Skip to main content

Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

See other formats


it j!"® ditf ■ 


r,, *rv J 1,01 *teM 


* facx. i? ai fiSri 1 



r h, 2 , J* hi **uf* 

r, 'und iJSSj^JS- 

liters * 


Js*- * in? 

t ;r 




Guinness wiiij, 
to continue 

^ :o adine AiBl .. 

r* ^nd e rs - 

!j. lr ^ n *J adtamaM^ 

tinhuiih. ma^betrag-J 
'r^r sponsor in >3 J 

•»— • The\ reaped bna a? 

,Kl ' 1,1 their FHwhIc[m ^ 

<>' «. rinu 50.D00 iSbI 
hk. &h<be. with ibeir « 
■■•’ru'd hv famous naamj 
is Ber, Jipchu. Da»idBaa 
'*■*■» friers. Mflifa £ 

«*a \;ian Weils. Spousal 
:*n-4incii\ is sitaL aai i j 

r^?^rat!*e rhai the Fofcii 
irr^in: a fcli-iinie aht 

(.'• 'j ie n*$ >’$ anittde bsj^ 
:”a-»fC *;f the (nos k 
-r.L fi. for hctirr or va, 
»pc-n i- uif-'inc ua^k- ft. 
'■ nir.u the i\cSasireps|Bti 
f !efni«hn. Sponunnfti 
ra r^irj in Ii»e Spann, 

T :.t renin*. is nosndhti 
<*j)> ith'isinn fvjwsntrt 
iriiii r.hrii’nships Bfr«» 

r.. ji:{j une. Thd?i 

«:■■ jniT.afiir-ible 

hU-'.-r :.r W enbkj ml* 

*•*.! v\r"ti>i»ri» oi fl*® 
V-w*- * nanifc 


i r >or.:<>ry wan# rfJf 

.v.,.. i^ri-wu MR* 

: hi «. nu rtai.UEcOI "I 
sv i.ncv.'ri.’! »ho protafc* 

!-r -tv J ktl! S 1 ""* 

?*■' crirenoo.** 
w '» assocM"" 

V -f jnbbu» a*“ 

s-.T.s,.>h;? Sana*™* 

/. -, 4. j^ind!) Gibb® 

" . jr , r v. iSIDBl)*® 

* - ..fined*** 

• r ; V'J«- Bis ** 

'riind ifc< Jtsrf 


7JU “"A* 



rti "“""V 

:6‘ i* *£ 

. ’’ f.-i !i« C ti 





■ -^5 


.•? J 
^ i n«'!c 


*»*•* r,,r^ 

: ^ s $ 

, v *!tl> 

“ k ; ... %>n?; 

-. ..;■ r.. Jf 

M ..*••■ •_..«» I. -| 

" m ^: n J, rV£' 

. mp ii*. 

-* r - , 

• ‘ ,r-i r - i 

• •. - jr* K** 

-r- ai» «t> 

. ••• ' : :!u i-k*" 

.. ... •• jsJ'. 

'.' . M ibr.? 

i ■ , . - M .\ui b - 



No 6Z52I 


Gorbachov to 
cut troops 
in Afghanistan 

Moscow (Reuter) — The 
Soviet Union is to withdraw 
‘about 7,000 of its estimated 
1 15,000 troops from Afghani- 
stan before the end of the year, 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, said yesterday. 

Speaking in the far-eastern 
city . of Vladivostok, Mr 
G orbac hov said three anti- 
aircraft regiments, two motor- 
ized rifle regiments and one 
armoured regiment would re- 
turn to their norma] areas of 
deployment in the Soviet 

Mr Gorbachov also said the 
Soviet leadership was study- 
ing a reply from President 
Reagan to a letter containing 
expanded arms control initia- 
tives sent to Washington last 

Extending an olive branch 
to China, he said Moscow was 
studying the possibility of 
withdrawing a “substantial 
part” of its forces from Mon- 
golia. Their presence has been 
an aggravating factor in Sovi- 
et-dun ese relations. 

.Mr Gorbachov, speaking 
live on television, said the 
departure of Soviet troops 
from Afghanistan could be 
speeded up as soon as a 
political settlement of the war 
between Soviet-backed gov- 
ernment forces and Muslim 
rebels had been worked out 

“Schedules for their stage- 
by-stage return have been 
agreed upon with the Afghan 
side,” he said. 

Western military attaches 
said the six regiments that Mr 
Gorbachov promised would 
be withdrawn contained a 
total of slightly under 7,000 

The Soviet Union inter- 
vened in Afghanistan in De- 
cember 1979 .and Western 
military experts estimate that 
it now has about J 15,000 
troops stationed there: 

.. But one source said the 





history of 




its space 




to cash 

in on 




• The £4,000 daily prize 
in yesterday’s Portfolio 
Gold competition was 
shared by five readers: 
Mr BWIHett of Leighton 
Buzzard, Beds, Mr L A 
Halsey of Salisbury, 
Wilts, Mr J R Williams of 
Port Talbot, West 
Glamorgan, Mr M F 
Priddle of Beauchies, 
Sheffield, and Mr BM 
O'Dwyer of London 

• There is a further 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list page 25; 
rules and how to ■ 
play, information 
service, page 20. 

Blast kills 25 

A car bomb exploded during 
the rush hour on a busy street 
in Christian east Beirut killing 
at least 25 people and womro- 
ing another 140 Page 9 

Degree results 

Oxford University pass lists 
for Literae Htunamores and 
degrees conferred by Henotr 
Wan University are published 
t oday . Page “ 

f metis)) 

Saudi Arabia implements the 
Koran as literally as possible 
with one hand and is carrying 
out the fastest modernization 
plan in the world with UK 
other. ^ ^ 

Special Report, pages 2B-33 

Home News 2-7 
Overseas 9.11*13 
Appts IM2 
Arts 19 

Births, deaths, 
murages 18 
Bbsukss 21-25 
Cbaith 18 

Court 18 



L*»- Report 26 
Leaders 17 
Letters 17 
Science 18 
Sport 36-38^0 
Theatres, etc 39 
TV & Radio 39 
Weather 29 
Witts « 


airborne and other special 
forces that have spearheaded 
the fighting against the rebels 
were not included in Mr 
Gorbachov's withdrawal plan. 

“Seven thousand is pretty 
small fish and would not be 
that great a number,” the 
source said. 

Mr Gorbachov warned the 
US and other countries sup- 
plying the insurgents with 
arms that “if the intervention 
against Afghani ctan contin- 

US views move 
as propaganda 

Mr Gorbachov's wide-rang- 
ing speech is seen by the 
Reagan Administration as a 
shrewd propaganda move as 
the superpowers move Into the 

critical preparatory phase of a 
possible summit this year. 

His gesture on Afghanistan 
is regarded as no more than a 
small first step towards Presi- 
dent Reagan's demand for an 
early withdrawal of all Soviet 
forces. However, it should 
revitalise the United Nations- 
sponsored peace talks on Af- 
ghanistan in Geneva, which 
resume to mo rrow. 

Hie Stale Department is- 
sued a lukewarm response 
yesterday, saying that the 
prompt and complete with- 
drawal of Soviet troops was 
the only acceptable solution to 
the occupation. 

ues, the Soviet Union will 
stand up for its neighbour”. 

Mr Gorbachov aid he had 
received President Reagan's 
reply to his arms control 
proposals after he began his 
visit to the Soviet far-east last 
Friday. “We have begun to 
stray it,” he said. “We shall 
treat it with responsibility and 

In his letter to Mr Reagan 
last month, Mr Gorbachov 
proposed a 30 per cent cut in 

nuclear missiles in exchange 
for a 1 5-year extension of the 
1972 US-Soviet Anti-Ballistic 
Missile treaty. The extension 
would bar deployment of Mr 
Reagan’s Star Wars pro- 
gramme for a space-based 
missile defence. 

Mr Gorbachov said the 
Soviet leadership needed to 
assess whether Mr Reagan’s 
reply would make it possible 
to reach accords on ending the 
arms race and stopping it 
spreading to space. 

“We shall determine our 
further steps accordingly,” he 

Mr Gorbachov said he fa- 
voured a second summit with 
Mr Reagan but underlined the 
long-standing Soviet view that 
it should not be a mere “get- 
acquainted” session along the 
lines of their first meeting in 
Geneva last November. 

He said the two leaders had 
agreed at Geneva to work for 
better US-Soviet relations and 
to speed up arms control talks. 
“A new summit meeting, too, 
is called upon to promote 
that," he said. 

Mr Gorbachov said the 
Soviet Union was discussing 
with Mongolian leaders the 
possibility of withdrawing 
some Soviet troops from 
Mongolia. Western specialists 
estimate Moscow has at least 
25,000 troops in Mongolia, a 
close Soviet ally since 1921. 

Mr Gorbachov gave no 
figures but said the two coun- 
tries were considering the 
withdrawal of “a substantia] 
part” of these forces. 

Diplomats said the proposal 
appeared to be aimed largely 
at China, which has expressed 
unease over the presence of 
Soviet troops on its borders, 
and which Mr Gorbachov has 
wooed since he took office in 
March last year. 

Background to cuts, page 9 

Peace deal hopes 
in teachers’ talks 

By Mark Dowd 

Hope of long-term peace in 
the classrooms appeared 
slightly nearer last night after 
four days of Acas-sponsored 
talks in Coventry between 
local authorities and unions 
ended with an agreement on 
salaries and contractual 

Early optimism, however, 
has been maned by the oppo- 
sition of the 128,000 strong 
National Association of 
Schoolmastere/Union of Wo- 
men Teachers to certain as- 
pects of the deal, particularly 
the £14,500 salary ceiling on 
the new Main Professional 
Grade. The grade would re- 
place the four-scale structure. 

Mr Fred Smithies, general 
secretary of the NAS/UWT, 
the second largest union, said 
yesterday: “The Coventry 
agreement defines and sub- 
stantially increases the con- 
tractual demands matte on 
classroom teachers and intro- 
duces a new system of apprais- 
al. Putting aQ these things 
together, a maximum of 
£14,500 for classroom teach- 
ers is not enough.” 

It is thought that Mr Smith- 
ies had finally argued for a 
figure of £15,400 as feir re- 
ward for undertakings on 

dutiesJ3ul he said yesterday 
that he would not seek to 
wreck the pad. 

One of the main sticking 
points for the NAS/UWT is 
the proposal to increase the 
number of teaching days from 
the present 190 to 195 a year. 

The cost of the deal is 
estimated at £2.9 billion, 
some £400 million more than 
the figure agreed by local 
authority employers a week 
ago. Teachers would receive 
an increase of about 7 per cent 
or £800 on top of the 5.7 per- 
cent interim payment agreed 
in May. 

If the deal goes ahead, 
teachers stand to gain notable 
concessions from the employ- 
ers, including the principle of 
setting maximum dass sizes. 

But before it can come into 
effect in January 1987, both 
unions and employers will be 
looking for indications about 
the Government’s willingness 
to underwrite the deal 

Mr John Pearman, chair- 
man of the local authorities 
management team, said: 
“This settlement is of peat 
significance and immense 
benefit for schools, parents, 
teachers and education 

.. ■ .... • • 'll 

Victory for Thompson yesterday in the 110-metre hurdles before his latest decathlon title 

record and 

By John Good body 
Sports News Correspondent 

Daley Thompson won a 
record third successive decath- 
lon tide at the Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh last 
ni ght. 

But he refused to attend the 
customary press conference 
after the medals c ere mony 
during which he laughed and 
smiled as the national anthem 
was played. 

Mr Colin Shields, a press 
liaisoa officer, reported that 

Coe may pull out 

Sebastian Coe, who finished 
in distress in the semi-final of 
yesterday’s 800 metres, will 
decide during the next 48 
houis whether to pull out of 
the Commonwealth Games. 

He is suffering from a severe 
virus infection of the throat 
which is troubling his 

He said after the semi-final: 
“With 150 yards to go 1 
thought I wasn't going to 

He is not obliged to decide 
until the day of the final, 
Thursday, whether he wants 
to run. and could withdraw 
from the 1,500 metres as late 
as Friday on the day of the 

His illness has taken the 
impact out of the highlight of 
the games, bis confrontation 
with Steve Cram in two races. 

‘Honesty was our crime’ 

Editor replies to 
Queen’s aides 

By Nicholas Reeston 

Thompson had abused him 
when the Olympic and World 
champion was approached to 
attend the interview. 

Mr Shields bier said that 
Mr Gordon Wright, the En- 
gland team manager, had 
apologized for Thompson's 

Thompson, who was the 
centre of a dispute on Sunday 
when he erased the same of 
Guinness, the games' main 
sponsors, from his vest, took 
the gold medal with a total of 
>63 points, a UK allcomers' 

But be agreed to display the 
sponsor's name on the second 
day of the 10-event 

As Thompson crossed the 
line he stripped off his vest to 
reveal a T-shirt underneath 
with the words “Pure Athletic 

Continued on page 20, col 1 

Howe has a tour of ‘drab’ Soweto 

Pretoria — Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary, 
gave his retinue of journalists 
and cameramen the dip yes- 
tetxtey afternoon and, with 
Lady Howe, drove by car 
through Soweto, the sprawling 
black township south-west of 
Johannesburg which is home 
to at least 1,500,000 blacks 
(Michael Hornsby writes). 

The tour lasted for about 

half an hour. Sr Geoffrey and 
bis wife were driven in one 
car. Another followed with 
several Foreign Office offi- 
cials. Two South African po- 
lice cars, one in front and one 
behind, acted as escorts. 

No slops were made and no 
incidents occurred. Sir Geof- 
frey, who first saw Soweto 10 
years ago during bis only other 
visit to South Africa, said 

afterwards that the main im- 
provements he noticed were 
electrification and belter 
roads. But the overriding im- 
pression was still one of “drab 

He had not felt any personal 
danger, but had accepted ad- 
vice that it would have been 
unwise to stop the car and talk 
to people. 

Buthelea wanting, page 9 

Mr Andrew NeiL editor of 
The Sunday Times, yesterday 
accused officials at Bucking- 
ham Palace of deliberately 
briefing journalists about the 
divergence of views between 
the Royal Family and the 
Prime Minister. 

In a letter published in The 
Times today Mr Neil replies to 
the allegations by the Queen's 
Private Secretary, Sir William 
Hesettine, that his paper mis- 
represented a report about the 
Queen's political concerns. 

“For some time, however, 
unattribu table briefings and 
guidance have been given to 
various journalists by the 
Palace which dearly distance 
the attitudes of the royal 
family from the Thatcher 
Government,” he writes. 

Mr Neil adds that in the 
past sourcing of this informa- 
tion was left “suitably vague”, 
but that The Sunday Times 
had decided to be more specif- 
ic and honesu“That seems to 
have been our crime.” 

Mr Neil claims there are 
inconsistencies in the Palace 
denial published yesterday 
and accuses Sir William of 
seeking to “obscure a number 
of essential points”. 

He denies that “crucial 
parts” of the original feature 
were omitted when the report- 
er read the piece back to the 
Queen's Press Secretary, Mr 
Michael Shea. He also says Mr 
Shea made no complaints in 
this regard when be saw the 
published report. 

He also substantiates his 
claim that the Queen's views 
regarding the miners' strike 
and the US bombing raid on 
Libya were discussed with Mr 

Mr Neil says that during the 
reading back of the article Mr 
Shea had suggested a correc- 
tion be made to describe the 
Queen’s reaction to the Liby- 
an raids. 

Mr Neil writes: “The fea- 
ture article said the Queen was 
‘furious’ about iL Mr Shea 
told us that was too strong. It 
was the only one of Mr Shea's 
suggestions we forgot to make. 
Bui we did correct it on the 
page one story, which said the 
Queen had ‘misgivings’.'* 

Mr Neil goes on to suggest 
that unatmbutable briefings 



and guidance of the type used 
in the articles were given to 
journalists by the Palace, 
“which clearly distance the 
attitudes of the royal family 
from the Thatcher 

“Those in the Palace who 
knew about The Sunday 
Times articles before their 
publication... were playing 
with fire and did not have the 
wit to blow it out before it 
burned them,” he states. 

He said similar articles were 
repprted in publications as 
varied as The Economist and 
Today, but that the papers had 
been less specific about 
sourcing. _ 

The co-author of The Sun- 
day Times articles, Mr Simon 
Freeman, said it was while 
discussing The Economist's 
article on the Prince of Wales 
with Mr Shea, that the press 
secretary first ventured opin- 
ions about the Queen's politi- 
cal views. 

Mr Freeman said yesterday 

Continued on page 20, col 8 

Sterling and 
oil prices 
fall further 

Nervousness hit oil prices 
and the pound yesterday as 
the crucial meeting in Geneva 
of the Organization of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries ad- 
journed its first session after 
only 90 minutes. 

Sterling and the dollar both 
fell sharply. In London, the 
pound dosed at SI. 4770 
against the dollar, a 611 of 40 
points. In early trading in New 
York the dollar was recover- 
ing, but was still at record lows 
against the yen and mark. 

The Bank of England's ster- 
ling index opened at 71.7 
against 73 on Friday evening 
and after a slight recovery 
relapsed to close at 71.7. 

In the oil markets. North 
Sea Brent for September deliv- 
ery slid to $9.35 a barrel, down 
15 cents on Friday’s dose. 

Details, page 21 

Port call for 

Sao Miguel Azores (AP) — 
The Duke and Duchess of 
York arrived at the port of 
Ponta Delgada yesterday for a 
dinner with local officials on 
board the Royal Yacht Britan- 
nia. marking the end of their 
five-day honeymoon cruise in 
the Azores archipelago. * 
Britannia made port at 5pm 
local time as sunshine broke 
through the douds. The royal 
newlyweds, casually dressed, 
stood on the upper deck of the 
stem as Britannia was being 
berthed. . . . , 

The Duke wore white slacks 
and a yellow short-sleeved 
shirt, and his bride wore a 
Hue-prim low-cut dress, hold- 
ing a single white shoe in her 

Earlier they cancelled a dip 
off Sao Miguel when sunshine 
gave way to clouds and rain. 

Green throne chosen by defending chess king 

By Alan Hamilton 

The World Chess Champi- 
onship opened at the Bark 
Lano Hotel in London last 
night with a cm! h a n d sh a k e 
between the two Soviet protag- 
onists, and the traditional ob- 
jection by one player to his 

Anatoly Karpov A* fpnner 
world champion who is at- 
tempting to regain his title, 
was content with the tubular 
chrome, beige-upholstered of- 
fice chair prowled by the 
organizers. But Gary Kaspa- 
rov, the handsome young de- 
fending champion, rejected his 
chair in forour of a ffeear 
upholstered throne. 

Otherwise it was a seemly 
opening to a cerebral contest 
which has suffered from poli- 
tics and histrionics ever since 
the Soviets lost their domina- 
tion of the game when Spassky 
played Fischer in 1972. 

Karparov, the ament pop 

after the 5pm scheduled start, 
wearing a pale blue light- 
weight suit, shook h an d s with 
delighted British officials, ami 
sat down at the electronic 

Karpov, also young and 
handsome, bat a more studious 
establishment figure in a grey 
pinstripe suit emerged mo- 
meats later. The two shook 
ha « At peremptorily across the 

board to a ripple of applause 
from the capacity crowd. 

Mr George Walden, Parlia- 
mentary Under Secretary of 
State at the Department of 
Education, made the first 
move for Karpov, who had 
drawn white at Sunday’s offi- 
cial opening. The game then 
went Into a classic Gnmfeld 
defence by Kasparov. 

The first of the 12 games to 
be played in London, before 
tile contest transfers to Lenin- 
grad at the end of August, was 
underway. Karpov gazed at the 
board, winding his feet around 
his five-castored chair, while 
Kasparov fidgeted, shot his 
cuffs, and stared at Karpov. 

The contest is a largely 
Russian affair, with a fleet of 
Lada cars provided to bring 
the players and their delega- 
tions from their secret London 
hideouts, Rnssian interpreters 
on hand in the press room, and 
a large Soviet contingent 
among the 500 journalists 
accredited to the tournament. 

A highly on-Sodalist touch 
was provided by the backdrop, 
which names sponsors who 
have poured money in at the 
last moment to finance the 
contest's estimated £700,000 
budget Karpov and Kasparov 
have donated the prizemoney 
of £610,000 to the Chernobyl 
disaster fund. 

A notable absentee from the 
opening of the match was Mr 
Florenrio Campomanes, Pres- 
ident of FIDE, the Interna- 
tional Chess Federation, who 
preferred to fork in the wings 
after several verbal roastings 
from Kasparov in recent 
months about his fitness for 
the job. 

Britain, now the world’s 
second ranking chess nation, 
has scored a notable conp in 
bringing the first half of the 
all-Soviet championship to 
London, and the capital is now 
eqjoying the greatest media 
event since last week's royal 

Photograph, page 2 

made in 

By David Sapsted 

Detectives hunting ihe 
Siockwell strangler were last 
night questioning a man fol- 
lowing the discovery of finger- 
prints at the home of one of 
eight elderly murder victims. 

The man was arrested short- 
ly before noon yesterday when 
police, some of them believed 
to have been armed, sur- 
rounded an address in south 
London. He was taken to 
Clapham police station with- 
out a struggle. 

Serious Crimes Squad offi- 
cers following the four-month 
trail of killings in which five of 
the victims were sexually as- 
saulted. made the initial 
breakthrough at the weekend 
when the prints were found to 
match some already on police 

Four incident rooms and 
100 detectives are working on 
the string of murders under 
the control of Dei. Chief SupL 
Ken Thompson. 

Police spokesmen last night 
declined to give details of the 
person arrested, only describ- 
ing him as a white male. He 
had been arrested in connec- 
tion with the eight stranglings, 
but no charges had yet been 

The attacks attributed to the 
strangler began on April 9 
when Miss Nancy Elms, aged 
78. was found strangled in bed 
at her home in West Hill 
Road. Wandsworth, south- 
west London. She had been 
sexually assaulted. A month 
later Mrs Janet Cockett aged 
67, was discovered strangled 
at her flat on the Overton 
Road Estate. Siockwell, south 

On June 27, the strangler 
struck twice at an old people's 
home in nearby StockweU 
Park Road, killing and sexual- 
ly assaulting Mr Valentine 
Gleim. aged 84, and strangling 
his neighbour Mr Zbigniew 
Siabrava, aged 94. 

Mr William Carman, aged 
82, was found strangled and 
sexually assaulted at bis home 
on the Marquess Estate in 
Islington, north London, on 
July 8 and four days later Mr 
Trevor Thomas was found 
dead in his bath at Barton 
Court, Calpham. He had also 
been sexually assaulted. 

The next victim was Mr 
William Downs, aged 74. who 
was strangled and sexually 
assaulted at his flat on the 
Overton Road Estate. 
StockweU. Last Wednesday, 
police discovered Mrs Flor- 
ence Tisdall. aged 80, stran- 
gled in her bed in a flat in 
Putney, south-west London. 

to have 
on hand 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 

The Prime Minister is to go 
into hospital next week for an 
operation ou ber right hand. 

She is to have surgery under 
general anaesthetic on a bulge 
of skin tissue at the base of tire 
small finger, which has the 
effect of drawing the finger 
towards her palm. 

Withont the operation, 
which will take about an hour, 
the condition, known as 
Dupnytren's Contracture, 
coaid cause deformity and loss 
of function of the hand. 

Mrs Thatcher is to go into 
hospital next Tuesday after- 
noon after the end of the three- 
day Commonwealth summit 
on South Africa in London. 

She is to have private 
treatment, but the hospital has 
not been »«n«l for security 

Mrs Thatcher has had the 
condition, often confused with 
arthritis, for about 10 years 
and has known for several 
months that she needed an 

Next week was thought to be 
the most convenient time for 
the operation, which will take 
place on Wednesday. Mrs 
Thatcher is expected to be out 
of hospital by the following 

The condition is a drawing 
together of the skin and 
underlying tissues in die palm 
of the hand and can cause 
gradual and permanent bend- 
ing of fingers, according to 
Black's Medical Dictionary. If 
can only be cured by snrgery. 

Downing Street said last 
night the condition was Guriy 
common and the cure should 
be complete. 

The cause is not known. It 
can be inherited, altbapgh 
neither of Mrs Thatcher's 
parents had it; or it could be 
due to inflammation or to a 
disorder of the collagen sub- 
stances in die underlying tis- 
sues of the skin. 

The condition is not painful 
and has not restricted the use 
of Mrs Thatcher’s hand. After 
the operation she will have to 
have her arm in a sling for 
about a month and suffer some 
inconvenience because it is her 
writing hand. 

No special arrangements 
will be made for Mrs 
Thatcher's brief absence from 
government. Lord Whhelaw, 
the deputy prime minister, will 
be in the country and nominal- 
ly in charge JVIrs Thatcher will 
go to Chequers to recover after 
tiie operation. 

Guards die in jail break 

Lisbon (Reuter). — Three 
prison guards were shot dead 
and one wounded when at 
least four convicts escaped 
amid a hail of gunfire from a 
jail south of Lisbon. 

Police said the inmates fled 

in a prison van. apparently 
with another guard as hostage 
after a fierce exchange of 

They escaped from Pinheiro 
da Cruz prison, about 80 miles 
from the Portuguese capital. 

But only INTERCITY offer you 



• Use for any purpose • Existing loans repaid • No accounts needed 
for Self Employed • MIRAS available on qualifying loans • All loans 
secured • Variable interest rate • No fees • No Employer Enqumes 
• Homeowners and mortgage payers only. 

A deferred repayment plan lour plan 7) is ideal if you haveapartcular reason to 
delay com mencing repayment or you loan (although smu obviously pay intma 01 
the meantime) but to a larger loan a normal repayment arrangement is usually 
better as Ihe figures below show. 

MnfdrqainM — 

(APR 1&8 wfaWetC ItfB 17* •arfafaUtE 

SAVE Cl 175.40 
on a loan of £5000 
SAVE £1879.20 
on a loan of £8000 

SAVE £2350.80 
on a loan of £ 10,000 
SAVE £3526.20 

on a loan of £15.000 
By muiliMnns the montflly aw? by the lumber of months of the loan tn* toul saving uw 
im penodran fie seen lime loan is leoMtbrtniei-ine.the Baal cog ■oiMMOsawallyteis. 











222.40 19.59 


No gimmicks - no free offers - no expensn* front loading fee plans ■ just good 
professional senke. 

Specimen rates from our selection of over 50 plans to homeowners and 
mortgage payers from Cl 000 -£50,000 Figures show weekly equivalent rates 
to actual monthly instalments. 


15 yn 

10 rs 











188 (deferred repayment) 





















Tyccal Exvnjdc C1000«3Mspbn21 - £35-56TbttlCo« 61272.96 APR 18.1% 
Typical Eirofc E3000«3&ntapl»i7 » Ell O-TOpja. Total Con 0965.20 am iaj% 
Tnol Example E5000«60n*»pUnS = E122.13p.rn. Tcfcri Cat C7327J1Q APR 17.4% 
Typed Example £lSmxMnttxplxn22<=£294.60|Lm.TaM DM £24.746.40 APR 16.7* 



01 - 462-6192 

and elsewhere 

(0792) 464815 

Licensed lenders' "anefbrekers w;i' 
i!) loan? secured os property. 

166 Newport Road, Cardiff CF2 1DL 

home owner finance 

Members o' tnc 
o' Finance- ErcVer 


BR and watchdog body 
clash head-on over 
delays and complaints 

Michael Baity, Transport Editor 

An embarrassing dispute 
has arisen between British 
Rail and its user watchdog 
body, the Central Transport 
Consultative Committee, over 
BR's refusal to supply infor- 
mation on late trains and 
customer complaints. 

So incensed is the commit- 
tee that it is approaching two 
ministers in an effort to 
influence British RaiL They 
are Mr Paul Channon, Secre- 
tary of State for Trade and 
Industry, responsible for con- 
sumer bodies, and Mr David 
Mitchell, Minister of State at 
the Department of Transport 
and responsible for British 

“BR have stopped giving us 
information we have had ever 
since we were established 
under the 1962 Transport 
Act." a committee spokesman 
said. “As a result there will be 
no figure in our annual report 
next week for the level of 
public complaints to BR about 
their poor performance, and 
much more limited figures 

than usual on train punc- 

“They got upset at our 
meeting in March about the 
critical use we were making of 
the information they gave us, 
and said they would not give 
us it any more. Since then they 
have decided to give us the 
figures on trains on time and 
up to five minutes late, but not 
for longer delays and 

General Lennox Napier, 
committee chairman, said yes- 
terday : “BR look a knocking 
in die press last year on 
performance and punctuality, 
and some of this was attibuted 
to the CTCC. They said it was 
not helpful to their financial 
performance and competitive 
strength, and withdrew the 

“I have had a long talk with 
Bob Reid (Sir Robert Reid. 
BR chairman). He expressed a 
wish for candid and friendly 
relationships, and a certain 
amount of the information we 
need has been restored. But 
my committee members feel 

they need the full figures and 
not part.” 

British RaD claimed last 
night that agreement had been 
reached with the committee — 
“or at least with the 
chairman” — but it was still 
refusing to give full figures. 

“We expressed disquiet be- 
cause after every meeting to 
discuss performance there was 
a burst of publicity including 
leaking by them of critical 
parts, while favourable parts 
just went by the board. 

“We have stopped giving 
them public complaints statis- 
tics because they are not useful 
as a management tool or 
anything else. We have been 
inviting public comments on 
our performance so naturally 
they have gone up. But if we 
are going to be pilloried as a 
result there is not much use in 

“We are now giving them 
punctuality figures in line with 
our corporate plan, and infor- 
mation from opinion polls of 
consumer satisfaction. 

Svent on 

A psychopathic IdDer re- 
leased from Broadmoor In | 
spite of the objections of! 
medical staff went “on the, 
rampage” in his local High ! 
Street, a judge at the Central j 
C riminal Qmrt.wttt told yes- 

Btim Morgan, aged 39, was 
freed front ; the security 

trists did. not think be' had 
safBdeatiy recovered to be at 

World chess title challenger Anatoly Karpov (left) stares hard at the 
Kasparov, last night on the first day of their match at the Park Lane Hotel, 

Warning on picket disorder 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Border security on agenda 

Border security will be high 
on the agenda today when 
British and Irish Republic 
ministers meet in an effort to 

By Richard Ford 

three RUC officers in Newry, of the Northern Ireland Police 
Co Down. Federation, raised that matter 

As the first victim was with the Chief Constable, Sir 

limit the damage caused to the 
Anglo-Irish agreement by the 
dispute over policing Orange 

The meeting between the 
Secretary of State for North- 
ern Ireland. Mr Tom King, 
and the Irish Republic's For- 
eign Minister, Mr Peter Barry, 
will be held in London. 

It comes as the Government 
faces pressure from Unionists 
for a toughening of border 
security in the wake of the 
Provisional IRA murder of 

alleged that the attack, like 
many others, had been 
launched from the republic. 

Mr James Molyneaux, lead- 
er of the Official Unionist 
Party, demanded that the 
Prime Minister should give 
the security forces a freer hand 
to deal with the terrorists. 

Since 1970. a total of 49 
police officers have died in the 
border town with three attacks 
since February 1985 claiming 
16 lives. 

Mr Alan Wright, chairman 

discussed the attack yesterday. 

Mr King's meeting with the 
republic's Foreign Minister 
comes as the Government 
shows anger that Mr Barry 
issued a public statement on 
ihe policing of parades at a 
time when tension in the 
province was high. 

Mr Barry will seek assur- 
ance that Britain is committed 
to the Anglo-Irish agreement, 
although there is uncertainty 
in Belfast and Dublin about its 
future implementation. 

The picket-line disorder 
outside the News Intemation- 
aJ plant at Wappiqg in east 
London has reached the level 
experienced at the 1976 
Notting Hill Carnival, which 
at the time was unique. Sir 
Kenneth Newman, Metropoli- 
tan Police Commissioner, said 
last night. 

After the Notting Hill riot 
defensive shields were intro- 
duced and other innovations 
followed. Sir Kenneth said 
there was a change in severity 
of the comparatively frequent 
public disorders with which 
police were confronted. 

“1 am thinking of the level 
of disorder seen at demonstra- 
tions and on picket-lines. As 
the intensity of violence expe- 
rienced in riots has increased, 
so, at a lower level, has the 

violence on the more regular 
public events. 

“In response to the frequen- 
cy of disorder, the police 
image changes,” he said m the 
Police Foundation annual 

“This has to be so, in order 
to provide officers with a 
reasonable level of protection 
against attack But this change 
has been comparatively rapid, 
so that the average member of 
the public with no first-hand 
experience of such disorder 
may be inclined to see police 
riot dress and tactics as con- 
tributing to the disorder rather 
than as a necessary response to 


Sir Kenneth called for more 
public understanding of the 
situation in which police were 
placed. “We need intelligent 
debate about police public 


ffchc" v>r<n\ 

runr rffpn-** 1 

Vi*cc«r ^ I 

, / 

C faC CangMO m MCa nt t ma am 

Shock number one: a Nefax can rocket your words and 
pictures around the world, or around the comer, in as 
little as 12 seconds. 

Shock number-two: you probably have several important 
competitors with a Nefax already installed. 

Shock number three: the next post isn't for five hours. 




Send to: Fax Sales, NEC Business Systems (Europe) Limited, 
35 Oval Road, London NWt 7EA Telephone: Ot-267 7000. 

tfuwaaiaMU *»nxi 

Nothing can outfax a Nefax. 

order tactics, rather than the 
partisan opinion or emotive 
comments which are too often 
afi we hear." 

Sir Kenneth, who was lec- 
turing on Palice^public rela- 
tions, the pace of change, said 
violent crime was increasing 
foster than other kinds.The 
use of knives and other sharp 
instruments in crime had 
doubled in the past five years. 

“As crime becomes more 
violent, so there are more, 
assaults on police officers; in 
1985 for the first time over 
3,000 officers were injured as a 
result of being assaulted 

“The suspect with whom 
the police officer deals is more 
likely to be armed with some 
sort of weapon, and more 
likely to resort to its use. This 
provides an extra pressure on 
the unarmed officer ” 


Radioactive dements from 
fallout at the Russian nuclear 
>wer station at Chernobyl 
tve turned up in laboratory 
analyses in Britain (Our. Sri-, 
race Editor writes). According 
‘to scientists at the Oliver 
Lodge Laboratory in the De- 
partment of Physics of Liver- 
pool 'University, the 
significance is more important 
in explaining the efforts taken 
to contain the accident in the 
Soviet Union than in then- 
possible health hazards. 

The discovery came while 
examining dairy and meat 
products from North Wales, 
and was made on special 
equipment for measuring very 
low levels of radioactivity. : 
The studies revealed traces of 1 
radioactive isotope of silver in 
beef and lamb liver, but not in 
any other tissue taken from 
the animals. 

That is the first report of a 
silver radionuclide. The- de- 
tails are outlined, in a letter 
contained in this week's edi- 
tion of the scientific journal, 

In a separate development 
yesterday, checks on air filters 
at the Ford Motor Company 
factory at HaJewood, Mersey- 
side, revealed two to three 
times higher levels than the 
normal background radiation 
found in previous checks. 

The cost of firaerpratt rec- 
ognition is too high and is to be 
reduced by- new technology 
(Petra- Evans writes). 

This latest example of sav- 
ing money with the microchip 
was given by Mr Giles Shaw, 
Minister of State at tire Home 
Office, to the animal educa- 
tional conference for the Inter- 
natlonal Association for 
Identification in London yes- 

**We have estimated that the 

The judge was told because 
of a rating by the European 
Court of Hannan Rights, which 
stales that patients held indef- 
initely can apply yearly for 
discharge, they had to mease 
Mm . ■ • 

Although doctors opposed 
Morgan's release, a mental 
health tribunal sanctioned his 
freedom in May 1982. : 

The court was told that 
Morgan, of Cambridge Road, 
Kilbum, north-west London, 
was ordered to be detained 
without limit of time in 
Broadmoor after his convic- 
tion in 1971, fin stabbing a 
man to death in a public bouse. 

Miss Anna Womdl, com «I 
for Morgan, told the coart that 
in Septecsisar- 1984 he was 
allowed at huge again from the 
hospital and found It 
“impossible” to cope in the 
outside world, without friends, 
money or “a normal periodof 

A year later Morgan 
“snapped” and caused terror 
in Kfiburn High Road while 
aimed with a long-bladed 
bread knife. * 

Morgan pleaded gnOty to 
robbing a schoolboy aged 16 
and part-tone shop-assistant 
at Woolworth, and bidding a 
mother and daughter hostage 
at knife point daring an hour- 
long siege. 

Judge Richard Lowry re- 
manded Morgan in custody finr 

farther psychiatric reports and 

will, pass sentence in 
September. . - ’ 

Stalker to 
talk to : 
Sampson \ 

have a final meeting, with the 
Chief Constable leading, an 
inquiry into complaints..^ 

Ut whl be the second tune j 
IhatMr Stalker, Deputy Ouet . , s 
Constable of Greater 
Chester, wffl have met: West .? 
Yorkshire Chief Constable, ,j j 

Mr Cblin . Sampson, since the ' 

investigation began. . ^ 

The meeting will be attend- 
ed by Mr Stalker's solicitor.-* 
Mr Peter Lakin, who yester- ... 
day said today’s meeting *s a ^ 
clearing-up exercise, lcere^ 
are one or two minor matters. J 
that need sorting outfit w.-J 
nothing more than that. J 

Nalgo holding J 

• Nalgo, the local government , 
union, yesterday began ballot- 
ing its 495,000 members on 
strike action over pay. Ther ; 
are being asked whether they, 
are prepared to strike on any 
three days in. any four-week- 3 
period. ^ __. fr, 

The employers have ofletwr 
an increase of 5.96 per cent in . 
response to a claim , for 12 pec 
cent or £900, whichever is toe 
greater. The cash figure in the; 
ffiaim is intended to help those 
bn low pay, for. whom a per- 
centage increase would mean 

Banks link for 

Britain's biggest electronic 
banking network was 
.launched by three banks 

More' than 9 million card 
holders from the TSB, Mid- 
land and National Westmin- 
ster banks will be able to . 
choose from more than 4,000^,. 
electronic banking machines*' 
under an agreement linking] 
their computers. | 

National Gallery still 
in search of director 

By Gavin Bell, Arts Correspondent 

Ones to toe identity of toe scholarly Bartingto, maga- 
next director of toe National zme, as a strong contender. 
Gallery are proving to be as Mr MacGregor has no ex : 
rare as a Caravaggio painting perience hi directing a gallery, 
recently ' acquired by the . but he' was safer to _ have 
institution. ' - impressed the cnmmfasioaera 

_ , • . . r . with his imagmativerespons- 

■ Use plot tMckfioe*! hh last gg. “Hk nrfianp and charming^ 
■~ y r . ' JdMii manner came across very weft 
Pfllslrary, the first dMMce oi fein-toe interne*.” * 

the selection pond; .witottiew -. “ 
his candidature to succeed Sir . Ten candidates were tnter- 
Mkfaael Levey in arguably toe viewed earlier this month by 
moot important position in toe pane! of toe CMl Service 
British art. Comnrissioh, with Mr Jacob 

Rothschild, chairman of the 
Mr Pffisbnry, director off the galkry's trustees, sitting as a 
Khnbell Art Museum in Fort member. 

THelr rraommendatfon, 

j^i^Mce, whkh had 

commitment to conserving art 'ISSSSSlS JUS™* ^ 
treasures in Britain. apporstment last week. . 

- Irfe nsderstood their prefer* 

Speculation in another cure was for Mr Pffisbary, and 
newspaper that the man now the delay has been dne to his 
most likely to succeed was Mr Hump ing his mind twice about 
John Ingamells, director of the whether to accent 
Wallace Collection, evoked 

doubt in art circles and. but- His v acil l ati on was said to 
prise in toe gentleman himseli have placed the authorities 
yesterday. and toe other ca nd ida t es in 

. _ • • an extremely difficult 

Mr Ingamells said that he position”. 


the successful candidate, and Sortth e rtS?fhp ,, 2fI^ W **2 
thM he bad receiral no tether 

tire, of his nationality. AD 

identified Mr Neil hewouUpnSv a British 
MacGregor, editor of toe randw— » . 

It was believed that auto- 
matic fin gerp rint recognition 
system (AFR) “will enable ns 
to reduce the cost par identifi- 
cation substantially”. 

“We are cmventiy develop- 
ing plans to introduce AFR 
throughout - the United 

£700.” Mr Shaw said. 

Since tire design of the 
system, including two years 
operational experience at 
Scotland Yard, work on AFR 

over accuracy and higher speed at 
less cost. 

-One method made nse of a 
British-designed microchip 

called a “transputer”. One of 
the conference exhibits 
showed transputers anwHng 
fingerpr-^is for automatic 

service in 
to eUm ted Emfion produced 
434)00 identifications last 
yrar. Only half of them 

from checks of suspects. That 

«*»] Produced fr^TSdd 

Woman dragged cycle 
under car for 3 miles 

A woman motorist drove 
for more lhan three miles with 
a bicyde trapped under her car 
after killing the rider, Glouces- 
ter Grown Court was told 

Miss Susan Cherrie, aged 
28, a hotel manageress, was 
more than three times over 
the drink-drive limit when toe 
set off from tbe Gloucester 
Hotel and Country Ctab after 
a day of drinking wine. It was 

Mr Gregory BoD, fix' tire 
prosecution, described bow 
her car mounted tire, kerb 
twice, hit an oncoming, car, , 
and forced traffic to stop, 
before colliding with Mr Law- 
rence Gough, aged 45, on his 

“Mr Gough was propelled 
into the ‘air and be made 
contact with the windscreen, 
and roof of her car; before- 
being carried for a r short 

distance on tire bonnet,” Mr 
Bull said. ■ 

Mr Bull said that Cherrie 
drove on lor three— and— a— 
half miles with the bicyde 
wedged under her car. 

She went to a friend's house 
in Tewkesbury Rioad. 
Gloucester, -and tbe police 
were called. 

Cherrie, who lives at the 
hotel, pleaded guilty to cans-' 
ing the death of Mr Gough, of 
Lotumey Road Gloucester, by 
reckless driving and to anoth- 
er reckless driving charge. 

She was given an 18 months 
jafl sentence suspended for 
two years, fined £500. ordered 
to oa v £500 prosecution QVEK 

MoD move to 
‘give small 
firms chance 

British industry’s single bie- 
foe MinStry^ 

Defence, is to publish 

and banned from driving for 
four years. 

Passing sentence, Judge 
Bulger said: ^It might be 
unfair to blame your col- 
leagues, bur It :is. perfectly 
obvious they realized you had 
bad too much to drink.” ■ 


^jrf’ 0 «& 



The r 

3.5m working days are 
lost in hospital queues, 
consumer council says 

Rv B/thtn Vnnnn » 

Si ** tight 

«? .-»»»„ _ K ate 




period. ‘ m % bt 

- T 5.-2v 0 >^b 

The equivalent of more 
than three and a half million 
working days is lost **rb year 
by people queuing in hospital 
outpatients’ departments, the 
chairman of the National 
Consumer Council claims 

In his' introduction to the 
council's annual report, Mr 
Michael Montague says that 
the British, are good 
queuers,but their self-disci- 
pline is being abused because 
hospital staff value their own 
lime much more highly than 
that ofthose who have to wait. 

NHS queues, be says, are 
“the most heart-rending" of 

By Robin Young 

equivalent of three and a half 
million working days were lost 
in outpatient departments. 

One of the main reasons put 
forward by hospitals for then- 
packed waiting rooms is the 
overbooking of patients for 
any one session. 

At St Thomas* Hospital in 
London, the thyroid and car- 
diac clinics are usually too 
busy with 55-60 patients dur- 
ing most morning surgeries. 
Because each dime has only 
three doctors working. at any 
one time, the chances of 
anyone gening seen at the 
time is slim, 
hospital adrainstrators 

all. “Old people are waiting say that more money is need- 
tor hip replace- ed i“ * 


'<r>Sn£ aa “*«iii 

three years 

mest operations. 'Some of 
them die of old age before they 
reach the top of the list.” - 
A Department of Health 
spokesman yesterday con- 
firmed that a DHSS study had 
shown that outpatients wait 
on average about three-quar- 
ters of an hour before being 
"4 seen. On that basis it bad been 
calculated that in England and 
Wales, for 1984 alone.* the 

if they are to cut waiting 
lime drastically. However 
they hopes new computerized 
appointments registration sys- 
tem will help to streamline the 
way people are booked in as 

Queuing is far from popu- 
lar, Mr Montague says. An 
NCC survey showed that by 
far the largest cause of com- 
plaint about shops was long 
check-out queues In super- 

markets. “But problems of 
queuing in shops are as noth- 
ing to the queues for services, 
whose providers appear to 
believe that they do not have 
to please anybody.” 

He also singles out Britisb 
Rail, bus companies, the Post 
Office, the gas and electricity 
boards for critrism. 

The queue for better hous- 
ing. he estimates, is 1,750,000 
people long. In 2 984, 

1.216.000 were waiting for a 
council house or fiat Afunher 

568.000 were waiting for 
transfer from one local author- 
ity home to another. 

Mr Montague is also critical 
of the backlogs in the courts. 
The demand for legal aid has 
risen by 44.5 per cent during 
the past four years but the 
number of staff dealing with 
applications is up by less than 
9 per cent. 

National Consumer Council An- 
nual Report 1985-86 (Available 
free by writing to lo Annual 
Report, NCC 18 Queen Anne's 
Gate, London SW] H 9AA, 
enclosing A 5 addressed en- 
velope with 31p stamps). 

Ba nks links 


• sn “ !!! * biKu • 

Retrial for woman 
serving life term 

: P -‘ A* b 

h-S S? >n«i C 

, r -T-,f ^ TSB.5 

--lor,; DirJving ^ 


rallery sfil 

)f director 

is Correspondent 

fhp-'arh &7%a*q 

rise, is a strong cun& 

Mr MacGregor 1» Bt 
?vn enie n directiagagft 
ha: fce sa said b k 
’J'lpfi.-iwd the o aa» 

0 “His crfcEtctao^. 
runner caroeanawiirf 
ifcrtag the teawT 

Ttr» randidSB«®« 
tfirlirf us ui) 
l?i Of tkifrfSK 

1 or jr-.isdoa. with Mr Js 



The Court of Appeal yester- 
day ordered a retrial for a 
woman who killed her adop- 
tive mother . with an axe 
during a family quarreL 

The judges acted after bear- 
ing fresh evidence that sup- 
ported the claim of Frances 
McFaul aged 23, that she had 
been having an epileptic fit at 
the time of the killing. 

".V McFauL of Kddgate, Bever- 
ley. Humberside, who was 
given a life jail sentence at 
Leeds Crown Court on Janu- 
ary 20 1984, for murdering 
Mrs Kathleen McFaul. aged 
54. in March the previous 
vear, had her conviction 
quashed and sentence set 

The Lord Chief Justice, 
Lord Lane, silting in London 
with Mr Justice Nolan and Mr 
Justice Macpherson, directed 
that she remain in custody 
pending the retriaL 

The appeal judges had earli- 
er heard fresh evidence from a 
.fellow prisoner, Mrs Valerie 
-Mason, and two prisox} nurs- 
ing sisters, about apparent 
epileptic attacks suffered; by 
McFaul while in custody at 

Risley Remand Centre and at 
Styal Women's Prison in 

Mrs Mason had spoken of 
McFaul being in a “trance- 
like** state m one attack. 

McFaul had claimed at her 
trial that she was suffering 
from temporal lobe epilepsy at 
the time of the killing. 

the jury refused 


the u 


return a verdict of manslaugh- 
ter through diminished re- 
sponsibility, or a verdict of not 
guilty by reason of insanity. 

Lord Lane said the only 
course the Court of Ai 
could take was to ordera 
trial so that the new evidence 
“can be explored in depth by a 
fresh jury”. 

The appeal judges bad been 
told earlier that there had been 
an affectionate relationship 
between the victim and her 
adopted daughter. 

But there had been a dispute 
between them over the daugh- 
ter's boy friends and a possible 
theft charge being laid against 

The mother had been struck 
with an axe and had a ligature 
tied round her nedc. The 
house was ransacked. 

‘was asked 
to pose’ 

An administrative assistant 
in a council’s recreation de- 
partment was told by a senior 
officer that she should pose in 
football kit to promote a five- 
a-dde football tournament be- 
cause she had the “biggest bust 
in the department”. 

When Miss Alison Penny, 
aged 27, refused, Reading 
Borough Council's open 
spaces officer, Mr Eric Gilles- 
pie, is alleged to have told hen 
“My wife says if you’ve got it, 
flaunt it,” an industrial tribu- 
nal at Reading, Berkshire, was 
told yesterday. 

Miss Penny, of Slough, said 
that Mr Gillespie’s alleged 
sexual harassment was one 
reason why she was forced to 

She alleged that she had also 
been subjected to “scathing 
criticism” by a senior officer 
in front of colleagues and that 
a superior had shown her an 
aggressive attitude. 

Miss Penny is claiming 
constructive dismissal. The 
hearing continues today. 

T heir 

**v!i »sh=:rjd » 

M:ii tier’s Offire. ■»* 
&m:= c\p«Md oa®*" 1 

hfl ■fit 

i* i*d dernorii&P 

e handle# 51* 
x fc_tric- r :o 

i; ; . 

^ tk ** 
: v. other 
“ extremely 


: f -VbJ »** 
l:. ; K «d p Kfrr 



:Rtf > f "S£ 

^ id y* 

*?■'" fa**" 
i. r j09P 


A businessman yesterday 
accused a medical hypnotist of 
being in league with an ac- 
countant to wreck his bicycle 
company. Mr George Water- 
son, aged 49, from Cheshire, 
told a medical disciplinary 
hearing in London he believed 
'-3 there was a conspiracy be- 
tween Dr Joseph Jaffa and an 

. He said his life was wrecked 
after he was treated by Dr 
jaffe, aged 60, from Manches- 
ter, and by the end of his 
association with Dr Jaffe his 
business was in liquidation 
and he was suicidal. “1 find it 
hard to believe two profes- 
sional men could work togeth- 
er and the end result could be 
so devastating to my business, 
life and health,” he said. 

Mr Waterson said he spent 
between £35.000 and £60,000 
on treatment from Dr Jaffe. 
Later be was introduced to Dr 
Jaffa's accountant whom Dr 
Jaffe described as a “financial 

" Mr Waterson said Dr Jaffa's 
'secretary wore see-through 
"blouses and tight trousers to 
maintain his dependence on a 
mysterious drug, “Jaffe juice” . 
_He said Mrs Cbannaine Owen 
Twore skimpy tops as she held 
"Mr Waterson down while Dr 
.Jaffe administered the 
rdrug.The businessman be- 
■ came besotted with the attrac- 
tive assistant and visited her 
"al night, showered lavish gifts 
on her and proposed marriage. 
But he denied having sexual 
relations with her. . 

The case continues. 


’ r r~ -S.rftt’ 

’ V! ' F 

• - 

■ ' . .v- 
' r . - 

. ..y;; 

Lichfields are 
after 11 years 

.. Lord Lichfield, aged 47, was 
- divorced by his wife, Leonora, 
.aged 37. yesterday because of 
‘his unreasonable behaviour. 

His wife, who is the sister of 
Britain's richest man, the 
.Duke of Westminster, was 
^granted a decree nisi by Judge 
mailman in the London Di- 
“vorce Court. The couple were 
married rn March 1975. 

.*“ -Lady Lichfield is reported 
■ as saying their divorce was 
.“totally without acrimony . 
They will share custody of 
their children. Lord Anson, 
''aged seven, and daughters 
~Lady Rose, aged nine, and 
"Lady Eloise. aged four. 

Lord Lichfield owns a 
"-6.000-acre historic home in 
’^Staffordshire worth an esu- 
*- mated £15 million, and is 
reported to earn £300,000 a 

Huge reduction in 
number of hedges 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 
More than 100,000 miles of cent, from almost 900,000 

hedge have been lost in Eng- 
land and Wales in the past 40 
years, according to one of the 
most detailed surveys ever 
made of changes in the British 
landscape. It said the total 
length of wall was much the 
same, bin there was more 
fencing than 40 years ago. 

One of tiie least conspicu- 
ous but most significant 
points of the survey was to 
show how the traditional criss- 
cross pattern of the English 
landscape bad steadily given 
way to larger fields. The loss of 
hedge ana increased use of 
fencing bad accelerated in the 
past five years. 

The total length of all 
“linear features” that break up 
the pattern of the landscape 
had fallen by about 15 per 


1947 18® 1980 85 

Soarc&H o mngsToctincalSerrlces 

miles to fewer than 750,000. 
Such features included ditches 
and banks as well as hedges, 
fences and walls. 

“The study indicates that 
the total length of hedgerows 
in England and Wales has fall- 
en dramatically,” Mr William 
Waldegrave, a Minister of 
State at the Department of the 
Environment, said yesterday. 
Huntings Technical Services 
of Borehamwood, Hertford- 
shire, conducted the survey 
for the Government and 
Countryside Commssion 

Mr Waldegrave said -the 
figures might not be complete- 
ly accurate, but dear trends 
could be picked out There 
were more built-up areas and 
pine forests and fewer stretch- 
es of wild, uncultivated coun- 
tryside. The compilers said the 
figures for hedges might be 
high, because a tree-girt fence 
might look like a hedge in a 
photograph taken from the 

The survey showed that 0.2 
per cent of the land surface of 
England and Wales consisted 
of bare rock and a further 0.2 
per cent of open space in 
towns and dries. Well over 
two-thirds consisted of farm- 
land. about 8 percent of forest 
and more than 7 per cent was 
built on. 

Jack Lemmon 

in London. He will be 
opens on Monday at 

Pensioners jeer at 40p rise 

Two thousand pensioners 
demonstrated outside 
Downing Street yesterday 
against yesterday’s 40p a week 
increase in the stale pension — 
a rise they described as “a 
bloody insult”. 

The increase is in line with 
inflation and takes the rate for 
single people to £38.70 and for 
married couples to £61.95. 
The pensioners handed in 32 
petitions — one from each 
London borough — railing for 
a pensions review. 

They were led by Mr Jack 
Jones, aged 73, a former trade 

union leader and now rice- 
chairman of the National 
Pensioners’ Convention. 

He said; “Pensioners are 
mad about this increase. A 
40p rise is an absolute insult. 
It doesn’t cover the 22paweek 
increase in the TV licence, the 
increase on two loaves of 
bread, or the increase in 
electricity and other fuel 

“But I am telling them 
’Don’t get mad, get even*. At 
the next general election the 
pensioners will be making an 
issue of This.” 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher, 
who was 60 last October, was 
at No 10, but did sot come to 
the door. 

One pensioner, Mr Sid Eas- 
ton, from Wandsworth, south- 
west London, said: 
“Pensioners were expecting a 
decent increase this time. But 
this will mean a sentence of 
death for many pensioners.” 

Mrs Sally Greengross. depu- 
ty director of Age Concern 
England, said yesterday: “Pen- 
sioners are being given pen- 
nies when they should get 

Consumers seek better 
service from milkmen 

Ninety per cent of house- 
wives would prefer to have 
milk delivered lo their door- 
steps before eight o’clock, 
according to a National Dairy 
Council survey. 

The survey also found that 
more than half of all consum- 
ers wanted an ordering, billing 
and receipt system including 
unit price and a wider range of 
dairy products available for 
morning doorstep delivery. 

Housewives also called fora 
range of more skimmed and 
semi-skimmed milk products. 

By Trndi McIntosh 

The survey found that 64 
per cent of consumers, had 
milk delivered because it was . 
convenient, 26 per cent be- 
cause they got their milk early, 
and 1 7 per cent who said the 
system was reliable. 

Milkmen should also talk 
more to their customers, the 
survey found. 

But consumers who did not 
have their milk home deliv- 
ered said they were worried 
about running up large bills 
and never seeing the milkman. 

Heir held on 
drug charges 

The heir to the Dunhill 
tobacco fortune was yesterday 
remanded in custody for a 
week, accused of supplying 

Christopher Dunhill aged 
31. was arrested at his flat in 
Marlborough Place. St John's 
Wood, north London, on 
Friday, after an anonymous 
tip to drugs squad detectives. 

Sails restored 

The. 170-year-old windmill 
at Burnham Overy, Norfolk, 
owned by the National Trust, 
has been restored with new 
sails and a fan tail at a cost of 

in maths 

By Mark Dowd 

The crisis in mathematics 
teaching in Britain's schools 
was singled out for attention 
last night by Mr Hugh Ainsley, 
the national chairman of the 
Professional Association of 

Addressing delegates on the 
opening day of the union's 
annual conference in Man- 
chester, he said that poorly 
qualified teachers did little to 
inspire an appetite for the 
subject in their pupils. 

“We still have many prima- 
ry school teachers who have 
not passed O-favel mathe- 
matics.” be said. “Some of 
these teachers even admit that 
they find mathematics boring 
and that they prefer to get 
their mathematics lessons out 
of the way as quickly as 

Moreover, he said, many 
lower mathematics classes in 
secondary schools are taught 
by unqualified teachers. 

Mr Ainsley was particularly 
critical of the use of electronic 
calculators. “There is a danger 
in being over-reliant on such 
machines,” be said. 

“I do not believe that they 
should be used on a daily basis 
from primary school upwards 
wherever basic mathematical 
operations are to be per- 
formed. Many of the more 
able O-level students now 
reach for a calculator to 
multiply by two or three and 
do not even check whether 
their answers appear to be 

Mr Ainsley also called on 
the independent sector to take 
further steps to embrace chil- 
dren from all social back- 

• By the end of the decade 
two thirds of British school- 
teachers will be over 40 years 
of age and in dire need of 
retraining in techniques and 
methods, advisers to the Cabi- 
net Office claim in a study 
published last night and re- 
ported in The Timer yesterday 
(our Technology Correspon- 
dent writes). 

A review of the educational 
needs is necessary since the 
current system will collapse by 
the end of (he century, the 
report says. 

The study, the work of the 
Information Technology Ad- 
visory Panel claims that Brit- 
ain must significantly alter its 
educational policies, and im- 
prove teacher training and the 
financing of education if it is 
to have any chance ofcompet- 
mg^industrially in the year 

Computers and other edu- 
cational needs must be used to 
far greater effect the advisers 

Learning to live with IT 
(Injbrmation Technology): (Sta- 
tionery Office; £4). 

stops two 

A police officer was hailed 
as a hero yesterday after 
helping to stop two suicide 
attempts in less ihan seven 
hours. Sergeant Ramon Dufi 
fin, aged 4u. and another offi- 
cer handcuffed themselves to 
a 14-stone man to stop him 
falling 160 feet 

Sgt Duffin and Police Con- 
stable John Timms spent 15 
minutes being held by other 
officers with the man dangling 
over a sixteenth floor balcony 
at Cleveland Tower in 
Birmingham. Hours later Sgt 
Duffin climbed scaffolding to 
help grab a girl aged 19 who 
was threatening to throw her- 
self 30 feel to a concrete floor. 

Policeman is 
sent for trial 

Police Constable Wayne 
Marshall, aged 25. was com- 
mitted for trial at Southwark 
Crown Court, south London, 
yesterday charged with caus- 
ing grievous bodily harm to a 
man aged 44 who was mental- 
ly ill. 

PC Marshall based at West 
Hampstead policestation. had 
charges of stealing £20 and 
robbing the alleged victim of 
the same amount dismissed 
by Bow Street magistrates 
He was given unconditional 

Denby man on 
new charge 

A man arrested by the 
police who are bunting the 
missing solicitor, Mr Jona- 
than Denby. faced a new 
charge when he appeared at 
Bow Street Magistrates' Court 

Philip Callaghan, aged 28, 
unemployed, of Bow. east 
London, was accused of pos- 
sessing a firearm. He was 
already charged with making a 
threat to kill and conspiring to 
contravene the firearms Act. 
He was remanded in custody 

Bombing plot 
appeal refused 

A retired schoolmaster, 
jailed for 14 years for his part 
in a terrorist-inspired car 
bombing plot, was yesterday 
refused leave to appeal against 
his sentence. 

Peter John Jordan, aged 62, 
of St Peters Rise, Headley 
Park. Bristol, had admitted 
being an “intelligence officer” 
in a plot to endanger a retired 
SAS colonel 

Heart death 

Mr Richard Noden, aged 
20, of Walton in Stone. Staf- 
fordshire, who was given two. 
hearts in succession in recent 
operations, died yesterday in 
Harefield Hospital Middle- 

search for 
2 children 

Interpol yesterday intensi- 
fied its search to find two 
British schoolchildren on holi- 
day in Europe, who axe at the 
centre ofa health scare. 

The two, Christopher 
Capener, aged seven, and his 
sister Angela, aged five, are 
schoolmates of Christopher 
Knight, aged seven, who last 
week became the latest victim 
to die of meningitis in the 
Stroud area of 

Health chiefs tested a0 of 
Christopher Knight's friends 
at the Park Infants School, at 
Stonehouse, near Stroud, and 
found two youngsters with the 
vims. They are now recover- 
ing in hospital 
The health authorities anx- 
iously want the Capener chil- 
dren to undergo urgent tests. 

The children Sare thought to 
be on a camping holiday with 
their parents, Paul and An- 
nette, in the south-west of 
France. But the family has 
been out of touch since the 
health alert last week and the 
parents are still unaware of the 
risk to the children. 

Airport goods 
‘cheaper than 
high streets’ 

Travellers save at least the 
equivalent of 15 per cent 
value-added tax by shopping 
at British Airports duty-free 
shops, the British Airports 
Authority said yesterday 
Its survey of tax-free prices 
in the shops at the seven main 
airports the authority controls 
in -Britain showed that every 
product on sale offered at least 
the VAT saving. 

Perfumes were at least 20 
per cent cheaper than high 
street prices and cassette play- 
ers and radios were far cheap- 
er lax free than those offered 
by discount chains. 

Cigarettes, tobacco and li- 
quor, which cany excise duty 
as well as VAT, show up to 45 
per cent savings- in some 
cases more. 

The survey comes as the 
EEC is considering ending tax- 
free shopping for those travel- 
ling abroad. 

The shops were called a 
“rip-o fT by Sir Henry Plumb, 
leader of the Tory group in the 

Piimnpan Parliament — - 

Architects blamed for 
Koch gallery delay 

By David Sapsted 

We s t mi nst e r council last 
night denied ft was to blame 
for die decision of Mr Fred 
Koch, an American nmltimfl- 
Ixmaire, to poll out of an 
ambitions project to torn an 
historic home in London into 
an art gallery. 

As revealed in The Times 
yesterday, Mr Koch had 
planned to establish the gal- 
lery' and study centre at St 
John’s Lodge, a villa in 
Regent's Park, but bad eventu- 
ally withdrawn from the 
scheme, blaming the time- 
consuming complexities of the 
British planning system. 

A council spokesman said it 
had been “saddened” by the 
decision not to proceed but 
insisted that the fault lay wit h 
architects who had not submit- 
ted revised, detailed plans for 
the scheme. 

“We did everything we 
could to enable this project to 
reach fruition. After twice 
deferring a decision on the 
application because of the 
weight of objections, we then 

gave approval in principle to 
the scheme,” he said. 

“It was while we were 
awaiting a revised application 
on detailed plans from the 
architects that we learnt Mr 
Koch had decided to drop the 


The council he added, had 
been in possession of the 
application by Mr Koch, a 
prolific collector of nineteenth 
century academic art, for the 
establishment of the gallery, 
for about a year. For at least 
two years previously, Mr 
Koch's agent. Gluttons, had 
been negotiating a 99-year 
lease on the property. 

The building, constructed in 

1819 to a Raffield design and 
boasting extensions by 
Decimus Barton and Sir 
Charles Barry, was considered 
unique and Westminster 
Council requested significant 

Mr Koch is still believed to 
be looking for a suitable home 
for the collection on this side 
of the Atlantic. 

airline system 

We are pleased to 
announce the introduction 
of our 5th B747 flight from 
London Heathrow to 
Kuala Lumpur departing 
every Tuesday at 19.00 hrs. 

This is in addition to our existing services 
on Sunday, Monday, Thursday and Friday. 


\ mdaMiMilfllMnawn 

PERTH • SEOUL • SINGAPORE • 5" j'DNE f ■ TAIPEI ■ TOK rO ■ V-a a :: ■« ia-fcW k wnn.n Mj'-i/iH -From jin July 1986. 

For reservations and more information contact you' local travel agent or Malaysian Airline System. 25/27 St George Sl, 
Hanover Square. London W1R 9RE- Preclel: 344190. Te!. No. 01 -491 454J. 


tfil CF 


to be the Army’s 

Wliat you see before you is a Challenger tank, 
armed to the teeth, as in future years it might appear 
on enemy radar. 

Camouflage is perhaps the most basic, yet most 
significant, weapon of war. 

But today, with the introduction of more 
complex, multi-dimensional surveillance equipment, 
concealment has become increasingly difficult 

E\en the most sophisticated camouflage tech- 
niques and practices soon become out-dated. 

Quite simply, every ship, submarine, aircraft tank 
or armed individual gives off its own unique signal, 
(or signature ) that can be recognised acoustically, 
thermally, magnetically or by radar. 

In any attack, the element of suiprise is com- 
pletely removed by a simple reading of the signatures. 

So Plessev have taken the signatures, and 


changed them. Using a multitude of electronic 
devices, radar-absorbent materials, and a host of 
other techniques, Plessev have made it possible to 
thwart the most sophisticated detection systems. 

Now, a tank will give off the same signature as, 
say a milk float. Or a Land Rover the same as a 


Our own crack troops. 

None of which came about overnight. 

At Plessev, we are committed to long-term 
research into and development of the three areas we 
operate m: telecommunications, defence electronics, 
and micro electronics. 

We insist on recruiting the best young talent. 
We encourage entrepreneurialism. And we invest 
consistently and heavily on the basis of sound 

spent over £1 billion in new product development 
m ah our principal business areas. 

Because of our long-term strategic thinking, and 
strong financial resources, we are always in thefore- 
front of exciting, new technological breakthroughs 

Under attack. 

Unfortunately, there is no camouflaging our 

overwhelming successes from otbei; more envious 

Companies who would jeopardize ah that we 
have achieved by depriving us of the managerial 
independence that has made it ah possible. 

Independence we believe to be well worth 
fighting for. 

stratPfrir rtlannfna Tn th * bet 4 aW w 


Th« h*iobt of fiiorh WKnnlrwv 

SDP comes out against 
ordering any new 
nuclear power stations 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
The Social Democratic Par- the disaster to allow members Conservative Government 

consider the 


ty declared its opposition 
yesterday to the ordering of 
new nuclear power stations. 

In an internal working party 
report completed since the 
Chernobyl nuclear disaster in 
May. ft said that there should 
be no new orders until the full 
causes and implications of the 
Russian- accident have been 
studied, a review that it says 
will-take several years. 

Meanwhile the demand, 
possibly in the early 1 990s. for 
new . ■ power plant capacity 
should, be met by coal-fir ed 
stations. It also said that the 
party had seen no evidence to 
justify the building of pressur- 
ized water reactors as pan of 
the Sizewel! B development 

The report, expected to be 
approved by the SDP annual , 
conference at Harrogate in 
September, marks a shift from 
the traditional position of 
support for nuclear power 
held by several senior former 
Labour members of the party, 
h also takes the SDP closer to 
the Liberal position of broad 
opposition to nuclear power. 

Bui it is dear that the 
Chernobyl accident had a 
strong influence on the work- 
ing party's findings. 

Sir Leslie Murphy, the 
chairman, postponed an im- 
portant drafting meeting due 
to have been held soon after 

morc time to 

Mr Ian Wrigglcsworth. SDP 
energy spokesman, made clear 
yesterday that the party was 
not ruling out nuclear power 
for the future, but saw no case 
for ordering nuclear stations 
at present. 

”Wc have responded to the 
fears that Chernobyl gave rise 
jo.” he said, "and have there- 
fore said that we must be more 
certain of our safety and other 
precautions and of the prob- 
lems of dumping being 

He agrirad that the SDP had 
moved “somewhat closer” to 
the Liberals' traditional oppo- 
sition to nuclear power gener- 

"We have not closed the 
door on ever building any 
nuclear power stations again.” 
he said. "We do not want to 
close the door forever. We are 
saying that the state of knowl- 
edge is not adequate to press 
ahead at present.” 

The report said that doubts 
about the safety of nuclear 
power which had existed for 
many years had been rein- 
forced by Chernobyl. 

"We do not believe these 
doubts can or should be put to 
rest by the simple assertions 
we have heard from the 

that ‘it could not happen 
here”*, it said. 

"That is a recipe for danger- 
ous complacency. Nor can 
they be avoided in the contra- 
dictory compromises the La- 
bour Party has patched up to 
uy and bridge its internal 
divisions on this issue.” 

It recorn meded that existing 
nuclear power stations should 
be maintained, provided that 
they arc not obsolete, and 
those under construction 
should be completed, provid- 
ed they satisfy the highest 
safety standards. 

ft proposed that research on 
the fast breeder reactor should 
be continued, but says that the 
safety reviews of Magnox 
stations must be accelerated. 

The report added: “We 
recognize that our position 
will suit neither those who 
wish to sec nuclear power 
abandoned altogether nor 
those who wish for a whole- 
hearted commitment to a 
nuclear future. 

"In our view, neither of 
these positions would be re- 
sponsible or prudent for a 
government to 3dopL Clearly 
there must now be a pause for 
thought and reflection. A 
more serious search for ways 
to reduce our nuclear depen- 
dence must be sought.” 

Sea urchins ‘ashtray trade’ 

Thousands of sea urchins 
are being caught off British 
coasts and sold as ornaments 
or turned into ashtrays and 
lamp stands, the Marine Con- 
servation Society said yester- 
day (our Environment Cor- 
respondent writes). 

Mr Paul Horsman, conser- 
vation officer with die society, 
said: “You are talkmg about 
50p Jar each sea urchin and 
the removal of thousands from 
each area**. Amateur divers 

are to be asked this summer to 
search urchin-rich parts of the 
seabed to see if supplies are 
suffering from the trade. Sea 
urchins are dose relatives of 
starfish; they {^ow in spiny 
hump-backed shells and crawl 
across the seabed. 

Mr Horsman said that, as 
well as being sold as orna- 
ments, there was a growing 
export of sea urchins to conn- 
tries such as France where the 
roes were a delicacy . "There is 

also a trade in shells used as 

Sea urchins were not pro- 
tected by law and were docile 
creatures which could be 
caught easily while grazing. 

Mr Christopher Lumnb, a 
marine biologist with the Na- 
ture Conservancy Connell, the 
Government's wildlife watch- 
dog, stud it had supported 
research by scientists because 
so little was known about the 
lives of sea urchins. 


Ricky Simmouds, who plays Ant in the Grange Hill television series, with Joanna, a red- 
kneed bird-eating tarantula spider he met on a visit to London zoo, which began a Creepy 
Crawly week promotion yesterday (Photograph: Leslie Lee). 

Inquiry on 
fire gets 
under way 

A board of inquiry began 
hearing evidence at Portland 
naval base in Dorset yesterday 
into a boiler room fire on 
board the frigate HM5 Plym- 
outh in which a seaman died. 

The frigate was still out of 
action and engineers were 
assessing the damage. 

Among the witnesses to be 
interviewed are 1 1 ratings who 
have returned to the ship after 
being sent to hospital with 

Two members of the crew 
are still in hospital; one of 
them, who is being treated for 
smoke inhalation, is "very 
poorly but stable”. The other 
is being treated for burns. 

An officer at Portland said 
that it was too early to say 
whether the 2.800-ton frigate 
was able to sail under her own 
steam; in the meantime, exer- 
cises planned for her in the 
Channel this week had been 

Tax threat 
to troubled 

Middlesbo rough 


Club cleared theTirst hurdle to 
save itself from extinction in 
the High Court yesterday. But 
soon after Mr Justice Hoff- 
mann was told they had come 
to a "satisfactory arrange- 
ment” over a half million 
pound debt which could have 
led to them being wound up, 
they faced a new threat from 
the taxman. 

The Inland Revenue, which 
claims it is owed £ 1 1 5.1 16 by 
the financially troubled club, 
reported to be £1.8 million in 
debt, was given leave to seek a 
winding up order on Wednes- 

The judge dismissed the 
petition by a Mr Alfred Duf- 
field. who was owed £500.000 
by the dub. and substituted 
the Inland Revenue, whose 
case is to be heard as a matter 
of urgency. The club called in 
a provisional liquidator early 
this year. 

The telephone war: 2 

BT set for a fight over international markets 

British Telecom and Mercu- 
ry are battling for share in a 
telephone market which is 
becoming increasingly com- 
petitive and price sensitive. 
Concluding a two-part article 
Bill Johnstone, Technology 
Correspondent, examines the 
preparations being made by 
each side to offer sophisticated 
international telephone 

British Telecom is making a 
firm stand against the threat 
posed by cheaper rates from 
its rival Mercury and says h 
will not be stampeded into a 
damaging price war. 

"But neither will we sit Idly 
by in a competitive sitnatkm 
which, left untouched, would 
erode our position in the large 
business sector of our 
markets,” Sir George Jeffer- 
son, chairman of British 
Telecom, wants. 

Next week Mercury will 

begin a local service in 

Within a year that service, 
which offers 25 per cent 
discount to those British 
Telecom customers who de- 
fect; will be offered to most of 
the major cities in Britain. 

Mercury will also heavily 
discount its international ser- 
vice as it attempts to erode 
British Telecom's market 

On the lace of it. Mercury is 
not in the same league as 
British Telecom. Its £200 mil- 
lion network investment pales 
beside the £2 billion invested 
by British Telecom in its 
network last year. 

However, British Telecom 
cannot afford to ignore the 

The international traffic 
provides British Telecom with 
20 per cent of its profit and 
substantial potential for 
growth. British Telecom is 

therefore investing heavily in 
these international links. 

Cable & Wireless, the par- 
ent of Mercury, is equally 
ambitious overseas and is 
rapidly expanding, now having 
a presence in nearly every 

These international connec- 
tions will be used to enhance 
the service offered British 
subscribers to the Mercury 
service. The Mercury v British 
Telecom battle will therefore 
not be confined to home. 

Recently concluded agree- 
ments of Cable St Wireless and 
Mercury confirm that ambi- 
tion. In partnership with C 
lloh. the Japanese trading 
group. Cable & Wireless is 
investigating the creation of a 
new telephone company in 

The British company has 
already concluded a deal with 
one of the Bell companies to 
operate a transatlantic cable. 

Together the deals provide 
Cable & Wireless with a 
substantial international 

Mercury, for its part, has 
just concluded a deal with 
American Telegraph and Tele- 
phone, the United State's 
largest telephone company, to 
link telephone traffic across 
tire Atlantic. 

The British company has 
also concluded a deal with the 
computer company IBM (UK)* 
the London Stock Exchange 
and the data experts Electron- 
ic Data Systems for trials to 
begin on a satellite service for 
the transfer of business data. 

The trials will begin in 
August and lead to a launch 
early next year. If successful, 
the service would be expanded 
into western Europe. 

British Telecom, too, has 
been strengthening its interna- 
tional links. In May an agree- 
ment was signed in Paris for 

the construction of a new 
optical fibre transatlantic ca- 
ble. The cable, which will be in 
service by 1991, will connect 
Britain, France and Spain to 
north America. 

Hie battle lines are being 
drawn and could result in 
telephone prices becoming 
even cheaper. 

How bloody the fight be- 
tween British Telecom and 
Mercury will become has yet 
to be determined. Says Sir 
George Jefferson: "We are, of 
course, concerned at the possi- 
ble impact of Mercnry offering 
high discounts on our pub- 
lished tariffs. If their basic 
margins are as high as 
rumoured in the press, one 
may wonder why and for how 
long it can be justified.” 

The consumer response to 
the price war will undoubtedly 
give him his answer. 



Safety review of 
open crossings 


Following the collision between 
a train and a car which killed a 
total of nine people on Humber- 
side on Saturday, no more 
automatic unmanned level 
crossings will be approved in 
Britain until their safety record 
has been re-examined. 

This was announced by the 
Earl of Caithness. Under Sec- 
retary of State for Transport, in 
a statement about the crash at 
an unmanned, sateless crossing 
to the House of Lords in which 
he said: Automatic crossings are 
generally much safer than 
manned crossings the said). 
This particular type was recom- 
mended' bv an expert working 
party in 1978. But there have 
been two previous accidents 
causing fatalities on this type of 
crossing in the Iasi two months. 

The Chief Inspecting Officer 
of Railways has told the Sec- 
retary of State for Transport that 
he will not recommend ap- 
proval of further automatic 
open crossings. . pending a re- 
examination of their safety 

Lord Underbill, from the Oppo- 
sition front bench, said he 
hoped that inquiries would take 
into account what he under- 
stood were strong local opinions 
about the unmanned crossing. 

Apparently the crossing, at 
Lockington. near Beverley, was 
made unmanned, despite local 
opposition, as a condition for 
the continuance of the rail 
service locally. 

It was an open question 
whether such crossings were 
safer than manned crossings. 

Wc know the said) that 
economically they are of benefit 
io British Rail — saving them 

some £l 1 million in wages. 

■ He wanted to know why all 
■'four coaches of the train had 
become derailed. 

Lord Harris of Greenwich (SDP) 
said it had been suggested that 
the casualty figures were so high 
because the light passenger coa- 
ch had been at the front of the 
train. A previous Transport 
Department inquiry had sug- 
gested that it was safer to have 
the heavy power unit at the front 
pulling the coaches, rather than 
at the back, pushing them. 

What would happen in cases 
where British Rail had already 
approved installation of an un- 
manned crossing and where the 
changeover was likely in the 
next year? 

The Earl of Caithness said 
decisions whether to proceed 
with unmanned crossings for 
which approval had been given 
prior to the accident would be a 
matter for British RaiL 

As for the point about the 
light coach being at the front of 
the crash-train, it would be 
inappropriate for him to 

Lady Masham of II ton (Ind) 
asked how many crossings of 
this type there were in the 
country and what advice the 
Minister would give to motor- 
ists using them. 

The Earl of Caithness said there 
were 42 such crossings in use. 
His advice would be for drivers 
to watch the lights extremely 
carefully and to stop if they were 
flashing and not try to brat the 
train. Similarly', with the half- 
barrier crossing motorists 
should not try to weave between 
the barriers. 

The Government is con- 
cerned (he said) that motorists 
should not be alarmed by what 
can be perfectly safe crossings if 
treated properly. 

Haringey homosexual 
lessons deplored 


London borough council's 
ns for compulsory school 
sons tn promote "positive 
iges" of homosexuality looked 
jretty horrific", the Earl of 
inion. Deputy Chief 
renunenf Whip, said in the 
rds. . 

le said the Secretary - of Slate 
Education. Mr Kenneth 
ier. was making inquiries to 
ibllsh the facts and discover 
r the authority proposed to 
sue their policy statement. 

"he Earl of Swinion told Lord 
nson (Ind* The Government 
■Id certainly deplore any 
empt to encourage 
losexual behaviour among 
sol pupils. 

d Monson said the plan was 
•he the lessons in "“"wry. 
nary and secondary schools 
be borough. _ 

lost of us (he said) ffoiud 
■ less what adults do in the 
acy of their homes and most 
b are proud that it was tlsis 
tse which took the lead hi 
ting to reform the draconian 
* on male homosexuality, 
this is a different matter 
ro small children are 
Krtrinated with the idea that 
losexuality is ewty bit as 
seworthy and desirable as 
trosexuality. _ Such 
ictri nation Is definitely not 
t most parents want for their 

reports of the council proposals 
were causing grave disturbance 
throughout the country. 

Lord ElwynOones, the former 
Lord Chancellor: Would parents 
who withdraw their children 
from these lessons really be 
liable to prosecution? 

The Earl of Swinton: It would be 
for the local education 
authorities and ultimately the 
courts to deride on individual 
action in the light of the 

Lord Mcllish (Lab) said he 
believed this was one of the 
barmy councils which did not 
Kke certain newspapers in hs 
libraries yet allowed Gay News 
in them. . ^ 

The Bishop of Sheffield (the Rt 
Rev David Luitn) said such 
matters which impinged on 
questions of- morality 
highlighted the wisdom of load 
education authorities having 
coopted representatives from the 
churches and other concerned 

Investment schemes 

Where the Financial Service Bill 
dealt with schemes widely 
available to the general public u 
should be easily understood but 
that was n ° l the case. Lord 
Williams of Elvel (Lab) said in 
the Lords during the resumed 
committee stage of the Bill- He 
opposed o clause defining the 
scope of collective investment 
scheme provisions, but it was 
was approved by 98 votes^to 71 - 




£1 today could mean 
upto£130.000 when your 
fcunflyneet j s it most 

Protect your family now -because you may never find a 
better chance than this. 

You may already be insured, but if you haven’t looked 
at your insurance in the last fewyearsyou may find your 
family under protected. You may even have insurance that’s 
about to run out. 

You may have protected your family against the 
money worries that could be caused by your own death . But 
what would happen if your ’loved one’ died -wou/d you be 

Whatever your needs, you’ll find this high value- low 
cost plan ideal. 

It gives you "term insurance", long recognized as 
giving more pure protection foryour money than any other 
kind. That's because the money you pay into your plan is 
used to provide maximum protection foryour family in the 
event of your untimely death. 

Special introductory offer. 

And. since it’s so easy to put off an important decision like 
this, we’ve made it especially easy to apply. You pay only £l 
for your first month's protection - and you apply direct 
through the post. 

Immediately your application is accepted, you're 
covered for up to £65.000- see the figures in our ready 

Easily afforded and still 
taxfree. ~ 

Now this remarkable plan is available from just 20p a day- 
and any money paid out is entirely tax free. 

What’s more, the total cover doesn't decrease from 
year to year as you get older.- it stays at the high rate shown 
against your age today for the full 10-year life of the policy. 
This gives you the unusually high protection listed in our 
ready reckoner (see right) -so good that we let you have 
your policy for examination over 28 days 

During that 28-day period you are fully protected, yet 
you may return the policy if you are able to find another 
company offering you better value for money -or indeed for 
any other reason at all. 

If you decide to keep it, you have theoption to convert' 
this 10-year plan to a longer one with savings included in it. 
or even a plan to repay your mortgage. 



Sun UleAwwawCocnp^rf Canada incotpotaietJ in Canada in WoSasd limned company 
A mutual company Mnce W62 Wrnwnaee assets ol ow £' M0 nullum 

Total security for all your 
fa mily from justjO p p er day. 

Sun Life of Canada would give your family double protection. 

Twice as much 
for accidental death. 

Many people, quite rightly, worry about what would happen 
if an accident took them away suddenly Without proper 
protection, how would theirfamilies cope? Sun Life of 
Canada would give your family doable protection - twice as 
much money when they need it most and that could mean 
up to £130.000. lust what you'd expect from a company that 
pays out overtwo million pounds a day in claims. 

Apply today! 

Check through the ready reckoner now, and see how little it 
costs to give your family the protection they deserve. 

















tool count 





£1 30,000 j | 




20-29 20-32 

£ 500 

£ 600 

£ 7.35 








IJ 50 








15 60 



















17 55 































































29 50 














































Normally there's no medical, lust fill in the coupon below 
and tick the plan you have chosen. 

Then, just send It to us with a cheque for£l, no 
matter how much insurance yon want That gives you 
one month's protection, as soon as we accept your 

Don’t forget to tick the box in the coupon if you want 
an application form foryourwifeor husband If you have any 
queries, telephone our hotline number 01-930 2976 and 
speak to Sally Dexter or Melinda Smith. 

Post your application to Sun Life of Canada. Dept DM. 
FREEPOST. Lonaon SW1Y 5YX. There’s no need fora stamp. 


seaidnr thuUKem, 



please send me. without obligation, a policy for theconvertible term assu ranee plan I have selected which will be 
'i mine to examine for 28 days. 1 enclose £1 for my first month's cover and understand that no salesman will call 






Do you have a bank dunum account'* 

I Are there am risks or special dangers e onnecied with your 
occupation, hobbies sponsor pastimes 1 







PLAN Tick Box A Q BQCQ D □ E □ A1270A1 
Make yourcbeque for £ I payable to Sun Life of Canada. 

Please do not send cash. 


2 Hawyouwef undeteoneanyhospnalinvcsticaiK-HioroperaDo 11 I ~| ( j 

other than loiiemcwalol wisdom teeth ronsi'sorappendu? I 1 1 1 

? Haveyou during the Last five years received any medical advice i 1 i i 

treatment or prescri pi ion from a doctor other than I orculit.’ I L I 

4 AievoucunimitywperienitnganysvmpiomswhiLhmighi , j jf | 

suggesr that you are not in geophysical and rnimial condition i _l L .1 

Q Meay? nek here it you do not smote 

II your answer is Yes ro any question in mWt can*, w hope lobe able to givi: 
you lh<? benefit ol ttw itims as shown in I he rate fable Pkuwgn 1 on 
a separate sheet ot paper icgei her with the name and address ,« j* ur pic-em 
lixtoi Then sign and dale the sheet You should still s*.idusyoui£ Moryoui 
hist month sewer 

Sun I .fa A mi n m T I wnun nl I «o*l* IfcrrpWHTd ui l JMdj-oUknj.ibMrfta.i 

I AC REE that this application together with any additional declaration made by 
me m conneciton herewith shall be the basis ot the assu ranee and that failure by 
me ic disclose all (acts known to me and sought by the Company may lead loa 
claim under any result mg policy being adiustedor rejected 

I CONSENT ro the Company seeking medical information from any doctor who 
at any lime has attended me concerning anything which alfecis my physical and 
mental health or seeking inhumation hewn any insurance office ro which a 
proposal has been made tor insurance, on my file and l authorise the giving of 
such information 

I DECLARE that all statements made by me in this appl ication are true and 

complete to the best ol my belief that I have disclosed all lacts known ro me and 

sought bythetompany.that premiums will be paid by me or my spouse and the 

payer of the piemiums will reside in the United Kingdom 

Tick this box il you would like an applKanon lorn foryour husband wife □ 



SuiUfeafCatadci i L 


Available only to people Innng in the United Kingdom 
B|<mv 14 Jt^xkap«iMiTO,l.«>do*SU1Y SBH 

:>.*'*• : 




COll MEl 

$m a 




scheme for a choice of periods which could save you 
; " as much as £30 a month. Take a look 

at the chart and see the savings you can 

make on the cost of credit. 

The award winning Montego. /I SISI 

“What Car?” magazine’s Best Family Saloon 
Car of the Year in both 1985 and 1986. 

“What Car?” Estate Car of the Year 1985. “Fleet lllte 
Facts” Fleet Car of the Year, 1985. SI 

The first saloon car ever to be selected by the 2H 
Design Council. J|| 

The Montego Easy Purchase Plan. m 

For a limited period, we are making the 
Montego range an even more attractive pro- S V; : 
position. With the introduction of a special low x? jjj 
cost finance scheme on all Montego saloons ft. jK 
and estates. ffcJB 

For example, buy a new Montego 1.6L for an 
initial 20% down (which you could probably cover 
with your part exchange) and Austin Rover can ^1 
arrange through Austin Rover Finance a low cost repayment 

F r Cash Price 


Amount of Credit 
Monthly Instalments 
Charge for Credit 
Tool Amount Payable 









36 MONTHS . 


4.6% PA 

11.0% PA 

5.7% PA 



(21 .7% APR)** 


(21-4% APR)** 



£7,245.24* . 

- £7.245.24* 








' £5.796.19 ■ 

£ 265.72 


£ 18833 

£ 214.13 

£ 5SS.09 


£ 99039 





■ ' ■ ■■ 

£9,15773.-- ? 



2 YEARS £74164 

S YEARS £9ZL60 ; 



£100m assistance deal 
sought for Bradford 
through EEC scheme 

The first attempt to desig- 
nate a British inner city as an 
integrated operations area un- 
der a new EEC aid scheme is 
being made on behalf of 

It will be based on a report, 
issued yesterday, that says 
£100 million needs to be 
invested in a five-year pro- 
gramme for tbe city. 

The report, commissioned 
by Bradford council and the 
European Commission, says 
the investment would create 
up to 5,500 jobs and generate a 
further £200 million of private 
in vest mem. 

But the report said that 
unemployment in Bradford, 
already approaching 15 per 
cent, would soar, if the at- 
tempt at designation failed. 

Yesterday, local political 
leaders who launched the 335- 
pagc document said that un- 
less the city is designated 
under the new EEC scheme 
the future remained bleak. 

Mr Gerry Sutcliffe, Labour 
deputy leader of the council, 
said; “The tragedy will be if 
this whole thing comes to 
nothing because we will still 
have the problems in 

Mr Ronnie Farley. Conser- 
vative opposition leader, add- 
ed; “The report talks about 
being a lifeline, but in many 

By Peter Davenport 

ways it is a lifebelt that will 
enable us to stay afloat and 
stop the city going further 

“Bui even if we get the 
designation, wc will still have 
tremendous problems, partic- 
ularly in job creation.” 

Bradford is the first inner- 
city area in the UK to produce 
an application although 
Merseyside, Humberside and 
Strathclyde are also trying for 

Yesterday's report, based on 
an eight-month study which 
cost £120.000. will now go to 
the Government and to 

The Government must give 
its backing to the application 
for the European Commission 
to consider it. A decision is 
not expected from Brussels 
before the end of the year. 

The £100 million allocated 
under the scheme would be 
made up of £39 million from 
the city council, £4 million 
from the private sector, £53 
million from the EEC. and 
£4.7 million from Whitehall. 

The funds would be spent 
on the modernization of local 
industry to create new jobs in 
technology sectors, the devel- 
opment of Bradford as an 
entertainment centre, im- 
provement of the environ- 

Church protest on 
South Africa funds 

men i and extending the 
transport system. 

• The Development Board 
for Rural Wales, which spent 
more than £8 million last year 
and helped to create 2,000 
jobs, is disappointed by pri- 
vate sector investment in mid 

Mr Leslie Morgan, the 
board chairman, says in its 
annual report, published yes- 
terday: “Encouraging new 
firms to set up ana grow in 
mid Wales brings problems. 
These companies arc now ex- 
panding at a rate which makes 
it difficult to cope with growing 
factory needs and more pri- 
vate investment is needed. 

“It is disappointing that 
with the exception of specula- 
tive housing and retail pre- 
mises the private sector shows 
very little interest in or inten- 
tion of investing in new build- 
ings in areas such as mid 

The board's experimental 
helicopter service between 
mid Wales and Birmingham 
and CardifT had produced 
mixed results. 

Dr Skewis said that it had 
not been successful in terms of 
passengers carried on a com- 
mercial basis, “but it showed 
that there is considerable in- 
terest in using helicopters on 
an ad hoc basis." he said. 

Phone tap 
court case 

The Campaign for Nuclear 
Disarmament launched a 
High Court challenge yester- 
day to the Government's pow- 
ers to lap the phones of hs 
members. The action comes 
after allegations on Channel 4 
that tbe phone of the CND 
vice-president, Mr John Cox, 
had been tapped by MI5 with 
Home Office appro vaL 
With the former CND 
chairman. Mrs Joan Ruddock, 
and the former general secre- 
tary* Monsignor Brace Kent, 
be is challenging the legality 
of the decision by Mr Leon 
Brittan, the former Home 
Secretary, in August 1983 to 
issue a warrant approving the 

His counsel, Mr Stephen 
Sedley. QG said: “The es- 
sence of our case is that John 
Cox's telephone was improp- 
erly tapped by MI5." 

He added: “Further, our ev- 
idence points very cogently in- 
deed to the fact that informa- 
tion was assembled by the se- 
curity services for political and 
not security purposes and 
indeed was made available to 
the Secretary of State for De- 
fence and used for party polit- 
ical purposes." 

CND rlalimi that the deci- 
sion to allow tbe interception 
or monitoring of members' 
calls was unlawful and outside 
the minister's powers and they 
are seeking an order quashing 
the warrant or its renewaL 
The hearing continues. 

Mrs Joan Ruddock arriving at the High Court in London 
yesterday for the start of the CND court case challenging the 
legality of alleged phone ta pping of it s officials. 

New move 
to cancel 
bus pass 
for girl 

Essex County Council yes- 
terday asked the House of 
Lords to ovenum a ruling that 
it must provide free transport 
for a gj rl whose route to school 
involved her walking along a 
lonely track. 

In February last year, the 
High Court upheld the stand 
taken by Peter and Violet 
Rogers, of Hall Cottages. 
Church Road, Copford, Essex, 
who kepi their daughter. Shir- 
ley. then aged 13. at home 
after she had been refused a 
free bus pass. 

The “nearest available" 
route for the girl, now aged 1 5. 
to Stanway Comprehensive 
School, was 106 yards short of 
the qualifying three-mile 
minimum for free travel 
Her parents were convicted 
by Colchester magistrates un- 
der the Education Act, 1944, 
of failing to send her to school, 
and their conviction was up- 
held by Chelmsford Crown 
Court. But the Queen's Bench 
Divisional Court allowed 
their appeal and directed the 
crown court to acquit. 

Yesterday Mr Conrad 
Dehn. QC, for Essex County 
Council, told a committee of 
five law lords, headed by Lord 
Bridge Of Harwich, that if the 
parents' victory were upheld, 
it would “fundamentally alter 
the law" as it has been applied 
for 30 years. 

The hearing is scheduled to 
finish today. No decision is 
expected until October. 

MP ‘could 
not afford 
to pay his 

A Labour MP who is a fierce 
critic of unemployment, yes- 
terday told an industrial tribu- 
nal how he was forced 
finanically to dismiss his 

Mr Bob Clay. MP for Sun- 
derland North, told the hear- 
ing in Newcastle upon Tyne 
that he could not afford to 
keep both his full-time assis- 
tants in work. 

Therefore he had to dismiss 
Mrs Deborah Shields, his 
secretary for more than two 

The tribunal was told that 
Mrs Shields lost her job 
because she often refused to 
accompany Mr Clay on trips 
to London for parliamentary 

Mr Clay, aged 39. said he 
paid £6.000 a year from his 
own salary of£!7.000 towards 
the wages of Mrs Shields and 
Mr Peter McGecvcr. his re- 
search assistant, but it was still 
not enough to cut costs, even 
after he moved his office into 
the local Labour dub. 

Mr Gay. of Park Parade. 
Roker. Sunderland, said; 
“Mrs Shields knew 1 was 
finding it difficult to make 
ends meet and I needed a 
secretary in London. The only 
solution was to sack one of my 
employees in Sunderland." 

Mrs Shields, of Drvden 
Street. Southwick. Sunder- 
land. claims unfair dismissal 
in February. The bearing 



By CKfford Loneley 
Religious Affairs 

The Church of England's 
continued holding of financial 
investments in South Africa is 
“almost blasphemy" and a 
“sin against the Holy Spirit", 
according to opponents of 
church investment policy who 
intend to protest outside the 
Church Commissioners' office - 
in London today. 

They plan to hold a public 
“vigil of prayer” for 12 hours 
to draw attention to the 
Church Commissioners' re- 
fusal to sell shares in compa- 
nies trading in South Africa. 
The Rev David Has lam, sec- 
retary of a group called 
ELTSA (End Loans to South 
Africa), accused the Church of 
England of “living in sin" by 
its investment policy. 

The protest marks the frus- 

tration of a group of cam- 
paigners who nave been critic- 
ising the Church Commission- 
ers in these respects for more 
than a decade. 

The Commissioners recent- ! 
ly supported a demand in the 
General Synod of the Church 
of England for effective eco- 
nomic sanctions against South 
Africa, but have repeatedly in- 
sisted that their own financial 
involvement is mmimaL 

In their most recent defence 
of their policy, the Commis- 
sioners said their sole remain- 
ing financial links with South 
Afnca are through large Brit- 
ish companies with relatively 
small offshoots there: To with- 
draw from all such companies 
would significantly affect their 
income, and might be con- 
trary -to the Commissioners' 
duty in taw. 

>>*• . ' V; 

*!* l 

< e . } > . ■ *,<§/' < >,*> ' jt , Y 

w kite iL,. 

$ v*. v- ;«► >1 .. <• >1 y>V,. : M A* i 

There are occasions when to 
mod trouble is a political 
riumph. That was true of the 
oint meeting of liberal and 
foria) Democratic c andi d at e s 
m London on Saturday. 

There could so easily have 
teen a fracas after all the 
ecent arguments over Alti- 
ince policy on nodear defence. 

When David Owen pro- 
lahned that this country 
needs both a stronger Eur o- 
lean conventional deterrent 
nd a minimal Earopean- 
ased nuclear deterrent” there 
night well have been uncon- 
rollable anguish in some 
reasts, not all of them 

So there must have been a 
pod deal of relief ttatthere 
ns not a furious dispute 
etweeo Dr Owen and his 
ritics and that defence did not 
animate tbe day. 

Some of die parti ci p an ts 
ttributed this success to the 
ss confrontational manner in 
hich he presented his case 
uder questioning. 

The section on defence in 
le draft policy document, 
Urtmerskip for Progress, was 
teariy designed to be no more 
tan a bland h o ldi n g state- 
tent. Nobody, for the mo- 
ient, is wanting to pick a 
uarrel in public. 

But there is no reason to 
slieve that Dr Owen has in 
iy way modified his belief 
tat it will be necessary, in dne 
torse, to have a replacement 
r Polaris: 

The idea now is for the two 
aders to travel around west- 
n Europe to see if this 
placement can be dressed up 
European clothes. 

That might make a modern- 
sd nuclear deterrent more 
cepiable to Liberal sensitiv- 
es, and therefore to those 
icial Democrats who are 
•ncemed to accommodate 
beral feelings on this issue. 
Otherwise the dispute with- 
the Alliance will have been 
> more than postponed, be- 
use David Owen cannot 
rord to compromise bis firm 
md on the principle of a 
ptinued nuclear deterrent, 
tether purely British or Eu- 
ru»an without dnmainne his. 

own credibility. 

This question is critical to 
the hopes which David Steel 
expressed a fortnight ago, for 
a union between the two 
. parties after the election. Such 
a move would just not be 
feasible if tbe differences on 
policy were too great, especial- 
ly if those differences were 
such as to force one of tbe 
parties to conclude that it was 
not tbe same kind of political 
animal as tbe otter. 

Bat there should he ho 
Illusions about the political 
consequences if one is forced 
to that conclusion. The only 
way for Liberals ami Social 
Democrats to maximize their 
political influence is to pro- 
ceed at whatever pace is 
practicable to some kind of 
union - whether that is known 
as merger, federation or 

On their own both of them 
would be doomed to be ineffec- 
tuaL It is for that reason that I 
am sceptical about the talk of 
either the SDP or the Liberals 
doing a separate deal in a hung 

Regrouping not 
the solution 

The Social Democrats 
would, indeed, probably find it 
easier to come to terms with 
the Conservatives, and the 
Liberals with Labour. But this 
would not make political sense 
for either Alliance party. 

The SDP in particular, as 
the party with the shorter 
history, the more shallow 
roots and the smaller mass 
membership, would be likely 
to be gobbled up if it went into 
partnership alone with one of 
the larger parties. 

Any Social Democrat who 
imagines otherwise should 
ponder the history of the 
National Liberals, those Lib- 
erals who stayed in the Na- 
tional Government after it 
adopted protectionist trade 
policies in 1932 and then 
became indistin gu ishable from 

If there is to be much of a 
political future for either tbe 
Social Democrats or the Liber- 
als it most be together. As so 
often in the history of the 
Alliance, it is hard to fanh Mr 
Steel's political logic. 

He has pointed to where the 
Alliance's political interest 
lies. . _ 

This does not mean that Dr 

Owen has been wrong to make 
his stand. It would not even be 
good politics in the long run 
for a political leader to reverse 
his position on an important 
national issue for the sake of 
partisan calculation. 

But if Dr Owen does find 
that the only way to be true to 

Social Democratic convictions 
is for ever to keep the SDP at a 

distance from the Libera ls, 
then there can be no future for 

Hut ARiaMM 


Hill' 1 

fesl I m li -4s I m • . mMmmM 



• f ' T 

it '&M 

8 > j§| 




At 3 .5 to 5 tonnes GVW only one van and chassis cab range is 
powered by a direct injection turbocharged diesel; the Dl TurboDalfy 


Direct infection makes the Di TurboDaJly one of the most 
economical vehicles of Its type in the world. 

Turbocharging dramatically Improves driveability by increasing 
power by 28% to 92 hp. and raising torque by 47% to a massive 

At 70 mph, the Di TurboDally engine revs significantly slower 
than Its standard competitors giving unrivalled economy; reliability 
and engine life. 


The underlying strength of the Dally b Its unique chassis. Steel 

C-section longitudinals con nected by riveted cross mem bers give the 
Daily the built-in strength to take any kind of body equipment from a 
box to a tipper, from a Luton to our own factory built high roof van. 


The Di TurboDaily has a quiet car-like interior and to quote 
Com merdaf Motor*. ‘Is just about the easiest light commercial to 
drive on the market’. 

They also had this to say about (VECO’S own aerodynamic 
pack for box bodied Daitys, ‘the Drag Foiler provided a foe! saving of 


Whichever way you drive the Di TurboDaily, the competition 
can’t match ft. 

When driven in convoy behind the Mercedes 307D and 
VW LT31D,all laden at 3.5 tonnes, the DiTurboDaily proved 
significantly more economical than both of them. 

When we tested it over Commercial Motort 210 mile Welsh 
Route, at an average speed of 52mph, it returned 24.8 mpg. 


The most impressive thing about the TurboDaily has to be It's 
acceleration. .. remarkable forabox van! in fact it was so rapid we 

began to wonder if it was folly laden. The only ocher 3.5 conners 
tested by us that came anywhere near it are petrol-engined models 
such as the Mercedes 310 and Renault Master P35. ,: fc 


Whichever way you drive the Di TurboDaily according to 
Commercial Motor, ‘The Iveco 35.10 b still a vehlde that will take a 
great deal of catching. 

To experience DiTurboDaily power at 3.5, 4.5 and 5 tonnes 
GVW call EricBudworthon0606 593400 or your nearest 
IVECO deafen 

* Commercial Motor 10 May issue. 

PI TurboDaily 

Nothing can match it or catch h. 

IVECO’S NATIONWIDE DEALER NETWORK. ENGLAND ABINGDON (0865) 739034* ALDERSHOT (0252) 23456 * ANDOVER (0264) 66425 * BARNSTAPLE (0271) 76658 * BEDFORD (0234) 856161 * BEDUNGTQN a 
(0670) ra^^BICKTERSra 4^7T* SaSbuFW^ ( 0254) W8003 * OtfSwDGE (022M M3015* CASTIE DONINGTON (0332) 811736 * COVENTRY (0203) 302020 * GREENWICH (01) BS3 0144 * IPSWICH \ 
0473 2160*7 * KENMLl WS& 290967 * lEEDSfOSlSI 538511 * LE^S^SM) M^2 * LWDON (01) 205 0092 & 874 3251 * MANCHESTER (061) 707 2266 ft 681 9931 * MERSEYSIDE (0744) 34343 * NEWBURY J 
(0635) 44103 * NOTTINGHAM (0602) 285131 * PENRITH (0768) 64341 * PETERBOROUGH (0733) 240627 * PRESTON (0772) 34006* RAJ N HAM (04027) 22512* REDRUTH (0209) 712985* SCARBOROUGH (0723) 351970 . 
MJNTT4CWE (0^4)^2*^HpHEl^(0W2)6Wl 66* SniTNGBOURNE (07^)27241 * SOUTHAMPTON (0703)477125* STOCKPORT (061) 494 5308* STOCKTON-ONTEES (0642) 782871 * SWINDON (0793) 642641 [ 
TYNESIDE (091) 41063TI UXBRIDGE (0895) 57841 * WALSALL (0922) 27291 * W1CKFORD (03744) 61129 * WORCESTER (0905) 820377 * WORTHING (0903) 206553* WYMONDHAM (0953) 605031 * YEOVIL (0935) 29111 [ 
SCCTTLAND EDINBURGH (031) 5541571 * FIFE (059^ 201555 * FORFAR (030782) 255 * GLASGOW (041) 641 6172 * GRANGEMOUTH (0324) 472897 * KILMARNOCK (0563) 830212 * K1NTORE (0467) 32488 1 

IVECO International Truck Technology 

Iveco (UK) Ltd, Iveco House, Road One, Wlnsford, Cheshire CW7 3QRTel: 0606 593400. Telex: 669022. 


, **••?*- *V. ;•♦*:' 


'V* *i tV u *•>'.:• ._ 


!*' 6 --V • , aV 

BS*- *•*'• -wa 

' This September, the TSB Group share offer is 
going ahead. So if you like the idea of owning a 
bank, your chance has come. 

The TSB Group would like as many people as 
possible to think about buying their shares. 

It's not a privatisation: the Government won't 
get a penny. The proceeds will be used to develop 
the TSB and its wide range of services. 

The TSB has already developed from a single 
strongbox in Dumfriesshire into a major financial 
services group, with nearly 1,600 branches in all 
parts of Britain. 



» . 

» + I 

[ JL 

K * i m 

•. ' ■( **T’ 

How many shares can you buy? How much will 
they cost? 

Make sure you find out by registering with the 
TSB Group Share Information Office. 

‘You'll receive information about the TSB and 
about buying and selling shares. You’ll be sent a 
prospectus and application form as soon as they’re 
published. And you’ll be under no obligation. 

Send in the coupon now, call at any TSB branch 
or phone 0272 300 300. 

lb: TSB Group Share Informatioh Office, PO Bdz33'Or " ’ 
Bristol, BS99 TTT Please send me, without obligation, • ~ 
information abouttheTSB Group Share Met 

«R«Nfiniiif a irMiuir»» 

Name ..„.,., n ..„, v ,; H „, iail „ l „ na ^ 


............... .... .... ... ...... ......... .... ...... • ,V 

Now itfs your turn to say yes. 

Bast Code 

Tc CTmrf i T T..wi B m.w ft04 T.nnitari. thmuafa the 1SB Group Share Infarmation Office, mbelialfo? the Thiaaa Savings Banks Central Board 

If you hoid ah account with a r~] 

TSB bank please tick the box. - t 2 

1 9¥* H5 


L P'raR *U)ta 



Car bomb kills 25 as Beirut fighting flares 

From Juan Carlos Gnnmdo 

A car bomb exploded on a 
busy street of Christian east 
Beirut yesterday killing ai 
jf 351 25 people m a storm of 

me and shattered metal, bouts 

a sudden outbreak of 
TOI along the green tine 
dividing, the Lebanese capilaL 
Christian radio stations 
140 people were wounded by 
the explosion, which occurred 
at the height of the morning 
rush hour in the En 
Rummaneh neighborhood. 

Police at the scene said they 
believed the car, a white 
Mercedes Benz, was rigged 
with 440 lb of explosives. 

. The blast set several build* 
tags on fire and destroyed 
dozens of shops and cars in 
die narrow Wadih Naim 
Street, where rescue teams 
searched for victims under 
huge clouds of smoke. 

As firemen battled a chain 
of Mazes, electricity service 
ra mec h anical arms joined in 
to rescue screaming civilians 
trapped on rooftops, balconies 
and terraces. 

In the havoc below, people 
cried out names of relatives 
and friends, while ambulances 
rushed the wounded to hospi- 
tal, preceded by militiamen 
firing in the air. 

It was the worst car bomb in 
Beirut this year and, as usual 
in Lebanon, no group claimed 
responsibility for it. 

Most of the attacks have 
taken place in the Christian 
sector of the capital, where 
more than 60 people have 
been killed by car bombs. 

Christian politicians have 
m the past blamed Syrian 
agents for the car bombings. 

The accusations, denied by 
Syria, say die attacks are part 
or a campaign to put pressure 
on President GemayeL who 
has infuriated the Syrians by 
rejecting a Damascus-spon- 
sored peace plan to end the 
Lebanese civil war. 

The explosion in Ein 
Rummaneh came hours after 
Christian and Muslim militias 
fought artillery and rocket 
battles along the green line for 
the first time in weeks, illus- 
trating the dangers behind the 
current political deadlock. 

Four people were killed and 
37 others wounded during the 
fighting, which erupted near 
Beirut's dosed port and rapid- 
ly extended to other fronts. 

The outbreak of sectarian 
violence was the first since 
Syria deployed about 500 
troops ana plainclothes intelli- 
gence agents in the mainly 
Muslim western sector of the 
capital on July 4, to help the 
Lebanese Army to restore 
order after two years of chaos. 

tick smoke covering a Beirut street (above) as cars and buildings g*teh Ore moments after die car bomb ex- 
plosion which killed at least 25 people. A soldier (right) carries an old lady towards an ambulance. 

Jenco prays for hostages left behind 

From Frank Johnson 

The Rev Lawrence Jenco, 
held hostage by Islamic Jihad 
extremists for 19 months in 
Lebanon, told his family yes- 
terday that at various times 
during his captivity he had 
been chained to a wall, held in 
dark, hot rooms and allowed to 
wear only underclothes to 
prevent his escaping. 

He was always blindfolded 
when in tire presence of Urs 
captors who, so far as be could 
f edge, numbered about four. 

These conditions applied to 
the other three Americans 
with whom he was in captivity, 
and who are still being held. 

Yesterday, surrounded by 
tire 10 members of his family 
who bad been flown in from 
tire Chicago area, including 
three brothers and three sis- 
ters, Father Jenco, aged 51, 
appeared briefly on a balcony 
at tire US Air Force nwrfifal 
centre here. 

He had been flown to West 
Germany in a USAF hospital 
aircraft from Damascus mi 
Sunday, after being released 
by the extremists on Saturday. 

Answering questions shout- ' 
ed up to tire balcony. Father 
Jenco said the day was for him 
a dream come true- But he 
hoped to come back to the 
same balcony when the other 
three Americans were freed. 

“Pray God that those men 
will come here as 1 have. It 
should also not be forgotten 

there are French people 

who are hostages, and Irish, 
and Koreans, and Lebanese, 
and others." 

The Jenco family Is of 
Slovak aHcestry. Father 
Jenco's nephew, Mr Andrew 
MaheUch, said bis ancle haul 
no hate for his captors. 

The family arrived here at 
breakfast time yesterday and 
spent the morning with Father 
Jenco. They brought his 
favourite snack, popcorn, and 
a small bottle of gin because he 
lUm martinis. 

Although in good spirits, be 
was obviously too frail to face 
journalists' questions at any 
length. There is a possibility, 
however, that within a few 
days he wfll be strong enough 
to fly to Rome for an audience 
with the Pope, and later to 
Britain for a meeting with tire 
Archbishop of Canterimry. 

Mr Terry Waiter the 
Archbishop's special envoy, 
who appears to have helped in 
sectoring his release, was with 
Father Jenco on the balcony. 

Since arriving in Wiesbaden 
on the same aircraft as Father 
Jenco, Mr Waite has been 
guarded about his part in the 
release, and said he was 
unable at present to speak to 

Father Jenco’s brother, Mr 
John Jenco, aged 52, a bank 
clerk in Joliet, near Chicago, 
said the captors seemed to 
have treated all tire hostages 
“with respect” and had not 
beaten or tortured them. 

But the conditions seemed to 
have been difficult. Until July 
last year, they had been 
chained by one foot to a wall, 
able to move only about three 
feet Their place of captivity 
was changed several times, bat 
tire rooms were very similar - 
small, dark and hot — and it 
was impossible to know geo- 
graphically where they were. 

His captors gave Father 
Jenco a Bible, but there were 
no newspapers, and access to 
television, when there was one, 
was restricted. 

Their diet tended to be 
bread and cheese for break- 
fast, rice and beans at midday 
and bread and jam in the 

Most of tire time tire four 
captives were m the same room 
together. But Father Jenco 
was not held with another 
hostage, Mr William Buckley, 
political officer at the US 
Embassy in Beirut, who is 
feared to have been murdered. 

Mr John Jenco said it 
seems that his brother had 
been released because of his 
health. Before bring taken 
hostage be had had a heart 

condition. The captors seemed 
not to want to take responsibil- 
ity for him. 

He had gone to Lebanon 
originally to work for a Roman 
Catholic mission. 

His sister-in-law, Mrs Lois 
Jenco, said that on Saturday 
Father Jenco was taken from 
the place of captivity by car, 
blindfolded, told that he was to 
be released and given a little 
money. He was abandoned on 
a country road. 

“He walked for what he said 
seemed like an eternity,” she 
said. He saw several people on 
the road, but did not want to 
approach them for fear of 
being taken prisoner again. 
Eventually he found a Syrian 
police station, and finally was 
taken to the American Embas- 
sy in Damascus. 

The three other Americans 
with whom he was held, all 
kidnapped at different times, 
are: Mr Terry Anderson, bu- 
reau chief of tire Associated 
Press news agency; Mr David 
Jacobsen, director of tire 
American University Hospital 
la Beirut: and Mr Thomas 
Sutherland, dean of agricul- 
ture at tire American Uni- 

Islamic Jihad (Holy War) 
said last October that it had 
lulled Mr Bnckley because he 
was a spy. No body has been 

Egypt and Israel close 
to border agreement 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

After a flurry of messages 
between Cairo and Jerusalem 
in the past few days, senior 
Israeli and Egyptian negotia- 
tors resume talks today in 
Eilat on the Gulf of Aqaba. 

They are “very close” to an 
agreement, according to US 
officials accompanying Vice- 
President Bush. 

Mr Bush spent most of 
yesterday sightseeing and pos- 
ing for pictures against back- 
drops which could be useful if 
he tries to win the Republican 
nomination for the presidency 
in 1988. 

He also fitted in a meeting 
with the Soviet dissident. Mr 
Anatoly Shcharansky, before 
acting as host to Israeli leaders 
at dinner. 

American Middle East ex- 
perts were busy trying to 
smooth away the remaining 
difficulties that have prevent- 
ed Israel and Egypt from 
normalizing relations in the 
way outlined by the Camp 
David peace treaties. 

The .Americans would not 
confirm a story in yesterday's 
Jerusalem Past suggesting that 
an agreement could be signed 
in Cairo within the next 10 
days, involving a summit 
between Mr Shimon Peres, the 
Israeli Prime Minister, and 

President Mubarak of Egypt, 
in the presence of Mr Bush. 

However, Mr Marlin Fitz- 
waier, Mr Bush's personal 
spokesman, said there were 
“some indications” that an 
agreement could be initialled 
before he leaves the area. Mr 
Bush himselfi when asked 
whether he would be at a 
signing ceremony, responded 
cryptically: “Not here ” 

Mr Peres, meanwhile, gave 
a report to the Knesset on his 
meeting last week with King 
Hassan of Morocco. 

Earlier he had received 
another message from Presi- 
dent Mubarak, brought by an 
Egyptian journalist, Mr An is 
Mansour. He was in turn 
given a message from Mr 
Peres to take to the President. 

Mr Mubarak has promised 
to return an ambassador to 
Israel as soon as there is an 
agreement on bow to arbitrate 
the border disputes* 

Today's meeting in Eilat is 
expected to settle the remain- 
ing issues on arbitration. The 
Irian is to speed up the woric of 
mapping the contested areas, 
including Taba and a dozen 
other sites along the border, by 
taking aerial photographs of 
markers put up along the 
frontiers claimed by each side. 

Renewed Zulu chief 

violence in 

From Ray Kennedy 

Eight more people have 
been killed in renewed black 
township violence in South 
Africa, according to the Bo- 
reas of Information, the sole 
source of official news about 
what is going on under the 
state of emergency. 

In a report covering the 24 
hears to 6 am yesterday, the 
bureau said a black police 
sergeant was shot dead when 
about 360 people attacked 
security forces in Regini town- 
ship outside Adelaide in the 
eastern Cape Province. 

The burean said the mddent 
oocmred near a soccer field 
and a 22-yeawrid black was 
killed when security forces 
returned the fire. 

According to the bnreaa, 
four unidentified Mack men 
were burnt to death hi “Mack 
on- Mack* violence in the Port 
Elizabeth area, and another 
black ms killed when a 
gwwman opened fire on a 
private car near Grahamstown 
in the eastern Cape Province. 

The eighth Mack man was 
shot by security fences during 
an atta ck on a councillor’s 

home in Sebokena township 
•The bnreaesaH “exception- 
ally high damage” was caused 
to a factory set ablaze by a 
crowd at Grahamstown, wttb- 

pwhnn abosd the inc id e n t. 

The upsurge in violence 
followed a two-day fall, de- 
scribed by the bureau as the 
quietest period since the emer- 
gency was declared on June 
12 . 

warning on 

From Michael Hornsby 

Sanctions would destroy the 
South African economy for 
both black and white. Chief 
Gatsha Butbelezi, Chief Min- 
ister of the KwaZulu “home- 
land”, said yesterday. 

In a memorandum he pre- 
sented to Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary, he said 
that it was “mad to propose to 
kill the snake in the house” by 
burning down the whole 

Chief Butbelezi is leader of 
the conservative Zulu-domi- 
nated Inkatha organization, 
which claims 1,300,000 mem- 
bers. The 6,000,000 Zulus are 
South Africa's biggest black 

He is the only Mack leader 
of substance Sir Geoffrey has 
seen since be arrived in south- 
ern Africa on July 23. Other 
leaders and spokesmen on the 
left of the Mack political 
spectrum, from Bishop Des- 
mond Tutu to Mr Nelson 
Mandela, the jailed leader of 
the outlawed African National 
Congress, have so far shunned 
the Foreign Secretary. 

In Chief Butbelezi, Sir 
Geoffrey found a Mack leader 
who was not only prepared to 
meet him but who also fully 
supports Britain's position on 

The chief told Sir Geoffrey 
that he was “perhaps the most 
important honest broker ever 
to come here”. 

He said that his “absolute 
pre-condition” for taking part 
in the National Statutory 
Council, which President Bo- 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign Secretary, with Chief 
Gatsha Butbelezi after their meeting yesterday in Pretoria. 

tha has created for negotia- 
tions with black leaders, was 
the release of Mr Mandela. 

Sir Geoffrey seems certain 
to leave for borne tonight 
empty-handed unless a final 
meeting with President Botha 
this afternoon produces a 
marked shift in the hitherto 
totally unyielding position of 
the South African Gov- 

The disclosure on Sunday 
by Dr Chester Crocker, the 
American Assistant Secretary 
of State for African Affairs, 
that President Reagan had 
sent a letter to President Botha 
supporting Sir Geoffrey's mis- 
sion and urging him to take it 
seriously is not seen here as 
necessarily helping the For- 
eign Secretary's cause. 

On past experience, it 
would be completely out of 
character for President Botha 
to make concessions in the 
face of mounting foreign pres- 
sure. His instinct in such 
circumstances has ’ always 
been to dig in his heels and - 
become even more xenopho- 

bic and intransigent. 

In two-and-a-half hours of 
what British officials called 
“plain-speaking” on Sunday 
night over dinner. Sir Geof- 
frey told his South African 
counterpart, Mr R. F. “Pik" 
Botha, that the release of Mr 
Mandela and other political 
leaders was the “vital first 
step" if change through peace- 
ful negotiation was to stand a 

According to informed 
sources here. Sir Geoffrey's 
tough talking made no visible 
impression whatever. 

• ADDIS ABABA: African 
leaders opened the 22nd regu- 
lar summit of the Organiza- 
tion of African Unity on 
Monday on a strident, mili- 
tant note, calling for action 
against Britain and condemn- 
ing President Reagan as a 
racist and anti-African. 

“The British government 
should itself be a target of 
future pressure,” President 
Mengistu of Ethiopia told 
fellow African leaders in his 
welcoming speech. 

Mitterrand met aid scandal official 

a: tiro 

From Diana Geddes 

The Elysee Palace has con- 
finned that President Mitter- 
rand met M Yves Chalier. the 

key figure in the “Cairefour du 

Developpement” scandal in- 
volving the previous Socialist 
Government. But there is as 
vet no suggestion that m 
Mitterrand himself knew what 
was going on. 

In an interview published in 
Fiearo-Magazine on Saturday 

— the first he has sven since 
“disappearing” fast April - M 
Chalier, former “chef .de 
cabinet” of M Christian 
Nucci, Minister for Overseas 
Development in the Socialist 
administration, claimed that 
he had met M Mitterrand to 
discuss the involvement of the 
CarTefour du Developpement 
- oftheextraor- 

’ranrrt-Afriraro - 

num- who was 

summit in Burundi in Decem- 
ber 1984- 

M Chalier, who was treasur- 
er of the Carrefour, an entity 
set up by M Nucci in 1983 to 
promote Ranee's relations 
with the Third World, said be 
bad told the President that 
certain documents relating to 
the Burundi summit should 
not be made public because 
secret funds had been chan- 
nelled through the Carrefour 
to help meet costs totalling 
more loan £6 million. 

According to M Chalier, M 
Mitterrand appeared shocked 
and angry, and said: “I know 
nothing about this; no one 
Veils me anything. This affair 
must be cleared up.” 

While confirming that a 
meeting with M Chalier had 
taken place on April 15, 
shortly after the new nght- 
wing Government took office; 
the Elys6e Palace insisted that 
M rtioljp^cjr^yiti^.^w nn»_ 

rescued seven hours I 

subject to police investiga- 
tions and that M Mitterrand 
bad kept himself constantly 
informed of developments 
since then. 

In fact, the scandal was to 
come to light only a few days 
later when M Michel Aurfllac, 
who succeeded M Nucci as 
Minister for Overseas Co- 
operation, reported a “bole” 
of at least £2 million in the 
accounts of the Cairefour du 
Developpement. M Chalier 
was summoned to explain 
serious anomalies and sus- 
pected irregularities, fait dis- 
appeared soon after. 

An international warrant 
for his arrest was put out on 
July 9 on charges of forgery 
and embezzlement. Four oth- 
er people, including two of his 
girl friends, have also been 

In the interview with 
Figaro- Maga^i ne. which tra- 
cked him down a few davs aao_ 

to Paraguay, M Chalier claims 
he met M Guy Penne, Presi- 
dent Mitterrand's chief advis- 
er on Africa, several times 
over breakfast at the Elysee to 
discuss the Carrefour’s affairs. 
He alleges that M Penne was 
aware of a number of the 
organization's more contro- 
versial operations, including 
the purchase of a disused 
chateau in the Soiogne. 

Until now, M Penne has 
maintained that he had never 
met M Chalier. However, M 
Chalier insists they were on 
sufficiently friendly terms to 
use the familiar tu to one 

M Chalier also claims that 
Carrefour funds were used to 
finance the election cam- 
paigns of his former boss, M 
Nucci, and of M Louis 
Menuaz, former Socialist 
president of the National As- 
sembly. Both men have vigor- 
ously denied the charges. 

Gorbachov’s Afghanistan troop cuts 

Up to 7,500 men to be withdrawn 

By Mary Deje vsky 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov’s 
announcement of the with- 
drawal of six regiments would 
probably mean a reduction of 
about 7,500 men, or 7 percent 
of the total Soviet strength in 

Mr Gorbachov" saidr-they- 
would be two motor rifle 
regiments, one tank regiment 
and three air defence regi- 
ments. Soviet air defence 
menu can number up to U 
men. while motor rifle 
merits comprise about 2,'. 
and tank regiments about 


There are estimated to be 
between 1 15,000 and 120,000 
Soviet troops stationed in 
Afghanistan, although Mos- 
cow always has the possibility 
of emergency replenishment 
from the southern Soviet mili- 
tary districts just across the 

border from Afghanistan. It is 
here where most of the heli- 
copter units are based. 

The number of Soviet 
troops stationed in Afghani- 
stan has remained almost 
static for the past six years, 
from the initial occupying 
force estimated at about 

Military specialists in- Lon=_. 
don believe that three of the 
regiments to be withdrawn 
may constitute one of two so- 
called independent brigades 
deployed in the past year. 

They are attached to exist- 
ing units and do not have their 
own logistical support. To that 
extent they are a drain on 
existing resources and their 
withdrawal could be part of a 
longer-term streamlining of 
the Afghanistan operation. 

Specialists also question 
how valuable the air defence 
regiments were, given that the 

Proximity talks will 
be given needed boost 

From Alan McGregor 

Mr Gorbachov's announce- 
ment on the withdrawal of 
Soviet troops from Afghani- 
stan wfll give a modest Slip to 
the eighth round of proximity 
talks involving Af^banistsa 
am! Pakistan, starting here 

As before the Afghan and 
Pakistani Foreign Ministers, 
Mr Shah Mohammed Dost 
and Sahabzada Yakub Khan, 
are heading delegations sitting 
in separate rooms at the Palais 
des Nations and giving their 
views on each point to the 
United Nations mediator, Se- 
nor Diego Cordovez. 

After the seventh round in 
May, he said a “wide gap” still 

remained on the proposed 
timetable for departure of 
Soviet forces. 

UN frastratian at the slow- 
ness of this procedure, which 
started in 1982, was under- 
lined earlier this month by 
Seftor Javier Perez de CntUar, 
the Secretary-General, who 
said they were “going round 
and round”. 

“We are not here to provide 
a setting for endless conversa- 
tions. It is np to the parties 
finally to accept their respon- 

The Afghans have been 
pressing for direct, across- the- 
table talks with the Paki- 
stanis. Islamabad Iws refused 
on the grounds that such 
contact woald imply recogni- 
tion of the Kabul regime. 

Afghan guerrillas have no 
significant air power. 

Mr Gorbachov also dis- 
closed that talks were in 
progress on the withdrawal of 
a “substantial part” of the 
Soviet troops stationed in 
Mongolia whose presence is 
one of- the “three big 
obstacles” said by China to be 
an impediment to better Sino- 
Soviet relations (the others are 
the Soviet presence in Afghan^ 
isian and the Vietnamese 
occupation of Cambodia). 

It has been thought for some 
time that the number ofSoviet 
troops in Mongolia might be 
the issue on which the Soviet 
leadership would find it easi- 
est to compromise with the 
Chinese. But until recently the 
Mongolian leadership ap- 
peared to be adamantly op- 
posed to such a plan. 

April 27 1978: Communist 
Party seizes power, Nur Mu- 
hammad Taraki takes power, 
installs Soviet advisers at all 
levels of administration. 

Sept 16 1979: Taraki mur- 
dered by Hafizollah Amin, the 
Prime Minister. 

Nov 3 1979: Soviet troops sent 
to help Amin pul down 

Dec 27 1979: Soviet Union 
invades Afghanistan with 
“limited contingent” Amin 
killed, Babrak Karma! in- 
stalled as President. 

June 1982: UN-sponsored 
“proximity” talks open in 
attempt to secure eventual 
Soviet withdrawal 
Feb 25 1986: Gorbachov sig- 
nals dissatisfaction with situa- 
tion in Afghanistan by de- 
scribing it in address to Soviet 
Party Congress as “a Weeding 

May 4 1986: Karma] replaced 
as Afghan leader by Najib on 
eve of new round of UN- 
sponsored proximity talks. 

July 28 1986: Gorbachov 
announces withdrawal of six 
regiments before end of 1986. 

Uganda post 
for Amin's 
finance chief 

Kampala (AFP) — President 
Museveni of Uganda has ap- 
pointed Brigadier Moses AJi, 
the former Finance Minister 
under the dictator Idi Amin, 
as Minister of Tourism and 

Brigadier Alt leads the 
Ugandan National Rescue 
Front, one of the armed 
groups in the military govern- 
ment toppled by President 
Museveni in January. 

He replaces Mr Anthony 
Butele, who becomes Minister 
m the Office of the President. 
Uganda radio said selected 
Rescue Front fighters would 
be integrated into the Armv. 

Fire-fighting pilots lift 
strike threat in France 

From Our Own Correspondent, Paris 

A strike scheduled for today 
by the pilots and technicians 
responsible for operating 
France's fleet of fire-fighting 
planes, has been put off until 
next Monday because of the 
continuing threat of forest 
fires along the Cote d’Azur. 

Nearly 20,000 acres of forest 
have been ravaged by fires in 
the departements of Var and 
Alpes Maritimes over the past 

few days, destroying beauty 
spots and causing thousands 
* efroi 


of people to flee from homes. 

While many of the fires 
have been brought under con- 
trol. there is considered to be a 

serious risk of new outbreaks, 
particularly along the coast 
from Nice to Menton. A total 
of 2,700 firemen and soldiers 
were still being kept on “red 
alert" yesterday. 

A farmer from Eze-sur-Mer 
was in prison yesterday after 
being charged with uninten- 
tionally starting one of the 
worst conflagrations, while 
three young people, aged 13, 
15. and 19, were accused of 
having deliberately started no 
less than eight fires near the 
village of Anlraigues. in the 
Ardeche. in 1985 and this 

US forces, 
to cease ; 
whaling 1 

Reykjavik (Reuter) — T1 
Icelandic Government has a 
grily hailed the island’s wba 
catch to avoid what it sa 
were US plans to impose 
crippling boycott on Icelanc 
fish products, the country 
main source of income. 

The Prime Minister, h 
Steingrimur Hermansso 
said it was only under stroi 
US pressure that he had ask* 
the whalers to stop, and 1 
accused Washington of usu 
high-handed methods again 
a friend and Nato ally. 

Despite official US denia 
be said Washington had deli 
ered an ultimatum to stt 
whaling by yesterday or fa 
what be called “econora 

“Theirs was an intolerat 
and flagrant intervention in 
the internal affairs of it 
nation.” be said. 

Scandal hits 
wine sales 

Rome (Reuter) — Itah 
wine adulteration scancr 
which killed 23 people, cd 
the country a 40 per cent drj 
in wine exports ax the height! 
the crisis earlier this year. 

The National Institute 
Foreign Trade said total 
port sales from January 
April were 22.7 per cent dof 
on the same period last yea) 

Visit allowed 

Dublin (Reuter) — Britl 
and Irish officials have be! 
given permission to visit Pe; 
Hall, an Englishman, and I 
Irish-born wife, Monica, w 
are being held in Saudi Aral 
on charges of murdering 
Irish nurse, Helen Feeni 
aged 47, in Taif in April. 

UN chief 

New York (Reuter) — T 
United Nations Secrets 
General, Senor Javier Pftrez 
Cuellar, who had a quadrat 
coronary bypass operation k 
Thursday, has been mov 
from an cardiac intensive ce 

Woman pilot 

The Hague (Reuter) — M 
Nellie Speerstra, a 23-year-c 
Dutch woman in training wi 
Nato in the US, is set 
become the alliance's ft 
female combat pilot 

Ariane load 

Paris (A P) — An Indi 
telecommunications satell 
will be carried into or 
aboard the Ariane rocket 
1988 under Arianespace'sfi 
contract with India. 

Smart defecto 

Hamburg (Reuter) — A I 
year-old East German bon 
guard in foil uniform clirot 
border fortifications ni 
Ratzebuig and defected i 
harmed across the frontier 
West Germany. 

Wreck claim 

Aalborg (AFP) — Mr At 
Larsen, a 45-year-old Dan 
underwater treasure hum 
claims to have found i 
wreck of German submarii 
U-534, which historians i 
was carrying gold and d 
moods when it was sunk a f 
days before the end of i 
Second World War en roi 
for Latin America. 

Fliers freed 

Stockholm (Reuter) 
Three men and a woman, 
Czech by birth, who w 
arrested at the weekend af 
hiring a light plane and fly 
over a top-secret military zc 
taking photographs, have be 


Singer ill 

Lewiston, New York (R* 
ter) - The 68-year-old j; 
singer Ella Fitzgerald has fa 
admitted to the intensive c 
unit of a local hospital ir 
“fair condition”, according 
a hospital spokeswoman. 

120m in Japa 

Tokyo (Reuter Japa; 

population toiallt 

120,720,542 on March . 
0.59 per cent more than a ye 
before. : 

Hay lift 

Boston (UPI) — More th“ 

16 tons of hay has been flo J 
to South Carolina, where t* 
worst drought in a century I s 
depleted crops and left cat 1 
in danger of starvation. 

Tourist tank . 

Belgrade (Reuter) — T a 
Yugoslav Tourist Associate 
plans to offer a free tank , 
petrol to foreign tourists, hi- 
ing found the present 5 \ 
cent discount coupons insuj). 
dent incentive. ( 

Bullrun death 

Beaucaire (AP) — M Jac* 
Villeseche, aged 30, was kilP 
as he was running with t* 

bulls through the streets o 
town in southern France. 


Chicago (UPI) - Men 
barrassed by their bald i 
can now have them rem 
by tissue expansion, v 
requires about £3,000 ant 
operations, doctors say. 


)elhi police struggle to 
keep the peace during 
Hindus’ general strike 

From Michael Hamiyn, Delhi 

itone-throwing mobs of 
mg hooligans played a 
Tgerous game of hioo-anfl- 
k with Delhi's security 
oes yesterday as police, 
h military backing, tried to 
■_p the peace during a day- 
g general strike, 
fhe strike was called by the 
iratiya Janata Party fBJPy. 
ight-wing group backed by 
forces of Hindu chauvin- 
uTfae strikers were protesl- 
at the murder of Hindu 
; passengers in Punjab last 

Tie strike was generally 
1 supported, and shops and 
aars all over the capital 
-e firmly dosed. Only a few 
all market stalls defied the 
ke call, but government 
ces were generally open. 

ugh thinly staffed. 

)elhi corporation buses 
id throughout the oty but 
■e subjected to attacks by 
gangs of youths, who 
.ped out of side-roads to 
ih their tyres. Other trans- 
t was thin, but autoncK- 
ws were running. 

"here were not many taxis 

about, since most of Delhi s 
cabs are driven by Sikhs. 
Fearful of a repeat of the riots 
of November 1984, Sikhs had 
made themselves scarce. 

In the curfew-bound west 
Delhi suburb of Tilak Nagar, 
where fierce-tooking troops 
from the Army's Gurkha Reg- 
iment lounged in lorries wait- 
ing for a fresh outbreak o f last 
weekend’s troubles, Sikhs 
slipped in and out of a temple 
and protested about then 
treatment at the hands ofbotn 
the Hindu mobs and the 
authorities. . _ . . 

“The murders m Punjab 
happen because of police fail- 
ure to capture the terrorists, 

complained one worshipper, a 
retired civil servant. “How 

then is it our feult? Why 
should we be to blame? We are 
the peaceful people." 

A retired Army officer add- 
ed; “The Government is help- 
ing the rioters. They knew 
there was likely to be trouble 
after the bus massacre. They 
saw the crowds gathering in 
Hindu temples. Why did they 
not act then?" 

Down the road in Moti 
jwi, an excited crowd 
swted around a traffic junc- 
tion outside a Hindu temple. 
Young men threw stones and 
bricks at a knot of police. The 
police, no less excited, re- 
sponded with tear gas. 

“This protest is supported 
bv all parties: BJP, Congress — 
everyone," said a middle-aged 
onlooker, his eyes shining 
partly with emotion and partly 
with a whiff of the gas. 

“This is nothing but young 
boys having a goal day out," 
said a young police officer, 
smiling and enjoying the 
adrenalin flowing within him. 

Early in the morning a 
stone-throwing mob c augh t 

S ilice unawares, and they 
ter reported that a deputy 
commissioner and an assis- 
tant inspector suffered minor 

Sim ilar one-day strikes were 

hdd in towns in Haryana, the 
state that borders both Delhi 

and Punjab, and in Jammu, 
the Hindu-dominated portion 
of Kashmir state, on Punjab s 
northern border. 

Here were noi nwuj — 

2 die in Gurkha autonomy battles 

.1 -r i.L. .fata Thu (iwmlflV drilffi was 

)ellu - the death toll in 
tnrbances in West Bengal 
today rose to 12, according 
the United News of India, 
lithe deaths of two activists 
he Gnrkha National Liber- 
al Front and a police 
stable (Michael Hamlyn 

Tie people of Nepalese 

stock in the north of the state 
are campaigning for an auton- 
omous region. . „ , 

• Strike calk Troops patrolled 
the town of Kalimpong yestra-, 
day as a Gnrkha protest strike' 

paralysed Nepali-speaking ar- 
eas of the state for the second 

rimp in two months (Renter 

The five-day strike was 
at die weekend when 
police shot dead eight mili- 
tants In die distu r ba nc e s . 

Police in Calcutta said (be 
strike shot down the Darjee- 
ling district, where 90 per cent 
of the one ndlUon population 

are Nepali-speaking Gurkhas. 

Appeal by 
King Juan 
Carlos to 
end terror 

FroB, Srid wiEg 

- A 



“SoSTin “ mon,h ’ S : 

aaaaj election. ..jnag. . 

separatist organization. Eta, 

TheKing en, P liasi ?^ B ^ 1 
it was essential to end terror- 
ism if Spanish society was to 
advance after recently joining 

^Hfcfspeech also made refer- 

- _ cAjU nnnivf>rcirv 

long-standing - radicalism had 

beanSverrome and the coun- 
try had now entered an era of 
national co-existence. 

Police sha^boot^'wsre 
on the rooftops of £mldmgs 

and nearby streete had been 
dosed for several 
searched for .anything 
eious, an ambulance stood 
ready outside the entrance to 
Parliament and firemen -were 

doubt has been generated by 
Britain being the only perma- 
nent member of the Security 
Council — the others are the 
Soviet Union, China, France 
and the US — which accepts 
the International Court's com- | 
pnbory jurisdiction. 

“>ny country that .v etoe s 
the resolution will be acting 
against the principles of the 
United Nations Charter," raid 
Sedor Angusto Zamora, chief 
legal adviser to the Nicara- 
guan Foreign Ministry- 
It is the view of the Foreign 
Ministry that, if the re solution 
is not passed and the Interim* 

tional Court verdict not rati- 
fied, then the prestige and 
credibility of the United Nar 
tions wfll be badly da maged. 

“Nicaragua is acting inride 
the Charter, which means that 
if oar resolution is not ap- 
proved then the United Na- 
tions is hot serving Jhe 
interests of peace for which it 
was initially mated," a For- 

eign Ministry official said. 

on duty inside. . 

In Parliament, more than 
100 security agents in JP™ 
clothes mingled with MPsand 
invited dignitaries, who in- 
cluded many chief ministers 
of the autonomous regions 
and members of Spain’s high- 
est courts. . . • • . 

.A week earlier. Eta had 
staged one of its most daring . 
attacks, firing grenades. into 
the Defence Ministry from a 

parked, car, even -though the 

whole area was supposed to be 
under maximum : police 

^Orrtbe Monday before, it 
had killed 10 Civil Guards in a 
car bomb attack, also m 
Madrid. •/ . .■ . 

In an open letter to one of 

the young Qyfl* Guardsman 

who lostan^eyhai^hfraflack 
arid is stflPm hospital. Saior 

ment’s chief dilate in the 
Basque region, who is hunseii 
a Basque, appealed 'to him 
yesterday not t6 confuse the 
Basque people with the tenor-. 

ists. - 1 - „ 

“There are many Basques 
struggling for a Basque-region 
at peace with the rest of 
Spain," he wrote. • • 

The injured guardsman* like 
almost all those sent to serve 
in the Basque country, comes 

tribute to 

Washington (Reuter).— Mr 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader* 


to the widow of the veteran 
US diplomat, Averell Hanri- 
man, who died on Saturday at 
the age of 94. . 

“Averell Harriman is weu 
remembered in the Soviet 
Union as a prominent politi- 
cal figure who had made a 
great personal contribution to 
the cause of establishing dose 
and fruitful cooperation be- 
tween our countries in the 
joint struggle against (the) 
common enemy during the 
Second World -War," Mr 
Gorbachov said in a letter 
made .public by Mr Har- 
riman’s widow. . • ■ 

“Equally well known is ms 
devotion till the last days of 
his fife to the cause of 
strengthening mutual under- 
standing between, the Soviet 
and American peoples and 
improving the relations be- 
tween the USSR and the 
United States. We hold in high 
regard Averell Harriman’s ac- 
tive efforts for the good of our 
two countries, for the sake of 
strengthening peace." 

Mrs Harriman, in a state: 
ment, said she was moved by 
the tributes from Mr Gorb- 
achov and others. “AverelTs 
hope would be that the efforts 
for peace to which he dedicat- 
ed his life, will move forward 
with renewed purpose." • 

'$£&*** .. x .• 

• »«■- * *1 

t i --"jj 

•=' ! t • 

i.ihi 1 


opening of Parliament. 

Turkish visit aims to 
improve Moscow ties 

From Rasit Gurdflek, Ankara 


Mr Turgut Ozal'the Turk- a pipeline to extend from the 
ish Prime Minister, started a ' Bulgarian border to Ankara, 
five-day official visit . to the would, double the value of 

We can arrange a mortgage almost immediately 
because NatWest has £1.5 billion to invest this year and 
waiting time will be reduced to a minimum. 

Since 1983, NatWest hashelped more homebuyers 
than any other bank and recently we've been opening 

the doors for home owners in other ways too. 

By increasing the allowance for first-time buyers |L I , 
up to 95%. By extending the level of purchasing power 

to up to 3 times a single salary, or up to 3 times the main -y, _ Ap+jrin 

salary and once times the second in the case of a joint lilt* nUUUi 

application. Alternatively up to 2M times a joint income. 

WfeVe also done away with endowment :and 
pension mortgage interest surcharges and arrange- 

ment fees. . . 

And with the NatWest mortgage rate standing at 
11% (typical APR 1L8%) it all goes to make NatWest 
an obvious choice of any self-respecting queue 

ing it was his most important 
visit to the Eastern bloc. 

Citing the “long common 
border" and “historic rela- 
tions between the two coun- 
tries", he said he would, 
discuss with . Mr Nikolai 
Ryzhkov, his Soviet counter- 

part, ways and means of 
further developing ties. - . 

Economic subjects would’ 
have a dominant place in his 
talks with Soviet officials, 
signified by the presence in his 
entourage of Mr Ahmet 
Kurtcebe Alptemocin, the Fi- 
nance Minister, and ^. busi- 
nessmen along withMr Vahit 
Halefoglu, the Foreign. Min- 

Turkey hopes an agreement 
for imports* of Soviet natural 
gas amounting, to 6 billion 

IUmP K«r fufl written details, contact your local NatWest 

Bank branch f orphoneFreefone0800282700. 

(£675 million). ■ 

Official’ souroesfsaid a sepa- 
rate pipeline - to provide 
smokeless heating for eastern 1 
Turkey was under study. The 
expansion, of Soviet-bimt in- - 
dustrial ahd'enerey plants was 
also expected to be reviewed. 

Turkey’s misgivings con- * 
cernjng. a TOOnonle exclusive 
economic zone declared by. 
the Soviets in the Black Sea, a 
10-year ban they imposed on 
turbot fishing , differences . 
oyer jurisdiction on civilian., 
air traffic, disarmament and 
East-West relations were also * 

ua«i.w ue amna. 

# MOSCOW; Ta^raid; Mr 
Oral -was welcomed el Mos— . 
cow airport by. Mr Ryzhkov 
and. Mr ■ Eduard Sheyardt^ . 
nadze,. the . Foreign 

J:\vc r\ 


•A *• *■ 

Th* 1?.: 

"v~— t. 

'vv r 

>«V.VU A i 


.iC.i.4 .V 


> 1 tie 



< fit. 








If we had the ear of your wife (or husband), here's 
what we might be tempted to say: 

“Prevention of illness is better than cure and 
the first place to start prevention is in what you 
eat” That leads to the question of the staff 
restaurant at work Have you ever considered 
how important 

Good food is uital 
in the boardroom - 
and on the shop floor. 

your staff restaurant is to the 
welfare and future of your company? After all, 
good health is unquestionably dependent on the 
right food. 

And if you promote good health in the first 
place, it’s the best way to reduce your future 
health care costs. 

That’s why Health First is offering a new 
Nutritional Analysis Service. It could be the 
first step in the right direction. For you, and 
for managing directors - men and women — 
throughout British industry. 


In recent years, Britain has begun to take a 
healthier attitude towards its eating habits and its 
whole way of life. 

But when you think about the food that’s 
served in your canteen or executive dining room 
every day, can you 

work performance, absenteeism and long-term 

Good intentions can easily do more harm 
than good. 

Take heart disease, for instance-now firmly 
linked to diet. It’s responsible for fully 40 per 
cent of deaths in this country, and more than 26 
million working days lost each year 

Yet national preventive campaigns outside 
the UK have already proved that simple 
changes in dietary habits can reverse these 
alarming figures. 

When you also consider there is evidence 
that diet-related illness 
accounts for a high 
proportion of all 
working days 
lost, you’ll 
agree that 
the way we 
eat at work is a 
serious and urgent 

The question is, what 
can be done? 

helps people get into better shape. 

According to a recent report by the Royal 
College of Physicians’ Faculty of Community 
Medicine, death rates from heart disease in 
Britain are now among the highest in the world 
Apart from recommending that we stop 
smoking, moderate our drinking and take more 
exercise - the report strongly suggests we stop 
over-eating and start eating well 

We believe this makes good sense. After all, 
you invest heavily in your key staff In training 
and developing their skills. And - if you’re 
unlucky - in replacing them. Their health is 
obviously vital to your success. 


Since you probably have more influence over the 

A poor diet now can mean higher health care costs in future. 

honestly say that this new awareness has 

reached your workplace. 

The fatty roasts. The sausage and chips. 
The heavy gateaux and chocolate layer 
cakes. Such items feature all too often in the one 
thousand million meals eaten at work in Britain 

a diet designed to keep you and your 

staff fit, healthy and productive? 

Or could it be contributing to poor 

.e^u-izic-num- "" ivhn ws« rfisrjied seven hours I 

health of your staff through the food you serve 
than in any other way, shouldn’t you make sure 
they have a choice of the right food 
There’s now an easy way to do 
just that 


Tf)c end of a business 
hatch can finish you 
off for the afternoon. 

of your employees’ dietforanominal 
fee arranged through Health First 
Using computer facilities at 
one of Britain’s foremost 
nutrition research 
centres, it can 
pinpoint deficiencies 
and advise changes 
- whether to a 
canteen menu 
or the individual 
daily diets of 
your key staff 

For example, 0065 y° w ^ A® y° u wi ^ 3 ener sy «■ lethargy ? 
our analysis specifically compares the 
nutritional value of your company menus with 
national and international recommendations on 
the prevention of heart disease. 

Happily, the simple changes which can 
cut the health risk to your people need 
cost you no more than you’re paying for 
restaurant facilities now. 


Health first is part of an organisation which 
provides private medical cover forpeople all over 
the world 

So we’re well placed to know that 
companies like yours are concerned about the 
rapidly increasing costs of providing health 
insurance to their employees. Naturally, you 
want better management of these costs. 

Better health care now can reduce your 
medical insurance bills in future, so we want 
to help safeguard your personal and corporate 
health by ensuring you eat the best. In other 
words - because we understand the need to 
control health costs, we are actively involved in 
health care . 

For details of our Nutritional Analysis 
Service send the coupon now. Or telephone 
our office on: 

CENTRAL LONDON 01 583 2550 
READING 0734 502 955 
BIRMINGHAM 021 454 9969 
LEEDS 0532 446 088 
MANCHESTER 061 834 3202 

ENFIELD, NTH LONDON 01 804 8833 
BOURNEMOUTH 0202 292434 

Health First, Richmond Hill, Bournemouth BH2 6EQ- 

Post to: Health First, Richmond Hffl, Bournemouth 

BH26EQ. , 

please tdl me how your Nutritional Analysis Service 

can improve my company^ productivity 

now and reduce future health insurance costs. 



Address — 



.Number of employee s. 

From Mutual of Omahalmemational Ltd.- 



Y JULY 29 1986 





If you’re ready for a big step take it at Harrow 

Harrow has hot only one of the best education services in 
the country, we are also a progressive and forward thinking 

i To join the specialist legal team we are looking foran ambitious 
? Assistant Solicitor, to be responsible for the important 
Education Committee work. Someone with at least 2, ideally 
4, years' post-qualih cation experience. 

It's an opportunity to gain a wider knowledge in the field of 
education law with a London Borough whose constant 
developments will provide you with new and challenging 
: legal problems. 

If you have previous local government experience and an 
understanding of the committee system then this could be 
. a big step up in your career. 

' It's a responsible position and you'll have considerable 
independence. You'll be dealing with a wide range of legal 
matters arising from the Education Committee and Sub- 
committees and providing professional advice at the most 
senior level. 

Ybu'l I also find there is scope to develop your role and, if you 
choose, concentrate on specific areas such as contentious 
or non-contentions matters. 

As we are committed to training and new technology, this 
l will probably be the best ail round move you ever make, 

: so contact us now. 

There is a salary of up to £15,804 inc., plus benefits and as an 
-• equal opportunity employer we welcome all applications. 

: To find out more contact John Robinson or Roger Vergine on 
: 01-863 5611, ext 2284 or 2260, or write to the Director of Law 
and Administration, London Borough of Harrow, PO Box 2, 

; Gvic Centre, Station Road, Harrow, Middlesex, HA1 2UH. 

! Closing date: 20 August 1986. 

Harrow t®i»a 

an equal opportunity employer 




A young Solicitor with at least 2 
years post qualification experience in 
Company Law with a good dry firm 
is required by a major. Bank for a 
pensionable post 

A salary package in the range of 
£27,000^35,000 is offered 
depending on age, experience and 
ability, together with partidparion in 
a profit sharing scheme, to attract 
applicants of a high calibre. 

Please reply to Box number G58, 
The Times Advertisement 
Department, News International 
Limited, Virginia Street, 

London El 9DD. 



c.£20K + car 

London W1 

For a group of companies involved in the 
service industry in the UK and the USA. 

The present incumbent is moving to the group's 
American company creating this interesting • 
vacancy in the London base. This appointment will 


He/she will be responsible to the Board for the 
provision and management of legal services, 
company secretarial duties and overall 
responsibility for insurances, pensions and 
company administration. 

Applicants should send a full CV Indicating 
salary progression to Bernard L Taylor MB1M, 
quoting reference 6876. 

jY/I RVY N Hughes International. 

Management Recruitment 

III 7!^ I I LC Consultants, 37 Golden Square, 

I 1 LAjI I LjU London W1R4AN 01-434 4091 

Could you advise 
AA members on their 
legal problems? 

The AA's success and expansion are based on 
providing high levels of service and professional advice to 
our members. Legal services form a vital part of the 
operation, with a small specialist team based at our 
Basingstoke Head Office. 

As a Senior Legal Advisor you would provide prompt 
advice to members and be involved in updating 
information and literature produced by Legal Services. 

This is a challenging and responsible position 
covering the whole area of the law governing the use and 
ownership of motor vehicles, with the emphasis on 
contract law. It calls for extensive legal knowledge, with 
experience of contractual matters, tort and interpretation 
of legislation. 

Applicants with a formal legal qualification including 
Fellows of the Institute of Legal Executives are preferred 
but others having several years practical relevant 
experience would be considered. Good communication 
skills are naturally essential as you will have frequent 
contact with members and other AA departments. 

We offer a starting salary c.£10,300, dependent on 
experience, together with an attractive benefits package 
which includes comprehensive relocation assistance. 

Telephone or write for an application form to: 

Mrs J. Holcroft, Personnel Officer, 


MM Fanum House, Basing View, 

Basingstoke, Hants RG21 2EA. 

Tel: (0256) 492971 


* corporation 



Marriott Corporation Is a U.S. - based, leading interna- 
tional hotel management company with operations in 
Europe, the Middle East and Africa. We are seeking a high 
calibre solicitor with 2-4 years of post-qualification experi- 
ence for our London Regional office. 

Reporting directly to the Law Department in Washington 
D.C., you will be responsible for legal matters involving 
the operations of existing hotels and the development of 
future hotels. Your duties will include advising, negotiating 
and drafting on: labour matters, conveyancing and real 
estate, financing, management relations, concessions, 
government and consumer affairs, and secretarial ser- 
vices for U.K. - based subsidiaries. 

You should be a generalist with a background in opera- 
tions, financing and property. Foreign language ability is 
desirable. Some travel to Europe and U.S A is required. 

Salary and benefits negotiable. Respond with resumes to: 

Marriott Hotels & Resorts, Quadrant House, 80-82 
Regent Street, London W1R 6AQ, Attn: Mark 
Dobson Esq 




£20,000 p.a. for suitable applicant 

Experienced solicitor sought to head Litigation team at our 
busy Essex Office (close to M25 and Dartford Tunnel). All 
aspects of litigation will oome within the Applicant’s control, 
with the emphasis upon Commercial, Civil and Criminal 

Advocacy skills essential. 

- Apply to S E Rogers - 01 594 5469 daytime, 
and 0245 421304 evenings, or to writing to 
our Barking Office at Radial House, 3/5 Ripple Road, 
Barking, Essex, IG11 7NG 




«^a«se(^ngtDiamitasenior lawyer for char HradOffitt lt@d department 

TIwsucxxss^candklaiB^ manages ckisdy knit pol«sional team, iHxxndble for 
the [i^ don. TI^ work com prises a brom range of Cnrninaciallm^ dot 

aristr^ out of the gftKipsdiverseacmTOes comprising raainlyconsmiction and 


An atuacrive salary plus car will be offered with the usual benefits assodamd with a 
major public com pany 







We are a long-established andrapidiy expandntgPi^| 
actively recruiting staff to service our g^wngh^CH 
nr» w>mTV>fitivp salaries. fflOflCm ui 

Company Commercial 

We require a newly qualified solicitor with good 
company commercial work. We. are looking for 
initiatrve and commercial awareness, able to undertake a sub- 
stantial workload. 


Our expanding Litigation Department requii^areasonat^ 
perfenced solicitor of two to three years admission, awe to 
handle High Court Litigation of some complexity. 


This Department is looking for a residential coyeyancer. A newly 

r-TTm fi j rr» ; v .v*\\ , ■ y w , *: i. 


If you are interested in any of the above , positions, 
please write with Curriculum Vitae to:- ... 

Mrs T Martin, Office Administrator, 
Royds Barfield, 2 Crane Court, 

London EC4A 2BL. 

(Telephone: 01-583 2222) 

Freshfields are looking to meet the growth retiuireaajffiHs of 
their specialist financing team within the CcHffkpany/CopDimeidiy 
Department of the firm by requiting additional lawyers to.. * : 

manage an increasing volume of high, calibre work. Tins . largely 
though not exclusively, being in the fields of aircraft, ship And - . ■ 
project financing, is wide-ranging and international m scope; The, ^ 

law work will also be provided. r: - y . ; V ; 

Applicants, who should be at least twoyearsqualified, would ! ' ’ 
need to be prepared to face the demands ofabig City practice ’ 
requiring intelligence, resilience and some commercial flair. 
Experience, though desirable, is not as essential as commitment. . 
Rewards would be excellent and there are no limits to tfceluitiier 
progress .within the firm of those who most excel. 

Applicants should write in the first instance, in confidence, J ~ 
enclosing key career details, to:- David Ranee, Freshfields, ' 
Grindall House, 25 Newgate Street, London EC1A7LH. . 


Our chent a medium sized City practice, is seeking 
young solicitors with up to three years relevant 
experience to work in their expanding department 
Successful candidates can expect rapid career 
advancement and a wide range of work including 
commercially related transactions and some 
planning. Remuneration will be dependent upon 


From £20,000 

We have been retained by a number of leading 
merchant, investment an<f international banks to 
provide high calibre solicitors from leading City 
toms, for a variety of legal advisory ana 
documentation positions, which offer exciting - 
prospects of moving into front-fine ' banking 
positions. . _ 

For details of these and other positions, please contact Jnditli F* 


Our client, a medium sized City, firm is. keen .to 
engage Solicitors with up . to Jhree! wears pqe. for a 
variety of demanding co mm ercial .work in -this 
expanding department The positions available 
have astrbpg fmandalbiasand would suit ambitious . 
graduate lawyers with proven experience. 


To £30,000 

On behalf of two ofoindienls, a»nerchant6ankaiid 
a large Stockbroker we are recruit in g young 
Solicitors in their mid to late 20’s who have sewed 
articles ' with a substantial City fern. Successful ‘ 
candidates will become Involved in mergers/ 
accusations and general corporate advisory work ‘ 
J”™ MiSH? ^ the stockbroker; the work will 
indude U5M listings. . . . . 


Legal and Rnancia! Recruitment Specialists • - 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01^5830073 


Programme Contracts 

Wsawanaquri " 
opportunity anplojHr 

To wor k on a wide range of contractual and : 
administrative matters relating to the employment of 
artists and speakers In ratio said television. 

. You ishodd be a Solicitor or Barrister, qualified in 

England, preferably with at least two years’ 
experience, which need riot relate to the 
entertainment industry or contractual law 

£13^87 (maybe 
higher if qualifications exceptional) rising to £17 W 
Based Central London. Rekx^on expSi^s 
considered. y 

Contact us Immediately for application form 
(quote ref. 2265/T and enclose &X&) - 

Uwdon wmaa, 

Tet 01-927 5799. 



SALARY £8,1 78 - El 1^81 




10 Partner fins within centre! Kraungtaan wish to 
recnm an experienced Commercial Solicitor to assist in 
and expand this Department. 

right applicant. 

Please apply whb CV. to: 

Jafai Brttfimn, 83-85 NrU Street, Dhatiihm. B3 UP 

• PAGE :; 34 . 



Dollar decline 
forces Hawke 
to pull out of 
Pacific summit 

• ■ From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 



TK' "IQOJ Of economic attend the Commonwealth 
f£h heads of govemmem meeting 
?- e Mmis_ »n London next week, at which 
atten ^ a . nc iai he will advocate sanctions 
a South Pacific summit m Fiji against Pretoria. 

“J? 1 ? Budget estimates have been 

Sf2S^?, nlinued *° P ,ummel complicated in the past few 
j ii ■ , days by the depreciation of the 

j£l Ilar * dollar and the US announce- 

pS?i reco Y i e r/ after Mr ment that it intends to invade 
■ u “e Treasurer, Australian markets with sales 

announced the effective sus- of subsidized wheat 
pension of restrictions on An ail-party delegation is to 

. . fly to Washington to lobby 
Tne dollar s slide of three against the Senate proposal to 
cents against the US dollar extend grain subsidies to the 
was a shock m a day of Soviet Union and China, tbe 
turbulence, reflected in huge two biggest importers of Aus- 
stock market losses. Mr tralian wheat. 

Seating s announcement was The dollar's record low 
loo late to have any effect on yesterday compares with 71 
the stock market, but analysts US cents a year ago. The 
wwe predicting strong gains slump has been even more 
t£ ~hy- . , . . serious against the yen, against 

There has been speculation which it has depreciated by 56 
for some, time that the Gov- per cent in the past 1 S months. 1 
ernmeni would scrap regula- Australia gets most of its ! 
tions inhibiting investment, imports from Japan. j 

decline OF Such statistics would nor- 

i*30-i Australians mally be considered fertile 

(against US S)j 4 ground for the Opposition, 
1,40 ■ ^ but even ™ the midst of crisis 

- ‘iv ■% it is evident that Mr John 
1 ' 50 ' xA Howard, the Liberal leader. 

„ has failed to dent Mr Hawke's 

lead in the opinion polls. 

1 Mr Howard replaced Mr 

7a s - o n d j fVam'j ■ j Andrew Peacock as Liberal 
1985 • 1988 leader in September. Yester- 

— day his response was to blame 

such as a tax on dividends. Mr the dollar’s decline on Mr 

.'A'S'O'N'D' J'F'M'A'M'J'J 
- • 1985- 1988 

Keating's' confirmation 

brought the dollar bark from a May that unless Australians 
new low of nearly 57 US cents learnt to live within their 
to almost 63 cents (it later means, and reversed a crip- 
settled at around 61 cents). pling balance of payments 
Some forecasters were per- deficit, the country faced a 
suaded that the worst was now future as a “banana republic". 

Keating for his warning in 
May that unless Australians 

over. Others predicted that the 
dollar would go still lower 
before next month's budget. 

Budget preparation was tbe 
reason Mr Hawke gave for 
staying away from the South 
Pacific forum on August 8. He 
said he wanted to oversee the 
final stages of what is expected 
to be the most austere Austra- 
lian budget since the war. 

But he said be .would still 

Some of Mr Howard's par- 
liamentary colleagues are said 
to harbour serious misgivings 
about his ability to brat Mr 
Hawke in the next election, 
probably next year. 

And so it is that Mr Pea- : 
cock, who relinquished the job 
through what looked like neg- 
ligence, is once again being 
seen as a contender for the 
Libera] leadership. 

Centrist to 40 accused 
lead Thai of rebellion 

coalition in Manila 

Bangkok (Renter) — Thai- 
land’s Democrat Party yester- 
day began “to" consider die 
prospect of leading the 
country's next coalition gov- 
ernment, after nearly doubling 
its number of seats in 
Sunday's general election, to 
become the largest parliamen- 
tary bloc. 

Mr Bhfchai Rattakul, aged 
59, the Democrat leader, who 
has recovered after collapsing 
from exhaustion mi Sunday 
night, was due to meet his 
colleagues to discuss die con- 
ditions the party would impose 
for joining the Government 

Final results announced by 
the Interior Ministry showed 
that the centrist party had won 
100 of the 347 seats in 
Parliament giving it the stron- 
gest say in forming a multi- 
party coalition. It won 55 seats 
in the last election in 1983. 

The ministry also reported a 
record .6! per cent voter tnro- 
ont a 10 per cent increase on 
the lastelection. Drives to get 
out the. vote showed gains even 
in apathetic Bangkok. 

Although he had cam- 
paigned against a legal loop- 
hole allowing for . an unelected 
prime minister, Mr Bhichai 
signalled that he would accept 
another term for General 
Prem Tinsulanonda, aged 65, 
a former Army chief who has 
ruledUby . royal appointment 
since 1980. 

The Interim 1 Ministry said 
the poll was among the safest 
and freest in Thailand despite 
seven deaths, four from 
shootings near polling stations 
and three in a police helicopter 
crash in the Gulf of Thailand. 


Seats held in the House of Repre- 
sentatives. compared with seats 
after 1983 election; 

Patty Seats 1983 

Democrat 100 §5 

Chart Thai 63 73 

Social Action 51 34 

United Democratic 38 - 

Thai Citizens 24 35 

United Thai 13 — 

Rasadbrn 18 

Community Action 15 — 

From Keith Dalton 

Charges of rebellion were 
filed yesterday against a fpr- 
raer Philippines Foreign Min- 
ister, Mr Arturo Tolentino, 
and 40 other people linked tea 

failed coup attempt against 
the Government of President 

National Democracy 3 Is 

Mass Party 3 - 

Thai People's . j — 

New Force ] 

Liberal 1 — 

De m ocr ati c Labour 1 “ 

(Some parties from 1983 elections 
have since been dissolved orjomso 
others. The total number ol seats 
increased from 324 to 347.) 

A preliminary hearing, how- 
ever, could exclude 15 mili- 
tary officers and soldiers from 
possible trial after a mass 
pledge of allegiance to tbe j 
Aquino Government's inter- 
im constitution by the entire 
armed forces. 

The mass oath-taking oc- 
curred one day after support- 
ers of ex-President Marcos 
kicked and clubbed to death 
an Aquino follower moments 
after riot police used tear gas 
and smoke bombs to disperse 
Marcos supporters from a city 

. Mr Tolentino proclaimed 
himself acting President on 
July 6 and, with the backing of 
300 pro-Marcos troops and 
thousands of civilians, took 
over the luxury Manila Hotel 
for 36 hours until the soldiers 

Tbe Justice Minister, Mr 
Neplali Gonzales, said five 
former parliamentarians, in- 
cluding the Speaker of the 
abolished National Assembly, 
four generals and 11 other 
officers and seven film stars 
were included in the police 
charge sheet sent to the gov- 
ernment prosecutor. 

The charges were filed after 
Mr Tolentino, aged 75, and 
other leaders refused to pledge 
allegiance to the provisional 
constitution in exchange for 
clemency from Mrs Aquino. 

If the accused military men 
were among those who swore 
allegiance to the interim con- 
stitution, then Mr Gonzales 
said he would ask the Govern- 
ment prosecutor to strike their 
names from the charge sheet. 

Mr Tolentino and his co- 
accused, meanwhile, have 
been given 10 days to respond 
to die charges before a prelim- 
inary hearing is called. 

More than 200,000 soldiers 
took their oaths m simulta- 
neous ceremonies in scores of 
military camps and police 
outposts. Tbe ceremony was 
aimed at dispelling doubts 
about the military’s loyalty to 
Mrs Aquino. 

Serbian minority gripped 
by fear of being swamped 

An East German border- 
guard standing by yesterday 
as policemen look for evi- 
dence after a hole was blast- 
ed in the Berlin Wall. 

A bomb made of 4.4 lb of 
commercial explosive blew 
the man-size hole in the 
Western side of the Wall 
near Checkpoint Charlie 
during the night, West Ber- 
lin police said (Reuter 

No one was injured in the 
blast but cars parked nearby 
were damaged. Despite the 
size of the hole, police said 
there was do apparent link 
with an escape attempt 

Pilot of sunken Soviet 
liner escapes charges 

Wellington (Reuter) — Po- 
lice said yesterday they would 
not prosecute the New Zea- 
land pilot of a Soviet cniise 
liner which sank in New 
Zealand waters in February. 

They said the decision was 
.taken because of the high cost 
of pursuing further inquiries 
and prosecuting the pilot. 
Captain Don Jamison. 

An official inquiry into the 
sinking of tbe Mikhail Ler- 

montov blamed Captain 
Jamison for navigating the 
ship through a pacyagp that 
was too shallow for the vessel. 

The costs of bringing four 
witnesses from the Soviet 
Union and canying out a 
survey of the channel would 
be more than $50,000 

All 409 passengers, mainly 
elderly Australians, and all but 
one of the 329 Soviet crew, 
were rescued. 

In the second of two articles an 
Yugoslavia "s troubled southern 
province of Kosovo. Richard 
Bassett examines the altitude 
etf the Serbian minority, which 
in recent months has felt itself 
increasingly intimidated by 
the ethnic Albanian majority. 

At Batnsae, a few mOes from 
Pristina, the capital of Kosovo, 
the Serbs are on the move. 
“Enough is enough. We are 
being overran by the Albani- 
ans and their foreign civil- 

Just over a month ago, 
several hundred villagers from 
here and other rural parts of 
Kosovo attempted to march to 
Belgrade to protest to Yugo- 
slavia's 13th national congress 
that they were being forced by 
the Albanians to emigrate. 

Police, many of them Serbs 
themselves, blocked the road 
and prevented without violence 
the demonstrators from reach- 
ing the city. 

But although the inhabit- 
ants of Batosae were unable to 
reach Belgrade, they met poli- 
ticians ami received consider- 
able exposure in the Belgrade 
press, which has displayed a 
voracious appetite for all sto- 
ries involving Albanian intimi- 
dation of Seims. 

Old Serbian men are beaten 
up, Serbian crops are burnt. 
Even the water supply to some 
Serbs is being poisoned by the 
Albanians, it is alleged. 

This, rightly dubbed by 
Western diplomats in Bel- 
grade as Serbian hysteria, 
found last year its most pictur- 
esque martyr in the form of 
Doirdze Martinovich, a Serb 
found lying unconscious and 
naked in the early hours of 
May 1, 1985 on the sacred 
field of Kosovo, the battlefield 
where the flower of Serbian 

Tensions in 

Part 2 

nobility was slaughtered by 
tbe Turks In 1389. He had 
been abused by Albanians 
armed with mineral water 

This grotesque event would 
in tbe course of everyday life in 
the Balkans have been relegat- 
ed to two paragraphs in one of 
the more risqn£ Belgrade mag- 
azines. But the field of Kosovo 
is not to be abused tightly, and 
overnight Martinovich became 
a national hero. 

SERBIA <^\ \ Belgrade 
\ V' 110 miles 

i #P8C f 

^ BatusaeT ? 

Recently, more than a year 
after the event, respectable 
Belgrade papers were running 
series on the “trauma of May 
1. 1985". Most Serbs wbo live 
in Kosovo dismiss accusations 
of hysteria. 

“Yon would be hysterical if 
one day the boose next door to 
you was suddenly occupied by 
a family of Albanians with 12 
children, who then started 
hoisting the Albanian flag in 
their garden and singing Alba- 
nian songs until two in the 
morning," a Serbian resident 
of Batusae insisted. 

Less emotional Serbs see 

part of the problem as the 
result of what they call “bio- 
logical factors". There is no 
doubt that Albanians produce 
more children thau Serbs and 
are enjoying a birth rate of 35 
per thousand. 

Tbe Serbs barely touch two 
per thousand, and envisage as 
a result the Kosovo of the 21st 
century infested with millions 
of Albanians. 

The Albanians, for their 
part, make no secret that the 
more children they have the 
better, so as to swamp the 
Serbs. “Two already; only six 
more to go," exclaimed one, 
expounding the virtues of large 
families for farming. 

To a certain extent, the 
Serbs who have emigrated 
from Kosovo and those who 
continue to want to leave tbe 
province are following a famil- 
iar path from the poorer parts 
of tbe country to the wealthier. 

The Albanians may be ap- 
plying psychological pressure 
and in some cases even physi- 
cal force to “persuade" the 
Serbs to leave, but many would 
dearly wish to leave the poor- 
est part of Yugoslavia, irre- 
spective of the Albanians. 

The Serbs in Belgrade will 
not countenance, a mass exo- 
dus, and trials of “Albanian 
chauvinists" accused of intimi- 
dating Serbs or spreading 
Albanian propaganda are 
highly publicized. 

To its credit, Belgrade has 
pursued a policy of more 
restrained policing since tbe 
initial crackdown in 1981 in its 
dealings with Kosovo, and 
subtle steps have been taken to 
avoid inflaming Albanian 

It is unlikely, however, that 
this will provide any lasting 
solution to the province's 
problems. Concluded 

The news 

for the 

serious investor 

now pays up to 


Five die on Norway ice 

h From Tony Samstag 

1 Oslo 

T A Dutch couple, aged 42, 
L and 39, and their son, aged lo, 
f were identified yesterday as 
the latest casualties of Nor- 
way’s seductively < beautiful 
g but treacherous glaciers. 

The family, who perished 
under an avalanche on 
Bakii breen glacier at the week- 
end. brought to five the nura- 

separate incidents during tbe , 
past week. 

The previous Sunday Mrj 
Barry Daniels, a British : 
schoolmaster, aged 43, leading 
a party of students from York, 
had become the first in the 
spate of fatalities when he 
jumped into a crevass on the 
notorious “black ice" complex 
near the Arctic Circle. 

• He was attempting to help 
Miss Clare Sommers, aged 16, 
who was rescued seven hours 

The rate of interest on our 90 Day 
Xtra account is already a very attractive 
8.00% net but now for investors with 
£25,000 or more to invest, we have 
increased the return to an excellent 
8.25% net 

Andif your full half-yearly interest 
remains invested, the compounded 
annual rate is 8.42% making this the 
No. 1 choice for the serious investor 
who wants a really top return with easy 

Monthly income 

: Interest can be paid monthly into 
your Halifax Cardcash or Paid-Up Share 
account or your bank account 

To make withdrawals, just give us 
90 days’ notice. Or you can have instant 
access losing only 90 days’ interest on 
the amount withdrawn. 

Withdrawals which leave a 
balance of at least £5,000 can be 
madeinmediatelywithoiitpeiialty - 
another advantage for the big 

Simplicity itself 

With passbook simplicity and 
maximum security that’s just the 
sort of first' class account you’d expect 
from the World’s No. 1. 

So fill in the coupon now - and get 
a little Xtra help with the future 

f To: Halifax Building Society (Ref EKW), Freepost, 
Trinity Road Halifax HXI 2BR. (No stamp required.) 

I/We enclose a cheque, no: ..for 

£ (minimum investment £500). 

To be invested in a Halifax 90 Day Xtra Account 
I/We would like the interest to be: 

□ added to balance □ paid half-yearly □ paid monthly 










A unique village in 
the Judaean foothills, 
populated by both 
Arabs and Jews, is 
teaching harmony 

and understanding 

to teenagers from 

Ulster, both Catholic 

and Protestant. 

Ian Murray reports 

'.I V V'# - :f* •• * idi* 

i^m Howixicr 


■ v_ : pf 

r . r: 

r=4. Sg? 

' - • • • ft&'asfc. - ■ ■%£ ? . W:: i'A- : 

: >■ ■; •;:* . . .V* ■ * . . ■» %» .V *sl 

a joiru Jewish -Arab community- on 
the site. 

In developing the courses he has 
concentraicd on teenagers. “They 
come up here in droves, full of 
poison and prejudices and strange 
ideas, worried that they may be 
pushed, misled, subverted, hi. three 
days they are shot of all this filth in 
the most extraordinary way. They 

The fate of the Co rnish tin industry ^ 
and therefore, some say, of the whole_ 
region -T may be decided this week ; 


:7V ^ 

have many things in common. They 
then know that this hate is no good, 
and once kids are convinced of that 
you can’t stop them getting what 
they want" ... 

But a stay here isno picnic. “It isa 
painful unpleasant experience; get- 

■i f-.. 

[ i rn 

,<-i ll *i i ; 

W Jp?! 

1 1 1 ’■ 

I < IT-Ti-Jl * iT-l ( r 

’ • 


, K tKj 

< ’ . . '■-H B TT fc r 

There could be no greater contrast 
At one extreme is Major Wellesley 
Aron (retired). MBE BA (Cantab), 
in his mid-eighties, with memories 
of cricket in Devon and holding out 
with the Australians at the siege of 
Tobruk - and a Jew. At the other is 
Elias Eady. a curly-haired, energetic 
young man. a lapsed Christian and a 
very determined Palestinian. 

Yet their complementary talents 
have helped to create, in what was 
once a no-man’s-tand in the Judaean 
foothills, a pioneering institution of 
conflict resolution, which this month 
welcomed its first students from 
both sides of the bitter line dividing 
Northern Ireland. 

The institution takes the fonn of a 
co-operative village built in the 
grou nds of the great T rappisi monas- 
tery of Latrun. which guards the 
main road from the coast to Jerusa- 
lem. and which neither Jews nor 
Arabs controlled when the cease-fire 
lines were drawn after the 1948 War 

This wild spoL with a breathtaking 
view stretching across so many 
ancient battle fields to the Mediterra- 
nean. a thin line on the western 
horizon, is now home for some 30 
Jewish and 30 Arab households who 
call it Ne’eve Shalom — the Oasis of 

But as Ariella Be’eri. one of the 
Jewish counsellors, explains, it is not 
an easy peace. All of those living 
there have had to fight a tough battle 
within themselves to reconcile the 
instinctive hatred and distrust be- 
tween the Jewish and Arab commu- 
nities. “We are a pluralistic society", 
she explains. “It is painfully 

The lesson of that painful democ- 
racy has so far been taught to 8,000 
Arab and Jewish youngsters sent to 
workshops here since the communi- 
ty was property established in 1978. 
And now it has been given to the first 
group from Ulster. 

That lesson is not to love one 
another, but to understand one 
another and to appreciate that each 
group has its own rights and reasons. 
This is why the community policy 
takes the extreme doveish stand — by 

C- • 

j* *V 

* - '* 

■' • ,<■ -• '• • 

; •' A.:‘r . 

tit is a painful, 
getting rid 
of prejudice 9 

says the 

I r T i i lTJ 

Conflicting cultures in harmony: 

Jewish standards - that the occupied 
territories must be handed back to 
their rightful owners. At the same 
lime, the community accepts the 
servile line — by Palestinian stan- 
dards - that the Jews have a right to 
live in the country. 

Anyone who thinks that this is a 
cringing attitude for an Arab to take 
has not met Elias Eady. “I am a 
Palestinian", he says proudly. “My 
people need to have their legitimate 
rights. I don’t see peace as loving and 
hugging each other, but as something 

**We all agree that both people 
have a right to exi$L It is in the Jews' 
interest that the Palestinians are 
strong. I think the Jews gpt hurt 
more, not less, by occupying the 
West Bank. 

Jewish Major Wellesley Aron, left, and Palestinian Elias Eady 

While Eady is personally con- what it means to live under 
vinced of the need for a peaceful occupation.” His eyes flash, and it is 
solution, he does not really believe easy to imagine him with a gun in his 
that one is possible. “1 feel I am pan hand in different circumstances; 
of the peace struggle. I hate the feet 

6 People have to 
accept that they 
live in a conflict. 
Then you can 

But he fights for justice for his 
people with a weapon of tolerance 
and understanding. It was he who 
organized the course for the Ulster 
group, after a visit to Northern 
Ireland two years ago; and he 
personally selected the youngsters 
who should come out to team about 
conflicts in no-man’s-land. 

According to Major Aron, learning 
is a painful sometimes tearful 

i , | .a is a paint uu sometimes tearniL, 

become tolerant / experience best done by teenagers. 

He has written a eulogy in praise of 

“There are two people who have 
the right to exist in this land. People 
have to learn to accept that they live 
in a conflict, that it is part of their reg- 

ality. Then you can become tolerant 
and not feel you are living under 

that people should use the arms 
struggle. But I am not naive enough 
to think that my people will be 
liberated just by being peacefuL 
“I know I could be sent to prison 
for saying that although I am 
opposed to the arms struggle. Peace 
is my kind of struggle, but I try to 
imagine what it would be like to live 
in a refugee camp. I try to imagine 

teenagers, based on his experiences 
of teaching them about peace after 
realizing to bis dismay that there was 
nowhere in the world where it was 
possible to learn about it 

That was less than a decade ago in 
a Tel Aviv high school. From the 
success of that course he went on to 
build up the village on land already 
being used by Father Bruno, a 
Dominican who was trying to set up 

ting rid of prejudice". Aron says, 
“But I don’t want to be involved in a 
holiday resort for teenagers.” 

Ariella Be’eri is much younger 
than the major and more sceptical 
“I don't trust these three-day con ver- 
sions from hate to love" she says; 
“Politics in Israel come into every- 
thing, down to and including brush- 
ing the teeth. What we have to talk 
about are working relationships. 

“You have to plant seeds. to make 
people aware. It would be - naive to 
think that what you are doing is 
really preparing people to five with 
each other. But we are. trying to buikl 
partnerships, even wben-thegap is so 

Realistically the villagers accept 
that at best it will take a very long 
lime for their ideas to change the 
dangerous current tensions. The 
teenagers who pass through the 
workshop go home and risk being 
estranged .from their families if they 
cling to their new tolerances. Coun- 
sellors from the village therefore run 
remedial courses around the 
country. - 

Inside the village the two commu- 
nities are nevertheless creating a new 
generation which can live together. 
In the kindergarten the children 
become bilingual as they play togeth- 
er in Hebrew and Arabic. In the 
classroom they iearo about each 
other's customs and traditions. They, 
celebrate Jewish, Moslim and Chris- 
tian festivals and learn about each 
other’s culture. 

There is little chance, in conse* 
quence, according to Mrs Coral Aron 
(the major's wife), of intermarriage. 
“They are so aware of their differ- 
ences that they don’t look for 
trouble" she explains. “They have 
pride in their culture and tradition. 
They know exactly who they art" 

The - mines. Wheal Jane 
aad'Soath Cinfty. near Tran^ 
which , each employ between, 
359 and 400 j-ople, and. the : 
smaller Wheal. Pfcndarves 
nearby, also owned hy RTZ, ? 1 
need . afigurerariousfy esti- 
mated at between £1 1 mHHon : 
and £60 nHKoa to fern‘4. 
But supporters of their cahse 
say that Britain wflUttsemdce 
by ceasing to be a tin producer 
than it would by maintaining : 
themines and tbelrworlcfiwce 
for a few years, until the.tin 
price recovers. 

. The nunes themselvea.are 
' showing' a remarkable deterr 
mutation to keep going,. At 
Wheal Jane last week they 
were stiUrepairiQ^ tramways 

and drilling machines in the 
pit's 35. miles of dripping 
. tunnels, and Mastingore.; 

Although morale has ^bden. 
high among them loers so far, 
the likelihood of joblessness 
in an area where unemptoy- 
ment is- welt above.' 20- per - 
cent,' rising to 45 per cent to - 
some places, has began to sap ■ 
confidence. Some mihers^.like . 
Wheal Jane face woiker Dave 
Hawkins, aged' 24, see their 
Ottly future as worktog abroad 
if the worst happens: “Fve 
thought tf Canada. and Aus- 
tralia,. -They've got, us on * ’ 
piece of string-at the moment.; 
It would be al relief to me ; ifv 
they said either way." ■ 

• Many Wheal Jane minoir 
have been ^ through anemptoy-, 
meat before. Tom Ryan from 
Newcastle, a 3J-year-dld die- 
sel fit to vrititfive^^. ^^e 

where he has worked -from ■■ 
north to sooth across-. 1 the - ; 

and 'aa WSc from , t^e 

can: be sure of g ettin g otha£ 
jobs* •' 1 '. •- . : 

yT-: ■> 

Tbe company, which under 
normal cfronnbtonces .vtoabfa 
have had a -£40 rafllkm few; 

a . ... ^ • •- 

'' ' v-. 

| ' .mm K _ 

IV i-'Ju 

-- , 

: S L 1 

M M /O- 

— . . . 



Going dawn: Wheal. Jane’fece 
wodcCT Dave H^w^ J . 

over, is “agood msagmcamx 
cal ; bttsjness that’s Jhedf. 
knifed because of a cartdj 
screw-ap", says Calter,. whir 
haswerkedin ZajabtoCaB^ 

' da, the Ctoibbean and-Ad»> 
.trafia, nnd helped to- re-stoif ' 
Whea l; Jan e and work thief 
other RTZ minesin 1979. ~ J ' ■ 

' He admits Tie Jg hot^ 
mistic oF-gefitog any smmf 
nph^fen the Covernn ^L' 

And tf'tfe mum doses, he* lk- 
adds." the • region. facesL 
duster. “Fishing’s dead; th^ 
docks are dead- toorism’s^ 
dying" arid now K stud& t^ 
losethe£l5m31ion front the^' 
tin industry that., wadies' jmpi ■■ 
naaliy ttirmigh Its ecoaqtpy. ^ - 

- -I r-'- n 

• .t 

-• --.'K 

tre -c-*.: 



Sad sting in 

V • • •/*! 

iierzr • 

- * r-i.-n 


Inflation-proofing. Plus. Plus. Plus. Plus, j 


H3 C 


If you hold until 1 August 1986 


H4 C 


If you hold until 1 August 1987 

h4 c 


If you hold until the 5th anniversary 
of purchase . 


h4 c 


If you hold until the 10th anniversary 
of purchase 


%u are about to earn a 3% tax-free And ifyouVe 

siroplement on top of the supplement yougot than 5 years, you 
last November It’s due on 1 August the extra bonus a 

Then there’s another tax-free supplement, the FULL 5-year 
the biggest ever at 4% when youVe held your So get these 

Certificates for another year up quite a^ tidy s 

All on top of index-linking. And on top as you don’t cash 
of that are the 5 and 10 year bonuses. ana bonuses are c 

So if you bought your Certificates . Bonus 

in the last 5 years you are already on on top of 

your way to earning the first bonus -4% °f J 2 

of the purchase price. Tax-free. lop ths 





held yourCertificates more 
are already on your way to 
the 10th anniversary -4% of 
value. Tax-free, 
extras, and youTl have built 
um of money. Just as long 
in before your supplements 

es, on top of supplements, 
index-linking, and not a 
x to pay. 



MfllllllHIIIIII I" 

When Halley's Comet flashed 
past the globe. Professor Sir 
Fred Hoyle found sufficient 
evidence to feel that his 
lifetime argument about the 
origins of our planet had 
Anally been vindicated. You 
might have expected his reac- 
tion to be one of utter elation. 
Instead, he was plunged into 
“a condition of acute 
depression" for three days. 

For nearly 40 years. Sir Fred 
- whose obduracy is often 
compared with that of his 
fellow Yorkshireman Geof- 
frey Boycott — has been an 
eloquent spokesman of the 
“steady state" theory of cre- 
ation which, to put it at its 
simplest, maintains that the 
universe was fashioned not by 
a single “big bang" but 
through a protracted and al- 
most imperceptible process. 

At 71 he remains convinced 
that spores travelling through 
the cosmos indicate the pres- 
ence of intelligent life else- 
where. vindicating the “steady 
state” hypothesis. Because of 
the evidence of bacteria which 
it bore, the comet arrived for 
Sir Fred rather like a compre- 
hensible postcard from Mars. 

“I have never been more 
certain about anything during 
my life as a scientist than I am 
about the truth of this theory”, 
he says. “Most of the time you 
get some theory which seems 
to make sense for a while, and 
then suddenly the facts start to 
go against it. arid you have to 
accept that it was false. But 
with this theory every new feet 
comes as a confirmation." 

Why then that extraordi- 
nary depression? Why, even, 
the feeling that his life had 
come to an end? His full 
answer would take an acre to 
print At the risk of missing 
something in paraphrase, it 
runs as foHowsi. once a 
scientist's thesis has been 
proved correct, all the re- 
search rapidly "becomes ab- 
sorbed into the genera] body 
of available knowledge, ana 
with it goes a pan of his very 
identity. Only when he is 
working towards a conclusion, 
only when he is. as .it were, the 
sole possessor of an uncorrob- 
orated line of thought is his 
contribution fully recognized. 
Hence the depression, which 
was brought on by the terrible 
irony, peculiar to scientific 
endeavour, that achievement 
actually bears the seeds of its 
own demise. "For the artist". 
Sir Fred “ihk i« not thp 

Halley’s Comet brought evidence to 
vindicate Sir Fred Hoyle’s steady state 
theory. But he was far from happy 

•v.-, s£ 

:,r.- •• . • 7 3 • 



A foot in both camps: Sir Fred Boyle, author and scientist 

case. I think the most enviable men is with explosives; to hi 
example of this occurs in conclusion that having ^'vei 
music. A Mozart writes his- school a few -years' trial -i 
score. It goes on being played really held no benefits for him 
hundreds of years after his : He must, have been ah impos 
death, just as he wrote it with sible boy 'to teach, for- thi 
his name on it for ever." simple reason that he alidad; 

Fortunately for Sir Fred, he ^ n £ w more-thari his mentors; 

they were^ai^C^inbridge; to-, 
gether.inthe^ftdof sedusibff 
which ,isr ihoughpfil.: 

have disa^eared ironr iWe 
Late Distnct^From toe wiifc 
dows attheUcfcof the houd? 
is a vista orthe bare hills that . 
bulk up to tbewesi oif PehrriK 
- His nueia'feni- odds with his, 
reputation HdoggednessJ^ 

and indeedl^with nls osrtt 
admission Ttoat-- he. can be a; 
cussed customer. If is a Jarg£ 
benign potato of a fece, which 
emits - shoit but abandoned 
laughs at- regular interval^ . 
There is clear saiisfoclion tha^ , 
in the great. debate, which .te 
seemed to have lost during the • 
early 1970s. the pendulum has 
swung hack in favour;^ - 
steady-statism. - • .:-v# / 

. He has never become, fob 
volved in large-F politics, arid 
feds npchagrin about to ^Tt is 
an absolute certainty that rif 
you get into politics ybii-'wHL 
get your lilies aossed. Tbrit 
the nature of ihe piiftibVattF 
it is no good at all-for science; 

“A friend of -mine once-' $^4; 
of Whitehall that it h fofrfeE 

-- ’Z ■: '* 
,-^>c t' r 

r-,,. ,; t 


-■“.-a : a X* 


j-.._ - £ v. -ura 
-v- ' ! k % 

; wf;: 

■‘k Gvji -i . - 

L\ J,r - tr - ! 


JtoCL 4 The S!! 

merits with explosives; to his men wearing oxygen - iriatdfiE 
conclusion that having ^ven.-. but became none of thebj 3f ; 
school a few years' trial it controlling , his own suppled 
really held no benefits for him. they are art going aroiiria tte - 
He must have been ah impos- p lape ga spi ng.": ; ‘ . . -J * 

sible boy to teach, for the - . l t ’ - w- 

simple reason that he alr&idy: . Alail'trJMte 

has a foot in both camps, with 
15 novels, to his name as well 
as more than 30 wodcs of 
science. Next Monday he 
publishes yet another book, an 
autobiography weighted to-, 
wards his Yorkshire boyhodd 
and his years as a young man 
at Cambridge. So acute is his 
memory that the result is like 
a particularly fecund spring 
with its myriad sources, great 
and small being recalled from 
the distance of raid-auuirait.. 

“I was never a great one for 
taking eggs from birds's 
nests” he writes, "for the 
reason that.! could, see; no. 
interest in them once ..they 
were taken. IF you blew them, 
there was only an empty shell 
lhal did nothing, and if you 
didn’t blow them they soon 
started to smell terribly.- I 
found it far more interesting 
to watch what happened if you 
left the eggs where they were;" 

Which is. in effect what he 
has been doing ever since. ; 

If you seek early dues to the 
unorthodoxy and even rebel- 
liousness of his mature years, 
they arc all here, from his 

ham- and Wl^rlnn* -mnunj 

knew more than his mentors; • The Small Worfd of Red i 
• Today he fives with his wife is published to- Stichael J 
Barbara; whom he met while, (£10.95) ■ « 



t Sadness (6) . 

5 Scan* lYirpiigli f 4) . . 

8 Poppy dnig(5) 

9 Disappolriimcni (7) 
It Bcdiimc<lrink.(8l 
13 Snianialk (4): 

15 OnHnon ^13) ’• 

17 Dmg(4) ;■ ■ • r 

18 E^uy tkkf (8) 

21 Closest (7). . 

22 Shon.donkstSl .. 

23 Bureau (4! 

34 IbinKumabob(6) . 



a 9Q n : 7 


, I B B 3S B B 


^ s a s 

Z DuctS) 

3 Peculiar (3) . 

4 Propcrh supplied 

<4.91 ; 

5 Appcalinjlv rwcuv . 

-.14) ■ . 

6 Pond Hack bml (7)' 
7- Crrccnmamlcjmlwr 

■.4A« ■ • 

B B a B B I 

.10 Urtrcaria(6.4) 
■14 Sh0tt,iifnc;(4) -. 
16 Rival (7)' 

19 Animal «dS«te1b6d£ 

. • ‘ i 

f ; tff , < 

soimoNTO Np imy . 

J 1 TT*b 1: 5 . 9 Pooh-fah 1 10 Uluaism .115 

-7 i-yAmWaiteCf ..‘4 ImposabiBty; 5 Rot 

Embroil T^^hvviA^ n R^ pdccf : . 14 Unkempt'': lS; Brnw ) : : -H6 ; ' 

-T 5, -•*. 



l h e ax e 



FASHION by Suzy Menkes 

A"J' -^1 

Gone native 

The look of batik, if not its 
summer’s cottons an appeal 

exact method, has given this 
both ethnic and sophisticated 


£L*! •JSS® 

b?« 8 § 

The cotnpaav 
nu rmal rir£r*'****W 

AK-rnj Je*n. 

■■*•■'**!■ w-.e Ha*® 
vut. is "a good $o«f 

’•“■*1 business ftaft ^ 

knifed because g{ i & 

■HTen-up". sail 
h2> »urked inZanfaC* 

da. the Caribbean ulfc 

rraiia. and helped u nn 
" heal Jane aud mil 
Kfber RTZ mines ism 

Ik admits he is at ^ 
misti: of firtring in ■ 
Rivnev from the Cwaw. 
Vnd if the mint ask 
adds, the retts fa. 
d:>j>ur. "Fishingitntfc 
di»cks are dead: ant 
d):r.s". and niw a ash# 
W the £15 railliootafc 
an industry that 
niulk ihroazb its ua^ 

Anne Wardo 

’s tail 

.. .. Csa5n¥; 

f TiTitliloftSh- 

V 7 ’i y&.zi 

... . - ' 

. Fran to/ 

— ::.***£ 

“ ; - -r.i- bare h#s- 

- . - T.- ursieiP-*' 

' s -:aads«f 

b «* 

viTth Ins 

iu’ 0** 

- h&x 

. - • v -‘- •"' ‘ ,t'i 


lirtJ 1 

‘ '•■• 

' ' f. I 

“ • v i oeidal^' 

' ' ' \. jjiofl 

2t v ai'f 

-' * ''*■ ; ",7'..Vj:n | : * 

■ - 

• V ' ■ r ’ ; s' 5 ® 



>*, h a rioi of pattern and 
■ ■ colour, the Common- 
's wealth has come to Edin- 

_JL burgh — and not just in 
the ill-starred Games. A 
njajor exhibition of textiles — 
ejhnic and ancient or muted 
and modem — is filling the 
city's Arts Centre. 

■ The shaded patterns of 
West African tie-dye undulate 
beside neat block prints from 
Ghana and Australia’s vivid 
screen prints. The story is told 
in texture, colour and pattern 
With ' Malaysia's crunchy 
handwoven brocades giving 
relief to flat lengths of doth. 
'Scotland's own contribu- 
tion is mostly hand-knitting: 
Shetland lace and the 
fisherknits to show stitchcraft, 
while the famous Fair Isles 
3 pbint their effects in colour 
and pattern. Computer-de- 
signed textiles bring this febric 
exhibition right up to date and 
give a double meaning to its 
title. “Soft wear". 

-Out on the Pacific islands, 
the natives are still producing 
bark doth according to a 
centuries-old tradition. Aus- 
tralian designer Deborah 
Leser has developed batik 
printing techniques to put 
bold blocks of colour on silk 
crepe de Chine. 

Batik — the method of 
applying hot . wax. to cloth to 
resist dye and create crackled 
patterps is one of the oldest 
and ■ most effective of the 
ethnic techniques. It has been 
used in Indonesia to create 
high art to wear as well as to 
* hang on the walL 

T his summer the most 
commercial fashion 
companies have 
gone native bringing 
the look of batik, if 
not its precise method, to 
Gortons. Dark overlays of dye 
fjpve given cheap and cheerful 
cottons the depth and richness 
of a sratned^glass window. The 
colours themselves look like 
the hinterland of a paradise 
isle — all sunbaked sand and 
terracotta, mingled with jun- 
gle-hiaf green and the pmple 
streaks of a Gauguin sunset 
*i 'international designers 
Tfaom Gaultier to Anna nr have 
taken up batik and given it a 
sophistication which would 
astonish the natives. Fish 
scales of plastic coating the 
fabric make Giorgio Annasfs 
batik prints look as though 
they are under the surface of a 
lagoon. He has made up this 
extraordinary material into 
ankle-length evening skirts 
that take batik from day 
through to night 
Coral reef fronds and leaf 
patterns in indigo blue give 
the South Sea Island fed (o 
inexpensive holiday clothes 
for more casual evenings. 

Because the colours of the 
native dyes tend to be deep 
and subtle, they look most 
I modern when freshened with 
dean light colours. White is 
the best foil for indigo blue 
and most of the patterns come 
as shades of blue on white. 
^.Styles and shapes require 
Ijie same straightforward sim- 
plicity: a batik printed vest or 
over-shirt goes with a white T- 
sbirt or shorts; a plain midrifF 
top with a wrap skirt 
=, There is a temptation to go 
native on holiday by choosing 
ethnic shapes — a wrap and 
drape of fabric like the Indian 
dhoti or loincloth! To trans- 
late these- into today's fash- 
ions. you need a sharply 
tailored or fitted upper half to 
team with a sarong skin or soft 
zouave pants. The simple 
stretchy swimsuit has a fash- 
ion life out of the water as a 
partner to the sarong wrap. 





MON JULY » - F» AUG 1 
MO- S30 

*3* sf&V 



* ” • * -. - *■** 1* ^ * 

H -/• V A 

• *••• 1 • 


Bare feet are the perfect 
complement to the coral reef 
clothes, but thonged leather 
sandals are a more practical 
alternative and the newest this 
season are worked with dull 
gold or bronze. The plain 
white plimsoll or canvas 
pump partners indigo. 

Ethnic accessories — tactile 
amber beads and beaten silver 
bracelets — are fashion state- 
ments in their own right and 
have long been collectors’ 

They can be worn with the 
plainest black linen dress or a 
sand beige safari jacket. Liber- 
ty has an ethnic jewellery 
department as well as lengths 
of batik primed fabric for 
those who want to stitch or 
wrap their own holiday 

• m Sofi»Tar\ the 
Commonwealth Arts Festival 
textile exhibition, is at the 
City or Edinburgh Arts Centre 
until September 7. 





Above; Spirals of indigo batik leaves on cotton print fabric, 
£3.95 a metre from Liberty. White cotton damask bustier. 
£9.99 from C&A, Oxford street, W1 and branches. White 
metal and ivory necklace with filigree orb. £195, Stiver 
embossed armlets. £700 the pair, all from Liberty's ethnic 
jewellery department, Regent Street, W1 

Above centre: Inky blue flower printed cotton batik vest 
£14.95 from Monsoon, 23 The Market, Covent Garden, WC2 
and branches. White cotton jersey shorts. £6.95 by 
Pampiemousse from Fenwicks. Yellow straw pith helmet. 
£6.75 from The Hat Shop. 58 Neal Street. WC2 

Above right Richly patterned indigo and white batik sarong 
skirt £18.95 by Adini. Stretchy white swimsuit trimmed with 
black, £29.95. White elasticated front canvas pumps, £6.50 all 
from Fenwicks, New Bond Street W1 and Brent Cross, NW4. 
Muddy brown batik head-wrap, £4.99 from Monsoon. 23 The 
Mamet. Covent Garden, WC2 and branches. White metal 
spiral choker, £480, heavy embossed armlet, £350 both from 
Liberty’s ethnic jewellery department Regent Street W1 

Right: Delicate blue foliage printed zouave pants. £35 from 
Whistles. 12-14 St Christophers Place. W1 and branches. 
White hoop ear-rings, £5.95 from Fenwicks. Solid carved 
ivory armlet. £200 from Liberty ethnic jewellery department. 
Regent Street, W1. 

Terracotta pots from Patio, 155 Battersea Park Road, SW8 
Make-up by T eresa Fairminer 
Hair by Peter Forrester for Daniel Galvin Colour salon 
Photographs by NICK BRIGGS 

1. White cotton jersey swimsuit with bow detaH at the back. 
£10.99 from Miss Self ridge, 40 Duke Street W1 and branches. 
2. White Lycra swimsuit with flamingo watercolour pnnt 
£85 from Ralph Lauren, 143 New Bond Street W1. 3. Blue 
and white striped vest top bikini, £6.99: white towelling 
robe with Lip print. £26.99. both from Miss Settridgs. 

4. Black and white spotted cotton Lycra bikini by 
Norma Kamali,.£30 in the sale at Browns. 27 South 
Molt on Street, Wt. Spotted cotton jersey headband. 
£2.99 from Miss Selfridge. 5. Abstract print cotton 
bermuda shorts. £15 from Browns Mans Shop, 
and Woodhouse, Oxford Street. W1 

Illustrations by MICHAEL DAVIDSON 

Take the plunge this season 
with swimwear styles reminis- 
cent of the 1920s bathing 
belles (writes Rebecca Tyrrel). 
Fashion has once again swum 
fall circle and microscopic 
bikinis and thongs have given 
way to generously cat swim- 
suits in seaside postcard spots 
and stripes. 

The new bikini top is cut m 
the shape of a vest which has 
been cropped to the midriff 
and the bottoms are cot higher 
on the hips. Soft cotton jersey 
fabric one-pieces roll down to 
the waist for topless sunbath- 
ing and stretchy Lycra suits 

nn> hist for swimmino without 

the under-wiring and uphol- 
stery of pre-liberation day’s. 
Period accessories for the 
beach are Carmen Miranda 
style pareos for knotting and 
draping, and spotty faairbands 
in bright rainbow colours. The 
chicest sun-worshippers are 
wearing Charles Jour dan’s co- 
ordinating protective bootees 
for tripping over hot sands. 

Dashing bermuda shorts 
add a touch of class to men’s 
swimwear, potting medallion 
man’s briefest of briefs to 
shame. These athletic surfers 
come in a splash of abstract- 
coloured cotton with a draw- 
string waist. 

for the 

From Professor Daphne 
Brooker. Kingston 

Your commentator (art col- 
lege report, July 8) was unfair 
both to the fashion /textile 
industry and to design educa- 
tion. This is damaging to the 
co-operative relationship that 
has developed between fash- 
ion schools and industry. It is 
insulting to the many firms 
which work seriously with our 
schools, bringing an essential 
understanding of business re- 
ality to the course. 

In Great Britain, many 
companies also provide our 
young designers with beauti- 
ful materials to work with or 
bursaries to enable them to 
travel so that they may 
undertsand other markets. 

Many experienced compa- 
nies take it for granted that 
most fashion graduates can 
construct a garment. But good 
graduates go into design jobs 
where a fertility of design 
ideas are needed, plus suffi- 
cient flexibility’ of mind to 
enable them to adapt and 
work creatively hi industry's 
changing technologies. 

I must question also the 
familiar old chestnut that it is 
somehow wrong for British 
design talent to be used to 
make profits for our competi- 
tors. Companies abroad are 
wonderful at giving our grad- 
uates their first jobs — so 
enabling British companies to 
find what they so often ask 
fon “a young, experienced 
designer who has had a year 
or two in Italy or New York". 

Our industry recognizes its 
need for internationally- 
minded designers. It cannot 
afford xenophobia. 

In a world where a large 
industry is waiting enthusias- 
tically for their talents, set- 
ting up a one-man business is 
not the best start for most 
fashion graduates. 

Sanderson Sale 

July 19-August 9 

Monday -Friday 9 -30am -5.30pm. Saturday 9.00am- 5 -30pm 

Fabrics. Wallpapers, Bedlinen, 

15% off Sanderson Upholstery and Dining Room Furniture 
15 % off Cotswold, Duresta and Sinclair Melson Furniture 
Large reductions on: 

Lighting, rugs and previous room set items. 

Sanderson, Berners St, London Wl 

Coffee Shop 

Oxford Circus or Tottenham Court Road Tbbe Stations. 




Genuine reductions on 
exclusive pret-a-porter lines 
for men, women and children. 


72 KEW BOND STREET. LONDON W1Y 800. TH&H0N& 01-629 4805 



Will the Iron Lady cry again? 

Roger Scruton 


Legal and 

Solicitor Michael Joseph has 
Tailed in his attempt to sue the 
Law Society under the Trade 
Descriptions AcL He objected to 
an advertisement in the home- 
buyers" magazine Exchange Con- 
tracts. which depicted the" society 
as “ensuring the highest standards 
of service by solicitors to the 
public". Joseph said this was a 
false statement because "when 
anyone complains to the Law 
Society about its members it is not 
interested”. But in a High Court 
judicial review to determine 
whether the society could be 
prosecuted in a magistrates* court 
Lord Justice Stephen Brown ruled 
last week that it could not. because 
as a professional body it does not 
have direct commercial dealings 
with the public. Joseph says this 
decision could open the door for 
secondhand car dealers and holi- 
day.- companies making false 
claims by advertising through 
trade associations. 

Sty wars 

Saudi Arabia, which opens a 13- 
day Saudi Experience exhibition 
at Olympia today to persuade us 
of the country's charm, should 
relax. Judging by a letter I discover 
Mrs Thatcher wrote (his spring. 
Downing Street itself continues to 
nurse relations with the Arab 
world. In May the Arab League 
wrote complaining of a cartoon in 
The Sun playing on a Press 
Council ruling which said the 
paper was entitled to call a Libyan 
an “Arab pig”. The PM replied: “I 
Find the headline and cartoon lo 
which you refer most distasteful 
and I can well understand that 
they cause real offence ... I am 
sure that very many people in this 
country would be equally critical 
of such reporting." 

Blue Skye 

While the royal couple honey- 
moon aboard the Britannia, fric- 
tion is growing in the Isle of Skye, 
once the point of exile for his elder 
brother's Scottish namesake. 
Plans are afoot to build a road 
bridge to the mainland. If they go 
through, the Britannia, in which, 
the Queen makes her annual and 
belo'cd voyage around the Scot- 
tish islands, will no longer be able 
to pass through the Sound of SleaL 
There is another, musical implica- 
tion: Over the Bridge to Skye” 


•They're changing moles 
at Buckingham Palace' 

Howe cowed 

Sir Geoffrey Howe is about to be 
publicly contradicted by his own 
office. The Foreign Affairs 
Committee report which, as I 
revealed yesterday, concludes that 
sanctions should be imposed on 
South Africa, says that in his 
evidence to the committee Sir 
Geoffrey claimed sanctions would 
cost 120.000 British jobs. In- 
trigued. it asked the Foreign Office 
for details. In a classified 
memorandum the FO replied that 
it was impossible to estimate the 
effect on this country. Embarrass- 
ingly. this section of the FO's reply 
has now been declassified and will 
appear in tomorrow's report. 

Ties that blind 

Libya's campaign against “imperi- 
alist cultural domination*' (July 
has just been renamed Nasser) is 
getting nuttier. Television viewers 
arc now regularly treated to an 
animated cartoon warning of the 
perils of neckties. It begins with a 
Westerner sauntering on wearing a 
tie. The tie starts to move, 
assumes a variety of shapes and 
ends up as a cross. Meanwhile, the 
figure has turned into a scarecrow. 

Forsyth saga 

Frederick Forsyth's reputation as 
a military expert took a hammer- 
ing yesterday when he confessed 
to an embarrassing scoop dating 
from his time as a Reuter bureau 
chief in East Berlin in 1 964. 
Returning late from a night on the 
tiles, the 24-year-old Forsyth 
found his way blocked by six 
di\ isions of Soviet tanks, rockets 
and motorized infantry. Rushing 
back to his apartment, the eager 
young Freddie filed a 300-word 
piece, intimating that a Soviet 
assault on West Berlin might be 
imminenL The story naturally 
seni shockwaves through Western 
diplomatic capitals: Sir Alec 
Douglas-Home and President 
Johnson were apparently woken 
up and half the defence ministries 
in Nato placed on red alert. 
However. Forsyth's excitement 
quickly turned to despair when his 
London head office suggested he 
might just have witnessed a 
rehearsal for the May Day parade. 
It was. Laughing it off yesterday. 
Forsyth told me: “Well, if you're 
going to file a bum story' you 
might as well make it a big one.” 

I once saw Margaret Thatcher 
weep. It was in Lusaka in 1979. 

during the Commonwealth Heads 
of Government Conference that 
after a fashion, settled the Rhode- 
sian question and led to the 
creation of Zimbabwe. At that 
lime, she had been Prime Minister 
for a few months, and she had 
assumed office committed to 
protecting the interests of 
Rhodesia's white community. At 
Lusaka she was pressured to go 
back on that commitment and. 
finally and reluctantly, she did so. 

I was at the conference as 
adviser and speechwriter to Mal- 
colm Fraser, then prime minister 
of Australia. While Lord 
Carrington, the British foreign 
secretary at the time, has been 
given most of the credit for the 
Lusaka settlement — and particu- 
larly for bringing Mrs Thatcher 
around — Fraser and his foreign 
minister. Andrew Peacock, played 
a major, if less heralded, part in 
deciding the outcome. 

As it happens, it was at an 
Australian party at the end of the 
conference that Mrs Thatcher 
broke down, the last straw being 
her discovery that the agreement' 
had been leaked prematurely to 
the press, thus preventing her 
from breaking the delicate news of 
her capitulation in her own terms. 

This episode comes to mind not 

by Owen Harries 

merely as a piece of interesting 
history, but because the question 
whether Mrs Thatcher will change 
her mind on another southern 
African issue has become critical. 
And while Lord Carrington has 
departed the scene to look after 
Nato. Malcolm Fraser, as co- 
chairman of the Commonwealth 
Eminent Persons Group, is again 
an important actor in the drama. 

That group was initially set up 
to achieve a negotiation among 
the black. Coloured and white 
communities of South Africa but. 
having decided that the South 
African government is completely 
intransigent it has become a 
leading advocate of a tough line in 
dealing with Pretoria. Fraser, a 
man of powerful will who is 
implacably opposed to apartheid, 
has been the dominant figure in 
the group. 

He and Mrs Thatcher have 
consistent, though sharply 
conflicting, general views on sanc- 
tions. Their consistency stands in 
commendable contrast to the 
opportunism of many others en- 
gaged in the debate: those whose 
views on the efficacy of sanctions 
in this case differ sharply from 
their earlier views on the same 
subjecL when the countries in 

question were Communist 

Mrs Thatcher was sceptical 
about the application of sanctions 
against the Soviet Union and 
Poland a few years ago. and she is 
sceptical about them now. As 
prime minister of Australia. Fra- 
ser supported sanctions at the time 
of Lhe invasion of Afghanistan, 
and he supports them now. 

Another critical difference be- 
tween the two turns on their 
evaluation of the Afrikaner lead- 
ers. She believes that, as proud 
and stubborn people, they cannot 
be bullied, and that persuasion is 
the only possible way to make 
progress. Fraser insists that the 
Afrikaners have reached the stage 
where they are immune to reason 
and argument, and will respond 
anly to coercive pressures. 

Moreover — and perhaps as a 
result of his ministerial experience 
in successive Australian govern- 
ments during the Vietnam war — 
he is no believer in incremental 
pressure, the slow turning of tbe 
screw. He believes that a sudden 
and severe shock must be admin- 
istered. one that will radically alter 
ihc thinking of South Africa's 

Which of these two strong- 
minded people will prevail? 

And — a different question — 
which is right? 1 believe that, as at 
Lusaka. Mrs Thatcher will finally 
ae forced to yield again, substan- 
tially if not entirely: this despite 
Britain's enormous economic 
investment in South Africa. 

Hostility to her stand at home, 
the importance of the black vote 
in American politics, the Euro- 
pean disinclination to resist Third 
World pressures and the prospect 
that the Commonwealth — the 
only remaining instrument that 
gives Britain any claim to be more 
than a regional power — will dis- 
integrate if she maintains her 
position: all these factors suggest 
that she may again have cause to 

The second question — which 
view is correct? — is much more 
difficult to answer. Perhaps 
neither is. For this is a truly tragic 
situation, in that all the actors on 
lhe South African stage are pris- 
oners of their history, doomed to 
play out roles that leave them little 
scope for improvisation. 

Tragedies do not unfold accord- 
ing to those rules of enlightened 
self-interest that usually pass for 
political logic among people who 
lack the imagination of disaster. 
The author is editor of The 
National Interest, published in 
Washington, and a former Austra- 
lian ambassador to Unesco 

Michael Yardley points to flaws in the training of men under pressure 

Many sympathized with Brian 
Chester, the West Midlands police 
officer who mistakenly shot and 
killed five-year-old John 
Shorthouse. One can understand 
his anguish: and yet one cannot 
condone his action. Guns do not 
go off by themselves. A child died. 

It seems extraordinary therefore 
that rather than being allowed to 
fade into the background follow- 
ing his acquittal on a man- 
slaughter charge, he has been 
"packaged” into an almost heroic 
figure by West Midlands police. 

The hype that was devoted to 
him draws attention from the fact 
that police firearm training and 
operational procedures have been 
proven inadequate. After the mis- 
taken shooting of Steven Waldorf 
in London, the Metropolitan Po- 
lice public relations machine an- 
nounced that firearm training 
procedures had been examined 
and that the Met system could not 
be substantially improved. Such a 
statement is not satisfactory. 

Training is still far too short. To 
bean effective armed policeman is 
no less difficult indeed probably 
far harder, than to be a police 
pursuit driver. Yet many forces 
believe they can train a 
“marksman” in 10 days, while 
accepting that it takes two and a 
half months to train a pursuit 

Many of the problems the police 
are having with firearms are 
caused by lack of familiarity. For 
this reason it seems sensible that 
wherever possible full-time tac- 
tical units should specialize in the 
use of weapons. 

It is sometimes argued that a 
full-time squad approach to fire- 
arm operations is impractical; that 
it does not fit into current practice. 
If a change of practice is going to 
prevent accidents, then change 
there must be. The full-time 
approach also has the advantage 
that firearm duties are compart- 
mentalized away from ordinary 
police work. The great image of 
the unarmed beat bobby can be 

It must however be appreciated 
that these units would not be able 
to deal with every eventuality. 
Some officers would still need to 
be armed part-time. In provincial 
areas, for example, when an 
incident occurs in the middle of 
the night — such as someone 
threatening to kill his family and 
himself with a shotgun — a fire- 
arm-experienced officer must be 
on hand to contain the incident 
until the specialists arrive. 

In large metropolitan areas a 
growing number of officers are 
assigned to protection duties, 
carrying weapons. But there is no 
reason why their training should 
not be extended. 

It is interesting to note that 
there are few if any cases on 

High tension at the Libyan embassy siege: is the training as scientific as the weapons? 

What police 

have to learn 
about guns 

record, however, of an armed 
security officer using his gun to 
prevent an attack. He simply 
cannnol return the fire inside the 
auackers reaction time. He can 
only, as the special branch officer 
protecting the Israeli ambassador 
in 1982 did. shoot the assailant 
after he is attacked. 

At the moment many of these 
officers are quite unprepared to 
meet an attack from professional 
terrorists. As yet, we have suffered 
relatively few attacks from deter- 
mined professionals. Nobody 
could have called those respon- 
sible for the incidents at Prince's 
Gate or St James's Square pro- 

.As terrorism develops from 
being an aberrant extension of 
politics and diplomacy towards a 
form of open warfare and fanatical 
revenge;, we must take sensible 
precautions. Lest the reader imag- 
ine we have seen the worst, 
consider the havoc a four-man or 
six-man team from our own 5AS, 
the American Delta Force or 
German GSG9 could wreak ifthey 
had the inclination. 

There is general acceptance now 
that marksmanship is only a small 
though vital part of police firearm 
training. Stress-management and 
tactics are just as important These 
are skills which are far harder to 
teach than good shooting. There is 
still uncertainty about how pre- 
cisely they should be taught; and 
indeed, precisely what they in- 

There needs to be a scientific 
analysis of the whole field. This 
has never been done. A university 
psychology or criminology depart- 
ment must be encouraged to set up 
a full-time research facility. 

In the meantime unnecessary 
mistakes are being made.For 
example, during the early stages of 
training, policemen are taught to 
fire at “turning targets” represent- 
ing the silhouette of a human 

Although this has recently been 
supplemented with “shoot/no 
shoot” decision training, the fact 
remains that at an early and 
crucial stage of training policemen 
are taught to shoot without mak- 
ing a full target threat analysis. 
This develops a dangerous con- 
ditioned response that is ex- 
tremely difficult to eradicate. 

The potential danger is in- 
creased because of the natural 
human tendency to muscular 
contraction on bong startled. If an 
untrained or inadequately trained 
person has a gun in his band and is 
frightened suddenly, he automati- 
cally pulls the trigger “by 

It is not acceptable for senior 
officers to state that trainees are 
“forcefully reminded” of their 
duties and responsibility to pre- 
serve life before they even pick up 
a gun or. equally, that men are told 
of “the terrible consequences” of 
poor decisions. 

The right response must be 

conditioned into the trainee and 
his old. unwanted and potentially 
dangerous natural reactions con- 
ditioned oul No amount of words 
or warnings will achieve that The 
conditioning process is not a 
simple matter and has yet to be 
fully understood. 

It is unlikely that psychological 
selection tests are the answer, 
although they are a way of saving 
the face of senior officers, who will 
not accept blame for themselves 
or their system arid would rather 
pin the tail on some hickless PC 
who “overreacted” because of a 
personality flaw which a better test 
might have highlighted. 

An adequate test should be 
capable of overcoming the ten- 
dency to overreact. Generally 
human beings overreact because 
they are frightened and are not 
sure of their ability to cope. The 
tests in existence are scientifically 
dubious and are based more on 
hunch than on a coherent theory. 

Many factors come into the 
equation, notably the policeman's 
perception of aggressive intent 
from a person’s stance. This is lhe 
sort of thing that should have 
priority for investigation. Another 
is the field of non-lethal weapons. 
Sound, light, chemical and elec- 
trical systems all need to be 
developed. Some are already m 
use in the United States. 

Perhaps the greatest problem to 
be overcome is one of police 
sensitivity to criticism, i am not 
denying that the police undertake 
an extraordinarily difficult task. 
Nowhere is this more true than in 
the whole thankless job of firearm 

Examples of courage and 
dedication are legion, but those 
facts do not deny the urgent need 
for an altered approach. Failing to 
admit this in the wake of so many 
tragedies does not help to main- 
tain the public image of the police, 
but rather undermines h. 

The author is a psychologist and 
former army officer 

Still rocking after all these years 


New York 

The boy was about eight years old. 
His hair w-as a pure blond. long 
and silky as a latterday 
Fauntlcroy. Holding tenaciously 
to his mother's hand he edged 
along the most expensive seats at. 
Madison Square Garden. They 
were late. Bob Dylan was already 
on stage. The boy peered with a 
vague curiosity at’ the leather-clad 
figure in the centre of the huge 
performing area. He was playing a 
crude and jagged rock'n'roll. The 
boy listened for a while, then fell 
asleep . . . 

It is 20 years since Bob Dylan 
first turned’ on the amplifiers and 
used the resulting decibels to 
shatter the boundaries between 
folk music and rock. It was one of 
the developments which in the 
Sixties turned rock music from a 
mere entertainment into the 
prime vehicle of expression for the 
ideas, feelings and aspirations of a 
new era. 

A lot has happened in those 20 
years. In the case of Dylan himself, 
the responsibility of being spokes- 
man Tor a generation was to prove 
an unwelcome burden. Within a 
year of those controversial electric 
concerts and the seminal Blonde 
on Blonde album, he was involved 
in a motorcycle accident and 
nearly died. He withdrew from 
performing and recording for al- 
most two years. When he returned 
it was never to the mainstream, 
though he has constantly tacked 
through it as he conducted a 
personal odvsscy through a wide 

Paul Valieiy on Bob Dylan's current US 
tour, and the poet of pop’s new audience 

range of musical styles and a 
variety of spiritual enquiries 
which included a revival of his 
ancestral Judaism and then a 
convulsion of born-again 

Among liis followers there were 
always those who expected more 
of him. Some even felt that he had 
failed in his role as representative, 
a subject he turned to in a recent 
interv iew in Rolling Stone maga- 
zine. Speaking of his music 
through all its vicissitudes, he 
said: “I directed it ai people who I 
imagined, maybe falsely so. had 
had the same experiences that I've 
had. who have kind of been 
through what I've been through. 
But I guess a lot of people just 
haven't. I've always just been 
about being an individual with an 
individual point of view.” 

Despite the idiosyncrasy of that 
voyage, or perhaps even because 
of it. Bob Dylan seems once again 
to be regarded in America as 
something more than a musician. 
The demand for tickets on his 
current cross-country tour, the 
first for eight years, has been so 
great that the itinerary has been 
increased from 26 to 40 perfor- 
mances and more may yet be 
announced. With Tom Petty and 
the Heanbreakers as his backing 
band — the hardest rock'n'rolJing 
group he has ever performed 

with — he is rekindling memories 
of those controversial Sixties con- 
certs. But the reality is different. 

The nature of the audience at 
Madison Square Garden was 
more catholic than ever before. 
The mother of the sleeping child, 
for example, was in her early 
fortics.oid enough to have been a 
young adult at the time of Dylan's 
prophetic early albums. Those 
taking up their front-row seats 
were young upward ly-mobile pro- 
fessionals. arriving late from their 
Lower Manhattan offices. They 
still wore their smart Wall Street 
suits, but had removed their silk 
tics as if in homage lo the man 
who was a hero in the sartorially 
undemanding days of their teens. 

As these briefcased latecomers 
arrived, the Garden's security 
men ousted the intruders who had 
been illegally occupying the seats. 
These were a younger crowd, in 
their fate teens and early twenties, 
who had somehow been converted 
to Dylan. In T-shirts and often in 
shorts, big-bellied and swigging 
Coke by the quart from huge 
plastic cups, they whistled and 
stamped to the more aggressive 
numbers until the yuppies behind 
told them to sit down. When the 
Heanbreakers left the stage and 
Dvlan began an angular rendition 
of some of his earlier songs, 
accompanied only by his own 

acoustic guitar, they became 
muted and listless. 

Not so the mother of the 
sleeping child. .As Dylan began an 
ear-piercing harmonica solo on A 
Hard Rain's Gonna Fall she leapt 
to her feet, prompted by some dim 
atavistic recollection that at rock 
concerts chairs were not there to 
be sal upon but to stand on to gel a 
better view. 

The child beside her stirred. She 
bent, touched his head and sat 
down beside him once more. All 
around the flames of cigarette 
lighters and matches flickered in 
the darkness of the great haJL But 
there were not as many as once 
th«e would have been. Nowadays 
a health-conscious population- is 
vehemently anti-smoking in a way 
which the children of Woodstock 
would never have understood. 

Dylan played One Too Many 
Mornings, and the audience broke 
out in a ferocious crescendo of 
applause. There was a ragged 
intensity in the performance, but 
they were not applauding that 
They were applauding the legend, 
the memory, the part of their 
youth which, for that , moment, 
they Had touched once more. 

It was not until the cheers had 
died away and the house lights had 
gone up that the sleeper woke. His 
mother led him up the steps and 
out into the hot and sticky New 
York night. At the door hawkers 
were selling Dylan T-shirts. Be- 
yond them, in the darkness, the 
dealers were offering cocaine and 

The University of London began 
life in 1826. Three years earlier, at 
the Crown and Anchor Tavern- in 
the Strand, the London Mechanics 
Institution was founded;;s6 as to 
provide evening education to the 
new-working class. The institution 
began to flourish, and by- 1835 its 
founder. Dr George Birkbeck, had 
the pleasure of observing more, 
than a thousand students in 
attendance — 800 of them being 

In 1866 lhe institution began to 
teach for the London. University 
degree, and decided to name itself 
after the man who created ft. By 
1890 Birkbeck College had .4,000 
students, and counted among its 
graduates Sir Arthur Pinero, An- 
nie Besant, Sidney Webb and. 
Ramsay MacDonald, who was to 
become prime minister and also 
first president of the Friends -df- 
Birkbedc. - 

By 1920 the college was a fully 
integrated part of the University 
of. London, providing for people 
occupied in day-time employment 
a unique opportunity to study for 
degrees at every leveL ’ 

Victorian philanthrophy aimed 
to destroy die proletariat. By the 
ways of selfhelp and self- 
improvement. people were to rise 
from the dregs of society and join 
the new order of mobile artisans. 
Charities were founded in orderto 
offer the first helping hand, and to 
open new and accessible channels 
to advancement. 

Birkbeck's final incorporation 
into the University of London was 
the vindication of. its charitable ' 
purpose: it was. now clear to all 
who came to it that tbe education 
which Birkbeck offered was not 
some cheap substitute, but the real 
thing, and that the student could 
advance by this peculiar route to 
the very advantages from which 
he had supposed himself : ex- 

By and large Victorian philan- 
thropy was successful and the 
urban proletariat dwindled. This 
fact is reflected in Birkbeck's 
present membership: civil ser- 
vants. carpenters, translators, . 
'teachers, roadsweepers. milkmen, 
musicians, nurses and bank clerks 
all gather after hours in Malet 
Street to study subjects both useful 
and sublime. 

A hundred years ago a visitor to 
the college commented favourably 
on its atmosphere, remarking that 
there was “no dawdling or larking 
visible”. If you chanced to visit 
this place today, coming perhaps 
from one of those soulless fac- 
tories of the mind engendered by 
Lord Robbins, you would be 
equally struck- by the absence of 
dawdling or larking, and by the 
prevailing dedication to an ideal 
of learning that is elsewhere in 
decline. i 

For students come to Bhkbeck 
at their own insistence and their 
own expense. They have what in 
sociologese is called “motiv- ' : 
ation” — which is to say that they - 
are not carried like: flotsam on the 
tide ofpuWic charity but strike out 
on a path of their own, towards 
destinations which, however ;dis- 
tant, however irrelevant are cho- 
sen . as their personal 

A tradition of learning depends ' 
upon people giving themselves, in 
this way, to the pursuit of .useless, 
knowledge, just as an economy 
depends on the disposition . of 
people to take hold of their own 

destinies- and to help themselves 
to what they want- Birkbeck is not 
. merely a. product of Victorian 
values: it is also a continuing 
expression of therm and a proof Ql 
: their lasting authority. ' • . ■ • 

Not every product of the-ivui 
century has been equally ben©: 
fitiaL From a glass cupbrond - 
the nearby. University College** 
radiates the spirit of Jeremy 
Beniham — the cheerfiiL improve 
ing rationalist whose maxims 
scroll through the minds of 
bureaucrats, prompting them fo 

' destroy whatever they can find no 
reason to preserve. 

For a century and a halt uie 
Benthamite mentality has domic 
nated the affairs of state, weighing 
. laws, customs and institutions in 
the - balance of . profit, and 
presumptuously assuming the true 
to a wisdom " which no mortal 
. mind can really claim- ‘ 

- Of course, we may now regret 
the fact that educational establish- 
-meats were surrendered to the 
care of a state which seemed W 
offer such generous, protection. 

But until the wholesale de- 
nationalization' of learning, ^ 
universities will depend upon the 
Benthamite jurisdiction of weft 
meaning bureaucrats. 

- ' One such bureaucrat is Sir Peter 
Swtnnerto o-Dyer, chairman of the 
University Grants Committee. 
Having surveyed the affairs of 
London University, Sir Peter 
finds no special reason -for the 
fiscal privileges enjoyed by Birk- 
beck. Why. he asks, should part? 
time students in London tafe 
“better-resourced” than those 
elsewhere? (Other universities, as- 
ter all have, found it “cost- 
effective" to share .'resources 

. between part-time and full-time 
students.) ' 

However hard ' he looks. Sir 
Peter cannot discern that speria) 
reason which would entitle Biric- 
beck to survive and flourish in ft$ 
customary manner, arid if no g 
reason can be given for- fa t 
survival why should it survive?.; 

Benthamite rationality has sur- 
vived the onslaught of Coleridge 
Carlyle, Arnold, Ruskin and 
Lea vis- For there seems to be no 
way. whereby the chasm, can" hie 
bridged, between those who see 
the world as replete with intrinsic 
values and those who find nothing 
significant save the long-term 
profit and the. loss. 

That bureaucracies are inhab- 
ited by people of the second kind 
lies in the nature of. things. 
Nevertheless, one thought shoufo. 
be considered by those who would 
resist tiie tyranny of instrumental 
reasoning. - - > 

• Institutions are not things bur f 
persons: they have a life, a will and 
a responsibility of their own. Their 
death is always , a matter of 
concern both to themselves and JO 
.those who have joined with thefn 
in friendship. And oar attitude to 
a person should respect not just 
his present and his future, but also 
his. past For ft is by tire past that 
his meritstan be understood anti 
measured. - - • £ 

So it is with Birkbeck College; 
an institution whose place in the 
history of England entities it non 
justto the affection of those with 
whom it has entered into friend? 
drip, but also to the respect of 
those on whom the future of 
British education depends. 

The author is professor of aesthet- 

ics at Birkbeck College 

Parliament has now disintegrated 
for the summer recess, so we can 
look forward to a couple of relaxed 
months without government. 
First, though, let's look back at the 
past 12 wonderful months at 
Westminster, with a compilation 
entitled: ... 

Speaker: Could we begin by 
testing the microphones, please? 
Chorus: Shame! Resign! Horror! 
Boo! Hefler! Skinner! Ram! Rave! 
Mindless Baying Noises! Strange 
Public School Tribal Chants! 
Speaker Order, order! Thank you 
very much. Carry on. please. 
Don't mind me. 

Eric Back-Bencher (Tory MP for 
Dalyell): As a supplementary 
question, might I enquire if the 
PM realizes in what high esteem 
many of us hold her. believing her 
to be the wisest and most saintly 
woman who' has ever lived? 
Thatcher: And yet the most 
dete rmined . 

Back-Bencher: Sorry, yes. And yet 
the most determined. 

Thatcher: Really! There is little 
point in giving you a supple- 
mentary question if you- cannot 
even read it out properly. 
Back-Bencher: Fra sorry. I said 
I'm sorry. • - 

-Leon Brittan: I wonder if I 
could . . ? 

Nigel Lawson (Chancellor): Turn- 
ing now to tobacco, spirits, per- 
fumes and little pocket 
calculators. I propose to regularize 
the tax position in duty-free shops, 
at airports and to impose the 
fullest possible duty from now 
on — yes. even on cigars. 

Thatcher: You’ll do no such thing. 
Lawson: But not in tire foreseeable 

Michael Foot (MR for part of 
South WaksfcAnd. furthermore, 
to continue a sentence which I see 
that I started when I was leader of 
the Opposition, furthermore, does 
the Prime Minisier realize with 
what horror, nay, abhorrence, nay, 
indignation, does the Prime Min- 

ister realize, in brief, with whifl 
disgust v, 

NeO Kinnock (MP for tire rest of 

' Sooth .Wales): ... or indeed with 
what stupefaction, lo continue the 
sentence of my predecessor ajgi 
. carrying it .on like a beacon, -a 
torch burning in the wilderness, 
does the Prime Minister realize 
with what detestation, with what 
loathing, the world at large views 
her inability to apologize for 
• anything? - 

Thatcher If I had anything to 
apologize for, I would do sa Mavd 
refer the Right Honourable gentle- 
man to. the previous answer 1 gave 
to this question? -i 

KJnnocfc It is the same answer you 
have given to all the other- 
questions I ask! . 

Thatchen. But you always ask. the 
f^.- ques S ion - ( Eruer Michael 
in ca,n °uflage 
battledrcss and waving a machiniy 

Bnttm: May I jlBt 

HeseUme: Cry God for England. 
Maggie and Westland HelitSpSsi 
Thal< *«5 On the other hand, .a 

earned Jrom the Chamber) ^ 

Turn rtal.Fall /> 

aw £5=5 s 

the very torpedo thff^ *** ^ 

to his egof' ***** br «*z 



; pjg'fe 

°n ofuS a C SS 


\en. pJjuy. *«SS 
^ — n, ^fii „> f-oL? 

',’h nal ™ 5 

i^ugh !?“* js. 

*hai C v er 7i2f B ® i£> 




,sd0n > ’vS nin 8UtS 

an nan-. Cl'S n ° |JS 

a ur&e, «_ c,11, n. ^ 

tha *‘educS ^9*. 

a , &Iate ^S red n 




- hfi i beS^of-u s Tbe Queen’s advisers had a 
' r ° m a* «quaiS?A difficult decision to make be- 
3rb i. &■* s,r wil,ian i Heseltine 

' th = spiriJ^rSa » wiie his letter to 77re 

Urm S® « ft T/mes-denying the alleged rift 
. h " a!, si E ul <J *■ between Palace and Downing 
S ugh ihc Street They could either d6 

u nothing, a course that is always 

inpr^Ui^Sj ^tractive to bureaucrats, a 

a Sj fVe - worse that would certainly 

leave Mr Michael Shea in ah 
afaiUJJny CH uncomfortably ambiguous po- 

Wo m s anii ***** fltion but one dial would also 

a bnec 0 r IQsii ujSS help the story of the rift to die ‘ 

p,u °usiv PntfiL^ for lack of fresh sustenance. Or 

' ,s dom .they -could instead make an 

l?. rea!l > claim ^ *2 fcctraordfnary intervention 

■??' Ue ma!-' through - a letter from the 

l‘f r ‘ educ aUr;j! ' Queen’s Private Secretary, an 
a « a , Surren *rtd^ intervention that would break 

urh ^ wh, ch precedent would give some 

tjiiJ , h " tr °us JJJJj protection to Mr Shea, but 
Station "^SeJ would, inevitably revive the 
‘ties win h ° r l eam£ story for many days to come. 
*-i'i juiiJS?* 1 “nil. ' - -.They chose the latter course. 

5 b u- r eaticraisL J *As a result one of the most 

bureau^, • P . Sensitively-placed civil ser- 

-on-D\ er chair^^ vants. in the land is linked to a 

S! ’> Grams 35fc bizarresequence of events that 

. s J r 'e>«i Uieg^ 1 ™ay or. may not betoken a 

c- sn? VfiTsili * Sri* -breach, of constitutional 

n\ S? 1 reas °“ fcrS propriety but can no longer be 

v h-, h?^-' 0yed by b regarded, as a disagreement 

iiwirais 3 ** 5, sfl °iildJJ between a press officer and a 

"'■'sourced" 1 k newspaper reporter. Sir 
w (Other n-i'T 1 . William’s name is now firmly 

• -'■- found m frame. The full force of 

c 10 shart !Lj? ijiat office, is now behind the 

1 ?an-iin,e and S? proposition that an experi- 

; ' enced journalist grossly dis- 

:He: ham he I,,,*,, torted the utterances of the 

■^not discern that ij Queen’s- Press Secretary. The 

i‘kn uouid eniiftt holder of that office is also 

s “‘ ^ 3nd flourish^, stating that for several hours 

can he ner ' and if i P n th e afternoon of July 1 9 he 

ii whs dL£? 61 * ^as aware that that distortion 

ta^:re raiiomdnjta^ ^ ** T . he 

.V onslaught Of gES Swtoy Times was preparing 

• *™ici. RusiiT* JD publish the results of its 
For there seems a h distorted understanding, and 

hereby the chasm ca k "that he did nothing about it 

^ueen those wfao s 'because he believed his action 
■ 1 o replete with mtnj ;would have little effect 
t;f irwse w h p find oo% “ He charges the editor of The 

i r : , “ v * die * oa Wj ^Sunday Times with not check- 
'^1' ing the story personally. That 

^ a n™* of Atonal 

:r. r e" nature of% ^? na ^® en ^ “ il ® rs 
" : though! 3 .responsible for the stones that 

,j- -■:* bi :nose*how3 Stfiey :,do not check themselves 

i f.ranrj otiosBunori 'as tfie ohes that they do. But 
rc while Mr Neil was preparing 

an r.jj [flings he- .story in the. belief that it 
7.3.itbid.a*i0oi Jwd been fully checked with 
v r oi :cii;iwn.Tha ^the original source and met the 
-. 2su3}$ i mut d '^standards required for his 
■„ v i". :tf:! fS l 3?£ ’newspaper. Sir William 
Heseltine stayed silent in the 

1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 





found it 

* C 10 share L* 


v ' ve: ha rd he la*, , 
^noi discern ,& 

‘ * hCT tt °uld eniift |l 
^ n^ndilourSS 
' J ^, n 7n ?" ner - and if! 

' va J ^ gi'en for! 

car at* 

>•. For iheif seems (oK 
chasm a! 
those nfu* 

: r'c a*, replete mthnmjj 

>J7.Z those who find o% 

c “ r: the kuta 

•ir.^ th- loss. 

t'lir-iucracies air 
• r.v?-e of lite second W 
•r :f.e nature of % 
"i one thoughidadj 

' ■■J-.r-.-d r, :nose#iKni«i 

: - i r.rsnrj ofinsmanenal 

are i-Jt thn^hif 
-> r.a.e2bte.a«iHaad 
y-"vr:!::y oissmLlki 

-. jiuays i maw d 

— v: :d rhemsdiesandi 
..r-.r- hi. -.r. joined ailhiha 
And our atwudci 
v? sreuid respKt DtNjfi 
vc.: and his liiiure.luifco 
•>: ?cr ;s b> ihepaato 
• v --::s can be unaerswW 

knowledge that Mr Neil's 
belief was false. 

At best his behaviour was 
defeatist — scarcely worthy of 
the sovereign's protector. 
There are other interpretations 
loo. In every pub or club in the 
country you can find establish- 
ment conspiracy theorists vy- 
ing for attention against 
mordant critics of the evil 
ways of journalists. This whole 
episode is bad for the Queen, 
tod for the Prime Minister, 
bad for the country. And it has 
not ended yet. 

So far the politicians have 
remained mostly silent. For 
Labour and Alliance it is an 
anti-Thatcher show to savour. 
Why get into the circus ring 
when you can safely watch 
from the stalls? For Conser- 
vative critics of the Prime 
Minister the rumour that the 
Queen shared their doubts has 
been like some monstrous 
caged beast. They have long 
enjoyed wondering at it's 
power. But now that it has 
escaped they are fearful of its 
electoral effects. 

For the Prime Minister it 
leaves a problem that is in 
every way appalling. She too is 
being advised to keep silent 
and to do nothing — both by 
her senior colleagues in the old 
guard of the party and by her 
more trusted friends and 
admirers on the right of the 
party. Such an alliance of 
forces is unusual. She has little 
option but to accept their 
conclusion but, for future ref- 
erence, she would do well to 
examine their reasoning with 

The establishment case 
(articulated on Sunday by that 
guru of grandees and Provost 
of the Queen's College, Ox- 
ford, Lord Blake) is that if all 
about them were “to keep their 
heads and say as little as 
possible, the whole affair will 
probably blow over”. The 
radical case is that the Prime 
Minister need do nothing be- 
cause in any clash between 
Queen and Prime Minister, 
the British people would put 
its elected leader before its 
hereditary monarch. 

The first group has its head 
in the clouds — where a whiff 
of insincerity lurks. The 

r i:'^!!;SLS2 f|yer since the Si no-Soviet rift constant liability i 
v - ::s u-n w -njeraooo aquarter of a century ago, the dealings with t 

v: u .,_ p.rUKrtCdto Orient has been one of the world. It is one o 

^.•c-in’ahoK place in* successful areas for So- big obstacles" to 
r,' Vi' I'tiandenudBMi »et foreign policy. While So- tions with Chin* 
oiibox* yiet influence may have example of Sovie 

entered mio Attended into Africa, into the which can be cited 

the rafttj Caribbean, even into parts of to all Soviet ci 

•- to fount £ ffie Middle East and the South Western behavioi 
depends- . pacific, the East (from all the combat e 

. ,-v: v^ ir i' **. r 4^fghanistan to Japan) has provides for the ! 

v.’* C-w toen an area of frustration and tary, it is a draii 

— ' Tailure. resources and 

»'• On coming to office, both “bleeding wound’ 

jp§ KinS*™ • Yuri Andropov and now his Mr Gorbachov. 

— — — likeminded successor, Mikhail In military term: 

Gorbachov, have taken the leader’s Afghanisft 

U TT East as a priority: an area of is a gesture, bi 

M i 111 considerable potential in ur- expensive one. Th 

X gem need of a fresh approach, to be withdrawn 

Aspects of this fresh approach only seven per ceni 

have emerged piece by piece — Soviet strength in i 

Yl r*T 1 new specialist advisers, new They are not cruc 

11 V ambassadors, high-level visits, tary terms, espet 

„ u, ;e f ♦I** propaganda initiatives, hints three are air defenc 

, jo speeches — for more than a and the Afghan 

, Mpfw year. Now, during a speech in have no air power. 

K T r *‘ K V the port of Vladivostok in the But it was it 

Soviet Far East, the Soviet aspect of the pla 

' Teader has begun to fit some of drawal that Mr 

: V :-r pieces together. stressed, the good 

in *, f It is understandable that And here the timir 
; t vi-ji «*» ^Western attention should have before the next ro 

„• attr^ted. perhaps dis- sponsored talks o 

-. ' tracted, by Mr Gorbachov’s stan opens, was i 

-> ,0 “ r , announced intention of Nonetheless, Me 

i ujj withdrawing six raiments hardly be accuse 

J-' from Afehanistan. That is trying. Two mont 

" Indeed an important part of the eve of the las 

' ' .{yir Gorbachov’s m^sage, but such talks, the Afgh 

.-jirf is only a part. And it is all the Babrak Karmal - 
I ^ ^ more significant for that For nficed to make wa 

' - :y , ; the Soviet leader’s speech be- leader intended, i 

-frayed an effort to see the East sume, to make t 

... T • V, r.;v ; ^ "both as a strat^ic whole and as backed regim 
' . ~ containing a number of acceptable (to Al 

■ ^ impediments to the Soviet others alike). 

' « Union’s global foreign policy That it will take 

1 ■ .which could, with time and a grand gestures to 

. iV fiitle patience, be capable of future of Afghanis 

solution. have been apparei 

,'. A Afghanistan is one of the cow for the past si 
■■ .. ^ ^-greater impediments to Soviet though the gestun 

■' , £r "foreign policy. It has soured grander and the toi 

■ . *and continues to sour East- righteous than in tr 

; jyest relations. It has proved a if it is ever to be 

Mature of design aS&Trf ^ 

s ; . J . From Dr J. J. Shenkman faced with ihe proble 

. ,r & i iSr. I was most interested to read in q p. Snow's Two C 

iSi ! h i -rfie letter from the Chairman of j n Andrew Sinclair’s 
f -,rthe Design Counal and others -fhe Red and the Blue 

■: . Looked at another 1 

' appr^tion of the significance of riddle^ the relations 

■ . . ''demand its subsequent neglect the mjufie me ^ 

. , f *TmlS educational systems. • ics. Without solv/ 

v ‘ 1 think the reason is much explamingil r "rhS£ 

. ;* • : N : V: ’• -deeper. No one understands what man on thc Clapha 

i: ■ ‘ ‘>y ■'aSSt is- «> now it has been ae- could understand-il 

; ; ;v ‘-cepted that it is a combination of conww* 

lesJKington , 

U Hob 


.. j-tnef.* 1 ** 

- : " r The'MZ 

1 .- • - .... >n *l>» . 

•• . MJ 5«*1 



..... me “ 


: constant liability in Moscow’s 

■ dealings with the Islamic 
world. It is one of the “three 
big obstacles" to better rela- 
tions with China. It is an 
example of Soviet aggression 
which can be cited in response 
to all Soviet criticisms of 
Western behaviour. And for 
all the combat experience it 
provides for the Soviet mili- 
tary, it is a drain on Soviet 
resources and morale: a 
“bleeding wound”, to quote 
Mr Gorbachov. 

In military terms, the Soviet 
leader’s Afghanistan initiative 
is a gesture, but not an 
expensive one. The regiments 
to be withdrawn constitute 
only seven per cent of the total 
Soviet strength in the country. 
They are not crucial in mili- 
tary terms, especially since 
three are air defence regiments 
and the Afghan mujahidin 
have no air power. 

But it was the political 
aspect of the planned with- 
drawal that Mr Gorbachov 
stressed, the goodwill factor. 
And here tbe timing, two days 
before the next round of UN 
sponsored talks on Afghani- 
stan opens, was transparent. 
Nonetheless, Moscow can 
hardly be accused of not 
trying. Two months ago, on 
the eve of the last round of 
such talks, the Afghan ieader- 
Babrak Karmal - was sac- 
rificed to make way for a new 
leader intended, we can as- 
sume. to make the Soviet- 
backed regime more 
acceptable (to Afghans and 
others alike). 

That it will take more than 
grand gestures to settle the 
future of Afghanistan should 
have been apparent to Mos- « 
cow for the past seven years, 
though the gestures are now 
grander and the tone less self- i 
righteous than in the past. But 
• if it is ever to be solved, the 

Espied that it is a combination or 
the solutions ' to the technical 
^problems of production and use as 
well as a degree of aesthetic 

To pursue it further results in a 
dichotomy of thought. One is 
faced with the problem described 
in C P- Snow's Two Cultures or as 
in Andrew Sinclair’s recent book 
The Red and the Blue. 

Looked at another way, it is the 
riddle of the relationship between 
the scientific method and aesthet- 
ics. Without solving it and 
explaining it in such a way that the 
man on the Clapham omnibus 
could understand, it is difficult to 
convince ourselves, let alone the 
young, of the importance of 

Having myself taught young- 

problem of Afghanistan has to 
be set in its wider international 
context, as one aspect of the 
complexion of East-West and 
Far Eastern relations. Mr 
Gorbachov’s speech yesterday 
suggested, distantly, that he 
was beginning to appreciate 
that fact. 

Which is where, idio- 
syncratic though it seems, the_ 
other new aspect of Mr 
Gorbachov's Far Eastern pol- 
icy fits in: the likely reduction 
in the number of Soviet troops 
stationed in Mongolia. The 
size of the Soviet military 
presence there is the second of 
China’s “three big obstacles” 
to improved Sino-Soviet rela- 
tions. It is also the one which 
has traditionally been regarded 
by outsiders as the smallest, 
given Mongolia's present state 
of subservience to Moscow. 

Missing from the Soviet 
leader's speech in Vladivostok 
was the third element nec- 
essary for any Sino-Soviet 
rapprochement: Indochina. 
After a diplomatic flurry last 
year, a pledge by Vietnam to 
quit Cambodia within five 
years, and an attempted dip- 
lomatic offensive by Vietnam 
towards the non-Soviet worid, 
Moscow seems temporarily to 
have given up on Vietnam, 
awaiting perhaps the eventual 
demise of its new, octogenar- 
ian leader. 

In the next few days and 
weeks, the Soviet leader's 
Vladivostok speech is likely to 
be judged by the worth of its 
overture on Afghanistan. But 
in years to come, whether a 
solution to the Afghan impasse 
has been found or not, it may 
be seen rather as a seminal 
document of the Gorbachov 
Far Eastern policy and perhaps 
the first plank in a rather 
rickety bridge across the Us- 
suri to China — and to a world 
less congenial to the WesL 

published on cabinet making, 
been trained in the medical sci- 
ences and treated severely men- 
tally disturbed patients, intuition 
tells me that there is a relation- 
ship. and when this is defined it 
will profoundly alter Western 

The explanation of design will 
automatically follow. 

Yours faithfully. 



Church Road. 

Long hchington. 

Nr Rugby'. 



‘The Sunday Times’ and the Palace 

present position is no use to 
Mrs Thatcher. One must 
remember the pleasure that so 
many took in her weakening 
after the Westland Affair. 

The second has its head in 
the sand — where old nostrums 
lie dedicated and desperately 
short of life. Confident asser- 
tions that were perhaps true in 
the aftermath of the Falklands 
conflict are fundamentally 
false today. Political life is led 
on a moving staircase. One is 
either going up - and sweeping 
up all in one’s train or going 
down, dodging the missiles as 
best one can. 

The Prime Minister has not 
yet turned the comer after a 
cala mitous political year. She 
has taken a battering from the 
events of the past week; and 
she has taken it from a source 
that even she cannot fighL 
Suggestions that she might 
threaten resignation on this 
issue and immediately rally 
the nation behind her are 
fantasies from the realms of 
right wine dreams 

The Palace is powerless to 
make amends for its part in 
this sorry affair. It might sack 
Mr Shea. It would be just for it 
do so. Butfor the Prime Min- 
ister the head of a courtier 
would be no help. It could 
even reinforce the reputation 
for bloody-mindedness that is 
at the heart of her present 

Her long-term difficulties 
look worse and worse - 
though not insoluble yet. In the 
short-term the most important 
aim on all sides must be to 
ensure that the Government 
policy which set these extraor- 
dinary events in motion — the 
struggle with the Common- 
wealth over South African 
sanctions — is not damaged by 
their impact. President 
Kaunda must not be allowed 
to think that suggestions of 
royal sympathy with his views 
will avail him one whit In 
private, and most particularly 
in the public and semi-public 
events that will surround the 
London conference. Her Maj- 
esty and Her Majesty’s min- 
isters (all her ministers) must 
put on a performance of unity 
that gives not the slightest 
scope for misunderstanding. 

From the Editor of Tbe Sunday 

Sir. Sir William Heseltine's letter 
from Holyroodhouse today ad- 
mits but lien seeks to obscure a 
number of essential points to 
which The Sunday Times drew 
attention yesterday in its report of 
the events leading to the publica- 
tion of two articles on July 20 on 
the Queen's alarm at Government 

It is now officially admitted for 
the first time that Mr Michael 
Shea, the Queen's Press Secretary, 
was sufficiently involved with the 
preparation of our July 20 feature 
article for us to read the article 
back to him. We have said from 
the start that aQ of it was read. Sir 
William now says only parts of it. 
Bui when Mr Sbea contacted me 
the day after publication be made 
no complaint that he had been 
duped in the reading back of the 
feature story. His complaint was 
that wc had taken the contents of 
I be feature story and made un- 
warranted conclusions from them 
in the page 1 story. Of course wc 
reject that too, but it is a quite 
different allegation from the one 
Sir William now makes eight days 

Sir William does not say which 
part we are supposed to have 
missed out. Certainly not the 
section on the US raid on Libya. 
Tbe feature article said the Queen 
was “furious” about iL Mr Shea' 
told us that was too strong. It was 
the only one of Mr Shea’s several 
suggesuons about wording that we 
forgot to make. But we did correct 
it on the page t story, which said 
the Queen had “misgivings”. I 
give this example because I want 
nobody to be in any doubt about 
the extent to which a senior figure 
in the Palace was involved in the 
preparation of the article; 

Sir William accepts that be and 
the Prime Minister's secretary 
knew from lunchtime on July 19 
the main elements of our front- 
page article based on the feature, 
but did nothing to try to prevent 

Sir William's explanation is the 
astonishing and unwarranted 
assertion that we would have 
ignored any representation the 
Palace might have made to us. He 
has absolutely no basis for saying 
that. We have never met and have 
never had any professional deal- 
ings. On the only occasion when 
the Palace has asked me to change 
something prior to publication - 
an interview with Prince Charles - 
I complied. If Sir William or Mr 
Shea had made representations to 
me let nobody be in any doubt 
that, given the crucial nature of 
tbe subject, I would have re- 
sponded positively. But they 
chose not to. By Sir William’s own 
admission, the charge of neg- 
ligence now lies firmly with tbe 

Mr Shea was in no doubt of tbe 
impact our front-page story would 
have and contributed to it as late 
as 1 lam Saturday morning. This, 
and the Palace's failure to make 
representations throughout the 
afternoon, was the reason we 
refused to publish the Palace 
denial of our story issued at 
9.30pm that night At no time did 
Mr Shea make even private 
repre sen tations to us once tbe 
Prime Minister’s private secretary 
had expressed Downing Street’s 

Sanctions debate 

From Mr Ronald Wans 
Sir, One of the most dirappointing 
aspects of the current sanctions 
, debate is that it has completely 
1 overshadowed the possibility of 
| taking other measures that could 
1 assist in changing the South 
African situation. 

On a recent visit to Gaborone, 

| the capital of Botswana. 1 noted 
that many houses: even ra rel- 
atively poor areas, have television 
aerials. All these televisions are 
directed to South Africa, since 
Botswana does not have a tele- 
vision station. Surely the 
Commonwealth could devise 
ways to assist Botswana and other 
SADCC (Southern African 
Development Co-ordination Con- 
ference) countries in developing 
their mass media. 

Marriage vows 

From the Reverend D. C. Hannam 
Sir. 1 find Mrs McGroiy’s tetter 
(July 21) quite extraordinary. By 
the law of England marriages must 
be conducted in public the taking 
of the vows must be observed by 
at least two witnesses, who sign 
the register to confirm thaf they 
were duly taken. 

As a young priest I found it 
incongruous that the bride and 
groom should be feeing me while 
making vows to each other, and 
started asking them to face each 
other. Surely this is the right and 
proper thing? 1 note that the 

The past in focus 

From Mr James Pickering 
Sir. Understandably, the letter 
from the director of 'the Associ- 
ation of Rural Scotland in your 
issue of July 15 on the use of air 
photographs for archaeology, is 
based on a misconception. 
Archaeologists themselves have 
yet to grasp the essential difference 
between aerial photography and 
aerial archaeology. 

Aerial archaeology identifies 
subjects during aerial study and 
makes specific photographic 
records of specific observations. 
This study contributes 99.9 per 
cent of the new evidence, and by 
its means countless unsuspected 
buried sites and features have 
been and are being recorded. 

Little of this new buried ev- 
idence (some of it visible only 
once in decades), which is already 

iti-m Tfi tmv»« areater than 

concern ax our intended publica- 
tion of views attributed to sources 
dose to tbe Queen. Sir William's 
quotation ofa subsidiary headline, 
“The story they could not kill”, in 
our July 27 issue as evidence of 
our attitude is patently absurd. 
How can he use a headline which 
had not even been published to 
justify bis inaction that Saturday 

The events prior to publication 
on July 20 are what matter. Why 
did we bother to read anything 
back to the Palace if we were 
contemptuous of its views and 
mindless of our reputation? 
Would we have bothered to seek 
Palace approval for only pan of 
the feature article, knowing tbe 
Palace would then immediately 
deny the front-page story it had 
foreknowledge of based on the 
whole article? Furthermore, had 
we been as devious as Sir William 
implies, would we have alerted 
Downing Street to the contents - 
all the contents - of the front-page 
article seven hours before publica- 
tion. knowing that the Prime 
Minister’s office was likely to 
contact Buckingham Palace well 
in time to influence our decision 
whether or not to publish? 

At no time has The Sunday 
Times inferred that her Majesty 
was party to or aware of any of the 
attitudes being attributed to her. 
Nor did we claim there was a 
constitutional crisis; we said the 
opposite and gave warning against 
it in tbe editorial column. 

For some time, however, 
unattribu table briefings and guid- 
ance have been given to various 
journalists by the Palace which 
clearly distance the altitudes of the 
Royal Family from tbe Thatcher 
Government Articles reporting 
that have appeared in publications 
as varied as The Economist and 
Today. But the sourcing of this 
information has always been left 
suitably vague. At The Sunday 
Times we thought it more honest 
to be more specific about our 
sources: that seems to have been 
our crime. 

Sir William claims that Mr Shea 
is not in a position to know the 
Queen's opinions on Government 
policy. In that case why was Mr 
Shea briefing usat all? He knew we 
were preparing an article purely 
political in ns scope. Mr Shea is 
the official voice of the Queen and 
newspapers have always worked 
on tbe premiss that he speaks 
authoritatively about her. 

It is difficult to avoid the 
conclusion that those in tbe Palace 
who knew about The Sunday 
Times articles before their public- 
ation, who provided guidance for 
them and who failed to use the 
ample opportunity they had to 
undo the damage were playing 
with fire and did not have the wit 
to blow it out before it burned 
them, and, more grievously, re- 
flected upon her Majesty’s 
constitutional position. 

The original Palace denial of the 
story as being “entirely without 
foundation” can no longer be 
sustained, even on Sir William’s 
own testimony. 

Yours feithfully, 


The Sunday Times, 

PO Box 481, 

Virginia Street, El. 

July 28. 

A regional radio and TV station 
could be developed that would 
promote co-operation between 
SADCC countries and at the same 
time project a better image of life 
under majority rule to white South 
■ Africans. 

Internally it is more difficult to 
counter Government propaganda, 
although the American Chamber 
of Commerce has recently made a 
brave attempt to influence white 
opinion with a major advertising 
campaign. This approach does at 
least recognise the feet that the 
main factor restricting more rapid 
change is white public opinion. 
Yours sincerely, 


Maes-yr-egjwys Farm. 



July 17. 

Alternative Service Book pre- 
scribes iL It incidentally means 
that the congregation can see the 
joined hands, and I have often had 
favourable comments on this. 

The wedding guests have come 
not to gawp but to support them 
with their presence and their 
prayers, and are pleased to be 
witnesses of this most solemn 

Yours feithfully. 


2 Holway Cottages. 

The Mall, 



July 21. 

that of visible surface of features, 
has been incorporated into the 
archaeological ethos. 

Archaeology started to develop 
as a study when researchers in 
other fields applied their expertise 
to archaeological subjects. It be- 
came fossilised when it absorbed 
the narrow professional chauvin- 
ism of all-embracing expertise. 
Yours truly. 


Elmtree Drive. 

Hinckley. Leicestershire. 

July 1 7. 

From the Secretary of the Royal 
Commission on Ancient and 
Historical Monuments of Scot land 
Sir. Mr R. L- Smith (July 15) is 
wrong to assume that no provision 
exists for the co-ordination of the 
collection and interpretation of air 
photographs data in the service of 
British archaeology. 

Full records of vertical photos- 

Patients’ choice 
in name-calling 

From Dr T. Van der Cammen 
Sir. J read with interest the letter 
from Dr N. G. B. Hersey (July 21). 

in the department of geriatric 
medicine at Hither Green Hos- 
pital we recently conducted a 
survey of how elderly patients 
would like to be addressed while 
on the ward. Of 106 elderly 
patients interviewed, 64 chose io 
be addressed by their first name, 
33 by any other name such as a 
middle name, and only nine by 
their surname. This result was 

I now feel that asking patients 
how they wish to be addressed 
should tie standard practice on 
admission to hospital, thereby 
leaving the choice to tbe patient, 
rather than adhering to rigid 
guidelines laid down by the Royal 
College of Nursing. 

Yours feithfullv. 

T. Van der CAMMEN. 

Hither Green Hospital, 

Hither Green Lane, SE13. 

July 22. 

From Mr John Wright 
Sir. I am surprised that in the 
correspondence about using first 
names, no one has mentioned the 
use of initials for senior executives 
in commerce — J. R. Ewing being a 
well-known example. From my six 
years' experience in a commercial 
firm, between Government 
appointments, it seemed to me 
that the reason for this lay in the 
looser structure of commercial 
firms, where relative status was 
less well defined than in Govern- 
ment and tbe Services. 

People were uncertain whether 
they should refer to (he managing 
director by his Christian name or 
as Mr So-and-so; and the use of bis 
initials provided the perfect — and 
safer — solution. 

Yours faithfully. 


Webbs Farmhouse, 

West Wittering, 

Chichester, West Sussex. 

July 21 

Art and advertising 

From Mr David Parker 
Sir, Bernard Richards (feature, 
July 19) is cross because Sir 
Michael Hordern uses Blake's 
words about England’s “green and 
pleasant land” in an advertise- 
ment for Fisons. Blake, he re- 
minds us, was an enemy of the 
forces of industry and utilitari- 
anism. Fisons and its advertising 
agency, in contrast, are trying to 
make money. 

Perhaps he should have ex- 
plained how the integrity of 
Blake's text, and the admiration of 
dear-minded Blake lovers, can be 
affected by the advertisemenL A 
great writer gives words and 
images to speakers of his language, 
which become, tokens for use in 
whatever transaction the speakers 
choose, and which as such enrich, 
the culture of the community. 

There is a more profound 
objection, however, to these 
vapourings. What is the likelihood 
of the people of this country 
coming to recognize its predica- 
ment. when a fellow of Biasenose 
continues to insist that its culture 
is not something to be meddled 
with by people with din under 
their finger-nails? 

Does Dr Richards suppose the 
comfortable and absorbing life led 
by fellows of Brasenose is paid for 
with money untainted by the 
forces of industry and utilitari- 
anism? Does he suppose he can 
earn the odd fee from Wapping 
without abetting such forces? 
Yours faithfully. 


The Dickens House Museum, 

48 Doughty Street. WCI. 

Great Western 

From the Director of the British 
Maritime League 
Sir. Isambard Kingdom Brunei’s 
third ship, the 18,914 tons Great 
Eastern (Dr Greenhill’s letter, July 
19) was indeed the largest ship 
afloat in I860. However, the first 
steam-driven purpose-built At- 
lantic liner was his wooden paddle 
steamer. Great Western (1,321 
tons), which established a regular 
passenger service in 1838, was the 
first to prove that a vessel could 
carry sufficient fuel for so long a 
powered voyage, and established a 
westbound record of 8.7 knots 
(raised by 1842 to 10.99 knots 

Richard Branson raised the 
record last month to 36.63 knots. 
Dare one challenge someone to 
build a new self-sufficient ship, no 
larger than the Great Western, to 
beat Branson's or any later record 
during 1988? 

Yours faithfully. 

The British Maritime League, 

19 Bevis Marks. EC3. 

July 18. 

raphy taken by the RAF and 
various commercial or govern- 
ment agencies are maintained by 
the Central Registers of Air 
Photography in England. Scotland 
and Wales, and readily available 
for consultation by all interested 

As wide as possible a sample of 
photography of this kind, together 
with expert advice about its 
significance, is also available to 
the public and the profession 
through the National Monuments 

I understand that this view 
represents that of my colleagues in 
the English and Welsh Commis- 

Yours faithfully, 

JOHN G. DUNBAR. Secretary, 
Tbe Royal Commission on the 
Ancient and Historical Monu- 
ments of Scotland. 

54 Melville Street, Edinburgh. 

July 21. 


JULY 29 1918 

The jiutmey from Moscow to 
Vladivostok took the party 27 
days. On April 2 they reached 
their destination, having travelled 
via Omsk, Irkutsk. Chita and 
Khabarovsk. At Vladivostok a 
British cruiser was anchored in 
the bay waiting to take them 
home. The writer of the article utas 
an Englishwoman who had been 
serving with the Russian Red 




A grating and a creaking, a 
violent jerk, and our train lum- 
bered heavily into the night, bound 
for Siberia, the unknown land of 
mystery. After long delay in Mos- 
cow, a fourth- class carriage had 
been conceded to us. a party of 33 
English, by the Bolshevists. A 
fourth-class carriage in former 
times might often have been seen 
on the Eastern railways, making 
for Siberia, overflowing with emi- 
grating peasantry' or convicts and 
exiles. A high, wooden, corridor- 
car. consisting of six compart- 
ments with sleeping places for nine 
in each compartment, no doors and 
the bed-boards, when pulled up for 
sleeping purposes, opening all com- 
partments to full view of each 

Small iron stoves at either end of 
the corridor were our only means of 
heating the car and cooking any 
available food. Night and day tbe 
men of our party took it in turns to 
be “on duty,” two serving twelve 
hours at a stretch. Their duties 
were to see that the stove-fires 
were kept burning, that the supply 
of wood did not fail, and most 
important, that no-one boarded 
the car without permission. A 
great drawback was the scarcity of 
water: sometimes it was evening 
before we could have our morning 
cup of tea. and. in spite of the 
indescribable dust and dirt that 
adhered to everybody and every- 
thing in the “coal-scuttle”, as we 
had nicknamed our car, even hand- 
washing on some days was strictly 
forbidden. When approaching a 
station we would stand on the 
gangway, equipped with every type 
of bottle, jug and can imaginable, 
ready for the wild rush of kipiatok 
(hot water), which unfortunately 
so seldom met with success. During 
the first part of our journey we 
suffered considerably from the 
cold, especially at night The heat 
would concentrate under the car- 
roof to such an extent that some of 
the men, whose berths were 
“aloft,” were obliged to descend to 
cool themselves on the ground 
floor, nor would they believe that 
the occupants of the lower berths 
were sometimes unable to sleep on 
account of the cold. One morning 
the milk in a bottle placed by a lady 
under her pillow the previous 
evening, was found frozen into a 
solid mass , . . 

Once over the Urals came our 
first disagreeable encounter with 
the Red Guards. Evidently the 
small Union -Jacks and printed 
notices, bearing the British Con- 
sulate stamps, on the windows 
failed to awe them. They made a 
rush for our carriage, believing a 
fair booty theirs for the taking. An 
Englishman met them and barred 
their way. An uproar ensued and 
after some fiery words were ex- 
changed they managed to board the 
car en masse. Their surprise, 
however, was great when, instead 
of finding, as they expected, a car 
foil of Russian officers, they saw a 
party of women and children. 
Somewhat crestfallen they looked 
around for an object on which to 
vent their wrath. They found the 
luggage. Why was the heavy lug- 
gage with us in the car, when it 
ought to be in the luggage-van? 
What excess of baggage had we 
paid? All luggage must be instantly 
examined and fire-arms confiscat- 
ed. No fire-arms were found, and 
the contents of the boxes seemed to 
mollify them for. muttering 
“misunderstanding” they with- 
drew sheepishly — 

The days went by happily 
enough, the children (five, all 
under 10, and a baby in arms) 
providing plenty of diversion. One 
little giri would sit for hours 
singing in her quaint, baby voice. 
One of her favourite songs was “It's 
a wong, wong way to Wadiwostok, 
it's a wong way to go.” In the 
evenings by the uncertain light of a 
flickering candle we would sit and 
talk over past events and future 
possibilities. Many a regret would 
be voiced for the innumerable 
"might-have-beens” of Russia, and 
looking on the vast un -populated 
tracts of Siberia, on tbe immense 
unexplored forests, our imagina- 
tions would call forth this land in 
the future, and it would rise before 
us in all its grandeur — a veritable 
Canada of the East, a land of 
unlimited possibilities ■ . . 

Setting to rights 

From Mr T. J. Sutton 
Sir. 1 have just returned from a 
scientific meeting in Amsterdam. 
At the official dinner, held in the 
imposing Tropical Institute, the 
tables were laid out with a 
complete, formal place setting — a 
surprise, since we were expecting 
and received Indonesian food. We 
were each given a bowl, which we 
filled with a variety of (to me) 
unidentifiable foods. But which 
utensil to use? 

The host scientist came to our 
aid with the following instruction: 
“If you believe you have some 
soup, use the soup spoon. If you 
recognise fish in your bowl use the 
fish knife and fork. Anything else 
is probably meat and should be 
taken with the remaining 

Yours feithfully. 


10 Handside' Green. 

Welwyn Garden City, 

- i vi-,L*.V 

_ i j..i 1 /: j 






July 2& The Queen was re- 
ceived this morning in the 
Forecourt of the Palace of 
Hotyroodhouse by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
the City of Edinburgh (Dr John 
McKay, the Right Hon the Lord 
Provost) and Members of the 
City of Edinburgh District 
Council, when the Right Hon 
the Lord Provost surrendered to 
Her Majesty the Keys of the 
City, which The Queen returned 
to him. 

A Guard of Honour found by 
the 1st Battalion The Black 
Watch (Royal Highland Regi- 
ment), under the command of 
Major Sir Andrew Ogilvy- 
Wedderbum, was mounted in 
the Forecourt. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh, accompanied by 
The Prince Edward, this morn- 
ing loured the Commonwealth 
Games Village in Edinburgh. 

Her Majesty and Their Royal 
Highnesses were received by the 
Chairman, Commonwealth 
Games Federation (Mr Peter 
Heady), the Village Com- 
mandant (Mr Cameron 
Cochrane) and the Chairman. 
XIII Commonwealth Games 
Scotland 1986 (Mr K.W. 

The Queen, with the Duke of 
Edinburgh and The Prince Ed- 
ward, lunched informally with 
Games competitors in the Din- 
ing HalL 

This afternoon The Queen 
and The Duke of Edinburgh 
attended the Weightlifting event 
at the Playhouse Theatre. 

The Secretary of State for 
Scotland (the Right Hon Mal- 
colm Rifkind. Mr, Minister-in- 
Attendance). Lady Susan 
Hussey, Mr Kenneth Scott, Mr 
Victor Chapman and Major 
Hugh Lindsay were in 

Her Majesty this evening 
watched Swimming events at 
ihe Royal Commonwealth Pool. 

The Secretary of Slate for 
Scotland (the Right Hon Mal- 
colm Rifkind, MP. Minister in 
Attendance), the Countess of 
Airlie. Mr Kenneth Scott, Mr 
Michael Shea and Mrnor Hugh 
Lindsay were in auandance. 

The Duke of Edinburgh this 
evening attended the Cycling 
events at die Velodrome. 

Squadron Leader Timothy 
Finneron and Major Rowan 
Jackson, RM were in 

The Princess Anne, Mr? Mark. 
Phillips visited the Isle of Arran 
today. . 

Having been received upon 
arrival by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieutenant for Ayr and Arran 
(Col Bryce Knox), Her Royal 
Highness this morning visited 
Montrose House. Brodick. 

In the afternoon The Princess 
Anne, Mrs Mark Phillips at- 
tended the celebrations of the 
1 50th Anniversary of the Arran 
Farmers Society Annual Show. 

Her Royal Highness, attended 
by the Hon Mis Legge-Bourke, 
travelled m an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight. 

July 28: The Prince of Wales* 
President, the Maiy Rose Trust, 
this evening attended a dinner 
in aid of the Trust on board 
HMS Victory, the flagship of the 
Commander in Chiefs Naval 
Home Command. 

Richard Ay lard, RN was in 

July 28: Princess Alexandra this 

afternoon opened the Freud 

Museum at 20 Maresfiekl Gar- 
dens. Hampstead, London 

Lady Angela Whiteley was in 

Today is the fifth anniversary of 
the marriage of the Prince and 
Princess of Wales. 

The Prince of Wales, President 
of Scottish Business in the 
Community, . will visit 
"Bathgate Area Support 
Enterprise" at 19. North Bridge 
Street, Bathgate, West Lothian, 
on August I. 

Princess Anne will open the 
2.500th sheltered house built by 
the Biefd Housing Association 
at Bannockburn, Stirlingshire, 
on August 1. 

Princess Anne will visit Stirling 
Enterprise Park on August 1 and 
open the second phase of the 
development at John Player 
Building, Stirling. 

Birthdays today 

Professor Patricia Qarfce, 67; 
Mr Justice Michael Davies, 65; 
the Dowager Duchess ofDevon- 
shire, 91; Lieutenant-Colonel 
H.M. Ervin e- Andrews, VC, 75; 
the Right Rev Eric Gordon. 81; 
Lord Gnmond, 73; ProfessorSir 
Robert Kilpatrick. 60; the Mar- 
quess of Nonnanby, 74; Miss 
Marguerite Pereira, 65; Sir Eric 
Riches, 89; Viscount Ridley, 61; 
Lord Scarman, 75; Mr Milds 
Tbeodor&kis, 61; Lord 
Weinstock, 62. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr JJX'AIdenoa 
and Miss MUK. Strong 
The engagement is announced 
between John, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs J. AkJerson, of 
Stockton-on-Tees, Cleveland, 
and Maty, daughter of the late 
Professor DE. Strong and of 
MreSJC Strong, of Ousfeburst, 

and Miss FJE. Bmu 
The engagement is announced 
between James Sebastian, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs Martin 
Brunt, of Richmond, Surrey, 
and Francesca Elizabeth, youn- 
gest daughter of Dr and Mis 
George Brosan, of Goda im i n g, 

Mr. MIL Bastany 
and Mbs AS. Gansifay 
The. engagement is announced 
between ftlichael, younger son 
of Mis M. Odell and Mr R. 
Bustany, of Belfast, Northern 
Ireland, and Angela, eldest 
da u ghter of Mr and Mrc-Briau 
Garraway, of Park Hill, 

MrJM Harris 
and Mbs RMJL Pickering , 
Hie engagement is announced 
between James* younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Robin Harris, of 
Bdchamp Walter, Sudbury, Suf- 
folk, and Rachel, second daugh- 
ter of Mr Murray Pickering and 
Mrs Vivienne Pickering^ both of 
Wimbledon, SW19. 

Mr MP. Lawrence 
and Mbs-ELE. 

The engagement is announced 
between Mark Philip, son of the 
late Mr Geoffrey Peter. Law- 
rence and of Mis Patricia Law- 
rence, of Grappenhafl, Cheshire, 
ami Heather Elizabeth, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
M. Bunting, of Co Warn, Surrey. 
Mr RJ. Neal 
and Miss GJVf. Charaodk 

The engagement is announced 

MrT-J- Roupefl . 
and Mbs H J. MSddJwfih* 

The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, son of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Peter 
Ron pell, of How Gaple, 
Herefordshire, and Mis Moira 
Roupell, of Rye. Sus$e*, and 

Hamel, daughter ofMr and Mrs 
David Middtefitch, of Win- 
chester, H a mpshire . 

Mr DjLM. Tracey 
and Miss &A- Taylor 
The engagement is announced 

between David, ekter sot of Mrs 

Patricia Tracey, of W«ngey 
Park, London, and of Mr Pat- 
rick Tracey, of Canada, and 

Sally Anne, dder daughter ofMr 

and Mrs Michael Taylor, of 
Fating . London. 

Mr LN. Coffin 
and Mbs AjC. White 
The engagement is announced 
between ran. son of Mr and Mrs 
W.N. Coffins, of Pastou, Peter- 
borough, Cambridgeshire, and 
Ann, eldest daughter of Mr and 
Mis RE. White, of Bishops 
Wood, Somerset 
Mr DJ. Conrtenay-Stamp 
and Miss ELA. Crawford 

The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs David Courtenay- 
Stamp, of Silverton, Devon, and 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter ofMr 
and Mrs George Crawford, of 
Watford, Hertfordshire. 

Mr J.T. Catts 
and Mbs AJL Brown 
The engagement is announced 
between John Trevor, son ofMr 
and Mrs R.W. Cults, and Alison 
Rose, youngest daughter of the 
late Mr \V-F- Grimshaw Brown 
and of Mrs R-M. Grimshaw 
Brown, of Ruflbrd, Lancashire 
Mr JJXC. DotpUn 
and Mbs GJL Davidson 
The engagement is announced 
b etween David, son ofMr and 
Mrs John Dolphin, of Fbrncett 
End, Norfolk, and Georgia, 
daughter ofMr Peter Davidson, 
of Aiguillon, France, and Mrs 
Jill Davidson, of Wimbledoii, 

between Jonathan, only son of 
Mr and Mrs J-L. Neal, of 
Aidaby. Whitby, North York- 
shire, and Gillian, elder daugh- 
ter of Mrand Mrs F. Otazsock, 
of Bolton, Lancashire 
Mr ME. Ricketts 
and Mbs CC. Bants 
The en ga ge m ent is announced 
between Maurice Edward, only 
son of Mr and Mis Norman 
Ricketts, of Tellisford House, 
Clifton, Bristol, and Caroline 
Clace, only d aughter of Mr and 
Mrs John Bums, of Ashley, Box, 
Dr J. Roe 

and Mbs L. Stereos ' 

The engagement is announced 
between John, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs Michael Roe, of 
Ruyton XI Towns, Shropshire, 
and Liane, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Robert Stevens, of Walnut 
Creek, California. 

Mr G. Tranter 

and Mbs D J. Manning 

The engagement is announced 
between Oraham, second son of 
Mrs LM. Tranter, of Bootle, 

Merseyside, and the bttrMr 

CG. Tranter, and Deborah 
Jane, eldest daughter of Mr and 

Mrs WE.G. Manning, 
Stanmore, Middlesex, ' 
Saltdean, East Sussex 



MrCJ. Tweedy 
and Mbs N A. Read 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher John 
Tweedy, The Black Watch, son 
of Brigadier and Mrs OJL 
Tweedy, . of Little Dmfkdd, 
Perthshire, and Nicola, dan g h- 
ter of Mr and Mis P-C. Ktad, of 
Xxxden, Colchester. 

Mr N. Rowe 
sad Mbs J JE. Peregrine 
The engagement is announced 
b e tw e en Nigel, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Bernard Rowe, of 
LlandafL ChrdifL and Jane, only 
daughter of Mr and Mis 
Gwilym Peregrine, of Carmar- 
then , Dyfed. 

Mr G.R. WBHs 
and Mbs DE. Edwards 
The i* TTg"grme nt is announced 
between Graham, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs Michael Willis, of 
Moria Nefyn, Gwynedd, and 
Dale, daughter or the late 
Professor T. Edwards and of 
Mrs Patricia Edwards, of 
Sandtou, Johannesburg. 

Mr MA. Solliran 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, elder son ofMr 
and Mrs D. Sullivan, of 
Mowden HaU, Northumber- 
land, and Jan, second daughter 
of Mr and Mrs J-A. Bolt, of 
Pontdand, Northumberland. 


Mr V. Marshall 
and Mbs D. Schofield 
The marriage took place cm 
Saturday, July 26, at St Mary’s 
Church, Stifford, Essex, of Mr 
Victor Marshall, of Sydney, 
Australia, and Miss Deborah 
Schofield, of South Ockendon, 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

Royal Navy 

Perraion to MOD iLondoriJ. Sept 23: C 

* f s 

W Pllr 10 .... 

Piper. Centurion. Sept 2jCTab«s»n to 

Kelly 10 FO Gibraltar. Oct 1. 

BallMS. RAOC. to HQ BFFL AOS 2; J 

Mime. RA. lo be COS F d Re pL Jjttg 

28: J C H Moomouie. RE. to 
BFFI. July 28. 

REAR ADMIRALS: B T Brown to be 

DGNMT In succession to Rear Ad- 

miral D B Bathurst. Nov 2d. 
CAPTAINS: A M Norman lo be 
promoted Rear Admiral and to be 
DGNPS. In succession to Rev Ad- 
miral B T Brown. Nov 12: J D L 
Backus. Dryad in Qnd. Oct 14: J J 
BJackham. DRNSC. Dee IT: N R 
EsenMgh to MOD (London). Dec 19; 
A H Lamboume to MOO (London). 
Sept 19: T W Loushran. GJoucedor in 
Cmd. Sept 16: P Reeves lo Australian 
Ord Bd. March 7. 1987: □ I Rhodes. 
Joint Director RN JMOTS- Oct 3. 
be Acta Dean of Naval Medicine. July 
i& D M McKay. FOSM. Sept 30. 
(Bath). Dec 12: P N Galloway. AIB. 
Oct lO: A C Hcrdnuui. BOS Wash- 
ington. Feb 6. 1987: R J N Hlbbert to 
MOD I London). Oct 24: R M Kennedy 
to MOD (London). Oct 21: P R J 

Surgeon Commander: G Smith. Sept 

BRIGADIER: P R Duchesne, late RA. 
Aug 3. 


COLONEL: I M H Moore to CTCRM as 
Commandant. Oct 31. 

MAJORS: S B Cusack to 42 Com- 
mando RM as 2 l.'C. May 1. 1987: CJ 
E McOowaU for loan service as 
SQ/DS Instructor. JNAT. Jan 1: A J F 

Noyes RNSC GreenwlcfL Ai^lMl a 

Ho ward-Wllliams lo MOD 
JW. July 22. 

Royal Air Force 
RAF Hospital Ely. July 28: a W Ball 
lo HQRAFSC. July 28: □ J Saunders 
to HQRAFC. July 28: M J F Shaw to 
HO 1 Gp. July 28: I C H Dtcklo RAF 
vaBey as sm Cdr. July 30: B R 
Johnston lo RAFTumhmne as Stn 
Cdr. Aug 1: J K Sim lo HQSTC. Aug 


COLONEL: M J Reece. Jan 2. 

The Army 

BRIGADIERS'. M W Betts to be Comd 
Tot * Men BAOR. Aug 1: A E H 

Matthews to be DD Mil Svy. Aug 1. 

* OTJuly 

COLONEL: B L Belton lo MOO. 

ICM RAF Halton. July 28: R H 
CTOTHh to hK^TC- July 28: M J 
Oreoory lo HQRAFSC. July 28: M O 
Train per to RAF SI Athan. July 28: M 
C Rudd to RAF Luasbruch. Aug 1: M 
J Bryanl to MOD (AFD). Aug 1: J L 
Buckler lo MOD (AFD). Aug 1: CJ 
Cheesman lo RAD Odlham. July 28: 
M E ashy lo RAF BUferook. July 28. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

atmts, wamsEs. 
f4> &■ + in VAT 

(minirnmn 3 lines) 

AimotnKenicnis. aalfacnlicaKd by the 
name and permanent address of ihc 
sender, may be sent la 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
Louden El 

or ickptancd (ty tdeghowe subs- 

cibers only! la 01-411 

Arnmuncetncnis can be received by 
telephone between 9.00am and 
SJOpm Monday lo Friday, on Satur- 
day between 900am and 13 noon. 
flrf-481 4000 (Mr). For publication the 
following day phone by 1.30pm. 

fobthcourg mmhumes, wbums 

etc on Court and Social Page fX ■ fan 
+ IS* VAT. 

Court and Social Page announce- 

ments can not be accepted ht 
telephone. Enquiries loc 01-022 9353 
(after lOJOam). or send wc 

I, frMhjlni Share, laadui El. 

Ptcasc allow at least 48 bonis before 

Be ye Wnd *® another, 

mderhearted. loiWvtno one anotti^ 
van as Cod (or ChrtMl aalia MUi 
Hdvm you. . „ 

Ephaum 4: 32 


LACKMEU. - On 270i July, at The 
John RadcUffe. Oxford, to Elba (n£e 
Mauran) and NfoeL a daughter. 
Georgina Stirling. 

(MULMS - At the Undo Wing. SL 
Mary's HowltaL on 2Sth July, to 
Joanna (nte Damn) and PanL a son. 
Sara A le xander. 

AVIS - On June 19th. to Monica cute 
ChodaloowsJd} and Jesse, a son. 
Michael Jesse MaxtaUUsn. 

ETTSS - On July 27th. to Nlcoto (nte 
Branch) and David, a daughter. Kata. 
A sister (or Timothy and Anna. 
DUUMM - On July 25RL in BnaxL 
to Detnire (n«e StrathalnD and 
RtchanL a son. WHUam StraOialm. a 
brother for Jesnnte. 

BX - On 26th JMy. al the John Rad- 
ettse. Oxford, to Tessa and James, 
triplets, three Mbs fa* Rebecca. 
RAVES - cm asm July, to Peter and 
Maggie, a daughter. Susanna Joy. a 
sister for Atec an dra. 

ADFWLD - (hi July 27th. at the 
Maidstone HosdtaL to Chrlsllne (abc 
Cooper) and Alan, a daughter. Laura 

EATB • On July 2Sth. al SL Marys. 
Paddington, to Debbie (nte Green) 
and Paid, a daughter. Katharine. 
CHJMES - On Thursday. 17th July, at 
John RadcBffe Hospital. Oxford. 
Reuben George StHHard. a sun fa* 
Catherine and Peter, a brother tor 

WED On 2601 Jtdy to AnRa and 
Dennis, a davfoter Abigtf Elizabeth, 
a sister tor Alexande r . 
msOEN - On July 2«h. 1986. at 
Sorting Royal bftnnary. to Iso and 
Mary Ann (nte Wefoon}. a daughter, 
Sarah Ehzabeth Henrietta, a sister 
tor Richard. 

ACDONALD- On 21st July, at Queen 
Mary's Hospital. Stocun. Kent at 
SJ3 pm. to Angela (nte McKenna) 
and Gary, a daughter. Catty Louise. 
MMNALL-On Jubr 28th. to CsrOta 
and Nicholas, a sun. 

MODEM - On July 27th 1986. al 
kVtaeheater. to Dodle (ttte Cash) and 
Uan Maraden. a son. A brother to 
luiie. Vanessa. Fiona. Chrtshwher 
and (Sara. 

otion - oa 26th July, to Jan (nte 
Dailey) and Andrew, a sun. Ancfavw 

PACKMAN - on 24th July, to Diane 
and Derek, a son. Nicholas Janes 
WHUam. a toother for Carolyn. 
Christopher aid Rachel. 

REDMAN - On 27th July, at victoria 
Maternity Hospital.. Barnet to Bob 
and Suzanne Redmam (nte HUnterL a 
daughter. Samantha Claire. With all 
thanks to the staff Mr their many 

THORNTON -On July 28th. to Philippa 
(nte Reid) and Bernard, a son. 
Harrrtsh. a brother for Alistair. 

WANE - On July 23rd. to Clare and 
Stephen, at Kettering, a son. Timo- 
thy Stephen, a brother for Lydia. 

WILLIAMS - On 24th July, to GMlan 
(nte EQW and Hugh, a dwighzw. a 
sister for Ho«y. 

W H I OUfiH Bif • On 27Pi July, to Lucy 
and Michael, a son. 

YORK - Kathy and Stephen are deOght- 
«f to announce the forth of their sob. 
Samuel Joseph, to Hong Kong, on 
16th Jtdy. 


MX t OMEN - The marriage tot* 
place on Saturday. 26th July 1986 at 
Christchurch. Colchester between 
Mr Stephen Box and Miss EH z a b efh , 

riage took ptooe In land u n . on 4th 
July, of Scott Simon, son of Mr A 
Ms Romano Cndla of Albert Court, 
London and the Han. Rasie Susan J- 
dauffiter of Lord and Lady Cornwal- 
lis of Ruck Farm, Homuonden, 
Tunbridge. Kant 



s HARLEY - On 29th 
July 1936. at St Mctootas Church. 
Godstone.ArctoB.UenL Royal Navy 
to Betty. 


AIIRMOH - On Jtdy 26th 1986. 
peacefully at home at The MU 
House. StreeOey En d . West Wyc- 
ombe. Cambridgeshire. CyrlL aged 
90 years. Last surrivtogsan af Dr. T. 
AUlnson and devoted husband of the 
lato Veronica A Hinson. Much 
mourned by Ids ^nOy of Friends at 

BARRY. James Michael - Beloved hus- 
band or Paddy, father of Jim and 
TTMi and grandfather of John and 
Ann. Qn26tti July. In Johannesburg. 
BAXTER - On 2S0i JUIy. 1986. VfoM 
Alice, aged 81 years of Briar Way. 
Skegness, widow of Laurie. Crema- 
tion at Boston. Lines on 30th July. 
CLARKE- On Jtdy 26th. 1986. Rupert 
Stephenson, aged 26. younger son of 
Simon and JBL Oldmare Farm. 
ChlUerton. KJW. brother of 
Christopher. Caroline and AUson. 
Funeral to take mace at An Saints. 
Httdmak. Enquiries to Masters & 
Saa. Lindttekl 2107. 

CR O BBMAH Florence Enffly. beloved 
wife, mother and grandmother, on 
2Btfa July aged 72: after suffering a 
long and p el n tui mnesa borne with 
were courage. Funeral Service on 
Friday, ire August at St Mary's 
Church. Great BardfleM al 11.00 
am. Flowers to W.C. mown & Sobs 
L td. The Street erasing. 

CUULUM Ethel Violet aged 97 years, 
late of Bogus* Regis, widow of 
Richard Leslie CuBum. on July 26th. 
peacefully at her home. 21 Kestrel 
Park. Sfc rt m e radate. Lancs WN8 
6TA. Funeral Sendee at SL 
Michael's and AB Angels Chunh. 
Dalian (by SkrenKrsdate)al2JK)ptn 
on Wednesday. 30th July and cre- 
mation at SouthpcnL Flown to 
Hardman & Co, Funeral D ir ectors, 
c/o toterOora Sketamdale, 0696 

DOWSE FV - Ou 2Stti Jtdy 1986. 
Beresford. of ume WanT. Church 
Street Alter, langpmi Peacefully at 
Muswuve HospUaL Taunton, aged 
62 years. 

EVANS - On Jtdy 2 GQl peacefully at 
Eaatbury Manor. Daphne, wife of the 
late Lt ore Lee Evans and vov modi 
loved mother of Anthony and his 
temOy. Cremation at GuHdfiord Cre- 
matorium on Friday. August 1st at 
12 noon. Flowers to crematorium 
wm be taken lo the nursing home. 
FBOKAN - On July 2Sth 1986. peace- 
fully at Ms home. Anthony 
Fln nl nlgm of WooOoo Cottage to 
Bareondie. 8ussex. Dearty loved bus- 
band of Jean and father of Sean. 
Kathy. Joanna and Peter, and grand- 
father of Lidia and Batty. Funeral 
Service at B ar c o mbe Parish Church 
on Wednesday. July 30th at 11.00 
am. Ftoweis. or donattoos If desired, 
to Lewes Victoria Hospital, c/o RJL 
Brooks A Sen. Alttngton Rd. Newtek. 
Tri 082572 2896. 

F0RW00D • On July 26th. Gerard 
Brittain, to his 86th yea*, of Gedre. 
Motley CrescenL Bishomieignun. 
South Devon, fonneriy of AbersoctL 
Much loved husband of Nan. adored 
and devoted tether of William. 

Marlin. Jane aad Kate and a dearly 

loved grandfather. Private crema- 
tion. Family flowers only but 
donations. If d e s i re d, to Cauca- 

GOLDSWORTHY - On 2601 J«y 1906. 
Rose Evdyn (n£« Cawlhorn). peace- 
fully to hospital aged 91. Widow of 
Leonard James Goldsworthy. Much 
loved by her sobs John and Harold 
and her many friends and relatives. 
Funeral Soviet at 11.30 am on 
Thursday. 31st July at Oxford Cre- 
matorium. Flowers, or donattoo s to 
the Imperial Cancer Research fond, 
c/o R.V. MaDett Funeral Directors. 
124 Lime Waflu Headtotfon. Oxford. 

Ho - On 24th Jidy. suddenly but peace- 

fully. Hwaitan Ho, Moved wife of 
SJf. Ho. Funeral Service at Gokters 

Gram Qwamrtm on Friday. 1st 

August at 1 1.00 am. Flowers may be 

sent to Leverton A Sons Ltd. 624 

Finchley Road. NW11. 

HYLAND. Robert TsB 4BH0 - At home 

in Alton. Ontario. Canada on ThuF 

day. July 10. 1986 Robert Tbit 

Hyland, m hte 73rd year. Beloved 

husband of the late Eleanor Maodan- 

ahl: dear fattier of Peter of Toronto. 

Ontario. Ca n ada : Geoffrey. Cynthia 

and GIB Hyland of Atom. Ontario. 

Canada . CteandtoDicr of Marie. 
Patrick. Erica. Ryan. Tbnolhy and 

Ottver. Dear brother of Barbara CUft 

and John Hyland. Rested at the Dods 

A McNair Funeral Home. 21 First 

Street Orangevflle. Ontario. Ca n ad a 

until 6 pm Friday Dm to SL Marie's 

Anglican Church. Or a ngevMe. On- 

tario. Canada for FUneral Service at 
6 pm. totermeat re Etaawuod Cane- 

toy. Path. Ontario. Canada on 

Saturday al 3 pro. As expressions of 

sympathy, donations lo the Heart ft 

Stroke Foundation would be 

On 26th July 1986. peace- 

fully after a long dtoen bravely 
Dome. June, dearly loved wife. 

mother and grandmother. Funeral 

Service at Ho to Trinity. West End. 

Woking on Thursday. Slat Jtdy re 

11.00 am. followed by private cre- 

mation. Flowers to Woktog Funeral 
Service. GoKtaworih Road. Woking. 

teb 617S4 or do na tions to PftySts 

Tuckwett Memorial Hospice. 
Wavertey Lane. Fantham. 

LANCASTER - On July 27UL at home. 

sa* Osbert Lancaster. C.B.E.. loved 

husband, tether and g randf ather. 

Funeral private. A Manorial Service 

will be announced later. 

MARSEL - On 27th July, to her 80 th 

year. Islia Clare ManseL OJLE.. 

d a ugh te r of the late Algernon and 

Istta Mansei of Wlndlesham. staler of 

John. ClavdB and Mervm Sometime 

AJderraan. L-C.C- and CJLC. Service 

at 3-30 pm on Friday. 1st August re 

Mid-Warwickshire Oaldcy Wood 
Crematorium near Leamington Spa. 

FaraQy flowers only. Donatkxia. if 

wished, to Katharine House Hospice 

Trust 125 Ruscole Avenue. 
Banbury. Oxon. 

BfcCALLlMI - Peacefully re home. 6a 

Blackford Road. Edtobunpion 2fith 

July. 1966. Isabel Steele (We 
SmeiHeX Beloved wife of Dr Ian 

McCaOum and devoted mother of 

Mary. Isabel and Catriona and 

granny of Hannah and Emma. 

Grateful thanks are e x tende d to Ihe 

doctors and nines for their kind at- 

tention and support. Fimeral private. 
FamSy flowers only please. Dona- 

tions ta lieu to SL Columbia Hospice. 

Boswafl Road. Edinburgh. 

On 24th July, on tier loom 

btrtoday. Isabel Mary (Bella) (nte 

Beane) of Rukera. Ruttu, Kenya and 

Torquay. Widow of Walter Mffiar 

and mother of Walter, d-caj.. Abys- 

sinia. 1942 and John. kJLau. 
Irrawaddy QuaWng. 1944. Crema- 
tion « Torquay re X30 pm on 3lst 
July. Ring Dfac. 0626 833389 for 


NEWLAMB. Maria • On July 26th. tn 

her 97th year, peacefully re home 

With fototty and rrirads. Bdoved fos- 

ter mother of Allesn and Brenda and 
aunt to Mal-fc. Susan. Lynette real 

Robbie. Service an 30fh July. Old 

Otot Methodist Church. East AGon at 

2-30 pm. 

SMLEY. Katherine- PeacefUfly to hos- 

phal on Jtdy 271b. Briovad mother of 

Jane said NKbolas and dmtu 

g randmottire . Reqtoem Mam at 

Brrwpion Oratory « 11.00 am to 

Tuesday. August Hh. No flown. 

Donations, if wished. toSL Stephens 

HospttaL Futtuun. 

SLOT -Cto July 27th. 1986. peacefully 

re home. 60a Poritend fflace. London 

WI. Leslie Marie, aged 87. Deeply 

mutin i e d by his luring wife. 
Mnrioric. daugh ter , son-in-law and 

g ran d chi ldren. Funeral on Wednes- 

day. 30th July re ll DO am at 
Gokters Green Crernatoritss. 
SMALL WOOD ■ On Saturday. Jtdy 

26th. peocfUUy to hospOaL EUnor 

Katherine. M.B. E .. Of 

wiMatbampstead. Wife of the tale 

Doctor M E Smallwood. DeteHs of 

Memorial Service to be announced. 

No flowers or tetters, please. 

BMNK - On July 26th. 1986. Honor 

Wtotrtogham. aged 74, of Thornton 

HalL lAceby. Lincolnshire. Dcarty 

loved wife of Raul and mother of An- 

thony. WHBara. Anna and EB miielh 
and a tovtng qrandmo t h re. Funeral 

Service in SL Lawrence’s Chtarh. 

Thornton Curtis, on Wettoesday. 

July 30th at 2L00pm. Cot Sowers or 

donatkas for The Echo CardtograMi 

Fund to Steven Near Funeral Direc- 

tor. 36 WdDowgate, Grimsby. 
Flowers dcllw eie tt by 1030am 
Wednesday please. 

SUnSRUUB - On JUhr 27th 1986, 

peacefully to Princess Merpreet Hoe- 

pttaL Windsor. John SamueL known 

to ail as Jade. Greatty hmd husband 

or Atna said beloved Mher of Cath- 

erine, Stephen and Patricia. 
Cremation lobe held at East Han®. 

ORMSH. Paid* - Bdoved mother of 

Mama Barker and tetter of Margaret 

Murray, widow of John Ordtsb. 

peacefully to Johannesburg on Mon- 

day. 21st July- Donations in her 
memory may be sent lost Michael's 

Church Dfscrettaway Fund. Boat 

67184. Braanstan. Johannesburg. 

On Jidy aoth 1986 re 
Camperdowu, Victoria. Australia. 
David Ettrick LLeweOyn. aged 83. 

last surrivtng sou of Hie Utte Wllham 

OffonL JP- and Katharine Orford 

of Manchester md BroOBytmon, 

Towyn. Gwynedd. 

FARE* On July 26th 1986. peacefully. 

Paul Allan Page, of Guflsborough 

(Northants). aged 72 yen. Much 

loved father or Valerie, brother of 

Edna and Betty, and grandfather af 

Lucy and Ruth. Funreal Ser- 

vice at GuDsborongh Parish Chinch 
on Thursday July 3isf re z JO pro. 

followed by interment All flowers 

and enquiries to J. Stamp A Sms. 

Funeral Directors- Marker 
Harbotoogb. Tel: 6262ft. 

ROWE - On 27tti Jidy. re Cuttmtde. 

Uffciame. Michael WHUam aged 70 

years. Brioved fausbad ef KMhtem 

and treher of wmianv Funeral a t St 
fti giftfii Cathottc Ciumai. 
CuBom p ton. 11.00 am oc Thursday. 
3lst July. 

Berks, on Friday. 1st August re 
IJQpdl AD friends are welcome. 
Flowers to E. Sargeant A Son. 61 81 
Leonards Rd. Wtodsor SL4 3BX. 
THOMAS - Suddenly, on 24th Jidy. at 
her home. BOeen MabeL aged 76. 
Widow of ml Dearest stater and 
aunL Service of Thanksgiving for 
her life at SL James' Church. 
Southbroom. Devizes on T ues d a y. 
6th August at 2J30 pm- 
TURNBULL - On July 27th. to Welling- 
ton. New Zealand. Margaret 
Turnbull. OJLE. Much loved wife nr 

the late wnttam George TiuidMdl and 

mother of Angela Wtdtrow. 
WALTERS - On 24th July. In hospital 

to Bristol. Donald Watters. Priest to 

charge of Mabenwre and Dlreclor or 

Ministerial Training. Dtocese of 
Gl o ucester. Loving husband of 
Maigarre and tollier of Tim. Alastafr 
and Becky. Funeral private. 
WESTALL - On July 26th.- Bean 
Mary, for 60 years the wife of The 
Rev Robert WestalL mother of 
Veronica. MJchaeL David. Fefldty 

and Ettsabeth. Donations, if desired. 

wui be gratefutty received by 
U-S-P-G-. IS TUflon Street London 

swip 3QQ on behalf of a Mark's 

College. Tanzanla- 

WEET - On 26th July 1986. p e ac ef u ll y 

at BertdB-on-Gea. mm'Sm formerty 

of Cranrao- Court. London, in her 

96to year. Funeral at Eastbourne 

Crematorium re 3JK) pm on Friday. 

1st August Enquiries to M am mar y. 

Funeral Director. Besddtt 210418. 

WMTE Suddenly at Durian. Naha. 

South Africa on lltti July 1986. 

James Alan MIDer White MJLC& 

dearly lowed husband of Gtena and 

father of Ian. Nett and Linda. 
WOODO - Canon Frederick Hampden 

Bastt. peacefully in Ids sleep eartyoo 

Sunday. 27Ui July, aged 80 yrs. 

Family Funeral Service at AB Saints 

Church. Winchester on Friday. Au- 

gust 1st at 11.00 am. Thanksgiving 
Service to September. No flowers 

please but d u nattons. if desired, to 

OMA or The Bttiie Society. 


- A Memorial Service 
for Arthur and Etoahetli Chambar- 
teto wttl be held at 3-00 pm on 
Thursday. September 4th at the 
Cathedral Church of SL Phfflp. 
Cotawe Row. Btraiingham.. 

DUNCAN • A Memorial Service for 
Vera Cleamnte) Mary Stewart 
Duncan who died on Jidy lTdL 1986 
will be held re The Christian Com. 
munity. 3ft Gtenma Road. 
Hampstead NW3 on Saturday, 
Aureal 30th re n.oo am. 

Church news 
New Dean of 

The Rev Dr Stephen Smalley, 
Vice-Provost and Canon 
Residentiary of Coventry 
CathedraL has been appointed 
Dean ofChester in succession to 
the Very Rev Thomas Geasby. 
who is resigning on August 31. 

The Right Rev William A. 
F ranklin is to retire' as Ass i s t a n t 
Bishop of Peterborough on Au- 
gust 31. He wfll be appointed a 
canon emeritus of Peterborough 

canon A M M Turner. Vicar. SI Jude. 
Swlten dfcKCTe ofPi»tui»*iUi. to be 
. ArctHtoacon or the Me of WM erene 

The Rev L Adam, ovate, cartel 
Cnurctj. Thorn»oru dioceM of Black 
bum, to be pcteaMn-ottarge. Sco^h 
t m vkleo production 


Canon w H A ndrew . Rector. 
AMqrbmy and Wet G U nwtoad. noo- 
Mtem^H^^Prettndur of 


Canon M R H Baker. Vicar. Carte 
Barton and Rural Dean of 
dioces e of p*w- 




The Rev D J Connor. Senior dwptoto 
at Windwster College, dioexse of 
WtaAeaiev. to be Vicar. St Mary toe 

tooceee of By^ 

The Rev S M Cbatoner. prieeMn- 
ctiarge destunate. Holy Cross. 
Blnstaad. RywT dloceee of Parte- 
moum. to be also prieaMn-tfwrge. SI 

Tlie Rev M W R Covtogtei. Vfcto 
wantoiHlon. Tamar with Coneneoac 
and Fottatngtiay. diocese a f Pdtr- 
bocough. to be etoo a noo-restoentUHy 

canon of P eter borough CathedraL 

The . Rev G N Dobra. Vicar. 
BHswwwIh. dlooese of Wakefield, to 
be Vicar. Ramon with Great BartbnL 

The Rev G w Fenner. Msn.Vltar to 

occee of Oxford, to be Rector. St 
Maiy. Wexhnm. sanie toocese. 

The Rev l fmn. raomoy appo inte d 

The Rev JL_ Goo 

MButh dwpitei f 

Deamenr. same «occac 

R Gough, owitem 

Saints. Ascot . Heat h, d i 
‘ to be also Rural 

Oxford, ra 

SieRe^; ^SraL^BteTAnl 

S ^ijiSS T toiteBS S rHyneiawia i 

Boddmoton. dioce se of Peterborough. 
The- Rev T D Honey, curate. Mill End 
and Ttei Cung nte wn® wnriHo 
diooeae of St rttoa ns..te be c^ 
Dunum and Anmamm 

t .create, a 

MUKmrsSA 2 X 82 : 

and honorary curate, a Swithun. 
Hither preen, diocese ofSoutowark 

Canon C Mayhew. Rector. Baroack 
with Uffocd and Beaten, and tend 
Dean of Barrack, dtocese of Peter- 
burough. to be .Vicar. Otddiren with 
Hambicton and Ealeton and 

The Rev G H Newton. teWB .ytaif . 

PortWH. WoUtasuen teum mlntetry. 

dkiceee of Liarfield, tote Vicar. 
Stevenage. IfclylHSty. dfoOMe Of St 


Mr Timothy Raison, Minister 
for Overseas Development, was 
host at a reception held yes- 
terday at 1 Carlton Gardens to 
mark the publication of the 
Overseas Development 
Administration’s Review of 
British Overseas Aid in 1985. 


Profes so r Arthur Brawn. 
Died Monaah. Australia. July 29th. 
19T9..‘A most conscientious and cfri> 
Used man*. 

CATER - to kwtofl nwnory of Charts 
Ernest Cater, died Jtdy 290*. i9M 
aged 67. From ids daughter. Joan. 
THEODORE CnOM E HT of Cutter, 
j 9 13- 1963. A me dttUKttcm. 

Latest wills 

Mr Frauds Richard Roadknight 
Roper, of Lenborough, 
Buckinghamshire, a farmer, left 
estate valued at £1,066,292 net. 
After a large number of personal 
and. other bequests he left 
£10,000 and I /32nd of the 
residue to ihe League of Friends 
of Buckingham Hospital Fund, 
and 1/32 ad of the residue each 
to 31 other named charities. 

Mr Stuart Graeme Williams, of 
Rickmanswortb, Hertfordshire, 
for 18 yeans Controller of 
Administration with -BBC Tele- 
vision, left £85,732 net. 



Master of humorous satire in word and line 

Sir Osbert Lancaster. CBE, 
the delightful atrtoonisl and 
witty social satirist, died tin 
July 27. after.a tong illness. Ht 
was 77. 

It was the daily, newspaper 
carioon which brought 
Lancaster's name to the wid- 
est audience, but this urbane 
castigator of modem mores 
was also a talented theatre 
designer, a memoirist of dis- 
tinction. and an. architectural 

Osbert Lancaster was bom 
on August 4, 1908,- the only 
son of Robert Lancaster and 
Clare Bracebridge Manger„Hc 
was educated al Charterhouse, 
whose headmaster found him 
“irretrievably gauche” and 
which he left early. There was, 
however, a sound art school at 
Charterhouse which went 
some way to alleviating the 
agonies of compulsory games. 
(Lancaster maintained thatall 
games were improved by a 
little tight conversation). 

“It’s all very well drawing 
fimny pictures". Lancaster 
was. according to legend, told 
by his unde, “but it won't get 
you anywhere. Why, I remem- 
ber an awfully dever chap in 
my form at Charterhouse who 
did wonderful caricatures of 
all the masters. We all thought 
be had a great future but I’ve 
never heard of him since'*. 

within 15'. or so 

London Bridge. 

Pillar to Post . Homes. Sweet 
Homes and Dmyneflcte Re- 
vealed will be read and en- 
joyed as long as Englishmen 
look about them at the urban 
setting of their lives. At once 
popularand highly fastidious, 
Lancaster enjoyed an unusual- 
ly wide audience; in this, .as in 
so many* ways, he was a 
modern Edwardian. 

"was usually . orriy 7 * offered 
* comic opera: .... 

He worked for all the major 
British opera and .ballet com- 
panies in the lighter, mpm 
. bucotic; side of the repertory, 
most notably the operas The 
Rak^s -Progress (1953).- Fal- 
stoff (r95 4% Vltaiiana in 
er (1971). and. the : bafle|scj 
Pineapple Poll (1951 ). 
Copptfia (1954). and Zd Fib 
Mai. Gordie (I960). *, 

■■..ixt each.- case, an in&iUble 
sense of period and place was 
.touched with gende nuxtey. 

The spectator’s eye.' tdynjg 
perhaps ma momentarily dun 
peafonnarice, woukl frequent, 
lyfiod a LartcaslereyesoiBe- 
whese on. the set. rotirng 
. cbn^fdiriidy, ttr meet it. 
fowls ;m mmdless ndgnttion 
and saucy caryati ds ’tmh lheir 
minds not entirely oa ffieoF 
work were immediately iden- 
tifiable: motifs, buz.the^hqte, . 
inky nrrVbrella pine-la 
RossinTs La Ptetra^ Del 
Paragone (Glyndebourne. 
1964) evoked the retd poetry 
of -the Roman Campagoa 

miles of 

r . 1 .^ 1 - 

jA •»- 

* -jr,: - ' 


f ■ 


The awfully clever chap was 
Max Beerbohm, for whom 
Lancaster had a disciple's 
admiration and who was a 
guiding presence throughout 
'His life. 

In -1939, he was appointed 
cartoonist to the Daily Ex- 
press and. joined the Press 
Censorship Bureau, moving 
later to the news department 
of the Foreign Office. Towards 
the end ofthe war he was for a 
time art critic ofthe Observe. 

feelingly as could be wigaadL- 

- A -wonderfully versatile ca- 
reer was crowned . by the 
publication' of intimate 1 and 
diaracteristicany , brief mem. 
oirs. All Done front Mepion 
(1963)and With an Eyetorne 
FitiureL\9(n\, in whieb sudi 
over-familiar matters ; as- a : 
chfldhood - in j^ens^ngtoi^ 
German bands, Italian . organ- 
grinders, snail-eating French-, 
men, the London Slice the 

■’••• ' T - H 
; u.r . ! 

-J 1 



He went up to read English 
at Lincoln College. Oxford, at 
a vintage period during the 
1920s which included Auden, 
Spender, Day Lewis and John 
Betjeman, before .going on .to 
study art at the Byam Shaw, 
Ruskin and Slade Schools. 

Lancaster was a bom jour- flyinp bombs. ibe-Dle&suresaf 
nalist in one important sense: life viewed from 
be tad an un&iling.eye for ^^Kfe viewed fioftta 

In 1932 and 1934 be exhib- 
ited at the New English Art 
Old), but subsequently, gave 
up painting easel pictures on 
account of their inconvenient 
sire, and concentrated on 
murals and book illustrations. 
He executed wall paintings for 
the assembly .rooms at 
BlandfoitL Dorset, and at the 
Putney Hospital; he designed 
posters for London Transport 
under the enlightened direc- 
tion of Frank Pick- 

next week's fad, as his long run 
of his' Express “pocket 
cartoons** abundantly proves. 
The last of the series appeared 
in May, 198!.: 

His most enduring cartoon 
creation was.Maudie 
Litilehampton who, over the' 
years, grew elegantly older 
while remaining as sharp and 
outraged as ever. “She’s had a 
lot to cope with in the way of 
social revolution”, Lancaster 
admitted more than three 
decades later. In 1961, a 
selection. Signs af the Times. 
showed something of the con- 
tribution Maudie and Gerald 
Littlehampton’s adventures 


-,?-«•? r 

r l'C 

i> 1 - 


Cate RoyaL wereall rcir^e$fc- 
ed with scintiUatingiife. 

- Osbert -Lancaster -Was- a 

warm arid measured comma-: 
teur not merdy of ^vintage-old - • ... - . 

ladies and antique pots butof.4-' " s . . / , 

the Engfish language - among ) s R r ■ 
his fevourite writers . were 
Chaucer, Swift, Gibbon, Fir- 
bank and Eliot - and .of a 
certain vanished JEnglishness 
of living: • . 

Never a Paradise Lost man, 
as he himself remarked. - he 
read and -re-read The Diary of 
a Nobody with unfailing de- 
light He . was ' striking m 
appearance, elegant, with 

p nnd** to the social and cul tura l ' fierce ; bhie eyes.-set in the sort 

From 1934 to 1939, he was 
on the staff; and later editorial 
board, of the Architectural 
Review, and be contributed 
articles on historical and .ar- 
chitectural subjects to many 
other journals and periodicals, 
while lecturing at what he 
called “the dimmer 
universities”. It was while at 
the Review that Betjeman 
turned Lancaster's pen to the 
field that was to make his 


His first book,- Progress at 
Pelvis Bay (1936), desaibes a 
typical English watering-place 
in philistine pursuit of envi- 
ronmental improvement. 
Sometimes the irony is so 
subtle that it might oe mistak- 
en for approval, a mistake , 
Lancaster did not make in the 
highly original -sequence of 
books that followed. 

Pillar to Post, a solid and 
informative introduction to 
European architecture, fol- 
lowed in 1938, while. Homes, 
Sweet Homes, published the 
next year, identified such ar- 
chitectural phenomena as 
Pont Street Dutch; 
Stockbroker’s Tudor and By- 
pass Variegated. This set the 
pattern for Lancaster's, work 
on this sutyect: each page of 
urbane -and accurate docu- 
mentation facing a (ine^i [lus- 
tration stressing equally the 
innovations and absurdities of 
the style in question. The 
results remain both instruc- 
tive and unforgettably funny, 
but the feeling beneath them is 
serious enough: 

Drayneflete Revealed ( 1 949) • 
assured Lancaster’s position 
as a chronicler of architectural 
decline. Tersely written and 
showing that, neither the 
author's pen nor his pencil 
had lost its cunning, it is a 
small masterpiece of observa- 
tion reflecting the desolate 
history of a- strategic cross- 
roads with the bad luck to be 

history of the period. 

Towards the end of the war. 

. Lancaster .was attached to the . 
British embassy at -Athens. 
Civil war was raging when he 
arrived but he still fell in love 
with the country and was to 
return ofteiL Out of this 
appointment came an en- 
chanting book. Classical 
Landscape, with: Figures 
(1947). lo planning the book, 
he wrote: “My criteria - politi- 
cal. architectural and scenic - 
remain firmly Anglo-Saxon, 
and the standards of judgment 
are always those of an Angli- 
can graduate of. Oxford with a 
taste for architecture, turned 
cartoonist, approaching mid- 
dle-age . and living . in 
Kensington". ■ 

It is a fine wen* of scholar- 
ship in a marginally more 
sober style, containing some 
of Lancaster's best writing,, 
while the drawings led to its 
reception as “ah outstanding 
picture book". 

This sobriety -was recalled 
more than 20 years later in 
Sailing to Byzantium ( 1 969), a 
serious companion to Byzan- 
tine churches from Ravenna 
(e Asia Minor, in ' which 
Lancaster's distinctively fine 
black ink . illustrations are 
complemented by jiatter. but 
often beautiful, colour scenes 
painted with the same sense of 
time and motion wittily sus-. 
pended- that he so often 
achieved in hisextensive work 
for the theatre. 

it •*-»•- 

jsTvT* ** ••*• 

e 2 

t- 1 r ; 1 


- u 

1 cr 


rf fcsi: 


i — . — 



-■J -i 


•• *!.';.rv 


. _ i ... 
• ; .i'.u i-» 


• til 


•.'•-.-i. I 

i& Zi £>• 


ET: i.“ 

-» ; ii.- ?.» 



25^ L. 

! Jit br.a 

1 is 

.. j. ^ 


-*= ‘*rr. 

*'*£* m .i -zun? 

Ceiia Brav 

He had no wish to practise 
architecture himself - “It's no 
fon nowadays, all cost pricing 
and engineering" - believing 
that Lutyens was . the last 
architect to be able to work 
with any freedom. But he 
regarded the building of scen- 
ery and costumes as a satisfy- 
ing substitute. Although he 
had an unfulfilled ambition to 
design La Traviata, and did 
indeed do Peter Grimes for the 
Bulgarian State Opera in 1 964, 

of great F&staif head be would 
have loved to draw 'himseffi 
and a luxuriant moustache of . 

■which he boasted that *it 
could be seen from the back", j 
Although he. could be ex*^ 

; tremely sharp; Lancaster was ' 
rarely * venomous. The . most 
polite and unsidenetic of car- 
toonists, he was never a 
crusader,, remaining always a 
witw, civilized critic with a- 
profound understanding of 
the- vagaries of human nature; . 

It was his many other interests . 
which "saved him from the 
single-minded savagery which* 
seems essential to the potitical . 
cartoonist ■ 

Architecture remain - 
an - abiding passion,, though . 
one which brought less tte- ' 
lighL “It's tragic what'S hap- 
pened to architecture-'' - he 
recently observed. “One <*- 
jects to the ghastly anonymity 
of it all. You can't- name a/.JgSj 
building by an architect I ‘ 
know only the names of three 
modem architects, and I've - 
forgotten those". Oh . the 
whole, he found the- modern 
world distasteful. -* - 

He was known to .pen a 
cartoon in hal f-an-hoiir, at-^ 
tacking the blank sheet" of 
paper through the. haze, of a 
Turkish, cigarette. He bated, 
his characters on those he 
knew, but sympatheticallyr 
“Cartoonists have to "guard 
against emotion, partictdarly 
hale. The really, savage.; car? 
toon almost invariably feds to 
reach its object". \ - ,*/ 

Lancaster was made CBEin- 
1553. and knighted In 3575. .. 

He was awarded several hon- 
orary- doctorates, - including 
one from Oxford, where , his 
old college.- Lincoln, made [ n 

him an honorary Fellow. -I r 

In- 1933, he married Karen, *.>J 7 <\£ t " .;n 



‘ Tit- - 

second daughter of Sir Austin 
Harris, KBE; there were g . sot 
and daughter of the marriage. 
His first wife died in 1964 and : 
in 1967 he marri^Airoe 
Scott- James, the. columnist, 

who survives him. . -- 


'■i.l l . 

- ’V,, 

Science report 

US big quake theory to be tested 


American scientists, who woe 

dieting before the recent 

series ei tremors that tee 

was a 5060 chance that 
California wwlA be hit- by a 

pressure builds np as the 
Plates continue to move. Ulti- 
mately, when the fanlt slips, 
an earfoqnake occurs. 

15, are about tn start a wlde- 
dment to test 

then- forecast 

This autumn, a 

University begin drilling a 
five-takasetre deep” hole ;at 
Cajon Pass, next to the San 
Andreas fault, - shoot 100 
Idlometres northneast .of Los' 
Angeles. ■ Subsequent tests 
could contradict sonte bask 

assttmptioiis of plate tectonics 

— the study of processes by 
which the earth’s surface has 
attained its present structure. 

Cleariy, there mast be a 
weat deal of frietkm resisting 
the movement of foe plates. 
For many years, researchers 
have thought that ft happened 
in the fault However, there is 

a snag to Oat assumption; 

friction should be generating 
heat Vet, more than lOOhetf 
flow measurements have fond 
bo evidence of this. 

Experts are split into two: 
the “high stressers”, who do 

nte accept the heatflow data, 
and "low stressers”, who savit 

•oenrateand that; therefore; 

e DttltaSKsIIilfawiiaiSuJ. 

IS 9 “fu* “4 

nrcfc exposed for toe various 
“ggesaents will be about 75 
years old. '■ x- 

. TecfcMqo^' to ' mrVimr 
terms indffdea bteehteetele- 
riewer (BHTVX which, wfll 
teiw toe rock^ surface w/h 

SSSftrt®’ »■«** 

flatajde O-rntgs fwhydrt ik 

Otoer;- expertettof ^ wffl 

Arid,, andarisate' 
■*5“ fw exphutogrtoe 
wth’Sr crust ; . l: 

' i: . *"■■■ O'. ,4. J 

V' ; '*: v .v f - 

k 4 *- Av 


c r'Av-.V ■-K ■- 


The San . 4@dreas is a 
“transform fealt”, the border 
between the Pacific and North 
American plates, which .are 
passing each other. Some- 
times, when toe iauft sticks, 

■■■w iiumiy iimxniwf*. 

toe plates are sibling past each 
other, more srmrthly tta 
some scientists befieve. 

The Pass borehole 
should; idp to settle that 
vgmaeut Tt will have a 
di a m et er of .15 catinmfi ^ ' 
«ach core «ctioo wai be from 


toe s tody j, 
hriP them 

■re caatiow 
wfll find. 
Zoback, k_ 

goodr ■■ 


to.ftli 1 'i 

! 0Wa »iii. 

aiue? 0 **?^ 






e£ 5 £i 3 




•rtab« e * nlv^ai*' 

& iSR^ISt 

-*4i i>i -,] ^ v od(*jT ® 



=‘- R? !a!. wmis 

*« no ‘‘ mere^f^ 

; M '^ and antique pS* 
r *$* h» 

; r. uiC - sain. Gifaboi t 

> r - f «* Elioi 

32-.^*** « 

' * r;r!itf, r rsmartoiE 
•‘- c "f-rad The fa 
- ' ' ■'-;: war. untaj^ 
•£' ~ s *» sink® : 

. - .-.ira.,;. f!ijaai_ *j 
r.j: e;.si «i ioahcE- 

- 1 . 1 - -'-sc :c draw tog 
■2~: a -v-nani Bio'.mwi 

'■•'■" roas!*! fen 

• :■: -e-:r» tr^n&W. 

Ai-.'.rusr- h-: Kiidta, 
T.-nv'. shirr. Lsaww 
'. r. .. ■■ ^rorroui Ikm 
." :W2 r c apiftasve 
:. . r s:s. he »ss nra, 

.'.-jw.T reusing jm; 

-■■.:■ . ■■ v;rc »ii 
:■ •’ -'.c ■j'orsianfinii 
. .. -iuir^ ;•;’ finnan me 
■■> oifer® 

.-. - ic-.ri hni mi 
: -.. .-T. 

...r r 

- wa 10 me 

•• TiiSWO. ltd? 

’ r M-upi feat 

■ irsiic wrfsk 

:r::-i , .ATjie'. i 

' "0» ? 
".' •. _ ><?•; ran' 1 n®' -1 

- - • ;n a:A4fi 

.'_ • -5J7JJJ rf® 

*....- ■■■»;’, Os * 

.. '-_. ■; the 

i-i oc'ati to? 5 ; 

*J n jii'-an-tw«- : 

; ^nit ^ a5 : 

•*■■ ' -i- ;hi 

- He > 

■ •'* y.^"on i w; 

• -. ; -r.'" iirip aibaj 

' ri'-e 10 P 

'• •' •/■' pstf* 

=.'• :X ; b ^‘3?: 

••••'* '.'..V. -i’flo*? 

... ill I* 

• • ... Linfi 1 ' 0, ^ 

----- r-£= Ssrt**?? 

-- • 

be tesi 

not for 

When a restrained young maw 
in erndng dress adopts a 
formal pose by a satiny 
Stefmnty and gives you the 
bottom line about emotional 
turbulence, rhapsodic passion, 
incandescent inspiration and 

- hysterical ecstasy, speaking in 
. a well modulated accent, he 

lacks credibility. 

. It cs Liszt Week on BBC2 
and a lot of fervent music has 
- 1 been analyzed in heartbreak- 

- ingly academic style to cele- 
brate the composer's cen- 
tenary; Last night's worthy 
-musical essay by Paul Cross- 
ley would have been ranch 
better, heard on radio. I sus- 
pect that the personality of 
this composer is so Cur re- 
moved from the thin-blooded ! 
style . of: the average BBC i 
presenter that there is ranch | 
.more than a century dividing : 
them. Perhaps only Ken Rns- | 
sell . could really convey the I 
breadth, depth and height of ' 
Liszt Perhaps he was correct 
in . suggesting that if the com- 

_ poser lived today he would 
have been a rock star, and one 
with a leaning towards direct- 
ing his own videos. 

The Scales of Justice (ITV\ 

. the. first of a trilogy of pro- 
grammes concerning the law, 
expressed misgivings about 
the profession of barrister with 
the support of lawyers and 
academics. The programme's 
argument was that the taw ill 
general, and the fraternity of 
banisters in particular, is 
predominantly white, male 

- and middle-class and that this, 
coupled with absurd anachro- 
nistic- work practices, renders 
the - legal profession of little 
use to its clients. 

The programme did an ex- 
cellent job of making the law 
look tike an ass by depicting at 
length the juvenile banter 
exchanged at bar dinners. 
There was also a disturbing 
interview with a young lawyer 
who had been disillusioned to 
discover that the last thing to 
men (km at a job interview was 
commitment to the ideal of 
justice. The wronged clients 
were not represented and there 
was no footage of a barrister in 
court to support some of the 
points made. - 

There can. be little doubt 
that Britain's legal machinery 
; functions most. . efficiently 
when following up parking 
'tickets and is otherwise so 
elitist, expensive and unwieldy 
that it does not serve the cause 
of justice as it should. There is 
also little doubt that a pro- 
gramme which seeks to outline 
these shortcomings needs 
more than half an hour and a 
much wider viewpoint than 
this one achieved. A compari- 
son with the legal systems of 
other western countries would 
have been one of many appro- 
priate additions. 

Celia Brayfleld 

i Tuesday April 2£ On first glance 
•* Adelaide (“the city of churches") 
. . looks very provincial under a cool 

> n grey sky: a walk round the town is 
IN disappointingly like being in 
Leicester or Derby with endless 

r modem shopping precincts. It is 
shocking to witness immediately 
an ugly street tight between a group 
of drunk Aborigines and some very 
ko macho policemen. I meet up with 
✓Jj) the rest of the company who have 
arrived direct from England at 
• man 6 a.m. this morning and look 
its a horrendously jet-lagged from the 
satiny 24-hour flight and 8!fc-hour time 
ii the diflerence — I've had a few days in 
tional Sydney to recover. Given that 
ssion, normal air travel can produce the 
i amt sensation of having endured some 
ing Iq shaueri ng trauma, God only knows 
it, he wh ai it must fed like to be caught 
up in a hijack! 

Wednesda r April 23: Rehearsals 
L~7f commence on a voluntary basis. 
Bill [Bill Alexander, the director] 
having invited only those who fed 
“up to it” to attend. Somewhat 
wL y k the news that the great 

Russian Rustaveiii production of 
Richard III played recently at the 
Adelaide Festival and a few 
months prior to that the local rep 
also presented their own produc- 
lion which apparently had a run- 
“zlt ning-iime of five hours! There is 
55r? speculation among the company 
whether the good burghers of 
f #h -Adelaide might not stay away from 
iKt nf our Product*** 0 having formed the 
impression that Shakespeare only 
"J** 1 wrote one play and that it is an 
exceedingly long one and some- 
roura times given j n Russian, 

D OD0 

irect- Friday April 25: The Grosvenor 
Hotel where we're slaying is unbe- 
[TVj, lievable: my room overlooks a 
pro- main highway, the railway station 
law, and /»-o major construction works! 
about I haven't yet slept a wink. All of the 
iritb company are suffering and are 
and constantly changing rooms like 
tine's characters from a Feydeau farce, 
nv in Luckily rehearsals are keeping me 
ity of wide awake — the new cast are 
r, is inventive and challenging so I can't 
male just trot out the old performance. 

titis, Sunday April 27: Oh dear. A group 
c ® r0 “ of us were given lunch today by a 
¥?*[* couple - he's an architect, she 
utue works for the Wool Board — who 
live up in the Adelaide hills among 
®. ex " rather sinisterly charred forests; 

J tow bush fires are a frequent calamity 
**** here and we were told a horrifying 
mtar story 0 f one farmer diving into his 
“^ rs - water tank as the fire swept 
rb,n 8 through, only to be instantly boiled 
'^ r alive! At lunch, there was enor- 
M mous generosity shown us, but 
“8 to every time our host opened his 
r wa ® mouth (under a rather harsh 
r °* military moustache) we all became 
“I®* 5 increasingly uncomfortable: ac- 

Ihe T e cording to him the treatment of the 
“ Aborigines throughout Australia’s 
‘ “** history had been exemplary, the 
, - . . pyromaniacs who are responsible 
< ™ for (some of) the fires aren't sick 
. but need shooting, and so on. What 
“J 1 * made it worse is that, because of 
“”8 my South. African origins, he 
?- *° assumed me to be a natural ally. I 
ie “y made an excuse and an early 
departure, but I found the day very 
m 115 depressing. Despite there being a 
PfP" Labour government here, most of 
“JJ e the Ausmalians Tve met so for have 
seemed very reactionary. 

rfia ir Wednesday April 30: First run- 
paii- through. Very thrilling. The com- 
is of pany is terrific — they have a huge 
onld appetite for the show - and there 
ipro- are such strong performances from 
the new principals: Geoff Freshwa- 
1 , ter marvellously good-natured and 
£Kl short-sighted as Hastings, Jim 

King’s Lynn Festival 

id ^ 

.. . 

■ — ■ 

Earlier this year the Royal Shakespeare Company went on tour in 
Australia, with Antony Sher giving his acclaimed performance in the 
title-role of Richard III. While he was there he kept a diary — and a 
sketch-book too — of his experiences. Today, in the first of three 
excerpts, he opens in Adelaide and meets among other things . . . 

A seal of disapproval 

Hooper very moving as Clarence. 
Sion Probert a panicking, twitching 
Edward. James Simmons beauti- 
fully heroic as Richmond In the 
original production this last pan 
was played by Chris Ravenscrofi 
who is now playing Buckingham 
and his elegant and eloquent 
peiformance is particularly invigo- 
rating to me. In an early rehearsal 
he described the Buckingham/ 
Richard relationship as that of a 
classy theatrical agent having to 
play minder to a particularly 
brilliant but temperamental client. 
What this concept has allowed me 
to do is develop Richard's public 
tantrums and moodiness: since he 
is forever openly throwing wob- 
blies around the court people have 
slopped taking bis violence seri- 
ously and thus he is not viewed 
suspiciously - until too late. 

Today's run-through also imme- 
diately confirmed the wisdom of 
Bill’s controversial decision to cut 
Queen Margaret entirely from the 
play. This production always func- 
tioned as a black-comedy-thriller 
and has now developed new speed 
and urgency by the removal of that 
character, weighed down as she is 
by back references not only to the 
Henry Vis but also to the ritualistic 
traditions of Greek tragedy which 
Shakespeare used as a model Of 

course. Olivier also cut her entirely 
from his film of the play and, whilst 
originally 1 obsessively avoided 
any reference to his famous ver- 
sion. now I shall shamelessly quote 
it in the face of any complaints or 
attacks from the purists. 

Thursday May 1: Had to do a TV 
interview this morning, a link-up 
with a Sydney breakfast-time show. 
Here in Adelaide the entire studio 
was manned single-handedly by 
one very sleepy and very hung-over 
red-haired man. I was sat on a chair 
and told to imagine the Sydney 
interviewer to the right of the 
camera. I asked for some object to 
use for an eye-line so the man 
found a stand on which he plonked 
the glass of water he had been 
drinking to soothe his hangover. 
The Sydney breakfast show made 
contact and I proceeded to have the 
very novel experience of being 
interviewed — quite sensibly as it 
happens — by an Australian glass of 

Friday May 2: Cutting Queen 
Margaret has caused one major 
problem: it was she who called 
Richard "that bottled spider” 
which became a fundamental im- 
age to my playing the role as a 
scuttling, multi-limbed creature. 
Without that piece of text an 
audience could well sit around 

wondering “Why is that man 
playing the part in such a curious 
wayT*. so Bill has found a place in 
the Lady Anne scene for her to say 
it. and 1 think it sounds very 
convincing: her speech on first 
encountering Richard now reads 
"Avaunt, thou dreadful minister of 
hell!/77zou bottled spider, thou foul 
bunch-backed toadflhou hadst but 
power . . etc. 

Sunday May 4: A company outing 
to a nearby nature reserve. Kanga- 
roo Island. Lots of tourist-trained 
kangaroos bounding over to do 
cute Disney-acting in exchange for 
titbits, while the koalas, on the 
other hand, remained very aloof 
propped in the branches of euca- 
lyptus trees, the leaves of which 
apparently have a narcotic effect 
on them — they certainly did look 
severely stoned. But it is Seal Bay 
which 1 shall always remember 
from today's trip. 

We were told we could walk 
among the animals on the beach, 
but were wanted to do so very 
quietly and slowly since they can 
bite savagely. Needless to say the 
company chaiged down to the 
shore and proceeded to behave 
exactly as one would expect from a 
group of actors — shouting, laugh- 
ing. doing seal impressions, etc h 
seemed that I alone was heeding 

the advice of the tour guide as I 
moved among mounds of kelp and 
basking seals very slowly and ever 
so quietly. Suddenly a mangy old 
sea-lion, guarding a harem of the 
most beautiful doe-eyed females, 
was driven to distraction by the 
raucous behaviour around him and 
lunged at the nearest piece of 
human flesh — my bum, as it 
happens, which could not have 
been stiller or quieter at that 
moment since I was stood stock- 
still focusing my camera. I heard 
the company yell “TONY, LOOK 
OUT!!”, glanced round to see a 
massive bundle of iron-grey animal 
muscle and teeth rolling and 
snapping towards me. and sprang 
oui of the way just in time to escape 
the endowment of a new disability 
on my Richard - that evil, bunch- 
backed, singte-butiockcd king. 

Monday May 5: The RSC have 
been in touch about the possibility 
of Richard III returning to the 
Barbican after the tour in tandem 
with Brecht’s Arturo Ui. When I 
phone Sally [Sally Hope, theatre 
agent] in London to discuss it. she 
tells me that the film of the Joe 
Orton biography Prick Up Your 
Ears is tack in pre-production 
again and there is also keen interest 
from them for me to play Orton’s 
lover and eventual murderer. 

Halliwell. My plan had been that, 
unless “something spectacular” 
came up. I would return to London 
after this tour and take six months 
off acting to do a new book for 
Chauo. Not only do both Arturo 
and Halliwell qualify as “some- 
thing spectacular", but both have 
been long-standing ambitions to 
play: it is very exciting. 

Tuesday May 6: Technical rehears- 
al. After seven months away from 
this role it feels very odd to be 
clambering again into my black 
costume and hump: the rubber 
carries a sickly sweet, musty smell 
of storage. The acoustic of the 
2.000-seat Festival Theatre proves 

to be brilliant and a vast improve- 
ment on the Barbican, presumably 
since here the auditorium was 
intended primarily for opera and 
ballet and thus much more lime 
and money was spent on acoustics. 

Thursday May & First night. In the 
tension of the first performance 
Caroline Goodall (Lady Anne) 
forgets to say her new line about 
the bottled spider. I go cold and am 
just about to throw- mv crutches 
into the wings and commence a 
more conventional way of playing 
the role when suddenly she remem- 
bers and magnificently weaves the 
line into her next speech, wrhich 
now comes out as “Foul devil, for 
God's sake hence and trouble us 
not/You . . . you foul bunch- 
backed bottle! . . . b-b-bottled 
spider!” The show goes very well: 
the audience is rather quiet fover- 
respectful perhaps?), but at the 
curtain-call we are given a raptur- 
ous standing ovation — I notice 
that Sally Pearson and Di Botcher 
(Ladies of the court), whose first 
time with the RSC this is. are 
moved to tears. 

Afterwards, at the reception, I 
have the misfortune to be cornered 
again by my Sunday lunch host 
from the Adelaide hills, who 
tonight lectures me on the absence 
of self-discipline in Australian 
society and the need for some form 
of imposed discipline. Needless to 
say. he enjoyed the tale of Richard 
III enormously. 

Saturday May 10: 1 break my fast 
of abstinence from reviews and 
read them all. They are raves 
except for the Sydney- paper which 
carries a strong whiff of sour grapes 
- we are regrettably not playing 
Sydney (because the only suitable 
theatre is fully occupied by Trevor 
A'urm's production of Cal si). I 
spend all today nostalgically chart- 
ing the last two performances of 
Torch Song Trilogy back in Lon- 
don. a million miles and a time- 
warp away. A sense of relief that at 
last it is over — somehow I could 
never come to terms with the feet 
that the rest of the cast continue to 
perform that beloved show without 
me. But we actors are fickle and 
promiscuous lovers: after tonight's 
Richard III a large group of us end 
up in the Pioneer Bar back at the 
hotel and a sing-song starts led by 
the Welsh contingent. Sion and Di: 
songs from the Fifties and Sixties, 
medleys from the shows and, as I 
am transported by the wine and 
our raised voices crying sweetly for 
home and times past. I am swiftly 
convinced that I have never loved 
a company as much as this one, 
and that, in fact, there is no finer 
group of people in the world! 

Ten and drawing © Antony Snor. 1986 

TOMORROW: Melbourne 

• Antony Shert Year of the King 
appears in paperback on Thursday, 
published by Methuen at £4.50. 


Promenade Concert 

Playing safe — or shrewd? 

King Arthur 

Buxton Festival 

Two sharply contrasted fea- 
tures shape the current King's 
Lynn Festival: the emphasis 
on music composed in the 
four decades after 1790, and 
'George Benjamin's presence 
as com poser-in-resi den ce. It 
would be cynical to suggest 
that the first was chosen to 
pull in the crowds, the second 
to impress the critics. Yet, 
judging by the first weekend 
that is how it turns out in 

What a pity that, of those 
who packed every ancient pew 
of St Nicholas's Chapel for the 
opening concert, an unre- 
markable performance of 
Haydn's Creation^ so few 
dared w rctum the next 
morning for a much more 
enthusiastically presented 
pro gramm e of electronic mu- 
sic. The oratorio, delivered by 
the Bach Choir in a genteel, 
under-powered . way (there 
were simply too few sopranos, 
for a start) was surely also 
diminished, for this particular 
occasion, by being sung in the 
original German. Conse- 
quently Haydn’s brilliant pic- 
torial flourishes passed 
unappreciated by audience 
and (it sometimes seemed) 

Only rarely, too. did Jeffrey 
Tate rouse an impassive En- 
glish Chamber Orchestra. The 
exhilarating crescendo of the 
“sunrise” was one instance; 
the sonorous lower-string cho- 
rale in "And God created great 
whales” another. More promt-- 
nenu unfortunately, were little 
lapses that betrayed hasty 
preparation, notably a dismal 

lift-off to “The Heavens are 

If the soloists — Teresa 
Cahill Philip Langridge and 
Gwynne Howell — took their 
time revealing their true quali- 
ties, one group of vocalists 
showed penetrating form 
throughout. The sparrows, 
nesting in the magnificently 
carved nave root piped out as 
early as the “Representation 
of Chaos”, obviously unaware 
that they had not yet been 

The 1790-1830 theme 
(which also includes the 
Takacs Quartet playing 
Haydn and Beethoven each 
morning) was neatly encom- 
passed in a typically well- 
researched Songmakers* Al- 
manac programme, “Beet- 
hoven and his Contem- 
poraries”. Its general theme, 
that Beethoven's lyric talent 
was of a more radical nature 
than his Viennese rivals', is 
hardly front-page news, but 
Graham Johnson presented 
his material with customary 
elegance, and his delightful 
pot-pourri included such tan- 
talizing resuscitations as Carl 
Loewe’s "Erlkdnig” and 
Johann Zumsteeg's setting of 
Schiller’s Ode to Joy. Two 
Almanac stalwarts. Felicity 
Palmer and Richard Jackson, 
were joined by the young 
Scottish soprano Loma An- 
derson. As yet her top register 
is tonally erratic but she puts 
a song over winningly and 
should slot happily into the 
Johnson stable. 

In the electronic concert, 
too. there were spoken rntro- 


Our comprehensive 10-week course on the 
covers Pointing, Sculpture, Architecture, Film, Design, 
Photography etc. 


information from the Prmc&wl, M« I Hden Framing MA (RCA), 
4 Montpelier. Street, LONDON SW7. 

Tel; 01-584 0667. 

ductions. chbpily if over-, 
extensively contributed by I 
some of the composers, j 
Benjamin’s Panorama is, as ! 
he said, a three-minute study 
written at IRCAM when he 
was undergoing the Institute's 
technological initiation. Yet it 
is ingeniously structured and 
has a welcome "human” basis: 
it grows from, and returns to, 
the simple sound of a Pompi- 
dou Centre busker playing 

Similar "real life” material 

— Winchester Cathedral's 
mighty tenor bell and the 
treble voice of the composer's 
son — underpins Jonathan 
Harvey's now classic IRCAM 
score of 1980, Mortuos 
Plango. Vivos Voco. The work 
has an emotional power far 
beyond most electronic scores, 
partly because it plays on a 
British audience's deep-seated 
response to these cloistered 
sounds (albeit craftily synthe- 
sized) but also because in 
using the bell as a symbol for 
passing mortality it draws on a 
venerable English literary tra- 
dition. Gray's Elegy and 
Tennyson's In Afemoriam are 
inevitably recalled. 

The only “live” items - 
new, two-synthesizer versions 
of Tristan Murail’s Ailantys 
and Vision of the Forbidden 
City (played by composer and 
wife, Francoise PeHifc-Murail) 

— disapoimed. The sounds 
were pleasant, professionally 
conceived and coolly execut- 
ed, but the slow, non-rhyth- 
mic progress seemed rather 
downbeat, especially after a 
dose of good old-fashioned 
musique concrete . Ian 
Dearden's craggy, explosive 

George Benjamin's lighter 
festival tasks include provid- 
ing stylish piano accompani- 
ment for a series of classic 
silent films including The 
Phantom of the Opera. The 
story of a crazy composer 
wandering through Paris's 
sewers cannot be without 
meaning for someone who has 
worked at IRCAM. 

Richard Morrison 

Buxton's Festival has always 
held staunchly to the thematic 
. approach, and this year 
staunch is certainly the word. 
Their advance planning has 
unwittingly landed them with 
Britain's most patriotic opera 
even as the Union Jacks are 
flying. Purcell’s King Arthur is 
the flagship of the festival's 
theme, and Dryden’s rambling 
phantasmagoria of Saxon and 
British combat and eventual 
unity through love is taking its 
place among jousting and 
sundry other idylls of the king. 

Purcell's work is a semi- 
opera, a sort of Restoration 
Camelot with robust spoken 
dialogue and some pretty 
strong musical numbers. Mal- 
colm Fraser’s production does 
noL alas, convince that it 
should ever be more than 
semi-staged. I have heard 
concert performances in 
which the Frost Scene, with its 
piercing harmonic icides. has 
been many degrees cooler; I 
have heard harvest homes 
riper and lustier than this, for 
all its fruit and flowers. 

The long stretches of dia- 
logue are no problem: there is 

AJan Bates on hand as King 
Arthur himself to sandwich 
Dryden’s lines with chunky 
slices of ham. And it is a 
delight to hear those lines, 
particularly in the mouth of 
Lucy Gutteridge's Emmeline, 
dancing in and out of Purcell's 
instrumental interludes, styl- 
ishly, if tentatively, played by 
the Manchester Camerata 
conducted by Anthony Hose. 

Rather, than select a dearly 
defined style in which to focus 
Arthur’s many parts, the pro- 
duction team has been content 
to leave us with the sum; and 
it simply does not add up. 

Fay Conway's design is not 
without good ideas: the levels 
of recession behind the front 
gauze, and the semi-tropical 
appearance of this Fairest Isle, 
pick up the work's own delib- 
erate confusions and its many 
echoes of The Tempest. But 
these are only clumsily and 
inconsistently realized: liming 
and grouping are too often 
cluttered and formless, and 
Terry Gilbert's dance-school 
choreography turns a blind ear 
to Purcell's delirious salting of 
French dance-forms with the 
inflexions and rhythms of his 
own language. 

Hilary Finch 



Albert Hall/Radio 3 

It was a clever idea to put 
together three roughly con- 
temporaneous works by De- 
bussy, Bartok and Stravinsky. 
To have chosen the period 
around 1912-13 was even 
cleverer, for each of these great 
composers was shown re- 
sponding differently to his 
own peculiar and critical artis- 
tic position at the time. 

Debussy's Jeux. finished in 
1913, is of course an undi spu- 
ta bly mature orchestra! mas- 
terpiece, at once a consol- 
idation and a step forward 
with its implicative half-state- 
ments. its referential colours, 
its seemingly static, yet actual- 
ly dynamic, elusive harmo- 
nies. All the same, for these 
effects to telL for the adoles- 
cent sexuality of Nijinsky's 
choreography to stay perched 
on the verge of explosion, 
every detail has to be carefully 
observed. It would have been 
with Boulez, and it was with 
his substitute, Ronald ZolJ- 
man, who nevertheless elicit- 
ed a ripe sound from Lhe BBC 
Symphony Orchestra here, as 
he did throughout the concert. 

How stark the contrast be- 

tween such a work and the 
remarkable Four Orchestral 
Pieces, Op 12, of Bartdk, 
composed in 1 9 12 but orches- 
trated — massively — only in 
1921. This was a work that 
obviously caught the compos- 
er in the dilemma between 
free expressionism and the 
anarchy that results. Right 
from the opening movement, 
a stow, mysterious piece redo- 
lent of much, but particularly 
of early Schoenberg and ia- 
bin, we are worlds away from 
the tight, directional music of 
the last four quartets. The 
monumentally tragic dosing 
movement darkly recalls 
Bluebeard’s Castle, but the 
imagination has here run riot; 
Bartok, like so many other 
.composers at this lime, need- 
ed to impose a new order. 

Any mode of expression 

tended to suit Stravinsky, and 
in his “lyric tale” The nightin- 
gale there are essentially two. 
the rather dilute romanticism 
of the first act, composed in 
1908-09, and the more pun- 
gent second and third acts, 
written in the wake of the 
three great Diaghilev ballets, 
in 1913 and 1914. This was 
another marvellous perfor- 
mance of a captivating score, 
with Phyllis Bryn-Julson wea- 
ving an entrancing line as the 
Nightingale, Sarah Walker of- 
fering her expected character- 
ful support as the Kitchen 
Maid, Ian Caley as the Fisher- 
man providing the chief inter- 
est in Act 1 and Neil Howlett 
mixing regality and humility 
in perfect measure as the 
Emperor of China. 

Stephen Petdtt 

Oskar Kokoschka 


Essentially a problem of range 

Anita Baker 



Anita Baker, a 28-year-old 
from Detroit with a voice 
shaped on some celestial lathe, 
is the latest rage among the 
soul-music audience. Her two 
albums, widely praised for 
their naturalness and fine 
musicianship, have earned her 
a warm welcome in .yuppie 

You can forgive her a great 
deal for her desire to deal 
predominantly with pre-syn- 
thesizer technology, setting 
her songs in arrangements that 
match her voice with the 
warmth of siring and skin. 

After bearing the indignities to 
which Aretha Franklin and 
Randy Crawford were reduced 
in their recent encounters with 
electronic drums and the rest 
of the transistorized junk that 
makes up the state of the art. 
one can only be grateful for 
her dignified resistance. 

Sad to relate, then, that her 
London debut turned out to 
be a disappointment. Backed 
by a competent rhythm sec- 
tion and three women singers, 
she delivered the material 
from her albums with a great 
deal of showbiz schmaltz but 
without adding an extra di- 
mension to the recorded work 
in the way that distinguishes 
the great from the good. 

Principally, the problem 
seemed to be one of range. 
Practically all the songs loi- 

tered in a medium-slow tempo 
and carried lyrics dealing with 
only the most vaguely defined 
emotions. Lacking a real text, 
she could modulate that silken 
contralto from a croon to a cry 
without ever suggesting the 
emotional realism of true soul 
music. For all its understated 
elegance, the music so lacked 
spontaneity that even the 
occasional sudden, convulsive 
gospel climax fell into a 
pattern of contrivance and 
Sled to trigger a genuine 
response. In the end, the 
average Aretha Franldin con- 
cert, involving 99 minutes of 
bathos as the price for 60 
seconds of genius, represents a 
better bargain than Miss 
Baker’s vacuous competence. 

Centenary Exhibition 
of Paintings and Drawings 

Tate Gallery MilRunk. London, mi i*+*c. 
ir June— 10 August 1986 

Adaubton J^-fO 

Contra mm £1 

Monday Satwdav iom- 17-S0 

Sondiyi+JX) 17.30 

Lju admuuon r?.\B 

Recorded liubniunon oi 4 ci -icS 

Richard Williams I sponsored by United Technologies Corporation 

irtfc ilM£S 1 ufcSDAY JULY 29 1986 

BR stops work 
on unmanned 

Sir Osbert, a most ‘awfully clever chap’ 

By Robin Young 

level crossings 

By Michael McCarthy 

British Rail has suspended 
the installation of unmanned 
level crossings in the wake of 
the train crash at Lockington, 
Humberside, at the weekend 
which left nine people dead, 
the British Railways Board 
announced last night 

Mr Maurice Holmes, Brit- 
ish Rail's director of opera- 
tions, took the derision after 
the Department of Transport 
said that no further crossings 
would be approved until after 
a new inquiry into their safety. 

British Rail hasa number of 
crossings in the pipeline for 
which approval has already 
■been granted, but these will 
now be put on ice unless work 
has already begun and it 
would be safer to complete it 
than abandon it 

Twenty more automatic 
crossings without barriers are 
planned in a rolling pro- 
gramme of installations, 
mainly in Eastern Region and 
Wales. Forty-two are already 
in place. 

The decision was something 
of an about-turn as earlier 
yesterday Mr Holmes' deputy, 
Mr Alex Bath, had asserted 
that the new unmanned 
crossings, which are being 
introduced for reasons of 
economy, were safer than the 
old gated variety. The change 
of heart is a recognition of the 
mounting public concern 
caused both by Saturday's 
crash and a series of recent 

As both the train driver and 
the van driver involved in 
Saturday's crash still lay criti- 
cally HL, and a further six of the 
SI people injured remained in 
hospital, Lord Caithness, ju- 
nior minister at the Depart- 
ment of Transport, 
announced in the Lords that 
an inquiry would be held into 
the question of the unmann ed 
crossings and until it reported 
no more would be approved. 

That is to be -a separate 
inquiry from that into the 
Lockington crash. Lord Caith- 
ness said that unmanned 
crossings had been recom- 
mended by an expert working 
party in 1978, but, he said, 
there had been two fetal 
accidents involving them in 
the past two months. The 
inquiry had been recommend- 
ed bythe Chief Inspecting 
Officer of Railways, Major 
Freddie Rose. 

A number of peers ex- 
pressed concern about the 
crossings. Lord Underhill 
said: “It is open to question 
that unmanned crossings are 

The two men who hold the 
secret of the crash have not yet 
been able to give an account of 
it. The driver of the van which 
was struck by the train, Mr 
Malcolm Ashley, a local cattle 
dealer whose foster son, aged 
II, was among the dead, is still 

unconscious in hospital, as is 
the driver, a man mom Hull 

the driver, a man mom Hull 
who has not been named. 

Record for Thompson 

Continued from page 1 
Genius" emblazened on the 

Thompson, who completed 
his first decathlon in Britain 
for 10 years, said on BBC 
television: “I find it very 
difficult to get np for an event; 
I find the best thing to do is to 
go and enjoy it 

Mrs Thatcher will still be 
visiting the games on Friday in 
spite of opposition from Edin- 
burgh District Council, which 
has asked tire Commonwealth 
Games Federation to withdraw 
tile invitation. 

Dr John McKay, the Lord 
Provost yesterday answered 

the letter of Mr Robert Max- | 
well, the co-chairman of the 
Games Or ganizing Commit- 
tee, saying that it was the 
“ancons idered remarks" of 
the Prime Minister that had 
sparked off the boycott, itself a 
“principled stand." 

“In the absence of any 
withdrawal or qualification of 
such remarks, some strong 
reaction was inevitable." 

Mr Maxwell had criticized 
the council members for fad- 
ing to disting uish between 
their responsibilities as city 
fathers and their role as local 
party politicians. 

Gaines results, page 38 

Sir Osbert Lancaster, who 
died on Sunday, would have 
fitted delightfiitty into one of 
his own pocket cartoons. 

His very name sounded Eke 
one of his creations, fit com* 
panion for Canon Cuthbert 
Oswald Fontwater or William 
Ptantag anet Odo Currander, 
eighth Earl of Uttiehampton. 

With his poached-egg eyes, 
martial moustaches, tweedUy 
. dandified dotbes and buf- 
ferisb-pose as the test of the 
great clubmen, he seemed to 
lave stepped out of the magi- 
cally preposterous world of his 
own drawings. 

But Sir Osbert, who had 
been contributing immaculate- 
ly crafted pocket cartoons to 
the Daily Express since he 
invented the game in 1939, 
was also a gifted painter, a 
distinguished theatrical de- 
signer, a perceptive architec- 
tural historian, an evocative 
travel writer, an extremely 

fanny antobiograpber, a su- 
perb parodist and a great 
journalist. He could also play 
the piano and sing. 

He designed sets for the Old 

Vic and Sadler's Welts, for the 
Royal Ballet and dynde- 
bourne, and for the Bulgarian 
National Opera in Sofia. He 
rather regretted that they 
asked him to do comb: operas 
all the time. He would have 
liked to do Figaro and 


In Pillar to Post, published 
in 1938, be provided what 
many still consider the best 
introduction to European ar- 
chitecture yet written and he 
wrote with orotund stylishness 
His book on Greece, Classi- 
cal landscape with Figaros, 
was regarded by people who 
knew the country well as the 
best available on the subject. 

But ft was fanciful creatures 
such as the ineffable Maudie 
Uttiehampton and die Roman 
Catholic priest, Father O'Bub- 
blegnm, set in a space a mere 
two indies by one and three 
quarter inches, who etched 
themselves indelibly into the 
mythology of oar times. 

Lancaster would go into die 
Express late in the afternoon, 
talk to the editor or leader 
writer for 10 to 20 minutes, 
and then retire with a flimsy 
piece of paper to the noisiest 
part of the office, where be 
would complete his drawing, 
often within 10 minutes. 

In a column's width be could 
convey not just a joke, but also 
facial expressions, the cot and 

; . " ! ii 

-*s -4^ 





Continued from page I 

that he was given the_ balk of 

the information for to* report 
_ _ _ 1.1. 

by Mr Shea during twotde- 
phone calls on the- Friday 

on Sunday, July 20- ” 

He said that be rang Mr 
Shea initially for badeground 

Friday ■ * 


'All right, hove on elec- 
tion, but personally Cm 
dead against changing 
prima donnas - in 
midstream. " 

Sir Osbert Lancaster working on one of his drawings at the Daily Express. 


-fjTTnr^ . 

... ... - «■*:' **■-» .* 

material of the dothes, and afl 
the background trappings that 
made the drawing itself witty 
and funny. 

Famously Lancaster's unde 
once told him; “It's all very 
well drawing fanny pictures, 
but it won't get you anywhere. 
An awfully dever chap iu my 
form at Charterhouse did won- 
derful caricatures of the mas- 
ters, but I’ve never beard of 
him since." 

The “awfully dever chap" 
was Max Beerbohm, and 
Osbert Lancaster, who also 
went to Charterhouse (though 
briefly), became the Max 
Beerbohm of oar day. With 
round head, round eyes, and a 
preference for dothes with a 
touch of the exquisite, pupil 
even managed to look much 
like mentor. 

And, like his chosen model, 
Lancaster too was able to 
prove that, despite his fourth 
in English attained at Oxford 
University only after an extra 
year's study, and his fhflnre at 
every Bar examination, he too 
was “an awfully dever chap", 
the most acute observer and 
irrepressible wit we have 

Obituary, page 18 

but daisied that' fo®. presPi 
secretary began discussing the 
Queen's personal political 
opinions/'-- during the 

conversation. ‘ J 

“He started saying things 
like ‘on race and social dm. 
mod she is weB to the left of 
mitre'," MrFreeman said. “1 - 
was surprised and talked over 
his disclosures witb colleagyis 
who advised me to phone him 
again - -and' •- discuss " other 
issues." . 

ft wasinthesecond conver- 
sation that Mr Freeman said 
Mr Shea - made the . most 
revealing . disclosures about 
the Queen's personal jopin- 
ions. indudmg the miners’ . 
strike, the raid on Libya and ; 
' the division within the ^ 



jUS* r 


*•« 1 ^ 

I '* II 



Commonwealth. ’ ; y-» 

The journalist said he'read 1 tha onrini fpatnrtiTctnn I 

“ Oh. to hell with Nancy 
Mitford! What l always 
say is -if it’s ME it’s if!" 

‘Early Skyscrapers 

back the entire featme : story 
later that afternoon. Mir Shea 
made some changes ^bot ap- 
peared satisfied with, the , arti- 
cle, accoringio Mr Freeman. 

He saidalthough. the paper 
bad quoted, “sources^ for the 
story, Mr Shea was; the only 
informant; but that The, Sun- 
day Times had derided. ID use 
the plural, uy disease his 
identity. - , - , ?• 

- V*r I 

• Ministers were voking the 
Hope yesterday ; . titettc Sir 
William's letter would be an 
end to the controversy (JSiihp 
Webster, our Gnef Fo&tiad 
Correspondent, writes). 
Although some Consriva- 

tiveMlVwere. continuii^^to^ 

Shea, it was said that Mire 
Thatcher did not share those 

'-■v'-'-vr i'.cc- 
Mr Kvt 

• » . 

r i 
'-■.W i- W 

r; T: ; v, 


■ Sir Anthony Kershaw, Con- 
servative MP for Stroud and 
chairman of the Commons 
Select Committee on Foreign 
Affairs, who has led the . cans 
for Mr Shea's resignationi'saxd 
yesterday that Sir William's 
letter had exonerated him to 
some extent, . “tint 'not. 

£■ -‘i.; 

Reuters sc 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Wales open die ‘Riyadh, Yes- 
terday and Today* exhibition, 
Kensington Olympia. W14, 


New exhibitions 
Caribbean Focus: 

"The Queen, accompanied by". 
The Duke Of Pdinhnrgh, visits 
Glasgow, attends a Service of 
Thanksgiving to mark the 
Cathedral's 830th Anniversary, 
Glasgow Cathedral. 10.55: 
opens the new Glasgow Sheriff 
Court House, 12.15; names the 
new Phase I Block of the 
redevelopment of Glasgow 
Royal Infirmary, 3. 

The Duke of Edinburah, Pa- 
tron of the Royal Scottish 
Automobile Club, opens a Lei- 
sure Centre at the Club, 11 
Kythswood Sq, Glasgow, 4.05; 
later. President of the Royal 
Society of Arts, attends RSA 
Industry Year Dinner, Hospital- 

Princess Anne, Immediate 
Past Master of the Worshipful 
Company of Farriers, opens the 

Scottish Farriery Training Cen- 
tre. Royal Veterinary Held Star 

The Prince and Princess of 

tre, Royal Veterinary Held Star 
tion, Easter Bush, Roslin, 
Midlothian, 9.50; attends Row- 
ing Events, Strathclyde Country 
Park, 10.55; and, as Colond-in- 
Chief, The Royal Scots, attends 
the Laying Up of the Colours of 
the 7th/9th Battalion, The 
Canongate Kirk, Edinburgh and 
afterwards attends a Regimental 
Reception in the grounds of The 
Palace of Holyroodhouse, 230. 

Princess Alexandra visits the 
YWCA Headquarters, Oar- 
end on House, 52 Commarket 
St, Oxford, 1230; and the Sue 
Ryder Home, Nettlebed, 
Oxfordshire, 2.15. 

Caribbean Focus: photo- 
graphs of Caribbean working life 
by Roshini Kempadoo; 
Hinckley Library, Lancaster Rd; 
Mon to Eri 930 to 7, Sat 930 to 
4 (ends Aug 14) 

Contemporary Printmakers; 
Brighton Museum, Church St; 
Toes to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Aug 2) 

TV top ten 


National lap ten television program m e s in 
the week ending July 20 : 

BSC 1 

1 Eastandere (Thurs/Sun) 16.60m 

2 Easterners {Tues/5ui> 16 30m 

3 in Sideness and in Health 975m 

4 aBo 'alo 9.60m 

Sc oMawt A7B1 Renfrewshire: single 
Ena traffic; roadworks at Brookfield- A915 
Fife: by-pass work on Kirkcaldy to Leven 

road at tojndygatesJV77 Ayrstwe: single 
hne traffic on vtcarton St, GSrvarr, uneven 
road surfaces. 



f-NOOM TOMV nrtaMieii iboiim ti njBkn fKONTS 

Dynasty li: the Colbys 9J30m 
Miami Vice 8.75m 

Last chance to see 

Fun and Games: paintings 
and drawings to celebrate the 
Xm Commonwealth Games in 
Edinburgh; The Shore Gallery, 
59 Bernard St, Edinburgh; 11 to 

Contemporary Art Now 86; 
Municipal and Art Gallery, 
Civic Centre, Mount Pleasant, 
Tonbridge Wells; 10 to 53a 

7 No Place Like Home tL35m 

8 News£port,Weather (Sat 2220) 

9 Nine O’clock News (Tubs) & 2Sm 

10 Dates 805m 

The North: M18 S Yorkshire: roadworks 
between jimcttons 6 and 7 with 
contraflow;, southbound adt and nortlK 
bound entry sip roads at hjnc&an 6 
dosed JU Lancashire ; rebuilding be- 
tween junctions 32 and 33. Lane restric- 
tions at times At N Yorkshire: joint sealing 
work 5 of die Catfarick by-pass; lane 
closures on southbound camageway. 

A depression near NE 
Scotland will move away 
N .as a ridge of high 
pressure crosses the Brit- 
ish Isles from the W. 

6am to midnight 


1 Coronation Street (Wed) 1290m 

2 Coronation Street <Mani iZSOm 

3 Return To Eden (Sun) 1030m 

4 Crossroads (Thus) 9.90m 

5 Crossroads (Tues) 9.65m 

6 Crossroads (Wed) 9.65m 

7 Summenma Speaa) 925m 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,110 


1 Dracula’s medical test (53). 

6 Produce whip (4). 

10 Tiring woman in the 
kitchen (7). 

11 Not altogether a normal 
achievement for a book- 
maker (7k 

12 Former top revolutionary 
returns to blackmail (9). 

• 13 Order a muie for the Mos- 
lem man of religion (5). 

- 14 Song of the Royal Horse 
Guards (5). 

15 Soporific saluie. say. to - 
Macbeth (9). 

17 Put out to grass? Leaves be- 
cause it could be true (9). 

20 Nothing about the worthless 
fellow is to be found (5). 

21 It's a sweet coat, one is 
heard to confess (5). 

23 To produce young soldiers 
initially trained is an 
achievement (9). 

25 No hope for Doubling 
Castle's owner (7). 

26 Sand-blaster makes one in a 
hundred blink perhaps (7). 

27 Sound feature — thev some- 
times have it in Parliament 

28 Patron who has perhaps 
been a merchant (10). 

3 The anxiety's remarkable — 
we’ve got a rocket, perhaps 
( 8 , 6 ). 

4 Like a riant, so getting up is 

hard (7)7 

5 So-called lion-man in jungle 

7 Small volume in bind survev 

8 Soldier stands by the Queen 
in armed vessel (9). 

9 Fashion school put bar on 
one with a dread of being 
hemmed in (14). 

14 Couch has been sat on and 
is worn-out (9). 

16 He promised to make gold 
for Mammon (9). 

18 Use horn madly to bring 
down to earth (7). 

19 Two medical specialists, 
note, are in agreement (7). 

22 Publish an impression (5). 


Organ recital by Christopher 
Deamley; Church of the Holy 
Trinity, Llandudno, 7.45. 

Recital by Harold Lester (pi- 
ano) and Gabrieli Lester (vi- 
olin); Cheritoa Church, 8. 

Cambridge Festival: Concert 
by the Royal Philharmonic Or- 
chestra; Ely Cathedral, 8; Mid- 
day music by the Cambridge 
Chamber Group; St Edward's 
Church, Canairidge. 1.10; Organ 
recital by John Scott; Trinity 
College Chapel. Cambridge, 

Concert of baroque chamber 
music by The Cambridge 
Musidq The FitzwQliam Mu- 
seum, Cambridge, 8. 

Recital by Winterborne 
Waytes; Hawkeshead Parish 
Church, 8. 

Organ recital by Philip 
Underwood and Graham Ec- 
des; Bangor Cathedral, 1.15. 

. Organ recital by David FbiJ- 
f lips: St Martin's Church, Scar- 
borough. 7.30. 

Talks and lectures 

Langdale January and July, 
by John White: Lake District 
National Park Visitor Centre. 
Brockhole, Windermere, 1.30. 

The Universe in Chaucer's 
Day, by Collin Ronan; The 
Orchard Suite. The County 
Hotel, High St, Cant erbu r y , 

53 a 


Medieval Market: street 
entertainment, knights in 
theatre, jugglers and Punch and 
Judy, Market Place. Chester- 
GeW. II to 9. 

What’s in a Building?: prac- 
tical investigation of different 
architectural features for 9 year 
olds upwards; The Com- 
mandery, Sidbnry, 1.30 to 3. 

8 Emnwrdale Farm (Tues) 9.15m 

9 News at Ten (Mon) 9.10m 

Wales and the West *85 Somerset: 
Inside lane and hard shoulder of north- 
bound carriageway dosed for rapaes. 
*31 Dorset by-pass work on Rmgwood 
to Wimbome road; delays at Femdown 
and CanfonJ BottontAS Clwyd: temporary 
lights and single line traffic: delays 
between Gobowan and Chirk. 

c= -7,f " u 

10 News at Ten | 

1 WBdSfe Showcase 4.55m 

2 The Travel Show 4^5m 

i iS^5sS“ R0 ““»* 4a " 

5 MASH 4.15m 

6 Sunday Grandstand 4JJ0m 

7 Moontightlng 3.95m 

8 krtemotior^Golt (Fri 16:42) 390m 

9 Fat City 3.80m 

10 kttwnational Cricket (Fri I6ri4) 

-The MknandK MS Hereford and 
Worcester contraflow continues between 
junctions 5 (Droltwich) and 4 
(Brofnsgiove)JW9 Shropshire: roadworks 
at Onlbury N of Ludlow and a 
Marshbroox near Church Stratton. *34 

Warwicfcslarp; temporary Bghts at High 
Street Hentoy-in-Ardam long delays 

London and Ow Saudi East *104 

Eppong Road. Waltham Abbey resurfac- 
ing at junction with woodnsddon; delays 
between 9.30am and 4pmA205 Cav- 
endsh Road. Clacham: work on S 
Crater road; single Hne traffic. *602: 
Little Wymondtey, Hertfbrdshire: tem- 
porary Hghts because of roadworks; long 

Channel 4 

1 Brockside (Tues/Sat) 6.55m 

2 BrooKsWe IMon/Satj 6.00m 

3 Dead End 3.30m 

n »rsss^s;* OT * ,d,,r 

3 Dead End 3.30m 

4 Cheers 3.05m 

5 SL Eisawhera 2.B5m 

6 International Athletics (Tues 21:0 0) 

7 International Athletics (Fri 21.-01) 


r m Paris 2.50m 
Kit Curran Radi 

Kit Curran Radio Show 2.40m 

10 TheTwrik^rt Zone 2.10m 

Bre a kfa s t t oftwiston : The average 
weekly figures for audnnees at peak 

tones (with figures in parenthesis 
showing the reach - the number of people 
who viewed tor at least three mutes): 
B8C1: Breaktost Time: Idon to Fri 
1.2 (7.0) 

TV -a nr Good Homing Britain Mon to Fri 
2.0 (9.7) Sat 2J3 (7.2) 

Sun 3.4 (132) 

Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. 

Births: Alexis Charles de 
Tocqaeville, historian, author of 
Democracy in America, Paris, 
1805; Benito Mussolini, prime 
minister of Italy, 1922-43, 
Predappio. 1883. 

Deaths: William WOberfbrce, 
London. 1833; Robert Scho- 
nmnn, Ge rman y, 1856; Vincent 
van Gogh, committed suicide, 
1890; Gordon Craig, aaor, 
director and designer, Venice, 

The Spanish Armada was 
routed, 1588. 

Li. 3. 

'-'•i t 
:• March I 1 

riu c-.u 

Mr rvj 

Li ghting -iip thnp 

London 9-24 pm to 4^1 am 
Bristol 9JJ3 pm to 5.1 am 
Eiflatagfa 957 pm to 443 an 

1 957 pm to 443 an 
er 9.41 pm to 451 am 
940 pm to 5.18 am 

Pensioners’ rights 

Sun Rain 

severe 115 - 

D rtffikiglon 115 

Clearer log 

t awe itun 107 

Ctecton 115 

«kHt1cq *st * 

Fotostone 55 - 

M M «un ny 

22 72 sunny 
24 re aunny 

23 73 sumy 


40 to ongne 

The pound 

Tlmn Portfolio Cold rales are as 


1 Times Portfolio is free. Purchase 
of The Times is not a condition of 
Wkinc pari. 

S Times Portfolio list comprises a 
group of public companies whose 
shares are listed on Ihe Stock 
Exchange and ouoicd in The Times 
Slock Exchange prices page. The 
companu* comprising that list will 
rhangc from day lo day. The list 
■ which ts numbered 1 - 441 is divided 
into four randomly dKiribulcd groups 
of 1 1 snares. Every Portfolio card 
contains iwo numbere from each 
group and each card contains a 
unique set of numbers. 

It tf for any reason The Tlim 

Prices Page is not puUlshed In the 
normal wav Times Portfolio will be 
suspended for lhai day. 

How to play - Doily Dhridnd 

On each day your unique set of dght 
numbers will represent commercial 

numbers will represent commercial 
and Industrial shares published in The 
Times Portfolio list which will appear 
on me Slock Exchange Prices page. 

In Ihc columns provided next to 
vour shares note the price change i+ 
or i. in pence, as pubUsbed to that 
day's Times. 

Age Concern have published a 
booklet explaining benefits for 

Four Rights for Pensioners: 
90p (ind p&p) from Marketing 
Department (PR25). Age Con- 
cern England, 60 Pitcairn Rd. 
Mitcham, Surrey CR4 3LL, or 


tUteU h i 

X ■ - 
5.1 - 

2j0 - 

5.1 - 

49 - 

5-1 - 

60 - 
5.6 . 

6j0 - 

&2 . 
55 .01 
47 52 

- 19 66 bright' 


20 68 doudy 

21 70 brigM 
IB 68 aunny 
19 G6 sumy 
23 73 doify 
19 66 rein 

Sun Rato 
| Ire h 

gSreltoy &7 

W n re cren ba 25 

OeuglH - 51 

ig riow a.i 

-BSfiS '8 : 
SStB i if : 


CM 2,7 M 

£ F 

20 66 etauclf 
19 68 Mgjur 

19 « dud. 
14 57 rtei 


19 86 cloody 

2 TO doud, 
21 70 my 

5 53 

H UitS-. 


24 He obviously won, playing 
with puuer (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,109 


• 1 Fiendish advice to Gobbo 

2 Pul laiger ruff on public- 
spirited page (9). 

Concise crossword page 14 


e 15 .ia n - • r, ■ 
15 • is? ffi 'B- IS 0 

E fS B E .R 



n B E D'E 0 fiij 

Australia S 

Austria Scb 
Belgium Fr 
Canada S 
Denmark Kr 

France Fr 
Germany Dm 
Greece Dr 
Hong Kong $ 
betand Pt 
Italy Urn 
Japan Van 

Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Atnca Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Fr 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

3 Time* portfolio -duiderxT writ be 
the figure in pence which represents 
the optimum movement in prim >i e. 
the largest increase or iowesl loss) of a 
combination of eight <lwo from each 
randornii' dhtributeogroup wllhln Uie 
*4 tfurrci of the ad shares which on 
any one day comprise The Times 
Portfolio It«. 

After listing the price changes of 
your otghi shares for mat day. add up 
all eight share changes lo give you 
your overall iota! plus or minus i+ or - 


45 51 
65 52 
65 51 
43 .06 
68 55 
24 52 

_ Check your overall tola) against The 
Times Portfolio dividend punished on 
i he Slock Exchange prices page. 

If your overall total matches The 
Times Port! olio dividend you have 
won ouinght or a share of I he lot^i 
prize money staled for that day and 
must claim your prize as instructed 

4 The daily dividend will be 

announced each day and the weekly 
dividend will be announced each 
Sal ur das in The Tunes 
„ S Times Portfolio list and defalk, of 
the daiiv or weekly dividend will abo 
be ji aiiabie lor inspection ai the 
offices of The Times. 

ft K hip overall price movement or 
more than one combination of sham 
■"W**!* the dividend, the prize will be 
euualb' divided among the rlahnanls 
noidlng those combi nations of shares. 

7 AH claims are sublect lo scrutiny 
oefoC'- pdynvcnl. Any Times Portfolio 
card that is defaced, tampered with or 
incorreclly primed in any way will be 
declared void 

How to play - Weekly Dnttmd 

Monday Saturday record your daily 
Portfolio I Dial 

Add these together lo dclcrmine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

If your total matches the published 
weeklv df v Idend figure you have wan 
outright or a share of the prize money 
staled for that week, and must claim 
your prize as Instructed below. 

Temperatures at midday yesterday; e. 
doud: f. fair; r, rata s. sun. 

C F C F 

C1864 Ouenreuy c?661 
B'lmgham r 1864 tmonren f 1864 
BUKdtMMl r 1601 Jorsuy c1966 
griaw r 1783 Loadofl c2170 
CanWt c 1763 M'nobster r 1763 
fAnbuigb c Ifl 64 Newcastle 12272 
Glasgow r 1661 ffnldmy rlSS9 

M 68 rein 


ScUyWM 6J7 - 

*■■«»■» &6 51 

19 66 am 
21 70 sunny 

1j4 2T 
13 34 
R2 .58 
45 .16 
13 .15 

65 52 
■ 65- 52 

A h ea d i an - S j." 

at 55 

23 58 

33 52 

M 2 teto 
19 66. showers 
17 63 ahoiven 

If S "#■ 

16 m- shower* 
14 g min - 

19- Wrato; 

» ® ahovrere 
W 66 bright 
.l9 showere 
19 66 shomn 



- .. m 




are Sixidsys Bgunre 

19 66 br(gtt 

J ^£5^4 



Tower Bridge 

of r b. 1 

TotaptaBM TTw Ureas Po rttote riatore 
Hne ns4-532.n batwno leans and 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at! 30. 7.1 5, 7.45pm 

Aiacdo s 27 
Akrotof s 29 
AfexMrii s 29 
Afgtara s 28 
AmsTdra r 21 

as. 129 

\ii%ss, *#kw 


; i a asr* : I £ “ sstju 


uspm, Mtfndayymmndl total 
oretCMs TM Times PonfoUo Dtvhtena. 
No GURU can ba accept autuda ttresa 

Rates tar smal danorilinafion bank notes 

! 8 Emplnyees of News International 
tic and ils subsidiaries and of 
buropnnl Croup Limited (producers 
and dirtribulors of the card) Or 
members of their immediaie ramilios 
. ace not allowed to play Times 

Our address 

You musl have your card with you 
when .vou telephone. 

11 you are unable to telephone 
someone efse can claim on vour benair 
faui ihev must have your card and call 
Thf Times Portfolio claims line 
between the stipulated umes. 

no responsibility ran be screwed 
for failure 10 contact Ihc claims office 
for any reason wllhin the staled 

9 All pamrlmnis will be subject to 
those Rules All instructions on "how 

to Play and how to claim whether 
nubllstied in The Times or in Times 
i Portfolio cards will be deemed 10 be 
; part oi ih«e Rules. The Editor 
revnrs the right to amend the Rules 
to In anv dispute The Editor's 
decision is final and no correspon- 
dence will be cnlcred Into 


Retell Price indeic 38S5 

Loridotesw ft indax closed up 0.1 at 

intormauon - for inclusion in The 
Tlmw informal ion service should bo 
veni lo-The .Editor. TTK. TTio Times. 
E? 9XJVI 7 ' 1 v * r 9tol* Street. London. 

f 30 86 Geneva 
f 26 79 Shag* 
S"“ „ s 3? 8> UtostoM. 
Brewtor s 30 86 HooaK 
ftonto s 31 88. iw%cff 
s 3t 88 Istanbul 
f 22 72 Jeddah 

f 30 86- 
f 31 « 

- C 26 79 

5 29 84 Fare s 29 84 mSF.'m « -f.52.a 

fiwetona s 26 79 Ratchal I 22 te 1 M S - C 2ff 79 

i s? si saiL 5 » SB - c S * s a 

Tin’ above instructions are 
pllcahlc lo both daily and we 
dividend claims 

I**3t>. Pnnlerf In I ondon Pov iPrini 
ervi Liniilwl of 1 \ irgmijh sueel 
tSli! 9 " £l 4SN TiknCiv. lull 29. 

A5?WtSiS^ “ J dl 

B Aires 
Cato) . 
Capo Tn 

» 31 88 NDeid. 
* 36.79 MUMP 1 : 




- -iSaSSL 

s 26 77 UtajS-; l '* * g || « 

Chicago* - & 30 86 Lurambg. f 24 -75 ninrt»*i ■' 5 5?- S ? 

c -1* 57 jSSto® rS-2'SSSE . .lUS^S 

:V ; ' ritowtts Mondays f^uraa aril 

» 8i 70.«5S i&S 

£ S ® Toreute*. s 2 S 77 
c.19 6ff Tunis'- • 9-3S.07 - 

.*£$&£ Rsasi^ 

f- gfeh, 

<U§f * 


High Tides 

, i 


v- - 
v.-: • 
j?v i 




sJLvwia fftifS 

5$g% ; 


cenire - -’ f/el| u^f 


j hsaes .-*" 11 

«'-ata£ “aifc^fc 
‘- n 5. inchJ- ^som^ 

i '“efa.*: 

' SlKi , 

; &V’ 

' r ';^'S 


1 !h- 

: Jasfli,;;. “ 

• •^'T.isiers vvere w. 


. /- '-'• ow Chief iff 

U I \T min ^ 

;.; .> t were conC 

r-;-.. 11 *» Mid Ife' ^ 


’>■• Anthoni KsnWr 


X ? '■ -i? of ih- Cno^ 
^-;.r‘ ;: ■- -mniuee 

,3 . ,!3 w*< 

t: 12- Jim n»' 

..... “ '‘*«5iaiB|c 

:*.- !l -r 4 : -“21 Sir 
• •’• ; ■■ :, r ^“ nonenud I®' 
;■"■■;. _ e '*;n!. "bm t ' 





Kenneth Fleet 
Executive Editor 


FT 30 Share 
1263.8 (+0.1) 
FT-SE 100 
1549.4 (+3.6) 

USM (Data stream) 

122.22 (-0.37) 


US Dollar 
1.4770 (-0.0040) 

WGemtan mark 
3.1283 (-0.0544) 

71.7(-1 J3) 

Austin Reed 

Mr Pieter Reed has resigned 
from Austin Reed group, the 
clothing manufacturer and re- 
tailer. as managing director of 
the British retailing operation. 
’ : He is the brother of Mr 
Barry Reed, the group execu- 
tive chairman, and has been 
with the company for 26 years. 

Mr Neil Fittoo, group man- 
aging director, will for the 
time being lake over the 
running of the British retail 
operation from the end of next 
month when Mr Reed leaves. 
Them are 39 retail outlets in 
Britain all trading as Austin 
Reed. Although Austin Reed 
has been expanding in manu- 
facturing its retailing opera- 
tions are still the biggest part 
of the business. 

Hillards up 

Hillards, the Northern- 
based supermarket group, lift- 
ed pretax profits by 10 per cent 
to £8.5 minion last year. Sales 
were 93.. per cent ahead at 
.£281 million. Shareholders 
receive a 13.8 per cent in- 
crease in dividends to 3.30p a 
. share. Tempos, page 22 

Reuters soars 

Reuters' pretax profit 
jumped 314 per cent to £573 
million for the six months to 
June 30. Revenues were up 
26.1 per cent to £2683 mil- 
lion- The interim dividend 
was - increased by 0 5p to 
L7Sp- ; Tempos, page 22 

Norton jumps 

Norton Opax, the specialist 
printing, publishing and pack- 
aging group, made taxable 
profits of £53 million m the 
year ending March 31, against 
£2.7. million the previous year. 

Tempos, page 22 

Fraser shuffle 

Mr AJ.B. Mawdsley. who 
joined the House of Fraser 
board in March 1985, has 
resigned along with Mr W.G. 
Crossan and Mr Ernest Sharp. 
Mr S.W. Frith has been ap- 
pointed a director. 

BET claim 

BET’S offer document for 
HAT Group, published yester- 
day, accused Mr David Tell- 
ing. HAT chairman, of 
making unrealistic and unreli- 
able annual statements in 
most of the last five years. 
HAT replied there was noth- 
ing new in the document and 
the terms undervalued the 

Telex service 

Cable & Wireless will begin 
an international telex service 
next month for customers 
directly connected to its Mer- 
cury network. 

Comment 23 

Tempos 22 

Cuipny News 22 
Slock Market 23 
Foreign Ex eta 23 
Traded Opts 23 
Share Pies 25 

Wad Street 22 
Money Mrkts 23 
Unit Trusts 24 
Commodities 74 
USM Prices 24 
Apptmts 22 

Inr Trusts 24 

Opec strains push 
oil prices lower 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Crude oil prices fen yester- 
day as the first day's meeting 
in Geneva of the crucial 
Organisation of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries confer- 
ence on production quotas 
dearly demonstrated the ex- 
tent of Opec's disarray. 

North Sea Kent price for 
September delivery slid yes- 
terday to S9.35, down IScents 
on Friday's dose. The August 
price dropped to $8.90 from 
$9 on Friday while October 
delivery was quoted at $9.70 
against Friday's $9.80. Dubai 
crude was at $7.60, down 10 
cents on the weekend price. 

There are increasing expec- 
tations that crude oil prices 
will drop further bringing the 
prospect of a further decline in 
petrol retail prices. But on the 
markets yesterday there was 
only a marginal decline in 
premium petrol prices at S 1 27 

a tonne compared with Si 28 
on Friday. 

Trading was generally quiet 
on the oil markets as every- 
body waited to see what Opec 
could achieve. 

The Geneva meeting, called 
in an atmosphere of growing 
crisis, was adjourned until this 
morning after only 90 minutes 
and the 13 oil ministers 
immediately started a series of 
bilateral meetings. . 

The strain was already 
showing through. The United 
Arab Emirates (UAE) oil min- 
ister, Dr Mana Said al-Oteiba, 
said the conference faced “an 
impossible mission.” The con- 
ference chairman, Mr 
Rilwami Lukman, the Nigeri- 
an oil minister, said he be- 
lieved there was still “a real 
possibility” of securing an 
accord on production quotas. 

Sheikh Ahmed 2!aki Yama- 
ni. the Saudi oil minister. 

wasasfced if the mood of the 
talks bad been positive. “It 
takes time but we have to 
reach agreement,” he said. 

As the conference under- 
lined the deep divisions in 
Opec the authoritative Petrol 
Intelligence Weekly reported 
yesterday that Opec members 
had lost almost SI 00 million 
(£67 million) a day in 'oil 
revenues in the first half of 
this year 

Many of the Opec producers 
are said to be showing revenue 
losses of at feast 50 per cent. 
But Saudi Arabia, which has 
boosted its oil output and laid 
on additional on-sea storage 
by chartering more supertank- 
ers, is despite the price col- 
lapse reported to be earning 
more from oil exports than 
last summer. 

At the Opec conference in 
Brioni, Yugoslavia, a month 
ago there was an agreement by 

a 9 to 4 majority to limit total 
production to 17.6 million 
barre ls per day (bpd). The 
meeting was adjourned while 
delegates consulted their gov- 
ernments over suggested quo- 
tas and yesterday's meeting 
opened with outlines from the 
1 3 members of their responses 
it was clear that a number of 
the countries were taking a 
hard line against a background 
of oil production within Opec 
of nearly 20 million bpd. The 
Saudis are reported to have 
boosted their output to about 
6 million bpd against a quota 
of 4.5 million. The UAE is 
pumping about 1.5 million 
bpd against a quota of just 
over I million. 

Kuwait, one of the strongest 
backers of the Saudi policy of 
refusing to cut production 
until other Opec members do 
so. has akn sharply raised its 

Sheikh Yamani yesterday: “We have to reach agreement.” 

Sterling and dollar slide 

Sterling and the dollar both 
fell sharply yesterday, while 
the mark and the yen rose on 
unofficial reports that the two 
countries with strong trade 
surpluses might not cut their 
already low interest rates 

A Middle East rumour early 
yesterday, that Mrs Thatcher 
was about to resign, set a 
bizarre tone for a day of wide 
movements in currencies on 
the foreign exchange markets. 

The Bank of England’s ster- 
ling index opened at 71.7 
against 73 on Friday evening 
and after a slight recovery 
relapsed to close at 71.7 in 
mid-afternoon. The pound 
gained against the dollar 
thereafter to end at $1.4790 in 
London against $1.4675 earli- 
er in the day, but still more 
than half a cent down on the 

By Graham Searjeant, Financial Editor 
closing figure of 



Sterling continued to fall 
against the mark as sellers 
took their lead from the 
weakening oil price and the 
omens of the meeting of the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries. After 
opening 6 pfennigs down at 
DM3.1338, the slide resumed 
more gently later in the after- 
noon to DM3.1296. 

Dealers sold the dollar short 
in front of tomorrow's release 
of US trade figures for June 
and the American currency 
could rebound in the short run 
if these show much improve- 
ment on the $14 billion trade 
deficit for May. 

The dollar fell more than 2 
yen to 155.62 in New York 
trading and plunged from DM 
2.1525 over the weekend to 
DM 2.1085, breaking straight 

through what had been a 
support level at DM2.1200. 

The Bank of England is not 
thought to be perturbed about 
the value of sterling, although 
it will be watching closely to 
see if anything like a run 
develops. There was little 
reaction on the stock market. 

The dollar remains the 
weakest currency as the Feder- 
al Reserve Board tries to 
stimulate domestic industry 
with lower interest rates, 
which no longer provide much 
support for the currency of an 
economy running large trade 

While Mr Paul Volcker, the 
Fed's chairman, expressed 
some worries about the possi- 
bility of a headlong flight from 
the .dollar last week, the US 
authorities are still willing to 
see the dollar foil against the 
mark and yen. 

Salvesen to 
of building 

By Our City Staff 

Christian Salvesen, the Ed- 
inburgh-based food distribu- 
tion group, is selling its 
housebuilding business for 
about £50 million. 

A number of companies 
have pul in bids for the 
operation, which has been 
building around 2,000 homes 
a year, mainly in Scotland and 
the North of England. 

Profits have not been dis- 
closed but have probably been 
abouty £4.5 million a year. 

Last night Mr Bany Seatey, 
the managing director, said: 
“We've been in the business 
for 20 years but don’t think we 
have been able to earn the sort 
of returns to make H worth- 
while carrying on. We are not 
operating in the South-east of 
England which has buoyed up 
profits for most people. The 
cost of moving into that area 
at this stage would be prohibi- 
tive because of high land 

Christian Salvesen, which 
came to the stock market just 
over a year ago, intends to 
concentrate on its traditional 
food processing and distribu- 
tion operations. It already 
handles Marks and Spencer's 
chilled foods. 

The majority of the houses 
being built by Christian 
Salvesen have been priced 
towards the lower end of the 
market, although there are 
more expensively pitched 
properties ra some of the more 
affluent pockets of the North. 



Dow Jones 
Nikkei Dow 
Hong Kong: 

Hang Sang 

Amsterdam: Gan 

Sydney- AO 

Commerzbank — 

. 1785.71 (-2433) 
1603894 (+5830) 

18433 (-84) 


Paris: CAC — 


SKA General 49880 (same) 
London closing prices Page25 



Bank Base: 10% 

3-momb Interbank 1 
. s^nontft eflgWs 

buying rate' 

Prime Rate 
Federal Funds 

3-inofltft Treasury Bfflr 534*83% 
30-year bonds 97%-ST 3 is 


£ DM3.1283 
£SwFi 2.5079 
£ FFr10.1285 
£Yen 23856 
£ Indac71.7 

New York: 

£ $1.4870 
£ DM2.1150 
$: Index: 112.7 

ECU £0.672618 
SOR £0.79814 



Dwek Group 

Matthew dark 515p 

RH Lowe J15p 

Haute 193p 

Motivate Moore 200p 

NMC investments — I35p 

Conroy Pet 161p 

Norscot Hoteto 131p( 

Bentox 48p 

United Scientific 165p 

Bodycote — 300p 

j Smurfit 254p 


DJ Alarms 

Johnston Group 




IZOp +10p) 
— 1+IOp) 



.16 Op 


. 555p 
. 337p 


- 198p(-4p 
.. 440p (-27p 

— 98p (~12p 




Ndw Yoric 

Comax $354.70-355.20 


Brent (Sept) $9.30 bN (S9.40) 

Roger Felben Going for full quote after £50m tixrnround. 

Parkfield to seek listing 

By Cliff Fettham 

Three years ago the 
Parkfield Group, then an aO- 
(Bg foundry bssisess, was 
worth £330,000- Today, after a 
string of acquisitions, its stock 
market value is £50 million. 

Mr Roger Felber, a former 
Air Florida executive who 
turned the business around, 
yesterday announced another 
big surge la profits with plans 
to switch the' company from 
the junior Unlisted Securities 
Market to the main market. 

Parkfield, now in engmeer- 
raz, electrical and distrioutum, 
raised pretax profits to £23 
million from just £374,000, 

This figure has now been re- 
stated to £1.2 million, which 
wonM have been the total if 
new acquisitions had contrib- 
uted for the fall year. 

Stockbrokers believe the 
company will make about £8£ 
million this year, benefiting 
from its pturchases-Thas, 
Parkfield ’s turnover has risen 
from £45 million just over n 
year ago to £100 BtiUhm. 

Mr Felber, who has seen his 
own shareholding go up from 
about £100,000 to £4.8 mfllioa 
based oa yesterday’s price of 
535p, said he had not worked 
any magic formula. 

US jeans 
to merge 

Wyomissing, ft (Reuter) — 
Two leading denim manufoc- 
turers have agreed terms in a 
multi-million dollar takeover 
that will link three of the 
world's best-known brands of 
blue jeans. 

Lee jeans will merge with its 
Wrangler and Rustler counter- 
parts after the agreement, to 
be signed by VF Corporation 
and Blue Beil Holding Co Inc. 
under which VF will acquire 
Blue Bell for cash and shares. 

VF makes Lee jeans while 
Blue Bell stitches Wrangler 
and Rustler jeans among other 

The combination of VPs 
Lee jeans, the country's third 
most popular brand of denim 
trousers, with Blue Bell's 
Wrangler and Rustler lines 
would give the merged group 
about 25 per cent of the 
nation's jeans business, ac- 
cording to Wall Street ana- 

Thai should pose a chal- 
lenge to Levi Strauss and Co, 
which has about 30 per cent of 
the jeans market, analysts 

VF said in a statement that 
under the agreement it will 
pay $122.5 million (£83 mil- 
lion) cash and about 5.3 
million shares of its common 
stock for all of the 3.6" vitUlion 
shares of Blue Bell, which 
became privately held in 1984 
through a management-led 
leveraged buyout. 

The deal is subject to adjust- 
ment for up to another 
590,000 shares if VFs share 
price fells below $31,625 dur- 
ing an averaging period. 

The boards of both compa- 
nies approved the definitive 
merger agreement, VF said. 

Comtech cuts 
Mnemos stake 

Combined Technologies 
Corp is reducing its stake in 
Mnemos to 19 per cent from 
the present 54 percent. All the 
assets and liabilities of 
Mnemos will be transferred to 
a new US company in return 
for a 36 per cent stake. 

A group of investors led by 
Alan fttricof Associates will 
subscribe $8.5 million (£5.7 
million) for the remaining 64 

Mnemos yesterday reported 
a loss on ordinary activities 
before interest -of $5 J3 mil- 
lion in the year to March 31. 
just over half the $1021 
million lost in the previous 12 

Foreign governments and 
firms face US tax battle 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

Another potential tax battle 
between the US on one side 
and foreign companies and 
governments on the other is 
shaping up as Congressional 
officials rush to complete 
sweeping tax reform legisla- 
tion by mid-August 

Foreign companies have a 
lot at stake in the historic 
legislation which contains nu- 
merous. little-publicized pro- 
visions eliminating or cur- 
tailing tax advantages for 
foreign investors operating in 
the US. 

US Senate and House of 
Representatives officials hope 
to raise between £5.6 billion 
and $1 1.6 billion in new taxes 
from foreign companies and 
governments by reassessing 
accountancy procedures and 
eliminating deductions. 

The proposals could affect 
everyone from the Queen, 
with her sizeable investments 
... America, to siatwwned 
foreign companies which in- 
vest m US corporations. 

Under the Senate version of 
ihe Bill for example, foreign 
governments would be re- 
quired for the first time to pay 
taxes on their investments in 
US corporations. Since, so 
many foreign corporations are 
owned or partially controlled 
by governments, the measure 
would have for-reaching ef- 
fects, officials said. 

House and Senate officials, 
meeting to reconcile differ- 
ences in the . two versions of 
die complex tax BilL have 
been lobbied heavily by for- 
eign companies and govern- 
ments to eliminate any of the 

A British official said the 
new conflict is taking place 
even as European and Japa- 
nese officials put increased 
pressure on the US to resolve 
an old dispute over the unitary 
tax system which. Jias yet to be 
settled satisfactorily in the 
opinion of the UK. officials 
and other governments. 

Among the most heavily 

contested pro visions in the 
new tax Bill are proposals 
making changes in the deter- 
mination of where income is 
earned. The Bill would also 
change the formula under 
which deductions for business 
operations and expenses are 
taken, primarily by changing 
the location of the deductions. 

At present companies are 
granted flexibility in stating 
where they want to recognize 
income earned. This allows 
US firms to place abroad up to 
half of their income from 
exports, thus minimizing their 
use of the foreign tax credit 
against that income. 

New proposals would re- 
quire the income to be 
deemed earned in the place 
where the company is incor- 
porated, This almost always 
places it in the US and in 
many cases would raise sharp- 
ly the taxes paid. 

The new tax Bill contains 
more than 40 provisions af- 
fecting corporate tax payers. 

Coalite bids £81i 
for Hargreaves 

By Teresa Poole 

Coalite Group, the cash-rich 
company with diversified in- 
terests in fuel, transport and 
builders' merehaming, yester- 
day launched an £81.3 million 
bid for Hargreaves Group. 

A merger would create one 
of the largest fuel oil distribu- 
tors in Britain, with about 6 
per cent of the markeL 

Coalite, which controls the 
Falkland Islands Company, 
has itself recently been 
rumoured as a takeover candi- 
date, with IC Gas, the owners 
of Calor. said to be a prospec- 
tive bidder. Mr Eric Variey. 
chairman of Coalite, denied 
that the bid for Hargreaves 
was defensive and said he had 
received no approaches. 

The board has requested a 
meeting with Hargreaves and 
is seeking a recommendation. 
But Mr Variey added: “Whilst 
it is desirable to have an 
agreed bid, if that is not 
possible we will still go 

Hargreaves issued a holding 
statement telling shareholders 
to take no action while the 

board consulted its financial 
advisers. Both companies 
hold their annual meetings 
this week. 

The terms of the bid are one 
Coalite share and 600p for 
every four Hargreaves shares 
which is worth 224p a share. 
Coalite shares closed yester- 
day at 296p, down 4p. Har- 
greaves gained 45p to 230p. 

Coalite already owns 4.6 
percent of Hargreaves and has 
for some time been looking for 
acquisitions. The £54.4 mil- 
lion needed to meet the cash 
element of the bid will be 
drawn from Coalite's £80 
million cash pile. 

• The two fuel distribution 
businesses complement each 
other geographically with 
Coalite operating in London 
and the South-east and Har- 
greaves based in the North. 

Hargreaves last month an- 
nounced a 27 per cent increase 
in pretax profits to just over £9 

Coalite's latest results show 
profits up by 17 per cent to 
£39.4 million. 

US firm 

By Lawrence Lever 

Mr John McArthur, a direc- 
tor of KJeinwort Benson, is 
joining PrudentiaJ-Bacbe Se- 
curities. to head its UK mer- 
chant banking side. 

Mr McArthur, who said 
yesterday that he bad received 
“a very warm” but not a 
golden handshake from Pru- 
dential, has been deputy bead 
of coiporaie finance at 
KJeinwort as well as a member 
of Kleinwon's membership 

Mr McArthur described 
himself, “with all due 
modesty” as “the first senior 
corporate finance person” to 
have been recruited by the 
American finance houses in 

He expects to spend several 
millions before the end of the 
year recruiting from leading 
banks and stockbrokers six 
director-level corporate fi- 
nance people. 

He is not, however, bringing 
a ready made team from 
KJeinwort with him. because, 
he says,”! don't like to behave 
that way”. 

He has worked for 
KJeinwort for 26 years but 
expects that after the an- 
nouncement of his new job 
yesterday, he says will be 
leaving by the end of this 

Prudential Bacfae is a sub- 
sidiary of the Prudential In- 
surance Company of America 
which, with assets of more 
than $116 billion, is the 
world's largest private non- 
banking institution. 

The Prudential — which has 
no connection with the British 
Prudential Corporation, the 
largest UK life insurance com- 
pany — has invested approxi- 
mately £100 million over the 
last two-and-a-half years to 
develop its UK banking and 
securities operations 

It already owns an equities 
broker and a money broker, as 
well as having setups gilts 
primary dealership and also 
purchased Give Discount, the 
discount house, for £12 

The formal position for Mr 
McArthur, who is 51 and says 
that he will not have a service 
contract, will be chairman of 
UK merchant banking at P-B 
Capital Funding. 

More small firms seek advice 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

The Government's Small 
Firms Service, now part of the 
Department of Employment 
counselled 35.116 small busi- 
nesses last year, an increase of 
3 per cent according to the 
first annual report on the 
service since it started life in 
the early 1 970s. 

A new trend is for estab- 
lished businesses to get more 
help, offering a greater opporr 
tunity to aid industrial and 

commercial growth and in- 
crease the number of jobs, said 
Mr David Trippier. minister 
for small businesses. 

But young start-up busi- 
nesses still get the most help. 
Just over half of the' small 
businesses counselled last year 
were sun-ups, another 34 per 
cent being firms with up to 
two employees and 1 4 per cent 
with three or more employees. 

Nearly 300 counsellors 

spent nearly a third of their 
efforts in providing support 
for those in the enterprise 
allowance scheme run by the 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion. There are increasing 
links between the small firms 
service and local enterprise 

The net gain in small busi- 
nesses was still comfortably 
over 30,000 in 1984. 



GOtsstin offer a return of nearly IO% a year— 
7!£% higher than the current inflation rate! 

Last week’s rise in gilt yields represents an excellent new buying opportunity. Interest 
rates are still forecast to fall further -and remember as they fall the CAPITAL VALUE OF 


/Etna’s new GILT-EDGED BOND offers one of the 

* Initial 5% saving over most gilt funds. 

*f» H uge cost savings over di rect 

sfcGiltsare unconditionally 
guaranteed by the Government 


profits from Gilts 

❖ Management by Phillips 6 Drew- 

voted top for gilt research by 
‘Institutional Investor’ poll. 

sfcFund I3%betterthantheFTAII 
Stocks Fixed Interest Index since its 
launch (Feb 1986)- nearly 5 times 

* Up to 10% a year income facility. 


/Ctna ts the UK arm of ihe worlds largesi publidy quoted insurance group, with 
asseisequivaleni io£38 000.000 000 

/ttnaLifelnsuranceCompanvLrd 401 Si lohnStreei. London EClV4QERes No 1760220 

Pteasecompleieand send ihe coupon in an envelope addressed to /Etna Lite Insurance Company Ud 
FREEPOST London ECIB INA Or phone ourCusiomer Care Cent ve -dial 100 and ask the operator lor 
FREEFONE /Eina The Centre isopen 8am to 8pm each weekday 
Please send me mv FREE Guide to Giltsanddetailsof the/Etna GIU-EDGED BOND to 


Address — 


Named usual Professional adviser. 

|l.< 111 1. 1.-4 TT»nl-l 

P S It you are self -employed or have no company 
pension please tick the bos so we can also send 
wu details of /El na s new Gilt- Edeed Pension 

Bond □ 





Dow opens lower 

New York (Agencies) — 
Share prices recovered most of 
their early losses yesterday, 
after bolding technical support 
just above 1,800- 
A decline In the bond mar- 
ket ahead of the Treasury 
refunding lent a bearish un- 
dertone, although some inves- 
tors believed that the pressure 
on bonds was caused by opti- 
mism on a finning economy. 

Declining stocks outnum- 
bered the rising ones by six to 

five on a volnme of 29 million 
shares. Safeway was an active 
stock, np by 5 to 66% — a 
leveraged . buyout agreement 
has been reached at 69 a 

The Dow Jones Industrial 
average slipped by 1.04 points 
to 1,809. On Friday, it jumped 
by 18.42 to 1,810.04. 

Allied Signal jumped by VA 
to 43%. Reports of share buy- 
backs or a restructuring have 
helped the shares to rise. 

stands to 
lose tin cases 

US urges 
Japan to 

• E> to ctiosjiamm b B«.k Mann Mutt ana aue pSWOupUl hated yUaauMS 

Legal action against the 
British and the other 21 
governments who were signa- 
tories to the 6th International 
Tin Agreement, has already 
been taken by one metal 
broker. The signs are that 
many more writs will follow 
soon and, importantly, that 
the British Government 
thinks they may well succeed. 

Tinco Realisations, a group 
of 1 1 metal broken claiming 
to have lost at least £160 
million (and possibly more 
than £400 million) from the 
tin crisis on outstanding con- 
tracts held with the Interna- 
tional Tin Council, is fairly 
advanced down the legal path. 

Spearheaded by Mr Michael 
Arnold, the former receiver of 
the National Union of 
Mineworkers, Tinco has 
sought and received support- 
ive legal opinion on its rights 
vis a vis the member govern- 
ments of the ITG 

The Government is remain- 
ing conspicuously silent on 
why it denies liability under 
the 6th JTA. A spokesman 
from the Department of Trade 
and Industry said yesterday: 
“All I can say is that we accept 
no legal liability.” 

The Government is well 
aware that it is likely to lose 
any law case brought against 
it, and admits as much in a 
confidential document pre- 
pared by officials in 

It knows that if it is liable in 
law then it cannot hide behind 
the cloak of sovereign immu- 
nity. To quote the document: 

. .In the case of the member 
countries there would also be 
no immunity since that is the 
position in respect of commer- 
cial contracts under the ordi- 
nary rules of international 

As for establishing the li- 
ability of the member coun- 
tries, the document says that 
“there could well be a liability 
of the member countries of the 
Council, over and above the 
amounts of their original con- 

tributions, to fund the 

The document -says there 
are two possible bases in 
British law for this conclusion. 
One is that “the member 
countries held out the BSM 
(Buffer Stock Manager) as 
having authority to act for 
them as their agent on these 
transactions: they would 
therefore be liable as princi- 
pals (and not as members of 
the Council) on the 
contracts'". ■ 

The second is: “The mem- 
ber countries, through their 
aquiescence, had warranted to 
third parties that the Council 
had capacity and that the BSM 
had authority, and would then 
be liable for breach of 

It is worth remembering 
that that legal advice was 
prepared at the time of the 
Government's participation 
in the attempts by the ITCs 
member countries to reach a 
solution to the tin crisis. 

The legal opinion also ap- 
peals to have gone some way 
towards determining the lin e 
the Government has taken 
subsequently. After all, by 
arguing that the Bank of 
England had warned the Lon- 
don Metal Exchange that ITC 
member governments would 
not stand behind the BSM, the 
Government is effectively try- 
ing to negate the ostensible 
authority and breach of war- 
ranty arguments quoted 
above, which it clearly consid- 
ers can be levied against it. 

The final word on the legal 
issues should be left to the 
Government It says that the 
ITA “does not itself provide 
that the liability of members is 
limited and there are some 
authoritative indications that 
it is not possible for member 
countries of organizations 
such as the ITC to escape 
liability to third parties when 
the funds of these organiza- 
tions are insufficient to meet 
its debts.” 

Lawrence Lever 

Tokyo, (Ranter) -Mr Mal- 
colm Baldrige, American 
Commerce Secretary, yester- 
day proof tint Ja- 

pan wonld increase its imports 
from the United States. 

In a series of meetings with 

Prime Minister Yasahire 
Nakaaooe and his new foreign 
and trade ntinistexs, Mr 
Baldrige stressed that Japan 
would face more American 
trade harriers if ft foiled to 
raise imports. 

Nonon Opax’s foil-year prof- conaderauon 
its of £U million were turning its atl 
slightly above best expecta- Therejre It 
tions and represented a 135 and cheque pi 
ner cent increase on the nines oversea 
previous year’s profits The aging capacrt 
shares, however, up 3p at expanded. Th 
I38p yesterday, are exactly cent.;- 

where they were eight months Trai ll 

ago, when the interim figures n i l B n a 

were announced. Hfiiartk w , 

Uncertainty over the 

considerations, Norton is 
turning its attentions abroad. 
There are lucrative fottery 
and cheque printing opportu- . 
nities overseas, it says. Pack- 
aging capacity is also being 
expanded. The yield is 3.6 per 
cent V- 

This year will benefit from 
the new stores . but the balance 
shed will hate to' fcany the 
burden of the opening cbs& 
A rightsissueoannot be ruled 
out, but the shares, at 'T90p, 
down from. a peak of 250p, 
are unlikely to retreat farther 
while bid speculation 

M«lw»lm Balrtri gei threats rf 
more trade barriers 

Mr Baldrige told Mr 
Nabune that the Reagan 
Administration was losing 
credibility becaase the Ameri- 
can trade deficit with Japan 
remained huge. 

WhOe expressing sympathy 
it America's position, Mr 

for America's position, Mr 
Nakasone f 1 *— ** it dear there 
was a Halt to what his 
government coold do to cat the 
$50 bfilkm (£34 btDkm) a year 

In <afh with Mr Hajnae 
Tamm * the trade minister, 
Mr Baldrige urged Japan to 
adopt an “import vkion” along 
the tines of the export strategy 
it used to bolster its economy 
after the Second World War. 

Although he did not spell 
out the proposal in detail, 
Japanese officials . said Mr 
Baldrige seemed to be suggest- 
ing that Japan should adopt a 

Safeway agrees to leveraged buyout 

Oakland. California, (Reu- 
ter) — Safeway Stores, the 
largest American retail grocery 
chain, with stores in Britain. 
Australia and Canada, has 
agreed to a management-led 
buyout to head off a hostile 
takeover offer. 

The company, which re- 
corded sales worth $19.65 
billion (£13.27 billion) in 
1 985. said it had entered into a 
definitive leveraged buyout 
agreement with SSI Holding 
Corporation, formed by 
Kohl berg Kravis Roberts and 

Kohlbeig Kravis, a New 
York investment banking firm 
specializing in leveraged 
buyouts, told Safeway's board 
that Bankers Trust Company 
had agreed to form a banking 

syndicate to provide S3 billion 
for the acquisition. 

The buyout follows a hostile 
takeover bid by the Dart 
Group, which this month 
announced a cash tender offer 
at $58 a share, which it was 
willing to raise to $64, worth 
about $3.9 billion. 

Under the agreement, a 
subsidiary of SSI will prompt- 

ly begin a cash tender offer of 
$69 a share for up to 45 

million shares, or 73 per cent, 
of Safeway stock, subject to a 
minimum of 41.56 million 
shares being tendered. 

After the tender, Safeway's 
remaining shareholders will 
receive subordinated discount 
debentures of SSI stock with a 
market value of $6 1 .60 a share 
for each share held and one 

warrant to buy common stock 
of SSI. 

Safeway said it was not 
immediately possible to put a 
total dollar figure on the 
merger with SSI because of the 
warrants that will be issued, 
entitling holders to buy about 
5 per cent of SSI’s initial 
outstanding common stock. 
They will be exerciseable 
when SSI becomes publicly 

But it valued the cash 
portion of the tender offer at 
$3.1 billion. 

The buyout which was 
unanimously adopted by 
Safeway's board, must be 
approved by holders of two- 
thirds of the company's stock. 

There are about 61 million 
Safeway shares outstanding. 

of which Dart owns about 3.6 
million. Safeway's stock 
closed at $61,875 on Friday, 
up $1,875. 

Kohlberg Kravis also told 
the Safeway board that certain 
members of Safeway’s senior 
management had been offered 
an opportunity to participate 
in up to 10 per cent of SSI's 

A spokesman said 
Safeway’s board was extreme- 
ly pleased with the merger 

But if a better offer came 
along, Safeway said it would 
waive the higher voting re- 
quirement stipulated in its 
charter and set a shareholder 
approval threshold of just 
two-thirds, thus allowing 
holders to benefit. 

Mr Nakasone has repeated- 
!y rejected suggestions tint 
Tokyo skoald set an import 
target, ar guing that the gov- 
ernment does not have the 
power to engine it would be 

By raising the idea of on 
“impart vision” for Japan, Mr 
Baldrige appeared to be resur- 
recting a proposal he or^inal- 
ly made in late 1984, but which 
was later shot down by opposi- 
tion from the US State 

fh — i IXB-ILLld 

ijppHy pnpiii. 

Mr Nakasone told Mr 
Baldrige be shared the US 
Administration’s concern 
about protectionist pres su re s 
in foe US 

Producing a letter he re- 
ceived from the American 
Chamber of Commerce in 
Japan, expressing apprecia- 
tion for Japan’s efforts to 
increase imports, Mr 
Nakasone urged Mr Baldrige 
to nse the doenmen t m foe 
fight against pro tection ism. 

Japan's exports have fallen 
IS per cent in terms of foe 
strong yes, but in toms (rf the 
weaker dollar, they have shot 
up dramatically. 

Uncertainty oyer the 
McCorquodale bid is proba- 
bly a large part of the reason. 
Norton still has a 4 per cent 
stake, which is showing a 
paper profit but makes a dent 
m the balance sheet Gearing 
with the stake is 64 per cent 
and 56 per cent without 

Debt fell dramatically after 
the sale of Joseph. Cannon's 
retail operations, but then 
rose as capital spending 
poked at £6.6 million. Capt-' 
tal spending is expected to be 
lower this year and, with 
strong cash flow, debt levels 
should fan 

Group trading margins 
held at 9.6 per cent in the 
second half against 8 percent, 
the previous year. Security 
printing showed fat 16 per 
cent margins, which are ex- 
pected to come under pres- 
sure this year, both at home 
and abroad. Specialist print- 
ing margins suffered last year 
from fierce competition. 

This year has apparently 
had a flying start and growth . 
is expected to come particu- 
larly from the packaging and. 
reorganized publishing side. 
Causton in its first full year 
with the group delivered an 
81 percent increase in profits. 

Organic growth last year 
contributed one third of the 
profits increase, showing that 
Norton can continue to grow 
strongly without big acquisi- 

The Monopolies apd Merg- 
ers Commission report on 
McCorquodale is not expect- 
ed until October and Norton 
is not committed to rebid- 
ding. even if it gets the green 
light Its bid costs of about £1 
million are not quite covered 
by the profit on its 
McCorquodale shares. Mean- 
while the company is consid- 
ering four small unquoted 
buying opportunities. 

Pretox profits this year 
should comfortably reach £6 
million, giving a prospective 
p/e ratio, assuming 35 per 
cent tax, of just above 1 1. The 
rating is not demanding given 
the growth record over the • 
past four years. 

Hfllaids, the northern super- 
market chain, believes it has 
a good’ case for remaining 
independent and is deter- 
mined' to prove it can stand 

Last year showed that to be 
a difficult task. Hillards had 
to absorb the heavy costs of 
opening four new stores,’ 
together with printing its 
future expansion pro- 
gramme. At the same time, it 
raced fierce competition at 12 
of its existing stores, leading . 
to a. foil in takings as rivals, 
opened their own new 

At the end of the day 
results, for the 53 weeks to ; 
May 3 showed a 10 per cent 
rise in pretax profits to £8.5 
million. The tax charge rose 
to £2.7 million from last 
year's abnormally low £1.7 
million, leaving ■ after tax 

Renters Holdings 

profits of £5.7 milli on against 
£5.9 miHion Earnings a share 
were 1 1.73p, a 3.8 per cent 

The new stores increased 
selling space by 17 per cent 
but the existing outlets suf- 
" fined a, 3.4 per cent foil in 
volnme as Hillards refused to 
chase sales at the expense of 
margins. But • this husui&at 
should be regained in the 
present year. 

. However, the capital ex- 
penditure programme re- 
mains hi ghr £17 milli on last 
year and likely to be over the 
£13 million mark this year 
when two new stores are 
opened with another three 
lined up for 1987-88. 

The effort to improve mar- 
gins will' continue with 
Hillards abandoning some 
clothing lines and introduc- 
ing more groceries and health 
foods and extending its own 
label lines. . 

. Hillards remains c ommit- 
ted to expansion in the North 
of England. It has a 7.3 per 
cent market share in York- 
shire where it already faces - 
stiff enough competition 
from the established giants 

The question remains 
whether one; of the : more 
aggressive minded nationals 

There is nothing quite like 
.being ia the right place at foe 
right time. Reuters’ interim 
profit increase of 32 per cent 
to £57.2 million, announced- 
yesterday, is the direct conse- 
quence of being in screen- " 
based information services 
during a - period of rapid 
globalisation of -financial 
markets. y 

Paul Julius Reuter started 
the company in 1851, *to 
supply stock market quota- 
tions and other financial 
information to investors . m 
Europe and it- is the interna-; 
rionaJ aspect of Reuters 7 op- 
erations which has proved to 
be its enduring strength. 

As more than 80 per cent of - 

its revenues are derived out- 
side Britain, Reuters is, in- 
deed, a truly international 
company with offices in 140 
cities in 81 countries. It . is 
dominant in two key mar- 
kets: foreign exchange infor- 
mation — a market., with 
enormous growth potential -r . 
and Eurobond, trading 1 
information.; • 

With growth in home afar- ' ;• would be prepared to bid for 
kets on the security printing' Hillards to-tak&advantageof 
side limited by monopoly - its strong local position. 

Compared with a year ago, 
the number of installed video ■ _ 
terminals has risen by 57.7.: ■' 
per cent, to 85,800, giving an. ‘ 
entrenched position which;: ' 
will be difficult to challenge,-* . 

Reuters' news, service^ 
which employs over 900 jour- 
nalists worldwide, will re- 
main an important service. 
But future growth will come 
from three main sources ■ 
new subscribers, existing sub- 
scribers taking additional ser r ; : 
vices and fresh services. 

The acquisition for £12 
million of Wyatts, a supplier 
of voice communication • 
products for dealing rooms, 
announced yesterday, is just. . 
another kg in the strategy Ip 
dominate fi nancial dealing . 

Projected growth of 30 per 
cent a year does not come 
cheapi At the current price of 
503p, the shares are on a 
prospective multiple of 27 ; 
and -a significantly/ better 
performance than the rest of 
the market looks too much jb 1 
hope for. . i 


Dixons lines up management team 

"■ 4V "c6mpanynews- '• 

INDUSTRIAL: Six months to 
May 20. Pretax profit 251.1 
billion yen (£1.07 billion), 
against 349.7 billion yen. 

CO: Six months to June 30. 
Income: franked £156,310 
(£128.869) and uofranked 
£62,646 (£62,839). Earnings per 
share 335p (Z84p). 

The company has acquired Ko- 

bold Licht Fritz Consten for that the directors fed confident 

349.681 ordinary shares and that profits 
DM34t.42t (£107,430) cash, aircraft sale 
Kobold’s indebtedness to the year will be 
vendor of DM 1.97 million of 19SS/86's 
(£621,946) will be repaid at the 
same rime. KobokL which is • WILLI A 
based near Munich, makes light- VILLE & S< 
mg equipment ■ raised to 9p 

SURE GROUP: Mr Harry (£6.59 miUi 
Goodman, the chairman, re- £528.922 (£ 
ports in his annual statement per share 47. 

refits, before tax and 
sales, for the current 
ill be significantly ahead 
i/86's £8.8 million. 

TV expert eyes British 
advertising costs 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

VILLE & SON: Total dividend 
raised to 9p (7p) for the year to 
May 31. Turnover £7.87 million 
(£6.59 million). Pretax profit 
£528.922 (£358,622). Earnings 
per share 47.02p (33.28p). 

IhBa to a W MtiiM Hawed an Wh Jufr Bieoapfaanos wm fee nasutaoaa of tbe Cawed Otto Soc* Etthang* 

has bean made to the Comal clThe Stock Exebenge Mr an the (hum Ordwny 3iaes and 
Loan Skx± el VSEL Gaanttum RjC is be asusea » fee Cttcni LCfl. 


IQ ED0k8X$ 



The Stock Exchange 


Lloyds Merchant Bank Limited 

Miner Raymond Asso- 
ciates, one of the leading 
production costs consultants 
on television advertising in 
the US, is planning an expan- 
sion into Britain. 

Mr Miner Raymond, who 
learned about keeping adver- 
tising production costs down 
during 25 years with Procter & 
Gamble, the detergent maker, 
has been talking to several 
prospective British clients but 
is also considering setting up a 
partnership business here to 
exploit the UK market — 
almost virgin territory for this 
type of consultancy. 

Mr Raymond said: “In 
Britain there is a greater stress 
on creativity in advertising 
and the costs of producing a 
television advertisement are 

more out of control”. He said 
that as much as 25 per cent of 
production costs of such ad- 
vertising can be saved by 
culling out waste, and, where 
there is a good working rela- 
tionship between client com- 
pany and advertising agency, 
the saving could still be about 
15 per cent 

He added: “Companies in 
Britain have never expected 
the sort of costing results now 
looked for in the US. There is 
more wastage in Britain than 
in the US.” 

Production costs in the US 
have been rising at a rate of 20 
per cent a year and there has 
been a similar trend in Britain, 
although in the past two years 
the increases have been much 
steeper, Mr Raymond said. 

VSEL Consortium farms the largest warship building business in the UK with an 

annual turnover at over £300 million R Is the main contractor for UK submarine 
construction and lead yard tor three Classes a! suiiace warship currently serving 
with the Royal Navy. The Consortium’s warship building activities range from 
conceptual design through to pad-delivery fleet s up p or t services. This is 
complemented by an armaments business which has achieved significant expert 
sales tn recant years and by a growing expertise in weapons systems design and 

VSEL Consortium has the largest design development (earn In the Brush warship 
building industry, representing over one-halt ot the industry's total resources 
Its extensive design and drawing office facilities in Banow-in-FUmess utilise 
sophisticated computer-based systems which enable it to deal with the 
increasingly advanced technologies involved In warship design and construction. 

Share and loan capital 






Ordinary Shares oI£ I each 
11 percent Unsecured Loan Stock 1906 
Special Sure cs £1 




Listing particulars relating to the Consortium are avadabte In the Eatel Stattatcol Scttkm* a ftfl ffp os ct 
ftp particulars nay be otokanod during normal busnwss hems an any weekday CSatuitkrps accepted) op 
to and mdudmg (a) 1st August 1986. fran Tfca S&xfc Exe&anpas Company Announcements Offic e , and 
(b) 13th August 1986. tram. 

VSEL Consortium PIC 
Barrow- in- Furness 
CUmbrtc LA14 IAF 

Lloyds Mentoart Baric Limited 
4CW6 Qusen Vlcloda 3»et 
London EC4P4EL 

Hoara Gwott Unused 
Herat) House 
JI9-33S Ugh Hsasom 
London WC1V7PB 

profits hit 
by duty rise 

Merrydown Wine is claim- 
ing a satisfactory result for the 
year to March 31 despite a foil 
in pretax profit from £1.26 
million to £1.03 million. 

The cider makers blame two 
years of duty increases, one of 
the wettest summers ever and 
increased advertising spend- 
ing for the downturn. 

Nonetheless, turnover was 
unchanged at £8.81 million 
and a final dividend of 5p, to 
be paid on October 20, makes 
a total of 6p against an 
adjusted 5.3p the previous 
year. Merrydown also plans a 
one-for-eight bonus issue. 

Growth in cider sales and 
market share in England and 
Wales was offset by lower 
sales, in two export markets 
and of cider in Scotland, 
where the company’s sole 
agents were reorganized. 

Capital spending of 
£750,000 was geared princi- 
pally to increasing cider fer- 
mentation and booling fine 
capacity by 50 per cent The 
benefits are already being seen 
in economies of handling, 
improved product consistency 
and packaging, combined with 
significant cost savings a case. ! 

CBI trumpets 

By Alison Eadie 

The Japanese are buying 
motorbikes from Armstrong, 
a British company, because, 
they say. they last twice as long 
as Japanese bikes. 

Armstrong bikes are one of 
several examples of British 

manufacturing and exporting 
success quoted by the Confed- 
eration of British Industry in i»iauvm auu wuiuimuui* uvc. i>w i vutimpi ueer nas 
its booklet British Success tions, EMI Music Worldwide. ; been elected deputy chairman, 
published this week. Miss Soe Satriano has been Mr Michael Dodson has been 

In the past three years appointed director, public re- appointed executive chairm an 
Armstrong has supplied the lations and communications, ofButlerNewall and has been 
British Army with most of its EMI Music North America invited to join the main boanL 
motorbikes and is seeking and Japan. . . Nomura International: Sir 

Dixons Group: Mr Nick 
Lightowler has been made 
group purchasing director and 
a director of Dixons Group 
Management Mr David Gil- 
bert has been promoted to. 
marketing director of Dixons 
Ltd. Mr Dale Heafocote has 
joined the board of Dixons 
Stores Group Far East Mr 
Tony Digram has become 
managing director of Dixons 
Financial Services. Mr Mark 
Rogers has been promoted to 
financial director of Dixons 
Financial Services. Mr Chris 
Pavojsky has filled the new 
position of production direc- 
tor of Mastercare. Mr David 
Hamid has been appointed to 
the new position of marketing 
director of Mastercare. 

Good Relations City: Miss 
Kate Fraser and Mr Jerry 
Wood have joined the boanL 

Staffordshire Potteries: Mr 
Richard McNamara is now 
personnel director and Mr 
Tony Convey production 

BUPA Hospitals: Mr Eric 
Stevenson, Mr Peter Reeves, 
Dr Eric Blackadder and Mr 
Simon Cox are now directors. 

Austin Reed. Group: Mr 
Graham Smith is promoted to 
men’s merchandise director 
and appointed a director of 
Austin Reed retail’ division. 
Mr Peter Doano is joining 
Chester Barrie and Austin 
Reed Manufacturing as pro- 
duction director designate 
from next Monday and w£li 
join the boards ofboth compa- 
nies. Mr Colin Wilson is to be 
marketing director of Austin 
Reed Manufacturing from Au- 
gust 18. Mr Hngh McOare 
will become managing direc- 
tor designate of JA^ Robertson 
& Sons (Dumfries), ’ the 
group's knitwear company, 
from October I. 

EMI Music Mr Brian Soa- 
foall is now director, public 
relations and comtnunica- 

CH Beazer (Homes West): 
Mr Graham Anderson has 
become director for land and 

p lanning . 

Addison Design: Mr David 
Stewart is now - managing 

Kapiti: Mr Dick WiDott has 
been appointed managing 

The Royal Institute of Brit- 
ish Architects: Mr Gerald 
Beale has been made group 
financial controller of RIBA 
Companies and the managing 
director of RIBA Magazines. 

International Distillers and 
Vintners (UK): Mr David 
Shephard has joined the board 
.as finance director. 


.. — , 

•t . *.• 


John Taylor 

Hewlett-Packard Laborato- 
ries: Dr Don Hammond,' 
founder director of the Bristol 
Research Centre, is sfaortfy to 
return to the corporation’s 
headquarters in Palo Afto, 
California, as associate diretx 
tor- Dr John Taylor has been 
promoted to director of the 
Bristol Research Centre. 

Accounting Standards 
Committee: Mr Michael 
Renshall will be chairman, in 
succession to Mr Peter God- . 
frey, from September 1. 

B EUiotc Mr Tom Broun is 
to join the company on Sep- 
tember 1 as group chief execu- 
tive. Mr Michael Beer has 

Hongkong and Shanghai 
Banking Corporation: Mr KW • 
Barker becomes executive di- 
rector Europe, from January 1 

General and Engineering - 
Computer Services: Mr Ron- 
ald Lovell and Mr David. 
Power have been made joint ’ 
managing directors and Mr 
Richard Preece a non-execu- " 
live director. ‘ 

Gallaher International: Mr -V 
Don Baker has been made 
divisional director.- - - — 
Esso UK: Mr David 
Cfayman becomes managing 
director, Esso Petroleum. 

Dial Contracts: Mr GA 
Faulkner is managing 

Gestetner Holdings: Sir 
Ronald Halstead becomes ay 
non-executive director. 

Ideal Homes: Mr Strait 
Wenderses is now manag in g - . 
director, London, and. Mr 
John Coker is managing direc- 
tor, Southern. ’ 

Hawkeye Studios Mr Paul 
Jassos becomes m anag in g .* 

Sherriff & Sons: Mr David :• 
Toop is managing director; 
and Mr .Trevor Ounsley. is . 
deputy chairman. . - . 

Wold: Mr Eric Cater b & 

comes financial directoLfrom: 

August 26. 

Book. Club Associates: Mr 
Graham Williams is chief 
executive 1 . " ’ j]~- 

International Banking Cen-' : 
treMr Derek Channon takes 

over as director. Dr. John 
Westwood Tbeoomes. . directo r,: 

company prog ramme s. ” ’ *, . 

International _ . Thomson 
Organisation: Mr- Robert ^ 
jaenmo becomes chief execu-^ 

tt ve officer, ptiblisiririg from ' - 
October i and Mr John GUI is . 
” ow . " . . managing * 

mrectorjmbrxhatioa services. • 
Mariey: Mr TJ Aisher be- 
comes .; ■ ■ ' 7 ; T 

cfaainnan.wateiproofing . j. i~ 

motorbikes and is seeking 
similar deals in Canada and 
the Middle East. 

Other British successes in- 
clude Glas|ow-based Howden 
Group’s wind-generated elec- 
tricity. It has established a 
windmill form in California 
with 75.300 kilowatt wind 
turbine generators. 

Greenfields Exports, a 
Worcestershire company, ex- 
ports 1,400 sheep and cattle a 
year to Spain and Portugal, 
while the Martin Baker Air- 
craft Company in Denham. 
Buckinghamshire has 75 per 
cent of the world market for 
ejector seats. 

TACK Training Interna- 
tional: Mr Ken jReoch has 
been made sales director. 

Johnson Matthey: Mr Keith ■ 
Waliey has been made deputy 

Aluminium Stockholders 
Association: Mr Lewis Gai^ 
field has been elected chair- 
man for the next two years. 

Telford Development Cor- 
poration: Mr Christopher 
MackreD has been appointed 
commercial director. 

Standard Chartered; Mr 
Richard Stein will be joining ; 
as group finance director in 

Nomura International- g^r 
Dmqjjas Wass will be chair- 
man from this Friday. 

W Canning; Mr David 
Probeit i$ now executive 

_ Arthur E Lunti Mr ABen 
Grant has been made works 

Mothercare UK: Mr 

Atastair Kerr becomes deputy 
chief executive and Mr Arthur 
RaUey buying director. . 

Stratus Computer Mr Paul 
Tucker becomes vke-presi-~ 
dent, international operations 
Buds-Biilfows:. Mr Peter 
Green has been made deputy 
managing director. 




JgmA Company. 

Gtiank Savirost ___ 
TOBSOitMHl ftrfe - 

Continental T msfr • 


C,ftoare & Co 

k StBnflhau 
UJWs Bank - 

52? Bank of Scofood. 

~10J5% ■ :■ 
-1000%: - - 
.1000% ; V 
-1000%; - 
.10.00% _ 
.1000%' r , 

.lorn, *; 

-1000% -V 




^. b,d 3S& 
W, ' N 




^ysaiof* 0 } «?2s 

^ of ^ 
. “ : J ^!US R*. 

• . C0K >anv 

3 ?*> stock J B iwr! 

T^°n^ <*2 


^a*? 5 


,; .-J"' 1 ,Q tfc'0 |[M. 8 

ls - ftreign e 
WiM ■ , " d »«*. 

. ,..:^ s . • , * R*n bv 5V 

-. ^tochalkSJ; 

‘^‘S,!.** 5 smut 

;■ :- ^oyerooo^ 

: "" ftlD & 
- - ^mponaai senrkt 
_7 — £fc»ui «iu 
•I V * a ™ sow*. 



ife’ ^"KMOa for fli 
"■''; 0, ; V^ni a suppfc 
% i ' m ''""\. -pn-rimuncaun 
* v -*’’ ':-• filing roffli 
- e - ! .^MSjK 
'• ■ -" ■£ ib; iiniegva 

“vr.aie tsrncel deal® 

: . '..f-ci J"*:h of 30 pa 

:••. j - Jir :;.h nol ^ 

■ -" -r.» :.i-en:pma 
'? shirks re on i 
. v ; n-.aEb(f5 
: ; ; ::r;:':ci::; mb- I 
" *”■•:• ■‘-v : hr :v to or'/ 

meat team 

l - . ' j Staffl 

•. •. .'SiiuviiiMrSS 

- • . ■ frotn Jsfliun ! 

’ -n .-_• EnEjntafls 

> Mrfe 
U i ..nils iM Mr W 
bees !M*J® 
-.^-.r: and ■ 

» ' p-cert- j aaw» — 

V . i-;-:uoni' & 
>! : f Raker’ : a "® 

" . "’'£"Sfr Da'* 

..' ison# 

; , -c .Mr fl 


•'?•"■ W k viBS ^ 

• • Mr ** 

? tf -.jrr**:tl I .. ^ jni • 

■ ■“■■: .z:;Ze*** 

..-Hi* - -‘ 


s- •'*■ ':;;;. 




United Biscuits shares rise 
on brokers’ enthusiasm 

Investors were again sa- 
vouring that old takeover 
favourite United Biscuits, the 
McVhie’s and Crawfords 
company, yesterday after 
strong “buy" recommenda- 
tions from two leading 
stockbrokers. 8 

Rowe & Pitman and UB*s 
own broker, Wood Macken- 
zie,; have both been taking a 
closer look at the company 
and reckon thar the recent 
weakness in the share price 

• Shares of Percy Bflton. 
the industrial property devel- 
oper and construction 
group, continue to nudge to- 
ward their peak of 296p, 
amid whispers that a bid may 
soon be on the way. Deal- 
ers are already talking of one 
from the Chase Corpora- 
tion, one of New Zealand's 
biggest companies. Un- 
changed at 292 p, BDton is val- 
ued at £121 million. 

has been overdone. The 
shares, which opened at 227p 
—just 9p above their low for 
the year — responded with a 
rise of 8p to 235p. 

Bearish reports that the 
group's US subsidiary, 
Keebler, has . been losing the 
“cookie war” appear 
to be unfounded. Wood Mac- 
kenzie expects Keebler's con- 
tribution in the current year to 
grow from S43 million to 
about $SO million (£33 mil- 
lion), accounting for roughly 
25 per cent of OB’S total 
profits. The group should 
continue to see its share price 
improve following the interim 
figures in September. 

These are likely to show 
pretax profits up from £36.3 
million to about £47 million. 

By Michael Clark 

Backed bya solid yield of 6 per clear indication of the true 
cent, the shares are regarded as state of the company and 
good value for money. analysts are already looking to 

The rest of the equity next year's figures for 
market made a quiet start to guidance, 
the new account with prices The results for the year to 
continuing to drift on lack of April 30 last should show 
support. Shares are expected pretax profits up fro 

support. Shares are expected 
to rally today, but much will 
depend on Wall Street's over- 
night performance. 

The jobbers, who have been 
content to mark prices sharply 
lower in recent weeks, are now 
starting to look nervous after 
picking up stock at the wrong 
price on the way down. 

Evidence for a rally was 
borne out by the various 
indices which closed off the 
bottom. The FT Index of 30 
shares finished Oil up at 
1.263.8, while the broader 
indicator the FT-SE 100 
firmed by 3.6 to 1,549.4. 

The weaker pound saw gilts 
open with losses ranging to £1 
in nervous trading. But prices 
closed with losses of around 

It has been a busy y« ar, so 
for, for the highly acquisitive 
Mr Alec Monk, the chairman 
of the Dee Corporation, who 
has spent over £1,000 million 
on purchases recently, includ- 
ing £686 million on the Fine 
Fare supermarket chain, 

pretax profits up from £56.3 
million to £83 million. For 
1987, the market is looking for 
a staggering £204 million. But 
the shares, which have been 
under a cloud recently follow- 
ing a number of large placings 
to help finance the group's 
aggressive acquisition pro- 
gramme, remained unchanged 
at 228p — just 6p above the 
year’s low. 

The mighty GEC moved 
quickly to scupper speculation 
in the weekend press that it 
was planning to launch a bid 
for STC - unchanged at 162p, 
after 168p - if its £1,200 
million bid for Plessey is 
blocked l?y the Monopolies 

A statement issued by GEC 
categorically denied that it 
was contemplating making a 
bid for STC which has bom 
the s ubjec t of recent takeover 
talk. ITT, the big US group, 
still owns 131 million shares 
(or 24 per cent) in STC and is 
reported to have been looking 
for a buyer. 

Reports that Plessey was 

appeared to be wide of the 
mark. A spokesman for the 
group said: “There is no truth 
in speculation that Plessey is 
attempting to buy shares in 
Ferranti or engaged in poison- 
pill activities." 

Mr Paul Chan non, the Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry, is expected to an- 
nounce his decision concern- 
ing PI essay’s late any day. The 
market takes the view that the 
group will be allowed to 
escape the clutches of GEC 

Plessey finished the day 4p 
cheaper at !98p, while GEC 
was unchanged at 188p in ex- 
dividend form. 

Blue Circle Industries en- 
joyed a steadier performance, 
firming by 2n to 575p, follow- 

whtch it bought from Associ- _ . . . m 

ated Bmishroods last month. .Reports pat Plessey was 
„ _ planning to launch its own bid 

, fipfes* out later f or Ferranti - up 2p at 1 12p - 

— a* 

finning by 2p to 575p, follow- 
ing last week's 38p shake-out 
stemming from _a 
downgrading of profit esti- 
mates from the brokers Kitcat 
& Ailken and Savory MiHn. 
Both now believe that the 
benefits of increased efficiency 
and fuel savings will be slower 
in coming through than at first 

The big four high street 
clearing banks spent a quiet 
session ahead of interim fig- 
ures later today from National 
Westminster mid the Midland 
on Friday. Mr Michael 
Fesemeyer, a banking analyst 
with Savory Milln. is expect- 
ing pretax profits from 
NaiWest to rise from £354 



AnoBa Secs (115p) 
Asftey <L) (135 oT 
SSB Design (fi7pj 
Beaverco O 4$p) 


Brederc (145o) 

brokers have gg£ fiS^asp, 

apparently upgraded coated Beetroots 
war estimates for the full year gwg Habtow n 
and are now looking for pretax 
profits of £123 million against Quttlrie^rp'nsft 
£1022 million last time. Harrison [(I50p) 

HUa Enjonom (92p) 95 -1 

Hughes Food (20p) 24 +1 

Lon Uttl Inv f330o) 78 

M6 Cash A C poop; 88 -1 

Morgan Gronfatl (Strap) 433-7 

SIMM (72p) 125-5 

Smalfirone (l65o) 160 

Soundtracks (top) 38 

Stanley Leisure fflOp) 124 

TV-AM (130p) 144 ‘2 +3 1 : 

Task Force (9Sp) 110 

Tenby kids (112p) “ 129 

Thanwa TV (190pl 222-1 

TIDbet A Britten (120p) 125 

Yelverton Gffip) ^ 

Unfloek (63p) 68 

Windsmoor (106p) 109 -1 


Abaco tnv N IP 
Antofagasta N/P 
Do La Roe FfP 
Dataserv N/P 
Erskine Hsa F/P 

Leigh interests N/P 
Top Value N/P 
Wight Cowns F/P 

(issue price. in brackets). 


21 +1 
£10 -'w 




450 -6 


Three Month Starting Open 

Sep 86 96.09 

Dec 86 9035 

MsrB7 9034 

JunS7 ; 9024 

Sap 87 N/T 

Dec 87 N/T 

Previous day's totai open interest 14433 
Three Month Euredotis r 

Sep 86 93.40 

Dec 68 93.34 

Mar 87 93^2 

Jun87 9300 



t)S Treasury Bond 

Sap 86 

Dec 66 

Mar 87.: — 

Short oat 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Previous day's! 
93.42 9328 

93J36 93^1 

9354 93.19. 

83.05 9SL98 

Previous day's 
96-15 9 M7 

95-10 95-10 

■ Previous < 
100-40 10C 



Sep 86 

Dec 86 

First OsaHopi 
Jul 21 
Apg 4 
Aug 18 


il open Innrast 1 061 
100-38 250 

100-38 O 
100-38 O 

Previous day 'staff open intare at 138 81 

120-01 1194)7 119-27 6788 

119-22 0 

119-16 0 

119-16 O 

Previous day’s total wen interest 2399 
157.65 15&25 1*55 349 

16020 0 

M sri re tWM S 
day's ranga 

N York t>W68-1.4775 
Montreal 2n386^L0622- 
Brussels 84^45-65.10 
Cptuan 11.7963-11^425 
Dt£sT 1.0527-1.0608 
Panidui13.1 235-3.1581 
Lisbon 21756-22022 
Madrid 201.02-201.94 
Mian 2141 JO-21 6750 
Oslo 114)325-114)532 
Paris 10.1020-102000 
STkhkn 10L375S-1 04056 
Tokyo 22984-231.71 
Vienna 22.09-22.1 B 
Zurich 2^084-95463 

I. 47B5-1.47TC 

II. 7963-113210 
20 1.02-201 JO 
215051-21 54J2 


0.25-0.1 5prsm 





IK-114 pram 







9%-7% pram 







100-1 48dta 





27-2354 prem 

Starting tartas uiuyare dvrl l h 1975 a rea dov w nt 71. 7((tay^ range 7U-72.7). 




Aug 1 
Aug 15 

.8® 5 

Last Declaration 
Oct 23 
Nov 6 
Nov 20 

Nov 3 
Nov 17 

tikma Mm taken out ok 28/7786 Dowtflng 6 MBs. Sound DBt Phoenix. ANZ. 
; Noble Lund. Priest Marians. BOMS. Bntod, Hawtm. Hawley, Prestwich. Dwek. 

“ oad. Mlootocous. Bumdene. Amstrad. 

tanpala, Ruatantwra, Henara, Owners Abroad. Microtocous. 
TflbMt & Bn Coniach. JE England. BSG. Abaca Victoria. Y 
BPrieat, Amstrad, Htcksons, T. 

ns Abroad. Mtaotocoi». Bumdene. Amstrad. 
I. BSG. Abaca Victoria. York 6 Equity. Brttat 
■ti Loxley. hrtenrtsron Oonv. 

Argentina austreT 

Ainntia dollar 

Bahrain dinar ____ 
Braza cruzado* — 

Cyprus pound 

Finland marks— 

Greece drachma — 
Hong Kong doSar _ 

India rupee 

Iraq dinar 

Kuwait dinar KD — 

Malaysia dotar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand doRar. 
Saud Arabia rtyal — 
Singapore dotiar — 
South Africa rand „ 



— 15385-15405 

— 055204)5560 


_ DJ23M.7330 

— 7.45B0-749B0 

— 20250-20450 

— 114893-114980 

— 042454U2& 

— 2.78122.7991 

— 3511085156 

— 5579064180 








West Germany _ 
Switzerland — 




Hong Kong 


















— 4453-44.08 

— 1454-1457 

Ratae auppied by BaretaysSaak HOFEX end ExfeL 

. :'Mr 

AHed Lyons 

Com Gold 

rZ63) - 

Com Union 
(*309) . 

Cable* Wire 



Grand Mat 
(*370) . 

Land Sac 

Marks & Span 



Trafalgar House 

Do a cham 


Mta Puts 

Oct Jan July Oct Jan 

47 55 6 9 11 

28 37 18 23 25 

14 20 38 43 48 

Series Sept Dec Mar 

500 35 48 82 

550 12 27 40 

600 4 15 25 

85 — 

50 58 

25 30 

50 55 

B — 
28 35 
53 55 

34 40 
57 65 

92 — 

Thom EMI 





















































23 33 42 11 14 18 

9 20 28 28 30 31 

4 11 — 56 57 — 

75 95 115 15 20 25 

40 60 80 33 40 50 

15 31 33 60 85 80 

6 17 — 105 IPS — 

120 — — 4 — ~ 

BO — — 12 - ~ 

42 — — 30 — — 

20 28 34 5 6 ItT 

10 16 22 17 18 20 

5 9 — 32 32 — 

53 — T ~ 

— 45 55 - 17 20 

22 — — 22 — — 

110 135 — 9 16 — 

72 100 115 22 32 40 

45 72 84 47 55 62 

23 50 60 80 80 85 

34 42 ~ 51 5 7 9 

16 24 33 15 18 20 

6 13 19 40 40 41 

25 31 S 4 6 10 

ID 18 24 11 14 16 

4 11 15 24 27 30 

108 125 — 7 12 — 

67 86 103 16 23 32 

30 53 72 36 42 47 

13 22 29 15 18 24 

6 12 20 34 36 37 

3 7 — 52 52 — 

Sep Dee Mar Sap Dec Mar 

BrK Aero 




Bnt Telecom 


Cadbury SctwppG 

Mbs Feb 

25 30 
47 50 
85 99 

6 10 

19 23 

i »- 

7 11 

20 25 

45 50 
12 16 
23 28 

41 47 

9 11 
19 22 

38 88 

With sterling's abrupt plunge 
early yesterday morning, 
caused by fears of lower oil 
prices and remarks in the 
weekend press, any trace of 
optimism largely evaporated. 
The interbank market showed 
rates grouped ' around 10 per 
cent across the board. Sterling 
CDs had a simHariy flat 

Base Rates % 

Owing Banks 10 
Finance Houso 10 
Discount Maricet Loans % 

Overnight High: 955 Low 7 





Vaal Reels 

Blue Cade 

De Beers 

- ZO - - 2S 

65 75 20 30 40 

30 50 50 55 65 

IS 30 95 95 95 

35 .50 30 38 42 

17 32 77 77 7B 

B — 127 127 - 

"5 90 » 55 70" 

40 52 70 80 95 

30 — 110 120 — 

20 - 160 170 - 

41 11 17 20 

23 31 34 38 

15 61 B2 SS 

~ 25 32 — 

130 40 55 70 
05 75 90 100 
85 115 120 12S 

85 — 1 2 

40 — 3 8 

22 — 20 23 

47 57 2 4 

26 37 6 12 

13 21 24 29 

16 22 7 13 

10 17 14 '19 

8 12 23 25 

4 - 120 120 - 

30 38 2 6 9 

17 24 11 14 16 

10 IS 26 28 30 

55 72 15 25 32 

30 42 54 56 65 

10 27 102 105 107 

8 18 1SZ 155 157 

12 13K 1 2% 4 

8 10 3 5K 7 

4K 5* 11 12K 14 

too Nov Msr Aug Nav Mar 

5 18 — 9 11 — 

— 23 — — 20 

2 9 — 24 26 — 

— — 13 — _ 36 

Treasury BMs (Discount %» 

Buying Sotaw 

2 ninth 9\ Zmntfi 9»a 

3 mntti 9% 3 ninth 9ft 

Pika* Bank BMs (Dbcoutf 

1 mfltti 9'3, 2mn«i 
3mnm Bmrth 

Trad# BOs (Discount %) 
limthlO’ia 2mnth10ft 

3 mntti 10*1* 6mnth IfPit 


Overnight open 9ft ctose 8 
1vreok9ft-9ft fimnth lO'n^'n 

1 mnth 9 lb n-9ft Simti 1D'ir9 w is 

3mnth lO-B^w 12mth IQ'sa-^hn 

Local Authority Deposits fft) 

I 2 days 9ft 7 days Sft 

Imran 9ft 3mnthSft 

Bmnih9X 12mth9K 

Loeta Authority Bands (%t 
IranOi 10ft-10 2mSi IOft-10 
3 mnth 10K-10 6 mnth 10W-10 

9mnh lOSL-IO 12 rath 10-9S 

LmS?9'®ie-§^i* 3 mrrth 9 ,tl n-9 ,3 M 
Smith 9 ’*n^9 ,1 mi 12 Mh 9»ffr9ii w 
Dotiar CDs (%) 

1 mnth 10X-10 
3 mnth 10K-10 
9 mnth 10SL-10 

Dotiar CDs RU 
1 mnth 650-6.45 
6 mnth &55-63Q 

3 mnth 6£06 jC 5 
12mth 645&60 


7 days BAw-flft 
3 mntti STi^a'is 



Tr 11*% 03/07 

Nov Fsb Aug 

S?» — ft 

1*18 1*IS *18 

Nov Fsb 
I 3 ! 2K 

7 days 4 ,, i»4 , i8 
3 mnth 4tt-4ft 
French Franc 
7 days 7ft-7ft 
3 reran 7ft-7ft 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 14ft-14ft 
3tmth 5 'i8-4»m 
V an 

7 days 54% 

3 mnth 4ft~4ft 

caB 7-6 
1 mnth 6 b i8-8 , m 
6 mnth 6%-6ft 
cati 5-4 
1 mnth 4%-4» 

6 mnth 4'<i*^s» 
cal 7ft«ft 
1 mnth 7*i*.7 a ia 
6 mirth 7 7 i#-7 8 ia 
call 2-1 
1 mnth 5>«*6 'm 
fimnth 54ft 
can 4ft-3ft 
1 mnth 4ft4ft 
6 mnth 4U»->>is 

ft 2ft 3ft w w 

"5ft 5 — *s — 

2ft 3ft "« *» W ft 

1ft 2ft 4ft »>t 3ft fa 

ft Jt.a «« ft W 58 

ft 1% 2% 5ft Pia 7 

10,6 *1B — 7 7ft — 

Sot tS^B 25 -353.75 


100 125 — 

70 100 130 
47 75 105 
30 55 85 

Mjd Start Oct 
37 55 72 

3d Jnl Aua Sept Qd 

72 11 26 32 35 

32 32 38 42 53 

45 55 57 63 68 

35 82 82 85 85 

28 107 107 110 107 

30 132 132 135 133 

- 157 - - - 

- 207 - - - 




JMy 28 1986- 

Total coneacta 11846. Cans 7557- Pate 4283 . nindmlyti^ securtty price- 

Fixed Rate Sterling Export Fkianca 
Scheme tv Average reference rate tor 
interest period June 4. 1986 to 
July 1, 1986 inclusive: B.B24 per 

million) for the supply and 
assembly of subsea equipment 
in the Norwegian sector of the 
North Sea. with its Norwegian 
partner, Norsk Kabd-Fabrik, 
Scapa has established Norsk 
Subsea Cable, of which Scapa 
owns SO per cent. 

dividend (nil) for the year ended 
March 31. Turnover <£1.96 mfl- 
lion (£1.47 million). Loss-before 
and after tax £23,490 (loss 
£269.725). Loss per share 0-5p 

• AUSTIN REED; Terms have 
been agreed for the sale by 
Austin Reed of HonorbiK to 
Crusader Associates for a sum 

| based on its net asset value. 
Crusader is a company formed 
j by Mr Harold Tillman and Mr 
, Maurice Rjanogly to acquire 
Honorbilt and further textile 
I companies. 

national has sold Barlow Bright 
Steels to Glynwed. The consid- 
eration is estimated to be about 
£1.3 million cash. In addition. 
Barlow has repaid a loan' from 
BSG of about £700.000. 

COMPONENTS; Six months 
lo March 31. Interim dividend 
l.ISp (same), payable on Oct- 
31. Turnover £861.600 f£!.0S 
million)- Pretax profit £221516 
(£270.498). Earnings per share 


lowing the group's massive 
£714 million rights issue in 

He also expects Midland to 
top the £200 million level, 
with an estimate of £210 
million compared with £127 
million for the corresponding 
period last time. NatWest 
shed Sp to 507p. while Mid- 
land on 544p, Umds on 399p 
and Barclays on S22p, were all 

Recent newcomer Morgan 

• Hogg Robinson, the in- 
surance broker and travel 
agent, is about to hit the 
acquisition trail a gain- It is 
buying (wo estate agents ut 
the Home Counties as a first 
step to expanding its finan- 
cial services operation. Word 
is, the group is paying a lot 
less than some of its rivals 
have. The shares slipped 
2p to 316p. 

Grenfell continued to lose 
ground following its disap- 
pointing debut earlier tins 
month. The shares slipped 4p < 
to a new low of 436p. This 
compares with the- original 
striking price of SOOp. 

The rest of the merchant 
banks continued to drift easier 
on lack of support. Brown 
Shipley slipped by Sp to 495p, 
Hambros 5p to 2!8p aim 
Kteinwort Benson 5p to 715p. 

The life insurance compa- 
nies suffered from the stronger 
dollar. Pearl Assurance led 
the way lower, with a fall of 
45p to £14.48, followed by 
Ref age Group 7p to 4l8p and 
Britannic 3p to 869p. 

Equity & Law, 241p, Legal 
& Genoa!, 241p, Prudential 
Corporation, 817p and Sun 
Life, 8S4p, all shed Sp each. 

Hargreaves, the fuel distri- 
bution, transport and con- 
struction materials group, 
leapt by 45p to 230p following 
an £81.3 million bid from 
Coalite, the chemicals group. 
Coalite is offering one of its 
shares plus 600p in cash for 
every four Hargreaves' shares. 
Coalite, which already owns 
1.68 million shares in Har- 
greaves (4.6 per cent), dipped 
4p to 296p on the news. 

Beleaguered Brown & Jack- 
son, the commodity trading, 
marketing and distribution 
group, finned lp to 2Sp after 
learning that Sterling Hold- 
ings had bought an extra l.S 
million shares. 

In the Unlisted Securities 
Market, shares of Adas Con- 
verting made a bride start to 
first-time dealings following a 
placing of 2.6 million shares 
by Hoare Govett, the broker, 

Opening at 1 19p, the shares 
improved throughout the day 
and closed at 125p — a 
premium of lOp. - 

Year lo Man* 31. Total divi- 
dend l.75p (l.SpV. Turnover 
£40.94 mzUion(£30.86 nuUion). 
-Pretax profit £2.11 million (£2 
million). Earnings per share 
&21p (7J6p) and fully diluted 

months to June 28. Interim 
dividend l.25p (LOSpX payable 
on Oct. I. Turnover trading 
£6.15 milfiou (£4.4 million) ana 
royalties £195,000 (£191.000). 
Pretax profit £618,000 
(£412,000). Earnings per share 
3.23p (2_44p). Orders are well 
ahead of this time last year and 
the directors look forward with 
confidence to continued 
progress in the second half 

stain Australia, in which the 
Costain Group of Britain has a 
66.7 per cent interest, . has 
entered into a joint venture 
agreement with Kajima Gorp, a 
Japanese construction - com- 
pany, for the fust stage of 
Costain's AusS300 million 
(£122 million) Melbourne river- 
ride quay development. Kq'ima 
will acquire a 50 per cent 
interest ra the AusS65 million 
first stage, which includes two 
office buildings and a multi- 
storey car park. 

tal dividend raised to4Jp(3-8p) 
for the year to May 31. Total 
income £8J9 million (£7.64 
million). Earnings per share 
4.S6p (4_29p). 

ffl-oup joint venture has won its 
first contract, worth 20-25 mil- 
lion kroner (£1.8 miL!ion-£2^ 

[COMMENT KennethFleetJ 

Currencies and Opec 

take the strain 

rhe fell in sterling yesterday was producers to cut their production, 
irp and looked ominous. The trade Saudi Arabia, the biggest single in- 

The fell in sterling yesterday was 
sharp and looked ominous. The trade 
weighted index, which had been 73 on 
Friday, ended at 7 1 .3. its low point for 
the day, while rates against the US 
dollar and German mark dropped to 
L4699 and 3.1273 respectively. 

The danger is that the fell will get 
out of control, as fear feeds on itself 
and destabilizing factors in the key 
economic and financial equations are 

But it is too early to predict that this 
is about to occur, despite what is 
happening to the price of oiL Con- 
ceivably the Bank of England knows 
what it is doing. The relatively good 
showing of gilt-edged stocks yesterday 
in the race of sterling's misfortunes 
suggests that this is not a rash 

Throughout the market spectrum, 
interest rates, on the eve of the latest 
oil and currency storm, were pretty 
flat around the 1 0 per cent level. This 
was a good neutral position from 
where the Bank could watch the 
pound take all the strain. 

If the gilts market does recover, the 
gamble with the currency will have 
been justified, for the authorities will 
end up with a useful devaluation of 
sterling, especially where it is is badly 
needed, against the German mark. 

Arguably a cheaper pound will 
bring with it higher domestic prices 
but as long as the Treasury sticks to its 
belief that the retail price mdex will be 
less than 2 per cent higher at the year 
end than at the end of 1985, the risk 
will seem worth the taking. 

The days have long passed since the 
world awaited with bated breath the 
outcome of the Organization of 
Petroleum Exporting Countries 
members' meetings. The most recent 
have failed to agree anything that 
might influence the oil price perma- 
nently. There is only temporary 
strength while it is in progress, to be 
followed by a relapse when Opec once, 
more breaks up in disarray. 

The meeting which began yesterday 
in Geneva looks even more unlikely 
than its predecessors to effect a 
significant and sustained rise in the oil 
price to the S17-S19 a barrel range 
Opec would like to see. This is not to 
dismiss the possibility that Opec can 
agree to a .ceiling on production, and 
(more difficult) stick to it But the new 
ceiling which was proposed at the last 
meeting was 17.6 million bpd and at 
most only nine of the 13 members 
looked like agreeing to it. 

A production ceiling at this level is 
wholly unrealistic, and cannot, of 
itself, possibly influence the oil price. 
It is 1.6 million bpd higher than the 
old ceiling, yet demand has not 
increased by anything like this 

Hence the need to induce non-Opec 

Saudi Arabia, the biggest single in- 
fluence on the oil price at present, is 
determined that the rest of the world 
should share in the burden of prop- 
ping up the oil price. 

To this end, it is attempting to 
coerce producers into cutting back by 
increasing its own production. Saudi 
output is reported to have been raised 
to 6 million bpd, an action which has 
taken the oil price down to under S 10 
a barrel. 

This display of power is Saudi 
Arabia's signal to its fellow Opec 
members, and indeed non-Opec 
producers, that they must all rein in 
output or suffer the consequences of 
low prices. Saudi Arabia is itself well 
placed to endure low prices because of 
its monetary reserves, and it can limit 
the effect on its revenues by raising 
production. Most other producers 
(especially outside Opec) are produc- 
ing flat out. 

It is most unlikely that non-Opec 
producers will limit their output. The 
biggest producers, the United States 
and the Soviet Union, are unlikely 
bed-fellows with Opec. It would imply 
that the US would increase its imports 
at the expense of domestic produc- 
tion, while the Soviet Union would 
need to forego much needed foreign 

$5 a barrel? 

In the case of the United Kingdom, 
it is by no means proven that the UK 
benefits from higher oil prices. The 
non-oil sector of the economy, by far 
the largest part, needs lower energy 

World output is now running at a 
rate which exceeds consumption by 
more than 2 million bpd. This surplus 
oil is now making its way from the , 
Middle East and it will end up in j 
storage. It will then be available for 
drawing down when demand shows : 
its seasonal rise in the winter. 

Winter demand is unlikely to be 
much above the proposed new ceiling. 
To the extent that it is, stocks are 
likely to prove to be the cheapest 
source of any additional needs. 
Tighter oil markets, hence higher 
prices, still look a long way off, even if j 
Opec agrees to a new 17.6 million bpd i 
ceiling. ! 

In the absence of a fundamental 
change in the balance of supply and 
demand in the market place, oil prices 
will drift. Who is brave enough to ; 
forecast where the “floor” might be? 
Prices could test $5 a barrel. Certainly, 
they could remain below $10 a barrel 
for the foreseeable future if Saudi 
Arabia continues to increase market 





I Send 
I Call nr 

(f you've something to sell, a service to 
offer or advice to give. Air Call will help you 
do it better. 

There* an Air Call Radio Pager to keep 
you in dose touch with key contacts when - 
ever they need to reach you. Tone bleepers 
prompt you to call a number.Voice bleepers 
give you a verbal message. Visual pagers 
(with rapidly increasing regional coverage) 
give you the message in writing. 

You'll probably find an Air Call Radio 
Pager will cost less than others. And you'll 
also find you get more square miles for your 
money with Air Call coverage. (And still 
you'd pay only pennies per day, whatever 
service you choose.) 

You certainly won't find a better com- 
pany to deal with. v 

He who responds fastest has the 1 1 
competitive edge. Send the coupon, or U 
call us, and well mail you the Air Call Radio 
Pager Fact Pack. Fast 


Send me the Air Call Radio Pager Fact Pack, without obligation □ T 28/7/8* 

Call me to arrange an appointment Q (tick whichever applicable) 

Name — — 

Portion _ 



Send to: Air Can pk. 108-110 Rochester Row, London SW1P1JP *2? 01-200 0200 




,Y 29 1986 

* * * * **■ 



Bid Odor Chga YWD 

Wee Mr 

&d oner Olga You 

M Offer Chge YwW 


Bd Oner aiga Ywh 


Bd OJte Chge Yield 

9d Oder Cnge YieM 

ao cww age **•*• 

ao Offer Cage. VoW 

an HOKJennuyi Rd Bounenxhjm BH8 sal 
03*5 717373 iU**rart 

Ndf fkgn Inc 
Financial Son 
G4*3 2 Gen 

Unw Eoargy 

world Teen 

inner Growth 
A me* hieonw 
finer sm*e Coi 
Aust Qrowth 
Far East 
Moog nong Prt 
Iml Growth 
japan Perf 
jaom SnNkr 

Exempt Ufflket 

High he Earn 
wortwm Send 

wockHnae Bom 

Amenean Qrowth 
Asun BscKc 
fi ««* ft Efims 
CJEMfii Haurae 
Comm ft Enwgy 

UK Grawth he 
Op Aceum 
US EOmr^Cos 
EoiA38 rruuMEd 

I IB 3 1220* -10 975 
026 985* -Ofi 503 
193 1 305* e *3 l 4 72 
1530 161 6 +27 <-39 

469 50.4 
1001 1Q70 
66 5 659 
56 5 71 1 
SI 6 974 
130 3 1393* 
63 7 88.0 
94 7 101 B 
1338 1460 
559 59.7 
188 7 3009 

+27 1.39 

+0 4 337 
-01 199 
+ 11 1 <5 
+25 »3ff 

+ 1.8 

-01 179 
-02 125 
+07 080 
+01 337 

63 5 67-5* +0 7 2.16 


AAfl d Outer Centra London 5N1 1EL 
079 3 810366 6 0793 2831 

188? 2023 
164 196 

1095 USB 
456 *&6# 
14 4 155* 
171 182 
683 129 
38 1 41 7* 
403 430c 
949 1012 

580 610 
223 208* 
562 SOB 
15 1 16 1 

495 626 
244 H0« 
36 3 387 
763 6T 4 
170 101 
80 6 8<4 
64 7 677 

-12 482 
rO id 
+1 0 096 
+QI 217 
+03 100 
+02 050 
-01 10J 
-12 1.78 
+07 OB8 
+22 332 

Hnh Income True! 
Grt 3 Fmm hr 
Tsl Of M* Trusts 
Soros Sas Trust 
Ntn Amer Trust 
Fa Eastern Trust 
to* Grwfli 

74 7 79.5 -01 516 

523 557* -0 5 051 

59.8 637c *03 104 

75 1 799 +05 239 

80 1 84 0 -10 1 66 

832 666* -0.7 056 
501 533 +10 106 

♦02 037 
+12 206 
+03 022 
+05 132 
♦ 1.7 

+01 394 


St George Hae Corpora eon Si Cararary CVi 

0203 563231 

UK Cto-Vi ACW» 1428 1519 
Do hcane I2J0 1319 

Ktaner he Aceum 
Do income 

124 0 1319 
2242 344 
Do income 1826 204 6 
Grts/Fraed Accun 10)5 I06S 
Do tame 869 91 4 

Kf*l Amu TM Awn 1345 W30 
Far East Ta Atom 152 0 161 6 
Euro T* Aeon 144 9 154 1 
General Trust 2304 2451 

First Trusl 2182 7324 J53 

fro** S tame 1305 1390 -04 3 

Capital Trust 224 7 2393 -06 2 

EMM* 344 6 3670 -0 7 3 

Actum Trust 5316 566.1 -02 3 

American tame 314 334* -0* 4 40 
High intern* tar 2455 2615 -1 2 4 75 

Ettjiy (name 1151 1439* -06 494 

ikon YMd 1*04 1495 -II 548 

Gov* Secs Trusl 298 31 1 -02 926 

toKfiUtam 829 883* +i 5 032 

Japan Fund 1169 1245 +2.6 002 

PKte Trust 1722 1B34* +3A 055 

Amer Sod 5«s 662 70S +1 0 1 39 

Sees Of /bite Til 2166 3»9 +30 O 

AH Asset Value 221 3 2357 -09 3 

C4i Gra/rth 374 390 -02 2 

Suite Cos 1162 1238* -06 ? 
2nd Saute Cos 1516 1636 -0 5 2 

ftewrarv 7ruS1 81 r 884 -05 2 

Met Urn ft CnKSV 776 82b +06 2 

□ seas Earrmgs 177.0 18B5* -01 3 

Teehnotogy Tsi 86? 918 . + 13 0 

hcome Exempt 1?30 1304# -1 1 6 

EremptSnuteCok 2779 2416 -06 £ 

USA Li Knot Trust 3+6 1 3669 +4 6 1 

131 Finsbury Pavement London EC2A TAY 
01-628 9816 01-200 8540/ 1 (2# 

CfltoW Growth Inc 583 623 -02 1 

DoAecwn 65 1 696 -03 1 

Eastern ft tout 1393 1*89 -03 0 


9-17 PgrrymouK RO. Haywws Hcaa 
0*44 458144 


Smate Co 9 Acc 
Oo Income 
Hun hcome 

Man tertfDto he 

Do acc 

North Anew 

1237 1330 +05 2.70 

2786 2456 -l 3 

1470 158 1 -08 098 

649 697 -03 5.78 

74 2 79B -Ol 494 
59 1 633c -05 120 

SB* 1062c -07 

61 J 6599 +13 127 
86.4 8£9 +1.4 02 

1 Lwmte PoutTter Ha. London £C4R 06A 
01-653 4680 

US Saute Cos 74 0 792 +11 0.! 

Carnal fund 10*9 1122 +n 0* 

heonw Fund 778 833 -03 4; 

Far Eastern Fird 77 4 328 +1 4 Oi 

Outness Income 69.1 740 +12 3.: 

Fixed hMrOSI 57.7 818 +01 91 

natural Res fml 350 37 5 *05 41 

Eurooeen tame 74 2 79.4 +10 3J 

+1 1 027 
+ft 042 
-03 4 73 
+14 OH 
-12 374 
+01 9 DO 
*05 46t 
-10 IS 

♦10 139 
+30 091 
-09 330 
-02 290- 


tiw Stock Exchange Londth EC2P 2JT 

31-588 2668 

37 4 390 -02 £90 

1162 1730* -06 277 
1516 1636 -0 5 2 45 

81 r 864 -05 2 >0 

776 fi2h +04 2.40 
177.0 1804* -01 315 
86? 918 - + IJ 098 

1730 1304* -1 1 023 

General Ins (41 
Do Acorn (*) 
ln«ma Fund (31 
Do Aceum [31 
mo he (?) 

Do Aosum (?) 
Smate he (51 
Do Atom tSl 

2101 2208 
335 9 353 0 
1016 1071 
1783 1878 
1 253 »31T 
ter 1734 
£11.38 13X6* 
£12.12 1£B4# 


190 West George SL Qasgow G2 ; 
0«l 332 3>J? 

Bahnced Gth he 431 *59 

Oo Aceum 438 486 

431 *59 
. 438 486 

tame GBi inc 395 *20 

Dp Actum 41 J 44 0 

Serwce Co j me 4Z o 500 

Do Aceum 47.4 505 


Ftnrer warn. Tonondge. TW9 TOY 
0732 362222 

Amenean 1029 110 1 

Amr Egufy tounrne 320 351c 

Amer Speed Sits 499 514 

Fjr East inc 342 384 


175. High Hoi bom. London WCTV 6PY . 
01-342 1148 

CS Japan Fimd 866 921 +09 023 

Cepdaf Groeffr Inc 583 623 
Do Accwn 65 i 696 

Eastern & tret 1393 i486 
Do 6°. vwndrauial 74 7 790 
Finance S Property 633 67.7 

1 OUtnpc Way WernWOV- HA9 ONB 
Oi 902 8876 

Gat A Fima ini 
Growth ft neome 943 *009 
japan Special Sns 45? 484 
japan Trust 1306 149 1i 

Managed tm Tst 1386 147 5 
M» hcomw EwNy 793 823 
ProteaxsuJ Gm 3?S 349 
South East Asia Tst 743 302 
Soacd S«P 1582 1702 

C*f & Fixed hcome 46 6 51 lc +0< 7 68 

Do Atoxn 
Eovty hcome 
Do Acorm 

81 a 666e +02 7 06 

75 4 80 6c -l.l *46 

176 2 1084c -2* 446 

hrTMKmw 763 816 -10 IK 

Do Aceum 700 1 21*0 -j.6 7^ 

M Income ~J5 1669 +04 2M 

Do Acorn 753 805* +02 230 

Da 5°- IMtndrwi 60 3 730* *03 230 

Managed Ftmd (S.S 

fteterence tncomo 206 316* -01 9W 

DO Aceum 959 1025m -019® 

SmaFBr Co S Accwn 13? I 141 S -01 1 68 
W«id Barmy Snare 90 10*w 071 

FhrtlokoTaUK 74 7 774# -09 165 

PortfoW Tst Japan 104 0 107 7# -0 1 0 00 

Pprtfoeo Tsi US 69* 719# *02 108 

POfUoho Tm Europe 10*8 1006# +02 000 

PixtfoMTMHK 40* Ate# +04 010 



Far East 

North Amenean 



2696 2868* -1.8 299 
315 7 3359* -73 411 

204.12171 +1.6 031 

1523 1622 +23 0S7 

470 S06c 190 

492 523 100 

580 617 +03 050 

499 514 
342 364 
30 9 323* 
$43 1009 
45? 484 
1306 1491* 
1386 147 5 
793 823 
3?fl 349 

♦15 07? 
+04 454 
+03 1.70 
+03 3B5 
-09 479 
+1 T 

+ 1 0 0.01 
-25 531 
-02 £51 

+03 049 
-08 070 


PO But 551 Bens Marks London EC3 7JO 

0i-62l 0011 

Capual 353 5 3701 +16 1 82 

tame 279 1 2306 -14 487 

Noth Aimmcan 2944 3149 +108 004 


1 King W*am St EC4N 7AJJ 
01-62? 6314 

Get Trust 1031 1103c -131085 


8 croiy Sa London EC3A SAN 
01-438 5858 

Amenean Exempt £3523 3598 
Japan Eaaneti £*096 *238 
Am Propwfy Ta Si 07990 • 

Property Trial £2032.0 

3. London Wail Bkte. Umdon wal. Union 


PO flmr *. N0r**f» MBI Mi 

Grwo Trust CM 57 -0“ 391 

htt Tnat 127 7 U44 -29 IS 

» Cannon Srro« Lcnoqn K*N SAE 
deatnge Qi-238 3885ffii</8|9f9 

imemaaonai Grown «70 lgf* l£ 

tanwftGrorrth 0 B -g| » 

worldwide Rk «0 'St IS 

*s r&zr bb 28 w 

-a? sg 

-06 173 
+05 0 00 
+ 10 l£7 
+10 0.15 
-os a;3 
+09 080 

^*rtgniS»om WCIV 7EB 
01-405 8441 

Grom* Fund me ȣ 

Do Accwn 'S3 

hcome Fund 7 

hBEouwhc 12JJ 

DO Aaum 127* 

IW TrurfhC I2}£ 

Do ACOh> XT37 2278 

-01 £11 
+0? £11 
-03 £75 
+20 123 
*20 123 

01 9+8-3358 ■ 

Broader Co a 

.532: 672. 

48 nan Stre et Henhy man* 
0401 576858 

Ml Growth 

BlCrtOM Oe Bc c 
Amt* Growth 
Inti Emm Cos 
Far East Grudh 
Eixcpean Gth 

«4 7 20«i 
1864 1996 
1462 1569 
70 0 78.1 
780 838 
7)5 81 1 
542 512 

+31 0.78 
-01 4*0 
+25 134 
+08 070 
+08 058 
+10 083 
+07 \A6 


2 22 B&MPGMe. landon EC2 


Mermawl House 2 Pud* 
3AT + ■ 


Amwcan Growth *30 
General GMM» 50? 
GHM> Teen "SI 
hcome Grwtrti . 
hcome Monthly . 

Japan Grow" ' ■ : «« 
MJ" Eqwiy me 36 
-Do Aocum 236 

CS0» Cwwdi ■-■ *’ ? 

Sm*&CtK 6ft3 

Special Opps - 720 

DeoS-iondo" ' 

458 +05 08*;- 

5U# -01 2.38:7 

458 +06 010.. | ' 

' 6239 -O* +69 . ’ 
515* -02-627.-.- 
530 - ♦ OJ-042. 

a&s «av-' 

352 ---01 iSKf*': 
5T2. ♦oa'LOtyj 
648' +03 209 

78.7b ^>2 ITS: - 

222 BMoratt 1 

01-247 75*4/7 


men Memos 

Ccn< ft GW 
Fftr Eastern 
North Amenean 
Spec*) SO 
Extra home 

1117 1198 
SS 7 648s 
965 1038 
1750 1876 
T2B0 138.1 
673 724d 
109.1 117.7# 

862 924* 


3 GUntrXji S<. Edinburgh EH3 6YY 
031 225 2501 (Dsawrydai -26 60661 

fnd Ex 122 1 
Japan E> (43) 

UK Ex (31 1 
Pvt Peru, tm 
Psji Pens UK 
BG Amenta 
BG Energy 
BG I nc ome GnMh 
BG Japan 
BG Technology 

a 23 r *478# 1 13 

a36? 4551 020 

33 6 2603 1 47 

4*0 0 *716 
199 0 3096 

171 3 1623c +2 1 02S 
1353 14*0 +1S 1*2 

1903 20? 5# -1.7 530 

30** 217 5 +&J 000 

1473 1S68# a 66 

2 Fore Sswet. LmxJon ECTV SAG 
01-588 IBIS 

ton Fund *1335 

Fned im U7Q e 

Depose 1000 

01-620 5101 
Arne* 8 Grm inc 
Do Acorm 

2350 2500 
2*02 2554 

Amer Tumama he 21Q5 22* 0# +39 1 13 

1 iitoiwiMTHiii midi i ini iii mm 

2 Fare Sheet London EC2Y 5AO 
01-500 (015 

Incarte 38069 9 483 

ACCUn £1094*1 

Deposrt 100 0 0.45 


SEIZE AJbamarie Sonet. London W1X *A0 

01-491 0235 


Japan ft General 
t+gn torcbna 
imamancnal Trust 
Mcryne Gih Tst 
G>ik & Fsro bit 
Global Markets 
Srecui SuloMds 

*92 527 
163 174 
113* 1213 
4*6 *77 
7*2 794a 

45 2 *8.4c +0.1 *2* 

20* 31 9# 
33 6 350 
379 *06 


Narrow Ram. &rsto* BS2 OjH 
0800 373393 

Amer Growth 233 2*8 

Eotxly Hrgn hcone *06 *35 
Eurevean Growth 26 6 28* 
General Eowy 372 39.6c 

Grt ft Fned im Gth 29 7 31 3c 
Grt ft Fixed Inc ?4 4 25 7# 
Inoer Secures 251 285 
Japan Grovrrtn 33* 356# 

Do Amen 2186 232** +*3 1.13 

Capml Tm he 203 8 2168 -0 B 196 

Do Aceum 245* 26i 0 -06 1.98 

Com 8 G*t he 880 920* -0J SJS 

Do Accuftl 1152 1224# -0? 530 

E-Jra me Tm Inc 1568 1666# -05440 

DO Acorns 1708 1 BO 8# +08*40 

In c ome Trust 1 1U 123.0 -0? 4 33 

Do Acoan i?i8 129 4 -02 433 

M Growth Fd he »« 4 ITS 8 +1 0 

Do Acaan 1B36 1952 +21 

Japan ft Gen he goo 956 +1.6 008 

Do ACOuni 910 966 +16 0 06 

McntTWy heme Fd 80S 85 S# -04 4 94 

ReowCT 1342 1*26# +1 0 1 63 

Do Aocum 
Con* 8 G*1 he 
Oo Accum 
Edro MC TM inc 
Do Aceum 
hcome Trust 
Do Acaan 
im Growth Fd he 
DO Acaan 
japan s Gen he 
Do Aceum 

-02 4 33 
-02 433 

+13 008 
+16 008 

51-69. MoTO HP. Bprd Essex. IG1 2DL 
01-478 3377 
Upborn Egoty 3830 *074 +06 336 

Eurnoean S£5 983 +£5 080 

HOham Comm si 9 SS2* +05 0 6* 
HcAom Hgh me 6*8 0 Bl9w -02 6*2 
HobrnU 993 1056# ' +2S OBI 

JfiBWDOe 992 10S5 +11 005 

N Amenean 7SB 886 +l 1 un 

Hdborn Spec Sts 6' 5 65,+a +0.1 £18 

Hdbom UK Growtn 791 84 1 +04 223 

Hotxm Gxt Trust 1858 1954 -1 7 £50 

laGanmge R4 Bns*0* 

027? 133*1 
Ausmtei - +#■ 


Gaurtai • 30> 

Oo Aceum 5« 

Exempt , ao 

□o Aeon WO 

Ear Easntn tfi 

Do Acnaw . . 174. 

Bn ft Prop ..SL 

Do Aceum- 82 

+*L6 1 98. - 
*06 . •- 
.4+&M > 
101 lo-. 

-a I SSI. r- 
-47 5[«tr 
*27 OSS: ‘ 1 
+3 0 osa :-- 
-0.1 3 2S ‘ 

+06 338 
•25 050 

Grt InoOrns 
Do «ccon 

Hron YWd 
Do Accpn ; 
Do Aceum 
h* Eamaiga 

-0 1 325 t 
-09 6«L . 
-it 8*i . * 
-00 9S&. - - 
-12 95S-* r 
-04 620 - - * 
*06 MO "J 
U* - 

HPbon Grt That 

3i-45 Grtsham Sl London EC2V 7LH 
- 01-800 4177 

Quaeraro General 43*2 +51 3 

Ouadram income 2*2.7 3*7.0# 

OuNtrant hd Fd 377 * 387.6 + 

Ouackant Recovery 2598 2756 

+23 1.12 


UK House Castle Sl SataUur* SPi 3SH 
0722 338242 -.+ . v 

UK Equty 1103 m?W -01 ■ Vr , . 

Rw^Qawi 1578 1® 3# +*4 J- 

N Arnsr -7155 12! 7#. +21 .. ." , 

Sl Swotwis Lana. London EC4P *DU 
01-280 5*56 


65 Hahoro Vreouet EC1A 2EU 
or 236 3053 '. . . 

Growth .he 
Do Aceum 

233 248 *06 «90 

*00 435 -0* 4 *0 

26 6 28* +06 200 

372 395 c +01 £70 

334 3669 *06 060 


umcorn House 252 RorrMrd RJ E7 

01-53* 55*4 

1*60 1552# 

+ 10 1 63 

576 612 

+05 080 

Do Accun 

570 612 

+08 088 


Prtham End Dadaig. Surrey 

2306 885055 

fp eautv Dm 

1902 201 9 

+06 £90 

Do Accun 

317 1 3366 

+10 £90 

=P Fixaa ton D«s» 

1130 1202 

-08 5 89 

Do Accun 

128 7 1369 

-09 509 

Smwwtish® Dd 

164 7 17*8 

♦01 ISO 

Do Accun 

1700 IM* 


NC America he 2836 301.8# 

Do Acoun 3082 3278# 

NC Energy Res 1324 T*08 

NC intone 866 S2.T 

NC Japan 1922 20*4 

NC Snaler Cos 138* 1472 . 

45 1 NC SmCr ElxOO Co s 1723 1B29 

7i NC Exempt GS D3Q0 1350 

79 1 NC Amer Prop 51157 12.18 

I NC Property 1583 1582 

Hoi vwd 
Do Aeon . 
Soaoh 5W - 
DO Accwn - 
Trustse ■ 

Ed Atcnm ' -. 
Amer 6 Gen 
Oo Aceum 
Master PoMoto 
Oo Aceum 

NC Propert y 

Arrvwa 863 918 

Ausl Accwn IMP i:’i J 

Do Incorru 809 060 

Carnal 67 5 71.8 

Emnpl Trusl 4129 *392 

Extra Income 73 5 78 1 

Fnaneiat 227* 3*12 

500 »> I 277.7 

General 1336 1*21 

C*r ft F»m me 94* 572 

japan ft Gm Inc 16&1 <708 

Do ACC 1700 1808 

Growrrr Aonxn I73J 1044 

Ktm Trust 318 l 3383 

LrtMxe Trust . 790 0*0 

Specui Smiaxoro 137 3 i*6Q 

Rocowty 1880 1999 

Trustee Fund 1031 1096 

Umv lech Aceum SI * 54* 

Da income 508 5*.D 

WortdunM Truer t*80 157 4i 

B Tsi Irry Fund ACC 3130 3338 

DO he 2033 2162 

B63 918 +18 1*5 

1MJ) I+t 2W +16 177 
80 9 060# +12 177 
67 5 7l.8e +01 306 
4129 *392 +0 * 4 08 

161 Cnwosde. London EC2V 6EU 
01 726 1999 

Energy Trust *3 7 454 

6 nr* tame 1ST* 167 4e 

Fmanoal 1656 1761# 

Gifi Straregy 56 0 677 

Growth tonretimem 25*6 2814# 
toricome ft Growh 39.0 41AC 
Japanese fi Paahc 1787 1900 
Nth Amer Growth 1028 1085 

3181 3383# -06 £85 
. 790 8*0 +01 133 

137 3 1*60 230 

1880 1999 -05 2*1 

1031 1096# -01 297 
51 * 546# +1 3 021 

508 SJ.O# +12 021 
1*80 157 4# +2.7 103 

ho Recovery 
smatoer Cos 
Global me Tst 
Special 96 Acc 

<020 1085 
107S 1143* 
207 3 2205 
58 1 59 6# 
2742 2916 

+ 0 * 3 ® 
-08 S52 
+06 1.90 
-07 278 
-Oi *.68 
♦?5 063 
-I* 086 
+0.4 178 
-08 150 
♦02 5.61 
-06 172 


PuOAc Trustee Kmgsway WC2 

0i-*05 4300 

fross Inc 
Hgh VMd 

3518 362 4 
1402 152 *# 
2188 221 J 


an Fbor 8. Oeronishte $ 4 . Laid 
01-283 2575 Deatong 01-626 9*31 

. Lota £C3U *Yj 

Crown House. Woking GU21 1XW 
0*062 5033 

Mgn Income TrosT 23*6 2509 +05 521 

Grower Trust 21*5 229 Ac +0 7 314 

American Trost 1298 1386* +05 072 


UK Cap Frxl hC 917 IQ 

Dd Accun 133 7 14. 

rncome Fund 786 # 

Person Exempt 1654 171 

Mlemuenel 1671 171 

US fi General £90 632 

Tech A Growth 6* * 68 9 

Japan ft General 251 4 2685 

Far East ft Gen 1109 1168 

Euopeantinf 237 7 25*3 

Germany Fund 6£S 672 


917 1003c +01 2£0 
1337 1431 +02 230 

786 04 1 +0.1 620 

165* 1732c +05 190 
1673 179 0 +29 090 


33 hmg toWtam Street London EC4R BAS 
Ci -638 5670 

[ici !?.' ' if * 1 JJJ .' 

+29 090 
+0.6 090 
+0.7 1.10 
+45 0J0 
+ 1 2 040 
+49 OAC 
+17 100 


PO Bo> 156. Beckemum. Kira BR3 - 

01-658 9002 

Rm^teSurrey RH2 8BL 

UK hcome 480 -51 1 

UK Grown Accun *75 50 T 

DO OW 476 50.7 

Eurowan Growth 512 545 

Paahc Orounn 53? 566 

Eautv mcrxne 

Growth ft me 
japan Soeoai 
Japan Sumse 
Fra Eurooe 
Frrv japsi 
Fra N Amer 
Fra Smate Go's 

5*6 583 
562 601 
551 592 
1153 122-6 
60 7 652 
10*9 P2t 
9*8 1013 
1034 1 100 
096 950 
*97 531# 
625 67-2 

-01 580 
+09 090 
+22 030 
+2* 030 

£ St Mary Axe London EC3A 8BP 
01923 1212 Deaux) 01-623 9766 Oeahng 01-623 

512 545 +12 193 

532 566 +09 

+20 (LOO 
+18 030 

4 kiennee Cum Ednbwgn 
031-226 3*92 

American Fund 726 77 

Capial Fund 930 99 

frowm ft he Fund 127 8 136 7c 

10 Fenehutch SL London EC3 
01-623 8000 

European me B! 

Do Accun iff 

Genera* Inc 151 

Dd Accun 2d 

Grt Trow me 1 1: 

Do Aceum 10 

MiYM me » 

Oo Accun 16I 

Japan Income 25' 

Do Aceum 2S 

N Amonun Inc 9 

DO Accun 51 

Paohc hcome 13 

Do Accun 15* 

Smw Cos Inc 71 

Du Aceum 9. 


1279 1361 
85 7 900# 
105 7 H07# 

150 5 1600# -1*321 
205 2 2181 -1 9 121 

205 2 2181 
113* 1170 
1019 187 6 

High Ora Fund 
todemaMnAi Fund 
Rwsouue Fund 
Sml* jap CO'S Fnd 
Tcfcyo Fund 
IEx| Amer (Si 
(Ex) Japan (3) 

IE») Paotc HI 
ffixl Smate Jap (4) 

Fund 1059 1133 
al Fund 19*2 207 7# 
, Fund 184 198 
cos to 388 *15 
xl 174 4 1866c 

1455 1502 
1120 1156 

255 3329 

+02 £19 
-03 171 
-07 *20 
-05 596 
+29 198 
+04 091 
+10 .* 
+30 000 
+09 368 

01-823 1212 Deaux) 01-623 5766 Dc 
5 SOB 

Amenean Trust 92 0 985 

Australian Tnrsl 167 178 

»rtdh Tst Accun 53 0 579c 

OoDdt *7 2 50*c 

Gommaaty Snare 502 53 7 
European Tnat *81 51.6 

Extra moon* Trust 45 6 48 6 

Far Eastern Trust 135 1 1445 
Food Interest Fund 20 1 280# 

Grt Truer 265 ?76# 

Global Fund Accun 1725 1836 
Do GW 16*5 1750 

OotoJ Share Trust (00 11 6 

Hedgad Amenean 29 9 32.0 

92 0 985 +20 000 

167 178 +03 035 

53 8 575c -04 233 
*7 2 50*c -04 293 

502 53 7 +04 >58 

48 1 51.6 +12 038 

53 7 +04 >58 

51.6 +12 038 

48 6 -0 1 5.49 

445 +20 000 

280# 9.76 

276# -0 2 857 

036 +20 020 

750 +£0 020 

American |rt 
Secuibw (3 
'Mgrt Yield (51 
(4artn 13) 
too Merest 
Hfifti biarasi 
Far East 12) 

2235 2275 
7160 731 0 
1590 1525 
3745 3KL54 
1665 >605 

• 192 
+10 £48 

1050 1979 
,2705 2078c 
2038 2t69rt 
2003 2?1 ? 
404 *30# 
*07 433 
1332 1*18# 
2033 71 &3# 
. ■ 612 - 65 2 
812 (52 
£53 12 6053# 
£5996 0008.- 

ADxrd Rain ASB.lSt.4197 
- Od Aceum 113? 1210 

Far Eam ft Gen he - SO I 54JJ 
Da Aceum 'SOT S* 0 

*(3 2 at 
♦ I 8 260 _ 

-(4 S.M. J 

: JSi >\ 


*12 197 ♦ 

• +12 137':*. 

*051 257-* 
-051 isr*r; 

.. ♦12 0» 

-*i2 A82>.' 

WanAny House 7 Devaatxra Ea Lond* 

1)1-929 (53? 

1225 1235# -1.01296 

New Haft Piece. Lnrrpooi L8B 3HS 
051-227 402 

Eorty That 597 635 -0.1 251 

tort Thai 738 785c +12 129 

G« Truer 285 27.8 -02 827 

US Tnat 329 3*9 +05 1.45 

note BOOT TM 415 442 +15 050 

Amenean Troll 
Far East ft Gen - 
HI Grcmtfl 
XiLO m n Tnnr 
Japan Graenh 
-Surah Corop* 1 *- 
UK Trust. 
EucDOan Grower 
Mxxg Kong 

. 6*5- 09te +13 
1060 1 12.3b '*£0 
-60.1 7£6* +11 

' r1285 i&? +26 

-.’1Q9S1T79. -0& 

335 3B0 +06 

95.1 ,377 +02 

S 1 134.B .- 

- 5V1 . 54.4# +10 

- 230 £*S . +03 

*£ Charione Sq. I 
031-226 327i 

20 Orton Sl London EC2 
01-920 0311 

Eotxly Dot 1130 1203# 158 

Do Accun 158 9 H59.1W -0 1 158 

X hcome Trus 892 9*5# -03 A47 

Accun 104.9 lit. 7# -04 4 47 

US Growth 587 625 +09 09* 

DO Accun 585 637 +08 054 

4 088# -09 5.73 

0 >700 -17 573 

251 9 265J 
253 7 2671 
50 7 539 
539 62* 

133 6 1*05 
>50 6 158 0 
78 3 83* 
9£8 980 

Bath rom. Chehenhem. Goucester GL53 7LQ 
02*2 521311 

UK Balanced he 662 7069 -01 2*9 

Do Accun 672 717# -01 2*5 

UK Growth Accun 803 85.7 -0 1 1 93 

UK Hrgn he he 03 4 67.6 +02 5 32 

N Amenean Accun 65 9 70 3# +10 053 

Far Eastern Accun 906 1062# +£5 Ol* 

European Aceum 7*7 797c +10 09* 

UK Gin ft FI Inc 53 7 579# -0.4 890 

Oo Accun 559 59.0# -05 8.06 

Do DM 164 5 1750 +£0 020 

Ootoj Share Tnat (00 116 -0*2*5 

Hedgad Amancan 299 320 *03 010 

tkqh Income Trust 1410 1510c -0*510 

Hong Kong Trust 77 5 295 +fl* 03 6 

hcome Fund 73 8 791c 328 

hsuance Agencies £4527 48 85# -Oil '-98 
Japan Trust ■ 1504 1600# +21000 

Managed Exempt 26*4 2765 -£3 £77 

0* ftBieroy Tool 306 328 150 

Soeoai Sr» Trusl 92 7 993 +0 3 0 79 

UK Sm<r Cs Pec Tst 70 7 75 7 1 44 

European Ajxum 
UK Grt ft FI Inc 
Do Accun 

Wmcrasaer Hso. 77 London WA London EC2N 

01-588 5620 

HI Growth 79.6 85.1# +09 152 

American Growth 63 9 68 7# +0 6 066 

Amenean he 6? 5 725 +09 *91 

Eurcpsan Growth 20T7 22? 1 +4 1 037 

Gold ft lAnera's 350 376# +0*226 

Japan Growth 1690 181.7# -15 

74-70 Fhsouty Pavemem LOUM EC2A IJD 
01-588 J777 DeWgfll-630 0478/9 MoneyGud 

Growth Qrt 
ms Recototfv 
Smate Cos 
UK Growth 
Exu* to*: 


me ft Grown 

593 ease - 0.1 0*1 

1039 uoe +0.6 ?67 
1410 150.4 -0.3 190 
36 * 385 -01 224 

53 7 579# -04 7.B2 

25 9 27 J# -02 7-80 
191 6 *0* 4 -1.1 496 

Ravel Exchange. EC3P 3DN 
01-688 9903 


Royal London House. Cokmmer COI IRA 
(006 578115 

Amenean Growth 897 955# +07 £79 
Capital acc ua 174.7 lass# -02 223 

Grt hcowe 553 589# -05 895 

Hrgn Income 80.6 850 -0.I4B6 

hcome ft Growth 98* >04.7# -0.1*94 

Japan Growth 0*2 1009 +1.1 005 

Spew SOS 1085-1159 -09 19? 

Amenean .Fund 
Do Accun 
Do wthdrawat 
Austrian Fund 
Brush Fund 
Do Accun 
Euopean Fund 
Oo Aceum 
Japan Fold - 
□o Aceum 
S*nu PPP 

2286 2*1 * 
254* 271 1 
1501 >69/4 
S?,6 905 
9*.l 1003 
589.1 6274 
7S3 5 8451 
276 3 28*9 
•290 4 3099 
3284 3438 
3300 3515 
ISSN 178/* 


13 Cheuode Sq. Edteurgh 
031-225 1551 . 

AuSHtelGoU . 157 .167 

PBCthc Brort . • . 131 T4.0 

Canadian Bar Gtti S72 61 1 
GximertlaaFna. 41OTO 1Q52W 

13 1 14,0 ' +02 020 

S72 '611 ' +0l 097 


Sun Afcrnce HM- HamhMn. Susan 
(U03 562S3 

Eouty Troar Acc • 37*0 3984 +02 253 

N Am Tnat Acer .587 624; +12 1 11 
Far East Truer acc -5C5 898 +20 000 

totethrate Bond *93 524 . .+04 7 13 

2 Honey Le EC2 8ST 
OT-6O6 9085/8 

9» DW Grt Fuxl 675 686 
Jj® Oom BonO FO 450 5 508 ' ■ 

888 73 5 +08 698 

997 1065# +19 £10 


23. Western Rd. Romtord RM1 3LS -. 

60-73. Queen SL Edteuran EH? 4NX 
(Runted) 0708-66966 Or (ton) 03V-226 7351 
Amer me ft Grown 880 735 +08 65 

Capeai urns 997 1065# +15 £« 

CornmodiTy 434 454 +04 13 

Energy mds AZO 449 45 

Eurooean Growth IQOS 1073 +08 05 

ExenotmcBnd 79 6 838 -05 59 

Do tort (43) 557 61 8 +05 £3 

Expteaxsi 36.1 385 +03 OO 

Fmancoi Secs 951 TMB +04 20 

Grt ft Fite 539 555 -09103 


Keens - Horse. Andover. Haro. SP10 IPG 


Whdsor House .83. Kmgsway lxodon VVC2B 

6SO • - “ 

01^05 8331 ' - 

GOPrAEqUty 475^606 
Income . 523 5&7e 

0254 56789 DesbngK 0264 63*32(3/4 
Amenean he 1 IMS 1222# 

Energy IMS 
Eurooean Growth 
Exorooi he tal 
Do he (43) 
Fmancor Secs 
Grt ft FI te 
Hqn Return Unas 
t*V Ywo Unis 
hcome Unas 
immsmiera That 
Japan Grow** _ 

+04 132 
+09 053 
-05 591 
+08 23t 
+09 000 
♦0.4 20* 

Japan Grow# 962 1025 
Japwi Smate Cos 130 1 138L1 

1755 1880# -16 458 
16i2 1723 -05 441 

933 897 -04 640 

8*1 809 +0.1 232 

1149 I2Z2 +14 392 

Gil 5 Fned toe in 2 126 0 -06 880 

Growth Equty 1967 3*2 -0 7 210 

Guarwxfl 27*4 M* 3 291 

N Amenean 1387 147 6 -3 0 1.56 

PScrtC 2386 2St2 +4 7 0 12 

Property Share 2629 2797# -14 1 42 

Smate Comparws 20* 0 220.3 +1 J 1 79 

Euopean Trust £13* 2*8.4# *201.15 


Property snaro 

-06 880 
-0 7 2 10 
-3 0 1.56 
+4 1 0 12 


New Technology 
36 *W GrOMdi 
Scotyro ros ~ 
Swd tommasorai 
Senate Cos he 
Soeoai seatom 
UK Eguty 

US Growth 
Unwersat Growth 

-0-4 640 
+0.1 232 
+14 392 


♦02 301 

♦13 £59 

Do Accun 
Etfa hcome he 
Do Accun 
Genual Untte 
' Do Accun 
G« ft Fned he 
Do Accun 
Pacrte te . 

Do Accun 
hd he 
Do Accun 
SeteNd .Om he 
Oo Accun 
Oo Accun -. . 

.1207 1285#- 
1140 121.3 
1331 1415 
1508 1605# 
9*55 2544# 
43 6 517# 
B5.6 68*# 
2093 2227 
161.1 (714# 
1659 177 0« 
3111 331.0 
3842 *088 
610 6*3 
- 560- 71 r 
305 4£( 
*08 432 

28.6 305# +09 301 
907 069 +29 

97.4 10* 1 +10 £59 

1289 137 8# +05 202 
1505 1609 -11 399 

151.1 16T5 -IQ 4.13 
760 812 +12 160 

isas 1595 -* 1 *06 

S9-5 95i 7# -02 206 

1728 1840c -09 £79 

73 0 780 +1 0 V82 

862 9£1 +13 195 

TagNTteoe. Gatehouse RO. AyMsowy Bucks 

Amr Eagb 

European Soec Sits 991 1050 

Extra hcome HSO «Z36 

Fmanoal 263.7 2818 

Grt hcome 1042 1094 

730 785# +11 003 
151 172 +02 010 

56.1 71 1 1 41 

•302 324# +02 1 6S 
1213 130J -09 331 

•♦1.0 187 
-11 791 

lii i ]/.v i ~ r R 1 Vr ; 





5 5 (02 



4? 13* 



J2 10? 

1 *0 


78 H2 







C 22 



13 637 







35 1*9 




17 106 






1 0 144 










66 70 








59 03 




88 21 2 




2 0 168 



3 6 15 9 



56D 68 99 




HO 54 

n 21 


28 23 1 












1*24 2 




+ 1 



43 105 



640 54 165 








1 1 

55 106 



48 88 




21b 18 109 


• -6’ 


60 101 




74 98 




1 7 159 



23 23* 









45 111 


• -5 


17 153 



224 33 



1 49 


! S 

*4 135 


+ 1 


29 18* 




53 131 


• +1 


£7 136 




24 212 





• -3 


21 2E6 






1 5 

16 109 



21 21 S 













£0 281 




• +2 





14? 336 



£0 163 




a 7 13 9 




22 1 70 




21 251 



35 159 




72 91 




37 159 




9 1 1-10 




t.r 13.8 






10 149 




20 06 




19 >08 








49 170 




-3 . 




69 91 



22 Ml 




64 64 


107 : 

118 61 



36 104 




13 278 



id 162 




52 1*9 



22 2*3 


• *1 


IB 107 



35 1*6 







£5 17 5 



39 IB 7 


• -1 


27 126 




156 4 0 


J 1 

*6 115 






1 S250 






1 7 

71 20 




































































































































































































• 31 











































T j 




Hqn Low Gonvany 

dv VW 

Phce Chge oence S PIE 

3*3 -2 

2 4 

300 * 


181 -#+1 


2KJ 9-3 




266 +1 


135 -3 


V. +1 


9* • 




230 -3 



64 +1 

1 1 

7 § •** 








47 35 
71 31 

*9 21- 
154 116 
22 13 

20 12 
156 Iftf 
140 -90 
247 187 
106. 06 
750 375 
94 77 

t33 75- 

900 490 
218 153 
**Q 320 
290 190 
36? 26* 
112 ?6 
27 16 

206 152 

Amenean Express C4? w ■ 

ft3)W 46 

Bottom 30 

Bntama Arrow 139 

C**v «*a* . €19 

Do A riB 

Beam t*i 

Eng Tnat 1J0 

Ste p 214 

ertteauon 1O1 

Framengton ' 750 
Frost CS> . to 

Goods ID ft toll' ns 

Hendusoo Admn 833 

CH . ■ 

MAI 375 

U ft G 2?0 

JteeanMe House -297 - 

Pacte tow Tst 111 

Do warrants .. .s» 

Smart Near Court tSl. 

l 14 30 256. 

60 *3 ?63 

• . 700 37 04 

.*+ - -700- 33 l£l 
-. -59- 42338, 

. ’ -® ■ 40 39' 155 

60 28 130 
- 33 .33 03 
, 93 1 ? 349' 

. S.-.10 . ill if gf 

. I28b 70 -75 

+5 ?£9 e,t aa 

J!' '.XS&T 
189 64 -ao 
+1 os os . • - 

■*■4*7 IOO 6? 7S 



GWJojfnsonaod Co report ^rB 

SUGAR (FraaiC. CzBniaHr) 

— 106^50-08JX) 

— Toswaoo 


— 1872 


iall |T -^ 

Unofficial price# 
Official TiRlUIMr flgOM# 

WcBl kn £ pwrmMc tona# 
Mwr in pane# per Mgr ounce 

W* ft Co. Ud. report 
ewi es75am» 

mSBMonffis . 91&SH3I7.O0 

vol . 7pnn 

Tooo steady 

cwft aerxjMeaoB 
Three Months. 889.00-891.00 

Vol (ig 

Tone IM# 


Ca* 2S8.004S9D0 
Three Months. tt4iXK2B5J» 

V°> 2425 

Tooa Renter 


C «h 515J30-52SJ30 

Vol NO 

Torb kfla 


Cast 545.00-547.00 

Three Months . S425D643JOO 

VC8 1375 

Tone Steady 


Cash 338.00-34fl.00 

Three Worths . 345J(W4a00 

VW One 

Ton# Quiet 




11 4* 









0E r * ^ 

^,-7».rte-.r .Ti ll 

Aasage fatsteck pnm at 

Live Cattle Contact 

a na l nf— aJU on 

0«88. - 6«7-«43 


GB: Cattle. SJ96pptr Kg lw 

O^^ecp 1582%) par Kg an 

L+. • + 1 


Cash — . — 3»«W4&5a 

A ■ • T^rtto in 1 ^ 


'^cld — 

From >our pon folio card check your 
tigni stare price movements. Add them 
up to give you your overall total Check 


daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back at your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 


Lee Refrigeration 




Shares mark time 

r Dealings began yesterday. Dealings end August 8. §Contango day Augus 
§ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business day 


ist 1 1. Settlement day August 18. 

ig TUnr>Ng«i»pa pmtj MitrJ 



Claims required for 
+34 points 

Claimants should ring 0254*53272 

BO 58 Rea B ran 01 ' I B 10 139 

Ob I Of RistlwMd m Md 126 • -! 71 06 S3 

»W 269 Bo*1 Bw 0* Sea 316 143 4.6 9? 

14- b - Scnrtjoere £6'. 1*2 31117 

894 419 Sana Own 752 50 OB fi£ 93 

818 6U Unaa 698 • 639 7* 703 

71- 43' We*» Fargo CTO. *|\ 

320 330 warruv 285 77 37 139 


EB> Mi —I 1 ■ 



Weekly Dividend 

Phase make a note of your daily loials 
for ibe weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
Saturday's newspaper, 


5B0 379 
M0 176 
II? 75 
W II 1 
15? 6* 
738 568 
318 313 
343 183 
57 37 

E5 149 
35? 703 

3*3 350 
256 140 
79 60 

190 *47 
bf 79' 
365 36? 
S® 37 
213 <63 
445 360 
85 48 

B? 43 
337 237 
380 255 
253 150 
156 108 

53 25 
276 158 
160 90 

114 84 

163 50 

358 228 
243 1T5 

290 85 
323 233 
219 124 
423 270 
178 I 26 
*33 205 
82 51- 

250 110 
56 33 

65 47 

313 241'. 
108' 8' 
49 15 

580 383 
32 IQ 
17'. 13 
260 160 
190 120 
746 162 
24'. 15'. 
158 116 
45 72 

214 180 
488 15B 
615 445 
152 74 

54 31' 

168 96 

216 142 
134 7B 
16-. 13' 
253 170 
12b *4 

529 374 
250 170 
360 225 
318 206 
273 185 
265 155 
198 118 
505 320 
323 225 
IDS 5* 
103 7b 
285 230 


Br Telecom IH2 

B>own Bonn- Krm <03 

sar*" 1 * » 

Cash) 8 wnmi 648 

CanMge Elec 215 

CAP Dp 200 

f—wi 45 

Dp 7' CPf TOO 

ComUO 310 

Cray ton OM 

CrylwWo 214 

Dele EJaa 60 

Dauautv 170 

Dewnunl 'A 32 

D.JOWX3 328 

DnMHq & MU'. 37 



Elecnone RenuK 51 

tiro* Lignrwg 283 

tmeatwm 780 

Fame* Bed 153 

Ferromi 112 

Fowaia lOCft *2 

G£C 188 

DiMnena 125 

tttrtana Elea 8* 

UL 55 

IM Sural & Come* 228 
Jones SuctU 2*3 

node 275 

LvC FtilrmfjMn 253 

Ld«a 202 

MKBea 363 

Macro ■> 167 

Menec 220 

, ucro BS 5t» 

M*io loan HO 

MAaone CM** M 

Murrey EM** 

. ImMMfli (Loua) 303 

ME I 91 

Oceaws ,iS 

ChWO bntrumoms 535 
Precnm 27 

Rape F*i 5'*» Cl '9 

P64t» Lamp* "(V n3- 

P "do A‘ Lid voang 160 

Pieesac <31 

ly—q Auconutcn 26 

Real Elea <76 

Routtex 47b 

Sc none KJM) 580 

b-noirock I3J 

'. Sound DdWuon 35 


^ Digram B. 

Tmnm Raman 205 
Tafemelni “ 

Tnorn EUl 4*7 

Thorpe (FWI SO 


DEI 296 


Utd Lettmg ira 

Lnd SdeniTC 1K> 

vc hwrunwms *o? 

Vole. »5 

Western SWecron 76 

WMwotm Boa B5 

i wiuusae Fnuig 255 

100 20 176 
10 7 59 106 

43 42 96 

01 0721 1 
06 08 62 

136 2 I 17 7 

106 49 129 
21 11 


21 07 15* 

48 15 355 

65 30 130 

6 4 10 7 199 
1 0 06 

16 50 77 

78 09221 

21 5? 118 

4.1 24 12 6 

89 25 175 
ID 16 863 
4 6 90 14? 
• 96 3 1 157 
68 74 151 

31 20 151 

2 4 21 17 1 

07 17 171 

61 351IB 

02e 66 104 
36 4 3 10.8 

17 31 76 

10 04 

121 50 94 

1710 62 574 
179 7 T 98 

1 4e 07 219 
154 42 132 

14 0.8 257 
43 20 170 

07 13 88 

4 04105 286 
Din 02 
193 64 138 

75 62 131 

11 73 JO 

26 05 234 

16 69 13* 

575 4B 

75 31 134 

75 47 67 
72 36 146 



cuyujn Son 



7? 92 



Conen i*> 




33 71 1 



Conroe Co 




37 146 



Competed Teen 




Cement, n 



54 1*2 



Core bunorwy 


• -6 


30 168 



too* iWmi 


e -b 


30 IM 





11 1 

26 123 



Corwin (F) 



30 393 







46 155 



COuHne* Pooe 



31 131 



Cowan O Gram 




57 11 1 



Crwt Nmnin 



4 5 102 

22 i 


Ciouki Homo 




60 106 



Cuimn 3 

f 127 








0 7c 







09 363 






68 101 





— • 



Diw. A MM A 






Own A Newman 



14 3 

61 74 





• •? 


55 97 



De La Rue 



47 1 

47 123 






50 9 1 



Dei 'rend 5Umpng 




42 136 






4? 102 



hnu Heel 




35 19 I 







41 113 



Dooson Pad- 


• *1 


02 129 






69 114 



Donwnn he 


• *4 


65 I3L2 





• 10 



Oywn rJAJI 



74 133 



Do A 



86 11 4 




Turner 6 Natan 

Unwe iV* 



Vcr? Prxtjsn 



wade Rowes 

man ma 

WnrtvT CiMS 



wiuvner n ee«e 



M 8 BS i lames) 

"Yl** i — Hugs 

Wase iSfti 
WKiO0ttM 6 ft> 

Wyneha-n Eng 

tcirvg (Mj 


-? 01 01595 

l-l 29 21 MB 

-2 1078 66 74 

71 30 112 

16 16 223 
562 33 153 

79 I 

|*5 120 

96 l 
171 : 
-2 86 ■ 
1.2 ISO : 


-5 1*4 


» 268 


246 223 APngwomi 2« 

104 120 AOMti Hume 136 

715 285 Amafaqasu ££ 

206 UO Berkley Tec» 2» 

20 10 C am Oki CI0 

283 194 Cannot* 

43 18 Centre*** 

29' 17 Eawty 8 Gen 27'. 

105 135 l*orv 6 Sene l» 

194 153 Mapd* 

70 U Ml Home U»n» 63 

IB 00 
100 74 5 7 
275D 43 62 

17 1 10 732 

5.7 23 39.5 

1 7 62 257 

68 50 185 
000 4 9 261 

95 80 Do8*« 

140 114 NewmMkM 

r^ iroc WnuH aw m roa Pug»a< 

SK" g- 

Atnenhara 350 

Anenor ChornUM 237 

0TP 142 

EMear 06*50 t» 

Bwaen 120 

Brent Chens 145 

Br BMim n 

Caimmg m 


» 36 

-V* 130 


160 126 
37 21 

301 311 
360 236 
126 97 
607 524 
355 240 
19'- 11 'i 
360 230 
2D1 145 
106 90 
100 145 
150 73 
130 54 
192 142 
183 1*5 
270 160 
2*1 142 
280 205 
290 220 
201 151 
316 2*1 
263 106 

414 126 
250 170 
323 101 
90 75 

567 499 
292 220 
110 85 

100 50 
620 SBS 
760 124 
115 93 

210 ISO 
257 210 
02'. 55 
300 258 
190 152 
165 127 
246 157 
540 300 
410 344 
163 122 
221 154 
658 520 
383 Z65 
310 216 
209 210 
161 138 


ASDA-MF1 136 

Acme Onttfcs 25 

Kod ^ 

A$$oc Fananes 99 

Arana 537 

Bu*s {Sidney O 305 
Barker 6 Damon 
Ban (ACQ 330 

Bassett Foods 186 

Baileys * 

Bctam 172 

Bums Coni 66 

Br Vending (BVO 123 

CadDiey-SrAMOPU 1H 
Ceos Mong «s 

Ctetonfc Darae 225 

DO A' 201 


On 2 20 

F«Mr (Albert) 174 

Fncn LOW* 241 

Glass Gtowr 180 

tUMwaod Foods 136 
HNarOS 193 

Hfcnown HUgs 276 

Home Farm 90 

Iceland Frman 512 

Kww. Save 258 

Lem Mono J) 105 

Low" IGF) * 

LOW (Wn* W0 

Mannews (Bernard) 223 
Mam Trane Supo im 

Mormon (W) 202 

Ncnou UW 1VW0)2» 
Normals 55 

N»w foods » 

Huron 6 P eaco ck 166 

Park Food* ijg 


Howntree Mac 

I S»«8U 
STC. 3g 

Tosco 358 

Ungare 283 

46 33 14.9 

2 A 104 500 
11.1 35 14 0 

07 30 113 

5 0 5 1 293 

171 32 130 

140 40 00 
.. I 

111 40 9.4 

07 52 172 

31 32 110 

5.7 13 305 
70 04 250 
10 18220 
04 5.1 194 

00 55 05 
101 40129 
103 51 110 

100 44 242 
3 2 1.0 235 
150 02 110 
50 11 143 

313 240 
221 156 
277 214 
43 ■ 29'- 
153 102 . 
20'. 17'. 
ID* 52 
20-. IB'. 
381 262 
20- 19'. 
164 134 
1*2 112 
3J2 158 
214 124 
415 315 
55 22 
42 2b 
143 106 
T6 60 
6?fl 408 

67 35 

124 84 

69 31' 
123 100 
41- 27'. 
199 157 
67 40 

131 B4 
385 256 
310 260 
110 69 

157 100 
150 ill 
1 1'. 756V 

344 19* 

MS 250 
10? 107 
312 206 
10'. 6'- 
93 59 
232 13* 
162 1S6 
?6b 180 
280 230 
41 25 '< 

49 20 

191 141 
190 145 
116 90 
23? 133 
275 175 
623 431 
150 32 

190 01 

221 140 
201 98 

96 65 

142 122 
61 62 
106 68 
285 140 
120 91 
310 234 
115 08 
268 207' 

191 119 
315 2ll 
295 256 

129 96' 
6*5 473 
216 133 

44*. 22' 

345 235 
140 66 
132 67 

29 21 
38 25 

325 180 

130 105 
290 230 
215 123 

Eastern Prod 260 

Eooro 193 

EtS 220 

QD»M 37 

Deco 137 

Etecroui |AE) B 1 £26 '• 
Eacn <Bt 95 

Einnan £2* - 

Engi on Crana Coy 308 ILM| B CM'- 
Ervuw House 136 
El*op ejn Femes 138' 

Do 5-. PH 131 

Euerrt 2'2 

Eipamn an 17« 

I To* 3E0 

Fjuajn 44 

Faedv Agne utd 32 

Fenner UHj 122 

Fee Wjnur 60 

Foam 60< 

FiOwNon 62 

Rated CAW >04 

Fowl *7 

Forjany 103 

FgkH Group HAT 34'. 
Fonw^e A Har»«v >76 

Franco iTnonusi 52 

GEI M <01 

GKN 33i 

GR »5 

Canon Eng IQS 

Gewvter 122 

G«vo* 133 

. goto 958 

GtvnwM 310 

Corng ken 310 

Granquan rtogs >45 

Granaos 276 

GrOrffiXHJ 7 

Haem Precision 6* 

HU Eng 176 

HU iMi 142 

Haile >43 

Hafena 2bB 

, harmtson lnd 37 

Hanwe* 21 

Hanson 171 

Do B^r Cm H7l 

Do 5'-** PI <08 

• Do lD-« £1>8' 

Harareaws 230 

Hams iPnept 250 

Hawker SuMWev 519 

Hawley 95 

Hay (Hom an) 160 

Hepwortfi Ceranac 196 

Hasan 156 

Hewn |J| 05 

Huigue t Joo 135 

HsJks Bn** 

NM uova K 

Haeknsons 241 

How den 102 

Huntnq Assoc 280 
Himtcg Group 99 
'. Huntsn wianooa 266 
IMI >64 

Herron 225 

Jacksons Bourne 265 
v Jarame Mam 129 
Jonnson Oeaners 565 
Johnson Mamey 100 
■j Johnson S fB 30 j 
J orraom 337 

Jones A Snmman 126 
Jourdan (THOiNS) 1*0 

Kamnizoo 235 

Kaion an’. 

Keisay mo 3io 

KomdySmeia 1J0 
Kershaw |AJ 273 

KMatv£-5e 200 







W 1 


260 •* 


108 «3 


232 * *3 


407 _ 

529 *7 


495 N-5 


3 *1 

E37 •+ - 


E84 . -I 
E24B ♦ - 
IBS • 



210 0-5 

350 -1 

59 4 



715 -S 


640 -5 

120 -S . 

544 . 

210 +0 

507 -5 

30 S3 I 
253 120'. 
323 218 
75 42 

77 41 

34 16 

113 89 

86 64 

73 53 

35 23 
230 179 

135 99 
77 99'< 

227 ISO 
233 13* 
*80 319 
398 306 
115 64 

50 . 32 
393 25b 
160 121 
79 *3 

288 >85 
125 78 

Hb 495 
79 52 

86 66 
143 65 

8b 65 
173 105 
19* 120 
91 55 

70 v 59 
125 70 

198 163 
JIB 213 
42 20V 

216 158 

41 28 

153 92 
133 66 

65 43 

209 106 
258 203 
448 247 
3*5 223 
9®» 535 
185 170 
603 383 
27 11 

135 88 

674 332 

5 » 

14 775 

403 311 
96 51 

365 196 
323 215 
314 230 
164 95 

131 50 

190 119 
150 123 
589 421 
229 115 
138 SB 
900 606 
245 116 
343 200 
Z ■ IBS' 
173 132 
91 57 

102 06 
518 345 
39 21 

ISO 110 
90 53 

58 19 

152 93 
343 151 
56 30 

150 120 
1*6 120 
3 O' 
IG 116 
130 9b 





Lee (Armuri 




Uo»d IFH} 

Locker (!) 

Lon keraano 

Lon A min 
Lon mi 
Longwi me 
Low A Boner 
ml hogs 
us mi 

IdCfcer iTj 2} 

Lon Mxnano 197 

Do DM 101 

Lon A NW W 

Lon mu <88 

Longum i ma 215 

Low A Boner «0 

ml hogs 388 

us m ’Ob 

MV HpMngs 40 

Macannys Pnarm 370 

M»a»ane 13J 

ueoaaan |PAW) 57 

UcMCnne 2 0 

Uaanoaa 115 

M a n g ier Si»p 665 

Manganese Brorue 6* 
Mmeq » 

UarslkJ iLOkMv) 122 

uarenus Unw re 

ilnril Bo» 173 

Mew Onsured 140 

Uewru ao 

aatcne* Cots 59 

Mechel Semen 112 

Mows 173 

Mor(jan CruelM K3 

Mopseru » 

NM (J) ‘g 

mww mat 36 

Newman Tonhs i« 

None & Lono M3 


Macros 2J3 

omen Eiea Mach 2M 

Parker Knoi a era 

Park Place 330 

Penan JT 9M 

MM 1 ™ 

Pearson 506 

Pook ,i 2 

negw-HaoerPey 619 

Penseno lnd 410 

Pl¥*fr*» £« 

P*mglon *« 

PMSWCOnse 77 

Punas ao 

Pom* Owfflum TO 

PoweB DuHhFi 270 

PrashHCh Hidgs Ip* 

Prtowd Sen 117 

RHP 102 

Radon Meui 1*5 

Han* Oy *M 

Raneome Sans 166 

RaxttlS lG» frOQSl <20 
Raaun A Coanan 80* 

RedMam Grass 198 

Reed Ekocuove 333 

. Reno W 2*0 

Myon 163 

RanoM 70 

Resnnur 90 

Reuter* 505 

flewiwre 33 

Rcarao Ena IM 


R damson West M 

ftoowtson Ret M 

Roonsen I Thomas) 325 

l*J 53 67 
I 10 7 43 106 
96 42 125 

-2 2 7 73 133 

bin 40137 

aZjf 4 3 45 231 

•l 139 45 
.1 161 52 12J 

-V. 90 0* 

0 bo 04 132 
6J 4 9 102 
71 54 

-2 bO 24 115 
r 9 fln 55 140 

-3 143 40 162 

07 16 97B 
-l 21 66 83 

»-3 7.1 5B192 

50 03 174 

-I 79 13 267 

10 16 

B-2 66 5* 7fl 

06 IJ 56 
61 58 134 

-1 10 SB 00 

125 7 I 131 

4 4.1 7.9 

• ■2 04 03 120 

*4 171 52 111 

100 33 04 
*4 50 46 61 

• 21 I 7 110 

4? 3 5 152 

.3 15 7 1 6 257 

*4 12.0 39 155 

• «4 155 50 119 

57 39 1*6 
»2 109 39 115 

• <L5 71130 

■ . 16 3.1 170 

-6 120 60 03 

-I 64 45 107 

• 10 143 74 172 

• 24 09 295 

• -I IB *.9 69 
*1 • 

*1 5TB 33 152 
BOO 4.7 
02 76 
0 64 

• *45 79 3* 100 

• -V. 132 53 120 

207 40 114 

-6 27 29 76 

5 4 3 4 289 

•1 103 52165 

BID 39102 
39 46 75 
a 2 02 

• 57 M«3 

•-4 10.7 4 4 95 

*4 55 54 02 

-6 114 41 06 

• U 01 74 

II 75 40 135 
-4 19 00 41 7 

*10 06 32 26.1 

* ! j 203 52 IS* 

• 36 19 116 

-1 . . • . . 153 

T 'll K*K 

^ 29410.4 'S' 

♦ V 17 5.6210 

119 37 150 
-a ZOO 1.7 207 
214 75235 

• 000 43 133 

05 15 199 
79 02 116 
86 36 95 
360 56 67 
33 49 96 
. 143 

32 30203 
30 47 61 

54 7.9 9.1 

19 03 04 

142 72 110 

74 107 120 
66 35 1SB 

5 7 22 163 

136 32 139 2.9 21 B 
0.7 02 152 

130 3.7 101 

35 29 100 

2.7 «.T 106 

1430 09 104 
40 42 105 

06 13225 

43 07 75 
23 35 80 
52 43 94 

29 4 0 170 

90 65 222 

32 4 0 136 

61 103 60 

55 49 113 
113 65 90 

121 40 141 

(Lie 03 171 
100 81 56 

11 31545 

103 70 123 
10 09 429 

19 30 529 

133 55 110 
111 55 90 

15.0 37 147 
65 29 279 


Aeaev Lee 
Are Gen 

Cun Ureon 

Ecwty A La* 

Gen Asaaem 

Hearn C E 
H=cg Roamscn 
LejaJ A Gen 
London S Man 
Lon LW lm> 

. Marsn A McLKi 

S«J3W«> Go 
Slew an Wr'san 
Srurjr M*ws 
Sun Auonce 
Sun Lrftf 
Trade Menniy 
WOn Fdder 



£ 20 - 

360 *5 

064 -6 


241 -5 

256 -25 

827 -5 

069 -13 

514 -3 

316 -I 

241 -5 


407 r *1 
£42'. • 

256 -7 

323 • *5 


017 -5 

418 -7 

042 -2 


442 -2 

*05 *40 

689 -J 

854 -5 


41* -3 

99 5* 

100 4 0 

080 32 

05 22 267 

*26 49 
169 5 5 

96 40 


00 40 131 

29 30 109 

5 7 63 139 

46 09 382 

1.4 42 130 

4 1 17 163 

43 40 99 


30 30 100 



93 69 93 
93 70 02 

77 62 94 

23 34 24 6 

304 67 202 
273 5* 63 

398 100 A0 -S 

181 iM AKWWWnC j® 

4 M M 

58 » A *» /■**¥ .S 

E* 140 A«»s« Jg 

Sown Eng 
5» nwoed 

Sown A He pn o w 
Scion nrikiwuim 
Screms mo 

Sonar (JWI 
Sons Ponenes 
Slag Fumure 
Sor Comp 

Senna lnd 

S reman & Pre 
SuMgm Senr 

Swre P*oht a 



TSL TlHmal 

T 3t« 

Taken* Cram 



Tev nogs 
Hwa k me 
Thomson T-UW 
TomkjRS (FHI 
TrsfaH)!' HouU 

23e 7* 69 
93 4 0 13 7 

10 20 54.6 
36 *5 1B2 

173 36 113 

4 7 30 12.4 
*3 25 1*0 
39 29 137 
I? 1 « 3Z4 
16 1.5 27 7 

34 32 200 
20 57 12 7 

39 33 62 

139 105 76 
193 21 162 
14 32780 
12.1 53 79 

03 7 7 12 7 

250 54 170 

33 2 7 208 

04 1 1 2*3 

00 2.6 202 
66 43 152 

76 44 129 
57 37 93 

79 73 1O6 


26 0 4 4 129 
IBB 40 14 1 

39 34 272 
17 1 71 5.1 

86 116 77 
• 50 

179 80 129 
60 27 230 

143 02J|1 
108 37 166 

*3 41 54 
106 2.4 206 


40 4.7 102 

61 40 117 

31 20 122 

S2D 17 270 
169 76 68 
96 43 103 
no 401*7 

AE 22* 

« pp»r»g !“ 

Arm st rong 131 

aSG *6 

Biumer Bros 
Sranua iCOt 292 

Br Aerospace *68 

Bi Car Auctions IS 

CaHvm 23 

Cow** iT) J® 

D4.cs iGadbev) <2 



FR Group 307 

Fort Morcr 19f 

Gams iFrank G) ra 

General More. 2« 

Gum**) Uwrenee M 
Group LOWS 129 

Han— fc 

Honda MOW *4f 


Jewuos ’ 5 “ 

AWW-F4 1 “ 

la* rS 

SS?9S m ’g 

PiauonS 1 GEO 59 

Ou«k IHJ1 g 

Newer 38 

Sup's s 

WooOWJd Moras) 63 

74 33 156 

71 55 50 

-7 12 17174 

4 16 35 141 

111 36 100 

*5 236 40 99 

■ 50 4 1 134 

1-2 79 15 

50 27 05 
k 64 60 92 

70 35 1|| 

-? 40 1 5 206 

*6 70 35 

43 57 95 

+4 250 103 


» 38 *1114 

'.13 3B 09 

•8 123 20 106 

81 40 95 

30 28 150 
151 SI 170 
70 47 103 
-3 15 7 39 109 

64 52 112 

• 6* 93 94 

4 1 SO 110 

II 11 53 H3 

«2 14 22 119 


ASSdC Book 
fitaca »AACI 

Cobids |Wm 

Do A 

Kivnas PuPky—9 
Home Coutms 
H Thomson 
NM mren—eml 
Q crnrk* 

ponsmoum Sund 
Trnwi HO 
Ud Newspeoers 

126 85 «W 

3) 9 A«an Energy II 

33 10 Aiarnc Resources 

&9i 516 Br Pmofcium 568 

17 5 BfiSWl O* 1* 

355 323 B> Borneo 336 

no 96 Brno* 101 

419 259 BuHnan 384 

103 *8 Cariess Caper *8 

150 04 Century ’® 

33 10 CnirtBrtuI 25 

152 9* Enterprise 9* 

B? 31 Gerw* Enerov . 30 

4 4 2 7 202 

•2 B0 35 1*6 

• *3 63 20 171 

143 46 171 

•-2 380 59 17| 

111 2*207 

II 1 36 140 

3, 54 4 6 110 

200 56 18B 
100 4? 153 
120 39 

*7 MO 26 M.4 

M 0 1 1 _ 

B JB 19 181 

• - 57 *0210 

.2 214 U 119 

-4 229 6 1 150 

5£0 *5 *06 SB 62 

14 -1 

336 20.6 05 1I9 

ID? -9 93 92 2.7 

^ *3 ’ll 8 < Vo 

,g 71 54 g0 

9* -5 12 1 129 36 

30 *1 

200 170 
192 146 
27* 202 
16' II 
*00 204 
495 432' 
485 «17'. 

818 129 

325 233 
310 S70 
105 155 
320 273 
75' 5* 
348 276 
695 358 
266 1*7 
268 218 
175 151 
353 288 
380 27b 
120 90 
118 105 

58 44 

200 125 
77 SO 
555 173 
10 5iO 
775 364 
10a 8? 
20 18 ' 
130 73 
81 *3 

28? 255 

240 re- 

230 176 
)bb 107 
127 106 
i3' 0' 

660 320 
6*5 313 
297 253 
272 153 
103 78 

183 1*2 
445 260 
173 144 
93 E6 
58 45 
260 198 
148 95 

900 525 
885 675 
610 475 
20 17' 

175 142 

Attaco 87 

AMd Lon 79 

Aoem 93 

Artmaan Secs '73 

BelgrKW 123 

Beam (P) 2W 

BrwPord 5*5 

Bf Land 100 

ttwion 160 

Card (A) AStms 
Cap ACoirtws 
CatOII PrOO 280 

Cwmwoil 173 

CWM « 

GALA 870 

Cboe Manns 150 

Cowan 2M 

C ore— Secs J6* 

Cowrey A New 121 

COUMV B 166 

Cussms 755 

Own «». 

Dew ' 10 

Esunes A Agony 1*5 

assr 1 ” 

Ernes Prop 101 

ErwOUWS 100 

F Mermen Hauena ISO 

F-m Oeks 63 

Fiegmom 3»o 

Gr Ppmana 100 

Greyra 1 2*8. 

mu wood Gp ci3 - 

Hambro Countty*Mde3l0 

HanwnefSOn 450 

- Do A 435 

Ha— Druce 2*8 

mmanger 3ra 


Jrnmyn ™ 

Lamg Prop 300 

Land » we M ore 7 5 1 

Land SocuntBs 323 

Lon A Eon TM «8 

DO 6’ *» 256 

Lon A Pro* Shop 2*5 

Lon Shop Prep 173 

ass % 

MCMemay 100 

McKay Sees 116 

MarMnam 50 

Man n — Moore 200 

Martrero^i 71 

Miner Es 535 

Mourwegn 110 

Mouirnn 720 

Mucktow (AAJ) 103 

’ KTSUmh S’ 

PMuMe 81 

:• Sram-ns IS 

Prop A Re* 22* 

Prop HHgs 1« 

; Prop Secunry 124 

•- Raglan 12' 

1 S ^ an 

I Roufuuren 8K 

I Rusn A Ton— ?70 

I Samuel 2S3 

1 Smrua M 

s izsgr a 

I Stand Secs 165 

l Sroddey 93 

> Town Centre 51 

) TraHoid Park 233 

i UK Land 135 

i Uni Real 8*0 

I Warner J®5 

i warrmro 580 

’• weco MW) 25 

! Was A Courwy 168 

r *1 03b 04 

20 25 167 
-1 20 3.1 135 

• 64 52 132 

• 171 59 MB 

• 154 20 188 

b.l 40 20 140 

+1 61 51 108 



*3 06 

17 1 
25 7 b 



• 27 

•-1 200 

5* 2 43 

• fl 


• 4-1 57 



• ■*2 31 

136 30 779 

13 6 3 1 29 6 

50 20 23.7 

151 50H5 

31 2 7 400 

29 16 819 

100 33 152 
17 23 429 

14 0 40 21 6 
10 7D 16 242 

93 30 
6.7 2.7 21 6 
76 4.4 209 

10.4 30 255 

157 48 21 1 

40 42 201 
31 62 17 0 

36 16 190 

09 1 3 37 0 

4Je 00 534 
143 14 129 

7.1 1 0 n 0 

74 72 150 

173 00 363 

17 1 4 55.1 

23 38 125 

12.1 4 4 360 

64 20380 

42 XD294 

36D 2 9 269 
01 0 B 
57 10 273 

1 1 02 

109 4 0 119 

64 32 41 1 

39 60 22.7 
79 46 173 

138 34 209 

60 36 107 

14 2 7 304 

168 7 2 165 

20 0 2 * 344 

279 32 401 
243 42 20 7 

07 2.7 823 

114 66 96 


assoc B> Pons 261 

Br Common**** 2 56 
Caieocrui 233 

Fisher (James) 72 

Grog b?9 

jeans U 0 72 

kfftey Docks 34 

Ocean Transport 2<9 

P A O DM *85 

Runomen (Waaan iM 
TohOO* , 3M 

Turnoui Scon 375 

71 27 1*4 

71 28 180 
1 7 1 30*09 

4 7 65 131 

1 214 <1 07 

51 7 1 55.0 


9 3 42 101 
*2 220 4 7 139 

♦20 7 1 4 3 260 

S3 1 6 20 1 


360 290 FA 330 *5 

a* is Gamai Boom 156 -1 

45 32 HeaOam 5m *3 

218 168 Urmwn H«<ana 185 

62 68 Newooro A Burton 72 -* 

1 id t 2 Pn»* 196 

1ST 1 1B Strong A ftehar M8 -2 

273 158 SSytt 210 -5 

*5 93 2.8 129 

.1 143 92 90 

0.7 16 

82 44 90 

-4 44 61218 

62 SB 73 
-2 1(4 77 50 

■5 64 29 269 


Afted Tea 
Apans tats 
Boa* (John) 
BMktnan (A) 

Br Monar 
Buhner A Luo* 
Co* an 
Crowowt (41 
Dure MA 
Foster (jonrq 
Gaskae Broacmm 
Hoang Pemecosr 
Ingram IHatoUl 
Jerome |SI 

Mackay (Hugn) 
Pamland A 

Shaw carpets 


Sn— Shaw |R) 
Snout Mey 
Tauured Jersey 

107 39 109 
100 39 156 
59 ' 39 60 
02 ai 110 
00 6 5 06 

71 76213 

5.7 80 

93 30 09 
21 13 131 

09 36133 


5.7 108 71 
50 69 63 

79 00 72 

39 06 193 
43 60 89 

64 40 95 

80 46113 

14 1 4 07 

02 100 159 
60 71 136 

a 66 
69 53 160 

23 55 96 

730 56 5.1 

20all6 119 

04 4.4 110 

39 61 50 
43 36 61 

66 67 67 

86 40 14.7 

67 59 161 

100 34 92 


* Ex dMdend ■ Ex m b Forecast (fivKJend « Marim 

E mm passed l Pileo * suspension g Dmctond and 
axductea ^BeMpownemkPfMMmkfiowBBR 
ast earnings 0 Ex cftier r Ex rtafts • Ex Sab or 
stare spat 1 Tax-free . . No mmemo. dreg. 


Law Report July 29 1986 

Court has power to remedy 
unlawful committal orders 

Unnett f Coles 
Before Lord Justice Lawton. 
Lord Justice Dillon and Lord 
Justice Woolf 
[Judgment given July 22] 
Where a court mack; an 
unlawful order committing a 
contemnor to prison the Court 
of Appeal had jurisdiction to 
substitute a lawful penal order. 

either custodial or pecuniary. 
13(3) of foe- 

was Parliament's intention to 
give a right of appeal in criminal, 
contempt cases and to strike off 
the fetters in civil cases. 

It did so by section 13: “(1) 
... an appeal shall lie under this 
section from any order or 
decision of a court in the 
exercise of jurisdiction to pun- 
ish for contempt of court 
(including criminal con- 

Secuon 13(3) of the Admin- 
istration of Justice Act I960, a 
provision apparently not pre- 
viously considered by the Court 
of Appeal, properly construed, 
gave the court a discretion to 

tempt); . . . 


remedy any irregularities in the 
msdcing of s 

such committal or- 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in reserved judgments when 
quashing an order made by 
Judge O'Donoghue, sitting as a 
High Court judge in Bir- 
mingham, that the defendant, 
Mr John William Coles, be 
committed to prison for con- 
tempt “until further order”. Mr 
Coles served eight days in 
prison before being released on 

Mr James Munby for the 
Official Solicitor: Mr John Laws 
as amicus curiae. 

said that the appeal raised the 
following questions: 

1 Was Judge O'Donoghue’s 
order lawful having regard to the 
provisions of secuon 14 of the 
Coniempt of Court Act 1981 
[committal to be for a fixed 

2 If not, bad the Court of Appeal 
jurisdiction under section 13(3) 
if the Administration of Justice 
Act I960 or under Order 59, rule 
10(3) of the Rules of the 
Supreme Court, to substitute 
such other penal order, whethw 
custodial or pecuniary, as it 
thought just? 

For the Official Solicitor it 
was submitted that as the order 
was unlawful on its face it had to 
be quashed and that the court 
had neither power nor dis- 
cretion to substitute any other 

Mr Laws submitted that the 
court had power to substitute 
such other Older as was jusl 

The defendant's failure to 
produce documents in the 
course of litigation was a civil 
contempt. Doubts had been 
expressed whether secuon 14 of 
the 1981 Act applied to civil 

Oeariy it did: first, because of 
its wide language and second, 
because the County Courts 
(Penalties for Coniempt) Act 
1983 made the 1981 Act ap- 
plicable to contempts in the 
county court 

The second question called 
for consideration of what fed 
Parliament to enact section 13 
of the I960 Act. Before then 
there was no way of appealing 
against a finding of criminal 
contempt, save following a 
conviction on indictment (and 
there had not been one since 

. It had been possible to appeal 
against a civil coniempt finding 
and sentence but there had been 
feners on that right of appeaL It 

The court to which an 
appeal is brought under this 
section may reverse or vary the 
order or decision of the court 
below, and make such other 
order as may be just; . . 

When the case came before 
the Court of Appeal in April it 
was obvious that the order was 
unlawful. There was a long 
history of contumacious default 
by the defendant and the court 
was disposed to consider 
exercising its powers under Or- 
der 59, rule 10(3) of the Rules of 
the Supreme Court by substitut- 
ing for the unlawful order a 
custodial sentence. 

The appeal was then ad- 
journed for further argument. At 
the resumed hearing Mr Munby 
and Mr Laws had done much 
research. The surprising feet 
came to light that on the 
occasions since 1975 when fhe 
Court of Appeal had considered 
its power to remedy irregular- 
ities. it did not seem to have 
considered whether it could do 
so under section 13(3). 

It had adjudged that it had no 
power under the “slip rule*' 
(Order 2a rule ! 1), under the 
rule relating to irregularities, or 
under the general powers of the 
court (Order 59, rule 10(3)). 

Mr Laws, however, submitted 
that the effect of section 13 was 
to give appellate courts jurisdic- 
tion when, as with criminal 
contempts, none had existed 
and to extend jurisdiction when, 
as with civil contempts, it bad 
been fettered. 

Having given jurisdiction, it 

was argued, raruament should 
be taken to have expected 
appellate courts to use it which 
since 1975 at least they bad not 
done when there had been an 
irregularity on the face of the 

In a number of cases the 
Court of Appeal had quashed an 
order where an irregularity, 
however minor, had been re- 
vealed and had refused to make 
a substitute order. 

Doubtless judges had to be 
vigilant concerning the liberty of 
the subject but when they were 
given discretionary powers h 
was not competent for them to 
refuse to exercise them. 

Mr Munby submitted that 
Parliament intended section 13 
to apply in a restricted way 
because any contemnor held in 
custody under a committal or- 
der bad on its free could apply 
for and obtain a writ of habeas 

It followed, he said, that the 
power to vary and make another 
order could only be used in cases 
in which a writ of habeas corpus 
would not issue. 

His Lordship said that to 
decide whether section 13(3) 
should be narrowly construed K 
was thus necessary to consider 

Employer bears all risks 

Scottish Special Housing As- 
sociation v Wimpey Construc- 
tion UK Ltd 

Before Lord Keith of Kinkd, 
Lord Brandon of Oakbrook, 
Lord Brightman. Lord Mackay 
of Gash fern and Lord Ackner 
[Speeches sold July 24] 

• Under the Standard Form of 
Building Contract. Local 
Authorities Edition with 
Quantities. 1963 (July 1977 
revision) the employer bore the 
whole risk of damage by fire, 
including fire caused by the 
contractor's negligence. 

The House of Lords allowed 
an appeal by the contractors. 
Wimpey Construction UK Ltd, 
from the First Division of the 
Inner House of the Court of 
Session (Lord Cameron. Lord 
Grieve and Lord Brand) ((1985) 
31 BLR 23). who held, on a 
special case stated by the parties 
under section 63 of the Court of 
Session Act 1868, that Wimpey 
were liable to the employer, the 
Scottish Special Housing 
Association, for the damage 
resulting from a fire. 

Clause 18(2) of the standard 
form provides: 

“Except for such loss or 
damage as is at the risk of the 
employer under . . . clause 2G(C] 
of these conditions ... the 
contractor shall be liable for. 
and shall indemnify the em- 
ployer against, any expense, 
liability. loss, daim or proceed- 
ings in respect of any injury or 
damage whatsoever to any prop- 
erty real or personal in so for as 
such injury or damage arises out 
of or in the course of or by 
reason of the carrying out of the 
works, and provided always that 
the same is due to any neg- 
ligence. omission or default of 
the contractor, his servants or 
agents or of any sub-contractor 
his servants or agents." 

By clause 20{Cj: “The existing 
structures.. . and the works . . . 
shall be at the sole risk of the 
employer as regards loss or 
damage by fire, lightning, explo- 
sion. storm, tempest, flood, 
bursting or overflowing of water 
tanks, apparatus or pipes, earth- 
quake. aircraft and other aerial 
devices or articles dropped 
therefrom, riot and civil 
commotion — and the em- 
ployer shall maintain adequate 
insurance against those 
risks . . .” 

Mr John Blackburn, QC and 

Mr M. G. Clarke (of the Scottish 
Bar) for Wimpey; Mr John 
Murray, QC. and Mr J G Reid 
(both of the Scottish Bar) for the 

to do so 

LORD KEITH said that the 
contract between the parties, 
incorporating the standard form 
with Scottish Supplement July 
1 977. had provided for works of 
modernization to 128 houses in 
Edinburgh owned by the associ- 

In the course of carrying out 
the works one of the bouses had 
been damaged by fire, assumed 
for the purposes of the special 
case to have been caused by 
Wimpey 's negligence. 

No differentiation was made 
in clause 20[C] of the standard 
form between fire due to the 
contractor's negligence and that 
due to other causes. The remain- 
der of the catalogue of perils 
included some that could not 
possibly be caused by the 
contractor's negligence, such as 
storm, tempest and earthquake, 
but others that might be. such as 
explosion, flood and the burst- 
ing or overflowing of water 

There was imposed on the 
employer an obligation to insure 
against loss or damage by all 
those perils, in quite general 
terms. His Lordship had found 
it impossible to resist the 
conclusion that it was intended 
that the employer should bear 
the whole risk of damage by fire, 
including fire caused by the 
negligence of the contractor or 

The exception introduced by 
the opening words of clause 
18(2) must have the effect that 
certain damage caused by foe 

contractor's or sub-contractors' 
negligence, for which in the 
absence of those words the 
contractor would be liable, was 
not to result in liability on bis 

The nature of such damage 
was to be found in dause 20[C], 
which referred in general terms 

Lordship's view, 

A similar conclusion had been 
arrived at by the Coun of 
Appeal in England in James 
Archdale & Co Ltd v 
Comservices Ltd ([ 1 954] i WLR 
459), on the construction of 
similarly but not identically 
worded corresponding clauses 
in a predecessor of the standard 
form. That case had been cor- 
rectly decided and was indistin- 
guishable from the present. 

The judges of the First Di- 
vision had been much im- 
pressed by what Lord Cameron 
bad described as a bizarre 
consequence of the construction 
contended for fry Wimpey. 
namely that ic would result in 
their bang remunerated, assum- 
ing that the contract was not 
terminated under clause 
20[C](b). for putting right dam- 
age caused by their own neg- 


result, however, did not 
appear bizarre when it was kept 
in view that the association 
would have received policy 
moneys under the insurance 
that clause 20[C] required them 
to effect In substance, the 
question came to be one as to 
which party had the obligation 
to insure against damage to 
existing structures due to fire 
caused by the negligence of 
contractors or sub-contractors. 

His Lordship would allow the 

Lord Brandon. Lord 
Brighunan. Lord Mackay and 
Lord Ackner agreed. 

Solicitors: Bra by & Waller for 
Campbell Smith & Co. WS, 
Edinburgh; Sherwood & Co for 
A. C. Bennett & Fair-weather, 
WS, Edinburgh. 

Edited by Matthew May 


The hi-tech 

the ambit of habeas corpus. It 
wasa writ of right: probably the 
most cherished sacred cow in 
the British Constitution. The 
law. however, had never al- 
lowed it to graze in all legal 

The proceedings of criminal 
courts seemed to have forbidden 
IL Of the many cited cases when 
error was revealed on thefece of 
the record, only one related to 
criminal detention. That was 
the curious case of Daisy Hop- 
kins ((1891) 8 TLR 151) who 
had been convicted in the Vice- 
Chancellor's Coun of Cam- 
bridge University of "walking 
with a member of the 
university” and committed to 
the spinning house for 14 days. 

Since 1915, cases had oc- 
curred. his Lordship said, when 
the endorsement of the convic- 
tion or sentence on an indict- 
ment had been wrong but no 
writs of habeas corpus were 
recorded as having been issued. 

It was pertinent to remember 
that civil contempt was a com- 
mon-law misdemeanour triable 
on indicnnent(aeveraowdone) 
or summarily. Having regard to 
what seemed always to have 
been a limitation on the issue of 
the habeas corpus writ in crim- 
inal cases, it seemed, save in 
exceptional cases, an inappro- 
priate remedy for appealing 
against committal orders. Had it 
been. Parliament would not 
have enacted section 13(3). 

Did the justice of the instant 
case require the order of 
imprisonment to be quashed 
without substituting any other 
order? Consideration of that 
question enabled the court to 
indicate, as the Official Solicitor 
had suggested, in what circum- 
stances the power to make a 
substitute order should be ex- 

Anyone accused of contempt 
was on trial for that 
misdemeanour and was entitled 
to a fair trial. If he did not get 
one because of the judge's 
behaviour or because of ma- 
terial irregularities in the 
proceedings, then there had 
been a mistrial which was no 
trial at all. 

An unlawful sentence could 
not stand and had to be 
quashed. It depended on the 
foots of each case whether justice 
required a new one to be 

If there had been no unfair- 
ness or no material irregularity 
and nothing more than an 
irregularity in drawing up the 
committal order, there was no 
reason why the irregularity 
should not be put right and the 
sentence varied, if necessary, so 
as to make it a just one. 

A just sentence cmild be a 
longer one. But the Court of 
Appeal should hesitate long 
before exercising its power to 
increase sentences, as did the 
crown court when hearing ap- 
peals against sentences by mag- 
istrates. On the feels of tire 
present case the sentence should 
now be quashed. 

Lord Justice Dillon and Lord 
Justice Woolf delivered concur- 
ring judgments. 

Solicitors: Official Solicitor 
Treasury Solicitor. 

sales pitch 
opens doors 

By Mark Needham 
Today's life assurance sales- 
man is more likely to arrive on 
your doorstep carrying a mi- 
cro in his hand rather than 
bicycle dips. 

The derisions individuals 
have to make in {raying unit 
trusts, pensions and life assur- 
ance are more complicated 
than ever and computer pro- 
grams to compare different 
forms of investment are part 
of the armoury of those who 
seek to advise the public on 
these subjects. 

The software for these com- 
puters consists of financial 
planning programs — such as 
programs to compare the rela- 
tive attractiveness of endow- 
ment and repayment 
mortgages, or to calculate the 
maximum pension contribu- 
tions allowed by the Inland 

But the usefulness of such 
programs for the customer is 
often limited as many are 
linked only to the products of 

works designed for this 


Several of the life assurance 

companies that sell directly to 
— "signed tneir 

the public have desiL 
own programs for use on 
portable computers. 

Some have found that cus- 
tomers prefer to divulge their 
secrets to a computer than to a 
salesman. Save & Prosper, for 
example, has written a pro- 
gram to run on a portable 
computer which calculates in- 
heritance tax liabilities. 

The program needs to know 
the value of all the assets 
owned. Many sales staff report 
that clients prefer to run this 
program themselves in a posi- 

51V 1 

Bui will this use of comput- businesses. 

Divulging secrets 
to a computer 

one company. 

if the tables associ- 

Tbesize of 
ated with life assurance and 
pension contracts usually 
make it impossible for a 
microcomputer to store de- 
tailed data from more than 
one life company. But for 
comparative quotations, bro- 
kers can also plug into net- 

tion which ensures that no one 
else can see the amounts being 

Allied Dunbar advises its 
sales force that “we confident- 
ly predict that within a few 
years, using computers to sell 
products in the broader finan- 
cial services arena will be as 
commonplace — and every bit 
as natural — as using rate 
books was in the past Com- 
puters were designed to solve 
exactly the kind of number- 
crunching problems that now 

ers benefit foe salesman more 
than the public? 

Both Save & Prosper and 
Allied Dunbar note that cus- 
tomers tend to believe a figure 
produced by a computer much 
more readily than a figure 
suggested by a salesman. Most 
people see a computer, usually 
quite wrongly, as an objective 
influence on a sales interview, 
rather than one which has 
been prograronied to a certain 

Salesmen, naturally, buy 
computers to help increase the 
number of interviews convert- 
ed to rales and the size of sales 

Kenneth Lowes from Lowes 
Financial Management New- 
castle upon Tyne and Michael 
Harris from Michael Harris 
and Company. Welwyn, Herts 
are two independent invest- 
ment advisers from opposite 
ends of the country who have 

Both think that computers 
can help their customers make 
better investments, but both 
agree that the results given are 
only as good as the software 
which calculates them. . 4 

Michael Harris uses pro- 

Eqnations are 
long and messy 

grams he has designed himself 
to deal with the inland Reve- 

nue rules for director’s pen- 
sion contributions and to 

contributions an 
calculate the amounts needed 
to fond future school fees. 

A portable computer J 1151 lo ravcr ^ cat 

.era. These are used in-house 
and sold to other brokers . 
through a subsidiary. Htrsays 
that these progrants have en- 
abled his company toimpiove 
.the quality .of- die advice it 
gives clients.; 

But te bas.soiw vfords of 

warning. “Just hecausea com* 
puter sayssbme thing does noj-v 
nec essar ily mean it is tn«5.” . 
He quotes several examplfis m h 
which: insurance companies* 
and competing software -prqv 
ducers got their sums wrongs - 

. Mr Lowes claims that -some "• 
software is just a. gimmick to 
sell more insurance,- saying^ 
that some prpgams seem 
prove that the average family*; 
needs ‘several thousands 

i a.:* r „ 



a pen 

plan in the course of discus- 
sions with his dienL /_ 
Kenneth Lowes' company 
has produced a series of 
programs for desktop compuf- 

• “The software; : which- in - 
going to succeedVin the ^lbhg^ 
run is that which jpves-16£ : . 
right advice for the client not ' ... 
the - right advice, for the " 
salesman,” he rays. . ‘ ‘ : 



Getting everything on video 

■ Few people who regularly record 
television programmes can have avoided the 
problem of late running where the video 
stops at the set time and infuriatingly cuts off 
the final few minutes. Help is on the way 
with a special computer chip which makes 
video recorders intelligent enough to work 
out that a programme is running late and 
automatically reset its own recording time, ft 
works by monitoring one of the lines used in 
television transmissions that are not 
displayed - like those used for the teletext 
services Ceefax and Oracle. 

Earlier this month Plessay signed a contract 
with Akai to supply the chip which will initially 
be used for video recorders for the West 
German market where the broadcasting 
authorities have started to transmit the 
necessary information over the teletext 
network. Other European countries are 
testing the system. 

Most powerful system 

■ Scientists working for the American 
government private industry and universities 
now have access to what is being billed as 
the world's most powerful computer system. 
The £80 milBon system, which can handle 
250 million instructions a second, went on line 
last week at NASA's Ames Research 
Center. The system is based on the Cray-2, a 
futuristio-tooking, liquid-cooled computer 
with a 256 million word memory, the largest yet 
available. Most of the research projects 
focus on aerodynamics and hypersonic flight 
research. But within a year the centre wants 

to replace the Cray-2 with a computer four 
times as powerful - one capable of 
performing one billion computations a second. 

cheap IBM-compatible micros that stow 
every sign of eventually moving into homes as 
prices fall. Unless Acorn wakes up to 
current micro prices it could well find even the 
education market going the same way. 

EEC cut research funds 

■ The European Commission decided last 
Thursday to reduce by 2.6 billion ECUs (about 
Cl .7 billion) the EEC technological research 
and development funds proposed for 1967-91 . 
The EEC executive body revised proposed 
funds for the community's researchprogramme 
down from 10.35 billion ECUs to 7.735 
billion ECUs. The European commissioner for 
industry and research and development, 
Kari-Heinz Narjes, said the decision was made 
because of the EEC's current budget 
problems. The cuts would be made mainly in 
the field of innovation rather than 
he added. 

Tm not asking for the earth Miss Cnthbert 
— all I want is a piece of paper’ 


US-French accord 

■ The French industry ministry has 
described as “excellent" joint American and 
French plans to create the world's second 

largest telecommunications firm, but said It was 
still con 

BT’s £1.29 recipe 

■ British Telecom continues to be 
remarkably coy about the price of its recorded 
services using the 0898 prefix. Radio 
advertisements have referred to the calls being 
charged at Republic of Ireland rates, while a 
current promotion for recorded recipes and 
horoscopes only refers to cans being 
charged at ‘m* rate. Can British Telecom 
perhaps be reluctant to admit that a throe- 
minute call to its recorded recipe service, which 
used to be available for the price of a local 
call, now costs El .29 at peak times and 69p off 

r considering the financial details. The 
state-owned Compagnie Generate d'Bectricite 

state-owned Compagnie Generate d He 
(CGE) and the US ITT announced at the 
beginning of July they had agreed to toil 


telecommunications businesses, but the 
agreement needs government approval. 

The joint venture will create a 
telecommunications manufacturer second only 
to the US American Telephone and 

Telegraph (ATT) wifo annual sale s of more than 

£6 billion and including all of ITTs 
telecommunications operations around foe 
world. It will deal in both public and private 
telecommunications as well as microcomputer 

Baby BBC’s adult price 

■ There Is something of a bemused air in 
the microcomputer industry at rumours that 
Acom is preparing a cutdown version of the 
Master computer nicknamed foe Baby BBC. 
Suprise is not so much at the idea but at the 
high price, claimed to be more than £500. At a ' 
time when ful^scale IBM-compatible 
computers can cost less than £500, tf Acom 
does charge so much for an economy 
version of rts computer mass sales cannot be 

Acom has yet to follow foe current industry 
fashion tor making everything IBM-compatible 
- the Master series can offer partial 
compatiblity but only at a hefty price and it still 
believes that its established place in the 
education market can win against the flood of 

Jobs for the boys 

■ Wang Laboratories heir-apparent Fred 
Wang is a top candidate to take over the family 
business, but it is not a foregone 
conclusion, says his father An Wang. Although 
Wang Labs is a public company An Wang, 
now 66. and his family own 40 per cent of foe 
company's total outstanding shares and 
have complete voting control over the' business. 

“All other things being equal, my children 
activated than a 

should be more highly motive 
professional manager because of their 
substantial stake in the ownership of the 
company," he writes in a forthcoming 
autobiography. Lessons. The autobiography is 
an account of his childhood in China, his 
emigration to foe United States and the start 
and success of his one-man electronics 
consulting firm in Boston. 

Why the new age is 
late in dawning 


By Peter Behr 
You have to feel sorry for 
computers. They are having a 
hard time living up to peoples' 
expectations. Computers have' 
been counted on to rescue 
failing manufacturing indus- 
tries through a new burst of 

lit the paperless factory of: 
the future, it is argued, engi- 
neers at computer terminals 
will design new products and 
transmit dimensions directly 
to robot-controlled machines. 
Other computers will reject 
faulty products, manage in- 
ventories. fill orders and bill 
customers electronically. - 
- In the service economy it is 
raid computers .will usher in a 
new age of information, creat- 
ing electronic pipelines - to 
carry data, voices and pictures 
simultaneously between 
homes and libraries, stores, 
businesses arid doctors' 

Ail this remains on the 
cards, but it is approaching at* 
a slower, more uneven pace 
than enthusiasts for technol- 
ogy promised, expected or 
hoped. The computer indus- 
try, no longer the exception, is 
facing the problems of overca- 
pacity, shrinking profit mar- 
gins and hypercompetition 
that dog older industries such 
as steel. 

Even IBM, the industry 
leader, is having trouble mov- 
ing computers. Researchers 
arc looking anew at the com- 
puter revolution, asking some 
sobering questions. 

Has the promise of the 
technology been oversold? Is 
the information computers 
assemble expanding too rapid- 
ly for human operators to 
absorb? Do investments in 
technology really justify the 

Some answers come from a 
-detailed case study about the 
automation of the US metal- 
working industry in a book by 
sociologist Donald Hicks, 
published by the American 
Enterprise Institute. 

The automation of the met- 
alworking industry has been 
surprisingly slow, Mr Hicks 
reports. He quotes estimates 
that less than 4 per cent Of 
metal-cutting and metal-form- 
ing machine tools in the US 
were computer-controlled as 
recently as 1983. 

This is true even though 

computer-controlled machine, 
tools are considerably more, 
reliable and r efficient foam 
those run. by ■ human 
operators.. . • . J: 

. But he argues that these, 
companies have good reasons =■ 
for. -not rushing' to : buy: foe 
newest technology- “It is not 
enough that technology, offers 
a better , way of doing 
something.” The le&inolqgy 
must also fit -foe peculiar 
requirements of the actual 
production- arrangements 
wiibm foe workplace, he 

Another researcher. Martin 
Baily. wams thai those calcu- 
lations^ are harder to make 
what technology is brought 
into tire vfofte-cdllar senacq 
Sector. Mr Baily, a -serifof 
follow at Brookings Institu- 
tion. recalls his visit to a large 
company that has computer* 
ized its. shipping operations. ,. 

“Instead of clerks; filling in 
foe bills by hand and filing' 
them in a laige cabinet, every- 
thing is now computerized.^ 
he says in an article published 
by Bell Atlantic. The result 
was a huge increase in the : 
information readily available 
to company planners. inclwT 
mg volumes of detail about 
geographic and seasonal drip- 
ping patterns. 

“What is this information 
worth to foe company? They ; 
do not know,” he concludes. - 
They can't tell whether foe > 
value of these data exceeds foe 
cost of collecting and process- 
ing ihem. . 

Throughout foe white-collar 
world, foe cost of processing 
information is declining dn£- - 
matically and the amoiriit- df 
information foal can be as- _• 
sembled on a computer screen 
is growing just as fast. :> 

The bottleneck is .under- 
standing how to use this 
outpouring of information. 
There is an inevitability abotit • 
foe increasing power of com- 
puters to process information. 

In 1970 foe mainframe' tom-' - 
puters capable of makings 
million calculations asecorid 
cost £1 million each and filled 
several hundred square feet of: 
office space. - 

Six years ago a computer 
same power cost 
£30.000 and could sitVon aL 

desL^By foe year 2000 it will 
cost £20 and. Will .fit inside a. . 
briefcase, scientists predict. 

I ■ ■ 


2::-v !5 £ [o 




2r *\hl pro; 

^ 9^cd p 

pf. er;e "« 

- pc S Wj 

Tfc, po^ 




Costs warning 
on appeals 

Pioneers of 3-D images 

In re G (a minor) 

In future, where 


to damage by fire to the existing which were unarguable in the 
structures. No sensible content jiglu of foe .principles L laid down 

could be found for the words of 
exception in clause 18(2) if they 
were not read as referring to 
damage of the nature described 

in dause 2QJCJ- 

Counse) for foe association 
had striven valiantly to indicate 
some such alternative content 
but had been unable, in his 

Crown court practice 

Practice Direction (Crime: 
Crown Court Business) 

Lord Lane. Lord Chief Jus- 
tice. silting wifo Mr Justice 
Nolan and Mr Justice Mac- 
phereon in the Queen's Bench 
Divisional Court on July 28 said 
that with the concurrence of 
Lord Hailsham. Lord Chan- 
cellor. and pursuant to section 
75(2) of the Supreme Court Act 
1981. he directed that foe direc- 
tions on the distribution of 
crown court business (Practice 
Direction (Crime: Crown Court 

1971. was amended by inserting 
in paragraph 13 after the words 
“any other proceedings" the 
words “apart from cases listed 
for plea of not guilty”. The 
amendment was to take effect 
from October 1. 

Paragraph 13 as published in 
1971 read: “In addition to . . . 
(appeals and proceedings on 
committals for sentence) any 
other proceedings which ... are 
listed for hearing by a circuit 
judge or recorder are suitable for 
allocation to a court comprising 
justices of the peace." 
{“Com prise” means “include” 
in this context.] 

inCrff ((1985] I WLR 647) 
were brought by legally aided 
parties, the Court of Appeal 
might well have to consider 
whether appropriate costs or- 
ders ought to be made to ensure 
that public money was not 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice May and Lord Justice 
Nourse) so stated on July 14. 
dismissing an appeal by the 
mother of a ward from an order 
of Mr Justice Latey who on June 
9 had granted interim care and 
control of the ward to the local 
authority. Hounslow London 
Borough Council- Both parents, 
who were legally aided, and foe 
local authority were represented 
in the Court of Appeal. 


In R r Spencer and Others. R v 
Smails and Others (The Times 
July 26) leading counsel for foe 
appellants was Mr Simon 
Hawkcsworth. QC and not Mr 
Wilfred Steer. QC who appeared 

By Rob Stein 
[ The first truly three-dimen- 
sional image to be generated 
by a computer has been 
j demonstrated by scientists at 
the Massachusetts Institute of 
Techology which they hope 
will have wide applications in 
design, architecture and 

Using lasers, computers and 
special holographic film, foe 
researchers generated a three- 
dimensional image of an auto- 
mobile that appeared to be 
floating free in space. 

“When you have a two- 
dimensional image on a com- 
puter screen you can rotate it 
to give a three-dimensional 
perspective but you can never 
really see it as a solid,” said 
Stephen Benton, the research- 
er who headed the team that 
developed the new technol- 
ogy. “Using our system, foe 
image is completely projected 
into space, suspended, floating 
in front of foe observer. You 
get a reai sense of what it's 
going to took like.” 

For the demonstration foe 
researchers produced a three- 
dimensional. solid looking 
image of a Chevrolet, nine 
inches tong and four inches 

high, floating in space. The 
viewer could not get behind 
the image, but the display 
provided a 180-degree view- 
ing field that allowed the 
object to be seen from the 
front and sides. 

Within 10 years the new 
technology should be avail- 
able for a wide variety of 
applications. Mr Benton be- 
lieves. Car designers could 
eliminate the need for carving 
clay models of proposed de- 
signs. Architects should be 
able to show buildings in three 
dimensions instead of on the 
drawing board. Surgeons 
should be able to examine 
images of foe body before 

The new technology was 
developed at the institute's 
Media Laboratory as part of a 
foree-year £300.000 project 
funded primarily by General 

The image is created by 
using a computer to develop at 
least 960 views of foe subjecL 
Each view is recorded on 
35mm film and then burned 
into special holographic film 
using lasers. Next, the film is 
formed into a cylindrical 

When a laser is sent through 
foe film from behind, foe 
images are projected about 
four feet out in front of foe 
film to form foe free-standing 
representation. “You can walk 
up and put your hand through 
it.” said Tim Browne, assis- 
tant director of the Meffia 

The researchers hope to 
improve the technology to 
produce full-colour images. 
Now foe images are only 
green. In addition, they hope 
to produce larger images — up 
to 3*/z feet long— and make the 
system faster. 

“We wapl to be able to see it 
on a computer one day and as ■ 
a walk-around hologram of an 
image hanging in space foe 
next day.” said Mr Benton, an 
assistant professor of media 
technology. “Holographic 
technology is about where 
photography was in foe 1860sl 
What we're trying to do is 
prove that something can be 
done and then find foe best 
way to do iL” he said. - 

“Perhaps some day these 
images will come out of laser- 
age copying machines- for a 
few dollars each.” 

New PC XF/S/FD, 20mb,£2150 T 

New high capacity XT/S/FD has 640k ram, half 7 

{right 360k floppy disk drive and an IBM 20inb 
hard disk. Enhanced keyboard, monochrome 
display, mono/printer adaptor, manna), and 
basic complete the system. We have a limited 
stock of tbeXT/FD, complete, £1650. IB^ AT/E 
20mb, complete, £2850. Now m stock AT/X & Proprintar XL. 

WORSE COMPUTERS ?8 tgwggagg 

- fcryourconSiutd'ioflia 








Compaq: an executive tddj 

At last! The Compact Porta KI p TT u ii ■ - - ' ' • ' ' 




Compaq Portable Dt is the 
ter we’ve seen that’s quiet, 
sleek enough to go on your 
own desk, yet with the power (640k, 20mb) 

. & speed (8mhz) of an “ATT, Thewsm h- 
after four years as a PC user fve finally ** 'bnSs&MiJS 
my ewndesk. (Signed)J r BritieM«2S^&SS^ 


,x ! * >o re SSS 
ifci£ 22jJ«*v. jj*®* 

. P^ocian,: J* sah 

•^. UMhe *5? 

•ni ? 'M 3s s °mt wqm, 


*:i* raea n if® 0 ?** 
.^■ss se\er>i I ^ ^ 

" '=-fi < SS*i 

' ^Panics 



* ShK Sif 4 *^ 
1 *'«« wriS 1 ** 

«ih: 3d ;« , ; enifl « 

^”re4 for * 



... —cr-iOTjroiied mac j ffl 

"' c ^dsiablv nup 
“7" « t k«di iha, 

*' n ? V hnmn 

•'• -• :r>. 

itJ - "••* **=.■$ dm ibs 
good reas* 
r -'- r -S"!t: io bm At 
*•'■■ liisw 

‘:5: -^Tdc© ofin 

< .:' >‘i\ of (jgij 

T Py itdmoter 

•■•• «• :.< *& psria 
; of ;h: ssal 

■ jrrinaeiMnis 
'■>: -:’\p!ace. k 

• - : .-«.- r.s;:r;rir. Maui 
•ors irti'-tacdih 
: ” .;:■. r ;r:.T * sak 
!■.'•• "“T'"' 'S* • SiXfBi 

■ :•.• .. r . jsw 

Mr ; ran 
„• ?-:-ok'“sls» 

•- -:* vsfl pita 

• . %- r?-:oMss» 

.' f — n> iHTi* ■ 

.. « ." -yivAik 

,. jr:;-^v.Jif'3v 

k- k..".:-: Tsed 
- - • $r:& n te 

■ v ;;.|i:idd 
..... - . odd 


• .regnal sw 

. ", -t * jr’onMB'i 


.•; . ..i; o 

- . ; ^OfTOCfi' 

r r :' ”7'7: 

., j-;|iBing s* 

: " ".1 .’ jpwu® 1 * 

■- - ' V-k-n hf5 

7 V . "I'/'irpcSf** 

• - \v7r*> * *% 

•'- ..•* at * 

. ■■ \- 7. 

■■ ‘ • "i 7.«. 

: ." ~ .*:r of 


-• :r. jpiUH 1 

■■■-;:• -srJ* 

■ .; : 

•• .••:■ c .: :j Si 

- * ' V. ill!*' 

' a. Vjtfrf 1 

,' :_■■ •••• ::.o 


■’(hub. 4 




A cash battle in the post 

Desk^mUisliln| at the Commonwealth Games: students 
fi-om^Eambnrgh s Najner College, shown with lecturer Ron 
west,, are. ysing personal computers to produce a daily 
-- newsletter 

Quite by accident, the Post Office has 
found itself in the political limelight in 
the last 1 0 days. A debate about iis niture 
structure, the money it will need for a 
£260 million computer project and its 
relationship with the Treasury raised the 
political temperature substantially bst 

The firet round was fired by Sir Ron 
Dealing. Post Office chairman, who has 
been fighting an intransigent govern- 
ment on the financing of the corporation 

Desktop printing 
Wins IBM’s OK 

By Geof Wheelwright 
The stamp of IBM respectabil- 
ity was given to the new-born 
desktop-publishing business 
this month as Big Blue an- 
nounced its plans to pursue 
the increasingly popular off- 
shoot of the microcomputer 

As almost any monthly 
computer publication these 
days— including a new Ameri- 
can magazine devoted exclu- 
sively to the subject - will tell 
you.- desktop publishing is 
generally understood to be the 
business of producing typeset- 
quality documents using a 
personal computer, a publish- 
ing program and a special laser 
printer that works much like a 

Market leader in the field is 
Apple.- from which IBM stole 
the ~ small-business personal 
computer market But IBM 
will have to move fast to catch 
h and the other companies 
that have imitated Apple in 
producing desktop-publishing 
software for IBM’s own PC 
and. AT computers and a 
whole host of compatible 

The problem lies in the 
speed and power of IBM’s 
computers and the lack of a 
standard type of laser printer 
wiih~which they can be used. 
Apple recognized this problem 
two years ago and provided a 
solution by developing its own 
laser, primer, dubbed the 
LaserWriter, with which all 
Apple's desktop-publishing 
software is specifically de- 
signed to. work. 

'■ The Apple desktop-publish- 
ing system is easy enough io 
use and non-typesetters can 
pfoditire text in columns, pro- 
duce headlines and even size 

images that are scanned into- 
the computer to produce’ 
newsletters and business re- 
ports. One such system is 
being used this week at the 
Commonwealth Games to 
produce an on-site newsletter. 1 

But even Apple knows that 
it is not wise to underestimate 
the power of IBM, as it 
perhaps learnt to its cost when 
IBM completely dominated 
the PC business within 18 
months of entering it. 

IBM already has the benefit 
of an army of independent 
software developers and man- 
ufacturers which have been 
working on theirown methods 
of bringing desktop publishing 
to IBM's PC, without IBM 
even having to lift a finger. 

Later this year, it is expected 
that Pagemaker, the most 
popular desktop-publishing 
software for the Apple Macin- 
tosh computer, wilt be re- 
leased by Aldus, a US software 
publisher, for IBM and the 
compatibles. It is expected to 
use the same computer lan- 
guage so that Apple's own 
LaserWriter can be used with 
an IBM PC. 

This is not to forget, howev- 
er. that IBM has its own huge 
research and development 
budget, by itself larger than the 
annual turnover of most me- 
dium-size computer compa- 
nies. and could well come up 
with dedicated desktop-pub- 
lishing hardware and software 
by itself. 

Whatever IBM does, the 
very feet of its interest in the 
market is likely to spur the rest 
of the industry to action - at 
least that part of it that is not 
waiting around to see what 
IBM does and then imitate it. 

been fighting an intransigent govern- 
ment on the financing of the corporation 
almost since his appointment five years 
ago. By the end of the week the Post Of- 
fice consumer watchdog, the Post Office 
Users National Council (POUNC). had 
joined the fray. 

The Government, the council claimed, 
must find a way to fund the Post Office 
without its being burdened by the 
financial constraints imposed by the 

At the heart of the political debate, and 
one which puis the multi-million pound 
computer contract in doubt unless the 
corporation raises prices and funds its 
expansion directly from the pockets of 
consumers, arc the monies which must 
be paid to the Treasury each year. Last 
year that figure was £70 million and this 
year £93 million. 

Without that figure being lowered 
substantially, the corporation will have 
little option but to slow down its 
computerization programme or cause 
itself even more grief by raising prices. 

Sir Ron opened the week by disclosing 
that he was preparing to do battle with 
government in the autumn over the 
issue. The corporation is committed to 
automating some of its counters with 
intelligent computerized terminals, ca- 
pable of offering more services than now, 
within five years. 

The Government has already agreed 
that the first phase of the computeriza- 
tion project — 250 terminals in the 
Thames Valley — should get under way. 
The Post Office will need £60 million io 
equip 2.000 of its prime crown offices. 
But the source of that sum is in grave 

The POUNC report concluded: “The 
Post Office has a continuing need to 
invest in more efficient equipment, 
automation of counter services, general 
improvement to post offices and other 
areas: but the programme of investment 
is expected to drop progressively and 
steeply from £148 million in 1984-85 to 
£98 million in 1986-87 and only £68 
million in 1988-89. 


By Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

While the programme of counter 
automation was approved by govern- 
ment early in 1986-87. the implications 
for its funding had not been settled.” 

Another computer network, cosLing 
£200 million, is to be installed in parallel 
to the counter project but again there 
appears to be doubt about funding. Paul 
Channon. trade and industry secretary, 
made it clear last week that it would not 
be the Government. 

On the same day that Sir Ron declared 
his intention to do battle over the 
corporation's finances, Mr Channon 
suggested in a letter to the Post Office 
chairman that he sought ways of 
introducing private funding into the 

What precisely Mr Channon meant 
was unclear. Post Office management 
claimed that privatization was out of the 
question. Joint ventures or partnerships 
would be the order of the day, enabling 
the corporation to exploit its opportuni- 
ties more fully. 

In the wake of the Channon statement 
speculation revolved around Counters, 
the network of 2.000 electronic crown 
post offices. They represent only about 
10 per cent of the Post Office network 
but they will ensure a dramatic change in 
the corporation's image. 

A high street network of electronically 
equipped post offices will allow each of 
those branches to be linked to any other 
host computer hundreds, if not thou- 
sands. of miles away. Information, 
banking and financial services, theatre 
and travel bookings and many other 
services will be at the finger tips of the 
counter staff and their customers. 

Each week about 20 million customers 
visit the 2 1 .000 post offices in the United 
Kingdom, which represent the biggest 
high street retailing chain in the country. 
By the autumn Counters will be a 
separate subsidiary of the corporation 
and will be in a position to ailracl , 
finance in its own right. j 

Last year Counters business comribui- : 
cd £26.4 million to Post Office profits of 
£136.8 million. 

It is expected that partnerships with 
private finance, attracted to a felly 
computerized high street Post Office 
chain, will substantially boost that profit 

Another source di funding for the Post 
Office must be found to free it ffom the 
political purse-strings of government A 
desire to ensure that the Post Office 
realizes its full commercial potential will 
dictate that 

A less painful 

Exploding an unpatriotic myth 

By Ann Kent computer was not functioning- 

Agrowing number of hospital was only I per cent 
doctors and general practiiio- Earlier research had dis- 
ners are using computers to closed, that qualified doctors, 
tell them what is wrong with * n training grades performed 
their patients. At least 20 particularly badly when at- 
Briiish hospitals are already tempting to diagnose a bdo mi- 
using computers to diagnose na * pa> n - Even more worrying 
acme abdominal pain, was the fact that they failed to 
gynaecological problems and improve even after six months, 
severe chest pains and to help working under the guidance of 
distinguish between chronic consultant surgeons, 
indigestion and a stomach However, when using corn- 
ulcer. pulers, the young doctors 

Computer-aided diagnosis fou nd their diagnostic skills 
is likely to become more improved by an average of 20 ■ 
commonplace after a DHSS- P° r cent and their accuracy 
funded research project in- matched that of their consul- 
volving 17.000 patients that tam bosses, 
claims machines are superior Even when they were no 
to doctors in establishing the longer using the machines, the 
causes of severe abdominal young doctors continued to . 
pain. Until recently the medi- show an improvement be-; 
cal profession has been slow to cause the computer had taught 
catch on to the clinical appli- them to ask the right 
cations of computing. questions. 

Many doctors believe that Th e authors of the final . 
computers will work only in report on the experiment, ■ 
the hands of enthusiasts. And Computer Aided Diagnosis of 
there arc fears that only a Acute Abdominal Pain, con-: 
future range of computers — eluded that a major effort was ' 

needed to explore the use of 

computers for clinical as well 

Inexperience caused as administrative purposes 
hardware problems within the nhs. 

aiu Potential savings, n is ar- 

, , " _ “ gued. would be millions of ■ 

the so-called fifth generation pounds and thousands of pa- 
using advanced computer lan- tiems could be saved from 
guages — will be able to handle unnecessary operations. Doc- 
the complexities of medical tors could bene fit educational- : 
diagnosis. |y. Their findings have the ’ 

Professor Richard Lifford, support of the Royal College 
an obstetrician who has made 0 f Surgeons, which has now " 
a special study of the uses of as kcd the DHSS to pursue the 
computers m medicine, says matter. 

In its short history the micro- in the United States, says his 
computer business has built company has not invested in 
up a wealth of myths and any new microcomputer en- 
iegends. Gcof Wheelwright terprise since 1984. 
writes. One of the strongest is Coming from the man who 
that British manufacturers in fronted the money to start 
computing and associated ar- industry giants such as 
eas have a much harder time Compaq and Lotus, his 
in raising finance for new change of heart is interesting, 
ventures because UK inves- “We are looking at comput- 
tors are less keen on the er-relatcd areas and scientific 

development and have started 

Chance of heart investing in biotechnology - 
• • which is sianing to yield 

IS interesting commercial products after 10 

■■■■■. ■■■- years of development." 

industry than their American This attitude goes against 
counterparts. what many in the UK have 

But recent events point to traditionally given as their 
the conclusion that all is not as excuse for not attracting any 
one sided as it may seem. Ben in vestors — that British inves- 
Rosen, for example, one of the tors, are more conservative 
most successful investors into and hard-nosed than those in 
the microcomputer business America. 

the logic involved in most 
medical decisions is “almost 
insultingly simple". He be- 
lieves that clinical medicine is 
poised on the brink of a 
computer revolution. 

David Simpson: Staying pot 

Two weeks ago David 
Simpson, who is to run Sir 
Clive Sinclair's new custom 
chip design company. 
Anamanic. claimed that the 
company could easily raise the 

-- «... _ - , , , . iiwiu uuu vmuuii uimiuiit is 

£6 million it needs for initial poised on the brink of a 
research if *t was based in computer revolution. 
California s Silicon Valley. “Most medicine consists of 
But he said that his own and obiaining information, mov- 
Sir Give s patriotism among j n g information around and 
other things prevented them performing a very simple 
from making the jump across analvsis based on that infor- 
the Atlantic. maiion. Computers are superb 

. re 5£l n expenence of l00 is for helping doctors carry 
UK-based Sky Software, how- out lhcse roul Tne tasks,” he 
ever — which raised £300.000 

in investment money earlier But why do highly intclli- 

— i ~ <t gent doctors who have under- 

A helpful attitude gone long training need the 
from City firms Wp orcomputemr ihe tasks 

J involved were so simple? 

~ Professor Lilford said: "If 
this month — suggests that you look at court cases where 
such days are over. doctors are being sued, you see 

There is an intense almost they are not criticized for what 
hysterical interest in technol- they- do - an operation or a 
ogy being showed by City major decision — but for what 
companies because of they do not do. 

October’s Big Bang as com- “Someone was recently 

A Leeds surgeon. Tim de 
Dombal. who co-ordinated 
the abdominal research' 
project, said 10 per cent of- 
medicinc could be covered by 
diagnostic computers using 

“Most medicine consists of existing programs, liie bene- 
obtajning information, mov- j^s f or patients would be 7 


He said: “Computers would 
also save patients with irrita- 
ble bowel syndrome from ^ 
being shunted from hospital 
department to department 
while a diagnosis was made. 

"A lot of patients who have 
suffered acute chest pain go 
into intensive care when they 
do not need to." 

Mr de Dombal was keen for 

Professor Lilford said: “If any expansion in the use of 
you look at court cases where 

doctors are being sued, you see 
they are not criticized for what 
they- do - an operation or a 
major decision — but for what 





- APL 


SITA is a leading provider of airline services using the latest IBM 
technology, in such diverse areas as air cargo, flight planning and 
meteorological information. It provides airlines with multi-hosted 
services and shared data bases. 

fn a small team, the successful candidate will work in a full 
analyst/jprogrammer role on a range of tasks including 
implementation of a large ad-hoc enquiry database, establishing 
communications links between IBM pie's and mainframe and 
technical support 

A good programming background including at least one years 
experience of APL is required. Exposure to communications and 
IBM pc’s will be an added advantage, although I 
provided In these areas. 

This post offers a genuine opportunity of working in a highly 
autonomous travel environment A generous salary is 
complimented by benefits including pension scheme, free medical 
scheme, free life assurance etc 

6th Floor, Empire House, 175 Piccadilly, London W1Z9DB 
Telephone: 01-409 2844, 01-439 8302(24 hours). 

Graphics Designer 

(Arabic Speaking) 

■ I PL Information Processing Limited is a 
highly successful independent software house 
based in Bath. The company employs more 
than 100 professional staff and has an 
outstanding reputation for producing reliable 
software far complex scientific and industrial 
computer applications. 

■ A vacancy exists for a graphics designer, 
preferably with a post-graduate qualification. 

■ The initial project will involve implementing 
an Arabic language front end to a laser printer 
(for text output only). Further work will 
involve interfacing the system to a number of 
CAD/CAM terminals to allow graphical data 
output by those systems to be integrated with 
Arabic text 

■ We offer excellent salaries and a very 
generous benefits package If you are 
prepared to work hard for a dynamic 
company where merit rs rewarded please 
write enclosing your tv. toe 

Julia Ridsdale-Saw, 

I PL Information Processing Limited. 

32/33 Broad Street, BATH BA1 5LR. 
Telephone 0225 63117 

puter companies and particu- 
larly those developing 
specialized financial software 
are at the forefront of the 

The fact that such compa- 
nies are also working with the 
people in the City who advise 

sued for forgetting to offer an 
older pregnant woman a rou- 
tine test which would have 
shown her baby had Down's 
syndrome. A computer picks 
up these errors." 

The abdominal pain project 
has shown how quickly doc- 

on the buving and selling of tors can adapt to new technol- 
sharcs is said to be already ogy. It involved 250 surgeons 

proving helpful in the attitude 
of City firms towards those 
who need finance. 

All this is not to say. 
however, that you can’t raise 
money for an established tech- 
nology company in the US 
now. ’ A few months ago 
Microsoft raised more than 
$350 million when it went 
public in America with an 
offering of shares. 

in training, most of whom had 
no computing experience. 

Asked to use the now- 
obsolete Commodore Pet or 
the Apple i le. they took about 
three days to get used to the 
cquipmenL Their inexperi- 
ence caused some hardware 
problems, such as the corrup- 
tion of information on the disc 
and difficulties in feeding 
paper into the primer. Even 
so. the average time the 

Benefits would 
be immense 

diagnostic computers in the 
NHS to be centrally financed 
and co-ordinated using the 
diagnostic system which has.' 
been developed in Leeds over 
the last 12 years. 

But a DHSS official who did 
not want to be named con- 
firmed that this was unlikely 
to happen. Health authorities 
would receive their own 
copies of the Leeds project, 
and make their own decisions 
about computerization. 

This confirmed Mr de 
Dombal's worst fears. He said: 
"We can develop the software 
here but if we are not careful it 
will be the usual British story. 
We'll adopt a system higgledy- 
piggledy and end up buying 
something very expensive 
from the United States.” 

01 3118444 




Bariono Cannralwi stoatod n Omni 


Eurobond/ScctaftBS rafccatwns. Hartman fflM/Am&M iwWniws. Tawms and 
men* wtt camrancaam Mb. .. . _ 

DTS1 mu; 




CIN Management Limited is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the 
National Coal Board managing over £8 billion of pension 
schemes’ assets. 

The Head of Management Services will be responsible for the 
development, implementation and control of the Company’s 
computer systems and will be expected to make regular ap- 
praisal of, and recommend improvements to, these systems. 

The post-holder will manage a small team of professionals and 
must demonstrate the ability to run a multi-dimensional 
project. Practical experience of introducing computer systems 
into a financial environment is desirable. 

Please write with full CV to: 

The Staff Manager. , CIN Management Ltd, 

PO Box 10, London SW1X TAD. 


tm man* ugatm. 75 ^5 


for this to turn* more OP. prtfcssknabm 

:'sAuM ftpanmert. adwsnu on comwW systems art bang 

Cln *S es 

U*» ™ adiojOTTTOJti. not out* prowfing a 




cumk The Iwmatwaf SWmn CmsuMncy is pan of a tage nunnunal 
SSSSmi. art is awMig fe* iwo wxnaKrt eoMufiins to nia thar ncsassftd tain. 

file hi awnambto a gart tort n malw 
S MiSfnwMBre ml waams rtSUrtmp 

m mn mspects. 

<d. « — 

*F: TO 1990 

1 * 7 C T 

wiv aad T. 1.-1.*-* 

siBr£sss5|p n “ 

ai Mia toAA r>A ' 

Evening n embers 
until 10pm:- 
01-311 8444 
03727 22531 

H yon do mM see a pesaton Ural is 
ideally suited to you. pleas* as 
we have (sand saflahle aontims tor 
previous caadi dales witm 2 weeks 
at them contacting us. Call ow sales 
bam today, we wft endeavour to Had 
you fee JOB! 

hahi mha Vi Rrjtafai? 

We are specialists in assisting Brit- 
ish NabwaJs wotting overseas and 
wishing to return to fee UK. 



(ON TARGET EARNINGS : £30 - 40,000) 

We are world leaders in the manufacture of real-time minicomputer 
systems. Our CLASSIC range of computers enjoy an excellent reputation 
for high performance and reliability around the world and can typically 
be found in time-critical, complex applications. Such application areas 
range from industrial control, to scientific data processing, SC ADA 
systems and large-scale communications networks. We are, for example, 
the largest supplier of computer systems to The Stock Exchange. 

We are currently seeking Sales Engineers to extend our business activi- 
ties here in the U-K. ana overseas. Ideally, we are looking for dedicated 
professionals with a technical sales background in computing in one or 
more of our application areas. Based at our International Headquarters 
in Wokingham. Berkshire, the successful applicants wQl demonstrate a 
hi gh degree of commitment to the active promotion of our computers. In 
return, we offer a very attractive range of benefits, including Company 
car, iron-contributory pennon scheme and BUPA. 

If you are interested in a varied and rewarding sales career, please write, 
enclosing C.V. to Irene Darviil at MODCOMP. 

MODCOMP, The Business Centre, Mo8y Mifiars Lane, Wokingham, 
Berks. RG11 2JQ. Tel: (0734) 78680B 

r 28 





July 29, 1986 

Pictures by Suresh Karadia 

Just pop in to see the King 

In Novem- 
ber last year 
Ashour had 
a bad ear ac- 
cident. He 

warn. ,v,omAp . 

was para- 
lysed by a 
dol on the brain and needed 
immediate surgery, which was 
not available In Saudi Arabia. 
A 35-year-old security officer 
in Jeddah, married with one 
daughter, he could not afford 
to go abroad for treatment. 

He could have applied 
through the Ministry of 
Health but the process would 
have taken time and his need 
was urgent. 

“So." said Abdullah, “my 
relatives went to the King's 
majiis. A friend took the letter 
and met King Fahd and 
explained the problem. The 
King ordered a special report 
from the hospital, then gave 
his permission for me to go 
abroad. He sent a paper 
through the Ministry of 
Health and i was sent to a 
hospital in Minnesota. The 
ministry paid on the orders of 
the King, ft was as simple as 

The majiis system is a 
mixture of royal court. MP’s 
surgery and small-claims tri- 
bunal. Everyone with power 
in Saudi .Arabia, from the local 
emir to the King, holds one. 
Prince Salman bin Abdul 
Aziz, the Governor of Riyadh, 
has his twice a day five days a 
week. The King holds one on 
Mondays. Anyone can walk in 
off the street without an 
appointment and present their 
problem or petition. 

The word majiis comes 
from the verb jaiasa "to sit” 
and around the walls of the 
majiis room are chairs and 
settees. The holder of the 
majiis has no special throne, 
but sits in the same sort of 
chair as everyone else, al- 
though sometimes the peti- 
tioners squat on the floor at 
his feet to unfold their scraps 
of paper and present them to 

Though there is some con- 
trol over who actually sees the 
King, every man has the right 
to see the local governors or 
other princes at their majiis. 
Women have to present their 
case-through a male relative. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales today open the 
exhibition Riyadh 
Yesterday and Today in the 
Grand HalL Olympia. 
London. Visiting rimes: 
tomorrow to Almost 10, 10 
am to 8 pm. Admission free 
♦■See page 32 

WIM m 



Arab democracy: Prince Salman bin Abdul Aziz, governor of Riyadh, receives petitioners at a znqjlis 

Even foreigners have been 
known to obtain swift justice 
to problems that festered for 

Abdullah's case was typicaL 
Disputes over land ownership, 
unpaid debts, requests for 
money, problems with em- 
ployers or the police, com- 
plaints against bureaucracy 
and general political grouses 
are ail brought to the majiis. 
Usually the person holding the 
majiis Hands the petition to 
one of his aides, a letter is sent 
to a ministry or witnesses and 
dependents are summoned. 

It sounds haphazard. Every- 
thing seems to be hand- 
written. without copies or 
files. But the King and princes 
have such enormous personal 
authority that grievances and 
disputes are senled quickly. 
There is no appeal. 

One petitioner said it was 
better than going through a 
court, adding: “There is no 
winner and no loser in the 

A few years ago western 
observers of Saudi Arabia 
were asking when a consults- ' 

live assembly would be intro- 
duced. but this is not an issue 
for Saudis. If they want to 
express a political opinion, 
they go to a prince. 

In a country of only seven 
and a half million, only four 
million of whom are Saudis, 
the majiis acts as a safety 
valve and an effective channel 
for democratic expression, al- 

ias! moment on the suggestion 
of a taxi driver. 

At least the majiis is visible. 
Government in Saudi Arabia 
is a secretive affair, the deci- 
sions being made by the King 
and princes in family con- 
clave, often late at night The 
non-royal ministers act as 
advisers but make few deci- 

The move has increased the oil glut 
and caused a fall in prices 

though not for democratic 
control. Its very effectiveness 
derives from the royal family's 
almost-tota) power. 

It is a nightmare for bureau- 
crats. When the finance minis- 
try tried to reduce the heavy 
agricultural subsidies, the 
King found himself besieged 
by angry farmers. The subsi- 
dies were restored. One west- 
ern diplomat complained of 
the difficulties of counting on 
policies developed in the min- 
istries because they could be 
overturned in the majiis at the 

The sons of Abdul Aziz, 
who. as a young man. seized 
power in Riyadh in 1*902 and 
built the kingdom which bears 
his family name, still rule. 
Nearly a dozen of them are 
aged under 50. A hundred 
years after Abdul Aziz became 
ruler, one of his sons could 
still be reigning. They have 
maintained remarkable unity 
in public. Rumours of serious 
rifts are rare. 

By Saudi- Arabian stan- 
dards, these are difficult times. 
The Saudis, by seeking to re- 

establish their Opec quota 
output of oQ, have added to 
the oil glut arid contributed to 
the further fall in the price. 
The budget, delayed in March, 
is now expected at the end of 
August and it will probably 
show a deficit of just under 
£10 billion this year. Mean- 
while, ca sh is not plentiful and 
payments have been slowed. 

Nevertheless, this ' repre- 
sents merely a cooling of the 
furious pace of expansion 
which the country has under- 
gone in the last 15 years. 

Compared to most of the 
world. Saudi Arabia has no 
economic problems. The fu- 
ture has been delayed, but it is 
not in doubL 

The Gulf War is a problem. 
Iran is making worrying gains 
and Iraq is feeling stretched. 
Saudi Arabia is the main 
contributor to the Iraqi de- 
fence purse but more explicit 
involvement would expose its 
extremely vulnerable Gulf 
coastline of oil installations 
and desalination plants to 
Iranian attack. ■ 

- The Saudis feel hurt and 

perplexed at the United States’ 
refusal to curb Israel and at the 
failure of other Westerners to 
understand the depth of pas- 
sion that the Palestinian ques- 
tion stirs. In conversarioiir 
most Saudis sooner or later 
tell- you wiih a prickly anger 
that the West is prejudiced 
against .Arabs and their cause. 

Western visitors to Saudi 
Arabia see a society based on 
kingship and kinship, which 
was deluged in money at a rate 
King Midas would have en- 
vied. which looks to Muham- 
mad .rather than monetarism 
for policies, which excludes 
women from public life, which 
cuts oft* heads for murder and 
hands for theft and has some 
of the best-equipped hospitals 
.in the world, which looks to 
the West for friends not 
because it admires western 
political or social systems — 
«hi the contrary — but because 
the socialist countries are 

Western visitors see ele- . 
men ts of medieval European 
society in Saudi Arabia but 
they believe that because of 
modern technology, the coun- 
try will be as liberal and 
westernized as Bahrain or 
Kuwait or even Egypt in a few 
years. The evidence does not 
support this view. 

As Saudi Arabia has leap- 
frogged towards the 21st cen- 
tury and the people have 
sprung from being nomadic 
camel and sheep herders to 
urban aristocrats.' they have 
grown more confident in their 

It was, after all. because they' 
were such devout Muslims 
that God rewarded them with 
the gift of oiL There is no 
reason they should not contin- 
ue to implement the Koran as 
literally as possible with one 
hand and the fastest modern- 
ization plan in the world with 
the other.' . 

_ Richard Dowden 

Saadi Arabia feces its regmaj 
responsibilities with dutiful 
weariness, it is easy to sympa- 
thize with one senior official 
who concluded his exposition 
of Sandi foreign policy by 
wishing the country could be 
towed off to the South Pacific. 

If one counts the Red Sea 
and the Gulf as borders rather 
than barriers; Saudi Arabia, 
has 14 neighbours of a most 
dis rate character. Among 
them are some of- the richest 
countries in the world .and 
some of the' poorest Two are 
closely allied • to the : Soviet 
Union; most of the others are 
pro-western. Two are . at war 
with each other and over the 
horizon looms Israel. 

To the North-East Iran, 
countering attacks by the 
Iraqis on its oil installations 
And shipping, has dedared 
open season on other shipping 
in the Gulf- More than 200 
attacks on ships have been . 
recorded since May 1981 and 
the Iranians are using Exocet 
missiles carried by helicopters 
operating off oil platforms. 

On land, the Iranians have 
used their greater, numbers to 
grind down the Iraqis and 
make important gains on the 
Fao P enins ula. The Sandi 
border is about 80 miles away 
: as a missile flies and it is. 
significant that the military 
headquarters of the Gulf Co- 
operation Council, the defen- 
sive coalition of Golf states, is 
at Hafar al Batin, just inside 
that northern border. 

Only one incident has -been 
recorded of Iranian^ planes 
venturing into Saudi air space. 
It happened two years ago; 
One of the planes was shot 
down, the other was hit and ■ 
limped home. A French-built 
anti-aircraft system has since = 
been installed .along Sandi 
Arabia’s vulnerable coastline 
of oQ installations and desali- 
nation plants. 

At least one of the A WACS- 
radar recouaissance planes 
boughtfrom the United States 
has begun training exercises 
over Riyadh; another four are 
to become operational next 
year. The USAF AWACS 
already I operational in - the 
Jdngdontsaremaimed fey- 
American crews- accompanied ,. 

by a Sandi liaison officer .The'' “ 
Standi AWACS will be -poWp: > 
entirely 'by Saodis bnt mfor- 

-.Cm Mtharotf In' fhntt BT - 


be shared with theAm*ncansr; 

Despite its current economic., 

. chill, Sandi Arabia continue* 
to fond 'Iraq, with about S3^: - :4 

*=l' # r 

' • . ; ... tj* 

billion ayear. Though the b»Ik;Y..- 
of Iraq's arms importe ; gfr/r^ 

through Aqaba, 1 someare be- ’ : 

lieved to be Unded at-the-oew i ~ 

Saudi Red Sea port of YanbU j L 
to be taken byToadto Iraq. ; 

The Sandis.haye.nlsQl»eeiU.i 
trying By ffieircnstoqittxdb-f. J 
. creet diplomacy ; backed by>. l y 
their rolossaJ Jhwls to weanc.* >/ 
Syria bom Iran pad. .effect -ac-; : i 
reconciliation with lraq. 

Saudi ArabiuWps.Ira«t i*|^ >4 
other quiet ways. .North Yeme-^/ j 
ni soldiers wounded: .while #;< 
lighting for the Irmtisarr^s 
given beds in Saudi AraWa>-. , i 
military -hospitals and -it- is V? 
widely assumed that, retevpnt; 
data collected ;fcy AWAQfe ?;.i' 
long-distance radar wgiven 
.Iraq. • • - 

j y~ mm 

* - v . - 1 

■ . . 

V* •• . •: 

- . 

! j " 


- v; . 

‘ “ l*ri 2 

is ■■■■ *-■ 


Though the Gutf: wBrjrfe :£■ 
reported openly' jmdtajrly 
the Saudi press, SMBbwj%; _ 
meat is never. medfidoeif. 
newspapers carried.* briery 
report recently when. Yaba^V 
Yasga Rrudodto^ yfev&m 
Deputy Premia,' htoT'KingLf i,. 
Fahnd but -the 'readers "inie.^ ; . 
left to gness the iopcs.ffl..* ■ 
disoissioo'. Thli&jMurfly he- S.'- 
cause of the Sand is’ aateraL^ ' 
secrecy end: partly iwca«Me ^. v 
they do 'not waht to provqke -> 4 

*■ . «--i. 

- n-.r+'X 

1 i ; • 

I & :-i '■ 

- J gw*" 

insoM : 

Iranians ate expected" to eomie ' 
to Saadi' Arabia ftr tbe^ 

iuntoU the Iranhuistoife^ - i 
potass oat tiid^n lMfita., 
not a distinctidn the toahin V . 
understand;' in die past' there . ‘ . 
ha ve been rhnnidg battles' inf . - 

the streeto 'of 'Mecca betweoi; ' 
Iranians and Iraqis-.' . 

Though it seems, inrtb'ar 
away,Palestn>e,as theycallft '* 
troubles the Saudis &r mdre . . ' 

- Continued on next page. 


s-iv:-.***: • 

V »; 

::: -i 



W. ■* 

f w 





“T **61 






The de 





It is a saying from time immemorial, when ^ 

there is a downpour take shelter under a big •\ / v 

tree. It is big enough to protect you from 
all dangers and rooted deep enough to survive. 

InbiisinessitisthesamewithRiyadBank. "C, 

It is big and deep enough to serve you 
anywhere from its 143 branches throughout the - 
Kingdom and abroad. 

Our strength comes from our customers and 



v. we know them wdl. It is a part of our customs, 

‘ ' traditions and values. 

1^-^' There are hot many banks \dioknowyouas 

jj; ^'^well as RiyadBankdoes. 

. 0 For profitaHe banking call Riyad Bank. 



HEAD OFFICE: P.O. Box 1047 -Jeddeh -Saudi Arabia 
Tel: (02) 647 4777. Telex: 401006 RYADEX SJ 
M LONDON BRANCH: LICENSED DEPOSIT TAKER. Tbmple Court. 11 Queen Victoria Street." ' 

London EC4N 4XP, England-let: 01-248 7272 -Tlx: 8955154 RlYADL G. ' 








A reluctant farewell to 
the Midas years 

• h 'qaba. £ 

' Ja4li »n H j . “ eiTeq , 
* . Arabia » 
JJ* 1 *»>*. North ® 


3 2 Tor ijjj. "| &hifc 

z*: ' n wrth? 

r > ^Phuls jA^'t 
1 ^cmed iho. , R B 
fowled bwu?* 


■ uc5lr enott 0 
Provoke Iran 

■ :u 7 h ih c Gall . 

lv * cpralj and fajS ? 

fw* carried TbS 

7 M«r.ii% Hhen jj 
" R p aira ^ the ft 
*'> Prt! ™«. met H 

f. b “ ! , lhe f«4cntS 

* ’. «fl* topics j 

^.jhu u jsi 

'“. e ^■‘Udii* 
v- ar.i. partly 
-** s*; mn: to prong^ 

carh a quarter of a miUjj, 
URs are expected saw 

iiodi Arabia for du IM 
Islamic piigrinage)^ 
. > be Saudi aatbnfe 
: told the Iranians to hff 

lies oct of religion bn ft g 
a distinction the Itun^ 
T'L;ni; :n ih« past that 
: been rename tattles b 
y; Mecca betsea 
■un* and Iraqis, 
hc-jicr. ii setas forkr 
s. pjiii -.'ir.c.a'ithnafll, 
i?-\' :ht. yiudistom 
C -zjszcsznpp 

f Bureaucrats call 

it a consolida- 
tion. They con- 
test the 
■^—description of it 
as a recession. 
oWrsts? Crisis is a for- 
bidden word, 
used 1 only by those who were 
buried in die collapse of the 
construction industry. The 

the sweltering economic tem- 
perature has dropped dramati- 
cally to merely temperate. No 
budget, has yet been an- 
nounced for this year and the 
government had to draw on its 
substantial overseas assets to 
coyer the approximately £9 
billion deficit. Some govern- 
ment payments are being 
made about six months late. 

fact s that tire tidal wave of Since the whole economy 
a 10 ^ ® au ^* depends on government ex- 

Arabia has subsided and ev- 
eryone is trying to define the 
landscape and decide what 
might be grown there in the 

It had to happen. Saudi 
Arabia's persistent warnings 
to its fellow Opec members to 
stick to theirquotas had been 
ignored and the Saudis 
watched their share of world 
production drop from around 
23 percent to less than 10 per 
cent In 1981 the Kingdom 
was exporting nine million 
barrels a day at S3 5 a barrel, 
giving it a revenue of over 
$100 billion. Last year it 
exported about two million 
barrels a day and the price 
halved to between SI 2 and 
$F4a barreL 

Export earnings last year 
from oil were little over $20 
billion. So at the end of last 
year Saudi Arabia turned on 
the oil. taps and raised its 
production to somewhere near 
us agreed Opec quota of 4J5 
million barrels a day. 

The immediate effect on the 
already saturated oil market 
was to lower the price even 
further.The Saudi strategy is 
to let the price stay low for a 
while io force the over produc- 
ers within Opec to come back 
into fine and to squeeze out 
some of the more expensive 
producers. With a quarter of 
the oil reserves of the non- 
Communist world, a tiny 
population and no debts, they 
can afford low revenues for a 

The Saudis hope that a 
lower oil price will restore 
some discipline to the Opec 
ranks, -that they will regain 
their rightful quota in it and 
ihaL the other members will no 
longer expect them to cut their 
production to keep up the 
price for everyone else. In 
time, they calculate, the price 
will naturally bounce bade to 
the $15 to $20 a barrel they 

In the short tenru however. 

penditure. other payments 
have slowed too, resulting in 
bad debts and bankruptcies, 
particularly in the construc- 
tion industry. 

The slide in the oil price 
coincided with the completion 
of the infrastructure develop- 
ment plan so that there were 
no more billion dollar con- 
struction projects pouring 
money into the economy. The 
Fourth Development Plan, 
covering 1985 to 1990, an- 
nounced final support “to 
encourage the private sector to 

Huge potential 
for the service 

take the initiative and mobi- 
lize its own resources." It is 
generally agreed that Saudi 
Arabia offers great potential 
for service industries and 
operation and maintenance 
contractors but whether it can 
attract private investors to 
develop a manufacturing in- 
dustry to lessen its depen- 
dence on oil remains in doubu 

The creation of an infra- 
structure and facilities for life 
in the 21st century is an 
astonishing achievement. The 
speed at which the towns have 
exploded across the desert 
leaves people revisiting them 

Yanbu and its twin port of 
Jubail on the Gulf stand like 
two science-fiction cities, 
erected from nothing in less 
than a decade; ultra modern, 
pristine, and virtually empty. 
Construction began only in 
1977 and the pipelines which 
bring oil and natural gas 
liquids to the Red Sea coast 
came on stream in 1981. 

The government poured bil- 
lions of riyals into the con- 
struction of the two new cities, 
building 350 miles of roads, 
laying power lines, water and 
sewage systems and providing 

the latest optic fibre and 
satellite communications. 
There are mosques, hospitals, 
schools, parks and mile after 
mile of trees lining the streets 
and watered by a computer- 
ized system using recycled 
waste water. 

At Jubail nearly ten feet of 
earth had to be laid over a vast 
area to raise the city above the 
saline leveL Its oil port has 
eight miles of causeway in 
addition to the commercial 
port for general cargo. Yanbu 
now has five primary oil 
industries operating and a few 
other factories making con- 
crete pipes, oil drums and 
other goods for the oil indus- 
try- Both cities have huge 
resource centres for education 
and training. 

The hope that these two 
new ports would be the 
launching pads for manufac- 
turing industries to provide 
goods for the whole region has 
not yet been fulfilled. Some 
are questioning the assump- 
tion that by providing a good 
transport and communica- 
tions network, cheap petro- 
chemical feedstock and 
plentiful power and water, the 
government can persuade the 
private sector to build a 
manufacturing and service in- 
dustry which would make the 
country self-sufficient or at 
least no longer totally depen- 
dent on oil 

Dr Mahsoun Jala), Chair- 
man of the National Industri- 
alization Corporation, told the 






Ancient and modern: A street scene in Riyadh shows the enduring popularity of the narghile pipe — and tabular steel chairs 

Saudi Gazette newspaper in a 
recent interview: “Develop- 
ment of the producing sector 
of the Saudi economy is going 
to be more difficult than the 
development of the country's 
basic infrastructure. In devel- 
oping the infrastructure the 
government knew exactly 
what it wanted and how much 
it would cost. They did the 
designing and the developing. 
But in the development of the 
productive sector of the econ- 
omy the private sector is 
expected to take the lead and 
initiative. Thai is going to 
prove more difficult." 

Some argue that the fall in 
the oil price has made diversi- 
fication possible, indeed im- 
perative. In their view it could 

not take place as long as oil 
dominated the Saudi .Arabian 
economy. Provided with free 
land and an interest-free loan 
ofabout $50,000. Saudis made 
vast profits in real estate or in 
trading deals. Their expecta- 
tion was for 50 per cent profits 
or more. 

One prominent Saudi busi- 
nessman said: “I call it the 
Midas era and some people 
thought it would continue for 
ever. Its end was not as 
sudden as we think and it 
should not have suiprised 
anybody. Saudi Arabia is now 
full of opportunities and full 
of facilities." Or, as one 
expatriate manager put it: 
“They no longer buy a new car 
because the ash trays are full " 

The optimists argue that it 
is just a matter of time and 
urge investors to come now, 
ready for the upswing in 
demand. They point to the 
possibilities of developing 

■ Diversification 
has become 

Saudi Arabia as a manufactur- 
ing, banking and commercial 
centre linking and serving east 
and west as well as the Middle 
East and north east Africa. Bui 
is the market there? 

The downstream petro- 
chemical plants have come on 
stream when prices for their 

products are at an all time low 
and the EEC has imposed 
tariffs on Saudi chemical 
products. The Saudis' natural 
free market instincts have 
prevented them from offering 
special prices for the feedstock 
or taking other measures to 
protect new domestic indus- 
tries. The population projec- 
tions for Yanbu and Jubail in 
the year 2000 have already 
been revised downwards by 
about a third. 

The evidence suggests that 
private investment is declin- 
ing in response to the drop m 
public investment. According 
to the Saudi Chambers of 
Commerce, investment by the 
private sector rose 13.8 per 
cent in 1981-82 but fell 3.8 per 

The cost of keeping peace on the borders 

From previous page 
than the Golf War. A profound hatred 
of Israel manifests itself in newspaper 
articles which are brazenly anti- 
Jewish as well as anti-IsraeL 

The senior Saudi official said: “If it 
were a political problem we woo Id 
have given way a long time ago. They 
have defeated us twice in battle and 
the United States is behind them. 

“If it were just a problem of land, 
we would have given it away a long 
time ago. but It is a human problem. 
The Israelis cannot live normally, 
they live ona level of conflict. It is like 
a transplant which the body has 
rejected and die longer it goes on, the 
more radical people become." 

Israel continually eomes between 
the US and the western -orientated 
Arabs, making them feel betrayed and 
rejected. At the insistence of Israel, 

the Americans have forbidden the 
Saudis to hase their F-1S aircraft at 
Tabnk near the border with Jordan, 
an area constantly overflown by the 
Israelis, according to defence sources. 

The Saudis also find it difficult to 
accept the recent Congressional block 
on their purchase of Stinger and 
Sidewinder missiles when the former 
have been given to Unita rebels in 
Angola. Last year, in the face of 
Congressional opposition. President 
Reagan withdrew a package which 
would have given the Saudis three 
additional squadrons of F-1S ad- 
vanced fighter aircraft as well as 
ammunition and missiles. 

The ban on the F-15 sale was good 
news for British arms manufacturers, 
who were then able to sell 72 Tornado 
fighters and 30 Hawk trainers to the 
Saudis in a package which will be 

worth some £5 billion, despite some 
problems with scheduling the pay- 
ments. When George Bosh, the US 
Vice President, visited Saudi Arabia 
in April it was the Tornadoes which 
led the 0y past to salute him. 

Saudi Arabia must also keep an eye 
on South Yemen, thrown into turmoil 
in January when a split in the ruling 
Communist Party led to a virtual civil 
war. There is a potential conflict of 
interests with North Yemen over a 
disputed border area where ofl has 
recently been found. 

With a defence budget of S21 
billion, which so for seems immune 
from the stringency which has begun 
to prune the budgets of other minis- 
tries, Saudi Arabia is able to buy the 
best, although a great deal of political 
bargaining goes into their purchases. 

The main problem that Saudi 

Arabia faces is manpower, as the 
ubiquitous recruiting posters testify. 
There are perhaps as few as four 
nrillkm Saudi citizens in a country 
more than 10 times the size of Britain. 

Figures for the armed forces are not 
disclosed but it is estimated that the 
army stands at about 35,000, the navy 
at 4,000 and the air force at 20,000, 
including a 5,000-strong air-defence 

There may be between 10,000 and 
30,000 in the National Guard, which 
has more responsibility for internal 
security and does not come under the 
Ministry of Defence but under Crown 
Prince Abdullah. Another 10,000 are 
in other units such as the frontier 
force and the coast-guard units. The 
kingdom employs some North Yeme- 
nis in the armed forces and some 
mercenaries. RD 

cent in the following year and 
7.2 per cent in 1983-84. 

The slowing in payments 
has meant that some cases 
have arrived in the Shari'ah 
courts, where the issue of 
interest, forbidden under Is- 
lamic law, IS cri ming to the 
fore. In some cases creditors 
have been asked how much 
their debtor bas paid in inter- 
est and have then bad the 
amount deducted from the 
loan. There has been no dear 
ruling yet and most bankers 
$et round h by disguising 
interest as service charges, but 
the issue is beginning to cause 
concern in commercial circles. 

There have also been com- 
plaints of bureaucratic delays 
m making feasibility studies 
and obtaining licences for 
factories. In particular, the 
Saudi Basic Industries Corpo- 
ration has been accused of 
obstructing private investors 
wanting to sei up businesses in 
Jubail and Yanbu. The corpo- 
ration, which is mostly gpv- 
emment-owned, has first 
option on licences for the 
downstream petrochemical 
industries and can veto other 
applications. It has been ac- 
cused of sitting on proposals 
and creating bureaucratic 

Nothing symbolizes Saudi 
Arabia more than its stupen- 
dous new airports. Vast, 
gleaming white citadels, air- 
conditioned. spotlessly dean, 
decked with flowers, cooled by 
fountains, managed by the 
latest technology, built round 
a mosque. They are waiting 
for travellers. 





((port IS 1) 



ft’ 1 '-'* 


k ‘vv;,. 



Tanking up with a smile: OH revenues are down bat Saadis can still afford big imported cars 

pains for farmers 












.. . 

/ / 

The inevitable 
has happened 
to Saudi agri- 
culture. The 
chilling winds 
of austerity and 
that have hit 
the kingdom's economy have 
finally xhalnwi the farmi ng 
establishment out of its well 
protected complacency. 

Until now, agriculture in 
Saudi- Arabia has enjoyed 
quite an easy ride, thanks to a 
combination of an under- 
standable patriotic need for 
sdf-suffiriency in food and as 
aggjressive subsidy policy in 
which some key agricultural 
commodities enjoyed hefty 
financial support, wheat being 
a notable example. 

’ This situation has now 
come under close examination 
by experts from both the 
private and public sectors. 
They argue forcefully, and not 
without some justification, 
that a more professional and 
realisticjpproach is needed. 

Nevertheless, government 
assistance to farmers has beat 
extremely generous and, as a 
result, .Saudi Arabia's food 
production capacity has been 
. transformed over the past 
decade; This calculated . 
psity has taken many 
such as the free distribution oi 
land, interesitfee loans and 
targe grants for the purchase of 
livestock, fertilizers, machin- 
ery and other materials; 

However, the most bounti- 
ful of all was the guaranteed 
price for home-grown wheat 
Until quite recently, wheat 
growers, irrespective of form 

size or efficiency of operation, 
were assured of a maximum of 
three and a half rivals (about 
64p) per kilo. This huge 
subsidy gave rise to bigger and 
bigger wheat harvests over the 
years. In 1985, for example, 
production was estimated at 
more than seven million 
tonnes, a remarkable achieve- 
ment when you reflect on the 
mere total of 3,000 tonnes of 
wheat grown in 1975. 

Such progress has not been 
achieved without profile ms; 
the high wheat subsidy, for 
example, produced intense de- 
velopment of one type of 
arable forming, leaving other 
important areas of agriculture 
relatively undeveloped. In ad- 
dition, as fa r me r s knew they 
bad a guaranteed price no 
matter what, it encouraged 
inefficient methods of 

However, with the recent 
drop in this subsidy (down 
from three and ahalfriyals to 
two riyals per kOo), animal 
feedstock, for instance, one of 
a number of previously ne- 
glected crops, has received 
more attention. This is good 
news for local growers of 
alfalfa and Rhodes grass, as 
most animal feedstuffe are 
imported at present. 

.One obvious question 
{Resents itself why this phe- 
nomenal reduction (of 43 per 
cent) in the wheat subsidy? 
Firstly, there is less govern- 
ment money available to 
spend on current and antici- 
pated public sector projects, 
including agriculture. Declin- 
ing oil revenues have seen to 


Secondly, the Saudi govern- 
ment has realized that private 
sector forming has consider- 
able assets at its disposal 
which can be brought into 
play in the agricultural arena. 
The Fourth five Year Devel- 
opment Plan (unveiled in 
March 1985) underscored this 
apparent change in govern- 
mental outlook and the pri- 
vate sector is now gettii 
official leg-up it 
waiting patiently for. 

In additiosugreater emi 
sis is being put on diversifica- 
tion in order to promote 
further agricultural develop- 
ment. Agriculturists have sug- 
gested that a better balance of 
food production can be ob- 

Greater emphasis 
is being put on 

tamed by encouraging formers 
to reduce the overweighted 
figure of 60 per cent of arable 
land given over to wheat 
production, for example, and 
then using this acreage for 
other crops, such as bailey, 
potatoes, onions and le tt uces, 
and several varieties of fruit. 

Horticulture is one growth 
area in Saudi forming is 
developing fast to keep pace 
with public demand for fresh 
produce. Thanks to some of 
the latest hydroponic tech- 
niques, large quantities of 
locally grown tomatoes, cour- 
and aubergines are 
ing their way into super- 

’ \ 



past is 

The wooden bolt is still a little 
stiff. To secure the two feet 
square door in the huge gate of 
Riyadh's Masmak fort, you 
have to slide it across the back 
of the door and secure it with 
an iron pin. Early in the 
morning of January 16. 1902, 
Ajlari Rasheed. the governor 
of Riyadh, foiled to do this. It 
cost him his life and changed 
the course of Saudi Arabian 
history. „ 

The night before. 40 follow- 
ers of the A1 Saud family, 
rivals of the A1 Rasheed, led 
by its scion. Abdul Aziz, had 
crept into the city and waited 
until dawn when the governor 
was wont to come out of the 
fortress to visit his wife who 
1 slept in the house opposite. 

: As he left the fort they 
rushed into the square and 
though he managed to scram- 
- ble back into the fort through 
; the tiny door, his attackers 
managed to stop him from 
closing ii and forced their way 
in and killed him. 

: Embedded in the gate s soft 
wood to the right of the door is 
the lip of the spear thrown at 
the fleeing governor by the 
cousin of Abdul Aziz. The 
ground in front of the fort is 
exposed and. Had Abdul Aziz 
and his companions been 
locked out and caught in the 
open, they would have been 
easily shot down by the 
guards. . 

From the capture of the 
Riyadh fortress. Abdul Aziz 
ibn Saud went on to establish 
his rule throughout most of 
the Arabian peninsula, giving 
it his family's name. He died 
.in 1953 and bis sons have 
ruled ever since. The kingdom 
has been blessed by God and 
Mammon, encompassing 
both the holy places of Islam 
and a quarter of the world s oil 
reserves, although its citizens 
see these as complementary, 
not contradictory- . 

The Masmak fortress, with 
a round tower at each corner 
and crenellated walls, looks 
like a giant's sand castle. It has 
just been restored and given a 
new coal of smooth, pink clay 
stiffened with reed straw, 
which is the traditional build- 
ing material. The original gare. 
its little window door and the 
spear tip arc there for all to 
see. , . ,i- m 

-..-ra.- it - 1 — — ■**- 


Peace, perfect peace: The palace court in the old dty of DirTya 
kingdom went back a long with a windowless wail on the Koran's teachings literally and 

way. In the 18th century 
Abdul Aziz's forefathers had 
extended their rule through- 
out the peninsula.with their 
capital at Dir'iya. 10 miles 
north-west of modern Riyadh. 

Their successes culminated 
in the early 19th century with 
ihe capture of Mecca and 
Medina but this provoked the 
Ottoman caliph to send an 

Efforts to restore 
cultural heritage 
of former capital 

Egyptian army to suppress 
them. In 1819. after a lengthy 
siege. Dir iya was captured 
and. two years later when the 
Al Saud tried to make a 
comeback, the Egyptians de- 
stroyed it. 

As part of a new sense of 
urgency to preserve and . re- 
store Saudi Arabia's cultural 
heritage. Dir'iya is being exca- 
vated and restored. 

A few people returned to the 
devastated city and began to 
rebuild the houses but the new 
capital was established in 
Riyadh. Now. fragments of 
wall and tower lean precari- 
ously or lie slumped like 
melted wax along the steep 
banks of the Wadi Hanifah. 
The last families moved out in 
1981 and the following year 
archaeologists, under the pa- 
tronage of the royal Family, 
moved in. . . 

So far ihcv have restored the 
palace of Nasser bin Saud. 
which dates from about 1800. 
a ivpical iwo-storcy house 

munil *» r * 


A second palace is being 
rebuilt, using tamarisk for the 
beams. Limestone is being 
used for the centre of the 
courtyard pillars and mud 
bricks baked like loaves of 
bread in the sun. for the core 
of the walls. According to Dr 
Hassan El Ashiry. the Egyp- 
tian-born chief architect, an- 
other 1 1 palaces will be 
restored as well as two 
kilometres of the city wall and 
part of the slave quarters. 

By far the most significant 
find has been a luxurious 
Turkish bath complex and a 
royal guest house next to it. 
The wails of both are decorat- 
ed with mouldings and trian- 
gles and faced with gypsum 
plaster, every grain of which 
had to be transported 650 
miles by camel from Jeddah. 

The baths have a warm 
room and hot room with an 
underfloor hypocaust system, 
deep basins for hot and cold 
water, a massage room and a 
shower. Fragments of clay 
tobacco pipes have been 
found -in the debris. 

Onlv one European. J. L. 
Rcinaud. visited the city when 
it was nourishing, sent there in 
1799 by the East India Com- 
pany. Bui unfortunately he 
onlv remarked on the sullen 
hospitality of its citizens and 
the simplicity of the ruler s 

p3lace. . , , . 

The Al Saud extended their 
power in the name of Wah- 
habism, a strict, puritanical 
reformation of Islam, adopted 
fiv Muhammad ibn Saud in 
the mid-! Sih century. Its foi- 

lmi-rc ;«,nl n «,ml»H lh*» 


When they captured the 
holy cities of Mecca and 
Medina, they smashed the 
domed tombs of Islamic he- 
roes and heroines in the same 
way as Puritan iconoclasts in 
17ih-cemury Britain smashed 
the statues and images in the 
churches. They had no lime 
for baths or tobacco. 

The bath house dates from 
the laie-18th century, the reign 
of Saud the Great grandson of 
Muhammad ibn Saud. It dem- 
onstrates that the Wahhabi 
philosophy was not as influen- 
tial at that time as had been 
thought. Dr El Ashiry 
sajdrWe certainly did not 
expect there would be some- 
thing so luxurious from that 

It is an ironic discovery for 
him. Opposition to the exca- 
vation and restoration of 
Dir'iya has come from the 
ulema, the religious leaders 
and spiritual descendants and 
the Wahhabites. still a power- 
ful force in Saudi society. Dr 
El Ashiry said they believed 
that man should not become 
attached to places but be free 
to worship God untrammelled 
by time or place. 

They see the restoration of 
the old city as a sort of 
blasphemous deification of 
the Saudi past. 

Dr El Ashiry said; “When 
they find, for example, that 
people in a village, are at- 
tached to a particular old mud 
mosque, they tear it down and 
have a new concrete one built. 
That illustrates their 


markets throughout the 

Another sector of food pro- 
duction that is receiving 
strong government encourage- 
ment is fishing. Saudi Fisher- 
ies, established in 1981, has 
not only introduced a wide 
variety of fish to the domestic 
market, but has also opened 
up a thriving export business 
in shrimps. 

Food processing is still in its 
infancy but it is envisaged that 
shops both within the king- 
dom and abroad will soon be 
stocked with breakfast cereals, 
canned fruit and vegetables, 
meat products and beverages 
produced entirely in Saudi 

Keeping in mind current 
economic stringencies, there is 
a number of questions that 
need to be addressed in the 
immediate future; a finely 
t ynwi national agricultural 
blueprint should be worked 
out and put into operation to 
ensure, among other things, 
that the previously mentioned 
diversification strategy is what 
it says and that formers do not 
find themselves all diversify- 
ing into the same commodity. 
Water resources will have to 
be used even more efficiently 
and the possibility of liquid 
waste recycling should be 
explored. The marketing and 
distribution of agricultural 
products will have to be 
developed further and the 
knotty problem of the long- 
term storage of strategic food 
supplies still has to be solved. 

Nicholas Mackey 

Jaguar Cars Limited 
and the Arabian Automotive Company 
welcome visitors . . . 



Yesterday and today 

The Saudi Experience 

Olrmpia. London 

July 30th-August 10th 1986 


Jaguar Cars Limited. Browns Lane. Allesley. Coventry CVS 9DR. England. W/ 

Saudi International Bank 


London New York Tokyo Nassau 

Shareholders: Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency 
National Commerical Bank (Saudi Arabia I. Riyad Bank, 

Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York. The Bank of Tokyo, Ltd, BanqueNationalede Para 
DeulsdieBank AG, National Westminster Bank PLC and Union Bank of Switzerland 

DAY JULY 29 1986 



!■ 'tf 


r '* **£;. 

\ 'SiS'A •’-£ 

_„ „ •’ >** v » A*. 

‘ r &js< 


••*• • v??a$4 

v '-AZ*? J 

v • '>1 

: Jj 

. •••,-•'■" v- ' ! -". 

7T** • *'•'-' ’ : 

Traditional nays and new settings: At Jeddah airport men dressed in the white robes of the Muslim hadp or pilgrim and Iranian women gathered nrand a narghile pipe. Below: Th e television tower 

1 v m4» rv-wv;'' a-; v tf. E . 

Staying faithful to 
traditional law 

S The basis for 
all laws and 
regulations in 
Saudi Arabia 
w— is the 
Shari’ah, an 
Arabic word 
which can be 
roughly translated as “the 
path to be followed by all 
Muslims*’. Of the four princi- 
pal schools oflslamic law, it is 
to the strict Hanbali School 
that the Saudi legal system 

. The spectacular economic 
growth- of Saudi Arabia has 
placed pressures on this tradi- 
tional jurisprudence. Never- 

relating to cheques, bills of 
exchange and promissory 

Promissory notes are often 
-sought by local banks from 
borrowers as evidence of out- 

contracts have been made 
without proper legal review. 

Inevitably also, work on 
certain projects has given rise 
to unforeseen situations where 
the Saudi legal position is not 

standing debts. If the borrower well-documented. Litigation 

lb dess, the kingdom's legal 
system remains faithful to its 

system remains faithful to its 
traditional origins. 

Modem legislation, courts 
and practices have been devel- 
oped. and continue to evolve, 
to cope with these new com- 
mercial pressures. Care has 
been taken, however, to en- 
sure that this new legal appa- 
ratus is developed and 
introduced in a way which 
preserves the Sbarj'ah 

There is a variety of courts 
in Saudi Arabia to which 
particular types of legal dis- 

fails to repay the loan a 
promissory note generally of- 
fers a quicker and cheapo 1 
method for the bank to obtain 
legal redress than full-scale 
litigation at the CSCD. 

Disputes with the Saudi 
government or its agencies are 
the presence of another spe- 
cialized tribunal, the Board of 
Grievances. The board's judg- 
ments are published every six 
months, unlike those of the 
other courts, for which there is 
no systematic publication of 

This is a recent develop- 
ment and has been welcomed 

Board’s judgments 
published every 
six months 

S ute may be referred. The 
hari'ah courts, for instance. 

Shari’ah courts, for instance, 
are concerned primarily with 
family inheritance and prop- 
erty matters. 

■ Commercial disputes, par- 
ticularly where one of the 
parties is -foreign, are more 
likely to be referred to the 
Committee for the Settlement 
Of Commercial Disputes, the 
kingdom's commercial court. 
The CSCD has a reputation 
for being a fair tribunal and 
one which is reasonably well- 
equipped to determine com- 
plex commercial matters. 

.. The main disadvantage in 
CSCD proceedings, and it is 
one shared by many courts in 
the West, is the time required 
to reach a judgment Periods 
of a year or more are not 

Saudi Arabia has several 
other specialized courts or 
committees. One of these 
deals exclusively with labour 
and employment matters, an 
important and sensitive area 
in view of the kingdom's high, 
though declining, level of 
foreign manpower. 

The Negotiable Instruments 
Committee deals with cases 

by lawyers. They hope that the 
board's lead will be followed 
by the other courts and that in 
time, cases will come to be 
considered legal precedents, 
thereby ensuring that later 
decisions are reached on a 
consistent basis. 

The board also has jurisdic- 
tion in trademark-infringe- 
ment cases. Saudi Arabia has 
no detailed legislation cover- 
ing patent or copyright protec- 
tion. although both are under 
review as candidates for future 

The board is also the au- 
thority for enforcing foreign 
court judgements. Apart from 
courts in Arab League states, 
for which there is a special 
convention, judgements of 
other foreign courts are un- 
likely to be enforced by the 
board. The need to ensure that 
the specific requirements of 
the Shari 'ah are followed, 
normally necessitates the 
holding of a new trial before 
the Saudi courts and in accor- 
dance with Saudi law. 

As might be expected where 
commercial development has 
been as rapid as in Saudi 
Arabia and where intense 
pressures and deadlines have 
had to be faced, there is little 
doubt that in some cases 

| Inchcape Pic 

| and. its subsidiary 

S Gray Mackenzie 

I are pleased to be 

associated with the 
j Riyadh Yesterday and 
j Today Exhibition 

and wish it 
every success. 

40 St Mary Axe 
London EC3A 8EU 

Tel: 01-283 4680 

cases have become more nu- 
merous as a result 

The construction boom in 
the kingdom, in particular the 
really big infrastructural 
projects mentioned above, is 
generally regarded as over. In i 
some of these projects dis- j 
pules have arisen over the | 
adequacy of contract perfor- 
mance by contractors and the 
consequential withholding of 
payments by government 

This situation has occurred 
at a time when oil revenues , 
continue to fall and some ; 
observers have concluded that 
the real reason for non-pay- 
ments on such contracts is 
simply lack of money. 

Such broad criticism is un- 
fair, for. in most cases, non- 
payment is due specifically to 
alleged under- or non-perfor- 
mance by the contractor. The 
recent drop in oil prices may 
have led some government 
officials, however, to take a 
rather pedantic attitude to 
contractual provisions in mea- 
suring a contractor’s 

Steps have been taken to 
alleviate the pressures on the 
judicial system. Arbitration is 
now recognized and supported 
by detailed legislation for the 
first time. 

The specialized nature of 
disputes in the banking and 
insurance fields has also been 
noted and a legal committee 
within the Ministry of Com- 
merce is scheduled to assume, 
jurisdiction in such cases. 

This move is specially wel- 
comed by bankers, who. look- 
ing at the experience of some 
other Middle Eastern coun- 
tries. are worried that interest 
or commission payments due 
by borrowers may be ruled 
invalid as contravening Islam- 
ic doctrine, at least as inter- 
preted by some Muslims. 

So far there is little indica- 
tion that such fears are well- 
placed. Indeed, the Saudi 
government is believed to 
receive interest on its overseas 
deposits with foreign banks. 

In addition, at a recent 
conference of Islamic jurists 
held in Mecca, the conference 
advised that where commer- 
cial transactions with non- 
Islamic based institutions 
were necessary, interest could 
be collected by these banks on 
the basis that it be appropriat- 
ed to expenditures related to 
general Muslim development 
— a novel suggestion, but 
perhaps also implicit recogni- 
tion of the validity of interest- 
payment provisions. 

Finally, a ministerial decree 
published last October has set 
out the detailed procedures to 
be adopted in order to start 
formal legal proceedings. Fur- 
ther regulations on court pro- 
cedures are also believed to be 

All these are constructive 
steps towards improving the 
present legal structure. In 
addition, other pragmatic 
steps are under consideration. 
A possible method of easing 
contractors' cash-flow difficul- 
ties through the introduction 
of a system of discounted 
progress payments certificates 
is being explored by local 
banks with the Saudi Arabian 
Monetary Agency (SAMA). 
the central bank. 

Also being considered are 
set-off arrangements, whereby 
amounts due by one govern- 
ment agency to a contractor 
might be offset' against pay- 
ments due by that same 
contractor to a different agen- 
cy. This could result in consid- 
erable administrative savings. 

Fan! Simpson 

The author, who is a solicitor 
with Clifford-Turner. has 
worked in Saudi Arabia for 
three years. 

*f#*V*i? Mr ' 


Mi* tt£Sr 

y v'jjg : V*' 1 /* 

. vf fiftt&i- 

rfafon tower designed by Pierre Caidhrlnftiyaift 

Extra millions 

health service 

TTLe 1 

Special services 
and the best 

medical brains 

In tandem with this rise in 
spending, there has been a 
growing awareness that cost 
effectiveness must govern 
health care management more 
so than in the past As a result, 
hospital management con- 
tracts..for example, have been 
whittled down by as much as 
50 to 75 per cent in the . last 
three to four years. This has 
had the effect of encouraging 
local Saudi companies, such 
as Saudi Medical Services 


At present Saudi Arabia is 
in the midst of the third phase, 
which began with this decade. 
There has been a push towards 
more advanced equipment of- 
fering specialized services and 
the employing of the . best 
medical .(and non-medical) 
brains available — including 
Saudis who have qualified 
abroad and locally from the 
th ree main medical schools in 
Jeddah, Riyadh and Dam- 


(SMS) and General Arabian Despite these advances, a 
Medical and Allied Services number of major problems is 
(GAMA), to tender, while at in need ' of attention: many 

the same time forcing foreign 
firms to be more competitive. 

. . . y ... 

,V ■> ' y '" 

7 " ; v . •/' ' ' ‘t i+s i-F-H- • f + *. : • • +•• 

V".,. .j • ... ■ • 

tisssr S**.: 

GAMA for instance, is re- 

ported to have. earned more 
than 1 .D 00 million riyals 

rtS7 mTTltnvtl In fV>( 

parasitic infectious disea^s 
such as malaria, scfatslosomu- 
sis. ffliariasis and TB.arc still 
common. The high incidence 
of trachoma is primarily- to-' 
sponsible for Saudi Arabia^ 

" ir -.Wig 

past five to six years and SMS. 
among other things. recently 
obtained the contract to man- 
age the Al Antal Hospital m 

blindness in the world, al- 
though preventive pro- 
grammes are now helpmg’to 
reduce its .occurrence. - -^7 

Well and wall: Part of the Saudi exhibition at Olympia 

The desert comes to London 

Huge swathes of material veil 
the 19th century iron and glass 
of the Grand Hall of Olympia 
in West London. Beneath 
them you are transported to 
Arabia before the advent of 

Replicas of the crenellated 
mud walls and towers of old 
Riyadh snake around the cen- 
tre of the hall. To the right lies 
an oasis, with palm trees, a 
well, a black Bedouin tent and 

About ten tons of desert 
sand have been flown in from 
Saudi Arabia. However, even 
Saudi prodigality did- not . 
stretch to exporting the full 1 
amount necessary and some of 
the British variety is being , 
used underneath. 

Quarantine regulations pre- 
vented the import of drome- 
daries and falcons. The 
anjmals come from 
Chipperfielcfs Circus. The 
birds carry Saudi colours but 
their handlers are in English 
costume. One of them is called 
Jim Chick. 

From traditional Saudi Ara- 
bia the visitor proceeds to 
Riyadh in the 1980s as trans- 
formed by oil money. Under a 
large domed structure the 
skyline of the town is illumi- 
nated to show how it appears 
at different times of the day. 
from the pearly white of dawn, 
through the harsh brilliance of ; 
noon, to the purple of sunset i 
The whole display takes about 
IS minutes. Under the dome 
there are also models of 
Riyadh's modem buildings. 

Elsewhere in the hail visi- 
tors can watch a laser display 
and drink Arab tea. 

The exhibition, -which is 
called “Riyadh Yesterday and 
Today", is designed by Jasper 
Jacob. One of the builders is 
Kimpton Walker, who did the 
elaborate set of Starlight Ex- 
press. the Lloyd-Webber musi- 
cal on roller skates. 

The cost of staging the 
exhibition is not being re- 
vealed but obviously runs into 
millions of pounds. The Sau- 
dis have already carried out a 
similar operation, but on a 
smaller scale, in West Germa- 
ny in an attempt to explain 
their history and. modern, 
transformation to the West. 

This 500-bed acute hospital 
boasts high technology such as 
a kidney lithotripter, CT 
(computerized tomography ) 
and MR (Magnetic Reso- 
nance) scanners. In addition 
to this, there is a satellite link 
to allow consultations with 
specialists from leading teach- 
ing hospitals around the 

Such advances m health maintain such /a well devd-- 
care have come about over the oped health care systematic *■$'■ 
k® 25 y«“S; as it was in the highest possible level while-at 
early 1960s that fer-sighted . the same .time . moving 
ptannere then sawihe need for wards greater integration be- X 
an integrated network of tween aU the medical bodies, v 
health and social services both - . NR ' ' 

The Saudi Ministry of 
Health basset up a kingdom- 
wide network- -of. infectious; 
disease centres arid has also : 

encouraged -.other . bodies, such" ^- 

as the Saudi Arabian NattoiaaL. 7 
Council of Science and Tech- - 
nology, to’ look into, among -' '-j 
other things, the prevalence of, / 
genetic diseases such as sickle * 

' cell anaemia and t halatwirit 1 
, On the organizational front. | 
the - main -challenge , is -tor - 1 

f his ad\ 


Simon Scott Plummer 

an integrated network of 
health and social services both 

Cable and 

wishes all 





A desert fantasy comes to life 
in concrete and high tech 

,io in Ri 

nto the 

r. v-lL “"“kwm to- 

ra *K ftiih |» 
.'"* ‘Sic Arab 
‘.nrc-.unatdy ihev bosn. 
wi ’*eil equipped 
; •"'■ ' / i saw the onset ef 

• Vu.oc phase of tig 
V •' ' r 5 !v ' T - **T»b bigger af 

• r i.a&uls being cot 
■.‘x:ci :r.*ou£houi ihc t% 
~ SSI^ea^hospohm 
■ - 5 — •• tns Si^fh^ggj 

!*".*•& n'oblenoihaibd 

• " cvpenenasd inihefks 
-v v -- grtdialh ironed 

• i. t^vlrc cane io be 

■=-' ;-^icid 2w wife 

: ■•'■i hosier? mad 

Special sera* 
and the best 
medical brains 

S Tho flight io 
Riyadh begins 
with a reading 
from the Ko- 
p^ran. It is punc- 
(uaicd with 
* cups of 

voured coffee and mint tea. It 
ends with a gentle approach m 
a black velvet sky to an airport 
hkc no other in the world. 

King Khalid Airport’s four 
terminals arc Arabic in style, 
elegant and spectacular, clus- 
tered around a -.mosque for 
5.000 worshippers. 

Here on the edge of the 
desert is the gateway to a city 
that Ha -a reflection of a 
traditional .way of life wedded 
to uniniagtncd petro-riches. 
spanning the Middle Ages and 
the 2lst century. 

The story of Riyadh is an 
impossibly romantic one. 
linked with the rise of a man 
or the desert who became king 
and gave real meaning to the 
« word dynasty. Riyadh's name 
means The Gardens, which 
described its. proliferation of 
palm trees and other vegeta- 
tion 'made 'possible by a good 
underground' water supply. It 
was thus ' one of the few 
naturally fertile areas in the 
heart of the Najd. the high- 
lands that form the centre of 
Saudi Arabia. . 

In the ISth century it was 
pan of the first Saudi state. 
But in the last quarter of the 
19th century the' House of 
Saud .was dislodged from Ri- 
yadh' and ft played a minor 
role in Arabian life until the 
emergence of a charismatic 
figure- Abdul Aziz, whose 
father had to flee Riyadh and 
settle in Kuwait .As a teenage 
. boylte declared: “I shall rule 
' ovc^ Arabia.” 

Ealrly in 1902. Abdul Aziz, 
then only 22, returned to 
Riyadh. ‘an isolated desert 
settlement reached only by 
camel' trails.' and with 40 
relatives and friends stormed 
the Masmak fort. 

Today this fon is pre- 
served- as a memorial to the 
acr of -faith which led to the 
creation of a modem capital 
after the new Saudi state was 
proclaimed in : 1932. 

Riyadh^ still a mud-walled 
ciiybiHjr30 years ago. now has ' 
a population of a million and a 
half r- half as much -again as 
. BirrriHigham.Ttsdev61opment 
f has been-inftuehced largely by ■ 

the Islamic traditions of Saudi 
society and government. 

The eight-lane highways 
leading out to the desert, the 
high-rise hotels and the com- 
plicated geometry of urban 
development give more than a 
him of Los Angeles. Florida 
and Texas — and there is a 
flavour of Beverly Hills in the 
spreading northern suburbs. 

Riyadh is spectacular. The 
riches of Arabia have brought 
together the best of architects 
and designers from the west- 
ern world, the finest of Italian 
marble and Spanish ceramics, 
and American. British and 
Japanese technology to pro- 
duce palaces of learning, 
medicine, technology and 

Nevertheless. Saudis at all 
levels of society in Riyadh 
maintain that they are still a 
desert people. At weekends 
families will ride out of town 
in their Daisuns and Toyotas 
to spend an hour or two at 
desert picnic sites. The well- 
to-do keep farms or second 
homes in the oases. Camel and 
horse racing remains popular, 
but the fashionable pursuit is 
sand-dune skiing. 

The men wear the robes and 
head-dresses of their forefa- 
thers. The women wear the 
veil. They may now shop at 
the supermarket for washing 
powder and Coke, but the 


tailors sitting cross-legged 
stitching traditional garments 
in the souk still have ihoir 
devoted customers. Above all. 
the people are devout — there 
arc 320 mosques in Riyadh. 

It is natural, then, that the 
grand new buildings reflect 
devotion to Islam, tradition 
and the desert. Vast tented 
shapes dominate new devel- 
opments such as the 70.000- 
scat international stadium. 
Interiors reveal breathtaking 
Islamic design. 

The Television Centre 
boasts what must be the first 
“designer** TV tower. The 
Arabic shapes on the marble- 
covered base suggest tents in 
the desert. The designer was 
Pierre Cardin. 

One of the ironies of this 
city is that, created from the 
riches of oil revenue, it is to 
benefit from the country's 
determination to be ahead of 
the world in solar energy 
development. Already the 
Saudis are talking of lighting 
not only the streets of Riyadh 
but all their major highways 
by solar energy. 

Abdullah al Nuaira. the 
mayor of Riyadh, has seen the 
literal greening of the city 
during his 10 years in office. 
Hundreds of thousands of 
trees have been imported to 
provide shade and colour for 
the streets and parks. House- 

•. -—-i' 

Riyadh's mayor,. Abdullah al Nuaim: The city of the 
. wilderness has been greened 

holders have been encouraged 
by the gift of trees to plant 
them in their gardens. 

Water supply has kept pace 
with demand by the laying of 
pipelines across the desert 
from desalination plants on 
the coast. 

"We haw beaten the 
desert.” says the mayor in his 
office in the old part of the 
city. But the obsession with h 
persists. "If you go 400 metres 
from this office to the old gate 
you arc already in the desert.” 

Can the city expand further? 
”W C have developed enough.” 
said the mayor. “I do not want 
to sec the city grow any 
bigger.” Is there anything 
more he could wish for in 
Riyadh? “More trees. We 
cannot have too many.” 

Not far away from the 
mayor's office. King Aziz ibn 
Saud lived in a modest palace. 
Like many of the mud-walled 
buildings of the old city, it is 
preserved for posterity. It was 
his home for the last years of 
his reign. Wandering among 
iho overstufled chairs and 
ancient muskets that probably 
helped to overcome the fon. 
>i is hard to realize that 
the present king is only one 
generation removed from the 
formidable old desert warrior. 

The guide will point affec- 
tionately to the little electric 
lift which the old man agreed 
io install to lake him the one 
floor up to his own quarters 
when his strength began to 
fail. But there is another 
intriguing little item silling on 
a polished table next to his 
favourite chair. It is symbolic 
of his years of power — a 
simple old wind-up telephone 
that must have been privy to a 
host of international secrets. 

Ibn Saud saw and encour- 
aged the introduction of the 
telephone, the wireless, the 
motor car. the aeroplane, elec- 
tricity and. mosi significant of 
all. the exploitation of 
Arabia's oil resources. 

His son. Prince Salman, 
brother of the king and gover- 
nor of Riyadh, says: “When 
some of these things were 
introduced, there was great 
opposition: to some they 
seemed so strange at the time. 
Yet he accepted them.” The 
prince has no doubt that the 
new Riyadh would have de- 
lighted his father. 

Alan Jenkins 



Like a sleeping snake, the Diplomatic Club, built of the local pink stone on the rocky edge of the Wadi Hanifah. The tw o 
sections attached to its walls are huge canvas tents. Inside the courtyard is a bower with a fountain, covered by a glass tent 

The new city just for diplomats 

Riyadh is the world’s first 
capital to build a new dty for 
its diplomatic community. On 
completion, the Diplomatic 
Quarter, or DQ as it is known, 
will be a small town of about 
30,000 people bousing 120 
diplomatic missions and the 
diplomats’ families. 

Every conceivable facility 
except churches and pubs has 
been provided. The sports dnb 
has two indoor swimming 
pools, one Olympic-size and 
one outdoor with a wave- 
making machine, an artificial 
beach and a built-in whirlpool 

There are tennis, squash 
and badminton courts, a jog- 
ging path which will be largely 
tree-covered and will run 
around the city perimenter, 
community and shopping cen- 
tres, restaurants and 

The quarter gives an over- 
whelming impression of ele- 
gance and style in brick, stone 
or marble. The concrete is all 
covered and there is not a 
plastic seat in sight. 

AH is wood outside and 
leather or fabric inside. It has 
cost nearly £1 billion so far. . 

One has only to walk a little 
way outside it into the stony 
arid desert to realize the 
Herculean task of building 
this city in such a land so 
quickly. Everything except, of 
course, the saud has had to be 
brought in, most of it from 

On land where nothing grew 
there are nearly 8.000 trees, 
all watered by an underground 
irrigation system operated by 

Soon to open is (he Diplo- 
matic Club, an extraordinary 

Once-arid land 
bears 8,000 trees 

curving castle in the local 
warm pink stone on the rocky 
edge of the Wadi Hanifah. It 
looks like a sleeping snake 
from the air. Attached to its 
walls are two huge canvas 
tents and inside the courtyard 
is a restful bower with a 
fountain, covered by a tent of 
vividly painted glass. 

A garden runs along the far 
edge of the Wadi, about a 
quarter of a mile away, with 
covered walks meeting in more ' 

little pagoda-like bowers, each 
with seats and a fountain. 
Further back is the interna- 
tional school, with room for 
1.500 pupils. 

Along the two main avenues 
con ing across the city are the 
embassies. The .Americans 
have built the biggest, a Fort 
Laramie in stone. The Japa- 
nese have a graceful window- 
less structure with curving 

Kuwait has a beautiful block 
in white stone with stretched 
arches running its full height. 

The Kenyans have an 
elegant little building based on 
the local najd style, with 
inverted stepped arches. 

In the midst of this display 
■of the nations’ finest architec- 
ture, Britain has dumped a 
.social-security office in pale 
brown. It is no! yet complete 
because (he British builders 
left before it was finished. 
Everyone is ashamed of its 
cardboard-box style and the 
Saudis are said to be 
embarrassed. ... 

The diplomats are reported 
to have grumbled at haying to 
leave Jeddah, where, the sea 

and the more relaxed atmo- 
sphere made life more attrac- 
tive than in the austere city of 
Riyadh. There was a sugges- 
tion (hat they would have a 
little more latitude in (heir own 
quarter but no churches are to 
be allowed and the ban re- 
mains on alcohol outside dip- 
lomatic territory'. 

The guide stresses that the 
DQ is not a separate village, 
that Saudis will not be barred 
from visiting it and that it is 
fully integrated with the rest of 
the city. 

Patrol cars at 
both entrances 

However, it lies beyond the 
palaces and villas on the city's 
outskirts. It is surrounded by a 
huge bank of earth which gives 
the flat desert landscape some 
feature but which also has 
defensive qualities. 

The whole area could ite 
easily sealed off aniT even now 
there are patrol cars at both 

This advertisement is donated by the Committee of “ Riyadh - Yesterday and Today” - Olympia, July 30 to August 10 

Wildlife Appeal 


Please send your donation - however small - to the 
address below. If you would like more details of our 
Appeal - including other ways in which you could help - 
please tick the appropriate boxes. 

I enclose my donation 


164 Vauxhall Bridge Road, London SW1V 2RB. 

Tel: (01) 828 1657 



Tel. No 

Please also send me details of the following: 

■The full Appeal Pack including details of legacies, 
covenants, company sponsorship and other ways, of sup- 
porting the Appeal. □ 

■Information on my local Nature Conservation Trust 
intru ding membership form.D 

Please note that you may, if you wish, designate which 
area(s) you would like your gift to benefit. Please indicate 
your preference here. 








£12,000 + CAR 

Simpsons offer one-fixed price conveyancing in the Thames 
Valley- We market ourselves aggressively and project a high 
profile. We are successful and pride ourselves on the quality 
of service we provide our clients. 

As a result of our success we now need more Conveyancers 
and Solicitors who have a good grounding in domestic 

If you feel you have the experience, a smart appearance and 
the confidence to look at a fresh approach to Conveyancing, 
you could enjoy excellent future career and salary prospects 
with us. 

For further details write with full CV to the Personnel Dept- 
at the address below. 

5 Market Place, Wokingham, Berks, BG11 IAL 



in the “Garden of England” 

£11,850 to £1M53 (annual pay award perfng) 


A small specialist team. A 



As a rcsnl* of timber expansion ©f ibc office of ihe Chief Pnseon- 
im Solicitor, and m anuripuion of its incorporation into the new 
Crown Prosecution Service, apptiaiio* arc invited from solid, 
un and termers with experience of Magistrates' Cowl 
advocacy. Recently qualified lawyers with Irak or no nmo knee 
m advocacy will he errosdesed and loiidKre or terratm expeev 
mg to be admitted or oOed shortly arc also invited u apply. 

a(vrfkaan will te adted w wk from eocof five offices 
m Kent mhiaUy but after the IS October 1986 when the Crown 
ProsccoiioB Service comes into beta* in Kent will be ahooicd as 
Crown Prosecutors either to Maidstone, Medway or Fotteaone. 
ThcrcaUcr there are prospects of promotion to the Senior Crown 
Prosecutor grade (current maximum £19,495), a full driving 
(knee is csonliaL 

At Rowe & Maw we have a very personal 
approach to our dents' needs. 

Our construction industry clientele has grown 
significantly in recent years. We have 
responded overeating srnallpartneMed_ 
groups within our construction law litigation 

department - - 

We now have a need for a sofirit o/'tojo in one 
of the groups which manages sjtastantial _ 
contentious business. There is the opportunity 

towork on both a wide range of matters and: 
develop your specialist knowledge. ■ 

We would like to meet thasewho havean i ■ 
interest in and ©cperienceofthisafeaof work. 
We would altov^cbfne.applkattcvisfro =• 
those abobt to qualify, i .:- 1 . 

To arrange an earfydisqfision; pfeasewrite. ■ 
witha v^- *■ C‘. : \\ 
Graham : Bjrnei 7 Rowq& Maw, 20 Black Friars 
tane; London E04tf 6HD. • ■ 

If you would like farther informal ion. ring Richard Crabb. Chief 
Prosecuting Sobntor. on Matdaone (042) 686425. 

Further details and application form, returnable by llih Angus, 

County Hall, 
Maidstone, ME14 1XQ. 
Telephone: Maidstone 671411 xt 3305 
Closing Date: 11 Angnst 1986 
Reference: C/OS 1/889 



Appleby, Spurling & Kempe, one of the largest law 
firms in Bermuda, requires a qualified Legal 
Librarian to be responsible for the overall 
administration of its library and related services. 
These include lexis, microfilming, central filing and 
vault records, assisting with legal research, and 
supervising a staff of five. Setting up a central 
precedent system and an information bank for the 
firm will be a priority. Knowledge of computer- 
assisted retrieval systems and experience in a law 
library are essential. 

Excellent commencing salary and staff benefits. 

Please send full career details to: 

The General Manager, Appleby, Spurling & Kempe, 
P0 Box HM 1179, Hamilton 5, Bermuda. 



Negotiable - 
Up to £15£8S pjl 
(Fay Increase Pending) 


The District is situated in the southern half e 
Hertford and Worcester and set in beautrful 
countryside- the centrepiece beingtheMafoet 
Hills yvkidi are designated an area of 
outstanding natural beautv .. Excellent road 

(M5/M50) and rad links provide easy access to ■ 
at parts of England 'and Wales.-. 


Assistant Solicitor : 

Ref. LJ9 PO. 35-38 *1145<WE12£8S 

If you welcome t challenge then we will welcome your roirrca. 

We often 

•An ideal location - with the lovely Sooth Dowds and Sussex 
Coastline at hand - rural, yet an hour from London: 

* Pleasant, modem working conditions ra a wdMaigned 

* A generous relocation package: 

■ Car expenses for business mileage: 

* Subsidised BUPA cover: 

* Excellent pension scheme: 

1 • An active staff social dub plus subsidised sport* and recreational 

" AND a real opportunity to dev elop your skills and your man* 
agement abilities. 

nr if tn tynrfiTTg tn TWfli m tn Afanr 

writs tO: 

T. N. McFadaen - 

C /- Simpson Grierson Butler White, 
Private Baa, Wellesley Street 

The forward thinking provision of comm unity 
services coupled with an active rote m the tourism 
arid co nfere nce markets will provufc an interesting 
and cbaHengin* range of legal issues for an entageqe- 
and adaptable solicitor who has derided to make his 
or her career tn local government Duties will ipctade 
advocacy and cocnmiOee work. . 

If you bave-ort'or n*> yean 'post, qualification 
e x peri e nce this could be the job for you. However. if 
you ate newly qualified or you have com pined the 
Qualifying Examination- and your Articles will soon, 
expire, dp aw be discouraged from applyhift- 

005 m own style tqt Secretary 4 Sofiritor. 

Church Street. Malvern. Wore*. WR14 2BBL 

Write for farther detefb or tekpbawe Mm. Tar**. 
Matron 27W, exin. 262 betweea 9 JQ ana. and M 

PH: (09) 770-620 

k 7ft* Aegon 

9th StMtmhtr 

We arc looking far a comm tied professional «ttb broad exp erienc e 
of advocacy, fiugxtkra and con*vyaada$ to lead a Division. An 
important requirement is a talent for effective communication 
and probienwotving. The applicant we seek win also function well 
underpressure, meet deadlines and be flexible in his/her approach 
to working hours. ' 

Please apply in w riti n g only, quoting our ref er ence 
RJO/SAS dearly on the envelope, U*> 


Rapkfly expanding firm require Commercial Litigators with between 1-4 yrs 
admitted experience to undertake high quality work across a broad range. 
Excellent working conditions and career prospects. E15.00d-20.000. 

Alexander Advertising 
(International) limited, 
68 High Street 
Oxon, 0X10 OXF. 

(Ail replies vrifl be treated in strict confidence). 

y 'i k no i 

We regrct that we are —Mr tn accept any 
Msphane npiria -t the pulita. 

Expanding City based Securities House requires a young lawyer to act as 
in-house legal advisor primarily concerned with Bond Issues. Relevant 
experience preferred but wffl consider Company /Commercial or Corporate 
Finance background. Salary c£20,000 plus benefits. 


Opportunity for caHbre lawyer until pensions ex- 
perience at major City practice. Exc ell ent ca r e er 


Leading Central London practice seeks Private 
Cfient lawyer of around 1 years POE tar qualty 
w or M oad 



TO £18 X 

Able conveyancer of up to 4 years POE for prest- 
igious City practice. Too aunty caseload. 

igfous City practice. Top quality caseload. 

TAX £ Significant 

Private and Corporate workload as Assistant to 
senior Partner in renowned City practice. Excel- 
lent opportunity for ambfoous lawyer of up to 3 

Xjgw 'Personnel •§? 


Newly or recently qualified sofidtors required to fill vacancies in medium 
sized Central London practices. Positions offer attractive salaries and 

good prospects for those wishing to concentrate their careers in either 
Commercial or Domestic Conveyancing. 

Commercial or Domestic Conveyancing. 

For details of the above vacancies please call JOHN VEALE on 
588 9887 or send C.V. m complete confidence to: 

6 Broad Street Mac# 

Bio— Hol d Stroot 





We lately need a SoCkaUr for Rnirtnirial Cum 
who can work under m i nimum supervision. We i 
auijtfi *e «h«y and geefle nt wotting condiriomt 
prow wti for ihe —fii ap iwaal 

Telephone: 01-404 4114 

Meredith Scott 


Softctor, kteaBy up to 6 yrs experience In or out of 
London, tar well known EC2 practice. 


Fleet SL practice seeks Solicitor rrin. 2 yrs admitted. 


Solicitor, with preferably at least 2 yrs Local Govt 
experience for EC3 practice. 


ADMITTED To (£15,800 

Tax/Tnists ki medium sized Inns firm. 

Commercial Property for WC2 practice. 
Banking/Finance in moderate sized EG2 firm. 
Construction law Litigation tar EC4 firm. 

For further details concerning these and other 
opportunities In private practice, both in and out 
of London, contact 

Meredith Scott Recruitment 

17 Fleet Street, London EC4Y 1AA 
01-583 0055 or 01-541 3897 (after office his) f 


We are a wdl financed, highly successful and 
motivated, small but Central London practice, 
with first dass clients and quality .wort,, and an 
attitude of mind at maintaining the 

-highest standards. 

We urgently tequire:- 

1) A Commercial Conveyancer with experi- 
ence of development work. 

2) A Company/Commercial Lawyer. 

Only those with real ability and experience 
need apply and they can expect the highest 
reward including immediate partnership. 

Apply in confidence with CV to Box G20. 



Wv haw boon in pracdos (or more than 100 years. Our praetka 
is baam a donaL Both offleos o Mtw lbm are «p»xlbig rapid* 
and caraar pro sp ects aw excawre. 

WO are aredous io iwntew aMa lawyers who ftaw soma practi- 
cal exporienev and would be MaroBtad *n..pryteb ^ In eWwr 
office. TTw positions mn be pwtaibrty uSUO a «gr Sa w who 
have gained exporianceai London and art conUnnatlna rotum- 
Ing toNow ZMteid but wa wffi carofuiy consWar aB appfcaOons. 
Specific roqumnonte ore fa tea foaming am 

Autfcabons wt be rncaivmJ and daaft rotii In conOdance. a you 
are i n terested would you plane apply tewfiteg. ondoefog a 
typed curriculum vitae, by 8th August tec 

TJ% RjoIii as, U Cmti vu te, 

Boraaa, Lanttte SW13. 

u mn fm watmin leaden In AagaaL 


Required fear small friendly office. 
Preferably admitted 1 or 2 years 
but more recent considered. Gen- 
eral litigation and matrimoniai 
work. Apply in writing to: 

Ratdrffe, Duce & Gamer 
86 Rose Street 
Berkshire RG11 1XU 
Ref PH 

PAGE 12 




Wakoas & Maw, a 20-partoer City firm, seek a solici- 
tor for their commercial pr upoty department The 
work ia d emandin g and diverse and invo l ve s the acqrn- 
sftkM. devdopmeot, and letting of substantial schemes. 
A good academic background and two years' first date 
experience are p re f erred. Good salat; and prospects. 

Will applicants please send their CV. ux- 

The Partnership Secretary 
Wiltons & Max 

Plantation Hoot, 31-15 Fe nchmiii Street 
London EC3M 3NN 


c. £50,000 

Senior commercial lawyer with some 
management experience required to 
head the expanding legal department of 
a well-known retail group with their 
Head Office in central London. Salary 

74 Long Lane, London EC1 Tel: 014506 9371 


Require an ambitious young sotidior with at j«sl one 
years post qualification experience to assist in a sub- 
stantial domestic and commercial conveyancing 
practice. Ability to work under pressure whilst retaining 
a sense of humour will be rewarded with a very attrac- 
tive salary and real partnership prospects. Please apjxy 
to Mr Ronald Nathan, at Ronald Nathan md Co. 
Fairchild House. Rcdboume Avenue. Fuichiey Nj 

01-346 7741 

Staff specialists to the legal profession worldwide. 
95 Aldwych. London WC2B 4JF. Tel: 01-242 1281 
(ansaphone after office hours) 



(admitted or unadmitted) to 
variety of conveyancing work. Salary 


The Times cofamns am read % 

XJmBfios of tbeVrostafflw^ people in die 
country. The foflowmg categories appear 
regnteiy each and are generally •' 
accompanied Ify relevant edjtoria) attkk^ 
Use the coupon <bekw), aud fekl eat haw 
ea$y,fast and economical itis to advertise in 
The Tlnies Classified. 



We are seeking a Solicitor of maturity and 
experience to head our Probate and Trust 
Dept The salary will be substantial, and 
eariy partnership prospects will be open, to 
the right applicant 

We are a medium-sized firm, established for 
some 80 years in this pleasant Cathedral 

Apply;- Alan Coates 

The Mansion, 

1, St Peter’s Street, 

St Albans AL1 3DJ. 

yean won mrety H si tfa rd 
oMBUnr town flna lo fill , 000 - 
Miry Man Accord P i n wwnrt 
0936 816806. 

cml umrmam tactaBae 

CtaranrrdxJ. E s t lWWw d M» 
dieter mre to fil^oa wry 
6 UU Accord Personnel 093 a 
B 16506. 

tmOATfOH Otilll M MW 

cneser CKy CTOJ 
Matrimonial tom- ooooa 
M» Min. Accara rLrj c nn i l 
0936 B 16606. 

Education: University Appointments, Prep & 
Public Sdiool Appointments, Educational 
Courses, Scholarsiups and JRriI6«ships. ; 

La Creme de la Ccmne and other secretarial' 


Computer Horizons: Computer Appoint^ 
meats with editoriaL - ■■■' 

Legal Appointments^ Sotiators, Com- ; ' 
mercial Lawyers, Legal^ Officers, Private^ 
Public Practise. . 

Legal La Creme for top legal secretaries. . ; 
Pune Sector Appointments. - .y ’£ 


La Oeme de la Creme arid oriier secrebps^ 

Property: Residential, Town & Country; 
Overseas, Rentals, with editorial . 

Antiques and Collectables. 


General Appomtments; Marragement.^j 
Execmive appomtments with eStoriaL 
La Creme de la Creme and other sectotigral 
appomtments. '..-'3*5 


Motors: A complete car buyer’s guide: 
editoriaL- i 

franchises etc. with editoriaL 
Resfssustet Guide. 


js^tied colnmnsafiarfki 
hi' most affluent peo^ite 
inUomin? categories tpt 
week and aie “tomb 
•n telei-3ni 
»n i below i. and find (rt ta 
.■CjjQomkal it is w startsi 


■■iiT*:!'- AnviEBM®.^ 

v -rv '-irrenL 1 -. Eduo® 

Civim*i"d other sea® 

uri /on*: G’fflp 0 ® 

!.« . 

iniKnts: ScJ^R. 


lHh llMfcS A UfcSPAY JULY >y lysb 


A» Idbwfaj achcnsenxsti 
«• be mewed by ttfcp*»c 

dwdfme i& 500pm 2 (tew mat 

diy. for lLcdttesdayi, Should 
yon wab to send an odvenue- 
nm m wnuogpte ne 

2®2^22* ***** "umber. 

S2 ™g» semnccsoe- 

If yoa have n, 
Steen** • r problem rdihn u> 
y our jda naanail once ii bas 
ppeued . jlcasc contact oar 
uM»n» Street Dqnronem 
by telephone on 01-481 4100. 


*9 T "Win. August «d. 
S»»d otwe* rotextng « our 
mvaw ikm hotel. urn « 
week mmlng on our yMl Cor 
«B0 W m, WB ||« 
w/so ons. ottMr MiMMeng 
0«~. Ol 3Bb 1006. 



HUnOcnU-WHy Birthday 

gmgyoar IHadtU mcraamy 

01-494 0T34 J uottcr Travel. 

u t c. open sat. eras asms. 

WTdrtL 01 08S 9237. IATA. 

M OW*. 01 7M S191. ATDL 


*™» WCOAUim Key 
Troy* *»■ *•*« U*» ST. WCl. 
Ol 406 l«6. APTA/1ATA. 





LetingA Manayriucm 

01- 351 7767 



The following degi 
been conferred ai H; 


L / tl g N4l,.| 



f. - y, 

T ' “ 'i' 


M02 . 2 b sd roqms d M floor Oat 
wtta og mod con*, own two. 
Mno- £ 180.00 nan mImiu- 
WUo. Teu 01-740 6799 WW 7 

Wl. Ncwty Mfiou flat 2 munOii. 
Ja« «-2<M Beds, raw. ftu a 
boro, mower rm. w/macu. eoi 
T.V. MC. £226 o.L7«j3 


TAKE TSK OFF lo Para. Am- 











Mhcn ahreys supply 3 tat doss 
Mta. even at Dm last mmda. We 
haw proMiy the fmest sotachon 
In the Mmarrmon. on Corfu, 
Crete. Paros. Aloaree. South ol 
France, Ally - on ow MadiotwOi 
mol M have mam. some a coot 
Frees? From the very expensive to 
the surprangly modestl. 

a Catena s W~? 

LoTOm 5W3 2PR 
81-581 8851 / 81-584 MB 
(589 0132 - 24 hr 



KUMAVU highly recotixnnul- 
td mews home interior 
— te am wtea areal tnxtc. 3 
bed*. 2 recent. 2 noun. Super 
Ml - Ml nncMnes. oarage. Go 
kmo let CABO bw 
G oddard & Srana 01-930 7321 

•mCATHAM MU magnificent 
pvt around*. Off SL parking. 
haiL large Air bedroom, bam. 
WC. naan ku. lounae. easy 
travel w/end and CHy. £362 
PCtn. Reft regd- Ol- 672 C294 

vkmi uo Rental n optima in 
cciurai south and wext London 
area* for wmbh apgmntLm- 
221 8838. 

SW4. Near Tube. Srtf-cmtolnM 
Barden flu. Central Heating. 
Double- bed Knchm/nmmo 

Large rrceptloo £76 per week. 
Tel Mrs Kill. 01422 6704. 

CMXSCA INI GTnd floor limy 
furn flat l bed. snung rm. It 4 
b. uteafodn EWpwna Co 
lei. Ol 937 7693 or 362 4727 

DULWICH. Well fum 6 rgdppM 
mod nunonefle 3 beds. eor 
One ten. GM Ctl. £11Q pw.Tel 
JW Lid Ol 949 2462. 

LCHM/SHOHT LIT properun 
from £l0O‘£5.000pw. Penanal 
S ervice 01-468 3680 or OSSdr 
692824 anytime <T). 

VWTOIHASWl.SU«nt«d heart of 
victoria. 2/3 bed rui in well 
mauwatned block £226 pu Inc 
dm. Trl JW Lid Ol 949 2482. 

WANTED 1/2 Br. West i ~~t~. 
Responsible couple £xr rets, 
uw agent Ma) ai 262 9667 

WANTED Superior proorraeg for 
long/snort Co lets. 01-468 3680 
or 0836 692824 anytUnc (TX 

cm nwss. Leg mml 41 tbe- 
Mn And apart, td 63i 3ns 
. 637 1716. AM motor cram 

rot. Bggaofld oondnon. Tel 
O61 223O«8J/0fH2S|«S7|W. 


50» rt» Ptwnpchl S ate 
teo im droteys. Up to 40% 
off Naff 4 ote tisitey as*- 
aoces - otters subjoct to 
mUbHV. . 



Ta 01-351 1616 




Wool res Barbara Ann £3.95 per 
SO yd + VKT. BOX worf Heavy 
Domartc WBten £085 own yd 
+ VAT. Coriaptast tees &75 par 
sqyd + VAT & mny other gnat 

mtaJei wb . 

548 Fdkam RoaA 
Pantas^nu, SW& 
Tefc 01-736 7551 


Tolley's % 

Company Car 
Tax Guide 





■«- Lowest lares fr £99. 
BMts. 736 8193. Alol 1099. 

■UVFAM APMy dntgned 2 
bed flat in small block wiw lift, 
brand new Ml ■ all machines, 
both & shower. Co long let 
£480 pw Goddard 6 Snum oi- 
930 7321 



Now available from 
WH Smith and all 
good bookshops 

TMey House, 17 ScartmokRd, 
Croydon, Surrey CRO ISO 
Telephone: 01-686 9141 


taMtei ku cast H^b 
Ttet heat •idsccn grave II 
115.880 dtsstc timet 1970 

(OVAL MO UL TOH Toby Juop. 
ngurHoa wtaMi, pc. wani- 
«*- Ol 883 0024. 



Eonm/USA Funs 01-937 5400 
Long Had Fl#ss 01-013 1515 
IsTBastaesj OSM Dl 938 3444 
Govenunent Licensad/Bonded 
1ST* IATA A10L 1458 




^ - 



Together we can beat iL 

ttfe fund over one ihinl of 

all research. into the preven- 
. non and cure of cancer in 
the UK t . 

Help us by sending a dona- 
nonor maJce a legacy io; 

Cancer IB 
Reseaw^i V* 

2 Carhnn Houvl- T errace. 

|tV|U 11 M-.l.nndnnSW|Y 5AB 

Tel 01 441 0122 24hr. 


JoUBOrfte Hf ^ 

Sf ™ 1 

Lagos £-40 t360 


Bam** £220 £3| 

DoW «lTa «MT»g «* 


Nniubi, Jo’Bnrfc Cram, Dohai, 
Istanbul, SinCTore. JLL Delhi, 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney, 
Europe. & The Americas. 
Iterate* Travel. 

76 Sta ft esbmy A«tw 
Ltodoa W1V 7DC. 
01-439 0102 

Open Sttwiky 1M6-1X4M 

Fly Savely 

July August flights to 



01-995 3883/4/5 
Simply Fly 

ATOL 1*22 

The mojr beautiful place | 
Uou-ve never heard of.. 



Adnie a iBbraa iws an uuom 
& w» Ut. hsu M l hesa«. 
MdMf.kaHlnps BBq'sltbtan Ry 
dud w sobs, coupleb u MuHe. 



01 441 0122^ 


ceani vaut w, mu haw 
availability Sunday 1024211 

am Bar 2 «m. Hewanu vun 

nr Ow beach a* Galwick. Pan 
World Hobdays. Ol 734 2862 
B0CT4X UnspulW Manas. C h tap 
IHOMB. vma tmtats etc. 3Ma 
Holidays. 01 434 1647. AM 

HO M C 8 Lux apart liola flam 
C109PP. 30/7. 6/8. Steams. 
0708 862814. 


Matauflceni view ath floor su- 
perior matsaneos — “'■■"r 

betM. lounge- during room. fuUy 
andpptd kitchen. Available 
NOW £178 pw. Co Let. 
FULHAM 8W8. Amazing 2 bed 
flat. Shower fn anlta. Large 
open Man lounge, bam. flrity fil- 
led Htenen won an apgM an c e s. 
parking facility, lan dsc ap e gdn. 
Available 1st August £180 pw. 
244 7383. 

CMMWICK. Brand MW ctsnver- 
■ton nearTumliani Green tube. 
An new decor and funnming 3 
beds, raceattan. K A B wun 
shower, gdn front and back, 
can. TeL C138PW 244 7353. 
KAHLA COtMT UHL Attractive 

2 ben flat I nun from tube. 
Large lounga. fUBy BttM kttch- 
on. pamroam. OL phone. Suit 

3 profenknudb. Avattabtc NOW. 
CJ85 PW. 244 7383. 

KMNamamMZ. snacmia t 

bed tat floor balcony rial m gar- 
den sgusre. Llvtn* rm. kfidwn. 
bam. ufflUy. Fufl CH. Ideal Op 
1 st for smgM person. £186 pw. 
073081 8367 or Ol 881 6870. 
I dOte. bad DaL Ideal location 
dote tube. DMe. Mased. newly 
MrnMwd to a vety Mgh stan- 
dard. Go. Let Available NOW 
£130 pw- 944 7383. 
FAMOML 4MDDM Very large 
family house ovenooUng Com- 
mon. Bwnorutty decorated. 
Avail unfurn wtm carpets, cur- 
Mns * aP machines- CUOpw. 
Buc h a n a n s 351 7767. 

CAUHQ rawetmw * M M 2 
mins from Baling Con so on 
tram. Gdn. CH. sirit young pn>- 
fmonals. Available NOW 
£160 bW 944 7353. 

character flai In mansion block. 
4 Beds. 2 Recent. Reduced Ur 
Quick let. £296ow me. CCS Es- 
tates 431 2568. 

AMERICAN BANK urgently re- 
quires luxury runs and houses 
from £200 - £ pw. Ring 
Burgrss EsUle Agents fiat 6136 

AVAHJUKJt HOW Luxury flats A 
houses Chelsea. Knlghisbndge. 
■Moravia. £200£2.000pw. 
TeL- Burprss 681 8136. 

»W* Modem House in oood toca- 
ana. 3 O lds. DMe Re c eg Oon.Kft 
+ 2 Bamrras. CSTBpw. Allen 
Bates A Co 499 1666. 

MT Nil The numoer lo remem- 
ber when seskmo best rental 
properties bi central and prime 
London areas £l50/£2000pw. 

W* Superb new 2 Bedroom flal m 
block. Dble Reccn. FuBy Frit 
KB. 2 Baths. Balcony- JMOOpw. 
ABcn Bates 4 Co 499 1665. 

W1 Newly convened Mews fteL 
2 B edroo ms . I Rtcep.KAB.Om- 
Doe style. £2SOpw. Aben Bales 
A Co 499 1666. 

CHELSEA tenmar lux ftsL balco- 
ny. dble bed. rtccM. HR. porter, 
£196 pw. Long ML 622 6829. 

kitchen, from £40 pw 01-606 
7576 Rental Guide 

A rite, a pool and a liuaullftd 
view. Whal mane canid you 

stay m Venice. Florence or 
R om e. Free brochure Don 
Magic Of Italy. Dept T. 47 Shep- 
herds Utah Own. W12 8PS 
Tol: 01 749 7449 CM fan 




BA — It LA. Lax vfllas with 
POOH. AvaM July to 00.01409 
283S. voraworid. 


Andre Lanauvrc. oi 491 7822. 


nM - Unkme period 
s/c fiat In htsrawc wtekawenn. 
SUS 4. <060982) 9681/4949 



MUEa *T SW3 Lge comer pas 
F/H Me. 3/4 beds. 21* bams, m 
ut- Own nos— abl Gdn A 
Goe. £3 60 .000. 01 884 1082. 

— — LL Az Studio fiaL next 
Gkol How. GO m sea. £18/000. 
T M- J14W1065 


c ow nei w FHC. IS. met so—, 
special ini- 67.000 m- OutaLmd- 
tng. £1^600. 0272 678646 


MMTHDt KALLtSTA :ia red. 
Feb 84. 21000 mis. ££.960. 
T«Lt0936Si 5609 (eve.w/enda) 






Mercedes Benz main 
dealers. Underwriters 
for late and low mi le- 
ase Mercedes. 





Munich, Munich, Munich ! ) 

Special offer only £79 return / 

Price indusive of all Airportand / rwgj 
Security taxes. /A 

Plus flights to all the other main ^ 

German destinations. / c= ?i 


3 DAYS! 

To place your 

L • i O ] ; K 


Trade edvertuere please 

01-481 4422 . 

Pr ivate Advertiser*: 

01-481 4000 

Umt /our credtti cant# 
to piece jrawr advertising 


(at. ifiSi. Z a {Li, iSsSlS S >lz 



Prince Sky to 
provide Cole 
with a second 

cup triumph 

By Mandarin 

Prince Sky, who knocked 
almost a second off the course 
record when winning at Salis- 
bury last month, can give Paul 
Cole his second Stewards’ Cup 
success in the William Hill- 
sponsored sprint at 
Goodwood this afternoon. 

Cole, who won the race nine 
years ago with Calibina. has 
always thought a lot of this sou 
of Skyliner and was disap- 
pointed that he did not finish 
better than tenth in this year's 
Wokingham Stakes. 

Prince Sky was only beaten 
five lengths at Royal Ascot, 
though, and Cole believes he 
would have finished much 
closer but for being drawn 27 
of 28. 

The gelding vindicated that 
opinion at Salisbury just five 
days later by turning a com- 
petitive looking handicap into 
a one-horse affair, sprinting 
clear of his rivals 116 furlongs 
out to beat Miracles Take 
Time by three lengths. 

Sudden Impact (4th), Green 
Ruby (7th). Ameghino (8th), 
A! Trui (lOth)and Glen Kella 
Manx (11th) all re-oppose 
today and have little prospect 
of turning the tables. AJ Trui, 
last year's winner, was un- 
lucky in running at Salisbury 
and may come out best of this 
quintet now. 

Our Jock, second 12 
months ago. has not been 
assisted by the 1 lib rise in the 
weights overnight and bigger 
dangers to my selection may 
come from the three-year-olds 
Manion Dan, Sew High and 
Bertie Wooster. 

named whose recent form 
against Possedyno and 
Chummy's Pet bears dose 
inspection. The booking of 
Willie Carson by Lester 
Piggott is interesting, to say 
the least 

Those looking for a real 
outsider could do worse than 
support Deny River. Quoted 
at 100-1 yesterday morning, 
his form on soft going this 
spring should be ignored He 
has definite each-way claims 
on his excellent fast ground 
form last autumn. 

If he reproduces his Salis- 
bury running, though, Prince 
Sky is the one they all have to 
beat and the four-year-old is 
napped to give Richard Quinn 
another big handicap success 
following his Hunt Cup and 
Bunbury Cup triumphs on 

Dick Hem, whose record at 
this meeting over the years is 
second to none, has won four 
of the last 10 runnings of the 
Gordon Stakes and the West 
Ilsley trainer is taken to land 
the group three prize again 
today with New Trajan. 

Since beating Mashkour on 
his debut at this meeting 12 
months ago, the Troy colt has 
run several poor races but he 
returned to form at Royal 
Ascot last month when chas- 
ing home Bonhomie in the 
King Edward VII Stakes and 
now meets the subsequent 
Irish Derby runner-up on 61b 
better terms. 

Allez Milord won the Pre- 
dominate Stakes here on 
heavy ground in May but then 

I particularly like the last- disappointed when only tenth 



Televised; 2-30, 3.0, 3.40, 4.10 

Going: good to firm 

Draw: 5?-6f, high numbers best 

2.30 MOLECOMB STAKES (Group III: 2-Y-O: £18,189: 5f) (6 runners) 

105 0*1313 GEMNIHRE (D)(JDmd Abel] P FolgatB 8-12 SCatfhenl 

108 132 ZABAQ (USA) TO (HamdanAlMaktouffllH Thomson Jones 612 A Murray 2 

109 1120 M/TWOODUELTO (Nutwood FWAcity lid) EQSn 67 AMflC*vy3 

110 222321 REGENCY (D) (C Umov) R J WHbams 8-7 RCoctom* 

111 21 SAUCE DIABLE (D) (Lord PorcnustBr) W Hem 8-7 W Carson 6 

112 01 UN BELDl (USA) (D) (Sheikh Mohammed) ODomb 8-7 Pal Eddery 5 

Evens Zaibaq, 9-2 Regency FOe. 5-1 Sauce Diable, 11-2 Un Bel Di. 9-1 Gemini 

Fire. 12-1 Nutwood UL 

FORM: GEMINI FIRE (10-0) 6%l 3rd to Dutch Courage (9-0) in Kempton nursery <5f, 
£2549. firm . July Ifi. 8 ranL ZABAO (8-1 linedt 2nd of 6 to Sizzflng Mefody (8-1 1 ) af As- 
cot (5t Group 3, £20086. mti. July 1 9). NUTWOOD UL unplaced last time: previously (8- 
11) head 2nd lo Abuzz (8-11) at Epsom (5f, £5942. good, June 7, 5 ran). REGENCY 
RLJLE Ostand (51) wmner last time: previously (8-1 11 2*51 2nd to Chasing Moonbeams (6 
4) ai Newmarket (51. £7544. good. July 8. 6 ran). SAUCE DIABLE (8-1 1) beat Mis* (9-0) 
snotr head in Windsor maiden, with the 3rd 81 back (51. £1485, good to firm, June 30. 10 
ran). UN BEL DI (8-11) made al and beat Bertrade (8-11) easy 1)41 at Nottingham (51. 
£1097. firm. June 30, 8 ran). 

Selection: ZAIBAQ 

Goodwood selections 

By Mandarin 

2.30 Sauce DiabJe. 3.0 Mummy’s Favourite. 3.40 PRINCE SKY 
(nap). 4.10 New Trojan. 4.40 Solo Style. 5.10 Lucky Stone. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.30 Zaibaq. 3.0 Royal Loft. 3.40 Bertie Wooster. 4.10 Bonhomie. 

4.40 Star Cutter. 5. 10 Iosife. 

By Michael Sedy 

3.40 SEW HIGH (nap). 4.10 Allez Milord. 5.10 Iosife- 

ZJ0 OAK TREE STAKES (Fillies: £15,738: 7f) (12) 

201 133-040 EVER GENIAL (C-D) (L Fn 


203 490-0*0 CHARGE ALONG (DI 

204 4200-32 GLR)EBY(D)(MrsR 

SCauthnr*4 > 

c ,..,JWn»Br 4-9-2 PRoNm * 

204 4200-32 GLUE BY TO (Mrs R SkeppanR Boss 44-2. WNemw»2 

207 1124-20 CHALK STREAM (USA) (Lord rardWSter] l BaUna 3-8-7 Pat Eddery 9 

208 24F-010 DREAM CHASBT (T Jchnsey) P Cole 34-7 TQdtanB 

209 14-40 HOLBROOKE SUTTON (USA) (L Dose) L Cumani 3r8-7 W R Swtafaom 1 

211 111-341 MUMMY’S FAVOURITE rp)(R More O'FerrsllJJ Dunlop 3-8-7 _ WCmn 3 

212 1120-00 NASH1A (CUYahya Nam) P Welwyn 3-8-7 Paid Eddery 12 

214 1-22 ROYAL LOFT (Bn (Mrs PPtawrtW Jemts 34-7 R Cochrane 5 

215 038010 SMOOCH (C) (A Dppenhgime^ K Brassey 3-8-7 S WMtworft IS 

217 381121 VIANORA (D) |G Leigh) G Harwood 667 G Starkey 11 

3-1 Mummy's Favourtte. 9-2 Vianora. 5-1 Ever Genial. 11-2 Purchasepaperchase, 
6-1 Chalk Stream. 8-1 Charge Along, 9-1 Royal Loft. Smooch, 12-1 Gfcto By. 16-1 

FORM: PURCHASEPAPERCHASE (9-?) S 4th to Sortc Lady(8-11) at Newmarket flm«i, July 9, 8 ran), with HOLBROOKE SUtTON 

Group 3. £21812. 
(8-4) 51 at San 
away m 5th. EVHt 

od, July 9, 8 ran), with HOLBROOKE St/rTON (8-5)61 bac k 8th a nd 
|lm. £8129. good. May 26. 8 ran), with CHARGE ALONG (9-3) 1i 
EKIAL (8-5) had CHARGE ALONG (B-5) 4 K I b3Ck 4tti when winning 

0336 , good to fiim, June 10. 10 ran). VIANORA (9-2) beat ROYAL LOFT (B-9) *l at Ascot 
(lmhKwi£7340. finn, June 21 . 12 ran), with HOLBROOKE SUTTON (9-7) was 51 bar* m 


3.40 WILLIAM HILL STEWARDS’ CUP (Handicap: £37,824: 6») (25) 

304 04)0041 OUR JOCK (DULord McAlpine) R Smyth 4-9-12 C JF5S“I (S II 

307 300430 DURHAM PLACE (Ws N MyWS)K Brassy 4*8 fSST 1 ! 

308 010002 AL TRUI (C-D) (M Saunders) S MeSor 6-9-6— MWghtm9 

309 201400 TOUCH OF GREY TO fTJernmslD Thom 3-9-6 _GStarkey16 

310 0340-40 HI-TECH ORL <B)JWGredfcy| C 9*6*1 4-94 _ CAmrwmlJ 

311 14-4301 PRINCE SWf (D) IS Crown) P (Me 4*3^ -TOotanll 

aw 20-3000 MEASURMG (G StrawbiMge) I Baktod 3*2 S Crethen 5 

304 04)0041 OUR JOCK (D) (Lord M 

307 30-0430 DURHAM PLACE (MTS 

308 010002 AL TWU1 (C-O) (M Saur 

309 201400 TOUCH OF GREY TO f 

310 0340-40 HI-TECH 68RL (BJJW C 

311 14-4301 PRINCE aw (D) IS Crt 

312 20-3000 MEASURMG (G Straw) 

313 3-04332 PERFECT TWWG (DMI 

314 021-020 PADRE PtOTO (Mr* G 

316 010000 LAURIE UWWJICU 

317 012-201 MANION DAN (C-D) K 

318 030-033 G^RTOYWSAJtJ 

320 040330 AMEOHWO fCKp) (J V, 

321 004400 QUARRYVILLEMRew 
324 204023 GOLD PROSPECT JO) ( 

IEY TO O' Jenrws) D Thom 3-S-S. 
(B) jw GredfayJ C anrttam 484 ___ 
D) IS Crown) P Cole 4-98 — 

fi Vines) D EJswortn 4-94) Pst Eddery 12 

id) D Artxittmot 5-9-0 WRSwMmmlS 

)(A BJnqtay)M McCourt 488 

CG Tm*)N Vigor*, 3*12 

1 WtokKwn) G BaMng 6f " 

(Mrs £ WOkawin) G Balding 5-8-12 
Watson) M McCourt 6-8-9 — 

325 010411 SEW HIGH (DHRTjk 
327 000044 THRONE Or GLORY 

327 000044 THRONE OF GLORY 

3?a teaoo-ai glen kella manx 

329 380000 SOON TO BE (D) (P y 

330 100022 BERTIE WOOSTER ( 

5) K Brassey 3-8-9 

pack) GBaHkig «86._ 
IBMdtshon 38-5 

ffl) (P SavD) 0 W Chapman 5-84 
TO (Bar Equipment) j Fox 5-8-4- 


331 100433 SUDOENNPACT 

332 2410000 DERR Y RIVER (B) 

W R Swkrburi 18 

■0 A Tucker (7) 23 

p Cook 4 

1 5-8-12 ! JWMam22 

— W Her mes 19 

SWNtmrth 13 

- B Room 8 

A Mackey 6 

5-84 A Proud 25 

84 T WWams 21 

2 — 24 

L Pigaott 34-2 

W Carson 15 

4-8-1 N Adams 3 

0 NCarftaktl 




Final lap 
flop fuels 


"■ (lie 

New Trojan, seen hare finishing second to Bonhomie (left) 
prospects of avenging that defeat on better terms 
in the Derby. He reportedly her in this seven-furlong listed 

in the King Edward VII Stakes at Royal Ascot, has bright 
in this afternoon's Gorton Stakes at Goodwood. 

pulled a muscle at Epsom but 
has yet to prove himself group 
class on fast ground. 

Strictly on the book, Allez 
Milord is held by the Epsom 
seventh, Sirk, and ' Clive 
Brittain's Kris colt may 
emerge as the principal danger 
to New Trojan. 

Hera and Carson, who rides 
New Trojan, can initiate a 

group three double in the 
Molecomb Slakes with Sauce 
Diable. The Moorestyle filly's 
form in her two races at 
Windsor does not look out- 
standing but Hern clearly 
holds her in the highest regard 
as he has entered her for the 
William HiU Sprint Champi- 
onship at York next month. 

Carson should also be on 
the mark for John Dunlop in 
the Oak Tree Stakes with 
Mammy’s Favourite. The 
Arundel trainer sensibly runs 

race rather than the Stewards’ 
Cup where she would have 
faced a tough task for a three- 
year-old with 9st Sib. 

Dunlop and Carson team 
up again with the lightly-raced 
M orica in the Paul Masson 
Handicap but preference here 
is for the bottom weight. Solo 
Style, partnered by Taffy 
Thomas, who rides this track 
particularly well. 

Michael Dickinson saddles 
an interesting newcomer in 
Follies Bergeres in the New 
Ham Maiden Fillies' Stakes 
but the Newmarket raiders. 
Lucky Stone and losife, al- 
ready have good form to their 
credit with die former margin- 
ally preferred. 

Luca Cumani should land a 
double at today's other meet- 
ings with Hnsnah (4.20 Yar- 
mouth) and Helietta (8.5 


lNX (8-1 1) 20th and GREEN RUBY (88) 22nd (good to soft, 28 
8th b»Sl tarn. Eartor (B-8) beat PERFECT TIMING (8-9) 1X1 into 

at Ascot (6f. £18546, firm, June 20. 28 ran), with OUR JOCK (9-3) was shaft head 
k 4th. GOLD PROSPECT (88) *1 further away 5tti. LAURIE LORMAN (8-10) 9th. 

back 4th. GOLD PROSPECT (88) XI further away 5tf 
PRINCE SKY (88) 10th. ALTItUI (94) and PADRE MO ( 
Saksbwy wmner with SUDDEN HIP ACT (88) beaten 41 
other 21 bock 5th. Gnrat RUBY (8-12) 7th. AMEGHINO 
GLEN KELLA MANX (84) behmrf (SI. £4899. got* 
MEASURING (88) 4*1 6th and DURHAM LA D (98) B th I 
Bsrad. £8207. good to firm, July IE 11 ran). PERFECT 
Powder Blue (9-2) at Komplon(Sf. £2708. firm. July 17), 

8) 8th. and AL TRIM (98) and 
to firm. June 25, 74 rm). 

and DURHAM LAD {98)8th to Gwyd«n(&-9) at Newbunr 
I. Juty i a n ra n). P ER F EC T TMfifc (9-7) head 2nd of 14 
Mon (Sf. £2708. (Wm, July 17), GREEN RUBY (9-5) head m 

Trust (04) 21 at Ponte tract (». £2481, fkm. July 22. 10 ran). YOUNG JASON (8-1 1} Short 
head 2nd and SUDDEN IMPACT (W» short heed 3rd to Ferryman (108) at Brighton (Sf, 
£2871. firm, JtAy 9, 5 ran). 

Selection: GREEN RUBY. 

4.10 GORDON STAKES (Group III: 3-Y-O: £21,600: 1m 4f) (5) 

401 Ilf-212 BQNHOMEIUSM (D) (Shefth Mohammed) H Cecil 92 SCautheol 

402 1-110 ALLEZ HLORO (USA) (C8)(J Brody) G Harwood 8-10 G Starkey 2 

405 22-0412 DAMSHGAR (BR (HHAga Khan) MStouto 0-10 WRSwMwn4 

407 140402 NEW TTXUANfC) (Sit M Sobol) W Hero 8-10 WCaraooS 

408 3-13230 SHK (Cap! MLouhm) C Bnttan 8-10— CAanmcnS 

48 Bonhomie, 4-1 Aflez MHord, 6-1 SNk. 7-T New TTqjan, 8-1 Danishgar. 

FORM: BOMKMBE, 8 &id to Shahrestani at the Curraah last time. Previously (88) 1 Kt 
Ascot wmnor from NEW TROJAN »8) (im 41 Groi4> ££36519. finn. June 17. 13 ranL 
DAMSHGAR (8-9) XI 2nd of 4 to Sadesm (69) at Ascot (1m 4f. £1741. firm. June 21). 
SIRK (9-0) 71h beaten 4 Kl. by Sharasiani (98) In the Derby (1 m 4f. £239260. good. June 
4. 1 7 ranL with AUJEZ MRjORD (98L who pufied a muscle. 1 HI beck In 1 0th. having pre- 

4. l7ranL with AUJEZ RULORD (98). whopufieda muscle. IHl beck In 10th, iuvlrigpre- 
vtousiy (8-ia beaten Badartnk (8-121 5r over course and dstanco (fistod, £18834. 
heavy. May Z1 . 8 ran), with NEW TROJAN (8-12) last 

4.40 PAUL MASSON HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £5,049: 1m) (13) 

501 210400 1NWSKY (HH Prtnee Yazid Said) G Hsiwood 9-7 

G Starkey 10 

21 STAR CUTTER (USA>(D)(9»Mi Mohammed) H Cecil 98 _ SCautoen 12 
14-ODD EWRCLAY STREET (lord Matthews) I Uattxxts 94 

500 mw BMKiArsiHai aam Manner i fnmemi*-* PBlEddwy 6 

505 310-fl TOWN JtSlfcH (USA) (Pioneer Bkjodsteck) R Armstrong 8-l3__ G Baxter 9 

506 t20013 PSJJNKO (D) (L Wastbury) E Bdh 812 R Cochrane 2 

507 028120 GREAT LKHSTOjA Boon) BHDs 612 BThomsonS 

508 211201 MEET THE GREK TO (FGoubncki^ D Lang 69 P Cook 8 

509 0310 PARS-TURF (J Pearce) G Wragg 69 MON-RUNNB) 13 

510 118341 SAFSRA (Mrs J Marrow) M Jams 8-9 (5ex) W Woods mil 

515 260001 BRONZE OPAL (USMJI1) (Mrs EWwnstwnJG BakSng 63 __ L Jones ftl 

516 1-4 M0MCA fflF) (Un B Buarn) J Dirtap 61 W Canon 7 

518 341803 TBINIINATOR p Phang) H randy 60 C Ratter (5) 4 

520 300101 SOLO STYLE (Mrs N Lems) G Lewis 78 (5ex) MLThoaiasS 

4-1 Star Cutter. 5-1 Great Leighs, 13-2 Ininsky. 61 Morka. 61 Barclay Street 16 
1 Meat The Greek. Saleera. 12-1 Pettnta, Town Jester, 14-1 Bronze Opal. 161 others. 

June 27. 5 ran). PELL* 

12-1 FUfihto, Town Jester, 14-1 Bronze Opal. 161 others. 
Kl Newcastle winner from Ortlca (611) (1m. £3295. firm. 

£2977. good to firm, July 7). GREAT LEIGHS unplaced 
to Brazzaka (610) at York (1m. ££4924. good. May 14, 

to Brazzaka (610) at York (1 m. ££4924. 
beat Asswan (9-4) a neck at Brighton. I 
(1m. £1 172 0. firm . June 20, 24 ran), with 
behind. SAFEERA (8-9) beat Hymn Of Harlech 

_ ...... L May 14, 10 ran). MEET THE GREEK (8-Q) 

60) SHI Bth to Dallas (6ri at Ascot 
(94) and BARCLAY STR E ET (6111 
12) II at Chester (71 122yds, £424/ 
good. JiJy 12. 7 ran) BRONZE OPAL (60) W Warwick maiden winner from Red River 
Bov (98) dm. £880. good to firm. July 9. 14 ran). MORICA (98) did not get a (dea r run 
when 114th to Far Too Busy (7-9) at LingfteW (71. £2^0. good. Jijy 12. 8 ran) TERMINA- 
TOR (8-1 1)1 SI 3rd o»l4 to SwrtlsPal(9-2) at Salisbury (1m. £2788. good to soft. July 

Selection: BRONZE OPAL 

to soft July 

5.10 EBF NEW HAM MAIDEN RLUES STAKES (2-Y-O: £5,119: 71) 
( 11 ) 

602 CATHEHMSCHRAn (A Anthony) C Homan 611 P Cook 7 

603 FOLUES BERGERES (USA) (R Sangster) MW DKkmson 611 S CaoHwn 11 

6W 02 FRESH THOUGHTS (BF) (R BarnBttJHCanly 611 WNnmesW 

606 3 IOS1FA (5hc*h Mohawned) M Stouta 611 WRSetobtsmS 

609 2 LUCKY STONE (BF)(R Holmes a Court) CBrlttsn 611 G Baxter 9 

611 NORTH PACIFIC (IKA) (Fahd Sohnani P Cole 611 TQum2 

612 POINT OP VEWJFR) (Sr M Sobefl) I Baking 61 1 PatEdderyl 

613 PORT HELBC (ShasaJh Mohammed) W Hem 611 WCanan3 

614 QUIET BLU&1 (Mrs P Tarrant] M Jarvis 611 W Woods 5 

615 4 TECANA (Loro Cinton) P Waiwyn 611 Pad Eddery 6 

616 0 TOP MMX {WGredbyfB Hits 611 HTbonrooo 4 

62 tosifa, 10080 Port Helena, 9-2 Tecana, 61 Point Of View. 7-1 Lucky Stone. 6 

1 Fresh Thoughts. 161 Top wak, FoMes Bergeres. 161 others. 

4kh Mohammed) w Hem 611- 
PTanrantlM Janta6ll 

4 TECANA (Loro Cinton) P Waiwyn 611 

0 TOP W AK (W Grsdsy) S Hfls 8-11 

FOR*. FRKH THOUGHTS (61 1) 2y, 1 2nd ol 6 to Pen Bai Lady (84 1) at Warwick t ... 
£2792. good to firm. July 21. IQSiPA (8-5) 3KI 3rd to TWyta (613) at Newmarket (6f. 
£5353. good to fimt. June 28. 13 ran). LUOCY STONE (611) ran on wel when B1 aid to 
Dunrtndd (61 1) at Kermnon (61. £3309. finn. Jdy 19. 15 rwi) TECANA (611) 6Krl 4th to 
Canadian MiB (61 1) m Newmarfcei maiden from which the 2nd, 3 kL 5th and 8th have 
won since (Bf. E4598. good. July 9. 18 ran). 

Selection: LUCKY STOIC 

Consortium is 
boost for 
racing in north 

Kit Patterson, with over 40 
years experience in racing, has 
been appointed chairman of the 

Racing Group. 

“The aim will be to get more 
people through the turnstiles at 
our five courses — Carlisle, 
Canmel. Hexham. Newcastle 
and Sedgefield." Patterson said 
at Gosforth Park yesterday. 

“One of the benefits that has 
already been seen is that 
Sedgefield will be singing its 
richest race, a £3.300 added- 
novice chase, on April 7 next 

The new marketing- con- 
sortium is to be run on similar 
lines to the successful Go Rac- 
ing In Yorkshire enterprise and 
was the idea of David Grouse 
and Ian Piihers, members of the 
Racing Information Bureau. 

• Dancing Brave became lead- 
ing racehorse in the Gilbey 
European Championship 
following his victory in 
Saturday's King George VI and 
Queen Elizabeth Diamond 
Stakes. He has 460 points. 1 00 
points ahead of Saint Estcphe 
followed by Baillamoni 320 and 
Acatenango 300. 

Hadeer makes amends 
with pattern success 

. GreviUe Starkey made a ter 
appointing return to the saddle « 
after injury yesterday when 
Guessing, the 3rl joint 
favourite^ could - finish, only 
sixth in the Stapleton Maiden 
Slakes at Bath. 

The race went to -.Fdlke 
Johnson Houghton's wefl-bred 
newcomer, . Roubayd, who 
quickened well 1 % furiongs out : 
and had IMi lengths to spare 
over Nile Lark at the line; - 

Roubayd, bred by his. owner, 
the Aga Khan, has shown ; a' 
didketor the stalls al home and 
after this performance, conn ec- 
lloss paid tribute to the colt’s: 
lad, Robert Bullock, who has 
worked every day.foir toe last: 
two months to get the son of 
Exceller used to. going, in the 
stalls. • -• 

The Mecfeunc got up wed 
reside the final furtong to land 
the Bet With! The Tote. Handi- 
cap and continue the frustrating 
: season, of Gerald CpttzeU. .. 

The Cuflomptoa traiDK 1 sad- 
dled both the runner-up Gallant 
-Hope, and the third hone, Billy 
Whiteshoes. The Mechanic, 


From JofanBtansdeR 
Hockenheim . 

‘Vl lap too fer, is a succinct 
way of summing up Sunday's 1 
German Grand Prix at 
Hockenheim. where the cars 
! running ^second and fburth em 
the final lapdropped to fifth and 
sixth after they rah oUt df ^ 
and. the . car which inherited:-* 
second place' crossed ;tHe 
wftti a dry tank.' - *• V. 

^ member of the Marlboro ^ 
■McLaren team put It a 
more strongly. “The soooer wc,-> 
throw away these damned toafe > 
bos and get hack io some 
racing with normally aspirated 
engines the ■ better. 1 * . (Regret- -t 
tably, this is not likdy idhappeu 
until 1989 at the eariiesty The/’ 
interesnhg 'point is that be madfe -• 
this comment not op tha* anal, > 
lap as he watched, finp. 

Rosberg atid tlren Alain 

ir e ? 


iwouvi n - - — — - y 

free-wheel to a hdt /or Uie ladf 4 

f <• i . .. u, - 

who won by a head, was making, 
a quick follow-up for. John 
Sutcliffe, the Epsom trainer, 
after his victory at .Sandown last 

Hadeer, who started favourite 
Tor the Royal Hunt Cup only to 
finish a disappointing seven- 
teenth, swept track to form in the 
group three Federation Brewery 
Beeswing Stakes at Newcastle 

Steve Cantheiv who made the 
trip north for Just this one ride 
before going on to Windsor, rode 

Handicap. The winner provided 
Michael Jarvis, who has had an 
exasperating run of 29 seconds, 
with his fifteenth success of the 

Adrian Lee, Jarvis's assis- 
tant,. said : “Pasticcio must have 
tost ground and in all of his 
recent races it has been raining.” 
Pasticcio was held up by Tony 

Today’s course 

-WII1V — : IUUIX1V mo urn op OJ » VMJ 

a patient race, poshing Hadeer Ires in the etify stages and josr 

mta tVu> Iml nwr two Out and tw. 

into the lead over two out and oot tip inside the final furious, 
then pushing the colt dear to The wmner is owned and bred by 
win by three lengths. Tom Warner from the Red 

Clive Brittain, the Newmarket 
trainer, said: “At Ascot Hadeer 
was sweating badly before the 
race and was nearly knock e d off 
his legs daring ft. His next target 
is the Prix Jacques le Marais at 
Deauville on August 17." 

Pasticcio, another New- 
market-trained winner, returned 
to form in the Danish Light 

Tom Warner from the Red 
House stud at Newmarket; 

Masked Ball, the 7-4 
fiivoBrite, repeated his victory of 
last year to die Habten DiatPQs 
Handicap, despite carrying a 

stone more. Pieter Caber, his 
trainer, who has only just come 
out of Harrogate Hospital after 
bjjnring a leg, was not present to 
welcome the winner- 


HUUNER8S H Cedi. 26 winners from 87 ; 
renders. 29-9%; L Cunani, 18 from 52, 
28^%; W Hem. 35 from 143, 24-3%. 
JOCKEYS: G Starkey. 39 winners from 
189 rides. 206%: Pal Eddery. 49 from 
253, 1 9A%; W Carson, 43 from 242. 


TRAMERSrL Cumani, 12 wkvws from 31 
runners. 38.7; M Stoute. 19 Iron 50. 
38.0%: J Duntop. 6 from 25, 24.0%. 
JOCKEYS: R Quest 10 winners from 39 
rides. 25.6%; TLucas. 9 from 36, 25iO%;R 
HOs. 12 from 08. 17.6%. 


TRAMERS: L Cumani. 36 winners tram 
169 runners, 20 .7%; W O' Gorman. 19 
from 92, 20.7%; M Ryan. 24 from 221. 

JOCKEYS: R Guest 12 winners from 75 . 
rides. 188 %;M HAb, 10 from 78, 13,2%; T 
lves.-21 from 191. 11.0%. 

UV.VTWUl.VI w ^ 

of a few more drops of roeL. oor, , 
several laps earlier •when ;ttev;A 
were running, first' and -Hiira^- -- 
separated by the ultiraace race * 
winner. Nelson. Piquet, 

The fact drat they, were i tot 
responding to JESqpei's- strong . 
charge was dear enough-.' *3^* 
idcnce tohinrlhal their race was 
being controlled by .di d: , 
monitor, not by chassis ■perfop' v 
mance or driving' sfcBL-, ft. 
taking nodiing- awa^ frotiFThe' s \ 
quality of Piquet’s performajv^-^ . 
to say that races wfardv- are i 
ruined in - their - final act and- ? 
converted rhtd fuel ^ eepnggay \ 

runs do little for. the iraagfcof.-. 
Grand Prix.^ racing. FuHmarte.iO'- 
the Honda boffins who seenrtq t.-' 
have found a winrimg forpiula A' - 
for their fuel - . manageinedr* 
dcctronicS. but their constreref 1 ' 
success is ^viag their 
frustrating season. 

It was the. attraction of s&h f* 

. powerful aod " fuel _effirienjp^i-‘v ’ . 
gine on the one side and oronc * . - 
of tire most Mnj^broirtdexTimd' * 
talented drivers (Ayrton Sehnaj .*. 
on the other which provided the:> 
two platforms, for the bridgeri 
which will join Team Lotusand 
Honda for. two seasons begin- -..*7: 
□mg in 1987, As 

333 000002 RA RA GIRL PNBF) (R A Holdings Lid] B McMahon 4-88 W Woods 2 

334 118912 YOUNG JASON TO(BF)(J Swift) GLAMS 678 M LThomaa 10 

335 200400 SHADES OF BLlk p) (Canowdoo Consultsms) M Btanstvard 67-7 

DMcksy 20 

61 Prince Sky. 12-1 Our Jock, Sew High, Reriteci Timing, 14-f AIThA AimgMna 
Young Jason, Glen Kata Manx. 161 Bertie Wooster. Manion Dan. 161 Gold Prospect 
261 Green Ruby. Laurie Lornuui. 22-1 Thome Of Glory, 261 Durham Place. 261 
Padro Pio. 33-1 others. 


PORMrALTRUI(9-9) neck tod ofl4 to Boot Pofish (610) at Pontafraci (6f. ES963. firm. 
July 7L with GREEN RUBY (9-2) was Itl back in 3TO and RARAGHL (8- 1J unplaced. In 
last year's race AL TRUI (61) was short head winner from OUR JOCK (62). with 
AMEGHINO (8-8) 1 ’/,! furtfwr hack 7ft. PERFECT TIMING (62) 12th. PADRE WO (7-121 
19th. GLBI KELLA MANX (611) 20th and GREEN RUBY (8-6) 22nd (good to soft, 28 

Lypharita, trained In France 
by Andre Fabre, is likely lo join 

the strong European challenge 
for next month's Budweiser 
Arlington Million in Chicago. 

Fourth to Baillamom in last 
month’s Prix dTspaltan at 

Longchamp. Lypharita will 

make the Amen can trip pro- 
vided she comes out all right 
from her next race — the group 
two Prix d'Astarte ai Deauville 
on Saturday. 

Already pencilled in for the 
Chicago race are Theatrical, 

runner-up to the smart German 
colt, Acatenango. in Dusseldotf 
on Sundav, and last year's 
winner, Teleprompier. 

Other news from foe Fabre 
stable concerns Saint Estepbe. 
who beat Triptych in the 
Coronation Cup at Epsom -in 
June. He has the Prix de TArcde 
Triomphe as bis autumn target. 

Un Desperado, an easy win- 
ner from Shanood of the Prix 
Eugene Adam, wifi take his 
chance in -foe Dubai Champion' 






anti '< 


a> c*- , 10,3 fa- 

LeMond lives 
the American 
dream around 
the clock 

From John Wflcocksan, Park 
® doing all other propositions in the next 

•‘^Unu ^ lhe eaiiu3te 

-■*v ^£5 

" 3 '&E5£i 

s ? s#i 



icaS. "*' 
‘‘ ^V te ^uontf** 

C-. VC 'A'nSsJ 

•*1.1.11 ’J1 l . -.._ T , “ 

u--,. ;'_''“ l '^Louatj 

.J .; . ' \ ' Ai jaedicai, 

“••- h'.Tciflsna^ 
“ *«n in ad 

■ ■■"-'*!• 50 sncxv&l K 

• : i "•'■!» :.ajj relauoastapL n 

" ••' season. 

' : p " na^jf.nwifctt 

Dtininsj « 

*■ iT * , ’l i Lotus - jiai ijj 
7 ■ f »ir^c:nfdeiiK»i a 

r •"*■ - - Crvsnulflp. 

' ’•: sho* *Jswj(Ji |>bi 6 

■■■■■ r.tJj Aa: is data 
•■ "c car >h3ula go to Soon 
\i‘j'.T.2 • :n in; aseoa 
'" i. '. zi '.t ms qnaisj 
" r- ‘ ’-.riTT;.* for 19811*4 
»i! n ratal 
-.. •-.• : . j dmtrdtmd 
. - T.:\T;n;frJsKSB ' 

• ‘aakta 

-•. • •.••>•■■.>. biri.-Tipaial 

:.■•„■■ r.; ?f tx Um 

.: : j; -.•.•••e^’prrsn aM 
i. ifiii 2 i j jwasrii 

• a>sc: as i5i}csw» 
p.-*r: 2 r.i ianrf* 

the things that a Tour de 
France winner is supposed to 
do; but done the American 
way. After receiving the 73rd 
Tour's yellow jersey on the 
Champs Syse£ on Sunday, 
ith the cheques and 
worth about £50,000, be 
went for a five television 
interview with the CBS net- 
work before rushing to the 
Paris town ball, where an 
official reception was hosted 
by Jacques Chirac, the Mayor. 

After a hesitant wave to the 
crowds outside, LeMond, 
aged 26, returned to his hotel 
to change into slacks, jacket, 
and his favourite paisley tie 
for dinner with his wife and 
their two families who had 
travelled from Nevada and 

“We then went out with the 
team . and. our wives,” said 
LeMond yesterday at a press 
conference in the Hold Napo- 
leon. “We found a small disco 
to celebrate, but I feel beat 
now. After seven hours of 
racing, criss-crossing Paris 
and two solid hours of danc- 
ing, we didn't get to bed until 
five. I had only three hours 

Despite this, LeMond ap- 
peared fresh and alert at the 
press conference, that was 
hosted by Huffy, his American 
bicycle sponsor. The Tour de 
France winner was asked 
about the rumours that he is 
forming his own American 
racing team, riding Huffy 
bicycles. LeMond replied: 

* “It's always been my goal to be 
an American l eading an 
American team, but 1 don't 
think the time is right yet. 
Huffy is the biggest bike 
manufacturer in the world and 
they would help me build a 
team, but it costs several 
million dollars to form a 
squad capable of winning the 
Tour de France. In any case. 
Fra happy with my French 
sponsor. La Vie Claire. We 
have an international set-up 
which is ideal for racing in 
Europe. My contract runs out 
with them at the end of this 
year, so Fm free to move if l 
•want There may be some 

few months.” 

It wasa low key conference, 
despite the presence of film 
units from the three United 
States TV networks, who 
LeMond dealt with like an 
experienced diplomat He 
condescen d ed to a quick pho- 
to session, with the Arc de 
Triomphe in the background. 

He made some quick fare- 
wells to his family in the 
street, and was greeted at the 
renaissance-style residence of 
William Rodgers, the Ameri- 
can ambassador, where were 
gathered the hierarchies of the 
Tour de France organisation 
and his La Vie Claire team - 
including Bernard Hinault, 
the chansmatic team captain 
who had contested LeMond’s 
Tour de France victory so 
bitterly that the American had 
twice considered quitting the 

After canapes and cocktails, 
the lunch time gathering 
moved to the terrace to enjoy 
the sunshine, while Paris 
Maich conducted an exclusive 
photo session with LeMond 
and Hinault shaking hands 
and walking in the delightful 
green gardens. 

“I still have a headache 
from the champagne we drank 
Iasi night,” sighed LeMond. 
Hinault isalready thinking 
ahead to his retirement in 
November, when he will no 
doubt take his place as a 
sought after personality on the 
French showbiz, televirion 

The two team-mates and 
often bitter rivalswere racing a 
70-kilomeire event near Pans 
last night, today LeMond 
attends a civic reception in his 
adopted Belgian town of 
COurtrai. and races again in 
the Netherlands this evening. 
There is another exhibition 
race tomorrow and another fat 
appearance fee, before he flies 
back to his Sacramento, Cali- 
fornia home on Thursday. 

LeMond, Hinault and La 
Vie Claire will meet up again 
for the Coors Classic 

Oval wins stem 

post war tides 

'- C ~ "«?***“?£ 

There was a not altogether 
surprising parallel in the pat- 
terns of cricket between England 
and Australia after the first and 
second world wars. In each case 
Australia were markedly su- 
perior when the contest s were 
resumed, and took three rub- 
bers. ha each case England woo 
only one match out of 15. Again 
to each case, the tide was turned 
in tire fourth rubber by a victory 
iir doe last at the OraL 
Chapman's success in 1926 
brought England’? first series 
: win since Fry’s in 1912; 
Hutton’s to 1953 the first since 
Jardtoe'S to 1933 (though there 
had been a oae-matcb-aU drew 
of which England bad slightly 
the better to 1938). 

On both occasions there was 
national jubilation. That of 1953 
is still well remembered, though 
not a great many are still with us 
who 'were at the Orel to 1926. 

Ponsford and 
Harwood survive 

I was three years old at the 
time and ft was another four 
years before I began to glimpse, 
retrospectively, the magnitude of 
the rejoicing. Of the players, 
most of whom lived to a good old 
age, only Ponsford and Larwood 
now M Br v i y e. In Australia's sec- 
ond in ning*, Ponsford was 
caug ht by Larwood to the gully* 
The bowler was Rhodes, who 
had played against Australia m 
1899, and had been bora to 
1877. So this incident gives ns a 
rime-connection of mane than a 

' - iSis * 

It seems to me that the 1926 
match had more of a sense of 
history about it than the later 
one. The Fast World War tad 
come as a surprise, and the 
heavy English losses all the 
more of a shock. The second war 
was weB expected and dreaded, 
and when it was over it was on 
the whole a relief that, rel- 
atively. we had no* suffered so 
severely. There had not been the 
years of trench warfare to scar . 
men's souls. The disappoint- 
ment of post-war hopes — be- 
cause -th^r- had beea hig her — 
was more acute in the twenties. 
In the summer of 1926 there 
came die General Strike, wWch 
was a lark only for a few (Toe 
British Gazette pnbfished some 
cricket news, but not The British 
Worker). So there was a deep 
feeling of thankfulness at the 
Oral that here, at least, was 
something that had gone right, 

,U Tta*^ 1 £ur Tests, sched- 
uled for three days each, had au 
been drawn. Tta weatber b«i 
not been helpful. The play 
suggested there was not mm* 
between the sides. Tta last I|0 
was to be playEd to a Bru sh, lo w 
was not quite a new departure m 
England, because six days - as 
much as anyone considered con- 
ceivable - bad been allotted to 
the corresponding match to 
1912. (Both matches finished on 
the fourth day)- . 

England mopped their cap- 
tain, A.W.CaiT. He was not test 
pleased by this, nor were the 
public, though the complaints 
were mild compared m4h £|®s* 
when bis successor, ,A*F-F. 

wasdropoedm su»- 

lar circumstances fear years 
later. Even if it was felt Carr had 
to go — for he was not to form 
with the bat — many would have 
preferred P.GJL Fender as 

Chapman was born in I960, 
when Rhodes (unexpectedly re- 
called for the match) was al- 
ready a Test player. En g lis hm en 
todtoed Do forget that Australia 
had no bowler quite to suit the 
circomstaBces. Richilsou, sup- 
posed to be their mate threat, 
was an off-spinner, and both 
batsmen, especially SatcEffe, 
were more comfortable with (he 
ball coming in to the tat. 
Richardson played to 9 Tests, 
and took 12 wickets, at 
average of 43. He was more 
successful as a batsman. MaBey 
was a leg-spinner, happier on a 
hard pitch. (In the first innings, 
be had taken six wickets, after 
meeting the Australian manager 
on the hotel steps in the mom- 
tog. Mailey was still to evening 
dress, after a night spent danc- 
ing, and the manager was just off 
to the ground. Mailey asked for 
the rebuke to be postponed until 
the dose of play, and took his 
wickets to the meantime — “Five 
wouldn't have done", be used to 
explain). Grimmett, another leg- 
spinner, did not gain much from 
wetness- The only, left-hander 
the Australians had was 
Macartney, who by this time 
had left most of his bowling 
behind him. 

Rhodes, however, had not. He 
had dropped it for a while, when 
he cast his mind to opening r*-- 
F-n gfamrf innings with Hob 
hot returned to it after the war, 
when Yorkshire needed it. After 
gn gtend had taken their second 
tamings total to 436, on the 
fourth morning, Rhodes bowled 
Australia out 

That phrase may seem a little 
extravagant, because Rhodes’s 

suffer 79 in the nutchfdlo not 
look all that astonishing. But the 
wickets of Ponsford, Bardsfey, 
Collins and Richardson had 
settled the question, and Rhodes 
was taken off. He spoke sharply 
to his captain about it, and 
Chapman replied that be 
thought it would be a good idea 
to share the wfekets round a bit. 

• 1 * - ■ ■■"■'■W -.6 - 


„ 1 Wli""'.-/ ■» y. 

Hit and miss: New Zealand lose their chance to snap up Gatting (Photograph: Hugh Rontledge). Test report, page 40 

Falkner is Tough Love spurs 

the only 
bright spot 

By Ivo Tennant 

GUILDFORD: Surrey, with 
sewn first-innings wickets in 
hand, are 101 runs behind 

A total of 40 overs were 
bowled in four attempts at play 
yesterday; in other words, every- 
one left this pleasant ground 
feeling rather less than satisfied. 
They would include Nick Falk- 
ner, the young Surrey opener, 
whose fine innings ended five 
short of a century. 

It would be nice to see Surrey 
stage more than one champion- 
ship match a summer at 
Guildford. First-class cricket be- 
gan here before the war, and the 
Ouem has visited the ground. 
Unfortunately, this was in the 
days of Laker and Lock, and 
Surrey had won by the time she 
arrived. She had to be content 
with taking tea. 

It was much the same for the 
sponsors and their guests yes- 
terday since most of the play 
occurred well before tea-time. 
At 5.15 the umpires decided to 
give it one last go. No sooner, 
though, had the rain stopped 
than subterranean darkness 

The best cricket was in the 
morning, when Falkner made 
light of le Roux and Imran in 
conditions that were rarely 
favourable. His 95, made in 139 


By Peter Ball 

SHEFFIELD: Nottingham- 
shire, with all second innings 
wickers in hand, lead Yorkshire 
by 50 runs. 

' Between them, Jim Love and 
the weather are bringing Not- 
tinghamshire considerable 
frustration on tbeir visit over 
the border. On Sunday, Love 
dealt a serious blow to their 
John Player League aspirations. 
Yesterday, they ultimately re- 
moved him to claim an im- 
portant advantage in a low- 
scoring match only to be 
thwarted by persistent rain 
which ruled out any' play after 

In all. 78 overs were lost, the 
first 13 at the start before 
Yorkshire resumed at 114 for 
six. Their hopes of approaching 
Notts’ 191 rested on Love’s 
broad shoulders and, in very 
different vein to his free-Oowing 
stroke play of the previous day, 
be settled in determinedly. 

His colleagues were less 
successful as Pick, who had 
devastated Yorkshire at 
Worksop two week’s ago, was 
once' again stirred into hostile 
action by lively bounce, and the 
sight of Yorkshire helmets in his 
firing line. Hartley edged slip in 
his second over, and Jarvis, 
slogging wildly, skied for Scon 
to take the catch behind slips. 

The prize of Love's wicket in 
his next over escaped him, Birch 

gulley, and 20 possibly- in valu- 
able runs were added before 
Shaw succumbed. Love fol- 
lowed in the same over, which 
was interrupted by a ten minnu- 
delay for bad light, run out by 
Robinson's direct hit from mid- 
wicket as be attempted to keep 
the bowling; 

Thanks to his graft and intelli- 
gent application in an innings 
lasting 216 minutes. Nous* lead 
had been restricted to 45. In the 
two overs before lunch it was 
extended, but thereafter the only 
activity came from the 

NOTTOGHAMSWRE: First Innings 131 
(P J Hartley 6 lor 68). 

Second innings 

B C Broad not out 5 

H t Hjfrmjfi np| mi i i ft 

Extras . 0 

TotaXO wkts) 5 

YOWCSWRE: fir* brings 
R J Biikey bRfca 

A A UetcaUa e Broad b Rica . 

SN Hartley c Johnson bCoapar . 

P Robinson c Scon b Pick 

J D Low run out . 

to L Bsto»Hre Rtoa b Ooopar . 

P Comck c Rica b Saxalby 

P J Harder cRmb Pick 

PW jams c San b Pick 

C Shaw cBkctib Cooper 

■ m m m . » #• Mip IU#AI V*VI lUIlky UU V41 

minutes, included 15 fours, — putting down a sharp chance at 
several booked or turned off his ^ 
legs to perfection. He should 
make a lot of hundreds in the 
years to come. 

SUSSEX : First Intone 294 (Imran Khan 
S5. IJ Gotol 54; ST&ertui 4-SJ) 

SURREY: First brings 

N J Faicnsrc to Roux b Reeve . 

GS Onion b Reeve 
A J Stewart c GouW b to Rowe 
T E Jasty not Out 

Extras Ob B, nb4) 10 

Total (58 overs) 146 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0. 34. 66.4-56, 5- 
56. 6-133. 7-116. 8-124. 9-144, 1 0-146. 
BOWLING: Pick 20-7-50-3; Rica 1S444- 
Z Cooper 14-4-34-3; Saxriby 9-1-22-11. 
Bonus pokes: Yorkshire 4. Nottingham- 
shire 6. 

Umpire*: R Palmer and J Hampshire. 

T e ^ d Middlesex 

Northants v Middx 

on target 

Bradman repays 
heavy hatting 

AnstraHa were out for 125, 
and England winners by 289 
raos. Chapman took onr next 
side to Australia, and won by 
heavy tarring, which Australia 
duly repaid when Bradman ar- 
rived here to 1930. Nineteen- 
thirty was the year when - 
looked at to retrospect - Test 
parriux in England were taken 
more seriously. One of the 
reasons Chapman lost the cap- 
taincy was that he haddedtot^ 
to ptoy for a draw at IanTs- His 
comment to Rhodes to 1926 (m£ 
of his selectors, remember) was 
a happy touch of an older 
tradition- 1 am sure that we have 
never since had a captain wfco, 
approaching a famous vieftssy, 
took off bis best bowler jo« to 
“share the wickets round a bit. 

Alan Gibson I 


Extras (b1.ibB.nb 3) .12 

Total ( 3 wfcts. 4JL4 overs) 193 

1CJ Rictoitt*. DJ Thomas.. MBickneB. K 
T Madtoycott, S T Clarke, T* I Pocock to 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1*9. 2-140. 3-140 
Bonus ports: Surrey 4. Sussex 4 
Umpires DJ Constant and A A Jones 

No play yesterday 

ABERGAVENNY: Qtonoroan 168; Derby- 
shire 143 lor seven (K J Barnett 84 not 
out). Rain. 

EDGBASTDie WanwfcksMre 138 (A M 
Ferreira 69 not out P J W ABott five lor 
55 k Lamastoe 183 lor five (G Fowler 76. 
C H Llo yd 72 not ouQ. Rain. 

WORCESTER: Gloucestershire 300 for 
nine dec (J W Uoyds 82. K P TomBns 75, 
M W AHeyne 73 n cx A P Pridgaon four tor 
60k Worcestershire 38 tor Iwo. Rata. 

Le Roux stays 

Garth le Roux, the 30-year- 
okl South African fast bowler, 
has derided he would like to 
have another season with Sussex 
— his eleventh since making his 
debut Le Roux’s contract ex- 
pires at the end of the season. 

Mfctfesar. mftft tow second Innings 
wtekats aantSng. ternd Nort ha m pt onshire 
py 239 runs. 

MOOLESEX: First Innings 216 (A J T 

Second innings 

WN Stack notout 90 

tPRDowntonc Bailey bCspei 18 

M A Rosaberry not out — 36 

Extras (b2Jb 

Extras (b 2Jb 2) 
Total (1 wfct) . 


er, RO Butcher, *CT Radley. JF 
P Hughes, N G Cowans, w W 

A J T Meter. RO Bufcher t *CT I 


DanMri end I 


NOflTHAMPTONSHBtfc Hrat Intoigs 
*G Cook b Daniel 6 

w Laruis e Butcher b Cowens 

R J Boyd-Moss b Comns 

A J Lamb b Cowans — 

R J Bailey b Dental 

DJ Capet run out. 

i B Hughes - 



A Walter not out 

- 28 
— 2 
- 12 
— 1 
- 18 

- 30 
_ 13 
_ 1 
_ I 

— 0 
- 15 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2-36, 3-57. 4- 
61. 5-65, 6-106. 7-11& 6-116, 9-119, IQ- 

BOWUNG: Daniel 160-75-4; Cowans 14- 
2-36-3; Turned t- 1-0-0: Hughes 24-1-7-2. 
Bonus points: Nort ha mpton sh ire 4, 

Umpires: JW Holder end R A WNfc. 

Extras (bl.R) 6. w4.nb4) . 
Total (33£ oners) 

For the fust time in a long 
time, Middlesex performed like 
the champions they are at 
Northampton yesterday (Peter 
M arson writes). After Daniel, 
Cowans and Hughes _ had cut 
down Northamptonshire's bat- 
ting for 125 in 33.3 overs , 
Middlesex moved slowly but 
surely into a com mandi ng po- 
sition, and for that they could 
thank Wilf Sack, who made 90 
not out, as Middlesex advanced 
to 148 for one. a lead of 239, 
before rain stopped play. 

Providing the weather bolds, 
and a shower of rain meant a 
delay of thirty minutes here, 
yesterday, then at some stage 
later today, Middlesex mtabt 
well have signalled their first 
success in the Britannic Assur- 
ance County Championship this 

Northamptonshire had 
started out in the morning at 54 
for two. But, they made so 
wretched a begjning that after 
three overs. Lamb, Bailey and 
Larkins had fillen. 


Wide post 
glory in 
extra time 

By John Watson 

In the first of the quarter- 
finals for the five-chukka me- 
dium-goal Harrison Cup. all of 
which were played off at 
Ambereham. Sussex, yesterday, 
Gordon Roddick’s Body Shop 
beat David Peart's Rosamundo 
(received lft) by five goals to 

The close central combina- 
tion of Julian Hipwood. the 
All-England player and his 
number two, Johnny Kidd, was 
the factor that gave the Body 
Shop the advantage over their 
slightly lower handicapped ri- 
vals. Rosamundo's Rod 
Mathews who, was until re- 
cently out of pony club polo, 
showed a most impressive 

The match between Galen 
Weston’s Maple Leafs and Lord 
Milfotd Haven’s Brent Walker 
was level-pegging until half- 
time, when the somewhat better 
balanced Maple Leafs, centred 
on ibe New Zealander, Tony 
Devcicb and drew ahead toa 5-3 
victory. That was the most 
fluent due] of the afternoon. 

Jock Green Armitage's Sara- 
cens, based on the Martin 
Brown-Cody Forsyth duo, beat 
Carlos Mejia's RotherfaiU 4-3 In 
extra time with widened goal 
posts. Despite the parity in the 
score. RotherfaiU, whose 
strength is spread between the 
Chilton poloist Rodrigo Vial 
and the Lucas brothers, never 
seemed quite as good as Sara- 
cens, who were leading 3-0 at 
half-time. The Saracens’ An- 
drew SeavjU, who, like his team- 
mate Brown loots worth more 
than his handicap, played a 
particularly forceful game. 

Los Locos, with 14 goals, 
received half a goal on handicap 
on meeting 15-goal Southfield 
for the last encounter of the 
afternoon. Claire Tomlinson 
and the American Gene 
Fortugno, put a bard and deter- 
mined nose on Los Locos. 


Mathews (3c 3. J Horswafl (6C Back M 
Keegan (2j. 

MAPLE LEAFS: 1. G Weston (2fc 2. C 
Graham (2fc 3. A Devtfch (7); Bask HRH 
The Prinea of Wales (4). 

BRENT WALKER: 1. LflRf MMord Hawn 
| 1 IdL D Jamtson (3*3. A Kent (8): Back W 

SARACeH?: 1 . A Saawfll (3); 2. C Forsyth 
3. M Brown (4k Back J Greon- 

mSulaL t. c Mepa (i): z R vu 9k 

3. J Lucas (5L Back WLucxs (4). 

Los Locos: 1. A Fenshawe (Ik Z 0 

^^^S Tom, ^ f4,:Back 

SOUTHFIELD: 1. j Yeoman (tfc Z C 
Batten (3k 3. 0 Rinehart (9k Back V Law 





fttzpamck (Caktyt 

NORTH ANfflCfl: National League: Hous- 
ton Astro* 3. PrubuMpM* PhHoa 2: Ptftfi- 
buratt pntee 7. San Ftancbco Genu 0: New 
Yon Mole 5. Atlanta Braves t; OMnnaO 
Rads 9. mnraal Expos 7: St Louis Cm&mss 

3. San Diego Psoras 2. Los — 


York rankass 4. 

Angels 3. Boston Rad S» 0 P5 task 
Oakland AtMsSes 1. Toronto Bfas Jay* k 
Mftweukea Brawera a Saettte Msrinen 1; 
Ctewetad tndiate a Texas Ranger* a 


ROYAL BWtDALE- Wlltm dub prof — lonsl 
chanpkmsMp: Laadtag Hnal scons: 278: O 
Hutsh IN Berwick}. 78. 85. GS. 71 . 203c M Gray 
72. 74. 3*5. P Ebon 
13, m. 7a ra 287:0 
~ sa 7S.2Bfc R 
68. 69. 221: G 
- ’A7V74.72:RWto 
74. aa 7a 2S3: K Robson 
nor). 73. 72. 74. 72. 2M P 
(Dora 6 TodsW- 73. 75. 75. 71. 2>fc L 

Qorsej. 7a 72. 75, 7a M Thoross 
~ 74. 72. 7«: □ Vsugton (Vale 
sa 75. 7a 

Angeles Oodpara Dvmn (NortnenaenL 74. 7a 
tonLaegMKNew MIM fTeyMlo tm. 74. 71. 
i Twine F Kansas Longmrtti IBoeorfl. 7a 73. i 
ws 4; Batamro Sm«i (KmaMon HW).K 71 


fowl Bc*m 7a 

^SS£^^. 7 t 


Won Lst 


WretoteWn ratt 3 and 2 

East Division 
New York Mats 
Montreal Expos 
PMtKttphta PhWes 
Si Loids Cardinals 
PKtsetBgh PlratBS 


Houston Astras 
Sar Fran Grams 
Sen Da 
LA Dodgers 
Adame Brews 

















































Dougan (Redmaa Heedir i and 2: 


chasieO all 9th: P Barlow (Grange Itetg M J L 

l£5 , ?3nd_^SW 

I QraanraH 

I ted!. 


(CasBoEden end PMarteeJbtJ ^wgb tRoyel CUSiMMsmKetoN 

- S 

W rwonMng)MC Webb(Wmigejrt)3and2:S Fraoman and B Tea 

and & M Hognesdon (Sutondau) 
■(Norai Uanchaner) S wdaiP 

i lAkiwidO M P 

Oouriay (Brancegom 

East Division 
Boston Red Sox 
NeW Ywk Yankees 

BeWmore Onolea 
Ctewtand tndent 
Toroto) Bta Jays 
MUvratow Brewers 

West DAMm 
C altamia Angels 
Texas Range's 
Kansas City Rayas 
Seams Marawre 
Chicago White Sox 
Demand AtMatics 
Minnesota Twins 























































.41 B 


Castle) 4 ana 3: G Krause 

5 Rotate (RofMi Liverpool) 2 end 1: P 
H obi naan UCrwbworthTbt A Coflins 
(DavyhuWia Park) 4 arid 2: 1 Stepheneon 
(Moorrown) tx N Comotty (Maxstoka Park) 3 
and 1: J Coe (Weieyn Garden CM M P 
Hateead (Fmrail 8 and K M Wad 
(HaWde) br R Granger (CoHhonte 4 and 3; G 
UcGutams (Herpendard br R Stevens 
mw-a Norton) t hota: A Hare (Stated) MJ 
bwlttoo IWndley HaD) 1 haft P Grftfttto 
(Oaranaidm or R Latham (Ponen Park) 2 end 
i: N Macoowa (Areot hbb bt N Mariln 
tWbttam Park) 6 end 4; WHanry 
Park- ---■ 

(US urde» tsmQ 270: B Cran*h»w. 69. 67. 
to. 88. 271-DTewea. 70. 88. 87. 66; J C 
SrjeeO. 67. 70, 68. 68: E Ron, 68. 69. 70, 67. 
TTiD Law. B5.S7. 70. TliBWacfdns. 89.68, 
70, 66. 274c G Sauers. 69, 67, 87. 71; S Ftee. 
.70, 67, 65. 72. 27Sc L Trevino, 89, 66.70. 88: T 

CWr. 68. 68. 71T6K JSIuraan. 89.67. 68. 7U 

TORONTO: LPGA tea— went t —tag tkte 
eoera* jus untaas staaeA 27fc P Bndw. 
73, TO. 67. 66: A OkamoiD (tepmL 73, 70. 69. 
64. 281: N Scranton. 70. 84,7& Ox E King, 72. 
67. 71. 71. 262: C Morse, 70. 73. 68. 71: C 
Johwon. 67. 68. 74. 73. 2ra R Jones. 72. 72, 
71. to. 2M s nnor. 71 . 71 . 73. to. A Alcott. 
7S. 72. to. 68: P Rizzo. 74. 68. 7a 71. 2K: D 
German. 75, 70.00. 71; D Uwey. 72, 68. 74. 
71: A Rioman. 72. 68. 72. 73. 




end G Hoknes ' 

Teacher. 7-6. 66 : R i 

and WMasur|Aii^ MC Hoo p e r eng M Leach, 


(Thames Seiant 
_ 1 Cup: 1. H 38. 

Carmen; 1. K 707. BatSksbp: Uia, 
Yeoman 26, Oees 3s Lochaa Co p: 1. K 7M. 
Bathshatn: Z K 515. Fkxmsn; 3. K 4360. 
FtoaorskaU!. Oa« 3: Michaal Brady Cop: 1.K 
53M. Local Hercx Z K 6136. Starlet 3. K 
5375. Cfly Lady Ctasa Club de fleigkm 
Qcl. K 6498. Diamond: Z K 250. Cacti; 3. 
K7277, Hannah, dess Ss Btc a wte ira y Bor- 
eery Cape 1, K 9109. HusebzUoc of 
Lymmgton: Z K 9140. Nazds: 3. K 3925. 
Sitaeat IV. Ctera C: l. 9145V, Reflex; z 
9S11Y.G eebea. 

MOUNTS BAY, Peaaaeo: Oapray oattonM 
championship; 1, 1227. Back to the FutualK 
Hobatson. Rode SCk Z 1197. Eta (B 
Handoa BMhfieid SCk 3. 1155. Gotdan 
Brown IP Adgnive. FtalB YQ-. 4. 1216. Swiff 
Half IS ParryTftole YCL 5. 1 1ll . For One and 
Al fl Cumow. Mounts Bey SC]. Cmr of 
Ptyawuth Trophy: 1. 3193. fsSawc; Z 3119. 
Honor: a 1930, Uatdot; 4. 9®. Atarm; S. 
3318. Lynastra (G and F Davidson tram 
Uehenor SCL 

IW ookits n car 1 . 119S. 
AnoajejOne Blta ihe^. R Marshal and 
Nk WMs JHayHng Maud SC* Z 1233. 

IPpr» and J Clarte (Hsykng isJsnd 
SC); 3. 1216, Swttf Hair. S Pany endP Fntn 
perse Yq. 4. lisa. Bk« Moon. P and BSmoB 
go«e Y^5. 1207. Scmatfino. C and S 


1: 1, C L09M9 3W 

MALLORY PARK: Sbafl OMe British 
ct— plotaMpT 13m found: SiOcc 1 . R 

Musk 4. G Bruragas and G Gardner 5. S 
Undsayend K Honey (U5L 


jkBGENTltllAN LgAOUC: FenocarrS Oeetfl 1. 
Deportfvo itshsno 1:J5E"9 !• 

Boca Jbwora i; E er ua ray d* a Ptaa 2. 
Velez Sarstad I: New o fft Old Boys 0. 

Pa m percentage GB * Gams OBhnL 


2 and 1: A Hll (Hazel O ro»e) bt 
on ttw rfcte;) W 0 Rpylfl paddey) scr M 
wseox (Mancftateo bt GGoodnunlLatn- 
ceston) sen M Scott (Pmn He« bt S Sente 
AtedBM 3 ate £ M PBlmer (Rnn Ctaua 
Pons) tf fl Lenvood (Drayton PartO< end 3; G 
Wamstay (Fetnhani) bt M Seawn (Goo 
Magog) 5 ate 4: D Ltmoa (Gisuortn n h 

Q^TpW^Che<W«tepOiNi»nO«ig»^ W 

fhok L V Utaffl W J.S Uteer Lyme) Send 5.SHamer 

8 Mrs M Warren (8) bt D H 4 Mrs MoorwK 
nffl +17 

S McLeod. 52Ase& nteteted SLianoh. 

mrinwHn patetnee after 14 rausdE 
SW* i. Burnett. i4ipu c2.»terBhte .ia;3. 
T Nteon. 82. 2S0 ob 1. MaeKauzk). 121: Z 
McLteo. 117; 3. Rjgtny. 60- 



■ c * n H —I..I lUt. .MM K. m !»■ DHL 

Santa A: Twiowrtram. Santa 
Santa ft Twtaertiam. Worae^c Ttemw. 
Women's Senior ft Sn nw-,fam.P« 
Mbtesey. Santa A;Sygnaf ,SaotaB:»anra . 
Sartor A cued taw: Mptasay. Wteta* 

acuta G Hayes (Peplv tod. 

Deporevo Esoaonoi 0. Oswwe ra Eagnm e N 
Pets Os Sto Lorenzo de Aknagro 2. 
Argentmos Juraors 1 . Tempertay 0. Union 0. 

FOOTBALL: The Hungarian 

national manager, Goyeigy 

Mezei. who had announced he 
would resign even before the 
Hungarians’ bad showing at the 
recent World Cup finals in 
Mexico, will become coach of 
Kuwait's national team. Mezey 
will be assisted in Kuwait by 
Sandor Egervari, the technical 
manager of foe Hungarian 
World Cup team- 


McMenemy firm 
over his future 
with Sunderland 

Lawrie McMenemy, the 
Sunderland manager, will not be 
driven out of Roker Park by the 
boardroom row involving Tom 
Cowie, the club’s chairman, and 
Barry Baiey. a director. Batey. a 
major shareholder, had de- 
manded a meeting with 
McMenemy. who followed his 
World Cup television commit- 
ments in Mexico with a three- 
week family holiday in Florida 
when it was disclosed he was 
paid £166.000 last season. 

McMemeny was accused of 
being the highest paid flop in 
British football but he insisted 
that he would honour the 
remaining two years of bis 
contract, despite the boardroom 
power struggle. 

“I must be allowed to 
manage,” said McMenemy. 
“There must be no more of this 
constant interference. For the 
dub to succeed Mr Batey and 
Mr Cowie must sort out their 
differences. There is no wav I 
am going to pack ii in and there 
is no way I am hiding from Mr 
Baiey. 1 will only go when 1 have 
brought success to the dub. 

“1 want to run a successful 
dub and repay my earnings. At 

the end of that period — Tom 
Cowie says it’s three years — 1 
want to be able to look back and 
say 1 have not cost the club a 

He also stressed that ibe 
chairman “went for a manager 
who he hoped would produce 
results over a period of time.” 

McMenemy has been accused 
of living rent free in an £85,000 
club house but he said that for 
four months he stayed in an 
hotel and that for six months a 
building firm allowed him to 
live rent-free on an exclusive 
estate to help promote their 

• Liverpool, who completed 
the League championship and 
FA Cup double last season, have 
reported a loss of £200.000. But 
they allocated £500,000 to their 
transfer reserve and. in addi- 
tion. the annual accounts, pub- 
lished yesterday, do not include 
receipts from tne FA Cup final 
or the £3 million they are to 
receive for the sale of Ian Rush 
to the Italian club. Juventus. 

The champions paid out £2.2 
million to players and officials, 
with three employees receiving 
more than £100.000 and 17 
others more than £50.000. 

Butcher fails to 
get his revenge 

Pasadena, (Reuter) — A goal 
by Terry ButcheT, who may 
have bis future settled today 
when he arrives tack at 
Heathrow for talks with Graeme 
Sou ness, foe manager of Rang- 
ers. failed to carry the Rest of the 
World to victory here on Sun- 
day in foe UNICEF charity 
match. The Ipswich centre half 
put his side ahead in the !4th 
minute only to finish on the 
losing side for the second time 
in just over a month to a side 
containing Diego Maradona. 

Butcher, a member of the 
England team beaten by two 
goals from Maradona for Argen- 
tina in the World Cup quarter- 
final in the Azteca Stadium, 
once again suffered the frustra- 
tion of watching foe world's 
greatest player clinch victory for 
his side, which this time was 
The Americas. Having given 
The Americas a 2-2 draw with a 
late equalizer in normal time, 
Maradona then went on to put 
away the decisive penalty for 
them in the shoot-out to decide 
the winners. 

After Butcher had headed the 
Rest of the World ahead from 
Gordon Sirac ban's free-kick, 
they went 2-0 ahead when Paulo 
Rossi put his dreadful last year 
behind him with a fine volley in 
the 58fo minute. The Americas 
fought tack, with close range 
efforts, first through Roberto 
Cabanas of Paraguay and then 
Maradona, himself; m the 88th 

Maradona had showed flashes 
of the intricate skills which 
played such a big part in 

Italy clubs 
on trial 

Milan (AP) — The Italian 
football tribunal began the trial 
of 54 football officials and 12 
dubs, suspected to be involved 
in an illegal betting scandal 

Napoli and Udinese, the First 
division league chibs, who in- 
clude on their books, Diego 
Maradona of Argentina and 
Edinho of Brazil, the World Cup 
slars. are involved in the case 
and risk, if convicted, a points 
penalty or demotion to the 
Second division next season. 

Club officials, who are bring 
tried for allegedly trying to fix 
results of matches, included 
Italo Allodi. a top executive of 
Napoli, and Latnberto Mazza. 
an industrialist 

The tribunal can decide 
punishments and. disqualifica- 
tions for members of foe Italian 
league, but cannot decide on any 
penal action. 

Argentina’s World Cup triumph 
and it was with the tally in 
penalties 3-3 that he strode 
forward for the crucial penalty. 
The Argentine, who had been 
closely watched throughout by 
Felix Magath, just as he had 
been in the World Cup Final 
against West Germany, cooly 
struck the tall wide of the 
substitute goalkeeper, Rinat 
Dasaev. The Russian had take n 
over for the second half from 
Pat Jennings, who had earlier 
distinguished himself in what 
was positively his last big match 
with a characteristic flymg save 
from Negrete. The 41-year old 
Irishman had come out of 
retirement for the game, which 
attracted a crowd of 57.000 to 
the Rose Bowl Stadium. Pro- 
ceeds will go to children affected 
by the earthquake in Mexico last 

The Americas were even- 
tually worthy winners of a game 
they had dominated with some 
scintillating close control but it 
had still seemed beyond their 
grasp when they were two goals 

THE AMERICAS: N Purnpido | 

(Sub: Rooerm Fernandez 

Josmer (Brazil), R Servin (Mftxcol 
Brown (Argentina V. J Cesar (Brazil. R 
Fafcao (Brazil), Ataman (Brazil), J Nunez 
(Paraguay). D Maradona (Argmbia). R 
Cabanas (Paraxayl. M Nogrea (Mexico) 
REST OF THE WOffiJB: P Jennings 
(Northern taland) (Sub. R Dasaev 
(USSR), M Renqran (BaipunQ (Sit): 
ClWng-Sun Park (South Korea)). U StieUia 
(W Germany). T Butcher (England). M 
Amoros (France). F Magath (West Ger- 
many). S Lertw (Denmark). G Stractian 
(Scotland). I B«anov (Soviet Union) (Sub: 
H Hermann ^•ritzartand). P Rossi ptaty). 
D Rocheteau (FranceHsubfHmouinJ 

Bassett on 

Wimbledon, newcomers to 
the First Division, are launching 
a double clean-up campaign. 
Their manager, David Bassett is 
determined to improve the 
club’s disciplinary record with 
suffer fines for offences — but 
for the first time the players will 
not have to wash their own idt 
after matches. 

A washing machine company 
has donated two washers and 
two drivers, and Bassett said 
yesterday: “Not having to laun- 
der their own kit is foe players* 
promotion bonus **. 

But Bassen knows that there 
can be no excuses for 
Wimbledon's disciplinary 
statistics. For the fourth consec- 
utive summer, the club were last 
week tolled before foe Football 
Association to explain their 


seals series 
for the Danes 

From a Correspondent 


Andelstanken, of Denmark, 
sailed by Henrik Soderlund, 
clinched the One-Ton Cup se- 
ries with a fourth place in the 
lam race, the third 27-mile 
inshore, here. 

Sailed in a steady Forte Three 
to Four, this was the only race of 
the series that was not marred 
by periods of calm that can 
severely influence the estab- 
lished order of a race. Starting 
well. Andelstanken chose the 
correct side of the course and 
rounded the windward mark in 
fourth place. On the penul- 
timate run she had climbed to 
second behind the Spanish 
Ameldos. but a dying breeze 
brought Sirius IV through to the 
lead, which she held for the 
remainder of the shortened 

Andelstanken was without 
doubt both a worthy and popu- 
lar . winner. Her hull is an 
improved version of the X-one- 
lonner of the Danish team that 
did so well in last year's 
Admiral’s Cup. whilst her sails, 
from the Danish firm of Di- 
amond that were also used by 
the second and third placed 
yachts, looked immaculate. 

'nilfIDMSHORE RACE: 1 , Sirius IV (Sp). J 
Touoes; Z Ameldos (So). M Martinez; 3. 
Rubin (WG). H Schumann; 4. 
Andotetonken (Dent V GreuMn: 5. 
Crfrafarw (GB), R Patuson: 8. Mean 
Machine (Nethj. P De didder. 

Other British placing*: 9. Hagar, C 
Griffiths: 18. Panda. P Wtwp: 25. Nadia 
Catcher. B Matthews: 27, Summer Wine, 
R neck; 29. Full Rett. J Richerts. 

Overall readta 1. Andeteanken (Den). V 
Greufich. 19650 posits; 2. S*1us IV (Sp). J 
” * ‘ , P 




US dominates 
field which has 
few Euroi 

c _ I; 2. Stilus 

Toubes. 174.25: 5. Pen Barcelona 
Zendrara, 16SJ& 

Uattarp. 160.®; 5. 

PMUSSon. 15&50. 

Other Btttah 
. .R 13, 


ii. Panda. P 
: R Matthews; 
ir, C Griffiths: 2S, FuB Pett, J 
; 32. Summer Wine, R Reck. 


The American powerboat 
driver, Ben Robertson, claimed 
his second victory in the 86 
Formula 1 world series last 
weekend. He won the Minne- 
apolis Grand Prix, but still lies 
second on the points table 
behind his countryman Gene 
Thibodaux. Both competitors 
run foe new Johnson V8 
powered catamarans designed 
by Second Effort in Florida. 

Best placed Briton was Andy 
Bullen who finished in fifth 
place. Rick Frost, previously in 
second on the points table, has 
slipped to third after breaking 
down on the Mississippi River 
whilst defending fourth place in 
the field of 20 outboard powered 

The series now moves on to 
Pittsburgh for the fifth of seven 
events. All Grands Prix are 
being staged in America, a 
departure from previous years 
when European countries have 
hosted the majority of events. 
This change is reflected in the 
line-up of competitors. Usually 
dominated by Europeans, 
Americans now not only make 
up the bulk of the field but also 
have some of the most compet- 
itive boats on the water. Europe 
is represented by just five 
drivers, two Dutchmen, Arthur 
Mostert and Cees van der 
Velden. two English, Frost and 
Bullen, and one Finn, Aarno 
Hakkinen. Formula 1 teams arc 
waiting for news of plans for 
1987 and are hoping the 
championship, will once more 
become a true world series. 
RESULTS: Chamoton Spark Rtoa Grand 
Frtatof flHnuMfwta 1. Ben R&raSoS 
(USL NAHJ/ Johnson/SE 9 pis; 2, Gena 
ThlbOdflux (Uk norinrtno 
Mamte/Johnson/SE 6 pis; 3. Artur 
Mosfflrt (NL). 555/Johnsan/Veiden 4 pts; 

Kennedy (US). Florentine 
Mafa tejEwn iixle/SE 3 pta 5. And* BuOen 

* ius 

Ma2te/&rtmudB/SE 1 pL WMd Serins 
potata^Thfijodaux 2i : Robertson 18; 


Southend girl on 
title trail again 

Memorable fight 
fit for a queen 

trf TIMES TUESDAY n JLY 29 1986. 

„ # , t 1986 



English crews in 
scintillating form 

Hardcastle is 
on target 
for her second 
gold medal 

Bowlers produce 
winning nms 


, v>. 

in a class of their own 


With one gold 
medal already 
safely in her 
grasp. Sarah 

Hardcastle, took 
a confident pace 

sdon and Jorane 
fied in the 100 m breaststroke, 
where they wia be jmned ^ 
Jean Hill of Scotland and Claire 

Tucker, of Wales. ; .. . 

peter Dale, the Australian, 
claimed the 

aconfidentpace » Engtand, 

towards, a ^nd yesterday. by when be 

tSs^sa&Wt wSSsaih 

recorded a time of Snun ago. of Scotland, 

tSSSriS qggjBfe 


— BfS a asarss£ 




STh'S K SLSd *SSf«{* Si Archie tow, 


sssShSLo^ffi’ 1 " jjsty ag iW 

ta Th?S5Eh SoofSmatlia relay. It's a terrible shame 

pJris.cSS5« Foot and Cfcro- because l^ve^ 

Hne Co oner set the fastest this year after missing last years 
iSlif^^Snes for the 100 m European, championships with 
butterfly, while Snki Brown- hepatitis. 

Australians hit gold 

Bob Northover 297 in the rapid fire, said; “I was 
and Michael happy enough with my Shoot- 
Cutler of En- ing, but I*m not happy with the. 
gland had to be silver medaL We came here for 
content with the the gold. 

Jgfjjl “When you compete in the 
m«ial m the pis- championships you do 

JC* ,r t j£2i 0tin8 * not expect to be among the 
Musselburgh yesterday. medals, but at the Common- 

The Australian tram of PM- Games you must have an. 

lip Adams and Rod Hack took _ 0 j| eil f chance ■ of winning, 
the gold with a new Games Today, however, the Anson* 
rerord score of U 65, eight Iians foot just too weU.” 
points ahead of England wno, 

like third-placed New Zealand, Cutler, a London solicitor; 
broke the old record. who scored 281 in preciaon and 

Both Englishmen were dis- 291 in tepid fire, felt that Tie bad 
appointed with silver, ^ 

Northover, from Sumy, who agreed the gold had gone to the 
scored 288 in the precision and best pair on the day. 

ing 2 min z/.vosec J u 
Moorhouse. denied the 100 m 
gold medal by Davis on Friday, 
achieved his best tune of the 
year, 2:18.57 to finish second 
fastest. Nick Gillingham and 
Murray Boswell of England, 
also made the final along the 
Iain Campbell, of Scotland 
The English trio of Samafoa 

Golde n shot: Gale Martin, of Australia, after her victory ia the shot putt yesterday 

Royal presence lifts Boxell 

297 in the rapid fire, said: “l was 

happy enough with my shoot- 
ing, but Fm not happy with the. 
silver medal We came here for 
the gold. 

“When you compete in the 
world championships you do 
not expect to be among the 
medals, but at the Common- 
wealth Games you must have an. 
excellent chance of winning. 
Today, however, the Austra- 
lians shot just too wdL" 

Cutler, a London solicitor, 
who scored 281 in precision and 
291 in tepid fire, felt that he bad 

let his partner down- But he 
agreed the gold had gone to the 
best pair on the day. 

The arrival of 
Her Majesty the 
Queen and the 
Duke of Edin- 
burgh has gal- 
- vanized the 
lifters in the 
90kg division to produce a 
memorable contest, won by 
England's Keith Boxell Fit- 
tingly the first to enter the arena 
was Mike Tererui, the 23-year- 
old representative of Cook Is- 
lands, whose weightlifting career 
commenced only nine months 
ago and who gave up his job to 
be able to lake put in the 
Games. His remarkable, though 
inadequate, effort in front of the 
Queen emphasized better than 
anything else the Games ideal 
that taking port is more im- 
portant than winning. - 
After that the “Royal Show” 

By Chris Than 

was in full swing. Following the 
snafgh, it was obvious that the 
winner was going to be pro- 
duced by the troika David 
Mercer and Keith Boxell of 
England, and Canada's Guy 
Greavette. Boxell a slow starter, 
foiled in his first attempt, but 
recovered to equal the Games 
record in the snatch with 155 kg, 
a fiat later emulated by the 

“I am always very edgy before 
a big competition and I felt even 
more nervous when 1 learned 
that the Queen was in die 
audience,” said BoxelL With 
both En glishm en lifting 190 kg 
in the dean and jerk, Greavette 
was soon under pressure and left 
the competition after foiling at 

Boxell instead moved ahead 

and set a new Commonwealth 
record of 1951cg and forced 
Mercer to attempt 200kg. He 
foiled, and Boxell took the gold 
with a new Games record of 

Away from the lifting po- 
dium, the day produced the first 
medals for Scottish 
weightlifting. Charles. RevoJta 
and Alan Ogilvie, second and 
third in the 52kg class, had beat 
told that they would, after an, 
receive their silver and bronze 
medals. The Commonwealth 
Games Federation decided to 
alter the medal distribution 
system and award the medals 
according to the number, of 
entries and not the number of 
competitors. The previous rules 
required at least five compet- 
itors .for three medals, four for 
two and three for one . 

Steven Redgrave 

and his England 

team-mates were 

in srirTfllating 
form in 

_ ■ yesterday’s row- . 
ing beats; Redgrave (on couree 

to add another two gold medals 
to the gold he has already won in 

the single sculls) and company 
competed in the coxless pairs 

and coxed fours and qualified by 

winning both heats to reach 
today’s finals. 

In die coxless pahs Redgrave 
and Holmes were drawn against 
New Zealand and Au stralia. 
They set course ta * 
rare, touching untiaBy 4> 
strokes a minute; and w ere d ear 
of their opponents in 2QMwke&. • 
At the quarter-distance' mark 
they were cruising fist and were 
three length* ahead before add- 
jng two more by half-way (1,000 
metres); By then their oppo- 
nents were becoming mercbtots 
on the landscape and the En- 
glish pair sensibly went into 
slow motion to save energy for a 

more challenging effort just over 

an hour taxer. 

It would take something out 
of the ordinary to stop the 
fng fUh pair daubing onto the 



By Richard Eaton 

. England's' 5-0 
victory over 
Canada, in .the 
team event .final 
* served only to 
remind . the 

achieving their expected dean 
sweep of six golds for foe.firet 
time is going to be extremely 
difficulL . 

Both England's top -singes 
players Steve Baddetey and 
Helen Troke, the reigning 
Commonwealth and. European 
champion, had to work hard to 

overcome determined Canadi- 
ans Mike Butter and Claire 
Sharpe. . . .- . ' • 

Troke remains a. strong 
favourite to keep her title but 
-top seeded Baddetey may have 
to cope with the impressive Sze 
Yu, who helped Australia win 
the bronze. 

don Wes champions 

. ByJifflRaflton 

highest step on die podium 
today- They could take on the. 
'world, never mind the 
Commonwealth, and are even . 
considered bettcras a coxed pair 
— tire event they wilT contest in 
the world dtampkmships in 
three weeks time. 

With that eaify success undgr 

their belts the Olympic dam* 
pious were joined by .Martin 
Cross, another. Olympic gold 
medallist, Adam Clin, -a world 
silver medallist, and Adrian. 
EHisom the cox. What a pedigree 

this crew has too. Their . heat in 
the coxed touts was a more 
exacting test against the Nc* 

and Nprtbenv Ireland thrown m 
for good measure and only one. 
crew to qualify directly for 
today's finaL - 

This was a tough test, with 
New Zealand taking an early, 
lead. England, however, came 
through before halfway and the 
crews were rowing strokc ^ror 
Stroke; But the English four 
extinguished ’• every . assault, 
thrown at them by their mam 
rivals and -frustrated them with 
some impudence by staymg m 
cruise control while -the Silver 

Ferns turned in a fost sprint at 
the finish, but to no avmL 

- England had the measure of 
the New Zealanders yraterday; 
but it is worth bearing m m um 
that Redgrave and Holmes will 
be seeking goMra *ecoxtess 


hardest and mwtexa^gteg 

of the Games. Engandsc^ 
fours time in the beats knocked 
17 seconds : off the previous 

in 1958. 

The English 

pleasant surprise i W>ra_AlM 

Whitwell and Cart SnnjL 
wifi contest the 
wei ght championships m. Not- 
tingham, won their heat. m the., 
b^vvweight double sculls, 
f pmH ty ing fix 1 the - final m the 
day’s festest time. The .«bra 

heat was won by tte Bruce Ford 
aM Itat Walter, of CanactajWfap 
won the Double ScuBs . Ca- 
tenae Cup at Henley m 1980. 
The English rowed a mature 
^ IiaK back foc^Austra- 
fians, ftuil Reedy and Brenion 
Terdl, and hoMmg them with a 

sustained finishing sprint. . 

By Gordon Allan 

ten Diddson, Diddson drew WO ^ 

of New Zealand, fovounw badt^and and jjfek 
and Wendy lace, finngwo^&ited « 
of En-. fraction to shift them. • 
gland, are . still Sengs McCTOne (Scotian® is 
unbeaten in Che { eve j on points with Mrs line 
singles-’ at beating Greta Etaey 

Balgreen. In yesterdays (Australia) 21-20 with two shott 

Balgreen. id - lAusmuai -rr 

matches Diddson beat one of pp me last end. Mrs McCroue’s 
his chief rivals, Alf- Wallace onJydefeat so for wasby Mis 
ranada) 21-20 and Mis Line- Line. At one stage she trailed 
jeat Margaret Kattmann fJar- Mis Fahey 9-13. 

rounded off England's win on 
Sunday, and the womens dou- 
bles in which Troke may play 
with former national champion 
Fiona Elliott lodes a good gold 
prospect. So does the^ mixed 
doubles. The mens doubles, 
however, remains -a . problem 

“SSJ&Sf England, skippered by Bar- 
Zealand) 2 M. Did^OT taa lunthe leaders mtfae 

now won .seven matches and ’fours. . They brat 

Mrs Line six. Northern Iretand, stawered ty 

Wallace beat Ray Young (Ma- Nan AUdy, 22-16. Swaziland, 
Iawi)2M0inthe morning but it ^ wen. second in the table, 
was a different ganur against j 2-25 to Australia. 

ERXiSFj/iBfik >tda EUfott and ! 

S^Hewas playtng with Tdaxed 
■control in contrast to tbeday jwwwwgitaar. 
before when, despite winnmfc 

hewBsbelowhis consistent faesL Botswana 38^14. Jh 

— . .. — » « ■ rramtriM m fm StSD 

Wallace pulled himself up to 
18-^19 and held tiuee shots tor a 

Freda Elliott and Margaret 
Johnston (Notthern Ireland) 
preserved their spotless record 
m the women's pairs defeating 
Botswana 38-14. The borne 
countries in foct stand at the 
head of afihirs infiiteof the six 

nULi.~> «l.« t n .il V 

ffyai m iwu wiui-uia " .w , , 

thebextend Diddson made foe Schutara 
score 20-20 with another draw . rand to 
shot under pressure. <bi -the.taat dii teteuc e, 
end,- a maximum length jack, yesterday. 

Scfanback (Australia! who is 
second to Diddson on points 
difference, did nothave a matefa^ 






Putland orders changes 
to standardize howls 




i 4 x ;■ 



I W JWi 

Gurnet Putland, foe Austra- 
lian president of foe Intra- 
national Bowling Board, 
•announced in Edinburgh yes- 
terday that at future Common- - 
wealth -Games and worid 
championships, playera.m an- 
gles will have to scra n 25 sh ots 
to win instead of theprerent2I 
(Gordon Allan writes). ;. 

This represents* compromise 
be tw een foe northern hemi- 
sphere game (21 shots) and foe 
southern (31)1 It will be left to 
the various national associ- 
ations to decide whether they 
adopt the 25-up law: Am Alli- 
son, president of the Scottish 
Bowling Association, said be 
hoped his country would do so. 

The IBB bylaw .relating to 
professional status has been 
relaxed and now reads: . “All 
■players are eligible for selection 
for Commonwealth Games ex- 
cept those whose principal 
source of income is derived 
from playing the game of 

This means that only fuD- 

time professionals such as Da- 
vid Bryant and PraraBefliss are 
now excluded. WUlie'Wood of 
Scotland, the 1982 Common- 
wealth -Games singles p>Id 
medal winner, would become 
eligible again, 9™* he m a kes a 
Uvmg as a garage mechanic as 
well as earning money from 

Mr Putland said that ; other 
sports took a liberal attitude m 
this matter taxi he did not see 
why bowls should not do the 

A new category of IBB 

membership affiliate tnember 

— would allow countries with 
Jfewer than five bowls dubs, 
such as Tonga and foe Cook 
islands to compete at future 
Commonwealth Games. . Mr 
Puttand said the larger number 
of competing countries would 
enable leagues to be operated 
instead of foe present aft-play-*!! 
system, which is scarcely pulling 
in foe crowds at Balgreen. There 
iaseatmg for 3300 but so fef the 
maximum attendance has been 
about 900. ! r '. 

England in command 

By Philip Nicksan .. 


W?: TtaiiSi l^ia 8. Hand 


A -y' -Sf 

^ & 

i. W'%. 


626.14: 4. P Rannur 
PeadJ (Encd. 837^4: 

p; vV> : . >,:• 

• : - i .■ . 

r * ; ft ' • :-4y ; . 

U \ i 

' fn 

T*- tl 


. England 
judo's first 
appearance in 
the ■ Common- 
As the one-day 
tournament progressed to the 
final rounds, England’s fighters 
were so much in .command that 
none of them had been elimi- 
nated from the 14 men's and 
women's weight categories. 

Yet this was despite the feet 
that even though judo has been 
classed as a demonstration sport 

not officially included m the 
medal tables, no fewer than 16 
countrfeshave takeupart 
- The world champion, 
England's Karen Briggs, looked 
as devastating as always, whip- , 
ping her opponents over '.onto 
their backs with her body drop 
throw and following fiercely 
into ground work to finish the 
fight 9 k met her main rival in 
the world. Scotland's Anne- 
Marie Mulholland — foe only . 
woman to have beaten her in the 
bantamweight category in the. 
last three yetas-* in the poohrta ■ 
foe start of the day. 

It wasa dose and tense affair 
with the Scot exhibiting, att the 
couragemta unpredictability of 
a tenter. But Briggs had the 

finesse of a world champior 
and, though she was unable tc 
score, a unanimous decision wai 
given in her favour. However 
with the top two fighters going 
through from each pool . d* 
likdibood waS that the two wil 
meet each other- again in tat 

In the men's b antam w e igh 
. ca te g or y, foe Olympic bntai 
medal winner, Neil' Eckersley 
and his cfub- colleague, Cta 
Finney, fought with -extraor 
dinfcry determination^ ihfougl 
separa t e si d es of the draw toftp 


characteristic , fighting -patten 
was the same — an ability n 
maintain phenomenal pr&spfi 
on their opponents until wot 
down by the constant atfackifl 

they could only submit to « 
armlodc . '.V: 4 . 

. Particularly ' remarka M e r wa 
the 86-kilp middteweuttt catt 
gory .where,, as had bean 'ex 
pected, White found hinjsd 
feoe v to fee© with bis maii 
EtqsJush’ rival Ray StevenSr .li 
the final - Both had looke 
impressive, on their- wa 
through, withWhite eUmmatin 
the farmer^ worid brontie medal 
list, Kevin Docherra, ofCanadJ 
and - Stevens - produong soifl 
spectacular wins. .. - T 


' i ‘ i ^ •* - c - ,,r - 


..'il l, MU, 

T, ■ r." i ■' r ; ■ j ' 

. . ana, - aoa - w> 




Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

that R«j?®nfc 


f 1 «ie 



1^53. 001 U **3L*l 

The Ebp| . l ^ 



Ion Allan 

^•ckison dm,- 

g^un» h5j“ • 1 
anng ui» &SJJ 
to shift 

tavfE **£*•* Bbfc 

pomis whhuT 

0;.i> de^sofer^ 

*i n ‘e' 1 Me °2» & in 
Mn Fshei Q-]a * ** 

. sbppsrej |- k 

kn Fuller, are ihe Icadm,* 
V 0K,CT ’» .Swn, TWl 

Nor.nera Ireland skSI 

N “ ^d>. IM6. S 
'■f.o *<r? second in it 
o>; i io Ansindia. 

Fr^ii Qlion nd % 
Johnston (Nonhera^ 
pmencd ibeir speaks* 
n she * ora's pan Jfe 

Bo:mas 3»-l4. Tfc fc 

> fcarirss ia Jaa sada* 

• rcodofc&sinmtofti Dickucmmfrr 
s-r^ics heirs ifct napat 

: S.-huMCk Husain) 4i 

• VlV'T.C [o Dicbsca a p»» 
: d:;Tsrs^«. did cinnap 


iers changes 
rdize bowk 

. ;;-is "rofttSiosahsKlB' 
\ B'2?.J and Bfc 
*x.'iudiO- tt£ 
ie ifi’CaE 

r . 'j. uc.U» 

via *ooJd tec 

r .'. *:T-*.*iaia.sawh* 

. f. ai'a pap 

^ asraiQB ®*S C 

^iV,’ p— j 2 od said 


.* , ind. he ddc 

v: should#** 



* .Mvs 

C '• 

I'OUflDB 1 

; : cs TasP^S ; 

r'- 1 

• .._,. rflUMlSf' 

T,— v-Tt comtffi 

:->';' : =2WisW^ 

Jj !!tf prcf^fftr 1 

BBC 1 

BM Ceefax AM. 

6^0 Breakfast Tim* wrtth Frank 
Boughana Debbie 
Greenwood, Weather ax 
S-55, 7.25, 7.55, 8^5 and 
8-55; regional news, 
weather and traffic at 6.57. 
7-27, 7.57 and 8J7; 
national and intern auo naJ 
news at 7.GO, 7.30, too, 
|*30 and 9.00; sport at 
7.20 and 8.20; and a 
. . . review of the morning 
newspapers at 8^7. Plus, 
the juraor and adult 
'phone-in Advice Lines; 
Aten Titehmarsh’s 

■ gardening hints: and a 

recipe from Glynn 

9 2D XIII Commonwealth 
Games, introduced by 
Steve Rider. The line-up is: 
' bowls - the Men's Singles 
and Pairs, and the 

• Women's Pairs and Fours; 
badminton-, the Women's 
Singles; rowing: Women’s 

- Coxed Fours and 
Lightweight Scdls, the 
Men’s Coxless Fours and 
~ Double Scute; swimming; 
and shooting: the Small 
Bore Prone. Rapid Fire 

- Pistol, and Olympic 

1 JM. News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore 
Includes news headimes 
with subtitles 1.20 
Regional news. The 
.weather details come from 

BIB Giles 1.25 

: Fbigermouse. A See-Saw 
programme for the very 
' young with iar? LaucWan 
and Jane 
t do C o m m onwealth Gaines 
and Cricket Cycling, 

. >wimt/and 

shooting from Edinburgh; 

from Lord’s, the final 
session of the fifth day’s 
play In the match between 
England and New 

fi no News with Nicholas 
WicheU and Frances 
Coverdale. Weather, 
fi 35 London Phis presented by 
John Stapleton, Linda 
.MttcheUand Caroline 
Right on. 

7 on Vintage Morecambe and 

. . Wise*. The first of a new 
- -series, introduced by Ernie 
Wise, featuring clips from 
thevery early Morecambe 
‘ • and wise shows. Their 
".guests in this programme 
from the Sixties are 
MiUicent Martin and The 
Fortunes, (see Choice) 

7.30 EastEndera. Cassie is 
upset by what she 
overhears of a 
conversation between her 
parents; Dot is saved from 
being the victim of an 
unsavoury joke; and 
Angie's scheming against 
Den involves Sharon and 
the brewery manager. 

8.00 ’AUo 'Alto. Rene's cafe is 
the scene for three 
separate assassination 
attempts on General Von 

- Klinkerhoffen. The 

- unpopular commander is 
wanted dead by the 
Resistance. Colonel Von 
iStrohm, and, Herr Flick, but 
Rene is unaware gf vytmt 
is going on. Starring 
Gordon Kaye, Richard 
Marne r. Hilary Minster and 
Richard Gibson, (r) 

- (Ceefax) 

8 JO Points ol View. Barry 

Took with another ' 
selection df viewers' 
tetters from the BBC’s* 

9 JO News with John Humphrys 

and Andrew Harvey. 

9J0 XIU Commonwealth 
Games, introduced by 
. Desmond Lynam. 

_ Weightlifting, swimming. 

• diving, rowing, cycling, 

- badminton, bowls, 
snooting and boxing, are 
featured this evening. 
(Ceefax) ' 

11.30 The Taste of Health. 

Judith Harm presents the 
first of a series on healthy 
: cooking. French chef 
Christopher Buey and 
. Madhur Jaffrey - 
concentrate on meals that 
need to be prepared in a 
hurry, and fishmonger 
Philip Diamond gives tips 
on choosing and dressing 

on choosing 

J ■ fish, (r) 

11.55 Weather. 


6.15 Good Momina Britain 
presentd by Ahne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon 
Honeycombs at 630. 730. 
730, 8.00, 830 and 9.00; 
financial news at 635; 
sport at &40 and 7.40; 
exercises at at 635; 
cartoon at 735; pop music 
at 735; Jem Barnett'S 
postbag at 835. 

Wacaday presented by 
Tunmy Mafleti. 



9.25 Themes news headlines 
followed by Struggle 
Beneath the Sea. 
Creatures that use the 
ocean bed as camouflage 
930 The Uttle RascateMr) 
10.05 Cartoon 10.10 
Jayce and the Wheeled 
Warriors. Cartoon. 

1030 Galaedcs 80. Science 

fiction adventures starring 
Kent McCord 1120 
Courageous Cat Cartoon. 

1130 About Britain. The River 
Bann seen from e 

Presented by I 

12.00 Jamte and the I 
Torch, (r) 12.10 1 

Drama serial about an 
Australian family during 
the Forces. 

1.00 News at One with Carol 
Barries 130 Thames 
news presented by Robin 
Houston. 130 Tucker’s 
Witch. The husband and 
wife detective team are 
given the task of finding a 
stolen Mexican mask, a 
sacred symbol of the 
Yucatan Indians. 

230 University Challenge 

International. The first of a 
new series. University of 
Auckland v Jesus College. 
Oxford. Presented by 
Peter Sinclair 3.00 
Heirloom. A new senes 
presented by antiques 
expert, John Bty. in which 
viewers’ items of interest 
are valued and appraised 
335 Thames news 
headlines 330 The Young 
Doctors. Medical drama 
series set in a targe 
Australian city hospital 

4.00 Jamie and the Magic 
Torch. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Moomins. 
Cartoon, (r) 430 
Storybook International 
The Enchanted King. A 
peasant girt tries to 
release a king from a spell 
put on him by fairies. 

. (Oracle) 4.45 Splash. 
Magazine programme in 
which the young viewers 
deddo the content 

5.15 Survial: Head-On Clash. 
Two rutting bighorns fight 
for supremacy in the 
Wyoming Rockies. 

5.45 News with Martyn Lewis 
630 Thames news. 

635 Cro ssro ads. 

7.00 Emmerdale Farm. An 
evening in the village turns 
sour for Joe and Karen. 

730 Name That Tune. The first 
of a new-series-bf die -- 
music quiz game, 
presented by Lionel Blair. 

830 FBnc Casey’s Shadow 
• 0977) starring Walter 
Matthau and Alexis Smith. 
The story of a Louisiana 
father and his three sons 
who scrape a living by 
training and boarding 
horses. They find 
themselves with a 
potential champion but at 
odds with the race 
authorities when they want 
to enter him in a top race. 
Directed by Martin RttL 

10.00 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Pamela 

1030 Broken Keats. A 

documentary about the 
build-up to tne present 
heart disease epidemic, 
(see Choice) (Oracle) 

1130 Hammer House of 

Mystery and Suspense: 
Paint Me a Murder. An 
artist's wtfe persuades 
him to fake his suicide in 
order to increase the price 
of his paintings. Starring 
Michelle Phillips and 
James Lauren son. (r) 

1235 Night Thoughts. 

i Broken Hearts, 
, 1030pm 

10.30pm) is about cardiac arrest, 
not fractured romance. It is 
alarming more than alarmist, 
setting the testaments of 
heart attack survivors ( my 
picture shows one of them) 
against the grim frieze of 
statistics of those who 
succumbed (200 deaths In Britain 
every day: one in every 10 
British males before retirement 
age). As the excessive 
consumption of animal fats Is 
known to be one of the UHing 
agents, there is something like 
statennspimd murder in the 
spectacle of hillocks of dripping 
chips being shovelled on to 
school-meal plates. The 
reassuring news in Taylor 
Downing's Important 
documentary comes from 
Finland and Wales. The former 
has embarked on a dietary 


re-education scheme that is 
losing the North Karelia 
region its reputation as the 
blackest spot on the world 
heart disease map. Wales has 
launched a screening scheme 
based on the adage mat 
prevention is better than 
cure. And. as exerose is an 
effective weapon in the war 
against the coronary, a new 
meaning is given to the Tebbrt 
injunction to get on our bikes. 

AND WISE (BBC1 . 7.00pm), a 
new series of toghhghts from 
the comedy duo s black and 
white days, contains all the 
clues that explain why their 
popularity endured for almost 
another quarter of a century. One 
of them concerns their 

'scripts. The reason that most of 
today's comedians won't 
survive the decade, let alone the 
century, is that there is a 
dearth of writers like Green and 

• Graham Johnson replaces 
Crosstey and Brendei on the 
piano stool in tonight's Uszt 
Week recital f BBC2, 
lO.OOpmj.Ail songs this time, 
the singers being the tenor David 
Rendatl and the mezzo 
Felicity Palmer. Liszt called them 
tus orphaned songs because, 
like his children, they ware 
illegitimate, being neither 
Germanic Lieder nor French. I 
found it a touching 
experience to be admitted to the 
orphanage, especially as 
these offspring have long been 
relegated to the shadows. 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

635 Open Un i versity: DMA - 
The Thread of Life. Ends 
at 73a 

9.00 The Pfnk Pantiter Show. 
Three cartoons. (r)930 
Dudley Do-Righl The first 
of a new series of 
cartoons, set in 1920s 
Canada, about a reluctant 
Mountie. 935 Think of a 
Number. With Johnny Ball, 

930 Nawsteund Special 
Delivery presented by 
John Craven 935 The 
Adventures of BuUwinkte 
and Rocky. Part three. <r) 
10.00 Why Don't You-? 
Entertaining ideas for 
bored youngsters, (r) 

1035 The Adventures of 
BuUwinkte and Rocky. 
Part four, (r) 1030 Play 
School, (r) 

1030 Cricket First Test The 
morning session of the 
final day's play in the 
match at Lord s between 
New Zealand and 

1.05 AnEngfishman’s Home. 
Carlton Towers near 
Goofe, the Yorkshire home 
of the Duke of Norfolk. 
(First shown on BBC 

135 Cricket and Racing. 
Further coverage of the 
last day's play in the 
match at Lord's between 
England and New 
Zealand: and four races 
from the opening day of 
the Glorious Goodwood 
meeting - the Mofecombe 
Stakes (2.30); the Oak 
Tree Stakes (330); the 
WiBtam Hia Stewards’ 

Cup (3.40); and the 
Gordon Stakes (4.10). 438 
Regional news. 

4.30 The Roman Holidays. 
Cartoon series set In 
Rome in AD25. 

430 Hekti. A serial about a 
young orphan girl living 
with her grandfather In the 
Swiss Alps, (r) 

5.10 Fame. Lydia and Coco 
compete for the same part 
in an off-Broadway 
musical, (ri 

6.00 XIII Commonwealth 
Gaines introduced by 
Steve Rider. Highlights of 
this afternoon's events 
and live coverage of (our 
swimming finals. 

830 -WUdHfe Showcase: . . - 
Migration in the Wake of 
the White Pelican. A 
video, made by israeH 

Moshe Alpert, following 
the white pelican from its 
nesting place in the - • 

Danube Delta to its 
wintering ground in Kenya. 

830 Steam Days. This fourth 
programme in Mites 
Kington’s series on the 
wonders of steam trains 
deals with those that 
carried freight only. 

930 George Washington. Part 
three of the slx-eplsde 
dramatization of the Ufa of 
the first President of the 
United States. 

1030 Uszt Week. My Orphaned 
Songs are explored by 
pianist Graham Johnson 
with Felicity Palmer 
(mezzo-soprano) and 
David Rendell (tenor). 

10.45 Newsnight 1130 Weather. 

11.35 Cricket: First Test 
Highlights of the final 
day's play in the match at 
Lord's between England 
and New Zealand. 

1235 Open University: 

Mussolini with Knickers. 
Ends at 1235. 


230 F8nv The Scamp* (1957) 
starring Richard 
Attenborough and CoUn 
Paterson. A sentimental 
tale of a young boy who is 
beaten and neglected by 
his drunken father and 
befriended by a 
schoolmaster and his wife. 
Directed by Wolf Rllia. 

4.10 Film: The Hayseed* (1919) 
starring Fatty Arbuckle 
and Buster Keaton. Silent 
comedy in which an 
overweight hick becomes 
a hero. Directed by 
Roscoe Arbuckle. 

430 Dancin’ Days. The re- 
launch of the disco is a 
success and Julia receives 
a proposal. 

530 Bewitched. An old witch 
tells Endora that 
Samantha must marry her 
son and promptly makes 
Darrin disappear. 

5.30 Pete in Particular. Shire 
horses and cats are 
featured in this week’s 
edition. (Oracle) 

630 Remington Steele. The 
first of a news series of 
the comedy thrillers 
starring Stephanie 
Zimbatist and Pierce 
Brosnan as investigators, 
Laura Holt and Remington 


635 Murun Buchstansangur. A 
new series of cartoon 
adventures featuring the 


grubby little creature. 

nnel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and Alastair 
Stewart includes an 
interview with the outgoing 
chairman of the Coal 
Board, Ian McGregor. 

730 Comment With his views 
cxi a tqacal matter Is 
Mitko Calovski, 
Ambassador of the Social 
Federal Republic of 
Yugoslavia. Weather. 

830 Brookslde. The police 
Investigating Sheila'a rape 
arrest tneir chief suspect 

830 The Wine Programme. 
Programme one of a 
repeat of the second 
series first shown in 
March last year, presented 
by Jands Robinson, hi this 
opening programme she 
tackles the question of 
how to taste wine with a 
visit to a tasting at 
C lari does. 

9.00 The Price. Episode one of 
the three-part thriller, set 
in Ireland, about a 
millionaire whose wife and 
daughter are kidnapped 
and held to ransom. Will 
the man pay? After all, the 
marriage Is going through 
a tricky period due to the 
30 year age difference 
between the two. and the 
wife's daughter by her first 
marriage has a none-too- 
happy relationship with 
her step-father. Starring 
Peter Barkworth and 
Harriet Walter, (r) (Oracle) 
11.00 The Max Headroom Show 
from Blackpool's Pleasure 

11.K Too Close for Comfort 
The first of a new 
American situation 
comedy series based on 
(TVs Keep it In the Family. 
Ted Knight plays the 
father of two attractive 
girls trying to break free of 
their lather's over- 
protetive attitude towards 
them. In this opening 
episode the girls make the 
first break by moving out 
of the family apartment to 
the vacant flat below. 

Ends at 1135. . 

( Radio 4 ) 

On longwave. VHF variations at end 
535 Shipping 6.00 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

635 Prayer is) 

630 Today, incl 630, 730, 

830 News Summary. 

6.45 Business News 635. 
735 Weatner 730, 830 
News. 720 Letters. 735. 

835 Sport. 7.45 Thought 
tor the Day. 835 Parliament. 
8.57 Weather: Travel 
9.00 News 

&05 Tuesday CaH: 01-580 
441 1. Pnonenn 
1030 News: From our own 
Correspondent. Life and 
politics abroad. 

1030 Morning Story; Good 
Losers by Maureen 
Fitzsimmons. Reader; John 

10.45 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 110) (s) 

11.00 News: Travel: Thirty- 
Mmute Theatre. Hidden 
Depths by Alexandra 
Melmck. With Maggie 
McCarthy as the woman 
determined to find a 
husband (s) 

1133 The Living World. Derek 
Jones explores Thome 
Moors, m Yorkshire. 

1230 News; You and Yours. 

Consumer advice. 

1237 Brain ol Britain 1986 

Second round; Scotland. 
Wales and Northern Ireland. 
1235 Weather: Travel 
130 The World at One; News 
1.40 The Archers. 1.55 

230 News; Woman s Hour. 

With Sue MacGregor 
330 News: The Afternoon 
Play. Ring of Truth by 
Michael Davies. Wrtn John 
Davies and Sue Jones- 
Devts. A young lad turns 
detective, trying to fmo 
out who tus fatner is. (s) 

430 News 

4.05 Soundings. The morality 
and politics of food 
430 Irish Arts Week. Christina 
Reid, BeHast-bom 
playwright, m conversation. 

5.00 PM. News magazine. 

530 Shipping. 535 
Weather 6.00 News; 

Financial Report 

630 Counterpoint. General 

musical knowledge quiz 
chaired by Ned Snernn (r) (s) 
730 News 
735 The Archers 
730 Tbe Shropshire Lass. A 
profile of the writer Mary 
Webb, narrated by John 
Darran. With Sue Jones- and Gareth 

8.00 Sounds uke~A 
celebration of birds, in 
words and music 

830 The Tuesday Feature: 

The Griffiths Guide to 
Gardening. Joe Griffiths 
explores our national 
obsession in words and 

9.00 In Touch. For people with 
a visual handicap 

930 Writers on Blue Paper. 
Heroes by Michael 
Langan, raadbySfewart 

9.45 Irish Arts Week. 

Recottecoons of Brian 
O Nolan, alias author Flann 
O'Brien and newspaper 
columnist Myles na 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Under a Monsoon Cloud 

by HRF Keating (2). Read by 

1030 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

11.30 Today in Parliament 
11.45 Persona Grata. Laune 
Taylor chooses a 
favourite character m fiction 
1230 News: Weather. 1233 

VHF (available m England and S 
Wales only) as above except 
535 -630am Weather; Travel. 
135-230jpra Listening 
Comer. 530-535 PM 
(continued). 11.30- 
12.10am Open University: 

1 1 .30 Open Forum . 1130 
Science: Metabolic 

( Radio 3 ) 

On VHF: - 

635 Open University. Until 
6.55am. Moder art- 
Roger Fry 
On medium wave; - 
635 Weather 730 News 
7 35 Concert Vivaldi 

(Concerto m G.for two 
mandolins. RV 532), Tattis 

(4-pan Motel Spent in 
ehoum), Francaix (Quartet 
for cor angtas.stnng mo), 
Dvorak (Scherzo 
capnccioso. Op 66). 830 

8.05 Concert: Britten (Canticle 
U: Abraham and 
isaac.with Pears, tenor). 
SuJbvan (Symphony in E). 
9.00 News 

935 This Week's Composer 
PagamnL Trio 

and Violin Concerto No 2 

10.00 BBC Smgers: with Peter 
Harvey (baritone). 

Brahms (Three Motets. Op 
110). Oisson (Six Latm 

10.40 Overture. Intermedia. 

Finale: Wolt-Ferran 
(Overture: Susanna's 
Secret). Gimenenez 
(Intermedia La tone del 
oral. Meyerbeer 
(Fmale:Les patmeurs) 

1035 Test Match: final day. 
England v New Zealand. 
Until 630 

On VHF: 

1035 Dennis Simons and Peter 
Donohoe: violin and 
piano. Copland (Sonata). 
Shostakovich (Sonata, 

Op 134) 

1130 Pied Piper more about 
Berhoz from the late 
David M unrow 

12.10 BBC Scottish SO {under 
Gibson). With Linda 
Finnie (mezzo). Part one. 
Sibelius (King Christian U 
sute).. Mahler (Lieder eines 
fah randan). 1.00 News 

1.05 Concert (contd): Leighton 
(SymphcmyNo 1) 

1.40 Guitar encores: John 
Williams plays works by 
Milan. Mudarra and Sanz 

135 Bach's St John Passion: 
Collegium Aus Choir/ 
soloists Schreier. 
Thomaschke and 

430 Classical and Traditional 
Folk Music from China: 
performed by the Guo 
Brothers. 435 News 

5.00 Mainly for Pleasure: 
recorded music 
selection .With Richard Baker 

6_30 Flowering of Italian Lute 
Music: Christopher 
Wilson, Tom Fmucane in 
works by. inter alia, 
Barbenis. Molinaro, 

Azzaioto and Galilei 

7.00 Barnacled! Sean Barrett 
and Maggie Shevlin in 
Enc Ewens's duet sfor 

738 Proms 86:London 
Smfonletta (under 
Andrew Davis), with Stephen 
Roberts (baritone). Part 
one. Stravinsky 
(Monumentum pro 
Gesuaido di Venosa)ad CD 
annum: Dallapiccola 
(Preghiere). Tippett 
(Concerto for Orchestra) 

826 As Others Saw Us: 

Britons In the 16th 
century (r) 

830 Proms 86: part two. Hans 
Werner Henze (Five 
Neopolitan Songs). 
Stravinsky ( Puldnefla 

935 Autumn: June Brown and 
Bernard Hepton In Susan 
HUI'S play 

1030 Musk Group of London 

Piano Trio: Ireland 

(Pnantasie m A mmof)„ 
Brahms (Piano Trio No 1) 
1030 Bournemouth 
Smfonietta (under 
Norman del Mar). .with 
Christian Btackshaw 
(piano). Mendelssohn (Fa k 
Melusine overture). 

Mozart (Piano Concerto No 
24). David Matthews 

1 137 News. 1230 Closedown. 

C Radio 2 ) 

430am Charles Nove (s) 530 
Ray Moore (s) 730 Derek Jameson 
{$) 930 Teddy Johnson (s) 

1135 Jimmy Young is) 135pm 
David Jacobs (s) 230 
Commonwealth Games Special 
with Ken Brum and Renton 
Laxliaw. Also final day of Test 
between England and New 
Zealand ana the opening day at 
Goodwood. 830 Derrts Lotis 
presents. ..The BBC Ratio 
Orchestra (s) 935 Sports Desk 
1030 The Impressionists 1030 
Sloe Coaches, starring Roy 
Kinnear and Andrew Sachs 11.10 
Brian Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from mionwht) 
1.00am Nlghtride (s) 330-430 
i Night Musk (s) 

A Little I 

( Radiol ) 

News on the halt-hour from 
630am until 830pm than at 1030 
and 1230 midnight 
530am Adrian John 730 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bates 1130 Rad» 1 
Roadshow from Eastbourne 1230 
Newsbeat (Bank Partridge) 

12.45 Gary Davies (Top 40 singles 
chart) 330 Dave Lee Travis 
530 News beat (Frank Partridge) 
535 Bruno Brookes 730 

Radio 2 1030 As Ratio 1 
I2.00-4.00am As Radio 2. 


630 Nawsdesk. 630 Counterpoint 730 
News. 7.09 Twenty Pow Hours. 730 Tha 
Particular Plan. 745 Sponsworid. 830 
News. 839 Reflections. 8.1S Tenor and 
Bamone. B30 Aspects of Lost. 930 
News. 939 Review ot British Press. 9.15 
The WOrid Today. 930 Financial News. 
9.40 Look Ahead. 935 What's New. 1030 
News. 1031 Windows on Urwerae. 1130 
News. 1139 News Atom Britan. 11.15 
Sponswoito. 1130 Ongns. 1230 Radio 
hewsresL 12.15 Lesha. 1235 Sports 
Roundup- 130 News. 139 Twenty Four 
Hours. 130 Sponsworid. 230 Outoak. 
Z4S PTWSp Jones Brass Ensemble. 330 
Radio Newsreel a IS A JoUy Good Stow. 
430 News. 439 Commentary. 4.15 
Sponsworid. 535 Sports Roundup. 735 
Report on Relignn. 930 News. 538 
Twenty Four Hours. 630 Omnibus. 930 
News. 931 Sponsworid. 9.15 Concert 
Had 1030 News. 1030 WOrid Today. 
1025 A Letter From Scotland. 1030 
Financial News. 10.40 Reflections. 1035 
Sports Roundup- H30 News. 1139 
Commentary. 11.15 New Waves on Short- 
wave. 1130 Lesfce. 1230 News. 1239 
News About Britain. 12.15 Ratio News- 
real. 1230 OmnSxiS. 130 News. 131 
Ounook. 130 Report on Religion. 135 
Coixitry Style. 230 News. 239 Review ot 
Brash Press. 2.15 Sponsworid. 230 
Mystery ol the BhjeTrtin.330 Neva. 208 
News About Britain. 3.15 Worid Today. 
435 Reflections. 430 FlMnaaf Nows. 
530 News. 539 Twenty Fotx Hours. &45 
Worid Today. AH time hn GMT. 

FREQUENCIES: Ratio 1:1053kH 
92.5; Ratio 4: 200kHz/1500m: VH 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; Worid Service: 

z/285m;1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Ratio 3: 1215kHz/247m:VHF-90- 
HF-92-95; LBC:1152JcHz/261m: VHF 97.3; Capital: 1548kHz/194m: VHF95.8; BBC Ratio London: 
Service: MF 648kHz/463m. 

RBC1 WALES6.35pm-730 Wales to- 
HSii day 1135-1230 News and 

-day 1135 - 1 : 
weather. SCOTLAND 635pm-730 

Scotland. NORTHERN RE- 

Games and Cncket 535440 Today's 
Report 530-630 made Unr 635- 
7.00 Ron Harrs Canoon Time 1135- 
1230 News end weather. ENGLAND 
635pm-730Regxxal news magazines. 


Reports 130 F*n: Stitcftin Time* 

1 1.00 Granada Reports 1135 About Brit- 
ain 11.05 About Britain 1130-030 
Connections 130pm Granada Reports 
130-230 Afternoon Theatre 330- 

4.00 Sons and Daughters S.15-5.45 Bev- 
ertey hbOB4kes 630 Granada Reports 
630 This a Your Right 635-730 Cross- 
roads 530 Minder &00-1030 
Bnflesheed flavifed 1138 Man in a 
Suucase 1230aai Oosedown. 


Thing 930 Once Upon A Time_Man 
1035 Sesame Street 1050 Short Story 
11.15-1130 Smurfs 1230pm-130 
Gardening Time 130 News 130-230 

FamOy Theatre S.156A5 Emmerdale 
Farm 6.00 North Tomght 535 Crossroad! 
730-730 Me and MyOiri 130 Hotel 
900-1030 Bnedeshead Remaned 1130 
Johnny Cash In Sen Ouanw 
I230em News, Closedown. 


930 Sesame Street 1035-1130 Lit- 

tle House on the Praine 1 J 
135 Lookergund 130-230 f 
and Simon 5.1 5-635 Whooe Baby? 630 
Northern Lite 535-730 Crossroads 
530 Quinn 930-1030 Brideehead Re- 
vtSMd 1130 Johrxw Cato in San 

Quentin 1230am 
With It?, Ctasedown. 

s God Got to Do 


MTV WEST As London m- 
n 1 v tvcoi 

Street 1035 Ihroom Tales 1030 
World o> Stones 1135-1130 Rate 
130pm News 130-230 The Baron 
5.15-545 Me and My Gel 630 News 
635-730 Crossroads 830 Magnum 
930-1030 Bndeshead Revolted 1130 
Man in a Subcase 1230em 
Cloeadown. - - 


n 1 v Wfw-co except 935am- 
1035 Sesame Street 6.00pm~63S 
Wales at Sk. 


end the Wheeled wamors 950 
House on tne Harbour 1035 Short Story 
1135-1130 Captain Scarlet 
1230pm-i30 Lunchtime Live 130 News 
130 Horses far Courses 230-230 
Leave H WMrs O'Bnen 330-430 Country 
Practice 5.1B-S45 Whose Baby? 

530 C ale n dar 635-730 Crossroads 900 
Ouncy 930-1030 Bndeshead Revis- 
ited 1130 Mann's Best Friends 1200 
Show Express 1230am Closedown. 


South 1030 Gtanroa 10A5-I2l0pm 

Royal Service from Glasgow Cathedral 

1230-130 Gardenra Tana 130 
News 130-230 Man ai a Suitcase 330- 
430 Sons and Daughters 5.15-&-45 

Enumer at e Farm 630 News end Scot- 
land Today 635 Crossroads 73C- 
730 Take the ffcgh Road 630 Magnum 
900-1030 Bridesnaad Rewsoad 
1130 Late Cal 1135 Murder. She wrote 
1235am Close. 

ANGLIAAs London except 935am . 
Sesame Street 1030 Canoon 1035 
Gienroe 1130-1 130 Once Upon a 
Tane_Man 1230pm-130 Gardena tor A9 
130-130 News 5.15-535 
Emmerdale Farm 635 Crossroads 730- 

730 Me and My Girl 830 Magnwn 
930-1030 Brxfesheed Revisaed 1 

1130 TJ 

Hooker 1225am Tuesday Topic. 


Street 1030 Jack Htibom 1035 Car- 
toon 1130-1130 Captain Scariet 130 
News 130-230 Country Practice 
216-5A5 Sons and Daughters 6J)0 

630 Acton Onlay 635-730 ( 

900 MBgnum930-1030 Bndeshead 
Revolted 1130 Mystenea ot Edgar Wal- 
lace' 1210am Closedown, 

TV? As London except 928am 
-US Sesame Street 1030 Jack Hoi- 

bom 1035 Canoon 1130-1130 Cap- 

ton Scarlet 130pm News 130230 

Country Practice 5.15-54S Sons and 

;Daugmers 900 Coast 10 Coast 635 Ro- 

be* 5 635-730 Crossroads 830 
Magnum 930-1030 Bndeshead Revisit- 

ed 1130 Mysteries ol Edgar Wallace 
1230am Company. Ctoswown 

1035 Snstideouss 1030 Robostorv 

1130 (XxsUpona ‘nme-MrorLte- 
1130 Cartoon I30pm130 News 
230-430 Sons and DeugNars 5.16-545 
Me and My GUI 530 LocSarouid 
635-730 Crossroads 530 Hotel 900- 
1200 Bririeshssd RaetsMsd 1130 
Mann's Best Friends 1230 Oosedown. 


950-11-30 Blythe Spmr 1230pw 
130 Gardening Tlnie 130 News 130- 
230 Afternoon PlaytKHtse 5.15-545 
Who's The Boss? 630 Crossroads 925- 

7.00 News 900 Magnum 900-1030 
Bndeshead Revisited 1130 Johmy Cato 
m San Quentin 1230am Job finder 

130 Closedown. 

TCIU As London except 83Sem 
ISS. Sesame Stre«1035 Captain 

Scarlet 1250 Max the Mouse 1130- 
1130 Connectians t230pm-130 Leave M 
to Mis O'Brien 130 News 130230 
Hart » Hart 33 8 -430 Sons and Oautff 
tars 915 Gus Honaytxm 5304L45 
Crossroads 830 Today South West 935 
Totowews 635-730 Carson's Law 
830 T J Hooker 930-1030 Bridastuto 
Revolted 1130 Postscript 11.45 
Mann's Best Friends 1236am Close. 

C4C Starts: 130pm Dancin' Days 
23= 130 Alice 200 Ptatabalam 215 
Menial 235 Wembley Football fto- 
oeo 205 Sons ol Abraham 230 VarVsh- 
■ngTribes ol Africa 430 Bewitched 

5.00 PeppmoS30Moneysp«ner 900 
Looks Famkar 645 Let's Parte* 

1030 F*tv Scarecrow 1210am 

Ill CTPR As London except 
HtSLLEn 935m Blockbusters 950 
Sesame Street 1950 Under tne 

Mountain 1130-1130 Cartoon 1J 

Lunchtime 130-230 Claps 330-4 
Dreams 21S94S Whose Baby? 630 
Sunsner Edton 630 Diary Dates 
630 Cartoon 635-730 Crossroads 830 
Quincy 900-1200 Bndeshead Revis- 

ited 1130 Cniettains in China 1225am 
News. Closedown. 






OAOHCAN HALL 628 879J5/638 
B891, TOnt .7^6 UW* 

. Vovka 


:: 2 .'* x TT sB 5 r J com™ st. wa. m? 9ta» cc, 

. - •• HARVEY & THE 

- “ - ' y. WALLBANGE^ 

ir. , u 

’ j". J W3 5 

si v* 

UMB Sai. Eve* Bam Tew* lw* 
£960 I-Hxmca) 


AMf - TISTigt PAY Aiep 

iy. a t — -* riai — 

•- -M ., . DMiy ifl awe pai. “ 

i«i J- AUB»«t lO Grand Hall. 

CTympta. ! > *** ■ "«■ A 
-..I famin' ameanon an : ab out 

.-CJ .•.> t r - Saudi AratSa. Wchjrttoo weeial 

nil ■.■■tuiBM ft 

--- *•* -’’"•ri '•■ 

1 " .-hH 1 I- 1 *4J]!S [ 



1 n ’\; 

COUSCIUi BooUbs Oeena Aog * 
tor 1*86/7 Semen 


T l i n ti n /TW 

Sai£*£mnB oTB 36 2699 for 

Wai H a ae •» 

w«b the London wuma rowntc 

OUT Pewltiie raruraa poly 

MOYAL. rttoVALMU- *28 

'• SIM CC *28 r 
nekettaamr S79 6*S9 


Until Ana 19 Eves T .sp. sa t 
WU Sac 

Art? An» RMMlJtot 11-16 
- - Ana Ca gga j M 


- Oardra, WC2- Ol-ZaO- 
>066/1911 66 nwW 

avail from tomn eo me «ay 

liftt"* MtflT 

Trait. FY1 730 
Toaor. TTW. MOO 7JCX S* 

9 30 A 7.30 The tMTOi Aflfc 


Can Ot-278 08» fuT iMour 


JUtnn* 036 7611 or 3*0 7915 

ffbSWl 9999/BS6 

kBCn Sale* 930 MM F 

6433 Grp tote* 

Ceflsanr 7 

fee) NOW 

Cafl 24ftr 7 7X0MV 





IMOn Air “ 

mi w v air e— ea— L or -836 

3878 OC 379 M« CC Wt 
6433 Group Sale* 834 3962. 
iStioii inaSSttntmTO 



-moeNiincgKTr* Timg- 


Cve* 6. Mate T W A Sal 430 
(no peril Toot A ao mat Thu) 


•Xxpkwvw Succwf-Teuy 


Fran the CMcMur Festival 

«m QUA 

-A umiriiw htt—conian 
famous sons than any othe r 
walcal of the centmar** Ttmea 
Eves 7 30 Mats wro * Sal 230 
24hr 7 day K boo ktno on Ft* 
on 01-240 7200 0*8 fe*> 

A34 3698 FKJB CH Ol -2 *0 7200 
Croup Steles 01-930 6123 
MOD-Frt 830 S« 430. A 21 5 
Tnura mate 3.00 


m “TME AWAfO FESTp gagP 






CC 6» 6262 TOXWSPJ ecST9\ 
6455 let calf cc 04l>r) 240 7200 
iBke fm Orn Sa**».**® 

EVH 7.46 Mate TUB 4HMJ 


Mutectte - 

Dtewtelt » TRE VOR. Krt ft gj 

swLY MM to teox omcr 


IHHIi Ol 628 6796/688 

^^ <M ~SSi3?35K 

mScm theatre Tj^t 

TME HT TDn*l 73P |f» 

uay seals entyi. We d. 2 40 
Tnur ZOO A 730 NJDP 

TWO. Fri 7JO. Sal 230 A 


uuim raaa 38i3i2 


Eves TJ& Mate Tbu*! SM 230 

CMUKfRLL Brotnlry *50 6677 
MMWm, tv*. 7.46 Mai 
Ttmr A Sat 230. 

I 01-030 

2578 CC 7*1 0999. Ftrol CaS 
2* hr 7 dav CC 240 7200. On 
SMH 900 6123 Mmt-Frt 830 
SM 630* a*6 



a comedy Bw am m ai 


ioooy rem ■ - 


-A mewBertc evesuagr Wttpn 

-A» U»»y aa • royal M 

D. Tteegraoh 

-Hus* ete My ahfc- .F.T. _ 

“Ornsaaf wrlmf Mnf 


O Map 

928 2262 CC 
(National Timm aaR anm- 
i leriunU Preview* Ttiur to Auo 
a at 732 00 — Ana 6 al 730: 

avreRKM Air Coed 8930 3216 
CC 59 6666/379 6*33/7*1 
9999. Ortte 836 3962. Evas 8.00. 
Vhu mar_ 2JO. sat 330*^30 



MWcb and Oirecled tiy 

OI 680 8846/01 636 8g3 g/?.OT 

Tlf|- 7 Day CC SSS 242S. 
^OTO Saws 9306123. 



snieoiroER or we worm- - 





Mon-Fit 730 Thu MM 230 Sal 5 


ftSSTL at ■* * 

01-856 BIOS 01-240 9066/7. 
First can aa-rwur rdwor Mas 
2*0 7200 too M9»ne tee) 







Errgs RO BUB W*U 3.0. 

S*l 63 * 8.30 
croue DM MO 6123 


2*0 8230 CC 579 6366/6433 

Sara Bar Mai a. 

i * a 7. 

DUNE OF YOENS 836 61 22 OC 
836 9837/7*1 9999/240 7200 
Era 8 Thu 5 eat 6 6 830 

“""stepping out‘ 


Hit Oomedy tv mama Han* 
□Inroad 6V Jut* McKenzie 
"umaa yourse lf jtu .Y" to 
■ ye RF ECT itrmtr o th 


(Ate CmhQ S 

2238 KP 741 9999 Ore Satea 930 
61 23 MOD to Fri 8 8al 830 Thw* 
« Sal 330 



«■ Drtnoa back yew faith m 

a cMl" BBC 

OA RR ICK S 836 *60l OC 379 
6*33 * OC 2* hr/7 day 2*0 
7200. Evja8. Wedjnal asat 6 & 



437 1692. CC 379 6*33. 
Bfcg Fee ut Cati 24 hr 240 7200. 
Orp Sates 930 6123. Eves 8 *■ — 
Wad 3 Sat *. 

Abww uoyd wtobtePrcMBte 



An American Cranedy by 
Ken Ludww 

DlreeM W David fab n i ne 

T7S5. Evenings 7A6 Mai Sal 

aAiR ma pyatiteMte t. 

aues wtfrRAiatnr" com- 

Dbttr MaLra 

HARIF SIEAP 72 2 9301 Exes 8. 


an oflte * and CC Ol 930 9832. 
Find Call 2 * w 7 day CC han b tn ga 
Ol 240 7200. PIWXW Thur. Fit 
A Sat 730. opera AIM * at 7.00. 
Dlrert from Broadway 



By Enecna O'Neal 
funded By Jonathan MOiar 
Eves only Mon-SM 730 

»YYi. _ _ 

930 *006/6606 2066/2866 
TTq n it m ae tcr 379 6131 
Fint Cal OC 240 7200 




tea by WCHABD 


Dtracled by HAROLD PRB4CZ 
Open 9 OCL 

LHSW I HI 1 a WS R *37 7373. 
*37 206& OC 734 6961. 379. 
6*33. 7«| 9999. Ftnt Call 34 Hr| 
7 Day CC 240 7200. ft* Salrn 
930 6123. 



A ru t A-Troao r r u e 
Mra-Frt 7 JO Mate Wed 2.00 
Sal 2.30 A B.OO 




Ave W1 01-437 3686/7 01-43* 
1630. 01-434 1060. 01-734 



“He an br eaX tawy r unny " Gdn 
*'HUarMua_~ S. Tbaaa 
"A r arc awai te B of 
comic exrmarooon" Tanaa 
Evna 730. Matt wad m Sat 3A. 
Croup Sales 01-930 6123. 

Reduced pneo mate mu item A 
CAP Stand-by 

7 DAY 

- . <jW.til.Z49 7289 

(MO HOtRUHR 111) 

JAN *87 

LYTTELTON f 928 2262 CC 
OMtaoal TtoaHnS proaentum 

ftaee) Preview ToqX Opara 
Thmor 7*6. Then My 31 to 
«e 4 A Auo, 1 2 10 16 I, M 
Brian Clark. 

MAYFAIR S OC 629 5036. MOh 
Thu 8 Fri /Sat 5 AO A 6.10 


Tb* Real T X Mar ter yaeO-SM 


“An unabashed wbbo" S E» 
“SewaaonaT "nmea 


an wataai au- ri»»i 236 oeoe ■ 
7*1 9999. Ffeet OU1 CC 240 7200 

Steven BERK OFF 

•ran Roth; 1TBA 1 

nr S. Tele 
LtmOed Sara nr 
(Pretewateo food a drtnkl 



SCO SEPARATE E A T — 3 mater 
COTTE31 jOC rxcefiiwt cheap 
■rata days ol pari* as theatre* 
from lO 

20331. C 

Info 653 0680 . AM 

*06 0072 CC 379 6433 Ewaa 7.46 



from Dec i to May so 1987 or tv 
t el epho n e on 01-579 6433 

ouvwr *r «s zua cc in»- 

Today SM Oow prica maO A 
7,16. then Auo 7 to 11 
FRA VBA - Afteal Kraal 
Ceawdy. by t l uua rd Branton 
and Darid Hare. Tumor 7.15. 
men AUO 16 * 16 YtRMDAB. 

*86 2*31 CC 579 6*35 

cc HotBn* 486 1953 

T-*6 Sal Mat 2-30. 

CC 437 63Z7 or 379 6*33 
Fat Can 2«Hr 7Day CC 240 7200 



evea 7.30 Mate Thu 6 S4 2JO 

the Interval, 

'f^ami «r g 

_ . cc 240 

9661/7*1 9999. FHW GXB 24 MV 
7 day* 340 7200. ftB Sates 930 
6123. Eves TJO. Thter mol 3. Gate 





Review n ag arina 

(Ms SO Mats Wed 9 A Sal 6 

73* 8961 FW CHI 2* Hr 7 Days 
cc Boe hm s 836 3*64 Gn> Soles 
990 6123 

MoteSM 6. Mat Thnrs 6 Bat SjOO 



PRBKE OF WALES 01-930 86811 

/2CC Hotttne 930 0844/6/6 ftp 

Sates 930 6123. Keith Pro ve 

74} 9999/579 6*33 FHCB 2* 

hr T day 2*0 7200. a 


■■W WtiTP MUKCAti 


fY I7~ r.Tim 

■HEAVDP’ E ShorteJ 

Evea 7 JO. Mai Thur * Sal 3. 

>01-734 1166/7/ 

0261 /Ol 2a 


low fmce nans, now 

Mm6M 8 Mate Wad 230 Sal 5 

ROYAL COURT S CD 730 1746 

eve* aa w mm *a A 


AlrowL nr. by Smote Cutis A 

SAVOY 01-886 8888 CC 01-579 

6219. 836 0479 Cveninaa 7.46. 

Mate Wed 3. Ste 6 & 830 

awsrwm cowm 






car by S4K31An. BLAKXMORE 

ST RUtBTBPB OI-S36 14*3. ۥ*; 
teal CC Nu. 579 6*53. Evga JkD 
Turn 2A6. Sat AO and &Q 

34th yr •* AOATHA UlllllE's 


SnUIB 836 2660 CC 856 
S*3?6i90T*l 9999 TO* 00 
24 Hr 7 Day OC 240 7200 ftp 
Sam 930 612S 


ra tea ateaa maL mM 

Ugafh 7.46 Mai Wed 500 
^£tet 4JO A 8.16 

Tamar. Fri 730 ■*- 
... - MM Thur 130 SM 
730 Pftetfa Ida Thu 730. 

Sat 130 te»— Til i Mi. Rroar 

TOBiahL Thmar. FJf 73a 
Every Mete Thus 130 SM 
73 a Mteamra Thu 73 0 Sal 

13 a Far medal maai/mratre 

deals and hold amp over row 

(07891 67262. 


“Ttia vary best c t Brown's cantici 

VMBCVUX, WC2. Bax QfflcJ 
and CC 01036 9987/6648. FW 
can (CC 2* bro 01 -240 720080 
teeL Eves 730. Evea 73a Wed] 
mho ua 6ats sn a Lisjad 

DUOTISUT T Over 200 Parti 


V S CHM BA PALACE 83-834 1317 
Eacs 730 Mate Wed 6 SM 2.46 



/mib n!i ■" Thnaa 
Ateo book on Mr mu, ^ ayjw 

7 orois. (BfcgFeri woo * 


mi HRR Bl ER 01-05* CSSS / 4 
CC 83* 0048. Fir* cad ee 94 nr^ J 
days 240 7200 A cc 741 



Murder btyatsor 

-wawr tej; mrenreTER- 

1 Ol 930 
7766/839 4466 CC Ol 579 
6068/6*53. 741 9999. CTOS Ol 
8563963. Mrm-Frl ROOi Wed Mai 
waste 600 6 83a 


By JA PneMbw 

Bsr_ ■ 

WORLD" S. Earns 


Crpe 836 3962 
Eve* 8. SMI 6 * 830 

For A Lladted liaaaa 

‘^’’ ShS 'C^ Saaro* *“ 

BV Donau Fined 

ttoeded by RAROLb PWTR 

-An UtieUgHti and ttimtiMBW 

Way- Tlreea^-FuU of psaMn. 

Y O O W8 «K STUDIO 928 6365 
Eves aam. WltendlMroC*. 



wean centre. EC2. oi^sa 


Time Pufc-sa ew te a _ 
Swa era ** S. TDnai DCTOD- 
EO TO 18 AORUSr. TuevSai 

!Oacn-6.46pin. 9a 6_B IM S 

i2-646em. ci arad W radi y . 

except B. Hate AdndMfaa£26 


(tea ol ST AUOUSTStiC OP 

IRPPO (384-4MOL Moo - Sal 

IO*. Sun a 306. Adm hne- 

. 2 1 st Harrogate mo- 
ral 2 Wh Juty-tSUl Auguat 

Bond St roeL W.l. 01-629 8116 

SCU LFTURE^^^— ih 

t Aoaui*. | 

_ ,jr ART 30 tone 
gg wt J w!& i| S w£! 

Unto 8 ln Aug^ a Mo»-FH lO- 


ms aziJ 

Fri lOdsan. Sat by ay Mutmanl 

eady- 4th Floor. 3 Ctiffonl 

Sue, London. Wl. T*L Ol 

437 4534 

MAI T— SEN 7M M aaa W sYard. 
Duke a. SL jameah. swi. BA- 
ROQUE m 1420-1790 Uttfl 15 
AUOUSI MOteFTl 10-5. 

Sand St. Wl. 629 667& Safel- 

Mttea at _ SR ateterra _ by 

26 July . 14 AuguiL MtetPri 9- 
6.30. — 

tier 8 l London SWT. Ol 584 



SK PAPER SMtefete 

btnen created by EDUARDO 
PAPtozzi. sratv sat too. Sun 
2306. Adnlnt^^^M 


LY. Ol 73* 90 S2 Op en gaHy 
106 tacSun. CLOSE D OH l ath 


EXI PS moll £2.40. £130 

cone, rote ireducao rate Mlo on 

Sun. untn 1.45) cc boaktug 01 

741 9999 

Hie NMMnal Museum of Art ft 

Pawn. & Ifrnrtnatnn WIL- 


i-MteTMeurs. MABIEBPfltOI* 

— runmiwnnr Atton. 


Recorded bife. Ol 581 4894. 
Wkdyt 10630. Suns J-vl 
630. dosed Fridays. 


B ABSM AR U 01-628 8796. SIB- 
denl ennes: C2 to pate: Tiaceia 

bookanie. FtMOCtfio (U) 430 

A 630. Today Kids Qu b Oh- 

stentManbeniiW) BABY - Mb 

Hon ii.oo * a3t>^ 



3.50 6.186 046. 

FAD M 2.30 436 6.40 830 

499 3737 Ftist Call 24HT 7 Day 
cc 240 7200 (BXO Feel l ta ust r 


VMM (FO) FDm M 1.50 (Nat 

Sun) 3-45. 6 IQ ft 640. 

1 Avenue Wl 439 4806. FUM 

Cell 24 Hr 7 Day CT 240 7200 


(IS) FHm at 2-00 mot teg 

4.10. tx2Q. BM. LAST WEEK 
From Fri Return of A ROOM 

wrm a ww (POL 



727 4043. MD 

(18) 230 mot San) 44 0, 630 . 
9 jOO L.N. 11.16. VEROMKA 1 
■Mf UFl ft StRtSET BMU. 

930 6202 <Eno)/9SO 7615 124 

hr Access/ visa/ AnriOc Booh- I 

mat) wwt Dtsncy^ HMMte 

OJ) Ptia uu— BM 

1230 306 630 tiSIdinR 

bookable in tetetera^^ra 

579 3014/ 

836 0691 IB i MAMCY <18L 
FHm M 130 330 6.15 B36. 

AFincA-tPCP nanyi336j09a 


2738) wan DtaneyTPAHTAEU 

(U) Sep penes DMt y 130 9JOO 

aia All srate b oohahte la ad- 

1930 6111 ) lido 930 4260 / 

1 (151 Sen paras I 

open Dally 200 800 800. 

CredU Card Hut Ltne (A c e— 

f \ tea /AMSti 839 1929 . 2 * 
hour service. £230 seals raaft- 

abto Manday an peris. AB proBB 

b ou fc sbls A advance. 

3011 ) TW KARATE KB - 
PBBTB (PB) Sep Preps Doan 
apen P M» 536 . 636 . 806 . Be- 

dhead prices ter under 169. 

Prow Dean omte^ratete 
iija i. 18 . ab] 

> EI 30. 

BEHBBI 837 8402 
„ FtoB « 2J26 43B Cl45 900 
3- POUCEUS). FDhi at 1.45*00 
rn“°„,„ A» 


C onti Haed on page 3t 






Ffnt inched 101785 

Coe’s hopes in 

jeopardy as 

virus flares 

By Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Sebastian Coe’s chances of medal. Coe got his revenge in 4:39.63, to round off victory 

the 1,300 metres, handing 

contesting tomorrow’s Com- 
monwealth 800 metres final 
against Steve Cram, and po- 
tentially winning the first 
major 800 metres title of his 
.career, look to be in jeopardy 
after he finished his semi-final 
in third place yesterday, gri- 
macing from the pain of a 
chest vims. A withdrawal by 
Coe, or a less than competitive 
performance against an on- 
form Cram, would be the 
ultimate anti-dimax to these 
13th Games after the boycott 
farrago. Coe will make a 
decision over whether or not 
to pull out of the Games 

Coe ran 3 min 48.07sec in 
the semi-final won by Peter 
Elliott, but almost collapsed in 
the exit tunnel immediately 
after the race and said: “I've 
never felt so bad after running 
a time like that. I’ve been 
feeling ill since Friday. I want 
to race in the final and I’ve got 
two days to recover.’' 

Even in that unlikely event, 
Coe's participation in the 
1,500 metres, again against 
Cram, which would involve 
two more races on Friday and 
Saturday, looks in greater 

metres, „ 

Ovett his first defeat at that 
distance and the comparable 
one of the mile in 46 races 
over four years. 

Coe was back to record 
breaking again in 1981, the 
year that he ran that superla- 
tive 1:41.73 in Florence. But 
the onset of a viral infection 
was only diagnosed when Coe 
was again surprisingly beaten 
in the European 800 metres 
championship in Athens by 
the little-known Hans-Feter 
Feraer, of West Germany. Coe 
had to withdraw from the 
subsequent 1,500 metres in 
Athens, and also from both 
800 and 1,500 metres in the 
Commonwealth Games in 
Brisbane the following month. 

More Games reports 
and results, page 38 

A recurrence of the viral 
infection caused Coe to miss 
the inaugural World Champi- 
onships in Helsinki in 1983, 
and then, when he was finally 
fit and on good form for the 
Olympic Games in Los Ange- 
les the following year, he came 

doubL up against the stronger and 

Coe had looked comfortable faster Cruz and again finished 
in winning his heat in 1:53.13 second in the 800 metres but 

three hours before his semi- 
final, but even that modicum 
of effort, for a man who holds 
the world record at 1:41.73, 
must have proved a contribu- 
tory strain for the semi-final. 

Despite that magnificent 
world record, which only 
Joaquim Cruz, the 1 9S4 
Olympic champion has ap- 
proached, Coe has never won 
an international title at 800 
metres. When he first emerged 
as a world-class competitor in 
1978, he chose to miss the 
Commonwealth Games that 
year in order to prepare for the 
European Championships 

again going on to capture the 
Olympic 1,500 metres title. 

Now, whatever the result of 
last night's deliberations, there 
have to be the strongest 
doubts about Coe's capacity to 
even compete here, let alone 
win. He would evidently be 
better husbanding his re- 
sources for next month's Eu- 
ropean Championships in 
Stuttgart, which may prove to 
be his final attempt at dial 
elusive 800 metres title. 

Daley Thompson accord- 
ingly won his third consecu- 
tive Commonwealth dec- 
athlon title, and his score of 

but with a score four points 
less than in his competition in 
the South of France three 
months ago. But Thompson 
had the last laugh. Having 
come out wearing the 
sponsors' name on his vest 
number today, be tore off the 
vest after the last event to 
reveal the legend on his T- 
shirt, “pure athletic genius. 
Not even the sponsor could 

If Thompson’s Scottish 
mother counted for something 
with the home crowd, Liz 
Lynch put up the fiiil score 
when she won the first gold 
medal of the Games by a 
Scottish athlete, in the 10,000 
metres. Lynch trailed Ann 
Audain, of New Zealand, for 
most of the race and at one 
point looked like losing con- 
tact. But she took the lead with 
two laps to go and ultimately 
won easily in 31:41.43. with 
Audain second and Angela 
Tooby. of Wales, third. 

Debbie Flinloff of Austra- 
lia. added the 400 metres 
hurdles gold medal to the one 
she won in the flat race the 
previous day and Phil Beattie 
ran the race of his life to win 
the men's title for England. 
Mark Hollo m. who had been 
carried off the track the previ- 
ous day after similar chest 
problems to Coe, decided to 
compete and only lost the 
bronze medal in the last 10 
metres of the race, before 
collapsing on the track again 
and being carried off. But he 
revived more quickly this 

Gale Martin duplicated her 
Australian colleague, 
Flintoffs achievement, when 
she won her second gold 
medal, in the shot, to go with 
Sunday's discus. Martin threw 
1 9 metres to beat Judy Oakes, 
of England, on 18.75 metres. 

.uropean K ■“ r~ uuuvu uuv| uuujp owmv ui 

where both he and the man 8,663 points was one of the ten CnSfohlo npcfnrp 
who was to prove his major best ever. But any chances of a ^Oiuiuic gcaiuic 
ompetitor in the next few world record had virtually 1 — 

disappeared yesterday mom- 
irised. as lavoumes tor me ing when he failed his first 
inal by Olaf Beyer, of East discus throw, threw out a 

marker to a reasonable 43.72 
metres and then, going for the 
big one, failed again. His pole 
vault and javelin were also 
less than good enough to stay 
in record contention and he 
ambled around the 1,500 me- 
tres in his slowest time. 

years, Steve Ovett, were sur- 
prised as favourites for the 
final by Olaf Beyer, of East 
Germany. Coe finished third. 

Coe set his first record 
world record at the distance in 
1979 but made a tactical mess 
of the Olympic final in Mos- 
cow the following year, when 
he let Ovett get too far ahead 
and had to settle for the silver 

Lesotho's six-strong squad 
are being taken to an Edin- 
burgh tailor to be be measured 
for uniforms for the closing 
ceremony. The team only got 
to the Gameswith some late 
cash help, and were going to 
parade in their tracksuits be- 
cause their budgets did not 
stretch to uniforms. But 
Guinness heard of their plight 
and have stepped in to assist. 


Winchester pulls himself together 

By John Hennessy 

• Winchester, the hold- 
er ot the English amateur 
championship, survived a dif- 
ficult introduction to this 
year’s event at Hillside, South- 
port, yesterday. After a ner- 
vous start, he came through to 

beat Malcolm Lewis by two 
and one. 

Winchester’s year as title 
holder has been so turbulent 
that he might have hoped fora 
gentler opening day. Both in 
the United States, where be 




' Ifwfttrin 3 months of accenting 
Premier Loan sou obtain a 
comparable loan offer ftomasimllar 
institution on benerterms, send us 
| the offer - and we unconditionally 

guarantee you:— 

* the right to dear your account 
without notice AND - 

difference in ctages incur red y 

2 FREE _ 

If you return your appficattn 
within 30 Days 

Mss. if you return your application 
within 30 days we will pay the full 

has taken a golf scholarship at 
Florida Slate University, and 
at home his results have been 
so inconsistent that he has 
flirted with the idea of giving 
up golf altogether. 

He reached his nadir in the 
Berkshire Trophy last month, 
wheD he packed up after only 
five holes, his mind, rather 
than his golf, apparently in a 
complete whirL His fifth place 
in ihe,Brabazon Trophy a 
month earlier had thus lost its 
point in terms of welcome 

All this must have loomed 
large yesterday when he start- 
ed with two sixes and lost the 
first two holes to Lewis, a 
Walker Cup player three 
year's ago. A poor six iron 
second allowed Lewis to win 
the third with a bogie five and 
three putts surrendered the 
long second. 

Results, page37 


premiums on a special redundancy 
plan for you ... this valuable peace 
of mind cover is yours FREE foM2 , 
months. Full de?3/te when you recerve J 
your Premier Loan informatio n pack. 



Again, mother BIG PLUS for 
Premier Loan. Free life instance 
wif! cover the fall oirtstantfing 
balance forthe full loan period. 


With Premier Loan you know 
precisely where you stand. There 
are no fees or any otter charges 
tot getting a loan. 




Equivatait to 128% where loans 
qualfyfortax relief. 

£2.000 to C30B00 available with 
tow repayments over 6 to 20 years 


£6701 monoft {£4.824.7? total repai 


Send for you r information pa ck and 
tee personal Quotation today Post 
the coupon using our FREEPOST 
service (no stamp needed) or 
DIAL 100 andaskfcr 

f mflste any 



Rease send meMI details lor a loan oi 







3 re*mer House Cnatham Street 
teaimoRGl IBB W 0734 591313 


Premier Portfolio | 

"" sj, — ■ 

simply better personal finance! 

Under a grey, dripping sky, 
Winchester's spirits must 
have been in his boots, but he 
pulled himself together splen- 
didly. He subdued the long 
fifth with driver, one iron and 
chip to six feet and a solid four 
at die eighth took advantage of 
a mistake by Lewis. 

Winchester matched 
Lewis's birdie at the ninth and 
took the lead for the first time 
with another birdie at the long 
1 1th, a 20-fooi pun atoning 
for an indifferent chip shot. 

There was only one in it 
after 15 holes, but 
Winchester's short game, 
glowing with renewed health 
now, won the short 16th, 
where he was the one who got 
up and down from off the 
green, and he holed manfully 
from five feet for a half at the 
!7th, where Lewis posed a 
final threat with a birdie puu 
of 1 5 feet Whether or not the 
patient is truly on the mend 
will be revealed in the next few 

Two other former winners 
and seeded -players, David 
Gilford and Paul Downes, had 
comfortable wins earlier in the 
day and David Curry, the 
British Amateur champion, 
cruised home against Andrew 
Johnson. Of the three Downes 
played the least convincing 
golf, yet had the least anxiety. 
He was four over par in 
beating Andrew Copping by 
six and five. 


Ron down: Coe feeling the strain of his 800 metres semi-final yesterday 

Light relief for England as 
umpires call it a day 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

LORD'S: England with seven 

: Engia 

wickets in hand, lead New 

Zealand by 75 runs. 

With a good deal of help 
from the weather, the umpires 
succeeded in reducing the first 
day's play in the first Test 
match against New Zealand, 
sponsored by Comhili, to 48 
overs. Only 21 of them were 
bowled after lunch, much to 
England's relief. The match 
ends today, but it is much loo 
early yet to rule out the 
chances of another English 

arm spin, took the wickets of 
Athey and Gower for only six 
runs which, in spite of such a 
short day's play, has kept New 
Zealand in the match with a 
chance of winning iL Next in 
for England is Willey, who was 
hobbling yesterday. After him 
there is nothing much to 
come. If New Zealand can get 
another wicket in die first 
hour this morning they will be 
fancying their chance. 


Just as helmets have un- 
doubtedly Increased the 
amount of short-pitched bowl- 
ing in the game, so the light 
metres which umpires now 
carry seem to me to be 
responsible for a reduction in 
the amount of cricket played. 
There were moments at Lord's 
yesterday when one wondered 
whether the umpires really 
were sufficiently concerned to 
get play going or to keep it 

There were times, of course, 
when it was decidedly dark or 
noticeably wet. Nothing like 
as wet or dark as when we saw 
such feats of daring-do in the 
final of the Benson and 
Hedges Cup nine days ago. but 
not fit for Test cricket. There 
were others when the batsmen 
could have had no reasonable 
grievance had they had to 
play. Rather than backing 
their own judgement as to the 
fitness of the light, umpires 
tend these days to produce 
their metres, consult each 
other gravely, shake their 
heads and have the ground 
covered as though Hurricane 
Rachel had just taken the roof 
off the West Stand at 

Fortunately For England, 
Gooch was at his best yester- 
day as he made his first 50 out 
of 76. Even so, it was left 
mostly to Moxon and Athey to 
try to keep out Hadlee. Off 
Hadlee's opening spell of eight 
overs, Gooch received only 12 
balls, off which he scored 18 
runs. At 53 for one, when 
Hadlee came off, England 
looked to have got through the 

But in his first nine overs 
Gray, bowling orthodox left- 

ENQLAND: finl (mhos 307 pi D Mena 
74, D 1 Gow S% RJHadM B tor «Q- 
Second Innings 

G A Gooch not out 64 

NQMoxoattmrbHadtoe 5 

CW J Athey b (key 16 

D I Gower b Gray 3 

-MW Getting not oat 21 

Ertres(lbl) 1 

Total (Sofcto, 47J5onra) 110 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6, 2-68, 3-72 
BOWLING: Hsdtee 14-3-47-1; Watson S- 
0-164); Gny 1*5-9-25-2; M D Crows 4-0- 
13-0; BracmaB 6-2-6-0 

NEW ZEALAND: Fmt tarings 

JG Wright bOBey O 

B A Edgar c Getting b Gooch 83 

K R Rutnertoid c Gooch 0 DBey 0 

II D Crows c and b Edmonds 

J J Crowe c Gating b Edmonds , 
c Good! b Radioed , 

MV Coney 

E J Gnj c Gower b Edmonds 


•bEdnonds . 

. 18 
- 51 
. 11 

tTOSSmlftc Edmonds bOOey 18 

J G Bmcewel not out .......... 1 

W Watson tow bOOey 1 

Extras (b 4, lb 9. w 6, nb IS) _34 

Totsl (8 «Ms) 342 

Fall of wicketsc 2-s, mis. 4- 

218. 5-274, 6-292, 7-31 

8-340, 9-340, 

BOWLING: Ntay 35.1-9-82-4; Foster 25- 
6-56-0; Radford 25-4-71-1; Edmonds 42- 
10-97-4; Gooch 13-6-23-1. 

Umpires: H D Bird and A G T Whitehead. 

There being a forecast of 
rain. New Zealand might have 
been expected* to declare at 
342 for nine, their score on 
Saturday night Instead they 
batted on and it availed them 
nothing. To the first ball of the 
day Watson was leg before to 
Dilley. Edmonds arid Dilley 
finished with four wickets 
apiece. In 21 Tests Dilley has 
yet to take five wickets in an 
innings, but he had bowled 
pretty well. For this one ball, 
England had French behind 
the stumps. For several rea- 
sons it was good to see him 
back: it meant, for one thing, 
that he was feeling more 
himself and. for another, it 
made it seem less like a match 
between Perambulators and 


England were 35 behind on 
e first innings. By the time 

they had drawn level Moxon 
was out — to the last ball of 
Hadlee's third over. It was the 
fifth time in his last six innings 
that Moxon had been leg 
before. The-bail kept low. For 
England's second wicket 
Gooch and Athey added 58, 
which would have been fewer 
had Smith, the wicketkeeper, 
caught Athey off Hadlee when 
the batsman was on eight 

Athey was slashing at a 
short ball and Smith, diving to 
his right, missed a chance that 
might just have canted to first 
. slip’s nghL Athey's best stroke 
was a hook for four off Hadlee: 
much his worst was the one 
that got him out Sweeping at 
Gray, bowling round the wick- 
et, Athey was bowled by a ball 
that barely turned It was an 
elementary misjudgement and 
one that England could little 

The first stoppage of the day 
extended the lunch interval by 
half an hour and as soon as 
play resumed Gower was out. 
This, too, was a feckless 
stroke. Gray was bowling over 
the wicket to Gower, who, 
having made ground to the 
baft, seemed at least as inter- 
ested in getting a pad in the 
way of it as a bat. In the event 
he got neither. The ball, which 
turned hit his leg stump. Had 
it not he could have been 
stumped for he was well down 
the pitch. 

When, 20 minutes before 
tea. the umpires gave Gatting 
and Gooch the chance to 
come off for bad light, they 
turned it down. Soon after- 
wards they took it — and that, 
as it happens, was it for the 
day. After reaching his 50 in 
85 balls Gooch had taken 
another 52 tolls to make his 
next 14. It was as though he 
realized the possibilities 
should he get out. 

Although playing Gray, for 
the most part, with great 
caution, Gatting went down 
the pitch to him once and hit 
him straight for six. Shortly 
before five o'clock the um- 
pires did get the players back 
into the middle, only to offer 
the batsmen the light again. It 
was that sort of- a day, when 
the game itself seems so 
peculiarly vulnerable. 

Photograph, P**e 38 




The New Zealand rugby 
union selectors have retained 
the side which beat France last 
month for the match against 
Australia on Saturday week in 
Wellington. With 1 1 new caps 
and an average age of just 23. 
the side beat the French 18-9 
- with wholesale changes 
forced on the selectors because 
30 of their top players are 
banned for two matches after 
louring South Africa with a 
rebel team earlier this year. 

Just reward 

The performance of. 

Severiano Ballesteros in win- 
ning the Dutch Open on 
Sunday — bis fifth tournament 
victory this season - to be* 
come the first golfer to exceed 
£ I million in official European 
prize money, has earned the 
Spaniard the Ritz Club golfer- 
of-the-month award for July. 

Giresse: new dub 

Net fault 

On the move 

Tee time 

Brian Waites, the Ryder 
Cup golfer, who has not 
played in the Midlands profes- 
sional championship since 
1980 despite winning it the 
three previous years, is a late 
entry for the two-day event 
starting at Sutton Coldfield 

Alain Giresse. France's vet- 
eran World Cup player, was 
expected to leave Bordeaux 
last night and sign for 
Olympique Marseille, the club 
managed by Michel Hidalgo, 
the former national manager. 
Among new signings at the 
first division club are Jean- 
Pienrc Papin, another of the 
French world Cup players, 
and Karlheinz Foerster. the 
West German defender. 

Mats Wilander, Sweden's 
leading tennis player and the 
world No. 2, said yesterday he 
needed a rest from the game 
but "felt trapped in the grand 

prix net.” Speaking after los- 

ing in the final of the Swedish. 
Open the previous day to 
Emilio Sanchez, of Spain, 
Wilander. aged 21, said he 
would like a three-month 
break from the game, but 
could not afford to take' it 
because he would lose ‘ his 
world ranking. 

the likes 

of Thompson 

Boycotts are not - the trfy 

aspect of the Commonwealth 

Games over which the Federa- 
tion - has no legal emtnd 
Although Dafey JTHHnpsoo s 
erasing of the sponsor’s name 
from above the competition 
number On his vest on'Simday 
was juvenile, there is nothing 
in the roles of the Internation- 
al Amateur Athletic Federa- 
tion or of the Commonwealth 
Games which obliges him to 
display a sponsor’s name. 

Geoff Capes, the shot- 
putting policeman, was sent 
hoae from the European 
championships . in Prague in 
1978 afro: havnsg a dispute 
with a Czech official Wf 'ins 
size, over his refusal to wear 
any Bomber. Yet if Thompson, 
who has a substantial -income 
from endowments, is per- 
verse enough to Hahn It is 
a gainst his principle to carry 
fl® name of an alcohol manu- 
facturer, the arm at the sport- 
ing law at present is not 
entitled to demand that hedo 



are, nnKhe any otbersporting 
alliance, a politically cousfr- 

tnted dnb, they tareta the 
words tf D»n4 DDW;fte 
honorary secretary, jUttK 
alternative. • 

“We are not equipped or 
diplomatically tamed to oper- 
ate at Government level, he 
says. Some countries bewere 
that Bamphal was an active 

Need for a clause 
to control athletes 

It was fortunate tint Kck 
Palmer, England’s general 
secretary, was quickly able to 
fa Ik some practical common 
sense Into a unique athlete 
who is capable of being com- 
monly stupid. It is important 
that the Federation and the 
intw nifiiMMi Olympic Com- 
mittee write into their consti- 
tutions a danse which binds 
athletes to the organizing 
committee’s administration in 
the way that the committee 
has to enter into contracts with 
sponsors: without whom major 
events cannot take place and 
competitors such as Thomp- 
son lave no stage. 

For Auckland in 1990, a 
tripartite contract will be 
drawn op, for the first time; 
between the organizing com- 
mittee, the city and the span- . 
sors. The Federation’s 
constitution is to be redrafted. 
Yet at this moment, Auckland 
remains in as much danger 
from another boycott by the 
as it did before Sunday unit's 
six-hour meeting . ; of . the 

A motion by Ivor Dent,, the 
famnlifla Association's presi- 
dent, seconded by Jamaica; 
that tile Federation should 
approach Commonwealth 
heads of state for assurances 
of future Gaines was modified 
at the recommendation of 
Prince Philip; the president; 
who suggested dncnssfcm with 
Sir Sonny Ramphal, the Com- 
monwealth general secretary. 
The Federation are thus being 
drawn into precisely that polit- 
ical arena from which they are 
trying to escape^ Since they 

INUtJ *w MW ■'•V . — 7 - fc 

rfhftiks that be was overtaken 
by the speed of eventsand iff a* 
anxious as anyone to preserve 
the only outward: mauftestSK 
tioo of the Commonwealth, 

Since the Qneen fe enthusias- 
tic for the Games, and js-in 
regular consultation- with 
Ramphal,, perhaps there is- 
some hope. • 

Sunday's assembly was ■ 
doubtedly rather spineless. 
Australia feffedto emerge with 
their proposals for discipline 
of the boyootters, and Bated 
Kotoga of Tanzania, foe elect- 
ed African representative on 
the Federation. 1 *** permitted ; 
fo read out a Goverumejft- 
statement, ctohuiug that foe 
boycott was w Ib a good canse.” 
He demanded foattbere 
should be no condemnation of 
the absentees. He also, with- 
out restraint from the dmiiy. 
made a political attack - on 
Britain and on Mre Thatcher.. 

Yet as Dixon says, a ton; 
the boycotting nations for 
1990 would setMefoatfogfr V 
extend tiieboycott aadisprne 
the competitors. h ; iednft% 
the constitution, a refnndahle 
deposit to be paid by cadi 
nation in proportion to . the size 
ofits team-£100 per head? ~ ' 
will be considered. - . \ - r 


#. J . i ■ 


• ! v ; ' : . 


The most sdHent lesson of 
1986 for the absentees is font 
the Games, as we are witness^ 
fog, are capsMe of continuing. 
withoBLtfaem. lt is the smaller 
Mack nations who need then 
most, for they have no other 
interhational outlet for which 
they can qualify. ‘ 

Bi rmingham hope. 
• to stay in favour : 

Denis Hewed, the Jeader of 
Birmingham's eampawH com- 
mittee for the 1992 Olympic 
Games, is hoping the Edin- 
burgh controversy will not 
have harmed Bhwogham’s 
chances m the vote on October 
17. “The IOC are iadmdnals 
and independent of govern- 
ment, and are nsed to r foe 
boycott problem,”, he rays. 
More than 30 IOC members 
have now visited Birmingham. 
Four Commonwealth mem- 
bers of the IOC have been 
lobbied this week. 


[■>- ■ »i 


. *s”*- 



• 'j?h 



j;.. : — 

ri" ■ . 


V vJp 

_ . .. 

■ •• ■ 




Lobbying as a ploy 
to protect Games 

By Paul Martin 

New peace brokers' have 
emerged, as foe Common- 
wealth Games embarks on' its 
tg and dangerous road to- 
nls the next, and perhaps 
final, test of its wSU to survive 
- the 1990 Games in Auck- 
land. The Edinburgh debacle 
has brought several of the 
Caribbean's key sports admin- 
istrators to a realization that 

foejr, uniquely, can bridge the 

gulf between African political 
goals and Commonwealth 
sporting ideals. They ray that 
passivity in the face of govern- 
ment pressure mast he . re- 
placed by an active lobbying 


"Iff . politicians continue to 

use sport as a tool for their 
own ends, our youth * wfl] 
eventually lose faith in our 
leadership", was the warning 
by Jamaica's Mike Fennell la 
the aftermath of the meeting of 
the Commonwealth . Games 

The ca m pa ign , according to 
feasieU, most be waged at two 
levels. Firstly Common wealth 
sporting bodies shook! each 
approach thei r own govern- 
ments, pointing out the harm 
caused to their young people. 
He hoped Commonwealth 
sporting bodies could seek new 
funding systems that would 
provide more fimm cial inde- 
pendence from government 

. Secondly, on the interna- 
tional level, it was Fennell who 
proposed at tbecruoal gather- 
ing late on Sunday night that 
“we must get a commitment 
from die politicians to leave 
the Games alone in future.” 
He urged that the Federation 
seek an audience with the 
Commonwealth heads of gov- 
ernmeut congregating hi Lon- 
don next week, and extract 
from them a pledge of non- 
interference in the 1990 
Games. Tanzania opposed any 
such direct approach, so, at 
Prince Philip’s suggestion, a 
watered-down concept was ac- 
cepted, with the secretary 
general. Sir Sonny Ramphal, 
acting as the conduit for the 
Federation’s views.. 

Fennell is still hoping that a 
direct approach to the Com-' 
mouwealth -leaders can he’ 
made, otherwise a “golden 
Opportunity wffl have been 

missed”. He hopes, through 
Mr Ramphal, that the Federal 
tion can arrange for Prince 
Philip himself, its Honorary 
President, to address the 
heads of state on its behalf. 
.“Only a man with Prince 
Philip’s international respect, 
and his sporting track record, 
could cany sufficient wefohf% 
Fennell said. 

Despite the show of uraty- 
put oh by the Federation's 
anodyne - final declaration, 
Fennell does ~ not seek to 
conceal the extreme delicacy 
of the Gaines’ situation. "We 
should not fool ourselves; — 
these issues are.going to crop 
up again and agam," he 
New Zealand the 1990 Irate, 
remain deeply worried, as they 
have received ho sembtanoetof 
guarantee, apart from a gener- 
al stated intention to partici- 

Nevertheless, Fennell is re- 
lieved that the consideration 
given by New Zealand . to 
a mendi n g the constitution en- 
abling them to bring m-aou- 
Common wealth nations, was, 
neveraired."That wouldhave 
been, the final ,uaO in the 
Games'" coffin,” he said- But 
they have made it dear that 
Sach a move would be threat- 
ened or resorted to, if foe 
Games or the Commonwealth 
itself appeared in serious dan- 
ger of collapse within ay ear of 
the scheduled starting date^of 
the Games. •• - V; 

■ The fear uppermost to- 
Fennell's mind' is that there 
cooM he another rugby tour by 

tte New Zealanders, to South 
Africa, or vice versa, before 
the 199Q[ Games. Fennel] con- 
siders any such contact could - 
spark- off a boycott ^ Edin- 
burgh dimensions. - 
He recognized fotf.; there 
was no means of insuring the 
survival Of foe Common wealfir- 
■ Games, though be is convinced 
that;- should ft collapse, foe 
entire .Otim^iawealtfe as m 
institution would tumble rates ; 
nrfnu But he was quite pre- ’ 
pared to admit that, like tf£- 
fcdinburgh weafoeiy tbe dfe 
■mate for foe ue^t-Gamcs sA & 
-So changeable that foe on% - 
wise precaution was foe useof 
a : big umbrella, 
purchase of a 


; T^King George 

£• 0 “ c - 

•ft# Sussex 


!-2£ 4 '5Q0 daily 

? CIi °Go!d 



*8Q0tnt afu *th®« 

© r J*»Qn to 
Pag* 2 

• C?Jl 0w *° F* 




.•••££& S'* rim 

• i 


' t' ,J .?--rVj-V as *aoai 

L.' 1 

: ’- r 'i 



^ ^ A 

nmn vw