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at World Cup 

From Jobs Carlin, Mexico City 

The World Cup fiesta screamed out obscenities 
turned sour yesterday as a against Mrs Thatcher and the 
good-natured Mexican victory Queen, and shouted at us 
celebration gave way to vi- “English'" to “go to heU”. 
dous rioting. T^e trouble started oh 

Mexican fans and police Tuesday after a cheerful cele- 
clashed early yesterday morn- bralion of Mexico's 2-1 first 
ing in the centre of the round victory against Bel- 
Mexican capital, leaviig* near- gjum. Shortly after the game 
ly 200 people reported injured, .'ended, thousands of fiag-wav- 
and unconfirmed reports that ing, trumpet-blowing Mexican 
some may have died. fans started rallying around 

Two Scottish fans caught in ' the Monument of Indepen- 
the. melee claimed to have deuce, Mexico City's tradi- 
seen five people lying dead by liorial footballing victory 

and bis government — a 
repetition of the booing that 
drowned out the President's 
speech . at the World Cup 
inauguration on Saturday. 

Provoked, the police ar- ; 
rived in numbers. About 40 i 
police cars and vans circled I 
the monument, sirens wailing. ! 
Maybe 100 policemen ran into 
the crowds brandishing clubs. 
Most people ran, but others 
met the police charee with 

the roadside. A Mexican Red 
Cross worker said he believed 
two people had been killed. 
But neither report could be 
substantiated early yesterday. 

Police' were reported as 
saying 'that 45 people were 
taken to hospital. I saw 20 
people bleeding, concussed 
and badly bruised in the 
emergency ward of the Red 
Cross central hospital at three 
in the morning yesterday.-. . 

All were victims either of 
police clubbings or of a violent 
sector among the Mexican 
fans, who started hurling bot- 
tles both at the police and 
indiscriminately among a pan- 
icking crowd of several 

A nurse at the Red Cross 
hospital said an. Italian youth 
had been knifed in the stom- 
ach and was m serious 

Scotsman Mr Kenneth Rob- 
ertson said: .Tin going on the 
next plane home. Forget about 
the football It doesn't matter 
any more to me. What. hap- 
pened here was brutal abso- 
lutely brutal" claiming that he 
had seen five bodies, their 
faces covered in^ankets, by 
the roadside. 

As I spoke to MrRobensoq, 
a dozen youths behind us 

met the police charge with 
bottles. - 

Now enraged, the police did 
totem. not distinguish between pho- 

The sinking and; crucially, tographer and provocateur. A 
the .drinking, went on until photographer for the Ameri- 
after midnight Police; laugh- can newspaper Newsday was : 
ing along with everyone else, among those badly beaten, 
blocked off all traffic in the “I shouted I was press. I 
immediate area, effectively even showed them my press 
encouraging the party to credential but the police beat 
continue. me with their clubs about the 

At - about 1.30am scuffles head and back," the photogra- 
broke ouL According to wit- pher told -me, Gfting his shlri 
nesses, bottles were pelted at to show me the large welts- 
police vans, and sections of across the small of his back, 
the crowd jeered, wtustled and a small crowd of eyewit- 

shouted obscenities against 
President Miguel de la Madrid 

nesses who had been m the ; 

thick of the fighting agreed, . 

but said the police reaction ' . 

had been both disproportion- Shades of Shergan Shahras 
ate. and indiscriminate. » 

• MONTERREY: England's M OVAlinfoC 
soccer fens, preceded by a rrtTUUlIlW 
reputation for bad behaviour, ■■ • j 

reacted calmly to their team's 1151 VP TflllfPfl 
J-0 World Cup defeat by UIIAVU 

Portugal (Reuter reports). • P JL -■/ .,«■ ^ 
Despite seeing England TOll llfl PS 
beaten for the first time m!2 
matches, the -fens were gener- By Alan Hamilton 

ally well behaved after the -n.-™ 

at Epsom yesterday, 
the 11-2 *c- 

have arrived here. mEe g £££££2SlZ 


Shades of Shergan Shahrastani powers to victory in the Derby (Photograph: Chris Cole) 

Tomorrow Channon to order 

Next week the Prmce. 
of Wales, no stranger 
to architectural " 
controversy, presents 
The Hn?es/RIBA ; 
community enterprise 
awards. But What lies . 
behind his concern 
for Britain’s heritage? 

. By Edwaxd Townsend, Industrial Cprrespondeat 

The Government will an- At present, the important 
nounce today that it is to bodies for looking after corn- 

conduct- an important review petition policy are the Office 
of Britain’s, competition of Fair Trading and the Mo- 
policy. • nopolies and Mergers Com- 

This could lead to funda- mission. Bui the 
menial changes in restrictive Confederation of British In- 
practkes and meigera policy d us try has recently told the 
and may result - m new Government that industriai- 


ists are losing confidence in 

The wide-ranging study is their efficiency. 

The CBT'has expressed its 
disquiet over the impact of 
Oaunon, Jhe- -S^retary of mania" and has 

S£f Government to 

a^growi^ review the effectiveness of 

State for Trade and Industry, 
who has ■ faced a growing 
clamour for policy changes as 
a result of recent multi-million 
pound takeover battles. 

Mr Channon will tell MPs 

existing legislation. 

Mr Channon is understood 
to be particularly concerned 


By Alan Hamilton 

There were two challenges 
to the favourites at the 207th 
Derby at Epsom yesterday. 
One succeeded, the other 
failed dismally. - 

Shahrastani the 11-2 sec- 
ond favourite, ridden by Wal- 
ter Swiabmn, held on by half a 
length from the 2-1 favourite. 
Dancing Brave, ^ brings home 
.for his owner, the Aga.J$as$ 
the coveted gold trophy amT 
record prize money of 

Leading bookmakers esti- 
mated a total investment of 
£50 mfllioiL on yesterday's 
race, with huge srans going, on 
Dancing Brave. 

In an entirely separate con- 
test, the Princess of Wales, 

Derby report • 36 

attending her first Derby, and 
wearing a bine spotted white 
dress with matching hat, faced 
a bold challenge for public 
attention from Miss Joan 
Collins, the self-appointed 
Queen of Soap, and Dynastic 

Miss Collins, also dressed 
in white, timed her arrival on 
the coarse to coincide with that 
of the Queen, the Princess, 
and other members of the 

Districts ‘gagged 9 
over health chief 

By Richard Evans and Nicholas Timmins 

Mr Norman Fowler, Secre- 
tary of State for Social Ser- 
vices. yesterday insisted it was 
“business as usual" in the 
National Health Service de- 
spite the embarassing resigna- 
tion of Mr Victor Paige, 
chairman of theNHS manage- 
ment board, as health author- 
ity officials claimed attempts 
were bring made to stop them 
commenting oh his departure; 
) : A!J 22 districts ip' the West 
Midlands Regional Health 
Authority were sent a telex 
telling them it was "requested 
that no comments on this 
matter emanate from 
districts" over Mr Paige's 

The regional health author- 
ity confirmed it had received a 
telephone call from the De- 
partment of Health instruct- 
ing it not to comment and that 
it had passed on the message 
to districts. 

One district health author- 
ity official said yesterday: 
“This is the first time I know 
of such an attempt to gag us. It 
is outrageous". The message is 
understood to have come 
from Mr Mike Fairey, a 
member of the management 
board and former administra- 
tor in the North East Thames 
region. But the Department of 

Royal Family, thus diverting a I Health refused to discuss it or 

• The £4,000 prize in 
The Times Portfofio 
Gold competition was 
won outright yesterday 
by Mr Simon Smith, of 
Biackham, Sussex. 

• There is £4,000 to be 
won again today. . 
Portfofio list page 24; 
rules and how to. play, 
information service, 

Parole concern 

Crown Court judges have 
expressed concern at the early 
release on parole of prisoners 
serving short-term sentences, 
according to the annual report 
of the Parole Board. Page 5 

Rail confusion 

Only a third of rail users are 

that the investigation — to be about the length of time taken 
conducted by the DTI .with the over OFT investigations and 
help of outside consultants - the apparent paradox of refer- 
wfll coverall asjiecis of com- rals to the Monopolies Com- 
petition policy, including re- mission being, in effect, 
strictive practices and the way decisions- that takeovers are to 
mergers and monopolies are be blocked, 
investigated by "* the 

Government. - - - Merger mania, page 21 

Pretoria bans Soweto 
memorial rallies 

From [Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

• South ' Africa's Law . -and was adopted. 

Older Mi nistec-^fr Louis Le Meanwhile, South Africa’s 
■Grange!’- ‘last night ‘harmed tricaraeral Parliament was fec- 
until the end of the monthall frig its first big crisis last night 1 
gatherings commemorating as government attempts to 1 
the tenth anniversary, of the' force through Draconian secu- 
Soweto uprising or the adop- rity laws were opposed by the 
lion ih. -lv55 of the Freedom Previouslv-comobisant Indi- 

certam amount of attention in 
the cheaper enclosures. 

Accompanied by her present 
husband. Miss Collins ducked 
under the rails and strolled 
prominently down the course 
towards the paddock in ad- 
vance of the Royal Party to 
examine the runners and rid- 
ers. She received some raucous 
chewing and ribaldry from the 
crowd, while the British moo- 
. arch, her son, daughter-in-law, 
and assorted other relatives 
earned more solid applause. 

In the paddock. Miss Col- 
lins stood conspicuously in the 
centre, receiving from the true 

Continued on page 20, col 

say whether other regions had 
been given similar 

The gagging claim will add 
to Mr Norman Fowler's 
embarassraent over Mr 
Paige's sudden departure from 
the £70,000 a year post, with 
18 months of his contract still 
to run. 

He insisted that the resigna- 
tion would not effect general 
management in the health 
service and that Mr Len 
Peach, director of personnel 
on the board, who came to the 
department from the post of 
director of personnel for IBM. 
would be “a very good acting 
general manager". 

Questioned in the Com- 
mons on Mr Paige's departure 
he resisted opposition taunts 
aimed at persuading him to 
disclose the reasons for Mr 
Paige leaving, saying he had 
published in fill] the exchange 
of letters. 

But Mr Frank Dobson, 
Labour health spokesman, 
said Mr Fowler's comments 

Parliament ’ t 4 

raised more questions than 
they answered and. referring 
to Mr Paige, he asked “did he 
jump or was he pushed?”. 

Mr Fowler said that there 
had been no disagreement 
about resources. General 
management had already 
achieved cost improvement 
savings of £150 million. 

But he appeared to reject 
suggestions from MPs, includ- 
ing Mr Robert McCrindle, 
vice-chairman of the Conser- 
vative backbench health com- 
mittee. that the terras of 
reference for Mr Paige’s suc- 
cessor should be improved so 
that he had more support in 
standing up to vested interests 

Mr Philip Hunt, director of 
the National Association of 
Health Authorities, said Mr 
Paige's decision to go was 
disappointing. “But I do not 
think we should see this as the 
end of general management in 
the health service" 

Mr Trevor Clay, general 
secretary of the Royal College 
of Nursing, which has been 
cam pain ing to protect the role 
of nurses in the new manage- 
ment structure, said it did not 
want to see general manage- 
ment go. 

Mr Michael Meacher, 
Labour's chief social services 
spokesman, claimed that Mr 
Paige’s resignation “must her- 
ald the end of the road for the 
Tory - idea that the NHS 
should be managed like 

Leading article, page 13 

Sikh temple mob murders guard 

lion iii -1955 of the Freedom. 

’ Anti-apartheid groups have 
been pfenning rallies on and 
arbund June 16, when Ihe.the 
nsvblt by schoolchildren broke 
out They have urged blacks to 
observe a mass “stay-away? 
•from work oo that day, - 
Rallies have alsp . been 
planned for June 26, the date 

previoiisly-complaisanL Indi- 
an and Coloured houses. 

They made their move as 
Parliament was concluding its 
second reading of the Public 
Safety Amendment Bill, 
which would enable Mr Le 
Grange to assume emergency 
powers in any pari of the 

From Michael Hamlyn 

The marble paving of the 
Golden Temple of Amritsar 
was a|ain stained with blood 
last night as a mob of extrem- ' 
ists slabbed to death a temple 
guard during a witch-hunt for 
undercover policemen. 

The mob was led by Mrs 

country he deemed to be an I Bimla Khalsa, widow of In- 

happv with the punctuality of the Freedom Charter the 
irans. while otheis find Ihe ^ outlawed 

fares system confusing, ac- 
cording to The consumer mag- 
azine. Which? Pag* 5 

At the hub 

Chartered accountants are at 
the hub of the Giy Revolution 
and its new opportunities, 
says Derek Booth man. Presi- 
dent of the Institute of Char- 
tered Accountants in England 
and Wales, in an introduction 
to today's nine-page General 
Appointments section 

African National Congress, 

“unrest area . 

The Coloured and Indian 
opposition can only have a 
delaying effect. 

spector Beam Singh. Mrs 
Indira Gandhi's assassin. It 
followed a day -of angry pro- 
tests by the militant ‘Sikhs. 

marking the second anniver- 
sary of Operation Bluestar. the 
army assault on the terrorist 
fortress in the temple. 

The focus for their anger 
was the police raid on the 
temple at the end of ApriL 
when the extremists' grip on 
the holy shrme was prised 
loose under the orders of the 
Chief Minister of Punjab. Mr 
Surjit Singh Bamala. Police 
were withdrawn two days ago, 

but the extremists were not 
satisfied that plain clothes 

men had been left behind. 
They were also extremely 
hostile to the new force of 
temple guards which the man- 
agement committee had re- 
cruited in an effort to prevent 
a renewed takeover by the 

But the violent outburst at 
the end of the day brought the 
police back into the temple ; 
complex. They moved in to 
arrest 80 of the young 

Haryana hardliner, page 9 

Christie’s face damages claim equal to its assets 

. By Geraldine Nonnan the . appeal court's 
Sale Room Correspondent “unappealable” dedsioa that 
. ■> , - -i/ anction houses can be sued by 

. ^ ln» art are- vendors if they grre them bad 

Pot hers, face a claim for advice gg estimates and 

.damages roughly equivalenf to 
its total assets, about £33 mfl- 
ltoo, for giving bad advice to an 
art investment fund. 

The chum by Cristidfina 

Pages 26 to 34 1 SA, a Panama based group, 


The- judgement has en- 
shrined this principle in 
American law. Since auction 
results are extraordinarily 

disntisse? brStfS- W to predict, the sale rooms 

YMc&msC oLtfatm aMdd be deluged with claims 

Bathurst quoted too high on 
their eight Impressionist pic- 
tures in order to get them in for 
sale. Bat as a result alt hot one 
were left unsold and the resale 
value of the remainder was 
severely damaged by the pub- 
lic failure. 

Cristallina contacted 
Christie's in January 1981 
because they wanted to raise 
S10 million (£6.7m) from the 
sale of paintings. The group 
invests in paintings, drawings 
and sculpture. 

Mr Bathurst flew to Swit- 

an appeaL The caseis likely to The Tacts of the case, as 
be heard in the early autumn, summarized- In the Supreme 

• The CristaHma affair led to - Omit- judgement, proride a Mr Bathurst flew to Swit- 
the resignation. of Mr David- raiphe|und4he-scefies riew of zeriand where he was shown 
Bathurst, Christie's London "hew an anction bouse operates It possible pain ti ngs and 
. chairman,. tasty Car. ^ hi obtaining goods tor sale selected eight for sale, estimat- 

■ -Of even greater: importance presenting fern to the public, ®g that they should fetch 
fh^i the daim for damages, j$ Cristallina ^alleges that Mr between $8.5 million and 

chairman f iasty^U‘. 

-Of even greater importance 
than tite dawfrtt damages, is 

selected eight lor sale, estimat- 
ing, that they should : fetch 
between $8.5 million and 

$12i>'milliod at auction. To 
catch such a big sale, 
Christie's reduced their com- 
mission from the usual 10 per 
cent to four, and agreed to 
waive all commission if the 
pictures sold for less than 
$9^4 mQIiom. 

When the paintings were 
shipped from Switzerland to 
New York the first serious 
doubts over what they might 
fetch were expressed by Mr 
Christopher Burge, head of 
Christie’s Impressionist 

The New York judgement 
reports: “Many of the paint- 
ings, he believed, irrespective 
of their true value, would be 
<djfficiilt' to sell at auction 

since fe prettier picture will be 
easier to sell than a tough 
picture, even though the tough 
picture is important’. 

u For example. Barge con- 
sidered the Cezanne to be a 
tough picture* while Bathurst 
predicted possible proceeds as 
high as $3,200,000, a figure 
which Burge dismissed as 
'unobtainable'. Burge had 
even less faith in the Morisot 
and the Van Gogh “Rats", 
which he dismissed as being 
•pretty horrible’." 

His views were allegedly not 
communicated to the seller. 

When the time for the 
anction came, Christie's price 

Continued on page 20, col 8 





By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 

Hospitals should set up 
"crisis management teams" to 
handle medical emergencies 
such as tile outbreak of 
Legionnaires' Disease at Staf- 
ford General Hospital last | 
year in which 101 patients 
were infected and 28 died, the 
interim report of the commit- 
tee of inquiry into the out- 
break, published yesterday, 

Such a team, chaired by a 
senior physician who would 
be relieved of most other 
duties, would have enabled 
hospital facilities and person- 
nel to be put to best use. and 
would have allowed better co- 
ordination of the investigation 
of patients 

The outbreak of the disease, 
the worst to have occurred in 
Britain, “highlights the need 
for all district general hospi- 
tals to prepare a plan to deal 
with serious medical emergen- 
cies analogous to those which 
already exist for major 
accidents,” the report says. 

It was published as health 
authorities were told by the 
Department of Health to in- 
spect cooling towers and evap- 
orative ’ condensers 
immediately, examining 
valves, drainage systems and 
connections to check that 
faults similar to those found at 
Stafford are not present. 

The report found that water 
in one of the hospital's cooling 
lowers became heavily con- 
taminated with the 
Legionnaires' bacterium. It 
entered the hospital's air con- 
ditioning system, spraying 
contaminated aerosol into the 
maternity unit, operating the- 
atres and the hospital's large 
outpatient department. The 
report recommends that “ur- 
gent consideration should be 
given to replacing any wet 
cooling tower with an air- 
cooled system". 

The inquiry. led by Sir John 
Badenoch. said that a commit- 
tee of experts on the use of 
biocides to control Legionella 
should be set up with urgency. 
Mr Barney Hayhoe. Minister 
for Health, announced yester- 
day that Dr Arthur Wright, 
chairman of the Public Health 
Laboratory Service in New- 
castle is to be chairman of 
such a committee. 

First Report of the Committee of 
Inquiry into the Outbreak of 
Legionnaires' Disease in Staf- 
ford April 1985: Stationery Of- 
fice £7. 70. 

life’ key 
to Tory 

By Philip Webster, 
Chief Political 

The Prime Minister yester- 
day extolled die Govern- 
ment's achievements in im- 
proving family life and 
promised to go on building the 
“good society" by pursuing 
her policies of sound house- 
keeping and cutting income 

In an upbeat speech, much 
in tune with the anti-permis- 
siveness drive already 
launched by several senior 
ministers, Mrs Thatcher em- 
phasized the caring record of 
the Government, including the 
reduction of the burden of 
taxation, and pledged not to 
relax in meeting the chal- 
lenges of unemployment, edu- 
cation and taw and order: 

Mrs Thatcher made her 
expected contribution to the 
Cabinet's public spending de- 
bate by speaking strongly in 
favour of tax cats, but hinted 
at the likelihood of increased 
spending in some areas. 

She said that it was simplis- 
tic to talk of a simple choke 
between tax cuts and public 
spending. “People who put it 
that way assume that the 
national cake is always the 
same size, and that a bigger 
slice here means a samller 
slice there. But that is just not 
true as the national cake is 
getting bigger." 

However, Mrs Thatcher 
dearly chose her address to 
the Conservative women's con- 
ference in London to underline 
her desire to establish the 
Tories as the party of the 
family in the approach to the 
next general election. 

Referring to what the party 
had done to help more people 
buy their own homes, mid 
purchase home computers, 
videos, deep freezes, tele- 
phones and central heating, 
Mrs Thatcher scorned the 
commentators who she said 
might think it was crudely 
materialistic to describe the 
everyday things families want- 
ed in. the .way she. had. 

She said: “Our aim is to 
spread these good things, and 
others, more widely, by leaving 
people with enough of their 
own money to affonl them". 

Countering suggestions that 
the Government hal ran out of 
steam, Mrs Thatcher said: 
“Stone say the time has come 
to relax. But success does not 
come to those who just want a 
bit of peace and quiet." 
Conference reports, page 2 

Dollar 6 low enough 9 

The world’s leading central 
bankers believe that the dollar 
has fallen far enough and that 
exchange rates over the short 
term must be stabilized aL 
approximately present levels 
(Bailey Morris writes from 
Boston. Mass.). 

Hen- Karl Otto PohL presi- 
dent of the West German 

central bank, told a high-level 
conference of international 
bankers in Boston: “Interven- 
tion in exchange rates from 
time to time cannot be 

Central bankers from the 
United States, Britain, Japan 
and Belgium also emphasized 
the need for stability. 

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■ ' - r . ' .y 195/4 9 7^ 1 9 9 ‘ ' f - - - 



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Thatcher will fight for 
CAP reform to ward 

off ‘world trade war’ 


The Government is to take 
advantage of Britain’s forth- 
coRung presidency of the Eu- 
ropean Commission to 
campaign for a significant 
restructuring of the Common 
Agricultural Policy, which, it 
was claimed yesterday, could 
soon be the cause ofa renewed 
world trade war. 

The onslaught on the CAP 
was announced by Mr Nigel 
Lawson, Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, who said that the 
Government's priorities for 
Europe were to secure a 
genuine internal market, and 
to rid the EEC of the massive 
distortions caused by agricul- 
tural subsidies. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher is to 
assume the presidency in July 
for six months and has sig- 
nalled her aim to launch a 
Europe-wide job-creation 
campaign, based on freeing 
the labour market and pro- 
moting enterprise and self- 
employment by cutting red 
tape and bureaucracy. 

Mr Lawson, speaking at the 
monthly meeting of the Na- 

By Edward Townsend 
dona] Economic Develop- 

ment Council, said that the 
agricultural issue created 
problems for primary produc- 
ing countries and led to a real 
risk of an agricultural trade 
war, which could spill over to 
a world trade war. 

The stand over CAP re- 
ceived the support of the 
TUC, with Mr Bill Jordan, the 
president of the Amal- 


gamated Engineering Union, 
descrii ‘ 

thing the policy as “a sick 
and expensive joke in a world 
of starving people” 

A Treasury paper presented 
to the council said that one of 
the main problems lacing the 
commission was that its bud- 
get remained dominated by 
the CAP, which consumed 70 
per cent of finances. 

Agriculture was heavily 
subsidized in other important 
industrialized countries. In 
198S, $21 billion (£14 billion) 
was spent in the United States 
on agricultural subsidies. In 
Japan in 1984 the figure was 
SI 1.8 billion (£7.8 billion). 
Last year the commission 

budget contained $15 billion 
for agricultural subsidies and 
could be as high as $22 billion 
this year, the paper said. 

“In all these industrialized 
countries these subsidies are 
damaging the public finances 
and represent considerable 
misallocation of resources. 
They also damage agricultural 
production elsewhere through 
their impact on world mar- 
kets, such as causing exces- 
sively low world market prices 
and structural imbalances." 

The Treasury paper added 
that one particular conse- 
quence of the . 
don of agriculture in 
and US was the threat of a 
renewed trade war over US 
exports to Spain and Portugal 

“The Tokyo economic sum- 
mit emphasized the impor- 
tance of resisting and 
reversing protectionism and 
Strengthening the multilateral 
trading systems. There are 
not, as yet unfortunately, 
enough signs that the US is 
taking this commitment 

Tory women's conference 

Lawson says tax 
cut to 25% 

V u 


By ShesEa Cmm, PoSdcsI Staff 

Lawson, the Own- 


cell or of the Exchequer, reaf- 

firmed yesterday his intention 
to cat taxes to .25 per ceml 
which, he said, was within the 
Government’s sights if the 
economy was fiandled 

Mr Lawson, along with rite . 
Trane Minister and Mr Nor- 
man Tebbit, the party chair- 
man, is a strong advocate of 
tax . cuts and against -any 
relaxation of public spending 

resources -we hope will be *3 
available in the future to the 
best posable effect.” 

. This is the second speech in 
as many days in which he has 
openly campaigned fra- lower 
taxation and. against those in 
the Cabinet who are fighting 
for more spending. - 
. Delegates applauded him 
but he was not. . given a 

Rag attack case 
put before Baker 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

The law lecturer attacked by 
five students at North East 
London Polytechnic as part of 
a Tag week stunt had her case 
referred last night to Mr 
Kenneth -Baker, Secretary of 
State for Education and 

Miss Pamela Symes is in 
constant pain and unable to 
work two months after the 
attack last term. The four 
students - Brendan Crossey, 
Anthony Whittaker, Peter 
Sowerby and Colin Rox- 
burgh - were given formal rep- 
rimands by Mr Gerry Fowler, 
the polytechnic's rector, and 
the students' union was fined 
£ 200 . 

Last night Mr Robert 
Rhodes James, MP for Cam- 
bridge, in whose constituency 
Miss Symes lives, discussed 
the matter with Mr Baker, and 
sakL“It was not just a joke 
that got out of hand' but 
something much more malev- 
olent than that" 

Mr Rhodes James said that 
he thought the students should 
have been suspended by the 

Miss Symes, who uses her 
professional name but is mar- 
ried to Dr Hew Strachan, dean 
of Corpus Christi Cblkge. 
Cambridge, is receiving regu- 
lar physiotherapy treatment 
for a whiplash injury to her 
back. She is also suffering 

from a damaged nerve in her 

She has written to the police 
asking them to take criminal 
proceedings against her assail- 
ants. Miss Symes says that 
criminal assault should be 
acknowledged for what it is 
and that the injuries she 
suffered should not be offset 
by the fact that the incident 
took place in rag week. 

Det Inspector David Mor- 
gan. bead of CID at Barking 
police station, said he had not 
received the letter. 

• The Government an- 
nounced yesterday that it 
would give parents and gover- 
nors the right to appeal against 
an education authority’s deci- 
sion to reinstate an expelled 
pupil in the Education Bill 
going through Parliament. 
The measure would prevent 
lies such as the “graffiti” 
ur at Poundswick High 
School in Manchester, m 
which 18 teachers went sent 
home without pay for refusing 

Royal date 
for Mrs 

By a Staff Reporter 

Councillor Sammy Wilson, the new Lord 
Mayor of Belfast, with Miss Rhonda Paisley, 
eldest of the Rev Ian Paisley, who is 

to be his Lady Mayoress far his year m office. 
She will accompany him at dric and ceremoni- 
al occasions. 

Mr Wilson, aged 33, a former economics 
teacher, who Is separated from his wife, 
Michelle, is the youngest Lord Mayor in die 

city’s history and the first to come from the 
ranks of dm Democratic Unionist Party, of 
which Mbs Paisky, aged : 26, a Mow 
councillor, is also a member. Both hare been ra 
the fore front of protests against the Anglo 
Irish agreement and hare said they will not 
attend any fraction organized by people who 
the a g reement drag then- year in 


to teach five pupils reinstated 

by Manchester City CoundL 
Schools are unprepared 
and underfunded for the new 
GCSE examination to be in- 
troduced in September, ac- 
cording to a survey by the 
National Confederation of 
Parent Teacher Associations 
sent to Mr Baker. 

Teacher appraisal, page 5 

Sport Aid raises £5m 

More than £5 million has so 
far been raised in Britain by 
the Race Against Time on 
May 25, the Sport Aid organi- 
zation announced yesterday. 

A spokesman said that 
about £800,000 had been 
promised by credit card hold- 
ers and the rest had been pveo 
or collected by the one million 
people who took part. 

The spokesman said that 
dozens of sports events were 
being planned this summer to 
raise money for famine relief 
in Africa, including a volley- 
ball marathon, fishing con- 
tests and a sponsored 

parachute jump, 

Hundreds of schools would 
hold special sports days under 
the slogan, “School Aid." 

Mrs Nancy Reagan 
attend the wedding of Prince 
Andrew to Miss Sarah Fergu- 
son on July 23, as a “friend of 
the Royal Family”, but Presi- 
dent Reagan has not been 
invited because he is a head of 
State, Buckingham Palace said 

A spokesman confirmed re- 
ports from the White House 
that Mrs Reagan had received 
a formal invitation as well as a 
handwritten note from the 
Prince asking her to attend. 

Mrs Reagan's press secre- 
tary said the issue of terror- 
ism, which has kept many 
American tourists away from 
Britain this summer, had not 
deterred her, but it had not 
been derided how long she 
would stay in London. 

Buckingham Palace said in- 
vitations were going out to 
1.800 guests, including mem- 
bers of foreign royal families, 
EEC and Naio ambassadors 
and leading members of the 
Government. The guests will 
attend the ceremony at West- 
minster Abbey and then go to 
a wedding lunch at Bucking- 
ham Palace. 

Fire at News International 
plant ‘deliberately lighted’ 

Speaking at the Conserva- 
tive women’s conference in 
Westminster, London, he said 
the Government was “not 
afraid of radical reform”. His 
tax policies had two objec- 
tives: reduction, and reform. 

“Our record is good but not 
good enough,” he raid. “We 
have brought the basic rate 
down , from 33 per cent to 29 
per cent, the lowest since the 
war. The lowest so' far, that 

He said the real value of the 
married man’s allowance was 
the highest since the war. He 
added that the Exchequer now 
took £8 billion less in income 
tax than under the last Labour 

“But there is still more to 
da We are only half way to a 
basic rate of 25 per cent Tod 
many people come into tax at 
too low a levri.of income.” 

He added: “If the fax bur- 
den is to be further reduced 
the first need is to keep firm 
control over public expendi- 

standing ovation. 

Mr Lawson devoted most of 
bis speech Yesterday to the 
proposed reform of personal 
taxation, which was warmly 
welcomed. He hoped the new 
system of transferable allow- 
ances would be brought in 
during the next Parliament 
. He said his aims were to: 

• give married women the 
same privacy and indepen- 
dence in fax matters as their 

• not .to discriminate against 
marriage, and; 

• to cut the taxes of low 
income families. 

ture^as we have done- 

second is to use the 

Mr Lawson says: “Our 
record is not good enough,” 

Cheap loans 

Staffordshire County Coun- 
cil has negotiated loans of £13 
million . with the European 
Investment Bank at below the 
customary rate of interest for 
local aulhorities.saving 
£65,000 a year for 20 years. 

Tj— iwh ii 

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Republic 4Cp: tuiy l 2.700: Luxem- 
bourg Lf 4&- Madeira Eac 170: Maiu 
36c: Morocco Or 10.00: Norway Kr 
9.00: Pakistan Rps 18: Portugal Ck 

jraws 3 . 00 : TinUUa Dta 8 & 00 ; USA 

Yugoslavia Din SCO. 

Police and fire officers in- 
vestigating the £7 million 
Maze at a News International 
newsprint plant in south-east 
London are now certain that it 
was started deliberately. 

Det Insp Brian Morris, sec- 
ond in command of the 
inquiry, confirmed yesterday 
that the fire was bring treated 
as arson. However, there had 
been no breakthrough so far. 

A source close to the inves- 
tigation said that several pet- 
rol can caps and pouring 
devices and the remnants of 
rags and matches had been 
found on the floor of the 
warehouse, where 9,240 
tonnes of newsprint were de- 
stroyed on Monday night. 

The source raid: “The evi- 
dence is fairly dear. These are 
not the kind of items one 
would expect to find lying 
around a paper store.” 

Trade unions embroiled in 
the bitter 18- week dispute 
with News International have 
angrily rejected suggestions 
that their members were in- 
volved. The company has 
offered a £50,000 reward for 
information leading to the 
arrest and conviction of the 
suspected arsonists. 

A confidential preliminary 
fire brigade report on the fire, 
which also destroyed the 100 
square-metre warehouse, a 
lorry and trailers, has been 
sent to detectives. A London 
Fire Brigade spokesman said: 
“We have a good idea how the 
fire started.” 

Police have taken state- 
ments from two women living 

By Gavin Bril 

near the Deptford storage 
depot who said they saw men 
throwing objects into the 
warehouse immediately be- 
fore it erupted in flames. 

The huge rolls of tightly 
packed newsprint were still 
smouldering two days after 
the fire was brought under 
control fire officers ex- 
pected they would be damping 
it down until next week. 

Mr Stuart Renton, company 
secretary of the News Interna- 
tional subsidiary which runs 
the depot, said its customers 
were receiving scheduled de- 
liveries from other ware- 
houses at the site. About 500 
tonnes went to the News 
International plant at 
Whipping, east London, yester- 
day. About 75 per cent of the 
destroyed newsprint was des- 
tined tor other national and 
provincial newspaper groups 
throughout Britain. 

The attack coincided with a 
ballot of more than 4,000 
members of the print union, 
Sogat ’82, on a settlement offer 
that indudes a £50 million 
redundancy package. The re- 
sult is due to be announced on 
Friday, the deadline set by 
News International for accep- 
tance of the offer. 

The national council of the 
NGA, the other main print 
union involved, was meeting 
yesterday to discuss its re- 

• The Prime Minister yester- 
day condemned violence on 
the Wapping picket lines and 
the “humbug" of political 
opponents who condoned the 

tactics which erased it (Philip 
Webster writes). 

Addressing the Conserva- 
tive women’s conference in 
London, Mrs Thatcher said: 
“We deplore the humbug of 
some of our political oppo- 
nents who, though they con- 
demn violence, condone the 
tactics, the demonstrations, 
the picket lines which inevita- 
bly lead to violence, as they 
have done in Wapping”. 

• A Bristol University stu- 
dent who attended the 
Wapping dispute to .write a 
report for his student newspa- 
per admitted in Tham es court 
yesterday that: he had hit a 
police horse and its rider with 
a slick. , . • . 

William Anderson, aged 20, 
ofSt John's Lane, Bednupstec, 
Bristol, who also admitted 
using threatening behaviour, 
was fined a total of £40 and 
bound over in the sum of £50 
for a year. 

Michael Wood, aged 21, an 
accounts clerk, of Hobart 
Gardens, Thornton Heath, 
south London, denied a 
charge of kicking a police 
horse, also on May 11, and 
was bailed until June 1 1. 

• A verdict of accidental 
death was recorded at St 
Pancras coroner’s court yes- 
terday on Sarah Johnston, 
aged three, daughter of a 
dismissed News International 
print worker, who was attend- 
ing a meeting of The Tones 
clerical chapel at Congress 
House, the TUC headquar- 
ters; on March 14 when she 
fell 13ft to her death through 

Chernobyl Mothers to 
reaction receive 

criticized family cash 

The reaction of opponents of 
the Government to the 
Chernobyl disaster had bora 
the “height of irrespon- 
sibility ”, Mr Peter Walker, 
Secretary of State for Energy, 
said yesterday. 


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Postmen start to 
clear 10m items 

By Robin Young 

All 6,000 postal workers on given the option of up tp 1 Vi 

strike or suspended during the 
postal dispute over new work- 
ing practices returned to work 
yesterday and started to sort 
and deliver the 10 million 
items of delayed mall. 

It is expected to take at least 
10 days to dear the backlog in 
the worst affected areas 
around Leeds. Post boxes 
sealed during the dispute were 
being reopened yesterday. 
Normal deliveries were ex- 
pected to resume throughout 
the Leeds region this morning. 

The core of the peace settle- 
mem, achieved after 19 hours 
of negotiations at the Post 
Office headquarters in Lon- 
don, concerned the Union of 
Communication Workers’ de- 
mand for an extra 30 miming 
day in tea breaks in return 
for an agreement on a new 
productivity scheme intended 
to save the Post Office 
£60 million a year. 

More than half the efficien- 
cy savings were to go to postal 
workers in the form of a cash 
bonus, which at Leeds, where 
the scheme was introduced on 
a pilot basis, would amount to 
about £20 a week. 

Under the new agreement 
postal workers joining the 
productivity scheme will be 

ours a week extra rest peri- 
ods, but at no extra cost to the 
Post Office because the cost of 
the additional free time will be 
deducted from the cash bonus. 

If workers decide to fake the 
full 1% hoars extra rest period, 
their cash bonus would be 
reduced to £13 a week, the 
saving estimated to have been 
achieved by the substition of 
contractual for voluntary 

saved on 

By Rodney Cowton 
Defence Correspondent 
A committee of backbench 

overtime arrangements, 
jst Office 1 

The Post Office had hoped 
to introduce the new working 
practices in a further 11 
sorting centres within the next 
few weeks, but accepts that 
local negotiations about bo- 
nuses will be necessary. 

Each union branch will now 
deride how much time and 
how much cash it wishes to 
take from, the ravings avail- 
able ax their centre. 

Mr Bill Cockbum, the Post 
Office's managing director of 
letters, said be was delighted 
with the deal and expected 
that many workers would vote 
to take the bonus in cash. 

The Post Office hopes that 
when the scheme is folly 
implemented at 80 main 
sorting offices it will achieve 
ravings in operating costs of. 
about 15 percent 

members of Parliament yes- 
terday derided that informa- 
tion about excess profits from 
two former employees of a 
defence con tractor, had 
helped the Ministry of De- 
fence save more than 

- A re p ort by the Public 
Accounts Committee of the 
House of Commons also notes 
that the Treasury and the 
Ministry of Defence have said 
that they will give consider- 
ation to people who help to 
identify excess profits and 
may pay them compensation. 

This is likely to lead to MPs 
pressing for Government 
compensation to two. former 
employees of Aish and Com- 
pany, of Poole, Dorset. 

The Ministry had recovered 
about £421,000 of excess prof- 
its made by Aish. 

The two former employees 

He criticized the nuclear 
policies of the opposition par- 
ties, Naming that titty were 
dictated partly by electoral 
opportunism and : partly by 
constituency pressures. 

In a debate in: which all 

speakers praised the nuclear 
industry, a motion was passed 
unanhaously calling on the 
Government to counter “the 
vast quantity of mis-infor- 
matioa" about die industry pot 
out by the media. 

Mr Walker said that when 
tiie report on plans to bofld a 
second nuclear power, station 
at SizeweU, Suffolk, w ere pub- 
lished,, the Government would 
have to convince rite public 
that derisions were taken with 
great responsibility and a deep 
desire to see there .was total 

■ Earlier, Mr Nicholas Rid- 
ley, Secretary of State for the 
Environment, raid that he had, 
“no intention of going bade on 
my predecessors’ amunitinent 
to foe protection of Green Belt 
from large-scale 


Mr Norman Fowler, Secre- 
tary of State for Social Ser- 
vices, is to back down under 
pressure to pay the new family 
credit direct to mothers rather 
than througi the pay packet. 

He is to announce later this 
simmer exactly how family 
credit, which will give extra 
help to 20(1000 pear families, 
will be paid. The change, 
disclosed yesterday at the 
Conservative women’s confer- 
ence , was warmly welcomed 
' by representatives. - - 
.Mr Fowler said.-“We are 
looking again carefully at the 
precise mechanism of pay- 
menL But about the objective 
there is no debate: Family 
credit will give direct help to 
an extra 200,000 working 
families in this country.” 

He added that there was no 
question of the Government 
turning hs baric on child 
benefit being paid, as now, to 
the mother. 

During the conference de- 
bate on health, speakers wd- 
comed Mr Fowler’s refrain of 
the social security system, but 
there was some concern about 
plans to give less help on 
mortgages to the unemployed. 

Mr Fowler strongly de- 
fended the reforms contained 
the Social Security BtU, 




Mr Fowler, who 
direct payment. 


ty Bill, 

which is going through Parlia- 
ment, and the Government’s 
attitude towards the welfare 

"This party's commitment 
is dear,” he said. “It is for the 
provision of first-class ser- 
vices in a first-class country. 
That is our objectives, for this 
generation and for out 

He attacked Labour’s free- 
dom and fairness campaign, 
statingit was a Labour govern- 
ment which stoked op infla- 
tion to 27 per cent; twice took 
the pensioners’ Christmas bo- 
nus; and cut baric on hospital 

• Mr Fowler promised to 
crack down on social security 
“scroungers", including those 
m the hippie peace convoy. 

Seamen’s union leader 
too old for re-election 

are Mr James Smith, ofPoole, 

and Mr D. W. Whittaker, 
Broadstone, near Poole: 

• Twenty-third Report of the 
Committee of Public Accounts. 
1985-86: Production costs of 
defence equipment (House of 
Commons paper No 56, Sta- 
tionery Office: £5.-60).’ 

Inquest jury visits police station 

The jury at the inquest on 
Mark Hogg, an escaped pris- 
oner. yesterday retraced his 
movements in the week before 
his death. 

26. who escaped with Hogg, 
has alleged that he .died from 
beatings by police and prison 

The inquest at Exeter, Dev- 
on, was adjourned for the 
morning so that the seven 
women and three men could 
be taken, on a coach trip to 
Exeter prison and Yeovil po- 
lice station. 

Mr Philip Rutherford, aged 

officers at the two 
Hogg, aged 

Hogg, aged 33, of 
Rotiienufae, east London, 
died of kidney failure in the 
Royal Devon and Exeter Hos- 
pital, Wonford, eight days 
after escaping from a prison 
van near llmlnster, Somerset 
and being recaptured. 

Hogg threatened to kill Mr 

Peter Burnham, a prison offi- 
cer, during the escape attempt 
foe inquest was told yesterday. 

Mr Burnham, who was in 
charge of foe three-man es- 
cort- was hit over foe head 
with handcuffs and lay fan* 
down in the aisle in a pool of 
blood, foe jury was told. He 
recalled Hogg, saying: “Knife 

The inquest was adjourned 
until today. . 

By a Staff Reporter 

A senior left-wing official In 
the National Union of Sea- 
men may lose Ills job because 
he is too old. 

Under new union laws re- 
quiring the election of officials 
every _ five years. Mr Jim 
Slater, aged 62, the union's 
general secretary, is too old to 
stand for re-election. 

The union’s biennial con- 
ference in Liverpool derided 
by 41 votes to 23, against the 
advice of its national execu- 
tive. to keep its leaders' voting 
rights. A vote the other way 
would have got round the 
need to stand for re-election. 

Under the rules no one over 
60 can stand for election. 

• When. Mr Slater was elected 
as the union's general secre- 
tary in 1962, it was “a job for 
life”, and he would have 
stayed in office until foe 
retirement age of 65. 

The union's executive is to 
meet in Liverpool on Saturday 
to arrange a ballot for a general 
secretary and deputy general 

A union official said later 
that it might decide to call a 
special rules revision confer- 
ence to amend the age rule. If 
this happened Mr Slater could 
stand for re-dection. 

* . 

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The Ball wfl] he held in the nations presence of 
The Queen and 

His Royal Highness The Bake of E din burgh 

Champagne on arrival All-night food stalls. Breakfast 

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Dtty Han and the PB ccma Xcrs. Julian*'! ft, 

. . foatiiwout revue Ptm&k and juHv 

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A mu]b-millionairess who 
daims she was branded a 
“high-class tarTby a wealthy 

■ gossip columnist, is string him 
•' for libel damages in the High 

Court. .. - 

■ Mrs Rosemarie Marae-Ri- 
: y««. .aged 71; who was bom 

ffl Switzerland and has been 
married five rimes, Haim« an 
article--- by Takx 
Theodoracopulos in The Spec- 
tator in August 1982, . made 
her out to be “a coarse and ill- 
. m a nn ered woman of loose 
sexual morals”. . . ^ 

Mr Richard Hartley, QC, 
her counsel, told Mr Justice 
Otion arid a jury, of six men 
and six Women yesterday that 
the article was a “cruel and 
malicious attack”. 

It was a “spiteful” attack on 
a woman who had known 
“great happiness and -also 
experienced great sadness” in 

Mrs Manrie-Riyiere seeks 
damag es arid aggravated dam- 
ages from.. ■ Mr 

Theodoracopulos. . the pub- 
lishers of, The Spectator and 
Mr Alexander Chancellor, hs 
former etfrtor. .They are con- 
testing .the. dahn,- pleading 
justification and that foe art£ 
cle was true. 

As Mr Hartley described to 
the- court how Mrs Marcks 

Riviere, who lives at Saint. 
Moritz, and has homes in 
Argentina and - Greece, had 
met and married her husbands . 
she burst into tears, and- was 
comforted by her fifth .hus- 
band, Jean Pierre, whom she 
married in 1973. 

across from- the island 'of 
Spetsai.and it was while Irving 
there that the alleged libels 
were written. 

There was a malicious arti- 
cle by Mr Theodoracopulos in 
September 1979. after* party 
she had given for 200 guests, 
“maybe because he ted not 
been invited”. 

• Then in September 1982 she 
received a “nasty threatening 
letter” from Mr 
Theodoracopulos, containing 
a copy of the article com- 
plained o£ TfceJetter referred 
to her husband as a 
“catamite”, which according 
to the dictionary definition, 
meant a boy kept -for mmatn- 
ral purposes, fin* purposes of 
sexual 7 perversion or -homo- 
sexual purpose s . - 
. “One wonders if if was the 
product of a rick mind orjnst 
every evil mind,” Mr Hartley 

“Yon-may fed it is one of 

Mr Hteodoracopales and Mrs Manse-Riviere 

the most vitriolic and loath- 
some articles you have ever 
read,” he told the jury. 

The writer referred to him- 
sdfas Odysseus being taken in 
by a “genafiic Circe", a witch 

in Greek myibology. It re- 
-ferredto her as aft-ex-barkcep- 
er. which foe-never was, and 
one husband, Ernest 
Kanzler, obliged her by dying 
and leavfogher his consider- 
able fortune ., 

It referred to Mis Marde- 
Riviere as the “merry widow” 
with a pun on her name of 
** M asseusc-M ere i e re” . It 
dubbed therparty foe gave as 
“the Pansy Ball” for “rich, 
white, homosexual trash”, and 
said her friends had “always 
been the type for whom no 
humiliation is too shammg 
no insult too wounding to 
endure in . order to be with 
what they often mistakenly 
consider, to be their 
superiors.” : 

It said that her houses were 
always fiDed.tri the brim with 
climbers and parasites. Mr 
Theodoracopulos had said 
that he hadTbeen invited to 
lunch at her 'house in Greece, 
but when he arrived in his 
yacht “her painted fece sagged 
like a collapsed cake” and he 
was told toga . 

He claimed it was a “cun- 
ning stunt” to insult him 

Mr’ Hartley said that there 
was no justification for any of 
the allegations, which were 
plainly defamatory, and Mrs. 
Marcie-Riviere was contesting 
Mr Theodoracopulos's 
counter claim for libel dam- 
ages over an interview she 
gave to Women's Wear Daily 
in October 1982, in which she 
claimed his article was all lies. 

She denies saying that ev- 
erything be writes is lies, and 
denies the interview was 

The hearing, which is ex- 
pected to last two weeks, 

MP angry 
at holiday 

By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 

“ A Conservative 
day " demanded a 
oil tour operators alKy. return- 
ing to Bri tain front a “night- 

Jttare holiday littered .with 
broken - . pledges ..;; and 
.promises”. " T 
. Mr -Jerry Hayes, '-MP for 
Harlow, went to Tenerife with 
his wife, Alison, who is five 
months pregnant, and France- 
sca, their daughter aged 20 
mouths, after being attracted 
by a family holiday offer from 
a London travel company.. 

“Nothing that .was prom- 
ised in the brochure occurred. 
It was a nightmare and I have 
sent the firm a very strong 
letter.” he. said. . 

“The whole basis on which 
the holiday was sold was that 
there would be a laddies 
representative to look after the 
children for two hours in the 
morning and a special baby 
patrol in the evening. 

Mr Hayes said he and his 
wife were “dumped” in their 
rerort at S aim., given * map 
and told to find their own way 
to their apartment When they 
found it there was a cot 
outride which would not go 
into the room because it was 
too Targe. The mattress was 
covered in old excrement he 

' A ' spokesman for FaToon 
Holidays, of ..Nottfog HiD 
Gate, west London, confirmed 
lari night that it would ' be 
.carrying out an urgent investi- 
gation into Mr Hayes's com-, 
plaints and would offer 
compensation if his criticisms 
were correct. . ... .■ 

Rider killed 
on TT circuit 

- Eugene McDonnell a mo- 
tor mechanic, aged 24, from 
Port Glen one, Co Londonder- 
ry, Northern Ireland, was 
killed instantly in yesterday^ 
junior 250cc TT race on the 
Isle of Man when be hit a. stray 
horse at 1 OOmph at Ballaugh : 
The horse was alio 

He was the third rider to die 
in the TT races this year: . . 
Race report, p^ge 36 


A jury was urged yesterday 
not to .find an alleged IRA 
bomb .plotter, PeterSherry, 
^guilty- by -association” Mr 
Stephen SpUey,..for Sherry, 
aged 30, said ai foe Central 
Criminal Court fruit such' a 
conviction would be a “terri- 


Mr Sherry; is -accused with 
four others, induding^Patrick 
Magee — ' who also faces the 
allegation that, he caused ihe 
bombing at the Grand Hotel 
Brighton — with conspiring to 
■cany out a bombing campaign 
in 16 London and seaside 
locations lari summer. 

the jury has been fold the 
■five were caught “redhanded” 
when .detectives raided a fiat 
in Glasgow last June. 

‘ Mr Sofley. making his dos- 
ing speech on the twentieth 
day of the trial said that if the 
police raid at Langride Road, 
Glasgow, bad occurred one 
boor and 40. minutes earlier, 
they would not have known of 
Sherry's existence. There was 

no evidence to link him with 
an arms and bomb cache 
found at James Gray Street 
nearby. - 

-. is toitte vague alle- 
gation that because be hap- 
pened to be there by- a 
complete fluke when the po- 
lice came, that in seme way he 
must have heen guilty of -this 
grave crime.” " ; 

He said that MrRoy Amlot, 
. for theprosecution. had spent 
only eight minutes of his 
doring speech dealing with 
Mr Sherry. “In the context of 
the gravity of the crime we say 
it is an outrage that Sherry’s 
case has been so glossed over 
by the prosecution.” 

Mr Solley also accused the 
prosecution -of “moving the 
goalposts” during the. trial and 
trying to widen the allegations 
against him after the introduc- 
tion of an allegedly “sinister” 
note written on cigarette pa- 
pers and found in his 

The trial continues today. 

Letter by 
killer r ead 
to court 

. A man sentenced fo fife 
Jmpririmiiiefk for murder had 
described himself as u animal 
who deserved to he caged, 
Leicester Crows Comt was 
told yesterday, • 

P»d Rostock, aged 19, a 
meat processor, - of Blakesjy 
Walk, Beanmont, Leys, 
Leicester, wrote, to his girl 
friend after his arrest “I think 
that 1 am an animal who 
should be prevented from ever 
being allowed to walk foe 
streets again. 

The court was' told that 
Restock - had ' an anbeafthy 
fascination for Mack magir, 
the occolt and weapons. . . 

He was ordered to be de- 
famed. at her Majesty’s plea- 
sure for murderingCarolbie 
Osborne, aged 33, a-pet beau- 
tician, in July l983 when he 
was 16, and sentenced to fife 
Imifo&foiiieht for mentoring 
Amanda Weedock aged 21, a 
muse, in April 19SS, • 

Boys kept 
a secret 

Two boys who saw Leighton 
Jenkins, aged eight, fan to his 
death in a sewage tank, kept 
foecatastropheseoet for near- 
ly two weeks... . . 

They were too frightened to 
tell anyone, the South Wales 
police said yesterday. The 
boys^ aged nine and seven, 
tried to. save lheir friend, but 
failed. . - 

Hundreds of volunteers and 
police with dogs and a helicop- 
ter combed an area of more 
than 40 square miles for 1 1 
days, searching for the boy, 
from Betws, near Bridgend, 
Mid Glamorgan. : 

His body was found last 
weekend while a water board 
workman was carrying out 
routine maintenance at a sew- 
age works, just 200 yards from 
the missing boy's home: 

The two boys, who are not 
befog named, were playing 
with Leighton on May 21 and 
gbt into the treatment works 
after ctimbfog through a fence. 

Macho London flops with Japanese 

-By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent ■ 

Britain is tostos fort to 
France in the battle to troo 
Japanese tourists, because of 
London’s “macho” image. 

The free-spending visiters 
from the Far East,' especially' 
yotmg Japanese women, are 
pat off by what they see as foe- 
excessive' masculinity of 
England's capital jprefenrfog 
to spend their time in Paris, 
which they view as foe rirftnral 
centre of Europe. 

Bnt tfae Gorermaent, al- 
ready concerned by the rimnp 
in Britafo's toorst trade 
caused by thoraands of Ameri- 
cans canrdlfog holidays, has 
decided to cranter that Image 

by himriitng a mi np ai g u m- 

Japan that nffl hare a sew. 
u softer” Lond<Mi as rts main 
selling point. 

Xeomen M 

r 1 1- •" r\\ ? ^ 1"' . > : rji 

Household Cavalry displays, 
London Bobbles — the foufi- 
tkmal fajrre oT posters . and 
htrinres aimed at Japan — 
wfS he snapped. . 

; Instead there, wffl be an 
emphasis on London's West 
End .'-theatres and -musicals - 
such- as Cats in order -to 
hghijjght London's cultural 
potential Fashion and stores 
jswfa as Hairods wifi also be 

To back up the markamg 
swxtdH a video will be pre^ 
pared irifo Shirley Base;, 
a “So^.for London” 
written by.lyndsey 
dePaifr. v 

Mr David .Trippiec, JVEms-. . 
ter for Tourism, has set the 
coupler offensive , fo ' motion 
after ^ retmning this week from '! 

Guard. , mi .righiAy ridt . to Japan 

where he discovered Britain 
was not firffiUing its potential 
for attracting tourists. ' 

Last year 3)6,000 Japanese 
Tinted Britain and ministers 
are hoping a 4 per font 
increase this year. Bat Mr 
Trippier said: “The potential 
could be greater if we use to 

concentrate a little more on 
youug Japanese women be- 
tween the. ages of 18 and 25 
who, with the rise in the yen, 
are better off and who are 
coming in increasing numbers 
to the UK. 

. ; “None the ksa these women 
are still. preferring to have a 
loiter stay In Pans than they 
'are in lfodoo. They think 
Paris is foe cidtarai centre of 
Europe' aid London is toe 


Informal look 
for royal couple 

Miss Sarah Ferguson, wearing a white dress 
with a picture of a prowling leopard on the 
hack, arrived at Heathrow Airport yesterday 
looking tanned and happy after her short 
Caribbean holiday. 

At the same time, the Post Office released 
12p and I7p stomps featHring an informal 
photograph of Miss Ferguson and Prince 
Andrew, to commemorate the royal wedding. 

The photograph, personally selected by the 
Prince and described as “impromptu”, was 
taken by a friend, Mr Gene Norcoo, aged 40, in 
a room at Windsor hi the spring. 

A Post Office spokesman said that the 
photograph, “one of Prince Andrew's own 
favourites”, had not been re-tonched. - 

Miss Ferguson, her hair loose, is displaying 
her ruby engagement ring. Prince Andrew is 
wearing a cream-coloured sweater and a grey- 
blue opeo-neck shirt 

His insignia as a Royal Navy lieutenant is 
featured on the 17p stamp, while the 12p 
version has two wedding bells. 

The stamps, designed by Mr Jeffery 
Matthews, will go on sale on July 22, foe day 
before the wedding at Westminster Abbey. 

Damages claim for birth after sterilization 

A mother who gave birth to 
a boy after befog sterilized 
claimed damage m foe High 
Court yesterday for the mental 
anguish and cost of bringing 

up the boy. 

Mrs Phyllis Gold, aged 39, 
and her husband had three 

daughters and had derided 
their family was complete 
after the birth of their child, 
Nichola, in August 1979. 

Her counsel Mr Charles 
Lewis, said foe went to the 
North Middlesex hospital , 
where sterilization was sug- 

gested and the day after 
Nichola was born Mrs Gold 
was brought a consent form to 
sign when sbe was still feeling 
“woosey” and. the operation 
was carried out. 

In 1981 foe family moved 
back to Ireland , -where they 

still live at Larkfield Avenue, 
Harolds Cross. Dublin. 

Mrs Gold claims damages 
from Haringey Health Au- 
thority, responsible for the 
bospital, who deny 
negligence.The hearing con- 
tinues today. 

6 Dr Death’ 
his plea 
to guilty 

A man charged with drug- 
ging and deceiving a number 
of elderly women yesterday 
changed his plea to guilty after 
several of his victims testified 
against him in the Central 
Criminal Court 

Sidney Noble, known as Dr 
Death, made the dramatic 
confession on the third day of 

Noble, aged 57, bespecta- 
cled and sleek-haired, showed 
no emotion as the judge 
warned him he was consider- 
ing passing a sentence of life 
imprisonment “for these 
grave offences". 

Judge PigoUhe Common 
Serjeant of London, remanded 
him in custody for medical 

He bad been told that Noble 
conned his way throughout 
southern England last summer 
while on the run from a 10- 
year prison sentence for simi- 
lar offences against old people. 

Mr David Cocks, QC, for 
the prosecution, told the court 
that Noble had a “unique 
imagination”, posing as a 
doctor and adopting other 
bizarre : guises 
Once in their home be 
mixed 'them a sedative cock- 
tail, which left them uncon- 
scious for hours, and stole 
their property. 

Noble at first denied admin- 
istering stupefying drugs to 
five women and one man, 
theft, forgery and attempting 
to obtain property by 

The offences took place in 
Weston-super-Mare, East- 
bourne, Southend, London 
and Woking 

Discharging the jury, the 
judge said: “This has come as 
something of a surprise to you. 
You may think there can be no 
more convincing evidence of 
guilt that in such formal 
surroundings as a court a 
person should change his 

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Oil firms told not to panic 










. . JL 



Government had no inten- 
sion, of uzrmog its back on toe 
Miieral management concept in 
the NHS, which was in the 
interests of the health service. 
Mr Norman Fowler. Secretary 
of State for Social Services, said 
when making a statement on the 
resignation of Mr Victor Paige 
from, the chairmanship of the 
NHS Management Board. 

. Mr Frank Dobson, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on health, 
said his departure left in tanm 
the policy of bringing private 
bosses into the NHS. and called 
for the appointment of someone 
from the thousands who had 
made the NHS their life's work 
and not another rank outsider 
ailh no staying power. 

Mr Fowler said he had ap- 
pointed Mr Len Peach, the 
board's director of personnel on 
secondment from IBM. as act- 
ing chairman of the board. I 
shall (he said) make a sub- 
stantive appointment as soon as 

The Government remains 

NHS will get better 
care as well as value 
as a result of it. 

better quality- of 
value for money 

Investment by oil companies 
now mdd bring returns over the 
next 10 or IS years so they 

I should mndto what was likely 
to happen to die pike of oil In 
that time and not indulge in 
panic reaction to short-term 
fl u c t uati ons in ofl prices. Mr 

Mr Archy Kirkwood (Roxburgh Malcolm Rjfldnd. Secretary of 
and Berwickshire, L) said that State for Scotland, said during 
i r r e spe cti ve of the principle of C fr mmmw questions, 
general management, there was Mr RMIdad said he took every 

widespread concern about the opportunity to impress this on 
way it was being implemented, toe eO companies. 

He asked whether there was „ wm _ . .. 

He was replying to Mr Alex opinion 

. i ne vjovermnem remains provisions, Oeas, Cleaning, and 
folly committed to better another after everything else, 
management of the NHS. I have and no one person being in 
every confidence that under the charge. That is the problem of 
leadership of toe Management the NHS. 

Board health authorities and Mr Fowler: He is right. That is ! 
their general managers will con- why general managers are bung 1 
tinue to ensure that more and introduced, not just at regional 
better care is provided for and district level, but at toe ■ 
patients and that the best value hospital, toe unit, level. That is 
for money is obtained. the philosophy. ■ 

Very substantial improve- Mr Frank Haynes (Asbfidd. 
men is had already been made in Lab) Why does be not come 
toe efficient management of the clean? Mr Fowler knows very 
NHS. well that Mr Paige was not 

Mr Paige (he wnt on) dis- prepared to be shoved around 
cussed his intention to resign by him and his department. He 
with me and we agreed that it talks about Mr Paige's rcsigna- 
would be nght for him to stand ,j on . We need Mr Fowler’s 
down. resignation. 

Mr Dobson: Wffihe now teU toe Mr Fowler: Having endured 
House Precisely why Mr Paige three months of toe committee 
gave up his £70000 a year job in on the Social Security Bill. I 
mid-contract. Did he jump or suppose I can talce a little more 
was he pushed? Was be pressing but his comments on toe NHS 

any intention to revise the terms hid 

of reference for the new incum- flSta hfa 

bent when he took up his post. T? ~ ~~ X T, r “T T . ^TiT 
Mr Fo-ier No. I do nm Ihmk 

accepted and is carrying out an 

important job. That continues, 1% m -wr *-*.*~* «-i 

with the exception of Mr Paige, j I I |V 1 1 

obviously, and will continue. wv 

Mr Paige comes from outside , 

industry and has enormous I 

experience- III U /f I 

Sir William dark (Croydon 
South, C) Management by 
committee cannot be very effec- 

five. Management by consensus HOSPITAL INQUIRY 
must mean inefficiency. It is ^ ___ _ 

: The first inquiry report, into lire 
.ha" S^S’sEbl^oSlSl? 

SSJ5. ZfJ’Z'Zt. 

provisions, beds, cleaning, and ..„ij l. m mv 

problem of toe ofl rig construe- 
don yards fn Scotland. Parties- 
larly, would Mr Kifkted do all 
be could to ensure an eves and 
fair distributom of work among 
the ratios yards c ompe ting in 
Scotland at this nmdoas time? 
Mr Janies Hamilton (Mother- 
well North, Lab) spoke of toe 
recent local election resalts and 
said these showed that the 
Scottish people did not want any 
part of the Gov e r nm ent's policy. 
Mr Rifltind should align himself 
with Cabinet members who 
wanted a change of policy. 

Mr Rifldnd said be doubted ff 
the STUC would want to discuss 
local election resalts ami local 
opinion polls. The G o v ernm ent 
had made an important 
contribution to job creation in 
Mr Hamilton's constituency. 

Mr Alex Eadle (MkOotirian, 
Lab) said that in some Scottish 

pits, coal production was going 
to stop. When did Mr Rifkkri's 
department authorize the South 
of Scotland Electricity Board to 
put the Scottish mining industry 

in peril? 

Mr Rifkind said the board acted 

under statntoty power and deter- 
mined what was appropriate in 
the consumers* Interest It did 
not need aathornatioa from the 
Scottish Office for decisions. 

Mr Donald Dewar, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on S cot lan d , 
«m that if Mr BHMnd - was 
concerned atom public spending 
levels, would be give a guarantee 
to toe STUC that toe Scottish 
Office budget would not be 
affected by the rather primitive 

and modi -advertised approach 
to boosing finance of .die Sec- 
retary of State for toe Environ- 
ment (Mr Nicholas Ridley.)? 

Moves to prevent outbreak 
of Legionnaires disease 

^ reduce the possibility of future 


around the turn of the year. 

The first inquiry report into toe Mr Freak Dobson, an Oppo- 
o inbreak or Legionnaires dis- sidoo spokesman on hennh . 
ease at Stafford General Hos- said toe report reve al ed many 
ptal “* April 1985 ha d misgivings and there were a lot 
concluded that toe outbreak, of uncertainties surrounding the 
could not be attributed to any Stafford outbreak and even 
single factor but referred to a more about the knowledge of 

charge. That is toe problem of ShSSSedmlSS’SSSiS development and spread of 
the NHS. which appeared to have ronuio- Legionnaires disease generally. 

for too many cuts or pressing for are no nearer toe mark than his 

too few cuts? 

Is it not true that three similar 
previous appointees have re- 
signed as district managers in 
the past three months, three out 
of 2 3 outsiders. Is it not true that 
the business genius he ap- 
pointed as head of the debate 
into the value for money into 

to the tune of 

ust gone ba 

comments on toe Social Se- 
curity Bill. 

Mr Dale CampbeD-Savom 
(Workington. Lab): The whole , 
affair indicates how you cannot 
impose the blunt instrument of 
toe commercial market on what 
is effectively a social service. 
Why does Mr Fowler not tell the 
House the truth and not tell us 
what happened and toe argu- 

Does be agree his policy is ment between Mr Paige and toe 
wrong or k n just he is a bad departmental ministers on the 
judge of people? WiH he make ron ning of toe service? We 

know whai happened. Tell us 

sure the new person actually know wh 
uses the NHS rather than relying thetnith. 

- S s®??* , Mr Fowler We have published 

Mr Fowler. Mr .Ptoge set rat toe a* exchange ofleners. 

- reasons m his letter and I do not Mr Roger Sfans (Chislehuna. O 
think it would be muc h point It { s inevitable that there will be 
my trying to interpret further difficulties in introducing busi- 
what he said. There is ' no n <»« manage ment methods inm 

-question of disagreement bathe ^ . enonnotis concern- -which - 
question of resources. We have covers profess i onal people, 
750 general ma n a ger s in post catering, laundry and rigminr, 
and two or three have left. I and an sorts of other activities. 

uttd to tt, Mr Bar«y Hayhoe, , t ^ not entirely dear 
Minister for Health, told toe whether the Government ac- 
Commans in a statement. 

He announced moves to try to 
reduce toe risk of a repetition of 
toe outbreak which was traced 
to toe hospital air conditioning . 
system and killed 28 people. 

He said the report stated that 
the tiirum stances included de- 
fects in design and construction 
of engineering services, lack, of 
knowledge of the sophisticated 
engineering plant and short- 
comings in maintenance. The 
report also pointed to toe inher- 
ent difficulty on present knowl- 
edge of eliminating the 
Legionella bacillus in water 
spray cooling towers used for air 

He was asking toe West Hayhoe: Source traced to 
Midlands Regional Health air conditioiirag 

Authority and the Mid Stafford- . . 

shire DHA to report within ce P t ®“ entirely ail toe recom- 
three months on follow up niendattons of the report, 
action they were taking on the L Would toe final report cover 

recommendation fora review of ** 3CU ° n ***" W ^ “aal 
the health authority’s micro- sovices depaitmCTt at toe lime 
biological services in Stafford. °f toe outbreak? Five days had 

Health authorities were being ^twerm toe department 

asked to check for feature! being informed that the disease 
similar to those found at Staf- ^ yecn “ ll5C “ toe hospital 
ford. The recommended code of waIer cooling towers and toe 
practice for hospital engineers department informing other 
should be available by about toe health authorities with identical 
end of ihe year. . systems. 

The committee of experts Mr Hayhoe said toe contents of 
called for- by the committee to the final report was a matter for 
consider all aspects of the use of Sir John Badenoch. who had . 
biocides to minimise build up of chaired toe inquiry, and his 
Legionella would be chaired by colleagues. 

Dr A.E. Wright. Director of toe Mr Archy Kirkwoo d (Roxburgh 

shows up a number of defects in 
<i»ogn installation, mainte- 
nance and chlorination. All 
those matters appear to have 
contributed to the outbreak of 
this disease, but toe inquiry was 
unable to point toe finger pre- 
cisely at any one specific mnrt 
Mr Jeremy Cor b y n (Is 
North, Lab): What steps 
taken to ensure that NHS 
employees are made aware of 
toe contents of toe report and 

Despite the somewhat comic 

opera loyalty of some Tory 

backbenchers (he said), these is 
a growing fear about the os- 1 
employment kid and that the 
Scottish economy has reached a 
point of no return. 

Could Mr RIfldod gbe a 
positive response to t he appeal 

ancf the STCJC^to^snppoit the ' 
initiative arguing the case for an 
economic summit where all sec- 
tions of Scottish life could 
discuss the need for a change of 
direction Co recover the 


Mr HHkSnd doubted if proposals 
far a snmxmrvroe fikely to prove 
a sensible my forward, though 
- be was always interested to hear 
constructive suggestions from 
the regional eoancfl or the 

riddle of 

process approved 

the Commons suing it would 

HYBRID BILL iSLSo!? ° f ^ 

- .... 1 . . ' Mr Robert Hughes, chief Oppo- 

Thc Government procedural si non spokesman on transport. 

motion to enable toe Channel 
Tunnel Bill to go forward with 
opponents having unto June 19 
to petition against .it if it 
received its second reading to- 
morrow (Thursday) was earned 
in the Commons early today 
{Wednesday) by 283 votes to 87 
— Government majority, l ^6. 

The Bill - is hybrid, - as 
construction of the unroeLisnot 
only .a matter of general public 
interest - but will also affect 
private debts. Because, of this, it 
has to- comply with, .a' special 
procedure set out in standing 

The 1 motion carried by the 
Commons enables these stand- 
ing ortfets to be set aside and Mr 
John BSflfen, Leader of the 
House, explained that the main 
problem prose over timing and 
dares by which certain proce- 
dures had to be observed. 

Some Kent -MPs expressed 
misgivings about the motion. 
One of the most outspoken was 
Mr Jonathan Aitken (South 
Thaset, Q, «&<> said that he 

said toe Government should 
have taken the advice of the 
Opposition, and bekf a public 
inquiry when the Channel Tun- 
nel project was first pro po s e d 
The problem, he- said, was 
that the Government suffered 
from a ! 30 symptom. Became 
of its- 130 majority in the 
Commons it did- not have to 
think through n$ policies or 
their, co n se qu ences. - It did not 
even ha veto take account of the 
procedures of die House. 

- Hie Gover nmen t, should 
think, 'again and provide a 
reasonable period of time for 
discussi on. If it did so there 
would be no need to suspend 
standing orders. 

MrDavfd Mftchtfl. Minister of 
Staie for. Tran spor t, said toe 
Government's h*mf^ng of toe 
matter . compared favourably 
with toe situation under normal 

It had allowed 21 weeks from 
die announcement to the time 
for closure of petitions, whereas 
aims, weeks toas usual. Looking 

Tuesdays sitting', of the House 
of Lords- continued until' 939 
am today whik -peers dismissed 
in detail the proposals in the 
Gas BilLItwas their fifth day of 
consideration .of tito Bill in 

. The Bill provides for the 

was not entirely dear NHS staff are given suf-l privatization of toe gas industry. 

ficient training to overcome any ; 
problem of changes whit* will 
be necess^y. as a result of ^SmOTt 
recommendations contained in riddle of 
toe report? . remain a 

Mr Hayhoe: The report is going w -s~. 
to all health authorities and no 
doubt in their own circum- 
stances they will be letting all 
those concerned know. There 

During toe course of toe 
.night, - Lord Belstead, the Gov- 
ernment spokesman, said toe 
riddle of the X-factor had to 
remain a mystery for the time 

would vote againa the motion. " at it dhpasobaidy, it was clear 
which - sought to short-change- that petitioners had hot been 
the people bT Kent and toxteny aisadvantaged. -. 
them, the fair play they . had “ The Govenunent did have 
■sought- since toe Government: sympatoy wxto too&fSedongto 
had launched this rash venture. . extend the . lime for peti tion s 

Such an obvious piece of be submitted, 
tifarp practice was' desgned to ■■ 
keep individual objections- 

down fo a mtnimum. To refuse - JrariiamentlOday 
further time would damage toe Commons (2JQ) Channd Tun- 
reputation of Parliament and nd ffill, second . reaffing. and 
anger the people of- Kent and -motion for- its comminal to 
other petitioners. select committee. 

In any case; what procedural ' Lards (3^ Gas BSB, toumtittee, 
time the Government gained on . sxto day. 

doubt in their own circum- ^th?SpoJt5fSd SS 
stances they will be lettug afl zaetiiodof 

those concerned know. There . detennining gas prices— the X- 
are recoromendatioM m toe fector - rrorcsented the ef- 

reportaboin the need for further flcicncy obtained by gas 
training and that wtii be earned suppiiS as part of toe 

mathematical formula for 
ffc- Gw T t ne v, h determining prices- 

(Guwe and Nanti wch. Lab)' The Government had -not so 
Wim is required is urgent action . ^ arrived at a figure, be said, 
in inflation to toe other hospitals mid it was unlikely such a figure 
with comparable systems and would be available before toe 

The Government had -not so 
far arrived .at a figure, he said, 
and it was unlikely sunt a figure 

finding. report stage of toe B3L 
Lab) Wherever there are air - He raid Ins amendment 
conditioning systems in other would provide the answer for 
public buddings this type of toe Government. The X-factor 

puouc buildings this type of 
outbreak could occur mii«« 
proper maintenance is carried 

Mr Hayhoe: There will be a 
second report which will be 
looking at what can be done to 
reduce any risk from the disease 
in other circumstances in hos- 
pitals and other buddings, 
whether in toe public or private 
sector, and elsewhere. Even toe 
possibility of this infection on 
ships has already been 
identified. L 

Mr Gareth Wardell {Gower, 
Lab) WDl he ensure that a 
careful look is taken at toe 
extent to which toe problem 

think that shows toe confidence 
in the general manager concept. 

Mr Paige endorsed the con- 
cept of general management 
himself. Substantial improve- 

Mr Fowfeir It is a complex 
management job. It employs 
about a million people. 

Mr David Wiunick (Walsall. 
North, Lab) People may not 

Puhfip i 'dvnr?iirittv^*!r — ^ 3 " T'iirhl' could arise becauseof^rodiicte 

PUbHc Heafth. laboraiorty Ser-^ _and_Benrackslure^ rE tafl he used m the manufacture “of 

vice Newcastle Laboratory and confirm that the DHSS mainte- systems, air cooling 

wouM start work soon. nance standards for these cool- xowmsand » cm that do- not 

The inquiry s conclusions mg towers were not kepi up to comply witotoe BSI standard, 
would rqnforce fc MM- the proper recommended pannirty ifthOK tmxSuSm 

menu in achievement have care either way about Mr Paige, 
alrrady been made — £150 but are aware of toe inefficiency 
million in cost improvements— which results in cuts, lengthy 
and the concept of identifying a waiting lists and closures. 

would start work soon. 

The inquiry’s conclusions 
would reinforce the commit- 
ment to air-cooled systems for 
new hospital building. 

The inquiry would now make 
recommendations on action to 

procedures? import 

Mr Hayhoe: On the mainte- Mr H 
nance of the air conditioning matter 
plant at Stafford, the report leagues 

Mr Fowfer Th ere is nothing in 

“? s re n£f e “ doct,o ° s 

return to toe old idea of bloated 

Perhaps in the new terms of 
reference for Mr Paige's succes- 
sor he should be given even 
more support if possible in 
standing up to toe vested in- 
terests in toe NHS who have no 
interest at all in seeing toe NHS 
run on a commercial oasis? 

Mr Fowler: There is a great deal 
of truth, particularly in wtiat be 
said at toe beginning. 

The general management con- 
cept is accepted in the health 
service and as toe Institue of 
Health Service Management has 
said in toe Iasi 24 hours general 
management is beginning to 
work very well indeed and the 

uic imgiuuau uaj wun more j • j 

resources. The attitude of the rOZMl ftCCluCIltS 
Conservative Party to the health , . .... 

service is shown by toe fact that ^ concept of no fault liability 
£18.750 million is being paid, a should ** introduced into the 
24 per cent real increase on toe Uw “ ** victims of road 
sum paid by toe last Labour t™* 0 acadents could get the 
GovemmenL compensation they deserved 

without having to prove neg- 
— jjgence, Mr GreriUe Janner 

Oil from rubbish 

An independent evaluation of seeking leave to introduce a Bill 
toe Manoil process for produc- for that purpose: 
ing oil from refuse is to be The existing system was an- 
carried out shortly by a firm of tique, ridiculous, unduly slow 
consulting engineers. Mr David and expensive, he added, and a 
Hunt, Under Secretary of State form of legal tottery. It denied 
for Energy, indicated in a Com- compensation to most and erv 

SSf!? Ombudsman to check 

lor victims of L n,. . ,• 

road accidents OD DUlluUlg S0C1C116S 

The first compulsory ombuds- 
man scheme m the private 
sector was being set up for 
building societies, Sir George 
Young, Undersecretary of State 
for toe Environment, aid when 
he moved a new clause to toe 
Building Societies Bill to estab- 
lish toe scheme. - 
He was speaking during toe 
report stage of toe Bill which 
allows the societies to widen the 
scope of their activities and 
establishes a building society 

the Government. The X-factor 
would be arrived az in consulta- 
tion with toe supplier, the Gas - 
Consumers’ Council and toe 
trade unions, in toe industry. 

2 am bothered about this 
efficiency factor (be said) be- 
cause I have a suspicion it is all 
being held up until after toe 
prospectuses have been issued 
and toe issue has been made. 
Can. I have a categorical assur- 
ance that toe X-factor Is not 
being postponed for jrurdy 
n, - | flotation reasons? **’ 

Lord Befetead'said be could tiot 
" U1 , ne ““ accept toe idea of quadruplicate 

Iook “ t 2 cen 84 * e discussions to decide the X- 
extetrt to which toe problem 

“ise bea^ crf.prqducts - -i^Wrifieto(h«akfyattoe 
useff in the manufacture of thought of the amount of beer 
drainage .systems, air cooliug and sandwiches that would be_ 
towers andsopn that dtenot consumed, before such parties, 
ooofofy with tte BSI standard, could reach agreement 
parti culariy if those products are The X-factor figure would be 

imported? set well ahead ofthe flotation. 

Mr Hayhoe That will be a since before toe sale of shares 
matter Sir John and fair cot- the whole regulatory arrange- 
leagues will wish to look at. -ments would have to be set up. 

Lord Brace of Domagton said 
that in view of that assurance he 
would withdraw . his 

The debate was adjourned 
after some 16 hours of debate 
covering more than 70 oTlhe 
remaining 201 ; _ amendments 
proposed to toe BID. 

The report stege will be 
continued . ‘ tomorrow 


[Geoffrey Smith 

The tortured efforts of Lib- 
erals and Soda) Democrats to 
work out an agreed defence 
policy will reach particularly 
delicate stage today. At a 
special meeting of their joint 
commission two of the Sodol 
Democratic, members, : Mr 
John - Cartwright and Mr * 

founded their reputations on 
their refhsal to lodge the basic 
issues. So they aralikelyto be 
gravely embarrassed ip the 
seanal fwiwfan if 

^^^nnot say whether they 
are for or against the principle 
of an I ndep e nde ii t notional 
detorent . 

Bat is it in the 

interest that the Affi- 
ance should dedare Its hand 
on the detorent before . die 
generaLdection? I believe dot 
it is for one special reason. 

If the Affiance remains in 
oppocftlofl in the next Piodta- 
ment. Without Mdfa^ the 
balance of power, British pob* 
Bcpoficy will not be affected 
one wkj or the other by Soda! 
Democratic and liberal atti- 
tudes to the deterreiat 
-if the Alliance' has an 
overall ^ majority in the. next 
House of Commons it wflj 
have time in office fop otuLer 
on a, rahemat foe Polaris. 
Bat nobody seriously supposes 
that that will happen. . .. 

. .ItJsJa.. seams posstoOhy, 

Jmnra“WelISeibvedr bWvet, that the ABiancewtil 

for a tettCT Of expIaartMB from fioH tire Ifalaitte of power and 

moos written reply. 

He said that toe clause gave 
effect to an undertaking to 
oblige societies to belong to such 
a scheme in relation to certain 

The Building Societies 
Association bad been pfenning 
such a scheme. The clause set 
out the criteria for toe scheme 
which would apply to savings 
accounts, whether share or de- 
posit; services relating to the 
handling of money and all 

them to ho pnbfeheJwftR the 
reportT ' _ “ ' 

That letter seems brand to 
be taken as a note of reserva- 
tion, virtually of dissent, from 
the proposal that the Affiance 
should delay a derision as to 
whether there should be a 
successor to - Polaris as 
Britain's independent national 

Mr Cartwright and Mr 
Wellbeloved are In effect tak- 
ing the same position as Dr 
David Owen did at the recent 
Social Democratic Council in 
Soatbport: that die Affiance 
mast take a stand on the issue 
before the general election and 
that it should commit itself to 
the principle of an indepen- 
dent deterrent. 

ITpurprinhlpcc oeiore roe general eiecQon 

rewerjODiess that it should commit Use] 

prediction the principle of an zndej 

Tn six months toe country would dent deterrent, 
begin to see lor«-tenn un- * — 

Refusal to fudge 

& aJSSS'-ii.'S is basic issue 

House of Lords. 

sured. that most of those who tod 

He said this assessment would get compensation had to wait a 
provide an up-to-date appraisal very long time for it One way of 
of the technical and economic financing the aims of the BUI 
prospects and of the major would be to add something to 
problems that remained to be motor insurance premiums, 
overcome. The Bill was read a first time. 

Peer’s fear for legal aid 

Tomess to be commissioned 


Mr Malcolm Rifkmd, Secretary 
of State for Scotland, rejected a 
call in the Commons at question 
tone for a bait to toe 
commissioning of the Toroess 
generating station. Die British 
nuclear industry had a superb 
safety record, he insisted. 

He was repl ying to Mr John 
Home Robertson (East i^ortitew. 

and safety and economic con- changed matters there is an 
sequences of the oonunissioiting overwhelming view in Srntl«™i 

of that power station could be 
property considered. 

Mr Rifkind: The Government is 
in no haste to do anything, la the 
past 30 years there has not been 
a single s ag fiffic a g t incident 
anywhere in the United King- 
dom to endanger the health or 
life of toe public. Mr Robertson 
advocted the construction of the 
Torness nuclear power station 
when be first sought to become 

Lab) who asked if now that an MP and it seems somewhat 
there was such massive excess odd that be is now tryftq; to 

generating capacity in Scotland 
be would halt the fuelling of the 
reactor at Torness at least until 
such time as the env ir o nm ental 

pretend that be has different 

Mr Gavin Strang (Edinburgh 
East, Lab) Chernobyl has 

that we should reduce- oar 
dependence on rivfl nuclear 
power. If this Govenunent is not 
prepared to do that, will it give 
an assurance that it wflj not 
prevent another government 
from doing so by reducing coal 
production capacity? 

Mr Rifkind: It will depend on a 
number of factors, including 
demand. If we ceased to ose civil 
Bodear power in Scotland tariffs 
for electricity for industry in 
S c ot lan d as wefl as for con- 
sumers would go op dramati- 
cally. It has been suggested that 
an increase of between 25 and 
30 per cent would be required. 


The legal aid system was in 
danger of becoming a second 
class service which was not fair 
to the citizen and the legal 
profession. Lord Benson (1ml) 
said in' the House of Lords. 

He was opening a debate on 
concern about toe provision for 
criminal legal aid and the need 
to consider ways of improving 
the machinery for negotiating 
levels of remuneration tn future. 
Lord Benson, who was chair- 
man of the royal commission on 
legal services in 1979, said 
remuneration under toe legal 
aid scheme was inadequate. 

He understood from The 
Times that toe Lord Chancellor 
was proposing certain reforms. 
These would be belpful but it 
required a much more dynamic 

attitude by everyone concerned 
in toe legal process if that 
process was to be brought up-to- 

The present system of nego- 
tiation had three defects. First, h 
was delegated to officials at too 
low a level; second, they did not 
have the power of decision and 
were puppets dancing to strings 
held by toe Treasury behind toe 
curtain; and third, they did not 
have the basic up-to-date ev- 
idence in front of them on which 
fair judgments could be made. 

These factors were a certain 
recipe for failure and so it had 
proved in practice. A review 
board would be eminentiy suit- 
able for the legal profession. 
Lord Rawfinson of Ewell (C) 
said he would support a review 
board with strong . lay 

Lord Halls ham of St Maryle- 
bone, the Lord Chancellor, said 

the pro; 

body w 

was attractive. He was not 

" That line has been cr iti cized 
tty many Soda! Democrats as 
well ay by liberals. How can 
the Alliance be hdd together, 
it is asked, .unless both parties 

taking acoooiitd^can^ 

unfriendly to the sqggestion-jburj turns of die other? . - 

he could not do it this lime 
round. He was stock vrith-direct 
negotiations this year. . 

If be could find a mechanism, - 
whether by advisory. committee 
or otherwise, that would help to 
establish commom- ground as 
the* basis for any decision the 
statute required him to take, to 
sweeten toe atmosphere, be , 
would greatly welcome it 

1 will certainly think (he said) 
along those lines. 

He did not believe toey were • 
in the presence. of impending 
doom to anything like the extent 
which some would indicate. 

A timetable for negotiation 
bad been accepted and he would 
come to a final decision in the 
discharge of his statutory duties 
on July 16. 

The debate was concluded. 

When there fe a fimdamefl- 
tal division as to whether there 
should be a national tietesrem . 
after foe lifetime of Polaris, 
bow ran any acooanniodbtfioB 
be found except by agreeing 
not to posh the issue antO the 
Affiance is in govenunent and 
forced to choose? 

Those are not trivial objec- 
tions. If the absolnte priority is 
to preserve -the Affiance in 

s cntics are right. Bat a 
political party wiD not com- 
mand public confidence if it 
always pots its own internal 

win t&es sees ttrnegpQJie whu 
one or other of the main 
parties- What wffi be deter* 
mined before die election are 
the Alliance sticking points in 
. such a negotiation. ... 

Pledges must be 
made to stick 

AH the pressures in snch 
. discussions wfli be to weaken 
not to strengthen commit- 
ments already made. Only the 
defence pledges that the Affi- 
ance made in die election 
would have any chance of 
becoming a condition for a 
deal after the election. 

' The Affiance seems to. be 
presented with a choice be- 
tween two posations-Thejoiat 
commission is expected to 
recommend that it should 
reject Trident and decide ban' 
whether any other successor to 
P olaris would be acceptable. 
Dr Owen and bis Supporters 
believe .that the Affiance 
should commit itself to the 
principle of an independent 
deterrent and decide later 
which successor to Pblaris 
would be best ... 

The wieakBess in his posi- 
tion is that. be now; rules out 
Trident more firmly than is 
consistent with his basic prin- 
ciple. That looks fikeatactical 
concession to . his critics: he 
-Jus not always- taken such an 
absolute tiro. 

When he spoke to the 1983 
liberal conference at Harro- 
gate he pointed to the dUemina 
that could face the next- 

had already been committed to 
the Trident programme for the 
time it took office. If be ever 
conies to negotiate with the 

coh^foH above the national Conservatives he may find 

interest.- - • . 

The Alliance leaders have 

that be has Ked hk hands a bit 
too tightly. 




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- -By Peter Evans, Home Affirirs Correspondent 

Concern about the opera? qualifying period for parole. Sino 
non of parole for prisoners How much tim e is spenfon has di 
servi n g shor ter sentences 'has- remand may often be an . qualify 
been expressed by crown court important determinant, there— ~ when . j 

* Toe annua] report of the 
Parole Board, issued- yester- 
day,. says the judges' were 
finding it hard to accept that, 
“a majority of offeiidfos- sen- 
tenced ta; between. 10 and 18 

months* imprisonment were 

being released alter six 
months, irrespective of the 
differential length in -the sen- 
tence imposed by the crown 

Representatives ofthejudi- 

fore, of the relative periods in - 
custody by inmates receiving 
mediunHenn. sentences. 

'Hie report cites the ’criti- 
cism that afthougfribe jaflnre 
rate, measured l recalls, has 
' been low, the consideration by 
local review committees of 
prisoners serving less than two 
. years is based on information 
that, is \ often - inadequate. 

' Since the Home Secretary 
has directed that cases win 
qualify for review only if, 
when .paroled, a minimum of 
one month on parole would be 
available, the reduction in the 
minimum qualifying period 
for parole had the effect of 
cutting the lowest eligible 
sentence for parole from about 
19ft months to about 10ft 
months. ' 

Lord Windlesbam. chair- 
man of the board, told a press 
conference that delays in pa- 

ciaryniid the Home Office are. bad prison behaviour. 

Moreover, there, is. a risk of role decisions were ra nged by 
parole being reganted as auto- t be Home Office preparing 
maoc other man m cases of and processing information 

discussing issues raised by the 

Nevertheless, about one in 

~ ... ■ - ■ a IV v Vi UlVlWJi QUVUV All 

?SLr,rt Ul ^‘ ,,e r four such applicationscohsjd- 
Cnmmal Justice Act 1982:of ered by local review commit- 
. prisoners serving less than two tees in 1 984 and 1 985 was not 
years, imprisonment . regarded as suitable for re- 

The much. shorter mini- -lease,the report says. • - 
mum qos^fytag .perioff and . ■ the controversy arises as a 
the. feet ihat a larger pitipor- ^suit 0 f an order under 

tibn of ^prisoners are befog ; section 33 of tbe Criminal 
feleased on parole has thrown Jostice Act. 1982 which re- 

into relief rules governing tbe 
counting of pre-trial custodial 
remand lime against sentence, 
the repoit says.;' ■ _ ;.'* 

~ Such time counts towards a 
subsequent custodial sen- 
tence. ' attracting remission, 
bat not towards the minimum 

- duped -the ininimunr qualify- 
ing period for .parole from 12 
months to six months from 
July I, 1984. The overriding 
requirement to serve one third 
of the sentence, if this is longer 
than SIX' months, remained 

on cases to come before them. 
_ . “We are getting a lot of 
-cases that are. coming to us 
considerably later than would 
otherwise be the- case.” 

The report says that during 
1985- a total of 803 prisoners 
-serving determinate sentences 
were recalled to prison during 
their, parole period and baa 
their licences revoked. That 
represents about S.6-per cent 
of those finally recommended 
fm* parole in 1985, compared 
with. 43- per cent ia 1984. 

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BR 6 has Court told 
not got of rules 
there’ says governing 
survey dog fights 

By Robin Young 
British Rail have not got 
there yet, according to a 
survey reported in the 
Consumers* Association mag- 
azine. Which? 

Only a third of 494 com- 
muters from a sample of 50 

Rules of the illegal sport of 
dogfighting were explained at 
the trial of five men at 
Redridge Magistrates' Court, 
east London, yesterday. 

Mr Kevin Degenhard, a 
chief inspector for the Royal 
Society for the Prevention of 

stations in London and the Cruelty u> Animals, said the 
South-east thought that the rules, known as the Armilage 

Success in the family 

punciualiiv of their trains was rules, were based closely on 
good. Two-fifths of them the mles of cockfighting, 
spontaneously complained Lines marked at diagonal 
about the irregular service and comers of the ring and a line 
delays. i n the middle were known as 

Almost a third of Inter-City “scratch marks”, he said, 
travellers found the feres sys- “The idea is to hold each 
tern confusing, and said they dog back behind the scratch 
would like to see improved marks. The first dog has to 
information about the types cross die comer scratch mark, 
and costs of tickets dien cross ibe mark in the 

Which? says that the system middle to gel to the other dog. 
is not frilly understood even pis shows its willingness to 
British Rail staff because of "Bhi and the other dog is 
) calls to its telephone teased. 
luiry bureaux, only half got “If die first dog does not 

all answer. One fifth of the come up to scratch, that is. it 

inquiry bureaux, only half got 
a full answer. One fifth of the 
callers were given wrong or 
incomplete information about 
the cost of their joumey. with 
widespread confusion about 
Saver tickets and their valid- 
ity. while in some cases inac- 
curate departure times and 
route information were given. 

One third of the calls to the 
bureaux took longer to be 
answered than British Rail's 
target time of 30 seconds, with 
two callers hhving to hold on 
for more than five minutes 
before their call was answered. 

Two fifths of commuters 
complained of lack of seats 
and cramped standing room 
on their morning trains. There 
were also grumbles about the 
state of commuter stations, 
and the lack of cleanliness on 
the trains. 

One third of more than 300 
Inter-City travellers ques- 
tioned thought that food and 
drink was not as widely avail- 
able on trains as necessary. 
Only one in eight thought that 
when it was available it was of 
very good quality, while iwo- 
thirds thought it expensive. 

British Rail said that it was 
encouraged by some of the 
Which? findings, which rated 
Inter-City service “quite good j 
overall” and the commuter 
service “adequate”, and add- 
ed that it was already taking 
action to improve standards 
in relation to many of the 

J9SS: (House of Commons Pa- 
per 428. Stationery Office; 

Fifteen members of Ivy Smith's family have 
helped the painter, print-maker and part-time 
lecturer at Norwich Art School to win the 
£8,000 John Player Portrait Award. 

They are tbe subjects of the 78 in by 99 in oil 
canvas, “Golden Wedding”, which also wins 
her a £2,000 commission fo painta welt-known 
shier for the National Portrait Gallery's 
contemporarv collection. 

■ Miss Smith, aged 40. from Ayfanerton, 

Norfolk, was erf seated at tbe Chelsea School of 
Art and the Royal Academy Schools. She won 
third prize in the 1981 awards and was 
specially commended in 1983 and 1985. 

The second prize of £1,000 was won by 
Arthur Neal, of Deal, Kent, for his portrait of 
Dan Backhouse, a friend mid former teacher. 
Terence Wilson Fletcher, of Hampstead, north 
London, won the £500 third prize for a portrait 
of a friend, Olivia (Photograph: Dod Miller). 

- By Locy Hodges, Education OHTespondent 

University and polytechnic ject or apsetting the audience, that i 
lecturers should have their 'Sotnesort of civilized, gentle- the si 
performances appraised in the manly, overt system ofestrio- rior. 2 

same way as teachers to. ensure ifege by consent will have to 
higher educationaT standards, hedged.” - 
Mr George .Walden, Minister ‘ Addressing a conference 'at 
responsible for higher educa- Teesside Polytechnic, ‘ Mr 
tion, said yesterday. - Waldensaidthal it was not the 

In the first speech by .a- Government's intention totie 
Minister on the appraisal of appraisal to pay levels. But be 
a cad e m ic teaching and-: re- said: “In the last resort, where 
search, Mr Walden said that it afl -r emedial , measures have 
- would involve classroom as- failed, the findings should 
sessment and possibfy ‘ap- inform dismissal procedures.” 
praisal by students of their His speech revealed govem- 
lecturers. ment determination to coatm- 

“There is no question but', tie the campaign for higher 
that appraisal of teactaeis must -standards and more rigorous 

focus on their capability as 
lecturers, their classroom per- 
formance. And this niust in- . 
voive classroom observation. 

“Sensitivity, arid perhaps 
some ingenuity, will be re- 
quired 1 to develop arrange- 
ments enabling the appraiser * 

procedures in education. Sir 
Peter Swmnerton-Dyer, chair- 
man of foe University Giants 
Committee, told the universi- 
ties last month that the Gov- 
ernment would riot stop 
“nagging” them. _ 

'Mr Walden.' said that the 
Government had no fixed 

types of appraisal would in- 
clude peer review (for scholar- 
ship), arid . possibly staff 
appraising their heads of de- 
partment and students ap- 
praising their lecturers. . 

Mr Walden said that the 
most important characteristic 
for effective appraisal was 
candour. “Giving praise is 
easy, arid proper; where it is 
due: But effective appraisal 
must also involve criticism, 
positively expressed.” Objec- 
tivity was important, as was 
familiarity with tbe subject’s 
: work. 

EEC plea Man faces eviction 
J" over farm clause 

A lecturer at Liverpool recently to the Lake District 
Polytechnic been ordered Special Planning Board about 

- By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

' Environmentalists yester- 
day celled for reforms to EEC 
ferrn prices to prevent further 
damage to the countryside. * 
The Council for the Protec- 
tion of Rural England said 
that countryside campaigners 
were tired of wailing for SC 
governments to -reduce farm 
prices and institute agricultur- 
al policy to protect tbe 

Mr Robin Grove-White, the 
council director, told the 12 

There was also a danger of EEC farm ministers in a letter 
fostering safe rather than that the most they ever semed 

to make mfonnedjfeigements ‘ . Government . had no fixed 
about classroom performance^ . view on how appraisal should 
without intimjdaimgftbe sub- . be carried out, but he expected 

London is Bov killc 

told of In gfiri j 
rabies risk stiranBr0 J^ 14 , 0ld 

Londoa must remain alert an inquest yesterday, how be 
to the threat of rabies and keep shot bis elder brother, Steven, 
a vigilant walch for mammals aged -16. dead with a shotgun 
brought into the city illegally, they both believed was empty, 
the chief veterinary officer for verdict- of accidental 

London said yesterday. * death was recorded. - 

At a seminar on rabies, Mr - • . 

Geoff Wiggins told animal Trie boys were playing 
health inspectors from 12 snooker with a friend at their 
London boroughs what mea- home; in' Yew Tree Lane, 

imaginative performance. “I 
wonder bow Einstein would 
have fared under a staff 
appraisal, system, AS is well 
known, he did not do too well 
tinder the school e xaminati on 
system used at the time.” 

Stuart Brown, aged 14, told loaded by pointing it at the 
an inquest yesterday, how he floor, and pulling the trigger, 
shot ms elder brother, Steven. “1 then pointed the other 

gun at things around tbe 
room. Then it went bang and 

Lonuon saio yesieraay. death was recorded. - 

At a seminar on rabies, Mr • . 

Geoff Wiggins told animal Trie boys were playing 
health inspectors from 12 snooker with a friend at their 
London boroughs what mea- home, in' Yew Tree Lane, 
sums to take if an outbreak Spratton, -Northamptonshire, 

were discovered. 

“Although we have not had 
a case of rabies in London 
during the last 10 years, it is 
very important to be prepared 
because it is a terrible disease 
that kills 15,000 people 
around the world every year,” 
be said. 

In an outbreak, strays 
would be destroyed if uncol- 
lected after three days and pel 

Kaeu aner aim pci previously picked up another 

ownHsvwnW.havc 10 muzzle IJSsSTcfetol U%s uu- 

their animals and keep them 
inside, he said. 

Last year 19,000 cases , of 
rabies were' reported in 
France. Health inspectors- are 
concerned that the proposed 
Channel tunnel wfil bring 
more visitors from Europe 
and so increase the risk of a ! 
rabies outbreak. 

The - disease has spread 

verdict- of accidental fefl 10 ^ floor ’" ** 

was recorded .. added 

„ .-v jl. The inquest at Northamp- 

9 flSLt ton was wW ft* 31 the younger 

‘ boy tiien dropped the gun and 
ran fromthe room. 

^ tey, Steven had 
.l ast . M arch, when Stuart out shooting pigeons 

with the friended F^ier, 
^ aged 17, using the two weap- 
objects ra ons, and they both believed 

Momentslater it went off in them to be empty after check- 
his brother’s face at close ing. them when they finished 

Mr Midiael CbDeutt. the 
coroner, said: “The facts Speak 
from Memorrhage and shock for themselves how dangsrous 
due to ihu injury to bis skuIL „ be, 

. Stuart srid that ho had should never be pointed at 
msly picked up another anyone. This is not the first 
tnd checked it was nn- time- this has happened” 

Dig finds oldest pyres 

, The earliest- known crema- 
tion ametery in Britain has 

ered together with fragments 
of human bone and. burial 

rabies outbreak. shire. The^ discovery was made 

The disease has spread by anrhaeolc^ists excavatinga 
across Europe, mainly by six-acrefreld in the agricultur- 
foxes. . al beh near the vtll^e - df 

Mr Wiggins said that, about ; Maxey, seven miles ' norths 

been found on tire outsorts of pottery dating bade 5,000 
Peierborough,' Cambridge- years. -, “ 

100 iHegaDy imported pets I -west of ibe city. 

were brought - into 
every year. . 

Britain F Funeral pyres preserved in 

water-borne day v^re uneov- ; display. 

• Tbe site has produced many 
artefecis including tbe oldest 
piece, of string .in Britain, 
curied up'in a piece of day and 
almost three feet long, made 
.from vegetable .fibres. It is to 
go to the British Museum for 


ByHugfr Davies 

What have ffiefBes'ln ami- 
ntoo with jellyfish, and why 
are they both important- to 
research in biomedicine? The 
answer is frielimuaescaiee, 
which provides the fire ra the 
firefly and the flash in the 
flash-light fish, 

Research ^on this phenome- 
nira has been -documented 
since 1667, when Boyle rflsoov- 
ered that IT he deprived Irani- 
nescent bacteria of oxygen by 
■ ngBg a.nicnun pump, the 
fight they emitted began fo 
fide. It tightened immediate^ 
ly the oxygen was returned* ; . 

Today, the chemial reac- 
tions Involved m MoJufobtes- 
cence are teng used .ih 

or pmd sfate, the qmlecnle . They were first produced by 

a photon Of light. ' : . 
it has been estimated that 
biofaHniwsceitce . may have 
arisen- iodepeudeutfy asmany 
as 30 times taring the corase 
nfevolatioo. J : 

• • One of the first hwfmnfoes- 

fieU of bMNsedidBe iras That a 

• It Wa^ discdmed tiitt its 2n?A me 
haai^crat - system is tng- antibodies, 
gered bycaknun, one of The 
mwer^l regnlatore: m ’ all as Acridinh 
frnng .things. As a. result, perfected al 
oeifBnru: the chemical combi- Medicine 
nation of tndferin tonUndfow \yaie*s Cardiff, 
ase mvolved in foe light X)r lan W 
reactioii, became soHgirt after the c®niiffl 

Dr Roger Tsien, an American 
post-doctoral student at Cam- 
bridge University, in tbe early 
1980$. On binding with calci- 
um, they dniwe their fluores- 
cent characteristics, which can 
he - .- measured . ' using 

: Imnmescent indicators are 
also being developed to aid the 
study of man's munune sys- 
tem.- A method of fehefliog 
antibodies, using synthesized 
Inminescent molecules known 
as Acridinnijn esters, is bring 
perfected at the College of 

to do was “the annual shoring- 
up of the crumbling pokey”. 

' " The council joined the 
World Wildlife Fund and the 
Institute for European Envi- 
ronmental Policy in threaten- 
ing to seek the dismantling of 
EEC farm- policy rather than , 
its reform. ■; : 

Mr Grove-White said that 
-EEC ministers had fitiledto set 
policies which fitted the needs 
of the countiyside. “The poli- 
cy may now be too inflexible 
to change,” he said. 

£1,344 prize 
for editors 

A prize of £1,344 awaits the 
editor of a provincial evening 
newspaper winning this year’s 
Samuel Storey . Editorial 
Award, sponsored by Ports- 
mouth and Sunderland News- 
papers, it was announced 

Entrants must submit a : 
cow of their newspaper pub- I 
lished in April or May 1986, 
containing an item which they 
have written. They must also 
submit copies of two leading 
articles which they wrote and 
which were published daring 
the' 12 months preceding May 
1986. • .. - - 

Dora Russell 
funeral date 

The funeral service for Mrs 
Dora Russell, who was aged 
92, the peace and women's 
rights campaigner — and sec- 
ond-wife of the philosopher, 
Bertrand Russell — will take 
places! Penmoimt Crematori- 
um, Truro, Cornwall, next 
Tuesday, at 3 pra. 

At her request, Mrs 
Russelfs ashes will be scat- 
tered in the garden at Cams 
VoeL near Porthcuino, where 
she had lived since the 1920s. 

Council buys 
Theme park’ 

Britannia Theme Park near 
Shipley, Derbyshire, has been 
bought by Derbyshire County 
Council in a £2.5 million 
_ agreement, and a commercial 
partner is to be sought to run 
it. ; 

The park was developed on 
land leased by the council in 
1981 to KLF (UK), a com pa-, 
ny based .in Bournemouth, 
which went into receivership 

Peer’s son is 

found dead 

. Christopher Addington, 
aged 45, the son of Lord 
Sidmoulh, was found dead in 

to move out of his Lake 
District home and put it up for 
sale under the terms of an 
agricultural workers' planning 
condition made neariy 40 
years ago. 

Mr Thomas Hartney, aged 
50, has owned the three- 
bedroom bungalow at Rosgill, 
near Shap, since 1981. It was 
built in 1949 for a retired 
farmer with a condition that it 
should be occupied only by a 
member of the fanning 

But when Mr Hartney 
bought it at auction for neariy 
£30,000 be was told the pfen- 
- ning condition was nothing to 
wony about because it was so 

However when be applied 

building extensions the condi- 
tion was discovered and yes- 
terday the board's 
development control commit- 
tee refused a request to have 
the condition removed and 
decided to take enforcement 

Mr Hartney ’s wife, Susan, 
said: “When we bought the 
house our conveyancers men- 
tioned the agricultural condi- 
tion and it was checked with a 
solicitor who told us it did not 

Mr Hartney said yesterday: 

“I am very angry and will fight 

this petty boreaucracy every * J 

way f can. They will have to 
cany me out of the house” 

He said they would appeal 
against the decision. 

In the same issue. Which? 
reports on air fares in Europe 
and says that it is difficult to 
avoid the conclusion that , 
consumers are being “horribly 

does not cross tbe scratch 
mark, this indicates submis- 
siveness and the other is 
automatically the winner.” 

Mr Degenhard said that 
carpet taken from tbe alleged 
scene of dog fights at 
Aldersbrook Primary School, 
Wanstead, east London, had 
jines of masking tape to 
indicate scratch marks. 

He said the length of a dog 
fight varied. “If a dog is not 
fully fit. then another, aggres- 
sive, fit dog makes short work 
of it very quickly.” 

He told the court that be 
had found a Staffordshire bull 
terrier, an English bull terrier 
and an American pit bull 
terrier in the garden of the 
school caretaker's premises. 
He had also found harnesses, 
weighing scales and a tread- 
mill used for exercising dogs. 

The caretaker, Alexander 
Funk. aged 29, of 
Leytonslone, east London, 
and four other men, have been 
charged with illegal 

Mrs Shirley Crouch, the 
school headmistress, told the 
court that she had found “tiny 
splashes of what could have 
been blood” on one wall of the 
school swimming pool. 

The case continues today. 

£5.5m bypass 

A £5.5 million bypass for 
Martiesbam. Suffolk, on the 
A 12, was announced by the 
Department of Transport yes- 
terday. Work on the 1.8 mile 
bypass begins next month. 

W hen you first handle a Patek Philippe, you 

become aware that this watch has the presence 
of an object of rare perfectioa 
We know the feeling well. We experience it every time 
a Patek Philippe leaves the hands of our craftsmen. 
You can call it pride. For us it lasts a moment,- for you, 
a lifetime. 

We made this watch for 
you - to be part of your 
life - simply because this 
is the way we’ve always 
made watches. 

And if we may draw a con- 
clusion from five genera- 
tions of experience, it will 
be this: choose once but 
choose well 
A Patek Philippe - 
because it’s for a lifetime. 

Medicine, University of his fiimed-fiDcd Volvo car at 

Sionesfield. Oxfordshire, yes- 

research on ransdemtf- nerve ;is' '■■% test for caldufo; for 
tissue and. in studying the research eu musde andnene 

body 7 & immune sy&em. ' tissue. When Jt comes- into 
Luminescence in ttefog or- contra* with caldnm in ferae 
sanirarais erased when lndf- caused 

erin, . a small - organic, Iff' ^ fomiuMcati- reranoa 

compound, comDtnes ; wim oxy- 
gen in the presence ofhxa&iv 

ase* a catalytic enzyme, Trf 
produce oxyludferia- Tbis Is 
formed in an “excited state”; 
in order to return fo hs stable 

0J- me PuDoCm. reatSOa m hu»wti t wwKrahi is are more 
can m detected* King sens*- . ^ensft ive than their r adioactiv e 

five Eght-detecitai eqhqmieat 
- Attptoria Eos bwbeenover- 
taken in raostTxboratories by 
the development of purpose- 
boat fluorescent indicators. 

Dr lan Weeks, a member of terday; six weeks after bis wife 
the Cardiff team, said: “Once Clio's death m ApnL He had 
these indicators become fttUy been missing from his borne in 
available, m hope they vrifi Oxford for two days. 

-reptece the use of radioactive 

JS%££!S££ ViS* 1 on fords 

mine-scent indkafms are more Hundreds of bird watchers 
sens i ti ve than ftwrr»Hin«friw are maintaining a vigil at 

c oun terp a r t s, according to Dr 
Weeks. Their emissions can 
-be controlled and concentrated 
to suit -'detection, without 

harming the subject. 

Clumber Park, near Worksop, 
Nottinghamshire, where fledg- 
lings have been hatched by a 
pair of rare, grey spotted 



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in anj m«>v 

overseas NEWS 

Amal overcomes Sunni 
militia but PLO 
battles on in Beirut 

The Shia Muslim Amal 
nnlma yesterday rested on the 
^ doubtful laurels of a victory 
bas created new wounds 
. jin Beirut and further alienated 
f • me comparatively wealthy but 
-•.! minority Sunni population in 
'T 'the west of the city. 

*1* The overrunning of the last 
Sunni militia outpost of the 
-o “Sixth of February 
;.!;Movement" was announced 
-''to a background of martial 
music on the radio station of 
•rtbe Amal movement, appar- 
-i-ent 'proof that the Shia can 
~ dominate at least one of therr 
-*’ Muslim rivals in the Lebanese 
cb capital. 

Desultory mortar fire 
■i- around the three Palestinian 
camps near the international 
airport was equal evidence of 
» AmaTs inability to conquer its 
r Palestinian enemies, as Mr 
r . Yassir Arafat's Palestinian 
Liberation Organization guer- 
rillas — fighting on amid the 
... smashed houses of Sabra, 
Chatillaand Bouij el-Barajneh 
1. - showed no signs of 
-,± capitulating. 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

Indeed, Mr Nabih Beni, the 
Amal leader, has expressed 

interest in talking to Mr Arafat 
about a ceasefire, a desire 
which has met with no ap- 
proval from AmaTs allies in 

In west Beirut yesterday, 
reports of looting in Sunni 
areas by Amal gunmen only 
added to mutual hostility 
between the two Muslim com- 
munities. Mr Berri again pro- 
claimed that any of his men 
found stealing would be sum- 
marily executed, a threat 
which has produced precious 
few results in the past. 

The whereabouts of the 
leadership of the Sixth of 
February Movement was un- 
clear yesterday. When Amal 
gunmen stormed into the 
party’s headquarters near Cor- 
niche Mazraa, they found no 
trace of Mr Chaker Berjawi, 
the leader of the militia. Nor 
did they discover any proof 
that the Sunnis had been 
acting in concert with the 
Palestinians in the camps. 

Mr Arafat’s own claims in 

Tunis that Amal have been 
massacring Palestinian civil- 
ians lacked some credibility in 
west Beirut, where reports of a 
children’s boms being Wasted 
to the ground by Amal, killing 
all those inside, proved to be 
untrue. Yet no one doubts 
that, as usual, there have been 
individual murders during the 
fighting. Most of the Palestin- 
ian civilians in any case 
long ago fled south or taken 
refuge m Druze or Sunni areas 
of west Beirut. 

The Muslim sector of the 
city returned to something 
approaching normal yester- 
day, with shops open and a 
few police Land-Rovers gin- 
gerly patrolling the streets. 

Amal seems to regard its 
latest victory as complete, 
disregarding the complaint of 
the Prime Minister, Mr Ra- 
shid Karami — who, under the 
Lebanese constitution, is him- 
self a Sunni — about the cost in 
civilian lives. At least 45 
people died in Tuesday’s 
street fighting. 

Kidnap plea by dying man 

From Our Own 

n - 

Down the crackling tele- 
phone line from Batavia in 
New York state, Mr Richard 
Anderson’s voice sounded 
tired and weak, a world away 
from west Beirut yet intimate- 
ly bound up in events here; a 
sick man praying be would see 
his kidnapped brother before 
be died of cancer. 

Terry Anderson, the Associ- 
ated Press bureau chid 1 in 
Lebanon, was kidnapped in 
Beirut 15 months ago, and in 
February this year his father, - 
Glenn — hoping to the last that 
he would see his son again 
before illness overcame bun — 
died of cancer. Then yesterday 
Mr Richard Anderson was 
told that he, too, had cancer 
and heart disease and bad not 
long to live. 

The Andersons seem to be a 
tough family and it showed in 
Mr Anderson's voice. “I don't 
want Terry to come home and 
find both his father and his 
brother dead,” he said down 
that muffled phone line. “I 
need to see Terry justoue more 
time before I go. I've made a 


Terry Anderson: seized in 
Beirut 15 months ago. 

vow that I won't die until I see 

All that th? family has seen 
of Terry Anderson since his 
kidnap by die Muslim Islamic 
Jihad movement has been a 
Polaroid odour snapshot and 
a long, emotional letter from 
him, talkrag of the bond of 
friendship Between him and 
three other captive Americans 
in Lebanon, a letter that talks 
of seeing his father and broth- 
er Richard again. 

In return for their four 
American captives, Islamic 
Jihad is. demanding the re-, 
lease of 17 prisoners convicted 
in Kuwait for bombing the 

American and French embas- 
sies there in 1983. 

Typically, Mr Richard An- 
derson, who is only 46, has just 
made a video-tape appeal from 
his hospital bed for his 
brother’s release, a short cas- 
sette which he has asked to 
have broadcast on Lebanese 
tele virion. 

“Fve been diagnosed to have 
cancer, the same as my 
father," he said. “And my 
father made a vow that he 
would hang °° and not die 
until be saw Terry. Unfortu- 
nately, foe cancer got my 
father faster than be thooght it 

“But now Fm hanging on 
andlVe got to see Terry before 
I go. On the video I’ve made. 
I've asked the people holding 
him to said him home to me.” 

The hospital authorities ate 
sending Mr Anderson hack to 
his home at the weekend 
because — as he put it bleakly 
yesterday — “they can do 
nothing more for me." 

“It’s hard to believe that 
both dad and I came down with 
cancer,” he. said. “It seems to 
ran in the family. Now I want 
to see Terry so badly before I 


General Chaovafit Yongchaiyuth, right, salntes an 

comnmad^-in-chief of foe Thai Army from General Arthit 

gives lead 
on lawsuits 

From Rhoderick Sharp 
San Francisco 
California voters have 
backed a referendum measure 
financed by insurance compa- 
nies which, the companies say, 
win put an end to “ridiculous 

The measure had been com- 
pared, because of the contro- 
versy it inspired, to foe 1978 
Property Tax Reform BUI 
Proposition 1 3, and it is being 
suggested that it win have an 
equally influential impact 
Under existing state law, 
parties with only a minor 
responsibility for causing an 
accident — such as local 
councils — can still be stuck 
with almost the entire finan- 
cial burden because of the 
inability of others to pay. 

The new proposal — while 
ensuring full restitution of 
victims' out-of-pocket costs, 
such as medical bills — limits 
payment of “non-economic" 
damages to each party’s pro- 
portionate liability. 

Trial lawyers said h would 
stop victims getting a fair 
settlement, aim consumers' 
groups said it was up to 
insurance companies to put 
their own houses in older. 

Supporters say it will curtail 
“ridiculous" settlements, like 
the award of $1 million to a 
woman who claimed her 
due powers were sai 
brain scan. 

Official Chinese visit to Bi 

sin n 

Hu aims to seal friendship 

Mr Hu Yaobang, General 
Secretary of foe Chinese Com- 
munist Party, will seek to “set 
the seal" on China’s : current 
“excellent” . relations with 
Britain when be arrives in 
Lbndon on Suiuiay fora three- 
day official virit, according to 
British officials here. 

FrofflA Correspondent, Peking 

' Oxford mid former Prime ta xy of State for Trade and 
■ Minister. industry. , ' •’ 

' u* ™n th* British officials m Peking 

Mr Hu, whose visit to 
Britain starts a European tour 
also taking in West Germany, 
France and Italy between June 
12 and 23, will head a delega- 
tion of more than 40 officials, 
among them Mr Li Feng, ' 
Deputy Prime Minister, aged 
57, China's leading technocrat 
and a possible successor to Mr 
Deng Xiaoping, the 81-year- 
old Chinese leader. 

Mr Hu will visit the Foreign 
Office on Monday and meet 
Mis Thatcher at No 10. He 
will also meet Dr David 
Owen, leader of the Social 

honour by theQueen at December 19 1984 Wpsd 

Buckingham Palace. He is due P a Y e *\J?? ore 

intimate working refation- 

~ , ship between foe two coun- 

(Jomputer Doom tries. The Chinese Foreign 

Ministry in Peking has said 
only that Mr Hu mil discuss 

for the Chinese 

Peking (AFP) - The use of matters of “mutual interest” 
comptons in China has with his British hosts. 


spread beyond scientists and 


mutual inter- 

tbe armed forces to almost est to both sides is China's 
every sector of foe economy, estimated £90 million, trade 

a cc or di ng to foe New China deficit with Britain. China 
Arifr. . purchases textiles, including 

. The newspaper said that dothes, as well as 'foodstuffs 
China . now, kd-DHW than and . light industrial -goods 
74)00 . computers, up from from' Britain, which buys tea 

2^00 in 1980. Mr.Ii Xiangli, and items ' like bog bristles 
director of foe electronic de- finm-China. 

partmeat that reports to the - Britain now offers a. variety 

Democratic Party, Mr David 
Steel, leader of t 

the Liberal 
Party, Mr Neil Kinnock. the 
Labour Party leader, and Mr 
Norman Tebbttt, chairman of 
the Conservative Party. Mr 
Hu and Mr Li are also 
expected to meet the former 
Conservative Prime Minister, 
Mr Edward Heath. 

State CooHcfl, 'said that more of -soft loans nqt f subsidies to ' 
than 130,000 microcomputers gje Qunese if they buy British 

were now in use in China, np 
from 600 in 1980. 

goods. But, in the words of one 
British official, “t 

the rest is 
now up to British industry”, 
00 which currently has about 2 
per cent of the Chinese 

Mr Hu win on Tuesday visit 
Stratfbrd-o n- Avon . and. Ox- 
ford, where he wUL attend a 
dinner in his honour hosted by 
Lord Stockton, Chancellor of 

to leave for Bonn 

Sir Richard Evans, Britain’s market. 

Ambassador to China, flies to Several, weeks ago Mr 
London, today and accompany Zheng Tuobin, China’s Minis- 
Mr ; Hu at virtually all of his ter ofTrade, visited Britain to 
public appearances in Britain, discuss issties such as; British 

Mr Li will during the visit joint ventures in Chins, Brit- 
confer with Mr Peter Walker, ish technology transfer; .to 
Secretary of State for Energy,' China, and increased Smo- 
and Mr Paul Channon, Secre- British trade, folks: 



to Aquino 

by army 

From Kejth Efatten 
•MsbS* ■■■■ 

• The PMEppines . 
forces chief; Gomd Fidel 
Ramos. yesterday warned that 
the communist; wageacy 
cmdd ~**ennnl* jgnmais” 
Corazoo Aquino failed to sta- 
baoe th* pegffiwf ami w- 

Assessmg the first iWdays 
of foe Aqtoao praadeacy. 
General Ramos sakt-foe 17-. 
year insurgency reua&wd ‘Hai- 
der cotoroT, ito W:«ot 
improved since the. overthrow 
on February 25 of former 
Pre si de nt fodfond kfocos, 
now Bvsog m exfie is Hamm. 

He said IfiW p e o ple had 
died in foe m&anriHe commu- 
nist revolt aud MosIijn seces- 
sionist «»r in foe youth era 
Pfeifippiaes since Mix Aqaiao 
took power. 

In ffie 817 dashes* 375 
communist rebels .from foe 
New People's Anay pare died 
white foe Government fosses 
taw totalled 35& There were 
4t> fatalities among the Ms- 
fan rebek rffteMoro Nation- 
al Liberation Front and 261 
dritfab deaths. General Ra- 
mos said ffeiywey g fewer 
battles and casualties foau in 
all of 198(5,. fad gove rnm ent 
rmres bad fared worjt- 
Siuce hfo Aqttfad took 
power, foere has been a daily 
average of mne “rodent 
incidents” tiffing an average 
oT 12 people. 

to Luxury sefi-efi: The Philip- 
pine Geremtetohas decided 
to sell some of Mr Marcos's 
favourite tnnrits, indbdJng 
expensive ous,.. foundering 
and a. palace made 
of C&COBBteC'tAP 
repwts). ' • 

■ V r ; ;. 


still smiting 
[ days in office. 

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Religious fury defeats swimsuit poster 

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pressure on Reagan 
to observe Salt 2 terms 

- . ■ 

- • Ike W 

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: !u *n* r. 

As critidsm mounts in both 
parties of President Reagan’s 
renunciation of ■ the Salt 2. 
arms treaty. Congress has 
begun to force the Adnrinistra-- 
tion to continue observing the 
treaty terms. Al the samelime 
Mr Reagan has warned Con- 
gress that any cuts in nod ear 
modernization or ior his Stra- 
tegic Defence Initiative (SDI) 
would endanger US security. . 

Legisla ti on has been pro- 
posed in both chambers to bar 
any spending, on strategic ! 
arms that violates the limits of 
the treaty. As the Bill was 
introduced in the House of 
Representatives, Mr . Jim 
Wnght of Texas, the House 
Democratic majority leader, 
said the world clearly did not 
need,’ and could not afford, £ 
new escalation of the nuclear 
arms race. 

The Senate Democratic mi- 
nority leader. Senator Robert 
Bjrrd of West Virginia, Said he. 
might . support legislation 
obliging compliance rtrtii the ' 

treaty as an amendment, to 
military spending Bills. -The 
Democratic Senators Edward 
Kennedy and Albeit Gore 
have already condemned Mr 
Reagan's move as ^ the wont 
mistake of his presidency.; , 

Among the ; Republicans 
there was also a call to stay 
wiihin the Salt missile limit 
Senator Aden . Specter, ' of 
Pennsylvannia, said there was 
“very strong sentiment” in the 
Senate cm this. 

RepuhOcad leaders told 
President ’ Reagan of their 
concerns at a while House 
meeting on - Tuesday. But 
some conservatives praised 
his move as a “master stroke" 
that would put pressure on the 
Russians not to violate the 
Salt agreement. 

- The threat to withhold 
funds for strategic moderniza- 
tion will increase Mr Reagan's 
difficulty in keeping up de- 
fence, spending in 1987. The 
White House has. also been 
particularly worried by the 

Leader of Swedish 
opposition quits 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

Sweden’s non-Somfist Op- 
position suffered a seme blow 
yesterday with the sudden and 
unexpected resignation of Mr 
Ulf Adeteohn, its Conservative 

• After five years as party ’ 
chairman, tire 44-year-old 
sports enthusiast and keen 
traveller said politics was 
demanding toe much of his 

“1 said when I took the job it 
wouldn't be forever ... It 

demanding of his time. 

odafist Op- demands 100 per cent of your 
severe blow time. I cant give that much.” 
sudden and Mr Adebohn was also 
ition of Mr known to be disappointed with 
Conservative his poor showing in last year’s 
. general election and with. his 
s as party fedipse in pnhik opinion polls 
44-yeain-oId by Mr: Beast Westerberg, the 
and keei Ubonlleadn. 
riitfcs was His most obvious successor 
nch of his is Mr Car! Bihft, aged 36, tire 
party's spokesman on defence 
»k the job it and soe-m-bw of the previous 
per- — It leader, Mr GostaBohuum. ■’ 

According to opution polls, 
however, the Sodal Demo- 
crats under the Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr IngvarCarisson, have j 
gamed in popu l a ri t y since the ! 
February assassination of Mr ; 
Otof Palme. They are already 
firm favourites to win tire next 
election in 1988, ■ 

The auti-nodear power 
Centre Party, which might 
have been expected .to gain in 
popidarity after the Chernobyl 
disaster, also suffered a set- 
back with the recent resigrm- 
ilitics too tiim ' of ' its leader, Mr 
is time. Thorbjorn Falldin. 

rising tide of opposition to 
SDL Two wedes ago 46 sena- 
tors, including Senator Barry 
Gold water, the conservative 
■V Republican head of the armed 
services committee, wrote a 
letter urging sharp reductions 
in the SDI programme. 

. - :On Tuesday Mr Reagan 
warned Congress that such 
- cuts would be “the worst way 
to responcT to Soviet viola- 
tions. He said in an eight-page 
1 message that Congress was on 1 
the veige of endangering US 
security, undercutting the US 
negotiating position in Gene- 
va and sending the wrong 
signal to Moscow. 

The White House has sent 
Congress a detailed list of 
defence cuts it would find 
acceptable. It gave as 
"essential" the SDL the 
stealth- bomber and advanced 
- cruise missiles, the Trident 2 
submarine, 50 additional MX 
missiles and a smaller, mobile 
intercontinental ballistic' 
missile.' . . 

Kre mlin 
alarm on 

From Christopher Walker 

The Kremlin warned yester- 
day that President Reagan's 
threat to cease complying with 
the Salt 2 arms control treaty 
could sabotage the holding of 
this year's putative summit in 
Washington and variousarms 
control negotiations . under 
way- in Geneva. . 

The Deputy Fbreign Minis- 
ter, Mr Alexander Bess- 
mertnykh, and the Chief of 
Staf£ Marshal Sergei Akh- 
romeyev, held an angry news 
conference in which they ac- 
cused Washington of a delib- 
erate attempt to "whip up” the 
arms race. 

Mr Bessmertnykh accused 
the Reagan Administration of 
"doing everything to under- 

* From Ian Murray 

Advertising posters in Israel 
showing a pretty girl in a 
swimsuit are to be withdrawn 
after a campaign by the ultra- 
orthodox Jewish community. 

Israeli . poBce have been 
working overtime to protect 
tire posters, which threatened 
to open a deep, diride in the 
country between the rapidly 
growing ultra-orthodox com- 
munity and the rest of the 

Black-coated and long- 
haired Hassidim with spray 
cans or matches had been 
arrested drily, and police 
courts were sentencing men 
who spend most- of their 
writing hoars studying the 
Torah and who angrily dispute 
the right of the state of Israel 
to exist. 

The girl in the swimsuit, 
part of an advertising cam- 
paign, has adorned bus shel- 
ters for months. This immod- 
esty enraged tire ultra-orth- 
odox community, which set 
about burning down or defac- 
ing the bus shelters, causing 
more than £160,000 damage in 
Jerusalem alone. 

The advertising agency re- 
sponsible for putting up the 
posters said yesterday that h 
would- be withdrawing them 
because it did not want to 
cause offence. 

However, leaders of the 
ultra-orthodox community 
said they would be stepping up 
their campaign « gain«er ob- 
scene advertising. 

Students of tire Yeshiva — 
the religious schools — had 
been caught vandalizing the 
advertisements in relatively 
secular Tel Aviv and its sub- 
urbs, and non-religions teen- 
agers had been following the 
example of the Hassidim. 

One student, Mr Haim 
Gottlieb, was given a second 
five-month sentence this week 
and told the coart that be 
regarded Mmseif as waging an 
all-out war against the coun- 
try’s laws And morals, which 

The swimsuit advertising poster in Israel that angered the 

he said were no better than 
those imposed by the Roman 
emperor Titos. 

He refused to give evidence 
because “according to the 
Torah, I cannot give testimony 
in a’ court of idol-worsb!^ 

The anti-swimsuit campaign 
was apparently led by Rabbi 
Uri Blau, sou of the founder of 

the extreme Neturei Karta 
community, which is particu- 
larly strong in Jerusalem’s 
'religions stronghold of Mea 
Sbe’arim. He was arrested for 
a second time this week, 
together with nine young 

All 10 were said by police to 
have been caught at midnight 
on Saturday - after the end of 

ultra-orthodox community, 
the Sabbath — solemnly 
spray-painting the picture. 

Since the arrest, the police 
have found It more difficult 
than ever to patrol Mea 
She’arim. Seven officers were 
injured in stone-throwing inci- 
dents on Monday night when 
they tried to stop the irate 
orthodox setting fire to dust- 
bins and sealing off roads. 

Gorbachov puts atom safety proposals to UN 

“doing everything to under- 
mine the possibility of a 
summit" . 

■- Ifsuch g summit was to take 
place, an appropriate political 
atmosphere and a mutual 
readiness for practical results 
was needed. 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky 
New York 

In a message to Senor Javier 
Perez de Cuellar, the UN 
Secretary-General, Mr Mikh- 
ail Gorbachov has broadened 
his call for the creation of an 
rateroaliona] regime to en- 
hance safeguards against nuc- 
lear accidents. 

Citing the need for prompt 
notification of accidents or. 
faults al atomic power plants' 
.when accompanied by release 

of radiation, the Soviet leader 
said that such a regime "would 
be aimed at bringing to an 
absolute minimum a possibili- 
ty of the peaceful atom caus- 
ing harm to people". 

In an address on Soviet 
television on May 14 after the 
disaster at Chernobyl, Mr 
Gorbachov first mentioned 
the need for an international 
system of nuclear safeguards. 

He is now suggesting that a 
system be codified in one or 
more international conven- 

tions, and that bodies such as 
the International Atomic En- 
ergy Agency (IAEA) be used to 
strengthen safety in the long 
run and set up an early 
notification system in the 

The IAEA could "sponsor 
international efforts to devel- 
op a new generation of eco^ 
nomic and reliable reactors 
with enhanced safety opera- 
tors compared to the existing 

Mr Gorbachov also empha- 

sized the need for the accord 
to include stringent measures 
against nuclear terrorism. He 
said in Europe there were 10 
cases of sabotage of nuclear 
facilities from 1966 to 1977. 

The Soviet Union has been 
criticized for foiling to provide 
adequate information on the 
Chernobyl accident, and 
Western diplomats said Mr 
Gorbachov's proposal was an 
attempt to improve Moscow's 
tarnished image. 

Leading article, page 13 

Poll says 
image of 

From Richard Bassett 

Austria's image abroad had 
been substantially damaged 
by the furore surrounding Dr 
Kurt Waldheim's alleged links 
with Nazi atrocities m the 
Balkans, according to a Gallup 
poll published in Vienna 

The poll investigated atti- 
tudes towards Austria m eight 
West European countries dur- 
ing March and ApriL At the 
beginning of March, just be- 
fore the Waldheim controver- 
sy broke, only 39 per cent of 
press comment in these coun- 
tries could be interpreted as 
hostile towards Austria. By 
the end of April the figure had 
in some cases risen to 77 per 

Herr Fritz Kammersin, a 
Gallup poll spokesman, said 
this showed that Austria’s 
image abroad had radically 

Most people questioned in 
March thought of the Austri- 
ans as "romantic, friendly and 
musical”. Six weeks later the 
poll found that these charita- 
ble epithets had been replaced 
by "untrustworthy, incompe- 
tent and unintelligent". 

Herr Kammersin saw a 
direct relationship between 
this change and the Waldheim 
controversy. He said that the 
new image of Austria would 
severely damage the country's 
business links. 

• BELGRADE: A Yugoslav 
magazine has claimed that Dr 
Waldheim spent much longer 
in Yugoslavia than he admit- 
ted, and that throughout the 
last seven months of the war 
he was in the headquarters of 
the Army Group E which, on 
retreat through Yugoslavia, 
committed brutal reprisals in 
Macedonia. Bosnia and Serbia 
(Dessa Trevisan writes). 

Writing in the magazine 
Interview, a Yugoslav journal- 
ist involved in research on Dr 
Waldheim's war experiences 
in Yugoslavia listed several 
documents, including one 
bearing Dr Waldheim’s co- 
signauire and said to prove 
that Dr Waldheim, if not 
directly involved in reprisals, 
was fully aware of them. 
•ATHENS: The Justice Min- 
ister. Mr Apostolos Kak la- 
man is, has said that Dr 
Waldheim's name was not 
included in an official Greek 
register of 5,000 war crimi- 
nals. hut admitted that the 
records were incomplete (A? 

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World Cup ‘broadcasting disaster’ 

By Our Foreign Staff ■ 

"The _ chief of Mexico’s 
Wond Cup broadcasting orga- 
nization has promised that 
television coverage will' im- 
prove. Telemexico, the com- 
pany set up to handle the host 
nation’s service, has appoint- 
ed a chief engineer after the 
intervention ofPresidpntdela 

He stepped in after an 
appeal from Fife, internation- 
al football’s governing body, 
which has been inundated 
with complaints from TV 
networks, describing 
Telem6xico's efforts as “the 
hugest disaster in the history 
of broadcasting”. 

lTV’s live coverage of 
theNorthern Ireland-Algeria 
match was hit on Tuesday 
night. Peter Brack] ey’s match 
commentary could not be 
heard in the first half and John 
Helm provided a stand-in 
service from Mexico City. 
Normal service was resumed 
in the second half The BBCs 
live broadcast of England’s 
defeat by Portugal was 

Setter Emtfio Azcarraga, 
head of Telem&rico, promised 
that “every effort would be 
made” to resolve the difficul- 
ties, after a meeting with 
President de la Madnd and 
senior Fift officials. 

The Fifo spokesman. 

Guido Tognoni, said: 

to put things right 

Law enforcement 
show falls victim 
to terrorism fears 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 
The latest victim of the fear mounting tension 

The celebrations that erupted in violence in Mexico City. Below, a plainclothes puticeman swings a stick at a Mexican fan. 

problems seem to have been 
resolved at the top leveL We 
can- ask for no morn than the 


assurances we have been 

The consortium, which cov- 
ers 60 European TV stations. 

Probation for *fan* 

Terence Exeiby, aged 33, 
(right) a one-legged English 
football fan, was given six 
months unsnpexvised proba- 
tion after he pleaded guilty in 
Houston, Texas, to assaHftmg 
an airline stewardess on his 
way to tiie World Cup fi»b 
{Reuter reports). 

Exeiby, from Acomb, York- 
shire, was released after his 
conviction on Tuesday for the 
assault during a Con ti nental 
Airlines flight from London, 
which landed in Houston. 

had demanded the appoint- 
ment of a single co-ordznator 
to oversee the technical side. 

The decision to allow Mexi- 
co to stage die World Cup 
after the «»rthrpiatrt» disaster 
oflast summer was made with 
more compassion than com- 
mon sense, Mr Paul Docherty, 
bead oftheJTV team covering 
Northern Ireland, said in Gua- 
dalajara yesterday. 

“Ideally, tire whole opera- 
tion should be stopped for a 
couple of days to sort things 
out At the moment Mexico is 
just lurching from one disaster 
to another,” he said. 

There is a possibility that 
Rfa may halt coverage unless 
matters improve quickly. 
More chaos beckons tomor- 
row when dozens of networks 
wifi attempt coverage of the 
Brazil- Algeria match in - the 
Jalisco Sta dium 

generated by international ter- 
rorism is, ironically, the inter- 
national exhibition and 
conference on law enforce- 
ment, which was doe to open in 
Genoa next month. 

The massive British-orga- 
nized exhibition has lad to be 
postponed because Italian au- 
thorities have refused to issue 
the necessary permits to alkm 
many of the exhibits to be 
brought into the country. As a 
result, Mr Derek Baker, of the 
Eton-based company organiz- 
the exhibition, has been 
forced to agree with the Genoa 
Fair managem ent to issue a 
statement aimoencmg post- 
ponement of the event for 
reasons beyond their control. 

Mr Baker says the faUta-e of 
the conference and law en- 
forcement show — which be 
described as befog of un- 
precedented dimensions — to 
open as planned “sets bade 
anti-terrorism by 10 years’*. 
He was expecting to wel- 
sme some 6,000 delegates 
from outride Italy, as well as 
the Italian participants and 
leading figures in the police 
forces of the world. There were 
also dne to be 2JMX) exhibitors, 

mflwHing some i m p y f»nt 

British companies such as 
British Aerospace, Marconi 
and the Royal Ordnance 

“The largest industry in the 
world today is crime,” Mr 
Baker said, “and the second 
hugest is tire industry set up to 
combat it” 

He said planning for die 
exhibition bad been hi band 
for 18 months, long before the 
recent wave of terrorism and 

in tire 


The Kalian derision not to 
issue permits was taken on tire 
basis of legislation dealing 
with die import of firearms 
and other weapons. 

Mr Baker said that only 
about 2 per emit of the exhibits 
were actual firearms, but the 
Italian legislation was broad 
and would have meant that 
many other exhibits would 
have come under the ban. 

It is probable, however, that 
the delegates expected to at- 
tend bad wumI the IImImiw 
more anxiety than the weap- 
ons. WeO-known American 
and Israeli police and anti- 
terrorist expats would have 
been regarded as inviting tar- 
gets for terrorists. The idea of 
providing all 4JM0 delegates 
with adequate protection 
would have been seen as a 
huge security problem. Also 
Italy fears at this time, if not 
expects, more serious acts of 

Signor Oscar Scalfiun, the 
Minfoer of the Interior, voiced 
this tear in an interview on 
Tuesday, and even though his 
colleagues im»i«»him that his 
call for a general alert was not 
directly connected with the 
refusal to provide permits fere 
the Genoa show, it certainly 
was indicative of the atmo- 

Later this month the trial 
starts at Genoa of the hijack- 
ers of the Italian cruise ship, 
the Achfife Lauro. It is expect- 
ed to last at least a month aiid 
therefore would have run con- 
currently with the law enforce- 
ment conference. 

Greeks In the crossfire 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 
The So cialist Government country’’. The country was not 

How pictures and sound parted company 

. T_I • ... ■ — a . , • m . . . . i . .. * W 

switching ce 
City, which 

By Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

The telecomm uni cations 
centre in Mexico 
matches sports 
commentaries to pictures, is m 
chaos and is the primary 
source of die technical faults 
experienced by World Cup 

British engineers -at the 
World Cup have described the 
inside as a shambles, and 
worse than Spaghetti Junction 
where television pictures are 
befog mismatched with their 

snnnrf HtmmmUww anti «nnu> . 

lost completely. 

Several reasons have ben 
offered fire tire failure, but they 
all indicate that the Mexican 

telecommunications authority, 
SCX (Commumcafidns and 
Transport Secretariat) and the 
television concern, Tele- 

m&xico, have seriously under- 
estimated the complexity of 
the task facing them, and have 
been overwhelmed by the 

shea volume of c ir cu i t s which 
they would need to supply. 

Despite having had two 
years to prepare, many of the 


at the beginning of 
tire competition had insuffi- 
cient tircirits to carry the 80 to 
100 different commentaries 
that were befog made fire each 

The Mexicans woe able to 
cope with the World Cup event 
in 1970wnd the Olympics two 
years earlier. The technology 
of telecommunications has de- 
veloped since then, but more 
impfotantiy the demand for 
television pictures has g row n 
almost exponentially. 

Broadcasters and represen- 
tatives of the football world 
have voiced strong complaints 
to the Mexican authorities hi 
the past two days about tire 
technical inadequacy of tire 

of Mr Andreas Papandreou 
was caught yesterday in a 
crossfire of censure ova the 
apparent ambiguities of its 
attitude on international 

Criticism by the US State 
Department that Greece was 
undermining Western efforts 
to combat terrorism coincided 
with an opposition question in 
Parliament chiming that two 
Libyans accredited in Athens 
as diplomats had been identi- 
fied as “convicted terrorists 
expelled by one European 

named, but sources suggested 
West Germany. 

The question, tabled by 
three members of the conser- 
vative New Democracy party, 
asked the Government to 
explain why, as only four 
Libyans were accredited as 
diplomats in Athens, no fewer 
than 56 had been issued 
diplomatic car (dales. 

The Greek Government 
spokesman yesterday prom- 
ised to investigate the 
opposition’s allegations, but 
dismissed US criticism. 

Spy trial gives glimpse 
of top-secret agency 

Rom Michael Bmyon, Washington 
The Baltimore trial of Ron- to believe he could 

aid Pelton, the forma techni- 
cian at the top-secret National 
Security Agency (NSA) ac- 
cused of selling priceless intel- 
ligence information to the 
Russians, is one of the most 
bizarre in the crop of recent 
spy trials. 

Not only has most of the 
evidence been withheld from 
the jury on security grounds, 
but the Reagan Administra- 
tion, in an unusual move, has 
tried to limit what the press 
can say about the accusations 
against the 44-year-old defen- 
dant In this, it resembles 
more a British spy trial -than 
something from an American 

Nevertheless, unusual de- 
tails have been given about 
the NSA, the US equivalent of, 
the GCHQ at Cheltenham, 
with its budget of hundreds of 
millions of dollars and its 
worldwide monitoring of So- 
viet radio messages, telephone 
calls and secret communi- 

The defence, which is bas- 
ing its case simply on the 
allegedly unfair interrogation 
techniques of the Federal Bu- 
reau of Investigation, has also 
given a glimpse of the debrief- 
ing of traitors. 

Mr Pelton, who worked for 
14 years for the NSA before 
leaving in 1979. is accused of 
selling details of US intelli- 
gence to the Russians between 
19S0 and 1985 for $35,000 
(£23,000). The sole witness in 
his own defence, he admitted 
telling the Russians about 
some NSA projects, but insist- 
ed the FBI had tricked him 
into confessing by leading him 


prosecution if he became a 
double agent. 

He had ajobthal gave him 
access to enciphered commu- 
nications, as well as . knowl- 
edge of how the : agency 
handled the 60 Soviet sferals 
that were top priority. 

Ironically, one of his con- 
tacts at tiie Soviet Embassy 
here was Mr Vitaly Yur- 
chenko, the double 
whose, voice wras beard on the 
tapes of Mr Pehon’s moni- 
tored calls to the 
which were played to the 
court. It. was Mr Yurchenko 
whatipped off the Americans, 
before he himself defected to 

Mr Petton’s . disclosures 

were said by an NSA official to 

have inflicted “exceptionally 
grave damage” on American 
security by alerting the Rus- 
sians to adopt counter- 

One official described the 
type of analysis 'done at the 
NSA. Some of the listening 
devices are dearly clandes- 
tinely set up within Soviet 

cowa<Ssedihe^ S (^uttmg 
one in a Russian forest, dis- 
guised as a tree stump. Mr 
Pelton is accused of telling the 
Russians where one such de- 
vice was planted — although 
he' was apparently several 
hunched miles out: 

Much of the trial is taken up 
with whispered conversations 
at the bench. The jury, which 
has been given documents so 
fileted and blacked out as to be 
virtually meaningless, is ex- 
pected to retire to deckle foe 
case today. 

Managua told 
to pay up on 
abandoned jets 

Daf es Salaam (AFP) — The 
Tanzanian Government is de- 
manding from Nicaragua 
about £386,000 in airport 
parking charges for two 
Boeing 707s abandoned for 
the past four years al the 
country's international 

An aviation official said the 
Government was using diplo- 
matic channels to persuade 
Managua to pay the accumtK 
bled tbs. He saztiirwasalso 
awaitii® advice on how best to 
dispose of foe planes. 

Australia to 
look into war 
criminals claim 

Canberra (AFP) — The Aus- 
tralian Government yesterday 
announced an informal inqui- 
ry into claims that war crimi- 
nals entered foe country after 
foe Second World War. 

The government leader in 
the Senate. Mr John Button, 
told Parliament that the inqui- 
ry would have fill! access to ah . 
government files. 

. He said' an Immigration 
Department investigation lad 
foiled to find evidence foai 
people now in Anstralia.:had 
been involved in war crimes. 

15 Bengali 

From Ahmed FazI 
• Dhaka 

A fresh outbreak of separat- 
ist violence claimed 15 lives 
and seriously injured 27 oth- 
ers in Bangladesh’s south- 
eastern Chittagong Hill Tracts 
on Tuesday, the local police 
disclosed yesterday. 

■ They said the victims were 
Bengali settlers whose charred 
bodies were left in a village 
attacked and burnt down by 
tribal guerrillas from the out- 
lawed Shanti Bahmi organiza- 
tion, which is demanding 

independence for the region. 

The guerrillas’ attack came 
afta the assassination of a 
local tribal businessman last 
week, which sparked demon- 
strations in the resort town of 
RangamatL •• 

Survivors said guerrillas 
fired on a Bengali settlement 
in the village ofLongdu, about 
two miles from RangamatL, 

The insurgency began in 
1976, afta the Government 
unveiled plans for resettling 
Bengali f arm er s in the less- 
populated hills inhabited by 
Chakma and Manna tribes. 

Hardliner is chosen to 
rule Haryana state 

- - FromMkhael Hamlyn, Delhi 

Mr Devi Lai and foe other 
opposition parties have called 
a day of protest to mark June 
21, foe day Chandigarh — the 
capital Haryana shares with 
Punjab — is handed ova 
exclusively to Punjabi 
There has been some con- 
cern expressed about the com- 
mitment of Mr Bhajan Lai to 
any settlement arrived at with 
Punjab concerning the hand- 
ova of Chandigarh and ex- 
change of territory in com- 

Mr Bhajan Lai became the 
Congress (I) Party Chief Min- 
ister of foe state, having been 
Chief Minister for the opposi- 
tion Janata Party. But having 
switched sides and brought 
virtually his entire ministry 
with him, the fear was that, if J 
he did not like the settlement, 
be might switch sides again. 
Now be has been taken safely 
out of harm's way. 

Mr Bansi Lai's commitment 
to the Congress Party is not in 
question, and he is likely to be 
a much more ruthless manip- 
ulator of foe patronage that 
foe huge sums of money 
necessary for building a new 
state capital will bring him. 


Minister of Hindu-dominated 
Indian state of Haryana, has 
been removed and replaced by 
Mr Bansi Lai, a dour and 
hardline apparatchik with a 
reputation for getting things 
done, who has been inducted 
into foe chair from the central 
Cabinet post of Transport 

Most important, however, 
is foe feet foal he is a Jat, a 
member of foe powerful dad 
numerous agricultural caste 
which dominates politics in 
north-west India. 

Mr Bhajan Lai is not — and 
it is going to be vital in the 
next fortnight fa the Haryana 
Chief Minister to cany with 
him the support of the Jats of 
the state in the apparent sell- 
out of their interests to the 
equally Jal-dominated Sikhs 
in the neighbouring Punjab 

The party that best ex- 
presses the Jat interest in both 
Haryana and neighbouring 
Uttar Pradesh is foe Lok Dal, 
founded by foe ailing forma 
Prime Minister, Mr Choudb- 
Hjy (Tiantncingh and led in 

Haryana by Mr Devi LaL 

on EPG 

By Nicholas Ashford 

Diplomatic Correspondent 

The seven members of the 
Commonwealth Eminent Per- 
sons Group gathered in Lon- 
don yesterday to complete a 
report on their peace mission 
to South Africa and to consid- 
a whether they should recom- 
mend the imposition of 
sanctions by the 49-nation 

Their deliberations were be- 
hind closed doors at the 
Commonwealth’s headquar- 
ters at Marlborough House, 
and their conclusions will not 
be made known until their 
report has first been circulated 
to Commonwealth leaders, 
probably towards foe end of 
this month. 

Although the bulk of then- 
report is expected to be fin- 
ished by tomorrow, it is likely 
that foe seven will have a 
further exchange of messages 
with South Africa before they 
(Hit their signatures to a 
document which is expected 
to be broadly criticaL 

Although unwilling to take 
up the Botha Government's 
proposal that they should 
make a further visit to South 
Africa, there are understood to 
be points in foe most recent 
communication received from 
Pretoria which they wish to 

The group’s mandate does 
not expire until the end of this 
month, its report wifi be 
studied by the leaders of seven 
Commonwealth countries at a 
mini-summit in London be- 
ginning on August 3. 





Harare — The press and 
public were ordered out ol 
court here yesterday by a 
judge, with evident reluctance, 
implementing recently passed 
censorship legislation for the 
first time (Jan Raath writes). 

About 40 Roman Catholic 
nuns and priests and seven 
journalists were in foe Harare 
High Court to witness foe 
latest moves to obtain a court 
order for the release of Mr 
Nicholas Ndebele, the director 
of the Catholic Commission 
for Justice and Peace in 

Mr Ndebele was arrested on 
May 22 and served with 
detention orders of indefinite 

Spassky holds 
on to lead 

Bugojno. Yugoslavia (Reu- 
ter) — Boris Spassky kepi his 
lead after Tuesday's adjourn- 
ment games in foe seventh 
round of the chess 
grandmasters* tournament 

Anatoly Karpov of the Sovi- 
et Union beat Yugoslavia's 
Ljubomir Ljubijevic afta 86 
moves in a four-hour game. 
He said his adjournment game 
against Britain's Tony Miles 
would end in a draw. Chess 
experts, however, believe the 
game will gq to Miles. 

Wrong recipe 
for Fraga 

Madrid — Voters who 
phoned in yesterday to hear 
Senor Manuel Fraga, Spain's 
Opposition leader, explain his 
party's election programme 
found themselves listening to 
a senorita giving them a 
cooking recipe (Richard Wjgg 

Advertisements had ap- 
peared in newspapers giving 
various numbers for the 
phone-in. But foe agency em- 
ployed got things wrong and 
the numbers corresponded 
with one of its campaigns fa a 
household electrical appliance 

Heroin haul 

Rotterdam (Reuter) — 
Dutch police said they made 
Europe's biggest heroin find in 
Rotterdam, a single haul of 
4851b of the drug. The street 
value in The Netherlands was 
estimated at 50 million guil- 
ders (£13 million). 

a __m i aers (xu minion j. 

Americans I Mecca tonic 

in war on 

Bahrain (Reuter) — Fifteen * 
million bottles of drinking ‘ 
water, donated by King Fahd, l 
will be distributed among two ‘ 
million Muslims expected to ■ 
make the pilgrimage to Mecca ! 
this August. 

Frankfurt (Reuter) — West 
Germany mil probably decide 
by August wbefoa the Nazi 
death camp doctor Josef 
Mengele dial in Brazil seven 
years ago or whether be might 
still be alive, the Frankfort 
public prosecutor said. 

Bonn puts Berlin row on back-burner 

From Frank Johnson 

The dispute over what travel 
documents should be shown to 

East German border guards by 
accredited diplomats wanting 
to cross into West Berlin, has 
been removed from the public 
eye without being resolved. 

Since the weekend the sub- 
ject has vanished from West 
German television news bolle- 
tius sad the front pages of tiie 
newspapers — and, in most 
cases, the inside pages- 
The probable explanation is 
that, although it was agreed 
that the changes introduced by 
the East Germans could seri- 

affect tiie status of 

Berfin, dime effects lie in the 
distant fotnre. There is not tire 
will in West Germany to make 
much of a foss about it now. 

This relaxed attitude by the 
West Gomans has privately 
irritated the Americans, who 
see themselves as having been 
in danger of sounding more 
German- than the Germans cm 
the subject of Germany’s 

The dispute began two 
weeks ago when the East 
German Foreign Ministry 
wrote to afi embassies in East 
Berlin advising them that 
diplomats crossing into West 
Berlin would have to show 

their passports as wdl as their 
identity cards. 

The British, Americans and 
French refused, on the ground 
that to do so would indicate 
that they accepted tire East 
German and Soviet claim that 
East Berlin was East Ger- 
many's capital, whereas they 
contend it is still only foe 
Soviet occupation sector anda 
the various postwar agree- 
ments, jast as West Berfin is 
foe British, American and 
French occupation sectors. 

For diplomats to show pass- 
ports would suggest the Wall 
was a national border and not 
the dfvidhig line between occu- 
pation sectors. 

Any alteration of the city’s 
status wifi have to await the 
long-delayed Second World 
War peace treaty. To do 
otherwise would strengthen 
foe comiaaai st dam on West 

Berlhi - East Germany de- 
scribes “Berlin” as its capital, 
not jnst East Berlin. 

So the three Weston occu- 
pying powers and foe West 
Germans, who also have a 

mission in East Berlin, refused 

to show their passports and 
woe tamed away at various 
crossings, such as Checkpoint 
Charlie, and Instead took a 
long detour to enter West 
Balm from foe territory of 
East Gomany: a state they 
recognize without recognizing 
what it chums to be its capitaL 

Western countries who are 
not oc cu p yi n g powers but are 
members of Nate, such as 
Italy, Denmark, Spain and 
iblgiinn ) did thesame. 

But by the end oflast week, 
the East German Foreign 
Ministry exempted the three 
occupiers from showing their 

Inquiries at East Berfin 
embassies this week showed 
that West Gamany, Italy, 
Spain, and most other Nato 
countries were still refusing to 
show passports and were mak- 
ing the detoa. 

Greece's position was not 
dear. At first a spokesman 
said “of course” Greek diplo- 
mats woe showing their pass- 
ports, but a later inquiry 
produced the assurance that 
they were not. 

The Swedes said they were 
showing their passports and 
had complied with foe change 
“as a neutral country” So, too, 
had Finland. Bat the Norwe- 
gians and foe Danes, both of 
whom are in Nato, were still 
refusing to show passports. 

The issue will still have to 
be resolved as for as West 
Germany and foe other non- 
passport showers are con- 

In Brain, some West Ger- 
man Government officials 
were saying that East Germa- 
ny had in reality suffered a 
setback because ft had been 

forced to exempt the Weston 
allies and had therefore con- 
firmed BetHn's special status. 
The Americans remained 
sceptical and irritated, but 
refieved that foe West Ger- 
mans had not accepted tiie 
change — or not yet. 

FVom Michael Hornsby 

The American Chamber of I Mdlgele 
Commerce in South Africa 1 
(Amcham) 1ms sent its 300 
member companies a list of 
suggestions for supporting 
their blade employees in acts 
of civil disobedience against 
apartheid laws. 

One proposal is that compa- 
nies should offer to pay the 

XS & 1 Pastora freed 

rial laws (which) dearly inter- 
fere with the lives of blacks”. 

Amcham members are also 
urged to meet foe legal costs of 
black employees who defy the 
law by travelling on whites- 
oniy trains and buses. It is also 
recommended that they en- 
courage “the slow movement 
of blacks” into whites-only 
residential areas. 

Another suggestion is that 
companies should give finan- 
cial aid to private schools in 
white areas which refuse a 
government subsidy. Schools 
accepting foe subsidy have to 
to a limit on the number 
of blacks they admit. 

Mr Frank Lubke, president 
of Amcham, said: “We have a 
social conscience and we are 
not doing this to ease pressure 
on American companies do- 
ing business in South Africa.” 

It would foe up to individual 
companies to dedde whether 
they wanted to act on foe 

The proposals were drawn 
up at the request of Amcbam's 
social justice committee by a 
body called foe Get Ahead 
Foundation, which indudes 
among its directors Bishop 
Desmond Tutu and Dr 
Nthato Motlana, a top anti- 
apartheid activist- Amchara’s 
members employ about 
1 15,000 blacks. 

• ANC man killed: South 
African police said a “trained 
African National Congress 
terrorist” was shot dead yes- 
terday near Ficksburg. 

Pretoria under I Albania link 

Vienna (AFP) - Swissair 

suspicion over 
Swazi attack 

Setter Eden Pastora, foe for- ' 
mer anti - SanHmigta guer r illa • 
commander, enjoying a meal ■ 
after breaking his hunger 
strike and being granted polit- ; 
teal asylum in Cosin Rka on l 
condition that he does not take ; 
np arms again. He was allowed ■ 
out of jafl and went to. his ' 
wife’s house in San Jose! the 

Coop charges ! 

Monrovia (AFP) — Six Li- 1 
berian immigration officers ' 
detained since last November ; 
have been formally charged I 
with treason. They are accused [ 
of unlawfully arresting gov- ■ 
emment officials on the orders ; 
of General Thomas ; 
Quiwonkpa when he staged an ■ 
abortive coup. ; 

Mbabane (AP) — Swazi 
police suspect Smith African 
security forces may have car- 
ried out an attack on a house 
here in which three people 
were killed, the South African 
Press Association reported. 

An anti-apartheid publica- 
tion was found in the house 
and members of the African 
National Congress were 
known to have lived in the 

South African Defence 
Force headquarters in Pretoria 
said it would not comment on 
“speculation and rumours”. 

has started regular flights be- ; 
tween Zurich and Tirana, 

Life sentences 

Naples (Reuia) — An Ital- ■ 
ian court has jailed for life IS : 
members of tne Red Brigades * 
urban guerrilla movement for * 
murder and other offences, 

Feline fraud 

Hutchinson Island, Florida " 
(AP) — A woman and ha two ] 
children have been charged * 
with running up more than • 
$80,000 in bills for airline and ; 
cruise ship tickets on two ■ 
phoney credit cards, including ! 
one issued in the name of their * 
caL : 


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Lucky leader with a mission 



8urMti KsradiB 


I n 1967 a young New Zea- 
land lawyer was in west 
London looking for tea and 
biscuits when he entered 
Donald Soper’s mission. 
There he heard words which fed 
his deeply-held Methodist convic- 
tions, crystallized his own beliefs 
and resolved some of his doubt. 

For David Russell Lange, a 
hefty Billy Burner of a youth who 
had just received his degree from 
Auckland University and was 
looking for meaning in life, it was 
altogether a formative period . 

At the time Lange was 25 and 
working as a junior accounts clerk 
fbr a reinsurance company. He 
later switched to the Westminster 
Bank, as it was before the merger 
with National Provincial and the 
launching of National Westmin- 
ster. His evenings were mostly 
spent at the mission, and it was 
here that he met Naomi Crampton 
of Newark, Nottinghamshire. 
They married in 1968, and shortly 
afterwards returned to New Zea- 
land, where Lange took the first 
steps on the Labour Party road 
that was to lead to the prime 
ministership 16 years later. 

Until recently David Lange, 
who arrives in London today for 
talks with Mrs Thatcher, was 

did his ideals become convictions 
after the events which occurred 
when he took office? 

Close associates of the man who 
succeeded to the leadership of the 
New Zealand Labour Party after 
only seven years in parliament 
believe the events of the past 18 
months have hardened his re- 
solve. The French action in send- 
ing agents to New Zealand to 
sabotage the Greenpeace protest 
ship, Rainbow Warrior, in Auck- 
land harbour was a major factor. 
Describing the act as state-spon- 
sored terrorism, Lange said it 
showed the desperation of nuclear 

Washington's response to New 
Zealand's ban on nuclear-powered 

ships — the suspension of all 
defence links - also strengthened 


1942: Boro David Russel 

defence links - also strengthened 
feelings. Ironically, the suspension 
also punished die New Zealand 
Defence Department, the one 
establishment in favour of contin- 
ued US Navy visits. 

always assumed to be a reluctant 
convert to his party's anti-nuclear 

Then came the Chernobyl 
disaster, followed by reports from 
declassified Pentagon documents 
concerning potentially catastroph- 
ic accidents involving nuclear 
weapons. Each new development, 
Lange's associates argue, builds a 
stronger case for an anti-nuclear 

policies. As opposition leader he 
failed in a valiant attempt to 
delete from the party's anti- 
nuclear policy the provision ban- 
ning nuclear-powered ships from 
entering New Zealand ports. The 
ban on nuclear-armed vessels was 
sufficient, he argued. Similarly, he 
made efforts to dissuade party 
conferences from passing resolu- 
tions in favour of withdrawal from 
Anzus, the defence alliance be- 
tween Australia, New Zealand and 
the United States. 

But now, as Lange pursues his 
anti-nuclear policies with some 
enthusiasm — even to the extent of 
criticizing Nato nations for their 
reliance on nuclear weapons — 
western diplomats in Wellington 
are wondering again about the 
time that the youthful Lange spent 
at die West London Methodist 
mission. Did be become a Soper- 
inspired pacifist-socialist then, or 

B ut what of David 
Lange's private views? A 
man with a mission, he 
reportedly believes it 
was no accident that he 
rose so quickly to the top. This is 
not to say, though, that he pursues 
life and his policies with a 
messianic zeaL In feet, he gives the 
impression of hugely enjoying 
himself The portly schoolboy 
who once used his wit and his 
debating skill to keep out of 
trouble now has a larger audience. 

Auckland. New Zealand. 

■KB& Graduates (LL BJ from 
the University of ' 

1987: Works fbr an insurance 
company and then a 
bank in London. 

1968: Marries Naomi 

Crampton and returns to 
New Zealand. Sets up 
legal practice in the 
small north island town 
of Kaikohe, before 
returning to Auckland. 
There he tutors at 

Auckland, in a by- 
election. Opposition 
spokesman on Justice. 
I979t Beefed deputy leader of 
toe Labour Party. 

1980b Fafls, bya single note, to 
wm elec ti o n aa Labour 
Party leader. ; 

1983; Elected party leader. 
1984: Wins snap election and 
. .. . forma the fourtbNew 
Zealand Labour 

1985: Government refuses 
penrfe sio nfor a vtekby 
the USS Buchanan, on 

Auckland University and 
completes an LL M . 

" ’ completes an LL M. 
Represents the under- 
privileged in Auckland 
courts, often without 

1977: wins the safe Labour 
Party-seat of Mangere, 

the grounds thstfeis 
nudear-capebte, so 

nuclear-capable, so 
precipita trig the Anzus 
row with Washington. 
.French agents blow up 
the Greenpeace protest 
ship Rainbow Warrior in 
Auckland harbour. 

PiEiili t® 1 



Sp 393 


Larger than life: New Zealand’s prime minister has been accused of being “a down and a buffoon* 

And while he remains a teetotal 

Methodist lay preacher. Lange is 
no prude. He will happily sip fruit 

no prude. He will happily sip fruit 
juice at functions while those' 
about him become tired and 
emotional. An exuberant humor- 
ist who can never resist a quip, he 
is criticized by his political oppo- 
nents for demeaning the office of 
prime minister. He has. been 

described as “a clown and a 
buffoon" by former prime minis- 
ter Sir Robert Muldoon. 

On a tour of Africa last year, 
Lange's one-linens about his wife 
- mostly concerning the penetrat- 
ing nature of her voice - raised the 
ire of feminists. When school 
teachers protesting about their pay 
intruded on him at a private 
function earlier this year, Lange 
told one of them to “piss off*. One 
irate mother said she was now 

having to correct her children fbr 
using prime-ministerial language. 

Then, after Foreign Office min- 
ister Lady Young had left his 
office after delivering further Brit- 
ish Government opposition to 
proposed anti-nuclear legislation, 
Lange observed to reporters: “She 
left her broomstick behind". 

But while his actions give the . 
impression of skittishness, and he 
is criticized fay some for lack of 
application and a short attention 

span, others profess to be in awe of 
his grasp of even the most 
complex issues. 

One colleague says he has the 
impression that Lange has coasted 
through life and has never, been 
fully extended. He rites the dra- 
matic role change during the 1984 
election when Lange was trans- 
formed from a bumbling politi- 
cian into a statesman, thoroughly 
beating Muldoon. 

Faced with a constitutional as' 

wdl as economic crisis when 
Muldoon initially declined to 
devalue the dollar for the incom- 
ing government, Lange defivered a 
television performance so devas- 
tating that key National Patty 
ministers met to consider reptac- 
ingSir Robert as leader. 

The prime minister has another 
attribute, one that has earned him 
the sobriquet “Lucky Lange**. 
Even what should have been a 
setback — the failure to win, by a 
single vote, the leadership of the 
Labour Party in 1981 — ercntnally 
turned to his advantage. In 1982 
he withdrew from the political 
arena for a stomach -stapling oper- 
ation. which reduced the size of 
his stomach by half 

As a result, he shed several 
stone, making a dramatic im- 
provement to his shape and 
image. He later said: “It was an 
important decision — otherwise 
Td be28 stone by now". His actual 
weight is known only to a select 
few. ... 

Politically, Lange eludes easy 
labelling. He combines support for ' 
right-wing economic policies with 
his campaign against nuclear 
weapons. He often prefers to speak 
in riddles and sweeping convolut- 
ed prose, rather than giving direct 
answers to questions. 

Wfthin his own party Lange has 
achieved ah informal trade-off 
delivering to some extent the 
foreign policy that die party 
activists desire by banning the 
visit of nuclear-armed and pow- 
ered ships.. In return the party has 

QT I w ua N «w »|JMp ii i miMI 



For and on behalf of the foremost UJL merchants 


rugs and runners — 

The inventory Indudes antique mga. sift ruga of various origins. Tribal and Nomadic rugs and many 
other unusual carpets and ruga from the East At present afl mercharxfea b stored in H.M. CUSTOMS 
BONDED WAREHOUSE, the goods offered for auction w# be removed from Bond (aH duties paid) to 


The London I n ternational Hotel, CronrweB Road, London SW5 OTH 
ON: SUN 8th June at 3pm. Viewing from 11am day of sale 

A apacW out of hand sale of rugs toft over from previous auettona wB be held at ox premises on: 
SAT 7th. and SUN 8th from 10am - 6pm. 

coittcata at 
Auctkman: BaHington 

T -T ' V: 1 ' ^ ^ 

On stormy nights, while the 
breakas pound the wide 
beaches of Biarritz on the 
south-west coast of France, 
many inhabitants close the 
curtains, reach for their 
phones and dial 01 - 28 - 62 , the 
number for the world's only 
“televideo dub”, an enterprise 
that offers each subscriber a 
choice of more than 2,000 
video cassettes which they 
then watch on their video- 

An estimated 1,500 Biarritz 
households already possess 
these table-top machines that 
incorporate a telephone, tele- 
vision screen and a movable 
video camera, all booked to an 
underground web of glass fibre 
cables that can carry 10 times 
as much information as a 
normal coaxial cable. 

A high 

The Candy 510. 

dose inspection. 

. . .. X- - '* 

Biarritz is a showpiece and a 
guinea-pig for France's latest, 
£3.87 billion government- 
sponsored telecommunica- 
tions plan. Started three years 
ago by President Mitterrand, 
it provides for the wiring of all 
major French towns and cities 
with fibre-optic cable by the 
end of the century. 

France has already estab- 
lished a leading position in 
several fields of advanced 
telecommunications, includ- 
ing digital switching equip- 
ment and electronic telephone 
directories, with its Minitel 
system. Now its engineers 
foresee the emergence of a 
powerful visual communica- 
tions system based on video- 
phones and fibiie-optic cables. 

Plans are complete for car 
bling the towns of Montpel- 
lier, Rennes and parts of Paris. 

Fashionable Biarritz 
is in the vanguard 
of a hi-tech passion 
for telephones that 
can see, among other 
modem miracles 

Japanese and 
Germans are also 
in the optics race 

By the end of 1988, 3. 1 million 
homes are expected to be 
connected to fibre-optic sys- 
tems. “Biarritz is a shop 


Th e Candy TC510 Automatic features.... 

• British made and fully guaranteed for 2 years inc parts and 
labour# Easy loading, quieter operation • Microfitter fora 
deaner wash • No water softener required • Pans and china 
k washed together safely • Why not buy on Cornett No Deposit 
*. Instant Credit; ask for details. *APR 313% 

window", said Guy Mondorge, 
a French Post Office tdecom- 

See Candy at Comet for a price lhafs dean amazing. 


or £10 monthly* 



a French Post Office telecom- 
munications engineer oversee- 
ing the project. “We have built 
the most advanced urban 
communications system in 

Jacques Chirac France's 
prime minister, has expressed 
general support for the cabling 
plan, although he wants pri- 
vate investors to take on more 
of the cost to reduce the 
pressure on the government's 
budget. Other countries are 
moving in the same direction, 
although none yet offer as 
complete a visual communi- 
cations system. One West 
German company is provid- 
ing fibre-optic transmission of 
telephone and television com- 
munication as well as data and 
graphics among Berlin, Dus- 
seklorC Hamburg, Hanover, 
Nuremberg and Stuttgart. In 
Japan. Nippon Telegraph and 
Telephone is installing its 
Information Network System 

switch to larger, screens else- 
where in their homes, or select 
one of six stereo radio sta- 
tions. Or they can plug into 
visual data banks and check 
train timetables and stock 
market prices. • 

Biarritz has several pay 
videophones in street kiosks, 
and the Banque National de 
Paris has installed a video- 
phone branch in the town 
centre where clients can speak 
to a hank officer in the main 
branch. Hospital doctors can i 
call up patients’ medical 
records and X-rays and sick 
children can follow classes in 
the local school at home. In 
the only experiment with vid- 
eophones outside Biarritz, 
children in the isolation wards 
at the Trousseau Pediatric 
Hospital in Paris follow les- 
sons in the hospital classroom, 
watch television and chat with 

Francois Germ, a senior 
French videocommunicarions 
engineer, stresses that visual 
telecommunications is an 
evolving medium. “Success 
depends on answering de- 
mands wfakh are not yet fully 
defined”, be said. 

Eventually, according to 


An occasional series on research: 

ROYAL INFLUENCE: The Prince of Wales 
said recently Oat, unless there is a regenera- 
. don of hidnMry and enterprise, “we are going to 
aid up as a fourth-rate country" — and most 
people agree with him. According to a MORI 
poU conducted fa Febniaiy and reported hi the 
JEiistra/ai LwuhmNcws,59per cent ef British 
people believe that this is likely to happen and only 36 per cent 
disagree. Interestingly, those who knew that it was Prince 
Charles who said it were ammo likely to agree than those who did 
not Older people and women were mist likely to be m fh wn rf d 
by the feet that tt was the Prince. 

The Illustrated Loudon News also asked MORI to measure 
the public's rating of the quality id different aspects of tile in 
Britain today. They found that the highest rating wasgxvea to 
science and technology (which 76 per cot rated “good”J and to 
health care (70 per cent “good”). Bottom of the poll, with only 
30 per centrating it “good” and SO per cent * f poor”, was govern- 
ment and admimstration, while architecture and planning had 
only a 36 per cent “good” rating. 

S HORED WITH LORDS?: Five months after 
the iktrodaction of tdevisioa broadcasting of 
the debates in the House of Lords, the IBA 
commissioned the Harris orgsuuzation to 
measure its impact on the pnblk. The results of 
the study suggest an interesting dichotomy. 
There are now more people ready to see the 
power of the House of Lords increased than there were at the 
outset. Yet the public are less keen to see farther (devising of 
the Lords and are more interested in debates in the Commons or 
even in cases in the law amrts. 

Cost should foil 
to about £500 
for each house 

allowing transmission of tele- 
phone services, data and 

In Biarritz, videophone 
owners are already able to see 
each other as they chat They 
can show one . another docu- 
ments, graphic designs, pic- 
tures and catalogues, in colour 
or in black and white. They 
can walk mound the room 
with the hand-held camera, 

They can dial into, the 
tele videodub, request a film 
and watch it on. their home 
screen. Or they can choose 
among 12 television channels 
(including SpanisfeSwiss and 
British, stations picked, tip 
from broa d ca sting satellites by 
a dish receiver) that they can 

government plans, Biarritz 
and the nearby towns of 
Anglet and Bayonne are to be 
transformed into a huge, per- 
manent exhibition of ad- 
vanced urban living, including 
the latest techniques in trie- 
communications, transporta- 
tion and energy conservation. 

- So far the French govern- 
ment has spent 'about £6.4 
million turning Biarritz into a 
showcase for French telecom- 
munications, picking up the , 
cost of installing the video- 
phones and charging home- 
owners only for calls. At 
present a- single videophone 
costs about £1,550 while the 
cost of bringing a house into 
the system is about £4,500. 

As the government’s cabling 
plan gathers speed, substantial 
economies of scale are expect- 
ed. Last year France's outgo- 
ing minister of poos and 
telecommunications, Louis 
Mexandreau, predicted that 
the cost of hooking up an : 

- individual house would fell to ; 
about £500 in a town of 
300.000 houses: 

Videophone users in Biar- 
ritz pay the same rental and 
user charges as for an ordinary 
^telephone, which means it is 
heavily subsidized. Watching 
a 90-minute film on video 
cassette costs, about 72 pence 
in videophone: charges plus a 
rental charge of about £2.50. 
French cinemas, in compari- 
son. charge between £1.90 and 
£3.80 for a seat 

GREEK TRAGEDY: Generally speaking, fife 
today is hell in Athens bat delightful in French ■ 
cities, according to a Eurodimsmvey of Greeks - 
and a Gallup survey of the French. While 82 : 
per cent of Grades said that life in Athens today 
is unpleasant and 84 per cent described it as a 
city of crisis, the majority of French people . 
living in Paris (79per cent), Marseilles (68 per cent) and Lyons - 
(87 per cent) said that they thought fife in their city today was . 
rather pleasant. The majority of the French described their ^ cit- 
ies as prosperity. 


Robert M. Worcester 

The author is Chairman of MORI. Details of fieldwork tiafae 
and sample sizes are reported in British Public Opinion 
Newsletter, published by the firm. 



8 Deliberation (13) 

9 Belonging u> ns (3). . 

10 Discoid pile (9) 

11 Nairaw(S) 

13 Long-term soldier (7) 
16 Sibilancy sign (7) 

19 Communion table 

22 Children servant (9) 

24 Baden- W unran burg 
Cny (3) 

25 Plymouth Colony 

founder (7.6) 

uuni uiaiiiai 
■ ■ ■ ■ 

iUBaHHu aaaaa 


1 Confront (6) 

2 Take off cover (6) 

3 Wandering musician 

4 Native carrier (6) 

5 Moist (4) 

6 In descent line (6) - 

7 Concealed gunman 

< 6 ) .. . 

12 Chop (3) 

14 Protector (g) 

15 Surprise-cry (3) 

16 Codujuls snack(6) 

17 Gloomily (6) 

Paul Lewis 

(QNaHi York TtaM, IMS 


1 Gotart 4 Mar 

•vS2ffl ? .A9P | P- 2 Kidnap 

Yucca 16 Pecan 11 Renew 
Scab 18 Uriah 26Ether 1 

18 Frightens (6) 
to Sensitive {6} . 

21 Saying (6) 

23 Deserve (4>.. 

7 X^ e 8 Nuthatch ! PGapont 23 
19 Newlywed 'MWcricfaeTM * 


allowed Labour’s reformist -fi- - 
nance minister Roger Douglas to 
proceed with measu re s which 
would have been unthinkable just 
a few years ago. when one party 
conference voted for a return to 
the serialization of the means of 
production^ distribution and 

S ince Labour ~ assumed 
power, 18 months ago, 
the New Zealand dollar 
has been devalued 20 per 
- - • most farm hwA ex- 
port subsidies have been removed 
and othera are bring phased oul 
Tariffs have been reduced. Regu- 
lations and controls wfaich have 
stifled the NZ economy have been 
removed and the dollar floated. 

- Now the government plans to ■ 
“corporatize” six of the big gov- 
ernment trading departments: the 
post office, riectririty, mines, 
lands, forests and civil aviation. 

- The changes have not been 
achieved without cosl Freed from 
controis.intere$i rates have soared ■ 
into the 20s. Land prices, without . 
the artificial ' stimulus of farm 
subsidies, have plummeted. A 
quarter of the country’s meat and 
wool formers cannot pay their - 

How do such policies match the 
views of a Soper-inspired social- 
ist? Lange argues that the econo- 
my has to be corrected before the 
benefits can- flow fully to the 
worker. It i» the pain before the 
reward. .. - : -- 

Richard Long 1 

s : s 


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Not with a Bang 
but a Hvoe 

The pursuit of Victorian values 


Tim Heald 


By Martin Cruz Smith 

Collins Harvi&f 10.95 

The building of the bomb is a 
captivating subject for the 
leading yarn-spumer, though 
most books on the Manhattan 
Prtyect purport to be non- 
fiction. Take the world’s lead- 
ing boffins, dump them on a 
mesa in the middle of New 

Mexico, and tell them to find a 

way of ending the war, and 
you have the stuff of a &t best- 
seller. Short balding Fermi 
(“Physicists called him the 
Pope"); the Hungarian Teller 
("bis eyebrows - rising like 
Ians") who sounds hike Denis 
Healey if he'd' read Physics; 
Niels Bohr; Klaus Fuchs with 
his "rimtess glasses" (you 
know he's no good once you 
learn about rimless glasses and 
his bland and pasty face); and 
above all the lean, beak-nosed* 
sunken-eyed “Oppy". I rather 
think - he’s a "brooding 
presence" though Mr Cruz 
Smith never quite says so. 

These are the men destined 
to change destiny itself! - 

Surrounding this polyglot 
think-tank are a whole lot of 
native Americans living in 
adobe pueblos dotted along - 
the Rio Grande. “You mean 
Indians" Fuchs said. "Those 
are the local people" Joe said. 
Their rituals are as old as time 
itselL and Joe is at one and the 
same time one of them , and 
one of us. He is Oppy's driver 
. and bodyguard, plays mean 
jazz, was a heavyweight box- 
ing champion, is amazing in 
bed, and represents what the 
blurb, naturally, calls "the 
collision of two cultures on the 
eve of a new world.” 

Mr Smith is well placed to 
write about this sort of colli- 
sion. being part Indian him- 
self but the end result is oddly 
flat Even now the juxtaposi- 
tion of Los Alamos and the 
Surrounding Indian country 
seems more complex and . 

bizarre than he managps to 

convey here. The true story' 
has been told as well elsewhere 
and, if you want the collision 
of two. cultures, I personally 
think you'd do jietter to get 
hold ofa.slim'vglume called 
The House at Oiowi Bridge by 
Peggy Pond Chmdipifo|idted . 
by the University of New 
Mexico Press. This is ' one J 
story which is simply too good 
to embellish; and Mr Smith’s 
fictiori pales, Tm afraid, bo- 
side the feels. Even so I was 
interested to learn that calves' 

Peter Ackroyd on 

Stfreiydear ^ & \ n “ a vast analysis 

Mr Hartland is . ex-Cam- ■ a. 

. bndge, Whitehall, KX and UA LUC 

Victorians in love 

Klaus Fuchs turns up in’ this 

book he has “rimless — — — - 


writes about him; but the 

"bland pasty fece" has been. • V ictona^to Freud, VoL 2 
replaced by^receding hair and fif rett G>y 

pale blue eyes". You feel this Oxford, £] 9 JO 

auihoT wouldn’t want to be 
too rude about die. wimpish 
little Kraut. Not British. By 

the same token Fm not sure be rTT^ he conventional image of the 

ought to attempt explicit sex I Victorian bourgeoisie is dis- 

scenes Eke theone on page 52. I tinctly unflattering : foe male 

The “twisting" and -A. of the species is commonly 

“plunging" and buttock grasp- considered to have been a Bluebeard 
tng simply don't zing true, at home and a TanufFe out of doors. 
He's too fastidious to cany it while the female languished in crino- 
oflf ■ ■ fhw» or matte ugjy things for the 

When it comes to succinct Christian Missions of BoniObooIa. 
clubland manipulations am- No oik even remotely connected with 
centring moles and sleepers he the middle-classes was supposed to 
is more assured, yet in the end know anything at all about sex; and 
I was disappointed in this, marriage itsenwas simply a covenant 
Whether or not (rid Jack designed for the maintenance of the 
Carteret was really a traitor all species. That is the theory, in 
those years ago no longer abbreviated form; and, hire most 
seems terribly interesting. Too theories, it is quite wrong, 
like the interminable real-life And now Peter Gay, a Professor of 

speculation about Roger Hoi- History from Yale University, has 
Hsl And I don't believe in a embarked on a massive enterprise to 
. man with a "smoking Redder dispel such self-satisfied prejudices; 
and Koch Machine pistol. " in a previous volume he explored 
Not outride Taunton. And Victorian sexuality in relentless de- 
jriease can we have a moratori- tail, and in this book be analyses the 
um on prefeces and post- nature of Victorian love. It came as a 
scripts telliiq; us that this is a surprise in the last volume to 
work of fiction except that, discover that Queen Victoria, appar- 
ahem, ahem, nudge, nudge— ' ently the high priestess of repression, 

• Tfc-BraJc, by Hie Nastase 

(W.H Allen £10.95). Mr ht. 

Nastase may know about ten- essentiany, that foe much despised 
mvbut he is sadly mom- -of foe last centmfra- 

a r? OU J joyed the same erotic aspirations, and 

5^s°ncof J wSahnost as "pennisrive^foeir 

S-*S 10 1 ?* Wo ? ien ** more "iiberated^mccessms. 
like buses. If you miss one, ... 

another wfil be along in a You might even be forgiven for 
quarter of an hour" He foinking, from Professor Gay's ac- 
compounds it by having the count, that foe whole of foe Nine- 
detective chappie dwfa his teenfo Century was obsessed with 
bod and say ''You are a sexuality in all of its aspects — 
philosopher, monsieur", certainly he seems to have' caught 
TypicalforeignersI most of the eminent Victorians, from 

. My first reaction to this Waiter Befool to Bavdock Ellis, in 
book - was one of kneejerk 

Johnsonian surprise at finding I^neteecfo-Centoy novelist did not 
it done at all; but on second 

glance it looks as if Nastv has caimot be assumed that there was nm 
Up—, hnvino inainiK Hnnr «iv an intense interest m what transpired 

behind in as Professor 

lauded, a sound of triumph, a isthemost important sentence 

gmK of passion in tbe of the book^ ft would be a gross 
^fenbflovU^or “foe main misreadrag of the bourgeois expen- 
§Sse was- boeuf bouigui- to- think that foe Nmeteentb- 

gnody redand succuIcuFTSex, CMtury bourgeoisie did not know, or 
drugs, booze, tennis, shooty- ^ 

The Bourgeois Experience 
Victoria^o Freud; VoL 2 

By Peter Gay 

T he conventional image of the 
Victmaan bourgeoisie is dis- 
tinctly unflattering : die 
of the species is commonly 
considered to have been a Bluebeard 
at home and a TanufFe out of doors, 
while the female languished in crino- 
line OT matte ngty thrng c fyf rh* 
Christian Missions of Bomoboola. 
No one even remotely connected with 
the middle-classes was supposed to 
know an^jfoiztt at all about sex; and 
marriage itseowas simply a covenant 
designed for the maintenance of the 
species. That is the theory, in 
abbreviated form; and, hire most 
theories, it is quite wrong. 

And now Peter Gay, a Professor of 
History from Yale University, has 
embarked on a massive enterprise to 
dispel such selfsafisfied prejudices; 
in a previous volume he explored 
Victorian sexuality in relentless de- 
tail, and in this book be analyses the 
nature of Victorian love. It came as a 
surprise in the last volume to 
discover that Queen Victoria, appar- 
ently the high priestess of repression, 

! boqght and drew male nudes; but the 
general thesis of The Tender Passion 
is even more subversive. It is, 
essentially, that the much Hwepif cri 
bourgeoisie of the last ce ntury en- 
joyed the same erotic aspirations, and 
were almost as "permissive", as then- 
more “liberated" successors. 

Yon might even be for g iven for 
thinking, from Professor Gay's ac- 
count, foal foe whole of foe Nine- 
teenth Century was obsessed with 
sexuality in all of its aspects — 
certainly he seems to have caught 
most of foe eminent Victorians, from 
Walter Bagehot to Havelock EDis, in 

however, and his reverence for Freud 
has gone safer that he quotes with en- 
thusiasm Diderot’s remark that. 
"There is a bit of testicle at the 
bottom of our most sublime senti- 
ments and most refined tenderness.” 
But fortunately be does not impose 
too heavy a weight of analytical 
theory on the already over-burdened 
Victorians : in any case I have never 
understood why, if work is consid- 
ered a sublimation of sex. sex should 
not sometimes be a sublimation of 

What foe book amounts to is a 
survey of love under pressure; foe 
eternal conflict between "freedom 
and control" is always being fought, 
but in foe Nineteenth Century the 
rules and even foe boundaries of that 
struggle were continually being rede- ; 
fined. There were striking changes in j 
medical science as well as in religious 
belief or social behaviour, for exam- j 
pie. and as rapid industrialization 
increasingly took its toll upon Eigh- 
teenth-Century ethical theories, so 
the relations between the sexes were 
gradually but permanently 




Peter Jones 

baiigs, _and some crunching 
cliches make for a pacy profes- 
sional debut Nortofre taken 
seriously, but perfectly good 
dirty fim. •• *- 

• The MarfeeQo Tower, by 
William Haggard ( Hodder & 

flagrante delicto. And just because the 
Nineteenth-Century novelist did sot 
presume to open the bedroom door, h 
cannot be assumed that there was not 
an intense interest in what transpired 
behind it as Professor Gay puts it, in 
what is the most important sentence 
of the book, "It would be a gross 
misreading of the bourgeois experi- 
ence to think that the Nineteenth- 
Century bourgeoisie did not know, or 
did not practice, or did hot enjoy, 
what they did not discuss.” In other 
words, the Victorians were not so 
“Victorian" after alL They did not go 
on marches, they did not attend 


** h* tofotHp 

group therapy sessions, they did not 
wear badges; but they did it, 


Of course a cultural survey of love 
is a most difficult enterprise under 
any circumstances. That precious 
commodity begins in foe mysterious 
stirrings of indrvidnal impulse, but at 
once is forced to make its way 
through a maze of sexual taboos, 
social conventions, and linguistic 
codes; as a result, love is at once 
unanalysable and thoroughly com- 
prehensible, a force outside history 
and an object embedded wi thin foe 
historical process. Professor Gay has 
dealt with this ambiguity in foe best 
way possible, and that is by grappling 
with it from both ends at once. He is a 

meticulous social historian at the 
same time as he manages to be a 
responsive and often very funny 
chronicler of individual human be- 
haviour. He has gone through old 
diaries , family papers, and private 
correspondence as well as the more 
solemn items between hard covers 
(his bibliography stretches to some 46 
pages) and if than are times when his 
narrative sounds like Freud’s Ccvtfi- 
sation and Its Discontents, there are 
also occasions when the author’s 
short and gossipy biographies might 
have been culled from Lola Montez’s 
Anecdotes of Love. 

Apparently his major purpose has 
been to inform historical research 
with psychoanalytical speculation. 

I n his previous volume Professor 
Gay proposed foe interesting 
theory that the domestic secrecy 
and priggish reticence of foe 
Victorian bourgeoisie were in feet 
ways of defending themselves against 
a rapidly changing world — and, in 
this study, it becomes clear that it was 
precisely within this well-protected 
and private space that love lad a 
chance to develop and to flourish. 
The book might even have borrowed 
Nancy Milford's title, The Pursuit of 
Love, since it was in foe last century 
that foe "definition oflove as a happy 
conjunction of excitement and 
tenderness" was finally evolved. 

The great virtue of The Tender 
Passion, therefore, is that it stays 
dose to its material and in the process 
shows up the self-indulgent fantasiz- 
ing of those who prattle on about 
"Victorian Values", whether in ap- 
proval or indignant dismissal. The 
Nineteenth Century had many het- 
erogeneous and inconsistent values, 
often competing within foe same 
family or even within foe same 
individual. But if there is a difference 
between the Victorian period and our 
own, it lies in the greater earnestness 
with which they debated these ques- 
tions of love and passion. They 
thought about the place of sexuality in 
fiction, for example, and they ago- 
nized over the relative demands of 
“art” and “social responsibility". If 
they were censors (more often than 
not, self-censors) it was out of 
principle: in our generation we may 
pride ourselves on accepting more, 
but we generally do so only from lack 
of prinaple. To read this book is to 
become painfully aware of the debt 
that we owe to our immediate 
ancestors, and of foe extent to which 
we have betrayed their inheritance. 

Savage saga of rape of America 

^ and flavoor «f 
Fact or fiction? 

nuts . 

Fact or fiction? 

• The Third Betrayal by 
Michael Hartland (Hodder ■£ 
Stoughton, £9.95). '‘Straight 
up?._a defector wno can finger 
Sonia?" And when Sr James 
agrees he _ doesn't just say 
“yes", he says “Exactly,, dear 
boy'*, and suggests they toddle 
round to foe club for a tincture 

Stoughton. £8J*5J. Nobody ^Genesis” the first part of 
UiKforEyn by J^Gsrir- what is evidently a ve£mH*- 

tkms trilogy, Memory oftfre, 
favourite, Willy Smith of the w Eduardo ftatemn « fesd- 
Security Executive, mid one dating, instructive, and a mas- 
much older on^ Bond— sivdy . prejudiced 
James Bond — bofo .from an coBratemrtkraofoiitrageaboat 

n! n nm T ipa Iv nf\ fhinlr rre a., a 13 • 

okl pro. I really do think ifs 
time Bond stuck his toes up. 
At least Willy represents a nod 
in the direction of reality. But 
if familiarity js your bag you'll 
fed thoroughly at home with 


. in this year’s 

literature Festival 



for an unpublished poem 
of up to fifty lines in English 

One hundred of the entries wfll be selected _• 
and published in the TLS of September 5, - 
along with a ballot sheet on which readers^ 
can send in their first, second and third 
choices. Meanwhile, the judges will make 
their own derision. ... 

the rape of the Americas, la 
which every Indian prospect 
pleases and only what is 
Emopean is vile. It is, never- 
theless, compelling, apparent- 
ly exhaustively researched, 
with a complete list of sources 
from which foe author has 
co nst r uct ed his own angry, 
often epigrammatic; vignettes 
of a savage continent, where 
greed and blood-tost met an 
inherent aptitude for cruelty. 

The first.pait of the bofo 
retells die Indian creation 
myths: lyrical, startling, and 
sometimes enchanting bat 
most of it dwells on the 
ferocity of conquest and foe 
corruption of innocence. While 
there is passing reference to 
foe inventive sacrificial, cus- 
toms of the native people, foe 
main thrust of Sr Gakano's 
wrath is directed at the rapac- 
ityof the congwistadons, foe 
evil bigotry of the Inquisition, 


Stnart Evans 

By Eduardo Galeano 
Quartet, £11.95 
By D.M. Thomas . 
GoUancz. £9.95 

and the exploitation of all 
manner of superstition. H, in 
their torn, the Cathofic 
Church and Charles V are 
lashed, Puritan settlers in tire 
North are hardly spared. 
While Cortes and the Pizzaro 
brothers are reviled, Hawkins, 
Drake, and Raleigh do not 
escape brief veaemons darts. 
Even Shakespeare qualifies 
for a passing, relatively mfid, 

The wlnde fictional agglom- 
eration (it is hardly a novel) is 
immensely interesting, in spite 
of Its nnretenting leftist 
haggery. What it ladts is foe 
-literary dfedptine and imagi- 
native vision brought to such 

Her most powerful novel yet 





U A Fanthorpe, . Blake Morrison, . 
Hugo Wiffiams, Alan Hoilingbuist (TLS); ; - 
Holly Eley (TLS). ' . - . i. / 

' prizes. v ; : - 

Readers' choices: £500 £250 £100 ' 

Judges'- choices: ■ £500 £250 ;£100 

RESULTS • -V :7V. 

Results will be published ;in the TLS -of 
October 3. Winners wifl be invited to read ' 
their poems at the Festival. 

For details and entry forms pleasesends.a.e. ; 
or International Reply Coupon to: Poetry 
Competition, . Town Hall, : Cheltenham, ... 
Gloucester- QL50 lQA,- £ndand. Goring 
date for entries is. August- 1 JP86.- . 

Organised ar part of the 1986 Cheltenham • 
festival of Literature* October 5—19. ; y 

themes by Mario Vargas 
Llosa or Gabriel Garda 

DJML Thomas apeara to be 
dedicated to cleverness. 
Sphinx does not demand ac- 
quaintance with his earlier 
novels, Ararat and Swallow, 
part of a quartet, but they 
enhance its meaning — if In- 
deed it has one. The prologue 
is written In verse; a an 
kfiosyncratk sonnet form, pre- 
sumably devised by Mr Thom- 
as, remarkable for 
ostentations rhyming that 
hints at the History perfor- 
mance about to follow. 

First, there is a television 
phy raoviiig in and out of time 
in a way that would have 
defied the talents of Bonnet It 
involves Mr Thomas’s Invent- 
ed characters and reconstruct- 
ed presentation of real people 
sneb as the 

producer /Impresario 
Meyerhold and various asso- 
ciates. The play, Isadora’s 
Scarf refers to tire garment 
that inadvertently strangled 
the eccentric danger and be- 
came (according to Mr Thom- 
as) a talis manic curse. 
Thereafter there is a painful 
exploration of the psyche of a 
journalist called Lloyd 
George, a Western liberal of 
squat stature with dandrnfC, 
who has somehow fallen upon 
foe text of the insidious play 
and becomes involved in a 
labyrinthine KGB conspiracy, 
i nvolv in g improvisators poets 
and inscrutable women, which 
in some way reflects Egyptian 

'Pushkin scholars will no 
doabt be rolling about at every 
torn as the author displays 
each new enigma with an 
elaborate facility for farce 
(and, indeed, improvisation). 
The final section, composed in 
the same patterns of highly 
contrived verse, explains 
something of what has been 
going on- The “troika" meta- 
phor is driven to the limit 
The publishers daim, as foe 

last Few pages seggest, that foe 
novd is alfaboutFreedom. So 
be it It is mightily ingenious, 
intricately woven, and mad- 
deningly smart-arsed. 





10-6 daily until 16 Jane 

U 3-119 Charing Croat Bead 
London WXLX 

Wimmin’s life in 
Ancient Rome 

In the last century, Roman 
women, unlike Greek ones, 
appeared even shockingly lib- 
erated: often mistresses of 
their own property, able to 
divorce their husbands at will 
(usually recovering their dow- 
ries), and often sexually scan- 
dalous. From today's point of 
view, things look rather differ- 
ent as Jane Gardner shows in 
this balanced and informative 
survey. Satirists like Juvenal, 
who lambasts upper-class 
women with pretensions to 
learning or a passion for 
gladiators, and even for fight- 
ing in foe arena themselves, 
are biased sources: Messalina 
was hardly typical. 

Evidence from foe Roman 
lawyers, and from inscriptions 
tell us more about the average 
woman, and show the limits 
on foe independence of alL 

Dr Gardner shows convinc- 
ingly how concern for foe 
interests of foe family and its 
property lies at the base of 
many of the legal provisions 
concerning women; limits on 
what a woman could inherit or 
bequeath, for example, aim to 
preserve foe property of the 
family she came from. 

A slave woman of course 
had no family, either legally 
or, too often, in practice: one 
girl m Egypt had been sold five 
times before she was fourteen, 
as the log-book that went with 
her attested. And a slave had 
no property, except by her 
master's courtesy; to a large 
extent she herself was proper- 
ty, and if she lost her virginity 
to a man outside her master's 
household, the latter could sue 
the former for damages. 

Nor, legally, was there much 
movement towards greater 
freedom over the centuries, 
though the power of the father 
was to some extent eroded in 
favour of that of the courts. 
The Emperor Augustus, in his 
concern for marriage and the 
birth-rate, freed women with 
three children from the neces- 
sity of having a tutor, and 
allowed them also to make 
wins; but be also tried to force 
them, or at feast the better-off 
among them, into marriage or 
remarriage by harsh penalties, 
and. not very successfully, to 
impose a puritanical morality, 
for example tv banishing 
them at the games to the 
segregated seats at the lack of 
the auditorium. 

Dr Gardner writes with 
clarity and touches of wiu her 
work is an antidote to the 
nonsense some proponents of 
women's studies have pro- 
duced bn ancient subjects, 
though she pan be pleasingly 
tart, as when noting that Sc 

Elizabeth Rawson 

By Jane F. Gardner 
Croom Helm, £22.50 

legal texts envisage wives 
stealing from their husbands 
but rarely foe reverse. Her 
language is seldom if ever 
forbiddingly technical (and 
she knows that what the law 
says people may do is not 
necessarily what they do). 

There are plenty of inciden- 
tal delights, such as the in- 1 
scription recording a a 
concession granted to four | 
women (clearly prostitutes 1 
from their fancy names) to run 

By Alice Thomas Ellis 

Duckworth £8.95 


as recorded by 
The Spectator 

edited by Charles Moore 
and Christopher Hawtree 

Michael Joseph. £14.95 

In a bad week. The Spectator 
is given over 10 politics. The 
home pages are heavy with the 
incense of Maggiolatry — they 
almost click as you turn 
them — while foreign contrib- 
utors unfold their thoughts on 
momentous Swedish cabinet 
reshuffles. In a good week, 
however, one has the impres- 
sion that all the contributors 
have gone slightly round the 
twist, and they take us delight- 
fully far away from the usual 
fly-blown political catsmeaL 
Besides, there wflj be Waugh’s 
brilliant wine bargains. Here is 
a good weekly at work — 
opening up worlds untouched 
by foe Daily Grind and giving 
us a bit of perspective. In 
furtherance whereof The 
Spectator should employ a 
historian: we could have He- 
rodotus on catching crocodiles 
and a storming book-review 
or two from Plato. 

But nothing else really mat- 
ters while there is still the 
novelist Alice Thomas Ellis’s 
“Home Life" column. She and 
Jeffrey Bernard (his “Low 
Life" column accompanies 
hers) can stand comparison 
with foe greatest double-acts 
of history — Moet et Chandon, 
Jennings and Darbisfaire, 
Hillard and Botting — though 
“Ellis and Bernard" do sound 
rather like a pair of !9thC. 

All Miss Ellis does is cast an 
incredulous and alarmingly 
frank eye over a world that 
seems congenitally incapable 
of behaving as any ordinary, 
sensible, unbiased housewife 
and mother would expea it to. 
Here she rails at a washing 
machine which: 

reminded me of a bulldog 
because of its reluctance to 
relinquish its contents. Often it 
would refuse to open, couching 
against the wall with a Cyclo- 
pean glare, its jaws damped 
tightly dim on one’s entire 
collection of night-dresses, 
towels, underwear, etc, while 
one pranced impotently about, 
clicking knobs and kicking it. 

Males occasionally intrude, 
but strictly in the rote to which 
males are best suited: as is all like this. It is the 
funniest anthology I have read 
in years, with only one serious 
lapse — Miss Ellis’s picture. 
Nota gin ora fog in sight. 

Intelligent selection gives 
foe somewhat solemn writing 
of 1936 a certain horrid 
fascination, as decent journal- 
ists straggle to make sense of 
Hitler, the Berlin Games, 
Franco, and foe abdication. 1 
preferred the leisure pages. 
"Janus", lamenting the 
railways' inability to deal with 
rush-hours, calls for a cure — 
nationalization; Rose 
Macaulay's delightful “Mar- 
ginal Comments" give us a 
sharp piece on a Mosley rally; 
Beverley Nichols’s No Place 
Like Home (reviewed by 
G. Greene) is pure Ellis - 
airborne, terrified, he asks the 
pilot “if be is sure about the 
laiL Is it on? Is h on straight?' 

A concerned Francis Gower 

a restaurant near a temple of earnesl , y advises youDgj 

Venus — one of the first 
known women's co-opera- 
tives, it is slyly suggested. And 
it is good to ibtow that if you 
murder your fiance’s father, it 
counts as parricide. 

house-bound wives to fight 
pettiness and superficiality by 
reading the paper and listen- 
ing to the radio. Fight them? 
Happy, innocent days! Any 
suggestions. Miss Ellis? 



“There is a test for a good 
spy story— is the plot 
credible and are the 
characters real people? 
Michael Hardand’s The 
Third Betrayal gets full 
marks on both counts. If 
somebody told me that it 
was all true, 1 would 
believe it.” Ted AUbe ury 

Hodder & Stoughton 

International intrigue, 
blackmail, treachery and 
violent death - a brilliant, 
chilling novel by the hi ghl y 
acclaimed author of Down 

Among The Dead Men* 

“A stunning display of 
diplomatic and undercover 
know-how, of S AS 
dare-devilry and global 

The Sunday Times 
Jot; £2.50 

: mm ^ 'hlWi* * Z . 

_ APV 
ed its 
m to 
1 Ben- 
PV at 

a total 
ires, or 



1 office 
l is cs- 
R RE- 
73p for 
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cr share 

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-- « siihW.* 






1 S s ™' rer a South African link in 
plans tor a national bank to be run 
by and for black people in Britain. 
Standard Chartered Bank, one of 
the groups connected with the 
planning of the new institution, 
which is due to open next year 
under the name of First Partner- 
ship Bank, owns 39 per cent of the 
Standard Bank of South Africa — 
one of that country's big two. The 
other is Barclays. Also involved in 
the venture are the Labour-con- 
trolled London boroughs of Hack- 
ney, Lambeth and Haringey, as 
well as the Department of the 
Environment and chartered acc- 
ountants Coopers and Ly brand. 
Standard Chartered is at pains to 
let me know that it was involved 
only at an early stage, during a 
feasibility study. 

Tam not out 

Government whips have arranged 
an all-night sitting tonight on the 
controversial Channel Tunnel 
project — effectively aborting La- 
bour MP Tam DalyeD's debate 
tomorrow on the conduct of the 
Prime Minister. DalyelL, who was 
granted the opportunity for the 
debate after winning a ballot last 
week, now intends to meet the 
manoeuvre with a ploy of his own, 
and has booked a committee room 
in the Commons for a news 
conference at which he will outline 
his main charges against Mrs 
Thatcher, centering on the Falk- 
lands war, the use of British bases 
for the US attack on Libya, and 
the Westland afair. 

• Mrs Thatcher's rhetoric at the 
Conservative women's conference 
in London yesterday was too much 
for two members of the audience. 
They fainted in their seats and had 
to be carried onL 

Royal fashion 

Prince Reza Pahlavi, claimant to 
the Peacock Throne, is to marry. 
Now living in America, the 
"Young Shah", as he is known to 
Iranian monarchists, has chosen 
17-year old Yasamin Etemad- 
Amini as his bride. Ever hopeful 
or returning to power, the prince 
says, as heirs to the throne are 
meant to: "Marriage and parent- 
hood will give me a greater sense 
of responsibility." Pretty enough 
to qualify for a part in Dynasty. 
Yasamin is a distant relation of 
the prince through his mother. 
Empress Farah. Fans wonder 
which will arrive first: the invita- 
tion to tea at Kensington Palace or 
the call for an audition at Lorimar. 


‘Neville says the pom quality of 
the transmission is matched 
only by Robby Robson's excuses’ 

Midnight oil 

Consolation for Alliance peers 
after the House of Lords' longest 
all-night sitting since the war alter 
government opposition in the 
Commons they have won a con- 
cession requiring British Gas to 
promote energy conservation 
among its customers. When the 
bill for private ownership was first 
considered in March, the Select 
Committee on Energy, in an 
unprecedented move, tabled a 
unanimous amendment to this 
effect, but government whips en- 
sured its defeat The campaign 
seemed lost until The Times 
printed an article by Andrew 
Warren, director of the Associ- 
ation for the Conservation of 
Eneigy, urging their Lordships to 
reintroduce the amendment The 
matter was raised in the Lords on 
Tuesday night and several Alli- 
ance and cross-bench peers, led by 
Lords Ezra and Seebohm. duly 
received a promise from the 
government deputy leader in the 
Lords, Lord Belstead, that such a 
duty would after all be imposed on 
British Gas. Well worth one 
sleepless night 

• A sigh of relief during the 
marathon sitting ram** at 3.45 am 
when an amendment r unning to 
8,000 words, and mclariing a 
highly technical mathematical for- 
mula for gas prices, drew only the 
words “not moved” from its pro- 
poser, Lord Stoddart of Swindon. 

Life sentences 

A new game. What would be your 
title for the hitherto unwritten 
biography of a famous person, late 
or extant? I ask because I have 
come up with a few of my own, 
which 1 am convinced you can 
better. My volume on Joan Col- 
lins would be called All The 
Resident Men ; my study of Ted 
Heath's years in office — unchari- 
tably — The Joy Of Failing; my 
work on Graham Greene would be 
^ Talent To Accuse and that on 
Simone de Beauvoir A Sort Of 
Wife. Over to you. 


Paige’s impossible task 

Victor Paige’s resignation after 
only 1 8 months as chairman of the 
NHS management board is being 
claimed by almost every sectional 
interest in the health service as 
justification for its views. 

Michael Meacher. Labour’s so- 
cial services spokesman, said it 
"must throw into doubt the whole 
managerial experiment in the 
National Health Service". Charles 
Kennedy, the SDP health spokes- 
man. said it showed that the 
managerial revolution resulting 
from the Griffiths report should 
have been run as a pilot scheme to 
start with. The health service 
unions argued that proper funding 
was needed rather than business 
management, while the Hospital 
Consultants and Specialists Ass- 
ociation. which believes that de- 
cisions had been taken out of its 
hands, said Paige’s resignation 
proved that the management sys- 
tem was breaking down. 

In reality the main effect of the 
resignation is to show the diffi- 
culties of managing a highly 
politically sensitive £18 billion 
service with almost one million 
employees. The management 
board has been caught between the 
pressures of ministers who are 
directly accountable to Parliament 
for every aspect of the service, the 
civil service, which runs the NHS 
but is not ultimately responsible, 
and from doctors, nurses and the 
unions, who have been deeply 
suspicious of such management 

In fact general management — 
outside the DHSS headquarters 
in south London — is beginning to 
progress despite teething troubles 
and some bad appointments. The 
change of focus away from hos- 
pitals towards the community, the 
introduction of more day surgery, 
shorter lengths of stay, financial 
discipline and the redistribution 

Nicholas Timmins on the need for 
a radically new approach if the health 
service is to be properly managed 

of cash to the poorer parts of the 
NHS means that tough and often 
unpalatable decisions have to be 
taken. For all the hardship this 
causes, the ability of management 
to enforce hard decisions rather 
than settle for postponement of 
problems that only worsen with 
time —witness the difficulties St 
Thomas's hospital in London is 
facing — is leading to decisions 
which are better in the long term, 
albeit unpopular. 

At the centre things have 
proved more difficult. Manage- 
ment inside the department is luce 
working in a political goldfish 
bowl. The board does not have the 
same anus-length relationship 
with ministers that the National 
Coal Board. British Steel and the 
BBC enjoy. Everyone has a stake 
in the NHS and the 17,000 letters 
from MPs each year and the 
thousands of parliamentary ques- 
tions with which ministers deal 
mean they are reluctant and 
perhaps politically unable to hand 
over true management control. 
Ministers are also subjected to 
pressure from the professional and 
trade union organizations on ev- 
ery issue that affects them. 

Ministers are unable to resist 
the getting involved in local rows 
over laundry contracts, the closure 
of small hospitals, nurses being 
given notice to quit residential 
accommodation that bealth 
authorities want to sell oft; and a 
host of other health service mat- 
ters. While regional and district 
health authorities are now given 

targets for the year in an annual 
review and called to account for 
their progress, the management 
board has no such freedom, and 
the division of its responsibilities 
from those of the civil service in 
the DHSS is still unclear. 

The board is unable to do 
anything without ministerial ap- 
proval. Norman Fowler, the So- 
cial Services Secretary, could not 
delegate sufficient power to Paige, 
and Paige was unable to wrest it 
from him and the dvfl service. 

Two examples of the friction 
between Fowler and Victor Paige 
stand out One is general 
managers' pay. The speed at which 
they were appointed led to huge 
disparities m salary. Managers 
who were former NHS 
administaiors were earning 
around £30,000, while outsiders 
were appointed at up to £45,000; 
one medical officer who became a 
manager earns around 
3,000. Paige wanted to offer high 
salaries to reward performance 
and also to attract outsiders, of 
whom only 86 have been ap- 
pointed out of a total of 750. 
Fowler was frightened of the 
political storm that could result 
after last year’s row over top 
salaries. A decision was held up 
for months. The circular pro- 
duced a fortnight ago does nothing 
to sort out the disparities. 

Or take the sale of nurses’ 
homes and other residential 
accommodation. Fowler, havi 
had the report for months, 
denly seized on that as a way of 



raising £170 million or more for 
the NHS at the height of the 
government's asset-selling, pri- 
vatizing, council-home selling 
drive. Health authorities were 
ordered to draw up plans for sales 
immediately. Fowler then realized 
that the inflexible plans could 
mean nurses being evicted, and he 
pledged that this would not Is 
pen. Health authorities were ti 
not to proceed with sales involv- 
ing notice to quit. The sell-off 
plans are in chaos. 

Victor Paige was unable to 
escape from the. restrictions im- 
posed by health ministers and get 
on with the job of managing the 
service. He lost favour with the 
Prime Minister. Issues the board 
would like to tackle, such as 
differential pay rates in different 
pans of the country, are regarded 
as politically sensitive and are 
likely to be postponed. Paige 
appears to have felt it was all too 
slow and too difficult and some 
ministers believe be achieved 

Despite his resignation an at- 
tempt to introduce general 
management of the NHS may still 
be made. Senior managers 
throughout the health service are 
impressed by the quality of the 
management board Paige helped 
to assemble. But either the 
management plan will have to be 
reassessed or a more charismatic 
chairman found who must be 
trusted to get on with the job. 
Since it took Fowler and Kenneth 
Clarke, then Minister of Health, 
months to find Paige, and since 
Paige was not their first choice and 
the experience has proved so 
unsatisfactory, it seems that a 
suitable replacement is not going 
to be easy to find. 

The author is social services 

correspondent of The Times. 

Gwynne Roberts on a significant switch in Kurdish rebel strategy 

Now Iraq 

fight on 
a second 

In northern Iraq, pro-Iranian 
Kurdish guerrillas have launched 
a new form of guerrilla warfare on 
the Iraqi army which is already 
having strategic implications for 
the Iran-Iraq conflict 

Until relatively recently, Kurd- 
ish rebels relied heavily on hit and 
run tactics, obliging the Iraqis to 
conduct a holding operation and 
avoiding confrontation when and 
where possible. Thanks to this 
tactic, the rebels managed to 
establish a “liberated” zone 
stretching from Iraq’s northern 
bolder with Iran to within a few 
miles of Zakho, a town near the 
Syrian and Turkish frontiers. In 
some areas, the territories ex- 
tended to a depth of 50 miles 

When I visited the region late 
last year the Iraqis were still 
holding on to the major towns and 
policing the main roads between 
them. But the army’s writ ex- 
tended just a few miles or so, and 
then the rebels took over. Civilian 
hostility towards the Iraqis was 
almost palpable, although Kurd- 
ish informers working with Iraqi 
military intelligence were causing 
the guerillas serious problems. 
Nevertheless, the Pesh Merga 

lerrillas (literally "those who 

ice death”) were able to visit 
villages in daylight, virtually 
within spitting distance of army 
positions. At night they seemed to 
have few problems in raiding 
inside the towns. 

Already Kurdish commanders 
were planning a change of strategy. 
Field guns were beginning to 
arrive m the Kurdistan moun- 
tains, brought in from Iran by 
mule, and they were building up 
an arsenal of shoulder-held SAM- 
7 missiles and a whole range of 
lightweight weaponry from 
Doshka machine guns to Hungar- 
ian-made Kalashnikovs. 

One of the Kurdish regional 
commanders, Sayeed Salah, 
briefed me on how the Pesh Merga 
would intensify their operations. 

Newly armed Pesh Merga guerrillas set off to attack a government position 

"We shall launch much larger 
attacks and overrun Iraqi bases,” 
he told me at a camp deep inside 
Iraqi Kurdistan. “We want to 
remove the Iraqis from along the 
roads, and attack those towns with 
big Iraqi garrisons. We intend 
dosing off the main roads and 
encircling the enemy. We are 
confident we can do this in the 
near future.” 

Sayeed Salah, a veteran com- 
mander of 25 years standing, 
belongs to the guerrilla army of 
Masoud Baizani, leader of the 
Kurdistan Democratic Party 
(KDP). This force is rapidly 
expanding as more weapons arrive 
from its main allies, Iran, Syria 
and Libya. Barzani already com- 
mands an army believed to be in 
excess of 10,000 men as well as a 
militia of double that figure. He 
also seems to be near a peace 
agreement with a rival guerrilla 
force, the Patriotic Union of 
Kurdistan (PUK), which could 
lead to a united front against the 
Iraqi army later this year. 

The change of strategy they bad 
told me about before Christmas 
became reality last month. A big 
force of Pesh Merga overran the 
district town of Mangesh north of 
Dohuk and captured 1,500 men, 
two tanks, six armoured personnel 
earners, artillery and anti-aircraft 
guns and large stocks of ammu- 
nition. In a desperate attempt to 
regain this important base, the 
Iraqis sent in a force of around 
6.000 troops, including the bri- 
gade of its elite presidential 

A group of foreign journalists 
subsequently flown into the area 
reported that the army seemed to 
be in control again, but the rebels 
dispute this. “They have misled 

journalists before, and they're 
doing it again”, said a guerrilla 
r epresentative. “These correspon- 
dents were told our forces were not 
in control of even one inch offraqi 
territory, which is plainly 

Whatever the truth of the 
matter, the Iraqis certainly see the 
Kurds as a serious threat. Last 
month, the Iraqi army, in an 
offensive involving 10,000 men, 
tried to split the guerrilla zones in 
two with a drive towards the 
Turkish border. The battle lasted 
five days, and Masoud Bazani 
claimed the Iraqis had been forced 
"to retreat in disarray”. 

The attack on Mangesh marked 
a serious turning point in the 
guerrilla campaign, which is in- 
tended to exert a stranglehold on 
some of Iraq’s most vital arter- 
ies— the highway linking the 
country to Turkey and, very dose 
to that, the oil pipeline which runs 
from the Kirkuk oilfields with the 
Turkish port of DortyoL More 
than half of Iraq’s oil exports — 
about 1.1 million barrels a day — 
are pumped along tbe pipeline. 
This is one of the most heavily 
guarded installations in Iraq, and 
the Kurds have managed to hit it 
only three times. 

The Iraqis have two brigade and 
four battalion bases in foe Dohuk 
region from which to control the 
road, tbe provincial capital and 
other towns. However, the 1 1th. 
Division, based at Zakho, has the 
specific task of protecting the 
pipeline. Should the Kurds cap- 
ture any other important town 
they will move with much greater 
frequency against the highway. 
Attacks on it no w are risky, but the 
Kurds say they have made at least 
six in the last few months. 

Villages to the east of the 
highway are Kurdish, but on the 
western side Arab farmers have 
been moved in. They are well 
armed and help to guard both the 
road and the pipeline. 

The conventional wisdom is 
that fear of Turkish reprisals —the 
Turkish army is said to have 
30,000 men force along die border 
with Iraq — has prevented the 
Pesh Meiga from striking at the 
pipeline more frequently, but tbe 
main reason is dearly a military 

Buried underground and pro- 
tected every few hundred yards by 
fortified positions, it is a difficult 
target. An army division is de- 
ployed along the pipeline sup- 
ported by various irregular units. 
It is patrolled by dogs and 
protected by electronic sensors. 

"When we send a force to attack 
it, we don't expect them to 
return,” admitted Masoud Bazani. 
Soon, though, with heavy artillery 
already in place, the Kurds maybe 
able to shell the pumping stations 
and stop the flow of oil for months 
at a time. That, should it come 
about, could have a dramatic 
effect on Iraq's capacity to main- 
tain the war with Iran. 

© Timm Nawapapn, 1988. 


A whisper stirs at Westminster 
that the Channel Tunnel is begin- 
ning to look more like a national 
albatross than an asset and that its 
implications for employment, 
trade and taxpayers’ money will be 
much more profound — and ad- 
verse — than the promoters' 
glossy advertising or the gov- 
ernment’s slender White Paper 
have admitted. 

It is a widespread fallacy that 
the Chunnel will boost employ- 
ment It is fair for tbe Channel 
Tunnel Group to claim that there 
will be a temporary increase in 
jobs of around 5,000 at the peak of 
tbe construction period, but as a 
pamphlet by tbe Cbnservative 
Selsdon Group dearly dem- 
onstrates, all the excited talk of 
40,000 new jobs during construc- 
tion is hogwash. As for permanent 
employment even tbe White Pa- 
per admits that there will be a net 
loss of 6.000 jobs in Dover and 
Folkestone, 'the two nearest ferry 
ports — by far the most sanguine 

Stockbroker Phillips and Drew 
calculates that the Chunnel mil 
force a “bloodbath" of ferry 
dosures, not just at the Channel 
ports but as far away as Hull, 
Immingham, Great Yarmouth, 
Ipswich, Felixstowe, Poole, Wey- 
mouth and Plymouth, with job 
losses of around 30,000. Against 
all this potential havoc the 

Jonathan Aitken marshalls the argnments 
against government wishful thinking 

Chunnel promises to create 
merely 3,800 permanent jobs at 
the exit/enuy area at Chenion. 

The Selsdon Group pamphlet 
also demonstrates. In great detail, 
what the cost will be to the public 
purse. To take only one small 
example, the Department of 
Transport is to acquire com- 
pulsorily land for the 14-mile 
stretch of the M 20 between 
Maidstone and Ashford not yet 
built. This, it is thought, will cost 
£60 million. 

Although they have been tbe 
most vocal critics, tbe ports are 
only part of a much wider 
problem. Tbe fundamental flaw in 
tbe Chunnel is that it gives 
massive trade advantages to the 
French, who are preparing to cash 
in on the bonanza with vigorous 
enthusiasm. The French govern- 
ment plans a plethora of 
Eldorado-style grants and in- 
centives in the Calais region. 

On a revenue basis, 72 per cent 
of cross-channel ferry transporta- 
tion is handled by British compa- 
nies (Townsend Thomsen, Sally, 
British Ferries, and Hoverspced); 
the rest is controlled by SNCF of 
France (12 per cent) and RMT of 
Belgium (16 per cent). Clearly 

Britain needs access to Europe, 
rather than Europe to Britain. 
Seventy per cent of tbe cross- 
channel cars, passengers, and 
coaches are British. The majority 
of freight is transported in British 
lorries. Much of the revenue these 
enterprises bring to Britain will be 
lost the day tbe Chunnel opens, for 
the concession agreement pro- 
vides that 50 per cent of hs 
revenues and profits go to France. 

In addition to this instant 
windfall, the French are - im- 
plementing an extraordinarily 
aggressive state-financed develop- 
ment programme of new roads, 
rail links, and harbour improve- 
ments in the Channel area. These 
are dearly aimed at capturing the 
lion's share of British import 
trade. Manufactured goods im- 
ported into Britain now enter 
directly through British ports, but 
in future they could be unloaded 
In France and transhipped 
through the tunnel. Tbe British 
Ports Association fears that 40 per 
cent of British traffic could be lost 
in this way. 

Perhaps the person with most 
cause to worry is tbe Chancellor of 
tbe Exchequer jn 1993. His prede- 
cessors will have spent nearly 

£1 billion of public money on 
road and rail to support a private 
commercial project Who dares 
still claim that the Channel is 
exdusively privately financed, 
when it will cost British Rail 
£400 million for new rolling stock 
alone? It wfll be in the 1990s that 
the real costs will have to be paid. 
The less of taxable profits to the 
Exchequer which would have been 
paid by the ferry companies 
during the lifetime of the con- 
cession has been calculated at 
£2-5 billion. Add to that trade 
losses, foreign exchange earnings 
losses, unemployment benefit in 
ferry towns and shipyards and tbe 
cost must at least double. 

The Chunnel is a project in 
which hasty evaluation has pro- 
duced a bad result and short-term 
private profit has triumphed over 
long-term public interest. But all is 
not lost- It is a political project and 
it will live or die through politics: 
At least a year of parliamentary in- 
fighting lies ahead, and to judge by 
the unexpected pitfalls thebiH has 
encountered so far, ft can survive 
only if substantially amended. 

The Kentish interests werethe 
first to sound the alarm bells over 
this bill, but they will not be foe 
last. Hie parliamentary voyage of 
tbe Channel Tunnel Bill is going to 
be long and hazardous. - 
The author Us Conservative MP for 
Thanel South. 

Ronald Butt 

Kinnock out to 

Neil Kinnock has been talking to 
the people of India in India. He 
has promised to repeal the Im- 
migration and Nationality Acts of 
1971 and 1981, and to replace 
them by a law which is ”non- 
discri minatory” and "non-radar" , 
a clear statement to his foreign 
audience that he thinks "tbs-, 
criminatory” and "radal” are 
proper desorptions of the law as it 
stands — though tbe European 
Court of Human Rights has' 
pronounced to the contrary. 

This undertaking virtually re- 
peats what Kinnock has said 
before in equally vague terms, but 
the context in which be repeated it 
gives ft new significance. The only 
rational purpose of changing the 
law is to enable the number of 
people already coming here from 
the Indian sub-continent to in- 
crease. Those who press for it 
would not waste their time if they 
did not see a need for this. 

Kinnock, however, is reported. 
to have said that he does not think 
there would be a rush of applicant 
passport-holders. If what bothers 
him is foe principle of tbe matter, 
namely repealing a bad racist law, 
it should not matter to him if there 
were a rash, even a large one. Yet 
if he does have any worry about 
the numerical consequences, there 
is one way be might satisfy those 
who are obsessed with “race” but 
without any ride of increasing 
□umbers. What bothers them is 
tha t the patrial provisions of the 
1971 Act give a greater right of 
entry and citizenship to people 
with pad family connections here 
than to those without them. 

By the facts of history, these are 
mostly, but certainly not exclu- 
sively, people from the . okl 
Commonwealth. This is said to 
constitute racism. Kinnock could 
therefore perhaps satisfy the tortu- 
ous thinking of the racially ob- 
sessed by repealing the [resent 
patrial provisions with their kin- 
ship rights. But that would still not 
fblnl his humanitarian wish to 
satisfy those who wish to enable 
the n amber of immigrants from 
foe sub-continent to rise. Though 
theory is their battleground, their 
interest is severely practicaL 

Nor would it strike most people 
as fair to remove foe patrial rights 
which mainl y benefit old Com- 
monwealth people. For these 
rights are only possible (all law 
being based on feasibility) because 
there is no risk of a a flow of ever- 
extending families from (say) New 
Zealand coming here simply to 
benefit their material circum- 

If New Zealanders settle here it 
is usually with a wish to be 
assimilated, and they, and their 
families, quickly are But this does 
not seem to be foe aspiration of a 
good many Asian immigrants, 
including those still brought in as 
bridegrooms specifically to main- 
tain the cultural separateness of 
their community. 

Which brings us to another 
proposal Labour is said to be 
considering; the repeal of the so- 
called primary purpose rule under 
which would-be spouses for settle- 
ment must prove that their pri- 
mary purpose is not simply to get 
into Britain. Most people see this 
as fair. They do not want to keep 
apart people who are in love. But 
they do not care much for the 
arrangement whereby the custom 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

In Moscow’s 
golden thrall 

There comes a time in eveiy 
World Cup when your team is 
knocked out and you start think- 
ing about transferrring your alle- 
giance to another side, if only to 
seep your interest in the com- 
petition alive. Assuming you had 
any interest in the first place, of 
course. Now, it is just possible that 
England, after fosmg their opening 
match, may not get through to tbe 
next round, in which case a lot of 
Englishmen will be wondering 
who to wave their scarves at next 
But just how do you deride which 
foreign country to be patriotic for? 

My experience may be of some 
help here, as my side has already 
been knocked out of the World 
Cup. Although most of the blood 
in my veins is Engl ish, I grew up in 
North Wales, near Wrexham, and 
out of some naive desire not to 
seem too foreign I started to 
support Welsh teams at an early 
age. It grew to be a lifelong habit. 
When it came to rugby it was quite 
easy, but supporting the Welsh 
national football team has been an 
altogether more painful business. 
The occasional triumph has not 
compensated for the frequent 
humiliation or humdrum draw. 

What has made it worse is that 
Wales has a habit of leaping to the 

„ qualify 

narrowest of mar gins Usually 
they have been helped out of the 
World Cup by Scotland scram- 
bling an undeserved victory; in 
fact, four years ago Wales were 
knocked out by Scotland cheating 
their way to undeserved victory — 
a Scottish player handled in the 
penalty area, the referee thought ft 
was a Welshman, and I am still 
waiting for the Scot to own up. 

With Wales knocked out of the 
Cup by Scotland again this year, I 
have si>ent the last few months 
wondering to whom I should give 
the doubtful honour of my sup- 
port. Not to Scotland, of course; 
that’s a bit like asking Hamlet to 
be Claudius's No 1 fan. Nor 'to 
England; although ft is~my own 

country, all those years of support- 

' t: . ■■ i 

ing Wales has bitten deep and I 
can't help seeing England as a 
worthy, plodding team with none 
of those romantic, underdog, fufl- 
bloodedly stirring attributes which 
' make Wales worth supporting. 

I watched England being beaten 
by Portugal the other night, and I 
cannot say that my pulse rate 
changed much during the match — 
indeed, there was a suspicion of 
pleasure at seeing foe old enemy 
being beaten. What I need is a rip- 
roaring. swashb uckling nam 
believes in attack and a bit of 
poetry, rather than prosaic szolid- 
. ity, which is why I find myself 
wavering towards Brazil and 

One of the wonders of tbe 
modern age is that. Brazil have not 
only shown the most individual 
flair, they have also been die most 
successful side — a rare example 
of the good guys winning. And in 
recent years France have done tbe 
same on the European even 
though they so cruelly fell at the 
last hurdle in -the last World Cup. 

So it has come as a great shock 
to see both these t«nw looking so 
fackadaisical in Mexico, and to 
find the banner of bright football 
beiim waved by, of all countries, 
the Soviet Union. If the Russians 
can repeat the nature of that 6-0 
victory over Hungary once or 
twice 1 shall seriously think about 
sitting in front of my TV waring a 
hammer and sickle. The great 
thing about having your t«im 
knocked out so' early on is that 
thenceforth you can switch and 
change allegiance at will, as any 
English. supporter at Wimbledon 
must know. 

Meanwhile, onething l ran look 
forward to next season is seeing 
my team playing in Europe, if 
there's one thing .more painful 
titan backing Wales, ft is support- 
ing Wrexham, but this season they 
a mazingl y won the- final of the 
Welsh Qm against none other 
than Kidderminster United and 
are now. into the Cup Winners 
Cup. There are ‘ no English 
supporters with anything life font 
to look forward to. . . . 

> 3 : 

of the land in such matter? is set 
aside in the interests of arranged 
marriages which impede integra- 
tion by enhancing t he separateness 
and size of ti® Asian commu- 
nities. Scrapping ' foe flimsy 
protection against s&ose- would 
certainly -cause anger. - 

Perhaps, however, that is not 
what Kinnock intends, in which 
case he should say sa For bis 
remarks have been heard here, 
and they illustrate again how 
extraordinary insensitive Labour 
is to the public it wishes to attract. 
A sympathetic leading a aide is 
the Guardian this week opined 
that provided the' "numbers 
game” and i m m i grant labour 
questions were not revived^ "there 
could be electoral gains (for 
Kinnock) among Asian voters, not 
losses among white: ones.” I 

The Guardian also thinks, 
scathingly, that the Tories win be 
tempted "to play tbe race and 
immigration can!”, s things get 
tough for them nearer the election. 
On the contrary, it is the Tories 
who have damped the whole issue 
down and Kinnock who » reviv- 
ing iL It wiD be the electors who 
will play that card if anyone does; 
they are not deaf to what Kinnock 
says and they are entitled to take a 
view of ft. 

Their overriding priority isthat 
nothing should worsen tire social 
problems we already have with 
our divided communities;, that 
there should be time for 
consolidation and integration. 
Everyone knows tbe difficulties in 
our inner cities now; after the 
nation had proved its basic noo- 
racism by accepting^ mfifiomr so 
newcomers, some of os saw this' 
trouble /arming as the commu- 
nities in some areas became 
unbalanced. But to predict that 
possibility at that tune simply 
incurred the charge of sdftblfiU- 
ing prophecy. 

In the prevailing mafia dSmmtm 
of the 1960s and eariyrTOs "rate” 
was hdd to be the oveF-ridmg 
moral issue and any anxieties 
expressed either about projected 
immigration statistics or the fotial 
consequences were angrily , dis- 
missed (with contrary statistics) as 

If at that time I had predicted 
that in the 1980s a Bradford 
headmaster would be ousted from 
his job for daring to voice opin- 
ions opposed by the local Asian 
community, or that a young 
Bristol teacher who had married a 
West Indian would be accused of 
racism largely because he insisted 
on leaching English as a second 
language, or that there would be 
racial attacks against people of aU 
communities, including whites, or 
that the Labour Party would be 
riven over black sections (and left- 
winger. -Jo Richardson called a 
racist for daring to be .a while 
diairmg Labour’s Blade and Asian 
Advisory CornmitteeX I should 
have been called a racist simply 
for foe predictions. Yet aU these 
things have happened. It is 
Kinnock’s duty not to make 
matters worse. 


Mr Safiler Aflatlrna. quoted by 
Ronald Button May 1. is head of foe 
Support Service for I-anguagc and 
In tercul rural Education in Berk- 
shire. A paper by him was available 
at tbe training day referred to, but he 
was not present. ' 

P ; 


* : r~. 

... , 

i. ' 


£' I' 





i V 





1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 



•' ; ; 

■* -r~z 

"T av;: 

>■ J 

; The loyalist marchers are at 
H most on the streets of North- 
em Ireland, their arrival 
i preceded by the preliminary 
verbal skirmishes over routes 
*■ and policing. Mr Tom King 
l has confirmed that the Assem- 

' bly at Storinom win very likely 
be denied a new lease, of life, 
dashing any lin gering hopes 
that devolutionary srhemp s- 
can be 1 made to work in the 
foreseeable future. In the back- 
ground there is a tide of, 
opinion in favour . of 
“integrationist” solutions run- 
ning 'inside the unionist 

The recent, relative quiet in 
Northern Ireland should not 
disguise the . feet that the 
Hillsborough agreement is 
about to race an important 
test The Government requires 
resolve to resist the ever-.' 
present temptations to boy off 
the threat of force with con- 
cessions which would other- 
wise not be offered: 

In the autumn, the Govern- 
ment win ■ again find itself 
talking to unionist politicians 
who will require reassurance 
that the Hillsborough agree- 
ment does not alter their 
existing position inside the 
United Kingdom. Some of 
that reassurance may flow 
from the simple passage of 
time establishing that the 
treaty has not altered the . 
constitution by sleight of hand. 
More might be added if the 
governments can bring them- 
selves to reveal more of the 
benefits of security coopera- 
tion than they hav&ih the past • 

The word “integration” can 
cover a multitude of meanings. 
Its advocates suggest that the 
present minimal scrutiny of. 
legislation affecting the prov- 
ince can- be improved, that 
normal local government pow- 
ere could be returned to local 
authorities and even that 
mainland political parties ' 
should contest elections there - 

in short it aims to make 
Northern Ireland more similar 
in constitutional' status to 
Wales and Scotland, using the 
attractive slogan of ""equality 

of citizen stop”. 

. What integratiomsts do not. 
often recommend abolishing is 
the key piece of legislation 
which distinguishes Ulster 

dosed developments which 
can be construed as integra- 
tionist (notably increasing the 
allocation of Ulster seats at 
.Westminster.) But direct rule 
has .also had the power to 
explore the avenues for politi- 
cal progress, to hold elections 
under PR and break the 
Government's own rules on 

from other, pans of the United . . public money for social pro- 
Kiugdonr that providing for vision, particularly of housing. 

the constitutional status of the 
province to be locally deter- 
mined. With that safeguard 
-gone, unionists would be 
more, and not less, vulnerable 
to the opinions of the rest of 
' the/ United Kingdom elec- 
torate. At -the moment those 
do not seenr -particularly 
. sympathetic tip a union which 
needs to be defended by 
violence against the police. 

The heart of the problem 
faced by any British govern- 
ment in Northern Ireland lies 
in the existence of an armed 
conspiracy which aims to ex- 
pel it. The ; most powerful 
argument against integration is 

that it would make, not the which has wrecked so many 

faintest difference to the 
government's efforts to defeat 
this threat In the short term at 
least, any pronounced shift 
. towards integration would be 
likely to trigger off a revived 
campaign by the Provisional 
IRA and to recruit more votes 
- to its political arm, Sinn Fein, 
from nationalists who would 
see their constitutional repre- 
. sen ta lives -discredited. It 
would- throw away the accu- 
mulated benefits of a progress 
sive improvement m relations 
across the border, particularly 
over security, which has been 
further enhanced by 
.Hillsborough. Any shift in 
favour of unionist concerns 
which destroy ed that would be 
too high a price for malting the 
agreement more acceptable. 

Those changes have mainly 
taken place under direct rule 
: which has sometimes sahe- 

i initiatives in the past: no 
changes would be worth mak- 
ing if they allow anti-agree- 
ment unionists to obstruct 
There is room for extending 
facilities for scrutiny of legisla- 
tion affecting Northern Ireland 
— provided it does not allow 
full-scale parliamentary 
wrecking tactics against the 
agreement For instance, if it 
would win over some unionist 
opinion, any Secretary of State 
contemplating indefinite di- 
rect rule should be ready to 
create advisory bodies which 
would make dedsion-making 
more accountable and acces- 
sible The price of some delay 
to government business is 
worth paying, and the more 
closely .any such body can be 
aligned with the business of 
the intergovernmental con- 
ference, the better. 


Mr Victor FaigeVittsignafton '/ replaced, as -quickly as prac- 
as chairman of the" National ticable. - 

5 i ' 





Health. Service board of: 
management is a matter, for 
regret but not for lamentation..' 
From the Government's point 
of view it is a distraction at a 
time when it is attempting to 
convince a sceptical public of 
its support for the health 
service. For the Secretary of 
State for Social Services and. 
the Paymaster-General (Mr 
Kenneth Clarke; the former 
Health Minister), it is a per- 
sonal blow which inevitably 
raises doubts about the wis- 
dom of their choice of Mr 
Paige two years ago. 

For the doctors and nurses 
who are on the receiving end of 
the new -managerialism, the 
grand reforms resulting from 
the Griffiths report are once 
again thrown into uncertainty. 
The patients, voters, NHS 
consumers who are usually the 
last to appreciate the im- 
portance of management, but 
the first to complain about 
shortfalls in provision, deserve 
a strong restatement of the 
purpose ' of managerial 
reorganization. A - central 
board and a strong its 
hub exist not to save money, 
but to improve the delivery of 
medical care to them. For their 
sake Mr Paige should be 

Those are the reasons- for 
regret That regret should be 
. restrained, however, because it 
begins to look as ifMr Paige, 
an able and enterprising 
businessman, was not the right 
man for this particular job. His 
letter of resignation appears to 
imply that a dean-out project 
of management has been ham- 
pered by interfering bureau- 
crats and callow politicians. 
This is a naive view. Public 
services paid for out of tax? 
ation cannot escape the atten- 
tion of MPs acting as conduits' 
for constituent complaints. As 
long as ministers must account 
to Parliament for their 
stewardship of: public money, 
they will wish to intervene in 
decisions about resource . 
allocation and administration. 
Regional and district authori- 
ties within the NHS are 
equally forums for political 
discussion and statements of 

Mr Paige wanted greater 
autonomy than the political 
- facts of Hie allowed. Equally, 
however, a more comfortably 
suited performer might , have 
created space fin himself by 
accepting that mangement in 
the public services is inher- 

• : ently a political activity: in 
jother words, something dif- j 
fereritfrom management in 
the private sector. 

The job description for Mr 
Paige's successor is thus 
demanding and long. The 
quest for greater effectiveness 
in the spending of money 
within the NHS must go on; it 
stands outside the large ques- 
tion of the NHS budget. It 
would certainly be easier to 
secure changes in work prac- 
tice among medical personnel 
and redistribution of resources 
if total outlays were growing at 
: a fester rate. It certainly is not 
conducive to doctors’ and 
nurses* morale if they believe 
they are being managed for the 
sake of marginal savings. 

The chairman of the NHS 
7 manag emen t board is a cyno- 
sure for all maimer of interest 
groups most of which want 
extra money and the mainte- 
nance of the status quo. Few 
. understand that better than the 
author of the reform plan that 
Mr Paige was, supposed to 
begin to implement (and 
which is successfully being put 
into action). The Government 
is entitled , strenuously to ask 
Sir Roy Griffiths if he will not 
return to complete the task he 
began in 1982. 



Police powers and hippy convoy 

It is direct rule which has, for 
some years now, been the only 
form of government which 
does not arouse the disabling 
hostility of at least some 
section of the community. 
With hopes of devolution 
fading, the Government seems 
to have embarked on an 
extended period of direct rule. 

It would only be justified in 
taking any small “ integ- 
rate onist" step once the sum- 
mer is over and if it helps 
direct rule acquire a far higher 
degree of consent The Hills- 
borough agreement was de- 
signed to withstand the 
Operation of the local veto 

states to ensure “the safe and 
danger-free development of 
nuclear energy” this is quite a 

If Moscow now recognizes 
the primacy of : safety in 
developing nuclearpower, that 
is to the good But if it is 
merely a gesture 1 towauds- 
-■ world opinion and brings no 
benefit to the Soviet people, 
Moscow's good feith will be in 

Questionable too. must be 
the Soviet leader's -un- 
characteristic admission that 
Moscow has “no ready 
prescriptions” for the nuclear 
safety system if is proposing. 
The deliberate avoidance of 
ideological prescriptions, 
rarely evident in Soviet official 
documents, would be wholly 
laudable were it not for the 
conditions and" caveats the 
Soviet leadership so often 
inserts into the small .print 

The Soviet leader’s letter to the 
UN Secretary General outlin- 
ing his proposals for an inter- 
national system for nuclear 
safety is welcome confirma- 
tion that the Soviet Union 
remains as serious in wanting 
to participate in such a system 
as It was two weeks after 
ChemobyL The specifics of Mr 
Gorbachov's proposals — so 
far as they are known — are 
equally welcome. 

They would provide for the 
establishment of international 
■ machinery, possibly under the 
auspices of. the International, 

Atomic Energy Authority and 
the World Health Organiza- 
tion, to supply immediate 
assistance in a nuclear emer- 
gency. They also recommend 
international co-operation in 
combating the effects of a 
nuclear accident on the terri- 
tory of all the states affected, 
and the fixing of an inter- 
nationally recognized scale of Again, the proof of Moscow's 
admissible radiation levels. good intentions will be its 
... . union willingness to sign an inter- 

Hntertothe&mlftMB ^ igrtenu: ni 

has been “ acceptable to a// . states ■ in- 

advocate of nu( j^ ba re ]y "volved in developing nuclear 

safety as- 

Officialiy, it 

acknowledged the 
peel so dominant in dis- 
cussions about nuclear power 
in the;- West. So when Mr 
Gorbachov talks, as he does in 
his Tetter, about foe “universal 
international obligation of ail 


But the greatest scepticism 
arising from Mr Gorbachov’s 
proposals comes in connection 
with his- stated priority? • the 
introduction of a system of 
prompt notification of a radi- 

ation leak. For it was in the 
matter of notification that the 
Soviet response to the accident 
at Chernobyl was most lamen- 
tably deficient 

Whatever measures were 
taken at the site to minimize 
the damage, whatever mea- 
sures were subsequently taken 
to evacuate the population 
from the danger zone and 
whatever arrangements were 
made to monitor radiation 
levels in food and water in 
affected areas, the feet is that it 
took Moscow three days to tell 
neighbouring countries that 
there had been a nuclear 
accident at all. 

That delay may be explained 
by Soviet reluctance to admit 
to a disaster of this kind, with 
all the adverse publicity it was 
bound to bring. It may be 
explained, ‘ as the. Soviet 
authorities have suggested, by 
the reluctance of local officials 
to divulge the- scale of the 
accident or even to recognize 
its seriousness. And it may be ' 
explained by the clumsiness of 
Soviet hureaucratic and 
communications procedures. 
Bui until problems like these 
have been solved — problems 
which are endemic in the 
Soviet system *- the! value of 
Mr Gorbachov's signature on 
• an imemationaT nudear safety 
agreement miist .be in ques- 

From Police Sergeant A. Flynn 
Sir, The comment made by 
Superintendent Coggan of Avon 
and Somerset Police (report. May 
28), that “there is nothing we can 
do to stop them doing it again”, 
referring to the . invasion by hip- 
pies of Mr Les Atwell's kind at 
Yeovil, is a misrepresentation of 
police powers. 

Has he forgotten the powers 
-used by the police (which were 

S iven authority by the High COnrt) 
uring 1984 in the miners' strike, 
where hundreds of persons were 
prevented from entering Notting- 
ham or leaving Kent? 

One accepts that civil trespass 
to land is not subject to criminal 
process of arrest, detention and 
charge etc, but there are numerous 
statutes and the common law 
which were breached prior to and 
during the occupation of Mr 
Atwell's land. 

Presumably the police were 
aware of the hippies' movements, 
in their area and could have 
prevented any anticipated 
breaches of the law — e-g., sus- 
pected acts of criminal damage 
(Criminal Damage Act 1971), 
driving on land other than for 
emergency and numerous other 
offences against road traffic leg- 
islation. Prior to occupation of the 
land, there was sufficient likeli- 
hood of breaches of the peace 
contrary to common law, as 
families in the area were prepared 
to take action against the hippies. 

. Such trespass could be consid- 
ered “c riminal ** within the 
provisoes of S7(i) Criminal Law 
Act 1977 which provides that any 
person in adverse occupation of 
premises (which includes land) 
commits an offence if he has 
already been requested to leave by 
the residential occupier. 

The Police and Criminal Ev- 
idence Act 1984 has given the 
police extended powers to arrest 
persons who have committed any 
offence if such an offender foils to 
provide a satisfactory address, or 
is suspected of giving fake particu- 
lars which would facilitate service 
of summons. Such offences in this 
instance would include breaches 
oflocal byelaws (e.g-, lighting fines 
and summary offences). 

Avon and Somerset Police had 
adequate powers to prevent tres- 
pass but one suspects senior 
officers did not wish for a rep- 
etition of the undignified, violent 
and unsupervised police eviction 
of hippies from the Stonehenge 
area lak year. 

What occurred at Yeovil was an 
exercise of police discretion in 
non-enforcement of the law, a 
decision which, in my view, did 

not serve all the interests of the 
community. But, to imply that the 
police did not have the powers 
either to prevent an intended 
trespass or once it had occurred, to 
remove offenders is, at least, a 
distortion of reality. 

Yours faithfully, 


63 Brierton Lane, 

Hartlepool, Cleveland. 

May 30. 

From Mr Robert Saunders 
Sir, The hippies have passed 
through. In doing so they have 
created considerable damage on a 
number of farms, great obstruc- 
tion to legitimate road users, have 
allegedly behaved disgustingly in 
supermarkets and caused costly 
deployment of police resources. 

Standing at the barricade to my 
farm entrance as they passed 1 got 
the strong impression that few, if 
any, of their vehicles could have 
recently passed an MOT, that 
equally few carried road fund 
licences and were probably with- 
out insurance. 

Clearly the law of trespass needs 
to be greatly strengthened, but 
without wishing to criticize the 
police, who within broad policy 
did an excellent job, one is bound 
to ask whether existing law is 
being enforced? Why are these 
people allowed to take such ve- 
hicles on to the roads? 

Yours sincerely. 


E. F. Saunders and Sons LuL, 

Friar Mayne Farm. 

Broad mayne, 

Dorchester, Dorset. 

From Mr J C. Smith 
Sir, If, as you report (May 28), the 
police consider that they are 
unable to prevent the invasion of 
Mr Atwell's land because trespass 
is merely a civil offence, they are 
surely taking too narrow a view of 
their powers. It was held in 
Grayfordv. Choulder{ 1898) 1 QB 
316 that trampling down grass on 
a former's land constituted 
“damage” ‘ under the Malicious 
Damage Act 1861; and there is no 
reason to suppose that the po- 
sition is any different under the 
Criminal Damage Act of 1971. 

• If it is true that the farmer will 
get no silage crop from the field, 
and, consequently, face financial 
ruin, it is a very serious case of 
criminal damage indeed. Criminal 
damage is an arrestable offence, 
punishable with a maximum 0 f jq 
years' imprisonment. 

Yours faithfully, 


445 Derby Road, 

Lenton, Nottingham. 

May 28. 

Professional status 

From Professor J. G. Lawrence 
Sir, I quarrel violently with one of 
the suggestions in your in many 
ways excellent leader today (May 
22) “Opportunity for schools, 
schools for opportunity.” You 
advocate lifting the regulations 
(temporarily?) so that the un- 
trained enthusiast should be al- 
lowed into the classroom. In the 
same issue of the paper quoting 
the report of HMI you retail a 
horror story of a teacher trying 
and foiling miserably to teach a 
lesson cm ratio. 

Please let there be no more talk 
of untrained teachers! What we 
need are more highly trained 
professionals who know their 
subjects and how to teach them: 
not people learning on the job as 
they try to teach, i do not notice 
anyone sujgesting that hospital 
waiting lists should be reduced by 
someone doing a bit of amateur 

It has taken many years to get 
rid of the concept of the untrained 
graduate and the re-establishment 
of such a category would do 
nothing to help our problems. 
Yours faithfully, 

Academic Secretary, 

Universities Council for the 
Education of Teachers, 

58 Gordon Square, WC1. 

Fat of the land 

From the Director of the Inter- 
national Nutrition Foundation 
Sir. Professor Donald Harrison's 
hedgehogs (May 27) should be 
congratulated. If he subsisted on 
the diet he gives them (wholemeal 
bread and skimmed milk) he 
would get scurvy (deficiency of 
vitamin C) before showing signs of 
deficiency of vitamin A Hegehogs 
make their own vitamin G 
If Professor Harrison added 
boiled tops of nettles to the diet of 
wholemeal bread and skimmed 
milk — and they are distressingly 
prevalent now — be would get in 
his body both vitamins otherwise 
deficient. But perhaps he, like 
hedgehogs, likes a more varied 

Yours etc, , 


International Nutrition Founda- 

High Street, Sutton Courtney, 
Abingdon, Oxfordshire. 

Lawyer’s fees 

From Mr Adrian Jack 
Sir, The spectacle of two multi- 
nationals litigating for 60 days in 
the High Court at a cost to 
themselves of £55 in court fees but 
to the public of £50,000 in judge’s 
salary and court heating has strode 
your correspondent today (“The 
harm that Hail sham does”, May 
21) as monstrous. 

What be overlooks is that such 
an action would scarcely have cost 
less than £1 million in solicitors’ 
and barristers’ fees. Given VAT at 
15 per cent and income tax at no 
doubt 60 per cent I calculate the 
state making a profit exceeding the 
£500,000 mark - surely not a bad 

Your correspondent envisages 
the increased fees he would have 
the multinationals pay going to 
swell the legal aid fund. While 
superficially plausible this has the 
same logic as insisting the liquor 
duty be solely used to fund dimes 
for alcoholics. 

Yours sincerely, 


27 Queen Alexandra Mansions, 
Judd Street, WC1. 

May 21. 

Arms and Africa 

From Mr A. Montague Browne 
Sir, Your juxtaposition (May 30) 
of the Director of Amnesty 
International's plea for the greater 
control of the export of arms to 
tyrannical regimes (though she is 
strangely selective in the examples 
she gives) and Mr Phillip 
Oppenheim’s reflections on the 
sdf-des tractive African approach 
to agriculture is apt 

Should not a condition of aid to 
Africa be a proportional decrease 
in African spending on arms? One 
cannot help wondering if financial 
asistance to, e.g* Ethopia would 
not result in an increase of 
resources devoted to cruelly 
repressive warfare. 

Sophisticated hardware, and in- 
deed any form of armament, 
should be the last priority on the 
shopping list of countries demand- 
ing aid. This would substantially 
assist in a more sympathetic 
reception of their case. 

Yours faithfully. 



1 1 St James’s Place. SWi, 

‘Panic’ on free 
speech clause 

From Professor Antony Flew 
Sir. The Vice-Chancellor of the 
University of Oxford concludes 
his article “Free speech clause that 
backfires" (June 2) with the 
assertion: “There is no case for 
panic legislation on the lines 
proposed". His argument is that 
the clause which the Government 
wants to add to the Education Bill 
now being examined by the House 
of Lords is 

almost certain io lead to loss rather 
than more freedom of speech and to 
endless friction between the authori- 
ties. student unions and the police. 

The Vice-Chancellor may well 
be right in thinking that the 
proposed clause will not do the 
job. although, since the new left 
fascists controlling so many of the 
students’ unions are a main cause 
of the trouble, “friction” between 
those unions on the one side and 
the university and polytechnic 
authorities on the other is pre- 
cisely what is required. 

That some legislation is indeed 
needed, even if not exactly on the 
lines proposed, becomes quite 
dear if we consider the recom- 
mendations made in December by 
the Committee of Vice-Chan- 
cellors and Prindpals. For. 
according to the report in your 
Higher Education Supplement for 
December 20. after expressing its 
“unequivocal and forthright sup- 
port for freedom of speech and 
assembly" that Committee pro- 
ceeded to make it clear that this 
support would be as worthless as it 
has since proved to be. 

For the Committee then ad- 
vised universities “to ban 
controversial meetings on campus 
if they carry a very high risk of 
ending in disaster”. So all that 
anyone needs to do to ensure that 
some disfavoured speaker is not 
heard is to provide convindng 
evidence that they, or — more 
tactfully - other people they 
know, intend to break the meeting 

Given the black record of the 
student radicals, and the 
. pusillanimity of most university 
authorities, very persuasive ev- 
idence is all too easily provided. 
Yours faithfully, 


26 Alexandra Road, 

Reading, Berkshire. 

Right to reprisal 

From Mr Christopher Greenwood 
Sir, Mr Lloyd Cutler (May 31) 
writes of the United Stales air 
attacks on Libya that “there can be 
no doubt of their legality under 
international law” This confident 
assertion is surprising given that 
so many international lawyers, 
inside and outside the United 
States, have doubted the legality of 
the American action. 

Even more surprising is the 
basis on which Mr Cutler seeks to 
justify the action. He claims that 
“any national whose armed forces 
are attacked by another nation in 
violation of the UN Charter has 
the legal right to take a propor- 
tionate military reprisaL" It is 
difficult to find any authority for 
this proposition in current inter- 
national law. 

The Security Council, of which 
the United Slates is a permanent 
member, has consistently rejected 
claims that a right to lake military 
reprisals still exists. The General 
Assembly Declaration on Friendly 
Relations among States (adopted 
in 1970 without opposition from 
the United States) proclaims that 
“States have a duly to refrain from 
acts of reprisal involving the use of 

The British Government de- 
fended the American action not as 
a reprisal but as an exercise of the 
right of self-defence, as a measure 
designed to prevent an attack 
perceived as imminent rather than 
to punish Libya for its past 
illegalities. It is surely on that 
ground that any claim to legal 
justification must rest. 

Yours faithfully, 

Magdalene College, Cambridge. 

Rise in house prices 

From Mr R. B. Cruse . 

Sir, The modest house I bought 18 
years ago has since increased in 
value at a rate of exactly 15.5 per 
cent per annum. It originally cost 
about two and a half times my 
1968 salary; now it is worth some 
five times my present earnings. 

' If ihe value of my house 
continues to inflate at the same 
rate it will be worth over 
£1,100,000 in exactly 20 years' 

White looking forward to being 
a millionaire before I die, I cannot 
help feeling apprehensive about 
the 'effect of house cost inflation 
on the economy, the currency, and 
my own children’s prospects of 
buying homes of their own when 
they are adults. Yours faithfully. 

3 Albert Road. 

New Milton, Hampshire. 

Stag hunt decision 

From the Executive Director of the 
League Against Cruel Sports 
Sir. The stag hunters ofDevon and 
Somerset are breathing a sigh of 
relief now that the dust has settled 
a little, following Somerset 
County Council's deferment of a 
decision on the future of 
staghunting on its land (report. 
May 24). It would appear that only 
one area of contention is prevent- 
ing the councillors' obvious dis- 
taste for the hounding of deer 
being 'transformed into a council 

This is the claim by hunt 
supporters that if hunting were 
stopped, pro-hunt farmers, de- 
prived of their “sport”, would 
both legally and illegally wreak 
their vengeance on any deer which 
venture onto their land. 

One can sympathise with the 
dilemma of county councillors 
faced with this threat — after all, 
no one wants to be responsible for 
the demise of our largest mammaL 
and forever taunted by cries of 
“we told you so!”. Thus the classic 
moral blackmail tactic prevails — 
at least for the moment. 

According to a 1985 NOP poIL, 
only 17 per cent of Exmoor 
residents approve of stag hunting, 
with 55 per cent being opposed; 58 
per cent of Exmoor farmers do not 
approve. If the claims of hum 
supporters are true - that a 
minority’ of formers is prepared to 
decimate. the red deer herd — then 
the majority of Exmoor people 
and the County Council through 
' its police authority, will be free to 
ask the police to severely restrict 
the issue of guns in the area. 

For our part, we are more than 
willing to help initiate, participate 
in, and contribute ta the forma- 
tion of a locally based deer 
management body which could 
consist of fanning and forestry 
interests, conservationists, local 
authorities, the police and animal 
protection interests. Such a body, 
uncorrupted by hunting interests 
and with its own appointed stalk- 
ers. would ensure that the unique 
herds of red deer in Devon and 
Somerset are properly and hu- 
manely managed, as well as 
protected from poachers and other 
deer persecutors. 

Yours faithfully. 


Executive Director, 

League Against Cruel Sports, 
83-87 Union Street. SE1J 
Mav 28. 


JUNE a 1946 

Juan Domingo Peron (1895-1374) 
was elected President of 
Argentina in 1946 end re-elected 
in J95J. In 1955 he was deposed in 
a coup d'etat and found exile in 
Spain. He was allowed to return to 
Argentina in 1972 and became 

President for the third time m 
1973. Age and ill health precluded 
am hope of a successful term of 
office and he died after serving 
fess than a year. During his first 
presidency his wife, popularly 
known as Evita, was his ally; 
together they formulated policy 
ana supervised its execution. She 
died in J952 at the age of 30. 




From Our Own 

Amid expressions of good will from 
all nations and" the delirious enthu- 
siasm of his own contrymen. 
General Juan Domingo Per6n 
Argentina's supreme charmer, 
whose magnetism is felt alike by 
crowds and individuals, was to-day 
inaugurated as Argentine Presi- 
dent for a six-year period ending in 

Special precautions were taken 
to protect General Peron against 
the excessive exuberance and en- 
thusiasm of his devoted adherents 
as he and the new Vice-President, 
Dr. J. Hortensio Quijano, after 
taking the oath before the Legisla- 
tive Assembly, motored from the 
House of Congress to Government 
House through streets lined with 
troops, marines, sailors, and 

Immense crowds, largely com- 
posed of General Peron's working 
class supporters, filled the streets 
adjoining the route as processions 
converged from all directions, car- 
rying banners and shouting 
Perdnista slogans. . 

In a message read before the 
National Assembly. General Perm] 
said that never again would anyone 
be allowed to injure Argentina by 
exploiting the working class. The 
people’s triumph should not cause 
alarm, but social justice would be 
brought to the doors of every 
proletarian home. No legitimate 
right, however, would be preju- 
diced, and there would be no spirit 
of vengeance. The principle of the 
Perdnista Government would be 
at home, absolute respect for 
Argentine traditions and institu- 
tions, and economic benefits for 
all; abroad, firm, unshakable and 
uncompromising maintenance of 
Argentine sovereignty, and respect 
for foreign undertakings. " Private 
capital would be respected, provid- 
ed that it did not attempt economic 

The most significant point in 
General Peron's message was his 
implication that Argentina's ac- 
ceptance of the pan-American 
political and economic agreements 
of Chapultepec and San Francisco 
might not be ratified by the 
Argentine Congress if it was found 
that they conflicted with the 
Argentine constitution. 

General Peron's Presidenty is 
beginning und e r singularly happy 
auguries. Argentina is prosperous 
and rich, and her relations with the 
leading foreign Powers are much 
better than they have been for a 
long time. The acute and prolonged 
tension between Argentina and the 
United States, which culminated 
while Mr. SpruiUe Braden was 
American Ambassador to Argenti- 
na last year, has subsided, at least 
temporarily, and the possibility of j 
a new pan-American era has been 
opened with the recent arrival in 
Buenos Aires of the new United 
States Amabassador, Mr. George 

Great Britain has special reason 
to watch keenly General Peron's 
first months in office, since the 
agreement covering Anglo-Argen- 
tine trade has already lapsed, and 
the Mitre Law governing British- 
owned Argentine railways will 
lapse at the end of this year, and 
new bases must soon be laid for 
future Anglo-Argentine economic 
cooperation. General Peron is 
known to be especially well dis- 
posed to Britain and most anxious 
to conclude an all-round treaty of 
trade and friendship resembling 
the Anglo- Argentine treaty of 
friendship, navigation, and trade of 
the year 1825. 

On the verge 

From Mrs J. W. HaHewell 
Sir, It is ironic that, at the 
beginning of the widely publicised 
“Fanning and countryside" week, 
I saw two form machines out this 
morning shaving our local road- 
side verges just as the cow parsley 
is in full flower. As a result the 
verges, like the fields now de- 
nuded of hedges, are becoming 
green deserts. 

Yours faithfully. 


Field House, 

Wells Road, 



South Humberside. 

June 2. 

From Mr Peter Phelan 
Sir, I can assure Mr fiart (May 31 ) 
that he is quite wrong in believing- 
lhal “the humble dandelion 
chooses to grow in greatest 
profusion” on the grass verge of 
roads. 1 have daily evidence that 
its favourite breeding ground is 
the lawn of the residence given 

Yours faithfully. 


22 Long fctrk. 

Chesham Bois. 

Amersham, Buckinghamshire. 

June 2. 

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Tliis summer, Vauxhall will help you 
enjoy even more of the great outdoors. 

For eveiy Cavalier GL,GLi or SRi, be it a 
saloon or hatch, now comes with a spanking 
new glass sunroof. 

Unlike many, it both slides and tilts. 
And offers the added shade of a sunblind. 

Of course, this is over and above all the 
equipment usually found gracing our cars. 

There is a 5 speed gearbox, tiltable 
steering wheel and a 4 speaker stereo radio/ 

Plus a selection of plush interior trim 
colours. (Not surprisingly, in view of our new 
sunroof there is a nice shade of tan.) 

. That’s not all of the goodies either. Our 
saloons have convenient finishing touches 
like electronic boot release and rear armrest. 

Whilst our hatches enjoy split rear 
seats and tailgate wash/wipe. 

Venture a peek under the bonnet and 
you’ll be as spoilt for choice as you are for 

Our GL has a punchy 1600 engine that 
produces 90hp. Whilst our GLi and SRi 
sport the sportier 1800i. 

Your local Vauxhall-Opel dealer will be 
only too happy to Showyou a Cavalier and all 
its wares. 

And when it comes to discussing price, 
you’ll find that the only thing i iT-- w—r— j 
that will be going through the | S "©■ 

roof IQ flip Clin backed by the worldwide 







June 5, 1986 

A s the politicians 
hum for job-genera- 
tion activities, 
small businesses, 
once mere bit play- 
ers on the .national economic 
stage, find themselves, with 
juvenile leads. 

With a large role invested in 
them, they have acquired 
bigger voices. The Govern- 
ment has brought in more 
than 1(X) measures intended to 
help the small businessman, 
but is hardly being showered 
with bouquets. 

John Cochrane, national 
chairman of the Association of 
Independent Businesses 
(AIB), in his annual report, 
commented: “One hundred 
new measures to businessmen 
already over-burdened with 
government administration is 
like offering a tray of drinks to 
a drowning man in case he is 

The harsh protest is partly 
because the increased respon- 
sibility has carried with it 
extra burdens. Smalt burin ess- 
es complain that in the 
Government’s drive to pro- 
mote business start-ups, it is 
the existing businesses that 
have suffered by inequality of 

But for all the complaints, 
and there are many, it is clear 
that small businesses have 
made a significant contribu- 
tion to job-creation. The 
Small Business Research 
Trust in a recent report esti- 
mated that the sector — de- 
fined broadly as companies 
with fewer than 100 staff— has 
created between 800,000 and 
1,1 00,000 jobs over the last six 

David Owen, leader of the 
Social Democrats, referring to 
the trust's figures, has calculat- 
ed that unemployment today 
would be 25 per cent higher 

’ were it not for jobs created by 
small enterprises. 

He has also taken up the 
argument, voiced the AIB, 
that most of the 
Government's initiatives 
have been aimed at starting 
businesses an d helping limited 
companies. The Alliance 
would give more attention to 
existing private businesses 
and the self-employed. 

The Labour Party, taking 
the wide view in its economic 
policy, has yet to examine the 
situation at a snail-business 

For its part, the Govern- 
ment, despite the criticisms, 
continues to -adopt measures 
to encourage the entrepreneur. 
In the last Budget, the busi- 
ness expansion scheme (BES), 
which was due to expire next 
year, was extended indefinite- 
ly and the loan guarantee 
scheme was not only extended 
for a further three years but 
the interest premium on the 
70 per cent guarantee was 
halved to 2.5 per cent. 

In an economic climate 
where the unemployment rate 
is remaining unacceptably 
high, the Government has 
turned -increasingly to nnail 
businesses as job-creators. 
The problem it feces was 
summed up by David 
Trippier. the small firms min- 
ister. He has commented: “I 
still cannot see that large firms 
will increase their share of the 
labour market Last year, ID 
had the highest profit s that 
any UK company had made 
and it is stiff shedding labour”. 

It is a view shared by the 
Alliance parties. An SDP in- 
dustrial policy document talks 
of a situation “in which there 
is little prospect of a signifi- 
cant increase in employment 
in large enterprises in either 
the private or public sector. "It 
adds that “encouragement of 

Sweet profits and rapid growth for The Body Shop after finding the right market 

the development and creation 
of new small businesses offers 
the most realistic hope in the 
short term for increasing 

The most significant indica- 
tion of the importance the 
Government places in the 
small business person, per- 
haps, was the decision, taken 
■at the time of the Cabinet 
reshuffle last autumn, to move 
control for small businesses 
and enterprise away from the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry — where interest 
seemed to be languishing at 
the highest levels m the de- 
partment — to the Department 
of Employment, under Lord 

Politicians have seen the 
Chancellor of the Excheq uer 
to be more generous, as evi- 
dent in his last Budget, to 
small businesses since the 
switch. It is also clear that 
greater efforts are being made 
to improve the general admin- 
istrative and legislative cli- 
mate to reduce the 
bureaucratic burdens. 

A CBI survey last February 
revealed that more than 50 per 

cent of bills to small firms are 
paid late, increasing their 
costs, creating cash-flow prob- 
lems and taking up valuable 
management time. 

The Government is under 
pressure to introduce mea- 
sures similar to those in 
France, West Germany and 
Italy, where small businesses 
can press for a statutory right 

The entrepreneur 
. is still encouraged 

to interest payments on un- 
paid commercial debts, after a 
specified period. One of its 
backbenchers, Richard 
Ottawa y, has introduced a 
Private Members* Bill de- 
manding just that, and it is to 
get a second reading next 

A paper produced by the 
National Federation of Self- 
Employed and Small Busi- 
nesses listed 39 recent 
government actions which 
had made their members' 
lives more complicated. 

The White Paper, Lifting 
the Burden, produced last 

July, was aimed specifically at 
reducing unnecessary paper- 
work for all types of compa- 
nies. but with heavy emphasis 
on small businesses. It was 
seen as a high point and led to 
the formation of an anti-red 
tape task force within the 
Enterprise and Deregulation 

Modelled on the US Office 
of Management and Budget, it 
monitors new legislation to 
attempt to limit costs imposed 
on businesses. Though minis- 
ters say it is too early yet to 
monitor its success, there are 
many in business who believe 
it is having to fight an uphill 
battle with constant new mea- 
sures. Two examples given are 
the Data Protection Act and 
the Statutory Sick Pay 
Scheme, which transfers re- 
sponsibility to employers. 

But it is a battle which pales 
before the larger one politi- 
cians face in regenerating Brit- 
ish industry and commerce 
and to which small business is 
being given an ever-increasing 
important role. 

Michael Hatfield 

Is the venture capital 
boom starting to fade? 

Venture capital has been one 
of the most fashionable finan- 
cial growth areas of recent 
years. Propelled by a combi- 
nation of political backing, 
unemployment, technological 
change and example from 
across the Atlantic, venture 
capital has attained not only 
respectability but an influence 
unthinkable five years ago. 

According to the latest fig- 
ures from Venture Economics, 
the leading source of venture 
capital statistics, some £278 
million was raised by venture 
capital companies last year, 
compared with £232 million 
in 1984. 

This brings the total since 
1979 to more than £1 billion. 
The full amount is rather 
more because these figures 
exclude “captive firms” such 
as the Prudential's Pruventure 
which are pan of bigger 

Equally important are the 
sums invested. There is no 
necessary correlation between 
cash raised and cash invested 
in any one year. But Venture 
Economics calculates that ju 
1985 venture capital invest- 
ment in Britain came to S326 
million, including money 
from captive funds and from 
the US. 

Yet the number of compa- 
nies financed was roughly the 
same at 715. The figures for 
cash raised, moreover, are a 
trifle misleading because they 
incorporate £75 million for 
the Schroder Buyout Fund 
launched last year. If that is 
left out. the amount raised 
slips to £203 million, notice- 
ably less than in 1984. 

The investment figures also 

iiig’of^li, which asufritain’s 
biggest venture capital agency 
invests about £100 million 
annually through a variety of 
channels. Similarly, if Ameri- 
can companies are dropped 
from the list the number of 
new ventures receiving British 
investment fells to below 600. 

Put this way, there are signs 
that the venture capital boom 
is slowing down, in Britain at 

Consumer related business- 
es (retailing, restaurants, pro- 
fessional services and so on) 
took the biggest share at 22 per 
cent, while computer related 
had 1 7 per cent and the third 
biggest, other electronics, ac- 
counted for 1 1 per cent These 
percentages have not altered 
significantly for a couple of 

Another sign of the slow- 
down is that the number of 
venture capital organizations 
is not growing so quickly. The 
exact number depends on 
what one classifies as a ven- 
ture capital firm. But the 
number is definitely over 1 00, 
ranging in size from the likes 
of 3i to small regional outfits 
such as the Avon Enterprise 
Group, which specializes in 
investments of less than 
£1 50,000 in the west country. 

In the same vein, there are 
funds which concentrate on 

Climate for finance 
is growing harsher 

particular sectors, notably in 
science and technology which 
has been the Hollywood of 
venture capital. 

All this may appear a rich 
cornucopia for the small busi- 
ness. And it is true that very 
small businesses can raise 
money from venture capital 
firms. Some funds win put in 
as little as £5,000, although 
most would prefer to start at 
nearer £50,000. Unfortunately 
the climate for financing small 
concerns with venture capital 
is growing harsher. 

One important and easily 
overlooked reason is the 
health of the equity market. 
The crucial point about ven- 
ture capital is that it is 
generally equity finance. This 
means that the investors put 
up cash in the expectation that 
before long there will be a 
market in which they can 
realize their gains. 

For small businesses backed 
by venture capital that mar- 
ket, in this country and in the 
US. has been the Over-the- 

counter market. The OTC 
market is an informal listing 
of companies whose shares are 
traded on screens directly 
between stockbrokers’ offices. 
It avoids the higher costs and 
stiffer listing requirements of 
recognized exchanges. 

But recently the OTC mar- 
ket has been faltering, for 
much the same reason that its 
bigger cousins have suffered 
doubts after prolonged expan- 
sion. That in turn has caused 
venture capital firms to be 
more wary about what is 
already a highly risk 

This hesitation has also 
been encouraged by the fact 
that the explosion of venture 
capital investment in recent 
years has bred among its 
successfully launched compa- 
nies a need for second round 
financing for continued 

it is therefore tempting for 
many venture capital firms to 
favour existing “new” busi- 
nesses over brand new ones. 
But it does not mean that 
venture capital for the aspiring 
or just started businessman is 
drying up — simply that even 
belter business plans and 
more persuasion are now 

For the entrepreneur seek- 
ing finance, venture capital is 
suit attractive because it is far 
cheaper than loan capital. 
Against that, the businessman 
who wants his own company, 
must accept that a venture 
capital shareholder compro- 
mises his independence. 

The same applies to the 
established company which 
decides to go to the OTC. 
Most stockbrokers and quite a 
few venture capital compa- 
nies, as well as the OTC 
specialists such as Harvard 
Securities, will prepare a com- 
pany for the market. But for 
the business which needs extra 
finance the OTC offers a 
cheap and fast method of 
realizing his assets. 

Michael Prest 

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Business Pages. 

A directory, 
not an indirectory. 


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A • • * 

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i*j3ss. :*• 

And there's an identical index 

■front and back. So whichever end of 
the book you start you'll find what 
you're looking for. 

Also, when you know the name 
of a company, but not the address 
and telephone number, you'll find 
the information under alphabetical 

Business Rages is published in 
seven convenient geographical 

\ ✓ / 



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the business. 

Business Pages has been 
carefully designed to solve business 
problems, not create them. 

There's a useful 14sectorformat 
to save ydb time (Under business 

Services' for exampleyou'll find 
everything from bank^to banquets) 








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major industrial/commerdai centres 
in Britain. 

' If you're based in one of these 
areas, every year we'll send you your 
first local copy free (unlike most of 

All in all we think you'll find 
our new format more informative. 

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Fom m 

A white knight rides again 

As with a number of this 
vjovenuncnt's schemes to aid 
small businesses, the business 
«an-up scheme (BSS) and the 
expansion scheme 
(BES) were heralded as white* 
knight rescuers of the dis- 
tressed and capital-starved 
small business. 

Unfortunately, the reality 
has' not lived up to the 
expectation. But changes in- 
troduced in this year's Fi- 
nance Bill may see the BES 
back on its original track as 
supplier of finance to the 
small business. 

The BES is a broader ver- 
-sion of the BSS which had a 
brief and unhappy two-year 
existence. Introduced in 1981, 
the BSS proved overly restric- 
tive; and according to the 
limited statistics that have 
emerged, had a high casualty 
rate in terms of failed BSS- 
‘ backed companies. 

The BES, unlike its prede- 
cessor is not limited to start- 
ups. Its cleverness, in theory at 
least, lay in the very -generous 
lax breaks it gave investors. 

BES investors can obtain 

their shares for at least five 
years, with a tax “clawback" 
For those disposing of their 
shares earlier. 

Unfortunately the scheme 
was abused from early on. 
right up until this year's 
Budget. Basically. the Govern- 
ment was given a fairly com- 
prehensive drubbing over a 
two year period by so-called 
BES sponsors. 

In essence it was quickly 
realized that the definitions of 

between them accounted for 
only £7 million of the £105 
million raised in this year 
under the BES. The next band, 
investments from £50,000 up 
to £100,000 also accounted for 
only £7 million. The BES bad 
been tapped mainly by the 
bigger fish. 

cent of its resources in land or 

Second, the Finance Bill 
stipulates that the definition 
of what counts as a qualifying 
trade can now be altered by 
statutory instrument . 

On the day of the Budget 
when hew changes to the BES 

The Parliamentary . were announced, the Govern- 
draughtsmen were again out- ment also released a detailed 
wined by the BES sponsors report on the BES prepared by 
after they dosed the door on the accountants Peat Marwick 

fanning schemes. The spon- 

The Business Expansion Scheme had 
been tapped mainly by the bigger fish 

qualifying trades would allow 
fairly safe, low risk types of 
trade to seek finance. 

Farming companies were 
the first example of this — and 
illustrate how quickly the 
roots of the BES in small 
business finance have been 
ripped out and replaced by 
something uneriy different. 

To be fair to the govern- 
ment the Inland Revenue 
statistics for the first.year of its 
existence show that most BES 

sore simply chose property 


Leaving aside the public 
relations exercise, what did 
the PMM report say concern- 
ing tire use of tire BES to 
finance tire small business 

The concept of 

development as the tax shelter additionality — in other words 
for BES investors and the what, without a BES, would 

money flowed in. 

have happened — was a fairly 

The outwitting process con- crucial aspect of the report It 
tinned after property develop- concluded that" “Half the 

The battle to 
beat failure 

tax relief at their highest rates companies received finance of 
of income tax on investments £50,000 or less. The actual 

of up to £40.000 in any one 
year. For a 60 per cent tax 
payer this could mean that a 
£40,000 investment would 
cost only £16,000. 

Investors had to hold on to 

figures show that 388 compa- 
nies came into this category, 
representing 54 per cent of the 
total number of companies 
raising BES finance. 

However, these companies 

mem was banished in last 
year’s Budget. Fine wine, an- 
tiques, hotels, pubs, central 
London restaurants, nursing 
homes replaced them merrily 
taking the BES yet further 
from its origins. 

This year the Government 
got wise. Instead of curbing 
particular trades it did two 
things which may at last help 
the BES find itself. First it 
effectively barred heavy asset 
backed schemes, by stipulat- 
ing that a BES company must 

companies surveyed could not - 
have raised any alternative 
finance in the absence of 
BES”. In addition, 36 per cent 
of the companies in the sam- 
ple raised £50,000 or less. 

So there clearly was some 
benefit to the smaller compa- 
nies. This is however subject 
to the caveat that the raising of 
small amounts of money 
does not necessarily mean that 
the recipients themselves were 
small businesses. 

This was explicitly recog- 


To market, to market: Richard Horton, ma n a ging director 
of Accord Publications, which is soon going public 

not have more than 50 per nized in . the PMM report 

which pointed out that “20 per 
cent of the companies raising 
£50,000 or less in our survey 
raised in excess' of £100,000 
taking into account non BES 
finance. The report also high- 
lighted that the BES bad not 
contributed a great deal to the 
provision of start-up capital. 

“BES has not been a signifi- 
cant source of seedcom 
capital," the PMM report 
slates, adding that “in contrast 
BES has been used predomi- 

- nantly to provide working 
capital to companies suffering 
liquidity crises and seeking to 
expand, and companies seek- 
ing to finance the purchase of 
existing businesses.” - 
Whether the Budget will' 
actually mean more money for 
small or start up businesses; 
remains to be seen. There are 
other problems which need 
addressing, such as the ex-; 
pense of raising BES money. 

Lawrence Lever 

The £2,695 Tandon PCA20 and the £4,127 IBM ATE. 

Many small businesses foil 
because they do not have 
access to good advisers. As 
centres of management, wis- 
dom. the business schools are 
befog swept' imd foe small 
business movement in. two 

Most visible are ihc speria l- 
ist courses that an increasing 
number of schools are running 
. in conjunction with the Man- 
power Services Commission 
a nH other authorities aimed at 
encouraging students to start 
their own companies. 

But - equally if not more 
important is foe “entrepre- 
neurial, dimension” being in- 
jected 'into the standard 
curriculum for all managers. 
This applies as much to small 
businesses as tp the buy-outs 
and profit centra which large 
co rporati ons are in the process 
of introducing. 

Peter' Moore, principal of 
foe London Business School, 
describes foe currem require- 
■ ment as that for foe schools to 
develop “a new kind of .man- ; 
ager who welcomes risk and 
takes a broader, more human- 
istic view of the corporation.” 

. ’ Most of the 145,000 gradu- 
ates in the UK opt to work for 
large firms, for the public 
sector or to enterthe profes- 
sions. A mere 500 set up their 
own businesses. 

Manchester Business 
School, which is the LBS'S 
site number as one of foe 

of foe umversity4inked 

business schools, has a special 
■email business development 
unit which aims to givepracti- 
cal help to all types -of 


The unit's involvement . 
ranges from attaching unem- 
ployed mature, executives to 
small “host” . companies to 
teach the proprietors of estab- 
lished small and medium-size 
firms about business subjects 
such as the management of 
money - and where to get it 
and cash-flow. 

Individuals - who have a! 

ready been helped include a 
man who wanted to start a do- 
ir-yourself garage. - another 
who has established p home 
for the aged, a woman who 
now manages a highly recom- 
mended ethnic food centre 
and foe Irishman who is 
flourishing with his natural 
yoghurt and quality icecream 

Each -of foe business schools 
has tailored its response to foe 
small business call in foe way . 
that fits in best .with ita'own 
existing culture and expertise. 

At Henley, foe Management 
College, a new general man- 
agement course has been de- 
signed specifically to meet the 
requirements of practising 
managers who cannot be 
spared from their jobs for 
more than one week at a time. 

The new Henley course: is 
'designed for all types of mid- 
career executives*, not- just key 
managers in big firms. 

One of foe first participants 
was Richard Horton, aged 39, 
managing director of Accord 
Publications, a greetings-card 
publishing company employ- 
ing 130-odd people. Accord is 
logo public soon. . 

-In addition to applying 
directly to bis own business 
some of the ideas be learned, 
Mr Horton .says that taking 
the course has given him foe 
self-confidence to handle a 
Stock " Exchange flotation. 
Gan field started a pro- 
gramme to help 40 new gradu- 
ates start business ventures in 
1985. This year foe pro- 
gramme was expanded to 70 
with a farther 30 places fielded 
to - both . Durham . Business 
School and Warwick's School 
of Business Studies after the 
success of the earlier 


This has resulted in .36 
viable new enterprises .with 
idw** ranging from legal com- 
puter wfhrare, component lot 
cars to designer knitwear. . 

Patricia Tisdall 

Friendly franchise 

way to start up 

Fkaachisiiig Js provmg an 
increasingly popular _ entry 
point for indrridmds who want 
to ren a fondly business 
without being entirely oit their 

They can to? not only into a 
ready-made market but also to 
tested methods of admhristra- 
tion, framing and expertise — 
the existence of a head office 
only a phone call away can be 
particularly helpfbj for people 
■uiring the transition to sdf- 
empfoymeut for the first tune. 

One of the reasons the 

banks like franchises so much 

is that foe rfck of failure is 

statistically much less than 
with small businesses in 


But equally, the continuing 
royalty payments Incorporated 
in most franchise contracts 

mean that foe gains are less 
than those retained by sole 

Usually these are based 
other on a percentage of 
turnover or a surcharge on the 
cost of the bask supplies. 

These continuing contracte- 
al royalty payments charged in 
addition to the initial lamp, 
sum “entry" fee can become a 
considerable irritant to the 
franchisee once foe business 
has been established. 

The franchisor is the manu- 
facturer, wholesaler or retailer 
nr other type of organization 
which grants the trademark 
and business methods. The 
franchisee is the independent 
trader who accepts the work- 
ing principles of the 
franchisor. . 

A variety erf factors has 
contributed to the recent 
boom. A political dimate 
which encourag ed more people 
to seek self-employment 
helped. Rising boose prices 
together with tump-sum pay- 
ments for redundancy and 
early-retirement injected 
much of. tee necessary capital 
for “entry" charges, to fran- 
chise schemes. 

But foe development would 
probably not hare won so 
ranch acceptance without the 

deaning ®pT and .standard 
setting work of foe British 
Franchise Assochttion. 

Companies applying for 
membership me subjected to 
-de tailed screening, which cov- 
ers a complete check of the 
financial background, an ex- 
amination of legal agreements 
with franchisees and whether 
or not successful pilot is 
already operating. 

There are two grades of 
membership. Fnfl members of 
BFA are required to hare 
operated - a successful pflot 
scheme for one year and hare 
at least fonr franchisees, two 
of whom must have been 
frandrising for -two years* 
Bum urn. 

There is also a register of 
qualified associates who are 
required to have operated a 
successful pilot scheme foroae 
year and to hare at least one 
franchise who has been trad- 
ing for a year. 

Though around 80 compa- 
nies hare now joined foe BFA, 
it has been an uphill struggle 
towin support from companies 
. for .such a rigorous retting 

The sum needed to buy a 
stake in a franchise scheme 
varies enormously. Examples 
culled from foe franchise ta- 
bles published each month by 
Business Success magazine 
range" upwards from about 
£3,000 from a service trade 
such as removals or electrical 
contracting to £125,000 for a 
pizza restaurant. 

Normally foe banks like the 
franchisee to contribute at 
least 30 per cent of foe total 
cost of the project, birth' to 
ensure commitment and a 
sensible borrowing ratio, 

A spate oLnew companies is 
in foe process of using fran- 
chising as a method of expand- 
ing. A notable example is the 
Body Shop tofletry and cos- 
metic company which, having 
started in a side street in 
Brightoain 1976 with a £4,000 
bank loan, has grown to more 
than 100 outlets.' 

Now see if you can tell them ap 

Take away the names and what are 
you left with? 

Two compatible machines that 
are virtually identical in everything 
except price. 

Admittedly, one is better than the 

It has greater expandability and 
a larger monitor. 

It’s made by a company who have 

been established in computers for j 7 - — > 

over 10 years and it’s one machine 

from a range of six. I detaib rf how 

Itls not, however, the IBM. I 

For further information on the 
Tandon FCA20 and a complimentary 
copy of the 48 page Access Software 
magazine, send off the coupon or 
phone Tandon on 0527 46800. 

Name/Job Title 


1 Teh ' ' L ess mere ly. More zodtan 

IBM/IBM PCATE are trade marks of International Business Machines Corporation. Prices quoted are typical retail prices and exclude VAX. Prices correct at time of going to press. 


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We seek to eompfiment your skJfe by dusting with: 
your business punt; 
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Telephone »1> 586 1954 

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For enterprise dedicated to gro wth 

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• McntioD -of the Manpower invested - by ventnre-catriial 

: Services Commission tends to compswes; - .■•*■'- 

conjure up images of fortom ’ Cine obvious disadvaotue 

• ‘ uc ^ ed briefty from • • with EAS, however is that ihe 

the dole queues to plant trees aflowance runs- for a angle 

' aspan_of an year only. After that ’ the 

• .f.aRi;" ■ . ^ . r . • V J*** vuijj rutM umu, uiw 

-offraal conspiracy , to fiddle . beneficiary could be left to his 
the unemptoymew figures. To ^torlKr$l^llin.js-vrild(!^bl]lN 
many aspiring busmesanen MSC- progr a mmes come in. 

: uw_M5Cdoes not sound.Hke a During theaDowanceyear. tbe 

- of_ entrepreneurial MSC offers , free counselling 
-activity.- But -n. is — and on a : under its Small. Firms Service 

t^L^TV • - , ' and bmeficiaries may be able' 

..irecisdy because the MSC*s to move to formal training 

- P^vt 0 bcinB a power in the . programmes under the Adult 
land is So closely and unfbrtu- r " Timing Provision. ' 

naiely related to upemploy- ' But (hal is .by no- means the 
ment tHe commission is end ofthestory. The MSC also 
intimately involved- with ftfo- offers a . range bf training 
’ grammes to .create jobs by. programmes tor people not 
succouring small businesses. drawing benefit who want to 
Its . focus is mainly on .start businesses or become 
training woold-be owner- self-employed; 

managers rather 4han on pro- ' 1 At the bottom of the range 
• Aiding -finance. The greatest are one-day “awareness 
advantage of all MSC schemes seminars^, at which the plea- 
is that they are free. siires and pittolls!- of : small 

- But. the exception to the - business- life . -are outlined. ‘ 
training -rule 'also -iUusfraies Detailsiof the sertnnars can be 
- the -Sheer .size of the MSCs 'obtained .from- Job centres or 
undertaking. The - enieiprise : MSC . area offices- feted -in 
fUlowanc^-^henre : (EAS^- was telephone directories. : 
introduced in August 1983. lt - The' -range - then proceeds 
will pay to. anyone on- supple- . through four lcvels of gaining 
mentary benefit. or~ drawing " p rogramme, which essentially 

'T unemployment benefit. a. fiat • depend on the ambition of the 
£40 a week for a year to tetp : paifidpant The first • is a 
. them start's business.' . short, often part-time course 

. The conditions are that you \ fastin g the -equivalent of five 
must be over 18 and under or sue- days aimed - at people 
.normal - retirement 1 age and wanting to become self- 
that you must but up. a employed. . - . 

minimum of £1,000, which -• . This course, wfaich again is 
can. be raised from, any source. - very, popular, covers . such 
The MSC enjpys the luxury basics as book-keeping, de- 
of not being obliged to consid- mentary business plans and 
er the commercial viability of how to deal with hank m&nag- 
*. a scheme in the sense that, my, .'ers and other professional 
a venture capital organization advisers. 

Would; 7 .An cxpanded version of the ' 

. But the commission ^does course, which can last six ' 
have to ensure that the pro- weeks, is aimed at people 
posal is suitable’ 'tor public sorting small ' businesses as 1 
- funding. This effectively rules tiisfinct from being merely 
-out .religion, gambling and; Self-employed. It indudes em- ■ 
starting . your own political - ploymqnt regulations - and 
party,-arnoi% the usual slightly, laws, 'an emphasis on market 
hypocritical, 'criteria tor re- research ; and introductions 
spectability in British public' through lectures and reininars 
fife., " : to local accountants, bank 

Witfim thdse broad Emits, managers and others who ft is 

Bovrevef; . almost anything - — — ; : — 

goo. Pop musicians banting Aim Is td enconrase 

survival skills ■ 

stripagrara service have all "■ 1 111 . 1 1 

benefited from MSC hzgess& hoped 7wiH. Inter . provide a 
But generally the approved support network. . ,? 


... For.rfl-.iifehJiSC^/Wg 

? ' gtu y??? ^ j? : witW t var, o£.«taxtinjs a- 

the principle is file same; to 
equip, businessmen 'with the 
elementary stalls . of commer- 
cial survival. .' 

The evidence suggests that 
the chances of surviving dur- 
: .ing the. risky -early, days of a 
- Company are indeed increased 
: J>y naming such as that offered 
by the MSC Equally impor- 
tant, however, is support and 
training after the business has 

For this reason ife commis- 
sion has owner-manager train- 
ing courses whose purpose is 
to develop the • market-re- 
search and selling skills of 
people already running small 
firms. -The time and place of 
these courses are largely ar- 
ranged for the convenience of 
participants busy m anaging 
their firms. = 

In a -similar vein, the MSC 
has a management extension i 
programme for people who > 
are already , running small 
businesses of working in big- 
ger companies and have ideas 
on how to promote tbe enter- 
prise' but lack the necessary j 
management’ skills. Unem- 
ployed skilled workers also 



This is a watershed year for local 
enterprise agencies which in little 
more than five years have grown 
from a handful to well over 300. 
Typically they have been launched 
with support from local companies, 
local authorities and other commer- 
cial interests such as the banks. The 
aim is to help new and struggling 
small businesses in creating new jobs. 

- Help through secondment of exec- 
utives from many of the supporting 
organizations has been another typi- 
cal feature. 1 

- The main expansion phase for the 
agencies is now over. Virtually aH key 
areas of the country axe now covered 
by an agency which is reasonably near 
at hand. More solid cash support is 
injecting greater stability into the 
agency network. A new phase has also 
started in the improving of agencies* 
services to small businesses. 

Loiti .Carr, chairman of Business in 
the Community (BIO, which is the 
-national umbrella body tor the enter- 
prise agencies, said recently: “Al- 
though many agencies are still in their 
infancy— and most agencies, even the 
well established ones, are restricted 
by lack of cash and staff — they are be- 
ginning to make a very significant 
impact on the rate of business start- 
ups, business survivals and 
soundly based job creation.” 

But he' believes there is a great deal 
of support for tackling more ambi- 
tious objectives. 

It has been touch and go for some 
agencies straggling to make ends meet 
but so fir none has been forced to 
shut its doors. There are now 336, 
according - to the Department of 

' There are 38 agencies in the greater 
London area alone with a further 60 
in the South East The North West 

The action W; [M 
men who WM&Mb 

make the 
new jobs 

has grown 57 of them. As well as 
offering counselling aid, some agen- 
cies also take a hand in helping 
provide start-up premises such as 
workshops and offices; often with 
shared services and sympathetic day- 
to-day advice. 

The London Enterprise Agency 
(LEnTA)' in 1980 was a pioneer of 
business marriage bureaux which aim 
to match local investors with entre- 
preneurs needing risk capital. There 
are now eight offering this service, tire 
others being Aberdeen Enterprise 
Trust, Cambridge Enterprise Agency, 
Colchester Business Emeprise Agen- 
cy, Leeds Business Venture, Man- 
chester Business Venture, Milton 
Keynes Business Venture and West 
Glamorgan Enterprise Trust. 

The latest plan is to set up a 
national network of bureaux. 

small business candidates which 
could gain from the experimental 
venture capital scheme backed with 
£1 million by the Rank Xerox 
pension fund. The idea is to offer up 
to £50,000 in risk capital to business- 
es which would otherwise be unable 
to raise such funding which is on too 
small a scale for most venture capital 

Lord Cam "Significant impact* 

The two agencies are IEnTA, which 
has so fir organized one investment 
under the scheme, and Tyne and 
Wear Enterprise Trust (Entrust) 
based m Newcastle upon Tyne. 

Entrust, operating in an area with 
some of the toughest unemployment 
problems in Britain, has been in- 
volved with other loan funds includ- 
ing Calor Gas. which helped 16 
businesses through Entrust last year, 
and NCB Enterprises that aided 
another 20. 

Last year Entrust fielded 7,888 
inquiries at five offices around the 
region, with the conversion rate to 
actual start-ups remaining compara- 
tively low at 4 per cent. But the 
anticipated 350 new ventures are 
expected to create more than 1,500 

Entrust has had substantia] backing 
from the European Social Fund 
because of tbe scale of North East 
problems but other agencies find it 
tough going to raise enough cash to 
mount an effective service. A five- 
year Government scheme announced 
at the end of last year is intended to 
help such agencies. - 

In the first two years ibere is £2.5 
million available which can go to 
agencies with less than £60.000 


funding. Up to £20,000 in Govern- 
ment grant is on offer on a pound-for- 
pound basis according to how much 
other cash support can be raised from 
local backers. 

The scheme began operation in 
April and already 60 applications 
have come in from agencies around 
the country. 

Mr Trippier believes that the 
scheme by establishing agencies more 
firmly, will encourage consolidation 
of support from local backers. BTC tor 
its part has set a target for at least an- 
other £5 million to be raised from 
private sector sponsorship this year. 
It would like to see total aid of all 
kinds go to £30 million this year 
against £21 million in 1985and£12J> 
million in 1984. 

Already 4,000 companies sponsor 
enterprise agencies, according to BIC 
which estimates that the number of 
sponsors grew by half in 12 months to 
May last year. 

BIC surveys show that the agencies 
are helping create more than 50,000 
jobs a year through start-ups and are 
helping save another 25,000 jobs m 
assisting existing small businesses. 
The agencies have a hand in the 
creation of about 20,000 new busi- 
nesses a year, BIC estimates. 

More agencies are reacting to 
special needs in a community. Two 
recent launches to help ethnic minor- 
ities, partly funded by Home Office 
grants, have been the North London 
Business Development Agency and 
Deptford Enterprise Agency. Both 
primarily aim at helping small busi- 
nesses in black communities. Anoth- 
er with a similar aim is being 
launched covering several districts of 
Birmingham including Handsworth. 

Derek Harris 

Industrial Editor 

Aim is to encourage 1 
survival skills ■ 

hoped 7wiH later . provide a 
support network. . ? 

Considerably more ambl--' 
fious is the New Enterprise 

We’re the power 


for tax purposes, to other ^ -■ * 

worids,'it is considered parfof v The., ability , of ca n d i d at es', 
the project’s income rather and their business ideas are 
than personal income and; -is ; carefully /vetted by the MSC, 

than personal income ana is 
therefore likely to incur a 
much lower rate oftax or even 

An even trigger attraction is 
the scheme’s accessibility. 
From its inception to tbe end 

nov least because tbe courses: 
are partly residential at busi- 
ness schools and can last 
several months altogether. 
The Durham, Glasgow, Lon- 
don, Manchester and, War- 

of March this year no fewer wick business schools, which 
than 134,000 people - had participate in tl» ^programme, ^ • 

drawn their weekly £40. In tiie ' vet candidates 

current financial year £146 
million' has been budgeted tor 
an expected 90,000 EAS par- 

• Jo put-that in perspective, 
the MSCs spending on EAS' 
alone this year will be about, 
half tbe total likely to be 

., Voy sunflar to the NEP is 5 
the Graduate Enterprise Pro- ; 
gramme which trains gradu- 
ates straight from higher 
education ratitw .than : the J 
unemployed, or people who 1 
have given up a job to go on an 1 
MSC course. But m all cases 


Wouldn’t it be great - ^ 

■ tbe invoices you 
put -and manage yonr 

Andtogseymg O 

‘ protection against bad debts. “ ' . 

You’ve worked band to build yonr y- 

Ai l basmes& JJcrKrit'alme-. 
r^llnternatioiiai to start joying 
LSJ Factors theTewards.; :• 

r^^nalFscMrt United. P.0.3 ck m Sownspi Home, . . 

„ BN1 SWi fetephone: ; II 

1 II- 

■* your services. " . ■ • 

........ Thref- small er K usirie ssex all have rme thing 

.’ t .; i* -r ..mciMnnapt'V"-, ... , 

,7;. V " V ; ' ^ fHd/re gping places. Some quickly. Some 

v - 1 ‘ 1 ’ • ' . nptquite so.quickly. 

But they’re all going places. With a little bit 
. • • ofhelpfrom usar3i. ' 

We’ve always had time and money for 
' people who have the acumen and ambition to 
build successful businesses. 

They are the kind of people - who are 
prepared to stand or fell by their own judge- 
ment Because they believe in their ability. 

And we have more experience in recognising 
*. ' the ability of entrepreneurs than anyone else. 

- . / - . Words? No, action. - 

To date, we’ve backed- some eight 
■ • ' • thousand small and medium-sized. 

• r ' ' • businesses to the tune of more than j£l billion. 

Which makes us the largest source of 
venture capital in the world. 

It’s worked for them. It can work for you. 


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June 4: The Queen, accompa- 
nied by The Duke of Edinburgh. 
Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother, The Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales, The Princess 
Anne, Mrs Mark Phillips, The 
Duchess of Gloucester and Prin- 
cess Alexandra, the Hon Mrs 
Angus Ogilvy and the Hon 
Angus Ogiivy, honoured Epsom 
Races with her presence today. 

The Ladies and Gentlemen of 
the Households in Waiting were 
in attendance. 

The Right Hon Margaret 
Thatcher, MP (Prime Minister 
and First Lord of the Treasury) 
had an audience of Her Majesty 
this evening. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, Patron of the National 
Union of Townswomen’s 
Guilds, this evening attended 
the launch of the tapestry for the 
Diamond Jubilee at tbe 
Chairman's Reception at the 
Banqueting Hall, Whitehall. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Lord Mayor of 
Westminster (Council Mrs Ter- 
ence Mallinson) and the Na- 
tional Chairman of 
Townswomen’s Guilds (Mrs Ja- 
net Ramsden). 

Mrs Malcolm Innes was in 

June 4: The Prince of Wales, 
Trustee. The Royal Academy 
Trust, this morning attended a 
meeting of the Trustees at 
Kensington Palace. 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent. Business in the Commu- 
nity. this evening attended a 
reception given by His Ex- 
cellency the Ambassador of the 
United States of America and 
Mrs . Price at Winfield House, 
Regent’s Park. London NW1. 

Sir John Riddell, Bt and Mr 
Rupert Fairfax were in 

June 4: The Princess Mar- 
garet. Countess of Snowdon 
today visited Glasgow and was 
received on arrival at the Air- 
port by the Deputy Lieutenant 
tor the City of Glasgow (Bailie 
James Mullen). 

Her Royal Highness opened 
the Templeton Business Centre. 



Mr J.E. Lamb Ion 
and Miss VJf. Agnew 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian Edward, son of 
Major Charles and Lady Eliza- 
beth Lambton. of Calstone. 
Wiltshire, and Vanda Jane, 
daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel 
and Mrs David Agnew, of 
Bilbrough, York. 

Mr N J. Sherriff 
a>>d Miss LJ. Rumbold 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas John, only 
son of Mr and Mrs Bernard 
ShenifT. of High Wycombe. 
Buckinghamshire, and Imogen 
Jane, younger daughter of Sir 
Jack Rumbold. of Sarteano, 
Italy, and Mrs Michael 
Aronson, of Nairobi, Kenya. 

Mr PJ. Bennett 
and Miss F.M. Lindsay 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, younger son of 
the late Mr C.R.H. Bennett and 
of Mrs E. Bennett, of 
Bracken borough Hall. Louth, 
Lincolnshire, and Flora, second 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Gordon 
Lindsay, of Birkenhead. 

Mr PS. Uard 
and Miss N.M. McCIoghry 
The engagement is announced 
■between Peter, only son of Mr 
and Mrs Gordon Isard, of 
Pinner, Middlesex, and Nicola, 
daughter of Major and Mrs 
Shaw McCIoghry. of Bloxham. 




Doges Palace, and the Birggait 


The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon this eve- i 
ning opened the Festival of 
Rowers in Glasgow CathediaL 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in as aircraft of Tbe , 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
The Hon Mrs Wills. 

June 4: Tbe Duke of Gloucester 
this morning opened the Baby 
Building at die Museum of East 
Anglian Life. StowmarkeL In 
the afternoon His Royal High- 
ness opened tbe Young Men’s 
Christian Association in 
Wellington Street Ipswich. 

The Duke of Gloucester trav- 
tiled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Right 

Lt-Col Sir Simon Bland was 
in attendances 
June 4: The Duke of Kent 
president of the Automobile 
Association, this morning 
opened the International Tour- 
ing Alliance General Assembly 
at the Grosvenor House HoteL 
London Wl. 

Captain Michael Campbell- 
Lamerton was in attendance. 

His Royal Highness. Grand 
Master of the United Grand 
Lodge of England, this evening 
attended the Grand Charity's 
1st Annual Festival at the 
Connaught Rooms, London 


Sir Richard Buckley was in 

The Duchess of Kent this 
evening attended a Gala Fash- 
ion Show at the Royal College of 
■Art, London SW7. - 

The memorial service for Lord 
Willoughby de Broke will take 
place at St Mary Abbots Church. 
Kensington, at noon on 
Wednesday, June 25. 1986. 

The service of thanksgiving for 
the life of Sir Charles Johnston 
will be held in the Crypt Chapel 
of St Paul's Cathedral, at noon 
on June 12 

The infant daughter of Setter 
Hector Luisi Grosso and Mme 
Claire de Caumoni de Luisi was 
baptized Paola Blanca Gen vi eve 
by Abbe Guillaume Boyer in the 
family chapel at Chateau de 
Champialreux on Saturday, 
May 31. The godparents are 
Henri-Jacques de Caumont, 
Due de La Force and Comtesse 
Cristina de Gabriac. 

Mr P. Kennedy 
and SigBorina L. Salvaiori 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, eldest son of 
Professor and Mrs Charles Ken- 
nedy. of Canterbury, and Laura, 
orily daughter of Ing Paolo 
Salvaiori and Signora Salvaiori, 
of Roma 
Mr A.P. Newman 
and Miss M.E. Moran 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, second son of the 
late Mr Nod P. Newman. CBE. 
JP, and Mrs Heather G New- 
man, of Milidduwa, Cranham, 
Gloucestershire, and Michde. 
eldest daughter of Mr Francis 
Moran, JP, and Mrs Moran, of 
Beech Park, West Derby. 
Mr M.A. Purves 
and Miss AXL Nicholas 
Tbe engagement is announced 
betweeen Martin Andrew, youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs J-P.W. 
Purves. of Heighington, Co 
Durham, and Anne Catherine, 
daughter of Dr and Mrs D.K. 

Dr KA. Reid 
and Miss C.V. Loch head 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of Mrs J. 
Reid and tbe Mr S. Reid, of 
Melbourne, Australia, and 
Claire, younger daughter of Mr 
K.S.A. Loch head and Mrs J. 
Loch head, of Barbican, London. 
Mr G -J. Scandrett-Smith 
and Miss J. Mills 
The engagement is announced 
between Graeme, son of Mr and 
Mrs A.G. Scandrcn-Smith, and 
Jacqueline, daughter of Mr and 
Mis M.G Mills, of Kingston 
Hill, Surrey. 


Teddy makes reco rd £5,2 80 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 
An auction price record of 

£ 5.280 was set yesterday for a 
teddy bear, beating the previ- 
ous high of £3,740 set last 
October by a handsome mar- 
gin. Yesterday's teddy was a 
big one, 29VUn from head to 
daw, and made in Germany in 
about 1904 by die Steiff 
factory, the great pioneers of 
the teddy promotion. 

In addition to coming from 
the most sought after factory, 
toe big beige plush bear had a 
loud growler and a back hump, 
the features given special im- 
portance by modern collectors, 
as opposed to tbe original 

It also had black button 
eyes, swivel-jointed elongated 
arms, and large, flat feet The 
or iginal price tag is Still 
attached to toe right paw 
announcing that he originally 
cost 18 shillings and nine 
pence. 1 

The sate was held at Christie's salt 
Sotheby's in Chester where from toe Edwai 
the pre-sale estimate had been lectioa at West 1 
set at £L000 to £1,500. He was yesterday with 
bought by a Gentian dealer. £423560. ~ 

Birthdays today I Reception 

'V' - 

Sir Kenneth Anderson, 80; Miss 
Moira Anderson. 46; Sir Ste- 
phen Chapman, 79; Sir Geoffrey 
Collins. 98; Mr A.R. Dawson, 
54; Miss Margaret Drabble, 47; 
Professor CM. Fletcher, 75; Sir 
Gerald Glover, 78; Miss Bar- 
bara Goolden, 86; Mr David 
Hare. 39; Professor Christopher 
Hawkes. 81; Sir Jack Jacob, QC 
78: Professor Sir Rudolf Peterls, 
79; Miss Margaret Rawlings, 80; 
Mr Nigel Rees. 42; Mr Tony 
Richardson, 58; Sir Arthur Vick, 

7 5. ; 

Christ’s Hospital 

Mr R.F. Salisbury. Clerk of 
Christ's Hospital, retired at the 
end of May after completing 40 
years’ service with the founda- 
tion. He will be succeeded by 
Captain NLA. Pearey, RN, who 
is expected to take up his 
appointment in the early 

Lincoln’s Inn 

Mr Sydney Kentridge. QC has 
been elected a -bencher of 
Lincoln's Inn. 

Mr P.WJ. Reardon 
and Miss SJVL Newcombe 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Patrick, eldest son of 
the late Mr J. M.G. Reardon and 
of Mrs B. Reardon, of ChigwelL 
Essex, and Sarah, younger 
daughter of Major and Mrs W.L. ! 
Newcombc, of Tarporiey.i 
Cheshire. • 

Mr M-A- Willis 
and Miss J.M. Whittington 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Dr and 
Mrs J.L. Willis, of Preston, 
Weymouth, and Judith, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs D.R. 
Whittington, of Talbot Woods. 


Mr DTP. McDongall 

and the Hon Mrs CJ. Bygott- 


The marriage took place quietly 
in London on June 4 of Mr 
Douglas McDongall. son of the 
late Mr and Mrs Patrick 
McDougalL and the Hon Mrs 
Carolyn Bygon-Webb, daughter 
of Lord and Lady Griffiths. 

Mr DA. Figueroa 
and Miss EJ. Sutton 
The marriage took place on May 
24, 1986, at All Saints Church, 
Crawley Down, between Mr 
David Anthony Figueroa, youn- 
gest son of the late Mr Marco J. 
Figueroa and Mrs Iris D. 
Springer, of Ocean Springs, 
Mississippi United States, and 
Miss Elizabeth Jane Sutton, 
daughter of Mr Martin J.E. 
Sutton, of Rowfam MiU, 
Crawley, Sussex, and Mis Meg 
Sutton, of Grange Lodge, 
Crawley Down, Sussex. 

Memorial service 

Mr Jastice Skinner 
The Lord Chancellor was repre- 
sented by Sir Derek Oulton, QC 
at a memorial service for Mr 
Justice Skinner held on Tuesday 
in Lincoln's Inn chapeL Canon 
R. Tydeman officiated and Mr 
M.M. Wheeler, QC Treasurer 
. ofLincoln's Inn, read tbe lesson. 
The Lord Chief Justice and 
Lady Lane attended and among 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a Em + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 

Announcements. authenticated by the 
name and permanent address of the 
sender, may be sent to: 

P0 BOX 484 
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London El 

or telephoned I by telephone subs- 
et bers only) jo; 81-481 3024 

\nnotmcemems can be mciral by 
telephone between 100am and 
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day between 4.00am and 12 noon. 
Nil-481 4888 (My). For publication the 
fbiknnng day phone by 130pm. 

found)— a; mmnasrs. wammss 

etf on Conn and Social Page £S a hat 
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Rnoed to the nan that anduiWi tempta- 
tion: for when hr to tried, he shall 
receive me c r own or u/r. 

SL James l. a a 


ASSEK.Y on 1st June. 1986. at Si. 
Thomas' Hospital to Youmna inee 
Chehafat and Tony a «rl. Antonia. 
BHASKAR On 2nd June to Peneila 
<nee McCamu and Knstt a daughter 
Carol Sica, a sister lor Michael. 
BROOKES On June 1st to Sab and 
Paul at Quest CharkJUes Hospital, a 
son. Oliver Demid, a brother for 

SHOWN On 31st May to Elizabeth inee 
W ard-B ooth) and Alastair. a son. 
COURTNEY On May 2am. 1986. In 
Melbourne, Australia to Suzanne 
and Peter, son of Li-Co( and Mrs C. 
B. Courtney, a daughter. 

COX On Monday. June 2nd at St. 
Teresa's Hospital. Wimbledon, to 
Julia into Sturesi and Roger, a 
daughter. Eleanor Anne, a sister for 
Emma- Louise. 

DAVIS On June 2nd to Ann inee 
Thomeyvwjrkt and Jack, a daughter. 
Potty Har riet, a sntcr for Sophie. 
D0MEX6E On May 3lst to Victoria 
into Boorman) and Maurkao a son. 
Henry Edwin. 

FA1RWEATHEK . On May 31st at 
Odstock Hospital. Salisbury, to 
Elizabeth Into Laird) and George, a 
daughter, Jennifer Anne. 

F0£CLL On 2nd June. 1986. at aty 
Nottingham To Diana into 
and Stuart a son. David 


FISHER. On June 2nd to Kay into Car- 
negie) and Patrick, a son Benjamin 
Carnegie Vavasseur. A brother for 
Juliet. John. Penelope and 

CARTON On May 31st to Lucy into 
Primrose) and Charles a son. James 
Anthony Leo. a brother for Camilla, 

COURLAY On 2nd June at St. Teresa's 
Hospital. Wimbledon, to Deborah 
(nee Young) and Anthony, a daugh- 
ter. Hannah Katherine, a sister for 

HUTCHESON On 2nd June in Edin- 
burgh to Clare (nee MUlan and Mar*, 
a daughter. Rachel Martha. 

KCULDCN on June 3rd at The West 
London Hospital to Jane into Steven- 
son and Robert, a son. Christopher. 

IRVME On June 3rd at Kings College 
Hospital to Hamel mee Mills) and 
Greg a son. Forbes Daniel 

JACKSON On June 2nd at Queen 
Charlotte's, a daughter. Charlotte 
Dare to Vicky into ScatUO and 
Thomas, a sister lor Lucy. 

KITE on Monday June 2nd to Ulia and 
OirWopher. a son. Sebastian. 

NURTYN-HEMPMU. On May 3 1st at 
Queen Chartotle's Hospital, to Sarah 
into Lumley) and Charles, a daugh- 
ter. Clarissa Maty. 

VEREKEH On 2nd June 1986. at 
Pemoury Hospital. Tunbridge Wefts. 
Kent, a second daughter I Catherine) 
lo Maria and Anuiony. a sister for 

WEEN - On June 2nd. lo Anne (nee 
Keegan) and Richard, a son. brother 
to Timothy. Patrick and Jonathan. 

WIDDUP bom on May 27 Ui at U.C. 
Hospital to Peter and Jane (nee 
Partin I. a son - Alexander, brother lo 
Ellen and Hannah. 

WORTH On June 3rd at West London 
to Mary inee Jones) and Leslie a son. 
Adam Alexander 


FOREMAlfcCOUNI NbV On May I7lh. 
1986. In Melbourne. Australia Peter, 
eldest son of Mr and Mrs Edward 
Foreman of Toofgaroofc to Roxana, 
only daughter of Ll-Coi and Mrs G. 
8- Courtney of Teorak. 

SMITH The marriage of Mr Donald 
Fraser and Mm Fenella Smith took 
Place ai the Church of The Immacu- 
late Conception. Farm Sheer. Wi on 
30Ui May. Father WUfnd Tighe of 
Uie Brompion Oratory officiated. 
The Unde was attended by Tooy ana 
Julian Strutt. Reoecca Davidson. 
Nicola Forrester, Melissa Smith and 
Louisa Farmer. Mr Charles Maxwdi 
was best man. A reception was neld 
at The Royal Airforce Quo. 


ABBOTT On 1st June M. Joan peace- 1 
fully at Westminster Hospital after a j 
long Ulness. aged 79 years. Flowers 
may be sent to J. and H. Kenyon. 74 
Rochester Row. S.W.1 by 9 JO am 
9th June. 

ALLEN Joan Etteen. peacefully ai 
home on 3rd June. Beloved wife of 
Philip. Cremation at 3.00 p m. at 
Broadwater Road. Guildford on 
Tuesday 10th June. Flowers. If de- 
sired. to Pirn ms Charters. Mary 
Road. Guildford. 

BOOKER On May 30th John of The 
Old Rectory. ShilUngstone. 
Blandfcrd. Dearly loved husband of 
Peggy. Cremation private. Funeral 
and Service Of Thanksgiving at St. 
Nicholas. Durweston on Saturday. 
June !4th at 3.00 pm. Flowers may 
he sent to David CherretL 10 Market 
Place. Hlandford. 

BUXTON B Godfrey M8E MC MA. On 

June l. at hb home after a short m- 
ness aged 91. Funeral Service of 
Farewell and Thanksgiving ai St 
Pauls Church. Crawley Ridge, 
^mberiey. Surrey, on Wednesday 
June 1 1 at 2.30 pm. Family flowers 
only, private interment later any en- 
quiries to 0276 65779. 

CAMERON Peacefully at Vale of Leven 
Hospital. Alexandria on 2nd June 
1986 Angus Alexander Dearly loved 
tuBband of Isabel No flowers please. 

CUTHBERT Suddenly at home on 3lsl 
May. 1986. Enid Lilian Wemyss 
Coldstream, wife of the tale Maior J. 
M. CuthDerf R.A.M.C. Srsier of Wil- 
iam Coldstream and the late 
Winifred. Anson and Nancy. Service 
In St. Giles Cathedral. Edinburgh on 
Friday. 6th June at 1.00 pm. tal- 
lowed by cremation at Wanson 
Crematorium. Cut flowers only 

FRESHWATER On Tuesday. 3rd June 
1986 peacefully at home aged 87. 
George John Freshwater of Gen- ante 
Cross. Bucks. Dearly loved husband 
of Rosalie and father of Ttm. FUneral 
Service will be held at the Oil I terns 
Cremalonum. WhteWen Lane. 
Amentum. Bucks on Monday. 9th 
June 1986 at 1.30 Pm. 

GOUME - On 3rd June at home. Grace 
Wyndham Goldie. O 3X.. aged 86. 
FUncral at SI. Albans Church Franl. 
near Tunbridge Wells, on Thursday 
June 12th at 12.00 noon. No flowers 
please, but donations U desired to 
B.B C. War Memorial Fund. Broad- 
casting House. London Wl. 
Memorial service In London lo be an- 
nounced Uler. 

CRAY-CHEAPE On June 4th. 1986. 
peacefully at home. Dorothy, be- 
loved wife of Leslie Gray-Cheape Of 
Cane Cray. Forier and mother Of 
Margaret. Harauh and Hugn. Funer- 
al private. No flowers or letters 

HALL Olive Emma (nee Chapman) 
aged 87 yean. Very suddenly at 
home. June 1st. Loved and nassed. 
she fought a good fighl. 

MAC MI LL A N On June 2nd peacefully 
■G- M. P. (Pat) aged 93 years formerly 
of Edward St- Truro, beloved wife 
of the late Wlnq Commander Nor- 
man Macmillan O BE. M.O. A F.C. 

NEA6LE-WILCOX Dame Anna into 
Robertson) Beloved wife of ibe late 
Herbert Wilcox C.BX. Peacefully af- 
ter a short Alness on 3rd June. 
Funeral private Family Qowcn 
only. Memorial Service to be an- 
nounced later Donations If desired to 
RAFA or Missions to Seamen. 

NOBLE - On Sunday 1st June 1986. at 
his home. Kerrowglass. Klrfantchael. 
isle of Man. Leslie Arthur warred, 
beloved husband of Peggy, and dear- 
ly loved father of June aod Richard. 
Service and ere ma froo win take 
place In Borough Crematorium. 
Douglas, tele of Man at 2 pm on Tues- 
day 10th June. Family flowers only 
please. Donations in lieu if so desired 
to Isle of Man And Cancer Associa- 
tion. c.-0 Mr. J. M. Robertson. Isle of 
Man Bank LUL. AthoU Street. Peel, 
fete of Man.AU enquiries please to 
David Lancaster iFtmeral Director) 
Ltd . Derby Drive. Peel. TeL 0624 

: ROWE DKX - On June 2nd. peacefully 
at Greenwich HospliaL aged 64. 
Much loved husband of Gay and 
faiher of Richard and Paula. Funeral 
at Chariton Cemetery. Charlton. SE7 
on Tuesday. lOtn June at 12 noon. 

SHEA (Belfast) on SatardaySti « M*y 
1986 peacefully tn ha 78>h > »■ 
Patrick Shea. C8. QBE- 
permanent Secretary of 
Ireland Ministry of Education. No 

SUMNDt On jure 2nd. 1986. bt hospi- 
tal Cuy Chadwick aged 82 of 2 El win 
way. Beckenham. KenL Very dearly 
loved husband of HU) ary (Wilson), 
much loved faiher of Franos and 
william, dear grandad of Edward. 
Richard and Nicola, lather-in-law of 
Diana and brother of Margot Clark. 
Service at SL Pam's Church. 
BracWey Road. Beckenham on 
Wednesday. June 11th ai 2 JO pm 
and cremation i family only) lo follow 
at Elmers End. Family flowers only. 
Donations, if desired, to The Brush 
Heart Foundation. 

«AlCOX On May 21sL Mary Eileen, 
aged 44 years. Dear wife of the Rev- 
erend Hugh Wilcox and mother of 
David and Andy. Eucharist at St 
Marys Church. Ware at 11-00 am on 
Saturday 7th June. No flowers 
please, but donations may be sent tf 
desired lo St Mary's Church or the 
Chtldren's Society. C O Powell Fu- 
neral Service. Nelson Court. Watlon 
Pa. Ware. Hens. Clergy b u nd in g to 
robe please telephone Wane 4817. 


COOPLH - Martin. A memorial concert 
will be hda on Sunday 29th June at 
2.30pm at St John's. Smith Square. 
London SW1. No tickets required. 

Church news 

Appointments _ 

Liberal Party of 

The London Group of ihe 
Liberal Party of Australia will 
meet for drinks with tbe party 
leader, Mr John Howard, on 
Monday. June 16. For further 
details telephone Mrs Di 
MarKenzie Charringion oh 736 
4986 or Miss Michele Laborda 
on 388 5199 (daytime). Non- 
London group members are 


BRUCE Audrey Patricia vtmen into 
Clarendon) beloved mother of Clare. 
5 June 1902 - 24 Match 1986. 

Mrs Gertrude Berthe SpriagdL 
of York, formerly of Keswick, 
left estate valued at £1.505.610 


Powerful influence on the growth of television 

... i • • ' • r ti wt nAliriml hrrewfMct 


A pre-sale hug for toe record bear. 

Christie's sale of porcelain The top price m this 

from toe Edward James col- section was £6,480 (estimate 
lectioa at West Dean finished £2500 to £3500) for a pair of 
yesterday with a total of Chelsea groups emblematic of 
£423560. ~ the seasons. 


Geological Society Royal College of Obstetricians 

The President of the Geological and Gynaecologists 
Society, Professor CR Hoi- At a ceremony held yesterday m 
I land, and the president-elect, the Royal College of Obsie- 
Professor 8.E. Leake, were hosts tririans and Gynaecologists the 
yesterday at a reception to mark president. Professor . M.C. 
the annual president’s evening Macnaughion, admitted to tbe 
for guests and members of the court of patrons Mrs Bunty 
Geological Society at Burlington Lewis. Professor Sir Dugakl 
House, when the society’s Baird was admitted to the 
awards for 1986 were presented, honorary fellowship. The 

, fellowship ad eundem was con- 

Dinners fared on Dr Malcolm Aoder- 

^^Tmbvoc and Lady “ fl? 

The Lord Mayor ana Lady GeorReanna Jones, Dr Howard 

JoneLDr Janet Macgregor, Dr 
Anne McLaren and Dr Roy 
tamed representauves from Klkin _ 119 coUege members 

Sid U lhSr V bS^”at tl Se m ntv Macnaughion were hosts at a 
"b^baK to mL*£ dinner held al the college in die 

House yesterday. Tbe Lord 

Mayor, Lord Elton, Minister of Company^ 

State for the Environment, and Major William Hopton Scott, 
Mr Robert Alexander, QC Masto of the Cooks’ Company, 
Chairman of the Bar Council, assisted by Mr Andrew Mux- 
were the makers. doefa. second master, and Ad- 

-g- . . miral Sir Lindsay Bryson and 

Assorfa ] t **L^ Mr Cherry Grainger, wardens 
Lord Pm of HmnpswadL Presi- al * ladies dinner beW 

dent of the Bmish Medical £ innholders’ Hall yesterday. 

h Mrs Hopton Scott and Sir James 

Stubbs also spoke. Among those 

keablc-EHiott and Dr J.DJ. 

Havard were hosts at tbe 
president's dinner held yes- 
terday at BMA House. Among 
the guests were: 

Lord ftarrtn. Lord Richardson. Star 
David bum WUUaim. Dr T H Bewtor. 

Royal Society of 
Chemistry awards 

At a ceremony at the Royal 
Society of Chemistry's bead- 
quarters at Burlington House, 

Piccadilly, last night the Presi- 
dent of the society, Professor 
R.O.C Norman, presented the 
following awards: 

Mrs Grace Wyndham 
Goldie, OBE. who pioneered 
the handling of politics and 
other controversy on televi- 
sion. and who developed it 
with courage and candour, 

died in London on Jane 3, 
aged 86. 

Grace Goldie started politi- 
cal and current affairs pro- 
grammes on television in 
1948. From the outset BBC 
control of such programmes 
was met by political leaders 
with reluctance and suspicion. 

The period from that until 
Mrs Gokfie retired in I96S 
was one of increasing vigi- 
: lance and mounting tension. 

Attractive, articulate, at 
ease with journalists as well as 
with public figures, she was 
always ready in talks, inter- 
views, and articles to malm 
dear her own convictions. She 
was more than once called 
“the First Lady of 

Grace Murrell NIsbet was 
born al Arisaig, Inverness- 
shire on March 26. 1900. Her 
father was a civil engineer 
whose work took him to 
Egypt, and she began her 
schooling at the Bench Con- 
vent ofNotre Dame de Sion in 

Later sbe went to Chelten- 
ham Ladies College, to Bristol 
University, where sbe gained 
first-class honours in modem 
history, and to Somerville 
College, Oxford (second-class 
honours in PPE)l 

From 1928 to 1934 she lived 
in Liverpool, being employed 
as a play reader for the 
Liverpool Repertory Theatre, 
a WEA lecturer on drama' in 
various north-western towns, 
such as Birkenhead, Warring- 
ton, and Widnes; and as an 
examiner in history for the 
Northern Universities Joint 
Board It was at the Liverpool 
.Repertory that she met her 
foture husband, Frank Wynd- 
ham Goldie. 

Mis Goldie came to Lon- 
don in 1934, and for the next 
seven years wrote for The 

Listener as dramatic and en- 
tertainments critic Her con- 
nection with television 
therefore went back to its 
earliest days in 1936, when toe 
Baird and Marconi systems 
were still in rivalry. 

After a brief spell (1942-44) 
with the Board of Trade she 
joined toe BBC staff as aTalks 
producer in 1944. - 

Quickly establishing her 
ability to cope with major 
projects. Mis Goldie produced 
some historic series of BBC 
talks, among them a series on 
atomic energy in 1947, and 
“Challenge of our Time” in 

As soon as television was 

restarted alia- the war, she was 

anxious to join the new ser- 
vice; in that latter year she did 
so. She was sure it had a future 

in public affairs as well as in 

She produced toe first party 
political and election broad- 
casts. It was a testing experi- 
ence. Many in the top ranks of 

politicans were shy of toe new 
rn priinm particularly as its 
national coverage had not 
then been established. 

She designed what became 
the pattern for general election 
nights on BBC television, and 
supervised these programmes 
in the 1950, 1951, 1955 and 
- 1959 general elections. 

Direct political broadcast- 
ing was only a part of her 

responsibilities. Such wefl- 

known programmes as Press 
Conference. TanighL Foreign 
Correspon dent, and Monitor 
were also started and nut by 
her. Sbe helped to establish 
Panorama in the 1950s and 
went on ' to design the 
consumers' programme. 

As important as the pro- 
grammes themselves was the 
leam Mrs Goldie assembled to 
produce them. Some of tbe 
outrtandmgmen of the second 
generation of television pro- 
ducers, Huw Whefdon, Mi- 
chael Peacock, Donald 
Baverstock. and AJasdatr 
Milne, were among her asso- 

in 1954 she v/as appointed 
assistant of Talks in the 

BBC television service, and 
became Head of Talks and 
Current Affoiis, Television, in 
May 1962. Sie retired in June 

Tboughoui her career Mrs 
-Goldie fought for television's 
independence from pressure 
groups, political and other- 
wise. After she had retired she 
Wrote as a champion and 
candid critic of tdevisfon. 

She insisted thai a firm 
distinction should be made 
between, foctnal programmes 
and documentaries . - that 
verged on fiction. She was 
against television producers 
taking part in political 

In 1 977 die had published a 
much praised book. Facing 
the Nation: Television and 
Politics 1936 - 1976 , dealing 
with The growth of television 
and showing how she became 
tbe ecumenist of broadcasting 
and politics. 

Grace Wyndham Goldie 
was an un thing campaigner. 
On occasions she had to fight 
opposition inride the BBC as that from outside. She 
had a charm and earnestness 
that 'were, difficult to 
withstand.' • 


Mr John Gflmour, FLS, 
Director of the University 
Botanic Garden, Cambridge, 
from 1951-73, and an author- 
ity on {riant classification, died 
on June 3, aged 79. 

John Scott Lennox Gflmour 
went up to Qare College, 
Cambridge, in 1925 from 
Uppingham, already a keen 
field botanist familiar with a 
wide range of British plants. 

After taking Fart H of the 
Tripos he was appointed by 
Professor Seward to toe Cura- 
torship of the Herbarium and 
Botanical Museum, a post 
which be left in 1931 for the 
Assistant Directorship of the 
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
under Sir Arthur HilL 

After a period of 
secondment during the war to 
the Petroleum Division of the 
Ministry of Fuel and Power, 
he became Director of the 
Royal Horticultural Society's 
Garden, Wisley, in 1946, 
moving to Cambridge in 1951 
as Director of the University 
Botanic Garden. 

His charm and un failing 
good manners, patience and 
clarity of exposition also made 
him valuable as a chairman, 
particularly upon those inter- 
national bodies in the thorny 

field of plant nomenclature gence and perspicuity for their 
with which be .so much con- recognition. 

cerned himself. 

Such a view has not been 

Thus he was Chairman of accepted in the ancient strong- 
the Tnitn -naf inrml fnmmi<;si nn bolds of taxonomy, but its 

on Horticultural Nomencla- 
ture from 1952-66; rapporteur 

effects are already widely felt 
in fields related to the dassrfi- 

and latterly Chairman of the cation of both animate and 
International Commission on inanimate entities, 
toe Nomenclature of Cultivat- The same pursuit of mental 

ed Plants from 1956-65; mid integrity was involved in his 
British Representative of the becoming the first Chairman 

International Society for Hor- of the Cambridge Humanists 
ticultural Sciences from i960- in 1955. whose president he 
73. . becamd in 1975, an honorary 

From the beginning position previously occupied 
Gflmour was concerned with only by E. M. Forster, 
the basic principles of taxon- His services to botanical 
omy and the establishment of and horticultural science were 
a logical use of terminology acknowledged by the award of 

{inning position previously occupied 
led with only by EM. Forster, 
f taxon- . His services to botanical 

that would be consistent with 
the growing contribution from 
the more experimental sci- 
ences to plant classification. 

With TunilL Julian Huxley, 
MacGregor and others he 
established the Systematics 
Assoriation in 1937. acting as 
its secretary in the nursling 
stages and later becoming its 
chairman. - ■ 

He examined with rigour 
the mental processes and -ver- 
bal mechanisms involved in 

ihe Victoria Gold Medal of 
Honour . in Horticultural 
(1957), and the Vertch Memo- 
rial Gold Medal given by the 
Royal Horticultural Society in 

His published works in- 
dude British Botanists (1944). 
Wild Flowers of the Chalk 
( 1947), and, ioiuuy with S. M. 
Walters, Wild Flowers (1954). 

Gibnour's contributions to 
biological science will become 
more. apparent as time pro- 

toe naming of organisms, and grasses and whose insight and 
concluded that there are no comraonsense have already 

x- ultimate or final classifies- gone a long way to stabilise the 
ay lions waiting only upon dili- nomenclature of plants. 


parts for Norman Marshall at 
the Gate and a group with toe 
Old Vic Company. 

Sylvia Coleridge, who died 
in London on May 31, aged 
76, had been a familiar and 
versatile actress on tbe Lon- 
don stage for many years. 

An artist of unimpeachable 
technique and highly regarded 
in her profession, , toe won in 
1983 the Clarence Derwent 
Award fora supporting actress 
after toe had appeared for toe 
Royal Shakespeare Company 
in toe regional drama. Clay. 

She bad always been adapt- 
able in a variety of parts 
between light comedy, Shaw 
and Shakespeare. She had, in 
particular, physical grace that 
aided her in period work, a 
direct emotional quality and a 
lucid voice that could takeber, 
untiring, through a complex 

Descended from the poet’s 
family, toe was born in Dar- 

« India, on December 
9, the daughter of Sir 
John Coleridge, and educated 
in England. She had been on 

toe stage, with breaks, for 
more than 50 years, beginning 
in 1932. 

. James Agate picked her out 
during 1935 in toe unexpected 
pan of a murderer's doxy in 

She was a moving Thaisa in 
1 the Open Air Theatre's cele- 
brated Pericles [1939) and was 
Bianca in the revival of Clif- 
ford Bax's The Venetian , 
which reached toe Si Martin's 
in 1940. 

Later pans were Mrs 
Secondbom m Shaw's' last 
full-scale play. Buoyant Bil- 
lions , at Malvern . and . in 
London "(1949), Octavia in 
Coward's Quadrille (Phoenix 
.1952), an Old Vic series (1960- 
62) that included Lady Capu- 
let. Miss Prism in two 
provincial productions of The 
Importance of being Earnest, 
and the Countess in the 
Greenwich production of Alts 
Well That Ends Weil in 1975. 

She had a small part last 
year in toe RSC revival of 

the newspaper thriller. Murder Gran vifle Barker's Waste and 
Gang: but toe also acted, also broadcast and appeared 
during this time, one or two on television. 

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All in a 
at junk 

and soap 

Wh en fiK American journalist 
Loyd Grossman first vfeted 
these shores in 1972 ite ms 
started- to discover that his 
coant rymen were “meant to he 

stupid and rude and noisy” —a 
shock parallel to that in store 
tor the young F-n giteinw jg 
France who fisads Mmsrif ex- 
pected to evince coldness, 
reserve and a lack of interest 
in the table. 

Mr Grossman has since 
overcome this initial disquiet 
to the extent of permanent 
residence, marriage to an En- 
glishwoman and malting hig ; 
name with flat qufotsseatially 
English magazine Harpers & 
Quern. -j 

His hrief in Diverse Reports 
(Channel 4) was to test the 
water of the con front ng anti- 
American grofmdswen which 
may be summed op in file term 
“cultural snobbery”. 

To this end he quizzed a 
dutch of academics (fedifc, 
naturally, Professor Lanne 
Taylor); Margaret, Duchess of 
Artorli (star of the forthcoming 
soap Legacy); the American 
restaurateur ami Anglophile 
Bob Payton (dressed for the 
occasion in an tmasually re- 
strained shirt); and had him- 
self filmed . ditching a 
McDonalds hamburger (“the 
Model T of fast food”) into a 
litter Inn. Was Britain, won- 
dered Mr Grossman, under 
threat from American joule? 

Given that nil Ms subjects 
seemed to share his own 
dismay that America’s more 
successful cult u ra l exports 
should ever be brapded: “me- 
dia imperialism", the answer 
was only briefly, in doubt: 
soaps are f!n& fost food is fine, 
rock V roll is fine. 

It would surely have en- 
hanced the possibility for de- 
bate, and would-certafaly have 
provided more emertafnment, 
if at least one voice had been 
raised against the cosy drift of 
Mr Grossman's dtpne: there 
are plenty of articulate and 
informed observers: mi both 
sides of die Atlantic who . 
perceive that Kg Macs and . 
Dynasty are the surface deco- 
ration of a gaudy baflooa kept 
aloft with' the gas of moral 

In holding this truth to be 
setf-evfdent, one is not ex- 
pressing “anti-Americanism" 
any more than a Roman dthsen 
of the fifth century AJ>. could 
have been accused of “anti- 
Hunism*': one is simply, deep- 
ly, sensibly frightened. Aad in 
foe present climate, -pro- 
grammes such as this (howev- 
er reasonable 'their tone) 
become through omission an 
oblique form of propaganda. 

Martin Cropper 

• The roof of the Barbican 
Centre’s concert hall, known 
as the Sculptural Court, has - 
been used for a wide variety of 
activities, including sheepdog 
trials, motor shows open-air .. 
concerts, theatre and Alice in 
Wonderland tea parties. But 
until now there has not been 
much sculpture. 

Tomorrow, the. first major 
exhibition by British contem- 
porary sculptors, entitled - • 
“Feeling Through . Form” 
opens there and runs until i 
July 28. 

There are 16 pieces in foe ; 
exhibition. They are in wood, "j 
stone and bronze, and range in i 
sire from three to eight feet, • i 
and in style from the abstract ! 
to the figurative. Sculptors. " 
exhibiting include Glynn WH- | 
liams, Keir Smito And Lee. 
Grandjeau. • 2 

The 39th Aldeburgh Festival opens tomorrow and on Sunday Sir Reginald 
Goodall conducts Parsifal Act HI. Lord Harewood pays tribute 
to the man who has long been associated with both 
Wagner and the creator of the Aldeburgh Festival, Benjamin Britten. 

Master and an institution 

■ V, ••• •; .'-Sy jk.Vt 

• • • .-a ' . ' • f . '/ ’ 

-V ‘-‘-^1- - y - -* ; 

Goodall (loft) with Joan Cross and the late Sir Peter Pears photographed exactly 
a year ago at foe Old MIU, Snape 

Since 1945, few British musi- 
cians have achieved recogni- 
tion as an “institution”; 
Reginald Goodall is one of 
these. His place has not been 
easily won, though the quali- 
ties which gained it have in a 
way been there since he first 
lifted a baton at the Royal 
College of Music nearer 60 
than 50 years ago. Facility, 
stick technique, an ability to 
apply surface gloss — the 
attributes which won a con- 
ductor instant recognition — 
were not his. As I understand 
it. it was composers who most 
appreciated what Reggie did, 
because it was their music be 
conducted rather than his 

His first break came when 
he joined war-time touring 
Sadler's Writs under the direc- 
tion of Joan Cross, that great 
animator of the British musi- 
cal scene, who brought him 
again to the notice of Benja- 
min Britten, whom be already 
knew from the Royal College 
of Music. He conducted the 
premiere of Peter Grimes on 
the company's return to 
Sadler’s Wells Theatre in June 
1 945, following it with a series 
of performances which have 
become legendary, partly be- 
cause of the work’s immediate 
and disturbing impact, partly 

because its conductor knew 
how to mould the music so 
that certain aspects of it have, 
1 am convinced, never been 
better realized: the measured, 
almost hesitant, pacing of Act 
3's prelude gave it an agonized 
inevitability unequalled even 
in the composer’s own perfor- 
mances, and the cries of 
“Peter Grimes!” in the man 
hum some 15 minutes later, 
pan blood-lust, pan self-con- 
demnatory, never again hit 
the aural solar plexus with 
quire that impact. 

To work with a repertory 
opera company, as was his lot 
after be joined the newly- 
formed Covent Garden Op- 
era, brought out Goodall’s 
qualities mainly as coach or 
mentor, and the plain fact (at 
that time unrecognized) is that 
as a performer he has always 
needed something close to 
Festival conditions. To hear 
him conduct // trovatore or 
Rigofeao, works with which 
he had little sympathy, sug- 
gested little of his latent 
ability, and it was not until he 
took charge of a re-rebearsed 
German-language Walkure on 
tour in the mid-1950s that 
qualities became audible 
which have made him one of 
the major Wagnerians of our 


Lacing the mad with ant-paced satire 


Stratford East . . 

Heinrich von K1 east’s painful- satire of 
market-town', morality,.- Der 
■■ zerbmchene Krug \ was written origi- 
nally for a private and light-hearted 
competition and saw its first produc- 
tion in Weimar in 1808. The play's 
resounding failure prompted its neu- 
rotic author to challenge its hapless 
director (Goethe) to a dneL In , the 
course of time the piece has acquired 
an international, reputation, tad is 
even. on. occasion adduced to testify 
. that the Germans do have a sense of 
.humour aftemlL: ■ 

. In this adaptation (first given 21 
years ago) by-foe Mahctimta play- 
wright and former Coronation Street ; 
stalwart Henry, Livings; the small 
town in Saxony has be^n translated to~ 
the Pennines, although the period' 
Temainstbe same; facilitating a rather 
meagre sub-tort on the plight of foe 
rural working classes in foe time of 
foe Napoleonic Wars.. . 

• The plot, familiar enough to ~A- 
level students, concerns foe rickeiy 
mechani sm of a petty sessions con- 
vening in.foe local. inn. The presiding 
.worthy,- Adam Keiiworthy J P, is a 
foolish, . venal- man • -in middle life 
whom we first meet in a sorry state— 
a “rough justice” as he judiciously 
has it — with his wig mislaid, his 
dofoes in tatter? and his head 
Moodily bandaged. 

The excuse he offers his tentative, 
bewildered dak is a rank and patent 
fib to do with being tripped by a 
bothersome chamberpot; in foe 
course of the morning's first and only 
hearing, however, it becomes appar- 
ent that his injuries, stem from a 
shameful nocturnal episode. 

Don Grium signals his intention to 

Donald Cooper 

Bizarre business: from left, Don Crann, John Hatoearf and Kate Williams 

play Kenworthy as a grotesque buf- 
foon with a portfolio of scowls, 
grimaces, twitches and leers which 
Robert Daws, excellently cast as his 
clerk, does well to ride; so carried 
away, indeed, was Mr Crann that he 
was corpsing after ten minutes, and 
topped his digression by leading foe 
prompter stage-centre for a bow. This 
is either amusingly agreeable or 
grossly self-indulgent, depending on 
where one is sitting; its net effect is to 
stretch out an ant-paced stoiyline to 
breaking point 

- Even when foe action gets under 
way with foe arrival of Robert 

Keegan’s pompous visiting M P (the 
only character who divines foe truth 
of the fracas in which foe titular jug 
came to be broken, and who ends by 
bring' treated as demented for his 
pains) foe portrait of graial inepti- 
tude and shabby dealing is subverted 
by a ponderous insistence on foe kind 
of buxom pauses and ham reactions 
that sustain foe dreariest situation 
comedies. Philip Hedley*s static pro- 
duction gives foe bizarre impression 
of a Shakespearian sub-plot gone 

The thing is not entirely without its 
charms, and there is plenty of scope 

here for a pair of “character” parts 
which are milked for ail they have to 
give: John Halstead as foe decrepit, 
narcoleptic constable, much given to 
nodding off beneath foe hastily 
supplied portrait of His Majesty King 
George III (aptly, a mad monarch) 
and coming to life with bawls of 
“silence in court!”; and Guy Nicholls 
as foe tremulously staggering land- 
lord who keeps foe court well 
liquored. Somehow, however, the 
satire has got lost on foe way. 

Martin Cropper 

Daft charm in a world of make-believe 

Oh Humans . 

Lyric Studio 

-This- two-man spectacular is 
bilted as comedy with sad tuts. 
A notice by foc entrance waros 
"ic” ’lighting” and “Loud 
explosions”. All this and foe 
- title; too, suggests that -the 
spectacle Robin Driscoll and 
Tony Haase have devised win 
be foe spectacle of Life Itself 
, Explosions start foe play but 
as the smoke clears we find 

our two heroes, wearing iden- 
tical greyish aertex vests and 
pants, blazing away in an' 
untidy room that is evidently 
their own grubby bedroom. 
After some swift science-fic- 
tion palter they drop their 
weapons and - their roles, one 
hero settling down to cut his 
toenails, - the other glumly 
throwing a knife, at the door. 
The explosions that sounded 
objective enough to our ears 
are somewhere inside their 
heads after alL 
The men seem to be broth- 

ers and foe room is apparently 
in Harwich, above a pub 
catering for transvestite oil 
riggers. But we have no way of 
telling if any of this is true 
since Dougie and Mickie nev- 
er step outside their sealed 
world and foe faintest incident 
may beget a fantasy. Gretel, 
for instance, first observed as 
a blonde passenger in a 
Sealink brochure, is soon 
sending Dougie her toenail 
dippings as a token of love. 

Still more bewildering, sim- 
ply .by putting on wigs the 



Queen Elizabeth 

Appropriately, this tenth and 
Iasi concert in MStsuko 
Uchida’s complete' cycle - of 
Mozart's Piano Concertos 
found - room for -the 
composer's first and last'; 
thoughts in foe medium, his 
first ones turning out to be a 
pure delight not unduly over- 
shadowed by later and greater 
things. The Piano Concerto - 
No 5 in D (K1 75) was the first 
of Mozart's concertos to be 
based entirely on his own 
material; this coruscating little ' 

work was written when he was 
jusl~17. : 

Maybe its ideas dp not 
unfold with the fluency of 
Mozart's mature style, but 
they already have an ampli- 
tude and rhythmic pungency 
to which Ufa English Chamber 
Orchestra reloaded with rel- 
ish- P am not sure ! that 
Uchida’s more • restrained 
weight of tone sounded quite, 
right for the compulsive; al- 
most Beethoven-like explora- 
tion of a repeated, three-note 
figure in the tight-reined KtiJe - 
Finale, but foe ensured that 
events unfolded at 'a 'lively 
pace. ' 

. By" ifre' same . token, her 1 
limpid piano tone and capaci- ' 

% srwj - 


ty for unaffected phrasing 
were as perfectly suited to the 
B fiat Concerto (K59S) as one 
had imagined they would be. 
Uchida seemed to work a 
succession of unpretentious 
miracles in this performance, 
which drew an ovation from 
the sell-out audience that was 
more than just a retrospective 
response to foe completion of 
the whole cycle. 

Once again foe contrast 
between - foe ECO’s rafoer 
emphatic opening statement 
(in fact they drifted slightly 
sharp) the foe piano’s 
gentle first entry, sounded 
startlingly wide, but it has 
become clear that this 
is bow Uchida views such 

Her sympathy ' with the 
Concerto's wistfhl pre- 
Schubenian musings ap- 
-peared total; it is nard to 
imagine the first-movement 




Charles S Moffett 

cadenza (Mozart's own, and a 
little wonder in itself) being 
more thoughtfully and beauti- 
fully explored. 

The two Romances Opus 40 
and Opus 50 for violin and 
orchestra by the young Bee- 
thoven could riot help sound- 
ing a bit pedestrian in such 
company, even given the per- 
suasive and wonderfully rich- 
toned advocacy of Jose- Luis 
Garcia as cellist and director. 

Malcolm Hayes 


Festival Hall 

Four such Beethoven .sonatas 
as Claudio Arrau played last 
night would have taxed a mao 
half the ape of the pianist who, 
now in his ninth decade, took 
them not so much in his stride 
as into his audience's ego 

Rah* li« aJAnui 8 laqmuaaii! 
nUinan ef Fmur hi ibt, 

(net bus it* fim »r Mub, at 


brothers assume foe personal- 
ities of two imagined sisters. 
As men they are anxious and 
sloppy, as women tense but 
competent. Janet (Tony 
Haase)- is even a touch win- 
some. Barbara (Robin 
Driscoll) has motherly 
yearnings and a chin that 
might one day turn into 
Margaret Rutherford. All four 
speak a working-class argot 
' laced with ornate expressions 
in foe tradition established by 
Orton and Minder. 

The author-actors manage 

experience. “The older 1 get 
the less I feel like retiring”, he 
was quoted as saying three 
years ago, and when it comes 
to hearing such fruits of a 
lifetime's delight in Beetho- 
ven, we may be glad that he is 
both hale and heartwarming. 

His extraordinary breadth 
of character plunged from foe 
early sonatas, as in Op 1 0 No 3 
with hs initial confidence 
turning to grief-laden stabs of 
pain, into the deeper anguish 
of the “Appassionato”, a dark 
night of the spirit (hat never 
the less found its salvation. 
This was a beautifully propor- 
tioned performance, with 
even the long repeat in foe last 
movement taken at full stretch 
to balance the musical 

The pianist has always 
maintained that each such 
repeat should never be simply 
foe same notes played again. 

at • a* snip m ■ 
0 Iva j 



some effective theatrical tricks 
to indicate the jealousies be- 
tween these various personal- 
ity fragments. Their perform- 
ances are lively enough to hold 
our attention and foe play has 
a daft charm of a distinct and 
individual kind. But since 
every crisis is revealed as 
another layer of make-believe 
we never learn foe motives for 
such collusive role-playing. 
Life Itself is not so slippery. 

Jeremy Kingston j 

and I would have hoped to 
bear more variation in the 
exposition repeat of Op 81a, 
“Les Adieux”. Yet foe states 
of mind so clearly reflected in 
foe music were communicated , 
with clarity and candour, the 
eventual sense of rejoicing 
never becoming merely 

Perhaps foe greatest virtue 
of Mr Arrau’s insight into 
Beethoven is that be is always 
concerned to point the musi- 
cal reasons for whatever hap- 
pens, and foe equally musical 
consequences that flow from 
that The occasional blurred 
texture early in foe pro- 
gramme was easily overtaken 
by foe prevailing strength of 
spirit not least in an account 
of foe “Waldstein” sonata at 
the end that will be magnifi- 
cently memorable for its disci- 
pline as well as its grandeur. 

Noel Goodwin 




The “Festival conditions” I 
referred to were not available 
until Stephen Aden and Ed- 
mund Tracey of Sadler's 
Wells, greatly perceptive, 
greatly daring, gave him a 
young cast for a new English 
production of The Masters inf- 
ers and months of preparation 
in which to bring them and foe 
orchestra to foe boil. 

What emerged from that 
period of rehearsal was not so 
much brilliant, which would 
have been fine, as totally and 
in every way satisfactory, 
which is even rarer. Nothing 
was left to chance, everyone's 
qualities were brought to the 
fore, their failings gradually 
eliminated, until the 
Gesamikunstwerk Wagner 
dreamt of was before foe 

Here was no magician wav- 
ing a wand so that everything 
came suddenly right on foe 
night, rafoer an analyst with 
the knowledge and the pa- 
tience to take everything 
apart, foe time and foe will to 
put it together again, and foe 
soul of a poet, so that the 
finished product shone with 
foe composer's light and illu- 
minated foe score as seldom 

Like many great artists, 
Reggie Goodall has his para- 

doxes. If it is foe Ring and 
Parsifal he aspires to. among 
repertory operas, it is Manon 
and Turanaot he has conduct- 
ed best. 

When he works with sing- 
ers. it is not only fidelity to the 
notes he emphasizes but deaf 
diction and an expressive way 
with words, with the result 
that his singers sing Wagner 
wifo a natural line and a sense 
of legato which would do 
credit to the great students of 
bei canto. 

Over some 20 years, Reggie 
has become an institution and 
set standards in England and 
Wales for Wagnerian perfor- 
mances, for seriousness of 
approach which admits no 
short cuts, and his achieve- 
ment has affected audiences to 
their permanent benefit. 

It is peculiarly fitting that 
his performance of Parsifal 
Act 3 at the Aldeburgh Festi- 
val on Sunday should not only 
stand in its own Wagnerian 
right but should celebrate foe 
85th birthday of one of his 
mentors and one of foe first 
people to recognize his sover- 
eign gifts, Joan Cross. 

This article, in slightly differ- 
ent form, appears in the pro- 
gramme book of the 1986 
Aldeburgh Festival. 

Bath Festival 

More than mere 
words can tell 

New London 
St John's, Bath 

It looked a very odd pro- 
gramme that foe New London 
Chamber Choir was bringing 
to the Bath Festival: Josquin's 
Hercules Dux Ferrariae mass 
and his lament for Ockeghera, 
then a new piece by Mark- 
Anthony Turnage, then 
Messiaen’s Cinq rechants. But 
it turned out to make sense. 

This was all music of virtu- 
osity, showing off foe extraor- 
dinary control of texture, 
rhythm and fine dynamic 
shading foal James Wood and 
his amateur ringers have de- 
veloped together. Also, it was 
all music that left words some 
way behind. 

Messiaen's own sounds and 
phrases are hardly more than 
the vehicle for an incantation, 
and T urn age’s treatment of his 
chosen poem by Steven 
Berkoff is supremely disrup- 
tive. leaving a smoking 
bombrite of tattered pho- 
nemes and loose images. 

Josquin, of course, could 
hardly treat foe mass in foe 
same way, yet what he sets is 
not foe text so much as foe 
idea: the spanning musical 
architecture could equally well 
be supported by different ver- 

bal ideas, just as the same 
ideas could be very variously 
accommodated in foe works 
of Josquin and his 

What is special about foe 
Duke Ercole mass, though, is 
its effectiveness in concert 
performance, thanks no doubt 
to its relative brevity but also 
to its calmly exposed con- 
struction. to the fact that, 
perhaps, it was made as much 
for the study as the chance!. 
Sung within foe sympathetic 
acoustic of a Victorian Gothic 
church, this was a perfor- 
mance that managed to be 
both lively and serene. 

Tumage's One Hand in 
Brooklyn Heights is a different 
matter, a work of abrupt 
dislocations as one complex 
texture is changed for another 
or one word is sung in three or 
four different ways at foe same 

It is glistening splintered 
music, a precarious balance of 
blues progressions and ticking 
automatic devices, scat sing- 
ing and rich, radiant harmony. 
But one needs to bear it all: 
here we had, not altogether 
unsuitably, just two fingers in 
Brooklyn Heights. One awaits 
foe rest keenly, preferably in a 
performance that realizes foe 
composer's dramatic 

Paul Griffiths 

TNI A « T 0 9 


JUNE 17, 20, 25, 

JULY 4, 7,10 AT 7.30PM 













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Wider area was 


by Chernobyl 

From Christopher Walker. Moscow 

More than five weeks after 
the Chernobyl nuclear 
disaster, the official Commu- 
nist Party newspaper Pravda 
revealed for die first lime 
yesterday that contaminated 
areas had been evacuated in 
territory beyond the original 
18-mile exclusion zone 
thrown up around! the stricken 

The report from the Byelo- 
russian capital of Minsk also 
detailed stringent preventive 
measures taken by the 
republic's Government, in- 
cluding the evacuation of 

60.000 children, the closing of 
wells and the asphalting of dirt 
roads from which radioactive 
dust was being blown. 

The paper said that detailed 
examination had shown that 
some parts inside the original 
exclusion zone were “clean", 
while others outside its bor- 
ders had been found to be 
“dirty" or contaminated. 

No indication was given of 
the extent of the extra area of 
Soviet land found to have 
suffered from excessive fall- 

A total of 9X000 people 
were evacuated from the origi- 
nal zone in the first week after 
the disaster, and a further 

250.000 children subsequently 
evacuated from the region of 
the Ukrainian capital of Kiev 
for the duration of the 

Pravda quoted Mr Alexan- 
der Petrov, chairman of the 
Council of Ministers of Byelo- 
russia. as explaining that de- 
tailed checking had enabled 
the authorities to move some 
of the evacuees back into the 
exclusion zone and to evacu- 
ate others from areas outside 
discovered to be “dangerous". 


}yj MMl pT 
q I Byatarussla 5 ^QonwJ 

£ V Chwnobyl®^ 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh attend a reception in 
connection with the II th Con- 
ference of Academies and Aca- 
demic Associations of General 
Practiuoners/Family Phy- 
sicians. Science Museum, 6 JO. 

The Duke of Edinburgh at- 
tends the National Maritime 
Museum's trustees meeting, Na- 
tional Maritime Museum, 
Greenwich. 10: and Later attends 
a dinner in aid of the Royal 
National Institute for the Deaf, 
Whitbread Brewery, ECI, 8. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mather attends the Founder's 
Day parade. Royal Hospital, 
Chelsea, 10.50. 

The Prince of Wales attends 
the South of England Show, 
Ardingiy. Sussex, 1 1. 

Princess Anne opens the new 
Royal British Legion country 
home. Rhayadar. Powys, 11.10; 
and then opens the new coating 
plant at The Wiggins Teape 
roup mill, Ely, Cardiff, 2: later. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17 

I i 


1 Footwork by footballer 
brings strong reaction (8). 

5 Knowing about one series of 
books — Hardy perhaps? (6). 

8 A way of shopping in the 
Australian outback (5.5). 

9 In Yorkshire, a morning pa- 
per (4). 

10 Rides in a boat within the 
Canaries (6-8). 

11 Exhausted doctor, first class 
chap (7). 

13 Selfish people say it's so 
wrong (7). 

15 Be economical, in vain (7). 

18 Walks over one not strictly 
1 dn( 7). 

21 Use my skin and bones to 
make mischief (6,8). 

22 Part of the British Isles a 
part of America? . . . (4). 

23 . . . and another pan once 
where new GIs trained (4,6). 

24 Sah water to follow (3-3). 

25 Badly cut, seel (8). 


1 Communist sustaining 
friendly relations (7). 

2 Look out when a youth 
carrying a note boards a 
train (9). 

3 Black root for sprout (7). 

4 Made firm reduce order 
tint's turned up (7). 

Concise crossword page 10 


S * 

“fa a word, ui the place of 
emotions, technologically 
complicated, long and ^com- 
plex .work has come," the 
paper reported. 

“Its aim is not to let the 
negative influence of the radi- 
ation affect the health of the 

All previous reports in the 
official media here have indi- 
cated that no area outside the 
exclusion zone bad been seri- 
ously affected, although 
weather reports indicated that 
the cloud drifted across Byelo- 
russia when it was at its most 

Pravda s account yesterday 
spoke of evacuees leaving the 
southern Gomel region of 
Byelorussia, but was vague 
about the exact area affected. 

Mr N.Mazai. deputy chair- 
man of the ruling Council of 
Ministers of Byelorussia — 
some of which falls into the 
original exclusion zone 
around the crippled plant — 
was quoted as saying that 
60.000 Soviet children had 
been evacuated from the Go- 
mel region as part of “Opera- 
tion Children". 

He said that children under 
three had been evacuated with 
their mothers, those from 
three to six moved away with 
their state-run kindergartens, 
and that the whole operation 
to clear the “dangerous zone” ' 
of the affected region of I 
southern Byelorussia bad been ! 
completed speedily. I 

The article made clear that a 
refinement of the original 
zone was underway, rather 
than the creation of a new one 
further to the north as indicat- 
ed early yesterday by Western 
news agency reports reports 
based on a mistranslation of 

But the paper gave a clear 
indication that the effects of 
the disaster had been more 
wide-ranging than previously 
reported here. 

It said that people living in 
the south Gomel region had 
been warned against eating 
any food grown on private 
plots and that the state was 
providing tinned milk, meat 
and vegetables to make up for 

Gorbachov proposals, page 7 

as Commandant in Chief, Si 
John Ambulance and Nursing 
Cadets, she attends the St. John 
Evening, the Country Club, 
Yatton. 8.15. 

Princess Margaret visits 
Sound and Vision Corporation. 
Cbalfont Grove, nr Gerrards 
Cross. Bucks, 3. 

Prince Michael of Kent visits 
Arlington Motor Company, 
Northampton, and opens a new 
Mercedes Benz facilty at 1X10. 
New exhibitions 
Paintings by Barrie Cooke: 
Arts Council Gallery. Bedford 
SL Belfast; Toes to Sat 10 to 6 
(ends June 27). 

Paintings and sculpture by 10 
Hull artists: Peacock Gallery, 
Craiganm. Northern Ireland; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 5 (ends June 

Exhibitions in progress 
Colour. Image & Construc- 
tion by John Brinkley Fellows; 
Norwich School of Art Gallery, 
St. George Stret, Norwich; Mon 
to Sat 10 to 5 (ends 3rd July). 

How the Trains came to 
Hastings; Hastings Museum 


Continued from page 1 
pretfirtfoBS became fewer and 

A- Christie^ press officer 
wrote to the core— afcsdoas 

-V o . l 

msmm < 

The Prince and Princess of Wales share a joke at Epsom on the princess's first visit to the Derby \ 

vi--. • 4 

Joan Collins and her hnsfaand at Epsom yesterday 

to the 

Costumed from page 1 
monarch what looked surpris- 
ingly like a glare. 

A frosty spectator, whose 
richesse was definitely not 
nouveau, boned to her hlack- 
toppered husband and de- 
clared fcfly. “I do wish we were 
at Ascot Epsom has become 
so common." 

Michael Seely writes: A 
storm of criticism greeted the 
riding tactics of Grevflle 
Starkey after Dancing Brave, 
at 2-1 the shortest priced 
favourite for the Derby since 
El Gran Senor was controver- 
sially defeated by Secrete in 
.■ 1984, had been beaten half a 

f length by Shahrastaai. 

Starkey's only comment 
was, “Dancing Brave over- 
i relaxed in the early stages and 
didn't quicken what I first 
asked mm." 

Guy Harwood, Dancing 
Brave's trainer, said: “The 
- v idea that Grevflle and I have 
3 , had a row is absolute rubbish. 
We've beat together as a *«*■ 
for far too long." 

Hailsbam favours 
new fees structure 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Lord Chancellor, Lord 
Hailsbam of St Marylebone. 
said yesterday that be would 
“greatly . welcome" the cre- 
ation of some kind ofindepen- 
dent advisory body to assist in 
negotiating fees with the legal 

He was responding to a 
debate in the Lords in which 
practising and former judges, 
including three law lords, and 
other senior peers with a legal 
background, attacked the level 
of criminal legal -aid fees, and 
-urged a new fees mechanism 
in place of the present direct 
negotiation. ' 

Lord Haflsham said that he 
was not “unfriendly" to the 
suggestion, provided it conld 
be fitted in with the present 
statutory arrangements under 
which he must set a “fair and 
reasonable” level of pay. 

He said that he could not 
bring in such a body this year, 
before the present negotia- 
tions between the profession 

and the Government were 
concluded m July. . 

“Everyone must accept 
that, tike it or not, we are stoat 
with direct negotiation this 
year. But I must say, if we 
could find a mechanism, 
whether an advisory commit- 
tee or otherwise, which could 
help as a basis for any decision 
which the statute requires me 
to make, and sweeten the 
atmosphere, I would greatly 
welcome il" . 

The move for a new fees, 
advisory body was supported 
by some 15 judges and legal 
peers yesterday, led by Lord 
Benson, who opened the de- 
bate. He is dimrman of the 
Royal Gommissioa on Legal 
Sendees, which first suggested 
the idea. ' : 

It comes in the woke of the 
Bar’s legal action against Lord 
Haflsham over his 5 per .cent 
increase for criminal legal-aid 
fees, and led u> an. extended 
timetable for the talks. . . 

. Parliament, page 4 

between ■ S$ million and 
$9 uffies was expected far 

the pafitimgs. On.'sene, pre- 
sale estimates -were quoted 
betow the reserve price, in 
direct contradiction of 
Christie's own code of 


: On the day before the safe, 
however,' Mr Bathurst team- 
meodedno swriftamt change 
. to the'eripnal high reserves. 
In the event, only one picture 
tend a buyer, a Degas por- 
traitof Manet, which made a 
record price of$ 2 ^mffieu. 

. E m barrassed by its fadtre 
Christie’S teW the Press that 
three paintings had been sold 
and late- repeated this nrism- 
fi m nation in a formal press 
release. R was that d i sacm ina - 
ti&n of false frrfamwritm. for 
whicfrMr Rattans then cfaur- 
man of the NewYbrk opera- 
tion tost responrihtfft y, that 
led to hferesgaatioB last year. 

CristafSaalnwngHifaGr ac- 
tion one year after the sale, in 
don far losses ffiey had 
rtocored as a result of 
ChristieY had advices, and 
paritfra damages far firands- 
leiir misrepresentation, aegfr- 
gence, breach of contract and 
breach of fiduciary duty on the 
part of Christie’s. 

CristaHina found buyers far 
four of the etght pictures 
during the next two years at 
prices wefi below Christie's 
price estimates. 

The eras of the judgement 
far Mr BaflnBrs4 Christie's 
and the fafare of the aaction 
rooms in America is their 
Itabffity far had advice. The 
judgement breaks new legal 
ground with these words: 

“Even asstmtog that Bafb- 
Hrst, in advising Cristailina as 
to the value of the printings 
and setting reserves, was 
merely expressing haophriom, 
which is net actionable, rather 
than a repcesentaffan as to 

aaabiSntfoit toTender such 



“Statements of value am, in 
certain cfrcumstances, be re- 
garded as a representation of 

Mietim Far# ** ’ ■ 


5 Anticipation is a help to a 
marksman (9). 

6 Jewish kings go np in num- 
ber (7). 

7 Feature about bridge players 
passing (7). 

12 Tom's friend, for instance, 
accepting Reginald's present 

14 Messy site reorganized and 
put in order (9). 

I« An unidentified person, 
“Anon", embraced me with 
energy (7). 

17 Grease coating some rope 

18 Sink for keeping coal in (7). 

19 Edward I provided soaring 
church bunding (7). 

20 Flowers, say, gone astray 

Solution to Pnzde No 17,063 

p. ra m r e n ^ 

n n & & m m m 
iiccraHE- laKEneoEn 
s • h a is ra 

... H -®- s S EBP!- 

R . g ■ r 

P ra G'.-E [■? E 15 S 
■•KEEPS i=JII@t2^Sb!3E 

la E. GE r? EES is 

and Art Gallery. Cambridge 
Road: Mon to Sai 10 to 1, 2 lo 5 
(ends July 6). 

Spanish Civil War Exhibition; 
James Dun's House. SchoolhilL 
Aberdeen; Mon to Sal 10 to 5 
(ends August 9). 

Lighthouses, paintings and 
drawings by David Smith; 
Towner Art Gallery, East- 
bourne; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 
2io 5 (ends June 29). 

Edmund Blampied 1886 to 
1966; The Centenary of this 
Artist; Guernsey Museum & Art 
Gallery, Candle Gardens. St 
Rner Fort, Guernsey; Mon to 
Sun 1030 to 5.30 (ends June 
22 ). ■ 

• Precision Pendulum Cocks; 
Derek Roberts Antiques. 24-25 
Shipboume Rd, Tonbridge, 
Kent Mon to Sat 9.30 to 5.30 
(ends June 21). 

Goodey Collection: pictures 
oF Old Derby, huntings by 
Rosemary' Davies; City Mu- 
seum and Art Gallery, Derby 
Tues to Sat 10 to 5 (ends June 7). 

Exhibition by The Button- 
hook Society, Rozeile House. 
Rozelte Park, Ayr; Mon to Sat 
1 1 to 5. Sun I to 5 (ends June 

Built Up Areas: urban land- 
scapes: Mac Robert Arts Centre 
Gallery. Stirling University, 
Mon to Sun 9am to 10pm (ends 
June 8). 

Last chance to see 

New paintings by Philip 
Hicks: Bohun Gallery, Station 
R<L Henley-on-Thames; 10 to 


Rowers. Field and Garden: 
The Dower House Gallery. 108 
Hijgi St, Berkhamsted, 10 to 


Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra: Royal Concert HalL 
Nottingham. 730. 

Recital by the Micbala Pein 
Tno; Belton House, Lincoln- 
shire. 730. 

Concert by the Albemi Siring 
Quartet and Martin Hughes 
(piano); St George's, Brandon 
Hill. Bristol, I. 

Recital by Timothy 
Mottershcad (piano) and the 
Siamnz Clannei Quartet: Liver- 
pool Parish Church. Pier Head, 

Festival of Organ Music, Sl 
D avid's Hall. CudtfT. 7.30. 

Recital by Penelope Roskell 
and Rosalind Rawustey (piano 
and voice): Royal Festival Hall. 
South Bank, 5EI.7. 

Windsor Variations: concert 
by the Northern Sinfonia and 
i Jeanette Mountain (cello): Sl 
J ohn's. Keswick. 8.15. 


The predatory behaviour of 
the weasel, by Mrs Moira Owen; 
Garforth House, 54 Micklegale, 
York; 730. 


Let Glasgow Flourish: Rower 
Festival; Glasgow Cathedral; 
today, tomorrow and Saturday, 
all day. 

South of England Show; 
Ardingiy. W. Sussex ; today until 
Sat 8 to 6. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30k Channel 
Tunnel Bill second reading and 
motion for its committal to 
select committee. 

Lords (3): Gas Bill, commit- 
tee. sixth day. 

Our address 

Books — paperback 


The Literary Editor's selection of interesting books published this week 

Eve. Her Story, by Penelope Fanner (Abacus, £355) 

Finders Weepers, by Max Byrd (ASson & Busby, £2 .95) 

Fhe Tides, by JB Patorr Walsh (Green Bay, £3Jfc) 

Goodbye, Cojgwbna. by PhiHp Roth (Pengiin, £335) 


A State of Fear, Memories of Argentina's Nig h tmare, by Andrew Graham- 
Yooll (Band Books. £4.95) 

Coming Down the Setan, by Robert G*b4ngs fWateretone and Co.. £6.95) 
Notes of a Tour in Notatem Italy, by George E. Sheet (Watoretono apd Co, 

Tartuffe, by Mofidre. A Translation into Scots, by Uz Loch head (Polygon, 

The Airman and the Carpenter, by Ludovic Kennedy (Fontana, £355) 
TTwikers of the Twentieth Century, edited by Elizabeth Devine, kGchaet 
Held. James Vinson, George Walsh (F trethom, £1255) _PH 


Births: Adam Smith , political 
economist, Kirkaldy, Scotland, 

1723; Pfcndao Villa, revolu- 
tionary and guerrilla leader, San 
Juan del Rio. Mexico, 1878; 

Igor Stravinsky (new style June 
17), Oranienbaum 

(Lomonosov). 1 882; John May- 
nard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes, 

Cambridge. 1883: Dame Ivy 
Co m pt on - Barnett, novelist. Pin- 
ner. Middlesex, 1884; Fiederko 
Garcia Lorca, poet and drama- 
tist, Fueme Vaqueros. Spain, 


Deaths: Orlando Gibbons, 
composer. Canterbury, . 1625; 

Carl Maria von Weber, Eutra. 

Holstein (Germany). 1826; Ste- 
phen Crane, novelist and poet, 

Baden weiler. Germany, 1900; 

O. Henry, (William Sydney 
Porter), short story writer. New 
York City, I9!(h Horatio Her- 
bert Kitchener. 1st Earl Kitch- 
ener of Kaitoum, Fietd-marsbaL. 
lost at sea when HMS Hamp- 
shire struck a mine off the 
Orkneys, 1916. 

£250,000 bonds 

The winning number of this 
month's £250.000 Premium 
Bond prize is: 9LS 285850. The 
winner lives in Berkshire. 

Weather I— 

A NW to N flow will cover 
the U.IL, while there is a 
depresskm ia the North 
Sea.. . 

6 am to midoiglit 

TODAY huun b jhww h 

Times Pomona CSold roles are as 


I nines Portfolio K free Purchase 
of The Times to not a condition or 
taking part- 

4 The ^ dally .envuend will be 
announced each day and the weekly 
dividend -will Be announced each 
Saturday In The Times 
i 5 Times Portfolio Rst and defdls of 
me dally or weekly dividend win also 
be avail aiuc lor Inspection at me 
offices of The Tuna 

1 13 

Ten toy 

16 61 

Hr.., r a-dira 


16 61 
17 83. 





14 57- 

13 55 
12 54 

14 67 

15 SS 
15 59 
14 57 







C MWf 

-x • x 

15 61 

16 61 


16 61 
15 59 
15 50 



16 61- 
15 SB 

is ei 

13 55 
18 55 

Hrr ’M 

C F 
- IS 59 
02 15 59 
14 14 57 
17 14 57 
07. IS 55 

08 16 B1 
19 IS 59 
05 16 Bt 
02- .15 SS 
-25 15 S9 
SSI 13 55 
.28.13 55 
ID 15 SB 
10 14 57 
07 15 59 


Yugoaiavta Dm 
Rates lor sent denomination bank notes 
only as suppled by Barclays Bank PUC 
Different rates apply to traveller* 
cheques and otbsr roreispi currency 

Jtetti Price Ms* 38S3 

LondOft The FT Mu closed Uowi 2 1 at 



*/ R,lJ -i'=a ;?«Oi 
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: -£& 

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-I? ' 







FT 30 Share 
1320.6 (+0.2) 

FT-SE 100 
1601.4 (-0.8) 




US Dollar.. 
1.4835 ( 

W German mark 

3.3764. (-04)2) 
Trade- weic 
75.7 HM 

out over ‘almost 
merger boom’ 

By Richard Lauder 

pub sale 

Mansfield Brewery is to sell 
90 of its 430 outlets, mduding- 
78 northern pubs and dubs, 
for £13 million cash to J W 
Cameron, a wholly owned 
subsidiary of Eliennan Hold- 
ings. Most of the outlets woe; 
bought by Mansfield last year 
as part of its £42' million 
purchase of North Cotmtiy 
Brewery, from Northern 
'Foods.: -• 

The funds from the sale will 
be used initially to reduce 
short-term borrowings' and 
should lower Mansfield’s gear- 
ing, which rose to about 100 
per cent alter it issued deben- 
tures and increased bank bor- 
rowings to fund the North 
Country deal. Eventually, the 
proceeds put towards 
refurbishing the group's other- 

. ' Mansfield shares rose 7p to 
454p after, the news yesterday. 

Reed pay-out 

Reed International's pretax 
profits jumped 28 per cent to 
£137 million for the year to 
March 31 on turnover down 9 
per cent to £1.9 billion. The 
dividend was increased 4p to 
,.18.5p. Each £l share wifi be 
. subdivided into four shares of 
■25p.~ ’ • Tempos, page 23 

Tenby offer 

1 . Tenbylndustries, a wholly- 
owned - subs diary of BSR 
International, is comingto the 
stock market through an offer 
for .sale- which values the 
company at £]9.7 million. 

; Teinpas, page 23 

Guthrie fisting 

Guthrie Corporation, the 
automotive - CQmpQnPn^and J 
aviation services company, is | 
joining ' the stodc majket ,vi*T‘ 
an offer for sate by . N M 
Rothschild of 3 $ : miUion 
shares at 15Qsp each; valuing 
the company at £123 xa2Hon. 
Applications are due by June 
11. ‘ Tempos, page 23 

Pru purchase 

Prudential Properly Ser- 
vices, part of the Prudential 
Corporation, has joined the 
league of leading estate agents 
with the purchase of SnnshaHs 
Team, a Leicestershire firm, 
for an undisclosed sum in cash 
.and shares., JtadQffidnQw 
has 92 estate agency offices. 

Specialists go 

Four specialists, indadhuz 
Mr Robert Golding, have left 
County Bank to help Laing & 
Cruickshank, part of the Mer- 
cantile House group, to start a 
Japanese equities department 
Another two specialists have 
joined from Gnevesod Grant 

Boosey stake 

The American Carl Fischer 
group yesterday raised its 
stake in Boosey & Hawkes, the 
loss-making music publisher 
and instrument maker, from 
49.2 to 5Q.1 per cent Fischer 
has said ft wifi reject an £8 
million, 215p-arsharc bid by 
Music Sales. Boosey fell back 
.3p.toi77p— : ■ 

Bonn, surplus 

West Germany had a trade 
surplus of 'DM 10 billion (£3. . 
billion) and a current account 
surplus of DM8 J billion. in 
April. France had a current 
account surplus of FFr6.97. 
billion <£640 million), in. the 
first quarter of 1986.- 

Sir Gordon Boride, the Di- 
rector GeneraT of Faff Trad- 
ing, yesterday -hit. out oyer 
what be called “the frothy and 
almost hysterical merger 
boom” that has swept the-City 
over the last six months. 

In his introduction to his 
office’s report for 1985 to Mr 
Paul Channoit, the Secretary 
of State for Trade and Indus- 
try. Sir Gordon expressed 
particular worries over the 
costs involved in staging and 
defending bids, tire financing 
methods used to -launch take- 
overs and the 'growing use of 
advertising to persuade share- 
holders in a target company to 
stay loyal or choose between 
predators. . 

The report was published 
just a day before Mr Michael 
Howard, the Minister for Cor- 
porate and Consumer Affairs, 
is due to outline- a long- 
awaited government review of 
mergers and competitions pol- 

icy in reply to a Commons 
question this afternoon. 

However, Sir Gordon main- 
tained that the present system 
Of reviewing mergers bad 
stood - up well to what he 
-described as “merger mania” 
and the advent of the “mega- 
ranger” and he said that the 
effect on the public interest 
remained his primary 

He declared: “The feet that 
the assets of a target company 
amounted to more than a 
billion, pounds was almost 
irrelevant— bigness may or 
may not be beautiful, but 
under my. scrutiny it is certain- 
ly not automatically bad.” 

Nonetheless, the director 
general had some harsh words 
to say about the side effects of 
the biggitst mergers. 

He pointed out that the 
costs involved on both sides of 
a bid bad to be met ultimately 
from-the- profits of the busi- 

nesses involved, adding: 
These transactions make 
heavy demands on manage- 
ment time and it has been 
suggested that the constant 
threat of takeover may have 
an undesirable effect on 
companies' strategic 

Although Sir Gordon ad- 
mitted that these issues went 
beyond his powers to advise 
on whether a particular bid 
should be referred to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission, he said he 
thought it was right to refer the 
Elders DCL bid for .Allied- 
Lyons, “which demonstrated 
in an extreme form the new 
trend to mount bids with 
borrowed money” 

Looking at the growing 
trend for companies involved 
in bids to take advertising on 
television and newspapers. Sir 
Gordon said: T have certainly 
wondered myself whether the 

advertiser feels be is gening 
value for money or is engaging 
in the practice merely because 
the other side is doing so. 

M It does not influence me 
and I doubt its influence on 

Figures in the annual report 
bear out Sir Gordon's refer- 
ences to the growth of “me 
mergers." Although the Off 
of Fair Trading considered 
only 192 mergers last year - 
against 259 in 1984 — their 
total value rose by 150 per 
cent, from £6 billion to £15 
billion, boosting the average 
bid from £23 million to £78 

The OFT said that in one 
week in December, a time 
when AJlied-Lyons, Flessey, 
Imperial Group and Distilleis 
were all subject to bids in 
excess of£J billion, it received 
reports of new mergers worth 
more than the entire 1984 

and Fine Fare for £700m 

Mr Alec -Monk's Dee Cor- 
poration joined die supermar- 
ket snperleagne yesterday 
when it agreed to buy the Fine 
Fare ass# Shoppers Paradise 
Store chflins lroni Mr Garfield 
Weston's Associated British 
Foods' group in a deal worth 

The vastly expanded group 
wffl have a turnover of £3 
billion and 11 per cent of the 
British grocery trade, dose 
behind its big rivals, J 
Saiasbary and Te$co. . 

But there was some concern 
la the stock market r- which 
has to absorb another huge 
dunk of Dee shares to JEmance 
the, deal — that it has paid a 
heavy price. - 

However, Mr Mbnksafcfc T 
don't think we have paid too 
lunch. It is not a question of 
what Fine .Fare was earning 

By Cliff Feitham 

last jear, bat bow much it can 
be made to earn when we put it 
together with onr groop and 
achieve very considerable 

Fine Fare, which has been 
.part of ABF Jor many 
has annual sales of 
bfilMmand slightly more than 5 
per gent of the packaged 
■grocery trade. Profits lor the 
latest 12 months were up 24 
per cent, at £333 million. 

The 280 Fine Fare stores 
wifi he merged with Dee's 
Gateway and Carrefonr opera- 
tions over the next three years. 
Mr Monk has so for not spelt 
out plans for the 139 Shoppers 
Paradise discount stores. 

- Assocsated Britisb Foods is 
taking £362 million of Dee 
shares, which will give It 15 
per cent of the enlarged group. 
It has pledged hot to sell any 

shares for at least six months. 

Another £350 million of 
shares is being placed with 
City institutions -to pay the 
debt which comes with the 
business. The City is asked to 
pay in two stages: £1 on 
application and the balance of 
137p on September 26. 

Mr Ahm Jones; food store 
analyst at Phillips & Drew, the 
stockbroker, thought Mr 
Monk had paid a high price. 
He said: “He will have to work 
hard at rationalization to see 
any benefits and they will not 
be in the short term”. 

Associated British Foods, 
which has more than 30 per 
cent of the bread market 
through its Snnblest brand, 
says it has derided to concen- 
trate on food manufacturing 
instead of re tailing. 

for Lloyds 

By ffichard^Ihomson 
Banking Correspondent 

Lloyds Bank's i\2 billion 
bid! for Standard Chartered 
has so fer received the thumbs 
down from Standard share- 
holders. Uoydssaid yesterday 
that ft had received 0.29 per 
cent acceptances by Tuesday 
afternoon, ' the first closing 

toto?. ..: ... . . ■: 

It also extended the offer by 
a further three-weeks. 

The. bank said had 
received - acceptances of 
451,779. Standard shares in- 
cluding 58,000 which remain 
subject to verification. Lloyds 
owned no Standard shares 
when it announced its inten- 
tion to bid two months ago 
and has bought no shares since 
then. - 

The Lloyds Bank pension 
fund, which holds 430,000 
Standard shares, or 0.28 per 
cent of the total, appears not 
to have, accepted the offer so 
fer. . 

J Henry Schroder" Waga, the 
merchant bank ad vising Stan- 
dard in its defence, said that 
the number of acceptances 
seemed extremriy small even 
at . this stage in the bid. It was 
Bkely to mean' that JL3oy J ~ 
would have to raise its- of 
before it could hope to receive 

sufficient acceptances to win. 

But after the ahnouncement 
the Standard share price 
dropped a further 2p to 792p, 
a full £1 below its price hi the 
lime Lloyds announced its 
bid. -.The -shares are now 42p 
above the 750p basic offer put 
forward by Lloyds. - . 

Loan rate hopes grow 
despite weaker pound 

By Dsviil Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Money maricet interest rates against the dollar, dipping 90 

points to S1.4835, and against 

M A R K t T S U A 1 M A R Y 


Dow Jonas . 
UikkeT Dow 
Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng 



~ 1857.24 (r 13.19) 
1680231 <+13121) 
1756.67 j-1 

_ 289.6 (-0.60) 
1 223-4 1+Z9j 

Commerzbank- — ^ 18049frW) 

Rninm Rc 

General 618,81 (+029) 

Partes CAC 351.1 (-&00) 


SKA General 530:10 (sane) 

London doting price* WBP».3f 



£ 81.4835- . 
£: DM33784 
£ FFrtO.7457 
£: fndex:75.7 

New York: 
& DM2.2785 
5: index: 117.3 

ECU &L636542 
SDR £0.772304 


London; r 

Bank Bose: 1035 . - ; 

3<norahtotarbw*S ,v i4>^W6- . 
3-month b^S^9 7 32% 
buyrng rata ; ; . . R - “ ' 

Prime Ra»«JQ% 

- Federal Foods ?»«% " 

3-monfh TreaswyBHb 6J51-&58 

' bVia- '- ■ . 



Cadbny . 

■Thomson T-Une , 


Executex IDBp +1! 

Longton Industrial — 221 p tlOp 
RMDooglss . — J—L; lifts +1Pp 
Oxford Instruments ^.526p +}1p 
Brant Waflcei’ — ; — S5p (+6p 
Reed International — . 919p i+75p 
WM Baird , 

Uni group : .. 


Pearl Assurance 
MountWgh — 






A B Foods- 

Dee Corporation .. 

Blue Circle ^ — 646p (-! . . 
Hanson Trust 

, Rotafiex — 378p f-7p) 

B^^an Pnsperttes ... 530p4"^P) 



•AM $341 -40pnv-$340.75 
Close S340.75-341-25 (£229.00- 
229^7) - - . ' - r : 

li«W Yoricr 

Cohex 834050^4^40 ' : ’ . 

fell again ■yesterday, as hopes 
persisted of a cut in base rates 
within die next few days. 
Rates edged down by '/ia or 
per cent, despite some signs of 
weakness for the pound. 

The triggeribr a cut in rates, 
now 10 per cent, to 9.5 per 
cent, could come with the 
money supply figures next 

These are expected to show 
a sharp slowdown in broad 
money growth, or foiling that 
the inflation figures, due the 
following Friday. 

But some dealers main- 
tained that rates could fell 
before the end of the week. 
The last time base rates were 
in single figures was at the end 
of 1984. Yesterday, the ihree- 

the mark, with a two pfennig 
fen to DM3.3795. The sterling 
index fell 0.4 to 75.7. 

This was mainly due to oil 
price weakness on the spot 
market, together with the 
announcement of a SO cent' 
cm, to $11.50 a barrel, in 
Egypt's- benchmark crude oil 

. The foreign exchange mar- 
kets also appear to have built a 
short-term cut in base rates 
into their calculations. 

The outlook for the dollar 
remains uncertain, although 
tbegeneral expectation is for a 
further decline, after a -pause 
for breath. 

In Boston yesterday, Mr 
James Baker, the US Treasury 

month interbankrate closed at * Secretary, repealed his call for 
9^18-9% per cent, and the exchange rate stability but 
one-month rate was 10-9% per refused to comment on wfaeih- 
cenu er this included the dollar/yen 

The pound lost ground exchange rate. 

C&W puts 
£67m Into 
sea cable 

By Jeremy Warner 

Business Correspondent 

Cable and Wireless, the 
international telecommunica- 
tions operator, is to invest 
$100 million (£67.2- million) 
in a new fibre-optic cable 
between the United States and 

This investment will form 
part of the company's strategy 
for building a global telecom- 
munications network. 

The $500 million cable, 
which will carry 60,000 simul- 
taneous telephone calls, is 
expected to go into service in 
the second half of 1989. 

C and W is taking a 20 per 
cent interest in the US end of 
the project, with the rest 
owned by Pacific Telecom, 
one of the largest non-Bell 
telephone operators in the US. 

■ It also hopes to lake a 20per 
cent share in the Japanese 
end-Talks are taking place 
with a number of Japanese 
companies with the intention 
of forming a joint venture for 
the project 

The cable will run between 
Washington State and Japan. 
A connection with Alaska, 
mainly for national security 
use, is also planned. 

Capacity on the cable wifi be 
sold or leased to private users. 
C and W also intends to retain 
some capacity for its own use 
and that of Mercury Commu- 
nications, the C and W subsid- 
iary licensed by the 
Government to compete with 
British Telecom. 

Mr Joe Crouch, C and Ws 
marketing director, said be 
believed that the higb-quaLity 
digital systems which would 
come into service towards the 
end of the decade would create 
massive fresh demand. 

He said it would create 
customer-choice on the Pacif- 
ic route as well as comple- 
menting the transatlantic 
optical-fibre system in which 
C&W is participating. 

£4.8m profits herald 
brighter TV-am day 

• By Teresa Poole 

TV-am/the once troubled million and turnover last year 

showed ail 88 per cent im- 
provement to £29.3 million. 
Profits were struck after pay- 
ing £4.29 million in exchequer 

TV-am has increased its 
share of the breakfast televi- 
rion audience to 64 per cent 
and now reaches an average, 
weekly audience of more than 
12.5 million. 

- The flotation on the Unlist- 
ed Securities Market is likely 
to value the company at about 
£40 million. 

The shares to be sold are the 
33.9 per cent of the company 
owned by United Newspapers 
through its takeover of Fleet. 

independent breakfast televi- 
sion station, yesterday an- 
nounced a "sharp U-turn in 
trading performance and con- 
firmed- that it was on course 
for -a July stock market 

Pretax profits for the year to 
the end -of January reached 
£4.83 million, in contrast to 
the £2J09 minion loss the 
previous year. - 

TV-am began broadcasting 
in February 1983, and in its 
first year, when audiences at 
one point fefl to 300,000, 
losses reached £12 million. 

Advertising revenue over 
the past two years has grown 
from £7 million to £28.8 

Longton faces 
£13.7m bid 
by timber firm 

By Onr City Staff 

Thomson T-Line, the loss- 
making timber merchant, last 
night launched a £1 3.7 million 
bid for Longton Industrial 
Holdings, the road haulage 
and property development 

Thomson, which is now 
controlled by Mr Julian Asian 
and Mr Hugo Biermann, the 
South African financiers, 
claims the backing of 37 per 
cent of the Longton sharehold- 
ers for its offer worth 190p a 

IT the bid succeeds. Thom- 
son intends to sell Longton’s 
steel stockholding and engi- 
neering supply companies. 

Lazard’s ‘record’ £350n 
vendor-placing for Dee 


Lazards was 
itself yesterday on pn 
what ft claims is ffie 


... This comes soon after an 
earlier Dee . issue of . £330 
million related to the purchase 
of the Herman sporting goods 
group, which Lazards under- 
wrote and placed on Its own. 

Lazards.- shared yesterday's 

p taring equally with Swiss 

Bank Corporation^ partly to 
spread the underwriting bur- 
den, but, .partly to encourage 
European interest in' Dee 
shares. • 

The message from Lazaids the bankers 
to -that . massive capital re- discontent. 

By Onr Banking Correspondent 

sources are not necessary to do 
big deals. Under the chair- 
manship of Sir John Nott, the 
bank has decided that there is 
no shortage of outside institu- 
tional cash to he tapped on a 
deal-by-deal basis what sheer 
weight of money is needed. 

Lazards itself has published 
shareholders funds’ of a mere 
£70 million and that Sir John 
believes, is quite enough to he 
going on with. 

The secret is not to get 
involved in market-making 
which ^ brings with it huge risks 
and ends up with the market- 
makers running the hank and 
leaving in 

The bank is broadening its 
profits base by giving more 
equal weight to its four main 
areas of activity — corporate 
finance, trading, banking and 
fund management 

But corporate finance re- 
mains tiie flagship and the 
quality of its s lricc and exper- 
tise is, therefore, of paramount 
importance to a bank which 
has little market-making 

To fhis end, Lazards an- 
nounced yesterday that it had 
persaaided Mr John Nelson to 
leaw the busy corporate fi- 
nance parlours of Kkanwort 
Benson and head its own 
corporate finance divisiou. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Channel: all over bar 
the Luddite shouting 

Luddites come in all shapes and 
forms. The latest attempt to halt the 
march of progress comes from the 
good people of Kent and their 
representatives. They hate the idea of 
the Channel tunnel, construction of 
which is due to begin on . their 
doorstep around Easter next year. If 
they could block the hybrid Bill 
enabling Europe's largest ever civil 
engineering project to go ahead, they 

Their last chance of at least halting 
the progress of the Bill and thus 
putting a spanner in the works of the 
tunnel's promoters, vanished on 
Tuesday night with the overwelming 
defeat of procedural objections. 

The Bill is now free to begin its 
second reading when it is debated 
today and there appears little more 
that Jonathan Aitken (Con., Thanet 
South) and others can do to slow the 
project other than make a noise and 
raise, objections with the Commons 
select committee on the tunnel. This 
may not be an entirely fruitless 
exercise since the Government might 
force the newly named Eurotunnel to 
take on board the committee's 

Potential economic benefits from 
the tunnel for outweigh local con- 
cerns. As a construction project it will 
provide a much needed shot in the 
arm for Britain's traditional in- 
dustries, especially in the depressed 
regions north and west of Bir- 
mingham, at no cost to the taxpayer. 
It will provide a 24-hour-a-day trade 
gateway to Europe, which is already 
the market place for about 60 per cent 
of Britain's exports. 

According to Lord Pennock, joint 
chairman of Eurotunnel, it will reduce 
freight costs to most destinations in 
Europe by around a third once travel 
time savings are taken into account 

Investors who indicated at the time 
of the competition for a fixed Channel 
link that they would back the project 
will be sent a revised prospectus next 
month, detailing the first £200 million 
tranche of equity that the consortium 
intends to raise. The main £800 
million public offering of shares in 
London, Paris and other international 
markets will take place in April or 
May next year at about the same time 
the. hybrid Bill receives the Royal 

The balance of the £4.5 billion 
projected cost of the scheme is being 
provided by a consortium of 37 
international banks. The syndicated 
loan agreement is expected to be 
signed later this month. What hap- 
pens, if the investing public turns its 
back on the scheme? That will not 
happen. Lord Pennock confidently 

TV floats on cue 

Thames Television and TV-am are 
applying the art of scheduling pro- 
grammes to impressive advantage. 
The prospectus for Thames is ex- 

pected at the end of next week and 
TV-am will probably be floated 
early next month. 

TV-am's results for the year to 
January 31. published yesterday, 
show both the extent of the recovery 
from early mismanagement and 
favourable trends in the industry. It 
replaced losses of £2.09 
million with profits of £4.83 million, 
and the pundits are confidently 
forecasting £7 million for this year. 
Thames is expected to increase profits 
from £14.6 million to £17.5 million in 
the year next March. 

The two companies are coming to 
the stock market just as share prices in 
currently quoted television con- 
tractors are taking off. Anglia, Central 
and LWT have all been buoyant 
recently as investors have come to 
savour the recovery in advertising 

After a bad first half of 1985, 
revenues started to pick up in July, 
since when the average monthly 
increase has been 18 per cent. The 
next round of results should reflect 
this gain. It may not be roses, roses, all 
the way. James Halstead of James* 
Capel, the broker, is forecasting a 
slowdown in the second half of the 
year to 7 or 8 per cent The sense of 
timing of both Thames and TV-am is 
clearly acute. 

The point is also worth making, 
however, that volatile earnings are 
part of the pattern for television 
contractors. Most are rated on mul- 
tiples of less than 10 times prospective 
earnings and well above average 
yields. Thames's price tag will also 
have to take into account the adverse 
effect of proposed changes to the 
Exchequer levy system (the levy is 
charged against profits) which will hit 
it harder than most of its rivals 
because of its large export earnings. 

The more fundamental problem is 
the uncertainty of operating in a 
business which is dependent on fixed- 
term contracts awarded every eight 
years. The JBA is thought to be 
considering a switch to a rolling 
system but, because a change would 
uire legislation, that is unlikely to 
feet the 1988 applications. 

Conceivably, most of Thames’s 
business could be lost in three years’ 
time. As the largest company in the 
sector, it will nonetheless be floated 
on a multiple at least on a par, if not at 
a premium, to its peers. Should 
Thames lose the franchise, the idea is 
that it would increase Its emphasis on 
selling programmes overseas. 

Both Thames and TV-am can point 
to internal improvements. TV-am is 
recovering from its traumatic start in 
life and Thames has scope for 
dramatic cost reductions, unions 
permitting. Their advisers, KJeinwort 
Benson and County Fielding for TV- 
am, and County Bank, Cazenove and, 
again. County Fielding for Thames, 
can be trusted to make the most of 
their glittering opporunities. 



for ail seasons. 

Sound companies often fall temporarily 
out of favour. To invest in these companies 
when their share price is depressed is to gain 
the chance of significant capital growth. 

Regardless of the prevailing stockmarket 
conditions, these opportunities can occur 

The Oppenheimer 
Worldwide Recovery Trust 

gives Financial Advisers a mana ged fund that 
seeks capital growth by investing around the 
world in selected companies with recovery 
potential. Your clients therefore get a spread 
of international investments to minimise 

Like all unit trusts, investment should 
be considered for the medium to long-term. 

The fund is managed by the team res- 
ponsible for the No.l Unit Trust in 1985, 
European Growth, and our International 
Growth Trust, currently top in its sector over 
1,3,5 and 7 years. 

To get a copy of our 
Brochure S A Fund For all 
Seasons' call 01-489 1078 or 
write to us at 66 Cannon 
Street, London EC4N 6AE. 


Furw Management Ltd 

A member company of uie Mercantile House Group. 

.1 in 


ut its 

is, at 

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i ser- 

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Reed record surprises market 


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. " W 

: Dealers .wasted little time 
yesterday in -speculating what 
Associated British Foods 
would do with the £350 mil- 
lion proceeds from the saleof 
'its Fine Fare supermarket 
chain to Dee Corporation. ; 

Most of them are convinced 
' that the cash-rich AB Foods 
win now launch a bid for 
United Biscuits, the McVme 
food group, which was im suo- 
cessful in its attempts to mer^' 
with Imperial Group. 

Shares of United -Bfsarits 
foiled to reflect the specula- 
tion, closing 2p lower at 237 jv 
but could go sharply better 
over the medium term. 

At this level the entire group 
is valued at almost £1 buGon. 
Analysts appear convinced 
that Mr Garfield Weston, 
chairman of AB Foods; win 
now turn his back on food 
retailing pad stick to what he 
knows best — food manufac- 

- Meanwhile, the rest of the 
. equity-market slowed, ro_a_ 
canter . as coachloads of bro- ' 

* kers and fond managers trav- 
elled to the Epsom Downs to 
watch the Derby. 

. The FT . 30-share index 
closed -a mere 02 ap at 
1 320.6, while the broader FT- 
SE 100 lost 0.8 at 1,60L4. 
Investors are s till worried 
about the apparent drain o®. 
resources stemming, from the 
numerous cash raising exer- 
cises and new issues already in 
the pipeline. 

.The overnight strengtfrof 
the bond mairket in New York 
enabled Government stocks 
to make a firm start This . 1 
coupled with continued hopes : 
of another early cut in hank 
base rates left prices more 
than Vh higher by the dose. ' - 
Hanson Trust dipped 4p to 

By Michael Clark 

178p following criticism of 
Tuesday's intenm figures. But 
Hoare Govett, the company's 
broker, appeared unperturbed 
and quickly placed IQ million 
shares which were pan of the 
f director’s option scheme. ‘ 

About 7 mifoon shares were 
already earmarked Tor inves- 
tors is New York, while the 

Shares-of Barrie Investments 
& Finance, the machine tool 
. and- hire purchase group, 
stand at a high ofl4>Ap. Word 
is drat Mr Tony Cole's 
Besthood Group, with ap- 
.; prucUg 30 per cent of 
Barrier hasbeen adding to its 
.jboMhig this week. Dealers 
reckon drat a bid of at least 
17p a share- is on the way, 
valuing Barrie at £17 nflSm. 
However, any approach from 
Bestwood is likely to he fierce- 
ly resisted by Barrie's chair- 
man, Mr Geoffrey Suckfing; 

remaining 3 mflli mi were 
-placed with- - institutions in 
London at just over l74p.The 
issue was oversubscribed. 

. * Mr 'Stanley Kahns, chair- 
man of Dixons, moved quick- 
ly to qhash rumours that be 
was planning to raise a sub- 
stantial. loan throu gh Chase 
Manhattan Securities to help 
finance the group's £1.7 ba- 
llon bid for Woorwonh: M The 
rumour is completely without 
foundation”, be said. 

Dixons, which is expecting a 
reply from the Office of Fair 
Trading, to its bid for Wool- 
worth later today, rose 4p to 
352p. Marketmen are still 
'convinced that Dixons will 
.eventually have to raise Its 
offer for Wootwoith and 
marked the latter I5p higher at 
:855p. . 

TbesuccCssfal conclusion 

JC ■> . 

■ • r. At. 
. «■ 


\ ■ VI ■**«*• 



• • UJ'. 

Oftel examines BT’s 
private line charges 

. By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

'New ways of rftaigmgfor although British Telecom’s 
private telephone lines are licence contained no specific 
examined in a consultative provisions on foe pricing of 
document, published y ester- ; these services, he had agener- 
day by Oftel, the tdecom-'~al duty fooosUre that ho abuse 
miuucations watchdog. of monopoly power was taking 

Professor Bryan Carsberg, place.' 

. director general of Oftel, said : - A'V modification : ih BT’s 
he. had received *JdSmierpiis : r licence might besought if he 
complaints abpt&the ~ discovered evktenoeaf such 
British Telecom -ifoaraed for.' -an abuses _ ' 
AccessLines and Private' Guv; ' The consultative document 
curts. These are extensively .' makes dear that on the teas 
used by businesses to provide , of preliniinary information 
nationwide and international; : provided by BT, the profits 

finkabetween their offices. 
Professor Carsbeig said that 

’• made on these private lines 
are not excessi ve, . . 

Humbly Grove starts 

Britain’s t hir d largest on- pany, which has since spent 
shore oilfield, producing 2,500 £30 million in development 

barrels, of oil each d 
gone into production 
Young writes).' 

Gariess acquired the ficence 
for ^ the area in .197B from 
Ulster; Pfetroteums (Canada), 

The Humbly Grove oilfield the Canadian oil independent 

near Alton, Hampshire, has 
reserves ‘ estimated at 18.5 
million barrels and could be in 
operation for the next 25 
years. The fidd was discov- 
ered in 1980 by Caries*, the 

The foiling wbrid oil price 
has accelerated onshore oil 
exploration in Britam and so 
for this year 23 exploration 
wells and nine appraisal wells 
have been drilled compared 

British independent oil com-; with 12 weOs during 1985. 


K : -i™?. 


Alumasc riSOp) 

Art ter (1300 

Arkngtan ffl5p) 

Br (stand feop) 

Cladce Cooper flSttoy 
Combined Lease (t 2Sp) 

Dates DY ri55p) 

Dean & B ffiOp) 

Ead» rato) 

Evans Hatenaw (120p> 

Rakte (MRS! 

Green Je O20pj 


Temptaton (2t 
Tech.Pr-* - ‘ 
Tip top 
Uslw (T_. .. 

Worcester (11 

Cater . Alien HJP - 
Craan (J) N jp ' 
Feedex HfP 
Genard ftf/P 
-Hants Chwy NJP 
Lap N/P 

McCarthy Stone N/P- 
Mdynx N/P 

. h . P-E In* (U 

Robinson ffl N/P 
Rotaprint NJP 

-{Issue, price in brackets#. - 


•Wight collins 

(HOLDINGS): The company 
-ti ; has bought FCO. an advdtising 
agency, for £6. 7 5 million, as wh 
r' ? * ' as 2.5 per cent of ihe amount by 

l T . which FCO’s pretax profits ex- 
ceed £800.000 in the year to 
j ' v- ' ‘ April 30, 1 989. FCO has tailings 
worth about £20 million and net 
- ' assets of £230.000. 


'’v Li NATIONAL: Half-year to. 

' March 31, J986- Interim divi- 
dend 0.5p (0J3p adjustedX 

• Turnover £12.08 r mBion . (£8.15 

* million restated). PretOT pront 

. ^ u, - : £878.000 (£500.000). Earnings 
• . ' per share 3.8p (2Jp, adjusted). - 

■»> • TURNER & NEWAUL; The 

' * company reports that, after the 
settlement announced in Janu- 
aiy,' it hds readied a fiuther: 
settlement with another insurer 
r . relating to its liability for asbes- 
tos^related disease ciarms. This 
^ means that the chaige in 1986 
-•> - for asbestos-disease claims wttl- 
■ be reduced by £3^ miffion. 

' ,' L ^ SAL; British Syphon Industries 
, ‘ now hcSds, or has received 
- j acceptances, ftn J&27 millioh- 
ordinary shares <86.7 per -eapl) 
and 1^3 mffiion. preference, 
> shares (59^ per cent). offers , 
+ , are now. unconditional and tc- 
*!? <• • mam open., . ; 

• LOWS: BONAIfc NYFIbrflo • 
'£ Vr- sa Zde. . Belgium -r- in which - 
-V.2? Low&BaharhoJdsa60peroejK 
; inieresi— has acqmredfwcasfr, 
v J. 45 per ctati of Ny-Phomiuin sa - 
- Zeie,Bdgjunu The purchase has 

. . - at*: ■ 

. -> V 

. -r . . ff . 

been made from : several 
. sbraebolders and values ‘the 
company as 320 million Belgian 
francs (£4:6 unlEoiiV JPhbmium 
already owns 40 per cent of 
FibxbQL - 

jF Ifor Jones^ the chairman, says 

- in lus annual statement that the' 
manufacture of plastic packag- 
. ing has taaw heroine the.domi- 
nant. part of Delyn's activity. 

: . The trend of increased turnover 
and profitability is continuing 
this year and JDeljm’s excellent 
fecilities for the. production of 
food packaging in -an expanding 

- market leaves "the board 

! company and Takeda Chemical 
Industries ' have reached 'a 
collaboration agreement, under 
which Glaxo will be offered 
products ofTaJceda’s research to 
market in Britain and Enriaiid.' 
-This agreemem initially covers 
five- years- A joint committee 

will supervise Uie marketing. . 

GROUP: The company’s 
subsidiary, .Music Hire Group, 
has bought AFM Leisure, a 
■privately V owned company - 
operating abour 2^00 amuse- 
ment machines in theJNortb of. 
England. Kunick is . paying 
iUSWKJO cash. ThcdealMB® 
the owtibefofmachinesKiinick 
operates io.'more than. 7, 500. ' 

to. the postal dispute cheered 
the big mail order companies 
which depend heavily on the 
: Post Office and suffered a big 

. shakeout in their share prices 
on Monday. Freemans led the 
- way with a J6p jump to 394p 
' followed' by Grattan, I2p to 
402 p, find Great Universal 
Starts A, 5p to £10.65. 

But tiie High Street banks 
remained in the doldrums. 
The massive cash call by 
National Westminster, Sp 
cheaper at 745p, and 
downgrading by several bro- 
kers of profit estimates at 
. Barclays, 3p lower at 484p, 
have left their mart. Analysts 
remain worried about the 
expected increase in edmpeti- 
tion from other areas. Uoyds 
Bank lost another Sp to 542p 
and Midland a similar 
amount at 522p. 

But the insurance compos- 
ites tried to shrug off tears 
about the possible loss of 
business .stemming from the 
State of Florida's decision to 
try to reduce insurance premi- 
ums after the sharp increase of 
rates in. the past couple of 
years. Guardian Royal added 
3p to 833p with Sim Affiance 
at 629p and Royal Insurance 
at 857p, Commercial Union 
firmed lp to 304p, while 
General Accident recovered 
an early foil to finish all- 
square at 799p. 

Shares of Mr Michael 
Ashcroft’s Hawley Group were 
suspended at I26p with 
Pritchard Services Group at 
122p. Marketmen hope that 
both sides have now got 
together to agree terms follow- 
ing Hawley’s recent bid of 
1 1 9p a share. Mr PeteT Pritch- 
ard, chairman of Pritchard, 
has already rejected Hawley's 
first approach, but the group 
dearly looks vulnerable after 
seeing pretax profits foil from 

£15 million to £10 million last 
year and the dividend cut. 

Chase Manhattan Securi- 
ties, the broker which emerged 
from the merger of Laurie 
Mil bank and Simon & Coates, 
has just completed a review of 
the food manufacturers. It 
believes that it can only be a 
matter of time before S & W 

The decision by the Ford 
.Motor Company to increase 
production in Britain by an 
extra 5000,000 vehicles a year 
could be good news for 
Armstrong Equipment. Ford is 
its biggest customer and Arm- 
strong is expected to benefit 
from the extra workload. It 
win also add impetus to 

force analysts to upgrade the 
£9.5 million pretax profits 
they are looking for next 
year.The shares were un- 
changed at 122p. 

Berisford sells its 15 per cent 
stake in Ranks Hovis 
McDougaH to someone else 
who will then launch a full 

Chase is looking for pretax 
profits of around £83 million 
for the year to August 31, 
compared with £715 million 
last time. The broker is con- 
vinced that with such a well- 
managed group, the shares 
deserve a higher rating than 
the prospective p/e of 1 12 on 

Turner & NewaB, the indusr 
trial giant, pleased the market 
yesterday by announcing that 
claims on the group for asbes- 
tos-related diseases during 
1986 have been reduced by a 
further £3.6 minion. That 
brings the total reduction so 
for this year to £11.6 milli on. 
Hie shares responded with a 
6p rise to 328p. 

Hie market seemed to be 
quite unprepared for the ex- 
ceptionally good results an- 
nounced by Reed Inter- 
nationa] yesterday and the 
share price leapt 65p to an all- 
time high of 91 9p. 

Tn the record results for the 
year to March 31, 1986, 
pretax profit jumped to £137 

million, 28 per cent up on the 
previous year and comfort- 
ably ahead of market expecta- 
tions. The dividend was 
increased by 22 per cent to 

At the trading level, ex- 
cluding discontinued busi- 
nesses, the improvement was 
even more dramatic, as the 
profit rose from £113-6 mil- 
lion to £151.9 million. All 
parts of the business did well 
Distortions at this level are 
largely self-cancelling the 
£12.7 million exceptional 
charge is matched by a £13 
million reduction in the cost 
of the British pension 
schemes. Adverse currency 
movements reduced the re- 
ported result by £6 million. 

Nearly half of Reed's prof- 
its are made from business 
publications and publishing 
consumer magazines in Brit- 
ain and the US- 

More than 40 per cent of 
profit comes from paper and 
packaging ranging from cor- 
rugated cases in Britain and 
Europe to newsprint manu- 
facture in Canada. This seg- 
ment did particularly well 
and should do even better 
□ext year when Reed will 
have a frill year's benefit from 
running its now modernized 
Canadian newsprint plant at 
capacity for the first time in 
more than three years. 

The balance of profit, just 
over 10 per cent, comes from 
the paint and do-it-yourself 
companies, where foe best 
known brands are Crown 
Plus Two and PolycetL 

In 1986/7, the reduced 
pension contribution will 
continue and in the absence 
of exceptionals, pretax profit 
could exceed £160 million. 

The tax charge is likely to foO 
below this year's average of 
only 31 per cent due to capital 
allowances in Canay fo. put- 
ting the shares on a prospec- 
tive multiple of only 9.5, 
despite yesterday's price rise. 

Gnthrie Corp 

The Guthrie Corporation is 
the unfortunate victim of a 
chequered past The compa- 
ny, first quoted in 1965, was 
bid for unsuccessfully by 
Sime Darby and then taken 
over in 1981 by Permodalan 
National Berhad, a govern- 
ment-funded Malaysian in- 
vestment trust A year later, 
Guthrie's plantation interests 
were transferred to a Malay- 
sian-based company, leaving 
tbe rump of Guthrie with an 
implied value of just £57 

Essentially the same com- 
pany is now coming to the 
stock market valued at £123 
million. Reflecting its origins 
— from plantations company 
to a rag-bag of diversifica- 
tions — its activities have 
little in common. They in- 
clude aviation services, An- 
gus fire-fighting equipment, 
Butler automotive compo- 
nents and Duralay floor 
coverings. Since 1982, there 
have been few acquisitions. 
There have been several clo- 
sures and disposals, however, 
and more can be expected. 

The benefits of manage- 
ment attention and reorgani- 
zation show through in the 
profit record: a steady rise 
from £1.73 million in 1982 to 
£14.1 million last year. The 
company declines to quantify 
the effect of exchange rate 
movements but with only 20 
per cent of sales in Britain 
and Europe these must be 
important The company 
says only that currencies were 
favourable in 1984 and a 
hindrance in 1985. 

There is no forecast for the 
current year but assuming 
operating profits rise by 15 

per cent the company might 
-make as much as £1 9 million, 
allowing for lower interest 
charges reflecting in part the 
benefit of £16.1 million new 

The stated multiple at the 
offer-for-5ale price of 1 50p is 
9.1 times historic earnings 
after a low tax charge. Last 
year, the tax charge was only 
16 per cent but it will 
probably rise towards 30 per 
cent next year. This low 
multiple more than takes 
account of that risk, and 
seems to reflect fears that 
PNB will further reduce its 
holding from a post-flotation 
level of 63.4 per cent as soon 
as it is allowed to do so. 

For ' Mr John “Jock" 
Green-Armytage. ihe manag- 
ing director, the company's 
likely value in 1989 is proba- 
bly more important than its 
price today. This is because 
he has options over 2.1 
million^hares exercisable un- 
til March 1989. These were 
granted at a price based on 
the amount PNB paid for the 
shares in 1981. At the offer- 
for-sale price, the options are 
worth £3 million. 

In 1989 they could be worth 
much more than that. The. 
shares look attractive at 1 SOp. 

Tenby Industries 

In volatile market conditions 
discretion can prove the bet- 
ter part of valour when it 
comes to new issues — partic- 
ularly when a company's 
trading record is not top 

But the need to reduce the 
debts at Tenby Industries' 
troubled parent, BSR Inter- 
national, is dearly an impor- 
tant consideration in this 
case. So rather than waiting 
for Tenby's expected profits 
upturn, foe offer for sale is 
©Ding ahead raising about 
£11.5 million for BSR but 
leaving the parent company 
with a 40 percent share of the 
anticipated improvement. 

The company’s two divi- 
sions have shown contrasting 
performances in recent years. 
Electrical accessories — sock- 
ets. plugs and switches — is 
the main profits earner and 
experienced steady growth 
until last year when pretax 
profib fell by a third to £1.4 
-million because of foiling 
demand from the Middle 1 
East and competition is Brit- 

The engineering activities 
— components for the defence 
and automotive industries, 
electric vehicle motors, and 
scientific apparatus — which 
in 1982 contributed losses of 
almost £1 million, are now 
benefiting from restructuring 
and in 1985 had profib of 
£0.9 million. 

Overall, profits have 
moved ahead from £762,000 
to £2.48 million during four 
years but last year's 5 per cent 
increase was more than ac- 
counted forty a pension fund 
contributions holiday. 

The ungeared balance sheet 
means that Tenby is now 
thinking of acquisitions but 
none has been identified. 
Electricals remain vulnerable 
to any further problems in the 
Middle East and the high 
level of uninsured debt — 
more than £1.5 million — 
owed by Iraq is a potential 

Tax losses of £15 million 
will relieve the company 
from mainstream corpora- 
tion tax for several years and 
the effective rate for 1 986 will 
be below 10 percent. There is 
no official forecast but the £3 
million profits threshold for 
directors’ bonuses gives an 
obvious pointer to expecta- 
tions. That would bring down 
the p/e ratio factual tax) from 
9 to a prospective 7. The 
notional yield is 5 per cent at 
the 1 12p offer price. 

Up to a fifth of the shares 
for sale will be reserved for 
employees and BSR share- 
holders. Not one for foe stags. 


_ AFV 
cd its 
nt to 
x Ben- 
PV at 

a total 
jres, or 

1 office 
ent car- 
i is es~ 
mil ion. 
R RE- 
73p for 
p. This 
rim re- 

ip and 3 

;riod to 


. 1986. 
t (£6.58 
cr share 
i). The 
and it 
Top and 
-year to 
.oss be- 
36.1 7p 

NO From£4149 ttt 

Fill AIT 





lyg -.po rtfolio card duck your 
sh3ie price movements. Add them 
*B> to give j TUi vow overall iota! Cheek 
^against the dailv dividend finne 
pabHshed on this page! If h maidiesW 
wve won outright or a share of the total 
daily pree money sated. If you are a 
wtoxict follow the claim procedure on the 
oacK ot your card. You most always have 
your cam available when c laiming - 





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Marks & Spencer | Drapery .Sides 

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Weekly Dividend 



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;•'/ By Judith Huntley 

The - proWcin j of rapidly Shopping centrei in partio- 
q&ng waWings is taxing the • ular the town centre schemes 
of the property in- huilt raore than IS years ago. 



The need to refurbish out- 
of-daus offices; and .shopping 
centres, is all too apparent as 
the products of post-war de- 

are having -to improve their 
attractiveness hi. the- fere of 
competition from otter newer . 
Centres and from out-of-town 
or edge-of-town develop-. 

velopment take on a grim hue.- - men is. 

Refurbishmeni iS' no easy 

Grosyenor Developments,- 
the commercial property arm 
of the Grosyenor Estate, esti- 
mates that in Britain there are 
33.3 million sq ft of retail 
space 15 years okl and in need 
of refurbishment This £1 
billion market is one which' 
many in the property world - 
hope to tap;. 

Tte office market could also 
provide a lucrative source of 
income to those specializing 
in refurbishment A report 
from Jones Lang Woottou 
estimated the: market in this 
sector at £8 Wflioju • 

Grosvenor Developments 
hopes to sell its refurbtsbment 
experience. to. those wfe&qan-; 
not undertake such schemes 
themselves. Tt aims to have a 
2J per cent share, the equal of 
its market in new retail devet 
opment. io - refurbishment 
within five wars. It will be 
puffing -its- financial muscle 

agement who are leaving to set 
up . their own refurbishment 

Mr Gerald Powell, Hasle- 
mere’s joint managing dime-, 
lor, and his co-directore, Mr 
Tim O'Rourke and Mr An- 
drew Hamilton, leave the 
company at the end pf next 
month io set op their own 
private property company, 
not yet officially named,, 
which -will specialize in refur- 
bishment as well as new 

AH three are steeped in the 
Haslemere tradition, having 
been with the company for as 
long as 22 years. TTiey will be 
concentrating their efforts on 
refurbishment and building 

r . new since behind existing 

Jt relieves that both land- facades in the areas they know 
lord and tenant would benefit best, ihe City of London, the 

matter, however. Aside, from 
the financial implications of 
spending money to retain 
investment value, there is the - 
problem of the lease structure 
of British developments. 
Grosvenor recognizes this arid 
would like to ' see 15-year 
leases given to retailers with 
an- option on the part of the 
to refurbish the 

from that sort ofarrangement 
— although resistance from the 
traders spoiled its attempts to 
introduce such a lease in The 
Grosvenor Centre in Chester. 
However, changes in the na- 
ture ofleases in both retail and 
office developments are likely 
to be accelerated by the fact 
that neither can any longer be 
assumed to have a 25-year life. 

. This, phenomenon is well- 
known to the team '• at 

behind any projects it undo;- Haslemere Estates, the proper- 
lakes, eitter u^ng allocations ty company recently taken 

from the Grosvenor Estate or 
by borrowing money. 

Grosvenor is assuming that 
many institutional shopping 
centre owners will undertake- 
their own refurbishment, but ; 
where schemes are wholly 
owned by local authorities or 
in joint ventures there is scope 
for a developer with financial: 
backing to come in and up- 
grade a scheme. 

- Overby Roaamco, the Dutch 
investment group. “Doing a 
Haslemere** became common 
parlance in the property world 
to describe high quality com- 
mercial refurfnshmenls of old 
and often historic buildings: It • 
was not enough to save the 
company fronra predator, bat 
it, may weD prove to be a : 
valuable asset to the three 
members ofHasJemere s man- 

• Morgan Guaranty, the 
American finance' house 
which is paying £90 rail- .. 
lioe to the City of London 
Corporation for the free- , 
hold of the former CSty Boys '. 
SchaoJshe^aHns tohave . 


The timing of tbe 'office ' 
development wascrndal to ■ 
the bank’s dedskra to bid 
for the site. Its location, close 
to Btackfriars Bridge was 
a key consideration. - • • 

Morgan Guaranty te-' 

Keves mat other finance .. 
bonses wltt more tothe 
area as sites are released hy ; - 
tterelocalionofthoBewo- - v 
paper industry to Docklands. 

Morgan was waaUeto ' 
find the land of space it ward- 
ed in the speadarire mar- 
ket It looked at 
Braadgate development as . 
well as most of the other 
offices that were available. It 
dismissed Canary Wharf 
in Docklands becanse the tim- 
ing of a development there 
was riot dear and because it 
wanted to be wfthmfiieV~ “ 

Any new development at : - 

the Boys School site will have 

the problem of how to re- 
tain the listed river frontages.- 

- The keen bidding for the 
.site is afar ay from the days 
.. whea tteCity Corporation 
tried nesnccessfeUy to sell it 

The sale was supposed .. 
tops? for ajiew school but at 
least two developers polled 
oat of planned office schemes 
dne to the poor state of the- 
: lettirig market and the ffiffi- 
: adty of landing sscha 
project. The Corporation 
. pressed ahead with anew 
school bath** now been able 

■ to capitalize on the boom- * 
tag state of tte .ofttee market 

■ in the Sgnare MOe ahead 

- theD«ft±Lcfevd- ■ ", 

oper, inis applied for detailed 
planning consent for a £90 
million retail development ia' 
Leeds. It plans to mcorpo- 
'rate the £dwardian market - 
hall at Kiikgate into the 
scheme which w31 hare • 
48ft,00es<i ft of space, 
parking for 2^)00 cars, a 

■ 120,000 sq ft department 
store and a fetssre centre. 

Retags sack as The 
Burton Group, Next, W H 
Smith mid Boots are inter- , 

’ ested in 1 

ting agent is Anthony 
. -White and Co. ' 

• Trafalgar Haase DeveL 
opotentsand jSainsbary 
: have been gjvenptaming 


01-499 8644 


skreiArvotswtetorsocialserwces:-. .• 

HambIedon,.fe ; G^^ 


Site: " ' •' .• ' /*• ; ‘ 

30 Acres with existing . , 


Use:. . ••• 

Institutional. ' 



peninsrioa frn a £30 iffiDimi, 

130.000 sq.ft shotting de- 
rekpotent on an 11 acre site 
In Romford, Essex. The 
development wil] be next to 
the existing Liberty 

Saiosbury will take a 

61.000 sq ft store in the deveL 
tnaat nfek wS have a 
leisnre centre* a mntti-screen 

and StB30shris. ■ 
• Shrewd investors should 
stamp jn the American ■ 
property market to buy well 
located, rited qualify bnild- 
fora of estate agents de- - 
scribe as^attiactire real rates 
of retnra adthgood long - • 
terra potential*. .• _ . . 

Many parts of the 
American office market are 

seeing a hieh level of va- 
cancy alliedwith stagnant 
rents; These conditions are 
a result of little development 
in the late 19705 and early 
1960s which resulted in dra- 
matic rental rise. That in 
turn prompted developers to 
leap intothe market pro- 

daring tte bfl3dmg boom 

which is wising problems 
today. : ' 

Richard ElMs argues . 
that it is the right tmie to bay 
in certain areas where eco- 
nomic growth wifi be sns-% • • 
tained and where there is a 
limit on further development. 

But the firm warns po- 
tential investors to steer dear 
of the industrial and high 
tech market where there was 
tretriendoas overbuilding 
jnst before the downturn in 
the computer market. 




Adam & Comp&y. 



Continent Tn&t. 
Corflperaive Bari— 
a Hoare & Co.^ 

Rang Kong & Shan^a. 
LL^ds Bari ________ 

Kzt Wes&nmster. 

Briri of Scod»d.. 


f Mortgage Bnc Rale. 






10 - 00 % 


10 m 


10 . 00 % 



10 . 00 % 



Group activities 
include shipbroking 
and ships’.agency, ; ■ 
and aircraft . 
workover oil drilling.'^ 




' 1984 


'Turnover ~ ; _ v 




1,050 , 

. 3,107 

Profitaftertaxation .... 



Shareholders’ hinds 





9.1 p 




Codes Of me Directors' Report and Accounts' rnay 
be obtained from the Secretary, 

Denies $ Newman Holdings FLC-, Sffiao House, 
3M8 Nffi/Brosd Street London, EC2M 1NH. 

5 million passengers m .1985: 

New routs Manchester- Amsterdam. 

West End and Holbom. They 
will alsebe looking for prime 
development opportunities in 
some London suburbs. 

Mr O’Rourke ays he is 
looking forward to being part 
of- a private- company once 
more and he envisages that it 
will stay that way for at least 
three to five years. 

The hew company will start 
operations in September and 
key decisions about its struc- 
ture. are now being discussed. 
The crucial decision will be 
whether to- keep the company 
small or to opt for a larger 
equity base which will have 
some strings attached. There 
have been offers of finance 
and equity participation. 

If' Grosvenor Develop- 
ments’ estimates are right 
there should be scope for both 
it and the fledgling company 
to find work in a potentially 
huge refurbishment market 

-t - ' -J ' jfi. w- I •- * 

Michael Campbell (left) and Andrew Stmt: Patting ways. 

Arundell House 
founders split 

Arundell House Securities, 
the private property company 
which has made its name by 
developing office and retail 
schemes in Surrey, is to be 

Tbe -nine-year partnership 
between the company’s 
founders Mr Andrew Sturt 
and Mr Michael Campbell is 
to end. 

Mr Sturt has bought Mr 
Campbell’s 50 per cent stake 
in Arundell House, leaving 
each of them free to pursue 
their respective interests al- 
though these may still overlap 
through mutual schemes. Mr 
Campbell will spend more 
time with his Ellis Campbell 
investment company. 

. Mr Sturt . says: “A partner- 
ship is now a thing of the past 
Arundel] House took oft to a 
degree that was unexpected 
and the company now has to 
look at buying in permanent 
additional capitaL” 

This does not mean that 
Arundell House will be rush- 
ing to the market for a listing. 
Mr Sturt aims ip have a 
private placing towards the 
end of die year to bring in 
between £10 million and £20 
milli on. 

; Arundell House has already 
ventured away from its home 
base in Surrey by developing 
in the City of London where it 
now .has an office in its 
development at Trinity 
Square. It will shortly move to 
its Lion & Lamb retail scheme 
at Farnham, Surrey, keeping 

its traditional base in opera- 
tion as well. 

' Farnham is tbe company's 
first retail development where 
it has achieved a 9 per cent 
return on its costs. 

The retail sector is an area 
where Arundell House has 
ambitious plans. The compa- 
ny hopes to win consent for a 
£20 million, 200,000 sq ft 
retail development on the 
edge of Guildford, Surrey. It 
has lined up J Sainsbury's 
Homebase as a tenant Ihe 
site is close to that owned by 
London & Edinburgh Trust. 

It would also like to become 
involved in developing busi- 
ness parks. It is loolang at 
several sites in Surrey. 

But Arundell House prefers 
to try to develop in areas 
where a hard-won consent 
results m a high value scheme; 
Mr Sturt argues that there is 
the potential for a vast over- 
supply of offices in places like 
Reading arid Wokingham. He 
is cautious about becoming 
involved in such a market. 

Tbe company has a £70 
milion development pro- 
gramme but it aims to increase 
that substantially. An invest- 
ment portfolio is gradually 
being built to give it an asset 

Arun dell’s ambition will be 
to continue as a property 
trader but also to have the 
ability to keep some of its 
developments in the portfolio. 
Falling interest rates may help 
it do that. 

Profits up 
by 60 % 
at Belfast 

By Bob Rodwell 

AWergrove, Belfast Interna- 
tional Airport, now rates as 
the fourth largest British air- 
port ostside London in terms 
of passenger traffic and the 
second largest for freight 

Tbe figures came in tbe 
annual report for 1985/86 
yesterday which show a 60 per 
cent increase in profits to more 
than £2.11 million. Total turn- 
over at £9315 million showed 
a 4-9 per cent increase with a 
26 per cent increase generated 
by non-aircraft related com- 
mercial activity. 

Aldergrore is one of Brit- 
ain’s six freeports designated 
in August 1984 but despite the 
spending of about £200,000 for 
extra fixed assets on its 81- 
acre freeport site and heavy 
marketing ft has yet to attract 
its first tenant. 

Belfast International Air- 
port’s long experience of oper- 
ating in an environment in 
which terrorism has been a 
factor has led to many visits 
from security antborities 


DUCE: Terms have been pro- 
visionally agreed whereby the 
company wilt acquire the issued 
share capita] of North Devon 
Meat tbe consideration for the 
proposed acquisition is an ini- 
tial cash payment of £2.532 
million doe in August this year. 

• FIAT: Tbe chairman says 
group's consolidated profits and 
dividends are expected to be 
higher in 1986. 

The company says that the 
directors of tbe American 
Westinghoase Electric corpora- 
tion have approved the pro- 
posed S8 million deal with it 

INGS: For the year to March 28. 
Figures in £000: dividend !.5p 
making 2.5p, turnover 3,755 
(3.1 1 8), profit before tax 827 
(597), tax 284 (263). earnings 
per share 7.7lp (S.58p). 

• FRAMUNGTON: The com- 
pany says that ft has made an 
agreement in principle with 
Tenneco Financial Sendees, to 
manage a mutual fond to be 
marketed by Tenneco in the US. 

Tann International, a wholly- 
owned subsidiary of the com- 
pany. has disposed of the entire 
share capital of Tann (Sweden) 
AB, whose business is the 
manufacture of safes and other 
security engineering equipment, 
for SwKr.l 3,228,000 (£1.2 



BP chooses new 
shipping chief 

BP Shipping: Mr M R 
Pattioson becomes managing 
director next month in succes- 
sion to Mr I G S Hartigan, 
who has been made president 
of BP North America. 

Portals Holdings: Mr A P ■ 
Conway has beat made a 

Custom Leasing: Mr Jon 
Whiteley comes on to the 
board as marketing director. 

United Loan Corporation: 
Mr Raymond Ellis has joined 
as marketing executive. 

British Electricity Interna- 
tional: Mr Manfred 

Stratemcier takes the new post 
of marketing director. 

Drivers Jonas: Mr Nigel 
Smith becomes a partner. 

National Trust for Scotland: 
Brigadier Duncan Cameron 
succeeds Mr John Davie as 
director of administrative ser- 
vices in October. 

SP Tyres UK: Mr George 
Pepper has been named as 
sales director, replacement 
sale, and Mr las Payne direc- 
tor. commercial vehicle tyres. 

St Katherine Insurance 
Company: Mr George Ayres 
becomes managing director of 
St Katherine Motor Policies. 

Banro Industries: Mr David 

Mr Dorn Gregson (above) 
has been made chief execu- 
tive of Robennap (UK), the 
plastic hook and hanger unit 
of Viking Polypropylene. 

Brain has joined the board as a 
non-executive director. 

Greene. King & Sons: Mr J 
F Foster has been made a 
director and Mr S J B 
Redman is to succeed Mr M D 
Corke as managing director. 

Frere Cholmeley: Mr Nor- 
man Chapman, Mr John Bal- 
four. Mr Simoa Pollen, Mr 
Craig Eadie and Mrs Rose- 
mary Bott become partners. 


The company has completed the 
disposal of tbe principal assent 
of C M Steel Mills, a wboUy- 
owned subsidiary in the produc- 
tion of cold rolled steel strip. 

• AMAX: Amax and Home- 
stake Mining have completed 
the purchase by Homes take of 
Amax's half interest in tbe 
Buick Lead-NC mine, rail! and 
smelter complex in southeastern 
Missouri. The purchase price is 
SI0 million (£6.8 million) in 
cash plus the value of certain 
working capital and assumption 
of certain liabilities. 

NATIONAL: For the six 
months ended March 31. the 
interim is I-2p (0.6p), pays 
August 4. turnover £8,783.569 
(£4^327,522), profit on ordinary 
activities before tax £2,075.947 
(£981.259), tax £779.000 
(£417.000), retained £1,176.947 
(£504,259), earnings per share 
12.97p (5.64p). . 

the six months to March 31, 
figures in £000: interim 3p (2p). 
This should not be taken as 
indicative of any level of in- 
crease in the finaL Turnover 
2,856 (1,845), operating profit 
U85 (1.106). interest receivable 
and •other income 926 (817), 
profit before tax 2^11 (1.923), 
tax 922 (845). minorities 14 
(19k adjusted earnings per share 
S.13p (4.02pk 

MENTS: For year ended March 
I, tbe final dividend was 7.3p 
(6p). making UJ5p (9pk Fig- 
ures in £000$: turnover 57,410 
(42,698). operating profit 5,993 
(4,477k income from listed 
investment 105 (94). profit be- 
fore tax 6.098 (4,571), tax 2,483 
(1,978k profit after tax 3,615 
(Z593), extraordinary items nil 
(41), earnings per sale 28.90p 

TION: In bis annual statement, 
Mr A G Anderson, the chair- 
man, says that he is satisfied 
that the company is well on way 
to overcoming recent excep- 
tional contracting difficulties 
and that the group can produce 
for ] 986 a profit of more than £5 

TRIES: The chairman said that 
as with all other building materi- 
als companies in Britain it 
suffered from the exceptionally 
had weather during the first 
three months of the year and as 
of last week, deliveries for the 
industry as a whole are still 
some 2 to 3 per cent below same 
period last year. 

The company and MFI have 
submitted a joint planning 
application to the London bor- 
ough of Haringey for the 
development of a substantial 
part of Gestetner's freehold land 
at Tottenham. 


Well positioned for growth 

Our changing profile 

1981/2 Sales 1985/6 Sales 







100 % 



100 % 


31 MARCH 1986 










Operating profit - UK 









Profit before taxation - UK 



- Overseas 






Taxation - UK 



• -Overseas 



Profit before extraordinary items 




Extraordinary items 



Profit attributable to ordinary shareholders 



Earnings per ordinary share 




Dividend per ordinary share . 




(Final dividend of I6p per ordinary share ) 


Reed Publishing 
Consumer Publishing 
Paint and DIY 
Reed Trading 
European Paper 
North American Paper 
Central Costs 
Continuing activities 
Discontinued activities 
Inter-company Sales 













































152 ■ 

1,791 ■ 













From tbe Statement by tbe Chairman, Leslie Carpenter: 

“i consider that these results represent an excellent outcome for the year, 
and provide a sound basis for the ftiture. 

“Our objectives and strategy are clear. We shall continue to concentrate 
our resources and investment on those activities where our skills and 
experience lie and where we expect to achieve both growth and greater profit 
These include business and consumer publishing, the decorative paint and 
DIY sectors of the home improvements market and packaging and paper. 

“We shall maintain our geographic spread, focussing particularly on the 
United Kingdom and North America. 

“Action al ready taken is moving. Reed International .towards these 
objectives. With the growth in earnings per share expected to continue at 
levels well above inflation, and with a strong financial base, I believe that 
Reed International can face the future with confidence! 9 

Hi e Annual Report will be published on 28 June 1986. 
j If you would like a copy please complete the coupon and 
* send to: Corporate Relations, Reed International RL.G, 

| Reed House, 83 Piccadilly, London W 1 A 1 EJ. 

| Name • ; : 

| Address ■ 


- i r • i J 



it in 
lie is 
ut its 

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i, the 
i ser- 

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er cf 

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r2p to 
cd i» 
■m io 
i Ben- 
PV at 

a total 
ires, or 

t office 
cm rar- 
i is cs- 
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R RE- 

73p for 
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.oss be- 

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/ 8256 


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. .£99.00 


. .£49.95 

in an J ir.jy 




June 5, 1986 

T he phrase “City 
Revolution” suggests 
that change is something 
new to the City. It is not 
The City has always 
pioneered change in the provision 
of financial services. What we are 
now seeing is one of those periods 
of intense activity during which 
traditional structures adjust to 
new needs and new opportunities. 
Chartered accountants are at the 
hub of this process. 

During the past few years, the 
traditional audit market has ma- 
tured. That is to say, firms of 
chartered accountants could not 
look for further growth of the 
company audit market. Many of 
these firms have been successful in 
providing "added value” to the 
audit and related advice to man- 
agements who had often been 
sceptical about the worth to die 
company of a historical financial 
snapshot. But overall it was clear 
that the audit market was unlikely 
to provide much scope for accoun- 
tancy firms to expand. 

Well' before the audit market 
matured, many firms of chartered 
accountants had sought channels 
for diversification. During the 

past 1 5 years or so, this process 
has occurred at a tremendous rate. 
In particular, accountancy firms 
of all sizes began to market 
themselves as "the complete busi- 
ness adviser”, thus complement- 
ing the more traditional staples of 
audit and tax. As a consequence, 
the country's largest management 
consultancy is now part of a firm 
of chartered accountants. 

More recently still, accountancy 
firms spotted opportunities for 
renewed growth in their share of 
the expanding corporate finance 
market — one of those strands of 
change in the City. 

In a sense, this is history 
repeating itself. Accountants had 
relaxed their grip on this market a 
generation or two ago, to the 
advantage of the merchant banks. 
Now accountants are attacking 
again with vigour. They are well 
placed to do so, often having a 
strong base of office and long 
client lists to aid their marketing. 

These strengths have been sup- 
plemented by the formation of 
inter-disciplinary teams com- 
posed of accountants and non- 
accountants with different 
individual skills to offer. 

Accountants are at 
the hub of the 

new opportunities 
being offered by 
the City Revolution, 
says Derek Boothman 

Several of our firms have now, 
for example, carved out distinc- 
tive niches in the provision of 
advice for companies wishing to 
float on the Unlisted Securities 
Market. Others have developed 
expertise in effecting management 
buyouts or in venture capital 
platings. And the Government 
has begun to turn to accountancy 
firms for help on privatization 
schemes. This increasing activity 
of chartered accountants in corpo- 
rate finance looks like a trend 
which is set to continue. 

The second main effect of City 

change for the accountancy profes- 
sion relates to the role of the 
auditor. In three separate, but 
related, pieces of draft legislation 
now working their respective ways 
towards the statute book, new 
responsibilities will be placed on 
auditors revolved with building 
societies, banks and other compa- 
nies providing financial services. 
In each of these three areas, the 
auditor is likely to be expected to 
play a more active role in coqjunc- 
lion with the various supervising 
bodies than he is presently re- 
quired to do. 

This is a role which, in princi- 
ple, auditors welcome. They rec- 
ognize that their work, is one of a 
number of ways in which the 
financial soundness or integrity of 
the business can be ensured and 
the confidence of investors in 
Britain's highly successful finan- 
cial sector maintained. 

It is also possible that auditors 
working in the financial services 
sector will be asked to report on 
compliance with certain, aspects of 
the "conduct of b usin ess* roles 
which will be laid down by the 
Securities and Investment Board 
or the seif-regulatory 1 organiza- 
tions and which will govern the 
way in which those involved in. 
handling investments operate. 

If however, auditors are to fulfil 
an expanded role in this new City 
regime, it will be important that all 
concerned fully appreciate the 
techni cal and practical constraints 
of an audit Any system of 
investor protection which does 
not recognize these constraints 
could be fundamentally flawed. 
The auditor is only periodically on 
the premises of the company 
whose accounts are being audited. 

The work is confined to forming 

an opinion on the truth and 
fairness of the annual financial 

statements, and to whai las gone 
before rather than what ties ahead. 
The auditor .has- no right to 
comment on management s style 
or its commercial decisions. Mis- 
conceptions about the auditors 
function can result in an “expecta- 
tions gap”, and. more important, 
in inadequate internal control of 
the company’s financial affairs. 

O ne aspect of the immi- 
nent changes in the 
City relates to interna- 
tionalization as foreign . 
institutions move in. 
This is a natural development, but 
if these institutions bring with 
them altitudes which .exacerbate 
the growing tendency to sue the 
auditors, regardless of actual cm- 
pability, there is a risk of the 
supervisory regime being under- 
mined. The risk is that auditors, if 
unprotected, will turn down busi- 
ness in the financial services 
sector. That will be to nobody’s 

matters to supervisors This re- 
lates to the liability which an 
auditor might fere ifhis judgment 
proved to be m i sg u ided. 

1C for instance, the auditor 
reported suspicions to the supervi- 
sor which later turned out io be 
unfounded, tire auditor could be 
sued. The profession has accord- 
ingly put proposals to tire Govern- 
ment for protection of tire auditor 
where he has acted honestly and 
professionally. This is extremely 
important if tire auditor is to help 
the supervisors effectively. 


tbe fO ut ‘ 


The activities of tire City, and of 
the flourishing financial services 
sector generally, are -of growing 
economic importance to Britain. 
It is viral that national and 
international confidence in them 
be maintained. To help to achieve 
this, auditors must accept addi- 
tional responsibilities and play a 
very full and exacting part. 


There is one further problem on 
the question of auditors reporting 
suspected fraud and other relevant 

Derek Boothman * as elected Pres- 
ident of the Insulate of Chartered 
Accountants in England and 
Wales yesterday. He is senior 
partner in the Manchester office of 
Binder Hamlyn 

! £ 17-351 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

— Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 — 

A cftaHenging ■start up* protect - prospects to reach the Board in 1S-36 months 





We invite applications from candidates, aged 32-45, who have achieved 8 years experience in tourist real estate, some of 
which must have been acquired overseas. Reporting wffl be to the Managtog Director, and responsfoifities wfll cover the 
ctevetopment of an integrated series of tourist projects incorporating 5 star accommodation, marina casino. vSas. country 
dub etc. in Turkey. This wit include the negotiations witomunicipalrtfes, Mnfstjies for services, licences etc. and with tour 
operators, airlines and hotel management companies etc. The quafities required are a highly presentable manner, abflfty in 
negotiations and a tenacious character- Up to 40% of time wfll be spent offehore utffising the Group's Ankara and 
Constantinople regional offices. A very attractive salary is negotiate + car, non-contrfoutory pension, free life assurance, free 
family BUPA Applications in strict con fid ence under reference PDT442QnT. to the Managing Director CJA 

Lftely to be one of the most exciting and demanding ‘set up then manage’ appo in tment s In a dynamic post mergerfpre Trig 
bang' environment. Exceptional prospects for creative all rounder. 



£23,000-£40,000 INCLUDING 


Vte invite applications from Accountants, fifcely to be AGA, aged 26-35, who must have had atleast 2 years’ post quafification 
planning/budgetary control experience in an investment banMng/Rnantiai services environment in the Gty, or alternatively 
closely related background in consultancy or at management level within the profession. The selected candidate, who wffl 
report to the Manager Rnandai Planning and Analysis, wifl have a broad range of responabiities for estabSshing budgetary 
control systems for three diverse merging companies; generating appropriate analyses of costs, income etc in a practical 
format for management; and liaising on MIS development plus numerous high level ad hoc projects. Essential qualities are a 
subtie blend tit making things happen durfog a period of rapid change together with technically competent accounting and 
computer systems development skffls. Initial remuneration negotiable £23.000-£40 l 000 by way of high basic salary and 
cSscretidnary bonus, non-contributory pension, free fife assurance and free BUPA. 

Our d lent also seeks an accountant likely to be ACMA to act as number two to the above. Salary + bonus is 
sfcxiQarty attractive. 

Applications, in strict confidence, under reference BCA 111/TT. to the Managing Diredor A.LP.S. . . . . .... 

A chaBengfrig position - opportunity to reach the Board in 2-4 years 




£22,000-£32,000 + INCENTIVES 


This vacancy calls for men or women, aged 28-35, who have a record of at least 5 years’ successfully selling and marketing 
consumer durables in an organisation noted for its modem marketing practices, who wifl have set up dealer networks and 
preferably have some experience selfing in the US market Responsbifities will cover developing further a two channel 
distribution system, test marketing, estabSshing a service network, sales promotion and co-ordinaiion on factory delivery ex. 
UK. A sister company already established as leaders in a related field will provide significant maritet support. The capacity to 
establish quaTrty products In their correct ruche in the US market is key to the success of this operation. Based In London, up 
to 50% away travel wffl be spent in the USA working out of the Group's Washington office. Initial salary negotiable, 
£22,000-£32,000 + performance related Incentive ■ + car , non-contributory pension, free life assurance, free BUPA, 
assistance wxth removal expenses if necessary. Applications i n strict confidence under reference VPSM4421 /TT, to the 
Managing Director CJA 

Opportunity to set up training function from scratch - prospects exist to reach the Board 


£1 8,000-£25,000 



AppBcations are invited from candidates, aged 30-45, who have acqdred not less than 7 years' practical training experience, 
preferably in the financial services field or aHied area, and at least 2 years' actuary running courses. Responsfoifitieswffl 
cover the implementation, co-ordination and planning of the Bank's training worid-wide. Involving establishing general 
induction courses and programmes for graduates and specialists in specific areas. Courses win take place both in-house and 
externally, using both internal personnel and external consultants. The ability to advise and guide senior management on 
meeting and achieving their staff training requirements is important A ludd and positive approach plus the ability to set 
priorities is key to the success of this appointment Initial salary negotiable, £1 8, 000-425,000 + bonus, mortgage subsidy, 
non-contributory pension, free fife assurance, free family medical cover, assistance with removal expenses if necessary. 
Applications in strict confidence under reference T04422/TT, to the Managing Director CJA 

A challenging biend of res ea rch and policy development in this Influential organisation, repre se nt i ng its members* 

wide-ranging business interests 






On behalf of our clients, we invite applications from graduates, aged 2S30, with at least 2 years’ research experience either 
in a barie/commerciai organisation or the public service, covering UK and EEC emptoyroent and J.R. legislation. The 
appointed candidate will be responsrbte for servicing the Employment Committee (working closely with its Chairman) and, as 
a member of the lOD's Poficy Unit will take a leading role in the researching and formulation of policy documents/pubficaflons 
covering employment and I.R. matters. Other responsibilities include preparing briefs, liaising with government departments 
at se rver l evel' representing the IOD in public and maintaining dose finks with Hs members, principally in an advisory capacity. 
Important will be the ability to present facts in a lucid, concise format and to work effectively as the Employment spedaiist in a 
team representing Company Affairs. Taxation, Parliamentary and Business Policy issues, initial salary negotiable up to 
£17,000, iron-contributory pension with fife assurance, free medical insurance. Applications in strict confidence, under 
reference RE 4423/TT. to the Managing Proctor CJA 

35 gWBB8ttSlBgT,UHBaiHai1BLTBaH0g:tn-588 3588 W 81-588 3576. THEE 837374. H0bgl-Z5B8Sm 

LW? £ 

O.R. Analysts 

Could you plan for tomorrows news? 

As one of the UK’s leading retailers, we don’t 
just distribute the news. We make it. 

Over recent years we’ve achieved considerable 
commercial growth. Our performance levels have 
outstripped targets, we’ve developed into marry new 
markets and we've succeeded within a dynamic, 
ever-changing environment. 

But success has to be planned for. 

At W.H. Smith that responsibility rests with the 
Information Services Division, where several superb 
career opportunities currently exist for experienced, 
problem-solving graduates. 

The emphasis is upon financial appraisal; 
Budgetting and performance models, management 
accounting, project viability, systems development, 
business forecasting. 

We don’t want people to just sit behind a desk 

We want practically minded men and women, 
-able to go oat and tackle problems in situ. Self; 
motivated individuals who can develop the user/ 
-client contact role, who are able to appreciate various 

To be considered, you need to be a graduate in 
a numerate discipline - economics, maths, statistics, 
management sciences etc- with several years broad 
commercial experience. 

You need to be commercially creative and Iceein 
to develop new ideas. 

And above all, yon must have the foresight to 
take theoretical models and recognise how they 
would work in practice. 

Depending upon your experience the salary is 
in a range up to £12k. .... 

There is also an attractive benefits package, 
including a non-contzibntoty pension, staff discount 
scheme and where appropriate, assistance with 
relocation to this pleasant and accessible part of 

Finally, as a career-minded individual, there 
are genuine prospects for personal development. 

To apply, please write for anappticatfcu formoc 
send a detailed CV to: Jim Burnett, WJEL Smith & ' 
SooXtiL, GrceriMdgelbwUMndon, Wiltshire 
SN33LD. Tel: Swindon (0793) 616161 ext 2325. 

and transfer them intouctioh. 



The Mecca Leisure Group is 
one of the leading UK leisure 
companies, with over 200 locations 
and a turnover in excess of £130 
million. Following the completion of 
a management buy-out last yean the 
Company seeks a high calibre, 
commerdally-aware Business Analyst 
to join the small centra! management 

Reporting to toe Group 
Finance Director, you will be 
responsible for key areas of business 
and financial analysis. Specifically, 
you will be expected to review toe 
Group’s performance, to undertake 
economic and market research and 
investigate potential acquisitions. The 
majority of assignments will be higher 
confidential often requfrmg initiative 
and judgement in sourcing 


A graduate and probably in 
your late 20s, you should have a 
recognised aarountancyqualification 
and at least 2 years ‘blue chip’ 
.experience in business analysis. You 
u/iU also need highly developed 
communication skills, sound 
commercial judgement, creativity and 
an enthusiasm to succeed in a feet 




. essential In return, and in addition to 
your salajy and company car, we can 
offer a comprehensive benefits 
package and exceptional scope for 
career progression. . 

Please send condse personal ■ 
and career details to R£. Park, 

Group Personnel Services Director, 
Mecca Leisure Group pic, 

76 Southwark Street, 

-London SE10PP. 

Mecca Leisure Group pic 







A centre of medical, academic and techniad excellence which 

Salary £22,000 

unit with theatre and endoscopy suite * professional staff 
tesponsiw to the needsof toe sunountfing community yet geared 
to accommodate international patients; 

Mid Wales Development is a Statutory 
Regional Development Board.wtto 
resphstoifity for economic and social 
development In Mid Wales. Applicants 
should offer skill in industrial develop- 
ment the stimulation of new enterprises 
and product marketing. 

. * 

c. £40,000 p.a.' negotiable 

Further details from; 

J.E. HUGHES, Board Secretary 
Mid Wales Development, Ladywefl 

Newtown, Powys. SY16 1JB 

TJie hospital s due to open in the Autumn, ths position, possibly 
the mast mnwatwe in the world of private median^ w« enable 
the successful applicant to mate a step forward in the way private 
X-tay services are provided. - • 

Jo be successful you must have experience of managing. a toll 
rang e of X-ra y senses in a department which is extensively 
epLUfved and Indudes CTscannaig, angiography and hasplarmed 
MRI. wu ww provide a reporting service on oatients referred to 

AS completed applications must be 
returned by 23 June 1986. 

*. *■ r-— ° i5vuiuimaei*w on paoens reTHTeo lO 

the Qepartmem and where appropriate offer cfinkaladvioe and 
comment to the referring drrudarts.' - 

Mid. Wales 

>bu win be expected to actively .partidpate *m promoring thesg 
senneesby developing dinkal relationships and attendance at, 
and participation in, presentations concerning the hospital 


For further information please write' to PR i Kefeev-Frv. 

5* t. 

■VW r 

_ Swdd MMrxi Cjmnj Wedo 
The Dft wh apnu f Bored tor JtotfWaio 

7 « •m*wa r iimoTiouon« nous. 

** lontfon El or call him on 
01-480 7304 for further discussion. 

m si'ii, ■ -r 



i*- 1 


5 'i V ' 


- vcO 





•tAtr r*«*w — 


«* t~)\nu» 

i l ’w * ** ^ 


Consultancy - 

the route to 
Top Management 

Mann factoring Information Distribution/ 

Technology Logistics 

MRPfMRPlI. OPT, Comms, OA. 
JIT.CIM.CADCAM, mainframc/mini/ 

FMS, robotics . micro, manufacturing. 

Strategy, computer- 
controlled systems, 
ware bousing, stock 
control, hi-tech 
materials handling, 

£ 17 - 35,000 

We have been briefed by j range of highly 
prestigious management consultancy clients to 
help them search for (he best young talent in the 

They can equip 'fast track' men and women for 
tomorrow's top management positions by 
broadening and deepening technical and 
interpersonal skills through a wide variety of 


The significance of management consultancy is 
reflected in frequent advertisements for 
consultants in the national media, but which ones 
should you consider? Our experience can help 
you choose. 

We would like to meet high calibre, numerate 
graduates in their late 20s or early 30s who have 
planned and/or implemented radical changes in 
strategies and computer-based systems in either 
line or support management roles. 

Your experience will have been gained in 
recognisable blue chip companies who operate 
advanced systems and who are genuinely 
forward thinking about change. 

To discuss your next career step, please 

Oairx Hydop Alan Brown 

0905612261 office 062875956 

0905354509 home 0753883288 


or send us your C\'to the address below quoting 
your daytime telephone number. 

IT consultants in financial services - defined 

MKA Search International Limited 

MKA House 

King Street 


Berks SL6 1EF 

overseas with LA. recruitment... 

We are looking for staff for a number of vacancies in two major 

. mg for staff u<#1 

prospects in HOLLAND - The first is concerned with a new 
family of powerful UNIX-based multi-user microcomputers de- 

signed to integrate office automation, data processing and 
networking applications (Code UNIX). Candidates without 

UNIX experience win be considered as training will be given! 
The second project concerns the development or a 

- — - — - new flexible 

network concept which supports comms between systems, inde- 
pendent of their origin (Code NET). 

There are also vacancies for simile work on a family of ad- 
vanced PCs (Code PC). 

Data Comaankatioos Specialists 
£neg JRefJ452 

To prepare manuals for programmers and users and to contrib- 
ute to product specifications. 

Knowledge of networks and, in particular, SNA is essential. 
(Codes UNIX and NET). 

To w 

contribute to product sped 

Network Specialists 


To write manual and develop courses for network users and to 
specifications. VAX/VMS experience an 

User Interface Spedatists/Team Leaders 
£neg Ref:3448 

To document and to help specify online facilities for providing a 
uniform user interface and to develop training materials and 

(Code UNIX & PC). 


Senior Data Processing Programmers/ Authors 
*»eg Re£3499 

To vyrile programmers guides and reference manuals covering, 
for example, data management and transaction oriented pro- 
gramming. To contribute to the specifications of data processing 
and Office Automation systems. 

COBOL and *C experience an advantage. 

(Code UNIX). 


Senior Creative Anthors/Edftors 


To write manuals for office automation end users, achieving the 

highest possible quality of content and presentation. Team Haid- 
er post available for suitably experienced candidates. 

(Code UNIX and PC) 

Experienced Micro Computer Programmers 

' - £<£3454 

To write technical reference manuals for advanced PCs and to 
program training and documentation tools. Knowledge of ‘C an 

(Codes UNIX and PC). 

Instructional Designers and Consultants 


on-line documentation and training. 

NIX and PQ. 

Project Lnder /Operations Consultant 
£neg Re£3450 

To control development of documentation and training on sys- 
tems management and operations. 

UNIX and ‘C experience an advantage. 

(Code UNIX). 


To di 

Senior Programmers/ Authors with UNIX exp. 

Ref 3451 

To write programmer's guides covering the use of UNIX related 

programming tools. 
UNIX and *C 


programming experience an advantage. 

Please telephone Ana Arfcdge (D462) 57141 (day) 
(0462)700701 (evenmgs) 

Mia keocuttment. ntgrosr. hu c b in. hekts. scs ivl 

ns [3f3H{3t9DDBHlfflQl 


Many of us are so involved with the jobs weYe doing and 
the responsibilities we have that we seldom stop to wonder 
whether we are making fuH use of our potential 

We are working because we have to - we have 
me ‘ ‘ ' ' 


facts of life 

Another fact is that most of us have a nagging doubt 
that we could be doing better but we just don t know what 
to do about it 

Wb are a group of specialist career consultants whose 
sole function is to guide executives and professional 
people and help them achieve their individual objectives. 

We guarantee that we will commit our time and effort 
until you are satisfied that your career objectives have 
been realised. 

For thirty years we have been striving for the best 

Now it's your turn! 

Chusid Lander has changed all that 

telephone us to arrange a confidential personal 
assessment without obligation, or write to 
The Administrator Ref */yi a/6/i 35/37 Fteroy Street, 
London W1P 5AF- enclosing a brief career summary. 

LONDON 01-5806771 MANCHESTER 061-2280089 

BIRMINGHAM 021-6438102 NOTTINGHAM 094937911 

BRISTOL 02 72 223 G7 GLASGOW 041-3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 



Applicants should be educated to 
HND/Degree level in science of related 
subject and will be involved in the prepa- 
ration of sample - and analysis of a wide 
range of raw materials and products, in- 
cluding metals, alloys, chemicals and 
refractory materials. 

The Company offers an attractive salary 
plus shift allowance, pension scheme, life 
assurance and excellent career prospects. 

Written applications, giving full details of 
career to date, to: 

The Personnel Manager, 

London & Scandinavian 
MetaUnrgical Co. Limited 
Fullerton Road, 

S60 1DL 

Tel: 0709 371101 


Salary negotiable up to £24,291 pa 

Applications are invited for the 
Research at tbs Economic 

of Director of 
Social Research 

ng ret 

across all the social science disciplines. It is devel- 
oping major programmes in Information 
technology; the environment and countryside; in- 

dustry, employment and job generation; and drug 
addiction. The rese 

research director will advise the 
Council on its research strategy and co-ordinate 
the research programmes of Council's Commit- 
tees, including the 23 Centres which receive their 
core-funding from Courted. 

The successful candidate is fikety to be aged be- 
tween 30-45, with a good working knowledge of 
research. Personal/practical experience of re- 
search wU be an advantage but not essential. He 
or she wffl have imagination, intellectual curiosity 
and enthusiasm for new ideas, as wefl as good 
managerial skills. The ' post will be based in the 
Council's headquarters in Central London. Some 
trave&ng wifl be required. A salary increase from 1 
April 1986 is pending. 

Application forms can be obtained from the 
Establishments Officer, ESRC, 160 Qreat 
Portland Street, London WIN 6BA. 

Closing Date: 27 June 1986. 



Career Crisis? 

Ybu may be m the wrong job. have unfulfilled ambitions or haw 
been made redundant. Our uiwjue adion-onented, rndhriduahy 
tailored programme for senior sewt/ves win ensure that 
you attain your career obtectiws quickly 
fa arrange a free, confidential discussion telephone 0l-83VlTfl) 

executive Action 

37-Queen Amie Street, London WlM9fB Tele* 295693 



Hurdle, ker’dl , k. obstacle. In the race by City members to exploit the new 
business opportunities provided by deregulation, a lack of dear and 
precise information may consign an organisation to failure. Hurdlers, 
those organisations th at see the problems in their paths and take adequate 
steps to leap over them. 

Hence, kens, ads. the growing demand for our specialist skills in Financial 
services consulting, a dynamic part of Coopers & Lybrand Associates, the 
■U.K;s leading firm of financial and management consultants. 

Heroes, Jier’owz, n. we are seeking outstanding professionals to join us as 
senior consultants in the field of systems consulting, 
hand, k'-nd, n. to assist our dients in the various financial sectors such as 
banking, securities trading, building societies, investment management 
and insurance, hand-picked, our consultants for their professional 
skills, hand-in-hand, working with our clients, providing excellent 

Handle, h'-ndly v.i. you can expect to play a major role, providing specific 
recommendations on all aspects of operational and financial systems, 
undertaking IT strategy studies, software selection and effectiveness 
reviews, and in managing major projects. 

hard, hard, adj. the challenges you can expect to face when assisting in 
management rationalisation programmes to facilitate the merger of two 
insurance companies, advising new conglomerates in systems strategy for 
the changing securities market following Big Bang, or in selecting systems 
for. banks, insurance companies and investment institutions. Hard to 
beat, exceptional opportunities to fast-track your career, 
highest, hy-est , adj. the calibre of the professionals we seek, faigh- 

• flyers, between 27 and 35; probably graduates and holding a senior 

* position in a major consultancy or in the finandal services sector as a 
. management services director, a systems development manager; data 
... processing manager or project leader. 

hybrid, hy-brecL, n . technical skills are not enough- Whatever your track 
record, you must be able to combine :-ai sound technical grounding and an 
understanding of data processing requirements in the financial sector 
v with the .ability to communicate effectively in dealing with all levels of 
.'•'management. v t 

fadtoark, horl-mark, n. the stamp of your worth. Match up to our 
requirements and you can expect £25- 40,000 per annum, plus car, and 
''•the chance of rapid tareef;developm£nt. / 

. hsLve^kav\ XKi. il you thmk you have wfiat it takes for af6ie in systems 
. - . . ^consuliing, send a fuficareer Vesume with a daytime telephone number, 

; v ' quptmg.* ref T01723 to Pat' Sherry, .Coopers & Ly.brand Associates, 
i v PIu«i 6puri* Londoa jEG4A 4HT. 'V,.- • 

* • . 


T his is an exciting time to be working in the City. 

A revolution is taking shape and the speed of 
change increases daily as the City is ‘rebuilt’ for 
the new epoch. 

Computer systems are the key to success 
and naturally Admiral is involved there too. 
Working with some of the most important 
institutions in the City, we are designing and 
implementing on-line trading and settlement 
systems that will match the needs of the new 
financial markets. 

As one of the leading U.K. software houses, 
Admiral is involved in many other fields where 
the speed and integrity of computer systems are 
vital, such as energy, transportation, process 
control and defence. Systems involved include 
DEC, Tandem, IBM. ICL and Hewlett Packard. 

If you are interested in furthering your 
career in software, then you should be talking to 
us. Admiral has an impressive record of growth 
and offers individuals with ambition the chance 
to make an immediate impact. 

The people we are looking for will have a degree 

or equivalent qualification, experience of on-line 
systems and be capable of taking immediate 

Admiral offers generous benefits such as a 
non-contributory pension scheme, 
life insurance and free 
membership of 



If you can 
meet the challenge 
of working in a 
young, disciplined 
company, please 
telephone or write to 
Terry’ Jones at: 

Admiral Computing Gfoup Limited. 
15 Victoria Avenue. Camoerley. 
Surrey GU15 3JH. 

Telephone: (0276) 682651/61 167. 



Revered on DC L 



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£S b> 

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ut its 

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and il 

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. .£99.95 

. .£99.00 


. ' mi* - -— - — • ■ 




Graduate Scientists and Engineers 

So you thought 
your finals were over. . . 

Here are one or two more questions for you to tackle. 


Devise a four-dimensional computer model to predict the dispersion of atmospheric 


Discuss and advise on the feasibility of introducing CADCAM to a major manufacturer 
in the engineering industry. 


Measure the bandwidth of multi-mode optical fibres using a frequency domain technique. 


Devise a flight test program to evaluate the avionics systems in a “fly-by-wire” aircraft 

These are just a few of the problems which the Scientific Civil Service undertakes - 
every day. We don’t expect you to have all the answers from Day One, but we do want 
you to use all the knowledge and skills you have gained over the last few years. 

We will give you all the training and experience necessary to continue your learning curve. 

Our representatives will be visiting the Careers Fairs up and down the country over 
the next month or so. Come and see what we have to offer: you’ll be surprised at the 
scope of the opportunities. If you can’t get to a Careers Fair, call at your Careers Advisory 
Service or write to Civil Service Commission, Alencon link, Basingstoke, Hants 
RG21 1JB, or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 (answering service operates outside 
office hours). Please quote ret SY/25/D. 

The Civil Service is an equal 
opportunity employer 


A direct line 
to the executive 



(Write your own cheques) 


(Experience not essentia!) 


(No cold-ca!iing or canvassing) 


(Starting up your own business) . 

InterExec is ^organisation special' 
ising in the confidential promotion of 
Senior Executives. 

InterExec clients do not need to find 
vacancies or apply far appointments. 

InterExecs qualified specialist staff 
and access to over 100 unadvertised 
vacancies per week, enable newappoint- 
ments at senior levels to be achieved 
rapidly, effectively and confidentially. 

For a motnalfy exploratory meeting telephone: 

London ® 01-930 5041/$ 

19 Charing Crass Road, WC2. 

Birmingham ® 021-632 5648 



(Reverse the charges) 


(Thursday or Friday) 

Assistant Solicitor 
£12^27-£16y313 pa 

To deal with matters arising from the treat- 
ment of patients, particularly disciplinary 
cases involving the medical staff, and other 
litigation arising from all branches of the 
Authority’s functions but particularly relating 
U> building and engineering contracts. 
Application forms and further details available 

Regional Personnel Division • 

• Full wood House 
Old Ford Road 
S10 3TH 

or let (0742) 306511 ext 319 
quoting reference AGD 35. 

date 20th June 1986. 


SOUTH LONDON 01-688 9229 
NORTH LONDON 01-482 5238 


BRISTOL 0272 291064 
EDINBURGH 031 440 2824 
NEWCASTLE 0385 49643 
YORKSHIRE 0274 736514 
DUBLIN 0001 602304 
ANDOVER 0264 74443 

BIRMINGHAM 021 355 4201 
ULSTER 0232 233599 
GLASGOW 041 246 2545 
MANCHESTER 0625 526365 
CARDIFF 0222 382 283 
READING 0535 427G3 

Applications are invited for the above post from 
candidates aged 25 to 40 who are graduates and 
have experience in public administration. Prefer-' 
ence will be given to those with relevant 
experience of servicing committees. 

The Rotunda, New Street 

Bristol ' ® 0272 277315 

30 Baldwin Scrta. 

Edinburgh ® 031-226 5680 


Leeds ® 0532 450243 

12 Sr. Paul's Strrrt, 

Manchester ® 061-236 8409 

Faulkner Hoasc, Faalkocr5am. 

The one who stands ouf 

Are you earning £20.000— £ 100.000 p.a. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught’s discreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 


32 Savile Row London, W1 
The Executive Job Search 

of Planning 

Reporting to the Deputy Secretary-General, the 
Controller of Plamng wffl manage two main 

• the development of the Count's rela- 
tionships with Regional Arts Associations, 
local authorities, Government departments 

- and other pubfic agendas concerned with Id- 
sure. soda) and economic po&des, and 

• the management and co-ord nation of 
key development priorities of the Council cur- 
rently in the areas of disability, ethnic 
minority arts, education and training. 

The Controfler of Planning win also be responsible 
for the CouncTs research and statistics unit Ap- 
plicants must have first class managerial, 
investigative and administrative experience with a 
broad knowledge and understanding of the arts. 
Salary on a scale from CM.873-E 19.728 per 
annum {under review). 

For an appfcation form and job description 
please contact the Personnel Department. 
Arts Council. 105 PiccaiSRy, London W1V 

OAU. Tel: 01-629 9495 Ext 266. Closing 

date for receipt of ap pB c a i iu ns: 20th June 


Previous applicants need not apply. 

An Equal Opportunities Employer 

Applications in the form of a letter and curricu- 
lum vitae should be addressed to the Personnel 
Officer. General Medical Council, 44 HaQam 
Street, London, WIN 6AE, from whom further 
particulars can be obtained. 

Closing date 20th June, 1986. 

Laadoa SE5 c£13,000 p.a. + Car 

Save the Children works in over 50 coun- 
tries including the UK with an income of 
£36 million in 1985/6. As part of a re- 
organisation of the Industry & Commerce (I 
& C) Section of the Fund Raising Depart- 
ment we are now seeking to fill the new post 
of I & C Manager. 

Repotting to the Director of Fund Raising, 
the post holder will be responsible for for- 
mulating an I & C policy and for planning 
and developing strategies to increase links 
with and generate support from industry 
and commerce (including donations; gifts in 
kind; payroll giving; secondments and com- 
mercial promotions). 

Applicants must have extensive manage- 
ment experience with a background in Sales 
and/or Marketing. Strong communication 
and human relations skills will be essential 
and experience of initiating and running 
commercial promotions will be important. 

For further details and application form 
please contact Leonie Lonton, Personnel 
Officer, SCF, 17 Grove Lane. Camberwell. 
London SE5 8RD. 

Closing date for applications is 30th 
June 1986. 


Save the Children 


European Operations 

A broad mandate to drive this advanced 
technology leader in Europe . . . 

A sterling reputation for quality products in its specialized field, 
and a progressive, confident team approach have given this 
international corporation the foundation for consistent business 
success, innovative product and market development In a technology 
whose time has come will spearhead future corporate growth- - 
Already established in Europe in an attractive UK location, the _ 
company is well-positioned to exploit the tremendous opportunity 
represented by the European market. 


• . m J 

We are looking for a leader with vision balanced by common 
sense. Most important^, you are attuned to people — you win by 
motivating and developing people to achieve their personal best. 
Your experience has had wide scope: from a university education 
base in technology, you have progressed to profit and loss 
accountability in a medium-sized, high growth company with the 
responsibility for the Marketing, Sales, Manufacturing, Product 
Development and Finance funcaionST - - - - - 

management in Continental Europe or the United States . . . and you 
are mobile to take advantage of future career growth opportunities 
within the corporation. Now, you seek an organisation where there 
are virtually no limitations on your potential to achieve corporate and 
personal success, with a proven winning team. 



Please write, in strict confidence, with a full CV stating how 
yon feel you match the requirements of the post to the Managing 

MFPWN Mervyn Hughes International Ltd., . 
i-T jiJL-i JL t. ▼ I i * Management Recruitment Consultants, 
ITT TPIJIPC 37 Golden Square, London W1R 4AN 
nUixtllLO Telephone: 01-4344091/01-734 1200 


Solution Sales OTE £35K + car 

with training schemas & promotional prospects 
second to nona is eager to engage top flight 
SoMfon sales types. Successful candidates vvtf 
haya -Distribution ar Manufockring industry 
experience as weflas Boardroo m presence and 
Bnjay Blue Chip company benefits. Positions exfet 

Support Consultants £16K + car 

tou are under 34 Wefigertenfoutiaslic and able 
to oomnurtoate. tou cdso have Decision Support 
or Rnandal AppBcnSori experience in a 4th 
Gerorolfan tang oageenwronrh e nfandwirfi to 
work- for ~cf major tTsoftwCre jnanufocftjrertn ' 
LOM)ON of International repute. Maui career wffl 
then progress you into quota Sates ar Senior 

Micro Sales OTE £30K + car 

TNs Systems House wef known In tire UNIX maricef 
ptaca requires 3 young micro territory sales 
people who *Ash to be fcained Wo a muffi-user 
environment where unit sates are of higher value. 
SALS SUPPORT people gsdaries £TK to £5K) are 
cfco urgenSy. required with UNDC BOS or 

IBM Leasing OTE £50K + BMW 

feu have suxessM sates espafence in the BM 
mW/nxinframe enwonment but your earnings 
potenfidb frustrated Why not consder toe workl 
of leasing? Putting togetoer deals can be as 
exciting as sefing toe systems toemsetaes, and 
can also bring earnings into toe £80k bracket 

.-j* 7' 

The Sales Recruitment Specialists 


Trafalgar House, GrenvtSc Hoc*, London, NW7 3SA 
Telephone: 01-959 1198/3611 (9583131 evenings) 

tArhnnf w & 

Mcnow nappar-* 

CO other sales 

Librarian/Research Assistant 
Investment Management 

Our client is a major fond management organisation which controls £ multi bfllioo funds 
invested internationally, in a broad range of investment media. 

There is an existing core of information which is not currently being fully exploited and 
the plan, therefore, is to establish an internal information and reference library. 
Responsibilities win include: 

• Maintaining and improving the range and flow of a pp ropria te material into the 
library from a wide variety of sources including the press, stockbrokers and 
queried companies. 

• Establishing an effective system for gaining access to the contents of the library. 

• R pgnfar djaaenrini tlOn Of yifar matfo nn tfimnghflnf rira orgjiTiijtatiftn. 

Candidates will probably be graduates and win have a thorough grasp of the woiiongs of 
the Gty. Whilst experience of formal library work is not essential, the ability to 
introduce and manage effective systems is. 

Re m un e r a tion, including an excellent benefits package, wiH folly reflect the importance 
placed upon this appointment. 

Please contact Stephen Embleton or E lisabeth Evans who will treat all enquiries in the 
strictest confidence. 

Rochester Recruitment Ltd., 

22a College Hffl. London EC4R 2SP 
Tel: 01-248 8346 

tanding opportunities, 
itstanding location. 

If you are a bright and ambitious young soliritoi; either recently 
qualified or just finishing broadly based articles, we have opportunities 
for you to develop your potential in commercial property work. 

One of the largest firms in the South West, Bond Pearce can provide 
you with the type of environment you need - either at our new and 
growing office in Exeter or in Plymouth, both among the most attractive 
locations in the country. 

Enthusiasm and hard work will be rewarded by a good salary and 
excellent prospects. - 

If yoifd like to have an informal discussion on what Bond Pearce has 
to offer, ringjofan Price on 0752 266633 or write to himat 1 The Crescent; 
Plymouth, PL1 3AE to arrange a „ • . 

meeting in London, Exeter or ' BOND PEARCE 
Plymouth. Solicitors • 





The Wzzstl Group is one of the Country's 
leocmg Insurance Broking and Financial 

Sewces Groups wBh offices fhfoughouJ the UK 

andgrowing htemattona) interests. The cote 

bustness ts o private meter and general 
insurance account ptocecfat Lloyd's which 
? c^bose In excess of % mflliori. 
and interpretive analysis a business 
pe rtCTm cnce ploys a key rote in the Group's . 
opwafionai and sbategfe planning. 


Circa £14K 

The prime role o( the SPA is to coordinate the 

?r<put from various Internal planning bodies " 
into the planning syj -atn onct to assist in 

technical support Is given to the planning ' 
groups to provide common leporitag 
wanoareb. There is also resporwtoHByfar toe 
production end kiteiprefonon of performance 
data to support decision taking at the highest 

with a numeric bias and must have relevant 
commercial experience. Computer 
appHcafions tevotvement in an IBM 
environment with Lotus. Symphony, FHefab or 
Montis soflworewfll odd easy ortmBoHon of 
existing systems. 


Circa fill* 

Reporting to the SPA the Information Analyst is 
operationally respons&te for the production 
of both regular and ad hoc reports covering 
every facet of the Group’s business. 

Scrupulous ieritentton to occurocy and . 
documentation standards and the abfffty to 
meet hard deadlines is a toy requirement. 

a statistical or mathematical blasts a 
■lundamentat requirement and exposure to on 
insurance environment would be a distinct 

The Company offers an attractive range of 
benefe induefiro compre h ensive relocation 
. arrangements where appropriate. 


Please write In the fist Instance wih CV to S M 
Woolridge. Personnel Manager, Frizzell 
(Consumer Services DMstonfFrizzeH House. 
County Gatos, Poote, Dorset, 8H13 6BH. 

8H13 6BH. 

si m 

Salary £27,000/£3D,000 (plus LWA) 

Central Council for 
Education & Tiaining in Social Work 

The Council is seeking a successor to Priscilla Young who is retiring. The successful 
applicant will be London based will be able to offer: 

Leadershi p In ffae de velopment ot «edd wade education and tntinhig 

Ability fa manage mni hnri fl awnplwir n’ t? an j u n imirt i m tn »ff|wMji 
- in major change 

Lively knowledge and interes t In social wodt practice and theory 

App lication s axe invited from men and women who have experience of work, 

social work education and senior management nspansibiliijr, and who have relevant 

aoaiftemw! pro fadanl qwilifiraKnnn ... 

The Council is an equal n^i p or timW ^ em ployer. Application fanra fart her 
information from Pansarmal Section, CCETSW, Derbyshire House, St Chad's Street, 
London WC1H HAD. Tel: . 01 278 2455 Ext. 238. Clnring date for completed 
applications: Friday, 27th Jane, 1986. 


'r* - 


Two Appointments 

Assistant Secretary Te chnical 
Advisory Department 

The requirement is tor a competent adminis- 
trator of graduate calibre with an ability to 
master qnjcldy technical and legal matters with 
which he or she has not been familiar previ- 
ously. Good oral and written expression is a pre 


Duties will indude research work, the prepara- 
tion of papers, agendas and minutes of meetings; 
answering (or obtaining answers from appropri- 
ate evens to) members' conferences; 
repres e nting the Institute in its contacts with 
government departments, professional bodies, 
trade associations etc and assisting with the 
development of the Institute’s Technical Advi- 
sory Service. 

While knowledge of purchasing and supply is 
not essential, it is highly desirable as is member- 
ship of LPS. No agp limit though it is unlikely 
that anyone with less than five years experience 
of business and/or a trade/ professional society 
will . have the necessary maturity and 

Salary negotiable within the range £1050- 


The requirement is fora less experienced person 
(with say 3-5 years post graduate experience) to 
undertake most of the tasks set out above but 
with kss emphasis on technical and legal mat- 
ters, and with no need for knowledge or 
experience of purchasing and supply. Much of 
the Administrator’s time, at least initially, will 
be devoted to the development and presentation 
of conferences. A lively and agreeable personal- 
ity is required as is total flexibility and the 
willingness to work the very long hours which 
the job frequently demands. Salary negotiable. 

Both appointments win he located at the 
Institute’s Offices (a converted country house) 
but will require frequent visits to London and 
other conurbations. 

Applications (by letter, there is no form) marked 
'Assistant SEcretary’ or ‘Administrator’ should 
be sent to the Director General Institute of Pur- 
chasing and Supply, Easton House, Easton on 
the Hm, Stamford, lines PE9 3NZ 


If you are a qualified accountant or chartered finalist keen to explore all the 
options open to you for develops your career, you must not miss this 


To be held on Thursday 24 July in our London office, this is an ideal 
opportunity fbryou to explore opportunities: 

> Within the profession for newly qualifieds, as seniors in audit, tax or 
insolvency, in the UK, Europe orfurther afield. 

> As a management consultant or manager for those with two or more 
years post-qualification experience either within or outside the profession. 
These posts will require you to demonstrate the maturity, experience and 
interpersonal skills required of senior professional advisers. 

1 With PW Clients, providing openings for qualified accountants wishing 
to develop their careers in all areas of industry and commerce. 

Openings exist in Corporate Finance, Internal Audit, Line Accounting, 
Management Services or Project Accounting. 

To find out more about this evening please telephone or complete the 
coupon below 

Price Waterhouse 

„ APV 

.ed its 
mi to 
i Ben- 

PV at 

a total 
ires, or 


for higher motivated pmfmt faints to join a rapUfr ap wdfa g 
ronaulUDcy covering a oompiate mn of financial aerrieea. 
T raining nil hfi fim ii nifn » nw pm inn hunting tn pnnffirinnil 
fnwnnutinno. Very pod abort term mannmU foo leading to 

■MlbtrffaMf tarn mil pay M«inn file eirfilfaM 

with d at fiart a on and fin an ci al apt it nd f . Kepty in confidence to 
The Pnoo nn el Manager, flnmifWt Financial Services, 5-11 
Laviagton Street, iMim SE1 ONZ. Or telephone 
01 181 1620 for an um B c aU au form. 

Please send me an invitation forthe Careers Open Evening on 24 July 1986 
and a copy of your Career Development brochure. 

lb: Mike Jennings, NAME 

Price Waterhouse, 

SouthwarkTowers, ADDRESS 

32 London Bridge Street, 

London SE19SY 

Telephone: 01-407 8989 


International IT 






los sigujentes concursos 

□ puestoA3deJefedeofidna 
de Prensa e Informacidn de 

□ puesto A3 deconsejerojurf- 
dico espariol; 

□ 32 puestosA5/4 para ratio- 
nales espafioles. 

Para los detallessoficttarlos 
anuncios de concurso a: 



os segumtes concursos 
fea;>nentais, reservados 
aosnaoonais portugueses: 

□ urn lugar A3 de Chefe do 
Bureau de Presse et informa- 
tion de Lisboa; 

□ um lugar A3 de consuitor 
Jundico poitugues; 

□ nove lugares A5 /4 para natio- 
nals portugueses. 

Para maiores infOrmagOes; pedfr 
os avisos de concurso a-. 

Division Recrutement 
200, rue deialoi 
B - 1049 BRUXELLES. 

Oficina de Prensa e informacidn 
Calle Serrano, 41 - 5a pianta 



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Bureau de Presse et information 
35, rua do Sacramento d La pa 
P-1200 USBOA. 




We are the largest employment agency In 
Cambridge and have been established in the City 
for some 12 wars. We are a private company, 
own. the freehold of our premises and have a 
turnover in excess of £1%m a year. 

The partners now wish to appoint an experienced 
person to take over the day to day organisation of 
the business. An outstanding track record is 
essential including experience of executive 

We are offering an excellent salary to the right 
person. Attar a qualifying period a company car 
and other benefits will alt add up to a most 
attractive package. 

Pleas* write in strictest confidence, enclosing 
C.V. to: Ann Dntne, Am Pettengel Bureau. 
41-43 MW Road, Cambridge. CB1 2AW. 

A large professional Ann in the City with overseas offices in Brussels, 
New York and Hong Kong has enjoyed substantial growth in recent 
years. Its strategic plan for future development is well advanced and 
envisages capital' spending of some £3m in the new 4/5 years on 
Information Technology to keep it in the forefront of an increasingly 
competitive legal profession. 

Reporting to the IT Partner, an IT professional is required whose key 
role will be to develop IT strategies and co-ordinate plans so as to 
exploit the opportunities open to the practice. The Manager will act as 
the expert in, but have line management responsibility for all the 
computing, OA and telecoms facilities of the firm. He or she will be 
responsible for obtai ning va lue for money from the capital expenditure 
and ensuring that at all rimes the fee earners continue to receive the 
required levels of ass istarx^ from these crucial support areas. 

This new senior appointment will be the ideal career progression for 
you if in your 30’s, employed by a hi-tech consultancy; large scale user 
or another large professional firm, seeking an initial salary and 
benefitspaekage of up to £35K. You will need tocon vince the firm 
that your portfolio of technical management, inter-personal and 
business skills will contribute to the growth plans of the practice:. 
Please write, in confidence, stating how these requirements are met to 
Raer Willingham, reference LM82 H Spicer arid Regler Associates, 
Executive Selection, Friary Court, 65 Crutched Friars, London 


u ^ a- 1 
co a col 

o n ■ e 


g-s Ss 


? 5 ? 1 “ 

The Batf ke.of 


Diocese ef Guildford 

Applications are Invited for the post of Vicar of this 
Outer-London parish. 

Population 5,000 
Team of deray ant laity . 

Centra) ChnrchmansMp 

Details from foe Dean’s Secretary. King's CDQege. 
Cambridge CB2 1ST. 

Telephone: Cambridge (02225) 3504 U 
Applications to be received by 30 June. 1986 


Rapidly growing London based naltonwkto 

and sonw computer knenutedge esaenliaL Ftex T 
fbifrty and a sense of humour a must Salary 
£14,000- £174M0 negotiable plus; benefits. Re- 
ply to BOX H97 . I i 


Experienced Dredger Master required for small 
Italian shallow water cutter suction dredger 
equipped with 12 cylinder turbo dunged VN 

This position, based in Bahrain, will initially be 
on bachelor stabs tor one year. Salary negotia- 
ble. Immediate start 

Please- send (totalled CV to:- 

Mr C Kcnoett. Kenneu Turner & Co Ltd, 
59 Cadogan Street. London SW3 2QJ. 


Assistant Accountant required by tnetropoti- 
tan Essex based group of private companies. 
Appticam. deed not be qualified but should 
■haye a good knowledge of company and trust, 
accounts. -Personal position responsible to 
Managing Director. Assistance with housing 

Please reply to Box No. E01 - 

Spicer and Psgler Associates 

Management Services 

The Polytechnic of Central London 


; 11 H J CH =• ; k i A ; J ; ^ i ; [« 

The Faculty of Languages of the PCL is looking for a Course Leader for 
the Conference Interpreters' Course. The successful applicant will be an 
experienced conference interpreter, member of ADC, with substantial Q 
teaching experience at postgraduate leveL S/he win have English as an A 
Language, will also have active French and, preferably, other conference 
languages. S/be will also have wide experience of working in both IGOs 
and NGOs and will have good contacts with the profession and with the 
main institutional employers. 

The Course Leader is responsible tor testing (initial and final), arranging 
staffing of the course (involving some 20+ language pairs), timetabling 
etc. The course is postgraduate and each intake is aroung 25 people. 

The appointment wfll initially be a two year contract. Salary scale (for 
Senior Lecturer), £12,996 - £15,084 (Bar) - £16,083. 

Application forms and further details available from the Personnel Office, 
PCL, 309 Regent St, london W1R SAL 
Closing date: 16 June 1986. 



PTRC is a leading provider of mid-career training for engineers 
and town planners. Following the expansion of these activities in 
Europe we wish to appoint a young graduate with fluent French 
and German to join our small but lively team. 

This varied job includes committee work, organising courses and 
seminars ana general administration. Candidates must be capable 
organisers with previous administrative experience, adaptable 
and willing to work under pressure. 

Salary negotiable. Further details are available from; 

Ms Andy Costain, Managing Director 
PTRC Education and Research Services Ltd 
110 The Strand 
London. WC2R OAA 
Tel: 01-836 2208 

Sales & Marketing 

Capital Equipment For The 
Food Processing Industry 

c£20,000 + outstanding benefits 

This British manufacturer leach the world in the design and 
development of essential plant for the food p rocessing industry. Their 
technoifogical innovation arid dedicated approach to R&D has ensured 
consistent progress and expansion, both In terms of equipment 
produced and markets served The company now^ wishes to strengthen 
the senior managerial team with a professional Sales/Marketing 
Executive. The appointment, which could lead to a directorship, is 
based at their new purpose built London H.Q. 

With respons&ility for maintaining the company's growth and 
expanding sales, you will conduct high level negotiations worldwide - 
over 90% of the production is exported. You will also play a crucial 
marketing rote in analysis and research for developing new markets and 
products, liaising between customers and the R&D department and 
co-ordinating all the company's PR activities, media advertising, 
product literature, etc. An aptitude for languages would be 
advantageous, but an understanding of, and ability to deal with, varying 
aitures is essential. 

This is a challenging opportunity where a proven sales background can 
be combined with marketing talent within a well defined management 
structure. Applicants, ideally 35-45, should be graduates, preferably 
with an engineering bias, and a successful record in capital equipment 
sales/mariceting to a related industry. 

Salary is c£2&000 with an excellent benefits package including 
executive car, group pension, life assurance and medical schemes, 
generous overseas travel allowances and relocation assistance. 

Applications must be made to the retained consultants who will 
conductaif initial interviews and ensure complete confidentiality. Please 
quote ref-RR" 

Sales Selection Ltd 

Selection House, Ravenscourt Avenue, 
London W6 0SL Tel: 01-741.96?! i'24hrs) 

Consultants since '! 957 


As a result of our continued growth we require several MANAGEMENT 
CONSULTANTS to maintain our development. 


You must be highly motivated with an appetite for achievement. Your 
successful track record will show that you are thoroughly experienced in 
the business to busings area and capable of problem solving (or small 
and medium sized companies, be they financial, commercial or 

You will receive comprehensive training and the back-up necessary. A 
first-fate remuneration package commensurate with effort is offered. 

If this is your sort of challenge and you are free for an IMMEDIATE 

Thames, Surrey KT1 1NP. 


A leading supplier of brake shoes and other 
automarive components throughout Europe and 
North America requires a Qualified ChieF 
Accountant with some Industrial experience 
to join a small energetic management team. 

Knowledge of D.P, techniques an advantage. 
Attractive salary and company car. 

Please send C.V, to; 

Mrs, V. Perk* 

CBS (Autanoeive & Industrial) Ltd, 

Bone Lane* 

Newbury* •' 

Berio. RG14 5RX. 

p. This 
rim rc- 
■p and a 
rood lo 


. 1986. 
i (£6.58 
cr share 
i). The 



and it 
-rap and 
-year to 
-oss be- 



p into 

/ S256 


n tried 

.499 ex 

»r 11 



m and rru* - 





THORN EM, the largest consumer electrical company in the C1K, is expanding its 
Central Research Laboratories to meet the demand for tomorrow’s products. We are 
seeking research engineers to work in our new laboratory complex which houses one 
of the world’s most innovative research establishments and is situated in the high 
technology centre of South East England 

to research in the disciplines ddailed below. Our puipose built co^tex F 0 ^^^ 
excellent working conations including supeit) research facilities, first class a 

for relax^kmarKl an environment akin to the more progressive universities. 


We arecurrartly seeking eq?eriencedResearch Engmeeis Id join oursmafl team 
devetapkig stat^-the-artGyogaiic Instruments farmltaiy use. Those appointed wffl 
be ecpectedtocontribitetotf.ecfes^constrtK2iai and testing of equpment for 
operation alow temperahre ha rugged envirorimert.Th^ wffl also analyse data and 
plan further experanents and modifications to theinsliuments. 

An MSc or PhD in Low Temperature Physks/Engineemg or Magnetic Measurements 
desirable. Wte would however be prepaed to ranker appfcantswfthafirst or second 
class honours degree in physics, appfied physics or engineering. 



Our extensive graduate recruitment programme is 
almost compile but we still have a requirement for a 
number ofl986 graduates m various fields indudfog 
computer and systems sciences, materials research and 
device research. 


We have for manyyears been in the forefront of Computer Integrated Manitiaduring - 
Technology The increasing demands ofTHORN EMi operating cEvisions for more 
advanced and sophisticated methods of manufacturing have madeitnecessaiy f» usto 
restructure evxl considerably increase this research feeBy. We are cunentfysedang a 
numberofwdl qualified engineers with a variety of indusbidl experience ffK&ding CAD 
lnt^rabonw^CAM,EngineeringDaiabases,!nieifac»Piotocols(M^ , XCompiaBr 
Systems and Manufacturing Systems Design. The new appointees wfll join the 
existing well established team in the analytical evalurion of existing and future 
manufacturing requirements for the Operating Groups-TheywiD also be involved in 
Design Studies and implementation of new manufacturing systems and controls 
with particular emphasis on overdl intejpdion into the QM enviroment Our 
requirements range from recently qualified graduates with some industriri exposure 
to PhDs with several years practical engfoeering experience. 

A PROJECT MANAGER to undertake a reviewoF management aspectsof OM, and 
to cany out analysis aid general methods of implementing solutions to problems is 
also required The person appointed will probably have an engineering degree will 
have undertaken business studies training and have at least two years project 
management experience. 


OunvoikbiTVSffial PtocesangleacfingtawraRfa hue 1-^1 

jmprovedstaidatds^peribwiW» on TV Kq)fay Systems gwefl advanced.To 

accelerate this mggneraumvff are seeldng a number of wd q^aShed etedronfcs 

Vfe would expect appficanlstohave atleast four years appropriateexperience. The 
reseat* expertise tobeenhanced jndudesihefrjvedkpSon of new hx£i definition 
televiskm^aems. improved <fepl^qsterns.^gT^proce^ng. and the stu dy mvideo 
date reduction techniques, hadcfttoni ’ 



Central Research Laboratories 



Par father details and aiappication form 
please write in confidence totttePersonnd 
Department, THORN EMI, Central 
Research Laboratories, FREEPOST, 
Dawiey Real, Hayes, Middx. (E3 1HH,or 
telephone FREEPHONE “Central 
Research" and askforatension 6648 
quotkig reference TI75686 


1. To assist to experirrtente involving Hectiopfating, Vacuum Evaporation, 

Sputtering, Phcto&hograptyandEtchjng.Tbepeisonappai^ wiD probably 



2. ToassistinexperimentsinvoMngSilfo^ Fabrication, ChemfcalAnalysisand 
Sophisticated Semiconductor Equipment The person appointed wffl probaWy 
have an HNC/HIfl^ O level chemiatiy or retevmt laboratory experience. 

3. As an a^stantfocxs’AtenufecturingTechreriogy Laboratory taste wffifndude 

m this rapkflyexpendtogfadfiy. The person appointed wfflprobabfy be educated 


i^ppiro/h ied¥»M 6^Qfh»ea ppmpri at e ldx»aotye3q)erience. 

Our client is committed to providing its European customers with the latest in 
MOS/VLSf- solutions. The company specialises In the design, development and production 
of application-specific integrated circuits and has built one of the most advanced production 
facilities in Europe. Sales offices and design centers have been established throughout 
Europe in order to be dose to the customer. A broad range of marieet segments are served 
including telecommunications, automotive, industrial, EDP and consumer 

Marketing Manager Europe 

Integrated Circuits 

The major areas of responsibility revolve around the foUowing functions: 
i Defining and Introducing new products to various markets throughout Europe 
i Conducting sales support For example preparation of documentation material 
and development of programs for product training of clients and personnel 
i Interfacing wfth the design and production departments to assist customers on 
development of ICs for all above-mentioned Industries 
i Extensive Involvement in business planning 

If you have a technical degree, have worked several years In the design erf integrated circuits 
with CAD/CAE tools and have experience with customers, then you might be an excellent 
candidate for this outstanding career step. Knowledge of German is desirable. 

Because of the swiftly growing demand for our client's products, the company's internal 
management structure, and the exposure this position has at International and local level to 
the management decision- making process, the advancement possibilities are outstanding. 

You are requested to Initiate contact in writing with the consulting organisation retained for 
the search. An interview will be arranged in London within 14 to 21 days. For brief additional 
information please contact the consuttant-fn-ebarge of Project Na 113 by tfiafing 
010-43-69/230876. Dolan Consulting guarantees that your application will be treated with 
the utmost confidentiality. Ybu wiH. of course, team who our client Is before he^ with your 
approval, is Informed of your application. 


Executive Search & Services 

29, Untermainkai ■ D-6000 Frankfuit-on-the-Main 1 -TeL 230876 -TX. 413418 kebs d 
USA • United Kingdom ■ W. Germany • Scandinavia • Switzerland 
Austria • Benelux • France • Italy • Spain 



The MAC Group is an international general man- 
agement consulting firm whose clients include 
many of the world’s major companies. Applica- 
tions are invited for the post of Office Manager in 
the busy and expanding London office... . . .. 

The Office Manager is responsible for the detailed 
administration of the office, working closely with 
consulting and support staff. This is a key adminis- 
trative post and the successful candidate will be 
expected to have proven administrative capability. 

We are looking for a highly motivated problem 
solver with the ability to make decisions and work 
well under pressure. In addition good interpersonal 
skills and the ability to manage staff are essential. 

Numeracy is important since you will be expected 
to oversee the office overhead and management 
accounts, general accounts, and PAYE. Most of 
this work is computerised (currently on Lotus 123) 
so some computer knowledge would be an 

You will probably be aged between 30-35. Salary 
will depend on age and experience but is very com- 
petitive. Written applications accompanied with a 
CV should be sent no later than 23rd June, 1986 

Lise Bratton 

The MAC Group (UK) Limited 
12/14 Mount Row 
London W1Y 5DA 



W1RA TECHNOLOGY GROUP Js a £2% million- 
plus turnover research institute' which originated 
as the Wool Industries Research Association and 
has in recent years evolved into a successful 
contract research and services group. Its 
activities centre round textiles but extend into 
other fields. 

The post involves deputising for the Chief 
Executive and the direction of research through- 
out the group. 

The post is based in Leeds and commands a 
salary commensurate with the high level of 
scientific, business and managerial skiffs 

The preferred age group is 35 to 45 but applic- 
ations outside this range will be considered. 
Applicants should write, enclosing a CV, to John 
Brown at the address below. Ail replies will be 
treated in confidence. 


Excam vc Rc cn ri u nc n t in Textiles and Clothing 

3 Victoria Road, Guisdey, LEEDS, LS208DH 

(DOE Boq no YHT006} 

for the lion ’s share of executive search 




c. £25,000 

We are a London-based UK software house/consultancy operating in the CAE 
environment. We are marieet leaders in our specialist field of fluid flow simulation. 
Our success to date, based on both the quality of our software and our personnel has 
been achieved by recommendation, referral and repute and more recently by direct 
sales activity. 

We now wish to lay the foundation of a small elite sales team by the appointment of 
a young dynamic Sales Professional The ideal candidate win be a graduate, able to 
demonstrate sales success and the ability to adapt to this fascinating applications 


The opportunity for career and personal development is outstanding. 

For farther details phone Robert Hobbs, Sales and Marketing 
Executive on 01-947 7651 during office hours or send a C.V. 
to him at Cham Limited, 40 High Street, Wimbledon, London 
SW19 5AU. 

Salary Negotiable + Car 





The Testae Institute, which operates under a Royal Charter, has 
members to 100 co un tries. 

Encompassing Textile Horizons, the leading international magazine In the field, a range of books and 
teeme d perio dicals . and a mail-order bookshop, the institute's pubfishing operations cover every facet 
of the tax we industry through subjects as diverse as the technology, design and marketing of faxes, 
yams, fabrics, processing machinery and the vast array of end products for fashion, household or 
engineering uses. 

Candidates should have a record of success In a business-orientated environme n t (not necessarily 
pimranmg) and the mteHectuai abflty and presence necessary to interact with industry leaders, a small 
but highly professional staff, and potential customers and contrtoutors. They must be able to late 
ftnanc f al responsfoil^tor^^profitabie development of thler areas of activity, within guidelines 

re&ponsibffty ... 

programme of conferences and meetings. 

Terms and conditions are for discussion. Further information on the post Is available on request 

Appfcaliona should be made to Richard Denyer, General Secret a ry, The TextBe Institute, Interna- 
tional Headquarters, 10 BtackMars street, Manchester M3 5DR 

EMAP International Exhibitions is the fastest- 
growing subsidiary of EMAP pic. one of the largest 
.publishing groups in the UK. In less than two years 
we've reached the forefront of the UK high tech 
exhibitions market — our plexus now call for 
diversification and further accelerated growth. 
We’re currently looking for a really high -calibre 
pre-30s Exhibition Manager to lead the launch of 
some new exhibition projects currexttly in our 

{ ripeline. Yon must be able to demonstrate an 
m pec cable track record in exhibition sales, the 
ability to motivate staff.- and total commitment to 
success. You'll love new Ideas and thrive under 
pressure, long hours and hard work. If yon really- 
have something to prove In the exhibitions business; 
then we’re the company tor you. Write now. with CV. 
and tell me why we need you. 

Reply tor 

Mr. Robert Mackenzie, Managing Director 
EMAP International Exhibitions Ltd. 

Abbot's Court 
34 FSrrlngdon 

_ _ . - . L.nx LONDON 



Could you edit SpatBgtit, a current 
affaire programme in one of the most 



Current Afiafas 
Northern Ireland 

Joumallsl? Vifeiye looking for a seff- 
starter who can lead confidently a 
small production team and manage 
resources effectively. 

Ireland, North and South, and have a 
good track record in current affairs at 
a senkx level. Based fn Belfast, but 
may have to travel at short notice. 

Salary in the range £15,976 — 
£20,747 per annum (according to age 
and experience), plus an allowance of 
£971 per annum. (Ref. 7631/T) 


Am youa young, ambitious reporter 
with at least three years’ journalistic 
experience? If so, Radio 
Cernbridgeshire hasavacaneythat 
Racffo Cambridgeshire inform you. The work te primarily 

£ 8 ^ 28 — £ 10581 * reporting, interviewing, bulletin writing 
andnewsreading. Good microphone 
Yofce and current drivtogticence - 
essential. (Ref.9890/T) 


RESPONSE - Tbs Intofflqenf Metering Company. 

Requires three first-class professional 
electrical/elactronic engineers to exploit an 
unpa^tete^c^portigtty in a market as extensive 


1. Yorkshire and North East 

2. MkSands and Eastern Canties 

HNC or equivalent quafifications are required. 
With experience, ab&ty and ambition. 

Subsequent earnings wffl reflect the Company's 
mm explosive growth potential. 77 Wales Street, Winchester 

S023 8EY. Telephone M.D., P.R, Hurt 
61962) 67287. 

MjmwL JUmnHtS (London 

* UndsMMiQaal. Aat. roroo- 

OTKteul audits In ttwtnttry. 

.cia. i«k ♦ car. psb Rtcnn- 
JSR 2 ®*I 2 E** AsMord. Kant 

0335 moo/a«eii 

milCnCK MAHHBKM For Dcv 

«n S Doctor P m ence. NM 

noUecHnv and Momrtal 

Salary raooo- £10000 
MW to wtlKasoniy win, C.V. 
bm z ref. TO Dr J.C. Twow. 
The Heattft Centre. 
Oatannwon. Dexia EX2Q 

nnM for 
Kar fi v too Hn». Own as- to- 

MPttar. Satary * eotnmmton 

nayiHMilf. C« Mr Qumitfd 

3** 7365 .. 

■- fir, non 
awe but not aMrdHW- W 
. London. Omuls jerMtame. 

CaR Monika Wu ea rt mc rOt 331 

0666 . Drake BcraatStf A «y. 


• and m let, aewcadviee. Tel: 

BTrUunOH (OW 71 72209 . 

CVS praftariankBr wittKn- 
f of -dole. ■ vm/Acask. 


TeJ PMS-etl 02*06 3367 . 


We are an equal £gW actus imn »ed totely lur m|lcatio n 

opportunities employer 

London W1A1AA. TeL 01-927 5790. 


Proprietor of picture framing business 
based in Wiltshire seeks partner to ex- 
jrand company. The successful applicant 
s&oukr be capable of managing the busi- 
ness and would be expected to have 
experience m_ this . fidd. 

Reply to BOX H73 


AMnistta&in a ss fetatf ta 
(tea&m fn ana gaf of city 6- 
cerwea drafts nunl 
Ural ago 21-25. Naiwsto. 

Perhaps graduate. Mot be 

vreH spcftin aod enjoy wort- 

ing in a tow and demanding 

eowonmara.- Applicants 
must tore at least one 

year's work oqurience wttt 

good references and!* able 

to start. soon. Initial safty 
tma £7000 pa 

Jan Alexander 




J SOC H i 

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Society G€n£rale, a leading International Bank, urgently 
requires a bilingual Marling Executive for their busy 
Trade Promotion and Economic Intelligence 
Department ’ 

The Department is also responsible for banking 
research, public and press relations, technical 
translations and die production of in-hpuse 

Reporting go the Business Development Manager; 
the successful candidate will be required to cany our - 
trade enquiries, analyse the results of economic and 
market research, prepare reports in French and English, 
help organise visiting trade missions and deputise for 
the Manag e r in his ah«ynrp n 

Candidates, who must be able to communicate 

background and releranrniaikeririg'nTaiket research 
experience. They should be resourceful, imaginative. 

This is a truly challenging role with excellent scope 
for development' r '- 

Sori&£ Generate offers an excellent modem 
working environment and the range of benefits 
normally associated with a leading International Bank, 
including a competitive salary plus bonus, subsidised 
mortgage, non- contributory pension andiee medical 


To apply please write, enclosing full c.v, go 
Mr J.M. Crosby, Staff Manager Soti&6 Generate, 
60 Gracechurch Street, London EC3V OHD. 


’Hie Institute of Metals is a chartered 
Engineering Institition which acts as both 
a professional qualifying-body and as a 
leaned Society in the field of metals and 

THE INSTITUTE OF METALS invites applications for a 
key post in the Education and Training Department 

Applicants must be a Registered Chartered Engineer with an 
appropriate background in Materials Engineering and 
should have spent some time working in industry. 

Duties mil include ; . . V 

Ad vising potential Chartered Engineers* 
Technician Engineers and Engineeiing 
Technicians on the requirements for 
Registration. *-• • 

liaison with industrial concerns and 
academic institutions on the training of 

potential Materials “Engineers and 
Technicians . - 

— Actmg .as Secretary to 
Institute Standing Corn 

to a number of 

Salary according to qualifications and experience, five weeks 
annual holiday* attractive central location. 

Applications giving full details of age, modifications and 
experience, current position and responsibilities should be seat 
to Mr M P Stammers CEag MTM, The Institute of Metals, 
1-Carbon Haase Terrace, London SiVIY 5DB no later than 
20th Jane 1986, marked confidential, '■ 


to £20.000 Dealers 


Our cflent, ■ I 
International Bank, 


International Bank, wishes to appoint 
qualified Accountant ideally with Big 8 

experience seeking to develop a career 
within International Banking, with Initial 
responsibilities. in the audit area, then 
offering progression within 

Our dlent, one of the world's biggest 
. banks, is currently restructuring the 
dealing operation -.and has several 
openings far dealers with a proven track 
record. Opportunities exist for 'spot, 
deposit, corporate and QD dealers. 

Leasing Officer .to £20,000 

Auditors £15-£20,000 

Our... client a rapidly expanding. 
International Bank, requires two 
experienced Auditors to pin their UK 
team, which would involve same 
overseas travel Successful candidates’ 
will be expected to spend 2-3 ^ears in the 
audit function, prior to moving to fine 

A respected European Bank has an. 
opening in the Banking Department fo^a 
. person, ‘probably aged 2530 with some 
.marketing experience following a Credit 
Analysis background, to be responsible 
tor its asset based finance, particularly 

Snr. Credit Analyst 

£14-£1 8,000 

Spot Dealer 


Major European Bank, developing the 

required market presence, seeks, a dealer 
. with at least 2 years from fine experience 
trading major currenc ie s. S ala r y is highly 
negotiable. . 

AnaxpamSng totematfonal Bank currently 
seeks to augment their Credit department 
with. tWo anifiysts in support of its 
marketing offices. Thereto axceUent scope- 
as part grthft professional organteafion for 
■ deyetopmadvAhmCredir Management or 
alumativafy to an Account Officer rote, for 
the right candidate. 


Bank RecnjftmerftGpnsuItHnts 
5ZS9 London Wall, London EC2M5TR Telephone; 01-6284501 


mmknmdcs (UJC) Is i Mttfeat 
dgtribtffoo of grips meipw*»d B 

C tfMre ttWgKGwg w MMida 







Brodennatics (U.KV Limited 


Broofcwy. jkorth CbesiAelbsSm 

EsateJPn»M.Wsnl. : . . 

BtaSGTsdoLOiOT ; 

. ; Th? quality ef Oar jxtxJac** ao<l o*jt «*fTja 
m siM9S0Bpamt,WesR«»r.ibH«. . 
“* fore profcawnat 





Chartered Secretary 

City Merchant Bank 

(Director Designate) 
NORFOLK. £17 - 20*000 

Wc area major dismbutor/whofesaler of garden. DJ V. 
and leisure products in the U.K_ Due to eipanskm an 
opportunity has arisen for a General Manager (Director 
Designate) fix- our East Anglian operation based on the 
outskirts of Norwich. 

This is an exceptional opportunity for a young qualified A.C1S. to join our Group Company 
Secretariat, which services over 75 diverse companies within the UJC and overseas. 

He or she wifi act as an Assistant Company Secretary within the Group Secretariat which 

secretarial and administrative functions. 

Applicants* aged mid/late 20s must have sound company secretarial experience, ideally from 

within a financial environment. 

This is a new appointment providing a real career opportunity for a confident young person with 
the capacity to adapt and develop within our rapidly changing world. 

An attractive salary package wifi be negotiable and benefits will include a subsidised mortgage. 
BUEA. non-contributory pension and free life assurance 
Suitably qualified applicants should write in the first instance enclosing a frill curriculum vitae to>- 
Vme Rutterton Limited, 152/3 Fleet Street, London EC4A 2DH. 

Key tasks for (he successful applicant twill be the co- 
onUrutKHi of (be management team and the 
formulation and implementation of plans to ensure the 
continuation of profitable growth. 

The candidate ideally 30/45, preferably a graduate, 
should have held a management ora senior position in 
the horticultural or D.I.Y. sectors. He/she should be 
able to show whh confidence that be/she has played a 
major role in (he running of a profitable enterprise. 
Salary negotiable with benefit package designed to 
match those currently eqjoyca by the successful 

Applications, including a full c.v. should be forwarded 
in confidence ux- 

Fmanria) Director 

Gibbs- Palmer (Holdings) Ltd. 
Haveringkand. Norwich. NR 10 4PR 



Kleinwort Benson Group 

of your career ladder? We have plenty of 
opportunities for the young graduate (or graduate 
type) who wishes to use (heir lively enthusiastic 
personality to sell advertising space. Top London 
publishing companies will give you first class training, 
excellent promotional prospects and a salary of over 
a £101000 pa. If 20-25 years, call 

OXUU pa. it 20-25 years, call 
Fiona Middy or Racbefle Tanmtan 
and convince ns now on 

Win over £ 13,000 p.a. 


01-439 9634 

Carreras Lathane Associates 

(Roc Coos.) 

Professional Guidance and 
Assessm en t tor til ages. 

15-2* p s Causes. Covers 
25-34 ync Progress. Chagas , 
35-54*5: Rate*. ad Careers | 

We are searching to find the six most persuasive 
people in London. Applications 
are restricted to people who are aged between 18 
and 30, who can throw 

themselves into an interesting job for a few years, 
who like to work hard 

and play hard (long holidays), who can type a little 
and who are good 
at talking to people. 

ftfl Mafia in free tractor* 


90 SaurcsW Place WT 

01-935 5*52 (24 ta) 

TO EARN £25.000+ p.a. 

Comhill Publications would like to talk to 
articulate, positive communicators capable of 
woriemg on a range of prestige publications from 
our Covent Garden office. 

Call David Conway or Ben Crocker on 
01-240 1515 

Entrants should ring in and put their case on 
588 3535 or leave a message on 434 4512 before 
5pm on Tuesday, 10th June. 


Crone Corkill 

The Museums and Galleries Commission has a vacancy 
in a amall team adminis tering the arrangements for museums 
and galleries to receive objects and works of art in settlement of 
Capital Transfer Tax, and a Government Scheme whereby mu- 
seums and galleries throughout the UK rom undertake Inane and 
wbihHimw without commercial insurance. 


The successful applicant is likely to be aged between 25 and 55 
with a sound academic background to at least GCE ‘A’ level 
standard, a wide knowledge of museums and galWipm and practi- 
cal experience of public sector administration. 

£10,261 - £12.630 

(including Inner London Weighting) Under Review 

Benefits include a nan-contributory pension scheme. 


With knowle d ge of intern a tio nal current affairs 
and committee procedure required for world 
wide womens organisation. 



Application form and further details 
available from: 

Salary -approx £9£00 pa. AAR 

Please send cv marke d PRIV ATE to the Gen- 
eral Secretary, ACWW Vincent House, 
Vincent Square, L ondon SW1P 2NB, 

The National Association of Retail Furnishers 
needs a Researcher to cany out a study into the . 
future naming requirements of the trade. 
Applicants should be capable of research and 
convincing report writing and have knowledge 
of the retail and/or famishing trades. Knowledge 
of current and future training schemes would be 
an advantage. 

Miss Jane Harvey 
Museums and Galleries Commission 
2 Carlton Gardens 

Charity Advertising 

Salary £10,000 for initial 12 month contract 

For more details write or telephone: 
Executive Administrator, NA-R-F-, 

(Telephone 01 930 5808) 

Closing date: Wednesday 27 June 1986 

need two people to join a well established 
team seffing apace in high prestige publica- 
tions to congenial Fulham offices. Essential 
quafities todude an unfailingly courteous 
telephone manner and financial ambition. 
Experience prefered but not essentiaL 

Georee Street, Croydon, 
H9 110. Tel: 01-680 84 

U, Surrey, 



Telephone 01 581 1597. 




Assistant Secretary 

A finu commtanere to dnolop 

Considering a change 
of career? 

American Financial Magazine seeks dynamic 
sales person to join its growing International 
sales team In London- 

ynr anm. Hat's «M AM 
urtar is curanUy oHamg to 
man and woman wto are 
equty common) to success. 
Last year alone we spent over 
E3 mfflkn an taming pro- 
vammes tor our foies 

Associate (2H5) and maiyol 

mem went on b reap fee 

we are an equal opportun tes 
Group. AppOcattas ore wel- 
come regsdfess of sex. mantat 
status, ettmc origin or 

For an mrwvtew or futtor de- 
trts cad Peter Ffidords on B1- 
637 7200 London and Home 

A HIGH INOOM& Yon mil caro over £t2JW0ia job? 

firsr year wniiB*tf>T)urnecJibe basic targes. Out benw 
oonsutuom earn over riOtPOO (va. 

SECURITY; Working far « £4 bdfion ftuuidti services 
poop, yw will be an a regulated earnings scheme pf £7 .000 
fnegSiabte) and b««3 inUWDON. 

Ifyoa are aged 22-35, posajvt, hard »cricing and wefi 

University degree and proficiency to Japanese 
and one other European language reauired. 

Previous sales experience preferred- Knowl- 
edge of finance helpful. 

Ter rttort Ues to Include Japan plus several Eu- 
ropean countries. 

01-830 2848 

Excellent salary plus bonus. 

Please ring: 01 - 379 7511 

Applications are invited for the above post 
which will fen vacant in August foflowing the 
resignation of the present holder to take up a 
senior academic appointment The appointee 
will be responsible to and assist the Secretary 
in the work of the Trust In addition to adminis- 
trative experience and ability to organise 
meetings and prepare briefs, applicants w/R be 

expected to have experience, knowledge and s 
keen interest in the National Health Service. 

Salary wffl be related to age and experience. 
Further particulars may be obtained from the 
Secretary, 3 Prince Albert Road, London NW1 
7SP to whom applications (including a fufl 
curriculum vitae) should be addressed by 18th 
July, 1986. 


ig its 
cr of 

r2p to 
cd its 
:nt to 
i Ben- 
acti ng 
PV at 

a total 
ires, or 


( office 
( is es- 
nil I ion. 
R RE- 
73p for 
p. This 
rim re- 
ip and a 
:riod to 

. 1986. 
i (£6.58 
er share 
i). The 
and it 
rop and 
-year to 
i mover 
.oss be- 

p into 

/ 8256 



n tried 

.499 ex 

A Hit aoeetreful md SAoqmentic wmtabop wfao de*Sp mod 
ram to mmninrio n md restore KjghtwmUi Century gihwood 
Ibmititre re* Lootiog 6or ■omebody to amre tbek beames end 
cretime to repred Uwtr diera. bore wftb ptrreto cfiresU, tetreire 
dangnen and arclntect* and to cqilore new rerekato in sot thm 
■ week. More hare dreijnred eotoor kdmi mod borinere bred. 
PR md rnertotfag npreirere md idregy i mo w l edfl i of rexln- 
tectorsd detaS and omSBOMd. 

Haag Amo C awin m re CD M mdre^na 01-8TO TP4T 

or write to Cirrus md Gflc tai , 

9 daotediosre Wbifea, Mtondre St, Imirina SW18- 


Young Accountants . . . How much are you worth? 





An exciting career 
is open to individ- 
uals ( 22 +) who are 
single minded and 
interested in their 
own future. This is 
| an opportunity to 
! earn over £15.000 
p.a. and earn shares 
in a nationwide 




A major forematfcMal 
service orgastcaoon based 
is . Central London ro- 

a b rig h t alert gro- 
whh formal work 
who s capable 

Please caD 
Miss Douglas-Scott 
. 01-439 8431 

pham&g to a w moving 
people orientated eavi- 
romuenL This position 
wffl appeal to Awe who 
are analytical thinkers, 
ape good congirnninioft 
and who like people and 
pressure. Age 23-30 
years. Excellent benefits 
and working coaliiions. 

Salaries for newly qualified ACAs and ACMAs can range from 
£15,000 to £35,000. You may have wondered how much you could 
reasonably command on the open market or even whether you are 
being fairly remunerated in your current position. As a young and 
progressive recruitment consultancy specialising in the newly 
qualified area of the market we are able to provide you with a free 
and confidential assessment of your worth, given your experience 
and area of interest Informed and independent career guidance is 
also freely available. 



j for 





; RecrritmantConsahanb 
130 Regan Sum, London Wl 

Simply complete and return the coupon below (or phone Eileen 
Davis on 01-930 7850) and we will send you a brief questionaire. 
Upon receipt of this we will contact you with an estimate of your 
current market rate. 

■in and may 

j Raonred lor Branding West 
End firotaage. Ttosuocasste 
wjtram win aged &+ and 
o ant opsaano. No ixwi- 
ous 'ageflttce messy as 
hi haiinQ nfi be pust for a 
amfetera interview caO R 
Rayburn on 





01-629 8670 

Covcst -OanHn mum 
pvt-tmw HaHUm/Mu* enjoy 
' dreU o wati PMgto.-aHt baa 
Mia nwhii w, Fl e tae Ting 
gistmepB - 

Required for Public. 
School, S.E. En- 
gland. Apply 
A.S.A.P. giving 
brief details, arid a 
telephone number 
i to BOX A09 . 

Robert Walters Associates 

Recruitment Consultants 

66-68 Haymarket, London SW1Y4RF 
Telephone: 01-930 7850 

Home telephone.. 

| Please send me an " 
^assessment questionaire U 


!m= w w » 


'il » J # 




MhTi H 

VnJ.-.M ^ »*a3r 



125 High Hotbom London WC1V 6QA Selection Consultants 01-405 3499 


125 Hiah Holborn London WC1V6QA ^ Selection Consultants 01-40 d 3*99 

Finance Director 


A London based chain of high fashion 
menswear shops is undergoing a period 
of dynamic change, and seeks an 
energetic financial director (designate) 
to contribute to future growth. 

\bu win be responsible tor the finance 
and administration function, which 
includes all statutory reporting, 
management accounting. DP including 
the Company’s fully integrated 
EPOS System, and company secretarial 

This is an ideal opportunity tor a 
Qualified Accountant late 20’s to early 
30's, to play a leading role in a small 
professional team.\bu should have at 
least3 years post-qualifying experience 
in a managerial role, which has involved 

computerised accounting systems and 
have an understanding of the retail 

A“shirt-sleevecf approach is essential, 
as is the abityto integrate into a small team. 

An attractive, results linked 
remuneration package will include a 
bonus, contributory pension scheme, 
health insurance and staff discount 

Please apply endosinga toll CVand 
quoting reference MCS/5063 to: 

Barrie Whitaker 
Executive Selection Division 
Price Waterhouse 
Management Consultants 
Nal London Bridge 
London SE19QL 

Brice Jfhterkouse 4§ 


“Where will you be on October 27th?” 

ACA’s 25-32 20-30K+Bene£Hs 

Due to the coming deregulation and to a growing awareness of 
their worth, many of our financial services diente are looking for 
computer a u d it ors. Our clients are many, your opportunities various. 

After an initial two years or so in computer audit, career 
opportunities with our diente can develop into a longer term audit 
career; a move into more general finanra management, a transfer to in- 
house consultancy or possibly corporate finance 

Ca n di d a te s (male or female), recently qualified, working in public 
practice or commerce, should have expertise in computer audit, data 
security, risk management or quality assurance. 

If you would Hke an initial meeting to discuss these opportunities, 
please contact George Ozznxod BA (Oocon) or Malcolm Edgell FCA 
on 01-836 9501, or write, with your GY, to our London address, 
quoting reference number 6808. 

410 Strand, London WC2R 0NS. 

Tel: 01-836 9501 



Douglas UamfateAssodatas Unfad 1 
Aaxxaecaicy&Mtmgement ' 

r Corporate Finance I 

Executives | 

City £18 -22,000 + benefits 

The unprecedented level of Corporate Finance activity in the City has created die 
demand for high calibre accountants and lawyers who ate seeking a challenging 

Our clients include Merchant Banks, investment Banks and Stockbrokers who are 
active in; 

■ Mergers and Acquisitions 

■ USM and FuD listings 

■ Platings 

■ Management Buyouts 

■ Corporate Advisory Work 

Candidates will be between 25 -28, and will have an excellent academic record as well 
as strong interpersonal skills and complete commitment to succeed in a commercial 

To arrange an initial meeting to discuss these opportunities, please contact Victoria 
Ward Krickic or Lindsay Sugden ACA on 01-404 5751 (evenings and weekends 
01-789 2295), or write to them at 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH. 

Michael Rage City 

International Recruitment Consultants— London Brussels New\fork Sydney 
_____ AmemberoftheAddisoDRagePLCgroiBj 




Hall-Mark is the only ap pointments register which 1 

s pecialises solely in Accountants and Financial Managers. 
We have a constant demand from oar cheats throaghout 
the U. K —some <rf them the best known pames in the 
country — for young, talented, ambitious accountants. 
The positions are rarely advertised and consequently if you 
are not on the rqpster you can’t be considered for them. 

What do you have to do? Very Bale. Just complete ^ 

and return the coupon and veil send yon 
a rWaiWi and mnfirimtbil farm ami as 


(FT AUGUST, 1984) 

This was simply one of the accolades Sun Life Unit Services, then an 
associate company of Sun life, received in August when it was announced 
that they were to be bought by the Sun life Group. 


(TIMES APRIL, 1986) 

‘ less than 8 of Sun Life’s 1 1 funds are in the top 10 in their sector. 
The best performing fund. Sun life Japan Growth shows a 93% rise 

over 10 months.* 

Do you want to share in this success? Are you interested in working 
with this exciting company in the finan cial services field? Opportuni- 
ties exist throughout the UK, possible earnings exceed £30,000 p-a. 


RING IAN KIRKWOOD ON 01 242 2222. 

soon as you send it back you go straight onto the register. 
That’s it. 

Hall-Mark Appointments Register, London House, 
271-273 King Street, London W69LZ.T& 01-741 8011/ 
Ql-748 3444 (24 hrs). Prestd 013903873. 





Horsham, W. Sussex 




APPLIED MATERIALS — IkRANT DIVISION is OieLLK.dMBDnofaleadlngUS.kidependertrrmdadur^ofwtfBr 
we are now h fuO production of a new and revolutionary Ion anqpiantatian system for use in the manufacture of sicon 


The position reports to the financial COntroBer w&i responsfcfiy far- ★fttplemertafion and development of a 
computerised standard costing system. -Arlrvcleplhmaragemenl reporting to kxaiandcorporaeseriormariagemert 
■^Preparation of delated monthly roing forecasts ★Active participation in annual operating/planniig and bucketing 
pnxaciures. All arras of resporsb%viidinvolvaextBnsivejBiEonw8h non- frandal management 


Ouaffied/Passad Finest with aqaerience in costing and management repotting within a manufacturing environment 
Preference wflbegiven to candidates w*h a background in higWech. electronics or engireerfag. . 

CandkJates must possess first class technical skBs anti the requisite personality and communicative abffly to feise 
eifedivefy & aH tavete tiroughout the company. 


As part o( a successful wrkfwideorgarisation. we recogni se 8 ra t quaS^r people are our mod lnportantresotgce.Wa 
encourage and st^port career development tor the person who fe enthusiastic, shows Htiathe, arid gets results. 
Excefert prospects exist for advancement into financial management 

For further information please write enclosing MI C.V., or cafl ALEX STEEUE as consuBant to the company. 

Gabriel Duffy Consultancy, S e l ecti on Consultants, 130A. Western Road, Brighton. East Sussex BNt 2LA 
Telephone: (0273) 29822 

crertihg TimmSTECWDiOGy 



Fox & Sons Ltd are residential and commercial estate agents, surveyors and valuers 
operating throughout Central and Southern Rwgfawd 

Royal Life has a 25% interest in the group which intends to contmue its rapid expansion 
by acquisition and merger, with a view to a possible listing on the Stock Exchange. 

The Fi n ancial Controller will be responsible to the Board of the holding company, and is 
required to take overall control of the finance function. Tn addition to the normal duties 
associated with the role, the candidate wiD be* expected to participate in the further 
development of the group’s expansion plans. He is unlikely to be aged under 35 and will be 
a Chartered Accountant with experience of multi-branch accounting, computerised man- 
agement information techniques and treasury management. Success in carrying out. these 
duties is Kkely to lead to the position of Group -Finance Director. 

Apart from an initial basic salary of e. £25,000 the remuneration package will reflect the 
seniority of the position to include share option scheme, pension and life assurance and a 
company car. 

Interested applicants should write, including CV with salary histoxg^nd daytime telephone 
number, quoting reference TT125 to: 


PO Box 4SR, One Hanover Sonare. London W1A-4SH. 

MM Smrej Kcaffli AetHrfty 

£5,6 44 - £8,612 

ExoeBent opportunity for young person Interested 
in accountancy with ambition to reach senior man- 
agement level In Hie NHS. 

The post offers assistance with study for • profes- 
sional quaBficalion and irairting in a edda range of 
ffrance cfistipNnes.- 

Requirements: good ‘A‘ level passes or degree. 
Single a ccommodation may be avatebte. 

For farther delalt contact fhe Finance Depart- . 
reant, Vast Park Hospital, Epsom, Sony. 
(Epsom 27811, extn 372) 


with turnover in excess of £10M reqnir e s 
Internal Accountant Salary in excess on 
£15,000 pa according to experience. Please 
contact, with full CV, Mr Richard Mcssik, 
Bellman Messik & Co , 8 Beotmck Street 
London WIM fiRI. . . 

Telephone 01-487 5381 


£ 14,000 

Leafing C8y Bartend Ac- 
coutint reqmres qoai or pat 
qua hr Upminster practice. 
HanMng Bade p reseaala a , 
deafing triBi mqor Cuporstss. 
Age oimL 01-626 0498. 
Ecco Rbc Cons 



and other FEM. CAD ooe- 
saUng pennons open 
im med ied y in Europe. 
Circa mjm to £32jS» 
per year. 

Send your CV. alto; D. 

Anto-Zemer Engr- 
A/S Wakkmar 



Are you bored? Why 
not join a firm of law- 
yers and obtain a dual 
qualification that will 
pay you for fife? Write 
with CV to Box 975. 
c/o St James’s House. 
4/7 Red Lion . Court. 
Rest Street. London 
EC4A 3EB. 



[rf.j A A ij :l 

(Terrextos dt 
Goll en 
San Nartia, 

The abone SnrtStathai it 
in the process, of ex- 
changing share 
certificates, and share- 
hoMenr an requested to 
contact Mr rrederico 
Zonaquin. President. 
Comentes 415, (1043) 
Buenos Aires, Ame nBia ,. 
or Ddoitte Hafea- fc 
Sells, Auditors, 

SannieDto 024, (1041} 
Boenoa Airss, Aigeuti&a. 
TUot Na 22789. 

mm m 

sales & 





B your degree has been maurad 
try 2+ yean c oo mmr cal k- 
cneang V nles emarte me , 
no* b Oe me to ttkeadimape 

SALE. te aOnB la a irnkg 


r - 1 * ' • ‘ «i L -r 




« - £3,612 

i •• - 

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ts ' 

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Uf »!%> * 


Purely a matter of course 

Frequently managers 
do not have enough 
free time to attend 
training courses. 
Beryl Dixon examines 
some of the ways 
to beat the problem 

“Incredibly few British: managers have 
any form of training. Too many struggle 
along, learning as they go. Most fed they 
can’t spare the lime for courses. But this 
cow* is ideal for someone, iij that 
position.” These jure the words of 
Richard Horton, a managing director, 
who refers to a recent course in ‘open’ or' 
'distance' management training which he 
has just attended. 

Companies do use. management 
courses and business schools — but what 
are the alternatives for managers who 

cannot be spared from their jobs? 

Correspondence courses? Yes — gener- 
ations have obtained qualifications in 
this manner, but- it is a -lonely way to 
study and- requires great self-discipline. 
Evening classes? They do a very good job 
for large numbers of people, but many 
managers .cannot afford ihecommilment 
on the same evening every week. 

Distance learning involves managers 
studying by themselves in their own time 
— good news from the company’s point 
of view as it costs a fraction of the price 
of residential courses. So for, that sounds 
remarkably like correspondence courses. 
But providers of open learning have ■ 
come up- with a multi-media tuition 
package of traditional printed material 
combined with audio and video tapes 
and computer software. 

The two pioneers and innovators of u 
open learning for all, are the Open. 

University and the intemationaHy re- their ‘ own staff- development 
nown. management college — Henley. programmes.- 
The OlT s Open Business School was. R*es are cost conscious, ranging from 
established in 1983 and has registered £270 to £495 per annse^ Each of the 
over seven thousand students from Open Business School's courses - enn be 
companies as diverse as Whnpey, Laura taken separately or as modules, building 
Ashley, Ferranti, Tire Publishers’ Associ- up to the OU Diploma-in Manag ement, 
ation and the 'Foreign Office. Course Future plans include the provision of an 

; t: — 7- MBA. • • • 

One solution for the busy “ Henley Management College has been 

running courses since 1948 and is a 

executive with no tune Spare centre, used by. companies worldwide. 

Recognizing the need to provide courses 

titles include: “The Effective Manager”, for those “key persdnnel who cannot be 
"Accounting and. : -Finance for spared from their companies” this 
Managers”, “Marketing in Action”, college launched a series of dicta my 

‘international Marketing'’, “’Managing learning courses in ! 983. 

People” and “Selection Interviewing”. Courses av ailab le are: The Effective 
Some are designed to last 10 weeks and Manager- Manag in g for Results, Market- 

some 26- _ 

ing for Managers, Information Manage- 

“Designed” is the operative word, ment and Acco unting for Managers/and 
since students set the work pace: The there is also the New Henley Manage- 
School suggests, for instance, that the ment Course. This is designed to take 
“Effective Manager” courseshould take between seven and 24 months, and is 
about 2 10 hours of study spread over 20 divided into four modules, each indud- 
or 26 weeks. This will include time spent ing a one week residential course at the 
on written assignments. ■ college, and costs £300. Optional assign- 

Students receive a pack of workbooks, ments are available, lading to the 
cassettes and exercises, and for those Henley Management Diploma, 
unable to watch the television pro- A “personal learning plan” is worked 
gramme there is tire option to borrow out for all students and agreed with their 
video cassettes. Most courses have two employers. Students then receive a 
starting dales each year anti are designed, tuition package consisting of video and 
to follow in the recommended way — . audiotapes, workbooks and exercises, 
namely putting in a certain number of Richard Horton of Accord Pubhca- 
hours a week and attending tutorials and tions. has recently completed Henley's 
residential weekends: There is also New Management Course. So has Rich- 
ilexibiliiy for companies to purchase the aid Barraclough, assistant group secre- 
raaterials and .incorporate them into tary of George Wimpey PLC, and 

Graham Winter, southern regional man- 
ager of F W Woolworth. 

Graham Winter has spent all his 
working life with Woolwonh, alter 
joining as an A level trainee, but he 
wanted to broaden his base. No stranger 
to home study, having taken IPM and 
Institute of Marketing qualifications by 
correspondence course, he drew up a 
study plan, and adhered to it — but with 
difficulty after a long day. He found the 
course useful, the residential modules 
particularly so, gaining from tire syndi- 
cate work with other people. The tutors ‘ 
he found widely experienced and willing 
to provide as much personal contact as 
he required. 

Richard Barraclough : is a business 
studies graduate and a chartered secre- 
tary. He particularly wanted a course in 
general management that would fiil the 
- gaps in his own knowledge. He had for 
example, a need to know more about 
financial accounting. Having just been 
promoted to his present post, he simply 
could not find the time for a full-time 
course. He, too, points out that it is not 
easy to find time for home study, but 
says he gained the skills be wanted. Like 
Graham Winter, he stresses the value of 
the residential modules - “It’s the 
interaction between people, especially 
from other companies, that maiw them 
so effective.” 

One must not make too many claims 
for distance learning. It still requires 
commitment and self-discipline. Bui tire 
combination of methods does help to 
maintain interest. Students who cannot 
relate to audio cassettes may respond 
well to video, and most agree that having 
concepts reinforced by audio visual and 
written methods is effective. 

A personal work schedule is 
devised for each participant 

The Ing plus factor in the Henley and 
OU courses is the provision of personal 
contact The Business School builds on 
the Open University's tested system of 
tutorials and residential weekends. Each 
student is also given the telephone 
number of a personal tutor. Both 
Richard Barraclough and Graham Win- 
ter stress that the chance to meet and 
discuss with other students was one of 
the most valuable elements of their 

Open learning certainly seems to be 
the coming thing. The two institutions 
mentioned are by no means the only 
providers. Others include polytechnic 
and university business schools, and the 
Business and Technician Education 
Council has just announced an open . 
learning initiative "Update for 

• For a fact sheet on open and distance 
learning, send an A4. self-sealing SAE to 
Special Reports (Open Learning). The 
Times, 1 Pennington Street, London El 
9BD. - .. .. 


je > \ \ 3* 


Accountant with 
commercial acumen 
-to £18,000 

Join us for another year of yachting & 
racing, dining & dancing, films & videos, 
gaming & golfing. 

The Brent Walker Group are 2 highly 
acclaimed entrepreneurial group of 
companies with a proven trad record in 
identifying and exploiting trends in the leisure 
and entertamrnent fields. 

They are now seeking to recruit a Divisional 
Accountant with responsibility for the 
preparation of both annual and quarterly 
Financial Accounts, in addition to reviewing 
Management Accounts prior to directorship 
distribution. At all times, working to strict 
reporting deadlines you’ll need the ability to 
“think on your feet”. 

The ideal candidate wiH have “post- 
qualification* experience or alternatively be a 
■finalist' with expertise gained in a 
commercial environment. 

You must possess the flexibility and 
confidence to significantly contribute to this 
dynamic and expanding organisation as wed 
as being able to demonstrate your broad 
financial experience and commercial flair. 

If you would like further details, calf Claire 
Roberts on 01-225 0844 (ansaphone facilities 
after 7.00pm), or evenings and weekends on 
01-289 9952. 

Alternatively, write enclosing a C.V. to the 
lnbucon address below. 

Director’s Secretary 

Atapflight secretary ever 25 with 
experience in the shipping irahstty is 
required by aprogressve international 


This is an extremely demanding position 
tequiimgc nniaiteqhled«riirahnii 
involving wurfcmg on own initiative and 

thg nnilynf wn rlcinj 

entrepreoeuriainair. Some travel wfll also 
be involved and woriring outside normal 
hoars including the occasional weekend 

n»vHng wrty path»r nitffhpIrt firfTMagg 

and four weeks lease, is bemgouered by 
UriscnmpMy wh ich fc frusrrf in thft 
picaresque county of Suffolk. 

Please sml comprehensive CV and list 
any company yon do not wish your name 
to be forwarded to. Applications are 
treated in strict c on fi dcocc. 
teraftment nrufoinn 



lnbucon Management Consultants Limited. 

Knighlsbridge House. 197 Kniehtsbridge. London SW7 I RN. 

Uaojon.8tfua :e*rerwaa.0uj9».Le«&ftlancn«£tc< 

! !■ /» ' ■ a s Kawi Dtom LtfAn;eie&*ie*V(ini.&ng2Kjie.HongKon9 






A leading international ofl company requires an 
efficient secretary in their London office to work 
in ita planning department Applicants must be 
able to use a word processor, and possess short- 
hand and general secretarial skills. An interest in 
world affairs together with a foreign language 
would be a definite advantage but are not eseen- 
tiaLThia vacancy can lead to good opportunities 
for personal development and future prospects 
for the right candidate. There is a co m p etitive 


required for Director of active Property PLC. 
9 JfKLOOpm daily. Experience and maturity 
essential. Pleasant Mayfair offices. Salary to 
£7,000 pa for right person. 

Telephone 493 6441 reference JD. 



icqiniad to work with 3 
others in busy architect* 
office in Sooth Kensing- 
ton- Fast accurate typing 
essential, knowledge or 
WP would be an aavan- 
PfeaM, wr it e with 

Biwee, Michael Haitink 
Associates, 7 Crom well | 
Place, London SW7 2JN. ; 
Telephone 01-581 8835. 


pjunr in KnsMUM RcouUv* 
cmrveUr fengM. InttviduU H 
work IBM oonwQBto eanwoter 
doing sates and marketing 
adnnnMratan/WOing is 

friendly bray office. Mon be 
tod and accmRScad CV to 
Mrs P Shower* *6 Kcfco Race. 
London W9 r ■ 

WKCMTMrwt experienced 
Wdh good SMBs w went tor.«- 
rcuUvr of a muilc company. 
Knowledge of ton an advan- 
tage. A»o good tel ephone 
manner iibimiw. Saary 

CXS.O0O * tanefttx BM W * 
peaeey a> RPI. on 01-S98 6722 
Bee com. - • - • 

Outgoing well spoken 
and well presented PA 
needed for Chairman of 
International Publishing 
M agaz i n e , and Theatre 
group. Small amount of 
typing, no shorthand. 
Please phone 01-439 



£7,000 ++ 

A tirnoao prtcnw netok 
company in P*& Mall need* ■ 
recent coBeg* leaver to team 
tbe rape* a* a nap ti nda in 
line gp l mdi d offices. There 
vfflbesemchboard work and* 
tittle typing *m well aa mating 
important visitors. Benefit* 
indude 5 ««kr holiday and 

to now rafiaoM area 

Cn^mmn requires PA. 
120 wb« sherOtand bmbiU. 

Age se . 48. now ctocouni OU 
ctouics. Baaed in Wi. 493 as76 
Data BL Bee Cons. 

*CWT«r cCSjOOO MeaBv 
stow 19 + with wp oats (or 
Manager of luxurious Heed Of- 
flee Show room. Tavistock 
Aon*. 01 836 6886. 

■CttMNTUU. LETTWC8 Recep- 
UOUhL Owing to MSMSMI 
mb»w firm of CharSered Sur- 
wop wtsbefr to nn tor above 
po*Uon m nieir Kniahnandae 
eflUca. No prwtous experience 
required but must be emhostas- 
Uc and hard weridng. Wrilo 
with CV to Mr* J. Rudnay. 
KeiOl Canute Groves. 43 North 
AUdtev Street, london Wl 


City £18,000 + car + mort 

Our client, a MAJOR US BANK, is seeking a NEWLY 
QUALIFIED accountant *to join its expanding business 
information division. Key areas of responsibility will include: 

• Co-ordinating business plans 

• Developing accounting and marketing policy fur new products 

• Uaiaing with business managers 

Success will ensure promotion to Business Information Manager 
within 12 months. Strong communicators with an innovative 
approach and drive to reach senior executive level within the 
rapidly changing finpnrp sector should apply. For further 
information call ANNIE HEAiri quoting Ref: 2254. 

Tel: 01-242 6321 

P eCTo nnd R pu n n rM * 7S Rray'B Inn Road Londwi WC1X8US 






Sought for the Deputy Director of Age Con- 
cern England. 

This is a key position offering varied work and 
requiring organisational ability. 

Salary in range £8.138 to £9,68S pa; 4 weeks 
holiday & 5 additional days; contributory pen- 
sion scheme. 

For application form and further information 
please contact 

Personnel Department 
JR Age Concern England 

/If l 60 Pitcairn Road 

A lir. . MITCHAM, 

- Jrlfi V* SURREY 

CR4 3LL. 

- Tel 01-640 5431 


£10,000 NEG. 

Variety ■ the «pkr oftifc and this job coi^nly oflera Uhl 

Our dienl . tw yoanc buotowmen with very di ff or m t 
iuleivtoB. need ■ nip level rec/PA vrilh exceOml oecretariat 
«wu (S/T + audio) in addition u> poiie. diannand renfi- 
ifaii ctoPfuun icatioo 

Baaed in an ek«*nl Phebea abowrooni you wifl be required 
on lire — Kiml to liaise vriih dnpen their VIP 
dnto and on the other to deni with the highly confldeu- 
tialmnfe iimiivKl in adminirijaU)i|;a hip: cououy efUie. 
Trieptxme 01-499 6566. 




LYNDHUWT «D S bed oentoouae 
mtosonelle. Ulole japed 3SF 
wunoe. cal. amMr parktog. 
J. 100,000 I/IL 01 436 0642. 

UNDER £50.000 
- SW17 

LaiBC attractive sunny per- 
pure built Sal, 3 bedrooms. 2 
receptions, fctichm. haih- 
naom. garden, new roof; 
rewired. CCH. 


01-672 8312. 

PA TO yiat 

SUFEXB WOOCXM 2 room apan 
avail dose R««aib Park. £220 
pw. tor unwr. Ol 936 9066. 

VnCKTORD 40 nuns Uwurpool 
Si. Impostng Orargian stole Hae 
a DMe beds. 3 WW W. Kit. 
battirm. shows- nn. utility. Gas 
CM. me work- 

shop. I acre marurr aardens. 

£ 1 50.000. Tel: 1 03744) 66070 

TUSCAMT. Lucra Prov. Beautiful 
views. VOJagr house: 2 bnlnns. 
baihrm. wl tounoe. lerrace. 
CM.Mus2rmslo convert tarn, 
oarage, land. £48.000 Farm 
house' 8 rms. tarn, targe fenced 
grounds. £55.000. Experienced 
Angto-llallan couple cm help 
wun all (onuauues. Marion 
lacapucd. 010 39 683 07505. 


£11,000 + CAR + BENEFITS 

Senior Partners of exp andi n g Structural Consultancy 
based in South Kensington require a Personal Assistant 
with excellent secretarial and administrative skills. A 
flair for organising, diplomacy, determination, devotion 
and a sense of humour are essential ingredients to be- 
come one of our youbg and enthusiastic team. Duties 
will include general administration with some client 
contact. Age range 25 - 50. 

Salary £11.000 + car and other benefits including pri- 
vate health care and pension scheme. 

Please apply in your own band writing to 

John Bontaa ai Cameron Taylor Partners, 

2 Cromwell Place, London SW7 2JE. 

SPECIAL announcement ; 

A new unique service to 
our readers and advertisers. 

Milfanl ECv OOO. Enthustortlc 
wnlor Sec wtm a Bnte'worii «*■ 

pen me*, ana ao+ a w ns. » 
loin private am»uita«KV. Plemf 
tend your C V. to Annie WB- 
mum. Direction RrcrulUiieoL 
14 South Motion Street Wl. 

Dheder ba*ed fa Wl Ibr a 
iota) of 30 boon per week, 
wfcflo ha sec retar y woo ma- 
temiiy hnulkt tamdul 
ippfimoi mat have aocurste 
lyptog/danrilMnd. aril aUEiy 
to npenre a W or d Puma v 
would be. an amL FW 
rend C:V. w JUp, S. 
Hutehimo, : 150/162 

Bkiwr* Hoad, London W2 



for the 


Researcb/Editorial Assistant ■ 

Marketing and Statistics Department. 

Somrtw’sjs mmtfng for a numerate researeh/edtorU 
assistant wtmaraHWetypfng/shortnftnd and good admln- 
tstraOw steals. prefotfMy wtm a hadegroond iu acmunto. 

Dubes tocto&e wortUng on stadsOcai schedules, rnonftortng 
departmental sates reams and preparing resaarrii material 
for pututcaDofL Applicants IWB* «»e ab*e to work aflarnoona 
or ndl tune Tuesday to TTttffsday. Starting wdaor £4^00 - 
£5^00 according to ooeriavee. 

Please ring Miss Kdsifid in the first instance, 
■01-493 7277. 

Vou can now phone in your advertisement to us any Saturday 
morning, from 9JO a.m. to 1.00 p.m. 

This is a unique new service for ail classified advertisers in 
The Times and Sunday Times — and it costs no extra. 

T6>book your advertisement phone 01—481 4000. 





Top PA required for the London based Chair- 
man of au International Holiday and Leisure 
group of companies. 

Your secretarial skills will be complemented 
by sound office experience in a similar 

Excellent salary and opportunities for the right 


Miss Coutts 01-349 3151 
for further details 

c. £9,000 p.a. 

Aa a major Weal End baaed expanding Financial Broker we 
require a smart and efficient PA f25 - 35) capable of working 
under pressure and using initiative. The successful candi- 
date must possess good audio typing skills and some WP 
experience. Become one of our young and enthusiastic team 
working in stylish sumuimfingB. 

For further details contact Simon Tyler on 
01-930 7242. 

Chase De Vere (Pall Mall) 

126 Pall Mall 
London SWlY SEA 

TO £12,000 

A way re<v>onsible, invoking 
position for PA / sec. 28-35, 
with good shorthand and typ- 
ing skills, senior level 
background, some recruiting 
and admin experience, assist- 
ing group MD of 


Why take just any 
temporary secretariat 
job when you could 
work in TELEVISION, 

Wb have lots of 
vacancies and otter 
oxoefem tales -and 
what's mors wb pay you 
in the same waakf 

Why not callus 
today on 91-489 6566 
or 01-493 8383 


iniernauonal Co, City. A n- 

miriol WftfWBffiil hj.jn fl.l_ 

XMantstioo very import* nt_ 
Pbone 734 3768 or 437 847E 

138 Oxford St for Coos. 



BE6M MONDAY. Advertising. 
Current Affairs. PubUsnmg and 
cnariiv Boohingv - uipotv of 
well Hid uiemih» work for 
ifte summer al Covenf Garden 
Durnau. lionrtisi .EC4. 333 


Over 1-4 Biffiou trf &e 
BD$t affinent people fa the 
eoni&yjeail the cfasafial 
cotemnsof The Times. Tbe 
foDowfr^ categories appear 
;ieptiBly-every week, and 
an gBwraQjr hcoaqoufad 

Use the coe®M (rightX 
and find (Arifrow easy, fast 
and ecowmncal ft & to adver- 
tise faTfce Times Classified. 

MONDAY Fdacarinw Univer- WEDNESDAY La Ciisc dr b 

tity Appofmments, Prep. & Public OriaretSficretarial/R^appo ui tnic n is 
School ApporatiiKiHS. Educational ovcr£7J00. Gaiera) secretarial. 
Couracs^cbotarship5£FdkH«hips. Praperiy; Residential , Commercial. 
Lx Crime deb Creme; Town & Country, Overseas, Rentals. 

TUESDAY emptier Hadrons: ‘ 

a comprehensive guide lo the THURSDAY General Appaint- 

computer market ■eatsChicfExeeuiives.Mflnagins 

LettiApotiutorts: Solicitors. Directors, Directors. Sales and 

Conanerciai Lawyers, Legal Marketing Executivesand Overseas 

Officers. Private & Public practice. Appointmen t s. Including a new . 
Lqrai La Creme a new classified- classification entitled rmandaiaad 
Ij^n fo r top l egal secretaries. ~Ai tauunnry Appobtmegis. 


FRIDAY Motors: A complete car 
buyers’ guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 

Business to Business: 

Selling property, franchises, 
equipment etc. to small and large 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Overseas Trivet 
Holidays abroad. Low cost flights. 
Cruises. Car hire. UJLTritd: 
Hotels, Cottages. Holiday lets. 

Pea Frimtea new classification for 
sirrebir interests ai home and oveneas. 

Fill In Ihe coupon and attach it to your advertisement. Prior to it appearing, 
we will contact you with a quotation and confirm the date or insertion. 

Elates are Lineage £4 per line (min. 3 lines). Boxed Display 123 per single 
column centimetre. Court and Social £6 per line. All rates + !5\ VAT. 

PAY NO POSTAGE. Send to-. Ike Times. Sririe? Mmgriis. Group 
Chstifted Advertisement Manges Times Newspapers Lid. Afrmkemmt Depart- 
ment. P.O. BM 484. Vbytab Street. Leo*» El 9DD. 


address ; 

TELEPI I0NE (Daytime) 

ACCESS OR visa a/C No 


tP)ware»Un» lmu foi «nl no, I 

- APV 
r2p to 
ed its 
mi io 
i Bert- 
PV at 

a total 
ires, or 

t office 
cm car- 
i is cs- 

R RE- 
73p for 
p. This 
rim re- 
mand a 
-■nod to 

. 1986. 
i (£6.58 
ct share 
i). The 

and it 
-year to 
.oss be- 

p into 

/ 8256 


n cried 



j for 


jn anj m.iv 







Senior Secretary 

c£1 2,000 

West End 


3i Consultants is part of Investors in Industry, the world) largest source of 
private venture capital. It is a leading UK management consultancy working in 
partnership with its customers to make change happen. The company has four main 
businesses - management consul tancy. human resources, locum management and 
strategic planning. 

An experienced secretary is now required for our Special Management 
Group, which takes on direct management tasks within companies that are in 
critical situations, either turning round businesses in trouble or taking responsibility 
for major development projects. 

The secretary) work will involve marketing correspondence, customer file 
maintenance, time sheer and costing administration, invoicing and credit control, 
and report typing. 

Candidates should be of ‘A’ level calibre with at least ‘O’ level passes in 
English and Maths. Good secretarial skills to an RSA Stage III standard are required 


and word processing ability would be an advantage. Experience of marketing 
campaicrns. in voicinc and cicdit control is essential. 



campaigns, invoicing and ciedit control is essential. 

Our attractive financial sector benefits include a concessionary 
mortgage scheme, non-contributory pension scheme, profit sharing 
and tree medical insurance. 

Interested? Please contact Carolyn Wolsey on 01-928-7S22 
for an application form. 

Investors in Industry pic, 91 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8XP. 

A senior Secretary is required to work for the Manager of the busy 
corporate Public Relations department at our Mayfair head office. 
Glaxo is the world's fastest growing major pharmaceutical company 
and this expanding department's responsibilities include 
relationships with the international financial community and media. 
As well as providing full secretarial support to the Manager, using an 
HP Vectra word processor, you will deal with enquiries and assist in 
organising meetings and travel arrangements. 

You should have good general education, to 'A' level standard, as 
well as good, accurate shorthand/typing skills, with at least five 
years' secretarial experience (including word processing), 
preferably gained within a PR or similar environment A high level of 
efficiency and the ability to work under pressure and cope with 
unexpected peaks of activity are essential, as is the ability to deal at a 
high level both insidc^nd outside the company. 

The salary quoted includes London Allowance and guaranteed 
bonuses; other benefits include £700 Lunch Allowance, season 
ticket loan scheme, non-contributory pension and 23 days holiday. 
Please send a full c.v., including current salary details, to Miss Jan 
Turner, Glaxo Holdings p.l.c., Ganges House, 6-12 Ciarges Street, 
London W1Y8DH. 


Holdings p.l.c. 

The creative use of money. 


Excellent salary 
+ banking benefits 

bivieie General? j leading International Bank, is currently 
seeking a high-calibre, experienced Bilingual Secretary PA 
co the Business Development Manager in their trjde 
Promotion and Economic Intelligence PepartmenL 

The Department is also responsible for all aspects of 
economic market research, and press and public relation: 


tins b a non stop, hectic 
environment with one of the 
fiwebesf firms of Amencan 
Management Consultants at 
London. No shontiand or au- 
dio work tut good typing and 
an appmude lor WP is essen- 
tial. A knowledge ot computer 
graphres or a willingness to 
leam will be needed. How- 
ever. the vital gutties are an 
’A* level or tagher education 
coupled with a vast capacity 
for hard wwi and overtime. 
Within the fabulous offices 
are a keeping hi gym and a 
restaurant Age 19-25. 




We are looking tor *n ex- 
perienced Interviewer who 
will enjoy running dwir own 
section. preferably 
wordprocessing / sec- 

The successful applicant 
w* be seJf-motn>ated. capa- 

ble of generating business 
and wto have previous ax- 

and win have previous ex- 
perience in this business. 
We offer ■ good bene sal- 
ary ♦ excellent 
commission, health chib 
membership. PPP, and 
pleasant offices. 

Rtno Sally Owens on 
01-235 8427 or leave a 
message on die anaaphone 
attar 530 pjn. 

4 Pont Street, 
London SW 1 X 9 EL. 


economic market research, and press and public relations. 

Candidates, aged 28- 3 5 . must have fast accurate 
typing, shorthand in both English and French and should 
be accustomed to dealing with senior management in both 
languages. In addition to normal secretarial duties, the post 
will involve organ ising visiting trade missions and 
undertaking confidential research projects for the General 

The ideal candidate will be diplomatic resourceful 
jnd will be looking for more than a straightforward 
secretarial role. 

In return Sodete Generate offers a superb modem 
working environment and a range of benefits including a 
competitive bonus, subsidised mortgage, non- 
contributory pension and free medical insurance. 

To apply please write, enclosing Rill cv, to 
Mr.J.M. Crosbv. Staff Manager. Sodete Generale, 

00 Gracechurch Street, London EC3V OHD. 


of Bond St. 

Becnr nr>«"I PnosullJHK 
55. 1'wtl ttooi fruxicd 
01-SZ3 CB* 

With good speed8 to 
work with and assist 
South Kensington solici- 
tors. Good salary and 
prospects. Tel 581 4481. 


Magical PA wanted to join woeful wizards. 
Spells to include discretion, charm, initiative & 
good typing. Salary £9,000. 

Trade Indemnity 

Senior Executive Secretary 




Trade Indemnity pic is the leading U.K. Credit 
Insurer and a quoted Company. 

Secretary to the General Manager - Finance and 
Administration (a new appointment) 

Administrative skills 

Shorthand. Typing (Word processor training will 
be available if required). 

We offer 

Salary in excess of £10,000, non-contributory 
Pension, Mortgage subsidy, Employee Share 
Scheme and flexible working hours. 

Scheme and flexible working hours. 

If you are interested please send details, including a comprehensive 
c.v. to: 

Mr. A.R. Williamson, 

Personnel Manager, 

Trade Indemnity pic 
Trade Indemnity House 
12/34 Great Eastern Street 
London EC2A 3AX 

Susan Beck - Cri -58 4^6 242 


Working for head of Management in this well- 
known Estate Agents in SW I you will have total 
involvement & client contact. Lively confident 
personality and good telephone manner as im- 
portant as good SH typing. Salary £9.000. 


SOCIETE GENERALE 1 1 disneyland marketing 




c£ 10,000 plus 


A leading international oil company requires an 
experienced secretary to "work in the research 
section of the London office. Applicants must be 

able to use a word processor (preferably IBM) as 
well as possessing excellent shorthand and Ben- 

well as possessing excellent shorthand and gen- 
eral secretarial skills. An interest in world affairs 

together with a knowledge of foreign languages 
would be useful but not essential Duties to in- 
clude some shorthand, typing and preparation of 
routine and special reports and computers. The 
right candidate has a good opportunity for per- 
sonal development and future prospects. We 
offer a competitive salary, four weeks holiday. 
BUPA and pension scheme. 

Please send CV to Personnel Department, 
General Petroleum and Mineral Services 
(Cl) Ltd, 15 Knightsbridge, London 


£ 10,000 ++ 

Be an Alice in this wonderland of Mad Halters. 
I'm recruiting for an admin asst for Design Stu- 
dio. sec for Client Service, and reception. I need 
50 acc typing, good SH typing & 30 wpm typing 
respectively. Lively personalities. Salaries £7- 

Senior PA with good 
audio and organisational 
skills is required to assist 
newly appointed key 

Susan Beck 

The ETB is responsible for the promotion and 
development of tourism in England. 

A stimulating opportunity has arisen for a self 
motivated, highly organised professional secretary who 
can remain calm under pressure and exercise diplomacy 
and tacL 

Working directly with the Chief Executive and alongside 
Regional Liaison staff as part of a small team, the 

successful applicant will possess excellent secretarial skills 
(100/50 wpm), including Word Processing knowledge. 
Ability to organise, draft correspondence, progress chase 
and liaise with external contacts at all levels essentiaL 
If you have an interest in tourism, a sense of humour 
and are a non-smoker, we look forward to receiving your 
CV or will be pleased to send you an application form. 
Pamela Ward. Personnel Officer, English Tourist Board, 
Thames Tower, Black's Road, W6 9EL. 

\ Tel: 01-846 9000. Ext 292Z 

Tel: 01-631 4976 

DeMain Consultants 
Bee Cons 

Wir sind ein sueddeutsches Konzemumrmcbraen 
des Aniagebaues mil 2000 Mitaibeitcrn in 
Wuerzburg, Bayern und suchen fuer die 
Uebersetzuogsabieilung zum baldm. Terrain eine 


£9,500 - 


Package c .£15,000 

A protesscruj approach ana a rmwrwn of two years successful 

intervemig expcnanca could bring you this exceptional optxvtumnr to 
pin me established selection consultancy based «t the Aidwycn. 
Previous reenurmem consultancy expenenc* a essential 1 
We are seeking a further eonstftart on the secretarial damn to 
tnftoCuce secretaries to plants in all areas of commerce, varying Iron 
PR u Merchant Bants and Professional Practices to Adnmsng 

if you are md of wne concurring aunnisfranxi and buieeucracy and 
would SDorazle ample backup services and working m a company 
where naro work and iovatfy is weft rewarded 

Call Mack Dioshaw on 
01-242 1281 

n between 9JHJ - 10.00 pan. on 

01-204 5319 

Jam the lnaWy regulable, 
sooal and orotessnnai prop- 
erty tom as PA/Sec to the 
Personnel Manager «no 
RECRUITMENT. A great deal 
of organamg and personnel 
admei SMjIvM for 1 bright 
and cheerful secretary min 

good accurate SHfTtO stills. 
For hJi deals please cm- 

For hJi deals please cm 
tad Margaret Bray on 

629 4343 

l itrtMKwsisreenuMaiwnMr 

Erforderlich sind neben der englischen Sprache als 
Mutters prachc sehr gute KenninUse der 
Dueuchen und ciner weiteren Fremdsprache 
(Spanish Oder Franzoesisch). sowie moeglischst 
einige Jahre Berufserfahrung. 

Tourist Board 

Imeressenten koersnen wir leistungsorientiene 
Bezucge und die Verguensligungen tines 
Grossuntemehmens (Gleitzeii, Kantine, 
Fahrkosxenzuschuesse usw.j bieten. 

Bine bewerben sie sich raschestraoeglich rail 
Umerlagen (Licbtbild, Lebenslauf, 
Zuegnisabfichrungen usw.j wir werden dann 
umgehend Komakt mil Ihnen aufnehmen. 



Noell GmbH 
Alfred-Nobel-Str, 20 


''Personnel gm. 

95 AWwych. London WCSB4JF Tot 01-3420705 
(£d(>3 senrten). 



Required for outdoor 
advertising specialist 
based in Oxford Cir- 
cus. Good secretarial 
skills including short- 
hand essential. Salary 




Delia Dimneiiom mjuin* an rxperir nerd Trainer for 
llwir Training Division. The company provide? 
Munw for drdinlni and micro word procewdng 
Mill ware on Wang, Philip, and IBM. Experience on 
el lew one of ihrw ny.ilnDi> in wentlsl. The position 
will »uil a person with comonunicaiive and interper- 
sonal nkills to work with a iram of 4. 

Telephone Heather Robertson 
or Deborah Balter on 
91-831 6984 

Ring -JuKe Willis on 
01 -629 6652 
(No Agencies! 


As one of London's leading Catering Companies we are 
Looking for a highly competent Secretary to provide full 
support for Itie Managing Director and Senior Executive 
within a small eftice working mainly on a WP You 
should above all be flexible, enroy working under pres- 
sure in a ream envtnMimcnt and have an cxceffcnf 
telephone manner. Salary c. £9.000. 

We are looking for a totally professional and committed PA to work 
at top level within a well-known City firm of Chartered Accountants. 
The Senior Partner needs full support in all aspects of his varied 
business life; his PA must have superb organisational skills, the ability 
to keep one step ahead and to work in complete confidence. You 
should be well educated (“A" levels/degree) and have the presence 
developed in previous senior-level secretarial and administrative 
positions in the City, to deal with clients and colleagues at all levels. 

Age 30 +. Hours 8.30-6.00. Pleasecall 588 3535. 

Please apply Hi writing with C.V. to Caroline Lys 

Cifrtiu A AIHad Smloi, 
22 Ch tew lcfc High Read. 
London W4 ITT. 

Crone Corkill 




For Director of international firm of management consul- 
tants in hotels, tourism and leisure. Good secretarial skills 
and outgoing personality. Excellent prospects. Languages 
useful particularly Spanish. French and Portuguese Sal- 
ary up 10 £8.500. Graduate looking tor first appointment 
would be considered. Please apply enclosing C.V., day- 
time telephone number and recent pnotograprr. 

Managing Director 
Quantum Associates Limited 
2 Pont Street 
London SW1X 9EL 

In Wl area require a shorthand secretary with 
WP experience. Previous experience in an 
architectural practice an advantage. Must be 
at least ‘second jobber’ with 2 years secretarial 
experience and be willing to work within a 
team. Salary by negotiation according to age 
and experience. Please reply to: ThePereon- 
nel Assistant. The Fitzroy Robinson 
Partnership. 77 Portland Place. London WIN 


Salary £9,000 + 

Required by management consultants based at 
small friendly office in Earts Court. Bright 
personality with high standard of shorthand 
and typing essentiaL Knowledge of French an 
advantage for this varied and interesting work- 
load. 9,30ara - ti-OOpm. 

Telephone 01-244 8420 for further details 


An Equal Opportunity Employer 

\n{W (cants Who do nal hoU Ihe flualifkauttn* «ucd »bo fed 
they have the necessary work experience loony oat the duress 
are cncoureccd to make ippUaum. 

Chief Executive's Office 


£12,267 - £12£21 (Ret 169/LSEC/T? 

Looking for m challenge? 

Tower Hamlets has » "F-ly dcorf rafccal C ounal and the 
Leadership needs adminiUTairee and secreanxi support. 

ir yon have personal qualities such as ucl 4M*w»cy and the 
ability lo communicate dearly and eoactseb and hold excdleu 
administrative and secreunal skills including aud w you Cou M 

administrative and 

be the person we are looking fw. The work «m be OcmanOrng. 
fast-moving and challenging. 

Rooon5abte to the Chief Execmnre you wdl cmdCTraleadmmo- 
treiivc and seneianal tasks, as well as lasks related to the 

A pplka lion forms and job descriptions ma> he fratn 

lbcRecniitmefii Section. Room 21b. Town HaO. Patnot Square. 
London E2 9LN. or tefcptere: oor aasnerm* tervice on 0J-WI 


Please quote the job title and reference. Completed forms mast 
be returned by 23rd June lW. 

*rr cvas&ttrrd bb *e basitof tbe ir sdabjBpfortbt 
a5s£rnevOtss of sex sntml hxWM. rtdigioa. nddarak 
Btariad JOTn. disabhaaqa ot age. 


The Most Exciting Top Retail job of 1986 
can your performance match ours? 


£10,000 p-a. 

The Body Shop, renowned far its range of naturally based 
skin and hair care preparations, is incorporating a new 
subsidiary company to btrocb a range of colour cosmetics 
ami is seeking a top flight P.A. to help set up the London 

Reporting to the General Manager, this exciting vacancy 
will gire a rare opportunity for involvement with a new 
venture af its inception. The sucoessrui candidate will be 
responsible for the day to day operation of die Company's 
administrative and secretarial functions, assisted by a ju- 
nior member of staff. 

Candidates should be aged 28-33. well educated and pre- 
sented. energetic and enthusiastic, uiib an impeccable 
.command of the English language. Highly developed secre- 

tarial and oraarusauonal strati are required plus an ability 
to operate efficiently in a dynamic environment- Word 

to operate efficiently in a dynamic environment- Word 
proces si ng experience is abo necessary. 

Written applications only, with full O', to Veronica Ports. 
The Body Shop International pic. Dominion Way. 
Rustioglon, W. Sussex. BN 16 3LR. 



Dynamic young company need an energetic, self 
motivated admin secretary. Proven manage- 
ment experience a must. Secretarial side 


Are you capable of guiding this design company 
to wealth and feme? Competent studio manager 
with flair and ability sought. Previous admin 
experience essential for this varied position. Sal- 
ary £10.000 neg. 

MAYFAIR AUDIO £9,000 neg 

Prestige estate agent seeks a flamboyant young 
sec to work in their busy offices. 

Ring Barbara 01-631 4146 


Eastgate House, Eastcas&e St, London WIN 7PA 


International publishing house based in Wl 
needs two non smokers with excellent office 
org ani sational skills and audio typing to a mini- 
mum of 50 wpm. Applicants must be able to 
work on their own initiative, good spelling and 
grammar are essentiaL Salary c £8,000. 

Please write with CV to 

Marion Pate, 

Falcon Publishing Europe Ltd, 

, R ?8 e S t Arcade House. 

19-25 Argyle istreet, London WlV 1AA. 

UP TO £7,250 

AjwywsM icnoMm prestigious ftm based in the City 
are anxious to recruit high caflbre CoUeoa Leavers. 

J f ° ung se S? teTtes wtw 

areirawt to get Into the wortdng world. The company 
ows many benefits as we* as good salaries tor 


Wdeg veraa tMty w« tone aa 

adm.'kkjiirtjon to you. Your 
*u"wws director ^ 

c8nt "W wi manufacture 
whilst disMxition end mar. 
“■wo glue you scope tor 

i»our creative kteaa. B«vtow 

PA prospects and mow fw, 

tovml when you spa*k 

to Sue Owen on 
491 7638 

£9,000 -i- BONUS 

An eye lor visual impact 
toil involve you In assess- 
ing artwork and layout 
Arrmge venues and exec- 
utive travel in dssfepr 
marketing. The rapid ex- 
pansion of (Ms Chy 
consultancy wfl give a era- 

ati*e emphasis to 

secretarial sawy. Don't 
wait to 

call Joss Taylor 
on 499 7781 


AH daarificd idu miiHw n 

jggg* Anoonsecmcm*). The 


«jr for Wednesday J. Should 
you wiih io send an 
WWI a writing 
yom daytime 

nurrhKiflr. ir you tare any 
*"***» patterns rehninx to 
yafijwniinmin once iijai 

" Pinse contact <wr 
. . . Servieu Dcpanmeit 

ay pephone on - 01-481 4100 . 


■■ jSSSL « ' n£w*I^ 

. a— “ 

a Crv~. 

S»ij««^5 B S^ D gS£- 

Ma wfc. Nolly * vnvo. Dfc “ y ' 
■ K * Anwiimn to 40 today 

dm sm^o mtotoS 
. f* ow Irish sea muai have not, 


’WWTfcaw Mwo. to mv 

an « TO & 

£ ““Ski*, i 

diamond - 

: &3i* 

W Bjj Wg mWB-TmYOa 
jyteatt 19Z6 UawwtocS 



^ : 

LATE Dnu OtetoC PcUMu d u to 

Uwaaawi. k BggHTwft. 

jp™>. Oavw Dantoto couuo's 

aaufft torfleto tn touch wtm WH 

^oocsjay Prtmros* a vs. hobs. 

fart KM6 4QB tot may hea 


£M,w» of tor toteAnnte 

Ettaot Jana of Abcrunxi. 

■“■Oji, • 

: ***. i- 

- ... ..‘'^b/v »• 

"Vh- , 


r -: j — • 

&fiO n next SuMw oo BBC. 


tojbrtta in toe IUWT 

1 ^aapnDUB, •' 

* — - ^ HArvjLg|' i ; . i 

Would Like To Hear Fxxxn Au- 

nw>* . B .you have written a 

5S2L 0 !? < *g**n t«a ouUMMion. 

Wrte ta DrotTMU/7 THE 


- 8kwU «WB.8MtoWTaL U 


■ ****** -' ' k* : Cft frfUl 


'gto^d. arantotetepw* 

* *J*fP**“»«« erdeanwFarB>e 

suited aatwer phone 458 4936 

_ /°f a Itnitod mange. 
McauuuManacs to Scoobia. 

Mid My . MM Auo- Send SAE 

(o VWL 9 Rant BMSL Oxtorf 






nUL anocmw at tok 
S^ e- itotmert H o -l Aa e aeatokte 
xrtw on Meats, tvi «u «t 
91 tower Shame Street. SW. 
OJ.7SO OM5. 

1906- RacewHHonc? *5 
Hawkiia iSTBMue amatortoa. 
£3.000 ooo. Tet 089275 £19 

or NtmnBL 

. £7*0.000 9HMR rf m 

aotf ism ORHonr reattea rund- 

W*. l aw our showroom 

wW i«> June. AH etearsnea 

Henw reduc ed tv 2 fr* . bm. 

SojjoBw* Ma man ftWf Klee. 

NeWched. near Henley oo 
Thame* fO «gl) luiiL 
SournemotSh (02021 295580. 
Berkeley. Ohs (0463) 810952. 
TMMIUm.' Devon <039587) 
7045. (Wading 073*1 891731. 

> JWW£ HHPn. B e mU fid 

“ft »s“fr mabawts mum. 

Ba «y d a wne d and hno 

"Wee IO cstnmaDorMo evth- 


MNM/Mmd room (aide. Vie* 

naan, mu a oak. D e n ded- Ac 

6- oieui to 8* a lot*. Un> 

UDKvaivf. £1-250 Tan 
WandogUd (0444BB 444 tor 
GMwfcftl ' ' 

macs* oueUty wool ta*av M 

trade nrieo and - a na., ako 

ewtoblt 1005 extra. Large 

room at» renemrs under MH 

normal trie*. Chancery Ctorpett 

01 405 0055. . 


ceHcd bceooke orders for «ak>. 

Under ittof price. Pinae toto- 

phonr M-829 5586 for dean. 

iwmn worn wrnrar.c». 

Stardmi En am Ua Mil. 
au. theatre ana eaorta. 

Tel: >2]4616/gZ8<M«S. 

AO / Van t Dbm. 

cm*, cm, Lis am 

StHileULWitawedon Tcnnto. 
Wham Matotk now. m «5B 

0300-AU cretw came a coetne d . 

blr sear efc. Naflonwidr 
■WtuBka Tht (0380) 860059 

scxrvmocm Aar eueid Inc Laa 


82B X6T8. Mater credll canto. 

•WOOL CATS, started 
Cm. Cbeia. Lea Mto. Atf thetMre 
and dOOTI. TH 651 5719. 637 

1715. ab major cndM card*. 

TWm. CImm to Poa Concede. 
<M«3t loeo/ai. 

FATHERS DAT. For the Idol 

present name a «ar for yowFto- 

Uter. T«C 01 482 0919 
1888 DOTAL Academy summer 

exhJdtoon. Shorn Carden 
TrypOch 4nm2ra. OI 6243408. 


EyrfQOvr to. 

,lnid M caoito.for-tte iwaH Kia d. 

. 58 Maddox Street. London Wi. 

. TcioMwoa 49M95T. 

CAPITAL CVa praparaUeh « 

br cw rleulu ni vew. 01*07 


ev» prafemtonani' 

wrtoen aqd produced etameu- 

Sooght and sold. TO 01-881 
3347 or 01-791 8286. 
•HM8UB0N and Ml Pop Event* 
no— bouto ! and SOUL 
Q1430Q2T7 or 01430008. 

package. 01 602 9766. . 

Bex saam. 1st ten rows. Loom* 

badge* elc. TO; Ot 402 7851. 

or sold. Wham! Queen. Chess to 
Cato tor eaia. TOW 701 8283. 

/v;/ 2 soyi r 

JAM “ 

. '■ ■ 

01-5 802958, 
mmiSIIIP, Love or Marriage. 

AH ages, areas. Catenae. DnX 

tQlfil 23 Abfatgdon Road. Lon- 
don wa .Tel; 01.908 1011. 

--£• ‘ 
. * 


poe m cuss 

to _ 

. tor 


Oamjatne BreddjsJ. cgecid 
knclma atf Med so ww 
BtosJI joo ire Mtaresud n oor- 
ponR-Btfi cottas wgMfy: 

A FeSi tot 0708 44191 

COMMNT Htf Daw orgaatoe d 

for scut or coel o mata. An y io* 
cation. Tel 0734 872722. ' 


Send SAX. 14 l 

. SW3. 01-267 6060. ] 

Dl G04 4J42. HWeiaxe 

• Men 4065 m. demand. 



Mandm CortoptHt Tin, 
design tafirt otfy £855 per sq 
yd + VAT. Wool OR tetw 
Km ate Hesstei tnrfavt 

pw dq id + vat. me 

Teb Of -87S 2080 

Free eatoBtes-Esjert Sttog. 

I MUUHLIIOr T lI l Ug r . Spendn 

week iclarui o a our pnvam 

MB on our yacht tor £860 me 

BL H ’B. tret w/atoUH to 

other coo— one peak 

Oto cidy front £90! Ol 


-•» • M«i tfbnate. taMooa 
wainaocrt*. naan food, tm- 
Hauted wine. F e nteni c bargain 
etfees lor May au June deae. 
61 «0on Una Travel. 

07 78? 220ft 

CttflLtflTUtZ ON fNMi/lt* 

toEnooe. USA a iMWAsma- 

. MM. DtfioiMt Travel: 01-730 


wlde. GUimnr Traver. abta 

M-8W 505£mna Anaee 


Bene Travel Tel Ol Has 0*14. 

Havmaftm 01-030 1366. 

U-TjC. Open Sat 0753857005. 

MALAC1A. r AWA I to rk . 01W41 

- Mil. Travelwtoe. Ahla/AML 

MALAOA. (MIO. LwP tana. 
Ol 736 8191. ATOL 1893- 

SWmntLANDSenedUed Bltfda 

01-724 2388 A8TA ATOL 

MRO. Oo HcrdM. wtadHMIne. 

waOdog or lounge 


Moet rooms woh private bath. 

from £259 jwk. Price* tntondr 

4 meek . car iter*, ntahto to 

tmnfera. Vacatwes Cm. 6 

JOngs BL atctvnond. Smtf. 

Tel Ol 940 1998. 2Afer. Wo- 

chureanmteioorOl 948 8500. 


knnLOs*. ETcenatnytoAito- 

trauo. Ftor Ebm. & Africa. USA. 

Lknon. r*o to Oeneva. SPE- 

Travel Centra 01-656 7025. 


o/w £396 rtn £6«& Auckland 

OA» £420 nn £774. AbOT 

o/w £264 rtn £470. Cog Antfe- 

lev o/ w £t92 TtO £38a London 

Fnght Centre 01.570 6532. 

N*W York £2*9. LA £329. TO- 
rants £229. Jkure £419. 

Nairobi £309. Sydney £539 

Auckland £749. ttartair 130 

Jettnyn and. Ol S» 7144 

WHAT MAM polag Sunwards? 

Grrater Lone— UgMwcfgMS 

Moot neady-lmw— nits to 

k lw twe a r up 10 Mae 
BTjWm up to 18V;. hosiery 

Me 8 SackvIDe SL London wi. 

Lan mtotir iHgfils to hoNdayo 

from Caiwtak flw avafi ex 

M»U >09231 771255 (04OS0 

75999.' Holitf—. 
ASTA/ATOL 1107. 

NaiioU. Jo’Bms, Cano, Ddai, 
Bangkok, H<rag Roof. Sydney , 
Emope, ft The Americas. 
Fhmiaga Travel. 

. 76 Shafieobgrr Avcaae 
Loadea WiY 7DG. 

01-439 0102 

Ope* SamrAj MJ0-13J0 


US lawim 1 17’ IdMi oito SL 
London vn 01. '486 0813. ' 



I. TtflfHB AH dns 

01 688 9449 Day. 

Evea Ol 387 4589 and 01 303 

_ u 

.; r\? 

• “■ 
• r 

■ J- e 

1 don. FA cm Final 
cuenia. Ol 223 4560. 

■TOTAL ASCOT. ThMts reoBtradT 

Thea or Ftt. bw prtvu* puecha*. 

er DtscrattoR aerared. TO: Ol 

24 a 2056. 

nuiIDM Wi guarantee to 

pay Up prices tor centre conn 

■can. Phone Robin Richardson 

■ on Ol B56 253a • • 


Top price*. Phone us 

. 821 6616.828 0496. . 

wanted.- centre*: No 17 Best 
prue* paid. 01-839 5233. 

bought or boM. best pnet* aakL 
01-582 926* or 01-587 1095. 


wanted tor large package < 
parry. Ot 437 5078. 

gns. etc. Private w— t k nOwd 

Price*. Tel 0227 458500 mi 

WUNBIXDON -lop prices ror Cen- 

tre court sent*. Rmg- 01 836 


CD Centra court or No L Any 

day Ol 434 0741: 

Plus debenrava-Abo dynde- 

boumcJettprteekOl 2260837 



pUed wtlh my Plano over £800 

purchased daring June. Phone 
for ., free aatogae. joa 
M tghgste Rd. NWS. Ol 267 


and .raoondtootted. Quality at 

rawonaMe Price*. 3B6 Brigham 

OL S-Croydon. 01-688 3513- 


Me. wu*. 

: 01-586 *981 


- o/w 




OV370 8237 

MTH08CA. Ttfarfr. Orcek b- 

taPOs. Akwrv* . Vtua* Apt* 
n e r ai poi Tlrentn. Ho Oday */ 
FUtMs. Rreehuna.'boehing*. 
^jtaea hoMoays. TO 0742 


aenM ohm mouaing me 

Balkans. Free caodogur from 

PKcam ny. Bare Book* 96 Wdi 

Sfc«L Rotfteeter. KnH MO 

1 CALL For seme of ma beet deaig 

on flu. uia, apt*, mb and car 

Wra Tel London Ol 635 5000 

Manchnicr Obi B32 200ft Av 

Travel 4d\bmy 8uMw. 

nous Oft Ru £485. Unu 

Wy rtn. Ako stneii Crow 
JfoMav Jdtaneyto tea Pent 
from £350) JLA 01-747-3108 
M/TORK Mtanl LA. CMenea 

teee.oa major UA achedukd 

CKiim. Aka mnsauamie 
Cttfrier* to flume* tp Canada Ol 
684 7371 ABTA. 

MBtflM. M ‘ | 

285^35*552 * stkyI 


anaaF gwraH 

I \ mm£ | 

■•8HTS sneous nmi non I 

I(F. SID £ NT 1 A !- — r 

Y*Fil Ml* UUO 



tmmacu&e irtBriar gaasaal 
7th floor Rai in excellent 
modem Hock. Lflt. entraiee 
phone, 24 hov porterage. 
Seconds Iram transport. 6 
months ptus. £175 pw. 

DocUnds Office 
01-538 4921 


A cwrty converted we tad- 1 
mom « in this ouet street 
Close to excellent transport ] 
faohbes. Double bedroom. , 
raeept ff Wchea Avafi now 
on tong co. tel £150 pa. 

PlmRta Office: 
01-834 99S8 

Texas £399 

was. £999 rtn. y*y £399 one 
way. £599 rtn. 13-15 June. 

Cokanbus ol 9994281. UTa 

uw cost moHn. Moei cum- 

mn oestinatiem. van. 

Ol 402 4362/0052 ABTA 
AlOOa ATOL I960 
Jamaica N. York. 

Africa. India. Far EM 01-737 
21 63.' 0659 ABTA. 

Worldwide dmnte fares. 

Travel, i ouke a 
Mainland ABTA 01-940 4073, 

mu*uucuu»* Banded 

fow c«M fttOM expert*: EUWo 

to W/wkta. Freedom Hobday* 

01-74 1 4685 ATOL 432 IATA 

TUNISIA For that perfect tMttdey 

with sunny day* to carefree rtn. 

Mote Sortng/Summer.TMkttn 
Travel. 01-273 4411 . 

ymtav REOunEP 8 Beorro ng 
1/2 9* POO p» Ub?tas kQBriP 

724 3160 


. .iVE HAVE Waiting 



- .TO SEE liETTEft 


351 7767 

itaftr. Cream. Man. CBaartta. 

Swtta. Omnaay. 01-434 4325 
AUCAKTC. para. MMaga 

Dtraond Travel ATOL 1785- 

01-581 4641. Hootaam 68541 

AUSSK. MA. Santo Africa. 

USA Hone Koog. bm rare*. 

01-493 7775 ABTA 
6BBCC, riaini* if. 
Urea. Can Megtea Travel- 01 
73S 8191. ATOL1893. 


FtMtes Faldor 01-471 0047 

ATOL i64ft Accem/vtm. 
SVP/MBX. £516 Perth £545 AM 

caatar caerien to AU8/NZ. Ol- 

664 7371. ABTA 

Excefort Oat v*Si aniAi wa out 
loeiL Ooofiie beOwxn. ieca(Hioa, 
bstm/ixraktast area, lan. igs 

etagBit mwnoa. Hoce rasp- 

ben, 3 bedfooms, 2 baJ w cfls, 

WOMB. BMte and annua 
gsdens. 1 MB [As. £475 pa 


01 22S 0433 

IBHRNBKBI am tirmfirt 
bouse BdhfluaWy dear. 5 beds, 
ffcfe read. 4 (r9s. 
Weft gdn. oh a p/bng. £850 

INMteKU. 8MS ScepaaBir 

gmd t« na m prestese corenain 

anneal toores ferasbed Mfc 
sioenor ouslfy s«s*s. 4 beds, 
dbk reqn, if Wcfi 2 mtM . bnd- 
scaorij rvin. £450 Bar 

GREENE & CO 81-625 8611 

MM. Highly rrcnrn 

£466. 01-584 7371 ABTA. 


MMSE Tmkay 12 berth crewed 
motor yacht 2 wba June 3/17 
£366 pp lac fit*. Whole Boat 
araflatdp outer weeks from 
A l COO. Free W/aport*. hrt>. 01 
326 1005. AM 2091. 

WUJB 2 *s bara uum tux col 
lage ia me cnaraang niataru 
rittage of Harrow cm me HPL 
26 Mtoi to Ceauai London. Co 
let preferred. £160 pw. TO. Ol- 
423 248ft 

F.IV.OAPP (Managmeni ServtraD 
U4 r rgpt r e propetnea m central 
south and wen Loodon areas 
I or waning aopbcantaJPI -221 


pw. Priory-. 01 940 4S6S. 

AMD wn nr- 

ouwel 9 ben leng company ml 
O ram London. WI W 2 pref. 
No agents p*e ot 252 9567. 

Property hotter* tor Supe ri or 
Renat* Long A short lets m eU 
areas opwpefa Ol 351 5732. 


TAKE THK OFF to PtokL Am- 

sterdam. Brussels. Brag _ 
Geneva. Bertie. I mmaanc- The 

Hague. DiAteta- Rouen. 01 

togne A Dienpe. Ttrue o«. ! 

Chester Close. London. SW1X 

7BQ. 01-236 8070. 



and school tlBujo tgt pm- 

TO 01-379 1665. 




* SAVE £££** 
1,000’s of seatB 

must be sold . 




‘ hose mscomns * 


USA ■ USA • MA - (BA 


(ESTD 1969) 


27) 27S3Si 



More tow-cost flights 
via more mutes 
ttwi any other agency 

• Fast, ixport, titgthiecfa 
service - Free worttwidB 
hottl& car him pass , 


Open 8-6 Moo-Sat 

br w i u H bHtfaw . insurance. 

A last nriinute 
villa with no 

W* art 4lwto* 10 offer 

qoalty vfltas at ahott notice, 
wffh the eraphtok on the 
Mob a tan dar d and terries our 
brochure baa ptomked tar 15 
yeats. There are Oo naaqr 
surprises u (yeflt you on 
arrival. We have vttaa In 
Portugal. South of France. 

Greok (standi — Coriw. 

Crate. Pnos. Ako the 
Pakzzo Beknoote fei Italy. 
Ftara tfaeacty twaakwa and 
aapeatfaa - to the wary 
simple and aodeatly priced. 
AM toe sHb HMxfoUMa for 
thdr brochure - gotckly. 


43 CadOMM Sheet 
01481 08511 

01-584 B803 
,(589 0132 — 24 k 

brockets aerrlce) 

IW1 Superb maaMon not cl 
afl a n mn i r . 2 Ptwcuvr 
r wwo with balcony 3 beds. 2 
hatha. Igr U Vlasirm. UnfUm. 
£500 p w. GoMn 01 828 8251 

MrAJmnrcam*. Fuai- nan uw 
bed modern town hw. Lsr ret- 
klL bom. Close public transport, 
private parking. £840 pom. Tel: 
01-870 4540(672 7295. 

hpc Oat*/ homes: £200 - Ciooo 
P.W. Usual faes ng PWUJpa 
Kay to Leiria. South ot me Park. 
Chrism ofneo. 01-352 8111 or 
North of the Park. ReoenTm 
Park mace. 01-586 9882. 

new-dee 2nd nr flL Dble and agl 
ben rtaa. Mflinp rat 'dhikto arra. 
mod ML hath Cihowrn. Avail 
now. Long Co let.' £223 pw. 
Matorik: Ol 581 2216 


bsmac 2 flair tod flat, balcony, 
oarage, s muss station. £t4S 
pw. Pnory: Ol 940 4556 

_ __ rumtshrd 

Home, a beds. 2 ream. gin. 
£275 pw Tri-0202 758657 

UrmCOND CENTRAL- Spar high 
(to I si Rr punsian QL I 2 beds. 
£130 pw. Priory, at 94a AS55 

tod. 2 rec. 2 both twiur me. 
Good I ram ymrt loOly. £254 
pw Andrews Lethnn 01-565 

Aa m OCAH Bank vrgrntty re- 
gum luxury flats and houses 
from £900 - £1.000 pw. Ring 
Burgn Estate Agents 681 5136 
AVAILABLE MOMf Luxury Hah to 

ctous UDfurmaned top floor flat 
to P-b_ bfaxk. 3 tom. 1 rereb. 
new ML 2 ho lla, in. porter. 
CM tad £575 pw. PhUtoa KSV 
to Lewis: oi see sin. 

*1*8 lovely 2 bedrm garden Rat 
with dbect access to v. urge 
Private gardens- Large tomme to 
bnchra /diner. Washtos ma- 
CUne. £150 gw. oo. tel gnf. 
992 4114. 

NOT PtiTMA". bumar 3 bed hae 
to Ideal Paso dose common to 
river, a lew nteoa walk to tube. 
DUN reno. teU/brk. bato/stiwr. 
Sumy gdh. £180 pw. Tel 
Plata: Wtnen 785 5222. 



Map & Book Shop 

Landon WBCEJ 
Lanfr4i8al OM09 1815 
Europ#/ USA 0VS37 5400 


~ nr in i iia in 

lavtefnaa. all dates avaiL June 

tbeoato.r MRi - m a san : from 

£125. CMHc HobttayL -Ol 309 

7070 to 0622 677071 or 0622 

677076 (24 MSI Atoi 1772. 


0450 78090. 




pooh In South or France 

£1.200/ £1.800 wkflr. Primer 

4r Parker (049 481) 6411 



... IM Wed. Centre to 

No. I Ben price. Ql 7«1 8407. 

WIMBLEDON pnd an pep events. 

Tickets bougmnd aakL Ol 593 

.9944 ... - 

BnaraUDOM Octets bought to 
soul. Seal prices - «akL 
OBtoinabtes LUL Ol 839 1888. 

. CD Baer prices paid, centre 
court or court 1. 01-737 2532 
WW8LEDON ite] tickets wanted, 
not lor resale Beat prices paid. 
01-930 4536. 




Id Crmaxice or 'Indian «fiM 
aril brace tent JetdnSip qsrif- 
pes. ■nrrhrrnnl aad bwovattw 

kihhm turt gro an d ta 
riKtmna. teriiookiGf and mao- 
apomi arik vp . Earepnn 

Reply to BOX H36. 






? , ¥ '-' J ~ J- 


Volunteers wiih executive ex- 
pertence req t terad to form a 
. u.K. team: Home basNJ.^days 
per week imnunura. CSareesefr- 
tiall Ex proses met.' Please 
write with C.V. Io: 

Mary Bniea 

FaroUv Holiday Aasodatwn 

sen City Road ECi v 1NA 



a *- 


Due aoa laat miante catweOP- 

unn our Vhaorum Steamer 
-*VcHe" k avaltaWe for hbc 
with a moortno on ceora tor 
Saturday Sfi July 198& For 
further Hearts KKNwne:- 


OS-568 6893 


01 486 9356 


Save with Swissarr*s 
Super Apex. 

Londoo to Zurich or 
Geneva daily on coo- 
flights. And daily 
flights to Basie 
(except Sundays). 
Book and pay I4days , 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Sunday after arrival | 
Bookings andfull 
conditions from 
travel agents or 

01-437 9573 


vtfas & apts dose to gtonous 

beacte. Some FREE cMd daces. 

FREE windsurfing in Crate. 

AnllaOitity throuQbout the 

HORSHAM 9183 59788 

MTA ArtD ATOL 1452 

currrnlty seeking good quality 
rental acccmmcxmjcin In 
central London for waUng 
company taunts 01-957 9681. 

BAHCR BT Saperii 3 yrg old turn 
«. 4 beds. 2 beau fl 
adtel. Inge/dloer. Mt/bkftL 
gge. oaBo/g dn. C CH. £450 pw 
TO«l-847 2541 / 789 76S2 
aCMCATN 50. Omste 
fWtofnrn vtemrian tw. 5 beds. 
2 . teems, utttity rm. 2 kn 
— fcaiuhafii kk. C&. gge to gdn. 
£350 PW. T.P.M. Ol 445 2025. 

CMLSCA Sin Whan you hsve 
seen ma otter flats, coma and 
see our quiet, elegant, rutty 
•mapped naa. \ ree. 1 bed. K to 
B. CM £200 pw 01-351 416? 

CLAMAM SW4 to ML recent 
(dura, bg 4 bed. 2 Hem. rum 
hae. Avail July 12. Co famAy 
let prof. £950 pent- TO«1 979 

Ode bedim*, lounge, bauirro to 
ktteben. Entry phone, private 
arrow Co let only. £140 pw. 
Phtap Wray 381 4819 

cmhoeae. GE14. A* 

BMpravla. £ 20 O£ 2 . 000 pw. 
TO Burgess 681 5136. 

KM to MITOBOFF far tuxury 
pro per ti es to SI Johns Wood, Re 
rats Park. Mama Vale. Swt» 
0X1 to HamprteM 01586 7561 
tflRA Nr river. Lux flat. 2 
beds, very Ige recep. UL bath. 
SuU senior ntecutHV. £260 pw. 
nm« Jam Qote 362 99ao. 

CMLDREM OKI 5 barm house 2 
receps iv pnonrgdn has waster 
£100 pw. Many others 627 
2610 Hometotatora nil 9 

CA Wra FLAT new phone pkq 
gdn handy batupori nil 4 £80 
pw. Otters loo 627 2610 

(erred £100 pw euiiahw. Tel: 
01439 1068- 

tfCBMOML Large uafurn 4 bed. 
2 ream trinity he trim gge A 

ruoataa aad afl mgehtaes. Long 
co l*L Bochananx- 361 7T67. 

MCI linDI BUSH *714. 6 mtoa 
from toe nation. Amro p«ms-»- 
terrr. Ftaiy furnatoed to a very 
tnni sonaard. l oed. imp. k to 
b. £126 pw. 244 7353 <T). 

smnr cbetc 

M raeAM Ca ra j 
JOKE Mb* IT* • 20k 
4nfo fireek fanfr offtr bcatfM 
(BTwtte ate/sfijftOL mttf tfft 
poote, fr £1oB tori Sgtt 

ukth) ns ento fucbi 

Flnsa ring fur or sol friendly 

01-894 4462/5226 





irfUO , 




_ £420 

Afn Um Trial Ltd 





Cl 69 2 wk* for 4 beaotmd viu» 

nr Dm sea 8 to 15 km Or 

Catwiek- 01 734 9862 Pm 

World Hobdays, 
msec. UrapoM tefamte . d w p 

Rights. viBa rentals ere. Zeua Hal 

ways. 01-434 1647. AJW Alto. 

HOMS u Jane nv* Cioopp. 

Lux apt hols only £129. Aim 

1025/6. Stratus 0705 868814. 



ed. Ol 883 0026 


Parts ' £89 N YORK £2*S 

Harkbxl : m UfSF IS85 
uooa £820 Had C2B5 
NdSw Z325 saigapora £*33 
JOtwu 5*50 Bmriok £335 
Caro-- 09$ Khuiiandu t**0 
□dVBnq -£39$ rtwgoon £350 

■ iauo r ^. 






esL-ss sssi -. ^ 
ags«. ir w 

tan m 




HHY I MO ww a UP 
Tlt-fMM . 

. . mat 

An opportuniiy to 
-purchase a wide 
selecnon of fine 
porcelain from this - 
famous sunken caigoi 
Open Sundays 
ft weekdays 

Roger Bradbury 

Church Street, 
Norfolk NR127DJ. 
Tel: (0603)737444 v 


A villa, a pool and a Manures 
vtew. what more pouM you 
want? CMOS* from Ttncamr. 
Sarduiia or RaveOo - the ioveu- 
«r ports of Italy where the man 
market u pe ra t ew a donT go. or 
oombme a villa MUday wttn a 
soy in Venice. Florence v 
Rome. Free brochure from 
Magic Of Daly. TeL- Ol 749 
7449 <24 hn service} 






Vflja*® Apartments from 
£195 per week, 
n-n «■ . 

0923 674310 

ALOAHVE. a«. won sooerb 
ocean view in deluxe VIHtfm 
c o mplex. Att antral ties inc net. 
Spoon priv. beach. Avail June- 
Ocl. 01 409 2828 VHUWerld. 

HoNdays os daoncUon for Uw 
wiy tow TO 01491 0802. 73 
a. jamera strata. $wi. 

ALQARVE. LUX «JU Wfltl P0«. 
rips 8. AvbH Aug/&cPL 01 409 
2838. VMnWOrid. 

dve fim floor ftot. 2 
bodraot, terra. Ml + ham. 
CH. LUL Cot T.V. CO leL £196 
pw. 584 5501 Ol 


OUrt mews. 3 fabulous tecepa. 

. 6 beds. 2 bams. £750 pw. 
Tel-. 01-225 1460. 

French Entbamy. 1 demote bed- 
room. serviced- £175 pw exa. 
Tel: 01-681 4541. 

LUXURY mod FLAT rerep TV 
pbOnegfri gge beating nr. Tube 
£80 pw. other* Idol 607 2610 
Ttomriocaiore T days 
MUSWEU. (ALL Nlft -Fatty fam 
rial With 3 betas, lux ruraiehtogs 
throughout. £180 pw. TJ’Jte. 
Ol 446 2025. 

5T1 0 I H MOOD WL Pretty 2 
’bad garden fiat- Free pe r ki n g 
Long H. £180 Pw. TOowly 
SwWn. 01 995 4175. 
r»t LOWNDES ST. Sooclous 
9/e Studio with own torgr etu 
haft lots of riorriy space. £125 
PW. Co-let. 01 937 9681 OX 
s.'c studio with own torge rat 
baB. lots of Morege (pace. £125 
pw. CO teL OI 957 9681 (TL 
1 dhte bdnn Rat kids/ pra 
eknme terra Pkg ationr gdn 
r tube £82 pw. Others 627 
2610 Homriocaton 
*17 9883 The tnsatierto remero- 
ber when seeking beat rental 
perties m central and prune 
London areas £fEOfC2.QOOpw. 

to CD haw a large gelactloo or 
flats to houses avail for l wk ♦ 
froth £200 pw. 01-499 1665 
RACE- Lux studio BOOL £150 
pw compa ny /hobday let only. 
588 0706 day/994 1497 evfig 
WEST HEM A seiecUan of Charm- 
ing E/r 1-4 bed apart* and town 
Iwes £12O-£5O0 pw inef. too 
shares! 01 675 1896 <1JL 

Hem 2 Bed (la deetfMd Mh 

grea styfa n small MKk wtt 

fens* keeper Recnt and masttY 
bed nenrtn inm M HMD mn- 
tkwL O/toofeng Hyae rat Co 
bog el ?425 pw 


*fh fool 1 bed na m modem 
Mad ijgp dacora aows and luiia- 
Wt Carpanoifl. pool, gpn and 
Sana met. Long and start Ins. 
EI65 pw 

fiOBSARD & sum 
Ot 330 7321 


Lounge. 2 bedims. £220 pw. 
Tat Ol 602 6941. 

WEST X - 2 room ftaL nr Middx 
Hasp Wash marti. Micro. CH. 
TV. £J40pW. T«l 01 743 1809. 

WIMBLEDON ft AREA. « getert 
Uses .fiats No fee to tenants. 
Wdharos to Son 947 3130. 

A BAKOAM! 2 bdmflat CBS pw. 
Rec phone sun J omen 627 
2610 Hometocatora 7 days 
KuatAVE SO Superb anew* 
Hae. 6 bed*. 3 baths, tong let. 
£1. 600 per weak. 01 731 7840 
GKLSEA SW3. Spac. cnannlng 
naL t dbtr bed. drwng rra.dtn 
£140 pw Co tel. 352 6174 
and 2 bed llats. £95X140 pw. 
Property Services: 996 4176. 
OBI r BEDSIT own kitchen nr 
tube MU* paad. £35 pw. Others 
627 2610 Homelocaaors 
FLATS to MOUSES xvafiabte for 
rent. Please phone Nigel Holder 
01 883 3255. 

WBM M Etegam 2 bed 
rib rial avail for snort/long 
let TO Ol 491 7545 <T) 

MO BILLS! date fUUetCH pkg gdn 
nr tote £60 pw. Others. 01 627 
2610 Home Locator* 

WI I (Bate bdrm Rat. Recra 
phone nr tube £65 pw Others 
60 7 2610 Hometocatois till 9. 
ETS WELCOME 2 bedrm nr 
lube TV garage rec £100 pw. 
Other* 6272610 Hotbalocators 
Short to Long - Iota. 
Co m m o n bcteltl. 300 8273 
tin and porter. £525 pw exd. 
Tel: 01-581 4341. 

ST JOHN'S WD Lge quiet hot f uni 
mala. 2/3 bed. 2/ 1 rec. XJl. atn. 

1 yr +. £225 PW. TOf7224444 

2 recep. 2 balh. Newjy net mb. 
£225 pw nrg. Ol 937 9681m. 

TAKE YOUM MCH or the best 
flak, duptax * houses ui Lon- 
don. £100/0000- 5896481 T 
WS turn family hsc/gon 4/5 
brasa bath. 2 recrat. to m. 
£375 pw let Ol 937 5986. 
ft 1 BED BALC FLAT. Sba- 
rious. ante asoen recep. quiet 
leafV S» £200 pw 937 968107 
WH. sonny stndto IteL Sep K and 
B- Inmar. FORI. £110pw. 
TOOl-636 7481. 

WL. I bedim btx sett contained 
quiet Mews Oat Nr Tube. £1X0 
pwlnd. Ol 387 1699. 

WnllAi EDOM. Mode r n 2 bed flat 
with gge nr itn. £125 pw. WU- 
IWras to Son 01 947 3130. 

■DLL. 3 bed hse- all 
faculties, offers over c 2 O 0 pw. 
Nig el Holder 01 883 3265. 
MENSmeTOH WS tetral bed k&b 

Ch tv pan C13S pw 0722 72639 

WIT.TSTOHC N20L Dr lightful 5 
bed fully furn h*e. Lge recep. 
lux At kit. Sun ierr. Ch. gge. odn 
£200 pw TJPJ4 OI 446 2025. 


M A W! I A- Lux vtba with pool 
S tpa.7. Aran June 10 SegL Ql 
409 2838. VBaWprtA 



tolOO OFF TURKEY. 3.1Q.17JM 
June. l/2wks. B/B or s/e 
accnm. Ol 891 6469(24hru. 
Taudsn DrUgW Holidays. 
ATOL 2047. 


... »n 

French bnHy. Good food, in- 
Sheeted home*, ransnet * 
■ingles all ages. Ako Study A 
Houseprity Centre*. Seaside 
Teenage Croons to Cookery 
Weeks. S_a r eb Famine Agen- 
cy. Q u ee n * Lane Arundel. 
fRAMS SMEIBA. Swfc. fMty tn- 
durive tourney London Tokyo. 
Moving 29 a. 21 8 to 18.- 9. Fly 
to Moscow fooow me oldest rail 
route 10 the Eul SaH The Sea 
Of Japan to Yokohama. £990. 
Traimnderv 10 603 151 ft 
SAhra. DepLTS. 4ft Earts Com 
Rd. W8 6EJ. 


Manuon-Apartmeiii* to cottages 
u 20 acres -Sandy beaches. Rid- 
ing avail. Restaurant to bar. M- 
Caranan- 023.987 606. 


Form fuiows fund ten. The 
ongmaf Porsche wjtm. New 
COM £450: WIB aWPt £300 
Otto. TO; 01-741 5272 eves. 


Tremendous value. Superb 1 
bed fulty serviced flat TV. 
Minimum tel 3 wks. Aylestoro 
to Co '351 2363 

MB AREA. Luxury 1 bedroom 
fhL hottday and company lets 
tody £160pw. TeLOI-727 1449 

Brftidi Heart ftxjndafion 

The heart research charity : 

102 Gloucester Place, . 
London wiH 40H 


. CoBociorikHlK) ig kII or CKhuge paiaiiass ft water coiom bjr 
. W.C FbUi RA - Vlaori*, Interior • 

• WiDam Havefl - Family Ponran * 

* **» Rusfcin - FrndfibrCtale. Nortli Byrreft, On-Utf-Tyne. • 

Smelt) Ships Model 51" kkjp i 41V Jrigh. Ex Museum 
tMtonion. (Jtww Royal WbitaKr Hurtling Vase 2QVT hi^i 
With Htmthtg Dogs. Slags ft Wild flow. No dealers. 

TELEPHONE 0733 265608. 

Minute* from 
tike, one bedroom. luxury 
fully ruidPMd fteL padu Imtne- 
fflaJWy available 36 months. 
£100 pw. 01-221 0533 mm. 

MOMBATE, 2 bed ardM OaL 
nail July l-3inonUis.£&OOm 
HW. TO 348 1208. 

central London from £326 Bur 
Ring Town Hw ABts 373 3433 

Kensington, cal TV 24<tr <wbd, 
Ux. CouihObara Apia 373 6306. 

ST JAMES 8WL Luxury 2 bed 
fulty ImMM am-tced apt nr 
park. 01 373 6306 m. 

5W1. Channtng. oorrnr time 
how. ige Imacr. 2 beds, 
recra- CH. fiaonw 83* 0178 


HAMMCRStfmi Prof F rmder 
29. 0/Rsn In lux flat iSOOpan 
exd Apply Eve* Ol 7*8 7366 
ATTRAC sunny rm. Mlghgnte. 

S t wri ou * accom nr itte. 1 prof 
' pen. £46 estd 883 6290. 

KENMMOTOMnriite. nlemenri 
tra naunjcrowBi*. w/ 
etc 120 pw end M 462 6613. 

BOLWMM 12 RUM Victoria. City 
24 ♦. W/6. share mixed home 
. o<r £02-00 exeturive pw. TO 
Ol 670 7049 (eves). 

ICWBUMV PARK. 2Smtns Liver- 
pool SL Tube. t w ao e U am hae. 
«. r. pof M.'F. asdll Juk 22. 
EI32POU TOUl 690 0470 

Prof. M/P. 24+ 
for O R to true ahd lux flat- 
1260 pan toe TefcOl 370 1361 

ft 2B Pro* m N <5. macro C.H 
hae. Own mi 15 m vtc/t_ft 
£25.00 pw inc. Ol 609 8881. 

XU Ctote RR. wn. O/R. doe 
lover. E60PCM * £60 tea Ol 
852 6592 2stom Ibun to fri 

2 bra. lux heme, dose 
Wimbledon Commcir, Suu prof 
fern. £56 pw each exd. Nr 
HR ."Tote. Tr) 01-786 6666 ex 1 
232 or 642 0392 leveaj 
share nil. o. r. n.-a. c.Ti. £180 
pem exrt. day 623 7511 exl 
4247 eves 228 6832 
BLACKHCATK Prof per Io mare 

noma and fitto wtm M 
. „.r- O/R. CSOpw 
ewi.TO.Ol 318 4916 
CM15 WICK lux mata.hte. shops 
prof M.'F. O R. All mod cons. 
Free park. £195 pan. exa. 379 
6872-fwl 994 9682 «H> 
CLAFHAM COMMOM . Prof m / f. 
own room, to share home, gar 
den. £ 180 pcm rxcfuslvo tetoi 
228 7897 eve and wkentto 
FLATMATES Sctecrhe Sharing, 
wra estab miroducrory service. 
Pfee tri lor appL Oi 689 sa**i. 
313 Hrompfoti Road. SW3 
MORTHOLT. Prof 23+ to share 
house, n. s.o r. lOnunsoantraf 
line £160 pan. Tel. 01-936 
2746 or 01864 2264 icaeai. 
n.-v large oMe room In lux flat 
£55uWIWl lOavlOl -4935239 
TO 201 I Eves I Ol 78E 6896. 
lor lge <hx rm in lux flat Nr 
tube. All amenities £80 pw. 
TeV. 01-870 8666 Piter Turn. 
ST MARGARETS . Twickenham. 
F rcu. ora July, share 2 bM ch 
flat. o.r. aow BP £ioODcm 
exa. «i 891 4230 wkend only 
SW1L prof man 28+ to share 

mimed tuxurious f»i near Bat- 

lerscu Park. £240 pm e*cf Tel: 
228 7262. 

912 own roam to urge sunny 
garden flat GCH. Suit nrofei- 
sfonal M IT. N/8 £185 PCm 
Me. PhWte after 7MW 743 1477. 
WAKSWORTH. dose to 
OteKum Jimcuon. stntfe room 
yotaig pousrhttd of 3. Ring af- 
tee 6 pm. TeL 01 870 2674 
BWMBI.CnriM SW20 prof ro/f. 
n l 2 S+. shrc.hhse. gdn.o/r 
£140 Dchitnci 01-5407915 Af- 
ter 6 . 20 TO 

WMKE5TEM PARK 20 mto* Wa- 

ter loo pref F s-r.lox ««- nr 
Sin. shorn. £250 pern. Id 330 
3923 eve. 

2 Attractive o/r. £1 10 and £122 
pm No id Os. F n. *. Upton Pk. 
20 min Crtv. 01-470 022ft 

BELSRAVU Comfortable flat 

own room. £325 pen. TO 01- 
235 8349 evea 

CM&SCA SW3 Large serviced 
room. Mon to Fn. Suu Mi*. 
£45 p.w. Reply to BOX H98 . 
CLATHAM 8W9 WTUI toam 10 tet 
In tharrd house. £160 pem 
Phone 729 6950 alter 6 ooptn 
CLAPHAM prof mate. 30+. o r m 
house, ah mte com fi<6 pm 
nut Tel-OI -730 0333 
EAST DOUnCH 2 run to soa- 
ooui hse. CH: wm, e. pref 2 r. 
n S. CiOCZTPY/ 659 2021 
Mour. pmm to marc fra 
O.R. 2 min* Tube. £40 pw 
WI. TO: 01-445 5637. 
FULHAM Prof per share tor toe. 
with two others. Own room. 
CSSow rod. Tek 221 2661 day 

MI Ctoioobury. 3rd. n/s. 20** to 
mare tmxra Hat. £196 PCM 
Excl 399 6428 alter 7pm. 

FMOF n. a. 30+ to share lax 
house N4. o,r. £200 nan tocL 
TeL 01 -800 5802 tetter 6001 ). 

SWIM Prof M/T. o/r. share lux 
hsr nr tube. N s. LI 80 p.r-tn. 
Exrt. TO 01 874 2726 

SNfl. Prof person In share tuxurt 
oua (UtL Every amenity. £79 
pw. TO: 01-630 9767. 

MMXS Second prof f N/S. O/R. to 
charming ifcrt. £16600 per 
month exd. Tel Ol 223 6071. 

TEMP FLATSMAKC 2-3 months. 
Oourtnekl gardens Otrt 22* 
£4* P W.tnc. TeL370 7055 eve* 

W2. Lux flat, n.-*. own dble rm. 
hath eiradlr. £80 pw. 630 1300 
ex 205 day. 262 1373 eves 

WMOftEDOH. super date bedrm 
to comfortable wen furn fry nr 
VIA. £80 pw. 01 947 3130 (Ti. 


keener cook, gardeoer 

• handyman required io manage 
friendly private home wiih 
large garden In North London 
CreenbelL Daily cleaner fm- 
ptoyrd. Nonpruokens. dog 
lovers, own detached cottage 
and car supplied. E xce llent M*a- 
ry References req u ired. Reply 
to BOX AI5 . 

We require a confectioner with 
proven experience and ability 
m making **Suhan AslU" and 
other Middle Eastern sweet*, 
pasirvm and delicacies. Mini- 
mum of ao hours p.w. Salary to 
be negotiated Apply with C.V. 
to Mrs Jay. village Fayre. 2 
Leeway Close. Hatch End. Pip 
ncr. Middlesex 01421 0365 

Law Report June 5 1986 

Time limit on ban 
on use of 

secret information 

. . K. Close CHy 
& Heathrow. Tube 6 Bus. Quirt 
weu fumtehed flat 3 dble beds, 
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Rogfcr BnBmnt Ltd and Oth- 
ers v Ellis ami Otters 
Before Lord Justice May and 
Lord Justice Nounse 
[Judgment given May 23] 

Where a person had unlaw- 
fully made use of confidential 
information belonging io his 
former employer, thereby gain- 
ing a springboard of unfair 
advantage in compering wiih 
him, and the former employer 
sought an injunction restraining 
the ton feasor from contracting 
with persons whose names ana 
addresses formed pan of (he 
unlawfully used information, 
the injunction should last for no 
longer than the unfair ad vantage 
could reasonably be expected to 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in a reserved judgment, allowing 
an appeal by the first four 
defendants. Mr Michael Frank 
Ellis, Van-EHe Construction Co 
Ltd. Mr George Gibson and Mr 
Thomas Brendan O'Connor, 
from an order of Mr Justice 
Falconer in the Chancery’ Di- 
vision on August 6. 198S, 
restraining them until afer judg- 
ment in the action or until 
further order from entering or 
fulfilling any contract with or 
through any person whose name 
appeared on a card-index re- 
moved by the first defendant 
from the posession of his former 
employers, the plaintiffs. Roger 
BuUivam Ltd, Roger Buliivant 
(Midlands) Lid and Mr Roger 
Buliivant, while he was still 
employed by them. 

Mr John V. Fitzgerald for the 
defendants; Mr Leolin Price. 
QC and Mr Graham Shipley for 
the plaintiffs. 

said that the card-index which 
the first defendant had removed 
and photocopied bad contained 
confidential information which, 
pursuant to his general implied 
duty of fidelity in his employer, 
he had been entitled to use 
during his employment for the 
benefit of the plaintiffs only: see 
Faccenda Chicken Ltd v Fowler 
([1986] 1 AUER 617). 

The index did not contain 
information which could not 
bwfiiliy have been obtained 
from other sources; its value to 
the first defendant was that it 
contained a ready and finite 
compilation of the names and 
addresses of those who had 
brought business to the plain- 
tiffs and therefore might bring 
business to him. 

He could not complain if the 
law could not distinguish be- 
tween those whom he could 
have contacted lawfully (with- 
out using the card-index) and 
those whom he could noL 
It was of the highest im- 
portance that the principle of 
Robb v Green {[1895] 2.QB 1, 
315), which was one of now 
more than lair aad honourable 
dealing, should be steadfastly 
maintained. On the evidence 
anti submissions before him. the 
judge had reached a decision 
with which it would be impos- 
sible for the court to interfere. 

Further evidence had been 
adduced on appeal, none of 
which would have justified 
allowing the appeal. . 

However, the defendants bad 
advanced a further submission 
of law not made below, namely, 
that the injunction should last 
no longer than was necessary to 

dams taking unfair advantage of 
the springboard built up by the 
misuse of ihc information in the 
card index. Such an advantage 
could not last for ever. 

The law did not restrain 
lawful competition, and m 
restraining unlawful com- 
petition it sought to protect the 
injured, not to punish the guilty. 

It was noi right therefore for 
the term of the injunction to 
extend beyond the period for 
which the advantage might 
reasonably be expected to con- 
tinue: sec Poiters-BaUonni Ltd v 
iVestQn-Baker{\\9TT\ RPC 202, 
206-7). Harrison r Project & 
Design (Redcar) Ltd <[1978] 
PSR 8f, 87-8) and Fisher- 
Karpark Industries Lid v Nichols 
([1982] FSR 351,353-4). 

In this case, the dale on which 
the springboard advantage 
would cease could not be pre- 
cisely fixed. If the first defen- 
dant had acted lawfully in 
gaining his customers, it would 
not have been very long before it 
was well known that be and the 
other defendants were in busi- 
ness on their own account. 

The first defendant’s employ- 
ment contract had provided that 
he would not trade with the 
plaintiffs' diems for year after 
the termination of his employ- 
ment' that was a dear indication 
of the period which the plaintiffs 
regarded as reasonable 
They could not reasonably 
expect, and the law could not 
reasonably allow, a longer pe- 
riod for the injunction. 

Had that point been taken 
before the judge, he would have 
been bound to limit the period 
of the injunction to, at the 
longest, one year from the date 
of the termination of the first 
defendant's employment with 
the plaintiffs. 

That date had already passed, 
and the injunction ought there- 
fore to be discharged. 

ferred to Terrapin Ltd v 
Builders' Supply Co (Hayes) Lid 
t[ 1 960] RPC 1 26. 1 35). Seager v 
Copyaex Ltd ([1967] 1 WLR 
923. 931. 933). Coco v A. N. 
Clark (Engineers) Ltd (II %9] 
RPC 41. 50 J. Potters- Ballot ini, 
Harrison and Fisher- Karpiuk. 
and said that it was clear from 
them dial there were a number 
of important considerations 
First, a distinction could and 
should be drawn between 
information which com- 
promised trade secrets and that 
which was merely confidential 
(see Faccenda Chicken). 

Second, subject to the Ameri- 
id ( 

prevent tbem enjoying the un- 
fair advantage which the use of 
the card-index had afforded 

The effect of the injunction 
granted had been to prevent the 
defendants from contracting 
with those with whom they 
undoubtedly could have con- 
tracted without using the 
confidential information. While 
that was not fetal to the propri- 
ety of the injunction, it did 
require the court to ensure that ‘ 
it was not in other resepets 
unduly onerous. 

The purpose of the injunction 
bad been to prevent the defen- 

Time limit in 
driving charge 


Where a police officer discov- 
ered facts that led him to believe 
a motorist to be commuting an 
offence under section 8 or the 
Vehicles (Excise) Act 1971 and 
informed tbe secretary of state 

accordingly, the six-month pc- 

nod for the institution of even if it were, it was justifiable 

proceedings under the pro- — J — . 

visions of section 28 of the 1971 
Act ran from the date on which 
evidence sufficient in tbe opin- 
ion of the secretary of state to 
warrant the proceedings came to 
his knowledge and not from the 
date on which the police officer 
became aware of the facts. 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Woolf and Mr Justice Mac- 
pherson) so held on June 4. 

can Cynamid ((1975) AC 396) 
principles, interim injunctions 
could be granted to prevent 
defendants from obtaining an 
unjust headstart io or as a 
springboard for activities detri- 
mental to the provider of the 
confidential information. 

- Third, in relation to confiden- 
tial information, as distinct 
from real trade secrets, the court 
should be concerned not to give 
the injured party more protec- 
tion than he realistically needed 
or to discourage or prohibit 
what in tbe course of time 
became legitimate competition. 

Where “springboard" interim 
injunctions were sought, the 
judge should ask himself 
whether any injunction should 
be subject to a specific time 
limit, and if so what the limit 
should be. 

It was in most cases incorrect 
to leave it to the defendant to 
seek a further order in order to 
terminate the injunction; it was 
an issue to which the parties and 
the judge should direct their 
minds when the interim injunc- 
tion was first before the court. 

That an injunction restraining 
a company from making unlaw- 
ful use of confidential informa- 
tion might or would drive it into 
liquidation was of itself nihil ad 
rent, provided that the Ameri- 
can Cyanamid tests had been 
satisfied (see Potters- Ballotini ). 
Solicitors: Broadbents, 

Al fret on; Gouldens. 

Residence is 

McAlister v Labour Party 
The Labour Party rule that 
only those people who had been 
resident in Great Britain for one 
year were eligible for party 
membership was not discrimi- 
natory under section l(IXbXi) of 
the Race Relations Act 1976, and 

REMDENT ExpmmcM couple. 
40 man or over mnarra to 
look after large modern house. 
Richmond are*. Ako care of 
vnaH dog timing hmtre re- 
quired and fondness of animals. 
Exrrdral cnndffions and good 
salary offered References es- 
sralMi. Apply Mrs Young Ol- 
486 3661 

under section UlKbKii) to de- 
mand that research assistants to 
a political party and constit- 
uency agents were party mem- 

The Employment Appeal Tri- 
bunal (Mr Justice Garland, Mr 
R-H. Phipps and Mr H. Robson) 
so held on June 4 dismissing an 
appeal by Mr Harry McAlister, a 
resident of Northern Ireland, 
against the dismissal by a Lon- 
dismissing an appeal by way of don industrial tribunal of his 
case stated by the defendant, application alleging that in 
Shaw, against his denying him membership of the 
pany and consequently the 
possibility of attaining the post 
of research assistant, the Labour 
Party had discriminated against 
him in contravention of sections 
1 and 12 of the Act. 

Robert Jan Shaw, against his 
conviction by Camberwell 
Green Justices on a charge of 
using a motor car on the road 
without a road fund licence 
contrary to section 8 of the 197 1 

87 Worn: Stmt- London Wl. 
Td 439 6534 UK • Overseas. 
Abo tn-ftdps-iUBK Iraip. perm 

Au naira from 
*V. Scmtotoa- 

via. Turner Von 

Agency- TO. 01-389 7815 

Consent order for 
more particulars 



DUTCH Au note leaks funny for 
aw moth, Mr. Turner Van 
H*wu Agency. TO: 01-359 


AVAILABLE NOW gratteman fif 
Iks no rommiunaits well- 
lrx«IM. wortdwtee. RM Co. 
Dir. Rid R.N.O.. Rtf T«l Pitot. 
'Farmrr. GansuKanl. win art to 
any NtuaiMn any location 
worldwide Rralv w BOX C73 


seeks employment anywhere In 
L.K Bug nee. studies, licence. 
(rang. Anything ronsktered. 
PttotK 051 428 2881. 

Feans v Davies and Others 

A consent order that a party 
give the further and better 
particulars specified in $ request 
annexed to the order could not 
be construed as requiring that 
party to give only such particu- 
lars as it could properly have 
been ordered to give had the 
request been contested. 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice May and Lord Justice 
Nourae) so held on May 20, 
refusing the plaintiff, Mr John 
Han Feans, leave to appeal 
from an order- of Mr Justice 
Swimon Thomas who bad dis- 
missed his appeal from a dis. riel 
registrar's order that he give the 
defendants all the further and 
better particulars referred to in a 
request annexed to a previous 
order under which it had been 

ordered, by consent, that those 
particulars be given. 

that if a pany sought to say that 
some of the particulars re- 
quested could not property be 
ordered, that point had to be 
taken at the hearing of the 

If the party consented to an 
order for further and better 
particulars, he waived his right 
to take such a point, and was 
obliged by the order io give all 
the particulars sought in the 
request to which the consent 
order referred.- 

It was not then open to him to 
reply to the request that certain 
particulars could be not be 
ordered as a matter of law or 

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variations of 
an a&aHty to 

Mikael Pernfors, aged 22, a : r nanris variatio: 

Swede;, who.-. has spent -four ‘pact — notably an afcal 
: years^uayinga*1l»Umvetsi- - "counter-punch -with • ’■-• 
*¥_ _ ° r Gdoiffa,^bear... Boris cros^coort forehands:. 
w d jir the WimHedon ehaia* ' t£s axedxoaGkrFei 

'V*£L*&*£*$A0M' loscarWnwb^JS 

.Ine 'pencil . chain ptonshi ps kind ofpattqrns piayfiil 
yesterday. In the semi-finals lows make intoesky.Pei 
Pennors will play Henri . Lb- prates . it . djflfcuH ;ifet 
conte- ■ (France), who. bewii- . opponent to-pal4heball 
w«eu _ • Andrei ’• Chemokav and his auick whs and 

His speed -enatfes-PecnJoiS 
to scar iherunbacfc with the 
kind of. patterns piayfiil swal-. 
lows make in toe-sky. Pernfors 
makes it. difficult forhis 

{Soviet Union> and beat him 
0-3, 6-4, ’ 673 . Ivan Lenfll and 
.Johan Kriek had advanced to 
. .the other semi-final a ' day 
..earlier. . -.; ■ 

Pernfors bad an impressive 
record, while playing- college 
tennis ■ ii*' the United States 
'and swiftly rose through; the 
ranks tiff '- toe international 
;tqiir. Ho js. unusual, not least 

■ir'’ •* '•S- ; «!- V' ' - 

new 9HNOLE& amMuhe - H 
Ldctihte’ '(ft) * fie • A GM&ookov 
• '(USSR). 64; 64. *-3; M Perrtfoos 
gw) bt B Becker (W6), «; 6^, 6- 

-finalK S Graf (WG) and G SabatinJ 

(Au^bt A Smith (US> and S Wafefr- 
P6te {l/S), ^2. 6 - 1 ; M Navr*tOova 
,njS)^nd A. Temesa»ari.{Ht»>) te K 
•desdah (U^ arid A Moulton (US); 7- 
• fljT-S •— iv- - -.-• •• - ' 

■ for the Way in wfaidr bespeaks 
.fest, clipped/ English with an 
accent tg at borrows some- 
thing ftom Sweden and some- 
thing from the “deepSouth*. 

- Heis^t8intall,weighsi0st 
101b, spetrts a.crewput,aiKJin 
built dhd looks is reminiscent 
of.Ken JRosewalt In ' his bear- 

and his quick wits aud tactical 
versatility ensure that he is 
always dangerous — whether 
connter-ptmdring'oi' bapjfixtg 
his man m.a swtmy spun web 
of dn^j shot aad passing dot 
or lob. Moreover, he seldom 
misses — unless excessively 

- For a time.he was excessive- 
ly hurried: .Becker, a inneh- 
largerman;ov W p o w ea d him. 
Bui. Pernfors kept nagging 
away. Hisphyacal and meutal 
commitment was totaL Even- 
tually -Becker must have frit 
that he was wasting his .- 
strength. He could' hot hit ! 
through. the Swede's defences - 
often enough and could not 
keep the rallies.- going long 
enough. Becker - could not 
knock his man out. Nor could 
he win on points.'. 

^ *n»e violence that ‘wins 
cheap- points at Wimbledon 
does not mean much on slow, 
shale courts — not at least until 
a player has learned the rest of 
ius trade. Becker is still doing 
that Even when he blasted an 
openingfora winner, he could 
not put-his volleys away, or 
was not supple enough to 
with cutefctunis. ■ _/ 

Too muidi has beenCTpect- 

r - M a kin g a fist of it: Perafim taking i grip a gam^t Bw«ltPT yq flyniny 

oersffy past him and realised bang akin to madness is often he was like a classical musi- 
that tennis was a fer more evident in Leconte Nobody dan who had stumbled into a , 

ing and movement on the' ed of Becker. Towards theend 
other-hand. Femfors recalls- onefeftsony forhimbecacnse 
Andres^ Gfmeno, Shoulders of Ihetired took in his eyes, his 

that tennis was a fer more 
difficult game than it had 
seemed at his golden’ 

evident in Leconte. Nobody dan who had stumbled into a 
(certainly not Chesnokov, per- jazz group. The jazz was hot. 
haps not even Leconte) could They, knew nothing about 

badk, m walks with short steps 
andUratherstiff4eggBdL • 
Pdhfofcs is nimble, neat and 
intense He is given to sudden 

airpf Helplessness. His. plight 
was embarmssing. Repeated- 
ly, Pernfors made him scuttle 

Cassio Malta had two 
match points against Leconte 
m their thinJ set Leconte then 
disposed of Motta, Horado de 
and Chesnokov by 

be sure what he win do next 
Leconte is a chOd of nature; 
always at the mercy of moods 
and impulses. He is hand- 
some, personable and outra- 

Rachmaninov here. Only jazz, 
Chicago style. Chesnokov is 
quick and fit, sensible and 

(. He likes to 
ies— but that is 

o play long 
is difficult to 

intense He is given to sudden ; ihis' : way and that "like a ^ 

skips aqdjOervcHis *Qdy talk, jganused rabbit In squash 
when-aRdly .aids. On. the pattanc^ Pfcrofore Toi^and- 

geoiKly gifted. He can make do unless you can get near the 
tennis look the easiest and bal At times one felt that 

when. Orally ends. Chi the 
backhand he fails two-fisted 
wbentb^balltt Jirar eno ugh- 

solid ground strokes and com- 

shorted him. Baffled by such 

shot Becker watched the win- The cliche about genius 

tennis look the easiest and 
loveliest of games. 

Chesnokov usually had a 
furrowed brow and looked as 
bashful, even glum, as a new 
boy having a bad first day at 
school. Or you could say that 

bombs were exploding around 
Chesnokov ana he was look- 
ing for somewhere to hide. At 
such moments be was not 
playing tennis. He was watch- 
ing it. 


Britajn'-s f pion at Queen's and Wimbto- 

tbp Amaj rart t put Jt “acting ■: don. Now Alfred watcher videos 
fidr while sp<icfetQrs ^hWer at ► of Becker to help improve, his 
.the Bedrenhamlourrtame»\ 1 bis ■ tenie^ ri'bave : beta swdyhag 
week; Waiting for British sao- Connors, Cmren, Becker and 
. CesS.. stories can be .something: Maypoe to ^ee -»hat they have 

• * olfin In fho hvac mwMi* nrmfbnla^ *• M A Ifl i* it .m«<4 

aged 21, beat Jemiy,ber younger 

Swiftly. . ; . , poative.” 

Yesterday it was Lrighton The sun has been hiding 
Alfred's tom to sit ontbe top behind the- dotods at these 
cfcck and enjoya ndepast one of centenary championships and 
the game’s nsmg frghtt. Qavid the toss of a fi^day’s play on 
Ptoe, an Amgacan now 21st m ; Tuesday left Alfred, the British 
the world after improving jus No. 8: vmh-time to contempfaue 
ranking in each of the last five his match against Rale. “I had a 
years, was beaten 6-2, 3-6,45-3 day ^ a h^thiniong about 
toe Weldi champion. Uke his him and thinking about him not 
.«law Bnton^. Stephen Shaw, on wonyina about jiic io toe 
Mnndav. Alfred recoraed ihe. 

Monday, Alfred recorded toe 
best wjn of bis careerin toe fust 
round of. this Direct Line Insur- 
ance-sponsored tournament 
The rankings would Veal you 
to believe that Alfied's-triumph 
oyer an opponent 480 places 
above him was better than 
Shaw’s over Tiro Mayotte, the 
holder, and a mere 202 positions 
better graded on toe computer. 
But rate- does not have 
Mayotte's pedigree on grass and 
erven Boris Bracer can vouch for 
Alfred's tenacity when the occa- 
sion suits him. - - 
At Beckenham last year Al- 
fred came within a tie-break of 
beating the German- who, within 
a month, was to become cham- 

/ ...IN BRIEF : 

slightest,” Alfred said. - 

Shaw’s victory yesterday over 
Bill Cowan. Of (^tnada . nwant 
that he will meet either Nduka 
Odizpr. of N^eria, or Grant 
Connefl, of Chnada, for a place, 
in toe quarter-finals. '■ •' ■. 

The British women, are doing 
weH too. Bdinda Borneo, of 
Bedfordshire, reached toe third 
round but will need to roO -balls 
-off her racket as fredy as her 
name rolls off the tongue ifsfae is 
to progress. Her next Opponent 
is the top seed,. Para Shnver, of 
toe United States And filename 
of Reeves reached toe third 
round even before 'toe Second ‘ 
round was played. Sally Reeves, 

: r- POLOr -: : 0 

' ■ Somerset's Andrew Castle 

tumbled out of the Crowne 
Plaza £16,000 Northern 
championships at Manchester 
. yesterday - bat was then given a 
Davis Cup lift by the British 
team manager, Paul Hutchins, 
Hutchins reassured toe 22- 
year-old that he is still in line for 
the vacant Davis Cup place 
against Australia at Wimbledon 
next month despite his 6-3, 7-6 
defeat by toe American Glen 

Castle frees opposition from 
Stsuarl Bale, Nick Fulwood and 
Stephen Shaw hot Hutchins has 
deariy been d eli g h te d by the 
improvement shown by the 
youngster since returning from 
united States recently. 

Castle put up a brave fight in 
toe second set before Losing 7-5 
on the tie-break and Hutchins 
said “Andrew is fresh, buoyant 
and keen to learn. He's an 
opportunist aod I think be will 
take his chances when they 
crane. The thing that’s delighted . 
me is that he has crane bade 
from the States and been into- 

Wild card slot 

The Bulgarian tennis player better. He’s improved very 

Castle falls before 
getting a lift 

Stephen Shaw, -who toppled 
the world No 17 13m Mayotte at 
Beckenham this week, b one of 
five British men: given “wM 
card” entries to WunMedom . 
The Conner British No l Cotto 
Dawdeaweli, Stnart Bale, Nick 
Fulwood and Andy Castle join 
Bale on the list 
SaDy Beeves b the only 
British woman gben a wild card 
bat four places have been re- 



1 1 ,t7 ^ f t + T7i 1 

Tim WiDtison, too world No2S 
from North Carolina, continued 
his progress to the quarter finals 
beating fellow countryman Scon 

Manuda Maleeva, No 10 in the quickly and althou, 
women's world rankings, has say whether he will 
been given the third wfld card side to free Austral 

place in the DOW. Chemical 
Classic ai Edghaston next week. 

quickly and although I can't yet 
say whether he will be in toe cup 
side to free Australia be is most 
definitely in with a shout.” 

The top seeded American, 

are kept 
in check 
by Hill 

By Peter Bail 

SHEFFIELD: Derbyshire have 
scored 290 /or nine tickets 
against Yorkshire. 

Fora county of generally solid 
virtues, Derbyshire has a 
surprisingly cosmopolitan taste 
in cricketers. As well as the 
statutory West Indian last 
bowler, in necept years they have 
included players from Zambia, 
Kenya, a Maltese-born Soot and 
toe only Dane outside Old 
Trafiora aiid An field, aO mas- 
querading as English qualified 


Yesterday they unleashed the 
buest of their exotic recruits, 
Martin Jean-Jacques, born in 
Dominica and discovered play- 
ing in wildest Shepherds Bush. 
Jean-Jacques, however, had to 
wait to make his mark. 

The more pleghmatic qual- 
ities of Hill, bom in Buxwonh. 
occupied centre stage almost 
throughout all three sessions as 
be held the Derbyshire inning * 
together on a wicket of some 
pace and variable bounce, 
reaching bis hundred in 3<6 

Boycott, watching from mid 
off; may have recognised a 
kindred spirit with admiration 
as Hill defied toe bowlers to do 
their worst, remaining unmoved 

Derbyshire were hugely in his 
debt, none of the other batsmen 
establishing themselves with 
any conviction as Dennis, Jar- 
vis. and Hartley made deliveries 
fly, or, on occasion keep low. 
Dennis, in his first match since 
his serious illness last season, 
extracted bounce and move- 
ment to account for both open- 
ers with fine deliveries. 

That set the innings on a slide 
from which it took a long time 
to recover as Morris, after a few 
torrid overs and some pleasing 
shots, at last eased Sidebotiom's 
frustration going Ibw as the 
bowler approached his thou- 
sandth appeal of the season. 

Morris's succes so r s were even 
less successful, but just when it 
looked as if HiD would be left 
stranded, he found support from 
an unlikely source, the equally 
gritty Viking, Morten sen. 
responding to toe seem ofbanle 
to stay with him until he had 

marilffi hie thrw> fi giiwt 

The pair had put on 60 in 31 
overs when a disbelieving 
Mortensen frO to a bat and pad 
catch to allow Jean-Jacques to 
maire his belated appearance. 
Hill, deariy unimpressed by a 
Minor County career best of 39, 
initially dedded to protect him 
but the No. 11 quickly dem- 
onstrated it was unnecessary, ! 



Patient Clinton 
gives Surrey a 
sound foundation 

By Ivo Tennant 

HINCKLEY: Leicestershire, omitted from Leicestershire's 
wiih 10, first innings wickets in side — toe thinking being that 
hand, are 241 runs behind De Freitas and Gift, both 
Surrey. medium-pacers, are going to 

Surrey, put in to bat and given 
a firm foundation by Oinron 
and Stewart, then lost seven 
wickers for 67 before recovering 
to total 2S4. On a green pilch 
which offered some movement 
off toe scam, Clift and De 
' Freitas took four wickets apiece. 

There were times in his earjy 
days when Cl in ion seemed 

medium-pacers, are going io 
score more runs. 

As it was, they took eight 
wickets between them. De 
Freitas was toe pick of toe 
attack, bringing toe ball into toe 
bar on an even-paced pitch. Clift 
dealt with the tail, dismissing 
three batsmen in one over, each 
one bowled. The absence of 
Butcher and Jesty, both injured. 

M A Lynch c GdJ b 0e 
D M Ward few b Ckfl 

toe squart He has become a a few at toe encL p ‘ unaerca 
steady and consistent scorer 
who brings to mind toe Cricket 

Correspondent writing of ihe NJF akn^*bO^^ 20 

day he awoke at Lord* — toe g S c&ntoo c wtutakar b D b F roos . 73 
luncheon bad been good— to see A jstawartc pww bBenjamm — 56 

that John Edncfa had moved to « * (^^££ e FrB ^* \ 

a century. He knew without AHco^gmrntrrr . ** 

asking how he had scored his tc j Retard & eer^smta \ 

runs. 8 

A Clinton innings is like that, ® Jutaybcln ^ — 0 

not, of course, that he is as good *p i Pocw* c Boorfb DeFretm” n 

as his left-handed Surrey prede- Bms (b i. o 17. ws, nb 8) — _si 

cessor. He nudges, hooks, de- Total (ioo overs) 2S4 

fleets to fine-leg and guides toe II s -; !^f- !H?Z' 4 ' 

ball thrmieh the eullv area. At 185.5-105.6-198.7-215, 8-215. S-215, 
^ BOWLING; Aonew 18^-41-0; Benjamfe 
the seasons end be has an 13 - 3 - 50 - 2 : cifi 30 - 10 - 70 - 4 ; ds F reitM 28 - 
averagr of around 40. Yesterday s-67-4; w»ey 3 - 1 -&O; Potter 2-o^a 
hcnadc ! 73wi I l,ni n cfbu IS ir.52 u^cestekshke fw ^ 

ov ? rs - J ,, . L Potter nor out 8 

Stewart scored 56 with seven r a Cobb not out 2 

boundaries. Several of his back- ExtrflS Ob 1. rfe 9 3 

foot drives raced down the slope Total (0 wtet 4 mers) 13 

“ ' his „,5f Dd 'ji I1 P!fS" « pbSpVj SS to 

mmnd, ated wen outside w K R Benfanan aoO J P Agnow to bat 
Hmckiey. This is Taylor's home Bonus pons: Leicestershire 4. Surey 3. 
ground. Sadly fra- him he was UtrqunsJ Holder and A wnwbB»t 

Athey on top 

By Alan Gibson 

BRISTOL: Warwickshire, with 
all first-innings wickets stand- 
ing. are 320 runs behind 

Warwickshire won toe toss, 
and put Gloucestershire in, 
presumably because the pitch 
looked green, though in fret it 
played pretty well Stovold was 
caught in the slips when the total 
was 12, but Wright and Athey 
carried on without much bother, 
until Athey was also caught in 
the slips, at 78. From what I 
have seen of him this season, 
Athev is batting very weft- 

drive too many. Then Lloyds 
was very' well caught at mid- 
wicket, a falling catch. Graveney 
was leg-before first balk which 
meant three wickets had fallen 
at the same total, 314. At 325, 
Payne was out aod then 
Lawrence was caught at toe 
wicket; toe innings ended at 352 
in the 96to over. Gloucester- 
shire had done better than they 
had probably expected when 
they started, though not as well 
as they had looked like doing 
during the fifth-wicket stand. 
But the Purpureous Basil's ears 

they is batting very well. me rurpureous aasn s ears 
ossioly he was out because of w f n T a Pleas”* shade of mellow 

.. o— ttw t ft awi n 

*X J Barnett c Barstow b Dermis _ 19 

IS Anderson cBafrsUMrb Demit 3 

A HD not oat 116 

J E Morris few bSJdebOOoro 24 

B Roberts gloVabJarvfe - 11 

-SMBarbPHvitay 19 

RShwmKwbJsnitB 16 

1C Mwp tes b Jarvto .. 12 

M A HcSdTOe Hanley t> Don* It 

OHMorlenMncJvvtabCnrrfc* 9 

MJewJaxxiueanotaat 2 

extras (b 7. nb 19) _2B 

. Total {9 wfets. 100 oven) 288 

FALL OF WKXETSsV-8.2-St. 3-81 ,4-S? 
5-130. 8-163. 7:195. 8*16. &-2S6 
YORKSHIRE: GBojcott, M D Mown, K 
Sharp. A A Metcafte. J O Love. fO L 
Babstow. P Carrie*. A SidaboHom, P J 
Hartley. S J Dennis and P W Jarvis. 
Bonus points: Yorteehfca 4. Derbyshka 3. 
UmpkecJBMembaw and JH Hams. 

the raeanderings of Bill, toe 
Vendor of Newspapers (known 
here as the BVN) behind toe 
bowler’s arm. 

Wright was bowled at 132, by 
M union, a young man of 20, 
who was bora in Melton 
Mowbray, and looks capable of 
cooking a few pies in his time, 
with his frst medium bowling. 
And at toe same total, 
Bainbridge was caught again in 
toe slips, by Amiss, whom toe 
Purpureous Basil, next to whom 
1 was .sitting, called the Ven- 
erable Bede. But Curran and 
Lloyd played handsomely, toe 
pitch did not give much help 
either to spin or seam. 

It was a sunny morning but 
became chilly in toe afternoon. 
There was a small, quiet and 
faithful crowd. At tea, the score 

pink, a sure sign that 
Gloucestershire were having a 
good day. . 


A J Wright b Mutton 43 

A W Stovold c KaBctwran b Parsons 9 
CWJAthaycKaBctarenb Smith _ 37 

PBainbridgoc Amiss b Parsons 30 

K M Curran c As* b Parsons 92 

J W Liriyds C Lloyd b Munton 79 

fR Payne cKaUcltarTBnb Smut 2 

*0 A Graveney few b Munton O 

D V Lawrence c Hifripege b Parsons . 9 
tRC Russel cAsrtQnb Parsons _ 14 

C A Walsh not out 1- ;-."9 

Extras p 5, lb 16. w 2. nb 5} JB 

Total . — 352 

FALL OE WJCXETB: 1-12. 2-78. 3-132, 4- 
132. M14. 6-314,7-314.8-325. 9325. ID- 
392. ■ 

BOWLING: Small 21-1-68-1. Munton 234- 
7B-3; Persona 26^-6-75-5, Smttr 5027- 
1. Moles 11-2-32-0: GSord 9-031-0. 

WARWICKSHWE F irst fe rings 

T A Lloyd DO! out 23 

P ASratoi not out 8 

Extras (nbi) i 

Total J11 overs) 32 

27 s ^63-4. ^ ^e ovrrs, and TOBATAIKMDchanan.OLAmlBS.tGW 

Warwickshire had frilen back to 
a defensive field. 

The fourth batting point was 
duly obtained, but Curran was 
caught from one ambitious 

Htmtpaga. Art or a J Moles. G J 
Parsons. G C Small. T A Munton, *N 

BwmJjto Gloucestershire 4. 
Umptres: H D Bird and A A Jones. 

By Richard Streeton 

WeUs Playtd several con- 
7 ^ or ^ 3ur WKkets fident strokes off his legs but was 
against Kent. caught behind when he drove 

Two early wickets for Aider- loosely against Jarvis. Reeve, 
man suggested Sussex would the lughtwaicbman, was caught 
struggle on a damp pilch yes- at silly point from the day’s final 
today, when play was finally ball. 

possible in mid-afternoon. Following Tuesday's heavy 
** aricer b ® w T rainstorm, a start was only 

ever, addai 99 for the third possible at 330 after the cap- 
wiocet with purposeful batting taras agreed to jrfay on the pitch 
ana stemmed any threat of a used in the previous match with 
senous collapse. Worcestershire. The weather al- 

. Parker, especially, looked in 

good form. He began carefully towed only five hours, play i 
and was always res p e c t fu l to that fixture and toe pitch wi 
Underwood. Slowly, though, toe oot badly worn. The run-ups f< 
runs started to come, particu- the strip prepared for Sussex 
lariy with his favourite strokes visit were so wet that withoi 
either side of cover point. When to is compromise, there wouJ 
Alderman returned, Parker have been no play, 
drove four fours off the Austra- Kent s decision to field ws 

Iian and tty the close his quickly rewarded when Susse 
undefeated 66 i wl n d ed 10 lost two wickets with only seve 
boundaries. scored. The pitch itself was so: 


Border hits Notts V Somerset 

another attr^tbridge 

111 SOMERSET Frotlmiius 


Aflan Bor der hit his second iV a ftffia’ b^^IZZZ.^ 

successive century m the RjHgmennotouiZI i 

Bn tannk: Assurance county Extras (b l. ib7. nb 2 ) i 

championship on the way to „ Tota P»te] ® 

maki no 150. as Essex's batsmen ® eas ® IBO ovbtk 312 for 3. 
made BCRoso.VJMwto.tflBfitt.JGamar.i 

5 wwhm* HDrad98andNSTaytorBb8t 

work hard for tlreu- crumbs of fall of wickets: 1-88, 2-195. 3-213. 
comfort at St Helens, Swansea, 


England place Cosmopolitan 
is Hick’s Chopendoz 
first priority secure victory 

wSSSuc-, poOfic 11 ^ M 

Tf^^Tronhv' Hick, rave Beresford, Cbdy Forsyth, and 
«r HL 1 Antonio Galvan, spearheaded 

toe 6-4 victory which. Bryan 
Morrison's Royal County of 
of the Zimbabwean squad in Berkshire team, Chopendoz, re- 

^!SiSilS 5pa S lSe r5fv b0 ^ cnredag^GmKrark 
of qualifiang, fo play for when the ttuarter-finals of toe 

“8*80“- Queen's uid continued”- at 

Laker memorial 

The memorial service dor Jim 
Laker, the late former E ngland 
and Surrey offspiimer, will Be 
held at Southwark Cathedra! on 
July ll. - - ; r ■ 

toe 6-4 victory which Bryan 
Morrison's Royal County of 
Berkshire team, Chopendoz, se- 
cured against Cowdray Raric 
when the ttuarter-finals of .toe 
Queen's Cup, continued'' ■ at 

Windsor yesterday- - - ■ 

•' .Cowdray' Park, strongly 
pivoted on the Brazilian ei^t- ■ 
goatee; j SlMo ' Novaes, and j 
backed, by.. toe.'veteran. Pail-; 
Withers; who was ia fine form;. 1 
put up a gallant fight. . .• 1 

I * By John Hennessy 

l- ' Three sons of distinguished all expectation, for he seemed 
golfers • played distinguishing from the start hell-bent on 
roles in toe amateur champion- winning out in the country. He 
ship at Royal Lytham and St won the first two holes and bad 
Aimes yesterday. They were the third ax his mercy, on in two 
Jack Niadaus, son oftoeArneri- with his opponent stiH 100 yards 
can Master, Gary away. But Muscroft, having the 
Wolstenholxrie, son of Guy, and advantage of wily paternal 
Richard Muscroft, son of caddfesbrp, played a delicious 
Hedley. AD three won second sand iron to six indies and 
round matches, having received McGimpsey, perhaps unnerved, 
byes in toe firsts .. . took three putts. 

; - Muscroft stood primus inter But toe Irishman seemed to 
pares, after a superb victory ‘ have re-established his aulhor- 
. over toe Irish holder of the title, rtyby the 12th, whereupon he 
Garth McGimpsey, from the suddenly lost Tour boles in a 

next twice tangled with the 
rough at the fourth to go one 
down and Nicklaus then strode 
relentlessly ahead. 

parlous position of three down 
unto six boles to play. 

was a day of general 
upheaval .Four other leading 
p layers to fall at their first 
hurdle were Dana Banks, the 

Champion move 

Cannons did* toe - National conversion 
Premier League Champions, fifth cfaukfc 
have joined Dunlop. Sprat in 5: In toe 

' Chopendoz never lost toetead j hnrale were Dana Banhe. the 
which then" handicap ad vautagE.i .leading qua l i fi er and top seed, 
nave ibem. before toe. encounter FColin Montgomerie, a Scomsb 

row, twice throagh his own 
feflabtlity and twice to long 
birdie putts. The. 17th brought 
them to all square,' Muscroft 
getting a five iron flier on to the 
18 to teCv and three more Irish 
putts on toe 19th, originating 
perhapsfrom Muscroft’s beauti- 

raDy judged chip from the back 

gavetoem before the ^ encounter rCoJm Montgomerie, a scomsn perhapsfrom Muscroft’s pea un- 
began.- A 6Qtyard : penalty . . Walker Cup player, Dick tufiy judged drip from toe back 
conversion by- Witoer^itt foe' Sderowf twiceafbcmer winner or the green, completed 

fifth cfaukka dosed the gap to4-' for the United States, and David McGimpsey’s despair, 
i ln toe sixth, however, toe Carrick, toe Scottish champion. . -Nicklaus piayed formidable 

have joined Dtmlop. Sport in 5- in the sixth, however, toe Carrick, toe Scottish champion, 
supporting the 'grass-root* Chopendoz No. 1, Galvan — The bad luck iff the draw, 
squash tournament Champion riding ibe grey mare, Lagos, bne however, had matched Camck 
of Chamnons that, begins, at of Morrison’s fleet-footed Ar-r agwna. Peter Bator. -the rang 

of. Champions that, begins, at j ©£ Morrison's fleet-footed Ar-r 
several London venues on Sat- ] gentme ponies— raced down the- 

thriay. Dunlop picked up toe 
sponsorship late last month 
when world champion Ja hangir 
Khan ended his patranager of toe 
fast-growing, summer tour- 
nament, Cannons are offering to 
include .the male and femme 
winners . .- in then - • National 


back-hander to provide toe 
-victors whhtoar derisive nar- 
gin of victory.'. . . 

-Th^evenihgdueL.a quarter-, 
final -' for toe tournament's 
subsidiary challenge, toe Alfred. 
DnshHJ Cbp, Much . was - tie-; 
vdeea. Rosatnundo and La 
rpanema. was . wjn by La 
Ipanema by six goals to five. ' 

against. Peter Bator, -the rising 
starof English golf (if be has not 
already risen), m the und. 
. McGimspey's defeat defied 


-Nicklaus piayed formidable 
golf to be levd par for 14 botes 
nr a strong wind and beat 
Laurent Lassalle, of France, by 
five and four. Lassalle won toe 
second with a birdie three, 
drove on to toe railway az the 



towed only five hours play m Extras (bi.wi.nbs 
that fixture and toe pitch was Tot* (4 w*as.4£5ov 

not badly worn. The run-ups for fall of wickets: i-< 
toe strip prepared For Sussex's ruWmBnntl 

visit were so wet that without 1 

this compromise, there would Pigott. 
have been no play. kent: m r Benson, s 

Kent’s derision to field was I av ®?* N ~ T °y tor - "S.* 
.^ he * 1 . Sussex 

lost two wickets with only seven Bonus points: Sussex a 
scored. The pitch itself was soft umpires: J H Hampshire 


and yielded uneven bounce and 
Alderman's swing was also 
helped by the heavy doud 
cover. Green gave forward short 
leg a catch from toe first ball be 
faced; Lenham edged an 
outswinger to the wicket keeper, 
as he played an indeterminate 

SUSSEX: Rrat tarings ■ 

N J Lenham c Marsh b Alderman 4 
A M Green e Hlnks b Alderman _ 0 

PWG Parser not out 66 

A p Vitalise Marsh b Jarvis 35 

DA Reeve c Cowdrey (CS) b Jarvis 5 

Extras (b 1. w 1. nb 5) 7 

ToMl f4 wkts. 45J5 overs) 117 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-4. 2-7. 3-106. 4- 

TO BAT C M WeBs, D K Sanding. "11 J 
Goiid. QSU Roux. A M Brerin. ACS 

KEKT: M R Bonson, S 0 FGnkS, C J 
Tavar6. N R Taylor, *C S Cowdrey, Q R 
CowtJfoy. C Pam. fS A Marsh. T M 
Alderman. 0 L Underwood. K B S Jarvis. 
Bonus points: Sussex a Kent 1 
Umpires: JH Ha mpshire and NT Flaws 

Notts v Somerset 


SOMERSET! Fret tarings 
•PM Roebuck not ori. 182 

N A Fafton C Rice b Cooper 51 

J J E Hardy c Broad b Pick 48 

I VAfWmib Cooper -- 5 

R J Harden not out 75 

Extras (b 1.107. nb 2) 10 

Total (3 wtas) 350 

Score at 100 overs: 312 lor 3. 

B C Rose. VJ Marks. fR Bfit*. J Gamer, C 

H Dredge and N S Taytor to M. 

Scottish SSt , 

Dundee UriHeti . midfield foot- porsvihtft a C Berestord.# 

bailer. AJex V Taykw. out. of . .. 

football fw tite pasc > s^J 
because eff a disraite widr his j>,W6}wsm.' 

ctob,: today for \ VMB&T Qlfkfc 

Scottish PitmnW. Division sid«L ^ SMa**» 

HamOtcm. Thefoemayfeaycio ROSAiflh&O: i. b Peart 
be decided by a tribunal. : {S3kOSohektop>3ack 


COWWarPAML* 1. Cfihmcn. 
ILffiue (A -3. ;&J*j«aas .(S>: ; 

ftgl Z - **■ : NAtKNALLEAQUfePc 
iajtecfcR. .Sctxjflaa ii). Haclcwy 
: M»tan Kawus 47 UCWt 
l R Traffic B*nVsilwlmtil«Jcn31 
mwaT®. r tacktarata. . • ■ - 

•• ii. K St 

Njw YotKbtaw 4; Los An ari tt DodgM-tl. 

FMaosphta PhOre 4; 9t Lore Ge$uris a 
Houston Asms 1. San Frincwo Gantt 7. 
Moral Expos 6. 

Return trip 

Scottish striker George 
McCTuskey. freed fcty Leeds last 
month, has signed for Hiber- 
nian. He joined . Leeds from 
Celtic three years ago and his 
arrival brings manager John 
Blackley's signing tally to five 
since the season’s end. 

yesterday. Having chosen to bat, gom 
Essex soon lost Handie and f~?~: 
Prichard to Moseley, but that French 
was to be the extent of Afford. 
Glamorgan's success for some 
time to come, as Border and srirei 
Gladwin settled before laying . 
the foundation to a big score. Urnpre 

With Radford beading a trio 
of fest bowlers, Worcestershire 1 
mo vod speedily and successfully 
in an - attempt to unsratle 
Middlesex's under-strengto side 
at New Road. By lunch, £JTJ 
Radford and Pridgeon had ac- 
counted for Slack, Butcher and rob*, 
Radley. *c t a 

Yet, Carr came to lead the i£p% 
tower echelons through the cross gPHu 
fire, and in moving mi from a arcs 
maided halfcenlmy to 84 not pc/*- 
ouL it bad been chiefly through ^ 
his influence that Middlesex Toa 
gained a measure of respectabil- 
ity at 244. Radford's lively £Ai±c 
bowling brought him five wick- bowl 
ets for 80. Pridgeo 

At Trent Bridge.' Roebuck ntagwo 
made 162 not out, his best 
performance, and Harden 75 Ts £° 
not out, as Somerset made dbd£ 
merry in making 350 for three dm&t 

Roebuck's cautious beginning r™ 
might have stemmed from sur- 10ta 
prise at having' received an 
invitation to bat first. But. jnTKJ 
having put on 86 for ihe frrst * 
wicket with Felton, Roebuck JJJJJ * 
and Hardy then added 109 for Sonus E 
toe second wicket Urapm 

WnWGHMKHl^ M Mewed, B C 
Broad. 0 WRnM “CEB Rica, p 
Jetoiaon. J 0 Batih. R J Hadtae. tB N 
Franta RA Kck, K E Cooper ana J A 

Bom* point*: Somerset *. Nottnghan- 
srars 1 

Umpire*: D J Constant and D L Evans 

Worcsv Middx 


MlDOLeSEXi First m«a 

A JT Mderb Newport 9 

WN Stack few b Radford 9 

K H Brown c Pndgeon b Radford 9 

ROBuldWrc Rhodes b Pridgeon . 27 

*C T Ftadfoy b Radtord — 22 

JO Carr not out 84 

toP Mason c Rhodes b Newport ... 8 

SPHcdtfosb Radford 30 

ARC Fraser run out 3 

WW Denial b Radford 0 

P C R TutneH run out 8 

E*«» (tb 25. w $. nb 5) 35 

Total (78.1 overej — 244 

FALL OF WICKETS; Via Ml. M2. 4- 

75,5-99. 6-121. 7-194. UQ| 8&05. 
BOWLING Radford 27 1-5-80-S, 
Pridgeon 18-3-JG-1; Newport 18-3^2: 
Ntagmlh IM-lM: Patal 40-13^0^ 


T S Curtta not out — IB 

D B D’otawe c Carr & Hughes 2 

o m Smith itaw d Hughes — 26 

G A HteA not □« 21 

Extras {p l.a 2, wi. nog 6 

Total {2 wkts, 24 overs) , 73 

•p A Haste. O N Pari.jS J Rhodes. P J 
Nemon, N v Radfonf. K ttngvMithand 

A P Pndgeon tobai. 

Bonus potass: Md^^ )LWaceter4 
Umpns DOOalearand PW Wight 

Glamorgan v Essex 

ESSEX: First tarings 
B H Harem 0 Mosofey 18 

C Gladwin c Davies b Derrick 73 

P J Prichard e Davtoe b Moaatoy . 0 

A R Border b Steele 150 

KWfl Fletcher c Base b Moseley 67 
KRPombSterte 5 

ID E East c Ontong b Base 6 

N A Foster c Younts b Derrick 30 

J K Laver run out — 0 

JHCMdse Hopkins bMosetey 2 

D L AcfMd not out ■ 1 

Extras |b4,fe 3, w 1, tfeBJ 14 

Total 0 356 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-39. 2-33. 3-184. 4- 
301. 5323. 6-323. 7-340. Htt. MSI 

BOWUNG: Mosetay 263-70-4, Base 18- 
2-81-1. Holmes 6-M1-0: Demck 202-5- 
54-2; Onteng 27-4^0: Steele 164-45-2 
QLAMORQAIk First tarings 
J A Hopkins c East b Lever 0 

A L Jones not out ~ .21 

H Morris not ou 5 

Extras pb 4) • __ 4_ 

Total p wtt, 9 overs) 30 

G C Hotmss. Ybuntt Atmu, R C Otittoa. 
J F Steele. J Derrick, E A Mosley, T 
Davies. S J Base u bat 
Bonus pant s: Gtamonun 2. Essex 4. 
Umpres: c Cook andHJuten 

Oxford U v Lancs 


DA Hagan bWa t Wnson 11 

AAQmacRwrerbPttteraon ._. 2 

M J KBbom b Patterson — 3 

G J Toogogd c A&rarmms b Patterson 1 

T Patal cFritey bWatwnson IB 

N v saM c Mantss b wsWnson .7 

R Rydon few b Patterson ...... .. to 

10P Taylor bPausraon - 6 

J D Clurian c MaM n sqn b Fritey 15 

M R Svgrove b Patrarson 2 

*M P Lwaanos n« nta g 

Extras (b 5. fo 4. wi. nbi) ii 

Total 98 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-K 2-14, 3-1 8. 4- 
23, 6-34, 8-47. 7-09, 846. 9-98? 
BOWLING. Patterson 17 4-6-41 -E; 

Maklnson 7-2-TrO: Wattdnson 10644-8: 
Fotey 3-1-5-l: r 

LAMCgSWRE: Fast Inning* 
GFowtercSahrtbToogood . . ib 

G 0 Wendts notoul J 90 

J Abrahams not out* , ffi 

Extras (w5L r J 5 

TotaKi u Kt . . 196 

A N H^rtirat, N H Faliboxhar. x H LkWJ, 
tJ Stanworth. M Watfarwon. J RjBeyD J 
Mektasonand 8 P Patterson to Ca 
Umpxas M Hendrick and DSTtanpsett 

ig its 


ier of 
P ress. 


i APV 
r2p io 
.ed its 
mi io 
i Ben- 
PV al 

a total 
ires, or 

t office 
eni car- 
i is es- 

n pitted 

R RE- 

73p for 
p. This 

rim re- 
ip and a 
;riod to 

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36.1 7p 

Parker and Wells hit back 

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..£ 99.00 

st 5 for 

T . .£49.95 

■in anti moy 

football- underneath the grim facade in 

England’s entry may 
yet be made through 
the world’s back door 

From Stuart Jones 

Football Correspondent 

No one predicted that the 
England squad would be in- 
dulging in mental arithmetic 
an hour and a half alter 
stepping inside the World Cup 
finals. The evening following 
their opening tie against Por- 
tugal in the Technoiogico 
Stadium was perhaps destined 
to be filled with statistical 
discussions but the figures 
were supposed to be wrapped 
around the past. 

England were expected to be 
celebrating their seventh 
successive victory or at least 
their twelfth game without 
defeat. Shilton, already the 
holder of one domestic record 
for the number of caps, prom- 
ised to go even further and 
become the first goalkeeper to 
remain unbeaten in five con- 
secutive World Cup matches. 

Instead they went down to 
their first defeat in the compe- 
tition since the infamous day 
here in the same country, in 
the quarter-finals against West 
Germany in Leon 16 years 
ago, and the calculations were 
being projected across the 
future. The hypothetical sums 
are now bracketed around 
second or even third place in 
Group F. 

For a team that were rated 
as the favourites among the 
European contenders, the 
thought that they might even- 
tually go through to the second 
round via a side entrance, if 
not the back door, is uncom- 
fortable but not unacceptable. 
The French and the Germans 
tost their first ties four years 
ago and fete went on to bring 
them together in their unfor- 
gettable semi-final in Seville. 

Bobby Charlton, whose sub- 
stitution by Sir Alf Ramsey in 
1970 was considered one of 
the principal reasons behind 
the 3-2 defeat after extra time, 
has experienced the deep pain 
of disappointment but he has 
not lost hope. "It is not the 
end of the world," he said on 
Tuesday evening. “It could 
even be the best thing that 
could have happened to 

The potential distraction of 
maintaining a run has been 
removed since England's se- 
quence of triumphs has been 
pulled from under their feet 
As they picked themselves up 
from the floor they held on to 
their positive natures and 
looked forward to the target 
that lies immediately in front 
of them. They must beat 
Morocco tomorrow 

No shadow of doubt has 
fallen across the imagination 
of Wilkins. "We'll still collect 
four points," he stated. "If 
we’d taken our chances 
against Portugal we wouldn’t 
need to but we will take the 
Moroccans and I can see us 
beating Poland in the last 
game as well. This is a setback 
for sure but it has made us 
even more determined.” 

Lineker, who could have 

added two more goals to his 
total of 40 for the season, 
dismissed England's striking 
deficiency as "just one of 
those days. When you heat the 
goalkeeper you don’t expect a 
defender to be running back to 
clear off the line, do you?" 

Evertoa's midfield orches- 
trator remembers an after- 
noon of similar frustration at 
Grimsby in a cup tie a couple 
of years ago. “If we were 
playing now we still wouldn't 
have scored,” he said. “When 
those opportunities kept going 
astray 1 could smell a stinker. 
Sometimes you know that 

National rejoicing 
in Portugal 

Horn-bonking motorists 
and singing supporters kept 
much of Lisbon awake over- 
night as they took to the 
streets to celebrate their 
team's 1-0 victory over En- 
gland in the World Cop. 

Overawed by England's 
footballing history, most Por- 
tuguese had given the team 
lime chance; bat the whole 
country came to a standstill as 
people made for the nearest 
televishm.'The victory was all 
the better for being 
unexpected," one taxi driver 
said. “We should be ashamed 
of the little faith we had inonr 

President Mario Soares 
echoed the feelings of die 
nation when he sent a telegram 
to the captain, Maned 
Bento, warmly congratulating 
his side for their" brilliant 


you're never going to get the 
break that you need." 

Don Howe, England's coa- 
ch. took heart from the perfor- 
mance. He suggested that the 
Portuguese, hugging caution 
by employing a defensive 
formation of nine men, could 
never win the competition. 
“What can they do when they 
go a goal down?” he asked. 
"They can't suddenly change 
and throw up more support 
for Gomes. They just sat back 
and hoped.” 

He claimed that England 
had shown more adventure 
than any other nation in the 
competition so far. “We 
played the way a side must do 
if it is going to Win the trophy. 
If we had played badly, then I 
would be worried. But we 
didn't. We deserved to beat 

■ The optimism is not false. It 
lies like a heavy blanket rather 
than a thin veil around the 
party. The smiles did not 
come easily to the squad's 
faces as they relaxed later in 
their mountain retreat in Salti- 
llo but, underneath the grim 

^MldtvUenisnbjBCttonsaiiilBi Ai nmw for May aist 

26 TOP 



24 PTS £53,730-50 A 

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f7th May 1986-28-0% 

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English mus 

facade, there was an unmis- 
takable snail of defiance. The 
Moroccans should beware. 

“I know how disappointed 
everyone must be at home,” 
Bobby Robson said, “but I 
also know my team and we 
will put it right for them. It 
offends me to lose our record. 
It’s awful but you have to lose 
it sometime and the consola- 
tion is that it happened here 
and not in the knock-out 
stages. We have a chance to 
redeem the situation. 

“1 can tell you the players 
will be in the right frame of 
mind on Friday. We will go for 
their throats. We need goals as 
insurance because Poland, dis- 
appointing and unambitious 
though they were against Mo- 
rocco. will still be physically 
durable and hard to beat. I 
thought the Portuguese were 
frightened of us.” 

Robson is justifiably con- 
cerned about the frailty of his 
central defenders. Not only 
were Butcher and particularly 
Fenwick uncertain in their 
control of Gomes and the 
elusive Carlos Manuel but 
they -were also both booked. 
One more rash challenge from 
either of them will lead to an 
automatic one-match 

Martin, the lone recognized 
cover in the position apart 
from the versatile Stevens, of 
Tottenham Hotspur, has been 
so disturbingly tentative at 
international level that 
England's manager is even 
considering the emergency 
measure or moving the other 
Stevens, of Everton, across 
from right back. As it is, be is 
the one representative who is 
in any danger of not bfeing 
retained tomorrow. 

Nobody denies that 
Ponugal'sgoal, the fourth that 
Shilton has conceded in his 
last 11 appearances, would 
have embarrassed the defence 
of a club, let alone that of an 
international unit. Sansom, 
for once, was left trailing by 
Diamantino and the three 
others in the back four were 
guarding holes in the air as the 
dangerous Carlos Manuel 
stole in at the far post 

“People will talk about 
changes at the back but I will 
not do that, definitely not yet, 
anyway, but it was a bad goal, 
a gift," Robson said. When 
told that a Portuguese delega- 
tion were crossing the road in 
the morning to offer presents 
to the England officials, Rob- 
son inquired whether "they 
might be in return for what we 
gave them today ” 

ENGLAND: P SMton (Southamp- 
ton); G Stevens . (Everton), K 
Sansom (Arsenal). G Hoddto 
(Tottenham Hotspur). T Fenwick 
(Queen's Park Rangers). T Butcher 
(Ipswich Town). B Robson (Man- 
chester Unitea) (sub: S Hodge, 
Aston Vita). R W ffl dn s (AC Milan). M 
Hatefey (AC Milan). G Lineker 
(Everton). C Waddfe (Tottenham 
Hotspur) (sub: P Beardsley, New- 
castle united). 

PORTUGAL: Bento; Alvaro, 
Frederico, Oliveira, Inacio, 
Diamantino (sub: Jose Antonio). 
Ferreira, Carlos Manuel. Pacheco, 
Sousa, Gomes (sub: Futre). Ref- 
eree: v Roth (West Germany). 

How Papin 
got even 
with odds 

Guanajuato (AP) — Until six 
months ago, Jean-Pierre Papin 
was little knowB in bis country. 
On Sunday, he became the toast 
of France by saving the Euro- 
i pean champions from hnmfli- 
atlon against World Cop 
novices, Canada. 

Papin scored the only goal 11 
minutes from time to give France 
a laboured 1-0 victory over 
Canada in their opening Group 
C match. Until February, nei- 
ther Papin nor anyone in France 
for that matter genuinely 
thought be would even be travel- 
ling to Mexico. But an injury to 
Toure suddenly opened the door. 

"I knew the only way to make 
the squad would be to score a lot 
of goals,” be said after Sunday’s 
match. Papin did just that- He 
scored 10 goals in his last six 
matches for Bruges, the Belgian 
first division side. His perfor- 
mances have led Olympique 
Marseille to step in for his 
services for next season. 

Papin, aged 22, made his 
international debut- is February 
I in the scoreless draw against 
Northern Ireland. Before scor- 
j lug that decisive goal when 
gaming his second cap against 
Canada, he missed several dear 
chances. "I thought 1 was 
damned; I thought It wasn't 
going to be my day," be said. 

Papin, who comes from a poor 
background and is used to 
righting against odds, added: 
"All my life 1 have bad to prove 

* vX • .-.3 - *- j* «*»»..'- 

He walks alone. Robson feeling low in a high conntry after forfeiting his un b eaten sequence 

Send in the ghastly clowns 

It began in 1973. That was the 
first absolutely ghastly night I 
spent watching England play 
football on television. It was the 
night of the 1-1 draw with 
Poland, of Jan ("He’s a down”) 
Tomascewski, the Polish goal- 
keeper. and was the first night I 
abased the England forwards till 
my throat was inflamed. 

1 have beta yellingat England 
forwards ever since. True, I have 
also yelled violent fascist abuse 
at all footballing fore ign e rs , at 
all re fere es (men who have vast 
Swiss bank accounts fed by afi 
the enemies of England), and at 
every linesman who's ever dared 
to churn that one of On Boys 
was offside. Bat the choicest 
abuse I have always saved for 
the England players. 

This readied a peak when L, 
and a b ench of other exiled 
Englishmen, gathered round a 
television set at fan- in the 
morning on an island in the 


l. -'i- 



Sooth China Sea to wateh 
England fog tn score 
Spain four years ago. As the 
commentary in Cantonese ham- 
mered on ever more, ever fouler 
invective was haded by all of as 
at England's men, culling into 
question m particular the 
footballing abilities, hair-cot, 
brain, ideological parity and 
masculinity of the wefl-knowa 
English forward, Mah Lee Nah. 

To watch foee to 

Portugal the other night was to 
revive all those powerfel mem- 
ories of nights of horror, so 
many nights when England had 
had all the play and failed to 
score, nights when an invisible 

Bingham worried 
about discipline 

From Clive White, Guadalajara 

Northern Ireland were still A more fitting and touching 
ounting the cost yesterday of footnote naturally belonged to 

Northern Ireland were still 
counting the cost yesterday of 
their poor discipline in the 1- 
Idraw in Group D with Algeria. 
Billy Bingham, the manager, 
was displeased with his team's 
retaliation to the spiteful and 
provocative behaviour of the 
North Africans. 

To add to Bingham's prob- 
lems was the tactical naivety at 
the free kick which produced the 
equalizer. He blamed Hamilton 
for following out the decoy from 
the defensive wall which opened 
a bole for Zidane to drive 
through the equaliser. 

Three Irishmen were booked, 
all in the second half — 
Whiteside. Worthington and 
Mcllroy, the captain, who was 
fortunate not to be sent off for 
ttiddng an opponent who had 
teased him throughout Bing- 
ham said that be bad praised 
and scolded Mcllroy for his 
perform an ce.“Il’s always hard 
not to ream in those sort of 
games. 1 know because I've done 
it myself,” be said. 

Considering the tenor of the 
game, be was fortunate to report 
no more than a head injury to 
Donaghy, who required four 
stitches after colliding 
horrifically with Madjer, the 
Algerian winger, who was taken 
to hospital with concussion. 

Bingham said that Whiteside 
was taken off for his own 
protection after collecting a 
booking rather than because of 
any problem with his ankle or 

With Bingham criticized in 
some quarters for his team 
selection, notably for giving 
Hamilton his first fill] inter- 
national in 13 months, and the 
team's overall disappointment, 
it was an ill-opportune moment 
for talk of financial rewards. 
While newspapers were asked 
rather belatedly, and hardly at 
all properly, to contribute to a 
"players’ pool" there was a 
report that Bingham was about 
to be offered a lucrative contract 
by Af Nassar. a Saudi Arabian 

footnote naturally belonged to 
television. The 1TV recording 
engineer, who at the end of a 
trying day when Northern Ire- 
land received no live match 
commentary, had the mis- 
fortune to break his foot. One of 
bis colleagues dropped a battery 
on it in the Third of March 
Stadium and the Irish players, 
given their first night off since 
leaving 'Britain nearly four- 
weeks ago, were last seen carry- 
ing the engineer, plaster leg and 
all, off to a local discotheque. 


(ToflBnfHm Hotspurt J Meter (West 
Bromwich AlOtanL M Donaghy (Lmon 
Town). J OXea (Leicester CSty) A 
MacDonald (Queen'S Per* Hangana 3 

McCreary (Newcastle United). H 
W orthington Eheffetd Wednesday). W 
Hanteon (Oxford Untied). N Wbtetod* 
(Manchestar Urtted) (sutr C Ctete, 


(RC Peris): O Tl to n e 
LBeRoumi, Mascara); K 
(Porto, suti 

Canadians out 
to impress 

Abasolo (AP) — Two of the 
most experienced members of 
the Canadian squad, Tino 
Lenirri. the veteran goalkeeper, 
and Branko Segota, the forward, 
are keen for the chance to show 
their worth. The pair were 
omitted from Canada’s starting 
line-up in the 1-0 defeat by 
France on Sunday. 

Both have been trying to 
impress the coach, Tony Wait- 
ers, in training. “I feel bad, real 
bad. about the situation," . 
Lettieri said after a two-hour 
practice session. 

Segota played for the last nine 
minutes of the opening Group C 
game as a substitute. 

Waiters has expressed doubts 
about their fitness 

myself. That's why J kept going by At Nassar. a Saudi Arabian waiters has expressed doubts Burocteos; p Paseufli, J vakfeno. 
unto I finally scored." dub. about their fitness RctarMiS Meter (Netherlands). 

French fight to drain Soviet dynamos 


Leon (AP) — Henri MicheL 
the French coach, was still not 
certain yesterday how to counter 
the threat of the "supersonic 
Soviets" when the two sides 
meet in today's crucial Group C 

The French players said they 
were deeply impressed by the 
Soviet Union’s 6-0 thrashing of 
Hungary on Monday. France, 
the European champions and 
the seeded team in Group C 
struggled to beat Canaria, the 
Worid Cup newcomers. 1-0 on 
Sunday. If the Soviet Union 
beat France, they will he virtu- 
ally assured of winning the 
group and becoming the first 
leam to qualify for the second 

"I haven't decided my game 

plan yet; I am still thinking 
about ft,” Michel said. “The 
Soviets were supersonic They 
just swept past Hungary. 1 was 
stunned by the way they kept 
their rhythm throughout the 

"But we have aces, too. If we 
play our game, we can play 
anyone But first we must 
improve our game" 

France will be strengthened in 
defence by the return of Ayache 
and le Roux. Slopyra, the 
forward, is expected to start in 
place of Rocheteau. 

Michel's assistant, Gerard 
Benide. said the way to beat the 
Soviets was lo “limit their 
space, dose them in, pre vent 
them from keeping possession 

and we must cover aB parts of 
the field". 

But some of his own players 
were not so convinced. “If the 
Soviets maintain that rhythm 
until the end of the World Cup, I 
don't see who can beat them," 
said the sweeper, Maxime 
Bossis. “They displayed such 
speed of execution, such collec- 
tive effort.” Tigana said. 

Other French players, how- 
ever. insisted there were ways to 
beat the Soviets. “We won’t give 
them so much space. I am not 
losing any sleep over them." 
Fernandez said. "We can beat 
them at their own game of 
strong defence and .quick 
counter-attacks.” said the cap- 
tain, Platini. 

"We shouldn't really give too 

much significance to their vic- 
tory over Hungary. After 
conceding two goals in fbur 
mi nines, the Hungarians were 
completely disorganized and 
made too many errors," be 
a dftori, 

At their headquarters in 
Irapuaio. the Sonet players 
spent yesterday recuperating. 
Their assistant coach, Nikita 
Simoman. said the players had 
each tost an average of S.&lbs. 
“The key to our fitness is 
excellenrpreparatioD and strong 
training.^ he said. 

SOVIET •UNION (protebte): Desaev; 
Larionov.- Bessonov, Kuznetsov, 
Demianenko, Yetremchuk, Yakovensto, 
Mattflcov. Rats. Zavarov. SettnOv. 
FRANCE ferabt&fej! Bats Amoros. 
.Bossis. -is Roux. Ayscte. Fernandez,. 
Ugan* PtaiM, Grass*, Stapjra, Papto. 

up to having 


From David MiBer. MoafentJ 
performance by was, in my Opinion, ,79 minutes 

force field has surrounded the 
opposition goal, and the best 
En glish players .of a generation 
have taken on an Aspect of 

What's Hodtfie dorag over 
there? What's Waddle doing in 
Mexico? Shoot the centre- 
backs. Bring on Beardsley. 
Bring on Barnes. Bring on 
anybody, it can only be an 
improvement But with every 
passing minute things got ever 
ghastlier, my throat ever more 
sore. It is always slightly 
surprising to find how much ooe 
cares about it alL how easily the 
terrible abase flies into erne's 
month. Football doesn't really 
matter that ranch, does it? Oh, 
yes, it does! I bbuae the referee 

Watching football always 
seems to bring the wont out m 

people. That; I fear, mast be the 
reason why we do it. 




Booms Aires (Rente-) — Car- 
los BOaido, Argentine coach, 
said ye ster da y that referees have 
so for foiled to preve n t vio len c e 
in the World Cup finals despite 
specific instndfons to damp 
down on offenders. 

Bflardo wrote in a column for 
La Nodes newspaper that 
Argentina' leading player, Diego 
Maradbn* was badly hampered 
by fools Is Argentina's 3-1 
victory over. South Korea on 
Monday, echoing' similar com- 
plaints by Tele Santana, toe 
Brazilian coach. 

"One cannot tolerate the way 
Maradona was backed and toe 
gmhy parties are the referees, 
who received numerous special 
instructions to prevent 
violence," BOardo said. 

The 36 referees were given 
strict orders at a two-day com ae 
before the start of the toer- 
naraent to enure that players of 
Maradona's calibre were ade- 
quately protected from violent 

SanNiw kw also wphkvt 
of poor refereeing and Jorge 
Valdano, toe Argentinian for- 
ward, has said referees have not 
heeded a directive to watch oat 
for tackles from behind, player 
pretests and toe position of 
defensive walls. 

. "I hope this doesn't happen 
•gain and that the leaders of 
FIFA carry out their promise 
that everything win kapron 
gradually," he said. 

He said only referees who 

foakTshould work*bf the fottcir 
stages of the World Cop. -. 

Maradona, who is still recov- 
ering from his’ injuries, and 
Italy's marksman. Sandro 
Altnbefii should play vital roles 
in Pnebla when their teams meet 

ITALY: G Gadh G Bergomi, P Herefwwacl 
eSctea^ACaUrtni; BOonO, AdGennaro, 
F da : Napoli. S Sagnq S ABobaB, 

ARGENTINA JprodaWat N PUmptoO: N 
Cteusen. O Ruogen. D Puaarafe, O 
Gane: R Oust shatter*. D Maradona. J 
P Paseufli, JVaMana 

An average performance by 

an average team which missed 
its chances has doused 
Englan d's World Cup ambitions 

in sobering reality. We do not. 
as some of us were saying, tare 
a brilliant teaq)- The hollow 
euphoria of a year's unbeaten 
record against predominantly 
moderate opposition „ was 
concealing the muh-JJat k not 
to say is lost. The whole 
competition, predictably, is as 
yet rather average, and that 
includes England’s next tap 
opponents, Morocco and Po- 
land. They should reach the last 

We hare seen most of the 
le ading teams — this ** 
necessity written pnor . to 
Denmark's and Uruguay's first 
matches — and nobody tas 
grabbed us out of our seats. The 
Soviet Union may have pul six 
passed Hungary, with a different 
manager and players from those 
defeated by England in Tiblisi, 

. but Hungary threw in the toweL 
To be two down in three 
minutes was. said their manager 
Gyorgy Mezey, like being kicked 
in the head. Italy are able but 
inhibited, Brazil exciting but 
fragile, Argentina nO better than 
useful if we exclude Maradona, 
. France mobile but punchless, 
whilst Spain have, literally, been 

N Ireland glad 
of their draw 

The heat and altitude, and 
Mexico's other affliction, of the 
euL have taken theirtoU, includ- 
ing your c or respondent, obliged 
. to measure not merely the 
travelling times between stadi- 
ums, but between public conve- 
niences. The Irish playing 
Algeria, may not hare had the 
dreaded amoeba but looked as if 
they did- in a spectacle more 
un gratifying than England's: 
though they will be glad of their 
draw. Mexico found Belgium off 
form, took advantage and filled 
the streets till first light with a 
celebration which is premature. 

too lare. Robson’s dejected 
mood as he left the pitch, bead 
down, was not of a roan who has 
foiled himself and he fellows 
because be was not good 
enough, but of a man who knew 
in his heart that be never really 
had a chance. The manager 
should bare protected him from 
that misery when he selected the 

| |HlB ’ 

It was an impossible mission 
for Hodge, asked to revive the 
team in a few desperate minutes 
when she damage was already 
done. The intelligent policy was 
io hare let Hodge know a 
fortnight ago. The responsibility 
of replacing an unfit captain was 
upon him. No only he but the 
team needed that necessary 
moment of judgment to be 
taken voluntarily and early, 
ra ther than unavoidable in 

It was evident long before 
Poriugual scored that Robson 
was just another player, as be 
always would be with his back- 
ground of injury, and was not a 
passenger, as was Hoddle. 

The lesson of this defeat, 
among others, is that there is no 
room in the same midfield for 
both Wilkins and HcxkUe, the 
latter's lack of physical resil- 
ience begins magnified by the 
arduous conditions and being 
too high a price to pay for bis 
occasionally angelic passes. The 
situation cries ont for the tenac- 
ity of Reid: For a Ball of 

It was always over optimistic 
to suppose ttatPormgual were a 
hurdle to be taken freely. Had 
they not reached the semi-final 
of the European Championship 
for which England foiled to 
qualify- The past year or so has 
been fufl of concern about 
England's real Quality, not least 
the qualifVing matches against 
Romania which they might wefl 
hare lost 

England did not 
stick to plan 

When Hatdey missed a rim- 

712* • 

*,S T-- 

They may be better than when pic half volley on the for post 
recently ‘ defeated by England, from Hoddle's free kick after 26 

but not that much, even with 
1 10,000 advising ihe. referee. 

minutes and when he and 
Lineker bad throe more chances 

It was oppressively hot and slip by in the first quarter of an 
humid in Monteirey. a city of hour of the second half, it was 
uninitiated grime which makes always likely that England 
Liverpool seem jolly. England's would come unstuck. Waddle's 
manager afterwards Mamed ft is vision for much of the time 
players, which is the extends no further than the end 
straghtfbTward approach, since of his own toe caps as he 
they were the people on the dribbles around with his head 
field. The mast distressing as- down unaware of the strategic 
peel of their unimpressive possibilities, instead of operai- 
performance, however, was not j n g consistently the way Robert- 
so much that Hatdey 'and SOIli of ’ Scotland and 
Lineker proved they are in- Nottingham Forest tried to do. 
consistent finishers or that the h would be helpful if Waddle's 

■ ■ i 
*• * 

■ jxvrt • • 

■,f t 

coicioicBt vi uui iut would DC neipiUl II waoaie s 

defence gave away what coaches colleagues bad more idea what 
always called a bad goaL They . to expect of him. - 

are ah tad when the other side 
score them. It was what the 

ad's jrian was to play 
f'shead. then they did 

score them, it was wnat me to Hatdey's head, then they did 
manager had said three days not stick to it As forthe defence, 
before hand that his captam had Butcher and Fenwick were often 
a 60-40 chance of being fit," in difficnJtyagainst direct run- 

derided to play him, and duly 
received a 60- per - cent 
performance: • • • 

The derision to replace Bryan 
Robson with Steve Hodge 
eleven minutes from the end 

in difficulty against direct run- 
ning by Gomes, Souza and 
Carlos Manuel. Frankly, the _ 
result may be disappointing, but * 
English football should come to 
terms with the feet that it does 
not have great players.. 

Everything to lose 

Mexico Gty (AP) — Bulgaria 
and South Korea both know 
they cannot afford to lose when 
they meet in a Group A match at 
the Olympic Stadium here 

Bulgaria drew 1-1 with the 
defending champions, Italy, m 
their opening game on Sunday 
but were outplayed for long 
periods. A defeat would almost 
certainly end the eastern 
Eoropeans's chances of advanc- 
ing from the group, which also 
in chides the 1978 champions. 
Argentina. South Korea, playing 
in the World Cap finals for only 
the second time, lost 3-1 to 
Argentina in their first match on 
Monday and have still to face 

The former Argentinian coa- 
ch, Cesar Luis Menotti, de- 
scribed the Koreans as 
'"innocent" and said they made 
a lot of m istakes against Argen- 
tina. The Korean camp, under 
their coach, Kim Jung-nam, 
know defeat will spdl the end of 

the team’s already slender hopes 
of reaching the second round. 

Tlie Koreans were bubbling 
with confidence before feeing 
the Argentinians, believing their 
speed would trouble their more 
experienced opponents. Argen- 
tina. however, took the unfamil- 
iar Korean style in their stride. 

The Bulgarians trained lightly 
on Tuesday morning, while the 
South Koreans watched the 
Mexico-Brigjum match. The 
Bulgarian coach. Ivan Vutsov, 
was an interested spectator at 
the Argentina-South Korea 
game. The Bulgarians, eager to 
reach the second round for the 
first time, will be. expected to 
show some improvement. 

The Koreans, while already 
outsiders to progress to the 
second stage, should at least 
avoid the humiliation they suf- 
fered the last time they qualified 
for the finals, in Switzerland in 
1954. On that occasion they lost 
9-0 to -Hungary and 7-0 to 


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1930 61111 lido 930 42SO / 
4ZB9 aqam AMD OUT HI BEV- 
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7 OS- 9 IO. i2i KBS OF THE 
STOW WOMAN .181 3™ 
6.10 A 8 4Q Seats Bookable 


4620 Martin Sco rsese 's 
PTtofwnner -AFTER 
***** ‘1« a.BS. 4. SO. 7.00. 
9.00. Seats bookable m 

******* tel THE HILL 4364366: 
Cinaiu dosed tor repairs- Be-, 
metis m June 6 wKh me 
OycM-wtonino TUT TO 


'\ V'-t' 1 



s television and radio progranunes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter DavaHe 


wnate private detectives 
from Sheffield at 003; 
Cfaire Raynor comrnments 
on neglected children and 
the communication 
problems tfteyaxpertence 
when they start school at 


1fL50 CridMtftratTMtVW 
West introduces coveraoe 
of the first day's ptay (n^ 
the Comhill Insurance 
between England and 
The commentators 
at Lord's are Richie 
4 __ Banaud and Tony Lewis. 
1.05 News After Noon with 
Moira Stuart, includes 
news headlines with ■ 
subtitles 130 Regional 

news. The weather details 

come from Michael Fish 

«S Hokey Cokey. ASee- 
Saw programme tor the 

835 Thames news heatSines. 
9.30 ForSchoote: local 
customs inducting wefl- 
dresstog in Derbyshire 

9.42 How children deal 
. with being sorry 9L54 
Part two of Cesar's Bark 

Canoe 1028 The 
choristers of Gloucester 
Cathedral 1045 Human 
reproduction - birth 11.03 
A GredtfCyprtot wedding 
11.20 The fascination of 
words 1140 Clues to how 

some hospitals came to be 

Cherfe Lnnchi in Film on Ftmr 
. Channel 4, 930pm 

■ •Peter DuffaTs LETTERS 
{Channel 4. 9.30pm) 
exasperated ma.l kept on 
imagining that there would be 
a limit to its toprobabifities, and 
the fBm kept on showing that 
there wasn't l kept on tailing 
myself that the law of - 
averages detected that there 
woufdeventuaBy be a fine of 
dialogue that did not sound as ff 
it came from a B-movie. 

Again, 1 was proved wrong. 1 
knew that tha reason the 
French characters kept 
addressing each other to 
accented English had something 
to do with the fact that this 
was the EngBsh version of an 

Anglo-French fBm, but 
common sense prevented me 
from accepting the 
explanation Js there anything, 
tiien. that can be said to 


favour of Letters tom Unknown 
Lover? if there is .then we 
must look beyond Yves 
characterization as the 
entrapped here and Mathilda 
May S infuriating way of smirking 
to suggest that there must be 
something enigmatic about her. 
We must took, in fact, to 
Cherie Lunghi who , at leastfe a 

good enough actress to make 
us suspect that there must be 
some dark and dangerous 
comers in that pretty iittie heed 
of hers, and that M Beneyton 
might hare been better off not 
escaping from the POW camp 

and taking refuge with her and 
her smirktog half-sister. 

•With more enthusiasm. I 
can recommend the Stan Tracey 

Bath International Festival (parts 
one and two in stereo on 
RadjoS. with part one on BBC2); 

• the final episode of Caria 
Lane's comedy series Breed 
(BBC1 , 830pm) which has 

made a good recovery after a 

shaky start and Harry Waifs 
peerless film about an RAF 
bombing mission to 

SsaSSS 1 ** 

•Radio choice: As wen as 
the Stan Tracey concert there 
should be some good 
listen tog in P D James's interview 
in this week's edition of 
Bookshelf (Radio 4.4.05pm). She 
talks about her new murder 
yam. A Taste lor fleato.There is 
a non-murderous contribution 
from Alistair Cooke, too. 

m fejraa 

varcoeJnciudes The Soul's 
Ransom. I Was Glad, and 
The Lotus Eaters. 

430 Bach (Partita Nofi.BWV 
830: Gilbert, 

harpsichord). 435 News. 
&Q0 Mainly for 

Measure. Presented by 

6), Stravinsky (Concerto f 
piano, wind Instruments: 


Peter DavaUe 




635 Open University: Force 
andWqtenee. Bids at 
f 20 . 

. 9.00 

9-58 Daytime on TWo: canals 
and narrow boats, past and 
present 10.15 Ceefax 
1140 German language 
and people 11.15 Interval. 

1130 International Golf. The 
. Dun MU British Masters 
from Woburn Goff and 
Country Chib, introduced 
by Harry Carpenter. 

SUM Daytime on Two: for four- 
and five-year olds 2.15 
ChUdren perform their own 
■ Javanese gamelan music 
240 David Bellamy traces 
the Impact of the motor 
car on society. 

3.00 Golf and Cricket Further 

of the Dunhilf 

Saw programme tor the 
very youna with Carof 
- 2Ff and Don Spencer, (t) 
140 Cricket Href Test Further 

ff-55 Courageous Cat Cartoon 
1240 Tales From Fat 

. 'a Garden <r) 12.10 

Puddle Lana (r) 1230 the 
SuUhrans. Drama serial 
’ about an Australian family 
during the Forttos. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames news 
presented by Robin 



335 Gran, narrated by Patricia 

2.15 Their Lordships’ House. A 
repeat of last night's 

Radio 4 

On long wave. VHF van arsons at 

535 Shipping. 640 News Briefing; 
Waamer. 6.10 Farming. 


8.25 Prayer js) 

840 Today, tod 630, 740, 
840 News. 645 

and Hardy in a cartoon. 
Mistaken Tdontf-trea 430 

Professor Popper's 
Problems, with Charfie 
Draka (r) 445 Dungeons 
and Dragons, (ri 
435 John Craven's 

Newsroond 5.05 Blue 
Peter. Janet EBis goes 
walkies with Bonrite. . 
Goldie's four month aid 
puppy. (Ceefax) 

5-35 World Cup Report 
. introduced by Bob WHson 
and Emfyn Hughes. 

Scotfand/Denmark game; 
and the match between 
West Germany and 

140 Riptide. The first to a new 
' series of private eye 
adventures. Cody Aden is 
approached by a woman 
who has overheard her 
husband plotting to kill a 
poBce lieutenant Starring 
Perry King. 235 Homo 
g^Sufc. Baked Egg 

240 Something to Treaatae. 
Antiques associated with 
horses 340 A Different 
Kind of Winning. Jodie 
strives far a prize that 
means so much more to 
another. 335 Thames 
nawsheadines 340 Sons 
and Daughters. 

introduced by Harry 
Carpenter; and the First 

Test between England a 
India in the Commll 
Insurance Test Series 
from Lord's. 

6.10 Eureka. Lighthearted 
dramatizations of the 
Inventions of everyday 
things among them, today, 
. the hypodermic needle 
and tne pressure cooker. 

640 FHfrcWn Success SpoS 
Rock Hunter? (1956) 
starring Jayne Mansfield 
and Tony Randafl. A 


and Brymer 
the Coronation 
and the Ladbrokes 
Express Stakes (4.10). 

440 Dancin' Days. Part one of 
a raw drama serial from 
the Brazilian makers of 
Isaura the Slave Girl, ft is 
the story of a woman of 33 
who has been released 
from prison after serving 
an 11-year sentence, 
focusing on the problems 
facing her as she tries to 
reintegrate herself into 
society; fights to regain 
custody of her daughter; 
and her romance with a 

diplomat who is unaware 
of her past 

Business News. 635, 735 
Weather. 74a 840 
News. 73S, 835 Sport 745 
Thought far the Day. 845 
Yesterday in Parliament. 
837 Weather; Travel. 

9.00 News 

945 to Business. Peter Smith 
on retailing and 
franchising (ri 

940 The Natural History 
Programme. Fergus 
Keewig and Lionel KeUeway 
exanwie Britain's nature 
poUcy.They report from the 
MFV Osbourne Bay off 
Skomer Island- 
1040 News; Medicine Now. 

Geoff Watts on the 
health of medical cam fr) 
1040 Morning Stow: Crossing 

Council Exhibition of Musical 
Instruments, and 
Shakewrtet, the book by C 

540 PM: News magazine. 

530 Shipping. 535 

6.00 News; Financial Report 
640 Brainof Britain 19867 

First round: North (rt 

7.00 News 

7.05 The Archers 
740 Any Answers? A chance 
to ak your views on 
some of the subjects raised 
in last week's Any 

7 40 Just For Starters. Advice 


S i iS i 

[fill '"3 fare fiij 



for anyone starting up a 
small business, followed by a 

small business, farrows 
live phone-m. Maqone 
Lofthouse chairs an 
Enterprise special <01- 
580 4411 from 640pm) 
940 Does He Take Sugar? 
For disabled listeners 
and then- families. 

ano ibd noucxns. liuu Star Sound 
Extra. Film magazine, includes 
an interview with Tom Huice. who 
appeared in Amadeus and Echo 
Park. 11.00 Round Midnight (stereo 
from midnight) 140am 
Nightnde (s) 340-440 A Utile Night 
Music (s). 

:cd its 
■nt to 
n Ben- 
. acting 
PV at 

Radio 1 

940 Glyn Worship goes into 
tha BBC Sound Archives. 

3 55K 

540 FUnt Target for Tonight* 

M g 

440 Teles From Fat TUIpfa 
. Garden. A repeat of the 

television advertising to 
which a glamorous 


Garden. A repeat ofthe 
programme shown at 
noon 4.10 Madame 
Gusto’s Circus. A new 
animated series about the 
ownerof the world's 
funniest circus 430 
Treasures of the 
MfndlonL Inter-school 
computer-based quiz 

changing the (He of the 
executive responsible 
forever. Directed by Frank 
Tashfin. ‘ 

840 The FaBs Road -A Kind of 
Limbo. A documentary 
about the people who live 
in the most notorious area 

■ ■ |rt I »i ^ 


of BeifasL They talk about 
the place and tne changes 
that have taken place 
since, and because of. 
The Troubles'. Newsreel 
dips Hkistrate the type of 
unrest the people have 
endured, but the 
programme also includes 
film of the efforts of the 
peopleio make a life for 
' themselves through their 
. -religion, their culture and 
the various community 
- -activities... .... 

9JM MoonKghting. This week, 
.the tfl-rnatehed private 
- - detectives investigate a 
. case of industrial 
espionage and become 
invotvod with laser guns 
and psychics. 

930 Bath International 
Festival, introduced by 
Michael Berkeley. The 

tries to blackmail a killer 
Into murdering his father 
as a birthday treat* ' 
Starring Leaf Phoenix and 

940 TV EymTfiTbi Miners. 
An investigation into the 
rote ofthe Government in 
the coHapse of the Cornish 
tto-mintog Industry. The 
reporter is Peter 

640 Union World. An 

examination of Swedish 
trade unions' decision to 
support the closure ofthe 
country's nuclear power 
stations by the turn of the 
century with the loss of 
3.000 jobs. What are the 
ImpBcationsforthe rest of 
Europe? Trade unionists 
from France, Sweden end 
Britain Join Julie HaH to 
discuss the Issue. 

740 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen. 

730 Comment from John 

Beasant, a writer on Africa 
and the Pacific. Weather. 
840 Woildwise Reports. 
Pressure on the Green 
Belt Investigates the 
creation of green belts and 
why they are threatened 
840 CUb Mix. The quests are 

NichoBs. Reader: HedS 

10.45 An Act of Worship (s) 

1140 News; Travel; Analysis. 
John Ed mow reports on 
the up-to-date Labour Party 

11.48 Vims for Verse. War 
poetry presented by 
Andrew Motion. Readers: 
Ronald Pickup and 
Natasha Pyne. 

1240 News: You and Yours. 

Consumer advice. 

1237 Quote . . .Unquote. With 
Tun Rice. Frank Keating. 
Diffie Keane and Lord 
Oaksey (rXs). 1235 

140 The World atOne: News 
1.40 The Archers. 135 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on Circe and 
Bravo, at the Hampstead; the 
ftm Trip to Bountiful, and 
Guy Vanderhaeghe's book 
Man Descending 
10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Under the Net, by iris 
Murdoch (4). Reader: 
Stephen Rea. 1039 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at and. 

News on the half how from 
640am until 940pm and at 1240 

540am Adrian John 7.00 Mika 
Smith s Breakfast Show 940 
Simon Bates 1240pm 
Newsbeat (Ian Parkinson) 12.45 

a total 
ires, or 

1040 The Wold Tonight 
11.15 The Financial World 

1140 Today in Parliament 
1240 News; Weather. 1243 

VHF (available In England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 533440am Weather; 
Travel 9.05-1 a45 For 
Schools: 945 Noticeboand (s) 

9.10 A Service for Schools 
940 Secondary EngBsh 1 1-14 
930 First Steps in Drama 

10.10 Playtime 1035 Country 
Dancing. 1140-1240 For 
Schools: 11.00 Noticaboard 

240 News; Woman's Hour. 
Danish desserts, 
discussed by Hanne 
Crocker Also, episode 
two of Joan Ungard's novel 

1137 News. 12.00 Closedown. 
VHF only 645am to 
University. Ghent 

1140 Faure Plano Music Eric 
Parkin plays works 

i office 
Cnl C2T- 
l is cs- 


including Nocturnes Nos 11, 
12 and 13. and Bare 

12 and 13. and Bare 
a miles Nos 10. 1 1 and 12; 
1140 Six Continents. 

1240 Bournemouth SO.with 

Sisters by Rite, read by 
Frances Tomeftv. 

Frances Tomeity. 
3.00 News; The Afternoon 
Play. A Confidential 

Agent by Nick McCarty. With 
Rosemary Martin (as the 
secretary to a detective 

1140 Wavelength (s) 135- 
340pm For Schools: 135 
Listening Comer 245 The 
Song Tree (s) 230 Living 
Language. 240 Make Up 
Your Mind. 530-535 PM 

agency In the 
Midlands)and Barbara 
Atkinson (s) 

4.00 News 

445 Bookshelf, with Hunter 
Davies. Interview with P 
0 James, and a contribution 
from Alistair Cooke. 

445 Kaleidoscope. Repeat of 
last night's edition, wtven 
Included comment on Ross 
- at the Old Vic, the Crafts 

Holland and The Vicious 

540 The Orchestra. Mime 
comedian Julian Joy- 
Chagrin In the rote of a 
clarinettist hired, bythe 
mafia to kill a Iti^wanking 
.official to his box at the 
concert hall white flstenlng 
to Rossini's WRHarn Ted 

940 Film on Four: Letters to an 

Open University: 1140 
Haz&tt as Literary Critic. 1130 
Policy Making In 
Education. 1240-1.10 
Broadcasting: Voix de France: 
French VI. 

(Frescoes of Piero della 
Francesca). 140 News. 
145 Bristol Concert Albemi 
Quartet with Martin 
Hughesfpiano). Schubert 

ms (Piano Quintet Op 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

635 Weather. 740 News 

240 Oboe and piano: Caird 
and Benson. Britten ( 
Temporal Variations), Rainier 

S istoral Tryptych), 
tier son (Duologue). 

240 A Parry Concert 

Philharmonia/Bach Choir 
and soloists Jennifer Smith 
and Stephen 

1458kHz/206m: VHF 943; World Sendee MF 648kHz/463m. 

; Radio 3; 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90^ 
94m: VHF 954; BBC Radio London 

penultimate visit to the 
Festival features the first 

on stereo Radio 3 which 
also covers the second 

lli l iil l 

moo Newa at Ten with Sandy 
Gall and Pamela - 

1040 FBm: 

i i c'7 


II l-T. ) l'r F ; 


FBm: Blade Rumor (1982) 
starring Harrison Ford and 
Rutger Hauer. Sctence 
fiction adventure, set in 
21st century Los Angetes, 
abenit the desperate 
search for four deaefly 
robots disguised as 
humans. DirBCtBdby 

b^lnning at 10.45) 

10.45 NewsnlghL The latest 
national and international 
news toducDhg extended 
coverage of one of the 
. main stories ofthe day. 

11.25 Weather. 

1140 Cricket First Test Richie 
- Benaud Introduces 

between England and 

1240 Open University: 

Weekend Outiook 1245 

The Plourai and the Hoe. 
Ends at 1245. 

. Mamude.May and Yves 
Beneyton. Second World 
War drama in which an 
escaped prisoner-crf-war 
assumes his dead friend's 
identity as he is nursed 
back to health by two 
sisters, one of whom, 

- although never having met 
his friend, carried on a 
passionate relationship 
through the medium of 
letters. Directed by Peter 
Duffafl. (see Choice) 

1135 Union Maids*. The first of 
a series of five 
documentaries about key 
periods in the United 
States's labour history. 
Tonight's film Is the story 
of the fight to form 
industrial unions as seen 
through the eyes of three 

1230 Their Lordships’ House. 
Highlights of the day's 


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Gower’s hour 

of trial is 

England’s too 

By John Woodcock. Cricket Correspondent 

The resilience of both sides 
will be stretched when the first 
Test match, sponsored by 
Comhill, begins at Lord's 
today. India's because of the 
disruptions they have suffered 
from the weather and 
England's through having had 
their nerve shot to pieces in 
the West Indies during the 
winter. In theory they are 
closely matched and capable, 
if it is not too cold and 
miserable, of providing a very 
good series. 

Notbing untoward hap- 
pened yesterday, despite the 
appearance at the nets of the 
little Indian wizard. 
Sivaramakrishnan, who took 
19 wickets with leg breaks and 
googlies in his first two Tests 
against England in 1984. He is 
said not to be under consider- 
ation for today. 

The going will be soft 
inevitably, and the pitch not 
as firm as the groundsman 
would like. Last year, if you 
remember, it was even worse. 
On the eve of the Test match 
against Australia the outfield 
was waterlogged. But the game 
got under way to a prompt 

I say Gower is on trial 
simply because it has been 
made to seem like that by his 
appointment for only the two 
one-day internationals and 
this one Test match. The 
alternative is that the selectors 
chose this as a way of giving 
him a public warning after 
such a lamentable tour of the 
West Indies. Whichever it is, 
and whatever they may think 
of Gower as a captain, the 
England players like him well 
enough to be fully behind him 
now. To some extent they will 
see it. I expect, as a collective 

r’s teams 

ENGLAND (from): *D i Gower 
(Leicestershire). G A Gooch (E&- 



sex). R T Robinson (Nottingham- 

shire), M W Getting (Middlesex). A J 

(Northamptonshire), D R 
Pringle (Essex). +P R Downton 
(Middlesex), J E Emburey (Middle- 
sex). R M Effison (Kent), P H 
Edmonds (Middlesex). G R DBey 
(Kent), J G Thomas (Glamorgan). 
INDIA (from): 'Kapil Dev, $ M 
Gavaskar, K Srikkanth, M 
Amamath. D B Vengsarkar. M 
Azharuddin, R J Shastri, R M H 
Binny, Che tan Sharma. +K More. 
Mamndar Singh. N S Yadav. 
Umpires: K E Palmer and D R 

India have included Binny, 
who will bat at No 8 and do 
his share of the bowling, as he 
did when India won the World 
Cup in 1983. Kapil is waiting 
until this morning to fill his 
last bowling place: it lies 
between Maninder Singh 
(slow left arm). Yadav (off 
breaks) and Prabhakar (medi- 
um pace). 

England, too, have yet to 
decide which of their bowlers 
to leave out. I hope it will not 
be a spinner, though in the 
unseasonable conditions that 
are forecast the temptation 
will be to go for the extra 
seamer. Having put Gower on 
trial, the selectors may allow 
him. in this respect, his per- 
sonal preference. 

trial, not least of their profes- 
sional conscience. 

Although by’ the end of the 
West Indian tour England had 
gone completely to pieces, 
they are, in fact a good 
enough side to go through the 
rest of the year unbeaten. Of 
the three sides they have yet to 
meet — India and New Zea- 
land in England and Australia 
in Australia — New Zealand 
may provide the stillest test. 
India could be the best fun to 
play against For a team in 
need of confidence, as En- 
gland are, India are about 
righL Of their last 42 Test 
matches they have won only 
one — against England in 
Bombay in December 1984 — 

but they still take some 

it is worth noting that of 
Gavaskar's 32 Test hundreds 
none has been at Lord's, while 
of Vengsarkaris nine two have 
been. Vengsarkar's achieve- 
ment brackets him with 
Bradman, W.A. Brown, 
Headley and Sobers as the 
only visiting cricketers to have 
made two Test hundreds at 
Lord's. Gavaskar has yet to get 
his head down on this tour, for 
reasons best known to him- 
self. However. I imagine there 
will be no half measures about 
him here. 

Of India's 10 Test matches 
at Lord's, they have lost eight 
and drawn two. The last of 
them, in 1982, was Pringle’s 
and Lamb's first Lamb has 
never missed one since, 
though be is one of those 
whose present tenure is not 
entirely secure. Pringle, still 
England's most “promising" 
all-rounder, is needed again 
now because of Botham's 

It was disarming of Pringle 
to say that he realizes the 
futility of his trying to "do a 
Botham''. Even so. he must 
have been very dose to be- 
coming England's Man of the 
Series in the recent one-day 

After the West Indian tour 
and Portugal's victory in Mex- 
ico on Tuesday night, 
England's sporting mettle is in 
question. The Botham busi- 
ness has also left a question 
mark suspended over the 
management of English crick- 
eL The more 1 see of all games 
the more I am inclined to 
think that it is integrity which 
overcomes. England under 
Gower are not so much what 
he makes them as what desti- 
ny does. The likeliest result of 
this first series of the summer 
is a stalemate, the least likely, 
because of India's bonding, an 
English defeat 


Giant called in for Bruno 

Frank Bruno will prepare 
for his world heavyweight title 
fight against Tim 
Witherspoon at Wembley Sta- 
dium by sparring against one 
of the American’s former vic- 
tims, James Broad. 

The manager, Terry Law- 
less. is bringing Broad over as 
chief sparring partner for Bru- 
no. in the final build-up to his 
meeting with World Boxing 
Association champion, 
Wiiherspoon. on July 19. 

The giant Broad was consid- 
ered a top prospect for world 
title honours until losing his 
North American champion- 
ship to Wiiherspoon on a 
second round knock out in 

April last year. Based in New 
Jersey, he stands 6ft 4in tall, 
and weighed in at an enor- 
mous 18 st 91b for his bout 
with Witherspoon. , 

Lawless said yesterday: 
"Frank wants to be in the best 
shape of his life for the world 
title fight and so he wants to 
work out with the best possi- 
ble sparring partners. We 
could not get a better man 
than Broad. He is similar in 
style to Witherspooabut is 
about a stone heavier, and is 
certain to make Frank work 
hard and at a high level of 
concentration. Of course we 
just might pick Broad’s brains 
about Witherspoon's 

Multiple Sclerosis is merciless. 

US a disease that can strike anybody, anytime. 

And there's no cure. 

Every penny you contribute to the Multiple 
Sclerosis Society’ brings the cure that much closer. 

It also brings some comfort to the many 
thousands who suffer the miser)’ of impaired speech, 
loss Of eyesight, incontinence and paralysis. - 

The much-publicised events of the past twelve 
months have demonstrated just how generous 
people can be when they believe in a cause. 

Our cause is very- important 

Please give as much as you can. 

Because the sooner we find the answer the 
sooner we can ensure that the lives of those nearest to 
you are not tom apart. 

If charity begins at 
home, imagine yours being 
tom apart 


“ We can find the cure only 
□ If we find the funds. 

. lb The Muluplc Scfcosb Fntfpr**, 25 EfFie PuaJ. LONDON 5W6 1 YZ . 

J TdcphoncOt ".toiiS" GifoBanKMo j 

strengths and weaknesses 
whilst he is over here. 

Mike Barrett the promoter, 
is still hoping to persuade 
Witherspoon ^ 
to come to Britain ’next week 
for a whistle-stop publicity 
tour with Bruno. Barren said: 
“Witherspoon is not keen to 
break his training schedule. 
But we are still hoping to 
convince him that a promo- 
tion of this magnitude, the 
greatest in the history of 
British boxing, requires the 
full co-operation of • the 

He added : “ The ticket 
demand is enormous and 1 am 
having to take on exira staff to 
help man the telephones. I 
have never known anything 
like it in all my long experi- 
ence of promoting boxing 
Whole families are buying 
blocks of seals and they are 
going to turn Bruno's big night 
into a family outing. Britain is 
ready to back Bruno " 

Flowers signs 

Southampton yesterday 
completed the signing of the 
Wol verba nj pton Wa nderers 

goalkeeper. Tim Flowers, for 
£75.000. F 

Flowers, aged 20. 
moves up from the fourth 
division to become unstudy to 
Peter Shilton. 

Sharp test 
for Cram 

First puMisbed in 1785 


Bryan Robson (right), England's captain, clashes with Manuel Bento, Portugal's goalkeeper. England surprised, page 38 

star of 

World Cup diary 

A room at the guardhouse 

Mexico City (Reuter) — 
Jorge Valdano, of Argentina, 
who has matured late as a 
world-class player, can stamp 
his name on these World Cup 
finals. A lanky man of 30, he 
tops the goals list after four 
days' play. He is the only 
player to have scored two so 
far in helping Argentina beat 
South Korea 3-1 here on 

ft was only Valdano's 
twelfth cap in an international 
career that was about to 
blossom over 10 years ago 
when his country were prepar- 
ing to stage the 1978 World 
Cap finals but which came to 
an abrupt halt with a move to a 
Spanish second division dub. 

Valdano was among the 
crap of young players Cesar 
Menotti. who guided Argenti- 
na to victory **> 1978, began to 
groom as a world-beating side 
in l974JHe joined Real Ma- 

The Scotland players could 
be excused for believing that 
they are currently living inside 
Fort Knox. Their hotel among 
the Aztec pyramids, an hour 
away from Mexico City, is 
virtually impregnable due to 
the 120 gun-toting police 
guards swarming around the 
premises. ... 

Even if the players go for a 
swim or a game of table tennis, 
the ever-attendant guards du- 
tifully follow. As one Scottish 
player put it: “The next time I 
go to the toilet I wouldn't be 
surprised to find the guards 
there with me!" 

Australia — and I cannot 
praise them highly enough." 

u. n AA, wi. “rvf ( na 


• Scotland's tiny band of 
supporters have earned the 
praise of the Scottish Football 
Association for their behav- 
iour in Mexico City. - 
There are only 1,000 Scot- 
tish followers is the Mexican 
capital and the SFA security 
liaison officer, Alistair Hood; 
said: "There have been no 
reports of any disturbances 
involving our followers. .1 
have spoken to quite a num- 
ber who have made the trip — 
some from as far away as 

drid two seasons ago after a 
long spell with Zaragoza and 
helped them win the Spanish 
title and UEFA Cup last 

He added: “Of the 1,000 
supporters we are expecting at 
Scotland's games over 500 
have registered with the Scot- 
tish FA, so we are hopeful that 
this World Cup will pass off 
without incident." 

• The World Cup means big 
money for Brazil, who are 
favourites to lift the glittering 
prize in Mexico's Aztec Stadi- 
um on June 29. 

Each member of the Brazil- 
ian team stands to collect 
£65,000 if they become world 
champions, and the thought is 
bringing the best out of their 
most renowned pe/fonner, 

The tail, bearded Brazilian, 
who abandoned his career as a 
doctor six years agp to concen- 
trate on football said: “As a 
professional player 1 can get 
the financial stability for what 
I really want to do — be a 
doctor for the poor." 

With so much at stake, 
Socrates, aged 32, has altered 
his lifestyle; He has stopped 
drinking and given up smok- 
ing his normal 60 cigarettes a 

day. It is just what the doctor 
ordered. - 

• The putting greens, one of 
the few recreational facilities 
at England's Saltillo Motel 
headquarters, have been dug 

A heavy downpour had 
caused ^raina gp problems and 
as tap water tinned brown and 
toilets refused to flush, the 
local workers grabbed their 
shovels and began digging all 
over the complex in search of 
the trouble. 

Rain rushing down from the 
mountain and sweeping 
across the main road also 
caused problems for the team 
and their accompanying me- 
dia-men as they made the 50- 
mile journey down to 
Monterrey for the ' game 
against PortugaL . 

• Colour television sets have 
been installed in Mexico 
City’s prisons -so that . the 
inmates can watch the World 
Cup. But prison officers have 
taken measures to prevent any 
violence when the prisoners 
are let out of their cells to 
watch the action. - 

Hosts’ goalkeeper praised 

That last campaign made 
him the last arrival in Mexico 
iff the coach Carlos Bflardo’s 
World Cup squad. Bert for 
Bilardo it was better late than 
never. Valdano had served him 
well in Argentina's qualifying 
games last year and he is the 
only out-and-out forward sore 
of his place m the team. 

Pablo Larios, the Mexican 
goalkeeper, was singled out for 
praise by his manager, Bora 
Milutinovic, after the host 
nation’s 2-1 victory over Bel- 
gium m the first match in 
Group B of the World Cup ou 

Larios looked hopelessly 
i Me 

He did not become a regular 
goal-scorer until he joined 
Real where he makes a lethal 
striking partnership with 
Hugo Sanchez, of Mexico. 
Sandra was the leading scor- 
er in the Spanish League last 
season but he was chased all 
the way by Valdano. 

VaJdano's two goals on 

Monday brought his total for 

his country to five-“It would be 
nice to finish (the World Cap] 
as top scorer, but it's not an 
obsession," he said. “I go out 
there to try and make the most 
of the few chances that come 
my way in a match." 

out of his depth when Mexico 
lost 34) to England just before 
the tournament started and 
his error led to Belgium's goal 
scored by Erwin 
Vandenbergh. But 

Mil m movie still insisted: 
“Pablo played a really great 

Mexico sent their fanatical 
supporters home happy with 
goals by the defender, Fernan- 
do Quirarte, and the national 
hero, Hugo Sanchez. All the 
goals came before half-time 
and the Aztec stadium crowd's, 
expectations weighed heavily 
on the Mexican players. 

“There was great tension 
out there " Mexico’s captain, 
Tomas Boy. said. “We con- 

ceded a goal ata bad time and 
there was some pressure, but 
the team took it in their 

Guy Tbys. the Belgian man- 
ager, said: “We started off too 
cautiously and once we were 
behind, we were slow to come 
back. But we played well in the 
second half and I’m disap- 
pointed we didn't take a 

The Mexicans have been 
under tremendous 
perform well on home soil and 
the relief among the players 
was evident when they scored 
twice in the first 38 minutes. 

Quirarte outjumped the 
Belgian defence to bead the 
first m the 23rd minute and 
such was Sanchez’s delight 
that he punted the ball into the 
crowd, an' indiscretion that 
earned him a^eflow card from 
the Argentinian referee, Car- 
los Esposito. 

Sanchez bad his own goal to 
celebrate a quarter of an hour 
later. Belgium's reply came on 

the stroke of half 
tim e-Sanchez's booking was 
somewhat ironic in that 
Esposito allowed many crude 
tackles to go unpunished as 
did the Soviet referee, Valery 
Butenko, in the match in 

The reluctance of referees to 
defend the creative players in 
the tournament has already 
brought condemnation from 

players and managers alike. 
The ; 

itinian, Valdano, 
one of the most articulate 
footballers of his generation, 
said that World Cup referees 
had so far shown little inten- 
tion of looking after the 
interests of ball players. - 

MEXICO: P Larios; M Trejo. F 
Ckwarte, F Cruz, R Sarvft, C 
Munoz, J Aguirre, M Negrete. 1 
M Esuaria), H 

(sub: ft 

BELGIUM: J-M Pfaff, £ Germs, F 
van der Bst, H Broos, M de WOK, E 
Scifo, R Vandereyckan, F 
Venautaren, J Ceufemans. E 
Vandenbergh (sub: S Demot}, P 
Desmet (sub: N Classen). 

Reference Esposito (Argentina). 


Steve Cram yesterday con- 
firmed that he will tackle the 
800 metres at the Kodak AAA 
Championships al Crystal Pal- 
ace on June 21 and 22. The 
triple champion wants to com- 
pete in both the 800 and 1.500 
metres at the Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh and run- 
ning over two laps at Crystal 
Palace will give him the 
chance to prove himself over 
the shorter distance to the 

Cram will compete this 
weekend against his club col- 
league. David Sharp, for the 
first time in a major meeting 
at the Northern Counties 
Championships in Gateshead. 

Derek Redmond, the Brit- 
ish 400 metres record holder, 
hopes to return after injury in 
the Midland Counties Cham- 
pionships at Cheltenham to- 
morrow and Saturday. 

Salonen out 

Athens (Reuter) — Tirao 
Salonen, of Finland, the win- 
ner last year, was forced to 
pull out of the 1 986 Acropolis 
motor rally yesterday when 
his Peugeot 205 T-I6 devel- 
oped mechanical trouble dur- 
ing the third and . last leg. 
Salonen, in fifth place on 
Tuesday, was hit by steering 
wheel trouble 1.300km into 
the L9l0km rally, led by' 
Finland's Juha Kaokkunen in 
a Peugeot 200 T-I6. 

Cram: point to prove AbOUt-tUTH 

New system 


Wigan Athletic Football 
Club's number two, Ray Mar 
tiiias, has been 'promoted to 
the manager’s job following 
the departure of Bryan Hamil- 
ton to Leicester City. He has 
been assistant to Hamilton at 
both Tran mere and Wigan. 

Second division dubs will 
play 28 fixtures instead of 34 
next season as a result of a new 
system devised at a special 
meeting of the Rugby League 
Council yesterday. The IS 
dubs will be divided next 
season into six groups of three 
clubs each, and certain of the 
groups will not play home and 
away against each other. The 
championship will be decided 
on a play-offbasis. 

The Welsh international 
Rugby Union referee, Ken 
Rowlands, is suffering the 
consequences of his decision 
to take charge of the “rebel" 
series between the Springboks 
and the New Zealand Cava- 
liers in South Africa. His local 
Labour-controlled Cynon Val- 
ley Borough Council have 
now decided not to mark his 
retirement with an award. 

Royal role 

Princess Anne has agreed to 
stand for election as president 
of the Royal Yachting Associ- 

Perry to play 

Nora Perry, the former 
world mixed and women's 
doubles champion, is pre- 
pared to forget her differences 
with the England badminton 
team manager, Jake Downey, 
and play for her country in 
this summer’s Common- 
wealth Games. 


Exclusive club Rafferty 
would like to disown 

' By Mitchell Platts 

Ronan Rafferty goes into 
the Dunhill Masters tourna- 
ment at Woburn Golf and 
Country Club today as the 
newest recruit to an exclusive 
club from which be would 
happily relinquish his mem- 
bership on Sunday evening. " 

For the growing strength in 
depth of the European circuit 
can be measured by the num- 
ber of excellent playecs who 
are discovering with every 
week that it is becoming 
increasingly difficult to win. 

There is, of course, no 
shortage in financial rewards 
and Rafferty- has' won £32,936 
already this season. Moreover 
Ian Woosnam - has earned 
approaching £200.000 in spite 
of not winning in Europe since 
August, 1984. 

Nick Faldo, without a vic- 
tory for more- than two years, 

Sam Torrance, . whose last 
triumph was in the Johnnie 
Walker Monte Carlo Open 
almost >2 months ago. and. 

Des Smyth,"are among other 
golfers to have benefited sub- 
stantially in. financial lerms- 
without .savouring the real 
glory of winning. 

Rafferty has been frustrated 

on two occasions this season. 
He was defeated by David 

Feheny in a' play-off for the 
Italian Open, then beaten by 
only one stroke in the Four 
Stars tournament 

Even so, Rafferty 'regarded 
his performance at Moor Park 
as another valuable lesson in 
his education as a profession- 
al He left the amateur ranks 
after playing for Great Britain 
and Ireland in the Walker Cup 
in 1981, but it was only last 
Sunday that he found himself 
the leader for the first time in 
hjs career going into the last 

“I-wasL happy with the way I 
played because the pressure is 
much greater when you're in 
that position and I still had the 
chance of winning right 
through to the 18th bote,” 

The ' prospect of Rafferty 
overcoming his biggest Obsta- 
cle this week is made all the 
more-difficult by the fact that 
Lee Treviho will be. defending 
the : title -.’ and Severiano 
Ballesteros, Sembani Langer 
and Sandy Lyle compete to- 
gether for -foe first .time in 
Europe this year. 

a twisted 

But there are always eoor- 
mons pleasures to he. ga i ne d 
from watching Scotland play 
in the Work! Cop, There was a 
Scottish tvgnTW>r at the last 
World Cap that read: Don't 
Worry Aliy MacLeod's 
In Blackpool*. MacLeod, per- 
haps the ultimate symbol of 
Scottish football abroad, man- 
aged to embody afl the 
country's aptitude for disaster 
and s^-destnxswa. 

This time, the Scots who got 
the worst (haw in the entire 
competition, ending Bp in the 
same group as Denmark, Uru- 
guay and West Germany. 
Jimmy Greaves was roused to 
new heights of eloquence on 
his programme when the draw 
was announced: “What a terri- 
ble blow for the old Jocks, eh? 
No, honestly, I feel real serty 
for them, awful omit? Poor okf 
Jocks!" The sincerity of Ids 
demeanor was only slightly 
marred by the fact that he was 
lau g hin g like a hyena at Che 

And really, tins draw 
seems to be overdoing it The 
Jocks - Scots, I mean - are 
perfectly capable of destroying 
their own dances. To throw 
them into a group where they 
-have no chance at all could 
have terrible repercussions. I 
mean, they might qualify. 
That would be a very hard 
thing to bear. 

The Scots are best at bril- 
liant efforts that come too late. 
Archie GemtaflTs goal was 
one of the best of the last 
tournament. Shame for the 
poor ©M Jocks it didn’t do no 
good, eh. - 

Zt was the 3978 tournament 
in Argentina that settled the 
Scottish reputation for disas- 
ters In football They were 
accused in the local press of 
being a team of drunks, they 
missed a penalty and lost their 
opening match against Peru, 
after which WQUe Johnston 
foiled a dope test, and Scot- 
land followed up with a draw 
against Iran. After that little 
lot, they needed to beat Hol- 
land, one of the favourites, by 
three dear goals to qualify for 
the second phase, ft) the best 
Scottish fashion, they scored 
three goals and won - but the 
Dutch scored twice and that 
was enough. The Dutch went 
through to the finaL The Scots 
went home. 

The legitimate pleasures of 
Anglo-Scottish rivalry have 
bedi savoured by footballing 
men for years - but few 
revelled in them quite as much 
as • ■ one - En gland manager. 
True, The Wit and Wisdom iff 
Alf Ramsey would make a 
somewhat slim volume, but in 
it pride of place would go to his 
uncommonly neat reply to a 
journalist who met him at 
Prestwick with the words: 
‘Welcome to Scotland’. “You 
must be jolting,” said Sir AM. 

World Cup 
and tables 


P W D L 
110 0 
10 10 
10 10 
10 0 1 

a Sg .B(«lte ? »CI W 





fie ' PWDfF AR 
USSR 1 1 0 0 6 0 2 

France 110 0 1 0 2 

Canada 10 0 1 .0 1 0 

Hungary 10 0 10 & 0 

Group D 



I decided to stay np to watch 
Scotland on the teBy for purely 
patriotic reasons, ftx a good- 
natured, warmhearted, 
neighbourly and thoroughly 
twisted «£- * 

Moore on ITV m the hope of 
watching Scotland get 

It would, I felt, after Oat 
ghastly night watdbmg En- 
gland lose ta Portugal be 
soure anaB compensation. 

1 HI 




Cartas Uauuel 





Today’s games 

Group A 

futawfey South Korea (Olympic 
stadium, MextcotJto. yipm) . 

Rwjr v Argentina (PuetXa,7pmi ITV. 


Franco y SoviM Union (Lo6n.7pn^- 


*\ - ■. w 

*!*• '* 

-.‘I • 



;i r 

U r 





y r*-. - v- 

110 0 


O 2 t 

t O 1 0 


1 1 ’ 

3 0 10 


1 1 

1 Q 0 1 


1 0 . 



P W D L 



110 0 


0 2 

10 10 


0 1 yi 

10 1G 


0 1 

10 0 1- 


f o 

/-• - 

•.T* ! 

**= - 

•» * . - 
■ * . 


hjr» ;