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No 62.523 


Howe to urge £2, 

action on 
South Africa 

• Sir Geoffrey Howe warned Mrs 
Thatcher that farther measures against 
Sooth Africa are inevitable and will 
recommend action to Cabinet today 

• At least eight people died In two of 
Sooth Africa's black tribal homelands 
in attacks blamed on armed anti* 
apartheid insnrgents 

• The Government told a Commons 
c o mmi ttee that trade and other mea- 
sures against South Africa would hurt 
Britain's external trade 

• The US Ambassador to Zambia met 
leaders of the African National Con- 
gress yesterday in the first official US 
contact, an ANC spokesman said 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, back from 
his fruitless mission to South 
Africa, told the Prime Min- 
ister last night of his conclu- 
sion that further measures 
against the Pretoria regime are 

The Cabinet meets today to 
discuss its strategy for next 
week's Commonwealth sum- 
mit and will be presented with 
Sir Geoffrey's judgement that 
Britain has no choice, after 
President Botha's rejection of 
all his main demands, but to 
go along with a limited pack- 
age of further measures. 

Sir Geoffrey, met Mrs That- 
cher knowing that she would 
have to be convinced about 
the need for further action. He 
told her that he saw no point 
in returning to Pretoria, bar- 
ring a sudden conversion by 
Mr Botha which resulted in 
the release of Mr Nelson 
Mandela, the imprisoned Af- 
rican - National Congress 

Those who accompanied Sir 
Geoffrey on his mission were 
struck by Mr Botha's lack of 
understanding or appreciation 
over the personal efforts by 
President Reagan and Mrs 
Thatcher to delay the im- 
plementation of sanctions and 
trying instead to proceed by 
way of negotiations with him. 

Sir Geoffrey briefed Mrs 
Thatcher at two separate 
meetings as pressure for sanc- 
tions built up from politicians 
of all parties and Common- 
wealth leaders. 

The all-party Commons 
Foreign Affairs Committee, in 
a repon completed only days 
ago, had concluded lhat if the 
Foreign Secretary returned 
empty-handed pressure for the 
imposition of further mea- 
sures would be ‘•intense". 

Failing an early response 
from the South Africans it was 
likely lhat the industrialized 
countries, including Britain 
would feel compelled to follow 
the course of sanctions. 

The Cabinet is expected 
today to agree in principle to 

Pretoria's position 5 
Geoffrey Smith 5 

Do we still need the 
Commonwealth? 12 
Leading article 13 

further measures but only if 
they agreed by the inter- 
national community. 

Mrs Thatcher's colleagues 
believe that she will in the end 
reluctantly go along with some 
further action - although she 
will fight to limit them — but 
she will insist that they cannot 
be agreed until the European 
Council meets towards the 
end of September to consider 
the results of Sir Geoffrey's 

The Government’s posture 
will therefore be unlikely to 
satisfy the other six Common- 
wealth leaders who have be- 
gun arriving in London for the 
summit starting on Sunday. 

The measures eventually to 
be agreed are likely to be a bon 

on coal and steel imports and 
new investment. They would 
involve the United States, 
Europe and the Common- 
wealth, but fall well short of 
what most of the Common- 
wealth want. 

The Foreign Affairs Com- 
mittee. in a report which 
avoided any firm recom- 
mendations in an attempt to 
keep an all-party consensus, 
nevertheless issued a firm 
warning about the dangers of 
the Commonwealth breaking 

The committee, which has 
seven Conservative members 
and four Labour, said that 
membership and leadership of 
the Commonwealth was un- 
doubtedly an important dip- 
lomatic asset for Britain . 

It went on: “The danger of 
the disintegration of the 
Commonwealth as a result of 
differences about policy to- 
wards South Africa is not to be 
dismissed lightly. 

“Just as a single country's 
decision to withdraw from die 
Commonwealth Games has 
precipitated similar action by 
a majority of other Common- 
wealth states, so also could the 
threat of withdrawal by a 
single country — notice of 
which has already been given 
by the President of Zambia — 
precipitate a series of with- 
drawals of membership by 
other countries, or even a 
demand that Britain should 
withdraw, which would negate 
the purposes of the Com- 


The Mafia 
on trial 

A family caged: 
has Italy’s biggest 
show trial of 474 
mafiosi brought 
relief from 

or Sic " 

Eight die in tribal 
homelands attacks 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

— — 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
shared yesterday by 
two leaders: Mrs 
B.Pagel of Twickenham, 
Middlesex; and Mr 
AHoare of Swanley, 

m Portfolio list page 
21; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 16. 

Priest arrives 

Father Lawrence Jenco. the 
American Roman Catholic 
priest held hostage in Leba- 
non, arrived in Britain last 
night after meeting the Pope in 

Profit lesson 

Success in business depends 
on getting management educa- 
tion property organized, says 
Barry Barker in an introduc- 
tion to today's General 
Appointments Pages 22-25 

Class Lists 

Oxford University Class Lists 
for English Language and 
Literature and Modem His- 
tory are published today 

Page 27 

How News 2-4 
Overseas 5-9 

Appts 18 

Arts 15 

marriages 14 

Books 11 


Court 14 

Diary 12 

Features 10.12 
Law Report 9 

Laden . 13 





At least eight people have 
been killed in two of South 
Africa's black tribal home- 
lands in what appears to have 
been armed attacks by anti- 
apartheid insurgents in the 
past 48 hours. 

The dead included the Min- 
ister of Internal Affairs of 
KwaNdebele, Mr Piet Ntuli, 
whose car exploded in Siya- 
buswa, the homeland's cap- 
ital, on Tuesday night, acc- 
ording to the Bureau for 
Information in Pretoria. 

Another seven people — 
three policemen and four 
civilians — were also kilied in 
an attack by men armed with 
AK 47 rifles and hand gre- 
nades on the police station in 
Urmaia, the capital of the 
Xhosa-speaking Transkei, in 
the Eastern Chpe, which is one 
of four tribal homelands to 
have accepted “independen- 
ce" from Pretoria. 

KwaNdebele, about 70 
miles north-east of Pretoria, 

has been in turmoil since the 
beginning of the year because 
of the homeland Governme- 
nt's decision to accept in- 
dependence on December 1 1 
of last year. 

Mr Ntuli was the right-hand 
man of Mr Simon Skosana, 
KwaNdebde's Chief Minister, 
and headed a black vigilante 
unit widely held responsible 
for the m urder of fellow blacks 
opposed to both independence 
and the Moutse deal. 

Recently, KwaNdebele's tri- 
bal administration -has been 
reported to be having second 
thoughts about independence, 
which would strip its 300,000 
residents of South African 
citizenship and any daim on 
political rights in South Af- 

Meanwhile, a full bench of 
the Graham stown Supreme 
Court has invalidated curfews 
and bans on public meetings 
and funerals in the Eastern 

‘will be 

By Our Chief 
Political Correspondent 

The imposition of trade and 
other measures against Sooth 
Africa would ran counter to 
Britain's interest as a nation 
dependent on external trade, 
the Government said in ev- 
idence to the Commons Select 
Committee on Foreign Affairs. 

A Foreign Office memoran- 
dum to the committee, initially 
confidential but made public 
with the committee's report 
yesterday, declined to repeat 
predictions by the Government 
that sanctions against South 
Africa would cost Britain 
about 120,000 jobs. It said 
instead that calculations of the 
affect “must necessarily be 

However it said that (here 
could be no doubt that a 
significant number of jobs, 

particularly in engineering, 
transport equipment and 
chemicals, were dependent on 
Britain's visible and invisible 
trade with South Africa. The 
United Kingdom was currently 
well placed in the South 
African market, both as the 
third- largest supplier and as 
the largest foreign investor. 

“It is clear that, even if only 
partial sanctions were applied, 
there are few measures which 
would not have an adverse 
affect on one sector or another 
or which would not help to 
erode the UK's advantage in 
the market. 

“Moreover given the rel- 
atively higher percentage of 
our exports going to South 
Africa, by comparison' with 
those of our major competitors 
and our extensive investment 
interest we have more to lose 
than oar competitors. All mea- 
sures would be likely to dam- 
age the UK's extensive 
interests in South Africa and 
reduce the value of invest- 
ments there, if only by further 
undermining confidence." 

The memorandom slated 
that the banning of Sooth 
African imports could also 
cause considerable problems. 
Such imports consisted largely 
of raw materials and agri- 
cultural products, the banning 
of which could disrqpt sup- 
plies to industry and the 

Although alternative 
sources could doubtless be 
found, prices would probably 
be higher. That could have 
Implications for employment. 

The memorandum added 
that retaliation could further 
exacerabate the effect in Brit- 
ain. It could include import 
restrictions out of proportion 
to those introduced by the UK, 
measures taken against Brit- 
ish investments in South Af- 
rica and export restrictions. 

Sooth Africa remained the 
seventeenth hugest market for 
UK export goods, valued at 
more than £1 billion in 1985. 
According to the most recent 
survey, the book value of UK 
investment in South Africa at 
the end of 1981 was £2J8 bil- 
lion. A rough estimate of the 
book value of UK direct 
investment indicated that it 
was worth about £3 billion at 
the end of 1984 and £2 billion 
at the end of 1985. 

The paper stated that un- 
official estimates put the value 
of UK portfolio investment in 
South Africa at £6 billion but 
It said that the figures must be 
treated with caution because in 

Continued on page 2, col 6 

Thatcher cancels arts festival visit 

By John Good body 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher has 
bowed to Edinburgh's Labour- 
controlled district council and 
will not be visiting the 
Commonwealth Games arts 
festival in the city's Assembly 
Rooms, which the council 
owns. There will be no civic 

However the Prime Min- 
ister, who arrives in Scotland 
later today, will go to 
Meadowbank stadium tomor- 
row, since she has been in- 

vited by the organizers and the 
Commonwealth Games 
Federation. Dr John McKay, 
the Lord Provost of Edin- 
burgh, has said that it was the 
“unconsidered remarks” of 
the Prime Minister about nor 
imposing full economic sanc- 
tions on South Africa that 
sparked off the boycott of 32 
members of the federation. 

Mr Robert MaxwelL, co- 
chairman of the organizing 
committee, criticized the 

council for failing to distin- 
guish between its members* 
responsibilities as city fathers 
and their role as local party 

Mr Maxwell yesterday met 
the Prince and Princess of 
Wales when they visited the 
Commonwealth village 
• Sebastian Coe has with- 
drawn from the 1.500m race 
today because of a throat 

Games reports, page 28 

Militants force 
Labour MP to 

leave politics 

By Michael McCarthy 

Mr Robert Kilroy-Silk after announcing his decision to quit 
politics yesterday (Photograph^ uresh Karadia). 

Editor to 
head the 

By Gavfc Bel! 

Arts Correspondent 
Mr Neil MacGregor, editor 
of The Burlington Magazine, 
has been selected as the new 
director of the National Gal- 
lery- His appointment is ex- 
pected to be announced by the 
Prime Minister’s office today. 

A Civil Service panel which 
interviewed 10 candidates ear- 
lier this month maintained 
secrecy about its recom- 
mendations yesterday, but a 
highly-placed source said that 
Mr MacGregor was offered 
the job. 

His appointment to succeed 
Sir Michael Levey to one of 
the most important positions 
in British art will be seen as 
innovative. Mr MacGregor, a 
former lecturer in the history 
of art and architecture, has no 
experience of directing a gal- 
lery. However, he is said to 
have impressed the panel with 
his urbane manner and imagi- 
native responses. 

A tribute to the new director 
came yesterday from Mr 
Timothy Clifford, director of 
the National Gallery of Scot- 
land. who had been a leading 
candidate for the position. He 
said: “Neil is a very charming 
person, and I shall look for- 
ward to collaborating with 

The selection process was 
delayed last week when the 
panel's first choice, Mr Ed- 
mund Pillsbury, director of 
the Kimball Art Museum in 
Fort Worth. Texas, changed 
his mind and withdrew. 

Mr Pillsbury is understood 
to have been dismayed by 
suggestions that as an Ameri- 
can, he should not be given a 
position of responsibility for 
preserving art treasures in 

Mr Jacob Rothschild, chair- 
man of the Gallery’s trustees, 
said last month that he would 
prefer a British director. 

Gallery profile, page 10 

Observer likely to axe 500 print jobs 

By David Sapsted 
and Tim Jones 

More than §00 printing 
workers' jobs are likely to go 
next spring in a move to new 

TV* Radio 

* * * 6 ft ft 

Observer. Journalists at the 
paper yesterday voiced out- 
right opposition to proposals 
to move to a new plant in 
Battersea next March with, 
possibly, the printing being 
shifted to Mr Eddie Shah's 

troubled Today. 

Sources at The Observer last 
night Ipcfeted that no final 
decision on a move bad been 
made but confirmed that a 
transfer to a three-slimy 
building under construction 
near Battersea power station 
was being looked at “very 

If such a move took place, it 
woold lead to about 550 mem- 
bers of the National Graphical 
Association being made redun- 

dant, though members of 
Sog&t *82 would be retained in 
the composing room. 

An emergency meeting of 
The Observer's National 
Union of Journalists' chapel 
(office branch) was held yes- 
terday afternoon when it was 
believed the move was going to 
be presented to them as a fait 


The chapel decided not to 
co-operate with any plans fora 
move nntil formal talks mi new 
technology were held and foil 
details of the company's plans 
were unrated. NUJ sources 
also said the resolution to 
management bad warned that 
a move to Battersea could 
harm the editorial quality of 
the paper. 

The Observer, owned by Mr 
Tiny Rowland's Lonhra, is 
currently printed at its offices 
in St Andrew's Hill in the City 
of London. The failure to at- 

tract a contract customer to 
use the presses, which stand 
idle six days a week, is the 
main reason for management's 
desire to move. 

A formal announcement on 
the management's proposals 
for The Observer is planned for 
late August. Last night neither 
Lonrho nor the paper would 
comment on its plans. 

Mr Rowland took a 36 per 
cent stake In Today earlier this 
year as part of a rescue 
package. Since then there has 
been increasing speculation 
that a move of offices by The 
Observer woold be accompa- 
nied by a switch to Today’s 
non-union presses. 

However, Mr Terry Cassi- 
dy, the new managing director 
of Today brought in by Mr 
Rowland, yesterday denied 
any plans to print The Ob- 
server on the paper's hi-tech 

There was “no question" he 
insisted, of printing The Ob- 
server, nor of ditching Sunday 
Today, whose sales are even 
lower than its weekday 

“7Sf Observer has never 
talked about os printing their 
newspaper. There have been 
no talks and no discussions.” 
he said. 

“One day they might come 
to us and say 'Would yon print 
oer newspaper' hot they 
haven't yet." 

The Observer management 
is said to be ready to offer 

generous redundancy pay- 
ments to sacked NGA men. 
The question of whether Sogat 
workers would be happy to be 
tied to a Today plant which is 
printed without muons, re- 
mains to be resolved. 

Observer editor, Mr Donald 
Trelford. was not available for 
comment last night. 

900 flee 

liner as 
starts Are 

Miami (A P/Reuter i — At 
least seven people were in- 
jured, one critically, and all 
897 passengers evacuated in 
lifeboats when fire broke out 
after an explosion on the 
cruise ship Emerald Seas 
about 50 miles north of Nas- 
sau and 130 miles east of 
Miami yesterday. 

The Coast Guard said the 
ship was in the Berry Islands, 
and that the fire, which look 
2‘A hours lo control, started 
after an explosion in the 
storeroom. There were no 
immediate details of damage. 

The Coast Guard said the 
critically injured person was 
burned, but he had no further 
detail on injuries, including 
whether the injured were pas- 
sengers or crew. 

The Coast Guard planned 
to fly the injured to a hospital 
in Nassau, but the critically 
injured person will then be 
flown to the Jackson Me- 
morial Hospital burns treat- 
men! centre in Miami, he said. 

The ship, which can carry 
up to 970 passengers, was 
being evacuated as a precau- 
tion. he said. It was not in 
danger of sinking. 

Three Coast Guard heli- 
copters and 3 rescue jet and 
two Coast Guard cutters were 
sent to the scene. Passengers 
in lifeboats were being taken 
to nearby Little Stirrup Cay, a 
tiny island normally used by 
the ship's owners as a special 
tourist attraction. 

armed missile fired during a 
practice run by a Navy F-14 
fighter blew a hole in 
commercial tanker carrying 
26,000 barrels of oil 60 miles 
off Norfolk, Viiginia. a US 
Navy spokesman said yes- 
terday (Reuter reports). 

The explosion caused by the 
F-14 Sidewinder air-to-air 
missile started a small fire on 
the Western Sun. but there 
were no injuries. 

The Labour MP for the 
Merseyside constituency of 
Knows ley North, Mr Robert 
Kilroy-Silk is quitting politics, 
claiming he has been driven 
out by members of the far-left 
Militant Tendency in his 

He said yesienday:“They 
have destroyed my will to 
continue as an MP." 

Mr Kilroy-Silk.. aged 44. is 
to join BBC television as the 
presenter of a new discussion 

He bad a 1 7.000 majority in 
the last election and, as a 
former front bench spokes- 
man for Labour on home 
affairs, could have expected a 
ministerial post in a future 
Labour government. 

His decision to leave in 
September ends a long and 
bruising re-selection battle 
with his constituency's Mili- 
tant members. He said: “l 
cannot continue for three 
years being constantly under- 
mined. abused, shouted at and 
vilified by my own party and 
remain an enthusiast for 

“I wanted to be an MP from 
the age of 16. 1 read politics at 
The London School of 
Economics and then taught 
politics at Liverpool Univer- 
sity so I could be an MP, and I 
never thought this day would 
come. But die extremists have 
destroyed my wish to carry 

The Militant-inspired cam- 
paign to have Mr Kilroy-Silk 
de-selected began after he won 
the new seal of Knowsley 
North, which includes two 
vast housing estates on the 
outskirts of Liverpool, in 
1983. He had formerly been 
MP for Ormskirk since 1974. 

Mr Kilroy-Silk was being 
challenged by two far-left can- 
didates. Mr Keva Coombes 
and Mr Tony Mulhearn. when 
the Labour Party national 
executive committee halted 
the re-selection process last 
November and ordered an 
inquiry into alleged irregular- 
ities into the composition of 
the Knowsley North constit- 
uency party management 
committee. The inquiry has 
still to be held. Mr Mulhearn 
has subsequently been ex- 

pelled from the Labour party 
for a being a member of 

Mr Kilroy-Silk said: “The 
militants have ‘packed* the 
management committee with 
their own supporters who 
have no right to be there. 1 am 
confident that if everything 
about the election were proper 
and above-board i would win 
it- But about three weeks ago I 
finally decided ! would not 
stand again. I mentioned the 
decision to a friend and 
subsequently I was ap- 
proached by the BBC. I ac- 
cepted the offer almost 

Asked if he did not feel it 
was wonh slaying in the party 
and fighting the militants 
from within, he said: “People 
come up to me at all sorts of 
functions from the left and the 
right of the Labour party and 
shake me warmly by the hand 
and say * you're doing a great 
job. stick with it, the friture of 
the Labour party depends on 
you.' then they walk away and 
it's me that's left with no 
support nationally or locally 
and my family that has to 
suffer from the stress. 

“Campaigns such as I have 
faced make it impossible to do 
your job properly as an MP. 
You cannot give proper lime 
to your constituency duties. It 
is completely debilitating.” 

He went on: “I am still an 
enthusiastic Socialist and J 
would like nothing better than 
a Labour victory at the next 
election. I am from the work- 
ing class and my mother still 
lives in her council house in 
Birmingham where I was 
bora, and most of the rest of 
my family still work in Bir- 
mingham factories. 

“But the people who have 
been campaigning against me 
do not represent the true 
Labour party. They have de- 
stroyed the Labour party in 
Knowsley North. They are 
just an extremist sect which 
has no affinity with ordinary 
people and no deep roots in 
the values of democracy, tol- 
erance or freedom. 

“They are ruthless 
conspiritorial revolutionaries 
who represent something very 
Continued on page 16, cot 7 

Car bomber executed 

Beirut — Militiamen of the 
Shia Muslim Amal move- 
ment, led by Mr Nabih Beni, 
Lebanon's Justice Minister, 
yesterday took justice into 
their own hands by publicly 
executing a car bomber. They 
had sentenced him to death 
for plotting to blow up a 
militia office in West Beirut 
with a car loaded with 770 lb 
of explosives three months 
ago (Juan Carlos Gumucio 

Blindfolded and with his 
hands tied behind his back, 
Moheiddeen Saleh, aged 23, a 
Sunni Muslim, was forced to 

lie on the ground. Watched by 
a crowd of 1. 000 people, two 
militiamen then fired at least 
10 rounds from Kalashnikov 
automatic rifles at him from 
close range. 

“He killed many people and 
wanted to kill more,” an Amal 
militiaman said. 

The execution was clearly 
aimed as a naming after two 
car bomb attacks killed 55 
people in Christian and Mus- 
lim sectors of Beirut this week. 

It came as both sides ac- 
cused one another of the 

trade gap 
tops $14bn 

From Bailey Morris 

The United States suffered 
another massive trade gap_ in 
June, with the S14.21 billion 
deficit topping the expecta- 
tions of analysts. 

Officials at the US Com- 
merce Department blamed a 
continued inflow of low-cost 
oil imports and another sharp 
deterioration in agricultural 

These figures started profit- 
taking in the dollar. 

The only bright spots were a 
downwards revision of the 
May deficit - from SI 4.28 
billion to $ 1 3. 1 2 billion — and 
a cut in the trade gap with 
Japan to S3.69 billion from 
May's $4.9 billion. 

US deficit, page 17 




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HOMfc NfcWS 


Private sector unveils 
new move to stimulate 
development of cities 

By Christopher Wannan, Property Correspondent 

An initiative to stimulate 
the regeneration of Britain's 
cities by promoting public and 
private enterprise in urban 
renewal was launched yes- 
terday with the full support of 
the Department of the 

This private sector move, 
called the Phoenix Initiative, 
will also provide a focus of 
private sector advice to min- 
isters on urban regeneration. 

The announcement of the 
new venture came on a dav 
when figures revealed that 
building firms in the South 
were reporting promising or- 
der books while firms in the 
North were at a low ebb. 

The sponsoring board of the 
Phoenix Initiative, under the 
chairmanship of Sir Colin 
Comess. president of the Na- 
tional Council of Buiidiog 
Materia! Producers, aims to 
promote activity and enthu- 
siasm at a local level, pul 
together schemes and involve 
local authorities and 

The board will have a 
representative from the 
department as well as leaders 
in the housing field including 
building, banking and build- 
ing societies. 

It takes as one of its 
blueprints for action the re- 
port The Phoenix Partnership 
— Urban regeneration for the 
Jlst century, published by the 
National Council of Building 
Material Producers, which ad- 
vocates a partnership between 
public and private sectors, a 
nationwide programme of ur- 
ban development action 
grants and the setting up of 
urban development corpora- 
tions on the lines of the 
London Docklands Develop- 
ment Corporation where 

The board hopes to pro- 
mote the various initiatives 
proposed under the new 
Housing and Planning Bill, 
such as widened powers for 
building will be 
based at St Katharine's Dock 
by Tower Bridge. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley. Sec- 
retary of State for the Environ- 
ment. said that he and Mr 
John Patten, the Minister for 
Housing, welcomed the the 

“’The positive involvement 
of the private sector in the task 
of regenerating and improving 
our cities is at the heart of the 
Government's policies to 

tackle these deep-seated 
problems." Meanwhile the 
Building Employers Confed- 
eration said that the number 
of firms working at full or 
almost full capacity stands at a 
higher level in the Midlands 
and south compared with 
nonhem regions, wiih the 
exception of Yorkshire where 
the figure is 59 per cent. In 
London capacity working was 
noted among 62 per cent of 
firms, with 47 per cent in the 
Midlands and 68 per cent in 
South Wales, an increase there 
from 38 per cent last 

Overall. 5 1 per cent of firms 
expect their workload for 1 986 
to be higher than in 1985. 
while only 1 7 per cent expect 
it to fall. This confirms the 
optimistic expectations for the 
1986 workload of many 
observers in the building in- 
dustry. But future prospects 
are less certain. 

The n umber of firms report- 
ing increases in inquiries for 
new work has fallen from 35 
per cent last December to 30 
per cent in March and 27 per 
cent now, with the decline 
particularly severe in many 
nonhem regions. 

Star name 
is open 
for offers 

By David Saps ted 

Martina Navratilova Ltd. 
which has not done a day's 
business in its shori life and 
has nothing to do with the six- 
times Wimbledon champion, 
is for sale. 

An unknown Londoner, 
reputedly on the fringe of the 
entertainment world, struck 
on the quite legal ruse of 
creating a company in the 
tennis star's name, without 
her permission, and immedi- 
ately putting it up for sale. 

Mr Stephen Bland, a west 
London chartered accountant, 
acting on behalf of the un- 
named client, said yesterday 
that his first act had been to 
try to sell the paper company 
to Miss Navratilova. 

*i contacted the Inter- 
national Management Group 
(the player's agent) in the 
Stales and they called me back 
earlier this week. I haven't 
heard from them since and 
they have not made an offer 
yet.” he said. 

“Really, I would prefer Miss 
Navratilova to have it but at 
the end of the day it will go to 
the highest bidder." 

There is nothing in British 
law to prevent a well-known 
person’s name being used in 
the establishment of a limited 
company, so long as one does 
not exist already with an 
identical or similar title. 

Mr Bland, whose name and 
that of his wife appear as sole 
directors and shareholders, 
said: "Unless companies al- 
ready exist there is nothing to 
stop anyone else doing the 
same thing with a million 
other sports stars or pop 
singers or entertainers 
. . . just about anybody." 

Police to retain 
rent allowance 

The Government yesterday 
lost its appeal against a High 
Court ruling that Mr Leon 
Brittan. the former Home 
Secretary, exceeded his pow- 
ers by attempting to change 
the system used to calculate 
police rent allowances without 
consulting the Police Nego- 
tiating Board. 

Lord Justice Purehas, Lord 
Justice Lloyd and Lord Justice 
GlidewelL upheld a ruling in 
February which outlawed the 
proposed changes. 

Lord Justice Purehas said 
that the changes, set out in a 
1984 Home Office circular, 
affected the system under 
which police authorities val- 
ued a “typical" police house in 
their area as the basis for 
setting rent allowances. 

Mr Brittan proposed that 
the Home Office should be 
able to reject the “typical" 
house as suitable for valuation 

if its rateable value was more 
than 10 percent of the average 
rateable value of an auth- 
ority's total housing stock. 

The Police Federation 
feared that, by forcing authori- 
ties to consider older police 
houses, allowances would be 

Lord Justice Lloyd said that 
the effect of the proposed 
changes on allowances was 
such as to require further 
consultation by the Home 
Secretary. It was not enough to 
leave open an opportunity for 
negotiations with individual 
authorities at a later stage. 

The lest case was brought by 
two officers. Police Constable 
Michael Bennett of Bamfield 
Avenue. Romiley, Greater 
Manchester, and Police Con- 
stable Michael Thornton, of 
Ballathie Close. Ingsbridge Es- 
tate, Hull, with the backing of 
the Police Federation. 

Grant ‘discriminated 
against single mother’ 

Government grams for 
adult vocational training dis- 
criminated against unmarried 
mothers, a High Court judge 
ruled yesterday. 

The judgement was a vic- 
tory for the National Council 
for One-Parent Families 
which supported a claim by 
Miss Peggy Schaffter, an un- 
married mother, that the re- 
fusal to give her the same 
grant as that received by 
married one-parent families 
was sexual discrimination. 

Miss Schaffter, now a 
probation officer, of Kendal 
Way. Chesterton. Cambridge, 

was refused a “hardship 
allowance" with her grant 
when she began a four-year 
social studies course at 
Middlesex Polytechnic in 

The Secretary of State for 
Education and Science de- 
fended the decision, saying 
that as the percentage ol 
unmarried male one-parent 
families was the same as 
female there could be no 

The judge disagreed It ap- 
peared that four times as 
many single female parents as 
male were ineligible. 

Four years old. 
Seriously underweight 
for her age. 
Scavenging for food 
where she can find it. 
dghe’s English. 

With parents who re- 
fused to acknowledge that 
she even existed this child 
was being slowly and deli- 
berately starved. Here in 

Fortunately we found 
t ■ her in time. Yet without your 
V donations we’d have been 
powerless to help. 

.£15.48 can protect a 
child for two weeks. And 
thatls the sum we're asking 
for now. 

If you can’t afford quite 
that much, all donations are 
gratefully received. 


i help protect a 
ny cheque or p 

child and 
pool order: 

I £15.48 □ £30.% [Zj £«t8Sn I 
Accw# and Visa cardholders may 
debit ihcr account*. No. 

r nrm TL i m u 

/» • >>*&> | Expin date. 

] l 

block cirmis please 



nose sod mir dmsoco to 

Dr. A. Canw» fcf.MflS 



la State ihrhcr to b m i rhw g nl . 

Drive begins 
for sale of 
British Gas 

By Martin Balter 

The marketing for die sale 
of British Gas, the Govern- 
ment's largest privatization 
project, began yesterday with 
organizers of the issue hoping 
to attract more than the 
2.3 million people who sub- 
scribed to British Telecom. 

An intensive campaign of 
advertising and explanation is 
planned during the next four 
months in an attempt to 
ensure that “98 per cent of the 
country ” will be aware of the 

Preferential treatment will 
be given to share applications 
from British Gas employees. 
Subscribing consumers will 
have the choice between dis- 
counts on gas bills and a bonus 
issue of shares. Tenants of 
rented property and occupiers 
of shared accommodation 
may qualify as consumers, 
although only one favoured 
application per metered gas 
supply will be allowed. 

The British Gas issue is 
expected to raise up to three 
times the £2,500 million 
which resulted from the Brit- 
ish Telecom sale. 

Business News, page 17 

The fiftieth anniversary of 
the reorganization of the RAF 
into Bomber, Fighter, Coastal 
and Training Commands, a 
vital prelude to the role of the 
RAF in World War Two will 
be commemorated by a set of 
five stamps to be issued on 
September 16. 

Saunders, the stamps portray 
famous leaders of the RAF and 
the aircraft with which they 
became dosely associated: 
Lord Downing and the all- 
purpose Hurricane, 17p; Lord 
Tedder. Deputy Supreme Al- 
lied Commander under Eisen- 

hower with the Typhoon, 22p; 
Lord Trenchant, the first 
Chief of Air Staff and the De 
Ha vi land 9 A, 29pj Sir Arthur 
“Bomber" Harris and the 
Lancaster which remained in 
service until 1956, 31m Lord 
Portal with the famous 
wooden Mosquito, 34p. 

‘Stop sale 
of school 
land’ plea 

By Mark Dowd 

The Government is backing 
a drive to sell many acres of 
school playing fields and 
recreation grounds, a con- 
ference was told yesterday. 

Mr Nicholas Griffin, the 
head teacher from Friera Bar- 
net in north London, said a 
combination of falling num- 
bers of children on school rolls 
and financial restrictions were 
giving education authorities 
the necessary encouragement 
to dispose of land. 

Mr Griffin told the Pro- 
fessional Association of 
Teachers' annual conference 
in Manchester, that a list of 
endangered recreation sites 
had teen drawn np at the 
meeting of the Central Council 
of Physical Recreation last 
week. The list contained 487 
sites in 55 local authorities. 

He said in Nottinghamshire 
48 sites were at risk and in the 
West Midlands 66 areas were 
thought to be surplus to 
requirements. Other threat- 
ened areas included South 
Glamorgan with 28 sites and 
the London boroughs of Red- 
bridge and Hillingdon each 
with 17 threatened playing 

Mr Griffin said that every- 
thing must be done to retain 
the use of these facilities, not 
only by educational institu- 
tions, but also by the commu- 
nity outside of schools. 

“The first Duke of Welling- 
ton said that the battle of 
Waterloo was won on the 
playing fields of Eton. It is as 
well that we have no Waterloo 
to fight at the moment, as the 
playing fields are in danger of 
being eroded by their possible 
sale for development. 

“I believe the effect of these, 
and similar sites, will mean 
that independent schools will 
be the oaly schools with 
adequate playing space to 
indulge in our national 
competitive sports." 

The conference agreed to 
urge the Government and local 
authorities to take “all reason- 
able steps to preserve the 
provision of sporting facilities 
for our schools". 

A spokesman for the 
Department of Education said 
yesterday that it was a matter 
for local authorities to dedde 
which sites were considered 
surplus to their requirements. 

in no way, the spokesman 
said, could it be described as 
an initiative backed by central 

• Delegates rejected a motion 
that market forces should 
apply in schools to allow 
higher salaries to be paid to 
teachers of shortage subjects. 

MPs to visit US 
private prisons 

By Sbefla Gunn, Political Staff 

MPs are to visit privately 
owned prisons in the United 
States to see if such schemes 
could help to solve the prob- 
lem of overcrowding in 
Britain's jails. 

Lord Glenarthur, Par- 
liamentary Under-Secretary at 
the Home Office, who has 
responsibility for the Prison 
Service, sets off m September 
for a 10-day tour of modem 
and experimental prisons sys- 

The Home Office said that 
yesterday that there were no 
plans to privatize British 

Among those on Lord 
Glenarthur's itinerary are the 
Manhattan house of detention 
and the Hamilton county jail 
in Chattanooga. 

He is believed to be particu- 
larly interested in modern 
prison buildings, designed to 
be run by fewer staff and with 
a more liberal regime. 

The all-party Commons 
home affairs select committee 
plans a similar visit in Octo- 
ber. Sir Edward Gardner, the 
committee chairman, de- 
scribed it as “part of an 
ambitious investigation into, 
the present crisis in the prison 

Some Conservative MPs 

have urged the Government 
to consider privatizing British 
jails as a way of coping with a 
prison population which has 
risen to more than 47,000. 

Sir Edward, Conservative 
MP for Fylde, said that he had 
an open mind on the issue. “I 
think this is an idea worth 
looking at and I do not think 
we can close our minds to any 
solution", he said. 

The trip will include visits 
to: a high-rise jail and a 
correction centre for women 
in New York; the Massachu- 
setts experience, where im- 
prisonment for young of- 
fenders has been abolished; 
private jails in Nashville and 
Florida; and a privately 
owned secure unit for ju- 
veniles in Memphis. • 

The Conservative-domi-. 
nated committee has visited 
Strangeways and Wandsworth 
prisons and will go to other 
British prisons in the autumn. 

Mr John Wheeler, a com- 
mittee member and Con- 
servative MP for Westminster 
North, said that the aim of the 
fact-finding visit was to look 
at imaginative ideas for rack-' 
ling the problem of a rising 
prison population which, was 
facing all democratic coun- 

The Princess of Wales, with her self-service lunch of ham 
salad, fruit cocktail and juice, waiting for tire Prince in the 
competitors’ dining room yesterday, when the couple visited 
the Commonwealth Gaines in Edinburgh* Reports, page 28 

rate rebels 
given time 
to pay 

By HughClayton 
Environment Correspondent 

Mr Ted Knight and other 
surcharged Labour councillors 
from Lambeth, south London, 
have been given -21 months to 
pay their surcharge . ‘ of 
£105,000 for “yritfut 
misconduct" in the . abortive 
Labour rates rebellion 'last, 
year. Payment is to be made in 
interest-free monthly instal- 
ments of £5.000. 

But the £200,000 costs in- 
duced by auditors in fighting 
court cases against Lambeth 
and Liverpool rebels have 
been written off in the latest 
accounts of the Audit 
Commission, the quango that 
appoints . the auditors who 
check council finances: The 
commission said in its annual 
report yesterday that some of 
the money- would never be 

The final amount to be 
recovered will depend on 
arrangements yet to be made 
between surcharged rebels and 
the courts. “We are not yet 
sure how much and at what 
rate," Mr John Banham, 
controller of audit with the 
commission, said. 

The 49 Liverpool rebels 
who include members suchas 
Mr Derek Hatton who have 
been expelled from the Labour 
Party will learn today the: 
outcome of their appeal 
against earlier court confirma- 
tion of an auditor’s verdict 
against them. ■ 

If they lose the case and do 
not appeal they will join thie 
Lambeth rebels in being 
banned from all council office 
for five years. By-elections 
would then have to be held in 
the city for ihe vacated seats. 
The present composition of 
the city council is Labour 54, 
Liberal 37 and Conservative 

Failure of Liverpool's ap- 
peal against surcharge and 
banning will trigger-action by 
auditors against seven other 
councils of which, six were 
involved in the 1985, rates 
rebellion. The six were Shef- 
field City Council and -the 
London boroughs of South- 
wark, Camden, Greenwich, 
Hackney and Islington. All 
delayed fixing a rate in the 
hope of forcing spending con- 
cessions . from the 

Labour council . leaders 
complained about criticism 
from ihecommissionL „ L . 

Liverpool turns to 
Japanese for help 

Liverpool City CounriLhas 
turned to Japanese bankers to 
solve its latest financial crisis 
and avoid another confronta- 
tion with the Government 
over spending (Peter Daven- 
port writes). 

Its Labour leaders have 
n^otiated a £30 million de- 
ferred purchase arrangement 
with the Japanese bank, 
Yasudo, the zhind time they 
have resorted tosuch schemes 
with international banks since 

Liverpool faced a £27 mil- 
lion deficit this year and, of 
the £18 million it is taking up 
immediately from the new 
deal. £15 million will go to^ 
wards bridging the' shortfall 
The remaining £3 million will 
go on . home .improvement 
grants. ’• 

The council retains the op- 
tion of taking up the remain- 
ing £12 million from the 
arrangement next year. 

However such a route will 
not be available again because 
the Government, has said that 
it intends to introduce legisla- 
tion. retrospective to mid- 
night July 22, that will forbid 
the use of deferred purchase 
arrangements for revenue 
spending purposes. 

Yesterday Mr Tony B: 
the left-wing chairman oi 
council's finance committee, 
said that the Japanese arrange- 
ment had been finalized be- 
fore the deadline. 

Nine share chess lead 
after two rounds 

After two rounds of the 
Kleinwort Grieveson British 
Chess Championships at 
Southampton, nine players — 
Michael Adams, grandmaster 
Murray Chandler, interna- 
tional master Glenn Rear, 
international master Mark 
Hebden. international master 
Tony K-osten, grandmaster 
Jonathan Mestel. Paul Mot- 
wani. grandmaster Jim Plas- 
keu and international master 
William Watson — share the 
lead with two points. 

By Harry Golombek 

Murray Chandler won 
against the Welsh player, 
George Botterill, who de- 
fended well but blundered two 
moves before the time control, 
lost a pawn and the game. 
Grandmaster Jonathan 
Speelman drew with John 
Hawksworth after an up and 
down struggle in 47 moves 
Susan Arfcell from Droit- 
wich is leading the British 
Ladies Open contest, two 
points ahead of Christine 
Hear, from Leicester, on 1 16. 

Sanctions ‘will erode 
British interests’ 

Continued from page 1 

the present circumstances the 
realisable value seemed likely 
to be much lower. 

The Government’s derision 
not to repeat its 120,000 job- 
loss estimate was regarded-as 
something of a victory by the 
Labour members of the 
committee who have claimed 
that it was far too high. 

The committee said that it 
was not surprised by tbe 
derision not to quote tbe figure 
again. It seemed to be based on 

the assumptions that no other 
changes in die UK’s trading 
arrangements would result 
from its. failure to ! impose 

The committee noted that 
other estimates were' of an 
altogether lower order. “It is 
evident that the room for 
argument on this matter is 
considerable but ' it is' none 
tbdess dear tiraf there will be 
job losses in die Unfted.King- 
dotn as a result -of the im- 
position of farther sanctions 
against Sooth Africa." . 

‘Kamikaze’ cells help in search for cancer drug 

Discoveries about how the 
body normally repairs dam- 
aged cells are being exploited 
by scientists working to pro- 
duce anti-cancer drugs. 

“Kamikaze proteins", so- 
called because they die when 
they have done their repair 
work, are being studied at the 
Imperial Cancer Research 
Fund’s new £16 million Clare 
Hall laboratories, in Hert- 

Damage to cells is part of 
the wear and tear on the body 
in norma] daily living. If 

uncorrected, cancer may re- 

, Cells have a complex series 
of enzymes which recognize 
damage, cut it oat and repair 

iL Most of the time, but not 
always, that is successful, 
according to Dr Tomas 
Linda hL head of the lab- 

He has been studying the 
mechanisms by which dam- 
aged DNA. the genetic nucleus 
of the cell, is repaired and 
cancer prevented. 

He discovered the repair 

enzyme that corrects the great- 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 
est damage caused by alkylat- 
ing ageirts, which are the 
biggest group of chemicals 
implicated in curing cancer in 
humans. and the gene that 
produces it 

Dr Lindahl’s work was done 
in the laboratory with micro- 
organisms bat now Dr Peter 
Karran has shown that the 
same gene works In human 
cells, making the cells more 
resfetent to alkylating agents. 

Dr Lindahl said: “We have 
found that most people are 
efficient at repairing 
caused by a series of 

doses. It Is when exposure to 
high doses occurs that the 
system cannot cope.” 

Some body cells are better 
than others at producing the 
repair enzyme and the sci- 
entists are examining which 
types are most vulnerable 

“Once we can develop tests 
to measure the efficiency of the 
repair process in individuals, it 
might be useful to screen 
people working iu industry. 
Certain people should, .per- 
haps, avoid working with 
chemicals that are harmless to - 
most of tbe population." 

. However, the more -immedi- 
ate. app lic a ti on . is in nntfer- 
standina how to ase some anti- 
cancer' drags which are also 
alkylating agents. ' 

• A new cancer test, described 
as “one of. the most powerful 
breakthroughs of this dec- 
ade", was 'shnoonced by rite 
Quest For A Test For Cancer 
charity yesterday (Thomson 
Prentice writes). ■ 

The test allows ■ cervical 
cancer to be .detected earlier 
than conventional tests allow. 

start day 
for staff 

' By Angella Johnson 

Workers at a Japanese com- 
pany ftj Newcastle imon Tyne 

are to be prepared for a good 
clay's work by being put 

through their paces with genue » 

catty morning exercises to - 
prepare them for a good day s 
■ work. m 

- Under a recently negotiated 
sinrie-i«Mon- agreement aoout ' 
300 employees of «arth-mOv^ 
mg equipment manufacturers, 

- Komatsu; in Rrtfcy, war be . 
expected to follow the now 
established Japanese practice - 
of performing physical move- 
ments in time to muse for 
about five minutes each -day_: 
before work, when the factory,., 
is folly staffed. 



The ■ fust year of the 
community enterprise scheme 
sponsored by. The Times and 
the Royal Institute of British 
Architects is marked in a free 
illustrated booklet. 

: The booklet, published by. 
The Times and the Calouste 
Gulb enkian Foundation, in--- 
eludes a foreword by the 
Prince of Wales, .who pre- 
sented awards in London last 
month, together with articles 
on local environment and a 
list of related organizations. 
Community Enterprise, edited 
by Charles Knevitt (send l8p 
SAE to: CoihmunityEnterprize. 
Department JD1, The Beacon 
Press. 33 Clifle High Street » 
Lewes. East Sussex pN7 2AN. 
Balk orders available). : 

Woman wins 
surety appeal , 

Mis Stella Bozzard, of-' 
Winders Hill Cottages, Quarry 
Road. Godsione, Surrey, who 
stood as surety for her lover 
who was granted bail on drug 
charges but foiled to appear 
for his trial, yesterday wonan • 
appeal against forfeiting ■ 
£25,000. . ... : 

Lord .Justice Stephen i 
Brown, sitting with Mr Justice 
Schiemann in the -High Court, 
London, quashed the order by 
Chelmsford Crown Court ixs 
cause her surety covered only 
periods when the esse had 
been adjourned, and did not - 
relate to the period between . 
the maa’s committal hearing 
and his trial . . 

£18,000 for 
loss of baby 

A motflfcr was awarded 
$18,070 damages in the High 
Court yesterttey^fora hospital 
mistake ttiat .led lo her giving 
birth to a stillborn child and 
which almost wrecked her 
marriage. . 

Mr Justice Simon said the 
Nonb Hertfordshire Mater- 
nity Hospital foiled to admin- 
ister a medical test which 
would have led to an induced 
birth by Mis Katrina Begley, 

Darwin Road, 
Stevenage, Hertfordshire. - 

Drinkers start 
at earlier age 

Underage drinking is on 
the increase, and young people 
are starting to drink at an 
earlier age, according to a 
national survey published to- 
day by the Health Education 

More than eight out of It) 
men, and seven out of 10 
women in the 18-to-24 age 
group said they started drink- 
ing before they were 18, the 
legal age for buying alcohoL 

Terrorists kill 

John Kyle,, a Protestant 
businessman in his thirties 
from' Sixnifiecross, was shot 
dead yesterday in a bar at 
Greencastie, near Omagh in 
Co Tyrone^ 

Last- night local people sus- 
pected he had become a target 
for republican terrorists be- 
cause his family's company 
might have been supplying 
materials to the security 

MP case ends 

An action for unfair. dis- 
missal against Mr Bob day, 
Inbour , MP for Sunderland 
North,” by his former sec- 
retary Miss Deborah Shields, 
aged 27, was withdrawn yes- 
terday after three days of an 
industrial tribunal bearing at 
Newcastle upon Tyne. 

CND delay 

Nudear Disarmament that 

SS5i&SS yedyeaerday 

Three killed 

.Three- women died and « 
man w^seriously ii^redfa a 

yesterda^b* »» Stiriig! 



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Road crash victim 
loses extra cash 
awarded for divorce 

An award of £4X126 dam- 
ages to a road crash victim, 
whose devastating injuries 
wrecked his marriage and left 
his life in ruins, was cut by 

£10.000 off a sum of £60.000 
awarded for “pain, suffering 
and loss of amenity”. 

Mr Pritchard, of Weavills 
Road, Bishopstoke, Hamp- 

£72,000 in the Court of Appral shire, was injured in 1976 

y c 5? ft ky* . , when a lorry collided with his 

The judges ruled that Mr car 
Vivian Pritchard, aged 40. J H Cobden Ltd, the owners 
should now receive £362,126 of the lorry, and their driver, 
instead of the sum awarded to Mr Malcolm Pamm, of 
hnn by Mr Justice Swinton Martock. Somerset, did not 
Tnomas m l to High Court last coolest liability for the ac- 

September, which was a 
record for road accident 

Setting an important legal 
precedent. Lord Justice 

was a ridem, which left Mr Priich- 
accident ard with what the High Court 
judge described as 
int legal “catastrophic” brain damage. 
Justice Before the accident he was a 

O’Connor, Lord Justice happy family man who en- 
Croom-Johnsott and Lord joyed bis work as a techni cal 
Justice Sir Roger Ormrod officer for the Ministry of 
ruled that Mr Pritchard was Defence and had a keen 
not entitled to £53.000 to interest in sailing, swimming, 
enable him to set up two reading, do-it-yourself and 
separate households - one for driving. He and his wife, 
himself and one for his wife Mary, now 38, had an active 
and children - after a divorce social life. His injuries left him 
due to a personality change brain damaged, blind in one 
caused by his injuries. eye and with a severely para- 

The judges also halved an lysed leg. 

£18,000 award in respect of The couple married in 1969 
nursing care given to Mr and have three children. They 
Pritchard by his wife, and cut were divorced in 1984. Mrs 

Pritchard, of Brindic Lodge. 
Nunton, near Salisbury. Wilt- 
shire. brought the divorce 
proceedings after the marriage 
broke down because of her 
husband's injuries. 

Cancelling the £53.000 
award for the cost of two 
homes. Lord Justice 
O'Connor said: “Any alter- 
ation of the plaintiff's finan- 
cial position as a result of 
divorce or breakdown of mar- 
riage should be wholly dis- 
regarded when it comes to 
assessing the damages 
recoverable by him from the | 

“We consider that this 
should be so, despite the fact 
that the divorce has resulted 
from the injuries . 

After the ruling, which is 
expected to be the subject of 
an appeal to the House of 
Lords, a lawyer said: “This 
totally changes the law. It 
means that, as a matter of 
public policy, you cannot now 
get damages in respect of costs 
incurred by a divorce which 
has stemmed from accident 

Sara Trainor shows Mr Jack Feinstein the painting that won her an awards in America (Photograph: Suresh Karadta). 

Artist finds cabbie she made famous 

Hypnotist Better deal sought 
‘ mad „ e man for children 

By Trudi McIntosh 

An American art student, 
whose oil painting of a London 
taxi driver in his cab won two 
important art awards in Bos- 
ton, was reunited with her 
subject in Mayfair yesterday 

Boston. Massachusetts, pre- 
sented the painting, “London 
Cab Driver", to a delighted 
Mr Jack Feinstein, who has 
been driving American tour- 
ists around the capital's sights 
for 28 years. 

“To be London's only taxi 

‘made man 
confused 9 

A businessman wanted to 
die in his hypnotist's chair 
after being told of his 
company's collapse, a medical 
disciplinary hearing was told 

Mr George Watetson, aged 
49, said he nad nothing to live 
for when told that his once 
successful bicyde business 
had to go into liquidation. 

Later that week Mr 
Waieison, of Arthog Road, 
Hale. Cheshire, was admitted 
to hospital, after a “gross 
deterioration" in his health, 
his wife Anne, told the Gen- 
eral Medical Council in 

She said her husband suf- 
fered a change in personality 
and health while being treated 
by Dr Joseph Jaffe. This was 
due to mjections of a mysteri- 
ous drug “Jaffe juice” and 
hypnosis treatment given by 
the doctor, she claimed. 

Dr Jaffe, ofSbeepfoot Lane, 
Prestwich, Manchester, was 
appearing before the General 
Medical Council disciplinary 
committee over five charges 
of serious professional 

after writing a letter to The driver immortalized on canvas 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

The Law Commission for making decisions and 
wants a better deal for chi I- looking after the child do not 
dren of divorced parents. It always go to the same parent 

says they can feel like ping 
pong rails, batted from 
mother to father and back 

The proposed change would 
mean most decisions would be 
taken by the parent whom the 

again under court orders child was with. Parents would 
awarding custody to one par- be treated more equally. 

ent and rights of access to the 

“Custodianship” — new in 

Among other issues tackled 
by the Commission is whether 
the present duties of divorce 

1 985 — allows other relatives, co approve airange- 

siep-parents and foster par- m ents for children achieves its 
ents to apply and grand- objectives, 
parents can ask for access. - - .. 

muddhng, the commission j 5Q000 children Divorced a 
says. There are 12 different Year: who cares?, is available 

ways for courts to make cus- free 0 f charge from the Law 
tody and access orders and Commission, which is asking 
there is evidence that the for views to be sent by Decem- 
svstem does not always work, ber 31 to Miss J C Hem. The 
The commission has reviewed Uw Commission Ctwjrat 

thC 5 Ub C a,K, i n r*,W?SH? Theobalds^Road !" 1 London 
paper. Review of Child Law. ^yciN "’BO 

Custody, published today. The Law Commission. Hork- 
asks for views on new propos- j ng p apcr No 96. Family Law 
als. Review of Child Law : Custody 

At present responsibilities HM Stationery Office, £7.50. 

American tourists are 

Times to trace him. 

Sara Trainor, aged 18. from 

Offers of 
art home 
pour in 

The rush is on to provide a 
home for a superb art collec- 
tion being offered to Britain 
by one of America's richest 

There have been more than 
30 proposals since The Times 
disclosed on Monday that Mr 
Fred Koch, a multimillion- 
aire, had scrapped plans to 
establish his arl gallery and 
study centre in a Regent's 
Park villa. 

Mr Koch blamed the 
complexities of the British 
planning system, which had 
led to a three-year delay in 
getting approval for the 
project, for his decision to pull 

But since stating that he still 
preferred a British home for 
the gallery devoted to nine- 
teenth century academic art 
his agents. Duttons, have 
been inundated with offers 
from around the country. 

is like a dream come true. I am 
still getting over the shock of 

Sara finding me out of 19,000 
taxi drivers". Mr Feinstein 
from Gants Hilt, Essex, said. 

He was found when The 
Times sent a photograph of 
him to the London Taxi 
Drivers Association. It had 
been taken three years ago by 
Sara's sister. Carol, after Mr 
Feinstein had driven them 
from ontside Buckingham Pal- 

Crime Survey 

More people walk in fear 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Most people arc more anx- 
ious about their personal 
safety than they were last year, 
according to a crime survey 
published yesterday. Women 
and old people are most 
fearful, and only a few people 
say they arc less anxious. 

The survey, carried out by 
telephone among 456 people 
in the middle of this month, 
was conducted by BJM Re- 
search Partners Group for the 
Association of Market Survey 

Eighty-seven per cent of 
parents with children aged 

under 14 said they stopped 
them playing alone or in the 
street more than they believed 
their parents had. 

Most respondents (88 per 
cent) felt that people who 
committed serious crimes re- 
ceived sentences that were 
light, compared with those 
that courts meted out for less 
serious crimes. A similar 
number believed that the 
courts were frequently not 
imposing heavy enough 

At the same time a fifth of 
those questioned thought that 

of food 
‘should be 
deferred 9 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Government plans to allow 
the irradiation of food should . 
be postponed for up to three 
years to allow adequate safety 
checks to be carried out. the 
National Consumer Council 
says today. 

“We have still to be con- 
vinced that sufficient informa- 
tion exists to be reasonably 
sure that irradiation does not 
pose any new hazards to the 
consumer,” the council chair- 
man, Mr Michael Montague, 
says in a letter to Mr Barney 
Hayhoe, Minister of State for 

The letter was made public 
on the final day for submitting 
comments on food irradiation 
to the minister. In April the 
Department of Health and 

lotograph: Suresh Ka ra d, a,. 

g* tee which recommended that 

i tOTtlAllC general clearance for food 
’ X m l lvf irradiation should be granted, 

ace to Harrods in council says irradiation 

Knightsbridge. Mr Feinstein pr° v, cte sdl-yeu- availa- 

» as recognized immediately. b,1 ^, of P^hable toodsiuffs. 

v • Dcbrea s Peerage, for more 

Miss Trainor, who is tonr- than two centuries the world's 
ing Britain with her family, leading authority on arisio- 
said: era tic lineage, said yesterday it 

-i «... was diversifying into the gour- 

present him the painting after jj«s w^riies)^ 1 (NlCholaS 

£ 5^?“ 05 ^TTte fits? S the “carefully 
his name back m l983. selected" products to bear the 

Debrcu's coronet emblem will 
be Scottish smoked salmon 
and a range of smoked 
• g» cheeses, produced by West- 

r 1 T*| I PQT* moriand Smoked Foods, of 

L 111 IVal Cumbria. 

The publishing company's 
■ r managing director. Mr Robert 

. - Jarman, said that demand for 

the tength of the foods was especially high 

sentence nghL overseas, in particular the US 

There was some sympathy and Japan. 

for police forces: more than 

three quarters of those asked m 4. 

thought that the police were XZII1 gTalll lOl 

u " ned - , ^ hrf computers to 

Of 131 people who had • r j • 1 j 

reported incidents to the po- aSSlSl (I I Sa Died 
lice, in a third of cases the 

police responded within five The Government is to make 
minutes, in a fifth they took £- million available for 
between six and 10 minutes, developing computers and 
and in 8 per cent they took electronics to help the dis- 
between 1 1 and 20 minutes to abled. The funding is designed 
respond 10 ai iracl four times that 

figure, mostly from the private 
rnilTlfT mol D “« or < Biu Johnstone writes). 
'UUUU Ilialv Mr Geoffrey Pattie. Min- 
0 ister for Information Technol- 

nt ogy, said Ihe initiative will last 

ment, whereas women were until 1988. “Information tech- 
more likely to be discharged or nology is 100 often seen as a 
put on probation. dehumanizing or alienating 

factor, but it has enormous 
Changes in the nature of power to benefit the lives of 
shopping have contributed' to people.^ particularly disabled 
the growth of shoplifting, people.” 

Nacro says. Inquiries by the He said eligibility for fiind- 
Homc Office Standing Com- ing will depend on the inno- 
mittee on Crime Prevention vative aspects of the new 
have shown that shops vary products or proposals and the 
greatly in how mnch they pro- benefits which would accrue 

Typical shoplifter is a young male 

By Our Home Affairs Correspondent 

SJ&BlSfe' coming back to Britain Man lay dead 

ing him addicted to an By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor IOf SIX WCGKS 

washing his patient and leav- 
ing him addicted to an 
unknown drug. The charge 
states the treatment made Mr 
Waterson confused, his 
health, mood and mental 
concentration affected, leav- 
ing him unable to fulfil his 
domestic and business 

Mrs Waterson said that in 
March 1983. when told his 
business was finished, her 
husband broke down. “He was 
crying and trembling. He 
could hardly lift his feet 10 
walk properly.” 

“He said he had nothing left 
to live for — be wanted to die. 
He just wanted to go and sit in 
Dr Jaffe’s black chair and 

The hearing continues. 

Theft marks 
growing loss 
of church art 

The theft of a 460-year-old 
brass figure of a young woman 
from inside St Peter and St 
Paul’s church in Appledore, 
Kent, is the latest of a growing 
trend to steal valuable medi- 
eval English metal works 
(Angella Johnson writes). 

The five-and-three-quarter- 
inch figure (right), of a young 
girl with long flowing hair, 
dressed in a long gown with 
fur cuffs and a headdress, is 
dated . 1520 and it is expected 
that it will end up either in a 
private collection or be sold to 
an antique dealer. 

The Monumental Brass 
Society says that if this trend 
continues the result wittbe a 
gradual erosion of the 8,000 or 
so medieval brass pieces to be 
found in old churches all over 
the country. 

Mr John ■ Page-Phifops, 
president of the society said: 
“There is a very real danger 
that we will never recover this 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 
Airlines, hotels and shops ity, said there was ample 
were yesterday reporting that evidence that traffic from 

American tourists are back in north America has been pick- 
greater numbers but official ing up. The authority's New 

figures showed how far they York office is now getting 
turned away from Britain 1,000 inquiries a day. 

earlier in the year. 

Mr Robin Lees, chief exec- 

in May the number of utive of the British Hotels, 
visitors from north America Restaurants and Caterers 
plunged 40 per cent compared Association, said: “There 

! ample Edith Bond fobbed off 
ic from neighbours' inquiries about 
*n pick- her husband, William, aged 
y's New 74, for six weeks while his 
getting body lay in bed in their flat in 
Rockingham Street, South- 
ief exec- wark. south London. 

Hotels, Dr Charles Naylor, patholo- 
Caterers gist, told Southwark coroners’ 
“There court yesterday that it was 

The popular idea of the 
shoplifter as a mentally un- 
balanced, middle-aged or el- 
derly woman is not borne out 
by the bets, according to a 
briefing paper by the National 
Association for the Care and 
Resettlement of Offenders 
(Nacro) published today. 

“As with most other crimes, 
the known offender is typically 
young and male." The propor- 
tion of male shoplifters is 

particularly striking as women 
are generally more responsible 
for shopping. 

“However, there is a higher 
proportion of women (39 per 
cent) among shoplifters who 
are cautioned or convicted 
than among other offenders.*’ 

Nearly half of male and 
female shoplifters are under 
21 years old. Men were more 
likely to sentences of immedi- 
ate or suspended imprison- 

ment, whereas women were 
more likely to be discharged or 
put on probation. 

tect themselves. 

to disabled people. 

with the same period last year, seem to have been plenty of impossible to ascertain the 
The steep decline, on top of Americans over for the big cause of death. Dr David 
a 19 percent drop in April, events like Wimbledon, Ascot Vernon Foster, the coroner, j 
came after fears about terror- and Henley while the royal recorded an open verdict and i 
ism had combined with the wedding not only gave hotels the inquest was told that Mrs 

Bond had been taken into care, j 

effects of a weak dollar to plenty of business but should 
leave Americans with Iks stimulate further tourism." 
holiday spending power in British Airways reported 
sterling. June carryings from the 

Mr Duncan BIack,chairman United States to be an 

of the British Tourist Author- improvement on May. 

unutaic luiiuti iuuiiuil a c 

British Airways reported 3 VG8TS IOT 

ne carryings from the - ^ 

nited States to be an DOV S Klll6r 

inmvraMMl nn Msv — 

ITN proposes 
24-hour news 
by satellite 

Independent Television 
News has drawn up plans for a 
24-boor news and current 
affairs channel, which it hopes 
to begin bro adca sti ng by sat- 
ellite directly to homes by 
1990 (Gavin Bell writes). 

Proposals being discussed 
with prospective partners are 
aimed at providing live cover- 
age of important events, as 
well as regular news bsUetins 
and features oa sport, the arts, 
and consumer products. 

The Independent Broad- 
casting Authority has invited 
applications by August 29 for 
contracts to broadcast 
UN’s plans, which envisage 
co-operation with A meric a n 
and Australian networks, in- 
clude regular coverage of the 
1 European Parliament and the 

. United Sates Congress. The 

small but aaBent piece. Of cmpa-iy also believe? Hut 

the 36 brass objects stolen 
since the war, only 11 have 
been recovered. 

both Houses of Parliament 
may be televised after the next 
general election. 

A man who pleaded guilty 
to the manslaughter of a boy 
aged two was jailed for three 
years in Birmingham yester- 
day. Peter Blundell, aged 31, 
admitted shaking the boy vio- 
lently and banging his head 
against a wait causing brain 

A kidney belonging to the 
boy, Los McGurin. was used 
to save the life of a Manches- 
ter girl, aged 1 1, after he died 
when his mother agreed to a 
life support machine being 
switched off. 

Youth held on 
death charges 

Lee Baker, aged 19, who is 
charged with killing Mrs Aida 
1 Goode, aged 49, and Mr Clive 
Rattue. aged S3, at 
South bourne, was yesterday 
remanded in custody by 
Bournemouth magistrates. 

Baker, of Bournemouth, is 
also accused of trying to kill 
Mrs Helen Longhurst, aged 
19, arson at Mrs Goode’s 
home, and assaulting Miss 
Rene Weigel, aged 16. The 
offences are alleged to have 
been committed last Monday. 

Court calls a halt to bar-room justice 


No camera hasever created such a stir 
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By Richard Ford 

The time-honoured phrase 
“being called to the bar” » 
Bader threat after taking on a 
literal meaning In a remote 
county of the Irish Republic. 

Courts in some a reas ;of Co 
Donegal have been sitting m 
geensed premises as part of 
the cooneB’s effort to provide 
bettor equipped venues for 
justices, legal representatives 
aad their clients. 

As Gmaness was consumed 
in the bars, justice was dis- 
pensed in a makeshift court- 
room at hotels in four places. 
But people taking children to 
court were breakum the law 

and the Garda*. (poB« 

cers) appearing in cases were 
breaching their own disa- 

Court in DnMin 

has now halted the practice 
after objections from a soli£ 
itor who discovered an 1851 
law prohibiting courts on li- 
censed premises. I 

Instead of the Old Milford 
Hotel, at Milford, the Ostan 
pa Rosann, in Dnngloe, 
Arnold's HoteL Dunfanaghy, 
and the Abbey HoteL Don- 
egal, justices most sit m 
snliceiued accommodation. 

The High Court granted a 

accommodation in a number of 
towns in the comity. 

Two months ago his senior 
partner objected to courts in 
licensed premises in foar 
towns. Early in July Mr 
Neilan sat in the Milford hotel 
and proposed to adjoin cases 
to a special court. 

The adjournments contra- 
vened the Petty -Sessions Ire- 
land Act, 1851, which forbade 
corats on licensed premises 
and die conditional order 

second temporary older ban- ui^ e fri May which banned 
uing a district justice from jggtjces from sitting in snch 
bolding a court at die hotel in promises. 

Milford after being told that Afterwards Mr McMyler 
Mr John Ntitan had ad- -These are not suitable 

jonrued cases from the hotel to venues for dealing with family 

1 .Lnj •_ 


a special hearing. law matters or children's 

An affidavit from Mr Pat- cases. Family law is supposed 
rick McMyler, a solicitor, said 10 be ‘in camera' tat everyone 
that there had been difficulty knew what was going on.” 
in providing court house It was an offence to take 

children aged under 16 into 
licensed premises, he said, and 
under their disdplmary code 
the Gardai were allowed on 
such premises only in uniform 
and as part of doty. 

There are five established 
court houses in die county but 
in another 13 isolated areas 
the county council rents 
accommodation which many 
members of the legal pro- 
fession consider toad equate. 

“Holding coots in licensed 
premises and in some of the 
Other accommodation de- 
means the whole legal sys- 
tem", Mr McMyler said. 

Donegal County Comal, 
which is responsible for court 
accommodation, said that it 
had been forced to rent bote* 
rooms because it did not have 
the resources to provide new 


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Plea to 

By Thomson Prentice 

Science Correspondent 

The medical profession 
throughout Britain is being 
urged to help to fight a 
whooping cough epidemic 
which is due to reach a peak 
this autumn. 

Sir Donald Acheson, chief 
medical officer at the Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 
Security, and Mrs Anne Poole, 
the chief nursing officer, have 
written to doctors and nurses, 
appealing to them to maintain 
the momentum on immuniza- 
tion against the disease, after a 
government-sponsored cam- 
paign launched last 

immunization rates among 
infants have risen slowly, 
from 51 per cent in 1 982 to 65 
percent in 1984. but are still as 
much as 20 per cent lower 
than vaccinations for other 
diseases. Concern among par- 
ents about possible side effects 
of the whooping cough vac- 
cine has been an important 
factor for the tow rate. 

“If parents can be per- 
suaded to have all susceptible 
children under the age of six 
protected, except where the 
doctor advises against it. the 
level of immunity in the 
population will be such that 
this prolonged and unpleasant 
disease can be virtually 
eliminated,” Sir Donald ana 
Mrs Poole said yesterday. 

Doctors and nurses are 
being told in the Department 
of Health letter that action 
now can still reduce the 
impact of the current epi- 
demic. which occurs in four- 
year cycles. 

• The Royal Society of 
Medicine yesterday called for 
a mass immunization pro- 
gramme for homosexuals 
against hepatitis, who are 500 
times more likely to get the 
disease than heterosexuals. 

Mrs Gleoys Kinnock leaving Northampton with Monsignor 
Bruce Kent on the anti-nuclear march to Towoester. 

Mrs Kinnock in march 

Mrs Glenys Kinnock, wife 
of the Labour Party leader, 
joined Monsignor Brace Kent, 
vice-chairman of the Cam- 
paign for Nudear Disarma- 
ment (CNDJ, on an anti- 
nuclear march yesterday. 

Mrs Kinnock set ont on the 
11 -mile Northampton to 
Towcester beg of a 500-mile 
march by Mgr Kent from the 
Fas lane Polaris submarine 
base in Scotland to the nuclear 

armaments factory at 
Bmghleigh, Berkshire. 

She said she wanted to show 
the links between disarma- 
ment and development and 
that Third World people were 
dying while the developed 
world was spending money “to 
arm ourselves to death**. 

The march, which will fin- 
ish next week, has so far 
raised £75,000 for War On 
Want and the CND. 

Regional trends 

Where provinces outdo the rich 

— aT nor PH 

By Robin Young 

The South-east is the wealthiest 
region in Britain, but East Anglia the 
most rapidly growing. The North- 
west has the highest birth rate, while 
the East Midlands tops the league for 
violence against the person apd 
sexual offences. 

Northern Ireland has more church 
marriages and the lowest illegitimacy 
rates, bat also the highest death rate 
from heart disease, while the North 
has most cancer deaths. 

All those, and thousands more facts 
besides, are contained in 160 tables, 

Ulster ‘is 
most law 
abiding 9 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 
Correspondent ■ 

Northern Ireland is the 
most law-abiding place in the 
United Kingdom, according 
to figures of notifiable of- 
fences recorded by the police. 

There is not as much violence 
against the person there as in 
some other places and much 
less criminal damage. 

That is how Northern Ire- 
land appears when the of- 
fences are given per 100,000 
population in Regional 
Trends. With 4.292 offences in has fewer than half the 
9229 of top-of-the-table Scot- 
land. and even the North 
(8,734) and North-west 
(8,642). Next in criminality 
come Yorkshire and Humber- 
side (7.303). the South-east 
(7,172), West Midlands 
(7,006), East Midlands 
(6,333), Wales (6.109), South- 
west (5,056) and East Anglia 

But Northern Ireland comes 
top for robbery and the South- 
east next Scotland scores 
heavily with fraud and forgery 
and the highest incidence of 
criminal damage. The South- 
east has by no means as much 

maps and charts of regional data 
produced by the Government Statis- 
tical Service to make up the twenty- 
first edition of the Central Statistical 
Office's animal publication, Regional 

Chapters include coverage of 
population (30 per cent np in East 
Anglia since 1961); housing (North-, 
era Ireland exceptional in having a 
higher completion rate in 1984 than in 
1979); health (more than twice the 
number of health service beds per 
L000 of population available in 
Scotland than in the Oxford regional 
health authority); law enforcement 

(more than twice the proportion of 
motoring prosecutions for reckless or 
careless driving in Northern Ireland 
than • in any other region); and 
education ( Scotland has the smallest 
pupiUeacher ratio hot Greater Lon- 
don has the smallest class sizes)- - 
; On employment, it is disclosed that 
the North was the only region where 
the civilian working population 
(which includes the unemployed) was 
smaller in 1985 than ft was in 1975.. 

ForeigtMwned enterprises a*y 
counted Cor 36 per cent of net capital 
expenditure in manufacturing in 
Northern Ireland in 1983, but only 9 

per cent in 

side and the West Midtaofc - j 

Nearly a qnarter of the I 

Kingdom dnityherd te to . 
west, and peariM •** 

herd in Scotland. On transport the ^ 
South-west has more care per head 
than any other region: 

> * 


likely to own all consumer durables,^ 
accept washing machine* lnowtra# g* 
Northern Irish households 

the least likely to have mostj** 

yet have an tmosuajly Ugh. 

Tomorrow: earning* 

' a 

Notable offences recorded 
by the Police 
Rates per 

1 100,000 population g 

■ &000 and over | 
B 7,000-7,999 
EJ 0,000-6,999 

O Under 5,000 

halt cancer 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Cwt^ik indent - -g 

' A large increase in the sounds laigfc hi# b 
number of tests for cervical means that wffir about w — 
cancer has resulted in only a and a half million .wpmeo a ^ 
small decrease in the deaths year are bwng teswd, snotnai 
from foe disease, according to is pathetic. • - 

About five mOtion women ; r. 
should be receiving the test.* 
according, .to Dr 

Figures for Scotland are not strictly comparable with those 
for England and Wales because of differences in legal 
systems, recording, and clarification. Northern Ireland 
figures exclude criminal damage valued at £200 or less. 

(2.643) or Scotland (2,179). differences", the survey says. 
However a footnote says Operations in which fire- 
that figures for Scotland are arms were issued to police in 

• Great Britain were 17 percent 
fewer in 1984 than in 1983. 

not strictly comparable with 
those for England and Wales 
because of differences in foe 
legal system, recording prac- 
tices and classification. Statis- 
tics for Northern Ireland 
exclude criminal damage of 
£200 or less. 

The figures are bound to 
add to doubts about using 
recorded offences as a means 
of measuring crime and rates 
of solving it “The variations 
in recorded crime by region 
are a result partly of police 

, . recording and operational dif- 

burglary ( i .622) as. say, the f er *nces, but reflect more the 
North (2,679), North-west socio-economic-industrial 

Variations in the rate per 
armed robbery result from 
differences . in police force 
policies for issuing firearms. 
The report gives the number- 
of operations in which fire- 
arms were issued to the police 
and the number of armed 
robberies in each region, then 
gives the ratio of issues to 
armed robberies: in foe South- 
east 1.30 compared with 4.14 
in foe South-west 
The report shows dif- 
ferences in court sentencing. 

the latest government health 

The reduction was de- 
scribed as "wretched and 
appalling" by a leading 
specialist yesterday. 

**We are only barely 
containing the problem and 
unless we do something ur- 
gently we will be faring a bilge 
increase in deaths by the end 
of foe century," Dr- Robert 
Yule, head of Britain's biggest 
cervical smear testing lab- 
oratory, said- 

The’ figures show that .3.4 
million tests were carried out 
in 1984, 24 percent more than 
in 1979. But 2.130 women jn 
Britain died from the disease 
in 1984, only 9 per cent fewer 
than five years earlier. Cer- 
vical cancer can be cured if 
detected and treated at an 
early stage.. 

“A reduction In the death 
rate of about 2 per cent a year 
is disgraceful. It shows that we 
are not helping foe women 
most at risk, those over 40 and 
those in the lower socio- 
economic classes,** Dr Yule 

. “The number of tests 


Yule, who I* consultant cyto- ..* 
pathologist at the Christie ^ 
Hospital Manchester. .• - -- 
The government statistics -I 
for J 984 also sbpw a 7 percent «. 
rise in tte number of legal y; 
abortions, add suggest that the ri 
increase may have been linked 

. with a *W "• & 

vioua year.- Many women ^* 
stopped : using 'oiw contra- G 
ceptives because of iWWiaty 
that associated some types of >.S - 
pill with an increased risk of -7 
cancer. ’ *”’ 

Low rates ^vaccination of -- 

children against whooping .'G 

cough Indicate that many -«• 
parents are si® concerned - 
about possible Side effects. 

Waiting lists for : hospital v 
treatment were, longest m the , 
North-east Thames health ^ 
gion in London, and. shortest 
in the nei^ibounnf- North- 
west Thames region- Private 
medical insurance was more:*’ 
likely to he held in the souths 
east of England than anywhere: 

: else in Britain. 



If you’ve got a lump sum to invest, you’ve a choice of 
ways to get tax-free returns at guaranteed rates of interest 

The 31st Issue Savings Certificate gives you a fixed 
return of 7.85% pa over a full five years. That rate of interest 
is guaranteed whatever happens to interest rates elsewhere. 

And now there is the new 4th Issue Index-linked 
Savings Certificate, on sale from 1 August, which gives you a 
guaranteed return of 4% pa over five years on top of full 

Both these National Savings investments are com- 
pletely secure. And both are free of tax - whatever rate of 
income tax you pay. You don’t even need to enter them on 
your tax form. 

Which should you go for? Ydu can go for both. They . 
are sold in units of £25 and you can buy up to £5,000 worth 
of each Certificate. And that’s in addition to any other Issues 
of Savings Certificates you have already. 

You can get prospectuses (4th Issue from 1 August) and 
application forms from your bank or post office. Or ling 
free on 0800-100-100 (24 hour service) now and we will send 
the application form and either prospectus to you right away. 

Don’t delay - make sure of these tax-free returns while 
they remain on offer 



Tax-free & guaranteed 

Home ownership up by 8% 

By Christopher Wannan, Property Correspondent 
ownership in the tenants have bad foe right to dwelling, 
buy. . 

The proportion of homes 
rented from local authorities 
or pew town corporations rose 
slightly or remained steady 
between 1974 and 1979 bill 
fell by 3 per centor more from 
1979 to 1984, reflecting the 
righf-to-buy legislation. 

Home ownership in 
United Kingdom, now stand- 
ing at about 62 per cent, 
shows wide regional vari- 
ations, the survey shows. 

In Scotland, where home 
ownership has traditionally 
been in foe minority, it stood 
at 40 per cent in 1984 but that 
compared with 33 per cent in 
1974. By contrast the highest 
level was in the south-west of 
England, where home owner- : prices, 
ship increased from 61 per prices Jo. 
cent to 69 per cent in the 10 
years to 1984. 

In all regions, home owner- 
ship increased during the pe- 
riod by 8 or 9 percent, with a 
particular rise in the past five 
years, during which council 

_ whereat in the 
South-east st figure was 
£313,000, compared - with 
£238,000 nr 1983, - 

•' In Greater Londbn flte cost 
of housing taf per hectare 
increased from ! £493,000 in 
1 983 to £559.000 in 1 984, but 
because of the high cost of 
London bousing .ink tend ac- 

The statistics chart the ^counted -for astightly lower 
continuing, iacreaseuwv house percentage of the price -.26: 
sbow hpw the high: -per cent - fbaif in foe South? 
: east generally; 

For foe Southeast outside -■ 
Greater London, the price hr 
1984 was £269,000 per hect- 
are, compared with £100,000 
in the North-west, £150i0Q0 in 
the West Midlands .and 
£74,000 in East Anglia; > ■■ 

London-, and: 

South-east reflect = relatively 
high costs, of housing land. 

The recorded price of hous- 
ing land in the North in 1984 
was £65,000 per hectare, and 
land price accounted for 9 per 
cent of the cost of a new 


Owner-occupied Ranted from local Pri vate se c t or tenting . . 

authority - imdu<flng housing 

. . or now town aaaoc taltdnS 

1974 1979 1984 1974 1979 1994 1974 1979 1984 

United Kingdom 







. 16 

13 . 





i 54. 



. 35 




*• .* 

Yorks & Humberside 











East Midlands 





29 - 

25 - 

. 16 

12 • 


- s 

East Anglia 







• 19 



South East 




■ 26 ■ 


‘ 24 


' 16 / 









- 19 

17 • 

' 15 • 


* • 

West Midlands 




. ..33 



10 - , 


. te 








14 . 

















17 L 












54 - 



11 •• 

' 9 

Northern Ireland 


53 - 


37 . 






Sown* The Department ef EnvVomwM 


Docklands - 

Light rail link essential to 1 
finance centre development 


Without an extension of the 
London docklands light railway 
to Canary Wharf ft would be 
impossible to go ahead with a 
proposed massive new finance 
centre covering 71 acres and 
including three office blocks One 
850 feet high. Lord Hacking 
(Ind) said in the House of Lords 
when successfully moving the 
second reading of the London 
Docklands Railway (City Exten- 
sion) Bill 

Without the railway link, be 
said, the complex could only 
become a satellite in danger of 
moving away to an orbit sepa- 
rate from the City of London.' 
The developers had said that 
without the rail link they would 
not go ahead with the finance 

That was not to downgrade 
road plans and even a link via 
the Thames, but the rail link 
would provide a four-way inter- 
change at Bank station with the 

underground- There was no 
truth in the rumour that foe 
Northern Line was in danger of 

The new docklands fight rail- 
** completed by 
1 989. would greatly improve the 
public transport system, of foe- 

The Canary Wharf develop- 
ment would be the biggest 
private investment project in 
the workL covering a space of 
liAmiHipn square feet ofwbich 
8.8 million would be office 
accommodation and support 
services- • 

It would create 57.000 jobs 
when completed, of which 
21,000 would be available to 
people living locally. • 

■ The light railway, both the 
original line and foe proposed 
extension up to the Bank -of 
England, would cost a n es- 
timated £200. million, about half 
the cost of a conventional rail 

Lofd-Seftoa of Canton said that 
it seemed to him that what they ' 
were talking about was not -a 

regeneration ■ of London * 

Docklands.- but the creation of a 
new capital city/a third as bigas i* 
London. • -. 

He moved an instruction that - 
the select committee . 
considering the Bill should have 
regard to the consequences of 
foe. proposals on foe rest of foe : 
South East region and jn ' 

panmiJar on the City ' of - 

London. . 

This has ceased (he 1 


bemme something extra, ranch 

bl 88W. 

Lwd Aberdare (Inti) said thefo : 
were 15 petitions against foe Bijl 
so foe select committee would 
oe nearing a wide variety of 
objections to ft. ■ ‘ 

Ewl of Limerick (Con), said 
space was needed for foe 
development of financial 
services, and l the developers rf 

fo«foey.wjsre pot willing- to- 
"” less a 

100,000 sales a year 


Under foe tenant's right to buy 
legislation, sales to sitting ten-, 
ants were running at about 
100.000 a year and already 
totalled nearly a million al- 
together. Lord Elton. Minister of 
State for Environment, said 
when moving second reading of 
foe Housing and Planning Bill 
in foe Lords. 

However, very few of foe 
buyers were people who lived in 
flats. They made up only 4 per 
cent of the total, and the scheme 

should be changed for their 
benefit. The Bill would increase 
the maximum discount avail- 
able to tenants of flats from 60 
per cent to 70 per cent after 15 
yews tenancy. It would also 
reduce the period during which 
foe purchaser of a dwelling 
under the scheme who sold it 
was liable to repay a proportion 
of foe discount on resale from 
five years to three. 

With its other provisions foe 
Bill would increase foe numbers 
of those who would buy their 
council flats and improve foe 
management -of many housing 
estates. • • • • 

Sale board limits 

Stricter limitations otj the size 
and in some circumstances, foe 
number of estate agents’ boards 
which may be displayed on 
property are pro- 
posed in a consultation paper 
issued today by xhe Department 
of Environment, 

Minister of State for EuriroS: 
ment, said in a written ronty 

New peer introdacoT 

Lord Bonham Carter, forfoeriy 
Mr Mark Bonham CarreTS 
firet .chairman of the 
Relations Board, .1966-70 and 
Chairman of the -Community 
Relations Commission, 197 £ 
77, was in traduced as a life peer. ' 

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Pretoria counts on ineffective sanctions 

Geoffrey Smith 

Would It really matter if 
next week's meeting led to the 
break up of the Common- 
wealth? One of the am- 

sequences of the bitter dispute 

over South African sanctions , 
is tint, for the first time, a 
significant section Of opinion 
has developed in this country 
that would positively welcome 
such an outcome. The Com- : 
monwealth is seen as diverting 1 
British energies and distorting , 
British priorities. Is this the 
new realism? 

Thirty to 40 years ago it was 
fashionable to speak of 
Britain's International rela- 
tions in terms of the three 
interlocking circles of Western 
Europe, the United Sates and ! 
the Commonwealth. The an of 
foreign policy was to keep 
these circles in balance. 

When Britain first applied 
to join the European Economic 
Community in 1961, the 
Commonwealth circle was al- 
ready smaller than the other 
two. One mij&lit not have 
supposed so to judge from the 
rhetoric of the debate at that 
time. Much of the opposition 
was couched in terms of the 
incompatibility of Commmuty 
membership with Common- 
wealth obligations. 

But it has always seemed to 
me that the critical tension 
was between Britain's Atlantic 
and European connections. 
That was where de Gaulle put 
the emphasis in bis historic 
press conference rejecting 
Britain's case when he por- 
trayed this country as 
America's Trojan bone. 

Family analogy 
has weaknesses 

Since then the Common- 
wealth has slipped still further 
in Britain's order of priorities. 

It has suffered, in particular, 
from the analogy of a family 
which has encouraged false 
expectations and a mistaken 
understanding of its true 

One can see the appeal of 
this comparison, with its over- 
tones of sentiment and its 
emphasis on the ties^ofhtood. 
Membership of the Common- 
wealth is based not upon any 
shared view of the world, but 
simply upon the common 
e xperience of haring once been 
ruled by Britain. If it dad not 
exist it would be impossible to 
invent it 

This experience has left 
behind both emotional bonds 
and psychological hang-ups 
which are central to the 
Commonwealth of today. But 
the family analogy out be 
misleading for two reasons, fn 
most families a mother’s love 
can be taken for granted. As 
the children grow up they 
usually know that their par- 
ents are even more anxious 
t han they are to maintain the 
contact. Often the parents 
develop a psychological 

The other members have 
frequently behaved, especially 
over Rhodesia and South Af- 
rica, as if Britain's attachment 
to the Commonwealth could be 
taken for granted. They seem 
to imagine that they can hurt 
Britain most by threatening to 
leave the Commonwealth. 

But Britain has no such 
psychological dependence 
these days. By exaggerating 
British affection, by using the 
Commonwealth as an in- 
strument for pressurizing Brit- 
ain, they have in fact reduced 
British appreciation of the 

Commonwea lth. 

Collapse might 
shift opinion 

The other weakness of the 
family comparison i s that it 
focases attention too ranch oh 
the past and too little on what 

the Commonwealth has to 
offer its members today. For 
Britain it provides a broader 
dimension to international 
nniirv a range of contacts 
around the worid winch confd 
not otherwise have the same 
intimacy. This fe bo 
top priority, hut it K avalrahl 


people feel the poorer? Wta* 

sequences for Whs Thatcher m 
gJ^roUapse of the Common- ■ 

JedTt The drawn beMJi 
public opinioa now and what it . 

SXld be if the Commonwealth 

to disintegrate. For Mre 

S'iS fro^bUify. a poHtkai ’ 

■wt s£trsx : 

8-Sfjs sssrs , 

t0 ^f^detiberate act of 
seen not ns a more thing i 

sMbKM 5 

SgsWM ! 

SS«&« Tte ‘ d, ' r : - ’ 

From Michael Hornsby 

The shots fired by President 
Botha at the departing figure 
of Sir Geoffrey Howe on 
Tuesday — one of the most 
comprehensive put-downs in 
the history of diplomacy — 
ought finally to have con- 
vinced everyone of the futility 
of the kind of appeal to sweet 
reason attempted by the For- 
eign Secretary. 

Long before Sir Geoffrey 
arrived here. President Botha 
and his close colleagues had 
. decided that the threat of 
economic sanctions was likely 
jo he worse than the reality, 
and that the latter, in turn, 
would be much less bad than 
acceptance of the political 
demands made by the West. 

Mrs Thatcher must surely 
now accept that even Sir 
Geoffrey's legendary capacity 
to absorb punishment ought 
not to be subjected to the 
indignity of yet another tour 
of South Africa. Mocked by 
Pretoria and shunned by black 
radicals, his "peace mission** 
is as dead as a doornail. 

The daily Current Affairs 
commentary on South African 
radio, which dosely reflects 
government views, said yes- 
terday that the Howe mission 
was fatally undermined by the 
"patently false premise" that 
the African National Congress 
(ANC) was anxious to take 
part in peaceful negotiations, 
and bad up to now “rejected 
such an initiative because of 
the legal prohibition on itself 
as an organization" and the 
imprisonment erf* one of its 
leaders, Mr Nelson Mandela. 

sees hope 
in summit 

By Rodney Cowtoo 

This weekend's Common- 
wealth mini-summit would 
show that the gap between 
Britain and other Common- 
wealth leaders over sanctions 
against South Africa was not 
too great and could be 
bridged. Mr Shridafh Ram- 
phal, Secretary-General of the 
Commonwealth, said yes- 

He was speaking after a final 
meeting of the seven members 
of the Commonwealth Emi- 
nent Persons Group, which 
published its report last 
month on its efforts to stimu- 
late a dialogue leading to 
political change in South 

The members met to ex- 
change information on die 
talks many of them have had 
in other countries. 

Mr Malcolm Fraser, a for- 
mer prime minister of Austra- 
lia who was co-chairman of 
the group, said that Sir Geof- 
frey Howe's mission to South 
Africa had ended in a tremen- 
dous rebuff not so much for 
him personally but for die 
British Government. . 

No one could now say that 
words and diplomacy were 
going to be effective, ft had 
confirmed the view of the 

g oup that the South African 
overnment was not pre- 
pared to negotiate. 

Mr Fraser and bis co- 
chairman of the group, Gen- 
eral Olusegun Obasanjo, who 
is a former head of govern- 
ment in Nigeria, are to stay in 
London during the summit 
meeting, which starts on Sun- 
day, to be available for 

Mr Ramphal said that as 
soon as the leaders arrived the 
process of trying to find a 
consensus would begin. 

Mr Chester Crocker, the US 
assistant Secretary of State for 
African Affairs, arrived in 
London yesterday, and win 
today have meetings both 
with Sir Geoffrey and with 
officials at the Foreign Office. 

The Anti-Apailheid Move- 
ment in London yesterday 
dismissed as a complete cha- 
rade claims that Britain bad 
done more to fight apartheid 
than any other main Western 
industrialized country. 

US trade deal 
on textiles 
under attack 

From Christopher Thomas 

The Reagan Administration 
came under fierce criticism on 
Capitol Hill yesterday after 
Congress was told that it had 
signed an agreement increas- 
ing textile imports from South 

The announcement came as 
the Senate foreign relations 
committee continued consid- 
eration of tough sanctions 
against Pretoria. The White 
House said the pact, signed at 
the end of last month, would 
allow a 4 per cent increase in 
textile imports. 

It argued that it would 
actually have the effect of 
limiting South Africa's share 
of the rising US market. "On 
balance, this agreement will 
help American producers," h 

Congressional moves were 
launched immediately to sc- 
rap the agreement Senator 
Richard Lugar, chairman of 
the foreign relations comm- 
ittee. said that the pact was 
hard to believe. U I am sur- 
prised that this kind of agree- 
ment should be worked out in 
ibis atmosphere," he said. 

African leaders meeting In 
Addis Ababa have condemned 
five Western slates — Britain, 
France. Israel, West Germany 
and the United States — for 
their dealings with Sooth Af- 
rica and have suggested vol- 
ant ary reprisals against 
Britain for Us opposition to 
sanctions (Renter reports from 
Addis Ababa). 

The Organization of African 
Unify (OAU) passed the rel- 
atively mild resolutions as 
expected after a militant cam- 
paign for tougher anti-West- 
ern measures appeared to lose 
momentum in the final hoars 
of its three-day summit. 

The ANC itself, the radio 
claimed, had "stated that 
unbanning the organization 
would make no difference 
either to its political demands 
or its stand on terrorist 
violence". It was dear it had 
"no interest in negotiations 
unless they deal solely with 
procedural mailers relating to 
acceptance of its political 

Western politicians search- 
ing for solutions in South 
Africa had "not yet begun to 
try to remove the real obstacle 
in the way of democratic 
negotiations that would in- 
clude the ANC*. the radio 
said. "That obstacle is the 
refusal of the ANC to have any 
pan of such a negotiating 
process, and threats directed 
against South Africa can do 
nothing to change it". 

In his statement on Tuesday 
night. President Botha sent a 
quite unambiguous signal to 

Sir Geoffrey and Lady Howe returning from South 
Heathrow yesterday while Sir Geoffrey's staff left, prepared 
for possible import limitations by stocking up on tiropical 
fruit and other goods. Photograph at left: Bill VY ar hurst. 

the outside world that Pretoria 
is prepared to face sanctions 
rather than shift from its 
position that it is the ANC 
which must make the first 
move by forswearing violence, 
and offering to enter into 

Pretoria calculates that, 
while sanctions will be damag- 
ing, they will never be com- 
prehensive and will never be 
effectively policed, and in 
, some cases (such as the threat- 
ened ban on new investments) 
.will merely endorse measures 

already imposed by the inter- 
national financial community. 

Both the commercial rand 
and the financial rand, the 
latter being the special lower 
rale used for all capital flows 
under South Africa’s two-tier 
exchange control system, fell 
by about a cent against the US 
dollar yesterday and then 
recovered somewhat with sup- 
port from the Reserve Bank. 
Dealers said the fail reflected 
nervousness here about the 
threat of further sanctions. 

One of the most interesting 
reactions to the failure of the 
Howe mission came in 
yesterday's Business Day. a 
newspaper which is usually a 

intransigence in the past. 

Yesterday, however, the pa- 
per aimed its barbs not at Mr 
Botha, but at the "hysterical 
demand for change in South 
Africa, no matter what the 
cost or the outcome", which, it 
said was analagous to (hat 
which trad swept the West in 
the last days of the Shah of 
Iran and' the American 
occupation of Vietnam. 

There was now little hope 
thtu anything the South Af- 
rican Government could do 
would avert sanctions, it as- 
serted. Even if Mr Mandela 
was released, and the ANC 
unbanned sanctions would 
only be put off for a few 

fairly accurate barom«er of months, "then the goal posts 
opinion in the business would be moved again, and a 

community, and which has 
been veiy critical of Pretoria’s 

fresh set of demands would be 
put forward". 


f:. 7* 

f i * *»■*»•** * “.AjHI 
r lVlY - 

- — JUft M* %v*c JU -, 

for EEC 
on mission 

From Richard Owen 

EEC governments are to 
bold consultations wirb Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher and Sir 
Geoffrey Howe through dip- 
lomatic channels today and 
tomorrow to gain a first-hand 
report on Sir Geoffrey's mis- 
sion to South Africa and to 
consider whether it is worth 
con tinning. 

But no EEC meeting is 
scheduled, and the EEC is 
likely to wait until after the 
Commonwealth mini-summit 
before reacting officially. 

Tbe EEC meeting in The 
Hague a month ago sent Sir 
Geoffrey to southern Africa in 
his capacity as president of 
the EEC Council of Ministers. 

Diplomats point ont that tbe 
summit gave him three months 
in which to establish con- 
ditions for a dialogue between 
black and white in South 
Africa and to seek the release 
iff political prisoners and the 
reform of apartheid. 

The view that an EEC 
meeting to assess bis mission 
is unlikely until September is 
underlined by the 
practicalities of the European 
summer break, which begins 

Nearly all EEC officials and 
government ministers take 
Uieir holiday in August, and 
tbe EEC headquarters in 
Brussels is redoced to a skel- 
eton staff. 

Nelson’s Victory 

Nelson Piquet sailed to victory in the 
German Grand Prix at Hockenheim on 
Sunday. Williams continue to dominate 
the Constructors’ Championship and, by 
taking third place, Nigel Mansell has 
extended his lead in the Drivers’ 

Mobil’s advanced synthetic oils and 
greases are part of the Williams winning 
formula. They provide real performance 
benefits - in aviation, marine and truck 
engines, in tough industrial applications 

and in your own motor car. 

It’s not just on the racetrack that we 
lead the field. 

Synthetic Oils 

The workfs most advanced lubricants 



Since they introduced a UnkUne 
0800 number Autoglass Windscreens 
have had a smashing time. 

In the first six months alone; 

they enjoyed a 30% increase in 

All thanks to the fact that ■< 
their customers’ calls are now 
free and, on average, are > 

answered within 10 seconds. 1 

If your windscreen is f ** 
shattered, so are you. You don’t 
want to spend time phoning 
around or going through _ 

an operator. ' M ir 

LinkUne scores by 
flli being quick and 

easy to use 

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373 . 


Reagan conciliatory as 
: preliminary meeting 
arranged with Moscow 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

•The stage looks set at last for 
a Superpower summit-meeting 
this year after a tentative 
agreement for talks in Wash- 
ington on September 19-20 
between Mr Georpe Shultz, 
the- US Secretary of State, and 
Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, the 
Soviet Foreign Minister. 

The encounter is designed 
to fix a firm date for the 
summit in the United States. 

.To smooth the way Mr 
Reagan is being extremely 
conciliatory in public about 
Moscow and its leaders, call- 
ing Mr Gorbachov “a modem 
man". He said that a letter on 
anms control sent to the Soviet 
leader last Friday “underlines 
my determination to keep the 
momentum going". 

The private letter was in 
response to Mr Gorbachov's 
message of June 23 proposing 
significant reductions in Mos- 
cow's offensive weapons if the 
US curbed its Strategic De- 
fence Initiative programme. 

Mr Reagan said that "for 
the first time we are not only 
pointed in the right direction 
towards reductions and elim- 
inations of nuclear weapons*, 
we have begun to move down 
that road". 

His repeated claims that his 
Star Wars initiative could lead 
to the elimination of nuclear 
weapons is not shared by most 
senior officials of the pro- 
gramme. who say that at best 
it could be expected to 

Salt talks reach an abrupt end 

’Geneva — The US-Soviet 
talks on the 1979 Sait 2 
Treaty wound up abruptly 
yesterday with a cryptic US 
communique saying that the. 
Russians had rejected Wash- 
ington's initiative (Alan Mc- 
Gregor writes). 

The communique said that 
the Russians had rejected 
President Reagan's call to join 

in establishing “an interim 
framework of truly mutual 
restraint pending conclusion of 
a verifiable agreement on deep 
and equitable reductions.** 

The Soviet version of the 
♦flitg was that America's 
attention had been drawn to 
the extremely dangerous con- 
sequences of the US ceasing to 
observe the Salt provisions. 

“devalue” Soviet nuclear mis- 
siles by providing a defensive 
shield against them in space. 

A fully effective shield is not 
regarded as technically fea- 
sible. Dr Allen Mense, deputy 
chief scientist of the project, 
has said that the objective 
would be to “minimise the 
maximum risk” of enemy 
missiles hitting the US. 

Mr Gorbachov is believed 
to have proposed in his letter 
to Mr Reagan that there 
should be an extension- of the 
Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty 
for 15 to 20 years, which 
would prohibit deployment of 
a space-based system. 

Mr Reagan has suggested a 
delay of five to seven years for 
deployment in space. Since 
the US is unlikely to be ready 
to deploy weapons for at least 
10 years, the sides seem 
extremely close on this issue. 

But Mr Reagan insisted: 
“Wc will not bargain away 
SDI, because it is a promising 
area of technology that could 
release the world from the 
threat of ballistic missiles. We 
must continue our SDI pro- 
gramme on schedule." 

Gorbachov defends arms spending 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, yesterday de- 
fended the Kremlin's arms 
spending in a talk with res- 
idents of the Far Eastern city 
of Khabarovsk. Moscow radio 
said (Reiner reports). 

;“!t is difficult to handle the 
imperialists. If we had been 
wfeak. nobody would have 
talked with us,” the radio, 
nxonitored by the BBC in 
London, quoted him as say- 

ing. “And however much it 
costs our people to spend on 
defence, never, in any place 1 
have been in the Soviet 
Union, have 1 heard anyone 
saying. 'Mikhail Sergeyevich, 
Id's abandon defence and 
move everything to consumer 
goods',” he added. 

Mr Gorbachov met chiefs of 
the Soviet Far Eastern mili- 
tary region during his visit. 

according to Tass. Mr 
Gorbachov has also visited 
the port of Vladivostok, home 
of the Soviet Pacific fleet, and 
the submarine-building centre 
■of Komsomolsk-na-Amure 
during a trip through the 
Soviet Far East that began on 

Tass said that he visited a 
state farm, an economic ex 
hibition and a sports stadium 

n( 1fl0 _n nt wh flles which were stranded after having been beached at the month of the Blackwood River, near Augusta 
About 100 by local P»ple iu ao effort to help them to refloat themselves. 

China hits 
at Afghan 
troops plan 

From Robert Grieves 

China yesterday all but 
dismissed the decision of Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov to with- 
draw six regiments of Soviet 
troops from Afghanistan. 

The Soviet invasion of 
Afghanistan, as well as 
Moscow's support for the 
Vietnamese regime in Cam- 
bodia and the presence of 
some 50 Soviet divisions on 
the Chinese border, have 
repeatedly been cited by Pe- 
king as three obstacles that bar 
the normalization of relations 
between the two countries. 

“The political settlement of 
Afghanistan lies in the com- 
plete withdrawal of Soviet 
troops.” a Chinese Foreign 
Ministry spokesman said at 
the ministry's weekly news 

EEC atom ‘silence’ attacked 

The nuclear industry was 
no! being open enough about 
the risk of accidents, Mr 
Stanley Clinton Davis, the 
EEC Commissioner for the 
Environment and Nuclear 
Safety, said yesterday. 

The commission had begun 
legal proceedings against eight 
member states, he said, for 
having failed to incorporate 
EEC directives on basic safety- 
standards into tbeir national 

But Mr Clinton Davis, 
Britain's junior commissioner 
in Brussels, said that there 
was no agreement so far 
among the Twelve on the need 
for an independent inspection 
force with wide powers to 
monitor the operation of 
nuclear plants in the EEC 
after the Chernobyl accident. 

The idea of an inspectorate 
had aroused “acute political 
difficulties", be said, but it had 
to be considered urgently. 

TI.U four rrr rminn-ies 

From Richard Owen. Brussels 
which have complied with 
EEC nodear safety standards, 
as updated ami revised two 
years ago, are Britain, France. 
Denmark and Greece. 

prim in and France are im- 
portant users of nuclear power, 
relying on nuclear energy for 
20 per cent arid 65 per cent of 

electricity needs respectively. 

Denmark and Greece, like 
Portugal, Ireland and Luxem- 
bourg. have no unclear plants. 
But EEC standards apply to 
the measuring of radiation for 
medical purposes and in the 
air, and apply to all member 

Of tbe states being taken to 
the European Court of Justice. 
Belgium. Spain, Holland, 
West Germany and Italy all 
have nuclear power plants. 

Mr Clinton Davis said that 
the Commission's investiga- 
tions into nuclear standards, 
which have now reached the 
end of their first phase, had 
bcoun well before Chernobyl 

and did not amount to “a 
hastily conceived public rela- 
tions exercise”. 

Public anxiety had to be 
allayed, and the public in 
Europe did not want to be 
patronized. “The law of si- 
lence has got to end." ho said. 

Mr Clinton Davis said that 
decision-making on nuclear 
matters was too cumbersome, 
that basic safety standards 
enshrined in the Euratom 
Treaty of 1959 had not kept 
pace with technology-, and that 
the trans-frontier impact of 
nuclear leaks was under- 

“This cannot go on," he 
said. “Chernobyl shows that 
in effect the whole population 
of the EEC lives in the vicinity 
of a nuclear installation.” 

He proposed to set up a 
standing conference on nuc- 
lear matters next year to 
enable people to gain an 
understanding of complex 
nuclear issues. 

famine a 
weapon for 
both sides 

From Charles Harrison 

Hunger is being used as a 
weapon both by the Sudanese 
Government and the forces 
opposing it in the country s 
guerrilla war, a southern Suda- 
nese representative said here 

‘ Mr DhoIAciulAIeu. general 
secretary of the Sudan Relief 
and Rehabilitation Agency 
(SRRA). which is linked 
closely to the Sudan People's 
Liberation Army (SPLA). the 
main guerrilla group, called 
for a large-scale airlift of relief 
food to counter the present 
widespread famine. 

He insisted, however, that 
the relief food must be distrib- 
uted by his agency after clear- 
ance by the SPLA The Sudan 
Army must not use any cease- 
fire to reinforce its positions in 
the south, he said. 

Mr Aleu said that the SPLA 
was prepared to allow food 
deliveries if its conditions 
were met. 

Relief agencies say that 
millions of people in the 
southern Sudan are starv ing 
because of the continuing civil 
war. Malnutrition, especially 
among children, is worse than 
it was in Ethiopia at the height 
of the 1984 famine. 

Mr Aleu said: “The Sudan 
Army has prevented the rural 
population from obtaining 
food from the garrison towns 
because they fear that the 
guerrillas will benefit. 

“As a response, the SPLA 
has blocked all roads and 
rivers, so that no food or 
reinforcements can reach the 

The famine, he said, would 
remain acute for another two 
months — when some crops 
are due to be harvested — and 
that there would be a lot of 
starvation. “In our opinion 
the situation can only be met 
by a massive airlift of food 
from Kenya. Uganda and 

US rebels 
‘bought for 
Surinam 9 

Washington (Renter) 
Thirteen American merce- 
naries arrested in New Or- 
leans intended to join rebels in 
Surinam trying to. overthrow 
the South American' ^onnriy ’s- 
left-wing military Gotera^-. 
meat, according io Western 
diplomats, and intelligence 

They were arrested ou Mon- 
day by .Federal Bureau of 
Investigation (FBI) and US 
Customs agents on charges of 
preparing to oust tbe Surinam 

An FBI spokesman said 
that tbe group, apparently all 
American citizens, bad been 

charged in a federal court with 

having violated the US Nes- 
trality Act. 

The officials said that the 
mercenaries intended to join a 
band of; rebels known as 
Bushnegroes led by Mr Ronny 
Brnnswijk, a former army 

Soch outside help for the 
small band of rebels in Suri- 
nam, the former Dutch colony, 
has prompted fears that the 
Government of Lieutenant" 
Cokmel Daysi Bouterse might 
damp down on the oppositwn 
just when it bad been g>w n B 
more leeway to political 

P *5ftiiere is really a military 
threat, It could be difficult to 
restrain the more hardline 
elements in the Government, 
one US intelligence official 
said. “They could bejeverting 
to repressive tactics." 

According to a New OrteaM 

court affidavit, a group based 
■in The Netherlands had con- 
tracted an American mer- 
S£y over an attempt to 
SStbrow the Bouterse Gov- 

^iSuna US Customs agents 
who infiltrated the meraaiary 
group seized ammunition and 

Wl AnJnfeUigence source said 
that rebel attacks last week on 

two army posts in the Sunmjra 

mnitaL Paramaribo, and on 
SKlkertsijver bri dge, were 

^ S y ffi^ba«ofai^ 

Soldiers to 
die for 

l be zmji 

■j ti^i j2 soldiers were 
sa«i the re bels during 


si* ™ro Bash- 

and tbeir commander 
negroes anow^ .^^re of 
was a former ““JJJJiead- 
M r Bnmswyk, the reoei 
r- ,i,p sources said- 

Heater query 

in singers 
olane crash 

; Washington ^ 

he 5 ,era ^Sion ■“>- 

earlier speai been the cause 
caine mw*®? fJ5f 0 the crash- 

of ^^no Ssions. but 


^acting «P 

Harare — Four Zimbabwe 
soldiers were sentenced to 
death yesterday for the brutal 
murder of an Ndebele-speak- 
ing army lieutenant and three 
civilians, in one of the first 
ra<« to prove allegations of 
security atrocities in the west- 
era province of Matabeleiand 
(Jan Raath writes). 

Mr Justice John Manyarara 
said it was clear that the four 
victims had been abducted, 
tortured and killed at a remote 
site in north-western Zim- 
babwe in February 1983. State 
evidence said that they had 
been bayonetted to death. 

Gandhi death 
report blocked 

Delhi (AP) - The lower 
house of Parliament passed a 
bill blocking the release of a 
judicial report on tbe assas- 
sination of the former Prime 
Minister, Mrs Indira Gandhi. 

Tbe legislation also em- 
powers the Government to 
block the release of other 
judicial reports, including one 
by a panel investigating anti- 
Sikh riots that followed the 
1 984 murder. Mrs Gandhi was 
killed by Sikhs. 

Papers protest 

Dhaka - More than 2,000 
journalists and press workers 
marched through Dhaka after 
a three -hour strike in protest 
at the closure of the country’s 
oldest English-language daily 
newspaper, the Bangladesh 
Observer, and its sister pub- 
lication Chitrali. 

Students held 

Santiago (Reuter) - Police 
said they arrested 1 00 students 
who occupied the University 
of Chile law school in a protest 
against the military govern- 
ment’s intervention in Chil- 
ean universities. 

Press gang 

Warsaw (Reuters) - Police 
have broken up a gang of 
printers who earned at least 
£225.000 in 17 months by 
producing pirate copies of 
official Communist Party 
newspapers on stolen paper in 
a state-owned printing shop. 

Women drown 

Seoul (AP) - Twenty-two 
women drowned when a small 
boat with 30 people aboirfl 
capsized near Kochang, onthe 
west coast of South Korea, 1 75 
miles south of here, the 
Yonhap News Agency said. 

Sea plunge 

Copenhagen (AP) — Five 
Danish nationals in a Cessna 
421 en route to Luton died 
when the aircraft plunged into 
the North Sea off Denmark s 
west coast. 

Senate on air 

Washington (Reuter) - The 
US Senate voted 78-21 to 
continue televising us daily 
proceedings permanently, 


Lausanne (AFP) — A Swiss 
watchmaker plans to market a 
watch that goes backwards, 

mainly for the US market. 



What's this? A summer 
estate car advertisement with 
no special offers or add-on 
extras, and at a time when ai! 
around us are loading their 
cars with extra goodies to 

Have we lost our reason? 
Or is it simply that our Regata 
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with extras, still has the edge 
over its rivals? 

Go along 
to your local 
Fiat dealer, cast' 


a critical eye over the two 
Regata Weekend models, and 
judge for yourself. 

The Weekend 85 Comfort 
comes with a smooth-changing 
5-speed gearbox to make the 
most of its 16 litre overhead 
cam engine. 

The rear window comes 
|with wash/wipe and there’s a 
split tailgate to make loading 
even simpler. 

Inside you’ll find seat belts 
|frontand rear, reclining front 
seats with matching cloth head 
restraintsand stereo radio 
- all standard. 

The Weekend 100 Super 
offers, in addition, power 
steering, rev counter — 
econometer, stereo radio 

cassette .more luxurious 
trim throughout, and an 
asymmetrically split folding 
rear seat 

There’s a tilt-and-siide 
glass sunroof, tinted glass all 
round, halogen headlights wi 
wash/wipe, and electrically 
operated front windows - 
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In both models you’ll fir 
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to 62 mph 
10 seconds 

mternally adjustable 


and a maximum 112 mph* ii 
the Weekend 100 Super. 

All in all. there’s a lot 
tempt you.and all of it 
affordable - just £6.997 5 f 
the Weekend 85 Comfort 
£8,590 : for the 100 Super. 

And with your Fiat dea 
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there’s never been a better 
time to talk to him. 

But even if you decide 
delay your decision to buy ; 
Regata Weekend, don’t wor 
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tWCESi COPRCf T AT WE ..i p EiT ii*. v T* v - "• 


: :: * -r-“ - Y 1 ■ ji-.iLt C 1 -™ : .■ 5-> rl- 7EL C?y« 

: 8 



Argentina and Brazil 
sign accords for a 
‘mini conunon market’ 

From A Correspondent, Buenos Aires 

Argentina and Brazil have 
rmalized their intention to 
u*ow together” by signing 
■cords for economic integra- 
w and co-operation. 
President Alfonsin of Ale- 
nina and President Samey of 
razil were joined on T uesday 
•cning by President Sanguin- 
'd of Uruguay for the cerc- 
ony. Uruguay's entry into 
hat’ enthusiastic supporters 
e calling a “mini common 
arkei” is being studied and 
i participation is expected to 
■ arranged within 90 days. 
The accords, which will go 
to effect on January i, 1987, 
e being seen as the opening 
t in a long process of 
creased economic lies that 
ighL if successful, include all 
' Latin America in a true 
•■mmon market 
The accords are the initia- 
ls of the new democracies, 
lilt on notions of mutual 
sistancc rather than the 
opolitical rivalry integral to 
c thinking of previous mili- 
ry governments. 

Shared problems also have 
t the stage for the accords, 
■azil and Argentina are the 
cond and third nations ranfc- 
a as debtors, and both are 

fearful of increasing protec- 
tionist trade moves in the 
industrialized countries. 

Speaking to the Argentine 
Congress before the signing. 
President Samey said; “We 
have come to the conclusion 
that, isolated, our countries 
can do little or nothing to 
change the world order.” 

The most detailed protocols 
have to do with initial steps 
toward integration in the cap- 
ital goods sector, an agree- 
ment by Brazil to increase 
grain purchases over the next 
four years, and the establish- 
ment of mechanisms for creat- 
ing stocks of foodstuffs as a 
means of helping to control 
suppiv and pricing in the two 
countries which have long 
histories of inflation. 

Growing caution on the part 
of the Argentine private sector 
delaved the elaboration of the 
list of capital goods products 
to be treated equally in both 
countries. The list is expected 
to be ready by the end of the 
year as assurances from eco- 
nomic authorities have calm- 
ed Argentine businessmen’s 
fears of being overcome by 
their more dynamic Brazilian 

The protocols also included 
an agreement to set up means 
for immediate communica- 
tion and assistance in the 
event of a nuclear accident. 

Other clauses provide mec- 
hanisms to balance trade 
when disequilibriums occur, 
to establish co-operation in 
biotechnology, to study poli- 
cies for import duties for third 
countries, to set up commis- 
sions to study the exchange of 
technology, increasing trade 
and other potential areas of 


Businessmen are not the 
only group in Argentina to 
express concern over the 
agreements. The General Con- 
federation of Labour in a 
statement criticized the trade 
accords for lacking a “social 
sense and a defence of 

The differential in wage 
scales between Argentina and 
Brazil, where pay is reported 
to be 20 to 30 per cent lower, 
has worried unions in Argen- 
tina which fear an effort to 
depress their earnings. 

Some Brazilian business- 
men also fear that workers 
there will uy to catch up with 
their southern neighbours. 

Children killed in Contra bomb raid 

- ... r,i fnr »Ko 

Managua (Reuter) — Five 
ilia ns were killed and 20 
ire were wounded when 
ultra rebels attacked a vil- 
>e in northern Nicaragua on 
lesday, Government radio 

The official Radio Sandrno 
id that four children and a 
unan were killed when the 

150 miles north of Managua in 
the province of Nneva Segovia. 
No details are available. 

Meanwhile, some 200 for- 
eign volunteer workers and 
left-wing opposition MFs 
gathered outside the US Em- 
bassy here to protest against 
the deaths on Monday of five 
people, including three Euro- 

support for the mercenaries”, 
a spokesman for the protesters 
said. “They murder innocent 

The three Europeans killed 
— Herr Bernhard Kalberstein 
of West Germany, Mr Ivan 
Leyvraz of Switzerland, and M 
Joel Fienx, a Frenchman with 

id that four children and a tne a earns on mommy ui 

wppp lhimI when the people, including three Euro- Nicaraguan citizenship have 
cents. w », 0 aj- e backed hy peans, in a rebel ambush on a been buried in the provincial 
■ United States, fired mor- northern Nicaraguan road. jlhlrf Mategalpa, 70 miles 
■s at the village of QanalL “We demand an end to US from Managua. 

Justice William Rehnqnist, nominated as the next US Chief Justice. brfore 

giving testimony to a largely hostile Senate judiciary co mmittee m Washington. 

Buttock-baring Belgian civil servants 

face cuts msickleave 


Queen when she toured New sick leave for civil servants, mutated iK^SSS-v^r 
Zealand were each fined but even if the reforms go 6 j 0 days. The 3 tway-a-yrar 
SNZ 100 (£36) yesterday. through some officials wifi allowance has_ come 

A Christch urch court heard still have the right to a year off a ngja 

al M Charies Ferdinand Not- — 

SlSSS: IrcumuMOTof kSve 

locks as the Queen drove by some workers are abusing the would be limned to -80 days 
d35g““ visit on March 1. system that gives them the for 40-year-olds and 327 days 
The protests, a traditional right to 30 days a year off sick for 50 -year-oWs. A cuirent 
Maori insult, were not seen by without loss of pay. and 36>day maximum would re- 
the Queen, royal aides said. credits them with any sick main for those over 60. 

Extremism charge 

Next Chief J usdee 
under Senate siege 

From Christoph® Thomas, Washington V 
Justice Willhm feluKlgfc 

-“ISS S estremeW be Chief Justice . 

K stone-faced He said: -Mainstream or 

yesterday as he was criticised extreme, that is d* que$j 
ataaxueUing Senate heanng By his owj. reoonl 

for his “extreme” nws® massive isolated dissent, ^ 
race, the poor, tire Beimqiiist 

women and freedom of speech, -uggiipn — he is too 

The appointment, making ^ ^^^Soextreme on 

of “ 

be confirmed soon. *^L--*m* defended Mr 

But the hearings are grring | a is t vigorously, praising 
Democrats a platform to at- i abffiy and 

tack President Reagans SdicS record in lansfrtmjB. 

face^fX^ j^StatU^lyW*W» 
* «• 

nominees. senes w c 

The ideolo^cal tflt unD be jJSft derk in 1952; hfa 

advanced dranarireUyfef JOS' ro ie a Republican activist m 
tice Rehnqnist s accession. c j wrge of “ballot security 
But the ultimate prize is to programmes in Phoe nix in tire 
pnO the Bine-member Sh- ^ lWOs; and his tnrthfnl- 
preme Court away from its about those matters when 

_ slight liberal inclination. With tbey were first raised during 

I ana or fWf) rhflltges. lATI AonfarmflliflTI hCftfUUSS 

Brussels (Retiter) - The 
Belgian Government is to be 
asked to change its rules on 
sick leave for civil servants, 
bui even if the reforms go 
through some officials wifi 
still have the right to a year off 
at full pay. 

M Charles Ferdinand Not- 
homb. Minister in charge of 
the civil service, believes that 
some workers are abusing the 
system that gives them the 
right to 30 days a year off sick 
without loss of pay. and 
credits them with any “sick 

days” not taken. M Nothomb 
said that at the age of 50, some 
public servants had accu- 
mulated “illness capital” of 
630 days. “The 30-day-a-year 
allowance has come to be 
considered a right. We must 
remedy it,” he said. 

Under bis proposals, which 
go to Cabinet this week, 
accumulation of sick leave 
would be limited to 280 days 
for 40-year-olds and 327 days 
for 5 O^y ear-olds. A current 
365-dav maximum would re- 
main for those over 60. 

a reversal of the court s lana- 

mark 1974 Roe v Wade de- Kennedy said that 

dsion to legalize abortion. been chief 

Senator Alan Simpson* a jj, the critical years. 

Republican from. Wyoming, since ^ Second World Wax, 

J Ma DnlinAmcl that the .... 1 JiMviooMUlId 


, He <oH him teterirf tie 

to expect “loose feds, iwsti- to vote, women would be - 
ness, hype, hoorah, maybe * the status of 

little bit of hysteria. Be ready -grond-dass Americans, court 
tohearthatyouMearao^mi boQSes woa id be dosed to 
extremist — which has been challengers against 

suggested time and time again br utali ty and executive 

- a trampier of the poor, a __ dosed even to the 

sexist, an anwell man, a crazed press> Government would em- 

young law derk . . • brace religion and the wall o f 

The opening session on separation be 
Tuesday was seized on by and state would be in rums . 

France and Spam 
discuss Eta terror 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 
M Jean-Ben) ard Raimondi At the same time. - they, 
the French Foreign Minister, expressed scepticism over the 
arrived here yesterday 'for lasting effects of the new 
discussions with his Spanish Franco-Spanish police co- 
counterpart, Senor Francisco operation. 

Fernandez Ordonez, focusing Police said yesterday that 
on the Basque terrorist prob- .. the bomb which exploded m 
Iem and the fishing dispute the Don Carlos Hotel in 
between the twa countries in. Marbdla on Tuesday night 

the Bay of Biscay. 

had been hidden in the ward- 

The' groundwork lor a good . robe of $f fOtJWloqr b^roora. 
reception^ of. -whicfr wafe the same technique 
foreign ministers cannot al- used by Eta in attacks on 
ways be assured, had been. Costa del Sol hotels, in late 
prepared by the Chirac May and early last month. 

aaL A.W, a £m«> Minutoc 1 rtniTL. 


Government’s increased col- 

ly a few minutes’ warn- 

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for investors with j 

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I , . • • - • 

laboraiion with Madrid in the ing was given, but tiie sole 
fight against the Eta separ- injury was to a Spanish boy, 
atists. aged eight, hurt by flying glass. 

Thishas led to the summary First statistics .released by 

extradition of three alleged the.Spanish tourist authorities 
members of Eta’s military meanwhile show that Eta’s, 
wing who had been living in campaign has not so &r had 
south-west France under anti- the -effect of deterring Britons 
terrorism laws. They are now from holidaying in Spain, 
being interrogated by Spanish Official .figures show that 
police. more than 805,000 Britons 

terrorism laws. They are now from holidaying in Spain, 
being interrogated by Spanish Official .figures show that 
police. . . more than 805.000 Britons 

M RaimontFs brief visit — visited Spain last month, an 
he was due to return to Paris increase of some 250.000 on 
the same night — was not, June last year, 
however, expected to go into . Visitors from Britain during 
details of the further co- the first six months of the year 
operation Madrid hopes to numbered more than 2.5 mil- 
secure. because the nations' lion. 27 per cent more than in 
interior ministers are due to the first half of last year, and 

meet here next week. 

constituted the biggest single 

I To: Depc B.S.4., Abbey National Budding Society. FREEPOST. Ml Grafam Gate East, 

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j Minimum investment £25,000. j \ 

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Full namefs) Mn’Mrs/Miss — — — 

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j Signature(s) T8 

The Basque autonomous national contingent, 
government expressed its dis- • Rebel suspects held: Span- 
appointment yesterday that isb Civil Guards yesterday 
none of the April recom- arrested four men and two 
mendations of the inter- woman on suspicion of Eta 
national commission of ex- membership near San Sebas- 
perts. headed by Sir Clive tian under , an anti-terrorist 
Rose, of Britain, for solving law which allows police, to 
the problem of Eta terrorism, hold a suspect mcommuni- 
has yet been implemented by cado for up to 10 days (Reuter 
Madrid. reports). 

Five held after raid on 
French Basque group 

From Diana Geddes, Pstris • 

Five people were still being francs (nearly £50.000) Was 
detained last night after police stolen, 
on Tuesday raided the homes The swoop has increased 
in south-western France of the climate of fear in the 
suspected sympathizers of the French Basque country de- 
French Basque separatist or- a ted by the “get-tough” atti- 
ganizauon. Iparreiarak. It was tude of the new right-wing 
me biggest operation gainst Government toward the sepa- 
ihe organization since its ratist movement. Over the 
foundation in 1973. past fortnight three Spanish 

Four of the five are expected Basque refugees living in 
to be charged today. Two France have been expelled to 
others were arrested but later Spain, sending many other 
released without bein^ char- Spanish Basque, militants 
ged. Six of the seven originally underground, 
held were, French and the The Committee for the 
, other Spanish. • . Protection of the Riritt of 

Iparreiarak has claimed .Asylum, an umbrella organ- 
I responsibility for the terrorist izaiion for four French associ- 
attack on Fnday against a tew ations concerned with human 
court in Bayonne in which a rights and civil liberties, pro- 
policeman was shot ui an aim tested yesterday a gain« the • 

and eye. . expulsions, insisting that they 

.The organization is also were not justified and claim- 
believed to have been respon- ing that they exposed those 
siblc for a bank robbery last concerned to grave risks at the 
week in Biarritz when 500.000 hands of Spanish police. 

Death sentence on woman, 68 

Kuala Lumpur — A 
woman aged 68 was one 
of two people sentenced 
to death by the High 
Court here yesterday for 
drug dealing (AP reports). 

Tan Mer (left) . wi 
convicted of having dealt 
2 ntorpmne in 

May 1984. Muhammad 

?7 Sm wH« Bin Pawan ’ ased 

w ho was also sen- 

tenced to death, dealt in . | 
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Bush hopeful 
for early end 
to Egypt-Israel 
border dispute 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

Freed hostage takes message to Pope 

With messages to King 
Husain of Jordan and Presi- 
dent Mubarak of Egypt in his 
pocket, Mr George Bush, the 
US Vice-President, left here 
yesterday evening for Amman 
on the second stage of his 
Middle Eastern tour. 

He would give no details of 
what the messages were, be- 
yond saying that they con- 
tained plenty to talk about 
although no new proposals. 

He stressed the importance 
the US now placed on reach- 
ing an agreement between 
Israel and Egypt on their 
outstanding border dispute. 

“It's getung close to getting 
resolved," he said. “If my visit 
can be a catalyst for the 
signing of that agreement so 
much the better. But the main 
thing is that it gets done." 

Negotiators from the two 
countries, helped by American 
experts, continue work on the 
dispute today and tomorrow. 

According to Israeli sources 
there is a good possibility of an 
agreement being ready for 
initialling in Cairo early next 
week. This would need to be 
approved by both govern- 
ments before it could be 
formally signed. 

Mr Bush was undismayed 

by the fact that King Husain 
had immediately rejected his 
suggestion this week that the 
next logical step in the Middle 
East peace process was a 
meeting between him and the 
Israeli Prime Minister. 

The King said that direct 
negotiations could be held 
only within an international 
peace conference including 
the five permanent UN Se- 
curity Council members and 
those countries directly in- 
volved. This is also the po- 
sition of King Hassan of 
Morocco, whom Mr Shimon 
Peres, the Israeli Prime Min- 
ister. visited last week. 

Mr Bush said that the US 
would not support an inter- 
national peace conference be- 
cause this would risk turning 
into a U N debate which would 
achieve nothing. 

He also refused to consider 
any acknowledgemenet of 
Palestinian "self-determin- 
ation” outside the terms of 
existing UN resolutions. 

One important bilateral 
agreement was reached. This 
was to set up a joint study 
which could lead to Israel’s 
being granted special status 
comparable to Nato countries 
as a defence partner of the US. 

Rome (AP. Reuter) - The 
Rev Lawrence Jenco delivered 
a message to the Pope yes- 
terday from the Muslim zeal- 
ots who held him captive for 
nearly 19 months, and said 
that "the religious factor" was 
important in securiog the re- 
lease of other hostages in 

"To keep my promise (to his 
former captors) I have given a 
confidential message from my 
captors to the Holy Father," 
the American priest said after 
meeting (he Pope. 

Father Jenco. aged 51. said 
he would deliver the same 
message to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury* Dr Robert Run- 
cie. today. He also had a 
message for President Reagan. 

“The religious factor is of 
great importance in this 
matter." Looking tired after 
bis ordeal at the hands of the 
Islamic Jihad, he said he could 
not reveal what his captors 
wanted to communicate to the 

A Vatican spokesman said 
that Father Jenco, who was 

ordained in Rome in 1959, was 
accompanied to the "private" 
audience by Mr Terry Waite, 
Dr Runcie's special envoy, and 
12 relatives. 

He urged reporters to pray 
for the release of the Ameri- 
cans still held captive. He had 
shared a cell for a year with 
four hostages — Terry Ander- 
son. an Associated Press 
journalist; Mr David Jacob- 
sen, director of the American 
Hospital in Beirut; Mr Thom- 
as Sutherland, an agricultural 
expert at the American Uni- 

versity: and the Rev Thomas 
W eir, a Presbyterian minister. 

Reagan will meet Father 
Jenco in the Oval Office 
tomorrow, the White House 
announced (l PI repons). 

• BOSTON: Mrs Peggy Say. 
sister of Mr Anderson, said 
she is more afraid for his life 
after talking to Father Jenco. 
The captives, he told her, “are 
given the basic necessities of 
life and those are basic" (AP 

Austrian in 
to German 
atom plant 

From Richard Bassett 

An Austrian farmer Jiving 
close to the controversial West 
German nuclear power station 
21 Wackersdorf is to cake the 
German nuclear power in- 
dustry to coun in an attempt 
to stop the station being 
brought into use. 

He is supported by an 
en\ ironmemal movement cal- 
ling itself “Austrians Against 
Wackersdorf" which hopes 
that the Austrian court will 
rule against the West German 
project on the grounds that 
Austrians living near the 
Bavarian frontier, a few miles 
from Wackersdorf. were not 
consulted in accordance with 
West German law. 

Although the action is being 
brought in Austria. Herr 
Heinrich Wille. legal spokes- 
man for the movement yes- 
terday said that he believed 
there was a good chance that n 
would be successful and. as a 
result, legally binding in West 
Germany. Under a 1949 
agreement between Bonn and 
Vienna, the results of civil 
actions in Austria can be 
enforced in West Germany. 

The Wackersdorf project 
has soured relations between 
Bonn and Vienna, and dip- 
lomats here doubt whether the 
case will be successful in West 
Germany even if it is ap- 
proved by the Austrian courts 
later this week. 

£ 950,000 
reward for 
capture of 

From Frank Johnson 

The highest reward in West 
German history — three mil- 
lion marks (about £950.090) — 
was announced yesterday for 
what police described as "the 
decisive tip" leading to the 
arrest and conviction of the 
terrorists who murdered the 
Director of the Siemens com- 
pany, Herr Karl-Heinz Beck- 
urts. and his driver. Hen 
Eckerhard Groppler. in a Mu- 
nich suburb nu July 9. 

Half the money would come 
from public funds; the rest 
from industry sources includ- 
ing, it is understood, many 
companies whose executives 
names — like that of Hen 
Beckurts — were on "deal! 
lists" or other document. 1 
found in raids on flats occu 
pied by terrorists. 

The reward was agreed b’ 
Herr Friedrich Zimmerman 
the Minister of the Interior 
Police say that they ban 
received about 1.700 tips fron 
the public in the hunt for th> 
killers, but so far they have n> 
significant clues. 

Jfrsponsbility for the artac) 
- a remote-controlled bom 1 
fixed to a tree which destroy e* 
Hen- Beckurtss car as i 
passed — was claimed by th 
Red Army Faction, which ha 
emerged as West Germany* 
leading terrorist group, al 
though police believe it has 
hard core of only about 25. 

US accused of bullying 
Iceland over whaling 

Reykjavik (Reuter) — A 
dispute over whaling has 
strained the cordial relations 
between Iceland and the 
United States, with Reykjavik 
accusing Washington of bully- 
ing tactics. 

The Icelandic Prime Min- 
ister. Mr Steingrimur Herm- 
ansson, accused the US on 
Tuesday of having used 
“intolerable methods of 
coercion" to force the nation 
to abandon a hunt for whales 
for scientific purposes. 

He produced official docu- 
ments which he said proved 
that Washington was threaten- 
ing to boycott Iceland's fish 
products unless a hunt for this 

year's scientific quota of 80 fin 
whales and 40 sei whales was 
halted. He said the US threat 
had forced him on Monday to 
cal! a hah several weeks early 
to this season's hunk 

The Untied States, which 
has denied the Icelandic boy- 
cott claims repeatedly, lakes 
30 per cent of Iceland's fish 
sales. In Washington, officials 
denied that sanctions had 
been threatened. 

The US Ambassador to 
Iceland, Mr Nicholas Ruwe. 
was summoned for talks with 
Mr Hermansson on Tuesday, 
but the Prime Minister 
stopped short of a formal 

Law Report July 3 1 1 986 

Cheque holder for 
value under Act 

TacKenzie Mills v Buono 
efore Lord Justice May and 
ord Justice Stocker 
lodgment delivered July 10] 
The fact that the holder of a 
ieque had received it as 
idorsee from the payee in 
aymeni of an antecedent debt 
-nailer than the amount of the 
ieque did not prevent him 
om being the holder for value 
i due course of the whole 
ieque for the purposes of 
xtion 29(1) of the Bills of 
Kchange Act 1882, 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
rsmissing an appeal by the 
sfendanu Mr Franco Buono, 
om an order of Sir Ned 
awson who, sitting as a High 
ourl judge on October 10. 
)85. had dismissed his appeal 
om an order of Master Lub- 
>ck who had given summary 
idgment for the plaintiff solic- 
ors. Mackenzie Mills, in an 
:tion on a cheque for £3.7 14 
rawn by the defendant and 
idorsed to the plaintiff by the 

Section 27 of the Bills of 
icchange Act. 1882 provides: 
1) Valuable consideration lor 
bill may be constituted by - 
) anv consideration sufficient 
i support a simple contract; (b) 
iy antecedent debt or liability. 
-('») Where value has at any 
me' been given for a bill the 
jlder is deemed to be a holder 
r value as regards the acceptor 
id all parties to the bill who 
rame parties prior to such 

-f 3) Where the bolder of a Nil 
is a lien on it ... he is deemed 
, be a holder to the extent of die 
im for which he has a lien. 
Section 29(1) piwide* A 
jlder in due course is a holder 
ho has taken a WLco mfjteu 
>d regular on the race or it. 
ider the following conduioi as, 
(b) that he took the bium 

faith and for value.... - 

Mr Matthew Caswell for the 
rfcndant: Mr Antonio Bueno 
r the plaintiff. 

that die payee had owed the 
plaintiff about £500 in respect of 
continuing costs in litigation 
between it and the defendant 
when it had indorsed the cheque 
to it. and it had been clear that 
further, as then unascertained, 
liability to the plaintiff for such 
costs would be incurred by the 

The cheque had been nego- 
tiated to the plaintiff and there- 
fore section 27(3) of the 1882 
Act did not apply so as to render 
the plaintiff holder for value 
only in respect of the £500 odd 
which the payee had owed to it. 

The defendant had argued 
that since he had drawn the 
cheque in favour of the payee in 
anticipated payment for goods 
which had never been delivered, 
the payee had not given value 
for the cheque and that therefore 
the plaintiff could not claim to 
be deemed by section 27(2) to be 
a holder for value. 

Although in proceedings on 
the cheque between die payee 
and the defendant, the defen- 
dant might be able to say that 
consideration had wholly failed, 
at the time when the cheque had 
been drawn valuable consid- 
eration had been given for it, 
since it had been given in pan 
payment in anticipation of the 
receipt of goods. It followed that 
the plaintiff was deemed by 
section 27(2) to be a holder of 
the cheque for value. 

If that were wrong, the plain- 
tiff had in any event taken the 
cheque for value from the payee, 
that is. as payment of the 
existing debt and in anticipation 
of future debts. The defendant 
conceded that the other con- 
ditions in section 29(1) were 
fulfilled, and therefore the plain- 
tiff was the holder for value in 
due course of the cheque under 
that section. 

Lord Justice Stocker agreed. 

Solicitors: Sidney Torrance & 
Co for McCormick Castle & Co, 
Leeds; MacKenzic Mills. 

out prejudice rule 
limited to offers 


: excluded from 
nents marked 
lice" was not 
wnents which 
lacfied to those 
marked ana 
’ negotiations. 

tey were them- 
ss the privilege 
n some other 

Appeal (Lord 
id Lord J**®* 
ited on July - 5 
sons for allow- 
the defendant- 
front an order 
« on January 
Mr Justice 

| ordered that 

irepared by M r 

; in connection 
under section 
m and Country 

1971 for 

compensation arising from a 
discontinuance of business use 
order made by the plaintiffs. 
South Shropshire District Coun- 
cil. should be admitted m 
evidence on the heanng of Mr 
Amos's notice of reference to 
the Lands TribunaL Those 
documents were headed "with- 
out prejudice" and were written 
during the early stages or nego- 
tiations for compensation. 

said that in order to avoid any 
possibility of furore unnecessary 

disputes about such Mgns ihe 
court would state. $at the 

heading “withoui prejudice did 

not conclusively or automau- 
Sy render a document. so 
marked privileged: lhai. 
ipec was claimed but challenged. 
He court could look at a 
document so headed in order to 
its nature, and thai 
could im* .to a 

SSnXi heade 2 • " withawt 

prejudice" even if il was an 

Signing shot in negotiations. 

This September; the TSB Group share offer is How many shares can you buy? How much will j 

going ahead. So if you like the idea of owning a they cost? . . j information about the tsb Group share offer, 

bank, your chance has come. Make sure you find out by registering with the 

The TSB Group would like as many people as TSB Group Share Information Office. ] Name 

possible to think about buying their shares. You'll receive information about the is B and , 

It’s not a privatisation: the Government won't about buying and selling shares. You 11 be sent a Address 

get a penny The proceeds win be used to develop prospectus ^dapf^tion fern as soot ^ffiey: re 

the TSB and its wide range of services. published. And you 11 be under no obhgaGoa | 

The TSB has already developed from a single send in the coupon now, call at any TSB branch ( VURjf 

strongbox in Dumfriesshire into a major financial or phone 02 u ouu juu. . Pba C3de MK333M 

^‘^Sf ,withIiearly 1,600 branches 111 311 Now ifs your turn to say yes. iflr 

i i 8 w 8 



Job for 

an image 



I t was its handling of the 
competition for the design 
of its new extension that 
first won the National Gal- 
lery a reputation for getting 
nto well-meaning public mud- 
Ues. It has now followed that by 

our own venerable institution? 
Answering that question involves 
looking at exactly what the Na 
tional Gallery is there for. 

The traditional view is that it 
should be simply a place where 

naking what one gallery owner 
alls “a complete Haywain" of its 

ppointment of a new director to 
ucceed Sir Michael Levey, who is 


Having alarmed the London art 
wild and bruised the egos of the 
irilish candidates by encouraging 
n American to apply, and choos- 
ng him for the job, the National 
uffered the indignity of being told 
■y their prized import that he 
idn’t want the £37.000 a year 
ost [which, being a Civil Service 
ppointment, comes with in- 
remental holidays and pension 

Edmund “Ted" Pillsbury was 
pparently “sickened by the anti- 
Americanism" which his appoint- 
lent had aroused. The selection 
oard had to take another look at 
ie second-bests on the short list 
'ho had already had letters telling 
iem they had not got the job. 

preserved, a resort of quiet, spir- 
itual recreation; a place, as Aldous 
Huxley put it, to view “Old 
Masters and Young Mistresses". 

Another view is that it should 
play a louder and more active 
part, with special educational 
exhibitions, video aids, lectures 
and entertaining jamborees aimed 
at bringing in the public and 
bringing art to the people. At this, 
members of the London art 
establishment have been seen to 
raise their eyes in horror. “That 
sort of thing is all veTy well for 
America", one said, “where 90 per 
cent of the museums and art 
galleries have to pay their own 
way, without state or federal 

Thai sort of thing, however, is 


Rothschild’s new choice, an- 
ounced late yesterday, is 40-year- 
Id Neil MacGregor, a former 
rcturer in the history of art and 
rchi lecture who is currently 
diting The Burlington Magazine , 
le scholarly fine art publication 
funded by Roger Fiy in 1903, 
urrently celebrating its thou- 
indth issue. The board is said to 
ave been impressed by his fluent, 
riginal ideas about the future of 
ie gallery. His qualities will be 
imiliar to the current manage- 
lenl for Sir Michael Levey serves 
■n the magazine's consultative 

. Butwhat persuaded Jacob Roth- 
child, chairman of the gallery’s 
rustees, to look to America for his 
ihoice in the first place ? Is there 
omething going on in the Ameri- 
an gallery and museum world 
/hich can breathe life back into 


1823: Sir George Beaumont 

offers smaH collection of Old . 
Masters to the nation "if * 
suitable building found" 

1838: National Gallery , V 
designed by' WWiam WBldns 
on present Trafalgar . 

Square site, opened to public 

1855: Sir Charles Easttake • ; 

appointed first director. First 
annual purcbas&oantof ._ . . 
£10,000 voted by Parliament 

1962: Architectural competittori ■ 
held for new extenaori ^ ^ 
combining gaHefy and 
office block 

1983: Rrm of Ahrends; Burtoru 
and Kdraiek chosen as 
architects but toW to 
change their design ' 

1934: Sir Kenneth dark (later 
Lord Clark} director . 

1984: Amended design-called, a 
/■ . “monstrous carbuncle by,. 
■ • . Prince Charles; Warming 
: pennfeson refused - ■ 

1940: Paintings moved to Welsh 
quarry tor safe keeping .* 

1841: Bomb destroys one room 

I960; Chancellor Heathcoat ■ 
Amery opens discussions on 
new west extension 

'1985: Sainsbur\rfamfiy gw« ■ 

1980: First attempt to raise 
private cash fans 

IfflHfcSir tyfcha^Leye y ’- : V f 
announces retiramfehtln *' 
January riejd yes’.-: 

... Search forsuccesspr begins 

Sir Michael Levey was an ideal 
man to ease the- gallery gently m 
this direction (visitors topped' 
three million for the first time last 

year). He is not jusra populist be 
is also an art historian with, an 
unimpeachable academic back- 
ground, who was able to develop 
the gallery without- edmmitting it 
totally to either role.- Bui gallery 
directors are finally judged - by- 
what they have bought; He was 
also an expert .at that.' “It’s a 
terrible thing to say", he confessed 
once, “but I find it great fun, 
thrashing out a deal" 

^ f w ■ fho afpcararifc oF 
1 y '• » . rfel; masterpieces "■ 

■ • ; • > 


so the Nariop^paflery; wfto its . - 
goverameht tnm&asing .ferartt-of ^ 

y i ‘ 

**-■ ■/— . V 1 

Deals he has thrashed , out 
recently have brought in paintings 
by Matisse and Picasso, which 
marks a departure for the -Na- 
tionaL The gallery had previously 
left such modern paintings to the 

So who will now be picked to 
follow him? And are we about to 
see a change of direction towards 
more “entertainment" in die 
American style; and perhaps an 
admission charge, something Sir 
Michael always resisted? . - 

increasingly difficult to compete--, 
with . insutirtions’Sk|;;lfe r <5ej^ 

Museum of Ronp^whiCTttos an / 
annual £25 tnjllitRr.taJs^^" -. \ v 

It is no t ewor thy feiat - ^Ted > 
Pifisbury's Kim bell A^t Kiusfeupi - ■■ . 
in . Fort Worth, .Tcxaventoys thtf-T 
second larg^' purcti^ng Yun^j 
after the Gelty. it was satatoTte;' 7 
his aggress ve art buying that&st; 
attracted him to Jacob Rcnhsibild 
(they met when RothscbikJ vioted r 
.the Fort Worth ganenr loolaA^fer 
arefahectbial v lo^Hbr. the 7 toew .* 
National Gallery eXtehsionX^ 

, 1 c ■ 

r Sr » :n 

At the National, the ip^s^on is • 
now . a little _ better, : sujpe .'the. 

One certain thing is that who- 
ever arrives -will have a massive 
job on his or her hands. There is 
said to be a degree of friction 
among the senior staffi for one 
thing “Whoever comes will have 
to be strong enough to knock their 
heads together’’, one insider says. . 

relatively tight budget/ihust carpr; 
the kind I of. weight which jvifl 
encourage people either, to help 
him out with donations 'or steer • 
pictures bis way for sale by,, 
“private treaty",' rather "than 
putting them' on the open market.. 

Top job going begging: but some say that Jacob Rothschild, chairman of the National’s trustees, will see the new director as his own assistant 

also very much alive in Britain, 
particularly in the provinces. Ju- 
lian Spalding the 38-year-old 
director of Manchester Art Gal- 
lery and believed to have been a 
candidate for the National job, is 
one of the leaders of this 
“populist" school In Manchester 
he is even running an art lending 
library for local people. 

Under Sir Michael Levey, the 
National Gallery has also in recent 
years made a few gestures towards 

“populism". He appointed a Cu- 
rator of Education, Alistair Smith, 
a man in his early forties who rides 
in every day from Walthamstow 
on his motor bike. Rumour has it 
that one of the daily events at the 
National Gallery is the sight of 
Smith divesting himself of his 
leathers in the office and emerg- 
ing like a mayfly from its nymph, 
in the sober good taste of an art 

Among the changes fostered by 
his department was the appoint- 

ment of regular “artists in 
residence", the National being 
among the first galleries to do this. 
There have also been regular 
“Artist's Eye" exhibitions, in 
which well known contemporary 
painters like David Hockney, 
Howard Hodgkin, and Francis 
Bacon have been lured into the 
gallery to select their favourite 
pictures from the collection, 
providing an explanation for their 
choices and addinga few examples 
of their own wor£ There are also 

occasional educative exhibitions, 
taking one aspect of a painter or 
school and illustrating it with 
work from the collection. 

This teaching role is. In fact 
rooted in the founding of the . 
gallery; when Sir George Beau- 
mont, an English private collector, 
offered his Old Masters to the 
nation in . 1823 if a suitable 
building could be found to house 
them. He believed that “by easy 
access to such works of art the 
public taste might improve". 

The gallery is on the edge of a 
busy and fascinating period:: 
Thanks to the generosity of the 
Sainsbory family, the' new exten- 
sion can now go ahead. There is no 
longer any need for it .lo .be 
combined with an office develop-. . 
menlio raise the- cash, a com- 
promise that dogged the old 
scheme (which the PribcedfWaies . 
called a “monstrous .caibimcle").- 
This will provide a ch ancestor the . 
reorganization ' of 'the gaBooPs 
whole hanging scheme, upon 
wtach judgement can vary from “a 
bit higgledy-piggledy" to “a 
mess”. - - - 

f he replacement last year 
: ■ : of the schoKriy^ Lonl^ 

- ■' Annan by the Wheeling- 

dealing Jacob . Roth- 
trustees will certainly provider tfve^ 
new director with support m this , 
department 1 He let it be known j 
that he favoured someone whose- 
mind, was “unduttered by pter : 
^conceived- notions .of how;, to 
administer a British galley. -One. - • 
matter - of t>specidation . : is “how- 

playin- tle^ew regime. Itlias been/ 
suggested ihat. he will . see : the ; 
director, as . hs own /super- 
assistant ' ' - ” • " .; "• 

Pearson Phillips 

Return of a Greek legend 

How the trireme, 

the ramming ship 

that gave Athens 

naval supremacy 

2,500 years ago, 

is being rebuilt 

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• CanymgCaae 

• Full 5-year C 

The graceful outline of an 
ancient Greek trireme has 
begun to take shape behind a 
makeshift shed of corrugated 
iron sheets in a yard near 
Piraeus. Greek shipwrights, 
working out of elaborate Brit- 
ish designs, are moulding a 
copy of the 120-foot fighting 
ship which gave Athens its 
naval supremacy in classical 

Dimitri Tzikakos’s shipyard 
in Perama is barely a stone’s 
throw from the Straits ofSala- 
mis where the Greeks, using 
triremes, defeated the superior 
Persian fleet in 480 BC 

The building of the trireme, 
which began in July last year, 
is an Anglo-Greek venture. 
The Greek Navy is spending 
about £400,000 to foot the bill, 
while Britain’s “Trireme 
Trust" has contributed blue- 
prints and specifications. 
These were prepared by John 
Coates, one-time chief naval 
architect in the Ministry of 
Defence, based on research by 
Professor John Morrison, a 
past president of Wolfson 
College, Cambridge. 

Commander Stavros Platis, 
one of the two American- 
trained naval architects of the 
Greek Navy assigned to the 
project, hopes that the trireme 
will be ready for launching in 
September. Little was known 
about the construction, largely 
because no complete trireme 
has ever been found. The only 
part of a contemporary war- 
ship retrieved is a bronze ram 
found in Athlit, near Haifa. 

Historians say that the 
sleek, shallow warships were 
fast and highly manoeuvrable. 
They bad a mast, a square 
main sail and a smaller sail 
fore. But according to 
Xenophon's descriptions, 
both were left behind when 
the triremes went into battle, 
where they would ram and 
sink the enemy ships under 
the power of 170 professional 

Arguments about the 
trireme’s speed, the length of 
oars and the deployment of 
oarsmen stimulated a long 
and heated debate in the 

: J /. j:. "'-y ; 

> •• • -■ 

Fighting ship: a model of the trireme being bttiit near the site of the 480 BC Battle of Safaunis 

letters columns of The Times 
in 1975. That led to the idea of 
building a working copy, and 
the present experiment is 
likely to provide the answers. 

At Perama, the builders 
have joined together the 
planks and the keel by small 
wooden slats sunk into chis- 
elled cuttings and pinned with 
wooden pegs. The planks are 
Oregon pine, the keel, of 
African iroko wood which 
resists erosion, and the pegs, 
25.000 of them, are of oak. • 

The dimensions were estab- 
lished by measurements made 
at the end of the last century in 
the excavated shipyards- of 
Piraeus. The Perama trireme 
is 120ft lOin long and I7ft 
Uin wide with a 6ft Sin. 
freeboard. The 200 oars, or- 
dered in Oregon, are 13ft 9in 
with the shorter ones 13ft 2ra 
long. Fully loaded with 170 
oarsmen, 30 crew and gear, it 
should weigh 48 tonnes. 

The trireme's record for 
long-distance travel was nar- 
rated by TTuicydides in book 
three of his history -Of the 
Peloponnesian War. The 
Athenians, having tad second 
thoughts on a decision to kill 
all the inhabitants of Mytilene 
on the island of Lesbos after a 
revolt, dispatched a trireme to 
catch up with the ship sent 24 
hours earlier with the execu- 
tion order. 

Its oarsmen were fed with 
cakes of barley mixed, with 
olive oil and wine while they 
rowed, and took turns to sleep- 
The trireme reached the is- 
land. 190 miles away, just in 
time to avert a massacre. 
Coates calculates that the 

trireme covered the distance 
at an average speed of 7-5 
knots an hour. “We might test 
if a modern -crew can match - 
this record". Morrison said. . 

How fast could a trireme 
go? A one-tenth model was 
tested in a water tank at the 
Technical University of Ath- 
ens and the findings fed into a 
computer. “It came up with a . 
staggering ramming speed of 
10 knots an- hour". Platis said. 

Morrison and Coates hope 
.to be closely associated with ; 

the sea trials of tHe trireme in 
the Aegean. -“We. want; to* 
obtain as much information as 
-possible on its performanc e, in ' 
battle and its ability io.go on 
longer, voyages’ 4 ., Morrison 
said:.---: -V? 

“In :..the battle 

the Persian ships wereliigher 
in the water and therefore 
difficult to manoeuvre in a. 
'rind. _The triremes* went at 1 
them like modem guided mi*i 
siles and won." • 

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uaMd Coo 




Empty life of 
inhuman icon 

A t the height of his terror, 
Joseph Stalin arrangxl for 
soldiers to guard his moth- 
er. but the poor woman 
fainted at the sight of them, fearing 
that she, too, was about to be 
arrested on the orders of her son. 
Apocryphal, perhaps: but it is 
certainly true that Stalin impris- 
oned other members of his family. 
Still, they were the lucky ones. Most 
of his victims were executed; or 
were worked to death, or tortured, 
or left to starve. There is nothing 
more chilling than the image of 
Stalin checking each morning the 
lists of those about to die. 

So what do we have here? An 
“evil genius'* or a “great man**, both 
of which epithets have been em- 
ployed on innumerable occasions? 
Was be the indispensable creator of 
the modem Soviet state, or a 
■dictator who took advantage of 
Marxism to bunch his own private 
brand of tenor? Alex deJonge's new 
biography suggests all of these 
possibilities, without coming to any 
definitive or definite conclusion. 

But perhaps no conclusion is 
possible: certainly this must have 
been a most difficult book to write, 
and not just because there have 
been other biographers before him. 
who have covered the ground so 
thoroughly that theirs is the literary 
equivalent of a scorched earth 
policy. The point is that, even if it is 
true that the devil gets the best lines, 
it is by no means certain that he has 
the most interesting life; and, if you 
were to pick out one salient quality 
of Stalin from this book, it is fats 
coldness or remoteness. He was an 
“invisible man", as de Jonge puts it, 
but not just in a sense that he 
maintained an almost pharaonic 
aloofness; pan of him seems simply 
not to have been there at all. Evil is 
best diagnosed as absence or with- 
drawal; and there is in Stalin a 

Peter Ackroyd 
reviews the 
biography of 
Joe the Terrible 

By Alex de Jonge 

Collins. £1730 

curious emptiness, allied with an 
odd theatricality (this is characteris- 
tic of many “great" men). 

At least a psychological portrait 
would be possible, therefore, and dc 
Jonge's account of Stalin’s child- 
hood provides most of the necessary 
dues — diminutive stature; a de- 
formed foot; ugly: pock-marked; 
beaten by his drunken father, 
perhaps even illegitimate. Just as 
there is a theory that Hitler's 
political strategy was based upon an 
obsessive need to defend himself 
against the threat of extinction, so it 
might plausibly be claimed that 
Stalin's relentless pursuit of power 
was one way of ensuring that he 
would never be beaten or humiliat- 
ed again. In the childhood of Stalin, 
modem Russia was formed. 

But these are difficult areas; and, 
perhaps wisely, de Jonge has es- 
chewed them. What he has done 
here instead, is to place Stalin 
squarely in his cultural and political 
context If the greatest single omis- 
sion in this book is that de Jonge at 
no point gives any sign that he has 
tried to fed what it was like to be 
Stalin, its most important single 
virtue lies in hs presentation of ibe 
man as a fitting representative of 
Russian history and Russian cul- 
ture. De Jonge charts Stalin's rise 

from revolutionary and quondam 
criminal to Lenin's bureaucrat and 
then Lenin's successor but he never 
forgets that Stalin's role was to 
create a society realizing “the social 
and political lines of force that had 
been present in Russia for 
centuries." Sialin had an acute 
historical sense, and seems con- 
sciously to have placed himself in 
the tradition of Ivan the Terrible 
and Peter the Great. Bui he also 
understood the Russian people: if 

he was a tyrant, he was a popular 
one. and de Jonge sees Stalin's rule 
as “the logical culmination of the 
Russian political tradition.'* 
Whether it is the logical conclu- 
sion of Marxism is another matter, I 
suspect it is. and this paradoxically 
because Stalin's genius was for 
organization rather than for ideolo- 
gy. Or. rather, he identified Marxist 
ideology with the use of power, and 
so arranged for its first practical 
application. But his rule represented 

the apotheosis of Marxism in 
another sense also - he was able to 
destroy an entire generation who 
had known anything of pre-Stolinist 
Russia: but these millions went to 
their death behind the banner of a 
rigid Marxism that decreed that 
whatever Sialin did was. of necessi- 
ty. right. 

I n fact de Jonge is sometimes 
more interesting on the country 
than on its ruler. He explains, 
cogently, that, “The Soviet 
style of government is to be 
explained by the ambitions of a 
superpower obliged to rely on a 
people without a work ethic"; and 
he is very good at defining those 
qualities in the nation that Stalin 
was able to exploit: in particular 
“the timeless Russian sense of 
cultural inferiority and spiritual 
superiority", the nationalism, the 
anti-Semitism, and the innate in- 
stinct for gossip and denunciation. 
But there is another side to this: if 
there is one thing more odious than 
Russian Schadenfreude, it is the 
credulity of various Western ob- 
servers who (both then and now) 
bow down before the image of 
“Mother Russia" and her heroic 

So this book has solid virtues, 
but. in the end. it cannot be said to 
be altogether satisfactory. De Jonge 
is the biographer as raconteur this 
is not to say that he lacks scholar- 
ship but, rather, that he has decided 
to lend animation to otherwise 
familiar material by recounting 
journalistic “siones" and repealing 
a few jokes. This would be fine for a 
Reagan or even a Thatcher, but not 
for a Sialin. De Jonge is an urbane 
and witty interpreter: but he is 
dealing here with a phenomenon 
that is neither civilized nor particu- 
larly amusing. So, on occasions, he 
hits a false note. 

But the problem is larger than 
this: Stalin still radiates “a chilling 
and mythic presence'', as de Jonge 
puts it.’ He has become an icon, in 
other words; and conventional biog- 
raphy cannot really deal with such a 
transformation. Stalin has finally 
attained that fate which all his life 
he was pressing towards — be has 
become inhuman. But this may- 
mean that no appropriate “life" can 
now be written. 

The impression I got from 
reading this outstanding biog- 
raphy is that GJL Chesterton, 
extrovert and joyous drinking 
companion, was unhappy. His 
vast consumption of food 
drink, which turned him from 
a tall, slim youth into what 
Malcolm Moggeridge, when 
he met him in his last years, 
described as a balloon, is a 
well-known solace. He had 
amusing and lifelong friends 
like E.C. Bentley with whom 
he was at St Paul's, and 
Hilaire Belloc. They provided 
merriment necessary to bal- 
ance the inner sadness. 

His marriage to Frances 
Blogg was a disaster dressed 
up as a success. The romantic 
G.K. hoped for children and a 
complete family from his tiny 
wife five years older than he. 
During the six-day honey- 
moon on the Norfolk Broads 
be wrote to his parents, "i 
have a wife, a piece of string, a 
pencil, and a knife; what more 
can a man want on a 
honeymoon?" Sex was the 
answer, bnt he never got it. He 
was driven to pretending his 
marriage was happy by extol- 
ling it as a binding unity of 
habit and spirit. Frances was a 
good nanny, but she was a 
rotten wife. 

Poor G.K. was too confined 
by religious scruples to relieve 
his agony by having sex 
elsewhere, at least u Mr 
Ffinch is to be believed. There 
Is a picture m the book of an 
enchanting girl called Hilary 
Gray whom G.K. first met 
when she was 14. The friend- 
ship lasted for years, embel- 
lished on his side by letters, 
poems, drawings, and once a 
Sherlock Holmes detective 
story about (he mystery of 
Miss Gray crashing her 
father's motor car. I hope that 
Mr Ffinch is wrong, and that 
something did happen between 
the two, but I fear he may be 

it was Father Brown who 
converted G.K. to Roman Ca- 
tholicism to the distress of his 
wile. Father Brown was an 

The Case 
of the jolly 

Woodrow Wyatt 


By Michael Ffinch 

H'ridnrti’/d di Xuv/wk. ±76 

Irish priest from Yorkshire 
called O'Connor. Chesterton 
tramped over the bills with 
him talking and talking, until - 
it came to him that here was a * 
man who would make a perfect - 
model for a detective of morals 
as well as crime. 

“The trouble with the 
journalist", G.K. wrote, “is 
that he has to work as hard as 
a millionaire while be hates 
work as heartflj as a.mystic. It 
is a dangerous trade to be at 
once lazy and busy." 1 know 
the condition welL Chesterton, 
not np to being in the well- 
known family estate agent 
business, first studied at the 
Slade before concentrating on 
writing. Occasionally he was 
wildly off-beam. 

His curious comments that 
the Jews would never be 
assimilated into Britain, and 
his criticisms of their conduct, 
naturally brought the charge 
be was anti-Semitic. So he 
was. in a silly fashion, protest- 
ing that, while the Jews were a 
remarkable race, they had too - 
much power and would always * 
be aliens. He flirted with 
Fascism and admired Musso- 
lini. He though Germany a 
weak country and no danger to 
anyone. Bot some lapses most 
be forgiven a man bursting 
with kindness and pouring out 
much that was not only good 
but that will live. “The rolling 
English drunkard made the 
rolling English road": Ches- 
terton knew the road well and 
loved it and the drunkard. 


Cool Pym’s Number Seven 

If you feel like treating your- 
self to the latest novels 10 read 
on the beach, this, l fear is not 
the week to do it. On the 
whole, this is a dismal bunch. 
Can blurfr-writers be sued 
under the Trade Descriptions 
Act? Am I alone in failing to 
find The Baker Papers , a first 
novel by Edward Hawke, 
“wickedly comic?" I would, 
regretfully, call it mindlessly 
ponKupaphic. I looked hope- 
fully for the frivolity and fun 
promised in Missing Persons: 
the cool and elegant dust- 
jacket of David Cbok's latest 
offering was certainly enticing, 
as were the glowing comments 
about his earlier books. But all 
the cleverness I found was 
cruelly at the expense of the 
writer's own creations. He has 
a gimlet eye for the ugly and 
the grotesque, especially in old 
people; he clinically cata- 
logues evidence of physical 
and mental deterioration; and 
he is unkind about sex. Love 
seems to be beyond his ken; 
although only such an illogical 
emotion could logically have 
bound the repulsive Frank 
and Edith together for fifty 
years, David Cook does not 
approximate to tenderness. 
Like the heartless Hetty whose 
prurient curiosity starts the 
search for persons better left 
missing, David Cook “knows 
the tricks,” but this makes for 
uncomfortable reading. 

PJ. Kavanagh has taken 
one of the great themes of ou r 
time to make into a smalt 
novel; not just a slim volume, 
but one wife a disappointingly 
narrow emotional range as 
well. For a story of betrayal 
and vengeance it is strangely 


Isabel Raphael 

By Edward Hawke 

Seeker & Warburg. £9.95 


By David Cook 

Alison Pres$/Sedter& War- 
burg. £9.95 

By PJ. Kavanagh 

John Colder. £9.95 

By Barbara Pym 

Macmillan. £9.95 

By Delacorta 

Viking, £9.95 

passionless. It neats of an 
Irish actor who has peripheral 
connections with the FRA and 
carelessly falls foul of them. 
Neither his acting roles nor his 
two marriages have taken 
Dougai Kerr far beneath the 
surface of relationships, and 
when he finds himself on the 
run even his fear seems half- 
hearted. Luckily for him. his 
pursuers are as inept as he, 
and the bumbling chase lacks 
tension, just as the interven- 
tion of Kerr's drunken but still 
glamorous film-star wife lacks 
conviction. It is hard on Kerr 
to be married to a sponge; but 
he has a sponge-like quality 
himself that makes it impossi- 
ble for other people to come to 

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grips with him. This highlights 
!he futility of the deaths he 
causes; it also disinclines one 
to believe in Kerr's gesture in 
leaving the easy avenues of 
success for a chance to learn 
about reality. Kavanagh is 
predictably strong on descrip- 
tion, surprisingly banal in 
dialogue. The absence of mag- 
netism and tension makes this 
a sad little tale, a postscript to 
life, not a chapter in it 
I approached Barbara 
Pym’s fast unpublished novel 
gingerly. If her formidable 
critical intelligence bad reject- 
ed this script, it would surely 
require a devotee to admire it; 
and I had found the Pym 
journals exceptionally de- 
pressing. On first reading An 
Academic Question seemed to 
confirm my fears; the mixture 
much as usual, with academ- 
ics instead of clergymen, but 
thin. Set in 1970. it does not 
have quite the cool formality 
and decorum that are so 
attractive in the post-war nov- 
els. Caroline Grimslone, wife 
of a redbrick university lectur- 
er, is on the fringe of the 
permissive society and uncer- 
tain how to cope with iL Not 
endowed with strong feelings, 
she is more at ease with the 
older generation, who are 
dotty but safe, than with her 
aggressive contemporaries 
until her husband's infidelity 
makes her realize how narrow 
her life has become. By the 
end she can think “how 
'ongoing' fife was,” and be “at 
the moment glad of it,” even 
though the immediate pros- 
pect hardly seems very pleas- 
ing and “later she might 
change her mind.” Taken over 
again, it is of course full of 
shrewd observation and hu- 
mour, and a gentle cattincss 
(Barbara Pym is distinctly 
catty rather than bitchy) 
which beautifully deflates aca- 
demic pretension and puis 
social trendiness in its place. 
Not vintage Pym. but a solid 
addition to the canon. 

And at last, one for the 
beach. I have not yet read 
Diva or Nana or Luna or Lola. 
but if they are as enjoyable as 
Vida the set should keep one 
amused all summer. 
Delacorta creates a world of 
pure fantasy (or is Los Angeles 
really peopled with teen-age 
tycoons who live in pyra- 
mids?) where his characters do 
exactly what they want, how- 
ever outrageous, with money 
flowing from a seemingly 
inexhaustible cornucopia of 
Californian bounty. Read 
Vida for pace, for surprise, for 
fun, and for admiration of a 
writer who can puli off such a 
splendid trick not once, it 
seems, but five times. 

When Allan Ahlberg and Col- 
in McNaughton published the 
first of their “Red Nose 
Readers” last autumn (Walker 
Books, eight titles at £1.95 
each), they were thinking of 
clowns rather than strong 
liquor. Intoxication of a sort 
can follow though, since chil- 
dren fortunate enough to en- 
counter this dotty rending 
scheme have been found bang- 
ing on the bookcase and 
shouting for more. 

The “more” can take differ- 
ent forms. Among new books 
in the same vein as "Red 
Nose” for instance there are 
simple play-books that you 
can lark about with such as the 
“Surprise Board Books” by 
Mathew Price and Jean 
Claverie (Cape. £1.95). Here, 
in a book like Happy Birth- 
day, you get vicarious present- 
opening: read the words on 
one side of the page and open 
the flap on the other to see 
who's bringing what 

On the other hand, “more” 
can lake you further — a fact 
readily perceived by the pub- 
lishers of “Red Nose”, who 
have begun to issue a follow- 
up series limply entitled “The 
Fun to Read Books” (Walker. 
eight titles at £2.95 each). 
These make a nod in the 
direction of didactic respect- 
ability, by having a reading 
consultant and “readability 

Red noses, teddies, vroom-vroom 
and heads with no bodies for fun 

levels”; but they haven't got in 
the way of free-running imagi- 
native ideas. The double- 
comedy act of words and 
pictures is what counts. 

Having, invidiously, to 
choose favourites from this 
excellent series I would name 
Sarah Hayes's This is the Bear 
from the simpler (yellow- 
back) group - a rhyming saga 
with echoes of “The House 
that Jack Built” about hunting 
for a lost teddy-bear in a 
rubbish-lip. merrily illustrated 
by Helen Craig. And from the 
slightly less simple (red-back) 
group I would choose Char- 
lotte Voake's Tom's Cat 
which is another hunt-ihe- 
animal story, with surprises as 
you turn each page and much 
mouthing of incantations, like 
“chatter-chauer” and 

The civilized business of 
putting stories first and read- 
ing levels second can also be 
seen in the “Cartwheels” se- 
ries, which rolled out at about 
the same time as '“Red Nose", 
but with rather less panache. 
Four new titles have now 
appeared (Hamish Hamilton, 
£2.95 each) — including an 


Brian Alderson 

unexpected excursion into 
modern midsummer magic by 
Rosemary Sutcliff — The 
Roundabout Horse, illustrated 
by Alan Marks. 

As with the Walker books, 
the publishers are using a 
series format to economize on 
production costs: and it's not 
easy to find many picture- 
books at the posher end of the 
market that offer equivalent 
satisfactions to these titles. 
The liveliest competition orig- 
inates in America, with Wil- 
liam Joyce's George Shrinks 
(Gotlancz. £5.95). which plays 
games with the idea of a small 
boy. three inches high, getting 
on with the day's chores; and 
Aliki's Jack and Jake (The 
Bodlcy Head, £5.25) about 
telling, or not-telling. the dif 
ference between twins. 

Some grading and levelling 
has been going on on behalf of 
older children too in Our Best 
Stories, edited by .Anne Wood 
and Ann Pilling (H odder & 

Stoughton , £5.95), but here the 
arbiters are the children them- 
selves. The book stems from a 
consumer survey conducted 
by ihe Federation of 
Children’s Book Groups, 
which oreanized the reading of 
loads or stories to loads of 
children, and then logged their 
reactions. These are fairly 
predictable (“I liked the bit 
with the heads with no bodies 
best" said one tot about 
Margaret Mahy’s “The Horri- 
ble Story'’).' but the exercise 
has produced some unexpect- 
ed finds, and is accompanied 
by a rather gormless list of 
what to read next. 

Now here are some partial- 
ly-graded and entirely untest- 
ed recommendations from 
among the season's new 
children’s novels. 

• The Boy and the Whale, by 
Katherine Schotes, illustrated 
by David Wong (Viking Kes- 
trel. £4.95). Semi -picture book 
from Australia about re- 
launching a beached pygmy 
whale. Closely observed, with 
a couple of nasty, but unneces- 
sary. trophy-hunters added, 
for superfluous drama. 

• The Not-Just-Anybody 
Family. by Betsy Byars ( The 
Bodlcy Head. £4.95 j. Mom is 
away rodeo-riding; Pap (i.c. 
grandpa) is gaoled for firing a 
shotgun in the high street: 
Junior is in hospital with both 
legs broken Ihe was experi- 
menting with manned flight 
from the old barn roof) — so 
it's up to Vcme and Maggie 
and the dog to sort things oul 

• The December Rose, by 
Leon Garfield [Viking Kestrel. 
£6 .95). Presumably manufac- 
tured from the television play 
about a climbing-boy who 
hears more up the chimney 
than he should have done, and 
escapes into the moils of 
Victorian Petit Guignol. 
What's nice about both Betsy 
Byars and Leon Garfield is the 
way they trust their readers to 
follow stories with interweav- 
ing plots. 

• The Silent Shore, by Ruth 
Elwin Harris {Julia .\iacRae. 
£7.95). First instalment in 
what may be the Little Wom- 
en of our tiroes — although 
here the gir/s are orphaned, 
and a much less sympathetic 
Marmie is played by the 
rector’s wife, whose sons are 
the (doomed) Little Men. The 
novel begins in 1910 and is 
told from the point of view of 
Sarah, the youngest daughter. 

Sunset and evening Tsar 






10-6 daily until 27 Aug 




Russia, in the old joke, pro- 
duces more history than it can 
consume locally — and this 
could be said of A Daughter of 
the A 'ability, an enormous 
novel, spanning the years 
from the heroine’s birth on the 
same day in 1697 as one of the 
Tsar’s daughters (and there- 
fore also called Tatyana! to 
exile in Paris in the 1920s. Her 
father grew up with the Tsar, 
served in the Army with him, 
but fell out of favour by 
marrying a beautiful Polish 
princess. The girl Tatyana is 
the only child of a doting 
father and a cold, unloving 
mother, a famous beauty, who 
dies giving birth to the much 
longed for son. Her father is 
inconsolable; his hair turns 
white; and die is sent off to 
Poland to be brought up by 
her mother's immensely grand 
Polish family. 

Before the war and the 
revolution tbat swept away 
the old world, the children 
spoke English, brought up by 
governesses in a feudal way of 
life that did not ignore the 
necessities of noblesse oblige. 
The young giri is ambitious, 
and wants to be a doctor — 
unheard of in her family. She 
is also desperately in love with 
her Polish cousin Stefan, old 
Etonian, and on the way to 
Oxford. What follows is 
dreadfully familiar, from his- 
tory — ihe war, the sudden 
descent into poverty and fear, 
the desperate schemes for 
escape threatened on every 
side, protected by the few 
remaining old servants, and 
the additional peril of being a 
close friend of the Royal 
family. A marriage of conve- 
nience (on her side) brings a 
new kind of family life in 
Paris, where she can work for 
her fellow Russians. The au- 
thor knows the background 
well - her father was a music 
tutor to the Tsar's nephews - 
but ibe earnest Tatyana with 
her thirst for knowledge lacks 
sparkle. It is the old servants, 
fee .nurse Nyanya, and 


Philippa Toomey 

By Natasha 

l ikmg. £10.95. 
Penguin, £3.95 

Feodor, the giant who disap- 
pears into the forest and is 
never seen again, who come to 
life on the pages. 

• The Salt Keepers, by Barba- 
ra WhitnelL (H odder & 
Stoughton. £10.95) is a histori- 
cal romance — set in Seven- 
teenth-Century Bermuda, 
where Dorcas Foley, an 18- 
year-old beauty, is expecting a 
child by her lover, the hand- 
some Kit Mallory. She has no 
doubt that he will marry her 
but handsome is as handsome 
does, and he leaves for En- 
gland without knowing of her 
peril. She is forcibly married 
off to Captain Zachariah 
Hard i man, a widower with 
two children. He is in the salt 
trade on the Grand Cay, a 
barren island on which life is a 
struggle. The marriage is an 
unexpected success - 
Hardiman is a good man, and 
willing to bring up Dorcas's 
son as his own. Some interest- 
ing period details. The irresist- 
ible Kit returns, of course, 
bringing havoc to all the lives 
he touches, but the story bowls 
along at a great rale. 

• Lady of Hay. by Barbara 
Erskine (Michael Joseph, 
£10.95) combines the Twenty 
eita and the Twelfth centunesi 
in the person ofJo Gifford, a 
journalist, who is hypnotized, 
and regresses back to being 
Matilda de Braose. wife to 
William, one of King Johns 
barons. Life in the Twelfth 
Century was hard and bru- 
tal - Barbara Erskine can 
tpake us feel the cold, smeH 

the filth, and experience some 
of the fear of the power of evil 
men. Her modem characters 
are far less believable. Matilda 
has a lover, and so does Jo: but 
arc they the same mao? King 
John is obsessed by her, and in 
the end. kills her. Will Jo be 
killed by the man who repre- 
sents King John in her life? 

The unfortunate young 
woman finds herself regress- 
ing without being hypnotized, 
falling into alarming trances at 
most awkward moments, and 
being unable, in the end. to tell 
t’other from which. The 
author’s story telling talent is 
undeniable; but I hope she will 
stick to the past in her next 

• Tbe Isle of Glass, by Judith 
Tare (Bantam Press, £8.95) is 
also set io the popular Twelfth 
Century, but this time we have 
Richard the Uonheart, great 
warrior, and fancier of pretty 
young men. .Alfred, though 
extraordinarily handsome, is a 
priest, a monk of Si Ruan, 
picked up as a foundling — 
but his origins are mysteri- 
ous. Why were three white 
owls protecting the sleeping 
child? How is II though he 
must be seventy, that he looks 
like a handsome young man? 
And does he have, horror on 
horrors, elf blood? Alfred 
knows feat he has more than 
human powers — he can read 
minds; he has healing powers: 
and the ability, he discovers 
when his Abbot sends him out 
into the world, to kill men and 
to charm women. 

Ii makes a very engaging 
first volume of a promised 
trilogy. Alfred has to prevent a 
devastating war. find Richard, 
and save himself and the 
lovelv Thea. also one of his 
own 'kind, from death at the 
stake for heresy and witch- 
craft. Thea spends a lot of the 
time as a large, wicked but 
beautiful white dog, .As we 
leave them, Alfred is off to 
Jerusalem to expiate a kill- 
ing - accompanied by a large 
white dog. 

Weliketf flft 
so muchthatwe; 
bought you one! : 

r jSb- 

. a book one turns to with constant pleasure, 
and which achieves the seemingly impossible 
task of being both lively and judicious at once. 

It is a hook with much style and little prejudice f 

TLS April 26 19S5 

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Freedom fight 

- The prime minister of the Ba- 
. " hamas. Sir Lynden Pindling, flew 

■ into London yesterday to prepare 
his contribution to this weekend's 

■ mi ni-summit on sanctions against, 
. ' South Africa. However, 1 shall not 
- be surprised if he makes no further 

■ den unciauons of apartheid, for his 
; * political opponents back at home 

are suggesting that his own poli- 
•’ cies leave something to be desired. 

According to the leading oppo- 
. / sition newspaper The Tridune ; Sir 
. Lynden ’s security forces have 
! . been imprisoning illegal Haitian 
and Jamaican immigrants, chil- 
. dren included, in a jail known as 
. Pindling's Dungeon. Such a record 
would sit ill on the shoulders of a 
Queen’s Pnvy Councillor. 


- It has not taken long for things to* 
, :gei nasty at the World Chess 

■ Championship. The International 
; Chess Federation (FIDE) yes- 
terday ordered commentators on 
the games not to criticize its 

• president, Florencio Campoma- 
nes, after England’s youthful 
1 grandmaster Nigel Short made a 
“light-hearted'’ comment about 
. Campomanes’ impartiality in the 
Karpov-Kasparov dash (last year 
_ he halted the series after Kasparov 
pulled back two games from a 
wilting Karpov). British Federa- 
tion official David Alderton en- 
. forced the gag on the grounds that 

■ the event was under FIDfTs 
auspices. British organizer Ray- 
mond Keene (and Times chess 
correspondent)tersely pointed out 
that The Times, and not FIDE, 
sponsors the commentaries. 

Point of best 

! If Ruddles thinks its £14.2 million 

• takeover by Grand Metropolitan 
will go through on the nod just 

• s because the Monopolies Commis- 
; i- sion is unlikely to be interested, it 
7 may have reckoned without the 
- Campaign for Real Ale. Camra 

plans to meet the brewery chair- 
man, Tony Ruddles, this Saturday 

- man, Tony Ruddles, this Saturday 
' . to ask what precise guarantee there 
• is that brewing of the famous 
Ruddles Country will remain at 
Langham, near Oakham. “This is 
absolutely essential to its con- 
ditioning and quality”, froths 
Camra’s regional organizer, Mark 
. Taylor, 


"The plan is to leap out of helicopters 

and shoot their way to the top* 

■Bumpy Riyadh 

_ The search for authenticity at the 
- Saudi Experience exhibition, 
which opened at Olympia this 
i- week, has not been without its 
problems. I am told the two 
camels hired from Chipperfield 
Circus were so unnerved by their 
first experience of real Saudi sand 
that they kicked it out right down 
to the English sand a layer below. 
Meanwhile, the falconers — from 
snooty Hawkes Conservancy in 
Hampshire — refused to don Arab 
robes and stuck incongrously to 
pluSrfours and wellies. 

Do we still need the Co 

While Home Office forensic ex- 
perts at Aldermaston investigate 
Sunday's “inexplicable” overturn- 

ing of a Range Rover and the 
police caravan it was towing, it 

police caravan it was towing, it 
; might be worth their while to 
consider three similar incidents 
; during the past six months. In the 

■ first on February 25, a police 
’ Range Rover and a trailer carrying 

a Ford Granada overturned on the 
~A5t3 in Staffordshire; according 
to Staffs police no cause was 

• found. Two months later, in 
; Bedfordshire, a 30-fooi-long mo- 

■ bile police incident room, towed 

by a Range Rover, ended up on its 

• side. This time. Land Rover UK 
investigators blamed incorrect 
tyre pressures on their vehicle and 

. 'wrong tyres on a poorly designed 
and incorrectly loaded caravan. 

! Meanwhile, Michdin confirms 
one of its trailers recently toppled 
over near Stoke while being pulled 
by a Range Rover. Far be it from 

• me to cast doubts on the efficacy 
of a vehicle which has been towing 

• horseboxes around the Home 
Counties for the past 16 years, but 

1 an explanation is .in order, either 
i from Land Rover or the police. 

High church 

A steady increase in demand for 
religious papers by prison inmates 
might have brought a contented 
- • glow to the feces orchurth leaders. 

but the reason. 1 fear, may be less 
; than innocent A former prisoner. 
John Richardson, maintains that 
newspapers such as The Church 
" Times and The Universe, with 
their aura of sanctity, are among 
the most reliable means of smug- 
gling drugs. Friends pul drugs 
between the pages, roll up the 
papers and post them to a grateful 
inmate. Nothing, it appears, is 
sacred these days. PUS 

i * 

Each time discord threatens to 
overwhelm harmony, the 
Commonwealth feces a test of 
renewal Each time, so fer, it has 
passed the test and emerged 
stronger. That does not mean 
discord is a good thing, but it does 
suggest an inner strength on which 
the Commonwealth can count: a 
conviction that it matters enough 
to require all concerned to keep it 
secure by keeping it true to itself. 

To our member countries, the 
Commonwealth matters In dif- 
ferent ways. For some smaller but 
developed countries, like New 
Zealand, it is an irreplaceable 
point of contact with a cross- 
section of the world. For the 
Caribbean, it is an outreach to 
Africa and Asia - where most of 
their people have their roots -and 
to Britain and Canada, where 
many have newer links. 

To middle countries such as 
Australia and Canada the 
Commonwealth is a facility that 
not only underlines important ties 
with the past but enhances their 
I outward-looking role in the world. 
For Africa, in these formative 
years of nation-building and the 
struggle against dominion and 
racism, it has offered a multiracial 
forum and a tangible strength. For 
Asia, it has been a bridge from the 
past to the future. 

For small member states every- 
where — 26 with a population of 
less than a million — the 
Commonwealth provides the 
warmth of community in an often 
heartless world; and much prac- 
tical help. 

In a sense, the Commonwealth 
should matter most to Britain; for 
it was Britain’s liberal instincts 
and particular political genius that 
gave the Commonwealth to the 
world. But Britain's role as a 
major power sometimes blurs that 
acknowledgement The Common- 
wealth beyond Britain believes 
that the connection enlarges the 
mother country’s role and in- 
fluence in the world. Yet some in 
Britain lend to see the Common- 
wealth as "them”, not “us"; and 
sometimes as an irritant. 

Accentuating the positive, 
caring about it and counting the 
invisible benefits, are as necessary 
for Britain as for ah other mem- 
bers. But there are more tangible 

It must 
survive and 

grow, says 

The truth is that the Common- 
wealth has won the respect of the 
world community partly because 
of its capacity to face up to 
differences and to reconcile them. 

In a few days seven Common- 
wealth leaders will meet in Lon- 
don. They will consider how the 
Commonwealth must respond 
collectively to the situation in 
South Africa. If the Common- 
wealth itself is their compass, the 
report of the Eminent Persons 
Group trill be their guide. 

Much of the recent public 
debate has been carried on in 

factors that strengthen the 
Commonwealth's significance for 
Britain. Her volume of trade with 
the rest of the Commonwealth 
remains especially advantageous. 
While Britain's share of industrial 
countries* exports is only S per 
cent, her share of those exports to 
many developing Commonwealth 
countries exceeds 25 per cent In 
1985, Commonwealth countries 
as a group imported nearly 10 
times more from Britain than did, 
for example. South Africa. 

Beyond trade, nearly 40 percent 
of UK overseas investment is in 
the Commonwealth, nearly 20 per 

terms which imply a greater gap in 
policy than I believe exists. The 
choice was never between a “no- 
sanctions” policy on the one hand 
and “comprehensive” or 
"general” sanctions on the other. 
The Commonwealth (including 
Britain) and the rest of the world 
already apply a variety of sanc- 
tions, including economic sanc- 
tions, against South Africa. 

As events continue to confirm 
the conclusions the EPG reached, 
I have no doubt whatever that 
there will be agreement on still 
further measures, both in the 
Commonwealth and beyond it. It 
is a time, therefore, for the debate 
to shift to that middle ground 
which can be common ground. 
Far from crumbling in the face of 
difficulty (and giving joy to Pre- 
toria in the process), the 
Commonwealth can next week 

cent in developing countries — 
compared with o per cent in South 
Africa. Kenya, India, Bangladesh, 
Botswana and Brunei are all net 
lenders to the UK banking system. 
Were the Commonwealth to die, 
Britain’s relations with Africa, the 
Caribbean and the Pacific would 
of course continue: but, increas- 
ingly, within the framework of the 
Lom6 Convention and with Brus- 
sels as its focus. 

These are ail part of Common- 
wealth realities. They help to 
explain why the Commonwealth 
must matter to everyone; and why 
it should neither be taken for 
granted, nor heedlessly damaged 

It bears remembering, too, that 
for none of its member countries 
is the Commonwealth wholly 
without vexation — more often 
than not as a knock-on from 
bilateral quarrels. But a quarrel 
with one is not an occasion for 
disowning or disparaging the 
Commonwealth, still less for leav- 
ing it 

enlarge its potential for being 
effective against apartheid — ana 
emerge stronger. 

And, as it endures, the 
Commonwealth will not only help 
the cause of freedom in South 
Africa; it will wait to welcome a 
free South Africa back into its 
midst. One of the valuable 
contributions of the EPG is that 
the people of South Africa who 
stand against apartheid — black, 
brown. Coloured and white — 
understand that the Common- 
wealth is on their side and -will 
want to be a part of it again. We do 
well to remember this when we 
think about the future of South 
Africa — even those who think 
mainly in economic and strategic 

The author is secretary-general of 
the Commonwealth 

The threat by some members of 
the Commonwealth to' abandon 
their membership does not much 
worry the British electorate; the 
boycott of- the Edinburgh games 
excites only irritation and con- 
tempt The real worry has lain in 
the suggestion of any involvement 
by theQueen in the South African 
issue and the possibility of a 
domestic political crisis. 

For this reason, and because the 
whittling away of the Common- 
wealth by individual departures 
would bean untidy and humiliat- 
ing business for everyone, the time 
may have come to ask as dis- 
passionately as possible whether it 
should not rather be Britain itself 
that raises the question of the 
utility of the Commonwealth, and 
whether its dissolution wouid not 
be more in accord with British 
interests and Britain’s European 
and North Atlantic destinies. 

In any such debate; the histori- 
cal perspective is likely to reveal 
the rapid and total transformation 
which the Commonwealth has 
undergone since the Imperial Con- 
ference of 1926, when the first 
effort was made to formulate its 
t essentials. What .was attempted 
then was a formal recognition of 
the domestic selfgoverament and 
international personality of each 
of the dominions. It was declared 
that the "autonomous commu- 
nities within the British Empire” 
were "equal in status, in no way 
subordinate one to another in any 
aspect of their domestic or .ex- 
ternal affairs, though united by a 
common allegiance to the 

There were, of course, other 
aspects of the Commonwealth 
relationship which were assumed, 
though not formally spelled out; 
the two most important were a 
special relationship in the sphere 
of defence — which, at the time, 
meant participation in the mari- 
time Pax Britannica — which and 
an assumed common devotion to 
the practice and principles of 
parliamentary government In . 
each country the monarch or his 
representative would act upon the 
advice of ministers responsible to 
parliament; matters of common 
concent would be negotiated be- 
tween individual governments. , 

It was hoped that this flexible 

But Max 
Beloff asks 
if it is still 
of value 
to Britain 

Touchdown for the gridiron game 

As Wembley awaits 
Sunday’s match 
between the Bears 
and the Cowboys, 
Herb Greer charts 
. the growth of 
British interest in 
American football 

Sunnh KndU 

' M*' 

\ r* 

'C7> > - 

It is a curious habit of the British 
to embrace some bit of American 
popular culture and then be 
snooty about it, purely because it 
is so popular here: witness the fast- 
food chains and the Dallas genre 
of soap-operas. But American 
football seems to be reversing the 
usual process of importation fol- 
lowed by complaints about gross 

British ideas about American 
football have traditionally 
matched the supercilious concept 
of Americans as a race of simple- 
minded louts. Until the early 
Eighties it wouid have been bard 
to find a Briton who disagreed 
with American historian Jacques 
Barzun’s verdict on the sport it 
was, he said, "more like an 
emergency happening at a dis- 
tance than a game” In Britain the 
"so-called” football played by 
Yanks was seen as consisting of 
two 1 1-man squads of gargantuan 
boneheads bashing each other up 
and down a striped field called a 

This impression was derived 
partly from delicate American 
intellectuals such as Baizun, partly 
from cinema caricatures, and to 

Down the line: Chicago Bears players practise for the first American football league ma tch in Britain 
culiar alloy of physical combat and the Ravens are still the top of the Miami Dolphins. Raven 
and chess-like cunning which British team. captain John Aska is exuberan 

some extent from fragmentary 
information dating back to 1910, 
when visiting teams from Idaho 
and Vermont played the first 
American football game to be seen 
in England. 

In- those days it really was a 
contest of brute force, with the 
1905 season recording 18 deaths 
and 159 serious injuries. Today's 
teams are very big men, but they 
play a game which has come to 
depend less on muscle and more 
on a complex blend of imagina- 
tion, speed, ball-handling stall and 
coordination. And it is this pe- 

seems to appeal to British players 
and fens. 

Until about four years ago 
American football was a curiosity 
in Britain, the exclusive property 
of US service teams or small 
groups of American civilians who 
played "touch” or “flag” football, 
without helmets and heavy pad- 
ding. But after the Channel 4 
series on American football began 
to build a British following for the 

g me, a London contractor, Bob 
«, decided he would like to try 

He persuaded a friend at Capital 
Radio to broadcast an invitation 
to form a British team, and went 
to Hyde Park the following Sun- 
day, expecting 50 or 60 would-be 
players to turn up. In the event he 
was faced with a crowd of 400. 

Advice and coaching from 
American civilians and service 
teams helped to pare this mob 
down into the first British club to 
play American football in foil 
gear. They called themselves the 
London Ravens, and in July 1983 
they played their first proper game 
against an American side from 
Chicksands Air Base, losing by 
just one touchdown. It was a 
remarkable result for Brits who 
had picked up the game, literally 
from scratch, only a year before. 

Meanwhile the Channel 4 series 
has inspired the formation of 
clubs all over the country. At latest 
count there are almost 500 of 
them, organized into three 
leagues, the largest of which is 
sponsored by Anheuser-Busch, the 
American brewers of Budweiser 
beer. Increasing public support 
has also brought local company 
sponsorship for individual teams. 
Though the quality of play varies 
widely, the best games attract very 
respectable crowds: the Budweiser 
Bowl match at Crystal Palace on 
August 31 is expected to be an 
18,000 sell-out 

British players, who tended at 
first to approach American foot- 
ball as “a man's game”, found that 
macho enthusiasm was not 
enough. Lance Cone, American 
coach of the Ravens, admits to 
some problems with “eye-hand 
coordination” and ball handling 
for his players who, unlike Ameri- 
cans, have not grown up with the 
game. But he says that they 
continue to improve rapidly. 

The Ravens, like many other 
dubs, liaise with schools and run a 
youth programme of touch foot- 
ball. For the part-time adult 
players there are coaching sessions 
conducted by visiting American 
professionals such as Dan Marino 

of the Miami Dolphins. Ravens 
captain John Aska is exuberant 
about the ftiture of the sport here, 
predicting that the present leagues 
will eventually combine and com- 
pete with existing leagues in Italy, 
France, Germany ana Scandina- 
via. Once a new generation has 
grown up with the game, enough 
talent may emerge to form frill- 
time professional teams on the 
American model. 

The troubles of British football 
have helped to increase atten- 
dances the American game, which 
does not attract the yob-mob. 
British fans, once they have 
mastered the basics of American 
football, find it a relaxing and 
entertaining spectacle. The size of 
crowds here has begun to attract 
professional interest in the US; on 
Sunday the first National Football 
League game to be played in 
Britain, featuring the Chicago 
Bears and the Dallas Cowboys, 
will kick off at Wembley Stadium. 

So far there is no sign that this 
American invasion of the British 
sports scene has aroused any 
chauvinistic resentment. On the 
contrary, through the sympathy 
and fervour of its fans, American 
football may be help ing to repair 
the recent damage to the British 
popular image ofthe US. 

The author is an American play- 
wright living in Manchester ■ 

Tonight sees the return of the BBC 
television programme Body Mat- 
ters. in which Drs Graeme Gar- 
den, Alan Maryon-Davis and 
Gillian Rice set out to prove how 
exciting, if not dangerous, it is to 
have a body. To give you a 
foretaste of tonight’s medical cir- 
cus, I am privileged to bring you a 
transcript of a programme that 
was too exciting for even them to 
put out: 


(A TV studio. full of an apprehen- 
sive audience. There is a distant 
sound of machinery. Suddenly , a 
door opens in the studio wail and a 
racing car enters at !40mph. It 
crashes into the far wall, and 
Dr Maryon-Davis steps from it, 
completely unhurt.) 

Maryoo-Davis: , A top racing 
driver has a brain rather like a 
computer, dealing with a hundred 
messages a minute. They lei! him 
to slow down, to change his tyres 
and to display the sponsor’s 
message on his helmet Bat, above 
all, his brain tells him: “What am I 
doing in a crazy sport like motor 

Garden (descending by parachute): 
And there again, perhaps the brain 
is more like a telephone switch- 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

I think, therefore 
I’m on camera 

board, receiving up to 10,000 calls 
a minute. (A telephone rings. He 
picks it up.) I’m sorry, but all lines 
to Gillian Rice’s brain are en- 
gaged. Please try later. 

Rice: That's because, however 
clever our brains are, we can only 
do one tbing at a time. And one 
person who knows a lot about 
brainpower is AJ. Ayer. (She 
moves over to Professor Ayer.) 
Professor, I wonder if you realize 
that your name is Spanish for 

Ayer: No, I had no idea. (T remen- 
dous applause.) 

Maryon-Davis: So you see, even 
the best brain' in the world is no 
use if it is wrongly programmed. 
(He jumps out ofthe window.) 
Garden: Thank you, Alan. Sci- 
entists now think that after mil- 
lions of years of evolution, the 
brain] has found its ultimate 

function: playing Trivial Pursuit. 
(Several elephants enter and do the 
Charleston. Cut to Maryon-Davis. 
holding a large plastic kulpture.) 
Maryon-Davis: Yes, this is what 
your brain would look like if you 
were 50 feet tall and had no skull 
But inside it's a quite different 
aory. (He opens a panel in the 
brain. Thunder, lightning and a 
brief shower of rain emerge.) 
That's what we call a brainstorm. 
Rice: And there again, perhaps the 
brain is more like a very large 
public library. Some of it is in use; 
but most of it is either misfiled or 
overdue. Sir Gaud Jacks, you are 
director ofthe British Library, are 
you not? 

Jacks: Yes. that is correct 
(Overwhelming applause. Cut to a 
huge statue of Maryon-Davis.) 
Garden: Thjs is what Alan 

Maryon-Davis looks like from 
outside, but inside it’s quite a 
different story. (He opens the 
statue and Gillian Rice steps out, 
holding a bag of microchips. She 
sprinkles sou and vinegar over 

Rice: Delirious! But we now know 
that although the human brain is 
perhaps the most sophisticated 
part of the human body, it is only 
capable of absorbing one feet from 
every television programme. 
Garden (speaking underwater): 
Amazing, isn't it? This means that 
although you have been listening 
to us for the past half-hour, your 
brain probably hasn't registered a 
single thing. 

Maryon-Davis: (Arriving in a 
space capsule, which bums up on 
re-entry) So here’s one thing we 
definitely do want you to remem- 
ber, and that’s that we'll be back 
next week to tell you all about 
tennis elbow. 

Rice: And we’ll have John 
McEnroe, Ivan Lendl and a large 
model of part of John Lloyd! 
Garden: So. till then, it’s goodbye ; 
from our brains, without which 
this programme could never have 

Rtau Or something like thaL 
Maryoo-Davis: We think. 

formula could also serve in other 
pans . of the empire a$ they 
achieved dominion status, and 
that the same general imderstand- 
■ fogs would prevail.'. This was still 
true of British perceptions of the 
Commonwealth as recently as the 
negotiations leading to Indian 
independence in 1947. 

One way of describing wbat has 
happened in the past 40 years is to 
say that successive British govern- 
ments have been so determined to 
keep the Commonwealth in exis- 
tence — the -adjective “British” 
disappeared after 1949 —and to 
ensure maximum membership, 
that they have been prepared to 
sacrifice all the elements that went 
to make up' the Commonwealth 
relationship in its classical form. 

Yet at the same time they have 
used a vocabulary which conceals 
much of wbat has been happening, 
thus giving ~ added bargaining 
power to other Commonweal lb 
governments through appeals to a 
sentiment that is itself i'rrdevant 
to the contemporary situation. . 

The diminishing power of Brit- 
ain obviously made it impossible 
for the Commonwealth to retain 
any important significance in the 
sphere of- defence. Nevertheless, 
the original idea of the Common- 
wealth would exclude the possibil- 
ity of member states becoming 
part of the so-called non-aligned 
movement which often takes po- 
sitions hostile *10 the interests of 
Britain and her allies. 

Even more striking is the total 
elimination of foe idea that 
Commonwealth, membership im- 
plies a commitment to par- 

liamentary government. Military 
'dictatorships, personal tyrannies 
and one-party states afl exist as 
equal partners in foe Comroon- 
-wealtft association. 

h is not only the unspoken 
assumptions of foe relationship 
that have been set aside; iris 
equally foe case with, foe wo 
formal constitutional - require- 
' ments originally set out- Smce 
India was allowed- to retain 
membership of the Common- 
wealth when it became a repuoK, 
allegiance to foe Crown has no 
longer been foe binding force that 
was ■ intended. . The Common- 
wealth now' contains as many 
republics as monarchies, not to 
mention those members which are 
••■monarchies but not of foe House 
of Windsor. 

Furthermore, while it remains 
the case that its member nations 
are “in no way subordinate to one 
another”, this has not prevented 
increasing assertions of tne-Ttgni . 
of Commonwealth countries to 
make demands of each other, 
notably of Britain, and w fortify 
these demands through political 
pressure. . - 

To many people; these demands 
have been most visible m foe 
sphere of “aid”, where govern- 
ments whose incompetence has 
.added to their genuine economic- 
problems see nothing incongruous; 
in agitating for greater contribu- 
tions from Britain while denounc- 
ing British policies. Yet British 
attempts to ^-persuade other 
Commonwealth countries to alter 
their foreign or domestic policies 
would undo ubtedly be resisted. 

To most people in this country; 

the role of Queen of England, with 
its historical roots and its vital ride 
in the constitution, is much more 
important than her role as Head of 
the Commonwealth.' There is no 
reason to doubt that the former 
office is as dear to foe monarch as 
it is to foe vast majority of her 
subjects. If the constitution ofthe - 
United Kingdom can be preserved 
only by winding up the Common- 
wealth, that is foe choice foal wiB 
be made. 

Lord Beloff is working on a study 
ofthe Empire and Commonwealth 
in this century :■ 

Ronald Butt 

The signs that 
point to 1988 

At the end. of this, paritamentary . TheHWl in pH prices had been 
recess, the government.- will j be . expected lo. bring more ad van- 
launched on- the run-up . to the Stages' thaw, disadvantages; with 
general election, whefodTrt . wishes Vcbeap^ ' M boosting industrial 
this or not Everythingtharhap- ‘"prodtamoh tobffett the efieets of 

this or not EverythinfiMarhap- * 
pens in politics will* bd interpreted 
in electoral terms, and the ques- 
tions Mrs Thatcher now has to 
face are how well-situated the 
government is to fight an election, 
and when that election should take 

Since foe unexpected is the ; 
staple of politics it is tempting to . 
keep open options on foe second 
point, but in all the circumstances 
in which the government .now - 
finds itself I doubt whether that 
would be wise. 

The government isnowbeset by 
misfortunes for which it cannot be 
blamed, as well as disasters of its 
own making. The Westland affair, 
the aftertaste of which was revived 
on the eve of foe recess by the 
report of the Commons Select 
Committee on defence, was. the 
most traumatic event in the latter 

category. With melodramatically 
quarrelling ministers, officials 
lacking a due sense of the chain of 
responsibility and theprime min- 
ister at foe centre of a political 
storm as events careered out of 
. control, .foe Westland episode was 
perhaps the single most important 
turning-point towards foe public's 
present opinion of the govern-. 

- But if foe more*- substantial 
problems of public life were 
improving, Westland would hot, 
in. the end, matter. Nor even 
I would the allegations that the 
Queen has been critical, not only 
of Mre Tbatcher's-policy on sanc- 
tions, but of her soda! attitudes as 
welL It is only possible io guess at 
foe kind of rash, unguarded, or 
pretentious words which alone can 
have made such a report possible. 

But it is inherently unconvinc- 
ing that the Queen, even if she 
held any such opinions,' would 
have wished them to be used as a 
political weapon. What matters 
most , now is that -this episode 
should not now be used by anyone 
to risk long-term damage to. the 

In the short term, however, the- 
damage is probably to 
Mrs Thatcher, though not because 
foe British people love the 
Commonwealth, with " its too 
many hectoring and arbitrary : 
governments, or admire foe in- ' 
mannered abuse unleashed by 
President Kaunda on Sir Geofrey 
Howe's peace mission, or thrill to 
Bishop Tutu’s Christian 
pronouncement that President 

”prodnracrht(roffeettiiee€feets of 
the gdvemmentfs-loss of oil rev- 
' enne/Bm foe disadvantages seem 
to be'emerging 1 in advance of the 

- benefit*-- and not simply through 

the impact on foe Exchequer's 
revenues and therefore .on the 
bpdgeLv . . 

Much more serious is the fell in 
exports, and m manufacturing 
outputas a result ofthe slowdown 
in world trade, inda<fing exports 
' to caHaroducing nations which 
have lost revenue /; • >. " ' 

The CBrslatestqtrazt^ly report 

- confirms the. fell in industrial 
-activity and indicates a. sharp 
decline in the utilization of busi- 

, ness caparityand in - employment = 
that will last until the end of this 
year at least. It is an international 
rather than a specifically British 
problem, but it promises HI for a 
1987 election campaign. It is no 
surprise that foe Chancellor of foe 
Exchequer, Nigel Lawson, was 
recently hinting at a 1988 election, 
and he: was .right 

' : AD this isseen by the Chancellor 
as a temporary pause -in growth. 
Tax cuts are stiU bis budget 
' objective. But the scope for them 
will be consfrained.bofo by lower 
oil revenues ~ and by competing 
pressures, for higher spending on 
schools and hospitals; ' which 
would be justified as such but is . 
made more difficult because local 
spending remains largely out of 
-control, land is' now more than 
ever in the grip oflocal authorities . 
inimical to this government. 

But even a tax-cutting budget 
will nor be enough. A; 1987 
election was . projected on -foe 
assumption that- this- autumn 
would be a boom period,' It will 
not be. • ;* 

In this situation the government ' 

would be unwise to set much store 
by their improvement rat the 
expense of Labour (which is, 
however, still -in -the -lead) in .foe • ■ 
latest Mori polL It may indicate 
dtat more . people agree with . ■ 
Mrs Thatcher oyer sanctions,' but 
one poll means irttle. • 

For all these reasons it would j 
make sense for the prime minister 
to decide during this recess that . 
the election should be in 198&, by 
which time economic activity - 
should have revived and foe 
government -win have had foe 
chance to recover public esteem 
more generally: Bat. if that is the . . 
decision it should be announced - 

Reagan ^ t0 “ hk V^aTil .- Notl “?8 ^be wcS 

rlamaotno m Kifrr TTiasaUa. Ik liUm TO 0VC tllC 

damaging to Mrs Thatcher is the 
alleged confirmation of foe now 
widespread Opinion that she is 
insensitive to dosed .hospital 
wards, deteriorating schools hnd 
rising unemployment 

The single-mindedness which 
was her asset during foe fight 
gaunst inflation or to recover foe 
rialklands or against foe Scareiil 
threat to democracy now seems 
like rigid inability to devise new 
policies for different problems. 
That is foe Tories’ basic difficulty, 
and now it is made much more 
dangerous by foe deterioration in 
the short-term economic outlook. 

The Treasury does not now 
doubt that the present slowdown 
in economic activity is set to 
continue for some months ... . 

than to give, the impression that 
foe government, intended a 1987 
etectioa and then, in foe manner • 
of James Caflaghao, lacked the - 
confidence to face it. 

If, however, it is to be 1988 foere * 

must be a justification other than -< 
tactics for the extra time. The * 
government needs programme V 
of^tion for two more years of this i; 
parliament,^ and never mind the '*■ 
manifesto for foe next Clearing 
the decks ° f water legislation may 
not .aaa verisimilitude- to a 1988- 
election, but it colild ehaUe tire' 
government to concentrate on »• • 
Poncing action on the * 

that matter most in people’s DwT .. 
j*5f} hcr fo bosphaETschools or 
locf government accouhtahthly 
and abuses. Mre Tbatcher has twp • * 
which to think * 

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Sir Geoffrey Howe’s prospects 
as the European Community's 
emissary, despatched to per- 
. suade Pretoria to change its 
ways, were always bleak. If 
President Botha had any inten- 
tion of releasing Nelson 
Maadefek it was unlikely that 
he would be seen to do so as a 
result of external pressure. The 
National Party Congress in 
August always seemed a more 
plausible occasion for so dra- 
matic a change in Pretoria’s 

But the public brosqaeness 
of his rejection of Mandela's 
release was ill-judged by any 
standard. It will make . it 
difficult for him to make that 
particular (and crucial) con- 
cession in future. If nothing 
else, normal political caution 
should have induced Mr Botha 
not to slam the door so firmly 
in Sir Geoffrey’s face. 

It is not only Pretoria which 
has miscalculated, however. 
By stressing the formula 
“diplomacy or sanctions”, the 
Government has ensured that 
the failure of Sir Geoffrey’s 
mission will almost certainly 
compel Ministers to acquiesce 
in some form of sanctions. Yet 
sanctions or “selective 
measures” are as perverse and 
fruitless today as they were 
before Sir Geoffrey embarked 
on his pilgrimage. 

How will they actually 
achieve their stated objective 
and bring an end to apartheid 
closer? No one has yet pre- 
sented an even remotely plau- 
sible explanation. 

One body of opinion, repre- 
sented by Mr David Steel, 
believes that they will (in some 
unspecified way) induce white 
South Africans to see the light 

and reject President Botha’s 
government. A harsher 
(though hardly more realistic) 
view js that sanctions will so 
impoverish the blacks that 
they wifl be driven to revolu- 
tion which, the armchair strat- 
egists comfortably assume, 
wifl succeed without major 
external assistance in the 
foreseeable future. Finally, 
there is the cynical argument 
that sanctions will have no real 
impact on Smith Africa at all — 
which doesn't matter since 
their real purpose is to dem- 
onstrate to the Common- 
wealth and to the ANC (whose 
takeover in South Africa is 
assumed to be unavoidable) 
that Britain and die West are 
on their side. 

These arguments ignore the 
facts. Mr Botha felt confident 
enough to pull the plug on Sir 
Geoffrey Howe's mission pre- 
cisely because the real prospect 
of sanctions is already uniting 
white South Africa. As whites 
are forced to examine the 
nightmare of sanctions realis- 
tically, they discover that they 
can live with h. Indeed, a sober 
analysis suggests that the 
South African economy — at 
present in the trough of the 
longest and deepest recession 
for fifty years - will almost 
certainly benefit from the hot- 
house effect sanctions will 

An economy which has been 
crippled by a net outflow of 
capital will now benefit from 
putting that capital to use in 
import replacement, .while 
even the best laid plans of the 
Commonwealth Secretariat 
and the US Congress will not 
prevent South African exports 
from reaching world markets. 

Nor — despite Dr David 
Owen’s blithe prescripiions — 
are there any sanctions known 
to man or the SDP so selective 
in their targets that they will 
hurt South African whiles 
while leaving the blacks un- 

And would even effective 
sanctions so impoverish black 
South Africans that they 
would fuel revolution and 
even guarantee its success? 
Revolution seldom marches 
on an empty stomach. If 
sanctions arc effective, their 
first victims will be black 
South Africans and the front 
line states. These will be forced 
either into even closer eco- 
nomic dependence on South 
Africa or to a bankruptcy from 
which the rest of the world will 
be asked to rescue them. The 
South African government, 
however, released by sanctions 
from having to worry about 
international censure, will be 
far less hesitant in deploying 
its resources of control and 

This gloomy prognosis not- 
withstanding, Mrs Thatcher 
may have little choice but to 
agree to some selective mea- 
sures. Political passions have 
taken over. If that is so, the 
Prime Minister should make it 
quite dear that she will not be 
swept along by the demand for 
ever more stringent sanctions 
— including the naval blockade 
mentioned by both Mr Heath 
and Mr Healey — when the 
first measures fail as they 
inevitably wifl. Those who 
believe that their cry for 
sanctions has been vindicated 
must look at the end of the 
journey before they take the 
first step. 


Last year the Prime Minister 
endorsed the Environment 
Minister Mr William 
Waldegrave as the man to give 
the Conservative Party a 
greener hue. Thus this year, in 
the wake of Chernobyl, it 
would be surprising if the 
Environment Department did 
not see political and bureau- 
cratic opportunity .in 
emphasizing the cost and dan- ' 
ger of energy generation by 
means of nuclear power, and 
hence the need for government 
vigilance to mitigate its pos- 
sible ill effects. 

Before his reshuffle, Mr 
Kenneth Baker demonstrated 
some nifty footwork on the 
question of low level nuclear 
waste disposal — at the ex- 
pense of coherence in govern- 
ment policy. And now. it 
appears, the Department is 
signalling that a judgement 
over the Central Electricity 
Generating Board’s planning 
application for a new reactor at 
SizeweJi should be deferred. 

Across Whitehall, the 
Department of Energy, the 
sponsor of both the CEGB and 
civil nuclear power, denies 
anything has changed. Why, 
only last month Mr Alastair 
Goodiad, the Minister for the 
nuclear industry, promised 
quick decisions on Sizewell, 
and his Secretary of State, Mr 
Peter Walker, declared the 
Government's great con- 
fidence in nuclear power 
generation now and for years 
to come. 

Reports of delays and defer- 
rals are, of course, anticipatory 
politicking. Sir Frank Layfield, 
an independent spirit, has yet 
to deliver his report It has 
already been much delayed, 
and might legitimately be de- 
layed again. Until it has been 
received, no ministerial de- 
cision can properly be taken. 
In the meantime, there is 
nothing wrong with some Min- 
isters playing the green card. 
Nor is there anything unusual 
in one department’s taking a 
stand antagonistic to another. 

Where the game becomes 
dangerous - to the 
Government’s reputation, 
public confidence and the 
future of energy supply — is at 
the point where the Govern- 
ment fails to provide machin- 
ery for resolving the 
differences between the 
department responsible for 
environmental protection and 
that sponsoring the CEGB. 

In the aftermath of the 
Westland affair it is reasonable 
to question the machinery for 
arbitrating such disputes. Yet 

— and here is the more 
important lesson of Westland 

— the mechanics are irrelevant 
if the Cabinet itself has not 
addressed the the broad strate- 
gic decision. It must make up 
its mind whether it wants the 
British nuclear industry to 
develop or not. 

Sizewell has, inescapably, 
become a measure of political 

commitment to that nuclear 
future. There are important 
arguments about choosing be- 
tween different reactor types, 
of course, but they are now 
subordinate to the question of 
whether construction will take 
place in Suffolk at all. 

Labour, for the sake of the 
Member of Parliament for 
Sellafield who happens to be 
the Opposition Environment 
spokesman, tried to fridge the 
wider issues but has now 
clearly promised not to ap- 
prove the CEGB’s plans. The 
Alliance parties have joined it 
And the Conservatives? For 
politicians of average venality, 
the temptation now is to make- 
sure that a decision on Sizewell 
is deferred. 

The reasons could be 
dressed up in suitable and not 
insincere language: the need to 
digest Sir Frank Layfield's 
voluminous dissertation, 
learning the lessons of 
Chernobyl, the complexity of 
it all, and so on. But it should 
also be remembered that the 
British people, however anx- 
ious about the pollution of the 
sheep fells by Russian fallout, 
have not yet turned against 
civil nuclear power in any 
electorally clear cut way. Their 
uncertainty should not be met 
by Ministerial vacillation. 
Occasional truculent speeches 
by the Secretary of State for 
Energy are not enough. A 
decision on Sizewell is needed, 


The selection of those judged 
to be great, good, sound and 
reasonably fit enough to serve 
on quangos. Royal Commis- 
sions. Committees of Inquiry 
and any other government- 
appointed bodies, _ is ever a 
mysterious and indefinable 
process — even to those 
practise it It tends to surface 
only when the discreet behind- 
the scenes workings go wrong 
and Whitehall wires are 
crossed. The Treasury veto on 
Mr John Kay, retiring director 
of the Institute of Fiscal Stud- 
ies, after he had been mfer- 
mally asked by a minister from 
another department to be a 
member of the Securities and 
Investment Board is a particu- 
larly unhappy example, it 
shows the Government ma- 
chine at its most defensive and 
club-like in a case where 
resentful political over-sen- 
sitivity has no place at ajj* 

The Securities and Invest- 
ment Board is the crucial body 

enforced.' As such it carries the 
main responsibility to show 
that self-regulation is tough 
enough to protect consumers 
and that a less flexible fully 
statutory system is un- 
necessary. This is no cosy 

Appointments to the board 
were put in tbe hands of the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry and the Bank of 
England precisely to give the 
public confidence that it would 
not become a City club. The 
partnership between the 
Department and the Bank 
emphasized that political 
appointments — perfectly jus- 
tiffed on some committees — 
were not appropriate here. 
And, to balance the board, a 
leaven of lay members was to 
be added to the majority of 
practising representatives of 
the financial services industry. 

Mr Michael Howard, the 
Department’s corporate and 
consumer affairs minister, in- 

ment Boara is me w — — -3. consumer anaus numsici, m- 
at the apex of the system 01 ^ tobecome one 0 f 

Supervised self-regulation ue- hese members of the 

^introduced for .the Xd ? m 
the current Financial Sennce 
Bill. It is financed ^ *e City 
but will have important satu 
toty powers delegated to it 

under *e Bill. K has to vet md 

approve the rules of the self 
regulating organizations se p 
for the different parte 

securities. industry jmd 

make sure they are property 

board. The Treasury now has 
its own City markets unit and 
although the Chancellor has 
no formal role to play, it 
appears that Mr Lawson inter- 
vened and Mr Paul Channon, 
the Trade Secretary, then de- 
cided not to appoint Mr Kay. 

There is nothing scan- 
dalously improper about the 

way this happened But the 
result makes nonsense of the 
intended role of the Depart- 
ment in making the appoint- 
ments. In the nature of things, 
it cannot be said with certainty 
why the Treasury objected 10 
Mr Kay. Tbe only obvious 
reason is that the detailed IFS 
criticisms of the tax and 
benefit systems, which have 
raised the level of public 
debate over the past few years, 
have considerably irritated the 
Treasury and in particular, 
the Inland Revenue. Mr Kay is 
the driving force behind the 
well-publicised work that has 
made the IFS a force to be 
reckoned with yet hard to 
dismiss on grounds of consis- 
tent political bias. 

Indeed the most obvious 
Whitehall objection to Mr Kay 
is that, at 37, he is too clever by 
half. The work and judgments 
of the IFS have little direct 
relevance to the SIB'S work. 
Indeed Mr Kay’s main direct 
interest in the City revolution 
is in running bis Oxford 
college’s share portfolio. Keen- 
ness of mind and the ability to 
see through complex technical 
issues are, however, just what 
the SIB needs from its lay 
members. It is a pity that 
Whitehall pique, exercised by 
keeping Mr Kay off the list of 
the great and good, will casu- 
ally deprive investors of these 


Taking sides on Press and Palace 

From Mr Roger Gray, QC 
Sir. One does not need 10 be a 
constitutional lawyer 10 appre- 
ciate the dangers inherent in Press 
suggestions that the Queen is at 
odds with her Prime Minister. 
Indeed, the potential erosion of 
the Queen’s position stares the 
ordinary British citizen in the face. 

It is important, therefore, to put 
this matter in perspective. I will 
assume that all the facts are as the 
Editor of The Sunday Times (July 
29) says they are. Given that Mr 
Michael Shea spoke and behaved 
as alleged, what was tbe duty of the 
Editor of The Sunday Tinted 

“Freedom of the Press" is a cry 
which goes up from Fleet Street or 
Wapping every time its judgment 
is queried. Responsibility is a 
wmxl rarely heard. This in spite of 
tbe feci that Baldwin many yean 
ago defeated the Press barons by 
his observation — “power without 
responsibility, the prerogative of 
Ibe harlot throughout tbe ages". 
But patriotism is the one thing 
that has checked the Press in its 
searcb for a story. It did at tbe time 
of the Abdication, when Lord 
Beaverbrook and others withheld 
the news of the King’s association 
with Mrs Simpson. It did during 
the war. when tbe country's 
existence was at stake. It Iras 
doubtless done so since in a 
variety of circumstances. 

What, then, was the justification 
for Mr Neil’s sowing discord 
where none should nave been 
sown? If Mr Shea behaved as 
badly as Mr NeiJ alleges, why did 
he not communicate at once with 
Sir William Heseltine, the Queen’s 
Private Secretary? I venture to 
think that that would have been 
the reaction of any responsible 
and knowledgeable private citizen 
who chanced to hear the same 
story. . 

In the light of our overall duty 
to the Monarch, three questions 
can be asked of Mr Ncifc 

1. Did he act honourably? 

2. Did he act responsibly? 

3. Did he act within the accepted 
tenets of the Press? 

I think the answer to each 
question is “No". 

Yours faithfully, 


Queen Elizabeth Building, 

Temple, EC4. 

July 29. 

From Mr K. H. Kavanagh 
Sir, There are two aspects of Sir 
William Heseltine's letter (July 
28) which arc unsatisfactory. To 
imply that because the Sovereign 
has not acted unconstitutionally 
in 34 years she could never do so is. 
at best a non-sequitur and at worst 
a nonsense. 

To suggest that an experienced 
Press Secretary could be caught 
out by journalists as to the 
Sovereign’s relationship with the 
elected head of government and 
need not reconsider his position is 

Yours faithfully. 


5 Byron Crescent, 


July 29. 

From Mr Ernest Mehew 
Sir, The “holier than thou” atti- 
tude running through the letter 
from the Editor of The Sunday 
Times and your own editorial in 
tbe adjoining column of today's 
issue really takes one’s breath 
away. 1 doubt if anyone seriously 
believes that if Sir William 
Heseltine had asked Mr Neil to 
suppress the articles about the 
Queen’s alleged views he would 
have done so. The only example 
he chooses to provide about the 
“checking" of the feature article 
with the Palace shows that the 

journalist “forgot” to make the 
desired correction. 

Mr Neil refers to his honest)- in 
being more specific about his 
“sources”: the journalist con- 
cerned is reported elsewhere in 
your paper as admitting that Mr 
Shea was the principal informant. 
By using the word “sources” and 
implying that they were at the 
highest level, Mr Neil was surely 
failing to apply his own rigorous 
standards of honesty. 

In your editorial you pontificate 
at length about the seriousness of 
the whole episode. You blame tbe 
Palace for its part in this “sorry 
affair” and you say that it would 
be “just” to sack Mr Shea. In other 
words, the Sunday Times version 
must be the tine one. But why 
should we necessarily believe 
journalists, however “experi- 
enced”, rather than distinguished 
public servants, who evidently 
continue to have the confidence of 
the Queen? Coukf you not bring 
yourself even to hint, in an 
editorial ranging over all the 
implications of tne affair, that the 
editor of your sister newspaper 
might bear some responsibility 
and might it not be equally “just" 
to sack Mr Freeman or Mr Neil? 

The Press of this counuy have 
been guilty of publishing untrue 
stories, silly speculation, bad taste 
and intrusion into the private life 
of the Royal Family. In my view 
The Sunday Times have been 
irresponsible in attempting to 
involve the Queen in politics. Bui 
at least spare us hypocrisy! 

Yours faithfully, 


6 Abercom Road. 

Stanmore, Middlesex. 

July 29. 

From Mr Maurice Ross 
Sir. In his letter yesterday Mr 
Andrew Neil states that “At no 
time has The Sunday Times 
inferred that her Majesty was 
party to or aware of any of the 
attitudes being attributed to her". 

Leaving aside the possible 
confusion between “inferred”/ 
“implied" and the fact that one 
cannot be party to an attitude (one 
has one or one hasn’t), how can 
this be reconciled with his later 
statement that “ . . .newspapers 
have always worked on the 
premiss that he (Mr Shea) speaks 
authoritatively about her"? 

Yours faithfully, 


18 Fiddway, 



July 30. 

From Mr G. H. C. Waters 
Sir, The reported action of the 
Queen's Press Secretary has cre- 
ated a very serious constitutional 
situation, trapping both her Maj- 
esty and the Prime Minister and 
inflicting damage which it will be 
difficult, perhaps impossible, to 
repair completely. 

The defence that it was not 
understood what use might be 
made of any indiscretions in 
conversations with The Sunday 
Times, or what interpretations, 
might possibly be put upon what 
was said, can only be regarded as 
an admission of naivete and 

On all counts it seems dear 
enough that the Press Secretary 
should resign forthwith. 

Yours etc, 


The Mullions, 




July 28. 

Those in peril 
on the sea 

From the Chief Executive of the 
Institution of Environmental 
Health Officers 

Sir. Your editorial (July 25) rightly 
draws attention to the foul state of 
many of this country’s coastal 
bathing waters. It was indeed 
Whitehall which set the arbitrary 
criteria of a head count to deter- 
mine tbe popularity of bathing 
beaches and thus “Eurobeaches" 
which have to comply with EEC 

Tbe minister would have us 
accept that the trend is encourag- 
ing and by the end of this century 
there will be no cause for concent. 
Sadly, tbe main point is missed. 

With increasing leisure time 
and the emphasis on “healthy" 
outdoor pursuits, more people are 
taking to the water, and not just 
immediately off the foreshore. 
Sailing, sail-boarding, diving, surf- 
ing and parascending are increas- 
ingly popular, yet falling in at the 
point of sewage discharge is not 

There can be no justification for 
continuing to pour millions of 
gallons of sewage into our coastal 
waters each year, even a mile off 
shore and in spite of the new 
technology of sewage disposal 
Our coastal waters are all compar- 
atively shallow and a natural asset, 
not for indiscriminate dumping of 
human and industrial waste but 
for our safe and healthy enjoy- 

Yours faithfully, 

A M. TANNER, Chief Executive, 
The Institution of Environmental 
Health Officers, 

Chadwick House, 

Rush worth Street, SEI. 

July 28. 

Redundant churches 

From the Reverend Canon G. A. C. 
Sir, In the continuing correspon- 
dence a relevant and often potent 
factor seems to have been over- 
looked. Once the redundancy 
order is formalised there may be a 
long period (amounting in one 
case in this diocese recently to 
several years) during which the 
future use of the building is 
debated. During this period the 
building has to be maintained and 
insured and expenses may be very 

This knowledge naturally dis- 
poses. even if subconsciously, the 
minds of those responsible to- 
wards the fiist possible solution, 
which may well be demolition. If 
these costs were able to be 
recouped where delay had been 
caused by objection it is likely that 
a more responsible attitude could 

This might be done, for in- 
stance, by the possibility of adding 
such costs to the ultimate valua- 
tion of the building or its ground 
or by malting the objectors, if 
unsuccessful, at least partly 

The knowledge that costs would 
be thus diminished would be very 
likely to lessen the likelihood of 
boards rushing towards the first 
possible solution. Amenity soci- 
eties might not like it, but it is at 
least arguable that their present 
ability to oppose schemes without 
any accompanying responsibility 
has considerable influence in a 
direction opposite to that in- 

Yours sincerely, 


1 7 Westacres Crescent, 

Newcastle upon Tyne, 

Tyne and Wear. 

July 26. 

Security and newspaper freedom The lost chords 

From Mr William Goodhan, QC 
Sir, The Social Democratic 
Lawyers’ Association* of whose 
executive committee I am a 
founder member, is profoundly 
concerned over the decision of the 
Court of Appeal on July 25 to 
confirm the injunction against 
The Guardian and The Observer in 
the Peter Wright memoirs case 
(Law Report, July 26). 

We have no doubt that the 
courts should protect confidential- 
ity between employer and em- 
ployee and, even more, national 
security. But the freedom of the 
Press is a right of fundamental 
importance in a free society. We 
do not believe that confidentiality 
is an adequate ground for restrain- 
ing a newspaper from publishing 
allegations which, if true, show 
that there has been gross miscon- 
duct by members of the Security 

It is all very well to say that the 
allegation should be referred to the 
Prime Minister, the DPP, or other 
persons in authority; but it is too 
often true (and Watergate is 
perhaps the prime example) that it 
is only the pressure of public 
opinion which forces a full en- 
quiry into allegations which those 
in authority would prefer to sweep 
under the carpet 
National security is, of course, 
another matter. We wonkl not 
condone publication of informa- 
tion such as the names of current 
members of tbe Security Service, 
which could damage their safety 
and effectiveness. Your report of 
the case indicates, however, that 
Mr Wright’s allegations do not fell 
into this category. 

Sir Robert Armstrong’s affida- 
vit relied on secondary damage to 
national security; he was not 
saying that Mr Wright was reveal- 
ing information which could be of 
use to an unfriendly foreign State. 
He said instead that further 
publication of Mr Wright’s allega- 
tions could lead to a loss of 
confidence in the British Security 
Service on the pan of security 
services of friendly stares and 
other organisations with which the 
Security Service has to deal. But 

Sir Robert would say that, 
wouldn't he? 

It is regrettable that the Court of 
Appeal was not prepared to treat 
this affidavit with a degree of 
scepticism, given that the allega- 
tions in question had already 
received wide publicity. 

No doubt this case will follow 
the other cases, such as the Sunday 
Times thalidomide case and the 
Harriet Harman case, where 
restrictive decisions of tbe English 
courts on press freedom have been 
taken to Strasbourg. We believe 
that this derision, like them, will 
be shown to be contrary to the 
European Convention on Humad 

Does this sorry procession have 
to continue? When will our courts 
recognise — as the American 
courts have long since done — the 
critical importance of freedom of 
the Press and freedom of informa- 

Yours faithfully, 


3 New Squre, 

Lincoln's Inn, WC2. 

July 28. 

Last exit to Clapham 

From Ms Margery Caygill 
Sir, 1 travel daily on the Clapham 
(Junction) omnibus (letters. July 
22, 25) and am happy to report 
that the reasonable man still 
flourishes. Being reasonable, he 
has moved downstairs away from 
the tobacco smoke and now 
includes the female of the species. 

I think the situation was 
summed up about four years ago 
by a conductor from Merton 
gar Rgg A lad with what we then 
called a ghetto blaster at full 
volume went to the upper deck. At 
subsequent stops the conductor 
greeted mounting passengers with 
the statement: “Disco upstairs and 
intellectual conversation 

Sir, 1 have the honour 10 remain 
your obedient servant, 


274 Durnsford Road. 

Wimbledon Farit, SWJ9. 

July 25. 

From Dr T. H. S. Bums 
Sir, Bernard Rose (July 25) draws 
attention to a foiling, in the 
Anglican Church, to appreciate 
the quality and value of the music 
which its organists provide. 

I went to a Friday organ recital 
in St Paul's Cathedral at lunch- 
time on June 20, to hear Jean-Paul 
Irabert, from Paris, play the 
superb instrument I was amazed 
to find that guides continued to 
take tourists round the building 
and the noise of their conversa- 
tion, coupled with all sons of 
other sounds, formed a horrible 
background to the recital. 

I was even more amazed, when I 
mentioned this, in a fetter to 
Christopher Deamley, the cathe- 
dral organist, 10 be told that “it is 
not always easy to get the right 
balance between tbe need to keep 
the cathedral open for visitors and 
at the same lime getting reason- 
able conditions ror the organ 
redial". . 

The organ recitals last just 30 
minutes, and Christopher 
Deamley is Chairman of the 
Friends of Cathedral Music! So 
what hope is there for music in the 
Anglican Church? 

Yours truly, 

T. H. S. BURNS, 

27 Riverbank Road. 


Isle of Man. 

July 25. 

Bitter fruit 

From Mr James H. Robertson 
Sir. We in North Angus and 
Meanis were delighted on learning 
that our home-grown strawberries 
were to be a part of the royal 
wedding feast 

My delight was considerably 
lessened on reading, in your issue 
following the wedding day. that 
the royal caterers had utilised our 
strawberries to make a Si George's 
Csms. Obviously we should have 
sent blaeberries. 

Yours faithfully. 


194 High Street, 

Montrose. Angus. 

July 25. 

JULY 31 1866 

The underlying cause of the Seven 
Weeks' War was Prussia's 
ambition to dominate the 
Germanic confederation, a concept 
opposed by Austria. Bavaria and 
other states. A dispute over 
Schleswig-Holstein became the 
pretext for the opening of 
hostilities on June IS. On July 3 
Austria was decisively beaten at 
Koniggratz (Sadowai, and an 
armistice declared on July 22; a 
peace treaty was signed in August. 
This article was complemented on 
the same day by one of equal 
length, about 4,000 words, on the 
Prussian army by Our Special 
Correspondent at Ebenthal 


(From Our Spccui Conejpondem.) 

Presburg, Hungary, July25 
... I must say that odious as are 
the contrivances of many military 
tailors all over the world, nothing 
can compare in ugliness with a 
forage cap worn by the Austrians. 
Those who remember a kind of 
night cap, turned up at the sides, 
with which the Guards at home 
were once afflicted — and may be, 
for all I can remember — can form 
an idea of what this article is by 
realizing an ill-made flabby imita- 
tion of it in blue cloth, with turned 
up flaps at the sides, and put on 
anyhow, for if a soldier can put on 
an article of dress the wrong way be 
will do so. And a prapos of that, I 
may relate a little anecdote of a 
captain of Austrian artillery in 
Italy. His battery was under a 
tremendous fire. At one gun there 
was only one man left to work. The 
captain went and helped him to 
serve the piece, and round alter 
round was discharged, till the 
officer suddenly, in an interval of 
loading, exclaimed. “Schmidt! how 
dare you have your shako on your 
head in a way contrary to 
regulation?" There I leave him and 
return to the Austrian Welsh wig 
with an anathema, for indepen- 
dently of its original sin of ugliness 
is superadded a frightful feature — 
a white bandage of linen round the 
bead and under the turned-up 
flaps, which leaves the top of the 
cap uncovered, so that the wearer 
looks as if he were wounded or just 
out of hospital. 

In spite of this and the gray 
overcoat the soldiers looked well, 
and swarmed in and out of the 
houses in which they were billeted 
in a quiet, contented way, as if they 
were with their quarters. 

Ail the suburbs were filled with 
them, and at every few hundred 
yards small parties of hone and 
foot escorting baggage or wagons, 
or busied about some of the duties 
which keep so many men in an 
army for ever employed in war 
time, came out from or went 
towards Vienna . . . Although I 
have used the word encampment, 
the Austrians carry no tents; when 
they ate not provided with shelter 
in bouses they sleep in their coats 
in fields. Staff officers in gold laced 
cocked hats with large waving 
green plumes, green tunics, gold 
laced and yellow sashes, passed 
along towards the review 
ground . . . About half past eight 
o’clock a pillar of dust which 
spread out over the plain, bore 
rapidly towards us from Unter Laa, 
and in the midst enveloped in an 
escort of generals, aides-de-camp, 
and staff officers, and splendidly 
mounted, rode, erect and well in his 
seat the Emperor Francis Joseph, 
an Imperial Hapsburg in stature, 
face, and bearing. He was dressed 
in a light blue tunic, with gold and 
white and red sash, a gold-laced 
cocked hat with a large waving 
green plume, and cavalry overalls; 
and, although those who know him 
best say he looks altered and is 
shockingly thin and worn, I only 
saw a man, dear-eyed, calm face, 
with a serious expression - an 
English-looking face with heavy 
light moustache and light whiskers 
— with a tall, slight figure, lithe and 
active. With him was his Imperial 
Highness Archduke Albrecht, his 
Imperial Highness (his son) 
Ludvig, the Crown Prince of Sax- 
ony. the Crown Prince of Hanover, 
and the officers in attendance on 
them, wititJheir escorts. It might 
well be called a “brilliant” staff, 
and the effect, as they all galloped 
down the line, the colours lowered, 
the troops saluting, the bands 
playing “God preserve the 
Emperor”, was one of those things 
to be seen and not described . . . 

A first for Britain? 

From the Leader of the London 
Borough of Harrow Council 
Sir, I am very concerned about the 
Government's dilatory altitude in 
its attempt to site the proposed 
European Trade Mark Office in 
London. If we are not to fail badly 
behind in the race to secure 
Britain’s first European Commu- 
nity agency, the Government 
must concentrate its support be- 
hind one London site in order to 
counter stiff European com- 
petition. Britain should not lose 
this opportunity to strengthen its 
role within the Community. 
Yours faithfully. 

London Borough of Harrow 

Civic Centre, 

Harrow. Middlesex. 

Time to ponder 

From Mr J. Calvin Evans 
Sir, When I was recently reading 
the fetters page aboard the morn- 
ing train, a gentleman leaned 
forward and said: “You know why 
the Times clock is at 4 JO don't 
you? It’s because it takes until the 
afternoon to read it". 

I concluded that he either 
preferred a newspaper of lesser 
substance or that he was proving 
that tabloid readers can tell the 

Yours truly, 


125 Rye Bank Road, 
























July 30: The Queen, Patron, this 
morning opened a new Home 
for the Civil Service Benevolent 
Fund in Dunbar. 

Having been received by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 

East Lothian (the Earl of 
Wemyss and March) and the 
Chairman of the Fund (Sir Brian 
Cubbon). The Queen unveiled a 
commemorative plaque and 
loured the Home escorted by the 
Matron (Mrs Margaret Brave). 

The Queen, accompanied by 
The Prince Edward, this after- 
noon visited the Common- 
wealth Games Press Centre and 
watched the Badminton event at 
the Mcadowbank Stadium. 

Her Majesty was received by 
the Chairman. Commonwealth 
Games Federation (Mr Peter 
Heady) and the Chairman. XIII 
Commonwealth Games (Scot- 
land) 1986 Ltd (Mr Robert 

The Secretary of State for 
Scotland (the Right Hon Mal- 
colm Rifkind. MP. Minister in 
Attendance). Lady Susan 
Hussey. Mr Kenneth Scou. Mr 
Michael Shea and Major Hugh 
Lindsay were in attendance. 

The "Queen, as Patron of the 
Commonwealth Games Federa- 
tion. and The Duke of Edin- 
burgh. President, this evening 
gave a Reception in the Garden 
of the Palace of Holyroodhouse 
for Officials and Competitors 
attending the X1H Common- 
wealth Games. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales. The Prince Edward and 
The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips were present. 

A detachment of The Queen's 
Bodyguard for Scotland, the 
Royal Company of Archers, was 
on duty. 

The High Constables of the 
Palace of Holyroodhouse were 
on duty. 

The Band of the 1st Battalion 
The Black Watch (Royal High- 
land Regiment) played selec- 
tions of music during the 

The Duke of Edinburgh ar- 
rived at Inverness Station in the 
Royal Train this morning. 

His Royal Highness, Colonel- 
in-Chicf. The Queen's Own 
Highlanders, subsequently vis- 
ited the 1st Battalion at Fort 
George. Inverness. 

The Duke of Edinburgh later 
travelled to Royal Air Force 
Tumhouse in an aircraft of The 
Queens Right 

Squadron Leader Timothy 
Finneron and Major Rowan 
Jackson. RM were in attend nee. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales arrived at Waverfey Sta- 
tion Edinburgh in the Royal 
Train this morning. 

Their Royal Highnesses sub- 
sequently attended the 
Commonwealth Games 'Swim- 
ming events at the Royal 
Commonwealth Pool and vis- 
ited the Commonwealth 
Games Headquarters. Canning 
House. Canning Street. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales then toured the 
Commonwealth Games Village 
and afterwards lunched infor- 
mally with Games competitors 
in the Dining Hall. 

Her Royal Highness later 
attended the Commonwealth 
Games Diving finals at the 
Royal Commonwealth PooL 

His Royal Highness. Royal 
Patron, the Abbeyfield Society, 
this afternoon attended a con- 
cert at the Signet Library. Edin- 
burgh. to celebrate the 
Edinburgh Abbeyfield Society's 
Silver Jubilee. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales later arrived at the Palace 
of Holyroodhouse. 

Their Royal Highnesses this 
evening attended the British 
film premiere of Hannah and 
Her Sisters in aid of the XIII 
Commonwealth Games Appeal 
Fund at the Odeon Cinema. 

Miss Anne Beckwith-Smith 
and Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson were in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, this morning attended 
the Open Session of the Sympo- 
sium on Sports Medicine and 
Sports Science at the Pfizer 
Foundation. Hill Square. Edin- 
burgh and afterwards was enter- 
tained at luncheon at the 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Principal of 
Edinburgh University {Dr J. H. 
Burnett) and the Dean of the 

Post Graduate Board for Medi- 
cine (Sir. James Fraser). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips this afternoon attended 
the Commonwealth Games 
Swimming events at the Royal 
Commonwealth Pool, where 
Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Chairman. 
Commonwealth Games Federa- 
tion (Mr K. W. Borthwick). 

By Command of The Queen, 
Lieutenant-General Sir John 
Richards (Marshal of the Dip- 
lomatic Corps) called upon His 
Excellency Dr Bernardo 
Ramirez at 76i Chester Square. 
SWl this moming in order to 
bid farewell to His Excellency 
upon relinquishing his appoint- 
ment as Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary from 
Colombia to Tbe Court of St 

By Command of The Queen, 
the "Viscount Long. Lord-in- 
Waiting, was at Heathrow Air- 
port. London, this afternoon 
upon the departure of the 
Governor-General of St Vincent 
and The Grenadines and Lady 
Eustace and bade farewell to 
their Excellencies on Her 
Majesty's behalf. 

July 30: The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon today 
visited Dorset and was received 
on arrival at Hum Airport by 
Her Majesty's Lord Lieutenant 
for Dorset (The Lord Digby). 

Her Royal Highness this after- 
noon opened the new Verwood 
Church of England First SchooL 

The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon later 
opened Fern down Community 
Centre and the new Library. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Right, was attended by 
Lady Aird. 

July 30: The Duke of Kent was 
called upon this evening by His 
Royal Highness Prince Salman 
bin' Abdul .Aziz. Governor of 

Miss Marina Ogilvy is 20 today. 
A service of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Hugh Elvet 
Francis. QC. will be held in 
Gray's Inn Chapel on Monday, 
October 20, 1986. at 4.45 pm. 

Birthdays today 

Sir George Allen. S4: Mrs 
Evonne Cawley. 35: Sir Tren- 
chard Cox. 81: Mr Brooke 
Crutchlcy. 79: Mr Norman Del 
Mar. 67; Professor Milton 
Friedman. 74; Mr Frank Giles. 
67; Mr R. Greenbury. 50; Mr 
Justice Him. 61: Mr Ralph 
Koliai. 62: Mr Justice 
McCullough. 55. Mr Peter Nich- 
ols. 59: Air Chief Marshal Sir 
Thomas Prickett. 73: Professor 
R. W. Steel. 71: Air Marshal Sir 
Alick Stevens. 88: Mr Peter 
Thomas. QC. MP, 66: Sir 
Geofroy Tory. 74. 


Mr Nicholas Fenn to be Ambas- 
sador to the Republic of Ireland, 
in succession to Sir Alan 

Mr Colin Mays to be High 
Commissioner to the Bahamas. 
Mr C. H. de Waal to be the First 
Parliamentary Counsel, in 
succession to Sir George Engle, 
QC. who retires at the end of the 

Earl Jellicoe to be Chairman of 
the East European Trade Coun- 
cil. in succession to Lord 
Shackleton. who has become 


Carlton Club 

The Bishop of London was the 
guest of honour at a luncheon 
given by the Political Commit- 
tee of the Carlton Club yes- 


The night sky in August 

By Our Astronomy 


Mercury is a moming star 
reaching greatest elongation 
(190) on the 1 Ith. when it will 
rise about an hour and a half 
before the Sun. magnitude near 
zero and brightening. 

Venus is a bright evening star 
reaching greatest elongation 
(460) on the 27th. but as it is 
moving south of the equator its 
altitude will be low and it will 
set no more than an hour after 
the Sun. Crescent Moon to the 
north of it on the 9th. 

Mars, now classed as an 
evening star, is observable until 
about midnight It will be 
stationary on the 12th and will 
then resume its easterly motion 
among the stars. Moon near it 
on the 1 6ih. 

Jupiter is a prominent object 
in the south-east and now on 
our map. Magnitude -2.8. Moon 
just east of it on the 21st. 

Saturn is still observable in 
the south-west in the early 
evening. Like Mara it will be 
stationary this month, on the 
7th. Moon not far from it on the 
13th. The rings are well open 
and owners of telescopes should 
lake the opportunity of studying 

Uranus is yet another planet 
to be stationary. on the 27th. 
Above the horizon until about 

Neptune will be setting about 
an hour after Uranus. 

The Moon: new. 5dl9h: first 
quarter. (3d02h; full. 19d(9h: 
last quarter. 27d09h. 

All five of the outer planets 
appear on our map this month. 
For several years now the four 
great planets, which move 
slowly, have been on the same 
side of the Sun and con- 
sequently not very far from each 
other in our sky. Hie faster 
moving Mars has not joined the 
party since July 1984. When it 
arrives again in September 1988 
Jupiter will have become mare 
separated from the others but all 
five will be above the horizon 
together for a short time. 

The Perse id meteor stream 
will be arrive for the first half of 
the month, with maximum 
expected on the night of 12- 
13th. The radiant is between 
Perseus and the top star (on our 
map) of Cassiopeia, and up to 
the 12th the Moon will have set 


TUp diagram shows to* brtgmer stars Dial will beaboy* IWIwmori tntrw Bd 
lude of London al 23h <1 Ij wn>at the beginning. 22ti OO trniJin UiemWdte. 

21 h <9 pm) al the end of die month, local mean ume. At Pt accs away fratnUw 

I he otserter is facing (Shown by the words 

■he zenith being at the centre. Greenwich Mean Time. Khown io. a aro iwrciffii as 
Limerwf Time and expressed in 2a -Hour notation. fcusM in acroropawing 
notes unless otherwise staled. 

by 22h: this shoal of objects, 
meteoroids, is not one clump 
giving a very short display, but 
is spread along the orbtL 

Furthermore, that orbit is 
parallel with that of the Earth, 
but with an opposite direction of 
traveh thus we are passing them 
for several weeks and expect to 
see meteors (shooting stars) of 
this source from July 23 to 
August 20- 

Meteors do not necessarily 
appear at the radiant itself but 
can be quite widely spread: their 
tracks produced backwards lead 
to the radian l There may also 
be an occasional sporadic me- 
teor with a track not leading to 
the radiant and not one of the 

As we are meeting the shower 
"head on” we can expect to see 
more meteors if we are at the 
■“■front" of the moving Earth, 
and this means that a watch 
after midnight is likely to be 
more rewarding than before iL 

When a meteoroid enters the 
atmosphere at 20 or more miles 
a second resistance to its motion 
heats it to incandescence and 
usually destruction; occa- 

sionally a survivor reaches tbe 
ground" as a meteorite. 

The overall view of the night 
sky is not very different from 
last month. The stars reach the 
same locations two hours ear- 
lier. but this is compensated a 
little by the earlier sunset and 
end of twilight. The main 
changes are that Leo will have 
set and perhaps Spica too: 
Pegasus in the east will be more 
prominent but Hercules will 
remain near zenith. 

The variable star Algol will 
become available again in the 
late evening. Its normal. mag- 
nitude erf - 2.2 will be fading by 
midnight of the 13th arid will 
have dropped to its minimum of 
3.4 at about 22h on the 16th. 

U is a revolvinghinary star of 
unequal components and mini- 
mum occurs when the brighter 
is eclipsed by the fainter. An 
other eclipsing variable star is 
Beta Lyrae. on our map verti- 
cally below Vega. In thiscase the 
variation is continuous over 1 3 
days, so it should be compared 
with its neighbours every night 
for a while, not at specified 
rimes like AlgoL 


RM Government 
Mr Timothy Renton. MP. was 
host at a dinner held last night at 
1 Carlton Gardens in honour of 
Prince Salman bin Abdul-Aziz, 
Governor of Riyadh. Saudi 

Alan Jay Lerner 

A thanksgiving celebration for 
the life of Alan Jay Lemer will 
be held at noon, on Monday. 
September 1. 1986. at the 
Actors' Church. Si Paul's. Bed- 
ford StreeL Covent Garden. 
London. WC2. A limited num- 
ber of reserved seats are avail- 
able on application to Mr 
Martin Tickner, 1 10 Mountjov 
House. Barbican. EC2Y 8 BP. 
Please enclose a stamped ad- 
dressed envelope. No tickets 
will be despatched before Tues- 
day. August 26. 

Latest wills 

Mr Gerald Harrison, of Swin- 
ton. Greater Manchester - 
Dustin Gee. the comedian and 
impersonator - left estate valued 
at £121.994 neL 

Forthcoming marriages 

MrRJ-I. Ramsbotham 
and Miss ELE. Coiman 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, youngest son 
of Major-General and Mrs Da- 
vid Ramsbotham. of HQ3 
Armoured Division, BFPO 106. 
and Emma, youngest daughter 
of Mr Timothy and Lady Mary 
Coiman. of Bixley Manor. Nor- 
wich. Norfolk. 

Mr CJ.H. Jolly 
and Dr SX West 

The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, elder son 
of the late Dr Hugh Jolly and 
Mrs Jolly, and Susan, twin 
daughter of the late Mr Douglas 
West and Mrs West 

Mr IJVL Loffhaoen 
and Mtss E.T. flower 

Mr S.P. Meyrick 
and Miss E-A. Jenkins 

The engagement is announced 
between hut Michael, eldest son 
of Win g Commander and Mrs 
D.A. Lofthagen, of Monmouth, 
and Elizabeth Teresa, younger 
daughter of the late Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sir Fordham Rower 
and of Lady Rower, of 
Ilmington. Warwickshire. 

The engagement is announced 
between Simon Phillip, son of 

Mr and Mrs Ronald H. Meyrick, 
of Fuengiroia, Spahu and Eliza- 
beth Anne, daughter of the tele 
Professor J. Dewt Jenkins and of 
Mrs Jenkins, of The Old Com 
Mill. Gilwem, GwenL 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a line + 15% VAT 

(minimum J lines) 

AnrmuiuvflKTils. authenticated by the 
name and permanent address of the 
sender. ira\ he sent la- 

P0 BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

or telephoned ih> telephone sutw- 
uherc unit) io: 01-481 3824 

^nnouncvnirnu can be received bv 
telephone between 4.00am and 
4. H 1pm Monda> in Fmjav. on Saiur- 
da\ lx- 1 wen K.iKktm and 12 noon. 
101-481 4889 Drift. Fur pu Mica I ion (he 
(ill towing da> phone 1.30pm. 

etc un ('nun and -Social Paw IS a floe 
♦ 1SX VAT. 

Court and Social Page announce- 
ment* can nut be accepted b> 
(eiephtinc. Enquiries to- 0I-8ZZ 9953 
(after lu..V*inii. i*r send io: 

t, Pwriiig f n Strutt, London El. 

Please allow al least 48 hours before 

Bmvd is tor man whom Ihou CMtmwI. 
D Lord, and imriml him out of Uur law. 
Puira 94: 12 


BACCO - On July 2716 al St- Mary's 
Manchester. Io Jan and Giuseppe, a 
daughter. Alicia Danielle Elizabeth. 
BAKES - On 29ih July. Io Pauline (nee 
Gray) and Nicholas, a daughter. Per- 
sephone Claire Brldgnan. 

BYRON - On 26(h July, to Robyn and 
Robin, a daughter Sophie Georgina, 
a sister for Caroline and Emily. 
COCKSEDGE - On 28th July, at 
Corbar Hall. Buxton, to Sally into 
Dickinson) and Simon, a son. Samuel 
Timothy, a brother Tor Matthew. 
DENNY - On July 29Ut. at 
Heatherwood Hospital. Ascot, to 
Junemary (nee Jameson) and Mark, 
a son. James William Leslie. 
DOOLAN - On July 1716. at Ports- 
mouth. to Julia (r>4e Littonj and 
Philip, a son. Timothy, a brother for 
Anthony and Jonathan. 

FENTON ■ On July 2016. io Diana (n*e 
Stevens t and John, a daughter. 
Lucinda Clan?. 

GREY On July 21sL io Frances-Jane 
and Francis, a daughter. Mary Rose. 

a sister for Telestora. 

HOWARD - on 29U1 July, to Fiona in*B 
Malcolm) and Colin, a daughter. Be- 
atrice Mary. 

JOHNSON (ota Cto tow rt lg ) - On July 
29th. to Jackie and Clive, a daughter. 
Laura al Princess Mary's R AT. Hos- 
pital. Kalian near Aylesbury. 
KITTOE - On July 26th. to Mary, wire 
of Stephen, a daughter. Rosalind 

LITTLE - On July 21sL Io Marlon (nee 
Thompson) and Alan, a daughter 
Fiona Janinc. 

MAYOU - To David and Charlotte (nfe 
Caryi. a son. Jack David Luke, on 
July 29lh ai the West London 
Hospital. Hammersmith. A brother 
tor George. 

NEWMAN - On 26th July. 1986. at 
Watford General Hospital, to Joanna 
<nee CasparO and Alan, a daughter, 
Stephanie Kale. 

PARKER - On 24 Hi July. 1986 10 
Aiieen tnee Kirwani and Richard, a 
son. Christopher Arthur William, a 
brother for Elizabeth. 

PEAL On 24th July, to Antonia (nee 
Ptcton-TurbervlIH and Charles, at Si. 
George's Hospital, a daughter. 
Alexandra Gillian. 

QUA1FE - On 18th July, to Susan tnee 
Maiiein and Julian, a daughter. 

RCMLIECH4 - On 25th July, to Charlotte 
tnee wrlnehi and Moseman. a son, 
Thomas Charles Mossman. a sister 
for Alice- 

SAVILLE - On 2«lh July, to Nkrola 
me*? wood) and Graham, a son. 
Andrew Eric Nlccotas. 

SICS WORTH - On July 20th. to Alex 
(nee Owem and George, a daughter. 
Laura Harriet Anne. 

WARD - On P7to July, al Queen 
Mary's. Roeharaplon. to Jane toee 
Pickles) and Justm. a daughter. 
Gemma Elizabeth. 

WOLLAM - On 29th July, to Linda and 
David, a son. Thomas Michael, 
brother lor Sarah. 

WRKMT - On 26th July, at the Undo 
wing, io Victoria and Charles, a son. 
Thomas Frederick Wealherley. a 
brother for Grace. 

WRHSLEY - On July 261h al Crumpsall 
Hospital. Io James Frederick and 
Tracy, a daughter. Holly Christina. 
YOttKE - On July 28th. al winchester. 
Io Susan (nee Litton) and Mark, a 
daughter. Jessie. 


BONGERS on June 19th 1986. by Paul 
and Margaret a son Matthew Rupert 
Huddleston, now aged 1 1 months, a 
brother (or Georgina. Alexandra and 


LANE : WHJXTT - The marrtage look 
place in London, on Saturday. 26th 
July. 1986 between Kenneth Hugo 
Lane and Catharine Amanda Willett. 



Celebration of their Ruby Wedding 
Anniversary. 31 sf July. Love and 
Best Wishes. Caroline and Vincent. 


ANTRQBUS - On 291 h July, peacefully 
in his 8816 year. Brigadier Philip 
Reginald Anirobus. CAE.. M.C~ 
D.L~ R.E.. Dearly loved husband of 
Esterel. Funeral Service at All Saints. 
Steep, on Monday, «th August at 12 
noon. Family flowers only. 
BARNETT. Richard David. C.B.E.. 
D.Litt.. F.B.A.. F5A.. formerly 
Keeper of Western Asiatic Antiqui- 
ties British Museum. Husband of 
Barbara, father of Celia. Colin and 
Robert. Peacefully on July 29th after 
a long illness. The Funeral has taken 
place. Prayers at his home at 8.00 
pm today. Any donations in Ms 
memory to: Special Trustees. Royal 
Free Hospital. NW3. May he rest in 

BAXTER - On 28) h July. 1966. peace- 
fully in hospital. Colin, a beloved 
husband and father. Funeral private. 

A Memorial Service win be 
announced later. 

BIRD ■ On 30th July. 1986. peacefully 
In Ms sleep at Seven oaks. u-Gra Sir 
Clarence Bird. K.C.I.E.. CB- D.S.O.. 
(late R.E.). aged lOl. Cremation 

BUSFfELO - On 29th July, peacefully 
at her home. Erica. Dearly loved 
wife of Peter and mother of Paul. 
Lynn and Julian. Memorial Service 
at S(. James' Parish Church. 
Gerrards Cross at 2.00 pm on Mon- 
day. 4th August. 

CHAU HOLER - On 29th July, at 
Midhunt. Juliet (Billie), youngest 
child of Henry and Constance Julia 
Chau ndler. Private cremation. 
CHRISTMAS - On 28th July. 1986. 
John (Jack) of Lower Burrow. 
Kingsbury. Eptecod. Somerset. 
Father of Janet. Maggie and John. 
Memorial Service at St. Andrew's 
Church. Curry Rive! on Monday. 4Ui 
August at 3.00 pm. after cremation. 
Family Dowers only. Entwines io 
Irish 4 Denman. South PeUwrton. 
tel. 0460 40348. 

CLARKE - On Saturday. 26lh July. 
1986. at St. John's Hospice. Lancas- 
ter. Edward Uster aged 79 years of 
The Orchard. Natland. Dearly loved 
husband of Gwyn and much loved 
father of Elizabeth and Alison. The 
Funeral Service look place at the 
Lancaster Crematorium on Wednes- 
day. 30th July. A Memorial Service 
will be held at Natland Church on 
Tuesday- Wh August at 12 noon. Do- 
nations 10 Ms memory are being 
made to si. John's Hospice. 

le BRUYWE - on 26th July. Mao' 
Elizabeth Hayward of Franklin. Mas- 
sachusetts. LLS.A- and SVorrlngton. 
Sussex. Widow of Henry Bernard 
Arthur ana mother of Jennifer. 
Hamel and Peter. Cremation 
private. No flowers or tellers please. 
Donations, if desired, to charity of 

GURNEY - On Monday 28th July al 
Charing Cross Hospital. Michael 
John aged 6a yearn of Stantonbuiy 
Park Farm. Dearly loved husband of 
Jane and beloved father of Caroline. 
Emma. Lucy and Henry. Funeral 
Service al St Peter and SI Paul 
Church. Newport PagneU on Tues- 
day August 5th at 2.30pm. Family 
flowers only. Donations If desired, 
for Kidney Research iChartng Cross 
Hospital) to H.W. Mason dr Son. 9 
High StreeL Newport Pagnell. Bucks. 

HOLT - On July 29th. peacefully at 
home. St o Word. Dearly loved hus- 
band of Jean and father of 
Christopher. Caroline and Patrick 
and grandfather of James. Funeral at 
St. Mary's Church. WarMeton. East 
Sussex at 11.30 am an Tuesday. 
August 5th. followed by cremation. 
Family flowers only. Donations to 
The Hofmewood House Sports Hall 
Appeal Fund. 

JESSOP - On the 27Ui July. 1986. 
peacefully al home. Jane aged 82 
years, widow of Captain H. Jessop. 
. loved mother of John. David and 
their families. Funeral Service al St 
Marlin's Church. Horn Street 
Fotkstone on Monday. 4th August at 
1 lam tallowed by Interment In the 
churchyard. Flowers to Ham brook & 
Johns Ltd. i Dover Rd. Foilustone. 

KWG On July 28th 1986. peacefully in 
Queen Alexandra Hospital. Cosham. 
Henry Alexander C.B.E.. DJSG-. 
Captain Royal Navy retired. Funeral 
Service win be held at AH Saints 
Church. Den mead. Portsmouth on 
Monday August 4th al 1.30pm. fol- 
lowed by cremation. Enquiries to J. 
Edwards A Son Funeral Directors. 
Waterloo vi lie. 0706 262194. 

IBACtUE - On July 29. 1986. Sven of 
Ballydugan House. Downpatrick. 
County Down. Darling husband of 
Simone and rather of Nicola. 
Michelle and Nathalie. Funeral Ser- 
vice In Down Parish Church. 
Downpatrick and burial at Down 
Cathedral on Saturday. August 2 at 
12.00 noon. No flowers please. 
Donations, ft desired, to Cancer Re- 
search. Down Cathedral Restoration 
Fund or The B.F.S.S. 

McCLEAN. Anne Winifred (Sailor) - 
Peacefully at home, on 28th July, 
aged 73. Requiem Mass at si. 
Osmund's Church. CasUenau. 
London SWl 3 al 11.00am on Satur- 
day. 2nd August- Flowers to T.H. 
Sanders. 35 Barnes High StreeL 
London SW'13. 

JMdKILLOP - Peacefully at home at 
Nettey Lodge. 3 Bishops Road. Inver- 
ness, Gertrude Elizabeth MrKillop 
(irie Wilson) on Tuesday. 29Ui July- 
1986. Dearly beloved wife or Donald 
A. C McKIUop and dear mother of 
Ian and the late AlWalr. Funeral 
Service on Friday. 1st August at 
11.00 am In Messrs, william t 
F raser A Son- Funeral Home. 
Culdulhel Road. Inverness where all 
friends are respectfully invited. 
Therealter. funeral private. Family 
Rowers only please and no letters. 

MURRAY LEE. Bunting, of 1 Eaton 
Souare. Wife of Peter, mother of 
Dale and Dudley Flshbum. (nee 
Stephenson, previously married to 
(he late Eskdate Ftshbum). aged 77 
on July 27th . Funeral on August dto. 

Enquiries 10 Peter Murray Lee. 235 

MCHOLLS. Brigadier Charles 
Raymond- C.B.E.. on July 30th In his 
steep Family funeral only. No now- 
ers. Donations to Animal Shelter 
(Dogs)- Cheiston- Guildford Road. 
Chobham. Surrey. 

PALMER - On July 28th in hospllaL 
Nicholas John. Beloved husband of 
Susan and devoted father of Emma. 
Tim and Robin. Funeral Service at 
Breakspear Crematorium. Rulsttp on 
Thursday. July 31st at 11.15 am. 
Family flowers only please but dona- 
tions to Charing Crass Hospital, c Jo 
Mr A.F. MelvUte. ‘Zennor'. 64 
Hanmsndswcvth Lane. 

Harmondsworth. West Cteayton. 
Middlesex UB7 OAA. 

SACHER. Michael Moses - Alter a 
short Illness, peacefully al home, on 
29th July. Beloved husband of 
Janice and father of John. Uza. 
Suste. Jeremy and Micky. Private 
funeral. Memorial Service to be 

SAV1DCE ■ On Saturday. July 26th. 
suddenly In Tunbridge Wells. Alan 
William Joseph Saikfge MA.. fBtrfc- 
beck). aged 83. Beloved husband of 
toe late Constance and of Joan Ab- 
bott. dear father of Mark and loving 
grandfather and step-father. One 
time Assistant Secretary of toe 
Church Commissioners. Thanksglv 
tog Service at Wadhuxxl Parish 
Church. Friday. August 1st at 
2.00pm Family Dowers only but 
donations. If desired, to The 
Chanty's Aid Foundation Fund. 48 
Pembvry Road. Tonbridge. Kent. 
SCHAEFER - On July 25JD. Prof. Glen 
W. Schaefer. Ph.D . F.R.EJ3.. 

F.R.MeLS. Funeral Service on 
Friday. August 1st ai 3.30 pm at Bed- 
ford Crematorium. Flowers io L.CJ. 
Arnold. 48 Rolf Avenue. Bedford. 
SHARPE On 29to July 1986. of 
‘Whiddon’ Menston. llkley. West 
Yorkshire. Norman Harold O.B.E. 
Dear brother of Donald and the late 
Bill. Funeral Service to be held al 
Mensfon Parish Church on Friday 
August 1st at Prior to cre- 
mation at Nab Wood Crematorium. 
Would friends please accept tots Invi- 
tation and meet al me church. 
Donations would be appreciated If 
sent to the Bradford Flower Fund 
Homes cjo The Bradford and 
Bingtey Building Society. 53 Market 
StreeL Bradford 1- No tetters please 
by reguesL 

SMITH. Anthony Hilton, aged 36 on 
28th July, peacefully at home 
Funeral to lake place on Friday. 1st 
August al Es&endon Church at 
2.00pm. All enaulries to J_J. Burgess 
* Sons. Hatfield 62122. 

TESTER On July 28th 1986. peaceful- 
ly at home in Bristol. Jim. late of 
Bristol University. Rea idem Mass ai 
Chiton Cathedral, Thursday. July 
31st 81 12 noon. Family flowers 
only. Donations IT desired for St. 
Peter's Hospice may be senl c/o R. 
Davies and Son. 381. Gloucester 
Road. HoritekL Bristol 7. 

TULL Anthony Parker - On 28Ui July, 
al home. Dearly loved husband of 
Diana and father of Jethro. Funeral 

TYLER • On 28th July due to a tragic 
accident. Sophie Jane aged 19. lov- 
ing daughter of Diana and John and 
sister of Louise and Ruth. The Funer- 
al Service win lake place on Tuesday 
Sth August at St PMer-s Church. 
Soutt) borough at 1 00pm followed 
by private cramaUen al Tunbridge 
wells. Flowers please to w 6 F 
Groom bridge. Tonbridge 363964. 
WOOD - On 28to July. 1986. peaceful- 
ly in hospital. Wynne. Beloved wife 
of Kingswy and mother of Alison and 
loving grandmother of Katte. Doug- 
las and Philippa. Funeral al SL John 
the Baptist Church. Keynsham on 
Monday, ath August at l .30 pm. fol- 
lowed by private cremation. Family 
flowers only please but donations. II 
desired, io the Arihrtus and Rheuma- 
tism Council. 41 Eagle Street. 
London WC1 4AR. 


SMALLWOOD. Elinor Katherine. A 
Memorial' Serv ice wifi be held at Si 
Helen's. Wheathampstead at 2.30 
pm on Thursday. August 7th- 

OWEN - On 28th 'July 1986. In SouUv 
end General Hospital. William aged 
80 years. Former Financial Journal- 
ist on The Times, which he served 
for 49 years. 


LANKSHCAR - Alfred, dearly loved 
husband of Bela*- father of Ken and 
brother of Vera and Cyril. Always to 
our thoughts. 

Mr R- Mint on-Tay lor 
and Miss C. Deller 

Mr SJ 3. Crisford 
and Miss KA. Gale 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, younger son of 
Mr P.S. Crisford and Mrs V. 
Summers, of Hove. Sussex, and 
Karen, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs W.E. Gate, of 
Lindfidd, Sussex. 

The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of Major 
R.H. Mi mon-Taylor, MBE,and 
Mrs Minton-Taylor. of East 
Hagboume. Oxfordshire, and 
Caroline, daughter of the (ate Dr 
PJ.R. Deller, OBE, and Mrs 
Patricia Deller. of Upton-upon- 
Sevem, Worcestershire. 

Mr P.T. Gregory 
and Miss B.M. Snrithard 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs A. Gregory, of Salibox 
Farm. Box. Chippenham, Wilt- 
shire. and Bridget, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs G.C. 
Smithard. of Beaver Lodge. 
Bind bam. West Sussex. 

Mr F.E.G. Peel 
and Miss PJL Evers bed 

Mr D.W. Howarth 
and Miss PJVl. Hodge 
The engagement is announced 
between Daniel, elder son of the 
late Mr and Mrs Martin 
Howarth. of Wisborough Green, 
and Tricia. eldest daughter of 
Canon and Mrs Michael Hodge, 
of Bid borough Rectory, Tun- 
bridge Wells. 

The engagement is announced 
between Francis, eldest son of 
the late Rev E.B. and Mrs Peel, 
of The Old Mill. Stratton 
Audley. Bicester. Oxfordshire, 
and Patricia, youngest daughter 
of Mr and Mrs J.P.C- Evershed, 
of Wallen. Clarach, Aberyst- 
wyth. Dyfed. 


Mr J.T. Donegal! 
and Miss V J. Northcote 

The marriage took place on 
Friday, Jufy 25. at St Mary's, 
Cadogan StreeL between Mr 
Justin Donegan. second son of 
Mr P.T.N. Donegan and Mrs 
Elizabeth Donegan, of 
Petworth. Sussex, and Miss 
Vanessa Northcote. twin daugh- 
ter of the late Mr Malcolm 
Northcote and of Mrs Moya 
Northcote. of Kensington. Mgr 
Anthony Stark officiated, as- 
sisted by Father Michael Rich- 
ards and Father Waller Drumm. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by Mr Brian Kil- 
patrick. was attended by Miss 
Sarah Donegan, Alice and Sam 
Wood and James Butler. Mr 
Christopher Davies was best 

A reception was held at the 
Basil Street Hotel. 
Knightsbridge. and the honey- 
moon is being spent in Bangkok 
and Fiji. 

Mr J. Walter 
sod Miss DJ. Parker 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July 26. at St 
Bartholomew's Church. 
Nettlebed. Oxfordshire, of Mr 
John Walter, only son of the late 
Mr John Walter of Lugano. 
Switzerland, and of Mrs Vladi- 
mir DaskalofE of Palma. Ma- 
jorca. and Miss Davina Jane 
Parker, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Charles Parker, of The 
White House. Nuffield. Oxford- 
shire. The Rev Brian Andrew 

The bride. - who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Natalie Mapeili 
Mozzi. Natasha Samuel. James 
Han and David Lebus. Count 
Alexander Mapeili Mozzi was 
best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will . be spent 

Dr R.D. Waldon 
and Miss A.V. Liguori 

The engagement is announced 
between Richard David eldest 
son of Mr and Mrs B. S. 
Waldon. of East Mdesey, Sur- 
rey. and Amalia Vittoria, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs U. Liguori, of 
Hiichin. Hertfordshire. 

Dr M.B. Wilkinson 
and Dr J.M. Wise 

The engagement is announced 
between Michael, only son of, 
Mr and Mrs Geoffrey Wil- 
kinson. of Famham Common, 
Buckinghamshire, and Jennifer, 
daughter of Dr and Mrs Ray- 
mond Wise, of Thames Ditton, 


No madness in the method “ 

MrpavldCoo^ .he ~ r 

iroversial advocate of and wra a d our foifow- 

of established psychjf^jjf ■ started iwo 

ory and pracuce. died sudden* He. ami La u«u 

Ivin Paris on July 29. He was 

55. ' . .. 

Bom in Cape Town m 1931. 
Cooper studied medicine in 
South Africa, graduating from 
the University of Cape Town. 
He then moved to London 

movements. Kingsley HaU 
and the Philadelphia Associa- 
tion. both of which aimed to 
set up therapeutic communt- 
lies- in .which patients* families, 
coidd participated 
Hctxl in. '‘ami-families”. 

Tit invn — _ 

where he held a senes of peopleleamedtoliyetogetner 
hospital posts and directed in a group of individual i rooms 
Villa 21. an experimental unit with their own eookin^- aiv 
for voung schizophrenics. ■ rahgemenis" and main taming: ; 

It' was while in London that their ■ own autonomy. Such ■■ 
he met Dr R. D. Laing, and ideas were.the:daiIy.bitad.of . 
together they led. a school of ihe '-underground**. By iheiF-. 
thought which flew in the face deliberate isolation -from the • : 
of orthodox psychiatry. _ . “strafehr world they tincferfiSr 

It was. Cooper who. in the tjmated ite. strength and u6- 
1960s. first described these ij e yed that the febric- df Tt 
views as **antiTpsychiatry n - bourgeois ^ society iws .bredlfr/. 
also sometimes called existen- j n g. down so fast that in a.; 
tial psychiatry - a label which decade, the world would be... 
Laing dism issed by the end of theirs. • . . 

the dearie. . _ the difficulty Of a>my- - 

Anti-psychiatry j^ected^tne - fi g society: was." tod , 

much for most^of Ae guncf 
followers. - - 

theory that- "madness" was a 
sickness which could be cate- 
gorized and treated. To diag- 
nose curious forms of 
behaviour as mental disorder 
was false. Cooper maintained; 
since such behaviour was 
nothing of the kind. It was. 
rather, a cry for help brought 
on by social pressures. 

The ‘madman" was merely 
asserting his autonomy 
against social restrictions.- If. 
for example, he became manic 
and spent non-existent sums 
in grandiose exercises, he was 
simplv protesting against Ihe 
capna’list ethic. Consistently 
with this view. Cooper was 

Cooper published a n iimbef 
of books: Reason arid l jo-; 
lence. which he wrote / with 

Laing: Ps\'cfi/atr\' and Ariti- 
Psyefiiatry. The Death of ike 

Family. The Grammar. ~qf 
Living? Th4 Lesson of ihe 
Scaffold: and The L0nguage qf 
Madness i He ' also ' edrtai 
Dialectic of plierai ^-' V 

•- In: The Language pf ticidn ■ 
ness.' Cooper expoun^^ the 
view that rpadnesgjs a state of 
supef-samty“andihai it Jis, ifte 
so-called sane who .are in fect 
mid. “There is only . perma- 

outspoken in his condenma- ’uept struggle- That, is ■ pur- 

tion of institutional 

The trend had its heyday 
during the 1960s with Coopef 
in the role of a self-created 

hope*".' the book begins.: -it 
do$esvriih die comforting him 
mot that “there is nothing to 
be~ .afraid : of..; Especially 
nothing". \ 


•■ A second success .was the. 
singer Gerry Borsey. who was 
living 1 ' in - a council flat ih 
Hammersmith when he met 
Mills. In the matter of a stage 
rarae Mills proceeded, in this 
case, from: .the simple to the 
exotic., not to ray preposter- 
ous. and the-new star emerged 
in the borrowed robes of the 
composer of Hansel and 
GrcrcL .:; ;■ '• ■ j -- v '■ 

A mfirt qf a g gressive promo- 
. . ; tional instihets . Mills . 

' fished for his proteges, an 

immense success, not only, at . 
hofrie. but in the difficult 

Mr Gordon Mills: the pp}> 
music manager whose bust' 
ness acumen propelled Tom - 
Jones aiid Engelbert Humper- 
dinck to fame; died in Los 
Angeles on July 29. He was 5 1. 

Like Tom Jones, perhaps 
his greatest promotional suc- 
cess. Mills himself 'came from - 
a Welsh valleys background 
He was born arul brought up 
in the Rhondda, where his 
father was a carpenter. 

Leaving school, at 15' he 
worked first as an apprentice 
motor mechanic, though be 
soon' got the sack. Further 
brief periods as. variously, 
factory worker, miner and bus 
conductor pointed to no obvi- 
ous aptitude for tbe career 
which was- subsequently - to.' 
create fortunes for himself and 

Next carne a period m the 
Army which he hated: piit. 
whictu he later confessed, 
taught 'him •‘self-discipline, 
personal hygiene and self- 
respect". - 

Base k in civilian Irfehe went 
to live in London with ideas of 
“doing something” in show 
business. He joined the Mor- 
ion Fraser Harmonica Gang' 
and later formed his own 
group. The Viscounts. 

But these beginnings gave 
no conspicuous impetus to his 
ambitions and he . tried his 
hand at songwriting. Here he 
was more successful, and one 
of- his songs. “I’ll Never Get 
Over You”, became a hii. - 
This put money in his 
pocket for the first time, and 
his search for an mvestnierit 
for it led him- back to home 
territory where he bad been 
told that a group called Tom- 
my Scon and the Senators, 
then playing the Merthyr 
Working Men’s Glib, was 
worth investigating. 

Convinced of Scott’s poten- 
tial. Mills signed him up.' He 
also made him revert to his 
real name, Tom Jones, which 
had homely. Welsh-sounding 
virtues on its side: 

.True. Jones's image, with its 
Presley-derived pelvic antics, 
seemed Tittle demode when 
set against the wilder shores of 
rock-and-rolL then gripping 
teenage audiences.. But Mills 
stuck io -his guns, and by the' 
rime of the smash hit. “The 

Green. Green Grass ' Of 
Home”, had established for 
his man a performing persona 
of wide appeaL * - “ 

/.Mills had himself written/ 
Jones's first hit . “It's Not 
Unusual” •- which gave the 
singer his first real break, in 
1964; v- 




j-.n. X 

I*** 2 


_■ .1 .. 

03 ' 

ise.'- ■' 
ss ?=;'■ 
eayk “ 





a? ecu; 

but in ' the 
maricei of ihe United States, 
where both established careers 
which would . have . .seemed 
incredible at the outset; - - 

Gilbert CTSufli^ van^ Was the 
third of Mills's successes, ^ but 
in this case the relationship 
between .mana^erand star was 
(ess harmonious. In J 9,81, the 
singer' woman action against 
Mills in the Higb Court fora 
fair share of tbe millions of 
pounds which his records had 
made 1 for Mills's company. 
Management Agency and Mu- 
sic (MAM): ' 

This retrospectively in- 
creased /O'Sullivan's income 
by something approaching 
tenfold over an eight-year 
period, and restored to him 
copyright of songs and master 
tapes. And though a judgment 
in the Appeal Court in 1984 
restored to MAM certain 
rights to payment for promo- 
tional workand management 
the case, typified a series of 
actions in which Singers and 
songwriters strove against 
their managers in" the courts, 
for : a greater share of the 
rewards of their labours. ■ 

Mills, who latterly divided 
his time between London and 
Los. Angeles;' was an active 
conservationist and at one 
time owned what- was reck- 
oned to be the largest private 
collection of Orang-utans in 
the world.' This was donated 
to San Dfego Zbo in 1984. -V 


2 !:•■*: 





fe ve] 

l b i 



tod so to I 
Antony S 


Science report 

When trees suffer from sunburn 

Too much son, a danger 
facing millions of ' holiday- 
makers, is a threat to which 
not only humans are exposed. 

Trees, too, can suffer from 

sunstroke or sunburn. 

These are the findings of Dr 
Yolker Nicolai, of Marbarg 
University, West Germany, 
after an extensive study of the 
structure and function of tree 

Having observed that some 
trees in a specific area were 
dying while others thrived, he 
decided to investigate whether 
that bad anything to do with 
the composition and quality of copper beech, 

their bark. Subsequent re- 

search proved that it had. 

By Andrew Wiseman " . ' 

cause this process was re- bark, others used rtas a transit 
peated every- year, the tree area between the ground and 
produce^ fewer and- smaller the tree's crown. Their behav- 
leayes, its vegetation period krar and lifestyle. affected ev-' 

was greatly reduced, and ul- 
timately the copper beech 

Oak reacted totally dif- 
ferently to sunlight The 
thicker bark protected the 
tree’s interior from 'excessive 
beat Because its bark was 
grooved, sunrays affected its 
“valleys’! for short periods 
only. Given the same amount 

*ry tree. jAgaiiu the 
characteristics of different 
.barks were: of~ significant 
unportasBce. •: -- 
A study of about 100 ar- 
tbropods, regular inhabita nts 
of tiee bark, showed that in the 
smooth , tranks of beech trees 
we type .tended.'to prbdomP 
Date. As the bark: of different 

l m* 

ft*;. S* ** 



S 3 c” ,: ; ■- h? ar 

-V 5 * 1 * a 

iji C ;l!" !' ? , k 


> =a 


c »• l.* . , , — t . — l T ees became more grooved, 

of sunlight, the oak bark was -the variety of spedes to- 
very -ranch cooler than that of creased, ' with- mites; spiias 

and insects predominating. . 
Birds confirmed these ffad.-- 

Birds trees -and poptors 
avoided over-heating because 

The dark bark of copper ■ their white bark could deflect 
beech, subjected to intensive almost all the sunshine. The 

logs. In mixed forests, wood- 

sunlight, absorbed: the trank 
warmed up and almost alLthe 
heat was transferred to the 
tree’s interior. Tbe outer lay- 
ers of the thin, smooth batik 
grew very hot and this was 
followed by the formation of 
embolisms^ The tree became 

As the dry bark cracked, 
water and nutrient* supplies to 
the tree were interrupted. Be- 

mountain maple formed layers 
of air between bark and trunk, 
which absorbed most of the 

apbut .-twlce as modi time 
feeding" off. the bark of oaks 
than of beeches^ - 
■ DrJNicoiaTs work, of value 



he^ protecting the tree itself. to ecoto^ and oMiserva- 
— *■ tomfetCh^aHoshowedniKii' 

Dr NicolaTs research afoo 
revealed that the bark played 
an important part 'in the 
relationship between tree and 
arthropods, such as spiders, 
mites, woodlke, .centipedes 
and a whole variety of insects. 
Some lived permanently in the 


fMchpiBito . parodux ou- ibe: 
eoggs of oie ev.dntionaiy 
cte' frees, tiiat protect . tffef- 

are' less able to defent thenn 
selves, -against. ' peats -which 
attack tiienL. ; 

of .k. 

Iga. I | 

mt i iivica lnUKauAi JuLx 31 1 986 








j on show 

' l '!h 


r ^ 

Wben OuioB F Dentes comes 
to make feus aeries on South 
America for Channel 4, he 
cobH do vorae than see how 
the gringos have tackled the 
HdyBd & Sweat of the Sun, 
Tern of .the Mom (BBC2). 
Last night’s earner through 
Argentina's rancorous, gbun- 
oroBS past — anatioo with its 
future . behind it, said Jade 
Pizzry. with me of his pleated 
smiles — was a triumph of 
coocettinaed history, captur- 
ing the rhythms, the self- 

deceptions and the lie of this 
e xft aot l fiaa ry land. 

In c a lling bis programme 
The Frustrated Colossus, Piz- 
zey fcarfcetf back to the time 
when, as the tenth richest 
country in the world, Argen- 
tina was exporting as much 
food is Australia and Canada. 
How did the colossus collapse, 
asked Pizzey? “How did you 
notice?** replied President 
..j. _ . .. . Alfonsin, with a glum, re- 

ana $ £ signed smile. 

v . ■ '■ He J^Sua^. J- Before the British arrived, 
aL B . Argentina was “a cattle 
pasture”. With the advent of 
Aberdeen Angus and wire 
fencing, it became “nrinoasly 
easy to get rich". One cattle 
tanm brought home a whole 
Paris broibel. But Argentina's 

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tronbtes lay in a nding dass 
which bad little sense of duty 
to those beneath it 
In bis sharp commentary 
Pizzey did wdl to pinpoint the 
malaise which resulted: the 
fondness for style, for mas- 
querade, for tango. “When we 
dance tango" a rich hostess 
told Pizzey, before dancing it 
with him, “we forget every- 
thing.** With Perdu, Argentina 
. found its ultimate tango- 
dancer. Its Mind faith in him 
‘ turned Peunrism— ameaning- 
S less political concoction — into 
a bottle of disappearing fade 
which the country used to 
scribble its wildest dreams: to 
be rich, to be powerful, to he 
European. “Things are bad", 
said Pizzey, telling an Ar- 
gentine joke. “Yet we're not as 
badly off as the rest of 
Europe." sV 
At . what then does this 

mercurial, ^passionate race ex- 
cel? “Faflme" replied me of 
Pizzey's victims, unfairly. But 
the programme ended with the 
gloomy prediction of another 
military coup once the demo- 
cratic fantasy had soured. A 
roup more violent even than 
'tiefore. ■:•.• . " n • 

In an uncomfortably sensa- 
tional edition, Where There's 
life (Yorkshire) dealt with the 
possibility of pregnant men. 
Among the studio audience 
was the so-called living proof: 
a New Zealand mother .and 
her daughter who had been 
bom.afier a hysterectomy. 
Taking an important issue, 
Miriam Stoppard reduced its 
implications to the level of a 
chatsfaow, with vox pops from 
the audience as to whether 
they ■ would or wonld not 
condone men having babies. 

“Sore l do, why not?" was 
the answer of an expert on 
whether he thought it a good 
, idea. As to its feasability, “We 
got on the inoon"- We never 
stayed there, however. 

. Nicholas 

Almost thirty years ago. Lin- 
coln Center was conceived by 
its philanthropic creators as 
the marble embodiment of 
American cultural maturity. 
In art. as in world affairs, a 
young nation would celebrate 
its coming of age. But one 
component in the complex, 
the hapless Vivian Beaumont 
Theater, has resembled more 
the awkward adolescent than 
the sophisticated adult. Its 
managements have talked 
back to their defers, made 
embarrassing political state- 
ments, consciously offended 
audiences and threatened to 
gut its interior. 

Now. a fifth team bas been 
brought in u> refurbish the 
Beaumont's reputation with- 
out putting a wrecking-ball 
through trie physical plant. 
This team also has a new 
name: it is simply the Lincoln 
Center Theater, promising 
neither rotating repertory nor 
permanent companies, taking 
care not even to allude to 
those notions. Such tact has its 
advantages, and has proved an 
excellent cover for injecting 
wit. whimsy and even neon 
lights into what has been New 
York's theatrical black bole. 

Much of the turmoil and 
disappointment over the last 
two decades can be traced to 
the unrealistic expectations 
which came easily in the 
golden Eisenhower years of 
prosperity and power. Ini- 
tially, the plan was to provide 
splendid new homes for two 
eminent musical institutions. 

New York’s Vivian Beaumont 
Theater, for too long the ugly 
duckling in the cultural pool 
of Lincoln Center, is enjoying 
a run of success at last: 
Saraleigh Carney reports 

Lighting up 
a black hole 

Enthusiastic popular and critical response: Julie Hagerty 
and John Mahoney in The House of Blue Lures 

the Metropolitan Opera and 
the New York Philharmonic. 

But. as a manifestation of 
American greatness, the scope 
of the thing soon swelled to 
include the New Yoric City 
Opera and Ballet, a branch of 
the public library and the 
Juilliard School. Believing 
that there was not a com- 
parable theatrical organiza- 
tion in existence, and with the 
incentive of a S3 million gift 
from the department-store 
heiress Vivian Beaumont Al- 
len. Lincoln Center decided to 

create one of its own. The cost, 
both fiscal and temporal, was 
wildly miscalculated 
The Beaumont's most re- 
cent troubles, including a dis- 
pute between its board of 
directors and its landlord 
Lincoln Center, Inc., devolved 
into a public brawl. It was 
resolved finally by recruiting 
the former New York City 
Mayor John V. Lindsay as 
board chairman, plus new 
board members, and paying 
off the contract of the be- 
leaguered executive director, 
Richmond Crinkley. 

There were a surprising 
number of hopefuls interested 
in the post, given the theatre's 
reputation for humbling those 
who worked in it. and the 
board eventually selected 
Gregory Mosher. As the artis- 
tic director of Chicago's 
Goodman Theater. Mosher 
had been responsible for the 
successful Broadway transfers 
of David Mamet's Pultizer 
Prize-winning Glengarry Glen 
Ross, also directed by Mosher, 
and David Rabe's Hurly-burly . 

Teamed with Mosher is 

Bernard Gersten as executive 
producer, for whom this office 
is a return engagement of 
sorts, as he was the associate 
producer of the New York 
Shakespeare Festival for 19 
vears, including its tenure at 
the Beaumont. Gregarious 
and affable, he is as plain- 
spoken and direct as Mosher is 
considered and cautious. 

A year after their appoint- 
ments, Mosher and Gersten 
have been successful beyond 
anyone's expectation. They 
brought in S.SOO subscribers 

and opened, as promised, an 
initial two-play season in the 
300-seat Mitzi E Newhouse 
Theater. David Mamet's Prai- 
rie de chien and The Shawl. 
which was followed by a 
revival of John Gua re's House 
of Blue Leaves. Earlier this 
year ihe thousand-seat Beau- 
mont. which was to reopen 
next season, first hosted the 

antics of the 

:rs, f« 


“juggling and cheap theatrics' 
and popcorn in the lobby. 
Pink and blue neon lights now 
direct audiences to Blue 

Lewes, which moved upstairs 
to enthusiastic critical and 
popular response. 

Asked why he chose the 
Mamet and Guare plays. 
Mosher observed that both 
writers have been important 
pans of his creative life: "it 
just seemed right . . . not 
‘best*, you understand, not 
‘perfect’, and not 'The Ans- 
wer'. It seemed like a good 
beginning." Nor does Mosher 
aspire, as have his prede- 
cessors. to establishing the 
American National Theatre at 
the Beaumont. "If you read 
what all those people did in 
the Federal Theatre of the 
1930s. it's very moving and 
exciting. That's'when you start 
to think maybe there should 
be some son of National 
Theatre, but it wouldn't be a 
beautiful building on the 
South Bank, it wouldn't be 
one company of 200 actors, 
and it wouldn't be one com- 
plex of three theatres." 

Mosher is optimistic about 
this administration's pros- 
pects. “Twenty-five years ago 
this city, and for that matter 
this country, wasn't quite sure 
w-hat the care and feeding of a 
not-for-profit theatre was. 
How much should we copy the 
British theatre, the French, the 
German? Today we have a 
better idea of how these things 
work, and I'm sure that any- 
thing that Bemie and 1 accom- 
plish will be because of being 
able to stand on other peoples' 

Annie Get Your 

My teenage sons never sing 
the songs they listen to. A low 
singalong factor is what I 
chiefly note in the sounds 
issuing from their chosen 
tapes. Perhaps 1 should have 
taken them to Irving Berlin's 
40-year-old marvel, reviewed 
by frving Wardle at its Chich- 
ester revival and now brought 
to town to give London audi- 
ences a dozen catchy tunes 
and lyrics to accompany them 
on the journey through life. 

The book is not likely to 
swell the chests of feminists 
with pride. Girl fells for man 
at first sight. Man ditto for girl 
more cautiously. Girl un- 
wisely beats man at man's 
own game, whereupon one of 
the neater lyrics foretells the 
consequence: “Men don’t buy 
pyjamas for pistol-packing 
mamasT. Girl has to choose second best to win a 
woman's true prize: the love 
of a man who can. fool himself 
he is better than she is. All 
very patriarchal no doubt, but 
in the context of the closing 
moments of the show Annie's 
exaggerated submission 
comes across as a further 
sprightly performance from a 
most appealing heroine. 

Hitherto known as a rock 
star, Suzi Quatro issued her 
first single 14 years ago and 
somehow manages to look no 
older than I S today. Fust seen 
with a troupe of moppets, 
rather too sweetly costumed in 
matching pinks and creams, 
the role requires her to be self- 
confident, naive and gauche. 
This winning combination 
cffeCTivelysugare anything un- 
feminine in the role, and Miss 
Quatro’s own confident sryle 
sweeps the simple plot for- 
ward from song to song and 



A schoolgirl’s dream of j 
Bader with the winning 

jamonn Eric Flynn as Frank 
»nzi Quatro as Annie Oakley 

from one pistol-packing dis- 
play to the next She points the 
wit in the lines and indicates 
rapture in the tongue-in-cheek 
manner required by David 
Gilmore's production. 

If we are totally unmoved 
by her situation — and cannot 
take to heart anything that 
happens — this is because the 
characters are cut out of 
cardboard. They fail to stir up 
even a theatrical passion. That 
said, however, the songs make 
one realize how poverty- 
stricken nearly every contem- 
porary musical has proved to 
be. They are mostly in quick 
tempo, with lyrics that make 
their points in couplets, yet 
Berlin can come up with a 
love-song as wistful as “They 
Say It’s Wonderful” or with 
the detailed visual imagery of 
“The Girl Thai I Many". 

Eric Flynn is tall, hand- 
some. mellow in voice and a 

schoolgirl's dream of glamour. 
There are pretty scenic effects 
and revolves that turn two- 
deck steamer into two-deck 
hotel and railroad train into 
New York ballroom. I should 
have liked a sharper version of 
“Moonshine Lullaby”, sung 
here so dreamily it was not 
until the second verse I re- 
alized the subject was illicit 
liquor. What was needed was 
something like the gentle 
send-up of a male-voice choir 
that backs “My Defences are 

In the idiotic Indian Sea 
ceremony the cavorting 
squaws resemble albino maid- 
ens doing something sexy for a 
tired Pharaoh. Otherwise, the 
show scores for being a cheer- 
ing evening in a tuneless 
world, with peak singalong 

Jeremy Kingston 

King’s Lynn Festival 

Bubbling talents 

George Benjamin 
St Nicholas’s Chapel 

The ever-amiable George 
Benjamin was using all his 
hats on Tuesday at the King’s 
Lynn Festival, appearing as 
lecturer, pianist, composer, 
conductor and cinema accom- 
panist. and still coming up 
bubbling. His music has, of 
course, the same engaging 
combination of high energy, 
enthusiasm, clarity of vision 
and innocence, all of which 
are represented in the Three 
Studies he played. 

The first of them is much 
the longest and most wide- 
ranging: a switchback journey, 
as he explained it, for the 
simple basic idea of an iambic 
rhythm. After this came his 
contribution to a musical 
symposium of memorials to 
Haydn, commissioned by the 
BBC, and one which he was 
hesitant to accept, he said, 
Haydn not being one of his 
favourite composers, although 
he liked the sound of the name 
musically transcribed as a G 
major chord with added A. 
This resonates throughout 
what is a study in drifting 
chords. ThefinaJe, “Relativity 
Rags", is altogether more 
snappy playing tricks of 
distortion on a rag of 
Benjamin's own. 

He was a persuasive, bril- 
liantly colourful advocate for 
his own music, although the 
solo piano medium points up 
the echoes of Messiaen much 
more than the orchestra does. 
The first study was virtually a 
rhapsody on disorientated 
Messiaen shapes and textures, 
and the same presence lin- 
gered behind the other two. 

along with the objective stare 
of Schoenberg's “Fatten" in 
the Haydn piece and a dash of 
recent Ligeti in the finale. 

Benjamin's offering as con- 
ductor was the British pre- 
miere of Boulez's Mcmoriale, 
a six-minute piece written last 
year as an epitaph for Law- 
rence Beauregard, flautist of 
the Ensemble fnierContem- 
porain. It thus adds to what is 
already a sizeable repertory of 
tombeaux by Boulez, and 
again is a departure, like 
Riiuel, from his Stravinsky 
memorial, . . . explosame - 
fixe . . . There is the same E 
flat tolling through the struc- 
ture. reached at the end of 
each of the half-dozen sections 
after a delicate cadence for the 
ensemble of solo flute with 
string sextet and two horns. 

The flute plays its melodies 
in song phrases, nervous trills 
and skittish dances, while the 
muted horns discreetly sup- 
port with sustained notes and 
the strings, playing with prac- 
tice mutes to make sounds 
suggesting fingers skimming 
over piano wires, add a finicky 

In structure and sound the 
piece has, therefore, links with 
Boulez's Messagesquisse for 
septet of cellos, and with the 
music for oboe, electric guitar 
and horn in his Domaines. 
There is the same fine beauty, 
the same entrapment- the 
hopelessness, perhaps, of a 
great artist who finds himself 
here in the role of jeweller. 
Philippa Davies, however, 
showed much more grace than 
despair in her solo playing, 
and the members of Diveni- 
memi responded neatly to 
Benjamin's fluid but precise 

Paul Griffiths 

Promenade Concert 


Albert Hall/Radio 3 

At first glance you might think 
that the London Sinfoniena's 
Promenade Concert was a bit 
of a patchwork occasion, mix- 
ing styles as diverse as 
Stravinsky, vintage 1920. and 
Stravinsky, vintage 1960. and 
adding pieces by Dallapiccola, 
Tippett and Henze for good 
measure. But actually there 
was a thread running through 
the brilliantly played pro- 
gramme. and that thread was 
I Laly. 

The connection was slightly 
tenuous perhaps in the case of 
Tippett’s Concerto for Or- 
chestra of 1962-63; after all its 
juxtapositions and super- 
impositions are several stages 
removed from the baroque 
concerto grosso principal, 
though they are very- much on 
the same track. And. even 
after two and a half decades, 
the piece strikes one as a 
curiosity. Every movement is 
left with a loose strand or two 
wafting in the air. and one 
senses the composer's mar- 
ginal discomfort at writing 
what was then experimental 
music without the hook of a 
definitive programme. Never- 
theless there are many ex- 
tremely beautiful things in iL 

Ihe Italian influence upon 
Hans Werner Henze’s Five 
Neapolitan Songs of 1956 is as 
clear from the sumptuous 
textures and lyrical vocal lines 
as it is from the tide. The 
anonymous 17th-century 
words themselves are of the 
kind which say profound 
things because of their naivety 
and modesty, and Henze is 
more than ready to throw in 
the odd folk-like rtiythmic 
osiinato in the bass-line in 
order to heighten the at- 
mosphere of gentle seduction. 

And so to Brisbane . . . and the closing excerpts from 
Antony Sher’s diary and sketch-book of the Royal 
Shakespeare Company’s recent Australian tour 

A last farewell to Richard 


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Monday- June 16: Until about ten 
years ago Brisbane was a country 
town and it still retains a strong 
rural fed as farmers with weath- 
ered feces and safari suits drive 
battered jeeps- among the sky- 
scrapers. Ironic to be arriving here 
now with South Africa so much in 
the news — much of Australian 
society bas reminded me of my 
birthplace. and Queensland is the 
most reactionary state of all: there 
are white lines dividing the pave- 
ments and pedestrians are expected 
always to keep to the left of these 
(no one does, of course); P ubl1 ^ 
demonstrations are banned and 
apparently you can be arrested to r 
wanting four abreast; and the 
Premier. Bielke-Peterson, made 
world headlines last . year whra he 
suggested that all gays should be 
placed in camps to prevent the 
spread of AIDS. But, again as in 
South Africa, there is the distract- 
ing. seductive power of sunshine 
it is warm and tropical despite 
being the middle of winter. How 
■ wonderful it is going to be relaxing 
by a poolside between perform- 

Tuesday June 17: It must be easier 

entering Soviet Russia than the 

stage door of the Lyric Theatre txt 
ihe new .Arts Complex: it is nm by 

uniformed security men rather 
than the eccentric old stage door 

keepers we all know and love, and 
you have to possess a lass, stpifor 
your key, and are curtly informed 

, that your visitors will not be 
allowed backstage uathout wnium 

ElSf ex- 

Darkie who. wnen i *«..« .. y « 
all right to leave my carj»r.kedjn 
the street outside. says^Noit^ 
mate, we’re trying to dean up tins 
area but there are still blacks 

around. Abbo’s — leave your car 
there if you warn, but by tonight 
it’ll be boomerangaloo!". 

The technical rehearsal is con- 
ducted very casually, everyone 
strolling through ft, in shorts and T- 
shirts. At one point 1 stop to 
complain about the acoustic, which 
is very odd and sounds as if an 
echo-mike has been left on, but the 
resident sound engineer assures me 
it won’t be as bad when the 
audience is in. Apparently while 
this was happening a man with a 
notebook approached one of the 
actors at the back of the stalls to 
offer advice on the matter he said 
he knew the theatre well since he 
was the city's leading critic! 
Flabbergasted that a critic should 
be observing us in this informal 
state, the actor came dashing 
backstage to alert us, the rehearsal 
was quickly stopped again, but the 
man had fled. It is wonderful to 
imagine Biflington or Wardle hang- 
ing round the back stalls in London 
theatres during technical rehearsals 
waiting for the chance to advise 
aernrs on how best to project their 

Wednesday June l& First night. 
The packed house is horrendously 
respectful and quiet except for the 
most unexpected noise — a baby 
crying. They bad wanted me that 
this isn't really a theatre city, but a 
babv at first night?.'. Mother and 
child are quickly turfed out and we 
continue in eerie silence. I become 
very depressed, but my dresser 
assures me that all visiting compa- 
nies find Queensland audiences 
very, very odd. At the end I get • 
quite a fright when the audience 
explode to their feet cheering, since 
by then 1 was fully convinced they 
were all asleep, dead, or gone. 

Saturday June 21: Woken by an 

overseas call. It’s Terry Hands 
fRSC Joint Artistic Director]. I 
struggle to collect my thoughts — 
it's rather like the opening scene of 
our production of Moli&rc when 
Bulgakov is woken by Stalin in the 
middle of the night for a conversa- 
tion about Life and Art. Terry 
explains that the RSC has failed to 
get the rights for Arturo Vi — Griff 
Rhys-Jones has secured them for a 
production in Leicester - but they 
are still keen to have Richard III 
return to the Barbican, and he asks 
whether there is any other play I’m 
hankering to do alongside it. I 
promise to let him know early next 

Sunday June 22 : Our Australian 
producer, Michael Edgley, has 
loaned me his beach house just 
south of Surfers Paradise on the 
Gold Coast The weatherboard 
house is beautiful and restful, 
framed by palm trees and standing 
right on the beach — ft reminds you 
of the kind of place where, in 
Hollywood movies, tortured writ- 
ers come to work their way through 
endless bottles of whisky and 
packets of cigarettes as they sit 
im potently by their typewriters 
staring at the surt I spend a 
wonderful weekend swimming in 
the warm Pacific and walking along 
the endless shore-line, many long 
hours lost in thought, the Walkman 
playing my new Mozart tapes 
which make me sing, smile, cry and 
dance, ieavinga trail of pale broises 
along the wet sand. 

Terry's phone-call has helped me 
crystallize my thoughts about the 
future: there is no way I can play 
Richard on stage again - I have 
done everything I can find to do 
wjih the role and now I am bored 
with_ it. Arturo VPs rise was 
irresistible. * but I am secretly 
relieved it has fallen through - at 

this moment in time I have also 
exhausted my appetite for those 
mammoth, punishing stage roles. A 
film would have been nice, but I 
heard the other day I've also lost 
Prick Up Your Ears — Fred Molina 
is playing the pan. There are clear 
signs that my immediate future lies 
in a different direction - I shall go 
back to England and do the new 
book for Chatto. 

Tuesday Jnne 24: Terry rings and I 
tell him my decision. He listens 
patiently, then says: “Fine, of 
course I understand completely, 
but may I just send you one 
script?". You can only laugh- 

Monday-Saturday Jane 30- July 

5: Determined to enjoy the last 
week, but I'm thoroughly defeated 
by the disappointment of our 
audiences suddenly dropping ter- 
ribly. Before each show I find 
myself peeking through the set in 
disbelief at the sight of the closed 
upper circle, the half-dozen people 
in the dress circle, the rows of 
empty stalls spotted with litue 

clumps of people, every cough and 
shuffle sounding magnified in the 
vast space. Can this really be the 
same show that had people queuing 
overnight at the Barbican? Luckily, 
in the very last few days, there is 
welcome comic relief with the 
unexpected arrival of a Channel 4 
film crew who are making a 
documentary about the RSC. Sud- 
denly there is a camera and 
microphone boom waiting puna 
every comer actors are filmed 
sightseeing on the river, putung 
their smalls into washing ma- 
chines, or. like me. very drunk at 
the farewell party during the 
presentation of our joke awards. 
The Dicks- Down-Under. 

Sunday July 6: Suddenly it’s all 
over, as if without warning - yet 
there were so many times when I 
was counting the days. The sense of 
unreality is increased by the film 
crew accompanying me in the taxi 
to the airport, the cameraman 
•hanging over the front seat saying 
“Now look out of the window, now 
rnmemnlaie Australia" and then 

asking me to board the aircraft 
again and again as they shoot from 
different angles. Wailing for take- 
off. sans film crew at last. I am free 
to “contemplate Australia” prop- 
erly- it is still hard to understand 
why we were not quite the sell-out 
success all had anticipated, except 
in Melbourne. Perhaps therein lies 
the answer. It seems clear to me 
that in Australia there are some 
cities hungry for theatre and others 
indifferent to iu and on that basis it 
was a sad loss not to have played 
Sydney. On the credit side I never 
thought I'd survive three months 
of playing that role without injur- 
ing myself or losing my voice. Yet I 
did. and I'm very proud of that. I 
feel the engines starting up, the 
thrill of going home at last, the 
huge forward, forward thrust of the 
plane down the runway, and then it 
lifts me up and away leaving 
Australia behind for now and 
Richard III behind for ever. 

Tm «nd urawng © Aruony Siwr. iSBfi 

• Antony Sher’s Year of the King is 
published today in paperback by 
Methuen at £4.50. 

say, in the second poem, “By 
the pool", or the sense of loss 
in the fourth, “I loved a boy 
with all my heart”. 

Stephen Roberts sang the 
work with immense control 
and sensitivity, as he did 
Dallapiccola's Preghiere of 
1962, equally expressive 
though in a way at once more 
refined and more brutal — in 
other words, post-Webemian. 
The message of Murilo 
Mendes's three poems is one 
of hope, protest and ul- 
timately exhortation to end 
the oppression of man. The 
freedom with which Dalla- 
piccola is able to convey his 
own, obviously deep feelings 
is impressive. 

And the Stravinsky? Not 
really so far apart, since the 
Sfonumentum pro Gesualdo 
and the ubiquitous Pulcinetla 
Suite are tributes to and 
reworkings of music by other 
composers, Italian of course. 
Andrew Davis, conspicuous 
here in tails, conducted. 

Stephen Pettitt 


Loose Tubes 

Elizabeth Hall 

A remarkable tale reached its 
climax on Tuesday when 
Loose Tubes, a much-dis- 
cussed 21 -piece collective of 
young British jazz musicians, 
won a roaring ovation at the 
South Bank Summerscope 
festival. Just over a year ago. 
this extraordinary ensemble 
could be found playing in a 
pub to an audience numbering 
barely more than half the 
band's own strength; the sub- 
sequent crescendo of acclaim 
has injected a virus of enthu- 
siasm into the entire local jazz 

Everything they do is fun. 
presented with an absurdist 
humour harking back to the 
loony tunes of the Bonzo Dog 
Band and the sharp parodies 
of the Mothers of Invention. 
There has to be more to it than 
jokes, though, and the secret is 
the real substance behind the 
slapstick facade of a piece like 
John EacotL's “Sunny”, an 
extravaganza of trumpets and 
castanets which might have 
been conceived as the sound- 
track to a remake of Viva 
Zapata. As with the tempera- 
mentally similar cartoons of 
Glen Baxter, the technical 
quality and mastery of idiom 
give the an a lasting life. The 
daft one-liners and the some- 
times hilarious visual pres- 
entation broke the ice, but the 
music itself was what captured 
the hearts. 

Among their extraordinary 
repertoire of hub-cap sym- 
phonies and duck-call con- 
certos. the steam-driven 
warmth of Steve Berry's com- 
positions took the ear on 
Tuesday, particularly a cho- 
rale for brass and woodwind 
and a Latin setting for a duet 
between the saxophones of 
Iain Ballamy and Peter Hun. 
The trumpeter David DeFries 
contributed a new and brassily 
vigorous piece, reminiscent in 
parts of such jazz arrangers of 
the 1950s as Pete Rugolo and 
Johnny Richards. 

The night's outstanding so- 
los came from Ballamy's keen- 
toned alto saxophone on 
Django Bales's “Accepting 
Suites from Strangers” and 
from the guitarist John 
Parricelli. whose gripping 
progress towards ecstacy over 
the sombre chords of Chris 
Batchelor’s “Would 1 Were" 
concluded with the disco very 
of that “long, wheening note" 
of which Captain Beefhean, 
another of the band's spiritual 
ancestors, spoke many years 
ago. This glorious bunch re- 
turn to Ronnie Scott’s Club in 
September before embarking, 
under the aegis of the Contem- 
porary Music Network, on 
their first British tour. 

Richard Williams 


Police fear worst for missing estate agent 

By Stewart Teadler 
Crime Reporter 

Detectives searching for a 
missing woman estate went in b f 


is?'* - 

-i ■ ri : i ;i o 1 n i _• i-j 1 1 ■n.v 

an artist's impression of a man 

railing him<u>lf Mr Kippff, 


three nays ago. 

The artist's impression of a 
well-dressed man aged be- 
tween 25 and 30 and about 5ft 

. . m*?:***c> 

r7. r -M'? 

as police feared the worst 
Miss Susannah Lamplugtu 
aged 25. 

She disappeared on Mob* 

bouse for sale in Shoirolds 

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Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Trie Queen and The E 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh give a garden party. 
Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edin- 

burgh, 4. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, 
Chancellor, visits Edinburgh 
University, 10.45; and later, 
visits the National Gallery of 
Scotland. The Mound, Princes 
St. Edinburgh, 6.30. 

The Prince, accompanied by 
the Princess of Wales, visits the 
Commonwealth Festival Cen- 
tre, Assembly Rooms, 54 
George St, Edinburgh, 10.30; 
then they visit the Common- 
wealth Music Village; Princes 
St, Edinburgh, 1 130; as Presi- 
dent, Scottish Business in the 
Community, the Prince dines 
with members and guests, 
Dalmeny House, West Lothian, 

Princess Anne visits the 
Commonwealth Games Village, 
Pollock Halls of Residence, 
Edinburgh, 1 130; later, attends 
a reception given by the Sports 
Aid Foundation for participants 
in the Commonwealth Games, 
Caledonian Hotel, Edinburgh, 

The Duke of Rent Colonel, 
Scots Guards, lakes the salute at 
the Passing Out Parade, Guards 
Depot. Pubright, 1030; later, 
takes the salute at the Colchester 
Garrison Searchlight Tattoo, 
Roman Hill House, 6.15. 

New exhibitions 

Henri Matisse: Jazz, Art Gal- 
lery and Museum, Kelvingrove, 

Glasgow, Mon to Sat 10 to 5, 
Sun I to 5 (ends Sept 7) 

Sun 2 to 5 (ends Sept 7) 

Exhibitions In progress 

Photographs by Lee Miller, 
Middlesbroagh Art Gallery. 320 
Lintborpe Rd; Mon to Sal 10 to 
6 (ends Aug 9) 

James McIntosh Patrick 
Retrospective, Aberdeen Art 
Gallery, Schooihili. Aberdeen; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Thurs 10 to 
7, Sun 2 to 5 (ends August 1). 

Portrait Drawings by 
Wilhelm Hensel, McAIpine Gal- 
lery, Ashmoiean Museum, Ox- 
ford; Tues to Sat 10 to 4, Sun 2 
to 4 (ends August 24). 

On Top of the World: head- 
gear of the world, Pitt Rivers 
Museum, South Parks Road, 
Oxford; Mon to Sat 2 to 4 (ends 
December 1986). 

Tbe Painters' Progress: The 
Lives and Times of Thomas and 
Paul Sandby, Castle Museum, 
Nottingham; Mon to Sun 10 to 
5.45 (ends August 10) 

Drawings and paintings by 
Michael Cullimore, 

Austin/Desmond Fine Art Ltd, 
Brookside Farm, Winkfiekl Rd, 
Ascot; Mon to Fri 1 1 to 8 (ends 
August 2) 

Books — paperback 


The Literary Editor's sete ctf on of 
in te re s ting books prtBshed this 



Ftom an Intand Sea, by David 

Harsent (Penguin. £355) 

Saraband, by But BBss (Virago, 

The Ufa of tiw Party, by Maureen 

CoBacted P oa ara. by Waiter da la 
Mare (Fabar, £935) 

George EBot, by Gordon Haight 
(Penguin, £535) 

Henry IV Part J, eefted by John 

Colmar and Dorothy Colmar; Henry 
V, edted by HJ4. Hums (Longman, 
£235 each) 


Cyan Sheldon (Penffiin, £335) 

Bran Sheldon (Pang 

The pound 

Pare d!— , The Divine Comedy voL 
111, translated by Mark Musa (Pen- 
guin. £330) 

Year of tho King, by Antony Sher 
jktethuen, £430) 


A depression and asso- 
ciated occlusion ■ over 
Scotland will move 
slowly NE into the north- 
ern North Sea. 

6am to midnight 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,112 

Artistic Licence: works by 
seven artists, Mid-Pennine Arts 
Association. 2 Hammerton St, 
Burnley: 9 to 5. 

Sculpture by Christine Kowal 

Warrington Rd, Runcorn; 10 to 


Cambridge Festival: Concert 
by Cambridge Symphony Or- 
chestra and the Cambridge Co- 
op Band; Cherry Hinton Hall 
Marquee. 7.30, recital by Klara 
GeOert (soprano) and Dorothy 
Maxwell Geddes (piano). St 
Edward's Church, Cambridge, 
HO Organ recital by Chris- 
topher Argent, Jesus College 
Chapel. Cambridge, 1.10. 

Kano Duets by Harold Lester 
and John Alley, the Tabernacle, 
Pendawdd. 8. 

Yugoslavia Dor 

London and SouUi - mat MB Traffic 
wishing to leave southbound route it 
junction 4 thoM uaeneanide lane before 
start of contraflow, between junctions 3 
and 4 ( RMey/ Ughtwaw*. M2: bong 
delays at StocWxay viaduct, between 
junctions 3 and 4 (tight waer/ Frimtey). 

HMaKte Ml: Contraflow N and S d 
junction 20 ( Lutterworth). Leicestershire. 
A4& Delays at Onfcury, N ofUafl owand 
at Marshtirnok, nr Church Strewn. MSB: 
Delays on Do wctt o y Rd m Kiddarmnstan 
temporary Sghrs cmrtro d n g single iana 

Wales and west: AXk Lara closures 
on Bodmin bypass. Cornwafl. *4fcDfltays 

at Sturdbiglon. between Chetareum and 
Stroud. A31: Detays between Kngwood 
and Wbrtxwme. Dorset 
North: MSI: Lara closures in both 
Erections. Greater Manchester; awed 
Btacow Bridge. MS3: Widenrg work ftf 
Barton Bridge, Greater Mtandvswr. avoid 
junctions 2 and a MS/ A50fc Delays to 

.Rates tor smao denomtoatfon bank no— 
only as supplied by Barclays Bank PIC. 

Ratal Price index: 38&S 

London: The FT Index dosed up 8.7 at 

traffic on M6 at junction IS heading tar 
A500: single Sne traffic northbound. 

Scotland: M2: SJr0e Bra traffic at 
several locations b e tween IrwemessMre 
and Dunbartonshire. Congestion hi EcBn- 


Farm noise 

The Health and Safety Exocrine has 

ine traffic on Viearton 

led by AA 

Parliament today 


1 Major source of gold awards 
written off(l3X 

9 Nimble kind of infantry (9). 

10 This Dutch artist sounds 
German to Frenchman (5). 

1] Board’s expression of dis- 
belief (33). 

12 Provide this poet, pre- 
packed (4). 

13 Charges directly towards 
Pole (4). 

15 Dullness of work with a 
financial centre (7). 

17 Pineapple mainly associated 
with a tropical island (7k 

18 Heed panic on pan of deer- 
stalker (7). 

20 Son of car that is difficult to 
beat (4-3). 

21 He is said by rustics to 
name a goddess (4). 

22 Head off freight ship(4k 

23 Bill employed as smooth 
conman (5). 

26 Dressmaker took part in 
demonstration (5). 

27 More than half a mile, OK, 
needs catching up to be in 
France (9). 

28 Part of last month’s mail for 
holiday club, perhaps (9,4). 

4 Firm cut in money, perhaps 

5 Being examined in business 
meeting (7). 

6 Vestment 1 found in French 
cathedral town (4). 

7 Quarrelsome type’s uprising 
in faraway situation (9). 

8 Coward's title given by the 
Duke of Lancaster (43,5). 

14 Tbe American who wrote h 

16 Like daring young man 
about to turn up round 
wrecked boat (9). 

19 Country thanklessly lakes 
old wigs (7). 

20 This US gangster shortly be- 
comes English outlaw (7). 

24 Sort of pin. say. required for 
surplice (5). 

25 King covered by ace? That’s 
a blow (4). 

Talks and lectures 
Because It's There, by John 
White; Lake District National 
Park Visitor Centre, Brockhole, 
Windermere, 130. __ 

Chaucer's Knight, by Terry 
Jones. Tbe Orchard Suite, The 
County Hotel, High St, Canter- 
bury. 5l30l 

Portrush through the Ages, by 
Hugh McGratlan; Portandoo 
Centre. Portrush, 8. 

Martin Parr, photographer, 
talks about his work, Ramsgate' 
Library Gallery, Guildford 

House of Lords (II am): 
European Communities 
(Amendment) BilL Debate on 
■motion to take note of Lords 
EEC Committee report on Sin- 
gle European Act and Par- 
liamentary scrutiny in the 
House of Lords. 

iBjEsSS fe&BC 




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■IB i »K- ? $ PBB 6 ' 1 1 

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1UK U U L fcAAW. 

Young Socialists. 

The proposals put forward 
by Mr Tom Sawyer, of the 
National Union of rnbbc 
Employees, called for r^johar 
youth campaign committees 
to be set up comprising ;of 

Labour students, young trade 
unionists and. Yotmg Social- 
ists. They also suggest the 
appointment of youth ofiGqexs 
in every constituency. • 

Last night the Young [Social- 
ists vowed to fight against the 
move, and believe they will 

sentative-elect, said -'the 
changes _ were obviously do- 

signed sofcfjr. to. stop their 
political ideas having such an, 
influence in- the party, v j . 

“If we. werc, behind Mir 
Kinnock. = and' supported 
everything he did, then- this 
would never have happened” 
she said- - • ■ • - • 

She ' predicted . that c *e 
changes would reduce-, fee-, 
influence oCMHitant, as rapst 
of the Young Socialists , aip- 

ported the paper. 

Labour MP driven out 
of his constituency 

Conthmed fren page 1 - 

different from the Labour 
party 1 joined, and will con- 
tinue to belong to.” ■ 

He said yesterday that the 
BBCs offer followed, .rather 
than pr om pted, hisdedsion to ; 
quit The programme he wifi 
front, scheduled to start in 
September, will be a cross 
between Question 77m* and a 
chat show, with guests from all 
walks of life, broadcast during 
fee day. Several days a week.- 
He has already done ; a pilot 

agreed terms with the BBC/ 
He would not disclose bis 
salary althot^a be agreed it 
would be "substantially In 
excess” of his present MPs 
pay of £17,700 a year; not 
including allowances. 

- He said: “h is a vfey 
exdting challenge- 1 haw al- 
ways -fife comfortable wftfc ; 
tdevision and 1 still fed I have 
much to contribute to political 
life.".. ; " 

MrJCfeoy-Sifl^ whose 
ble-barreUed oame betes'^ 
origins — ! the Silk .^fas- 
father^ kiB^d 4n the warjfed 
fee Kilroy ts his ^aepfewe r . 
wbo^brpU^t him -up(^-;«udhe 
exjpected people, to sayeewti 

changing j^s^r feej^^^ 

“It’s humM^ tn^Hr toJbe 
snid e," he said. ‘^Ul f w^aDt 
needthempney, Thavewyays 
had other sources of meome, 
such, as my>ntotin^ befejes 
nqcMPSpayi?- - v'A/.- 

His i*dsioir;to leave 

ties prop 


nr* in. C F. . 

47 - 17- 63 jail- - 

-- -S4 rfl m . nri 

1 A -47 18 64 «ktOfcl 

»J .18 is »;rata 

021105 14 57 ialn 

Boat to aisle 

■TTr" '.1 1 *-'■ . _"I 

1 i-V'-i 

isjv.' 'i 

TJghfing-np time 

I 11 U4 I ff! 

Engsged couples are being imrttad to 
take a free day-top to toe Isle of Man on a 
’low float" way *i«l leave Ftoanvood 
Lancs, on board dm Mora's Quean, stay 
for six hours on the Wand and wtt be 
treated to a reception and tour of local 
beauty mob. All the women wffl be 
presented with rad roses and there wfl be 
(tanks and romantic music on board, a 
sp okesm an tor the oro y tzere. Asso- 
cated British Ports. salcL The trip wa take 
place in the second or third week of 
August and interested couples should 
tttephone 0253-28928. 


e mmws 


£0 - 20 68 doriy 


i.j 3 « S'S£ v 

frjMaf Alrae os ju. w et.rata 
<X5 J1..15 58, raia 
2-0 .55 14 57 rain - 

St 31 16 Wnflft’, 
22.4? 15^8 pan-;: 


02 J2 
12 - 
12 \m 

32 J02 
1.1-412 ' 
2.1 .19 

fj-.- ^rr e± te|SiP 






Solution to Puzzle No i74u Anniversaries 


[M il I A't 'A 1 1 ;j_lh 


1 Take random iron and drive 
off *- what a silly pursuit.' (4- 

2 Compact smashed (5). 

3 Team's salvation in trouble? 
Outside left (5.5). 

11 B Bl E 0'0 B1 S 
rJOTH t3E3EEnHnnn 

ra ra re d - ci ra -s R 
warassn tanaannH^ 
H 13 IS 5S I!-:' - B 

s ra i Ou-.--.-S 


H • E E fl ® U 

uD[?in«nc?ra ^nHanc 

B E @ O iiS 

n n e ra-'D ® ® 5 

fifflEBRiaEI gffllESBSS 

Births John Ericsson, naval 
engineer, Langbanshyttan, Swe- 
den, 1803. 

Deaths Safot Ignatius of 
Loyola, founder of the Jesuits, 
Rome, 1556; Andrew Johnson, 

h '. ^ ' f riM y . .. . . 

‘""“-I . ’TT. . ' 

17th president of the USA, 
1865-69, Carter Station, Ten- 
nessee. 1875: Raw Liszt, Bay- 
remit, 1886; Angaste Jew 
Jaarts, socialist, assassmatec, 
Paris, 1914; Sir Freuds Young- 
hrmiiaiMl, soldier, diplomat and 
explorer, Lytchett Minster, Dor- 
set 1942; Owen News, actor, 
Brecon, 1943. 

Concise Crossword- page 10 

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■ —i *■ --nging jobs for the »»'- ’ 

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“ " »2 5« money. ] haw* 

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Executive Editor ~W" 

Kenneth Fleet | f\WMT_ 


FT 30 Share _ 

1280.3 (+8.7) 

FT-SE100 17 AA ' 

1566.3 (+9.9) Kt/V 

»^ir m) rlivfir 


US Dollar 

1 .491 5 (+0.0005) From Bailey Morris ' “ 

... _ 1 Washington Mr Pm 

_W German mark __ .... .^7 Resem 

3.1500 (+0.0047) T^ .trade deficit failed steadiet 

_ . . ’ to snow significant improve- trade 1 

Trade- weighted mem Iasi month, casting fur- current 

72.3 (+0.2) ther doubts over the course of yesterdi 

the economy. a races 

. -£~\ m Commerce Department of- inumnei 

f ITIPr m ficials said the June deficit day the 
v-rjJV^V. Ill remained high, at $ 14.1 7 bil- allyahe 
J* lion, largely because of a 2.1120 1 

QlSarraV continued flow of low-cost oil Slerling 
J impons and another sharp early fit 
The prospect of further falls deterioration in agricultural 3 mark 
in oil prices remained strong trade. The June figure com- crude w 
last night after the Organize- pared with a deficit in May of barrel, 
lion of Petroleum Exporting 5)4.21 billion. Slerlii 

Countries (Opec) meeting in The new figures were re- a little fi 
Geneva agreed on an output leased just one day after the 1.4915, 
cut of just J .6 million barrels a Federal Reserve Board chair- trade 1 
- day. This remains well short man Mr Paul Volckcr gave a though 
of the 2.5 million bands a day warning that the US trade still en 
reduction generally consid- deficit remained one of the compar 
ered the minimum necessary biggest blights on the world Tuesday 
to cause prices to rise. economy. — 

Seven of Opec’s 13 mem- MrVoIckersaid on Tuesday j r __ ■ 
bers offered production cuts that if the United States did JrSJ " 
but others said they would not not begin to sell more prod- JiT, 
contemplate a reduction, even ucts overseas within a year, ra Il 
on a voluntary, short-term the economy was likely to sink Ji 

basis. into another deep recession. PH*"™ 

Opec members agreed a The figures sparked nervous )P ,lia l IT 

month' ago 10 restrict output to trading on currency markets 
17.6 million barrels a day, but where they were seen as 5®^ '“ ® 
the cartel is said to be produc- evidence that both the dollar * . ~T 
ing around 20 million barrels and US interest rates must P cnod l: 
at present. Prices have fallen drop to correct the huge trade Rcv,s 
from 530 a barrel last winter to imbalance which is projected jj' v | mo 
about 59 a barrel now. The at a record of about 5165 $65.37 J 
meeting continues today. billion for the year. a deficit 

_ Indeed, Mr Volcker said in Oic sarm 

I .$)w PnftllOA testimony before the There 

MMn vuaugc House Banking Committee on agriculu 
The Government has ac- Tuesday that, because of the ond con 
cepted the case put forward by prospect of continued low gap iota 
the Royal Institution of Char- inflation, there was “plenty of June, cc 
tered Surveyors and others in room” for interest rales to million i 

the property world for creating 

a market selling units in single -m mt a 

commercial properties. The |\/| OfPQflll I 

Financial Services Bill will be fJL Vi Lilli U. J. 

amended to allow for a unit- — ^ __ _ 

ized prt^erty scheme. 

Commercial property, page 18 I tI j A. , 3 ||| g 

OT&T slumps By 1 

... Pretax; profits a t: Ocean Mercantile House, the tions. T1 

Transport & Trading slumped financial services group, is la wed m 
19 per cent to £15 million biding on to the £78.7 mil- form off 
before losses on disposal of Hon «sh transferred from the For 
ships. Turnover was down 10 Greater London Council Deveiopi 
per cent to £371.8 million shortly before it was abolished been set 
while the interim dividend ihisyear. rontrolle 

was increased from 2.55p to The money is on deposit in Council 
2 . 9 p. one of Mercantile s leasing Deveiopi 

Tempos, page 18 subsidiaries pending the out- eraies ft 
come of the challenge to the Council. 
\7Q1?T rloolina legality of the transfer being Of th 
•V O-Ej-L/ U tilling mounted by the London millions,' 
Dealings start today in the Residuary Body, the GLCs spokesmi 
shares of VSEL Consortium, successor. written 

the state warship- building On March 26 and 27 this boroughs 

company sold in March in an year, the _ GLC transferred Corporal 
employee-led buy- £78.7 million to a company Residuar 

out Tempos, page 18 called Salman Developments wc are er 

• (No 18). A search of the matter.” 

Hanson sells ^,1 

Hanson Industries has sold owner of this company, the mom 

Brookwood _ Furniture Com- through a subsidiary called added, 

pany to an investment group Saturn Investments. About 

led by Brookwood’ s manag e- a spokesman for Mer- money, fa 
ment for $8.5 million (£5.7 caniile House said yesterday been ear 
millicm). that it had set up approxi- works. 

tt • • mately 50 Salman companies The M 

Homing IH - one each for a local author- made it c 

Robert Home Group is ? istria or bomu « h " 01,ld 
moving up from the unlisted counciL the couru 

securities market to a full TJf. & ! 

Stock Exchange listing. The JTf'; 

Low-cost oil 
keeps US 
deficit high 

British Gas 
sale takes 
to the road 

By Martin Baker 

British Gas is taking to the 
road in an unprecedented 
publicity drive. The 
Government’s advisers on 
this autumn’s privatization 

discount, and British institu- 
tional investors. A placing 
"may be made in principal 
overseas markets — the 
United States. Canada. Japan, 

Federal Reserve Board chair- 
man Mr Paul Volckcr gave a 
warning that the US trade 
deficit remained one of the 
biggest blights on the world 

Mr Volcker said on Tuesday 
that if the United States did 
not begin to sell more prod- 
ucts overseas within a year, 
the economy was likely to sink 
into another deep recession. 

The figures sparked nervous 
trading on currency markets 
where they were seen as 
evidence that both the dollar 
and US interest rates must 
drop to correct the huge trade 
imbalance which is projected 
at a record of about 5165 
! billion for the year. 

Indeed, Mr Volcker said in 
his testimony before the 
House Banking Committee on 
Tuesday that, because of the 
prospect of continued low 
inflation, there was “plenty of 
room” for interest rales to 

Mr Paul Volcker. the Federal 
Reserve Board chairman, 
steadied the dollar after the 
trade figures sent the US 
currency into retreat. He said 
yesterday that he did not think 
a recession in the US was 
imminent, and at the end of the 
day the dollar showed margin- 
ally ahead against the mark at 
2.1120 and the yen at 155.85. 
Sterling also came hack from 
early firmer positions despite 
a marked rise in Brent oil 
crude which reached $10.25 a 

Sterling finished the session 
a little firmer in dollar terms at 
1.4915, a gain of 5 points. Its 
trade weighted index, al- 
though below a best of 72.7, 
still ended ahead at 723 
compared with 72.1 at 
Tuesday’s final calculation. 

drop, indicating he had not 
ruled out another discount 
rate cut. 

The June trade performance 
pushed the deficit based on 
initial monthly figures for the 
first six months of the year to 
583.92 billion, compared with 
569.27 billion in the same 
period last year. 

Revised figures for the first 

Despite the fall in ihe world 
oil price, the value of imports 
of petroleum and related prod- 
ucts rose 19.5 per cent to an 
adjusted 53.29 billion from 
52.76 billion in the preceding 

The trade deficit with Opec 
widened to $960.7 million 
from 5737.7 million and while 
the deficit with Japan nar- 
rowed -to 53.69 billion from 
54.99 billion, the surplus with 
Western Europe widened to a 1 
record 53.75 billion from 
52.69 billion. 

The figures added 10 con- 
cern that the United States : 
will become increasingly 
protectionist to bolster the 
depressed manufacturing and 
agricultural sectors of the 

Pressures on the trade front 
were apparent in a number of 
areas yesterday. The Treasury 
Department confirmed that 
the Administration plans 10 
open exchange rates negotia- 
tions with Taiwan and Korea 
to convince them to allow 
their currencies to rise against 
the dollar in an effort to 
staunch the flow of imports 
into America. 

Taiwan has a trade surplus 

Opponents at the meeting: above. Sir Jack Weilings, 
chairman, and, below, Mr David Wilson. 

want to make 98 per cem of and Europe.’’ No indication 

600 Group chief 
heads off revolt 

By Cliff Feftham 

five months show a deficit of with United States of more 
$65.37 billion, compared with than Si I billion. 

a deficit of $54.09 billion for 
the same period a year earlier. 

There was a deficit in 
agricultural trade for the sec- 
ond consecutive month. The 
gap totalled $71.2 million in 
June, compared with $348.7 
million in May. 

At the same time. Federal 
Reserve Board officials 
mounted a campaign to con- 
vince Congress to abandon 
efforts to override next month 
President Reagan’s veto of 
legislation sharply limiting 
textile imports. 

Mercantile House holds 
GLC’s ‘missing millions 9 

Mercantile House, the 
financial services group, is 
bolding on to the £78.7 mil- 
lion cash transferred from the 
Greater London Council 
shortly before it was abolished 
this year. 

The money is on deposit in 
one of Mercantile’s leasing 
subsidiaries pending the out- 
come of the challenge to the 
legality of the transfer being 
mounted by the London 
Residuary Body, the GLCs 

On March 26 and 27 this 
year, the GLC transferred 
£78.7 million to a company 
called Salman Developments 
(No 18). A search of the 
companies' register shows that 
Mercantile House is the legal 
owner of this company, 
through a subsidiary called 
Saturn Investments. 

A spokesman for Mer- 
cantile House said yesterday 
that it had set up approxi- 
mately 50 Salman companies 
— one each for a local author- 
ity, district or borough 

The companies are used 
largely to provide off-balance 

By Lawrence Lever 

tions. The Government out- 
lawed most aspects of this 
form of finance last week. 

For instance Satman 
Developments (No 30) has 
been set up for the Labour- 
controlled Islington Borough 
Council, while Satman 
Developments (No I) op- 
erates for Winchester City 


Of the 

GLCs “missing 
the Mercantile 

He also revealed that before 
the sudden transfer by the 
GLC. Mercantile had only 
taken about £20 million of 
GLC money through its 
Satman subsidiary, thereby 
emphasising the extraordinary 
nature of the last-minute 

A scheme operated by 
Satman Developments (No 
301 for Islington Borough 
Council has angered the SDP 

spokesman said: ”Wc have am j liberal Alliance coun- 
wnuen to all the Uindon cillors, who claim that the use 

boroughs, the City of London 
Corporation and the London 
Residuary Body saying that 
wc are entirely neutral in this 

“We have given undertak- 
ings to them all that none of 
the money will be spent,” he 

About £29 million of the 
money, however, has already 
been earmarked for existing 

The Mercantile spokesman 
made it clear that Mercantile 

of the Satman structure will 
produce a crippling burden on 
ratepayers through accu- 
mulated interest charges due 
on loans from Satman 
Developments (No 30). 

The accounts of some of the 
Satman companies show that 
they merely operated as agents 
for the authorities to receive 
money and pay it out 10 local 
authority contractors. 

• Mercantile House yes- 
terday announced pretax prof- 

would not face any liability if its of £75.4 million (£52.2 
the courts overruled the turns- million) for the year to April 

romnanv says intern profits sh«t finance to enable public 


half and a significant increase return unspent capital alloca- 
in dividends for the year is 

sSk allotted South es 

The Bank of England says By Edwaid Townsend 
that, the issue l>y tender of industrial Correspondent 
£400 million per cent . 

index-linked Treasury stock The prosperity gap between 
2060 A has been allotted m the North and South has again 
foil at £ 97 . te* 11 reflected »n the stale of 

fer to its subsidiary. 

“The responsibility rests 
solely with the boroughs in 
which the works take 
place, “he said. 

30. The company is paying a 
final dividend of 7.7p (7.1p). 
making a total for the year of 

! 2 . 6 p(l!. 8 p). 

Tempos, page 18 

South expects building rise 

Wall Street 
Co News 


18 Foreign Excb 19 

18 Traded Opts 19 
18.19 Unit Trusts 20 

19 Commodities 20 

Stock Market 19 USM Wees 20 
Money Mrkte 19 Share Pres 21 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 
The prosperity gap between 
the North and South has again 
been reflected in the slate of 
the building Industry. Three 
times as many contractors 
expect their workload to im- 
prove this year in the London 
area compared with the 

With commercial building 
work extremely buoyant in the 
South, 67 per cent of London 
respondents to the latest state 
of trade inquiry by the Build- 
ing Employers Confederation. 

full capacity stood at a mark- 
edly higher level in the Mid- 
lands and the South compared 
to all the organization’s north- 
ern regions except Yorkshire. 
In total. 51 percent of builders 

said they expected this year’s expea 1986 to be better than 
work to be greater than a year 1 985. 



New York 
Dow Jones 
Nikkei Dow 
Hong Kong: 

1757.87 (-9.00) 

17799.0S (+70.11) 

HanqSeng 1847.94 (-12417) 

Sydney: AO 1108.7 (+3.6) 

Frankfurt .... . __ 

Commerzbank 1842.0 (+327) 


Genera^..., 623.45 (-214) 

Parte C AC 3804 (+1.4) 

Zurich: . 

SKA General *v a 

London closing prices Page 21 



Bank Base: 10% 

3-month Interbank 10-9 ,!l !s% 
3-month eligible NtS’-tP 

buying rate 

Prime Rate 8% 

Federal Funds 

3-month Treasury Bifis 5.85-5.63% 

3(Fyear bonds 


Gtoffl 5 . — 973p (+21p| 

Havelock Europa 238p (+10p 

WPP Group 495p t+17p 


BBA Group j228p <+9p 

B Matthews 235p +12p 

Dee Corn Z4|P +12p 

DS Smith 2S8p + 18p) 

Gus ‘A’ 10i0p +20p 

Woolworth 635p +25p 

Reabrook j91p +1{«>j 

United Real Props — 880p i +40pj 

ago. Mr Petyer Horsepool, 

Only 20 per cent said the 
same in the northern region. ha’if 

The proportion of Scottish n ' 

^o^ver .teS y in 

months ago. 

The BEC said the number of now been in decline since the 

firms working at full or almost end of last year,” he said. 

A shareholder revolt at 600 
Group, the scrap metal and 
machine tool business, was 
quashed > esterday by Sir Jack 
Weilings, the veteran chair- 
man, who unexpectedly an- 
nounced plans to step down. 

Sir Jack insisted his de- 
cision had nothing to do with 
poor resells or the campaign of 
a dissident shareholder, Mr 
David Wilson. 

Sir Jack, who has been 
involved with the business for 
24 years, said be would be 70 
next year and felt it was time 
to find a successor. 

But he had dismal news for 
shareholders attending what 
could be his final annual 
meeting. He said that trading 
conditions had deteriorated 
since the end of the year and 
the only consolation was that 
other companies were also 
finding business tough. Pretax 
profits slipped last year from 
£7 j 6 million to £6.7 million. 

Mr Stanley Richardson, a 
shareholder, complained that 
the shares had gone “down 
and down” and wanted to 
know when a shake-op said to 

‘Boom in 
continues 9 

By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 

The boom in company prof- 
its is still going strong and 
manufacturing output is still 
buoyant despite pessimistic 
official statistics, a leading 
stockbroker said yesterday. 

Phillips & Drew in its 
monthly economic forecast 
argues that the way official 
statistics are calculated has 
distorted a picture of strong 
underlying growth in margins 
and outpuL 

This view contradicts the 
forcasts of several other bro- 
kers last week who were 
downgrading profits predic- 
tions to below 20 per cent for 
this year. Phillips & Drew 
maintained its prediction of 
16-17 per cem for this year 
and 1 1-12 per cent for nexL 
Official figures point to a 4 
per cent decline in profits in 
the first quarter of this year 
but they include a sharp fall in 
stock appreciation which car- 
ries little economic 

Phillips & Drew also argues 
that official statistics under- 
state the growth of manufac- 
turing output for about three 
quarters of the manufacturing 

Accounting for these fac- 
tors, manufacturing profits in 
the United Kingdom rose by 
more than 25 per cem in the 
second half of last year and the 
first half of this year despite 
apparently weak activity and 
rising wage costs. 

be taking place ar the company 
was going to produce benefits. 

But Ihe main thrust came 
from Mr Wilson, an accoun- 
tant. who bad been urging 
institutional shareholders to 
support his campaign to force 
the board to pay another 
£911.000 in dividends. He 
claimed this would bring the 
payout into line with increases 
in the chairman’s pay over the 
last 10 years. 

“The cost of the increase I 
am proposing can be paid for 
by a mere half per cent 
improvement in productivity. 
If the board cannot do the job 
they should resign and let 
someone else have a go.” 

Mr Percy Levy, a former 
600 Group director, claimed 
that the return on assets and 
sales had been “miserable.” 

But Sir Jack, armed with an 
overwhelming number of prox- 
ies supporting the board, said 
the company had no intention 
of changing the proposed divi- 
dend payout, a move which 
also found favour with the rest 
of the meeting. 

the country aware of the sale. 

A British Gas roadshow, 
backed by a “very large” 
television and newspaper 
advertising campaign, will 
visit 16 locations in Britain to 
publicize the biggest-ever gov- 
ernment sell-off. 

The company will be sold at 
the end of November, in what 
Mr Anthony Alt of NM 
Rothschild, bankers to the 
issue, described as “an accel- 
erating pace of activity”. 

The flotation is the 
Government’s most am- 
bitious privatization scheme 
lo date. It is hoped that a 
record number of investors, 
exceeding the 2.3 million Brit- 
ish Telecom subscribers, will 
be attracted: estimates of the 
proceeds vary between £5 
billion and £9 billion. 

Four investment markets 
are the principal targets. Mr 
Alt stressed the importance of 
creating a “mass retail 
demand” among the British 
public. Market research shows 
that at present only half the 
population is aware of the 
impending sale. 

Other investors will be Brit- 
ish Gas employees, who will 
be able to buy shares at a 

was given as to whether 
British institutions will be 
starved of shares as with 
British Telecom. 

British Gas consumers will 
receive special treatment. One 
application for every metered 
gas supply will be eligible for a 
discount on gas bills, or a 
bonus issue of shares. 

But what exactly is meant 
by “consumer" is still open to 
interpretation. Tenants and 
those who share a communal 
supply are being considered 
for favoured applications. 
This presents administrative 
concerns, which make it diffi- 
cult. according u> Mr Alt, to 
do more than expose the 

No details are yet available 
on dealing in the shares or the 
possible involvement of the 
Post Office or British Gas 
showrooms. It will however, 
be quite easy for people to sell. 

An office dealing with pub- 
lic inquiries has been estab- 
lished in Bristol. .All enquirers 
will be sent an information 
pack including a brochure on 
British Gas. a booklet on how 
to buy and sell shares, and an 
application form and 

Fast food chain quits 
UK with £6.8m sale 

By Our City Staff 

Wendy, the fast food chain hambuq 
from the United States, is -andlh 
pulling out of Britain. It is restaur: 
selling its 16 restaurants, all in Metropo 
the London area, to longer ir 
Whitbread, the brewery The 
company. Whitbre: 

Although the Wendy name retailing 

hamburger chain in the world 
— and the brewing, leisure and 
restaurant group Grand 
Metropolitan, which is no 
longer involved. 

The purchase fits 
Whitbread's aim to expand its 
retailing division and to ac- 

will be retained for the rest of quire more restaurants, hotels 
the summer, the restaurants and leisure facilities. 

will be converted to 
Whitbread’s “own retailing 
concepts" when the £ 6.8 mil- 
lion deal is completed. 

Wendy burgers arrived in 
Britain in 1979 in a joint 
venture between Wendy Inter- 
national — the third-laigest 

Whitbread is already jointly 
running the Pizza Hut chain in 
conjunction with Pepsi, and 
operates two of its own Quick 
hamburger outlets. 

The majority- of the Wendy 
sites will be convened to the 
Quick image- 

Lloyds to issue third FRN 

Lloyds Bank yesterday an- 
nounced the issue of undated 
floating rate notes, its third 
since Iasi year when the Bank 
of England agreed to view 
“perpetuals" as primary bank 

Lloyds said that the $600 
million issue would be used to 
improve the quality of the 
bank's capital since it would 

enable a similar amount of 43.3 per cem of equity, dose 
dated subordinated loan cap- to the 50 per cem maximum 

ital to be repaid. 

The new issue brings the 
total amount raised by Lloyds 
in undated FRNs to $1.85 
billion. It boosts the bank's 
primary capital ratio to 8.6 
from 7.8 percent. 

It also raises the proportion 
of undated FRN capital to 

laid down by the Bank of 

Taking advantage of 
favourable market conditions. 
Lloyds is paying 0.1 per cent 
over the London interbank 
offered rate, one of the lowest 
rates paid by a bank raising 
undated debt capilaL 

Thirty stockbrokers barred 
from Hong Kong exchange 


T he average annual compound rate of growth in the 
price of units (on an offer-to-bid basis) of each of our 
capital growth funds between launch and 30th June 1986 
was as follows: 

Fund Launched Growth 

Capital Jan 69 +15.7% p.a. 

International Growth Oct 76 +26.9% p.a. 

American & General Apr 78 +21.5% p.a. 

American Turnaround Oct 79 +24.5% p.a. 

Recovery Apr 82 +28.1% p.a. 

Japan & General Feb 84 +22.3% p.a, 

European Feb 86 +21.8% p.a. 

Even 7 one of these Framlington funds has outperformed the 
FT All-Share Index, the Dow- Jones Industrial Average and 
the Standard and Poors Composite Index. 

E ach fund is fully described in the Framlington Unit 
Trust Guide 1986. For a free copy, send us this coupon: 

jmry — 


Wace Group 




360p (+50p) 

.. 61p -lip) 
- 65p (-33p 
300p -30pJ 

From Stephen Leather, Hong Kong 

The Hong Kong Stock Ex- who have been barred wanted there could be as many as 200 
change has expelled 30 stock- to stop trading anyway, now more stockbrokers preparing 
brokers who refused to insure that the colony’s four ex- to leave the exchange in the 
themselves and their clients changes have been merged face of fierce competition from 
against financial disasters. into one. brokers linked to banks and 

Another IOO will be barred There are almost 1,000 financ ial institutions. 

— I53p{-1 

if they do not pay their members of the exchange for 
membership foes within the just 250 Hong Kong listed 

navi fan.' ivoaltc ■ * _ 


£ $1.4916 
2 DM3.1500 
£ S«Fr25259 

£: FFr105168 
£: Yen23245 

New York: 

£: $1.4910 
$: DM21130 
$: Index: 1 121 

ECU £0.670089 
SDR £0.806792 


London Fixing: 

AM $351-35 pm-$351. 65 
COsSiBSI .75-35225 (£236.00- 


north sea oil 

Breat(Sept) — Sl0iBbbl{S9.65) 

next few weeks. 

The expelled brokers re- 
fused to put op a bank 
guarantee of HK$500,000 
(£44,000) or to pay a 
HK$ 2 G,bOO contribution to a 
contingency fund to cover 
themselves against bank- 
ruptcy or default 
They were also fined 
HK$ 6 ,O 0 O by the exchange. 
Many at the stockbrokers 

companies, but only two thirds 
actively trade. 

Most of the brokers who are 
refusing to pay have not traded 
since the Hong Kong Ex- 
change, the Far East Ex- 
change, Ihe Kowloon 
Exchange and the Kam Ngan 
Exchange were merged In 
April, so their expulsion wiU 
not affect trading volume. 

One Hong Kong broker said 

more stockbrokers preparing 
to leave the exchange in the 
face of fierce competition from 
brokers linked to banks and 
financial institutions. 

The exchange has been 
jinvuins to help the brokers, 
twice postponing the deadline 
for producing the bank guar- 
antee or paying into the Stock- 
brokers Compensation Fond. 

Most paid eventually hot 
were fined HKS3.000. 

The cost of a seat on the new 
exchange has dropped to a 
thin) less than its book value 
of HKSI00,000, hot it is still 
rare for a place to change 

To: Framlington Unit Management Limited, 


Please send me a copy of the Framlington Unit Trust 
Guide 19S6. 



j . T ^d 





Dow stages fragile rally 

New York (Renter) - Share 
prices showed a moderate 
advance in early trading yes- 
terday, reversing the trend of 
sharp declines earner in the 

The rebound was fragile. 

ing tow of 1,766-87 on 

The transport average was 
up 113 at 713.13 while the 
utilities average slipped 0.22 
to 203.06. The 65 stocks 
average was 0.69 higher at 

The broader New York 

Britain set to share in 
Australian bonanza 

however, with breadth remain- w 

ing just slightly positive and The broader New York 
no strong erttntHnicreasons to Stock Exchange anuposite m- 
ranwvrt a recovery* traders dex was ip 0.11 at 13530 



The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which rose about five 
points to 1,772 shortly after 
the opening, was np 137 to 
1,768.14 at one stage. The 
indicator hit the month's dos- 

while Standard & Poor’s 
composite index rose 037 to 

fTT was among the most 
active stocks in early trading, 
up IV: to 53%, after announc- 
ing that it was dose to an 
agreement with CGE 

Jui Jul 

29 28 


n Bk 








By Jndith Huntley 

The Australian 

Government's relaxation of 
its restrictive rules on foreign 
investment, forced on it by the 
dramatic decline in the 
Australian dollar, which 
plummeted to new depths this 
week, removes real and 
psychological barriers to prop- 
'erty development and invest- 
ment in the country. 

Three of Britain’s largest 
properly companies, 
Hammerson. MEPC and Cap- 
ital & Counties, stand to gain 
substantially from moves to 
encourage foreign investors. 
Significant proportions of 
their property portfolios are in 

The Foreign Investment 
Review Board, which vetted, 
all property developments 
from foreign companies, will 
no longer be able to insist that 
at least 50 per cent of the 
interest in a scheme be sold to 
an Australian investor within 
a prescribed time. And the 
spectre of yet tougher regula- 
tions prohibiting the buying of 
property without a 50 per cent 
Australian partner has also 
been banished. 

Mr Keith Douglas-Mann, 
chairman of Jones Lang 
Wootton, the chartered 
surveyor's London partner- 
ship and international 
committee, says; “The revised 
regulations, which reverse the 
previous virtually total ban on 
overseas purchases, are prob- 
ably the most significant 
changes to be announced in 
the Australian market for 
years. Japanese and Hong 
Kong investors are known to 
be looking keenly at the 
market and the way is now 
clear for a revival of activity." 

Mr Ray Moorman, Capital 
& Counties' finance director, 
agrees. The company has 15 
per cent of its portfolio in 
Australia and in the past has 
had to restrict its stake in its 
schemes to about 35 per cent 
“Now we will be able to retain 
100 per cent of our develop- 
ments and sell at our leisure,” 
comments Mr Moorman. 

“We will no longer be in the 
position of having a virtually 
‘forced sale' to an Australian 
investor inflicted on us as was 
previously the case. We have 
kept 100 per cent of two of our 
largest schemes, in the sub- 

■ k pf ■ ,<*~x ^ 

urbs of Sydney, worth about 
£12.5 million each, believing 
that the FIRB would be 
abolished. We can now sell 
when we think market con- 
ditions are right. 

“Hong Kong and Japanese 
money is already in Australia 
and without ihegauntlet of the 
FIRB to run there will be 
substantially more. There is 
little product to buy and the 
market is buoyant in the Large 
cities. Prices will rise and 
yields will fall Prime subur- 
ban office yields are now at 8 
per cent but I think they will 
drop below that," forecasts Mr 

The new investment guide- 
lines mean that foreign buyers 
will automatically be given 
approval from the FIRB to 
acquire a 50 per cent stake in 
property investments. 

They will be allowed to buy 
the remaining 50 per cent if no 
local buyer can be found or if 
the first half-share could not 
reasonably be bought on its 
own. This is a reversal of the 
present position where foreign 
investors had to demonstrate 
that the purchase was in the 
national interest. 

The Hammerson Group, 
with 20 per cem of its portfolio 

designed to give it a high 
profile locally and enable it to 

profile locally and enable it to 
make useful contacts if 
needed, with potential Austra- 
lian partners. But 
Hammerson's Japanese con- 
tacts could prove very useful 
in a newly active Australian 
market where money from the 
Far East is searching for a 

j®’ ■. ; ,-f ' COMPANY NEWS 4 ' 

• ATT WOODS: Contracts 
have been exchanged for the 
purchase of JM Roper for £4.2 
million, satisfied by the issue of 
2.63 million new ordinary 
shares. The board explains that 
the mainstream business of 
Roper presents an opportunity 
to expand Attwoods’ activities 
in an area where a trading 
presence was established in 
1985 following the purchase of 
Bam sd ale Bar and Branshaw 
Quarries in Yorkshire. 

company, which is 42 per cent 
owned by Blue Circle Industries, 
has reported for the six months 
lo June 30. 1986 (seven months 
to June 30. 1985). Pretax profit 
R4.16 million (£1.1 million), 
against R5.64 million. Turnover 
R J46 million (RI5I million). 
While no interim dividend is 
being paid, the board will con- 
sider a final, based on the foil 
year’s results, last time, the 
company paid an interim of 11 
cents, but passed the final. 

• COSALT: The company has 
agreed to acquire the outstand- 

ing 26 per cent interest in Cosalt j 
Halson Leisure, which owns the 
Beacon Fell View Caravan Park 
in North Lancashire. The. 
consideration will be satisfied 
by 1 70,000 new ordinary shares, 
valuing the purchase - at 

Government gives green 
light for unitized sales 

Farrer, the chairman, reports in 
his annual statement that the 
forward sales position is stron- 
ger than ever, with reservations 
and exchanges at record levels. 
The board remains confident of 
the group's continued expan- 
sion. A one-for-one scrip issue is 

• REXMORE: Year to March 
29. Total dividend lp (same). 
Turnover £31.01 million 
(£29.96 million). Pretax profit 
£604.000 (£513,000). Earnings 
per share 3.09p (0.36p). Turn- 
over for the first quarter of the 
current year is ahead of the same 
period last year and the board 
expects to see an improvement 
in earnings per share, subject to 
little change in interest rates. 

The Government has ac- 
cepted in principle the cre- 
ation of a new investment 
market selling units in single 
commercial properties. 

The Financial Services Bill, 
now at the Committee Stage, 
will be amended to allow for a 
unitized property scheme to 
be marketed both to institu- 
tions and the public 

Lord Lucas, Parliamentary 
Under-Secretary at the 
Department of "Trade and 
Industry, announced the 
Government’s decision to ac- 
cept the principle of unitiza- 
tion as put forward by the 
Royal Institution of Chartered 
Surveyors and others on Mon- 
day in the House of Lords. 

The Government will be 
consulting interested parties 
over the amendment of the 

Bill. The proposal will fall 
outside the definition of 
collective investment 
schemes. A unitized market 
would be regulated under the 
“recognized investment ex- 
change provisions." 

The prospect of fun- 
damental changes in the meth- 
ods of financing and owning 
property opens up new 
possibilities, not least for the 
hard pressed inner cities, 
according to the RICS. 

Deloitte Haskins & Sells, 
the accountant believes that 
further tax incentives will be 
needed to shift investment 
away from the favoured 
South-east of England. The 
firm argues for the designation 
of special zones within cities 
or urban areas. 

Tax relief for investors 
could also be obtained 
through an adaptation of the 
Personal Equity Plans an- 
nounced by the Government 

in the last Budget Deloitte 
suggests that no tax be payable 
on the income from property 
units, making the scheme 
attractive to higher rate 

It also raises the question of 
extending the Business Expan- 
sion Scheme to a selected 
range of unitized property 

But Deloitte, like the RICS, 
believes in encouraging the 
formation of a single unitized 
market, not a proliferation of 
competing schemes. Bui if 
this new market is to come 
into being there will be stiff 
competition among those 
wishing lo participate in iL 

There has yet to be a 
resolution of the dilemna 
whereby those hoping to gain 
commercial advantage by be- 

ing first or producing a variety 
of vehicles are in danger of 
seeing the market diminish 
because of fragmentation. 


Control Securities buys 
£3. 3m shopping centre 

ahead with 


W N. Menzies-Wilson, Chairman 

jan-juiie Jan-june 









Trading Profit 




Profit iK'lore ux 




Profit attributable 
to shareholders 




per share 




|k.t share 




‘Ocean is in transition as we make 
good progress towards our strategic 
aim of changing from a shipping 
company to a broader industrial 
and distribution services company. 
The coming months will be an 
exciting period as we continue to 
invest well in our chosen market 
areas. Our restructured manage- 
ment team is well prepared to 
meet this challenge.’ 


• Control Securities has 
bought the freehold of the 
Lee-Gate Shopping Centre 

in Lewisham, so nth-east Lon- 
don, from a subsidiary of 
Rush & Tompkins, for £33 
million in cash. The seven- 
year-old centre has 31 shops, 
37300 sq ft of offices ami a 
290-space car-park. The an- 
nual rental income is 
£375.000 and is expected to 
rise during the next six 
months. Control’s newly- 
recoustitnted board has 
negotiated a loan facility to 
expand its trading 

• The Bride Hall Group 
and PosTeL, the pension fond 
for the Post Office, have 
received approval for their 
£90 million business park 

at Bracknell, Berkshire. The 
37-acre freehold site was 
bo light from the New Towns 
Commission last Septem- 
ber. The Erst phase — known 
as Park One — w31 contain 
130,000 sq ft of low-density 
space. Eventually, there 
will be 650,000 sq ft much of 
it purpose- built The let- 
ting agents are Bernard 
Thorpe & Partners and 
Debeuham Tewson & 

• Beacon tree Estates, the 
development company jointly 
owned by Clarke, Nickolls 

£ Coombs and JM Jones, the 
builder, has sold its office 

site next to its Pavilions 
scheme in Redhill, Surrey, 
covering two-thirds of an acre, 
to Heron Hi-tech for £13 
million. Beacon tree will de- 
velop the site with Heron, 
the company set up by Mr 
Gerald Ronson to baild hi- 
tech schemes in the Thames 

Valley. The letting agents 
for the 26,000 sq ft project are 
Hillier Parker and Rich- 
ard Ellis. 

0 Country and New Town 
Properties has let its 
redevelopment of the for- 
mer Civil Service Store in 
London’s Strand, giving it 
a rental income of more than 
£450,000 a year. Dixons Is 
to lease 5,270 sq ft, fronting 
the Strand. Whitbread's 
first British restaurant with 
250 seats -called TGI 
Fridays and being undertaken 
with US partners — will 
open at the rear of the build- 
ing. Rank Xerox is also 
taking 2,400 sq ft. Knight 
Frank & Rutley and Harri- 
son & Go ate were the letting 








Adam & Company. 


Grtriw* SavingsT- 

Continental Trust 

Co-operative Bade 

C. Hoare & Co 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 
ILoyds — 

Nat Westminster 

Royal Bank erf Scotland 


Citibank NA 


- 10 . 00 % 

- 10 . 00 % 

- 10 . 75 % 

- 10 . 00 % 
... 10 . 00 % 
... 10 . 00 % 
... 10 . 00 % 

Base Rue. 


Mercantile rise does 
not promise riches 

Lad broke Group Properties, part of the Ladbroke hotels and 
gambling group, has transformed the former Debeuham & 

Freebody departmemt store in London's Wlgmore Street, 
bought for £6.5 million, into a 65,000 sq ft office bonding. 

The refurbishment is thought to have cost £30 millioa. 
Asking rents will be between £25 and £28 a sq ft. 

Mercantile Housers. 44 per 
cent pretax profits increase to 
£75-4 million for the year to 
April 30, does not automati- 
cally augur well for the future. 

The £41.7 million operat- 
ing profit is only a 3 per cent 
increase, h has been swelled 
by wading gains made by 
Mercantile 4 * Alexander Dis- 
count subsidiary, using us 
surplus liquidity, to operate as 
a principal in the gilts market. 

Given the buoyant state of 
the gilts market in the fust 
four months of this year, 
these gains, which Mercantile 
does not disclose, might not 
be repeated. 

Then there is the fact that 
most of the profit increase 
came from related companies 
— up jo £33.7 million from 
1985's £1 1-7 million. ■ 

However, some £31 mil- 
lion of this comes from the 
results of the securities opera- 
tions of Oppenheimer, the 
American investment group, 
of which Mercantile owned 
100 per cent until shortly 
before the end of its tax year. 
It now has only 18 per cent, 
so next year's contribution to 
its profits from this source 

Mercantile^ shares fell Ip 
yesterday to 29 Ip- Some 
brokers are thinking in terms 
of a £65 miliion pretax profit 
next year and earnings per- 
share on an undiluted basis of 
approximately 48p. This 
would pin the company on a 
p/e ratio of around 6, suggest- 
ing that the share price is- 
already discounting a fell in 


What price Britain’s -nuclear 
submarine builder? Dealings. 

begin today iii the shares of 
VSEL, formerly Vickers 
Shipbuilding. The shares, 
originally sold at 100p, are 
being quoted by way of an 
introduction and no new 
money is being raised. . 

As an investment, VSEL 
offers .a renationalization 
gamble with a twist A La- 
bour government might re- 
nationalize; both Labour and 
the Alliance will most cer- 
tainly cancel Trident. The 
former would definitely be 
bad news for shareholders; 
the latter would be quite 
bearable for the company. ' 

VSEL hopes to build ah 
four Trident submarines 
which would bring in £1.6 
biDioii of work over the next 
10 years; An assembly.hall is 
being constructed at a cost of 
£220 million and profits will 
start coming thraughin about 
three years. 

If the contract is cancelled,: 
however, VSEL receives T 25 
per cent of the outturn price^ 
dropping to 100 per cent 
when the second submarine 
is ordered. 

So the Investment in tin; 
facility is covered. 

Almost all the £1.9 bilHon, 
of orders is accounted for by 
work from the Ministry of 
Defence and VSEL is having 
to trim its costs in order to' 
offset the slimmer matins 
now on offer. 

On a pro forma basis 
pretax profits for the year to 
March were £11.9 .million. 
Assuming no mainstream tax 
is payable, a share pride c£ 

should be significantly lower. 
Of course Mercantile does 
have the benefit of $100 
million (£67 million) in cash 
from the sale. 

The share of related profits 
includes a contribution from 
only 29.9 per cent of Laing & 
Cruickshank, now fully- 
owned by Mercantile. This 
should provide between £5 
million and £7 million next 
year, but dearly will not 
make up the anucipated fell 
in the related companies. 

Then there is the big bang 
and the doom and gloom that 
many, including Mr John 
Barks hire. Mercantile's chair- 
man, predict for certain of the 
principals in the gilts and 
equity markets. He said yes- 
terday that Mercantile’s 
Investment Banking and 
Securities Trading operations 
would be partially hit by the 
big bang. 

However, Mercantile's big 

in Australia, says ihe impact 
of currency fluctuations on its 

of currency fluctuations on its 
asset value will be lessened by 
the new measures. That will be 
a welcome relief not only to 
Hammerson but to CapCo 
and MEPC as well All three 
are vulnerable to the swings of 
the currency markets. 

The Australian dollar has 
been felling for some time, 
wiping considerable amounts 
on the asset values of the 
British developers despite 
good performance measured 
in local currency terras. 

Hammerson will be looking 
for new developments and the 
relaxation of the guidelines 
gives it some breathing space 
to do so. Hammerson has a 
listing in Australia, a move 

bang exposure — £25 miliion 
in the gilts primary dealer 
and Laing - is not huge. 
Moreover, the private client 
business Laing is so prom- 
inent in, is not likely to suffer 
the commissions squeeze that 
the institutional investors 
will apply. This is perhaps 
why Mercantile is building up 
its retail presence and will 
soon announce further- 
aquisitions in this field, both 
in the UK and overseas. ' 

land-based services. After the 
disposal of its ono-tiurd m- 
lerest in Overseas Containers 
Limited, ft has 
remaining burines^ under 
various headings of whicntije 
main ones are fuel distribu- 
tion, air freight forwarding,, 
and bulk liquid storage 

The trouble is, that al- 
though Ocean is in a range of 
soundly-based, well-managed 
businesses, none is in . a . 
highly-rated,, glamour 

Through the Sale of OCU 
the group has plenty of funds 
to make acquisitions, and so : 
for its record has been feult- 
less in selecting businesses • 
which firm well with wfeat-it' • 
is doing. But:. if. Mr R Pa 
. Brierley can raise his-stake •- 
fixjni 5^5 per cent to 73 per ■ 
cent without causing ;tht 
share price Jo flicker, ‘ it is 
hard to see quite what there is . 
in the group that, is going to : 
spark investor interest ; 

Disposal of OCL cairte, too 
late for the interim." results, 
announced yesterday. The £5 
million deterioration . in -the 
associated companies’ pretax 
' profit contribution \ from 
£13.9 million to £9 million 
was - entirely due to a halving 
of profits at OCL.. As a result, 

- groups pretax profit ■ before 
1 losses-on the disposal of ships - 
declined 19 per; cent to £15 
million in the six months to. 
June 30.- . . • : -7. - 

• The ; profit forecast. for tte 
rest of the -year depends, on 
how the group', deploys the 
£50 million or so it. has 
available .. For .acquisitions 
from the OCL safe . /-•' 

counted for by The interest diarge wfll be ; 
re Ministry of- much reduced. Tlnx, and' the 
/SEL is having seasonal nature of the air : 
sts in order to ■ freight business, biased two- ; 
nmer matins to-one m fevourofthesecond 
half, the purthase r of Jartlhfe 
forma basis,’ Matheson's ] airfreight . 
for the year to ; forwarding business and .the , 
£1 1 .9 . .million, acquisition of ihe outstand- - 
mainstream tax - ing 50 per cept .in; Eahocean 

_ share pride o£ should enabfe the group to 

say, 130p would mean a j>/e match the £15 nriDion pretax 
of 4 and a yield of 62 per - it made in the first half.. 

and a yield of 62 per 

Ocean Transport 

Ocean Transport and 
Trading has gradually been 
moving away . from its 
concentration ; on . shipping 
towards a . broad -range Of 

. The absence of OCL means 
the tax charge will also be 
much reduced and earnings 
per share of T9p forthe year i 
look possfbfe compared with i 

c* _ r Li; 

17.5p last year. This implies a 
prospective multiple of 11.3, 
a rating which , fairly ^ reflects 
. the prospects of the, under- ; 
lying -businesses. . • - ' • ;■;[ . I 

Clarkson LMS: Mr BM 
Waters joins the board as 
chairman, Mr CL Burgess as 
deputy chairman, Mr PH 
Gray as managing director, 
and Mr BT Clarke, Mr A WG 
Dnngar, Mr PRH Friend, Mr 
DB Houghton, Mr DP 
Lanaer, Mr G Marsh, Mr CH 
Matthews become directors.. 

Baker Perkins: Mir George 
Law becomes deputy 

Trico Products Corpora- 
tion: Mr Rene ran Dyck joins 
the board. 

Courtaulds: Mr RM 
Woodhoose becomes addi- 
tional deputy chairman. 

SopeJem: M. Guy Bnun 
and M. Henri Bernet have 
been made non-executive 

Klein wort Benson: Mr 

Marc Cramsie and Mrs Les- 
ley Watts join the board. 

Diners Cub International: 
Mr Nick Rowe has been made 
managing director, Europe, 
Middle East and Africa. 

Daiwa Europe: Mr Nicho- 
las Clegg becomes managing 

Manufacturers Hanover . 
Trust Company: Mr Douglas 
Robson is vice-president. Mr 
Neil Levitt, Mr Terence For- 
syth, Mr Robert Brydges and 
Mr David White are vice- 
presidents. .. 

Ward Ashcroft and Rarfc- 
mau: Mr Eric Bond and Mr 
Bernard Jones become asso- 
ciate directors. 

Securities Trust of Scotland: 
Mr Robin Young becomes a 

Telfos Holdings: Mr JW 

Malms becomes - managing 

Bond Street Association: 
Mr CT Neate has been elected 
vice-chairman. •. 

Sun Life Inyestinent Man- 
agement Services: Mr Keith 
Baker has been made execu- 
tive director (Japan), Mr Ian 
Buckley executive director 
(UK Equities), and Mr Bill 
Richards executive director 

Paterson Foods: Mr Ryder 
Forsyth becomes commercial 

Schroder Investment 
Management: Mr John Lam- 
bert has become director of 
operations.. . _ 

Wright Machinery Ca Dr 
Roger Stokes and Mr Graham ' 
Clements have been ' ap- 
pointed to the board. : - 



£72 ,1m UP 77% 
£7.0m UP 11 3% 
£5.2m UP 135% 
10.0 lp UP 24% 
5.5p UP 24% 


The year ended 31 March 1986 has seen continued progress 
by the group on all fronts, with increased profits deriving 
from businesses acquired in the previous year and from sub- 
stantial growth of existing activities. - 

Both turnover and trading in the first quarter pf 19.86/7 are 

considerably ahead of the corresponding level last year. 



TRADING PROFIT (before interest) 

72 J 30 40,743 
6958 3,263 

5467 1201 

10 -Olp... 8 . 07 p 
. 35 p , 2 _S 33 p 

Copies of (he Annual Report, containing ihe Chairman-* Statement in full are obtainable fm-. 
The Secretary, Norton Opa.\ pic, Norton Ojm House. 1 J Ripon Road. Harrogate-HGI S? 

Mr* ** 

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Battering for shares with 
South African interests 

Wtift sanctions now a real 
possibility following ihe coL 
kp* of Sir Geoffrey Howe's 
mission 10 South Africa, 
shares , of companies with in- 
terests there suffered a sharp 
setback yesterday. 

Barclays Barak, which has 
an associate. Barclays Na- 
tional Bank, in South Africa. 
jj-JJ ISp to 512p. Standard 
Chartered, recently the subject 
of an abortive takeover bid 
from Lloyds Bank, was simi- 

• In Che first half of this 
year, pretax profits of 
Gallaher, the tobacco 
group which is a subsidiary of 
American Brands of the 
US, rose by 7 per cent to 
£57.7 million. Turnover 
expanded from £1494 bB- 
Iwn to £1.592 bOlkra. 

Mr SG Cameron, the chair- 
man, says that the fall 
year's results are expected to 
be ■‘satisfactory." In 1985, 
pretax profits totalled £109.7 

lariy down at 734p, on fading 
hopes of another bid. 

Loorho dropped to 2I8p at 
one stage, before recovering to 
223p. a net tall of 5p and the 
De Beers diamond group re- 
treated by 23 cents to 583 
cents. Bine Circle eased 6p to 
575p, but Pilkington gained 
7p to 41 5p. stimulated by the 
chairman's continued op- 
timism at ihe annual meeting. 

Elsewhere the market was in 
good heart, cheered by en- 
couraging reports of progress 
on production quotas at the 
Opec meeting in Geneva, 
which had been adjourned 
until today, with ministers 
still talking. 

The FT 30-share index rose 
by 8.7 points to 1.2803. while 
the broader-based FT-SE 100 
index was 9.9 points higher at 

Oils were naturally to the 
fore yesterday as the spot price 
improved to nearly Sli a 

By Michael Clark 

BP advanced 9p to 575p. 
white the recently hard-hit 
Britoi! rallied 6p to II Ip. 

Gilts were marked up by 
half-a-point in the wake of Mr 
Paul Volcker's hints of lower 
US interest rates to support 
the ailing bond market, 
additionally helped by a 
firmer pound. 

Stores climbed out of the 
doldrums on cheaper money 
hopes. Wool worth, with its 
annual meeting today, jumped 
25p to 635p, while GUS “A" 
at I.OIOp. Storehouse, 228p 
and Ratoers, 191p, were 
among those to pul on 9p to 

Elsewhere in consumer is- 
sues, A ms trad, with full-year 
figures due in September, 
sprang to life at 122p. up 8p. 
Food retailers made good 
progress behind the lead of 
Dee Corporation, up I2p to 
243p, on further consideration 
of the results. 

Leading shares moved 
ahead from the outset, the 
fresh GUI on Wall Street and 
Tuesday's gloomy investment 
review from the CBI both 
shrugged aside. Glaxo met 
American support at 973p. up 

2 Ip. Gnest Keen & 
Nettlefolds, with its interim 
figures due next Wednesday, 
gained 7p to 342p. British 
Telecom continued to respond 
to the latest opinion poll — 
showing the Government only 
one point behind Labour — 
adding a further 4p to 192p. 

Breweries tended to be held 
back by the Government's 
decision to launch an inquiry 
into the “tied system.” but 
small brewers did well with 
JA Devenish up I3p to 207p. 

Properties were excited by 
fresh action on the takeover 
front, lmry announced an 
approach which may lead to a 
bid and climbed by 50p to 
360p. United ReaL m receipt 
of several approaches, jumped 
40p to S80p on reports of 
imminent developments. 

Press comment supported 
Blick at 188p and Electron 
House at !23p. both up 5p. 
Good profits boosted Zeners 
Group by 7p to 18 Ip, but 
disappointing news unsettled 
Wace Group at 6ip. down 

A 44 per cent setback 
knocked 33p from Ktearfold at 
65p, but David Smith ad- 



Angba Secs (115p) 
ASWev (L) (J35p) 

BBS Design iSJp) 
Beaverco (MS p) 

Bipel 37 T-(2p) 

Borland (I25p) 

Bredero (l45p) 

Chelsea Man (12Sp) 
Coated Dear odes (84p) 
Evans HaUshaw (120p) 
Fletcher Dennys (7Qp> 
GT Management (210p) 
Gutting Corp (ISOp) 
Ham son [(ibflp) 

Hfla Ergonom (92p) 
Hughes Food f20p) 

Lon Utd mv (330p) 

M6 Cosh & C (lOOp) 
nteu [5oop) 

Morgan Grenfell ISbup) 
Shdd (72p) 

SmaXhone (165p) 
Soundtracks (4(5p) 

Stanley Leisure (11 Op) 

141 +7 
203 +3 

23’j — >j 

TV-AM (130p) 

Task Force (95p) 

Tenby inds (112p) 
Thames TV (I90p) 
Ttobat & Britten (120p) 
Yehrarton <38p) 

Unitock ffcSp) 

Wmdsmoor (10flp) 


Abaco Inv F fP 
Antofagasta N/P 

Colored N/P 
De La Rue F/P 
Dataswv N/P 
Erskme Hse F/P 
Expamet N/P 
Leigh interests N/P 
Top Value N/P 
Wight Coffins F/P 
(Issue price m brackets). 

l50'j +4 

vanced ISp to 258p in 
anticipation of good results 
today. Receding hopes of a bid 
left United Scientific I Op 
lower at 153p. British Aero- 
space was hoisted I2p to 485p 
on (he latest slimming pro- 
posals at Wcybridge in Surrey 
and the prospect of expansion 
into the electronics industries. 

WPP Group was lifted by 
17p to 495p on the latest 
acquisition. An encouraging 
statement from Multitone out- 
weighed the news of heavy 
losses, the shares adding 5p to 

• Bristol Oil & Minerals 
has cot its pretax loss to 
£424,000 for the six 
months to June 30 from £1.44 
million a year earlier. 

The operating loss was 
down to £230,000 from 
£979.000. The interim is 
again passed. The shares 
gained lp on the announce- 
ment, to dose at 15p. 

43p. A£ hardened 4p to 227p 
in sympathy with the 6p 
improvement to 190p in the 
shares of the unwelcome pred- 
ator, Toner & NewalL 
Vague talk of an offer from 
BTR lifted English China 
Clays by 8p to 325p. T Cowie, 
with interim figures next 
Tuesday, was 5p dearer at 
I95p. Dealers are hoping for 
news of the flotation plans of 
the financial services division. 

Recent new issue TV-am 
was favoured at I Sip. up by 
4.5p. Wiggins Group was 
hoisted by I Ip to 139p ahead 
of today's annual meeting and 
on the news of a stake change. 

Park fie Id rebounded by 20p 
to 530p after Tuesday's fall 
which followed the 
chairman's share placing. 
Powell Duffryn improved by 
6p to 27 8 p after the annual 
meeting and Hawley Group, a 
weak market of late, recovered 
6p to lOOp. 

Tuesday's bumper profits 
boosted Gold Greenlees by 7p 
to 21 3p. 





By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

Both arms of the British 
Technology Group — the Na- 
tional Research Development 
Corporation and the National 
Enterprise Board — yesterday- 
announced profits for the 
financial year ending in 

The National Research 
Development Corporation de- 
clared a pretax surplus of 
£7.54 million, on an income of 
£1 9.35 million from industrial 
projects and licences. 

The corporation is presently 
engaged in litigation over 
alleged infringement of pat- 
ents and intellectual property 
rights. It has made a provision 
of £1.05 million for these 
imminent expenses. 

Mr Colin Barker, BTG’s 
chairman, said: “it has been a 
year of steady growth and 
progress. Our main thrust is 
still the transfer of technology 
to industry and the provision 
of finance to develop indus- 
trial products and processes. 
We are keen to increase our 
portfolio of academic and 
industrial projects and have 
the financial muscle and in- 
house skills to promote and 
exploit innovation and new 

During the year, 355 
innovations for exploitation 
and development were offered 
to the NRDC but only 188 
were selected for funding, 
bringing the total to 1,912, up 
from 1,863 the previous year. 

A total £4.64 million was 
invested in developing inven- 
tions into commercial prod- 
ucts and another 94 projects 
were initialed by the corpora- 
tion. The joint venture port- 
folio stands at 237. with a net 
book value of £5.31 million. 

The National Enterprise 
Board, announced an operat- 
ing profit of £5.18 million. 
Disposal of 17 former invest- 
ments and loan repayments 
realized £13.1 million. The 
cash balance is £l 1.02 million 




3 total open interest 1030 


Argentina austral* 
Australia dotar 


rT fa -V" 1 ' |l 8 < l — g 

— . 1.3894-1.3719 


... 05805-05645 

Brazil cruzado * — 20.4fl-20.62 Australia - 

Cyprus pound 0.7300-0.7400 Canada .... — 

Finland marVe 7.4860-7.5360 Sweden 

Greece drachma 203.45-205.45 Norway 

Hong Kong dolor 11.6253-11.8340 Denmark 

India rupee 1805-18.75 west Germany 

Iraq dinar n fa Switzerland 

Kuwait dinar KO 0.4315-04355 Nettwrtands 

Malaysia dollar 3J13M.9187 Franca 

Mexicopeso 930480 Japan 

New Zealand dofiar 20579-2.8710 Italy — 

Saudi Ara&ertyal 5.591 5-5.631 S Boigiuri^Comm) 

Singapore daBar 3J430-X2482 Hong Kong 

South Africa rand 3.8743-3.8973 Portugal 

UAEdrnam 5.463555035 Spam 

*Uoyt» Bank Austria 

Rates MjppSod by Barclays Bank HOFEX and ExtoL 

Ireland ... 


Malaysia „ 






West Germany 
Switzerland — 
Netherlands — 

Hong Kong ___ 



Austria — — - 

- 1.4030-14060 

- 2.1780-2.1800 

- 0 6099-06106 
.. 1 .3830-13835 
.. 7.0050-7 J31 00 
.. 7.4425-7.4475 
_ 7.9500-7.9&50 

- 2.1125-2.1137 

- 1.6955-1.6965 
.. 23815-23825 

- 63400-63450 
.. 155.70-155.60 
.. 14503-15423 

- 4330-43.65 
_ 73075-7.8080 
.. 1 47.50-1 4R 00 

- 13530-136.10 

- 1434-1436 



The interbank periods had 
another pretty quiet session. 
Now and again a suable deal 
was seen, bat volume overall 
was not great The best part of 
the day was the first boor or 
so. when buyers showed in- 
terest in a fair range of sterling 
CD maturities. Business in 
I straight deposits, for the most 
*** I part, did not stray beyond the 
threes. If anything, there was a 
marginally easier look to 


Clear mg Banks 10 
Finance House 10 

Dfocount Market Loom % 

Ovomntit High: 9\ Low 7 
WWk fixed; 9'S* 

Treasury BMs (Discount *ft) 

2 moth fli4 

3 mntti 9"ia 

2 mwn 9H 
3mmh 9°m 



















Prim* Bank BOIs (Discount %) 

1 moth 9 l ’i»-9 n u 2mnth 9\-9 «b 
3 With 8"irf»r 6 Orth 9ft-9”xj 
Trade BB* (Discount %) 

1 mntti 10'is 2mntfi 10ft 

3m«h 10"u 6 mrith 10ft 

Interbank (%) 

Overnight open 10ft dose 7 
1 week 6 mntti 10-9ft 

1 mrnh lM lb i» 9mruh 10-flft 

3 mntti 10-9 n * 12nnn 10- 9 ft 

Local Authority Deposits (V) 

2 days 954 7 days 9ft 

1 mntti AK 3 mntti 9 Vi 

6 mntti 9ft 12mtfi 9% 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 mrah lOVlOft 2 mntti 1054-IOft 

3 mntti 10 VI Oft 6 mntti lOVlOft 

9 mntti 10ft-1Oft 12mth 9ft-9% 
























1 mum 10-9ft 3 mntti 9*wO'3. a 

6 mntti 9"’*s-B u w 12mm 9 ll »-9'’i l 

Dollar CDs (%] 

1 mntti 6.45-6.40 3 with &45-&40 

6 moth 6.45-6.40 12mtti 8.453A0 


noils «wdl 

7 days 1 mntti 6ft-6ft 

3 mntti 654-flft 6 mntti fi’w-ff'u 

DcutodMoatk cat) 5-4 

IB Su -4 ?. 1 mntti 4", *4*1* 

16 3 mntti 4"w-4»» 6 mntti 414-4% 

rr FtanchFronc cat 7V6ft 

30 IS'ZS 1 mnth 7V714 

“ 3mntti 7V7U 6 ninth 7V7K 

— fwfani Franc caH 2V1ft 

Nov Fab l 0 *** 1 mntti 4^-4% 

3 With 4 <s w4 l, w 6 mrnh 4 l3 i#/ M ia 
eat 4Va% 

7 days S;4% 1 mntti 4V4% 

3 modi 4V4V 6 mntti 414-4 ft 

GoktSSSI .75-35235 

3 S r - 
3 « a 

8 10 29 29 » 

JUN3019M. Too* contracts 18483. CiOs 12778. PWS5707. ItedstbinOBecorift price. 

B 84.7S2fe.75 (£56.75-5730 ) 
'Excludes VAT 

Fixed Fima storting Export Finance 
Scnorna IV Average reterano* raw tor 
Intaresi period Juno 4. 1986 to 
Ju^ 1, 1906 inclusive: 9.824 par 

• GREGGS: Interim dividend 
2p ( i.65p), payable on Ocl 14, 
for the 24 weeks to June 14. 
Turnover £24.8 million (£21.38 
million). Pretax profit £911,000 
(£667,000). Earnings per share 
4.94p (3.28p). TTie results for the 
full year are expected to show a 
steady improvement on last 
time, the board reports. Greggs 
is to buy a small bakery and 20 
retail shops, trading in North 
London, for £350.000. 

The company will show a 
reduced, but still sizeable, loss in 

■ the first half, the board says. But 
the underlying trends are 
satisfactory and Cullen's expects 
a much reduced loss in the 
second half 

trary to our report yesterday.tfae 
USM prospectus for Splash 
made it dear that an interim 
dividend would not be paid. 
The company anticipates full- 
year pretax profits of more than 

• KLEARFOLD: Six months to 
June 30. Interim dividend 1.6 
cents. The directors expea to 
recommend a final of not less 
than 3.1 cents. Pretax profit 
$470,000 (£315.000). against 
$82,000. Turnover $8.2 million 
($9. SI million). Earnings per 
share 2.85 cents (6.3 cents). The 
board reports that, while the 
first-halfs results were below 
expectations, the outlook for the 
second half is more favourable. 

INVESTMENTS: Interim divi- 
dend 0.6 lp (0.53p). payable on 
Oct. 8. for the 28 weeks to July 
13. Turnover £3136 million 
(£30.5 million). Pretax profit 
£8.38 million (£7.27 million). 
Earnings per share 2.5p (2. ip). 

Contracts have been exc h an g ed 
for the acquisition of Datapro, 
which provides a bureau service 
for three main activities — data 
preparation, photocopying and 
laser printing. The price. £1.9 
million, will be in cash or, at 
Microgen's option, in new or- 
dinary shares. 

• WACE GROUPS Half-year to 
June 30 (comparisons adjusted). 
Turnover £3.3 million (£2.83 
million). Pretax profit £324,000 
(£225.000). Earnings per share: 
3.3p (3.0p) after corporation tax 
and 2.1p l2.5p) after further 
deferred tax. 

Pretax profit £3 million for the 
53 weeks to May 3 (£492,000 
loss for the year to April 27, 
1985). Total dividend 2p(0.1p). 
Turnover £65.08 million 
(£61.94 million). Earnings per 
share I0.7p (0.9p loss). 

to Feb. 1. A nominal dividend of 
O.OOlp was paid in Dec. 1985. 
Turnover £3.81 million (£4.86 
million). Pretax loss £315,000 
(profit £109,000). Loss per share 
6.89p (earnings 2.02p). 

TRUST: Half-year to June 30. 
Interim dividend 3.6p (same), 
payable on SepL 19. Pretax 
profit £86,446 (£81,192). Earn- 
ings per share 3.53p (3.44p). 


INGS: Six months to June 29. 
No interim dividend. Turnover 
£741.000. Pretax profit 
£145,000. Earnings per share 
3.36p. Comparative figures are 
not given as they would be 
misleading. There has been a 
substantial change in 
Somponex's activities. Consid- 
eration will be given to a return 
to dividends when the full-year 
figures are available. 

dividend held at 9.57p for the 
year to March 31. Pretax profit 
£7.32 million (£4.13 million). 
Earnings per share 20.9p 

PETROLEUM: Six months to 
end-June- P «*x loss £204.134 
(£595.808 loss). Turnover im- 
proved from £44 1 .0a8 lo 
£656.673. tiie board remits, 
with sharply reduced oil and gas 
prices more than onset by 
increases in volume. 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

The beerage shines up 
its defensive shield 

With not a little encouragement 
from this column (the news of Sir 
Gordon Borrie's wish to have the 
brewers again referred was broken 
first in The Times), the Director- 
General of Fair Trading has decided 
to ask the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission to investigate the tied 
public house system, which exists 
only in Britain and is the channel 
through which the major brewers sell 
more than half their beer. 

Sir Gordon is due to bite the bullet 
on Monday. 

There will then be a few days when 
the brewers could make representa- 
tions to the Department of Trade and 
Industry where lies the power to 
cancel the proceedings within a 
fortnight of Sir Gordon acting. If the 
Department did so it would be for the 
first time as far as anybody can 

The prospect or another inquiry has 
provoked a pained response from the 
Brewers' Society, which predictably is 
aghast at another MMC inquiry as the 
previous one was as “recent" as 1969. 
Predictably, the Society is inveighing 
against the reference as totally un- 
necessary and wasteful and claiming 
that Britain's pubs have a wider 
choice of beers and other drinks than 
anywhere else in the world. But it is 
precisely the lack of choice compared 
with what it might be which has 
caught Sir Gordon's attention, to- 
gether with the brewers' ability to lead 
up prices regularly each year through 
their managed houses. 

The brewers’ power is not quite 
what it was. In 1967 they accounted 
through the tied system for 78 per cent 
of on-licence outlets, which are 
mainly pubs but this is now down to 
59 per cent, as the Brewers' Society 
has been swift to point out. But having 
an armlock on well over half the 
country's pubs is still a lot of muscle. 

Seventeen years ago the MMC, 
while finding against the tied house 
system, failed entirely to recommend 
its abolition because it had not the wit 
to decide what might be put in its 
place. Should the findings be the same 
again, it is unlikely the Commission 
would suffer from the same lack of 

Furthermore, should the complex- 
ion of the Government have changed 
during the two years the inquiry is 
expected to take, the political re- 
sponse to a recommendation to end 

the tic would be rapturously positive. 
The other tie the brewers have is with 
the Conservative Party. 

This Is not the least, though not 
perhaps the most, difficult problem 
Sir Gordon poses for the present 
Government. The critical power of 
decision rests with the Department of 
Trade and Industry where presides a 
Guinness in the normally emollient 
and slightly flushed form of Paul 
Channon. He may within 14 days 
cancel proceedings under the Fair 
Trading Acl As Guinness, along with 
Bulmers and exporters of beer to this 
country, are the principal slaves of the 
tied estate and thus potentially the 
main beneficiaries if the tie were 
broken, he may have to opt out of the 

None the less, it is still a ticklish one 
for a Tory Government, which can 
normally rely on substantial support 
from the beerage. Only deep in the 
cups of electoral pessimism would 
they console themselves with the 
thought that the responsibility for 
implementing a hostile MMC report 
might not be theirs. 

Although the brewers and Brewers’ 
Society, again ironically, with a 
Guinness (Edward) at its head, seem 
monolithic in their opposition to an 
MMC investigation, appearances may 
be deceptive. Scottish & Newcastle for 
one, which sells only 20 per cent of its 
beer through tied houses, might have 
a different perspective. This could 
conceivably change if S&N were to 
acquire Courage from Hanson Trust; 
but if as in the United States and 
elsewhere, brewers were confined to 
brewing and wholesaling, the leaner, 
fitter and paler of countenance might 
stand a better chance. The smaller 
brewers also seem to hanker after a 
freer system, though major regional 
brewers might find the going harder, 
despite the antagonism felt by some 
against the high price regime the big 
brewers have succeeded in maintain- 
ing. The debate about consumer 
choice would hot up at this point. 

The main beneficiaries from 
abolishing the tied estate should be 
the independent brewers, like 
Guinness, and Scotch and gin distill- 
ers; cider and soft drink makers; and 
major exporters to the British market 
like Anheuser-Busch. But the question 
"what would the brewers do with their 
tied houses?” might have a highly 
lucrative answer. 

Riddle of US trade figures 

Currency dealers are continually 
looking for forthcoming economic 
announcements against which to buy 
or sell currencies. During the dollar’s 
climb, the weekly US money supply 
figures were regarded as vital market 
signals. This week, the dollar was sold 
in front of yesterday’s trade figures. 

The trouble is that, when the figures 
come, they are often hard to interpret. 
In the absence of in-depth economic 
analysis, dealers* general practice is 
simply to compare the actual figures 
with the average of the numerous 
brokers' forecasts that are to be had in 
London or on Wall Street But even 
this does not always suffice. 

Yesterday's trade figures provided 
another puzzle. The June trade deficit, 
at S14.17 billion, was just above the 
forecast range of $12 billion to $14 
billion and showed no significant 
improvement on the $14.21 billion 

revealed a month ago for May. The 
trouble was that the May figure was 
revised down significantly to $13.12 
billion yesterday. 

What could this mean? Was the 
trend even worse, or the May figures 
more hopeful for the dollar than 
originally thought? And since Ameri- 
can statistics are routinely revised by 
more than the odd percentage point, 
might this not happen to the June 

The market was clearly non- 
plussed. First, the dollar lost a pfennig 
against the mark, then it recovered, 
ostensibly on reassuring noises from 
Mr Paul Volcker. The lack of overall 
movement is probably slightly bearish 
for the dollar, since speculators who 
had sold the American currency short, 
in anticipation, either saw no need to 
unwind their positions or had no 
difficulty doing so. 


“In addition to our energy activities, we have a broad 
spread of other interests. This strong base, coupled with 
our financial and management resources, means that we 
can tackle problems effectively and are well set to take 
advantage of opportunities as they arise." 

(From Cfiairman'5 Statement) 

Eric Varley, Chairman 




















Earnings per share 



The main activities of the group comprise solid smokeless fuel manufacture, oil and 
chemicals’ production and processing, oil exploration, fuel distribution, vehicle building and 
distribution, transport, warehousing and snipping services, builders' merchantmg, 
.instrument manufacture, and sheep farming and trading services in ttie Falkland Islands. 



*&{* f^s 

-**s i Hr 1 ?i -ijib 

5^, §i $g 
£t*?u .|s & $ If 
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1 '5»r^ tl '*5? ,fei* ‘ 

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fe****, 421 ** 

3!* 31 M 


r«*iu >our portfolio card check voar 
aghi stare prase movement! Add them 
up to give you your overall iouL Cheek 
l"» W9M the daily dividend figure 
published on ibis page. If il matches yon 
have imhi outright or a stare of die total 
dady pn« money sated. If voq are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of ypor card. \ ou must always have 
your card available when claming. 



Equities higher 


ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began on Monday. Dealings end August 8. §Contango day August 1 1. Settlement day August 18. 

§ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

—dicdd — 

© Tins Newspaper* United 


Gaims required for 
+40 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

Indmmafa E-K 

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Brown tUalsiewJ 5 ZB 

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EnwlWM* 194 
Sioan* MO 215 

Cum*M 311 

MM|t a Ho m a n a 514 
HgMaM Dud 74 
bwer rami nn Ouu IS6 
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Minton Thomosan in 
Modena 344 

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Stroud Rik-y 

Duoas G 


Br Syphon 

Oropay Stores 


Industrials L-R 

Industrials A-D 

Flm nfih 

Dnpery Stores 




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an ?ia 

297 213 
71 S2 
177 125 
560 331 
377 294 
194 114 
77 22 

182 128 
S3 63 
975 975 
726 S31 
275 295 
91 91 

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131 94 
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385 254 
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79 42 
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190 'j 128 
433 265 


SnUtfSanJ Cons* 24 
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Bon Bra* 94 

EfcxMoyi 920 

Bum Cert* 575 

BraoOOnACtOud HB 265 

5 Df«»«g 79 

BwilJUtHI 25'; 
Brtwntefe 59 

stym iw 

Btanan 9 Halan 12 

Cu i eoraed Robey 159 
Cement- Roadstone 129 
Concur ftp 100 

C9U90I 514 

Comtryeida 491 

CrtvcK (Oarak) 170 


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F«0 93 

Do 'A' a 

Faaartrad Hag i«9 

Fnton Oo 00 

OOW 99 

Oua. t Dandy On 1» 
OHM i (MJ) 390 

HAT 127 


HfewQUI SO Ml 99 

Haywood WUMma 230 

r*9fli 3 hb m 

S»1K* Jonnoon 167 

Jvn (J| « Sam 433 

Lung (J) 435 

DO V 432 

Laeeance MMar) 114 

L8*y (fJCj 73 

UMI IVJ) 415 

Ifeput a AotMi 182 

Mattn >79 

Uartey 112*1 

Men/iefe* (Maktax) 196 

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UcAftna (Mfiad) 429 

Mayor IH 253 

Mmr (Stanley) 31 

Monk (A) 120 

Morte m j iB*M| 399 

Noungtan Book 183 

Peraenuon 219 

ftnanei IM* 99 



4 9 220 




86 1*6 




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30 146 


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• . 49 

100 57 199 
4 4 99 190 
37l 40 129 

300 52 91 
143 54 3.1 

43 5.7 139 

33 99 254 
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MOD 4 7 93 
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83 50 123 

96 91 134 

259 20 224 


48 1X2 


2.7 117 


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30 189 


96 2X4 


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2.1 349 


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738 568 

Cable A WAreien 



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319 213 

Cambridge £uc 


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1, 1 I 

57 31 




223 148 

Do 7 .A. CPF 



352 203 



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343 250 

Cray Elea 



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059 140 




65 3 0 132 

79 90 

Date EMci 


94 107 196 

190 ,47 



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395 09? 




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337 037 

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99B 32 156 

380 055 



• +9 

68 93 156 

253 ISO 

Ferae! Dad 



11 20 156 

159 109 




04 90 193 

53 25 

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07 17 17 1 

229 159 



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91 31 121 

140 90 



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114 80 

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433 205 



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219 141 Cotrta Go 190 B-1 7.1 3 7 143 

JO'j 9 Comewiad Tot* 9'j 

112 71 CcreaiR iW 59 9 4 M2 

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220 74 Cook (M*| 2» • . 94 29 159 

570 159 GOOhien 40 -9 If 1 24 125 

tO 32 COOK* |P| 70 21 3 0 393 

111 83'r Cost* tOt ■ 49 46 1&9 

425 331 Corny PCO* «08 129 32 130 

91 40 Co-on bo cnx* 62 •-! 33 SB 103 

174 121 Das MCMW1 147 -1 69 13 120 

224 169 CnMiNOHM 199 • II 3 90 109 

nC'.lia'r Cuamna 3*.N S116 'j -3 375 32 

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239 178 DJM0S 5 Mwisa 233 143 61 74 

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259 171 Dana 183 93 49 93 

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19'- 17 On* Heal 
371 190 Doom 
102 'r S3 Droion Pan 
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121 35 Donnoi W 

185 *5 

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123 1-3 

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27i 158 Eonro 190 

277 71* EJS 229 

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153 TO? 1 .- Dace 137 

29A 17* EJacmMi |AE| V £26'. 

IM S3 EAM |Bl 96 

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381 282 Dakar. CTra C»V 328 

29S 19'; Encwk ILMI « £20'. 

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342 158 Emaa 216 

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415 315 Entf 360 

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310 760 CW 305 

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75 4 1 115 

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71 69 114 

75 64 136 

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143 54 67 

107 56 124 

96 42 125 
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295 710 
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Harmon Croslek) 353 

Mcncape 375 

Jacks iwmi 33 . 

Lonmo 219 

Ocean HMson 67 

Puarson Zodi 205 

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492 340 
323 190 
191 1335 
130 87 

84 70 

518 342 
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ISO 140 

433 320 

101 75 

185 138 
331 195 
290 240 
79 58 
204 172 
82 87 

139 41 

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fiubenxJ 293 

Rugby Camara 193*1 
Stann 5 Foliar 130 

Smart (J) 03 

Tarmac 492 

Taylor Mootbow 313 

Tfeury Group 169 

Tram 9 AtoM 417 

Tiam 75 

IteiMT IM 

Wraw 331 

Wart _ 291 

Wanr aa ai (7) 99 

WUK BUB 174 

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90 7.8 190 
229 99 116 

15 7 1017 2 

90 11 137 
76 34 122 
40 49 30 

194 60 80 

200 11 140 
196 30 190 
120 42 10,4 

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90 26 119 
900 90 17 6 

13* 00 194 
120 19 139 
70 46 124 
120 29 190 

104 37 1 

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249 223 A&ng-oryt 

184 129 Anton Hm 
715 386 A«ao lagaata 
2 » 110 a*rvuy Teen 

M 11 CaA 
253 194 Canoover 
43 16 Crrmy 

29'r 17 Enafy 9 tel 

185 132 Mnibne 

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78 62 Mai Horn* LOM 

95 60 Dors. 

1*9 114 H au i MPu 

236 199 Taavteton 


135 +1 


132 -3 


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219 -1 

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♦I 100 74 57 

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170 10 752 
57 20375 

17 90 25 7 

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190 40 26.1 

118 50 Qjrton Eng 
157 100 Cawnar 
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U-.7S6S Oiaku 
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MS 250 ilonnn ka* 

182 107 Grampian Htti 
313 306 Cranaca 
10" 6'. Grovaoaa 
93 59'; HUM PlHOSte 

232 134 HM Eng 
162 126 HJfl ,U| 

265 180 man 

290 230 Manna 
41 75" Hampicn tna 

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191 141 Haneon 
ISO 145 Do 8X0* 
116 99 Do y-X Pf 
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121 «-1 

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970 +11 

312 -2 

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140 -3 

290 -2 

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110 30 94 
50 46 91 
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155 90 116 
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+2 100 36 127 

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• . 


33 ,60 


Herns lPnap( 

• . 


S3 ,10 



Hawker Seirtatey 




36 ,16 







27 76 





34 286 






52 160 






36 ,94 





40 75 



Mpgarn > Job 


.. 9 

. 2X2 


39*i AK20 H/V Bearer 
160 ABao Cauda 
291 Ananiiam 
180 Anew Cfteakcai 
toe 0 tp 
76'i Boyar DU50 
IK Bagdad 
112 Brant CTi geu 
STi Br Bans* 

82 Ctmeg (W) 

2*5 Coatte 

135 ceMtftw 

112 Do 'A' 

15 Ctvy (Horace) 

127 Oddi 

100 DOOM 

172 Qht 9 Emart 

in Evodt 

215 Fpeaco tl nu p 

113 HaWaad (Jama) 
330 Hrckaon 

. 724. HoacMI DMSO 
-73* nap Cham ud 
33S Lapona 

101 Lapp 

bill Ryan 

219 SNU BPD 258 


67 VontMara Cbm 1*1 

HI 62 Hod* 8 te 

108 a Hoe uoyd 90 • .. 

285 1*8 Hop ku eom Ml • 

120 91 Horten 101 

310 23* ttaong Aaoc 270 

115 89 Maang Group 99 ■ 

2 69 207'/ Kdcdan Wiunpoa 266 -3 

19 1 119 M 168+5 

315 J 11 Hdbon 225 

295 255 Jacksons Bourne 2S5 

132 96" Judra Man 129 -1 

615 473 Jcnraon oaanara 595 

2 18 i33 Jcnnaon Mamay 199 a+2 

4*'i 22" Jonrno n 8 FB so 1 / 

345 235 Jraanen 328 -2 

1*0 96 Jonat 6 Shpawi 129 +2 

132 87 JCkadan (Tnomaa) 113 +1 

=9 21 Kaumwo 29 

39 25 Kaun 31 +1 

325 IBB Karsay M 0M 

130 105 Kannady Smalt 116 

290 230 Karate* (A) 773 

21S 121 IBra n C -Se 200 • 

.. I .. .. 

57 90 130 
197 44 96 
56 54 91 

114 42 90 
90 80 70 

75 45 140 
10 09 417 

90 34 251 

290 52 154 

36 10 134 

. t 111 

100 30 120 
56 40 96 
IS 46 150 
26*104 9.4 
10 56 21* 
114 17 130 
20b 1.7 20.7 
21.4 70 22B 

•00 *0 130 

.. ..725 

11.1 30 M3 

*0 10 117 



270 179 Angka TV 'A* 
52 27 Grampian 

240 178 HTV HAT 
368 293 LWT Mdga 
350 199 Scot TvTa - 
290 1S3 TVS H/V 
40 31 rsw 

243 215 Tharaaa TV 

229 P+5 


ai 50 13.1 
U 92 M 
114 50 90 

210 60 118 
150 40100 

143b 61 106 
20 50 124 

431 328 Grand Mat 385 

298 209 Kennedy Brookes 230 
3B^ 312 Uotroka 3*7 

5*5 447 LOn tell H ote l* 520 
100 IB'j Mount Chariona 89 

105 67 Prmce Of W HdMM 97 

79 SB'r Omen* UoM 67 *J 

*05 370 Savoy Hated 'A* 373 

81 59 Saks 99 

209 MS Truuhoura Fon* 154 

+2 136 IS 126 

+7 21 09 11 9 

-6 191 40166 

.. MJ 20 156 
-S 20 20 147 

• .. 21 24 157 

20 34 140 

SO 10147 

• +1 10 29 16.0 

70 61 160 

39 22 LDM 3* 

159'. ttO" Leo 129 

323 218 Lanl 2*4 

75 *2 Late. 54 

77 41 La* (Am**) 73 

34 iB Lit aeara 2i 

113 63 LUatfMI 108 

86 6* Unread 78 

73 53 LkVyd (FHI 57't 

35 23 Lockar (T) 23 

230 179 Un Utend 166 

US 59 DOW 101 

77 58*i ton 6 NOW! 71 

227 159 LOn Infl 190 

233 134 Ipnpon M 223 

490 319 U>m S Borer 421 

398 308 UL nogs 399 

115 6* MS M 112 

50 1 . 33 MV Noams *0 

3S3 ZS5 Macamys Pnarm 973 

160 121 Mad a nane 139 

79 *3 itaaaran (P«W) 55 

288 195 Me* acorn 212 

is 79 Magnolia 113 

095 *95 Hdnoanar Snai «65 

79 52 Manganese Bronx* 5* 

86 fl* Martng 85 

1*3 55 tkrstei (LO-lay) IS 

85 85 Marsnaas llm 72 

178 105 Metal Boa 178 

IB* i2B Macai Ooawas 151 

91 55 Mwa t te 80 

3* +1 05 1 5 206 

129 S . ISA 30 SI 
2*4 +1 96 06 98 

5* 30b 50 97 

73 •+4 , i 30 40 104 

21 +1 150 

108 +3 32 ID 208 

79 06 4.7 80 

BT'i b-'r 54 80 90 

23‘j 16 91 96 

199 -I 142 7 2110 


71 +1'| 74 104 124 

190 +2 58 15 160 

223 P+IO 57 26 169 

-2 116 12 136 

+1 11 lb 26 21 7 

+7 07 06 160 

+3 116 36 192 

U u >80 

27 46 102 

140b 67 102 
46 « 2 TO* 

96 13225 
+1 40 <7 70 

26 10 79 
-1 U 42 9.7 
29 40 170 
+3 60 39 . 

-4 9 9 9 * 226 

12 * 0 1 I 6 

50 5 0 126 

110 66 9 0 
+7 12.1 4 7 MS 

33 +'» 01*03 171 

IBS +1 100 8 0 50 

06 -1 1 1 3 I 545 

1*8 • 103 7 0 123 

IX +» 10 00 41.9 

47 14 10 52 B 

2*5 4t+7 130 54 11.7 

+2 116 6.1 120 






22 27*0 

24 3495 

30 35*3 

30 1503 

2.7 1448 

10 303* 

10 1319 

183 99 Aleaon 168 

99 62 AgUBteuWt 'A* 64 

99 7V BaatM (Jamaa) 'A' 90 

708 OS Barters 140 

19 7 Bucks Lara 9 

660 -17 Boo, Sbop 585 

62 «0 Bramnar 48 

$3 41 Ca*k e t |S) *2 

*00 306 Duran 39* 

564 42b Coats Vtyede 404 

269 MS Gonctned EngMn 211 

152 118 Come ffirn) 178 

365 210 OAKS smp*en 'A* 210 

99 « Duns (U) 82 

438 216 IXaoni Grp 334 

518 348 OimbM 485 

I» 73 Bb* A C Wd nnm in 

715 600 By* (Wimcledon) 900 

220 134 Empire Store* >B2 

27* 194 Eton 2*4 

135 38 ExteuMm CWNt 128 

179 105 tee An Ow 162 

133'; 5) Fort (Mubn) 69 

199 183 FomteUT 193 

464 310 Fraaman* 419 

178 97 GUWIAJ) 160 

94 5* GatSA 79 

150 09 Goksbefg (A) 142 

232 172 GokMmmGp 196 

MS 304 Granin 508 

14'rBSO GUS Ell'i 

II’/ 721 DO -A- no 

307 190 Hans O uwara y 230 

S 25 Hmn* Of Louden 29" 
7B Hcd * t 40 

162 IK House 01 LorpH 145 

132 110'/ LCP 
228 135 La* Cooper 

S3 £ tSS3, w 

231 193 Maras A Spenser 
350 283 Manse* (Mm) 

214 112 MSS Hawsagant* 209 


191 KB Ratnara (£S*ral »i 

370 220 Roed (AuauV 350 

179 135 DO A IO 

44 31 S A U Store* 37 

1 * 8 '.- iK Seers 117V 

364 234 Stel JWM) A' W* 

72 *7 Da B B 

90 65 Sartoy (AG) 76 

98 74 Stead A S enp *C" A 88 

365 2*6 SMMUl 3» 

»■• 19 Srtrmgud 17 

42 27 Sunaie Dm 31 


m •-’* 

EM" • J - 


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179 ■ 



216 **3 

351 +1 

58 -'1 

490 -1* 



352 -5 

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121 4-1 

552 ♦« 

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SS IS ?2 

£§ I? SI 

20 46 196 

139 53 
206 5.7 

3* *0 116 

60 01 

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29.1 70 9* 

19 30120 
lODn 40 a0 
190 5.4 70 
33 i7 ■ 
17? 37 200 

25.7 36 W0 
gj)B 9* 90 

394 80 205 


US *7 113 

523 413 SiaMrtrug SttM *30 

75 29 TerrvCOrtUUe M 

90 '> SF'j Tana tedircla 73 
190 ’JO lip Top Dug JW 

IM iSf Dnpenrpoda 173 

370 173 Ww Group M 

542 235 WUWM 529 

178 96 WpMa ISO 

925 400 WDtMrti 530 

4 8 27 110 
30 50210 
30 *2 120 
30 24299 

30 05 57 4 

0.7 10 350 

111 20 240 
9J 24 190 
17 15 329 

31 74 91 

121 14 144 

17 1 26 140 

90 40190 

97 50 70 

98 4.1 9.1 

13 15171 

40 10 230 

79 10 190 

{ 5 10 11 J 
a 23 212 
* 10 17.B 

1 25 174 

9 13 94 
9.7 00 190 

90 45 99 
IOO 24 174 
7.7n 40 MS 
14 10 454 

57 *0 17.7 

10 7 55 190 

98 17 224 

300 20 117 

300 10 103 

69 29 180 
23 97 96 
11 70 12.1 

120 93 105 

58 70 173 

1.1 35 230 

94 53 164 . 

80 11 a* 
11.1 10 237 

10.7 . . 

50 20 217 
18 1 9 143 

29 14 590 

92 10 290 

5 1 26 21.7 

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lit 4.1 191 
1 0 1 4 190 

55 51 919 

40 23 199 
79 20 305 
79 50 135 

40 *3 15.1 

99 3.1 150 
1 7n 12 134 
16 4.7 125 

51 50 160 

113 14 170 

24 M313 
110 10 100 

260 178 AAH 240 

ZB 160 AGS Oilmen 167 

1Z7 95 AIM 113 

671 563 APV 596 

110 ao Aaronaon 97 

369 172 Ann ear 222 

343 207 Alexandra Wuiajr 310 

IM 144 Ahenaac 159 

775 ISO Alter kw 250 

403 170 Appladara 175 

47 12 Araneon 40 

32 73 Armour 28 

*40 355 AU1 A Lacay 410 

91 49 Airaay a 

530 255 An ft Eng 6X 358 

93 37 'r Airara 82': 

073 283 Aron Rubber 341 

BB *3 Ayraara Marat 56 

790 138 BBA 2S 

*55 383 BET Wd 413 

85 B3 SET EC 62 

389 Z77'i BOC 810 

352 237 BTH 2S8 

ZK 148 Beooock 186 

29*. 19 Benny (CH) 17'/ 

*33 290 Bsrt [Wm) 360 

310 218 Baker Petite 280 

2)0 129 Benra Ind 180 

17* 112 Batumi 153 

«S 190 Beno- Hand 237 

57 40 Beno. 53 

305 180 Banon Tranapen 275 

32 21 Baynes rcnenesl K 

241 138 Sattson CMt 198 

99 *7 Beautora 80 

830 151 Beozer [CH) 2>6 

4*3 318 Btacnam *08 

11.1 46 115 
90b 5.7 27 9 
92 70 12.7 
190 10 110 
60 68 90 

112 50 142 

90 20 199 

ii'i 40 ii a 
as *0 97 

00 19 91 

03 11144 

299 7.0 110 

78'/ 57'j Macntf Con S7'» -1-, &i iQB 59 

125 70 Mecnaasamers 110 • . S3 5 0 120 

198 183 MOMS ITS 110 60 90 

318 212 Morgan CrtlObb 280 +7 12.1 4 7 MS 

42 20'r m e p rend 33 +■> 01*C3i7l 

219 159 Hal (J) IBS +1 100 8 0 50 

4) 39 Na«m*n not 36 -1 1 1 3 1 546 

153 92 Herm a n TO"** 148 • 103 7 0 i23 

133 66 Noble A LOM IX +1 10 00 4)0 

65 40 Noban 47 14 OOS2B 

299 189 Noraae 245 4t+7 130 5* 11.7 

259 203 OtoBeaUaob 2» . 121 66 9 0 

*48 2*7 Parte Kno4 'A 390 -3 150 IS 1*2 

960 S2S tenjfi JT *60 .. .. 

185 170 M 170 

003 380 Pearson S08 +2 140 26 170 

27 11 Peek IB ... *62 

135 Bi P aanass 123 90n 70 196 

674 332 r.jirllteod) 622 +3 298 40 112 

520 1*0 Perpend Ind 415 • 1 1 03 235 

14 775 PN OM Me £13 +1 70 06X7 

*93 311 Pduipon 413 ra-5 190 47 109 

121 66 9.0 
160 IS M2 

140 10 17 0 

90* 70 196 

49 19 Berte « +1 

241 229 BenelgrtfSAW) 240 *0 

1*8 BS BmeSortS K +1 

138 100 Bwk IX • . 

542 214 Bemul 517 

820 310 Banoal 593 

SS5 2*0 BOby W 240 

res 140 Mdb iw 

IS 78 BderaWI 103 

153 94'; Bnrad QuUcasl 139'/ •+'/ 

200 105 Bmrwinriim Ur* 183 • . . 

17* 1*7 BMCfc Arrow 150 -3 

ITS • .. 99 40 97 

40 09 16 91 

29 +1 00 11 144 

410 . . 299 7.0 11.9 

m .9 404 

358 +8 11.4 12 

62'j +1 14 22 97 

341 +1 99 20 120 

55 -I 20 62 5.7 

22 +19 19 13 310 

413 229 66 121 

a 26 40 94 

310 •-* 14.1 *6118 

2S8 -3 93 20 206 

185 +1 109 66 130 

17'/ +U . . 199 

380 .. 180 Si 120 

280 «+1 107 38 100 

IW -6 80 40137 

153 -1 20 1.9 191 

237 -20 .. . 

53 16 B8J20 

27$ 25 7a 90 94 

22 19b 90 .. 

196 +7 10 7 5 4 138 

80 -T 11 90 12 

216 +9 80 20 15 8 

409 9*1 17.1 «2 160 

48 +1 is 00 097 

365 195 Puna* 290 

323 21 s Porter OaUattn 305 

314 239 Po-e* Outwyn 278 

164 95 P t—wecft H fags 106 

190 1*9 RHP I 81 

159 i?3 Raourw Meat 1*5 

599 471 Rank Og 48* 

239 116 Ransom* Sms 189 

139 98 Raukffs Hat Bna Os) >29 

900 SOS RodoB A Colmen 794 

245 1 19 n adta a m Glass 198 

3*3 200 FUed Eucuora 336 

2X162'. R**d Ira 2*3 

173 IX 158 

91 57 Ronald 75 

160 110 Rcarno Eng 1*8 

90 S3 Rcnara (Leras) 95 

59 IS Bcrwrtson M«St 39 

152 83 Rooenaon Dos S3 

3*3 ihl RoMtson (Thames) 3X 

55 30 Roc*-** 43 

150 IM Raoner 135 

1*9 120 Op 'A' 12 a 

3 05 Rotepnm 2 'j 

162 119 Rotortt IX 

130 96 Russol (A) 99 

*0 62 135 

290 *5 1 95 39 125 

305 +2 15 95 

273 e-8 217 79201 

106 *2 10 09 228 

181 94 90 134 

1*5 36 ZS 99 


-7 229 

• *2 19 

+3 6* 


-3 66 

94 95 134 

36 20 99 
220 46 171 
71 40 136 

36 29 40 
229 29 17 1 
29 15 119 

64 19 150 

13'. 4 ** 
57'/ 32 
56 93 

40 73 

41 22 

199 120 

*25 238 
160 90 

21'. 9X 
356 228 
69 *1 

53* 419 

531 3M 

200 105 


Ok »• 
7'. 2'* 
255 IS) 
59* 258 
2C5 129 
195 BS 
390 218 

a" r. 

9 AV 
213 93 

75 19 

Vi »'• 

10 A 
TO 1 * 5* 

478 353 
93 35 

375 170 

159 91 

9>i a - . 

3» 175 
91 *T; 

17/ 5* 

Vi 9 m 

160 66 

13" S’. 

4io ire 

1E7 64 

28 15 

IX S3 
25/ |4'.- 
26 S’; 

$ 5’. 

656 460 
5‘. 2: 
142 73 

** 25- 
22* WH- 
IM 90 
289 2D» 
25 »’• 

445 175 

69 « 

298 Z25 
791 511 
7»t II 
10'.- 5X 
168 70 

31 T4 : * 

559 273 

139 80 
IX 75 

560 300 
59': 3l’j 

5*4 233 
105 SO 
90 IS 
17 ID’; 
5*5 289 
310 128 
29>* 15 
195 114 
265 113 

140 80 
17" 7'/ 
56 20 
16': 10" 
99 36 


Am Ham 





Cur Boyd 
Cong Goeil 

Da Basra 



B Ora 

E Rad Goto 

E Rand Prop 
FS Da* 
C a * «r Tri 
Gen Mmg 

GM utgnrt 




k mi |ia n Ibn ai u 
Meius Exn 


ted Mrraa Lid 

Reno tees Prop 

R en os an taei 



SA Land 

Sung* Bosr 
v*u Root* 


woitarn Area* 

Western Deed 
Wbsram Mrnmg 
Won Rind Coat 
vam Creak 
M edi 
Wn regal 
Zamoa Cogger 

-35 5*0 94 „ 

-2 448 130 .. 

-2': 271 6.7 .. 

» . . 142 60 . . 

> . . 142 60 . . 

.. 47 5 313 

-25 790 3X2 

-S 260 3Q8 
-X 282 25.7 

-5 350 90 WJ 

41 180 *9 
-13 40 30 

-X 920 219 
-X 116 170 

-re . ... 

-36 120 4 0 

66 13 136 
-10 140 14.7 .. 

-a 290 120 .. 

-■1 60.0 

67 0 
-'r 460 

-5 200 

-10 540 

-k 628 

-18 170 

-a 345 
96 0 
a-'. 40.0 
-6 3S0 

-'* 115 


-to iao 20 

-X 230 77 

120 63 52 
551 161 .. 

31 4 50 72 

260 4.4 440 
125 210 .. 
190 231 .. 
118 70 .. 

-15 46.0 TX2 . 
—2*1 556 169 .. 

.. 5*0 210 .. 

-6 1X0 300 .. 

•S 40 120 *8 

-25 67 0 22> ” 
-7 230 150 

-X 171 10* .- 
-1 00 23 

-10 120 100 .. 

13* 85 BUgrava 13* 

X2 218 B*on(P> M* 

595 440 Bradford 545 

198 144 Br Land 173 

170 136 Brcdon l6l 

46 36 Caro (A) ASon* *3 

233 218 CM A Counaw 233 

290 300 Carratf Plop 280 

199 168 Cantrormaal 178 

««S *10 Cnmnertte 465 

870 780 CALA 095 

171 131 Oa/ka Mub 156 

279 16* ConnMs 255 

20 M Cranial San 16': 

1*0 99 CMiVy A New 122 

177 117 County B 173 

255 175 Cunra 255 

755 *70 Daqui 660 

10 9 DUO* 18'; 

ITS 145 Estates A Agmrv 145 

’20 47 Eganon Truu 93 

■20 ’05 EunnOen M2 

101 1*0 Estates Prop 101 

’J? 83 E-mWlMd* 108 

70 X FneOokS 63 

t— rornena 


N H wcodGp 

• +9 &4 40 144 

• 171 59 146 

• . 154 26 186 

• »3 *0 25 146 

81 50199 

96 37 21 jB 
.. 26 0.9 .. 

*5 &6 4 9 264 

.. 17.1 31 na 
. . 25.7b 30 116 

+5 8.0 50 238 

-3 60 2* Ml 


■ +1 27 12 264 

58 33 58 
60 3* 578 

■ 200 30 134 

• ' 40 30520 

• 07 06 

36 32 232 
12 I 9.7 156 

• SJ 53 121 

+1 .00 

-2 10 1 40 119 

*00 204 Hwnora Country— io3'D 

495 432'/ Hammeraui 450 

485 417* Do A' 4*0 

240 IX Hanoror Druce 2*6 

325 233 Hardanger 303 

375 2JO tmry 3S5 

185 155 Jermyr. 1 85 

320 273 Ling Prop 300 

76 54 Land ftnmtors 78 

349 170 Land 5KWIMS 326 

695 359 Lon A Edm Ta 840 

266 147 DdB’/k. 2*7 

268 210 ton A Pro. Snap 2*8 

175 T5l Lon Snop Prop |73 

353 29B tetei 3*Q 

380 275 *fePC 338 

126 90 MOnareay 100 

118 105 Moray Sacs 110 

59 *4 Mar* neon 50 

200 125 Menvaii Moore 200 

77 60 Manooreuai 71 

555 173 Manor Eu 5*0 

10 510 Mounoelgh £10 

775 364 Uoteevmr 720 

108 82 Kcum (AAJ) 103 

20 IS’; MuncpU £ 18-7 

ix 73 NMI Cavsndrti 12 s 

as 43 Panmara 83 

282 255 Paaoiey 277 

245 72’/ PnoM Manans 2*5 

230 1TB Prop A Rav 229 

155 107 Proo nogs 145 

127 106 Prop Sacuray i2* 

13'. 8'. BagMn 12': 

860 320 FJegrtan 575 

645 3>3 Roietuuon 625 

Rush A (dngtre 270 

297 253 Rusn A fompkn 
772 153 Sanaa! 

103 7H San Mm 
183 1*2 SOugi EStUM 
445 280 Spey"*-* 

173 144 Sund Secs 
94 66 5t0£*lM 
59 45 Town tonne 

260 ise Traffort Pun 

1*8 95 UK Land 

000 525 UlO Real 
985 675 Warner 
6 i0 475 tvarreort 
28 17’.- wood kies) 

175 142 Wes! A Country 

94 50 22.1 

XI 10 470 

+5 1X6 31X0 

• 50 20 2X7 

ISt 50 115 

+45 XI 13 57.7 

• 19 16 810 

100 13 1X1 

1.7 20 430 

+4 HO 0711 
-5 10.7b 1 7 230 

-2 93 30 

.. 8.7 17 219 

7 6 4 4 209 

• 10* 31 251 

+5 1X7 40 21.6 

+2 49 40 20* 

31 62170 

*S 39 10 199 

OB 13 378 
+10 *3e 09 530 

b . . 143 l 4 129 

b .. 71 10 11 0 

74 72 150 

173 09 383 
17 1.4 55 1 

-2 13 18 120 

121 4*360 

+5 64 20 38.6 

+3 40 29X0 

36D 28 269 

.. 01 OB 

5 7 1.0 29B 

+10 11 02 

109 40 11.9 

-5 94 33 403 

i-t 59 80 215 

79 40 173 
k 13 a 3 5 204 
» .. 60 30 197 

1.4 17 310 
166 70 150 

*40 200 23 360 
-5 279 30399 

+20 24 J 4!?13 
0 7 27 920 

11 4 98 90 



-3 66 40 127 

19 39 105 

5.7 55138 

-14 54 119IJ 

♦ I 14 4.0 113 

+1 4 1 20 162 

-5 *3 5.1 94 

. . . . 170 

30 39 109 

*7 . 4X0 

. . . 10 2 

90 69 93 

90 70 60 


-2 7 7 &6 1D0 

20 20 240 

250 IX 
IM 78 
141 70'/ 

53 . 04'; 

259 179 Black (Peur[ __ 

„ « ^od HPdg. ig „ ,0030 60 

400 IBS Bhie A/rora 356 U+3 £0 06 2X9 

335 187 Bcoycota 300 ..90 19 111 

™ S -® W.l 4.7 1X7 

2 re 220 BOMS - 258 +i 101 X9 150 

2*'| B 1 / BotAton (WnA IB'.- -*/ . 

353 256 BONW 305 130 40 180 

22'. IB*. Bovrarar few £17': 

70 7.9 400 
XI 4.7 290 

98 1.7 290 

99 16 440 

• 6 4t» MB 
14 16X8 
50 *0 110 

a, 44 130 
96 50 96 
7.1 47 97 

24 10 220 

140 13 90 

» IT SI 29'/ +1 13* ?9 63 

074 214 Sue Taney 233 +1 93 4 0 115 

99 X BS 10 29 5*0 

90 49 Sate Gorton PI 79 36 40 192 

523 373 Scape 496 • +9 173 19 11 6 

Ml 103 Scott Greorewm 123 U+3 4.7 18 US 

195 ire Scar Hraraa 170 O 15 M8 

179 94 5cod A Robertson ,55 19 26 1X0 

164 122 Ssarew 10* 17 1*32.* 

IS* 108 Do 'A' 109 16 10 »X 

164 99 Sacuray Sere ,07 3 4 If*" 

52 29 Semo/ Eng «'/ . 1* 50 Ol 

IX 75 SN*on ,20 +* 39 32 63 





BLanei Brtx 

ftomafe (CD) 

Br ruioseaee 
Br Car Aucfeons 

Gome (T) 

Dava (Gootay) 


FR Grout 

Ford M3=r 
Gu*S (Frink G) 
Goner* Motor 
GunMd Layoenc* 
Hcraa Mobst 

■2P ar 



Pfwaar* ffl B) 
Oura* |HJ) 

-4 74 30 158 

71 X6 S9 
.. 20 1.7 17 1 

+V» 10 X* 1*0 

111 30 180 

+15 22-6 *6 103 

> . . SO 4 1 114 

• -1 79 36 ■ 

+4 50 18 91 

• .. 64 60 B0 

+2 78 36 150 

+$ 5* 

+0 4 6 15X7 

• -3 70 3 B 

43 5.7 95 
-7 2X0 110 

i .. aa i'iii‘4 
-a X9 os . . 
-2 ,23 24 100 

61 40 96 

+1 30 20 151 

♦7 1X1 49 176 

7 6 4 7 103 

1X7 29 106 
X4 XS 110 
I 64 93 9* 

41 50,16 

^2 3 1 *0 100 

•2 10 02 1X3 

312'. 197 
396 253 
366 230 
9* 56 

603 480 
76 54'.- 

12'; 5 
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221 180 
576 ;» 
165 86 

348 132 
390 360 


amoc Sr tew 270 

Br Common -earn 261 
Ceteocno 233 

F^nw i jamesl 72 
Greg Sio 

Jocoos 10) 75 ( 

iCrtey Docks J* 

Ocean Turns pon 018 

PtODH *91 

R uncman (Waaar) 165 
Tcncok 330 

lurrate Scon 375 

7 1 28 140 

71 07 1X3 

7 1 3 0 409 

47 95 131 

214 40 65 

Si 7,650 

93 43 100 

229 4 7 1*1 

71 *3 260 

SJ 16 204 
119 1*516 

,23 75 Bream 

3*3 319 greater 325 +2 179 56 ,4.4 

97 - 62 Pre oe u y 92 30 36 100 

*7'r 33' ; SSHPU «■» • 2.1 *6 222 

» » WOUId Op *2 06 10 280 

199 M0 Bnden 180 7.1 44 90 

21* 139 BnquHkmy 209 +2 74 XS 1X4 

«• BrlS^T&y Agp 125 .. t4 1.18X0 

?2 ’£ - ? Mni 240 *' 10 11-* A0 104 

12 .£ Ui 43 36 121 

323 196 Or Vba 317 +3 100 12 1X6 

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+» 229 X8 M4 



398 190 AB EMM 355 

191 120 *trmtnc ,6, 

q* X Anand IX 

93 5? Aorcot Ccmpuure W 

06 S Artm BB 

300 205 NbttQup 283 

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M anagement educa- 
tion is well and 
truly under the mi- 
croscope at the mo- 
ment. Several 
important reports either have 
been published recently or are 
currently under way. It may soon 
be on the operating table. As I see 
it, the situation regarding manage- 
ment education is rather similar to 
that for which the Review of 
Vocational Qualifications Work- 
ing Group, which reported to the 
Department of Education and the 
Manpower Services Commission 
in May, was invented to provide a 
solution in the vocational ansa. 

In other words, there is a 
considerable array of provision, 
but it is ill-oiganized, and there is 
much overlapping and no dear 
sense of direction. 

Speaking for my profession, the 
chartered secretaries, we would 
doubt the need for additional 
provision. What is required is the 
better organization of what we 
have. Having said that, we think 
there is advantage in multiplicity 
of provision in very different 
forms. A iota] transfer to a 
privatized sector might well mean 
that courses would be arranged 
mainly to suit tbe needs of 
individual large-scale businesses 
and the result would be more 
training than education. 

One must also consider the 
different levels of management 
education. There is a need for 
qualitative as well as quantitative 
assessment We can well see a 
place for the Diploma of Manage- 

ment Studies and, indeed, differ- 
ent forms of it provided in 
different colleges, but it is by no 
means the total answer. 

Indeed, we think that one of the 
fundamental problems is not so 
much the provision of manage- 
ment education as the general 
level of education of those who 
have in recent years gone into the 
commercial/industrzal sectors. 
Much depends on the level al- 
ready available for tbe superimpo- 
sition of management education 

We also think that too many are 
going into management education 
with an experience in 

business hoping that in some 
miraculous way management edu- 
cation wilt transform them into 
general managers as a result of a 
single coarse. 

Equally, there are many large 
businesses where what is not 
required is a very broad Master of 
Business Administration ap- 
proach. Tbe need is for something 
much more specific and con- 
cerned with the development of a 
well established and organized 
business rather than what is 
required if major radical changes 
are to be introduced. 

Our experience is that many 
MBA courses — and, to some 
extent, DMS courses — spend a 
good deal of time with relatively 
elementary business studies edu- 
cation which ought to have been 
done at a much earlier stage 
through qualifications such as our 
own. No doubt this is necesaxy to 
bring the managers attending the 
course to a similar level before* 

Success today will 

depend on getting 

our management 
education in all its! 

aspects organized. 

says Barry Barker 

starting on what the course 1ms to 

We fed that what is perhaps 
lacking more than anything is the 
basic education in business studies 
which could well be taken on 
board at an early stage partly 
through tiie school and university 
system, but just as well in the early 
years of work in commerce and 

This does not mean anything 
tike the narrow skills base of the 
BTEC (Business and Technician 
Education Council) type of quali- 
fication. It is concerned with 
providing a knowledge base on 
which much more can be tnuh 
from the experience itself of 
management and then post-expe- 
rience management courses. 

Whether this is to be provided 
in the public or private sector does 
not seem to us to be a particularly 
important point Both will be 
needed and some competition is 
not a bad thing. What is required 
is that the Dep ar t m e n t of Educa- 

tion, the Manpower Services 
Commission and anyone else 
the provision should 

a suitable matrix, of provi- 

icafly and uftenns of vtlume^k” 
In the BTEC-type course there 
is probably an over-emphasis on 
sfdlls and employer lead, and at 
the university level there is per- 
haps a similar nni wiau plmh OQ 
the academic as opposed to the 
practical, and the involvement of 
employers is a good deal less. The 
system is all there; what is 
required is someone to organize 
and lead it 

S kills of analysis and communi- 

cation take many years to develop 
' e whole 

and are a part of the 
education system. They are not 
skills which can be imparted in 
very short management or, in- 
deed, other courses. On the other 
hand, management skills and 
techniques can and should be 
taught at a quite early stage. 

Beyond that, one is dependent 

already acquired, 
management education can to 
some extent create a hothouse in 
which the relevant experience can 
a rtificiall y be induced or simulat- 
ed, and the provision can be more 
systematic and orderly than is 
likely if tbe individual is left to foe 
normal coarse of a career in 
commerce and industry. 

It is one of the weaknesses of 
most professional bodies that they 
tend to equip an individual for his 
or her profession, but do not turn 
professionals into managers. 

What has happened in local 
government is an obvious exam- 
ple. Attempts to identify, as it 
were, tbe “management" dimen- 
sion in a professional coarse as if it 
can be separated out and ’‘taught** 
generally seems to fell and many 
are still searching for ways m 
which to convert the relatively 
nar rowly trained and educa t ed 
“professionals** into “managers”. 
What the professional bodies can 
and should do is to ensure that the 
tools techniques of manage- 
ment, quite apart from, and in 
addition to, the professional work, 
would be part of their courses. In 
our institute we have made a point 
of that for some years and lave 
acce n t u ated tbe emphasis since 
the information technology 

With the best will in the world, 
it is difficult to gauge employers’ 
needs and we were impressed with 
the remark of the Standing Con- 
ference of Employers of Graduates 
in a recent report “There will 

never be a united front on 
employers* needs (except on such 
issues as transferable personal 
skills) because there is a wide 
range of interests and needs. The 
message is likely always to be 
fragmented.” It must follow tig 
course provision must also be 
diverse. ’ ■ _ . 

We believe that the woods of 
aradfiwe, vocational e ducat ion 
and training and management 
education need to be brought 
doser together and that institu- 
tions should not be created which ' 
will have the effect of isolating any. 
one of them. 

ptacei somefoing 

derichesse, one ■ 

a nMwrt on postgra d u at e.! 

W e now sense a 
change in attitude; 
not only at the 
council for Nation-' 
al Acad emic 
Awards, but also at the university 
level generally. .That is to .be 
wholeheartedly welcome and we* 
make no reference to the circum- 
stances which have brought those 
changes about. . ■ 

Equally, our experience is that 
employers are becoming more 
wining to accept the priorities of 
public sector management educa- 
tion and not to put quite such a 
heavy emphasis on taking the 
generally educated . . and 
endeavouring to do the training 
for themselves and for their own 
purposes- ' 

In the Hinrate, it is encouraging 
that die provision of management 
education « being studied serious- - 
ly. We are aware of no less than 
eight studies of management edu- 
cation-related matters now lairing 

on behalf of the tcononuv 
Social Research Cq^^ 1 ^^. 
Conference of Umvetaj 
aaament Schools wa* pubhsbedin, 

1 More recently, ® Fcbl1 S^S 
year, tbe.CNAA 
Business and ManagemcmJwKK 
ies produced a position veperirt 
management education and to 

puMc sStor. : 

form rf a number of oprions fw* 
rationalizing the provision 
management education by unxver-; 


shies, .polytechnics and f 
With! a consensus growing that- 
ratfonatizatron must come, _ we, 
would expect the suggestions’ 
made in the CNAApaper to to 
acceptable, but we are stiD [doubt-* 

fid as to who. if anyone, willgrasp> 
the nettle and take the lead. - , 

Presumably, if can omy . to 
preferably a combmatron of the. 
Department of - Educ ation; and*. 
. Sqmk* and the Manpo wer S cr^ 

• vi ces ’ Cominiw ou-- A : matnx;oB 
p rovisio n needs t o he agreed. [ l : ■ 

"Wf * have had a ffltiL iA of. 
.academfe ed^foo^ Jfortrfanyj 

tninhg^ We are now kxtkm gforfc 
third matrix — for management; 

education.. • ; - -T" i' 

' ' •• " • 

Sorry Barker is chief i 
secretary of the Infra — ^ 
tered ■ . Secretaries j 



-sTL * ,w *' 

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« ‘ : 



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Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

... -sa* vn 

Exciting new marketing opportunities 
offering career development. 

ICL is expanding its successful third party 
marketing organisation. 


Development Managers c£30K + Car 

\£lue added reseller market 
Canyon offers 

* Third ferty Marketing skills preferably with a major 

* Sales/Marketing Skills. Ability to formulate strategies. 
Communicate and negotiate at high ieveis 

* Sound knowledgeofa Major UK Market segment 
eg Retail. Financial Services 

* CDOS/UIMIX market understanding 

Account Managers C20K+ Car 

Ifecaitly introduced -a range of Collaboration agree- 
ments. Designed to encourage leading software companies 
to develop their products for distribution via id sales force 
or the dealer network. 

Candidates must have 

* Sates/negotiating skiffs 

* Business management experience 

* Ability to manage projects 

Marketing Manager £21K + Car 

The Software Indusdy Development Centre is Idsshop 
window to the industry The aim is to substantially increase the 
portfolio of Software Products available on Id Hardware. 

Do you have ability to promote the Industry Centre 
implementing marketing initiatives and have experience/ 
knowledge of 

* Software Industry including CDOS/UNIX 

Marketing Manager £20K + Car 

First of its type - The "Software Agency Agreemenf. 
Formulated to market third party Software Productsvia Id 
sates force. 

The Candidate must have 

* Knowledge of software industry 

* Commercial awareness 

* Ma rketing experience in DP industjy 

For further details and immediate interview phone SAUYKNIGHTC3N on 01-244 8577. MK Associates (Recruitment] Lid,, 
Bolton House. 194 Old Brampton Road, London SW5 GAS. 

ICL is an equal opportunities employer. 

. .• v- ■ -s 


Vtf • 

An outstanding opportunity for an 

City c. £21,000 

British Telecom plans to expand As Company Secretarial 
Department to meet the needs of a growing information 
technology group of companies and for business . 
development within the organisation as a whole. 

Thesuccessful c an didate will be responsible for 
specific aspects of ihe Department's work which involve 
the provision of full company secretarial services to 
several subsidiaries (both m the UK and overseas^.and 
monitoring British Telecom's interest s m joint ventures, 
subsidiary companies and special a s si g nm ents. 

Candidates should be qualified as a Chartered 
Secretary, Sofiator or Barrister and have gained wide 
experience of all aspects of Company Secretarial work in 

.. .’* . . •' !*/• --< . 

. :v- .*;*^'"--- r ’- •'••‘v ■ t '-~ 

■ * * :..•’-* • ,U. t ; 

a large company or co mme rc i al legal practice. Tliey wffl , 
cfeo rteed detenrwtation,irafiative arid the abffityta. . 

ccwnmuracate effectively at atflevels. The Htely age remga . 
a between 27-40. * . : 

of benefits. 

lb apply; please wrftq, withfuti Cy toi-Arm Hubert^ ; 
Management Recnatmenf-ymb 
Room 26/ 48, Euston Towec 286 Euston Rood, . 

London NW1 3DGt . ’"l /■ “,j ‘ 

British Telecom is cm equal oppraluriifies employef: ' 

'.r-r i 
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hFCS not 
nose ri arisran 


is itoJd tin jam 
itfODacnZei v 
dl BT s Ua 
fogg mow. 

M tab uTai 

hmI DtScar, Biyat 
«■* if effiatex 
iw wd if w 1 
\ih* * i 
Vk a^cnV 

We should be talking to each othec 




For years many of us have been involved in the day to 

day necessities of living that we have given trtUe thought 

to how we migit enhance our careers. 

We are just too busy working to make the time to find 
our true vocation, this is a paradox which usually 

results in a feeling of watting to change but not 

knowing howto go about it. 

Chusjd Lander can change an that . 

We are a group of specialist career 
consultants whose sole function is to guide 
experienced executives rate you to achieve your 
personal and financial ambitions. 

We guarantee that we win commit our time 
and effort until you are satisfied that your career 
objectives have been realised. 

Fix thirty years we have been striving for the best 
/>•/ Now itS your turn! 

Telephone us to arrange a confidential personal 

assessment without obligation, or wrifp to 

The Administrator Ref. B ^ 7 A , 
35/37 Fteroy Street London W1P SAF. 









01-580 6771 



in Direct Marketing 

Christian Brann Limited is the only company in the 
UK to offer full -service Direct Marketing in-house. 

Jt has over 60 national and international clients, 
and haswon seven European Direct Marketing 
awards this year alone. 

The company is currently growing faster than 
ever, increasing turnover by over 36% in 1935. Since 
January 1986. over 30 new jobs have been created 
at all levels within the company. In addition, it will 
recruit ten 1986 graduates as trainees. 

All graduates follow a unique 25-week training 
programme, starting 29 September 1986. The 
programme gives a thorough grounding in every 
aspect of Direct Marketing — strategic planning, 
account handling, creative work, print production, 
database management and results analysis. 

Please apply in writing, explaining why you want to 
work in Direct Marketing. Send your application — 
with a full c.v. — to Ivor Robb. Administration 
Manager. Christian Brann Limited. Phoenix Way, 
Cirencester. Gloucestershire GL7 IKY. 

Closing date tor applications is 8 August 1986. 
Graduate selection takes place on Wednesday 3 and 
Thursday 4 September 1986. 



Sumitomo finance International, fast growing capital markets 
subsidiary of one of tbe world's largest banks, has a strictly 

limited number of openings for very hi gh calibre graduates or 
MBAs keen to build a career in either eurobond dealing, sales or 
corporate finance. 

You should only apply for one of these positions if you:- 




Selling into tbe Corporate 
Marketplace needs special 
talents. We arenow looking 
for ambitious salespeople 
selling total PC Systems 
to Corporations and 
Institutions in tbe City’s 

financial community 
The. Systems on offerare unique, (inking PCs via 
advanced networks integrated In revolutionary designed 
office furniture to provide a total solution, geared to 
maximizing productivity of people, machines and office space. 

ote.£35,OOOw basic.- £17,500m 

Initial Guaranteed Income ■ Company Car * B.UPA 

You will be backed by a ve/y experienced technical 
support team, familiar with the pressures of high level selling. 

You will be based in Tristar’s prestigious offices, 
incorporating demonstration areas training centres and a 
fully equipped engineering faculty 

Tristar UK. Is backed by a major US. Corporation with 
annual revenues exceeding £350 mlUloa 

Tbe City is exploding with opportunities. Tristar is In 
there. So join us now on the Ground Floor, andsecurea 
lucrative future. 



a wbsttay el Stfoguard Busmen Syswi* toe. 

Write with CVtoRay Farnentothen at 

LoalonBC21SJ.Tdephoite: 101)256 7421 
All enquiries will be treated Id the strictest 

prodocuraita marketer of I 

products wofkMda, is looking for 

Petroleum AdiffllvM 

The candidate w» be based in GENEVA and WH 
have responsfeOty for marketing petroteun 
addtiyes products In Europe, Africa. MfcMfe East 
and Eastern Bloc countitos. . .. 

The position involves coordination and 
yanag emem of European Sales offices and sales 


excelem growth potential and reports to the 
Meeting Manager, Europe. 

The ideal candtoate wfil have a good protasaidnte 
quaHtateon In chentetry. chemlS^nate^^ w 

P°*8&y German and F rench is 


curricutum vitae, refaroncas and salvy history fe 


IS, rue fto t hachfi d 
CH 1211 GENEVA 21 


AND fl 



A rare opr 

H ©ad 

Position in 

Managing Director 


One of Europe's foremost publishing groups seeks a Managing Director 
for its London based subscription journals Imprint 

1. Hare at least a 0(5) Hons degree from a leading university; 

2. Ate aged under 26; 

3. Are prepared to work extremely hard; and 

4. Hare a strong, outgoing and convivial personality combined 
with tact and diplomacy. 

Christian Brann Limited 

the direct marketing group 

Successful applicants can expect early responsibility, excellent 
on-the-job training and rapid career development combined 
with a competitive salary and benefits package. 

Interested applicants should write, enclosing a comprehensive 
CV. stating how they meet the above requirements and indicat- 
ing what other career options they are currently pursuing, to:- 

Mrs Fiona Williams 
Personnel Officer 
Sumitomo Finance International 
107 Cheapside 
London EC2V 6HA 

Tbe principal tasks are to motivate and lead a top editorial team, producing 
the leading publications in their field, and to establish new product 
development to take the company into new business information areas. 

The ideal candidate will be an ambitious seif starter, appreciative of 
autonomy, who can demonstrate a successful track record as a publisher 
or in a senior commissioning role. 


£1,000 per month + comm 




uv H 



in tfae ~ mutating arena 
wefl groomed peraons . 5 

Package ofcomniimonewiUnach£26-£3$,000 
P- 8 tnrfudm g car aBowance. 

Comp r eh en swe training metfaoda enauta eariy 

saccess, exceHent prospect* of promotion 

company goes mdarmal in — 

totematfonri transfer epportumtiei avaHabie 
after qualifying period. 

TEL: 01^64 5544 (10 tines) 
after 9 a * ^ . 

The salary and benefits package will reflect the importance of the position. 
Please submit a comprehensive CV for the personal attention of: 

The Managing Director 
Woiters Samsonn (UIQ pic 
36 Queens Gardens 
London W23AA. 

Woiters Samsom (UK) pic 



gueto CTPOTskKowarB now sewn 

Soretanal Cor«iltants to join us In 

offices near Chancery Lane, ftr 

9 appointments. £ uxesfiar 

Tel 01-430 1051 

Dulcie Simpson 



LONDON -UP TO £20,830 

Tl»DejmmemofEmptej'mem (IE) Group wishes 
10 appoira a Race Retafons Advbor in its headquarters 
division conconed wjih policy onracerdaiions and equal 
live reraft of the Advsur will be to provide 
^form ation and advice which will conmbitic to the 
fa imitation of the Group's policies and programmes 
®ocemhig race relations and ethnic minority employ- 
ment. covamg; 

- the devdopment and delivery of DE Group pro- 
giaitmes and practices aflreting emptov-ment 

Induding the inner ones amative; 

- measures for stimufcutng the creation of new 
enterprises by ethnic minority groups; 

- means of promoting equal opportunities within 
the DE Group 

Applicants should hare recent experience of 
working wub organisations or individuals actively 
engaged in promoting pood race reborn* and I * famUhi'r 
with the employment and retried problems of ethnic 
minorities. and able to maintain dose contacts with 
organisations and individual representing their 
int 0 est& Knowledge of DE Group programmes and 
practices and industrial or personnel experience would be 

The appointment will commence in the early 
Atflumnand wffl befor3 years in the&rst instance withthe 
possibihry of extension to 5 years. Salary will be in the 
range of £1\683 - £20.830 induding il,3(n pa London 
Voting (under revision). 

Applications (induding a curriculum vitae and 
stating present salary and holiday commitments, if any! 
should be sent to Ms L. Dtfrick, Department of 
Employment, GPU, R709. Caxton House. TotliiH Street, 
London SWl not lato: than 21st Aug, (5 weeks from 
publication of advertisement). 

The Department is an equal opportunities employer 

Royal College of Nursing 

Reception and 
Services Manager 

£10 I S07-£12 I 329pa 

To may tfw trod of tain rtoption ind iwitefeti M rd stmxt m our 
toy London W1 hwdq ut w. You wfl npareire a nod tan wfen 
prandi horat revets and con f e m hcUu. You wfl aba bm a 
niftr BaamanM tola in tie abxaoci of pur am manger. Vinto tt 
tka RCM ndoda nut onfy motets and sttdants but pi raa ptu U to 
revMts and cmfaancis and ym would be npectad to prapna and 
dntfop kinp i tt security red atom ca nno t precadns. 

You timid tow pman mmoreant and dqpnotianai aHk with tte 
attty to notinta a sotafi tm. to vtttioo you should hare an opart 
ln<Mp of BTa Mreareb systm and two a wo n rnntidint red 



IS Mansfield Street, London WlM QBE 

(Information, Training and Pay) 

The Royal College of Midwives is the professional organisaqtkm/trade union for Midwives and is 
recognised as a national negotiating body. 

A chalknemg position exists within the Industrial Relations Department of tyhe College, for a highly 
motivated individual to contribute to the development of initiatives already established in obtaining 
financial recognition lor the role of Midwives aa independent practitioners in their own right. 

The post wfll have specific responsibility for Information and Pay Research, and the postbolder will 
participate in the ROM's representation on the Nursing and Midwifery Staffs Negotiating Council 
The training responsibility will focus on course design ami monitoring the effectiveness of training for 
RCM representatives. The opportunity would exist for the postbolder to participate in the full range 
of Industrial Rela tins work within the Department. 

Candidates should have a sound knowledge of Industrial Relations both theoretical and practical. 
Experience in personnel, research, training or education would be an appropriate background, and 
knowledge of the NHS would be considered an advantage. 

The salary is linked to the scale for Director of Nursing Services (IV) £12,760 - £14,640 plus London 
Weighting of £877 pa- annum. The point of entry will depend upon qualifications ana experience. 
Further details together with a job description and application form may be obtained from Mi9ss 
f!nmKn» Payton, Administrative Officer at the above address. 

Informal visits may be arranged by telephoning Mias Sheila Mcllroy, Director of Industrial Relations 
on 01-580 6523 Ext 244. 

The dosing date for receipt of completed application forms is Monday, 1st September 1986. 


Our dknt, a major North African oil company, urgently seeks experi e nced Geophysicists and Geologists for long- 
term assignments. 

Interpretation Supervisor 

You will be responsible for the technical direction and stmerviskm of highly-experienced gcoptmitisxs engwed in 
structural rad sraiigntpbtc interpretation of onshore and offshore seismic data, and must younelf be experienced in 
the application of computers to exploration mapping & analysis. 

Seismic Interpreters 

We require applicants at different levels of seniority, based on 10-20 years' major oii/otpl oration company 

Senior Exploration Geophysicist 

This fcry post requires a proven expert with 10/15 years’ major exploration company experience. Your duties will 
include design and evaluation of parameters for comptemenury seismic data acquisition and processing systems, 
monitoring and modifleauon as accessary to obtain seismic data optimum to a variety of exploration objectives. 

Seismic Data Processing Specialists 

You must have at least 10 yean' major oil company expereince. and will undertake the technical direction and 
quality control of onshore and oflshore seismic data processing in tine with exploration objectives. 

Computer Applications Specialists 

You must have experience of exploration data base systems/applications, and of computer-based geophysical analysis 
techniques. Familiarity with setsmk interpretation and processing methods, and analysts of seismic velocity and well 
logging an advantage. 

Staff Geologists 

We require Structural, Exploration and Production Geologists with at least 8 years* oil company experience. 

These assignments are accor 
conditions of employment. 

by outstanding compensation packages, featuring highly competitive salaries and 
srad your Gv. without delay to: 

Jah tetafls red an ippititisa fana are mflitla ft— tea Par- 
snmal Offer, Hoyti Cafes of Nanfe, 20 hwM S^aw, 
bate WlM MB. Tat OMM 333) tXL 313. Cbm* fore far 
rehn af ^gCmlwn fc 12th Aa^t I8K. tad A* jafc fefe- 
lisa ml if yvs witk ts dfocas* tlw jafc mfoamtiy caatacl Me J. 
mm. Pnpatty ft SWMCM Mamgar, fid. 288. 

The RCN actwriy dicaregai anafafl hr til its promts. 


have a vacancy for Hsad of Fund Ratatag. This is a 
new post to supervise and coortSnate an enlarged 
fund raising programme covering all aspects of the 
associations worn. Salary NJC scale (E12£87 - 
£15,342). Job description and application form avall- 

abie front: 

The Office Manager 

25 Mortimer Street 
London WYN BAB. 

RADAR is an equal opportunities employer. 

264 Bath Road, Slough, Berks SL1 4EW. 


lax training with leading 
international firm 

Coopers & Lybrand is the largest firm of Chartered Accountants and 
Management Consultants in tha UK. We are looking for ambitious 
recent graduates who want to set their sights high for a career in 
Personal Taxation in our new London headquarters. 

The work te tntetiectualiy stimulating and covers a wide range of clients 
who look to us for professional advice. We have developed a special 
training and work experience programme which enables you to study 
to become a Member of the Institute of Taxation as well as enjoying 
progressive career advancement 

We are offering highly competitive salaries and a range of benefits 
(induding study leave) which you would expect from a large inter- 
national organisation. 

if you enjoy advising people, have good interpersonal skills and are 
looking for a wen paid professional career, we would like to hear from you. 
In the first instance please write or telephone for an application form 
to Pat Horrocks.- 


& Lybrand Soi -sS sooo Ext 4342 

Shepherd Little & Associates Ltd 

Banking Recruitment Consultants 



A retro opportunity to Join a leading international bank and 
receive two years In-depth corporate finance training at 
their Head Office in Tokyo. 

At the end of the training period you will return to a senior 
position in London. 


Package £15,000 

A oerson with experience of compensation and benefits 
gained from within a bank or large corporate is sought by a 
leading City bank. Applicants will work as part of the banks 
personnel team and should hove experience of U.K. tax and 
pensions. Duties will include responsibility for company 
cars, subsidised mortgages etc. 

For more information on the above positions 
please contact Brenda Shepherd 

Rldewuv House 41/42 King William Street London ecjr ven 
Telephone 01-626 1 161 

Product Development & 
Support Co-ordinator 

As today's No.l finanda! services system- owned and 
operated by some 17,400 member rnsuutions in over 160 
countries - visa offers a young and ambitious Product 
Development & Support Coordinator the prestige and scoped 
an intemationaBy renowned organisation. This is an ideal 
early in their career. 

In frequent contact with clients, including banks that Issue our 
gold cards and potential member institutions, you wi support our 
product by providng information as necessary and presenting 
new business pilches. Adcftionafly, you wifl make a positive 
axxribution to the development ot innovative services through the 
identification dt market needs and relevant recommendations. 

A graduate with at least 2 years experience in the sales and 
mattering division of a consumer sector organisat ion. tdeaSy you 
w* have a knowledge of working ovetseas plus some Huency in 
another language. Between 24-28, bright and extremely 
confident you communicate well with people at afl levels and write 
deaity and concisely. 

Ydu can anticipate an attractive rewards package including a 
generous salary and benefits tha raffed our position inthe 

Wrie today with fu* career delate to: Mrs Wendy Ofruer, 

Visa International, RO. Box 253. London WB 5TE. Alternatively 
telephone heron 01-937 8111 far an application farm. 

i . T M \ "1 1 h * 

^ 1 VN| kA W m HI VflL 


All you need. 



T fe.. 1 1 Asao eia tlon wishes to appoint a chartered or graduate 

?. yy ainc y 9° executive team. Resporotoitfty IS to the 

P* r octor -G eneral for admnfetratlye as weH as technical matters, including 
the organising and proeessmg of committee work. 

The ideal c auJkfoU wM, however, be a buoyant self-starter who wfll also 
y*”™ toorawd developments and have the ability to enthuse the menv 
™]5™P A bout them. Essential requirements are an organised mind, a good 
com municator oraly and on pwaar. and previous experience of industry and 
trade association work. 

Thweere real posejbRtles of expanding the scope and responsibflldes af the 
fob arising from PPA's i mp ort a nt involvement in the restructuring of TA 
representation now under discussion In this sector of manufacturing 


Applications to the Director-General, 
Process Plant Association, 

Leicester House, 

8 Leicester Street, 

London WC2H 7BN 


Automation Project 
in the City 

c. £17,000+ benefits 

We are leaders in the complex field of reinsurance broking 
and are looking for a high-calibre person to join a recently 
established team that is responsible for Office Automation 
throughout the Company. 

Your role in this senior position will be to assist in the 
p lanning , design, implementation and support of our Office 
Automation Project. 

Ideally, you will have a degree in an appropriate discipline 
or some other relevant professional qualification and at least 

t 5 years experience in an office automation/ administration 
environment. This should include at least 3 years in analysis 
and design. Experience of presentations and project control 
is essential and a knowledge of Wang and IBM systems is 

The position is based in our City headquarters. In addition 
to a salary around £17,000, the benefits package includes 
free life assurance, free restaurant, and an excellent pension 
scheme and use of our sports complex in the City. Relocation 
expenses will be paid where appropriate. 


tlrewgridof reinsurance 

CZZ^E.W. Payne Limited 

N>S C For an informal discussion, please ring Marie Sheath on 

11^ 01-623 8080, extension 2335. Alternatively, send your CV 

I or write for an application form to John Roworth, Assistant 

I Personnel Manager, E. W. Payne Limited, Aldgate House, 

I 33 Aldgate High Street, London EC3N 1AJ. 

organ iza 

flos concursos de m^rltos reservados 
a nadonaies espanoles para la 
constftuclbn de Ilstas de reserva be 


(ticulo de enserianza secundaria v 
experience profeslonai post-escolar 
de 18 anos por lo menosi 


lotulo de enserianza secundaria y 
experience orofesionai post-escolar 
de 12 arios porlo menos) 


admlnlstraddn general - contablil- 
dad, hacienda publica, audltorta - 
estadistfeas - informtitlca - aduanas. 
Para mis detaites. solicits elanundo 
de los concursos dirigiindose a: 

organ iza 

dots concursos gerals documentals 
reservados para naclonals 
portugueses para a constttulpao de 
Ilstas de reserva de 


(estudos de nivel seqindirio e expe- 
riencia profisslonai pbs-escoiar de 
pelo menos 18 anosi 


(estudos de nivel secundario e expe- 
rience profisslonai pds-escolarde 
pelo menos 12 anos) 


admlnlstracdo geral - contabllldade, 
flnangas publlcas.audltorla-estatis- 
tlca Informatlca - alfandengas. 

Para malores inf ormacoes. pe^a o 
aviso dos concursos dirigindo-se a: 

Commission descommunauttis EuropSennes, 
Division Recrutement. 
rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 BRUXELLES 

Recruitment Manager 

from £12,000 p.a. + Bonus 

We need a London based Recruitment 
Manager to run our thriving Temporary 
department We look for experience, 
expertise, initiative, drive and a compre- 
hension of up-to-date office technology as 
it most relates to Secretarial practice. 

Full support will be given to maintain and 
promote excellent client/temporary staff 
relations. This is a career job with open- 
ended opportunities. 

Please phone Joyce Guineas personally 
on 01-589 2196. 


HEOtinTMDft CONSULTANTS 2 1 Brampton ArtadN, Kn^hfandge 5W3 


Robert Half is an international recruitment con- 
sultancy with an excellent reputation for 
professionalism and service. We seek a young 
graduate with an outgoing personality ana good 
communication skills. Professional recruitment 
is demanding, pressurised and often frustrating 
but never dulL It demands commercial flair, dip- 
lomatic skills and an energetic and enthusiastic 
approach. In return we offer a yotmg, dynamic 
working environment, excellent training, a high 
degree of autonomy and the opportunity to es- 
tablish the foundations for a progressive and 
rewarding career. 

For a preliminary discussion call Jane Ineifield 
on 01-638 5191. Robert Half Personnel, Roman 
House, Wood Stmt, London EC2T 5BA. 

(Major retail innovation) 

Covent Garden £15,000 - £20,000 u. 

+ Ineeathn package 

—for unique workshop with rates, martem ng. naS order and 
exhibition focrftMs which Wfl promote rhe jwqrfc of resident 
quality craft sman n rtw haan of Covant Gwwn. 

Applicants, men and women, m their fine 2Q's/ 3Q~s. sly xild 
tewformil rrairw>g and management 
maior retail entBrpnse. Bssama Of. must h wa the Pg^n* 
tedmical and create* «jah»» 

mam. dovaiopmant and control ot a rend operation with 
considerable growth potential. 


Are you earning £20,000— £ 100,000 p.a. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught's discreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

one: 01-734 3879 (24 hours) 

32Sav0e Row, London, W1 

iThe Executive Job Search Profess* 



The College proposes to appoint a Domestic 
Bursar, with general responsibility for the 
Domestic Administration of the College, to 
take up the position in January 1987, or as 
soon as possible thereafter. The post carries 
with it an Official Fellowship. 

Applications should be addressed to the 
College Secretary, marked ‘D.B.2’ (from 
whom further particulars may be obtained) 
before September 1st. 


or send ‘A’ levels 

Wa wort w» praraigtaua ^companies 
and dynamic sates axacuthres. You must ba urete r 30 
wiUi at least 6 months’ axportonce In a commsrcal tute- 
saies or Md-sates amrironmera. Ftewante Jnrtxto a 
tan h wtfo salary plus commission plus car. First class 
training and career dewefapmont prospects. 

For immediate conskterataxi CSfl 
or send CV to Lindsay Haggis. 



required for leading West End firm for 
two new offices. Exciting opportunities 
and prospects. Excellent working 
conditions. Salary and commission. 

Please telephone 

John Gorst 

at Fofkard & Hayward on 
01-935 7799 



With experience in dealing with international tennis 
players. Proven track record in selling & implementing 
tennis events ns essential. 

Write and. C.V. to; 

Mematfon^^nMenieat Group 
14-15 Rlzbaniinge Street 
London W1H 9Pt 


Rapidly expanding international company seeks 
person with experience in direct sales in the City. 
Age: &25 years. Good basic salary + oorantisskxu 
Apply with CV to: 

Justin Brown, ionics (UK) Lkf, 

16 Endeavour Way, London SW19 8UH, 







Cwnpmr; Large subsfoanr ot wamaional Bantatg CorpofaWn fluaM fo Carate Unttan. with 
ntlicea in Fwnpp Far Fast aid Itafft Arnica. Prorida feandal jfltofirttaai tauitfe Ufa 

an axiensM data nstwarit. 

Porittawc Several Amfyst/Programnwrs wall good dcgrae or equtada* are rajtaxl to wort jn smaB 
group oc alone, wUhln a young and voy friendly enwonnert to design and ifnptanwrt no# raiandal 

systems serving the protessioral investment cajimirty. 

palace SaW COBOL programming. IT or AS9MBLER coupnd win mow software denw|> 
encompasses Rnanaal. Inrntmem, bjufto nd/SeOT ittes app&caKins. tercware: BM/Amdafo man- 
frames. Tsutems aid micros with co mnu fricaocm tafcs. _ 

c— «§■ wondertut opportunity to join a high caRn organcabon at dm fararoat of the worios 
bnjestmimati databases. Ite excetotn salsiy s comphnoited by nfflKontrihny^ perajOjLBUPA. 
bonus and company car scheme. If yw respond «eU in Ws fsanwmg and djranc enmnmat, 
you can expect fast promotion and hgt) financial rewards. 

Rm TM 1936 




bmR Energetic yauno European company, tivotad in SEcon Circus design. Based in Berfstm 
iiifi offices n Munch and Paris. Dare are further plats to set up Diet own manuftcturtnti ptanl in 
Europe later ttn year. 

Mh Engineas end Project Loaders are required tar the dmtopmast of advanced GAO todfs. 

GBSSm nil be woriding on SUN and DEC Irsthnre using "C". 

fagratewa: CawMates must law died VLSI amnne nca PftiwMy nafo ed within a Stteo n dasfr i 

shuctund and^be^^afd^^ Conder^le^WM^^M^en^o carStarS wfowSred 
exposure to tasbftng products Andy on ckent stes. 

M An exMMnt ooportnuty to wort for a Compaq who. in the next ten years, aim to be in the 
forefront of hi-tech sttcon design. Benefits include an oceUeni rem m eranon package and stock 
options for antedates at senior lento. REF: IX 1978 

SALES ☆☆☆☆☆ 



C o uwt One of the bryest and most successM computer senrice cwn panias daajto g aMi most 
hanteare groups and BonunereaVUudwa apptaaton areas, staflBd nth competent and dynamo 

FwAtotc Proarammere and Senior Prpgranmns to mwe imp an analysis role and wort on mafor 
pruflOs. playing an integral part in a smafl team working from the taiysfc stage tnraugh to 
nqtfemereatm. At the more sartcr level toe wi be team tedarofap. TrerWfl affl be ghen ai 

£17,000 OTE 
BASE TO £14,060 




Cnniw . Racogresed Broughout Dm UX as a leader in data-commotattons, networking and 
sohibai a toea, t his mafor manufa ctaar is cunentiy ii s tig ain g a trwnee sales pro gi anane for 
ambitfous computing professionals. 

PwMam inctnUy woriong as a sales Kasai repres e nt a live. you wfl be required to deal wffli afl 

customer tnqurits and market research water two dstnd market sodas ue. Govemmwit/ local 
Authorities, and mafor a cc uun t s . Progression to ma l nstiua n sales opetanon will Inflow wfthta nine 

months of joMng D» company. 
fapwfoBcr iha successful cgiflt fea s wi cwremfy be working m safes support or technical import 
roies.waoo^axcellemcommun c 8aon8kill3 and good sales yttodaseasanta. An understand* 
ing of daaconmnncattons wodd nsttmUy be advutageous attmugh not essenDiL 
tant Young and amttfious indnkhato wi rectffitoe ttas s an outsterfng opportwlQr to mow 
intone sales anna. In addition to the outstanding salary the company to oflenog fad product and 
sales halnng conducted extemPy by a protessfcnd ocgnsrekn REF: TVB 1752 




Compare: One of the kadmg detders In Pw UK witt a worfAnde hmover of £250 MUcn. to 
currerroy intanrarig a mafor omanslai Drogramme. To help sustain thev record ot success, 
unmatched wttSn the Indusuy today, a number of vacancies are now available. 

Ex pmMac r Pro Bramm ers - 18 months- 2 yeare COBOL experience gahtad on ICL nroifoanK from a 
OTHiteroaf or financial baritground. Sawx Programmers - 3 yeans (Xus. prefUfiW)’ wall &MS, TPMS 
and team ieadenhp exper i ence. At the more fonior level tranmg mII be ghen. In 1DWS. 
Bcwerit These oppomnttos must be careful^ considered by owBdales with hardwae/appfcaMn 

Smawiw Krrsted to one or even two users, as Das tjq» of person las bended consatoflWym tire 

past The variety of hantan employed and the scope of applications comted with wcetent trammg. 
can lead to fast pmnifoon. tourer salms and a certain prosperous ham. 

REF: TF 230 


CjjjS A dynamic last movaig software house, well respected for its produafon of flnancal 
fSSSpSTn (he European marM (dace. Based m Surrey with work In Paris. 
r’ o ri fca: Analyst Pi u or a mmst s ram red to wort in a team on the devetopmant of bespoke systems, 
tram desgn to impfementabon. Work tovobres regular travel to Pans ■ Ml expens es paid. 
E neriwcc Upwards ot 2 yean COBOL progremmng within an IBM maintreme enwonment 
Ermoaii to CtCS DOS/VSE or MVS esserfflaL Ue assurance or financial applcaions expenence 
would be of InteresL 

fiewrat Untamed career opportunities wdtan this company, with benefits inchKSng BUPA. heaKh 
Insurance and Me assurance. 

HER T5 1915 


de velopment I 


High tax-free salary I 

I at the company's new purpose butt offices in west London, the brief wfl be to sefl 
ness sotobons Into corporate accounts hi London and the Home Counties CUnenr 

the above business sotobons into corporate accounts to London and the Home Counties Current 
vacancies ndUde armory stoes. account management, and alas management positions. 

_ To Qtaffy for these oosOnns, afl candfoatos «• need to demonst r ate a sand beefc- 
promd m Mtotkm safes and anndepth knowle dg e of the mno m ar tato lac a. Fairferify wrih large 
IBM mandreme sites is of particular interest todMdutos westing to apply tar a management posrtm 
should have relevant expenence at Ok level. 

G — i t This company fanny beheves that salary should be c om m e nsu r ate with success and 
acfae v wwei it To (fas and. an autssmdmg Incentive scheme da been imetananttd aidUtaa mps 
abroad tor high acnetwrs. Tlw togetnar wth toe exceflere earmngs potential and the generous 
benefits package, make (Ids a supoti opportunty to former yotr career. TY 1660 



Ca n a r. Ttos hd e maw na l Software Consultancy is part of a toge rnuUnattonal organisation, aid is 
waufinig for baa experienced consUHants to foai tow successful team. 

Pwetwc Selling Hgn value soktims software rumng on IBM, DEC and other mafor hardware to 
existing Bui Cop comp an ies and mm new business areas n Central London a toe Eastern Home 
Courses. OpponunibK to develop Into Euopean and US markets are an after according to todfokkad 
success in die UK. in addreon. prospects tar promotion mu ma nagemen t ere ann o tated. 
ft pal o— : Candfoates stated be awe m d uu o nab ' Mc a good track record m a relevant enwrowiwnt, 
pttfWMiy Wal l BM expenance «i hnancal or acoounong areas. Be capahto at fogh level negotifttows 
and possess outsorting commuracatton skills. 

Ceewit Tfaa company a atieaarfwWy respected to tte marketplace hawng been estahSstxxf for 
over 20 years. The generous range of benefits include choc? ot car. BuPft. pennon and unbmitod 
earwigs potato* and excellent prospects tor promotion. REF: TB 1951 



C—swor - One at the World’s leading banking corporations, a major user at IBM mamtrames and 
jss3g® 0 computer fartoiare. ffigfw lewis of axceeancs n ba^wtofffmoonst^Mnam^ 
and tor this ro contmue more DP. professionals an sought. 

PesTOmt Systems Analysts to mrk on a variety of franca! and banking apo&cattons. partxajtaty in 
toeiSfmitw Autot area. Also Computer Auditors to work mtoin toe Bank's Aukt depotmem. utvtsmg 
on computer systems aid basing between audit and DP. 

ExperiaioK Upwards of three years data processing experience in Systems Analysts, computer udt 
dr qiSKy assuance rote. It wff be advantageous to have a background In finance or accounting. 
CaivMafes into expenence of any hardware - rna m ftam e. nwi or micro are asked to apply. 
Seurat These are golden oiponumws tor caeer aovancemem. not arty pruwting a way Mo 
Eaiiking'bui also to work on the wry latest IBM hardware. A very generous salary, mortgage subsidy, 
banfcmg and a range of addbonal benefits stated make these even more attractive prospects. 

R BF: TD 1990 

Evening usmbers 
until 10pm> 
01-311 8444 
03727 22531 

If yaa do Mrt sea a position that is 
irafly sailed la yea, pfease cafl as 
■a tine faend salable posflkas for 
previoa candi da tes within 2 weeks 
of Stem contacting u. Cafl oer sales 
leatn today, wre w« eadeavota 1 to find 
ftefeafisi m Bitiaii? 

Wa are spadalhli bt asstetin q Brfl- 
isti NaSeaals worldag avarasas and 
wistag lo tatina to tin UK. 

British Aerospace requires a Computer Systems 
Development Specialist to work In SawfiArabtaonour 

support contra the Royal SBudlAlrfcrw^. 

specialised computer application: ksgteticSraATWiistraticKi,^ 
accounting andAjr communications. Ail appficanrts must hold a 

full UK passport ■ ' u 

While a degree or formal professional quaTificafion would 
be desirable, the most important consideration Id that applicants 
should have completed recognised training courses in the : 

commissioned rank, preferably in the RAF, would be 
advantageous. - 

In addition the high tax-free salary, sul^ectto completion 
of a minimum erf one year's service in Saudi Arabia, successful 
candidates win receive free accommodation; messing, medical , 
care and other benefits including travel-paid UK leave. :- 7 >■■ 
Please apply in writing, giving brief details of.appropriate 
experience, qtwting reference 0447 to:MrD.Tuify,Saudf =• 
Arabia Support Dept, British Aerospace PLC, Mflitary Aircraft 
Division, Warton Aerodrome, Preston, LancsPFI41AX pr : 
teie^jhone Preston 634317. 

f =f ■» z, ■ r rr r W \ ! 


6th Floor, Empire House, 175 Piccadilly, London WIZ 9DB Telephone: 01-409 2844, (24 hours) 



Outstanding opportunity exists with Applied Data Sys- 
tems Limited, a rapidly expanding company, for a first 
class qualified and experienced manager to head up 
the Service Department 

They will be responsible for a team installing and 
maintaining our “State Of The Art" systems in the 
Greater London area. 

They will be prepared to work at weekends where 
necessary and build a “Second to none" reputation 
for efficiency with our clients. 

A scrupulously honest loyal and hardworking person, 
fully cognisant of telecommunications and computer 
technology and capable of logical planning will be 
extremely well rewarded. 

They must, of course, be capable of leading, motivat- 
ing and controlling the necessary field force for whom 
he/she wifi be responsible. 

Apply to The Personnel Officer, 
Head Office, 

Applied Data Systems Limited, 
North House, North Street, 
Carshalton, Surrey. 

SM5 2HW. 

TEL: 01-647 6626. 

Hoggett Bowers 

Executive Search and Selection Consultants 

emmcHAM- CAHOOT. ciASCO^LEna.UMaott.MAN(Htsn3t. masajesumEiOm^tnmstm 

Sales and Marketing Director 

Industrial Consumer Products 
Cheshire, c&24,000. Executive Car 

This established market leader, with a turnover of £l 2tnpa, is a 
major subsidiary of a dynamic and rapidly expanding 

retail market sectors through an established distrib 
network. This key appointment, reporting to the Di 
General Manager, will have total responsibility for 

to the Director and 
lility for the sales 

iiffl giiiaiH H 

to provide a major contribution to the strategic development of 
the business. The successful candidate, aged 30-45 will be an 

experienced sales professional and a proven achiever, ideally 
in industrial consumer products. He will be accustomed to 
working within a highly profit conscious environment and be 
able to demonstrate qualities of personal leadership. A 
comprehensive benefits package is offered including 
relocation expenses where appropriate and there are excellent 
opportunities for career progression within the Croup. 

G. Sab/e, Re/: 29679/T. Male or female candidates should 
telephone in confidence for a Personal History Form. 
061-832 35QQ, Hogget! Bo wers p ic, St. John's Court. 78 
Gortside Street. MANCHESTER, M3 3EL. 



WATERAID is a new registered charity of the 1980s, 
sponsored by the British water industry. In the Third 
World it supports low-cost water and sanitation im- 
provements in which those will benefit are actively 
engaged on a self-help basis . Recurrent income now 
exceeds £1 million per annum, and rapid further 
growth is planned. 

Boots the Chemists— Britain's most 
popular retailer— is now implementing its 
new retail strategy. This exciting new 
development involves the creation of 
nine autonomous Business Centres- . 
controlling almost £2 billion worth of 
business across a broad range of product 
categories, from leisure products to . 
computers and pharmaceuticals to 

Hand in hand with this strategy for the 
future, is the introduction of a completely 
new and vital role within the Buying 
Function - Supply Management 

The managers who will fulfil this key 
role will work alongside the buyers on a 
daily basis and wifi be responsible for ^ 
optimising stock holding, increasing 
senrice levels to customers, and liaising 
with senior management on major stock 
and supply issues. 

Appointments will be made at both 
senior and middle management levels. 
Ideally candidates will have a degree in . 
Business Studies, or anothemumerate 
discipline, andprevtousreiail or - 
distribution experience A high level of • 
commercial awareness and excellent . ’ ' 
communication dolls are essential For 
the more senior appointments, proven 
man management experience is 
desirable. Recently qualified MBAs will 
be considered . . . " 

Rewards indude competitivesalaries, 
significant benefits packages and 
excellent career prospects- Vacandes 
exist in both London and Nottingham 
and a generous relocation allowance is . . 
available where appropriate. 

Interested In these new ; 
appointments? Contact Taylor and 
Partners on the special action fine at the 
address bdow. 

Taylor & Partners 

TELEPHONE 01-630 1758 ■ TELEX 27706 - FAX 01^21 S385 

Project Fullemploy p 

Seize your fl 

opportunity now 

Develop your professional skills in this exciting new professional train- 
eeship scheme benefrtting from individually planned learning 
programmes. Vacancies in: 


Computer Programming; Public Relations; Book 
Keeping; Secretarial/Administration /Company 
Relations; Outreach Worker; New Technology In- 
structor; Information/Development Officer 
Office Management 


Birmingham Commercial Skills instructor 

Bradford Business Support Co-ordinator 
Manchester Office Skills Instructors 

Earn as you (earn. In addition to receiving off the job training, partici- 
pants will receive £4,208 p.a. while on this scheme. AD applicants 
must be over 18 and have been unemployed for six months. 

INTERESTED? Write or phone for an application form to Dorothy 
Ives, JOBUNK, 24 Buckingham Gate. London. SW1 E 6LB Tel: 01 * 
588 2326 

Project Fullemploy aims to develop programmes which promote equal- 
ity of opportunity in employment through a partnership approach 
between the private, public and nan-statutory sector and to facilitate 
more effective involvement of minority ethnic communities in the eco- 
nomic life of the UNITH) KINGDOM. Protect Fullemploy is an EQUAL 

This scheme is sponsored by National Westminster Bank. 


The Financial Controller will have a wider role than the title may 
imply. As well as the supervision of accounts, he/she will be head of 
office administration, and will design and implement procedures 
appropriate to the organisation's further growth. Candidates will 
preferably be accountants with a proven capacity to achieve effi- 
ciency in an informal and de-centralised organisation. 


The Head of UK Operations will seek both to increase awareness in 
UK of water needs elsewhere and to generate the resources for 
WaterAicfs sustained growth. Candidates will need strong entrepre- 
neurial qualities, a proven record in effective management and a 
capacity to motivate others at all levels. 

Salaries for these posts £11,000 - £14,000 p.a. according to experi- 
ence. Anticipated age range 30 - 55. Further details Cram Director, 
Water-Aid, 1 Queen Amies Gate, London SWlH 9BT. 

Tel: 01-221 8111. 

Closing date for applications 1 September 1980. 


Ethical Contact 

Attractive Opportunity fora 
Marketing specialist 

cXI 7,000 + car 

We are the UK subsxSary ot Hospital Corporation erf 
America, the world's largest Hospital Management 

In less than four years, we have risen to become one of the 
foremost private healthcare companies, with ten acute 
hospitals and sw nursing homes forming the current 
operational has® ot the company. 

Our ndustry Is complex and highly competitive. The 
chatenges ahead wnB test our abMy to provide tjyaHy 
services mas price-sensitive an environment as you wifl 

twenbes or early thkfles. and your progressive marketing 
caeerwM have taken you tp at least Senior PrtxJud 
Manager for equivalent). You would now Klee to take your 
marketing skins Into a tost growing industry where 
considerable opportunities exist tor innovation, creativity 

You wa report to the Director of Operations, and your 
ntial brief will be to research, analyse and make 

raoommandaSansnnmirnrrvUirttTii. — 

We now need to leoruit an experienced Product Managw 
lo complement our roasting team of other lochnicai 
specialists based in London. 


recom mendations on qur product mix, pricing strategy, ffa j 
From this base the overall atroetitfe of your department vriH 
evotve. particularly over the new one to three years. 

kleaiJy you have a Degree, perhaps in Marketing, 

Statistics or Business Studios. You w« now be in your lata 


United Kingdom Lid 

Salary wM be negotiable. In addition them wttfbea. 
company car, free private haaith insurance. Me Insurance, 
stock purchpsi^ptan. pension scheme, ate. Application 

should be by si*niisscKio/detedeclcv.andp;3<tiTwnary ’ 
enqinrtes may be made to itwPeirsonnei Manager; 





Due to continued growth Ethical Contact now have Field Manage- 
ment opportunities throughout the U.K. 


Ethical Contact provide teams of contract hire sales representatives 
for short to medium term projects in the Health Care Industry. Over 
the last 3 years Ethical Contact have worked with 20 companies and 
trained and managed over 300 sales people, bringing a number of 
firsts to the Industry, 

Leading European technical testing and inspection organisation seeks 
engineers and technicians for testing and certification of 
electrical/electronic products for its North American subsidiary 7 with' 
offices in Danbury, CT, San Ramon, CA and Toronto, Canada. Previous 
experience in working for or with regulatory agencies would be a great 
asset to perform in this position. . 

iincs Oi k 

to -rason 

entnuir.g oem. 

sl]il«vk!tnin the: 

HCBU--ehi£h !!; 
or jui :n she £ 
tow-cwced ” 
He foresees a !i 
r otai on ft 
waftre ifcew 
[mod of 2-5 jmi 
15 million seif- 


Positions in the following areas are available: 

A leading CITY FUTURES BROKER requires an intelligent, out- 

going graduate to work in its expanding Research Department, 
specialising in traded options. 

specialising in traded options. 

TNe successful candidate is likely to be in his/her early 20's and 
possess a First or good Second Class Degree in Maths and/or 
Statistics. A high standard of literacy is important. No previous 

Ethical Contract Field Mangers usually have some field training 
experience, have a proven track record, are dynamic, are looking tor 
a new challenge in an innovative atmosphere, and above all are 
people orientated. Professionalism and excellence, combined with ' 
project variety ensures a dimate for career growth. 

experience is required as thorough training will be given. A 
comoetrtivG salary is offered. Applications with CV to: 

If you feel you need more freedom and the chance to prove yourself 
as a successful manager, are aged 26-34, then phone or write to; 

Data Processing Equipment 
Medical Technical 


competitive salary is offered. Applications v 

BOX C70. 
Times Newspapers. 
P.O. Box 484. 
Virginia Street. 
London El 9DD. 

Graham Wilson, Managing Director, 

Ethical Contact, 

44 Bell Street, Henley-on-Thames, Oxon. RG9 2BG. 
Tel: (0491) 578171 

After an extensive training period in West Germany relocation to thp 
U.S. is required 

Attractive salary and fringe benefits are offered 
Please send resume to Times Box No. D09. 





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It is not supnsmg, given the unpredict- 
able nature of our economy, that even 
linns which arc doing well are reluctant 
to tem pi providence and add to their 
permanent staff — a fact which roust 
have some bearing on the continuing 
high levels of unemployment. 

instead the solution to which a 
growing number of employers - espe- 
cially medium-sized and smaller ones - 
are turning is to take temporaries. This 
no longer applies solely to secretarial and 
eternal jobs with which temping is 
traditionally associated. 

Ai recent sunrey of 450 firms undertak- 
en by the Institute of Manpower Studies 
show that around half were using some 
temporary staff at all levels - either to 
cope with workload fluctuations or to 
avoid recruiting permanent employees. 
Companies are also turning to 
temporaries in high skill specialist fields 
where it is difficult to recruit staff 
without offering salaries that throw the 
whole pay structure out of gear. 

Manpower, the employment agency 
which commissioned the IMS survey, 
has long specialized in this sector of the 
market. They found that a poster 
campaign last year, featuring a bowler- 
hatted model in the image of a middle 
manager created the wrong impression. 
-We don't have much demand from 

A growing need for computer 
experts and accountants 

clients for temporary appointments in 
general management," says Fergal 
O'Brien who runs the Netting Hill office. 

-However, there's a large and growing 
requirement for temporary hdp on the 
accountancy, computing and technical 
side and also in areas where firms have 
to take on specialists to cope with sudden 
surges of work. Designers to help out in 
the drawing office if a big contract comes 
along are a case in point. “ 

His view of the growth potential in 
new kinds of temporary work is shared 
by Michael Crosswell, managing director 
or the fast-expanding Blue Arrow per- 
sonnel services group. They now own 
Brook Street Bureau and have just 
acquired the head hunting and executive 
selection agency Hogget Bowers. 

One reason for that move was to get a 
foothold in the executive employment 
market Some people regard it as an 
overcrowded field, but he thinks it is one 
where new and different recruitment 
opportunities are beginning to emerge. 
-Firms are having to pay huge salaries 
for those with special qualifications. The 
problem is that there may not be a 
continuing demand for those particular 
skills within the same organization. That 
can leave high flyers in a dead end job - 
or out in the street when they're no * 
longer needed." 

He foresees: a future where executives 
are taken on for specific tasks, sub- 
contracting their services for a fixed 
period of 2-3 years. "It's really an aspect, 
of self-employment," he says. “There are- 
2.5 million self-employed people in this 

An increasing number of 
employers are turning to 
highly skilled specialist 
temporaries rather than 
offering fall-time work. 
Godfrey Golzen looks 
at the potential of this 
newly emerging market 

country. Not all of them want to run 
businesses of their own. or have the 
resources to do so, but an awfol lot have 
highly marketable expertise. One of the 
jobs of recruitment consultancies will be 
to bring such people together with clients 
who have a need for what they have to 
offer, but who might not want to tie 
themselves down to a long term 
commitment. " 

Mr Crosswell admits that supplying 
executive temporaries is still a very small 
pan of Blue Arrow's activities. “We 
supply about 250 such people a week, 
which is about 2.S per cent of our total 
placement. Mostly the demand is for 
temporary accountants and technical 
people, but we're also now getting asked 
for executives with specific bits of 
expertise in management disciplines like 
marketing and R & D.” 

Typical assignments last for anything 
between four weeks and six months and 
pay at this level is around £25-£30 an 
hour. The rate is negotiated by Blue 
Arrow, and the temporaries on their 
books are technically their employees. 
That means they get holiday pay and 
statutory benefits but it also means that 
they are taxed on PAYE, though in many 
respects their position is much closer to 
that of self-employed sub-contractors- 
Mr Crosswell believes that is an 
anomaly which ought to be 1 corrected 
by legislation. 

“The official designation of self- 
employment is much too rigidly attached 
to carrying on trades or professions. The 
signs are that the security of employed 
status - and the tax free fringe benefits 
that go with it — will increasingly attach 
only to a core of permanent employees. 
In my view that ought to be recognized 
in extending the tax concessions avail- 
able to Schedule D payers to all kinds of 
outworkers, rather than trying to limit 
them as is happening at the moment." 

Nevertheless, one of the happy results 
of temporary executive assignments is 
that they frequently result in the person 
concerned being offered a permanent 
job. la that case Blue Arrow charge the 
client a fee related to salary. Like many 
supporters of temporary employment, 
Mr Crosswell believes that it has a 
further function as a way of trying out a 
potential employee without any commit- 
ment on either side. 

“It establishes whether you can work 
with someone, whether they're any good 
at the job — and even whether there's a 
real need for it to be filled in the longer 
term. Those are the kind of things that 
often just don't come out. even in a 
skilfully conducted interview." 

The built-in potential for full-time 
employment was also a factor that 
attracted the Institute of Directors into 
setting up their Pan-Time Executive 
Appointments Bureau a year ago. Unlike 
many of their other services it is 
available to non-member companies and 
individuals. They work rather like their 
commercial competitors. Individuals 
who write in to them are interviewed and 
given a questionnaire to fill out which 
indicates their qualifications, age, skills, 
experience and degree of availability. 

When an enquiry comes in from a 
diem, the Bureau establishes the job 
specification and then makes a search , 
from the 400 or so names on their j 
register. The client then gets a short list 
of individuals from which to make the > 
selection. In this case, however, the 
temporary appointee is employed by the 
client and has to make his or her own ar- 
rangements about remuneration - 
though guidance is available to both 
parties on this point by the IOD's 
director of specialist company services. 

Short-term assignments can 
often lead to a firm offer 

Kenneth Lindon-Travers. 

“We arrange about 60-70 such ap- 
pointments a year, mostly in smaller 
firms for periods of a few days to several 
months. The people we place are mostly 
in the 40-65 age group. Salaries are at the 
annual equivalent of £20, 000-£4 5.000." 
If a permanent position is eventually 
offered to a temporary employee, the 
Institute charges the client company a* I 
flat fee of £1,000. 

Another of the attractions of tempo- 
rary executive appointments from the 
employer's point of view is that experi- 
enced people are able to pick up the 
threads of a job quickly, without a long 
and costly induction period. “The 
demand often arises out of an urgent 
need for someone who can ‘start work on 
Monday' because an incumbent has 
dropped out suddenly for whatever 
reason.'' says Mr Undon-Travers. 

Mr Crosswell, however, believes that 
employers tend to under-rate the impor- 
tance of briefing temporary workers. 
“There's often an assumption that 
because someone is temporary, they're 
not going to need any training But they 
still need to be briefed. When things go 
wrong it's nearly always because the brief 
was inadequate or because too much ; 
knowledge was taken for granted. Even a 
self-starter has to know where to insert 
the key that sets the motor going." If he 
and other human resources experts are > 
right in seeing a boom in temporary work 
on the way, then managers are going to 
need to be trained to use it effectively. 


Madrid 1846 

The prestigious Spanish Fashion 
House with shops on London’s Old 
Bond Street and Knightsbridge is 
looking for a stylish and suitably 
experienced Manager/ess for one of 
their stores. 

If you are aged between 25-35 and 
have retail management experience, 
preferably in the fashion or related 
worlds, please send your c.v. and a 
recent photograph to: 

Mr. Jonathan Falkner 
Managing Director 
25 Old Bond Street, 

LOEWE is also looking for 
permanent SALES STAFF and a 
full-time ALTERATIONIST with 
experience in handling high quality 


Melanie King on 491 4042 
or write to her with c.v. to 

25 Old Bond Street, London W1 



invite applicants for the post of 


The Council is involved in advising on aH aspects of the care oi 
Chffches indudng their lunvshings. treasures and wortts of art 

The Conservation Ariff unst ra to r is rcsponsibte tor sannonQ the 
Conservation Committee which is responsible for policy and for 
the maionty ot ns sub-committees covering such areas as 
sadptures, stained glass, gamings, beds, docks and texMes. 

Applications are invited from men and women who have sound 
experience of admmistranve/commrtteo work and who aiso j 
have a knowledge ot the reps techniques oi dwelt buddings, 
lurreshngs ana works of an. 

Preference is lor someone aged over 25 years with a relevant 
degree and proven administrative sJafls. 

The position is based at All Haters Church, 83. London Wan. 

The post is graded as Higher Executive Officer level on an 
nownentaJ scale £10.795 - £13.306 per annum (ndufing 
London Weighting allowance of £1.385 per mnimj. 

A p p li c a tion forms and job descriptions may be obtained bom: 
Mbs Aims Holt, P— owl Offlesr, Church Hows, 
Great Smith Street Wutminstar, London SW1P3MZ. 
Tel 01-222 9011. Ext 3S1 

Closing Oats tar racsipt of appficationa 22nd August, 

httervfews wB ho boM mid-September, 1986 

Flexible Marketing High-Flyer - Publishing-London. 

This is a superb opp o rt uni ty for ■ young, dynamic, flexible and intelligent Economics pwfriafo iwwtfofrwrtm 
in the development of ■ range of epwrafat international business reports. 

The Company: INTERNATIONAL REPORTS. Part of The Financial Times Group - publishers of a range of 
i nterna ti on al business reports. 

The Product Five highly speriatised pu bli s h e d services for international bankers, financial specialist* and 
government bodies. 

The Job: To promote the publications through a variety of direct marketing and selling techniques. 
Qualifications and aptitudes: 

Candida t es must be able to demonstrate a high degree of ex p erience and aptitude in the 
following specialist areas: 

- direct marketing techniques and applications, with specific knowledge of direct mail and 

. economics degree or MBA qualification 

- familiarity with the international lwnVin| /ii»» f| i fw«i wH w n miwn t- 

- ability to communicate verbally and in writing with senior banking/finandal executives. 

- a self starter, able to work closed with a top quality editorial team. 

This is an u nu sua l and exceptionally d em a ndin g rote, requiring a high level o t intdHgsnce, self 
confidence, imagination and energy. Yon will be working on a number of extremely successful 
publications, in a dynamic fast-moving specialist environment. 

Rewards can be substantial. The remuneration packa ge includes an attractive bonus 

Salary indicator.- £12 k - £15 k depending upon experience and qual ifi ca ti ons. 

Age:-23 - 30 

Applications m writing to> JOHN GREKJ 
F.T. Business Information Ltd, 

2nd. Floor, Tower House, 

Southampton Street, LONDON W.CJZE 7HA 


Leading Hong Kong firm expanding in Pacific Rim markets 
is looking for two experienced solicitors to undertake Bank- 
ing and Capital Markets work. Candidates should have a 
good degree and relevant experience; the ability to work 
independently and under pressure is essential. The ideal 
candidates will have partnership potential. 

Starting salary (after tax) will be in the region of 
£60,000 per annum. 

Interviews will be held in London in September. 
Please submit full C.V. including contact telephone number 
to Box No. B76 


Escorting Officers 




Wa are an equal 
opportunities employer 

This could be your opportunity to embark on a 
career in television. We need an experienced 
journalist to join the team which produces our 
nightly news magazine South Today and 
material for Breakfast 77meand network 
news. The job Involves sub-editing copy, 
writing commentary to news film and helping 
originate topical material. 

Salary £9,916 — £14,024 (currently under 
review) plus an allowance of £569 p.a. for non 

Relocation expenses considered. 

Contact us immediately for application 
form (quote ref. 7798/T and enclose s.a.e.) 

BBC Appointments, London W1 A 1AA. 

TeL 01-927 5799. 

The Central Office of Information April to |uly and September to 

has vacancies for temporary escorting November The number of vacancies 

officers in its Overseas Visitors' depends upon overall workload. 

Division. The Diveion is^pomdile Applicants should have a g£K)d 

foran^goffiaJlv’S'btoSntmn understanding of ament international 
for 1,800 people eachyear- inducting andh cmea^.rs.andtheahUltyto 
Ic^pol.taMre.ofbaab andsemor mixalaU levels and work under 
media speculate -from all parts of prefBure . Experience of similar work 

me world. would be an ad vantage. Residence 

Escorting officers (graded Assistant within easy travelling data nee of 

Information Officer) accompany the central London is esseniiaL 

^rn, 011 f ^ m ^tZiT d 0 hy Appointments will be up to one 

the COL sometimes working king moEfcefirefinstanoL Salary is 

based on an annual rateoffWM 
Temporary appombnenls hdd to including London weighting, for a 

cover the peak penod% usually from basic 4llourweelcA^ho^ 

■■■■■BiaHagi worked in excess attract overtime or 
Mi’fB tune off in lieu. 

j^7rjf|TW5TjN Application forms are available 

fc- J H PSjJ k m from EG.Hobhan on 01 ' 261 8457. 

SKpRnSflRNH Ref No. 3351086. The dosing date for 

iehinwdfofm5 is 15ih August 1986. 

The Gvil Service is an Equal Opportunities Employee 

sum best? I 

ProfessionaJ Guidance and|H 
Assessment for an ages. 

15-24 yrs Causes. Cvwn 9 
25-34 ytx Rroum Ctanow* 
35-54 yrcHeuM. 2nd OmV 

Fan d atifls in free brachun:- ■ 

{• • • 01-935 5452 (24 

r mr> 

0656 232287. 



West End Viewdata Malin- 
in Co requires new 
staff for ccpudfltB.ovct yg 
market. Good base atey 
and attractive conttnuwop 
structure for ibe jelf ' mgS 
vated-Td 01 4W 3622 EXT 

WAi mas confirm* 

R^/DtstrlBalor for tnaiar njw 

perlmn* Um. 



An exciting 
career is open to 
individuals (22+) 
who are single 
minded and 
interested In their 
own future. This 
is an opportunity 
to earn over 
£15.000 p-a- and 
earn shares in a 

2™ 1 *- 
Please call 

Mr Hunt 

01-439 8431 



Are you earning wW* Wj* 



Tata c feMBB in Jaw yJjB? ot Hw 
adunettnon or ttw hunuoonn 
Opmncm c and Optical League. 
Gonad us t you have s#®9 
mum and on) commuikaaon 
sum and amosl Irr 
Organfetag meetings, mutatlag. 
reseu rii. ten d rris I nQ. nito o 
computed ad pe&sc ranon. 
Eantfien in m a n ap nn a, snaS 
as ss oc ata n ot sooety. iMnrety 
educatan and a second taoguacs 
are desflaWe W oat esiertBtf. Fat 
in application Ions and more 
nformaum. sand your coofldentid 
empty Ik 

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process sf mtUne reaU.Kub- 
1UUMV for the s u re o w n M 
extentUM Us property drveiao- 
rernl acttvtws tots Ibe U.K. 
They now wtsli to rearuU a sen- 
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A vacancy has arisen for 
a trainee broker. The 
successful appicant wW 
be aged 24+ and ot 
sma rt appearance. No 
previous experience 
necessary as (u8 train- 
ing wtt be given. For a 
confidential interview 
ring Carey WBson on 

01-499 9328 



Weeta a e MblNteCft 
m 822029 648. 


Noise Officer 

As part of a new initiative, the Ministry of Defence is seeking to 
appoint an expert in environmental noise who will be responsible for 
co-ordinating all efforts to reduce the effects of noise from defence- 
related activities on the community This is a key appointment and 
the postholder will have access to the most senior levels within the 


You will be required to advise Service Departments, Sen ior Officers 
and MOD Ministers on standards relating to environmental noise, 
including up-to-date research in academic and technical fora; liaise 
closdy with a wide range of outside agencies; and act as focal point 
for investigation of public complaints concerning noise from defence 
activities. You will also be responsible for developing aspects of policy 
on noise. 

You will be based at Chessington, Surrey but must be willing to 
travel widely throughout the UK. Occasional foreign travel may be 

Although you should preferably have a degree in an appropriate 
science or engineering subject, it is more important that you nave a 
genuine interest in noise-related problems and a wide appreciation of 
environmental issues. A knowledge and background training in physics 
would be preferred and additional qualifications, experience or training 
in acoustics would be an advantage, as would general knowledge of 
Services training requirements and practices. 

SALARY X1U.555 -^14,625 with starting salary according to 
qualifications and experience. 


For further details and an application form (to be returned by 
22 August W86) write to Ministry of Defence. CM(S)lC2. Room SlU.’, 
St Christopher House, Southwark Street, London 5EI OTDor 
telephone Ut-921 1 162. Please quote ref: SA/40/E 

The Civil Service is an equal opportunity employer 

Sci'e^ x 0 i>& 


Sales Manager- 

Comnutpr TrisiarSpacemakerSysLem 

V^V/l l ipuitl Furniture Is getting into the 

\VCtPH1C City with its own Big Bang. 

3 LCI I lj Tristar are introducing unique 

p • . Computer System Furniture 

rumiture Which improves office space 

1 w utilization by 33% at least, while 
increasing primary work space by 70%. 

Tristar now needs a professional Sales Manager, 
who is at home in the City environment: who can talk its 
language: above all who can prove sales ability. 


ote: £35,000 pa basic £15,000pa 

Initial Guaranteed Income • Company Car * B.LLPA 

You will be selling from Tristar's prestigious 
offices incorporating a 4000 sq it showroom 
slrategcally based in the heart of the City. 

Tristar Data Systems are backed by a major US. 
Corporation with annual revenues exceeding 
£350 million. 

New buildings are going up all over the City. Our 
systems are going to be in them. 

Come on ia on the Ground Floor now and secure a 
lucrative future. Ray FarrenkoUienaL 
Trtsiar Data Systems. 38 Rnsbury Square, 
LONDON EC2 lSJ.1Mephone(0l)2567421 
.All enquiries will De treated In Lhe strictest 



a subsriary oJ Safeguard Busness Syssems he. 

Young Sales Trainers 

London — City Salary neg. 

Due to our current expansion programme and the 
continual growth of our Training and Development 
activities, we now wish to recruit rwo highly 
motivated professionals. Your key task will be to 
develop and present courses aimed at our new 
recruitment consultants. 

Ideally 23-28, with a service industry background, 
you need to be an effective communicator with the 
determination, personality and drive to turn new 
recruits into dynamic sales executives. 

So, if you are looking for the opportunity ro develop 
your career with one of the leading recruitment 
consultancies, we want to hear from you. 

For more details please telephone or write to: Esther 
Aronsfeld, Tr aini ng Manager, Reed Executive PLC, 
122 Whitechapel High Street, London El 7PT. 
Telephone 01-247 6931 (24-hour service). 


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WaareUidlng ( Wamatoi al Pubfehars spaciadsHifl In 
tha production of controfiad circulation industrtal and 
tedwtel reviews and putitca t ions lor the 

With a major expansion progra m me ahead of us we 
areaWe to offer the right peopta a top sates executive 
position with the opportunity of earning at toast 

£20,000 pjBL 

The successful applicants wfll (deaOy be under 35 
yaara of age, weH educated to degree of 'A' level 
standard and wB have the flair and authority to negoti- 
ate at director level. 

CaB Bemd Naefcel 
Tel: 01-258 0066 


needed for hectic small studio/shop in 
SW10. Previous experience essential 

Write with CV to BOX G38. 

experienced INTERVIEWERS 

PSB Recruitment established in Kent for 
over 28 years are °ow expanding mejr 
operations into London. Sussex. 

and are seeking to recruit experienced tnter- 





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alia you a undue otwxtunty ed earn n acts bt E204H0 ilo. setting Ht- 
Teeft tnmng caines cferea u the puWc 

You urn receive lull (faming ami susewi from a compaiy wtueft has 
tan a bidet in tlw BeJd tor dw 22 yean. ncbaUog quaky leads tram 
naari and local moss adwmsng. 

tie km nwdes tt r iu g l upl tiw BL 
H you an smart m apomnea. have a good psRontaty. own a car 
and. atowA have tbs «nU to succeed. Meghone Dansa tbdonao on 
0384 373792 or send your tv (tract XT 

S Sr salary plus commission ptos annual bo- 
nus eswetJ as ex^Jem ^portuntoes foe- 
promotion. Please reply with C.V. to: 

Mr John Parkinson 
Managing Director 
PSB Recruitment 
11 Spital Street 
Kent DAI 2DJ 


require a manageress 
for Harvey Nichols concession 
Please phone 352-1085 for 

» «■ tatop . Vast 

FJLS. Denise Hoft 


c£2MM M 

Our cteX. *« Utahlishdd but amandna Hrm of stoddrokara. Is 
B Obkaw a PRIVATE CLIENT EXECUTIVE. kteaOy the stnenfu 
candidate wR have passed the Mock e wha ngn wawVntaton» and 
may haw wasting buttons. As a major stockbruting Arm fosy 
otiar etfajflam long term career prospads. ' 

For further dateito contect 

Hoira WWawns, 

County Appoto ti—nH , 



S om er set TA2 8RP 
or Td 0823 413122 



Do you want to run your own show? 

As an Alfred Marks Branch Office Manager you can. 

Being an Alfred Marks manager can offer you 
considerable career opportunities. 

As vou will be in charge of a branch office that is 
assessed as a separate profit centre, the effort that you 
make will be both acknowledged and rewarded. 

Running one of our Central London brandies* you will 
be responsible for dealing with both clients and job 
seekers as well as your staff. This means yoo‘11 need to 
have the kind of successful business background that wiO 
enable vou to develop a rapport with the many top clients 
we deal with. You'll need the kind of quick, alert mind that 
can make astute decisions in the field of the management 
of human resources. And you'll be leading a skilled team 
with enthusiasm and commitment. 

Of course, the job is a demanding one that requires a 
proven ability to manage people. We can. at least, nelp you 
bv giving vou a thorough training in our business. You 
may run the show, but we'll provide a comprehensive 
backup. You may have heard already of our extraordinary 
remunerative structure, based upon a first-class salary’ and 
exdting incentive scheme. 

If vdu're aged between 25-40 and feel that you have 
the tight qualities of leadership, ambition and commercial 
experience we'd like to hear from you. 

Contact Kelvin Zebedee, Area Manager, 

Alfred Marks Bureau Ltd., 1st Floor, 100 Oxford Street, 
London. WL Telephone 01-631 5262 


An experienced and mature person of smart appearance, with first-rate 
secretarial sk&s is sought by a newly-formed textile division of an 
internati o nal trading company in Victoria. Two directors (frequently trav- 
elling) seek someone to act on own initiative, especially when they are 
abroad. The position may Involve occasional travel to France. 

In addition to aucSo-typing and fu8 clerical skBs, a person who is 
numerate and is familiar with word processing is required. A knowledge 
of shorthand and the German language would be an asset 

Benefits are commensurate with the position and indude free lunch in 
the company dining room. Please reply with curriculum vitae tnduefing 
salary requirements to: 

Personnel Manager 
42 Grosvenor Gardens 
London SW1W OEB 




£ 11,000 

This young Managing Director needs a Personal Assisted to 
become fully nvotvod with his International travel arrange- 
ments ana VIP clientele. Along with voir excellent 
organisational abiSty your shorthand and WPsIdbs will be used 
particularly for the confidential aspects of his work. A sound 
contmannl trackman! and stylist) appearance is essential. 
Please caB Jackie Hood 
on 01 283 2104 

Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants 
88 LeodentaH Street, ECS 




uM'MnrH »TTTTTtT*jT 

Capable audio secretary required. 

Salary according to age and experience. 

Apply to The Personnel Administrator 
127 Wardour Street 
London. W1V 4AB. 

Telephone No. 01-439 9531 ext 204 


This adventurous young com- 
pany requires the dedicated 
services of a PA/Secretary for 
the Multiple Sales Manager. 
Good Shorthand and Typing es- 
sential, WP experience an 
advantage. Salary from £7500, 
plus benefits. 

Contact Philip on 935 6699 


Seymour, the leedir 
requires Sec to two 

ess distributors, 
ictors to work ki 

exciting Sales/Marketing Department in our 
South London head office. Skills 90/50+ . 
Aged 22-35. A levels preferred. 

Salary *£,400 

Tel Graham N oakes 
01-733 4444 
No Agencies 

Require enthusiastic, wan 
presented Secretary with a 
good telephone manner, ao- 
ewate typing essential- The 
riant person will tie re- 
warded with a good salary. 

Please telephone 
01-584 6391 
or apply in writing 
with CV to: 
Ridley & Co, 

150 Walton Street, 
London SW3. 

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists 

Assistant ta the National Organiser, Birthright 

A friendly and efficient assistant is required for the National 
Organiser of Birthright, a mother and baby research charity 
based In Regent’s Park. A demanding schedule of fund-raising 
events and a hectic office mean that excellent secretarial 
skills, flexibility and an ordered method of working are essen- 
tial in order to cope with this varied and interesting job. Non- 
smoker essential. 

Free lunches. Contributory pension scheme. Salary from 
£9,000. Preferred starting date 1st September. 

For a job application from and further detafls please ring - 

Hand-written appfications to be relumed by 4th August 1986 


I ' = 4 ' .3 I' V A 

Fufi time, required for 
private gynaecological 
practice. Please apply 
in writing to: 

35 Devonshire Place, 

LaaAas W1. 

PA £11,500 

Mavelous pad lor young RA/ScoBtoy in hWuUhw d knedma* Am. 
The pad iMhts m gM ig c n n fan i im ad f nio at throughout the UK, 
WAng wtti preosWifions and tba Press. Sons trori enotoed. Vou nil 
has dc. skats, 100/70 ad WP, confomm. escaBant a p eara pe t ad the 
*h*ly to ted nth dm pritc d all lewis. Age 25 - 30. BadtaraRaga 
sub. bonuses do. 

430 1551/2653 

Dulcie Simpson 

Appointments ltd 




c*£25,000 + Car Age 25-30 

Central London for a fast growing PLC In hotels, prop- 
erty and printing. Turnover £6M. Reporting to Group 
Chief Executive with response ttiy tor afl accounting 
and financial functions, and the role of Company secre- 
tary. Establishment and operation of meaningful 
management information systems is essential 

Successful candidate win be a qualified accountant with 
commercial experience preferably in a smallish PLC. 

Must be outgiong and ahve the ambition and drive to 

Please Reply to Box No: G46 



£8-£1 0,000 + Commission 

As the "Big Bang" approaches Banking has 
become one of the most bouyant and 
expanding markets. Consequently opportuni- 
ties and rewards for recruitment consultants 
are unparalleled. 

IPP is an in dependant group of specialist re- 
cruitment consultancies formed in 1977 with a 

record of sustained growth. Our Banking and 
Finance division, newly formed at the 
beginning of the year, already has a enviable 
reputation for effective and professional 
recruitment and an impressive list of 
prestigious accounts. 

We are now looking for two people in their 
eariy/mH 20’s ideally with some recruitment 
experience or an outstanding sales record. 
Fufl training will be provided as well as an 
excellent earnings package (£15,000 
first year). 

01-283 1555 or 01-543 7183 







For the best in temporary 
assignments, call 


01-638 8171 : 

A div.:i:r c( fledert rial!! 







For the best in temporary 
assignments, call 


01-638 8171 

* division o! Robert Hill r’encr.rtl 


Previous e xperience 



01-581 8431 


Excellent opportunity for a first rate 
Secretary to learn legal whilst working 
in the world of entertainments. Lots of 
variety and plenty of scope. Based in 

Please tefepfetae Mrs. P. Oaffem 
oa 01-222 9070 for appomtneot 

TO £15,880 BASIC 

Rapidly expanding 
Recruitment Consul- 
tancy located in W1 
seeks a young person to 
be responsible tor the 
practice division. 

let 81-439 3389 

UHUtY - Not fully r vwan td? 
Cash in your stems with a unw 
WO now Cafl 01-S51 2402 Ac- 
countancy Contract! <Aavl- 

McKenna & Co 


We are a large expanding solicitors’ practice currently 
seeking a Financial Accountant. 

Reporting to the financial Controller, the individual will be 
responsible for financial reporting, development of 
accounting systems and procedures, and supervision of 
accounts personneL Candidates should be recently 
qualified, anil possess good communication and supervisory 
skills. Experience of micro-computers and computer based 
accounting systems will be an ad Vantage- 

Knowledge of solicitors’ practice will be useful but not 


Excellent salary plus usual benefits. 

Please apply in writing, enclosing detailed CV to 
Bernadette Willoughby, McKenna & Go, Invetesk 
House, 1 AJdwych, London, WC2R 0HF. 




Salary Circa £14,000 
(pay award pending) 

Applications are invited 
for the above newly 
created post from quali- 
fied and experienced 

Plymouth Polytechnic 
has an annual recurrent 
budget of approxi- 
mately £20 million. 
Discussions are well 
advanced on establish- 
ing the Polytechnic as a 
Charity and extending 
its academic role. It has 
extensive research pro- 
grammes and strong 
industrial collaboration. 
The fin widal manage- 
ment of the Polytechnic 
is to be strengthened 
through the appoint- 
ment of a Deputy 
Finance Officer. The 
posthoWerwffl be re- 
sponsible to the 
Finance Officer for afl 
aspects of the account- 
ing and management 
information systems, 

computerisation and 
should be sensitive to 
academic requirements 
as well as experienced 
in developing financial 

Appfication forms - to 
be returned by 15 Au- 
gust 1986 - aid further' 
details are available 
from the Personnel De- 
partment. Tel: (0752) 


We are one of the largest recruitment 
consultancies in the UK and due to the 
rapid growth of business with prestigious 
companies, we are now seeking additional 
National Accounts Executives, based in 
London to join our professional sales 

If you are 28+, self motivated, well 
organised, with a proven track record in 
sales, together with the ability to make 
formal presentations to clients at senior 
level - 


This position wfll command an extremely 
attractive package, including a company 

Please send particulars ta* 

Myra Greff 
Alfred Maries 
Acfia House 
84/88 Regent Street 
London W1A 1AL 


No shorthand necessary. 
We need in enthusiastic 
sec. who wnl enfoy respon- 
sibility and using her 
Inttatfve. WP axp. essentol 


P.A. & Accounts Assistant to 
Finance Director 

Tiffany, the hading jeweller on New Yoris Fifth Ave- 
nue is "fw ii y «mht 4 numtli in 1 /mAw 

The Finance Director sacks a bright weBadncated PA. 
who will be able to handle a straight!* want set of 
computerised account*. Apphcanta must have good typ- 
in£ ^**1 shorthwi lycoMnTy 

This poaMoo letpiu e s < m»n«einw. ad ap t a bility and a 
wSfingare* to take on responsibility. It provides a 
imitp. to join a young taara netting up in tine 

preatjginoB jeweller in BondStwet. 

£9,000 ptaa bonus, pension, etc. Write with CV. to 
Chaika Noel 25, Old Bond Street, London W1X 3AA. 



£ 10 , 000 +++ 

tww. eawirng a potential fix young consul- 
tant with 12-18 months current agency 
experience to join our team of pw&smtmal con- 
sonants in WL lf you have a good sense or 
humour and are used to a p re ssu rised environ- 
ment then call us - now fox an jmm ediate 
interview or send your C-V. in con fiden ce ta 

Sue WeDings . 

Wardour Street Agemcy . 

: 100 Waxdour Street, London Wl . . 

01-734 8844. 

c. £8,000 

position with the new London branch 

Applicants must have a pleas an t manner, along 
with the poise and confidence to deal with peo- 
ple jn an educational environment. _ Duties 
include ■* waiting with student - registration _and 
maintaining accurate records, of student t uitio n 
payments. Good typing skills would be befpfuL 
ExceQent references required. 

Please Send 

Webster U ni vers i ty 
5 Grosvenor Gardens - . 

London SW1W 0HD 



Probably 23-25, yoQ are 
seeking to dhnb (he lad- 
der and gain valuable 
experience at a senior 
level. Stepping into this 
executive secretarial role 
with an international 
firm wffl provide variety 
and presti ge. Shorthand 
and typing, the ability to 
deal with vkitore from 
abroad and to cope with 
a variety of admm tasks 
fanning a bow bat en- 
joyable day. Combined 
with an excellent salary 
and compaqy hen e fi t a 
this is an opportunity 
not to be mis s ed 



. £ 11*000 

To assist thm busy 
partner specialising in 
company fare, you wiD 
have gained a calm un- 
flappable nature, 
secure hi your knowl- 
edge of co n i paq y law 
and your excellent WP 
skills. He wiD utilise 
the skills and relyon 
your organising to as- 
amt . him arrange, his 
hectic day. Luxurious 
offices will make this a 
very pl ea s ant task. 

c. £9,000 

Immediate opening for a highly motivated, per- 
sonable secretary to assist the director of the new 
London branch of Webster University of St. 
Louis, Missouri. Excellent secretarial skills with 
an organisational flair are essential Acquaint- 
ance with word processing is a plus. Experience 
in the education wodd would be hdpfiiL Excel- 
lent references required. 

For Jurdier details and interview please telephone 


.1 --rj >. . . 

Are yaw banjo. move into mattering?' If so, oar 
client an luftiuliiionil firm pf Chiiftnf Accoun- 
tants, has an .opening for. an enthusiastic, young 
assistant in their market i ng d epartm e n t- Working 
dosdy with the director on basram! development 
and ncwjmbticaribire. you will abo be-providing an 
information service loboth-orett andriJcrus and be 
the focal point for aU the fbmVfiteridering drives. 
Se cre t a ri al expe rience is -ess enti al” hr dea ling with 
nope.: ^JfayKHMfcaoe.,..tqyeI^ J arg mg e m ents and 

rnamtamiiw the d»ectort'dw 2 t,A*e early 20’s, 
sriaiy £9-G>.5G0 aax. Wabfearfy renew.. Please 
tdepbone 588 3535; 

Crone Gorkill 


PA/SEC. c£9,500 

Do you haw antottion? Say 
goodbye to your Merman* 
rots wrth the help of your 
good educaton and exoet- 
fent skOS m this job wttl 
endlass pOanVBL 



Dealership accountant required for Ford Main 
, Dealer to run a busy accounts department 
preferably with motor trade experience. 

Salary £15,0004- and Company car 
for the right applicant. 

For application form, phone Janet on 

01-548 77O0 Extension 201. 



~ . -a cn» en 

^ w? 

AB ^nuflrd adwUKTOcnts 

'f M *P "Mwwrtiemv The 
*» *”?»- 5.0 0pm 2 d»» prior 
topuUicaaon Or loopw Mo,,, 
day foe WcdnevJtyt. Should 

«W ■ whin plrrir wetude 

iggw BwnlhT. 
atsmmtR services dr. 
pummur. u >w n*** ^ 

W**« cnbkm rdauai to 
ycw atN cnoemo) once it ha» 
appexrol. . i pfcaac enact our 
Cu MWBcr Strvico Dnarnmi 
by KfcpbMc oa ostli noo. 


**SR^*j;^Q *y j *»»a tion» to or 

■ p ^ t *fy°** n Monmi on ms rtnts 

m - b - bomt 

SSS', c -°“^ frw ^ 

JDtMnM Another wonderful 

iwu- Herr* lo id* nai Love 

you John 

LAMOKA COXi -TouchW- Coo 
taa Umw qn Denny or Sony n 
WUtslure Lovo Morvliv 


C W.IH .CTI Lt a ntXnwnM 
auTVuaum ihm documents. 
OfWH OIOS) &3f)B 

breakaway. London'* dun lor 
WgWUk W M unyuicnrq book** 
23-4 50' ri 200 events month 
hr 2d hr into tope 997 7994 

nous Horce von wnc -nn 

•WteWTOCfl Chauflewr. Con 
«raci vm* considered c 12430 
PM- mar Tel oi 289 0910 
WI ’-» tWUtW f tclmiir nn- 
fraduettom for me uiuoksm 
5® Maddox Street. UMMOn Wl 
TW cpwon* MJTO7 
PnilBIW, Love or Marriage 
Alt oars, arras. Oaimw. OxM 
•0161 23 Anutadon Rood. Lon- 
don W8. Th 01 ug 1011 
CAPITAL CVi prepare men and 
0» rumcuhim vlun 01607 
7906. . 


u* vtM matters c s Cunon 
is Lawyer 17 Buisrrodr 6t. 
London wi 01 486 0813. 




catntt. jowhomI uoch Chur 
norr coatmrMdi uonorui A 
Grown Han ouawy. tefora- 
MW mm 38 Wi om orr S*. 

MS 7ST8 "" 0r °* 


CAVAUDr MM CMta m turn 

Lino « c mwm. Ulna 

Ol 901 4900 InnAurVmati 


votme CW 1 W 4 mm mm 

K? J£"SSL w>« ormm 

Th 01 ATI loos. 


HOLIDAY FLATS a houtnitul 
■Mr UOOUOOQow Pwnoaal 

jHTiirr. 01-438 3080 or 0U36- 
593824 anvtunr m 

WnW ■ nwk rriavum ai tir 
ornate nraeti nntet. mm a 
wrt innung nn our yarhl (or 
IdOO Kir III H/R. lino 
w/Mnirti. irtw ronuxiutiom 
sum. Ol M> 1006 

CdSTCUTTXnS OH Ihahlt nou 
U* Liu OUT A nKddnlmr 
limn Ototamal rravrt Ol 730 

Twin, hn Red Lion S.T. WCI 
Ol 406 1494 AUTA/IATA. 


BniTMld TH 01 380 0414 

a WACA. CAMAMES. Ol 441 
till Tmdhiu AW AIM. 

SPASM. PnrtuoM Cheapest fans. 
BWBMa Ol 730 8191 ATOL 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled mart* 
Ol 794 2388 ART A ATOL 

Hay market Ol 930 1360- 

Ot SC QUHT FARES Wniklwidr. 
01 434 07.V4 Juinin Tfaiel 


LTC UpnSil 0743 887038 

in Travel Ol 088 9237 IATA 

OMn antuumoi VaimjmMr 
Ol «e 4203/0082 ARTA 
01004 ATOL I960 
waridwMr iimpnl l«n. 
Rirhmona Travrt. 1 puke si 
RKtmtond ART A Ol 940 4073. 
Horn inert anon* an ovrr Mo- 
itMXo Trl Ol 734 8307 


TOMSK. PwlM bucMi for 
your immiiT nonday Call for 
our tMmrnurr now Tunisian 
Trairl Burwu 01-373 4411 
AUSSIE, n 7 . Sonin Africa. 
I'M Hona Kona. Bed Farr* 
01 493 7773 A81A. 

WINTER sports 


47 taws m Smurt m t. 

Aetna. hmt S any 
the Boats OkKT On Sus> 
ExGannck. Luna MKdieaR, 
Otsgow & EonCurgh 

01 705 2208 

Hawh. tas-B4227t171 
A 15723 ATOL TZ32 


^ — R F. S 1 D E N T f A L — 




Somno 2 bedroom Ha wffl 
tons* mom Merwuc. Exoef- 
fect modern tutnaure. 10 ms 

to Cay £160 par week. 6 
months pfca 

01-838 4921 

A targe gwid floor <wwfy 
dcco t aa d flat. Recapi im. (bn- 
no tafl. cm Oedtooms, fatsd 
kac h an. taftmom. And now 
on long a lei £275 per week. 

Ptnflco OfBcae 

■AjJ.! 'In ).( Pi.M!! jlM'lJl. | 


Last «vaa Rais avadatM n Ms luxury Mock in quiet mean. 
Raeanay fumtsneci and Uy titmt 
Lift, woao anvanca-pnena and GAHA0E8. 

1 BEDROOM PLAT - wan am. 



Co tats only. Pim ta ntHy long arm Ms 
C c w t acti Sarah 235 50 57 / 5535 

5 TS5 y 


ol orison. Mroraodatlon in 
kn «y now. oft. washmo me 
rtnnr. afumal lover, n/s. BUM 
person ttvme mtf of lawn rv- 
Quirine LonnoB anom durun 
ine week or lu8 Umr £220 non 
uic TH 01 957 0477 «0) 


TAKE TRUE OFF lo Pan*. Am- 
MmUm, Bruaeta. Brawsa. 
Crnevo. Brrrae. Uuuniw. The 
H40UF. Duoun. Rouen. Bou- 
tonne a Dwk. Time Off. Za. 
Qmiir Oom. Landau. SWIX 
7HO. Ol 235 8070. 

1ZLL 09 ABOUT yew opmuon 
SvmpiKnear vortier wwM wH- 
conw DHH jmvdatol acrounl ot 
your nwnmttv. wmfariaiv 
or (Uherwue. as a ornate medi- 
cal Insurance naurot Vou win 
8e PMd hamnameiy far mtrtm 
at turd end your anonmuly 
pnuml rf you wun. write to 
Aim Have. Laurence Graham. 
6 New Square. Lemon WC2A 



4 berth luxury effshore 
Cruwn Normal retail once 
£43.950 + vat Three brand 
new CntSaers avaUabie at 
£37.000 ♦ val for mu n wi tli 
defnnr Dnnannrahon A 
Viewine arranged Further dr- 
um trwn Doom Ytdu Ltd. 
Poole. TH O20S-U74B31. 

dale style, a- t~ wide x 8 ‘ 3 “ 
long. - Complete wun 14 
Gainnaroueh Ryle hide Chun, 
oners around £ 2 ^ 00 . Contact ; 
Derby 48796 lo view Ref MG. 

REP. W HI TE OR BLUE Ultra fee- 
gum Id** rnnole cal T.V now 
only £199 M Tops. 91 Lower 
Skune SL SWl. 7300953 


.?•: -3TMT4 1 If SHV 
Oa-isf -kcanr 
■.• i-. 'jwai 

:• *: ctiera Wota^ 

: .- ?a T5S COtbfBS 

. a!~;.x,Xr3''lN" 
.• • rvni-^iflBJWlle 
s*iar.:ii- - data* «i 
jKrgflM *A 

. • - -4; art? 311 

. ijr., rtM?*. PV® 

rone CorkilL 

•, T *,f f^rnssium 

1 Y x 

; - 


! a* 

mediate oellv rry on nutMermu 
wen 01 17th a iaui cmniry 
repPca furniture, including 
1 term bar Arthur Brett. 
TOrhnuevh A Goodwin and 
Wm. Tillman. Netucoed. Nr. 
Henley -an Tbarom 10491) 
841 1 IS: Boumrinoulfi (02071 
293580- Taoahdm. Devon 
10392871 7445. Berkeley. Oku 
<04S3» 810982 

MEW auaUly wool <arR«tt- At * 
trade toner-, and under, aw * 
available 100's extra Large 
room itw remnants mder. W 
normal gntr Chancery Carpets 
01 408 0463. 


Cream /brown, hand carved. 
Peeking design. 9fl by 12TL 
Cood anaBly. £806 000 . 

Ot 891 1854 

lutes a van. Hand bound ready 
for presentation awo 

■Sundays". Li2 60 Remember 
when. oi«aa c>323 

SUrtiolU Exp. Cheat. Les S4U. 
AU iheaire and toons. 

Tel: 821-8618 828-0495. 

A.E* visa Diner*. 

BIRTHDAY DUE T Give someone 
an ontNMl Times Newspaper 
dated me very day they were 
bom £13 50 049201305. 

ble Hits esc Nationwide 
detnenea. TH. (OHO* 860039 
1 Wilts). 

SEATFMUCM Any event inr Les 
Mu. Covent Gdn. SUr light Exp. 
Gfrndebome. 01-828 1678 
Manr cretUi cants. 

sporting event*, all Ihralre etc. 
Ol 9130 4536- 

CATS. CHESS. Les Mts. All the- 
atre and snort. Tel 831 3719. 
637 1715 AU major crnlll 

sale. Beautiful rondlboa. Tel 
061 223 0881 '061 231 678& 


Up to 60% off all garments 

S ftraa c tamp Place 
01-581 11BS 




WWi nw Barters from £3 95 p* 
sq wl + VAT. 60% wool Heavy 
Demesne WHton £1355 prt sqyfi 
+ VAT Corkepbst Was £8.75 
per sq yri + VAT & many other 
great redudnoL 
255 Now Ktagc »>*» 
PtuwKts Gnen. 5W5 

Td: 01-m 2588 

Fin MMm - bftA ESifr 1 


Architects / Mpan 
MjtmDms anparwty ] 

One maasurttra 2 ft 6 ms i 
long, id ms wkte x B Ms 1 
high. The other 70 ins long. 
39 ins wide x TB ins high. 
Offers Invited 
051 356 3059 

ngurlnes. anknal*. He- waul- 
ed. Ol 883 0024. 

nwle/ female Non Mnoter. 

Own room to Shan- Da) with 
rxceHml <*cUilie> and sworn 
£40 per werk mriuuve Phone- 
01-692 2661 udlef 7 30 pmi 

CLAPHAM SOUTH. 3 bedroom 
in peiunl dour with K B. 
retro C/M. gdn 5 rams walk 
Tube j amrwuvs / common. 
Avail 1 508 86. £150 pem da. 
Ring 675 6999 nn. 
CLAPHAM SOUTH Sragle room 
available m fully equipped CH 
lunar ip pm air square 
LI 1250 prm Ol 408 0677 
Day Ol 6731131 Aft 7 00 pm 
£14, M/r. to share ailianivr 
I own house near rtver.O/R.ex- 
rrttrnl fa-Hilin. £40 pw mr 
01 488 0943 lOL after 7 pm. 

*0491011 2386 

room wun own MUtroom m 
kaxurv house, suit lady 40 *-. 
£&Spwincl Tel 10660) 880350 
aiier una 

SWZI CLAPHAM vhorf let 
M/r. MS to spare super mod- 
em Pei Mini 1 other Mid 
Augusl lo Nov £dOpw urc. Tol 
Ol 360 1934 after 6 pm 
SWTS. M/F for igr BWr beorm in 
knr Hal us Barnes Sunroof A all 
mod ran* Nr Hamroerurum 
Bridge A trauport. £280 pan. 
748 7239 Anytime 
SWl 7 Nr Northern line. O/R. 
M/F. sun young city prof, lux 
CH house, all mod con* £38 pw 
e»c Tel 01 223 3640. avail 
Aug 1 

CLAPHAM. Own sunny mam A 
ttyttnn Hi family house be- 
tween (he Commons. £42.50 
pw mn all tum. 228 7830 
CLAPHAM i prof m or f. charm- 
ing room * knehenene. mare 
Path wun |. top lux family hie. 
£48 pw mr 673 5717. 

EARLS CTSWSt F. 26 * n/s. o/r. 
Hi centrally heated flat. Phone 
Tv rtr £200 pm me Tol-OI- 

FLATMATES Selective Shwtng 
Weil esub introdurion' service. 
PHe M for appe 01-689 6491. 
313 Brora pum ROM. SW3 
HWB 2 deugittfui single rooms in 
newly dec house Bargained 
renl for 2 sudapie person*. Al- 
ter 12am 202 2803. . . 

WT4 Female own sunny mom In 
aiunmng garden lui £60 pw 
exclusive of bill*. Uaiwapm 
01 491 1496. 

WOODFORD • approx. 6 months 
let- female, own large room, 
non unoxer £i60pcm excL Tel 
: 01 604 3067 After 7pm 
BALHAM nr rune Prof M. N/S. 
O/R ui mod house. CH. £160 
pan m e bills. 01-673 3301 
BATTERSEA. Obte rm in spar 2 
bedfltformonUi Aug only. £BO 
pw 388 2424 CXI 2300 
BATTERSEA .Smart female warn- 
ed, own single room in Oai. fiao 
pw mrl. Ptauae M 720 0993. 
CLAPHAM M/F laround JOym 
O/R. lux flat. Hi I other. 
£40pw-* MX*. Tel 01 67B 7B47 
PosHe lube From £36 pw Inc 
hea ling. Hw. Tel- 01-444 7191. 
HW 2 large room. suM profrosion- 
M £46 pw cMUSw. Tel 450 

ST JOHNS WOOD prof F snr MX 
flat, communal gdn. Nr park. 
O/R £65pw Tek Oi 722 2639 
TWL lux grdn ffl. dole mi, sun 
axe. II lui, wasp mch/cnshw. 
£450 pern. Ter 01-370 1910 
Wli Own igr room in magnincml 
Georgian Muu Shared facfU- 
Uev £70 p/w Inc. 01-387- 1699 
Wl. MAYFAIR. F 28 +. NS. lux 
floi o/r. £57 pw mr. Rhone af- 
ter 7prn 499 5600. 

WS Prof pen n/s. snare tux 
home. O/r. 7 mins tube 
£120/180 PM. excl. 748 0270 
eve* 748 0006 day. 



SKI WIST bumper DTOCfturr out 
now packed with ad We loo re- 
sorts. Sunday lUgms imx we 
iraffteti. and amannaly low 
prenwriint n £59. Brno (Ol) 
785 9999 for your copy. 
ABTA69256 ATOL 1383 


FALMOUTH Luxury cortege and 
rials. Superb harbour and nvrr- 
SNte paaliem Near Bncws 
Ltnofi provided Steeps up lo 6. 
TCL 0326 315729/312388. 

has lux try 2 bedroom Apart- 
menu. Use of grounds, pool 
courts Spectacular vtewm Fr 
£160 pw Saunouth 5929 



Sydney £455 £699 

Auckland £415 £745 

JoBuro £300 £499 

Bangkok £209 £355 

Tel Aviv £135 £210 

New York £129 £320 

Los Angelas £216 £399 

01-370 6237 

Fly Savely 

July August flights to 


01-995 3883/4/5 

Simply Fly 

ATOL im 


Pans £69 N YORK 1279 
Fmnklun MO UV/SF 035 
Lam £3a> Vem £320 
NsnOi £325 Smospom ECO 
JODura £460 Ba»)M> E335 
Cam £205 Kaanandu £*40 
OsySom £335 Rangoon £350 
Hong Kong £5 to CahMU £425 
Plate ad 

71 6— m a M oa Wl 
•MB 216H4J7 DS37 

Ter 01 -441-0122 24hrJ 


Save with Swissair) 
Super Apex. 

London toZurichor 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 
flights. And daily 
flights to Basle 

Book and pety 14 days 

before departure. 
Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 


LTiT i; 

































01 4Q6 9356 

■ ATOL T3?J 


British Heart Foundation 

The heart research charity. 

102 Gloucester Place. 
London W1H 4DH. 



TM reate-rf >5 ^ £ fK'iaa aflfnttd Hjf 

Mr M Suflef-H.lO Ud. Usnchesw - c ™" 

— Ma 1 - TWmivMi . . . . . . . 

*“ 1 «— w 

TafifesdB Werers. Kndport pte 

anount r*sad Btt staM »nC3P M&a- 



Wg cai ahnyt swpty a fust ctes 
v«a. mn ai the las mrane We 
haw prettily the hitest ntocaon 
m (he Ma M Hi an g i n. on Corfu. 
Crett, Ruos, Ahjanre. SoMh ol 
Franca. RDy - or me bud) of with 
iuL AH haw ribI some a coot 
Prices’ Horn Iho wry expensive B> 
the SurpnsMhr modest!. 



MENORCA Villa*. MMite wKh 
poor*, apanmml*. tevornas. 81 
djlri avail July bKIMv high 
■canon from £156. Ccmc HoU- 
day* Ol 304 7070 6 0622 
677071 or 0622 677076 |24 
hr*] AM 1772 

MENORCA. Private HoUdav 
House* For AiwuM A late sum- 
mer avxilaniiuy call Pamela 
wiidbiood Ltd 0240 B 1702 3 or 
Ol 658 6722. ABTA AM 1276 



OOLFE JUAN 4 brdroamed v«i« 
with pool, availabe 17 SI An 
ouvl OrtjU-i from CPnbnenul 
Villas OI 243 9181 

MCd Lowest term fr 
BKMteS. 735 8193. AM 1 




•Mten TMO Dub* 1370 

fiadoun £400 WanM £i«n 

L«gs £330 Jeodiii r«=:« 

Monrovia Mrecte EZ75 

Amoga £260 Kul/Sui £445 

Bangkok E360 NuwM £350 

Bom/OM £345 ll York £775 

CPU £230 Seoul E730 

Mantel £415 Spl/UH £735 

DsnWsuH £270 Tokyo £570 

sKYLono nun. ub 


let tt-o* 35?i mn 
man MMfla 


Nairobi, Jo - Burg. Cairo. Doha, 
Istanbul Singapore. KX OeUri, 
Bangkok. Hong Kong, Sydney, 
Europe, A Tbe Amencts. 
Fteteimm Towel. 

75 SbafMmry Aw* 
Loaded WIV 7DG. 

01-09 0102 

Opea Safnrday 1000-1300 




The moil beauilluJ p!ace'| 

you-v* never heard of... 


BWAFFNAM. Beamed fannnouM 
excel lent food 6 accommm 
odanan BAR A 4 raune CM 
£20. TH 1076061 269 


brraklmi and *Hi catenna in 
raunirv nauvr on the bank* of 
mr Hun Wve CJirnna rutHng 
A urekunQ 4 mikn from fam- 
ous Book Town of Hay «n-wye. 
Doqm allowed 17 art) £8 OO per 
penon per tugM. To -. 04974 


Responsible mature person 
requued as Uw-m Companion/ 
Housekeeper to lady 73 yean. 
Remote counuy house near 
Reading m idyKc setting. 
WaekanOs free, dean driving 
Mem. some mining expenenee 
useful tad na essmaL Sauiy 
negonahle. leferances phase. 

Ten Mr Bey 91-MS nn 
lb fcs8 intern tea 
farther Mata 

MOTHERS HELP wanted to mfu 
in home and with 2 children 
aged B * 1. In Geneva wun En- 
gtttifaratty Nankmoker. From 
exrty SememlMr Hart work, 
good mary. Telephone 0428 
792656 Mr* Major 
B7 Regent Street. London Wl 
Tel 459 6634 L'K. Oveneae. 
Alao ra-hrlpo, norm, temp 'perm 


mobUI CURL M looklna for 
work w m-oair m Green Dm- 
m. Write uk Ann Geemen. 

Moerkerbe. B Hw um . 

YOURS MRL «ee«a Paduan m pu 
D ear wtm EngUsh larraly. MUe 
Binz. enrrain de* Buuw* 28. 
1814 La Tour -de- PHIL Switeer- 
land. TH: 010 41 21 645006. 
lane *er*» work pfH mainly off 
Pram*. 01 5754834. an lO am 



Sougni tor ton Mb. Crmral Lon- 
don. Weekends off . Sol* charge. 
Own a/c flat Sal neo. TMs and 
many other tnloesung Mbs at 
home and abroad available 
now Call Hilary 01 370 1562 

01 441 0122 ? 


4iRlo timi bund< offer bcamifiil 
pmaM iiltUMudHn. WWW Wh 

poah.iooicoa ihe tort t Mxnr 
mckrd ra> hi na) ehilr nltafck 
2Y/7 fnm fiw 

Ptase m« (or out unilL fnmdh 

•WV4 44U/S22* 

ATOL 1412 

CORFU FOR FEW. An apt de 
smMion (or our holidays at 
KairunaU- wne space from 21 
Aug. but hurry I SunSCabe Holi- 
days. 01908 5747 ATOL 
CORFU VILLAS We Mill hove 
aiauaOdtly Sunday IO.2e.31 
Aug tor 2 wki Beautiful vmw 
nr ihe beam ex Galwick. Pan 
world Mondays. Oi 734 2Su2 
BREZCC. Unspom Wands. Cheep 
flights. ViUa rentals rtr. 2 eua 
Hobdays Ol 454 1647. Aioi 

RHOOES Lux anon hate from 
£18900. 6/8. surame. 0706 


A villa, a pool and a beaulilul 
view wnat more could you 
want? Cnoose from Tuscany. 
Sardinia or Raveflo ■ Ihr lovcti- 
er nans of lUdy where the mans 
market operators don't go Or 
combine a villa nouooy with a 
nay in Venire, no rente or 
Rome FVee brochure from 
Magkr of naiy. Dept T. 47 Shep- 
herds Bush Grom. WI2 BPS 
Tel. Ol 749 7449 (24 hr* 
sen ter) 


HARBELLA. Lux villas with 
ooaH. Avail July la Oct. Ol 409 
2858. VH la World. 



TURKEY- inclusive holidays 
avaiunie. 6. 12. 19 Aug Irani 
£269 Turkish Drbteii Holi- 
day*. oi H9t 646oa4nnk 
ATOL 2047 



*3*1. A\bH JU/OCL 01 409 
SttW. VlllaWarid. 

HOTTMe MU. W2 Fabulous 
Carden naL 2 Bed. Recea. KIL 
Bath. Garden To |M designed 
suadant*. Lsv 109 yrs. CH. 
Cios.DOO me Cut* err. Anthony 
Hill A Co. 229 0072. 

Georgian cortege, need* com- 
plete mooermsalian in make 
cnarmlna 2 bed. 2 Da Ui. pled et 
terre. £7&_ooo rreenom tor 
OUKk sate. 01 454 0489. 

BAYSWATKRWX I bed flat tow- 
mr ground, nuiefulty renovated, 
oosr lo tube and amenities. 
Lons lea s e. Offers £63000. Trl 
Ol 243 0662 eves 


BEL9IZE PARK - Sunny. 2 toed 
garden ftaL Lounge, kitchen A 
bathroom. 60 * south-west gar- 
den OCH. V low outgoings 
Exe decor. FH. £89.960 tor 
a rack tale. Tel : oi 722 5789 

PRBMMOBC NHL deUghlfuf sun- 
ny in floor 2 Bedroom balcony 
fill. £75X00. TeL 01 7227S96 

BBNOKATEi UniwM gomion cm 
loving protec t ed sea vtews^, 
“opMond aspect. Total arcM- 
»ci conversion and re- 
jworanon. 2 beds, a nains. r r 
NHchm. detached home. Amac- 
iSF Jg«TO.. garage Freehold. 
Cr&OOO TeLlO303)52416 (an- 
swer pnone) 


^>. 01-629 6604^ 


Fof UtelbBst 

rental lafaction of 


in prima London areas 

270 f arit Ctnrt Rost SWS. 

01-244 7353 


120 Hofland Park Aw, W11 


BuxpbcmH pomhouso spirt 2 
DIM Badrms. Sou Boettm. Huge 
Racapaon Rm Madng x> Roof 
Tea Lux Road Kit Bamnn 
Snower Rm. Hsqti quaUy fur- 
nemngs A Mnnge. Alarm 
system Lift Porter. A««f now 
for Company Rama). Efi50pw. 


SW 17 Prof M/r Single Room 
in Virtorvan Cotuge ov rrtoot- 
ing puking Ikrld*. Nr Station. 
CarhiieWi or Total rw Broadway 
Tune Good bus conneroan* to 
me Strand A Kentingion. 
£40gu> met of Electricity. 
chschw hut not i tle p nou *. 
01 037 9847 

RCLCRAVIA. Spacious boauHful- 
b oppomied flat in naimif 
penod Braiding i large bed- 
room. Huge drawing rm. k A b. 
resutenl porter, ttfl. lease 3/6 
yrs Rent £8.000 pa. exc rales 
A services. Company let. Cco. 
Trollope Ol 824 81 1 1- 

serviced. 2 double bedrooms. 2 
necepn ow *. heurroom with w r. 
srperaie ctookroom. Near tube 
and buses £36000 par weak. 
Go let only. Phone Monday - 
Saturday 10 00 am ■ 800 am 
01 981 5109. 

CHELSEA Period house. 4 bens. 2 
receov. 2 boms. Ml - all ma- 
chines. landscaped Milo / 
garters Furnished or unfur- 
orshrt shon/long lets £600 pw 
Goddam A Strum 
01-950 7321 

LAME LUXURY furnished flat. 
Wl 6 mm walk US Embassy. 
Available immediately. 3 Beds. 
2 Rereos. mown A 2 Baths 
Gas or AUappuanm Lang lei 
prer £390pw. Tcb Ol -629 
6102 07 

H PLLAMP PARK mm from 
Tube, drtghdul 1 bed spacious 
flat with lugn ctiUags and full 
lengm windows, mi - an nu 
efune*. b»tn £225 pw 
Goddard A South 01930 7521 

amodcam EXEcurmn seek 
lux flats nouses £200 - CIOOO 
g w. usual fees rag. Plumps 
Kav A Lewis. Sown of me Park, 
cnetsea office. 01-362 Sill or 
Nenn of the nm. Regent's 
Park Office. 01-686 9882. 
Superb spacious iu fir im 
o'loomng garden. 1 DM bedrm. 
Igr reevo. Ui A batnrnr. Avau 
now Lorn Co Ltl £350 PW. 
Maskeib Ol 581 2216 
NIL BeautduUy furntshtd. 
bngnl spacious la floor spm 
level 1LH. Use BR St 1 bed. Igr 
recep. i/f kiicnen A nam. avau 
1 yr. £90 nw. Refs required. 01 
882 >883 e. 01 353 6148 d«y 
DM. Immpc dec Fulham house 
wtihio cosy distance lube 3 
bed r ooms, double reception 
room. ku. bathroom, oordrn. 
6/9 moths. Go tel. £300 pw. 
Sullivan Thomas 731 1333 
Wll HOWE Nr Holland Park 
and La inner M Um. 3 
brdrms. bteh. 25' recent, 
knchen/dlner. sonny garden, 
oiuef Or re*, long ra kl No 
agenbi £185 pw. 221 3853 
BROOK BREEN W8t Newly dec 
gdn flat I bed. 1 recep. k A b 
ana uutny rm. Sun rouote 
£120 p/w. Ring Ol-60<Ve3C,T7 
X3206 Idayl 602 7359 I eve) 
MjQAI IE SQUARE. Smart 1 bed 
flat. minutes want from 
Kmgtitsoridg* shop* and enter- 
tainments. Long Co Let. £260 
pw Burtvanam: 351 7767 
AME RIC AN BARK urgently re- 
Quire* luxury flats and houses 
Iram £200 ■ £1.000 pw Ring 
Burgess Estate Agents 681 9136 

AVAILABLE NOW Luxury note A 
houses, cnetsea. Kmontstonage. 
Belgravia. £200£2000pw. 
Tel: Burgess sai 6136. 
C H MWI C K. W4. (mraaculau- 2 
b-d Hal in excMtent dec order. 
Lo* recep. CH. warn macn. 
£150 pw. 727 9703 ID 
E2. New luxury sownnouse. 2 
dbtes A I angle beorm. 2 
bauirms. nix ku Gar. Co lei 
£300 pw. Ol 435 9886 «TX 
FAMILY HOME Sawn London. 
Fully funwhed with na KHdi- 
en. Nr Tfarapon. £1 15 686 
7576 Rental CuMr 
N12. Well frartsfied rtu. 2 beds. 

1 rwrepugn. kilchen. bath in 
serviced btock. CH Pleasant 
outlook. £85 pw. 445 2819 
ST JOHNS WOOD. h» 2 dble bed 

designers flat, all raollttes avail 
Long tel. £250 pw Oi 229 
6408 Id) or 01-723 8918 te) 
SWS. Newly decorated 2 bed flM 
ui garden sa. 2 rams tube. Long 
Co Lei £160 pw. Buchanans: 
351 7767 

Wl/2 NWL/X Holiday long lef 
accgmnuwanon wanted uroenl- 
ly. 01 958 1846 Sunil ng. 


Suoeib atlqteini noise n ms na- 
<M> stma od LowndEs Soara tody 
Hemmed led drogacd to ao p- 
wnetj rmn Rncad ettovn lufli 
mwni nnn. 3 out (mbs. 1 A 
' Bed. 2 BBRoems |i so smel fee 
Mctten EkHUDDOi. garage. iteMaM 
Rag ia OSO OR neck 
Heray decorated oooWMnnMl 
hoose eft Chebea Green traftea 
ywpooig area MMcag Oobnce ot 
meMutRoM 2 ob it bos. 1 sole 
bed double leaepccn ream. Mth ea 
? Mis Mute tong tts. EOS per 


Charmag news ikus* weh a gvage 
■MMuntagdsBHPOl Lags tad 
are Be FgCam Road. Qousto reap- 
oon ream, im cte fred re oia s . 2 
tunmoras. sep cJsauam. uatn . 
long let £350 pn ueeL 

FRIEM)& ^ 

01-984 5381 




Lmiuig t M an egeii u 

01- Kl 7757 


... M J 
S: C J 
i Aru & 


Super Trumes new* from 1/2 
Bed fuc in luxury devetop- 
nu-nl Rxin’oe A use of 
communal oarorm £ 180 - 

JC250PW COOM-S 828 8251. 

home, newly dec throughout 3 
Beds. Ohte Recep/Dmer. KIL 
Bain. Small Conservatory lead- 
ing ka Carom £250pw. Coates 
828 8251 

F.W.CAPP (Management Sef 
vicrsi Lid red mre prapcrtles in 
central south and west London 
areas tar waning appocantoOl ■ 
221 8838. 


mail A regd for bplmitt. 
nerumes Long A snort lets in 
•ll areas. Unfriend A Co. 48. 
Albemarle Si 1*1 014995334. 

CHELSEA flat Lge Bghf ntuna 

room 2 bed* kilchen. bath- 
room Sep wc Car shops. CIS 
mer £190pw. 01 352 2677 

HAMPSTEADNr Heath. Lux Turn 
flat 2 brarrm. lge lounge, dliunp 
area Country kilchen. Of. MM 
1 year £295 pw. 794 2789 

h'emingfon FuHy serviced Oaf 
lor 2 LUI Phone Cal TV. CH 
rt< Ol 58a 2414/786 4281. 

from C100-L3000PW ppnoaal 
Service 01458 3680 or 0896- 
692824 anyume iT) 

WANTED Superior proptnica tor 
looo/sharf CO lets 01-4583600 
nr 0836 592824 anytime iTJ. 

ALBERT (ft 9 w 8. altracttvcty 
funusned garden fIM m bated 
Victorian Souarr. 2 bednxxns. 
loungr. tatty rated audien- 
batnroam. CCH. letephosw. 
available from September unW 
July 1986 £120 p w 5823310 
■Homei. 213 4735 (Office). 

BIT MIL Tti* number to remem- 1 
b» when seeking best rental 
properties in central and prone 
London areas £150.- E2.000PW. 
2 BEDROOM FLAT wan yard 6 
parking Nr Tube Sm £85 686 
7576 Rental Grade 
CHELSEA Immoc lux flak balco- 
ny. dote bed. recent. ML porter. 
£199 pw Long teL 622 6825. 
CHELSEA. Kings Road. Lux fin 
3 bedim. £165 pw Mag Diana 
01 549-8933 i day I 

en Has telephone Nr amens. 
£40 006 7576 Rental Guide 
FLATS. HOUSES. Beono. Rooms 
0 *M aB areas. 935 IB46 

H AM M ERSM IT H cofMortaM* 2 
bedroom garden flat nr Tube. 
CH £120 pw Tel 749 3162. 
Week lo 3 MOfltM I ran £300 lo 
£3000 pw 01957 9681. 
HENSaWTOK. £138 pw Excel- 
lenl spaoous well furnished 2 
bed ga rden rtu. 603 9066. 
KEMSDKTON. Lux studio flat. 
Col TV. etc 6 nuns. £90.00 pw. 
Ten 01-570 6o81 
KMmTSHRKmE. bnmacixsse 2 
bed flat. £375 pw. Jennifer 
Dram Oi 727 itbs. 

LOOK! HO for me best flaf. du- 
plex. _ house In London? 
£l 00 / 1000 pw Can 589 5481. 
MAIDA VALE WS Super 2 bd gdn 
flat- Recep. K&B Co teL Avail 
lO Aug £!50pw 286 4866 
outer and charming tocauon. 
£156 p w. Trl Ol 998 6504. . 
SOUTH LONDON Houses. Oats. 
brOUb A shores Most areas. 
686 7576 Rental Guide 
SWS lge. mod town hse 6 bed. 2 
ref. pmm A gge £B50pw An- 
d rr Lan auvrr oi «gi 7822. 
URODIT wonted Hte 4/8 bed. 
fbl/hsr tor Iona ra. ih. usual 
le e*. M ♦ B Ol 637 0821. 
WANTED.3 bed Hse/Flai for 5 re- 
spect youg girts Ir Sep S-London 
Max X35PP pw. 0273 4SS5S3 
COMact Richard or Mirk. Davis 
Wood* A CO 402 7381. 

WMBLESON AREA. Gd letecnpn 
hses/nalv No lee la ienanis. 
Williams A Son 947 3130 


MEWS COTTAGE WS. 2 beds to 
mud and manning tocauon. 
£155 P.w Tel Ol 998 6504. 

mm SK 




rasas ;i«I8: 





Moran stops the 
rot in the ring 

Scottish surprise in 
men’s badminton 



Smooth progress 
on the bowls road 

Markswatnan adds 

silver to gold 

Canada shade 
the opening 
battle against 
arch rivals 

' w 

■# X; 

By Srikumar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 
Canada edged projecting himself onto 
ahead of England Haddock's fists, 
as the two coun- The super-heavyweight 
tries entered the bout was a wrestling mat ch fo r 
final stages of the the first round with the referee 
boxing com- having to tell the boxers to get 
petition at Ingliston yesterday, on with ^ It was only m the 
Of the four semi-final bouts second, when Lewis caught 

between the two nations. Can- Oyebola with a looping right, 
ada won two of the first three, that the match came w litt 
Asif Dar. of Canada, stopped but that one punch ended rtaU 
Joseph Jecote in the third n Jt h( ra 

round of their lightweight 
bout and in the super-heavy- 
weights, Lennox Lewis 
knocked out James Oyebola in 
the second. However, James 
Moran, the ABA champion, 
saved the day for England by 
unanimously outpointing 
Brent Kosolofski. 

Dar, the exciting, young. 
Pakistani-born boxer who is 
wanted by Mike Jones, Gerry 
Cooney's manager, showed 
exactly why he is so much in 
demand He was altogether 
too good for Jacobs. Dar grew 
in confidence with every 
whiplash hook to the body, 
dropping the Englishman to 
the floor in the second with a 
right cross. By the third, he 
was beating Jacobs while eas- 
ing up, the referee stepping in 
as yet another looping left to 
the body had Jacobs wincing 
and reeling. 

Dar's opponent in the final 
will be Neil Haddock of 
Wales, who was an easy points 
winner over Byton Mphande 
of Malawi. The African did all 
the chasing but hardly landed 
a blow worth noting and . 
merely succeeded in 

floundering to the canvas and 
was unable to continue. 

Moran’s light-heavyweight 
bout with Kosolofski was 
barely more edifying as the 
Canadian, all muscle and 
menace, rarely launched him- 
self into the attack. Moran 
caught the judges' eyes by 
cleaner punching when he did 
manage to catch the 

Earlier, Mark Epton, the 
light-flyweight, put England 
on the right road to the semi- 
finals when he stopped Wilson 
Docherty of Scotland in the 
second round. Epton set on 
against the Scot from the first 
bell, forcing Docherty to take 
two counts, and he did not 
stop his assault until the 
referee stepped in. 

’ Sean Murphy, the ABA 
bantamweight champion, be- 
came yet another English 
boxer to go through to the 
finals when he beat Glen 
Brooks of Scotland on points. 
Brooks fought back gamely in 
the third round, catching Mur- 
phy with a good right, but the 
Englishman's right hand grad- 
ually wore the Scot down. 


Scottish fling: Middlemiss en route to reaching the last eight (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Middlemiss is bright spark 

Guinness rides punches 

Like Daley Thompson, the 
Commonwealth Games boxers 
became Guinlcss on Tuesday 
night. Under orders from the 
Games federation, they went 
into the ring with rape blacking 
out the logo on their vests. 

Frank Hendry, the director of 
boxing, said: “We had a direc- 
tive from the Games Organizing 
Committee, apparently because 
Guinness are sponsors of the 
athletics, not the other sports.” 

Success a 
tonic for 
world bid 

While the brewing giants 
kicked up a tremendous fuss 
when Thompson inked out their 
name on his athletics vest, they 
were totally unconcerned this 
time. They are revdling in the 
free advertising, estimated to be 
worth several hundred thousand 
pounds, and the latest episode is 
sure to generate more welcome 

But a Guinness spokesman, 
said: ”11 does seem that the 
federation are nitpicking.” 

By Richard Eaton 

Kennv Middle- allowing Goss six points, as well 
miss, an electrical as some hope. This is a short- 
engineering stu-. coming he must eradicate, but if 
dent, aged 22, he does, an attempt at full-time 
eliminated John badminton must be worthwhile 
Goss the Ca- when he finishes his studies in a 
nadian seed, 15-3, year’s time. “I would love to 
15-9 to reach the men’s singles think that he would. He has so 

quarter-finals yesterday. 

It was. though, not so much 
an upset as a demolition. 
Middlemiss, the slim, spare and 
flame-haired Herriot Watt stu- 
dent. was faster, more flexible, 
and quicker in his reactions, and 
was physically superior to the 
tall Canadian from the start to 
almost the finish. 

It was only at 12-3 that he 
faltered, growing nervous, and 

much potential.” said Allan 
much C am P beU ' ^ Scott* 811 coach. 

lition. Middlemiss now has the su- 
perb Sze Yu. the Chinese-born 
m" Australian, standing between 
ixibie, ^im and the chance of a medaL 
^ Sze Yu. whose name translated 
10 ' “ e means badminton, once again 
3X1 to looked like Mr Badminton yes- 
terday. He disposed of Glenn 
rat he Stewart, the New Zealander, by 
and 15-8. I5-I- 

Phti Home, another New 
Zealander who caused the first 
upset on Tuesday by beating 
Phil Sutton, the seeded Welsh- 
man, also reached the last eight. 
He did so when Michael 
Scandolera, who clinched Aus- 
tralia's team bronze in the 
mixed doubles on Sunday, with- 
drew with an injured shoulder. 

Home, a first class cricketer 
from Auckland, now meets Nick 
Yates, the No. 2 seed, while the 
England favourites.Steve 
Baddclcy. the top seed beat 
Darren McDonald, of Australia 
— pink and pastel blue quartered 
shorts and all — by 15-4, 15-8. 
and Helen Troke, the women s 
bolder, beat Katrin Lockey, 
another Kiwi, 1 1-4, 1 1-1. 

jolted Prince Edward, chieftain 
of the festival, had beaten his 
sword on his shield, waving it to 
all four points of foeCMupassin 
the inangoral rites fur the I98fe 
Esfatagti Highland Games at 
the Meadowbank Stadium. 

The yomift prince was a 
suitably warlike successor to 
Eng Malcolm Camnore, who 
began the tradition at Braemar 
in 1040. What followed the 
opening ceremony, however, oh 
occasions bore tittle resenv- 
Manoe to the real thing. 

their version of 
ding. On the fonts of strength, 
described in the programme as 
“undent and primitive manhood 
tests” was the pulling of a heavy 
lorry “in two different styles”. 
This was duly achieved by a 
Californian whose chest mea- 
sured 5 ft 5 ms, a Canadian, au 

Icelander, a solitary Scot and 
(“the final insult” according to a 
watching Highlander) an 


“Ach non, all this frivolity is 
ridiailoas,” complained John 
Robertson, a HighLuad beef 
farmer Scotland's former imder- 
21 caber tossing champion. He 
maintained that the cabers 
looked snspicioasty tighter than 
the usual 130 Ih, 17 foot poles. 

The track-pulHng achieve- 
ment made a considerable im- 
pact though on the Maori 
dancers from the tiny Cook 
Island, a New Zealand depen- 
dency. “I am shivering, oh boy, 
we are shaking, ' Mrs 
Ynpohoyna Tarraro confided 
earn estly. “We are very tacky to 
see such a thing. When it 
actually moved we said th an k 
God we saw such an unbeliev- 
able thi ng.” 

The Maori rfnffiaSsoss, hip- 
and breast-shaking, and arm 
waring, brought forth ™gby 
■miM memories for die locals of 
the All Black halms) at 

To the Commonwealth out- 
siders, or even English visitors, 
ranch of the genuine sporting 
activity was also a paste. There 
were these fellows swfesgfes 
heavy weights between their 
ippe, a peculiarly hazardous 
riling in view of what foreigners 
understand is, or is not, worn 
under their Idlts. There were 
these huge brates lifting massive 
stones, the heaviest, 300 Dm, on 
to huge whisky barrels, presum- 
ably foitiss to break them open 
and down their con te nt s . 

widely varying 
fortunes. in: the 
beats of the 
metfs200jneires 1 
individual med-. . 
Icy yesterday raom^ Netl' 
Cochran, the Olympic bronze 
medal winner from Aberdeen 
set the fastest time in qualify-’ 
ing of 2 initiates 5,16 seconds, 
finishing ahead, of Alex . ' 
Baumann, the ..Canadian 
world record holder, the man 
who took the gold medal in 
Los Angeles: . 

But Scottish hopes of hav- 
ing three representatives in 
the final received a double 
blow. Robin Brew, the team 
captain, who was fourth in the 
Olympic final missed out on: 
the final qualifying place by 
.41 sec. while his younger - 
brother, Paul, missed his heat 
because : of glandular fever. 

Their father, Archie Brew, 
who is also one of the Scottish 
coaching staff,- said: “It is a 
terrible shame because Paul is 
the' fastest man in Britain in 
the . 200 merits medley this 
year and everybody bad been 
saying howwell he had. been " 
going in training. He is defi- 

nitely rtded out of 
month’s world championships 
as well, but be will be back. 

England will have two 
representatives in the foedley 
final, with G*ry BinfiddjFJ: 
John Davey, of the Salford- 
club, qualifying, in fourth and 
sixth 1 daces, Kathy Read, aged 
17, from Gorieston, who com- 
petes for Stockport Metro, 

metres backstroke final 

Sarah Hankastle, who al- 
most qmt swim ming. four 
months ago aftera blazing row 
.wjfo;a Jealous ‘rival, has foe 
time and the talent to smash 
world records at both 400 and 
800 -metres freestyle in the. 
Juture. This was made, dearby 
the two fine goW ined^ swims 
by the' .17 year-old Southend 
gurf this week.. Her 4 minutes 
_ 07,68. seconds for. foe- 400 
metres in- Sunday's final was 
' only 1.4fec outside foe world 
record of Tracy VTickhanLof 
Australia. . ‘ 

But she came cveti dosier ip 
: a new world mark Oh Tuesday 
night with her 8 minutes 24 J7 
seconds foAfoe 800 metres, 
just Q.ISsec behind another. 
.Wickham record. 

mj i 


Kil j i j 




- By Gordon ABan 

New Zealand beat 
Bay HB1 of Wales 
21-15 ta the men's 


By JiraRaflton 

England's suc- 
cesses in the 
Games regatta 
have given the 
team a boost for 
their most grad- 
ling test of the season, the World 
Championships in Nottingham 
in three weeks' time. They have 
much to reflect on, also. Steven 
Redgrave; a modest man as weU 
as a fierce warrior, will go down 
in sporting history as the first 
oarsman and scalier to win three 
gold medals in a rowing 
championship. This is a feat 
only achievable in the Common- 
wealth regatta with two final 
days three days apart. Nobody 
in their right minds would 
attempt it in the World 
Championships' one-day finals. 
But. nevertheless, one has to 
admire Redgrave's feat. 

Great Britain has an 
embarrassment of riches at the 
Cop. Olympic and Common- 
wealth gold medal winners 
Redgrave and Andrew Holmes 
together with coxswain Adrian 
Ellison will compete in the coxed 
pair, in the World Champion- 
ships as Britain's flagship. Al- 
ready they wear the heavy 
man tle as favourites having 
beaten the Italian World and 
Olympic gold medal winners 
twice this season and setting a 
new record on Lucerne's Rotsee 

The other two of the Common- 
wealth gold medal coxed fonr, 
Adam Clift and Martin Cross, 
compete in the World 
Championships, and as # 
coxless pair. They came within 
gOOths of a second of winning 
the World title last year and 
were victorious in Lncerne- 

Many of the British team wfl. 
be off to Amsterdam tomorrow 
to bnOd up for the World 
Championships by way of a 
training camp the ‘staJag*. The 
British eight will have their 
thinking caps on already after 
their silver 

medaL They have been beaten 
now by Australia Price while 
New In Satur day s 

finals OU foe outside hue, were_ 
beaten by the weather rather 
than manpower. Britain's eight 
know they have to find more 

speed in the first half of the race 
without sacrificing their exem- 
plary finishing speed. 

needs roof 

George Miller, the president 
of the Scottish cycling muon, 
warned yesterday that the ram- 
soaked velodrome fares certain 
rain unless a roof is erected 
immediately. He said that the 
£400.000 it cost to hufld the 

wooden track vronld be a wasted 

investment otherwise. 

Daring less foan 15 minutes ©f 
cycling. Edward Alexander, ©f 
Scotland, and Alex Ongaro, of 
Canada, each won a race in their 
best-of-three sprint semi-final, 
while Paul McHugh, of En- 
gland, was knocked out 




THIRD ROHM* S BaddrtW (Bxflt# D 
McDonald (Ausl 15-4. 15-& G Hobson 
(NZ)WL McKenna (©AIM, 1W N 
Yates (Eng) W Hung LrtlHKL 
While (Scot) M Ylk K« Yeung (HtQ.15-6. 
1 M: M BuBw(C^)MK Harrimn(Nqi5- 
5 is* P Home (NZ) bt MSandotara 
(Aus), sen K Mtodtemtes (Scot) bt J Goss 
(Cant 15-5. 15-9; Sze Yu (Am) M G 
Stewart (NZ), 15-8, 15-1. 

Doubles _ 

SECOND ROUND: A Goode land N Tor 
(EngJMA White and I P*^o(Soo^1£-15. 
15?. 17-6; D Trava reand W GWtgnd 
(Scot) W P Home and G Robson (NZ) 15-2, 
11-15.18-14. j 

McDonald and G mu 
15-10: K Harrison antf S| StevwtJNZ) i W I M 
Oe Beta and M Bitten (Can). 12-15, 15-m 

tong (Aus) bt 

18-13. 15-12: 

I Travers and Catena Eft M Butter and K 
Poole (Can). 15-3, 15-3. 



SSM-FINALS: G Nehwnd (Aus) M P 
McHugh (Ena) 2-0. I1-5sec and 11-28; E 
Alexander (dan) level 1-1 «tto A Ongaro 
(Can), 11-34 and 1156. 




200 metres meefley 

05.1 6seG 2. R Brew (Scot). 2:08.76: 3. D 

HEAT TWO: 1. V Davis (CanL taim 
06-lteec; 2. BinfteMJEng). fOSSI^R 
Woodhouse (Aus), 2rf&56: 4. I Rosser 
M 2:12.02. 5. D Un (SIN) 2:15.79; 6, G 

SnSb (Gjgrt. 231.39. 

HEAT THREE: 1 . A Baumann Kbn). 2mn 

HEAT THREE: 1. 0 McGinnis (C«4. &nin 
12.71 sac: 2. S Purvis (Ena). 2:15.03: 3. M 

12.71 sec; 2. S Purvis (EngL 2d- 
(T Fee (Eng). 2:16.11: «. c amn (Aus), 
25150; 5/S Lewis (WrtL £2331. 

Rapid Rre Pistol Individual heat thrEe i. a Bai*nano(CanL anin 
FINAL: 1. P Murray (Aus) MIpsIGwnes 05.91 sec 2. J Davw(g«L 2:06 ; ffi^3 ; A 
record): 2. A Breton (Gw) 588: ^ M McDonald JAus). fcokOO: 4. R Chwnotl 
Howtons (Can) 585: 4. 6 Irving (Wsl) 582; (Can). 2:08i8:5.BFMter(NZ).aiA25:6. 

Howtons (Can) 585: 4. G hinng pwefl iw. (Can). 2:08.28:5.0 Foster^ mg* 
5. B GMng (&w| 581; 6. A Cnevrefils yi Mmq Tsana (HK). 2:16.83: 7. G Sbgant 
(Can) 581: 7. J Mast (Aus) 588.8. H Lxwe hom) £23.01 

(Scot) STB: 9. H Hunter (Scot) 577: 10. M (XJALIPCRS FOR FINA L: Cochr an. 
Jay(wal)576: 11. Ctamg Kin Ho (HG) 575: Baumann. Dava. Btoheid, Woodhouse. 
12. T Turner lEng) 574; 13, GmwrtUjHG) Davey. McDonald. Chemotl 
570: 14. B O'Neale (NZ) 567; 15. G La „ 

Maura (Guar) 558. 4 x 100 metres Medl 

7, G Stigant 

Bps, Punns, O Fea. Hardy. Horstead. 
Bewley. Montfotd. 

200 metres Backstroke 

(eutit fastest waify for final): 
l®T ONE: 1. C Oailc (NZ). Stem 
1926sec 2. C White (Eng), 221.14: 3, S 
Hume (NZ). 221.95; 4. B Rosa (Soot), 
222m 5. J Kerr (Can). 2i27.ia 

HEAT TWO: 1, G Parlies (Aus), 2mfri 
16.13sec 2, JMcGOtxm (Aus). 2:19^1:3, 
P Choquet (Can). 22 1 SI\ 4. S Wndnrarch 
(Eng). £23.42; 5. J Ewno (Scot). 22361; 
6. SPickering (Fiji) 239.89. 

4 x 100 metres Medley 

HEAT THREE: 1. K Read 
1 535sec: 2. A Moore (Aus). xaeuM; a. n 
Torrance (NZ). 221 .45: 4, B McBam (Can). 
22209: 5. A Ratcliff (Scot). 224.51. 

ATHLETICS (at Meadowbank): ll-SOm, 
men's 30km walk teal; 2pm, man s long 
jump Anal; 230, woman's 100m Iwdes 
semi-finals; 235, men's high jump final; 
2JS5, men's 200m semifinals; 3.15, 
women’s 800m final: 3J0, men's BOOm 
tmal: US, women's gwetoi fing- 1*. 
women's 20ftn final: 425, mens 5000m 
finafc 5JI5. men's 200m flnaL 
badminton (at Meadowbank Spocte 
Centre): 2pm, mtaed doubias second, 
third, and fpurth rounds; 6, afl events 

semi-finals. . , . 

BOWLS (at Balgreen): 9am, men s sin- 
gles. fours: womans singles, tours; 
130pm, men's pairs: woman s stores, 
pairs: 6, man's stogies, pairs, tours; 

women's pairs. . 

CTCUNG (Meadowbank Vetoteoma): 
7pm, 4000m team pursuit final; .10 mtas 

SHOOTING (at Barry Buddon): 1020am, 
fufi bora rifle todMdual firaM. (mx 



SmaO (Aus). 11-2. 11-9; C Sharpe (Cot)!* 
A Cfan (HK). 11-8, 4-11.1 1-8: G CJam 
(Eng) M R Cator (Aus), 11-3. 11-4. 



Sin oles 

K Bosley (HK) M M JH 21-1* A 
Watece (Can) M M Smitfi (Gm 4 21-1& P 
Pong (Flit) W A Thomson (Eng) 21-7^ 
Schubact (Aus) bt D La Marquend Her) 
21-10; Thomson bt Bay Young (MaT) 21- 

11; R Corse (Scot) W S fN Ire) 21 - 
18: 1 Dickison (NZ) bt R HB (WN) 21-15; 
DawdbtSmrth 21-14. 


Canada (B Boettger and R j Jon«) M 
Australia [A Black and K Henrickajai-'Z; 
Scotland (G Adratn and G Kn®0 bt 
Guernsey |M Naafle and B Crawtonfl 25- 
12: Fill (C Turanabea and J Singh) U 
Botswana (J Thackroy and R 
Mascarenftas) 25-11. 


Scotland (M Graham. G Roberaon. w 
Harkness. J Boyle) W Swite wl Wft 
Botswana bt Guernsey iG PUahou. B 
Murphy. C Blondel. B Smon) 29-22: 
Canada 23. Ry 15. 


FAndarcon (Bat) M Btottmsnn 

Individual Air Rifle 

FINAL: 1. G Lpnon (Can) 588P&: 2. S 
Bowes (Can) 583: 3.« Cooper (g»)5K 
4. A Wurfei (Aus) 578; 5,M GunelGueO 
578: 6. B MacNefi (Scot) 577:7.0 Amok! 
(Wall 576: 8. E Adlam (NZ) 574: 9LS Datey 
(Wai) 573; 10. R South (Eng) 572; 11. A 
Jtean (Scot) 569: 1Z W Jobst (Ai»1 568: 
13. S Pettereon |NZ) 561: MJOrtton 
(Guer) 558: 15. S Waiterson (IOM) 557:1 8. 
H Creevy (lOM) 554: 17.M Mace (N Ira) 
543; 18. C Ogle (N Ire] 530. 

Full Bore Rifle Individual 

Ponttons after two stages: 1. J Bloom- 
field (Eng) 2S3pts: 2. Lord Swansea (Wal) 
253: 3. A Manor (Can). 253: 4, N 
Crawshaw (Eng) 252: 5. S Gotosto (Aus). 
251: 6. R Courtney (Guer). 250: 7. B La 
Chemnant (Jer). 250; 8. 0 Calvert (N ire). 

HEAT ONE: 1. Australia (C Wilson. B 
Stocks. B Armstrong. G Fasaia) 3mm 
53 67sec; 2. New Zea&nd (P KineBnan. G 
Forbes. A Mosse. R Anderson) 354 34: 3. 
Singapore (D Lvn, Jm Te* Oon, Peng 
Siong Ang. Jirt Gee Oon) 453 02:4. Wales 
(l Rosser. 8 Parry, S Gwynne, G wafams) 

HEAT TWO: 1. Canada (M West. D 
WaBrngtonf. C Lamy. S Goss) 3mm 
54. 77 sec; 2. England |N HW, N 
GJBrigtram. A Jameson, R Lee) 35450: 3. 
Scotland (C Nelson. G Watson. H Laoh- 

Sanpson [Scot). 249; 13. J Corbett (Aus). 
249: 14.C MaltottUer) 248: 15. W Baldwm 
'Can). 247. 16. A Clarke (Scotj. 247; 17. F 
247: 18. P QwSam (IOM) 
246; 19. C Hockley (Wafi. 246: 20. C Burt 
<NZ). 244; 21. J Team (IOM) 243: 22. R 
WbOdSidflJHKG) 240; 23. B Saoud (MAW) 
238; 2*. P RuO (HKG) 237: 25 T Gama 
(SWA) 234: 26. J Smith (FAL) 232; 27. D 
5 (Swa) 232. 2B.B Summers iFat) 208. 

Staptoy. S Nissiots. T Ncate) 454.43. 
Scotland. New Zealand. Austraha, Can- 
ada. England. Singapore. Wales. 


200 metres Butterfly 


(Can). 2^1.61 : 5. S Cowte (Sort). 2:22^. 
HEAT TWO: 1. K PWHi^ (AusL amm 
13.11 sec: 2. J Horstead (Can). £1651: 3. 
StKxna Smart (Scot). 221-19: 4. M Madme 

Moore, McObbon. Read. Parkas. Clark. 
White, Choquet 



Highboard Diving 

FINAL: 1. C Rogeraon (Aus). 60a87pt« 2, 
D Bedard (Can). 576.81: 3, R 
(Wal). 561 54: 4. J Nash (C»U 560-25:5, J 
Hast (Can). 555.66; 6. N SHmon I&k,). 
545.64; 7. S Foley (Aus). 527 Jl; 8. 
Meade (Aus). 50957: 9. J Aijw 
47982: 10. J ««»e ^igL 449.85^^ 
vailnnce (NZL 44937; 12. S Forrest 

Valance (NZL 
(Scot), 43554. 


Springboard n , 

FINAL; 1. O FuBor (Can). 513.09pts; 2. J 
DonnetfAuS). 494 52; 3, K K^emenJ^n)- 
484.65; 4. V Beddoe (Aus). 481.5ft ; 5, N 
Swney (NZL 469£2; 6. J KMt (Aus). 
45VA7' 7. J Tysdate (Can). 440-70. 6. A 
Childs (Eng). 42657: 9. L BraalEng) 
414 36: 10. C Rosttee (Eng). 38721; 11. J 
OgdOT (SCOIL 31 1.73. 


Herkrissaa. J Boyle) W SwazffirndW-tft Men’s doubles 

wSSw^C^BtorSS 60 ^ Ivn^^ZZ; FStST ROUND: K Hamson and G Stewart 
^SS’23 Hi15 ' (NZ) MP Sown and A Spencer (WU)1£ 

Cana<laZ3 - FI, ' 1& - 10. 1 5-9. P Marwi end l Anoereon (tOM) M 

Women A AU and H Rasheed IMAL) 15-4. 1 5-0: M 


F Anderson (Bot).M M Bt mtmann (J ar ) ZU second ROUND: A Goode aid N Ter 
4 ; N Hunter (Can) bt J Hunwnreys jhk&i (Bn)btAWhiteandlPr«igle(Sco)lW5. 
21-7, W Lmo (Engl bt P La Tissiw gSwg 166. 17-16, M da Bale and M Butm (Can) 
21-9; Q Fahey (Atom RR)W1(NZ)ZI -19: u i Shared and M vajwh(Mal) 15-0. 15-1; 
S McCrona (Sco« bt A DaMon . (WW iZt- l WKams and C Rees (Wal) W YUt , Krt 


i rtssataiwssn gab^esagagn 

G Stewart BOWLS 

Man 200,11 butterfl y 

4 So! M Mei1 FINAL- 1. A Mosae (NZ). Imto 57 -27sgC 

^S« ( GA«. m |G- r i»H»g 

Stilus Kong (Hassan and Tso) 21-13- 201 .33. 6. A McDonald (AusL 2:1.48; 7. S 

Poulter (Eng). 2*224; 8. R Andereon 
(NZL 2;(fiL96. 


bt la Taster 21-1. 

Ai^rta (H Pochon and B Gcgfr eri W 

Brtraana (E Thomas and M 
Green) drew with Guernsey (M Smith and 
J Nettie) 19-19. 

SSIwia 18. New Zeatond Z6.-JJWK 0- 
Evans. J Rckrtts. fl Jones. L Parker) w 
England (B Atherton. M Aian.MPnce. B 
Rtier) 25-21 : Fiji 18. SwstNand 25. 



rma t-FtaALS: S OOon (Can) MJtodd(N 
Sfrec iK&on 1^91 W w Docfwty 
(Scot) rsc 2nd 


SEMHTNALS; S Itophy (Engltt 1 G 
Brooks (Scot), pts: R Nash (N Ira) bt J 
stiitoe (Jer), P*a- 

U^itweight ' _ M , 

^KFMALS: N Haddo^(W5 W \ 
Mphande (MalL rts: A Dar (Can) K J 
jacres (Soiree 3rd 
Thomas (War) rsc 1 st R Finch (Aus) bt A 
Muten (Scot) pts. 
SEMI-FINALS; H Lawson (Scot) &t B 
Pigen (Wal) disq 3ttt J Moran (Eng) bt B 
Kosotofski (CanLPtS- 

aw « j 


Men’s doubles ***** W 1Mi 154,1 

TRST ROUND: K Hamson and G Stewart BOWLS 

NZ) bt P Sutton and A Spencer (Wrt) 15- 
i0. 15*9. P Marwi end l Anoerson (tOM)M Men 
t All and HRasheed(MAL) 15-4. 15ftM 
^andotera and P Kong (Aus) H A Trabert Pans 

iral D Lp Trcsisr (Guen 15-3. 154. Scotland (G Adrian and G Knew) bt Hong 

{ECONO ROUND: A Goode aid N Ter Kqoo i Ha Man and Tso) 21-13. 

Eng) bt A White and I Pmgie(Sca) 10-15. 

154. 17-16. MdeBrtte and M Baten (Can) Fours 

fl l Shared and MVajeeh (Mai) 15-0. 15-1; cwmni im sekier LBowdeaJ Hahns. P 
„ ^ WBams and C Raes (Wall W Yik Kej g^^ ^S^T^ Prtschoci. B 

21-14. Hunter Yeung ^ Hung LtejHK) ly j, 15-6; M Bto«j3!BSmon) 1 1: Australia 

Butler and K Poole (Can) bt B Thompson 5i?2rifwm iraland (B Montgomery. R 
and R Kaag (N Ire) 17-16. 1M; a Gteiand wXx.) 17: 

a GAdfrav) bt vkS 0 Travers (Scot) M P Home end G fU Graham G Robertson. W 

“Si SsSSaHSi Steijsa 

(M Smith and ? Bo™»» a. Hong Kdng 23. 

Podger and J Stuart (Guer) 15-1. 15-5: u/ nm nn 
Scandolera and Kong bt Martm and WOHieil 

j 26; wales (l Anderson i5-z i5-i. Singles 

i. L Parker) M uiAnum’s doubles F Anderson (Bot) bt Hunter 21-16; J 

S1ST- B EJSSR5S*i«n«wr--a 

(Eng) MEAIen and J Allen (Scot! 15-2.15- Fours 

AustraiB 25. Northern Ireland 9; Scottand 

E Johnson (IOM) 17-15. 15-9; R Cator and Fitei HWWfl OF # IS 

Gj^Swates 23: Hongkong 21. 

ja T JS^rSwS?fS^S boxing 

Troke and JF Bbott (&n>g) bt a F eatherweight 

S^^W^WdFSreith g^^-CCartetontNireJtRA 

SETOND TOUND:' eriaajMnM Light welterweight 
J«PP 15^1^ OUARTER-FINAL& B Lowe (N Ira) bt J 

P««ler (Scot), pts: H Grant (Can) M M 
Lushabad (Swaz). rsc 2nd. 


200 metres freestyle 
FINAL: I.SBaumar (Aus), 2mm 0051 sec: 
2, J Kerr (CanL ft03-40; 3. R GHflten 
(ScOtL 203.B8; 4. F McUy (NZL M4.01; 
e * rtmww icmi, 2d)4.19: 6. M Pearson 
Noafl (Can). 2.05 XM; 3. 

Troke and F EllxXt (Eng) bt A Stephens (N 
Ireland K Wfips (NZL1 W, 15^: KJupp 

aid T Small (Aus) bt W Luxion and F Snwh 

^oSNO^rouNfa' (Mi : and tOwan iM 
jupp and Small 15*2 1S-i: Sharpa sxJ 
OOrtwr bt Beckett and I Una WB W. 

800 metres freestyle 

FINAL; 1. S Hafttastte (Ento, 8mto 
24.77 sec a J McDonald (Aus). 8952; 3. J 
Burke (AusL 8:41 64: 4. K Mtoqr (Eng. 
8:4415 5,DWlrtW^JCan).|44.«: 
6. A McVann (Ausl, 8:53.03: 7 G Stentey 
(EngL ft54.l9; 8. K Mdm (CanL 8:5794, 

4 x 100 metres medley 

FINAL: 1. England (S Hmdmarch. S 
Brownsdon. C Cooper. N FibbenaL -torn 
13 48 sec (Games record): 2. Canada (B 
MeSatn. A Hgson- O McGtonia. J Ken). 
4:1449; 3. Australia (G Parkas, D Doug- 
las. K pumps. A Hams). 4:15.06; 4. 
Scotland (B Rase. JHB, S Smart L 
oSmOy). 4-.17.89: 5 . Wales (C Tucker. C 
HewTs Lews. M McKinnon. 4:30.70: 6. 

and Lodtey'i542 15-5. Middleweight 

Mixed doubles 

15-10. 15-12: M ScanbrtwaandAT^y ^ <F# ^ 1Mi 


(ffiMSMaissatsa Men 

Thompsro and BBetfteh -jqo metres backstroke 

final: 1. M Tewksbury (Can). 56^ec 


(Aus) W I Andereon and 6 JohraroflOW 
15-3- 15-2. 0 Travert and E 
J Stuan and F 5nwth (Guar j ' W g. HM S. 
15-5: R OutMrs^ jtod G “P 

Bsssn y&ggOM 

15. Hung U> and Amy Oran (HK) « A 
Trabert Hid W Luxton (Guar) 154 15-1ft 

110 kg plus class 

FINAL POSmONS; 1. 0 UlJgltAWl 

!US^£ 3 ; c I^S!:|i 

18745k 340.0; 5. K Webster (Wat) (140D. 
170JJL 310.0. 

anee. Edinburgh Unlverefty): 12, Arptetol 
IncBvkSual. _ 

WRESTLING (Playhouse Theatre* 6pm, 
second round. 


BBC 1: 9J30am - 12J0p ttc Barts, 
athletics, shooting._1_.15 - B-Cfe Men's long 
Jump, high jump. 800metr«s. S.OOOmetrsa 
and 200metres: woman's 800metre*. and 
javofcx bowls , Mdmimcn. rtwottog. 
9J0p m - L30: Hi gh li ghts and news of 
bowls, badminton. 

BBC 2: 6pm - 7.1S Badminton, bowta, 
shooteig. wraslllng. swimming. 

KEY | 

Aus: Austrrtte: Bonn: Bermuda: Bob 
Botswana: Can: Canada; Cay: Cayman 
islands: Cede Cook islands; Ena: En- 
gland: Frtfc Fate tend Islands; RJt Gte 
GiprattarrGuaR Guernsey; HKHori^oong: 
IOM: We of Marc Jer Jersey: Las 
Lesotho: Mai: Malawi: Malta; NZ: New 
Zealand: Nt Nortote (stands; N In: 
Northern keiano; Scab Scotland: Sing: 
Singapore: Swaz: SwazOand; Wafc Wales; 
WS: Western Samoa; Vara Vanuatu. 

Sturgess bows 
gladly to 
his track hero 

Coliii Sturgess fingered the 
silver medal hanging around his 
neck and said without a trace of 
disappointment: ”1 am ab- 
solutely thrilled." The fact that 
he had been beaten to the gold 
by Dean Woods, of Australia, in 
the final of ihe t 4,000 metres 
individual pursuit was no dis- 
grace. and Sturgess. at 17, was 
wise enough to lotow it 

The Leicester student hero- 
worships Woods to such an 
extent that he has a poster of the 
20-year-old Commonwealth 
Games champion on his bed- 
room wall. 

The youngster's performance 
- which included a British 
record of 4 minutes 51-23 
seconds in qualifying — fully 
justified foe faith shown in him 
by the England selectors. 

Only disappointed man. 
ironically, was Woods, who felt 
he would have beaten his own 
Games' record but fora mix-up. 
The double junior work! pursuit 
title-holder overhauled Sturgess 
with eight of foe scheduled 16 
laps to go, thus winning the 
contest. Officials decided he 
should be allowed to race on but 
Woods thought they were 
signalling him 10 Stop. 

“1 was on target for 4 minutes 
37 seconds." said the Austra- 
lian, who in qualifying had 
docked 4:43.92 to better an! 
eighl-ycar-old Games record by 
more* than five and a half 

last Commonwealth 
Bui when he looked at his 
category, beaded by -N 
Loban, the. England .Olympic 
bronze medallist, he felt that his 
chances of success, despite there 
just being six entries, were slim. 

Apart from Loban. there was. 
Doug Cox, five-times Can a dian 
national champion. Grant Bark- 
er from New Zealand and Alan 
Thompson from Australia, allot 
whom would have have given 
Weir a good ran for bis money. 

In casting around for a solu- 
tion, he came to foe conclusion 
that his prospects fora medal in 
the 100kg category were better, 
despite foe . weight difference 
wh£ch. against an opponent of 
equal skill, would normally be 
decisive. The trouble was that 
his natural weight was a kilo or 
so under the 90kg limit, and to 

make the- i 00 kg category, he had 

to push foe scales over 90kg. 
Having pondered over the prob- 
lem at the weekend, he decided; 
on Monday to go on a two-day 
eatipg binge. Cream cakes,j 
greasy ' chips, carbohydrates, 
sugars and fats by the bucket 
load, washed down with gallons 
of liquid. And he made it — 
feeling a little bloated. 

Imagine, then, his dismay 

when foe draw placed him in the - 

first round against Clark Davis, 
the Canadian champion who 
has twice been world-, silver 
medallist, and who is probably 
the most certain individual in 
the whole wrestling competition 
to take foe gold medaL 

To compound Weir's woe, an 
injury to Graham F . n gl tsh , of 
Scotland, from the 90kg at foe 
last-minute; would have again 
placed Weir's medal chances 
atbetier than fair. . 

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Qassy Double ** 4 •*- 
Schwartz to 
uphold Royal 
Ascot form 

By Mandarin 


■ ;s«Si^s 

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Doable Schwartz, a leading 
contender Tor the title of sprint 
champion, can uphold Royal 
Ascot form by beating 
Gwydion in a fascinating Kjng 
George Stakes, one of three 
pattern, races on an outstand- 
ing programme at Goodwood 
this afternoon. 

With Dublin Lad and Rich- 
ard Whitaker's pair. Orient 
and Clannme. in the Held, this 
five-furlong dash is sun: to be 
run at a oreath taking pace 
from start to finish and Dou- 
ble Schwartz may be among 
those taken off his feet in the 
early stages. 

It should be remembered, 
though, that this trio have 
done the majority of their 
racing in handicap company 
whereas Double Schwartz's 
form this season has been in 
oup races at Newmarket, 
ndown and Ascov 
When failing by the narrow- 
est of margins to overhaul 
Last Tycoon in the group one 
King's Stand Stakes at the 
royal meeting. Double 
Schwartz had Gwydion 2% 
lengths back in third and I see 
no reason for her to avenge 
that defeat today. 

Henry Cecil's filly has since 
run wejl to be third to Green 
Desert in the July Cup and 
then gamed her first success of 
the season in the Hackwood 
Stakes at Newbury - form 
which suggests she may be 
slightly better over six fur- 
longs ib an the minimum trip. 

Pnnra Sabo chased home 
his stable companion, Primo 
Dominie, in this race 12 
months ago but finished a long 
way behind Double Schwartz 
at Newmarket on 2,000 Guin- 
eas day and' has not run since. 

The majority of the others 
have been beaten by my nap at 
some stage this season and if 
there is .to be a surprise it is 
most likely to come from the 
French raider, Rose Of The 
Sea. who finished third in the 
Cheveley Park Stakes last 
autumn and led the LOCO 
Guineas field for five furlongs 
when returning to Newmarket 
in the spring. However, she 
was only third to Last Tycoon 
at Chantilly on her latest run 
and on a line through that 
winner, she has some to find 
with Double Schwartz. .. . 

The meeting bf LongBaii* 
and Valuable - Witness, the 

best two stavers in training, 
should make the Goodwood 
Cup the best race of its kind 
for some lime. 

Valuable Witness has not 
been beaten for 21 months 
and no store should be put by 
the fact that Jeremy Tree’s 
grand servant has not raced 
since April as he runs well 
when fresh- 

Nonetheless, the ground, 
which is officially good to firm 
on the round course, will 
favour Longboat and Dick 
Hem’s Ascot Gold Cup win- 
ner has the stamina and 
courage to make the most of 
this advantage. 

Siavordale and Tale Quale, 
who finished last and last but 
one behind Rakaposhi King at 
Lingficld last time out, would 
have to show staggering 
improvement to trouble the 
principals and Spicy Story is 
preferred to the handicap 
winner, Petrizzo. for minor 

. The Queen has an outstand- 
ing prospect in the Robeno 
colt. Romdlet, and this 
impressive Newbury winner 
can initiate a double for 
Longboat’s trainer and jockey. 
Dick Hem and Willie Carson, 
in the Lanson Champagne 
Vintage Stakes. 

The fact that Troy and 
mg Hem's 

Dominion Royale ((hr side) ap 
but Rich Charlie is 

to be bolding sway in the dosing stages of the Richmond Stakes at Goodwood yesterday 
ing the Caster ana snatches the verdict by a bead (Photograph: Tim Bishop) 

Sonic Lady a worthy champion 

Petoski are amor 
previous winners of this race 
gives some indication of the 
regard in which Roundlet is 
held at West Ilsley and it will 
be disappointing if he fails to 
follow up against today’s four 

Hem won the Dam ley 
Handicap 12 months ago with 
Roark and now saddles both 
Hauwmal and Temple Walk. 
But Magic Slipper, who out- 
stayed tnc useful Mtoto at 
Yarmouth a fortnight ago. has 
the best pedigree here and now 
has some excellent form. 

Joyful Dancer returned to 
his test form at Sandown last 
week and can defy a penalty in 
the Drayton Handicap while 
Domino Fire is fancied to defy 
top weight in the Levant 
Nursery Handicap. 

Guy Harwood, surprisingly 
without a runner at 
Goodwood, sends just one 
horse, Auchinate, to Don- 
caster for the Wakefield 
Malden Stakes and the hint 
should be taken. 

By Michael Seely 

Michael Stoute's record- 
breaking season continued when 
Sonic tjidy wad Scottish Reel 
gave the Newmarket trainer a 
remarkable one- two in the 
Swettenham Stud Sussex Stakes 
at Goodwood yesterday. Sonic 
Lady's pricelosa burst of Unfail- 
ing speed gave Beech Hurst its 
seventh group one winner of the 
year. This result lifted the 
stable's earnings in Europe in 
1986 to well past the £1'A 
million mark. 

This time Walter Swintwn 
had made do mistake fo his 
choke of mounts. Creville 
Starkey ensured a strong gallop 
on Scottish Reel but the writing 
was on the wall when the 
favourite was moved up two 
furlongs from home- Lengthen- 
ing her stride inside the dis- 
tance, Sonic Lady won by a 
length and a half. Pennine Walk 
stayed on to finish third with 
Bold Arrangement fourth. 

This victory In Europe's rich- 
est all-aged mile race entitled 
Sonic Lady to a lofty place 
among the fast fillies of racing 
history. And Stoute's mounting 
tally of victories In classic and 
group one races over the past few 
seasons has also given the 
Barbed hut- born genius a high 
ranking among the outstanding 
trainers of (he post-war era. 

To have produced Sheikh 
Mohammed's Nureyev filly at 

her peak after a Busy season, 
which has included a third in the 
1,000 Guineas and which has 
also comprised victories in the 
Irish 1.000 Guineas and the 
Coronation Stakes, shows the 
trainer to be an absolute master 
of his eraft. 

**1 shall now have to look at 
the Priv Jacques le Marois at 
Deauville for both hones. 1 took 
a chance in running Scottish 
Reel on this going, but if the 
ground becomes soft, he's going 
10 lake a lot of beating in these 
races. Then after that, there's 
the Priv du Moulin at 
Longchamp and the Breeders' 
Cup mile race on turf at Santa 

The trainer concluded by say- 
ing that Ihe results of the tests 
on Shalirastani, the beaten 
favourite in last Saturday's King 
George VI and Queen Elizabeth 
Diamond Stakes, were expected 

Robert Songster, the owner of 
the SwAttenham Stud and there- 
fore the sponsor of yesterday's 
nice, as good as admitted that 
the rumours Unking Cush 
Asmmsen with BaUydoyle and 
also with the bones owned by 
the Isle of Man-based mil- 
lionaire in England, to be true. 

This also infers that Pat 
Eddery has agreed to ride all the 
horses owned by K haled 
Abdulla in Europe io 1987. 
Eddery said that he had no 
comment to make. Asmnssen 

said that he wonld be meeting 
Mahmoud Fustok, h» present 
employer, for discussions next 

"No one can confirm or deny 
anything until the jockeys have 
finalized their contractual 
arrangements. And then it's up 
to them tn make the 
announcement," Sangster said. 
He then added: "I've had 17 
winners iu Britain this season 
and none of them have been 
uained by Vincent O'Brien or 
Michael Dickinson. But 111 be 
back.” concluded (be num who 
has been Britain's leading owner 
five times in the past nine 

The other pa Mem race, the 
OCL Richmond Slakes, resulted 
in triumph for Charlie Nelson 
when John Reid drove Rich 
Charlie past Dominion Royale 
in the final 100 yards to win an 
exciting race by a neck. 

Carol's Treasure finished 
third and Who Knows, after 
losing his place at halfway, 
stayed on to finish fourth. 
Cutting Blade, joint-favourite 
with the winner, was always 
struggling and could make no 
impression when switched to the 
outside over a furlong from home 
by Asmussen. 

It had been touch and go 
whether Rich Charlie would be 
in the line- up at alL "He banged 
his near-fore leg yesterday 
afternoon,” the framer said. 
“It’s been in an ice bucket every 

day since, even when travelling 
to the track and in the coarse 
stables." Rich Charlie will now 
go for the Gimcrack Stakes at 
York and after that will try and 
repeat the stable's previous vic- 
tory with Creag-an-Sgor in the 
Middle Park Stakes. 

Sw inborn had earlier initiated 
a double by winning the EBF 
Findnn Maiden Stakes on Can- 
dle In The Wind. Ray La ing, her 
trainer, who also completed a 
double later in the day when 
Respect and Ray Cochrane 
sprinted to a decisive win in the 
Singleton Stakes, said; "This is 
a big filly and she's taken some 
time 10 come to her best. She bad 
previously ran well against For- 
est Flower at Newmarket and 
l*m now going to train her for the 
Cheveley Park Stakes at New- 
market in the autumn." 

Abdulla, whose Scierpan had 
finished nmner-np to Candle In 
The Wind, soon saw his colours 
back in the winner's enclosure 
when Sarfraz beat his stable 
companion, El Conquistador, in 
the Pimm's Goodwood Stakes. 

Guy Harwood, the winning 
trainer, has no firm plans for 
either horse, but confirmed that 
Primary, who has been backed 
down from 25-1 to 6-1 
favouritism for the Ebor Handi- 
cap after his fluent victory at 
Bath on Monday, would now try 
and repeat Crazy ’s 1984 victory 
for the stable in the feature race 
of Y'ork's big meeting. 


Going: good to firm 
Draw: low numbors best 

2.15 WAKEFIELD MAIDEN STAKES (£1.444; 1m) (18 runners) 

... PD'Arcy 3 
. I Johnson 5 
H Roams 4 
— IS 

GSnrtiev is 

. W Ryan 3 

M fete 9 

R Guest It 












Oth MRCHGROVE LAO (C 0«*ByUlG Qkfroyd S-9-6 

022223- DISCOVER GQUJ (Asniev Hamwn) K Brtgwaier S-9-fl 

2 DONOR (H Benneitl Mrs C Reavey 4-9-6 - 

33 ALECS MEAN (BnrMMOunAlMaMou'nl A Stewa>l3^S. 

O AHQTH8R SMOKEY (5 S&unoeni F Vartfey 3-0-8 

4 AUCWNATE (J Vareien G Harwooo 3-8-1 


(USA)iS Mdfcflos) H Cecd 3-8-8 — - - 

0-4 CHANCE REMARK (USA) (3lie*W» Mohamedf B Htb 3-M ..... 

0 EAU COURANTE (B) iA Had) A fed# 3-8-B - 

HAMPER {Mrs M MsCMmOftt) VV HaStu>g»-B4Si 3-8-8 .. . A Mim> B 

00-400 MR AOVttEH (USA) (A Sawn) F Duir 3-M .. .. D French 12 

MUUHtF Pynel F Owr 3^-8 - JSeaBy 17)10 

0-00003 NORCOOLiT Drake) R NOxjUs 3*8 NHwelO 

DO- SWUNG BEAR (USA) (Morton c Epstein) W Hastings-Bass 3-3-8 

R Liras (31 14 

000 DANESMOORM HansoniJ Hanson 3-8-5 . J H Brawn (5> 7 

NBEDLE SHAW* (J Rowtas] R Johnson Houatiian . J Re* 1311 

PEACE KEEPER (LCinJ Fannavan] W Jams 3-8-5 M Bneft II 

0 URUQUAY (GER) (Sneikfl ManammMi O Domed 3-8-5 ... . R Cochrane 13 
7-4 Balances Realm. 5-2 Auctimanm. 4-1 Alec's Dream. 8-1 Cnanse Reman.. B-1 
Donor. i2-i Urvfiray. 16-1 Hamper. 20-1 others. 

Doncaster selections 

By Mandarin 

2-15 Auchinate. 2.45 Get Set Lisa. 3.15 King Charlemagne. 3.30 
Briggs Builders. 4.20 Bluetnrdino. 4.50 Frivok. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2-15 Alec's Dream. 2-45 Queen Matilda. 3. 1 S Simla Ridge. 3.50 
Briggs Builders. 4.20 Dellwood Renown. 4.50 New Evidence. 

2A5 ‘YORKSHIRE DAY* SELLING STAKES [2-Y-O: £1.490: 6f) (13) 

1 313002 HARRY'S COMING (T Faahursti T Faunurvi 8-11 

S 200140 SEATON ORLiG WiAmaoni T Barron 8-8 


004221 TH8 MAGUS (8) (D) lM<ss L SAttaU) Mas L SakM 8 -11 . 

200140 SEATON (URL iG WAjfuani T Barron ( 

400200 PERTAIN (H) |C Ouke) VI Wnanpn 06 

G04002 GET SET UM iWBulmerJC Tinkler S3 

000 U3ASKAM (6) (fi Uplom P Mbmi 8-3 . 

400 PALACE RULER (A Kents) A Snutn &3 
00 QUEEN MATILDA |B| (Mrs D Wemworm-Srantevi Q Hantxrv 8-3 .. M fen» 5 

0040 RMO BACK (B) (fipwmo Snare* Ufll fl NOioUa B-a N Howe 9 

TUDOR (Mrs 7l 

MTaytorfT) 1 
. DNicflOMi? 
Uonraoo io 
. .. M SircftS 
T Qmnn 12 


I Butlus) J Gtow 0-3 GCMteriana 

0 roars GLORY (R BoUndl C TmMer 8-3 - - M Wood 4 


D Wrihaats (7) 11 
— 6 

T Parry) D H Jones SO 
S SWEET ROOT (Mrs 0 Drew) C Diew 8-3 .. . 

3*1 Gel Set UM. 7-2 S«a*ow Bey. 4-1 Trio Mague. 6-t Harry s Coming, 8-1 
Penam, Palace Ruler. t2-t Ping Bach, 14-1 others. 

3-15 SHEFFIELD HANDICAP (£2,494: 5f 140yd) (7) 

1 000-004 tQWi CHARLEMAGNE fC-O) (Mrs I Ryles) Mrs G Hawley 7-3-10 


2 013002 SIMLA HDGE (BF) (J MacBer) A HKK 4-9-8 G Carter (3) 6 

3 000200 TOBERMORY BOY (8) fC) (C Longbonom) R tvniaker 9-9-0 

K Bradshaw (5) 1 

4 48J004 OPUS SOI UPON (B)fP Jw s|T Barren 5-8-H H Cochrane 2 

5 000-000 MAHTON MARX (Mis M Pen) M Camacho 3-8-10 N Cennonon d 

7 0-00000 QENTILfiSCHI (USA) (B Kidd) R NichotB 4-6-6 . —7 

a 004)210 MRS SAUQAI8F1 (Mrs VWvd)MEcKley 4-8-1 - AMaduyS 

11-4 SmUa Rom. 3-1 Tobermory Boy. 8*2 Mrs Sauga. 5-1 Gods Sotunon. 8-1 Kmg 
Charlemagne. 12-1 Manton Marh. Gernriesctn 

3-50 BARNSLEY MAIDEN AUCTION STAKES (2-Y-O: £959: 71) (18) 

00 YOUNG UPE (T Bennett) M H EastarQy 9-0 MBirchll 

00 BRIGGS BLHLDEAS(F8n«s)WJarvt5 8-11 R Cochrane 18 

0000 CAMU4C LAD (Cvnniac(raTit]Ul1) C Tinkler 8-11 - .MWooU7 

000 NORTHERN DECREE (J Mason) G OWroyd B-11 - 0 NichoJb 3 

0000 EUROCON (W Swem) D W Chapman 8-11 A Proud 2 

0 GOULDSWOOQ (H Gouu) E VOweto 8-0 W Wharton IE 

00 MBN2EN LAO (Mimron Ud) M Bnttam B-B - . . I Johnson 8 

0 ROCK A LfmE(TVqnol«tM Usher fr8 - .. JKwmedylS 

000 YOUNG CENTURION (T Marshal) M Usner B-B R Weaver 5 

EXPRESS GROUPAGE {Brian Yeadiey)ECarur8-S ..... S Moms 13 

MISS SAHAJANE (G Smvtnj R HoUmsneao 9-5 A CuUime (7) 12 















N Howe 9 

_ . . Pwerasl C Bnran 8-S 

2 JOHNNY ROSE (P Haynes) P Haynes 8-2 

33 REMAIN FREE (Mrs C Ni.on) C N WMamS B-2._ .. L Jones (311 

000 YRCLAS (Mrs F nor) F Durr 8-2 GFrcnchH 

HEATSEEKER iSsorimg Shams LU) R NichOltB 7-13 AMacfcayQ 

00 EPPYMARPIgRlDG(Ooon)CW Gray 7-10 JQuinn(5)l7 

03 ST WgNDRED (Rev C Canon) D Thom 7-10...- R Morse (SM0 

10-11 Johrnv Rose. 4-1 Si WeMred, 6-1 Remain Free. 8-1 Briggs Bunder. 10-1 
Young B«ru. 12-1 others. 

4J2Q LEEDS HANDICAP (£2,327: 1m 6f 127yd) (10) 

8 0-00002 COUJSTO (8) (Mrs S AVJndgal K Brassey 5-9-7 
8 003-400 GROVE TOWER iMrs R Saura-Chacon) R MchoOs 3-9-6 

00Q A1RISPRUDENCE (USA) |R Sanqsrer] J W Watts 3-9-6 . 

020000 KNIGHTS HEIR (R Riles) H Wiring 5-9-4 

000)024 QUAOffUJON (Kaaihavon Stattesi R HoUnahead 7-9-3 . 
000400 WGHAM GREY (OO) (W Cnaomam D W Cnaoman 10-9-3. 
000-000 LETBY (B) IMrs M Steadman) M Chapman 4-9-9. 

00-0330 DELLWOOD RENOWN IW HoUeni W Houen 4-9-< 

N Adam 9 
N Howe 10 

N Connornai 4 
W Woods (3) 7 
. . 5 Parks 2 
.. DMdio«s3 
... J Williams 6 
R Merer (5)S 
. G Carter (3) B 
. A Mockay 1 

IW HokKM W Howen 4-94 ..... 

000-004 BLUEUROWO I Mrs J Ramadan) Mrs J Ramadan 7-9-7. 

0000-00 JLMPAPA (H) (Mrs J de Romscntd) E Inasa 5-8-3. ■ ■■ 

5-2 OuadrdHon. 4-1 Coiksta 5-1 Grove Tower, 13-2 DeOwood Renown. 8-1 Hignam 
Grey. 10-1 atuefiMUna. Knght a Heir. 12-1 others. 

4.50 DORTMUND FILLIES HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,043: 7Q (17) 

3 91 PETNlPY(to(JMorrison»G Balding 9-7 JWmam*1 

4 00-4020 RAFFLES VBIGINU (D Mabn) B McMahan 9-6 JHda{5)12 

6 41000 SOXOPH (Mrs A Vmdervell) M H Easurtiy 9-5 . .. MBvchl3 

20-400 BASICALLY BETTER (Bloodsnck Investmant) P Waiwyn 9-5 N Howe 8 

0230-42 OLANGW1U (BF) (D Jones) H Candy 9-4 JReid2 


000-401 FRWttEIDJlGi 

SYNTHETIC (C Rowtes Nicholson) D Arbuttinot 9-1 ...... A Clark 4 



13 0-00303 HARDY CHANCE (HKasheOB HRs 8-13 UfeflsS 

14 1-00400 ArrCHANOOU8L£YOU (S Woodall T Barron 9-13 BMcGrf<(7)10 

15 20-0000 JERSEY jB Sort) C Tinkler 9-10 W Goodwin (7)7 

4023 OfmCA(BF)( 



19 04)3218 ON IMPULSE IP 

20 000223 NEW EVIDENCE 
23 0-00300 MONSntOSAM 

I dark) J Ethenngjon 8-10.. 

M Wood 17 

004332 SPECIAL QUEST ID) (C Mamer) D Ualoy 8-8 R Coctwnra 5 

Rshert K Brassey 8-8 A Sftajtta (5) 9 

Bd*i) E Eldm 0-8 A Mackey 11 

__ _ jttonJ) J Speanng 0-4... DMchoiis14 

24 0004M CROWNfT (C Booth) C Booth 94 RLirwi(3]3 

25 0041000 MSS BLAKE (M Bnnam) M Britcvn 8-0 — 16 

7-2 Petrify. 9-2 GlangwlK 6-1 On impuisa, SpeoaJ Guest, 8-1 Basically Better. 

Fnvote. Hardy Chance, id-1 Omca. 14-1 otheia. 


Televised: Z30, 3-0, 3-40, 4.10 

numbers best 

2J3Q DARNLEY HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £8,103: 1m 41) (10 runners) 


Going: good to firm 
Draw: 5?-6f, high 

4-10 KING GEORGE STAKES (Group III: £17,928-. 5f) (14) 

<01 410104 PRMCE SA5Q (PXBF) (D Thompson) M StoUo 4-9-8 WR SnrinbumS 

402 212r112 DOUBLE SCHWARTZ (OMBP) (RSanosierl C NeMon 5-94 — M Eddery 14 

403 234122 CLANTIME (B) (D) (Ctsnnme Lldi R Wnoaker S-94 PWetdroaO 

40t 000312 POLYlMAmiOHMPwaiieosI ME Francs 4-94 C Ruder 11 

408 310430 STORM WARNWG (O) (K Fisdwr) W Hasangs-Bass 44-11 — ■ B Thomson 1 
407 330-130 WOOOFOU»(C-M (Mr* J Redmond) J WMw 54-11 BReueeT 

20-1204 HAUWMAL fShakh Mohammed) wli 
■ 0-13 7EMPLE WALK (TEgerun)W Hem 8-4 


. Pst Eddery 2 
Peut Eddery 4 

W Canon 10 

409 11-4331 QWYDKMUJ 
409 003144 MOUNUOID) 

411 210403 GREEN DOLLAR 

412 40-1113 GHENT 

414 1104 5WDEED(pli: 

415 143403 ROBE OF me SEA 
418 330124 WANTDNfMlLord 
417 2224-44 WELSH Null (UJU 

i Mardwsj H Coc4 34-10. SCeuthen I 

1 3-84.. 

K Dariey 13 

■ 1* triei 11 ^ v w-v s— - 

114 31300 DAtOAOfYH (H H Ara KnenJ M SfptM 

115 040011 MWHTY FLASH <p)(Mrs V Tory) □ Etswortfi 74 (4a>0 

118 004-202 MUSICAL YOUTH (J Morgan) C Morgan 7-7 

3-1 Maqc SSpper. 9-2 Hauwmal. 5-1 Norm Vanftt 13-2 DWNr. W W— l 
Reel. loTrftghtyTSiii. 12-1 Temple Wsfc, i4-i MusrM Youth. 16-1 Sun toy SWier. 
Old Domesday Booh. 

I) (B GuMy Lid) B GubOy 34-5 W Newness 

t h Watson) R Whdaker 844 DMeKeownlO 

MAlthna344 A Bondi 

|M Ftoiok) Q MndiaUtoi {Fr)34>2 C Aeremaen 12 

S) W Hastings-Bass 34-2. P Cook 6 

(U&AKD) (Snahn Monammed) I Baung 3-8-2 Tt*s*4 

2-1 DouPto Sctwianz. 3-1 Gwwdon.S-1 Poiykratls. 134 Prlnee SaOo, 8-1 Roae Of 
The Sw. 10-1 Onont, 12-1 Walsh Note, 14-1 Storm Warning, 18-t others. 

WARNING (941 6th. Earter DOUBLE SCHWi 

to easy wfcmar 

liALUAUiTn LJnZMacMj utar urne. cor«w i#*»j * jv* ( unmieonu uwivi ijulwimwwii 

(1m21, E12447,^Kmo tsm. Ju»y4. 11 ^).MIOHTYFtA8H (7-11)cornpt«HBdadOii*M 
Uy beating FWk Dance (9-7) 21 at Safcshtny (1m 41, E23S7. goodto soft. July 12. 7 rinL 

S (S-31 m 

ARTZ (8-10) beat CLANTIME (8-10) II Ot 
. - anottwr 


Prano Oomtme 
who was 4ih (good, 11 ran). GWYDION (8-9) 
' £8207, goew to fkm. Jtdy 8. 11 ran). Pro- 
(8-7) 2 heads and a neck DehrtJ in 4th 
wwtwr(51. £11745, good to hrm, Juty5. 10 ran), with WOODFOLD (8-11) 

N LAD (8-1) had baatan CLANTIME (8-1 3)1 Kim New- 

ytousty POLYW 
SHI away In 8th. PWtously DUBLIN 
castle (SI ti^ap,kte^^j03w) , 

Goodwood selections 

By Mandarin 

2.30 Magic Slipper. 3.0 Roundlet. 3,40 Longboat. 4,10 DOUBLE 
SCHWARTZ (nap). 4.40 Joyful Dancer. 5.10 Domuao Fire. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2 JO Magic Slipper. 3.0 Midyan. 3.40 Siavordale. 4.10 Gwydion. 

4.40 Truly Rare. 5.10 Panache. 

By Michael Seely 

2.30 Mighty Flash- 4.40 FAIR COUNTRY (nap). 5.10 Grey Wolf 

£13,624: 71) (5) 

201 12 W EATSlRokNale LWP C < Se£S22 * 

202 41 ROtoSkLET (USAMDiWie Ousrn) W Hem 94 cwhSSXs 

204 113 AWQOSUOOULJ) K Brassey 8-11 ■— — - *™Si" n "? 

2fl5 n (D) (J__H«5an) R Hjmnm 8-11 \ 

206 14 WDYAN (USA) (Prmce A Ffcsal) HCart 8-11 — BCwdtohS 

2-1 Mkjyan. 10D4Q Houndtot. 7-2 Arrtgo Sudo, W Don l Fo*uar LU, 8-1 Mr Eats. 

FORM: MR EATS pM) W 2nd of 5 nSMwnj B-1 IlM ^BMj [(BLCgSJ m. 


(61 Group a £24219. mod. Juty fl. 8 ranL 
SetoaNani s dfan 

3.40 GOODWOOD CUP (Group 



4.40 DRAYTON HANDICAP (£4,885; 1m) (15) 

501 D10433 BOLD AND BEAUPRIL (C-D) (K AMufla) G PrtKhard-Gonlon 44-13 


502 414300 TRULY RAREJUSAMp)(Sheiih Mohammad) MStauie 4-9-7 WRSwMwm2 

503 3-OtkX'' COME ON THE BUXiS(D) (Mrs C Patoras)C8niran 7-94.. CAamoesenT 

504 D-030C2 ACONTTtiM (U) (J Qflhnrom) J fe ral 88-10 W Canon 11 

505 D14-0M P1CTOGRAPH (Lady EM j*re) I Bakhng 4-8-10 PM EMMY 5 

508 004021 JOVRt DANDER (fa) (vSapian) W BrooLs 88-10 (5ex) WNmas4 

300383 TRANSFLASH (D Rott) E BdinT-SB NDay13 

OOOOM PORTOGON pUff Marshak) E Eton 7-84 D McKay 1 

032311 FAIR C OUNTRY (D) [8tf G Brunton) D Elswonh 44-8 (5a«) “ 

003000 WEST CAWUCKCxars the tans Crowe) A Ingham 344 „ 

0004C4 VBO« I3LE (T ESWP HBStom 54-5 

000001 GUnEEN BOY (TOawtoid) R Hannon 4-8-4 (Son) A McGtone 3 

000000 BUWABU)G(C]fln(JWat«>n)M McCoun 6-8-0 — 12 

0D3412 EVERY EROHT (p)(M KtoilR Holder 4-7-13 (5ex) CRuderffll 

000-0*4 FEYOAN (Mrs H beymoiir) L Cotttei 5-7-7 NCwHatall 

R Guram M 








11-4 Fair Country, 4-1 Truly Rare, 5-1 Aconttum, 13-2 Gurtsen Boy. 8-1 Joyful 
□anew, 10-1 Bold And BeautHuL 12-1 Every EHort. 14-1 Come On The Bhm. IB-1 

FORM; BOLD AND BCAUT1RJL (94) INI 3rd ol S In German Group 3 race behind 
Canvrtda (84111m it. £9687. fton' July 4). ACpNITUM (8-13) neck 2nd at Yak to Dorset 
Cottage (9-1Q. with TRANS FLASH (8-12) 2Kflaway 3rd ol 13JS7. £4979. good » firm, 
July 12). JOYHIL DANCER (8-9) peat Free On Board (8-1) liar Sandown (M; £3187. hrm. 
Jidy £3, 5 ran), with COME ON THU BLUE80-7) 41 back 4th. FAR COUNTRY (9-1) II As- 
cot apprentice race winner horn EVERY EFFORT (8-7)|8f. good. July 25). Previously (9- 

... - - i. with PICTOGRAPH(S-10) l>il away 5th after 

. _ T (8-0) was ctlsquaifflod aftor brwUng Fol 

. . at Ea»m In June, wah FAI R COUW THY (8-121 to behind In 3rd. 

VffloM ISLE (9-0)5lh and PORTOGON (9-7) 7th. GUHTEEN BOY (S-7) boa! 8wnhaan (9- 
7} II at Windsor (81, £2566. good, July 14, 7 ran). 


3) beat New Central (8-1) 21 aUCngnoa 

II: £22,350: 2m 5f) (6) 

Hem 5-9-7 .„ 


..... A 4 Cnirei CfMU IlLl 

. W Carman 2 


W Names 1 

.. CAnmiHmS 

5.10 LAVANT NURSERY HANDICAP (2-Y-O: £4,032: 6f) (8) 

122 DOMINO FBSIC-O) (Mrs P Lewis) J Dunlop 9-7 

13120 PSN3W1CHW (Mrs P RMWn) D Etjmrth 9-4 

MO PAS ITENCHERE IS Gdrntaad) G Leva 9-0 

4-6 Longboat 7-2 Valuable Witnaas, 6-1 Spicy Story. 10-1 Tale Quato. 12-1 
Siavordale. 14-1 Potnzzo. 

FORMr LONGBOAT (ILO) 51 Ascg G<y ( ^ *W mer SlaLaSl 

June 18. 13 ram but has been wail beaten once. 










W Carson 7 

S Caution 4 

EREJS Grinstoad) G Lows 9-0 PWMsSotiJ 

022411 GREY WOLF TIGER (D) (Mrs B Norman) R Hannon 8-10 (Tax) Pat Eddery 5 

32122 ABSOLUTION (C Wngti?) K Srassev 8-8 S Whitworth 3 

003 WISE TRIES (C Cyar) M Usher 8-4 M Wigham 6 

400 VAIGLY BLAZED g. Spencer) C Morgan B-1 P Cook I 

0631 2D PANACHE (B) 
.1-4 Grey Wold 1 
Paraurchln. 10-1 valgly 

11-4 Qrev Wold Tger. 7-2 Absolution, 4-i Panache. 8-1 Donlno Hra, B-1 
ffluad, 13-1 Wtoa Tmea. 14-1 Paa d'Ehchara. 

FORM: DOMINO FIRE (9-1) 1 Y,\ 2nd to Gertser (8-11) at Wmdsor «H. £1810. 
4. 1 1 rani. PEN8URCHIN 6th m Group 3 overt last to ~ 


NACHE (8-1 1) rebgatad'to 3rd rtter beaung^im StraalwT 
Leicester (81. £3574. good to tom. July 15, 10 ran), 

(61. £1810. good. July 
(8-11) at Sandown 

Victory over 

Md 2nd of 7 
rm. July 22L PA- 


H?5 riN5 'j Redcar results 

_ rflPjr Going: gtxwto Arm 

, 2-1® (78 1. SUE IWEVCT P 

a IlilA*''* * McKaown.11-1)! a. PMtoem (KDeriay.B’ 
1 ,-vPi i); 3. Mtoe Otoa (M Cartsto. BS^OjavL 

- . ‘ ALSO RAN: 3 Frtv OH (4ftL 4 Tolo mda 

- . jn - jtS mmi 11 Smntno Eaolns, 20 

• • (Sin). 11 _ 

• -. J'liJ- (6m). Paddy 
-•.•-yiP* nr- Victoria 

wnoaker at — 

■ , . £1.90. £1%ET.1IL 

'• ..<fr £84.94. 


,-i ..jS'Pjt African 
- - ^.Ancona .. - . 

' ; Vh fled Twtfahl m), 

' ^VArna Code (6trt 8 rai,. 
r- ^ H Eastartwai GreM Hate"; TWBjfl ■ 80: 
• 'k t £1 tO^tl 70. Dfr £1 .80. CSF: £2-72. 

' * J 3.15 OIBLL HEAlgmT HO^ (j- 

r ■ • Chamock. 8-1): Z O/gOen An«w W 
’ . Mackav. 9-1L 1 ffichotori (fi.Pummfli ^ 

-■ v V 5SBBBagtf.WHtt.Bj 

• lit' ii. 7(. penys Soifpi a atsnop RucWand. 


rfbp Rpwi. 9 ran. 

A iLH, 

’To* p3^: 
£2,16^0. CSF: 

Tota: ESdOi £1.70, J3.00. £5-1 G DF: 
£17 SO. CSF: £54.73. Tricatt £1.135.73. 

3JS0 dm 81 IBDyd) 1> MARUON tE 
Gum, 11-4) 3. Jartutow (A Cutoana. Mjt 
2. Buddow HiB (A Murray, B-1L ALSO 
RAN: 9-4 lav CafflrtyDancer (4t&4 Old 
Matron (Sttf). 12 Nortnenr Ruler fBIM. 8 


Leycum. Tote: £3.90. £1.60. £2.40. DF. 
£7.80. CSF: £18.44. 

4^0(1m3f) 1. LAWNOfA ttml 
tevfc 2. HeHo B«a JMBbGlL 7-2Ji 3. 


3T3? g& n /gr t !5jS 

inquiry Golden Fancy, hwtwd aaeond 
was placed ttoffl. 

4J0 (a, i. NORGAB1E (M Ffy.1fl.1K 2. 
IDntzan Law (K 

Teaehw'a Game IS Waworth. 2f 1 


ram). 20 Betty Bta®- BoiO AcJ 
Illustrate (BH? HjjJ 

ruuuar at RWa TOW! iiwK 

Placepot E9A35 

Redcar -Tuesday 

Goie(p good to tom 
fi.15 (1m If) i. Black Bank (K H — , 

3-1 jf-tov): 2, Turmanc (18-1): 3. 

Answer 114*1). Sknon'i Fantasy 3-1 Wa*. 
9 ran. Ifcl. 3HI. M W Eastwby. Tota: 
£3.70; E1.10. 8B30, £2.10. DF: E1B.40. 
CSF: £39-40- 

840(71) 1. Bold Rowley <D McKeown, 
13-1); 2. Hoptons Chance (ll-ifc 3, The 
God SkdB jlO-l): 4. King Ooto fl2-l). 
Rouen 7-f fav. 27 ran. NR: Bakers 
Double, sh hd. nk. j 3 WSson. Tota 
£1330: £3.00, BM, £3.10, £1.90. DF: 
£78.70. CSF: £149.75. Tittaat £1,28841. 
Alter a stewards' Inquiry the result stood. 

_ 7-5[9f)1. fold BtaRpvwrjMftrefi, 7-1 fc 

f. lass?? fnwSSlr 11? 

'LOutOf Hand 4-1 jt-fav. NFL cShermn 
wee. Ml. nk. ii ran. m H Easterbv Tote- 

CSF- £35.85. Tncaat £314,217 

. , BS d m 4f) 1, Too Shot (R Hflls, 88k 2. 


£1^a CSF; £E5a 

^(ffi 1jGk)balLMiy(M Wtohnn. 3-1 
(av): 2. Sw SurpriK (4-1 h 3. fton Qm ( 12- 
21 1 11 ^ WMubhwi. Tate: £3.30; 

1150. B.10. £180- DF: £34G^W 
£9.87. PUeepob E22IL30 

• PatadsinL “trained by John 
Dunlop, faces 26 opponents in 
ihe £22.525 Pfemio A over a 
mile at San Sebastian ibis 
evening. John Lowe rides. 

• Dawn Run's owner. 
Charm ian Hill, gained some 
consolation for the death of ihe 
Gold Cup winner when Boro 
Quarter won the £28.000 first 
prize in yesterday's Dipiial Gal- 
way Plate. Ridden by Peier 
Kavanagh, Boro Quarter gave 
his trainer, Paddy Mullins, his 
first success in the race. 

Results from 

Going: good u tom 

Y-fl Ulat: £&2Q5. 80 
CANDLE M THE WIND b f by Duictnng - 
Her Grace (C Wnght) 8-11 W h 
S wmoum (11-3) 1 

Srteraan ch I by Sharpsn Uo - Satornc (K 
AOduUai B-11 PBt Eddery (134 lav) 2- 
NorthaMal ch 1 by Nonhtoids • Coryana 
(H Mould) B-11 W Nswnss (12-1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 10 Gtiwncastt? HW (5th). 
PusnoH. 11 straran. Toy Cupboard (ton), 
33 Achahalgn. Big O'May. Hqma Device. 
Jd tonne, Sunpiy Sak, Stem Uaa. 14 ran. 
Vil, 1 ViI, 3L sn nd. nk. □ umg at Lanboum. 
Tots wm: ES 00 Races: £1 70. £1 4a 
£4 10. DF: £4 90. CSF £13.06. Iran 

an pimits goodwood handicap 
(£ 7331. 2m 3») 

SARFRAZ D c by Sassafras - Zariba Bkie 
(K Abduaa) 3-9-7 G Starkey (4-t) t 

El CoffiRtstader b e by Snaiay Haig mg - 
Fiddle FadSa (J Gwcia-Roady] 3-8-6 A 
Clark (8-1) 2 

Fete* b I by Grundy - Zebra Grass (Mrs H 
Cambams) 3-B-i RWk (12-1) 3 

ALSO RAN' 9-4 fav Ttoorwood (SthL 9 
Haitestone Lake [5th). iS Rtole Tavi (4tn). 
Petri's Sam. Morgan s Choice, 1 1 Easter 
Lea. 9 ran NR. Blockade- a. sn hd. II, fci. 
12L G Harwood ai Puioorough. Tote win: 
£4 40. Places: £1 60. E2.30T E3 90. DF: 
£1230. CSF: EJ8.79. Tncaat £242.94 
4mm 1251soc 

3 30 OCL RICHMOND STAKES (Group 11: 

2-Y-O: E3438G 6t| 

RtCN CHARLIE ch c by Young Generation 
■ Maiden Pool (RE A Bonjff-ilJ Retd 
(11-4 |t-fav) 1 

Doraktion Royale cn c by Dominion 
Bahamas Pmom (D Rotaneon) 6 11 R 
Cochrans (7-i) 

Carol's Treasure b c by Bakdar - Realty 
Sharp (MraC Lane) B-11 BThomaon(6- 

ALSO RAN: 1 1-4 p-fav Cutting Blade (Boil 
7-2 Who Knows (4th), 12 FIoom, 25 Quick 
Snap. 50 Whippet (5th). 9 ran. hd. 21, nk. 
2kil, 21. C Nelson at Upper Lamooum 
Ton wmc £4.50. Places. £1.60. E2JK). 
£1.90. DF: £25.70. CSF: 12030. 1mm 

STAKES (Group L r 55.225: 1m) 

SONIC LADY b f by Nureyev - Stumped 
(Sheikh Mohammed) 3-8-7 W H 
Swmbum (98 (av) 1 

Scottish Reel ch e by Northfiaidi - Dance 
Aatoghi^Cmvetey Part Stud) 4-9-7 G 

Pemme WMk b c by Persian Bokl - 
Tifrums (Mrs M Norchos) 4-9-7 Pet 
Eddery (154) 

ALSO RAN: 15-2 Eton (501). 16 Bold 
Arrangemem (4th) 5 ran, i to. k»L nk. il. M 
Sroutc at Newmarket. Tote ton: £1 80. 


RESPECT b c by Mummy's Pbi • Restive 
_ <R Riehmond-Watson) 9-7 R 
Cochrane (9-1) I 

SancMon Patece grg by Dragona Palace 
- Rsitooa 

(J David Abel) 8-5 T Quinn (9-1) 2 

Mummy** Secret b c by Mummy's Pm - 

(A Rudolf) 8-11 S Cauttwn p2-i) 3 

ALSO RAN: 1 1-4 fav Huh Image (Still. 7-2 
NO Beating Hens. 13-2 Entona. 10 True 
Nora 1 6th) 16 Plowing, 20 Coppemhii 
Lad (4th). 9 ran. nk. sh hd. 1SL WL2L D 
Lamg at Lembourn. Tota wm: £7.10. 
Places: £2.10. £2.60. El .70 DF: £3130. 
CSF: £51-10. 6836sec. 

£4390: 1m 61) 

JU8T DAVID b c by Blakenay - Ratop (A 
Uttwich) 9-3 M Rooerts (11-4 ji-tav) 1 
Coe Green ch c by Cm's Ridge - Love 
You Dearly (K Abdula) 9-7 G Starkey 
(11-4 |t fav) Z 

Dfoxtf ch c by Bustoio - areme (R 
HoDingewerth] B-11 W Carson (5-il 3 

ALSO RAN. B Zeubarr (6(ft). Wmcum (5Ui). 

8 Actmium (4tfi). 33 Maneame 7 ran. rt<. 

41 41, Si. nk. A SwwsrtrtNewmsrkat Tow 
wm. £3-10. Puces: £1.70, £2 50 DF 
EfiiM CSF £10 1 1. 3mm 01.47iec. 
Jackpot: El 638136. ptecepoc 

Levy Board loan £2m for 
course improvements 

Loans totalling more than £2 
million have been made to 18 
racecourses by the Horserace 
Betting Levy Board. The largest 
loan goes to Chester, who will 
receive £540,000 towards the 
cost of improving grandstand 
facilities following the fire at the 
course last year. Pjumpion, who 
are also about to embark on 
redevelopment of their grand- 
stand, will receive £180,000. 

New hosicLs for stable staff 
will be financed partly through 
Levy Board loans at Chelten- 
ham (£400.000 ) and Ayr 
(£275.000) while £95.000 has 
been awarded to Chepstow for 
further improvements to their 
watering and drainage systems. 

New racecourse stables at 
Doncaster arc to be sited within 
the racecourse itself and the 
board has made a loan of 
£100.000 towards the cost. 

Lingfield wjU receive £130,000 
for improved facilities in the 
club enclosure and further 
expenditure an drainage and car 

Other courses to benefit are 
Sandown. York. Wolver- 
hampton. Devon and Exeter, 
Carlisle. Canmel, Caiierick, 
Huntingdon, Kelso and Ripon. 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: H Cacti. 27 wirmeri from 90 
rutwera, MOV, M Stmts, 21 from 87, 
24.1*4: w Ham. 35 tram 146. 24.0V 
JOCKEYS: Pai Eddery, 49 winners from 
ZSBrides. 19.0V W Carson. 43 from 248. 
17.3V S Cauthen. 39 from 233. 16.7V 


TRAINERS: H CecB. 23 winners from 70 
rumen, 293%; G Huwood, 20 from 97, 
206V W Hastings-Bass, 9 from 60, 

JOCKEYS: G Starkey, 23 winners from 
J29 rttof. 173V W Ryan, 13 from 117 
11 -IV N Con notion. 9 from 9a 10.0V 

First acceptors 

l: !m 2X,I| AHbz Word. Asteroid Field. 
Aumaai, BWHomom. Bakharotf. Bedtima. 
Bold Arrangement, Cotoraam. Oamister, 
Dancing Ehave. Ohrsun. Effigy. Engfasn 
Soring, Ftoravanti, Fitnah. Istikai, KadiaL 
Maysoon, Mr John. Nino Brbbia. 
Racksiraw. Seismic Wave. Slurdari. 
bharrood. 3kk. Supreme Leader. Swmk. 
Toleprompief, Theatrical. Then Again, 
Toca Madera, Traltiwn. Tnptych, Untau. 
Wassl Touch, Wytia. To be run ai York, 
Augusi 19. 

YORKSHIRE OAKS (Group 1: 3-Y-O hikes: 
1m 40 Bonsfamlle. Cocotte. Col or spin, 
Bne. Fiaur Royaie. Gesedeh, Guff Nook. 
Ivor's image. Mage Staper, Maysoon. 
Midway Lady. a*il On fne Bom, Pane 
Express, Queen Helen, Rejuvenate. 
Sannb. Sheer Irmoeenca Swarfan, 
Slnglena, Smashing MJbe. Spun Gotd. 
Sweet Mover, Three Tones A Lady. 
Tritthee. Untold. Ziunurraaah. To be run 
at York, Augean 19. 

SHIP (Group I: 51) Acusnte. Bridesmaid. 
Double Schwartz. Dubkn Lad. Fayruz. 
Green Desert. Grey Desire. Gwycnon. 
Hallgare. Hi-Tech Got. Last Tycoon, 
MorauMi, OnenT, Petronch, Potywana, 
Premiere Cuvee. Pnmo Domna. Pimce 
Sabo. Rose Of The Sea, Rotherfieid 
Greys. Sauce Diabto, Sperry. Storm 
Warning. Sundeed. Wanton. Welsh Note. 
WoodfokL To be run a( York. Augusi 21 . 
Candelabra Stakes Goodwood: Navos. 

Blinkered first time 

DONCASTER-315 Courartto M5 
Llseaham. Queen Metilda. 3.15 
Tobmnory Boy. <30 Joner 

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Surrey get the better of 
remarkable contest 

"i V-' . 

:V 3*vj“ - * • 

despite Hadlee’s heroics 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

THE OVAL Surrey beat Not- 
tinghamshire by 46 runs. 

A match remarkable for its 
fluctuations ended with Sur- 
rey as winners. They beat 
Nottinghamshire by 46 tuns, 
and their reward for that is a 
place in the draw for the 
NatWest Trophy semi-finals. 

On a mercinilly dry day all 
else was dwarfed by the perfor- 
mance of Richard Hadlee, 
even though he was on the 
losing side. In a Surrey innings 
of 204 his 12 overs produced 
five wickets, including the first 
three of the day, fora mere 17 
runs. His line and length were, 
of course, immaculate. Even 
so, the batsmen never knew 
what to expect next, and the 

parched pitch had just a little 
in it for the better bowlers. 

in it for the better bowlers. 

Then, coming in at 63 For 
four, which soon became 70 
for six, Hadlee found himself 
left with most of the work to 
do with the bat, and for 
Surrey's supporters the time 
came when he looked un- 
comfortably like accomplish- 
ing it Standing there without 
a helmet without ftiss and 
with excellent judgement he 
made 54 and it appeared as 
though he could have been 
unlucky to be given ouL It 
was. for all that a fine win by 
Surrey after they had lost the 
toss and made a dreadful start 

At 72 for five after 24 overs, 
with their specialist batsmen 
all gone, we were thinking in 
terms of a tea-lime finish. 
Hadlee had knocked the wind 
out of Surrey by bowling 
Falkner and Jesty and having 
Stewart caught in the gully in 

his opening spelL When Stew 
art Jesty and Lynch had not 
been crashing the ball through 
or over the covers, Surrey had 
been in trouble. Having taken 
22 overs to reach double 
figures. Ginton was caught at 
the wicket down the leg side, 
and before he had played even 
the first of his drives Jesty was 
chopped at second slip off 

By lunch Hadlee had come 

back and had Richards caught 
at the wicket, drawn to a ball 
that left him. With Robinson 
saving the single on one side 
of the wicket and Randall on 
the other, Nottinghamshire’s 
fielding within the circle was 
uncommonly good. Rice and 
Evans bowled tidily at me- 
dium pace, and as lunch 
approached Hemmings rattled 
through his overs at such a 
rate that they were finished 
almost before the batsman 
knew they had begun. From 
what I have seen of him, there 
are not many better county 
bowlers of his type than 
Cooper, a tall, accurate me- 
dium -pacer. It was a bad 
morning for Surrey. 

The picture was changed by 
Thomas, with the help of 
Monkhouse and Clarke. 
Thomas has only recently 
returned to the Surrey side 
after being kept out for the 
best part 

of a year with a groin strain. 
He played the bowling on its 
merits. Stewart and Jesty had 
both tried to get the better of 
Hadlee rather than simply 
keeping him out Thomas just 
took what was on offer, es- 
pecially from Pick. He added 
44 for the seventh wicket with 
Monkhouse and 38 in six 
overs with Clarke. 

Their hopes revived. Surrey 
were soon rid of Robinson and 
Randall In starting on a run, 
3fter glancing his first ball , 
Robinson let his left leg slide 
back onto his 1% stump; 
Randall was ieg-before, aim- 
ing to leg. Then, after 
Nottinghamshire's advantage 
had been restored by Broad 
and Johnson, the middle was 
suddenly lorn out of their 

Between the 22nd and the 
29th overs, Johnson was 
caught on the mid-wicket 
boundary and Rice in the 
gulley. Broad was stumped 
and Evans palpably leg-before. 
From 62 for two Nottingham- 
shire had plunged to 70 for six. 
Surrey's bowlers all did their 

stuff. Pocock's 12 overs were 
of his best - it was a lovely 
ball that accounted for Broad, 
being thrown well up and 
given the chance to turn — and 
for a 1 7-year-old Martin 
Bicknell did remarkably well 
Bicknell is tall, with a nice 
action; he comes from the 
Robert Haining School at 
Guildford and has taken 22 
wickets at 22 apiece since 
being called into Surrey’s 
championship side last 

It was up to Hadlee now. 
First with French, be added 
45 for the seventh wicket, 
French successfully recover- 
ing his nerve after that horrid 
blow he took on the head 
while batting against Hadlee 
in the Test match. Next, with 

Pick, he put on 36, Pick being 
eighth out off the last ball of 

eighth out off the last ball or 
the fiftieth over. Soon after- 
wards it was all over, a long 
and absorbing match domi- 
nated by a remarkable crick- 
eter whom Godfrey Evans can 
have had no hesitation in 
making Man of the Match. 


N J Falkner b HaflJee 0 

G S Clinton e French 0 Evans 10 

A J Stewart c Broad b Hadlee S 

TE Jesty b HacSoe 21 

M A Lynch tow b Cooper 26 

tC J Richards e French b Hadlee — 10 

D J Thomas c French b Rice 85 

G Monkhouse c Hadlee bWCk 17 

STCterfcec Randall b Hadlee 23 

*P l Pocock not out 9 

M P Bicknell not out 2 

Extras (ft 13. w 3) 16 

Total (9 wkts. 60 overs) 204 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2. 2-12. 3-37. 4-72, 
5-72. 6-92, 7-138. 8-174. 9-200. 
BOWLING: Hadlee 12-4-17-5: Cooper 12- 
848-1: Rice 9-2-29-1: PWt 10088-1; 
Evans 5-2-1 1-1; Hemmings 12-4-28-H 
BC Broad st Richards b Pocock — 34 

R T Robeson hit wicket b Clarke 0 

DWRandaBIbwb Thomas 5 

P Johnson c Jesty b Pocock 18 

*CE 8 Rice c Clarke bBIckneU 1 

Rj Hadlee c Richards b Thomas — 54 
KP Evans tbwbCtarke 1 



By John Harness? 

Peter Baker, the prospective already bmi invited to compete 
young lion of British golf, in the Benson. andJHedges 
JSSrted a stunning victory m professional at 

the third round of the English Fulfordm 

Amateur Championship at HDL Despite a brisk wind. Baker 

• a. ** Hf mmc ««u% imrWlVtf for thfi holCS 


England youth mteniatiOMl, oy 
8 and 7. having dispatched Paul 
Bagshaw, a Lancashire County 
glayer, in the morning by 3 and 

Baker and McCarthy played 
only 10 holes, for as they stood 

m a hold-up on the Ilth tee with 

another downpour brewing, Mc- 
Carthy suggested the m«cinii 
release of calling it a -half. There 
did. indeed, seem little point m 

prolonging the agony a further 
508-yards in precisely the op- 
posite direction to the dub- 
house- „ , ■ , 

Baker, aged 18, has already 
notified the English Golf Union 
of his intention to turn pro- 
fessional or at least answered a 
pointedquestion in those terms. 
He will therefore be excluded 
from the England team to be 
chosen on Thursday and re- 
leased next week. His vast 
potential is such that he has 

after losing seven holes hi a row 
from the second- There were 
two twos in . that glittering 
sequence. . . . - 1 _ • • 

■ McCarthy pulled himsrif Uh 
getter to halve the - next two 
holes aid regain some self- 
respect before- making his - un- 
usual ‘suggestion to end six 
utterly one-sided encounter. .. . 

Baker played par, g olf in the, 
morning and so covered, al- 
together 26 holes m two under, a 
remarkable achievement with 
Hillside unprotected for the 

Simon Winchester . fast his 
title on the 18th green m the 
afternoon. He recovered from 
three dowtLat one pomtto John 
Hemphrey, a Nottinghamshire 
player, but could: never quite 
thereafter daw his way back to 
level terms. , 

Hufli arid ::.Sngfidd,v' the 
coxless pair,. romped awaythan 
admittedly ; easy which, . 
the first three -trews ^qualify. . 
dnectfy for tte froal, while 
Pearce; vSearfe, ■ Brittm .-.and 
Walker, the eoriessifoozv rode 
past ibe East Gennan crewmin 
ttertastest time of the day. » ■ 

However, the- girfs crews yet 
again found Ussnsdves raemg 
against much taller, heavier 
opponents. The coxed four. 
.cairc fohd-ra their heat bat may 
stand achance-of qualifying for 
the final mloday's r^ecfingeL 7 



In the fast lane: lmr«n Ban, the Sussex aD-romder, on the 
receiving end of a bouncer from Jarvis, of Yorkshire 

'ftiRinigni K 

Yorkshire make an 
impressive start 

Paris _<AP>— Renault- Jhave 
offered 'to supply the McLaren 

♦6 N fruncti c Lynch b Monkhouse .. 12 

fl A Pick c Stewart bMonknou5e 7 

E E Hemnangs not out 3 

KE Cooper b Monkhouse 0 

Extrastb4.K>11.iMl.nb7) 23 

Total (515 overs) T56 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1. 2-9. 3-82. 4-63. 
589. 6-70. 7-115. 8-151. 9-157. 10-158. 

By Peter BaD 

HEADING LEY: Sussex have 
scored 32 for two against 

BOWLING: Clarke 10-6-7-2; Thornes 10- 
057-2: Pocock 12-3-21- 2: Bicknell 10-2- 
19-1; Monkhouse 83034-3; Lynch 1-05- 

Umpires: DJ Constant and NT Plews. 

Batsmen show their class 

Only 57 minutes of play was 
possible yesterday morning, but 
it was long enough for Yorkshire 
to make an impressive begin- 
ning. throwing Sussex's decision 
to bat on an overcast, wet 
morning into serious question. 


R I Alkhan not out 14 

A M Green b P J Hartley 5 

P W G Barter c Carrie* b P J Hartley - 3 

Imran Khan not out — 5 

Extras (ib 2. w 3) — — 5 

Tool (2 wkts. 15 overs) 32 

Haas m 

C M WbBb, A P Wats. ff J GcUtf. G S la 
Roux. D A Room. A C S Pigott and A N 
Jones to baL 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-7, 2-19. 
YORKSHIRE: MDMoxon, A A MetcabO.S 
N Hartley. PE Robinson, JD Low. *tCL 
Bairstow, P Carte*. P J Hartley. P W 
Jarvis, C Shaw, S □ FMcher. 

Umpires: J Bkfcanshaw and JW Holder. 
CORRECTION: Surrey v Sussex. 
Guildford. July 30: Second Innings bowl- 
ing: Imran Khan 11-0-45-0. not as pre- 
wously pubWtatL 

Schools Cricket by George Chesterton 

1986 has proved a vintage 
year for batsmen. N A Stanley of 
Bedford Modern. M P Speight 
ofHursipierpoint, J I Longley of 

side. Clifton played attractive, 
attacking cricket and most of 

Tonbridge and M A Crawley of 
Manchester GS all added to 

their young eleven will return 
next year. They wound-up then- 
season with wins against East- 
bourne and Winchester in the 
Tonbridge Five Schools 

At Shrewsbury, with four 
schools involved, honours fin- 
ished even. Charterhouse and 

Manchester GS all added to 
their term time four-figure ag- 
gregates in the recent Oxford 
MCC Schools FestivaL 

Crawley proved himself a real 
craftsman in making 114 for 
MCC West, and followed it with 
77 against the formidable Sri 
Lankan Young Cricketers. R 
Morris of Stowe and D Spiller of 
Worcester RGS also passed 
1.000 runs for their schools this 

Sherborne had a successful 
season with seven wins to their 
credit They owe much to the 
accurate bowling of Slade, who 
was only three wickets away 
from a school record. They 
came near to defeating Chelten- 
ham, another well-balanced 

Malvern both enjoying convinc- 
ing victories. J Wileman of 

Malvern laid the foundation of 
his side's- win over their hosts 
with a mature innings. Malvern 
then went down to 
Charterhouse, who raced to 200 
before lunch and set a target of 
289. Rugby, Malvern and 
Charterhouse hope to be joined 
by Lancing in next year’s 

Charterhouse bad a season of 
dramatic changes of fortune, 
losing earlier to Eton, Lanc in g 

and Westminster. J Teeger has 
proved a valuable import as a 
wicketkeeper-batsman at Eton. 
They were unlucky that the 
weather deprived them of vic- 
tory over Harrow at Lord's. J 
Norman and C York shared the 
wickets in bowling Harrow out 
for 37. 

During the term Harrow had 
four convincing wins. Lan c ing 
did particularly well winning 
eight of their school matches, 
and A J Cunningham developed 
into a useful all-rounder. They 
lost in the final of the Langdale 
Cup to Harstpierpoint who 
have also enjoyed a good year, 
with Speight being outstanding. 

Brighton finished on a high 
note with two wins in the 
Ipswich Festival, and St Rani's, 
the host team, also won twice in 
their festival against Fettes and 
The Leys. 

From the moment play began 
at 1 1.15. it was dear conditions 
favoured the bowlers. Hartley, 
fresh from a championship ca- 
reer-best of six for 68 on 
Saturday after being left out of 
the side, exploited them eagerly, 
moving the ball both ways off a 
commendaWy full length. 

Green went immediately, 
bowled through the gate by one 
which nipped back. Eight un- 
comfortable overs and a 25- 
minute delay for rain later, 
Parker followed, undone by a 
delivery which left him as be 
pushed forward uncertainly. 
Carrick holding a sharp chance 
low at first slip. 

next seasoru-and will 
the wadd championship senes if 
the offer is rejected. A Renault 
spokesman, siud . the company 
had asked McLaren to reply by 

August 14. 

**If McLaren decides to con- 
tinue' with TAG/Pofschc." the 
spokesman said, “'Renault win 
stop Formula One.”. Renault 


New secretary 

David Heath, aged 54, the 
former Warwickshire pl ayer, is 
to become the county’s secretary 
from October 1. 


Broome off to 
Dublin Show 

No play yesterday 

Imran Khan replaced him. to 
be greeted by a Jarvis bouncer 
which fizzed past his ear — a 
sign, when one considers that 
Imran has still to bowl today, of 
Yorkshire's present ebullience. 
Before any more serious damage 

NatWest Trophy quarteMirata 
LEKESTBt: LeicesiefsNre v Lancaster* 
WORCESTER: Worcestershire v 


Tour match 

NORTHAMPTON: Northa mpton*** V 
New Zealanders. 

Minor Counties 

OXFORD: Oxkxdshtre 257 *or 5 dacJM 
kkvton 100. PFowter 761 and 144 tori dec 

David Broome, who is enjoy- 
ing one of his most successful 
seasons for several years, is one 
of the six Britons who will 
compete zi next week's Dublin 
Horse Show. He will ride Roy- 
ale. his Hamburg Derby winner 
(Jenny MacArthur writes). . . 

After three lean seasons, 
Broome's luck started to ch a n ge 
when he won the BSJA National 
Championship on Phoenix Park 
at The Royal Show earlier this 

Los Locos at last gasp 

.... By John Watson ‘ . 

moiuh. The Hamburg Derby 10 
davs ago brought more 

Following, the recent Sussex 
rain the going was perfect when 
die three conclusive quarter- 
finals of ibe Cowdray,- Park 
Challenge Cup were played off 
at Midhurst yesterday^ Los Lo- 
cos defeated Southfield -6-5 on 
the River .Ground while outhc 
Lawns Royal Berkshire beat 
Maple Leato 8-5. - 
Southfield suffered* casualty: 
David Jamison, who had his 
stick-hand bruised in a recent 

pleasure lb ..see: This was as 
levd as a polo tussle can be and 
Los Locos found the Southfidd 
flags with their Vwinxnng dot as 
the last bell was^ ringing. - 
Royal Berkshire, pm together 

by Bryan Morrison and Norman 
Lobd, are , nicely balanced 
-The final encounter saw a 9!6- 
7 win for Rosamundo (received 
I'h) against Cowdray Park. 

LOO LOCOS: 1. 8 tocnSraon f4* 2, G 

< !' ro, i taon * 

SOUTHFELD: 1 r J Yeoman (It 2,* Kent 
(8E 3.0 Brew (9); bade. C Bette* Of. 
hOTAL HMONMb L 0 Montaon (Ik 2. 
C Forsyth (6); a. Lon*C BomfanJ (Q: 

53). Drawn. 

days ago brought more 
successand then, last weekend, 
again on Royale, he helped 
Britain win the Swedish Nations 
Cup at Falsterbo and also came 

medium-goal match, was re- 
placed attack by Chris Bethell,- 
who. off a three handicap, has 
achieved quite a reputation. 

Southfield's Rinehart-Kent 

could be inflicted, rain again 
drove the players from the field 
and this time it did not relent 

SWINDON: BwfcaWre 257 far 4 doc fM 


5 dec (B h Whrta 6*. M Soofnan 76). and I g f«tt R y ar Ta Son), M VWwaker (Next 
94 tor 4. Drawn. 

third in the Jumping Derby. 
TEAM: D Broome (RoyWoL P.Chwfas 

back. A Galvan (6). . 

MAPLE LEAFS: 1,- AEow« (3)T 2. T 

warren pram}. 

losing some of its magic, was 
back in its old stride: They were 
marked with great tenacity by. 
the Cire n cester team whose 
home bred ponies are such a 

; 3* j/tfeNodd fl* tadc, (5 

On (4* 3, 8No»ws(S£ back. P V^ra 


Ail dWdands s«b)ecr to rescrutkiy. Al matches for July 2Sth 

Amiss makes the top grade 








24PTS- £168,079-25 

23 PTS £376-55 

22V2 PTS £284-75 

22 PTS £38-40 

21V2 PTS £12-00 

21 PTS £10-15 

TrtWe Cloaca fivMaafe ta Paitsaf V&p. 

4 DRAWS £11-15 

12 HOMES £75-15 


6AVWYS £5-50 

Ataw dhri deads taunts rflllp 

Expenses and Commission 
12th July 1986-282% 






12 HOMES £10090 

(Raid on lOConect) (Nothing Banrad) 

8 A WAYS £16J5 

(Nothing Barred) 

4 DRAWS £3-55 

(Nothing Barred) 

Above Dividends to Units of 10p. 

Expenses and Commission far 12th July 

For coupons Phone 01-200 0200 





tD» »an Ml >!* -*44 


Dennis Amiss joined one of 
the most exclusive of all 
cricket colleges on Tuesday 
when he became only the 21st 
batsman in the history of the 
game to score a century of 
centuries. The founder mem- 
ber was W G Grace in 1895; 
the last to become eligible, 
before Amiss, was Zaheer 
Abbas In December 1982. The 
next will be Vivian Richards, 
whose last hundred, for 
Somerset against Kent on 
June 14, was his 91st. The 
only others within range are 
Alvin Kailichanan (82) and 
Sunil Gavaskar (79). 

Amiss owes his great 
distinction not to genius or 
instinct or quick-wittedness, 
bat mainly to perseverance. Of 
the other 20 members of the 
dub only **WG" took more 
innings to reach a hundred 
hundreds. His came in his 
1,113th and Amiss’s in his 
1,081st. Don Bradman's came 
in an unbelievable 295 and 
Denis Compton's in only 552. 
Geoff Boycott's took 645, a 
higher ratio than anyone other 
than Bradman, Compton and 
Leu Hntton (619). 

Amiss is 43. older than all 
the others when they reached 
the milestone except for 
“WG" who was 46, Ernest 
Tytdesley. who was 45, and 
Les Ames and Andrew 
Sandbam, who were both 44. 
In 1928 W G Qnaife was 56 
when in his only champion- 
ship match of the season, for 
Warwickshire against Derby- 
shire, he "batted with all his 
old-time steadiness and skill 
for four hours 20 minutes, 
offering no chance and making 
his runs with a nice variety of 
stroke-lIFtoM. RES Wy- 
att and W G Grace are the 
only others to have made first- 
class hundreds as late as their 
57th year, though both were 
! very slightly younger than 

For a long time Amiss's 
i career was one of rather more 
downs than ups. In his first 
championship innings, id 
1960, he was ran out for 
nought, and by 1964, when he 


FUfl fist of pteyers who have scored ?00 100s: number 
of innings required and year the mBestone was reached 


Amiss: Perseverance personified 




DG Bradman 



D Compton 



L Hutton 



G Boycott 



Zaheer Abbas 



WR Hammond 



H Sutcliffe 



EH Hendran 



G M Turner 



JB Hobbs 






C P Mead 



LEG Ames 



GETy Wesley 



T WGraveney 



J H Edrjcfr 



FE Woolley 



M C Cowdrey 



TW Hayward 



DL Amiss 



WG Grace 



39 117 

34 123 

35 129 

36 151 

35 107 
31 167 

37 149 

39 170 
35 103 

40 197 

44 107 

40 153 

44 102 

45 102 

37 122 
40 103 
42 145 

40 107 

42 104 

43 100 

46 126 

4 i j «i w j4 ( My illy 

•■ti -iLi .- .-i- t . | *~<t r . J ' >T .. r n , i 1 

irr ^ 1 P Ji. 

CompSed by Rtclrard Streeton 

finished at the bottom of the 
Warwickshire averages (55 
runs in eight champfonship 
innings), it was looking as 
though be might never make 
the grade. A heavy scorer in 
Second XI cricket be did tittle 
good for the first side until 
1965. Then in 1966, although 
he had yet to score a 
championship hundred, he 
suddenly leapt out of the pack, 
making 160 not out for 
Warwickshire against foe 
West Indians and playing m 
the last Test match against 
them at the Oval. 

By 1972 he was straggling 
again, even his county place 
being in doubt Left out for 
several matches in the early 
part of that season, his lock 
changed when, in mid-June, 
he was given the chance to go 
in first against Middlesex at 
Edgbaston. He scored 151 not 
out and that really set him off. 

In his first 12 Test matches, 
between 1966 and 1972. he 
had averaged only 1&32: in his 
next 20 (1972-74) he averaged 
71.33 and bit eight centuries, 
his 262 not out against West 
Indies in Jamaica in March 

1974 being one of foe greatest 
of all match-saving efforts. 

There was one other Test 
triumph to come — an innings 
of 203 against West Indies in 
foe fifth Test match of 1976. 
So vulnerable had he become 
against the fastest bowling 
that after being hit a dreadful 
blow by Holding, playing for 
MCC against foe West In- 
dians at the start of the 1976 
season, he had developed a 
curiously peripatetic method 
to counter them. I remember 
asking him, after he had been 
picked to play in that Oval 
Test whether he was looking 
forward to it He had achieved 
so much and yet suffered such 
tortures against Lillee and 
Thomson that I thought he 
might, deep down, have been 
content to rest on his earlier 
laurels. Bat not a bit of it 
“Yes, of course I am,** he said. 
If asked to come back today, I 
hare no doubt be would jump 
at that too. 

It would be kindest I think, 
to draw something of a veil 
over his association with the 
Packer circus. As it was to all 
the others, the money was an 
attraction. At foe same time. 

Amiss was more concerned 
than most not to let his friends 
down. He joined World Series 
Cricket m foe end, and had a 
miserable time, ducking and 
weaving and hardly getting a 
ran as foe ball flew round his 
ears in makeshift matches on 
makeshift pitches. That be- 
hind him, and given a new 
lease of life by foe helmet lie 
settled contentedly back into 
county cricket to add to his 
huge stockpile of runs. With 
over 41,000 of them at an 
average of 43 he is now twelfth 
in foe all-time list having 
Overtaken Sand ham earlier 
(his season. 

Dennis Amiss loves batting. 
He never gives an innings 
away, anyway until he is sated. 
He is a soUd, pipe-smoking 
citizen, a formidable player 
through mid-wicket, endlessly 
patient and on his day a 
thunderous driver of foe balk 
an admirable example, in fact, 

in ^"nmring between wick- 
ets) and a worthy member of a 
very exclusive fellowship. 

^ ‘ if. ■ 


John Woodcock 

NaWost Trophy 

LEICESTER: Leicestershire v 

HEADINQLEY: YorteWra v Sussex. 
WORCESTER: Worces te r s hire v 

Tour match 

NORTHAMPTON: Northampton v 
New Zealanders. ■ 

Other match 

•ESMOND: England v Rest of World 



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wathi axUNfe European CMfaptarv- 
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TACHTWG: Rattona) Burma Week, ’"s* 



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u I 

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920 XtU Commonwealth 
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12-30 News After Noon with 
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1.00 .Uttte Misses and the 

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1.15 XID Commonwealth 
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Men’s 5,000m; 5.05 Men's 
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fiLOO News with Nicholas 

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7.35 EastEndera. The Albert 
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Debbie makes up her mind 
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8J0 Bbdymatter*. The first of 
a new e^jht-part senes 
presented by Drs Graeme 
Garden. Alan Maiyon 
Davis and Gillian Rice. 
With the help of oustsize 
models and the studio 
audience, the medical trio 
examine teeth. {Ceefax) 

820 Sharon and' Elsie. The two 
girls decide that if they 
worked flexi-time it would 
make Dfe easier. But they 
discover that they have 
upset the union powers 
that be in the printing 
works where they are 
employed, (r) 

9J0 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 
Regional news ana 

&30 XIII Commonwealth 
Games, introduced by 
Desmond Lynam. 
Highlights of the 
afternoon's action, plus 
.. news of bowling, 

\ badmir«ton.cyding. 

wrestting ana shooting. 
.(Ceefax) ■ 

11.30 Rhode. Rhode's 
complaints about the 
apartment block's 
intercom voice leads to a 
change. And the sacked 
doorman's mother doesn't 
like it one bit Starring 
Valerie Harper and Julie 

11.55 Weather. 


E.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented by Anne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon 
Honeycombs at 620. 7.00, 
7 JO, loo, 820 and 9.00; 
financial news at 6-35; 
sport at 6^0 and 7^45: 
exerases at R55; cartoon 
ar 7.25; pop muse at 7 J5; 
and Jen Barnett's 

8-45 KSSgfpf^itedby 

Timmy MaJJatL 


9 J5 Thames news headlines 
followed by World Chess 
Championship, a repeat 
of last night's programme 

9.40 Lost Kingdoms. A 
drama illustrating man's 
dominance within the tribal 
system 10.10 Joyce and 
the Wheeled Warriors. 
Cartoon series. 

10J0 (stand WiJdtrte. The 
animals and plants that 
thrive along Ireland's 2000 
miles of coastline, (r) 1120 
„ CoumjMjous CM. Cartoon 
11-30 About Britain. Michael 
Duffy travels by vintage 
car and horse-drawn ' 
through the Ctogher 
m Ulster 

12.00 TMes From Fat TuHp'a 

Garden. The Ugliest 
Possible Face, (r) 12.10 
Puddle Lane. Puppet 
show presented by Neil 
Innas, (r) 12J0 The 

1.00 News at One with Carol 
Barnes 1J0 Thames 
news 1.30 Riptide. When 
private detective Boz is 
captured by a killer his 
colleagues come to his 
rescue 2J25 Home 
Cookery Chib. Gritted 
Lemon Sole. 

2.30 Three LJttta Words. A new 
senes of the word game 
show presented by Ray 
Allan and Bartxs 3.00 
Take the High Road. 

Drama senai 3.25 Thames 
news headlines 3 JO Sons 
and Daughters 

4.00 Tales From Fat Tulip'a 
Garden. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon. 4.10 The Moomins. 
Cartoon senes. (r)4J20 
Nature Trait indudes 
David Taylor at Madrid 
Zoo finding out about the 
Giant Panoa. 

4.45 Underthe Same Sky: 

Reeta Robinson. The 
story of two Finnish 
children on an island 
holiday who worry when 
their parents fad to return 
from a shopping 
expedition on tne 

5.15 Silver Spoons. 

5.45 News with Ala stair 
Stewart 6 JO Thames 

6-25 Help! How local authorities 
play an important rote in 

Turbo-Once Round the Block: oa 
Channel 4, at 8.00pm 

8.00pm) is anatomy without 
tears. But if there are any tears, 
they are of laughter, ana are 
shed by those members of me 
studio audience who are 
happy to be used as guinea-pigs. 

Returning tonight for a 
summer run. the series begins 
with something for aU of us to 
bite on and chew over teeth and 
gums and the benefits end 
disorders thereof. Some of the 
advantages of possessing a 
good set of molars illustrated 
tonight are of a highly 
specialised nature. Not 
everybody wants to play 
Mozart's Turkish March cm Ms 
teeth, or hang by his ivories 
from the ceiling. Also, there must 
be a stnet limit to the DfY 
usefulness of fixing a tooth to the 
end of a drill and boring a 
hole in a brick watt with it. And 
so, having whisked you Into a 


from of excitement at me thought 
of what is in store for you in 
Bodymatiers tonight. I think there 
is little prospect or the young 
lady in the studio getting her wish 
when, at the end of the 
experiment that reveals there are 
10 million bacteria m her 
saliva and 100 nuttion on her 
tongue, she covers her face 
in embarrassment and gasps: ”t 
hope no-one's watching ! " 

• There are more good 
anecdotes per min ute m the Billy 
Wilder interview PORTRAIT 
(Channel 4. 1 1.30pm) than I 
have ever neard m a 
conversation with a 
Hollywood director-writer. As a 
raconteur. Wilder is Roman 
Candle of a man. and the 

juxtaposition of mis human 
pyrotechnics display with the 
gravitas of the French film 
critic Michel Ci mem makes for 
entertainment that is 60% 
Wikleresque. There are amusing 
reminiscences from Jack 
Lemmon and Walter Matthau, 
two performers wnose joint 
or individual contribution to the 
hilarity of half a dozen or so 
Wilder successes such as The 
Front Page. Some Like it Hot 
and' Meet Wtvptasn Wilue cannot 
be overestimated. 

• Radio choice: The People 
Who Came, Radio 4's report on 
Caribbean communities m 
Britain, with a phone-in (7.40pm) 
and the Liszt memorial 
concert, live from Bayreuth, 
(Radio 3. 7.15 and. plus 
pictures but minus stereo sound, 
on BBC2). 

Peter Davalie 

BBC 2 

6 .55 Open University: Inner City 
Story - The Docker. Ends 
at 7.20. 

9.00 The Pink Panther Show. 

(r) 9.15 Dudley Do- Right 
Cartoon. 925 Duncan 
Dares. Peter Duncan is in 
Hong Kong for the Dragon 
Boat Race. (Q 
9 JO Newsround Special 
Delivery. 9.55 The 
Adventures of BuHwinkto 
end Rocky. Pan seven, (r) 
10.00 Why Don't You..? 
Ideas for youngsters with 
time on their hands 10J5 
The Adventures of 
BuOwtnkle and Rocky, 
ht. (r) 10.30 Play 


Doctors down ia the mouth: 
on BBCL, at 8.00pm 

generating employment. 

6J5 Crossroads. 

7.00 Eiranerdale Farm. The day 
of the bowls match dawns 
and Amos is feeling 

7 JO Give Us a Clue. Celebrity 
charades show. Lionel 
- Biair and-Una Stubbs are - 
joined by Emily Bolton. 

Joe Brown, Anita Harris. 

' Geoffrey Hughes. Patrick 
Mower and Beryl Raid. 

8.00 Minder: Goodbye SaBor. 
Arthur has to quickly 
unload a supply of sports 
shoes of dubious 
provenance after Dot Sgt 
Chisholm pays him a visit; 
and then entrusts Terry 
with a large amount of 
cash to buy a supply of 
cigarette tobacco at an 
advantageous price, (r) 

9.00 Troubles and Strife. 
Comedy series about a 
young vicar and the 
impressionable wives of 
his parish. (Oracle) 

9J0 Workout Men and women 
talk about how 
unemployment has 
affected them. 

10.00 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Martyn Lewis. 

10J0 HoteL Drama series set n 
a swish San Francisco 

11.30 Burning of the Phoenix. 

Part three of the series on 
the Royal College of Art. 

12JJ0 Lifestyles of the Rich and 

12.25 Night Thoughts. 

Part eight. 

School, fr) 

10.50 Sab Raa. Songs and 
dances performed by 
Aslan artists 11.45 Home 
on Sunday. Cliff 
Micheimore visits the poet 
Charles Causley at his 
Launceston, Cornwall, 
home, (r) (Ceefax) 

12J0 Film: None But tna Lonely 
Heart* (1944) starring 
Cary Grant and Ethel 
Barrymore. The story of a 
young slum-dweller who is 
determined to rise above 
the squalor of London in 
the 30s. Directed by 
Clifford Odets. 

2.10 Glorious Goodwood. The 
2.30, 3.00, 3.40 (The 
Goodwood Cup), and 4.10 
races 4.23 Regional news. 

4.25 The Roman Holidays. 
Cartoon. 4.45 HekfL 
Drama serial about a 
young orphan gul (r) 5.10 
Fame. More dramas from 
New York's School tor the 
Performing Arts, (r) 

6 JO XIII Commonwealth 
Games, introduced by 
Steve Rider. Badminton, 
bowls, shooting, wrestling 


and cycling are' covered. ' 

7.15 Uazt Week. The 
Centenary Memorial 
Concert live from the 
Bayreuth Festival Theatre. 
Liszt's Faust Symphony, 
and Second Piano 
Concerto Mrformed by 
Krystian Zhnerman 
(piano); Robert Schunk 
(tenor); the mate voices of 
the Bayreuth Festival 
Chorus and members of 
the Bayreuth festival 
Orchestra conducted by 
' " Daniel Barenboim, 
(simultaneous broadcast 
with Radio 3) 

9.00 The Travel Show. Kathy 
Rochford reports from a 
baking Kusadasi; Matthew 
Collins made six cross 
channel trips in two days 
to discover the best ways 
of tackling the crowded 
duty free shops on the 
ferries: Jim Bacon judges 
which travel brochures 
give the correct resort 
temperatures; a trading 
examines complaints and 
assesses the likelihood of 
compensation; and Valerie 
Webster goes hiking in the 
Yorkshire Dates, staying 
overnight In youth hostels. 
9 JO Moonlighting. American 
private detective series. 

10J0 Making Waves includes a 
profile of Clare Seeger, 
the first British woman to 
be the World Champion 

10 JO Newsnlght includes an 
interview with Norman 
Tlbbet 11.35 Weather. 

11.40 Open University: 

Weekend outlook 11.45 
The History of Mongolism. 
Ends at 12.15. 

2.35 Film: Gangway* (1937) 
starring Jessie Matthews. 
A musical comedy thriller 
about a newspaper 
reporter suspected of 
being an international 
jewel thief by a gullible 
policeman. Directed by 
Son rue Hate. 

4.15 FHm: The Frozen North* 
(1922) starring Buster 
Keaton. A silent comedy In 
which Keaton plays the 
rote of a frustrated lover 
having trouble with the 
woman's husband and a 
grizzly during the Gold 
Rush days in the Yukon. 
Directed by Buster Keaton 
and Eddte Cfine. 

4 JO Dancin' Days. Julia tries to 
persuade Marisa to move 
with the baby to her own 
apartment Meanwhile, the 
new owner of the disco 
ins his changes. 

(1933). The first of a series 
of films In tribute to the 
late James Cagney. He 
stars with Joan Blondeil, 
Ruby Keater and Dick 
Powell in this musical tale 
of a producer ot stage 
prologues that were 
favoured by the big 
cinemas to tempt the 
punters. When the 
producer's star performer 
dnnks too much, the 
producer himself has to go 
onstage as the song-and- 
danca man. Directed by 
Lloyd Bacon and Busby 

7.00 Channel Four news with 
Trevor McDonald and 
Nicholas Owen includes 
the resuits of an opinion 
poll commissioned by ITN 
and The Times on the 
future of the 

7 JO Comment from Dr Anna 
Mann, managing director 
of an international 
executive research 
company. Weather. 

8 JO Equinox. The first in a new 
weekly series dealing with 
aspects of science and 
technology. Turbo - Once 
Round the Block, is the 
first of a two programmes 
dealing with the 
technological ingenuity 
that goes into Formula 
One motor racing. 

9J0 Gardeners' Calendar 
introduced by Hannah 
Gordon. Among the tasks 
explained are the basics of 
planting up a trough of 
Alpines; choosing 
bedroom; and helping a 
cottage garden to seed 
itself. (Oracle) (i) 

9 J0 The Price. The third and 
final episode of the thriller. 
The tension mounts as 
does the violence of the 
kidnappers as the talks 
about an agreed ransom 
continue. If the kidnappers 
do agree a price and a 
location for the exchange 
how can they be sure that 
the police will not be on 
hand? A desperate 
Geoffrey Carr enlists the 
help of computers to track 
down the hideaway .(Oracle) | 

11 JO F3m: Portrait of a "60% 
Perfect 1 Mon (1980) A 
documentary portrait of 
film director Bily Wilder, 
with contributions from, 
among others. Walter 
Matthau and Jack 
Lemmon. Directed by 
Annie Tresgct (see 
Choice) Ends at 12Ja 

( Radio 4 


6.55 Shipping. 6.00 News Briefing 
Weather. 6. 10 Farmmg. 

6J5 Prayer (si 
6 JO Today, rnci 6 JO. 7 JO. 

8J0 Nows Summary. 

6.4S Business News. 6J5. 
7.55 Weather. 7 JO. 8.00 
News. 7.25. &2S Sport 7.45 
Thought lor the Day. 835 
Parliament 837 Weather; 
9JO News 

9J5 Face the Facts. Another 
Margo MacDonald 
investigative programme (r) 
930 The Natural History 
Programme. Diseases 
affecting animal populations. 

10.00 News; The Good Book. 

Brian Redhead continues 
Ids exploration of The Bible 

1030 Morning Story Itchy 
Ryder and the Green 
Frog, by Ena May. Read by 
Maiy Ryan. 

10.45 An Act of Worship (s) 

11 JO News; Travel; Inside 
Castro's Cuba. Bernard 
Jackson discovers mat 
Cons nanny is regaining a 
measure ot acceptaMtty on 
the island (r) 

11.48 Time for Verse. Aidan 
Can Matthews discusses 
politics and poetry in Oman. 

12.00 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice. 

1237 Trivia Test Match Game 
based on the rules of 
cricket, with umpire Brian 
Johnstone and captains 
Ton Rice and Wdue Rushton 
(r) 1235 Weather 

1.00 The World At One: News 
1.40 The Archers 135 

2J0 News: Woman's Hour. 

With Sue MacGregor. 

3J0 News: The Afternoon 
Play. Keeping m Touch, 
by Owen Holder, with 
Ehzabeth Bed as the 
woman who gives a dinner 
party (s) 

4.00 News 

4J5 A Good Read. A choice 
of paperbacks. With 
Brian Gear. Humphrey 
Carpenter and Isabel 

435 Insh Arts Week. The 
Pnncess Grace Insh 
Library in Monaco. 

5J0 PM. News magazine330 
ipping 535 weather 
8 JO News; Financial Report 
6 JO Brain of Britain 1986. 
Second round: Scotland. 
Wales and Northern Ireland 

7.00 News 

7.05 The Archers 

7 JtD 1886 (new senes) 

Stanley Williamson on life 
In Plymouth 100 years ago 
as reflected m provincial 

730 Caribbean Focus 86 The 
People Who Came. The 
contribution of Caribbean 
culture to life in Britain 
today, with a discussion 
between Alex Pascal l. 

Clive Lloyd and Or Ivan 
Hendry, recorded 
features. Presenter Trevor 
McDonald. Includes a 
phone-in: 01-560 441 1 (from 

9.00 Does He Take Sugar? 

For disabled listeners 
and their families. 

9 JO Giyn Worsnip links 

recordings from the BBC 
Sound Archives. 

9.45 Irish Arts Week: Two 
Great Minds. The life of 
Helen Waddell, Ulster 
scholar of medieval 
literature who wrote die 
novel Peter Abelard. 

10.15 A Book At Bedtime: 

Under a Monsoon Cloud, 
by H n F Keating (4). Read 
by Sam Dastor. 

10-30 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

11.30 Today in Parliament 

11.45 Persona Grata. Jeanine 
McMullen cnooses a 
favourite character from 

12.00 News; Weather. 1233 

VHF (available m England and 
S Wales onty) as above 
except 5354 JOam Weather; 
Travel J.05-10.30 Pirate 
Radio 4 (s) 135-2. 00pm 
Listening Comer (s) 530- 
535 PM (Continued!. 1130- 
12.10am Open University 
1130 Love and Wit m Twelfth 
Night. 1130 Folk Seng 
and the Romantics. 

( Radio 3 ~) 

On VHF only: - 
635 Open University. Until 
635am. Marx. Angels 
and Manchester 
On itMdhim wave: - 
635 Weather. 7.00 News 
7.05 Concert Rossini (William 
Tett overture), Brahms 

E wo Songs Op 91: 

eavy. contralto. Jewel, 
viola and Hambtager, piano), 
Eigar(Stnm Quartet in E 
minor, Op 83). 8J3 News 


Liszt (Rakoczy March, 
and Au bond crune 

source: Horowitz, piano). 
Bach (Sonata in G far 
two Rutes and continue. 
8WV 13039). Stravinsky 
(Apollo ballet). 9J0 News 
9J5 This Week's Composer: 
Paganini. Sonatas Op 2, 
No 5 m D. No 6 in A minor ( 
Kantorow.vtohn, Gifford, 
guitar). Liszt (Paganini 
Studies No 1 ana No 2 : 

Ousseiptano), Violin 
Concerto No 3 



Liszt. Orpheus Psalm 13. 
Suigin English. 
RPO/Beecham Choral 
Society, and Waiter Midgley 

1040 She Continents: foreign 
monitored by the BBC 
11.00 Janos Starker: csBo 

recital. With Alain Planes 
(piano). Popper (Hungarian 
Rhapsody. Op 68), 

Dohnanyi (Sonata in B flat. 
Op 81 

11.40 Pied Piper: David 
Munrow talks about 
Berlioz and the Fantastic 

1030 Proms 86: part two. Uszt 
(Dante Symphony) 

11.45 Lata Uszt Dietrich 

12J0 BBC Welsh SO (under 
Bryden Thomson). With 
Ronald Breutigam (piano). 
Uszt (Tasso, lamento e 
tnonfo), Satnt-Saens 
(Fantasy Africa. Op 89). 

Uszt ( Herokfe funebre). 1.00 

1 J5 BBC Singers. with Peter 
Noke ana Helen Krizos 
(piano duet). Brahms ( Neue 
Uebesheder. Op 65) and 
Mendelssohn works 
including Andante and 
Variations in B flat. Op 83a; 
and AJJagro brfflant Op 

2J0 Franz Schmidt 
Quartet members, 

King (ciannet)and Clifford 
Benson (piano). Quintet 
in A 

3.10 Don Sanche: Liszt's one- 
act opera, sung in 
French. BBC Scottish SO 

WoolfendenJ/Scottish Opera 

Chorus, and a cast 
including Michael Goidthorpe 
(title rote) and Lots 
McDonan (Eizire). 435 News 

5 JO Manly tor Pleasure: with 
Michael Berkeley 

6330 Bandstand: Laytand 
Vehicles Band.with 
Keith Swallow (piano). 
Keighley (A Northern 
Rhapsody). Gregson 

7.00 Letter from Devon: by 
Tony Gould 

7.15 Uszt Centenary Concert 
from Bayreuth, with the 
FesnvaJ Orchestra (under 
8arenbotm), Festival 
Chorus, Krystian Zimerman 
(Piano). Robert Schunk 
(tenor)- Piano Concerto No 2. 
and A Faust Symphony 
(also on BBC2) 

9J0 A Man worth Knowing: 

Dand Ceilings plays 
James Henry Leigh hunt in 
Melissa BakewelPs 


itimmen schwelgen , Blums 

und Duft and other works 
1137 News. 12J0 Closedown 

C Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
tor VHF variations 
News on the hour. Heacffines 
530am. 6J0. 730 and 830. 
Commonwealth Games, reports 
10J2am. 11.02, 12J2pm. 8J2. 

9.02, 11.02. Cricket Scoreboard 
730pm Natwest Trophy semi-final 

draw 930am 

4J0am Charles Nova (s) 530 
Ray Moons (s) 730 Derek Jameson 
(s) 930 Teddy Johnson (a) 

11 J5 Jimmy Young (a) 1.15pm 
David Ja«bs (s) 230 
Commonwealth Games SpadaL 
Also Racing from 
Goodwood:330 £40,000 
Goodwood Cup. and 4.10 
£26,000 King George Stakes 7 JO 
Country Chub (s) 9J0 Hit it 
Boys! The roots of American 
country music (s) 935 Sports 
Desk 1DJ0 Huddwinks starring 
Roy Hudd 1030 Star Sound 
Cinema (the movie world) 11.10 
Round Midnight (stereo from 

9.45 Proms 8&LSO (under 
Conlon), Finchley 
Children s Music Group, and 
Jorge Boiet (piano). Part 
one. Liszt (Two Legends), 
and Liszt orchestration 
of Schubert's Fantasia in C, 
D 760 (Wanderer) 

1035 The Complete Uszt?: a 
reflection by John 


Radio 1 

On metfium warn VHF 
variations at end 
News on the half-hour from 
630am until 830pm men at 1030 
and 1230 midnight 
530 Adnan John 7 JO Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bates 11.00 Radio l 
Roadshow from Clacton-on-Sea 

(Steve Annett) 5.45 Bruno Brookes 
7.30 Janice Long 9.00 The Best 
of Rod. Rod Stewart talks to Janice 
Long (3) 10.00-12.00 Andy 
Kershaw(s). VHF Radios 1 & 2> 
4.00am As radio 2 10 JO As 
Radiol 12J0-4.00araAsRaflo2 


6J0 Nawsdosk. 6.30 Nature Notebook. 
6.40 Farming World. 7.00 News. 739 
Twenty Four Hours. 730 New Wives on 
Startwavo. 7.45 Sportswortd. 830 news. 
839 Raflecbons. 8.15 Country Style. 830 
John Peek 930 Nawi. 939 Rewow of 
British Press. 9.15 World Today. 830 
Financial Nows. 930 Look Ahaad. 935 
Ruler's Guide to Repression. 1030 Nows. 
1031 Ray Moore tala n.OO News. 
1139 News About Britain. 11.15 New 
Maas. 11.25 Umar From England, hjo 
A ssignment 1230 Radio NawsraaL 12.15 
Tap Twenty- 12.45 Sports Roundup. 130 
News. 139 Twenty Four Hours. 130 
Sportswortd. 135 Land of Song. 230 
Outlook. 235 Decade of Hts. 330 Radio 
NowsreeL 3.15 The Pleasure's Yours. 
430 News. 439 Commentary. 4.15 
SponaworkL 635 Sports Roundup. 830 
News. 839 Twenty Four Hours. 830 
Business Manara. 9100 News. 931 
Sportswortd. 9.15 Jolly Good Show. 1030 
world News. 1039 World Today. 1025 
Letter From England. 10J0 iWidal 
News. 1030 Reflections. 1035 Sports 
Roiaidup. 1130 News. 1U9 Commen- 
tary. 11.15 Merchant 
1130 Native Notebook. 

World. 1200 News. 1209 

Britain. 1215 Radio Newsreel 1230 
Music Now. 130 News. 131 Outlook. 130 
Land ot Song. 135 Book Choice. 130 In 
me Meantime. 200 News. 239 Review of 
Brash Press. 215 Sportswortd. 230 
Aspects of Uzst. 330 News. 339 News 
About Brttan. 215 World Today. 435 
Reflections. 430 Financial News. 530 
News. 539 Twenty-Four Hours. 535 
World Today. A8 tinea In GMT. 

s. iun uxmwn- 
Navy Programme, 
ok. 1130 Fanning 
1209 News About 

63Spm-730 Reporting Scotland. 
Today s Sport 830-7.D0 inside tester 
1135-1200 News and woamar. EN- 
GLAND, 8J5pm-730 Regional news 

channel sagas, 

1030 Jack Hotom 1035 Cartoon 
1130-1130 Captain Scarlet 130pm . 
News 130 Home Cookery 130-230 
Riptide 330-430 CounnyGP 5-15-535 
Connectnns 630435 Channel Re- 
port 1030 Your Music 1130 Burmnn the 
Phoem 1 130 That's HoBywood 12M 
Urnoucnabies 130am Closedown 

Rapons 930 Josephine and Men 
1130 Granada Reports 1135 About Brtt- 
mi 1130-1230 Connections 130pm 
Granada Reports 130-230 Country 
Practice 33&430 Young Doctors 
5.15-535 Survival 630 Granada Reports 
830-835 Tins is Your Right 830- 
930 Falcon Crest 1030-1130 Mike Ham- 
mar 1200 New Squadronaaas 
12235am Ctosedown 
TVS As London except 938am 

Sesame Street 1030 Jack Hof- 
bom 1035 Cartoon 1130-l130Cap- 
tam Scartot 130pa News 130 
Employment Action Lme 135-230 
RipMe 330-4.00 Counwy OP 5.15-535 

Connections 6JKF5J5 Coast to 
Coast 1030 Your Music 1130 Bwnkig 
tin Ptwems 1130 That's HoOywood 
1200 Untouchables 130am Company. 



' ' ' ■ aaam Blockbusters 

250 Robostory 10.18 Moon Jumper 
1035 Survival of me Fittest 1130-11 30 
Cainomn Highways 1 230pm- 1 30 
Contact 130 News 130-230 The Baron 
5.15435 Grre Us a Clue 630 
Crosscreeds 635-7.00 News 730430 
Me and My 011035 V 1230am 
Joefoder 130 Closedown 


Sesame Street 1 035 California 
Highways 1050 Cartoon 1130-1130 
Cormactiona 120pm News 130-230 The 
Baron 5.15-S35 Blockbusters 830 
Today South West 635 Falcon Crest 730 
That's My Boy 8.00-930 Murder. 

Sne Wrote 1032 Sofitmg image 1130- 
1130 Sea m Their Blood 1230 Sea- 
son of Blues 1230 Postscript 


1035 Faux (he Cat 1035 Fireoea XL5 
1 1 30 Once Upon a Tsne - Man 1 135- 
1130 Max me Mouse 130pm News 
130-230 The Baron 330 Byccnes 930- 
430 Young Doctors 5.15-5A5 Wav's 
way 830-835 Uwkareurd &00-93Q Si- 
mon and Simon 1030-1130 Mdre 
Hammer 1200 Cknedown 


1030 Cartoon 1035 Gfcmroa 1130- 
1130 Captam Scarlet 130pm News 130- 
230 Scarecrow and Mrs King 330 
Me and My Girt 330-430 The Game 630- 

635 News and Scotland Today 730- 
730 Takethe Hkm Road 1230 Crvno 
pwklWfcllJi Shindig 1236am 
Lata CaB, Closedown 

HTV WFST AaLondonex- 
ILL » ” ■sff.! . omc 938am Sesame 
Street 1035 FeBx the Cat 1240 Mika 
1135-1130 Small wonder 130pm News 
130335 Country Practice 21 5-545 
Diffrem Shotas 630-635 News 200- 
930 Falcon Crest 1030-1130 
Sweeney 1230 Mann's Best Friends 
1230am Closedown 

HIV wales 

1035 Sesame Street B30 - 

WbIbs at Six 1030-1130 1 

1030 Cartoon 11 JXM130 Once 
Upon aTnne .. Man 215-5^5 Cormao- 
nons 830535 About Angfce 730- 
730 Anything Goes 1030 Wheels 11.15 
Burning me Phoenix 11.45 Takes 
horn me Denude 121 5em Teftng the 
Taie. Closedown 

S4C Starts: 130pm Dendn' Days 
— 1 JO Alee 200 Ftafaoaiam 215 

Jraervsi 255 Flkm Tween Kanya 5JK 
Straaony 8yd 530 Kids' Kate 200 
Brooksvto 230 Wine Pnxpammo 
730 Nawvddion Sam 7JW Sarabang ty 
Crees 200 Hywel Morgan 245 Dewi 
EmyraSKS Hu Street auasiQJU The 
Price -IMO mi Closedown 

and the Wheeled Warriors SJOCafl- 
forma Highways 1215 Gtanroe 1045 Uni- 
com Tales 11J15-1130 Friends of my 
Fnmxte 1230pm-130 UmohUme Uii 

Game 215-545 Surviw 
aF 630-235 Calendar 730-830 
Thais My Boy 1230 Tales from the 
Dartmde l2JUam Closedown 

GRAMPIAN AS London e*- 

cape 935am Rna 

pvng 930 Once Upon a Tkna_ Man 
935 Sesame Street IOlSO Short Sxxy 
11.15-1130 World’s CMdran 130pm 
News 130-230 Man m a Sudcasa 5.16- 
545 Connections 200-635 Norm 
Tonight 730-730 That's My Boy 830- 
930 Falcon Crest 1030-1130 Qum- 
cy 1200 News. Closedown 


Sesame Street 1250 Under me 
M ounfetin 1130-1130 Cartoon 130pm 
Lunchtime 130-230 Simon and 5-^ 
monaM-2001 Candid Carrwra 215-245 
Supertax 200 Summer Edition 830 

Crest 1030 About Hrttam - The LBstw 
Way 1130-1130 Arcade 1200 

News. Ctosedown 

TYNE TEES AsLo "** 1 ® < - 

1 ■ S ceptftasamNewB 
930 Sesame Street 1035-1230 
Cricket England XI v Hast Of the World X] 
130pm News 1.M Lookaround 130- 

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Firrt aabfebed fa I78S 

Coe out of 1 , 500 m 
and maybe 800 m 

By Pat Batcher 

Athletics Correspondent 

Sebastian Coe, who looked 
a certainty to run two finals in 
his first Commonwealth 
Games, may appear in nei- 
ther. His first gold medal oyer 
800 metres in a major 
championship will elude lura 
for certain if this morning he 
drops out of this afternoon's 
final in which he is due to fece 
Steve Cram, among others. 
Coe's throat infection has 
..already forced him to with- 
draw from the 1,500 metres, 
the necessity for doing so at an 
early stage being that the final 
list of runners for tomorrow's 
heats had to be declared by 
9.30 yesterday morning. His 
place has gone to Rob Harri- 
son rather than Sieve Ovett, 
who made a late request for 

Coe's -decision to withdraw 
from the longer distance must 
also point to the likelihood of 
a similar exit from the 800 
metres. In announcing the 
news yesterday morning, Gor- 
don Wright, the England 
men's team manager said that 
the athlete's condition had 
improved but David 
Moorcroft, who is here as a 
commentator, saw Coe yes- 
terday, and said: ~Seb looks 
grey, and really ilL" 

All of which indicates, Coe's 
presence in the final or not, 
that Cram should win the first 

The toast 
is great 

Adrian Breton, a 23-year- 
old telephone engineer, was 
the pride of the 49-strong 
Guernsey team yesterday after 
winning the Channel Isle's 
first medal. Breton shot his 
way to silver in the individual 
rapid fire pistol competition at 

His two-day total of 588 
would have given him the gold 
medal at any other Games, 
but he had to play second best 
to Australian Pat Murray who 
shot a Games record 591 to 
add the individual gold to the 
team bronze he won in the 
rapid fire pairs. 

England's leading bad- 
minton players, Steve 
Baddeley and Nick Yates, in 
the men's singles, and defend- 
ing champion Helen Troke, in 
the women's, all reached the 
last eight, with the Queen 
there to see Southampton's 
Troke, the European cham- 
pion. hammer New Zealand's 
Kairin Lockey 1 1-4 1 1-1. 

The remarkable 1 00 per 
cent bowling success of New 
Zealand's Ian Dickison 
continued at Balgreen where 
Ray Hill of Wales, was his 
latest victim, 21-15. 

Debbie Fuller, of Canada, 
completed a diving double 
when she added the women's 
springboard gold medal to her 
highboard title. 

Reports, page 28 

Zola Bodd will run in an 
alternative Commonwealth 
Games at Gateshead on Taes- 
day. The 20-year-okl South 
African-born athlete, banned 
from the Games proper in 
Edinburgh, is in Britain's 
team for the Kodak Classic 
international against a 
Commonwealth select team. 

Miss Budd inns in the 2,000 
metres with the Olympic silver 
medallist Wendy Sly, who 
flopped in Smithy's Games 

3.000 metres final. 

Six _ newly-crowned 
Commonwealth champions 

leg of his championship dou- 

Only Peter Elliott and Tom 
McKean are likely to get 
anywhere near Cram. And 
Elliott must make his move 
sooner rather than later which 
would draw out McKean's 
resources, thus dampening his 
fast finish, which surprised 
Cram once last year. 

Ovett's opponents in the 

5.000 metres this afternoon 
should draw confidence from 
his attempt to secure the l .500 
metres place vacated by Coe. 
For. allied to Ovett's 'talk last 
week about a possible 1.500 
metres place in the European 
championship, it smacks of a 
man unsure of his 5,000 
metres capabilities. 

Ovett said yesterday: “I was 
disappointed that I was not 
selected. With respect to Rob 

have been confirmed for the 
match already. 

Daley Thompson inns a leg 
of the sprint relay and both 
Roger Black and Headier 
Oakes are also in the British 
team- The Canadians Ben 
Johnson and Mark McKoy 
and Gael Martin, of Australia, 
will compete for Che 

Several athletes involved in 
the Games boycott are doe to 
be in the Commonwealth 
squad including die Jamaican 
Bert Cameron, the world 400 
metres champion. 

Harrison, after everything that 
has happened in Edinburgh 
this week, I'm sure the crowd 
would have liked to see Cram 
versus Ovett, because it would 
be the first race that we'd had 
since the mile in the 1AC 
meeting three years ago. And 
that was a great race, which 
people still talk about". 

Certainly, Ovett did look 
good in winning over 1.500 
metres in Paris last week in 
3min 34.52sec, third fastest of 
the year and his fastest for 
three years. But Ovett 
dropped out of his previous 
race when underpressure, and 
with what is sure to be a hard 

5,000 metres today, the selec- 
tors made a wise derision. For 
Harrison is also one of the 
fastest 1,500 metres runners in 
the world this year, and with 
die Kenyans out, the likdi- 

More tears as new 
events feel boycott 

By John Goodbody 

The boycott of sports events Northern Ireland. Australia. 

in Britain, which has spoilt the 
13th Commonwealth Games 
in Edinburgh, is spreading. 
Zimbabwe, and almost cer- 
tainly Into, are withdrawing 
from the Commonwealth gym- 
nastics championships. It is 
also feared that next month's 
world rowing championships 
in Nottingham and October’s 
world hockey cup in London 
may be affected. 

Pam Scott administrator of 
the Scottish Amateur Gym- 
nastics Association, said yes- 
terday that Zimbabwe are 
staying away from the champ- 
ionships in Falkirk from Au- 
gust 8-10, while Into had not 

She said: “The head of the 
Zimbabwe delegation said his 
gymnasts were in tears after 
four years of preparation. 
They badly wanted to come to 

“In view of India's stance 
over the Games, we are assum- 
ing they will be pulling out as 
well although we have not 
heard from them yet" She 
agreed that the gymnastics 
association may be under the 
same pressure from the Indian 
government as their Com- 
monwealth Games organ- 
ization was in their decision to 
poll ont of Edinburgh. 

The three-day tournament 
has attracted nme countries: 
England, Scotland, Wales, 


New Zealand. Hong Kong, 
Canada and the Republic of 
Ireland as guests. 

Although it will be too late 
to save these championships 
from being spoilt, next 
month's Commonwealth con- 
ference could save future 
events from more serious 
disruption. Last Sunday's 
meeting of the Commonwealth 
Games Federation derided 
unanimously to ask Sir Sonny 
Ramphal the Commonwealth 
secretary-general to approach 
the heads of state in London to 
persuade them not to intervene 
politically in future games and 
by implication in other inter- 
national competitions. But Sir 
Sonny's office said vesterday 
that the secretary-general bad 
yet to hear from the 

With Britain refusing to 
impose complete economic 
sanctions on Sooth Africa, 
many Third World conn tries’ 
governments may maintain 
their stance at the Common- 
wealth Games for the world 
rowing championships, where 
their absence would be un- 
important in the medals table 
and also, more seriously, at the 
world hockey cup. 

Roger Dakin, an official of 
the world hockey cup, agreed 
yesterday that the organizing 
committee was sufficiently 
concerned to have discussed 
the possibility of a boycott. 
India and Pakistan, the Olym- 
pic and world champions, are 
two of die favourites for the 
12-nation competition, which 
begins at Wiliesden on Octo- 
ber 4. Dakin said: “We have 
not approached the Indian 
Hockey Federation. It is np to 
them. We would be dis- 
appointed if India did not 
come and surprised if Paki- 
stan do not participate." 

Mr Dakin pointed ont that 
any countries boycotting the 
tournament are likely to be 
banned from competition by 
the International Hockey 
Federation for four years and 
also that because of the 
popularity of the sport in the 
two countries it would be ill- 
advised politically. 

hood is still that Cram, John 
Gladwin and Hanison will 
win all three medals. 

There are only really four 
men in contention in the 5.000 
metres. Oven Tim Hutchings 
.and Jack Buckner for England, 
and John Walker of New 

Ovett is aware that Walker, 
a former 1,500 metres man 
like himself has had more 
experience of 5,000 metres, 
and that both Walker and 
Buckner have had fast 3,000 
metres victories in recent 
weeks. But, should Oven. feel 
the same sort of twinge that 
made him drop out of another 

3.000 metres race in Nice 
three weeks ago. he is likely to 
keep going this lime if victory 
is as close. 

Kirsiy Wade must be 
favourite to retain the 800 
metres tide that she won as 
Miss McDermott in Brisbane 
four years ago. And, on form 
only the title holder. Milt 
Oltey of Canada stands be- 
tween Geoff Parsons and a 
second gold medal for Scot- 
land. in the high jump. The 
200 metres should confirm the 
emergence of another sprint 
star from Canada, even if 20- 
year-old Atlee Mahor does not 
get the better of the 100 metres 
title holder and fastest man in 
the world this year, Ben 
Johnson, who is running one 
of his rare races at the longer 

A plea for 

A member of Auckland's 
organizing committee for the 
1990 Commonwealth Games 
yesterday criticized the ad- 
ministration of the current 
event and proposed that in 
future there should be a 
permanent official executive 
(John Goodbody writes). 

Malcolm Beattie said yes- 
terday he believed problems 
would always arise while the 
Games were not run by pro- 
fessionals, claiming things go 
awry when amateurs try to run 
a professional organisation. 
“In Edinburgh it is a shocking 
situation," he said. “You have 
professional staff, volunteers, 
councillors and a small 
marketing organization. All 
different parties are working 
against each other." 

Beattie has proposed that a 
body of five members organ- 
ize future Games, led by an 
executive director to “ensure 
continuity". It would also cost 
the Federation salaries and 
administration costs which 
currently they cannot afford. 

But the Commonwealth 
Games Federation are to con- 
sider Beanie's proposal which 
would mean that the perma- 
nent secretarial would org- 
anize the event at different 
host cities. A constitutional 
review body will assess the 
value of the suggestion. 

The International Olympic 
Committee, who unlike the 
CGF, have a permanent head- 
quarters, do not have a body 
responsible for the organ- 
ization of Games although 
they employ a staff of 23. The 
IOC are far more wealthy than 
the Federation because tele- 
vision fees are so bigb for the 
Olympics. Nevertheless they 
leave the organization of 
Olympics to the individual 

Edinburgh, apart from the 
boycott, has had particular 
difficulties. Although many of 
the facilities have remained 
from Lhe 1 970 Games they are 
still £2 million short in fund 
raising to cover their costs on 
this quadrennial event 

Both the Rugby Football 
Union and Middlesex will 
benefit next season from an 
extension of Save and 
Prosper's sponsorship of 
rugby. The unit trust life 
assurance and pensions group 
are to provide £50,000 to- 
wards the England v France 
match at Twickenham on 
February 21 next year and 
they have also formed a five 
year agreement worth 
£150.000 to sponsor the 
Middlesex seven-a-side 

It will be the first time in its 
60 year-old history that the 
sevens have been sponsored 
and it was described yesterday 
by Peter Yarranton, President 
of Middlesex, as one of the 
biggest agreements to be con- 

cluded with a constituent 

Save and Prosper came to a 
three-agreement worth 
£500,000 with the RFU last 
December which includes 
sponsorship of one inter- 
national each season, (next 
season it will be the Calcutta 
Cup match in January). They 
also backed the International 
Board's centenary congress- in 

Also yesterday National 
Girobank announced an 
extenlion of their support for 
the RFU's pilot league 
schemes. They formed a 
successful partnership with 
the north west last season and 
will now back the Eastern 
Counties league which, in its 
second season, will take in 
some 65 clubs in six divisions. 


Sonic Lady supreme 

Sonic Lady, the season's 
leading miler. gained her fifth 
pattern success of the year at 
Goodwood yesterday when 
Waller Swinbum brought 
Sheikh Mohammed's filly 
from last to first to win the 
£175,000 Sweuenhara Stud 

The 6-5 on favourite was 
continuing the outstanding 
form of her trainer, Michael 
Stouie. in this season's group 
races. Stoute also saddled the 
runner-up, Scottish ReeL 

Victory in the day's other 
group prize, the OCL Rich- 
mond Stakes, went to Rich 
Charlie, trained appropriately 
by Charlie Nelson and ridden 
by John Reid. 

Guy Harwood and Grevjtle 
Starkey won the Pimm's 
Goodwood Stakes for the 
second year running when 
Sarfraz defied top weight. El 
Conquistador completed a 
one-two for the Putborough 
stable. i 

Raring, page 29 

Driving force: David Thomas, of Surrey, hi action against 
Nottinghamshire in the NatWest Trophy quarter-final at 
the OvaL (Photograph: Michael Floyd) Report, page 30 


Sevens will benefit 
from sponsorship 

By David Hands, Rngby Correspondent 

Rest of 

Ian Botham will be itek « 
action for an England XI 
today just 24 hours beforethe 
first-class cnckeL The that 
the match at JesmomL New- 
castle upon Tyne is a 
sponsored affair against a nest 
of the World side means 
Botham is breaking no rules. 

Indeed it could be a step 
towards Botham’s return to 
the England Test scene since 
he was suspended after his 
drug-taking confession in 
May-Today and tomorrow he 

will take on some of the 
world's finest players before a 
seU-oul crowd of 4,000. The 
two 55 overs-a-side matches 
are being staged by the local 
Cairere-Fegasus Travel Ser- 
vice which has put together a 
formidable Rest of the World 

Botham will find himself 
bowling at Gordon Greenidge, 
Desmond Haynes and Richie 
Rich ar dson. When he walks to 
the crease he can expect no 
favours from Malcolm Mar- 
shall, Michael Holding and 
Dennis Lillee. 

It should be just the 
preparation Botham needs for 
his return to county 
championship cricket against 
Worcestershire at Weston-Su- 
per-Mare on Saturday. 

This is foe sixth year that 
CaUers-Pegasus have staged a 
festival of cricket at Newcastle 
upon Tyne. *“1116 North-East 
sees very little first class 
cricket and we do this simply 
because we love foe game" 
said Roy Caller, a director. 

“ We started in 1980 by 
sponsoring a match between 
the Minor Counties and the 
West Indies and we filled foe 
ground for two days, foe first 
time that had happened for 18 
years. " . • 

ENQUUlD Xfc K J Baiwtt 
shife), CL Smith (HanpsHn 
AtfMy (Gtoucestersl-ilre), A J Lamb 
(Northamptonshire)/ I T Botham 
xnerset). K W R Botcher (Essex). 
- R Pringle (Essex), R M 
(Kent). J O Thomas (Gian 
*t*t w Taylor (Derbyshire), 

Lever (Essex). 

Greenidge (West Indies). S M 
Gevntarpndia). D L Haynes (West 
Indies). R B Richardson (West 
Indies), A R Border (Austria). R A 
Harper (West (fries). fRWMareh 
(Australia). M D Marshall (West 
bxfies). D K LBtae (Australia). M A 
Holding (West Indies). T IV Aider- 
man (Australia). 

Mr Big is 

Ray Illingworth yesterday 
confirmed he had turned 
down foe job as England team 
manager. The former England 
captain, now aged 54, was 
offered the post on Monday 
and was due to meet Test ana 
County Cricket Board officials 
yesterday when the appoint- 
ment would . have been 

But Illingworth was not 
prepared to accept the job on 
the terras offered. He wanted 
complete control while the 
TCCB insisted he would work 
under a tour manager abroad 
and under foe chairman of 
selectors at home. 

Illingworth said: “ft was the 
sort of job I always wanted, 
more challenging than any- 
thing J had done before.“But I 
said 'no' because their idea of 
a Mr Big is not foe same as 
mine. I would have needed 
more authority and control 
over cricket and discipline 
matters on foe tour of Austra- 
lia. “I certainly would not 
have wanted to be answerable 
to a tour manager every time 
something went wrong." 

The TCCB will be announc- 
ing the name of England's 
manager for foe forthcoming 
tour of Australia tomorrow. 

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pick Rees 

Gareth Rees, foe Canadian 
schoolboy whose mature skills 
did so much to help Wasps to 
foe final of last season's John 
Player Special Cup. has been 
included in Canada's squad 
for next year's World Cup. in 
which Canada wjJJ play Wales. 
Ireland and Tonga (David 
Hands writes). 

Rees, aged 19, spent the 
academic year at Harrow 
School last season and played 
for Wasps at stand-off half 
after Christmas as well as 
Middlesex, but although he 
could also qualify for England 
or Wales, he has opted for a 
career with Canada. Wasps 
will be coached next season by 
Rob Smith who takes oyer 
from Derek Arnold, while 
David Pegler will be captain. 




fitojpt tlftouql techn&l&qtj- 

Lester moves 

Carlisle Rugby League club 
have appointed Roy Lester, 
the former Fulham manager, 
as coach. Lester quit at Ful- 
ham in April, and lakes over 
from .Alan KeilelL who re- 
signed recently. 

Rees: chose Canada 

Pritchard fee 

Gillingham signed Howard 
Pritchard, the Welsh inter- 
national forward, aged 27, 
from Bristol City for a fee of 
£22.500 yesterday. 

Firm favourite 

Great Britain look set to 
gain a hatful of medals when 
lhe water skiing team defend 
their team and individual 
titles at the Prudential Euro- 
pean championships at Hazel- 
wood Sicetley Lakes, outside 
Lincoln, starting today. The 
British effort is led by Mike 
Hazelwood, the world record- 
holder. and Andy Mapple, foe 
world slalom champion. 

Thumbs down 

Frank Stapleton, the Rep- 
ublic of Ireland football inter- 
national, is holding out for 
better terms despite a 
£200.000 two-year contract 
offer from Manchester 
United. Stapleton is believed 
to be interested in moving to 

Johnston blow 

Maurice Johnston, the Scot- 
land football international 
has damaged ankle ligaments 
playing against Galway in 
Glasgow Celtic's Irish tour 
and may miss the start of foe 1 

LeMond fever 

After Greg LeMond became 
the first American to win the 
Tour de France on Sunday. ! 
enthusiasm for cycling is 
growing in the United States, 
and Bernard Hinault, the 
Frenchman who has won the 
Tour five times, will head a 
field expected to contain 15 
nations and more than 100 
riders when a professional 
race over 157 miles, finishing 
outside the United Nations 
building, comes to New York 
for the first time on September 

Middlesbrough cling to 
consortium lifeline 

By 8101010718880 

Two proud but ailing clubs receiver time to make arrant- 

received contrasting treat- 
ment in foe courts yesterday. 
Wolverhampton Wanderers 
were cleared by the Appeal 
Court to agree a multi-million 
pound deal to secure their 
future, while foe High Court 
wound up Middlesbrough to 
leave their hopes of survival 
resting largely in the hands ol 
a business consortium led by 
ICI and Scottish and New- 
castle Breweries. 

Members of the Middles- 
brough consortium are hoping 
to meet foe official receiver 
who was appointed after a 30- 
second hearing. The Inland 
Revenue claimed tax arrears 
of £115.156: the dub's total 
debts exceed £1 million. 

Bruce Rioch, the club man- 

ager. told his players to carry 
on training, while Mr Stuart 
Bell foe ^MP- for Middles- 
brough. expressed confidence 


On Monday Middlesbrough 
survived a petition by Mr 
Alfred Duffield. a former dub 
chairman, with whom 
satisfactory arrangements had 
been made to clear a debt of 
£500,000- The Inland Rev- 
enue immediately took over 
foe petition, however. 

Middlesbrough, founded in 
1876. have suffered a rapid 
dedine since being relegated 
from the first divirion at foe 
end of foe 2981-82 .season. 
Forc«i to sell their best young 
players, they were last season 
relegated to the third division 
for the first time in their 

Meanwhile, three appeal 

odrr - m^^ai^Wo^S 
harapHon Wanderers Football 
Club (1982) Ltd in the High 
Court a year alter being 

Asked by David Hemery 
what was his roost memorable . 
match, and for anilliistralkm 
of reaction to extreme stress, ' 
RAhbv Chariton cited not foe 

winning of *&* ' 

European Cup, hut Manches- 
ter United's semi-final m Mar 
drid preceding their victory at. 
Wembley in 1968. 

Level on aggregate at. 3-3 in 
the second leg with only 
moments to g®, gw*** 
throw-in for Manchester- 
Someone in the crowd leaned 
over the wall and picked up the 

-Stay calm" Chariton said 
to" himself, walking steadily 
towards the Spaniard^ and 
holding out his hand. If he ran 
or shorted, ^thought, 
spectator would throw the ball, 
away ami waste rateable sec- . 
oods.- He gave Chari ton the 
b a l k following t he t hrow. 
Foalkes scored the winner. 

Exceptional achievers in 
sport are not simply lucky* or 
born that way. The ideal of 
effortless excellence as still 
perceived in English public 
schools as late as the 1950s, 
and offended by Harold. 
Abrahams* professional coach 
Hr in the Twenties, is a. 
myth. As Valeriy Borzov told 
Hemery: “The requirements 
are first talent, second hard 
work, and third, control of the- 

Mental awareness is the 
key. Walk round-foe Games 
Village in Edinlmrjgh' and yon 
Can see almost at a glance 
those competitors who are 
allowing events to happen to 
than, and those who are self- 
determhring. • 

Hemery's just published 
study of achievers. The Pursuit 

of Sporting Excellence {Cdtoms 

£1255) is revealing most of aB 
in foe mental attitudes of 63 
performers in 22- sports from 
12 countries. 

. Awareae$s can take widely 
different fiorinri from- Daley 
Thompson's 1 lying on his be*' , 
fifr tench of the two day 
before a' decathlon thinking ' 
his way through each event, 
mentally rehemsing; the self- 
discipline if confronted by two 
iaiteres at his first high jump 
or pole vault (as happened in 
LA), to the immortal tactical 
advice of Barry John to Gar- 
eth Edwards when they were 
first selected for Wales: 
“Don't worry about things. 
-Yon throw It I’D catch ft.” 

•’ John was an instinctive 
genus like Ian Botham, who 
believes that no situation is 
without hope, and tint “half 
foe battle of stress is foe belief 
that yon are under stress”. 
They are Two ofrthe 20 per 
cent, as are Seb Coe and Steve 
Ovett, who .do not use mental 
rehearsal or imagery but rely j 
on spontaneous reaction 
rather than rehearsed options. 

Hemery's analysis includes 
the capacity . for “vis- 
□alization", a strong 
characteristic m Steve Gram's 
preparation, which was why 
Hemery was expecting Cram 
to win both races in Edinburgh 
againstCoe. ■ 

John Newcembe. prior to a 
championship, final wook) 
“visualize" foe sequence from 
foe dressing room onto the 
court and the first two or three 
games to acclimatize his re- 
actions in advance. Arnold 
Palmer and -Ladnda Green 
recount the same procedure. 

Discipline of 
the mind 

Definition of objective, control 
of expectation, is crnriaL 
Cram describes how in 1981 at 
Crystal Palace he was men* 
tally unprepared for the idea of 
passing Ovett in foe hone 
straight. Hemery, so** 
V ander stocfc, the American 
favourite, make a flying prac- 
tice start before the hardies to 
Mexico, frit his throat tighten 
with inner panic, so be walked 
barefoot throngh foe. dew- 
damp grass to recreate. > 
sensation of power and; a# 
con fi den ce from l»k trahuug, 
Chariots of Fire style bn foe 
beaches of Massachusetts. 

Greg Chappell teflshow bis 
centuries were compiled by a 
mental objective of tea nos at 
a time; Lynn Davies how to 
realised, half way through AM 
Olympic long jump final, fori 
ne could win simply by'adjatf 
“8 his reaction to po* 
weather better than his rintf 

Jddde Stewart's return If 
foe trade to come second i 
Monza, following the death B 

friend Joche) 

that the dub could he saved, told first thectejy was in foe 
"I have been in touch with foe , middle , of “de&ate* segotia- 
Leaguc." he said “They want ; rkm inyf#*m at’teBfc'fonr 
to keep football in Middles- separate desk, worth shout, 
brough and will give the £3,500JX)Q. ..