125 

•. 6J89TOJ.BWH . 185 

> 19zm Ontsma Sec 115 

. 7.818.000 B> Oootwct 2 23 

. 9500000 Br Ipantf 55 

14 Jm Browowatt 303 

; 9.600000 Brown tCnartie) 160 

7J14500 »yam (Dan*> 300 

— Bufli Rasources 3 

• 3.I7J500 GCA Cttanes 77 

- 13Tm CML u«m 160 

r 1543.000 CPS Comp 6’. 

, 5525.000 CPU Como 31 

3300.000 Camomcn 
190m Cannon Strom mr 
79 <w CmUTB* TV 
155m Omncmr Secs 

CnacapcPo Emope 
119m CnabM Nan 
243000 Cnem Mmtxxte 
125«. Cnesntt W 

2580.000 C4ar 

4.746.000 Cnaenm 
115m CbiM Hoooor 

r 3548500 Cknau GoN 
114m CUf 04 Hops 
1 7/447500 Co* led QectroOW 
102m Cobra EmwaU 
100m Coioraan Inc 
. 9336.000 Como Rremcral 
. 2500.000 CompscTl 
103m COncutaaus 
2533500 Cons Tom m*S 
7 118500 Corel UoWBW 
7503500 Cmrtto 

123m cpm 

5508.000 Ctampnom 
4.000.000 CnmbrtnA 
6.936500 oanmm* 

4526500 Crown LO030 
8539000 OOMI M 
5532500 Ottts 
4529500 DM Teen 

11 In DDT 

1.032.000 DJ Sec Alarms 
109m Duron 

9968000 Owns fDYf 
4J88500 Dean 1 BowM 

1520500 08 Brw (Aixae) 
ttgm DeWer 

2461.000 Dttnar 
22im Oman 

1494500 Ovwnans Bee 
3598500 Ovmy WNren 
7/06500 DbWk 

272m OmcA 

3.76*500 Dumon 
4.122500 Eaarn _ 

14 On Etkng Bad Opncs 
2093500 Ecotmc 
367m Erin ftwo 
25S500 Edo Sees 

290m BOndg* POW A 
101m Becron House _ 
7540500 D aonomc Data P 
135m Enrm 

643500 Em»namne« Prod 
105m Em«u 
203m Fll 
209m n® GO 
4591500 T ead oa ca 
592*500 FergitSDO* 

187 5m Folds (Mm) 

5 .035.000 needier Dennys 

8.102.000 Rutacn 
346m nones 

7503500 Bops O* 

T.78ZJ3O0 Font S IMBton 

26.4m. French Com 1 

28ta FTwnoake 

: — 1-3522-1-3547 Ireland 

2.4631-2.4677 Smoapcre 

065900X630 Malum 

— 20.46-2069 Australia 

— 0-7320-0.7420 Canada 

— 7.5240-76640 Sweden 

204.70206 JO Norway 

— 11.6132-1 1.6219 Denmark 

— — 1856-18.75 Wtal Germany _ 
n/a Switzerland 

— 0.43000/4340 Hettieriands 

— 3^317-35375 Franca 

920970 Japan 

— 2507025200 Italy 

— 55646-6.6045 BekfiunXComm) . 

35517-35554 HwgKong 

3-796035190 Portugal 

— 5.4460-5.4860 SpwiZ 


auppttadby Bardajra Bank HOFEX am 

15856-1 3865 

2.1 875-2.1 885 


















Trade Bus (Discount %) 

Imnm 10' is 2 mnth 10* 

3 ninth 10* 8mun 10*** 

U Pertienk f%) 

Orarntgntopen 10 dose 11 
1 weak 109* 6mr«ti 9 is i«-9* 

1 ithwi 10-9* 9 mum 

3mnth 109* 12mm 9'«<s-9* 

7 days 4 ,, it-4*>e 
Smntfi 4V4* 
French Franc 
7 days 7W-71* 

3 mnth 7V7* 
Series Franc 
7 days 14K-14K 
3 mnm 5X-5 

7 days 04* 

3 mnm 4‘4«4 > 'ie 


i 6*110’ » 



i 4S-4X 
i 4*-45i 
i 7V7X 
i 7 , n-7*t* 

i 5X0* 
i 5'ie-4'*i* 
i 4*-4* 

I 4"*e-4 B *« 

Gold 534950-350.00 
Kruamrand* (per oomt 
S 3&503SO.OO (£23455-23625) 
Sovereigns' (newt 
S 63500450 (£5625-57.00 ) 

Local AamarityDepoeriar*) 

2 days 9* 7 days 9* 

1 mrrth 9V* 3 mnm 9* 

6 mntn S* 12mm 9* 

1 mnm 10K-10 
3 mnth 10% -10 
9 mnth iOK-10 

1 rrmm 9 ll u-6*ia 
6 mnth 9*-9* 


1 mnth 6506.45 
6 mnth 6508.45 

3 mnm 9* 
12mm 9* 


6 mnm 1054-10 
12 mm 109* 

3 mnth g’*»9 7 Hi 

12 mm 9"»0 »m 

3 ninth 6506.45 
12mm 650655 


Applets: £S435m afloted: ElOChi 

33a-£97.6i5% iacalva0 3% 

Last week: £97.595% received: £34% 
Avge ran; £95315% iaat wk £95826% 

Maxi week: £1 00m reptace £l0»n 

Fixed Rate Starting Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average ra l awwce rats lor 
interest period June 4, 1886 to 
Jujjf T, 1986 Inclusive; 9.824 per 

Pnca CtTgeGron Dlv 
M on am vu 
RoNywettpim % P/E 

£ Cawjony 

Pnca Cn'gaGraae flw 
loot on #* YU 
Feaiy weak pmee % 

E Cowry 

Pnca Cti'gs Grnas Dm 
M W * W 
Fnaay maa fc pome % 

-1 06 5 2 106 

21 * 3 ia* 

-2 16 12 162 

—4 -3.1 76 112 


-4 28 

-2 70 

-r .a 22 

-13 26 13 637 

1-2 77 66 .. 

-10 S3 93 146 

0 23 13 1A6 

44 1334 7 

86 63 70 
112 13 262 

. .. 82 

11.4 &S S3 

80 as 216 

1.4' 20 170 
71 36156 
560 63 97 
ft* 107 66 
06* 27 219 
. M 
60 l A- 24.4 

IB 43 105 
8*0 S3 163 
. SO 23 103 

1 1 55 106 
60 46 S3 

21b IB 1*7 
126 57 10.7 
SO 1.7 IS9 
36 23 234 
11 a 33 106 

34 4 4 114 
26 16158 

14 224 33 
• *9 

29 4 4 135 

36 23 18 J 
(79 54 123 
21 2B 135 

31 24212 

3 0 423 . 

52 21 263 
. • . . 22 
13 1.7 103 

33 21 215 

3.1 20 791 

10 1.7202 

71 442 516 
57 20 163 
37 38 126 

25 2.1 1TJ 

7.4 2.1 2SS 

21 35 159 

7 8 7 2 9.1 

26 35 149 
53 32 14 4 

13 1 1 143 


1.7 10 149 

21 24 70 

14 19 105 
43 25 2 12 
36 45 lBO 

23 69 9! 
23 22 131 

54 54 54 

107 118 61 
70 36 164 

5.6 13 2B 1 

03 1 4 162 

23 54 1«2 

31 22 243 

04 17 179 

86 35 146 

a . 600 
96 23 175 
4 6 33 18.7 

23 26 12.7 

14 1S6 AO 
7.1 45 115 

36 15243 

39 67 JOB 

17 ai 17 

35 43 170 



43 *3 113 
75 42 113 
27 2.7 165 

393n Rear Smtn 'A 855 

8J370GO Cubed 1*2 

e.4M0OO Gee i Cad) 96 

3 . 870000 Gu/riosen 41 

3.120.000 Gffioon Lycra 78 

7.729.000 Gees UM 140 

1170000 GdMVt Houtt 11 

1640.000 G BOW GP 46 

6030.000 Godww Worrsn 125 

ii3n Gooonooe Pm 122 

2.415.000 Gok4d (Ltiaarca) 110 

6020000 Granyta Sirtoca 63 

3796000 Growl |Emwm 119 

1500000 Greanaicn CiM X 

' 11 7m Groswmor Sa B5 

1215000 Guarnwy AOsnoc 180 

4000000 H8 Baa too 

6086000 Hanpdan H nw oc a ra 70 

195m HaitM 45 

6550000 Harvey 8 rnwop 175 

26 7- Hmttcck GWDpa 223 

4056.000 HaaNi Cara *2 

2792000 Heavcroe « 

4216000 Do A LV 390 

Kandarscn Prone 145 

9373000 egnflw 2io 

3200000 Hgmane Port 55 

1Q0n Hla EftJbnom 96 

2236000 KOMon 21 'j 

6099000 HoOBun 110 

4561000 HoKton hydrooiwl 119 

280m HotaN 8 Mvcnan BGO 

HOVnee Proteaun 128 

20&W Home rinjoent IBS 

27 Bm Do A' 176 

3B3n> Howard Group HD 

0086000 HugpeS food B 

1097000 Hixaono Bee 8*r 

213m Honor Septw 138 

- 17 3m HuWWi Teen 2® 

7566000 IkSTEfl 175 

2.720000 Wtee . . . 2- 

■ MOie mo Sea Eittgy ■ 98 

5012000 i m ra n w 81 

107m ttneuraaa Tech 215 

1350000 Waxen 5 

1.161 000 Do 7% 136 

iB6m brael 6i*c* L) 25 - 

7303.000 JSO Comp J4S 

3Sta JS Pribomgy 32S 

157m Jttun Van 173 

801 5000 Johraen 3 Jcrg 125 

11.6m Jonra&mai Panel 111 

4.725.000 Juw Rubcer M 

175m KLP 300 

9.120 000 He«(Jo»tt 78 

6 415000 Rsnfon Secs 2« 

4078000 Ki>M« Syoe-na 76 

n in Wart-Tekn* 75 

6074000 LPA mo 93 

5122000 IttBaw 60 

5321 D00 Lwoew Thqmeon 1M 
9.763.000 UHMire mv 42 

25 (be Lw-mor 105 

3535000 nope Cara 79 

lD9m Lfin 6 Oydewde 121 
100m Iflrfn E*OCI IBS 

WOOD LytanOw Pm 18. 

7.476000 M6 Coen 8 Cany BB 
4000000 MKT CDmp 2*0 

4079000 McUugren * Hot 123 
jS2ie MagneSe Hawmls 58 
1083000 Mammal . . .68 

13 im Maran (Bor»*s 161 
1.600000 Mwrn 16 

120* ktayiav Cay '» 

17 7m Mjrynewa Food# 131 
446m Meadow Farm 220 

5375000 MsLenviie 96 

1229000 Memorv Como 13 

160 34 1S1 

4 1 23201 

3.7 33 . . 

24 59 124 

50 64 143 

37 20 455 
.. ..550 

32 7.0 11 2 
31 25 17.8 

43 35 163 
SL 43 95 

30 40110 
43 4.1 120 

88b 91 7.6 

35 19 M0 

0.7 0.7 310 

31 30 113 
19 40 130 
Sib 35 21.7- 
40 29250 
1.1 29 1S7 . 

129 2*189 
123 32 153 

51 29 1X3 

29 30 154 

30 2.7 183 
60 51 154 
S7 10 412 

50b 27 113 
SOD 29 103 
60 19 200 

0.7 30 165 
O* *J 85 

36 25 150 

21 1.0 247 

22 10150 

39 175 21 


79 27 104 

. .. 27 

5014000 PCT 113 

8904000 Pacer Systems 200 

1 150000 Pacific ima 63 

6000.000 PwtwKi 156 

403a PwSMd Gp 540 

3564.000 Paul U Lee SO 

194m Pjnon 32 

151m Penny A pies 188 

319m Pope Group 138 

9.750000 Perm* 130 

2588000 PeiUne Ml 28 

Personal Comomer 

9990000 Peters (McnaaQ -141. _ 

1070000 Pesogan 17 

23*0200 Pieecwy (brio . X 

2.119.000 PO Pol • 25 - 

3032000 Pineapple 68 - 

2090000 RmiEveer - - .95 

i.ffi&OOO Ptaunec 36 

6079000 pmen ‘ .168 

30 4a Poryprp# 1»- 

108er PMymai K Mrv w 120 

10-Ovi n owertne •• • B 

B5M.000 Prtraprw 118 

1.548000 Property TM lOp 4'r 
003 000 Do BO 4't 

110nr auesM 251 

682 000 Remo tty -A- 31 

2457000 Radio Clyde .43 

loan Redos 105 

2064000 Ramce 0* 14 

4.118000 Remus 93 

3.710.000 Real Tune Comrtf 53 

1918000 Rttam Motor 22 

7022.000 Rn*n IDAS 17T 

1542000 Rode A Noon 75 

11 4m Rudde (G| 285 

M3n SAC 115 

• 104m Senoars Pfttd. 82 

3 614.000 Sxprwe Pm 17 

•Dora Ssva»i 123 

■■«n70OO arnis 143 

9003000 Scamrame 90 

489m SoM Hartmt* 170 

€026.000 Seaxiniiard IX 

3567.000 SeMClV 26 

170m SWMtt 325 

31 Om Srure Drug 6tt 345 

4.034.000 snetdon Jonas 78 

62 4m snermon Sac *6 

7080000 Sherwood Comp 20S 

104m Srasid UO 

12*0000 Sgrae. 50 

6076000 SW» Cawrtng 160 

9528000 Smerar <Vf&nj 200 

117m Stoat* Food 188 

558*900 smtfeone 160 

6919000 Snt»«don Bndge >06 

3000000 &xr«W*cfcl 38 

2* 6m smn Bus 158 

7093.000 SW FWscucaa 14 

5000000 Spec* Plewww too 

5824 000 Spbtw Tale 148 

3088000 Space* Aim 55 

3.115.000 Specs urn 27 

7.130000 Sjtf* 92 

1400.000 Soto* 68 

8 400 000 Sta-xaas MatN 1® 

4001.000 Sanefcd . 2069 

. 14 ftn Swrvng PwO 10O 

8978.000 Surtwi Eloci 30 V 

• 8750000 SuV»*nd IET) 65 

1010000 S— noon Pr Hoop 115 

■S5I20OO Syneiae Comp TB5 

•- IB. Dm T Assam 22S 

110m TDS OrcttB 170 

6/445000 TMD Apvifl T20 

460m T-V AM 141 

4589000 Tom. Foma no 

8650000 Toy Home* 123 

4591000 Tecs For Bin 113 

9286.000 Teen Comp 320 

8684000 TMcoaung 140 

lOSm TM Serv mt r38 

IS&a TDerm** 131 

S3 7m Therm SeamXie 2*3 

1002000 Thmpae 78 

3094.000 Tmsley (Gkzai 48 

9560000 Too tWAJj 138 

2. 1 19000 Tovragrade Sac *0 

B0510CO Trade Prumooon 1*2 

4J0m TrercTierwooO 4M 

7007000 Tnion 73 

11 9m Tyne Teee A' 2so 

1.832000 IM Carattc 75 

82ftm UM Friend* 5*5 

4980000 UHJ PWcejng 101 

5085000 usner (Frank) 85 

5061000 Vwwjxsn 55 

70® 000 Wayne Kan 75 

4513000 WMber Eiecvo 96 

2.641000 Walpec 15V 

104600a wosi Yorxaiwa bo 

S0O40OO wiBMom's Foods 53 

BO 0m WcMri 193 

1-418.000 Mbs SyM 0V 

2025000 WlAam |Ra») HMgs 22V 
15 im Wname 110 

127m woo 59 

7.144000 wm easier 157 

14.6m W» ol Learner 183 

140m Wyko X 

800000 Xy*fX 200* 

i55m Vamiwtunmar iso 

4796000 Vetvenon » 

.5008000 Yort Mntt .. • . 69 
5515000 Tort A EdlMy 56 

1.463000 DO BS CJ04 V 

1.100000 2T0ri Oynermca 22 

I Poiaanpia 
PWn hvasr 

17 7m Maynew* Foods 131 

446m Meaddw Farm 220 

15 9m MeeM Tocn MS 

5075000 WeLonvira 96 

1229000 MomonrComp « 

1331 000 Momc o m mi HUB* 26 
160m UmwiBr-5-Wn Mb 
11.6m Merrwlown Wna 355 
100m Metal SMeon 115 
1053000 MeW Saencrm 7\ 

12 0rn Mmsec 96 

S0230OO Mcnaal UcnnJ _73 

60im aa ero ta e 8*5 

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9 776000 Mterovdac 38 

6539000 MttJttl MOHS >73 

179m MMSummer Inns 365 

3990 000 Mias 33 190 

II im Mriword Brawn 185 

1705000 »*s WbrKl 190 

— Mneraos 18 

9996000 Moorgote Gp 1*8 

163m Monks 8 Crmnm t2i 

77 Ba Mmnype 152 

1000000 Money t RW 46 

4096000 Moras (Wrnam) 16 

2 850.000 Mots Advmtang 75 

9.606000- Murartn 1« 

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Do Avne t 

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9X000 DO 10V 865 

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4 850 000 Norton TO 

60MOOO Norscoi HotaN 120 

5220000 Ntn Saa 6 Gen 20 

2.490000 Oettto Inwec » 

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1&3m Owners Aoroad 32 

60 28202 
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Pnca Cnrga Gras* Djv 
lam on *< TO 


548m A4H 

* 384 5m> ARanca 

: 1033m Am«r Truer 

> 1952m Ang Amor Sac 

t 117 5m Anemic Assets 

I 898m Bonkers 

* 80 im Berry 

i SIX Im Br Assam 

9\2m Br Enoro Sac 
, 253 to Br im 

582m Brunner 
L 714m Cnmcmv Japan 

> 183m Derby Inc 

i 192m Do Cep 

■ 1082m Drayton Cm 

I 266m ttayron For East 

. 1690m Drayton Japan 

g 33 *m Dundee. Lon 

’ 799m ttm Airwr aims 

« 4008m Eriniurgti 

* 616m EMcinc Gw 

r 326m Engfcn M 

* 799m Engksn Sett 

k 2110m Eneoi 

; *99m F It Mem 

. 106 im F 6 C Pas*c 

i 6378006 Fast Chartooe 
b 1000m Hrai Sett «mer 
Fuel un Gen 

* 889m Fivwig Amenon 

r 32 Bn Ftonoig GU»> 

i 32 Om Reran Erarpnsa 

. 1B4A» Ftonmg Far Ean 

lSBm Flemmg Ftod^mg 
106 im FtoiMia Jap to 

* 227 to Oemaip Uenarw* 

» 181 to Bwtofl Owseas 

i 583m FtoNnfl Te*b 

l 83 7m Fttavg unwersal 

‘ 467 7m For -Co* 

, 65 -W* CSC CwxW 

* 4& j»d» ■ . 

■ 5J*n Goraral Furflj 

* 58 Bib Gannrm Cpns 

* 430m Gasgow SnA . 

» 551 0m GUbe 

4 111.8m Bo«eti WMt - 

; 1050m Gem Onoraal 

amL brawns- — 

106 -i 

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129 -3 

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77 7m Graentnar 
12 Jm Gresham House 
980m Hamtmm 
2785m H* (PI 
440m im ee i m Success 
1636m km Cap 
31Tm hwv 3 Sram 
3* Sm Japan Assam 
76lm Kfenmrt cnenm 
962m KMnwoR O SMS 
12JW Ktonwon SmaOir . 
525m Lew Dwemura 
92 to Lon Mand ie w Sac 

57 7n» Lon Trusr • - 
116 6m Merenonts 
150 to MorAs 

1256m Mwrav Income - 
1866m Murray n) 

824m Moray SraU 
381m Murray Ventura 
21 Im New COufl 
5001000 New Darien 04 
67 4m 1928 
25 0m Nwmrog Inc 83 
51 Bm New Tokyo 

58 Sm NBI AflonK Sac 
2,760000 Ntt SM Aiders 

1223m flflfm Aram 
813m Duemrii 
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— Do Wmra 
5 87« 000 Person* Assets 
1015m R*«bum 
77 7m Rwar 6 Mere 

385m Rwer P W 

ra - - - —m. 

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2259m SW Eftswn 
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367.9m Sett *»po . 

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1313m Sac W Scttteno 
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1 Thor^nttWn 282 

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1 US Deeentura 289 

1 Wong nurftti nT 34 

1 Wenpoel 58 

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22 35 *1 7 

33 31 451 

-3 4.6 2.* 550 

1510 43 383 


)to Amenon Express £41' 

!6m Braama Anew 139 

1.7m My MM £19 

I Dm Do A £18' 

lam EJectt 141 

L5m Eng Trua 122 

12m Ecco 2M 

Mm Emaasion 101 

>«rn Framtogtpn 750 

71m FiKJ Gp . 66 

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i«m Herderson Amaei 843 

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. - : • ms 1 

B-2 - 03 ( 

#■2 100 ( 

MENT CROUP: The directors 
announce the application for a 
USM quotation for the group’s 
ordinary shares. Joint sponsors. 
Guidehouse and Kncai and 
Attken and Co will offer 5.454 
million ordinary shares for sale 
at l lOp each. Applirtion lists 
, close at 1 0am on July 30. Share 
j dealing should start on August 
6. MDG is forecasting a 
£770.000 pretax profit for the 
year to March 3 1 I9S7. 

• BULLOUGH: Six months to 
April 30. Interim dividend 3.2p 
(2.7p), payable on ScpL 10. 

1 T ur novel- £54. 76 million 
(£49.49 million!. Pretax profit 
£6.15 million (£4.7 million). 
Earnings per share 10. 7p 
(8.45p). The board expects the 
secood-halPs profits to be ahead 
! of those for last year. 

Agreement has been reached for 
the acquisition of Upali (Malay- 
sia) from Kuril Enterprises for 
£525.000. payable in cash or 
shares. Upali is Malaysia’s sec- 
ond largest manufacturer, 
processor and supplier of indus- 
trial cocoa products and con- 
sumer chocolates. 

i • DERBY TRUST: Six months 
to June 30. Pretax revenue 
£736.000 (£654,000). Earnings 
per income share 4.2Sp (3.67p). 
interim dividend 4.25p (3.67p) 

: on income shares, payable on 
Aug 31. 

• MURRAY: Six months to April : 

30. No interim dividend (nil). : 
Turnover £3 S.37 million : 
(£34.53 million). Pretax profit 
£780.000 (£466,000). Earnings 
per share I. (p (0.3p). 

TRUST: Half-year to June 30. 
Interim dividend 2^p — a 10 
per cent increase — payable on 
Sept. 5. Pretax revenue 
£990,768 (£778,996). Earnings 
per deferred share 4.36p (3.40p). 
The board expects the' final 
dividend to-be-al least. the same 
as last year (6.5p). 

• JURYS HOTEL: Year to 
April 30. Pretax, profit Jr£ 1.85 
million (£1.73 million), against 
Ir£1.37 million. Turnover 
Ir£l5.97 million (It£l3.8! mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 10.6p 
(7.6p). Total dividend 3.5p, as 
stated in the ofier-for-sale 

• CT BOWRING: The com- 
pany, a subsidiary of Marsh & 
McLennan of the US. is report- ! 
ing for the first half of 1986. 
Pretax profit £36.9 million 
(£32.5 million). 

•-PERCY- BILTON; Agree- 
ment has been reached with 
Shamrock -Developments- of 
Poole, Dorset, to purchase 
'South Western House io 
.Southampton, which comprises 
over 8Q.000 of office space. 
The price of £2.75 million will 
be satisfied by the issue of 
9S0.800 ordinary shares, which 
have been placed with clients of 
Rowe and Pitman. 

• BTPs Desoto Inc of Des 
Plaines, Illinois, has bought a 50 
per cent interest in Dufay 
Titanine, BTPs industrial and 
aircraft-coating offshoot, for £4 
million in cash. Dufay is to be 
renamed Desoto Titanine. 



Clouds begin to clear 
on Third World debt 

Anyone wishing to inject gloom into a 
meeting of international economists, 
politicians or bankers over the past 
few years could introduce the Third 
Worid debt crisis into the conversa- 
tion with complete confidence. It has 
proved an enduring concept as 
succeeding economic shocks send 
different countries into the causalty 
unit — or back into it in Mexico's case. 
As of last week, however, gloom 
cannot be guaranteed. 

The quarterly report from the Bank 
for International Settlements seems 
promising. It reveals that inter- 
national banks cut their loans to 
developing countries by S8.4 billion in 
the first three months of 1 986. Of that, 
non-Opec countries lost $5.2 billion 
and Latin America alone, $2.7 billion 
of credit. Washington insiders mused 
that Mr James Baker, the US Treasury 
Secretary, might like his name 
dropped from last October’s plan for 
commercial banks to lend an extra 
$20 billion to selected countries. 

The BIS figures illustrate, however, 
how last things can change. When 
bankers were saying no, Mexico was 
reeling under the sudden fall in oil 
prices; Brazil was straggling to work 
out its destiny without a disapproving 
International Monetary Fund; Filipi- 
nos were having a revolution. 

Contrast this confusion with the 
backdrop to last week's events. Presi- 
dent Samey of Brazil took emergency 
measures in February that have cut 
monthly inflation from 14 to less than 
1 percent 

President Aquino, counter-coup be- 
hind her, has started a series of 
conferences to welcome foreign inves- 
tors back to the Philippines. Reports 
of negotiations in Manila last week 
suggest that the IMF will relax 
de man ds for austerity to help stimu- 
late a money economy that has shrunk 
by a tenth in two years. 

Mexico signed a pathbreaking deal 
with the IMF on Tuesday. Instead of 
ushering in more austerity, it offered 
-extra IMF-and World Bank money if 
the economy foiled to grow fast 
enough or oil prices fell further. 

' In each case, the really tough 
negotiations with commercial bankers 
are yet to start But Brazil and Mexico 
epitomize two new developments for 
debtors worldwide. In the brink- 
manship between creditors, prescrib- 
ing the medicine of austerity and 
debtors unwilling or unable to go on 
shrinking, debtors making real eco- 


nomic reforms are beginning to gain 
the upper hand. 

At the same time, the US has 
realized with ever-sharper clarity that 
it needs developing economies in 
Latin America to grow and is convert- 
ing the IMF to do the necessary. 

If the US is to sustain its own 
domestic growth while eliminating its 
budget deficit, it must export more 
and import less. Exports are sluggish. 
Austerity programmes in Latin Amer- 
ica cut US exports to those countries 
by almost 30 per cent and created a 
trade deficit with the region more 
embarrassing than that with Japan. 
Understandably, austerity is losing its 
moral claims; recycling is back in 

But will it work in quite the same 
way? Historically, the top economic 
nation had the surpluses to lend- 
When Opec broke the rules, the 
market recycled the funds through 
loans from international banks. 

Washington sees the surpluses of 
Japan and West Germany and their 
build-up of bank deposits as a similar, 
temporary aberration 

West German banks have closer 
links with industry. Ministers there 
want to reverse a decline in their 
investment in developing countries 
and are anxious to see the likes of 
Brazil and Mexico, with the funds to 
put up their share, in joint projects 
financed by West German banks. 

Japan's planners, ever taking the 
long view of history, note that Britain 
as economic top dog ran surpluses for 
a century and the US for 50 years, us- 
ing them to advance political in- 
fluence. If Japan's surpluses melt 
away by the early nineties, it will be by 
far the world’s biggest creditor. It 
wants more say at the World Bank in 
exchange for providing the money. 

Osaka pensioners have burnt their 
fingers on the dollar and Japan’s 
growing banks may no longer be so 
content to play second fiddle in 
international dollar loans. Tradition- 
ally concerned with relations in 
South-East Asia, Japan recently made 
a $100 million official loan to 
Argentina to finance capital goods 

Times are changing and the second 
phase of recycling, if and when it 
comes, is likely to prove more 
complex and disparate than the first. 

Graham Searjeant 

Financial Editor 

a Of CCC ELL U n T I I N C .i a Ql EEC EU U 
• F*L ED DC D 1 1 U t LiHC • ‘ tLCDDCJ // 

Telephone Rentals sign £65m deal 
for Plessev digital exchanges 

A six-year agreement for the 
siq>pty of Plessey telecom- 
DHmicatidits equipment — 
expected to be worth more than 
£65 million - has just been 
signed by Telephone Rentals pk 
and Plessey 

The agreement marks a 
further milestone for the two 
companies, whose business 
relationship spans 50 years. 


Mr lan Maclean, Chief Execu- 
tive of Plessey Network & 
Office Systems Limited, said, 
‘This newagreement continues 
the link between our com- 
panies, and demonstrates 
Telephone Rentals' confidence 
in Plessey. 

‘As Britain moves into the 
world of Integrated Services 
Digital Networks (ISDN), 
Plessey will continue to main- 
tain its position as Europe's 
leading supplier of digital 
private switching systems to 
the business community. This 
agreement will maintain Tele- 
phone Rentals in the forefront 
of this exciting new worid.’ 

Telephone Rentals Man- 
aging Director Mr P A feus’) 
Moore, said, ‘The Plessey 

I' lJC.m DATA 

The new Plessey Aircraft Inte- 
grated Monitoring System has 
been chosen by the Royal Air 
Force for its Tncano trainee 

The syston indndes crash- 
protected data and voice record- 
ing, real-time data processing rf 
fatigue life for engine and struc- 
ture, Emit exceedance detection 
and display and non-volatile 
storage of data. 

Other orders for Plessey 
[fight data systems indnde 
contracts to eqnqi the Harrier 
CSS and AV$B with Plessey 
engine monitoring. 

Total eiders for these two 
aircraft are expected to exceed 
450 systems. 



Ibb Madran (Plessey) teftsai Cos Moore (Telephone Rratab) ewarr signing (be 
agreemeu on TV-md’s ‘Money MaHws’ pngnaae, vilfcTV-a's Brian MiUra 

Burroughs and Plessey wfll 
jointly market and develop inte- 
grated voice and data comxmmi- 
cations and office automation 
systems, using Burroughs’ B25 
and XE509 ranges of work- 
stations and mini-computers 
and Plessey digital RVBX and 
packet switching systems. 

Apart from Plessey selling (be 
Burroughs B25 - for which 
orders worth over £1 milli on 
have already been booked - and 
XE520, the two companies wiH 
work together to design 
advanced integrated networks 
and to develop spedal software 
for new applications. 

advanced technology develop- 
ment and production capabili- 
ties and Telephone Rentals' 
strengths in UK-wide customer 
service and maintenance pro- 
vide a powerful combination 
of skills to meet the needs of 
the business communications 
systems markeL’ 

Telephone Rentals is the 
largest UK company dedicated 
solely to the supply, installation 
and maintenance of communi- 
cations systems of all types for 
business users. 

Plessey is one of the world’s 
leading manufacturers of digi- 
tal private switching systems, 
and the largest outside North 
America. In the last three years 
it has delivered over a million 
lines of digital RABX (Private 
Automatic Branch Exchange) 
systems throughout the world. 

RAF gets first 
Watchman display 

The first operational Plessey Watchman radar data processing and 
display system fora Royal Air Force airfield has been handed over on 
time try Plessey at RAF Wuldington. 

The RAF Waddington 
installation is the first of 
approximately 40 Watchman 
installations planned over the 
next few years. 

The Plessey display system 
- the most modem of its kind 
in the world - comprises a 
number of self-contained 
autonomous consoles each 
with its own dedicated data 

processor Setf»aorsW«dia«*B console. 

The display presents real- time primary radar data 


The height of high technology. 

Section ofaWndwa console, 
time primary radar data 
together with secondary radar 
plots with labels and generates 
and displays synthetic video 
maps. Each display contains 
the total system software, 
giving each console complete 
independence and providing 
extremely good feisoft 

characteristics for the system as 
a whole. 




Capitalization and week’s change 



llllllls IiKIi — A 1 i It 1 1 _ 

daily prize money stated, ir you are a 
winner follow the claim procedun? on ihe 
back of your card. You must always have 
your aid available when claiming. 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings begin today. Dealings end August 8. §Comango day August 1 L Settlement day August 18. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

to. CMqwny 


Uni Scientific 





Building. Roads 


win ii ■ ■ ' i Ml 1 |ES!!S1| 


Rothschild (J) Hkf 

Gkcson (MJ) 


Johnson MaHhey 

Industrials E-K 





Building. R rads 

Induariais E-K 

Bui Win R, Roads 

^* 1 

E 1 


m MiT" i'R TPl'IaUlM 


Ford Motor 


Dominion lot 



Building Roads 

Industrials S-Z 

Industrials A-D 

Industrials 5-Z 



Barlow Rand 


Saatchi & Saatchi 

Hanover Droce 

Caird (A) & Sons 

Eastern Prod 


Industrials A-D 





Industrials E-K 


Please be sore to take account 
of any minus signs 

4569m RonscNd U1 HM 126 *-ri 7.1 67 93 
B98 7«fte|Fi Bnh 01 Sax 316 -U 143 4£ 92 

lS3Sm ScrewJirc 18- 122 3.11U 

1 1706m Sana Crew 76? +8 66 Ob u 93 

B72n Ltartto 698 +5 626 75 703 

1.467 Bn WtBs Fargo £69'- ... 

24 0m wraust 286 .16 7.7 27 119 


i MetH-vans 325 

i Bass 7S6 

i B n uu n 60 

i BontfenoKOTS 125 

■ Brown (Manhew) 52S 

■ Burner IH P) 15S 

i B ui tonw cc d Brew 550 

i Cum (Matmew) 505 

l Davensn U A) 965 

I Cieena* wresey m 

i Gmene Kng no 

i Gwnness 313 

■ Ka>0rs a Hansons 614 

. Hsrhtsnd OrW 75 

i Invemorcon Dad 15S 

■ mw Dratl 343 

1 Maroon Tho mpso n 107 

1 Monand 244 

1 S A *53 

Scot & Hew 188 

1 Vaua 378 

1 wrutnread 'A 266 

1 Do B- 2GB 

1 urnttread in* 221 

1 wOMThnetn i □ 64] 

I Yeung A 270 

• 42 138 

-10 21.7 

• -1 1.3 

-4 46 

*+to mm 

410 70 

• 154 

-5 107 

.. 166 
-1 7.8 

-3 80 

• 43 *03 

• .. 2S0 

-* 23 

-1 68 


-1 13 

-3 9-1 


-5 10 0 

-7 164 

• -3 111 

• -5 11.1 

• . 106 

-5 117 

-5 10.4 


Weekly Dividend 




3&J9m An0b TV 'A' 

6221.000 Gnmmn 
4 45m HTV M/V 
585m LWT Nfdgs 
380m Scat TV -A 
56. 4m TVS NJV 

9.721.000 TSW 

250 «^3 119 56 13.1 

48 S3 6.0 63 

2*8 -2 IN S3 « 

343 -10 213 6 2 116 

330 -3 15.0 AS 108 

243 • .. 119 63 118 

45 .. 2.6 58 12-4 



156m Consols 4% 
727m Wart* 3' A, 

81m Can. 3’ % 

SBm Treed 
75m Consols 2'S 
129m Tinas 2'Ai 


i2i6» Trass a. 2s isas 
53lm Treaa L 2 s . 1990 
1192m Treu 0. 2*. 1996 
776m Treaa IL2 ' 2001 

713m TieaslL2.",3003 
1055m Tims IL 2*. 3006 
6S4m Traas IL2' "w 2009 
1065m Traas 112.** 2011 
(Cfei Traas IL2-.’b2013 
1159m Traas IL2' A. 2018 
940m Truss IL2'.% 2020 

43 -• 








27. -v 




21 *•. 



»■- •• - 






03 ■ - 1 












00 ■ 



V 6 



96 • 










IS 7.4 







81 .- 







7 4 


67 112 




4.9 65 




5-1 75 




• -U 


27 23.4 




91 398 




4 8 155 




52 .. 


• *1 





49 113 


*6 . 


01 . 




43 .. 


• -6 


36 11.0 




71 97 




35 111 


■ -?? 

103ii 46 93 




54 78 


*1 . 



3 7 202 




88 120 




3 8 105 



S60b 63 64 








67 M2 






53 53 




52 90 



c6 110 




30 119 






7 V 




• - 



340 •-& 

152 #-5 

1 18990m & Tatascim 

. 182 



IS 105 

1 87 0m Brown BOW Kant IDS 



42- 96 

3510090 .Bug" (AF) A 







98 52 

12652m CaNe S wnta 


• -45 


2 1 17.6 

81 7m Camondgs Elec 




50 1ZS 

45401 CAP GO 



1.1 . 

57.7m CMprvJs 



.. 105 

36 6m Do 7' •» CPF 



66 im Comcap 

100 7m Cray Elect 







07 IS 4 

513m Dwituam 


• -I6 



6.191 000 D» Pact 




103 202 

5? im Daosenr 


r -15 


06 .. 

1.152000 DitrtTO A' 




47 72 

435ra Domra 


• .. 


03 22.* 

34 .Hit DemCrt] 6 Mbs 




57 118 

55 An DuMer 


4 1 

369 9m Eleetrccamnowtnts 


• -18 


25 176 

1.544.000 Efecmnuc Madh 




1 S 583 

. 1460m Etectonc Rentals 


• ‘1 


90 14Z 

43.7m Emets Urpnang 

H 19 





isaan FamaU Elect 




4752m Ferranti 




za 18 8 

7.157.000 Porwtnl Tech 




50130m GEC 





7.790000 Orosmnor 


. _ 


7252000 Hatuand Beet 
365m (BL 



•3 : 


1 7 

43 103 

34 7.1 

388 An mi Svgnal 8 «r-nof228 



0* •. 

2Z*oi Jones Stroud- . 




15 Jm Kate 



17.1 1 

IS Im Lee Ralngarawm 




74 «7 

1005m i-ooca 

134 4m UK Efed 




• -8 

15 4 

4 3 131 

J6Jm Macro 4 




56 im Maims 



27 7m Mere BS 




13 6.7 

14 0m 1*00 Focus 



6.000 000 Muhttone Elea 



14 im Iboray Baa 


9.129.000 Newnsnt (Lous) 



2018m HE) 




4.639.009 Oc#o»CS 



1 1 

24B0m Oxford Insmxims S38 



14 Bm Pt*com 



*6 6m PhAOs Fin S 1 '". 



S 75 

45 .. 

2958 6m PhAps Lanas N/V 



5341 000 PFco 






A? 87 

1J69 5m PUss&y 






33 145 

10 4m Pressac 




3 740.000 Ouest Automaton 


9772m Racal Baa 


• -8 


25 158 

518m Roane* 




37 a* Scnofes IGH) 




32.1m SJuxTodc 


tS 2 !! 

48 0m Sound Drffuaon 

34 V 


884 0m STC 



555m Sum kai 


. +14 


33 ICLfl 

03 193 

92.1m 5vwjm Dasgnere 




168 Im THeohone RantMs 




8 854 ODD Tstememx 




5? 25 

956 im Them EMI 


• -I2 


57 167 

7.675000 Tnorpfc [FW) 



4J 7m TunscOl 




03 190 

159 0m UB 




Z6 2D7 

87 6m Ifrotach 



45 104 

74 5m UM Leasmg 

83 0m Uta Seenta 






11 60 

54 IZ7 

245 5m VG Insnuments 




38.5m Itom 




7 632000 Westam Sefectwn 



3J8eJMO wimwenh Bed 



363m WhotesM FKimg 



13 113 


i Atmgwoilh 
Amen Hume 
i Antofagasta 

Berkley Tarsi 
r CanMfla 

■ Eauxy 8 Gan 
l .cry £ Sane 

Mai Home Loans 
i Do e*» 



03 .. 



74 58 


275b 43 64 






23 395 



63 23.7 



43 189 

. -a 

- 55b 45 264 1 





28 Tm Eastern Pisa 368 
162m Eamti 193 

S2JSm BS 228 

4934.000 EBwtl 39 

23 5ra Bem 137 

1.7334m Bearafen (AE) B £W- 

16 ESiifl (Bl 97 

72Z2m BtObbi £23 - 

622 7m En^yi CH day 307 
730.8m Encason (LM1 B £22 
33.4m ETOma House 138 
3102m Euraoean Femes 139 
87.2m Do 5N Pi* *31 
86 Om E*erM 214 

536H1 Expamat Ini 174 

155 5m Enel 363 

132m Falcon 44 

5.732.000 FeeOax An Ins 31 

390m Former yfi) 127 

3330.000 We InOmar 60 

■ 4522m Foots 600 

13.7m Fdzwtaon 6? 

3306.000 Fiexeao caw iob 

9272000 FPWH 47 .' 

■ - 19 im Fogarty- 103 

T03m Poles Group N,V 35'. 
22Skn Fotttarnfl A Harvey 178 
5350000 French (Th0m»> 52 

37 Om GO Vs 103 

7918m GKN 327 

10 0m GR 305 

3832.000 Ganon Eng ID* 

598m Gesmner 12? 

132m Games 133 

7D68GmGfcn0 955 

337 An GiynwM 306 

166m Qomq Karr 3*0 

302m QranttMU* Httys 14S 

667 in Grsn«8a 274 

5350.000 GratatMU T. 

B. 486 000 Haem Pracxwn 84’. 

258m Hal Erm 182 

1103m Hal (Mf 143 

5014.000 KaMe 163 

1035m Havna 268 

95*8.000 Hamsson ma 39 

4 924 000 Hifwnex 20 

4349 Dm Hanson 17D 

304 7m Da B 1 - On £171 

1605m Do 5' Pt 108 

UW3m Do XT’. m a-. 

- 67 im Hargreavas 185 

8224 000 Hams 257 
*.0227m Hawkw ExMOtav 519 . 

1963m Haww. ID* 

6.400000 Ha> (Homwil .160 

- 3093m Hepwonn Caiamc 197 

- 51 Gm Hwtr 156 

2969.000 Hamn tSS BS 

1J08.000 Mqpgn* & jo 135 

486m nofis 3ros 2369 

41 6m Han uoro 92 

50 0m HccK m ions 245 

59 3m Howaen 96 

485m Huruing ASjaC 285 

21 Bin Hu rang GmuC 98 

1 372.0m Hulcnsn Wnamooa 264 

5205m UUI 163 harm 229 

8419 000 Jacksons Bourne 255 

421 5m Jareaw Mam 126'. 
612m Jonnson Cleaners 565 
2502m Jnrmson Mamay 186 
334m Johnsoi 8 FB 31‘. 
313m Johnticn 313 

153m jenas A Sftpnm >28 

■ i30m Jounwt iThomasl i07 

5 160.000 Kaumaioo - 28 

-.-350nt Katan- -- 30 

93!3.<K10 Kefsey fna 3ia 

7303 000 Kamaov ScnflM 120 
94 9m Kershaw (Al 273 

5.772.000 KlearvE-Ze 200 - 

■*3 143 53 67 

• -3 107 5312.6 

98 4 2 125 

-4’. 2.7 65 142 

-3 66n 45 13 7 

• -3 43 44236 

139 59 

—17 161 52 122 

90 04 . 

r -7 050 0 a 132 

-r-. 68 43 103 

-2 7.1 54 . 

-12 60 23116 

r-2 9 60 55 14 8 

• -10 M3 39 164 

-2 07 16978 

-3 2.1 66 SO 

-l 71 U 203 

59 83 17 4 

-10 79 13 26.7 

-3 19 13 •. . 

• ♦2 5 6 53 79 

-4 ' 06 13 56 

-9 bi 59 134 
-1 r.O 5 6 82 
-12 125 71 13.1 

-10 4.1 75 .. 

• -3 8.4 82 13.0 

-£0 171 52 110 

-5 100 13 &« 

59 48 78 

-14 21 17119 

-1 4.7 35 152 

-8 157 162S6 

-12 120 33 153 

-90 15 5 iOrrJ 

57 39 14£ 

-5 109 4.S 124 

-2’a 05 85 14 4 

•-. 26 31179 

-16 :20 66 86 
-6 8 4 45 109 

-a 143 78 1E2 

• -7 24 Q9 29 5 

-2 *8 45 94 

-3 a . 

• -2 5.73 3 4 Til 

-6 800 47 .. 

— 47 82 7 5 .. 

-1 . 1000 84 . 

• -9 79 A3 T29 

-3 132 6.1 123 

-12 20 7 40 1T4 

-12 2 7 27 80 

-*0_- 54 34 28.9 

-19 103 52 >65 
-7 51b 39 183 

' . 39 A6 7 5 

-2 .. a .. 262 


• -7 57 63 133 

•-13 107 4 4 8.7 

-3 56 65 79 

•-S 11.4 40 as 

•-7 66 68 7.4 

■*20 .... 
-11 75 43 136 

18 08 425 

-10 83 24 M3 


-6 293 53 154 

• *3 36 13 12-6 

-27 a . 158 

*3 107 34 123 

-4 . is 43 85 
-6 53 50 142 

-I 29e104 94 

1 7 5.7 20 T 
-9 114 3.7 ISO 

.. 20b 1.7 211 

-2 21 4 73 22.8 

860 43 133 


3.153.7m Grand Mai 370 -1* 13 5 

37 9m KSnnHy BmaKes 218 -7 Zl 

B958m Ladbroha 338 -10 181 

26.0m LOO Parti homb 520 -9 i« 

189 8m Mount Chartone 87 -1'# 20 

*0 7m Pnnea Oi W Hotels 87 -1 Zi 

1253m Oueens Meat 67V -4 23 

102 4m Savoy hotels 'A' 370 -3 5.0 

1455m StaMs 63 -2 13 

1.1863m Trustnouse Fane 152 -3 79 

-IV Z0 
-1 Z1 
-4 Z3 
-3 5.0 

-2 13 

-3 79 




2557000 LDH 




15 205 

1135m Leo 




31 24B 

191 5m Llnf 




18 95 

Z640.00U La-lex 


• -3 

36Q 55 69 

20 7m Lee (Anlar) 



43 95 

4 792000 Ulecars 


. 150 

2400 000 L AtsttM 




34 703 

a 130000 UireiKj 



47 61 

164m Uovd |FH1 




80 90 

7350000 Lacker (T) 


• -1V 


73 85 

50*oi Lon Mdand 




72 11 1 

2561 000 DC DM 



76 7m Urn 4 hum 


-4 V 


10.7 12.0 

2406m LOn MB 




35 155 

13 Jm Langren Ii>d 


• -18 


Z7 163, 

i2S t*i Low 4 Bonar 




32 139 

SI Tto ML Hdgs 

3 90 

-» • 

11.19 28 21.9 

25.1M MS Ml 

8445.000 MY HoUrgs 

48 7m Macvitiys mmtn 
417m Madartane 





07 ISO' 





17 181 

25 165 

5447.000 MactaBan (P5W) 




4.4 113 . 

129 0m McKecnnre 



143b 67 103 

6363.000 Magnots 



40 110 

26 6m Uanchasur She 




13 22.5 

10 0m Mangmse Btonee 63 
10.7m Mjr—to n 





65 74 
32 86 

5400300 Marshall iLontoy) 




45 87 

14 im Mawreib Un« 



AO 175 

5H3m Meed Boa 


• -75 


AO 96 

29 im Mmal Ctasur&i 




75 20.7 

265m McWrB> 




4.0 135 

579m Mtctreu Cons 



102 61 

184ai Muctxja Scmeni 


• -« 


A9 11.4 

50ta MaMre 




65 90 

230 5m Morgan OuoWe 




4 7 14 4 

4.552000 Neepstsna 


-1 V 


03 17J 

45 to IMP fj) 




65 60 

45 «m Newman tods 




31 545 

66.1m Ne-man Tcx*b 


• -1 


B9 12 4 

9.047.000 nock 6 Lend 




05 415 

9375300 Norton 



1 A 

10 51.7 

2985m Horcrtjs 


• -IS 


85 115 




5.4 9.1 

28.1m Parear KnoU A 




17 14 7 

*8 7m Pare Place 



25 27.9 

6512300 Psxron JT 



20 7m P-E tod 



990 7m Pearson 




Z8 163 

1 716.000 Pm* 


.. 452 

159m fWiass 


9 On 

73 166 

191 to Papar-Hetmstoy 


28 if 

45 132 

357 3m Ranpana «no 



0.3 2Z4 

7Q5m PhOKkMe 




06 31.1 

858 Bm PWongttm 


• -23 


45 107 

4.276.000 Plasw Coratlr 




53 133 

160 im Pomes 



144m Porter Chadtutt 




05 .. 

169 9m Pow* Duflryn 

3* 2m Piast-mi Htopa 



• -14 


21 7 

61 194 

1355m Pnrrsrenj Sere 


• -5 


11 336 

1399m RHP 



35 135 

1.972000 Haount Maial 




25 .. 

977 6m Rank On 




45 171 

J5 7m Hansomc Suns 




43 134 

5 897.000 Rattiis i& Bndoa) 126 



29 46 

1.192.1m Ro0mi A Coman 




23 174 

123m Radfeam Glass 


• -15 


1 4 12 1 

34 to Reed ExACuuva 



13 14.9 

1 1ST 4m Reed int 


• -55 1 - 


33 131 

19 to RMfon 



39 135 

49 An Ranofd 


• +fl 


35 95 

9265 000 Restmor 



83 139 

1 564 7m neuters 




63 37.8 

J.SI2000 Rexmone 



21 Sm Rtcaroa Enfl 




1300 000 Richard (Laics) 



43 95 

4.719 000 Richardson Wes 



. 163 

24-to Ropwreon Re® 




2a8m Ra&nson (Thomas} 325 



• 109m RocfcwirB 

45 ' 


8826000 Rooner 




89 93 

18701 Do A' 




75 &2 

1386000 RotKWOTi 



215m Rumen (A) 


• . 


24 34.6 









• -6 


• -8 
















• -9 


• -15 






• -7 



£34 - 

- - 















• -25 




© Tm»i» Mmwm Lindted 



Qaims required for • 
+42 points . 

riohngnts should ring Q25+S32? 


169m TntMh 
2633m Ttfoer t Ncwtf 
33 Tka CJK0 
i03m Umcrovd 
26551m Uhw 
4297. im uruever «VJ 
73 im Van 
3903m VrSmrs 
9G34.0QO veer ROMS 
288m Vnce 

3.4860m Vtftswagan 
326m WSL 
117m wane Pmmnas 
466m wagon Me 
SStflm WaiartonJQU« 

b=5 7a 

51 im 

1525 4m 
' 5849 
6> 1m 

6.42S eoo 
10 ;m 

Man r James) 
w<Hms Httss 

WJa Go ' 


Wato a 6 Rm 

Vcrc JH| 

e-A 25 
-22 ld7b 
S 77 
-4 IS 
- . SS2 

-fl 73 ' 
4 136 


-10 £3 

■ -i 1 . .. 


-6 A4 : 

1Z1 : 

-4 15 

-5 51 : 

-2 MJ 
-6 4i : 
-6 39 

-7'. . . 

.. 43 I 

79 i 

410 35 

-8 73 i 

»-s . ee ! 

-7 93 - 

-35 171 : 

. - ae ' 

a-12. is Ob : 
39 : 


-4 ■■■ ZB ■ ! 

1-6 . 25a ■ 

-s A7 : 



•wav Life 
Afev S Alar 
Am Gw 

Can umon 
Eauay 6 Law 

Gtn Acoocn 

Heath C E 
Has flotwaon 
Legal 6 Gen 
Larjon a Man 
Lon Uici b*» 

Marsh 6 McUo 
Mmct - • 

nrcaemai - 

ST- ■ 

Seagwck Gp 
Saswan Wr son 
Smrga Wtfgs 
Sun Almnce 
Sun Ue 

rise moenmf y 

was Facer 

-8 99 

- . 100 

* : aao 

.10 83 

-23 428 
-6 189 

-19 93 


-17 31.4 

-30 41.1 

-10 349 
-1 137 

.15 117 

-8 85 

. -3 24 to 

M-ST- 220 
It -15 1Z9 


-32. 37.1 

-11-' 196 -. 
-6 368 ' 

*T3‘ 157’ 
-3 157 

-5 10 On 

-17 25.® 
-25 339 
-5 49 

45 1Z5 



636^000 Barr 6 WA A 134 

62783ac Bacaay 8 Hewtas 180 

■ssan Bmtwatai 167 

3953020 Car-ron 48 

an ’m Cfevubs 187 

1233m Fiftr Lasts* . 380 

225m OT A 52 V 

B4S SK KfKtMger tanks 65 
£6 3m HramTroat 1*3 

£52fe> Ira Lastar C8 - 

E.43S9QG JuLana's Mdgs- 39 

HE 3m Lee- tad 161 

35K :C0 uednwvar . M2 

226 4m FUSafema .' 3«s.. 

- 4i 2o.Rarty UseW - TO.-, 

7.460.00 Gaktf Ussure ‘ 47 

252a Sa> Ittdm 140 

S: Jm Samueaon & 2*0 . 

8335000 Tcneanam Hcnaour 69 - 

11.2a Zmea 172 

(09 75 MLS 
. . .24.0 

79 47 *Z9 

14 30 123 

80 4 3 tZl 
95 Z4 195 

.. 4AI 
. .. 425 

63 56 5.4 
7 II' 50116 
43 119 152 
.. .. 

-79o-5 3 35 . 
■raz K 13. r: 
_■ »T - A3JS.A: 
.. .280 
&6 47 11.9 
67* 83 125 . 
61 . 35 1A7 

l**". n* 

ff: 1 - 

i* 9 .' 

A" . . 



-m* ;3- 



sf* . 
._b -rd 


tA 5 



137m Zan*» Copper 
4557.000 Zanooan 

485 132 . 


ssrisr . .■ 


- 545-314 

155 27 3 .. 

.43 85 85 


675 SZ1 .. 


230 155 .. 

+1 V 

171 105 .. 


35 23 . . 


IZ0 105 .. 


175 212 .. 


11 48 .. 

. . e . .. 


17 105 - 

is* n-:h 






I A5AOC Br Paris 261 
i Br Commenwe a Bi 256 
i Cafedonta 233 

i Fisher (James) 72 
1 Gra“? -520 

i Jacobs M0 73 

I Lyle 7V 

I Ma*say Docks 34 
1 Ocean Tianspon 219 
1 P 6 O Dip 483 

1 Rumman (WHerj 145 

Tamooh 325 

1 Tumaua Scon 375 

-24 71' 27iii3 

--M 7.1 MM 

1-7 71 - 30 409 

-6 2?r 
a ?- 

-« -J3-.S* 

*12 7.1 A3 223 

■fi 53 -18 £> 
* 129. 3* 5231 


- i5Sm Fit - 395 • 

14 Bm Owner Boom 15* 

1.T56.TOO Haadtam Sons - - 43 

loan Lamoert Howann IBS 

ZIMOOOHewooW'a-fiuitai 76 

J2ft* wiam 1O6 

4 Hsher iso - 

428m Stylo 223 

textiles . 







5*4m Assoc Bock 






aiJftir Assoc Newspaper 


• -S 




4 111 000 E-irck IAAC1 


. +5 


273m Broto( 






4?3m Cckua (Wm) 





• 74 9m Do A .. 




14 0 

1233m EMAP A 





18.0m Haynes Pusrewg 






6 000500 Home Cduotm 






687m irffleewidsi! 





1571 5m M Thereon 






517 Sm News memuianai 




2260m Ocaous 






14 0m PoHsmoun Eudd 

• +3 



21 0 

462a Timmy inn 






•37. Ore UnJ Newneoera 







5.324 0m BAT ■: 

386.7m Rottnans g 


I Hfc. 1 1MES MUMDAt JUL1 26 mo 



Faculty of Arts 

Degrees awarded by Southampton University 

Baron: N D 

-? i *•* 

Cnat & womit 
Archaeology and Geography 

SSI £*£ 

Archaeology and History 

Ehw * (bftr mi l s Ohm l a onus 
Archaeology and Latin 
cw a (Dta or j a CasmHm* 

•8&Sf%frOTj _ 

BiayN B BFWl kJutrat C » Brawn; F 
J(a™. C A dm-. M J Cufllngfor d: 
R J Domino: J & Dorand. n j n 
E/nlay: A C Ford: C M Canunir. H C 
Gazrtw: B E Ctlchnst: J I M 
Cunnawm: D E Howell: A R Lowry: 
H PS Motion: SR Orphan: P Paros: J 
R Reeve: A M Samt: A P Spicer 
“»• * <W»„ A J aura. Q 
CgwUhen. H E Clark. S M COdy. D C 
Ursucr. JR. Carton: D A Gilson: R F 

•'« 5 1 • -a, ’ SS J ffl* *1; K Karamurou 

4 1 '*? 2’ is Tf ” * S A woum 

-- * 1 rwkh 

C ’ 5, 

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r .'*■ 

. . -.1 


I, ■»; ^ 

• 'I; 

■; ; s:- 

' ii ? 

__-J 2 (WvireHM Ashworth: s J A 
Wffi gTW Gnowhurst j m Derail; F 
A Mtenm inc M q SarouetK R S 

CttutF c Knox-PMMes 

Vrotth tod German 

» * (Dta Qs C M Edenborough: S J 

Turner: A WatJdnson 
CtkU IS J O Smith 

French and Italian 

- (Stan 2 8>ta fcM OKsnath F J 

Freacfand Linguistics 
-Class 2 (Dir I); AD Pugh 
Class 2 (Div ID: P S Dimery; J R 
Lever. J C Tyler 

m u oaf Mow 

ana t OR* Os J H Wood 

French with Portuguese 

ana t A Camacho 

French and Spanish 
Oaaa 2 (Ob DiKN CoMtny: F E 
-Mailin'. KJ Mumcane: R A WtUtaim: 
g Wood 

dm I (Ur QiKCD Brawnlow: T 
Croak: L Fasnitnza: P Johns: L E 
Martin: MEO Peters: M M Schenk: C 
S A Smith: C M Stanley; E A Wallen 


.Frendiiritli Spanish 

Ctan ts F G TFott 

tea 2 rpt* ri:N(n 

cun 2 (DU II): A M 

Ctan OMR wrnmott 
Ctan 2 (Ur D: R A Berry man : I D 
Ones; N R Cray: K w Shall: j Webb 
zSn* 2 CDtv H>: C EBavllsK ft A 
Buckmaswr: C L amorfl: 
Harrison: J E HWwm: SJ’“ 

J Mum: F M unday: J N 1 



Rotten E E 

Axxmr. O p 
B i am o n. F S 

. _ A Ptnneoar: J 

t A M Taylor: T A WehO 

il (DU M): S C Guy: Kim 

a M Mitchell: E E Nunan: S A 
os 3: L Mindy: C J Riley 

GnuiMrith Freadi 
German and Spanish 

Ctan 2 (DU ■): P J Morton: B Facul 

HeHenk and Roman Studies . 
cans 2 <pu IQs Y K Gunbte 


Archaeology (SS) 

Oaaa * ©** Or RL CUchrtat: H M 
Grundy; D A Jeonin»s; J A Larapnai: 
F I O Lynch: V H Ridgeway: A E 

Clna 2 (Mr IQ: J E Dinfc SR 
McCuoden: jCMwtamr j p Walker. 

AidwMlofj/HMory (E3Q) 

Ctan u C R w H^sab. 
dan 2 (Mr Q: C M Rets. 

Computer Sciences (SS) 

Ctan 2 (Mr IQs W J Boyer. 

Economic Hist (M) Ednc (S) 

Oaaa 2 (Dry Q: j- HunL 

Economic History 

SS iVb N Cwtb; K M 

Johnson; jP J Morris: K Starting. 

Ecowkibcs (SS) 

. Brockman; J c Bromliow: AN Bruce: 
DW&wVh.rovvr- MTR (UK P 
E\aJ>s; A j C FatJhatm. O " 7 
Farmer: S R Fcrrtt; MOUVbM A 

w Twice; N J Wallace: DAWOIMK- 
dm USD Bowen A K Ford; Joh 
savage; P A Stevenson. 

Ecooomks/Econ Hist (EQ) 

Ctan 2 (Mr Qs C M Davison; H C 


Ecooomics/EcoBOiBetncs (EQ) 

can 2 SR S>s i M l b!*Jey?*‘ 

EcomKsks/Potltks (EQ) 

— - 2 (DU Os N A MaoSHrftf: S F 

“* HU -JQ: M S Shea: A R 


- Ecotaomics/Sociology (EQ) 

ClMa 2 (DU IQs A Kirk: P K SwlfL 

Economics/Statisfics (EQ) 

EE ’i 1 dF%Tc*d 

Swf‘t 0 CB»* 10= A j Riche na. 

English (M) Art (S) 

Cton 2 tom Q: M L Brown: A D 

English (M) Education (S) 

^ 1 J Fan non: C .E 

Eurwood: M A James: S 

English (M) Phltosopby (S) 

Ctaaa 2 (Mr Qs_C A F rancoK^DR 
Moooans JA K Ruddock: N A Wetoz: 

£Zi788*;ip: R F ASH: J £ Morgan. 

English (M) Politics (S) 

Ctan 2 (Dtv Qs A C Gun*. 

English (SS) . . 

CUBS 1; SCtCnrtjtfe; K A 5 P 

gS ** G Buda * ry: p 


- i? L K Bedford: R M 

JEngUsh and French 

K A Lowthlan: L 

English and History 

M JUddy; A C Prler 
): 8 £ Anmoel; E J 

En^ish' and' Music 

Ctaaa 2 Opt* Qs KL MWen PPPNri- 
Maa 2 (Dhr B):JS Reed 

Eagfish and Phnosophy 
oaaa 2 qu pi L. a Bendek s v 

gp ej: P_R Dowr^v; j S Keelon 
« m 2 qn* <Qt S a Lees: R J 

En^lsh and Theology 
Qass 2 (Div II): D E Tory 

F Ron™.,.: R c WUiho: 

g*? ^ 

A N V Stocks 

History and Sociology 
S??r«U < § h M , &U3; F J 

yPl CTPUf . C M rural 

Ctan 2 (DM II): A E Rooson 

History and Theology 
Class 2 (Div I): S Palk 
Iberian and Latin American 

Ctan 2 (Dtv Q: M D C Santamarta 
Modern History and Politics 
and Economics or Philosophy nr 
Quantitative Methods 

Oau 2 (Dhr QSJ A Ace; K L a ran: M 
J Bussell; J NCtameron; R J Futier: I G 
HarlwrtaM: SClMry; T G S HtMan: 
A R Htinofirys: m A Pun: L K- 

raMWw d b 

8S^«^^ h>, * a 

Sw» 3s d w a sartma 


gaw2^^qLEhsworni: G P O H 

mass -2 N R Amaid: C 

Gardiner: J Qoodfellow: G R 
Crrensmlih; S J Hampshire: P Honey: 

F MacShmy: J sUffah. A M Terry: G 
S Thor bum; j C Woodward 
ttauev Htne: J DSagc D R CrtBy 


1 * SM ^rdlncr; 

I iphr _Qs_M L Hodun 
i(W» ii): R J fool M J Stevens 
L C Clayton: A N Dobel 
M P Dodd 

Philosophy and Politics 
Cte2 (Dkr Qs T Y Madetey: A 
OmJ (Dhr IQ* C J W Big BK M A 

SSST'j Bmnney 
Philosophy and Sociology 

Ctaaa 2 (Mr (Q= K M Shanahan 
Philosophy and Theology 
Clan 1 nan; C j vain 
Ctan 2 (Mr IQ=J K Bailey: FDorey: V 


Ctan 2 <ptv IfcJM Lotfhagen: M C F 

Love-day: S P Marlow 

CUI 2 (Dhr Hf. M A WaUdn 

Spanish with French 
Ctan 2 CMr IQ: c s Wlntonr 

SpaaMt with Portuguese 

Ctan I: M Harrh; L W Ww 

Chemistry and Biochemistry 
Ctan 2 <OHf O/Cfw 2 (Mr Qs B C 

Chemistry and Mathematics 

Ctan 1 /Clan ti p R A in tin; A J 
Drown: T C Bunn. 

Ctan t retail a mhr Q: I P Buchan. 
2 tphr DitMj tDt* IQ: M K 
rd King: P R Davfe. 


Clan is C W Ellwood: J R Gramnur: 
n s Holmes: S r Jackson. D M Smith. 
Ctan 2 (Dta I): j s Amon; R S 
Aikimon: D M Collelt: N CotUm: N P 
Coward: P J ConneUy; H D EBert: S P 
Enoch: P N Hampden- G A Mint: S J 
Holdship: R S Hutlon. t» D 
MrOcrmoH: S M Morrison: Jo 
Moseley. R C Sesvrtl: N O Slanlev: R 
A Stephen*: K M Tuck: ADS 
waikuis* G Wong 

Ctan 2 (On m= S J Arnett: F S Chiu: 
C Cook: A J Co* Head. C S GW: I D 
drov: J S Hilliard: C M Hodges: R K 

Jat-Kson: C E A JotuvMon: B M 

Kronane: G M Lam: C Middleton, i A 
Potter: M A Rtdur. T Tlkare: J P 
Trent hard. O Umr THE Walker; D 

Ctan 3: J J M Clarke: O P Outfield: 1 
Dunne. A M dies: M K Kimmins. M J 
Munn: K Runaie; J M O Wallace. 

Chemistry with Biochemistry 

Ctan 2 (Dtv tits C Dodd: S c 
Gam lik-ton. 

Chemistry with Biology 

Ctan 2 (Dkr IQ. B Sharma. 

Chemistry with Computer 

Ctan 2 (Dhr I): S P Brown: S A 


raw 2 (Of* IQr j M Dunne: t R ftrr. 
Ctan A C DM John. 

Chemistry with Geology 

Ctan 2 (Dtv IQr B J Mystt. 

Chemistry with Mathematics 

Ctan ts J A Baldwin. 

013X1 2 (Ota J:TJ Home. 

Clan 2 (Dhr 0): G P Ford. 

Environmental Sciences 
Clan 2 (Dtv Q: s Basal: d j Bird: M J 
P Cofteil: J M Hazcfl: C J Herring: s 
L Northnr; H PearocK: A N Pelrson 
Hub: D I Rbpou: A M Snetson: IS p 
wright. _ 

Ctan 2 (Dhr H): W J Dovrte: J £ Hollis: 
A J Howe: E G Kenworthy: D p 
Psttlrtsoru E J Rosser: S Stevenson: M 
siuruird. j m Taylor: M J Tyson. 
Claw k P A Munson. 

A scrota*: C E Tandy. 


Ctan ts S D N Graham. 

Ctan 2 (Dtv Qs a A P Barker: J A 
r. A N F ‘ - 

Eton *CC Hanssen. 

Pan J P R R wingad. 

Physiology and Biochemistry 
with Nutrition 

Ctaaa? (DM l):JDHaH:VCHuni.CJ 

Le MavJre 

Clan 2 (Dh> 11)1 s J GnKon 

Physiology with Kochemistry 

Ons 2 Qta ns e J W Lowe 
Ctan 2: S A M Docker. 

Physiology with Nutrition 
ctan 2 (Dhr l)i j R Hick*. 
Physiology with Pharmacology: 

dot R K J bump: N a Jones. 
Ctan 2 (Dtv Qi P A CnodWKk: M 
Crauiord. K E CoodOan: C A Ulely; J 
D Mcfniyre; J McNKOI: J B Murray. N 
J Oakes: s F Phclns. J N Terry: P J 

Clan ? <P*v (Q: M A Baldwin: K A 
FrtllMI.B A BuMtOT A L Connell: O 


Clan 2 (Dhr Q: a J Cook J J Evans: F 

Sina? (Dhr it): h l Bradnen-: DCP 
Hed9n: P N JaCkSOK J B Nlcol. 

Psychology with Physiology 
Oaaa 2 (Dtv I): □ M Colnlon: S C 

Ctan 2 (Dhr H): M R Grogan. 


Ctan 3; n K Sianden. 

BSc: P M W Deeley: J Falser: A 
HuichrvMi: A C D Rarklry: p sum 

Faculty of Engineering A Ap- 
plied Science 

BSc with the Diploma of 

Aeronautics and Astronautics 

l 2 (Dtv I): N K Prrvctt 

Ctan 2 (Ow IQ: C M Bailey: J C F Hal- 

Civil Engineering 

Ctan 1: J C Thorne 
Clan 2 (Dtv l); D B MrCawbnd: J M 
Plumps: J r Roberts: W J ThKknes 
Ctan 2 (Dhr IQ: M S Proctor 

Electronic Engineering 

Clan li l K Appleton: J R Bain: J w 


Clan 2 (Dtv Q: a P Jacobs: L P Straw 
Oaaa 1 (Dhr A): P w Gray: p j Haile 

Engineering Acoustics and 

I Bennett: SJ Brocklebank: 
- \ Edwards. M J 

Faculty of Science 


Ctan 2 (Dtv Q: P C BuU: M S Bufcdn: 
D A Bums rad: O J Day: M J King: P 
M smith. 

Ctan 3: F Tes/asdassJc: C S A 

Biodianistry with Chemistry 

Clan 1: P R Kemp. 

Ctan 2 (Dtv IQ: M P MUctwn. 

Biochemistry with 


Clan 2 CD hr Q: N J Mallard. 

Ctan 2 (Div m: B Arvln: K Coleman: L 

J Keaieo. GCMacgregon BCPatrt: T 

Biochemistry with Physiology 

Ctan t: 1 M Taylor. 

Ctan 2 (Ow Q: R C PowetL 


ten 1 : J R A RMiards. 
ten 2 (Dtv Q:jr Brown: P J Curie 
S C Clifford: S J Gnwcher R A ExeU: 
A E Farley: H J Gibbs: P H Groves: M 
M Guy: D c Hay: C m Huichlngs: T R 
Jones: J M Kemp: A Macwhtoney: L J 

j T^ w s r^d. j j R 5 

Sw^ffltv BXS Burrfdge: C S Cafder: 
J ctuivers: J N R Coopw; A E 
Cradodr. K F Dickinson: S EFtjwte: N 
W aesler: R C How: K Hormone: S 
M Jenntaou: A-M Lawrence: L H 
Morris: K E MutvehlD: T C Nfc*: M. D 
E Owcn-TJ Passmore: K J Pike: J K 
PQkingt on: K A Richards; K A SneO: D 
J Stevens: M J Stewart: R A wuford. 
Ctan 3: R H A Ptckens: R G FemodL 
T J 

Barker. ... 

a s Chllver: E a . _ 

Friend: L J Coklbero: C A harvey: A 
C Pipping: J M Powell: K J SungUHon; 
P J Styles: N M TTodd. 

Ctan 2 CDtv IQ: S T Blnham: M C 
Caiger: E A Chapman: A A L Codrier: 
K M Humpnrmr J Umm: M L Newell: 
G J Oliver: J B Wallers: N Waterman: 
W j WrttM. 

Ctaaa 3s E S Greene. 

Pans S J Warner. 


ten 1: G Jones: D C Proud love. 
Clan 2 (Dhr Q: J H Clarke: G Dodd: E 
J Gonzaku-Orduna: R A KnieftU PCS 
Owsanka: C J Pape: P J Van Der 
Linden: N J Woodward, 
ten 2 (DM «! S P Altwrtl: U R 
Bash ford: M H Bennell: D B De 
Hautevtlle BelL J A J Francis: B D 
Graham: R J Hawling: I N Hrasman: 
L A Knight: K R Moss: W G Nevin: FE 
Pollard: S G Woo&ier. 

Ctan 3: D C J De Bred: J B Partridge. 

Geophysical Sciences 

i: C 8 Beard: B M Fox 
2 (Dhr 0: M C Ashford: R S 
Burton: M P Deamaley: P C Harrison: 
A L Harvey: C F Heynex B V HUlier: 
M Kumar j Lean: 1 J Walters. 

CUM 2 (Dhr d): J M E Bel ion: R M 
Caws: C J S Child: R P Christian: T P 
Damron: J K Fnar: S Fullelovr: C D 
Holman: J N Laverrombc: M R A 

B88V« D j , R3ff ! J H wa “° n 

Pass: M A Forte*. 


Ctan I: D P Bwh: R A Cotton: J 81 J 
Harding; GT Maker: S J New: S C Y 

§£u 2 (DtvT): 1 mT A ratboon: R M 
S Blndra: M A Bracks! our: R N 
Bradley: M J Brown: G P Homewood: 

1 R Hunt: J Ledden: R J Ledger: S A 
Mortimer. J 1 Moss: T L Oakley: A C 
Ofeen: S J Penry; M W Roberts: O C 
Smith: MG Wilkinson, 
ten 2 (Dtv H): a M Barney: P R 
Corns: P V Constable: M J Dtaon: a J 
Frost: N J Cycr: I J Johnson: S J 
Kendrick: J K Leonard: R C Myers: G 
H Page: B J Peacock: R D Perrin: B E 
Robbins: T I Smith: J Ward: A R 
walklns: P J Wilson. 

CM* 3AP Darby: C J Spanoud aW . 
P J Tearie. 

Physks with Chemistry 
; 2 (Dhr Ik T G 2 
; 2 (Mr IQ: P W 

Physics with Electronics 

Ctas* 2 (pt» Qs S J Keen: M S 

j 2 (Dhr Q: J P Hamilton: NAJ 

Lk-vln -Eleven 

Mechanical Engineering 

Gas* it T Drury 

CUU 2 (Dhf I); M M Colyer: H K HuL 

P A Lee: C-S Tone 

Ctau 2 (Dhr II): M CIMUi: C C G 


Ship Sctence 

Ctan li Gwynne Dudley Welford 

I rwK 

2 ffly Q: A K Theobald 
2 (DM |Q: ^ S Barkley 

Ctan HOP 01 pus: C D Drewer B A 
Evans: G J Page 

D Bateman: M D 

-. CP k'ndlon: I 

Eagar. CP KraJlon; C A Marshall: D R 
PKkT M D Rimarcw. EJM Shanklin: 
A P Snuih- D B Taylor: C F To 
Ctan 2 (Ota N): N l Allman; R 
Andrew: W-K Au-Yeung: R S I 
Cockbum: J M cousin: P D Findlay. 
M Fisher M Kim: B W Made Jt 
Martin: p a Rowlands: A Slater: A 
Sued; J D R Ward 
Ctasi X 1 Dollery: R D Eytev R S 
Knight: K Samaratunga 

Civil Engineering 

ten l: aw Graham: S J Joocs 
tei* 2 (Dhr Q: M F J tens-. T D 
Gram: w h Kendall: R J Musorove: C 
M Page: A T PoteL J H Scott: H TC 
So: M Warren: G Whitehead: KLJ 
Wong; S N H WrMM: C Y Vip 
Ctan? (Dhr If): E J Alien: GAM Beal: 
D R Cham on: S R Copmn; M I 
Orach neil: J C M Curry. K F Dae C R 
Dulakc: P T Kempner: K-W Lee: G A 
Nasnoul: S B N led rum: M J Palmer: 
P A Roberts: D P Slockdale; M R 
wuklrtv T C Wong 
Ctan 2SCH Cheng: C-KMak C P 

Electrical Engineering 
Ctan US! Borrer: R T OilkL M J 
Hail: N c Morrissey: F W To 
Gan 2 (Dtv I): R A Angus: K H Chan: 
C A Coles: N A Huroohrcy: M H Lam: 
P L Lewln: F D C Malletf: R mardanl: 
G M Pilcher: W J M Scott, c D 
Teverson: J R van Der Post; c w 

□ass 2 (Dhr U): D De C Aldrich Blake: 
j D Cawack: K-C K Chow: a J 
McIntosh Duncan: S J HoDoway; S Y 
Lam: A D Morton B B PataC N £ 

Rir — * 

Rod cm D C Rover- NJM Spmce: C J 
Tyo I D IMIlunM 
Stan t-U Gunmen. M L JarrrR. D J 
Jrwviun" R D JLtgq DJA Laraur P 
D In-. D J L Mac hay. G I Tlinecotl. K 
A TiuKlail 

Engineering Acoustics and 


ten 1: AC Rartum: E J Sebgrr Smith 
teu 9 (Dtv Q: p J Braoev S J Carter: 
DA K Hewlett: T S Hind; P A White 
ten 2 (DM H)i P J Ashford: k a 
C amiibcr*: p j R Cot l. burn, c m 
E dolivjlbn: A P Kaufman: A M 
Lockwood: J P Peka. S P M Tutor. S 
P s Tsoi 

Gas* tBLW Apple! 00 : R C Roge r : A 
P Smith 

Mechanical Engineering 

tea* I: a R Cannrtl: R A Slim 
Ctau 2 (Orv I): T J Booth: A N Carry: 
j p Carv; P Cordon. D M E Crocker: 
A Dorset: N a Humphreys: s c Kirk: 
C C r Lou. H C Moms. R M 8 NIUch: 
T J Powell. K Romm: S M Sapslord: H 
S Soarkm. R A S Stuart. A C R 
Tavner: N D Taslor 
Gas* 2 (Dm# U)i 1 D Burton: A J Fm: A 
P Ho U u rid. R j Lrtier I J Morgan; J A 
Nath. G C R OUtv S J PeskeU; N J 
Sc honor p G Wheeler: D P Wtn- 
rttasicr: JOB Wood; T J Yale* 
Ctau X S J Reed 

Ship Science 

Class U T A FogeOwrg Jensen: D 

Gas* 2 (Dhr I): B L BurUnqham: A R 
Hamilton: C J Harvey. M A Hilts: S C 
io. P M A McClwauie 
CUM 2 (Oh# II): J Bock wood: S D T 
knight: te P Sender. R L William* 
cast 3; I S Bruce: D S Contain I M 

MeuOen: M D Smith 

BSc in the Social Sciences 
Accounting and Economics 

Ctas* 2 (Oh# I): L B Bussed: R M 
By nor: H J Dautxmey. P A Foreman; 
R E Harbert A P Ktmbell: J W Lusty: 
S k Malone: A D Maxwell 
Gass 2 (Dm H): J Bakhda: K M Batts*: 
T J Bradley: CRN Coooer. A C R 
Go) I on. 1 C Outsell. G St F Hatton; A 
Hat well: A M Hylton: P Loufdibru R 
Parkinson: D Prince: S R»: R A 
Smith: P D J Vickery: SKY Wong 
tess 31 A D BeckrtL N T GrtfUtbs 

Accounting and Law 

Class 2 (Dhr Q: G P AUdns: w B 

Comer: J 5 Holland: J MaKlmeol 

Gass 2 (Dhr N)= A K Capp: R W Field: 

G P Lilley 

Pass R W M Jonc* 

Accounting and Statistics 

am ? air me v lair 

Ctau 2 (Dtv fl): c M H Lau: S O 

MCNkTOtas: S Palhak: J T K Tong 


PUS S O Wan 

Business Economics and 

1: J R Boswan 

2 (Dhr I): P A Benyon: S G 
Bronnigan: 1 R Cooper: S R Cottrell; T 
Oeasy: M J Draper: L Gould: S J 
Hodgson: N J Hughe*: A J Und*ay: A 
G May son: R Muter. S A Rhode*. P A 
Rlngrose. A J Roberta: A J Sambrook: 
P DSawey: A Udale: P A vodden: S 

Gan 2 (Dta IQ: R D Cran: P E 
Cummings: H C C Forbes: R S 
Grtmwood: & P Hammett: M S-L 
Kwok: t Uoyd: D J Mayes. P J Meyer: 
D G Moore: W A Morkel: P D Turner: 
S J Weare; J C While: M R Whllefieid 
Gass X E M U Oiul: F hazard: G A 


Ctan 2 (Dta Qt S M Chasten-. L 
Contain: T Davis: A FlUls: J R 
Hammond: A P Hartley; J I Heard: R 
A Knight; c Murdoch. J J NmioUs; S 
Roy-Cnowdhury: G A Rmgyv- S A 
RmseU: R K Sharp. P D Temp) (Hon: R 
C Thomas: A J Waflon 
ten 2 (Dhr II): M A Braun: M S 
Gilson: R Hunter E M Jones: M 
potycarpou: S Savic. W Schodeld 

Econondcs (Ecological Option) 

Ctas* RAJ Barks: P A Chadwick 

Economics and Business 

ten 2 (Dta Q: A Asonotv n C Baker: 
M J Boyle: N Bradshaw: E A HunL J 
N Lambert: S R Mackenzie: M E 
MacLeod: R C PI rider: K A Zanoouks 
Gan 7 (Div IQ: K O Crowtand: J R 
Day: P T ElUol: A J Hicks: A S 
Johnson: S McLeod. R J Menyean R 
M Nrron: G A Palfrey: G R W Scott: I 
D Smith: M A SpeUamn 
Clan 2NS Maricwtck 

Economics and Economic 

Ctaaa > (Dhr tys D R B Jones: L 

Gan 2 (Dhr QEJ ArchbokL S J 
Hayman: J I Marsh: L F Ramsey: N 

Economics and Politics 

Ctan 2 (Dhr Q: A D Britton: Y D 
Dawes: Dp Drartove: D p Hoiyrr 
2 rpw ID: j C Carpenter A P 
Gilbert: C E Hastings: I R MacKetth 

Clm I: J C J Saunn 

CIS** 2 (Dhr Q: G A* mr. C A Condv: R 
D Dswvjii. M J Fsunijipr, p a 

Hitvgm. J V Lane- L T Sutton. I A 

Ctau 1 (Dhr 0): D Durrani: j P 
Moloney: M Owen. S C Quinn 

Politics and Law 

as i ss i& s c c A < s^ rtwki 

Politics and Sociology 

Cuss 2 (Dhr O: M r Cardona.- ft H 

Sul Z (Dhr IQ: K D Jewell: K M 
Lawrence: Y B Marsh 


Gass 2 (Dta Q: M E Barker K 
Blackwell: L D Fuller M Kaniulu 8 B 
Otfens: K J Rigby: S L Tobin: J M 
Walker M N wood 
Gas* 2 (Dta IT): E. Ashton: E A Bebb. D 
Atali F A Clarke: CJ W Dover; B 
M Glassl L Herman. CF w Hoar: L C 
Hone: S Huroimrey*: C A Lankettef: 
A Nlcnous. D A , Phillips: K E 

JSSTTh Ataanawi: it McLooghlin: 
E RafadMOu 

Psychology and Sociology 

Ctass 2 (Dta n: P Dav-ey 
Class 2 (Dta B>: A L Sander* 

Public and Social 


Class 2 (Dta B)i B L C Cheung 


Class 2 (Ota Q: P term: L A Hun: A D 
Lark urn: L M SUmnon* 

Class 7 (Dta IQ: L A Arnold: A M 
BaUeraby: M L Bloom: J EhcVinidi: A 
E Gould: C D Guvatt: M J Hockin. S R 
Manb. M £- RKfsdUl Smith: S A 

Bachelor of Science 
Computer Smdies 
ten is M j Hasimg. G j Utile. _ 
Ons 2 (Dta Q; C H Burrow*; A G 

§5f , 5 a rbta lQ: T R U 'Easia: M K LSL 
ten x c P Chatienon: C H u. 

__ — »: M O Carter S R Galpin. I R 
Cm man: □ j Cl lion: T D Hawke*: S T 
Machim C A Rlgpy: S A Stiver: H J 

A C 

Sociology and Social 

Gass 2 (Dta Q: C M Smyth 
teu 2 (Dta IQ: J M Dodson: L C Hale; 
T A Lowe: V C Powell: A Turner 

Sociology and Social Admin- 
istration (Health Can Option) 
Gan 2 (Dta I): S M Van Orton 
Ctau 2 (Dhr IQ: S-A FYoude J E 
Turner C A Venn 
Ctau 3 : M P Edwards 

Facnlty of Law 
Bachelor of Laws 
Ctau is j s Harm: J M Roberts: J P 
Symood* T R vos. 

2 (Dta Q: G P Beauchamp: A A 
M Blnns. S E BoMon. N P Byford: J A 
Crtpos: S J Dawes: SKA Dromgoolr: 
L C Eaoien: M D Evans: R D Evans: E 
Eyre. S A French: J Warring: on: S J 
Hams: S A Hamsor. S L Humphrey*: 
M N Jone*: P A Krtbr. M N Kondai 1 
M Lakin: D H Markham: M P 
McCarthy: A Miller: A A 

Ondawakar fl M Painter R J Parry: 
R J Pavne: L T PWRWU: APtaC fl 
PXKKL S G PiaKhke*. A J SeOan A J 
Siewart; F C M »ewart: S J Thomas: 
ASM T*e: M J Turner C J Wales: J 
M WgntK. p M Whire: K A WBllams. 
Gass j (Dta tQ; D C Barker-. W D C 
Biggs: A T Bowens: G a Cole: P R 
Couey: K P Connolly: M J Cordner: S 
W Daniel: D P Danow: A D K De 
Ferrar*. L F Dlichbum: C R Doet; J A 
Edge; J D Ckiund: S J Evans: D E 
Fallon: J M Garrett.- S Geraanudts; I 
A dll: S A Granville: V j Hagan: N F 
Harmon: F J Hawkins: S M Hawtey: 
G R head; N A H 00 kin*: J A 
Humphries: S A JonnHon: M C Jolly: 
C A Tones: JAP Kellam: R M Kiddell 
Monroe: A M Lei per; J A Levy: M A L 
Log*aon: S W Lovell: SR Marchant R 
I McCreery: S M McDonald: G A C 
Milh: a Min thane: A I Mohammed: S 
R Motts: V M H Murphy: O P 
Mwgrave: G M Oguntade: I R 
Ouimsn: T D Pullen: K p Reeves: CE 
R or kali; P R SaHronS N Sander*. P 
F Smith: R O smith: D m Solomon: L 
L Tan: J M Thurman. J P Tktvium. T 
R E Wheadon. S P Young Kong. 
Class IT J Burt: C J Peter*. ^ 
Pass G Mavley: L m Srurte*-: R T G 
Touart Watkins- D K S T*e. 

Faculty of Medicine 
Bachelor of Medicine 

„ 2 (Dta Q: M D Araseletn: T P 

Bauey: A j Barren, j Browning: C 
Byde: a P Clarke: M L Dackombe: K S 
Ford: S R Humphrey: C A James: A D 
KaMert: G B Kendoo: J D King: P F 
MarchanL A K MUler. N A Moore: M 
G Mauler: R S NotHkJ a Rending: K 
A Rurharclson: M Robion- P G 
9rv«u: H S Stevenson: H N Trevor. 
Gan 2 (Dta D]:GL Allen: L M Brown: 
K A Cartmet: I A Chalmers: S W Cnu: 
A H Dane M R Field: a A Jenkins: M 
A king: E Kofttke: H D Moody: P T 
Obrien: N Punter: M Red l ern: J M 
Rees: P H Riches: M C Soashett: A J 
Suuwrtaitd: M S Thomas: M A 

ss mr* BeeversJi ■ OUtav. S J 
Dixon. M S Groom: A J Hartley: J M 
MucheU: K Moseley: D Nanklvefl; M T 
Phillip* Williams. C D Rowe: N R 
Samefe: D J WheaUey Price. 

Pass D M Higham: a T Mclachlan. 

Mathematical Studies 


Ctau X P Borebam: C G Hal den: M D 
Hathaway: K C Tang: A E Wells. 

Mathematics with Actuarial 

Stan 2 SR 

M alley, p c Parker. 

Ctan s R J C Bradford. 

Mathematics with Cbesnistry 
teu 2 (Dta II).- B j Tee. 
Mathematics with Computer 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: R JJ Barton; T Cbaxter: 

Start 'l^CDta «S: S*S CoiNshaw. S J 
JVtann: P T NOlan: O J Tyler: N Van 
Der SHUT*. 

Mathematics with Electronics 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: J R A ADwrighl: M C 
Matthew*: B J Penn. 

Mathematics with Operational 

Clau 2 (Dta IQ: A K Sparko. 

Mathematics with Physics 

ten 1: a W Hughe*, 
teu 2 (Dta U)i M S Darling. 

Gan Is J J Wheeler. 

Mathematics with Statistics: 

§S I SiS fc AvV%5km. 

Board for Collegiate Studies 
Dorset Institute of Higher 


Biology mth Chemistry 

Biok^y with Oceanography 
GW 2 (Dta tap J Gaskin: D T 
Haydon: > L Salmon: H E Tornky*. 
teu 2 (Dta IQ: S L Hantaan: I A 

Itau' 3; L J Ryan. 


Ctau 2 (Dta ID: C G MmsW. 

Physks with Mathematics 

2 (Dta IQs D K Saundenon. 

* N a egg. 


Ctau 2 (Dta Q:| R BagnaD 

Physiology and Biochemistry 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: G S Brown: S A 
Carpenter; M L a Crawford; C T C 
Finn: P B Graven: p a Hendrick: s J 
Hodges: L K MardougaU: H A Maine: 
B J Passmore: G M W RkkelL S J 

Um 2 (Dta IQ: M J AUen: HBennem 
c A Corcoran: P T mordan: M 
Sergeant: H A Svenuon. 

auvu. 1 #• wruwn 
R Andenon; L M 
: Cytera: S R Day: T 
»: R J Gammack: D 

McGhee: D 

MR C M Easier: T R GagoUuooe: S 

Electronic Engineering 

Ctau 1: N K Bartletr. A P Doe: A M 

Hall: S Heath; S P Strutt: T A Watson 

Ctan 2 (Div n: p R ' -* 

Chlang: I Coates: CC 

J Fry: A K Gambles; 

R Greenwood: D J Harris: M J HUlen: 
W J Hobson: B I McNally; B MUward: 
T D G Sandford: SO Sldnner: J 
Tumuty: S p r Wilkinson: D J G 
w imams 

Ctan 2 (Dta IQ: H Al Mahrouo: A M W 

SJEkV ■S'SFC. 5 

Dobson; E A Dowck; P R Febyrr. A E 
Gcorglou: A J M Gibb: K AHilkM H 
Jones: C D Long: P M McHugh: S 
Mehta: I P Mogto:_ P Pa rsons: E 
pmokoptdes; D P Plummer: A S 

s l parr; t m Economics and Sociology 

Ctau 2 (Dta D:MHJ FrauklUu R D 
8us r 2 to (DW QRJ Kemp 

Economics mid Statistics 

Clau 2 (Dta n: N J Atkinson: H R 

S wkins: K M Greer 
u 2 (Ota a): S C Kftt 


Ctau 2 (Dta I): J T Broom 
Ctau 2 (Dta fi>: C D Parish: A N 
Roberts: JE H Shrewd: L M Simmons: 
C J Wehlord 

Politics and Economic History 

Ctau 2 (Dta *): M D Jones: A Taggart 

Politics and International 

__ J C AKolado: M E 

AlLbon: R L Bailey. 

Pus t J AdamK w M Adams P J 
Bagnall: A J Ball: F j Barter: j e 
B erry. S K Birch; J I Bmsoo: I D 
Bonrui: M T Brown: R C Brown: L A 
Chambers: W W M Chan: J Cllasun: S 
A Clarke; J dements: I P CotUn*: S P 
Cox: M M A Crimp: K F Croooi: A E 
Cume: C J Dawkins: A Dtba: N 
Dogra--C Dunford: M J Eaton: N A 
Dey; S L Eiwood: R j Foster: N H 
Fowler: C A Gibb: R S GUI: R C 
Ombrett; R P Griffin: C C Griffllh: S 
: J H O Hancock: C L Harding: 

E A Hockney: B K Hooper: .. 
Hurley : L D Jacobson; M A James: M 
T Jamil: S A Johnson: C M Keasu O A 
Khan: R S Khattar: S P Kidman: M H 
King: C Klein: G K H Kona. S Lalng: A 
Leach: D J Lee: I J S Lev ML m C 
Lomer J P Marshall: M S Martin: P C 
McEteny. R J E McPMnrn: a J 
Meadows; A Mooney: R E Moreton; S 
R E Morgan: T Morgan: A S Nagra: V 
E J Noakes: F H Nye. S P J O'Connor: 
P A Owen: C A Palmer: j C Partin; S 
E Parker: S J Parry: K S Penry -Jones: 
M J Phillips: M J PUston: S M 
Ptmenta: A D Pugsley: M M Ravafc B 
A Ravers: J R Rochester: O J Rook*: 
G G Ross: E M Sanders: E L Severn: A 
J Shearman: S J Sherwood: ■ F M 
Sind all: A Stnha; M A Smith: MJF 
SohUnU J R D Stephen*: s Storey: A J 
Talbot: D R Taylor: K S Taylor: V 
Thaaar: S M Thomas: S L Thompson: 
c C Toner: P R TrevaU; g S UpoaL J 
C Vincent: S K vm SAP Want D J 
Warwick: L H Wee: A C WlHlamK D 
Williams: T C A Wood. 

Bachelor of Ncrsing 

Pus wtth Hens: K M Bradley: I Hewer. 
Pass c L Cook: P M Eves: A 8 Grttftn: 
C J Jaoues: S M Tone*; MR Longtey 
S F PoUtnglor. G D Tizard. 

Facnlty of Mathematical 

2 (Dta l>: J L Besalem: S M 

Brown. K S Burt M P Munns: B A 
OMhant: J S P Runtn: K G Smith, 
teu 7 (Dta IQ: P J Chirqwin: NJDa- 
*•«; H □ Davison; J P Half: M C 
Hams: D Hume: J M Hindus; E P L 
Joyce: J A Klee: R G Middleton: S H 
Paguano: R A Penny; R J Pnichara: B 
MSuJL J C Tatem; K P Williams: C M 
Wllllr. L WUIsher. 

BEd Ordinary Course 

Pass: K A S Frid; E Gainey. W 
D Parker 

La Sainte Union College of 
Higher Education 

BEd with Hons 

2nd ctau (Dta Q: N A Feam: A C 
Hainan: M J Mlnmack: CCSamikow; 
C s winen. 

2nd ctau (Dta IQ: J A Ace: J S 
Ashman: DM Barry: K J Benton: D K 
Blgnell: M R Black: D W Bryan: D R 
Bryne: T J Cartand; J W Cockram: J 
L Dunkeovey: C M FoxweU: M h 
Cieeson: C J Hamblen: V C LooghUrtB: 
A M McNulty. A M Monteverde: W E 
Moore; A JC MuBane: G P Non: E J 
Pall in: S A PhUbrook; M L Puao: N 
Sami: L M Smith: M Stancvmbe: K M 
Tatam: N M Taylor D M H Thorpe: J 
M wakeham: M L Williams: F A 

3rd ctau: » A BarnadK C J Unite M T 
Moore: C A Nunan. 

Pan: C A Jenkins 

BEd Ordinary Course 
Pass: 1 C Baker: D F Clements: MPM 
B Corker: J B Hyde: C Jarvis S L 
MorranL K M Pearson: E S Pond: J M 
Solly: A H WQklnK J Wilson, 
teal: P O LrwH: B A Stone. 
ra»M 2 JC Adler: J Anderson: F E 
Brown: M E Fowler? C F GalL J E 
Howard: D K Huxley; H F Janda: G J 
Lj^e F B TajdSrt DJA WhUd: C 
While: G G W Young. 

Pan: I J Mdcatfe: a J P Movie. 
Pau srUh Dtsdnattam a Castle. 

Pace G BrakeweU: B Brombtey: J R 
Chi pa- A J Finch; L Hatuitt: A W J 
Hyde: R A Manning: A D Marshall: D 
J E Norman: 8 V Petty: H PKnialeiiL 
D RMdlBe: G A Smim: J Stott. 

BEd In-Service Coarse 

ten Is MG Wlteon-Voke. 

teu 2 (Dkl I): D R DockrelL M C 

Evans: R C Mills: N J C Phillips: M A 

Ctau 2 Wta ttyz C J Adams: E M 
Atkins: JIM BMctietor. R CBeames: D 
J BcUieid: m E Bristow: a W Burnet- 
Smith: R M Doyle: J F Hargreaves: P 
A j Hassell: J E Hooper: P M Howe: G 
F Lock: J M Mumrord: J E A 
Paterson: G W Porter: R M Porter: A 
A lYeston: J W F Ridge: C V Wank S 

Ctan 3s‘ A D Button: B J Devttl- 
Spoanen M R Thomas. 

Degrees awarded by the University of York 

Fawcett: R M P Fttw J AG 
GoidJinger: K M E Goth F A Hwftom 
M J B Jackson: I A JenWns: S R 
Jones C H Lonsdale: D Macdoru^l: S 
E McOuskey: C McOade: F L 
McLaren: K AMead: JC httchote: SB 
Palmer: E A Piercjh C J See: BfM 
Btranders; K Tana: S J Townley: L M 
Todge: S A Watkins: I J wetton. 
Clau 3 : W w Beil: P J H a tton : S 

OnSnaij: A Dunn. ... 

EngUsb/History (EQ) 
te«« 2 (Dta l):FCM McCarthy: A 
E 1 M 


Clan Ss F J Richardson. 

EngHsh/Langnage (EQ) 

Gan 2 (Dta IQ: A Wood: J L Wood. 
EngTish/Pfaitasopby (EQ) 

Ctau 2 (Dta 0: A J day. 

History (M) Art (S) 

Ctau 2 (Dta Qs D Barrie. 

History (M) Economics <S) 

pM« 2 (Dta Qs A K A VatdL 

History (M) Education (S) 

Clau 2 (Dta Q: C B A Jenkins. 
pm 2 (DIV tQ: K A MerrtlL 

History (M) Sociology (S) 

ten 3 (Dta H): H C Goodman. 

History (M) Philosophy (S) 
firm 2 (Dta Q: W J Orman: A P 

History (SS) 

Ctau ts J M Henephan: A Munro; R B 
Samalk: O A Scott: W Sievenson: D E 
THoralOrrM A Wild. 

— - * (Dta Qs I P Annlbal: A W 

Maths (M) Language (S) 

Ctau 2 (Dta IQ: M J Morris. 

Maths (M) Music (S) 

Ctau 2 (Dta H>: k E Abercrombie: M K 

Maths (M) Philosophy (5) 

teu 2 
Ctau 2 

Music (SS) 

SBHoSson: D C Hodgson: P L 

JepsonrSJ Jones 8 S Lawrence; DM 

lSSSl S C Macdonald; JPDWU C 

m Spencer: E Stanton: A D Skott: K S 

&S: gp R J^Sr: S sVffl^ T E| 

Walker: M Watson: M E Whlte: D 

H): A J Awde fjpn: L R M 
SSr-ftj Brunlon: T J Crossk-y: A 
roihrowska- J Hall; K V Larkin: R J 


F Powrit N J C SwindnlS. 5 J 
mmmrF A P TollwrtghL 

History /Ecod Hist (EQ) 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: J S Thorpe. 

SS at S P 

History/Poiitics (EQ) 

gS 2 ,= a5y J orDj'!^“ 

Language (M) Education (S) 

2 (Dta fit R M cues. 

Language (M) Literature (S) 
Ctau 2 (Dta tOi S A Kilpatrick: B A 

it A TwBL 
it V M 

1: P D Maim: D J McCtatnntaa. 

Ctau 2 (Ota Q: BP Archer: C A Baker: 
A A Clare: F M Cttflon-Welken M E 
Cleave: N C Jones: O S W McPItervm: 
j S Pawson; S R Pell: H C Thompson: 
T S Wafchaw: J S Wheeler. 

Gan 7 (Dta % j K Bennett: RIH 
Lunsford; N B Leo: H E Templeton: R 
‘ Yales. 

35 H J Harris: T J Prunty. 

Philosophy (M) E nglish (S) 

Ctau l: C O Smith. 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q : A F Wahl*. 

Clau 2 (Dta II)-. s M Berry. 

Philosophy (SS) 


d a Pntchard: A J Wilson: D M 

Ctua 2 (Dta B)t S M Bird: R C Davies: 
M r Graham: l J Stein: A J Weaie. 
Gan 3: J V CaJUnan: J G MacnellL 
OrtSiafy: R J Delia- Porta. 

Phikwophy/Poiitics (EQ) 

; 2 (Dta Qt J E S Edmond*: M J 

Philosophy /Sociology (EQ) 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: K J Fisher: T R 

Ctau 2 (Dta H): R Page. 

Politics (M) Education (S) 

2 (Ota DiHJ BeaumonL 
2 (Dta IQs j R Lake w j Yapp. 

Ctau 2 (Dta I): j Alexander. 

Sociology (M) Philosophy (S) 
Clan 2 (Dta U): K R Alluwon. 
Sociology (SS) 

Ctau 1: A Backhouse J Heaton: E A 
Mackle: A L Martel]. 

Clau 2 (Dta l):SL Buck: J A HUL C A 
Ketn A Love; o A Robson: J E SmiLb: 
S R Watson. 

Ctau 2 (Dta ID: S J Btomfletd: ! S T 
Crawley: A Crulckahank: M C M 
Foster: CM Haro Wick; S G Hardy: A 
Hickey: S J Holland: J Kearstav: J M 
Lumbard: P A Marstob; C hacoi: K 
Petrtoi: S L Budge A N F RusselL 

Sociology /Ecoo Hist^EQ) 

fitaw 7 CD ta MX J H O oodmere . 


Bioch e mistry 

Comp Sdence/Gcnetics (EQ) 

2 (Dta H): C A Foster. 

Comp Sdence/Matfas (EQ) 

ten it K T Andrew* j D Hitchens: E 
C Power: D Sand*. 

2 <“* os A J 

2 (Dta IQ: S Armstrong: T 
s ks Ridgeway: J B RoUs. 

Brooke .. _ 

Clan ta k Dixon. 

Language (SS) 

„ 2 Oita P=C.DJBarpr. 

Bedford: A.T N ^ 

gJriS?iT'G M Davies; S C 'Dmvdall. .. 
C fStto: S D HagggE L« 
q r~ Owens; B H Peters, j 1*1 wins, j 
P oUmHD Randall: D J Reynolds: L J 
^ 5 y*Jwinsch. D C Souier. C M 

CmtTcDtt H): V Andersmv S H 
nXCsirta i Caveney; S S Fenr* _ t 
HartW: L « AHawm: B JHteks J B 

glass ta F Bull- 

Mathematics (SS) 

Politics (M) English (S) 

cm* * (Dta Q: M A Lacy. 

Clau 2 (Dta B): S A R AUMas: H B 

Politics (M) Philosophy <S) 

Clau 2 (Dta IQ:M AMLeCoy. JME 
TayMr. S M Warren. 

Politics (SS) 

Ctau it AC Neal. . - _ 

CIBH 2 (Dta I): D M Ant ro b u s C L 
Brown: S K Byrne: M HaU; F M 
Huxley -Will lams: P J Ingleflrtd: L J 
Kaminska: S R Kemp: □ KnowKy S 1 
Makinson: S H Marsdem S Moorheed: 
S J Pinch: M J Ryan: M R Surquy: J L 
Turn III: J S Winnilrtlh: F wylde. 
Ctm 2 <ptv h; S PAIOouk 2 C 
Aytward N L Baird: C D Balmen M j 
Barrett: DOhan: R.A Cleave: M R 
Curtots: K Edwards: AC FemKJla: s J 
Hedges: P J Holden: M Kershaw: D W 
Maddock: D Mccoktr: R Perretb S C 
Plummer: A Waltham: □ j 

Woo I render 

Clau ta J Balter. 

Politics /Ecoo History (EQ) 
ten 2 rph# D: S M FOMUL 
teU 2 (Dta IQ: A V EUrtRcoctu R C 

Politics/Sodal Policy (EQ) 

Ctau ta A J Cooke. 

Politics /SodoJogy (EQ) 

Clau 2 (Dta Q:$ J Lane: A J RowefL 
A J Salmon. 

Potitfcs/Statislics (EQ) 

Ctau 2 (Dta D: R F Ponton. ' 

Psychology (SS) 

as ? Mruaam 
aw W ag"’ 

Ordinary: D Barker. 

Social Policy & Admin 

Sw 2 (Dta n: J C Anwood: A M 
Bennett: I J Cnalkmu^ourtney: S R 
Handley: J A, Leu: T H l Mur cotr. R 
W Plater: C N Rkhjr: S J Streamed: J 
H M Wraitiail. 

Ctau 2 (Dta MX T M Bartow: J C 
[redale: IP Maunder: T M Nvwnham: 
N A PoUard: C A WhMsetL 

Biology (M) Education (S) 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: H C Bateman: R J 
.SwnfeiV J R Martin: D B Witt. 

Biology (SS) 

CtaU If N F G FoJkard: A N 
Schweitrer: C J C Ward*, 
cnu 2 (Dta Q: P B Allen: JW Anon: S 
J Ashton: J C Austin: M E Bumpy: BJ 
Christiansen; G J Cockem: J P 
Oe'Ath: R S Doncaster. O C GUrnan: A 
Hey worth: SEC Hunter: S E K 
KendaU: C M Landon; P. P Le nton: J 
M S Macmman: P A Mojicte; s J 
Newman: A P Newport; J S Noble: P 
Page: M I Saperia: M I Smith: A V 

tess^mta IQs P E Punbbvtn: M D 
Elder kUi: A L Gott: J E CrtWer: J A 

ass^i^j nas&£/im^; 

Stroud: K C Sutton: O H West D F 

Clau ta R M Holmes: J P M Uahtbody: 
G K Martin. 

Biology /Comp Sd (EQ) 

Ctan 2 (Dta D: I J FbWr: A H 
Lelbovrttz; A J Longbottom: A C 


Comp Science /Physics (EQ) 

teu ta S J Lane. 

Computer Science (SS) 

Ctas 2 (Dta Qi I Brookhouse: S M 
Easlnbrook: G Haley. _ 

Ctus 2 Ypta ll): SJ OMb J A 
Empson: S C Fuller: T D Harris: J N 
MoxfiekL J Offen: S J OsbakUflpn: J C 
Parsons: S Quigley: P M Startler: M R 
Thomas: R w Yeoman, 
ten x p Merritt. 

AsxraU t Cwttb fungus): A J Gardiner. 
Or ta wy. P R Booth. 


2 (Dta Q: J C Lotto. 

Bectromc Engmeerum (SS) _ 

Ctau »: M T Brown: A CJacVson: A P 
Jowetl: C M Keuell: K J Moon: M J 
Vardy: C D Woolf. 

CUU 2 (Dta Q: P O Anderson: J D 
Dixon: N Garret l; J P Marlin: S M 
Protoyn. MEG Uplon: A C 

Gssa 2 row IQ: M S Blaks: J F Brown: 
R W Brown: S D Clark: J M 
Koeebone. M Middleton: PJ Richards; 
D j Ruhan: S A Saunders; J P Smith. 
GsU ta B A Egoteshaw. S A Faint: A J 
Holme: N T Page: P D Ruddle. 
Ordinary: R R Eyre 


Clau 2 (Dta Q: M D Rhodes: S J 

ctau 2 rota H): J M creensntUb. 
Ctau ta 8 J Browning. 

M at h e m atics (SS) 

Ctau 1: R D Byron: M P dohessy: S 
QvIcMm: M J Hall 
Ctus 2 (tav Q: C P Bandy: N A Body; 
G D cherry: C A Halsall: G J 
Lawrence: S L Powell: C Savage: G A 
gocfciey: N A Walker. 

Gut 2 (Dta II): S M Cox: P HUI: C E 
Hlrsi: Z A Huphes: A J Peach. 

Clau ta J S P Bevrn: S C Brown: C R 
Oay: C M Leathley: J P Lee: P S 
Moms J A Nolan. 

A Robinson: A 

M J Butcher: B 

Maths (M) Economics (S) 
Ctau 2 rota l»s J 1 m Potts. 
Clau 2 (Dta if): O J Ustcy. 

Maths (M) Education (S) 

Ctau is P M Martin. 

Maths (M) Physics (S) 

LAD Vivian. 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: J p Howard. 
Ctau ta J R Hal lam. 

P A Walmsley. 

Physics (M) Education (S) 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: H r Cm icon. 

Physics (M) Philosophy (S) 

Ctau 2 (DM H): P N D Lewis: J Since. 

Physics (SS) 

Clau ts M D Cramgysan: N A ZClher. 
CUU 2 (Dta niRT Carttne: D J Clark: 
N Crox/ona: 8 S Gill: J Haw-wood. C 
M Hayler: A J Heap*: P J H oilman: L 
B Mulch: G M Oddte. C Prince. 
Ctau 2 (Dta IQ: A J Addis: T J Barron: 
C Brady: C R Davies: C C Efctns: w R 
Harrison: N J Kemp; 1 MUsom: ARC 

BA Hons 

English and Media Studies 

Ctau ti S I Hicks. 

Ctau 2 (Dta I): J D Cozen*. K Dewey. 
M J Grew: GS Reeves: A W HROwe: 
D Schooley: C J Sumner: C J P 
Turner: S N Warnc: S E Whtddel!; N 
F. Wllliamson- 

CtaSS 2 (Dtv II): & E H BarnUekt: D A 
Boyd Evans- S J Brockway D E 
ChaUmor: S M Chapman D J Clarke: 
A J Castes: S E Eckel: S D/Yankltlt: C 
N Hughe*: S A Lees: C S T O-Bnen: S 
L Parsons. C H Poy*er: A L Robbins: 
H J SmeMtsr. E J Simpson Jarrett: J D 
Smith: B Stone: f a Wetland: A J 

teu 3 : A D Creo. s Dennis: M A 
Horne: D M Jinks. 

BA Ordinary Coarse 

English and Media Studies 

Fan with Dtolnodpn: A C Pteirazlk. 
Pau MOi HUL s T HUI: S E Robert*: 
J D Sander*. R P skuse. 

Paw n M Allban: M j Allurrv. R C 
Appiah: H L Barra: C COoeeI: H V 
Francis: S Nash: S C Phipps: H C 
Saunders: M Serawu: L M Sutcliffe: L 
G Tans well: C EWi flats. 

La Sainte Union College of 
Higher Education with 
Southampton Insciiafc Of 
H^her Education 

BA Hons 

Modern Languages ami Euro- 
pean Studies 

ten 1: S Partooc S P Suter. 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: T J Beam P S Canlyef: 
A K C Clarke: B Fornaslero: J L 
K inane: J E Macdougall-Pye: K 

CTBnen.^S Steward, 
teu 2 (Div 11)1 J T Aubrey -HarrK: P 
M Barry: D Brett: A L Oavr: R L Cur- 
tis: W S Dobbs: K J Grrenan: J A 
Kemp: F O Ladeiool: C Martuccl; A 
McBeam D C McOean. C R Morgan: E 
w Moms: C D Turner: L M Turner. 
Ctau 3: S A O' Coo pen. 

BA Huns 

Modern Languages and Euro- 
pean Studies 

Sms i' rota 1 re sTTrotIL 

Ctau 2 (Dta H): r Brasseur 

La Sainte Union College for 
Higher Education 

BA Hons f 
Combined Studies 

Ctau I: L E Tudor Pole. 

Ctau 2 (Dta I): M Barenl: J Key: C E 
Lake: L M Mills: L J Musorove: A M B 
Nally: L J Sander*: a M Saunders: H 
J ScMffer: TJ Styles: R F Summer*. 
Ctan 2 (Dta IQ: J M Ball: Z A Brown: 
□ A Cook&om A M Duggan: M G 
Etheridge: N D Gregmn: A E R 
Hamilton: H J Jo Oral on; J e 
CTS ullf t an: L A Smith: J Tabner. J C 
Warner- Johnson: CSM Watkins: M A 

Gw X J Hop lun: B L Loyderu S 
Pozzm V s ward. 

Pass: S A Towers 

BA Ordinary Course 

Pass: L Bazerd. 

Dorset Institute of Higher 

BSc Hons (Collegiate) 
Geography and Landscape 

Ctau 2 (Dta Qs P R Brunt: K E 
Guiding*: V G D Legge: C R Ptgpotl; G 
R Prior: S J Whittle: K S F wisdom. 
CUss t (Dtv IQ.- K V F Betts: J N 
Bizoumts: L V Brown: M de Courty: r 
D Gilbert: B D Hanna: C M A Head: H 
G Laird: S J Lee*: R D Llewelyn: C 
Lowe: D A Pearce: M D Plenty: P J 
Riley: M D J Rowley: M A Scull: C R 
Sinclair: J P Stirling: D Waldren; K E 

Ctau 3: P F Evan*: SPA Com: S T 
Huika: D S Robert*: B Steven*: S N 
Taylder: C A Thomas: N M Vint 

BSc Ordinary Course 

Pm C R Sandy*. 

Chichester Theological Collage 
Bachelor of Theology Ordinary 

Pass J S Falrhead: G J Kirk. 

La Sainte Union College of 
Higher Education 
Bachelor of Theology Hons 


S^torV-roKTonaMfy Cate* 
Passt M Coles: S P Curtis: 8 J Dent S 
E Holland: K J Kite: A K Martin: W H 
MUrov: J R Peters: A J Shaw: K P 

Salisbury and Wells Theologi- 
cal College 

Bachelor of Theology Hons 

Gan 2 (DM Q: P J Pike: F R Spencer. 
Gw 2 (DlV IQ; A G OcudUR N P 

Bachelor of Theology Ordinary 

Pm K P Arkeil: P Burrows M 

St JohH’s Seminary, Wonersh 
Bachelor of Theology Hobs 

Pam C M Jordan: P G MalUnder. K j 

ciuT X D R C , A*h l fey ><1 5 J Bowles; C W 
Cnlcttlow: m J Hedey 

Psychology (SS) 

Ctau li JC Smith. _ 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: D A BmlMU: T L 
Harris: C Harrison: J Haxeil : J Jennet-. 
A E Kent: S M Lee; K E McCbrmmi: S 
J Mellubb: R L Roach: K A Sharp; R J 
Shotton. G L Silk. A M Simpson: J G 
Swettennam: S P Tanner. P L 
Thompson: N J Turner: G R walker: 
C J Wood. 

Ctau Z (Dta U): S J Ankers: K N L Bai- 
ley: M J Break* pear: K J Davies: B E 
Evason: N M Jordan; P A Lewln: J P 
Maxwell; L L Palmer: J A Smyth: D J 
Spencer G A Walter*: T J Walton. 5 
E While. 

teu 3 (Dhr IB); C M Fearon: E C 

Wool Jacob 

Theoretical Physics 

Ctau 1: J R Hughe*: C L Manner: S J 

BJSrm O'- R Beale: A W Connors: 
M J Smith: j E WoJnwrtgnL A 

Ctw*7 (Dta IQ: D P Cten': P K 
Sandoc M C Turner R Y Wilson. 

Oxford University Class List 

Politics, Philosophy and 

Ctau t I Anabiawi. Ex Pomona C. 
California: S . M Appleton. Ou. 
Wotfrefon S. HuU: JW Beck. Ex 
Dulwich C: P R Berman. BaiL 
Wesoninuen A I Bird. Qu. St Alban’s 
S: A M Butler. St Anne. Dulwich C: M 
W P Cavendlstt. Magd. Sir WUBam 
Bortase-s GS: S C CoUIn*. Pemb. 
Merchant Taylors S: S G B Cowan. 
Mert. Winchester: J T C Cox Si tern. 
Ablngdoo JS: ^C^Dtgge. ^ P t Friary 

Grange. Lichfield: _ _ 

wore. Dulwich C. J M fool Or. 
Hampstead Comp S: J A Fordec. 
Keble. Kina Edward VI 8 Southamp- 
ton: P W Franks. Ball. RCS Newcastle 
upon Tyne: P J S Fraser. Univ. King 
Edward’s 8 Birmingham: j F Garner. 
CCC. Oundle: A S CiD. Wore. 
Methodist Boys S. Kuala LunuMin J L 

Goldsmith. Univ. USA: R w Goooh. 
Magd. Dulwich C: W J Hare. Ex 

. S: C C Karris. Hertf. 

Kong: N I F Harrison. 
ST. Lw Hunter. UK. 

A S Taylor: J E A 

Cell Biology & Biochem 

Sms 3*\ [Wi'i)iNJ l Bdnim: A J Hunt. 
Clau 2 (Dta IQ: H R watson. 

Chemistry (M) Education (S) 

ESS 2 1: <Dta J |Q?j r w O ^Jnkworth: A 
gSnary: D P Cbd*»r. 

LoveH: . - 

Maths (M)Ed B catio n (S) 


aS 2 (Dta n: H Buckingham: M 
Hariwed's Holland. J M Jactaon: M 
Myervcough; h Slmcock: m 

g^^cSv J U)f fT’Srtnmrtl: L 

Davto. K A FSlfhank: P C OW®.; P 
cundnr: R A Lamnc: CL MHchciJ, J £ 
peters: J E Rowan: M J Say. 

Sociology (M) Education (S) 

Ctau 2 E A 

g ^ YN^* 1 ’ 

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thews: D Pilling: A 1 Smith. 

Chemistry and Technology 
Ctau 2 (Dta ■): K BOJCV. S J Berts: M 
A Hill: G R CMaicy: A E Moorttouse: 

DA Ball; K G WrighL 
ortantar H M Martin. 

Chemistry (SS) 

Clau tJC Austin: MM Brown: 8 B 
Duckett: M A MeCUMon: J M J 
Williams. . 

Ctau 2 (Dta Q: S Orpfl: J P Everett: M 
Higgin bottom: I J Hodges: N Hogg: A 
M^Srnley: A Robbins: J D Vessey. 
Ctau 2 (Dta D:TM Aievropouios: J M 
Bra meld: K Eaoiesione: A D M 
Jakeman: P D MCDald: N R McLay: E 
M Pinkney: S A Piiejt: D A Sear. 
Ctau 3: S Alihorpe. C P J Bernard: C S 

Brock: P M Parris; A B Salisbury: J w 
Sharp: J J Simpson. 

Qiiitairy J c Murray. 


Latymer Upper S: C C 

Island S. Hoag ' 

BMC. Winch«te _ 

Pennsylvania Univ: M J Kavanagb. 
Tim. King Edward’s S. Birmingham: 
8 R Lowen. Jesus. Solihull Sixth 
Form C: S L Meadwav. St Cath. Poles 
Comen 1 . ware: P J Morland. CCC. JF 
5 Comp: S V Morland. wore. Dulwich 
2: R <3 M Mortimer. Univ. Durham S. 
vi A Nasn. New Latymer upper S: D 
K PhUHos. Line. Hereford Cathedral S: 
) E Ramsden. Ex. Dayncourt Comp. 
Radcbffe on Trent: J W F Rogers. Or. 
Broadoak S. Weston Super Mare: H C 
Steward. St HUd. OUsueian HS; 
Chester; M Thatcher .Ban. LotymerS 
Edmontoiu D S Treisman. Univ. 
Prince of Wales Secondary S: M_ T 
TUrnaoe. Ch dijanorado Univ: MA 
veuakva. st J. Eton: p J Waro. Qr. 

Dame Alice Owen** S: A N WatL BMt. 
Trinity s. Croydon: S . ’ “ 

J Webb. Hertf. 

1: V j Simpson. ^ 

3 (Dta Q: M L Boy*: L M 

CUU 7 (DM Qt M ‘ 
.Newman: J A Qul! 
S Walker. 

All: 1 S Mcd»: J M 
igJey: C C Taylor: M 

ppLtBoaTH jftuSon: R ctfcughu: 

ClSu f TcBfir D: M D Biwtows: D R 
Clar Won: J cfoke: S L Coupe: S J 
Davie*; T D Fulcher; CL Haywa rd: a 
D Hobbs: A Matthews: K J Peru val: ft 

E PWM; H O Ridg e. „ 

teN £ G Racfcftraw: PA Roberts 
omtavr M P Cummins: D A 
Willi am*. 

Dartmouth HS. Birmingham: G Wtt 
kinson. BalL Dulwich C: S M G 

sr^^«sssrss^ T D 

Br uwcrV 

PttrklingKm S; T _EB Aston. CJ. 
Lrtgbion Park s._ Ueidji gj.T J Batt y. 
Ch Ch. Oowne House S. Newbury; S 
r Baker. Si Ed H. Po rtsmou th GS; A 
0 Barnes. BaU EJtzabethon HS. 
Retford: A -Beodixson. LMH. Pfmttco 
S: H S BenneU. New. Kfng Edward’s 
s. BirmingliAin: J P Bennett. Keble. 
YMOl Cyfun LUnhan. MkKUamqr- 

S m. S C Bennett. St Atrne. Ladle*’ c. 

H. KinK sTMacclesftaM: A J Bird. Si 
j. Westminster MR Btsnop. Jew. 
Walling! on HS: $ _N Box Or. 
Maidstone GS: P R Brtntiam. Unc. 
Coooer* Company * Coborn 9: T M 
Buekmasler. LMH. Putney HS: C E 
Burrow*. Keble. Highlielit S. 
Leichwgrth: C J Burrows. Ex. Char 
ham House GS. Rboumuc: L C F 
Campbell. St^HHd. Tudor HaU S. 
Banbury: P F Carttake. KchK-. si 
Boniface’s C. Plymouth: C L Chin. 
Keble. Hwa Chons junior C J E 
Charles, Or, NotUntfiam HS; C w T 
Chlppecfleid. New. Eton: S J Clark. 
Wadh. Westminster: H Clarke. Univ. 
Francs HilL Camberley; S j Coates. St 
Ed H. Newcastle- under' Lyme s: □ M 

CoUen. wadh. Sandhurst Comp: K E 
Collins. Magd. Queen's Univ. Ktngs- 
R A M Constant. St Ed H. Rtpon 
CS: 5 A Cooper. BaU. Sf Pout's Girls 
5: C S CroHs. Som. North London 
Colleglaie S: C J Daly. CCC. Sacred 
Mean Sec S. Camberwell: J S Daolon. 
SI Hlld. Newport Girls HS: P J Dean. 
Keble. King Edwa rd Vt S-, Southamp- 
ton; c J F allow. CCC. Wyggeston & 
Queen Elizabeth I SFC: C M Do wide. 
New. Glasgow Univ: C M E thing. Ch 
Ch. Marlborough: C J J Drtnk^- 
Men. El on; 1 C Dutta. St Ed H . 
Winchester: J J Eaay. SI Hugh. 
Boston HS: M R Em*. St J. Ot» Of 
London S: D J Faimo ogh. C h.Cli. 
King George V C. Southport: M C 
FewHI. Trim Sir William Bortase; E U 
Fltzherben. Ball. No school given: S 
Fora. Mansi. EUton Comp; D F Fra ser. 
CCC. George watson - *. Edinburgh: L- 


Harlow. CCC. .Latymer U p p er s. 
HanunersmUh: E A l-UBTfeon. M 
Anne. SI dare* Han, Oxford. J R 
Hay. CCC. williams c. J W H Hill. 
Trin. Wellington C: R DHJU. « -L 



EdH°Buckhursl HUI CouncyBO 

Boll on; P J Law. St J. YeovHC: PJ 

gStSucs^D uSTH^tenW 

Stewarts & Meiv lUe C . Enmnurtfi- B 
W M McCaUunvCtt- MhBaxtar H|. 

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LetChwortb: R J _.MHr*naU. 
PKikiinoion S: S P Mama w°it. » 

Guildford County Co* TeCnoeMM.M 

a a e m o^Tm^: 

LMH. onwMn 8: t* SPrrekh.Hen. 

George v S._ J K £ 

Furre Piatt Gomp;_D E 

bmp* «i Albans & PD Rfjtjcnrwf). w 

Gath. Howard S. RaBdnin: K R 

Richard*. LMH. Montana Univ 

n l— 1 , i_ » n ii MrGUl Uim*: S G wW# 

KlSf.- MS^miano*. 

CISSn ?C. SbMnR 

T S&.- p '55 ln ?^ U S 

Oggiwoksiuicgre. Potand- t *? 
smith. Pemb. Henrietta Barnett: K L 

Smith. Ch Ch. Croydon HS A Dulwich 
CNJ Smith. Trin. South Downs C of 
Further Education: K S Sparks. BNC. 
Chicago Univ: A W SPett*. Ex. King-* 
Coil S. Wimbledon; M Staalak. Keble. 
Colchesier Inst; E S^Sieln. Magd. 
Williams C. tJSA: MEW Stephens. 
Leech GS: P. JE Seph.-nsonQii- 
Park HS. Cherter: K L 
Keble. Portsmouth GS: J 
otrotid. BMC. Bedaies. FMenL Sulli- 
van. SI Hugh. Marion SPC. Middles- 
brougn: K Sweetlove. SI Hugh. Queen 
Eltzabetn S. Wlmbome: A M Thomas. 
Pemb. FarrttairouBh StxOi Form c: M 
A Thomas LMH- Trent C- J S 
Thronton. Unc. King Edward VI S. 
Southampton: K L Thurm. Pemo. 
Tufh Univ: A M Wachsleln. St Hud]. 
Westminster; J E Walker. SI Ed H. 
ttaStan HS: R C G weaver. Mert. 

Weston. New. 

Wesim 1 rotter: R p“ W halen. Qu/Vale 

&CTW WEfftTR fH 

«SS fe: F 
Norwood Girts 8 

Class 0 (Dtatstan 2)r M 8 Abbott. Si Ed 
ITcoichester RCS: J E Adwra. 
Mansf. Badminton; R J Anderson. Qu. 
Latymer Upper S: A W App telon. 
New. Klngyon-orv Thames CTE J JF 
Ally ah. Trin. Magdalen Coll. S. 
Oxford; M J Baker. Univ. Matthew 
Humbersione. S. Cleethorpes: J R 
Barry. Trin. Howard S. Ralnham: R E 
BWUn. Trin. King’s canterbury: R J 
Baxter. Mert. Handswortti CS: J C N 
Ben nett -Coles. SI P. Kingston C. of 
Further Education: p a Berry. Hertf. 
Trinity S. Nottingham: D R Belts. SI 
Cath. St Paul's S: G R Biggs, wadh. 
NO school given: 2 A BUliooham. SI 
Hugh. Banbury S; P EBradbury. Oi 
Ch. Monipeller: S G Brown. Ch Ch 
Sandbacti: A Carr. Jesus. Bosweit* 
Comp. S. Chelmsford: V D Cha. Hertf. 
Columbia Univ: R Chandra. St HIM. 
Color Park & Beckenham; JSC 
Chao. BMC. Radley: E D Charles, 
Univ. Radley: M R dork. Si Cath, 
Warwick S: L S Gow. St Cath. Eton: 
C J Colllnge. New Allerton HS. Leeds: 
P M Daviage. St path. Trnre S: A J 
Davie*. KeMe. Moulton S: H L 
Davison. 9 Hup). SI Paul’s S: M J 
Donovan. Trin. Surbilon 1®; L F 
Drtscoli. Ch Ch. Pennsylvania Univ: o 
E Ellison. St HUd. St Joseph's C. 
Bradford: S J Fall. Reg. PV. Rutland 
Sixih Form C: J T Friedman. Ball, 
Massachusetts Inst, of Technology; A 
C GUtesple. wadh. Camden Girts & D 
J cmitnk Si cath. miimIor Green s»: 
P R A avnn. Or. RCS Guildford: A C 

S ofia. LMH. Albert -Ludwigs 

ntiemlal. Freiburg: J Goodman, 
Wadh. JFS Como: M A L Guyocnar. 
Pemb. Nrston county Comp: R w 
Hanks. Trin. Haberdasher*' Aske-s. 
EJstree. p M Hariey. SI Caih. 
airhenham Ladies C; H L Hiflhrt. a 
J. Holly Lodge Comp. Uverobol: T P 
Hirachirtd. Ball. .Harvard Univ: S M 
jgrtKAH Ban. Wymondham C: C A 
BalL emeu Univ: M E Jenks, 
Trin. Wycotnne Abbey: PNM Joseph. 
Hertf. Aylesbury G& J AJowiu, Line, 
Prince Henry * QS. Quey. C M 
jowoey. Lhiiv. soraiun s: a m i. 
Kauifmann. wore St Mauris Con- 
vevt. Wevbndge: J A Kent. St Hugh, 
EggiescUffe S. H m King, st Anne. 


Pome Girt* S. Cambridge: D A 
Kiogsmlll Siocker. Som. Matvrr Stu- 
deni. P L Ling. Som. Hwa Chong 
junior C. Singapore: S J Uvinguone. 
SI Hugh. Bonon Girls S: J B Loefner. 
Qu. Mill Hill: S: F M Lough ran. Keble. 
Hampstead Comp. J E R Lyon. Som. 
Edinburgh Academy: F E MCK Inlay. 
Si Anne. Helens Wood S. Hastings: G 
K MarttiaU. Wore. Wenmlnsier Tu- 
tors. E M Mazzawi. LMH. Bradfleld C; 
S Mef/on. Wadh. Queen Elizabeth's 
CS Penrith: E L B Morgan. Magd. 
Bryans Ion: A G A MoSvnOwcn. 
Tnn. Mander portman. Woodward 
Tutors: A F O'Brien. Bali OUT Lady’S 
Convent HS. Hockney: A C O’Reilly. 
Wore. Ckmigoweswood C. Ireland: M 
S Penrose. Ball. Ashlyns S. 
Berkhamsted: A Plavax. KeMe. 

Latymer Upper SiRMl Pollock. Qu. 
Arnold S. Blackpool:. A D Porter. 
KeMe. Charterhouse: P A V Roberts, 
St Anne. Or Ctialioner’s GS: N a 
R obinson. Univ. Cheadie Huhrtv S: S L 
K Sim. St Ed H. Hwa Chong Junior C, 
Singapor e, r A Sintia. Mansf. Queen 
Mary* CS C , M Smith. BNC. 
Bradford GS W F Smith. Mert. 
Matte rn. k H Soh. Univ. Raffles 
Junior C. Singapore: D E Stanley 
Ball. Queen Mary-* Sixth FornCCJ 
Steele. St Ed H. Manitoba Univ: Q w 
A Stone. Or. Laiymer Upper s. 
Edmonton: N C Strand. Ex. Havant 
Sixth Form. C. M H sytrn. 8NG 
Bancroil*: D H Taylor. SI P. RCS 
cmatford: P A -rerry. som. Bromley 
HS- J F D C Thirtway. B 4 I 1 . 

Gy ton Dyfiryn Amman: S E Wataon 
a P. King Jame* C. Hemey-^v 
Tttames-. A B Westlake. Ch Qu SI 
Dominic* Sixth Form C. Harrow a k 
W hite. LMH. Chicago u3k c* L 

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wore Ntajlhew ArrSid 

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Som. OutoJ^i Kynaston & SKHDLa 

H^eo^W^n. 'HZSFs&t, 
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Sacred Heart Cuicmufi JS 9 *V 

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v£«ina mini > nim V A 

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KMd Mu. be, em.Au/feJl 



And call us for the latest job news from London's newest recruitment agency. Phone us on Votcebank 01-400 0378. Hfl H K Ifl E. 

secretarial skills this could be the 
right opportunity for you. It is a 
demanding post - You wffl need to be 
well organised, able to follow up 
work from initial instruction and plan 
ahead. There is a considerable 
amount of telephone contact 

The person appointed is fikeiy to 
be In the age range 26 plus ana have 
had experience of working at a 
senior level. Working conditions are 
excellent in modem offices situated 
dose to the station and local shops. 
There is also car parking. 

Please apply in writing giving 
details of age, education, experience 
and current salary to Ruth Williams, 
Walton Court Personnel Manager, 
Birds Eye Wall's Limited, Station 
Avenue, Wa Iton-o rvThames , Surrey, 
KT12 1NT. 












cm r OF LONDON — 

LEGAL AUDIO EG2 Snr.Partner. £6.10per hour untB early October 
AES PLUS OP EC3 Insurance. £6.15per hour early finish. 
SEC/PA/AES WP Fench.SL MerdiSank. £6.63per hour. Indefinite. 


LEGAL SEC/SH WC1 Litig.Partner. E6.12per hour ends mid-Sept 


SEC/WP WANG SW1 Manag.Cons. £S:55per hour indef. poss full time. ' 
SEC/WP LOG VTS W1 Sales Mngr Food. SS-SOper hour Until end Sept - 
SEC to top Lawyer StJames/Picc. S/H. £6.60per hour. 10am start 
You'll find it cfifficuttto match the attractions of work with Office Angels 
Recruitment Consultants* vyhyjmt call te. and see us at 
Janette JJaioer- — 13 Lambs Coattail Passage, Off Red Uoa Sq. WC1 
61-438 2531 T • ' 

Mez Sinclair - Foley House, 12a Maddox SL W1. 01-629 0777 
Diaae Daven ha m - 189 Victoria SL SW1. 01-630 0844 



£1 5,000 

Financial Institution, who has an international 
reputation, seeks a graduate who is presently 
stuffing tor the I PM qualification, or proven 
track record in Personnel. You will be fully 
responsible for providing a comprehensive 
Personnel function to the Division, which will 

on priority issues and be able to communicate 
actions effect i vely. You will enjoy the challenge 
of dealing with often complex Personnel issues 
and putting forward your own point of view, 
strongly within a young and dynamic 
Management team. This role offers significant 
opportunities for Career Development within 
this challenging and stimulating environment 



Applications are invited for the appointment of 


This is a demanding secretarial and administrative 
appointment in a private charitable hospital. 
Responsibilities include the full range of 
sccrrarial/office procedures and an involvement in hos- 
pital and stafT administration. 

Candidates must have good secretarial skills, organising 
ability and a pleasant personality. A knowledge of the 
health field would be advantageous but not essentiaL 
Salary circa £10.000 p.a. (including London Weighting). 
Please apply in writing with CV and the names of 
three referees to: 

The House Govenor red hgs/i*. 

King Edward VU’s Hospital for Officers, 
Beaumont Street, London, WIN 2AA. 

Closing date for applications 8th August 1986. 


£ 10,000 

A lighly successful West End 
advertising agency obviously 
appreciates that appearances 
count They also know that 
appearances are not every- 
thing so they are looking for 
a soohtsncated. wail - spoken, 
thoroughly experienced recep- 
tionist who will be devoted to 
looking after their visitors, 
booking hotels, flights etc, for 

their executives & certainly not 
being troubled by a switch- 
board. However, a Rttfe ac- 
curate typing may be nec- 
essary. Age 25*35. 

of Bond St. 

Recruitment Consult* n u 
Ha 52. [mo dm to founded 
0t-*33 004 


TjHoo Fiwdi mwg SH Sac /PA 
rcamd to w> la «* Dmw 
m ms evcaMpr auiwus F«*i- 
m Cmuo, aarfcag a dm 
lent Lou ol imWfonM oak. oh 
««M M aflaUrag Hypty mu- 
re cna n a My. pKftmu 

CITY: 01-4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 2188 


Your good secretarial skHs 
will be used to the full 
in this busy department fufl 
of beautiful works of art 
Some experience most 
useftd together with a Svety 
and flexible disposition and 
excellent speaking voice. 
E7.Q0Q+. Age 19-23. 

of Bond St. 

Recruitment Consult! nts 
No K.tmaMMFtowcU 
0I-S29 1204 


An b mmtirty lot aval ta 
m ottce Uaapx/Mnranu 11 itn 
rrawq outer* DBBB «4 mat 

Salt RaniWnffi. tetn n < Paraa wd 

i rfu i h . uUman) Jtw annad Bid 

dnkiyiMh U a*mi Conpcn typ- 
HOW S in os H W A UiW m iug 
KBOon v® raw nb 

CITY: 01-4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 2188 

: m i r. u nr. ■ i i r. i i 

Responsftffity end Super 
boss. Lots ol towohmnenr 
to tote West End office at 
an Autraflen company, 
plus a 4 JO ftoisfi every 
day. Soon typing and pos- 
sibly rusty shorthand. 

Caff Lynn La/t 

Staff Introductions 
TEL: 01-486 6951 

Staff Introductions 
TEL: CTMS8 8951 




+ excellent bonus - 

Your past experience will en- 
sure your future in this 
prestigious investment com- 
pany vntti superb offices in 
the heart of London's theatre- 
land. Duties are .mainly -ad- 
minstratM with a little ac- 
curate typing plus Kinsman 
swhdibaud (wW train). Hours 
10-6. Age 30-38. 

of Bond St. 

Rccruilmonl Consul ton a 
Kc. 55. (mdarUfomcU 
OtHH 1204 


£ 10,000 

HweiiM4MCa vMtevna 
Pmnaty D b uMi h m i WW ai own- 
hw PA wa SH n ml m Oaniwi 
A otsn to develop aqromn* & M- 
■KWMiH nabm-i paunv anang 
wy «1 r wo OTlM s a mat 5a- 
Drt Benefits altaad ndudrasmnom 
««V tan A ett bins. 

CITY- 01-481 2345 
WEST END: 01-938 2188 


PA £10 v p0Q 

Be in at the start of this 
exciting retail venture. Fu» 
. PA Managerial rote. Press 
launches and fashion 
shows, Uiwnwtsond comp 
backing for this new con- 
cept. Good typing only 
25% Of the time. 

Can Lynn Letit 

Staff Introductions 
TEL: 01-4868951 


EKLOOO wn ■ late fa hue 
WaMg te a derghtM Oman et 
an aaccMU Co turd b inns 
wHed m Dm apauaMn at as Or 
hoi concerns naiyvonrtoudlra 
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BuaaaapnnpPA/Adnw Mt ra W M - 
am vi esacWwg a pear Loaoan 
once ei me Ha na aea. VB u wl 
noun raM orgasnxxal 
tep aa wtn snxmd. oOdl *W* 
■wlaaa MMc eeiaar wswub 
sysms. inataQ raana. Be On- 
pans prank M m M cm of 
raoiBnm The a an wteAn n qa- 
DDramy tar ip wmpeacM «Md 
u OMise, no etta nupagemm. 
DEOfiH oma c niJDOO Sadi KCn- 
mgw omd vdneas m near 
moams ayavy awe « saeratav 
to pn Da bus* Man. f» lyang 
and daertui ptrsonaky an ownn 
mgenw MB some La n Vflgt at 
lOutund and WP 



The new Personnel Director 
ol a major lutenHOcmal 
Company wants an rteihgant 
and fast-working PA to work 
nth him from tnair modem 
offices near Weybridge. 

Responsible tor overall 
company policy he spends a 
tolof bmeworidngwith 
daterert dwswns of the 
compaiy on a Wwfd-vmte 
basis. While he wd ensure 
that you ate involved a 
■ tevais.The nature of the |0b 
means tt« he needs a self- 
starter. capable of developing 
the fflimmistratwe aspects of 
the job without swwwsioa 
Skis: 100/60 + WP. 

Age: 25-35. 

629 9686 


Efficient PA required for busy chairman of a 
group of companies based in South West Lon- 
don. In addition to toe usual office skills, 
organisation and administration abilities are 
necessary to cope with the varied interests, 
both business and personal, of tills prominent 

Reply to BOX G63. 


Synon, an international computer software 
house based in Islington, require an effi- 
cient Administrator with experience in all 
aspects of office management Intelligence 
and initiative, a knowledge of bookkeeping 
and PAYE, and the ability to assume 
responsibility for a lively office are essen- 
tial. An interest in computers and word 
processing experience would be 

Calf Pam on 01-226 5164. 

C.E12.000 + M/6 

This highly successful 
company is involved in the 
development ol small and 
thriving businesses across 
the whole of the UK. 
Working for a committed 
and enthusiastic MO, your 
eagerness to team the 
business will be rewarded 
by total involvement to the 

A positive and lively 
approach, the ability to 
handle considerable client 
contact and exceliem sec- 
retarial skills are essential 
for this position. 

Age 22-30. Stalls 100/60. 


726 8491 

Due to ament expansion, 
opportunities exist to fom one 
of our City or W/E branches. 
You will need to be a self- ■ 
motivated and successful 1 
Sec. Accounting or Ins Con- 
sultant at present Our high 
basic and generous commis- 
sion can result in earnings hi 
excess of £ 16 . 000 . 

Call 499-9378 

TO £12,500 

PA/S6C. 2B-30. 100/50/WP 
with poise and confidence 
for executive oi promnent 
Int Co. City. Previous senior 
level e x perience requested. 
He wta delegate and involve 
you. Offices are luxurious. 
Ptaoe 437-M7B nr 73W7M. 
1& Qztonl Street. Bee Can. 



Fresh from America partner to 
Financial Co. taking die City 
Uv storm needs you. 100/60. 


Trttngual s/h secs to support 
executives m the big bang. 

Urgently needed lor 
Sofldtors. Management 
Consultants and Insurance 



01-377 6433 AGY 

3rd Hot, 124 Wpm St, W1 


£7,500 - £9,000 

Several of my efients 
City and West End need 
sec/ PA's with good 
skills, if the worlds of 
PR, Marketing, Sates 
and Advertising appeal, 
why not phone and hear 
more? - 


- - (Rec cons) 


A financial services group 
based in the City requeese 
well presented and well 
spoken person with some 
typing ability who can 
operate a 120B Monarch 
system. Salary e £7.500 
Please send CV to; 

Mrs E Xenett, 

Hie Mdeftmse Grotip Pie 
Vestry Hesse 
Bvyfriara Passage 
IbiigatgStreef • 
Lewtea EC1A 


Ws are looking for experienced Philips, AES .or 
Wordplex WP operator with audio skills, who would 
tike (it required) to be cross trained onto a Philips. This 
long tom temporary assignment would suit someone 
who likes operating work and doesn't want those extra 
jobs that normally go with being a WP operator (tele- 
phone etc). 

KeHy Girl will give you free training onto a Philips WP 
AND pay you whilst we're training you. In addition we 
will give you holiday and bank holiday pay. sickness 
cover and excellent rates. You’ll be working in a great 
location in Central London, with' 
stops and tubes nearby. 

01-589 4554. 




Young, dynamic chief executive requires 
secretary to cope with his hectic . . 
“ scheduTe. 90/6{T shorthand essential 
and WP expe ri ence preferred. 

Apply Susannah Fergusson 
SGL Comunications Pic 
01-631 3555 

CflROunc kidq 

FILM/TV c£6,500 ★ 

As' the junior secretary to this live wire TV distribution com- 
pany. you will be dealmg with people who produce all the top 
American TV programmes (we'll leave you to guess which 
ones)}. Excellent skills (90/45) and a bubbly, outgoing 
personality are essential. Age 16+. 

46 Old Bond Street London W1 


I* i;Ti l: i 


Requires mature secretary with minimum 2 
years experience.-Typing-and shorthand essen- 
tial and must be -well spoken. Salary cSB.OOD 
neg. Apply in own -handwriting to:- 

Alromaizan Co (UK) Ltd 
Westmorland House 

127/131 Regent Street 
London W1R 7HA 


Join our successful Covent Garden office. 
We specialise in secretarial recruitment and 
wish to recruit an experienced additional 
temporary controller. You will be results ori- 
entated. very self-rnotivated with the ability 
to juggle several projects'in tiie air at once. 
Please telephone to arrange an' immediate 
appointment (evenings' 01-373 ‘3473). ' 

Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants j 

V.23 Bedford Street London WC20)-»I035II/ 


Required lo work with A 
others in busy architects 
office in South Kensing- 
tnn. Fast accurate typmn 
eswmiaL Please write with 
CV iq Elizabeth Leigh* 
Breese. .Michael Haskoll 
Associates.' • 7 .Cromwell 
Place. London SWT 2JN. 


«535._ -C 

SECflfXlBtiL fh:ruit«iut 
C! n«,llLttNIS 

To join our 
Janet Petty. 

.±101=491 1868 



Demanding and creative role for efficient and 
competent person with good shorthand and 

Organisational and administrative -ability and 
the desire w he involved in all aspects of the 
Directors worlt are essentiaL 

If you would like to be considered for tins 
demanding post, call Fiona McCormick on 736 
7474 for an application form or send. CV. toe 

Units 23/24, Fulham Wharf 
Townmead Road, 

Fulham SW6 2RZ 


c. £10,000 PJL 

organisational and comnwnicatiQns skills. - - • 5 

The chance to take on that kind of role has arrived, hi f 

one of the country 'stop Teaching District Hospitals, which todudes St Thomas S. ■ 

The post is as Personal Assistant to the DWrict 

with tiw qpportiaaty todBi»reOT«B y«ir inrfmHna wwTwah^vel 

^^^^inistrative Salary Scale £3518 to £10388 B^-YouH alsor^wsu^ 
20 days fra Way plus 2 statutory days, interest free season ticket scheme 
and subsidised canteen. . ■ 

If vou’d like to discover more about the job, ifou can 
form arid job description by writing to our Pereomiel DeroibritmL-St 
TTionias’ FtospSaL London, SE1 7EH or by teteph<mmflow2ff»our an- 
swering service oa tt!r2ei; 1185, quoting ref not PC/PG/40.^ j 
Closing date for appficaticma Is ;11tir August 198S. : ^ ; - . 

West Lambeth HeatOi Mhority is an equal opportunities employer. 

What’s the difference between 
Basic WIP work and Advanced? 

d . , t y 

About £30 

Manpower lakes care to assign its 
temporaries for toe* stalls, pesonafily. 
and type of work- So we pay 
accotcGngV b veu can hanefie 
advcnced wend Erecessns, weH give 
youasagronenStrirf willpcy ybu . 
around £30 a week more?Kjn 
someone c6 fxsic'levet: - - 

But even ffvouYe at the lower level 
it's sHi pretty good and we provide free 
-SdflwaH-r tuning to move you up. If 
you're atlhetopot the femporay tree, 
that's how well pay you; it not yet welt 
' help you climb. ' 

. . Tatkioinaboatpay^.andafl 
Thm other berwitoL'Crtf usnoWL ' 

©MANPOWQR Tel: 225 0505 

Texcpcrary Siaft Sgedafots 2d fiotff answering service . 

Senior Partners Secretarj/P4£11,000 

Senior partner requires a good calibre Legal S ecre-, 
tary write company commercial experience toassst 
him with interesting and carted workload. You 

of Bond St 

c h arm i ng partner.: He reqteres a secretaty who to-; 
qoirig to play more oJ a. SecretaiaVPA rqte- Na 
Wort Processing skffls- 'racpriad; 'C^ .Cartne( : _ 


£7.00 minimum 

Can Laura - PersoniMl Appoiittnwnts 

01-242 0785 

l^erscnmeL Appointments \ 

JL x. jm, 

95 AWwych. London WC2B 4JR Tel: 01-2420785 

(ansaphone after oRke-troursl . _^NP^-j 


£8,500 + 

An exciting opportunity to join a friendly hard 
working team in the exciting world of travel PR. 

Its a new company and a new position and we are 
looking for someone with initiative and good sec- 
retarial and word processing skills. You must have 
a sense of humour and he flexible and unflappable. 

■ Please reply with CV to: .. - 

COJBCB Lt<L» > . - ; y 

6 Burasafl Street, 

London SW3 3ST 


No hassles. No let-downs. Just plain, simple, 
high grade.temping. 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and, 
thoroughly professional service. " 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be falling to The W)rk Shop 7 . . . 
Telephone Sue Cooke on 0I-40912S2. 

Re cnd l m egt Coosuiunts' 




r i 






AUDIO SEC in Person nd/Bducaikra Area of eroineni 
Profcsuonal instituic. £9JOO-£‘iJOO-+ 

SECRETARY with S/H for BC4 Head Offkx assistiitK on 
the. Vurehaung side to. CTXXX). S weeks hoL staff restaurant, 
pension. . . 

CURRENT AFFAIRS PA/Scc far top non comm ercial 
dicni. Imcn st in legal af&iis useful S/H S audio' skills. 
c£0.0 WTdiT weeks not. - 

LEGAL SECRETARIES - our diems appreciate ihe. 
npcnciKcd legal Sec. & otfcr 10. £l(U30&r. togelhcr with 
accUcm City or West End-. offices. 

107-110 Floet Street EC4 


Hectic team of tocontiva TVavri and Conference Organisers need 

■f ”‘-W 
• ■ ^ 

y*- » 

pressure and Is wiling to muck to. You'B be in your md to lata 
twenties wiiti a good eaucafional and secretanaJ background and 
we promse you the ettanee to team lots and become an Integral 
pan of our friendly team. The salary is negotiable but otwously m 
am with ttw high (aval ol reponabHy and experience required. 

Thu* you can cope? 

Telephone JJ1 -734 6527 ' 


We have an exciting 
opening for a Secretary/ 
Administrator with fluent 
French to- work in one of 
our prestige West End 
companies. Hotel and 
travel arrangements will 
be a top priority, as will 
be good typing with 
moderate shorthand. 

Bond St Bureau 
22 South Motton St, 

(Rec Cons) 

629 3692 - 629 5580 

£12,000 neg 

PA (possibly graduate?) far 
Partner ot W 1 arctnaaural 
prac&oe. A busy yet htennal 
atmosphere caftng far a Byaly 
adaptable penonatoy with 
excaflmt typing and emer 
ahortnand or audio sms. 
For tteivfaw telephone on 
Jon Ganger 
01-937 6625 

01-408 0434 




Required for small firm of 
Chartered Surveyors n 
WD2. Must be oi smart ap- 
pearance with a good tele- 
phone manner Herald 
switchboard. Accurate au- 
dio typing essentiaL 



Phone Kate: - 
01-836. 2214. 

to £10300 

Breomi * mhaUa ats* to 

on buy PeraMnd Mngr & 

larowi mas ol nspnaMHy 
+ reaps hy wratw Hgtowte 
S general' peragna* 
mo +. 0-0 Miresoonten b 
pwae sscretaral tKaHot asu. 
tanct Cafl 588 50U 

1 Hfc 1 1ML6 MUiN UA Y July J.6 i *00 



A guide to 
career choice 

A good time to shatter illusions 

_ Industry Year has 

_ received, much media L ^ - m 

-coverage. Beryl Dixon 
^examines the new role of 
; ‘work shadowing’and 
: the important challenge 
* of industry conferences 

1 1 986 is Industry Year. It has received 

*S I S? Crab t n ? e ? ia average and many 
-initiatives, both local and national have 

established. At local lev™ iSSZ 
-commutees have been set up. firms have 

after that perhaps he had learned a link; 
about listening to other people's views. 
Other comments ranged from, “1 en- 
joyed it far more than I expected,” "It. 
^written to schools oherine'rh'd^J^ changed my mind about industry in 

^nks- and schools have done\toH2S ?" d [ P ana 8 cmenl ■“ particular" 

in reverse. one lac sam_ J liked learning to work as a eroun ” to 

At national 

Sharon O’Loaghlin, training in YTS at the GKN computer centre, Bramsgrove] 
‘shadowing’ executive David Wright 

She found that top level management 
was tough and bc^n to appreciate the 

Delta, for her part, was surprised by 
her shadow's enthusiasm and ability to 



^° F physic^ 


c- £ 8 . 000 +. 


7 •■-reSeai: 

• . • •• 

» .re .‘u.ttfay 
■onrss Janeses 
'■?+’ wee* 

- fci 
1 :^«BSC8 
:• ! : wrssr! 

•>e =e-53r-'e's.x;Ma«iaa 
* - •.-JT 2 - arwaanfil 

: y .i:s -?“93rSHri4i 

. . Jevei, two particularly 
imeroting initiatives, both of them 
actually in existence before Industry 
o f great relevance to it, are 

i^&ssur 1 CbaUenee of 

-T"? stated claims of Challenge 
ot Industry conferences organised bv the 
Education Authority for Industrial Sod- 
'S “To present industry’s need for 
able young people who can tackle the 
problems in industry and therefore 
contribute to the nation's wealth, and to 

Conferences can be highly 
participative and lots of fan 

ouild a. closer relationship between 
schools and industry." They are original- 
ly held in independent schools, largely 
-because of. the cost, but nowadays 
Sponsorship from industry permits a 
subsidy of two thirds of the cost, and 
conferences are organised each year for 
175 schools — 60 per cent of them in the 
state sector — which pay £250. 

Held principally for A level students, 
conferences are highly participative, 
“and fun" says the Society. Students are 
^divided into small groups, each advised, 
titot led, by a manager, and presented 
•with a series of group decision making . 
'and problem solving exercises. Group 
iwork forms the major part of the 

learning to work as a group." to 
“A waste of two days. I could have been 
doing something else." — You can't win 
them all. ■ 

One of the hopes is that links will grow 
between students and companies. Quite 
often they contact “their” group adviser 
after the conference for information and 
advice. Companies, says the Industrial 
Society, get as much from conferences as 
students, frequently using them as a 
management development exercise for 
their younger managers. Some of the 
larger ones send one representative to 
every conference. 

The Industrial Society will, given three 
months' notice, run a conference com- 
pletely for a school, providing speakers, 
advisers and case study material. This 
extends right down to a . checklist on 
necessary internal administration for 
teachers, and' sends an organiser who is 
present throughout the conference. AJ- 
y, after running one confer- 
a DIY 

ask penetrating questions. “It was re- 
freshing to see 'Captains of Industry 
reacting to a young person who wished to 
get the most out of a very interesting! 
experiment, and on several occasions her 
comments were a refreshing change from 
the reactions of staff who have been 
conditioned to give the answers they 
know you expect." 

In mid-April, Mark Ashby from 
Marlow spent a week with BR chairman. 
Sir Robert Reid. His week included: 
sitting in on talks about the Channel 
Tunnel, in meetings between British Rail 
designers and corporate advisers, and 
attending two senior management meet- 

The two-fold aim is to give 
insight and understanding 

running one 
give the school 


. - i.-ispfe. 

. .. r.::* riic-m! 

. . • 

Sfc ^conference, supplemented by plenary 
report back sessions, with talks by a 
manager and a trade unionist and the 
^showing of a film providing a basis for 
•some of the discussion. Chairmanship is 
CruciaL All conference chairmen are 
Industrial Society trained, 
r Experience shows that group work 
approach is very effective. Students 
generally enjoy discussing the problems, 
whether they be a variation on the “In- 
iray Exercise” or full blooded role play. 

' At one conference tempers grew so 
heated that one irate role player was 
observed to hurl himself across the room 
■at an opponent. Lest teachers start to 
worry — this is not a standard 

- And the student was heard to observe 

ence, it will 

“Shadowing" was launched last year 
as a joint initiative of the Department of 
Trade and Industry and the Institute of 
Directors. Under last summer's pilot 
scheme, sixth form girls spent a week 
observing senior women executives. The 
scheme had a two-foMaim: to give the 
students an insight into commerce and 
industry, and to give them a dearer 
understanding of management by watch- 
ing the work of senior executives — 
initially all female, at the same time 
shattering any illusions. It certainly did. 

Anna Smith from Wimbledon spent 
every minute of a working week with 
Delta O'Calhain, managing director of 
Milk Marketing. Anna jokes that she was 
“looking forward to a week off school 
and executive lunches." More seriously, 
she was “hoping fora unique opportuni- 
ty to see industry from the inside." Both 
agree that they gained from the experi- 
ence; Nothing extra or different was 
fitted into the week. Delta continued 
with her previously planned schedule. 

Anna was shattered to find that 
Delta’s working day began at 7am and 
that she always worked in the car and 
took paperwork home in the evening. 

mgs. Mark's comments — “It's an 
exciting opportunity to see how industry 
works from the inside and to gain 
experience of top level management" 

The scheme was felt so successful that 
it has been expanded this year, and as 
their contribution to Industry Year, 
1.000 executives have agreed to take 
part Delia is to be shadowed again, as' 
are many other well known names. Sir] 
Adrian Cadbury, Brenda Dean, Sir' 
Ronald Dearing, Chairman of the Post 
Office Corporation, and Lord Lucas, 
Under Secretary of State at the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry have all 
agreed to participate. It is hoped to send 
1.000 sixth formers into industry this 
summer. This time some executives will 
have shadows of the opposite sex. 

Anita Roddick of the Body Shop is to 
be shadowed by a boy and a girl, while 
Richard Noble, Chairman of ARV 
Aviation, has already had a female 

Teachers interested in finding out 
more about Challenge of Indusuy con- 
ferences can contact: The Education for 
Industrial Society, Robert Hyde House, 
48 Bryanston Square. London W1H 
7LN. Local Education Authorities have 
appointed liaison officers to contact 
schools with details of the scheme and 
select suitable shadows. Information on 
shadowing can be obtained from: The 
Institute of Directory 1 16 Pall Mali 
London SW1Y5ED. . 



School of Medicine 
Department of Medicine: 
St James’s University 


Applications are invited for the newiy- 
estabiished Rank Chair of Human 
Nutrition funded by the Rank Prize Funds 
and the Rank Foundation. The appointee 
will be Head of a new Division of Human 
Nutrition within the University Department 
of Medicine at St James's University 
Hospital. The initial period of appointment 
will be ten years, with the possibility of a 
further appointment Applicants must be 
clinically qualified and the University will 
seek the award of an honorary NHS con- 
tract to the successful applicant 

Applications will be welcomed from those 
with a special interest in any field of Hu- 
man Nutrition. The salary will be on the 
clinical scale for professors (£21,640 to 
£27,700 per annum - under review). 

Further particulars may be obtained from: 
The Registrar, The University, Leeds, LS2 
9TJ, quoting reference 95/29. Applica- 
tions (two copies) giving details of age. 
qualifications and experience and Medical 
Defence Association, and naming three 
referees should reach the Registrar no 
later than 3 October 1986. 

Applicants from overseas may apply in 
the first instance by cable, naming three 
referees, preferably in the United 

the cm- 



Visiting Lecturers tor 
The Stock Exchange 

Those wttft suitable qualifications and ex- 
penencs and mwitad to apply to teach as visiting lecturers 
on evening courses which The City University, from Sep- 
tember. wd run to prepare candidates tor the Registered 
Representatives and Registered Traders examinations re- 
candy introduced by The Stock Exchange to help to 
establish professional criteria for those who wish to en- 
gage m investment business. 

in addition, me following courses writ be run to prepare 
candmams tor The Stock Exchange's new Securities in- 
dustry Examination:- 

Regulation and CompBance 
I n terpretation ot Financial Statements 
investment Analysis 

Pnvata Client investment Advice and Management 
Fund Management 
Bond and Fixed Interest Markets 
■ Financial Futures and Options 
institutional Investment Advice 
Applicants should send a copy of thar curriculum vitae as 
soon as possible, and no later than Fnoay 1 st August 1986, 

Mighton, Co-ordinator, 

Sarah Horn 
The Stock Exchange Programme, 
The City University Business School, 
Frobisher Crescent, Barbican Centre, 
London EC2Y 8HB. 
Remuneration wifi be negotiable. 



Anocanon re tnuiUd fcff mo 
lEWM-to' L£rll | B*S-'P5 «i IMI 
tenaw from as soon 3 & dokh* OF 
up in imee yeas Pretei finer wU Bfi 
given to cam nates wtosc speca* 
oxaesis ae in Cmroanv » Convng - 
ralla* Sianng saiacy wiH oomMj 
Dr witmi tor rarer £8020 to Eftaw 
on swum on ik leau'esnp sow 
arfocti nsec, ro SIS 700 on anoua 
Firtia Eunndars snould be obtained 
Iran ik ftwstrat ma Secret*?. 
UomrrSJTY Of BliiKA SfilBtt HOBS#. 
Susjoi 558 1TH. m wl»n aoPio- 
dm. 'J ictM Da seat By 213 AugoSL 
Please autw retneocr JC 





AppAcants for the above post 
socuid poss es s a degree or 
eanvalem quatfcauxi and have 
extensive aUrnuusnave experi- 
ence. oreteabiy m a imersty. 
The holder will bo responsible lor 
the day-to-day admmshanon ot 
the Department aid Faculty ot 
Law The salary wti mm ally be 
on the Admnstraove Grade lA 
scale (£7.055 - £12.780 per 
annum) with the pessibttoy of 
animation to the Grade B scale. 
Dunes to commence 1st October 

Appheabons (3 copesL together 
with the names and addresses of 
two referees, should be sent no 
later than 18th August 1986 to 
the Vce-Prmopal (Admnstra- 
ton) & Registrar. Umversny 
College. P 0. Box 78. Canlrti Cfl 
1 XL. from whom hither paracu- 
Urs may be obtamd ( 0222 - 
874011) %tt141. 





ADpJratnm ae muited lor a 
One-Yea Temporary Lectutesho 
r the Psychology DepartmenL 
lor one calendar year commenc- 
ing isi DdoOer. 1986 Aur beams 
would be expected to possess a 
PhD and preference nvffu be 
gwen to those with ruoests ei 
the Cognitive and/or Social areas 
ot psycho logy. Salary Scale with- 
in the range EB020 - £9495 per 
areun Further rto ni i aimn can 
be o homed from 

Dr. NoH Frudo, 

Head af Department 
DtpaibneN ot P t ychotoqr. 
University CnNege. Canfttt 
Cfl 1XL. (Tel: 0222 87480). 

Aaisraws O uxjn»*t *<m 

tit r u n«^ jno jcatLV. oi two ides 

rei -JWjie Dr lonu’oeC id It* 

Vfee-Prtodpal (AAmmstrotioa) 
6 Regatrar. IMversity CeBege. 
P.0. Bn 78. Canid Cfl 1XL 
Qnin data I 

Ret. 3142. 



"Cloister and Castle". August 1-6; August 26-31. "Romaft- 
esque Art and ArcMecture". September 18-21. "Wye-Dean 
weekend". September 26-28. 

Expeditions to medieval sites in an area of outstanding 
natural beauty. Accommodation in attractive Queen Anne 
farm house. 

S-A.E- or phone Christie Amo 
Medieval Study Centre 
Tan House, Newland, Coleford 
Gloucester GL16 8NP 

Tel: 0594 32222 



•. --"fr fine 

Young- . . 
.-- u\ : iprjttw 


For immediate 

t telephone 
‘ nowon 
01-439 060L 







Design Co. req a 
secretory for one of 
their directors. 
Greeting clients + 
admin duties. Flexible 
outgoing person ideal, 
21 +. 

Call Kim 370-1562 
Monroe Rec Cons. 

T’iTiS'T . 

Enjoy the world of ’ ; 
bookSAS asaistant to id* 
M.sragS>9 Director of 

leadmgftSWinw Housa. 

Opponurew to b« m #» 
paart of thw busMss & 
ConfideraaWy and good 
S/H and good typing 


l- :i \ 


H ,n a Anoque Company rfr 
PA/ Recopwntst io assat 
abhshing new ventm m 

Tt. Prtai** Cowt Breopton «■ S * 3 

gs' 1 




JS^ 01 " 51 SSm 

admin andrnftMTh 

.To* *'£&'*'*!£* ^ 

^1851 1220 _ 


1119 rwuoiw marker rntanD 
company n looking for a group 
wcrriarv lor II - * wmem Eurt>- 
pcflii Primer Industry Service 
Duue& iiHfuoe llv organtuUOa 
oi a nunr annual conterence 
overseas ami Iherlor e some lor 
mgii Iravif is mvolveo. 
AppUranK st»Dtd nave a bign 
level M general eouca lion <mlm- 
mum ’A- level Mandarin 
cetniHiwd win* good secretarial 
/ admuuslralne sRIIts mo sbocl 
hand) and word processing 
auiiiv knowledge of a foreign 
language would be an asset 
Age 72+ Salary rtrea C9.O0O 
. pa. Pww ring A one wuiiam 
for flintMT information Tel. 

OI 409 1477 or vend your CV 

to Anne William Dataouesl UK 
Lid. tdd/ida New Bond SL. 
London VVI Y 9TD 

TTAUIAM C7.6QO The Maoage- 
mem Company In SWI for ait 
Anglo Italian Comortlum seeks 
a •yiieral vccretacv with at leosl 
an A lev el atnltry m Italian who 
will ioui a smalt amicable ad- 
nun id rain e. Uvam No 
vhorlhand. bul good Q-pn» 
good tnglish and me aoiiny to 
communicate weU are ewenuat 

Traimmig will be given with 

wp. TriPtax rlc Please. ring 
CLC Language Sen ices iBec 
Consi OI 859 5365JOT lurthef 

E<onomKv/n»alh» or European 
langiKigrv IMMI. PresUgtov* 
voting marketing group In I he 
W End seek a bright men iduat 
vsiih good siilh who will enjoy 
im- rtvallenge of a 
piewunnl emlronmenl deal 
mu wilt* European clients & 
worldwide markets. ExeeUenl 
rarerr pf ospetrls Please ring 

CavIledaU OI 485 dOI l 

m o po m ADWHL PA to 

ClOOOOrtus rvr prrl& Presto 
• nan CO seeks upmarket. ungiH 
odniin PA to wwk for a pari- 
tier Lois of organising aj»d 
aimiiiiiKi PR evonW. admin, 
.xi ir l some sec work 'good accu- 
ral!- iv ping and spelling Jk 
Lots M moot, provpects and 
perks Age 23 SO. Ter nwre 
details Call kale ■ 831 
kinyilaiKl Pen Cons 


■nvs a mi orarilon at lunchtime 
will apprenale Urn mehdfv 
• pnipanv with superb families 
ot a sislninniKi pool and uiuash 

(min Togualilv ld*i heedgood 

seoelanal skllb wlU* Short- 
hand varied work toad. w«h 
| nf-. of tmOKUlNfll 22* rjMT 
Ihei details 

683 103* Meredith 



a £31.080 our rllenL the MD of 

a leading linn m ihe Uri d w r e- 
cnnlnieril advertising 
lop PA who is tunable of woar 
mg num ddlrr.-nt nab. Tto» 
Will include rmwtAdi l|4»s<jn 
will* several loo Blue CWP ® 
rnls adnnnislration Of 40 
personnel, plus .cw ng wWh tlb 
VH rrlariai needs Cood sMUv- a 
oi humour, a down to 
<sii ih A oigainsed pr^vo^jh' 
jrr .lit issorlul «r lurllvnrde. 
rads pksise rail RnjJ 
MuUHrdllrh on OI 501 
2Q77/2947 41 

(aoslhvvaile Hrc-rollmenl con- 
i£JJ?.i!s Lid 2t Beauchamp 
pfa>e London 

in mm nalipiwi Otv towt m 

, rs! menl Ikdlk 

(oniMNil. arruiikileandesper' 
eiiretl nanknto . ** 
snirutrv to a vke 
C"Od oiujiusalional 

Ilir ^b|UI> Li iWflfk Mfrtl 111 * 
vrrv Iasi 

.'.stsrsu. i^o -Sru 

SIudRm^inw 1 * ConHifiams 


rmdSOV. 80/SO/TBMPC <w||| 
iralnl. BOA. admm and iraimg 
wnii key personnel Alim her 
lo derail important and a pleas 
ant. conlidenl manner. Large 
Ini Oo. City Salary to CT.BOO. 
Phone Caroline 734-3768 or 
437 8476. Milter MrNIsh Rec 
Com. 133 Oxford Street. 


property/ ractug car sldeiinr 
seek practical Person for lob 
that needs , to bo described by 
present, but soon to Dr 
cnpanL Involves some 
ivpmg/admln hut mostly com 
nton sense and adaptability m 
large doses. EC1 £9.000 + car 
snare Jessica 0X 251 6200. 

PROPERTY 2nd Jobber, no S/H 
C7.000 plus e\c perks. Prestl 
aw us ro wdih v friendly 
almospncre seek bright young 
see with plenty of enthusiasm 
and Uv native Lois of admllv. 
clteui . liaison and secretarial 
dunes. Top career prospects 
and perks. Call Kate 831 7572 
Klngsland Pcra. Cons- 

Sou’ll be looking after people 
coming lor interview, typing lip 
CV’v learning' now to do pay 
roll * staff reroms A generally 
assisting In a busy personnel 
dept C6.000-C7.00a Covent 
Carden Bureau xxo Heel SI 
EC* 363 7696. 

r e quired tor 
busv Kmohtsbndge Design 
'group Should be young, mefy. 
weHAPOkeo and presentable 
OuUev include some lyping. 
IHcphone. greeting chrnls and 
mewangers Salary C.C5000 
xv CorUaCI Alison FarfoU on 
225 9496 Strictly no agencies 

(RIDER 25 and looking (or a ca- 
reer move? join our temporary 
loam and broaden your aerre- 
lai mI evpenenre Short, long- 
term and temporary to 
perrtkmrnl assignments avail 
aMr U you havc-«n/auato/wp 
skills, rah rmesae Apocuni 
meuKiRer Corel 01266 7261 

ernaorr and competent 

Senna rv. audio with some SH. 
I eo Hired lor t Males Manager' m 
busy managemenl Oepanmem 
oi well estabHvheq estate agents 
■n Ms t Please telephone Brian 
C h'rmahan. Sturt A Tncndale 
01388 9087 


liiendlv one branch agrnry 
based in vwtona. Empknhnrnt 
agency evueriente preferred, 
but rand (dales wiin sales back 
ground ronsldercd. Age 3d*- 
Phonr 828-83*5 tor an In lor 
mar rnat 


500 Loral firm of sohniors 
reqiure Legal Secretary who is 
fmuie or leu toted to deal with 
baste accounb and admintslra- 
uonaswetlassecrelarial dunes 
2J+ Tel OI 236 1682 ASA 

LEGAL AUDIO £9000 CUy lax 
□Iron experts who are 
suprrvmuly voting with great 
sense M humour Bull someone 
with insuiuore evp or similar 
Call Sucanne Dunphy Of I Ice 
Anajrfs RerTullhienl Consul 
laiih OI oSO 0844 


U 0.000 11.000. Main CIU' 
batik leguirn lirsi tlass senior 
v, ukirv wiin rvrriienl admm 
rapnlnhues and IBM PC expert 
nur lessen I Lai ■ .Working lor a 
senior evrrullve vAmericaiil the 
role win involve .ewlenslve PA 
dunes, holding ihe ion mhisjh- 
seme and generally super* Ulng 

Ihe .-MmintsIralHVi of Ihe dr 
pari menl E-srrilem prospecls 
lor lull advancement plus su 

pern perks Including morfoagr. 
free IiiiicIMs. peliyon. BLP4 
<4r Call Wrkv 404 0022 
Kingslnnd Pers Com 

Join mis very presiimous Olv 

Based newspaper as secretary lo 
ilieir fraium editor Thp is a 
fasriiMlmo ' emlronmenl to 
work in You should hair a a 
been interest hi vurrrhl attain 
and be keen to develop your 
own areas of rrvpoinitnlilv 
Behiublul. new Well equipped 
oil ires and 5 weeks' hoi i das 
uO/oO skills needed Pkwielr 
phone 01 2*0 351 1/3551 

iWesi Liuleor 240 3551 iCflvt 
Litrabefli Hunt Recruit menl 
Consultants . ...... 


£S$O0bh Hoi born finance con 
suilants with general workload 
Mo I her l hem and control ihetn. 
Talk lo iheir clients Good hols 
LVs. CaU Sylvia Lang Office 
Angels Remaimenl Constfi 
touts 01630 0844 

YOUNG WP OP £4.000 Will X 
I ram to WANG OB lor bnghl 
amMitore text Inpul op Impor- 
toirt legal documents, but legal 
exp. not Import. IVk Bonus. 
STL Cali Suzanne Dunphy Of 
lice AnpeH .Recruitment 
Consultants 01*30 0844 

COLLEGE LEAVER or 2nd lub- 
ber Excel lem career opening in 
famous wi Co for bnghl. well 
woken secretary with skills 
100/30 Tor busy varied job Sal 
lo Cfl^OOaar + rxc perks. Cap 
Hat P eople 240 9384 


comeyanr . Sols Q 
Aldwyrh. Young chally learn o < 
professionals bene Super perks. 
Call Sylvia tang Oil I re Angels 
Recrvnlmenl Consultants. OI 
630 0844 

LITIGATION PA. lo £103)00 for 
roadhouse of a busy deni IBM 
PC Wort* for Partner 4 wits 
hoH Annual- bonus at Xr 
Call Susan Jay Office Angels 
RecTutlmenl Consultants Ot 
630 0844 

i wflh sn loan 

as ser/retief reception in ptush 
City office Wltl coreider C/I or 
older person nol wanting loo 
much pressure £7.000 
C9000 Phone 01 588 9861 
Ann Warrington Sec Careers. 

Take your pick of Editorial. 
Production. Publicity 4 
Rpyalilies tots of lobs 
CS.OOO/C10XJOO. Coven 1 Oar 
den Bureau 1 IO Reel SI EC4 
3S3 7o9e. 

by Chetsea An» Club lo do a 
vailMy of hard work. 7 days a 
fonnkmi- 1 lam lam including 

alter Hale weekends. C8SOO 

pa. T elep h one ■ • 01-352 0973 
(Olflre hours i. 

YOUNG SEC £ 778 0 lor Si rand 
education m-UHUle Open plan 
mures wiih nlre people LVs 5 
wks hols Call Susan Jay Office 
Angefv Rerruiimem Consul- 
unis OI 630 0844 

LONDON (SWSL Refurbing con- 
irartor requires 

lerepitoiihi/secreiarv 9 S Sal- 
ary negotiable Please ring The 
Chairman On OI 930 8367 

PR SEC. For Dir 90/50 * fluent 
rrenrlT Organising funrbons k 
events Cfl career prospects. 
Package Cl 1-000 CaU naiaUa 
TED Agy 01 736 9857 

superb apportunlly lor a young 
person wilh some previous ex- 
perirnre lo HXn a very 
MKcrsslul wi advenutngagen 
iv as secretory to a group 
urrouni director ll'i a busk-, in- 
l omul aimovpnrre as you 
organise Ins oflire and set up 
and sometimes attend clieml 
events 56 wpra typing ability 
needed ■ Please telephone OI 
240 351 1/3531 Wnf End i or 
01 240 3551 iCio-i. Eiccaoein 
Hum Peer in I mem Consultants 


M D ot inis lun but nights sue 
restful irrm who research into 
new rmrsumec produci lor Blue 
Chip r am pail m is looking for a 

tmgil. voimg serretaty wiin 

ev ref jeni i> p An who fs enibusi- 
aslu A mature enough lo 
handle a manning perl ecu on 

i si i C8.500 For further details 

please rail Lid LutJTmonCl ' 
581 2977/2947 at Jane 

Cr Osin wane RemulmeM Con 
sniiaius Ltd 21 Beaurtiarno 
Ptoie London 5W3 

world famouv lirm of-rrtoiim 
visas a vl iltsft. rapabie 
srrrrtorv /PA lo Iheir chief e* 
erulive Apart from providing 

mu el In it vnrunjl suppon 

imi will lake on rroomdulilv 
lot rnmpam PR and offiro 
inaiuiqrmcm Bmrllls Inrluor a 
uenerous satorv leva 1 ** aller 3 
moiilhs lCfit/65 skills needed 
Please trtcpnoiie Dl 240 
35II/S53I iVvevI Endi or Ol 
2403551 I cm v EII/alirttT Hum 
Rnruunirnl Consul ton U. 

Prep 8 



GCE retakes - 
Which College? 

Consult us abort 'O’ 
and 'A level retakes and 
get expert advice on 
tutorial colleges. 

Our counselling is free 
and objective. Oar offices 
are just six minutes fay 
Underground from 
Marble Arch. 

[Truman gfKnfehdey) 



7RT1) bOHMS mi CSL uxare Nil u 



Mow MRHfct IwntaW Cana 
3-Nrm LacU l w S ureMriN Can 
Erartes Septamoar. janujiy and AoriL Please rrree a takpbane for 

18 Dunraven Street, Park Lane, London W1Y 3FE 
TeL 01-629 2904 


The demand tor the trained man or woman dnropoOffit m ihe 
private sector 8 increasing. Most of the trailing necessary to 
qualify for a diploma m chropody may be taken at home by very 
specialised correspondence lessons followed by Ml practical 
traamg. You are minted to write for the tree booklet from 
The School ot Swgical Chhopody 
The SMAE bwttute (estabUriied 1919) 

The New HoH (Dept TTI) 

Bath Road. HafdarWawL Berks. SL 6 4LA 
Tel: (0628) 21100 (24 hrs) end (0628) 32449 




TEi^oass Tiiaas 







MEMBER OF CIFE (Contwn ra toe tod ep cmhnl Fixthw EducMior) 

Marlborough Secretarial Coll 

Ruo*rbfiMd dm* Hnn rod tanht urna for FVnnan and USA 

h wrote flup ro mw lor pamoparon n imnir 

Apcnwcd lodgngv wd W For U detob, pteau camacc 

TW ItHftDmgk Sk<NMM Hi 


Individually planned tnitioo for GCE at 0 k A leveL 
One and two-year courses and one-term intensive 
re- take revision. 

Write to Tbe Principal at S Broekside, Caabridxe 
CBS UK, er telephoRe 6223 64639. 


Tct (BKS) SIMM PleaN -211212 


INTERNATIONAL pnvalr non- 
Irodilioful Lniveruty ollm 
■Hum to mid-rarim- adults 
over 25. nllrrir al homo and 
wrin fun credits lor We career 
rxpenrnce Prospectus Irom 
Oil T. Neil Cibson 4 Co . Sud- 
bury. Sullolk CO20 6EQ. 

LEGE. GCE O- A "A" level 
luilion in mod subteclv Full 
lime, retake A revision courses. 
Please wnle or telephone lar 
prospectus. 103 Oral Russeu 
St London WCI B3LA Tel. 01 
580 4676 7 



Secretarial. Business 
and Lansuaae Courses 

V^brd Processor Ihuning 

English (or Overseas 

Resident & Day Students 
The Registrar (TI) 

2 Arkwright Road, 
Telephone: 01 435 9831 




Decorative paint courses, 
rag rolling, marbeUmg, 
spongeing. dragging. Curtain 
making courses, gilding 
courses and many others 
available. 1 . 2 arid 3 day 
courses in Greenwich, 4 
miles from London. 

Other courses available. 

01 6920961 


WUcbCaniK? Which Cmw? 

Which QnflMicatiom? 

kn ai ei Ba tg practical Hurts- 
meat nd &adaace avaUablg to 

brip prronts and young people 

reach tbe RIGHT deddons at 
His cracial stage. Free brodouv: 


, aw o 90 Clouccmr Place. WI 

w • 01-935 5452 (24 hre) 

l • ^ 


'Bachelor of Law 

University of London 

Full-time Law 
Degree Courses 

[> VlSdflrr Mn^ooi lUreat) 

hESiyUptaSUX v. dnezstfet 

N&y Mcadad Modtr Ad fralnptri DCl 

THEATRE Aduib and chitdrms 
hMiitoy earnest 1-6 davit. Tito 
•trr vtsUk. Theatre related 
ou lings. Performers talks . 
workshops and meals. Based 
near Trafalgar Square 
Tel Ol 240 3529/0 L 836 3209 

COLLEGE various courses start 
Srpl Jan & April Proswnuv. 
Mis Dov. 4. Uemerby Cdtu. 
SMS Ol 373 3852 


College. 22 24 Queensberrv 
Ptore. London SW7 2C»S 
Please v.TIlr or lelenlwne lor 
prosper l US Ol 689 8583 or 01 
881 8331 


RtnU W IWQ TO WORK? Learn 
M or d ProcesMno and/or 
Irevh your typmg wiut our 
rompuior lutor Days. eves, and 
Sundays Job finding help. Tel: 
Ol 377 6433. 


with musics! ability who are aged be t w een 7% and 
be eligible to enter the nan Voice Trial on 
WEDNESDAyThTH OCTOBER 1988. Aa boarders on (he 
Abbey Choir School (1APS) successful candidates will be 
given a full preparatory school edu c a t ion . Present fees, £310 
per term inclusive. 

Write (stating date of boy's birth) for prospectus 
and application form to The Headmaster 
R oo m Cl, Westminster Abbey Choir School, 
Dean’s Yard. London SW1P 3NY. 






A studentship is available for work on a large 
established data base, suitable for testing hypoth- 
esis about the birth and death rales of small firms. 

Applicants should be well qualified in economics 
and/or econometrics. They should send their CV 
and three references to: 

Professor Michael Beesley, 
Director of the Doctoral Programme, 
London Business School, 
Sussex Place, Regent's Park, 
London NW1 4SA. 





The Urwetsity is seeking a successor to its first Vice-Chancellor Dc Albert Sloman, 
who will retire on 30 September 1987. 

Persons interested in being considered for the post or wishing to surest anyone 
for consideration are invited to write; in confidence, to Sir Andrew Stark, Pro-Chanceiioc 
d o the Registrar University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester C04 3SQ. 

The University hopes to receive applications from persons with a wide variety of 
backgrounds and experience for this post of principal academic and administrative 
officer Further information about the post and the University may be obtained from 


vrokva PA/S« 19 lo Inn 

ibuwi Arrounl Manager and 
Dirorloi Good arruralr 
•Ji/tv ping Some audio and lob 
oi oilnnn Wang nmwiler 

«iov.|r*in or teach) Super egg 
lo« rairor grawin. opaling cli- 
rtuv mmingn. admin, rlr 
kvuninf, ihe batnendUdemay 
Imi gri-ai noo ulAlalim 
« Cfl. 000 1 OT paid Super frtngc 
• hnns Jov-re Cujimhs 01 589 
6807/0010 iRrr Corel 


TART in for buy mtro- 
Ptiwr SW3 area. Age 23+ 
Sorctls COftO. A brtgM ana 
plrur i pfimnallty t» cWcnWal 
and Olnrtii WP en anaman- 
lagr. but win train Salary 
to £12X00. Trtrphona Mn 
HuicWnscn Uroves Ucanced , 
Agyj.AS8.a063 . .-.J- 


■Mini mg WCI ntongmi 
(Oiivull.inrv took Pt lo Ihr a 

imn 4 Manager ot too tewuro 

A gairoan vrliPii Rotoarffv. ro. 
OfniiMimg at romulianiv * lull 
Mlmn bjrk up will Or inrt in 
iruv raid opporlnniis 5u8 pee 

mhi oor-l 22A5 «» nh gd vkilh 6 
plonlv of drno a. oninusiavm 
Sal « CIO 700 Contort Sue 
kdfrtuu Oi 408 1016 

Markitlnrrr H« Cons 

ion Hand, atruralo Ivotng and 
qtwi oduoalmn for Company 
snfrtotv oiid Otncr Manogrr 
cd TV and Vidro prpouruon 
fompam WP rvumenre an 
odvantaqo Youno Irtonaly 
bt(M almosphrtf C6.500 Call 
kiaiiromi Vnuon on 01 t»37 

Conti nurd on page 24 


Large Private 

Language School Organisation in Germany, 
requires for a dient in the Frankfurt area: 
Experienced and Qualified Native Speaker 
Language Trainer (TEH.) 


With possibility of later assuming Post as Eurp-Rrp- 
reseniative on the programme with the following 


- Profess i onal supervision af Euro-Teachers 
-- Organisation and administrative dunes 

- Teaching English as required 


- Extensive experience teaching english as a foreign 

- language (ino. 5 years leaching students non) oast 

ness and industry) _ ... 

- TEFL qualification (RSA, PGCE/TEFL, MA, 


- Adaptability to training methods currently m use. 

- Good knowledge of German 

The successful applicant can expect both an i attractive 
salary »nH a pleasant world ng atmosphere, interviews 
will be held in June and July in London. Date of 
employment Seotember 1986 
Applications in duplicate with c.v. qualifications and 

recent photograph to: .. ,, - 

Euro-Spraehschulen Orramsaupn. Haupistr. 26, D- 
8751 Stockstadt/Main. west Germany. 

Ann Mrs. Bastnier. 

6 Lechmere Road, London NW2 6BU 


required immediately by the College of Speech 
Therapists, tbe professional body for Speech Therapy. 

This post carries administrative responsibility lor all 
aspects of the undergraduate, postgraduate and post- 
experience education of speech therapists. Starting 
salary £10,902 per annum inclusive of Outer London 

Please contact Mr D Wiseman, Administrator, on 
01-459 8521 for further details of the post. 

Closing dale for applications: 29th August 1986. 



of FRENCH Wd/or GBMMP8- 

[Squired tor Septenirar For 
reserve list TE4CHEH Ol 
nALIAN/Sborthaad adapttaa 
also. Pbase afeowip tor aopon- 
ment 01-661 8331. 


(150 Cm Wren) needs an 
Assistant Matron in 
September. Enthusiast tor 
gifts' games a help. Write 
to The Headmaster. 
Ashdown House, Forest 
Row. Sussex, RH18 5JY. 




ThranxiiiiiiiH-ninll t* to a ftxiti prriod uf one ymr faan ] Octet* 

]9W nr j~ «ihki theraaltrr as prnubfe. Cjwfutoi,.. most br wiflwT 

teorh id ihr arm nf Htnonral MuHrokgp and vhould i. Vrf 

intrtFviH ui ro inner nf ibe ClatoicaL Bamqur and Mtdin» 

The ji^KiintiBRit mil be madr «ilhin dir war £7320 to fun 

lundrr rnml " 

Funhn pomnilam ud applmtira bums boa Thr Sccmarv tv 
t'aivnviiv. K«ro. Walt Abrtoero AB9 IPX. -hh 
limb, a nip imi kh.uU be Indeed by 21 Aurug 1988. 

ii li aiimj Tr-arhm LngUMi 
to non I III MMlld Trl 010 34 1 
200 8804 Morning* nnlv 


“•■ext page 

— 24 

AS danficd advcnwanaiis 
can be accepted by tdephoiw 
(except Announcements}- Tbe 
deadline is S.00ptn 2 stays prior 
lopuWica!*on{ieSJMpm Mon- 
day for Wednesday). Should 
yon wish u send an adranira- 
rocni in writing phase indude 
your daytime phone number. 
PARTMENT- If yea fcre any 
queries or prtWam (dating to 
ymr advertisement once rt has 
appeared, plane contact oar 
Customer Services Department 
by IdepbOM on 01-4*1 4100. 


OUPnJEJpui. Happy Birthday! 
Happy Annhorsary! Happy 
new baby loert Love Syd 


whose spitting image wimpc 
me ol i nr Queen Elizabeth Hall 
on August 3rd? Vou’ve never 
seen a -tfiovv like IliM Ring Ol 
229 6i55 lo know more 

CALIBRE CV*S Lid PTOtewtnnai 
rumruiimi vllae documental 
Details. 01431 3388 
BREAKAWAY. London's rlub for 
proiPttioiul unatlairrwd people 
23-S3 Cber SOO nmb monl ti- 
ll 20 nr info lane. 99? 799J 
experienced chauffeur Con 
Iran work considered CIS 00 
per hour Tel Ol 289 0910 
FRtCNOSIUP. Loie or Mamw 
AU awn. areas Dateline. Dept 
■Qlbi S3 Abingdon Road. Lon 
don W8 Tel: Ol 938 lOll 
CAPITAL CV» prepare Mgh quail 
Lv curriculum inaes 01407 


Lb lawyer 17 Bu Isl rode SL 
London W1 Ol 48b 0813 




Warn you or your rEbtwes there m 
ttw ah? German T.V Network a 
. looking for homiMTHwes or 
phomwaphs (or a documenaiy 

01 437 7921 

in office hours. 

roller Ion. around the world 
with interesting or valuable 
watches We pay UMam cash 
roc fine examples working or 
not Telephone: 01 240 2343 or 
pod details to Mr Have. -*06 
Strand. London. WC2H ONE 



Wool mot Berters tram £335 per 
stj yd + VAT 80% wool Heavy 

Domestic WUton £13,85 per so yd 
+ VAT Corkopiast Wes HL7S per 

so yO + VAT S many other gnat 

207 Hanrstock Hffl 
Haqtstead 0fW3 

Teh 01-794 0139 

Free a&aafes-Expet! Ueg- 


4 berth luxury offshore 
Cruisers Normal retail price 
£45.950 + lat Three brand 
. new Cruiser* available al 
C5T.OOO + vai (or immediate 
demon. Demonstration A 
\ n-wtpg arranged Funner de- 
tails from Donei Yacni -Lid. 

Poole Tel. 0202474531 

Bnutlian Mahogany- dining I* 
Mrs m Ihe Sheralon 3 

Onpprndalr manner, made to 
clients speclOcallons. Lnllmlled 
rholre o( chairs, sideboard*, do- 
piav cabinet* 4 book cases 
hemmed nr Henley on 

Thames i049!i 441 MS. 

Boumemoulb i0202< 293680. 
TopHiam Devon IQ3938T1 

7443. Berkeley Clos <0463) 

FINEST auallly wool cfn-peU Al 
trade prices and under also 
available 100's extra Large 
room sue remnants under half 
normal pnre Chancery Carpets 
Ol 4<>5 0*63 

n« TMES 1 793-19*6. Ollier 
uttes at all Hand bound ready 
■nr pmentauon also 

-Sundays" £12 60 Remember 
When 01488 6323 
Slur light Exp. Chess. Ira Mb 
All Iheaire and sport* 

TH 821 6616 8384495 
A Ex Visa Diners 

BIRTHDAY DUE 7 Cave someone 
an original Times Newspaper 
dated iiw very day they were 
born Cl 2 50 0493 31303 
MAGNIFICENT panelled doors. 2 
pairs rxBrtgr&ve Sauare 104 
ins \ 41 in* £300 per pair TN 
01 935 606« 


Bolognese" TRS. suit commer 
rial use. a* new. *i or cost al 
CBOO Tel Ol 93B 6064 
SEATTmOEHS Any event inr Le* 
Mis. Cot enl Cdn. Surllghl Exp. 
Civ-iideboume Ol 828 1678 
Major rreriil card* 

American Fooiball Wembley 
sudiurn August 3rd Offers hi 
vilrd 0824 413397 





Together we can beat it. 1 

W- fund over one thirti of 
all research into the preven- 
tion and cure of cancer in 
the UK 

Help us by send mg a dona- 
uon or make a fegacjMCr 

Cancer 1 



2 C-irlinn House terrace. 
lOrpt TTZB/71, London SWlT 5AR 





with puces cheaper than nth 
ers sale prtrevwho needs a 

sue' ioos of upright* A 

Grands for sale /hire w|lh oo 
non no purchase plan from 
Cl 6pm 


Albans- Street- NWl 
01935 8682 
Arutlerv Pure. SE18 
01 854 4317 

cork vtueroyAElorti etc Wc beat 
Phi- peter AK& 093 a 784128. 



BEtCHSTEM. 6fl Grand Plano 
Rosewood Mo 42406 £3 JOOO 
ono OSl 928 7619 


Genuine rrcuatore, on over 
tOO new A restored instru- 
ments Unrivalled after sales 
-ass. ire Free catalogue 3G» 
Higngaie Rd. NWS Ol 267 
7671 Free catalogue 



COACH HOUSE 8 mb from 
Goodwood, on the roan. 3 dM 
nntv. 2 bath, fully mod Reni 
cooepw Trt Stdlesham (024 
3S6i 5779 

HOLIDAY PLATS 6 houses av alt- 
.10 If- C200-C3.000PW Personal 
Sen ire Ol -458 3480 Or 0836 
592834 anytime IT! 

CHELSEA. Convenient fit 1 bed. 
z rerep. k A b. Ci7Spw Free to 
end Sep 584 6697 


central London from £325 pw 
Ring Town Hse Apt* 373 3433 

qinei pb flat. 2 beds, newly dec 
orated' 1525 pan 738 2194. 

S HEM. prestige address Elegant 
re-rep. 3 bed flat. CH. washer. 
TV maid Tct 01-373 0753 


swig. 1870* Coach House 70 n 

Wl. Newly refurti flat 3 mm* Ox 

4 DAYS! 

To place your 



Trade admliw* plerae 

01-481 4422. 

Private Advertisers: 

01-481 4000 

(to your credit card 
to piece your advertising 


CATS, CHESS. Lea ML AU the- 
atre and soon Tel 63l 5719. 
657 1715 All n«W credit 

site Beautiful condition. Tel 
061 233 0881 061 231 6785. 

rwurmev. animats, nr warn 
m 01 883 0024 


Munich, Munich, Munich! / 
Special offer only £79 return / 

Price inclusive of all Airport and / 

Securitytaxes. /A 

Plusflightstoailtheother main /Mk [yj 




Save with Swissair* 
Super Apex. 
London to Zurichor 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 

flights. And daily 
flights to Basle 
(except Sundays). 
Bookand pay todays 
before departure. 
Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Sunday after arrivaL 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 


CENTRAL LUX flat CfieBea Lon- 
don. lips 3 Required similar 

v/roasa Dei on/ Corn wall 

approx 4 Augment 01 636 1901 

NWS Superb dot and gdn. 3 dbta* 
hedrm*. 2 bainiKB. sUtlng rm. 
dining rm. kit. avail 1 st August 
32n4 September £160 D w 
01 794 6566 

oardi-n Tube 300 yard*. Own 
large room. bath. CH. elr. (or 
lemalr i30m. £186 bctn exclu- 
41VC- Tel 01 499 8931. X 517 

WL2. 2 brdroomed first floor flat 
with all mod con*. Own large 
room Free-partuna- Good (hop- 
ping Cl 80-00 pern excluding 
MIH Tel 01 740 6793 inner 7 


ford st 2 dM bed*, reepu kit £ 
bath, -mower rm. w/marh. col 
TV rtr C325 p.w 01-328 

O R (<w N/S In smart Putney flat 
10 share wllh 2 professional 
women 17 August lo Chrt*t- 
ma* -86 Garage, garden. 
washing machine. double bed. 
15 min* from tube and BR 
C-lSOOpw Ol 491 1616 or 01 
789 7924 

WANTED Friendly outgoing re- 
mkhkiMc Prof F 25. n/i M*ta 
own room in comfortable 
flalNtare with other profs. 
SW1/3/ 5/7/10. W4/8/14 

avail immed Lhio£75pw Tel: 
Kathy 994 5727 anyUme 

W HAMP: N/b. share hm 2 bed 
nat with 1 other Lge dbl rm. 
Shwr/wb en ste Oos- tubes / 
chops Imtn leLESO 0 /w Inc 
930-1244 xl24 or 6356830 
TON Hopefully nr River Room 
£ Parking lor middle aged Moi- 
nes* man 3 NWhia per week 
Mil week* rate 0753 864709 
CHISWICK prof rel male reod lo 
share charming gdn (till near 
nier gwn room £210 pan. 
Trt 01 993 4367 
CLAPHAM nwix oommonsi. 
Prof M/F 20^. O/R In lovely 
flat Cl 50 pem ex Cl 481 6874 
Dav or 350 0899 Aller 7pm 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing 
Well cslan imrodurlory service 
Pise trt lor appt: 01-589 3491 
313 Bromplon Road. SW3 
HOUSE TRAINED Prof public 
school M !>;/». o/r in ww 
SWtl hw Cl SO CXC Ol 223 
4639 lafier 7 30pmv 
SW5 Lge able room either i per . 
son ,Mi lo ilure vnlh rotting 
occupant or 2 new people 
tlWocm 01 370 1663 after 6 
SWB lO mm* Sloane Sauare. 2 
. prof I n/v 18 - 22 . lo share lge 
able rm in mate. £38 ea Tel. Ol 
499 8644 i Lucy) 

share tg lux house, garden, o/r. 
n/v Cdb pw esccl 381 0196 
aller 6pm 

■ALHAM. Prof 20U M/F N/S. 
O/R In nat Ctee tube £150 
pern Ol 240 1464 IDAYI 
BROOK QUEEN W14 2 F Shr lge 
rm I my sunny rial nr lube, len 
un C30pw each. 01 562 9463 
lux mod flat O/R Garden 
C200 pem Inc 352 9432 
CLAPHAM. Prof person 26 + lo 
shr lge nse Cl 70 p.m ex cl Ol 
623 8864 EVES 
in spacMtM lux house £40 P“ 
exr 499 3561/673 3990 eves 
share lge dble room. £138 pent 
Trt Ot 937 4726 after 6pm 
KENSINGTON SW7. Own rm for 

female in luxury CH Ital Nr 
lubes C60 pw end 573 1431 
MA1DA VALE W9. F. lge lux o/r. 
nr lube C290 pcm inc Qi ass 
8866 Ex 3126 / 286 0270 
MS Prof F lo share (laL Q/R 
Nr Uibe C40Dwevc Tel.Ol 404 
5941 ext 304 before- 5-30pm 

Q Tel 01 -441-0122 24hr 


Sydney E«5 £699 

Auckland £415 £745 

Jo'Burg £306 £499 

Bangkok £209 £355 

Tel Aviv £135 £210 

New York £129 £320 

LOS Argeies £216 £389 

01-370 6237 


Beni Travel. Trt 01 385 6*1« 

Haymarkrt Ol 930 1366. 

SPAM, Portugal. Cheapest fare* 
BKmes 01 735 8191 ATOL 


room in elegant flat C6P-WJ- 

room in etegani ww-wn- 
ms C380 »cm ini 689 7824 
due rm in War 5 bed OL Pro* 
M/F CSODW Ol 587 4311x46 
SW12 prof M N/S lux 3 bed nai 
nr 1 1 me O/R «50 MTnexclOl 
676 0711 aller 8pm 
W*2s N/S Lge. sunny. O/R. in 
gdn flat Video, w/marh Inc 
C48pw nnn tcloi 749-4886 
Wl prof F O/R U1 snared flat Nr 
Bakers St CH C208 pw mccl 
01 724 6090 


More tow-cost flights 

i via more routes 

to more destinations 
•than any other agency 

Tut, export, hlgMtcft 

service ■ Free worfctwfde 
hotels car ti ire pass 
• ud to eo% dtecants 


Orta. Carta, Rhodts. Kos, ftnaBar 
emk MMdL TM JUgma. Hemrca 
Mk 2ate 

ZUMOMr E1B8 5739 

iJLlfifi August £199 £239 And £tS9 E2<8«ki nas qm 


2SL303I Asps EW9 £229 

VBL M and MUB Mtl Ihawy* 
■* (Mft bo" 6d*Kk. Luu vC 
Mwctents (Biki h nn «d nrt). 
M» SUUW am sol BroduK 

omly p m ct moil 

•a fip 

Tel: Leaden 11 SI 5456 
TetSMfieM 1742 331W 
Tat UMartaMw 061 834 5833 
ATOL 2834 





































■uTsmunsi 1 


01 486 9356 

ATOL 182i 

Nairobi Jo'Bnrg. Cairo. Dubai 
IstanbaL Singapore. K.L Delhi 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Eunqie. & The Americas. 
Ftamiino TrmtL 
76 Siafserimry Avhm 
looUm WlV7Da 
01-439 0102 
Open Saavriny UMMM3 j08 


Pans £69 ft YORK £275 

FranMuit £60 LA/SF £395 

Laqtra £320 U-om £320 

Nwoa E3ZS Sngawm £*20 

Jo Burg E460 Bangkok £335 

E20S Katmandu £U0 
DdlBcrn £335 Rangoon £350 

Hong Kong £510 CatGUtUi . £425 

Plaan cafl 
SUM 3 sum 
21 Draw a. Urtaa Wl 

K-4M 21BB/437 0537 

pean oetUnaUon*. Valexander 
Ol 402 42*2/0063 ABTA 

61004 ATOL 1960 


worldwide cheapen fare* 
Rlrhmoud Travel. I Duke St 
Richmond ABTA Ol 940 4073. 

HOY TURKEY. August avail 
Spend a week relaxing at our 
prtvale beam hotel, then a 
wwk miteing on our vachi ror 
C450 Inc m. H/a free 
wAporu. other cornnlnatlona 
pcm 01 326 1006. 

YUM5M. Perfect beaches Tor 
sour vummer holiday Call for 
our brochure no w T unisian 
Travel Bureau- 01-373 4411 


Ouh and First BCSTFARE 01 
394 1642 AJk» 1400 

Ai s r cu 'l I E R S OH night* hofc 
la Europe. LSA A mow destina- 
tions Diplomal TTavrt: Ol 730 

ALICANTE, Faro. Malaga etc. 
Dlmond Travel ATOL 17B3. 
Ol set 464|. Horsham 68641 

AUS5K. N-Z . south Africa. 
LSA. Hong Kong. Best Fares: 
01-493 7775 ABTA 


Travel. 50. Red Lion ST. WC1 
Ol 405 1495 ABTA/1ATA 

FUgni* Faldor 01-471 0047 
ATOL 164a ACCeM/Vte*. 

SYD/MCL £618 Perth £545 All 
rnawr nmm to ALS NZ 01 
584 7371 ABTA 

SOUTH AFRICA Jo-burg (ram 
C46S 01 684 7371 ABTA 


01 434 0734 Juptler Travel. 


I T.C Open Sal 0763857036. 


29 July. 2 Aug lo Oct Olrert 
Fils, active A relaxing hate, on 
unspoilt bie>. boat inn, BBO'v 
A Boo. For Solo n & FanillMS. 
Lunarsrape Ol 441 0122 



MENORCA villa*, some with 
pools apartment*, uvema*. all . 
daiec avail Juij- spcelate- high 
Mvutn from Cl 23 Crtitr hoii 
. days Ol 309 7070 A 0632 
677071 Or 0632 67TQ716 <J4 
hrvi a tot 1772 

MENORCA. Private Hobday 
hoircs Far Auguti A late sum 

m«T ataijabiMy call RaincJA 

WlklMood Lid 02*9 8 17033 or 
01 6586732 ABTA AMU 1776 . 

MCE. Lowest lairs Ir C99 
Biggie* 735 8193. AIM 1895 


CO RFU VILLAS We sun nave 
availaouity Sunday 1024,31 
Aug rot 2 wte- Beminits villas 

nr the bearh ex CMtirtck. pan 

world HoHdays. 01 73a 2562 

CREECE. LrapolH bland*. CMOS 
(tights. VHia rental* rtf Zrtte 
Holldai-* Ol 434 1647 AMI 

RHODES Line apart hob from 
Ci 89pp. so 7. 6 S- Sirama. 
0706 868814 

The most beautiful place 
you-ve newer heard of ... 





villa wiin pool steen 6/8- Au- 
gust. avail flights M/er or Lon 
or rental only. Resort VUtea 061 
833 9094 ABTA ATOL 


villa with pool sleep* 6/8. Au- 
gust avaiL nights M/cr or Lon 
or rrnlal only Resort vitu* 
061835 9094. ABTA ATOL 

Holiday* of distinction for the 
very lew Tel: 01-491 0802. 73 
SI Jammu Street. Swi 

ALOAHVE. Lux v-lIUte wllh pool* 
A apt*. Avail Jul/OtL 01 409 
2838 villaWortd. 

ALOAHVE. Villa* with pools. The 
Villa Agency 01-834 8474 


NR MARMELLA. Owing cancrtia- 
Uon- *x/rtlent sunny villa nr 
in. Sbh 4 Avail 6-29 Aug. 
CIBOpw Trt Ol 660 1667 

MAMOLA. Lux vn la* wKh 
boms. Avail July to Oct Ol 409 
2B38 vniawortd. 



TURKEY- tndusfve holidays 
available. 5. 12. 19 Aug from 
C269 Turkish DeUght Hod- 
daw Ol 891 6469t24hra). 

ATOL 2047 . 



47 Rasoits at Smtzoianit 
■ Astra Franc* i toy. 

The Swesf ChoKS On Sktsl 
Ex Gatnct Won. Mmhsstar, 

01 785 2200 

HandL Daps. M22 78121 
ABTA 16723 ATOL 1232 

SKI WEST bumper brochure oul 
now packed with an the top re 
sons. Sunday nights < beat the 

I rat Util and amaxmgiy low 
pnres starting al £69. Ring <011 

pnres starting al £69. Ring 
786 9999 for your copy 
ABTA69236 ATOU383. 


FALMOUTH. Luxury collage and 
flats Superb harbour and nvrr 
sate pusinfM*. Near beaches 
Unen provided. Streps up to 6 
Tei 0326 315729/312388 

DERBY 5HiRE - LMque period 
* r rial in nudoclc wirksworih 
64ta 4 10629821 2681 4949 


LOW COSY FANES 10 L 35. A. Ma- 
wr Travel 01486 9257 IATA 

1111 Travrtwtee Abta AIM. 

Wor Turkey 12 berth crewed 
motor yacht .2. wks fr £425 pp 
me nil Whole boat available 
other wrek» from £1000. Free 
W/soorts. h/b. Ol 326 1006. 


hreakusi and self catering in 
country house on the banks Of 
the River Wye Canblng. fishing 
A trekking. 4 mHes from fam- 
ous bool Town of l-tpy-on-wye 
zy*B allowed From ca.OO per 
. person per night .Tel.- 0#97a 


ONE MONTH icniporanr oaugn 
mem cCltJSOO- Our client- a 
Kensington b^sed holding com 
pany. seeks a secretary to Win 
mkl. August lo mk)-&eptetnber 
100/80 skills and Wang WP 
needed. PMtee Irtenhone Fiona 
on 01 240331;. Elizabeth Hunt' 
Recruitment Consul Unb 



A vina. a pool and a-beauuful 
view What more coukl you 
want? Choose from Tuscany. 
Sardinia or RavetM the loveft- 
er pans of Italy where the mass 
market operators douT go- Or~ 
eombtnr a vina boilday with a 
slay in Vrntfe. Florence or 
Rome Free brochure from 
Magic of Italy. Dept T. 47 Shep- 
herds Bush Green. WI2 8PS 
Trt. 02 749 7449 (24 tm» 


SW3. seek* p i secretary aged 
3040. Business a personal cor 

regutred. Salary negoimbie. Re- 
ply wllh CV to BOX 017- 

<Kal wtih PR in >mart frtendty 
office near Regents Park 01 
784 0848 

SECRETARY /PA wllh tnmatlve 
regutred for London Wine Men 
chant SW4. FindMo hours. 
Telephone OL 622 7487 

domestic a catering 



requires tar staff to fa one 
of their rare vacancies. 
Monday to Friday only, 

tunemtma and one evening 
per week to 7.30. Excefent 

salary. Sfcntisr eaperienoe 
useful, (merest h vrirte and 
tood important 

Ptana contact 
Tiffany Walker on 
01-248 1121 

EXPERIENCED Resident Cook 
General wanted Holland Park 
area. 5 in ramify, own roam A 
T\ 2 days off a week. 3 weeks 
Itol pa- £90 uw Good refer 
cnees essential. 01 727 8168 

COOK /CHEF Knowledge . of 
French cooking required. £150 
weekly * good accomodation 
Fry Staff Consultants Aldershot 
Tel 0252 516369 


87 Repent Strert-London Wl 
Tel 439 6634. LK Oversea*. 
Also m -betas (fonts temp perm 


srreenpuys for American irte- 
Vtefam. Psyetwiogical / social 
, su Meets preferred. ■ E 
Hernandez. PfuD i70S) SW8- 

PROF ES SI O N Al vbus- London 
regularly Knows LSA well 
will constder any viable propo- 
killpn E- Hernindei P*h.D 
17031 948^060 ‘LSA i 
25 YEAR ok) female seeks env 
bfoymeni overseas Sound 
secretarial experience Reply to 


general appointments 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled flights 
01 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

SICILY £24*. M the weu-appolnl 
rd tu HOTEL In secluded 8*y 
ot sanraiessw. only 7 miles 
from ihe Megani imernaUoiul 
r<**on of TAORMINA Price 
Inrl 7 tugfib nail-board in twin 
room, return daytime Catwick 
flu. every Tuesday pool A Drt 
vale nearh. transfer* A airport 
tax no hidden extras. SJ CH- 
IAN. SLK LTD 01 222 7452 
o V. C395 rtn C695 Auckland 
o m 0120 tin C785 Jo'burg 

0 w £306 tin t499 Los Ange- 
mow uiS nn C4©6 London 
Flight Centre 01 370 6532 

New York C269 L-A C3B9. To- 
romo £269 JIAlTO £495. 
NairoM «75 Sydnej- C689 
Alirkland £749 Dartalr 130 
Jetmvn Siren Ol 839 7i«4 
day service* through Mocoeean 
bound travel me Moroccan Sue 
riausiv Got t licenced and Abta 
bonded Tel 01 734 6307 

LATIN AMERICA, low cost 
niqnis eo Rto C480 Lima 
£495 nn Also Small Croup 
HainU) Joumoyvieg Peru 
Item LSSO) JLA 01 747 3108 

1 S.\ 6 Albert ra. Mid and Yx 
tau s Africa Tras-vale 48 
Marodict SireeL wt 0* 680 
2928 -kiM Accepted! 

N YORK Miami LA Cheapest 
lat-e* on nuwr l 6 scheduled 
ratiMT* Also IraiiMlIantic 
charter. A n«hh to Canada Ol 
684 7371 A BTA 

(ot Australia- Nut Middle cast. 
India. FAr East «TA Club Air 
Trasrt -01 029 2684 
Mnj/SrM avdUabitils '0923i 
771266 Tims way Holidays 
\BT1 -VTOl H07 

TAKE TIME OFF lo Pan*. Am 
aerdam Brusseta. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne A Dieppe Time Off 2a. 
Chester Close London SW1X 
780 Ol 236 8070 

SECURITY GUARD tar private 
no use In London Suitable for 
former nremO*r of the Police or 
Armed Forces. Apply « writing 
aucniion S M T- Brrcner ft 
Co 70 Breen SUM. Wl 


couple Idfcegurtb in lh«r MJU- 
Iilul 2 Mar notel. Subero French 
rurane New swimming port. 
Colour brochure Tef-OJO 53 W 
91 61 31 


driv ing or have a lhotorblW>-we 
need you 1° wm our wmii pro 
vidmg 0 specwiW Courts 
service lo me fashion Prefe 

Graduates oped 21 preferred 
Trtephone Ol 720 0914 or 01 


Parson Rowed tomtm ftp 3 
months to n«i r ttw busy shoo 
$aias Dthca. Gensrai office fluoss. 
taupwrt jnd deting Mth teta- 
pmne erevnes Salary at 19 and 
(Mr £ft453w retatfl For hiflyr 
rtomaton nOflAMM GiMMi Ol 






tan dwatf a*W a fta cte 

Vfla. nen ante last irwyte. w> 
have probably ttw finest satemon 
ui the Mafitenanean. on Corfu. 
Crete. Pros. Atovo. Souhrf 
France. Italy - on fifl teach or wan 
pool All haw fiad. some a tm*. 

Pros’ From tt« very Kyenstve ro 

the serpnsnoly rnoMst! 


43 Cadogas Snal 

whh a staff of over 200 reotn* a eompeMBt and expenoned 
person to lake chaise of their Office Adruiniswaiion and Pu- 
sonnei work, reponin® io ihe Head of ffiiusce and 

01-581 0351 / 01-584 8883 
(589 8132 -24 hr 
bracts re sente) 


Dunes cover all aspens of office irmagemem and while per- 
sonnel qua li ficati on s are an advantage, more important is the 
abtlnv to work at all levels and to haw an undemanding of 
how a buy braking office and ns individuals operate. 

The successful applicant tnff be M plus, fora an imcmauorai 
outlook, the ability to gel things done, and will be increasingly 
involved ip ihe day io day running of the company. 

Salary c£20,000 pins good fringe benefits. 

LUXURY VILLAS with ooofc and 
Moll Hilt avAil south of France 
Marnciu. .ugarveteyM lndl« 
Conliuenral \ ilia* 01 2A» 9181 

Apply in the first instance to 
BOX G66. 

dM M M twsdootog Thmss. Lu* d«»op- 
TTPW y^!l rodfTfro Owe sW-Eiranw 

Si S5W 2 ted to mflt 

RLI ()< AT 'IN(;? 

Be Bright 

( hoose 


I lie l.i-uin” \»vnt 

*> Heath Slrcet 

Hampstead 1 ifl-iut NW.! 

Tel: 704 1125 

ARMMIS BREEN Sroaft. nfre» 
am audio nw in private hotter 
tar Upgw prof«s»qi wi y oung 

man. Bedroom, bam awl Uny 

kitchen. CH. Tel. CSO p* Tel 

Ol 736 1179 


SdUttRS BREEN. ftjttM 
tea Close shonunq CMWL4 

tedmg.2bate ; 3rec«.S«Br 

ibl Dttejoe. Sdni SK5 m 


otootattg sq -tovrtljr penod hse. 
2 bedrms, recep. k i h. 
Ian terace. 225 pm. 
CUffiM. PBMar area. 2 


perlmre and 4 ocalllvr- 
pmonamy? I* your consider . 
able recruiting «wmenc«- 
romraiimnu and drive to gam 
you lot) satisfaction and finan- 
cial rewards. Seerrtarars Pius 
and Word Pi us are 2 specialist 
division* and a consuiianl » 
needed for each tn the Wm End 
due to eepanstatt. Salary 
Cl 3. 000- cj 5.000-*-+ can Lw> 
OCfl OO 439 7001 

detached house- ftne Mew IO 
rains drive tube. Huge Uvlng 
rm. mature tatutecancd gdn. Lge 
kttrncn breakfast *m- Gas CH. 
2 garages ample Parking. 
CtTSXMO end. 01-960 1368 

ir— ? | Quraishi 
L--* L Constantine 

in pfime London aruos 
270 Fartx Com Hoad. SWB. 


MercadBS Benz main 
dealers. Underwriters 
for late and low miJe- 
age Mercedes. 


vmiretL 2 double bedroom*. 2 
reception*, bathroom with w c 
vperate cloakroom. Near tube 
and buses. £360-00 per week. 

a let ooty. Phone Monday 
in-day laoo am 8.00 pm 
Ol 381 6109 

MAYFAIR styttaMy dcNgned 2 
bed -flat In small Work with un. 
brand new ktl all mnehmes. 
bath ft shower co torar IM 

COSO pWOodtlanf ft SRKUtOI - 
930 7321 


-,-iro liter 

tsa. We havra large refection of 
luxury L23.i bedroom flats 
with maid service. Interior de- 
signed and centrally located. 
Angela William Ol 268 3659 

OTY 2 bed AM m new sorlMh de- 
iMopment with ornate terrace, 
parking and alarm system Oa 
tong let C250 pw 
Goddard ft Smith 01-930 7321 

FHRJNEACH rams, SWB. Very 
pleasant fum a/ctut*. suxtm ft 
X bedrm -£1 IO mr. 2 bedim*, 
batedny £180 pw. each with 
Inge, k ft b. let ent/pbone- 
cemtn ganL Co let. Telephone 
01 720 6212 Wannatk. .- 

MARBLE JUICH-FMty furouned 
mews cottage, culet location. 2 
d»l* bed*. I recep. Idt diner, 
tumrodm and 2 w.c'S. £360 ohr 
week- Tel Ol 286 8230 . 

awta.Sbff contained, nrwfydec 

orated- folly equipped i- bed 
fttt C99 pw Trt. 011570 6384 
.between 9 JO £pm 


CD RNICN E FHC. TB. met setae. 
Special mi. 57.000 m. Outstand- 
ing- ClfLSOQ 0272 S7S646. 


fSUNCTON Uoony. OeorgUn 
House 4 storeys, tog*, dining 
' rot. minstrel gallery, library al- 
cove. 3 beds, study. 3 bam ft 
mod Mint. CH. Roofjidn. natig 
nan. «u nr Antiques centre A 3 

underground stations. £l7S0w 

Watford 30618 

EAUNC Spacious 4 Md flat 2 
mins from Ealing common 
. lube. Gdn CH- sun young pro- 
tamlonals- Available- NOW 
CI60 nw 244 7333 

937 MSI The number lo remem- 
ber when seeking best, rental 
properties tn central ana prime 
London arras Cl60/caxi00pw 


lux fiats nouMK -caoo nooo 

vr Lsual fees red. Phillip* 

HAMMERSaamt suporo 2 bed- 
room. furnished matedneUe 
with panoramic view* over rtv 
er. £226 per week. 6 mfioUM Jet. 
. renewable Trt: 'Ol 731 3266 

WJLONDOH. Superior del. famtty 
- home. 3 rocepv. 5 beds- 2 baths, 
ggc. gdn. JtiaoCftw 01 5B6 

1 4W Superb new 2 Bedroom flat 1 n 

'block. ‘Dble Rerep. FMW Fitt 

(Of. 2 Bairn. Bakduy. fdOOow 

rtttow HOAD , Maaonene - 3 
' - Beanm. 2Rammte& Roof Twr- 
. race to be -let - 1 st come.-lst 

Kit. 2 Bams. Bairony. £dOOm 
Allen. Bales ft Co 499 1608 

serve. £900 per month. Co let 
not required Trt. Ol 731 5191 

Rl i-.bedt flat w.«ertod~ tee. 
rereo. IW ft bOfti. good value 
WOO pw Den ha m ft Rmn 
01 938 3622 

FART-THMC Secretary /PA with 
exceptional shills and outstand- 
ing telephone atrfftty required (0 


HURHLK ARCH. Cxcetiehl 2 bed 
mate. Lge reception, fully fid Kit 
ft Balh. Tastefully (urn ft dec 
1 51 Class value ai £200 pw 933 

BARNS. Exert lent Oat 30 share, 
own room, all UrtllUes Rent 
negotiable: Ol 225 323B 

death 16th April 1986. MABEL 
WOGWAY Dale of death 14th 
Novohtbn- 1986. ADDRESS 32 
Athol Road. -wtiaUcy Range. 
Manchesler 16 . 

Reiailves please- eoqtart- Mr M. 
Goodwin of a If ford * Co. SoHct- 
tors. 477 Bartow Moor Road. 
Chonion. Manchester M21 -2AC 
Telephone 061 861 0131 

RUTLAND- - CATC- Superb 2 
Bed roomed. 2 Bathe. 1 Receti'. 
Kit with all machined. £476pw 
for Immediate long Co. tat Al- 
len Bales ft Co 499 1666 

very good flats m housed. Long 
or short lets. 937 4999 cTY 

melsca immac lux md. balco- 
ny. dhte bed. recent, lift porter. 
Cl 96 pw Long let 622 3823 

SLOAHE ST, SWI Lnfurn Ral 4 
Beds. 2 Baths. Shower Rm 2 
Rereps. Kit. £17jOOoa. FftF 
: Sale al value 49g 9981 Eves 
870 4703. 

[ CLEAN BEDSITS, share balh ft 
I - Miroerv from £40 pw 01 - 6 B 6 
7676 Rental Guide ' 1 


VICTORIA Siwckxte 3 Bed flat In 
good location, dose-transport ft 
. w End. Suit. 4 Sharers al 
CSOpw each. i£aooow». Bu- 
. chanans 3Si 7767 

FAMILY HOUK^bcdrms. wash 
er. nr Transport. £127 pwOi 
I 883 3457 Express Rentals 

.. aresn . 01-686. 7576 Rental 
Guide open UI 9pm . . 

ai *» a dcfcT 


Bates A Company have a urge 
selrctlon ot flat* ft hduics avail- 
ante ror 1 weeke Iran £ 200 pw 
499 1665. . 

FULHAM RD, SWB. Super 1 dbta. 
hedrmd flat Nabfial mn- C 120 
pw WULiams ft Son 947 3130 

W. HAMPSTEAD 1 bed lux 1*1 fl 
flaL in mansion block Lgr 
Lnge. K&B. Srfuatcd w/ena 
Lane. 6 mins lube LLSOpw Co 
tat. .01 386 2663 

Week io3 Months from ttOOto 
C3.000 pw 01 937 9681 

tSUMGTUW Lireury garden flat u> 
quiet gwglten terrace - -U38 
PW Tel <0380811391. 

WL Lnusuai sunny i bed apt- 
pretty rccep. wtih sloping wall* 
and open plan kit iw/mk new 
balh. £186 pw Benfuun ft 
Reeves. 01-938 3322 

lem spacious well furnished 3 
bed garden tint 01-603 9466 

pursuant to section 688 of the 
Companies Act 1983. Dial a Meet- 

Companies Act 1983. aval a Meet- 
ing of uw Credliww of the above- 

named Company win be hold al 
30 Migtisaie west Hill. London 
N6 6DA on Wednesday. Ihe 30Ui 
day of July (986. or 12 oTmck 
noon. (Or the purposes mentioned 
Bi sections 589 ana-390 of ihe 
aw Act _ 

Dated tws i8u> day or Jtdy 

By Older of me Board. 

AMERICAN BANK urgently re 
quart luxury (tats ana Muse* 
from C2O0 £1.000 pw Ring 
Burgees Estate Agents 681 6136 

ttWtoBTON. Brand new lux 
mata. 1 dm bed. tgereC. wi din- 
er. £173 pw Wrt. 01-958-2593 

AV AB JVB LE NOW Luxury flats ft 
IMIttO*. Chelsea. Kntgbte&ndge- 
Betgravia. C200-C2000pw 
Trt- Burgess 881 9156 

ao PUNS cmri un 2 bed-oan 
flat. CH Cl 20 per wertLSuU 
3/4 Trt«l 986-9424 level* 

NIB 4 bed house, central beating. 
9W MM BR. XU7a per 
'rook Trt 303 4545 

largesetectloii of luxury proper 
lies for kmo/short term rentals 
from C2O0DW Ol 933 8969 . 

NWib i bedroom flats with gar 
tiro, phone £80 pw TctOL-883 
3457 Express- Rentals 


pursuant to section 588 of IM 
Companies Act 1985. that a Meet- 
ing of Ihe Credliora of the above- 
named Company will be held al 
GO Htghgaie west Hill. London 
. N6 60 A. on Wednesday, the 3QRi 

CLAPHAM. sparkius newly dec 
1st fir mat*. 2 dbta beds tsip* 3). 
recop. Ml. balh. Clio pw Ol 
671 0649 Alter 6pm cT* . 

family house, a beds, garden. 
C200 pw ncg. Mane Carter 01 

nr Tube, redeco- 
C31 nw Inclusive 01-883 
3467 Express Rentals 

«***“ OATKSWT x bed t/ftax 
nai avail now £ Mins Tube 
U60PWUW1 864 OTW™ 

any or July 1986, 21 10-30 
o'eioet. in me toe moon, for the 
purposes mentioned In sections 
689 and 590 of the said Act 
DATED Ihte 18th day Of July 

By Order or the Board. 


KNrtUrriBRWOEs immaculate 
Mews hotter 2 dbl bed*, patio. I 
'■ halite Long -snort tats fr 
£395 p/w 01 684 7330 
nwu luxurious tang/ snort let 
apis iwl/iyr 1/8 beds Best 
once*, w T P Ol 956 9612 
SWI Modern House ip good loco- 
uon. 3 Beds. Dow Reception. KH 
- 2 Baujrm* U75pw Alien 
Bate* ft Co 499 1663 

QUEENSWAY WZ Quiet 3 bed 
Ine^ellent Moot Inr NW ft 
. CH C200 pw QI 741 Q731 - 

‘ f’jdrm itig. *uit 
«ru»te. pbdne t8l pw 01-883 
5467 Express Rentals 

S n?. ^^^ WTTM TEXXFtfOfWC, 
oa* CH From C7S pw 686 
7S76 Rental Guido - 

Contact Rirtmrq or Micx: JOavtt 
l^ootfe ft- Co 402 73S1 


CoBtEQNed from pdge 23 

Join this inienutional comput- 
er company a* secretary/ 
admlnlstraur in fnarkatlag 0 ft- 

cratioiw. Tht* Is on tnterwung i 
and varied position with coiwd- 
crabta cllrnl llatsoa SUpero 
off tern and excellent prospects. 
100/60 Akllls and WP experi- 
ence needed. .Please telephone 

ORQANtSfNC sill general office 
admtA. UWntf <5*re of cfiamtlrtfl 
MD of weU-csliffiUshed -Stoane’ 
Proprrti' Group win be a toy to 
wtf- motivated PA 234sn with 
weil-Mtanced priorttta*. Non tal- 
on ir shorthand, good Audio 
root a tot of to Very happy. ln- 
roi-nsai group c Ciaooo * 
fringe bens. Joyce Guinns 869 

8807/0010 iBff Cons). 


01 240 36li/365l iWost Endi 
or Ol 240 3661 'CtijT.OBapet it 
Hum Rerrunmem Consul unis 


c CIOjOOO Bnghi. young, en 
ihuslastK person with . good 
-wreuiw oacfcground intmedf 
atari required for small 
rrmnimeni coosuliano' local 
ed.m vvec End Much of. the 
work tmotvr* cHeni and appo- 
ram roman The successful 
candidate will also provide * 
supporting secretarial rota to 
■uo COMuiiams Telephone Ol 
439 3389 

for matac (atj‘ Computer Co 
Person wtih wvotr fairs, fknd 
Ota -approorn and enquiring 
mind to enable general offier 
ran I rot Seme typing, lot Of 
Trl/Rrrept Organising mart, 
equipment, panics, rtc Good 
organttfr-rapabN* wrutromran 

hWi prestige, low pressure 
opening within mu sal ten 
KnlghUOrtage company A* PA 
lo oirecior you- woihandle gen- 
eral all-round duties while 
amoving a relaxed, unhumed 
environment Accurate skills 



CiGOOD Jom Mb ven- success- 

■ (ui roroputer company os 
tfcrrun loft. director .Youu 
use vonr fliNDt French datri 1 ar 

. iou iiatae with' Pans and BrtH- 
I. »cH telling up JBreunjK and . 

ilairino wttn clients on nn be 

■ naif 90/wr .««»■ needed. 
Pkw - tetaphoue Ol 240 

■ 361 1/3331 iWe* Endi or 01 
2405631 tCte-L EttDbrth Hunt 
Becruwneftl ■ConsuUAnu. 
RECEPTIONIST ««300 - urgent 
Ji requiirtt by prestigious LSA 
D«Wtehlng comnany. Based m , 
liw heart of Covenl Carden you i 
. wtn «HOi* MS Of loo variety ana 
inlereu w an excellent working 
povi c oflmftH Some typing re 

queued <45wpmL Age 19* 
Pfrata call 01*495 3787 Got 
don vale* Consultancy 
Bt-LHfC ReCepttanWSre <Ger 
mare r£SUKU PresUgmu* , 
OiamaiM Merchants aller at ; 
irariive poftlMn involving 
Commrriial. KHrphonc itabon I 
ana PA support Skills 80/50 i 
ravenlUl ,C|ll Bps Smith 283 l 
1836 1 RW Recruuwmi 


FRENCH -W dwraSI WrMvr 2 
out sanding iMawwifer bt-un 

tnwl vorretanesmOu-eclor tavii I 

for in tar national Cot based In 

Swi Secretary for 3 execu- 
tive*. Good Ktapnon* manner 
common sense and accuracy 

Experience wtiji wp 

■ApcKot/Wordsian an aavan 
iaw>. but wlU irate Nonamottar 
onh- CaH Susie on 01-630 
5«Aa. No agencies 
BI LINGUAL SEC C&jrso. Over- 
jea; dlvuum of large Qty 

able personal Ry c tiO/X» ■* 
fringe hem. Joyce Culn«4 01 
689 8807/0010 i Roc Const 
LOVE TO UE Bf7-«CB3B0*C0i 
lege loafer or itmtor ver sought 
fn Chairman** Office of leading 
ik pit Hours i lam lo 7nnrdat 
lv hUDcra training oroumr 
working . rksrty- with 
Ch-urnun 1 * PA on aspects ot 
MP tkiMnre* life GoddtMUsra 
tatmai <90/601 Age 1 8-21 
Ptaave telephone 01-493 3787. 
Gordon Yam GanRiUano* 

2nd jobber;' 20S. Wllh a wed 

education including English and 
spelling. Min o months exp- 
Will -spread wings .wllh (hi* 
cheerful pwim prooerii' 
group Some audio. ttcKUng 
'phope< meeting and green ng 
cl lent* and a general wom-soir 
II CBOOO * fringe ben* JWCf 
Oul new 589 8Q07/0010 <P« 

trading Co need See wiia audio 
<* SH hnowtadflo of . French 
n* farts, of fnvotvamenl Will 
cotHider college leaver Cau 
wan- Graves 01-637 asm Rec 


FMOWn/TcNKle company re 
auire your numeracy and 

rr*S‘ h, .S? TB * n 1 French me- 

1 *. l>t> ,. for BfB, Unique Jratnlng 


nuw Va S'i Sr^ Wo<>9<? ReCTUJl 
me m 689 8 8S 

W" pWWy**Bni SEC UO- 
. ur.000 M tacrcttoy/pA 10 
Um eronoodM you win iKo » 
' _ u IHT rs *}f9 rote wnieti In- 
clude* being me liaison -between 
*S£^««E£2rtana we LK 

- ^Sn^ji ^ru' A * CX ‘ S Pwronnel at 
439 2777 

«Ht)eC MAWA B ER /■ p A 

C£1 1.000 Wl Th*«m5l**to£ 
an supervtston for ihts resooitei- 
ntarota^ Aclln apA n» mr are 
MD and admUuure the daHy 
running of the oifloe. Good ty®. 

JS?JS455Si A*®* Personnel 
01-439 2777 

tailor or te 
nnr Hotel grouo require* see lo 

m IU IS5SSf" 01 

j;*^ Of liafcon with diepl* 
Somev/n Jnr rr.200. Snr 10 
Personnel 01 

UteAL FA c Eiusoa aiy prae 
Sec with min 2 
vejrv rommemu exp (g warti 
at partner knrt wiu delegate. 
•h , ;p1j’* M eniaiid citeut conata 
5°“ i 13 ^ Crave* 01 637 5277 
Rrc Cons 

OFFORTimmr rose m you 
wiM he • Mri . encouraged ^o 

- perxue a career in DeraomJi 

Pjwtuon 4nrtudw W uwS^” 
amounl of admin ana. turan 

Rtahhiono End language & *ec 
xun* c-nrnuai Brtarv.WLflOO- 

C3 1 .000 art* Morrow Crop An 
erne La itou ioe "Special tsai 336 

rTbe La nog Me "Special tSOJ 
1437 . 


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de«- Good *. atrnw . 

Bright future for br 
Can Man- Qrnn 6. «« oa/ 

kit von% ... 


9Q/S0 Language* cb 
O f client Halve. 

Mtow* ft funoioiis. C 
Free lunches Call Nau 
Agy Ol 736 9837 -- • - ; 

- orgutiw ihts-co's 
celebration and ora. 

Dert* of PR. second 


01 459 2777 


casoo 1 

approx 80--- admfn/BO*. - - 

• safc*wa-.« . 
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h/h trod £8.300 AitnSrpS? 
•tannel 01 -*59.2777 

C nag. a 
Carrefgqr AOy 


Law Report July 28 1986 





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Regjn v Peterborough City 
ConncO. Ex parte Quietlynn 

Regina v Northampton Bor- 
ing® Council, Ex parte Ranj e * 
-Keg®* v Worcester City 
GauncfLEx parte Same 

Regitta v Bir mingham city 

Council, Ex parte Same 
Regina > Tonbridge Wells 

/. Same 

Regina t Cheltenham Borough 
Connell, Ex parte Sam e 
Before Sir John Donaldson, 
.. Masterof the Rolls, Lord Justice 

- Purchas and Lord Justice 
• Stocker 

i [Judgment given July JO] 

■*.. •• When considering what was 
“the relevant locality** for the 
purposes of paragraph 
12(3)Cd>m of Schedule 3 to the 

- Local Government (Miscella- 
. ; neous Provisions) Act 1982 in 

. connection with an application 

■ fora licence to use premises as a 
■- -sexshop, the local authority had 

, to look at the premises and the 
area surrounding them; the 
locality thus identified might 
have a mixed character. 

A locality did not need io be 
; defined by drawing boundaries 
on a map. . 

The foci that local authorities 
might be in a position to grant 
licences to persons who bad 
applied after the appointed day 

- (when ibe Schedule was to come 
into effect) before considering 

.applications made before the 
appointed day was a situation 
which Jiad not been in the 
contemplation of Parliament 
when enacting the Act, and the 
: paragraph was to be construed 

- in accordance with its plain 
-terms,.' . 

■ "The Coon of Appeal so held 
. when giving judgment on ap- 
, peals by the applicants. 

Quietlynn Ltd, against the re- 

- -fusaJ by Mr Justice Forties on 
February 22. 1985. to grant 

■ judicial review by way of certio- 
rari to quash the refusals by the 

- respondent local authorities to 
grant them . licences for sex 
establishments under Schedule 

- 3 to the 1982 Act. 

- The court allowed the appeal 
in the case of Cheltenham 
Borough Council, but dismissed 
the appeals in the other cases. 

- Mr -Mark Warwick for the 
. applicants; Mr Harry Sales for 
, Peterborough City Council. 

Tunbridge Wells Borough 

Council and Cheltenham Bor- 
. ough Council: Mr John HugiN, 
'QC and Mr Charles Cross for 
—Northampton Borough Council; 

. Mr John Hugillf QC and Mr 

; Mark Lowe for Birmingham 
City Council: Mr Michael 
Suppemone for Worcester City 

ROLLS said that the dis- 
cretionary grounds for refusal of 
a licence included, m paragraph 
12(3> of Schedule 3 to the Act 
“(d) thai the grant or renewal of 
a- licence would be inappro- 
priate, having regard — (i) to the 

locality:': .TV. 

Subparagaph (5) .provided 

siting sex shops 

that “ ‘the relevant locality* 
means — (a) in relation to 
promises, the locality where they 
are situated: **. 

There was some difference of 
opinion whether it was nec- 
essary to define the locality to 
which those subparagraphs re- 
ferred and communicate the 
derision to applicants before the 
hearing of the application and 

define the locality in 
written reasons for any rcfusaL 

The statute directed the local 
authority to consider the locality 
m which the premises were 
situate. Common sense dictated 
that the relevant character was 
that of the surroundings, but not 
necessarily the immediate 
surroundings, of the premises. 

If the premises were on the 
edge of a pie-determined local- 
ity. either the local authority 
would have to ignore the adjoin- 
ing locality or it would have to 
have regard to the character of 
more than one locality. 

Neither approach was 
contemplated by the statute and 
both were avoided if the local 
authority looked at the premises 
and considered the area 
surrounding those premises. 

Pre-determined localities 
would probably be homoge- 
neous in character, but the 
locality in which those premises 
were situated might well have a 
mixed character. That did not 
seem to bean artificial approach 
or to lead to difficulty in 
defining the character of the 

His Lordship would also re- 
ject the submission that the 
locality needed to be defined in 
terms of drawing boundaries on 
a map. The statutory concept 
was very simple, and there was 
no justification for that legalistic 

Parliament bad reasonably 
assumed that all premises could 
be said to be situated in a 
locality, a common expression 
which did not carry with it any 
connotation of precise bound- 
aries, and that that locality 
would have a chancier. 

The local authority should ask 
itself as a Jury, “What is the 
character of die locality in which 
the premises are situated?” or, 
as the case might be, “What 
number of sex establishments is 
appropriate for this locality?”. 

They were simple questions 
which invited relatively simple 
answers, and those answers, not 
a definition of boundaries, 
would form the basis of the 
reasons for refusal which should 
be given- to "the applicant’ when " 
the ground of refusal was para- 

The complaint in the Peter- 
borough appeal was that the 
local authority took as the 
relevant locality an area one 
third of a mile in radius from St 
Augustine's Church, that the 
church was 150 yards from the 
applicants* shop and that the 
relevant locality should have 
been defined using the shop as 
the centre of the rirde. In fact 
the church bad been used (re- 


For the reasons given there 

appointed day. 

Having reached the conclu- 
sion that that was a lacuna 
caused by a Parliamentary fail- 
ure to foresee the situation and 
not a failure- by -Parliament, io 
spril - out its intentions, his 
Lordship fell constrained to 
apply the paragraphs in ac- 
cordance with their plain terms. 

Lord Justice Purchas deliv- 
ered a concurring judgment and 
Lord Justice Stocker agreed. 

Solicitors: Kaye Tesler & Co; 
Sharpe Pritchard & Co for Mr 
M.E. Pearson, Peterborough; 
Sharpe Pritchard & Co for Mr 
H J. Almond.- Northampton; 
Sharpe Pritchard & Co for Mr 
J.N. Crawford, -Worcester; 
Sharpe Pritchard A Co for Mr 
G.W.T. Pitt,- Birmingham; Mr 
RJ. Stone, Tunbridge Wells; Mr 
BJM. Wynn. Cheltenham. 

• • • - ?j! 

■ . V.. ?? v. 

DIO ; 

- j - -V") I 

Your-*. , 
- . ;v ~L 

.-/-I v.riK ; 

Regina v Hill (Frederick) 

• Before Lord Bridge of Harwich, 
Lord Brandon of Oakbrook, 

• Lord Griffiths, Lord Mackay of 
Gash fern and Lord Ackner 

. [Speeches sold July. 24] 

At the trial of a defendant 
- charged with administering to 
two boys a poison or noxious 
thing with intent to injure, 
aggrieve or annoy .contrary to 
section 24 of the Offences 
against the Person Act 1861, the 
'jury were correctly directed that 
they should only convict if they 
were sure that the defendant 
intended to injure the boys in 
the sense of causing them phys- 
ical harm by the administration 
of the drugs. 

The House of Lords so held, 
allowing the prosecutor’s appeal 
against the decision of the Court 
o? Appeal (Lord Justice Robert 
Goff, Mr Justice Mare-Jones 
and Mr Justice Drake (The 
Times March 6, 1985; (1985) 81 
Cr App R 206) and restoring the 
convictions of Frederick Philip 
Hill at the Central Criminal 
Court (Judge Herrod. QC and a 
jury) on March 30, J9S4. 

Intent to injure 

Mr Michael Worsley, QC and 
Mrs Rosamond Keating for the 
prosecutor; Mr Jeremy Roberts, 
QC and Mr Andrew Baillie for 
Mr HilL 

whom all their Lordships 
agreed, said that at trial the 
defence conceded that tablets (of 
tenuate dospan — available only 
on prescription and used as an 
aid to slimming) were a noxious 
thing, and that the defendant 
had unlawfully administered 
them to the boys. The only issue 
for the jury was to determine 
whether he did so with intern to 
injure them. 

The only reasonable inference 
to draw from the defendant’s 
conduct was an intention that 
the drug should injure the boys 
in the sense of causing harm to 
the metabolism of their bodies 
by overstimulation, with the 
motive of either, ingratiating 
himself with them or, more 
probably, rendering them 
susceptible to homosexual. ad- 

The Conn of Appeal, holding 

that the trial judge had erred in 
directing the jury that an inten- 
tion on the part of the defendant 
to keep the boys awake was by 
itself sufficient to constitute an 
intent to injure, quashed the 

His .Lordsttiji wg£ J/haSJjtjiL 
accept the Court of Appeal’s 
interpretation of the judge's 
direction, and was sure that the 
jury would not have understood 
from it that an intention to keep 
a child awake say for some 
benevolent purpose (such as 
enjoying the fireworks or to 
greet his father on a late return 
from work) by itself could 
amount to an inient to injure. 

The whole tenor of the sum- 
ming up was that the jury had to 
be sure that the defendant 
intended to cause harm to the 
health of the boys. The defen- 
dant did in fact cause some 
physical harm, and there was 
overwhelming evidence that 
that was his intention. . 

. Solicitors; . Solicitor, Metro- 
politan Police; Powell Magrath 
& Spencer, Kilbum. 

.. v- i 


rVpl!?T P* 


rt KVP> : 

i 20- . y 

: *.*> 

I ' ' . • ; -• 't 


1 ' 

Gwynedd County Council v 
Jones and Another 
, Before Sir Ralph Kilner Brown. 
Mr J.P. Bell and Mr G.H. 

[Judgment given July 24] 

Two Welsh women who had 
been refused jobs as care assis- 
tants in" an old peoples home 
because they could not speak the 
Welsh language.- had not been 
unlawfully discriminated 
against on racial grounds within 
the meaning of section l of the 
- Race Relations Act 1976. 

- An ability to speak a particu- 
lar language could not of ttsci* 

-define membership of a particu- 
lar ethnic group and EngJish- 
-speaking Welsh and Welsh- 
speakiiig Welsh were not 
distinct ethnic groups. . 

The Employment Appeal Tri- 
bunal allowed an appeaioy 
■ Gwynedd County Council from 
a decision of a Colwyn Bay 
industrial tribunal last August 
ihai the applicants. Mrs Phyllis 
Hulme Jones and Miss Justine 
• Doyle had been discriminated 
against on the ground of their 

• Section 1 of the 1976 Act 
-provides: **(D.A person 
discriminates against anottiCT 
:V . . if — (a) on racial grounds ne 
treats that other less favourably 
than he treats or 'would treat 
-other persons: or (b)be applies 
to that other a requirement or 
' condition which he applies or 

"would apply equally to 

Language bar not racial 

is applied: and (iii) which is to 
the detriment of that other 
because he cannot comply with 

* U Section 3 defined “racial 
grounds” and “racial group". 

Mr Michael Beloff. QC and 
Mr Michael Farmer for the local 
authority. Mr Paul Nicholls. 
legal officer. Commission for 
Racial Equality, for the ap- 

BROWN said that the basts of 
the industrial tribunal's decision 
was that the applicants had been 
barred from jobs for which they 
were otherwise suited because of 
the requirement that they 
should speak Welsh. 

At first sight it seemed that 
the tribunal must have erred in 
law. It could nou for example be 
seriously argued that a require- 
ment that African Bar students 

should have a working knowl- 
edge of English before they were 
called to the Bar was discrimi- 

In Mania v Dowell Lee ([ 1 9831 
2 AC 548) Lord Fraser of 
Tullybelton listed (he 
characteristics which distin- 
guished a racial group. Mr Beloff 
relied on the fact that language 
was included as relevant rather" 
than essential. 

There was nothing in the 
cases to indicate that language 
oh its .own.jvas. a. significant, 
factor. It was wrong in law to use 
the language • factor alone to 
constitute a racial group. 

It was hard to believe that 
someone from Holyhead who 
spoke Welsh was a different 
racial group from someone from 
Colwyn Bay who spoke English. 
The appeal would be allowed. 

Solicitors: Mr H. Ellis 
Hughes. Caernarfon. 

Commercial practice 

practice Note; Commercial Court Committee under the 
Practice Guide chairmanship of Mr Nicholas 

uce for the assistant* of all users . aunroved bv the Lord 

of ibe Commercial Court has 
been announced. ItsTobjeci is to 
promote greater expedition, 
economy and efficiency in the 
conduct of commercial busi- 
ness. Lord Lane, Lord Chief 
Justice, sitting in the Queen’s 
Bench Divisional Court with Mr 
Justice Nolan and Mr Justice 
Macpherson said on July 25. 

then approved by the. Lord 
Chief Justice. 

11 was considered at an open 
meeting of Commercial Court 
users held on February 25 and, 
despite some reservations, re- 
ceived the overwhelming 
endorsement of those present 

Following that meeting the 
committee considered the 

not of die same racial group as j^epherson said on July 25. committee considered the 
that Olher but (i) which is sucii copies of the guide would be representations made, orally 
that the proportion of persons oi ava i[able for wide distribution and in writing, and substantially 
the same racial group as that dor jng September. The changes reaffirmed iis adoption of Ihe 
other who can comply with H is 0 f practice in the guide would be working party’s recommenda- 
’considerably smaller than the app lied with effect from October tions. 

proportion of persons not oi j 2 To draw attention lo certain 

who can com- . - L. j AkiaMv D.,1 au nfikA r Alin 9fui 

that racial group who can conv 
Ply With it: and (it) . wh, . < 2 1 1 X 
cannot show to be 
.irrespective of the colour, race- 
nationaJity-or ethnic or 
origins of the person to whom it .. 

The guide had two objects: 

1 To summarize certain prac- 
tical recommendations of a 
working party of the practitioner 
members of the Commercial 

2 To draw attention to certain 
Rules of the Supreme Court and 
Practice Directions which 
tended to be overlooked, and to . 
give notice of certain current 




Difficult passage awaits England 

was no need to have defined the 
locality in any way. but if it had 
been thought appropriate to 
indicate the sort of area taken 
into account in deciding upon 
the appropriateness of having 
any sex shops in the locality, the 
use of the church in defining 
that area had been quite permis- 

The cases of Northampton 

a consideration of ibe construc- 
tion of paragraphs 28 and 29 of 
Schedule 3. 

The duty of the courts was to 
give effect to the intentions of 
Parliament as manifested by the 
wording of the statute, con- 
strued in the light of such 
general considerations as the 
mischief to which it was di- 

Thus, in an extreme case, if it 
was obvious that Parliament 
must have meant the opposite of 
what it had said, the obvious . 
explanation being that a “not" 
had been accidentally omitted, 
it would be the duty of the 
courts to insert the "not" and 
give effect to the statute accord- 

On the other hand, although it 
was a serious- weakness in the 
legal system, it was not the 
function of courts to fill lacunae 
in the legislation which had 
arisen because Parliament had 
failed to foresee and legislate for 
a particular situation. 

Parliament had never 
con lem plated the situation. The 
unexpressed assumption 
seemed to have been that on the 
appointed day the local author- 
ity would gather up and con- 
sider all the applications for 
licences which had then been 
received, giving some priority lo 
traders who, or whose prede- 
cessors, had been using the 
premises as a Sex shop on 
December 22, 1981, . 

Applications received after 
the appointed day would nec- 
essarily be postponed to earlier 
applications in that they would 
enter the administrative ma- 
chine at a later date. 

That had been falsified in the 
event by delays in dealing with 
applications received before the 
appointed day due. in part, to 
the requirement that they 
should all be considered before 
any were determined. No such 
delaying factor applied to 
applications received after the 

By John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

England came out of 
Saturday's play in the first 
Test match at Lord’s spon- 
sored by Cornhill, a good deal 
belter than had seemed likely 
when New Zealand passed 
200 with only two wickets 
down. By close of play New 
Zealand were 342 for nine in 
reply to England’s first innings 
total of 307. 

Still, though, the least likely 
of the three results is an 
English victory.-lfibe weather ■ 
remains dry but mostly over- 
cast. they must expect a 
difficult passage, at any rate at 
the start of their second 
innings. With Willey's knee 
playing him up again — he and 
French were both unable to 
take any part on Saturday — 
England's batting is even more 
perilously thin than usual. 
And Hadlee is bowling horri- 
bly wdL 

The match, so far. has 
followed almost exactly the 
contours of the Lord’s Test 


ENGLAND; Ftat tanhni 307 (M D Mourn 
74, D I Gowar 82; R J HatOM B lor BO). 

NEW ZEALAND: First taring* 

JO Wright bDflfcy — 0 

B A Edgar e Gating b Gooch 83 

K R Rumefterd e Qooch b Ofltoy 0 

M D Crow* c and b Ed moo d* 108 

J J Crow* c Gating b Ednonds 18 

-JVCOMycGMCub Radford 51 

E J Gray c Gowar b E dm ond s 11 

R J Hats** b Edmonds 18 

tfOSSnrithe Edmonds bMBay IB- 

J G BroawmB notout .. , ■ 1 

W Watson not out >1 

Extras (b 4, lb 8, w 8, nb IS) .34 

TaMpwMs) 342 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2. 2-5, 3-215, 4- 
218, 5-274, 6-292, 7-310, 8-340, 9-340. 
BOWUNG: OWn 35-9-82-3; Fostsr 2S-6- 
56-0; Radford 25-4-71 -t; Edmonds 42- 
1047-4; Gooch 134-23-1. 

Umpirox H OBWond ACT WWtshaad. 

against India last month, 
which is not a happy; augury 
for Galling and his side. 
England, balling first, made 
294 then, and India replied 
with 341, Vcngsarkar making 
a century rather than Marlin 
Crowe. On the Monday En- 
gland were bowled out for 180 
in their second innings, and 
on the Tuesday they Iosl They 
are fighting in the present 
match to avoid a repetition of 
that and on Saturday, in 
doing so, they closed ranks 
quia effectively. . 

If this made for a somewhat . 
ascetic day’s play, it was 
nonetheless a memorable one 
for Martin Croweand Edgar, a 
notable one for Edmonds and 
an improbable one for R. J. 
Paries, of Hampshire. By mak- 
ing 210 together, the first two 
set up a new record for New 
Zealand's third wicket against 
England, beating the 190 add- 
ed by Congdon and Hastings 
al Lord’s in 1973: “Edmonds 
look four of the seven wickets 
to faff, as well as holding a- 

Gower and Parks, England’s third snsbstitnte wicketkeeper, watch Edgar’s sweep for four 

'to do so by Joe Darling, the 
Australian captain, after LiJJey 
had split a finger. "Such a 
concession should not have 
been asked for. Though there 
is no rule on the subject it is 
quite contrary to the general 
practice...” IVisdcn said. That 
it was unadvisable seems to 
have been accepted, for 
Spooner, who was playing in 
the match, took over behind 
the stumps in Australia's sec- 
ond innings. 

On the MCC tour of South 
Africa in 1910-11 N. C. 
Tufnell. nominated as 12th 
man before the second Test in 
Durban, kept wicket when 
Strudwick was hit in the face. 
Unlike Taylor and Parks. 

Jones and Tufnell were both 
attached to the England team. 

Athey, who had the gloves 
at the start of New Zealand's 
innings last Friday, is in feci a 
perfectly competent wicket- 
keeper. which made Gatling's 
request for an outside replace- 
ment the less necessary. When 
it was put to him. Coney said 

ble with a knee, it was the sort 
of Thing more suited to a 
parade of champions than a 
Test match. In the event. 
Parks gave a nice, neat dis- 
play, and as in the case of 
Taylor, there was a sentimen- 
tal angle to his. appearance. It 
was against New Zealand at 
Lord’s. 49 years ago. that ft/s 

Gatting could have anyone he grandfather. J. H., played his 
wanted wherever he might be. only Test match. 

It has to be said that both 
captains were acting within 
the law, just as Coney would 
have been had he turned 
Gatting down. 

Even so. when Parks came 
on and Taylor went off on 
Saturday morning, because 
Taylor was now having trou- 

In making 106 Martin 
Crowe looked what he is — a 
high-class batsman. Only 19 
when he played his first Test, 
in 1982. he took some time to 
find his feet. His first 1 1 Test 
innings brought him only 162 
runs; but a successful season 
with Somerset in 1984 was a 

Gloucestershire recover well 

Gloucestershire, who cur- 
rently sit comfortably at the 
head of the Britannic .Assurance 
County Championship table, 
won the toss, chose io bat. then 
made runs and took wickets in a 
thoroughly successful day ag- 
ainst Worcestershire at New 
Road, on Saturday. 

They had made an uncertain 
begini ng. losing Wright and 
Stovold with eight runs -on the 
board. - But, Tomlins (75). 
Uoyds (82) and Alleyne (73) 

spectacularly good catch, and— 

Parks was sent for to keep 
.wicket In what in-this respect 
has become a- very rum match 

Twice in the past, conceiv- 
ably more often, a 1 2th man 
has been permitted to keep 
wicket in a Test match. It 
happened at the Oval in 1905 
when A. O. Jones was allowed 

and these three scored the bulk 
of Gloucester sh ir e 's runs on the 
way to a solid total of 300 for 
nine from 95.rovers, the point 
at which Gravency declared. 
Walsh then did all that was 
asked of him in 1 1 overs before 
the close, taking The wickets of 
Curtis and D'Oiiveira for 24 
runs as Worcestershire came in 
at 38 for two. 

Nottinghamshire, too, had 

By Peter Marson 

thought it best to bat first 
against Yorkshire, at Trent 
Bridge; but with Peter Hartley 
instantly moving in off on the 
right foot. Broad and Robinson 
were soon back in the pavilion 
with a mere 16 runs on the 
board. Newell and Rice resisted 
for a time, both players matting 
47. but Hartley had succeeded in 
becoming a thorn in the bats- 
mens flesh, and he helped 
himself to six wickets as 
Nottinghamshire’s innings 
dosed at 191. 

It was typical of Rice that he 
should respond by delivering a 
hammer blow of his own. and 
now, it was Yorkshire's turn to 
fight with their backs to the walL 
Cooper has always been one to 
give of his best and he and Pick 
assisted Rice as Blakey. Met- 
calfe and Robinson fell with the 
score five, and Neil Hartley and 
Bairstow. too. were gone as 
Yorkshire struggled to get to 56u 

Love is 40 not out. and Peter 
Hanley has still to get off the 
mark as Yorkshire begin again 
this morning at 1 14 for six. 

A courageous innings by 
Miller helped prop up Middle- 
sex who were put out for 216 by 
Northamptonshire at North- 
ampton. and Allolt bowled well 
in lairing five wickets for 55 . as 
Warwickshire were hard put to 
it to make 138 against Lan- 
cashire at Edgbaston. 

ABERGAVENNY: Gtanornan 168: Dflrty- 
stWB 143 for 7 (K J Barnett 84 not out). 
NORTHAMPTON: Middtosm 216 <A J T 
MMw 92); NontiamfrionBlure 54 tor 2. 
QALDFORD: Sussex 294 (Imran Knan 55, 
I J Gould 54: S T Clarke 4 tar 60): Surrey 
15 tor no wM. 

EDGBASTON: WamtakSlWU 138 (A M 
Forron 69 not out P J W Aam 5 tor 55k 
Lancashire 183 tor 5 (G Fourier 76. G H 
Ltoyd 72 not oui). 

WORCESTER: Gtoucestoisnra 300 tor 9 
doc p W Lloyds 82. K P Tomlins 75. M W 
AHoyne 73 not out; A P Prldgaon 4 lor 60); 
Worcestershire 38 tor 2- 
SHEFFIELD: Nottinghamshire 1B1 (P J 
Harttoy 6 lor KJK Yorkshire 1)4 tor 6. 

help, and he is now well under 
way. This was his fifth hun- 
dred for New Zealand and the 
fourth in his last nine Tests. It 
was also the eighth made for 
New Zealand at Lord’s, the 
greatest of which was Martin 
Donnelly's 206 in 1949. More 
New Zesrianders have made 
Test hundreds here than on 
any other ground, including 
all their own. 

By the time a good slip caich 
by Galling and a return catch 
by Edmonds removed Edgar 
and Crowe in successive overs 
on Saturday afternoon. New 
Zealand were threatening to 
build up a significant lead. But 
with England bowling tighter 
than they had on Friday it was 
taking time. It was Edmonds's 
accuracy that had most to do 
with his success. Another 
excellent slip catch by Gatling 
helped him account for the 
cider Crowe; an outrageous 
piece of ill luck did for Gray, 
whose firm leg-side hit re- 
bounded from Moxon's ankle 
or stain at short leg across the 
pitch to Gower at silly raid- 
off; and Hadlee was bowled by 
a faster ball. 

Coney made an admirable 
half-century before pulling 
Radford hard to Gooch, who 
held a good catch near the 
square leg umpire, and just 
before the end Edmonds 
rounded off his day by diving 
to his right in the gully for a 
firm cut by Smith and catch- 
ing it two handed. Jeff Crowe’s 
wicket had been Edmonds's 
100th for England. They have 
been a longish time coming — 
1 1 years. 39 Tests and more 
than 1.500 overs — but life is 
hard and encouragement too 
scarce for the spinner these 
days. Any doubts there may 
have been about taking Ed- 
monds to Australia will have 
been dispelled on Saturday. 
The selectors could do worse 
than make him vice-captain. 

For various reasons, none 
of them good ones, it seemed 
to me, only 87 overs were 
bowled on Saturday. To start 
with, contrary to what I was 
told from Lord's Iasi week, the 
New Zealanders have agreed 
to a minimum of only 90 
overs a day. rather than the 96 
which -the Test and County 
Cricket Board wanted. Be 
theirs the shame! Then there 
were three overs lost around 
midday because of a drizzle so 
slight that while the players 
were leaving the field the 
spectators sat watching them 
bare-headed and in shirt 
sleeves. Finally, play ended at 
6.10 on a sunny evening, as 
soon as the 87tb over of the 
day had been bowled, when 
there should have been noth- 
ing to stop it lasting unti] 6.30. 

It must surely be bad for 
business not to be looking to 
give the public as much cricket 
as is reasonably possible. 
Coney’s gesture over the 
wicketkeeper showed a gener- 
ous nature: if he were to say 
"let's play 100 overs a day for 
the last two Tests’* he would 
be seen to have a crusading 
spirit as well. So why not? 

Yesterday’s cricket, page 27 



Cool Canadians call shots celebrate f “est 

By Srik Dinar Sen, Boxing Correspondent hour alter Bisley win 

I The Canadi- 
ans are leading 
the competition 
as it approaches 
the semi-finals. 
They are assured 
so far of eight 
medals, England of seven. 
Wales and Scotland four, and 
Northern Ireland one. 

If the Canadians we have not 
seen turn out to be as exciting as 
Asis Dar, Steve Beaupre, How- 
ard Grant and Bill Downey,- 
zhey could take every gold. Most 
of their team have been ap- 
proached by professional man- 
agers. Dar, the brilliant young 
Pakistan-born lightweight, has 
received an offer from Mike 
Jones, the manager of Gerry 

Taylor Gordon, their coach, 
says that they will be with him 
until the 1988 Olympic Games. 
A secret of their success, be says, 
is having the boxers in his care 
for a whole year before a major 
competition. “We build up ibeir 

confidence and tell them to box 
always within their 
potential and teach them to be 
relaxed and cool under pressure. 
This is a young team. In two 
years it will be awesome." 
Turner said. 

Five of the best contests of the 
competition will be over before 
the finals. The two strongest 
countries. Canada and England, 
have been thrown together in a 

More Games reports, 
pages 28 and 30 

quarter-final bout and four 
semi-final contests: at middle- 
weight. Rod Douglas, three 
times ABA champion, meets 
Egerton Marcus; then in the 
semi-finals, John Lyon, five 
times ABA flyweight champion 
faces Beaupre; Joseph Jacobs, 
the lightweight ABA champion, 
comes up against Dar. Jim 
Moran, ABA light heavyweight 
champion, meets Brent Koso- 
lofski and finally at super heavy- 

weight. James Oycbola. in his . 
first international for England, 
meets the experienced Lennox i 
Lewis. j 

Jacobs, Moran, Beauprg. Dar ; 
and Kosolofski were in action 
on Saturdayand all won impres- i 
sively. Moran in the first round 
against Pua Don Ulberg. of 
Western Samoa; Koso-lofski ! 
was given a harder time than 
expected by Rafaeii Radi, of 
New Zealand. 

Dar, like all the Canadians, is 
skilful at using the ring to his 
advantage and manoeuvering 
his opponents on to his fists. No 
wonder he stopped Gerrard 
McKenna, the lough Ulster 
champion in the second. 
Beaupre had a little trouble 
cornering Chew Docberty, of 
Scotland, at first, but in the 
second and third rounds, cut off 
the Scot's escape routes and 
hammered him with Mod two 
handed combinations. The bout 
between Beaupre and Lyon 
should be the centrepiece of the 

By Onr Rifle Shooting Correspondent 

Subtle tactics work for Redgrave 

— The first part 
of the finals of 
the Regatta at 
Strathclyde - - . 
Country. Park on 
Saturday was at 
least charged 
with atmosphere and high 
drama. The medals were 
predictably collected by Austra- 
lia. England. New Zealand and 
Canada and Steve Redgrave, of 
England, was able to bury the 
disaster of the Diamond Chal- 
lenge Sculls at Henley with a 
fine win in the single ..sculls to 
lake the first of his prescribed 
. three- gold- -medals: -Redgrave 
sensibly changed his tactics. 
Instead of a bold charge off the 
start, went .off sedately ‘ and 
slowly but surely wore down his 
opponents: first Richard Powell, 
of Australia, and later the 
ambitious New Zealander. Eric 
Verdonlc. who look the bronze. 
Until Iasi week Verdonk was 
only a non-travelling reserve. Al 


First ComhIH Test match 
(1 1 .0. 90 ovars minimum) 

LORO'S: England v Now Zealand 

Britannic Assurance 
County Championship- - - 
(11.0 to 6.30, 110 ovbts rhinihuiin) 

ABERGAVERNNY: Glamorgan w 

ByJimRaflton : - . 
"the" last' minute Tie "was told to 
pack his Bags. Redgrave did 
what he had to do but I do not 
■ suppose news of his victory will 
ruffle the feathers of Finland’s 
three limes Olympic gold medal 
winner. Perm" Karppmen. 

The sculler of the Regatta on 
Saturday was Peter Antonie, 
who won the lightweight single 
sculls in a time 12 seconds faster 
than Redgrave. The Australian 
-knows only one lactic and that is 
to go absol utely flat out from the 
start. He beavered away down 
the course, outclassing his oppo- 
nents and was once again inside 
the recordsetby-his compatriot^ 
Stuart Mackenzie, the Heavy- _ 
weight sculler, in 1958. 

. The rnen’sJieavyweight eights 
provideddrama even before the 
race started. - It seemed that 
every crew in the race wanted a 
false stan and they all did. The 
starter was glad to see the back 
of them. Around halfway the 
Welsh bow. Guy Thomas, 


NORTHAifPTON: Northamptonshire v 


GUILDFORD: Surrey « Sussex 
EDGBASTON: Warwickshire v Lancashire 
WORCESTER: Woreestosttre * Souc- 

- SHEFFIELD: Yoikstilrey Nottinghamshta 
BAIN DAWES TBOPHY: Bournemouth: - 
Hampslwe v Surrey. 

‘'idtnof* Emt Bettslwe v Somnaet ih 

caught a crab and lost control of 
his oar. He bravely decided to 
offload his redundant weight, 
cradling his head in his hands 
and gently rolling overboard. He 
counted 10 underwater to avoid 
being decapitated by his crew. 

Meanwhile, the giant-sized 
New Zealand eight on the 
outside lane looked set to domi- 
nate the race until they caught a 
series of giant-sized lobsters and 
in the rough began to ship water 
rapidly. Australia shot through 
as ihe Kiwis w allowed to take 
the gold and England with their 
now characteristic late rush, the 
silver. The peeved New Zea- 
landers' were having a shower 
when they were told they had 
won the bronze from Canada by 
two hundredths of a second. 
They had rough luck. 

England had an unexpected 
bonus in the lightweight coxless 
fours, breaking the fancied 
Australians with two devastat- 
ing burns lo take the gold. 

Shelburne: Dorset w Chasnta: Grtowby: 
Lined retina v NortHimDertantt Stone 
Staffordshire « CumoerlancL 


GOLF: Engteh amateur chsmpwnshiP («t 
Hillside): WbWi 9»«' amateur {Jiampnn- 
step (al Holyhead GCJ. 

SPEEDWAY: Brifeli L**gue ReacSng V 
Bese Vue Mtsand Cue Wolverhampton 
« Swrem National Uegbft! &«er v 
Glasgow Newcastle v Arena Essex. 

The Royal Air Force had their 
biggest celebration for 39 years 
in Bisley Camp on Saturday 
night, after Geoffrey Cox. aged 
44. a retired RAF officer, now a 
teacher, won the Queen’s Prize 
with a final burst that took him 
from sixth place halfway 
through to a two-point lead. 

At the end of the 900 yards 
section it looked as though the 
young tigers who have been 
winning the big prizes in recent 
years were out for another 

Paul Kent, aged 26. who first 
reached a final when he was 16. 
and has collected seven more 
Queen's Hundred badges since, 
had added 72 to his second stage 
score of 148 and was leading 
with 220. 

Cox. a former navigator who 
now teaches adults in a prison 
on the Isle of Sheppey. started 
the 1 .000 yards section with a 
siring of bullseyes that put him 
two points ahead of the oppo- 
sition after his seventh shot a 
lead which he held until his 15th 
went into the bull to bring his 
total to 289 out of 300. 

There were four with the next, 
best 287. Nicholas Hinchliffc. 

aged 28. a barrister from Al- 
trincham. Cheshire, won the 
runner-up silver badge because 
he had the best total. 142 in the 
final stage, of the four who made 

The RAF has the biggest of 
the Services target shooting 
clubs but had not had a Queen's 
Prize winner since 1947. when 
Ron Bennett, a serving Warrant 
Officer, won. and 1946 when the 
prize went to Squadron Leader 
Bill WiJIott. 



2.0 1. Evoto Error (5-2 tevfc 2. H«s Btd 
|9-2): 3. Mawsuff (9-2). 16 raa NR: Avec 

Z3S 1. Mum (4-6 fav): 2. Mountain 
Memory 19- 1): 3. Oue Tango (16-1L6 ran. 

120 (King George vi and Queen 
Ekzabetti Diamond Stakes)- soe page 25. 

3LS5 1. Neheez (1 1-4): 2. Ah Smnh (7-1); 
3. Zarbyev (9-4 fev). 5 tan NR: Brrwaz 
42S 1. Royal (WO (4-1): 2, Lastoomw 
J1J-8 lavjc 3. tnrbnmore Island (8-H. 6 

456 1. Si*mr Trip (8-lk 2. Advance (5- 
1); 3. Avenano (7-4 law). 12 ran. Acomum. 


250 1. NDssoN (1-4 tovk 2. Mawflyn 
Gate (20-H: Ibe Yomper (1$-1J. 8 ran. 

10 1. (ffgh Tension (5-4 favr. 2. Paa 
Glories (8-1): 3. Ftour SW Ttirusi (7-1). 5 

240 1. mtou(7-ir.2. Murphy s Wheels 
(5-1). 3. Boot Polish (4-1 tav). 12 ran. 

4.10 1. Sontflri (6-5): 2. K-Batrery (20-1): 
1 Tetepromptar 14-5 law). 5 ran. 

440 1 . Sffkman (11-4 fav); 2. Murphy (6- 
1): 3. Damart (14-D 11 ran. 

5.10 1. fiotaerioo (S-2J; 2. Oaek 
Damond (4-1): 3. Table-Tiamng (6-4 tav). 


IAS 1. Talormad* Boy (5-11: Sharons 
Royals (6-t): 3. Ontoa (5-2 fav). NR: 
Johnston Boy. 

2.1S 1. Greet Bar (6-4 tav); 2. Chantffy 
Dawn (4-1): Benin*! Morpeth (10-1). 10 
ran. ... 

3 ran. NR. Daman Dancer, Mai'd. 

4.15 1 . ABatum(7.4 fav): 2. Deserted (2- 
1). 3. Faiiowtiefd Lad (14-1). 8 ran. 

445 1. Dom in ion Princes* (11-2): 2. 
Pod Please iB-in 3. Lucky West (11-2). 7 

Ungfieid Park 

5.45 1, Color Artist (&4 favk 2. Vevila 
(13-8): a. Spy out (12-1). 14 ran. NR: Mas 

6.15 i. dear Her Stage (2-1 favk 2. 
Ghanayim (13-2): 3. Mexican Honey (7-2). 
14 ran. 

6.40 1. KRm (12-1): 2. Hey-Amadeus 
(4-1): 3. Rajivs Data (2-1 fav). 14 raa NR: 
Jsbe Mac. 

' 7JS 1. SowJ Omr IS-l k-tnp 2. 
ComcUeniai (B-1K 3. Steady Eddie (12-1); 
4. Oofly (8-1). Emerald Wave S-l it-tov. 16 
raa NR Mes Mama. 

7.35 1. Music Mach ine (7-2); 2. Simla 
Ridge (7-4 lav). 3. Green Dollar (18-1). 6 
ran. NR: Amigo Loco. Fayruz. 

8S 1.86*0*1114-1); 2 . River Gambler (9- 
4L 3. tong's Crusade (154 lav). 15 raa 
135 1. Russian Logic (1-3 fav): 2, 

8-35 1 . Russian Logic (1-3 fav): 2. 
Flaming Dancer (9-2): 3 , Macncama (8-1). 


S20 1 . Ultra Nora (11-4): 2. Paradtee 
Coffee (7-1 1 ; 3. utile Bolder p 6 . 1 v Onflna 
5-2 fav. NR: tts Been Rumoured. Lady 
Westown. Thai Certain Smie. 

6.50 1 Adamatown (9-1): 2. Ktfndariya 
»-2J: 3 Supreme Kingdom flO-lV 
MHracar 5-4 (8v. It raa 1 h 

ZAS 1 . RamMng River (4-1): 2. Sully* 
Choce (7-1 1 3. Iberian Start (11-2). 
Romerlletd Greys 9-4 fav. 7 raa 
3.15 1. Hawarden (5-Zt: 2. CoccOta® (1- 
2 favi: 3. Pleasing Prospect (6-1). 4 ran. 
NR: PnSdass. 

345 1. Tough N Gertie (2-1); 2. 
Wabarah (13-8 fav). 3. Catway Rally (M-l). 

7-501. Lucnrttf (Evans (avV % Item 
Lora(6-1); 3. Five Sixes (11-2). 7 ran. 

, Sf? Nawquaypi- 


Dancing Brave 
heads for 
next showdown 
with Bering 


One occasion 

By Michael Seely 

GreviUe Starkey, deprived also paid tribute to the superb 

by injury from his chance of 
riding Dancing Brave to that 
famous victory in Saturday's 
King George VI and Queen 
Elizabeth Diamond Stakes at 
Ascot, will be back in action at 
Bath this afternoon. The jock- 
ey, who gave Guy Harwood 
his previous victory in 
Britain’s most valuable all- 
aged race, will have his first 
important mount since his 
return on AJIez Milord in 
tomorrow's Gordon Stakes at 

“I drove down from New- 
market last night, rode work 
this morning and feel 
brilliant," he said. “Of course 
I’m sony to have missed the 
big race. But the main thing is 

Big race result 


1m 41) 

DANCMG BRAVE (USA) b C by l-yptiard 
- Navajo Ptincass (K AoduHa) 3-8-8 
Pat Emery (6-4) 1 

Shardari b C by Top VWe - Sharmada (H 
i| 4-9-7S Cauthen (14-1) 

H Aga Khan) « 

Triptych i 1US^ b I by FHvwrnan _ - Tr«on 

: y Samt-Mertki (25-7) 3 

ALSO RAN: 11-10 fav Shahrastani (4tti). 
14 Petoski (6th). TOO Diwstan (5th). 150 
Supreme Leader. 1000 Boklden. Vouch- 
safe. 9 ran. Hi. 41. 51. 2). 1 Ml. G Harwood at 
Puiborougti. Tote win: £220. Places: 
D20. EX.7D. £160 OF- £10.90. CSF- 
£1848. 2mm 29.49 sec. 

that Dancing Brave has won. f 
am glad the horse has finally 
proved that he stays, as I’ve 
always been confident of it. 
I'm glad to be back and I'm 
looking forward to riding 
Dancing Brave again." 

In becoming the only horse 
apart from Nijinsky in 1970 to 
have captured the 2.000 Guin- 
eas and the King George in the 
same season. Dancing Brave 
not only gave proof of bis 
extraordinary versatility but 

professionalism and skill of 
Harwood and his close-knit 
team at Pulborough. Khaled 
Abdulla's champion was origi- 
nally prepared for the first of 
the colts' classics and to have 
produced him in such spar- 
kling form at the end of July 
after that gruelling race in the 
Derby represented an out- 
standing feat of training. 

Both Harwood and his 
brother-in-law, Geoff Lawson, 
had been full of confidence 
beforehand. “He's always 
been a lovely borse to have 
around." said the trainer yes- 
terday. “Pat rode a marvellous 
race and I'm sorry that 
Greville wasn't fit to ride. If 
the going is reasonable in 
October I'd like to send Danc- 
ing Brave for the Arc. Other- 
wise there's always the 
Champion Stakes and the 
Breeders Cup in the States.” 

“I always thought he would 
win," added Lawson, “and 
I'm only sorry that 
Shahrastani didn't finish sec- 
ond to prove our point about 
the Derby conclusively.” 

The notion that the widely- 
billed match of the century 
might not after all take place 
was suggested by a paddock 
inspection of the two 
favourites. The normally su- 
per-relaxed Shahrastani was 
edgy and sweating between his 
loins. In racing parlance it 
looked as though he was “on 
the boil". Dancing Brave, on 
the other hand, was as calm as 
an old sheep and a gleaming 
mass of muscle and condition. 

Dick Hem's two pacemak- 
ers. Boldden and Vouchsafe, 
set off at such a tremendous 
pace, covering the first five 
furlongs in just over 59 sec- 


There are few occasions when 
It Is worth poshing throagh a 
crowd to get a good view of the 

aristocracy, but this was one of 

them. I got there early and 
bagged. a great vantage point, 
because, not for anything in 
the world, would 'I have missed 
the parade of the grandest 
nobs in England: the four- 
footed Loris of the Turf, 
brushed to a whisker and 
trained to a hair to contest the 
King George VI and Queen 
Elizabeth Diamond Stakes at 
Ascot on Saturday. 

First came Petoski, who was 



with not one but two pacemak- 
ers. . Hfe assistants, were 
quoted at 1,000-1 ea ch , 
prompting the unworthy 


IftfiC' > . •** ■'* 

p8fW^r £ 

z.v v, c ’<<■ >*** •*." 

Score settled: Dancing Brave polls dear of Shardari with his Epsom conqueror, Shahrastani, nowhere to be seen 

Considering the easy condi- ibe British Isles with 

onds, that they were totally 
ignored by the rest of the field. 
The final pattern of the race 
was only established when 
Tony Kimberley sent Dihistan 
into the lead approaching the 

The West Ilsley pair fell 
back in a heap soon after- 
wards. Eddery quickjy pulled 
Dancing Brave out of the path 
of danger and was able to take 
up his position on the inside 
as they turned for home. “I 
saw trouble ahead and took 
evasive action,” he said. 
“Dancing Brave soon came 
back on the bridle and I knew 
that 1 had a lot of horse left 
under me." What an under- 

As always Eddery had rid- 

den an inspired tactical race. 
The moment of truth that 
followed must have tasted as 
sweet to the Harwood camp as 
it was as bitter as gall to the 
supporters of Shahrastani. 

Having manoeuvred his 
mount past Petoski, the for- 
mer champion then took a 
deliberate look over his right 
shoulder at the favourite, and 
seeing Swinbum hard at work, 
released that explosive fur- 
long-long surge of power, 
which swept Dancing Brave 
into a clear lead. 

Though naturally tiring at 
the finish of such a last-run 
race. Dancing Brave coura- 
geously repelled Shardari's re- 
newed attack to win by three- 
quarters of a length. 

lions underfoot, the winning 
time of 2 minutes 29.42 
seconds was excellent 

Four lengths away in third 
place came that marvellous 
filly, the Matchmaker Interna- 
tional-bound Triptych. 
Shahrastani, who faded to 
give his true running, came 
fourth 9% lengths behind the 

The 1985 victor, Petosld, 
whom Hern considered to be 
unsuited by the going, finished 
sixth. However, this is no time 
for making excuses for beaten 
horses. Dancing Brave had 
proved himself before a crowd 
of 32,46! to be on a lofty 
pinnacle as the undisputed 
middle distance champion of 

the Prix du Jockey Out 
winner, as his only possible 
rival for the European title. 

Shardari, a tough and reso- 
lute stayer if there ever was 
one, will now be out to test the 
truth of this assertion in Paris 
on Sunday, October 5. 
“Shardari ran a blinder and 
will now be trained for the 
Arc." Michael Statue said 
yesterday. “As for Shahrastani 
he never fired properly. We 
will have him thoroughly 
checked over and tested be- 
fore deciding his future." 

And so the scene moves to 
Glorious Goodwood where 
the Stewards' Cup and the 
Gordon Stakes are the features 
of tomorrow's opening card. 

giggle if they, fin- 
ished first asi second. How 
much would the forecast then: 
be- worth? Petoski, last year’s 
winner, ambled out Made 
them, looking laid back, a 
seen-it-all mood expressed in 
every movement. 

One by one, the rest of the 
field followed, lads at their 
heads looking tense, owners 
and trainers in the middle all 
trying to look as relaxed as 
Petoski and all falling. But 
there were two horses we were 
all craning onr necks for. This 
race was meant to be a private 
fight between Dancing Brave 
and Shahrastani: everything 
else was inddental. 

Shahrastani stepped oat 
first, and he made yon catch 
your breath, he looked so 
wonderful. Chestnut, glowing, 
power-packed: there is some- 
thing about the sight of such a 
horse that fife, me heart: a 
gKstwimg machin e of mascle 
and sinew, crafted in secrecy 
and aimed like a missile at a 
dizzying prize. 

Then came Dancing Brave, 
a dark and brooding presence. 
He looked sulky, combative 
and poised. IBs lad had 
brushed the most amazing 
Bridget Riley pattern into'hfs . 

quarters, but at die other .end, 
he rolled hi* eyes and loo&d 
mean: .Tn> not. just * prefix, 
backside, he wasteftfef 
Fancifully, ; J thought 
looked as if he was seetfdsfg, 
for a~ spot rtf revenge- - -• >/ i 
For he was the horse’ wfe- 
finished fastest in the Derhyi 
withont actually passing, the* 
winning post first Someodrtg; 
had gone badly wrong som^ 
where. Thte vns bfc chaneetK 
make up for it. 5&ahffsMs®d\ 
was. the borsq who beat Sira 
and he looked the better hnfoie 
in the paddock as he made Mfi 
firstthreearcuits ujfroutdt' 
the banks of assessing eyess 
Bnttheriyoe could mafieoaCf 
the beginning of a dantp patdfc 
behind his saddle/ Swojfc 
shows op a treat on vchesmnte 
horse: there was no getting 
away from fcShahrastiupjqv. 

chestnut patch jpew.. a&*£h 
while, Dancing Brave 
ed the. crowds "with . 

contempt. . ■ " 

The bell ' rang, (he 
mounted; nine horses, , Litiyl 
Beaverbrook had three^ddr 

green and brown, the 
Khan had three, 
Shahrastani,- in green; 

the horserace Of the'cenrikljr 

become a cycle pursuit duun- 
pionship? With a despa 
gesture, ShahrastanTs- 
dived for a trecke _ ^ 
and. swished the sweat .from 
his chaigeYflanks. 

The equine aristocrats feft 
fiae paddock, back ftegs criss^ 
crossing in -that firiocy.-Wny 
that thoroughbreds haver The 
two teams of three were MTsf 
Machiavellian plots te 
all the speed out of 
Brave. Dancing Brave 
oat glaring pugnaciously 
him. Fat chance, he wassajdqg 
to himself. Fat chance- - - 

-,r L21‘ 

••• & 

VZ:*'*-'- v..J hi 


Pv.,1 w. - 

7i m • 

l** - -r ■ . 



i Ifw 

£■&. : jr- >f* 

Victory foi 
man in 

a million 



m pr. 

VP- ■” 

uii: - 

.■ .. :e r' 1 

. Nriftil 


r :-r Du« 
- r- am 

x r . ■ Baiicstt t 


£1,410: 7f) (16) 

Going: good to firm 
Draw: no advantage 

1.40 HOLSTEN DIAT PJLS HANDICAP (£2,148: 1m2f)(9 runners) 

1 00-01 JUST THE TTCXET (F May) C Booth S-11(6sx).- 

4 000-000 ALLA DREAM (B) (J DavOBOn) W Musson 9-7. 


1 000000 amilAN(DSl»nrtN)K Stone 44M2 

L (C-D) (P CaNer) P CNver S8-9. 

3 0-11202 MASXED BALL (C-O) ( 

7 04-2443 GRSD (H Alexander) Denys Smith 5-S-O - 
9 3213Q2 GODS LAW (BF) (Nrs V Robson) MrsG He*Blay 5-6-4. 
10 4CM>2 CARVERYnWairw) A tide 3-8-2 

12 0/00000- HUBER'S MAN (D Russel) W Pearce 4-SO 

13 000000 NUG0LA (Don E mrisa) E hcisa 4-7-13.. 

: p _nrsi 

. LCharoodc4 

Wes 3 

6 0-00021 LAHNEM 

7 00-00 TRELAU 

8 000242 RUPERT 








H Vngban5 

, . (H Man) J Ketuemfl 9-i 

(J Abbey) B McMahon 8-13. 

J Caeaghai (7) 1 
, G Carter (3) 3 

14 03/000-4 HALF 

15 0/000-40 STRICTLY 

. NConaortonS 
MBcccrafl 1 

f A Stephenson) w a Stephenson 5-7-13 J Lowe 2 

! (B) (Cbnama LM] R WMakar 4-7-8 SPQrtmM6 

5-2 Masked Bab. 3-1 Cavoiy. 9-2 Greed. 5-1 Gods Law. 8-1 Halt Shaft. 12-1 
Shellman. 14-1 others. 

FORM: MASKED BALL (7-8) 2nd caught dose home b eaten W tp Crtaunwre (95) 11 
ran. York iro 21 h eap good to fhm Ju^ l2- GREED (8-6) am beaten 1*1 to Cotn 

00-0030 DORAKI 

04000 SHY I _ _ . 

032224 MY CUP OF TEA (B) (BA (WHall)P Hasten 8-11. 
4-00000 VALDARNO(MrsEBrany)D Ctiepinan911.» 
000 PARKES SPECIAL (R Manners) J Parkas 8-10. 

R Vickers (7) 16 

R Guest 12 



) D Chapman 8-10. 


00-0000 FEATHER GIRL (rt(Q Kerry) D Chapman 8-7- 
-8000-00 PLAMMNO ACT (S Johnston) W 8-7 j 

S P Griffiths 10 
_ S Webster 15 
M Fry 4 

DNtdiols 14 
S Lswea 6 

22. 000002 nMCLE CREAK lG Dawes] Moore 8-6 D Casey (7) 8 

DcwiwUon) P Rohan 8-3 LChamocfc? 

00-0400 IHJKE OF MBJ.TMBB1 (A I 
000004 BALBIARfflf (W Setters) J Parices 84)- 

J Outer (5) 11 

3-1 Rupert Brooke. 4-1 Puncie Creak. 5-1 My Cup Of Tea. 11-2 Lantern. 6-1 Just 
The Ticket. 8-1 TreMaes. 10-1 Dorade. 14-1 other*. 

Bertrand (7-6) 6 ran. 

Imh'cap fen July 21-GODSLAW(8-l1)2nd beaten 21 to 

Heavenly ‘HodTer (8-7) 10 ran. Edinburgh 1m h eap firm JlAy 14. CAVERY {7-131 1 2nd 
beaten Si to Shear Luck (7-12)7 ran. Newmarket lm2th'capgood to firm Jufy 12. HMf 

7-1® 7 ran. Newmarket 1m 2f h eap good to firm July 12. HALF 
i <41 to Hadaka (9-0) i3ran.EdMburrti 1m eel etks firm July 14. 
-131 6th beaten 10*1 to Eno Emerald (9-3) 12 ran. Pontefract 

FORM: JUST THE TICKET (8-Bi won 1 1 from BUPERT. BROOKE(90) 14 ran. Beveriey 71 
sea stks fvm Jidy 15 LARNEM (7-4) won II from Tanya's Princess (7-1® with 
(7-6) 4th beaten 7MI, 9 ran. 


. Ayr 7f sell stks 

SHAFT (8-4) 4th beaten 1 '4 ~ 

STRICTLY BUSINESS (8-13) 6th beaten 10X1 to Eno Emerald (9® 
1m 2f h eap firm July 7. 

Selection: MASKED BALL 

OFTEA (7-io)jSh beaten 111 to Common Farm (9-7) 6 ran.Tiamftan im It heap good to 

to firm July 19. MY CUP 
i It h i 

Lucky Ring 
to regain 
his sparkle 

By Mandarin 

soft Jiate 19. PUNCLE CREAK(84)2nd beaten nk to Psalm(9-0) Bran. Hamiton « set 
stks ftrm Jul y 8. 



2.10 DANISH UGHT HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £4,854: 7f) (8) 

040000 LOCHOWCA (BF) (Mrs M Janra) A Jarvts 9-7 

1-3222 PASTICCIO (D) (T Warner) M Jarvts 8- tl 

320100 KNYFJLady H de WaUen) E Weymes 8-10 

01 TRAVEL MAGIC (D) (Mrs M Madden) B Hanbury 62 

2431 DO CARRKEAN SOtM) (D) (Mrs C Bnttaoi) C Brittain 7-13 — 

0333 RUE ST JACQUES (T Snath) 0 Arbuihnot 7-13 

424)0 BON ACCUBLW Ross) HWWiw 7-12 

300-001 NAP MAJEST1CA (D Bramal) M Camacho 7-1 2 










. E Guest (3) 1 

G Baxter 3 

, JLave7 



7-2 Pasticcio. 4-1 Travel Magic. 5-1 Bon Accuei. 6-1 Knyf, 7-1 Nap Majesties. 8-1 
Cambean Sound. 12-1 Rue St Jacques, 14-1 Lochonka. 

FORM: PASTICCIO (9-7)2nd beaten 41 to Pe«inko(9-iJ11 tm Wolver hamp t on imh'cap 
firm June 23. KNYF (8-4) 5th beaten 4X1 to Aventmo (7-12)15 ran. Newmarket inrh'cap 
fast July 10. TRAVEL MAGIC (8-1 1)won 41 from Festivity W-11) 14 ran. Chepstow 71 firm 
July 8. RUE ST JACQUES (90 3rd beaten 101 to Mawsun (9-6) 18ran. Sandown 71 stks 
turn June 14. NAP MAJE5TTCA(9S) won 31 from Robis (7-6) 15 ran. Doncaster im stks 
firm June 27 
Selection: KNYF 

Newcastle selections 

By Mandarin 

1.40 Masked Ball. 2.10 Knyf. 2.40 Keep Hoping. 3.10 LUCKY 
RING (nap). 3.45 La mem. 4.15 Gel On Geraghty. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
1.40 Carvery. 2-10 Travel Magic 2.40 Relatively Easy. 3.10 Nino 
Bibbia. 3.45" My Oip Of Tea. 4 15 Gel On Geraghty. 

By Michael Seely 

1.40 Masked Ball. 3.10 Nino Bibbia. 

2.40 CARLSBERG HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2^25: 1m 4f 60yd) (5) 

001 RBAT1VELY EASY (Lady MacdonaM-Buchanan)M Prescott 9-7 GDuflWd 4 

STAKES (2-Y-0: £1 ,200: 61) (12) 

00440 SHINY KAY (Mis M Butter) W Bsey 96 

11 308 RHODE BLAND RH)W(G Cooper) JW Watts 94- 

0-0001 KEEP HOPMG (J DutteQ G Muffer 9-2 

000-002 TEARS OF LAUGHTBt (D Rawkngs) 


J Lowe 5 


15-8 Relatively Easy. 100-30 Keep Hoping, 9-2 Rhode Island Red. 6-1 Tears Of 
Laughter. 12-1 Stony Kay. 

FORM: RELATIVELY EASY (8-3) won 9 from Dark Srrona (8-3) 9 ran. Bath 1m 3f stks 
firm July 5. SHINY KAY (B-l l) 5th beaten 10W to Chauve Souris (9-0) 8 ran. York 1m 4t 

p good i 

beaten 1SI to Ktwta King (8-6) 10 ran. 
Selection: SHINY KAY 

teadison Girt ( 

41 from MadsonGirlO- 
July 23. TEARS OF LAUGtfTER (8-4) 2nd 
Doncaster im 41 h'cap firm June 27. 








3 WICHITA SPRINGS (A Budge) Jimmy Fitzgerald 
020 FfflMLY ATTACWED (MrsTBamsdwi) T Barron 
40 PWLOTAS (lord UmbtonJ Derys Snuth 8-9 
VBIHBflH (O MacPherson) P CNver M. 



8 - 8 - 


04 MAYSPARK(P Doherty) P Rohan 66. 

. A Murray 10 
BHcGiti (7)9 

MRy 3 

HuHar8-7 — G Carter (3)4 
J PleeidaH 1 

10-11 Get On Geraghty. 7-2 Supercube, 4-1 WichltB Springs. 8-1 Firmly Attached. 
12-1 PWloiBS. 14-1 others. 

£18502: 71) (9) 

1114-00 LUCKY RING 
233000 SHARP ■■■ 
044-204 HAD6ER(W| 

11-2000 themhuwtH 

1-24431 HARD ROUM) (R Sha 
3140-01 SAMARP (USA) (H H 

' M Sobeffl W Hem 4-9-3 W Carson 9 

I (SheMi M Al Sabah) B Hanbury 4-93. G Baxter 1 
(4-90 — S Ceuthen 6 

110423 NMO BIBBIA (USA) 

PHH.OTAS (9-0) 5th beaten 
ATTACHH) (8-5) 

firm July 11.MA' 
firm June 7. SUPERCUBE (8-4) 4th 
good to firm June 25. 


HI) 3rd beaten 51 to Summerh* Streak (9-0) m ft 
%l. 11 ran. Haydock 6t stks firm Juty 4. FIRMLY 

Epsom 61 stks 

June 7. GET 



| H Thomson Jones 3-8-8 AMonayO 

I M Ryan 30-5 P Robinson 4 

| (Sheikh Mohammed) LCuuian 3-8-5 — R Guest 3 
9-4 Nino Bfctta. 7-2 Samand. 4-1 Lucky Ring. 5-1 Hadeer. 8-1 Hard Round, 10-1 
TremUartL 14-1 Sharp Romance. 16-1 others. 

FORM: LUCKY RING (9-6) 5th beaten 71 to Pennine Walk (9-3) with HADEER (9-6) 2nd 

• Acaienango (Georg Bocskai) made it 10 wins in a row with a two- 
length victory over Theatrical (Michael Kinane) in the Grosser 
Preis von Berlin at Dusseldorf yesterday. Theatrical will now tackle 
the Budweiser Arlington Million on August 31. 

beaten KL 10 ran. 
Mister Wonderful 
Stks good to firm 
Newmarket 7f hr 

won 1^1 tram 

Im stks good June 6. HADEER latest (9-2|4ih beaten 3L nfc to 
With NWO BIBBtA (8-5) 2nd beaten 1W. U ran. Newmarket 71 
£8. TRBHBLAIYT (9-10) 6th beaten SKI to Patriach (9-1) 16 ran. 

July 8. HARD ROUND (86) won 2KI from GWe By (8-8) with 
beaten 4 11 ran. LingfieW 7f sties good Jite' I2.i 

(8-7) 15 ran. Curragn Im stks good June 28. SOUGHAAN ( 

last of 10 to Verd-Anbgue(8-6] 10 ran. Newmarket Im 2f stks good May 2. 
(9-0) earlier won wee 21 h-om HoOow Hand (9-0) 10 ran. Ascot 61 sties goal 
S e lection: HADEER 

• Tarib (Richard Hills) gained his second group race success in 
Germany when winning the Osiermann-Pokal at Gelsenkirchen on 

good Oct ii. 

• Thrill Show (Alfred Gibert) landed odds of 9-10 when winning 
the group three Prix Daphnis at Evry on Saturday. He runs next in 
the Prix de la Cote Normande at Deauville. 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: M Stoute. 1 3 winners from 35 
runners, 37.1%; A Jarvis. 7 from 33. 
21.2%; J Watts. 18 horn 107. 16.8%. 
JOCKEYS: W R Swffibum, 8 winners Iran 
37 ndes. 21.6%: T Ives. 15 from 80, 
1&6%; G OuffioU. 12 from 115. 10.4% 


TRAINERS: J Tree. 13 winners from 35 
runners. 37.1%; I Balding. 33. from 137, 
24.1%; M Smyly. 7 from 35. 20.0%. 
JOCKEY& Pot Eddery, 37 winners from 
134 (Ides. 27.0%; G Starkey. 13 from 69, 
18.8%; T Qumn, 8 from 45, 17.8%. 


TRAINERS: H Cecil 38 winners from 75 

runners. 50.7%: R Johnson Houghton. 8 
.10 from 74, 

from 58. 13.8%; B McMahon. 


JOCKEYS: No Quarters. 


TRAINBRS: A Stewart 6 vwreters from 16 
runners. 37.5%; J HBnday, 8 from 22, 
36.4%: W Hem. 12 from 55. 21 -8%. 
JOCKEYS: Pat Eddary. 58 winners from 
267 rides. 2f .7%: S Cauthen. 28 from 166, 
16.9%; W R Swinbum. 13 from 77. 169%. 

Leaders on the Flat 


H Cecil 
G Harwood 
J Dunlop 

B Hite 
I Balding 
R Hannon 

w m M ; 

61 40 22 
49 29 15 
43 31 33 
42 32 30 
36 22 30 
34 42 37 
33 28 30 
32 37 20 










Pat Eddery 
S Cauthen 
W Carson 
G DuffteU 
R Cochrane 
G Starkey 

ia w m 
109 67 48 
87 77 61 
64 53 58 
61 46 39 
45 57 36 
45 52 52 
44 36 35 
43 27 24 



0 +27.78 
5 -70.94 
5 -6760 

1 -7865 
9 -79.17 

20 -109.97 
7 -27.02 
1 -1569 


Going: firm 

Draw: 5f-6f, high numbers best 

STAKES (2-Y-O: £1.473: 61) (9) 

6 4 CfBUBANG J Dunlop 90 GBaiterB 

P Cook 8 


(2-Y-O: £1^05: 50 (7 runners) 

7 2131 SPITnN MKSK (0) M H Eastflrby 9-9 (7e0 — M Bfrdi 6 
9 2410 roURWAUt(B)(C)l*sNMarautoyS-7MBraon«i(7)4 

10 422 SPAMSH 

8 0002 CREAM AMD ORBBIKWMU 90.. ... 

11 GENTLE DARIUS M Ryan 941 H Cochrane 5 

15 4 KINGS VICTORY V Usher 9-0 MWUm3 

18 3 MUSTAKBIL P WAteyn 3-0 PtoEdtoyA 

20 00 SC' JLEIADOU R Johnson Hou^rttrt 9-0 S Whitwcrlfi 2 

22 SPLASHm OUT T Kersey 9-0 —9 

Lucky Bing, who found his 
best form at ibis time last year, 
can provide Dick Hern and 
Willie Carson with some 
compensation for the dis- 
appointing run of Petosld at 
.Ascot on Saturday, by winning 
the group -three Federation 
Brewery Beeswing Stakes at 
Newcastle this afternoon. 

Twelve months ago this week 
Lucky Ring ran out an easy 
winner of the Paul Masson 
Handicap at Goodwood and 
from there the Auction Ring colt 
progressed to win a valuable all- 
aged handicap at York and a 
listed race at Doncaster before 
finishing a close fourth in group 
company at Longchamp. 

Lucky Ring failed to show 
that sparkle in his first two races 
this year but the stable was not 
firing at that stage of the season 
and he has been given plenty of 
time since to come to himself. 
The West Ilsley team have 
begun to find their form in 
recent weeks and if Carson 
shows the dash he displayed 
when landing a 1000-1 treble at 
Friday, Lucky Ring should see 
off a strong three-year-old chal- 
lenge from Hard Round, Nino 
Bibbia and Samand. 

Geoff Huffer’s horses are 
banning to find their feet after 
a period in the doldrums and the 
Newmarket trainer has double 
prospects with Keep Hoping 
(2.40) and Get On Geraghty 

Masked Ball can gain a 
deserved victory in the Holsten 
Dial Pits Handicap following his 
game Magnet Cup effort when 
just touched off by Chauraiere 
after attempting to make alL 

At Bath. The Mechanic 
makes a quick reappearance in 
the Bet With The Tote Handi- 
cap after beating a good field at 
Sand own on Wednesday eve- 
ning. If anything, he has less to 
do here. 

Olivier Douieb has bright 
prospects of a double this eve- 
ning with Loirredennes (8.15 
Nottingham) and The Taleteller 
(8.40 Windsor), the latter hav- 
ing been particularly impressive 
when making a winning debut at 
the Thamesside track three 

11 1 FICKLE YOUNG NAN (tty? 1 FairfrurSt 9-5 — 



- N Day 3 
A Bonds 

00 STREET LEGAL R Boss'9-0 E Guest pi 7 

00 OUNGEHUi. STAR J Heins 8-11 A Proud 1 

18 0381 LAST RECOVERY fB|(P)'M Ryan 8-8 (7exlR Cochrane 7 

14 3220 DOMMO ROSE N Timer 7-13 KteTMdor(91 

17 01 MCHOLAS GEORGE (P)B McMahon 7-8_ JHUfafS) 2 

11-4 Last Recovery. 3-1 Sprttm Mick. 4-1 Fickle Young 
Man. 9-1 Spanish Slipper. 8-1 Nicholas Gnotge. 12-1 Domino 
Rose. 14-1 Founvak. 


9-4 Kirns Viawv. 3-1 Chibang. 4-1 Mustek** 6-1 Cream 
Green, a- 1 Gentle Darius. 12-1 Soule 

Souteaoou. 14-1 o there. 

7.45 ARTHUR CARR CUP (£1,9)4: Im 6f) (3) 

3 0112 DIVA ENCORE (D) (BF) R Armstrong 3-9-13 (fie*) 

V Smith (5)1 

10 0034 REFORM PRMCESSMM Ryan 3-94 -RCtonm 3 
74 000 0 TOUCH OF LUCK (FRJ R HoOrehaad 46-10. 

Nottingham selections 

S Fata 2 

8-11 Diva Encore. 5-4 Relorm, 11-2 Touch Of Luck. 

By Mandarin 
6.15 Spittin Mick. 6.45 Winding Path. 7.15 
ChiJibang. 7.45 Diva Encore. 8.15 touveciennes. 
8.45 Giving It All Away. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.15 Lasi Recovery, 6.45 Straight Bat. 7.15 
Gentle Darius. 7.45 Diva Encore. 8.15 


STAKES (3-Y-O: £1.799: Im 21) (12) 

4 0300 FESTIVAL CITY (USA) (B) B HBS 90 Ri 

8 2004 MOONSTRUCK (USA) M Ryan 94) PRoteoon2 

9 MOWSOOM (USA) H Cool 9-0 W Ryan 7 

10 OUR HERO J Dunlop 94) G Baiter 4 

T2 04 REAL MOONSHNE A Stewart 94) Paul Eddery 9 


17 0-30 STORMGUARDWJaroM GDuffMd12 

20 00- BRANCH OUT N Vigors 8-11 P Cook 6 

28 00 UNASHGWraggSl! S Bridta (7> 1 

27 3 LOUVENCIENNES (USA) O DoueO 8-1 1 .ft Cochrane 3 

SELLING STAKES (3-Y-O: £859: 6f) (12) 

1 4030 MY DERYA(B)B McMahon 94.. 
3 0 SLY MAID B Richmond 9-0 

- A Rop«r 4 

32 34)2 NAJIDIVA (USA) R Johnson HougNOn 8-11 


40 00- VENUS SAGA Mrs CRoavey 8-11 i Johnson S 

10-11 Mowsoom. 3-1 Festival City, 5-1 Nftjjdiya. 
8-1 Louvenoannes. 12-' Moonstruck. 16-1 others. 

4 0400 WtWDWG PATH (O) R HoNnshtsaO 9-0— A WhaehaS 1 

5 0 (MEENHttiS BOY M Ryan 8-10 P Barnard S 

6 34» NEDDY W High 6-10— 

7 0000 M£RCUG0Lff(B)B Morgan 8-10 CPrtnraW 

8 STRAIGHT BAT P Hasten 8-10 — J ScaBj 3 

— 10 

10 0000 BAO (B) J Cosmava 8-7 

11 atSCADMGCDfflw 8-7 

..... — 5 

13 0410 CONNAUGHT BROADS J Spearing 8-7 

15 0410 LAST JEWEL C Spares 8-7 

17 -030 OUR CMLDflEN W Wharton 6-7. — ™ 

5-2 Our Chidren. 7*2 Winding Path. 9-2 Greenhflls Boy. 

P Hffl 9 

N Careen 7 
.. J Ward 2 

5-1 My Derya. 8-1 Last Jewel. 12-f Straight BbL 14-t others 

(3-Y-O: £2,161: im 50yd) (6) 

5 4000 LIGHTNING WHO M Usher 9-2. MVAqham* 

12 3003 FARAG (USA) (C-D) P Wateyn 8-12. ... Paul Eddery 6 

15 4104 OUT OF STOCK M ESanshand 8-11 — S 

18 0002 GIVWG IT ALL AWAY H Beasley 8-8 R Cochrane 2 

32 0-00 SEAGO 0 And 7-1 1 ... PR<*»non3 

39 -000 KL0STERB8AU J Spawvig 7-7 .. . . G French 1 

2-i Farag. 7-2 Qmg It All Away. 9-2 Out Of Stock. 

5-1 Lightning Wind. 8-1 RlOStwfrreu. 10-t Saago 

weeks ago. 

Acushla breaks 

track record 

Despite hitting her head on 
the smiting stalls. Robert 
Sangster’s Storm Bird filly, 
Acushla. sei a new electrically- 
recorded course record for six 
furlongs at Phoenix Park on 
Saturday when winning the 
group three Baroda Stud Phoe- 
nix Sprint (Our Irish Racing 
Correspondent writes). 

Cash Asmusseu. deputizing 
for Pal Eddery, dictated matters 
all the way and Acushla's 1 11b 
allowance enabled her to reverse 
previous form with London 
Tower, who was now beaten 
four lengths into second place. 

The winner, a third stakes 
winner in seven days for her 
sire. Storm Bird, may stay in 
training as a four-year-old. 

Blinkered first time 

NEWCASTLE: 1 40Stnotfy Business. 2.40 

Rhode island Red 3 10 Lucky flmg. 3.45 
i. My Cup oi Tea. 

ar A Dream. Dorade. 

Feather Gm 4 15 Brooi'side. 

WINDSOR; 645 Del Boy. Celestial Drive. 
7 10 Enchamed Tunes. 7.40 Swedish 
Pnncess 840Gleonair 
BATH: 2 0 Avenmore Star. Seaming 
Snadyiady. 2.30 Guessing. 3.30 Common 
Accord 4 Q Dutinrawe 
NOTTINGHAM; 615 FourwaR Last 
Recovery 815 Festival Crty 

Saturday's results, p25 



Going: good to firm 

Draw: low numbers best 

4M0 BILLY HMTE8N0ES L COtM 4.7-7. 

J <00- GALLANT HOPE L OMNI *-7-7. 

19 M 0- HEKkC JAMFSH 0~Ne» 7-7-7. 



NC— Mrtf_ 

■ NON Itt SW D tS 


as i'--' 1 - 


it may 

,:.d. :R. t 

167yd) (8) 

54 Sam Reasoning, IM The Mechani&. 3-1 Deputy 
ifiUrtastW'"* — ' ' 

' --c 

j tii for 
. c.-tal 


Head. 8-1 Lucky Sartdst; 12-1 Three Betts, 16-1 GattantHopw 
20-1 others. - 

1 0120 OEARWAYR 

2 000 JABEMACLHafr 


3 0032 BIOTIN P Haynes 511. 


. JRcMfl 

0 RASTER (B)RSOttJS 511. 

000 AVBMWRE STARE Whoalr 58. 
DOWiA IMMOBLE R Hannon 58- 

000 RaAMPEG0(nKlvaiy9a 

0 THORNYHmM Usher 84L- 

P WskfranS 


Pet Eddary 5 
. GMorgm* 


51 Jabe Mac. 10530 Oeanray, 7-2 Miss Acacia. . 4-T 
Biotin, 51 TiUoiflo. 151 Donna lmmoate. ' 

330 KEYNSHAM HANDICAP (3-Y-O; £2^89: lirt 

M(16) j 

2 OOM COWITRYOStTLEIIAN J tkrtop 9-7 __ Pet Eddary T 

7 4102 LYIXA LANGUISH (BF) R Hannon 9-0 AMcGtone? 

9 -004 OUT OF STOCK MBtentaKl 513 WNmM»5- 

11 -200 StTZCARHALDQR Hanpon 511 —I 

14 0008 CHARDONNAY D Laaig 58 ! DGIretot 

15 0410 IQTTY CL ARE P Wa friyn 97 : -—!*• 

16 41000 BRANT nVBOOEGBiMkig 96 J WWaonta 


Ov s - 


E: a 

14-1 others. 

17 4000 SAXON BAZAAR M Usher 

.R Cerent 1 

Bath selections 

By Mandsuiii 

2.0 Jabe Mac. 2-30 Guessing- 3.0 The Mechanic. 
3.30 Chardonnay. 4.0 Aphrosina. 430 High 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

4.0 Angels Are Blue. 

n rn Of BOLD ARCHBt M Fathere1on-Godtejr55(7ex) . 

C Rutter 'iS) IB. 

2 i mo — «. 


22 -M0 LA JAMBALAYAFMahio 54- 

T Quinn S 

23 0000 CdMiiONACCaiD(njSutdMB8^ -Mttte1« 

24.-000 ATOLTOX R Hotter 51 i __i SDMMR4 

26 000 AWSHAFAK(B.CBanstaad51 -FWakfcsnll 

50U HOME OR AWAY JBetar 7-13— 


28 0003 TOM RUM H Candy 7-13- 

H Atoka 12 

742 La Jarafaeteya.52Sftzcanaido.5f BoW Archer. Ly 
Languish. 1142 Country- Genttaman, '13-2 Out Of Stock. 151 
Ctuntoreny, 151 ottos. . 

i •; 

3f 150yd) (19) 

1 00 BANG BANG JBradtey 44-4; JWamalS 

3 00 /0- CELTIC STORY J Jertlons 6-94 — PHuteMaon (3) U 

4 0/0- CHEF BLACKFOOTJ OU 74M D Kent (7) 6 

7 00 MOLYBDENUM J8nKMy 554 G Dickie 16 

B 0000 MOUNT ARGUS MMcCourt 454 R Wemtam 2 

10 000/ WVRE POUR WVRE (TTY) J Baker 594 — GSuton 9 

11 -000 BUU.YBQYDHarriBy344 — S Dawson 10 

13 0000 CHUCMfSTONED Late! 3-58- N Atom 17 

£1,372: 5f 167yd) (12) 

2 a CAREBl MADNESS M Ryan 94). 

6 0000 KHLE5TAK0V R Smyly 94L 

8 0202 NOHTl gHN LA D J Holt 941 


10 . 0 SRTAN DANCER CWkfenan 90 

:hc fH 

-v: -jr UJTi 

•ft! Mi-v:" % c rp. Ai| 

V?. Vu - ;-. !" +- ■- “ 

i ‘,C~cr. ! j«: • are MM 

ri« cm 

crris H l-’« new W 
: ' ; 

Itas^ scare* 1 

L “=‘r? . ..u- o£ 

.31= =a-*- - ”3. 7m 

frrs: :f i? ". 72 3t1 

:* • • m i v P 'w'qj) 
-'Vf +.JU. 71 


? «3 ?l-: 

90 — L J olw«T(7)g; 


14 0-40 CLOUD CNASERW Brooks 308 — L Many (7) 19 

16 -230 GANOON (USA) P Cote 30-8 T Oaten 11 

18 0 GUESSING (RGHanrood 580— G Start's* 7 

22 R0U8AYD R Johnson Houghton 30-8 J Raid 3 

23 00 ROUGH PASSAGE (USA)*! Usher 308- A McQkne 4 

Pat Eddary ~t 

|N AdarecIO 

I LAD R Holder 308. 


26 0 SUEZ (USA) I Bakfinq 30-8 

27 000 WMDY HOLLOW M Francis 558. 
I (USA) B Wb 34 

RK J Dunlop 3-8- 

. A Dicfcs (7) 14 

— S Payne 1 
. Paol Eddery 5 

- B Thomson ■ 
PM Eddary 12 

13 0230 ANQELB ARE BLUE M Ryan 511 

14 0000 APHROSMACB) J Trea8-11 

IB 500 DASHAKI GOTO R Juekas 511 
17 3413 DUBUNAIRE (B) M Pg» 511 

.25 Ota JACOW JOY K frory 511 
. 27 000 SUNNY MATCH L uffiral 511 
51 DuOmsre, 7-2 _ 

Ara Blue, 51 Sumy Match, 151 Khiestekov, Jacqui Joy, 




• - - ; ■ ■ — • *■« 
&7zr> : ii . 1 Xt SIM 

*: ^ ~.T*t ?t 

.. • • f4 -5 re. m 

“■« r r.wn 

51 Northern Lad. 51 Angete 7 


4S0 AVON HANDICAP (£2,725: Inv 5f 12yd) ftS} ;.' 

2 1-44 PRIMARY fCAM G Harwood 358___ A-Ctark t2 ■ 
5 0104 MIUEirS TALE (tniBaUng 400- 

5-2 Ganoon. 7-2 Guereana Rough Peasage. 51 Solomon 
». 151 Croud eraser, 151 Ntte Lark, 151 

Lad. 51 ChucWestone, 


167yd) (11) 

1 1330 DEPUTY HEAD (C-DJJHoB 60-10 P Walton 9 

4 404 SOUWRGASONMGB HRs 30-13 B Thomson 8 

7 M0 SHE KNOWS TT ALL (C-OJ M Pipe 4-88 —3 

M MCCOUrt 4-8-4 — 


SO TO o n ne n (7>y 
. Pat Eddary HT 
. WHewneeB - 
. CRullerpri 
— M C— Me T 


IB 340/ PLAZA TORO W Tuner 7-7-7 p Hci»»f 

18.400/ MORVB ttl J Je ijaw _7-7-7 P Hat Ch h— . 

jt _ - -■ - ?. □ ijewa 

7; wja_r 

6 0214 KMQ JACK 

8 osea HKSHPLAMS if Candy 4-8 

9 0214 PELUNCOURT R Akannt 408 

10 2000 TAR'S WU-LCWtrel 557. 

11 ROYAL BAIZE J Baker 957 


.1 r? 

K* 78 S3 

'£ E Darcy ( 

"MHOin J JHIKUTIS l-l-l 

T9 -000 TAFFVS PRIDE (8) I Wanfa 4-7-7, 

athle tics 

SS^Iwaefr omen si 

9 1231 THE MECHAMC (B)J Sirtcttffe 38-4 (7ex) C Rutlar (5) 1 
12 3140 LUCKY STARK1ST N HOite 4-8-1 SDewaon* 

10530 Primary. 4-1 ^a^Jegc. Mmefs Tele, 

PeBtegoouR.11-2 Isom Dart, 51 
1 others. 







-6f high numbers best 

£990: 5f) (12 runners) 

02 BALTIC SHORE (USA) M StOUto 90.. WR9wUbura2 

0 BAREFACED M Smyly 90 PM Eddery 3 

BU-SOFYAN J HcittM) P Waldron 9 

0 HAMY-EMTM Jones 90 PTu*5 

0 H OIte G OD M Usher 90 AMcGtoneA 

0 SUPREME STATE P Mate) 90 TQtenlO 

JEALOUS LONER PMskn 511 D Prices. 

21 300 BLOFFAPCunds07-8 

22 20<0 SILVERS BtANCateahan 7-7. 

23 010 GLORY BEE (D) JHoit7-7_ 

24 0024 SARASOTA RAkehwst 7-7. 
51 Good Time Girt. 7-0 

wwrttot r. 

>».*.*■ ~ i ' F - T 'oum 

130 Danring Dee. 90 Stews Era, 10-1 Ftefr renc. *aoo m 
Batteys. Lora Westgate. 14-1 Enchanted TlmevlS-rotoST 











™ROYAL borough HANDICAP (£2,742 tiro ^ 


UTTLE LOCHETTE 0 A Wilson 511 . 

0» MAD AM BK LAMCBflaflran 511 


3 MISS MUEAGH A Batty 51 1 


B noose 6 



f ™ raSBBws^sasa.- 
;! « asgKaea&— «^5s 

13 SSR WSS MOMROER Hannon *57 . . 

S C atalan 12 

4-5 Baltic Shore, 7-4 That Certain Smile, 51 Mss 
MKveagh. 151 Barefaced. 151 Madam BMa, 251 others. 

Windsor selections 

By Mandarin 

6.20 Baltic Shore. 6.45 Miss Venezuela. 7.10 
Penang Beauty. 7.40 House Hunter. 8.10 Lady 
Lamb. S.40 The Taleteller. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.20 Baltic Shore. 6.45 Gay wood GirL 7.10 Flair 
Park. 7.40 Aidino. 8. 10 Arrow Of Light. 8.40 The 

Michael Seely's selection: 6.20 BALTIC SHORE 

W* reso Muttnuc h Hannon 4-B-7 

14 -000 KILIMANJARO m (to RJWMUW457 

35 OMO MOtraJWE TROPHY P Bman * cSTl! 

i ^ aaaeBaB8p>».»»K ST 

20 2000 'TAMBRTOWH LAD J JteikinBlsS^^T^T . 

II ™ J Janfcjn^A-7.13 ? 

22 235 BE nr J Jenlw« 3-7- ~ • HHwa 9 




7^d)™ NeS 

S AOaSK8iBSr+-^Bt 

N Adam 13 

1 0000 Cmni&TBtSDffiAM(B)JRBirett98 
3 008 DELBOY(B)DJormy98 . 

5 0000 SEQUESTRATION CAutin 98 AMcGtone 1£ 

6 3201 THE UTE (to (C-D) MISS L Bower 98— PMeEntecIO 

7 0000 WINNWG^ ttRWATPMaim 98 SCautieq3 

8 -000 ABSOLUTELY BONKERS M Smyly 511 

9 MO ALSACE A Davison 51 T 

12 -200 C&EST1AL DRIVE (B) R Hannon 511 . 

) G ftMchanHaordon 55 
]5 OOM AtWABELUItAG Wrinft98 . 

16 0000 bakbwdoughglSsmT! - — ^? i5!2552, 

» g*A1B gRARKBDow513 ! 


< BllKMiaonS 

J (B) R Hannon 511 SRmhB 

14 -000 GAYWOOOGnLMnm0Wn9511 MRimmerlS 

17 3224 MBS T0MLS D total Jones 511 JW*am>2 

18 0004 RBSSVB4EZUELA<BF)CHragan511„PMEddteyT 

19 -000 MY MUT2IEB Stevens 511 C Rutter ($4 

V> ^ tUTL * |, «Kcundatt5ll 

23 0001- TROBEIRJOUS JETlDStoMiiSdjiliteicMO 
* mn n>iwi r. ■> •. . - . -PR 

: 1» 

25 0000 JAAZKLDmuHj 
■35 000- 

— 510. 


-j 18 


20 -000 PADDMGTON BELLE (B) B Stevens 511. A Madtay 11 

21 0000 PEGASUS LADY PBirgoyne 511— WNwms7 

22 080 flOCKYlLl£ SOUAWAIAocre 511— A Conwy (7)S 

23 000 SHEER CUSS J Lon 511 

24 0000 SOMEWAY J Hotr5l ... 
26 000 TOWN FAIR P Cate 511 

. PWaMranO 
. TQuno 17 

, 11-4 Celestial Onre, 10530 Mtes VenoBtaa, 51 Tlw Utt, 
7-1 MISS Tomtee. 51 % Mutzn. Absolutely Bonkers, 151 0*- 
Boy. 151 Peddrogton Bette. 151 othors. 

7.10 ETON NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O; £2.313: 

ai« MAIDENHEAD STAKES (£1. W5: Ini 20 && 

— ri _2 

* 00 «BO^ESBOYAOwl«»A. 

| “Si TA5HO WYA J Jenk ins 45S^ 

6 GDDQ lftfism mcnnvw d »— ■ ■ w 

3 130 BiCkANTEDT1ME8CHwnn57_ 
’ D)EBdn9-3. 

4 1 

j f §si*S_ 
; s snmatcibz 

is 04a MURAJAHCBenstead84 

20 0112 GOOD Ttee GWL (D) R H»vwn 7-9 

— PatEdtoy 1 

— T Lucre 13 

. BThoauon TO 

_ CRunar(5}0 


11 1 THETALETaLER t^)Ol«Sb3S-1 0 

W 50 CUBMABl (8) j 
» S5 g®»SNwton3#4 

wgou s ivurten 3-84 — ■ — 










Navratilova takes the 
credit for diplomacy 
as US capture trophy 


If L ** 

lotn Hi iL* tW 


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;bi> ™ 

Martina Navratilova won a 
tetfms rnaich here yesterday 
add a lot more besides. By 
beating her former compatriot 
Hhba Mandlikova 7-5, 6-1 to 
”t give the United States a 2-0 
winning lead over Czechoslo- 
vakia -in the final of the 
Federation Cup, Miss 
Navratilova completed a week 
that has broken down terriers, 
buried myths and allowed 
sport to triumph over politics 
io the purest and most harmo- 
nious way. 

: The whole exercise has been 
extremely significant for East- 
West sport and if the players, 
with a wonderfully diplomatic 
Miss Navratilova setting the 
tone, have behaved impecca- 
bly, - the . Czech public has 
emerged as the real heroes. 
.-Their. emotional but always 
polite support of Miss 
Navratilova embraced the 
whole United States team 
\ right up to the moment they 
played Czechoslovakia yester- 
day. Then, quite reasonably, 
Helena Sukova and Miss 
Mandlikova became the bene- 
ficiaries .of their rhythmical 
ciappihfi and generous 

^At -the end Miss 

.in •*{**] out of 

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From Richards Evans, Prague 

Navratilova crowned her per- 
formance as the players left 
this imposing, high tiered 
stadium by putting her arm 
around Hans's shoulder. For a 
few brief strides two great 
Czech champions were united 
and the crowd roared their 
approval. Up in the officials' 
box. the Prime Minister and 
two members of his cabinet 
were left to make what they 
liked of it. But the message 
was as clear as Czech crystal 

Obviously Miss 

Mandlikova was bitterly dis- 
appointed. She had thrown 
away much good work in the 
first set with two double faults 
in the 12th game after leading 
40-0. Miss Navratilova, who 
had survived two break points 
against her own service at 2-2 
was growing in confidence by 
the minute and, having been 
saved the need to win a tie- 
break, started forcing a stream 
of errors out of the 
Mandlikova forehand as she 
swept majestically through the 
second set. 

Earlier, Chris Lloyd had 
made life easier for Martina by 
beating Miss Sukova 7-5. 7-6 
in a match that produced the 

best tennis of the week. A run 
of nine consecutive points 
enabled the daughter of the 
Czech Federation president to 
pull back from 2-5 in the 
second set as Mrs Lloyd's 
service starred producing a 
siring of double faults but the 
American steadied herself suf- 
ficiently to win a tenth tie- 
break by 7-5. 

Annabel Croft and Anne 
Hobbs stuck to their task 
commendabjy in the consola- 
tion competition and secured 
the trophy for Britain by 
winning both their singles 
against the Soviet Union. 

RESULTS: ChantplonsMp: United 
States 3, CzschoslovaKia 0: C 
Uoyd bt H Sukova. 7-5. 7-6; M 
Navratilova bt H MandWtova, 7-5 5- 
t; Navratilova and P Shriver bt 
Mandlikova and Sukova. 6-4. 6-2. 
Consolation final: Great Britain 2, 
Soviet Union 1: A Hobbs bt N 
Zvereva. 6-3. 7-5; A Croft bt L 
Savchenko. 6-4, 6-0; S Parkomenko 
and N Svkpva bt Croft and Hobbs. 
6-2. 6-1. 

Wiiander beaten 

BASTAD, (AP) - Emilio 
Sanchez beat the top seed, 
Mats Wiiander 7-6, 4-6, 6-4 
Sunday to win the singles title 
in the S 1 25,000 Swedish Open 


: . man in 
a million 

• Noordwijk (Reuter) — 
Severiano Ballesteros's brilliant 
career turned full circle yes- 
terday as be won the Dutch 
Open championship by a run- 
away eight strokes. That was the 
margin -by which Ballesteros 
won the first of his 48 major 
titles- around the world, in the 
1976 Dutch Open. 

■ Ballesteros fired a 68 for a 
niae-below-par 271 total to 
finish ahead of his fellow- 
Spaniard Jose Rivero (72), with 
Britain's Philip Parkin (72) and 
Argentina's Vicente Fernandez 
(algo 72) sharing third place on 

. Ballesteros's victory, the fifth 
in , his last six tournaments, 
earned him £23.330 sterling and 
made him the first man to win 
£1 million in Europe. 

.His season's earnings from 
nine starts, in which his worst 
finish bas.been joint sixth in last 
The Oprit' last , week, .are, more 
than- £195.000 and -hts career 
earnings -in Europe now total 
£1.005,838 sterling. 

RESULTS: Luting final kwh (08 
yntess sBJbUJ: 271:5 Bafleswe® fScJ.ra, . 
63*71. 68.2/ft J Rwero (SpL 72. 66. 89. 
72, 280: P Parkin. 71. 64. 73, 72: V 
Fernanttez (Ara). 68. 68. 71. 72. 281: G 
Brand jnr, 71. 67. 60. 74; M Ptfero (Sp). 
70.66. Vi. 74; I Bakw-fintfi jMutt 72.66. 
71, '72; O Smyth Crtl. 75. 63. 73. 70. B 
Morchbank, 73. 66. 72, 70; 282: G Marsh 
(Aus). 72. 66. 75. 89: 2S3: GTumw 7« « 
7271. I Woosram 73 64 76 70. 284: S 
Bsnrwn71 66 72 75. C 0-Gwmor Jnrflrej. 
74. 66, 69, 72: J M qtazabaHSp). 7066, 
76.72: T Gale (Ah). 73. S7.73.Tl. 28& A 

Roe, 76. ea 71. 73; M McNufty IZimt 75. 
68. 71. 72.287: P RaaterlAust A, 89. 70. 
78, J Hetparw. 70, 68, ^ 74;B UPBjJft 
62. 73. TOR RaflOrty.77, 63. 76.71. 28ft 
□VWfams. 73. 68. 73. 78. WUmimur .72. 
B7: 74. 75; B Oanacher. 75. 69. 72. 72. 2» 
DFehwiy. 7S. 85. 72. 76. A Murray. 71 . 68. 
73. 78; D Rffi. 74. 70. 72. 74; PHamson. 
75. 65. 75. 75: J Mrran. 74 ». 72.73. 

2M: L Jones. 76. 63. 74. 78; O UeweDyn. 

74, 85. 75. 77; C M»oa 77. 67-7°.77?N 
Hansen, 77. 66. 78. J Wool. 78. 83. 79. 
71; I Mosey. 71. 67. 77. 76; B Darcy (W. 

Three quit 

By John Hennessy 

Three of the eight seeded 
players in the English amateur 
championship at Hillside, Sou- 
thport, this week have declared 
their intention to turn pro- 
fessional. This is a sad loss to the 
amateur game but perhaps in- 
evitable when the PGA Euro- 
pean Tour can now offer such 
rich pickings. 

The three are: Peter Baker and 
David Gilford, both Walker 
Cup players, and Mark Davis, 
who was beaten in the first 
round proper of the British 
Amateur championship at Roy- 
al Lytham and St Annes last 
month after finishing second in 
the stroke-play qualifying 

None of them, of course, can 
be considered for England’s 
team for the home inter- 
nationals in September, to be 
chosen on Thursday, still less 
for the four-man team to repre- 
sent Great Britain and Ireland in 
the World Team’championship 
in Venezuela in November. 

But the favourite this week is 
in any case likely to be Peter 
McEvoy, now regarded as some- 
thing of a veteran at the ripe old 
age of 33. ■ He has woo every 
honour the game can bestow, 
except for his own national title. 
He has won the British twice, in 
the process of acquiring a 
reputation second only to ihatof 
Michael BonaJIack since the 
War. but the English has so fer 
eluded him.: ' 

He needs it, he says, “for the 
fuQ set," and relishes the pros- 
pect of tackling Hillside with its 
superb greens, light lies on the 
fiurway and nice thick roughs." 
A golf course, he argues, needs 
to be “very tough” for a 
championship like this. 


Mrs Green 
pulls off 
coup d’etat 

By Jenny McArthur 

Lucinda Green, riding with 
dash and determination com- 
pleted an outstanding day at the 
Croft Original Horse Trials at 
Holker Hall in Cumbria yes- 
terday. by winning both the 
advanced sections. She won 
Section K on SR International's 
Shannagh, who goes to the 
Luhmuhlen three-day event in 
West Germany next month and 
won Section L on Willy B. the 
horse formerly ridden by Colin 

Mrs Green, who had never 
competed at Holker. also fin- 
ished third in Section L on Brass 

In Section K Mrs Green and 
Shannagh collected only six 
lime faults. Their victory came 
at the expense of the Range 
Rover team whose Jon Evans, 
on The Cordwainer. had to 
settle for second place and the 
satisfaction of relegating his 
employer. Captain Mark Phil- 
lips on Distinctive, to third 

In Section L it was the world 
champion Gilly Leng who suf- 
fered from Mrs Green's form. 

Nigel Taylor gave his new 
sponsor, the Mallinson- Denny 
Group, plenty to smile about. 
He rode five horses altogether 
and was never out of the top 

RESULTS: Advanced Section PC 1. 
Snannagh IL Green) 2ft 2. Tiw Corti- 
•ranerfr/ Evans I 3s; 3, Otefinctn* (M 
PliN^4i. Advanced Section L: i.why 

i) 34; Z Nicrt Cap (V Leng) 34; 3. 
Brass Monkey (L Greer ) 36. Section a. 
Cock at the Mottle 1. Jasper V (C 

3. Fenk (A Bunwa) SO. Section M (open 
hitenmmate): 1. Hunttto Hubble (M 
Cofquhoun) 37: 2. Bole beck Flyer (A-M 
Taylor) 40; & Genera) Bugle |M Tucfcar) 
42. Section j (open Intermediate): 1. 
Bamabua Brown (P MuNJ 35; 2. Wetan 
Graduate (J Search) 3ft. 3. Full Swing (N 
Taylor) 41. 




EKSEUfc Southern woman's in»f-couirt*i 
ttninplow Pi lp : 1, Sumy. 48pa; 2. Kent. 36: 
3. Essex 27 K. . „ 

OAPtTFORO: HalMwvatborc t. PC Berny 


JtiPWL Cwifttidge. H amers, 15 <* 3 - |Ujnjinft 

SOFIA, EkVaann: 

Men's loft QuenoMMakB T Ovu (CUai tit T 
wexmer (WG). 1(M: Z Eragi (Hung) W U 
Wagner (EGJ. 10-3:M Wurrwra.or 
(It). 10-6: A Borate |»« S Cenom i WV ift-7. 
WlViMe: tto w &sek. 104 BwHa be 
Pikima, 12-10. Ftaefe Borate bt aar. 105. 


STOKE: Pride of ttie Potienee neetiM: 1. P 
Dim (Stoke). I4pts: 2. N Cratnrae (Stoke). 
13: 3. J Luckhursl (Whnnieoon). 11. «. M 
Femora (Long Eaton). 11; 5. O Sumner 
(SeskeK 11.6. MWMdng(SlokB), 11 (alter net- 



NpRTH AMStiCA: Nationen 
S5^aSw»aw?PtougtonA «nB2;S M 

Cat drab 3. San Oego Madras l 
Louis Cerduaia 4. San “ 
ChfcMO Cubs 9. Los f 

Padres 2. 
Were 4; San 

Gen 9. Kasaurgn piraia* ft 

Onowwll Reds 7. Momrwl ESpOs 6;«»&- 
defpna pnwaa 3. Housttm Aama Z Aium *. 
New York Mm 3 and.Aaana 8. Naw Vote ft 


Toronto Blue Jays 5 [10 

Ste ft CaMonva Anpa 1. ®«wda«Ba». 

mom Pno ffis 2. J ***? i 

MtaHsote Tuans 6. New Tort Yarkeee «. 
CaBonva. Angels ft Boston Red Soe ^ 

Rangas . 

ikae Brewers 2- 


SACRAMRW7Q. CaWarmK Uabed «a»es ~ 
Uovtei Unton eMttttf tonttodonal ineeraiff 

naovOanW. 69. BB. 7ft 7ft Mft P 0aon 
jSrrartonl-upon-Ayont. 73. 70. 72. 70. 2«7: D 
br^ruen irronrwnden).7*.70. n . 72 “ft* 

1 k’i£ s iz 7T*k 

(Gian Gorae). 78. 72. 75. 72; M Tbo maa 

jSSiceswrt TftT*. 7ft 74. DVau^wn (Vale 

69. 67. 1 m T S' 

63 2B3: G StetolJ 69. S7- 67. 2&tKK^-6a, 
66. 6ft 20S-- W Grady (Aittl 69, BJ. 6ft JNC 
Ctian (TelwsnLTO. 71 . 64: E PicH &3. SS. 7ft. J 
C Snead. 57.70, B8: B TO: J 

SSSl 7ft 66^87^' IchS^ger. 70.GS. 69. 


TOMWTO 2 «^*bWow^s Bwrdrt 
Trad. Cart,?* SISSSS 

WEST 8ERLM E uro pea n you*) ctienptoo- 
■Mpc: Merc 100 ewtm tnosnrte: 1. M 
Herrmann (WG|. 52.00 seconds, ft H Cadsaon 
(Sw«|. 52.44: 3. O Denft (USSR). 53.1ft 
TOM medkr 1. A I W Mii (WG). 2:09 J4; 2. 
0 Zykov i USSR). 2:10 ll.3.0Jouetra(Nei«. 
2:11.00- WOOm ft ee e t y to: 1. S BamaWfc (It). 
15:25.94: 2. W KaiaustHima). 15 M.W: 3. J 
Hoffmann JEG). 13:50.73. W ome n: 100m 
1. S ScteSze (EGL 6648. 2. D 

Hunger (EG). 5785: 3. L . . .. 

57 57. 200m medley: 1. C Sedtte (EG). 
2.lft33. 2. O Varaa'lHimg), 2^024. 3. V 
Uppmenn (EG). 221^1 


BAOOKUNE. MmuaclHiaette: Unded Staiea 
prafesaioaai cteamptomtdpK SemMmalK 
IMu: A Gomez (Ecu) bt K Cartoon (Swet. 
4-8.84. 5-2: V Jane tAn/j tan Oats Pena 
(Are). 6-2. 6-1 . Ooubtes: O Cassidy (US1 and M 
KrSa (US) W B Mob (SA) and J WmoalV 
(Straw 64. 7-6. 

LIVINGSTON, Naw Jersey: SM-Wmkc 
Man's w ye B Gtttort ftiSl bi c van 
Renaourg (E*^-3. 64; M Laadi (US) ta W 


|U (USSR) « T I 

FteZ^ian. 7ft BB. 72; A 

■kg: R Tdsftev (USSR) bt 0 70. 69: N Scranton, 7ft 6ft 7ft2i* ** 

— ' E Suchkov 74. 69. 7ft. M Bertooto. 71. 69. 73. *Mc D 
Qarnwn. 75. 7ft 69; D Massey. 72. 6ft 74. 
216: S Palmar. 71. 73. 71 Bmhowrsky. 73. 
73 69 S Turner. 71. 71. 73: A Alcoa 7ft 7ft 
69.' R Jones. 7ft 72. 71. 

75kg: D 

■ i 81 kg: R 
: (OS). w>sn «s. 9ikg 
B J UWM..(U8L.™I 



Bsto road): WO-mto ttoie 1 . 

WW - 3 ""^ft’s^SS^a 



WUERZBURG. West Germany: Man's {Mar- 
national eompaildiw: 'Vest German* 

smvnatoauer (WG). 57.45MK ft t oewen 
HIM 5725: 3. 0 Hayden (USL 57_20;ft. P 


^P'mrn 65 .«o":~i6. m’ winner (WG).’ C 
^SonliS). 55Z0; Ift D Haydn (US). 45.75. 


(Cnamvwod CRC) 5544. Team Deioy 

nnfe^Mail CC (25 iwSesf. 1 - _5 W e 
S®. Te-m NonmgPam 


Uwi: |_Fuflge 

Teem: 1 . Bournemouth 30(03.2- * 

aas^j usbfln '■ 




2. Canada- 3. Austral* 4. B^tond. 


im 7iiiti isnen World ejlr-tar Wdr 1 
MT« nee 1. W Gardner (AtiS) B"C D Swror 
STh^. 197 laps/1-165 tens (eraraae 
n-ri. rx.--— - ic m Dowson end K 


Bgm*; E5te B: Motosey BC. Vl.Smnutas 
saconas Senior A: T«wctiennaniRC,4>. 346. 
Senior B: KkigMon RC. 1JU. 4:05. Satoer C: 
Twtteertiam RC. 9, «:1ft Wo raen*a et W i ta: 
ESte: Thames RC. IKi. 441. -Senior ft 
Starnes 8C. U 443. Fbors: Cokieerk; Elte B: 
MMoev BC. 2H 4:1 1 . Senior A: Cnnet RC. 
inu4 I0 Senior 8: Starnes BC.4^Tcoaeft 
Senior ft uraosey BC. 1*1. 4:18. Sootor C: 
Tmcunnam RC. V 4:36. PtovtaK Lae RC. 
W. 4.52. Women* oovacb Sealor ft Lea PIC. 
21. no now taken. Senior ft Ura RC. ^5:15. 
Senior C: Soot ol rhe Themes RC. mi. 5:10 
Novice: Henley RC. 5:1ft Pains Ctte ft A D 
Mncnel ana C StevriecherJMatoey). 2tfrl no 
time taken. Senior ft ft Harcnet end I 
Mantrerre (Barclay 'a Bank RCL &12. Scute 
Etoo: l Desmond (Henlev HO. ft2ft Saotor ft 
C Hearsay (Sons o» mo Thames RCL a, no 
ante aken. Senior ft I Shore [Starnes BC). 

Stanley: Elghta: Oae MOtaaey. Senior ft 
Trwkonhani. Senior ft KmgsUn. Senior ft 
TteMrtioni. Womens Pom 

fomt BIK Motoey. Senior A carat 
Mounav SemorAooaieea:Cymwt tedarft 
Sums. W omen r eontor ft LN. Wooon’a 


HYTHE. Kent Scorpion MetionalK Rrat race: 
Slxxk Wavs. J Tienor and R Paratow. 
Second racac Croden Mistrees. C CemsCM 
andN Kaasi Thfcd racac Stea zeti ag. S Rtfph 
and ASemce. 

HRES1DE RNU TROPHY: 1. 3119. Honor (P 
and J Poynw. Enswnh 5aimg duct 2. 968. 




SpwftkiD 0: GAK gS.fJJStaJJc&S' 

191; 5. S Yaisusiwo and H mwjW 

190: AC to Laid ana TfepW (Fa 
SunAi. 1B9 


• •38. MtWontoU TO Canwtorv^ aMUgl 

Bssassscria- SFSieiSIfsgfsa 

NEWCASTLE: CuBy Sark ad fPws race: 
PM tag (NSwcamie to BramennaranK 1. (on 
a lap swne). OonaW StiaHe: 2. Kalakra iBuf): 
X 5«n Bntam HOrara* hantdegtowere 
1 . JoM area; 2. Kruiensmani (USSR). 3. Da 
Mubtezy (Pol) C to* mute Cinr A, 
aviatoaonec i. Kruzenamam. DM»iont« l. 

EfXSUXd SX Krlfl fi Lynn 25 

iWGL Didam) ti»e«: 1. Monaai W5). 


An American in Paris: Greg LeMond, the first non- 
European to win the Tour de France. Report, page 30. 


Poetic justice in 
selection trials 

By Barry Pickthali 

Robert Bottom ley and his 
crew aboard Decosol Car Care 
gained poetic justice at the 
weekend by winning the special 
150-mile short offshore race 
included in the British selection 
trials for the Three-quarter Ton 
Cup after their equally impres- 
sive win in the Cowes-Dinard 
race two weeks ago had been 
discounted from the trials owing 
to the lack of wind. 

The Humphreys design 
steered by David Robinson, a 
sail maker, dominated both this 
event and the first of two races 
around an Olympic course set in 
Christchurch Bay yesterday thus 
confirming her potential as one 
of Britain's strongest cup 

Decosol Car Care has a rival, 
however, in Graham Walker’s 
Andrieu-designed Indulgence 
which missed the 150-mile race 
because of a shortage of crew, 
but took the winning gun for the 
fourth lime during these trials in 
the last race yesterday. 

These trials to select the 10 

British places for the world 
championship at Torquay next 
month end with next weekend's 
220-mile Channel race and the 
selectors are to announce their 
choice on August 4. 

RESULTS; 15G«itia short off s hore race 
1. Decosol Car Care fR Bottomtey): 2, 
Barebones (O Edwams). 3. Showdown m 
Arnold): 4. Scenario Act tl (A FUton): 5. 
Wings oi Cowtoy (RAF). F^at Olympic 
Race: 1, Decosol Cor Care; 2. Uon (A 
Canning): 3. Indulgence (G Wake): 4. 
Scenario Ad II; 5. Apptecore. Second 
Olympic Race: 1. Indulgence; 2. Usn; 3. 
Decosol Car Cara.- 4. Scenario An It: 5. 
Juno (N Peacock) 

• Panda, owned by Peter 
Whipp and steered by Colin 
Simonds. won the 156-mile 
short offshore race of the One 
Ton Cup senes in Palma. Ma- 
jorca on Saturday (a Special 
Correspondent writes). 

RESULTS: 1. Panda (GB). P Whop; 2. 
Care Cnefe (Bff. L Von Lacftmann: 3, 
Regardless (US). W Corcoran; 4. 
Andeisianken (Den). V Graubcn; 5. Port 
Barcelona (Sp). P Zendrara. 6. Sinus IV 
(5 pX J Toufces. British ptoemgs: 10, Fu« 
Pelt. J Richards: 1 5. Citrakne. RPattsson; 
20. Nads Catcher, R Matthews: 21. 
Hag8r. C Griffiths; 31. Summer Wine, R 


Mexicans on top 

If the crowd ax yesterday’s 
Cartier international day is any- 
thing to go by, the volume of 
British interest in polo has never 
been surpassed. The first con- 
test. between England 1 and 
Mexico, was heralded in due 
tradition by the teams being led 
in by a household cavalry drum 
horse and four trumpeters amid 
the martial music of two scarlet- 
clad bands before the salute to 
the Queen. 

Three of Mexico's squad took 
on England 1 last year — the 
Grarida brothers. Memo and 
Carlos, and their cousin, Ruben. 
Their fourth man. Antonio Her- 
rera, arrived week ago. England 
fielded Kent and the Hipwood 
brothers. Julian and Howard, 
and — invoking the pre-war 
Westchester concession 
whereby England could enrole a 
Commonwealth player - Stuart 
Mackenzie, of New Zealand. 

The match was played in an 
atmosphere of intense excite- 
ment - encouraged by the 
rousing commentary by Terry 
Hanlon — in six chukkas. The 
Mexicans had the edge through- 
out The Gracidas, whose inti- 
mate family sporting 
understanding is clearly re- 
flected in their self-assured 
positioning, anticipation and 
passing, displayed a team -sense 
that gave them the advantage at 
most moments of the duel. 
Although there was some 
wonderful hitting and stick play 
from England, their lack of 

confidence was shown in their 
twice changing their line-up. 
They did not mark their op- 
posite numbers as welf as the 
Mexicans nor drive their ponies 
with the same high-speed effect. 
The Mexicans won 8-4. 

Anthony Embiricos' chestnut 
Noni, which was ridden by 
Memo Gracida, was awarded 
the prize for the best pony in the 
match. Memo Gracida secured 
the Canter Pegasus award as 
“the most outstanding player.” 
The chief heroes of both that 
match and the one that followed 
were the patrons who lent their 
precious ponies for the after- 
noon. The main benefactors 
were Lord Cowdray, Anthony 
Embiricos. David Jamison. Mr 
and Mrs Simon Tomlinson and 
Guy Wildenstein. 

MEXICO: 1. R Qraoda (7): 2. C Gracida 

(101.3.M Gracida (10): neck. A Herrera (8). 

8M3UND tl. A Kent (SkZH Hipwood 
(9): 3. J Hipwood (9): Hack. S Mackenzie 

• England !1 (aggregating 21 
handicap goals) challenged 
Chile (23) in the encounter for 
the Silver Jubilee Cup. Nicely 
pivoted on Patrick Churchward, 
England's second quartet ap- 
peared to be more closely inte- 
grated than their colleagues in 
England I. This open, closely 
fought match was won 5-3 by 

CHILE- 1. A FaraW (6k 2. R Vial (5); 3. S 
Moreno (8); lock. F FantaiiJ6). 

ENGLAND ft 1. 0 Bhs (5): ft Lord C 
Barestord (6); 3. P Churchward (G y. back, 
HRH Tha Fffince ot Wales (4) 

Hampshire v Leicestershire 


. Hampshire (JpB) wi on raster scoring 

c G GrBCTldaa htnSrt^Poitar 73 

V P Terry c Baideraione b De Fredas 142 
R A SiTMn c Baidersrene D Oe Frekss 3i 

•M C J Nehotas not out 13 

M D MaranaU not out — 2 

Extras (to 8 w 2 nb S) -IS 

Total (3 vrfas, 40 overs) 276 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-163. 2-260. 3-264. 
C L Srmiti. K D James. N G Cowley, tfl J 
Parks. T M Trenton and C A Connor dtd 
net ML 

BOWUNG; Taylor 8-0-64-1; Tennant 8-0- 
42-0: Farrs 8-0-38-0: Potter 841-56-1: De 
Fredas 6-0-68-1. 


l P Butcher st Parks b Tramlett 31 

-J C BaJOemone nit wkt b Marshal ._ 14 

L Potter c Terry o Trenton 28 

T J Boon c James B Trenton 35 

P Bowler b Mb renal — 34 

P A J da Freitas D Connor 32 

fP Wheticase not out 4 

L B Taylor run out 0 

G J F Ferns not out 2 

Extras —4 

Total (7 torts. 27 overs) 184 

R A Cobb, and L Tennant did not bat. 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-31. 2-68. 3-60. 

Umpires: B Dudleston and DGL Evans 

North ants v Kent Glamorgan v Derbys 


Northamptonshire (*pts) beat Kent by 100 


R J Batoy C Hmks b Baptslft — 52 

W Lallans cHtoksbC S Cowdrey — 31 

A J Lamb CCS Cowdrey ..... 17 

0 J Capet run out 41 

R A Harper not out 57 

‘G Cook not out .... — 15 

Extras(b1.to8.w4.nto2) 15 

Total (4 wfcts. 40 ovens) 22B 

D J WM, 4S N V Waterton. N G B Cook, N 
A MaBonder and A Wafcar did not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-65. 269. 3-111. 4- 

BOWUNG; Jarvis 8-0-57-0; EUson 84- 
364; Baptiste 64-49-1; C Cowtoay 8-1- 
32-2. Underwood 8-0-45-0. 

- KENT „ 

MR Benson bCapal 23 

S G Hnks c Wawton b MaUender — 5 
CJTawreeWttdD Cape} « 

M R TMor c and p N G B Cook — 45 
-CS Cowdrey cWaswionb Capet- — 0 

G R Cowdrey c and b walker — .... i 

E a E Bapwte iff* b Harper — 9 
R M Ellison c Batoy b N o 8 Cook »- 15 
tS A Marsh c Capal b Walker 10 

0 L Underwood c Harper b Walker — 2 

KBS Jams not out 3 

Extras (C3. w I) * 

TaW (35.1 overt) - 1 — 128 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-13. M8. *MM- 
43. 5-52. 6-74. 7-97. 8--115. 9-123, 10-128. 
BOWUNG; MMBnder WHi : Op« f- 
0-28-3. Walker 6.1 4-15-3: N GSCook 8- 
0-402; Harper 44-15-1 ; WHd 4-0-144. 
Utnpra: J W Hotter and R A Wtihe. 

Glamorgan f4pts) Pear Derbyshire by 4 


J A Hopkins run out — 34 

•H Moms c Warner b Roberts — 100 

G C Holmes Ibw b Holding 18 

M P Maynard o Warner 18 

R C On tong c Roberts b Hoi ling 17 

J G Thomas b Warner 0 

J Derrick not out 

fT Davies not out 

Extras () — 




Total (6 tons, 40 overs )223 
P A Coney. S R Barrack and D J Htoksy 

FALL OF WICKET’S: 1-73. 2-139. 3-175. 
BOWLING: Monensen 94-35-0: Holding 
8-1-34*2; Roberts 8441-1: Warner 8-0- 
43-2; Sharma 8-1-354. 


K J Bamea c Moms b Derrick 45 

C Marptes b tfcckey — 10 

J E Moms c Coney b Barwfck 24 

B Roberts v Berwick 12 

tB J M Maher rut out -*5 

M A Hotting Ibw b Derrick i 

) S Anderson not out ■ — 19 

G Mtier c Moms b Derrick 25 

A E Warner c Ontong b TnomU 9 

R Snarme c Moms b Derrick — ... S 

0 H Monensen not Out 0 

Extras ( (0 74. w S. nb 3) 23 

Total (9 wkts. 40 overs) — ,.... 219 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-29. 2-83. 341. 4- 
127. 5-136. 6-161. 7-192, 8-207. 9-215 
BOWUNG- Hickey 6-0-24-t: Thomas 84- 
40-1; Ontong B-0-4O4: Berwick 80-37-2; 
Derrick 80-48-4; Holmes 2-0-164. 
Umplras; K E Palmer and NT Plows. 


Russell’s maiden Abrahams 

century to no avail pr c * ot 



By Richard Streeton 

HEREFORD: Worcestershire (4 
pis) hco/ Gloucestershire by three 

After Jack Russell, the 
Gloucestershire wicketkeeper, 
had made his first century for 
the county. ) lih hour panic set 
in and they lost their last five 
wickets for nine runs yestetday- 
Worcestershire's dramatic vie- 
zory came with one ball left, 
when Twizdl swung wildly at 
Illingworth and was bowled. ■ 

Gloucestershire, needing 234 
to win their third John Player 
League match of the season, 
were put in sight of victory by 
Russell and Warner who added 
77 for the fifth wicket. The laie 
collapse started when the left- 
handed Russell was caught at 
mid off in the 37th over. 

Russell, hitring (0 fours, always 
scored freely on the leg side. 

Considering these two teams 
were bottom tn the table, there 
was a good crowd at the local 
dub's ground, which is set in the 
middle of Hereford Race 
Course. Gloucestershire, who 
rested five of the players en- 
gaged in their current three-day 
match, are not the first 
championship leaders to strug- 
gle in the 40-over competition. 

It will be interesting to see if 
the pattern continues next year 
when the Sunday format might 
be 50-over matches, starring at 
noon, if the county circuit 
grapevine is to be believed. 

With a new sponsor due to take 
over, it would bean appropriate 
time for change. 

Worcestershire, choosing to 
bat first, reached their highest 

total in the league this year. 
Hick was caught behind first 
hall, trying to cut against 
Bainbridge and the main 
contributors were Curtis and 
Patel. These two put on 81 for 
the third wicket in 12 overs 
before Patel lifted a catch to 
backward square leg. 

Curtis has stuck a rich vein 
lately in one day cricket and 
drove and pulled competently 
until he was held at extra cover. 

T s Cures c Bambndge b Samsbury 73 
D B 0 Okvara c Bairejndge b Burrows 22 
G A Hck c Russel b Bambndge 0 

0 N Pawl c Burrows b Sawsbury 48 

*P A Naaiac Burrows bTwttall 29 

TSJ Rhodes cRussas&Twized 17 

M J Weston not out IS 

P J Newport not out - 17 

Extras (to 8. w 5. nb 1) 14 

Total (6 wkts. 40 overs) 233 

R K Mutgwonh. S M McEwan and A P 
Pndgeon did not Pat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-80. 2-60. 3-141. 4- 

163.5- 201.6-204. 

SOVVUwa Samsbury 66-48-2; Burrows 
84-38-1; Bambndge 8443-1; Tweed 8- 
0-47-2; Payne B-0-394. 

P W Romanes c Ohms t> Newport 22 
TR C Russed c McEwan b Pndgeon,. 108 
'P Bambndge st Rhodes b tiknowarth .. 9 

K M Curan b McEwan i 

K P Torrens b Newport 8 

MWAHayne til Rhodes bPatal 46 

A J wngnt d Pndgeon 11 

1 R Payne run out 1 

P H TwtzbK b Ningworth 4 

BE Simsbury tow b Pndgeon 0 

D A Burrows not out 1 

Extras (b 4. to 9. w 6) 19 

Total (395 overs) 230 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-56. 2-72. 3-75. 4- 

109. 5- 185. 6-221. 7-221.8-224. 9-225. ID- 

BOWUNG: Pndgeon 84-23-3; Petal 84- 
62-1: Newport 8-0-52-2; McEwan 8448- 
1. nmgworth 7^442-2. 

Umpires: J A Jameson and B J Meyer. 

To Hull with Love 

By Peter Ball 

HULL- Yorkshire (4 pis) beat 
Sownghamshire by 102 runs. 

Yorkshire’s return to Hull 
proved an unqualified success 
yesterday. With Love, so re- 
cently in the doldrums, and 
Robinson in sparkling form 
with the hat, and the bowlers all 
making worthwhile contribu- 
tions. they inflicted a com- 
prehensive defeat on the John 
Plover League leaders. Not- 
tinghamshire. winning with 6.3 
overs to spare to revive their 
own previously flagging hopes 
in the competition. 

After widespread criticism 
Hull lost its fixture two years 
ago. Yesterday Anlaby Circle 
was above reproach. The ground 
was spick and span, a testimony 
to the combined effort s of the 
host club and the local council. 
There was even a swing band to 
entertain the 5.000 crowd dur- 
ing tea. 

More considerable entertain- 
ment was provided by the 
Yorkshire batsmen and Rice, 
indicating that the return to 
Humberside was fully justified. 

After a brilliant cameo, Met- 
calfe became Coopers second 
victim in a splendid speU. but 
the other Nottinghamshire 
bowlers were put to the sword as 
Robinson and Love cut loose in 
a stand of 1 14 in 20 overs. 

There is no finer sight in 
cricket than Love in full flow. 

Sussex in 


By Ivo Tennant 

GUILDFORD: Sussex ( 4pts ) 
beat Surrey by / / runs. 

Sussex stayed in contention 
for the John Player Special 
League title with their sixth win 
yesterday, after making 214 for 
nine, which, on this small 
ground, was no more than a 
respectable total. Surrey’s target 
became 79 off 10 overs, then 56 
off five, which against Imran 
and others in fading light 
proved, not surprisingly, be- 
yond them. 

Surrey put Sussex in on a firm 
balling pitch and initially re- 
stricted their scoring within the 
ground's narrow confines. Thai 
was until Medlycott conceded 
21 off two overs midway 
through the innings. Colin Wells 
and Green both swinging him 
into the road. 

Green batted for the first 30 
overs of the innings, making 69. 
and there was sufficient support 
from the Wells brothers and 
Gould for Sussex to put together 
a reasonable score. Gould has 
looked in particularly good 
touch, flicking boundaries off 
his legs with aplomb. 

Feliham took four for 35, his 
best return in this competition, 
although his wickets owed much 
to a variety of rrus- hi is. Surrey 
held their catches and Thomas 
ran out Reeve with a direct 
throw from the long-on 

Clinton opted for a similar 
role to Green when Surrey 
baued. After Stewart bad gone 
for a duck, the left-handed 
opener put on 60 with Lynch in 
1 5 overs. Lynch went to Jones 
and Jesty was bowled by a 
trimmer from Le Roux, all of 
which left Surrey needing 132 
off the last 20 overs. 


A M Green c Ctortw D Fetthani 69 

PWG Parxaf tow b Dougmy r.~:5 

Imran Khan st Ricnards o ftfcnlthouse 13 

G M weds c Lynch o Fettham 

APwelJseSWwaotiClaAe..^ 21 

3 1 j Goutt c Mediyeon oFwrham — 30 
S to Roux c Fettnam b CtarKe 4 

CPPMlWjnc Ounce OFeJtham 5 

D A Reeve run out 

ACSPigottnaeut ’ 

A N Jones not out — 

Extras (b 3. to 9. w 3, no 3) J® 

Total (9 tods. 40 overs! 214 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-20. 2-56, 3-124. 4- 
145. 5-176. 6-195. 7-197. 8- 20ft 9-202- 
BOWUNG* Doughty 8-1-38-1: Ctartie 84- 
36-2. MonAh^^8O-3l-VTW»M80- 
424; FeHharn 6-0-35-4; Medlycott 2-0-21- 


A J Stewart tow b C M Wate 4 

G S Ctoton run out — — » 

M A Lynch 0 JOrtUS — « 

-r c Jeetv b le Row* 9 

tCJRJChardscAPwetebieRou* -13 

D J Thomas run out 

R J Doughty b Imran 

K T Meafycoti b Reeve 

M A Feftham c and b Mnran .. 

S T Clarke not Out — 

G Monwtouto not out 

Extras (to 7. nt> 1) 

Total (9 torts 40 Overs) 

FALL OF WICKETS 1 4, 2-60. 873. *43. 
544. 6-136, 7-139. 8181. 9-198 
BOWUNG: C M we«s 84-24-1; braan74- 
31-2: te Roux 8436-2; Jones 8844-1: 
Pigott 44-224; Reeve 8049-1. 

Umpees. D J Constant and A A Jones. 


By Alan Gibson 

T.4 t'ATO.V: Somcrsi't i4pts) 
beat Lancashire by eight 

Somerset won the toss on a 
grey afternoon and put Lan- 
cashire in. There was another 
substantial crowd, well behaved, 
at least until the bars opened. 
The pitch had some early life, 
and two wickets fell for 20 runs, 
the opening pair out, in seven 

Garner was playing, but Da- 
vis and Turner opened the 
bowling. Marks was first change, 
and at 59 had Lloyd spendidly 
caught by Gamer, at long-on. 
Gamer was reaching high above 
his head, and it would have been 
a six against any other fieldsman 
in the game. 

Abrahams and Fairbroiher 
were undeterred and the score 
was fairly bustling on when, in 
the 27th o^er. at 122. 
Fairbroiher was caught in the 
deep. Gamer had come on after 
20 overs, without looking very 
threatening. At 143. in the 33rd 
over. O'Shaughnessy was 
bowled by Taylor. 

Abrahams passed his highest 
score in John Player League 
cricket and went on to a 
handsome 100. A late assault 
brought the total to 211 

Rose and Roebuck made a 
brisk start for Somerset. Lan- 
cashire were soon on foe defen- 
sive with the fifty coming up in 
foe 10th over. The crowd, their 
tea-time thirsts quenched, set- 
tled down to enjoy their side 
scoring runs 

Rose was out at 65. in foe 
fifteenth over, and Richards 
came in. The pace slowed for a 
while but Richards decided to 

and he was at his elegant best 
yesterday as he reached 104 off* set about Simmons, which it 

takes a great batsman to do, and 

the hundred came up in the 20th 
over. Both batsmen reached 
their fifties. Roebuck Just one 
run ahead. At 153. Richards, 
just after hitting another six. was 

With 10 overs to go. 54 were 
needed. Harden batted chirpiiy- 
Roebuck kept calm and Somer- 
set were home with 10 balls to 
spare. The sun came out and it 
was a cheerful Taunton evening. 

G D Mentis b Davis 3 

G Fowler c Gaia 0 Turner 0 

J Atvanams not out — 103 

•C H Uoy9 e Gamer b Marks 7 

N H Fairbroiher c Rose b Davis 39 

S J O'ShaucXwiessy b Taylor 6 

TC Maynain d Tayfer 8 

M Watxinson noi out - -.34 

Exiras (to 6. w4. nb i) n 

Total (6 wkts. 40 overs) 21 1 

J Simmons. P J W Alton ana D J MakJnson 
cM not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 14. 2-20. 3-59. 4- 
122. 5-143. 8153. 

BOWUNG- Davis 88382; Turner 74-48 
1: Marks 8830-1: Taylor 8837-2; Gar- 
ner 84-294; RKhards 84-294 

B C Rose c Maynard b Alton 30 

*P M Roebuck not out 75 

103 deliveries to take Yorkshire 
to a sizeable 255. 

After two eventful overs it 
looked even more sizable. Broad 
and Johnson were back in the 
pavilion after Jarvis’s opening 


R j Btakay c Scon b Saxetoy 3 

A A Metcalfe Knv b Cooper 35 

SN Hartley c Scott b Cooper 3 

P E Robinson c Broad b Fraser-Darling 64 

J D Lowe not out 104 

10 L Baxstow run out — — 14 

PCamckbPick 16 

PJ Hanley not out — t 

Extras (to 10. w 4. nb 1) -15 

Total (6 wkts. 40 overs) — 255 

C Sbaw. P w Jarvis and S 0 Ftotcfiar dto 
not bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-9. 2-30. 853. 4- 
167. 8216. 8250. 

BOWLING: Cooper 81 -16-2; Saxstoy 88 
581: Pek 8-8581; Hammings 44-264. 
Fraser-Daring 8-8481: Rice 6-8504. 

BC Bread Bjwb Jarvis .... 4 

RTRobmsonlbwbP J Hartley 0 

P Johnson c Bavatbw b Jarvis 2 

*C E 9 Rce c Shaw b Camck S3 

J D Bren b Ftoctcner 12 

C Fraser-Daring c Jarvis D Cemck 9 

fCW Scott c Love bCantck 10 

RAPckcPJ Hartley b Fletcher 24 

E E Hammings c Bustow b Jarvis — 14 

K Saxetoy not out — 6 

KE COoper b Shaw 0 

Extras (b 6. to law 3) -19 

Total (333 overs) — 153 

FAU-OF WICKETS: 1-5.2-7.87.4-56.8 
82. 89*. 7-104. 8136. 8148; 18158 
BOWUNG: Jarvis 84-21-3; P J Hartley 8 
1-381: Shaw 0-0-181: Fletcher 80-37- 
2; Carrick 81-27-3. 

Umpres: J H Hampshire and R Palmar. 

I V A Richards b Sanmons 
R J Harden not out 

Extras (to 12. w 5).- 




Total (2 wkts. 382 overs)..- 212 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-55. 8153. 
BOWUNG: Watkinson 7.2-8344: 
Maktoson 74494 Aloti 88281:. 
O'Shaughnessy 8-8434 Simmons 88 

Umpires: K J Lyons and O R Shepherd. 

Northants victory ride 

Northamptonshire were 
in g high again at Northampton. 
yesterday, and a healthy victory 
against Kent whom they beat by 
100 runs was foeir eighth suc- 
cess in ten matches in the John 
Player Special League. 

Northamptonshire had cho- 
sen to bat. and with a lapse last 
week providing a convenient 
spur. Bailey, made 52. and 
Larkins 31. in 65 runs for the 
first wickeL Capel then made 
4 1 . before a flourish from 
Harper (57), took North- 
amptonshire to 228 for four, and 
too great a target for Kent. 

At Southampton. Hampshire 
scored their sixth successive 

By Peter Marson 


victory against Leicestershire 
on a faster scoring rate in a 
match reduced to 27 overs. 
Before rain fell in mid after- 
noon. Terry made 142, and 
Greenidge 73. as Hampshire 
came in at 276 for three. 

A century by Morris and good 
bowling by Derrick and Barwick 
enabled Glamorgan to beat 
Derbyshire by four runs at Ebbw 
Vale. Hopkins had played a 
useful part in helping make a 
good start, but Holmes, whose 
all-round performances have 
sustained Glamorgan's chal- 
lenge. made only 18 before 
falling leg before to Holding. 


... 0 


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! - ]2 

Solly may not get 
M s Stuttgart wish 

Only two bowlers 
still unbeaten 

-3 986 


Lead role suits 
the tiny guy 
with the king 
sized heart 

By Pat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent 

It bad seemed medal here, that track leads to 
too much of a Stuttgart and a place in die 
coincidence British team at 10,000 metres 
that Jon Solly, for the European champion- 
Steve Binns ships next month. 

It bad seemed 
too much of a 
that Jon Solly, 
Steve Binns 
and Steve Jones 
should be out training togeth- 
er the evening before they 
cleaned up the first track 
medals in die Commonwealth 
Games 10.000 metres on Sat- 
urday. But no, according to 
winner Solly, "we weren’t 
arranging to share the pace or 
anything, in fact it was the first 
time I'd met Steve Jones. But 
he and Steve Binns have been 
good mates for years.” 

And Solly and Binns are 
club colleagues at Bingley 
Harriers. But that did not stop 
Solly sneaking past his tiny 
colleague in the last 500 
metres after the gutsy Binns 
bad led for the other 9Vz 
kilometres. “It's getting to be a 
habiL I can hardly walk into 
the club house nowadays with- 
out a piece of tape with Jon’s 
name on it being stuck over 
mine against 'Vme of the club 
records, 1 ’ Binns said after the 

But there is no animosity 
from the man who would be a 
natural to play Alf Tapper if 
there were ever a film of the 
Tough of the Track, and the 
one who had ‘made’ the race 
which had looked a bit thin 
after the withdrawal of the 
Kenyans and Tanzanians. For 
Binns is pleased to have had 
bis best race in at least five 
years, and bis first champion- 
ship success since winning the 
European Junior 5,000 metres 
in 1979. 

Binns, who returned to 
Leeds in 1984 from a sports 
scholarship in the United 
States, threw himself back into 
training with such a will that 
he overdid it "1 trained 
myself to a standstill It took 
me last year to get over it but 
now I’m on. the right track 
again”. And, after his silver 

But the surprise is that Solly 
is leaning more to the 5,000 
metres for Stuttgart, a wish 
that may not be realized if 
Steve Ovett, Tim Hutchings 
and Jack Buckner all run well 
here on Thursday. It was at 

5.000 metres that Solly first 
made his mark in British 
athletics when he ran 13min 
30sec for fourth place in the 
Olympic trials in 1984. But a 
back injury, finally cured by 
manipulation in January, kept 
him out last season. Which is 
why he seemed to have come 
from nowhere to win the AAA 

10.000 metres, his first race at 
the distance last month. 
Saturday’s victory makes it 
two out of two for Solly, “but I 
don’t want to do three 10,000 
metres this season, which is 
why Td prefer 5,000 in 

Equally surprising, consid- 
ering his fast marathon times, 
was the fact that the bronze 
was Jones's first ever champi- 
onship medal But Ms aim for 
the season is the European 
marathon in Stuttgart, and he 
pronounced himself well 
pleased with his only 10,000 
metres this season. 

Dave Smith, of England, 
and Martin Girvan, of North- 
ern Ireland, lived up to their 
image of being the hard men 
of die hammer when, after 
winning gold and silver med- 
als in the first field events final 
on Saturday, Girvan restricted 
himself to the considered 
opinion that, “Dave was just 
bloody lucky”, while Smith, 
on being asked about rivalry 
said, “we're great drinking 
partners, but out there, under- 
neath it all it's pretty ugly”. 
We weren't sure whether he 
was talking about their atti- 
tudes or their appearance. 

Liverpool swimmer 
in impressive form 

Woods hurtles to 
cycle track record ;. 

maintains a fast pace 

Happiness in victory and defe at: Binns (left), the loser and Solly after the 5,000 metres. 

Dickison stakes his claim 

By lea time yes- 
terday lan 
Dickison, of 
New Zealand. 
and A If Wallace, 
of Canada, were 
the only un- 
beaten players in the men's 
singles at Balgreeii. Dickison 
beat Andy Thomson (England) 
21-20. his fifth win, and Wallace 
beat Stan Espie (Northern Ire- 
land) 21-14. his third win. 

Each competitor played 12 
matches. It is premature to talk 
about the gold medal but 
Dickison has underlined his 
worth, and Wallace, a left- 
hander, whose name was 
scarcely mentioned before the 
Games began.: has shown cool 
temperament and skilful aggres- 

By Gordon Allan 

sion. Like many other overseas 
bowlers at the Games, Wallace 
is a Scot, having emigrated to 
Edmonton from Clackmannan 
some years ago. He won the 
Canadian singles in 1981. 

Dickison scored three shots 
on the derisive end : after 
Thomson's opening bowl had 
flicked the jack sideways and 
finished in the ditch, too distant 
to be useful. On an adjacent 
oeen Richard Corsie (Scot- 
land), who beat Thomson on 
Saturday morning and lost to 
Wallace in the evening, suffered 
another defeat, 13-21 by Ian 
Schuback (Australia). Schuback 
was a coach at Ken Rosewall's 
tennis ranch before .turning to 
bowls five years ago at the age of 




10,000 metres 

FINAL: 1. J Soflyt6w>Z7mln 57.42we: 2. 
S Binns (Eng] 27:5ttt: 3. S Jones (Wal) 


100 metres: 

Heat 1: 1, S Andrews (Ausl 1096sec, 
870pts: 2, PFcssey(AuB), 1 1.08. 843:3. G 
Orfkow rim). 11.14, 830; 4, S SWrtey 
(Aus). 11-22, 812: 5. A MlBer (Hi). 11.28, 
788: 6. G RchntiS |(Eng|,„ 11.43. 767: 7. 

A Oddle(lOM). 11-81. 889. 

Heat £ 1. D Thompson ((EngL. 
1097sec. 1006 ots; 2. E Gfikes ((Engl,. 
10.65. 840; 3. S Poeiman (NZL 1090. 906: 
4, B McStrauick ((Scot).. 10.83. 899; 5. D 
Steen (Can). 1 1 .14. 830; 6. M Smith (Con]. 

Long Jump: 1. Thompson 7.70nietrsG. 
985 pts: 2. Steer 7.40. 910; 3. Sforley 728, 
881: 4, Ortftow 7.14, 847; 5. Gdkes 7.06. 
828; 6. Postman 7.02. 818; 7. Snath 7.01. 
816: 8. R»W 635. 802; 9. Andrews 687. 
783: 10. HKftwds 685. 778: 11. 
McStravtck 0.73. 750; 12. Mffler 643, 685; 
13. Oddie 637. 668: 

Steen 1322.681: 6. Richards 1232. 662: 
7. Andrews 12.91. 662: 8. Smith 1264. 
645: 9. Milter 12.49. 636: 10. OrtfcDw 
12.42. 632; 11, Fossey 12.16. 616; 12, 
Shirtey 11.84, 597: 13. Oddw 10.67. 526 
Shot putt 1. Thompson 1501m. 790pts; 
2, Giltes 1402. 756; 3, Poehnan 1432. 
748; 4. McStrawfck 13 47. 696 5. Steen 
1332. 681; 6. Richards 1232. 662: 7. 
Andrews 1231. 662; 6 Smith 126d. 645; 
9. Mfier 12.49. 636; 10. Orfkow 1242, 
632: 11. Fbssey 12. t6. 61 & 12. Shfriey 
1134. 587: 13. OckSe 1037. 526. 

400 metres hurdles: 

Semt-fimd 1: 1. 1. J Graham (Cant 
52.63WC; 2. K Gordon (Aus). 52-66; 3. G 

FUtsn ((ScotL, 5730; 

Senn-final * 1. P Beattie WM 
51.63MC; 2 M Roberson ((Eng).. 5236; 3 
Uovd Gues (Can). 5236: 4 Pierre LeywUe 

R Keag 15-6, 17-18. 15-10; T«*b and F 
Bllott M Beckett and H Lane 15-1. 15-10; 
Goode and BBottttt Keag and A Stephens 

1 5-8, 15*9- 

England bt Austra8a 5-2 (Eatfand first): 
Yafes lost to Sze Yu 4-15. 14-18; ■noke tit 
Jupp 11-5, 11-2; Troke bt Jupp 11-5. 11-3; 
Goode and Baddaley bt Kong and 
Scandotere 15-11. 154; Ctartar and 
Gowers bt Smalt and Tucke* 15-8. 15-7; 
Outtrade and Gowore lost to Scandotara 
and Tuckey 9-15, 153. 4-15. 

New Zealand bt Wales 5-0 (NZ firs ft 
Harrison bt Sutton 15-3. 153; Lackey bt 
Roberts 11-4. 11-1; Home end Robson bt 
WAams and Rees 15-10. 153; Whittaker 
and Lockey bt Roberts and Doody 15-9. 
15-1: Robson and Whittaker bt Rees and 
Doody 15-10. 6-15, 158. 

Group 2 

Canada bt Me of Man 5-0 (Canada first): 
J Goe W P Martin 8-15. 153. 155; C 
Sharpe blS Bart 11-2. 11-ftM Butler and 
K Poole bt Maren and l Anderson 154). 15- 

Scotland M Guernsey 54) (Scotland first): 
KMMdtomss ML McKenna 15-6. 15-8: A 
Naan bt W Undon 1 1 -1 . 1 1 -0; I Prtngte and 
□ Travers bt A Trebert and D le Tester 15* 
4. 156; Mart and A Futon btS Gamrme 
and S le Mcagne 15-8. 15-9: Prmqte and 
Fulton M A PragorandF Smith 152. 1 5-1. 
Hongkong bt Guernsey 4-1 (HK first): Tse 
Bun lost to McKenna 156. 13-15. 15-18; 
Tong Chun Mui bt Hunt 1 1-4. 1 1-1; Lai and 
Yeung Yiek Kta bt Stuart and Podger 158. 
12-15. 15-8; Amy Chan and Poon Wai Na 
bt Smith and Luxton 155. 155; Lai and 
Amy Chan bt Stuart and Smith 151 a 15 

Guernsey bt tsie of Man 50 (Guernsey 
first* L McKenna bt P Marvn 15-4, 15-12; 
8 Hunt MR Johnson 11-4. 11-2: J Stuart 
and A Podger bt Martin and I Anderson 
1518, 1511. 156; F Smith and W Luxton 
bt Johnson and S Bart 515. 159 15-3: 
Stuart and Smith bt Anderson and Bart 

Canada bt Scotland 52 (Canada firett 
Butler bt White 153. 156; Jufeen lost to 
Alien 511. 511: Baton and Do Bette lost 
to GiHBand and Travers 4-15 157. 12-15; 
Fatardaau bt Alien 1510. 156; Butter and 
Sharpe bt GiBand and Heattey 1518, 15 

FBI8T ROUND: Englsid (B Atherton, M 
Allan. M Price. B Fuser) M Botswana (J 
Rhodes. Y Richards. E Thomas, O 

Lead bitter), 22-10; FB (R Forster. B 
Otssen. L Young. F O' Meagher) bt N 
Ireland (K MemeA. H Hamfiton. M Mailon. 
N Allety) 21-9: MaMvl (E Hainmg. A Ross, t 
Hartley. M Penman) tt Hongkong (L King. 
J Hows, R O Donnett. H Wood, 22-17; 
Scotland (S Gourtay. A Evens. jManzies. 
F Whyte) bt New Zealand (D Lebraton. V 
Bfndon. D Paoe. J SnvsonL22-i8. 

Otssen. L Yt 
Ireland (K Met 
N AUeiy)21-9: 

. Young. F 
16: Malawi ( 

Harttay. M Penman) bt Hon 
J Hows, R O Donnei. H 


Light flyweight ' 

QUARTER -FWAL: M Eptan (Eng) bt R 
Regan (Wat). 


QUARTER-FINAL: S Beaupre (Can) bt A 
Docherty (Scot), pts. 

QUARTER-FINAL: J Watece (NZ) bt J 
Mkarwate(MaO. Pte: B Downey (Can) bt R 
Sprat (Aus). pts; P Engtrah (Eng) bt C 
Magagute (Swazi rsc 3rd round. 


McKenna (TLIra) rsc 2nd mi J Jacobs 
(Eng) M B WKams (Aus). pts. 


QUARTER -FINALS; G Thomas (Wal) bf 
C Mateateta (Swaz). pts: D Sherry (Can) W 
B O'Hara (N.lrej. pts: R Finch [Aus) bt G 
Nywenda I Mai), pts: A Mutton (Scot) bt S 
FidOW (WS). pis 

Light heavyweight 

QUARTS? -FINAL: B Puflen (Wal) bt G 
Storey (NMa). pts; H Lawson (Scott M N 
Thomas (Cay), pts: B Kosolofste (Can) M 
R Raeb (NZ). pts; J Moran (Eng) bt Pu'a 
Don Ulberg (WS). rsc 2nd round 


QUARTER-FINAL: D Young (Scot) bt K 
McCormack (Wan. dtsouaifted 3rd round 


Men . 

100 metres breaststroke 

FINAL: 1 . V Davts (Can). Imki 0331 sec; 2, 
A Moortiouse (Eng). 1 :03.09; 3. B Stocks 
(AusL 163.75; 4. Lawson (Aus). 1:04.7?; 
S. G Watson (Scott. 1:0530: 6. 1 Cmnptxa 
(Scott. 1:0530; 7. D WaBnotord (Can). 
TKJS.61; 8. G Forbes (NZ). 1:0634. 

400 metres freestyle 

FINAL:'. T. D Armstrong (Aus! 3m*i 
5235MC. (Games raoo^Jt.Z K Boyd 
(Eng). 355.00. 3. M Davidson (NZ). 
35638; 4. S Flowers (pan). 337.43: 5. J 
Dave* (EngL 35735; 6. A (*** 
3:5830; 7.G Bowie (Can). 

3:5820; 7.15 Bowie (Can). 

O'Hara (Can). 358.33. 

100 metres butterfly 

FINAL: 1. A Jameson (Eng). 54 ,07 sec 
(Games record): 2. A Osso (NZ). 5431: 3, 
T Pontine (Can). 54.56; 4. B Armstrong 

T Ponhng (Con), 

(Aus). 5465: 5. A McDonald (Aus). 553T 
6. V Cemy (Can). 55.74; 7. R Anderson 
(NZ). 55.93: 8. N Hodgson (Eng). 5638. 
400 metres medley 

FINAL: 1. A Baumann (Can). 205. TO 
(Games record): 2 R Woodhouse (Aue) 
43231; 3. S Poutter (Eng) 4:24.71; 4. J 
Davey (Eng) 4-37.03; 5. J Keiiy (Can). 
43736; 6.G Sinfieid (Eng) 43951; 7. A 
Dav JWal) 430.02 8. D Botsferd (Can) 

4 x 200 metres freestyle 

1. Austraia. 7:23.49 (Games record); 2 
Canada. 73932 3. England, 7:3339: 4. 
Scotland. 75831; 5. wSas, 73438; 8. 
Singapore, 80338. ; 

100 metres backstroke' 

HEAT ONE: 1 S Hume (NZ) Intel 5.02sec: 
2 A Moore (Aus) 1:05.09: 2 B. 
McSam(Can) 1:0554: 4. K Torrance <N2l 
1:06.16; 5. A RatdrK (Scot) 1.-08.66; 6. S 
Pcfcenra (Fiji) 1:1232 
HEAT TWO: 1. G Parties (Aus). Intel 
04.74see 2 K Read (Eng) 1:0532; 3. B 
Rose (Scot) Intel 05.71; 4. c White (Engl 
1:0633; 5. J McElroy (Can) 1.0753; 6. 5 
Lee (Hiq 1:09-32. 

HEATTH REE: 1. N Liwngstone (Aus) Intel 
0436s«r. 2 S HndirWT (E»w) 1 :0531 : 3. 
C dark (NZ) 1:05.49: 4. J Ewing (Scot) 
1:0625: 5. P CnoquW (Can) 1:0641; 6. J 
Guiler(NJre) 1:1 1.67 
400 metres freestyle 
HEAT ONE: 1 . S Baumer (Aus) 4 rrttl 1 650 
sec; 2 J Burke (Aus) 4;i9.07: 3. A Cnpps 
(Eng) 4:19.18: 4. D Wuraager iCan) 
4:1998; 5. K Metor (Eng) 4JS.44; 6 L 

Lloyd Guns (Can). 5236; 4 Pierre Levwlte Scotland bt Hong Kang 5-0 (Scotland 
(Can). 5275; 5 Mark Bottom (EngL 53.11; first): A Wfttte bt Yeung ick Ke« 15-4. 18- 
6 David McCuteheon (ScoQ. 51®; 13: J AOen bt AmyChan 116. 5-11.116:8 

400 metres: 

Semt-fiRM 1: l. K AJcabw (Big). 
47.55sec: 2 D Clark (Aus). 47.61; 
Brown (Eng), 47.72; 4. A Smith (Can). 
4756; 5. fcfJohnston (Scot), 4837; 6JB 
NlcoA (Scott. 50.07; 7. J Rodan (Fqi). 
5030; (LReuben Kateha (VAN). 51 .08. „ 
Semi-final 2 1. B Fraww (AusL 47JB 
secs: 2 D Johnston (Aus). 47.22. 3. R 
Black (Eng). 4737; 4, B Whittle (Scot), 
4738; 5. A Skwritt 47.74; 6.M 

\ R Mck*(!^rSlw toes; LDCii* 
(Aus). 45.98; 3, P Brown (&w). 4650; 4, K 
Akabusi (End. 46.82 5. S Whittle (Scot). 
47.10: & D Johnston (Aus). 4724; 7. B 
Frayns .(Aus), 4739: 8, A Smhh (Can). 


FINAL; 1. 0 SmWl ©KO 74.06m; 2 M 

Girvan (Ire). 70.46m: 3, P Sptvey (Aus). 



Long Jump: l. J Ftemrrmg (Aus) 833m. 
953pts: 27 k Hagger (Eng), 650. 943: 3. J 
Sfftpson [EnqT, b31, 915: 4. T Genoa 
6.02 856: 5. L Spans (Can). 5». 
6, J MMar-CuM (Ausl 554. 801; 7. J 
Musmr iBw), 551. 792: 8. L Osmers 
(NZ). 5 75. 774: 9. V Walsh (Scot). 551. 
703; 10. A Armstrong (Can). 551. 845. 

400 metres 

. FINAL; I.DFHntoH (Aus). 5l29sec:2J 
flichaidson (Can), 51 .82; 3. K Cook (Engl 
51.88; 4. u Payne (Caul 5200: 5. C 
Crooks (Can). 52.02 6, M Chapman (Ausl 
5208; 7. S Stewart (Ausl. 5333; 8. A 
PKjgfORl. (Eng}. 53.97 


Group 1 

Wales bt Austraia 3-2 (Wales first); P 
Sutton U □ McDonald 156. 9-15. 15-1 1: L 
Roberts lost to K Jupp 2-11. 0-11: L 
Wri terns and C Rees bt P King and M 
Scandotera 8-15. 15-9. 17-14; R and S 
Doody bt J McOonaU and A Tuckey 4-15. 
18-13. 15-13; Rees and Doody tost to 
Kong ami Tockey. reared. 

New Zealand bt N Ireland 5-0. (NZ 
Trail G Robson bt G Stephens 15-7, 156: 
T Whmaker bt B Beckett 116. 11-7; K 
Hams and G Stewart bt B Vmmpson and 
R Keag t5-n. 15-11: Whitiaker and K 
Phsnpsw Beckett and H Lane 15-12 15-7; 
P Home and K Lockey bt Keag aid Ann 
Stephens 156. 18-17. 

England bt Northern listed 56 (England 
test): S Baddaley ta G Stephens 15-11. 
T5-3: H Troke bt B Beckett 11-2 11-2: A 
Goode ano Baddeley bt B Thompson and 

13: J Aten M Amy Chan 116. 5-11. 116; B 
G Aland and D Travers bt Yeung and Lai 
Hung 156. 15-4: J Aden and E Allen M 
Chan and Poon Wai Na 156. 15-3: 
GAiand and C Heady bt Lai and Poon 15- 
2. 15-7. 


England bt Scotland 4-1 (England first) 
Yates W K Mktfemiss. 15-dTl5-3. A 
Goode and S Baddaley bt I Pringle and D 
Travers, 15-13, 2-15. T5-10. H Troke bt A 
Nairn. 11-4, 11-1. G Cterk and G Gowers 
M E Atten arte A Nam. 15-1. 15-S. 
Baddeley and Gowers conceded to 
Pnngte Bid A Futton 

Canada bt Austraia 66 (Canada firetl J 

Goss w Sze Yu, walkover. M Brtten arte M 
deBafleWP Kong and MScandotera, 15- 
9. 4-15, 17-15, D Jrten bt K Jupp. 11* 
1 1-2 C Sharps arte L Ctouber bt T SmoU 
and A Tuckey. 15-11. 15-8. M Butler and 
Sharpe bt Scandoieia and Tuckey. 




FIRST BOUND: P Fong 0e) bt R Young 
(Man. 21-6; I Dickison (NZ)bt A Thomson 
(Eng). 21-20: I Sccnuback (Aus) bt R 
CoratejScoQ. 21-13; A Wallace (Can) bt S 
Esp* (N ire). 21-14. 


RRST ROUND: New Zealand (S 

O'Meagher. R Thaggard. E Cavuduadua. 
K Gawteer) bt Northern Ireland (W 
Montgomery. R McCune. E Parkinson. W 
Watson). 19-17. 


FWST RODTffi: C Ward and D Ward 
(Big} bt J Thecfcray and fl Maacaronhas 
(Bra) 20-15. K Herricks and A BtackJAus) 
bt C Turangabed and J Shigft (RNl 27-18; 
G Knox and G Abram (Scot) bt M Coutouty 
and J Jones (JeiJ 21-11 



FIRST ROUND: S McCrane (Scot) bt R 
Ryan (NZl 21-18; M Btettmann (Jer) bt P 

Le Tisaiar (Guert 21 -1 1 , A Damton (Wal) bt 

GFbhey (Ausl. 21-19. 


RRST ROUND: F Btat and M Johnston 
(N.ire) bt J Vails Olid B Stubbns(BM), 21- 
15: M Pomeroy and J AddartJ (Wat) bt B 
Godtrey and H Pochon (Austin 28-14; S 
Zakoske and R McMahon (HIQ btJ Nicolle 
and M Smth (Goer). 22-20. 


metre time trial 

FINAL: 1. M Vein (com be (Aus). 1:0623; 2. 
G Anderson (NZ), 1.-06l33; 3. M namsforti 
(Aus). 167.34. 

Kilometre sprint: 

FAST ROUND: QwMers: A Ongard 
«teL 11.46: P McHugh (Eng). 11^; E 
Alexander (Scott. 11.63: W Rastnck (NZ), 
1 1 .64; C Harnett (Can). 1 134; G Netwaite 
lAusV. 1213 - 




FINAL: 1. Australia, 5mm 44.42sec 
(Games record); 2. Engtend, 5:4835: 2 
New Zealand. £*737 

Lightweight single sculls 
FINAL: 1. P An tana (Aus). 7:1643: 2 P 
TatersaU (Can), 7:26 65; 3, C Smith /£m), 

Lightweight coxless fours 
FINAL 1. England. £25 86: 2. Austraia 
627.71 : 3. Canada. 635.66. 


Women's double sculls 
FINAL: 1. S Faster and H Clarice (NZ). 
721.52 2 H Clarks and L Robertson- 
(Can) 73936: 3. D Prince and C Parker 
(Eng); 4. F Nowak and A Towns (Scot). 
735,03 (no bnxoa awarded). - .. 


FINAL: 1. Australia. 8:43.69: 2 England. 
6:45.62 3. Canada. 8.-51 .81 


Free pistol pairs 

FINAL: 1. T Gtenn and C BeauSeu (Can), 
1699pt9: 2 R Wang arte P Leatherdale 
(E rg ); 3. P Adams and B Sandstrom (Aus). 

Rapid fire pistol pairs: 

FINAL: I. B Gtrfinq and T Turner (Eng), 
1169 (Games racorflk 2 P Murray and J 
Master (Aus). 1 152 a, M Howkats and A 
Chevrellls (Can). 1150. 

Small bore rifle prone pairs: 

FINAL, i. M Ashcroft and S Gale (Can), 
l.lTSpts: 2 D Brook and A Smith (Aus), 
1.171; 3. T WakefiaH and'CKarnspWan. 
1.166.. - - - . • 

Shotgun sfceet pairs 

RIVAL: 1. J Nsv*e and K Harman (Engl 
1 Sots (Games record); 2 BGaOnN and u 
Kvtesnyoa (Can). 193; 3. J Woolley and J 
Fatten INZk 189- 

Lashman (Scot) 5728: 4. W McGoUrfck 
(Scot) 57.86; 5. K Torrance (NZ) 58.10: 6 S 
Nssiotis (Swu) 1nwc04.16; 7 S 
Kna o bon c (Guar) 167.07. 

HEAT THREE: 1. T POnth* (Can) 54.68 
secs: 2 P Gee (Ausl 56^ 3. Y Ming 
Tseng (HK) 57.82; 4. W Jobnston'(NJrel 
5931; 5. J Gaa Odd tSnd) Iirtei6I.17;5. 
G Williams (Wai) 1.6277; 7. I Marfinaz 
(Gte> 1:04.03. 

HEAT FOUft l. A Jarneson (Eng) 54.00 
secs; 2 A McOonaU (Aus) 55JM; 3. R 
Andereon (NZ) 5556; 4. C Larrgr (Can) 
56.66: 5. K Haon Tay (Sing) InwctoJS; 6. 
T Neal a (Swaz) 1.07.95. 


100 metres freestyle 

FINAL: I. J Ken (Can). 57.62sac; 2 A 
Hams (Ausl 57.64; 3. N Fftbens (Eng). 
57.66: 4. J Pugh (Aus). 58.10; 5. S Thorpe 
(Aus). 56.17; £ A Cnpps (Engl. 58 32. 7. P 
Rai (Can). 58 Jl; 6. P Noafl (Can), 5854. 

400 metres individual medley 

FINAL: 1. S LandaHs (Aus). 4mki 45.82 sac 

Hill (Scot). 454.11; 6, M Paarson (Aus). 
455.10: /. G Stanley (Engl 4:56.75; 6. K 
Read (EngL 45891. 

4 x 200 metres freestyle flnal 

1. Australia 8mm 1209S6C: 2 England 
8:13.70; 3, Canada 820.78; 4, Scotland 

200 metres medley . 

FMAL- 1. S Lande*s (Aus). 217.02 2. J 

(Eng) 4:19.12 4. D Wurzurger (Can) 
4:1998; 5. K Motor (Eng) 4^44;. 6 L 
Donnetty (Scot) 425.19; / F McLay (NZ) 

HEAT TWO: 1.- S KsnfcBsde (&Wt *rtrr 
’ 159ZS0C 2. D McGteis (Can) 4:1 &S3: 3. 
R Giltttan (SdH) 4-1994; 4. A McVann 
(Aus) 422.06; 5. S Frtsby (Can) 42525:6. 
N Cumbers (Wal) 451.08: 7 E GWIIan 
(Scot) 4:31-27; 8. M Madina (N.lrej 

200 metres medley 

HEAT ONE: 1. J Karr (pan) 2 min 21. 11 
sacs: 2 J Ctetworttw (Aus) 291.72 3. J 
McElroy (Can) 22274; 4. S Purvis (Eng) 
292.84; 5. Z lono (Big) 293.55; 6. A 
Ratditt (Scott 228.69:7 C Hung (HK) 
23394; 6. S Pickering (Fffl 240.00. 

100 metres freestyle 

HEAT ONE: 1 S Goss (Can) 51.61 secs: 2 
R Lee (Ena) 51.93: 3. R Anderson (NZ) 
5283; 4. G Wilson (Scot) 53.15; 5. 6 
CrwckshanK gCOtt 55.67; 6. I Martma^ 
|®W 5710: 7 C Staptey (Swa2) Irnn 

HEAT TWO: 1. M Stockwatt (Aus) 51.48 
.secs; 2 V.Ceray iCani9195; 3. C- Bote 
(Scot) 5230; 4.. j.u (HK) 54.07; 5- S 
Kneabone (Guar) 58.44. 6. J VinateS (rib) 

HEAT THREE 1 A (Eng) 51.44 secS; 2. N 
Brooks (Aus)' 51.82 aTM Tester (Big) 
52.18: 4.D F«pponi{Jet)54-31; 5 T Ncab 
(Swaz) 59.13; 6. D GoUing (Gib) 1mn 

HEAT POUR: 1 G Fasala (Aus) 51.39 secs; 
2 B Htcken (Can) 51.72 3 P S«ng Ann 
(Smgj 5216: * J Gee Oon (ring) 5426; 5. 

(Aus). 221.35: 7. S Smart (Sooft. 221.71; 
J McElroy (Can), dequaiifled. 

200 metres breaststroke 

FINAL: 1. A Higson (Can) 23120 
(Games record); 2 C uunpuu (Can) 
23263: 2 D Douglas (Aus) 23494; 4. J 
H4I (Scott 5:35.00. 5. S Brov«i3don (Eng) 
235.98; 6, C-L Rtzpatack (Aus) 236.58: 7. 
G Stanley (Eng) 237.73: 8. N Hertiert 
(Ena) 299.11 

Aus Austrete; Berne ' Bermuda; But 
Botswana: Can: Canada: Cay: Cayman 
Islands: Cook: Cook Isianos; Eng: En- 
gland: Fate FaBtlarte Islands: Fft GBc 
Glorattar; Guar. Gtwrnsey: HK: Hongkong: 
I0M: ts» o( Man; Jer. Jersey: Lac 
Lesotho; Mat: Malawi; Malta; N tz New 
Zealand: Nt Nortafc tstonds; N Ire: 
Northern Ireland; Scot: Scotland: Sing: 
Smoapore: Swaz: Swaziland: Wat: Wales; 
WS: Western Samoa: Van: Vanuatu. 


(N.ire) 54.96: 7 G Smrth ( Guer) 5892: 8. P 
Diamond (Swaz) imai 00.30. 

200 metres backstroke 
HEAT ONE: 1 S Goss (Can) 
2nwi.0397aee; 2 P Klngsman (NZ) 
2:05.19: 2 □ Orbefl (Aus) 2^6.49; a. k 

ATHLETICS (at Meedowtank SodUitnl 
9.15amr DecatWOn 110m hurtSes; 10am: 
Decathlon discus: 11-25' Decathlon pole 
vaulr. 1190: Men's 600m heats: 1200: 
Women's 200m heats: 2pm: Women s 
400m forties. seimJinalc; 205: Women's 
shot final: 225: Men's 400m hurtfes semi- 
finals: 250: Women's 800m semi-finals: 
3.00: Decathlon javelin: 3.10: Man’s BOOm 
semi-finals; 39t Women's 200m semi- 
Anste: 395: Men's 200m 2nd round: 492 
Decathlon 1500m: 5.00: Women's 400m 
hurdles final: 5:15: Men's 400m final; 5J2& 
Women's lO.CXWm final. 

BOWLS (at Batgi^en) 9am: Men's shv 
files; fours; women's .angles, pairs. 190- 
Men s pahs, women's angles, pairs 
(ours. 6pm: Man's singles, para, tours 
women's tour.: ■ n 
BOXING (at Inglistonj: 7.30pm 

Pre/irmaaries ■ ■ . 

CYCLING: 7pm: 1.000m sprint, (garter 
and senv-finats; 490»n m*vteiiai ^irsun 
sen*-fi rate and fintf. 

ROWING (Strathctyde Country Park): 
1090am: Men's COXtess tours: Heats: 
ii.ift Men's coxtasa para; H9ft Mens 
double soOx 129ft Men S cpxed tours; 
3pm: Men's cotJSSS tours, repechage; 
13ft Men's coxlees pairs repwharge; 
«jtt Men's double sculls repechage: 
SJ0: Men's cosed tours repechage. 
SHOOTING (Barry BuOdOnj: 1090: Fu8 
bore nile part. At Muttetourgb; 10^k 

fl (Aus) 206.49; a. K Centre tire notoi pairs. At Iwifl; 119ft 
.S3: S. I Rosser (Wan Shwgun Oiympta trench tadfoktoal. 1st 
ns(W3Q2l200:7 G round. _ 

Torrance (NZl 206.53; s. I Rosser (Wan 
2:07 49; 6. G Williams (waQ 21200; 7 G 
Smith (Gueri 229.58. 

HEAT TWO: 1. G Bmfeld (Eng) 2mw 
05.56sec; 2 M West (Can) 20557: 3. N 
Cochran (Scott 20594: 4. C WHson (Aus) 
207.43: 5. C Nelson (Scott 21053: & A j 

.Smith (Soot) 21194; 7 R M Yip (HK) 
2:15 71 

.HEAT THREE 1 5 Mwphy (C») 2nwi 
04 32S0C. 2 P Btake iEng) 206.72 3. R 
WOodhouse (Aus) 206.®: 4. K Boyds 
(Eng) 207. 53: 5. G Hiding (NZ}21090; 6. 
D Um (Sing) 21097: 7 R GneelJNJre) 
2128&6 YOU Pont (Swaz) 24Z35. 

SWIMMING (Royal Commonwealth Pool): 
10am: Women's BOOm traestyle heats: 
men s 200m -freestyle heats; women s 
100m butterfly heats, men's 200m braast- 
strokehests. women's lOftn breaststroke 
heats. 1pm women s teghwana dwfcig; 
mens springboard d»«igr 69ft Mens 
200m freestyle finet . women's 100m 
butterfly finah -men's 200m breaststroke 
finaL -women s loom breastokfl final, 
men s 4 x 100m traestyle relay final: 9.1& 
Synchronised swtoimrig duet final. 
WEIGHTLIFTING (Playhouse Theatre): 
2pne 90kg class; TJ0: 100kg class -I 

Andrew Jaroe- 
son, winner of 
England’s first 
swimming, gold 
medal, produced . 
another impres- 
sive perfor- 
mance during die morning 

set the second festest qualifying 
lime'in the heats for the men's 
100 metres freestyle. _ 

Jameson, an American-based 
student from Liverpool, 
achieved a personal best of 
51.44sec, which was 0.12sec 
outside .David' Lowe’s three- 
year-old British record. He was 
only O.I3sec slower - than the 
fastest qualifier; the Australian, 
Gregory Fasaia. ; - ‘. 

Australia, and C a n ada have 
dominated the IQfJ -.metres 
butterfly gold medal* since die 
event was introduced at the 
1962 Games, but Jameson 
ended the sequence with a 
record-breaking swim of 

That towered by two. hun- 
dredths of a second -the Games 
and British record, which Jame- 
son had set earlier on Saturday 
in the heats, but-he said Joyfully 
afterwardsr “1 don’t care about 
the records — 1 won.” 

Jameson had - been ranked 
only sixth in the Common-, 
wealth, but found he could 
attack the gold after his prepara- 
tions had gone exactly to plan. 
He said: “My coach told me to 
concentrate on my own race. 1 
went out fast and hit the turn 
well. 1 expected the others to 
come back bur I also hit . my 
finish spot on." 

Jameson, a student at Arizona 
State University, is coached in 
this . country by his mother, 
Diane, and she was -in the 
crowd, along with the resrof his 
family, ‘including his Sister. 
Helen, a relay medal winner at 
the Moscow OIympicsl - : 

Jameson, a sil ver piedaf win- 
ner in. last year’s European 
championships, said: “I- intend 
to swim until the 1988 Olympics 
and I still fed I have a lot to 

learn and can go much faster.” 

Sarah Haidcastle, the: fev- 
ouriie fbr the 400 metres free- 
style, looked comfortable in 
heading the qualifiers in 4min 
I 5 - 92 sec, nearly a second -ahead 
of Susie Baumer, ofAustralia. 

Gaiy; Bkifidd,- of &lfordL ast 
an English record of - -2 dhh 
5^6sri: in winning his teat of 
the men’s 200:. metres -‘ 

Scotland were within inches . 
of a gold medal when Jean Hill 
was edged. Gut by Suzanne 
Landelis, the- Australia n, • in- a-' 
fingertip finish to the 200 metres, 
medley. . Hill’s . 'time' of. 2min 
l7JUsec shaved a tenth of a 
second offShamm Davies’s si^ 
year-old BrUEsh'rtcon^. • • , : ■ * 

Stqpten Pouher, of Wigan, . 
collected bis second Common- 
wealth: .400 - metres - vmedley 
medat^when be took the bronze ' 

to ald to the^lver be;«o'n m 

Brisbane * four -years : ago. ; 
England's raen's.4 xy200irietres 
ftefestyle team gained a bronze 
as Australia raced to.tlfetide ina. 

r? 1 ’ v 9 t,V~- ■ 


pp - *■ . L ’• 

r m . m a 

i -F-- 

Willay lifts Discord at 
gold for lack of fire 
England in contests 

:^s: f 2l J . 

•r^.! '**.33 if 

ij’vs* *“ - “■ 

1-' . . -?■ ** 
r* - 

- « 

9C Fasmw** 

In the women's singles Senga 
McCrone (Scotland) strength- 
ened her position at . the head of 
the table, beating Rhoda’ Ryan 
(New Zealand) 21-18 and Flora 
Anderson (Botswana) 21-7. Ann 
Dairiton (Wales) was second 
after beating Greeta Fahey- 
(Austfalia): 21-19 and Wendy 
Line (En^ahd) is joint third 
with Joan Humphreys (Hong 
Kong) after beating Eileen Bell 
(Northern Ireland) 21-14. 

George Adrian and Grant 
Knox (Scotland) have won their 
five games so fer in the men's 
pairs and Margaret Johnston 
and Freda EUtott (Northern 
Ireland) have a six out of six 
record in the women's. But there 
is still a- long way to go at 
Balgreeii ' - 

100 metes butterfly - 

HEAT ONE: 1. A Mo«se (NZ) 54.61 secs; 
2. N Hodgson (Era) 56.15; 3 P Snng Ana 
(Sing) 50T2 4. R Lw (Eng) 58^44; 5. P 
Co* (HK) 5972; 6. E Banal (Gfc) 

By Chris Thau 

-David- Wiflay of 
England won the 

S ki in (be 65.5 
logram - class 
after an epic bat- 
tle - with 
Australia's Ron 
Laycock at the weekend- During 
the electrifying contest between 
two of the most accomplished 
lifters in the Commonwealth, . 
Willay broke the Games record 1 
twice and set Commonwealth : 
records in snatch with 145 1 
kilograms and in the total with 
315 kilograms. 

His technique has given the 
Yorkshireman a 15-kilogram 
lead after the first three attempts 
i it snatch. Laycock fought back, 
but . despite setting a new 
Comnaonwealih' Games record 
in dean and jerk . with 175 
kilograms, he was unable tp 
unsettle the Englishman. . 

The markedly different at- 
mosphere of Press conferences 
after the contest underlined the 
predicament of British 
weightlifting and the progress of 
the Australians. While Laycock 
announced that be would be 
back in two years time to 
challenge the world record, 
Willay spoke gloomily about 

Australia have embarked on a 
nationwide weightlifting pro- 
gramme^ sp onso red and backed 
by the government, while in 
Britain, weightlifting straggles 
to survive. *; 

“It’s been a struggle for me 
and my family, a Unless a 
sponsor steps in. I may. have to 
ietire,’*said Willay, a double 
Commonwealth champion and 
record holder.” 

“It would be great pity,” said j 
Wally Holland, the England J 

By Richard Eaton 


England and 
Canada as ex- 
pected readied 
the final of the 
team event, al- 
though they did 
so amidst a hint 
of discord yesterday-Spectator 
were denied a fell session's play 
when Australia conceded both 
dead robbers after going 0-3 
down to Canada. That was 
followed by England conceding 
one robber, the women's dou- 
bles, after a winning 4-0 lead 
against Scotland. 

Such things could never hap- 
pen. under the roles for the 
Thomas Cup and Uber Cup. 
world championships, and the 
International Badminton 
Federation's ■ -Commonwealth 
Games observer, Arthur Jones, 
was one -of many people who 
were - unhappy With the 

Although the morning spec- 
tators were, as compensation, 
allowed to watch the . bronze 
medal match free of charge, 
many had already paid to see it. 
The IBF may well try to ensue 

the thing ran h o* OCCOT in 

another Games. ... 

Scotland's performance 
against England looked. as 
they had the afternooo's bronze 
medal battle in mind from the 
start. Billy Gillijandi who had 
sweated Mod the night before 
during tfae narrow 3-2 defeat to 
Canada^’: ^ was rested, whilst 
Kenny Mjddfemiss nod Aileen 
Nairn lost the angles to Nick 
Yates and Helen Troke. 

Musical chairs may have to be 
played in the women's and 
mixed doubles in the individual 
competitions. Nora Perry, a 
former triple gold medal winner. 

team numager and via: presi- ZSm^dSrSnmTS 
dent of the International __«•* -. xiMnnh rbk hair 

Earlier on Saturday, the p n «| aiK fv «|] time cm>,« 

SSTSi -- £?*£?& 

ri?^ a inn ronze in thC 6(Wcilograra Later, tr^f^track Scot- 
di vision. land when they were within ten 

Under-65kg points of winning the bronze 

final positions: i. d wuey (Engl “**•** Australia. Alison 

315kg (snatch 145kg, jerk 170: Gamas Fulton fell and damaged a 

“'tilage when she and Jenny 
2Scln30. 5 £?’m L 0018 (Can) 290 ( Allen were leading S-2 in the 

srratch 130. (erv 160). 


FINAL POSITIONS: 1. R WHtans (Wal), 
2529 (Snatch 1125 kgs, clean and ierit 
140.01: 2 D Lcwenstein (Aus), 2509 
g. 1400:3. J Bryce (Wal), 235(1029. 


FINAL POSITIONS: 1. W StaUos (Aus). 
3025 Mdj I 135kg. Jerk 167^: 2 L 
Payer (Can) 300. (snatch 135. jerk 165): 2 
N Taylor (Wal) 270 (snatch 120. Jerk ISO). 

second game against Tracey 
Small and Audrey Tockey, leav- 
ing Scotland to concede 
With Australia’s Sze Yn, 
almost certain to win the-meo's 
singles, Scotland were left strug- 
gling in the mixed doubles in the 
fifth and final encounter. Even- 
tually they lost the mixed, the tie 
. 3-2 and their medaL — 



• ^ 


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29 - 

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6.15 Good Morning Britain 
:ed by Anne 
id and Nick Owen. 
Nows with Gordon 
Honeycombe at £30, 74)0, 
7.30, £00. £30 and 9.00; 
financial news at 6.35; 
spon at MO and 7.40; 
exercises at £55; cartoon 
at 7.25; pop music at 7.55; 
ar ^t Bievteton higWigtits at 

8.45 Wacaday presented by 
Tunmy Maitett His guest is 
Duncan Goodhew. 


£25 Thames news headTmes 

followed by Fascinating 
ThaUaiid. The sports of 
stick fighting, boxing, and 
elephant racing, (r) £55 
The Art of Ceramic 
Qazkia. The skid of Leon 
Moburg. (r) 10.10 
Robaatbry. Cartoon 


1&35 Briflsh Ac hi evement Ian 
Wooldridge explores the 
new Dinorwic 
pump/storage hydro- 
electric power 
station.11. 00 The 
Wuzztes. Cartoon 
adventures of six beam 
1 1.25 Courageous Cat 

11JD About Britain. The first of 
a series of programmes to 
be shown daily this week. 
Michael Duffy begins a 
ramble along the Ulster 
Way, soaking up the 
scenery and talking to the 
characters along the w 

12JJ0 Alphabet Zoo. Narys 
d Ralph Me ' 

r » * 
l nit. 

to couple 
in rifle event 

. i-^ r - ^ 

v ' . - - 

• . 

.r. '.jL'. - 
- 'G; ; 

• .f *r.- 
.! . K 

I-', ,-j I.: t 1 * 7 ' 


6.00 Ceefax AM. 

9 JO Breakfast Time with Frank 

Bough and Satty 
Magnueson. Weather at 
6-55,7-25, 7.55, £25 and 
£55; regional news. 

; weather and traffic at £57, 

7.27, 7ST and £27; 
national and international 
". news at 7.00, 7.30, 8.00. 

£30 and £00; sport at 
. 7 J20 and £20; pop music 
news at 7.32; and a review 

- - of the morning 
(i newspapers at £37. Phis, 

Prince Charles. 

■ .. interviewed in the gardens 
of Kensington Palace. 

‘ talking about the Prince of 
Wales Trust to help 
unemployed young people 
. which he set up ten years 
ago. The interview, 

' conducted by Guy 
Michel more, introduces 
four films to be shown in 
future programmes about 
(Efferent aspects of the 
Trust's work. 

£20 XIII Com mo nw eal th 
Games, introduced by 

- Steve Rider. Day two of 
. the decathlon. At 9420 the 
' . 110m hurdles; 1 (LOO the 

- discus; 11425 the pole 
vault (the remaining two 

, disciplines, Javelin and the 
• . 1,500m, are in the 

afternoon); 11.30 the heats 
of the Men’s 800m: 12.00 
the Men's and Women's 
200m heats. Plus, bowls, 
rowing, shooting, and 

1.00 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and Sue 

- Carpenter includes news 
. ’ headfines with subtitles. 

' 1.25 Regional news and 
weather. 1.30 Postman 
Pat (r) 

1.45 Commonwealth Games • 

- and Cricket. In Edinburgh, 

■ the final two decathlon 
■ . disciplines; the Women's 

shot; the Men's and 
. Women's 400m hurdles; 

• the Women's 10,000m; 
diving; weightlifting; bowls; 
rowing; swimming; boxing; 
and shootifu. From 
Lord's, the fourth 
afternoon's play in the 
match between England 
and New Zealand. 

64)0 News with Nicholas 
Wrtchell and Frances 
CovenMe. Weather. 

6J3S London Plus, presented 

- by John Stapleton, Linda 
Mitchell ana Caroline 

7.00 Wogan. Tonight's guests 
include Bryan Brown, 

■ Prince Sultan bin Salman 
bin Abdul Azfc Al-SaudL 
the Saudi- Arabian 

. astronaut, and Charles 
Kennedy, the youngest 
MP In the House who 
represents the 

■ . constituency with the most 
square miles. Plus, a song 
from EastEnders actress, 

. , Anita Dobson. 

735 The Rock V Rol Years. 

1968 -the year the 
Russians invaded 
Czechoslovakia; Martin 
Luther King and Bobby 
Kennedy were 
assassinated; the Tet 
offensive proved 
conclusively that the 
Americans were not - 
winning the Vietnam Wan 
- • • and the world learnt ofthe 
starvation in Biatra. - 
Musical memories ve 
provided by, among 
others. The Roffing 
Stones, Janis Joplin, - 
Cream, and the Bonzo 
Dog Doo-Dah Band. 

£05 What a Cany On. A 

- compilation of dips from 

the successful series of 
' Carry On comedy films, fr) 

£30 Wilderness Road. Arch, 
the landlord of The Sun, 
lets Cage and Moon use 
his empty off-licence as a 
• ptece to sleep. They are 
soon joined by then- 
stripper friend, Nance. 

£00 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 


£30 XIII Commonwealth 

Games. Highlights of the 
day’s events which 
included the final 
• • decathlon disciplines. 

Introduced by Desmond 
. Lynam. (Ceefax) 

1130 Turns. jWny Peiry recalls 
the variety acts of the 
Thirties and Forties, 
including Binnie Bames 
. and Frank Randle, (r) 

1230 Weather. 



i way. 

and Ralph McTeU 
i Percy the Penguin, (r) 
12.10 Lers Pretend to the 
tale of The Brother's 
Clothes, (r) 

1230 Feeling Better? How 

smoking, alcohol and drug 
abuse affects the health or 
the nation as a whole. Last 
in the series. 

1.00 News at One with Carol 
Barnes 130 Thames 
ne ws. 

130 FHm: Another Time, 
Another Place* (1958) 
starring Lana Turner and 
Sean Connery. Nearing 
the end of the Second 
World War an American 
newspaperwoman has an 
affair with a BBC war 
correspondent When he 
is kited In action she tries 
to find solace with his 
family. Directed by Lewis 

335 Thames news headlines 
330 The Young Doctors. 

430 Alphabet Zoo. A repeat of 
the programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Moomins. 

a 430 She-Ra, Princess 
Power. Cartoon 

4.45 Drama rema: Last Days at 
Black Bert’s, by Dave 
Sheasby. The story of a 
run-down hillside cafe 
threatened with closure. 
Starring Terence Rigby. 
5.15 Omrerit Strokes. 

5.45 News 630 Thames news. 
630 Barry Setback and the Big 
Wide World. The first of a 
new series following the • 
ups and downs of tfie - 
- hapless Setback family. - - 
635 Crossroads. 

730 The English House. Visits 
- to Petworth House, 
Sussex, and Syon House, 
Middlesex. (Oracle) 

730 Coronation Street Percy 
Sugden fancies hte 

chances of taking Hlda to 
the ban. (Oracle) 

830 Langley Bottom- Comedy 
series set fa a small village 
and starring Bernard 

830 Scales of Justice. The 
first of a new series 
examining how fair is 
British justice, (see .. . 
Choice) „ 

930 Return to Eden. Stephanie 
and Jake appear on 
national television.(Orade) 

10.00 News at Ten. 

1030 The N«w Avengera. Steed 
saves a princess from 
assassination, (r) 

1130 The Road to Damascus. 

_ - . '-ices 


Barristers in Scales of Justice, 
on ITV at 830pm 

_ On ITV tonight. (830) 
barristers are put into the 
found wanting. 1 was not 
prepared for such a 
challenging start to Yorkshire 
Television s series about the 
workings of the legal profession, 
and I have no reason to 
believe the remaining three films 
(about solicitors, JPs, and 
judges) wiH put fewer cats among 
the pigeons. The sins of 
omission and commission (aid at 
the door of barristers' 
chambers tonight include these:- 
msensrtMty and pomposity; 

contempt for anyone of lower 
social or professional rank; 
adoption of a tow profBe so that 
barristers can get out of court 
as quickly as possible; taking on 
cases without the time to 
prepare them property; and 
putting pressure on clients to 
plead guilty, often against their 


wishes. And that, as they say. 

Is just for starters. The most 
worrying revelation tor tee 
disgruntled layman is that when it 
comes to complaints against 
barristers, the Bar's professional 
conduct committee wffl not 
dJsciplfae them for inefficiency, 
delay in pursuing a case, or 
charging too much. And Scales 
ol Justice puts spikes on top 
of this impregnable wati by 
disclosing that we cant sue 
barristers lor negligent 

(BBC2.TO.OOpm), director Donald 
Sturrock's contribution to 
BBC TV’s Uszt Week, sits Paul 
Cross! ey at the piano and, 
except (or a few bad 
columns and ciouds. 


1230 World Chess 

Championship. Gary 
Kasparov v Anatoly 
Karpov at London s Park 

1230 Night Thoughts. 

BBC 2 

635 Open University: 

Mathematics Foundation 

Course. Ends at 730. 

930 The Pink Panther Show. 

(r) 930 Dudley Do-Right 
Cartoon. setfni920s 
Canada, about a reluctant 
Mountie. (r)935 The 
Monkees. The pop group 
find themselves on a 
desert island hunting for 
hidden treasure, (r) 

930 Newsround Special 
Delivery presented by 
John Craven from the 
Radio 1 Roadshow in 
Brighton 935 The 
Adventures of BuBwinkle 
and Rocky. B Limbi ir 
Brothers' arcus, i 
one of a ten-part cartoon, 
(r) (part two at 1035) 

10.00 Why Don’t You.- 

Entertaining ideas lor 
bored youngsters, (r) 

1035 the Adventures of 
Butiwinkte and Rocky . 

Part 1030 Ploy 
School, (rt 

1030 Cricket Rrst Test The 
morning session of the 
fourth day' s play in the 
game at Lord's between 
England and New 

135 An Englishman's Home. 
Burton Agnes HaN, near 
Bridlington, which started 
Bfe as tee 12th century 
manor house of Roger de 
StutevUte. (First shown on 
BBC North). 

135 Cricket First Test Further 
coverage of the game at 
Lord's between England 
and New Zealand 438 
Regional news. 

430 The Roman Hofidays. The 
first of a new series of 
cartoon adventures, set in 
Rome in AD 25. 

430 HeidL Part four of the 
serial about a young 
orphan girl who is sent to 
live wih ner grandfather in 
the Swiss Alps, (r) 

£10 Fame. More musical 
dramas lor the students 
and staff of New York's 
School for the Performing 
Arts, (r) 

630 XIII Commonwealth 
Games, introduced by 
Steve Rider. The finals of 
tee Men s 200m Prostyle; 
the Women s 100m 
Butterfly; the Men's 200m 
' Breast-stroke; and tee 
Women's 100m Breast- . 
stroke. ■■■ 

£00 Royal Heritage. Huw 
Whetdon assesses the 
accomplishments of 
Charles the First, regarded 
as the greatest patron of 
the arts to rule Britain, (r) 

930 George Washington. Part 
two ril the six-episode 
dramatization of the life of 
the first United States 
President, and 
Washington, having 
proved Ws capacity tor 
military leadenjWp.w 
thwarted in fas desire for a 
commission In the British 


I Ltaurtl 

1030 Liszt Week: A Heart in 

Pilgrimage. English pianist 

Paul CrossJey reflects on 
Liszt’s life and music, (see 

1030 Newsmght.1135 

11.40 Cricket First Teat Richie 
Benaud introduces 
highlights of tiw fourth 
day's play in the match at 
Lord’s between England 
and New Zealand. 

12.10 Open University: 

Accounting for Managers: 
2. Ends at 1£40. 


235 How to Be Celtic. The 
story of the successful 
Welsh language 
campaigners, (t) 

3-30 American Short Story: 

The Jittfag of Granny 
WeatheraH. by Katharine 
Anne Porter. An old 
woman lies dying, 
struggling with tormenting 
memories of the past 
Starring Geraldine 
Fitzgerald, (r) 

430 Dancin' Days- A motoring 
accident affects many 

£00 Alice. Joiene and Vera 
decide teat Alice's love fife 
needs to be pepped-up- 
They place an 
advertisement in the 
personal column of a 
magazine and trick her 
into going out with one of 
the men who ~ * 

530 SBents, 

condensed version of 
Vincente Btasco Ibanez* 

EUood and Sand, the 1922 
film directed by Fred Niblo. 
which follows tee rise and 
fall of a matador (Rudolph 

630 The Pocket Money 

programme. The first of a 
series designed to help 
children make the best of 
their pocket money, (r) 

630 The Wembley Football 
Rodeo. A preview of 
Sunday's American 
Football game at Wembley 
between the Chicago 
Bears and the Dallas 

7.00 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and Alastalr 
Stewart, includes a report 
on tee Eastern bloc's pop 
music industry. 

730 Comment With her views 
on a topical subject is 
Anna Paczuska, from 
Labour Focus on Eastern 
Europe. Weather. 

£00 Breokside. An embittered 
Matty decides to move 


i to escape his 

troubles but the police 
interpret this as guilt 
Kit Curran. 

, The smooth- 
talking flim-flam man 
decides a visit to fas bank 
manager is necessary in 
order to raise the money 
needed to make the big 

time. Starring Denis— - 


930 St Ebowhere. A bigamist 
being treated for 
pneumonia causes Dr 
Chandler problems when 
tee man's two 
unsuspecting wives come 
to see him; and Dr Ehrlich 
takes it badly when Dr 
Craig chooses someone 
else to help with a kidney 
transplant operation. 

935 4 Minutes: Life, by Brian 
Akliss. A drama about a 

visit the wife’s 
father, making the 
js short'ana sweet, 
so that they can carry on 
bickering. Starring 
Seymour Matthews. 
Valeria Testa and John 

1030 C ommo dities. Part three 
examines tee history of 
tea. (Grade) 

1130 The Eleventh Hour. Letter 
From Nicaragua, a poetic 
tatter to the world by a 
leading Argentine film- 
maker, Fernando Bkri. 
Followed by Up to a Point 

An award-winning film 

made in 1984 by Cuban 

efi rector Tomas Gutierrez 
Alea. Ends at 1230. 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at end 
5-55 Shipping. 630 News Briefing; 
Weather. £10 Farming 
Week. An interview with a 
leader m the agricultural 
industry. 635 Prayer for the 
Day (S). 

630 Today, ind 630, 730, 

£30 News. £45 
Business News. 63£ 735 
Weather. 7.00, 830 
News. 7425, 8425 Sport 735 
Thought (or the Day. 

835 The Week on 4. 

Programme proviews 
£43 Gfyn Worsnip links 

recordings fromt he BBC 
• Sound Archives. 837 
Weather; Travel 
330 News 

935 Start tee Week with 
Richard Baker (s) 

10.00 News; Culinary 

Characters. Major* 
Lofthouse talks to Jane 
Grigson, The Observer's 
food expert 
1030 Morning Story: Madam 
ZHensky and the King of 
Finland, by Carson 
McCuUers. Read by 
David March 
10.45 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 21 Hs) 

1130 News; Travel; Down 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits E8st Leake fa 
Nottinghamshire (r)(s) 

1138 Poetry Please* Listeners' 
requests presented by 
John Mole 

1230 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice with 
Pattie Cornwall 
12427 Counterpoint. Musical 
Knowledge quiz chaired 
by Ned Sriemn. 1235 

130 The World at One: News 
1.40 The Archers. 135 

2.00 New^ ^Ionian's Hour. 
WithJennl Murrey 

330 News; The Afternoon 
Play. A Darkening of the 
Moon by James FodettWito 
Graham Block ey and 
Blaki Fairman as tee youth 
who regained his sight (r) 


430 Irish Arts Week. The 
Davey Voyage: an 
Interview with composer 
Shaun Davey 
530 PM. News magazine. 

£50 Shipping. £55 

630 News; Financial Report 
630 The News QuizfrXs) 

7.00 News 

735 The Archers 

nothing distract no ty ornamental 
t in tee way of Crosstey's 
ing what he is fast becoming a 
specialist at -talking 
imeHigentJy about music and 
musicians, and turning to tee 
keyboard only when he thinks we 
are good and ready for the 
illustrations. To whet your 
ppetite, they include 
. 'tcordanza and St Francis 
’preaching to the Birds. 

_ Also recommended: Huw 
Whekton's essay on tee artistic 
patronage of Charles 1 in the 
^ saRoyal Heritage (BBC2. 

n); the BBC Welsh SO 
under Fremaux playing Berlioz's 

Haro/d in itafy in ukhoiis 
Prom ( Radio 3. 730f. pnd David 
Buck's play about a black 
thorn in Hitler's side. Conflict of 
Doves (Radio 4, 8.15pm), 


730 On Your Farm (Salmon 

7.45 Science Now. With Peter 

£15 The Monday Play. 

Conflict of Doves by 
David Buck. Hitler's hopes 
tor the 1936 Bertm 
Olympics are upset by tee 
dominance of a Wat* 
American athlete. With John 
Castle as Hitler (s) 

£45 fash Arts Week;. 

Ormonde's Glorious 
Hospital The restoration of 
tr^oid Royal Hospital at 
Kiimainham. near Dublin, as 
a National Centre for 

Culture and the Arts 
10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Under a Monsoon Cloud 
by HRF Keating, abridged m 
ten parts (Ifleadtw Sam 
Castor. 1023 Weather 
1030 The World Tomght.ii.15 
The Financial World 
Tonigfa.1130 Today In 

11.45 Persona Grata. Steve 
favourite character in fiction 

1230 News; Weather. 1233 

VHF lawSabtem England and S 
Wales only) as above except £55- 
6.00am Weather. Travel 135- 
230pm Listening Comer (s). £50- 
535 PM (continued). 1130- 
12.10am Open University: 1130 
Marx. Engels and Manchester. 

1 1 30 Humour in Classical Music. 

C Radio 3 ) 

On VHF: - 

£55 Open University. Until 
635am. Education 

Bulletin 6 

On medium wave: - 
735 Concert Saint-Saens (Le 

Mozan (Exsukate. jubilate, 

K 165: with Kirkby. 
soprano). Britten 
(Sinlonietta. Op 1). 

Haydn (Divertimemo in D. 

H iv 11). Mendelssohn 
(Prelude and Fugue inC 
minor. Op 37 No 1: 

Hurford, organ). £00 News 
£05 Concert. Mendelssohn 
(Prelude and Fugue in G. 

Op 37 No 2: Hurford.organ). 
Brahms (Sixteen Waltzes 
Op 339: Bracha Eden and 
Alexander Tamir. 
pianos). Rodngo (Fandango: 
Bonell. guitar). Milhaud 
(Concerto . with Kuisma on 
marimba and 
vibraphone). 930 News 
£05 This Week's Composer: 
Paganini. Sonata 

eoncenata m A: Penman and 
John Williams). Caprices 
Nos 7 and 8. Accardo. violin). 
Violin Concerto Net 
(Perlman/ RPO) 

1030 A Russian First 

Scriabin's Symphony No 
1 . PtiHadelfXhia/Westminster 


Toczynska and Myers 
Test Man ' 

tch: tourtn 
day.England v New 
Zealand. Continues on 
medium wave untd 
VHF only: - 

1035 Schumann and Debussy: 
Malcolm Bin ns (piano). 
Schumann (Novelleten, Op 
21. Nos 7 and 8; and 
Kinderszenen. Also 
Debussy s suite 
Children's Corner and L‘ isle 
12.00 Pied Piper David 

Munrow on the lite of 
Berlioz (r) 

1230 Vaugnan Williams and 
Elgar BBC SO (under 
Howarto). Vaughan Wribams 
(Fantasia on tneme by 
Taflis). Elgar (In the South 
overture). 1.00 News 

135 Bach and Prokofiev: 

Steven Isssrtis (cello). 

Peter Evans (piano). Bach 

(Suite No 5. BWV 

101 1 .tor cello). Prokofiev 

(Ce 3o Sonata in C. Op 


230 Prom Talkitaduding Alan 
Hoddmott talking about 
The sun. the great lummary 
of the universe; and an 
Interview with Giles Swayne 

230 New Records: Bach 

(Preludes and Fugues No 
3 in C sharp and No 4 in C 
sharp minor Andras 
Sctun. piano), Spohr (Double 
Quartet No 4). Liszt (Via 
Cruris, with Reinbert de 
Lee uw .piano), 

Beethoven (Symphony No 
3,transc by Liszt: 
Ptudermacher. piano). 435 

530 Mainly for Pleasure: 
recorded music, 
presented by Natalie 

630 Organ music: Simon 
Wnght. in AmpJelorte 
Abbey .plays works by 
Store ce Also Liszt's 
Venations on Weinen, 

735 Substantial Results: 

John Bob plays Ruskin In 
this anthology of his writings 

730 Proms 86: BBC Welsh 
SO (under Louis 
Fremaux and Alun 
Hoddmott). With Peter 
Schidlof (vlDia).Part one. 
Mendelssohn (Symphony 
No 4). Hoddinott (The sun, 
the great luminary of tee 

£10 Harold In Italy: Ronald 
Pickup reads from Canto 
IVofChllde Harolds 
pilgrimage, by Byron 

830 Proms 8& part two. 

Berlioz (Harold in Italy) 

£25 Schubert 17 Dances. D 
366. and Four 
Impromptus, D 935. Played 
by Anthony Goldstone 

10.15 Jazz Revisited: Stave 
Race on some jazz 

1130 Britten and Marenzkx 
London Smfonletta 
Voices.. Bntten (Sacred and 
Profane. Op 

9i)..Marenzio (O verdi selve. 
Soto epensoso. and 

oteer works) 

11.35 0 Mistress Mine: Ton 

Koopman iharpsichordl 
plays settings by William 
Byro.mclucting Pavana 

1137 News. 12.00 Closedown. 

C Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
tor VHF venations 
News on tee hour. 

Commonwealth Games reports at 
1032. 11.02. 12.02pm, 932, 

11.02. Cnckei Scoreboard 730pm. 
4.00am Charles Move (s) 530 
Rav Moore (s) 7.30 Derek Jameson 
(si 930 Teddy Johnson ts) 

11.05 Jimmy Youngjs) 1.05pm 
David Jacobs (s) 230 
Commonwealth Games Special. 
Plus news of the First ComhiH 
Test (England v New Zealand, at 
Lords) £00 Alan Dell with 
Dance Band Days and at 8 .30' Big 
Band Era (5)930 Humphrey 
Lyttelton with the best of jazz on 
record (s) 935 Sports Desk 
1030 Medicine Balls. Informal 
lecture by Dr Rob Bucfcman 
1030 Star Sound. Nick Jackson 
with soundtrack requests 11.10 
Round Midnight (stereo from 
midnight) 1.0Oam Ntghtrkte (s) 
330-430 A Little Night Music (s) 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end 
News on tee half-hour from 
630am until 830pm teen 1030 and 
12 midnight. 

530am Adrian John 7.00 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bales 11.00 The Radio 1 
Roadshow from Brighton 1230 
News beat (Frank Partridge) 

1235 Gary Davies 3.00 Dave Lee 
Trains 530 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) £45 Bruno Brookes 730 
Jamce Long 1030-1230 John 
Peel (s). VHF Radios 1 & 2:- 430am 
As Radio 2. 10.00 As Radio 1. 
12.00-4.00am As Radio 2. 


PPNTR5I As London exce pt: 
WCNIIWLusm, Bkxftbuoars 

930 muzzles 10.15 Jack Holborn 
1040 Utile Rascals lOJSBntnh 
AdMvflnwnts 1135-11.30 Home 

Their England 1135 Mann s best Friends 


OeTrott 130 pm Nows 13M30 
ran: Manm the Moon £15 Gus 

Honeybun WB»*«Cn«woe(te 

BB gaea* 

me Worlds 12.10 Poascrif*. Oosedoen. 



and weather. ! 

1230 Weather. NORTHERN BtELAND. 
1.45am-S3fi Commonwealth Games 

HsfrisCartoonTlme W3(Fl235ein 

Haws and weather. 

635po>-730 Regional news magazines. 


1030 Cartoon 10 l 3S-1 1-00 Orohens 
ot the Wid 130 pm News 130 Home 



People L*a Us 1030 He Shampoo 

1230 am Ckisedown. 


C/Iri Starts 130 
130 tester 

Uumau Dydd Lkm 2.15 Interval 335 
Ceiqht m a Free STats 435Makmg of 
Bntam 435 Horse's Tate 530 Y 
Smyrfts 530 Hm: On Approval * 730 
Bsewhere 930 Ftem FreuOOwydion 935 
Cheers laiSCoumv Matters 11-15 
People to People 12.15 am Oosedown. 

YORKSHIRE * sLondonex 

leapt 935 am Robo 

Story £50-1035 Whne that Smga i 
130 pm News 13S Ke<p Yourself 130 
rare On ms Bear 330 Home Coot^ 
ery 335 News 330430 Country Practice 
5.15-5A5 &VB Us a Clue 630 Cabn. 
dar £30-7.00 Summer Spon 1030 Re- 
grets 1130 Prisoner: Cel Block H 
1230 Antibes Jazz Festival 1230 am 

GRANADA M London ex- 
arV* w#%MM omt 8 35emGrane- 
de Reports 930 The Secret Val 
93S EuropeanRA Tales 1035 
Acnwvement 1130 Granada Reports 
1135 About Britain 1130 Connections 
1135-1230 Granada Reports 130 
pm Granada Reports 130 Rm: prelude 
to Fame 3.10 Mexican Indian Leg- 
ends 330-430 Sons and Daughters 5.15- 
535 That's My Boy 630 Granada 
Reports 630-730 Whose BabyTIOJO 
Under Fire 1130 Ftere The Lady Doc- 
tor 1340 Closedown. 


ThmgS30 Beathachean Neonacti 
935 Advantixes of Jeremy 10.10-1035 
Orohansof ttwWHdl30pm ltev« 

Fkm: Cup of Wndness' 330-330 
Survival of the Fkiesl 5.15-5.45 
EmmenJale Farm 630 North TorWit 
Hekl m Trua 1030 Rm: Somebody KBed 
Her Husband 12.15am News. 


HI CTERAa London except 
UL.O I PH (,wi,m Biochbi islets 930 
Unrta the Mountain 1030-1035 Max 
the Mouse 130 pm Luncrame 1301 First 
Menmihe Mooo'3.15 Cartoon 330- 
430 Sons and Daugniers 5.15-5.45 Give 
Us a Clut: 630 Summer Edition 6.15 
Summer Spon 630-730 Password 1030 
SecnmlSuilil 1130 llv-:>w<-<-tH-y 
1130 Newt-. t'Si-Jilowii 

TVMF TFF*? As London ex- 
_i.TivC ICWeMraaSwinww 

930 Sesame Street 1035-1035 Car- 
toon 130 pm Nees 135* Lookaround 
130-330 Racing from Newcastle 

5.15-545 Survival 630 Northern Life 
630-730 Scnbhte 1032 V 1130 
Snugria 1230 What's God Got to do with 

H?. Closedown. 

TVCS As London except: 936 am 
J-SS Sesame Street 1030-1035 Car- 
toon 130pm News 130 Home 
Cookery 135 Ftirn: Watch Your Stem 
3.10-330 Water Garden 5.15-5.45 

630 Newsdesk. 630 A Word n Edge- 
ways. 730 News. 7.09 Twenty Four 
Hours. 730 waveguide. 7.40 Book 
Choice 7.45 Sportauorld. 830 News. 
839 Reflections. 8.15 For Whom The BeH 
Tons. 8.30 Anything Goes. 9.00 News. 
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Coatimted os page . 28- 


MONDAY JULY 28 1986 


Thompson on 

course for 

world record 

By Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 

It was a day as variable as 
the weather at the 1 3th Com- 
monwealth Comes athletics in 
Meadowbank Stadium in Ed- 
in burgh yesterday. Ben John- 
son. or Canada, won the 100 
metres as expected in 10. 07 sec 
and Unford Christie, despite 
pulling up with a hamstring 
strain in the last five metres, 
finished second in 10.28sec. 
Judy Simpson took, the 
heptathlon by a mere four 
points in a Commonwealth 
record score. 

Debbie Flinloff. of Austra- 
lia. set herself up for winning 
two gold medals when she 
took the 400 metres flat race. 
Roger Black and Heather 
Oakes were unexpected win- 
ners of the 400 metres and 100 
metres respectively - and 
Daley Thompson is potential- 
ly on a world record for both 
the decathlon and bad 

“Olympic champion, world 
champion. Commonwealth 
champion, and ail the rest" 
the stadium commentator 
said, being blase about 
Thompson’s long list of 
achievements. But "all the 
rest” in Thompson’s case 
covers a multitude of alleged 

Thompson's 4.602 points in 
cool and blustery weather was 
a fine achievement and an- 
other world record is within 
his grasp today. But problems 
arose when Thompson was 
seen to have defaced the 
principal sponsor's name 
from die number on the front 
of his vest There was a 
strongly critical claim going 
from the Guinness company 
to the Commonwealth Games 
consortium and the England 
team management last night 
for, strictly speaking, this is a 
misdemeanour which could 
be punishable by Thompson's 
disqualification. After every- 
thing that has happened here 
so far that is the last thing we 

But the “Friendly Games” 

cachet has rather been dis- 
carded in the wake of the 
boycotts. Yet Graeme Fell 
pushed it even further from 
memory with more recrimina- 
tions after winning the steeple- 
chase. Fell used to run for 
England, and now runs for 
Canada after falling out with 
British team management 
when he was a student in the 
United States, and he made no 
secret of it after winning his 
race. Even worse, Roger Hack- 
ney was disqualified for alleg- 
edly trailing a leg over the final 
water jump barrier. Hackney, 
of Wales, was reinstated after 
an appeal, but Colin Reitz for 
England. Fell’s former club 
colleague, took the reinstate- 
ment badly and looked dis- 
tinctly unhappy as Hackney 
preceded him at the medal 

More reports, 
pages 25 and 26 

There are more ways than 
one of winning a gold medal, 
and Roger Black and his coach 
Mike Smith decided on the 
hardest - go out fast over the 
first 200 metres, stay in con- 
trol in the next quarter of the 
race, and then hang on. It 
finally paid off yesterday when 
Black beat the outstanding 
favourite, Dairen Clark, of 
Australia, to win the Com- 
monwealth 400 metres gold 
medal. ' 

It was the best time for it to 
work properly for the first 
time. Because Black had'only 
won two of his half dozen 
races so far this season, and 
Clark had overhauled him 
well before the end of their 
two crucial races before yester- 
day .the AAA championships 
and the grand prix meeting in 
Oslo last month. 

Bui Black, proving that the 
courageous tactic can work as 
well at 400 metres as it does 
over 5,000 metres and 10,000 

Mark McKoy was compli- 
mentary about Colin Jackson. 
But then, he was in the best 
position to be, for the Canadi- 
an had just retained' his high 
hurdles title in beating- the 
Welshman, aged 19, who had 
won the world junior title in 
Athens last week. 

That victory in Greece and 
their semi-final performances 
on Saturday, when McKoy 
had looked a little sluggish had 
led many people to believe 
that . Jackson could beat the 
Canadian. But after a false 
start by himself, McKoy, who 
was as fast with his chewing 

Murray just fails to bring 
Scotland first track gold 

By David Miller 

A full house at 
Meadowbank bellowed en- 
couragement for young 
Yvonne Murray in vain yes- 
terday. The pale Scot, who had 
recently beaten Zola Budd 
over 2,000 metres at Crystal 
Palace, courageously, yet so 
briefly, went into the lead of 
the Commonwealth 3,000 me- 
tres round the final curve. 
Sadly, the strength drained 
fast from those long legs, and 
down the finishing straight she 
was passed by two Canadians. 

Lynn Williams and Deborah 

Scotland's first medal on 
the track thus was bronze and 
not gold, and if there was 
disappointment there was cer- 
tainly no disgrace, for Miss 
Williams bad taken the bronze 
medal in Los Angeles behind 
Mariria Puica and Sly. After 
leading for the first four and a 
half laps a dejected Miss Sly 
now finished way behind. 

The wind was slightly less 





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fierce towards the end of the 
afternoon than it bad been 
during the finals of the 400 
metres, and as they came 
round The first half lap. Miss 
Sly was in front, heading 
Murray and Christine 
Benning. After two laps, Jane 
Sheilds. a finalist in the world 
championships came through 
to run shoulder to shoulder 
with Miss Sly, just ahead of a 
trio of Miss Benning, Miss 
Murray and Christine 
Pfitzinger, of New Zealand. 
Thus the order remained for 
another lap, and half way 
through the race the nine 
runners were still bunched 
within four metres. Miss Wil- 
liams had now closed on the 
leaders and only Marsela Rob- 
ertson of Scotland had been 

Into the back straight with 
two and a half laps to go. Miss 
Murray m3de her move, fol- 
lowed by Lorraine Moller, of 
New Zealand, and they 
opened more than a 10-yard 
gap. With two laps to go it was 
Murray, Moller. Williams, 
with the rest 20 yards adrift 
Down tbe back straight Moller 
fell away. Coming through to 
the bell Williams had taken 
over at the front from Murray 
with Bowker making a burst 
over 50 yards to close on 

Down the .back straight the 
three were together no more 
than two strides apart. Into the 
final bend Murray challenged 
Williams, holding off a surge 
by Bowker on the outside. A 
gap of a metre opened up. but 
you could see that Murray’s 
head was unsteady here, her 
stride beginning to flag as they 
came into the straight With a 
steady stride Miss Williams 
went past and now it seemed 
Miss Murray was running in 
water as she was passed again 
50 metres ouL 

Miss Williams's winning 
time was a relatively slow 8 
minutes 54.29 seconds, some 
nine seconds outside the 
Games record set by Anne 
Audain, of New Zealand in 
Brisbane, and 28 seconds out- 
side Miss Budd’s Common- 
wealth record 

Miss Murray hung her head 
in tears at the finish, but 
recovered quickly to run a 
modest lap of thanks for the 
crowd's encouragement: and, 
waving a lions-rampanl flag, 
managed to upstage the Queen 
as she was presenting medals 
for the men’s 100 metres. The 
monarch looked down quizzi- 
cally and then smiled at a 
moment of Scottish 


First published la 1785 


metres, confirmed the belief of 
Vladimir Kuts 30 years ago: ‘T 
knew that one day they 
wouldn't catch me.” 

In one of the rare bursts of 
sunshine that illumined the 
largely overcast day. Black 
shot out of his blocks as he has 
done all season, and sped 
through a 20.91sec first half 
He did not believe that time 
later at the Press conference, 
but Smith was on hand to 
assure him. It was Smith also, 
who pointed out that the 
crucial part of the race was the 
third part, “where Roger was 
finally in control.” 

Clark was in a daze, for be 
had seen his second major 
prize in two years slip away as 
he entered the straight. The 
Australian bad used a tactic 
similar to Black at the Olym- 
pic Games, but gone out far 
too fast and faded to fourth 
place in the final 100 metres in 
Los Angeles. 

But this time Clark had tbe 
outside lane, and his surprise 
this time was seeing Black 
sweep past him just before the 
straight and take an unassail- 
able lead. The strong wind in 
the back straight made the 
times look relatively ordinary, 
but Black eventually won 
easily in 45.57sec, with Gark 
second in 45.98sec and Phil 
Brown coming through to take 
bronze with 46.80sec. 

gum 'as he is. over the inftial 
hurdles - was too good for 
Jackson this time, winning in 
13.31 sec. with Jackson on 
I3.42sec. That was O.Olsec 
faster than Mark Holtom’s 
United Kingdom record, but 
the following wind was over 
the limiL McKoy’s opinion 
afterwards was that, “Jackson 
is going to be awesome. People 
are saying that he is a little 
Nehemiah (the world record 

holder), and Td go along with 
that.” ' 

Holtom has moved up to 
400 metres hurdles now, and 
was carried off the track, 
virtually insensible after his 
semi-final. He has been hav- 
ing bronchial troubles, but still 
managed to qualify for the 
final, despite a slowisb time of 
53. 1 Isec, and will decide over- 
night of he can contest today’s 

Two Americans 

victory in Pans 

Fjrom John WBcodkson, Paris 

Tn hear the strains of u The Vatuferaerifen, .Belgium, 
Star Spangled Banner*’ Waring *fon the green -jersey as sprmt 
forth through -the hot, heavy points champion dwpite -not 

lunu umwju-iuv' T -* 

atmosphere of a Parisian after* 
noon brought tears to the eyes 
of Bob LeMond yesterday as 

he watched his son, Greg. finichino 

looking at the Stars and never won until ^ 

Stripes being raised above the line 

Champs Oysfies. At last, Greg again yesterday. About w 

having- won a single stage. 
Vahderaerden was third in 
both' of the weekend stages. . 
The at&agc that a -race is 

LeMond could celebrate vio- 
tory in the 73rd. Tour de 
France. He is the first Ameri- 
can to win the event 

About 40 

m iles from the finish of the 
158-mile stage, LeMond -was 
involved in a huge pile-up 
with his Canadian team col- 

Final position^ 

sur-Lotra to Paris (158 mBes* 1.8 
,6hr51 ' 

Bontemp* (M, 6hr 51mm 55sec ;2.J 
Uockens (Bed): 3. E Vanderaentoi 
(Bel): 4, B Hinault (Frt; 5. F Hosts 
(Bei); 6, S Bauer (Can): 7, R Simon 
(Frl 8, N Bnonds (BeJ); 9. G Van 
Calster (Bel); 10, F Casting (Frt. afl 
same time. Other positions: 19, A 
Stieda (Can* 34, P Anderson/*-"'- 

-LeMond.- had te-chmige-bUres 
twice before retufnipS tff the 
safety ofthe pacL_ ’ ^ 
t Therstagirendedrwim seven 
circuits of the Champs- 
Elysfees, where _ LeMond 
worked hard to position Bauer 
for the final sprint. The man 
in the yellow jersey led the 
long line of riders' into ; the 
avenue on the final lap, think- 

I9sec; 2. B Hinault (ft), at 3min Belgian, Frank Hoste, cut 
lOsec; 3, U Zimmermann (Swttz), at across me,” explained Bauer. 
i0.54^.AHamFwtw(ua,mi&44j “Hoste is 30 pounds heavier 
5. C Cri^ton £eD, at 2£-3Q; 6. R M.'tanme.” 

Pansec (Frt, at N 

Ruttimam (Swftz). at 30J52; 8,- A 
Pfno (SpX at 33.00: 9, S tool® 

(Neth).at33J24; 10, Y MadtoKFil. at 
3&Z7. Other positions: 23. B auer. 
at 56.02: Anderson, at Ihr 19mm 
41sec 46. Earley, at 1:3030; 48 
Roche, at 1:32sS>; 112, Yatwi. at 
2:1520; 131. Kkrnnage. at2:44.-06. 

than me; so F didn’t argue.. 

- The Belgian stayed ahead of 
Bauer io finish film, one place 
behind Hinault, who tried 
v alia ntly to win this last stage 
of his last Tour de France. 


. One difference for 

__ Frenchman was that he ended 

. . . , „ , the Tour in the white and red 

Certmnfyitbro^t l^ig«tt- ^ ^ ^ as the King of 
a- popularity than any of hjs Mo un tains, a title he has 

fivft nast victories, for which . ■ 

five past victories, for which 
he will be remembered along- 
side Jacques Anquetfl and 
Eddy Merckx. The only bitter 
taste was the aggressive man- 
ner - in which he contested 
LeMontTs right . to win the 
race. - : . • . 

The Z&year-old. American, 

not earned before! 

It was a great r -Tour -de 
France and it had a great 
winner. “I never expected to 
see a day like this,” said Bob 
LeMond yesterday. “When 
Greg was 36, just after he won 
the United -States junior 
championship, fre reccivedra 

the .hardest mountain climbs fiKSSiS'SfSSSl 
and hjsequalin ibetirhe trials, **^S***i*:&!!$ 
which are the two crucial “ ^ worM champiofi- 

dements for a Tour de France 

Yesterday’s 23rd and final 
stage ended in the same way as 
Saturday’s at Nevers: a sprin t 
victory by Guido Bontempi, 
of Italy, ahead of the whole 
field of 1 32 finishers. 
Boniempfs win yesterday, 
closer than the one 24 hours 
earlier, meant th at Eric 

ship, the Tour rife France, and 
become rich ahd famous from; 
cycling. F never believed his 
hopes would come triie.” 

Photograph, page 27 

• Maria Canins, of Italy* 
won the women’s Tour de 
France which ended in Paris 
yesterday (Reuter reports). It 
was her second successive 
victory in the event- 


Fuel chaos as Piquet triumphs 

From John Bhmsden 

Results from Hockenheim 

The Canon Williams team 
made it five Grand Prix wins 
out of the last six yesterday, 
but this time it was Nelson 
.Piquet rather than Nigel 
Mansell who was ahead at the 
end of the 44th and final lap of 
the German Grand Prix. And 
what a last lap it turned out to 
be as once again the bogey of 
fuel economy took centre 
stage on the run-up to the 
chequered flag. 

As the 12 survivors out of 
the 26 starters began their 
final tour of the 4.2-mile 
Hockenheim circuit. Piquet 
was being followed by Kieke 
Rosberg. Ayrton Senna, Alain 
Prosl and Nigel Mansell in 
that order. Then Rosberg’s 
McLaren-Tag began to falter 
and the Finn, who had an- 
nounced his impending retire- 
ment two days before the race, 
bad to abandon bis car at the 
side of the circuit That elevat- 
ed Senna to second, ahead of 
Prosl, but then Prost’s 
McLaren was seen to be 
weaving violently as its driver 
tried to draw up ihe last few 
drops in the fuel system. It was 
a gallant effort, but it failed 
and after attempting to push 
his car the final yards towards 
the line he had to admit defeat 
and park it at the side of the 

Senna, meanwhile, had 
crossed the line with an engine 
which he said afterwards was 
right out of fuel, while Mansell 
ended his race a fortunate 
third ahead of Rene Amoux’s 
Ligier-Renault and the two 
abandoned McLarens, each of 
which was credited with 43 
completed laps. 

Prior to the last-lap fuel 
crisis it had seemed like a race 
dominated by tyre tactics. It 
had been expected that every 
team would make only one 
mid-race. stop, bur Piquet, 
who had led from the sixth 
lap, swept into his pit after 
only 15 laps for his first 
change of rubber. He had 
noticed the performance of his 
tyres beginning to deteriorate, 
so he took advantage of a 
relatively dear pit road to 
make a typically impressive, 
eight-second stop before being 
sent on his way again in fourth 
place. He went back into the 
lead again as soon as the three 
cars ahead of him made their 
routine stops, but Piquet was 
back for his third set of lyres 
by lap 27, this time dropping 
to third behind ..the two. 

But within three laps he had 
re-passed Prosl, and on lap 39 
he was back in front again for 
the last time. After the race he 
was coy about how much fuel 

1, N Piquet (Braz) Canon WBRams- 
Honda, 44 taps, Ihr 22mm 
8-263sec. 135.75 mptr.-2, A Senna 
(Braz), JPS Lotus-Renault. 
1:22:23.701; 3, N Mansell (GB) 
Canon WIIHams-Honria. 
1 =2232*43; 4, R Amcux f 
Renault. 1:2323.439:5, 

(Fin) Marlboro McLaren-Tag, 
laps: 6, A Prost (Frt Marlboro 
McLaren-Tag, 43 taps: 7, D Warwick 
(GB) Olivetti Brabham-BMW, 43 

12, A Berg (Can) OseBa-Affa Ro- 
meo, 40 laps. 

r, 8. P Tam bay (Fr) Lota-Ford, 43 
laps; 9. A Jonas plus), I 

. , Lola-Ford, 42 

laps; 10, G Berger (Austria) 
Benetton-BMW. 42 laps: 11. S 
Johansson (Swe) Ferrari, 41 laps; 

SmOf^i Drivers: f.WahSeO Slpts; 

2. Prost. 44,-S.Saraa. 42r4, Piquet, 
38; 5, Ro&faera, r l9; &fequalHaffite 
and Amoux. 14; 8, JOhansSon, 7; 9 
(equal) Berger and Aboreto, 6; 11, 
Bonds. 4; 12, (equaQ FaU and 
Patrese, 2; 14, Straff, 1 .Construc- 
tors champtonship: l.WBSams- 
Honda, 89pts; 2, McLaren-Tag, 63; 

3, Lotus-Renault, 42; 4, Ugwr- 
Renautt, 28; 5, Ferrari, 13; 6, 
Benetton-BMW, 8; 7. TyrretLfle- 
oauft 5; 8, Brabham-BMW. 2. 

he had left in his car. but that 
did not stop him making a 
precautionary weave or two 
along the final straight before 
he entered the stadium part of 
the circuit for tbe last time. 

Mansell spent most of the 
race lying in an uncharacteris- 
tically modest sixth or seventh 
place, and for a good reason. 
He said* “On tbe third lap 
something peculiar happened 
at the rear of the car and the 
result was that from then on I 
was getting wheel spin in 
fourth and fifth gears, even 
with nearly full tanks, and 
every time I came to a comer 
the car wanted to spin off. The 
balance had been just fine at 
the start so I can only think 
that something has broken at 
the back.” He looked physical- 

ly exhausted as be took third 
place on the victory rostrum. 

Derek Warwick was the 
only other British driver to be 
classified at the finish, his 
seventh place in his Brabham- 
BMW being the result of a 
sturdy performance after -a 
weekend punctuated 1 - with 
practice problems. - : Martin 
Bruodle, however, was less 
fortunate, his Tyrrell retiring 
with turbo-failure, while John- 
ny Dumfries's trying weekend, 
during which he learned that 
his place in the Lotus team 
would be occupied-by a Japa- 
nese driver next year, ended 
with a holed radiator after he 
had been running strongly in 
seventh place: Jonathan Palm- 
er looked all set to become a 
finisher, but then his Zak- 

speed's engine expired with 
only three laps to go. 

Once again a traffic jam on 
the rush Jo the first comer 
caused a multi-vehicle frifoop, 
burhappilywilhoiti injuries or 
the need tasfopjuid restart the 
iac& ? Stefan ' Jahaafiison" at- 
tempted to overtake another 
car, bur in moving' fell his 
Ferrari was nudgedlby the 
front of Philippe AJliot’s 
ligier and was sent sliding 
into Tea Fabfs Benetton, 
which ended up against the 
barriers. Johansson was able 
to continue alter a pit stop and 
went on to finish devpnth. 

It was an encouraging race 
for Carl Haas’s team of Lola- 
Ford both of which finished 
healthily, Patrick Tam bay in 
eighth place,. -one.- ahead of 
Aten Jones, while the young 
Canadian, Allen. Bog, also 
compleied the course in his 
Osella, in . which Jw had man- 
aged perilously few- laps of 
practice due to a variety- of 
problems. .. 

Nigel Mansell, after another 
tough race, has moved into a 
seven-point advantage in -the 
world championship, with 10 
of the 1 6 races completed The 
next stop is in Hungary in two 
weeks' time,' where everyone 
will be feeing the new prob- 
lems which traditionally are. 
associated with learning a 
brand new circuit .. 


TCCB set 
to act 

The Lord’s cricket authori- 
ties insist they will be ready to 
name England's first manager 
at the end of the week as 
planned Whether the new 
appointment is Ray 
Illingworth, David Brown or 
the outsiders, Micky Stewart 
or present selector, Fred 
Titmus, will be revealed at a 
Press conference on Friday. 

Suggestions that tbe deci- 
sion may be deferred were 
discounted by Peter Lush, the 
Test and County Cricket 
Board spokesman. He said* 
“The board must have things 
sorted out quickly and solve 
any problems. The tour to 
Australia is only two-and-a- 
half months away ” 

Test report, page 25. 

Golden touch 

Plain sailing 

Andrea Borella, aged 25. of 
Italy, beat Tulio Diaz, of 
Cuba. 10-5 to win the foil title 
at ihe world fencing champi- 
onships in Sofia, Bulgaria. 
Another Italian. Mauro 
Numa. won Lhc bronze medal 
by defeating Szolt Ersek, of 
Hungary. 12-11. 

Tyson: tide claim 

Tyson tops 

Mike Tyson, aged 20, wok 
another step towards a world 
heavyweight title bout with a. 
devastating first-found knock- . 
out of fellbw-American, 
Marvis Frazier, at the Glens 
Falls civic centre. New York. 
Tyson stopped Frazier, the 
son of the former world 
heavyweight champion. Joe 
Frazier. 30 seconds into the 
bout to raise bis record to. 25 
contests without defeat, with 
23 of those victories inside the 
distance. The knockout was. 
the fastest of Tyson’s short but 
spectacular career. 

New Zealand have 

up their first-ever c 0 _ 

for the America's Cup yacht- 
ing trophy with tbe launching 
of their third l&metre yacht 
which they hope will race in 
the final against Australia, the 
holders, next January. In a. 
weekend extravaganza, the 
New Zealand challenge Syndi- 
cate put KZ7 - “New 
Zealand" into - the water for 
the’ first" time - and raised 
$LO00,000 (about £360,000) 
ara-spedardi iiiicr.'. ^ - 

Wallabies toil 

■■'' A-penalty goal nrtire last 
' second of stay by the outside 

half,. Michael ^Lynaghi- .gave 

Australia a y-b win. over 
Manawatu, ■ a • Palmerston 
North provincial team, in the 
second match of their New 
Zealand Rugby. Union tour. 
At one stage m the Australians 
were trailing 6-0. 

Water babes 

West Germany won the 

water polo title for the -first 
time by beating Spain 7-3. on 
the.. last day ofthe European 
: youth swimfning and .diving 
championships in West Ser- 

•Iin_ ■■ 




The saying of the 

Edinburgh did not - 

the distraught Bermuda* 

nor die Queen 
bland opening message, «jr. 
from Daley Thompson, - m 
because the Press accurately 

reported his bizane mm 

press conference in Los Ange- 
les now will not speakrto 
writers, as opposedJjMde^ 

sion. whose comme^MWSvlgr: . 

feels. hecan better coatraL:^: 

. The- most significaat date 
in . feet;, came fiwB ..GBfia 
liddeti, head of corpOKte^ 

afiairs for Gniniiess, tiie »aj«c; 

sponsor of the Gamea^at 
around “The infyeott 

hasn’t damaged our iutermt- 
tional exposure” be^l stod , 
which is ironic when yon titiik - 
of the finandal/morai 
gnmhd to tbe boycott,. . 

•; Distillers -weiw^ the r* 
sponsor when their- £1- 
inve^ment was a nownre d 
March, a month before:^ 

Guinness takeover, foBcntiote 

. - -- --- - ... 

i • 


? 'f 

ni' ^ - v'- '■ 


1 A u 

• ! &&&**'* * 


J e-s 


cent as Guinness 
thefr -bcand naaie idetit^^ 
trens of whiskey. Jiddefi^a 
that BF Gtmuiess were 
with today’s.'. . 
than hair- the nations 
absent, tbey wbiuld stflj -htite . 
the Scbflte*r.; 

• ■ \ -r • ii*' 

’ i - ' v- 

Guinness willing 
to continue v 

• 'j.', Tt-' :T 
s— .... . ‘j jT'jr 

vt w*-- ;.V 
•’ t'- c: " ■* VV-d 
. c 
P - > ‘.sX 1 

Guinness have already of- 
fered to advise Auckland for 
1990, and after estin a thj g 
their fi—l advantages from 
Edinbugh^Uiay he witiing tobe 
a major sponsor in NeW .Zete 
• laniTheyreapedhuge totep- 
agfeHif thdr Frtead*hq>Rri*y 
coveriur 3(^000 maos arotind 
the globe, wfth their scroft 
carried by fentons names such 
as Ben Jipcho, David Hemery, 
Mary Peters, MBltinf'. Sing 
and Allah WeBs. $pdBsorajrip . 
c ontinui ty is vital, and 

imperative that flte Federatfoit 

appoint -a, fulTtime technical 
advisor. : 

■ Guirmess’s flititBiSe is symp- 
tomatic of process fry 
which, for : fretter ox worse, 
sport is moving towards he- 
coming the exriwne property 

of tderiskhL^dhSoraare not 

interested is spectators. 
The iNtodtitis measured in two 
ways: television exposure, and 
trade retetiohslups on-site at 
hospitafity tents. The day is T 
not Hnimaginable when whor 
bledon or Wembley will con- , 
set exclusively of executive 
boxes. Golfs match play ~ 
championship is worthwlrite 
for Suntory because of Japa- 
Uese tel evision coverage and 
the 'mtiertainment^ ^pf cbentsht ■ 
Wentworth whn^ probably nev- 
er see a ball struck. ,H'- 
The only criterion,^ as Lid- 
dell says, is association with 
r. This is why the absent 
cause little 

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rality of Friendly. . 

be m fetters, bat only a small 
proportion hf medals are 'di- 
minished in value. Bums and. 
Solly were good for busiuess, 
never mind the absent 

The Mack nations are 1 n % 
financial -as well as morafify 
trap. - White - CommonweaZtlt 
countries may protest 'tfrat 
Kenya and India should have- 
ignored their goveriunrats tire 
way jolly Sir penis didln 19&£ 
and -Canada were ready fo do 
here. Black sports officiate 
have not the -mdependeiKte 
from government, quite .apart 
from fee- question of , social 
reprisals in such countrkras 
Nigeria and Ghana. 

Canada pushing . 
for 1994 Gamfes 

, B rea 

fed uc *ii 

... Meanwhile the “whites; w. 

dec the flag' oT sporting -ri£b? 

teousuess, are able to forj^ 
ahead ^ thanks to the’ commer- 
dal lobby which makes, it SB 
possible. The . Canadian gov- 
ernmeot has promised $Cas5ft 
mfllioo. (£25M) any “city- 
which wins^ -.fee '94* Gantts^ 
The Ontario mayord of Lon- 
doh, HamUtonind Ottawa are 
lapping the ctmMctibns tntiic 
m Edmburgh, and feme other 
C ana di a n dties-are said lote' 
ready to compete wife Cardiff 
or Belfast for fee - honbrav 
Every local governmmit. c^fi- 
cial with any foresight 
recognises .fee equationr: 
Garnes=Im proved Soctel Ekr 

x , wh3 «, 1 “agree witir Robot 
JSjxweirs tetter.^ protestito 

fey •wn. 


Page 20. 

'iWis : 





r S*^?c5 

Council, cmnptein- 

mg that their objection to Mrs 
Thatcher’s visit fo fee Garnik 

DnnpMGemkr J :uj — 


fnfai mm rJS~ -1*^ ■■ 

into sport Mrs inatmer is 
onijr coming, after all, for 
political exposure and assacm- 
twn wife an up-beat sbcfel 
cjmit, in fee way Harold 
wuson used to try to be matey 
inth fee Beatles .'amd the 
gStaid.Worid Qip tosn, 
rnadvertently rifeted 
r P, anies ’ the discrert a-* 4 '* 9- 
[y Mrs Thatcher WonH 
-oeen fa stay airay. K»sdi 
a Labour Goimaj^shela. 
than ever Akn**a v iiiA 
nature, to 

a? — 

19 ■ }** 

v, ^ i