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TIMES 


No 62,482 


FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


South Africa in turmoil 


• The Sooth African Government 
declared a nationwide state of 
emergency after dawn swoops 
arrested hundreds of dissidents. 

• The Commonwealth Eminent 
Persons Group report says it is in 
Britain's specific interest to join in 
action against Smith Africa. 


• Mrs Thatcher gave the Com- 
mons no Indication that she 
intends to change her stand 
against imposing sanctions. 

• Mr Pik Botha said the Group 
had tried to Marlrmaif Pretoria 
into accepting conditions no gov- 
ernment could accept (Page 7) . 


• C an ada announced a series of 
measures against Sooth Africa 
and said it was willing to go 
farther if necessary. (Page 7) 

• The African National Congress 
said the state of emergency would 
worsen the crisis and increase 
resistance to white rule. (Page 7) 


New security clamp Quick 
by defiant Botha re ^^ se 

From Michael Hornsby, Cape Town & 

In a belligerent televised, the police and provides for 1953, empowers any police- f|¥T 1V/| 
address to the nation last stringent controls on expres- man or soldier to arrest with- 1/ Y 1 f 11 

niefat PWifenf Rnfha nf cinn nf nnlitiral rfiwnl anH nm nnmnt smrl Hptain V 


In a belligerent televised, the police and provides for 
address to the nation last stringent controls oh expres- 
night, Presideat Botha of. sion of political dissent, and 


South African declared that 
his countnr was quite prepared 
to "go it atone” and would not 
“crawl before anyone” to 
avert the threat of inleniation- 
ai economic sanctions. 

Defending ' his 

proclamation on a state of 
national emergency earlier in 


on press and television cover- 
age of unrest 

In effect from five minutes 
after midnight yesterday 
morning, the emergency is of 
indefinite duration and its 
proclamation was. accompa- 
nied by the arrest of about 
1,000 anti-apartheid activists 


the day. Mr Botha said he had in pie-dawn police raids in 
faced the choice aldn to that towns throughout the country, 
“between war and .a In an earlier address to a 
dishonourable, fearful peace”, specially convened joint ses- 
There -were “times in the sion of the white, Indian and 
history of nations” when Coloured chambers Partia- 
choices between such “un- ment here. President • Botha 
pleasant alternatives” had to said the emergency was neces- 
be made. sary because “the ordinary 

“We are not a nation of — — -- 

weakling. We do not desire d .,,- . 
and we do not seek it but if we E a Ir? llie,rt ■ i 

are forced to go it alone, then Botha accuses 7 

so be it” he said He said he Text of report 8, 9 

was aware of public concern Trevor Huddleston 14 
about the threat of economic leading article IS 

sanctions. 

“I do not underestimate the laws of the land at present on 
sacrifices and problems that the statute book, -are inade- 
sanctions will bring. I do not quate to enable the Govern- 
think that it will be in our ment to ensure the security of 

the public and to maintain law 


1953, empowers any police- 
man or.soldier to arrest with- 
out warrant and detain 
without trial anyone who, “in 
fats opinion” poses a threat to 
“the maintenance of public 
order*?. 

The period of detention am 
be extended, indefinitely by 
the Minister of Law and 
Order, Mr Louis Le Grange. 
No-one is allowed access to a 
rirt^nWi other than the minis- 
ter or a person approved by 
him. No names of detainees 
can be disclosed without the 
minis ter’s consent 

Also banned under the 
emergency are “subservise 
statements,” which include 
statements that incite anyone 
to take • part in unlawful 
strikes, boycotts, or “any acts 
of rivfl disobedience”, . or 
which advocate economic dis- 
investment or “discredit or 
undermine lbe system of com- 
pulsory military service”. 


By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 
Correspondent 

The Prime Minister gave no 
indication yesterday that her 
opposition to economic sanc- 
tions against South Africa has 
been altered by the pablicatioa 
of the Oyyny w Mhh Emi- 
nent Persons' Group (EPG) 
report 

Pressed by the opposition 
parties and some Conservative 
MPs to respond immediately 
to die EPG s call for economic 
action by Britain and other 
countries against South Afri- 
ca, Mrs Thatcher did not 
explicitly rule out sanctions, 
and gave what many MPs 
regarded as a cautions re- 
sponse to demands to lift her 
“veto” against them. She 
stressed that the report would 
be riven careful consideration 
with the Commonwealth and 


interest or in that of our the public and to maintain law 
neighbouring states, or that of and Older”, 
our trading partners. But The new emergency is far 
South Africa will not crawl more sweeping in its scope 
before anyone to prevent it than tlrat in force between Jufy 
and if it has to come, we will 21; 1985, and March 7 of tius 
make sure that it is to our year, which, at its greatest 


Anyone disseminating such with the Commonwealth and 
statements — which by imjdi- the EEC. 
cation could include journal- “That is the right way to go 
ists who quote them in their, aboot it before dashing into 
reports— would be guilty of an premature condnsioos,* she 
offence. said, but the Government's 

The penalty for any viola- jfflemm orer HnrtioiB. iritt 
lion of the provisions of the possible risk to the Com- 


mons sweeping m its scope ujc — _ - ^ H ___ 

than that in force between July emergency, or any .regulations 
21, 1 985, and March 7 of this enforced under it, is a fine not 


advantage in the long term,” 
he said. 

South Africa, Mr Botha 
said, would lioit be dictated to 


extent, was confined to only 
38 of South Africa's 300 or so 
magisterial districts. 

' President Botha told Parfia- 


by the international commit- ment that the ' Government 
nityaUargeorbyany partictt- bad intelligence about plans 
lar state. “We have to live in “made by radical and revolu- 
this country. We have no- tionaiy dements. for the com- 
whercdselogo.”: . : ing days; which- pose real 

The sate oT pyoergenoy, ;,:dangeffor -*P population 
which applies throughout the groups in The country, 
country, gives sweeping pow- ^The emergency, proclaimed 
ers of arrest and daentiOn to under the Public Safety Act of 


country, gives sweeping-pow- 
ers of arrest and detention to 


exceeding 20,000 rand 
(£5,000) or imprisonment not 
exceeding 10 years, or such 
imprisonment without the op- 
tion of a fine. 

■ Those arrested today yester- 
day include many church 
workers, trade unionists, 
members of the UDF and 
radical black, opposition 
groups,' student -leaders and 
conscientious objectors* 
Members of all races are 
among the detainees. 


Thatcher warned 


- ( §M- on 


• Yesterday’s £4,000 
prize in The Times 
Portfolio competition 
was shared by two 
readers, Mrs Diana 
Jones, of Felpham, 
West Sussex, and Mrs 
Cemwen Cannon, of 
Cofwyn Bay, Cfwyd. 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio fist page 28; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 20. 




By Rodney Cowton 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher was The report says Pretoria's 
told yesterday that a confla- “obduracy and intransigence 
gration which could involve wrecked the Commonwealth's 
much, of southern Africa initiative, but the issues them- 


appredated by ministers, 
some of whom believe the 
Prime Minister wiD inevitably 
have to agree to some meas- 
ures. 

Mr Nefl Kmaock, the La- 
boor Leader, said the Govern- 
meot most impose strong sanc- 
tions strictly and quickly. “Ex- 
tensive and intensive economic 
-pressure by Britain, and other, 
nations which have' a signifi- 
cant trading and commercial 
relationship with South Africa 
is essential. Such action is now 
recognised to he the last 
remaining means of securing 

change without violent chaos.” 

.Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, called for a ban on new 
investment and an internation- 
al ban on flights to and from 
South Africa. 

Mr Denis Healey, the Shad- 
ow Forefen Secretary, gave a 
wanting yesterday that tf Mrs 
Thatcher again tried to veto 
sanctions against South Africa 
she could break up the 


would break out if Britain selves will not go away, nor coml? Ibn 
prevented effective Common- can they, be' bombed out of rammonwealili. 

wealth sanctions against existence. It is not sanctions . 

South Africa by refusing to which will destroy the country --T 1 *"® report 
join in. but the persistence of apart- Thatcher's 

The warning was given by beid and the Government's boos at toe u 
the co-chairmen of the Corn- failure to engage in fundamen- weaJtHoMerro 
mon wealth Eminent Persons tal political reform.” . peamm ehange^ 

Group immediately after pub- Mis Thatcher, like other *** rt 

tication of the. report on tire Commonwealth heads of gov- sanctions as the 
feil ure of their mission to ernment, received the report a^ertmga Woodt 


“This report shows that 
Mrs Thatcher's veto on sanc- 
tions at the last Common- 
wealth Conference has held np 
peaceful change m South Afri- 
ca, and it calls for more 
sanctions as toe last hope in 
averting a bloodbath,” he said. 


establish a dialogue to encour- on Tuesday, but yesterday toe “f Mre Thatcher does 
age toe dismantlement of EPG co-chairman. General not have to be dragged kicking 


JPi 


apartheid. . 

- -The report says that without 
negotiated political change in 
South Africa, “the certain 
prospect is of even sharper 
decline into violence and 
bloodshed, with aB its atten- 
dant human costs. 

“A racial conflagration with 
frightening implications 
threatens. The unco-ordinated 
violence of today could be- 
come in the not too distant 
future a major armed conflict 
spilling well beyond South 
Africa’s borders . . .” 


Olosegun Obasanjo. a former and screa m i ng into s an c tio ns.' 
head of toe Nigerian Govern- Some 80 Labour MPs have 
ment, and Mr Malcolm Fra- sfened a Commons motion 


ser. former Australian Prime calling on the British Govem- 


Mi aister, called on her to 
discuss it 

They explained their views 
at a press conference to laimcb 
the report, and before seeing 
Mrs Thatcher. Mr Baser said 
the threatened conflagration 
would occur ifbiack leaders in 


ment to back more sanctions. 
This has been countered by 
another motion, supported by 
nearly as many Conservative 
MPS, taking toe reverse view. 

In a joint statement, liberal 
leader, Mr David Steel and 


woumo^urnmacxieaoersm foreign afto spokesman, Mr 
South Africa concluded that AlmiBetto, urged Mrs Tbat- 
other nations would not agree cher to end her^obstinate op- 


to take effective concerted 
Continued on page 2®, ad 3 


position' 

ares. 


to economic mens- 


Priest verdict fogcK- 

Mr Richard Flynn, a wealthy - Y;!™, . 

Irish horse-owner, has been ;• The pnee ofpostxng a letter 
cleared of IdfliDg a Roman » hkdy to rise by a penny in 
Catholic priest at his home October 
during an argument over mid- The details were disclosed 
night drinks - Page 5 yesterdaybySir Ron Dearing. 

nonl the Post Office chairman, in a 

Kaciai peril: letter to the Post Office Na- 

Most of the conditions winch tioual Users’ ■ Council. He 
led to last year's inner .city blamed ns i ug cofls. • • - 
riots remain, toe chairman of . The price of toe first class 
toe Commission for Racial stamp has remained atI7p 
Equality said, introducing a since September 1984 and the 
six-point action plan Paged Post Office reduced toe sec* 
J An lc . ond class stamp by Ip tp 12p 

(Nissan deals last October. 


Post charges Botham to stay barred 
tafktabl? from top-class cricket 


By John Goodbody, Sports News Correspondent 


the Post Office chairman, in a 
.letter to the Post Office Na- 


six-point action plan Paged 

Nissan deals 

Nissan awarded £18 million 
worth of contracts to 27 
British and three Continental 
companies to make parts, for 
the new car at its Tine and 
Wear factory. . - Page 3 

Today we publish two Special 
Reports, on toe Times/RIBA 
Community Enterprise 
Scheme, and private health. 
Pages 1 64 7 and 29-32 


Hone Mens 2-6 Leaders -I*.| 
Overseas 7-11 . Leittn .. 15 

Appts 27 Motoring 13 

Arts 19 Parliament . 45 

Bssteess 21-28 Sale Sous ' 2 
Cwm 18 Stieow . 6 

Crosswords I2Jfl Sport 364848 
Wart 14 TV* Rafis 39 

Law-Report 27. Weattec. 28 


The Cricket Council has peals body met for five and a 
upheld toe ban on Ian Botham half hours at Lord's yesterday 
from playing in all first-class However Botham will not 
and international cricket until be prosecuted over allegations 
August ]. that be took drugs during last 

-■ The appeal of toe England year's charity walk from John 
and Somerset all-rounder fol- O'Groats to Land's End which 
lowed his suspension a fort- raised £7 14,000 
night ago by the Test and The Director ofPublic Pros- 

Coiinty Cricket Board for ecutions said after considering 
bringing the game into a - report from Devon and 
disrepute, after he admitted Cornwall police that the evj- 
smoJdng cannabis. deuce was not sufficient to 

The Council’s five-man ap- justify criminal proceedings 



Guards outside Khotso House in Johannesburg, which was 
raided by po&e yesterday when documents were taken. 


One killed 
in island 
air crash 

One person died yesterday 
and five were seriously injured 
when a twin-engined aircraft 
crashed on hs approach to an 
airfield on the island oflslay, 
off toe west coast of Scotland. 

The plane, a Loganair 
DHC6 Twin Otter carrying 14 
passengers and two crew on a 
scheduled flight , from Glas- 
gow, was understood to have 
hit high ground about one 
mile north of Port Ellen 
airfield. 

The injured were ferried to 
Cross House Hospital, Kil- 
marnock, in a joint operation 
involving two RAF and two 
Royal Navy helicopters. 

Ten other passengers on toe 
flight, number LC423, were 
recovering at Port Ellen. 

The two Royal Navy heli- 
copters were sent from Prest- 
wick, near Glasgow, and the 
RAF aircraft from Leuchais in 
Fife and Lossiemouth. An 
RAF Nimrod reconnaissance 
aircraft was also involved in 
toe operation. 

Glasgow police said toe 
aircraft had crashed at 
Kilbride Farm, about one mile 
inland on toe Islay. 

Local doctors joined police 
and ambulancemen at toe 
scene and a special medical 
team from toe Western Infir- 
mary, Glasgow, was being 
airlifted to the island to help. 

The Nimrod reconnais- 
sance aircraft was used to co- 
ordinate toe rescue operation. 



N Ireland 
Assembly 
dissolved 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 
Correspondent 

The Government yesterday 
confirmed the dissolution of 
the Northern Ireland Assem- , 
bly but voiced toe hope that its 
absence would be temporary. 

Mr Tom King, the Secretary ' 
of State for Northern Ireland, 
announced in the Commons ; 
the Otoinet's decision to dis- . 
solve toe Assembly, set up by 
Mr James Prior in 1982, and 1 
to leave open toe date for 
elections for a new one. 

Speaking of a "lost 
opportunity”, Mr King told 
MPs that the Assembly was 
not discharging either of the 
functions with which it was 
charged, to make proposals on 
devolution and to monitor the 
work of the Northern Ireland 
departments. 

But he emphasized that toe 
decision in no way conflicted 
with toe Government’s desire 
for devolved government nm 
its commitment to toe Anglo- 
Irish agreement 
Before Mr King spoke, the 
Prime Minister repeated In 
toe Commons that her invita- 
tion to toe Unionist parties to 
talk on devolution, toe future 
of the Assembly and arrange- 
ments for handling Northern 
Ireland business stood. 

Despite toe hardline stance 
of the Unionists, ministers 
remain hopeful that the As- 
sembly win be re-established 
and that talks between toe 
parties will be resumed. 

Mr Prior said in a BBC 
interview that in the present 
mcamstances there was no 
alternative to suspension. But 
he hoped alter a period of 
thought and negotiation there 
would be fresh elections and 
the Assembly set op again, 
perhaps early in the new year. 
IRA statement, page 2 


BL becomes ‘Rover’ 


BL is changing its name to 
Rover, The state-owned mo- 
tor manufacturer believes the 
new name to be more in 
keeping with h$ new-found 
financial health and strong 
range of vehicles. 

This is toe third change of 


name in eleven turbulent 
years. In 1975, it changed its 
name from British Ley land 
Motor Corporation to British 
Ley land This was further 
shortened to just BL in 1978. 

Details, page 21 


Lonrho launches £13.5m rescue for Today’ 


* ☆ * * * 


■ By Richard Lander ‘ 

Mr Roland “Tiny* 4 Row- 
land, , chief of the. Lonrho 
multinational trading gronp, 
emerged yesterday as toe rar- 
prise ariour of Todap^ Mr 
Eddy Shah’s aB-celoor nation- 
al daily newspaper which has 
struggled since its launch in 
'March. '• * 

Alter a week of crisis' sliare- 
holderHKetingsaimedat find- 
ing a way of rescuing Toda$ y 
Mr Shafa told hw stafT that 
Lonrho woald be pumping 
£I3i5 ntiBfon jpr new money 
into : .toe newspaper m « deal. 


which, he said, would secure 
■ its future. ' 

Mr Shah mil remain the 
principal shareholder in News 
(UK), Today's owners, by re- 
ta imng a51 percent stakeapd 
will , keep the posts of chair- 
man and chief executive. 

Lonrho, which approached 
Mr Shah only on Wednesday, 
will take a 35 per emit 
'Shareholding and- will bare 
two seats on the board pf 
directors, with Mr Rcnafapd 
becoming deputy chairman . - 
\ Thedeal brings together two 
of Britain's most colomfei 
entrepreneurs. ■■ 

, Mr Stab,'w$0 made Jus 



fortune by publish lag free 
weekly newspapers, is widely 
credited with triggering the 
Fleet Street revolution that 
has broken the power of toe 
traditional craft print unions. 

Mr Rowland, by contrast, 
has bdflt up an image as a 

swashbuckling international 

capitalist as toe bead of 
Lonrho. which has interests 
ranging from gold mines in 
West Africa to hotels in toe 
Caribbean. 


His group already has ex- 
tensive newspaper interests in 
Britain, including The Observ- 
er, the Glassne Herald and a 
chain of Scottish publications. 
As a result, (be deal is subject 
to the approval of toe Secre- 
tary of State for Trade. 

Apart from toe cash injec- 
tion, most of which is being 
made in toe form of loan stock, 
Louhro will also be purchasing 
the stake of some of toe 
original investors in Today. 

Low ho is paying £45 mil- 
lion to the departing investors, 
who will be getting their 
original stake back in foil 
Two of the three major 


investors — the Ivory & State 
investment boose and the 
Brtrsh & Commonwealth ship- 
ping company — are also 


£3 million each, but Lord 
Forte's Trnslhonse Forte 
group has not yet decided 
whether to stay on. 

Mr Shah told his staff: 
“Thanks to toe support of Mr 
Rowland and onr two institu- 
tional investors, the future of 
New (UK) and toe Today 
newspaper is now certain.'' 
The current circulation of 
450,000, well below pre- 
la mich targets, had to be 
increased. 


Labour finally 
expels Hatton 
after wrangle 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 


Mr Derek Hatton, deputy 
leader of Liverpool City 
Council, and one of the Mili- 
tant Tendency’s leading fig- 
ures, was finally expelled from 
the Labour Party last night. 

By 12 votes to six, Mr Neil 
Kinnock and the party's na- 
tional executive committee 
found him guilty of being a 
member of toe Trotskyist 
organization, and breaking 
Labour Party rules and stand- 
ing orders. 

The expulsion came after 
another day of complex legal 
and procedural wrangling, cul- 
minating in Mr Hatton’s law- 
yers rushing to toe High Court 
in an unsuccessful attempt to 
have flue disciplinary hearing 
halted. 

Mr Hatton, who joined the 
Labour Party in 1971, was toe 
main target in Mr Kirin ock’s 
purgp, launched last Novem- 
ber, against leading members 
of the Militant-dominated 
Liverpool party. 

As the verdict was an- 
nounced, after eight hours 
consideration, a small band of 
Militant supporters chanted in 
support of Mr Hatton outside 
the Labour Party 
headquarters. 

Mr Hatton did not attend 
yesterday's proceedings, pre- 
ferring instead to be at a city 
council finance meeting. 

His solicitor, Mr Mite Fish- 
er, addressed the NEC for 20 
minutes and requested that 
the hearing be adjourned until 
Mr Hatton could attend, and 


to allow him legal 
representation. 

When the NEC rejected toe 
legal request and decided by 
12 votes to six to proceed 
against Mr Hatton in his 
absence, Mr Fisher left for toe 
High Court to seek an injunc- 
tion to halt toe proceedings. 

As Mr Larry Whitty, the 
Labour Party's general secre- 
tary. started to outline toe case 
against Mr Hatton, toe High 
Court granted a temporary 
injunction, forcing Mr 
Kinnock and his colleagues to 
break off for lunch. 

But Mr Hatton's success 
was short-lived. When Sir 
Nicolas Browne-WiUdnson. 
toe Vice-Chancellor, beard the 
full tacts he ruled against Mr 
Hatton and ordered him to 
pay costs. 

With toe path finally 
cleared of legal and procedural 
stumbling-blocks, the NEC 
quickly resumed hearing the 
charges against Mr Hatton. 

Mr Hatton is toe fourth 
Merseyside Militant to be 
expelled from toe Labour 
Party. The disciplinary hear- 
ings will continue today. 

Mr Hatton vowed last night 
to ignore toe ruling. He added 
that toe parly's leaders were 
“thieves in the night” deter- 
mined to destroy him in his 
ateense. 

He said that there was no 
question of him quitting his 
post as deputy leader of 
Liverpool council. 


Jobless down but 
trend is upward 

By Graham Seaijeantaad David Smith 


Pay is increasing at three 
times the rate of inflation, 
yesterday's official figures 
show. But unemployment re- 
mains on a firmly rising trend, 
and a new independent report 
suggests that growth in jobs 
will peter out by 1990. _ . 

The adult jobless total ad- 
justed for seasonal factors, 
rose by 5,600 in May to a 
record 3.208,600 - 13.3 per 
cent of the workforce. 

This was a bigger rise than 
in April when there was a 
4,400 increase, but smaller 
than toe sharp monthly rises 
over toe winter. Officials 
believe that toe jobless total is 
rising by an underlying 10,000 
to 15,000 a month. 

The unadjusted jobless to- 
tal including school leavers, 
declined, as is normal in May. 
It dropped by 54,166 to 
3.270,892, or 13.5 per cent of 
the workforce. 

In the 12 months to April 
average earnings rose by 8.7 
per cent. The underlying in- 
crease, after allowing for back 
pay, was 7.5 per cent This is 
stDI almost three times toe 


expected inflation figure for 
May, to be announced today, 
of about 2.6 per cent Lord 
Young ofGraunam, toe Secre- 
tary of State for Employment, 
said that the employed labour 
force rose by 279,000 last year. 

An independent and com- 
prehensive new study fore- 
casts, however, that toe 
British economy will at best 
produce an extra 1 75.000 jobs 
between now and 1990, and 
that employment is more 
likely to drop by 125.000 from 
1985 levels. 

The study — from the 
Occupations Study Group, 
made on toe initiative of the 
leading industrialist. Sir Aus- 
tin Bide — was based on toe 
forecasts of 3.000 big and 
small employers. 

It foresees 540,000 new jobs 
in service industries being 
swamped by toe loss of more 
than 600,000 in production 
industries. 


These forecasts are slightly 
more gloomy than a compara- 
ble study last year. 

Kenneth Fleet, page 21 



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connections. 

Swindon goes a long way to meeting big business's 
needs - by being a short way from everywhere that 
counts. 

London is 50 minutes by train, Heathrow an hour 
by road. The opening of the M25 has slashed journey 
times to Gatwick. 

And the town's digital communication services 
make it one of the most advanced telecommunication 
centres in the UK. Facilities here include X-stream and 
will soon be enhanced by System X. 

No wonder Swindon is connected with some of 
the biggest names in national and international 
business - most recently, Honda and IBM-Rolm. 

Do you have the right connections? Get the Fact File. 

Contact Douglas Smith, Industrial Adviser, 

Civic Offices, Swindon, Wilts. Tel: (0793) 26161 . 
or Telex: 444449. g 


14449. M 

S M 

•/EN 


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ENTERPRISE 


inster 
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lOENIX 
Uf-year to 
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Loss be- 
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r i tain and may 


The local authority has a range erf sites, available 





- 2 HOME NFWS 


THF. TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


Security tight 
as IRA issues 
statement on 
Bombing trial 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 


Police across Britain yester- 
day tightened security against 
a possible Provisional IRA 
attack in the aftermath of the 
conviction at the Central 
Criminal Court of Patrick 
Magee, the Brighton bomber, 
and four other members of an 
active service unit 

They were convicted of 
planning to bomb four Lon- 
don targets and holds or 
beaches in 12 resorts and 
ports. The first bomb on a 
detailed calendar bad already 
been set by Magee ax the 
Rubens Hotel opposite the 
royal mews at Buckingham 
Palace when police moved in. 

As the five await sentence 
the IRA in Belfast published a 
statement yesterday, claiming 
that it would have issued 
warnings for the bombs the 
unit were to plant. The state- 
ment said that no final deri- 
sion on the campaign had 
been taken. 

A warning would have been 
issued for the bomb that 
Magee planted in the Rubens 
Hotel, it said, and added that 
the IRA had raised the alarm 
when bombs had been left 
dose to the scene of visits by 
the Queen, in Coleraine in 
1977 and at Sullom Voe, 
Shetland, in 1981. 

The statement said that 
newspaper accounts of the 
unit's plans ranged from the 
sublime to the ridiculous; the 
Royal Family, sporting events 
and exhibitions were not 
targets. 


It added: "There is a mo- 
mentum behind our campaign 
which no British government 
can stop. We want peace and 
we appeal to the British people 
to put pressure on their Gov- 
ernment to withdraw from our 
country and allow Ireland to 
determine its own political 
future, free from outside 
reference." 

The statement implies that 
campaigns in Britain wifi con- 
tinue. Special Branch officers 
and Scotland Yard’s anti- 
terrorist branch have no intel- 
ligence to suggest that a fresh 
unit has been smuggled into 
Britain, but no chances will be 
taken. Trooping the Colour 
ceremony in Whitehall tomor- 
row will involve a large uni- 
formed and plainclothes 
police presence and the area 
will be carefully checked be- 
fore the start of the 
ceremonials. 

A senior Yard officer said 
yesterday: “One can't rule out 
the possibility that the Provi- 
sional IRA will do something 
just to let us know they are still 
in business." 

Police believe, however, 
that if the IRA is planning a 
fresh attack it will be later in 
the year. There has not been 
any attack in Britain since 
Magee and four others were 
captured in a Glasgow flat a 
year ago, and it is thought that 
the arrests may have plunged 
the IRA infrastructure in Brit- 
ain into chaos. 



Twelve cellists and soprano rehearsing for a concert last night at the Wigmore Han in tribute to Pierre Frontier, toe ceDjst,who ffieffest 

{January. Left to right: Christopher Banting, E m ™ FenranA, Ralph Kirshbanm, Steven Isserlis (hSMen), Raphael Wa TIns c n , Carolrae Dale, Jennifer 
Smith, Derek Simpson, Amaryllis Fleming, Jonathan Wfifiams, Raphael Sommer, Antonio Lysy and Moray Welsla (Photograph" duis Harris). 


Irish seek 
man held 
in France 

The police in the Irish 
Republic may sedc the extra- 
dition of a man held in France 
who was arrested daring a 
terrorist gnn-rnnning 
operation. 

A police spokesman m Dub- 
lin said yesterday that they 
were waiting for confirmation 
of the identify of the man from 
Northern Ireland before 


The police have a warrant 
for Sean Hughes, aged 28, 
from Belfast, to faoe a charge 
of murdering a Dublin police- 
man in February 1982. 

Police at Le Havre arrested 
five people mdnding a man 
they named as Sean Hughes 
whom they described as a 
member of the INLA ter ro rist 
group. They said toe five were 
attempting to smuggle aims 
from the United Stales 
through France to Ireland. 


Droppin’ Well life terms 


Four members of the out- 
lawed Irish National Libera- 
tion Army were each 
sentenced to life imprison- 
ment at Belfast Crown Court 
yesterday for murdering 17 
people in the bombing of a 
discotheque used by British 
soldiers. 

A fifth person involved in 
the atrocity at the Droppin’ 
Well public house at 
Ballykeliy, Co Londonderry, 
was given 10 years in prison 
for the manslaughter of 11 
soldiers and six civilians. 

Eleven soldiers and six ci- 


By Richard Ford 

vilians. including five young 
women, died in the attack on 
December 6, 1982. 

The trial ended suddenly 
when the five accused, all 
from Londonderry, changed 
their pleas to guilty. They 
were: Anna Moore, aged 40; 
her sister, Helena Semple, 
aged 29; and Semple's boy 
friend. Earnon Moore, aged 
25, who entered the disco- 
theque with another person on 
the night of the bombing, and 
left the device. The judge 
sentenced Mrs Moore to life 
imprisonment for each of the 


17 murders, and rite received 
concurrent sentences, for ter- 
rorist crimes Semple 
and Earnon Moore each re- 
ceived life sentences for the 
murders, and concurrent jail 
terms for attempted murder. 

Patrick Shorter, aged 39, 
also received life for the 
murders and other concurrent 
sentences for terrorist charges 

Mrs Moore's daughter Jac- 
queline, aged 22, admitted the 
manslaughter of the 17 vic- 
tims. She was jailed for 10 
years 


Crimes show 7% increase 


The Government's law and 
order policies, set to become a 
significant issue at the next 
general election, suffered a 
serious blow yesterday with 
the publication of Home Of- 
fice figures showing a 7 per 
cent increase in recorded 
crime in England and Wales in 
the first quarter of the year 
and an leper cent rise in 
robberies. 

The figures compare the 
first quarter of this year with 
the same period of 1985. Last 
year's comparable increase in 
recorded crime was only 3 per 
cenL 

There is already concern 
among Conservative MPs 
about crimes of violence 
which rose by a further 5 per 
cent and will be bound to 


reinforce calls for ma nd a t ory 
sentences for a number of 
offences. 

The crime figure could have 
been even higher if the rate of 
increase had not slowed from 
12 to 6 per cent for sexual 
offences. A rise of 16 per cent 
in fraud and forgery in the first 
quarter of 1985 was turned 
into a foil of 3 percent. 

But hopes for success in 
combating burglary after a 
growth of neighbourhood 
watch schemes have 
beendashed. A foil of 3 per 
cent in the first quarter of 
1985 has been replaced this 
year by an 8 per cent increase. 

The Home Office statistics 
can be seen in a slightly less 
gloomy light by viewing 


changes during the 12 months 
of April 1985 to Match 1986. 

Even so the overall increase 
in recorded crimes over the 
corresponding previous 12 
months was 4.1 per cent and 
violence against the person 
rose by a more alarming 
6.1 per cent Robbery over 
this longer period wait up by 
13 per. cent and burglary was 
practically static. 

Recorded sexual offences 
increased by 5 per cent and 
nearly half of the rise came 
from more rapes: 

Home Office Statistical Bul- 
letin, issue 16/86 (Statistical 
Department, Home Office, 
Tofwortfa Tower, Surbiton, 
Surrey, KT6 7DS; £1.50). 


Health 

service 

survey 

The Prime Minister an- 
nounced today a nationwide 
review to improve the mea- 
surement of health service 
needs across the country. 

She disclosed this in a letter 
to Mr John Wheeler, Conser- 
vative MP for Westminster 
North, who last month de- 
nounced as “sheer political 
madness" the Government's 
policy of taking health service 
spending out of London to the 
poorer parts of the National 
Health Service. 

Mrs Thatcher told him: 
“Theway, in which this policy.! 
is implemented requires great 
care. 


No easy solutions to 
Wapping, Willis says 


million pre-tax 
profits for the half year. 
An encouraging start,..” 

3Hfahtigfi1sfromSIR 
statement to shareholders. 

Your company has now concluded a successful recapitalisation and 
has a much stronger balance sheet The results for the first half year 
show a pre-tax profit of £7-8m, compared with £4.8m in 1985. 
Achieving cost competitiveness remains a problem. 


Westland Helicopters 
and Helicopter 
Customer Support 
Turnover up 4.3%. Delivery of 
the 21 Westland 30 helicopters 
to India is now underway, and 
the order from Germany for 5 
more Lynx shows a welcome 
confidence in the company. 

Westland Aerospace 
A good first half performance 
with orders for two API-88 
hovercraft as well as the first 
firm order from Sikorsky. 
Turnover at £26.4m up £15.3m. 
Profits up £0.7m to £2.7m. 

Westland Technologies 
Despite a drop in orders during 
the first half year most of which 


has now been made good, 
turnover was up 8.5% at 
£432m and profits before tax 
were up £0.2m at £5.3m. 

International Development 
Whilst remaining first and fore- 
most a British public company, 
Westland now has stronger links 
with both Europe and the USA 
We attach great importance to 
the EH101 our joint helicopter 
programme with Agusta of Italy, 
which is in an advanced stage of 
development Plans for the 
manufacture of the Black Hawk 
under licence are progressing 
and we are participating in the 
multi nation study for the 
European NH90 and Light 
Attack Helicopter programmes. 



M In conclusion, I believe that we have made an encouraging start 
to your company’s recovery programmed 


WESTLAND 

Westland pIcYeovO England 


COTES OFTHEIPfTFRIM REPORT CAN BE C®TAINEDFRCW THE CCMAWSECREHAKY. 


Mr Norman Willis, General 
Secretary of the TUG, held 
informal talks yesterday with 
leaders of three of the . unions 
in the News International 
dispute and then told dele- 
gates at the Sogat *82 confer- 
ence in Scarborough that he 
could offer no easy solution 
(Peter Davenport writes). 

Mr Willis told the delegates 
be was painfiilly aware of toe 
limited help he was offering. 
He said he was deliberately 
avoiding making unrealistic 
pledges. The choices feeing the 
unions were limited and 
difficult. 

"Heavy unemployment, 
surplus labour and new tech- 
nology are all creating oppor- 
tunities for employers to try 
and break out from union 
influence," Mr Willis said. Mr 
Rupert Murdoch, chairman of 
News International, was a 
prime example. 

The unions had the choice 
of fighting to keep what they 
had or adapting to new condi- 
tions. Either way the conse- 
quences were not especially 
attractive. 

"If yon fight and lose, you 
lose everything. If you adapt 
you may still lose some things 
which Have been very dear to 
the organization," Mr Willis 
said. 

The unions might fight and 
win, he said, but the economic 
circumstances and new tech- 
nology were in the employers’ 
favour. 


Mr Willis attacked state- 
ments by News International 
that toe 5,500 strikers had 
dismissed themselves. He said 
the printers had been goaded 
into resisting the transfer of 
work to toe new plant at 
Wapping. 

He said: "We have seen the 
ruthless and unprincipled op- 
portunism of News Interna- 
tional; their cynical use of the 
law, their blatant tinkering 
with company structures to 
avoid liability and their total 
disregard for any serious obli- 
gation to their former employ- 
ees and their unions." - 

Earlier Mr Willis held infor- 
mal talks ' with tire general 
secretaries of Sogat, the Na- 
tional Graphical Association 
and the National Union of 
Journalists. 

He said he would rail a 
meeting of all five unions 
involved, including the engi- 
neers and electricians, at TUC 
headquarters next : week, • 
• Mr David Fingteton, 'a 
Highbury magistrate, said yes- 
terday that the violence' in the 
Wapping dispute could lead 
the country into anarchy. He 
fined William Hart, aged 45, a 
London Standard van driver, 
of Sheldon Close, Cbeshunt, 
Hertfordshire, £250 for dam- 
aging a TNT delivery van in 
Finsbury Park, north London, 
in February. 

Mr Fingfeton said the courts 
would shortly be considering 
prison sentences for similar 
offences. 


Judges call for centre 
for legal research 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

institute's board of manage- 
ment which is chaired by Lord 
Scarman, and indudes a num- 


A group of senior j 
lawyers and professors of 
have put forward plans for the 
creation of the country's first 
national centre of legal 
research. 

They have submitted pro- 
posals to the senate of London 
University that its Institute of 
Advanced Legal Studies be the 
basis of a new, national “cen- 
tre of excellence for legal 
research" with a full-time 
director and funds to commis- 
sion and undertake 
research. 

At present the institute, 
which is run under the part- 
time directorship of Sir Jack 
Jacob, the former Supreme 
Court Master, is chiefly a 
library and postgraduate cen- 
tre. Bin it was mentioned by 
the University Grams Com- 
mittee in its recent rankings as 
“outstanding" and it is one of 
only two main law libraries, 
the other being the Bodleian, 
at Oxford. 

The proposals, which have 
been agreed in principle by the 
university's finance and gen- 
eral purposes committee, are 
being put forward by the 


five heads- of London 
University's law schools. 

Professor Jeffrey JowdL 
head of the law school at 
University College, said there 
had long been a need for a 
national research centre in this 
country. “We feel this is a 
major development and we 
are delighted to be part of it." 

There were one or two 
institutes, such as 
Oxford Centre for Socio- 
Legal Studies, but none that 
dealt with the ail the main 
areas of law. 

The proposals have yet to be 
approved by London 
University’s senate which will 
consider them chi July 9. They 
will involve a substantial in- 
crease in funding above the 
institute’s present grant of 
some £500,000 a year, but the 
plans are to tap the private 
sector for funds for " legal 
research, as well as to promote 
its library services to the 
profession and charge eco- 
nomic fees. 


Teachers 
end GCSE 
boycott 


Education 
The 


Sale room 


Cafe Anglais brandy 
draws £3,300 record 


By Isabelle Anscombe 

A rather squat, amber col- 
oured bottle of brandy, nearly 
200 years old, set a new 
auction record at Christie's 
sale of finest and rarest wines 
yesterday when h sold to a 
Swiss collector for £3300 
(estimate £600 plus). -There 
woe several under-bidders. . 

The previous auction 
record for cognac, set. at 
Christie's last December, was 
£1 . 1 50 for a bottle dating from 
1811. the year of the Great 
Comet- comet years are sup-' 


posed to produce great 
vintages. 

The early moulded bottle 
had a glass shoulder seal 
embossed with the words 
‘Close de Griffier. Vieux Co- 
gnac, L7Sy and also a lead cap 
embossed with the words 
‘Cafe Anglais, Paris’. The Cafe 
Anglais was renowned for its 
cellar: on 7 June 1867 three 
emperors - Napoleon III. 
Franz-Josef of Ausiria-H unga- 
ry and Alexander 1L of Rnsr 
sia- dined' . there, together.- 
The restaurant closed in 1913.. 

•. ’ ‘ -T •' 



imir u * announced yesterday 
that it is dropping jts boycott 
of t raining for the ne w GCSE 
aaBht Bwj hat is instructing 
its members to do administra- 
tion and assessment for it 
within school hours only. 

The National Association of 
Schoolmasters /Union of 
Women Teachers has been 
forced to abandon its boycott 
because of the determination 
of Mr Kenneth Baker, Secre- 
tary of State for Education and 
Science, to press ahead with 
introduction of toe examina- 


tion this September. 

It has also been under 
pressure from members who 
saw toe National Union of 
Teachers attending training 
courses in defiance of advice 
from their union. 

The new examination to 
replace O levels and CSE 
includes a large element of 
continuous assessment. At 
least 20 per cent of a student’s 
work will be marked by his or 
her own teachers 

News of the decision against 
toe boycott comes ou the day 
that the. biggest union, tire 
NUT, meets Mr Baker for the 
first time: It is expected to 
drop its boycott of introduction 
of toe new examination be- 
cause of the£20 miinan extra 
support for it. 



contracts 

CcwtOM 

rCorrespradog . 

-The Ministry of Defence 
yesterday released txs guides . ' 
fines for British portiopatioQ 
in the American Star Vats * 


spite of understandings be- 
tween tire twogovernmemsso 
contracts would be woo with- 
out “vigorous and informed* 
marketing. - 

. The guidelines are distilled 
from a memoramdatnt of un- 
derstanding between Britain 
and the US which was signed 
last December. Ttajandother 
agreements derived from it ate- • 
soil classified, and on some 
sensitive issues, for example 
the exchange eff information, 
yesterday's published guide- 
lines give no indication of toe 
nature of the provisions of the 
memora ndum. 

When opening negotiations 
on the memorandum a year 
ago, Mr Michael Hesdtinc, 
then Secretary of State for 
Defence, made an effort to 
commit the US to provide 
Britain with £1 billion of SDf 
work. He failed to achieve 
this, and so far only £12 mil- 
lion of preliminary contracts 
have been received, and 1 the 
say "there is n o 
sum, nor pte-designated 
list of work for UK 
participation". 

It does, however,, list 18 ■. 
areas of work likely to be 
suitable for UK involvement, 
and says these comprise the 
greater part of the SDI pro- 
gramme as at present con- 
caved. These inchide optical 
computers, signal procesriog 
radar, and aspects of laser 
technology 

One section of the memo- 
randum *whkh is quoted in the 
guidelines says that both 
countries agree that win allow 
each other’s industries and 
universities to compete on the 
same- terms as their own for 
SDI contracts. 

The guidelines strongly rec- 
ommend that no contract is 
id without consulting- 
the SDZ Participation Office, 
which has been set up by the 
M inistry of Defence, as a focus 
for British efforts to win 
research contracts. 


* 


tort told 
if 'code 
honour* 


Solicitors at store 
cleared of ‘touting’ 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
Fourteen solicitors whose senior partners for admitted 


firm took part in a property 
shop . scheme . run by' tire 
department ^torc, Debenham, 
were cleared of breaking pro- 
fessional practice rules .on 
“touting" for business yester- 
day. fix a test ruling, thq 
Solicitors’ Disciplinary Tribn- ‘ 
nal held that Taylor Walker, 
of Harpenden, was not guilty 
of breaches of the rules. 

The firm, which has offices 
across the South-east, set up 
an office in Debenham’s at 
Guildford, Surrey, and Swin- 
don, Wiltshire; as part of its 
“Home Ctentre" service. 

But toe tribunal imposed 
fines of £1,000 each on toe 


breaches of the rules by allow- 
ing junior solicitors to ran 
three offices nnsupervised. • 

The £1,000 fines were im- 
posed on toe senior partners, 
Mr Christopher Beau vo ism, 
Mr David WBson, Mr Thom- 
as Thompson and Mr Paul R. 
Carrd, or the Harpenden of- 
fice; and Mr Michael 
Bottomky of the Welwyn 
Garden City office, both in 
Hertfordshire. 

Fines of £250 were imposed 
on Mr dive Boulton, of the 
Swindon office and Mr Peter 
Read, of the Harpenden of- 
fice. Seven junior solicitors 
were reprimanded. - 


<1 - 


Ministry’s century-old 
freight deal criticized 


By George HR] 


The Ministry of Defence's 
100-year-old arrangement 
with a company which ar- 
ranges for government con- 
signments to be transported 
’ commercial sea freight was 
iticized by the National 
Audit Office yesterday. 

This understanding gives 
the contractor, the -Govern- 


Freight Agent, no i 
) secure value for m 


ment 

five to secure 


.inceiK * 
money, * -i 


The freight agent’s income 
from the public sector, 97 per 
cent of which was from de- 
fence, amounted to £4 mfflion 
mj 984-85, bm generated a net 
profit of £1.5 million, the 
report says. 


RETAILERS DONT LIKE 
>UR LEATHER FURNITURE. 



BUT YOU WILL! 


It's hardly surprising toar we’re not onspeaJdng terms with 
Furniture Recailers. We refuse ro Supply diem, because their 
running costs are too high, and you’d have to pay much more 
for one of our suites if you bought it in a shop. 

VfeonlyseUdir^rio you, » we can-use toebest materials 
and employ the finest craftsmen and still make shop prices look 
ridiculous. 

What’s more we’re happy to guarantee* full refund ifyoaarel 
not entirely happy— because we know you will be. even though toe) 
retailers won’t . 





new vemfme vow fit* Goto r brochure pi 10 leather santpla. 
■04437711 >>. ‘ - • *** 


([•Velr 

s!; 





LLQTD, STATE, TREORCHV, WALK CTC 6PL | i f ' 


>r 




3 




TH£ TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 



HOMJE NEWS 


bedroom drink 


■■m 









LTS 


?! 


A wealthy businessman and 
3 : horse^owner was yesterday 
o cleared of killing a Roman 
*■ Catholic priest- in a bedroom 

' r fighL Dublin's QrcuitCriini- 
-v-nal Coun was told that -Mr 
-l Richard Flynn struck Father 
-etNiall Molloy in self-defence, 
r- Judge Frank Roe also dedd- 
-» ed there was insufficient evi- 
*"denqe to convict Mr Flynn, 
aged 47, of assault causing 
factual bodily harm to Fr 
-i- Molloy, during an argument 
oyer midnight drinks in the 
*.main bedroom of the Flynn 
^ borne, - KJlcoursey House, 
y. Clara, Cb Offaly, last July. 

T- & Molloy, agc& 52, had 
*been sluing on the end of the 
<: couples bed, drinking and 


two. or. three of them could 
have been inflicted by objects 
striking the priest as he fdL" 
Mr Flynn alleged he was set 


.uponby his wife and the priest, 
for 30 


a close family friend-; 
years. . : . J 

The court was told 


that 




when Mr Flynn was asked by 
whether he had found 


■V 

3>3 

■Vi-; 


'j/j. 




-^chatting to Mr Flynn and ids 
. T& 




f'wifc, Teresa, .aged 46, when 
i-.the argument arose over who 
would get the pext drink. .- 
.The judge agreed with a 
<)'■ 5 : defence submission that there 
^was no case to put to the jury. 
i .-At the end of the prosecution 
^evidence, he directed the juiy 
,‘ito find Mr Flynn not guilty. 

*• The judge added: “Because 
■ of the amount of publicity, 
v." .some of which was unpleas- 
t;, j ant, \ noted there was no 
■0 evidence of impropriety on 
" the part of Fir Molloy or Mrs 
['Flynn." 

V He told the jury there had 
' been unpleasant talk because 
.the incident happened In Mrs 
^ Flynn’s bedroom. “It is per- 
-fectly dear from all the evi- 
’dence the relationship was 
^-perfectly proper — not an iota 
*'of evidence showing there was 
^ ^anything' improper in their 
-Telationship." 

Mr Patridc McEntee, for the 
"defence, had earlier submitted 
that the evidence showed that 
:bis client acted tn self-defence 
*. » after Mrs Flynn and the priest 
/had attacked him. The evi- 
i- «dence of Dr John Harbison, 
-T 1 the state pathologist, also indi- 
c- seated that although there were 
i -five blows to the priest's head, 


police -wl 
the priest in a compromising 
position with his wife; be 
repIiedTNo. no, no. Nothing 
litethaT. - - 
Ruber Molloy, a curate at 
Castrecoote, - Co 
Rosscommon, in the Irish 
Republic was staying at the 
country borne of Richard and 
Teresa Flynn afro: attending a 
wedding of their daughter 
Maureen to a hotelier. The 



daughter, a nurse, returned to 
return to the house to discover 
her mother kneeling by Fr 
Flynn’s body. 

The jury was told that the 
priest was a dose family friend 
of the Flynns and shared with 
them a deep interest in horses. 
He had attended the wedding 
and after two days of celebra- 
tion the three returned home 
after an evening with friends 
and were alone in the house 
from 9.45 pm to l am having 
more Hrin|^ r 

Mr Raymond Groarke, for 
the prosecution, said that at 
about midnight Mr Flynn and 
his wife wentio their bedroom 
and Fr Molloy, who had his 
own accommodation in the 
home, joined them- This,. he 
added, was hot unusual and he 
remained at the fool of tbe bed 
talking to the couple. 

Mr Flynn fold police that an 
argument-developed over who 
was going io~gct the next 
drink. Mrs Flymi refused to go 
and Mr Flymi said that he 
would get a drink for himself 

Mr Groarke said- “He 
maintains that he was set on 
by Mrs Flynn and by the 
priest He sthfok his wife once 
and Fr Molloy about five 
times.” 


Fr MoDoy: “No impropri- 
ety,* judge says. 


The priest died shortly af- 
terwards. Tb 



Mr Flynn: Struck priest in 
self-defence 


Tbe court was told 
that he had received quite a 
serious beating, with injuries 
including, a cut to the lower 
jaw which may have resulted 
from a kick or a fall against a 
sharp object. 

when other members of tbe 
Flynn family arrived at the 
house the priest was “at least 
seriously injured or perhaps 
dead". 

Mr Groarke added that the 
only people who really knew 
what had happened were Mr 
Flynn, tbe priest, who was 
dead, and Mrs Flymi. But Mrs 
Flynn, could not under law, be 
required to give evidence 
against her husband. 


Court told 


•i- 


of ‘code 
of honour’ 



nafc 


British win Nissan 


parts contracts 


i, ti. • 


tfitm? “ 


crin 


- A -Greek's , code of honour 
would, not allow an invited 
guest to be turned away, Mrs 
Aliki GouJandrisra friend for 
the past 30 years of Tafci 
Th eod oracopu io$, a society 
columnist for The Spectator, \ I 
and a witness in-riSe HigBj 

z Court libel action against him, 
claimed yesterday,.- -V .. 

.. -Mr ' Theodoracopulos 
claims that Mrs Rosemarie 
Marrie-Riviere, a wealthy so- 
*;aalft£ deeply insulted him 
* when she threw him out ofber 
/house “like a * dog" after 

- inviting him to lunch. 

When Mrs Marae-Riviere 
"bought a house in Greece she 
^should have known how 
-* Greeks behave and their code 
?of honour, Mrs Goulandris 
said on the seventh day of the 
shearing. - # 

i Mr Taki, aged 48, denies 
’• libelling Mrs Marrie-Riviere 
- # ;in his “High Life" column in 
; August. 1982, after the lun- 
cheon at her home in 1982. 

.. But Mrs - Marrie-Riviere 
claims the article made her out 
to be a “high class tan" and a 
coarse and ill mannered 
woman of loose sexual 
morals". 

Mr Charles Moore, the 
present editor of The Specttb 
. tor, said Tala's column had a 
certain element of exaggera- 
‘ lion and fun. It dealt with the 
^ world of the rich, famous and 
^ powerful and depicted their 
' sometimes amusing ways with 
“ a sharp pen. 

:• The hearing continues 
1 today. 


By Edward Townsend 

Nissan yesterday an- Continental Tyres, West- Dray- 

ton, Middlesex? tyres. 


nounced the namesof 27 
British and three Continental 
components- suppliers who 
have been awarded , contracts 
worth a total of £18 million a 
year to make parts for the new 
Bluebird car -to foe assembled 
ax the company’s factory at 
■W&shingfon, Tfog and 'Wean , 
- - The success .of the British 
components industry : in - con- 
-vincing Nissan . that - it will 
meet stringent Japanese quali- 
ty and delivery standards 
gives tiie Washington car 
40 per cent local contenis, 
double the target .set by the 
Japanese two years ago. _ 

Nissan’s UK executives 
now hope that the success of 
the components industry in 
winning the contracts win 
spur the company in Tokyo to 
make a sapid decision to go 
ahead with tbe second phase 
of the Washington project. ■ 

Initially, the £50 million 
plant, which will start produc- 
ing cars early next month, will 
make 24,000 units a year for 
the UK market from kits 
supplied from Japan. The 
second stage envisages further 
investment of £300 million. 


John Cotton; Come, Lancashire: 
sound insulation. 

Dunlop ’Tyres,'- Birmingham 
lyres. 

Firth Furnishings. 

Hcckmondwike, West York- 
shire: c arpe ls. 

-Fulton Cny, Telford, Shropshire: 
fuel and dutch tubes. • 

Griflex Creators* Woking, Sur- 
rey: wind shields and beck fight 
mouldings-''..': 

Guildford- Kapwood 

Somercotes, Derby: fabrics. 
Hertfordshire BTR 

Leichwortb, Herts: door seals. 
Ikeda-Hoover, Washington; 
.seats. 

W. Landers, Birmingham: rods. 
Lucas Batteries, Birmingham: 
batteries. 

Lucas Electricals, Birmingham: 
alternators. 

Lucas Girling, Pontypool 
Gwent brake hoses. 

Morgan Soft Trim, Halesowen, 
West Midlands: sun visors. 

N. P. Ekco, Somhend, Essex: 
instrument panels and bumpers. 
Pianoforte . Plastics 
WeUesbonme, Warwickshire: 
mOuklings. - •' 

- Pflkington Glass, Birmingham: 


The successful suppliers are: 
(UK), Carlisle: seatbelts. 

Avon Industrial - Polymers; 
Trowbridge, Wills: radiators 
and engine hoses. 

Bolton Plastic Components, 
Bolton, Lancs: blow mouldings. 
Britax (Wingard) Chichester, 
West Sussex: dopr mirrors. 

J. Burns, Romford, Essex: parcel 
shelves. 


Primo Graphics, Brecon, 
Powys: chassis number plates. 
S ch lcgd Coalville, Leicester 
seals. 

Supra C hem icals. Bimtin^nun: 


Blackpool: 


infoktots. 

T. I. Nihon, 
exhausts. 

Wfllamot IndusUial Mouldings, 
London: blow mouldings. 
Biaupunkt, West Germany: ra- 
dio mid 

Bosch, Oxbridge: windshield 
wipers, horn andantehna. 
Keller, Germany: sound 
insulators. 


Ulster project wins award 



X. The Derry inner 
.project, in .Londonderry, 
.Northern Ireland,' has " pe- 
rceived the top award in the 
■first annual Community En- 
terprise Scheme, sponsored 
•jointly by. The Times and the 
{Royal Institute of British Ar- 
'Chitects. The Prince of Wales, 
{patron of .the scheme, will 
^present the. awards today, at 
Itiie RIBA in central London. 

; Nine, awards and ll.com- 
biendaiiohs will be presented 
to the “rnost.-inu^mative, 
viable . and need-futfiUing" 
community projects -entered 


By Charles Knevftt,Architectiire Correspondent 

city Trust will get -a cheque for creative energy to work- for 
£2,500, a plaque and a certifi- 
The • Calouste 


this year. Nearly 200 entries: 

ed from through- . 


were received 
out the United Kingdom. '■ 

I The Derry project was cho- 
sen by the assessors to receive 
the Charles Douglas-Home, 
award for the most ouistantP 
tug entry. The Inner City 


cate. 

Gulbenkian Foundation has 
donated £ 10,000 in grants to 
further foe work of the nine 
award winners. 

In his foreword to a special 
report to mark today's event, 
the Rrince says: “It has been 
said that only one thing is 
unstoppable in this world: an - 
idea whose time has' cotnei 
Community .enterprise is; T 
believe, one of those ideas 
-which cap radically transform 
people's lives ibf-tbe better. 

“It does this by enootopgiiig 
them to be intfependent, to 
take- control over their own 
byes, and to have a pride in 


their own benefit and that of 
others." 

Among tbe winners are 
housing projects, small work- 
shops, community centres, 
and .environmental improve- 
ments such as an urban form 
and urban renewal projects. 

The Prince has visited two 
of the winning projects and 
- two which have received an 
honorable mention in recent 
months. He has agreed to be 
patron again of nett year’s 
-scheme, which will' be 
launched in September. 

A booklet called Communi- 
ty Enterprise will be published 
by The Times and the 
Gulbenkian Foundation nett 


themselves., and . their .month. Copies are available 
neighbourhoods; by creating free, and details are in foe 
opportunities for selfexpres- Special Report, pages 16 and 
Sion and by putting their 17.. . 


Moore ‘well’ 
after operation 


Mr Patrick Moore, aged 63, 
the.atronomer. was yesterday 
recovering in hospital after an 
emergency thyroid operation 
that he claims saved his life. 

He -was admitted .to the 
King Edward Vfi Hospital at 
Midhurst, West Sussex, bn 
Monday with- what he de- 
scribed yesterday as a “poten- 
tially lethal rogue thyroid with 
a large lump the size of an 
orange” pressing on his wrad-' 
pipd. He "hopes to.be back at- 
home in Sefeey. Wen Sussex, 
lornmontw ' • V * . , 


Hospital visits banned 
because of virus 


Visits to patients at a psy- 
chiatric hospital have been 
slopped after 130 people there 
caught a mysterious virus. 


- Mr David Browa, lateral 
manager at . St ■ Mary’s -at , 
Stannington, . Northumber- 
land, said 92 patients and 38. 
staff had been affected by the 
infection, which led ta .diar-" 
rfaoea and vo miting, - - ’ 


Tt was believed foe out- 
break, which b^anlast week- 
end; 'w^ under cratitAT' : < 


•- The outbreak led ; Mr 
Kumar Sandy, rnional secre- 
taiy of the ConfwJe-ration of 
.Heafth Service Employees, to 
cteim. tint cleaning standards 
•had dropped because of a staff 
cutback to reduce costs at foe 
580-b«i hospital 
" ' ; But Mr Brown said a health 
-authority, microbiologist, had 
found that the injection was 
diie to a Vfriis passed between 
people-anti had nothing to da 
with the- hosjntai’s state of 
’dianliness, which .was good. 



Doctors on 
panels told 
to oppose 
secrecy 


Kdren Morse, the British women's champion, in practice yesterday at Bedfont, west London, for the World Cup water 
skiing championships, which take place today and tomorrow (Photograph, Peter Trievnor). 


MPs seek dog fee abolition 


notes that ministers might 
find it “helpful" if it climbed 
down from the fence. 


It says that about three- 
quarters of the population are 
not dog owners, and that on 
grounds of health, hygiene and 
safely they would welcome 
wardens on tbe streets. 


By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

A group of MPs yesterday Environment Minister in Its latest report, however, 

chaigeofthe nation's kennels, ‘ " ~ = 

emphasized that no decision 
had been taken about foe 
licence foe. 

Abolition was one option, 
be said, and added that he 
hoped it would be possible to 
announce a decision soon. 

Ministers are torn between 
taking the risk of enraging 
bodies such as tbe Royal 
Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Animals by abolish- 
ing the licence, or hazarding 
the loss of the dag4over$' vote 
by raising the foe to realistic 
levels. 

Tbe environment commit- 
tee has so for confined itself to 

pointing out the growing mis- development would not also 
matefibe tween Income be accepted by responsible dog 

expenditure. owners. 


called for abolition of the dog 
licence fee, and said that 
ministers should instead con- 
sider giving local authorities 
the power to issue their own 
licences. 

The money raised could be 
used, they suggest, to pay for 
employing dog wardens. 

The call from foe all-party 
environment committee came 
as ministers continued to fret 
over what to do about the 
37ftp licence foe, which costs 
£3.87 million- to collect and 
raises only £900,000 in reve- 
nue - a net loss to the taxpayer 
of £2.97 nifliion. 

The plea followed an ad- 
journment debate in the 
House of Commons in which 
Sir George Young, junior 


Their duties would cover 


rounding np strays, bri: 


rays, bringing 
als to heel in 


boisterous animals to heel in 
parks and playing fields, and 
preventing the fouling of 
pavements. 

The report says:“We find it 
hard to believe that such a 


Masons to 
alter oath 
of secrecy 


Newly-adopted Freemasons 
will no longer be forced to 
repeat foe pledge that their 
tongues will be cut out and 
foeir throats slit if they break 
their oaths. 

The United Grand Lodge, 
foe society’s governing body, 
said yesterday it had decided 
to remove references to physi- 
cal penalties in candidates* 
obligations after suggestions 
by foe Grand Master, foe 
Duke of Kent 


Instead, the penalties drawn 
up in 1 730, will be described 
to tbe candidate during the 
initiation ceremony. 


Doctors recruited to De- 
partment of Health and Social 
Security or other medical 
advisory committees are rec- 
ommended not to accept the 
secrecy imposed under the 
Official Secrets Act over mat- 
ters where public health re- 
quires otherwise . 

The proposal comes in a 
letter in the British Medical 
Journal from Professor Geof- 
frey Rose, an eminent physi- 
cian who has also been a 
.member of numerous adviso- 
ry bodies. 

Professor Rose, of foe Lon- 
don School of Hygiene and 
Tropical Medicine, also asks 
foe British Medical Associa- 
tion to put pressure on Gov- 
ernment to exclude from the 
Act all those advisory bodies 
whose business is not related 
to national security. 

Professor Rose's call for 
action came after a statement 
by Mr.Barney Hayhoe, Minis- 
ter for Health, showing that 
“foe application of foe Official 
Secrets Act is far wider than 
most of us ever realized”. 

Some of the supplementary 
bodies shrouded by official 
secrecy were foe Advisory 
Committee on Gene Modifi- 
cation Therapy, foe Commit- 
tee of Medical Aspects of 
Radiation and foe Environ- 
ment. the Community Medi- 
cine Inquiry, foe Overseas 
Doctors Study Group, tbe 
Leprosy Opinion Panel, tbe 
Working Group on the Safety 
of Nuclear Magnetic Reso- 
nance Imaging, foe Small 
Grams Committee and 36 
others. 

Professor Rose said discre- 
tion and not foe Act should be 
the doctors' guide. The Act 
covered a widening range of 
politically sensitive matters , 
and no one could know in 
advance what might be classi- 
fied, perhaps retrospectively, 
as “official". 



<c 


Tell me everything you know. 


W 


As everybody knows, com- 
puters know everything. 

Your problems start when you 
try to coax the information out of 
them. Cobol. Fortran. Basic. These 
things have more languages than 
the Tower of Babel. 

Then, of course, the people 
who know about computers don’t 
seem able to pass this wisdom on 
to the rest of us. Just try talking 
to - sorry, interfacing with - one 
of these bods. 

If you don’t know your bit 
from your RAMS, you’re at sea in 
minutes. - 

Try talking to Philips. 


For two decades, we’ve been 
Europe’s leaders in office automa- 
tion. We got there by understanding 
that you don’t have to know all 
that these wonderful machines can 
do. What you have to know is 
what they can do for you. 

Which is why we’re the only 
people to provide absolutely 
everything your business needs. 

From dictation machines 
to computers. Via ’phones, 
switchboards and dozens of 
other time and cost saving 
' devices. 

UjtCgp-** Of course, it’s always reassur- 
* * ing to know that Philips are far 
ahead in the race to develop the 
new generation of products. 

We are, for instance, pioneer- 
ing the technology which will put 
the power of the microchip into a 
credit card. 

And our MEGA-RAM project 
is researching high capacity mem- 
ory chips. Damn. That’s blown it. 
The jargon just slipped out. Now 
we sound like computer experts. 
Which, of course, is what we are. 


Please sent! me a copy of your new office auiomauon 
catalogue 


Name 

Position 

Company 

Address 


Fbsicode — Tei. No cti 

Sain Eimjiiii} Desk. Philips Buune%v Sv^ieim. Elektra Hoax, 
Bergholt Road. Colchester. Esses CCM 5BE 
Telephone 020OS75HS (Out of office hours call 0206 66251 > 



Business 

Systems 


PHILIPS 


I 




:fh.u 


f 


, the 
that 
st In 
extra 
lesby 
etc is 
■in its 
: next 


its, at 
from 
ullion 
£725 
£900 


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n, the 
il ser- 
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lyggin 


inster 
ng its 
ertsey) 
her of 
i News 
sPress. 
npleted 

h. 

it, AFV 
er 2 pto 
ned its 
ent to 
irt Ben- 
k acting 
another 
\PV at 


•r a total 
iares,or 
s votes, 
t 955p. 


et office 
nent car- 
nt is es- 
impleied 
million. 
ER RE- 
NVEST- 
Second 
.73p for 
1986. 
3p. This 
directors' 
lerim re- 
1 5p and a 
period to 


; corp: 

I. 1986. 
in (£6.58 
£333.052 
per share 
Ip). The 
company 
je second 
3 auction 
ig and it 
.-crop and 
union. 
IOEN1X 
ilf-year 10 
Turnover 
Loss be- 
5 31-914). 
t 36.1 7p 


S. 


>op into 


W 8256 

CCS 


rmation 


>Iication 
am tried 
th our 


(£499 ex 
torage. 
■ger 11 
5).* It 

»r Prestel. 
(worth 


....£99.95 


....£99.00 


imsfor 

.£49.95 



nutn and may 




PARLIAMENT JUNE 12 1986 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 

S Africa sanctions • Ulster assembly 



Thatcher: door must 
not be closed on 
further negotiations 


N Ireland may get new assembly 


•iadcr 

driven i 

W — # 


DEVOLUTION 


SOUTH AFRICA 


Mrs Thatcher, the Prime Min- 
ister, stoutly resisted an invita- 
tion to lift what was described as 
her veto on economic sanctions 
against South Africa when Mr 
Peter Shore, shadow Leader of 
the Commons, sought her re- 


action to the report, just pub- 
lished, of the Commonwealth 


lished, of the Commonwealth 
Eminem Persons’ Group. 

We must not (die said) close 
the door on further negotiations. 
The Prime Minister said the 


Government was studying the 
report carefully and would be in 


report carefully and would be in 
touch with the Commonwealth 
and Britain's European and 
other economic partners. Seven 
Commonwealth heads of gov- 
ernment would be coming to 
London in August to discuss it. 
Mr Shore, deputising for Mr 
Neil Kin nock, described the 
EPG report as very sombre and 
referred also to the declaration 
of a state of emergency in South 
Africa. 

Is not plain to the Prime 
Minister (he went on) that bo- 
stance at Nassau last October 
was totally misjudged, and that 
political progress against apart- 
heid cannot be made without 
effective and concerted eco- 
nomic pressure on South Africa. 

Detailed measures need ar- 
gent consideration with our 


and whether she is now remov- 
ing her veto upon economic 
sanctions on which she has 
previously insisted. 

Has she or has she not 
decided to remove that veto? 
Mis Thatcher What he is 
complaining about is that we are 
going to consider this report 
carefully with our partners be- 
fore reaching conclusions. 

He knows full well what the 
conclusions state: “We are not 
' detentlining the nature or extent 
of any measures which might be 
adopted or their effectiveness." 

It is a report that has taken a 
long time to complete. I am not 
aware the phrase "economic 
sanctions" appears in the 
conclusions. 

Mr Shore: The word 
"sanctions" has been used by 
leading members of the EPG. 
Paragraph 352 states: “We are 
convinced that the South Af- 
rican Government is concerned 
abouL the adoption of effective 
economic measures against it" 

If that is not the equivalent of 
sanctions, I do not know what 
is. 

Mrs Thatch pt He is complain- 
ing that we shall take great care 
in considering this report and in 
consulting the Commonwealth 
and our economic partners. 

The Labour Government said 
in 1977 after the Soweto debate 


Commonwealth partners. But 
the House and the Common- 


the House and the Common- 
wealth are entitled to know from 
the Prime Minister now whether 
she accepts the principle of 
economic sanctions against 
South Africa. 

Mrs Thatcher We have just 
received the EPG report and we 
are studying it carefully. There is 
time indeed for all concerned, 
including the South .African 
Government, lo consider the 
report. 

I shall be meeting the two co- 
chairmen later today. I think we 
must not close the door on 
future negotiations. The group's 
report recognized it was not 
their task to make specific 
proposals about measures. 

We shall therefore be in touch 
with our Commonwealth part- 
ners. our European partners and 
our economic summit partners 
to discuss this report. 

Mr Shore: That was a very 
equivocal, and. for her, a 
surprisingly unclear response to 
what was a unanimous report by 
a committee which spent six 
months at her personal request 
studying events in South Africa. 

The report has been available 
to virtually everyone for the past 
48 hours and she has had plenty 
"of time to consider not so' much- 
the detail of what we need to do 
but the principle of the matter 



Shore: Has Thatcher 
moved her veto? 


in the United Nations: “We 
voted against economic sanc- 
tions against South Africa, to- 
gether with France, West 
Germany, the United Stales and 
some other western countries 
because we do not agree that the 
for-reaching economic measures 
which the resolution calls for 
would produce the changes in 
South Africa which we would 
like to see." 

Mr Andrew Hunter 
(Basingstoke. Q: As the lady is 
not for turning, can we take it 
she will not torn aside from the 
view that further isolation of the 
South African Government and 
the imposition of sanctions null 
achieve many things, one of 


which win not be the creation of 
a more just and equitable soci- 
ety in South Africa? 

Mrs Thatcher We would wel- 
come a more just and equitable 
society in South Africa and 
condemn apartheid. We still 
believe we most hot close the- 
door on future negotiations and 
the group's basic approach of 
promoting dialogue and the 
suspension of violence remains 

correct. 

We will consider this distin- 
guished report very carefully 
and consider it with our Euro- 
pean partners. Commonwealth 
partners and also with the 
governments of the seven indus- 
trialized nations. This is the 
right way to go about it before 
dashing into premature 
conclusions. 

Dr David Owen, Leader of the 
SDP: Can the Prime Minister 
promise the House of Commons 
that when President Reagan- 
applies economic sanctions to 
South Africa she will not turn 
round and follow suit? When 
will she lead world opinion, 
instead of being led by the nose? 

Will she please now, in the 
light of the state of emergency 
which has been declared today, 
say she will be ready to stop 
direct inter-continental flights to 
South Africa? 

Mrs Thatcher: He is well aware 
these are conducted under legal 
contracts which means that 
there are specific legal obliga- 
tions in these contracts which 
cannot, plainly, be abrogated. 

I note be said in an article in 
The Sunday Times of March 24 
1985: “Total or even selective 
trade sanctions will not 
succeed.” (Loud Conservative 
laughter and cheers) 

Mr James Craigen (Glasgow, 
Maryhiil, Lab): When it comes 
to the crunch, is the Prime 
Minister prepared to break the 
Commonwealth rather than 
back stronger concerted mea- 
sures to break the pattern of 
apartheid? 

Mrs Thatcher We shall be 
consulting with the Common- 
wealth. I think at the beginning . 
of August when the seven beads 
of government come to London 
for that purpose. I shall be 
seeing the two co-chairmen of 
the eminent persons group later 
this afternoon. 


; .The Government’s order 
i proposing dissolution of tire 
I Northern Ireland Assembly left 
! open the date for new elections 


Reverend Ian Paisley) even to 
talk with him about the position 


talk with him about the position 
of the present assembly had 
compelled him to reach the 
decision over dissolution with- 
out hearing their views. 

Dissolution did not conflict 
with the Government’s desire 
for devolved government, nor 
with hs commitment to the 

Anglo-Irish Agreement 

Devolution remained the 
Government's preferred option 
and he hoped a future assembly 
would be seen playing a respon- 
sible and valuable role in North- 
ern Ireland. The sooner that 
happened, the better. 

Meanwhile, the Government 
remained ready to discuss with 
all the constitutional parties the 
best way forward. 

■ in particular, (he said) I 
would urge the Unionist parties 
to- return to the House of 
Commons to argue their case 
and to take up the Prime 
Minister's offer to discuss with 
her the four matters proposed: 

• devolution and the possibil- 
ity of a round-table conference; 

• the fixture of the assembly; 

• arrangements for handling 
Northern Ireland business at 
Westminster, 

• new means of consultation 
between the Government and 
Unionist leaders. 

Only if we are prepared to talk 
together and discuss these mat- 
ters (he continued) can we hope 
folly to play our separate but 
complementary roles in bufld- 


Thames crossing 

The Secretary of State for 
Transport hopes to announce 
before the end of July the name 
of the successful bidder for the 
construction of a new crossing 
of the Thames at Dartfond for 
M25 traffic, Mr David Mitchell,. 
Minister of State for Transport, 
said in a Commons written 
reply. 


Rolls-Royce engine 
won on merit 

Mrs Thatcher, the Prime 
Minister, said she was 
delighted that Rolls-Royce had 
won on merit an order to 
supply Cathay Pacific Airways 
with its RB21 1 5424D4 engines* 
for two Boeing 747-400s it had 
ordered with the option of 
seven more to come. 

Sr Pan! Bryan (Boothfeiry.Q 
said this was a promising start 
for the engine which would 
bring many more orders. 

-Mrs -Thatcher said it was very 
good news indeed. Rolls-Royce 
bad an excellent record in 1 
exports. . . i 


HOME 

LAUNDRY 


Comet 

WASHING MACHINES Price 

£176.90 to £349.95 or from £8 a month 

Automatic Spin Speed 

BBJDtX 7003 Electronic 1000 279.99 

CREDA Concorde 17003 1100 279.95 

ENGUSH ELECTRIC 1535W* 800 229 JO 

1545W*. 1000 289.90 

HOOVER 3384 Election _..300 239.95 

3386 Election 1 100 284.95 

HOTPOINT 18873 Mkrotronic 1000 299.95 

2ANUSSI Z9191 1000 28935 

With BuM-in tumble Dryer Spin Speed 

CANDY Turbo 21 800 329.95 

NDE5H Royele 1000 289 39 

TVvin tubs Spin Speed 

ENGLISH ELECTRIC 147SW* 3100 194.95^ 

HQ0VERMATIC S052 2300 219.95 


Z326 c/w tools -.900 

■Supaif Z327 1000 

380-Turbomafic* 1100 

HOOVER S4256 P0wergfide.._.~800 

S3430 Seraotronk 251000 
S3432 Sensotrowc 351000 

PHILIPS P62 800 

.•This price indudes P/X allowance. 

Wet and Dry Ckunets Watts 

PHILIPS HL3765 800 


SOUM3X 


DISHWASHERS 


HOTPOINT 

2ANUSS! 


£19435 to £25935 or from £9 a month 

Plane se t tings 

CANDY 510 Bectionicn 12 224.95 

HOOVER D7114 (Decor panel 

facility) - 12 259.95 

INDESIT 211112260 -.12 19435 

2ANUSSI ZANUSSI SO 14 25435 


CANDV 

HOOVER 


INDESIT 

ZANUSSI 


REFRIGERATION 


R1765 turntable. 30 im 
tinier and 5 variable 

settings (0.6) 169.95 

T2, turntable, 35 min. dud 
speed timer; defrost.. (0-64) 129.95 
M413 stine- fan. 2 heat 
settings, GO min. timer, 
siainJess steel intBrior..(1J) 19935 
T463 turntable, 60 min. 
timet variable power; 2 

position shelf (1.2) 22935 

COMMCT 20701 with 
turntable. 35 min. timer; 5 
pow levels inc 

defrost (0.64) 149.95 

4012, turntable; variable 

tinier (0.6) 149.95 

4Q13S, turntable; 60 min. 

timer — <1.Q)2143S 

4004T touch control, 
variable pmet turntable, 
variable timer — a (1 JJ) 279.95 


TUMBLE & SPIN DRYERS 

£55.90 to £14935 or from £5 a month 

Tumble Dryers Load 

CREDA Concorde 311 6.51b 89.95. 

431 reverse action 91b 129.95 

ENGLISH ELECTRIC 1355WW 61b 89.90 

1375W* 91b 124.90 

HOTPOINT 17451 91b 139.90 

Spin Dryers Spin Speed 

CREDA Concorde gravity 

drain 2800 79.90 

FRIG1DAIRE FD2800 >2800 6435 


VACUUM 

CLEANERS 


REFRIGERATORS 

£7935 to £23935 or from £5 a month 

Gnus Cubic Feet 

ELECTROLUX 122. 1.0 79.95 

572 5£ 135.95 

FRK3IDAIRE R1512 5.5 99.95 

INDE51T T5135 50 89.95 

LEC R135CM .4.0 9705 

R155CM ...50 99.95 

SCAND1NOVA KS 4315 Larder in 

(Brown) 11.1 214.95 

TRIOTY ’VANITY' 33566 5.0 10500 

ZANUSSI 21 165 Lander 5.6 14905 


COOKING 


FRK3IDAIRE 

INDESIT 

LEC 


ELECTRIC COOKERS 

£129.95 to £54935 or from £6 a mor. Ji 

Free-Standing width 

BABY BHjLWG 120 18%* 12905 


£39.90 to £142.95 or from £5 a month 

Upright watts 

ELECTROLUX 502 Super with tools.... 500 7605 

560 Electronic with 

tools' .560 92.95 

HOCVEfi U1220 Turbo Junior.._.400 7605 

U2332 Turbo 410 86.95 

U2336 Turbo Autoflex .410 96.95 

Cylinder Watts 

ELECTROLUX 1S5E Electronic 

c/w tools.* — —.800 66.90 

• •Indudes 2 year guarantee (parts & labour) 



FRIDGE FREEZERS 

£154.99 io £354.95 or from £7 a month 

Capacities stated are Fridge then Freezer. 

Gross Cubic Rwt 

CANCY Compact 7 J.0/4.0 189.95 

Compact 8C -4.S/3.5 19505 

ENGLISH ELECTRIC 2525W* 6.Q/4J 289.95 

HOTPOINT 8632W 3. 51 A 2 259.90 

SCAN Dl NOVA 4355 (White) 9.1/3.4 28905 

4350 (White) 69/50 32495 

4340 (White) 4, 8/7.2 329.95 

4350 (Brown) - 69/5.5 34495 

TWCTTY '\ftmrty' 33866 5.0/29 186.90 

•vanity 33966 5.0/4.0 226.90 

ZANUSSI 18/SR 6.212.6 224.95 

22 1/1 OPR -..6.7/33 264*95 

• indudes 2 year guarantee (parts & labour) 


BELLING Compact 4 4/30T-. 18V 23495 

90DUR Classic 21* 349.95 

format 6D0X (ceramic) .24' 549.95 

CREDA Cameo Deluxe 20' 234.95 

Highline J22” 319.95 

TRIOTY 231 2 -Sceptre Mk U-18K.® 184.95 

2314 White Rose 

Mk HI .21%' 24695 

2313 Caprice Mk II 

double men 18’A* 272.90 

HOB UNITS 

£59.99 to £23939 or from £5 a month 

BAl/Y . E1411 ’Sable' finidi...22H' 74.90 

CREDA 42104 -22%' 99.95 

PHILIPS ‘Hostess' 019 Radiant .22* 94.95 

ZANUSSI VM62S Ceramic 221ft' 22700 


COOKER HOODS 

£37.90 to £66.99 or from £5 a. month 

CONSORT. CREQA. GLEN, WDESIT, PHILIPS, TROY 


DEEP FREEZERS 

£99.95 to £25930 or from £5 a month 

Chest Deep Freezers, Upright Deep F re ezers 
ELECTROLUX. FRJGIDAIRE. HOCVER. M DEBIT, LEC. 
POLAR KING, POLAR QUEEN, SCANDWOW. 
TROY. ZANUSSI 


MICROWAVE 

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inga better future for the people 
ofNorthern Ireland. . 

Mr Peter Archer, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on Northern 


» a fresh assembly because it 
did not seek to abolish the legal 
ha«a< upon which the body bad 
been set up, Mr Tom King, 
Secretary of State for Northern 
Ireland, said in a statement in 
the Commons, following 
months of political boycott of 
the assembly and the virtual 
suspension of its work by tite 
few participants -who were left 
on h- 

He toM MPs that he regretted 
that the refusal of the leaders of 
the two «riain Unionist parties 
(Mr Jaznes Molyneaux and the 


Ireland, said the statement con- 
tained no positive proposal for 
foe immediate future or the 

101 Wheathe assembly had been 
functioning, it bad scr u t inize d 
Northernlreiand policies. That 
role must now be assumed by 
the House of Gammons in aw ay 
more effective than at present 

The Government should 
make greater use of the North- 
ern Ireland Committee. Its busi- 
ness managers should treat 
Northern Ireland business less . 

contemptuously and arrange de- 
bates at less oblique hours. 
Where were the people of 
Northern Ireland to turn now? 

There would be those who 
wonld seek to represent the 
demise of the assembly as a 
consequence of the Anglo-Irish 


account with the respect i know 
he would wish to receive. 

Mr Enoch IfoweB (South Down, 

OUP): The two Unionist par- 
ties; as they were then repre- 
sented m the House, opposed in 
1982 the legislation establishing 
this- assembly with all the re- 
sources - which ' parliamentary 
procedure admitted, 
will he not acknowledge that 
. the judgement of Conservative 
MP5 who supported ns in tint; 
.endeavour to prevent that mis- 
take being made has been 
- validated by the statement he 


. ^sr 


consequence of the Anglo-Irish 
Agreement. 

The people of Northern Ire. 
land would consider it worth the 
price if the agreement contrib- 
uted to their livelihoods, 
environment, community ser- 
vices and civil liberties. 

If those things were seen to 
arise from discussions between 
North and Sooth, Roman 
Catholic and Protestant, would 
the people not denounce' the 
bickering of their politfcpnsi? 

When people cry for bread 
and they get a stone (he said), 
can we be surprised if they turn 
to demagogues, bullies and 
witcb doctors? 

Mr King said the assembly and 
ns committees had done useful 
work in their scrutinizing roles. 

I hope (he said) that we can 
consider the ways in which we 
might meet the concerns over 
the ways in which - Northern 
Ireland business is han dled. 

Mr Julian Amcxy (Brighton, 
Pavilion, Q. Will he acknowl- 
edge that a number ofhis friends 
kept the House up late at night 
warning the. House that this 
assembly would not work? In 



jiUfTL. ~i | | |i 'nAMi 



moratorium on assembles! 


saying “We told you so", may I 
express the hope that he and his 


express the hope that he and his 
colleagues will pay rather more 
attention to our views on North* . 
era Ireland policy than they 
have done hitherto? 

Mr King: I shall of course wish 
to take his views as fully into 


has now found it necessary to 
make? 

Mr King: T do not agree. The 
assembly proved it could dis- 
charge a useful role. It is 
important that people in North- 
ern Ireland fed they have much 
more of an immediate say in the 
administration of the Province. 

Under the present structure I 
exercise a degree of power and 
authority winch I think in a 
democracy raises very difficult 
issues indeed. I would rather see 
a greater authority and 
responsibility for those in the 
Province and I hope very much 
that, while it is unfortunate that 
. the actions of some members of 
the Unionist parties have pre- 
vented this assembly discharg- 
ing its proper functions, we may 
see the day on which that can be 
done. 

Sir John Biggs-Darisoo(Epptng 
Forest, Q: Having, had, since 
the abolition of the Northern 
Ireland Parliament, about as 
many short-lived successive 


assemblies , as - in ■ the French -. 
Revolution, may- 1 ask if the 
Government -will now declare a 
moratorium on assemblies and. 
on political initiatives, rodod- 
ing the nner-govermnenial con- 
ference, and concentrate on foe 
conduct of parliamentary busi- 
ness 

Mr King: He would not expect 
.me to agree with everything he 

has said. I welcome the fact that 

he is prepared to express his 
views and argue for them. I 

would welcome the opportunity 

to sit down and discuss then* 
with ham and I hope he wffljbin 
me in urging everybody else 
interested m the affairs of the 
Province in coming forward and 
having the confidence to argue 

their views as wcIL 
Mr bn Gow (Eastbourne, Ck 
There is a paradox between his 
announcement of the suspen- 
sion, if not foe death, of die 
assembly — one of whose prin- 
cipal ta»5 was to present pro- 
posals for devolution for the 
Province - and saying today 
that the p refe r re d choice of foe 
Government was. still 
devolution. 

Even if that is foe preferred 
solution, would he not not 
exdude from his consideration 
that we should govern Northern 
Ireland similarly to 'foe nay in 
which we govern other parts of 
this kingdom? 

Mr lay We would seek to 


govern Northern Ireland as 
fairly, equally and impartially as 
we seek to govern other pahs of 
foe UK. But to suggest that 
involves . the total 
harmonisation of every struc- 
ture of government flies in foe 
face of experience. 

But it does emphasize he is 
prepared to stand up and argue 
for that and we do need, above 
all, people who are prepared to 
have foe courage to argue their 
case io debate and not to fly 
from this chamber but to come 
here and stand up and argue 
what is the best way forward and 
that iswhail lookto see. 

Mr John Home (Foyle, SDUPX 
leader of the SDLP: I will hardly 
shed any tears . over this 
announcement - which is long 
overdue. May I express oar 
willingness as a party to accept 
Ids invitation to srt down and 
discuss wifo the .Uniionfat par- 


ties dewfatioci or my ofosr 
matter unsmem (6 pone amt 
aabili^fohfo^raf^r 1 

In particular, my party wookl 
very much w elco me — since 
Unionists in Northern &ebnd 
seem io fear for foam more 
than anything ebe foe 
opportunity of talking with 
.'foem io explain to them md set 
oat to ^OT ^re rdct^ w to ocr 

lam gratefalfarJas 
commons and be w*B have 
noted my regret about tto 
prevfrws attitude of foe SEHJL 
Plan of the reason for foe 
statement today goes back to foe 
failure ofhis parry to fake tart at 
that time. So. at feast m foe 
sense that there might be an 
opportunity far aS foe constim- 

tional parties in Northern Ifa. 

land to be prepared to sit down 
and talk consmictivdy,-i dunk 
that is certainty an advance, 

Mr Mariya Rees (Leeds, Soufo 
and Morfey, Lab), a former 
Northern Ireland Secret ar y : Per. 
haps to keep an talking about 
devolution is a pipe dream. 
Equally, to talk about integra- 
tion is a pipedream fbroaedy 
foe same reasons. 

: If both sides in Northern 
Ireland wffl not -sit down and 
talk .with him — I wish fan 
wonkl — they should be asked to 
tit donm together without us 
there. . 

If mHhuig comes out of that - 
and it is very Dkely r- we should 
completely re-assess our policy 
on Northern Ireland.- Maybe 
only ■ that ' thought w$ con- 
centrate foe minds of pedpfe fa 
foe Province. 

Mr King: That concentration of 
minds has perhaps 'followed fa 

part after foe Anglo-Irish Agree- 
menu ft may be possfote m foe 
months ahead to see a suoation 
in whkb there is more interest 
in silting down and talking. 

Mr James Prior. (Waveney, CJ, 
former Secretary of State who 
set up foe Assembly, said foe 
announcement must , crane as a 
great disappointment 

We do not before (he went 
on) that integration fa any 


UtVk 


answer to the problem. In the 
interests offoe united Kingdom 
there has to fie devolved govern- 
ment same time . in Nonhem 
Ireland, if not now. 


ijjng farrnla 




Reassurance on agriculture advice service 


HOUSE OF LORDS 


The Government is to consider 
ways of allaying fears about the 
future of foe Agricultural 
Development and Advisory Ser- 
vices following concern ex- 
pressed from all sides of foe 
House of Lords during the. 
committee stage of the Agri- 
culture BilL 

Giving that assurance,. Lord 
Bdstead, Minister of State for 
Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 
said the Government, was 


widening ADAS*s range-, of 
activities but he took seriously 
foe comments expressed. 

Without giving any commit- 
ment, he said would make some 
response to foe amendments 
proposed but would that would 
take time and he would return to 
it ai aJater stage. - 
lord Stanley ofAlderley<C) had 
moved an amendment 


A further, amendment at- 
tached to this providing for 
consultations between the min- 
ister and producers, he said, 
would ensure the future of the 
service. 


quicken foe spiral of dedme 
Lord Bdstead said foe Govet 


Lord Bdstead said foe Gowera- 
mem recognized the importance 
of foe service to those e n g ag e d 
in agriculture and the country- 
side and the Bill widened its 


Lord Mekhett (Lab) said if the * scope 


Bill was passed unamended 
there was nothing to stop the 
service being wound up and he 
feared that was what the Gov- 


substituting foe word “shall" for - era meat intended to do. 


To make it a statutory duty 
for foe Government toraeet this 
requirement rather tins dis- 
cretionary would raise xnany 


“may" in regard to the pro- 
visions the minister was to 
make for the provision of goods 


nroent intended to do. * problems should -thc appro- 
There had already been mas--- priate advice not be available. 


.. . There had.atreaoy been mas- 
sive cuts in the staff and morale 
was low. The introduction of the 


and services connected with, cha ng es proposed by .the Gov-. 


agriculture and foe qqunfryside. ermnept wegtid hasten and ^unendments- 


Lord Stanley of Alderieysaidin 
viewof foe assurances given be 
would r . c withdraw, v his 


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3 




Financial services 


THE TIMES FRIDAY .n INF, n 1986 


HOME NEWS 


Land use 


Employment patterns 


Insider deals: investigators 
given more powers 


THE CITY 




A new clause was added to the 
Financial Services Bill, when its 
report stage was resumed in the 
Commons, 10 compel offshore 
intermediaries to cooperate with 
investigations into 
insider dealing on United King- 
dom markets. 

Mr Michael Howard, Under 
Secretary of State for Trade and 
Industry, moving the Govern- 
ment new clause, said it should 
prove a worthwhile addition to 
the powers of the investigators. 

If an offshore intermediary 
refused to cooperate ' with an 
inspector, the inspector might 
refer the matter to the court. If 
the court was satisfied that there 
was no reasonable excuse for the 
refusal, it might direct that the 
Secretary of State use his 
powers. 

If the intermediary was not 
authorized, the Secretary of 
State might direct that the 
authorized businesses shall not 
transact specific hinds of busi- 
ness with it. Thus its access to 
the UK markets might be 
restricted or completely cut off. 
Contraventions of the direction 
would be a regulatory offence. 

If the intermediary was not 
authorized the Secretary of Slate 


might serve a notice applying a 
range of sanctions from restric- 
tions on its business to de- 
authorization. 

If an overseas bank, for 
example, could know the iden- 
tity of the principal behind a 
transaction on a UK market 
who might have committed a 
criminal offence but chose not 
to find out. then it was reason- 
able for that: hank to have 
restrictions imposed on its UK 
'.activities. 

Mr Bryan Gorid, for the Oppo- 
sition. said they wished the new 
clause well and would watch it 
carefully to see how well it 
worked in practice. They could 
not be confident it would cover 
- every loophole and every situa- 
tion but it was an important 
step. 

Mr Anthony Nelson (Chich- 
ester, C) said he welcomed the 
extension of: powers in the Bill 
to deal more, toughly with 
insider dealing, which was more 
rife than recognized. It was 
difficult to detect and even more 
difficult to prosecute and 
convict. 

They would: have to look - 
again at this problem if the 
incidence of insider trading 
.continued. 

• Sir WUliam Clark (Croydon 
South, C) moved a new clause 
which would establish a com- 


prehensive register of all those 
employed or proposing to be- 
come employed in buying, sell- 
ing or advising on life assurance 
-or collective ~ investment 
schemes such as unit trusts. 

He sax] they bad to have _ 
brack list and how could there be 
one without some sort of in- 
dependent register? If the Gov- 
ernment resisted this new clause 
he wanted an assurance that 
was -the Government’s opinion 
that the Bin would be sufficiem 
to protect the general public 


Mr Michael Howard said the 
new da use was unnecessary. 
Powers already in the Bill gave a 
substantial control over 
individuals in the investment 
business. The proposal would be 
expensive and this had to be 
balanced against the 
responsibility of assessing its 
value. He had measured the 
critieria and had found the 
proposal warning. 

However, he assured Sir 
William Clark that the 
Government would continue to 
keep the' mailer closely under 
review and that if evidence 
materialized that the 
Government’s judgement 
needed revision he would not 
dose his eyes to that. 

The new danse was then 
withdrawn. 


Next week 


T7u» jpairr business In the House of 
Commons next week will be: 
Moodw: Debate on Opposition motion 
on Mil city hoawtals. European 
Communities < Amend menl> - BUI. 






motion 


Thuridsjjr^uotS on r NotSem 


Debate on the art?. 

Linds wui*' t*!?** 1063 ® *** Hou» Of" 
g&sBfiBS 1 : _ Agriculture BID. committee 
wCQBd tidy 

Spctol Security BUL commit- 

WwlBs ««tty*Pcbaies on housing and 
on the environ mem. 

Ttmrutay. Agiculuirr BUL committee. 


th 


Societies BIB. second 


All names go into the ballot 


■Hie Tory backbench filibuster 
which prevailed Mr Tam 
Daly ell (Linlithgow, Lab) mak- 
ing a strong attack on the Prime 
Minister last Friday has led to 
the Commons being allocated 
another - Friday to rfinnwc 
backbench motions. * • - 
Mr John Biffen, I -fad er of the 
House, said that he would 
arrange for a ballot to be held on 
private members' notices so as 
to- restore the lost Friday. 

Mr Alao WflHams, for the 
Opposition, complained tigrt in 


a new ballot there was at best 
only a one in two chance that a 
Labour backbencher would win 
it and a less than one in 500 
chance that it would be Mr 
Dalyell. The ballot which had 
already taken place should be 
reinstated. That should be en- 
sured in the procedure. 


The Government Chief Whip 
should be asked to use his 
Machiavellian powers to ensure 
that he keeps Tory MPs out of 
the ballot? 


Taking farmland out of production 


AGRICULTURE 


serviE 


The Government was anxious 
to start discussions as soon as 
possible on two sets of ideas 
which it is considering for taking 
farmland out of production — 
known as set-aside schemes — in 
attempts to balance food 
production and consumption, 
Mr Michael Jopliug, Minister 
of Agriculture. Fisheries and . 
Food, said during questions iu 
the Commons. 


land out of production was that 
it ensured a more comprehen- 
sive countryside policy in a 
particular area. 

Mr Jopting agreed. The Gov- 
ernment believed that a set- 
aside scheme should be 
voluntary. Community-wide, 
cost-effective, and provide an 
alternative to those producers 
least able to cope with a 
restrictive prices policy. 

Mr Bryunar John, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on agri- 
culture; said such a scheme 
would be more easily achieved if 


>re easily achieved it 

He said the Government was - iherc was a parallel woodlands 
actively consideriugideaslbr aa policy. , 

EEC-wide voluntary set-aside " It was estimated that 14-15 
.scheme for cereals, as wed as per cent of cereal land in ibis 
studying European Commission- country would Jiave to be taken - 
proposals for set-afcide. . out of production. 

Mr Tsay Baldly ^Banbury, Q :. Mr Jopting did not accept the 
had sard theadvantage of taking ■ figures. He said it would depend 
• ~ 


id a large extent upon the 
amount by which the EEC was 
successful in bringing produc- 
tion and consumption doser 
together. 

We have to look at the whole 
picture of land use (he said). 
•Mr Jopting said later his 
department was conscious of the 
dangers ' of excessive use of 
nitrogen in encouraging plant 
growth and was conducting a 
study of the problem. He hoped 
to see the conclusions of the 
study before very long. 

But we ought to be careful (he 
added) about introducing steps 
to prevent the use of methods of 
producing high, yields which 
hold bade formers in the 
Community whereas their 
competitors in the rest of the 
worid are free to use every 
device to get greater efficiency. 


Changing 
system 
Will not 
be easy 


Economy ‘not on course to 
reduce the jobless total’ 


FARM POLICY 


Expenditure by the European 
Community fat 1985 on the 
storage and disposal of products 
in structural surplus - cereals, 
sugar, milk products, beef and 
wine - was about £73 bUBoa, Mr 
John Gum Trier, Minister of 
State for Agriculture, Fisheries 
and Food, told the Commons. 
The comparable figure for 1988 
was about £4.7 billion or, tf 
inflation was taken into account, 
£&£ button. 

Mr Edward Taylor (Southend 
East, C): £358 million is now 
spent every week by the Com- 
mon Market on du m pi ng , 
disposing or destroy i ng food 
surpluses. Is not this expen- 
diture a shameful insult to • 
health and school anthoril 
age pensioner and unemi 
person, wbo could use the money 
much better? 

Mr Gumtnen It is note sensible 
way to spend money. The 
Government's purpose is to 
sure that sarphtses are pulled 
down and Earn incomes pro- 
tected. it ought to be a triumph 
of agriculture because we have 


Government hopes that the British economy will 
produce enough new jobs to reduce unemployment in 
the medium-term are likely to be frustrated if the fore- 
casts of Individual employers based on present policies 
are borne out {Graham Searjeaat, Financial Editor, 
writes). 

Changes in the pattern of employment in favour of 
part-time and women workers are also likely to be 
greater than previously thought, putting more strains 
on the labour market and creating a need for much 
more training. 

These are the main implications of a pioneering sur- 
vey of the expectations of more than 3,000 large and 
small employers of the trends in the numbers and type 
of employees they will need between now and 1990. 


The industry-by-industry study is the most com- 
prehensive ever conducted, covering about half of all 
present employment. 

It was inspired by Sir Austin Bide, then chairman of 
both Glaxo and BL, who formed the Occupations 
Study Group with the help of other leading employers 
In the wake of evidence that the recovery in jobs after 
the post-1979 recession was not following the usual 
pattern, because of structural and technical changes 
that were not fully understood. 

The study was carried out by the Institute for 
Manpower Studies, mainly in the second half of 1985, 
with questionnaires and interviews at the highest level 
in companies. 


, the 
that 
et in 
extra 
lesby 
ere is 
rnt its 
■ next 


its, at 
from 
tillion 
£725 
£900 


)nsor- 
n,ihe 
J ser- 
lOpto 
iy gain 


Boom for service industries 


too ranch. 

Mr Brynmor John, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on agriculture: 
It is estimated that in five years* 
time the cereal surplus win rise 
to 80 millio n tonnes, a fivefold 
increase. Is it not time that the 
Agriculture -Council did other 
than month generalities and got 
down to solving that problem? 
Mr Gummef: That is what 
weald happen if we did nothing. 
The Agrfenltnre Council has 
already done a great deal, bat 
nothing tike enough. 

We now have a world hi which 
there is too modi food. 


Horse steaks, 
frogs legs 
or snails 


Daring Commons exchanges 
about the slaughter of horses, 
Mr Geoffrey Dickens 
(Littleborough and 

Saddfeworth, Q said: The 
French eat our horses and 
ponies as steaks. If we stopped 
eating their frogs and snails, 
they might consider not eating 
our horses and ponies. 
Mrs Peggy Fenner, Par- 
liamentary Secretary, Ministry 
of Agriculture, Fisheries and 
Food: 1 note his objection to 
horse-meat as a diet. By and 
large that. might be shared by a 
large number of people in this 
country, but I would not like to 
speak on behalf of those who eat 
grenouilles and escargots. 


The report, to be published 
later this month, concludes 
that production industries, in- 
cluding construction and ener- 
gy. will lose more than 
600,000 further jobs by 1990, 
but that service industries will 
create some 540,000 new ones. 

This implies an overall 
shrinkage of 125,000 jobs 
between 1985 and 1990. But 
the IMS emphasizes that this 
is a central forecast that could 
vary by up to 300,000 in either 
direction. The outlook could 
be better,for instance, if the 
optimism of new companies 
proves accurate, rather than 
being matched by the usual 
high death rate of infant 
enterprises. 

Two large sectors — distrib- 
utive, financial and business 
services and leisure and other 
services — should between 
them provide 700,000 extra 
jobs. The main areas of job 
creation here are financial 
services, at present enjoying 
explosive growth, and the 
hotel and catering industry, 
where increased and more 
sophisticated tourism (for 
Bn to ns as well as foreign 
visitors) is allied with tbe 
trend for more eating out in 
restaurants and expansion of 
fast food chains. 

Much of the shift from 
production to service, howev- 
er, reflects the continued de- 
termination of large 
employers to- subcontract pe- 
ripheral pans of their business 
to specialists, often small 
companies. 



SERVICES INDUSTRIES 

PRODUCTION INDUSTRIES | 

\ 1 EXPANDING OCCUPATIONS i 1 

All professions 
Part-time 
support services 
Part-time 
personal services 

Engineers, scientists 
and technologists 
Technicians 
Multiple-skilled 
craftsmen 

1 1 CONTRACTING OCCUPATIONS I I 

Managers 
and administrators 
Technicians, craftsmen 
and operatives 
Full-time 
support services 
Full-time 

personal services 

Single skilled 
craftsmen 
Operatives. 

Support services 
(eg clerical) 

Personal services 

Source: ims/DSG Study 


halt the expected further mod- 
est decline in jobs. There is 
also some evidence that ser- 
vice sectors that might other- 
wise be creating more jobs, 
such as sporting facilities or 
health, are being constrained 
by cash limits where they 
depend on public sector 
finance. 


Strong shift to 
small firms 



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ipi 

count for more than half the 
jobs “created” in services and 
“lost” in production indus- 
tries. Cleaning services is one 
of the fastest growing indus- 
tries. 

This process, in particular, 
has important implications 
for the changing structure of 
jobs. Within the overall 
changes, there will be a strong 
shill from big to small firms — 
which are expected to in- 
crease their share of the 
workforce by 700,000 — and 
in self-employment, which is 
forecast to grow by 300,000. 

The new jobs will not be 
suitable for the same people 
who held tbe lost jobs. The 
main increases are likely to be 
for part-time workers, over- 
whelmingly women. As a re- 
sult, the relative growth is in 
part-time work, which rose 
from 3 7 per cent to 2 1 percent 
of total employment between 
1979 and 1985 and will if 
anything accelerate, approach- 
ing a quarter of the workforce 
by 1990. In consequence, 
women could account for 
practically half the labour 
force by 1990 compared with 
45 per cent now and 42 per 
cent in 1979. 

This is a discouraging pic- 
ture for the Government 
Although the basic trends are 
exactly those anticipated by 
Lord Young of Graffham, 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment and the Manpower 
Services Commission, the Oc- 
cupations Study Group fore- 
casts suggest that as much as 
60 per cent of the extra jobs 
created by small companies in 
the service sectors will simply 
displace jobs in other, mainly 
larger companies, partly be- 


cause of the growth of subcon- 
tracting and partly because 
small firms are taking business 
from their larger rivals. 

In spite of the slowdown in 
the growth of the available 
Labour force (those wanting 
work) and the concentration 
of future growth in increased 
participation by women which 
has been projected by the 
Department of Employment, 
the OSG forecasts would still 
lead to a substantial rise in 
unemployment by the end of 
the decade on present policies. 
In particular, there would be a 
big rise in unemployment 
among men over 20. 

Only an unprecedented ac- 
celeration in the growth of 
new businesses ora noticeable 
cut in the numbers of some 
groups wanting work is likely 
to change this picture. 

The most encouraging fea- 
ture of the report is that many 
more young 
school-leavers 

find work. At present, a 
disproportionate number are 
unemployed. This improve- 
ment ts in . part due to govern- 
ment measures, such as the 
Youth Training Scheme and 
the proposed reform of Wages 
Councils, which make young 
people cheaper to employ. But 
employers also favour taking 
on young workers because 
they are seen as more flexible 
and adaptable for training in 
new technologies and skills. 

The report is intended to be 
non-political and deliberately 
avoids drawing any policy 
conclusions from its employ- 
ment forecasts. However, in 
interviews with leading busi- 
nessmen, trade associations 


changes does not give strong 
support to either of the cur- 
rently fashionable theories of 
how to cut unemployment 
All the main manufacturing 
and other production sectors 
are expecting to shed more overs also cost jobs 


Interviews with leading in- 
dustrialists point to manage- 
ment attitudes as a greater ter 
to employment growth than 
economic policies. The les- 
sons of the recession have led 
managers to emphasize maxi- 
mizing short-term profits and 
cutting costs to stay competi- 
tive at the expense of more 
risky expansion. 

The spate of takeovers and 
mergers has accelerated this 
trend and has itself cost jobs. 
This is partly because take- 
overs lead to sharing of over- 
heads, often by the use of 
information technology, to in- 
crease efficiency. But take- 
in less 


inster 
ng its 
ertsey) 
her of 
I Sens 

s Press, 
npletcd 
h. 

it, APV 
er 2pto 
»ted its 
ent to 
»rt Be ri- 
le acting 
another 
VPV at 


•r a total 
tares, or 
s votes, 
t 955p. 


labour, some because of fac- 
tors specific to an industry 
such as new policies to cut 
farm surpluses or the decline 
in cigarette smoking, but 
mainly because they expect to 
be able to increase output 
without more labour, thanks 
to the use of new technologies, 
improved working methods 
and the breakdown of restric- 
tive labour practices. In most 
existing industries, introduc- 
ing new techologies does cut 
the number of jobs, but this is 
essential to remain competi- 
tive. 

Many report surplus capaci- 
ty, especially in the process 
and engineering industries, 
people and but much ofthis is obsolete or- 
can hope to uneconomic, such as high cost 
coal mines. Much more was 
built to serve industries That 
have declined — such as com- 
ponents for domestic motor 
manufacture or steel for ship- 
building — or have suc- 
cumbed to imports because 
they became uncompetitive 
over a long period. 

While job would improve if 
economic growth were higher 
than the 2 to 3 per cent 
generally expected, there is 
little to suggest that a general 
injection of spending power 
through government policies 
would transform the picture. 

The biggest exception to 
this is tbe construction indus- 
try, where cuts in interest rates 
or a boost to public sector 


healthy ways. Mergers in the 
same industry lead to closures 
of overlapping branches or 
factories. Ana takeovers fi- 
nanced by expensive bank 
debt put pressure on compa- 
nies to close less profitable 
businesses to recoup some of 
the money quickly. This of 
itself points to the need for a 
tougher attitude to these kinds 
of takeover. 


ci office 
nent car- 
nt is es- 
impleied 
million. 
ER RE- 
NVEST- 
Sccond 
.73p for 
0. 1986. 
3p. This 
directors’ 
tcrim re- 
) 5p and a 
period to 


High wages ‘not 
main curb on jobs 9 


Support for the idea that 
excessive wages, restrictive 
employment conditions or red 
tape are a main factor con- 
straining the growth of jobs 
also receives only limited 
support, even from small 
companies. Wage levels are 
seen as most important to 
retailers, even though employ- 
ers in general acknowledge 
that government measures to 
make employing young people 
cheaper will have some effect. 

The movement towards 
part-time working in part 
reflects cheaper employment 
overheads for pan-time or 
casual workers. Growth in 
part-time employment, how- 
ever, is also because expan- 
sion is concentrated on service 
industries 


I CORP: 
I. 1986. 
jn (£6.58 
£533.052 
per share 
Ip). The 
company 
ie second 
j auction 
ig and it 
•crop and 
union. 
IOE.MX 
ilf-year to 
Turnover 
Loss be- 
s 3I.«I4). 
t 3b.l7p 



UK Occitpaiion and Employ- 
ment Trends 


and small venturers, analysis investment in civil engineer- (Bunerwonhs, available from 

top into 

of the causes of the predicted ing products or bousing would June 26. £20). 



THE BRITISH WORKFORCE 




W 8256 

Aggregate forecasts of workforce 1985-90* 



ces 


Employment 1985 

Employment 1990 

Av annual 

Sector 

Full 

Self 

Total 

Full 

Self 

Total 

% chnge 


Primary Industries 

Agriculture/Forest/Fishing 

384 

|291 

655 

328 

270 

598 

-1.9 

rmation 

Energy/Water supply 

596 

— 

596 

526 

— 

526 

-2.6 


Manufacturing 

Process 

779 


728 

728 


728 

-1.5 

ilication 

Engineering + related 

2549 


2549 

2305 

— 

2305 

-2-2 

Light production 

2042 

— 

2042 

1871 

— 

1871 

-2.0 

jm tried 

Construction 








Construction 

933 

467 

1400 

840 

510 

1350 

-0.8 

th our 

Services 

Dtstrib/Fmance/Business . 

5049 

flQ55 

6104 

5260 

1225 

6485 

+1.4 


Transport/ Communication 

1266 

103 

1369 

1180 

113 

1293 

-1.2 

(£499 ex 

Leisure + other 

2196 

467 

2663 

2397 

560 

2957 

+2.4 

Public 

5010 

— 

5010 

4950 

— 

4950 

-0 2. 

torage. 









Total Great Britain 

20784 

2383 

23167 

20385 

2678 

23063 

— 

■ger 11 

Total United Kingdomf 

21247 

2461 

23708 

20828 

2753 

23581 

— 

f Central forecasts with variab&ty of +}- 03 miffton 


• Includes estimate for Northern Ireland 

ih* It 

Source: IMS/OSG Study 








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The advance of technology 
and the emerging needs of 
employees are likely to change 
the working lives of millions 
between now ami 1990. They 
will have great implications 
for education and training and 
for family life. 

British employers predict in 
the Occ?.ai«;tf%as Study Group 
snrvey of occupation and em- 
ployment trends that no 
amount of economic recovery 
and growth is likely to restore 
the millions of permanent full- 
time unskilled or semi-skilled 
I jobs with big employers that 
were lost during the post-1979 
recession. 


and are prepared to settle for 
part-time work. 

New jobs for the less skilled, 
where available, will over- 
whelmingly he in small firms 
and part-time. 

This is partly becanse of the 
continuing switch from mann- 
farturing to 'service industries 
and partly becanse employers 
now see their labour forces 
increasingly in terms of a split 


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Indeed the number of full- 
time unskilled jobs will contin- 
ue to decline, as will jobs nsing 
single traditional skills. This 
applies to sales mid clerical 
( jobs and personal service jobs 
such as hairdressers or secre- 
taries as well as labourers and 
operatives. 

The new jobs wifi be mostly 
In small firms, bat many of 
them will be unsuitable for 
some of those presently mem- 
ployed unless they acquire a 
variety of new skills in differ- 
ent industries, crane to grips 
with information techno! 


THE SHIFTING 
JOB PATTERN TO 1990 


c 

flgrieubuTB 

l: 

Energy . 

□ 

PrscMS jnoustriBs 

r 

EntHnaermu natw 


Ugbt inouclnoa 

L- l 

Construction 

thmia 


woo-foo -ibo 





PUWo 


between core professional 
workers — managers and 
adaptable mnlti-skUled crafts- 
men vital to the business — 
and peripheral support work- 
ers who will increasingly be 
part-time, on contract or sub- 
contracted via specialized 
small firms. 

Part-time workers are pre- 
dominantly women. If this 
continues, women will soon 
make op half the Labour force, 
leaving many men oat of work. 
Even if more men switch to 
part-time work, with less sta- 
bility of employment, the tra- 
ditional earning pattern in 
many families- will change. 

Companies in all sectors 
expect to increase the propor- 
tion of nntfer-Zls they employ 
becanse they are tbooj^it more 
adaptable and trainable, par- 
ticularly with government help 
from tbe Youth Training 
Scheme. 

Employers wili require more 
skills in expanding services, 
such as waiters, shop assis- 
tants^ bank and bonding soci- 
ety cashiers, becanse they 
meet the customers and are 
seen, as a vital part of 
companies' marketing efforts. 
Most sectors of the economy 

see a need for more scientists. 


engineers or technologists, 
particnlarty with knowledge of 
information technology. Pro- 
fessionals will also be in 
demand particularly in the 
service sectors where accoun- 
tants. marketing people and 
experts in data processing wfl] 
be needed. 

Even these core personnel 
will need to be more adaptable. 
Senior managers see their own 
deficiencies as one of the chief 
causes of poor industrial per- 
formance 

Many managers from the 
shopfloor to the boardroom 
are still seen as amateurs. 
They will need much more 
shill in human relations and in 
information tecfanology 

Ihe report, which its pro- 
genitor, Sir Austin Bide, sees 
as giving -The bare facts, for 
the first time in this way and 
on this scale” is bound to 
support last week's call by Mr 
Bryan Nicholson, chairman of 
the Manpower Services Com- 
mission, for more training. 

“Government investment fo 
training is higher than ever 
before,” Mr Nicholson said 
But he called for a “major 
change” in employers, to view 
training as an investment rath- 
er titan a cost 


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main ami m<tv 




T 








1 Cl. 


A 


_HOME NEWS 


THE TTMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


Injustice that leads to 
riots must be tackled, 
race board report says 

By Peter Emus, Home Affairs Correspondent 


Most of the conditions 
which make violent unrest 
likely to occur still remain 
after last year's loss of life in 
inner city disturbances, Mr 
Peter Newsara. chairman of 
the Commission for Racial 
Equality said yesterday. 

He was introducing a six- 
point plan in its annual report 
to remedy the injustice which 
the commission says starts 
riots. 

High unemployment and 
disadvantage lie behind disor- 
ders but more is needed to 
make them rage, the report 
says. Riots occur when those 
suffering deprivation believe 
they are being unjustly treated 
and nothing can be done 
about it through the ordinary 
machinery of the law ana 
political change. 

The report refers to the 


serious riots in four inner-city 
areas in 1985 with deaths ana 
widespread suffering and per- 
sonal loss. They are symptoms 
of deep underlying distress, 
the report says. 


to reduce it. the commission 
calls for: 

• An improved Race Rela- 
tions Act: 

• More drive by local and 
public authorities to give 


The implications of a sur- ' equal opportunities; 


vey by the Policy Studies 
Institute in 1985 are that tens 
of thousands of individual 
acts of direct racial discrimi- 
nation are occurring every 
year. Only a small proportion 
are detected and dealt with. 

There have also been more 
racial attacks, the report says. 
“The conclusion must be that 
the sense of injustice many 
within the black community 
feel is not based on imagined 
ills. It is grounded in fact." 

The commission believes 
not enough is being done 
against racial discrimination. 
Calling for a concerted effort 


_ Reform of education to 
reflect the needs of a multi- 
racial society. 

• Government contracts and 
funds should be awarded only 
for schemes jvhich offer equal 
opportunities; 

• More participation by mi- 
norities in all aspects of the 
country's life: 

• A powerfully-expressed 
commitment by Government 
and opinion-formers to reduce 
discrimination. 

Commission for Racial Equality 
1985 Annual Report (CRE, 
Elliot House, 10-12 Allington 
Street, London, SW1E 5EH. £1). 



Ming Ming, from China, on arrival at Gatwkkyesterday on its iraytofeDBhfiB zoo. Seats 
wereremoved from an Aer Lingos jet to carry two yonng pandas (Photograph: Tim Bishop).- 


Race bias allegation by Argentine 


An Argentine 
teacher who claims he suffered 
“orchestrated hostility" from 
colleagues at a Hampshire 
school, told an industrial tri- 
bunal yesterday. “I am an 
Argentine, you are British. We 
are at war in everything." 

The outburst came as Mr 
Julio Farrando cross-exam- 
ined a member of staff from 
Portsmouth Grammar School, 


where be claims be was insult- 
ed «nd discriminated against 
because of bis “colour, nation- 
ality, cnltnre and race". Mr. 
Fanrando, of TichfiekL, Hamp- 
shire, was a part-time teacher 
of Spanish, his only papO 
being a sixth-form girl. He is 
racial discrimination 
He claims be was once 
offered a plate of left-overs in 


the school canteen. But Mr 
Raymond Bratt, bead of lan- 
guages at the school, told the 
hearing that thk was the first 
time he had heard the 
allegation. 


Jenkmson, told the hearing be 
had once dealt with a pupil 
who had been rode to Mr 
Farrando, hot the Argentine 
was dissatisfied with the pun- 
ishment and ashed him at 


At one stage Mr Farrando yesterday's hearing: “Do yon 
called Mr Bratt a liar. He was* know this word wog, as you 
told by the tribunal chairman, call me?" 

Mr John Bow ken “Try to be Mr Farrando was again told 
less offensive." by the chairman to calm down. 

Another teacher, Mir Denis The hearing continues- 


Foxes trigger signals 
at ‘hunt’ duke’s grave 


Sensors installed to foil 
anti-hunt protesters around 
the grave of the 10th Duke of 
Beaufort on the Badminton 
Estate near Bristol have been 
picking np the movements of 
prowling foxes, and raising 
frequent false alarms, 

Two men were jailed for 
two years at Bristol Crown 


Court this week for plotting to 
dig up the remains of the duke: 

The slightest pressure trig- 
gers an alarm bell in the 
vicarage and a signal transmit- 
ted from the church tower 
activates a security hotline 10 
miles away at divisonal police 
headquarters, in Staple Hill. 
BristoL 


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Colouring 
of classic 
films 



By Colin Hughes 


British Mack-wd-white 
film classics should he protect- 
ed by law from “d egra d in g 
exploitation* by distributor* 
who aim to buy them aid 
convert them to colour for 
television, according to a cam- 
paign beiag hawked by the 
Directors Goto! of Great 
Britain. 

- The country's most promi- 
neat directors have signed a 
statement urging the Govern- 
ment to legislate before' it is 
loo late to save films such as 

The Third Ma*r Brief Ehcoum- 

ter, Citizen Kane, Bigk Noon, 
On The Waterfront, La En- 
fant* Du Paradis,, and The 
BuydeTiiemn 

Two Hollywood-based com- 
panies ha ve using com- 
puter methods to “paint in" 
colour to black-and-white 
film*- The directors say that 
similar methods will soon be 
working their way -across the 
Atlantic* --- 

They argue that the Govern- 
ment should, in association 
wifofiha specialists, draw up a 
list of films that are protected 
from any future interference. 

The statement is signed by 
Lindsay Anderson, John 
Boorman, Roy B aiting, Ro- 
land Joffe, Michael Winner, 
Fred Zinnemann, John Schle- 
singer, Stephen Frears, Hugh 
Hudson, Karel Rehz. Alan 
Parker and Ridley Scott. 


Call for a 
thinktank 
on future 
of defence 



Cootspoadent 

Britain should set up a 
national security comnassHm 
to look at tong-term defence 
poficy options, according to 
Sir Frank Cboper, former 
Permanent Secretary ai the 
Ministry of Defence.' . 

In a fecrare tins week Sfr 
Frank said that although a 
review ofdefencepo&ylQthe 
Government ctstad be ruled 
out before the near election, ft 
was dear that over a.perfod of 
years, largely because afrhe 
risi n^ real costs of defeme, 
sgsmcant J changes - in policy 
•Were needed/ 




Britain. wasnot-bige 
enough, strong enough or 
wealthy esoi^fa as a sationto 
have a situation w h ere defe nce 
was a divisive issue. He said 
defence shoukfnot be left to 
political partisanship. /and 
prejudice, 

“There are defence options. 
They are complex and diffi- 
cult These opuons need to be 
firmly and carefully exam- 
ined. This examination seeds 
to-be-set In 
confexi—Whatl-: 
see ~ and see set up very 
soon —is. seme land of na- 
tional security commission 
with the task ofloofringahcad. 
on behalf of foe nation, as a 
whole, at the kind of policy 
options lor the longer term." 


a (onger-tenn 
Ishoukffike to 



scheme ‘too 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 


The £1 billion-a-year stale 
agency responsible for . the 
construction and upkeep of 
crown buildings- was sharply 
criticized yesterday by an alt- 
party group of MPs. 

A report from die environ- 
ment committee castigated 
the Property Services Agency 
for the way it operates a 
scheme for charging govern- 
ment departments rent for the 
office space they occupy: 

Under the Property Repay- 
ment Services system, brought 
in as an efficiency measure in 
1980, the agency acts- as the 
landlord, fixing charges and 
recovering Tents ...from 
departments. 

. The scheme is intended to 
avoid waste of spacer but, the 
report says, it amounts to a 
“vast paper transaction" cost- 
ing £650,000 a year to admin- 
ister, and there is no means of 
knowing whether it is produc- 
ing the intended savings. 

The MPs say it ssems 
“extraordinary* 1 that no. meth- 
od of monitoring the scheme 
was set lipTvhen it was first 
introduced after the Rayner 


inquiry into Whitehall 
effraency. • : . 

The MPs abo emphasize 
shortcomings!* procedures at 
the agency that have led to 
serious overspending on 
building projects. • ' 

Outgoings for Derby CTOwn 
Court, for instance, were 
£2£ miIHcfa or 77 per cent 
over budget, the report .says, 
and the average overspending 
on 86 projects commissioned 
by the agency was 12 percent. 

The • . report 

comments^Sorae errors in 
'estimating, art attributable to 
chests changing their original 
requirements—. 

. . “However, me have also 
drawn artejUtion to some ma- 
jor errors in ^mato^attrib- 

“We a^^t these are isolat- 
. v ed instances. Nevertheless, we 
believe they are sufficient to 
indicate weaknesses in the 
control procedures, detailed 
though these are” ,. 

. The MPS welcome . the 
agency's under t aking to re- 
view its performance on 
achieving contract targets. 


Football chief 
wins damages 
from paper 

Mr Jade Dunnert, Football 
League president,, won 
“substantial” libel damages in 
foe High Court in London 
yesterday over suggestions 
that he was delighted that his 
dub, Notts County, was rele- 
gated from the First Division 
because ft would cut costs. 

Mr Duimett and.two other 
:directors4 Mr John 
Mounteney and Mr Ralph 
Sweet, were said to have 
regarded the relegation as a 
“heaven sent” opportunity to 
reduce expenses, and behaved 
as if they would like to offer 
the team champagne. 

The allegations appeared in' 
The Sun in October 1984 
under the headline, Down the 
Hatch. The newspaper's pub- 
lishers, News Group Newspa- 
pers. Kelvin Mackenzie, its 
editor, and Steven Howaril a 
journalist, agreed to pay the 
legal costs. 


Inquiry call on 
‘armed US 
police patrols’ 

. An MP ytttntiay called for 
a full investigation into re- 
ports that armed US military 
police are patrolling in Ips- 
wich, Suffolk 

The policemen known as 
“White Caps" : cruise ■ the 
streets at weekends when US 
Air Force personnel are in the 
town and are allowed to carry 
guns under the-Visiting Forces 
Act, 1952. 

Mr Kenneth Wretch, La- 
bour MP for Ipswich, said he 
did not know if the US 
military police were armed, 
but he said; “If military police 
are going re patrol in Ipswich, 
they ought to have foe same 
controls as Suffolk police. I 
can see no reason for them to 
carry firearms in a law-abiding 
town tike Ipswich.” : 

‘A spokesman for the USAF 
Third Airforce ar-Lakenheath 
said: “We do not discuss .our 
security measures publicly.” 


Thunderstorms help 
to boost harvests 

By* Special Correspondent 


Thunderstorms can appar- 
ently help to produce good 
harvests. That is one oT the 


senior geochemist of the Insti- 
tute of Geology, Geophysics 
and Mineral Raw Materials, 
at Novosibirsk, who investi- 
gated claims by: local tanners 
that thunderstorms in spring 
or- early summer improved 
thdr-ririds;; - • 

Using foe knowledge of 
what happened when plants 
were given nitrogen fertilizers 
at foe beginning of their 
growth period, the Soviet geo- 
chemist organized tests - to 
measure the possible effects 
on soil and plants involving 
changes of natural mtrogea. 

' Lightning and electric atmo- 
spheric discharge cause, foe 
molecules of .nitrogen in- the 
atmosphere to produce chemi- 
cally active ions. Dissolved- far 
the rain, they from part of the 
weak nitric add which occurs 
in air. In. central Russia about' 
13 tonnes at pure-nitric' add 
from that source foil on emy 
square kilometre annually. 

Dr B gatov daiined tliat 
-contrary to current be&etthfc 
most important agent stimu- 


lating the release of ' natand 
minerals in the earth's exast, 
as fto as agricultural purposes 
were concerned, was not oxy- 
een bid nitric add’ . 

"■ He decided to pet his find- 
ings to a practical test Toma- 
■ toes-ofthesame strain were 
planted fo two pfofs of Made 
earth. One ptot had been 
fertilized, the. seedlings in foe 
unfertilized plot were regidar- 
- ly watered . with a nitric add 
solution of the same aridity as 
foe thunderstorm rains in their 
original tropical: habitat 

They wine given as midi 
water- as they were fikdy to 
„ receive there from rain. The 
resadte were most significant: 
50 per cent mare tomatoes 
were picked from foe second 
plot 

Experiments with oats, 
wheat and cucumber foowed 
: similar results, MosTrignifi- 
cantiy, foe bestjidds, doable 
those achieved with , current 
fertilizer methods, were from 
softs that had never been 
fertilized, because plants were 
forced .to take food at greater 
depths, avoided “satiation’ 1 
and used: nutrient* most 
sparingly./ > 


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THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


OVERSEAS NEWS 


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EPG denounced • Ottawa gets tough # Europe wants action • Victims of the emergency 


Commonwealth 
group accused 
of blackmail 
by ‘Pik’ Botha 

From Michael Hornsby, Town 




The Sooth African Foreign 
Minister, Mr R.F. “Pik” Bo- 
tha, yesterday accused the 
Commonwealth Eminent Per- 
sons Group of trying to 
“blackmail” Pretoria into ac- 
cepting conditions to which 
no self-respecting government 
could agree. 

“We went out of our way to 
see them and to let them travel 
around the country. We felt 
that, if violence could be 
ended, that would be the 
sound barrier that had to be 
broken through,”’ he said at a 
briefing for local political 
correspondents. 

“Bui they (the EPG) came 
back with a stricter definition 
saying violence would only 
stop^ as long^^ ^negotiations 

National Congress) lasted. No 
government could accept this. 
It was plain blackmail.” 

Asked about the threat that 
economic sanctions might 
now be imposed by the Com- 
monwealth, Mr Botha said he 
did not think they were 
inevitable. 

“The Commonwealth coun- 
tries adjacent to us cannot 
apply sanctions. Let them try 
it,” he said. “Lesotho cannot, 
neither can Swaziland or Bo- 
tswana, nor can Zambia, Ma- 
lawi or even Zimbabwe. These 
are prominent countries 
which one would expect to 
apply sanctions.” ~ 

Speaking later at a press 
conference, Mr Botba_ also 
warned that Pretoria would, 
find it extremely difficult to 
allow another visit by a simi- 
lar group in future if . the 
Commonwealth imposed eco- 
nomic sanctions an South 
Africa. 

It had been a mistake, Mr 
Botha said, to give the EPG a 
deadline of mid-June to report 
to Commonwealth govern- 
ments. It was “a bit unreal- 


had arrived only last weekend 
and he had answered it on 
Monday. . 

“The South African Gov- 
ernment would welcome any 
effort or attempt aimed" at 
ending the violence and/or 
. facilitating dialogue and dis- 
cussion,” Mr Botha said. 

“But if the Commonwealth 
now continues with the intro- 
duction of sanctions, it mil be 
very difficult, if not imposst- 
- bkvfor this Government to 
allow another group, a repre- 
sentative group, of that orga- 
nization in this country.” 

The ETC's report, Mr Botha 
grudgingly allowed, was “far 
better than anything I have 
seen coming out of the United 
Nations in recent years, but 
that does not mean it is a good 
report” 

.Mr Botha then set out his 
Government's main objec- 
tions to the EPCs proposals. 

• The “key” problem was the 
suggestion that the ANC 
should be required only to 
“suspend” violence daring ne- 
gotiations with the Govern- 
ment. No negotiations could 
succeed “under the threat of 
violence”. . 

Pretoria insisted that the 
ANC should unconditionally 
renounce the use of violence 
as a means of achieving 
.political objectives. 

Mr Botha also accused the 
EPG of failingto acknowledge 
that there was a need for 
parties other than the Govern- 
ment ,to abandon “intimi- 
dation” as a weapon of 
political persuasion. “Opposi- 
tion to the Government is not 
the sole and exclusive cause of 
violence in this country,” he 
said. 

The EPG in its report had 
further failed to give a true 
picture of the ANC, Mr Botha 
maintained. The ANC, he 
claimed, had “publicly and 
istic” to expect the group to cat^orically” said 1 that it in- 

get to grips with the complex.- ‘ *SSnfthp , nrl21f 

nte IL situation in Sou* “StojSy nS 

South Africa as a one-party 
state; but there was no men- 


Africa in only three visits. 

“It is quite dear to me that 
tiiey (the EPG) started to write 
their report while we were stiD 
in correspondence,” he said. 

had made 


lion of this in the report 
There was also no apprecia- 
ie EPCs report Pad made fa " “ .report <£ 
no reference urpjptter sent by 
him to the group p? June 9 in 

but “we have never said that 
all .members of- the tbeANC 
are Marxists or Communists. 
We would- welcome it if they 
could break away and act as 
true African nationalists in the 
interest of a very important 
part of Africa". 

Leading article, page 15 

Sanctions 
pressure 
from EEC 
for Howe 

From Richard Owen 
Luxembourg 

Sir Geffrey Howe, tike For- 
eign Secretary, will face grow- 
ing EEC pressure to ugree to 
sanctions againstSeuth Africa 
on Monday, after Pretom’s 
declaration of a state of emer- 
gency and publication of the 
report by toe Cbumtoowealto 
Eminent Persons Group. 

. EEC officials said yesterday 
that South Africa was already 
on toe agenda for Monday’s 
meeting of EEC foreign minis- 
ters here, bat it was now Ekdj 
to dominate toe session. 

Diplomats said Britain had 
. counted on the support of the 
right-wing French Govern- 
ment to redd pressure for 
sanctions from countries such 
as Denmark and Ireland. But 
it was now likely that 'a 
majority of EEC. states would 
want Europe to take “derisive 
and firm action”, sources said. 

The issue is espedaBy awk- 
ward for Sir Geoffrey who 
takes over the presidency of 
(be EEC Grand! of Ministers 
from Mr Hans van deuBroek, 
the Dutch Foreign Minister. 

Mr van den Broek this week 
told the European Parliament 
in Strasbourg that time was 
running out I or South Africa 
and that, unless Pretoria made 
important chaises and began 
to .dismantle apartheid, % 
EEC would havetotake -far- 
reaching measures”. 

The current limited . EEC 
sanctions — notably a ban on 
arms sales and aiLoil embargo 
. are. based on an EEC 
■ derision taken in September; 
But toe declaration that gave 
wanting of further EEC raea- 
smes if South Africa failed, to 
reform itself “withfai arrason- 
abfe period of time”. Many 
European officials feel' that 

that time is now. np;v : 

• STRASBOURG: JKSgktef- 
centre parties in toe European 
Phifiaiwent yesterday blocked 
a vote on the situation la South 
. Africa, fee fear-tost socialist 
demands lor sanctions would 
cany the day. (Our 
Conesesrandeiit writes)^.- - 
. -. The Emopean . democrats, 
Mad&ig-Rrabb, Danish mid 
Spanish conservatives, mas- 
tered h three-fine whip to vote 
Tor postponement' until next 
mouth. ’• - . •• 

•- t ■ 


reply to a letter^ from them 
sent on June 5. 

“In that letter I staled quite 
dearly that the matters of 
concern to us ought Jo be 
canvassed further,” Mr Botha 
said He did not see how he 
could have replied sooner to. 
the EPG’s letter of June 5, as it 

Two-year 
epidemic 
of rising 
violence 

The following is a chronolo- 
gy of events up to yesterday's 
declaration of a nationwide 
state of emergency: 

February 13, 15*84; Violence 
in Pretoria's Atteridgeviile 
township; Emma Sathekge, 
aged 15, dies. 

August: New constitution, ex- 
cluding 74 per cent black 
majority, provokes battle at 
elections for Indians and 
(mixed-racejColoureds. ‘ 
September 3: Riots in Shaipe- 
ville and Sebgkcng, 30 die in 
clashes with police. Three 
councillors burnt to death. 
October 22: 7,000 police and 
troops hunt ' agitators in 
Sebokeng. 

November 5-6: Anti-apartheid 
groups call two-day strike in 
the Transvaal, 22 toe. 

March 21, 15185: Police open 
fire on demonstrators in 
Langa, Eastern Cape, 20 die. 
August 1: Black rivfl rights 
lawyer, Victoria Mxenge, shot 
dead in Durban township. 
August 28: March on Cape 
Town’s Pollsmoor prison 
banned. Cape Town- 'town- 
ships erupt into, violence. 
September 5-6: Blacks attack 
white homes 

October 15: Railway police 
shoot dead three youths in a. 
stone- throwing crowd. - 
October 18: Black poet Benja- 
. min Mofoise hanged; rioting 
breaks out 

October 24: Rioting ikies in . 
heart of Cape Town. 

October 26: State of emergen- 
cy extended to Cape Town. . . 
November 7s Government 
clamps down on media, saying . 
cameras encourage rioters. . 
November 21: Thirteen die as 

S olice break up rent protests, 
unary H 1986: At least 16 
people die in rural Moutse. 
January 21; Two white police- 
men toe breaking up meeting 
of 500 miners in Bekkersdal, 
near Pretoria. 

February- T. State of emergen- 

a lifted in seven- districts of 
pe Province. 

February J5?J& At feast 22 die 
in Alexandra.- • • ■ 

Aiwfl 23: Government says it 
will abolish “pass” laws. 

May 1: One and a half million 
Hacks go on strike. - 
May lx South Africa bundl- 
es raids into Botswana, Zam-. 
bia and Zimbabwe gainst 
alleged ANC bases.1 - 



World concern at 
apartheid crisis 


By Our Foreign Staff 


South Afric an tro ops and security police patrolling outside the Ecumenical Centre In Durban yesterday to prevent anyone 
from entering while a search warrant was being issued in the nationwide riampdown on activists. 

Top black leaders held in security crackdown 


From Ray Kennedy 
Johannesburg 

Among die hundreds of 
anti-apartheid activists de- 
tained in South Africa yester- 
day was Mr Aubrey Mokoena, 
publicity secretary of the Re- 
lease Mandela Campaign. A 
member of the national execu- 
tive of toe United Democratic 
Front, he has been detained 


without trial several times 
since 1974. 

He first mhw to political 
prominence at the University 
of the North — from which be 
was expelled ova- anti-apart- 
heid protests — as a founder- 
member of toe South African 
Students' Organization. 

He became a leading figure 


in the black consciousness 
movement in Soweto and was 
detained for seven months 
after the 1976 uprising. Six 
months after his release be 
was again detained without 
trial for 394 days. 

A further period of deten- 
tion without trial followed in 
1984, during die UDPs cam- 
paign against the constitution- 
al referendum and elections to 


the Coloured and Indian 
houses of the tricameral 
Parliament 

Another prominent activist 
detained yesterday was the 
president of the Azanian 
People’s Organization, Mr 
Saths Cooper. 

In 1976 he was jailed for six 
years after he organized pro- 
Freiimo rallies following 
Mozambique's independence. 


Mr Joe Clark, the Canadian 
External Affairs Minister, ac- 
cusing the South African Gov- 
ernment of “intransigence”, 
yesterday announced a series 
. of new economic measures 
aimed at apartheid. 

Mr Clark also told the 
Commons in Ottawa that, 
after the Commonwealth 
heads of government meeting 
early m August, Canada will 
be prepared to take more 
action — “in concert with the 
Commonwealth if possible, 
on our own if necessary”. 

The measures announced 
yesterday. Jinked to the report 
of the Commonwealth Emi- 
nent Persons Group, were: 

• Ending Canadian govern- 
ment procurement of South 
African products. 

• Banning the promotion in 
Canada of tourism to South 
Africa. 

• Allocation of an additional 
CanS2 million to a pro- 
gramme for educating and 
training blacks in South 
Africa. 

• Canada no longer to accept 
the non-resident accreditation 
of four South African diplo- 
matic attaches for science, 
mining, labour and agri- 
culture. 

Mr Clark told the House 
yesterday that the Pretoria 
Government's declaration of a 
state of emergency again dem- 


onstrated its “intransigence” 
m the face of growing opposi- 
tion to its racial system. 

In Washington, the White 
House said it would read the 
EPG report “with interest”, 
but that the Administration 
had no plans to change its 
policy or view on sanctions- 

Mr Larry Speakes, the 
White House spokesman, said 
the US had not attempted to 
assess blame in the way toe 
EPG did. The Administration 
opposed sanctions and was 
against the measures recently 
voted by toe House of Repre- 
sentatives foreign affairs com- 
mittee. 

The African National Con- 
gress said in Lusaka that toe 
declaration of a state of emer- 
gency in South Africa will 
worsen toe crisis and increase 
resistance to white rule. 

The biggest Western trade 
union group, the International 
Confederation of Free Trade 
Unions, protested in Geneva 
at the arrest of at least 14 
prominent black union lead- 
ers. 

In The Hague, the Dutch 
Government expressed great 
concern at the imposition of 
the slate of emergency. 

The West German Govern- 
ment said in Bonn it was 
deeply concerned by toe im- 
position of the state of emer- 
gency. 


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Mission to South Africa: The Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons, Mr Malcolm Fraser, General Olnsegnn Obasanjo, Lord Barber, Dame Ntta Barrow, Mr John Malecda, Sardar Swaran Singh and The Most Rererend Edward Scott 


ra 


Our work in South Afri- 
ca has been a moving 
personal experience. We 
arrived when there was 
carnage in .Alexandra. 
On the day of our final 
departure. Crossroads 
was on Are and a pall of 
smoke hung in the sky. 
We saw a country in 
. upheaval and witnessed 
great human suffering. Even as we write, 
the killings continue. 

It was clear that our task would be 
immensely difficult. Its success would 
depend, ultimately, on the good faith of 
the South African Government and on 
the cooperation of all significant sections 
of South African society. 

It was only because we were persuaded 
that, whatever the odds, this was a task 
worth attempting that we accepted, in 
the course of our successive visits to 
South Africa, and on becoming better- 
acquainted with the effects of apartheid 
and the scale of the country's antago- 
nisms. there could be little doubt that the 
alternative to a negotiated solution 
would be appalling chaos, bloodshed and 
destruction. 

We are concerned that the South 
African Government's rejection, in ef- 
fect, of our negotiating concept com- 
pounded by its armed aggression against 
Botswana. Zambia and Zimbabwe 
makes those dangers more imminent 
and the prospect of negotiations more 
difficult. 

We were able to travel freely to visit 
black townships normally not accessible 
to outsiders and to talk to a diverse 
spectrum of opinion including opposi- 
tion parties, trade unions, church lead- 
ers. businessmen, women's groups and 
ci-vil rights activists. In extensive discus- 
sions with the State President and many 
of his Ministers, we also gained valuable 
insights into the Government’s own 
thinking and future plans. 

The range of contacts we made, 
enabling us to understand the complex- 
ities of the situation, was probably 
unique: the frankness and the openness 
of the discussions unlikely to be replicat- 
ed in the near future. 

Our mandate was to foster a process of 
negotiation across lines of colour, poli- 
tics and religion, with a view to 
establishing a non-racial and representa- 
tive government It is our considered 
view that despite appearances and 
statements to the contrary, the South 
African Government is not yet ready to 
negotiate such a future — except on its 
own terms. Those terms, both in regard 
to objectives and modalities, fall far 
short of reasonable black expectations 
and well-accepted democratic norms and 
principles. 

The objectives of any negotiations, as 
Commonwealth leaders agreed at Nas- 
sau, and as all the non- white people of 
South Africa as well as increasing 


numbers of whites demand, would be the 
dismantling of the apartheid system and 
and the erection of the structures of 
democracy in South Africa. 

We rejected as impractical the sugges- 
tion that the whole complex web of 
apartheid legislation be repealed as a 
prelude to negotiation; we were con- 
cerned to ensure, however, that there 
should be a Arm and unambiguous 
commitment by the Government to 
ending apartheid in order to provide 
integrity to the negotiating agenda and 
the negotiating process — as well as 
specific and meaningful steps taken to 
that end. 

It needs to be remembered that 
apartheid goes beyond institutionalised 
racial disrimination and economic ex- 
ploitation; it is primarily a means of 
keeping ultimate political and economic 
power in the hands of the white 
minority. Any reservations by the Gov- 
ernment about dismantling apartheid 
would inevitably and understandably be 
viewed by the vast majority as a ploy for 
perpetuating white power in a new guise. 

The Government told us categorically 
that it was prepared to contemplate 
negotiations with a completely open 
agenda, where everything would be on 
the table. However, in some respects, the 
open agenda appeared to be circum- 
scribed. Nevertheless, for the purposes of 
our discussions we gave the South 
African Government the benefit of the 
doubt 


Wishful thinking 
by government 
on negotiations 


In the Government’s thinking, there 
were a number of non-negotiables; for 
example, the concept of group rights — 
the very basis of the apartheid system — 
was sacrosanct; the "homelands" created 
in furtherance of that concept would not 
disappear, but be reinforced with the 
emergence of an "independent” 
KwaNdebele;the principle of one man 
one vote in a unitary state was beyond 
the realm of possibility; the Population 
Registration Act would continue; and 
the present Tri camera! Constitution 
which instituionalises racism must be 
the vehicle for future constitutional 
reform. 

From these and other recent develop- 
ments. we draw the conclusion that while 
the Government daims to be ready to 
negotiate, it is in troth not yet prepared 
to negotiate fundamental change, nor to 
countenance the creation of genuine 
democratic structures, nor to face the 
prospect of the end of white domination 
and white power in the foreseeable 
Aiture. Its programme of reform does not 


end apartheid, but seeks to give it a less 
inhuman face. Its quest is power-sharing, 
but without surrendering overall white 
control. 

in regard to the modalities of negotia- 
tion. the Government's position nas a 
considerable element of wishful think- 
ing. The Government is willkng and 
ready to negotiate with "responsible” 
leaders; if only violence and 
"intimidation” would abate, these lead- 
ers would be ready to come to the 
negotiating table to strike a deal. 
Although we were never told by the 
Government who these "responsible” 
leaders might be — indeed, the Govern- 
ment assured us it would not prescribe or 
limit the people's choice it could be 
inferred that prominent among them 
would be the “homelands” leaders 
whom the Government repeatedly urged 
us to see. With the exception of Chief 
Buthdezi the “homeland” leaders have 
no real political standing or following 
and would not, m our view, be credible 
parties in a negotiation to resolve South 
Africa’s deepening crisis. It is not for us 
to prescribe or advise who the parties to a 
genuine negotiation might be; but we 
noted as significant the Government’s 
allergy to our proposal that they should 
be the “true", “authentic” or 
“acknowledged” leaders of the people. 

Negotiations leading to fundamental 
political change and the erection of 
democratic structures will only be possi- 
ble if the South African Government is 
prepared to deal with leaders of the 
people's choosing rather than with 
puppets of its own creation. President 
Botha's recent statements expressing his 
determination to “break” the ANC bode 
ill for the countiy’s future. 

There can be no negotiated settlement 
in South Africa without the ANC; the 
breadth of its support is incontestable; 
and this support is growing. Among the 
many striking figures whom we met in 
the course ofour work. Nelson Mandela 
and Oliver Tam bo stand out. Their 
reasonableness, absence of rancour and 
readiness to find negotiated solutions 
which, while creating genuine democrat- 
ic structures would stiU give the whites a 
feeling of security and participation, 
impressed us deeply. If the Government 
finds itself unable to talk with men like 
Mandela and Tambo, then the future of 
South Africa is bleak indeed. 

The Government makes it clear that it 
did not regard the ANC as the only other 
party to negotiations. We agreed, but 
would emphasise that the ANC is a 
necessary party. The Government ac- 
knowledges this, if only by blaming the 
ANC for most of the violence. The open 
identification with the ANC through 
banners and songs, in funerals and in 
churches throughout the country, despite 
the risks involved, supports the widely- 
held belief that if an election were held 
today on the basis of universal franchise 
the ANC would win iL 


Whatever the truth of that assertion, 
we nonetheless recognise that black 
political opinion is not monolithic. If, 
therefore, the Government is serious 
about negoitia lions, it must create 
conditions in which free political activuy 
becomes possible, and political parties 
and leaders are able to fit notion effective- 
ly and test the extent of their popular 
support. Tragically, the whole thrust of 
Government policy has been to thwart 
such legitimate leadership from emerg- 
ing and destroy it where it does. 

Fatal to give 
a veto to the 
right wing 

Behind these attitudes lurks a deeper 
truth. After more than 18 months of 
persistent unrest, upheaval, and Idlings 
unprecedented in the country’s history, 
the Government believes that it can 
contain the situation indefinitely by use 
of force. Although the Government's 
confidence may be valid in the short 
term, but at great human cost, it is 
plainly misplaced in the longer term. 
South Africa is predominantly a country 
of black people. To believe that they can 
be indefinitely suppressed is an act of 
self-delusion. 

By pandering to right-wing anxieties 
and demands, the Government fortifies 
them, compounding its own problems 
and losing whatever initiative it may 
have possessed It is also in danger of 
foiling between two stools. Its promises 
of reform have created anxiety among 
certain sections of its supporters ana 
contributed to a growing white backlash; 
yet the reforms themselves have made 
little impact on black attitudes or 
aspirations - save to confirm the 
Government's implacable resistance to 
significant change. 

While right-wing opposition cannot be 
ignored, it would be fatal to give it a veto. 
Indeed we gained the impression that 
white opinion as a whole may be ahead 
of the Government in significant re- 
spects, ready to respond positively if 
given a bold lead 

We are left with the impression of a di- 
vided Government Yet even the more 
enlightened Ministers seem to be out of 
loudi with the mood in the black 
townships, the rising tide of anger and 
impatience within them, and the extent 
of black mobilisation. And so, of course, 
are the great generality of white South 
Africans only some ten per cent of 
whom, we were told, have ever seen 
conditions in a township. 

Put in the most simple way, the blacks 
have had enough of apartheid They are 
no longer prepared to submit to its 
oppression, discrimination and exploita- 


tion. They can no longer stomach being 
treated as aliens in thier own country. 
They have confidence not merely in the 
justice of their cause, but in the 
inevitability of their victory. Unlike the 
earlier period of unrest and Government 
attempts to stamp out protest, there has 
been during the last 18 months no 
outflow of black refugees from South 
Africa. The strength of black convictions 
is now matched by a readiness to die for 
those convictions. They will, therefore, 
sustain their struggle, whatever the cost 

The campaign against collaborators, 
and the ruthless elimination of agents of 
white authority, will continue ... the 
writ of the Government will be increas- 
ingly circumscribed Inter-black rivalry 
and violence . . . will grow, making the 
task of negotiating a settlement even 
more difficult. Political upheaval and 
social unrest will accelerate the flight of 
capital and professional skills and the 
economy’s downward spiral 

Amidst all this gloom the quality of the 
country's black leaders shines through. 
Their achievement in bringing about 
popular and trade union mobilisation in 
the face of huge odds commands respect 
Their idealism, their genuine sense of 
non-racialism, and their readiness not 
only to forget but to forgive, compel 
admiration. These are previous assets 
which a new South Africa will need; they 
may be lost altogether if the Government 
continues to shrink from taking the 
necessary political decision . . . 

The Government feces difficult 
choices. Its obduracy and intransigence 
wrecked the Commonwealth's iniiiatve, 
but the issues themselves will not go 
away, nor can they be bombed out of 
existence. It is not sanctions which will 
destroy the country but the persistence of 
apartheid and the Government's failure 
to engate in fundamental political 
reform. 

For all the people of South Africa and 
of the sub-region as a whole, the certain 
prospect is of an even sharper deefine 
into violence and bloodshed with ail its 
attendant human costs. A racial confla- 
gration * with frightening implications 
threatens. The uncoordinated violence 
of today could become ... a major 
armed conflict spilling well beyond 
South Africa’s borders. In such circum- 
stances the entire economic fabric of the 
country would indeed be destroyed. Up 
to now those responsible for the armed 
resistance . . . have shown great regard 
for innocent lives. Unless the cycle of 
violence is broken, full-fledged guerrilla 
warfare as practised in other parts of the 
world, in which “soft” civilian targets 
become prime targets in a reign of terror 
and counter-terror, may come to pass. In 
the absence of significant moves to break 
the cycle of violence we see the prospect 
as inevitable and that in the very 
foreseeable future. 

What can be done? There may be no 


course available that can guarantee a 
significantly more peaceful solution. But 
the question of further measures imme- 
diately springs to mind. As the Nassau 
Accord makes dear. Co m mo nw ealth 
Heads of Government have agreed that, 
in the event of adequate progress not 
having been made m South Africa within 
a period of six months, they would 
consider further measures. 

While we are not determining the 
nature or extent of any measures which 
might be adopted, or their effectiveness 
we point to the font that the Government 
of South Africa has itself used economic 
measures against its neighbours and that 
such measures are patently instruments 
of its own national policy. 

We are convinced that the South 
African Government is concerned about 
the adoption of effective economic 
measures against iL If it comes to the 
condusion that it would always remain 
protected from such measures, the 
process of change in South Africa is 
unlikely to increase in momentum and 
the descent into violence would be 
accelerated ... 

Commonwealth’s 
chance to 
avert bloodbath 

From the point of view of the black 
leadership, the course now takes by the 
world community will have the great 
significance. Hat leadership has already 
come to the view that diplomatic 
persuasion has not and will not move the 
South African Government sufficiently. 
If it also comes to believe that the world 
community will never exercise sufficient 
effective pressure through other mea- 
sures . . . they will have only one option 
remaining: that of ever-increasing .vio- 
lence. 

The question in from of Heads of 
Governments is in our view clear. It is 
qoi whether such measures will compel 
change; it is already the case that their 
absence and Pretoria’s belief that they 
need not be feared, defers change. Is the 
Commonwealth to stand by and allow 
the cyde of violence to spiral? Or will it 
take concerted action of an effective 
kind? Such action may offer the last 
opportunity to avert what could be 
the worst bloodbath 
since the Second World 
.War. 

We hope that this report 
will assist the Common- 
wealth — and the wider 
international communi- 
ty — in helping all the 
people of South Africa 
save themselves from 
that awesome tragedy. 



« 






A searchlight 
in apartheid’s 
dark tunnel 


The following is an extract 
from the Commonwealth 
Group of Eminent Persons’ 
report on South Africa: 
Apartheid: dismantle or re- 
form? None of us was pre- 
. pared for the full reality of 
apartheid. As a contrivance of 
social engineering, it is awe- 
some in its cruelty. !t is 
, achieved and sustained only 
through force, creating human 
misery and deprivation and 
blighting the lives of millions. 
The degree 10 which apartheid 
has divided and 
compartmentalised South Af- 
rican society is nothing short 
of astounding. 

The living standards of 
South Africa's white cities and 
towns must rank with the 
highest anywhere: those of the 
black townships which sur- 
round them defy description 
in terms of "Jiving standards". 
Apartheid creates and sepa- 
rates them; blck and white live 
as strangers in the same land. 

Crossroads, on the outskirts 
of Cape Town, is in many 
ways a symbol of the apart- 
heid system. Here, in defiance 
of the "homelands” policy 
and the Group Areas Act and 
of persistent attempts to re- 
move them forcibly to their 
allotted areas, thousands of 
families have chosen to squat. 
When we visited it in March, 
the community, despite severe 
hardship, was slicking togeth- 
er. Its families were crowded 
into crude shanties, fashioned 
from discarded sheets of cor- 
rugated iron, and lined with 
cardboard and polythene in an 



attempt to keep out the cokL 
The shanties have neither 
sewage systems nor electricity, 
and are serviced only by a few 
communal water taps. Yet in a 
triumph of the human spirit, 
the people were clean, the 
shacks generally tidy. 

Beyond Crossroads, we saw 
for ourselves the state of 
overcrowded, and much of it 
ramshackle, black urban hous- 
ing — in townships such as 
Johannesburg's Soweto, where 
perhaps almost two million 
people were living in housing 
designed for 800,000. 

By contrast, most white 
suburbs were pictures of afflu- 
ence. well away from the 
sights and sounds of black 
townships. For the greater 
part, whites are able to go 
about their daily lives without 
tfny direct exposure to the 
conditios in the townships. 

The pattern of segregation 
we first witnessed in Cape 
Town was even more stark 
away from the city. In tire 
.Karoo, pleasant, white form- 
ing centres each have their 
own satellite black and col- 
oured townships, squalid res- 
ervoirs quarantined from 
white areas but from which 
they draw labour. The neat 
white town of Cradock has its 
swimming pool; in the 
neighbouring black township 
of Lingelihle children have 
only a cesspit in which to play 
and keep cool. This story was 
frequently repeated. 

The apartheid system not 
only sustains white political 
dominance: it is equally de- 




BOTSWANA 


Gaborone* 


NAMIBIA 




ft. 





VS* 


SWAZILAND. 


Orange Free! 


SOUTH AFRICA 


Capo Province 


signed to keep blacks econom- 
ically weak and confined to 
low-paid jobs. It excludes 
blacks from significant owner- 
ship of land, severely restricts 
their business opportunity 
and ensures cheap labour for 
white-owned industry, form- 
ing and commerce. Hie 
"homelands" are in reality 
rural slums, reservoirs of la- 
bour for the "white areas”. 

For apartheid to end, the 
"homelands” policy must be 
abandoned. Yet even while we 
were there, the Government 
reaffirmed that 

"independence” will be grant- 
ed to KwaNdebele before the 
year's end. 

One area where change was 
most manifest is that of 
public amenities. When we 
first arrived the hotels we used 
where simply designated 
“international” as an excep- 
tion to apartheid's segregation 
of facilities. Latterly all hotels 
have been exempted and are 
now allowed to admit people 
of all races as residents or as 
casual patrons of their restau- 
rants and bars. Cinemas are 
increasingly being 

desegregated. 

The question remains, does 
all this make any real differ- 
ence to the impact of apart- 
heid on the lives of blacks? To 
the casual visitor, apartheid 
may appear to be on the way 
out In its essential elements, 
it remains very much intact. 

The Government's 
programme: 

For the blades, the great 
majority of the people of 


*!*&m 

ATU 










HOMELANDS I 
100 mites 


[OCEANS 




Eminent domain: the town and country travels which helped the Commonwealth group In their search of the evidence 


South Africa, the most signifi- 
cant reform since apartheid 
was introduced has been the 
move to abolish (the pass 
laws). 

Yet it is illuminating to note 
that the abolition of a docu- 
ment symbolic of more hu- 
man misery than any other 
aspect of apartheid's adminis- 
tration. has evoked no sense of 
freedom among blacks. More 
than anything else, this mure 
black reaction demonstrated 
to us the current acute lack of 
mist 

The way in which the new 
Constitution is framed is also 
instructive, as the Govern- 
ment daims that this intro- 
duced “power-sharing" 
among the groups concerned 
Yet, stripped to its barest 
essentials, no legislation of 
any consequence can be en- 
acted without at least white 
acquiescence. Neither of the 
other groups holds this power 
of veto. 

In our view the various 
reforms undertaken or fore- 
shadowed to date must be 
viewed against the back- 


ground of a determination not 
to give up white cointrol. The 
harshness of apartheid, in 
many of its manifestations, 
has been and is being softened. 
But the essential pillars 
remain. 

White community attitudes: 

We recognise the huge diffi- 
culties of adjustment feeing 
the white community. As the 
editor of one leading English 
daily put it recently: “It will 
not be easy for many whites to 
settle down to what is their 
inevitable destiny in a multi- 
racial country where the popu- 
lation is three-quarters black”. 

There was thus, we sensed, a 
widely-felt need for distrac- 
tions within the white com- 
munity. The passion for sport, 
especially rugby provided 
such an opportunity. On the 
arrival of a “rebel" New 
Zealand rugbv team, a Rugby 
Board official was reported as 
exulting that rugby had 
"changed the face of South 
Africa” by driving Nelson 
Mandela from the front page 
on to page six. As '’white” 


South Africa basked in the 
illusion of an imagined inter- 
national respectability, the 
death toll continued to mount 
unabated m the townships and 
tn the “homelands”. 

The response of whites to 
the presence of overseas 
sportsmen, whether represen- 
tative qr not. brought home to 
us the impact and importance 
of the international sports 

Misguided notion 
that changes 
can be resisted 

boycott of which the 
Gleneagles Agreement is a 
vital part. 

The lengths to which the 
South African authorities are 
prepared to go in elevating the 
importance of visiting teams, 
and the huge financial induce- 
ments they offer, reveal their 
craving for supposed interna- 
tional recognition. That alone 
demonstrates the continuing 
need for this form of pressure, 
including the strict observance 
of the Gleneagles Agreement 




Of course, big business has 
for some years favoured re- 
form. Needing a more skilled 
and mobile labour force to 
service South African industry 
as the economy has moved 
away from a simple depen- 
dence on mining and agricul- 
ture. business has called for 
increased spending on educa- 
tion, better housing and the 
abolition of influx control. 

Clearly a numnber of Afri- 
kaners. including some who 
trace their roots tack over 300 
years to the original Clutch 
Colony, feel their whole future 
threatened and see no country 
which might match up to their 
“fatherland". 

Some of tiiem are turning to 
the misguided notion that 
their power to subdue blacks 
by using the full power of the 
security forces renders them 
sufficiently strong to resist 
fundamental change. They 
dose their eyes to the simple 
focL acknowledged by Gov- 
ernment and business alike, 
that both whites and blacks 
separately have it within their 


power to destroy the country. 

Thus in recent months the 
country has witnessed the 
emergence of a growing and 
increasingly assertive extreme 
right wing as Afrikanerdom 
begins to fragment under the 
cumulative weight of the pres- 
sures we have described. 

This phenomenon is not 
altogether surprising. For two 
generations, whites in South 
Africa have lived as beneficia- 
ries of apartheid in a system 
engineered by a political party 
which constantly asserted 
white supremacy. 

When they witness an ap- 
parent change in Government 
theology with the rhetoric of 
total white control giving way 
to talk of power-sharing, a 
backlash of some description 
is inevitable. But just as the for 
right is a creation of the 
National Party so, too, must it 
accept responsibility for deal- 
ing with iL The need for 
courageous leadership has 
never been greater. 

Certainly, whatever the 
threat from the extreme righL 
the Government can still rely 
on carrying the majority of the 
while community if h takes 
bold decisions to bring peace 
and prosperity to the country 
as a whole. 

Indeed there is a growing 
number of whites, a number of 
whom we met. who are 
“ahead” of the Government 
and see the peaceful eradica- 
tion of apartheid as the only 
hope. Our impression in this 
regard is also borne out by a 
number of recent opinion 
polls. Dr Alex Boraine in his 
speech of resignation in Par- 
liament. just before our first 
visit to South Africa, called on 
those he knew to be in the 
ruling National Party and 
discontented with the 
Government’s progress to- 
wards reform, to stand up and 
be counted 

Nevertheless, it remains the 
case that many whites genu- 
inely entertain fears about 
thier future in any new dispen- 
sation. We found a keen 
awareness of this among re- 
sponsible black leaders, to- 
gether with an 
acknowledgement of the need 
to allay them. 













k 1 1'-.v 




THE TTMF.S FRIDAY TTINE 13 1986 


SOUTH AFRICA: THE MESSAGE OF THE MISSION 


Who feeds 




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;.s=n 


nKinwqjj 


cl tance ia 


. :•=& 


The Commonwealth group 
says it is a “tragedy" that the 
South African Government, 
as a matter of policy, has 
deliberately built up a picture 
of the African National Con- 
gress as “an organisation dom- 
inated by communists, 
wedded to creating a Marxist 

Stare m South Africa". The 
report continues: 

Early iri June, the Govern-: 
merit.. in -a mass publicity 
booklet entitled “Talking with' 
the ANC" insinuated that- 
Nelson Mandeb himself is a 
communist and that 23 out of 
30 members of the ANCs 
national Executive are either 
members or active supporters 
ofihe South African Commu- 
nist Party. 

The issue of violence: 
Throughout our work in 
South Africa, the issue of 
violence cropped up again and 
again. It U, in a way, central to 
the political debate in the 
country. The Government de- 
mands of its opponents a 
renunciation of violence or 
a “commitment to non- 
violence" — as a precondition 
to negotiation; its opponents 
say their violence is reactive, 
ami call upon the Govern- 
ment to abandon its violence 
first. Where does the truth lie? 

All Governments have co- 
ercive powers, and regard the 
maintenance of law and order 
as their first duty. If the 
Government of South Africa 
was a democratic government, 
its claims in this regard would 
command some respect. 

But the situation in South 
Africa is different: the objec- 
tives of. the South African 
Government are different; 
and the rules and conventions 
governing the use of state 
power are different. It is 
important that these differ- 
ences should be clearly under- 
stood if the issue of violence is 
to be viewed in proper 
perspecii ve. 


the Government riding rough- 
shod over the wishes and 
traditions of the people affect- 
ed, necessitated coercion by 
the Slate in a manner and on.a 
scale which* reveal the inher- 
ent violence of the system. 

The making of “while" 
South Africa required a num- 
ber of Constitutional change . 

First, non-whites . enfran- 
chised under the 191D;Union 
had to lose the vote. This- was 
achieved, in the face of strenu- 
ous opposition by the Govern- 
ment packing the Senate and 
so subverting a Supreme 
Court judgment; ... 

Second; because the Afrika- 
ner wanted to believe zhat he 
was acting from convictions of 
- righteousness, a number of 
fictions had lo be created. The 
first was to the effect that 
blacks were not South African 
at all: rather they belonged to 
one or another of the 
“homelands", according to 
their tribal origins, language or 
cultu re, even though there had 
been much inter-marriage and 
fading of tribal roots iwht the 
move to the cities. 

As a consequence, to dale, 
some eight million blacks 


have been stripped of their 
South African citizenship, to 
become, in the South African 
legal system, foreigners in 
tbier own land. 

• Recently.: however, this ap- 
proach has bent modified to 
die extent that citizens of 
“homelands" who live perma- 
nently. in“white" South Africa 
may have their South African 
citizenship : restored. About 
three million blacks stand to 
benefit 

Chard! views: We sought 
the . views of the church, 
believing tiiaf with ots exten- 
sive grassroots contacts and 


intimate knowledge of the 
and difficult! 


sentation and harassment 
threats and injury- Leaders of 
the South African Council of 
Churches . . . shared a consid- 
erable identity of view, a deep- 
seated fear thst South Africa 
stood on -the brink of 
catastrophe. 

Business community: Busi- 
ness leaders on the whole 
believed that the prosperity of 
the country depended upon 
achieving improvements in 
black purchasing power and 
the creation of more skilled 
jobs for blacks. There was a 
dear preference for dealing 
with “moderate" blacks. 


The Commonwealth 
group visited 


Nelson Mandela 


and concluded 


that releasing 


him would ease 


racial tension 


problems and difficulties of 
ordinary people, (it) would be 
an accurate barometer of the 
popular mood. We found the 
church was a force for change. 
At the parish level wee spoke 
to clergy who on normal 
circumstances, would have 
been content to puyrsue their 
pastoral duties, but now found 
themselves compelled ro 
spade out against injustice and 
racism. . 

In doing so they had suf- 
fered with other people — 
detention and* trial, misrepre- 


The apartheid state - ori- 
gins of violence: The grand 
design of apartheid, as con- 
ceived by the Nationalists in 
1948, was to make South 
Africa a “white" country. It 
was for this reason, as we have 
already mentioned, that near- 
ly seven-eighths T)f the territo- 
ry was to be and still is, 
exclusively for the small white 
minority (now about 4.8 mil- 
lion people) and the remain- 
der of the overwhelming black 
majority (now over 24 qiilHnn 
people). The impJemention of 
this design over the years, with 


The Nassau brief 


in our report we have 
addressed the five steps 
which the Nassau Accord 
caned on the authorities in 
Pretoria to take “in a 
genuine manner and as a 
matter of urgency”. They, 
and our conclusions with 
to them, areas 


• Declare that tho system 
of apartheid wffl be 
dismantled and specific 
and meaningful action taken 
in fuffament of that intent 


We have examined the 
Government's “programme' of 
reform" and have been 
forced to conclude that at 
present there is no 
genuine intention on the part 
of file South African* 
Government to efismantie 
apartheid. 


• Terminate the 
existing state of emergency 
Although the state of 
emergency was technicafly 
fitted, the substantive 
powers remain broadly in 
force under the orefinary 
laws of the land which: even 
now,are being hither 
strengthened m thiscfirectron. 


• Release fmmediateiy 
and uncandNtonaBy Nelson 
Mandela and ail others 
imprisoned aid detained for 
their opposition to 
apartheid 

Nelson ' Mandela and 
other poetical leaders remain 
m prison 

• • Establish DoKtical 
freedom and spedficafiy Eft 
file existingban on the 
African JiaSona! Congress 
and other political parties 

Political freedom is far 
from being established; if 
anything it is being more . 
rigorously curtailed. The ANC 
and other political parties 
remain banned. 

• Initiate, in the context 
of a supsenafon of violence 
on ati sides, a process of 
dialogue across fines of 
colour, politics and 
retigion, with a view to 
establishing a non-radal 
and representative 
government 

The cycle of violence 
and counter-violence has 
spiralled and there Is no 
present prospect of a process 
of dialogue leading to the 
. . tabfen merit of a non-raefai 
and representative 
government 


Prospects for negotiations; 
We probed the thinking (of the 
Pretoria Government) in 
depth. Ministers said they bad 
taken careful note of the 
Nassau Accord's emphasis cm 
negotiation and dialogue in 
the context of a suspension of 
violence. Ministers claimed 
that a radical movement away 
from classic apartheid bad 
been under way for at least a 
decade. 

. _ (But) the South African 
Government's position defies 
succinct summary. It has per- 
1 fected a specialised - political 
vocabulary which, while say- 
ing one thing, means quite 
another. 

Thus, the stated approach to 
negotiations was 

qualified . . . whilst apartheid 
was decaired “outmoded", 
“finished" and “dead” the 
Government's objective was 
the exercise of political rights 
and freedoms within the struc- 
tures of “groups” or 
“communities". 

We were immediately 
struck by the Government’s 
attitude to the question of 
violence . ... there was no rec- 
ognition that apartheid itself 
was sustained through vio- 
lence 

So far as the Government 
was -concerned, tbe over- 
whelming responsibility for 
violence lay upon the ANC 
and its supporters. The upris- 
ings in the townships, .the 
failure of blacks to come 
forward to co-operate with the 
Government, the commercial 
and school boycotts, testified 
- in the view of the Govern- 
ment — to the dominance of 
the ANC by “communist' 
controlled terrorists" 


Extracted tom Mission To South 
Africa - The Commonwealth Re- 
port. pubUshed as a Penguin Spe- 
cialat£Z9S 

© Copyright Commonwealth 
Secretariat, 1988 


F rom the hpgfaning w 
recognized the essen- 
tia! significance in any 
political settlement of 
one man. Nelson Mandela. 
Imprisoned these last 24 
years, latterly In Follsmoor 
Prison, he is an isolated and 
toady figure, bearing his in- 
carceration with courage ami 
fortitude. 

(He) can be said to repre- 
sent aH those imprisoned, 
detained, banned, or in exile 

for their opposition Mr 

Mandela is himself a political 
prisoner. Nelson Mandela is a 
symbol for blacks, not only at 
their lack of political freedom 
but of their straggle to attain 
it He is a potent inspiration 
for ranch of the political 
activity of black Sooth Afri- 
cans. (He is) a legend in his 
own lifetime. 

The call for his freedom has 
developed into the centrepiece 
of tiie demand for a political 
settlement. It is the shorthand 
for the proposition that, as his 
daughter Zindzi conveyed it, 
“there is an alternative to the 
inevitable bloodbath." 

But we also recognize that, 
for some whites, he represents 
something rather different — 
fears which, if anfoamled, are 
real nonetheless. They iodide 
the belief that Nelson 
Mandela is a mpn of violence 
and that violence conld not be 
contained on his release. 

Most of these fears have 
been fuelled by the 
Government's own campaign 
against Mr Mandela and the 
ANC (African National Con- 
gress). To that extort, they an 
self-induced; bat they are 
nonetheless real for all that 
and cannot be ignored . . . 

With each month and year 
of (Mandela's) further incar- 
ceration, the difficulties of the 
Government will grow. While 
fit at present, he is a man of 67. 

It would be wise to heed the 
words of Soren Kierkegaard: 
“The tyrant dies and his role 
ends: the martyr dies and his 
rule begins". . 


tiona Lists came In more than 
one colour . . Jie pledged him- 
self anew to work for a 
□raitirariaJ society in which aB 
wonld have a secure 
place ... be recognised the 
fears of many white people, 
which had been intensified by 
Government propaganda, bat 
emphasised the importance of 
minority groups befog given * 
real sense of security in any. 
new society in South Africa. 

That desire for goodwill was 
palpable. The Minister of 
Justice . . . was present at the 
start of ora* second meeting 
and Mr Mandela pressed him 
to remain, saying he had 
nothing to hide. It was his 
strongly stated view that if the 
drcmnstances conld be created 
in which the Government and 
tbe ANC could talk, some of 
the problems which arose 
solely through lack of contact 
could be eliminated. 

We were impressed by the 
consistency of (Mr Mandela’s) 
beliefs. He emphasized he was 
a nationalist, not a 
communist ... his principles 
indoded tbe necessity for tbe 
unity and political emancipa- 
tion of all Africans in the land 
of their birth .. . 


Nelson Mandela: the dangers of him becoming a martyr. 


The group approached the 
(two) meetings with Mr 
Mandela with, another mea- 
sure of care. It was impossible 
not to be aware of the mytholo- 
gy surrounding him but eqnai- 
- ly, we were determined that it 
should not cotonr oar impres- 
sions or influence oar 
judgement. 

We were first struck by his 
physical authority - by his 
immaculate appearance, his 
apparent good health and his 
commanding presence. In his 
manner he exuded authority 
and received the respect of all 
around him, inrinHmg the 
gaotots. That in part seemed 
to reflect his own philosophy 
of separating people from 
policy. 

His authority clearly ex- 
tends throughout the national- 
ist movement, although he 
constantly reiterated that be 
could not speak lor his col- 
leagues in the ANC; that, 
apart from his personal view- 
point, any concerted view must 
come after proper conciliation 
with all concerned; and that 


his views could only carry 
weight when expressed collec- 
tively through the ANC. 

There was no visible dis- 
tance of outlook, however, 
between Nelson Mandela and 
the ANC leadership in Lusa- 
ka. He was at pains to pomt 
oat that his own authority 
derived solely from his posi- 
tion within the organization. 


W e found his atti- 
tude to others 
outside the ANC 
reasonable and 
conciliatory. (He) was con- 
scious of the divisions which 
had arisen among the Mack 
community. Nevertheless he 
was confident that, if he were 
to be released from prison, the 
unity of all Mack leaders, 
indnding Chief Bnthdezi, 
conld be achieved. 

Nelson Mandela took care 
to emphasize his desire for 
reconciliation across the di- 
vide of cotonr. He described 
himself as a deeply-committed 
South African nationalist but 
added that South African na- 


O nr fourth impress ton 
was that Nelson 
Mandela was a man 
who had been driven 
to armed struggle only with 
the greatest reluctance, solely 
in the absence -of any other 
alternative to tbe violence of 
the apartheid system and nev- 
er as an end in itself. It was a 
coarse of action which, he 
signed, had been forced upon 

him. 

We accept that the release 
of Nelson Mandela presents 
the South African Government 
with a difficult 
dilemma . . . there, is a grow- 
ing realization in Government 
circles that any benefits of 
incarceration are outweighed 
by tbe disadvantages winds 
daily become more apparent. 
Tbe Government expressed 
the fear that his release might 
result In an uncontrollable 
explosion of violence. 

We do not hold this view. 
Provided the negotiating pro- 
cess was agreed, Mr 
Mandela's own voice would 
appeal for calm. We believe 
bis authority would secure 
it ... we all agreed that it was 
tragic that a man of his 
outstanding capabilities 
should continue to be denied 
the opportunity to help shape 
his country's future . . . 


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OVERSEAS NEWS 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 Ji 


Suit 2 bail in Moscow’s court 


Reagan will seek arms 
reduction deal before 
breaching missile limit 


From Michael Binyon, Washington 


President Reagan has sug- President Castro of Cuba, Mr 
gested that he has still not Yassir Arafat, the PLO chair- 


made a final decision on man, and Colonel Gadaffi, the 
whether to abandon the mis- Libyan leader. He did not put 


sile limits set by the Salt 2 Mr Gorbachov in the same 


agreement. 


category, be said. He was the 


He told a nationally tele- first Soviet leader “that has 
vised press conference on ever voluntarily spoken of 


Wednesday that his decision reducing nuclear weapons”, 
would depend on Soviet arms The President appeared 


control policies over the next halting and sometimes con- 
few months. ■ ■— ■■■■■ 


The United Slates would do 
its utmost to draw the Soviet 
Union into talks on a replace- 


Chemical ban call 

President Reagan yesterday 


merit treaty that would reduce called for speedier negotia- 
superpower nuclear arsenals, dons towards a worldwide ban 


Before exceeding the treaty on chemical weapons in a 
limits when the 131st B52 .message to the 40-nation dis- 


bomber is armed with cruise 
missiles this autumn, the US 
would try' to engage the Rus- 


annament conference (Renter 
reports from Geneva). 

In his message, read by the 


sians in talks on a “definite chief delegate Mr Donald 
arms reduction programme”. Lowitz, Mr Reagan expressed 


“We're going to see if we 
cannot persuade them to join 
in the things they are talking 
about: arms reduction.” he 
said. “And, if nothing is done, 
then we'll make the decision 
with regard to that claim.” 

He again asserted that the 
Soviet Union had breached 
the treaty, while the US had 
observed it. it was a flawed 
document which did not con- 
tribute to disarmament but 


his conviction that the confer- 
ence was folly capable of 
achieving a treaty outlawing 
chemical arms. He said the 
US “stands ready to intensify 
even further these negoti- 
ations” and called mi confer- 
ence members to follow suit. 


fused in the half-hour session 
at the White House and 
misunderstood - two questions. 
When asked about the War- 


onjy regulated the pace of saw Pact proposal on Tuesday 


build-up. 

Mr Reagan confirmed that 
the Russians had just made a 
new arms proposal at Geneva 
which the US would study. He 
would not comment further 
because the talks were con- 
fidential. 

Mr Reagan admitted that he 
had “goofed" in a speech this 
week in which he compared 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov to 


for big troop reductions, his 
response was about a separate 
Soviet proposal on reducing 
strategic weapons. Asked 
about the Supreme Court 
decision reaffirming the right 
of a woman to an abortion. he 
spoke about its decision this 
week on severely handicapped 
babies. 

He was also equivocal when 
asked about Mrs Margaret 


Thatcher’s plea to .American 
tourists to visit Britain: “We 
know, about the dangers 
throughout the world. I cer- 
tainly don't want to be quoted 
as advocating a tourist rush in 
the face of the world the way it 
is.” Then he appeared to 
endorse a judgement by the 
US Ambassador to Britain 
that London was one of the 
safest dues in the world. 

He said it was too early to 
decide whether to build a 
replacement for the shuttle 
Challenger as he was still 
studying the Rogers Commis- 
sion report. He believed the 
US should go ahead with a 
new arbiter. 

He did not blame anyone at 
Nasa for the accident it was 
born of a “carelessness that 
grew out of success”. 

He again appealed to Con- i 
gross to vote for aid to the 
Nicaraguan rebels. Delay was 
deadly and played along with 
the communist game plan: 
“While we may have tied our 
own hands, the Soviets, Cu- 
bans and Libyans haven't lied 
theirs." The US had not 
planned for any contingency 
be yond aiding the Contras. 

• STRASBOURG: The Eu- 
ropean Parliament has strong- 
ly condemned the US inten- 
tion to repudiate Salt 2 (Our 
Correspondent writes). 

Its resolution opposes uni- 
lateral infringement of arms 
control treaties. It sets out a 
five-point plan to cut strategic 
arms by 50 per cent, ban 
chemical weapons, abolish 
medium-range weapons, re- 



Peres attempts to 

damp down fires 
of religions fury 


From lav Murray, Jerusalem . 

A spedal cooeUiatioa coon- Oorenuaaadof^sma 

Ifctote^nptotrytosettte ■» ! i 

gry differences between sec- Labour 

wand reckons Jewish com- rely on support from i 

nnitks^Sasfiflte of arson part**- 

f extremists from both camps both the Wg pa1iesn«»^‘ 


Oslo funds ... 
itself in 
dock over 
whaling 


6 nf dea 


iiihu 






it ‘s\ 

V: - \ 




• ■ 

' - _ i. : 


cfl isto be set up to try to settle 
an gr y differences betwee n sec- 
ular and refigfous Jewish com- 
munities after % spate of arson 
by extremists from both camps 
Which has shocked the 
country. 

The agreement to set up the 
council was reached after an 
eme rgency mee^^ol todl^y^ 

Peres, the Prime Minister. 
Those who took part, and who 
will help nakeop the council, 
included Knesset members 
from, the reUghms parties, 
mayors and chief rabbis from 
the main rides, senior police 
officers and representatives 
from the med ™- 

Mr Peres had already told 
the police to increase efforts to 
catch members of the uitra- 
octhodox community who have 
been spray-painting and burn- 
ing down bus shelters in 
protest at what they dafm are 


From Tony Samstag 
Malum, S«i£e* 


religions party support if it 
ever wants to form a jgoveni- 


rival into the coal iti on- 
Both Mr Peres, who leads 
tte Labour Party. 

Yitzhak Shamir, the Lnam 
leader, are therefore treading 
very carefully in order not to 
offend the nltra-orthodox. 

The statement issued alter 
the meeting yesterday con- 
demned the violence as con- 
trary to “the principles of 
social and ideological toler- 
ance” for which tte state of 

Israel was founded, bat it also 

said - pointedly, for , the 

bereft of swimsuit advertisers 

— -it is our duty to avoid 

action which may be viewed by 


-lewd” advertising posters of certain groups amongns as 


. N . 



little and large: Mr Hn Yaobang is dwarfed by Chancellor 
Kohl of West Germany m Bonn yesterday. 


Hu backing for Bonn 


Bonn (Reuter) — The Chi- 
nese Communist Party leader, 
Mr Hu Yaobang, yesterday 
criticized the Soviet Union for 
failing to inform neighbouring 
countries promptly about the 
nuclear reactor disaster at 
Chernobyl. 

Mr Hu. who yesterday start- 


duce conventional arms and ed a five-day official visit to 
implement “confidence-build- West Germany, welcomed 


for an international confer- 
ence on midear reactor safety. 
Mr Hu said China would at- 
tend any such gathering. 

Mr Hu will hold talks today 
with Chancellor Kohl which 
are expected to. centre on 
prospects for increased eco- 
nomic co-operation between 
Bonn and Peking. 


ing measures 


Chancellor Helmut Kohl's call 


Leading article, page 15 


girts in swimsuits. 

Bat statements by religions 
leaders have now made it dear 
that they consider that much 
more than offensive pktmes is 
filming the nttra-orthodox to 
violence. 

The Chief Rabbinate, while 
condemning bns shelter van- 
dals, wanted that conthmed 
p n Mir breaking of traditional 
Jewish easterns “will arouse, 
as it has already aroused, 
unceasing public quarrel and 
strifes”. An emergency Rab- 
binical Comal is to be con- 
vened next week to dtsenss the 
way in which religions laws 
are sees increasingly to be 
broken. 

These -is now a real threat 
that, if the Government does 
not take action to step Sab- 
bath violation and disruption 
of the religioas status qaa, the 
religious parties will pidl out 
of (he coalition. 

This would not bring the 


provocative, so long as it does 
not injure another group”. 

While the rate of law would 
be enforced agains t those who 
broke it, “whether in broad 
daylight and in an or g a nized 

manner, or in darkness ami m 
secrecy”, the Government is 
now committed to work to 
reduce tension and to increase 
unders tanding . 

The police have meanwhile 
fa Iran a nrnnh er of detectives 
off normal crime investiga- 
tions to track down both those 
who have been setting fire to 
bns shelters and the self- 
styled -People Against the 
Ultra-Orthodox”, who 
claimed to have sg fire to a 
svnasosne on Wednesday 


The ultra-orthodox commu- 
nity has recruited 2,000 volun- 
teers, who say they are 
prepared to go to prison if, 
necessary, to spray and dam- 
age provocative posters. 


Norway. arguably she most 
conSCTvauon-mHHted counfry . 
in the world, today feces the f 6 
embarrassment of being 
branded a “Quisling” by the 
international environmental 
movement... 

The name of Sondmavia's 
most notorious trailer has 
been invoked by delegates to 
the 38th meeting of the Inter- 
nationa) Whaling Commis- 
sion here as part of a campaign 
to shame the Norwegians into 
abandoning foefr defence of 
commercial whaling in the 
North Atlantic. 

Sir Peter Scott, a great 
friend of Norway, the honor- 
ary chairman of the World 
Wildlife Fund and a UK 
delegate to the IWG part it this h 
way: “The Norwegians have 
now become the villains of the 
piece”. 

He quoted the Norwegian 
explorer and. author. Thor 
Heyerdahl: “Only twice in my 
life have I been ashamed to be 
Norwegian — the first time 
when Quisling look office, and 
the second when Norway an- 
nounced that it would contin- 
ue whaling”. 

But from the writer of 
rhetorical flourishes issued 
this week, a S’/b-page docu- 
ment. entitled Disregarding 
History and signed by four of 
the most eminent scientists 
ever involved in the com mis- Jp. 
sion, stands out 

The statement concludes: 
“The IWC was judged by the 
world on its stewardship of the 
blue. fin. fei and humpback 
whates, and found guilty on all 
charges of negligence. In 1974. 
when the IWC adopted a new 
management policy, it was 
released on parole. The final 
judgment will be based on the 
commission's treatment of the 
minke whale.” 


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MOVE UP TO FIVE STAR INTEREST 
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Russia offers joint 
advance in space 


if af m mm 


4iij 


From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
The Kremlin yesterday un- weather forecasting and re- 




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veiled a far-reaching plan for 
an international space organi- 
zation to promote the joint 
exploration of space, includ- 
ing in the long term co- 
operative manned flights to 
other planets, using the Moon 
asa bare. 

The “Star Peace” plan was 
outlined in a tetter from Mr 
Nikolai Ryzhkov, the Soviet 


mote probing of the Earth for 
agricultural purposes. 

The second stage, set for the 
fust half of the 1990s, foresees 
the organization — comprising 
mainly the big spare powers — 
designing and building space 
systems that could study the 
■ Earth's - t biosphere: foe part 
where life can exist. 

In the third stage, in the first 


Prime Minister, to Senior decades ofthe 21st century, it 
Javier P6rez de Curilar, the. would build space stations 


United Nations Seanetary- 
Generai, and was deliberately 
contrasted with President 
Reagan's Star Wars scheme. 


and spaceships for manned 
flights to other planets. 

Western sources saw it as a 
plan along similar lines to 


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world conference on space 
would be held not later than 
1990, and a world space 
organization would be estab- 
lished for such projects as 
communications, global 


Gorbachov’s agenda for rid- 
ding the world of nuclear 
weapons by the year 2000, 
with propaganda value to- 
wards improving Moscow's 
image vrwi-vfc Washington 




Sri Lanka 
to unveil 


Professor 
appeals for 


peace plan wife’s visa 



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To: Dept PS9, Abbey Natiora] Building Society, FREEPOST, 201 Grafton Gate East, MILTON KEYNES 
MK91DA. 

I/We would like Five Star treatment for myfour money and apply immediately, enclosing a cheque for 
r . tn he im/astpd in a Phfg Star Arrymnt at my/ntir loral hr»m4i in 

Please send fnB details and an application card. 

I/We understand the rates might vary. 

I/We understand that foe interest will be credited annually on 1st September to this account. 

Full narrows) Mr/Mrs/Miss, ' 


From Vmtita Yapa 
Colombo 

President Jayewardene of 
Sri Lanka will summon all the 
nation's recognized political 
parties later this month and 
place before them the Govern- 
ment's proposals to solve the 
ethnic conflict through devolu- 
tion, the independent Sun 
reported yesterday. 

Ministers will discuss the 
details at next Wednesday's 
Cabinet meeting and formally 
approve them before they are 
revealed to the parties attend- 
mg the conference on June 25. 

The moderate Tamil United 
Liberation Front, whose lead- 
ers are based in Madras, is 
also expected to be- invited. 

The Sou said that Sri 
Lanka's High Commissioner 
in India, Mr Bernard TOBe- 
keratne, who is in Colombo, 
wiD take a personal mgway 
from President Jayewardene 
to the Indi an Prime Minister, 
Mr Rapv Gandhi, outlining 
the steps being taken to seek a 
political solatkm. 

The letter is expected to 
allay Indian fears that the 
Colombo is bent on a military 
solution to the ethnic problem. 

Meanwhile, in Triacomalee 
in the Eastern Province, wbae 
bombs exploded on two bases 
kiOhig 22 people on Wednes- 
day, the 12-boar curfew has 
beeH reimposed. 

Police have revealed tfaf 
the bombs were brought on to 
th* bases by two people who 
asked a Buddhist priek and a 


Moscow (Reuter) — Profes- 
sor Naum Meiman, a 75-year- 
old Soviet mathematician 
who has been campaigning for 
his cancer-stricken wife to be 
allowed to go abroad for 
treatment, said she was dying 
and appealed urgently for an 
exit visa. 

Mr Meiman, who has been 
denied permission to emigrate 
since .1975, said that four 
operations in two years bad 
foiled to cure a neck tumour 
suffered by bis wife, Inna Kit- 
rosskaya, aged 51 


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Branson aims 
to aid children 


New York - Mr Richard 
Branson, owner of Vjigjn 
Airlines, will use his attempt 
to gain the Blue Riband prize 
for foe fastest surface crossing 
of the Atlantic with his new 
boat. The Virgin Atlantic 
Challenger IL to raise funds 
for Action Research for foe 


Crippled Child. 
Four-vear-old 


Four-year-old Akira Mason, 
who suffers from cerebral 
palsy, presented Mr Branson 
with a scroll containing a 
message for foe disabled chil- 
dren of Britain from foe 
disabled children of America. 


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take care of the respective 
P^cris for a few nrfiwt^ ft] 
they retained. 

In the Jaffna pa rfmalg jg 
tile Northern Province, foe 
Government has banned fish- 
ing m the lagoons from today 
nntil further notice. 

Several fishermen are s aid 
to have been.amonK.30 peonte 
kilted at Mandative foan 
exchange of fire between gov- 
ernment troops and Tamil 
separatist guerrillas, accord- 
ing to military sources. Tele- 
phone finks with Jaffa 

remain cut and no independent 

reports' of the incident at 
Mandafivu are available. 


Bugqjno, Yugoslavia (AP)- 

Anthony Miles of Britain lost 

w^V- Yusupov o f the 
Soviet Union, and Hungary’s 
Ujos Portisch defeated Jan 

Netherlands 
in foe international chess tour- 
nanieni here. 


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Cyprus talks 


dteuto) - A three- 
Soviet Foreign Min- 
tary team amves in Cyprus 

fS2?L5»j5 iscuss Moscow^ 
Proposals to end 
the ethnic divjsj oa of Cvpras. 


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AiS^Se'es (AP) - Hands 
™ss Amenca. foe 4.152- 
human Ifok-up to fight 
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THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


OVERSEAS NEWS 


tell 

of death threats 
by ‘inhuman’ Contras 


Eight West German hos- 
tages freed by US-backed 
Contras in Nicaragua have 
said that they frequently 
feared for their lives during 
their 25 days in captivity. . . 

After their release, they told 

oFthreals to kill them Ifffiey 
did not keep marching, some- 
times 20 miles in a day; of 
shots fired past them to dis- 
courage thoughts of escape; of 
nights spent in the open in 
heavy tropical rain; and of 
diarrhoea, sickness and hun- 
ger from which they also 
feared they might die. . 

Their general treatment fry 
the Contras had been “in- 
human*’, they said. Herr Sieg- 
fried Ruetlin, who was already 
ill with hepatitis when the 
ordeal began, said a gun Had 
been held to his head one 
morning to force him to 
continue to march after he had 
told his captors that be was ' 
too weak to go on. 

But the captives said in a 
prepared statement that they 
did not wish to protest so 
much about their own treat- 
ment as against what they 
called the “murderous attack" 
on the village where they had 
been working as volunteers 
building homes for Nicara- 
guan peasants uprooted by the 
guerrilla war. 

The Contras had killed men 


From Alan Tomlinson, Mungu 


and women indiscriminately 
during a dawn raid on May 17 
at Jacinto Baca, near Nneva 
Guinea in the south-easioftbe 
country, the hostages aiipg^. 
“We saw for ourselves how 
cruel they are," Fraukia As- 
trid S teller said. 

Another of the four women 
the aroup, Fraulein 


Reishard Zimmer, described 
how the Contras, belonging to 
the main antJ-Sandraista rebel 
organiza t ion, the Nicaraguan 
Democratic Force, used the 
hostages as human shields to 
escape from the village under 
fire from its defenders after 
the attack. 

Asked to respond to charges 
by the Contras and a United 
States government official 
that the West Germans had 
been armed and in military 
uniform at the time of their 
cap ture, Fraulem Zimmer 
said: “This is. false. We are 
civilian volunteers who came 
to Nicaragua to try to rebuild 
what the Contras had de- 
stroyed. We were never armed 
at any time." 

Most said they wished to 
cany on their work, which had 
been continued in their ab- 
sence by other West German 
volunteers, known as 
“internationalists", of whom 
they estimated there were now 
about 300 in.Nicaragua. 

Asked if they had learnt why 


Argentina’s economic medicine 


Strikers turn down 
Alfonsin’s cure 


From a Correspondent, Buenos Aires 


As Argentina’s praised eco- 
nomic stabilization pro- 
gramme, file A astral Plan, 
completes its fust year, work- 
ers and farmers are waging 
strikes against the Govern- 
ment's tax and incomes 
policies. 


The first phase of the 
unorthodox plan — from June 
14 1985 to April 4 this year — 
curbed a runaway inflati on 
rateof more than 30 per cent a 
month, using wage-price con- 
trols and monetary reforms, 
fiscal discipline and increased 
tax collection amt pi^c ser- 
vice charges. 

The General Confederation 
of Workers (CGT) has called a 
24-boor general strike- for 
today in protest against . “» 
year of smothering family 
economies". In a stateme nt 
last week it was rhnwwl that 
the plan had depressed popu- 
lar consumption and gave a 
warning of “social explosions” 
if the policies continued. 

Two big farm organizations 
called their members baton 
strike on Monday and Tues- 
day this week, demanding the 
efimihation of export taxes on 
agricultural products. 

For the 2%-year-oid Gov- 
ernment of President Alfonsm, 
today’s general strike, the 
sixth since the return to 
civilian rale, is only one of a 
series of battles with, the union 
movement Unable to reach an 
agreement on basic minimum 
salaries, the Government de- 
creed a wage rise of &5 par' 
cent on May 7. This was 
rejected by the unions, who 
have since suspended the ne- 


gotiations and refused to at- 
. tend the annual International 
Labour. Organization meeting 
now taking place in Geneva. 

The CGT leader, Sefior Saul 
Ubaldini, said last week: “We 
workers broke with dictatorial 
regimes, but with democratic 
authorities we only suspend 
conversation". In spite of the 
conciliatory tope of that re- 
mark, wage agreements are 
unHkety in the near fame. 

At the root of the conflict are 
public sector wages, which 
. have fallen considarabiy m the 
past year as the- Government 
sought to rein m its., fiscal 
deficit. Recent figures show 
tfratlhe deficit has faUen to 2*6 
per cent of. gross domestic 
product in the first trimester of 
1966; down from 15 j& percent 
for 1983. :• 

The four hugest .unions , in 
Argentina are. made up of 
public administration employ- 
ees who will wield great influ- 
ence in negotiations over the 
“norraatizatian” of the CGT, 
which before the end of the 
year is to return to the 
operating procedures that pre- 
vailed before the mifitary took 
over government. 

Wage pressures are less 
strong in the private sector, 
where the combination of ex- 
tnHiffidal agreements and 
overtime have pushed salaries j 
up by 15 to 20 per cent. 

The increase in purchasing 
power has been strongly re- 
flected in the rise in basic food 
purchases. Meat consumption 
is at an historic high of about 
2201b per person per year, in 
spite of relatively Ugh prices. 


Fishermen 
call off 
blockade 


From Harry Debelms 
Madrid 


The blockade of the French 
port of Hendaye by nearly 400 
Spanish fishing vessels ended 
yesterday, after two days of 
tension. France has agreed to 
negotiate on the Spanish claim 
to fishing rights in a disputed 
zone in the Bay of Biscay, and 
French warships were also 
withdrawn. 

Spanish officials promised 
the fishermen that, at the first 
round of talks under arbitra- 
tion by European Community 
officials, they will insist that 
the Spanish vessels be allowed 
to continue fishing. in the 
disputed zone while negotia- 
tions last. 

A general strike yesterday 
paralysed Spanish pons, at 
Cartagena on ihe east coast, 
and in El Fterrol in the north- 
west, in protest at shipyard 
reconversion plans. A nation- 
al dockers' strike continued Ip 
interfere with shipping. 

Meanwhile, pilots with two 
Spanish airlines have called 
on industrial action, accord- 
ing to reports published here 
yesterday.The Spanish Airline 
Pilots Union accepted arbitra- 
tion in a dispute with Aviaco. 

Pilots with another airline, 
Spamax. announced that they 
will not lake part in a strike 
called by othw employees for 
Sunday. 

Spanish petrol station work- 
ers have also pur off a strike, 
originally scheduled for June 
23. to June 27 and 28. 


• palma de Majorca: : 

Hotel workers in Spain's Bale- 
aric Islands called off a series 
of one-day strikes yesterday 
after reaching agreement on 
wages and work conditions,, 
union spokesmen said . 


Slavery 
taunt by 
Marcos 


Fran Keith Dalton 

Manila 


President Corazon Aquino ; 
and 25,000 supporters yester- 
day watched a festive Inde- 
pendence Day parade here as 
the deposed ruler, Mr Ferdi- 
nand Marcos; told . radio lis- 
teners in a broadcast from 
exile in Hawaii that Mrs 
Aquino had enslaved the Fili- 
pino people. 

Mrs . Aquino watched the 
march-past of groups of gov- 
ernment workers, each led by 
a Cabinet minister, from the 
grandstand at Rizal Park, , 
adjacent to Manila Bay. 

The parade, including col- 
ourful floats and brass bands, 
was in sharp contrast to last 
year, when tanks led thou- 
sands of soldiers past the 
reviewing stand and air force 
planes swooped above' in a 
show of military support -for 
Mr Marcos. -. 

In February, eight months I 


later. Mr Marcos was. toppled | 
ihflita 


in a civilian-backed military 
revolt. Mrs Aquino urged the 
people in a brief address to 
safeguard the freedom' they 
had won from the “ruthless 
dictator". 

in his own- Independence I 
Day message. Mr Marcos { 
denounced the “u su rper s " in 
the presidential palace fori 
attacking his supporters, and j 
said- that <the country he had ; 
ruled for 20 years had .now j 
been thrown -into “slavery".: 


SAN ANTONIO; A busi- 
nessman who is alleged to 
have fronted more than 24 
corporations for Mr- Marcos, 
has agreed to pay S12 million 
(£8 million) to ihe Philippine 
Government in. exchange for 
iC5.drpH)ing efforts to seize 
land worth S51- million 


they had been abducted, they 
said their captors had told 
them their aim was to demon- 
strate to the world by freeing 
them that they respected hu- 
man rights. “This can only be 
described as cynical." said 
Fraulein Zimmer, 

The hostages were left in die 
eastern Nicaraguan bush on 
Tuesday evening to be picked 
up by a Nicaraguan Army 
patrol after several days of 
negotiations for their freedom 
-by Herr Hans-Jurgen 
Wischnewslri, a member of 
the West German Parliament 
and a leader of its opposition 
Social Democratic Party. 

Herr Wischnewski told a 
separate press conference that 
there was no doubt in his 


Howe tries 
to calm 
Hong Kong 
anxiety 


By Our Foreign Staff 


West Ger mans who had been held hostage by Nicaraguan Contras describing their ordeal to journalists in Managua. 


mind that the kidnapping had 
been “an act of terrorism" 


The Contras had listed eight 
conditions for the release of 
the hostages, be said, includ- 
ing poetical recognition for 
their movement: none were 
met. 

Tbe negotiator declined to 
disclose more than a few, 
vague details of his negotia- 
tions, nor would he say what 
role, if any, the United States 
had played after Chancellor 
Kohl's request for President 
Reagan to use his influence 
with the Contras to get the 
captives freed. 

Relics of empire, page 14 


Employers and unions assail Hawke 


From Stephen Taylor 
Sydney 


A call by Mr Bob Hawke, 
the Prime Minister, for Aus- 
tralians to work harder for less 
was attacked on all sides 
yesterday. 

While business leaders dis- 
missed the economic policy 
review outlined by Mr Hawke 
in bis televised address on 
Wednesday as rhetoric devoid 
of substance, trade union lead- 
ers — whose agreement with 


Mr Hawke’s Labor Govern- 
ment on prices and wages has 
been the cornerstone of the 
policy — warned that they 
would not accept' some of his 
new proposals. 

Mr John Howard, Leader of 
the Opposition, seized on the 
address as “the biggest fizzer 
since Halley’s Comet" and. 
having accused Mr Hawke of 
avoiding him in Parliament, 
challenged him to a television 
debate on the economy. 

Mr Simon Crean, president 




of the Australian- Council of 
Trade Unions, a post once 
held by Mr Hawke, warned 
bluntly that the unions would 
not accept further discounting 
of wage increases 

The main employers’ group, 
ihe CAL said that Mr Hawke 
had offered only generalities 
and promises when action was 
necessary. 

Press reaction was also uni- 
formly critical-The Financial 
Review said that the fireworks 
promised by Mr Hawke had 


amounted to no more than a 
damp squib. 

Wall Street was said to be 
awaiting the outcome of the 
annual premiers' conference 
today — at which state govern- 
ments will be consulted on 
measures to reduce spending 
— before passing judgment. 

There was some comfort for 
Mr Hawke in the latest statis- 
tics showing a further slight 
fall in unemployment, down 
to 7.S per cent from 8.2 per 
cent in May last year. 


If we suddenly took away 
fertilizeisjt could be the worst thing 

since sliced bread. 


Could a loaf of bread really cost so 
much more without fertilizers? 


You can imagine how that affects the price 
of a loaf of bread. 


Judge for yourself. . 

, . Fertilizers are a major contributor to 
Bri tain’ s ability to feed herself. 

Forty years ago we were forced to 
import a huge proportion of our food. And 
we had to pay for it. We could only manage 
to produce a mere half of what we needed. 

"today, thanks to fertilizers (and, of 
course, technological advances in other 
fields), farmers can produce virtually all 
the essential food we need This despite an 
increase of something like 8 million people 
to feed, and -despite losing thousands of 
acres of good farming land each year to 
houses, factories, airports and roads. 

The price of food 
would soar without them. 
Fertilizers do more than simply 
increase crop yields and livestock output; 
they reduce the cost of food production — 
by a dramatic 70% in the case of wheat 


If we had no fertilizers, the price of 
food to the consumer would automatically 
increase; a loaf of bread would cost consider- 
ably more than at present The efficient 
use of fertilizers by farmers has played a 
vital role in keeping all food prices down. 

Without them, food imports would 
rise considerably, with an unpleasant 
impact on our balance of payments. 
Agriculture's direct contribution to our 
gross domestic product — around £5.000 
million in 1985 — would drop, making 
matters even worse. 


normal cycle of plant nutrition required for 
healthy growth. They increase the fertility 
of the soil, as animal manure does. 


. But whereas manure can only deliver 
a haphazard range of nutrients, fertilizers 
can be tailored to suit specific plant types, 
and timed exactly to suit each stage of 
growth. All in all, the benefits of fertilizers 
to plants are an economic benefit to us all. 

What better reason for Britain’s 
farmers to make the most of them, and for 
ICI to take pride in being Britain’s leading 
fertilizer manufacturer. 


Of course, the current surpluses in 
production resulting from recent agricul- 
tural policy present a new challenge. But 
the farmin g industry has a proven record 
of successful adaptation to change. 

A natural food for plants. 

There’s no mystique to fertilizers. 
They’re natural chemicals, part of the 


\bu are invited to write to us for more 
information on the issues raised in this 
advertisement Contact Mrs .Norman at ICI 
Agricultural Division, PO Box l.Billingham, 
Cleveland TS23 1LB. 


FERTILIZERS 


Helping nature - and Britain - to grow. 


As a major supplier to agriculture, ICI Agricultural Division is running this scries of advertisements, designed to increase public axeareness both of the 
role (^fertilizers in modemjarnang and ofotherkey issues involved tn the produdtonofBritishjb^ Many qfthejiuds presetted hereimUbejamiliartotke 
Jimnmg community, but toe believe we have a responsibility to help keep the general publicjully informed on these major and complex issues. 


. foe 

that 
el in 


The Foreign Secretary, Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, last night 
acknowledged that there were 
“anxieties and uncertainties" 
in Hong Kong after the joint 
declaration by Britain and 
China under which the colony 
will be handed back to China 
in 1997. 

But he denied Britain had 
lost interest in the colony since 
the agreement was signed. He 
said the declaration did not 
provide all the answers or give 
the people of Hong Kong 
everything they might want 

“But it has created a strong 
diverse framework within 
which answers can be found to 
the problems of the future," be 
said. 

“Hong Kong people will be 
able to go an earning their 
living as they do now — by 
trade, hard work and enter- 
prise. They will continue to 
enjoy the same freedoms and 
civil rights. They can look 
forward to living in the same 
way and in the same sort of 
society as they do now." 

Sir Geoffrey praised the role 
of the Chinese Government in 
discussions to implement the 
agreement He said: ^They 
have shown vision and hnagi- 
nathm and are displaying good 
will in tackling the implemen- 
tation of the joint declaration." 

Leading article, page 15 


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12 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


SPECTRUM 


Phantom of 


MnCiiBulft 


AMERICA’S INVISIBLE’ AIRCRAFT] 




A ir Force men drop 
to the tarmac, face 
down, pointing 
away from the han- 
gar as a raucous 
klaxon echoes across the hot. 
dry lakebed. No one without 
clearance may look upon the 
best kept US military secret - 
a jet-black dumpy looking 
plane emerging through the 
hangar doors. The place is the 
remote Nellis Air Force Base 
in Nevada. The stubby black 
shape is an American spy 
plane being readied for anoth- 
er test flight. 

Half an hour later, Ameri- 
can radar men defending a 
mock Soviet target strain over 
their screens for an attacking 
aircraft. Occasionally, tiny 
traces appear, no more than 
echoes from a bird, but they 
are lost in the radar noise. 
Then comes the news: they 
have been overflown, unde- 
tected, by the aircraft 


the skies 


Wings fold for 
transport 


spyplane; 


ISmoqthi 
; underside] 


[Weapons and! 9 
$ camera bays? 


LOCKHEED 

SPYPLANE 


So secret that a 
new Pentagon 
classification had 
to be invented for 
it, the American 
Stealth bomber is 
at the centre of a 
political row in 
Washington. 
Keith Hindley 
pieces together 
the story 


been the point when the 
Americans decided it was time 
to build a radar-invisible aero- 
plane. Much work had already 
been done. German scientists 
used techniques in World War 
Two to protect a submarine's 
“snorkel” or breathing tube 
from radar detection. Alter the 
war, engineers found that 
certain aircraft shapes and 
equipment gave particularly 
strong radar echoes. 


This plane is so important 
that a new classification, 
"Royal Secret”, way above 
"Top Secret", was invented to 
protect it - but not from the 
toy manufacturer in Illinois 

who has caused a furore by 
producing a plastic model kit 
claiming to be the Stealth 
bomber, though the Pentagon 
says any similarities are “coin- 
cidental or guesswork”. 

The “toy trauma” has 
served to raise anew the issues 
— political, military and eco- 
nomic — surrounding a project 


so secret that until recently it 
did not exist officially; only a 
handful of adm inistrators and 
engineers were in the know. 

Affectionately known as 
“Harvey” after the six-foot 
invisible rabbit that haunted 
James Stewart in the film of 
the same name, the first 
aircraft flew as long ago as 
1975. A full squadron has been 
operating as spy planes for 
more than two years. The 
success of the work can be 
gauged by supremo Robert S. 
Cooper’s recent comments to 
a House sub-committee. 

“These techniques are the 
most revolutionary aeronau- 


tics technology since the in- 
vention of the jet engine and 
the swept wing. It includes 
reducing radar, infrared, 
sound, visual and other ob- 
servable characteristics. Cou- 
pled with electronic warfare 
and medium and long range 
weapons, it provides a highly 
lethal system able to survive 
any threatening environment 
It allows one to shoot at an 
opponent from the dark with- 
out being seen.” Cooper is the 
head of the Defense Advanced 
Research Projects Agency. 
DARPA, a CIA-run and pro- 
tected or ganiza tion that han- 
dles research too secret for 
NASA. 


Research includes the shape 
of an aircraft, the materials 
from which it is built and the 
electronic jamming equip- 
ment it carries. Many of the 
techniques are not new but 
their importance became dear 
after war in the air went 
electronic in the late 1960s. In 
October 1973, Soviet SAM 
anti-aircraft missiles efficient- 
ly destroyed more than 40 
American-built fighter aircraft 
equipped with the latest 
American jamming devices 
during the Arab-Isreali war. 


That experience may have 


f TIMES 1 


SATURDAY 


£12,000 to be won 



Punk prince The best of 

of dance British 

Michael Gark, Designers who 

dance dynamo lead the world 


Jumbo crossword: answers and winners 


Can you always get your copy of The Times? 


Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy of The Times 


NAME. 


ADDRESS. 


CONCISE CROSSWORD NO 975 




ACROSS 
1 Bovine animals (6) 

5 Chinese skiff (6) 

8 Play pan (3) 

9 Old chicken (6) 

10 Call into question (6) 

11 Remain (4) 

12 Wonderful (81 
14 Residential area (G) 
17 Late morning meal 

16) 

19 Ballet glide (S) 

22 Bind of prey (4) 

24 German vowd sign 
( 6 ) 

25 Singinplainsotig(6) 

26 Butcher's selection 
(3) 

27 Dry vermouth (6) 


QQBBaa QJBUBBB 
B B B B 
uJBB-JBJBB JBJB 


28 Shipotw chant 


DOWN 

2 Astir (S) 

3 Hunting cry (5 J) 

4 Made of baked day 
<7) 

5 Mouiblikc part (5) 


6 Syrup tree (5) 

7 Spiritually beautiful 

(7) 

13 TV recorder (!.}.!) 
IS Perspex compound 
(7) 


16 Has been (3) 

17 Shortness (7) 

18 Let loose (7) 

20 Liquid mark (5) 

21 8lhleuer(5) 

23 Windlass (5) 


SOLUTION TO NO 974 

ACROSS; 8 Adventuresome 9 Raw 10 Redundant II Molar 13 
Athlete 16 Plunder 19 Nomad 22 Embolisms 24 Van 25 Blandish- 
ments 

DOWN: I Sacrum. 2 Avowal 3 Infra Red 4 Tundra 5 Seen (Dot- 
age 7 Mettle 12 Oil 14Handsame 15TWA 16Pkl*y 17Up 
beat 18 Resist 20 Moving 21 Dynast 23 Lido 


THE TIMES 


CLASSIFIED 


; BOMBER: 


* Twin-engines 

deeply hidden 




‘Recessed air intake 


‘Radar-absorbent 

coating 


^Gold-plated cockpit cover 




(Weapons and! 
& camera bay S 


■ Electronic countermeasure 
equipment 


sunderskfei 


Sharp edges, spurning tur- 
bine blades, engine pods and 
large tailfins all reflected 
strongly while rounded, delta 
wing aircraft like the RAPs 
Avto Vulcan bomber were 
difficult to detect. The Ameri- 
cans were greatly impressed 
when a Vulcan penetrated the 
US air defence radar network 
undetected during a Nato 
exceredse. 


NORTHROP! 
§ BOMBER! 




Direcfonaljets 

to control aircraft 


'£*• Advanced d? -;V 




: Smooth, rounded: 

wing coated in 
% radar-absorbing . § 




Air intakes 
to chill 
exhaust 




Four engines 

deeply hWdan 






This knowledge was built 
into the U-2 and SR-71 Black- 
bird spy planes (which were 
therefore the first such 
“aircraft”) and the Tomahawk 
and air-launched cruise 
missiles. 


T he Boeing, Gru- 
mman. Lockheed, 
Northrop, Rockwell 
and Vought corpora- 
tions all continued 
research and began to fly half- 
sized remotely piloted planes. 
A few technical papers even 
appeared in print. After the 
1973 debacle in the Middle 
East, it was decided to build 
several full-size experimental 
planes, designated XST. 
Lockheed led the way and in 
August 1977 their engineers 
concluded that a radar invisi- 
ble aircraft was possible. 


The Pentagon acted quick- 
ly. The research budget was 
increased tenfold overnight as. 
a DARPA project under the 
code-name “Have Blue”. The 
work was classified “Royal 
Secret” and. the CIA even 
retrospectively classified re- 
ports already published and 
tried to plug early leaks of 
information. The project 
moved to a remote, CIA-run 


secret airfield known as the 
“Ranch” at Groom Lake near 
Indian Springs Air Force Base, 
about 30 miles northwest of 
Las Vegas, Nevada, and dose 
to the t bombing ranges at 
Nellis Air Force base. 

These ranges allowed the. 
rapid development of ideas 
and in open competition a 
Lockheed design by the flam- 
boyant Clarence “Kelly” 
Johnson came out streets 
ahead of the others. It had 
flown undetected through aU 
the Nellis targets. 

Security was intensified and 
an operational design was 
developed for a reconnais- 
sance-fighter, based on a 
Lockheed demonstrator. This 
was designated the F-19- Auro- 
ra or CSIRS (Covert Surviv- 
able In-weather Reconn- 
aissance Strike) aircrafL 

About 20 aircraft a year are 
being built and the first secret 
F-19 squadron was formed in 
early 1984. The F-19s can be 
flown to any US or NATO 
base unseen — inside a C-5 
cargo jet From there they can 
leave at night and in bad 
weather, if possible, on recon- 
naissance nights over targets 
too sensitive to risk the loss of 
the more vulnerable U-2 and 


n 


Recessed 
/^X'air intakes 


THE PRICE WAR 


Four-man 

cockpit 


SR-71 Blackbird spy planes. 
They may well now operate 
occasionally from the RAF 
base at Mildenhall in Suffolk, 
which is used by the American 
Air Force. The F-19 operates 
between two bases to cross a 
specific target — the plane 
would never take off and then 
retrace its path to the same 
airfield. 


cancelled With the success on 
the Nellis ranges, the Penta- 
gon decided to hedge its bets. 
It chose to build 100 improved 
B-lBs while a new bomber was 
being developed for the 1990s. 


With the first reconnais- 
sance aircraft flying, designers 
turned their attention to a 
desperate Pentagon need —for 
a bomber to replace the ageing 
B-5Z Several expensive de- 
signs developed m the 1960s 
and 70s became obsolete at 
once thanks either to new 
Soviet fighters, missiles or 
advanced radars. Even the B-l 
swing-wing bomber was so 
easily detectable that it was- 


Surprisingly, more informa- 
tion’ is available about this 
new bomber than the F-19 spy 
plane. It consists of a flying, 
delta wing with no fuselage or 
fins and was designed by the 
‘Northrop corporation in tan- 
dem with Boeing and 
Vought Delta wings always 
show the lowest radar echo 
and Northrop engineers had 
worked on two flying wings in 
the late 1940s. 

They are also expert in the 
use of composite plastic mate- 
rials and designers of the latest 
boxes of electronic counter- 
measures. Hie original con- 


tract to build a prototype 
plane was for $7 Jlufikm (£4.7 
billion) and it should fly by the 
end of next year. 

The plane probably Iras a 
wingspan of abont- 17S feet 
and weighs in at 180 tonnes. It 
is powered by four General 
Electric F101 engines, used in 
thefr low temperature modb to . 
reduce the aircraft's heat 
signature: 

The engines are buried 
deeply within a thick whig, fed 
by curved intakes and with 
Venetian blind exhausts sup- 
plying directed jets to help 
control the aircraft There 
may be no conventional con- 
trol surfaces on the plane at all 
— thereby removing another 
source of radar echoes. 

The whole delta outline is 
smooth and even the cockpit 
consists of small windows 
barely rising above the wing’s 
upper surface. The pilot may 
use a television camera on the 
landing gear to land. 


The Stealth bomber is at 
the centre of a major political 
and financial row in 
Washington. Its opponents 
are pressing for more 
details to justify a cost of 
nearly S300 m3B©n for 

each of DO planes. 

To have these planes 
operational by 1991 with a 
prototype only flying in 
1987 mast be very tight 
tinting. The plane is 
dearly a considerable risk bat 
the Pentagon befieve it is 

worth taking. If ft works it 
wfllrfve America an edge 
in miitery aviation that coaid 
last a decade; if it does not 
work or if the Soviets quickly 
devdop effective cotnxter- 
measures ft will prove a S50 
bfflion flop, the Mggest 


history 7Mr Caspar 
Weinberger, the Defence 


QTtaM Nnopapn LM.19W 


recently that to v«dBctl32 - 
radar-evading planes 
would cost S36j6Jbafioo or 
$277 million for each one. . 
The cost of the model Stealth, 

meanwhile, is just ever $9 
(£5.80). 


England’s 
era of glory 
in Mexico 


f mMmm v:; 


So England are through and Scotland’s fate 
will be decided tonight But $5 years ago the 
Scottish supporters were crying “We wuz 
robbed” when England won the first football 
match ever to be organized in Mexico 



.Mexican League referees for 
the next 3) years, long after 
Mexicans themselves frarf tak- 
en over the local game. 

The Mexican Amateur As- 
- soriation Football League was 
founded in 1902. It was a very 
British afiair; with tire excep- 
tion of two Mexicans — one of 
whom was educated at 
Stoueyhurst public schooL 

Otherwise, all the players in 
the five teams which made up 
the league until 1910 were 
British expatriates who had 
made their fortunes in mining 
and insurance: 


. Jfai pi#Ȥi& m * $i 

Wss* ;> MM 


T he World Cup had not 
even been thought of 
Target men confined 


JL Target men confined 
themselves to crime fiction. 
Sweepers roamed the streets, 
not the football fields. But for 
a glorious decade, from 1901 
to 1910, England were 
Mexico's undisputed “inter- 
national champions^. 

In December of 1901, a 
team of English expatriates 


played a team of Scots, the 
first organized football match 
in Mexican history. The fix- 
ture was to be repeated once a 
year for the next nine years, 
England winning every time 
to secure whal became known, 
a little grandiosely, as the 
International Cup. 

The English-language news- 
paper of the time, the Mexican 
Herald , records that the inau- 
gural match, held in the 
decorous surroundings of the 


Reforma Cricket Club, was an 
unusually acrimonious afiair. 

“Englishmen won accord- 
ing to the referee but a protest 
was registered” read the head- 
line. Clearly written fry a 
Scottish sympathizer, tire arti- 
cle is less a description of the 
punch tfy>n a character 
assasination of the referee, on 
whose shoulders, we are made 
well aware, lay the blame fra 
the 3-2 defeat handed out to 
“the Caledonians" by “the 
Sons of Albion". 


^ ^ 



Mipli 




“The referee was evidently 
at sea as to the rules and more 
than one ofhis decisions had a 
very doubtful look”, wrote the 
embittered correspondent 


Victorious sqnad: England, the International Cap winning team of 1905 


Order, however, was appar- 
ently restored after the game 
when “the ladies of the 
Reforma Club gracefully 
handed round cups of tea to 


the weary players”. 

The Reforma Cub still 
exists and, keeping up the old 
Connection, an Fw flfainrl team 
which came to Mexico last 
year did their training on the 
dub grounds. 

The pitch for that first game 


had been. sown with English 
seed, the ball - meeting 
Football Association regula- 
tions — hadbeen shipped over 1 
from England. 

The blazer worn by the 
controversial referee appears 
to have been borrowed from 


the youngest of the En gland 
players, Robert Blackmore, 
who wore it at his public 
. school in North Wales. 

The same blazer, with the 
same breast pocket public 
school insignia, was to become 
pan of the official kit worn by 


T he first dub of all to 
have been founded, by a 
matter of weeks appar- 
ently, was the Pachuca Athlet- 
ic Club. It still exists. The 
players are all Mexicans now 
but the fens are keen to 
maintain the English connec- 
tion. Pachuca lost a crucial 
home match two weeks ago, 
putting paid to their chances 
of promotion to the First 
Division. 

After the game the local fens 
rioted. Scores were, injured 
and at least three police cars 
were overturned and set on 
fire.. Things were different in 
1903. After Pachuca lost 5-1 to 
Reforma, the winners offered 
a lavish banquet at a Mexico 
CityhoteL 

“After sapping their hunger 
and thirst,” the Mexican Her- 
ald records, “the visitors and 
entertainers repaired to the 
quarters of the British Club 
where a jolly smoker saw the 
day out and the next day in.” 


John Carlin 

GTknMNM Wm ud,iaiB 


Zambezi mission of mercy 


A British doctor leaves today 
for Africa and a 600-mile 
canoe expedition down the 
Zambezi River to raise money 
for medical help for a young 
girl mauled and crippled by a 
lion. 


01-4814000 


Dr Tim Evans, aged 31, an 
anaesth e tist at a feuspital in 
Cheltenham, wifi make the 
trip down the crocodile and 
hippo-infested river with the 
aim of raising £20,000 from 
sponsorships for Briar Ste- 
vens, aged six, whose spinal 
corf was severed three years 
ago in the attack by a Jion and 
who is now confined to a 
wheelchair. 

Dr Evans worked hi Zimba- 
bwe as a doctor in the la ke 
Kariba area and helped 
; Briar's father, John Stevens, a 
game warden and Iranter, to 
set np a safari camp In the 
Mana Poo! National Park on 
the hanks of the Zambezi. 
“From a very early age Briar 
was used to wild animals. She 
was 1 never afraid of the sound 
of lhm or hy ena. Site was a real 
bosh baby because she spent 


so modi of her time in the 
bush,” he saitL 

In August 1983 Briar ran 
out to greet her father as he 
returned from an early morn- 
ing safari walk. A young lion 
appeared from the bush, 
grabbed her by the neck and 
severed her spuml cord. 

A small aircraft made an 


Paddle will pay 
for medical help 


emergency flight with her 300 
miles to a hospital in Harare. 
Within three boors of the 
accident surgeons were operat- 
ing on her. One lung was 
ptmctmred and the other had 
collapsed, but her fife was 
saved even though she could 
have died on at least three 
occasions after the accident, 
said Dr Evans. 

Two visits to Stoke Maude- 
vDle Hospital in Buckingham- 
shire, Endand, ronffamed that 
Briar would be paralysed from 
the chest down. “The trouble 
now is that she is still growing 


and unless she can have the 
special equipment needed to 
support her spine she win 
develop other severe handi- 
caps. She is a very fine, high- 
spiritei and positive gni. 
Despite all her problems she 
has a terrific sense erf 
humour," 

The expedition will be the 
first down the fnB stretch of 
the river between Botswana 
and the border with Mozam- 
bique. Dr Evans wifi have 
three partners along the way, 
among them Briar's father. 

The journey wfll be nude in 
a Canadian canoe and take 
them from the wild rapid 
waterfalls around Victoria 
Falls to the more sfoggufc 
sections of river which is 
Infested with danger®® wfld- 
fif& Dr Evans admitted he was 
not an experienced canoeist 
hot the quality of the cause 
would keep him going, he said. 


Ronald Faux 

The Briar Stevens That Fund is 
at JO. The Drive. Wimbledon. 
London SW208TG. 


PUBLIC NOTICE 


Major 


DISPOSAL AUCTION 


of several hundred exceptionally 
fine and medium quality, handmade 


PERSIAN CARPETS 


rugs and runners... 

and others from the more important weaving centres of the East Included are many 
antiques, sBa, tefims, nomadka and brer iflasuahtens. not gemragy m be y 


found on -the home marts. .■ 

inierohandise is the property of a number of principle dired importers m the UK ■ 
which has been cleared from HJA Customs & Excise bond, to be f far K w ed of at mminfii 
no reserve for immedfaie cash reaSsatioh/^^ or 

Bray item guaranteed authentic: Expert, advice available at tine of viewing, 
to be transferred from bonded warehouses and ottered at fee: 


HILTON INTERNATIONAL HOTEL KENSINGTON 
HOLLAND PARK AVENUE, LONDON W11 1 

ON SUNDAY,15th JUNE at 3pm. ’ 

Viewing from .noon same &iy. . _ . 

Payment cash, cheque or all major credit cards. 


AucHOOMra: A 


in 





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* 







THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


13 


ad — 


FRIDAY PAGE 




Many of Britain’s 


in the class changes 


John Um/FMarTcimnor 


schools are 


switching to a 


' Continental day. 

* . » ■* 

\ | Lucy Hodges 


looks at the 


reaction of 


teachers, pupils 
and parents 


~ -4^ 

: m 

— - ““'5, 




u.'- 






‘‘I 

V ^ 


•j: 




. *5? 



• ».*»;■** 
.V2: 


A revolution is begin- 
ning to take place in 
school timetables 
up and down the 
country. The school 
day. until now an immovable . 
fixture, starting at, say 8.40am : 
and ending at 3.30pm, is being 
compressed into a shorter 
space of time by headteachers 
faced with staff who have- 
refused to undertake lunch- 
time supervision. 

Called variously the 
“ContinentaP, the com- 
pressed or the shortened day , 
the new schedule is being 
adopted by increasing num- 
bers of schools. Some are 
using radical surgery andopt- 
ing for an 8.30am to 2J5pm 
day, others are chopping their 
lunch hour in half to enable 
children lo go home at 3pm. 
No one knows how many are 
doing h but the trend is dear 
and most parents, teachers 
and children like the change. 

At Bentley Wood School for 
gnls in Middlesex, classes now 
start soon after 8.40am and 
end at 3pm, half an hour 
earlier than previously. Mrs- 
Jill Mensem, who has a 14- 
year-old daughter at the 
school, supports the change. 
She says h will mean bet- 
daughter can travel home in 
daylight m winter and have 
longer in the evening for. 
humework and sports 
activities. 

The head, Mrs June Lumb, 
introduced the compressed 
day as a direct result of the 
teachers’ pay dispute- Because 
her staff were refiishra to 
supervise the 720 girls at 
lunchtime; the job /ell to her . 
and her two deputies. It: was 
an impossible task. - . . - 

“I .had to write and tell * 
parents that I could not take 
responsibility for what then- 
daughters did at luncht ime”, 
she said, in tbe paSTBentfey" 
Wood girts were forbidden to 
leave die schooT groUnds^al- 
lunchtime. Tbe- pay dispute 



There will be two commute 
breaks in both of which a hot 
lunch -will be served. Approval 
for the reform was given this 
week by Mr Richard Clark, 
county education officer for 
Hampshire- (A ballot of par- 
ents showed 75 per cent ra 
favour). 

Others are simply trimming 
their day by compressing the 
lunchbreak along the lines of 
Bentley Wood. Most of the 
schools introducing reform 
are thought to be secondary 
schools, but a primary school 
in Cheshire has also taken the 
plunge. It is Park School, 
Runcorn, run by Mr David 
Ogg who has chopped the day 
by up to 45 minutes. 

Although the pay dispute 
was the main trigger. Mr Ogg 
was also responding to com- 
plaints from parents who said 
the lunch break was too long, 
that their children disliked 
being out of doors for as long 
as I hour and 1 5 minutes in all 
weathers and that they came 
home dirty. 


M 


For ani against: Left, June Limb, head erf Bentley Wood School, who has introduced the “compressed day”; and Christine 
Nartfcam, with ho- sons Charles and Thomas. She feels it will affect extra-curricular activities 


of rapes in Stanmore and girls’ 
schools tend id attract -lonely 
men in white mackintoshes. 
The idea of shortening; the 
lunch break to. prevent girts 
going astray came from.- the 
parent/teacher associated and 
was seized upon- by Mrs 
Lamb. Parents were consult- 
ed: four wrote in to express 
their opposition and the same 
number were in favour. - 
So last summer the change 
■was brought m as a temporary 
measure. The-'initial new pat- 
tern oftwoshort breaks in the 
day did not work and left the 
staff jet-jagged. Something 
more". like ...the; traditional 


stead of attending assembly, 
which, now takes place at 
11.25am at the end of moifr 
ing lessons. Then there is -a 
half-hour lunch break from 
il.4Sam to 12.15pm and af- 
ternoon lessons follow , 

Mrs Lumb says the change 
has brought important educa- 
tional benefits. “Starting work 
first thing in the morning sets 
a good workmanlike atmo- 
sphere to the day, and we feel 
that the quality of lessons has 
improved’*, she said. 

When the final rumblings of 
the teachers* pay dispute are 
over and staff resume out-of- 
school dubs and sports, Mrs 


atmosphere for these activities 
should be much better because 
those not interested will have 
gone home, and those who 
want dubs will have their 
choice of any room in the 
school” 


Ni 


school day was rantfbduced. . .Lumb; is confident that such 
: Now ch3dfcn stan worS at; activities wiD take place after 
-8.40am after registration,, in- school in the afternoon. “The 


CONTINENTAL SCHOOL TIMETABLES 


meant They were rosining the. 

X>urh 


i 


neighbourhood unsupervised 
and going off in -cars witir 
boyfriends. 

"We had to allow them to. 
do as they pleased, which 
meant they could wander off 
the 27-acre site”, said Mrs 
Lumb. **I was getting increas- * 
ingly worried because of the 
temptations that were in their 
way : and the dangers they 
could gel into.” 

There have been a number 


Some European countries operate what is known as 
t6e shorter ^Contin^itaLl” school day. whereby popils. 
start at 8am or even 730am, and finish at 2pm, giving 
childreii the afternoon off, enabling them to study at 
home. ? -L. . 

. : . Denmark, jWwt Germany, and Italy foUowtfciis 
pattern, hot French schools tend to start at 830am, 
break for lunch break between 1130am to 130pm and 
dose at 430pm. Within this pattern there is 
considerable variation. 

In Denmark schools are Open from 8am to 2pm; in 
West Germany pupils generally attend .classes 
between 730am to 130pm or 8ara to 2pm; and in Italy 
children have-lessons from Sam to 2pm. or 830am to 
.230pm, without a lunch break. 


ot everyone is 
keen on a short- 
ened day. At 
Brighton Hill 
School in 
Basingstoke, Hampshire, a 
proposal by the headteacher to 
introduce a Continental” day 
was rejected by staff The idea 
was for the school to begin at 
8.30am and -to finish, at 2pm 
with one 25-minute break. 

' Parents, were unemhusias- 
tic. Mrs -.Christine Nortbam, 
who has an 1 1-year-old sop at 
the school, said it would mean 
children missing out on lunch- 
time clubs. "Arid what hap- 
pens to those with working 
mothers who are not at home 
to check that they do their 
homework?”, she asked. Blit 
.the most important argument 
against the rescheduled day, 
she said, was that it was being 
introduced into schools with- 
out any research into its 
educational benefits. 

"It’s pure chance if it works 
well because it has not been 
proved that it is better for 
children. I think it will make 
the difference between* what 
independent schools and state 
schools can provide even 


greater. At independent 
schools, children have a full 
school day with games and 
dubs. But. in state schools, 
where teachers are not pre- 
pared lo go back to running 
dubs, and there is not much 
lunch break, all children will 
get is the tore bones of 
education, and this widens the 
gap." 

No clear pattern has yet 
emerged of a compressed 
school day. Some schools, 
thought to be a minority of 
those wanting change, such as 
Robert May’s in Odiham, 
Hampshire, will be introduc- 
ing a- “Continental" day of 
moming-on.ty education, be- 
ginning at 8.30am and finish- 
ing at 2.15pm this September. 


ost parents like 
the shortened 
day, he said. 
“They can give 
their children tea 
early or take them out shop- 
ping. At school the children 
are much better behaved in 
the afternoon after a shorter 
lunch break, and the juniors 
can get down to work.” 

The Department of Educa- 
tion and Science has no plans 
yet to collect information or 
commission research on the 
issue, but the National Associ- 
ation of Head Teachers has 
received so many inquiries 
from members that it has set 
up a working party. 

Hampshire has also estab- 
lished a working group to look 
at acceptable conditions for 
reforming the school day, 
particularly as it feels the 
money allocated for school 
meals supervision by the Gov- 
ernment is inadequate. About 
five out of 100 schools in the 
country are thought to have 
rescheduled the school day. 
“It began as an expedient and 
bas now become an 
experiment", said Mr Clark, 
of Hampshire. 

Both working party reports 
should be pioneering docu- 
ments. providing some facts 
and policy guidance in these 
uncharted waters. 


Why fathers can 
do without a day 

6 


It is do coincidence 
that the game of Trivial 
Pursuit is such a suc- 
cess. The instinct to 
waste time is a rich 
vein to he mined by those in 
search of commercial success. 
One of the nuggets inescap- 
ably enshrined in public con- 
sciousness is the feast day we 
are working up to now at fever 
pitch — Father’s Day. 

I know that I am risking 
obloquy by questioning an 
institution. Nevertheless I 
have informed those of my 
family prepared to allow 
themselves to be hoodwinked 
by the propaganda involved in 
this exercise to forget h this 
Sunday. 

This was not a popular 
decision. It created confusion 
and a certain amount of 
resentment The younger 
ones in particular felt that I 
was depriving them of tire 
chance to become deeply in- 
volved in current social pro- 
cesses. No matter. My 
instructions are dear. No 
cards, no presents. Any such 
sent to me will be returned. I 
have more than one reason for 
being set against this 
imposition. 


FIRST 

PERSON 


Joseph Kelly 


the gift component of Father’s 
Day bas been that the gifts 
laid lovingly before me have 
served only to cater for previ- 
ously unfelt needs and take up 
valuable space. I have begged 
my children in the post to cut 
out the middle man and let 
their intended gift lie on the 
shop shelf rather than be 
transferred to my shelf. This 
year is no exception. 

You may th in k *ha> my 
reaction to what is generally 
assumed to be a pretty bland 
exercise is a little extreme. 
Perhaps you are correct Look 
at it this way though. By 
haring a specific day, Fathers 
are being pinned down and 
slotted into recognizable pi- 
geon holes. From there, gen- 
eralizations are made that I 
cannot apply to myself. 

Good old Dad sitting by the 
fireplace sipping his whisky. 
Poor old Dad, unfit to take 


I referred to Father's Day 
as a feast. It sorely is a feast 
of consumerism, pressuring 
children to buy, buy, buy, 
using the pocket money given 
them by their fathers. Take 
the matter of cards. Leave 
aside the fact that they are 
probably the most profitable 
merchandise in existence 
square inch for square inch. 
They take np two stances for 
Father's Day. Either they 
contain sticky and sickly 
sentiments that if voiced in 
public by child to father 
would have father leaping in 
direction of child with either a 
thermometer or a s traitjacket; 
or they adopt a matey, slight- 
ly numchy approach that 
would have father leaping 
towards child with poker in 
hand. My family have been 
well warned what to expect if 
I bear as much as a rustle of 
card slipping into envelope. 

Consider presents. I resent 
the concept of fatherhood 
being exploited to create an 
upsurge in turnover of 
aftershave, socks, china mugs 
in the shape of public person- 
alities, and bleepers for 
keyrings. My experience of 



part in Father's Race at 
Sports Day. Dad old 
sprozzer, ever ready to hand 
out the car keys. Dad the 
slightly absurd figure of fun. 
My self-perception is differ- 
ent from anything that is 
currently being churned out of 
any admans's overheated 
processor. 

A parting thought for yon 
Fathers as yon settle down to 
the humiliation of accepting 
finely tooled credit card cases 
or damascened shoe trees. Do 
yon know that among 
the “Days” iu store for 
ns could be Ground 
Hog Day? How’s that 
for a slot? 


9 




New-born babies wet then- 
nappies 20 times m 24 houis; 
at the age of a year, theft- 
parents are still having to cope 
with seven wet nappies a day. " 
For the majority of parents, 
nappy rash is & more impor- 
tant problem than the rarer 
paediatric conditions which 
receive more publicity. 


( MEDICAL BRIEFTNG 


Eye-catching 

transplants 


Dr David Atherton of Great 
Ormond Street ' Children's 
Hospital, writing in Mims 
magazine, explains that not all 
skin troubles in the nappy area 
.• are due to napkin dermatitis. 
The majority are due to one of 
four causes: ample contact 
, dermatitis; atopic eczema, - 
r / seborrhodc dermatitis and 
.“. napkin psoriasis. Although the 
‘ differential diagnosis between 
them is difficult, the treatment 
' and prevention is the same. 

Babies vary in their ahility 
to withstand prolonged wet- 
. ling but- to prevent a rash in 
: any child with a sensitive skin, 
the nappy should ideally be 
checked every hour during the 
- day. Quality disposable nap- 
pies are as good as washable 
• ones. Contrary to wbat the 
old-fashioned nanny would 
. have taught, the rashes are less 
: common if the nappy is 
machine, rather than hand 
washed: “biological" deter- 
gents should be avoided, ahd • 
. the nappies should be tumble 
rather than air dried. A nappy- 
free hour or two a day- is also 
helpful to babies. 


as thk organism is frequently 
the cause of secondary 
infection. . 

As.well as the four common 
causes of-nappy rash, doctors 
ha veto be oa the look-out for 
'two other, conditions which 
mimic it: zinc deficiency 
which, if hot diagnosed and 
treated, . undermines the 
child’s immunity system, and 
the very rare bystiocytosis- JC 
(Letterer-Siwe disease). 


that the new' drug, 
aUrendSirinei still awaithig ap- 
proval in the UK, wffl be 
particularly useful for the 
elderly hypertensive, a group 
- of patients whose treatment is 
often neglected. Cakhnn an- 
tagonists ' are vasodilators. 
This dilating enables the coro- 
nary arteries to improve the - 
blood supply to the heart, 



The drama 
in which the 
near-blind 
search for 
dropped con- 
m tact lenses may 
soon be merely 


New drugs to 
ease angina 



AH the . evi- 
dence is that 
cakftim antag- 
onists will soon 
become a group 
of drugs as~ 
weH-knowv .to 


the layman as antibiotics or 
beta blockers. So it is oa]y fe- 
mstter of time before the 
knowledgeable disross there}- . 
stive ability of - nifedftihie 
(Adalat), nitrendipine : or 
nicardipine to affect their an-. 
pa, or the share prices, of 
Bayer and Syntax. 

C-alciimi antagonists have 
already been shown to have a 
valuable role in treating angi- 
na and hypertension. It seems 


Nicardipine has a sunSar 
action on the arteries to the 
brain,' This .• has prompted 
-Japanese doctors to test it on 
the comparatively small group 
of elderly patients whose loss 
of intellect is due to a poor 
cerebral blood snpply. Anoth- 
er dreg, nicardipine, is under- 
going trials with sufferers 
from epilepsy and migraine. 

Both nifedipine and 
nicardipine lave been success- 
fully ased to treat Raynaud'S 
phenomena and the painful 
arterial spasm induced in the 
fingers by cold or emotion, 
which renders them in se- 
quence white, bine and finally 
red. 

One unexpected use of calci- 
um antagonists is in the 
treatment of continnous hfes 
aqdBg they can sometimes 
stop the hiccups by relaxing 


a memory for the thousands of 
patients who can now only 
achieve reasonable vision 
with pebble-thick spectacles, 
or contact lenses. Their eye 
defects may be able to be 
corrected by having a natural 
donor cornea grafted on to 
their own eyes. Refractory 
errors, of vision are due to the 
fruity shape of the cornea and 
the graft restores the correct 
outline. 

Hospital Doctor reports on 
the latest operation, intro- 
duced into this country from 
America by Dr Chad Rostron 
of Leicester Royal Infrnfiary. 
The new operation, called 
epikeratoplakia. consists of 
the preparation of the host 
cornea, including the cutting 
of a groove around its edge 
into which the donor graft can 
be slotted before being sutured 
into place witb 20 stitches. 
The two corneas start to 
integrate in days and within a 
year the nerves have regrown 
into the new cornea so that 
sensitivity is restored. 


At each nappy change the 
skin should be washed and 
carefully dried before applying 
a water-repellent emollient. 
.- Dr Albert on recommends that 
r babies should be bathed twice 
a day, with an oil such as 
Alpha Keri or Balneum added 
to the water and Uhguentum 
Merck used for washingasifit 
- were soap. 

Ointments and creams are 
useful to treat a rash. Oint- 
ments are rather more satis- 
factory as they are. water- 
repellent, but not all -the 
favoured remedies are made 
up in this way. The mixture 
usually contains hydrocorti- 
sone. and an anti-thrush agent 


A piece that touched a nerve 


3. 


My Medical Briefing piece 
on Bell's palsy produced at- 


on baldness, but on this occa- 
sion from doctors, rather than 
patients. The course of the 
facial nme. its action and the 
troubles which befall it in Beil’s 
palsy wvni ail correctly, de- 
scribed. but unfortunately I 
designated it asthefifihrdther 
than the seventh cranial, nerve. 
Many, of my medical 
colleagues’ comments :were 
highly entertaining, even if 
some of the mnemonics -they 
recounted fto help Ike forgetful , 
to remember. the coirea.orfkr 


(f the cranial nerves) would 
not make pleasant breakfasl- 
. time reading. 

■ Readers who wrote about 
.baldness will he pleased to 
leant that Upjohns hope to 
, make Regainc available next 
year. This is the topical 2 two 
per cent minoxidil lotion 
which- has shown promise in 
stimulating hair growth in 
American men. If seems par- 
. tkularly effective for younger 
men with . thinning hair if 


applied regularly twice a day, 
■ “ ' 'the 


bitf not quite so effective for . . 
older man with large ' bald 
patches. 


The 

usually free of complication, 
and tissue rejection does not 
occur as there are no living 
cells in the graft. Even if the 
graft becomes infected it can 
be removed, and the host 
cornea then regrows. 

The operation is likely to be 
of special value to the very 
short or long-sighted patient 
including games players and 
industrial workers whose eye- 
sight is inadequate for their 
job. but who cannot wear 
contact lenses or spectacles, ft 
is cheaper than a hip replace- 
ment and the benefit to a 
patient is as great.' 



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the times 

DIARY 


Owen’s new 


party 


How does David Owen intend to 
heal the rift with the Liberals over 
a replacement for Polaris? With 
the ideal emollient, I can now 
reveal: the setting up of a joint 
working party to examine all 
possible options. David Steel has 
already hinted in public that he 
might be prepared to go along with 
just such a move. At his joint press 
conference with Owen on Wed- 
nesday night he accepted that the 
parties could not go into an 
election campaign without spe- 
cific answers to questions about 
Polans and its replacement What 
remains to be seen is whether be 
can steer the idea of a working 
party past his unilateralist wing. 
Among the tasks that would need 
undertaking, of course, would be 
an examination of the technical 
and financial possibilities of 
Owen's own pet scheme: a sea- , 
based cruise missile to keep 
Bmian nuclear. I 


Sexaminers 


The Education Secretary has more 
to worry about than I thought 
(Diary yesterday). The Oxford and 
Cambridge Examination Board 
turns out to be only one of five 
boards with responsibility for the 
new GCSE Religious Studies sylla- 
bus (Midlands Examining Group), 
which invites pupils to write 
essays on personal experience 
options, including homosexuality 
and fornication. Parents should 
also blame the University of 
Cambridge Local Examination 
Syndicate, the East and West 
Midlands Regional Examination 
Boards and the Southern Univer- 
sities Joint Board. 


Abstentions 


Picture the embarrassment of 
German MEP Hans-Gerd Teo ti- 
ering when he realized that his 
lunch guests, a group of Afghan 
Islamic freedom fighters, were 
being served with pork. Apologiz- 
ing profusely, he rushed to the 
Strasbourg kitchens to demand an 
explanation, to be assured that the 
offending dish was not pork, but 
veal. Deeply suspicious, the Af- 
ghans pushed their meat to one 
side. Since they are also teetotal ; 
they will have* achieved the rare 
distinction of turning up their 
noses at Eurocrat hospitality. 


Motion denied 


Embarrassment for Britain's road 
supremo Peter Bottomley, who 
found himself holding up a con- 
voy of vintage double-decker, 
buses on a stretch of virgin 
motorway. The transport minister 
had been called on to drive a 25- 
year-old open-top bus through the 
ceremonial tape at the opening of 
the Bromsgrove section of the 
M42. Alas, the vehicle’s semi- 
automatic gearbox proved an 
insurmountable problem for the 
luckless Bottomley, who stalled 
the engine several times. A more 
experienced hand took the wheel 
and Bottomley was entrusted with 
the less taxing task of cutting the 
ribbon. 


Over and out 


Incongruous scenes at yesterday’s 
Labour NEC inquiry into Mil- 
itant. Gwyneth Dunwoody lis- 
tened to the evidence while 
embroidering a tapestry - recall- 


ing nobody so much as Madame 
Defarge. Outside, a Militant sup- 


Defarge. Outside, a Militant sup- 
porter was brandishing an up-to- 
date walkie-talkie, linked to other 


Militants strategically placed at 
the various points of action — in 


the various points of action — in 
Liverpool, outside the High Court, 
and inside the inquiry. Gasping 
the receiver to his ear. he regaled 
waiting journalists with details of 
the drama. 


Re: selections 


Meanwhile, more work for law- 
yers, I predict, following my story 
on Monday about the expiry of 
Labour's reselection deadline. Al- 
though party rules put a deadline 
of three years from the last general 
election on reselection. Labour's 
Walworth Road HQ said this 
week that MPs who have not yet 
faced reselection will not be 
imposed automatically on their 
constituencies unless there is a 
snap genera] election. Legal ac- 
tion. however, could be on the 
cards if Sydney BidwelL Robert 
Kilroy-Silk, and Gerry 
Berm ingham are now deselected 
in breach of the rule book. John 
Evans, in St Helens, has already 
said he will voluntarily face 
reselection once the national exec- 
utive committee's inquiry into the 
constituency is over. To date, only 
six Labour MPs have fellea foul of 
the round of reselections -Ernie 
Roberts. Norman Atkinson. Mi- 
chael McGuire, Alec WoodalL 
John Forrester. Michael Cocks, 
facing likely deselection, has an- ! 
nounced he will not stand again, j 


Dunpuntin 


After 10 years, Ladbroke's £40,000 
annual sponsorship of the Boat 
Race is to end. The reason, 
according to towpalfa gossip, is 
that the organizers have found 
someone to stump up more 
money. One rumour doing the 
rounds is that Ladbroks was 


peeved that the event never 
became widely known as “the 


became widely known as “die 
Ladbrokc Oxford and Cambridge 
University Boat Race”, like 
soccer's Canon league and 
cycling’s Milk Race. A company 
spokesman was quick to deny this, 
pointing out that even if news- 
papers knocked out the name, the 


BBC were terribly good about 
leaving it in. An official announce- 
ment is expected within the next 
three weeks.- -- PHS 



The recent advertising campaign 
by The Economist, which showed 
part of a page of its style-book, was 
sufficiently intriguing for me to 
ask for a copy of the whole thing, 
which they kindly sent I propose 
to discuss it today, but first I had 
better explain, for my less ink- 
stained readers, what a news- 
paper's (or publisher's) style-book 
is. Its most obvious use it so 
ensure typographical and verbal 
consistency; in The Times, for 
instance, the style-book reminds 
us that we use double quotation 
marks, we put the names of plays 
and books in italics and we refer to 
trades unions, not trade unions. 

Obviously, such rules, though 
essential (it is said that there are 1 7 
ways of spelling Gadaffil are 
largely arbitrary, like the rule of 
the road, but good style-books go 
on to give good advice about 
matters less straightforward but 
more important, from instruction 
in the meaning of billion (it used 
to depend on which side of the 
Atlantic you were, but we now all 
agree that it is a thousand million) 
to the difference between lire and 
liras. The very best style-books go 
further, and provide something 
tike a guide to writing good 
English, a miniature version of 
Fowler or Gowers. And I must say 
that The Economist's version is a 
truly excellent one; for its scope, 
its good sense, its vigorous defence 
of the English language and the 
charm with which it is presented, I 
can think of no one who dads in 
words, from the most experienced 
author to a schoolboy embarking 
upon an account of Whax / Did in 
the Hollidays, who could foil to 
benefit from it. 

It starts, very properly, with 
Orwell's famous six precepts 
(from Politics and the English 
Language): 

• Never use a metaphor, simile 
or other figure of speech which 
you are used to seeing in print 

• Never use a long word where a 
short one will do. 

• If it is possible to cut out a word, 
always cut it out 

• Never use the passive where 
you can use the active. 

• Never use a foreign phrase, a 
scientific word or a jargon word if 
you can think of an everyday 
English equivalent 

• Break any of these rules sooner 
than say anything outright bar- 
barous. 

Then the compiler (anonymous, 
like everyone at The Economist), 
lakes up his scythe and sets to 
work. Strike action (for strike), 
large-scale (for big), weather con- 
ditions (for weather) are among 
the first victims of the slaughter, 
persons (people) permit Get), 
wealthy (rich), purchase (buy) are 
the next to rail; green lights and 
gravy trains, bottom lines and 
salami tactics, in-depth studies 
and other ball-games, down they 
go; the Hanging Participle, the 
Centre Round and the Transitive 
Agree, the cousins Flaunt and 
FIoul the brothers Disinterested 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


Stir**** — 


Tor more than 40 years I have 
tried to persuade humanity that 
apartheid is an evil as monstrous 
tn every way as that of slavery; 
that its abolition is the only way to 
bring justice and peace (in that 
order) to southern Africa; and that 
there is now no time left for words, 
only for deeds. 

Apartheid is iireformable, as 
slavery was ineformabte. Those 
who, tn the name of governments 
or churches or peace movements, 
continue to urge “patience”, 
"dialogue” and “diplomacy” are 
sustaining the evil of apartheid. 
Moreover, they are responsible for 
the inevitable escalation of vi- 
olence, deaths and destruction. 
For behind the increasing horror 
of civil war in South Africa — and 
also Namibia — lies almost 40 
years of rigidly entrenched apart- 
heid and before that, a further 40 
years of collusion in its evil 
consequences by Great Britain. 

For if one can define a date for 
its beginning it can certainly be 
found in the 1910 Act of Union 
which deprived the African people 
in the Cape of their franchise and 
which was succeeded in 1913 by 
the Native Land Act which de- 
prived them of their right to own 
land For the whole of my lifetime, 
therefore, this evil has been al- 
lowed to destroy the dignity, the 
culture and the lives of genera- 
tions of blacks in their own land 


Apartheid: 
sanctions now 
the only way 

by Trevor Huddleston 


Its power has been sustained by 
the determination of British (and 
now American and West German) 
industrialists and politicians . to 
protect and expand their vast 
investments. It has been sustained 
also by the hypocrisy of those who, 
professing publicly to find apart- 
heid “abhorrent”, condemn those 
who have taken up arms against it 
as “terrorists”. In 1859, when 
John Brown was on trial (and was 
ultimately- executed) for the attack 


on Harpers Ferry which signalled 
the beginning of the American 
Civil War, Henry David Thoreau 
told the citizens of Concord, 
Massachusetts: “It was his 
(Brown's) peculiar doctrine that a 
man has a perfect right to interfere 
by force with the slaveholder, in 
order to rescue the slave. I agree 
with him ... I think that for once 
the Sharps rifles and the revolvers 
were employed in a righteous 
cause”. I think so too. 

And a famous Unitarian min- 
ister, Theodore Parker, seeing the 
inevitability of the Civil War, 
wrote this: “A few years ago it did 
not seem difficult to check slavery 
and then to end it without any 
Woodshed. I think this cannot be 
done now nor ever in the future. 
AD the great charters of humanity 
have been writ in blood . . . Alas! 
that we are not wise enough to be 
just, or just enough to be wise, and 
so gain much at small cost 

I write as one who spent 12 
years in South Africa and was 
there when, after the election in 
1948, the Nationalists first came 
to power. They inherited apart- 
heid but quickly passed laws 
covering every area of life —social 
economic, educational and politi- 


cal — to entrench it more eff- 
ectively. I was there, in the heart of 
black Johannesburg. I saw the 
impact of those laws upon the 
lives of the people I loved. The 
Pass Laws, the Group Areas Act, 
the Bantu Education Act, the 
Suppression of Communism Act 
and countless other regulations 
and decrees that created a prison 
for the African people- 1 saw the 
force used, by the police and 
paramilitary troops against un- 
armed and innocent people. I was 
present at the first “population 
removal”, when 60.000 blacks — 
Johannesburg's labour force — 
were forcibly evicted from their 
homes in Sophiatown: my parish, 
my parishioners, my friends. 

Among the thousands of chil- 
dren directly affected by the Bantu 
Education Act was a 1 5-year-old 
boy of great intellectual ability and 
potential He was in my care for 
two years, fighting not only apart- 
heid but tuberculosis. His name 
was Desmond Tutu. 


I was .present at that great 
gathering outside Johannesburg in 
June 1953 known as the Congress 
of the People. It was that Con- 
gress, representative of every race, 
colour, creed and political affili- 


Limon, Costa Rica 
Meet Flanagan Waggon Gonzales 
and Philbert Junior Cliff Moses. 
The first is a coffee-coloured 
Miskito Indian; the second a tall 
black, bushy-bearded Oneole. The 
fact that both are kicking their 
heels in an overcrowded refugee 
camp here has not a little to do 
with the Britons who once ran 
these pans in one of the most 
disreputable chapters of British 
histoiy- 

Soroe of the stifiest opposition 
to the Marxist Sandinista regime 
in Nicaragua, only a few miles to 
the north, is being put up by 
.English-speaking people with a 
talent for troublemaking inherited 
from distant forebears who 
roamed the Miskito Coast, the 
swampy Atlantic seaboard of Cen- 
tral America, centuries ago. 

No stiff upper lip and white 
man’s burden, these: The first 
were pirates, plundering home- 
ward-bound Spanish galleons. 
Henry Morgan led an expedition 
to sack Panama City. Belize is said 
to be a corruption of the name of 
Jts pirate founder. Peter Willace. 
Then came smugglers, planters 
and traders who disrupted Span- 
ish efforts to colonize the region 
and grew rich on dyewoods, 
mahogany, bananas and hid**? 

Their keenest partners in Span- 
iard -baiung were the Miskito In- 
dians, who lived on the rivers and 


Bernard Levin 


Still a field 
day for Fowler 
and Gowers 




PBufiYoum 


V- 




NO JARGON 
RNE SBTfiflCB 

gooogwwwr 






of 

style 


■V ." 5 *- -r.* __\- 


and Uninterested, the sisters 
Anticipate and Expect (but not the 
partners Deny and Refute) are 
next for the hecatomb; the wrong 
use of Canute and Cassandra goes 
on to the pyre; lifestyle and 
gender, simplistic and Ms; low- 
key and leeway — Solecisms Out, 
Out, Out! Good Writing, In, In, 
In! 

But this delightful document is 
not concerned only to warn 
against what is wrong; it has an 
extraordinarily comprehensive 
lexicon of what is right. Much of 
it, of course, fulfils the first 
function of a style-book — the 
attainment of consistency; those 
who do not write for The Econo- 
mist may safely leave the cedilla 
off facade. But ft is interesting to 
note how much even of what is 
specific to the magazine passes 
tests of usefulness, logic and 
elegance. The rules on capital 
letters, for instance, which are 
almost identical to those of The 
Times, could be followed with 
nothing but good ensuing by 


anyone who wants to refer to “the 
president of the United States” 
(but “President Reagan”), or The 
Social Democratic party” (but 
“conservatism”), and so could the 
decree against such horrid Ameri- 
canisms as “Prime Minister 
Thatcher” and “Chancellor 
Kohl”. And I have pointed out 
repeatedly, without anybody tak- 
ing any notice, that there are no 
circumstances in which per 
annum is better than a year. (Peter 
Fleming once got a letter from his 
son’s school telling him that the 
fees were to be raised to so much 
“per amun”; he replied that he 
would rather go on paying through 
the nose.) 

The Economist's campaign, in 
its house style-book, for- better 
written English, is part of a long 
and honourable tradition. A.P. 
Herbert fought such a campaign 
with wit and vigour in the 1930s; 
he collected his battles into a book 
— still as valid as it is entertaining 
-called What a Word l The 
Fowlers, of course, had been at it 


Relics of the Empire 
still fighting on 


hated the conquistadores with a 
hatred which persists to this day. 
The British created a Miskito 
“kingdom”, crowning their leader, 
Jeremy, with a lace hat in a move 
which gave them a flimsy excuse 
to declare the region a protect- 
orate. Miskito warriors were used 
to fight the Spanish and put down 
slave uprising in the Caribbean. 

Miskitos fed by Drake burned 
towns and ambushed treasure- 
laden mule trains in Panama. 
Nelson sent an expedition of 600 
Britons and 400 Miskitos paddling 
op the San Juan river to capture 
Spanish strongholds in Costa 
Rica. Slaves from the Caribbean — 


And the people. For generations 
they have been left to their own 


devices, cut off by jungles and 
mountains from the prosperous 
western coasts of what are now 
Nicaragua and Honduras, still 
hostile to the governments on the 
other ride. Not only do .many 
Miskitos still speak English, but 
many quaint English words have 
been absorbed into their own 
hybrid language. Along the Rio 
Coco they greet each other with 
“maming” and wear “trews” and 
“frocks”. A young girl is a 
“mairin” (maiden), thank you is 
“tiniti" and, as they cannot pro- 
nounce "f \ free has become “pri”. 
Miskito legend has it that their last 
king, Robert Henry Clarence, who 
fled to Jamaica in the 1 890s, is not 
dead but still living in London, 
waiting to return. 

I met an olive-skinned Jose 
Martin Cuthben who speaks with 
a strong West Country accent, a 
brown-adnned Radley Cottrell 
drinking a white slush be called 
“rice dnnk pop”. Their habit of 
absorbing foreign names contin- 
ued after the British faded away. 


e d later by escapees and 
en —added to the racial mix- 


freemen —added to the racial mix- 
ture. 

But the British never really 
established themselves. Scots 
brought oyer to found colonies 
fled, were killed or died of disease. 
British power waned, the Spanish 
colonies became independent 
countries and litde is left except 


the tiny self-ruling colony of Belize 
and a long-standing, row about if 
with Guatemala. 


otion*. that passed the Freedom 
Charter, today the basic document 
for the Liberation struggle of the 
United Democratic "'Front and 
African National Congress. 

I described these things at length 
in my book. Naught for Your 
Comfort, published 30 years ago. I 
believed then that apartheid 
would be dead and buried 
within — at longest — 10 years. 
Yet Tutu is still pleading for the 
support of the Western democ- 
racies and warning of Armaged- 
don. The Commonwealth Em- 
inent Persons Group fans told the 
world that there is. no purpose to 
be served in attempting dialogue 
with Pretoria. But Oliver Tarabo, 
president of foe ANG, my dose 
friend for 40 years, and a man of 
absolute - integrity, is called a 
terrorist by the British govern- 
ment. Nelson Mandela, with 
whom I was also privileged to 
work, is still imprisoned. 

. When you read about or see the 
violence and bloodshed escalating 
in South Africa ask yourselves one 
simple question: What do I, a 
citizen of a country in which I 
have full democratic rights, want 
my government to do to help bring 
it to an end? 


David Watt 


tort* 


1 


ST 


One of the oddest things about the 
Alliance defence row is the feet 
that so few people seem ready to 
grapple publicly with the question 
-on which the whole argument 
Wngwr “Should Britain remain a 


brdia would apply witb fer abater 
validity to an Anglo-Ficndi one. 
Would the Russians (or West 
Germans) believe that Britain and ^ 
France would put tfcemsetax a : 
midear risk to save Berlin?. ■ 


As Olof Palme, the Swedish 
prime minister, said in February 
just before be was killed: “If the 
world decides to abolish apart- 
heid, apartheid will disappear.” Is 
Britain to be still a -nation which 
refuses to throw its weight behind 
an effective sanctions jjolicy in the 
face of overwhelming evidence 
that this is the Only option left? 
The only option left, that is, if we 
are to have any claim as a nation 
to moral integrity: j 

©Tfcnta N a wp ap— Ltd, 1888 


The Rt Rev Trevor Huddleston CR 
is president of the Anti-Apartheid 
Movement. 


since the turn of the century, and 
in the 1950s Sir Ernest Gowers 
tried (in vain) to teach the English 
language to the Civil Service; later, 
he brought Fowler up to date, and 
now someone has brought Gcrwers 
up to date. And an army of others, 
among them GE Montague, Ivor 
Brown, Philip Howard and Wil- 
liam Safire, have, oyer the years, 
fought the same good fight, a fight 
that is never finally won. 

I often wonder why people seem 
to feel die need to degrade the 
language; to speak and write ft 
properly is not very difficult, and 
much more fun. Peter Black, when 
television critic of the Daily Mail , 
beard a narrator in a BBC tele- 
vision documentary say “When 
the bonanza was at its peak, the 
crunch came", but that was years 
ago, and far worse can now be 
heard every hour, not only on 
television, but in Parliament, 
university lecture-halls and cathe- 
dral pulpits; indeed, the only area 
of our public life in which the 
language is still used not only well 
-but consistently well is the law. 
The wicked lawyers, ft is true, 
weave nets of wends to catch the 
innocent widow and the helpless 
orphan, the better to grind their 
bones for making pie-crust, but 
the words, on the whole, still 
foDow the rules ofEnglish, and are 
even grammatical besides being 
remarkably free of foe coarser 
dich& and noises like “No way” 
and “hopefully”, let alone 
“yTcnow" and “I mean”. 

Of course, no one can learn to 
use foe language effectively and 
correctly merely by following a set 
of printed rules; that is why Orwell 
added his sixth law: “Break any of 
these rules sooner than say any- 
thing outright barbarous”. (I once, 
for a friend, drew up my own list 
of such rules, and my final one was 
“You may break any grammatical 
or syntactical rule deliberately 
when, and only when, you have 
rendered yourself literally ia- 
capable of breaking ft accid- 
entally”.) But what worries me 
about English as she is wrote today 
is that after many years in which.il 
has been argued (in foe schools 
particularly) that rules do not 
matter beside self-expression, we 
have ended up with no rides at all 
and a standard of self-expression, 
that an orang-outan would find 
seriously limited. 

I hope The Economist will 
publish their style-book and sell ft 
to all who want it; perhaps they 
could expand ft a little before 
doing so, for although its strictly 
utilitarian nature . is much en- 
hanced by the way it is couched, it 
is still a document designed for a 
very specific purpose. In any case, 
ft can do nothing but good, and 
there is only one item in ft which I 
have to rgect “Those who dis- 
agree with you”, says foe guide, 
“are not necessarily stupid or 
insand*. That may be true for the . 
writers of The. Economist, but It. 
certainly isn't true for me. 

OUnHlImiiapm, IMS. 


notr External comment has con- 
fined itself almost exclusively to 
the politics of the SDP mid the 
Liberate. The Alliance commis- 
sion taken refuge in the 
proposition that a decision can be ■ 
delayed until after the election. Dr 
Owen himself been -more, 
forthright but in Bonn last week, 
obtigeaat last to justify his desire 
for a -Polaris replacement, still cud 
not redly spell out his case. 

The reasons for all this retic en ce 
are complicated. Tn the case of foe 
Alliance politicians there is foe 
obvious desire, shared by Owen, 
to cool things down. Then there is 
the feet that everybody is reluctant 
to say in plain terms what Owen 
was hinting in foe coded 
pronouncement just mentioned — 
that we Europeans don't entirely 
trust the Americans any longer — 
since by saying so we might malm 
them even less trustworthy. Bui T 
suspect that foe most powerful 
reason for hesitation is an instinc- 
tive uneasiness on the. part.. of. 
everyone in foe business of poli- 
tics over the present state of public 
opinion on this issue. They sense 
that something is, or perhaps 
ought to be, going on here - the 
result of antirlhaicherism, anti- 
Americanism, Chernobyl bad 
public services and just plain 
weariness — but they are not quite 
sure what. Nobody is anxious to 
get on foe wrong bandwagon and 
so they either avoid new commit- 
ments and arguments or stand pat 
rather desperately on old ones. It 
is to the credit of the Alliance 
politicians that they have ai least 
recognized foe need for a fresh 
examination of the case: what is 
required is that they should be 
prepared to re-educate public 
opinion, in one direction or foe 
other, with a freshly settled 
conclusion. 


• WouldBritifo nmoles provide 
a credibie insurance policy purely 
far Britain, then? Yes, so tong as 
they can continue &> destroy & 
number of important Soviet tar- 
gets (though not ncccs Mug yjfcfos. 
cow) and so longas ibe Americans 
are prepared to sell ns essential 

technol o gy. These' two conditions 

could be made to apta long after 
Nato had formally collapsed. 


Tbe key building blocks of such 
a conclusion are four arguments: 
• How realistic are current fears 
that the US might not risk its own 
nuclear destruction in order to 
save Europe from . Soviet con- 
ventional attack or nuclear black- 
mail? The answer is equivocaL On 
the one hand a strong, nationalis- 
tic US under Reagan or a similar 
successor is likely to give possible 
Soviet aggressors gratifying cause 
for hesitation; on the other, foe 
unilateralism and self-preoccupa- 


tion of recent US policy hints at 
[ the possibility of super-power 
confrontations — ’ and accommod- 
ations — at foe expense of Europe. 
On balance some insurance by the 
Europeans seems prudern. . . 

• Could foe existing European 
nuclear powers — Britain and 
France — provide the necessary 
substitute deterrent for foe panti- 
' nent? Doubtful {juice Dr Owen). 
In foe very long run, a genuine 
European defence community (in 
which West Germany would also 
have to have a finger on the 
trigger) might be set up with 
nuclear capabilities. But. for the 
foreseeable future foe same doubts 
that apply to foe American um- 


# Is it worfo paying tJwpfrntium 

for such anmsuzance ^poSscy.given 
that ft is faaxdto write a sceaario in 
which pressing the button would 

- be a rational action for a Brftish 
prime minister to take? Here 
several facrors came into play, foe 
least important the "scenario” 
problem. For a British d eter re n t to 
be useful ii s only neces sary Sac 

- the Russians lobehevethazin East- 
. ditch oondkk w s of almost on- 
imagin able stress and .unoeitiuqty 
the British government might just 
act “irrationally”. More dSfficuft, 
but not insuperable, !? caeL Tri- 
dent is mare powe rful -tbanwe- 

- need and thercarcchcaperwaysof 
delivering nuclear warheads to 
strategic targets, - but ft . is not 
impossibly expens iv e; ia foe sense 
that by -purchasing it w are 
wrecking our economy. 

At foe. end iff - this wyfoiHI £ 
computation, there most Bei of w 
.course, two political p e rhap s 
emotional, judgements. The first 
is whether nuefear weapons are so 
morally horrific that in principle 
we cannot touch them. For the 
minority who. believe that they 
are, the argument is over. The 
other question is about national 
morale.- As in foe Gaitskdlite 
controversy 25 years ago, the 
present narrow argument about 
the British, deterrent conceals- a 
much wider one. Then foe ques- 
tion was whether the Lobom Phrty 
should be Marxist and neutralist; 
this time the question is whether 
we are willing to cross foecritical 4 
psychological threshold that sepa- 
rates: a second, from a third-rate 
power. If we did not possess 
nuclear weapons, this question 
would not arise: after aH foe 
Japanese and theGermans are not 
worried by it But setting that we 
do possess (a&d indeed invented) 
Item, foal they obviously bring us 
an indefinable , measure of inter- 
national influence; and that m 
abandoning them we would con- 
firm Fiance iffa superior position 
.as the only -European nuclear 
'power, ‘the effect of a change on 
the way British people see them- 
"sdves must be profound. 

The 'more mtdhgent Labour 
spokesmen make a puritanical 
virtue of this; we must face our 
decline and stop trying to keep up x 
with, foe Joneses. The argument " 
against them, as any down-and- 
out will bear witness, is that the 
remnants of pride, iff which the 
bomb is a conspicuous example, 
are the only foundations on which 
to build recovery. It is because Dr 
Owen represents and articukues 
this counter-argument that I be- 
lieve he deserves support. 


moreover . . , Miles Kington 


Alice through 
the covers 


Donald Woods has called for a 
return of the great writers to the 
■ world of cricket, and the Moreover 


■ world of cricket, and the Moreover 
computer obliged on Tuesday with 
a Raymond Chandler match re- 
port It obliges again today with 
gripping Test match coverage by 
. the late, great Lewis Carroll 

Humpty Dumpty was sitting with, 
his legs crossed on a very hjgb 
wall so narrow that she wondered 
how he could keep his balance at 
all His eyes were so fixed' on what 
was happening on the fer side of 
foe wall that for a moment she 
.though he was fest afeeen. 

“Perhaps I should wake him up 
before he fells off”, thought Alice 
lb herself when suddenly she was 
startled by a remark he made into 
thin air. 


which accounts for numbers of 
little Adolf Hitlers, Vladimir Le- 
nins and even Aenurs — the Span- 
ish acronym for. the UN High 
Commission for Refugees.) 

In Nicaragua the English-speak- 
ers have provided some of the 
most ardent members of foe 
Contra and more particularly the 
Indian Kisan guerrilla groups 


“And I think there’s going to be 
a change of field!” 

“It must be very difficult to 
change a field”, said Alice, out 
loud. “All that diggingand pkwgh- 


“I like sandwiches”, said Alice 
bravely. “1 like egg and cress, egg 
mayonnaise, egg and tomato . . 

Here Humpty Dumpty started 
swaying so violently that Alice 
began to wonder if sbe could catch 
him, should he &IL“It is very, 
provoking — very — to be called 
the contents of a sandwich. Don’t 
foiget, by foe way, that there is 
ball-by-ball commentary on Radio 
■Three." ' 

“What is a commentary, sir?” 

“A commentary, child, is Idling 
the viewers, what they can per- 
fectly well see for themselves. A 
commentary is a bunch of grown 
men laughing about Bin Frindall’s 
beard. A commentary is just what 
I want it to mean and no more. 
And the Indians are now in a very 
comfortable position.” 

Alice tried to imagine the 
Indians, perhaps having a splen- 
did picnic among their wigwams, 
but could not quite visualize it 
you seem So good with words, 

or” ch» triut “ I v! 


fighting the Sandinistas. 

Kisan leaders included Steadman 
Faggoth and Brooklyn Rivera. 

Miskito raids from Honduras 
caused the Sandinistas to destroy 
many Indian ' settlements and 
move the population' to' a new, 
controllable area in foe interior — 

' setting off an exodus of refugees- 
and fanning Miskito resentment 
even more. Recently foe Sandinis- 
tas realized that foe antagonism 
was more historic , than political , 
and . have offered an amnesty, 
promising the refugees they, can 
resettle their old villages. So fer 
they have had limited success. 

Although foe. link with Britain 
and foe Miskitos formally ended 
with a British-Nicaraguan 1 agree- 
ment in i 905, the Indians stiff feel 
Britamhas a certain responsibility 
towards them. Many, so I'm toW, 
cannot understand why the British 
do not come in. their -ships .and 
drive the - Sandinistas away. ! =! 


' . ing, and remembering . wb£re\ sir she tried 

-speak- everything went” pefoaps you could 

nC tlS . Humpty Dumpty turned tolook ~i an 1 - 

at her very slowly, and stared at the 35 

her as ifher contribution was quite Dummy “Hm* 
beneath contempt“-I am trying**. . SjSSJfe? £ wtllch lcaU 
no** 1 he said at last, “I am trying - as IT - ■ f , h Comm ^unors 


he said at last, I am trying — as 
hard. as .1 can.— to provide .a 
.commentary on this match for the 
television viewers.” . 

This statement made' so little • 
sense to Alice that she could not 
even think of an answer.“At the 
. moment, dtikTV-'he sakL “foe 
English side have their , backs to 
thewafi.” 

Alice looked at foe- wan and 
tried to imagine all foe English 
players' cowerfag just beyond. 
.“Can" they hear-, what you are 
saying?” 

“Of course not They are in foe 
middle-of foe field.” 


“But I thought you were going 
i change the field.”. 


Patricia Clongh 


| to change the field:” 

This provoked such a long stare ' 
from Humpty Dumpty that foe 
feared she had offended him. “The 
question is”; “said. ‘Humpty. 
Dumpty, “foe ouiy. qnestion is. — 
the only posable question - is,' 
who is. going to do the funchtitfie ' 
■summary with Tfeter; West* and. 
miss his sandwiches;” 


i can recite poetry as well as 
pe * t ... r ? an ~« said Humpty 

Sufe'SSS 1 

Winter, when there’s ice 
■ and snow. 

See us all to India go. 

In spring, when bints are 

giving voice. 

We criticize the selector? choice. : 

weti-fyiowii jokes." 

“52™* in autumn, 

again“Ohmy goodness” 

“I do^bfoeve 

•around foe wicket! Whar do^ you 
make of that, Ray?" you 

; Alioe sensed foa't the conversa- 
tion was over and started to drift 
™y, but as foe left hls prStS? 
foe could hear . him musmgT^ 

yn autumn, wken the football ’ 
stmts, 

We live on listener? 
cakes and sons.** 

Owning next, we hopo-Jaae 
Austen on a vital 
Mansfield Park. ■* 


a moment 






t' v . 

j-., 







tv|>j vv. 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JTJNF n 1986 


r Of 




'• j 

iS- 


:: 

\-£t; - 
t*. c 
• “‘•I '“V -■ 


-• ., •:»*. 


v- , 


« * ■ ■ L •!» / * 

•. ; ' ^ x J\'U ’ 

■ ;■< ■»*■>] Iff!: 

.. -^vers 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

A STATE IN EMERGENCY 


That a state of emergency 
should have been declared in 
. South Africa on the .very day 
that the Commonwealth Emi- 
nent Persons Croup (EPG) 
published a report arguing by 
implication for economic 
sanctions is a coincidence 
heavy with significance. The 
declaration of a state of emer- 
gency was not in itself surpris- 
ing. It may even have become 
unavoidable. The violence of 
recent weeks, withm as well as 
between the races, has ex- 
plored new depths of human 
cruelty. The need to reinforce 
order and to restore what one - 
agency reporter described as a 
“surly peace” upon the black 
townships temporarily over- 
rode such considerations as 
external opinion or maintain- 
ing some hope of political 
dialogue. But it also served to 
underline the bleak message 
that the EPG brought back 
from the Cape. 

- Their mission was more 
than a mere diplomatic ruse — 
to extricate ~ the Common- 
wealth from an impasse over 
sanctions at last Autumn's 
heads of government meeting 
in Nassau. However poor its 
chances of success, it threw a 
bridge across the- wide ning 
chasm between Pretoria and 
elsewhere. In the event, this 
proved to be a bridge which 
President Botha was not brave 
enough to cross — or perhaps 
the bridge was prematurely 
dynamited by an exasperated 
Commonwealth secretariat ' 
Whichever explanation is cor- 
rect, the question now remains 

— where do we go from here? 

The EPG report is a well- 
intentioned document reflect- 
ing the mood of dedication in 
which the group approached 
their task. Few could feil to 
endorse their total opposition" 
to apartheid which on political 
and economic grounds — as 
well as on moral and ethical - 
ones — has always contained . 
withm itself the seeds of its 
own destruction. Few could 
fail to be moved by their - 
measured account of its vile ; . 
human consequences for 
instance, of tftfe Crossroads . 
blacks living in •“ crude shan- 
ties, fashioned from sheets of : 
corrugated iron, and fined with 
cardboariland polythene in an 
attempt to keep out the cold.” 
No-one could fail to be horri- 
fied by their description of a 
repression in which, for in- . 
stance, “the police do not 
hesitate to fire lethal buckshot 
into crowds of unarmed 
blacks, even when they are not 
threatening and are on their 
way to funeral.” 

Such witness, however, has 
led the EPG at times both to 
idealise the black leaders of the 
armed resistance and to dis- 
miss too cavalierly any ev- 
idence that the Botha 
government is serious about 
reform. When we read, of 
black leaders, that “their ideal- 
ism, their genuine sense of 


non-racialism and their readi- 
ness not only to forgive but to 
forget, compels' admiration”, 
we should remember that 
‘ some . of those leaders are 
encouraging the “necklacing” 
of black agents of white 
authority in the townships and 
that others are excusing this 
particularly horrifying form of 
murder. Some leaders, like 
Bishop Tutu, have indeed 
acted in a way that compels 
admiration. Their opposition 
'to random violence, sadly, has 
not strengthened their rfatm to 
leadership. And while 
Pretoria's ruthless emascula- 
tion of- responsible black 
leadership may explain the 
growing ruthlessness of black 
resistance, it is nonetheless a 
feet that cannot be ignored. 

On the other hand, “ob- 
duracy and intransigence” 
hardly amounts to an adequate 
description of government 
policies which have included 
the repeal of laws prohibiting 
mixed marriages, the 
; legalisation of black trade 
unions and the reform of the 
hated pass laws. 

From this standpoint of 
pessimism about the status 
quo, the EPG advanced de- 
mands upon Pretoria that were 
optimistic to an almost uto- 
pian degree: namely, a “firm 
and unambiguous 

commitment” to end apart- 
heid, as well as specific steps 
towards this. Were they asking 
too much? Insofar as President 
Botha was unwilling or unable 
to meet this demand, the 
answer must be “Yes.” 

He regarded, as non-nego- 
tiable the concept of group 
rights and the “homelands” 
policy. He would not give way 
oyer the Registration Act And 
he refused even to contem- 
plate a South Africa built on 
one-manrone-vote democracy 
in a unitary stale. “From these ' 
and other recent develop- 
ments, we - draw the 
conclusion” "the report goes on 
“that while the. government 
claims to be ready to negotiate, 
it is truth not yet prepared to 
negotiate ~ fundamental: 
Change.”-' 

1 But . that is too firm a 
conclusion to draw from a . 
statement by a politician who .. 
must frame his public commit- 
ments in the tight of his 
electorate's opinions. Aboli- 
tion of apartheid, if It ever 
comes- peacefully to South 
Africa, will come in stages, 
each one of which will be will 
be declared by its architects to 
be the final concession. The 
EPG was right to warn that 
President Botha should not 
give the extremists of the - 
Afrikaner Right a. veto on 
reform. But it would be fool- 
hardy of him to maximise 
political opposition by declar- 
ing in advance that the wind- 
ing up of the apartheid state is * 
his ultimate destination — and 
the EPG foiled to take that 


- elementary calculation into 
account. 

Having determined that the 
Botha government will never 
concede such change, the EPG 
suggested that two ways for- 
ward were open. Either the 
international community 
would take unspecified eco- 
nomic measures against South 
Africa or that country's blacks, 
deprived of outside support, 
would resort to ever-increasing 
violence. Only one fresh argu- 
ment is adduced in favour of 
sanctions — that South Africa 
itself thinks them a useful tool 
against neighbouring states. 
But since the neighbouring 
states remain determined to 
assist in bringing down the 
apartheid structure, that sug- 
gests that sanctions were not 
very effective in influencing 
the policies of those states. 

Indeed, in the very case 
cited by the EPG, sanctions 
have hardened existing poli- 
cies — and there is every 
likelihood that they would 
harden South Africa's internal 
policies by removing an in- 
centive for political modera- 
tion and reducing the political 
cost of bringing in a garrison 
state: 

Nor is it true that the two 
courses outlined by the EPG 
exhaust all possible futures. 
The duty placed upon the rest 
of the world to help avert the 
long-predicted bloodbath can 
be met by quite a different 
policy — what might be called 
“positive sanctions.” In both 
the EEC and the Common- 
wealth, the British Govern- 
ment should now advance the 
case for using foreign compa- 
nies in South Africa to accel- 
erate the pace of economic and 
political change -there. This 
could be done by legislation 
that would allow — or even 
encourage — investment there 
provided that the companies . 
concerned implemented a 
stepped-up EEC code of 
employment practice, entered 
into partnerships with black 
entrepreneur in the townships 
and else where, provided gen- 
erous grants to black social 
organisations, . . lobbied . . .vig- 
orously in Pretoria (as native 
Afrikaner businesses are now 
doing) to obtain further politi- 
cal reforms, and did much else 
on these lines. Foreign invest- 
ment, by bidding up the price 
and power of black labour and 
reducing the price and power 
of local white capital; would 
bring about political changes 
over time in any event But 
such conscious forcing of the 
pace, at the behest of the 
international community, 
might give the black commu- 
nity -a sense that peaceful 
evolutionary reform had more 
to offer than violent revolu- 
tion. 

Those who, from either 
despair or radicalism, prefer 
foe latter should look at the 
human consequences of that. 
They are on display in Gross- 
roads. 


Help for self-help on Africa 

From Mr Charles Morrison, MP that when a womai 
for Devizes (Consenaiive) poorest countries 

Sir, Your analysis of of Africa's becomes pregnant. I 
need for continuing support dvine as a result an 


need for continuing support 
through aid (leading article, June 
9) is welcome. You emphasise the 
role of Africa's “frightening" and 
“frantic” population growth in 
exacerbating its economic prob- 
lems by diverting income into 
immediate consumption and 
inhibiting long-term investment. I 
would like to draw attention to 
two other areas of African life 
where rapid population growth 
has a damaging and destructive 
effect 

Firstly, the environment. Some 
of the more striking and visible 
consequences of the complex im- 
pact of rapid population growth 
on the environment are deforesta- 
tion, desertification and soil ero- 
sion. The World Bank reports that 
in the Gambia and Tanzania 
: population growth has made wood 
so scarce that each household 
spends 250-300 worker-days a 
year to gather the wood it needs. 

Trees are deared to create new 
land for agricultural development 
to feed growing populations but 
without their protective cover the 
land is vulnerable to tropical 
downpours or strong winds.- This 
is how vast tracts of land in the 
Sahel are being transformed into 
dust-bowls. In Ethiopia, where the 
population virtually doubled over 
the past decade, the area of land 
covered by forest has fallen from 
16 per cent to 3 per cent in the last 
20yeare. 

Secondly, the health of mothers 
and their babies. The World 
Health Organization estimates 


A MOMENT FOR CONGRATULATION 


First, and again, Te Deum. 
The Irish nationalist assault on 
the government of the United 
Kingdom in October 1984 
failed. Celebration of that feet 
has nothing todo with partisan 
politics, everything to* do with 
the defence of democratic 
politics itself against its ene- 
mies. Now, after scrupulous 
judicial process in which even 
defence lawyers* perennial 
offering of “planted evidence” 
was listless, convictions have 
been secured. 

A moment, necessarily brief 
can be spared for unashamed 
congratulation. To the police 
forces of East Sussex, the 
metropolis and Strathclyde, to 
the unnamed operatives of the 
Security Services, to the Royal 


protection. The Irish 
terrorists* access to a new 
generation of explosive device 
was confirmed. After the trial 
communication between re- 
gional police forces emerges — 
not for the first time —as a pre- 
condition of successful detec- 
tion. But here, too, was an 
account. ...of.' col laborati on 
across the Irish Sea and the 
useful exchange of suspicion 
and intelligence between Dub- 
lin and London. 

There were constant 
reminders of the sheer expense 
of surveillance, how keeping 
tabs on a single suspect .costs 
hour after hour of time, and it 
is work that cannot be done by 
untrained officers. Inevitably 
the case is strengthened for 


Ulster Constabulary, to co- specialization within foe po- 


operative officers of the 
Republic of Ireland's. Garda 
are due the thanks of a public 
which —a feet of modern life— 
takes as read the infrastructure 
of security. Accident played its 
part in bringing McGee and 
McDonnel and the others to 
trial, as did the imaginative 
application of technology. Tra- 
ditional police skills, dogged 
surveillance, stolid detection: 
big and successful trials such 
as that of McGee and his co- 
conspirators remind ' police 
and public alike that the mass 
of routine work has a single 
purpose, and that is justice. 

The text of the trial is worth 
study, at home and abroad. 
Some of the lessons of the 
Brighton bomb were for learn- 
ing at once. Seaside party 
conferences needed better 


' lice ranks, despite its costs in 
terms of money and opera- 
tional inflexibility. 

\ The most powerful evidence 
which leads towards that 
conclusion is. the calibre of the 
opposition which the - police 
face. This is a subject which 
security experts in the best 
position to know tend to skirt 
round. But the unmistakeable 
lesson of the trial (and com- 
parable preceding ones) is that 
the IRA's most experienced 
terrorists are formidably well- 
practised, in the arts of killing 
and concealment. To survive 
for perhaps fifteen years, they 
have had to stay ahead' of foe- 
game. The trial; with its sprin- 
kling of names which have 
-cropped up before, indicated 
also that- the IRA can maintain 
ttie capacity to /stage lethal 


. coups with a relatively small 
number of true activists. To 
make these points is to do no 
more than to emphasize what 
is obvious and well-known so 
- that the rignt measures can be 
taken. 

There is superficial morale- 
boosting to be gained — but 
nothing more — from exag- 
gerating the extent to which 
terrorism is being “beaten”. 
Since the mid-1970s, the 
Provisionals have continued 
to kill their victims at roughly 
the same rate each year. A 
decline in the number of 
deaths due to terrorism can 
only be drawn on a graph by 
■counting m the decline of 
groups other than the 
Provisionals. And ultimately it 
is the Provisionals who are the 
real opposition faced by foe 
police and army. 

Abroad, McGee's terrorist 
biography deserves close 
attention by those ultra-civil 
Dutch jurists and those free- 
dom-loving United States Sen- 
ators who in their different 
ways have shackled the efforts 
of a civilized ally to bring 
terrorists to justice. Let Sen- 
ators Kerry and Biden in their 
parochial fastness read the 
cold plot against Britain's 
summer resorts and just imag- 
ine bloody beaches at home at 
Cape Cod or Dover. Let them 
in their sophistry explain how 
■terrorism cap be parsed dif- 
ferently on two sides of the 
Atlantic, and Irish murderers 
excused from justice by the 
' intervention of American 
courts. 


Observatory’s future 

From Sir William McCrea, FRS 
Sir, The Chairman of the Science 
and Engineering Research Coun- 
cil, writes (June 7), “In common 
with the majority view of the 
Kingman working party, Council 
decided unanimously . . . that 
RGO should move .... On pre- 
vious occasions also, be has 
invoked this “view". 

I wasa member of the Kingman 
group and attended every meeting . 
The existence of the alleged view 
is not a fact It is not stated 
anywhere in the group's report to 
the Science and Engineering Re- 
search Council (SERC). It could 
not be there, for the group was 
never invited to vote upon any 
options. . 

The group's conclusion states 
that it 

has narrowed the options to 

Part-time education 

From the Rector of the Polytechnic 

t f Central London 
rr. June 13 is the deadline for 
public sector institutions to com- 
ment upon the National Advisory 
Body (NAB) 1987/88 planning 
proposals for a major reduction in 
student places in higher education. 

Unfortunately, the current de- 
bate about foe size of these cuts 
has obscured criticisms of regret- 
table lack of direction in the 
planning process. 

In particular, NAB has com- 
pletely ignored foe needs of part- 
time education, in spite of all the 
rhetoric about this being one of 
the few areas for future growth. 
For instance, the annual cost of an 
evening degree student is 60 per 
cent of Lhat of a full-time student, 
yet the unit of resource provided is 
only 20 per cent. 

This is because NAB, after over 
four years of work, has foiled to 
develop any discrimination in . 
respect of the various types of 
evening courses and their different 

Tax and charities 

From the Master of University 
College. Oxford 

Sir, When the Chancellor in- 
troduced his Budget proposals, he 
announced some important con- 
cessions to charities. These were 
received with considerable enthu- 
siasm by many — including my- 
self.’ 

In an article of critical praise, I 
did venture the warning that 
vigilance was necessary, since it 
was the common practice of foe 
Revenue to take back with the left 
hand what it generously proffered 
with the right This warning, alas, 
proved only too true. 

The Budget speech was suc- 
ceeded by a Finance Bill so 
appalling both in its content and 
complexity as to bankrupt descrip- 
tion. The effect however, after 
hours of painful study, was to 
make it clear that the Bill would 
more than neutralize any benefit 
derived from the changes in 
principle. 

Moreover, and for worse, it was 
calculated to do immense damage 
to the whole charitable scene; to 
place dangerous obstacles in ‘the 
conduct of charities and in 
particular to discourage the cre- 
ation of any new charitable trusts 
— institutions on which the great 

Takeover bids 

From Lord Campbell of Eskan 
Sir, Mr Paul Channon’s statement 
yesterday announcing the setting 
up of a review on competition 
policy prompts me to make sev- 
eral points on takeover bids. 

As a past chairman of Booker, I 
was recently, as it were, nostal- 
gically involved in a particularly 

The final paragraph of yesterday's 
letter from the Reverend Paul 
Nicolson was omitted in error. It 
read: “Amendments to regulate the 
duties of the LEA, the DES and the 
Secretary of State to include gov- 
ernors. and parents in these proce- 
dures and to give them his reasons 
when he closes their schools should 
be tabled while the Bill is in 
Committee.” The - letter was dated 
June 1 1, not June 6 as stated. 


■ that when a woman living in the 
poorest countries of the world 

* becomes pregnant, her chances of 
t dying as a result are between 100 
s and 200 times higher than those of 

- a pregnant woman, in affluent 
1 societies. 

1 In some pans of Africa maternal 

- death rates are up to 1,000 per 

> 100.000 live births compared with 
f six per 100,000 in some European 
I countries. The provision of appro- 

> priate, adequate and accessible 

* family planning services can cut 
i the health and death risks of 

pregnancy and childbirth by en- 
abling African women to plan and 
“ space their families and avoid 

* high-risk pregnancies. 

There is a keen awareness 
i among African parliamentarians 

■ of the stresses that rapid popula- 
tion growth places on national 
development and a growing recog- 
nition of the part that family 
planning services can play in 
reducing some of these stresses. 
These perceptions were very much 
in evidence at the All-Africa 
Parliamentary Conference on 
Population and Development, 
held in Harare last month and 
attended by parliamentarians 
from 31 countries in Africa. 

It is vital for the developed 
nations to respond positively to 
help the Africans to help them- 
selves in the long-term task of 
slowing down population growth. 
Yours sincerely, 

CHARLES MORRISON 
(Chairman, All-party 
Parliamentary Group on 
Population and Development), 
House of Commons. 

June 10. 

four ... (a) the status quo (bj a 
move of RGO to a university site (c) 
a merger on the Edinburgh site (d) a 
merger on another university sire. 
Council wiQ now wish to consider 
these options. Before making a 
decision the group suggests that the 
reactions of the astronomical 
community should be established. 

SERCs public statements ig- 
nore options (a) and (d), and the 
clear recommendation to consult 
the community before reaching a 
decision, while they invoke the 
report for what is not there! SERC 
has not published the report 
My conscience is clear about 
’• quoting an unpublished docu- 
ment; this seems to be the only 
way u> refute a misleading state- 
ment about its recommendations. 
Yours etc. 

WILLIAM McCREA. 

87 Houndean Rise, 

. Lewes. East Sussex. 

June 10. . , 

funding needs, and still uses a 
single figure of 20 per cent for 
..every type of evening course. 

This polytechnic is a leading 
provider of evening degree and 
postgraduate courses, with 1,000 
such evening students. This high 
level of provision is maintained by 
heavy subsidisation from full-time 
courses. NAB's proposed cuts of 
our full-time courses will remove 
the basis for continued 
subsidisation. The resources for 
part-time education will be re- 
duced and these courses will beat 
risk. 

I invite the new Secretary of 
State to identify bow Government 
objectives on part-time education 
are being met by NAB plans and to 
look critically at the quality of the 
advice he is to receive on funding 
mechanisms in this area. 

Yours sincerely. 

TERENCE BURLIN. Rector, 

The Polytechnic of Central 
London, 

309 Regent Street, WI. 

June 9. 

majority of charities need to rely. 

The Bill was received with a 
clamour of protest - but enlight- 
ened protest — from directors and 
trustees of charities; organisations 
advising them and experts on 
charity law. I may add that my 
own light baritone was added to 
this clamour. 

To the credit of all concerned, 
this clamour of democratic protest 
achieved an unexpected and im- 
mensely welcome result. The 
Treasury, and the Revenue in 
particular, listened patiently, and 
the fortunate upshot is that the , 
worst provisions and the most 
dangerous have now been with- 
drawn. particularly a singularly 
maladroit gradation of charities, i 
although the present proposals < 
will still require careful consid- \ 
eration. . 

It is agreeable to see the ! 
democratic process working in \ 
front of one’s eyes. As chairman of | 
the Council for Charitable Sup- ( 
port and of the Association for ( 
Business Sponsorship of the Arts, 

I would like to speak on my own s 
behalf, and I believe on behalf of j 
many others, in proffering grati- { 
lude. 1 

Yours, i 

GOODMAN. f 

University College . i 

Oxford. f 


unpleasant onslaught by the Dee 
‘Corporation. 

To mate three points: 

1. It seems outrageous that 
employees whose lives and liveli- 
hoods are at state have no 
possible say in the outcome. 

2. Individual shareholders have 
precious linle say because the 
institutions can always tip foe 
balance. Few of the institutions 
apparently have any but stark 
financial concern in the outcome: 

3. To revert for a moment to 
Booker, I always said to 
shareholders that we had to 
recognise and balance four-fold 
responsibilities: to shareholders 
who provide the money; to 
employees who provide the skills 
and work: to customers without 
whom there could be no business; 


Cutting the cloth 
■ for UGC coat 

* From Mr S. L. Bragg, FEng 
l Sir, The universities are once 
again being required to meet a 
reduction, in real terms, in their 
Government grants: One possible 
strategy which might meet a 
national need does not seem to 
have been mentioned in your 
columns. 

Suppose that the universities 
were to reduce their undergrad- 
uate intake to correspond with the 
cut in UGC funds. And suppose 
further that the teaching effort 
which was thus released could be 
redeployed on post-experience 
courses, not necessarily full-time, 
for those already in employment. 

Those attending these courses, 
or their employers, would be 
expected to pay the economic 
costs — as they do for senior 
management courses. So the total 
university income would be main- 
tained. 

Then three advantages would 
accrue. There would be no 
diminution in the standard of 
undergraduate courses, which is 
what foe universities want. There 
would be increased provision for 
post-experience training, which is 
what foe country needs. U would 
also be possible to make a dear 
decision on whether to increase or 
decrease both student numbers 
and taxation without fudging the 
issue by talk of increasing ef- 
ficiency. 

The problem is that such a 
change needs more time for 
planning and preparation than foe 
four mouths that have been 
allowed for ft. 

Yours faithfully, 

S. L BRAGG, 

22 Brookside, 

Cambridge. 

Hotels in Britain 

From the Marquess of Hertford 
Sir, Your “Fourth leader” last 
Saturday (June 7) was hardly fair 
to Britain’s tourist industry. The 
best hotels in London, among 
which I would not personally 
include the two whose prices you 
quoted, are so much better than 
any hotels in America that price 
comparisons are irrelevant. 
Perfection is expensive. There are 
plenty of cheaper places to stay. 

I do not believe that “foe 
average mid-Westerner misses his 
cost-effective motel”. On holiday, 
he surely wants something more 
interesting; or if be doesn't, his 
wife does. 

In Stratford-on-Avon there are 
more “multiple shops” than in 
most country towns. Some of 
them, built behind Georgian fa- 
cades, are both beautiful and 
cheap. In July. August and 
September this year, Stratford 
hotels will give their overnight 
guests vouchers entitling them to 
10 per cent reductions in local 
shops, restaurants and tourist 
attractions. 

This should help to show that 
we do care for our visitors, 
whether they come from America 
or anywhere else. 

Yows faithfully, 

HERTFORD (President, 

Heart of England Tourist Board), 
Ragley Hall, 

Alcester, Warwickshire. 

On the verge 

From Miss Mary E. Jilley 
Sir, Mr C. Hart asks (May 3 1 ) why 
the dandelions choose to grow in 
greatest profusion in the strip of 
grass which is nearest to the road 
surface. 

When foe dandelion “clocks”, 
or thistledown, are ripe he will see 
the effect of the disturbance of air 
created by passing traffic. This will 
induce the air-borne dandelion 
seed to swirl across foe road 
surface towards foe haven of foe 
first raised surface, which is 
usually the grass verge. 

Yours truly. 

MARY E JILLEY. 

The Shepbered's Cottage, 

Chute, 

Via Andover, Hampshire. 

Channel Tunnel 

From Brigadier Michael Calvert 
Sir, It is typical of Jonathan 
Ailken and his Kentish friends 
(feature. June 5) to take foe 
parochial rather than the national 
viewpoint on the Channel Tunnel 
In 1940 I was helping prepare 
the guerrilla defence of Kent and 
Sussex. When we complained to 
the visiting Regional Commis- 
sioner, Sir Auckland Geddes, that 
we were not receiving the coopera- 
tion we expected from the local 
landowners when we wished to ' 
construct underground hideouts 
on their land. Sir Auckland told us 
“the property owners ofKent have i 
always been prepared to sacrifice 
their only sons for their country. : 
but not one square yard of their 
land”. 

Yours sincerely, 

MICHAEL CALVERT, 

33a Mill Hill Close, 

Haywards Heath. West Sussex. | 



and the communities in which the 
companies' operations are rooted 

Apart from morality. I regarded 
this as enlightened self-interest on 
behalf of the shareholders who 
seemed to accept it. 

I am not sure that the institu- 
tions would either understand or 
show loyalty to such a concept, 
nor I think does the Office of Fair 
Trading. 

Finally, the cost of fighting offa 
takeover bid can be enormous and 
should surely be borne by the 
assailant. 

Yours faithfully. 

CAMPBELL OF ESKAN. 

Lawers. 

Crocker End, 

Nettiebed. 

Nr Henley-on-Thames, 

Oxfordshire 

June 6. 


JUNE 13 1891 

Anti-Semitism in Russia was 
reviving as Jewish students and 
artisans increasingly brought 
Western ideas of industrial 
socialism into Russian cities. 
This time anti-Semitism mas part 
of a wider movement. Poles, who 
had supplied 60 to 80 per cent of 
the labour in building the Central 
Asian Railway, were, apart from a , 
handful, ordered to leave Russia i 
by a decree from General 
Kuropatitin, who made his name 
in the Russo-Turkish mar (1877- 
78) in which the Jewish tailor had 
fought. 


RUSSIAN INTOLERANCE. 

MOSCOW, June 11. 

About a hundred Jewish artisans 
who have served their tune as 
soldiers with the colours have sent 
a petition to the Czar to the effect 
that, after having passed through 
the ranks of the Russian army and 
being now settled down in Moscow, 
they are to be sent away from their 
homes like felons. They are ready, 
as they Bay, to sacrifice themselves 
when necessary on the altar of the 
Fatherland, and are proud of 
having been Russian soldiers; but if 
they are thus covered with shame 
and contumely how can they again 
serve his Majesty in case at any 
rimB they should be bhIIwI 
into active service? It is very 
doubtful whether this petition will 
ever get near its destination. 

When the Emperor came here 
recently the police ordered that no 
Jews were to appear in any of the 
principal streets, under pain of 
arrest and imprisonment. Never- 
theless it appears that a Jewish 
student who was dismissed from 
the University after the last disor- 
ders. in which be took no part, was 
bold enough to attempt to throw a 
petition into the Imperial carriage 
from the crowd as their Majesties 
passed through the street of Tver. 
Their Majesties were very much 
startled. The paper fell to the 
ground, but the Empress ordered 
the coachman to stop and had it 
picked up, while the student was 
seized and led off by the police. . . 

— A Correspondent 

ST-PETERSBURG. JUNE 12. 

.. A distinguished Russian friend 
of mine, well known in his own 
country and abroad, has just come 
from Moscow, and tells me that 
while there he employed a Jewish 
tailor, an old soldier who fought in 
the last war «nrf pinwl the St. 
George’s Cross for conspicuous 
valour in the field. When my friend 
left Moscow this man was under 
police orders to quit the city like 
the rest of the Jews, and his friends 
were trying to get for him permis- 
sion to stay. To expel in this way 
an old soldier who has p»in«d the 
highest military decoration in the 
power of the Czar to bestow, is an 
outrageous injustice and an insult 
to the order which he wears. 

The report of- the new Jewish 
synagogue in St Petersburg having 
been closed is not quite correct 
That building is not yet finished, 
and remains unopened, ostensibly 
for want of sufficient money. The 
report, however, is so for true that 
this lack of funds and the delay in 
completing the synagogue must be 
taken in connexion with the 
present wretched condition of all 
Jewish affaire in Russia, and the 
normal reluctance to push forward 
any undertaking of a purely Jewish 
character. . . 

It is not only the Jews who have 
been thus far unable to eqjoy the 
luxury of a proper house of 
worship. The Mahomedana of St. 
Petersburg have bng strained ev- 
ery nerve to scrape together enough 
money to build a mosque. Permis- 
sion to construct it has been 
promised, but who can tell whether 
this promise may not be affected 
before it can be taken advantage oL 
by the evil reports now being 
vamped up against the Tartars? 
Mr. Gladstone, Professor 
Vambfry, and Mr. Samuel Monta- 
gu, whose opinions have just 
appeared in The Times on this 
subject, are in error in continuing 
to believe that the Mohomedans In 
Russia are being let alone and that 
only the Jews are being persecuted. 

It is perfectly astonishing how 
distinguished public men in En- 
gland can r emain ignorant of the 
01-wind which is now blowing over 
this country, carrying hatred alike 
against German, Jew, Pole and 
Tartar. The Germans and 
Mahomedans, happily for them, 
are still strong organized powers 
outside Russia. The Jews are in the 
position of the victim obliged to 
submit to the blow of the brickbat 
because he has no friends. The 
English friend of the Jew de- 
nounces the oppressors of the 
afflicted race from the house-tops 
and then goes home to a sumptu- 
ous dinner. . . 


Signs of the times 

From Major-General D.Braggins 
Sir, Having attended a “bricks and 
mortar” course (Mr Parian's let- 
ter, May 20), which I am glad to 
confirm is strongly supported by 
major-generals, amongst many 
others, my new-found skills have 
been put to excellent use. Plumb- 
ing. electrical repairs, carpentry, 
plastering and painting have fea- 
tured prominently in my pro- 
gramme and I have no doubt but 
that I have been saved consid- 
erable expense as a result. 

It has to be reported, however, 
that house repairs, particularly in 
the country, are not without their 
hazards. Not only am 1 afflicted 
with pins and needles in my right 
hand through gripping paint 
brashes for hours on end, but a 
cow tried to chew a hole in my 
pullover whilst I was repairing a 
stone wall in my garden. 

I would be pleased to provide 
further details if any historian is 
interested. 

Yours sincerely, 

DEREK BRAGGINS. 

Blue Ball, 

Rayhembtiry, 

Devon. 


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i'Hi: TiMiaS FRIDAY jUNfc iiiyoo 


S% A SPECIAL REPORT 


U)— — — 

^ The way to 
get things done 


FOCUS 


In 1985 The Times celebrated 
its bicentenary, an opportuni- 
ty to reflect on the momentous 
events it reported during 200 
years and on its own history 
and development. 

But it also seemed appropri- 
ate to the then editor, Charles 
Douglas-Home, that the paper 
shotJd look to the future and 
encourage one of the most 
significant trends of recent 
years — community enter- 
prise, the spirit of indepen- 
dence and. achievement which 
conies from local groups 
endeavouring to improve 
their own environment- 

The T/rms/Royal Institute 
of British Architects Commu- 
nity Enterprise Scheme was 
launched in September, with 
the patronage ot the Prince of 
Wales, whose personal inter- 
est in community initiatives is 
well known, and under the 
chairmanship of Rod Hack- 
ney, the community architect. 

The assessors were to in- 
clude a community organizer, 
Maureen Read, the director, 
of Shelter, Sheila McKecfanie, 
a representative of commerce 
and industry, Tony 
Shiilingford, of Business in the 
Community, as well as two 
architects. Andrew Derbyshire 
and John Lane, and two 
representatives of The Times, 
Sarah Hogg, economics editor, 
and Charles Knevitt, architec- 
ture correspondent 

As Mr Hackney said at the 
launch: “Most environmental 
awards, including architectur- 
al awards, are for design, and 
the assessors' job is to judge 
the end product There may be 
a tendency to judge a project 
on its photogenic qualities, 
although in a few cases some 
emphasis is also placed on 
user-appreciation. We thought 


it was time to recognize 
community enterprise and ini- 
tiative as well and in particu- 
lar the way projects are put 
together- 

“Today we are launching an 
award which recognizes the 
quality of die process by 
which projects come about as 
well as the end resulL" 

Community groups and 
their professional advisers 
were invited to submit entries 
to receive an award for “the 
most imaginative, viable and 
need-fulfilling” projects, and 
nearly 200 were received. 
During the next two months 
the assessors whittled them 
down to 33 entries to be 
visited. They fell into four 
broad categories: housing, 
workshops, community cen- 
tres, and environmental im- 
provements, a “catch-all" that 
included urban farms, adven- 
ture playgrounds and major 
urban renewal projects, one 
involving a whole town. 

Between January and April 
this year, all the short-listed 
projects were visited and as- 
sessed on their value to the 
community, the process by 
which they had come about, 
design quality, plans for future 
management and any special 
features, such as access for the 
disabled. 

The quality of the entries is 
reflected in what might seem a 
generous number of winners: 
nine awards, II commenda- 
tions and eight honourable 
mentions. 

Immediately after the 
launch the Calouste 
Gulbenkian ' Foundation ap- 
proached The Times with the 
offer of grams to the best 
projects. This was immediate- 
ly taken up and a total of 


£10,000 will be presented to 
the award-winners today by 
the Prince of Wales. Paul 
Cunto, deputy director of the 
foundation, attended all the 
assessors' meetings as an ob- 
server. The main winners will 
also receive a plaque and a 
certificate. A certificate will be 
presented to those 
commended. 

Andrew Derbyshire, chair- 
man of RMJM London and 
one of the assessors, had these 
comments to make about 
what strode him during the 
visits he made: 

• The extent to which com- 
munity enterprise is stimulat- 
ed m the fust instance as a 
response to insensitive, high- 
handed and dogmatic central 
and local government actions; 

• The importance of all the 
various aid schemes in pro- 
viding the essential support to 
voluntary effort which lifts a 
project over the threshold of 
feasibility. The rewarding 
sight ot the great fund of 
selfless generosity of spirit 
which still resides in cur 
community. 

Diaries Douglas Home died 
within six weeks of launching 
the scheme- His successor, 
Charles Wilson, thought it 
would be a fitting tribute to his 
memory to present a special 
award in his name to the most 
outstanding example of com- 
munity enterprise. 

The first Charles Douglas- 
Home Award will be present- 
ed today to the remarkable 
Derry Inner City project, in 
Londonderry, together with a 

cfiMiup fnrfl SniTfnfiirfWilt 



Martin O'Neal working on stained glawy 
for the Derry project 



cheque for£2,500to further its 
work. 

Charles Knevitt 

Architecture Correspondent 


Derry wins 
top award 

The top award in the 1985-86 
Community Enterprise 
Scheme has been giren to the 
Deny Inner Dty Project 

The old dty of Londonder- 
ry, originally bnflt in the 17th 
century and now one of the 
few remaining walled cities in 
Europe, has been subject to 
years of neglect and devasta- 
tion as a result of the troubles. 

In 1981 the North West 
Centre for Learning and De- 
velopment, a gro up con- 
cerned with individual and 
community development, 
initiated the Inner City 
Project to revitalize the dty, 
under the direction of Patrick 


Doherty, a former bnOdiag 
foreman with Wimpey. 

The aim was to create 
employment and exploit the 
tourist potential. A manage- 
ment committee com prising 
representatives from trade, 
professional, religious and 
dvic sections of the commu- 
nity run the project 

Derelict properties have 
been rebuilt using local la- 
bour to create various ameni- 
ties for young people. 

Funding has come from the 
Youth Training Programme 
and Action for Community 
Employment for the labour 
costs; Derry City Council, the 
Irish American Cultural In- 
stitute, the Ireland Fund of 
America and a number of 
other Irish American organi- 
zations, and individuals. 


RIBA 


COI 

ARCI 


IMUNI1Y 


The Royal Institute of British Architects is engaged in a variety of initiatives 
designed to help communities help themselves, to explore inner city problems : 
with a view to finding practical solutions, and in its ‘Decaying Britain Campaign’ 
to draw attention to die deteriorating condition of the public estate and die 
growing backlog of repair caused through progressive under-investment by 
government. Prominent amongst these is C ommunit y Architecture. 

The aim of Community Architecture is to improve the quality of the enviroment 
by involving people in the design and management of the buildings or spaces 
they inhabit. The Architect works closely with the co mmuni ty providing the 
design and organising skills to ensure that it is their ideas that are turned into a 
practical reality. Community Architects are essentially enablers and when a 
scheme is put forward professionally and convincingly it stands a far greater 
chance of success. 

HOW CAN THE RIBA HELP? 

Often the most difficult thing is to get started and to find the money to pay an 
architect to see if your group’s ideas are feasible. This is where the RIBA can 
help. Firsdy,we can advise you of a suitable architect for what you have in mind, 
and secondly we can give small grants to community and voluntary groups which 
will enable them to pay at least part of the expense of employing an architect in 
the vital stages of getting the project off the ground. 

The Community Projects Fund, established by the RIBA’s Community 
Architecture Group in 1982, has helped hundreds of groups, and five of the 
winning schemes in the Community Enterprise Awards 85-86 have benefited 
from a grant. 

For further information about Community Architecture and the Co mmunit y 
Projects Fund contact the Community Architecture Resource Centre at the 
RIBA, 66 Pordand Place, London WIN 4AD or your local RIBA Regional 
Office. 

A 30 minute video about community architecture The Pride Factor’ is available free of charge 
on written request from the Community Architecture Resource Centre in London. Badges and 
car stickers are also available. Publications; Community Architecture: The Story of Lea View 
House, Hackney (Price 95p) and Highfield Hall: A Community Project (Price 12.50) are 
available from the RIBA bookshop in London. 



By The Prince of Wales 


f It has been said, that 
only one thing is nn- 
stoppable in this world: 
an idea whose time has come. 
Community enterprise is, I 
believe, one of those ideas 
which can radically transform 
people's lives for the better. ' 

It does this by encouraging 
them to be independent, to. 
take control over their own 
lives, and to have a pride in 
themselves and their 
neighbourhoods, by creating 
opportunities for selAexpres- 
sion and by putting their 
creative energy to work for 
their own benefit and that of 
others. 

So many of the problems 
that confront us today, wheth- 
er bad housing, unemploy- 
ment. the decline of the 
traditional manufacturing in- 
dustries, or the loss of the 
cohesion of traditional com- 
munities, present an awesome 
challenge, particularly in our 
inner a ties. The scale of the 
task requires a partnership 
between all those who have a 
role to play and a fresh 
approach to ways of making 
things happen. 

The 77mes/Royal Institute 
of British Architects Commu- 
nity Enterprise Awards, which 
1 will be presenting today, are 
a measure and recognition of 
the practical achievements 
which have resulted from 
local initiatives throughout 
the country. 

New places have been creat- 
ed in which people want to 
live, work and play, because 
they have had a personal stake 
in bringing them about They 
have forged new partnerships 
between their community 
groups, professional enablers 
(architects, planners, survey- 
ors and other experts), load 
authorities, private landown- 
ers and the more for-sighted 
financial institutions. 

The winners include several 
housing projects, but also 
small workshops, community 
centres and environmental 
improvements, such as an 
urban firm and urban renewal 
projects. There are new build- 
ings as well as existing budd- 
ings which have been 
refurbished for new uses. All 
of them demonstrate that 
community initiatives can 
lead to “imaginative, viable 
and need-fulfilling" enter- 
prises — the criteria for 
assessment 

Over recent months I have 
visited a number of today's 
successful entries. In Bristol I 
was shown flats built by the 
Zenzele Self-Build Housing 


Association. A nonp of young 
unemployed from the St 
Paul's area were given the 
opportunity to develop work 
experience and useful skills, to 
engender a sense of optimism 
and motivation for the future 
and to provide improved 
housing. Eleven of the twelve 
group members have now 
found full-time employment 
and four have even started 
their own building company. 

Lea View House, in Hack- 
ney, east London, was a run- 
down hard-to-let estate hated 
by its tenants. Community 
architects Hunt Thompson 
Associates were brought in by 
the council to work with the 
tenants. They set up their 
office in one of the flats. 
Talking to the tenants I dis- 
covered that a new sense of 
community spirit has 
blossomed on the estate. 

Vandalism, m uggi ng and 
crime have been virtually 


cities' 


eliminated while communal 
areas remain clean and cared 
for. What was known as 
“Heaven in Hackney" when it 
originally opened in 1939 has 
become “Paradise Regained” 
as a result of community 
enterprise. 

And in the Hade Sykes area 
of Burnley 1 visited Queen 
Street Mill, home of the last 
remaining steam-powered cot- 
ion-weavmg mill in the coun- 
try. It has recently been 
refurbished as a working mu- 
seum with a number of small 
workshop units for crafts and 
textile-related activities which 
should create 100 new jobs. 
Here the local council is 
working with Pennine Heri- 
tage, a charitable voluntary 
organization. 

These three schemes repre- 
sent different methods of ap- 
proach and different types of 
partnership. But they are all 
examples of community enter- 
prise at work, which does give 
a new sense of hope to large 
numbers of people who previ- 
ously could see no way around 
their problems. 

During my visit to America 
last year f was impressed fry 
the approaches adopted there 
to rebuilding the inner cities 
and reviving local democracy 



in the process. They discov- 
ered long ago that bureaucracy 
is the enemy of enterprise, and 
that partnerships based ' on 
trust stand afar higher degree 
of success. It is through en- 
lightened and imaginative 
partnerships between statu- 
tory bodies and enterprising 
individuals that we shad] 
achieve the kind of local 
regeneration that is so badly 
needed. 

The environmental profes- 
sion in this country, supported 
by their institutes will, I hope, 
learn to identify their real 
clients, the users of their work, 
and provide a responsive ser- 
vice. There is a need for them 
to de-mystify their role and 
overcome petty Jealousies and 
rivalries. New standards of 
professional service are re- 
quired, and the most able, 
committed younger members 
of the professions should be 
encouraged by their senior 
colleagues in their task. 

Enterprise, by definition, 
involves risk. So many of the 
schemes I have mentioned 
involve professionals sharing 
the risks of the community 
groups with which they work. 
The results are often 
remarkable. 

Local authorities, too, could 
also, be more supportive. 
Many' of the mistakes of the 
recent past might have been 
avoided bad the local commu- 
nity been involved. Commu- 
nity groups with a genuine 
desire to improve their envi- 
ronment should not be treated 
in the same way as a specula- 
tive developer, experienced in 
working in a hard, commercial 
and often cynical climate. 
They need to be nurtured to 
achieve their objectives. That 
requires a much more relaxed 
and encouraging response. 

Enterprise from the com- 
munity is. 1 believe, the most 
effective way of improving so 
much of our decaying envi- 
ronment Resources have to 
be made available to make 
things happen, and that needs 
managerial and financial, as 
well as building skills, with 
commerce and industry mak- 
ing a social investment which 
wiU repay handsome social 
dividends. 

The Community Enterprise 
Award winners described 
here, selected from nearly 200 
-entries in the first year, are 
living proof that the idea of 
communityinitiative works in 
-practice. I hope they, will ^ 
encourage others to 
have a go, and to enter 
next time. 5 ' * 


The Community Projects Fund supported Plans to establish a low-cost 
residential Study Centre in Bristol. 


The Charles Douglas-Home 
award for the most outstand- 
ing community enterprise 
project: Derry Inner Dty 
Project. Londonderry, North- 
ern Ireland. 

AWARDS (Each receives a pant oT£l.000 
donated tar (be Gulbmkctn Foundauaa): 
Laird School of An Repur Scheme. 
Birkenbod. Menrvnde entered by Laird 
Enterprise Trust Association. . 

Tabernacle Community Centre. Netting 
HilL London W II ; entered by the Taberna- 
cle Community Association. 

Hoxton Sutet Renewal Project. Hackney. 
London Nl; entered by the Hoxtos Trust. 
Tideway Yard. Montake. Lor>don‘SW|4; 
entered by Gillian Harwood and Philip 
Lancashire. 

Ousetmn Warehouse. 'Newcastle upon 
Tyne; entered by Ousebara Warehouse Co- 
operative. 

Calvay Cooperative. Barfanarfc. Glasgow; 
'entered by Calvay Co-operative Ltd. 
Zenzek: SiLBuikt Housing for the Unero- 
ptoyed. Fishponds. Bristol: entered by 
Zcnrete Sdf-B\nld Hdcsjto Asoetaton. 
Cardiff City Farm. Cardiff, entered by 
Cardiff City Firm Trust. 

COMMENDATIONS: 

The Ethcrow Centre. Broadbonotn. Chesh- 
ire: entered by the Erhero* Centre Trust. 
Breadline Project, Penzance. Cornwall; 
entered by Breadline. 

Shepherds Bosh pedes man Bridge 
Redadding. London Wl£ entered by 
Shepherds Bosh Improvement Group; 

The Bedales Barmaid. Bed ales School. 

- Fcteisfiekt Hampshire: entered by Out- 
door Went Department. Bedales ScbooL 
Mi vat Ware*- Ware. Hertfordshire: enured 
by Vi vat Ware Working Piny, 
mmwonh Water Park. Hemswoith. West 
Yorkshire: entered by H e m s w o rt h Town 
CounciL 

The Burnley Mechanics. Burnley. Lanca- 
shire: entered byBumley Borough CounciL 
Frntioa and Walton Heritage Centre. 
Waftoo-OQ-tho-Naze. Essex: entered by the 
Fnnton and Walton Heritage Trust 
-Community Call -In. AshilL Thaford. 
Norfolk: ernerd by Avalon Comer Hous- 
ing Cooperative. 

Lea View House. Hackney. London ES: 
entered by Lea View House Tenants* 
Associate. 

HONOURABLE MENTIONS: 

Sputa! Community KaJL RuttergTen. Glas- 
gow: entered by Spitul Tenant^ Cornmu- 
nily AsjonsJKXL 

The Acorn Venture Urban Farm Commo- 
nly Garden. Kiikby. Mmeysde: entered 
by the Acorn Venture A&ooaboo; 

• Queen Street Mill Project. Burnley. Lanca- 
shire: entered by Burnley Borough Conned 
and Pennine Heritage. 

SborcfieJds Village. Tovieth. Liverpool: 
entered by the fflorefieJds Housing Co - 

FYopoaed Workshop Units. Cowley. Ox- 
fordshire entered by Oxford New Work 
Trent 

Com Street Development. London SE1: 
entered by Coin Street Community 
Builden. _ 

Lei's Build Umehousr Together, umc- 
housc Basin. London E14. entered by 
Liractwusc Devetopmem Group. 

The EWcoian Housing Coppeonvc Vil- 
lage and Vain hall Nature Gardens. 
YauxhaP. Liverpool: entered by (he 
Eldon tan Housing Cooperative and 
Eld on an Comm unity Orpmiaiioc 

■ Community Enterprise ; a 24- 
page illustrated booklet describ- 
ing how local groups are taking 
the initiative in shaping their 
own environment will be pub- 
lished by The Times on July 16. 
U is being sponsored by the 
Gulbenkian Foundation which 
has provided grants of £10.000 
to this year's Community Enter- 
prise Award winners. 

Copies may be obtained by 
sending an I8p stamped ad- 
dressed envelope(9ia by 6Vrin> 
to: Community Enterprise, 
Dept JD1. (be Beacon Press. 33 
Cliflfe High Street, Lewes. East 
Sussex BN7 2AN. 

The A5 booklet is edited by. 
Charles Knevitt. architecture 
correspondent of The Times. 
and will include helpful 
information to community 
groups as well as details fo some 
of this year's Community Enter- 
prise projects. 


McGura Logan 
Duncan & Opfer 

are happy to be associated with the 

Calvay Co-op 
and the 

Avalon Comer Co-op 

and wish them both every success 
with their projects. 



Royal Institute of British Architects 

Clients’ Advisory 
Service 

66 Portland Place, London W 1 N 4 AD 


Your building problem is unique. You need 
an expert working for you. 

A Chartered Architect has the skills and 
experience to make sure that you get the 
building you really need. 

The Clients' Advisory Service of the RIBA 
has details of practices working in the UK 
and abroad and can help you to find the 
right architect for your job. 


Write to the RIBA or telephone 07-580 5533 







* ^e$ 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


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pictures: Bill Warhurst 




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borne the tacoa: Cardiff Gty Farm thrives on a dtsnsed site 


Farming the 
rubbish tip 

Environmental entries for the 
award scheme ranged from 
derelict sites transformed into 
gardens to regeneration of 
neighbourhoods. 

In 1981 the Shoreditch Fes- 
tival. a local group specializ- 
ing in family entertainment, 
decided to do something 
about the dereliction in Hack- 
ney. With the help of Coven t 
Garden Housing Prefects Ar- 
chitects, it prepared a scheme 
for 150-176 H ox ton Street, 
and formed the Hoxton Trust 
The quality and speed with 
which the trust has worked has 
attracted much private com- 
mercial investment 

Cardiff Gty Farm, the first 
urban farm in Wales, was 
started in 1978 by a group of 
local people wanting to re- 
claim and develop derelict 
land. With the help of a local 
architect a suitable site was 
found, a four-acre former 
refuse tip in Grangetown. 






'CfYJimM 




-I***--" '>■•* 

• -i-* .; v-v Vl--.; **&> ■ J*3 


A new look in Hoxton Street, Hackney 


;t oi 

Lb 


The buildings they saved in Mortlake 



— ^ KB 

Warehouses 
to workshops 

In 1978 the people of 
Mortlake, in the London bor- 
ough of Richmond, became 
concerned about the future of a 
group of dilapidated buildings 
die council was proposing to 
demolish. The Mortlake Com- 
munity Association persuaded 
the council to save the bafld- 
iogs, and formulated a detailed 
brief to developers to provide 
workshops and studios for 
start-up firms, housing, a 
youth dub, social facilities, a 
council depot and a riverside 
cafe. The project has come to 
fruition throogh a partnership 
between the architect- 
developers, Gillian Harwood 
and Philip Lancashire, and 
the association. 

Community worker Mike 
Monid bought in 1980 
Onsebarn, a disused whisky 
warehouse is Newcastle upon 
Tyne; 


flliiS AvSICiPaillSili 

ML m ;4r”'. 

’ : -v=. k-,.% ?£ v, it *v :■ : >2 A - 

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On site at the Barianark bousing co-operative in Glasgow 

Tnhl^cc toVf* * ons b ^ ween **» 

JUUlvbo luKv street committee and die 


Jobless take 
the initiative 


Two contrasting approaches 
to the problem of bousing are 
represented by the Calvay Co- 
operative, Barianark, Glas- 
gow, and the Zenzefe Seif- 
Bufld Housing project for the 
unemployed in lbe Fishponds 
area of Bristol “J - 
The Calvay area of 
Barianark is an isolated post- 
war estate with poor transport 
and amenities and high unem- 
ployment. A non-equity shar- 
ing bousing co-operative was 
set up in 1983, after discus- 


council, and a feasibility study 
was commissioned. 

Using the feasibility report, 

• for funding through Glasgow 
District Council to the Scot- . 
tish Development Depart- 
ment Its tenacity paid when, 
after the -original package was 
. rqected, the Scottish Housmg 
Corporation stepped m. 

The. -co-operative is now 
responsible for the repair, 
internal alterations and envi- 
ronmental works ~ involving 
366 flats, comprising eight 
flats per dose in four-storey 
tenement blocks. Construc- 


Buflders, formerly unemployed, on die Bristol project 
lion costs are estimated at £5 by loans are repaid on comple- 
mifiion. Tenants will have a tion of the project from 
large measure of control of individual mortgages, 
their living environment. In feet the project was 

Hie assessors were most entirely self-funding: the Bris- 
impressed by the close co- tol and West Building Society 
operation between Glasgow agreed to provide the mort- 
District Council the steering gages, the National Wesunin- 
committee and its profession- ster Bank agreed to an 
al advisers, McGura Logan unsecured overdraft facility of 
Duncan & Opfer. . £1,000 to get it under way, and 

They said: “The reason this the Department of Heahh and 
project is special is the nature Social Security guaranteed to 
of the problem it deals with, pay the interest on the mort- 
and the power of the solution gage repayments in the event 
for the regeneration of estates of individual members of the 



Crafts replace the distilleries at Onsebarn, Newcastle 




III! Pifl nw 


* < J-,* r+9 ' * 


;a ' **' 1 

" •- \ 

* * 


The Birkenhead teun aiming at a self-supporting centre The Tabernacle, North Kensington: Now it creates jobs 


that only a handful of 
mists could be commit! 
saving.” • - 


group being unable to find 
work by the end of the job. 
Work began on site during 


THOMAS LAURIE ASSOCIATES 

We are pleased to have been involved with 
The Calvay Committee and wish the every 
success in this exciting community project 

Chartered Quantity Surveyors 
Building Cost and Site Development Consultants 
Specialists m Conservation Works 

123 HIGH STREET, GLASGOW G1 1PH. 
TELEPHONE; 041-552 8581/2/3/4. 


The Zenzele project in Bris- May 1984 with occupation in 
tol visited by the Prince of the slimmer of 1985. Twelve 
Wales in Apnl was initiated onobedroom flats have been 
in 1982 by a local JP, Stella provided, with a communal 
Clarice, and a Project Full laundry and garden, at a total 
Employ worker, Tana cost of about £144,000. 
AdebiyL It enabled a group of Eleven of the 12 self-builders 
young unemployed from the have now found full-time 
troubled St Pauls area of the employment and four have 
city to build their own flats. formed their own building 
A committee of advisers company, 
was formed to work with the Copies of the report, pre- 
self-builders, to discuss all die pared by Norman Biddle, the 
issues ranging from program- quantity surveyor who was 
mine and fund-raising to one of the advisers, are avail- 
budding design. Funding was able from I E Syroonds & 
ultimately obtained from the Partners, 29-33 Princess Vio- 
Honsing Corporation, where- toria Street, Clifton, Bristol 


Moving in on 
the unwanted 

Residents of the Conway area 
of Birkenhead undertook a 
survey of the wasted re- 
sources, human and material, 
in their area, with help from 
Nottingham University’s 
Education for Neighbourhood 
Change unit With funding 
from Wirral borough council 
they visited 1,400 households 
and reported on every disused 
building 

After negotiation they se- 
cured Laird School of Art a 
substantial Victorian building 


owned by the council but 
unoccupied for two years. 

The Laird Enterprise Trust 
Association was formed and, 
with the assistance of the 
Town and Country Planning 
Association and the Manpow- 
er Services Commission, a 
Community Programme was 
set up to undertake basic 
repairs and establish a centre 
for small enterprises which 
would cover the cost of over- 
heads and make it financially 
self-supporting. 

The repair work has gone 
ahead, under the supervision 
of a local firm of architects, 
and residents' enterprises are 
moving in. A potter, a school 


furniture repair service, a local 
artist and a sandwich delivery 
service on the “flying buttie 
bike” are already in place. 

The Tabernacle, a grade II 
listed building in North Ken- 
sington. west London, was 
built by an evangelical church 
sect in the nineteenth century. 
Today it stands in an area of 
multiple deprivation, with 
high unemployment, poor 
housing and low incomes. 

The need for a community 
centre was recognised more 
than 20 years ago. In 1980 the 
local council agreed to let out 
the building on licence to an 
independent management 
committee elected by mem- 


bers of the Tabernacle Com- 
munity Association. 

The building now accom- 
modates a youth club, art 
room, gymnasium, cafeteria, 
projection room, and a hall 
used for a creche. 

Its financial security is now 
secured through support from 
the council and charitable 
organisations, supplemented 
by income from bookings, 
events and the bar. Jobs have 
been created and local youths 
are trained with grants from 
the council and the Manpower 
Services Commission, under 
the Tabernacle Painting and 
Decorating Community Pro- 
gramme Scheme: 


Bristol & West 
Building Society 
congratulates the Zenzele 
Self-Build Housing 
Association on their 
award-winning scheme. 


We are proud to have assisted with the success 
of this project, by making mortgage funds available to 
individual members of the association. 

We are always delighted to help home buyers, 
and our mortgage service is fast and friendly. We are 
one of the biggest building societies in the country with 
over 160 branches and 300 agencies, and have ample 
funds available for mortgage applicants.* 


5£way y7 


THE MARSTON GROUP I 

are financing and building U 

the award winning Tideway Yard, Mortlake, tj 

with Richmond Borough Council and the local J 

community, creating Studios and Workshop | 

available July 1986 - a Youth Chib, Parks I 

Department and Social Chib and 18 new flats j 
overlooking the last reach of the boatrace course | 
available 1988. g 

Congratulations to our Architect, Philip L a nc ashi re . J 

Enquiries to Gillian Harwood. s s 

Marston Group 

1 Stephendale Road. Fulham. London SW6 2LU Bigg 

Telephone; 01-736 7133 Telex: 8951994 fOUNdS 

_ — r, n — ..r,,— ,.r 1 8 9 5, 


M. 


The new full-time Professional 
Arts and Entertainment Centre 
for North East Lancashire 
Opening August 1986. 

COME AND SEE FOR YOURSELF 

Free tourist information pack and 
further details from: 

The Borough Recreation Officer, 
Recreation and Leisure Services 
Department, Rossendale Road, 
Burnley, Lancs BB1 1 5DD. 

Telephone: 0282 35411 


MdcmdBank 

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BROAD QUAY, BRISTOL BS99 7AX.TEL: BRISTOL (0272) 294271 . 

■^torigage^jljcarteriiustte 1 8w overand harernortgagosecurify. Written quotations available on application. 


# Midland 


DERRY 

CITY COUNCIL 


congratulates 
the Inner City Trust 
and invites you to visit 
its Historic City 
to see the work of the 
Trust. Come directly, 
using the City ’s air, road 
and rail links and 
enjoy yourselves. 


For further information contact 
TOURIST INFORMATION CENTRE 
Tel: 0504 267284 


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THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 15 1986 


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COURT 

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BUCKINGHAM PALACE 


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June 13: His Excellency Mon- 
sieur Jean-Marie Ewengue was 
received in audJence by The 
Queen and presented the Letters 
of Recall of his predecessor and 
his own Letters of Credence as 
Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary from the 
People’s Republic of Congo to 
the Court of Si James's. 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following member of 
the Embassy, who had die 
honour of being presented to 
Her Majesty: Monsieur Albert 
Ekia (Counsellor). 

Madame Ewengue had the 
honour of being received by The 
Queen. 

Mr Ewen Fergusson (Deputy 
Under-Secretary of Slate for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs), who had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty 
was present, and the Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

Mr J. R. Johnson was re- 
ceived in audience by The 
Queen upon his appointment as 
British High Commissioner to 
the Republic of Kenya. 

Mrs Johnson had the honour 
of being received by Her 
Majesty. 

The Lieutenant-Governor of 
Ontario and Mrs Lincoln 
Alexander had the honour of 
being received by The Queen. 

The Queen this evening at- 
tended the Beating Retreat by 
the Massed Bands of the Royal 
Artillery on the Horse Guards 
Parade, and afterwards attended 
a Reception at the Banqueting 
House, Whitehall 

Lady Susan Hussey and Ma- 
jor Hugh Lindsay were in 
attendance. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, 
Chancellor of the Universfy of 
Cambridge, visited the Univer- 
sity today and conferred Honor- 
ary Degrees. 

His Royal Highness, attended 
by Mr Brian McGrath, later 
returned to Buckingham Palace 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 
Flight. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, Pa- 
tron and Trustee ofThe Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award, this eve- 
ning attended a fund raising 
dinner in aid of the Award, at 
the Leathersellers' Hall, London 
EC3. 

Brigadier Clive Robertson 
was in attendance. 


The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, President of the Save 
the Children Fund, today at- 
tended a luncheon of the Junior 
League of London (President, 
Mrs J. Lawrence) at the Grosve- 
nor House Hotel, London Wl. 

Miss Victoria Legge-Bourke 
was in attendance. 


Whitbread Porter Tun Room. 
Chiswril Street. ECI. 

a Viscountess Gampden and 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard Aylard, RN were in 
attendance. 


The Queen was represented 
by the Lord Somerieyton (Lord 
in Waiting) at the Memorial 
Service for Sir Charles Johnston 
(formerly High Commissioner 
in Canberra) which was held in 
the Crypt Chapd of St Paul's 
Cathedral today. 

The Duke of Edinburgh was 
represented by the Lord 
Sheffield. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 

Phillips (Chief Commandant. 
Women’s Royal Naval Service) 
was represented by Miss D. P. 
Swallow (formerly Director, 
Women's Royal Naval Service) 
at the Memorial Service for 
Dame Jocelyn Woollcombe 
which was held in St Stephen's 
Church. Rochester Row today. 


KENSINGTON PALACE 
June 12: The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon today 
visited Royal Air Force, 
Gutersloh. 

Her Royal Highness, who 

travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
The Lady Gleucouner and Ma- 
jor The Lord Napier and Ettrick. 


CLARENCE HOUSE 
June 12: Queen Elizabeth. The 
Queen Mother was present this 
afternoon at a Garden Party at 
the Chelsea Physic Garden. 

Lady Elizabeth Basset and Sir 
Alasiair Aird were in 
attendance. 

Her Majesty was represented 
bv Sir Martin Gilliat at the 
Memorial Service for Dame 
Jocelyn Woollcombe which was 
held at St Stephen’s Church, 
Rochester Row, today. 


YORK HOUSE 
ST JAMES'S PALACE 
June 12: The Duchess of Kent, 
Patron, today attended a lun- 
cheon in aid of the Sunshine 
Coach Scheme of the Variety 
Club of Great Britain at UMIST 
and later, as Patron, opened the 
new Outpatient Department of 
the Christie Hospital, 
Mach ester. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Mrs Alan Henderson. 

The Duke of Kent was repre- 
sented by Sir Antony Adand at 
the Memorial Service for Sir 
Charles Johnston which was 
held at the Crypt Chapel of Si 
Paul's Cathedral today. 


KENSINGTON PALACE 
June 12; The Prince of Wales, 
President, Business in the 
Community, this morning at- 
tended a meeting of the Black 
Economic Development Unit 
and later attended a Board 
meeting of Business in the 
Community at the Offices of 
IBM (UK), 76 Upper Ground, 
SE1. 

Mr David Roycroft and Mr 
Rupert Fairfax were in 
attendance. 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent, International Council of 
the United World Colleges, this 
evening attended a Reception 
and Dinner given by the Chair- 
man of the United World 
Colleges International Board at 
the Athenaeum Gub, Pall Mall, 
SWI. 

Sir John RiddelL Bt was in 
attendance. 

The Princess of Wales this 
evening presented the prizes for 
the Whitbread Round the 
World Yacht Race at the 


THATCHED HOUSE LODGE 
June 12: Princess Alexandra, 
Vice-Patron of the Young 
Women's Christian Association 
of Great Britain, to mark the 
Centenary of the Hull YWCA 
this afternoon visited Haugbton 
House at Princess Avenue, HulL 
Humberside. 

As Patron of the People’s 
Dispensary for Sick Animals, 
Her Royal Highness sub- 
sequently visited the PDSA 
Animal Treatment Centre at 20, 
Brunswick Avenue, HulL 

Princess Alexandra later 
opened the Community Centre 
at Hedon, Humberside. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 

S u ten's Flight, was attended by 
re Peter Afia. 

Princess Alexandra and the 
Hon Angus Ogjivy were repre- 
sented by Major Peter Garke at 
the Memorial Service for Sir 
Charles Johnston which was 
held in the Gypt Chapel of St 
Paul's Cathedral today. 


The Dowager Marchioness of 
Cholmondeiey regrets being un- 
able to be present at the me- 
morial service for Dame Jocelyn 
Woollcombe held yesterday. 


Luncheons 


HM Government 
Mr Tim Eggar, Parliamentary 
Under-Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, was host yesterday at a 
'luncheon held at Admiralty 
House in honour of M Moumin 
Bahdon Fatah, Minister of For- 
eign Affairs and Co-operation of 

- Djibouti. — 

Board of Deputies of British 
Jews 

The Apostolic Pro-Nuncio was 
entertained at luncheon yes- 
terday at Woburn House by Dr 
Lionel Kopelowitz, President of 
the Board of Deputies of British 
Jews, and the honorary officers. 
Sir Sigmund Sternberg was host. 
Among the guests were: the 
Ambassador of Israel, the Hon 
G revine Jaxuier, QC, MP, the 
Chief Rabbi, Mr Chaim 
Bermant and Rabbi Hugo Gryn. 


Lecture 


PHAB 

The annual Sir John Keswick 
memorial lecture was delivered 
by Mr Jing Shuping, in aid of 
PHAB (Physically Handicapped 
and Able Bodied), at the Royal 
Institution of Great Britain 
yesterday. Among those present 
were: 


The Chinese Ambassador and Mm 

XJe Heng. (he Earl and Co no t m of 

DaUceiih. Viscount and viscountess 
BUkenham. Lord and Lady Eden of 

Win Ion. Mr Edward Heath. MP. Mr 

Barney Haytme. MP. Lady Alexandra 

Melcaife. the Hod Nicholas Soames. 
MP. Dame Diana Reader Harris. Lady 
Keswick. Mr Henry Keswick. Mr 
diaries Jendcs ana Mrs Keswick 

jfencks. Mbs Mfllie Yung. Mine Shen 

Ruoyun. Mr Dang Zhuile, Prince andi 


Princess George G a Hi rin g and Mr and 
- " WUsoo- 


Mrs David 


Latest wills 


Mr Harry William Payne, of 
Hitdbin, Hertfordshire, left es- 
tate valued at £5,077,034 net. 


Birthdays today 


Major Sir Ralph Anstruther, 65: 
Mr Alan Civil, 58; Mr David 
Cuny, MEP, 42; Professor Inga- 
Siina Ewbank. 54; Sir Geoffrey 
Finsberg, MP, 60; Sir Maxwell 
Harper Gow, 68; Mr G. R. 
Howell, 48; Lord Hylton, 54; Mr 
Tom King. MP, 53; Mr Mal- 
colm McDowell, 43; Sir Peter 
Marychurch, 59; Sir Francis 
Pearson, 75; Dr Barbara Reyn- 
olds, 72; Colonel Sir John 
Ruggles-Brise, 78; Dr B. Scho- 
field, 90, Mr Peter Scudamore, 
28; Sr Henry Studholme,#?; 
Mrs Mary Whitefaouse, 76. 


Forthcoming marriages 


Lord Michael Cedi 
and Mbs CJ. Scott 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, youngest son 
of the Marquess ana Mar- 
chioness of Salisbury, of Hat- 
held House, Hertfordshire, and 
Camilla, younger daughter of 
the late Mr and Mis Richard 
SootL 


Mr SJ*. Greener 
and MissSJ. Best 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs: John Greener, of 
Kernel Hempstead, Hertford- 
shire. and Susan, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Christopher Best, of 
Almondsbury, BnstoL ■ 


Mr LK. Taylor 
and Mbs 5JX Hall 
The; engagement is. announced 
between Lee, son ofMraadMrs 
ICS. Taylor, of Ilford. Essol 
and Sarah, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs JAJD. Hafl. of True Blue 
Farm, Kinsham, Tewkesbury, 


Mr Adams 
and Miss JUL Campbell 
The engagement is announced, 
and the marriage will take place 
in Malmesbury Abbey on Au- 
gust 23, between Michael Stuart, 
son of Mr and Mrs R. Adams of 
Bellevue, Washington, United 
States, and Brigit Rose Camp- 
bell, of 9 Rad bourse Road, 


London, SWI 2, younger daugh- 
ter of Canon and Mrs Norman 
Campbell 


DrSJ. O'Connor 
and Dr SJL John; 

The engagement is announced 
between Scott Joseph, son of the 
late Mr Joseph O’Connor and 
Mrs Jean O’Connor, of Duluth, 
Minnesota, and Susan 
Rhiannon, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Wyn John, of Lake Elmo, 
Minnesota, for merly of 
Amersham. The marriage wfl] 
take place, .on September 6, in 
Minnesota. 


Marriages 


M AjCJL Cuissart de Grtfle 


Kesier 

and Sedorita C Montero 

Parriance 

The engagement is announced 
between Alain, third son of 
Mine Evelyn Cuissart de GreBe 
Rosier, of Brussels, Belgium, 
and the late Commandant 
Georges Cuissart de GreBe 
Rogier, and Cecilia, youngest 
daughter of Seftor Alejandro , 
Montero Guzman and Senora 
Anne-Sharon Pnrvjance de 
Montero. of Santiago, Chile. 


Mr C. Robots Grimsey 
and Mbs ELM. White 
The engagement is announced 
between .Charles Roberts 
Grimsey, of Ewefl, Surrey and 
Helen White, of Scotland and 
the North. 


Mr PJXS. Edwards 
and Dr S.V. Howard 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, son of Mr and 
Mis Warwick Edwards, of Bur- 
ton Joyce, Nottingham, and 
Susannah, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Tw. Howard, of 
Lough ton, Essex. 


Mr M. Robertson 
and Miss L-A. Skinner 
The engagement is announced 
between Maximilian, younger 
spn of Commander and Mrs 
GA. Robertson, of Langport, 
Somerset, and Lesley Alison, 
younger daughter of Mayor and 
Mrs J.L. Skinner, of 
Manningford Boh tin e, 
Wiltshire. 


Mr HXUEL EBetson 
and Miss FJVL Ferguson 
A marriage has been arranged 
between Harold Daniel Hope, 
elder son of the late Daniel 
Hope EUetson and Mrs Stetson, 
of Parrox Half PreesaU, Lan- 
cashire and Fiona Margaret, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs lan 
Ferguson, of Dtisseldort West 
Germany, and Gams Graben, 
Frohnleiien, Austria. 


Mr RLE. Slater 

and MDe V. Guilkmafai d’Echon 
The engagement is announced 
between Rogier Earnshaw, only 
son of Mr and Mrs Edward 
Staler, of 7, Parkview Vale, 
GuDdford, Surrey, and Valerie, 
eldest daughter of M and Mme 
R£gis GuiUemain d'Echon, of 7, 
roe Bixio, Paris. 


Lieutenant N-SJF. Speller, RN, 
and Miss CX. PDkiugtoa 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Briga- 
dier, and Mis N.I.B. Speller, of 
Cblyton, Devon, and Caroline, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs D.W. 
Pilkmgion, of Pad worth Com- 
mon, Berkshire. 


Mr NX. Fuller 
and Miss GC McKane 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel Charles, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs H.C. Fuller, of 
Staines, Middlesex, and Chris- 
tina Cochrane, younger daugh- 
ter of Professor and Mia W. 
McKane, of St Andrews, Fife. 


Mr MS. Suker 
and Miss CJL Arnold 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel, son of Mr and 
Mrs Peter Spicer, of 


Mrs Peter Spicer, ol 
Rickmansworth. Hertfordshire, 
and Charlotte, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Jonathan Arnold, of 
ivwm Snvgt, Buckinghamshire 


Mr R- Painter 
and Mbs J. Mcaservy 
The marriage toofc_place on 
1 Saturday, June 7, 1986, at the 
Church of St Mmy.tbe Vum 
UHenbafl, Warwickshire of Mr 
Richard Painter, ektest son of 
Mr and Mrs John Painter, of 
Bindham, Sussex, and Miss Jo- 
anna Messeryy, elder daughter 
of Sir Godfrey - and Lady 
Messervy. of Ullenball, 
Warwickshire. The Rev Peter 

Bennett officiated' [ . 

The bride- was given. in mar- 
riage by her fomer and was 
attended by Miss - Laura 
Haycock. 

A reception was- htfd at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon win be spent 
abroad. 

DrGJL Curran 
and Miss RJ. Smith . 

The marriage took . place on 
Saturday, June 7, at AH Saints* 
Parish Church, Hoole, Chester, 
between Dr Gaiy James Curran, 
only son of Mr and Mrt William 
G. Curran, of Rncfc Ferry, 
Birkenhead, Merseyside, and 
Miss Heather Jane Smith, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Donald 
A. Smith, of Hazetdon. Chester, 
Cheshire The Rev B.C Reeve 
officiated. 

• The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Deborah Jack 
and Mr Grant Smith. Mr. Keith 
Jamieson was best man. - 

The reception was held in 
Chester, ana the honeymoon is 
being spent on the Continent. 
Mr AX. Ayres 

aoid Miss TJL Playk-MMeO 
The marriage took place on May 
24, 1986, at the parish church of 
St Dunstan and AD Saints, 
Stepney Green, between Mr 
Adrian Leslie Ayres, youngest 
sou of the late Mr Hany Ayres 
and of Mrs Dorothy Ayres, of 
Gravesend, and Miss Tanya 
Louise Playfo-MitcheH, only 
daughter of Mr and ' Mrs Chris- 
topher Playlc-MitcbelL of Cor- 
rody, Tholt-y-Will, Me of Man. 
Mr J. Staff 

and Miss C. Seymom-Smith 
The marriage took place on 
Thursday, June 12, in. London, 
of Mr Jonathan Sieff and Miss 
Candy Seymour-Smith. 


Times director 
honoured 


Appointments 


Latest appointments indude: 
Mr P. D. Fanner and Mr J. R. 
Whitley to be circuit judges on 
the Western Circuit. 


Sir Edward Pickering, executive 
vice-chairman of Tunes News- 
papers Ltd, has won the 
Commonwealth Press Union's 
1986 Astor Award, hs highest 
honour. 

The CPU said the award was 
in recognition of Sir Edward's 
services to the Commonwealth's 
press and to journalism, and his 
contribution in forging ties and 
understanding within the 
Commonwealth. 


Downside School 


Entrance scholarshi p s and ex- 
hibitions have been awarded, in 
order ofmerit as follows: * 


R P Ahern (Cottesmore School). H 
W H Alton (Oratory Preparatory). 
(Downside). D J Norrkt (Backfast 
Abbey School). J R S Newman 
[PI unlast House).. UnstnanentaD. M J 


B Cross (WbuerfoM House). JR 6 
I linked House). (Choral). I 


Newnwn (P!i . . 

R B Crass (WUitarfold House). C A 
Carlyle Johnstone (St John's Beau- 
mont). TV E Hansom (FUmkett 
House). (Choral). IDT Breen CSt 
Bede's. Blstilon HaU). MPA 
ChtendetU CS John*. Beaumont). 
iChoran. A J Eke (Plunked House). 


Memorial services 


Dame Jocelyn Woollcojnbe 
Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother was represented by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Martin 
Gilliat and Princess Anne by 
Commandant D.P. Swallow at a 
service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Dame Jocelyn 
Woollcombe at St Stephen’s, . 
Rochester Row yesterday. 

The Ven Noil Jones, Chap- 
lain of the Fleet and Archdeacon 
for the Royal Navy, officiated 
and gave an address, assistcd.by 
the Rev Richard Chartres and 
the Rev Edward Thompsop. 
Commandant MJL Fletcher, 
Director WRNS, read the 
bidding. 

■The lessons were read by Mr 
Peter Woollcombe ■ and Com- 
mandant Dame .Marion. 
KettieweU, President of the 
Association of Wrens. Chief 
Officer P. Shaw, Senior Officer, 
WRNR, and Wren D: Turford 
led the prayers. Others present 
included: 

Mni Peter 
Cop] 


Stockton, OM, and Lord and 
Lady Home of the HirseJ at- 
tended. Others present 
included: 


Sir James and Lady. WhUaher 
(brother -In-taw and Sister). Mrs GUI 
Cameron feteter). Mrs Robin Jotmsum 
Wertntawi. Prince , and Princess 

Baomion (bro«heris4aw and sister. 

In-law). Mrs ^evhen Johnston. Mr 
and Mrs Nefl cunurtng." Mr Malcolm 
Johnston. -Mr'and Mb CHvMi J ohn- 1 
sten. Mr Andrew Johnston. IM 
Joanna Scran on. muk ..Amanda 
ScruUon. Mr and Mrs David Price. Mr 

and Mrs Jack WhlUkw-. Mr Alastair 


Cameron. Mr Ooraon Jones, WtWam 

Stevenson 


and Heather Price. iMc-Uy-fl 

and 

COteMngH 


The Spanish Ambassador. Qw Dep- 

uty High Co m miss io ner for ' Australia, 
the Duchess of Portland.. Maraaratl 

Duchess of ArgvIL the East o c 
Drogheda, the Earl of BeaBb orough-i 
Countess FUzweuam. . VBeoutf and 
Vbcountess Camrmt Lady Rupert 
NeviiL Marshal of 0>o "RAF Lord 
Elworthy. - Lord and. Lady Anmuvl 
Lady Adaa ne . Lord and- Lady IWfe.l 

Harrow. Lord H en nl ker . Lord 
Thornaycron, CH. and Lady 
Ttiomay croft. Lord O'Brien of 
Lothbuy. the Dowager Lady Hesketh. 
Lady Gora-Booth. Sir M HaUuck. 
Lady Lettk» AsMey-Ooopcn the Hon 


A_ V Ham. M )Mi JMsi Gtjig 


Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 




ACT 

1 

5 • 
8 

9 

10 
11 
12 
14 
17 


KHT8S, MARRIAGES, 
DEATHS aod H MEMQMAM 
ft a Gw + T« VAT 

(imnnnam 3 lines) 


Amwuaocniciiis. ambcnucaicd by the 
name and pcmtancni address or ibc 
sender, may be seal Kx 


THE TIMES 
PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
Loadon El 


or ukphonod (by tctophooc suIk- 
cibcn only) lo: Ot-UI MM 


Announcement? can be received by 
teleph on e between 9.06am and 
5. 30pm Monday lo Friday, on Satur- 
day bciwccn y.OOam and 12 noon. 


(01-481 4M0 AM. BorpuWicatnn the 
knowing day phone by I JOpm. 


FBBTBCWm HA88WGES, HHIIHKGS 

etc on Coon and Social FaicCB a Eaa 
+ 1H VAT. 


romt and Social Page announce- 
ments can not be accepted by 
telephone. Enquiries la 11422 9B3 
(after IDJOunL or send la 

l IW i tftei SOMt, loota El. 


There t» none akv (her. o lord, lo 
we^ htep 

» O LORD our God. Mr an thee w 
rely 

2 ChtDoldcs l*. is fN .r.wj 


19 

22 

24 


BIRTHS 


25 

26 


ASHMAN On June inti. 1986. to 
Diana Into Packman) and Rusty- a 
daughter, and sister, for ottvia and 
Francesca. 


27 

28 


BANKS On June 9th ai Redhm. to 
Andrea and lam. a soil David Robert 
Lloyd. 


DC 

2 

3 

4 


BCAhEL On June 8th to David and 
Anna (nee Btackmyj a daughter. 
Amy Francesca. 


DUNCAN On Jane 11th lo Fiona (nte 
Grafton) and Andrew a son. Fergus, 
a brother lor Alexander 


SC 

AC 

At 

m 

D< 

a» 

be 


FLOYD - On 6th June 1986 at Kings 
. College Hospital. London to Rosalind 
. and Chrtsioorwr. a (uugmer. AUce. a 
sister its- Hannah and Edward. 


HADUEY - To isabeUe (n*e ESseuegger) 
. and Erik a bay. Cedric Tobias, on 
Monday. 9th Juno 1986 at 1989 
■ hours. 


HAU, On June 6Ui in New York Coy 
■ io Mary Lou ente MuDen) and Nldw 
. * las a daughter. Charlotte Vaughan. 


On 9th June, to Andrea 
tiwo Hypti] and PHlin. a daughter 


IwaIEWMB N B UR TON ■ On junedUi 
• io Brenda and Richard, a son. 
■ (WDttam) Roger, a brother for Sarah 
- and Edward. 


MA1XT - On 28th May to Lilyan Me 
- Herrera) and Mark, a sou. BannlMifl 
• Wyndham. 


-HARLAND - On 12th June to Penny 
• Me .Lamb) and Jonathan, a son 
■ Marais. 


-SHEPHERD On 90i June to Marline 
Me Rousseau) and VtftUlani. a 
' - daughter. NatbaUe Janet Odette. 


•»WBB On 8th June at WttMnaUB 
■ HoopfiaL Manchester to JanMe 
Kttshaw) ant Mcfc. a son. Jonathan 
Mark, a brother lor ChrtaooiKr 


MARRIAGES 


FRAnjc LOVEYS On 12th June 
1986. quietly at SL Mann Church. 
Yanton. Simon Fraser o( Worthing to 
Ann Loveys of Barnham. Now both 
at Engtebourne. Barn ha m. West 
Sussex. 


B1SSET; HA YES Mr D Hayes and Mss 
M H BlsaeL The marndge took place 
on May 23rd at PoOockshMds 
Church. Mr David Hayes, eider son 
of Squadron Leader and Mrs D.T.C. 
Hayes, of Biggin HUL Kent and Mss 
Margaret BtsseL 2nd daughter of Mr 
and Mrs L Bissct ol Glasgow 


DEATHS 


BATES - Sidney Henry James. Dearly 
beloved husband of Frieda and te- 
ther of Jimmy and Lynda: peacefully 
In a London hospital on June 12th. 

B EHRMANN - On June 7th. 1986 
passed outedy away in hospital. 
Leslie Benjamin Behrmann B.CL 
(Oxon) of 5 Manor Owe. Skhnouth. 
Devon. Cremation look place 
privately 


BRITTAM On 1001 June at home. 
Rosemary Nora, much loved mother 
of Charles. Funeral at Farndnoton 
Church. Tuesday 17th June at 230 
pm. Flowers lo Norman Trntman & 
Hughes. NorthieacJi. Qol 


BUNNS Peter Michael. HML DES. Re- 
tired of BrownshUI House. Stroud. 
Gtos. peacefully on June 10th. Much 
loved husband, father of 14. and 
grandfather of 12. Family RmeraL 
Memorial Mass al the CathoUc 
Church. Beeches Green. Sttuod on 
Saturday. 2 1st June all 0.30 am. No 
(lowers. Donations to Tmvey Abbey 
c/o Philip Ford & Sons. Funeral Df- 
rectors LhL Dtrfeton House. Stroud. 
Ctos. 


BURROW Professor Thomas MJL. 
PhD.. FBA (Professor of Sanskrit 
hi the University of Oxford) Emeritus 
Fdlow of Baillot. Suddenly on 8th 
June 1986 aged 76 years. Funeral 
Service ai SL Mary's Church. 
KldUngton on Monday. 16th June at 
2.30 pm. foDowed by In terme n t at 
KkUington Burial Ground. Enquiries 
to Reeves ft Pam. 288 Abingdon 
Road. Oxford. 

CMATTERBE - On I Oth June 1986. 
Robin Of F. CO. /EEC Brussels, 
peacefully at home In Wimbledon. 
Pequlern Maas at Sacred Heart 
Church. Edgchin. Wimbledon, on 
Tuesday. 17th. ICflO am. 

CWLO On tith of June 1986. Be- 
atrice Elizabeth, aged 91 years, 
widow or Aj.atnd, at tomb 
L eigh. Sherborne. Private 
eremadan. Please no dowers or do- 
nations by her request 

COBB On June 9th. peacefully tn 
hospital. - Gerald Cobb. L.V.O.. 
FSA. aged 86. Funeral service 
Tuesday. June 17th at St LeonanTs 
Church. Streatbam. 12 noon, 
followed by cremation. Flowers lo 
Maxwell Brothers. 536 &reatham 
High Rd. London. SW16 

DONOVAN - On 10th June. 1986at Ms 
home. John Walter, tn Ms 83rd year 
Dearty betovni husband of Molly, 
loving rather of Susan and Ian and 
grandfather of theta- Children. Funer- 
al Service at Lodge HUt Crematorium 
(Birmingham) on Tuesday. 17th 
June at ioo pm. Family flowers 
mdy gtease. Donations. If desired. In 
the EX.LH A. 

EWBANK ■ On June 1001. 1966. JaUa. 
un6e Bartley) Dearly loved wife of 
Michael and mother of Phtnp. 
Richard. David and Joanna. Ftnmal 
service «n Tuesday. iTlh June at 
2^0 p.m. « SL Banhoiomew*s 
CM»aL Ugh. steer Refaafe. Flowers 
may be mt to Shertode ft sons. 
Trams House. Dorking. 


FAKCUNMR On June 11th 1986. 
peacefully In hort t al. CM John 
Fakdough OBC. Royal Horae ArttK 
lay . aged 70 yeara. Very toving and 
dearly loved husband of Mullne (Sal- 
ly), father or PauL David. Madeline 
and CUve and grandfeOier to 13. Fu- 
neral service at SL Mary's Church. 
Steeple Ashton. Trowbridge. Wilt- 
shire on Moodoy. June 16th at 2JS 
pm. No Bowers please but d on a t ions 
If desired to The Royal Brush Le- 
gion. Steeple Ashton Brandi, c/o the 
Hon Treasurer. OM C hrm fl a . 

Ashton. 


BARBELL - On June 9th. peacefully. 
Wiurtd Pearse GandeQ CAE . . 
Captain R.N. (reTd) of Hayes War- 
ren. SUnfOld. Hokum, In bis 100th 
year. Husband of the late L i l i an , 
much loved father, gra ndf a the r and 
great-grandfather. Funeral Service 
at SUnfold Church on Monday. June 
16 th al 2.00 pm Followed by 
bon. Family Bowers only please. 


HODGSON. On June lllh at Royal 
United Hospital Bath. Rana Mac- 
Leod. beloved mother of ten and 
David and loved bv her four grand- 
children. Funeral service at St 
Barnabas Church. Queen Camel. 
YeoviL on Wednesday June 18th al 
2£0ptn. Flowers to FW Jones ft 
Sons. 30 Market Place. Chippenham. 
Tel: 652626. 


HUGHES On June 6th. 1986 Fanny 
Louisa Minnie Prudence. n«nhw 
of Fanny Louisa Mary and Henzy 
Hughes. Funeral Service at Monlake 
Creraatorimn on Tuesday. June 17th 
at ! 2 ikkml Flowers and enqubieslo 
J. H. Kenyon. 49 Marfoes Road. Lon- 
don wa Tet Ol 957 0757. 


JOHNSON AJf.O. Suddenly In 
Roysten on 11th June 1986. beloved 
husband of Kathleen and a much 
loved father and grandfather. Family 
dowers only please. Funeral ar- 
rangements later. All enoutatee to S. 
Newung ft Son. Funeral Dtredors. 
tel. Royston (0763) 42575. 


UDWTWAN - George Henry CJLEL on 
n in June In bospUaL aged 78. Dear 
husband of Ftorrle. lather of 
Margaret and Gordon, grandfather 
and great-grandfather. Former 
President of the T.U.C. and lifelong 
Unitarian. Cm w atton at Croydon 
Crematorium on Tuesday. 17th June 
at 4pm. No Bowers by requesL 
Donations. If desired, to The British 
Heart Foundation. Memorial service 
to be held later 


MARSHALL Sir Hugo On 10th June, 
suddenly at MurhflJ House. Umdev 
Skate near Ba t h, aged 81 .Funeral on 
Monday. 16th June at 2-30 pm at 
Wlnaley Parish Church. Family 
flowen only 


MCKERRELL-BROWH - On June 
10th. 1986 at her home in 
PeaaenhaD. Suffolk Helen, widow of 
Captain McKctTeD-Brown. Funeral 
Service at Ipswich Crematorium. 
North Chapel on Wednesday. June 
18th at 1046 am. FamCy flowers 
only 


NUNN Maude On May 31SL 1 986 aged 
82. widow of AUtett Edward Nunn. 
Passed away at her hone in 
Bcrfcnamsted. 


OWEN * On June 10th. 1986. passed 
peacefully away. Margaret Elizabeth 
m£e May) aged 103 years of Padeiy. 
Kings Nympton. Devon. Daughter ol 
the late William Price Owen of 
. Ealing and Watertown. Funeral 
Service m Kings Nympton Parish 
Church on Thursday. June 19 th al 
2.00 pm. Interment at South Melton 
Cemetery Family Bowen only but 
donations. If desired, far Ez-Servtces 
Mental Welfare Society at the 
Church or to FL N. (nadonoe ft 
Sons. Funeral Dtrectora of 1 16 East 
Street, South Motion. North Sevan. 


parmmmn on l2ffl June. Anna 
Hunter aged 83. peacefully in a Has- 
tings Nursing Horae. 


PROCTER On 10th June 1986. sud- 
denly but pwircfn lly in hospltBL 
Frank Procter OB£- MA. aged 86 
years. Dearly loved father of John. 
Dorothy and Janet Funeral Service 
and aumatton at the Mid-Warwick- 
shire Crematorium. Oakley Wood. 
Leamington Spa on Tuesday. lTDt 
June at 12 noon. Family flowers 
only please but donations. If desired, 
to Cteverdon Benefice Housing Asso- 
ciation Ltd. Goose GTOen. Station 
Road. Ctaverdon. Warwick or Ma- 
sonic Charities. Memorial Service at 
AH Salats Church. Prestun Bagot 
near Henley In Arden on Friday. 
27th June at 11-30 am. 

ROBSON - John Stephen, an June 8th 
after a long Illness. Former Senior 
Master al Arnold House Prep SchooL 
Funeral at 1.00 p-ro. an Monday. 
16th June at SL Mary Magdalene. 
Holloway Road. N7. Flowers to A. El 
Bragg. 88 Mackenzie Road. N7 

ROLSE Peacefully on loth June 1986. 
Horac e George Rotse Bsc CChen. 
FRSC. FPS. (Formally of Rtngwood. 
Hants) Much loved husband of Wini- 
fred and Father of Michael and 
Diana. Service at Poole Crematori- 
um or Tuesday 17th June at Ham. 
Family flowers only Mease tail If de- 
sired donations for the MacMOIan- 
Cancer Trust may be sent to George 
Scott ft Son OFD) Ud. 13/16 Somer- 
set Road. Bourmnotnh. Teh 0202 
3S82 7 

SHRBHFKM - On 10th June. 1986. 
peacefully at Chilton House, near 
Aylesbury. Robert Dudley. Dearest 
father of Daphne, much loved 
stepfather of Wendy and a loving 
grandfather, great-grandfatho' and 
falher-taFlaw Funeral at - Oxford 
Crematorium on Tuesday. 17th Jane 
at 2.45 pjn. Family flowers only 
please. Donations. If desired, to 
Oxford Kidney unit Fund. Church IH 
HospUaL Oxford. 

WHEATLY - On 12Bl June 1986. 
peacefully aX home. Patrick, aged 77 
years. Was much loved and wfl] be 
sadly missed by his wife. Doris, son 
and daughter-in-law. Richard and 
Sue. and grand-daughter. Sophie. 
Service and committal win be held In 
West Herts Crematorium on Thurs- 
day. 19th Junt al 12 noon. FUratiy 
flowers only please. Donations In 
memory may be gent to The Marie 
Curie Fo un d atio n. 28 Betgrave 
Square. London SWIX 8QG. Ah on- 
Qtdrles to C H Hempsan ft Son. tet 
0923 26309. 

WILLIAMS - On June 9th. peacefully. 
Gtanfrwd Owen. Mourned by Ms 
wife Lillie. For many years a leading 
political cartoonist: mere recently 
associated with Ms work In the 
Hook of. Commons. Enquiries to' 
Patrick Ryan. Funeral Directors 
01-667 1664. 


■■■BHWooUconlie. MU* J 
Coppenralh. Mr and Mrs J 
WooDcombe. Miss C WooUcombe. Mr 
and Mrs R BlaOde. Major and Mre W 
Tee. Mr and Mrs M BatdwtavJMtesJ 
Bowen. Die Rev R Stark. M MaHte 


(Chairman. London Library) with _ 
Douglas Matthews Oibrnrtan); the Hon 
Mia Bridge, (he Hon. Mrs David 
Mootego. 


Lady d'Avfgdte'QoMHitid; Sir An- 


thony Nutting. Sir Demaof-and Lady 
de Trafford. sir “ ' ' 


■i Seymour Egertoo.Sk- 


Mrs A turtle. Mra v Malar and 


Mrs H rouge. Mbs C . „ . 
Mark Han-Cook. Mr and Mrs 
Jones. 

The Right Rev George 
mm Wilton (rei 


„ . Mrs 
Uoyd- 


Anlony PasL^lr Davto^UdderdUe, 


Sr John 

Edward and the Hon Lady 
Archibald and Lady Ross. 


Str 


John Wilton (representing The 
Trust). Vice-Admiral ar Ronald 
Brockman. Dame Margaret Drum- 
mond. Lady Hubback. Dune Felicity 
Peake. C omman dant Dame Nancy 
Robertson. Dame Rosemary Murray. 
Rear-Admtni) B T Brown rdlrector- 
generaL Personal Swtces. also 

representing. me -First Sea Lord and 

the Second Sea Lord). Mbs Nancy 
Thompson (chairman, WRNS Benevo- 
lent Trust). Mrs B N Howell (GUI 
Guides County Oommlsstoner. Devon) 
with mss® E Anderson and Mbs j 
Dbtey: COnunamtant Mary TWboL 
Commandant vonla McBride. Mrs E' 
Baring. Mrs P K Wall and many 
scrvmg and former members cri me 


■■John I 

and Lady Margaret Cdvffle 5f Jotei 
and Lady Corason. Lady BUUmd. Sr 
MlchariRaDlser. LaSftJobn) Ro»fi!L| 
Sir Harold BeeUy. Sr RoMn-HooperJ 
Sir Julian Rl3«iale. MP. and Lady 
RWsdale. Lady Le GalMs. Sir Nigel 
and Lady Fisher. Sir RoOeitCrictiton- 
Brown. Lady Bsvusa. John 

Moreton. Lady Hutton. Sfr Pa ul and 
Lady WrlghL Sir Stewart .Crawtort. 
Lady Bowker. Sir John and Lady 


Pilcher. Str DavM HUdyanL Motor-. 

ban ana. 


Str Roban aha u Lady 
e. sir AtamCampbelL U*dy 
Lady (Arihte) jtSmns. «r 
Roderick 
Crasthwane. 

Patrick Redly 


LVttJ usv 


MEMORIAL SERVICES 


SEVAN A Service of Thanksgiving lor 
lheUfeorO.J.V Bevanwilfbeheid 
In ^lrewsbury School Chape! at 
Xl IS am on Sunday- 2M Junk. 

WMCKWORTH - A Memorial Reoidem 
for John Peter winckwortb win be 
DNd at SL Matthew's. Great Peter 
Street Loudon SWI on Monday. 
23rd June at 11 JO aum. 


IN MEMORIAM - PRIVATE 


M. W P SIX March 1921 - 
13th June 1962 tn everta attn g mem- 
ory of tmf bktoved Mtohati - Parnate. 

HARLE In evertovlng memory of 
Csrola SyM Maty who died on June 
13th 1971 Jimmy 

HOOLET Terah Franldtn Remonbered ■ 
with love. ragfciaBy today Jane X3th 
TheO. 

LUDWIG H. King of Bavaria. 13th 
June. 1886. In remcmtiranca. May 
he rest in Mace. 

WEHfflt Profeasor J. S. Weiner Dk 
F.R-CJP Remembering with tova. 
ottoHt Joe who b always in our 
thoughts. Mariorie. Julia and 
Edmond. 


Sir Charles Johnstoa 
The Queen was represented by 
Lord Somerieyton and the Duke 
of Edinburgh by Lord Sherfidd 
at a service of thanksgiving for 
the life of Sir Charles Johnston 
held yesterday in the Crypt 
Chapel of St Paul's Cathedral. 

The Duke of Kent was repre- 
sented by Sir Anthony Adand, 
Prince Michael of Kent by 
Colonel Michael Firmer, and 
Princess Alexandra and the Hon 
Angus Ogflvy by Major Peter 
Clarke. - •- 

The Dean officiated, assisted 
by the Rev Philip Buckler and 
the Rev Michael Beck- Sr 
Fitzroy Maclean and the Arch- 
deacon of London read- the 
lessons. Visoount De LTsle,. VC . 
gave an address. The Secretary 
of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs was 
represented by Mr John White- 
head, also representing the Dip- 
lomatic Service. The -Earl of 


Major peter and Lady, ptoabefb 
CHdfleM. Mra David ..Broca.- Mr vane 
Ivanovtc. Mr and Mrs Douglas Fair- 



Profumo. Mr Jobn HughieJatm. Mr 
Smiley. | 


H V Hodeon. Col il— R— ■ 
Mr Brian Coteman. Mr Peter Lalng^ 
Ucmmant-Cotonet H c Han bury. Mra 
Jobn Barry Ryan. Pfflr AlwnfR- 


Mator-OeneraiJD LunL Mr Atoetalr 
Forbes. Mme Oertrude win Major R 


Rivers: Bum^ey.^M^^J 


Toynbee HaiD. ■ 

NeU McLeojv Mr Darid 
Mr Alan Pryc^Joneo.a 
snweu. Mr ftoter Qaesj 
Funer. Mr Max rm 
Mra I F S VtooemJ 
Brooke, Pitnce and! 

JotinM 

and Mi TMtama Woift 



MrEJCJF. Cada^nn;. 

A memorial service for NfrErik. 
C a l l a gh an was held yesterday at 
St Margaret’s, Westminster. 
Canon Trevor Beeson officiated 
and gave an address, assisted by 
Canon James ManseL Mr Pat- 
rick Connack. MP, . and Mrs 
Christine Cole read the: lessons 
and the Right Rev E.C. Knapp- 
Fish er pronounced thebles^ng. 


Dinners 


Speaker 

The Speaker and Mrs Weaxherill 
gave a dinner yesterday evening 
m Speaker's Rouse. The “guests 
were: . - 


Mr .DavM AUdiuen. MP. 

AjMiuon. Dr Rhodes Bo 
Mrs Bayson. Mr Frank < 

Mrs Ccvnfc. Mr Jack C 

arifl Mre" Dormand. Sir 

caraiwrioc. bm. and Lady cardner. 
Mr Ian Grist. MP. and Mrs (gtsL Mr 
tfcrvld HeaUKoai-Ammy,. MP. - and 
Mrs. Hcnmcoat-Amary. Dr Mark 


Mayoress, accompanied try the 
Sheriffs and their ladies, were 
present, at the Chartered 
Surveyors’ Company's ladies 
summer dinner at thfc Mansion 
House last night: The Master 
and Mis Luff presided and 
received the guests, wftfa the 
Senior and Junior Wardens and 
their ladies. Mr John Heddk, 
MP. also spoke. Among those 

present were: 


OBITUARY 


MR GEORGE LOWTHIAN 


Stalwart leadership of 
building trade workers 



Mr Gaiige Lowtiriaru CBE. 
General' Secretary of the. 
Amalgamated Union ofBmld- 
ing Trade Workers fiom 1951 
to I973.died oa June 11 aihe 
ageof TS. . 

The usually raild-tTKtn- 
nered, quietly spoken 
Lowihian, a numuativejBpe- 
smoker, was fajown to show 
flashes of flame belligerence 
on his own account .■ ■ 

His unicb sdU remembers 
his short, bulky figure storm- 
ing up the Llandudno confer- 
ence hafl and forcibly 

a protesting Trotskyist intrud- 
er out of the door. . 

George Henry Lowthian 
was bom in Cdrhsic bn Jmw- 
ary30. 1908. Both hisgrandfo- 
thers and his fluher were 
stonemasons and his father, 
Ernest, was one. , of the 
founders of the Carlisle 
branch of the Social Demo- 
cratic Federation. 

Lowtfaian himself was ap-. - 
prenticed to i he trade of 
bricklayer at the age of 16 and 
joined the local branch of the 
union when he was 20. 

He became in turn brand) 
secretary, district .secretary, 
divisional secretary and. Anal- 
ly, general secretary of the 
union in 1951 at the early age 
of 42. 

That same year he was 
elected to the TUC General 
Council* serving on it until 
1973. 

He was a moderate and 
usually took his union with 
him in support of the offical 
leadership at the Trades 
Union Congress and the annu- 
al conference of the Labour 
Party. 

A reliable and persistent 
rather than spectacular onion . 
leader, he quickly emerged as 
one of the movements alert - 
heavyweights; 

He won the respect of ft How 
trade unionists and employers - 
by his p rogressive approach to 
some of the industry’s biggest 
contemporary problems. 

With dogged strength, be 
hewed at the roots of exclusive 
craft unionism from within. 



action 


i fif -to 






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e 

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pressing fbr rfrorter a^jren- 
fireships, fewer demarration 
roles and greater co^wmion 
between unions. 

At the conference table his 
realism could take on a sod- 
den decisiveness which n- 
duced his o pp o nents to awed 


M HENRI MICHEL 


A friend writes: ' 

M Henri Midrcl, whose 
death you noticed briefly on 
June 9, was' the leading au- 
thority on - the history of 
French wartime resistance 
and a figure of world emi- 
nence in scholarship, as wefl 
as a Commander in the Legion 
of Honour. 

He organised, and for many 
years presided over, the inter- 
national committee oa : the 
History of die Second World 
War, and was the-' founder- 
editor of the Revue i fHistoire 
de la Deuxihne Guerre " 
Mondiale. the best learned' 
journal on the subject 
He edited a useful collection 
of monographs called Esprit 
de la Resistance, and wrote 
nearly a score of works, rang- 
ing from popular accounts of 
the clandestine- movements in 
occupied Europe to an 800- - 
page doctoral thesis on Bench 
resistance philosophy. 


- : During f$he war- he was 
leaching *at Toulon, and 
■ played an unobtrusive part in 
an - intdfigeace . circuit He 
often said herowed his life to 
the Royal Air Force, which 
delayed a train he was in; 
when he reached his secret 
rendezvous, late, he spotted 
that Gestapo agents were col- 
lecting round it, and went 
elsewhere. 


He was a careful, patient 
scholar, modest in manner, 
thorough in research and lim- 
pid in expression. 

He leaves a widow, -two 
sons, and a daughter. 


MR RAYMOND COWERN 


.Mr Raymond Teague 
Cowem, RA, who . died on 
June 8 at the age, of 72, was, to 
employ a cricketing term, a 
first-class all-rounder as a 
painter, etcher and' 
draughtsman. 

Born, in: Birmingham on 
July 12, 1913, he went to King 
Edward's Grammar School 
there, and subsequently stud- 
ied art at Birmingham Central 
School of Art and at the Royal 
College of Art' in London 
where be -won a travelling 
schohffship-. 

He used this on work with 
the Sakkarah^ Expedition of" 
the Oriental Institute of Chi- 
cago and then spent two years 
in Italy, from 1937 to 1939, as 
Rome Scholar in Engraving. 

In 1940 he was commis- 
sioned by the Pilgrim Trust on 
their Scheme for Recording 
Britain but, from then until 
1946, he sored in the Army, 
in the infantry, in the Intelli- 
gence Corps and on 
camouflage. 

On his return to civilian life, 
he worked oh mural paintings 
and undertook part-time 
teaching but, from 1930, took ‘ 
up a full time appointment at 
Brighton College of Art and 
Crafts where, in 1958, he 
became Principal during its 
rebuilding and the develop- 


ment of new degree courses. 

. Finally, 'be was, from 1970 
until his retirement in 1974, 
the associate director and 
dean of the faculty of art and 
design at Brighton 
Polytechnic 

Throughout his career, 
Cowem painted and engraved 
the local scene wherever he 
found himself - in France, 
Italy, Egypt, Greece, and par- 
ticularly in Britain, at Cam- 
bridge, Norwich, Brighton and 
elsewhere in Sussex, ra Hamp- 
shire, Dorset, Wales and u 
Cumberiand. 

He exhibited about 150 of 
these scenes at the Royal 
Academy from 1932 until his 
death, was elected an Asso- 
ciate in 1957 and a Royal 
Academician in 196&. 

He was also a member of 
the Royal Society of . Painters 
in Water Colours, the Royal 
Society of Painter-Etchers and 
of the -Royal West of England 
Academy. 

Correction 


The television series, The 
Life and Times of - Lord 
Mpuittbatten, was produced 
and directed for ITV by Mr 
Peter Motley, and not for the 
BBC by Mr Richard Cawston, 
as stated in our obituary of the 
latter on June 11. 


The Recorder at London. 

Idem of 




Mbldn, the President of the Royal 


Patrick - 


Montgomery. 

and Mrs S _... 

TjKmwon MP. Cyril TownsaxL 
MP. and Mra Townsend. MarHuTor 
fee RAF Sir John and Lady Grandy. 
the Worn Rev Michael aatlMrs Mann 
iM Mr and Mra Alan Loved, 



minster! 

Murvfty. toe . 

and Carpon tors*- 

ladies, the Master of the. I 
Company, the City Marshal 
Rev. Basil Watson. . 


CoBUNoowealtii Press UnioB 
Mr Norman Tebbit, MP, was 
the principal guest and speaker 
at the annual dinner of the 
Commonwealth Press ' Union 
bcid last night at Stationers* 
HalL Viscount Rothermere, 
president. Viscountess 
Rothermere, Mr Lyle Tumbafl, 
chairman of (he council, and 
Mrs Turnbull received . the 
guests. Among those present 
woe: 

Lord .and Ufly Anfwtdk. Lady 
Bjntetetei. su-. toward and Lady 

EggaE auanm- 

g»«iow trar and Nnww Makers' 
Oonawnr and Mrs Ttndia; 


Quitered Sumyors’ Contpany 
The -lord. .Maymp aM-Luay- 


European- Atiantic Groop 
The . European-Atlamic Group 
held a. meeting yesterday' at the 
House of Commons, sponsored 
by Sir Antony Buck-QC, MP. A 
dinner was held afterwards at 
the St Ermin's Hotel io honour 
of Mr Michael Jopling, Minister 
of Stale for - Amcolture, Fish- 
eries and Food. The chairman of 
the meeting, was. Lord Chaifont 
and the chairman of the dinner 
.was Lord Layton. Among those 
present were: 

Lond Bfinfcs. M'PtiflUoo B4tny. Mr 

Ainaiy MP- Judith 'Coonless of 
LjdowtL. . vtocoant ■ N a n g 
Aiamgn. toe- Hon Henry 
*ry. Sir P«« - iwsfimssB, -j 

EBBXt&tiGwBr*- 


Locifer GoUbw Society - - - 
Sir Archibald Forbes presided at 
• the fiftieth annual dinner of the 
Lucifer Golfing Society for 

Overseas Golfers for the 
Commonwealth held last night 
at the Savoy HotdL The Hon 
George Younger, Secretaiy of 
State for Defence, Mr Derek 
Fox, captain of the society, and 
Mr John Befarcnd also spoke. 
Others present included vis- 
count Whitdaw, CH, Sir Robert 
Armstrong and the Captains of 
the Royal Wimbledon, Royal St 


Duncan Bluck,' Chairman of (he ’ 
British. Tourist Authority and 
English Tourist Board. 

The dinner, which was in aid of 
the Hotel and Catering Benevo- 
lent Association, was attended 
by .repre se ntatives or central and 
local government and the tour- 
ism industry. 

Royal Automobile CIab 
Mr Jeffrey Rose, Chairman of 
the RAC presided at the sixth 
annual chairman's dinner held 
at the-. Pall MaQ clubhouse in 
London last night. 



British Tourist Authority 
A testimonial dinner was held 
yesterday evening ai tbe- Con- 
naught Rooms to honour Mr 
Leonard Lickerish. Director 
General of the Briosh Tourist - 
Authority, who retires in August 
after 40 years withthe'BTA. Mr 
Leslie Jackson. Joint Manag ing 
Director - of the Connaught 
Rooms and Overtons, presided 
and the toast to Mr Lickerish 
was proposed by Lord Fury.' 
The . other speakers were Mr 
David TriPpier,; Minister 
responsible, for tourism. Lord 
Ponsouby of . Shuibrede, Lo rd 
Montagu ' of Beaufietr ang Mr 


Ball 


The Duchess of Gloucester was 
present at the Computer In- 
dustry Charity Ball, in aid of the 
. Association lor Spina Bifida and 
Hydrocephalus, which was held 
on Wednesday, June 11, 1986, 
at the Hilton hotel. The ball was 
sponsored by Datasolve Ltd in 

Conjunction with Computer 
■Weekly and Amdahl UK Ltd, 
Theenests iOduded Mr and Mrs 
Michael Agpel, Mr Robih and 
.Lady Jean Mackenzie, Mr and 
Mrs Brian Oakley -and Mrs 
■Claire Rayner.’ ' ' 









^ % i , 

.- r 

* \ 


.Vi • TV ’ 1 ** ' 


acmncscncc. . . 

Lowthian served on the 
Industrial Training Councfl 
from its inception and was its 
chairman from 1960-62. He 
was also a^ director ofRemploy 
and a part-time member of the 
British - Transport Docks 
Bomd from l%3-77. 

He was dtainoaBjof the 
board of director of the 
Industrial Training Service 
since 1565. :. -. 

In many ways Lowthian 
was the epitome of stolid, 
nineteenth century non-con- 
fonmsm. With his members* 
interests at heart, he seldom 
opposed progress, welcoming 
anythh%.that took the jifc out 
of work. 

He was a Unitarian and a 
firm believer in the virtues of 
Temperance: His . particular 
interests were industiiaL tram- 
iag, safety and healtit 

He was a . witty raconteur 
with a quiet sense ofhumour. 
his only vices, if vices they 
were, being smoking, a love of 
cards, and photography. 


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His two-volume survey of 
the war.a^inst -Nazism ap- 
peared in English as a single 
volume. The. Second World 
War (1975); so did hi& Hie 
ShadavrWar ( 1972). anadmi- 
.rabte account of. the armed 
and jHOpaganda underground 
struggle. 






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THE TIMES FRIDAY .TUNE 13 1986 

THE ARTS 


ssh; 


s* :■ ; « 

• fii'i 






Television 


Cinema 


Mixed 
U reaction 


Media &D- 00 I from ' the 
Chernobyl disaster caiaed 
down last night with The 
- Manta* Factor (Thames), TV 
Eye s report 00 the dodgy state 
of Britain's ageing nuclear 
reactors. Originally due for a 
thorough check-up after 20 
years’ service, more than one 
of the 18 first-generation sta- 
tions is showing signs of 
haring exc eede d its sbetHife 

or at least half-life. Mean- 
while, in MassotinTs brave 
new town of Latina, concern is 
hetag voiced over the health of 
a coeval reactor exported from 
Britain, and there are dark 
allegations that the Govern- 
ment is exerting pressure on 
the Italians to stick with ft. 

One of the problems of the 
anti -nuclear lobby is that 
these power stations, ngfy 
though they are, resemble 
anything but the apocalyptic 
furnaces of their worst appre- 
hensions. Tim stock library 
sbotofSel/aiieid, for example, 
features sheep safely gr aying 
in the foreground: the implied 
threat of irradiated lamb 
chops tends to get lost in the 
tranquillity of the scene: Palm- 
er instead of Blake. 

In the shadow of this men- 
ace, we can but keep our 
fingers crossed -- or wear 
green uoderclotbes,orwitatev- 
er It is we do to placate the 
Fates moor supposedly scepti- 
cal age. Before he faces the 
footlights, the actor Derek 
Jacobi taps his nose 25 times 
— a rather bizarre admission 
freely offered to Susan Cros- 
land in the first part of her 
essay on the contemporary 
state of superstition. Praise 
God (BBC2). Scepticism was 
represented by John Morti- 
mer (“Mozart doesn't crop up 
very much”, he remarked drily 
of the average seance), while 
the case for the Unknown was 
put by a medium who claims 
among other things to be “a 
walking TV set” in touch with 
a Peruvian seer. 

Making her television db> 
bnt, Mrs Crosland wisely let 
her subjects speak for them- 
selves but showed little sign of 
grasping the true richness of 
her material, particularly in 
her uneasy flirting with the 
notion of predestination. The 
real essence of tbe occult, of 
course, is that you see it what 
you believe it. 


Subverting the 
conventions in 
tough realism 


Martin Chopper 

Concerts 

Genuine 

gifts 

Nash Ensemble 

Wigmore Hall 

The contemporary composing 
scene is of course knee-deep in 
propaganda, to tbe extent that 
it is both a pleasure and a 
relief when a much-vaunted 
individual's work really is as 
good as the attendant publici- 
ty makes it out to be. First 
impressions suggest that Si- 
mon Holt's Condones, pre- 
miered in this concert, are 
something yet better than that 
- brilliantly conceived even 
by his own standards, and 
technically a class apart from 
most of bis contemporaries. 
Simple enough, really: there is 
no substitute for talent 
Tbe three songs continue 
Holt's preoccupation with the 
poetic world pf Federico Gar- 


P61ice(15) 

Lmni£re; Renoir 

A Woman or Two. 
(15) 

Cannon Tottenham 
Court Road 

Static (15) 

Electric Screen 

Compromising 
Positions (15) 

Plaza 

Black Moon Rising 

(18) 

ABC Edgware Road 

Lord of the Dance/ 

Erendira 

ICA 


Maurice Pialat's Police was made 
with a large budget (by French 
standards) and a lot or publicized 
acrimony. The conflict between 
Pialat famous -for his distaste for 
actors.’ and his female star Sophie 
Marceau was enthusiastically re- 
ported by the Press, and no doubt 
gives the colouring- to Marceau’s 
guarded. . belligerent performance. 
Relations with the scriptwriter 
Catherine Breillat deteriorated to 
the point of litigation after Pialat 
railed in new writers and eventual- 
ly, it seems, improvised tbe scenario 
and the dialogue from day to day. 

Schism is in the character of the 
film itself. The substance of the 
story is the stock-in-trade of every 
police film — the idea that police 
and criminals are creatures of tbe 
same mould, separated^ if at all. by 
quite artificial social barriers. Ge- 
rard Depardieu (who seems to have 
worked amicably with Pialat an 
Police though their quarrels during 
the making of Ltotldu. were notori- 


ous) plays the kind of tough Parisian 
cop who gets blood on his shirt 
when interrogating suspects. None- 
theless he moyes easily amongst the 
Arab underworld which represents 
his principal quarry, cheerfully 
sleeps with tbe local whores and 
dines with the bent criminal defence 
lawyer. 

The development of an unlikely 
romance betwen the cop and the 
. mistress of an Algerian drug-dealer 
— it is tbe woman's resistance to 
interrogation that first arouses his 
interest — is equally conventional. 
Pialat however subverts the con- 
ventions by the densely atmospher- 
ic realism with which he presents 
the milieux. Tbe police station is a 
messy labyrinth whose denizens 
sustain .a macho bonhomie and 
polite incuriosity about one ano- 
ther's irregular methods of investi- 
gation. The Arab ghetto is a place 
enclosed in its own secrets, rites and 
loyalties. The two worlds have it in 
common that truth is rarely discov- 
ered and never expected. 

The hero's romance is inevitably 
doomed by the chronic mendacity 
of the milieu and in particular of the 
young woman, played by Sophie 
Marceau. Gerard Depardieu man- 
ages to transcend the familiar 
conventions of the relationship and 
the character - the tough confi- 
dence which fells away bit by bit to 
expose the private loneliness and 
doubt. He has an easy skill as well as 
a massive screen presence, and is as 
compelling in the sadistic jollity of 
his professional activity as in the 
twitchy nerviness of his attempts to 
love. Pialat would have served him 
better. though with a more purpose- 
ful scenario: after the muscular, 
neo-documentary first half of the 
film, it wanders fatally towards the 
enfo ‘ 

Even Depardieu's efforts cannot 
redeem A Woman or Two, a 
muddled comedy conceived and 
directed by Daniel Vigne, who last 
worked with the actor on a very 
different project. The Return of 
Martin Guerre. The premise is 
reasonably promising: Depardieu is 
a dedicated palaeontologist who 
excavates tbe remains of the earliest - 
known. Frenchwoman. His affec- 
tions are thereafter torn three ways, 
between this prehistoric Venus,' his • 
mistress and a tricky American 
advertising executive (Sigourney 




Easy skill, massive screen presence, compulsion in sadistic jollity: Gerard Depardieu as Mangin 
and Sophie Marceau foil of guarded belligerence as Nona in Police 


Weaver) whom he mistakes for the 
head of a beneficent American 
research foundation. 

Vigne's script goes chasing off in 
all directions, introducing new char- 
acters and new plot-twists which are 
never followed up. Even a useful 
comic character like the irascible 
midget lady who is the real founda- 
tion head (played by Dr Ruth 
Wertheimer) is taken up and 
dropped as casually and inconse- 
quentially as some farcical business 
with a circus elephant. 

It is wearisome in a way that 
Static, for all its errors, is not. Even 
though it tends to shift direction 
and tone disconcertingly, this 
strange little feble marks a very 
promising debut for its 26-year-old 
director and writer Mark Romanek. 

Keith Gordon, who also collabo- 
rated on the script, plays a mild 
young man who works in a religious 
requisites factory and collects the 
malformed reject crucifixes 10 hang 
on his wall. He has been working on 
a special Television antenna intend- 
ed to receive transmissions from 
Heaven, ever since his parents went 
there after a car crash. His disap- 
pointment at finding that be is the 
only one who can perceive the 
heavenly transmissions — everyone 
else sees only siatic — leads to a 
iragi-farcical ending involving the 
hijacking of a busload of senior 
citizens. Meagre resources, thin 
anion and slow pace are offset by 
Romanek’s invention and whimsi- 
cal vision of life in an Arizona 
desert small town. 

Hollywood has a remarkable 
capacity for squandering millions 


on scripts that must have looked 
hopeless from the start. Frank 
Perry's Compromising Positions is 
adapted from her own novel by 
Susan Isaacs, who is far too fond of 
dialogue, h sets an elaborate murder 
mystery in a society of bored 
suburban wives (the victim is a 
demist wiih wandering eye and 
hands) but does it at the level of 
Mabel the Girl Detective, with 
Susan Sarandon popping her eyes as 
the amateur sleuth. Raul Julia's 
embarrassed performance as the 
real detective does nothing to save 
the film from its own silliness. 

It is more surprising to find John 
Carpenter a party to the idiotic 
script of Black Moon Rising, direct- 
ed by Harley CokJiss. The entangled 
plot has Tommy Lee Jones as a 
government-employed industrial 
private eye. variously embattled 
with police, rival agents and a 
massive car-stealing corporation 
operating from catacombs in a 
tower block. The narrative pivot is 
the opposition of high tech to high 
tech, which turns out to be remark- 
ably ineffectual in dramatic terms: it 
is devastaiinglv unthrilling to watch 
each piece of electronic magic 
monotonously countered by the 
next. 

On Saturdays and Sundays dur- 
ing the next two months the ICA is 
presenting lunchtime screenings of 
Richard Kohn's documentary Lord 
of tbe Dance, which records the 
annual Mani-Rimdu ritual and 
dance-drama in a Tibetan Buddhist 
monastery on the slopes of Everest. 
Allowing for the restraints of con- 
densing three weeks of preparation 


and ceremonial into a two-hour 
film, it is a thorough, painstaking 
and reverent record. Though its 
primary interest is likely to be for 
ethnographers and students of exot- 
ic dance, this glimpse of the gentle, 
self-absorbed society, so distant 
from our own, has a mesmeric 
fesrinaton. 

The regular evening shows at the 
ICA have Erendira, in which the 
expatriate Brazilian director Ruy 
Guerra makes a bold attempt to 
bring to the screen the characteristic 
“magic realism” of the Nobel Prize- 
winning writer Gabriel Garcia 
Marquez, From the start intended 
for the screen, the story eventually 
became the Innocent Erendira epi- 
sode of Marquez's noted multi-part 
novel 100 Years of Solitude. . 

The orphan Erendira (Claudia 
Ohana), enslaved by her monstrous 
old grandmother (Irene Papas), 
accidentally bums down the house. 
Grandmother philosophically de- 
cides that Erendira must submit 
herself to lifelong prositution in 
order to pay for tbe damage. The 
beautiful and passive child proves 
magnificently successful at the job, 
until the day young LMysses comes 
along io save her from Granny's evil 
spell. While each individual reader 
must decide whether Guerra's vi- 
sions are equal to Marquez's, the 
film does create its own integral 
world of tangible irreality, with the 
invaluable contribution of Irene 
Papas's grotesque old witch and the 
archetypal innocents of Claudia 
Ohana and Oliver Wehe. 

David Robinson 


Rock 

Frankie Miller 

Half Moon, Putney 

With the best will in the world 
it could hardly be said that 
Frankie Miller is an original 
talent, and his erratic history 
of successes, near-misses and 
outright failures stems largely 
from his questionable judge- 
ment in writing and arranging 
suitable material to perform. 
Of his talent as a traditional 
heavy rock vocalist there can 
be no' doubt, but Seventies hits 
like "Be Good to Yourself" 
and “Darlin 1 ” proved too 
tasteful for the Metal audi- 
ence. while his style as a 
performer has been too heavy 
and unfashionable for the 
mainstream rock market. 

The heavyweight band be- 
hind him, Phil Taylor (former 
Motorhead drummer), Brian 
Robertson (former Thin Lizzy 
guitarist) and Chrissie Stewart 
(former Graham Bonnet bass- 
ist). wasted no time in faying 
into a rock-steady mid-tempo 
riff while Miller came on, 
rolled up his sleeves and 
settled down to the evening's 
business. The riff turned out 
to be "Take Me to the River”, 
an Al Green song popularized 
by Talking Heads, but which 
ended up. like all the pieces in 
the set, sounding like a slightly 
modernized Free song. 

Indeed Miller's voice, dic- 
tion and phrasing were so 
uncannily like that of Free's 
erstwhile vocalist Paul Rod- 
gers, and the music was so 
consistently of the same un- 
hurried muscular thrust that 
typified Free's performances, 
that one almost began to 
wonder when they would start 
playing “All Right Now” and 
have done with it. 

But gradually numbers like 
“I'd Lie to You for Your 
Love” and the somewhat 
boastful “Thai's How Long 
My Love Is” pulled the perfor- 
mance into a more jaunty rock 
'n' roll idiom. Stewart played 
his bass with dependable 
cheer, as Robertson chucked 
out cocky guitar solos and' 
Taylor kept his head down. 
Miller towelled himself after 
each song as if he had just 
emerged from a shower, and, 
as the temperature and vol- 
ume rose by dizzying degrees, 
the crowd shuffled with in- 
creasing animation on the 
sticky carpet. 

It was great pub rock enter- 
tainment, but one wondered 
how long Miller and musi- 
cians like these can afford to 
play this kind of venue. 

David Sinclair 


■cia Lorca; thosecoqdisoqe of 
Utrca’s ballad-like- lextSi its" 
. vivid afluavp imagery similar 
to that of the anonymous first- 
and thud onesl Holt's music 
-for all three is remarkable for 
its penetrating sharpness of 
focus — the contrast between 
violent, convulsive bursts of 
activity and answering mo- 
ments of frozen Stillness is . 
extreme, disturbing and (in 
this sense anyway) authentic 
cally Spanish. 

The Lorca setting itself fea- 
tures a spellbinding range of 
ideas, such asadialoguein its 
recurring refrain .between the 
mezzo-soprano soloist (here 
Linda Hirst) and the “cabal- 
Hto negro” tbe little black 
horse of Lorca's poem, per- 
sonified by an elaborate part 
for solo viola (Roger Chase). - 
The Nadi Ensemble played 
with their usual flair under 
Lionel Friend’s direction. 

Not that the rest of the 
evening was exactly short on 
substance. Tbe evocative 
sounds of George Crumb's 
Vox Balaenae for flute, oeik> 
and piano (derived — most 
beautifully — from the under- 
• water “singing” of the hump- 


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"MARVEROUS« ATTIMES ONE WANTS TO APPLAUD" 


.back whale) "were offset by the 
chiselled outllnesof Copland’s 
Kano Variations,' .winch- Ian 
Brown shadedjii With some 
nonchalantly' Superb playing. 
Samuel Barter's Dover Beach 
for voice and string quartet 
made a sophisticated contrast 
with the inspired craziness of 
Charles Ives's Piano Tria 

Malcolm Hayes 

LMP/Glover 
Elizabeth Hall 

Edging her way, as sbeput it in 
the programme, into- a more 
recent repertory for the Lon- 
don Mozart Players, Jane 
Glover teamed their epony- 
mous composer, with Britten, 
and reminded us how startling 
the latter was at the age of 19 
in his Sinfonietta, Op L A 
student work it was, but not 
the kind that plays itself by 
any m eans, and the originality 
of thought that went into it 
was reflected in the keenly 
poised performance of tingle 
wind instruments and strings. 

It followed- Heather Har- 
per’s tinging of Les Illumina- 
tions in the only soprano 
account of. these Rimbaud 
settings, that I have beard 
capture -their elusive spirit. 
The ecstatic line-drawing of 
“Marine”, the wealth of par-- 
lahdo character in “Parade” 
and tbe beautifolfy soft octave 
drop at the jend of “Phrase” 
were randomly noted tokens 
of Miss Harper’s sensibility to 
words and muse, making her 
recent appointment as direc- 


tor of. tinging -studies at the 
Britten-Pears School . more 
tbanjwdcome. 

She also sang two Mozart 
-arias with that feeliug’for style 
and brightness of tone' which 
characterized so many long- 
remembered performances 
before she retired from the 
opera stage. If neither was 
quite as passionately ex- 
pressed as it might.once have 
been, the voice itself is still 
very much in bloom, and 
commanded every bit of the 
respect of which the words 
themselves spoke in “Alma 
grande” K578. 

Miss Glover tailored re- 
sponsive instrumental ensem- 
ble to match the singer for 
both composers, and left her 
five string principals and two 
horn-players to their own 
devices in Mozart's F major 
Divertimento, K247. More 
could have been made of the 
varied character in the open- 
ing movement, and the florid 
violin line in tbe Adagio 
needed a lift, but the overall 
elegance became spiked with a 
likeable dash of impudence io 
the finale. . 

Noel Goodwin 

• Dance Theatre of Harlem 
returns to London for a two- 
week season at the Coliseum 
b eginnin g on July -1. The 
programmes show foe compa- 
ny in a variety of choreograph- 
ic styles ranging from the 
classical Giselle to the erotic 
spectacle of Banda, based on 
the story of the voodoo deity 
Baron Samedi. 


Theatre 


Donato Coopar 


Alert exhilaration 


THE LONDON* ORIGINAL * PRINT FAIR 

~~ AT THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF ARTS^ 


Oaiiv Mail 


A Chorus of 
Disapproval 

Lyric 


At the National Theatre last 
August and now in this su- 
perbly recast production, Alan 
Ayckbourn’s play supplies one 
of those precious occasions 
■rhea theatre-going ceases to 
be a passive occupation. 

From its opening — with the 
English theatre's most cele- 
brated finale — through every 
laceraiingly comic manoeuvre 
relating the private lives of a 
Yorkshire amateur opera 
group to the plot of The 
Beggar's Opera, the piece . 
keeps you in a state of alert 
exhilaration. Attention con- 
stantly shifts between the lives 
of the characters and the 
wizardry of the structure, and 
between jokes at the expense 
of these affluent citizens pass- 
ing themselves off as tarts and 
highwaymen and the beauty 
they create whenever they 
launch into Gay's songs. 

To a rare degree even for 
this author the effect depends 
largely on a sense that the 
whole thing may collapse at 
any moment: particularly in 
the case of the central charac- 
ter, Guy. a total nonentity, 
paralyzed with shyness, who 


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nevertheless makes it through 
the operatic ranks to the star 
role and picks up an offstage 
Polly and Lucy. 

One point about Guy is that 
he is a white sheet on which 
the other characters inscribe 
their own fantasies. As Jim 
Norton plays him. despile his 
gauche mackintosbed figure 
and primly closed knees, he 
does carry a sense of secretive- 
ness which could be mistaken 
for supressed passion or 
knowledge of some vital busi- 
ness information. 

His real secret is that he 
longs to act. and here Mr 
Norton bursts marvellously 
out of his shell. The cramped 
stance and curate's smile give 
way to the rash self-display of 
someone who has been mak- 
ing feces in the mirror all his 
life. And it is one sad message 
of the play that, however be 
may develop from crude pan- 
tomime to swashbuckling ele- 
gance, mastery of the stage is 
no guarantee against humilia- 
tion and disaster in private 
life. 

He is wonderfully partnered 
by Colin Blakely as the group’s 
Welsh director, first seen 
breaking into Guy's audition 
with a song he cannot resist 
tinging himself It is a case of 
paralysis meeting impetuous 
spontaneity, and Blakely plays 
it with volcanic emotional 
range, sinking to his knees in 
mock-Roman suicides at 
times of despair, bellowing 
abuse at the company before 
showering them with paternal 
affection; but, outside this 
theatrical obsession, a guile- 
less innocent who responds 
with utter bewilderment to 
finding himself stabbed in the 
back. Polly Hemingway, Da- 
vid Cardy and Moira Red- 
mond are conspicuous among 
a company whom Ayckbourn 
has directed with a comic 
precision that brings even the 
props to life. 

Irving Wardle 


John Mortimer 
interviews 
Graham Greene 
in this week’s 





mi 

m 


Bursting marvellously out of his shell: Jim Norton as the 
paralyzmgly shy Guy, with Pippa Guard 


m 






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20 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


Heroin charge 
after death of 


Channon girl 


By Craig Seton 


Sebastian Guinness, a 
member of the brewing and 
banking family, appeared be- 
fore Oxford Magistrates yes- 
terday charged with supplving 
heroin to Miss Olivia 
Channon. aged 22. daughter of 
Mr Paul Channon. Secretary 
of State for Trade and Indus- 
try. She was found dead on 
Wednesday. 


a student of St Peter’s College, 
Oxford, was charged with 
possessing amphetamine 
sulphate. 

None of the three defen- 
dants spoke in court. They 
were represented by solicitors 
who each asked for bail. 


Mr Guinness, aged 22, of 
Hereford Square, Kensington, 
son of Mr Johnathan 
Guinness, a director of Arthur 
Guinness the brewers and 
former chairman of the Mon- 
day Club, appeared in court 
with two Oxford University 
students. One of them. Miss 
Rose Johnston, aged 22. was 
also charged with supplying 
Miss Channon with 
diamorphine, or heroin. 


Mrs Patricia Bereker, chair- 
man of the bench, released Mr 
Guinness on bail until July 24 
on condition that two sureties 
of £5.000 each were produced; 
that his passport was surren- 
dered within 48 hours and that 
he lived with his parents at 
Osbaston Hall in 
Leicestershire. 


Miss Channon a student of 
St Hilda’s College. Oxford, 
was found dead in an 
undergraduate's study at 
Christ Church College at 8am 
on Wednesday, following a 
party on Tuesday night to 
celebrate the completion of 
modern history final 
examinations. 


Miss Johnston was released 
on similar bail conditions and 
on condition that she lived 
with her mother, Mrs Susan 
Johnston, a writer, at 
Sbellingford House, 
Faringdon, Oxfordshire. 

Mr Vincent was granted bail 
on condition that one surety 
of £500 was produced and that 
he lived at an address in 
Bristol 


Mr Guinness feces two 
charges of supplying 
diamorphine, or heroin — a 
class A controlled drug under 
the Misuse of Drugs Act 
1971 — both to Miss Channon 
and Miss Johnston between 


May I and Tuesday June 10 in 
tfo 


Oxford. 


He was additionally charged 
with possessing heroin on 
June 10 in Oxford and pos- 
sessing cocaine in Oxford 
between January 1 and June 
10 . 


Miss Johnston, of Doyley 
Road. Oxford, a student at 
Manchester College. Oxford, 
was accused of supplying Miss 
Channon with heroin between 
June 4 and June 8 in Oxford 
and elsewhere. She feces four 
additional charges of possess- 
ing heroin, cocaine, amphet- 
amine sulphate and cannabis 
resin. 


Meanwhile, Thames Valley 
Police, who arrested a total of 
six people during their investi- 
gations into Miss Channon's 
death, yesterday . released on 
police nail Count Godfried 
von Bismarck, a politics, phi- 
losophy and economics un- 
dergraduate of Christ Church 
College. 

The Count, a dose friend of 
Miss Channon. is the great, 
great grandson of Prince Otto, 
the architect of modem 
Germany. 

Thames Valley Police yes- 
terday sent detectives to Lon- 
don to interview another man 
concerning their enquiries 
into the death. 


Another person, who was 
admitted to hospital in Oxford 
after his arrest because he was 
too ill to be interviewed, was 
yesterday being questioned by 
detectives. 


A third person, Mr Nicholas 
Vincent, aged 24, of Lower 
Cottage. Thrupp. Oxfordshire. 


• Mrs Mary Moore, the prin- 
cipal of St Hilda's College. 
Oxford, where Miss Channon 
studied, yesterday gave evi- 
dence of identification when 
an inquest was opened and 
adjourned until July 9. 


Today’s events 


Royal engagements 
The Duke of Edinburgh, 
President of the City and Guilds 
of London Institute, presents 
the 1986 Prince Philip Medal to 
Mr Robin Robertson. Bucking- 
ham Palace, JO; and later, as 
Patron and Trustee, attends a 
reception for young people who 
have reached the Gold Standard 


in The Duke of Edinburgh's 
*,SWI. 


Award, St James's Palace, 

11.30 and 4. 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother attends a garden party 
in honour of Commonwealth. 
American and European Ex- 
change Teachers, Lancaster 
Houses. 3 JO. 


The Prince of Wales presents 
Coramu- 


the 1986 Times/RIBA 1 


nity Enterprise Scheme Awards, 
Royal Institute of British Archi- 
tects, 66 Portland Place. Wl. 3. 

Princess Anne opens The 
Princess Anne Wing of the 
Stroud General Hospital Glos, 


Princess Margaret attends the 
Royal International Horse 
Show, National Exhibition Cen- 
tre. Birmingham, 8.40. 

The Duke and Duchess of 
Gloucester visit The Bank of 
England, Threadneedle St, EC2, 
I US. 

New exhibitions 
The Nature of Painting: work 
by Alexander Zyw, Gallery of 
Modem Art. Betford Rd, Edin- 
burgh; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 
to 5 (ends July 20). 

Recent paintings including 
wild life by Esdaik Hudson; 
Wykebam Galleries, 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,071 




ACROSS 

1 Frizzy hair, say, and a 
change of diet make her a 
goddess (9). 

6 Old invader's point of view 
(SV 

9 Small flower, I say. with 
inviting look (4 J). 

10 Last letter from Cornish 
town left punishment to us 
(7). 

21 Is back with giii in Tuscany 
(5). 

12 Such a letter is impersonal 
(9). 

13 OKs the composers of ac- 
ronyms (8). 

15 Reject example of French 
keenness (4). 

19 Pitcher ukes partners, turn 
about (4L 

20 Island posts useful for ship-' 
ping lines (8). 

23 Tune-keeper paid more on 
readjustment (9). 

24 Shine among Essex ’cellists 
(5). 

26 Pigeon sounds as if help is 
needed (TV 

27 Capitol earthen crocks (7). 

28 Organ-stop? (5V 

29 It sounds like a’ man with a 
call (9). 


4 Drops of haft on steep parts 
of glaciers? (3-51 

5 Losing his shirt, Ptolemy is 
free for hire (6). 

6 What one bears, perhaps, is 
vexing (6). 

7 Lei Pistol make a dust with 
“This villainous saltpetre” 

UHenllVt 9V 

8 Makes equal number if the 
last comes first (5). 

14 I study note on state of 
USA, all the same (9). 

16 Style Anne adapted from 
Mrs Wood's creation (4,5). 

17 Movement of value to 
university Master (8V 

18 Sound stock gives better to- 
ken of high value (4,4). 

21 Silk coat Mine Chanel has 
on (6). 

22 It may be diminished in this 
version of Ruth (6V 

23 Score one may have to face 
bravely (5). 

25 it would be odd to associate 
this rarity with America (3V 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,070 


DOWN 

1 Either confessor, venerable 
in the orient (9V 

2 Have a fling in anonymous 
bliss (5V 

3 Outstanding seer, about the 
age of Faust, perhaps (8). 



°<dutioiis and prizewinners in the Jumbo crossword of May 24 
wili appear in theSatmday section tomorrow 



-From Warsaw toMonJferrey 




‘At* 



over 


Reger Bayes m Warsaw and Mm CarBn 


victory on two continents;. 


Polish hangover, 
whes 
the streets 


The. 

a black. 

of Warsaw yeSenfey. Bos 
drivers swore unreasonably. 


Welcome to Britain: Mrs Thatcher L 
Street yesterday. They were winners of a 


some of the 30 US tourists she entertained to afternoon tea at No 10 Downing 

i Back” competition. (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 


i Airways * Woo Them . 


Thatcher warned on Pretoria embargo 


queues squabbled, petrol st- 
- icndants forgot to cfaear mo- 
torists and many shop Raff 
dad their customers -a fevwa* 
fay .staying away from work.. 

Poland’s 3-0 :: -World G*p 

f drubbing by .England - does 
S?i chantxsf made 

life more complicated, v 

Tbe anxious midnight vig- 
ils will continue, foe televi- 
sions aglow in evexy block. 
This is bad news for factory 
managers trying to squeeze 
out a bit of extra work before 
the summer holidays; for 
theatres, cinemas, priests mid 
fanners. All are .victims of 
AWCS,zhe Acquired. World 
Cup Syndrome. 

The director of a mine' 
publicly admitted that there., 
was- no point in- organizing 
'party, meetings or . training 
sessions after worlds Jiours 
because of the miners’ ..need 
to stay fit for the night-time 
television. 

Typically, a Silesian miner, 
Mr Jan Pietrach, told a Polish 


that,. when Pofand wife pn- 
declivity. mcrosses es The 
fofiowiqg morning.. And, of 
coarse, foe <fcnraod for 
sfoas ^c pnpre cedeqted . 

dty, fed, by ; foe«riy hoots 
of yesterday mormBfe beea 

persuaded by tbe&JgS&fens 

to sbe&thrar natural reserve. 

The “animals’*' — a 
tabooed -spedev theq skin 
pink as j na w Bs ~ fed ceased 
tofaeovroof fear, bew^dcr- 
foemorevea&scitiatioB. 

As house cbanisof^Hallo, 
hallo England are baA” and 
‘“You'll never wa& afone” 
rang oat forofebfoe streets 
for the hundredth time, the 
good citizens of MbqSora? 
found, themselves, to their 
astonishment, joining 

With great gusto* finally 
convinced . .perhaps.- b 
Eland's victory, the 


nation. . The English fees, all 


Continued from page 1 


action to put pressure on 
Pretoria to negotiate political 
change. 

Mis Thatcher has always 
resisted economic sanctions, 
and the EPG was set up al the 
Commonwealth Heads of 
.Government conference at 
Nassau in October largely 
because of her opposition to 
them. However, Mr Fraser 
said it was in Britain's “specif- 
ic interests” to join in Com- 
monwealth action. 

If a bloodbath were allowed 
to develop all Britain's eco- 
nomic interests in South Afri- 
ca would be lost within 10 or 
12 years, as would those of 
West Germany and the US. 
The cost to Britain would be 
far greater than the loss of 
some jobs caused by the 
introduction of sanctions. 

Mr Fraser said he was not in 
favour of a full trade embargo, 
but suggested the breaking of 


air links, tightening of finan- 
cial restrictions, and the ban- 
ning of purchases of bulk 
commodities such as coal, 
uranium, and food and agri- 
cultural produce. 

The report says the question 
for government heads is not 
whether economic measures 
will compel change. “It is 
already the case that their 
absence and Pretoria's belief 
that they need not be feared, 
defers change. Is the Com- 
monwealth to stand by and 
allow the cyde of violence to 
spiral? Or will it take concert- 
ed action of an effective kind? 
Such action may offer the last 
opportunity to avert what 
could be the wont bloodbath 
since the Second World War.” 

Asked if a major crisis 
would be caused in the Com- 
monwealth if Britain refused 
to join in sanctions. General 
Obasanjo said he did not think 
it would come to that because 


Mrs Thatcher would not like 
to be known as the British 
leader who broke up the 
Commonwealth. - 


The seven-member 
EPGbegan its work in 
December.rt insists it did all 
in its power to enable Pretoria 
to co-operate in a dialogue. 

Among factors which per- 
suaded members they could 
not succeed were a change of 
attitude among South African 
ministers. This manifested it- 
self in the re-appearance of a 
demand fora renunciation of 
violence as a pre-condition for 
negotiations, whereas they 
had seemed to be ready to 
accept merely a “suspension” 
of violence. 

The work of the EPG will be 
reviewed, and policies dis- 
cussed at a Commonwealth 
meeting in London, probably 
on August 2. Mrs Thatcher 
will be under intense pressure 
to agree to support sanctions 


at, if not before, that meeting. 

Hie- group’s fundamental 
conclusion is dial “despile 
appearances and statements to 
the contrary, the South Afri- 
can Government is not yet 
ready to negotiate such a 
future, except on its own 
terms. Those terms, both in 
regard to objectives and mo- 
dalities, fell far short of rea- 
sonable black expectations 
and well-accepted democratic 
norms and principles . . . 


of sitting down Jest be fell 
asleep. His morning shift 
begins at 6am; the World Cup 
finishes at 2am. 

In the Gdansk shipyards, 
birthplace of Solidarity, no- 
body wants to -work m the 
afternoons. The overtime 
rate has (hopped by 70 per 
cent 

A parish priest from a 
village near Cracow com- 
plains that the number of 
weddings has dropped dra- 


of<Bptomals. gave then pahi- 
otism a test now sod then, 
adding their yokes to hearty 
renderings of “Mexico? 
MejriooT or "Monterey! 
MonterreyT*. . 

AB of which served to stoke 
still further the flames of 
feHow-feefing and gpodriu*» 
moored nnosicatiosr which 
on Wednesday night and 
Thursday morning took pos- 
session of tte centre of Kton- 
terrey, especially around the 
area of the “Mansion” bit- 



pels} in 
in<l uir ' 


ieylaad Ha 
pier 


’ s 


"The blacks have had 
enough of apartheid. They are 
no longer prepared to submit 
to its oppression; discrimina- 
tion and exploitation. They 
can no longer stomach being, 
treated as aliens in their own 
country ... The strength of 
black convictions is now 
matched by a readiness to die 
for these for those convic- 
tions. They wiO, therefore, 
sustain the struggle whatever 
the cost.” 


maticafly since the onset of 
AWCS, although June is nor- 
mally considered a lucky 
month to gel married. 

Taxis disappear from the 
streets in the late evening so 
that the drivers can warm up 
for the match ahead. It is easy 
to obtain a theatre ticket in 
Warsaw, as both theatres and 
cinemas are half empty. 

The economy, however, 
has not been completely crip- 
pled. Statistical surveys shew 


liardshafl. 

The scene had been a little 
different the morning before 
over breakfast ax the Ambas- 
sador Hotel. A sriffshirled 
local businessman —a perfect 
specimen of Mcmtcrrey Man 
-bad been pmztmgover just 
bow it had come about tint 
he was getting so much 
enjoyment . out of .foe un- 
seemly spectacle pro vide d fay 
these tribal foreign yoa&X- . 

**Yoo see." be smd, “foe 
orfy kind of touristswe ever 
get here are retired Texans 
who arrive in coaches, rip 
orange juice and go to bed at 
eight o<3ocJl” j.. 


jjxican hupv 


.. 

L. 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


ibv fail 


Stockbridge, Hants: Tues to Sat 
10 to 5 (ends June 28). 

Paintings by Arto der 
HaiouUinian; Colin Jellicoe 
Gallery, 82 Portland St, Man- 
chester. Mon to Fri 10 to 6, Sat 1 
to 5 (ends July 5). 
Exhibitions in progress 
Eye Music; The graphic an of 
new musical notation; Mappin 
Art Gallery, Weston Park, Shef- 
field; Mon to Sat 10 to 8, Sun 2 
to 5 (ends July 13). 

Work by WUham Scott; Ul- 
ster Museum, Botanic Gardens, 
Belfast; Mon to Fti 10 U> 5, Sat 1 
to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends Aug 3). 

Impressionist drawings; The 
Burrell Collection, 2060 
Pollokshaws Rd. Glasgow. Mon 
to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to , (ends 


Jujjf 13). 


aintings, drawings and 


prints by Harry Snook; Brett on 
" obese; The Library Gal- 


Hall Co) 
lery, W Brett on, Yorks; Mon to 
Sat 9 to 5 (ends June 30). 

Patchwork quilts from the 
19th century; Niccoi Centre, 
Brewery Court, Cirencester; 
Mon to Fti 10 to 5, Sat 10 to 
1130 (ends July 2). 

Music 

Concert by the Pasadena Roof 
Orchestra; Pershore High 
School. 7.3a 


Concert by City of London 
Sinfonia; Ulster Hall, 


Belfast; 

7.45. 

Concert by The Amati Piano 
Trio; Priory Church, 
Leominster. 7.30. 

Aldebmrgfa Festival: British 
and American choral music by 
the William Ferris Chorale from 
Chicago, South wold Church, 3; 
Concert by the Amadeus Quar- 
tet 1L Snape Waitings Conceit 
Hall, 8. 

Talk 

Canvass and Artemesia 
Gentilesfachi: The case for 


women artist's groups, by Diane 
' ' Gallery, 


Roberts; Exhibition _ 

55S Sil bury Boulevard. Milton 
Keynes. 1. 


Food Prices 


Iuspile of poor weather, fish 
supplies and quality are good. 
Luge cod is down 3p to £1.76 a 
lb. haddock down )p to £1.79, 
whiting down 3p to £ 1 J4. These 
are average prices, and there are 
inevitable regional variations. 

The Dewnuist and Baxter 
butcher chain have economy 
barbecue packs of four 
beefburgers, four breaded savor- 
ies. and eight pork and beef 
sausages al £1.99 each, and 
chicken barbecue packs of four 
chicken breasts and eight pork 
and beef sausages at £2.99. on 
offer until July 5. 

Other good offers this week 
include: Safeway: home-pro- 
duced boneless pork chops, 
£1.99 a lb; Asda: home-pro- 
duced fresh chicken (up to 31b 
1 5az) 69p a Jb, and frozen three- 
pound packs of chicken quar- 
ters, £1.99 a pack; Toco: rump 
steak £2.74 a lb, and home- 
produced lamb legs £2.08 a lb. 

Gape Granny Smiths and 
Golden Delicious apples 30p- 
40p a lb, and Yellow Packham 
pears at 4O60p a lb are recom- 
mended. There is still not much 
in the way of home-grown fruit 
in the shops, but there are 
cherries from California £1.40- 
£1-80 a lb, and from the 
Mediterranean 80p-£1.50 a lb. 
though quality is inconsistent. 


English asparagus is a sea- 
jnal treat at 


sonai treat at between £1.00 and 
£2.50 a lb bundle. Spring greens 
are good value at lS-22palb.as 
is cabbage 25-35p and cour- 
gettes 50-65p a lb. Cucumbers 
35-45p each, round lettuces 20- 
35p each and spring onions 20- 
.25p a bunch. 


Parliament today 


Commoas (9.30k Debate on 
enterprise and deregulation. 

Lords (1 lY. Public Older Bffl, 
second reading. 


Anniversaries 


Births; Fanny Burney, nov- 
elist and: diarist. King’s Lynn, 
Norfolk, 1752; Thomas Arnold, 
educator, Cowes. He of Wight, 
1795; James Clerk Maxwell, 
physicist, Edinburgh, 1831; Sir 
Charles Parsons, engineer, 
Kingston, Jamaica. 1854; W3- 
Ham Barter Yeats, Dublin, 1865; 
Jules Bordet, bacteriologist, No- 
bel Laureate 1919. Soignies, 
Belgium, 1870; Carlos CUtcz, 


composer, Mexico City. 1899. 
Deaths: Alexander foe 


Great, 

Babylon (Iraq) 323BC; Sir 
Hairy Segrave, lolled when his 
speedboat England O crashed on 
Lake Windermere, 1930; Mar- 
tin Buber, philosopher, Jeru- 
salem, 1965; Georg van Bektsy, 
physicist and physiologist, No- 
bel Laureate 1961, Hawaii. 
1972. • 


Roads 


Tta MMtarefce Wfc Roadworks' be- 


tween Junctions 4 (Bromsgroue) and S 

protiwWi); two isos contraflow; at ‘ 


junction 5 Is now open. Ml: Northbound 

entry and southbound fflrit at junction 18 

(Rugby) is cloud. Al: Contraflow bo- 
fwmn Grantham aid Standard at 
Cofctanvonh. Lines: care rfeqitted. 

Wales and West MS; Various lane 

closures bstwun junctions 25 (Tsurton) 

and 26 (Waflingttn): care reqwred. tiB: 

Contraflow on the southbound carriage- 

way between fmetiora 8 (MSB and 10 
(Qwtienbam); avofd ft pos&bfe. M: 

Various roadworks in Bath Rd, Bristol 

between Eagle Rd and Kensington Park 

Rd. 


The North: Al (Mk Resurfsdng work 
ndB u r tre e si tm Cha nge. 


between Aycfiffe and 

Co Durham: closure of northbound 

and ap p ro pr iate sflp roads: 


work at Barton 


len^resolr^^avoteti pos si bl e 

Woric in connection with construction at 


nre i nMn an cebetwe^fcjnSora^^^-^ 
Tunnel) and 24 (Gown): outstee lane, wi 


boe closures 1 

hone8(A9i)and 9 (ASl2)dueto patching 

-taferrestkm s^pBsd bir AA 


Weather 


forecast 


Pressure will remain high 
over S Britain ^ with weak 
troughs of loir, pressure 
moving across the N. 


6 am to midnight 


London, SE, E England, East 
Arab, Ifidtexis: Dry with sunny 
periods; wind fight variable; max 
temp2lC(70F). 

Centra) S, SW EMand, Channel 
Me n ds , S Wales: sunny intervals, 
patches of fog near coasts; wind 
SW Bqfrt or moderate; max temp 
19C (66F), cooter on th8 coast 

N Warns, NW Endmd, Lake 
District. Isle ot Marc Etalber cfotxhr 
at times but maiity dry; wind SW 
moder a te; max tenfo 17C (63R. 

Central N, ME England: Mainly 
dry with simny interms; wind SW 
or moderate; max tamp ISC 


Borders, EdHburrih, OundiA 
A b er d een . Moray Firth, .ME .Scot- 


tarut Surety frttervais; wfodlght or 

rate SW; max temp 180(641=). 


moderated ...... ... 

SW Scotland, Glaagow, Central 


periods; wfodSW^Ttoriuoderate; 


maxterop18C(. 

■ - NW SootJanct Rather 


Amy* MW -So* 
cfouoy, pertaps rain fitter; wind SW 
moderate or wash; i 




max temp ISC 


Shetland: Sunny Wer- 
vab; wind SW moderate or fresh; 
tax temp 11C152F). 


day: Continuing generally warm and 

sunny but unsettled in the far N. 



4.43 am 9.18 pm 



srrock bid 


r.i • 




braised 


H3 


{ ®TI deal 


*< 


••• y. 


? ** bought 


-■ft. 


UOOa 
FWqnrbrJunlS 


1009 an 


Around Britain 


t. 
y j . * 


Lighting-op time 


Top Films 


The top box-office films in Lon- 
don: 

1 (4 ) A Room with a View 
2(1 ) After Hours 
3(2) Down and Out in Beverly 
HKs 

4 (3 ) Wi weeks 

5 (5 ) Jagged Edge 
Out of Africa 
The Jewel of rheNBe 


99 

S|9> 

ioi-i 


Caravaggio 

The Klan of the Cave Bear 


The top ftens in the pro vinces : 
1 T ^to w ^rt the We 

4 

5 Dena Force 

Sjcoted by Scr&n S m r vx r u i 


Top video rentals 


Coda of Stance 
Witness 
Pale Rider 
Best Defence 
Porky's Revenge 
Invasion USA 
A Nl^tmare on Bro 
Letter to Brezhnev 
Ufeforce 
Return to Oz 


Supplied by ware asms 


Pollen co ant 


The pollen count for London 
and the South-east issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 0. Forecast for 
today, higher. For today's 
recording call British Telecom's 
Weaihenine: 01-246 8091. 
which is updated each day at 
10.30 am. 


Lootai 8.48 pm to 4.18 am 

BrertolB^f — 


Bristol 9^8 pn to 4^3 1 

1029 pm 10457 am 



Times 

foUovrsi 


Portfolio Oom rotes are > 


1 Tunes Portfolio to tneJP mtlw 
of The Times ts not a concBBoo of 
taking part. 

2 Times Portfolio Us* comp ris es a 
Group of pcfcHc compart** wtaM 
Stares are listed on me Stoc k 
Exchange and guowt in The Tones 
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compani es co martetno ttitejra: wg 

- froro day .to The list 


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tar largest m creoae or lowest loss) of a 
corpWnaaon of elteit (two from eoeh 
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44 stareO of the 44 shares which an 
sty .one day con u mse The Times 


Hm to play — Dafly DMdasd 

On each day yovr ankjuc set of etted 

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and Industrial shares published in The 
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tn Die cotronns provided nett to 
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' After listing the price changes of 
ypttfrigm sltareafor Owl day. add up 
aU ewu share changes to gtve you 
-sMou KuamufermituB w-.«r • 


jour. 


—pn Portfolio arvfcNgjd nefctishod on 


Times . 

the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

* yoo» overall local w a trhes The 
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Satu day in The Times, 
a Times Portfolio tist and delails of 


prize money stated for that day ana 
Claim your prize as mstnicKa 


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the da^rbr weekly, dhldad wtfl also 


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Mwkto-Satuniay record your daily 
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at Die 


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offices oi The Times. 

6 K the overall price movement fit 
more than one coroBtnaoon of shares 


Add these to gether to determine 
your weekly Portfolio local. ... 


rauab Die di vidend, tne^gr tee ^wtn be 


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equally divide d among the claimants 
toteteBcwnttniiions of snares. 1 


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toy Times Portfolio 


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eara Dwt is defaced, tampered with or 
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Ts Ulih Bi n The Thaos ParttoBp 
Mae 0254-53 373 fiwwssa ISjaw 

■teterei^ra the. 


g a Employees q f.New s imcrnallanai 
C and jb s UbikBanes and or 
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m embers of thetr immediate (amities 
ajenof aocwHi to Atey Times 
Portfolio. - 


You must have yoa- card with you 
when you telephone. 


a m p ar Ud pa nte >ri D. be sublet to 
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riatoi". whethe r 


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pan of these Rules. The Editor 
reserves Hie right to amend the Roles. 
^Jp . to ..any ensmde. HeBdtert 
Wtto b final sow so cocrespon- 
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No resoonsiUUty cm ho ^acce^cd 


tor fcaUure to contort the clatmo 1 
tor any reason wtiMn the 1 
hours. 

The above tnstrudtona are ay 
pHeaMs to both dally -and- wasiuy 
dnrktend rtafm ■ . 


10.08 pm to 4.10 am 

1 0.03 pm to 4^42 sen . 


Yesterday 


Temparatures at mriday yestantey: c, 

ctoud, f , tab; r. rah: s. sun. 

C F 
r 1355 

1 1763 

c 1661 Jersey 
91966 Loreto 

ns 54 amcMor 

r 1264. Hasi cas flB 

r 1050 ITiMssny 


Canlff 
EdMugh 

Qtasgov 


C F 
C1559 

11763 

117 83 

1 1763 
11558 
C 1254 


• Sun Rain 
hrs Id 
EAST COAST - - 
Sereboro ' 92 J01 
IS J7 
6 ^ .10 

2.8 30 

Ctacto 2.7 .18 
M a rgate 25 37 
SOUTH COAST - 
Folkestone 22-53 
Haatoiga 28 M 
Ea s tfao re ae 35 52 
Brighton -55.55 
Worthing 4.0 38 
Utortmtoi. 52 54 
Bogoor R 6.9 M} 
73 j42 


Max 
C F 


14 57 -sunny 

16 61 sumw 

15 59~rein 
13 55 rata 
13 55 rain 
11 52 rain 


SboTWn Max 
hrs in C,f 
10» .18 17- 63 sunny 
Tenby 11 J) .15 16 61 sunny 

Catery a Be y 109 . - 14 57 sunny 

* 8.1 .10 15 59 sremy 

128 J» W 5? Jump 


' far . 


Bownaodb 

Poole 


The pound 


Bank. 


AnstmHa* 

Austria Scb 

— Wft 

Canada! 

DanacaritKr 

FWandMkk 

France Fr 
QenaanyDm 
Greece Dr' 
HongKongS 
belaud Pt 
Holy lira 
Japan Yen 

HoreayKr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Re. 
SwatienKr. 
ari t mtaud Pr 
USAS 

YngbsiBVfa Dnr . 


IS 


Barit 


2 AJSS 
7200 
2-185 

nsr 


11.15 

asos 

21400 
1220 
1.16 
2Q0J0Q' 
266J0 
.. 3L83 
ns* 

23200 


22260 

11J7 

290 

■va 

S8000 


220 

23.38 

8820 

2JW 

1232 

7J8 

ion 

2325 

20000 

1170 

1.10 

251.00 

274 
1134 

22200 
AW 
21160 
« 22 

275 
14Z 

5*000 


Rates for snaq ctoomtetfon bnk notes 

a n supptod.by Baroteys Bank PLC. 

rent rates apply to trayauars' 

cheques and oOnr toreksi' 

business. 


current^ 


Ratal Price tadweSSU ' 

London: The ft index dosed up 20 at 
T30A.1l . . 


— NEW SPAPERS LIMITED.. 


IS. 

at 


Weymoiflh 
Exroaotb ■ 


Snodoim 

.72 M 
SJ .52 

as 2& 

TA AS 
AS 

9.4 :io 
9^. 31 
7.9 .16 

7.6 ^6 

8.4 .13 

1.7 A2 
Guem eey 4 A -38 
WEST COAST 

ScBy Wee 8JS 32 
*7 .18 


13 55 rebi 

14 57. ram. 

13 55 rate 

14 57 rain 
14 57. rein 

16 61 surety 
18 61 sunny. 

17 63 stsnqr 


sss, 

Pe na nce 


15 58 
17 63 
17 63 

14 57 

15 59 

16 61 

15 S3 

16 59 

15 58 

16 61 
15 69 
-15 58 


BNQLAHtt AND WALES • 

40 32 16 61 rata 

iao jd 2 is .01 sum 

SJ) ~3A 18 64 sunr 
11.1 M 15- S9 sunny 
tt3 -DC 15. 99 annoy 
11.1 08 14 57 ato 
60 at 15 50 suney 
7.1 - 16 61 sunny 

WcHHa-iyaa 7 S - 15 80 sunny 

100 X6 is Gt sunny 


auraV 

sunny 

sumy 

sonny; 

sunny 

Sunny 

sunny 

sujny 

rain 

sunny 

raw 

rain 


SCOTtAW 

r 127 - - 16 61 
1SX X2 15 S9 
118 XI 10. 61 
11.7 - 13 55 

11A .06 1« S7 
03 .13 10- B0 
7X .16 12- 54 

. 7X--JSD 14 57 

Abatessa 6.6 14 57 

*1 ■- 17 63 
0.4 - 17 63 


sunny 

assiy 

snv 

sunny 

sunny 

ahowere 

showers 

sumy 

showers 

sunny 

sun ay 





’■Wijfc 






15. 59 drizzle 
17 -63 sunny 


NORTHERN IRELAND / 

132 - 16 61 


sumy 


71te»e e» IMiiWssdSi'S Itasrss 


Abroad 


MDDAK Ci doud; di dtate Lft*; fe. fog; r, ni^Mlsi: sa. wpsotOtodar. 

- C 1 * -C 9 • C F . .'C 

.s 21 70 Cbte^M c 17 83 terisica. f 24 75 Roms c 21 
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FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 



THE TIMES 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


] 


- 

■ 7’Vfc 


STOCK MARKET 

FT 30 Share 

1304.1 (+3.0) 

FT^SE 100 
1571 .8 (+0.4) 

Bargains 

24940. 

USM {Datastream) 
121;14 (+0.07) 

THE POUND 

US Dollar 
1.5265 (-0.0010) 

W German mark 
3.3667 (-0.0121) 

Trade- weighted - 

76.1 (-0.4) 

Delay in 
inquiry 

The results of the Neill 


Government is accused of 
misleading on tin crisis 


By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

-• The row over responsibility and the ITC was left with gross 
for the tin crisis intensified debts of £900 millio n. Bri tain 
yesterday ' as the is one of the 22 country 
Government's latest explana- inembers of the ITC 
tionoffts role in the affair was In its reply- id a heavily 

heavily criticized by metal critical select committee re- 
dealers and by the Commons port on the crisis, the Govern- 
trade and industry committee, ment alleges that .the Rank of 
Both parties accused the England warned the London 
Government of concealing in- Metal Exchange and metal 
' formation and of publishing brokers that the ITCs fi- 
m is leading facts. The select nances were precarious. The 
. committee is pressing for a Government says ft. tried to 
debate before the recess on the find out what was happ ening 
rights of Commons commit- at the ITC but was thwarted 
lees; to be given information by the council's rules, 
by the Gverriment. The renort savs: “Th 




acted angrily, pointing out 
that trade representatives 
were asked to leave ITC 
meetings as soon as finance 
was discussed. 


f 

' 

• -- * * ** * * t" ‘ 


mailiry ; Mr Kenneth Warren, chair- which was in dose touch with 

J man' of the select committee, Government throughout, ad- 

. The results of the Neill said: “The 1982 agreement vised the LME (initially on an 
mquiry into the regulation of was a time bomb which was informal basis) that ft should 
•n 'iPT 5 , n ^ rance m 5 rJcet bound to go off sometime. A not count on the ITC member 
delayed — probably crisis was inevi table from the governments standing behind 
|mtil October— because there start of the tin agreeraenL” the ITC if the buffer stock 

JLJhS iSl?Sl5rf2Slf We T* 1 ® tin crisis broke m manager were ever unable to 

October last year when the meet his commitments", 
headed Sl I °J?J ationaJ rm Council, It goes on to say that the 

Jr ' w ^ lch *** supposed to sup- LME was formally warned in 
** ^ & «"*** February 1984 and continues: 
comoSri nounced it had run out of “Furthermore, DTI delegates 

5g3g” ”P_ y**aam money. Tm prices collapsed to ITC meetings were aSm- 


untfl October — because there 
is more evidence available 
than had been anticipated. 

This independent inquiry, 
headed by Sir Patrick Neill, 
Vice-Chancellor of Oxford 
University, was expected to be 
completed before tire summer 
Parliamentary recess in July. 


the ITC if the buffer stock 
manager were ever unable to 
meet his commitments". 

It goes on to say that the 
LME was formally warned in 
February 1984 and continues: 
“Furthermore, DTI delegates 
to ITC meetings were accom- 


sentatives -had substantially 
the same information as was 
available to the coundJ’s 
delegates.” 

Mr Jacques Lion, chairman 
of the LME board, declined to 
comment until he had read the 


report. But LME sources re- the tin agreement was dead 


Leyland Bus 
tender date 

BL has asked The Laird 
Group, Aveling Barford and a 
Leyland Bus management 
consortium, all of whom are 
interested in -acquiring Ley 
land Bus, to tender for the 
entire business by June 26, 
after which the BL board will 
make a recommendation to 
the Government, which is the 
company's majority share- 
holder. 

Mexican hope 

The Federal Reserve Board 
Governor. Mr Manuel John 
son, said in Washington that, 
he was fairly encouraged 
about negotiations with Mexi- 
co over its debt problem. The 
Mexican Government had 
done a lot more than people 
gave them credit for in adjust- 
ing to tailing oil prices, he said. 

Finlay fall 

Pretax profits at James fin^ 
lay. the -international trader 
and . plantations group, fell 
from .£37.9 million to £83 


More jobs Offer of securities I Burmah in 


V 

■"VI 


to go at 
Westland 

By Claire Dobie 
Further job losses at West- 
land^ the rescued helicopter 
company, are likely this year. 
The company, partly owned 
by Sikorsky and Fiat, says 
cost-cutting is now its mam 
priority. 

The chairman. Sir John 
Cockney, -said that resolution 
of the company's main prob- 
lems would “require patience 
and determination” by the 
board and workforce. “There 
is a decJnung defence budget 
at home, an intensely compet- 
itive market abroad and a 
need to become cost 
efficient” ' 

In the 12 months to March 
31 the number of employees 
fell by 1,040 to 1O500. The 
next round of redundancies is 
expected to be on a smaller 
scale: The issue of redundancy 
notices would aggravate in- 
dustrial relations problems at 
Yeovfl where nearly 2,000 


in office building 

By Judith Huntley 

Goldman Sachs, the Ameri- £52.5 million nominal 6% per 
in finance house, and Baring cent deep discount bonds with 


.MKfc-on-guj 

' mflSitm. The gp ov&rtnrte'ban over pay. 


•per wait to £194jnnhknL The 
dividend is maintained at 
4.1 5p. Tempus, page 23 


Westland, yesterday 
4,i5p. Tempus, page 23 annoupcedthat pretax profits 
1 rose firom £4:8 million to £7.8 

MlOITOCK DIO millien in the six months to 

_ jt far ph 1 - 

Sbonock, which fi ts secure ^ Jot ^ Cockney "said that 

mdnstnal services group. The jJL. Sunnier' o' tmwrtHkri- 


company, which came to. the 
stock market in April last year, 
made pretax profits of £1.8 
million on turnover of £16.9 
. million last year. The board is 
backing the. bid, and shares 
finished 1 7p higher at 130p. 

Stake raised 

Siebe, acting in concert with 
Kleinwort Benson, has raised 
its stake in MW to 19.3 per 
cent, including the 0.8 per cent 
acceptances received for ns 
£214 million bid. 

£7.6m TI deal 

TI Group is paying £7.6 
million for the United States- 
based Alco Standard 
Corporation's half-share in 
A bar Ipsen, which manufac- 
tures heat-treatment equip- 
ment in the US and Europe. 

Stake bought 

The £1.9 billion battle for 
Woolworih has switched to 
the stock market. The group’s 
financial advisees have bought 
large blocks of shares to keep 
them from the bidders, Dix- 
ons. More than a million 
Woolworih shares have been 
bought at S05p and another 
250.000 at 793p. Last night, 
Woolworih said Dixons bid 
was “just a relocation exercise 
for Cunys and Dixons”.: . 


proving trend.-.' The, helicopter 
and customer support divi- 
sion reduced its losses from 
£1.9 million to £500,000. It is 
expected to be in profit before 
the end of the financial year. 

Tempus, page 23 


BL changes 
its name 
to Rover 

By Jeremy Warner 

Business Correspondent 
- BL, the state-owned motor 
manufac turer, is chang i n g its 
name to Rover in an effort to 
project a public image more in 
keeping with its radically 
changed financial: dreum- 
stances. 

It is the thud change of 
name the corporation has. 
undergone in a turbulent and 
often troubled 1 8-year history. 
Tbechange of name is careful- 
ly timed to herald jaext 
month’s bunch of the Rover 
800 series, an executive' car 
designed to replace the Rover 
large saloon, and a product on 
which the group is : pinning 
considerable hope. 

The company emphasized 
that the new corporate image 
wflj not affect: the names of 
any of its vehicles or dealers. 

The National Coal Board 
also changed its name recently 
to British Coal • ■ 


can finance house, and Baring 
Brothers, the merchant bank, 
are offering securities for sale 
in Billingsgate, the £79 million 
Gty ofLondon freehold office 
development owned by S&W 
Berisford, the commodity bro- 
ker, and jointly developed 
with London & Edinburgh 
Trust 

It is the first time that 
securities in a single commer- 
cial property have been of- 
fered for sale in Britain. 

Billingsgate is a 185,000-sq- 
ft building. It will be occupied 
by Samuel Montagu, the mer- 
chant bank, which is paying a 
rent of £5 million a year for a 
35-year lease with a review 
every five years. The former 
fish market was sold separate- 
ly to Citicorp for£10 milli on. 

The underwriting banks 
have set up. a single asset 
property, company. Billings- 
gate CftySecunties, which mil 
offer deep discount bonds and 
preference shares, listed in 
Luxemburg/ for sale in the 
development ’ 

An * associate of S&W 
Berisford will have all the 
ordinary shares in BCS. These 
shares are not listed but may 
be sold privately. Goldman 
Sachs and Baring will make a 
secondary market in the 
bonds and preference shares 
in London, and they are 
making a 20-year commit- 
ment to it. 

The terms of the offer are 


a 20-year maturity and with a 
fixed yield of 1.15 per cent 
over gilts, representing 60 per 
cent of the total capital raised. 
The yield to maturity is put at 
10.11 per cent, winch com- 
pares with a recent debenture 
issue from Rosehaugh 
Greycoat Estates, a City devel- 
oper, of 10.08 per cenL 

There will be an issue of 
25.79 million cumulative pref- 
erence shares at iOOp a share 
with an initial dividend of 5.9 
per cent. The initial yield on 
the building is 62 per cent. 

Future dividends are linked 
to rental income from the 
offices which could now be 
worth £6 million a year. The 
shares' capital value is a 
percentage of the building’s 
value, giving the investor foe 
equivalent of a freehold 
investment 

Management costs are not 
deducted from rental income 
so that the dividend is calcu- 
lated on a gross basis. 

- Preference shareholders can 
demand that the building be 
sold and BCS be wound up in 
the fifteenth year. The value 
of the building at that time 
will be established by outside 
valuers. 

It has now been valued by 
Debenham Tewson & 
Chinn ocks, the firm of char- 
tered surveyors, which will 
also manage it for foe 
company. 


COMPANY NEWS 


• TENBY INDUSTRIES: The of up lo £750,000 may become 
offer for sale of ordinary shares doe m 1989, based on profits, 
was oversubscribed and the • COATES BROS: The annual 
baas of allocation will be an- meeting was tokl that during the 
nounced as soon as possible. year to date, sales and profits 

• CLONDALKIN GROUP: both in Britain and overseas are 
The British subsidiary, ahead of the equivalent period 
Ctondalkin Group (UKX has of 1985. 

acquired ibe Cavendish Press, a • LONDON AND CONTI- 
specialist colour printer of NENTAL ADVERTISING: 
Leicester, from private individ- Shareholders at the annual 
uals for £1.49 million in cash. meeting were told that the 

• WORDPLEX INFORMA- poster division has experienced 
TJON SYSTEMS: Mr John difficult conditions in the earty 
Heywood, foe chairman, told part o'fthe year and that this will 
the annual meeting that, follow, be reflected in the interim 
ing the redundancy of 85 people results. But forward bookings 


fully integrated previously strongly. Business already taken 
overlapping functions. It has for the second half is ahead of 
started the ratio nalizati on of all this time last year, 
internal purchasing systems and ® HAZLEWOOD FOODS: 
inventory control procedures The company is to buy three 


and has strengthened sgnifi- companies in the snack food 
candy financial planning and market, the activities of which 
control complement those of Bara 

• BARROW HEPBURN: The Brothers, acquired in 1985. The 
company has; bought Xclflex, a three have adjusted annual wo- 
man afactura- and consultant in tax profits of about £756,000 
"the field of precision moulded and the initial price is £4.41 
rubber components. Tt also pro- million, 
duces a. wide range of synthetic • BARLOWS: Dividend 7.5 
rubber and plastic products and per cent (same) for 1985. Turn- 
is based in Euxlon, Choriey, over £509,828 (£4411546). Net 
Lancashire. The initial price was profit before tax £20,993 (£5,948 
£1 million. A deferred payment loss). 


over £509,828 (£449.546). Net 
profit before tax £20,993 (£5,948 
loss). 


oil and 
gas sale 

Burmah Oil, which began 
life 100 years ago drilling for 
oil on the banks of the 
Irrawaddy in central Burma, 
yesterday agreed to sell sub- 
stantially the whole of its oil 
and gas interests to Premier 
Consolidated Oilfields. In re- 
turn Burmah will take a 25 per 
cent stake in Premier through 
the issue of new shares plus 
$80,000. 

The disposal values 
Burmah's oil and gas subsid- 
iaries at £19.6 million and is in 
line with the company's strate- 
gy of concentrating on Castrol 
and speciality chemicals. In 
1985 oil and gas production 
accounted for just 12 per cent 
of Burmah's trading profits. 

The package includes 
Burmah's only significant oil- 
producing assets — its stakes 
in the declining North Sea 
Thistle and Deveron fields — 
and exploration interestsin 19 
British offshore and 20 on- 
shore licences, and in fields in 
the U S Colombia. 

In foe first six months of 
2986 Burmah’s oil and gas 
subsidiaries made trading 
losses of £1.5 million com- 
pared with profits of £13.1 
million for foe whole of 1985. 
Burmah's oil and gas interests 
in Pakistan, held through an 
associated company, are not 
included in tbe package. 

Premier yesterday an- 
nounced a £100.000 fell in net 
profits to £3.5 million for the 
year to March 31. 

P&O wins 95% 
of Stock 
Conversion 

By Onr City Staff 
Peninsular and Oriental 
Steam Navigation's £402 mil- 
lion bid for Stock Conversion, 
the property company, be- 
came unconditional yesterday 
with 95.3 per cent of share- 
holders accepting. Bnt ft was 
foe cash element which at- 
tracted them — 67 per cent of 
foe acceptances were for the 
720p per share cash 
alternative. 

Barclays Merchant Bank 
and Hambros Bank, which 
twice underwrote the P&O 
bid, used foe company’s buoy- 
ant share price lo slightly 
improve the . cash offer, a 
move which resulted in Stock 
Conversion's board recom- 
mending acceptance. 

The paper offer was for £4 
nominal of deferred P&O 
stock for every three ordinary 
shares. That, allied with foe 
improved cash offer, valued 
Stock Conversion at 768p a 
share. 


MARKET SUMMARY 



STOCK MARKETS 




New York 

Dow Jones — 184 

Tokyo 

Nikkei Daw; 17131 

Hong Kong; 

Hang Seng 175 

A mw fd a m: Gen : 

Sydney: AO — - 1 

Frankfurt: 

Commerzbank — If 
Bntssais: 

General 504 

Paris: CAC 

Zurich: - 

SKA General 

London closing prices 


- 1840-02 (-6J55) 
17131 .22 (+34.77) 

- 1752^8 (+1.431 

LZTi2iaB?eii 

- 1977J2 (-25.1) 

- 504.32 (-19124) 
345.6 (-1.1) 

5124*0 

•rices Page 28 


CURRENCIES 


NawYoric 
£.31.5250 
S: DM2.2055 
& index: 114.8 


Walker selects ‘unchanged’ 
British Gas management 


By David Yosng, Energy Correspondent 

Mr Peter Walker, Secretary areas soch as emergency set- director, finance. Mr Jewers is 

of State for Energy, yesterday vicing should be left in the due to retire at tbe age of 65 in 

gave the management team at psMfe sector that the gas October. 

British Gas a vote of confi- industry remained as one raiL Mr Sutrtiffe. who is aged 
dace, announcing that it The one battle which Sir 5^ fets been In the gas 

would lead foe industry Into Denis lost was over the jndostry in Wales and in the 

foe private sector. Government's insistence font East Midlands since 1970. He 

. Sir Denis Robke, who is its North Sea ofl interests, as has been working on the 


aged 62 and whose contract of opposed to its gas intere sts, 
appointment expires on June should he hived ®ff to form foe 



38, has been officially re- 
appointed. The decision had 
been expected and win leave 
Brftish Gas with a chairman 
who is noted for his robust 
management style and reputa- 


nndeas of foe £500 mOtioii 
private sector Enterprise OIL 
. British Gas also lost its half 
share in Britain’s biggest on- 
shore oilfield at Wytch Fans, 
tmt-it has shwe made it clear 


tion for patting the i nterest s of that, once It is in foe private 
the industry and its customers sector, it will move back into 


London;, 

Bank Base: 10% 

3-month Interb an k 3 13 

3-mooth eflglbfo bBte9St0*wflfr . . 

bgytagreto 

Prirw-HateS^ M 
FOOereJ Funds 5 ^ 111 % r 
3-month Treasury -BBs 6J2>-&24%“ 
30-yea- bonds < 


before short-term Government 
demands. 

: Sir Denis fought off Govern- 
ment attenqrtsto break up foe 
gas Industry and privatize it on 
a piecemeal basis. 


foe oil business. ^ The spectre of 
British Gas, aimed with its 
massive cash resources and 
striding through the City on 
the takeover trail of some of 
the smaller independent o3 


It Is largely because of Ms— companies, has caused some 
at times— obstinate instance concern. 


dose $347 

22775). . ; -V r 
NawYoric . 

Comex S34&20-34&7D 


7.50 {£227-25: 


to su gges tions font 
sectors stich as the showroom 
network should be - sold off 


The only change in the 
management team g that Mr 
Allan Satdiffe will succeed 
Mr B3I Jewers as managing 


doe to retire at the age of 65 in 
October. 

Mr Sutcliffe, who is aged 
50, has been In foe gas 
indnstry in Wales and in the 
East Midlands since 1970. He 
has been working on tbe 
privatization prosp^tus. 

Mr Walker said yesterday: 
"The presort board, headed by 
Sir Denis Rooke, is immensely 
strong and capable and I 
intend foa* all w toi ng mem- 
bers, inducting the chairman, 
should have a place on tbe 
board of the successor 
company. 

' “As we approach privatiza- 
tion the succession to Mr 
Jewers win be of obrions 
concent to investors and I 
would like to make it dear now 
that such is the strength of tfie 
corporation's safer manage- 
ment that a very able and well 
qualified reptacemert has al- 
ready been identified to take 
over foe very important role." 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

The brave new world 
of Billingsgate 


Jn the next paragraph the 
government report says: “At 
his meeting with the LME in 
June 1985, the DTI official 
concerned was therefore re- 
peating warnings already giv- 
en by the Bank of England. 
Tbese warnings were known 
10 brokers, though not an 
heeded them. It appears, how- 
ever, that the LME chairman 
did not pass this warning on.” 

Jacques Lion: report says be Metal trade sources claim 
should have given warning that this meeting was about 

B . A. the coming seventh tin agree- 

panied by LME represents- ment, not about the current 
tivesfrom foe beginning of foe sixth agreement Mr Warren 
nt until the crisis of said: “The government did 
24, 1985; these repre- not tell the committee about 
3 - had substantially the Bank of England warnings, 
e information as was We regret that the Govem- 
i to the council's ment was unable to supply 
Information critical to foe j 
cques Lion, chairman inquiry-” 
dE board, declined to But tbe Government did 
t until he had read the agree with tbe commitee that 


Baring Brothers and Goldman Sachs's 
decision to be first in the market for a 
new kind of security — an office 
building in the City ofLondon — is a 
brave step in uncharted territory. The 
property industry has been building 
up to this for some time, arguing that 
there is a need for more liquidity in an 
investment market which has seen a 
distinct lack of interest from institu- 
tional purchasers worried about lack- 
lustre performance and large illiquid 
investments. 

The Baring Brothers/Goldman 
Sachs vehicle, a single-asset property 
company offering deep discount 
bonds and preference shares, albeit 
listed in Luxembourg, has the virtue 
ofbeing simple, easily understood and 
not requiring the expensive establish- 
ment of a new secondary market. 

The merchant banks will maintain a 
secondary market in London for the 
life of the bond which should give 
investors essential liquidity and deal- 
ing spread. The initial yield on 
Billingsgate, the new glass offices 
being sold for SW Berisford, the 
commodity broker, is put at a 
reasonable 6.2 per cent Investors are 
being asked to pay a small premium 
for preference shares on which the 
initial dividend is 5.9 per cent, for the 
privilege of having a stake in a 
building which they could not afford 
to buy outright This compares with a 
recent yield of 2.31 per cent on shares 
in Wates City of London Properties, 
tbe company entirely comprised of 
City offices, the nearest comparable. 

Alternative ideas for selling stakes 
in large expensive developments put 
forward by the Royal Institution of 
Chartered Surveyors, Mr John 
Barkshire's Mercantile House, and 
County Bank with Richard Ellis 
require the creation of a new second- 
ary market In the former two 
instances, a change in the law is also 
needed. 

Goldman Sachs and Baring Broth- 
ers appear to have got the vehicle right 
but what of its payload? Billingsgate 
(not including the former fish market 
earlier sold to Citicorp for £10 
million) will net SW Berisford £59 
million, money it will be glad to see. 
The Q’ty office market is booming 
ahead of big bang and Billingsgate 
could probably now be let for consid- 
erably more than the £5 million a year 
rent agreed in 1984 with its tenant, 
Samuel Montagu, the merchant hank. 
The same may not be true of Princess 
House, Berisford’s refurbishment of a 
1960s office block which may be sold 
in tbe same way as Billingsgate if that 
is successful 

Investors must be aware that City 
office rents are still under half the 
level they were in 1973 in real terms, 
albeit growing fast and that big bang 
could result in a continuing demand 
for huge amounts of space or that it 
could peter out, leaving little room for 
future rental growth in large develop- 
ments. 

The quality of buildings sold by 
whatever form of in vestment device is 


crucial to the success of such a market. 
The possibility of selling securities or 
units in single buildings, whether they 
be offices or retail developments, 
should not be looked upon by owners 
as a way of ridding themselves of the 
less than best while keeping prime 
property in their portfolios. The 
dictum Caveat Emptor should apply 

Jobs pessimism 

The continuing if modest rise in the 
underlying rate of unemployment this 
year is undoubtedly puzzling the 
Government and especially Lord 
Young. The main trouble is that, 
enterprise culture or no, the rate of job 
creation is not as high as hoped. That 
can be put down to lower growth in 
the economy, but the comprehensive 
new study by Sir Austin Bide's 
Occupations Study Group, which has 
quizzed more than 3,000 employers 
about their forecasts to the year 1990, 
suggests longer-term reasons. 

Bigger employers in particular are 
now wedded to jobless growth — 
squeezing more from less — rather 
than outright expansion. This study 
also emphasizes more than previous 
ones bow much of the expansion of 
small busineses is a direct replace- 
ment for jobs in larger firms, either by 
sub-contracting or competition. 
Moreover, the process of job reduc- 
tion by new working methods and 
technologies remains the employers* 
favourite method of improving 
competitiveness . 

There is also some suggestion that 
takeover fever is costing jobs that a 
more determined application of 
merger policy might retain. 

The OSG study gives broadly 
similar answers to the exercise, based 
on macro-economic models and pro- 
duced by the Warwick University 
Institute of Employment Research 
last autumn, but it is even more 
gloomy for the Government Overall, 
it forecasts a loss of jobs instead of 
stability chiefly because it envisages 
greater job losses in manufacturing, 
agriculture and transport and commu- 
nication because of the effect of 
labour-saving technologies and work- 
ing methods, areas where the em- 
ployer-based forecasts might be 
expected to have the biggest edge. It 
also foresees an even greater switch 
from full-time employment in 
production industries to part-time 
employment in services. If this is 
correct, given the Department of 
Employment’s own estimates of 
growth in the labour force, unemploy- 
ment would reach 3.9 million by 1990 
on present policies and measures. The 
straw for Lord Young to grasp is that, 
however sophisticated, such studies 
cannot fully allow for an explosion of 
new businesses that fail to go bust in 
the accustomed numbers. That, how- 
ever, is strictly a straw. Sir Austin's 
well-intentioned exercise, studiedly 
non-political and eschewing any 
recommendations is, partly for those 
reasons, likely to prove highly politi- 
cal in its impact, and bard to dismiss. 





UnitTrust 

performance for the 
twelve months to 
1st June. 




4. 

a 


Trust 

Percentage 

Position 


increase 

sector 

Japan 

in value 

+740 

8th 

European 

+69.4 

10th 

Pacific 

+60.3 

4th 

Worldwide 

Recovery 

+540 

3rd 

International 

+ 53.8 

4th 

Income 
& Growth 

+43.8 

2nd 

U.K. 

+28.5 

31st 

American 

+24.3 

7th 

Practical 

+20.1 

4th 

High Income 

+ 16.2 

15th 


instcr 
ng its 
ertsey) 
her of 
i News 
s Press, 
npleted 
h. 

it, APV 
er 2p to 
aed its 
.ent to 
in Ben- 
k acting 
another 
\PV at 

,r & total 
iares, or 
; votes, 
t 955p. 


ei office 
neni car- 
ol is es- 
)m pleted 
million. 
ER RE- 
NVEST- 
Second 
.73p for 

0. 1986. 
3p. This 
directors' 
lerim rc- 
I5panda 
period 10 

i CORP: 

1. 1986. 
3*i (£6.58 
£333.052 
per share 
!p). The 
company 
le second 
3 auction 
ig and it 
.•crop and 
uciion. 
IOENIX 
ilf-year to 
r u in over 

Loss bc- 
s 31.9141. 
1 36. 1 7p 


S. 


iop into 


W S256 


•rmation 


plication 
om tried 
th our 


(£499 ex 
torage. 
iger 11 
5).* It 

>r Prestel. 
. (worth 


....£99.95 

t 

£99.00 

jmsfor 

£49.95 


Planned Sawings, offer to bid, income reinvested, 1.&8& 

Above we show the performance of 
all ten of our unit trusts, eight of which 
are in the top half of the overall per- 
formance table. i^l: m a 

For further details call 
01-489 1078. Or write to: 
Oppenheimei; 66 Cannon 
Street, EC4N 6AE. 

FmJ Uaragemn: Ltd 

A member company of the Mercantile House Group* 



mam and nwv 










THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13- 1936 


echoes 
are lc 
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%y% : 


Obviously our shareholders 
have been celebrating. 


And who could blame them? 

As you can see from the figures above all 
three divisions of Allied-Lyons made record 
pre-tax profits. 

Overall pre-tax profits increased by 23% 
to £269.5 million. 


Earnings per share from operations rose 
by 31%. And dividends were up 27%. ; 

Ample cause for a knees-up in anyone’s 
book. Especially as the value of Allied-Lyons 
shares has already quadrupled since 1981. 

That’s way ahead of inflation, the FT. 
Ordinary Share Index and the FT. Brewers and 
Distillers Index. Heady .1 1 T 

stuff by any standards. Aill6d~LyQnS 


GOING ON ■/GROWING 












***<***1* 






















: * : 


r-A 








9 


j 

t 

.3 



( TEMPUS ) 


Streamlining is correct 
medicine for Beecham 


Beecham yesterday unveiled 
Its long-awaited strategic re- 
view of operations. It intends 
to . concentrate on its core 
businesses in health products 
and persona] care. 

The corollary of this is that 
several unrelated or unprofit- 
able. businesses will go. ’ It 
appears that more than -50 
potential purchasers have ex- 
pressed an interest in the 
home improvements prod- 
ucts business, the largest of 
the operations to be sold. 
This is a collection of several 
companies in activities rang- 
ing from adhesives to 
floorcoveringSw DAP -and 
Roberts, acquired in 1983 
and 1984 respectively for a 
total of $150 million (£100 
miUion), form the biggest, 
part of this division. 

The Germaine Monieil 
cosmetics and fragrances 
business in the US, wmch has - 
been making a loss since 
1981, is to be sold. Also up for 
sale is the Fin dialer Mackie 
Todd wine business, with its 
Findlater’s Scotch whisky 
and Todd's gin. Its agency 
agreements with Campari 
and Reray Martin will limit 
the range of acceptable 
partners. 

The preliminary results to 
March 1 986, also announced 
yesterday, confirmed the 
need for action. Pretax profit 
was fiat: £303.8 million com- 
pared with £299.8 million in 
the previous year. Turnover 
was up 13.7 per cent to £2.6 
billion. 

The contribution to trading 
profit of £24 millioD attribut- 
able to the acquisition of the- 
Nortbcliff Thayer over-the- 
counter medicines business 
was more than offset by 
adverse currency movements 
of £27 million. Stripping out 
these two items, organic 
growth in 1985-86 was 5 per 
cent. Over-the-counter medi- 
cines showed the fastest 
growth rate of 38 per cent. 

Beecham will be concen- 
trating on the businesses h 
knows best. It will speed up 
the development and launch 
of new drugs, principally by 
investing in shortening the 
clinical trials stage. On the 
consumer products side, it 
will step up marketing 
expenditure 

The businesses earmarked 
for disposal will be sold as 
soon as possible, but the 
benefits will be seen in 1987 
rather than in 1986. For this 


kenzie, forecasts pretax profit 
of £330 million. This includes 
a_fon year from Northcliff 
Thayer, and assumes further 
adverse currency movements 
and substantial rationaliza- 
tion costs above the Hm». 

The shares are on a pro- 
spective multiple of 16, 
which fairly reflects the po- 
tential of the group. Never- 
theless, there will be con- 
siderable interest over the 
next year as disposals and 
rationalizations are announ- 
ced, beginning with today’s 
expected announcement on 
the soft drinks business. - 


Westland 


Westland is getting on better 
in the investment co mm uni- 
' ty than it did in the political 
arena. Confusion and uncer- 
tainty has given way to 
confidence and optimism 
since the Sikorsky and Fiat 
reconstruction. 

That at least is how the 
City saw Westland yesterday, 
when the shares rose 15p to 
86p. The interim figures, 
however, contained little to 
support new buying. 

. Profits were up from £4.8 
million to £7.8 nullioo before 
tax for the six months to 
March 31. But a £4 milli on 
cut to £2.5 milli on in re- 
search, development and 
launch costs accounts for all 
that increase and more. Trad- 
ing profits were down. 

The company said it was 
on an improving trend but it 
has to reduce costs sun 
further. 

New orders are few, though 
work on the EH101, tike naval 
helicopter under develop- 
ment in conjunction with 
Agusta of Italy, is continuing. 

The company claims to 
have a debt 10 equity ratio of 
only 40 per cent bat it 
includes only long-term debt 
in its calculations. Total bor- 
rowings are thought to exceed 
shareholders’ funds. 

Tbe second half will benefit 
from the delivery of 21 
Westland 30/160 helicopters 
to India, enabling the compa- 
ny to write back £10 jnjfflion. 

Until the company cuts 
costs further and wins new 
orders, little can be said for 
the shares. 


James Finlay 


year. Janies Cook, analyst at 
the stockbroker Wood Ms 


Despite James Finlay’s ef- 
forts to diversify, the teaprice 

.. . remains the. ovnwhelniiQg 

r ood Max> influence on the company's 


financial performance. Last 
year, the Kenyan crop 
reached record levels ana 
Bangladesh was substantially 
ahead. 

But the average tea price 
dropped to half the previous 
year’s and the contribution 
from plantations dived from 
almost £25 million to £2 
. million, including £2 million 
of losses from Bangladesh 
where the tea season coincid- 
ed with the worst prices. Tea 
trading also suffixed, and was 
down by more than £1 
million. 

As if that were not enough, 
last year also saw a halving in 
tbe ofl price and Finlay's 
energy-related interests col- 
lapsed into losses. The Sea- 
forth offshore supply vessels 
suffered from the overcapaci- 
ty in the North Sea while the 
oil and gas-producing inter- 
ests in Britain and the United 
Stales were unprofitable at 
tbe lower prices. Together, 
these activities contributed 
losses of £3 million, com- 
pared with profits of £13 
million in 1984. 

Against th« background, 
the tuning would have been 
right for ratals other activi- 
ties to stage- ahead, but this 
was not to be. The banking 
and finance division slumped 
from £2.5 million to 
E333JOOO. 

The reasons were unquan- 
tified but “substantial” pro- 
visions at SH Lock in 
Australia and a fall in 
Finlay's trading, manufactur- 
ing and merehanting activi- 
ties from £8 million to £5' 
million. Only the confection- 
ery and beverage manufac- 
turing sector managed to 
improve its performance, up 
by 15 per cent to £3. 2 million. 
At least the company main- 
tained its dividend . 

The outlook for the full 
year is still uncertain. Tea 
prices have firmed and it is 
conceivable that tbe drought 
across northern India will 
lead to a supply shortfall 
when the higher-quality teas 
come on the market. 

The shares, down 4p at 
77p. are at a substantial 
discount to the revalued as- 
sets of 126.4p but tbe historic 
p/e ratio of 14 and the 7.7 per 
cent yield are already antici- 
pating doubled profits this 
year. Now would be the time 
fora bidder to enter the fray. 
Failing that, Finlay’s fortunes 
are in the lap of Sheikh 
Yamaxri = and the weather 
gods.- • 


COMPANY NEWS 


Doubts over US economy 


By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 


A drop in retail sales last 
month and a gloomy official 
survey of investment inten- 
tions has revived doubts 
about the US economy.' Some 
analysts expect renewed eco- 
nomic weakness to pave the 
way for a discount rate cut . 

US retail sales fell by 0.1 per 
cent last month, against expec- 
tations of a 1 per cent rise. 
This was tbe third monthly 
fall this year, compared with a 
0.4 per cent increase in April. 

Sales of building materials 
and petrol declined, but car 


sales rose. However, sales 
figures from Detroit m the 
first week of June suggest that 
this has not been maintained. 

- A Commerce Department 
survey of investment pros- 
pects predicted a 13 per cent 
drop in real capital spending 
this year, compared with the. 
0.9 percent riseexpected-in its 
last survey, conducted in Jan- 
uary and February. Tbe latest 
survey of investment inten- 
tions was carried out in April 
and May. 

The fell in retail sales hit the 


dollar against both theyen and 
mark, despite hints of Bank of 
Japan intervention. The 
pound foiled to benefit, easing 
a fraction to $13265. 

London money market 
rates were steady ahead of the 
inflation figures to be. an- 
nounced today. 

- • Tbe Commerce Depart- 
ment secretary, Mr Malcolm 
. Baldrige, said three employees 
would be dismissed for pre- 
mature leaking of gross na- 
tional product figures last 
year. 


The *bmbaM<mpkr^dKmfmM*emifibe Court ofil* Sack Enkmge. 


Paribas Concorde Trust limited 


(Incorporated in Guernsey under the Companies (Guernsey) Laws 1908 to 1973) 


£100,000,000 nominal of 9.364 per cent. Debenture Stock 1991 
Placing Price £9?.50per cent. 


Placing by ' 
James Carpel & Cot 


Application has been made to the Council of 
The Stock Exchange for the whole of the 
9.364 per cent. Debenture Stock 1991 
(“Debenture Stock”) /to be issued to be 
admitted to the Official List. 


nominal of the Debenture Stock. The 
redemption yield on the Debenture Stock, at ( 
the placing price, is 10-007 per cent. 


Share-Capital 


In accordance with the requirements of The 
Stock Exchange £13 million nominal of the 
Debenture Stock will initially be offered to 
the market and a further £10 million of the 
Debenture Stock wflE be provisionally 
reserved for the market on the date of pub- 
lication of this advertisement. Interest on t)ie 
Debenture Stock at the rate of 9364 per 
cent, per annum will be payable fwithout 
deduction of tax) by equal halfyearly instal- 
ments on 30th June and 30th December in' 
each year except that the first payment of 
interest, , which will be- made on 30th 
December; 1986, will be in respect of the 
period from 19th June, 1986 to 30th 
December; 1986 (both dates inclusive} and 
will amount to £5.02834 gross per £100 


bsmJaaJuhetsaxJ 
. fiBypaHororiud 

Avikatati . 0/aByjttal 

£ - m ■ - £ 
150.000 OnfianySbain of 5p each 12S.OOO | 

37.500 Defentd Ooimay Shafts of Spent 31.250 | 


The Ordmaxy Sha res and * the Deferred | 
Ordinary /^Shares of 5p each will rank pari | 
passu is respect of income and voting rights. 

Particulars’. of the Debenture Stock are] 
available- in the Statistical Services of Extel 
Statistical Services Limited. Copies of the 
listingPmicnlars relating to the Company 
may be obtained during usual business hours 
up to and including 17tfa June, 1986 from the ! 
Company .AnuouiKements Office of The 
Stock. Exchange and up fo and indoding! 
27 th June, 1986 from: ' 


Banque Paribas 
68 Lombard Street 
London EC3V1EH 


James Capel & Co. 
Junes Capel Home 
PO Boat 551 
.(BensMmb 
London EC3A7JQ 


13 th Jane,: 1586 





STOCK MARKET REPORT 


• STAVELEY INDUSTRIES: 

173p(15.5p)for 


Turnover £175.92 million 
6E18538 million). Pretax profit 
£10.84 million (£837 million). 
Earnings per share, net basis, 
S3. Ip (39.3p) and nil basis, 

• CAPTORS Total dividend 

5Jp(4Jp) for the year to March 
31. 1986. Turnover £107.91 
million (£9237 million). Pretax 
profit £638.000 (£325.000). 

Earnings per share 13.39p 
(10.28p> The board reports that 
the outlook for the conrent year 
is encounuing, 

• BROWNLEE: Total divi- 
for the 

The 

proposes a one-for-two 
scrip issue. Turnover £35.9 
million (£3435 million). Profit, 
before tax and extraordinary 
hems. £891 ,000 (£2.64 million). 


Dee fears institutions may 
ignore Fine Fare placing 

By Michael Clark 


dend unchanged at 4p for 
year to Mara 31, 1986. 
board proposes a one-for 


Fears that the Dee 
Corporation’s massive ven- 
dor-placing to finance tbe 
acquisition of Fine Fare super- 
markets may be given the cold 
shoulder by institutions is 
being treated seriously by 
Dee’s chairman, Mr Alec 
Monk. 


Earnings per share 4.1p (93p). 
MBER INDUSTRIAL 


Last night, he was address- 
ing a seminar arranged by 


• A1 

HOLDINGS: Total 
&5p (6p) for the year to 
31, 1986. Turnover £8.95 mil- 
lion (£7.08 million). Pretax 
profit £968,000 (£696,000). 

Earnings per share 2Z2p 
(I3.9pk 

• CALEDONIA INVEST- 
MENTS: Total dividend 5p 


(4jiMbf the yearjq March_3l, 


Turnover £1 1.03 million 
(£93 million). Pretax profit 
£837 million (£6.63 million). 
Earnings per share 5.73p 

• STERLING INDUSTRIES: 
Total dividend 2.75p (233p) for 
the year to March 31, 1986. 
Turnover £8.17 million (£636 


The first six months have been 
exciting for tbe Micros y stems 
Groom which came to tbe 
USM in January at 127p. It 
has just been awarded tbe 
contract to supply London 
Transport wife its Wayfarer 
system of meters to log season 
tickets and bus passes. Haring 
seen pretax profits leap from 
£148,000 to £139 million in 
the past four years, tbe market 

is looking for another big jump 
this time round. The shares, 
gnghaaged at 143p, StiD look 
good value. 


improvement over the next 
few days. It dosed another Ip 
lower at 225p last nighL 

As expected, most Stock 
Conversion shareholders de- 
cided to opt for the 720p cash 
alternative following the Pen- 
insular and Oriental's agreed 
bid for the property group. 

A i least 67 per cent of the 70 
million new shares issued to 
help finance the deal have 
now been left with the under- 
writers. Hoare Govett, the 
broker, is expected the place 
the rump of the issue later 
today. P&O dipped another 
5pto 513p. 

Elsewhere, prices were look- 
ing a little steadier after this 
week’s shake-out which has ‘ 
wiped £6,000 million from the 
value of quoted shares. A few 
cheap buyers resulted in a firm 
start to trading, but prices 
soon ran out of steam. 

The FT 30 Index, which was 
10.6 up earlier in the day. 


million). Pretax profit £858,000 
(£590.000). Earnings 


_ per share 

433p (3. lip). 

BRITISH LAND: Building 
contracts have been agreed with 
G and T Crampton for the 
development of the 360,000 sq 
ft St Stephen's Green shopping 
centre in the centre of Dublin, in 
association with Power Securi- 
ties of Dublin. This !r£50 mil- 
lion (£44.85 million) 
development will indude a 700- 
space, multi-storey car park and 
has been financed locally. Tbe 
covered centre will be com- 
pleted by the autumn of 1988. 

• Harrisons Malay- 
sian PLANTATIONS: Year 
to March 31, 1986. Second 
interim 7 sea Tbe board will 
propose a final of 7 sen, which 
would make 20 sen (against a 
total of 30 sen last lime). Preiax 
profit MSI 29.36 million (£32 
million), against MS 194.95 mil- 
boa Turnover MS 75 3. 98 mil- 
lion (MS 1,062.29 million). 
Earnings per share 18.7 sen 
(29.1 sen). 


James Capel, the broker, to try 
and convince fond managers 
that they should support the 
deal But the hard-pressed 
institutions are starting to take 
a firm line with companies 
and are becoming choosy 
about the number of fund- 
raising exercises they are wili- 
ingto underwrite. 

Too many of them are now 
finding that their liquidity is 
being stretched to the limit 
and that may soon be forced to 
sell part of their portfolios to 
meet underwriting obliga- 
tions- Most of them will 
require all the spare cash 
available to subscribe for new 
issues such as the Trustee 
Savings Bank, British Gas and 
Royal Ordnance, which are 
due later this year. 

Dee's brokers now look as 
though they might be hard put 
to find a home for all those 
new shares unless the market 
£rireranmanagesomedraaic 


eventually closed only 3.0 up 
broader 


at 1,304.1. The broader-based 
FT-SE 100 also had its early 
lead cut and showed a net gain 
on the day of 0.4 at 1.571.8. 

Despite the stronger pound. 


gilts ended with further losses 
of £K, still reflecting 
Tuesday’s disappointing mon- 
ey supply figures. 

Among insurance compos- 
ites, General Accident clipped 
5p to 669p as a line of nearly I 
million shares went through 
the market at about the 770p 
level. 

Grand Metropolitan, the 
hotel, brewing and leisure 
group, was unchanged at 395p 
following Wednesday's meet- 
ing with a large number of 
analysts and institutions. 

It was the first seminar the 
company has ever conducted 
and. judging by the response 
in the Gty after the meeting, 
could be the last Market men 
were unimpressed. 

The state of emergency in 
South Africa coinciding with 
the Soweto uprising sent a 
shudder through British com- 
panies with interests out there. 

Pflkingtoa Brothers lost 1 Ip 
to 41 5p, while Reckitt & 
Colmao tumbled ISp to S04p. 
South African mining shares 
were also under pressure. An- 
glo-American Corpration of 
Sooth Africa lost 25 cents at 
$9%. Consolidated Gold 


Fields 17p to 424p, New 
Central Witwatersrand 50p to 
£5.50p and Anglowtal “A” $1 
to $23. 

Slaters Foods dipped 7p to 
l03p despite some impressive 
figures for the year to April 5, 
showing pretax profits of 
£1.16 million compared with a 
restated £664,000 for 1985. 

This resulted from the ac- 
quisition earlier this year of 
Unde Wong Food Products 


announcement a £75 million 
rights issue from International 
Signal & Control, the electron- 
ic warfare group* The terms 
are expected to he on the basis 
of one-for-fonr. Market men 
are hoping the the group will 
sweeten the pill with some 
good news on orders. The 
shares of this US-based group 


recovered an early fall to dose 
at 270a 


unchanged ; 


for £2.1 million. Mr Derek 
Cooper, the chairman, says 
the group now boasts a num- 
ber of market leaders among 
its brand names and reckons 
that prospects for the current 
year are encouraging. 


RECENT ISSUES 


EQUITIES 


Accord Pub 
Alumasc (1_ 
Arlington [T1 

Blicfc (1^7 
Br Island 
Brodero (U5p) 


Clarke Hl 
Combined 



Templeton 121^ 

Tip TOC 


Tip Top Drug (1 
Usher (Frank) (1 
Westbury (l45p) 
Worcester (nfip) 


105+1 
71 
198 
173 +3 
93-1 
155 
145+3 


Wool worth lost another 25p 
to 760p following the in- 
creased offer from Dixons, 4p 
lower at 328p, which con- 
firmed The Times' report 
yesterday that it had bran 
buying in tbe market. 


RIGHTS ISSUES 


Dean a 
Debtor (1 
Densitron 
Eadia 
Evans 
Rekte 
Green IB (1 
Haggas (J) (1 
Jurys Hotel 


Cater Alton N/P 
Cfiffords Dairies N/P 
Crean (J) N/P 
Feedex N/P 
Garrard N/P 
Harris Qway N/P 
Lap N/P 

McCarthy Stone N/P 
Motynx N/P 
Nat West N/P 
Ne9 ft Spencer N/P 
Prudential N/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 


125 -5 
36+3 
335 
7 -t 
31 

7- 1 

8 - 2 
13-2 

48 
260 +7 
4+1 
148-5 


Bill Donald Investments 
has bought a total of 1.4 
million Woolworth shares at 
prices up to 800p. Bill Donald 
Investments is funded by 
Dixons. 

Mr Stanley Kalins, the 
chairman of Dixons, is due to 
meet a number of institutions 
later today to try and convince 
them to support the Dixons' 
cause. Dealers hope that Dix- 
ons could now enjoy some 
“new time’’ support 


“The third 


consecutive year 
of impressive profit 

growth” 


W.K. ROBERTS, , CHAIRMAN 



PROFIT BEFORE TAX £ MILLIONS 


PROFIT BEFORE TAX UP BY 31% 
EARNINGS PER SHARE UP 34% TO 53.1p 
DIVIDEND INCREASED TO 17. 5 p PER SHARE 


S Stave ley Industries pic 


Staveley House, 11 Dingwall Road, Croydon CR9 3DB 

Telephone: 01-688 4404 


. the 
that 
et in 
extra 
lesby 
etc is 
<ul its 
■ next 


its, at 
from 
tiltion 
£725 
£900 


msor- 
n, the 
il ser- 
lOpto 

iygain 


v- 




1 


inster 
ng its 
crtscy) 
her of 
/ News 
s Press, 
npleted 
h. 

it, APV 
er2pto 
•ted its 
ent to 

in Ben- 
k acting 
another 
VPV at 


■r a total 
tares, or 
e votes, 
t 955p. 


et office 
neni car- 
at is es- 
implcted 
million. 
ER RE- 
NVEST- 
Second 
.73p for 
0. 1986. 
3p. This 
directors' 
lerim re- 
1 >p and a 
period to 


i CORF: 
I. 1 986. 
31 (£6.58 
£333.052 
per share 
2p). The 
company 
ie second 
3 auction 
ig and il 
: crop and 
uciion. 
IOENIX 
llf-ycar to 
Turnover 
Loss be- 
■s 31.9141. 
.1 36. 17p 


S. 


top into 


W 8256 

CCS 


■rroation 


plication 
om tried 
th our 


(£499 ex 
torage. 
iger 11 

»).* It 

>r Pres tel. 
. (worth 


... £99.95 


t 


£99.00 

jmsfor 


£49.95 



main and may 


'JG 






finance AND INPTISTRV 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


* ^ A -St. 


WALL STREET 


I 


A 


klaxot 
dry la 
dearai 
best ki 
a jet- 
plane 
hangai 
remot 
in Ne 
shape 
plane 
er test 
Hal; 
can n 
mode 
their i 
aircra; 
traces 
echoes 
are 1c 
Then 
have 
tected 

Thi 
that 
“Royi 
“Top 
protec 
toy a 
who 1 
produ 
claim 
bomb 
says a 
ciaen' 
Tht 
serve* 
-pol 
nonu 
so se< 
did n 
hand' 
engin 
Aff 
“Har 
invisi 
lame 
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airen 
1975. 
open 
more 
succe 

Cooi 
• aHo 
“T 
most 


Nw York (Agencies) - 
Share prices pnlted back in 
early trading yesterday after a 
higher opening, with blue 
chips leading a retreat. An 
inability to improve on 
Wednesday^ rise triggered 
profit- taking ami weaker stock 

index futures. 

A 0.1 per cent decline hi 
retail sales for May fuelled 
pessimism on die economy and 
a strong opening in the bond 
market failed to inspire 

shares. 

Jun Jun 

11 10 

AMH 517. 531! BraSksna 

ASA 353 353 FstCKcago 

Allied Signal 44% M3 FstIntSncp 
Ailed Strs 43% 43% FstPeraiG 
AMsCttmra 4% 4% Ford 

Alcoa 40% 39% FTWachva 

Amaxlne 133 133 GAFCorp 

Am 'nfaKs 20% 20% GTE Carp 
Am Brands 84% Bi% QenCorp 
Am Can 73% 72 GenOymcs 

AmCynm'd 73% 72% Gen Metric 

Am EfPwr 25% 25% Gen Inst 

Am Express 59% 59% OonMRs 

Am Home 83% 83% Gan Motors 
Am Motors 3% 3% OnPOUtny 

AmSrnrd 41% 4i% Geneses 

Am Tetepft Z4K 2<% Georgia Pec 
Amoco 61% 60% Gdsta 
ArmcoSrorf 9 9% Goodrich 

Asarco 17% 17% Goodwsr 

Ashland OJ 55% 54% Goukflnc 

AlRWifUM 53% 53% Grace 
Avon Prods 33% 32 GtAtt&Tac 
BkreTstNY 46% 46% Gr'twd __ 

Bankamer J8Jt 16 GmmanCOr 
BkofBston 36% 38 Gulf & West 

Bank of NY 63% 63% HereHJ. 

Betti Steel 15% 15% Hercules 
Boeing 60% 60% HTett-Pkrd 

BseCascde 58% 57 Hommrat 

Brden 43% 41% Clods 

Bg Warner 31% 30% Ingersofl 
Bnst Myers 79% 79% WandSteat 

BP 35% 35% IBM 

BorTtonlnd 36% 36 WOT 
Bufton Ntn 65 63% W Paper 

Burroughs 59% 56% mtTefTel 

CmpbnSp 60% 58% Irving Bank 

Can Pacific 12% 12% Jhnsn&Jhn 

CatetpSer 51% 51% KatearWum 
Caiartsso 229% 228% Kerr McGee 

Central SW 28% 29% KmtrtyCIrt 

Champion 25% 35% KMart 
Chase Man 41% 40% Kroger 

Chm Bk NY 50% 50% L.T.V. Corp 

Chevron 39% 39% UtKm 
Chrysler 35% 35% Locklwad 
Ottowp 58% S7* Lucky Stre 

Clark Equip 22% 21% Man Hnver 

Coca Cola 112% 113 UamaeC p 

Colgate 41% 40% Mapco 
C8S> 133% 133% Marine Mid 

CUnbiaGas 39% 40 Mrt Marietta 

GmbtnEng 32% 32% Masco 
Coaiwtthfi 30% 30% McOonakte 
Cons Eds 41 40% McDonnell 

Cn Nat Gas 53% 52% Mead 

Cons Power 12% 12» Merck 

Cntrl Data 23% 24 UmstaMng 
Coming Gt 67% 67 MobiOtt 
CPC Hitt 64% 64 Monsanto 
Crane 31% 31% Morgan JP. 
Cm Zener 42% 42% Motorola 
Dan&Kratt 56% 56% NCR Corp 
Deere 29 29% NLfocfctrs 

Delta Air 42 42% NatDtottrs 

Dotroil Ed 16% 16% NatMedEnt 

□total Eq 87% 86% NatSmcndt 
Deney 50% <9% NorWkSth 
Dow Cham 58 56% NWBencrp 

Dresser bid 17% 17% OcadntPat 

Duke Power 42% 42% Ogden 

DuPont 85% 84% OunCorp 
Eastern Air 9% 9% Owens-M 

Estm Kodak 60% 59% PacGasB 
Eaton Coni 68% 68% Pan Am 
Emerson B 87% 86% Penney J-C. 

Exxon Corp 59% 59 Pwmro4 

Fed Dpt Sts 81% 81% Paplsco 
*E>*r aAture cImSmumiIM E1BB5 


But Otter Ceng Yld 

abbey umt trust managers 

80. HcHanhunt Rd. Bournemouth 8H8 BAL 
0345 717373 (LmfcSml 

GO a fixed 117.3 72* w -03 967 

Mgh toe EMV 937 3ttfl *05 4*2 

wandmde Bond iTfts isos* +c* bob 

American Growth 156* 1663 *13 257 

Ann Parte *12 *5.3 +0.1 2 78 

Assets 8 Earns 949 1057* +0.4 166 

Comm Reserve 66,« ebb -02 131 

Conn 6 Enoroy 65.7 702 . . 2-88 

Biropen Comal 835 B8JB +05 1.43 

tSwwral 13«5 1435 +09 256 

Japan 732 773 *02 .. 

UK Growth Inc 90 1013 +03 152 

OoAceum 1352 1453 +03 108 

US Emeneng Co b 674 Bi 4 +0.1 042 

EoMK Prograns 1M.8 20250 +13 323 

MasmnntAcc 613 B52* +02 153 


FOREIGN EXCHANGES 


COMMODITIES 



Jun 

Jun 


11 

10 

Hrastona 

23% 

23% 

Rt Chicago 

32% 

32% 

FstintBncp 

53 

57% 

FstPonnC 

8K 

8% 

Ford 

52% 

52% 

FTWachva 

45 

44% 

GAFCorp 

34% 

34% 

GTE Corp 

51 

50V 

Gen Corp 

74% 

74% 

GanDjnncs 

GanaecBie 

77 

79% 

75% 

79% 

Gen tost 

73% 

23% 

Gen MRS 

74% 

75 

Gan Motors 

77% 

78% 

GnPDUtny 

19% 

10% 

Oenesco 

2% 

2% 

Georgia Pac 

3T% 

31% 

GUESS 

42% 

42 

Goodrich 

39% 

40% 

Goodyear 

30% 

22% 

30% 

22% 

Grace 

56% 

56% 

GtAtt&Tac 

24% 

24 

Gr'Hnd 

34% 

34% 

GrumanCor 

28% 

28% 

Gtdf&Wfost 

61% 

61% 

Hertz HJ. 

42% 

41% 

Hercutos 

51% 

49% 

HTett-Pkrd 

42% 

42* 

Honeywel 

1C has 

60 

43% 

78% 

43% 

IngersoB 
hand Steel 

63 

22% 

22% 

IBM 

149% 

148% 

MOT 

14 

13% 

Int Paper 
bKTeTrai 

63% 

45% 

60% 

43% 

Irvhg Bank 

53% 

53% 

Jhnsn&Jhn 

BH 

68% 

Kaiser Akim 

19% 

19% 

Kerr McGee 

78% 

28% 

KmtrtyCt* 

66% 

84% 

KMart 

M 

51% 

Kroger 

L.T.V. Carp 

51% 

6 

51% 

5% 

Litton 

78% 

79% 

Lockheed 

51% 

52% 

Lucky Sirs 
Man H nver 

28% 

50% 

28% 

48% 

ManvflBCp 

3% 

3 

Mapco 

45% 

45% 


51% 

50% 

Mrt Marietta 

46% 

47 


31% 

31 

McDonalds 

99% 

100% 

McDonnell 

79% 

79% 

Mead 

49% 

48% 

Merck 

96% 

96% 

MmstaMng 

107% 

107 

Mob* on 

30% 

30% 

Monsanto 

68% 

66% 

Morgan JJP. 

84% 

81% 

Motorola 

43% 

43% 

NCR Corp 

53% 

52% 

NLfodstrs 

11% 

12V 

NatDtattra 

38% 

38% 

NatMedEnt 

73V 

23% 

NatSmcndt 

13% 

13% 

Norfolk Sth 

85% 

85% 

NWBencrp 

36% 

36% 

OccidntPet 

28% 

26% 

Ogden 

Out Corp 

3S% 

48% 

35 

47% 

Owens-N 

75% 

75% 

PacGasB 

21% 

21% 

Pan Am 

6% 

6% 

Penney J-C. 

78% 

79 

Peramrf 

48% 

49% 

Paplsco 

33% 

33% 


The DOW Jones tuirnfrinl 
average slipped by 538 points 
to Ui40.69. On Wednesday, it 
dosed &88 points higher at 
1,846.07. The ussier of 
shares rising slightly ootBsm- 
bertd those fM&goaa Tolmne 
of IS mSBon shares. 

Froehauf was the most ac- 
tive stock, op by tt to 44%. 
Speculation of an offer to top 
Asher Edelman’s $44 boosted 
trading. & Mart eftmbed by 
IK to 5214 and PamuD Knit- 


Jun Jun 

11 10 


Mrs 68 

ePst 10 


Raytheon 
RCA Coro 
RynktekM 


10 10 
66% 64% 

61% 61% 


6054 60% 


Dutch 77% 77% 
ays 45% 44% 

J» 62% 62* 


Singer 51% 51% 
SmindnBk 96% 97% 


43% 43 
31% 31% 


38% 38% 
32% 32% 


57% 57% 


Waite Fargo 98% 95% 
WstghseB 52% 52% 

Weyati'ser 34% 34% 

Whfripool 78% 78% 

Wootwonh 44% 45% 


14% 14% 


34% 34% 

lOi 36% 37% 


82\ 82 
25% 25% 


ALLIED DUNBAR UMT TRUSTS 

Abed Dundar Centra Swinren 9H tEL 

0793 610366 4 0793 2B29T 

first Trust 223.1 2385 +1.1 


Growth 5 Income 
Ganna Trust 
Balanced 
Accum Tnnt 
American Income 
Hgn income Ta 
Eoutv Income 
H^jn TWO 
Govr Sees Trust 


1341 1423 +07 2t8 

2282 243.0 +13 259 

351.7 3745* +17 321 
5395 574.7 +32 306 

305 323 +02 453 . 

2*6.0 2635 +13 4 73 

1383 1473 +03 478 

1413 1505a +03 551 


Smauer Cos 
UN Growth 
Erfra K 
GM 

me s oowft 

Nat Man tac 
Pref Shores 
Comaoaiy 

Financial Secs 

GoU 8 Gan 


Uw Enerojr 
weMTeot 
Araer Gnw*> 

Amr Income 
Araer Similar CM 
Aim Oow#i 
E uo Smefcr 
Fm East 

Hong Kora Prf 

Inn Growth 
tea Perl 
Jewel Del 
Ewmpr 

Exempt UmhW 


Govr Sees Trust 30 J 31.4 ..917 

irae mah o nai 701 832 +05 157 

Japan Fund 101.1 107.7 +0B 091 

PaoAe Truot 1B6.I 1B52c +09 138 

Amer Sed SM 660 7H3, +04 133 

Sees CM Amur Tst 2125 226 S* +23 092 
AU AMI Value 2235 23800 +02 327 

G« Growth 37.1 38.7 -02 252 

Smaller co’e iiba 1245 -02 355 

am Smew Co s 154 6 H»3 -07 2.44 

RwwrarvTiuB 325 879 -Of 3 13 

Met Ifln « Cmdty 7B.7 845* +04 223 

O aeas Eammgs iBia I930» +13 307 

Teehncaqnv Tat 903 882 +0 7 03* 

Income Simpl 12B2 1353e -03 58* 

E»™t Smeunr CD's 2253 2388 -OS 266 
USA Exempt TnM 3415 3615 +09 1 J 

AHBUTHNorsecumres 
131. Firahury ParnnwR. London EC2A 1AY 
01-838 9878 01-280 S5etyl/$3 
CMUI Growth Me 579 809 +08 11 

Do Aceun BIB 682 +03 1.1 

Eastern 8 me 1252 1339 +13 OJ 


BROWN SHB85T 
9-17, Pernnwin I 
0444 488444 
Rnaneui 
Gnmfll Amm 
Do hernia 
hgh bxame 
mean* 

Men Porttoio he 
Do Acc 

North American 

Oners 

Recorery 

Technology 

German 


Rd. Heywwds Head 

1188 127.7 +.19 291 

2170 233.4 +1.1 .. 

1385 1501 +07 1.02 

AM 703 *03 527 

780 81.7 +ffl5 4.82 

819 CM +OI 390 

1034 1112 +87 .. 

815 088c +09 128 
759 805* +03 025 
425 487* +0.4 1M 
1355 1487* +02 029 
284 3150 -0.1 845 


The suck Btcnange London EC2P2JT 
01-568 2888 


Da Aceun BIB 682 +09 1 72 

Eastern a mu 1282 133.9 +13 0_aa 

Do 6% WahoniwaJ 871 71.7 +06 096 

Finance 8 Properly 609 645 +0.1 233 

G* & fixed income 47 0 SOI ■ -0.1 79S 

Do Aceun 7B5 HLB» -«2 755 

Eotxty Income 74.1 792* +0.1 498 

Do Accum 173.1 185 !• +0.1 450 
Yaid Income 735 7B9« +03 7 SB 

Oo Aceun 19*3 2075* +05 758 

bin Aceun 713 782* .. 2.42 

Do 5% WnhOrwt 8*5 699* .. 242 

Managed Find 57.6 60.7 . . 

Preference Income Ms 325 -01 9.71 

Do Aceun 969 103.6 -0 * 971 

SnoBar Co s Accum 1399 1495* +09 153 
World Penny Shore 9.7 103 -0.1 071 

PortfC+o Tu UK 788 795 +07 150 

Portoio TM Japan Sl.B 981 +03 0.00 

Porttc+o T51 US 713 738 +D7 1.06 

Pordoao Tat Eurestd 992 1029 +02 QOO 

PORkSH TKHK 369 382 +02 0.10 


BAUJEOUPCMD 
i caenortas SL E 
031-225 2S8i (Dei 
BW Ex (22) 

Japan Ex 1*3) 

UK Ex (31) 

PHI Pens M 
P*u Pens UK 
B3 America 
6C Energy 
BG income Orwtti 


General Ik (4) 
Do Aceun (4) 
Income Fund fl] 
Do /man (3) 
am he (2J 
Do Aocun OJ 

SmatermcST 

Do Aceun (5) 


209.8 219.7* -3.1 87* 
335.4 3512* -49 37* 
1033 106.1 .. 521 

1812 1886 .. 521 

1229 127.4 .. 1J7 

1613 1084 .. 1.77 

£11 48 1215 .. 254 , 

€1212 1253 ..254 


CS FUND MANAGERS 

128 rttfi Hoexan. Umdon WC1V BPY . 

01-2421148 

GS Japan Fund 752 809 +05 027 

CANNON FUND MANAGERS 

Growth 2789 2835 -49 800 

Income 323.1 343 7 -M 498 

F» East ■ iBQT iso» -os 023 

N0TO1 American 1479 1579 -03 058 

GUM 469 409 -05 150 

Euopean 47.6 Ea.6 -Ol iJM 

Japan 487 518 -81 050 

CAPS. (JAMES) MAKAOEMENT 

PO Box 551 Bens Marks London EC3 7 JO 

01-621 0011 

Cawnl 8537 3782 +0.1 1.73 

income 2827 3024 +05 *38 

North American 3799 2984 +19 052 


4293 4482 1.13 

38* 4 3805 +47 024 

2245 2385* 147 

4480 471.6 
1899 2099 

1639 17*9 +1.7 023 

1238 131 7 +1.1 153 

1835 2059* -0.4 521 
1678 1783- +1.4 090 

1579 1E75* +03 199 


BAIUC TRUST HANAGOS 

2Sj2S ABennarte Strom. London WfX 4AO 

01-491 0295 




01-423 8314 
Get Trust ' 


1039 111 0* -0.11076 


487 882 +03 077 

Auflralan 19.1 205 -02 294 

Japan 8 General 964 105 3 +03 017 

Htgn In come 452 4iue +02 738 

UWtnJDOra Trust 754 807 -05 1.06 

hune G*h Ta 482 51.6 +03 497 

G*U S Fww tat W8 223C . . 1058 

CWIMvNB 356 387 *03 IX 

Special S*ravons 413 442 +03 1.47 

BARCLAYS IMOORN 
UKi-otn House. 2S2. Romford Rd E7 
01.53* 6544 


CSTTRAL BOARD OF FMAHEE OF 

CHURCH OF moLAND 

LOn * n «« 

01-586 1915 


awniesi ooncuL Btinaimr fuw 
2. Form Street. Undon EC2Y SAG 
01-588 1615 

Ueome 37335 • .. 4.76 

Acorm E10.7M3 

DBPOM 1080 . 895 


Amenta 834 687* +19 131 

Airjt Accun 1209 13B2* -63 196 

Do Income 822 wo* -19 ij» 

CepriU 6B9 723 +0.4 2.93 

Eteqf Trust 4164 4429* +25 397 

Extra Cncome 74.T 7B9 +02 5.37 

Fnencal 2212 233.3W +12 ai3 

500 2800 27S5 +03 309 

General 1333 1418 +89 315 

OH & fixed MC 550 578* -0.1 948 

J*P*1 8 Ben nc 1*84 1387 +15 0 17 

_ DO ACC 1481 1575 +15 0 17 

Growtn Accun 1755 I860 +1.1 226 

Income Trim 3Z7a 3489 +1 6 398 

UdUlTmt 79.4 84 4 -81 127 

Sttssal StUaaoRS I3B8 7487 +19 2.10 

BiCDSwy 1887 an.7 +88 243 

TrestwTuM 1069 1137c +07 290 

Utw Tech Acona 522 555 +64 022 

Do Income Si 9 562 +84 822 

Woritfmda Trust .1422 1512 +07 09* 

■a: Tm Hi* Fund ACC 3269 3379* +7.8 13* 

Do he 2059 2189* +15 394 

BARMQ FUND MANAGERS 
W Bob 158. BncfcArifttm, Kan BR3 4JOO 
01856 9002 


■Japan 8 Ben nc 
_Do ACC 
Growtn Accun 
income Trust 
Uduv Tint 
Soectal StuaaoM 
Reanwy 
Trustee Fund 
UnM Tech Acnmi 
Do hcam« 
Worldwide Trust 


CLERICAL USHCALUMT TRUST 


AmarGraunh 238 2S4 

EqutyFftgn bnm 417 *4«« 

EuropemGrowm 243 259 
Genual Eraety 37.7 402 
gw a fum h On 29.5 31.4 
o* > fix'd me 249 269 
Index Secuwes 259 279* 
JepanOrowBi 277 295 

OXRfrr BANK U1WF TRUSTS 

g^S^M.iMMnaaea. 

gss?sr a ss a 28* 


ISTlnSSi , 

SSegy ’S? r ?3? 

Grower mwfsmwra grss 2930 +14 24 s 

Mcorae 8 Growdi 389 429* +82 4.47 
JneiSH 8 PK«c 1413 1503 +09 152 

Mil Amur Gkowfh 1108 11 IU* +15 084 
Ml Recovery ioa .1 1I5D -82 l.B 
SmeBerCOl Aa 2179 -12 158 

Ofanal Ik Tat 55 1 588* -04 570 

CROWN IMT TRUST SBNldES 

OMH^woteig Gisinw 

High hoome Trvel 2379 2539 +19 615 

Growfi Trust 2187 233 9 . +15 808 

American That 1803 139.1 -07 072 

CRUSADOfUNir TRUST KAHABERS LTD 

wi^r ,W! “ L 

UK kKonu ran jjjb 

UK Gkowm Accun 805 . 299 

Do Dm 805 249 

ssesss- ss •* 

E7W UNIT TMJfT tfANAOCRS 
031-226 3483 

Amer*en find Ofci 735 ma 230 
CrmhI Funa SZG 995* -05 1,72 

Orowm 8 he fiaxi 1279 1388 -15 459 

H 1 M 1 CMt fiavj 1082 1138* -02 
Inftm a non a Puno 1825 1988 -3.1 lE 

Resources Fund 192 285 -83 849 

Sir* Jap Co t Rid 34J) 389 -82 

Tokyo Fund 141 8 151 7 -05 810 

g»1 Amer BI M35 .St? 

(Ex) Japan (j) 068 10Z8* -04 033 

(Ex) Pacific (4) 2S45 2B29 038 

(Ex) Smeller Jre (4) 1B15 1979 . . 0.10 

Eurakm) 234 250 -81 450 

CAOU BTAR UNmiUtT MANAGERS 

Bam Rom. Cheaenham. Qoeoeuar GLE3 7LO 
0242 521311 

UK Bounced IK 07 8 721* +88 258 
Do Accva 605 TM* +08 25S 

UX Growth Aeon 805 858* +03 190 
UK rash he he 839 888* +03 4.16 
M Am e n can Accun B50 903 +85 14* 


Awtrafe 
Esneni 
Equiy heeme 
Europe . 

Growti A IK 
Japan &MeM 
Japan Suutee 
fire Europe 
fire! Jaeen 
Fir* N Amer 


G35 E75* 
330 968 
5U ms 
109.7 1155* 
815 984 
915 582 
81 7 873 
958 UXLOm 
775 832 
493 937 


first Eraser CD's 036 079 

BARRMOTON MANAOEHENT 
10. Frodjut h St London ECS 
01-823 8000 


+48 030 
-03 030 
+03 590 
403 osa 

+04 350 
+09 030 
♦04 030 
-09 a® 
+07 090 
-02 150 
+02 290 


Pined kw 
Ft Kop ta ri toe 
.Do Aceun 
General toe 
_Oo Accun 
Oft Yie« Ik 
D e Aceura 
HWl TUid toG 
Do Aceun 
Juan Income 
DP ACCU" 

N American we 
Do Accun 
Poore income 
Do Accun 
SMr Ctfe toe 
Du Accue 


1223 1302 -13 2» 

82.1 SOM -04 T 40 
1013 106 OR -05 1.40 
1542 1635 -13 252 

2068 271.7 -l.B £52 

1143 HOI* -02 9 SB 
1818 1893 -03 988 

B6.0 90S -09 552 

187.4 1781 -1 1 692 

Ki 0 Z3U» +1.7 1.7S 
2228 234.4* +1 8 1.75 


N American toe 48.1 613* +05 050 

Do Accun 559 599 +0.7 090 

Pocmc income 1713 1Z75 +03 037 

DoAoum 1366 1*39 +03 027 

So* C 01 toe 781 615* -OI 192 

Du Accue SOI 959* -OI 152 

KBTANMA IflOr TRUST 
W-78 firuaxv Rnomera UxxJur BC2A 140 
01 588 3777 ttwl«g0l-«3B 8470/9 MoneyGnde 


OBOM)HWQ3 
Grown Gft 
hB flecorexy 


800 608 
1083 1133 


Far Eastern Aceun «a.i 878 
Eioopeui Accun S3 739 


+03 4.16 
+05 14* 
+07 057 
-ft* 1 IB 


STERLING SPOT AND FORWARD RATES 



IVlpram 

IT-lSprom 

2ft-l%pram 

7-4pram 

95-S950M 

37-74ds 

1-7<fls 

3U-4%dta 

2%-1%awn 



US economy pushed the dollar 
lower in fehiy quiet trading 
yesterday. Meanwhile, Ster- 
ling slipped by 10 points to> 
1.5265 and its trade-weighted,, 
index dosed at 7(U, down by 
QA. 

DOLLAR SPOT RATES 


intend — 

SJngipors . 


1%-1ppwn 

Sw te jl n MiMpB d iiWi1gBww0Qiffle78-1(te!^iBei7t1-784 

Rates soppSed by Barctay* Bank and ExtiiL UloydeDimfclnt*ri tetk»ll 


MONEY MARKETS AND GOLD 


SwBdsn 

Nonway 

Denmark 

West Germany 
SwAzartand — 
Nflttwrtends — 
Franco 


EURO MONEY DEPOSITS % 


7 days S' 3 ie-7 
3mruh 7 1 ie4 , *ie 
D waxc fa mu ric 
7 days 4ft-4% 
Smntti 4°r+4’to 
Frcncft Franc 
7 days 7%-7M 
3rmth 7 7 ie-7 s *e 
Swiss Franc 

7 dan 1 %- 1 % 

3mntti 4 , *re-4 ,, » 

Yen 

7 days 4%-4% 

Smntti 4 u re-4"M 


cal 7K-ft%i 

1 mnth T'le^B'^ra 
Gmntti 7%-7 
ctf 5-8 

1 rnnth 4*w^ 7 w 
fimntfi 4%-4% 
cal 7%-ft% 

1 ninth 7 , <*-7’r« 
6 mnth 754-7% 
CBN 2%-1% 

1mntti4%-4% 

Gmntti 4%-8% 
can 5-4 

1 ninth 4%-4% 

G mnth 4 ,j ib- ,1 w 



Bew Rates % 

Owing Banks 10 

FinancB House 10 H 

Macount MarkM Loans % 

Overnight High: 10% Low 7 
Week fixed: 10% 

Treeeury BSte (Discount K>) 

Buying Ssfcg 

Znrntn ft% Zmntti^ra 

3mntfi9"re 3 mnth 

Prime Bank BRta (Discount 
1 mnth 9 l9 ie-S% 2 mntti 9%-9 

3mnth9K#« Gmntti 9%-9>» 

Trade BMs(Oiscoiiit%) 

1 mnth lO're 2 mnth 10% 

3 mnth 10% 6 rnnth 9% 

Interbank (%) 

Owen%ht: open 10% ctasa TK 
1 week 1055-10 emntti 9"io-8“ia 

1 mntti IO'ie-10 9mntn 9 ,, is-ff'r« 

3 mnth 9 l3 ie^"re 12ntei 9%-9*« 

Local Authority DeposSa(%) 

2 days 9% 7 days 5% 

1 mntti 9% 3 mnth 9% 

Girmth 9% 12mtti 9% 


Locsl Auttwrity Be 

1 mntti 10 %- 10 % 
3 mntti l0%-9% 
Smntti 9%-8% 


2mnHi 1QK-10 

Gmntti 9% -9% 
12mtti 9VS% 


Fixed Rate Starting Export Fmanc® 
Schema iV AmtgB reference rate for 
Interest period May 7, 1986 to 
June 3. 1968 mcfoshiK 10.171 per 
cere. 


Staring COS (%) 

1 mntti lO'ie-O 1 "!* 3 mnth 9*i*-e”>a 
6 mnth 9»«r9'w 12mth9 B te« r M 
MtarCDenu 

1 mntti 6.90-6.85 3 mnth 635-650 

6 mntti 6JKHL90 12mth 6G54G0 


LONDON FINANCIAL FUTURES 


TTuaeMonib Staffing Open 

Jun 86 90-17 

Sop 86 9055 

Dec 86 - 90.84 

Mar 87.-.. 90.83 

Jun 87 HfT 

Sop 87 : N/T 

Prevxxis day's kitat open interest 1821 6 
Three MoMhEomMar 

Jun 86 9Z53 

Sap 86 9250 

D8CB8 92-66 

Mar 87 92.43 

USTreesuiy Bond 

JunBS N/T 

Sop 86 92-11 

Dec 68. N/T 


Shot G8t 
JunBS — 
Sep 86 „ 
Dec 86 — 


Bid Otter Chng YM 

"iii* 151 9 .. 138 

365 384* .. 2jjs 

575 61.7 728 

275 287c .. 7.42 

1965 2D9.6* .. 4JS 

1B95 2028 .. 451 

186 198* .. 10D4 

1188 124M .. 2.78 

435 455* .. 251 

1*5 15.7a ,, «J a 

155 170 .. 053 

64.1 68* .. 1-07 

3BJ *23 .. 1.75 

*32 450 .. 054 

915 '9T.B .. 3.44 

552 599 .. 652 

235 255C .. 055 

6C5 71.0 .. 1.73 

143 1S5 ..023 

43.1 465 ..057 

2 15 3*5 .. £28 

338 302* .. 152 

625 875 .... 

15.1 161 .. .. 

822 86.1* .. 358 

847 87J .. 4.14 


Sep 86 

DOC 86 

Mar 87 

FT-SE100 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 


UK Gdt 8 R toe 
Do Accun 


EMRJRANCE BIND MANAGEMENT LTD 
Admm Centre. Hwsum House. 28. MMtwn 
Road. Romiort] RU 1 3LB 
0708*6988 

Cnouranca lOftt 1103 .. 328 

BQteTABLE UNTO AIMNSTHA110N 
35 FOuritetn BL M wnrtvuu r 
081-236 5685 


N/T Kfi-00 0 

102-08 102-16 102-06 102-16 110 


Previous day's total open tnterest 19003 
121-00 121-00 120-27 121-03 82 

121-04 121-17 120-28 121-00 10462 

120-30 121-10 12030 121-06 140 

120-26 120-31 120-26 121-00 69 

Previous day's total open interest 2379 
158.60 15930 15&20 15060 477 

160.80 1B2JJ0 160.70 161 JO 129 


Bid OSer Chng ym 


545 57.6* -8.1 858 
557 S94* -01 842 


tod Growth 
Amercen Growth 
American toe 
Euraneen Growth 
GoH 8 MlnerMl 
Aon GrowBl 


875 725 
1327 3085 
33.4 385 
CM 1825 


ONE UNIT MANAGERS 
RofM Exenanao. EC3P SON 


CqmtaUe Retail 725 775 +C5 151 

Moll tocorna TWMt 7*A 7 020 *03*30 

Gtt 8 Read tot 5*5 57.7 -03 123 

TN 01 Inv Trusts 835 685 -02 152 

SpaoMSalhUt 785 807 +02 254 

ME Amer Itelt 584 825 +05 13B 

Far Euwn Thai 735 785 +02 058 


Bows Exchange. I 
01588 son 
GB 8 fixed tot 1825 .1274 -0.1 070 

Orowm Fraily ms 2IB5* -02 202 

GlEWdna . 280-1 2854 +1.1 259 

N A msneari 131+ 144.1 . +15 159 

Padfc 211.7 2235 +1.1 0.18 

Property Share 257.0 2745 +04 150 

Brouter CuBfwniea 206.1 2195 +15 151 

Brapaaa Trust 2105 2305* +02 122 

oue R em m ahon laernaw 

MAMAQCnS 

PO Box 442, 32 St Merjm+fflL London EC3P 
3AJ. 

171-523 9333 

HkB toooma 545 5B5 +0.1 858 

N Amur Trim 1105 1175 +12 093 

Recowy 1985 2125 -15 251 

GB TlUR 408 *2-1 • -0.1 058 

St Vtocert IK 839 885 +02 5*9 


EQUITY A LAW 

St Gauge Hn Cumuon St Cowewy CV1 
190 

0203 583231 

UK Growth Accun 1442 1534 +05 352 

Do IKOne 1233 1332 +1.1 358 


HUw toe Accun 238.8 2538 +13 *95 

Da tocome i92_i ss*5 +1.1 *95 

GAH/fixad Accum 1015 107.1 -0.1 257 

Do tocome 87.1 919 -0.1 287 

NtlAnwrTM Accun 1375 1402 *15 084 

Far EM TB Accun 1375 M07 +02 071 

Bril TM Accum 1405 1*89 -05 151 

General Tnnt 2285 205 +22 272 

F1CUNIT MANAG E M EN T 

1. Lauanca Poumay H5. LgndOO EC4B OBA 

01-823 4880 

Amencan Fund 718 785 +05 027 

Capo! Find M79 115.1 +05 041 


Si Vtocant US on aos 8*3 
Tenmto Bar Sm Co'e 1705 1850 


American Fund 
CKMM FW 
tocome fimd 
for Etriom firnd 
Ovkeaae hoome 

r~x — — -m 

fwqu I Wi m 

Nakaal Ras Fund 
Eu u paan tocome 


79.1 84.7 +02 451 

590 118 *02 038 

6 39 864* +05 355 
M3 824* .. 920 

385 395* .. *59 

895 74.4 +05 338 


Rl MVESTMEMT MANAGERS 

ISO. West George St Glasgow 02 2PA 

0*1-332 3132 


BMSncad Qdi toe 
Do Accun 
toctma GDi toe 
Do Accun 
Benroa Co's toe 
Do Accun 


415 442a .. 150 

422 445a .. .. 

385 42-1 • .. 850 

415 44.1 .. .. 

447 47 5* .. 150 

452 451* .. .. 


FteEUTY amSHATlOtML 
raw WUt. Toodnoga. TW9 1DY 
0732 382222 

American 987 1087 

Amu Equiy toovna 31.1 333 
Amor SpeoU 9M SD2 537* 
Fir Eta IK 307 327* 

GSS Ftxon Mt 305 322 
Grown 8 tocome 952 1015* 

Japan Spaces saa 382 *05 
-.Kan Trust H55 T235 

Mmow tot TM 1298 136.1 
UKhainf EqNV 744 794* 
PiUmtonW Mi 324 3*2 
South East AH TM 255 275 
Speoa Skt 1844 166.1 


t 3a > S3ori I 


Temple Bw USM 3535 3815 +728 28* 

HAMBROB SAME MBTTRUBr MANAGERS 
Prenrer UT Aomin, ft Rayleigh Rd. Brentxaod 
Essex 

0277 217916 

Hwnbras Sn* Go's 1295 1379 +02 158 

Habroe N Amer 895 784* +08 050 
Hanaro Jap & F E 1095 1158* +04 099 
Hanaro Scandm 78.7 815 -05 054 

Hanaro Euopoan 8BL1 93.7 -03 098 

Kenaro Canedan 475 005 +0.7 157 

Hwiaro Equiy toe 831 884ar -0.1 448 
itoa tor o i rtgh nc so.t ez9 +ai 558 

Hnbroa Rea ash 672 805 +08 292 

HEWOnON AONMSTRAnON 

Premier UT Arantotoualon ft ReyWgh Rd. Hum 

Brent wood E anttx 

0277-2T7238 

spaatl au Inc 1300 1885 +07 

Do Accun 1B30 1045 +05 

Racoreiy Tnur B75 HM +05 

CHW Grown too 684 630 +03 

DnAceum 874 735 -05 


financtol Trow 
Income S Growth toe 
Do Aceun 
Hgh tocome Hum 
E arn tocome 
SraaMr Cos Ow 
Pin &GB 
GB Trott 

fixed torerest That 

Gtabri llesRh cxf 
Gtobxl Tech 
Gold 

toto matenal 
Guw Bwmaces 
WmkMds (S) 
Austrakwi 
EuropHi 
Eun taaSer cot 
Japan Trust 


Amancan Exempt 8386 2 37*2 
Japan Exemot £37i5 3924 
Am Property Tat 5107BS.0 

PTOpany Ttaet 220835 


FRAHLIMaraNIJHITMANAOaBtr . 

3v Lonun mi Bags. Loneon WML London 

EC2MSMO 

01-628 5181 

Amwaouihe 2354 2804 +35 055 

Da Accun 2*04 2ffi6 *33 085 

Amer Tunwnd toe 2iz* mac +24 1.14 

DO Aceun 2195 2325c +28 1.1* 

CutW Til toe 197.2 2095 +15 220 

OoAceum 7BI2 2S22 +25 226 

COM A GB toe 880 SW5c -04 ftia 
Oo Accum 1184 1335c -04 S.ltt 

Extra toe TM taC 180 0 1702 +15 430 

Do Aceun 1702 I8i5 +13 430 


Amer S mata Cos 
Aimt n eco w r y TM 
ittm tocome Exempt 
BuNor Cos Exempt 
Euo Grampt 
Japan Exempt (5) 

N Amar 

Oobai Tacta Ex B 


Oo Accun 

H Growth fid he 

j&i?£itoc 
00 Accun 
MonB+y tocome fit 
F la coxwy 
Do Accum 
Euppaan he 
Do Accun 


2804 +35 055 

2556 *33 065 

3333e +2.4 1.1* 
2325c +28 1.1* 
2095 +15 220 

2522 +20 226 

948c -04 5.10 

1235c -04 S.16 

1702 +15 *50 

1815 +18 430 

18*4* +1.1 427 
T305W *1.1 427 
1775* +15 .. 
1B72* +15 . . 
030 +04 056 

8*0 +05 006 

805* . . 4.47 

1485 +0.7 1.75 

1585 +03 1.70 

663 +02 SJJK 

565 +02 OSS 


Ptuham End. Doming. Surrey 
0305 886055 


pp Eouiy Dot 

_Do Accun _ 

FP Fbeo tatOtot 
_^Oo Accun 
Ot aw MMMp EM 
Do Accun 

OriMTMASUGERS 

8to Floor. 8. OhoWi 
01-283 2575 Dealing 
UK Cap Fod toe 
Do Aocun 
Income find 
Pension exempt 
fraemsKm 
US A Owner* 

Tech & Growth 
Japan 8 General 
Far East A Gk 
E uoosan Fund 
Germany Raw 


1U3 205.1* +1-9 288 
322.1 3*15* +35 288 
1145 121 5* -O.l 558 . 
1305 1385* +45 689 
1644 1745* +1.1 150 
1(6.7 180.1* +V1 150 | 


*n So. London I 
01-626 8431 
955 1025 

138.7 1485 

777 822 
1815 1005 
is*.* teas 

815 sue 
712 782 
2112 2255 
917 88.1 
2157 2308 
805 E5.1 


+05 350 
+0.7 £30 
.. 820 
+45 2X0 
+15 1.00 
+05 080 
+0:4 100 
+17 070 
+13 050 
+15 ftfo 
1.10 


ftwmiareftMDMANMB'S 
2. ft llary Axn. London EC3A 88P 
01<B231»2 Dauog 01-023 5788 DoMng 0HB3 


6806 

American Trust 
AuriMhan Tin* 
Bricsh TM Accuc 

Oo DU 


can Trust 924 99 9* +15 000 

Wan Trust 164 175* --0-1 035 

i TM Accun 548 585 288 

OU *8.1 515 ■ 238 

Mttey Snare si 8 554* +0.1 154 

•an bum - 48.1 *84 *0.1 088 

tocome Tnnt *ft9 485* .. 845 

Bttin Trial 1173 IZ5.B +1.0 009 


HLL5AHHL UBTtRUBTMMIMpB 
NLA Tower. AddwconBa Read. Croydtxi 
01-808 4355 01-828 8011 

5207 5545* +74 32S 
905 1030 +06 273 

1829 19*3 +35 333 

1155 1234 +02 050 

1124 1195c +15 200 
357 7 380.6 -01 2.7* 

293 ass -0.1 »62 
428 *53 -08 732 

637 873* .. 507 

820 B73» *02 *49 
1145 1222 +18 288 

340 362 +02 0*1 

303 328 +0.1 266 

1808 1924 +08 297 

SO® 6*3 +03 ISO 

94.8 MOB +08 248 

M RIND MANAGERS 

ss- Oueen Aimee Qua. London SW1H 9A8 

01-222 1000 

a BrS & OeaM 1207 T3BO* +07 1.70 
B Hgh tocome 544 S73 +0.11000 

a Security GB 564. 601 . 200 

wrerenant tm Fad 858 naa* -07 340 

KUGMWORT BENSON __ 

20 Fanchuteh EL London BBS 
01-823 8000 

C 8*8 88.1 -03 084 

888 89.7 -07 .. 

: IBS 209 -02 233 

2*7 a* -02 . 

121.1 1293* -13 U9 
2015 2155* -15 .. 
sea raw* +ob ire 
1045 lifts +07 
X 902 953 +0.1 

905 938 

j lflOB 1714 +13 131 

2101.2338 . +15 . 

Inc 273 295 ' -03 072 

455 48.1 -OJ .. 

toe 407 434 4.1 018 

415 437 -0.1 

L 5 C UMT TRUST MAMOEMBlr 

Gap8ul Aw. EG2 r 7BE 

tocome Fund MO «SU *57 

hii e mK rial 8 Gan 2*01 2*5-1 07S 

LEGA L 8QS C1AL UNIT TRUST 

MANAGERS 

S- RariKto Road. Branwood Eun 



Far Easam Truer 1173 izob 

ra«] ImerM Find 265 285 

Qa TruK 274 285c 

Oubai Raid Accum iA£ IBM 

Do Gwt 15D7 1604 

Onto sure Toot 10.1 107 

Hedged American 303 325 


.. 545 
+1.0 009 
.. 059 
.. 858 
+15 023 
+14 023 
.. 2.70 
+04 0 10 
+02 622 

-021 15* 


EMV DWtUM ms me *23 2.41 

De Accum 4168 4485 +83 241 

Da turn 


Hedged American 303 305 +0*010 

Hurtoeema hum istj 1*75 +02 &22 

Hotj riOTj Tru« 254 27.1 +92 1« 

toneme Fred 73.1 783 -01 331 

kwunn AganOM £4830 4838 -021 154 

Japan Trow 1273 1358* +2.1 050 

UaugW Exwnpt 2807 2716 -Ot MS 

0* l&wrgy Tran gg.8 383 +0.1 

Spawai Sis itrea 903 987 08i 

UK Gnar Ge Ren TM 088 7*8 .187 

QOVETTIJOttOUHD'IMNAeBEEIIT 
VMcM+wr H4+, 77. Lcoccto Utorion EC3SJ 


On Income 802 B4+ +03 459 

Eump 838 682 -03 151 

S 'Mias 924 saa +05 086 

G* ThW 784 835 +02 635 

M Managed 735 793* +08 MS 

Naum fin SZ-i 66J -03 254 

N American Trust 7*3 798 +09 249 

UK SMB* as 803 653c +01 2.15 

LLOVDSBANK UMirtRUBr MANAOBB 
Ragwnare DpL Gortog-BqrOea, VtorWng, W 


Do Accun 
(toeraw tod 
Do Accun 
Extra tocome 
DP Accum 
German Odi toe 
Da Acorn 


1783 1912* +14 359 
3183 9*04 +04 209 

472 604 -03 350 

520 553 *02 350 

1563 1585* +03 5.10 
200.1 Z9B3 +0.1 3.10 

ns 828 -02 014 

3B3 BZ3 -02 0.1+ 


Hong Kong 

Porugsi — 
Spam- — 
Austria 


.13890-1^720 
.22195-22215 
. 25060-2^080 
.0^881-06888 
. 15865-1 J875 
.7.1450-7.1500 
.7J325-75375 
. 8.17008.1750 
.22065-02075 
, 1^2301^2*5 
.248402L4K5 
, 7JB35D-7JM0G 
. 165J0165JQ 
. 151fi£-15liJ 
_ 4ft03-45i» 
, 73050-73070 
. 14020-143.70 
, 1414)0141.10 
_ 15JMS52 


LQMXM COMMODITY 
EXCKMK3C 

GW Joynsoo and Co report 

SUGAR (From C-Ctarnfiawl 

M 

^ch — -J 

8 ==ag B 

COCOA 

July 130*02 

Seat. - — 132M6 


PrieafoEpre u w Hi fck ren* 
S8v« fa pane* p«t trey ouoc* 
SadoWWofl 0 CP.UH. report 

Throw month* ■ ■ _7en 

Three Months- rja 

Uni ™ 

ToW — SmdybatflyiO 




KfcCaoiB.iOAjaappM'hote 


w^SSSSf 1 "* 


.QEt ( ipkn. 1 *51ppnf*a ,w 


OTHER STERLING RATES 


Anjentoia austral* ~ 
AusiraB a Alte r 

Bidwakidinv 

Brazil cruzado *m> 

gSSSSSS— : 

Greoca drachma — 

Hong Kong ttolar - 

tecEs rupee 

beqdrar 

Kuwait cftnarKD __ 

Matevsra dollar 

Maxicopeso 

New Zealand doiar. 
Saudi Arabia rlyal _ 
•S-re.aporB dollar — 
South Africa rand _ 
UAEdktMni 


1988 

Hallow company 


. 1.32801-3314 
.2217022214 
.0374005780 
-.21X&2120 
. U.758O0.78B0 
. 72315-72715 
. 2102M1225 
. 11.920-11533 
1820-19.10 

,038500^6 
.3580032884 
_ 9602-10100 
, 2.7823-27944 
. 5.7115-5.7515 
. 3290032356 
4.183042039 
. 5294062345 


i CCmxc 

July - 178075 

■Inn 188S-90 

S f .T SS 

SOYABEAN 

June, 1250222 

B==a»si 

Sg 1282272 

128^-0 

vofc — 741 

GAS OB. 

July 

Aug — . .. 

Snpt 

Oct — 

Nou 

Dec - 

Jan 

Feu — 

March . ■ 

Vofc — 

LONDON METAL EXCHANGE 
Unofficial prictra 
OffUaTTniaomr figures 


.SuspBfKM 

Tftnw Months .... ■■ - 

vrt — 

Tons 

27502782 

ThrBB Months— 278LOOTJ 

v« — ■sJS 

TOW. .SttMW 

ZWC STANDARD 

Cash 45024802 

The as Months-. j= 

Vtf-. sj® 

Tow™ O" 4 

Three Months — 547IW452 

Wit — -gras 

Tone — - Saady 

3452^462 
Three Monttis — 3S323S4.0 

Vre „ , 2 

Outet 

SILVER SMALL m 

Cash 34552462 

Three Months — 3535«42 

VQI Nn 

Tone OaW 

AUflMMUB 

Cash 7B2JW832 

-Thrae Months — 70357642 

Y-* 7400 

Tone Qwa 

NICHLL nn 

Cash — 27102720 

Threw MoiKhs 2725-2726 


BtgMandWBtac 

CsbIv wo down 32%. evo. 


BW6S»“ 



p.p*rk*> 

Ugntti - . CtMo Oqm 

*2 ' '*n mo 

Aug. - WlO bp* 
S*?l «2 l»0 

- LONDON VOtQ 

FonaoRnunsu 

t par atom 

itentti Om> Gta 
New . . - . 8526.-' 8450 
Pah 8620 

un . ItSJJD 11420 
Key .TZroQiH.48 
Nov .. 87.40 3390 
. - ^888 


OM.»«MMRfoBwUI 

i i 


LONDON GRAIN FUTURES 

Epwtocm 

Wbast Bratay 
Montti Oose Ctes* 
July 11125 

Sen 9920 97 JO 

>3v TOT .85 1D1^ 

Jsfl 40450 10420 

March 107.40 T0650 

May 11005 108.15 

Vaults: • 

Wheat 

Barter 7 

WNDCreMEATWTUBBS 
EXCHANGE 
Pig Meat 
-p.p*rk8e 

JST °SSx c 1S5 

& JiJ !Si 

Otf 1112 • 111.4 

nS \gS rnB 

jan 1032 HH3 

SL 1032 V&5 


JU88 82923230 8B2 
Oct 88 88203862 OM 

WES*- W2 

ACT 87 78151119 7322 

3d 87 7000-7002 7012 

0d£ 7H02 

837S 

Apr 88 • 8702 


I 


Vat 2M tots 

TAMCERHEPORT 

Jon 86 1^04% a ^06O 

JulK 1035-T03S 1035 

AegK 1000-996 995 

sgpse iDUKMho wo 

ltec86 non 

Mar 67 tfso 

Vat 38 lots 
OpwawesKO 


11662 doian 52 


High Low Closer EstYbl 

9010 9015 9019 390 

9074 90.64 90.72 2032 

9059 9052 9058 223 

9057 9079 9055 65 

9070 0 

9055 0 

Previous day’s tola! open Interest 21 87G 
9228 9221 9296 766 

9259 9075 9257 4214 

92.75 9253 92.73 302 

9252 92.41 9251 228 

Previous day's total ogantoierest 5234 

93-15 92-02 92-28 10437 

92-25 0 


Amar Trust 
Ang Artur Sk 


ft Emm Sac 


GononurOal 
CraGcem Japan 
Daroy toe 
Do cap 
Draym Cans 
Drayton Far East 
Drayton Jean 
DwdM Loss 

Edto Amer Asm! 
Edtotrunh 
BeoUtoftm 
EngUsn M 
Engtoh Sect 

Etaqn 

F SC Asanca 
FACP8CA: 


BrM Sent Amar 
Pm Un Gen 
fi eromg American 
Fleming Omrer 
RenWig GwiroriM 
Ftammg Far EbH 
Fleming fiedgang 
Rmig JfiwJi 

n,i,.fcii . * - - - — - 

nfifHBlQ 1111 HIIHI 

Ffeaw gOWMl 

fimang Tech 

Bmwng IMveraM 

Fu-CU 
GBC Caooal 
GT Jipm 
GwiaraJ Fimds 
General Con* 
Gfecgaw Sto* 
dona 

Gown Abac 
Gowm Oriental 
□nett Strategy 


Gross 
<*v YM 

Oi'ge pence % PIE 

7! 3.1b 33**2 

-+g 2S.6 S9K3 

4.4 133U 
*3 aa zb sa a 
aa oa .. 
... aatr 3S*zt 
+i aa 

#.. 27 *B3Z7 

07 14 5*4 

• .. £1.7 62Z74 

3.1 33 433 

-3 3Q0b 36 305 
.. IL5 02 . 

.. 120 8.6 16.7 

y. 1*8 45 322 
-2 14 Dfl .. 

-1 T A 02 .. 
.. 77 as ns.* 

.. as new.* 

• +1 47 334L5 

.. 66b 14805 

.. 65 37 365 

.. 20 22 5*5 

.. 20 13BS4 

.. 2B 25530 

-1 11 1.1 717 

-2 11 8 *2 32* 

.. 143 *5 303 

.. 37 102 7.1 

37 16 831 
.. 73 *3 323 

.. 128b +0 315 

•-1, 1.4 12 .. 

36 27 521 
-1 37 oa .. 

+’* 5 13* 388 

.. 38 28*54 

33 23343 
* -2 38 22 61* 

-1 21 24 fiftl 


1988 

Fugh Lou 

250 215 
19* 158 

307 263 
ees se a 
28* a** 

58 *5 
101 80 
132 110 
233 188 

70 56 

71 61 
128 102 

187 161 
139 126 
165 137 
29* 215 
360 318 
4*0 390 

68 *9 

188 158 

6V: 50': 
»8 183 
329 278 
31 *4 

308 279 
178 1*6 


Graoneni Home 225 
Hamtro W 

H* in ®3 

tom m Satan wo 
lm Cap 272 

JbOH AMS H 
HMTOl QaeW 93 
Wearworto TMaa 122 
Law Denaomra 20. 
Lon Marchuattac 6i 


Monti ui 

Murray tocnma i« 

Miaray M 160 

Afurray SsoB 3SH 

Mura* Vacua 372 

New Court *30 

New Danaa O* 59 

928 183 

NEfSrog toe 83 60' j 

Naxr Tokyo SI 

Nth Altsmc SK 30» 

Nth Sex Anri ** 

NOm Amar 3*8 

Ouiw«h 163 


drv YM 
■ pwxa % PIE 

33 28 27.8 

8* 35*06 
134 56 2+ 9 

82 12 935 
BOO 2A 773 
Ot 03 .. 
33b 34 40.1 

90 *0 274 
32 &215J6 
3.1a 97 21 A 
8.1b 93 306 
37 13 721 

77a 52 274 
7.1b ** 34.1 
Un I* .. 
mem 27 610 
213 AO 290 

09 USM 
57 31 358 
*8b 79 170 
1.1 05 .. 


1986 _ - 

High law co-figany . P«— 

122 95 TB Oty txicm Ototw 

S W TRtodI Oao MS 
201 TBNMSMfia* 216 

101 » TH Moral Amy » 
170 118 IB Faerie fib** » 
ire MO TO Propeny OT 
118 90*i TO Teen TOR 


|7* K5S TO 

168 135 Tamo* BV 1 

305 287 TW WW 5 

363 300 HOOB Seemed CK>: 

205 157'j Toes 08— i c , i 

1*1 112 Trftnea - ■ I 


64 Tg. Tratae w toc M 

265 217 us uaxran 25* 

ffi 36 V*mg Rnutxt *fl 

74 BO wa am o ai » 


«to YM 

Q»~ga preaa % WE 

+-1 5— Si 338 

+t 57 30 438 

-- UA AS 232 

+3 U 27 533 

4 14 03 . 

IT 32330 
•+t 23 24814 

+1 33b 48 337 

-■ 73 5lOS4 

+1 1T3 *3 335 

+3 

53 37 9114 

-4 33 3.1 234 


153 173 01 
+3 83 37138 

2B 67 20* 

22 37432 

+5 23 30422 

.. *122 31 

.. T37B 33332 


78 88 Paste Assets 
38 33 Oo Wrras 
*2 37 PMsuaiAaM 

*03 338 Raatem 
i7i 147 Rnar A Marc 
238 218 Rnar Ptow 
2*7 297 dabecn 

226 101 fWreo 


N 

37 

38 
*00 
161 

2*6 . .. 
201 +1 
220 


77b 27803 
*9 30413 


as 13 .. 

25.8 33 403 

36 53293 
12.1 *9235 


FINANCIAL TRUSTS 


171 -3 

184 

JiO -2 

132 


20b 12 .. 
39 16854 
159 £1 272 
33 25536 


308 +2 15.7 *5 294 

13* • 4J0b 34*17 

188 *-1 33 18 814 

.218 -1 31 2* 814 

325 .. 24 07 .. 


322 

267 

Romnair 

317 


7.1 

. 22 485 1 

t3H ii'j Rorano 

eta*. 




138 

116 

SI Andrews 

-us 


*.i 

30*59 ' 

37* 

297 

Srassrth . 

388 


89 

26 619 : 

309 

273 

Serf American 

308 

• .. 

9-70 3.1 433 

m 

89 

Sox tenant 

TOT 

+1 

29 

2-7 580 

420 

390 

Serf Marc -A' 

405 


250 

62203. 

sis 

*02 

Soot Mere 

*98 

0*1 

UI 

2*515- -; 

318 

245 

Scot Ntt 

290 

• .. 

73 

265*3 

670 

570 

Second Altenoe 

6*0 


2*Bo JB32JL .. 

170 

136 

Sec Of Scodaod 

162 

• *! 

7.1 

442L8 

7V 

67 

Sataer Cpa 

TV 

• .. 

29 

28 6ft! 

38‘j 35 

Smart Enters 

38 


06 

13 .. 

102 

82 

tb Amnia 

85 

■-a'. 

. 33 

urn 


4JV Amenta 
71 31 Aigyto 

*8 21 BMBM 

IS* 1i6 Broun 


«'< 13 . P— w 

I6*e 12% Do A - '. 

156 181 Been 
121 SB Eng TnWO 
-M7 187 ExtXI 
HU 86 EX|XU—Wxi 

SCO XT5 fiwini gio n 
84 77 Fkoxt dp 
MS 77 GaunOOM) 
•16 980 HanmanAaow 
sm tm to* 

«*0 320 MAI 
975 7BD MAG 
382 264 Maroredto Hewn 
99 a paedetant 
26 16 Do Wwrm 
208 W2 Saadi NnirCagd 


-1 60 
+'• «3 
+'o BU 
+1 59 

*o 

l+fi 60 
33 
63 

b .. 84 

25 
.. 387 

+1 129b 


fid Ote Chng YM 

783 6l6to +03 172 
860 705 +06 06* 


BM ORer Qmg VM 


+07 *97 
+04 621 
-0-1 2.1S 
•0.1 017 


*13 ISO 
+1.1 0.18 
+04 160 
+12 161 
+02 132 


tocome 
Do Acorn 
led Tech 
On Accun 
Japan Oowth 
Do Accum 
N Amer ( Gen 
Do Acaun 
Paata Bun 
Do Accum 
Sawder Cos A Roc 
Ob nn 
WMdwue Growth 
Do Accum 
(ffC Ckowdi Raid 


Ml 28U 

3349 5613 
1766 1886* 
1845 1973 
709 759 
71.1 760 

1022 1092 
1099 1174 
114.0 1219 
1160 127 2 
1869 19696 
2061 2225 
1612' 19676 
28 42 2724 
SKfl 


+06 441 
+1.1 441 
+05 041 
+07 041 
+04 002 
+04 002 
+68 096 
+19 008 
+65 627 
+64 027 
-05 192 
-05 192 
+09 097: 
+12 697 
690 


BM Otter Chng YM 


Murr ay Jow tSTONguranrauw 

HAMAGEKNr 

166 Hope Srere Gtosgow 02 SUN 
0*1 221 9232 

American 1112 1199 +14 320 ' 

European 2225 2375 +37 683 

OraSerObS 2074 22146. -93 193 

HATIOHALPROVIDOiriNVESnbENnr . . . 

KUtAGSffi 

48, ftacacixnh SL EC3P-6HH - - 
91-823 4200 Ed 26B »■ 


BH Otter Cbng YM 


5*0 569 +61 638 

1103 1179 +13 093 

1965 2123 -1.0 231 

468 *2.16 -61 686 
839 865 +02 549 


+14 071 
.. 3.17 


LONDON 6 NANCHRBTER 
YW n o to da Park. ExaMr EXE IDE 
0382 521 55 

General That 426 4566 +61 660 

tocome That 379 366 +02 590 

toto m attonei That 315 3376 +03 190 

BIBJECWIEt 
Three Qum. Tower Hi BC3R 6BQ 
01-628 *588 
Amer 6 Gm toe 
Do Aoaan 
Amer Rwxmry 
Do Accum 
Am finreer CDS 
Do Accun 
Am A Gen Me 
^Oo Accum 
doom 6 Gen tec 
Do Accun 
Compound OrttePi 
Conwmwn Growth 
Do toe 

Dhuwid fimd toe 
Do Aram 

Europexn & General 
(to Accum 
Extra VWO tec 
Do Acaxn 
Fir Eastern toe 
Do Accun 
Fund 01 few toe 
Do Acc 

General toouna 
•to Acaxn 

m a rand mt 

Do Acaxn 
Goto tocome 
Oa Acaxn 
Hgh tocome toe 

Do Acaxn 
bW Growth toe 
Da Acaxn 

tad he toe 
Jun & Gen toe 
Do Acorn 
J4pui Sratar aoc 
WU A Geo toe 
Do Accun 
Racawny Raid too 
06 Accum 
Sacred Gen Ik 
_O o Accum 
ftnaterCos toe 
_ Oo Accum 
Truatee Raid toe 
Do Accum . 

Chartxxid toe (3) 

Oa Aocun Ffl 
Ouritred toe J2J 
_ Do Accun (25 
Randan ExamptD) 

NAAOFtocrt 
Do Aacam (8) 

hm uarnusr managers 
11. Dmmme Sq. London EC2M *VR 
01-623 «Z73 I 

Eeuty Exempt 3966 *1*1 +19 241 I 

Do Acaxn . . . 9019 524.1 +29 241 , 

UK Marital Fanure 739 789 -04 161 1 

DO Acaxn 759 81.1 -6* 191 I 


HP! UK 
Do Accun 
NPl Owneas 
□o Accun 
Far EM Ace 
Do ONI 
Amancan Acc 
Do DM 


1866 2U26 -2.T 3.10 
3206 3*1.16 -34 310 
. 5411 6769 . - +02 090 I 
8649 7074 +63 600 

729 .779 . +03 010 
729 775 +02 610 

57.0 BOJm -08 160 
964 6096 -06 199. 


jn raa anant T hai 
■RtamsBonal 
Japan Growdi 
Japan nmteter Oaa 
Ateaterta d 
Naa> Technology 
SEMrGnre 
Sams 

ScoDhvM 

SconwSSS 

Sated fedRiMteaMI 

SNterCoT Me 

SmoW stoarioox *. 
. OtEmatr 
i‘i. Growth 

tlnrasaGMP 


837 605 
1659 1129 
629 677 
1156 1233 
27.6 7KH 
9*9 1005 
.860 9*16 
ttftl- 1337 
15*1 16*96 
1583 167.1 
720 769 
1555 1673 
944 10190 
1788 1819 
7*5 794 . 
819 869 


NORWICH IMON - 

PO Bre * Norwich NR1 3NO 

0803822200 

Grot® ThMt £1195 1227 +009 355 
fed Ihut 1247 1313 +65 191 

OP PP ltBMEH TRUST HAHA fltfim fr 
Gft. Cannon SfeaM. LredCXi EG4N 6AE 
dan teigt 01 -MB aWBWWBWiO 

1339 1436 +04 020 

. 538 883 -04 201 

'829 88.46 +03 096 
34.3 387 +04 600 

846 SS-T® +07 130 
589 827 +61 060 

53.7 8796 -02 069 
474 867a -61 022 

324 3*7 -61 792 

519 5*9 .. 23* 

934 994 .. 224 

PEARL TRUST 

252. HM HdteORI. WC1V 7S 
0140884*1 


Growth Raid toe 
Do Accum 
haxxna Fond 
tod Equay too . 
Oo Accum 
. ft* Trust toe 
Dp Actum 


B7.7 936 
1818 1*02 
1160 1265 
1237 1316 
1Z3.7 131JS 


+05 2.10 
+69 2-10 
+68 372 
+69 129 
+09 120 


1219 13196 +12 268 
21*5 22626 +29 299 


PERPETUAL IBSTTRUST 

H9rt “* 00 Thlm “ 

8*91 878888 

to# Growth 266.7 2795 

toam 1903 204.0 

woripwkto Hac U6J 1X3 

Ante Growth 717 7T9 1 

In# Eaerg CO S 779 833 

Far East Grwth B83 733 

Enopaan BUi 560 569 


PnOUmCUMJT TRUSTS 


♦13 081 
+1.7 443 
+17 1 JB 
+33 07* 
+06 091 
+64 098 
+12 149 


i m e m aannw 1112 1192 -07 066 

1 * 0*1 tocome 809 6+fla -09 *18 

CwwiGJfe 971 10396.. -07 63S 

Far Eaaawn isss iB89 +o.i aoo 

Norte Anmcan 1386 1*89 . -69 098 

5fWO*l Saa 709 75.8a -a* i s* 

TudxxXogy i2o.9 i2fi.Bte -19 aoo 

Earn mam- .887 B24e -07 498 

FRJOSITIALUNirTIIUST MANAGERS . 

smubaw. Okxtj Exw Wi 21X 
01-478 3377 


-Ot 264 
862 
+67 .. 
*03' ... 
+5-i *n 
-03 .. 
+06 3.M 
+65 298 
-02 886 
+0.1 698 
♦05 198 
-04 4.12 
-03 194 
-61 252 
-+064J* 
+04 t«5 


+15 086 
+15 096 
-63196 
*63 196 
-OJ MB 
-61 T.16 
■ ■ 699 
+01 699 

51 IS 

+04-499. 
+09 499 
-12 050 
-15 O 90 
+68 010 
-64 1.10 . 
-04 1.10 
+61 1.18 
+61 MB 
.. 191 
... 19s 
+14 025 
+14 025; 
+07 aiO' 

■ass; 

.. 255; 
+02 123 
.. 325 
+0.1 562 


33-38 GracachurcR St Lredba EC8V (MX 
01-623 577B/S711 

UK EMIy toe 239 255 -61 516 

„ DoAcc 239 255 -0.1 8.18 ! 

Eiaa Tat toe 233 2*M -61 too 1 

Do Acc £33 2*M -0.1 130) 

OoM Gth toe 272 268 +02 150 

Do Are 27 2 290 +04 150 

Managed Bmmpt nOO 1203 .. *00 


Paote fee 
DoAceate : 
tori toe 
. Do Accum 
fl ate cto d Ote* tec 
Do Acoxn . 


fid Ota Dug VM 

1387 >475# +12 037 
1*33 >S24« +12 037 
2889 3070 +19 143 

3Sft9 3199 +23 143 

BT3 863 -03 168 

672 715 -04 1.85 

*02 469 +03 237 

444 473 +63 237 


TRROCnittBr MA N AGERS 
gytrawte. fid. A im a a y Burea 

teMr.6Mte : -4x 129 78M +U 008 
MaavWNB VtoGr US ill -02 Old 
Cmredd . , Ml 71 4 +01 1.76 

Bteur 301 323 +02 208 


gCHROOBt UMrrnjUBT • 
Euia rptaa Hons*. Porunooti 
‘ 0708 827733 
Amrecan toe 
Do Accun 
Ausmhsi Inc 
Do AOCora 
Euppare tec 
Do Accun 
G* S fixed toe 
Do Acaxn 
Gou Raid toe 
Do Aceun 
tocuiM 
D o Aocu n 
to# bone 

Do Aocun 

Jap Smte Co s Ac 
Smjwmm * Matey 
Do Accun 
Smalar Co s tee 
Do Acaxn 
Scwctel sa toe 
Do Accun 
Trejo Fred tec 
Op Acajm 
US Sateter Ctfl Ac 
UK Eerey Ik 
.D o Acc un 

tSiaHTLomct 
Panrem ftCramy 
Extra (Korn* 


Ereey wob obon +03 20* 

Bxwuan StoacSra 9D4 956 +08 293 

Bros Incoma 117.1 1255 .. *60 

fi na n cial 2825 2814 *03 169 

Gectacoara . . iogi i®3* 769 

-Odd tow* 50 < 3*2* 143 

Do - Accun . 925 995W .. 1*3 

teewra • • ■ «4 669* +01 408 

JteM ■ 670 927‘ +64 010 

■Sm 6 StepNiora as au -63 iM 

Fatal tec - 826 882 +63 0 70 

DO n a r ra te 1073 109.1 +05 670 

P>«< Snare R> oo Mi 61 > 9 

UKCaitete 977 39 ..183 

8PkM Sb 827 888 +61 084 

Tacreotogr • Wt 518 +68 aiO 

World toaomfe 53* 57.T +61 *12 

tttodUwxl a Qtms 1361 1*8.5 +61 193 

Eorey Be Go ■ 796 853* 1.61 

Db Accun (3 161 1 161.46 +01 161 

31 IBRT TR U ST MAMAOERi 
Z S» Mary Axa. Looooo EC3A 8BF 
D1 328-3366 

I SmreuGB'a 672 7149 +01 010 


TOUCHE RtMNAW 
Mtetate Hooml2I 
SAT 

01-2*8 1250 
Am eri c an Qmwm 

Ganarte Ot owtti 
Global Tech 
hoome Growth 

Rnxxav Hanmy 

Jupwiftowm 
Mxfi&Stey fee 
Do Accum 
O' saw Orowm 
Smaaer Oos 
fotetaOppa. 


a. St Andrew* Sq. Edtobug fe 
031-566 9101 


tog tooww urea 
. Do Accun 

SCOTTISH I9EBT 
19. 51 Andrews & 
031 226 2211 
UKBMy 


1*84 1589 
2219 236.1 


177.7 190.1 
1472 1578 


Japan Parionunca U&B 1399* +03 ai2 
Do Accum 127 0 13559 +62 0J2 

US SpeoW FOttuas 878 710te +61 670 

DO Acaxn . . 664 738* +6.1 670 

Gad 6 Predour Met 389 3».i -03 1 * 

Oo -Acaxn 372 *64 -03 185 

US Speaw toe 572 822 +02 *91 

Do Accun 61.3 861 +03 491 

European Perl toe 75* 802 +09 1.13 

Do Acaxn 755 B63 +66 1.13 


MLAUNTf TRUST MAHAQEMBfT 
BU-iGO. SanOng Rd. Mateattxia. Kao 
0822 87*781 

NKA General 32 2 34 1« 

ULA Wam te XXMl *89 527 

MLA ON Unit 2*2 SH 

Mm income *0 7 *31* 

MLA European 269 286 


Hoteora Busy 3901 4159 +34 3.19 

Bmpaen 8*7 sai* +09 075 

Hojbora Cpmme 5S4 583 +02 090 

.Hotoon Hgn htc 651 E62* . . 640 

Hobom tod BZA 982 +09 088 

JarenaM 8*8 BB9 +04 095 

N Amancan 729 774# +14 039 

Hojbrei EucSB 832 872 +04 258 

Hotoorn Uk Growth 809 85.1 +0.7 210 

HObom Gfer Trott 1824 1805 +62 268 


f>Oflc 158.1 1762 +14 006 

Euppaan 2109 2253 +61 06* 

SCOTTISH MUTUAL MVOTMEHT 

HUIWJQG 

109. Vkicem SL Gtosgpw'GS 6W 
041-248 6100 

UK Equay 1802 1769 

Gte A fixed 1173 12*7 

WC Star Co'S Eq 145.1 15*4 

gnwaan 17**182* 

N America) 107.8 114 .7 

Ftoctec 1506 1803 

8COTTKH UWTTHU8T . . . 

a- Cheriotta So. EOnbugte 


SI %. 

UK Star CO * Eq 
Ekapoean 


-0.1 227 

.+ 0.1 79 a 
-67 190 
♦TO 670 
+14 141 
+06 037 


+61 219 
+04 190 
- - 1015 
+61 922 
.. 097 . 


32 KHMom SL I 
01-380 2808 
Amar Growth 
Do Accun 
Amar tocome 
DO Accun 
Euopere Growth 
_ Do Accun 
General 
DO AcOtel 
QN&Fboad 
Do Accum 


Do Accun 
Graupt Dwr 

Exampt Accun 


MAHIIUTO8MNA OT — IT 

asss.”’- =—»»• 

Growth Unts. 732 779 -. 289 

OA A fixed fee 1144 116* . . 7.76 

Hgh tocome UixtS 1132 1303 .. 552 

■fit Vote GMUnc 57 8 699 ..872 

aj Growth ft** 1200 1Z74# .. 041 

N American unis 719 75.4 . 053 

FarEeHUnu* BB8 S£2W .. 023 

Smaaer Cre Fund 07.1 713# .. 193 

MENCAPUHn-TRUir 

Lttcorn Ha* 252. Harford Ha. E7 

01-23* 56** 

Uencao 13*6 1411 +03 43* 


+12 097 
+12 097 
+05 530 
+07 530 
-0.1 192 : 
-61 192 
+63 196 
+63 160 
. 728 
.. 73B 
+62 331 
+61 391 
+19 1.07 . 
+12 197 I 
+1.7 aoo 
+17 aoo 1 
+63 £33 ; 
463 233 
260 
260. 


+67 210 ! 
+62 2681 


3J-« SL London ECZV 7LH 

01-600 4177 

OuataM Gansrte 426.1 *822 289 

OuaOrant toeama 2419 257* 6.18 

QuataM toe Fd 3747 39 * 4 * ,. 1 . 1 * 

Qu adrara Reerewy 3623 279.1 .. 241 

NC Amena too 281.7 2966 +3.1 096 

Da Accum 303.0 3223 +39 OSB 

NC Energy Has 1339 M*j . *03 392 

NC tocome 873 927* +0.7 894 

NC 9WW1 1727 1837 +1.1 091 

NC a n u tacre 13743 l««3 ■ 295 

MCSmWEuropCo s 1569 189.7 +08 046 

JK Exempt or nXLO 1339 647 


.NC Amer Prop 
NC Property 


81197 1218M 
1739 1B29W 


031-228 *372 

. 5*6 9U« +69 , 

WorM Growth . 3*9 37.1tt +02 

N American .3*2 389* +06 

toerew Fttte 4*5 *79* . . , 

European 374 *09 - 0.1 1 

H Amar few 259 27.3 +ft3 : 

IJK Growth 30.7 32.0 +G2 

Extra toe - . . 319 339« +61 , 

SCOTTISH VriDOWS 

Peg Eo few . 227.8 2*22 
- Do Aecum 2621 2769 

•PnW*tWNDS MAKAOBHENT 
M. Qjy Rd. London BC1Y 2AY 
01-636 8011 

Amu- Tech 6 oaa 1024 1099 


Pbddte Dock, tendon EC4V 


*22 *50 +6* 071 

519 5ftS +62 322 
426 *ft7« +63 610 
319 88.7 +02 565 

4SB 522* +61 737 
390 *15* - 0.1 aw 
239 252 238 

85 35. 4&S 

009 64.7 -6t 26* 

067 7*2 -0 1 271 


— 628* -62 
Do Acc 612 Otm -02 

Cereal 3100 3301* +26 

jSaAKUra 5526 5862* +59 

Boenpl 267.1 3059* +07 

Do ACtun 5529 8350* +16 

Far Eastern 1*95 ts&s +0.1 

Do Accum 1619 1725 +01 

Hn 6 Prop 51 0 5*3 +03 

Dp Accum 7S4 8*9 +09 

Gft Cereal 12*4 1237 -02 

■ Do Acaxn 1442 1 SO 3 -03 

0*1 Income 1097 11 * 9 * -O.l 

Do Accum . 1782 1852* -03 

HtahYWfl 5*2 377 +01 

■ On Acaxn 1186 1263 +02 

tome 2316 2*8.8* +1.1 

Do Accum 71*4 7808* +36 

tadfteungs 1569 1703 +69 

'iKPROMDWrur MANAGERS 
UCHarer. Caste SL Stetebuy SP1 
0722 3382*2 

wcarecr iiai 152 

raofe Bare 130.1 1379 

N Ante 1145 1214 

VANQUMn TRUST 
“itotoorn VHdUd EC1A 2EU 
01236 3063 


Groxnh few 
Do Accun 

fsstgs, 

Trustee 
Oo Accun 
Amar 8 Cre 


JS1K 

2100 2235 

2100 am 

419 4*0 
*19 449 
16*2 1428C 

2020 ausro 

584 622 
9 1086 1156 


.15 390 
-29 290 
-19 *57 
-13 *57 
-02 156 
-02 156 
-08 349 
-1.0 8*9 
*03 198 
*03 f 98 
+001 350 
-61 190 


MAR PUEY UIOT TR UST MAN AGERS _ 

J^te feuae. 7 . Damunra So. Lonure BC3 

Or-aa ISB 

Amreren Trad 6* 8 89.7* +06 i« 



Sue tocome fiM 


ROWAN UWTTRUSr 

M^n^gteam firan. tenure EC*R BAS 

A meriCWI (g 2ZB0 2309 -129 292 

SdCUtles (a . 7299 7*45 • 2.13 

t*9HVtekH5) 1700 1785*- 673 

■ 3«5 3835 198 

Ftead.fenrott 1709 1719 248 

Htfihdwrat OT5-.1Z75C -6S1Z00 

far East CZ) 2029 2065* . 022 

ROYAL LOT PUMP MAHA06HBHT 
Hto- W PftaLbtepOC! LK SHS ■ 
051-227 4*22 

toteyTrust 81.1 6*9* +6* 258 

TO Trust 809 7*J +63 137 

on-ina . 20 r £fti* 8.10 

US putt 319 339 *02 14* 

Pwsfic Bate Tst 362 365 +67 OSE 

20 OBBnj S l tendon BC2 
01-320 0811 

EMI DIB 1162 OT6* +04 148 

DoAceua 1889 1767* +06 149 


tea Growth 
Amrecan Major* 
SnaB Ctfa 
Japre Tech a Gan 


1626 17*0 
1719 1839 
2076 222.1* 
267 286 
885 7*4 
■374-4011 
954 102.1* 
5*9 587* 
5 M9 579.1 


fmancan Trott 

>— »JtaT 


SI St 

783 846 
1072 1169 
1166 16*7 


+04 160 
+61 060 
+05 180 
+67 020 
+64 190 


Era mw , 5*12 579.1 

S 1 31 7 339* 

Biro Grown 23.2 31 2 

fin toeoma 3*3 36.78 

8teON*COA7H 

Serna sun 475 sos* -14 1 

8tamu.ro unE 

a. Gtare a . sanmai az 2 x 2 


T Income Truer 
Acaxn 


1162 U1S* +04 148 
1889 17S7* +06 149 
909 BfiOc -02 4.42 
1059 1103c . -29 .442 
547 M2- +19L13 
556. 584 +16 1-13 


Do Acaxn 
US fimtti 
do Aeon 


-29 442 
+16 LIS 
+16 L13 


MDUUOBANK GMlWUKTTRUSr 

CwriWMdHfl.Sft9rSt Hnd, ShetlWd SI 3RD 
9742 73642 

812 +04 225 

1099 +08 £25 

1123* - 348 

156** +61 646 
8*0 +0.1 7.47 

715 +61 747 

576* +0.1 893 
936* 41 893 
1669* +03 642 
2733* +05 5.42 
1813 +12 1ST 

2969 +18 057 

2B7J +14 617 
2007 +16 617 

1172* +19 191 
T*04* +12 161 
113.1* . - 163 

1066* ;-*1 -163 

. Till Vos 314- 


Da Acaxn 
Commytey 6 G44 
Do Acaxn 
Extra Hgh toe 
DO Accum 
<W*6 fixed toe 
De Accun 
Htti YwM 

Do Aecum 

Income 
Oe Accum 
Jeore A Parte 
. Do Accum 
Mflmneaatoe 
Do Accum 
EmO O h toe 
Do Acorn 
a nte * Coe toe 


ROYAL L0CW »BT TRMT MANAGERS 
DgMon HBuBL CoMteMfer COI IRA 

Amancan GfeneBi - 916 S7 7 +14 078 

Cotta Accun 1774 1886* +06 2.17 
04 incre w 576. fc -61 868 

High tooxna 619 886* +06 478 

Income 6 Grown 1009 1064* +09 497 
Japan Growth 766 016 +02 096 

Spactal Ska 1026 1094 +05 169 

SAVES HKMKR 

28. wooern Hd. HreXOrt RU1 3is 
86-73 Quean SL EdtobughEH? 4NX 
(Ronrtord) 070688968 Or (Ertri] 031-296 7361 
ft 686 7 139 +64 746 

886 «»5C +06 214 
469 4ft +6£ 165 
436 405. *14 

925 930 -04 060 

805 B*M . 598 

579 BOM +0.1 298 
377 403 +63 000 

- 916 »2« +02 2.18 

5*6 575 , . 10.78 

1832 19*8 -64 4.89 

16*7' 176-1 +63 4.17 I 

946 101.1 628 I 


toreme Un8f 2*5 266a 

De Aa»m Unite 27.1 29.1a 

STEWART, IVORY UNtmagT • ' 

JftCte^iSiLBfotagh . 
031-228 3771 - 
Amariean Ptond 
Oo Acaxn 
Do MBMrewal . 

ArMMRnfillM 

Da Accum 
Britan find 
Do Aecum 
finpaa Fuad . 

Do Aauto 
Japre Hate 
■Do Acaxn 
Sates PPP 
SUN ALUANCE 

6re he.. Hareera. Srerex 

Effifty Truer Acc 3829 4IK.fi 
NA« Trute Acc S63 620 

gM i* n-2 

"orwwMc Bred 46S. 492 
TBB IA ta; i nwi e 

02B4 82im1SteamtflWMSn3 ,BnB 


T echno toav 3*2 38.7* +02 020 

424 4ftS -03 1SS 

y 1 "* 1264 13*s* +02 360 

tarerenOrowtt *66 »l 4 120 

HM* *«"» . 201 216 +61 16 O 

ta VBW6VA 86erMAII4<Bamff 

gi^SSt**-*** 11 *' 

IS 9 179 0« 

ncmcBaan U* 133 * -02 920 
OreaUentaOa.” 002 80 +61 671 

Otote* Mae Fnd 496* 1Q£5* +0.1 61 O 

»™»|EuraTii«srMANA«» 

81 ■ <L1 “ B 

SWPSOwTRLBriHuamtsao 

JgMta Hm am. 8ft Ktogseay. uxidon WCSB 

01-405 8831 " 

P”* E«9y • 466 $1 7 -06 771 

P”" Sir 572 UK 

508 5*1 +61 227 

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THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE II 1986 






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LYTTON’S DIARY 







FRESH 

FIELDS 


-V 


THIS IS YOUR LIFE 





THE 
BENNY HILL • 
SHOW 


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MINDER 





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WISH YOU WERE HF.RF 



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WORLD • W / 
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WAR 







THAMES 


Who made it? 


Who made it? 


inster 
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3. 1986. 
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Loss be- 
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nrain and itwv 


This advertisement is issued by county Bank Limited. 


















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Small feel pinch in export squeeze 


By Teresa Poole 

Small exporters are likely to face higher 
financing charges if the Government 
presses ahead with plans to reduce the 
level of support for export fina nce. 

The Bank of England has told the 
banks that the profit margin paid by the 
Government to the banks on export 
finance deals must be reduced This is 
the system whereby the banks lend 
money to overseas buyers of British 
goods. 

At the moment export credit to foreign 
countries, on terms of more than two 
years and backed by the Export Credit 
Guarantee Department, is subsidized 
with the Government paying a fixed 

Office art 
pays off 
for three 
women 

By Pets Leri 

In 1984 Sonia Coode-Adams, an artist, 
bought a collection of contemporary 
paintings for the new offices of her 
husband's stock broking firm, L. Messel 
& Co. This proved to be such a success 
that people suggested she should start a 
business buying collections of paintings 
for offices. 

Now, 14 months after she set up 
Coode-Adams Martin Associates, a part- 
nership with another artist. Lydi Martin, 
they have a turnover of £98,288. Shortly 
after starting they took m a third partner, 
Mary Wiliams, who had worked in 
publishing and had completed a course 
in business studies and communications 
after her husband tod died. 

Each has been repaid the £1,500 
original capital invested in the business 
and taken out another £1,000. Most of 
the profit has so far been ploughed tack 
into the business to buy electronic 
typewriters, catalogues, etc. 

They began by sending brochures to 
City firms which were planning to move 
offices. About one in three was interested 
in their service. Clients included Gba- 


BRIEFING 


■ A trade delegation from the U rated 
States has this month braved the threat of 
Libyan terrorism to visit Britain in 
search of small and medium sized 
companies which are interested in 
investing in New Jersey. There are 
already 1 58 firms with manufacturing 
facBities or subsidiaries in New Jersey, 
including many blue chip names such 
as Jaguar, Wedgwood, tCI, and 
Beecnam. But Mrs Ming Hsu, the 
governor’s special hade representative, 
said she wanted to make contact with 
smaller businesses. 

On offer are a number of subsidized 
financial packages under the. state’s 
various urban development schemes. 

The New York and New Jersey Port- 
Authority is offering up to 100 per cent 


profit margin to the banks. On sterling 
finance the margin is % per cent and on 
other currencies it is between % and 1 per 
cent 

This subsidy means that the banks do 
not charge British companies for costs 
incurred putting together the financial 
packages, which can indude travelling 
abroad, negotiating with the ECGD, and 
drawing up the contracts. In particular, 
companies are not chained for work on 
the large number of export deals which 
fall through before completion. 

The proposed new level for the maigin 
is 'A per cent on sterling and 1/16 per 
cent for other currencies. One export 
financier said: “They are forgetting that 


we are not dealing with a straight loan. 
We are talking about deals which can 
take up to three years to negotiate. The 
reduction in revenue is going to be so 
vast that the banks will have to start 
charging for expenses.” 

This would hit especially smaller deals - 
where tte costs tend to to proportionally 
higher. Passing this on would increase 
the company’s bidding costs, making the 
price of its goods abroad less 
competitive. 

An initial meeting between the Bank of, 
England and the clearing banks was held 
last month and discussions win continue 1 
over the next few weeks. 



In the picture: Sonia Coode-Adams, left, Mary Williams and Lydi Martin 


Geigy Pharmaceuticals, RAC Club, Al- 
lied Lyons, Tala Pension Fund and G-T. 
Management Amounts invested by 
companies have ranged from £ 1,000 for 
one painting to £35,000 for a collection. 

Sonia Coode-Adams said: “We visit 
clients twice, once to give them a 
presentation, then to discuss the image 
they want to create. We show them a 
book of photographs of paintings and it 
is astonishing how each company’s taste 
has differed.” 

Do companies look upon the collec- 
tion as an investment? “The quality of 
the paintings, mostly by live artists, 
means that they could be an investment. 
But the reasons a company wants a 
collection of paintings seems to vary. 
Messel wanted paintings to cheer up the 
walls, James Capel, the stockbrokers, 

loans for expansion by forek?) companies 
and can arrange packages of up to 
$50 million. Urban enterprise grants of up 
to $2 million per project are available 
at interest rates as low as 4 per cent . 
Contact: George Tobjy, The Port 
Authority of New York and New Jersey, 
International House, World Trade 
Centra, St Katherine's Way, London El. 

■ Small businessmen with an eye for 
a giveaway can obtain a free copy of a 70- 
page guide to employment legislation 
which covers afl aspects of personnel 


wanted paintings by well-known artists 
— we were able to buy a Matthew Smith 
painting for them for £3,000 — while the 
accountants Coopers & Lybrand, wanted 
to support young artists. 

They buy from galleries and direct 
from the artist and charge a flat 20 per 
cent' on all transactions. Additional 
costs, such as paying for a catalogue, re- 
naming when necessary, insurance and 
transport, rarely exceed £1,000. 

Mary Williams said: “Our overheads 
are low as we all work from home, 
meeting once a week to discuss our 
weekly programme.’' But their expenses, 
particularly travel, are heavy. Sonia 
Coode-Adams said: “We expect to make 
a lax loss again this year, but plan to dou- 
ble our turnover next year and expea to 
make a profit” 


MR FRIDAY 


JSMAIL 


law, an overview of employment 
committees and tribunals, and a fufl 
resume of the existing taws. The 
updated handbook is produced by the 
Legal Protection Group. 

Contact: The Legal Protection Group, 
30-35 St Nicholas way, Sutton, Surrey; 
01-661 1491 




COURT 

SOUTH 




Si tram nt interior designed 
3rd flr ftai in luxury modem 
purpose built Mode with por- 
terage- highly lecommcudcd. 
2 beds. 2 reaps, kit, 2 baths, 
balcony. Avail untried, long 
oo let £150 pw Conner Parity 
& ca 

01-584 6491. 


ununnr mews flu wz exv 

ctuunmg Beauufully fonustMd 
interior Mwi own newly 
deooraiM Oxmiii Hny (lower 
fined awn rent. Within nuns of 
Wed End & Hyde Part. Ooutrie 
M with n mite d ras u im nn. 
daglv M spacious Otted cup- 
t *w«- terne recep. m dining 
. rm. wed bathroom with show 
cr Miner fined Ul with an 
maeunes. uuuty n» wan wash- 
ing machine & fridge freezer 
Brand new colour co-cnttaaud 
linen China A cutlery Cotou- 
Tv run m central taattag. 
Entry phone & security IocRl 
Embassy or Co to preferred. No 
Agents. Uoaer priced £200 pw 
for aulefc M TO. Ol Ml 6496 
lofTKe) 01-979 £311 tevesx 


HOLLAND park wit in artrec 
Use Quiet cul-de-sac. PULy 
famhiied newly hunt mate. Lge 
Ml wtm balcony K1i.'dlna < .2/3 
Beds, dmnq rm 2 turn* Co. Lrf 
1 2 yn pref £300.00 gw. W 
Ol 409 2299 HOI *03 S4&1 


kiumwiw. Luxury balco- 
ny Dai Panama*: view of 
mcr 2 oof* Bedrooms, lounge, 
kitchen, bathroom 5 Mins na- 
i ton 4. shorn £ia&pw Tel: 62a 
6591 U>-1 or 0251 25 4309 Af 
ler 6.30 on 


HAMMCNSMITH WS. OMet well 
fhrntshed flu 3 dtrte Beds, soft- 
onus draw bag dining rm. WL 
hath. 2 x WC. phone.TV.CH & 
HW alt rod. un. Porter £260 
Pw Tel Ol 960 5430 


AMERICAN EXECUTIVES Seek 
lux flats houses. £200 £lOOC 
dw Usual fee, rm pnjntps 
Kay ft Lewis. South of the Par* 
Chrtra office. Ol 362 8111 or 
North or uie Pam. Resent*, 
Pam of Ore, 01-686 9882. 

H OHTOH ROAD SW3. Super 
Isi 2 nd floor nwboncuc 2 
mins Karrods 3 beds. snacKxa 
htoh cemngrd rctxp and dining 
rm. ML bad, and roof lee. Avafl 
1 July Long -short leu £50C 
pw Masketb. Ol 661 2216. 


, T Tbi f * l . 

' frWVrt 


We taw a superb selection 
of pwsoraly nspoeferi tun- 
ntehad and unfurnished 
p roparb a sin man y IMR»- 
dan&al eftstnets. randng 
from £150 pw to £ 2,000 pw. 

SHORT / LONE UETS 

Teh 01-486 8926 


CAUMC BROADWAY WS. De- 
Hgnifid spacious converuon flat, 
dbfe bedroom- new kitchen, 
sunny loonoe. lovely bathroom, 
garden. £98 pw Tet 979 4703 


r.MfjGAI* (Management Ser- 
vices! Ltd reaum properties to 
central sooth and wan London 
area* ftr waiting aROcUvOl- 
221 8838 


•UTMEY By the rtver quMlgar. 
den flat. 3 bed. Me recent. Mr 
fitted kitchen, c/h. good trans- 
port. shop*, long co ML 
£ 160 pw TdAI-748 8119 


Guraishi 

Constantine 



.01-2 44 735 3 


WZ WESTBOURNE MM Fully 
eoutpted *<c sunny 1 bed flat 
facing extensive garden*. £136 
pw tael. Company let nreftnsd. 
TO 01-229 0778/392 9190 


Hieil OWP/mW. 4 beds. mod. 
lorn, town tae. Nr tube. Ktw 
gdns- £295 pw. 01-947-1966 


ridmiW 

•ThafstiiebestyoocMdo? Giving me 
the Samaritans' tetohone omnboT 


3TRABEI 

" 1 7fF938~3539 1 


IUL TOILETRY AND 


in M : r rill* I HIIJ ; ' 


Manufacturer and dotributor of “nkhamaikaf todetries, 
cosmotics and fragrtnats. Branded and Iconsod products 
Including snoring and gnxxntng aide. bath accessories and 
madam products. Consatantfy pmdtsble. Ackustod alter 
tax profits at S65CUXM. Seles of flO nMon. Minimal debt 
Surplus cash ol S3 nMon. Omar i «# stay. Eastam 
Sadboud location. Asking price Is $ 10 nMon. 


contact tom an gear 


















SOOTH KEN, SW7. Excel vahie. 
Newly dee 1 bed OaL Sunny 
recep. good stzd kli/ViasL bath. 
£146 hoc CM/CHW COOK* 828 
8281 


WiaXM FLATS A HOUSE* 

asm! A read, far dutomats. 
evnilhh. Long a snort lets In 
Jfl arta a. UctrinxI A Co. 4a 
Albemarle St W I 01-4999334 


SW7- 2 Bed 3rd flr. fully fur. 
msned flat avafl early JoL 
Ca Private Let I Yt No 
Agemv £200 pw. Tel: Cay 23S 
0201 Eve* 373 7486 


AM3BCAM Bonk urgently re- 
Qurea luxury tuts and bouses 
from £200 £1.000 pw. Ring 

Burgess Estate Agents S81 6136 
AVAILABLE HOW Luxury flan « 
houses Cnckwa. KnwMsnredge. 
engravia. £ 2 oa-£z.ao 0 pw 
Tel. Borges* 681 6136. 
CUWHAM COMMON Own Room 
and bathrm. use of Mlctten. nr 
lube Non smoker £46 per 
week. 678 9006. 

DOCHLAMM. Houses and Data 
throughout the docklands area 
lo ML Dockland, Property CD, 

tre. 01 -488 4858. 

FOREST HILL SE23 lO mins 
London Br S/C fmaid til. 3 
beds. 2 reeps. k .-b. bun 3 yng ole 
staling £30 each PW 660 
7543 

MATFAHt, HYDE PARK. Thh 
most luxurious long/Sbon let 
I wv-Jyr. l."B bedrooms 
W T P Ol 936 9612. 

PAUU3E QOMS TEBR WB. COW 
foriaMy furnlthed s/C 1 bed 
Hal ESOO pan. TeL 079 78 
270 

POTWE V HEA TH. Lge MU, S 
bed JacuEd ernufle. 2 recep. K 
and a Garden, talc, fully eg. 
£286 PW TeLOl 7B8 5466 
*T JOHNS WOOD. Fijm 2nd 1 dbf 
b e d flaL All mod com, roof wtt 
cas p.w Ring 01-722 0033 af- 
ter 3 p.m 

937 9GB1 The nwidwr to rwnnai. 
her when seeking bed rental 
properties to central and prone 
London areas £i 6 G/£ 2 . 000 ow 
W3 Grd floor dbte bed dal res 
*reo. 8 mins walk from Acton 
Town station, ol £80 pw to 
O t-992 2039 afUr 12 noon. 
WMT KKMWUTON a MMttoo 
df dtunmng MM betf apom 
* urn met ci2o cjoo pw 
ina. urn ananai oi «7S 1896 T 
CMUMBALHpn uxoafoonyflM 
bedroom, rew. lift*, 
wnera. lnag Jet 022*835 
««« on. TASto. 

Mb’ fwn. Itooep. bedrm. k 4b b. 
Ol Lrt £166 p.w Ol 3626709 
DELE BEDSfTOwn kil bUfcpokL 
£30 dw Otben 667 
asiOHomstoeator*. 

OABOEM 1 bedrm redcc flat. TV. 
recpL btumr. £70 gw others 
6 27 2610 Horaetocnlon I1B 9 
HAMPSTEAD NW3 avail kMM 
Ouief fui dare (ub*. £I2 Spw 
fhC Tel: 439 07421-722 6572 
HANDY nan a bed flat TV 
washer, phone, ope- £90 pw 
Others 627 26IOHomekxalor* 
KEHSJMnQH WB, *UW 2 bars 
IUL Urge pdn.. £200 pw 
Long short ML 01 602 59*1 
MBS WELCOME Mod 3 bedm. 
gnn.gge. pnone. £120 pw orn 
ers D 2 T 2610 1 knneimaiota 
MXONOON Studio. TV. heaOng. 
dhorte. or tube. £78 pw Others 
027 sene HonetaHioni tfil 9 


taseotont flat for prof person. 
£96 pw. 01-036 4864. 

WC LET FLATS AMD HOUSES. 
Contact Richard cr MkfcDavb 
Woolf* & CO 402 7281. 

WIST HIM Lge ewe torntawd 
flat- 4 beds. 3 tatta. dbl rooepL 
£4O0pw ooo. Tet 01-381 3798 




FOR SALE 

A new 5 star Hotel in 
SingapotB. 

Location wHttn the prime 
and tourist belt area. 


*255 rooms and srtee. 

* 2 restaurants. 

* 3 bars. 

* Swimming pool 

* DiscntfWouB. 

* Roof-top Banquet Hal 

* 200 car. Car Park. 

For details phase caniaa: 

Hairy Hong, on Monday 
tram Sam to 5pm. 

Tefe 01-221 4881 
er 01-221 257D 


BUSINESS SALES 
TEL: 01-439 6617 

SURREY - Prime Phse. S 
Bed. accord. T/O 2150000 
QusHy me with potantaL 

rnotzrsjaao ref: 1097/91 
BATH - Super Wb» 
Bar/Pub/Lotting. (rmnaa own- 
ers occorn. T/O £2OOj0OOl 
PHLO BOSJOOO HER 17l£ 
THAMESJOE PUB - Utfhc ky 
cadoa Needs Oewtopment 
nflLD C2MUHQ. REF: 3046. 


CORFU 

muSnoffnHUealBQSWn 
cotnpanY tar sale, iftawfiag 
fireehoidsitB «Ab planning 

permfeswn and Souamment 

pan warns, tor ma 

Munir 

apanmsm uwjCKcofnpwt. 

0698814188 


FOR SALE 

PROFITABLE, UWQUE, 
service to the Legal 
Profession. 

Send SAE to: VTS, 
Sf/BS Chancery Lana, 
London WC2A IAS for 


SUBSTANTIAL FUNDS AVAILABLE 

for the acquisition of private companies. WB con- 
sider joint ventures with established companies 
currently under financed. Retirement sales and man- 
agement buy-outs espectafly welcomed. Private 
share puchasers arranged. 

Telephone 01-935 5795 or 489 6139. 


USED CAR SALES 

50 par capacity, well 
St & secure. Excellent 
office Surrey Main 
Road situation. W8J 
sefl afl or part of Bm- 
ited company. 

6483 223333 



RESIDENTIAL 
NURSING HOME 

h lovely portion, rota Som- 
arsot ctraft to ccwtty tnwa 
with sxcaAent road and rftS 
inks to London. Presently 
fid and wtti a watting fisL 

Palmar Stal Estate 


LONDON I.B.A.S 

close to cmr 
Price £295^)00 

GuwBnWKlroiiKn of £26300 P» 


MBa 


saafo stMHans to its TBW 
PortfoBa 

TVadB and tacfrtcaL madhwv 
aim drculatai puHcadons 
sougtit (or outoght pur- 
ctasa. or mtaual co- 
arrangvMnt poasMa. 

Witte to BOX J38. 





SmaB profitable wim w crins 
compaRy in West MUkadi 
SpCOabSU^ in « ^gv ne |} fy 
preosioo and geaml 
t radnn a. Foil Oder book 
and "Ol eouifqxd mteter 
room with 18 employees. For 
farther details Reply to BOX 
J60. 


Contact 

8MQK B1-4S3 6949 
or CJV n-SS 8963 


macune recall Duskmm for aato 
tMoncnestorareo) wan sutwfta- 
n» eonemo' base, wemta 
drtam on reouen io BOX J 6 « 
FABULOUS RETURNS OP your 
casual • Muaderetk* * dry 
droning shons for ole. TaL Ol- 
427 0063 Ds» A NJgbt 
cormtACTMts MANY • HIRE 
buaoro mt row. 5 verts. 
£100.000. Reply to BOX jaa 






WANTED 


ADVERTISING 

OR 

PR AGENCY 

investors wak imgi London 
Posad MvwiWns Agency 
(biSng £1 ffl +) cr . PR 
Agency flew income ESOk +)- 
Principals rephf orSy BOX 
A32. 




SCflTLAHB 

SmoB company based Cen- 
tral Scotland, com m as m 
iwaimeatnde.autsidac8- 
(aring & 4iod trades 


Warahousbig I dttrfauEtafi 


Tet (tBK) 73303 or 50273. 


FORMER CALLENDAR PARK 
COLLEGE, FALKIRK 

FOR SALE 

With Development Potential 
ButkKngs - 197,000 sq ft; 

Site - 44 acres 

The College is prominently located 
in Scotland's central belt 
approximately midway between 
Glasgow and Edinburgh. It lies dose 
to Falkirk town centre in attractive 
woodland surroundings. 
Communications are good. 

The property offers extensive 
teaching and recreational facilities 
including playing fields; 
also two halls of residence.. 

Further particulars from: 



Montagu 
!■ Evans 


Montagu Evans, Chartered Surveyors. 
47 MdviHe Street, Edinburgh EH3 7HL 

Tet031-225 8541 


YOUR OWN 

COOKIE COACH FRANCHISE 

- THE PROVEN WAY TO SUCCESSFUL 
SELF-EMPLOYMENT 


DR. ARMEN GEYER 

1 am a practising Gexman Lawyer and have recently 
apenal a biandi office in L owoon. 

Finn consult me on any aspect of Gamas low or if 
you need asantonce with, procoxfingi in Gamany. 
Can oi 242 5479 or 01 406 1718 tor an 
appointmcoit. 


TELEX & FACSIMILE 

in todays modern age of advanced conununJca- 
dons can your company afford to lose business by 
not having facsimile' and 6el€3tTsah«ietteln*«tri« 
stvply. tmtalL service and Unto opcraion m letac A tee* 
simile machines, on outright purchase, lease, or 
rental nationwide. 

Ft In l iw r Ir I w ■■ P ail IBmiWi WoMm L M , 
91-9B2 4159 


ntAHSLATTOH BUREAU in UK 
and ovtrons reo ro reO tor pur- 
chase bgr muta cowroa w f. 
BtaoM of au sttn am m 
any locaiton eonstoeml. Prtnd- 
pats reoty to box J39 . 



OPPORTUNITY 

Funds and baching bvb 8- 
abie tor appficams who 
have contacts to promote 
business in UK. Private' 
medium sized company 
(London) seeks (fiverstfr- 
cation and vM consider 
any vtobia pra^ect/idea. 
BOX No. J29. 


K ycur foton it wtocanRig far 
yt». you sbodif bearing lo us. 
Join » steady saamsU tan 
ol agnts «mn on of Britan's 
fra&a apandmo indutiriss- 
M/he Sm to sups* ftancnl 
prospedt 

BM3S 2731 ta la « wa 






BsgtawJ by retrod qnotai Coro- 
pany Cttaman CWaJ Execubm 
win 's ipnt com aegui- 
srtams. motadons 8 re- 
quotation, co o pted will 
praNRaVy. 

RBp » I la BOX M2 


BUSINESS SERVICES 


SGI TO NEW ZEALAND 


tortatg to ILZ. iwti wide {ote 
mpetiHice in sates/martahno 
mhtta, dofnesttc, sped and 
tears products, kwits propo- 

sBdos ic _ ^lepu aaiutim. 

pus ioC lics or 
awr. TeNphone 0562 751536 


MAILING LISTS. 

Use ihe professional list 
suffplkts for your next 
dined mail campaign. 
Wo have access lo hsts in 
aU areas of consumer. 
bra'nessso-tasuKss and 
professional - World- 
wide. Contact Graeme 
leaner ps 01-734 3614: 
SJL List Management 
Ltd. Sutherland House. 
5-6, Aisyil Area, Lon- 
don wrv iad. 


WE WILL 

pay you £500 
wbea yoo give os U» 

name and address of 
someone to buy one of 
our villas in Spain. CaD 
now P.TL (MSS 505696 
(24 bn}. 


PALL MALL 
+ W2 

Low premium 24hr ac- 
cess + parking. Fum 
carpeted offices ind 
phone/ (dex/tox. FT 
£7Spw. 


SURVBLLANCE. 

HOmTOmNG 
and counter sooHOnca 
aqulptn ant far boat t he ana- 
tew & pfOtetionL . 

»ng or wrtta tor price 1st. 
RUBY ELECTHOteCS 
ELECTROMCS LTD 
716,1*1 Bridge Rd 
London EU.-MW 


ait::y. 


Eutmaln ymr dfeafa or jia sound at a Cautxy 
Estate dew to M11/M25 and Scnstcd Awport. 
Tdephaue for d eta il s and te xbst 

0279 813276 


FREEHOLD GARAGE BUSINESS 

For sale, on comer site of main ‘A’ road. North 
Oxfordshire/ Backs bonier. In present owners 
hands fra 16 years. Profitable car sales and pet - 
rol sales on large forecourt. Workshop, MOT 
approved. Includes 4 bedroom boose. Price 
£215,000 + SAV. Phone Mr Teazle 0280 816700. 


SPAM 

CALPE - ALACAJVTE 

Ladas boataooeshop 120 sq metres, good poefl 
Lease for sale. £15,000 including stock. Low 
approx £75 per month. Owner retiring. 

Tet (0232) 666660 
after 6.00 pm 
for further information. 


WANS & INVESTMENT 


Period and nqxadudtan: 
Pedestal desks. Ptatnm 
desta. Writing bdites. 

Dtreenport* and Desk darts. 

Write Cor defatts or 
Personal (tallos Wetome 
-Just Desks- Dpt 3_L66. 

20 Ovids Street. London rlWS 
'MepaoacsOl-733 7976 


mn ran sale, puma 73 

£2.696 new. Nmr mrd.Bnl 
otter. TeL 01-373 ZB29 04 MS} 


PROMOTION, 
PUBLICITY & 


siFjlll.’tDtffC 


COMPANY 

& 

PRODUCT 

DEVELOPMENT 


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Managing Ofwdor, 
Eanadira Conmetce - 
CoonsefingUd. 
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11 Anna End, 
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Tet (0920) 60563 
The 827811 STHLEY a 



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Highland Fabricators wins £46m contract for Shell oilfield I ® e P° rt ■^ tme 1 3 1 986 


engineering 


By Jeremy Warner, Easiness Correspondent 
The Government will ask £11.5 million to £14 million. 


the engineering industry to Mr Astley Whjnall,’"the 
. provide an extra £3.5 million a ETTBi's chairman, said the 
year towards the cost of growing problem of skill 


training. .... shortages ‘and considerably 

This comes after a decision reduced training in recent 
yesterday by the Engineering years, could not be tackled 
industry Training Board to without adequate resources. 


industry i raining Board to without adequate resources, 
recommend an increase- in the There had been successive 

levy payable by engineering reductions in the non-return 
companies with more than 40 able levy and the board’s 
employees. employees had also been 

Forma! government ap- greatly reduced in number so 
proval of the increase is that it was now operating with 
thought almost certain. the smallest staff in its 21-vear 


uvcu wi UK increase is tnat it was now operating with 
ought almost certain. the smallest staff in its 22-year 

The EITB, one of six indus- history, 
try training boards to survive In addition, the board's 
the government axe in 1982, cash reserves were now at 



Fixing property 
letting value 


Duke of Westminster and Either he could lev the 
Others v Johnston premises for the highest annual 

Same v Voeeettaner rent he could obtain on the 

Same v MsStick market, that was. the rack rent; 

- Williams or 1* cou ^ accept a lower rent 

Sttine v « uuams plus the payment ofan immedi- 

Before Lord Keith of Kjnkei, aie capital sum — a premium. 
Lord Brandon of Oakbrook, | n either case the landlord was 

Lord Ternpleman. Lord Gnf- receiving value for letting his 
(ithsand Lord Goff of Chievdcy premises and there was no 


[Speeches sold June 12] 


reason why the meaning of 


In determining the letting letting value should be restricted 
value of a property for the to one of those two methods of 
purposes of the proviso to realizing the value of a long 
section 4(1) of the Leasehold lease, which would be the result 
Reform Aa 1967 it was perm is- of construing letting value as 
sible to take account of a rack rent. 


premium paid in respect of the 
gram of the relevant tenancy. . 


If the It 
the test to 


The House of Lords so held in market rent 


iture bad wished 
gainst a notional 
hey could have 


dismissing four appeals by the provided that the rent should be 
landlords, the Duke of West- compared to the reck rent 
minster, Mr John Nigel obtainable for the premises, 
Courtenay James and Sir Rich- which was a well recognized 
and Baker Wfibraham from the term of art in the law of landlord 
Court of Appeal (Lord Justice and tenant; but they did not do 
Acfcner, Lord Justice Browne- so. and chose a far wider term. 


said the extra money would their lowest level ever. Any 


help to solve the many press- 
ing training needs of the 
industry. 

Particular attention would 


further reduction would jeop- 
ardize support for training ut 
the industry. 

Mr Wbittali said the board's 


be given to skill shortages in recently published three-year 
high -techn ology companies, business p lan marie provision 
The EITB also intends to meet for a c omplete overhaul of the 
the growing demands for flexi- EITB’s six training centres 
hie and highly qualified crafts- and the further 14 to which the 
men and technicians to handle board is affiliated, 
the advanced manu fac turing The centres needed to be re- 
systems being installed in equipped and their staff re- 


industry. 


trained in new high-techno- 


The EITB is proposing to logy skills. Mr Whittali said 
raise its ‘'non-returnable’’ levy there was still too much 
from the present 0.06 per cent emphasis on outdated me- 
of a company's payroll to 0.08 chanical skills, 
per cenL For a company with The board strongly support- 
250 employees, the effect will ed the recently published ns- 
be _ to raise the annual sub- view of vocational qualifi- 
scription by £500 a year. A cations and wished to play a 
company with 5,000 employ-, full role in helping to develop 
ees would pay an extra a coherent system of engineer- 
£10.000 a year. ing qualifications with the 

The increase will boost the proposed National Council 
EITB’s annual income from for Vocational T rainin g. 

Reject bid, says Pegler 

Pe^er-Hattersley, which is The letter draws attention 
fighting off a £189 million bid to Tomkins’ -estimated ex- 
hum FH Tomkins, yesterday penses of £10.5 million if its 
urged shareholders to reject bid is successful- It says this 
the offer. would reduce the net asset 

In his last letter to share- contribution of Pegler- 
holders before the closing date Hattersiey by more thsn 40 
next Tuesday, the chairman, percent ' 

Sir Peter Matthews, said the Terms of the basic offer are 
benefits of plans laid by new 29 shares in Tomkins for 
management “are still largely every 14 in Pegler-Hattersley, 
to come". which was worth 61 7p a share 

A programme of capital yesterday with Tomlqns at 
investment was reducing 298jx There is also a '£530 
costs, and the increased de- convertible preference offer 
mand for building products In and acash alternative of 60 Ip. 
the second halfoHast year was Pgder-Hattersley’s shares 

expected to continue: . rose lOp to 602p yesterday. 


Shell UK, which yesterday 
placed a £46 million order for 
the sted jacket for Its Eider 
North Sea oHfield, has cut 
£160 million from the planned 
spending on the project be- 
cause of the fall in world oil 
prices. 

The contract, won by High- 
land fabricators, at Nigg, 
Easter Rqss, jrill provide 950 
jobs during the construction of 
the jacket — the framework 
built on the seabed to support 
the production platform - and 
an estimated 400 further jobs 
will be created indirectly. 

Contracts worth £180 raB- 
Gon* creating 3,000 jobs, have 
so far been placed for the the 
Eider project, with 88 per cent 
of the work going to British 
industry. 

British Steel has been 
awarded a contract to provide 
£6-5 million worth of steel, 
most of It from its Kavenscraig 
works. ' 

The fall in oil prices has 
forced the Shdl-Esso partner- 
ship, which will operate the 
field, to review the costs, and 
estimates have been reduced 
from £640 million to £480 

million. 

The project management 


Eider spending 
cut by £ 160 m 
after oil slump 

team, in consultation with fhe doe to begin in the first quarter 
main contractors, has re- of 1989. Farther costs will be 
e I? r F aspect of the saved by slowing down the rate 
project. The biggest single 0 f boild-up to full production 
savmg, £30 mfllioo. has been rates of 45,000 barrels a day, 
made by dropping plans to use with peak output targeted for 
a seabed template beneath the 1990 instead oflater in 1989. 
platform and pre-drill five M , 

anile Mr Brian Lavers, technical 

director of Shell UK, said 
Tits phasi ng of the project yesterday: “It is crucial that 
has also been reassesedL Fab- we have the tightest possible 
rication contracts have been grip on costs to safeguard our 
delayed by two months to position at a tinu> of great 
allow more detailed design uncertainty . By re-examining 
work, and the installation of the plans for the estimate of 
the pipeline which will connect the Tern field we socceeded in 
Eider to the existing Tern and catting its costs from the 
North Cormorant fields has original £910 mOUoa to £730 
been delayed by a year. million. 

However, the postpone- “The same cautions ap- 
roents wffl reran that the first pn»ch will he applied to other 
oil will be delayed by only a projects which arise for con- 
month and production is still sideraiion. We have great 


faith in the fhtnre of the North 
Sea but, in the very consider- 
able uncertainty which 
stretches to at least the end of 
the decade, keeping prod ac- 
tion costs down is the first 
priority for ail concerned." 

Eider, 117 miles north-east 
of the Shetlands, has estimat- 
ed reserves of 85 million 
barrels and a production life of 
20 years. It is the first oil 
platform in the North Sea to 
be designed for unmanned 
operations, and it wifi use 
some of tiie production facili- 
ties aboard the neighbouring 
Tern and North Cormorant 
platforms. 

Initially, oil wifi be pro- 
cessed aboard the Elder plat- 
form and then pumped eight 
miles sooth to tiie North 
Cormorant platform, where it 
wifi be finally treated before 
being sent by pipeline to the 
Ssfiom Voe terminal in the 
Shetlands. 

In addition, water needed 
for injection to the under- 
ground oil reservoir to main- 
tain prod action pressure will 
be pumped from the Tern 
platform 10 miles to the south- 
west 

David Young 


Acfcner, Lora Justice Browne- so. and chose a far wider ter 
Wilkinson, and Sir George Wal- A premium was manifestly 
Jer) {The Times June 25, 1985; part of the value that the 
(1986) 51 P&CR 162) who landlord received for letting the 
dismissed appeals from Judge premises unless it could be 


Parker. QC. who declared that attributed to other benefits such 
four tenants were entitled under as furniture and so forth and 
the 1967 Aa to purchase the there was no reason why it 
freeholds of their mews houses should be excluded from the 


on the Grosvenor Estate. 

Mr David Neuberger for the 
landlords; Mr Gavin Lightman, 
QC and Mr Kenneth Farrow for 
the tenants. 

LORD GRIFFITHS said that 
shortly before the underleases 
were due to expire the tenants 
applied for orders that they were 
entitled to acquire the freeholds 
of the houses; the landlords 
resisted on the sole ground that 
the houses were not let at a low 
rent within the meaning of the 
Act 

That depended on whether 
the rents ofOOO a year exceeded 


leiiing value of the premises. 

The landlords submitted that 
such a construction would make 
it extremely difficult to ascertain 
the letting value because the 
court would have to lake into 
account an infinite variety of 
combinations of rent and pre- 
mium rather than seek the rack 
rent from comparable lettings of 
similar properties at the time of 
the original letting. 

His Lordship believed the 
very reverse to be the case. A 
premium would have been paid 
for almost all the houses cov- 


inster 
ng its 
ertsey) 
her of 
i News 
s Press, 
npleted 
h. 

iLAPV 
er2pto 
ited its 
ent to 
irt Ben- 
k acting 
another 
\PV at 

■r a total 
i ares, or 
; votes, 
t 955p- 


APPOINTMENTS 


Hie Institute of Chartered 
Accountants in England and 
Wales: Mr Derek Boothman 
has been elected president, Mr 
Arthur Green deputy presi- 
' dent and Mr Jock Worsley 
vice-presidenL 

The . 600 .Group: • Mr A 
Christian Schaner and Mr 
Brian Carter have been made 
directors enf the board. 


Microgen Holdings: Mr Jan 
Jinert and Mr Ulf Bunge have 
joined the board. 

# Aztec Exploration: Mr Neil 
Tomkinsou becomes an execu- 
tive director. 

Association of Consulting 
Engineers: Mr Geoffrey 
Milson John Williams has 
been made chairman and Mr 
Keith Howard Best vice- 
chairman. 


London and Manchester Mr Bill Paterson has been 
Group- Mr D C Bourdon made non-executive 

becomes a director. chairman. 

Sunleigh Electronics: Mr Allied Breweries Take 
Colin Priestiand has been Home: Mr Michael Ham- 
made managing director and mood will become managing 
Mr Anthony Merryweather director from August 1. 


deputy managing director. 


Penlos: Mr Frank Brazier 


Review Board for Govern- has joined the board, 
meni Contracts: Sir Max Wfl- Whitbread & Co: Mr Tony 
bams is named as chairman Spalding wifi succeed Mr Bill 
and Mr Derek J Kingsbury Paterson as specialist director. 



PUTS PEOPLE FIRST 


has become a member. 

Peerless: Mr Pieter 
Hazenberg has been made 
group financial director. 

Gram Thornton: Mr Rich- 
ard J. Chaplin and Mr An- 
drew Conquest have been 
made partners. Mr Jonathan 
M Birch, Mr Roland G Clark, ; 
Mr Richard K Eastman, Mr R 1 
Howard Kidd, Mr John H 
May and Mr Martin S Robbie 
will become partners from 
July 1. 

Wardley: Mr Robin 
Crowther is named as manag- 
ing director, pension funds 
division and Lord Bucking- 
hamshire as institutional mar- 
keting director, UK. Mr 
Janies WeUings becomes a 
director of WISL 
International 

Paragon Communications: 


external affairs on July 31. 

I BASE 
LENDING 
RATES 

abn tom 

Adam & Company 10.00% 

BCC1 1040% 

Citibank Savings! 10.75% 

Consolidated Crds 1DD0S 

Continental Trust 10.00% i 

Co-operative Bank 10.00% 

C. Hoare S Co 10.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 10.00% 

LLoyOs Bank 10.00% 

Nat Westminster 10.00% 

Royal Bank at Seated __ 10.00% 

TS8 iom 

Citibank NA 10D0% 

t Mortgage Base Sate. 


collateral matters such as fur- 
niture, fittings and so on. 

The premium was to be 
decapitalized and expressed in 
annual terms and thus the 
letting value of the premises was 
the sum of the rent payable and 
the decapitalized annual value 
of the premium. 

On that calculation the letting 
value of each house would 
exceed £300 and thus the rents 
of £200 would be less than two- 
thirds of the letting value and 
the tenants would be emitted to 
purchase the freeholds. 

In his Lordship’s opinion 
“letting value” was to be given 
the broad construction for 
which the tenants had con- 
tended. There were basically 
two ways in which a landlord 
could obtain moneys worth fora 
house be wished to let on a long 
lease. 


et office 
nenl car- 
nt is es- 
>mpleied 
million. 


££ w,u,,u u * for almost all the houses cov- n , is es- 

Ihehou ses lei on the san ietenm "Ste rfTB sS 

? particular ho5se let on those 73p for 

terms at that date, in which case 3. 1986, 
the only calculation that had to 3p . This 
P be made was to apply a /rectors' 
Thekndlords had aigued that mathematical formula based lerim re- 
it was to be consiruMas toe upon actuaml principles to ispanda 
open market annual rent obtain- P" 5 ™ 1 ™ ,nI ° “ <* nod lo 

S !£ oTt^mher hand, if the rack ; CORPS 

rem had to be determined for a j. 1986. 

shortly hat Sro^^mrant ^>"8 ^*1 occurred many years Jn (£6.58 
snortjy,tMt letting value meant ^ much expend and time £333.052 

The tenants contended that 

letting value was the total be involved in seeking out .p). The 
SSleration that a landlord ? uf T ,aenl .mtly.. comparable company 
roukl obtain in toe open market ‘o give a fair basis upon ,e second 

not only the rent but also any ‘ E a " d 

premium in so far as it was disagreement ratoertha n agre. rcropand 

attributable to toe granting of 

the tenancy rather than any a soun* for Irnga- ioENIX 

collateral matters such as fur- l,0 -n ww „ I|M f'-^r 10 

"SS-ST. 1* ito55fSLSS?5hSi2r«SS55 lS s ov £ 

pressed iS d id not reflect the true s 31.914,. 

annual terms and tous the 1 561711 

letting value of the premises was 

the sum oflhe rent payable and 

annMi vai,K 

On that calculation Ihclenhw al the time of 11 k oneinal 

ssi&stiisus 

of £200 would be less than two- woulc * . he for the judge to 

as* 

sJrf sSS?SS 

tended. There were basically , Lord Kenh, Lord »andon, 
two ways in which a landlord ■d T! TI i ema ° 3011 Lor “ 
could obtain moneys worth for a a ^ reed - /'•U 

house be wished to let on a long Solicitors: Boodle Hatfield; aL ' 

lease. Macfarlanes; Compton Out. 


Second 
,73p for 
3. 1986, 
3p. This 
iircciors’ 
lerim re- 
I5p and a 
period to 

; CORPi 
1. 1986. 
in (£6.58 
£333.052 
per share 


Uf-vear to 
rufnovcr 
Loss be- 


Duty of solicitors in 
conducting appeals 


Docmnentathm in Appeals When it was added there were 
Sir John Donaldson. Master 14 M * 'n which to complete 
of the Rolls, sitting in toe Court “ d file dooimemation. 
of Appeal with Lord Justice ™“ *■* 1,01 optional, and if 
Mustilland Lord Justice Stocker so,,c, «°c s unable to doso it 
on June 1 1, reported the so Ik- «« *eir duty to communicate 
itors in seven appeals to the Law .“** j-°. un 10 an 
Society, and drew attention to ex i5 n ®r I1 -. ofu ™®- . . . . 

the duty of solicitors lo comply If solicitors failed m that duty 
with the rules as to the filing of ? ^customarily sent 

documents in connection with te"mg ihem of tbe datt when the 
forthcoming appeals (Order 59. appeal would be -listed for them 
rale 9 of the Rules of the show cause why it should not 
Supreme Court). “ dismissed. Failure to react to 

that lener was a further breach 

THE MASTER OF THE of their duty, 

ROLLS said that the court had The form of that letter bad 
already made it clear that it was been revised, after consultation 
the duty of solicitors to start with the Law Society, to make it 
documentingan appeal before it dear that to do nothing was not 
was added to the List of a cheap way of withdrawing an 


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Enquiry Office, ^PPP.Tavfatock House South, Tavistock Square, 
LONDON WC1H9LH Teh 01 388 2468 

Please send me a copy of the 1985 Report and Accounts D 

Please send ms details erf your Plans □ 

PbffaKfiykfuals □' Forcomparries □ Forine mb e re of Q 



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_____ Prt«f}yy'rin 


BARCLAYS de ZOETE WEDD 

In a further move tovi’ards the establishment of 
Barclays new international investment bank - 
Barclays de Zoete Wedd - the following companies 
will change their names from 16th June: 

Barclays Merchant Bank limited 
becomes 

Barclays de Zoete Wedd Limited 
Telephone: 01-623 2323 
Telex: 8S12124BZWG 
facsimile: 01-623 6075 


Barclays Investment 
Management Limited 
becomes 

Barclays de Zoete Wedd Investment 
Management Limited 
Telephone: 01-248 9155. 

Telex: 887521 BARTSTG 
Facsimile: 01-248 1180 " 


Barclays Propert)’ Investment 
Management Limited 
becomes 

Barclays de Zoete Wedd Property 
Investment Management Limited 
Telephone: 01-248 9155 
Telex: 887521 BARTST G 
Facsimile: 01-248 1180 


Barclays Futures Limited 
becomes 

Bardays de Zoete Wedd Futures Limited 
Telephone; 01-6260588 
Telex: 892667 BZWFUTG 
Facsimile: 01-6260588 
exLS377 


Forthcoming Appeals. 

Legal aid 
delays in 
children cases 

Ridgeway v Ridgeway 
Sir John Donaldson, Master 
of toe Rolls, sitting in the Coon 
of Appeal with Lord Justice 
Mustilland Lord Justice Stocker 
on June 1 1. referred to delays 
resulting from legal aid consid- 
erations in appeals involving 
children. The court allowed a 
further four weeks for filing 
documents in accordance with 
Order 59. rule 9 of the Rules' of 
toe Supreme-Coun. 

THE MASTER OF THE 
ROLLS said that particularly in 


appeal 

Choosing the 
evidence 
to believe 

Regina v Secretary of State far 
the Home Department, Ex 
parte Majid 

Where on toe evidential ma- 
terial before the court a factual 
issue was raised which was 
insoluble, the court, acting in its 
limited jurisdiction to interfere 
where an error of law was 
disclosed, had lo proceed on the 
footing of facts favourable to the 
respondents. 

Mr Justice Simon Brown so 
held in the Queen's Bench 
Division on June 1 1 when 
dismissing an application for 


s. 


>op into 


W 8256 


•rmation 


plication 
om tried 
th our 


(£499 ex 
torage. 
iger 11 
>): It 

>r Prestel. 
. (worth 


,...£99.95 


cases involving children the review Q f an immigra- 

rflurt aimed to eel anneals on -«■ • j : ■ r . 


court aimed to get appeals on 
within two, or. exceptionally, 
three months of toe judgment. 
Time in a child's life was to be 
measured very differently from 
in the context of an adult's fife. 

There was a lack of reality in 
an appeal unless it was heard on 
updated information, since 


_ £99 OO 

lion officer's decision refusmg 

toe applicant leave to enter the jmsfor 

HIS LORDSHIP said that £49.95 

where a clear factual issue was 
raised and the probabilities 
could be shown to point to one 
account rather than another, the 
court could act on that (actual 


what was true in January might footimT 
no longer he in* m June. Those HisLordship could not accept 

EmI *** bare intention that where 

to there was factual doubt the court 


THE BARCLAYS GROUP INVESTMENT BANK 


fit of doubt to the applicant. 

There was no criticism of the C01T6Ctl0Il 

legal aid authorities, but special 

arrangements were required. In R v Epping and Ongeur 
The right course might be for Justices. Ex parte C. Shippam 
; the legal aid authorities lo Ltd: R v Same. £x pane Breach 
decide an application for sup- [The Times June 7) it should 
port in the context ofan appeal have been made dear that a 
as a two-stage matter, first, declaration by the Queen's 
whether there was sufficient to Bench Divisional Court that 
justify documents and then, to proceedings in a magistrates' 
fund the documentation. court were a nullity would be 

There should not be a situa- equivalent to quashing the 
tion where months went by conviction and that such a 
while the legal aid authorities declaration would not prevent a 


ntain and may 


decided whether lo gram legal 
aid and nothing happened. 


rehearing of toe case before the 
justices. 










FINANCE and industry 


THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


STOCK EXCHANGE PRICES 


From j.our portfolio -card checfc vour 
1'itni share price movements. Add them 
up io gne \ou your overall loial. Check 
■his against (he daily dividend jlguxc 
published on ihis page. If it matches >ou 
njie »on ouinchi or a share of the total 
daily prize monev stated. If vou are a 
winner folio* the claim procediut on Ore 


Rally fades 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began June 2. Dealings end today. §Contango day Monday. Settlement day June 23 
SForward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 



14.3 *4 B.O 
192 X5 lit 
29 54 4.# 
4U u u 
528 72 73.8 



DAILY dividend 
£4,000 

□aims required for 
+37 points 

Claimants shonld ring 0254-53272 


CHEMICALS. PLASTICS 




48 36't 
198 160 
393 291 
3*1 I BO 

159 ll» 

III 76V 
ISM 103 
166 HZ 
IDO 57'J 
136 83 

285 245 

160 138 

14J n2 
20 15 

163 137 

131 100 
245 172 
398 215 
1B0 113 
453 330 
10I'* 76*. 

10 734 
410 333 
116 103 
235 179 
85 83 

178 131 
330 318 
70 36 

ZI3 178 

132 67 


AKZONfV Baser 
AMD OMMS 
Amentum 
aikSkt Cnemcrt 
BTP 

Boyar DMSO 
BOgdan 
ftera Oaro 
Br Banal 
CanwngpRl 
Craw 
Coam Bros 
DO 'A' 

Com tHoraea} 
CradA 
Do cm 

Ba 8 E*erara 
Foiero-Mnsep 
Hawead (Jamoal 
Hekson 
Hoec tia l 0M50 

Imp Own M 

lapone 

P*pu 

Rworoa* nop 
nanou 
SWA Bf*o 
SuMWa SpaWan 
VKnMnhoin RrtL 

v» w e cam" 


*fe 400 
*2 36 

♦ l BA 

51 

52 

*1 700 

*3 «U 
-1 6-0 
*2 

• -I 5.1 

• -2 10.2 

• . M 

• *-< 6JS 

• . 03 


-2 U 

• 129 

84 

21.4 

+'» 

47.1 

+1 11.6 

54 
JL9 

* 3- G 

-1 as 

♦19 

♦5 *l.f 

♦2 U 


CINEMAS AND TV 


235 

1(9 

AngNa TV -A' 

220 


1X9 

53 151 

50 

2*0 

27 

17B 

htv’R/v 

48 

3J8 

• *1 
+2 

29 
11 4 

60 63 

S3 93 

358 

263 

LWT HW 

ScM TV’a 1 

348 

•2 

213 

6 1 14.0 

350 

168 

348 


1500 4J 119 

238 

153 

tvs m 

230 

-3 

11.4 

50 119 

*J 

31 

T5W 

40 


28 

65 110 



139'" 

116'. 

■ Li 1 l'rL".,1 


123'i 

104 



112’" 

9*'e 

Tran 10% 

2004 IDS' 

MJ'.- 

4ft- 

Fttt) 3'.-% 

»WWJ4 56'. 




2004 101'. 


96': 

Con. 9'J 

a 3005 101V 


90'. 

tkmv 9';% 

£005 101 


We 

treh 10'i% 

2005 lift, 

04-1 

IIP. 

Trass IJ'iS 

200-05 (2ft 

96*i 

(ft. 

Tress B% 

20024M 60‘. 

107'- 

IBS’: 

Com 91*. 

2006 103> 

127<> 

504V 


£00307 115' 

95V 

72'. 

n»'- 
88 '. 
57V 

Traea 13*;% 

Tran 8% 
Tress 5'r% 

200*98 134- 
~DOB as-. 
£006-12 86- 

- Jr* vpi ■ 1 ' »<Ar 1 

r • ■; M ■ j 



BANKS DISCOUNT HP 




t5 ISO 63 

+'i 

17.0 *3 


160 

flr 

117 


200 

62 

64 

*5 

268 

55 

7f 


132 

2.2 

781 

-3 

269 

66 

106 


78 

an 

15.1 

+ 1 

139 

SI 


*'* 

206 

5.4 



18 

73 

91 


a* 

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1X8 

♦ft. 

60 

61 


*3 

200 

50 


-1 

40 

11 

117 


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67 

>03 


7.9 

32 

145 

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•dO 

-5 

169 

49 

65 


174 

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2X3 

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7.9 

164 

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25.7 

34 

■ 10 

+2 

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5/ 

67 


X3 

6* 

117 

♦5 

364 

7C 

164 

*a 

273ft 

59 

45 


600 

57 

62 

- 3 
+2 

Si 

67 

3J 

1U 

HU 


65 

54 

144 



355 180 ABEM M3 

163 120 AlSMmwe 163 

60* 180 Amwad 575 

99 61 Aoncot ConfriMn B* 

» SI «W „ JO 

300 205 AaanocCanv 27S 

SB 46 AoWFnaaty M 

330 1*0 Aimsae m 

37D 240 SCC MO 


*5 114 22 M3 

IS 05 309 
+10 16 03 *39 

■a 3 id 2s as 

* 16 1jS ,H 

-a 2.1 1 1 127 

I 157 52 169 


noh low CgtO^iy 


Mm Oaragnare 1M 


BB > 
250 IK 

142 96 
530 380 
223 l*S 

ar< to 
107 71 
5* 26 

143 74 
570 350 

75 32 
104 63V 

425 331 
at 4<j 
1»2 121 
212 ISO 
Z16'i1fl8'i 

315 207 - r 
305 ZOO 
MV IIP. 
80 *8 
223 17B 
115 92 

117*715 
259 171 
200 186 
31$ 168 
19'j 17V 
371 200 
102': H 
110 98 

in 95 

137 57's 
W» 25 
97 81 

SB 72 


enwy Hunt 
CUHca (Camera) 
Gttyttn Son 
CoiwiJAt 
OtHoro* on 

G om ft e o o Tech 
Goncerorc 
Oort Staoeam 
Coo* ftvmj 
Cookson 
cony ffi 

CCwA 

Couway Ptpa 
Cowan 6a OW 
Crtfl MAoUn 
Dow Home 

ClFinwa 3'-% 
DSC 

ores 

Ort|ot* 

Dana 

Dam & Met A' 
Dowcs 6 Mernnm 

D*Xi Rua 

□riia 

Dertand Sampeig 
Omcuaer 
Daw Had 
Orteme 
DooeCjn Park 
Den 

Ooramon H 
Duoort 

IM 

Dvson (JU) 

Do A' 


56 +1 

135 
128 
520 

206 +2 

H 

103 •-! 
44 
139 

525 «+2 

75 

10* +11 

385 
86 

188 *1 

190 

E189V* 

36 

315 +5 

260 «+2 
£2D'i •+■* 
70 

913 • 

106 +2 

no*. 

220 +2 

2*8 • 

273 

17V • 

260 • 

100 ♦■» 

W3 

110 -1 

132i 

105 +7 


. a . 159 

GS 29 6*9 
100 7 2 92 
15.4 ao m 

7.1 39 15.1 

59 »K.I 
13 39 112 
*4 48 100 
11 1 2.1 14 3 

2.1 29 *2.1 
4.8 4916.1 
129 34 123 

a? 473m 

69 4.1 tas 

11.1 59 109 

373 22 

H7e 19 .. 

2S 07 469 

179 09 99 




R NANCE AND LAND 


1.8 06 .. 

4 ItO 69 67 
♦SO Z7S 4.1 89 


17.1 09 78-3 

3.7 23 414 


♦■* IS S.1 11 4 
89 44216 
690 49 239 




HOTELS AND CATERERS 


433 32B Oram MM 395 

S 3 208 Kennedy Brookes 235 
1 312 lArtrake 3*7 

5*5 *47 Lon PM Hotels 520 
100 7B'» Mount QtarMia 79 V 

>05 67 Ponce Ol W Hraab BO 

79 58*1 Queans mom 68 

*05 37i Gamy Monts 'A‘ 375 

St 58 stafcti 70 

209 1*8 IrustBouso Forte 162 


2Z7 176 
233 19* 
123 95 

875 2*3 
110 SO 
258 172 
3*3 207 
275 130 
403 180 

47 33 

32 23 

*36 355 
91 52 

4*0 255 
J93 333 
63 3>'.- 
363 263 

£ £ 
*50 OKI 
85 67 
336 271', 
332 237 
2C2 1*6 
2ft" IB 
635 *20 
310 216 
210 126 
174 ns 
495 160 
57 *0 

303 180 
32 2i 
241 136 
69 47 

630 151 
<26 318 


INDUSTRIALS 
A- D 


AAM 222 

AGB Rwhmwi 2i( 

AM 123 

APV 671 

Asrorawn 97 

AoweM 218 

Aieonora Wnoar 300 
Ameer Ind 275 

AgpMKfcve 160 

Aranson 39 

Armour 27 

Aj*i A Lacey 430 

Astern 52 

ASS ft Enq 815 425 

ASSOC HMD 476 

Aurora 69 

Awe Burner 363 

Agsrara Mats) 

BET DIO 393 

BETEC 79 

BOC 307 

BTH 308 

Bsococ* 162 

Baeey |CHI if* 

1 (WTTTI 510 

Bauer Pams 282 

Banro M 195 

BartWn 153 

Bortov. Him 251 

Bantu. Hspuum JO 

Bom Tranooti SM 

Baynes (Cnaneij 26 
Beamon CWM 2l6 

BeauSw 6* 

0B4Mr<CH| 270 


335 2SS 
205 140 
120 76 
138 84'. 

173 105 
17* 149 
553 178 

m 199 

288 187 

356 265 

289 390 

19 B‘: 

3S3 258 

22'* 16H 

123 75 

m m 
n 62 
*j av 

50 35 

TM 110 
19* IS 
116 116 
245 1GB 
143 97 
323 196 
423 296 
ISO 34 
X 15 
■W 2S 
TOO 15* 
30 19 
63 *6 
303 200 

ne is 
83 59 
68 SO 
99 56 
SB 25'r 
90 58 
*00 251 
60 56 
M*. 3’r 
8 S 
23 13 

85 *5 

87 65'j 

105 59 

290 193 
640 5lB 
358 265 


Betor Cosmam 
OenkM 32 

BenMero l»«l) 224 

BwoBonn Irt 

& 2S 

gS2, w ^ 

I 

Btoa [Peun 253 

& 

^ rMCCnrti 3U 

31' 

b3S5S b0 ' s 350 

gnp*"! ” 

r i ZSSSToo £ 

BtWon 169 

DedMo-Cmay 190 

Bt Bog A Eng ado 135 
ft Sssan KS 

ft Sypnon 113 

»%■ 995 

Broken M 392 

Brom*oro*e me* 107 

Brtxa Enq SB', 

Brooke Tool 37 

Brown A T«we 172 

Brawn Monel 29 

ftumens (Musi 48 

BtAOuan Z7* 

f-Bart » 

Bu*K-Aoe*vm 75 

CMtbroad Bwi 62 

Camtoxi Em 63 

i Caoero w M 

Cape mo n 

C*rao Eng 357 

CasMv* 78 

' C4MS*St 3* V 

Cennl A Sue* 6 

Cenawiuay Md 20 

CH ind 63 

r pur«tttaifi PH 06'J 
Oaracertn A hw 9l 

cnanat Cons 233 

Owflum? M9 

Omsaun 29a 


61 43 133 

3.1 £8 122 

S3 Z.1 34.9 
3.5 1-2 262 

B.B u ao 

at 4.3 163 

“ M SS 

01 582 
24 185 
3.1 68 
10 10 6 
13 345 
3* 14 7 


370 

106 

1 

128 

B* 

33 

10 

152 

1M 

62 

2* 

275 

£00 

58 

28 

120 

3S 

*30 

271 

7'. 

4', 

54 

3* 

29 

ll 

243 

HO 

300 

149V 

48 

10 

143 

98 

34 

23 

27S 

180 

ST* 43 

BtC 

553 

165 

133 

Sr 

3* 

Z3', 14 

153 

43 

2B0 

101 

218 

155 


OVERSEAS TRADERS 


INSURANCE 


MS Da 1% Cny 
98 Do PI 
IIS 


226 182 
26'* 22 
2B't 23 
305 223 
917 602 
338 228 
301 235 
*31 213 
95* 701 
95* 720 
706 58* 
349 287 
280 231 
22* 179 
*20 261 
BV» 29 '« 
285 220 
303 233 
14'. 12 
9*2 716 
*50 361 
987 788 
420 328 
424 346 
445 4HS 
772 520 
927 772 
550 120 
474 394 


1*4 96 

220 12B 
171 98 

58 3* 
325 158 
306 325 
GZ'j 49 
81 65 

128 93 

131 94 

103 32 

157 137 
175 135 
391 276 
375 326 
« 43 

228 167 
380 255 
71 51 

183 1S8H 


Cam umon 
Eausy I Law 
FAl 

Gan Acodara 

0«£ 

Heath C E 
Hogg Pcooaon 
loom A Ben 

LOHKM1 6 Man 
Lon UU Inv 

Moran A McLan 

uro 

PWS 

Peart 

PruoanW 

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tasTift. 

Stwge HWB» 
Sun Absnce 
Sun lift 
Trade i nd amoay 
W4k9 Finer 


IBS +1 

224'. *+H 

say. +V 

305 -7 

827 +8 

295 -4 

2*3 • 

357 -A 

789 *-5 

819 *+2 

5ft* a-6 

269 

2*8 *3 

182 l 
*01 • 
E38". 

231 m . 

Z83 «*S 

£13*4 


824 >3 

343 -3 

382 • . 

415 -7 

632 14 

817 
190 
39* 


S3 54 
(00 41 

890 35 . 
85 25 21.4 
42.6 52 

165 57 

95 *.0 


LEISURE 


BUT 8 WA -A' 

BOOM* 8 Hawfeas 
Brant «MMr 
Cmeal 
Owysaka 
Fust lean 
GHA 

Hw u a ua r Broom 
Horaon Tnmai 
m l«n 

Juana's Mdp 
Lee hrt 
Mrtinar 
PlMsuana 
Party Uirtui 
RMy LMuro 
Saga HObans 
Bamielson Gq 
Tonannaai Hofatv 
Zonoti 


120 *+10 
165 -5 

181 B-Z 

48 

158 • 

360 

52*i 

« 

114 

109 

40 a+2 

157 
UO 

£ — 
44 
MS 

265 * S 

70 

1ST *i 


WO 83 81 

24.7 

75 45 WA 
1.4 20121 
80 5.1 1 02 
85 25 IU 


83 SO 55 
710 85 8.1 
43 105156 

75 5 . 8 93 
10.7 17 119 
18.1 4.4 1*5 

85 901*3 
3*8 12 . 
5.7* 8.1 12.7 
8.1 17 145 


paper, printing, advertg 


215 

120 

43 

225 

31 

138 

ZM 

201 

i*3 

142 

(ebon 

MOM 

Ww 
4ssoc 
Wi ft 
Berra □ 
Bosm 
BPCC 
Brum 
Da 1 

155 

Buttl 

720 

CAtm 

173 

Chap" 

i7B 

Croce 

159 

WHJ 

145 

Davtt 

360 

Euan 

i?2 


375 

Frttn 1 

S3 

Bkara 

200 

□wo ( 


PROPERTY 


MINING 


1+4 11 05 HI 

1-2 16.1 4 8 165 

I. 143 25 155 
1 . . SLO 25 13.1 
+2 2.1 25 144 

+'J 23 34 1*5 

53 13 145 

15 25 173 

+7 75 45 111 


16 73 II 0 

25.7a 85 89 
S3 79 
103 SO 145 
15 55 17 
80 2» 152 
181 4 1 183 

I 

15 50246 
159 87 115 

75 «4 95 
G.1 47 7.4 

86 21 239 

88 1 4 444 
238 *5 WJ 
96 34 165 

34 20 325 

SJ3 44 125 

5.4 43 123 
86 84 182 
84 49 as 

2.4 09 235 

1 «D 25 8* 
1.7 ft# 25.6 
88 30 118 

17 1 10 1*5 

Ifl.l 4-1 111 


133e 123 
175 5.1 115 
33 4 1115 
11 60 11.1 
05 1.1 307 
71 42 105 

7 4 35 1*5 

0.9 0.7 71 1 
98 41 162 
43 35 129 
103 14 125 

16 15 235 

07 11234 

20 54 75 
9.8 65 11.4 

*3 9.0 9.4 
II 7 43 131 
36D 1.4 94.4 
19 S3 162 
4.7 76 95 
25 35 14.1 
£* 43*83 

0 5.4 

1790 50 85 
43 5.5 73 
1.4 4.1 17.4 
a 123 
95 

14 4.1 12J 
55 64 11 1 
S3 S5 10.1 
157 67 48 2 

193 12 HI 
75 25 181 


13>* S Ann Aroer coal 
•i'1'.iVs AngArn 
S7'j 38 Am GoU 
58 33 AAR 
40 23 Aimwaai 
*i S3 Be 'A' 

198 120 Aw MHn 
*25 258 

«eo ns rndm 
21'. 12 Buftafts 
3S8 258 CRA 
09 45 Curr Boyd 

534 AW Cm GUO&tUa 
531 314 Oo 8»era 
200 105 tMeoaaal 
4*. Dooirtomun 
iy» B’. DrmiontMD 
7’* S'- Dwfesfi 

hssss 

198 IZ9 El Oil) 

195 90 BMaieg 

3W 220 EBrtWI 
«'. 2'* E Rand Prop 
9 4*. FS Cone 

213 S3 FS Dev 
75 » Goaror Ha 

W» 4Pe Gaaort 
IQ 6 GenMkang 
If. 6 SF5A 
476 313 GM Katgoor* 

#3 35 Gooong 

-rni 70 O roaiwecti Haa 
375 203 Orognrtei 
158 91 Ha mpMn Atom 
9S 4*. Kymony 

seo iB5 (dim 

81 47'l JOMMH 

12*7 y- Kinross 
a^i 3'a Kkwi 
H» 70 Larta 
I3tr 7'm lbi ne 
*10 170 Loralna 
157 98 MM 
26 15- Manu al Mnktg 

id 85 Mamma 
23 w.- Meats Exp 

28 6 Mtwagura 

9 5'- M«w Kite 

655 530 Mmaroa 
5>r 2'I Naw W» 

142 70 MiMuM 

*4 27 Nn Kauui 
260 207 Nortigm 
325 11 Orange Free 
<26 90 PoeSmTm 
am am Pahowibam 
25 11 .Rand Hw LU 
445 200 Rand Hw Prop 
68 16 Ranataotui 

286 225 Ramson 
791 311 RTZ 
7V 4<x BllStertlUrg 
10'1 ft. Si HaM* 

108 73 SA Land 
31 144. Souanna 

S58 313 SUtonm 
138 80 Surge. Bern 

138 75 TronUI 

S69 336 Untssl 

HS-i 33L Vrat AMIS 

544 2*3 uentanptm 

105 65 Vttktomeai 

80 55 vugots 

17 10<T urn Cofttty 

545 298 WU fc o m 

310 133 WMen Areas 
2ft> 16*- We ste rn Deep 
t96 ua WecMoi Mkeng 
295 123 dim Rm Cons 
>*o i so ww crook 

17H 7'l WklWB 
88 28 VW N« 

161 11 Zambia Copper 
58 33 Zteepan 


S'i .. .86.1 

aa -a 5*0 as 

3ff>. 4M 115 

391 -31 271 69 

23 -I M2 62 

23 -1 142 82 

35 +5 *7-5 352 

58 -17 7BJJ 30JS 

IS BSD 30.8 

12 202 217 


-IS 350 62 105 

-2 180 43 

-10 4H 36 
920 196 
-*« 120 152 

-a ” i: ■ 

-17 120 67 .. 
68 3* 168 
M O 142 . 
-20 260 127 


£!■ 

E61 

£6'. +'. 

382 -3 

45 

97 -3 

203 -S 
153 -1 

e*>e 

•85 -3 

£471 -11 

E5'. 

ESI a .. 

70 -5 

c r. -■« 

170 -23 

MM +2 

17 

« -I 

21 -11 

a *i 

£ 5 '. 

535 48 

£21 -1 

80 -1 

33 -1 

207 

CJJ -•* 

90 

225 

£11 *-11 

2G® (6-25 

£39 -2 

343 *5 

824 *-18 

rs 

Eft. -*1 

73 

£141 -1 

313 
108 

» a .. 

338 -25 

£331 -i 

2*3 -20 

65 
05 

17 • 

298 -10 

133 -8 

Cl 51 -1 

IS *» 

(23 

10* 

E71 

28 -2 

11 -■» 

» -B 


BOO 126 
873 1X4 

*84 7.4 


54.0 266 
1.4 09 i 
628 12.7 
170 62 
3*6 13 

nao no 

400 112 
260 *1 A 
115 (41 


too 19 

2X0 62 . 


1X0 60 U 
551 14.1 

3M 60 82 
260 52 37 J 
12S 163 
«0 247 
1TB 79 


*60 139 
558 (65 
5*0 212 
150 211 .. 
49 79 « 


180 144 
1(0 136 
48 38 
231 218 
255 200 
198 (70 

m 410 

855 760 
171 13( 
70 16* 
20 U 
MO 09 
177 117 
259 ITS 
858 470 
20 ft. 
IfiS 158 
117 47 

■20 110 
160 140 
112 63 
1 6 * SI 
78 43>i 
an 170 
(92 ms- 

sso 202 

We 11 
495 *32*r 
485 41T» 
223 130 
320 Z33 
310 270 
160 155 
320 273 

75 54 
332 278 
7*0 430 
237 147 
2B8 SIS 
171 152 
325 268 
380 273 
126 90 
116 MB 
58 *8 
162 125 

76 60 
*30 173 
BOO 510 
700 364 
105 82 


63 *3 
280 255 
IB 9* 
210 178 
137 107 
123 108 
W't 8’- 
600 320 
618 313 
257 253 
270 153 
92 7B 
ITS 1*2 
445 360 
172 144 
88 86 
55 *5 

260 1B6 
MS 95 
6*0 525 
970 676 
5*5 475 
28 17'* 

172 142 



62 

a* 

781 

• 

2D 

Xft 

18 a 


29 

16 

167 

-2' 

£4 

15 


-1 

60 

66 

74 

•+4 

17.1 

62 

169 

194 

U 

193 

+1 

IS 

22 

162 

• 

61 

51 

167 


870 2 29 

S10 179 
171 109 
39 2.1 
(29 99 


(MOTORS AND AIRCRAFT 


SHIPPING 


Asmc ft Pons 303 s-2 

ft CtnxnonWh 283 « 

catodonfa 268 -2 

Hster (Jamas) » a-z 

Graxi 500 

■sr m i 

BwjrJpM 37 

Ocean Transpon 196 

P ft 0 DM 613 -5 

Rumman (Waqor] tos a 
Turtwascw 375 


71 U 169 

7.1 29 169 

61 29 564 

4.7 8.4 102 

(79 16 2*9 

5.1 67 589 

tt* 
. 67 
93 4.7 60 
229 4S 14.7 
71 68 165 

129 14 309 


ibb >*a ab ini 

158 78 AppHyrtd 158 

Ml JO't Amttttg 121 

4B'i 24't BSG 45': 


38 17 

274 2M 

« £ 

90 *8 

526 373 

128 l(fl 

135 120 

170 9* 

16* 131 
18* 13* 
16* 99 
£2 29 

,3 f £ 

&& 

M9 O't 


32'i 


X34 

7.1 

3*8 


S3 

38 

75 

•-1 

IB 

U 

71 

-1 

35 

49 

IS 


173B 39 


43 

55 

1(8 


43 

Z4 

182 


39 

X4 

138 


1.7 

16 

126 


U 

19 

102 


34 

35 

48 

- V 

X* 

62 

118 

•-« 

39 

33 

120 


1X9 

106 

955 

-10 

195 

20 

48 

• -! 

14 

29 

251 

• _ 

12.1 

46 

123 

-s 

79 

64 

46* 


ao 

54 

£32% 




120 

s 

u 

25 

£ 

+1 

04 

86 

1.1 

24 

160 

• 

66 

45 

184 


7.6 

41 

IS 


575 *5 

108 


78 

76 

153 


55 

08 

83 

-2 



523 

*20 

2X8 

45 

451 

-2 

165 

4.1 

110 

•7 

35 

SO 

220 

-3 

171 

76 

79 


68 

168 

196 


a 


206 

• 

149 

63 

285 

• -1 

750 2J 

97 

a 



40 

*2 



185 

*5 

1* 30 

77 

516 

-1 

115 

36 

155 

-2 

0 


188 

-w 

49 

23 

515 


95 

16 

ess 

-1 



6V 

■•'ft 



08 


* a 

45 


EnmroR (COI 289 

Br Aaroaoaea 503 

Br Car Ancttos 137 

SL~ 38 

Caftni 2«l 

COrtffl 184 

□awe (Qortray ) roe 

Oowrty 222 

ERF 47 

FR Grow 357 

Fora MOW 172 

Game ftrai* <9 (6 

General Motor 255 

Ororarow iwim 87 

C.JOUD loan 135 

Haranks 90 

Hone* MOW 457 

Jaguar 600 

Jeesum (ST 

103 

Lea 384 

Loo k e r; 135 

Lucei 583 

Pony gp 131 

Ptaxiorw (OB 78 

Quck {HJ) 75 

Supra S9 

WBortrood wonoet *7 


I . 7.4 44 119 

•10 7.1 49 7 3 

22 19 189 

1+1 19 15 149 

. » 

11.1 4.1 149 

-8 229 *9 168 

59 18169 

+1 

*6 6d S3 
+2 MUM 

57 59 130 

♦2 79 93 17.1 

-1 10.6 

»-B 66 13 169 

1+1 79- 4.1 . 

» . *9 67 99 

+4 260 99 

_ 51.7 

R . 38 *9 11.4 

-7 18 ftB . 

-3 1X3 IS 103 

I 61 SO 92 
1-1 39 2.9 145 

15.1 4.1 209 

*5 72 62 88 

-3 167 29 113 

* 64 491X0 

84 62 111® 

*5 4.1 59 109 

It 63 113 

0.1 02 112 


SHOES AND LEATHER 


360 290 F8 32S 

? ® SSSSnfSSi ^ • 

216 in Lameett Hawarm 1S5 
82 68 Ha-boM 4 Baeon 7* 

ii« 82 mam MO 

1S7 lift Strong A Reher 146 

20 158 Stylo 221 


S3 29 TXT 
I 143 88103 

8 7 1.8 89 8 

83 ««W 

44 59 2X4 

*2 62 58 78 

_ 114 73 59 

-2 64 29 273 


TEXTILES 


NEWSPAPERS AND 
PUBLISHERS 


A3MC BOC* 
fa yy fiaerapadar 
«aek(ABG) 
BmM 

CtftK (MB) 

Do 7y 
S«AP 'A' 


MaDandsnt 
U TBomson 


OcCTUt 

PvwnuH) Sv4 


♦2 60 
42 61 

• . 143 

+10 3X5 

11.1 

11.1 

4.7 

+5 260 

at 2 mo 

+5 1X0 

-a mo 

149 

99 

• -1 67 

♦a 2i.4 

• sxa 


579 206V 
210 135 
140 87 

10 * 88 
144 123 
60 80 
74 V S', 
315 190 
193 74 

276 198 
57 42 
171 1M 
SO 25 
110 SB 
113 BB 
S7 33 
170 BO 
73 47 
190 132 

w 

i \l 

1S8 6* 
<2 30 
1SS 109 
3< 23 
102 133 
SB 48 

117 67 

9 I 
9 9' 


AtWJ Tew 
Antra Bros 
ama (jam 
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.... ; - 



A SPECIAL REPORT ON 
PRIVATE HEALTH/1 


THE 



29 


TIMES 


i FOCUS D 


TUNE 13, 1986 



t; 


future hangs 




♦■yaw# 


i ■ ■, 

1 ; *<’ 


on 



votes 



More people than 
ever before are now 
covered by private 
health schemes at an 
ever increasing cost. 
How will private 
care develop? 
Nicholas Timmins 
.looks at the political 
implications 


u.~ 



• i!: 

1: ^ 
• m 4 

. /*. 


Mrs Thatcher may be hinting 
strongly that she is han g in g on 
until early to mid- 1 988 for the 
next general election, but it is 
to that election that the pri- 
vate sector is looking, slightly 
nervously, for its future. 

For the problems affli cting 
the private sector — Burned 
growth, rising costs, conflicts 
between the insurers and the 
private hospital groups, and 
worries among the big compa- 
ny subscribers about the size 
of their medical insurance 
bills — look unlikely to change 
much between now and then. 

Few in the private sector 
expect the Government to do 
anything much to help to bale 
it out before an election. The 
private sector's constant plea 
for tax relief on insurance 
premiums for those past re- 
tirement age has been repeat- 
edly turned down and does 


The public's fears 
continue to grow 


not fit in with the Chancellor’s 
basic aim of simplifying the 
tax system. 

Clear incentives for private 
health care would only in- 
crease the public’s doubts that 
the NHS is safe in the 
Government's hands. But-the 
outcome of the general elec- 
tion could hold big changes for 
the private sector, for its good 
or ill. 

There is a strong tendency 
among those in the private 
medical world to argue that 
the Government has done 
little to help it except provide* 
words of encouragement 

truth. Since 1979 the (jlpvera- 
ment has abolished the Health 
Services Board, which im- 
posed controls on the size and 


location of private hospitals. 
It has allowed all consultants, 
hot just those with pan-time 
NHS contracts, to undertake 
private practice at up to IQ per 
cent of their NHS income. 
Employer-paid health insur- 
ance for those earning below 
£8,500 is no longer a taxable 
benefit. The growth of private 
hospitals has been encouraged 
by allowing them to qualify 
for tax concessions under the 
Business Expansion Scheme. 

In a sense the Government 
has freed the market for 
private health and the market 
has gone slightly nred With 
the NHS seen as under acute 
pressure, there has been an 
explosion in the numbers 
insured, up from 2.4 million at 
the end of the 1984, to about 
5.4 m3 lion now. 

There has also been a large 
expansion in the number of 
private hospital beds from 
4,000 to nearer 10,000, as 
over-optimistic predictions in 
the early 1 980s of the numbers 
likely to be insured has pro- 
duced over-supply. 

Far the past few years, 
however, the total of those! 
insured has been growing at 
only 3 to 5 per cent as the cost i 
of private medical insurance 
has soared. Despite attempts 
to control private hospital 
costs, the combined effect of 
these together with a higher 
claims rate by those insured, I 
more high-tech medicine and | 
increased doctors’ fees, is that ; 
private medical inflation is 
still running at 15 to 18 per] 
cent, when inflation generally 
is down to mound 3 per cent 
Further stiff increases in pre- 
miums are likely next month. 

What some in the private 
sector are hoping for— chiefly 
among the private hospitals — 
is the return . of another 
Thatcherite government 
which would take up some of : 
the more radical ideas that 
were being kicked around on 
the Conservative right during 
the long gestation of the 
Government’s discussion doc- 
ument On primary health care. 

The introduction of- some 
sort jof voucher that could be 
spent in-theNHS, oriouldbe 
lopped up and spent in private 
hospitals,; - could radically 
change the face of private 
medicine, 'although it is far 


Keeping an eye 
on all the staff 


Good health at the workplace 
has always been a private 
affair. None of the relevant — 
and expanding — services is 
available through the NHS. 

'It can cost £250,000 to 
replace the 45-year-old execu- 
tive lost through a fatal heart 
attack. And compensation 
claims for work-related health 
problems now exceed acci- 
dents as the major cause of 
company liability claims. So 
spending on health and safety 
matters can be more 
economical 



Although health care at 
work used to be mainly con- 
fined to screening of execu- 
tives, or of workers in 
obviously hazardous indus- 
tries, it now includes condi- 
tions arising from the “sick 
building” syndrome, or from 
the introduction of VDUs. 

Hence the development of 
specialist services catering for 
any and every aspect of health 
and safety at work. Several 
such resources are new within 
the last year, after the an- 
nouncement of a batch of 
forthcoming regulations 
which in their various ways 
tighten up requirements for 
occupational health services. 

The most comprehensive 
package available comes from 

• AMI Occupational Health, a 
recently-created subsidiary of 
American Medical Interna- 
tional. It provides anything 
from a base information ser- 
vice, to a one-off risk assess- 

sS ment survey, or contract 
. .■ staffing of a full-time oecupa- 
tionai health service. 

Prices duly reflect the 
customer’s needs. They start 
at £44 for an annual subscrip- 
tion to Health and Safety 
■ Focus, a monthly update on 
relevant literature and forth- 
coming legislation. A one^day 
training exercise for company 
> staff -would con between £350 
. and £450. 

Specialist personnel, includ- 
ing occupationally-trained 
doctors and nurses, occupa- 
tional hygienists and health 
and safety, consultants, can 
also be supplied on contract 
along wife the necessary back- 

• up administration. Although 
the core team is based ' at . 

- I Prioty Dene in Birmingham, 
’/it operates anywhere ra the 
t ./ country and can call on associ- 
aied AMI facilities. The one ft 
= / is most likely, to use is AMI 
Physiometncs in Oeacfle, 
which sperializesinthe newly- . 
developed AMI Lifestyle 
. . Programme. 


This provides a modular- 
based type of health screening, 
with particular emphasis cm 
the prevention of coronary 
heart disease. “A 25-year-old 
-requires a different type of 
screening from a 55-year-old 
company director," says Dr 
Bruce Davies, who helped to 
pioneer the programme. 

“Our average client is the 
male or female executive of | 
around 40, who is under a 
significant amount of stress, 

’ and usually doesn’t take much 
exercise. 

“We know that 8 per cent of ] 
males between 40 and 60 have 
CHD without apparent symp- 
toms and 85 per cent in this 
group have at least one of the 
associated stress factors. 
These factors can be changed 
or removed and we’re unique. I 
in trying to do exactly that' 
with tailor-made advice on 
diet and general lifestyle." 


A closer look at - 
occupational health 


Stress is the special concern 
of another hospital group — 
Charter MedicaL It already 
runs educational 


programmes 
n identifying 


for managers on U 
and dealing with their own 
stress and on how to identify 
employees with work-related 
problems. 

' A contract psychologist is 
also available to companies. 
Another existing service is a 
pre-employment, screening 
and selection programme for 
companies hiring people for 
particularly stressful jobs or 
for expatriate work abroad.' 

On June 24 the group opens 
a day care centre which focus- 
es on stress and anxiety man- 
agement 

Among the insurance com- 
panies, only Private Patients 
Plan has so for set up an 
occupational - health service, 
although BUPA is planning 
one by the end of the year. 
PPP offers executive screen- 
ing, an assessment of hazards 
at the workplace, and certain 
other types of screening, such 
as eye -teats for VDU. 
operators- 

New to the industrial health 
field is Occupational Health 
Services Ltd, a subsidiary of , 
the Unit Security. Group. 
Based at Newport, Gwent; u 
operates throughout England 
and Wales. It provides accred- 
ited first-aid training and . re- 
fresher courses.. 

Deanna Wilson 


from dear that such a move 
would provide good value for 
money for. the nation as a 
whole. 

But none of the parties’ 
policies, to the private sector 
after the general election is yet 
defined clearly. 

Labour, fora start, would be 
likely to remove the existing 
tax incentives for private hos- 
pitals and those privately 
insured, and end charitable 
status for some private hospi- 
tals. A Labour government 
might well insist that private 
hospitals provide all their own 
X-ray and pathology facilities 
and round-the-dock in-house 
medical cover. 

Some on the Labour left are 
keen to take over those private 
hospitals that, they believe 
could benefit the NHS. But 
with unemployment, educa- 
tion and more resources for 
the NHS. all . candidates for 

it must whether 

such a move would rank high 


in the list of priorities. 

An all-out assault on private 
health care seems unlikely, not 
least because approaching six 
million people, or more than 
one in ten of the population, 
are likely to be insured. 

Labour might, however, in- 
sist that consultants work 
either privately or in the NHS, 
but not do both as at present. 
The effects of such a move 
would be highly unpredict- 
able; and it is worth noting 
that the idea has also been 
canvassed from the right as a 
way of boasting the private 
sector, not damaging it. 

A hung Parliament would 
be unlikely to produce radical 
change. The Alliance parties' 
policies on private health care 
are even less dearly defined 
than those of the other two. 
But the Alliance would be 
unlikely to support moves 
intended to increase greatly 
the size of the private sector, 
or one aimed at forcing it to 
shrink. 





A grand entrance: Glass and flowers in the atrium at London Bridge Hospital 






WHO’S 

KEEPING 

BRITAIN’S PRIVATE 
HEALTHCARE 
IN BETTER 
SHAPE? 


□Last year, over 
350,000 more 
people saw fit to 
choose BUPA 
for their private 
health care. □ With a record 
3.2 million members and covering 
37,000 companies, we are the 
largest independent health care 
' group in Britain. □ As a not- 
for-profit association we are able 
to use all our resources for the 
. benefit of our members, 
and to develop a compre- 
hensive and up to date 
range of medical facili^ 
ties and sendees. □ This 
includes building, managing and 
supporting private hospitals. Last 
year the number of patients treat- 
ed in BUPA hospitals grew by 
a third. □ Our nursing and com- 
munity care services are expanding 
throughout the country. □ And 

we are the pioneering force 
behind preventive medicine, 
with bur growing network of 
health screening centres, fitness 
assessment and occupational 
health services. □ Much of the 
information generated from 
screening thousands of men and 
women every year provides a unique 
source of confidential data for BUPA 
Medical Research whose work covers a wide 
series of studies, including heart disease and breast 
cancer. □ What’s more, every BUPA member benefits 
from our unique relationship with other hospitals, which 
helps to contain the cost of medical treatment- □ We also 
work in dose co-operation with the National Health Service 
for the benefit of both NHS and private patients. □ Last year 
for instance, we purchased and installed a £1 million lithotripter 
for kidney patients at St Thomas’ Hospital in London. □ At 
the National Hospital in Queen Square, we 

are managing a magnetic resonance scanner, 
the latest advancement in diagnostic imaging. 

□ Our plans for the future are no less dynamic than our 
past achievements. □ Because at BUPA, we’re dedi- 
cated to making the future healthier 
not only for our mem- 
bers, but for Britain 


asa 

whole. 



BUPA 


attain feds better for it. 

.BURL Provident House, Essex* Street. London WC2R3AX. Telephone: (11-333 3212 


1 


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that 
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a HE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


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PRIVATE HEALTH/2 



The welcome to a private hospital that begins with a 



y: . • •• -r. 





&•«**!* fig 





mm 


M 


■i 






Going priva te: A welcome to Cromwell Hospital from Victor Isles, and then to reception, progressing to a room (with telephone, TV, radio) ami on to an ultra sound scan with Dr Kamal Miqa, director of tteaeirlVg M 

hncniMlc iSSSErS A quicker iSSSSis! 


Squeezing the charitable hospitals 


The past decade has seen an have the marketing skills and 
extraordinary burgeoning of incentive structures necessary 


activity in private hospital 
provision. Since 1979 devel- 
opment has been rapid with 
the number of acute indepen- 
dent hospitals rising from 149 
to 304 and seven more are due 
to open this year. The number 
of beds has increased by half 
as much again, 7,000 of them 
coming into use during the 
past two years. 

The Association of Inde- 
pendent Hospitals, which rep- 
resents all kinds of private 
providers from large multina- 
tional groups with UK inter- 
ests to family-run nursing 
homes, says the trend towards 
commercial profit-making or- 
ganizations in both acute and 
long-stay care can be expected 
to continue. Charitably found- 
ed institutions, the Associa- 
tions says, will feel an ever- 
greater squeeze. 

The trend was well exempli- 
fied last year. Seven out of 1 1 
private acute-care hospitals 
which changed hands were 
bought by American hospital 
interests. The six US compa- 
nies operating in Britain now 
control nearly a quarter of 
acute bed provision. 

In 1986, the trend contin- 
ues. There will be 665 more 
beds by Christmas. But there 
have been, and will continue 
to be, closures. The charitable 
hospitals cannot keep finan- 
cial pace with new medical 
technology, the capital costs of 
modernization and the econo- 
mies of scale. Nor do they 


to compete. 

The accompanying table 
tells the story as it stood at the 
end of 1985, and speaks for 
itself of the transformation the 
private sector has undergone. 


Park, London. Faced by 
mounting financial problems, 
the board offered the hospital 
for sale to AMI, and a number 
of other companies were eager 
to buy at around £20 million. 


group to commit itself to the 
British market in 1970, when 
it bought the Harley Street 
Clinic. Since then. It has 
invested more than £150 mil- 
lion in British hospitals, of 


hospitals 

considered. 


being 


But ihe Freemasons ballotted which it now has 13, with a 
against a sale, an act which led total of 1,300 beds. 

^ 1 D.V» A ill 1>AA nl^A fhn 


Enter the age of 
the hospital chain 


In 1979, charitable hospitals 
contained almost three quar- 
ters of private beds; today, 
although they have more beds 
in absolute terms, their per- 
centage share has fallen by 
half. 

A notable example of the 
fate that can overtake even the 
biggest and the best of the 
charitable hospitals is illus- 
trated by the 263-bed Royal 
Masonic, at Ravenscourt 


to powerful repercussions 
within the movement, which 
have yet to settle down in the 
aftermath 

A decision on the 
hospital's future has been 
repeatedly delayed and is still 
awaited. Unless it comes soon 
and someone takes it over “it 
wiD slowly but surely die”, 
says one seasoned observer. 

Jhis is the era of hospital 
“chains" - the health care 
corporation. Of the top six, in 
terms of bed numbers, three 
are American, including the 
market leader, AMI. 

AMI was the first American 


But AMI has also set the 
pace with many other private 
facilities, often to the bewil- 
derment of its British rivals 


The Hospital Corporation 
of America is the largest group 
of its kind in the US out is still 
comparatively small in Brit- 
ain, with seven hospitals and 
320 beds. Its 94-bed Chalybe- 


Fbr tbe past 27 years there has 
hardly been a day, or a night, 
when Mrs Carol Roberts, now 
68, has been free from the 
torments of arthritis. The only 
relief for the most painful 
ana, .the knees, would be an 
artificial joint. 

That is the treatment Mrs 
Roberts’ NHS consultant pre- 
scribed — 14 months ago. By 
contrast, Mrs Rosy Simmons, 
was found lour weeks ago to 


cure for 
the woman 
who paid 


ate Hospital at Southampton need a hysterectomy. There 
aroused much antagonism be- ** rx ® t 5? n l* ‘ke .. £“2 


cause it was sited next to the 


uci IUCIU ui to umuou iivata i y 

who have been left standing, 


and, in some cases grumbling. 

The group now has units for 
psychiatry, alcohol abuse, pri- 
mary care, occupational 
health, rehabilitation, in vitro 
fertilisation, sports injuries, 
day surgery screening and 
physiometrics for the 
indemification and preven- 
tion of heart and coronary 
artery disease. Not .all its 
ventures have succeeded but 
the track record is a notable 
one. Up to ten more new 


INDEPENDENT HOSPITAL SURVEY 


AIH survey of acute hospitals hi independent sector 
1979 1985 


Category 

Charitable 

RaJIgrous 


Hosplte 


Charitable 
Charitable gps 
Total 


For profit 
American gps 

British gps 

Independent 

Total 


% 


1985 



Hosptfs 

% 

Bad* 

% 

29.0 

27 

13 JS 

1589 

16.0 

25.0 

28 

14 b 

1951 

19.5 

16.0 

38 

19.0 

1555 

15.5 

72b 

93 

46.5 

5095 

51.0 

6.0 

96 

13ti 

. 2000 

20J) 

2 JS 

31 

153 

1383 

146 

20.0 

49 

25.0 

1503 

15b 

2&0 

106 

53.5 

4B66 

49.0 

100.0 

199 

100.0 

9961 

100b 


tal. This embodied the unac- 
ceptable face of competition 
and HCA now prefer a low 
profile in Britain. 

The third leading American 
group, Humana, took over the 
Wellington Hospital, adjoin- 
ing Lords, in 1976. With 225 
beds, seven operating theatres 
and man y advanced as weO as 
lavish facilities, including 
“five-star cuisine", it has an 
international clientele includ- 
ing Arabian royalty. 

Of the British groups, 
Nuffield Hospitals, formerly 
the BUPA-founded Nuffield 
Nursing Homes Trust is the 
largest and longesi-estab- 


endured by Mrs Roberts, and 
no urgency. Within a week 
Mrs Simmons had the opera- 
tion and is now well on the 
way back to foil health.; 

People “go private" mainly 
because they do not have to 
wait. They can also, if they 
wish, have the surgeon of their 
choice. While few patients 


may be unable to distinguish 
between one surgeon and an- 
other on professional grounds, 
the fact that they can choose 
one in whom they have most 
confidence is an aid to 
recovery. 

There are other advantages, 
such as comfortable (not nec- 
essarily luxurious) accommo- 
dation, a private telephone, 
and more flexible visiting 
arrangements. For much the 


same reason, more companies 
are paying in wbofeorpartfor 
their employees' health coves; 
and several trade unions, de- 
spite ideological disapproval, 
have- negotiated semes for 
their members. 

A sick employee fc a cost 
therefore it is cost-effective to 
have him covered by- health 
insurance.- treated wigbota de- 
lay and back to work as soon 
as possible. - 

Most 1 health insurance 
schemes now cover ibetr cli- 
ents for all the qostsrof an 
operation, either without finrit 
or up to maxima of £40,000 a 
year or more. Excluding the 
most expensive London hos- 
pitals, where accommodation 
alone can cost £350 a’ day or 
more, this covers aft accom- 


The im 

pjnpoifl 


{•i miriH U H il — » inf p y 


Llewelyn-Davies Weeks 

Architects, Planners and Health Services Consultants 


fished. It has great strengths — 
it is noted, for instance. For the 


Sourca: Associaton at Independent Hospitals 


CLINICARE 


OFFERS UNRIVALLED PRIVATE HEALTH CARE 
FOR ONLY £1.68 EACH WEEK 


it is noted, for instance, for the 
high quality of its nursing 
care. It strongly rebutts the 
criticism that the private sec- 
tor "poaches” NHS nurses 
trained at public expense, and 
has its own purpose-built edu- 
cation centre. But it also has 
weaknesses, which Oliver i 
Rowell general manager, can- , 
didly acknowledges. In recent 
years, he has led a major 
upgrading programme but ad- 
mits that it began too late to 
pre-empt the. American 
challenge. 

The next largest British 
group, BUPA itself; has only 
10 hospitals compared to 
Nuflields 33 but it has a very 
wide range of associated activ- 
ities. Most noteable is a pilot 
project at Milton Keynes for 


A total consultancy service for hospital projects. 
Feasibility Studies • Functional Briefs 
Architecture • Interior Design 
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A GUI 


Brook Howe IbrringtH] PfaccLoixkNlWOE 7HN 
telephoned £37078) Tttex 25358 LDWFWB 


London Bridge 
Haaptari • 1 


IF ALL PRIVATE HOSPITALS 
WERE THE SAME... 


if : 


American groups are 
now here to stay 






Now private medicine has come within 
the easy reach of alTwith local cower, 
nationwide service and protection 
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clients. M.i A is an independent 
organisation whose residual pronts are 
donated annually to a varied,' of medical 
and related charities - over £650.000 in 
the last 3 years alone has been donated 
to such charities. Tne participation of 
Medical Insurance Agency in the 
CLINICARE scheme ensures the best 
possible cover and cost. 


the frail elderly, a field' which 
will become increasingly im- 
portant in the coming years.' 
Community Hospitals has 
made useful strides in the past 
four years, with seven new 
hospitals in the relatively 
under-bedded provinces. 

The American groups are 
here to stay. They have im- 
mense financial strength and 
managerial resources. De- 
mand has not yet reached its 
peak and there arc at present 
no effective controls on 
development 

The dollar may not be as 
strong as a year ago so tbe UK 
is no longer the dirt cheap 
investment it was, but it ' 


•They would offer individual patient care hr a warm attentive 
atmosphere. - 

•They would provide the most modem diagnostic and treatment 
facilities, operated by skilled and caring professionals. 

•They would provide 24 hour medical coven 

•They would offer a comprehensive range of services. 

•They would be planned and managed to contain and reduce the 
cost of private health care. 




WE WISH ALL PRIVATE HOSPITALS WERE LIKE OURS 
-BUT THEN All PRWATE HOSPITALS WOULD BE THE SAME 


R>r further information please contact the Chief Executive, Dr G. B. Scholes, 


London, WlM 7DA. lei: 01-629 1501. Tlx: 21283 STMAKT G. 


. The Devonshire Hospital 
The London Stone Clinic and Lithotripter Centre 
The Lister Hospital 
The London Bridge Hospital 


No-claims discount 
entitlement 

Here’s another genuine money-saving 
feature. After all ifjou enjoy good health, 
why should you subsidise those who make 
frequent claims on their medical Insurance. 
With CLlNICAREyou could be enjoying 
further savings - and that's over and above 
even our low terms. Full details In your 
enrolment information pack. 

Send for full details today 

We've prepared a special Enrolment 
Information pack. Send for it today. Vfau’re. 
ureter no obligation. 

Study the benefits of CLINICARE in 
your own home. Or. indeed. In your 
Company office - superbly attractive plans are available to 
companies large and smalL 


not as bullish and dramatic, 
are slowly re-grouping and 
also seem to have an assured 
future. 


David Loshak 



StM 







outstandi! 
so little... 


never cost 





r.t L-; 





iTitraiESliifc 



Post coupon or telephone 
(01 ) 404 4470 for immediate information. 




ENROLMENT INFORMATION REQUEST 

To: CLINICARE. MEDICAL INSURANCE AGENCY LTD, 
FREEPOST, London WC1X 8BR. (No stamp require)) 


SINGLE PERSON 


SHYER CARD RATES 

Contribution 


lam interested mthamany benefitsordlNlCARE prhssteheaWi row. 
Please send rrffiftsfldetaiisof> 


hidivtduai/ftiT^towQGrDi^j Discount sdien&O 



ItoentfiTtttiicostrooeoesupoteUagseeoresponsej 


CLINICARE 

From Medical Insurance Agency LtocL 

PRIVATE MEDICAL INSURANCE 
Get better. For less. 


Name of Company- 


Position In Comparty. 


| resra 
I No. Of 


Nadfemplc 



Give 
your company 
the benefit of 
experience 



• Exceptional range ofbenefits. 

• Quality plans tailored to suit 
every need, every budget. 

• Medical bills settled direct. 

• Complex operations covered in 
full at any UKhospitaL 

• Easy, sample administration. 

• Major; not-for-profitmedical 
insurance organisation. 

• Experienced British compary 
that understands corporate 
medical insurance. 



p RlV 











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PRIVATE HEALTH/3 



Good beaiAzMobSnaeFni Jbaffi from Sheffield, the 1,000th patient of the BUPA/SL 
Thomas Limotripter, celebrating the day after his treatment with registrar Ed Palfrey, g * »f f 
nurse Kate Masheder (left) and senior staff nurse Paata Moffat 

The image machines that 
pinpoint the trouble spots 


The keen, impassioned beauty 
of a great machine, wrote 
Rupert Brooke, but then he 
had never seen an MRI or a 
Uthotripter or CUSA. : 

All three of these 'are im- 
mensely expensive pieces of 
equipment which speed the 
process of diagnosis and treat- 
ment. In human terms this 
must be cost effective, though 
the cost of purchase and 
maintenance is another mat- 
ter in the equivalent of the 
medical arms race. 

In the basement of the 
Churchill Clinic, newly redec- 
orated in fashionable shades 
of pink and grey, is the MRI or 
Magnetic Resonance Imaging 
unit The machine will display 
a three-quarter dimensional 
cross section of the part of the 
body viewed - tire patient ties 
completely still and images of 


soft tissues appear, a major 
advance in detecting tumours, 
abcesses, head and neck 
injuries. 

Pictures of the nerve roots 
of the spine are so dear that 
there is no need for the 
injection of fluid into the 
spine (which remains for life). 
A particularly nasty injection 
into the neck in order to look 
at the brain more clearly can 
also be dispensed with. 

Thirty-two tons of iron 
surround the machine, in 
plate thicker than a ’ 
battleship’s, and it is cooled by 
htiium, which is recycled 
(helium being expensive and 
coining from difficult places 
such as Poland, Souih Africa 
and the US). While the opera- 
tors and doctors sit at their 
controls and calculators at the 
end of 10 miles of cable, the 


patient quite often fells asleep, 
lulled by the regular Weeping 
of the machine. 

The greatest danger to the 
patient is the possibility of 
having his credit card wiped 
by the magnetic force. 

We have two Litbotripter 
machines in Britain — one is 
in the London lithotripfter 
Centre in Welbeck street, pan 
of the Devonshire hospital, 
and the other is in St. 
Thomas's; supplied by BUPA 
for the benefit of NHS and 
private patients, the only hic- 
cup in treatment appearing 
when the hospital runs out of 
beds. 

Ninety per cent of patients 
with kidney stones could be 
treated by this method which 
is, as they say, nan-invasive — 
no surgery — using low fre- 
quency sound waves delivered 




Ready for treatment: A patient in a Uthotripter at the Lon- 
don Uthotripter Centre at tire Devonshire Hospital 


through water to disintegrate 
the stones. After this is done it 
takes about four days — as 
opposed to a nasty operation, 
SO days in hospital, and six 
weeks off work. St Thomas's 
has just treated its thousandth 
patient, seen above celebrat- 
ing with a glass of champagne. 

Spain has four machines, 
Italy has eight. Greece has 
one, and West Germany has 
an amazing 22 — enough, as 
Dr. Scholes, head of the St. 
Martin's group which runs the 
centre, says, to desione the 
whole of Europe. 

As a patient you won't lay 
eyes on the Cromwell 
Hospital’s CUSA — the 


A quicker cure 


Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical 
System — because you will be 
under an anaesthetic and be- 
ing operated on for something 
needing an exceedingly deli- 
cate touch, like a brain tu- 
mour. The ultrasonically 
vibrating tip of the machine, 
held in the surgeon's band like 
a large pen, fragments and 
aspirates unwanted tissue. 

In a smart blue travelling 
case like a Vuinon trunk it 
travels out to the NHS in 
addition to the work, at the 
Cromwell, and if it reminds 
you of the dentist removing 
plaque from your teeth, that's 
the origin of the technology. 

Philippa Toomey 


London's Cromwell Hospital 


Cromwell Hospital is one of London's foremost private hospitals. 
Fully equipped for all major surgical and medical procedures, the 
Hospital indudes a walk-in Out-patient Department open 24- 
hours a day, seven days a week. 

A comprehensive Health Screening Programme is available in addition to 
Fixed Price Surgical Package arrangements for Day Surgery, Open Heart 
Surgery, Dental, Eac Nose and Throat Surgery and Plastic Surgery procedures. 
The Hospital welcomes the use of its facilities by commerce, industry and 
subscribers to major health care schemes.There is no 'top-up' 
requirement for subscribers paying the London Scale premium. 

For further information contact:- 
The Chief Executive Officer 

London's Cromwell Hospital. 

British healthcare at its best. H*U 

Cromwell Hospital 'MP 

Cromwell Rd London sws otu Tel: 01-370 4233 Telex: 893589 crohos g 


Continued from previous' page' 
modation, theatre charges, 
drugs and dressings, X-ray, 
pathology and other proce- 
dures. as well as fees for the 
surgeons, anaesthetist and 
physician. 

This is fine as far as it goes— 
and there are more than five 
million satisfied customers. 

- “We are not a .social' 
service," declared Roy 
Forman, PPPs managing di- 


MutuaJ of Omaha, which 
launched its Health First in- 
surance scheme this year, 
reiterates the message. “Pri- 
vate medical care can be 
looked upon as the safety net 
to come into, play when the 
NHS is unable to cope.” 

People have opted for pri- 
vate care in such numbers 
precisely for these reasons. 
But to opponents of private 
health, like Labour’s Frank! 


lector, easier this year, as he -Dobson, the private sector 
announced that the treatment ranks as “a parasite", feeding I 


of infertility, conditions aris- 
ing from chronic alcoholism, 
and even long-term kidney 

Hospital sector 
depends on insurers 

conditions would no longer be 
covered. Nor do the insurers 
yet cover primary care, alter- 
native treatments such as 
osteopathy, nor chiropody, 
dentistry or childbirth unless 
there are complications, and 
any long-lasting condition. 

Many schemes have fairly 
strict limits, too, on the 
amounts that can be claimed 
for most kinds of out-patient 
treatment. 

“We aim to give to people 
the means of financing the 
cost of treatment in a private 
hospital", Mr Forman says. 


off the NHS and helping to 
weakenit 

There is, of course; more to 
private medicine than the 204 
acute care private hospitals. 
But it is the hospital sector 
which predominates. 

Most of this market is in the 
hands of the provident associ- 
ations, chiefly BUPA^ TPP 
and the Western Provident 
Association, with about 4_5 
million covered between them 
and six other smaller organi- 
zations. But commercial in- 
surers now have more than a 
toehold, with 12 per cent of 
the market, and their competi- 
tion has helped to spur the 
provi dents into making then- 
schemes more economical as 
well as more anuned to 
patients’ needs. • 



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CORP: 

1986. 

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JEN IX 
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CONSULT IT AND IMMEDIATELY 
YOU’LL START FEELING BETTER. 


?p into 


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lication 
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£499 ex 
orage. 
;er 11 
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(worth 


People tell us that one of the 
biggest advantages of a WPA 
health insurance plan is that it's 
easy to understand. 

It consists of a simple list of 
benefits (they're corisiderable)plus 
a simple list of rates (we believe 
rather less than for most of our 
competitors' schemes). 

And that's it 

Bandings, charts and all the rest 
of the jargon that complicate most 
insurance are notable through 
^their absence. 


But knowing exactly what 
you're getting and what you're 
paying is only one of the advant- 
ages of choosing WPA. 

We've been established for over 
forty years and in that time we've 
learned a lot about providing a 
scheme for our members. 

We feel that many of them are 
friends. Certainly all of them are 
individuals. 

And our ma nagement and struc- 
ture are uniquely flexible. 

It means we can react quickly 


and positively to changing circum- 
stances and new developments in 
private health insurance. 

Please write or telephone if you 
would like all the facts. We have 
branches all over the country. 

Culverhouse, Culver Street, 
Bristol BS1 5JE. Tel: (0272) 273241. 


...£99,95 


...£99.00 

ns for 
...£49.95 



tain and nuy 










FOCUS 


1 


The threat to health care 
as prices get ever higher 


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“What price private health 
care?" asked Roy Forman, 
chief executive of Private 
Patients' Plan, the second 
largest health insurer, in a 
recent speech at die Industrial 
Society's conference. Provid- 
ers of private medicine, he 
warned, were in danger of 
pricing themselves out of the 
market 

Until recently “an atmo- 
sphere of gentility and sweet- 
ness prevailed between 
insurers and hospital 
providers". Mr Forman said. 
That is certainly no longer the 
case. 

“It seems to me quite 
possible,” he continued, “that 
insurers will soon reach the 
point of challenging some 
commercial operators by re- 
fusing to give cover for treat- 
ment in particular hospitals. 

He blamed some hospitals 
and doctors for a rise in fees 


since 1982 “at a rate for 
bevond that of general 
inflation”. PPP was no longer 
picking up the tabs regardless. 
It now checked their .chums 
data extensively to pinpoint 
specialists who overcharged 
and hospitals whose patients 
“somehow, persistently, have 
a longer period of stay for^a 
given procedure than others . 

Bob Graham, chief execu- 
tive of the British United 
Provident Association, which , 
despite much slower percent- 
age growth than PPP, is soil 
easily the . market leader with 
70 per cent of the total private 
health care market, has also 
attacked the profit-making 
hospital groups. 

Tliere are now nearly 1 1,000 
beds in private acute hospitals 
in Britain. Half of these are 
owned by commercial con- 
cerns and half of those, Mr 
Graham points out, belong to 


foreign companies “which 
have to repatriate sufficient 
returns to satisfy their share- 
holder in their countries of 
origin". 

“For the first time,” he says, 


uals will only espouse private 
medicine so tongas it remains 
reasonably affordable.” 

That must be the industry's 
top priority, said Mr Graham, 
which meant that BUPA mid 




For me hrst time, ne says, wnum meant urn uur/v auu 
“the traditional, not-for-profit other insurers had no option 
hospital groups and provident but to stick to the insurance of 
associations are facing a acute treatment only. In other 
fiercely competitive rhaiieng p words, he ruled out long-term 
from . or ganizatio ns which care and other services as 


“Generally speaknigiUs foe 
private sector jhat refiesm* 
t£ NHS 

way around," says a research 
emdv on commercial . ow - 
ane'in London 
tbeGLC and launched by the 
Labour health spokesman. 
Prank Dobson. 


tion and tbe»» 

tjKneedtocontamJhe^w^-. 

in Troth f^JSSSSS' 

to stimulate it- 

NHS ‘ ™ 

flKii»lves cggimsgmgt 


l ■ : 


from . organizations which 
have entered the market not 
just to make money out of it, 
but to take that money out of 
the country. 

Competition is now 
becoming fierce 

“This injection of commer- 
cialism goes against the grain 
of tradition in this country 
where the care of the sick has 
always transcended commer- 
cial interest. 

“Companies and individ- 


^ T.r- 


insurable risks. 

American Medical Interna- 
tional, which has set the pace 
in recent years, is the most 



1 


mm, 





Burleson, its chief executive, 
frankly regards such talks as 
fuddy-duddy, ^imaginative, 
and unenterprising. 

“Providers like AMI are 
concerned about costs, of 
course, but we look at costs as 
an item that needs to be 
managed. If you just cut costs, 
quality of provision win 
suffer,” he said. • 

“If you simply regard the 
private sector as cost-drrven, 
then you only undertake to 
provide those services wh ich 
are cheap and you refuse, , for 
instance, to go into long-term 
care. 

“The provident associa- 
tions — which, incidentally, 
Aten make profits but they 
simply call them surpluses 
would like to keep the private 
sector to the minor and inter- 
mediate acute work, leaving 
the rest for the National 
Health Service, because that is 



£1 millio n Lithotripter, for 
dissolving g**eyst^^atSt 
Thomart Hosted- Tteg 

scores of similar ^ 

the two sectors working m 

• partnership- 

bosses 

paternalism from the private 
sector. But .donations <tf «r 


“JT the private sector fc to 

jnatureitmnstbeseeafowwk’ 

more and moie dost tg wtn 
theNHS,”aysOBverto^ 
genera! manager of 
Swphals.-- He tea socgpttted 

narlcaPC deals WltfajPCWral 
authorities to pronfc ser- 
vices. so that 5tt 

fot for ear. aosejndtiteg 

operations was ahaos tjotagy 
efiminaied, and m Nqrfogap- 
NitfSrid deals with a 






* -if#; 


also make profits but they ThrooRh ^ circle: A patient going ***JIf^ 

simply call them surpluses — chjmadzu CTC scanner at the London Bridge Hospital 
would like to keep the private M ■ 

sector to the minor and inter- a paradox that while 90 per AMI has been having proo- 
mediate acute work, leaving 0 f all health care is at the Jems with the Harrow centre, 

the rest for the National primary level, the provident The people who have been 
Health Service, because that is organizations do not touch it. signing up at fees pfxl w a 
the cheapest route for them- BUPA tried some years ago, year for adults, £84 for chu- 
“What’s happening is that but ^he venture fbundered.. tf It dren and £350 for a family ot 


the cheapest route for them. BUPA tried some years ago, year for adults, £84 tor enu- 
“ What's happening is that but ^he venture fbundered-'Tt dren and £350 for a family ot 
consultants as well as consum- ^ very difficult to pin down four (including ' medication 
ers are demanding that private genuine illness,” says Mr Gra- but not home visits) have 
fiiriiirias should be no less ham, echoing the (dnnt of t ended to be those more in 
advanced than the high-tech many a bemused GP. need of care than average, 

equipment in the NIB. Sow He pointed out that the private health is no longer -- 

are baying and providing CAT Harrow health care centre, the Jt „„ rea n v was — confined 

scam^Uthoti^au^- foa private prim^ healfo 

ac catheter laboratories andso centre in Britain, had yet to 
pandit is driving BUPA Sri* its viability Fbupded 
and PPP mad. _ fc by Dr Michael Goktamth, a 

One of the biggest costs GP , the centre ofiers more toteail ovCTtnero 

hospitals face is upctewisej of services than the typical NHS tftSlSS 

their facilities, and all private fimSy doctor practice. S^S'SSSl' v -amaior but 

hospitals, whose forte is It now belongs.to AMI and ^^^Tnveri^^oS 
“cold” (non-urgent) surgery, ^ been widely seen as a ^Srf^riSmScSi- 

suffer from this at weekends possible forerunner for health in 

and such times as Easter and ^tenance oiganizations on 

Christmas. fines similar to those well the provinces. 

In Mr Burleson’s view, an established in the United Cost notwithstanding the 

answer to this, and the way to states. Under these, the HMO growth of private medicine 

further growth of the private jj— g a contract with employ- seems certain to continue, if 
sector, is for general praefitio- trade unions to pro- not at the peD-mefl rate of 

ners to become more involved vide health care for employees recent years. 


K»nnen u) uc iuu»- «**»•* 

need of care than average. 

Private health is no longer -- 
if it ever really was — confined 
to the highly affluent, mostly 
in London and the South-East. 
There are now private hospi- 
tals all over the country and 
most of the new develop- 
ments, both m long-term care 
of the elderly — a major but 
sometimes overlooked com- 


SSTTSEh for the 
health service, for they can 
distort local medical p lannin g. 
Less - glamoro us areas of the 
NHS do not attract 
donations.” 

The fed remains drat- the 

NHS is notoriously sh^of 
capital resources- . And where 

such joint developments as. 
the . BUPA-St Thomas’s 
Iithotripter have taken pl ace, 
there has been “a long-term 
commitment”, reports the Of- 
fice ofHealth Economics m an 
analysis of surveys by .the 
Royal Institute ofmmc Ad- 
ministration, and the Nuffield 
Centre .for Health Service 
Studies at foe University of 
Leeds, on the interchange 
between the NHS and the 
independent sector. 

Between, them, these 
surveys received ddafledjn- 
fbnnation from 170ofthe 202 
district and special health 
authorities in England and* 
Wales as well as 158 mdepen- 
dent sector institutions and 
agaides. They found thatAO 
per cent of the authorities hal 
arrangements to sharochnical 
facilities, such as pafootogy 
l ab oratories (which most 
vale rfiwies lade)- The NHS 
did mostoffoe providing. 

Bat, until chronic care, it 
was the other way sfooitt, with 
a of foe health authori- 
ties contracting out long-td™ 
care of the mentally ill, men- 
tally handicapped and dis- 
abled people to the private 
sector. 

The Government would 


the competitive enasge « 
£1^500 a patrenL .... 

Buttbc NuffiddGeaoeJtt 
Leeds found that c vea NHS 
adminhttra tois who 
collaboration could do age 
about it because many faeana 

authorities feartbat co^era- 
tion wffl intensify the t wo-tie r 
natur e of British heahh cage. 

Mr RoweB regrets foat by; 


beds (a po&cy which some 
S^^o&reraintbefidd; 
expect to -be reversed) the 

The need fete 

. nore feOabontioB 

Government has fiieified the 

fires of wasteful co mpetition 

and du ptic a tio c of jcsoun®. 
tatter than co-operation. 

But foe eponomic tinpera* 
lives remai n. Inaearng g- 
operatimi in fntme is nkeiy tor 
that reason alone. Even Mi- 
chael Meacber, Lafacnfs ro- 
od services spokesman, .has 
said that he sees a role for 
private medicine and would 
~ not fevoui its abo l i t ion. ' 

The lade of an ovcebD ppticy ’ 

on the rde of tire private 
sector generally could lead to 
-RnWf Kfein 
has caOed "foe dangers of 
driftingby inadvrrte nc e hao a 
ri tiwiion where the essential 
nature afBritahfs health care 
system has been txansfbrined 
as a result of public non- 
policy*’. * 

BL 













3 






THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 1 3 1986 


Motoring by Peter Waymark 


33 


Sierra gets the boot from Ford 


Unless normally well in- 
formed car industrywalchers, 
not to mention lfc sneak 
picture brigade, have got it 
hopelessly wrong, the star 
exhibit on the Ford stand at 
the Paris Motor Show in 
October will be a booted 
version of the Sierra. 

For Ford, the new model, 
will be .an attempt to boost 
what so far have been disap- 
pointing Sierra sales. For the 


motoring public the arrival of 
the booted Sic 


’< i:. 




ireita will reopen 
the long running debate about 
the rival merits of saloon and 
hatchback cars. 

Go back 1 5 years or so and a 
car with a tailgate was a rare 
item. There were the Maxi and 
the Renault 16 and oneor two 
others but in the 'main the 
family car was still the con- 
ventional three-box shape, 
with one box for the engine, 
another for the passengers and 
a third for the boot 

And then, suddenly, the 
hatchback became the new 
orthodoxy. By the mid 1970s 
hardly a new car was launched 
in the popular areas of 'the 
market that did not have a 
third or a fifth door. Even 
executive cars like the Rover . 
followed the hatchback trend. 

The argument seemed over- 
whelming The hatchback was 
simply more versatile, offer- 
ing most of the advantages of 
an estate car without looking 
like one. There was not only - 
more 1 urease space to start 
with, but, by folding down the 
rear seat, the chance to in- 
crease that space still further. 

But just when the hatchback 
seemed to have conquered, 
the market research continued - 
to reveal a strong following for 
the saloon. Many motorists 
pr e fe rred the saloon's shape 
andtiked the idea of a separate 
boot, in which luggage was 
thought to be more secure. 

The car makers’s response 
was to bring out booted 
versions of their hatchbacks, 
thus catering for both de- 
mands. Ford has already been 
along the Sierra path with the 
Escort, supplementing the- 
original hatchback with foe 
Onpn, Vauxball has added the 
booted. Belmont to foe 
ted Astra and so on. 
ideal, of course, is to 
offer both versions from .the 
start as Vauxball did with the 
Cavalier. Since it has always 

E motorists foe choice of 
back and saloon, foe 
Cavalier is an interesting ba- 
rometer of public taste. 

In 1982, foe first ftdl year of 
the current range; foe safes 



OS 


sumption on foe open road. 

At £7,434 .the car. is 
cheap, or cheaper, than most 
of its rivals and that rare thing! 
in an increasingly conformist’ 
age, a vehicle with flair. 


Pedal Power 


Citroen BX Estate: A vehicle wi&fljur 
Since then saloon sales have seat foldea down, foe BX is 


fallen to around one thud of 
the total, - with hatchbacks 
taking-60 per cent and estate 
cars the rest 

According to VauxhaU re- 
search, hatchback devotees 
fed that foe vehicles have a 
sportier image and appreciate 
.their greater capacity for car- 
rying awkward loads. But 
saloons, which tend to appeal 
to older, more conservative 
buyers, have a loyal following. 
Three-quarters of those ques- 
tioned said they would buy 
another. 

In those cases where foe 
saloon followed some years 
after foe hatchback, foe hatch 
has easily maintained its posi- 
tion. The Ford Escort, for 
instance, outsells the booted 
Orion by three to one and 
VauxhaU sells four Astras for 
every Belmont. Bui' foe saloon 
derivative is stiU worth, offer- 
ing as can be seen by the 
success of the Orion in taking 
its place among the top ten 
bestselling models. 


among the biggest load carri- 
ers m its class. This is not 
achieved at the expense of foe 
passengers and there is an 
impressive amount of leg and 
headroom both in the front 
and back. 

There are buitt-in roof rails 
to take any large hems not 
accommodated inside, partic- 
ularly useful as the slope of the 
tailgate does restrict foe ability 
to carry high loads. Two other 
small grumbles are that foe 
BX does not, like many estates 
nowadays, offer the versatility 
of a spht rear seat and the 
tailgate, though liftable with 
one hand, is heavy. 

One of foe glories of the car' 
is foe suspension, Citroen’s 
well-tried hydropneumatic 


For 25 years the engine 
tuning specialist Bill 
Blydenstein has been produc- 
ing cars to win rallies as well as 
offering the ordinary motorist 
foe chance to pack more 
power under foe bonnet Only 
recently, though, has he given 
serious attention to automatic 
transmission. 

Two-pedal cars and 
performance have not been 
traditional allies, partly be- 
cause automatics usually 
mean a loss of power but also 
because the purist likes to do 
his own gear changing, 
needs something like 
Blydenstein conversion 


It 


to 


Road Test 

Citroen BX Estate 


Competing with home-pro- 
duced vehicles hke foe Foid 
Sierra, VauxhaU Cavalier and 
Austin Montego but, being a 
Citroen, having a character aU 
its own, foe BX Estate happily 
complements foe excefieat sa- 
loon version and offers a 
competitive -combination of 
space, comfort and value for 
money. - . 

; It is a vehicle ideally suited 
to foe ’ needs of the modern 
family, giving more than ade- 
quate passenger and luggage 
space for four to five people, 
while not being top large to 
manoevre and park. It is a 


Vital Statistics 

Model: Citoen BX Estate 
Price: £7,434 

Engines l,580cc, four 
cylinder 

Performance: 0-60mph 1 1.7 
secs; top speed 106 mph 

Official foci: Urban 
3!.7mpg; 56mph 48.7mpg; 
?5mpn 37.7mpg 
Length: 14ft 5 14 in 
Insurance: Group 4 


pleasure to drive; with nippy 
ana 


splft between <£e two types of 
car was almost exactly 5G3£ 


performance and good han- 
dling and, like any Citroen, 
has an unusual facility for 
soaking up bumps oh foe iqad. 

Luggage space is generous 
enough wifo foe jrar ^Kat jq. _gaJ2o'n, with the. Jifth 
position, while with foe rear available to improve 


system based on gas springs. 
Apart from giving superb ride 
quality, dealing with bumpy 
and rotted surfaces as if they 
barely existed, it is self-level- 
ling, which means that the 
height (and handling) of the 
car is unaffected by loads. 
Moreover, foe springs become 
automatically suffer as the 
load increases. 

TheBX Estate comes with a 
choice of two petrol engines 
(1.6 and 1.9 litre) and a dteseL 
1 feared that foe 1.6 would 
make foe car a under- 
powered but not at alL 

The diesel is the most 
economical of the three ver- 
sions but the 1.6 should give 
between 30 and 35 miles to the 


overcome such objections. 

I have been trying his latest 
offering, as applied to the 1.8 
GLi version of the Vauxball 
Cavalier. The conversion 
comprises two elements, cyl- 
inder bead and high torque 
camshaft, while my test car 
also benefited from the fitting 
of a "shift 101 ”, or modifica- 
tion to the automatic gearbox, 
designed - to give crisper 
changes and prolong the life of 
foe box between overhauls. 

The combined result of the 
cylinder head and camshaft is 
to increase the engine’s brake 
horse-power from 115 to 131, 
a substantial improvement 
that is clearly reflected in the 
performance figures. Accelera- 
tion from 0 to 60m ph comes 
down from 11 seconds to 9.5 
and top speed is up from 110 
to 120 mph. 

But what matters more than 
cold figures is the fed of foe 
car from behind the wheel 
The Blyndenstein Cavalier 
automatic is a delight to drive, 
not only for its acceleration 
through the gears but its mid- 
range flexibility - very impor- 
tant for safe overtaking - and 
aU achieved with a commend- 
able smoothness and modi- 
cum of noise. 

The cost of the conversion 
is £260 for foe cylinder bead 
and £130 for die camshaft. 
The prices include fitting, 
which takes a day, but not 


VAT. The shift kit, which is 


fitted not by Blydenstein but 
life 


con- 


the Watford firm of 
Audenham Automatics, costs 
£98, VAT again excluded. 

That makes a total of £561 
on top of foe £8,545 that the 
car originally costs, and as 

r lonar extras _go it is one of 
more worthwhile. 


CAR BUYERS’ GUIDE 


ON RANGE ROVERS 



1985 Nnery Diesel, hard 
top. blue £6,995 

1985 Ninety Petrol, hard 
lop. vvhne £5,995 




5983 4 door, martyri. __ 
green — £9,995 

1982 4 door, manual. 

Shetland beige . £8,995 


WisttR range of new Land BatasjnaBtoiqeBctoiwfawwsra u pc k e ta 

WINSTON 5MFTH NOW on 0706-54424 






Manchester Read, TELEPHONE 

Castleton.Rochdale iQ7Q6)54424 


BARGAIN “TIMES” AGAIN! 
NEW UNREGISTERED FORD CARS 


BC0RT XB3L Mays. S/Roet. TWs. Ktrtm. 
ESCORT L flSBBL S Dr. Ctnn el eaten— 

ESCORT SI UES&. L0S Bte 

ESCORT UN SMA. Cam el cotous. 

OfBOK ION L He* befit. Shtr. 


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6MNMM 2J 8L {84 Meed) Homer M_ 


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All Taxed And Away - No 


-cttro 


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PHONE 0905 352123 TODAY 


Bristol Street Motors 


WE HAVE A TOTAL OF 100 
LHD RANGE ROVER VEHICLES 


Currently stored in *8 bondad' situation for sale as a result of a cancelled order from 
Saudi Arabia. Vehicles actually manufactured in August 1885. 

Qty 50: 5 door 5 speed gearbox (various cotours) 

Qty SO: 8 doer Automatic (all White) 

Specification (for both types of vehicle): 


a) Low compressed carbureted engine 


(lor toad-fae petrol) 


concMnning 
Power steering 
Steal wheels 

Mtehehn tyres (type XU + SJ 


Heavy duty cooSng system 
r headrests 


Front a rear 
Front A rear armrests 
Tinted glass 
2 Beane door mi no rs 
Central tockmg system 


console 
M n rtB a ps 

Beane door mkwt 
FuB protective wax coating 


A UK SALE WOULD DEMAND 10* CAR TAX + 15% VAT. 
THE PRICE FOR EXPORT THEREFORE WOULD BE 
EXTREMELY ATTRACTIVE AT £14.000 EACH. 


CONTACT MR P. HOGG (0202) 303450 



MAIN 

DEALER 


THE COMPLETE FORD CENTRE 


New Granada Scorpio Auto. 
Silver sage metallic. Drive 
price £ 14,995 £2,1 


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Strata silver metallic. Drive away 

price £11,39511^ ci ,5001 


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Silver sage metall ic Drive away 
price €14395 1 save £2.0001 


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price £ 1 1395 lsaveglrSOOl 


New Sierra GhJa 4x4 Estate. 
Regency red metaflic Drive away! 

P' to;tlz . z g s |5^-Eranol 


Immediate delivery or 
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Registration 


WE WILL DELIVER ANYWHERE ON THE 
UK MAINLAND FREE OF CHARGE 




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TeteDhonr (0905) 362123 Tele* 33BSB0 
a BSC forrMBomi Camparp 


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MOW FOR RAJ. DETAILS 

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demansUBioa. farwtoto of 
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FORD HURRA »4»4 M*y -86. 
Diamond Wftrte 1 owner 
1 1.000 miles. X9.99& Pari o 
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417014 


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STOCK INCLUDES 


Ml 3 setts 
MERC8W 300 5E.230E. 
•B. itat-noiMb. - 
«MXT5GTWto. Espies, ZS 

ABim ROTO Most mrtk. 
SAM 9000 Tudjo. 
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PRESTONS GARAGES 
LIB 

THE LEAOMG ESSEX 
DEALER FOR ALLVOUR 
SUZUKI NSD6. TEST 
DRIVE A SUZUKI TOOAY1 

24 LOft PSHff* ROW 

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7SB 27-500 
mile*. yeflCMv. PAS. fata. 
»on hard lop*. 3 owner*, m 
on* since 1980. wnucman 
genuine tousle £4.760. Tek 
04Si^i7S5 (daytime). 0606 - 
7452S ww and w o s toa m . 


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9-7. Sun 10-4 (049621 29444 
or 5558. wtoktng. Nr CuMdfocd 



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VAUXBALL 

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CMWSTBLE 

06 Aprt, IS Injection. Daflv- 
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BILL HEAD 
(HONDA) LTD 


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169 CORPORATION 8T. 
PRESTON 
LANCASHIRE 
TEL: 0772 58662 


RANGE ROVER 
VOGUE 


1fl05 B Atomic Dnn 

bks. dK. al wl on * to nr. **• 
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1965 GRANADA SCORPIO 
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VOLVO 7S6 1986 C 
Turbo Died Aida Sd»tr. 
FuH spec. 6J300 mts only. 
Radio (agtliL. 

£14,9*15 

VOLVO 766 85 B 
GLE Auto Site. I owner. 
11.425 mk. PX Welcome 
£11,995. 

6705 373 598 Stoday 
471 041 Weekdays 


ROVER VANDEN 
PLAS EFI aid VITESSE 
Choice of Rve 
ALSO 

CITROEN CX25 

Died Tarbo Saloon. 85 C 
1 42)00 Mile*. As new. 17.750. 

WEA1DST0NE MOTOR 
SALES 01 427 4994 
014274994 


NUMB row t» Utl V Rep. 4 
door, alloy wtteda. PA& low- 
bar. BOOOO miles, good 
condition. £7.496 no Tel: 
0269 6688/0369 3027 


SPECIAL DEALS 
ON CITROEN BX MODELS 
AVAILABLE FROM OUR " 
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LLASE— PURCHASE-CONTRACT HIRE 

A MOTOR PLUS RFC VEHICLE. MOST] 
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IMMEDIATE DELIVERIES 
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MU. JOHN CUME 06 M» EUMS 
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KMME ROVER VOOUC (Bit aWo- 
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raeraaic Mill vmvl root I lady 
owner, rj 3-500 T« Oa38 
8SS383 wprnd OS82 S72M8 
ect 33 (wku 


LHDjMlIO. air rood, tow mlle- 
a«r. £8-900. Tel: 0604 870330. 


8 2Cn Cbamn met. 1 

%jOOOal&. £5-95a Tel 0625 

839106 / Sun 060684 £66401 

ESCORT CABRIOLET ^ Lto 

M Ijl. IJOO miles. wHW. 

1986 (O. Unwarned nteato . 
feaOOeno. TetOTSS 8S3893 


VAUXfMLL ASTRA OTC 1984. 
OUOl 9.500 miles, sunroof, ex- 
tras. wife's car. genuine sale. 

X* 'lewer WOI Buy. CS3O0 

<mo. Tei. 01-863 1727: 0702 
566877 MWDO 


RANGOE ROVER Amo 4 dr. 84. 
VeneUMi Red Air coo FuH op- 
tion pacta. O caoptngo. Over 
Carpets. Surer* cond. £12396 
PX pou. 0622 31881 T 


VOLVO 740 OL Auto. Match 86 
Mid btur/bhie velour. ESR. 
E/W. HWW TOP Radio stereo.' 
3.000 mb M/TW A lax March 
87 C9.600. 0708 2736807 


RENAULT 5 GTL 

(LASTEST MODEL) 

5 speed. Fab 1985, 3 door 
tuqume bfcn mataOc. 
Exceaent condWon. 9,300 
mtos. FSH. 

£3.900 


(0442) 49277 




The 

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CENTRE 


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01-445 9202/3 


pntv 2.000 mi l e s - ciijoao. 


ad e owio n. 86 C 6JSOOnov*l 
■adv driver, as new. an ntna. 
£5.995. Tefc0836 206207 
LAND /RANGE ROVER Personal 
meport lax fine sales aoecfaiBt. 
D* A main denier Ooi 224 
220S 


MAIMN EGERTOIM ^ 


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METALUC BLUt. 70000 MILES 
123995 

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out s 


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Bay M Hfa Dtoxat ntfli care fail 
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ten GTE 3 tor. 7J3000 

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Cater Slk 1000 i dr .. 7.010 7Z 

Go* 61 6.78510 

Audi to Span — — Bjn oo 

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(total 25 GTS SjG&LOQ 


ban Pnfaifaata Ufa ntay m 
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for 5JZ5.00 


Crtnwi BXIO GT 733001 

Cttosa 19RD 6.32500 1 

Horttgo MG Efi ‘86 Soec7i1fi7l f 
Maattn 20 EFi 06 Spec fiu83&35] 
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VOLVO 240OLE 
ESTATE 

1986 (C) 

Bfcie met Auto. Else tan- 
rfowB- Heated casts. Rad/- 
Casv 2. BOO mte. 

AS HEW 

£10550 

CaaUM Nwtogsta Ltd, Laic. 
(0533) 530413 24 tvs 


LTD 

WEBB THE. Ctaa ol 4 IV 
dotog beta. UK spec. panwChn 


t seats rnn tm dshmy. 
good poors 

4652W 
2887 


OPEL Senator CO. 44.000 mOes. 
5 lure fuel imecnao. met gold. A 
Res- many morns, arr eondMHNi- 
brg. C&fiOO. Tel: 01 267 2071 


WARRIOR 25 (1 

Motor Home, low mtteape. 
umoue Kalian designed tnlenor. 
5 berth etc Cl 1.260. TeLOl- 
570 7079 anytime 
ASTRA BTC 1.8 in]ection C Ren 
May 86 8.000(0 ■ Silver Met- BS 
new £6.950 Northampton 
10600) 61656 


Save yfffyfpj 
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£8.950 01-674 46I7 iSW 2KT) 
CONVERTIBLE CAVALIER 
choice ol cotour & spec 
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raw court's 


M63S cm Me Bts mdate/Bfee Hbac-Tte pfento or «tt tto 

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oto gestae Dearie samaf. AAoy vtods. Ftoflo/Casssae + many 

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1983 63S CM AUTOMATIC Heart 

rate gearbox. TRX toy wheels. PAS. 

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COLVBt A HEklCHBl AU 7 H 0 M 8 B) BMW DEALERS 


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- — ~ m **•*■ rarnutle p re en 

«wi maw. eaooo 

1 owner, worser, 
Tfato oasMtte. all 
esras. taasuehi irnmirwlMi 
wnfa< tetoe. rajso 
ooo Ter. 01429 4W»Bd79H 
rodlre) or U.IWtaofaS 


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BMW M635 

85 Alpine White/ Pacific 
hide. 10,000 miles, air 
cond. ESR, 5/awra, 
Blaupunki stereo. Save 
£10.000 oo new at 
£27,995' 
WHEELHOUSE 

Notritwiiam 

(0602) 705555 


no i eaptewr Auwmmc. 

vwMIo With MUO Mp. Mue ntfrn- 

or. LSOO rentes ouhrt 1986. 
t lectrtc windows. PAS. Wtoys. 

stereo, to pristine conMm 

■ £16000 «no Tel -876 2549 


1982 6 speed man 


cte co ie aanroot Alloys 
w«h THX. Hew Ttote*». 
CMhupMUtoy Excedentcra. 
dtuoa. XAMSO. >048621 60856- 


l«ntaW71MS»MH«ato. 
Personal Rep. 97.000 n». Good 

COTd thr ou jto** m WKAo- 

osd. MOT s7 £8.496 MHX PX 
S taderwl. TM; 0655 7«W6l 
£>n WKmtfs 0*88 4154807 
■MW «5 CM A 1984 P ita 
Henna Red. Beloe Warner Invn- 
pr. 4 speed s w tteh a My geor tore. 


don £17. — 

>06041 51686 
■MW 3251 CAR RI M. 1T . 1PB2.Y 
r*«. s speed. I owner OXrec- 
ton. OSjOQO iwta whoe. ftstn 


radio nmrtlr. B MCOoe e. Tto 
0532 8S7S76 or 872826. . 

meet cam a rer. ceiow sok 
E» r~ Aiftmanc mnsattoon. 
Alloy w h ee ls . 1 owner A* new 
(MUton. 21.000 rate. CbJOXL 
Tel: ouerd (OHoBi MOOm 
63* CM Auta 85 ML Buck rw» 

sort Air oenn. I owner Ser 

nr# Mlhv 96000 radca 
£15.996 01-271 0805 (WM 
Ol 729 4933 CHI .T 
TtatA 64 B Reg. ineUt 

hr hsiue txue, 1 owner. Innnoc 
cdnddwn. «3oqp ~ nuo 

- Mijso. orace oris 

jCBam CZKsrhttt - 


The 

Rydale 

Collection 



1988 TTMW.7m K Alla 
Cosmos Hue/Blue doth. 
Roaecr sterea Om Owner. 
ComptateJy as new. 3,000 
mies .... £1735 
1984 ‘A’ 88W 7321 A *a 
Biatt Berfrie - windows & 
surroot Rear bead re- 
rfrainfc. Afioy wheats. 
BtauptmU stereo. 25,000 
irries. FuU service 
fsstory £12,485 

^4'A’ BMW 835 CS Ante 
Wans saver/tebar iretB- 
nof. Bectric sutroof and 
. .res, FuH- ssnrice 
bRtay £%495 

1986 ‘(T BMW 8281 SEOn- 
nabar Red/BJack trim. 
Pioneer sterna One owner. 
A® new. 2.000 mSes. Chocs 

of 2 . was 

1984 .’A* MW 3231 Arts 4 

sennea bfetay, 25,000 
nrites £9y495 

UULMMUtf 



12W A prD -84- metaflic op«. 
17JXX1 miles, eaepmave itsreo. 


hMh vote, n e can ma tOMWa. 
SJO a Tto (082360 277 or 


■ Jutoiyea m, rm, 
2*- 000 raues. a wo. 


BJfeCfc. -MtoOb m 

Wammy Avjxm. Hi-fl. DAS 

Alton Pnrtnr •. roMHw. 

-£7toO. Ttol «Q6 862208 
*» Li “C. TtoO m*. 4 doer, 
auto. caw. EC". C/Lorv. PAS. 
AB WM . Alton. Mat £ia875. 

07375 82917.0856 20108? T 
3xoi awMh Hue. ran a 
m PAB- suto-Tan sram. or 
s r. Maenuniet uerp ' FSH. 
47.000 m. £7^400. 486 1 1S» 
SW MAMMA. 2 Door JH 88. 
I2.0C0 - miles, fad. sunroof. 
Bjauamn. etertnr windows. 
AAXTCQ. Tel; 0I-4Q6 2A16 (Qt 
ORAMtoBtuc 44OBinte0/E 

sato Tto: 0426 53106 raw. 


AUTO A rep. 

4clooo rata. Air cm. computer. 
BaoMinM. FU| history 
At& asg 009261 261 or 208 
BMW 739 !8mthsold. Many ex- 
teas. CSB-BOO (mo. Tto: 01-647 
57W a lar faea . Mr fate 
BMW 3 SOPH tor tennUM 

SfSwS* - **“**"* Ttu 

AH raooeb to or- 


BLM.W. WANTED 


■Rare MSTAHT VtbUoKto- 
uonwhte. can John Oavtt* now 
■n . 0452 23466 cn 
WAirreo wars ittb-iobo tor 
the bem price. Tto: 01 6024245 
or settle tor fen. 


PORSCHE OFFICIAL 
CENTRES 



8SC PORSCHE 928 S2 


GP While wnh Crown leuber. Atnamatic. Electric roof + fade 
inch stapaisioa. P700 lyres. ABS. In prittiiie condition having 
covered only 11000 miles atitb service rcconfc ..£32.758 raw 


84A PORCHE 911 
CARRERA SPORT CABRIOLET 

Guards Rad with Cream katro/Red p ipin g . 29.000 miles wnb 
fbU service history. (Cheristwd aunber avai|ableXZZ,T50 ana 

ANY DSracnON WELCOME PX CONSIDERED 

DEL ANYWHERE UK 

CALL ANDY WILSON (043 871) 5200 


PORSCHE 


111 CWKU Sport Tfata 
19*4. Grand Prtx white. FW. 
PDNL ate cond.. rtefi no n lc sto- 
xee. so monte* ponche 
warranty, lust hero seraieed. 
immacublr. £19to0. Tel- 
Home. 02774 56273. Work. Ol 
860 2082 . eatn. 27a 


Mtteae mi ca r— a -raw 
1«*6 C Rh. Pn—a Blue. 
Blue wnsinpe InL mciude 
match Iny aoor omen, snore 
rote auoys, I owner, mi 
•eto. 6800 imks. pnane cond. 
C2&650. Tto. Ol 866 4670 
wkend 0946 780701 


•44 WX A Hep. 53000 ari toa. 
Guarani eeo was msaarv- 

Ctoa nun a While wah d og w om 
Iran. Stores B/C Ekooc win- 
(fows am nkmc. Sunroof and 

AH tmiAJ euns. Tndy 


AD uniat eras Tndy supers 

roMWion throuenoul. £121750. 
01 M ,7481 

1 T PORSCHE 2281 WM|p wlttt 
Hoetnm. 1 owner With Cttata 

FoWtetuolcrv. mofanoM tn- 


eapfa auto, ttte S.T. drrro. atr 

arad. 42000 ud 


ad*. Bvwnrfiatnt. 

£19- 996. Pay 0273 720907. 
ram 0273 83296. 


911 TURBO 84 Model. 
wmw. 29LQOO mte. Service 


Hbtoty 

911 CABRIOLET I 


£26395 


SPORT 83, 
40000 mis. Service 

History £10396 

011 TAftQA SPOUT 82. 
White, 48300 nfas. Service 
HUm , C1&J85 

fMSC CARRERA Mm 
77. 60300 nfas, Service 
rtstory £8398 


THOROUGHBRED 
AUTOMOBILES 
0222 763161 


944 LUX IMS V Gawds red 
?!5 60 Alloys. Sports seats. 
Front soots Sun Roto. CaroHVr 

holder POM FSH 29.000 
miles. Supert* £14.900. 

TeLQ6oe 8U277 mn 0995 
830640 on 


*M UK B Rep. raw me* wHn 
brown Beige MMt ctoOi Into- 
rtor. sutroof. POM. : 5.000 
mdes only, unitor warranty. In 
pristine cond. Pto ueer stereo, 
x 11-780 ono Tto.- (061* 665 
tOOZ (Ol W (061) 678 OSOS OO 


M UK Fixed head 
Covet Ftntsncd In red with 
here* upholstery, elec wtn- 
dOtote 6 Sod. M OCO penvsiw 
mm. CllKXt Stocki o rvun- 
Tass v06S2> 671164m 
944 S3 MODIl. Y fad. Black/ 
Back p m a t i i ie. 54X00 wife*. 
Fial senice tratory. 215 RM. 
av ecu, Panwonc. POM. &f 
roof. 1 owner Ui-fiOO. 0622 
801156 


>4 A 929 62 Guards Red. 
Black, red. fuO tea che r intenor. 
latXJO ru-tots. MUtnor. fSh. 
owner t rawi e rrad. £24jeo 
«»mii 23t>e. 

*24 CAMKRXA GT 01 W. 67.000 
miles. FSH. Goans rad. 6. B. 
wtde MiMs not rand 1 mean 
to. 03.000 or itoai Wa 928 S 
0604 72042S.T 


944 LUX 


1984 MetsRic Bronxc. 
Stectric Sunroof 
Soon* Sroto 
34300 mites. 


ONLY £13^00 


Tet 0785 78756 dw 
0785 822188 raw 


911CAHRgRASFORTCabn0 84 
G.PTta wrote. ro.'Ms. leather 
Brener- “taw system. FSH. 
SPS5L 3??-- imraaeulate. 
“CLSOO TW; Sunday A t 
07378 BSneo 


924’s 1985 

Choice of 4 


Start cme t Bs . electric sim- 
roofs. Once of cotous. 


From £11,500 


CONTAC T WWW JO WtSOW 
BRISTOL SIBSr ROTORS 


021-622 2777 


BLACK 611 SC Tterga. 1980 v 
FuU Turbo body B awnta 
Cl 1 .996. P/cx 6 finance tool 
IMS available. Surrey Motor 
Co 0276 76900 


*44 white. 1986. 6600 mOes. 
FSH. sate sktrts. rear sure, fop 
tamia. POM. wide tyres, un- 
marked. £16500. Tel: tra-cw 
0264 396785 


OS 62 1886 ins blue, tub leath- 
er. roof. run stereo. 
Immarutate. 9.000 MH 
£32000. Tto: 0246 208 771 


FBIWi Ml SC A 1985 fad. 
39.000 m. lmtnar. s te reo .■rate 
FSH £17.900 0761 70577 


FOMCIK *11 SC fan Xsraa. 
1981. low nsUeage. ssmee hts> 
wry. excel tent condnwp. many 
extras, with spoUen. yean 
MOT £1450 0 Tto: Bounw- 
roautb 10202) 769380 


911 6C COUHE. Jas> 85. FSH. 
net gray. blue cWh. ESR. me- 
reo. alarm. 2BjOOOmllea only. 1 
mearutoua owner, often over 
Cl 6-500 Tto. Day Ol 486 
8881 CiCk Ql 664 4165. 


•44 line 84 Med a Rmatw, 
ESS POM 215.601 Ftags EM 
nek S Chams. Btauponai 
17 50 0 rah. pnsttae. £14500 
06286 65469 etei.Wate. 

PORECtre mi TARCA Carrera 
1985. 13.000mtai. ltd! imm 
history, leather imenor. as 
new. £26.995. Tri 01-506 
Slid after 5pm. 

924 C rag. Guards red. B9t- 
POtt. afays- bCH. s arr rt . 
£14.780 CBM. Tto: (HI 0780 
£4479 181 0739 0032: 

*44 LUX IWtt, prtvaa m 
Guards red. FSH. unroof 
aurm. POM. Id nuns nar war 
£l«2fa ono. 021 382 BOtA. 

■24 LUX. Mv 196a. Sdooo 
mac*. ■ scnroiimnur mm 
tbroed. C8.W0. Tel. 01 269 
0261. Ol 430 0821 otnee 


1981 *11 SPORT TAROA oMy 

36.000 ree nmc*. excel- 

lent £16-450 MOagtKon Reas 
Auto Centre Lid. KS 8 6 4d 8fc 
40 A Hack 91 1 SC facet Tara. 
FSH.1 owner. mtM. £.18500. 
Tel 0326 462508. 

JACK ROM LIS offer Poncne 
928S. 1983 Auto. 10.000 Imla 
only £22.460. 01-647 4473 
944 82. LtoM Bhie mei. Extras. 
£10.460. AHo Uted Motorola 
phone (£960) Ol 995 Oi4i 
928 S Alim 1983 Blue metallic, 
low mileage. £16 995. Thomas 
Bros 0953 860615 (Norfolk} 


PORSCHE WANTED 


IH amir Required outstanding 
late low mdeaoe P*4s and 944*. 
For Best price Phone 0703 
453787 ODBecusn naltonwidc- 
FORSCHC *IWC faort coupe 


1966 ALFA ROMEO 
28DD SPIDER 


RHD ' Rad/ctoroi Interior, 
very tare, excefara cancfi- 
hon for the ynar. 


SACRIHCe C«£00. 


CONTACT JOHN LEVRS ON 
01 731 3734. 


Coupe. Factory Macfc/lan him. 
new while hood. 37.ooo mtie. 
Company Direc to rs car Also 
tutety the best examine of thts 
rare car FSH. JDC me mb er. 
£10.750 or nchanpe lor Rata 
Rover Tet 01-640 8595 or 
9040 office hours. 


NORMS TRAVELLER ’H Reg 
Trafalgar Blue. Only 6000 
nates tuace total robuBd. mv 
macuiaie. locally retune motor 
car Best over £3600 or P, X 
tor Land or Range Rover Tto. 
0256 722859 


S HIOROAH 4/4 1400 2- saner 
tourer, signal red. unregistered. 
brock learner uptatstery. 
rustproof inp. rrcumnp seats, 
luggaoe earner. £11400 ono. 
TM: 0959 290866 


V12 C TYI* 242 Manual. Rro 
number 'JAG 44*. mint conch 
bon. dark Hue wiBi brown tude 
Int . Roadworthy £8.700 
TiS.(0B32J 452 622 i office 

hourte or (06321 742787 (home) 


W Cl* Mao. 1972 

fad wHh i» fatror mtoetor. 
fuD engine rebuild IJOO miles 
Ho. New (saltier tr 
£22400. 01-722 344*77 


_ _ . _ v»* . 

rad Hack learner, row. 56X100 
mis. good cond. £10.500. Eves 
0254 7825 SB Bedford. 


82-83 reotured by nervate buy- 

'■ SOM4 


Cash watuno. Tel 
814326 (H) OW 012662 (W) 


COLLECTORS CABS 


SOVCSM] LITRE AUTO, 1961- 
graen wiin teaUier and walnut 
Intendr. ail enguial leUures kn 
ctuduio vane radio. 


unmaruiate ranfaton tnrouah- 

- a OW 


OuL Cl^OO OJLO. T« 
862161 tras-wurrodsl 


MHMWork and owner. 53... 
notes only. Mibb Blue. Hilenor 
wrutr oners muted over 
£12.000. Tto: 0782 592024 

coRvornttc oalaxy 500 . 

I9b3 1 owner. Always pa- 
raged. 31.000 mites- RHD Pair 
(due wMt head. Hew MOT. 
Slunnlnp. £6.260. Ol BBS 6236 
19*7 tartUSH MONA 1275 en- 
ow. many evtras- tax and 


Pipr.VGC. £1.500 Tel 01 w 
m 23 1. ash for 


«222- extenaroo 


1865 IWRRK •1000’ 59400 
nates. Qnpmal eogmr & upnot- 
slery. cooddidB esreUsm. One 
owner. MOT lo Nov Offers 
Please Urinate 1027887)2243. 


1860 M O RW S HONOR 1008. 12 

months lest 42-000 miles penu- 
tne- OnouMI ronvertable. to 
very pood rondiuon. £ 2.600 
ono. Tel: Ol 898 3038. 

TRIUMPH STAS 1972 white, 
auto, hs tops. Dm mertor. wefl 
mainfaned. taxed and nwL 
lady owner Iron new. private 
sate C2.700. Tto (0202) 28299 


JCNSCN BT 1976. «2-000 mfles. 
mtoaUlc Mur. showroom rondi- 
uon. £2.960. Cant Sussex 
(04241 892918 

E TYPE 62 COUPE 1970. I am 
anginal owner. Please rroo for 
details 0772 635492 
MORGAN +8 C Reg Red 1500 
notes Alloy body Beauufal Of- 
ten 0480 67744 eves. 


COLLECTORS CABS WANTED 



PRE-WAR SPORTS CARS & TOURERS 
ESPECIALLY MORGAN’S AND MG’S 
BYFLEET 09323 53582/43572 


JAGUAR & DAIMLER 


XJ12 LWB 
Series II 


1979. T Reg. Superti. 50000 
mass. 1 mmet Fu service tu- 
ny Sum*. Stereo. 

ONLY £1.995 
FOR QUICK SALE 

01-445 6085 

m 


DMMLBR UMOUSME Vandro 

Pteo. v previous owner, imnrar 
utoip in every way. service 
hntary For sate due to lack of 
us*. £6.999 chmstwd number 
Wfa* , available TeL.ccasi 
888815 tome# hows I 


XMHE A Rc«- 1983. reel brown, 
heigr miner, elect nr window*. 
“■ »fa-. stereo rassetie. FSH. 
ntdlcni condition, ex-darmorj 
car. 1 owner £11.600. Tto: Ol 
OOI 2641 


85 C JAGUAR XJSC VIZ HE con- 
remote, metahe prey vidiv doe 
■Lra uanoMrry. automaur. 
PAS. air cond. computer, sto- 
red. 10.000 niilH. lull hsion 1 . 
“WL- £=3.995. Day 0273 
720987 eves 044e 482609 


JAGUAR 3.6 
CABRIOLET 


WRh summer a ppr oach ing, 
why not ate aowriaga of 


XJS 

7300 


fresh air. c 
UCattloiM. 
mis orty. 

£18.500 
0732 460 194 
0*ner tet uwi eg to AuctaBa. 


DOUBLE SIX 
Vaodmpias M res- Cxeeurni 
rondiiion Metallic blue. Ap- 
ron low mileage C2.6SO. 
TtoiOl 654 7831 


ta AUTO S^PT *84 R REO. Blue 
Mel tan hide Int. As new 
13.000 mis £14.500 Tel: 0303 
66412 


JMUAR t Tim Scries II 

farodsier. BRG. 74,000 miles. 
1970 H rap. atMMuiely ortoinw 
In superb condition A meciiam 
tally aetoeri. £ 10 950 muu ku. 
0I 62« 6567 or 09924 67594 
**C « 1983 19 .OCXD mis. 

Pmllnectntiiiofi £9.495. 

Ritowud Moiors 021-643 3335 
JAOUMrDAURJER 1981/86. 
Choice of 45 wtiate raniw 
£4-995 C 19.000 faL 19 SS2! 
PX Tel 01-554 9B3i EwnTrf^ 


CoBtuned ao Bed 


. foe 
that 
st in 
extra 
lesby 
ete is 
iut its 
next 


its, at 
from 
lillion 
£725 
£900 


>nsor- 
o,foe 
i! ser- 
lOpto 
iygain 


insicr 
ng its 
erisev) 
her of 
i News 
s Press, 
npleied 
h. 

it, APV 
er2p to 
aed its 
ent to 
m Ben- 
k aaing 
another 
XPV at 


t a total 
iares, or 
; votes, 
i 955p. 


ei office 
neni car- 
m is cs- 

impleied 
million. 
ER RE- 
IWEST- 
Second 
,73p for 
D. 1986, 
3p. This 
directors’ 
lerim re- 
1 5p and a 
period to 


. CORP: 
1. 1986. 
jn (£6.58 
033.052 
per share 
Ip). The 
company 
ie second 
i auction 
ig and it 
:crop and 
uction. 
IOENIX 
tlf-vear to 
Turnover 
Loss be- 
s 31.914). 
i 36.l7p 


S, 


top into 


W 8256 
ces 


-rmation 


plication 
om tried 
th our 


(£499 ex 
torage. 
iger 11 
>).* It 

>r Prestel. 
. (worth 


....£99.95 


l 


£99.00 

imsiOT 


£49.95 



ntain and m.iy 


vlG 


1 






3 - 


131986 


» 


JAGUAR A DAIMLER AUTHORISED 


EOIXS ROYCE A 
BENTLEY '■ 




iT f iT:i ^ 311 1 1 y. 1 * .<1 


|| LOOK BEFORH YOU LEAP. 





Ewn Jf not toying newt purchasing a pro-owned luaiy 
carts sun a major invesaneit 

So you an rig)4 to be exceptionally partlcutar about the 
vetidejoudmost And the people you sdect to buy from. 


HOkantft^n brought if) to 


standar ds# 

&3years 


is a dassic m its own ngit and w 
Because, afthougfi not all nttuMs 
Dantes, each ore has had Its eii 


ofyarranstderata 
ayed are Jaguars or 
S, mechanics, body- 


nfles.TogE 
cover, anal 
ferlesspre 
TO see 
today. 


its and labour 
that makes soi! 


we mean, arrange a viewing with one of our Official 


FIRST FOR [AGUAR 
IN BARNET, BAR NONE 



There u> no-one ottering motorise* in N.W London 
better quality sales and service than us. 

For all \our jaguar and Daimler needs, we're brst, 
foremost, best 

Contact us. very soon. 

Sates: 01 -*WOS25ZSonaUys:Ol--MI 2131 
202-204 High Street Barnet Hem. 


RADLEY GREEN ' 




"G-\RAGE 

. 01 - 440 ‘8252 




1966 AUDI 90 GUATTRO, Tornado rod. tinted Mndows. 

MAIDSTONE CAR SALES LTD 
UPPER STONE STREET 
MAIDSTONE, KENT 
Tel: (0622) 50821 


MERCEDES 230 E 

1382 (X rag)- Metal Be silver, 
manual, eractric sun mot 
and aerraL stereo rafio cas- 
sette. Uiimaattate condrtxm. 
1 owner. FuB Mercedes ser- 


JACK ROSE LTD 

Mingfon, Surrey 

1BS2 ROtaMTftt SlwSpA 
1&OOU irti I M.W 
mo ROUS BW K Saw 
Stott*. 55JOOO rita— DM* 

vm rous wn« saw 
smor. *jno vb^xnja 
tW7WU* ROWE 9nr»5g 
(ants W- 6SJB0 nte— £»J5R 

we nous wws aw 

&tfow: HflJD n* — KUS* 
AB wiltt sannee Ksjory & avaiF 
zbte with 12 mantis warranty 

01-647 4473 



CONTRACT HIRE 




VWMoC £2976 VW Jets C £3668 tad 80 CL £51-71 

Wi GoB C £36.79 VW Jena TX Ml 69 AW 100 EW-» 

VW Go* GTi £51.70 VW Snxco GTE4230 AW 1 00 CP £74-10 

1W Pass* C £4160 VW Snxxo GTXES2.15 MfQaBO- £13461 


OF HINCKLEY 

Wkarf Farm. Cmtey IM KocUqi l«c. — — ■■ — — .... 
Tdeptwoe HtacUcy jMS) 34548 TRICAR G 





TEL: Mice Dodds onO>301 3050 NOW 


Whitehouse Audi; 

fleet Services ^ 

Blendon Rood Bexley Kent Butinas iters 


JAGUAR A DAIMLER 



zmsi cou m t ummumur x 

dm. BM 0 C. hood brown, amo- 
nutke. onr owner, unvote wn 
2Smo mile*. ClA90a Td 
0823 400 4S2- 



\mi 

i”i 




84(B) 500SE 

Automatic. Metallic gold. 
22.000 mis. Extras inctesfe. 
dec. teats. aUqy wheels. 
Bbupmdci radio. 

£2%959 

Ross Brothers Ltd 

0943 603261 



1970 RoDfrJLow* Ffuneont 
VI limousine Mrfmrfn Hhm 
'cirnsnaoikMiiosjaw. 

1985 BrnOer-Msfe***. 
Turbo *R*. Ri»J WnriM^pnB* 1 
4^milrvI6A5M 
1984 Roto-Roww Sflwr 

Spirit. Odfirjn WXN rnifcv- 
147,950 

1984 (B) Rdb-Rorcc Sffucr 
Spirit- Drep OaWvBi’^: • 
I«WO rmtes. £46300 

1984 Rb&rltoyc* SBfcer ; 
Spirit- lkn*vn 

fcvreflrv'Uark Browse 18.300 
mfev: £44*950 

1984 RoBs-Rtwe SW 
Spirit. Leht Oswn. UwL Wan 
. JSJ50WU: £43^50 - 


MANN T 
EGERTON 


1977 RolWto*** ;CWM«gwr. 

Ljurrl GitvaT.**. UtdnAv 

L3&J500 ‘ 

1985 RoJWtow* Sfcftr’.. 

Spirit, hr LinvttBf^r JI.OM 
nnJnc U7*5®, _ 

l^RoJMto^Sifcer 
' Spirit- 7 hrtwalqr ftiy'-fWTO 

wire: 135,750 

I960 Ro&JkwCc Swr . 
shadow: !L tlwHdj* 4,«U 
mdre* £32.750 . 

1979*o»s-Rcaw Sher 
Shadow lULanHwn Man 
Uncr 2*.m**t<t23&0Q 

I 1 968 Botb-Aance Skapfear 1. 
4«oa) Blur mar s fcr? ljft-i BLxL. 
4(J»0nWvLI4JS8 


fnor further tlrtails pie*^ riiig m on Ql-499~834(h 


800 E Unny ESR. AB3. Ancon. 
Rad/Cw- etc. 

Avail now or AUO 111 £23-000 
Mr. Moore Q1 242 00X2 Off T 


3S0M A RR Met SOW Blue, 
arc roof. Headrest. 4** ste- 
reo. <19.000 tM% CIS. 993. Eve: 
BWntn HOI <09491 73143. 



WYKEHAMS LTD 
QIJATTRO 
TURBQ 
COUPE 

Choice of Two. B Reg IW. 
Tornado Red, 12000 Mite. 
SunrooC FSH, ABS. Digital 
dash etc. An outstanding un- 
marked example. £1449* 

A Reg I9U. Helios Blue.S<n>- 
rooC 27.000 Mite FSH. 
Superti coodrtkm ihrougbouu 
UL595 

01 589 5894 


GOLF on Converts*-, buck, t 
lady owner, rag April 86 (Bk 
14.000 mites, mmi cotmitten- 
1&2S0 one. Tel: ByOed 48373 



500 $L 1885 B REG 

11.000 ma« FSHji agnal 
red. Mack dottier tnnL rear 
seat conseretio n. caMar 
taiaphona, hnnacutea 
condition. 

£26,250 OH TO 
HKLOK POTK 

061 728 2500 


3SO IL 82(Y> ivory/brown doth, 
rear seal- air court- a^S. ause 
control- BltOGra. 20000 WM- 
£19.900. Tri: 0233 7X4953 


38« SL 81 series. LaMS Uue. 
cream doth. ABS. rear aeat 
FSH. £18.796. Tel JBA Pact*- 
maun 0706 336266. 


DAIMLER SOVEfHEKM 3 Door 
Cw*. Perfect rondstkur. mm 
tisusn NO 48 HFM. PMw 
phone 0932 783024.761623 



XJC 43 Server. 1983. 1 owner. 
32-000 mua only. FSH Air 
cond Alloy wheels. Pristine 
rood. £7996. Tel; 01 908 4819. 
US 1984. cum. doe 4dn. mint. 
1 yrs Jaguar warranty. 
£13.730. TeLOl-370 7079 
anytime 


29J300 notes, lambs wool nnp. 
Mm car. £li^SO. Tel: Day 
0533 566054. Eves 602371. 
US 5J IK 1985 B. RacHw 
Green. 9.000 mb £19.996. 
John EM Tel. 0333 32706. 


JAGUAR A DAIMLER 
WANTED 


GUV SALMON require your Jag- 
uar Daimler Hinder 20.000 
mUesi ImmedUie drdskio. 
bankers drafl. lumonwide cd- 
lecuon Tci; Mark Lewis 01 -398 
4222 Sunday 0836-202966. 


V.W. AND AUDI 


VM GOLF CT1 Convertabte 1984. 
A remsiered. FSH Electric win- 
dows. Black wnn black roof, 
exceiieni condmon in and out. 
Low profile tyres. Mua sen. Of- 
fers In the reqMn of £6800. 
TO OASa 7399S 


280 TE 1082. 
X REG 

LeBthBT aptahtaiy. Alloys. 
ABS.Arandttnnlng.SumW. 
48,000 mis. 

El 0,600 

Tht (wwj saner 


33V 880GB. Bua Gram. 

ABS. ESH E1M80 

aav soose ean QnmiOnm 
taMfiar. 37,750 mh^EIASSO 




GOLF C A (teg. met silver. 3 door, 
can rad. alarm. FSH. 1 
awner.eMOeUmi condition 
£3.000 7M 741 8671. 


GOLF CTIlBOOcr. 49.000 mis. Y 
rep. low profiles, alloys, sun 
roof. £4.600 ono. Tel 01-930 
8338 w. 672 8331 b 


BRONZE GOLF CabrM GTI Gon- 
vwobie. Kartnunn prepared- 
Chbra afarm and Planter earn- 
poneiH stereo. 2 yoara old. 
present owner only, unmarked. 
£7.500 Tel:02404 3831 

GOLF GTI TurVo 1985 8. Alias 
Grey, etec wmdawv stereo, 
nmv PTs. C/Lork. alarm, why 
wan for a 16 valve, call p«e 
Hanwon Tef 6m«i KnUPu Fay 
Otjl 568 0413. PQA. 

AUM GTS* COUPE. Tornado red 
1986. hnmac cond. 7 months 
man guarantee. 16.000 mites. 
Many extras. CS-OOO. TH 0CT7 
582 3790. 

GOLF GTI iSOOcc. Lhasa Green. 
20000 rmles. V Re* Fun ser- 
vice history Twinheads. 
Factory sunroof, allays- ante. 
£4.996. 0323 36308 


KRCCDCS 490 9LC 1980. M- 
ver. aBoy wheels. E*«- 
F-S.H.. 48.000 ndles. excellent 
condition ihrtnjqfioul £13.750 
T*i: <02221 863000 <041*1 or 
(Q22Z) 602018 tevenlnttel 


M EH C EDEB Far hntnwUate ft 
Early deW-exy. 190E 2-3 i6w. 
230E AUM. 2500 M awuaL 
3000 AUM- 300TE Aulo. 3O0E 
AuM. S60SEC AMO. Tel: 0384 
29S79HT1 


UD SL »SU AUTO 18X100 mites 
only. Ml service history- etec 
wMous. aUv wheels, stereo 
cmftte. UxR} roUfl 19 87. A fl 
orMbuL £16£Oa TD 073781 
3030. 


230 TE 1984. A Re*. aMO- sa- 
ver/ Mae dam ML. rear seas 
win neadresb. reofreek * 
wtehM cnir armrest, raaou 
41.000 mta £9.500. (073565) 
537 Mr BMnglUte. Hants 


SM -August 82. sternal nd «8h 
tan doth- 2G OOP mites. 6 speed 
manual. ESR. HWW.FSH. Pw- 
feet- hat serviced >01500 
Sheffield <07421862330 


IME AUTO 1986 C Re*. 9.000 
miles- Mcf Thlsae Green. ESH. 
C-W £12.960. 0491 574096. 
MESCDKS 190 Hid. 84 A <L 
Mae. 5 sort. 24.000 mis £6.950 
W: 0062 876622 ex 230. 

360 SL SL W. met Animate, 
cream velour. FSH. allays, a/c. 
50.000 rote, superb- GUOO, 
PX pass. 0604 720423.T 

ZSOSL 1970. ODM. 60000 miles. 
Hard 6 son lop* 2 owners. 
£10X100. Tet OI 886 977a 
280 1C Estate 1980 SHvtr/black 
ML auto power. 5; roof, radio 
case. £6.996. 431 3094. 


MERCEDES WANTED 


De Riche 

Contract* Ltd 

CONTRACT HIRE & VEHICLE LEASING 


NATIONAL CONTRACT HIRE— 

per month 


AUSTIN-BOVER 

Metro Ow £116-51 
Maestro 1^C£IS&S7 
Montego 140QL £J64-!ft 
Row 2I6SE £195.94 
MG Montego ER £227 JS I 

BMW 5lSi £230) 
31 Si £27007 
S20i £301-85 

CITROEN 

BX 16 RS £185.33 
BX 19 RD £195.94 


RENAULT JTL £jr7.ra 

. 5TSE £169.46 
25GT5 £27537 
25GTX £312.44 
SAAB 900 3-dr £24089 
900 4-dr £275-37 
900 Tdfte 5-dr £3S6uS7 
GM VAUXHALL 

Astra UL £15817 
Cavalier I flQOL £174.76 
Cftriion USL £222.41 
Cavalier SRt £238-30 
Carlton 2 jOGL£243J4 
Senator 2S £33152 


fifti ^ VOLVO 740 GL E75J7 


BX19 RD Estan £21 1^2 

FORD 

Escort 1300 Laser £169.46 
i XRS £195.94 

I Siena 1.8L £195.94 

Orioa iiqieedao Ota £222.41 
GiotSSTu GL £264.78 
RS Tuxtio £291.26 
Siena XR4 x 4 £34*50 


740 GL Estate £323,03 
. 740 GLT £375.9* 
740 GLT Eoate £397.17 

VW/AUDI 

Polo C £127.10 
GotfC£M&28 
Goff GTi 027.51 
Audi 90 CD £289.00 
Audi Quanto Coopt £397.17 


One monthly payment for yoar motoring owerkatds 

Short term contract Mro mitabh 
3-6 month duration- 

telephone for details 

Tek (0922) 614014 . 
or Tdcx 335069 

for fall details sod a written qnoie on any Company Car 
MAINTENANCE PROGRAMME INCLUSIVE 



01 200 3939 



GARAGE 
(ROMFORD) LTD 

Mercedes Benz main 
dealers. Underwriters 
for tats and tow mile- 
age Mercedes. 


COffTACT 


OR 0708 23511. 


'IM I 1, K-.lj./. 


IM SC. 1978. T Reg.. MttaMc- 
flreen. automa tic , sunroof, 
stereo- 91000 miles. I owner. 
Top carnation. E3A96fwra«*» 
sale. lUrtf or dlhlr r: O M» 
67 600 (Day). 0989-63800 
(Evening)- 



A new unique service to 
our readers and advertisers. 

OPEN 

ON 

SATURDAYS 

for the 


160 SO. Latest *6 spec, make 
SMVW. Mack vekw. ctecirfc 
sears an roun d. 6JJO O mHrt. 
£37-500- Tel 102831 761340 
eves (0283) 62819 offlca. 


280 SC March 84. outfle grren 
w«h dark oreco tatertor- etec 
sunroof, stereo. FSFL 16X100 
miles. Im m acula te . 1 owner 
£16.900 TetO 1-906 1881 


380 SL 1984 B Re*. Red/tan 
hide. 24-000 mb. FSH- 1 yr 
Mercedes Warimuy. aHoym. 
cruise. £22.950 or PX Porsche 
Targa.'Cabnotet 877918] 4642. 


290 SL 67.000 muss. FHS.7S.fPl 
re*, sdver/wue Iran, a new 
tyres, and battery, long M.OT 
nrst to * ** w Hi buy. £8.925 
mm. Tel 0736 294141. 


M LH C C 0CS - . For Ote be st price pn 
OtoS*^76B»49 M 

anyttme. T 

3S0SZ.nL «F JM * *. «P T 
sec range. Wttat 

ttehoi. Aido. TteiOjl 0661 
2644. torn 0432 265263. 

M WCC PC S BOCE 190 warned 
lor cash. NoiBnMm* < 0600 ) 
706566 


ROLLS ROYCE A 
BENTLEY 


SILVER SPOUT 
1981 M0BEL 


jfe *7*% Jfirlra* 


w* 


wtuiMir maha v model of car 
or akomerdal tebide yaa icqanc 
• Autotetex are eWe to »»•» - 
at the best posable itocoum. 
cotnhmrd rrtih 9* teHiOH 

toreea finance m milabie* 
Wo offer a omonal icreict 
Hand w none. Cell w ami 
and Mil Mk about poor ■». 
*8tdmeii awn anty (Satqea 
torkuiL 



CONTACT rOLfK LOCAL OFF^Cf 


Fiat and Leasing Specoriists 




Tbe abo«e icnals are based ooaftmr yens tetoewnhaafl tesidnt 
Other lease pa.ods. avaaritle. 

BOUTS MOTORS 

KRF tMLE UUE. WOLVERHAMPTM 

TO. >902 2B73S 



01-379(377 
Not imports. Bcwtsad crwfci 
broktes. Warranty gsareidng 
canted ort by yoar local deal* 








: i ) xf Ml * Nl 


Iteg Ok 1980. Uteri 6nw sffli 
Hack Ewrites root finoMd n 
bogeMa. FSH. 1 omw. 83000 
lids. Excedent coidUM. 

£25,000 


0723 514141 (aMn bn) 


ME 8 MY SHADOW 

SUBIWMNnil 1974 
39J00 mtes only -. Z mw ere. 
(The entar of feaaSwJ. 
mm EmtexiaaL 
Beadttal conMon, 

£10,950 
PX possible 



ROUS ROYCE 
SJIVffl SHADOW n 

Raottaed 1978 


SW 6rey owCmWKanBM- 

lr£t blue te -:*. Sbeepston 
rugs. FAR "ten agibte 
coreHmn- S3 y enpewra. CJwil- 
tanr dmen ant martantd. 
59.000 mfcs 

ElMOOtJUL 
Telephone 0225-833939 


PAFTIAL CHA UFFE UR SEIWICE S 





| 

F\f KLS-Si7'M-r I M ■ l V I j 


# i f:V 4 

| 0,-H- ,»( (h:* V»v 

.,r!JS tiME-'t *;-n. | 

llTickford ^3^ 1 





Drive thru service £4.95 

£ 2.00 OFF ■ss 


The American Carwash Co 
80 Pancras Rd, London NWt 

400 yds Kings Cross Station 

Open 7 days 

01-387 2832 



FZybWSaur 19S7. CoaChHWR 

whj MoiUner. beMMinil condi- 
Hcn. 65-000 mfWS. fun dcMIted 
Maury £22X100 01-871 0614 


197* SHADOW B 834300 IMtaa. 
wMtewan tyres, dare oxford 
Hue with Hue nkte interior. 3 
owners fUVOOO ooo Teuoi- 
491 0146 London Wl . 


■omjCV TE. S Reg- 1978. sa- 
ver Grey with Cvttflec roof- 
60-000 m. bnroaadatc, 
Cldjooa TH: OI 267 3293- 


You can now phone in your advertisement to us any Saturday 
morning, from 930 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. 

This is a unique new service for all classified advertisers in 
The Times and Sunday Times — and it costs no extra. 

To book your advertisement phone 01-4814000. 




THE SUNDAY TIMES 


the^^hmes 

MAKE • THEM • \X®RK • FOR • YOU 



Uon. £8-900- 01.668 
MB SCL 1981. Mr 6ML A8&- M- 

IwS/Sric ^SP°S2S« 

Idcmrjdivcr Hoc. £10 996. 
Godtetate <0883} 845979 .. 


ItnUf WM « 4K. Itann. 
data ores. Novrmbvr i960 
»400 in. £7.996- TH 0852 
636166 daytmu- 

OnR I MC I B: 80 FHC. Superb 
«md- £26.000 or bHubm Kf 
ramnUOte. TH; 08*32 674* T 
FOR mte Stiver Spoil Sttf-omr 
nr ctuutfrur Otlw vtroete* 
ftvMtabte 01 3a093B0-79QeT 




DUKES CHAUFFEUR 
DRIVEN CARS 

24 HOUR SERVICE 

01-960 4444 


J?;ST 2. A5JCN :';D £3T 
H 0 5 ' E r. T 3“ 

BED V/C^TH 
Vv A A \\ ! ! C K $ C V • 2 “i >N 2' 

1 - •- c‘ C j . - J ’ C * 0 


wpaRFoSSSitg 


Ptauc fa Was »d SfecScteas 
m H HS ST HEET. 
WMCKMTH. 
UMQNH60M 
JEL 05-748 flCI. 
lB£t SK43S USCARS G 


LANCIA 

MONTE CARLO 


83 ModH. Low iHtoauo, 
ncm common. ^ 


oiteK bfm. 




Trnmm 


GlALLO FLY.' BLACK 
LEATHER, CjEUVERY 
MILEAGE. 

£42,995. 

TEL (0992) 5530T1.T. 


82 X FERRARI 
308 GTS 

Black, tan baffler, air 
con, ratfip/cass. full ser- 
vice history, 3fWXJ0 
mites. 

£20,995. 

TEL (0992) 55301 1.T. 


80HM HOLIM msunvc 

>9*4 a rp*. rad and retro*- 1 
“Ware. 8.000 mues apt y. m 
new. £7 XXX). Over U2XX» 

tew OI 401 7734 


- J'.. t l, 


wzmm 


October 95 Rad «tth Grey Tim. 
ManutoGWas Waraay. 3D00 

mat. ^ o am* 

Absolutely Sturmmg 

PffCE w wpucJmoa 

020 3-3861 58 or 
375709 




rm- 

™ ■ pean white wnn ram 
Hwannbn mbi RMtoca»- 

£10996. Row Mr 
CMnems on 0491 BttiaiTj 


**L Awa ^ 




y ■! h aW'ffc j 




*Yi 


:^5¥rH 



























































ill 


■ary^’ ja WM OB. hs- 

flJi.’T n » w aa»w w 3*83. 
Musician's uavumru Timm 
“ew. £&a». offfm 
. ronumiuL EVn<&l ^ 23*1 


CMTCBRBRS OR nnvMk 

IP Europe. (JSA A mod 4aiw » 
S£5± Dtotomal Travel: 01-930 
aaoi AST A MTA ATOt_ 


“““row glo w. £310 no- 
5 , S. S 2"Ji! !t MMor MW- 
«. 01 48B «37 1ATA 


In the heart of Knightsbridge a 

new experience in seafood 
awaits you. Named after the 
Roman general who renounced 


fnateari L dcuD uS 


Freneh and Latin 
seafood cuisine. 
With its elegant 
marble floors and 
cofumns it is a 


' --L* iJ» Cr 





NT 


finest French wines. The three 
course Business Lunch Menu is 
excellent value from Tuesday to 
Friday at £1250. On Saturdays 



Marseillaise and on 
Sundays the chefs 
speciality Piatdu 
Jour is tire perfect 
family nn» l- 
Overiooking Hyde 
Park, the relaxed 


temple; defitaons hors tfoeuvres, surroundings of Lucullus are 
exotic sauces and the also ideal for private parries. 

LUCULLUS 

SEAFOOD RESTAURANT 

Open 12 noon-3pm, 7pm-llpm. Closed Monday. 

48 Knightsbridge, London SW1X 7JN. Tel: 01 >245 6622 


BAYSWATER’S ONLY OASIS 
OF LUXURY 



The GANDHI Cottage 

Finest Indian Cuisine. 
Exquisite Tandoori and Chefs 
speciality seasoned to your own taste. 

Open 7 days, 

12 noon - 3 pm/6 pm * midnight 
57 Westboume Grove, W2 

Tel: 01 - 221 - 9396 . 

Air conditioning. Private function room 
available. Also, conference & AVU 
facilities available. 


•WHJOT 

SOUTH INDIAN KESTAUBANT 
Fully Licensed 
58 Upper Tbotmg Rood, 
Tooting. London SW17 

Open Tuesday-Sunday 
Noon-Spa i £ 6pm - / 1pm 
Chned Monday 
TeL 01-672 5328 
Parties Catered For 
Take Away Strtite AoaOabk 


LONDON’S 
WORLD FAMOUS 
AUSTRIAN 
RESTAURANT 




NOW OPEN LUNCH k DINNER 
MON-PRI 12-3 
MON-SA.T 6 - 1 AM 

mu&tr ™l flliwif ' 
oighUy in an atfoopsberv 
mwiillrinifly Viennese 

94 NEW BOND ST. Wl 
01-629 8716 
01-493 9789 


those tickets to 


There is now a cheaper, more practical way to 
enjoy the delights of exquisite Indian cuisine. 

You need only travel to Harrow on the Hill for 
the finest curries and other regional dishes. 

Our Nepalese chef has' no mastec And to 
complement his superb cooking we have created an 
ambience that will do the fullest justice to his art. 
Come to the Brasserie soon. 

THE NAMB BRASSERIE 



THE WELL HOUSE HOTEL 
ANDBESTAURANT 

High Street, 

Watfiartra, 




Nr Rartto An*, Lntfoa W2 
01-262-9623 
Mni%INnmi 
12 - 3 pm/ 6 J 0 - 1 U 5 M ate 


&tor of ikittrtup 

28TAB. S3 TEABS 


Spmatiang m TWaa h 
i Cany Doles 
FuBj licensed 

Opn ?4 b) a hock k Dswr 
157 WBSTBOUBNB GROVE, 


SPREAD EAGLE 
RESTAURANT 

at 

GREENWICH 
fundi cum. Ream. food 
Food Gate, Egai Rooay etc. 
Busmess lurches. Dnmr hum 
6J0 pm. Party (antes. 

. . Oppose ThaTIcste 

.. 01-8532333 . 


OLIVE 




imr/HAM AND HSH 
RESTAURANT 

267 Kflbora Htafe Road, 
- LoodM NW6 

Tel 01-625 8734 


%a, (Sa&a/tcreas 

9tusticanw 

Typical Italian food pi® 
some SkiHai dafaes 
124 Cfevdand Street, 
W1P SDN. 

Tel: 81-388 4632 


VEIT LONDON'S MOST WIIMATE SWISS RESTAURANT 

tu* in Dw style of an 

T** specafinas. ineL i 

vanety tf Fondgas. 

161, WAHDODB STREET, TEL: 01-734 3324 

Mcn-Pri Lou th & Dinner. Sat enisp only. Post Theatre 



|i 1 



THE SUNDAY 

LUNCHEON 

EXPRESSES 


ktwCny is pleased to announce 
a halter programme of these 
presngna and historic steam- 
hatAed trains, running most 
Sundays up to 31 August 
The jornney from London 
MaryJetxxw to Stratford-upon- 
Avon is pneed at £35 and 
indudK first Cta»r«ti*ntra«L < 
Morning Coffee three course 
Luncheon and Afternoon %a. 
for fuBdetafe telephone 
01-388 0S10/0ST9 (Office Horn), 
or cal in at your local BR Tfawel 
Centre. 

Intercity 


' // ^ / 





freeman’s 

A fredi approach to eatiog art 
OHKUUtir rhiwtglDg i pfR ^ T I 
fired prices for 2 or 3 
erases aid a b carte non 
so hidden costs 
engfeb ho d with a 
ones mm nrtwraiiug, 
mripfMTO wine fa 
hnmmmrip fash cream 
ice aeam ft antes 
Opto Tan-fo wfa 6 ms 7pn 
hmdav Lunch Fmcn 1200 pa 
ctaleiWy (0227) 750304 
40 Itae dint, bcashlon, 
nr. lawreham. ted 
jm off the M2 



GOLDEN 

TANDOORI 

RESTAURANT 

SPECIALIST FOR 


7'. t 7- f. 


CUISINE 

♦RBcnamaaded Award 
fa AA 19BS 
-A Good Food Carry 
Bride Award 1986 

296 Cbem twnu* Asad, 
■areettcr Part, Sarrey- 
let 11-327-5262/2442. 
M Oonnoned. Booling Amune 


LA BORNE 
FBANQUETTE 

5 Mgh St, Eghara, Surrey 

Tel: 0784-39494 

Menu atefashe 
- wbwws. 5 courses 
inebdino sefected ames £20 
An extraordinary 
komeks experience 
* Business & Stanley 
luncheons 

* Convement M25, 
Heathrow, Wmasoi. Ascot 
* Man A30 position -Car part 


English & 
Continental 
Restaurant 
Egon Ronay 
Recommended 
85/86 

31 The Green, 
Bearsted 

MattbtoBe 37065 


HOTR & RESTADBA9I 

A La Carte/TatoM D Hote 
Open tor Lunch/Dmnar 

30 oak w 

Wo odterd fan, Essex 
108 9NY 

01-505 4511 


EAST ARMS 
BOTEL 

We specialise in 

• Dinner Danm • 

• WMOifl g flrrrwmv * 

■ QWrrnim ■ 
ExMfeni accommodation 
Restaurant oo-n 7 days a 
week to Non-Residents 
For bookinox and dmh 
Telephone 062802-3227 


^fjoba 

rtougijt it 

Crafty Greta Nr. Lnfao, Ked 

OH WoridB hn 8 fully Sensed 
restaurant mth mgtenook frre- 
ptace, a wea«i o> knr beams & 
low cedmgs The 50- seal restau- 
rani min maensvp menu 
avadable lor pnvare paraes. wed- 
Omn iccepums. bamjutis. 
conferences «c. Sunday kaicnes 
served. Live music Sunday 
ewrangs. Large car park. 

(0622) 858951 EX 3 

E3 S 


I5TH CENTww SMUGGLERS MN 
FULLY LICENSED FREE HOUSE. 
WINE A RNE BY CANDLELIGHT 
OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATION 
AVAILABLE 

Stone SbmL Peftam, Oa da Msfn 
rm» fern i 'HytoB Road (B2B8B) 

PETHAM 468 


SELF-CATERING 


LOXUltV VBJJIS wmi doom and 
■urrstut avail. sooibofFnan. 
MbMii. Awrvt: wen Indies. 
Continental votes Oi 246 9181. 


A last minute 
villa with no 
surprises! 

Weera always able to offer 
cpisOty trifles « short notice, 
wkta Ibe esrphsda on the 
high standard end service our 
bractauretaes promised for 15 
yws. There ere no nasty 
surprises to grets you on 
arrivaL We have villas In 
Portugal. Souih of France. 
Gieafc blends - Corfu. 

Crete. Pasos. Also Ihe 
Potato Befcnome In holy. 
From the eery luxurious and 
expensive'- to Cite very 
dmpfe end modestly priced. 
Adi the vtUe specfaUsu for 
their brodnue - qulddy. 

«taat«x cv travel or 

m 43 Cedogen Street 
London SW3 2 PR 
Wffl 01-581 0851/ 
JS&ZA 01-5848803 
W* (5830132 -24 
S5S broctaraserrtoe) 


SELF-CATERING 



SIIPER 



PROPERTY TO LET 
LONDON 


DOMESTIC & CATERING 
SITUATIONS 


JtLBUVE- Lux villa with POM. 
ttpo 8 . Avail Aug/SeM. Of 409 
2838 VIHaWorld. 

VALE DO LOOO. 3 bans HU* 
wHh nooL Aval May - Od- Ftano 
OI 631 3829. 


SELF-CATERING 


KUBOU. Lux vine wtm poo). 
Sta 1. Avail Time to sent oi 
409 2838. VBlaWorkL 


SELF-CATERING 

TURKEY 


a wee fc reuxtng m our prtvate 
beacn noM. men a warn enae- 
inp en our yactu lor £360. me 
OL H/B. tree w.'spaciL.lwk & 
otnrr cDmMnewnB pass. Also 
(Its aoUr from £99. 01 326 


WINE BAR 
WAITER/ESS 

One of the UK's lop wine 
barW resmoaois requires 
waiier/ess. Monday io Fri- 
day lunefa limes only. 
Some evening work. Oui- 

S ’flg personality 8 must 
iiact Tiffany on 01 248 
1121. 


6000 SALARY OFFESED For an 

experienced couple to live in a 
uaunoia vtDa Souin of France. 
July Aupust Sepl e mOer or pref ■ 
eraOJy yearty. Husband vam 
dmer. Wife houselveeper COOK 
Knowleoae of Frrrtte aplus. 
Coll 01-236 92SO for appoim- 
ments. or 01-499 5146 


CHEstkrtons ^ 

— R E S IDEN T I A L— • ; ; J 


imcmiui STREET. SW1 
A bvpo and spacious three 
bedroom maisonette in this 
quiet tree Aned street. 
Recept room, kitchen/ 
breakfast rm. b a throom. 
Shower. Avail now on long 

co let csopw. 

Psnflco Office: 

81-834 9996 


NWIOl 3 bedroom send detached 
house, fumtilwd. c. h. 2 mint 
walk lo Dolta HUlIUbOn. £106 
pw Tel Mrs Reyn 01688 
1900 253 1407 office hours. 


EAST ANGLIA 


1 




sttuations wanted 


4 BED Period hs. aoprx 2 acres nr 
CTbrdae A Mi-Reos Hher mvtn 
flOOKono Quick sale Wknds. 
wkdays aneT4pm 0220 29319 


ACTIVITY HOLIDAYS 


SHARK nw w e House parties. 
t *8 people. Cornwall 
AuouH/SepL 0736 60186. 


\ roRNWALL 4 DEVON 

tdapa. 01-034 1647 AIM AMO. I 

***** 18/6 save CiOOpp. Lux 
apt OMl OMV £129. Also 96,6 
2 7 Slrena 0705 802814. 



says Harry Seconrbe 

xsooeofthe 1.000.000 

tfabeasintheUK.ram 

ashing yoo io gregHETDiiSj 

Dabettthas no known nne 


SELF-CATERING ITALY 



Tbc purpose which the 
ousters know ami serve 

From the centre which 
we call the race of men 

Let the Plan of Lovie 
andligbt work out. 

And may it seal the 
door where evfl dwells. 

Let Light and Love and 
Power restore the Pfan 
on Earth. 

World GoodwiD’ 

3 Whitehall Court 
London, SW1A2EF 


Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 
Stay in Switzerland 
at least unffltlre 
Sunday afterarrivaL 
Bookings and full 
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SPORT 

EQUESTRIANISM 


THE TIMES FRIDAY. 


1986- 


Glazzard holds 
on to qualify 


By Jenny MacArthnr 


Geoff Glazzard has quali- 
fied to compete in the remain- 
ing three days of the Royal 
International horse show at 
the National Exhibition Cen- 
tre m Birmingham after win- 
ning the opening class, the 
Norwich Mortgage Centre 
grades A and B championship, 
yesterday. 

Glazzard has three horses in 
the class, but his win came on 
the one horse not owned by 
bis sponsors — Pennwood 
Fleetline, an eight-year-old 
gelding bought as a yearling by 
Fred Haim “1 didn't really 
want him," HartiU said yester- 
day, “but he was part of a 
package of three yearlings and 
as I wanted the other two I had 
to have him." The horse has 
provided Glazzard with eight 
wins this season. 

With 15 other riders in- 
volved in eleventh-hour at- 
tempts to qualify for the rest of 
the show there was intense 
competition in yesterday's 
class. Nine horses reached the 
jump-off after a straightfor- 
ward first round over a course 
designed by Maureen 
Summers. 

Glazzard had expected it to 
be more difficult — two of the 
winter qualifying rounds were 
“much bigger". 


Peter Morphy, a young and 
determined rider, was drawn 
first in the jump-off on Blue 
Moon, John Whitaker's for- 
mer ride. He took a gamble, 
went like the wind and hit the 
last fence. Mark Hefier, the 
runner-up yesterday, then pro- 
duced a fruitless round on 
Saucy Brown but was immedi- 
ately overtaken by Glazzard. 

Despite a strong challenge 
from Michael Whitaker, on 
My Chester (Whitaker had 
already qualified for the 
show), and James Fisher, on 
Hasty Exit. Glazzard held his 
position. 

Pennwood Fleetline has, ac- 
cording to his owner, “more 
scope" than the great 
Pennwood Forge Mill. He 
caused concern last year when 
he began slopping — most 
notably at the Royal show — 
but his consistent perfor- 
mances this season suggest 
such behaviour is behind him. 
“There's not so much pressure 
on Fleetline now, because I've 
got a good team of back-up 
horses," Glazzard said. 

One of those is the 16-year- 
old, Sunorra, once ridden by 
Steve Hadley. Glazzard had to 
dash back to his home in 
Staffordshire after winning 
yesterday to collect the mare. 


BOXING 


American sparring 
partner for Bruno 


Frank Bruno's call for an 
American sparring partner has 
been answered by Rufus 
‘'Hurricane'* Hadleigh, an un- 
beaten heavyweight from Pater- 
son, New Jersey. 

Hadleigh stands 6ft 2in tan. 
weighs about 16st and is un- 
defeated in 10 professional con- 
tests. He will arrive on Monday 
to spar with Bruno in the final 
build-up to bis world champion- 
inst Tim 




July 19 . over to Lonoi 

. . . extra woricoui 

"We are lucky to get such an weeks before t 




outstanding fighter at short 
notice.” Bruno’s manager, Terry 
Lawless, said. Hadleigh, rated a 
top prospect in the United 
States, will be an ideal sparring 
partner for Bruno, who wifi 
make him earn every penny of 
his wages. 

James Broad will join the 
Bruno training camp as chief 
sparring partner at the end of the 
month and Lawless is negotiat- 
ing to bring the ninth-rated 


over to London to give Bruno 
extra workouts in the last two 
weeks before the bout 



the world championship age 
limit, is diligently pursuing 
squash lame from the opposite 
end of the spectrum. 


finishing A-level 


the leading lights of England's 
junior work! championship 
team in Australia in April and 
Slaney believes it would serve 
him similarly. 

Slaney plays Simon 


nst either 
imbledon. 


RACING; 1985 DERBY WINNER WILL NOT RACE AGAIN AFTER FAILING TO RECAPTURE BEST FORM 


He is not sure which horse he 
will ride tonight in the Mid- 
land Bank Championship for 
the King George V Cup, in i 
which Malcolm Pyrah will be j 
defending his title on ! 
Towerlands Anglezarke. 

In the Waterford Aynsley 
Lightweight Hunter Class tire- 
judge, Michael Tory, from the 
Port man Hunt in Dorset, 
awarded top honours to 
Gillian Sam's Taylor Made, a 
1 0-year-old gelding by Toma- 
hawk IV who was formerly 
produced by Davina 
Whiteman. 

Last year he had little 
success on the show circuit — 
“He was too far." Miss Sam 
said. This year, after less food 
and more exercise, he has had 
three reserve championships, 
most recently at the Midland 
Counties Show on Sunday. 

The middleweight class was 
won for the second year 
running by Robert Oliver on 
King's General, a seven-year- 
old gelding of great presence 
who has spent the winter 
hunting with the Ledbury. 

In the heavyweight class- 
Seabrook and Vin Toulsbn — 
beaten by Tyrone at the Three 
Counties earlier this week — 
gained revenge when they 
were pulled in first to be 
awarded their fifth win of the 
season. 

Later in the afternoon Rob- 
ert Smith celebrated his 25ih 
birthday with a decisive win in 
The Raffles Stakes on Sanyo 
Vista. Smith, one of Britain's 
most underrated riders, but 
without a horse to match his 
ability, will rely on Olympic 
Video, a 10-year-old, for the 
bigger classes at the show, 
including the King George V 
Cup tonight. 

His fine partnership with 
Sanyo Shining Example came 
to an abrupt halt when first his 
father, Harvey, and then his 
young brother, Steven, took 
over the ride. “The only way I 
could get another top horse is 
for an owner to offer me one," 
Smith said. 

RESULTS: Norwich Mortgage Cen- 
tre Winter Grades A gBCftampioii- 
ships: 1, Pennwood Reetline (G 
Glazzard), 0 in 3&37sec; 2, Saucy 
Brown (M Hefier), 0 in 33.49; 3. My 
Chester (M Whitaker), 0 in 33.90. 
The Waterford Aynsley Light- 
weight Hunter 1, Taylor Made (G 
Sant); 2, Aristocrat (J Rogers); a 
Mickey Springfield (P Bobbsi 
Middleweight 1. King's General (H 
Oliver): 2, Crowneen (B Bryan); 3, 
KUbroney (R Hargreaves), ffearvy- 
welght 1, Seabrook (V Tool son); 2, 

RockaU (J Osborne); 3; Tyrone (R 
Stack). Raffles Stakes: 1. Sanyo 
Vista (R smith) 0 in 45B6sec; 2 
Next Owen Gregory (M Whitaker). 0 
tn 46.72: 3. Sanyo Cadnica (H Smith) 

0 in 46.96. 


Respect 
to take 
control 
again 

ByMaodarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Respect, ridden by Put 
Eddery, the man in form, is 
napped to gain, his second 
Sandowq success of the season 
in today's Singapore Airlines 
Non-Stop Handicap. 

The former champion jock- 
ey was also on Ray Lading's 
three-year-old midway 
through last month when they 
won a similar race in some 
style. On that occasion noth- 
ing could get in a blow at them 
from halfway and Respect 
won unchallenged from 
Muhtaris. 

The 'winning margin was 
only 1*6 lengths but this does 
not reflect his superiority. 
Helawe, who finished third, 
now meets Respect on 61b 
better terms for three lengths 
which, in theory, should bring 
them much closer together. 
However, such was the ease 
with which Respect won, I 
fancy him strongly to have the 
upper hand again. 

■ After Sandown, Respect 
took on older horses at 
Goodwood where be feted 
extremely well against the 
likes of Laurie Lorman, Bollin 
Emily, Clantime and Bridge 
Street Lady. In the spring, 
three-year-olds are often run 
off their feet by older sprinters 
but not so Respect who earned 
precisely that by finishing 
third. 

Against that encouraging 
backcloth, I think that he 
should be capable of not only 
holding Helawe at bay again 
but also beating Rayhaan, who 
has been penalized for win- 
ning the Ring and Biymer 
Trophy in a blanket finish at 
Epsom eight days ago. 

Now that Jeremy Tree’s 
horses are running well again, 
(Eddery can warm up for the 



Gentle Persuasion 
brings Cauthen 
change of fortune 


Gentle Persuasion, owned by 
the Queen, made a smooth 
debut in the Kingsdere Slakes at 


running rail. Mackay said: “If it 
had been the old fashioned 
wooden runnirw rail and con- 


Philip, the probable favourite for today's Innovative Marketing Sprint Handicap at York 
following last month's impressive victories on Knavesmire and at Red car 


task of delivering the goods on 
my nap by winning the More 
Lane Maiden Stakes on 
Mytens. In his only race last 
year, my selection showed a 
lot of promise to finish third at 
Newbury in the Haynes, Han- 
son and Clark Stakes. This 
race has been a most reliable 
yardstick over the years and 
last season the runner-up was 
none other than Shabrastani. 

Today the hard core of 
Myten's opposition would ap- 
pear to comprise Amjaad, who 
cost his owner, Maktoum A1 
Maktoum. the princely sum of 
$6,500,000 as a yearling, and 
Miller's Dust. Amjaad fin- 
ished fifth behind Nino Bibbia 
on his only run at Newmarket 
while Miller’s Dust shaped 
with equal promise on his 
debut there, finishing sixth 
behind his better- fancied sta- 
ble companion, Verd- 
Antique. 

At York, I still give Philip a 
good chance of winning the 


Innovative Marketing Sprint 
Handicap over six furlongs 
even though his best form has 
been over only five. He has 
been in such total command 
towards the end of his last two 
races, which were here on 
Knavesmire last month and at 
Redcar, that I find it hard to 
believe be will not last the 
extra furlong this afternoon. 

A market move for Cather- 
ines Well before the Wings 
Holiday Handicap will be of 
no little significance. Last 
season she was heavily backed 
before each of the three races 
she won at Doncaster, New- 
market and Doncaster again. 
In contrast, there was no such 
confidence shown in the. ring 
on her re a ppearance at York 
last month when she was 
Obviously in need of the 
outing. 

El Conquistador, who was a 
costly failure first time out at 
Newmarket a fortnight ago, 
can retrieve those losses in the 


Merchant Adventurers Maid- 
en Stakes. He finished only 
fifth behind Actinium there 
but deserves another chance 
to live up to his home 
reputation. 

Finally, Sbarpetto's good 
win at Newbury on Wednes- 
day was a pointer to the 
chance that Paris-Tmf has of 
winning the latest race in the 
Mail on Sunday Series. My 
selection finished less than a 
length behind Sharpetto at 
York in May and has plenty of 
scope for improvement 

Course specialists 

YORK 

TRAINERS: C Neteon. 6 winners from 30 
runners. 2DVG Wraga 8 from 52, 15^%; 
J Hwfey. 7 (ram 59. 115%. 

JOCKEYS: T Qulm, 7 winners from 37 
tides. 163%; M HRs. 6 from 46, 1X0%; K 
Hodgson. 0 from Mil JSK. 

SANDOWN 

TRAINERS: H Cec*. 16 wfcmets from SB 
Turners. 305%; M Stoute. 37 from 146, 
253%; W Hem. 16 from 71, 25.3%. 
JOCKEYS: W Carson. 50 winners from 
233 Odes, 213V Pat Eddery. 40 from 
234. 17.1V W R Sntabum. ffi from 161, 
1&5V 


Newbury yesterday. She was the crete posts, l would bare been m 
third winner of the season - all hospital now. It's a good job it's 
trained by Ian Balding- for the a plastic fence and itgpve when 
. Queen, who will have only one we hit iL 1 thought my filly had 
runner at Royal Ascot next broken a leg at one stage and 
week, Insular, in the Queen’s that we were sure to come down. 
Vase. With a dear nm I think we 

: Steve Cauthen, enjoying a would have finished third.” 
change of luck at the meeting, The ‘ stewards interviewed 
produced Gentle Persuasion; a Mackay, Philip Robinson, the 
well fanned 1.00-30 chance, to rider of Indian Lily, and Simon 
lead entering the final furlong. Whitworth, who was on Candle 
She won by three-quarters erf 1 a In The Wind. They decided that 
length from the 33-1 chance, Indian Lily accidentally inter- 
Blue Tanga without being feted with Jay Gee Ell, who in 
aske&a:qoestioiL turn interfered whb dandle in 

kin Balding, who won the ibe Wind, also accidentally. 

. corresponding race 12' months Greville Starkey, without a 
ago with Storm Star, said: “We winner since his Salisbury dou- 
werequite optimistic after Cfaas^ Weon June 3, the day before the 
log Moonbeams ran so well Derby, ended that run with a 
a gaiuq Interval here yesterday, near 25-1 double on Grave 
heran$e Interval is supposed, to Dancer and While Clover, both 
be. Jeremy Tree’s, best .and trained by Guy Harwood; ■ 
Chasing Moonbeams is cer- Brave Dancer, odds- on 
tainly not our best” . favourite lor the Kennett 

.Balding, who trained both Maiden Stakes, got home by half 
dam and grand-dam of the a length from the Jeremy Tree- 
winner. added: “She. quickened trained newcomer Geitser. 
very nicely but is still very green Shibil, the first of Shergar's 
and' was pulling up when she progeny to see the light of day, 
saw the front She is in the was a hot favourite for the 
Cherry Hinton but I think she Childrey Maiden Stake* and 
probably wants seven furlongs.” looked sure to break bis duck 
The Sandown winner. Indian when Walter Swinburn sent him 


Lily, was a disappointing odds* 
on favourite, finishing fourth 
after swerving about in the final 
furlong and causing interference 
to. both Candle in The Wind 
(fiftb) and Jay Gee Ell (sixth). - 
Jay Gee EU and her jockey, 
Allan Mackay, both came back 
streaked in white from the 


a length from the Jeremy Tree- 
trained newcomer Geitser. 

Shtbil, the first of Shergar’s 
progeny to see the light of day, 
was a hot favourite for the 
Childrey Maiden Stakes, and 
looked sure to break his duck 
when Walter Swinburn sent him 
ahead three furlongs from 
home. But be bad no answer 
when Starkey .produced White 
Clover entering the final furlong 
and was trounced three lengths. 

White Clover was the first 
runner in England for the On- 
tario owner-breeder, Mrs Arthur 
Siollery. 


Slip Anchor is retired 


Last year’s Deity winner, 
Slip Anchor, nil] not race again 
and has been retired to stwL 

His trainer, Henry Cecil, said 
yesterday: “Since Sbp Anchor 
has not yet recapt u red Us 
brilliance of last year, I will now 
be usable to have hire ready for 
his abj e ctive, which was the 
King George VI and Qneen 
Elizabeth Dnuaosd Stakes. It is 
with regret that I have advised 
Lord Howard de -Walden to 
retire him to stwL" 

Sip Anchor pat op a memo- 


rable performance in last year's 
Epsom classic, leading through- 
out to come home seven lengths 
dear of hb nearest rival. His 
long-stridmg powerful action 
was well-suited to the forcing 
tactics that his jockey, Steve 
earthen, adopted. 

The son of Shirley Heights 
disappointed on his only bating 
this season when faffing by a 
neck tn beat Phardante in the 
Jockey Clnb Stakes. “It is more 
than likely that he mU stand at 
his owner's Plantation stnd, 
near Newmarket," Cedi said. . 




York selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Gulfland. 2-45 Steefock. 3. 1 5 Philip. 3.45 Catherines WeO. 4 1 5 
Parifr-Turfl 4,45 El Conquistador. 

i.. By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
Z 1 5. Gulfland. 2.45 Surely Great. 3.-15 MatoiL 3.45 Touch Of Grey. 

4. 1 5 Hymn Of Hariech. 4.45 Majestidan. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.15 Philip. . 


2AS EBF UNIVERSITY OF YORK TURF CLUB STAKES (2YO fiffias: 
£3,245: 5ft (6) ' • • . ; 

1- 241 LADY MT(0)(W Bast) MMcOonmcfc 9-1 

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Satellite 

choice 

deferred 

Two front-runners in the 
contest to deckle who will 
supply live raring by satellite to 
B main's betting shops remain 
confident of victory, despite the 
latest postponement . by the 
Racecourse Association. 

A decision was expected yes- 
terday after the RCA board had 
met on Wednesday to bear 
representations from ExteL Sat- 
ellite Raring Development and 
Mercury Communications. 


good io son. 




up their minds No date for an 
eventual announcement has 

been made. . . , 

The Satellite Racing Develop- 
ment group, backed by the 
bookmakers. Ladbrokes. Wil- 
liam Hill, Corals and Mecca, 
made a detailed presentation, 
highlighted by- a colour 12 - 
screen text and picture display 
of their service. 

Bob Green, chairman of 
Mecca bookmakers, said: ^Ob- 
viously. we are disappointed 
that the RCA did noi reach a 
final derision, but we are not 
surprised at the delay, and our 
plans remain unaltered. We are 
on schedule to begin satellite 
transmission by the end of the 
year." 

The Extef group, led by Bob 
Kennedy, have been supplying 
commentaries, belling shows 
and information from the 
course since 1963, and are 
equally optimistic. *[We made 
our presentation and it appeared 
to go very well." 

Mercury Communications 
chose ro make no comment. ' - 
























THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 IQftfi 


SPORT 


37 


TENNIS 



-■ik. 




falls to 
the sleepy 

the 
States 




Qy Rex Beffluny, Tennis CtHrespondeat 


The people who played and ' son to regard himself as a 
won m me Stella Artois Cham- promising youngster. By 2.45 
pionships at Queen's Club he was beginning to wonder, 
yesterday included Boris The even younger Becker, the 
Becker, Stefan Ed berg, Jimmy Wimbledon champion, was 
Connors, Tim Mayotte and hitting first services so tecnri- 


"■Sh 



Raul Annacona. The list reads 
like a roll-call of grass court 
specialists: men who could 
win Wimbledon or at least 
terminate the hopes of some 
fended contenders. 

. Predictably the people who 
played and lost included An- 
drew Castle, of Taunton, who 
is in his first year on the circuit 
and was ill at ease in the 
company be was keeping. 
Castle did well to get through 
two rounds. Yesterday he was 
beaten 6-4, 6-1 by Annacone, 
who reached the Wimbledon 
quarter-finals in 1984. 

Castle lost his service in the 
first game of each set and took 
only 1 1 points from 
Annacone's eight service 
games. There is not much 
profit in that sort of thing. 
Castle is unfamiliar with this 
class of tennis and, conse- 
quently, his ability and deter- 
mination are not yet 
supported by much assurance. 

He was a little too slow m 
his anticipation and therefore 
had to improvise 400 often. 
This was largely a question of 
inexperience. Castle, has to get 
to know players like 
Annacone and had better do it 
quickly because they wifi also 
get to know him. 

After the match Castle said 
he had found Annacone con- 
fusing to play. Most players 
do. The variations in 
Annacone's tennis is minimal: 
in one game he serves and 
volleys and in the next he 
chips, charges and, if he can, 
volleys again. He is always 


nal in their effect that they 
were like full stops preceding 
unwritten sentences. Becker 
was also throwing himself 
about, braising the pampered 
lawn and accumulating laun- 
dry problems. Becker was 
happy to be playing on grass 
again. This was the tennis he 
understood: demanding but 
uncomplicated. He won 6-3. 
6 - 1 . 


Connors, back in action 
alter a 10-week suspension, 
was playing from memory — 
and his memory was good. He 
looked trim, fit and sharp. His 
service returns had a punch 
and precision that took us 

back to the days of well, 

come to think of it, the days of 
the old and younger Connors. 
He was conceding more than 
12 years to Guy Forget but 
played as if it were the other 
way round. 

Forget stressed that impres- 
sion by playing five games as if 
he was still on shale. The 
Frenchman is also so long- 
limbed that messages des- 
patched from the mind 
arrived a little too late in his 
feet and his racket arm. He 
was beaten 6-1, 6-3. 

Paul McNamee knows his 
trade. But he had only one 
chance to break Heiberg’s ser- 
vice, could not take it and was 
beaten 7-5, 6-3. Edberg is a 
natural athlete who probably 
serves and volleys more flu- 
ently than anybody except 
John McEnroe (who is no 



GOLF 


Becker: accumulating laundry problems but making progress at Queen's Club (Photograph: Peter Llewellyn) 


CRICKET: NOTTINGHAMSHIRE GO DOWN WITHOUT A FIGHT 


IN BRIEF 


Slack plays a solid innings 
as Middlesex reach final 


By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 


Moorcroft 
second in 
comeback 


more than a 'memory pud a 
forward, always attack- . nunourX The snag about 
uaily confusing is the Edberg, as a potential Wim- 
bledon champion, is that his 
service returns do not inspire 
total confidence. 


casual air attached to his slick 
violence. 

Annacone always looks 
about one glass of red wine 
away from sleep. Yesterday, 
mind you, there was some 
excuse for him, because this 
was one of those lazy summer 
afternoons that seemed to be 
all sunshine and birdsong and 
bright colours. 

At 2.15 Simon Ycitil, of 


LORD'S: Middlesex beat Not- 
tinghamshire by five wickets. 

The final of the Benson and 
He dg es competition, to be 
played at Lord's on July 12, wifi 
be between Middlesex and 
Kent. Middlesex qualified yes- 
terday by beating Nottingham- 
shire, if not quite as they pleased 
at least with something to spare. 
Needing 190 to win they got 
them with 10 balls of their 55 
overs left and with five wickets 
standing. Alec Bedser gave 
Emburey the gold award for his 
bowling on Wednesday evening. 


driven Cooper (the best of the 
Nottinghamshire bowlers) to 
mid off Catting was run out. 


RESULTS: Man's angles, third 
round: S Edberg JSwb) bt P 
McNamee (AubL 7-5, 6-3: P 
Annacone (US) bf A Castle (GB), 6- 
4, 6-1; T Mayotte (US) bt D Pate 
(US), 7-e. 6-1; J S Connors (US) bt G 
Fbraa (fit 8-1, 63; R. KrisWiV 
(ln®a) bt M Freeman (US). 6-1 ,6-2; 
TlWfeai (US) bt T Nelson (US), 6- 
7. 7-0 13-11; 8 Bec*er.(WG) bt S 
You! (A us), 63, 6-1; R Seguso (US) 


There is more feinting to run by 
the striker these days than there 
used to be, partly no doubt 
because of the need to keep the 
score moving in one-day cricket 
Slade made as though to take a 
single to Randall at cover point; 
Gatling, who thought he was 
going to, turned in his tracks 
when he realized he was . wrong 
and was thrown out by 
Nottinghamshire’s ageless Wil- 
liam TelL 


moved from West Indies to be 
batting again with some kind of 
confidence. Between them they 
knocked off the remaini ng runs. 

Whenever the ball was 
pitched up Radley seemed to 
manage to work it, sometimes to 
thwack it, past or over mid off. 
Long may be continue to leave 
bis own distinctive stamp on the 
game. 


NOrnittHAMSHBIE: IBB tor B, 55 
overa(D W RandaU 65; J E Emburey 4 lor , 


Tasmania, -aged'^OflfadTear ' btDVisser(SA), 6-46-2. 


As will happen in the World 
Cup in India and Pakistan next 
year, though now by accident 
rather than by design, this was a 
one-day match divided between 
two- days. That is basically 
unsatisfactory, especially when, 
as was the case yesterday, the 
result is Surly predictable; 


Turnbull goes out 


.. Australian veteran, falter and was forced In the end 
Wendy Tmuboll, was soundly to scrape through the second set 
beaten by Larissa Savchenko, of 6-4. 


the Soviet Union, in the third 
round of the Dow Chemicals 
Classic women's tournament at 
Edgbaslon yesterday. The No. 3 
seed went down 7-5, 6-2 in a 
performance that saw her un- 
able to cope with the powerful 
Russian’s serve and volley 
tactics. 

Bui it was a totally different 
story for second seeded Bulgar- 
ian. Manuela Maleeva. She 
overwhelmed Niege Dias, of 
Brazil, 6-0. 6-0 in only 40 
minutes. The tenth seed, Alycia 
Moulton, of the United States, 
appeared to be heading for a 
similar victory over the South 
African qualifier, Etna Reinach, 
as she suept into a 64) lead. But 
then the American seemed to 


Another Sooth African quali- 
fier was more fortunate; Dinky 
. Van Rensbeig played a sec-saw 
match against Marcella Mesker, 
of The Netherlands, and found 
herself 5-3 down in the final seL 
Bui die rallied, broke service 
with Miss Mesker serving for 
the match at 5-4 and carried on 
tire momentum to win 6-3, 1-6, 
7-5. - 

Etsuko Inoue, of Japan, who 
is 106th in the world rankings, 
reached the last eight with a 6-1, 
6-2 victory over the West Ger- j 
man, Eva PfofE - ■ 

' THIRD ROUND: L Savchenko (USSR) MW 
TumbuM (Aus), 7-5. 6-2; M Maleeva (But) 
WN Oa8(at 6-0,6-0;AttoJtori(liS)M 
E Reinach ISA), 6-0. 64: E how (Japan) 
M E Pfatt fwG). 6-1 . 6-2; O Van Rarsbtrg 
(SA) M M Masker (Nett* 63, 1-6, 73. 


For Nottinghamshire to have 
defended a total of 189 in lovely 
weather (can the summer really 
have started?) and on a good 
pitch, something fairly remark- 
able would have bad to happen. 
In the event, after Slack and 
Miller had added 89 in 28 overs 
for the first wicket, Middlesex 
did their best to make a dose 
finish of it. This although Rice 
was expensive and Hadlee took 
only one wickeL 


In the last over before lunch 
Randall was in the picture again 
when he caught Sack in the 
covers. Slack had played solidly 
enough, after a rather uncertain 
start, to interest the selectors. He 
and Radley were Emburey’s 
rivals, lor the gold award. 
Butcher is another whose bat- 
ting (36 in 37 balls) suggested 
that he, too, might make runs 
for England at Headingley next 
week; but, as is his wont, he was 
out to an over-ambitious stroke, 
hooking at Hadlee in Hadlee’s 
last over. - 


MIDDLESEX 

A JTMMere Pick b Copper 
WN Stack e Randal brace. 

M W Getting run out 


R O Butcher to w b Hadtee . 
CT Radley not out. 


27 

65 

3 


P R Downton rwi out . 


J£ Emburey not out. 
Extras (to 8) 


36 
36 
.. 3 
15 

- a 


Total (5 wkts. 53^ overs) . 


193 


FALL OF WICKETS; 1-59. M2, 3-116 4- 
144.5-155. 

BOWUNG; Haflaa 1 1-337-1: Cooper 11- 
4-22-1; Pick 10-1-444fcHemniinga 11-2- 
34-ttRee 102-058-1. 


SECOND XI 
CHAMPIONSHIP 


Three runs after Miller, an 
admirable substitute for Barlow 
though without, as yet, quite the 
same freedom of stroke, had 


This was with 10 overs left 
and 46 needed. When, two overs 
later, Downton was also run 
out — a misfield by Robinson 
on the leg side had sewed the 
seeds of a misunderstanding — 
Nottinghamshire must have 
thought that they might still do 
it. But Radley is playing not as 
though he is 42 but 24, and 
Emburey, is far enough rc- 


OU NorthamptoriKM: Middlesex 196 (G | 

Bro«^5i7md39torona. Northane 261 the principles of sporting tow, 
(A C Storto 111). Waaton-S u pei- Mare. j he Said. 


Somerset 127 (P M Twteefl 4 tor 29 and 13 
tor 2; Gtouceetersrwe 229 tor 9 dec IM S 


Turner 4 tor 57). Knowle and Dqithqk 
L ntawtarettre 271 


J Lord 5 tor 84) 


I and 211 tor 9 wkts.(G 
Warwickshire 144 |M 


Robinson 6 tor 88V CoBtaghem: Defy 

‘ "1 tor /: 


shire: 181 [R Sharma 74) and 141 _ 
Nottinghamshire; 153 (C W Scott 6& D 
MaJcokn 5-34). 


Universities rise to challenge 


By Alan Gibson 


POLO 


Cowdray Park win 
through Withers 


THE PARKS: Combined 
Umvisities. with seven wickets 
standing* are 225 runs behind 
the Indians. 

It was a fine morning, and tbe 
laigest crowd I have seen in the 
pane for 10 years or more 
assembled to enjoy it. The 
Universities won the toss and 


Lambe. who had opened the 
innings with him, had batted 
neatly, if more quietly, and was 
second out, caught in the slip for 
77 at 208. Both these wickets fell 
to Rutnagur, tbe son of Dicky 
Rutnagur, and he had worked 
hard for them. None of the other 
bowlers looked as good except 


put die -Indians in.’ There was Davidson, h depressed roe that 
some splendid baiting. The (he fielding, while enthusiastic. 


The five-chukka. 15-goal 
Royal -Windsor Cup tour- 
nament opened on tbe 
Ambersham Number Three 
ground at Midhurst, Sussex, 
yesterday, with the match be- 
tween Cowdray Park (received 
%) and Richard Guess's team, 
the Greyhounds. Cowdray won, 
6'/2-S. 

The Greyhounds 1 were 
pivoted on the eight-goal Brazil- 
ian player, Silvio Novaes, who 
plays number three in 
Cowdray's high-goal line-up. 
Novaes was drawing on Lord 
Cowdray's Chilean ponies, 
brought over by the rantini 
brothers last year, and opened 
the Greyhounds' account 

Novaes’s leadership kept the 
Greyhounds ahead until half- 


By John Watson 

time. Then, after a couple of 
goals from tire mallet of Paul 
Wiibers (who, in the third 
chukka, was astride Myth, the 
home-bred pony on which -be 
starred in the Tudorbury match 
last Tuesday), Cowdray Park 
trailed by only half a goal . 

Changing to his good brown 
Archie in the fourth; Withers's 
next: 

which they never losi. 


derision of the Universities' 
captain, Thorne, could only be 
construed as an act of courtesy 
to the crowd, since the pitch 
looked, and played, easily. 

The first wicket did not fen 
until 180, when Srikkanth was 
bowled, attempting to drive, at 
Rutnagur. He had played a 
splendid innings, though be bad 
given a couple of chances. Fifty- 
eight of his . runs came in 
boundaries. 


was not skilled. This is the 
department in which University 
sides should always be expected 
to excel!. 

Pa til, who was dropped at five 
and 50, and Azharuddin carried 
on contentedly until 321, when 
Patfl was stumped by Brown. At 
339, Azharuddin was bowled for 
54. At tea. India declared at 348 
for 4. 

Hagan, from Northumber- 
land, who played for Oxford last 


war but did not get a Blue, and 
Bail, from Burnham on Sea, 
who learned most of his cricket 
at MDlfields and played several 
times last year for Somerset, 
opened tbe innings for the 
Universities, and did very well 
I had to leave the Press box 
for a while in order to telephone, 
and returned with the doleful 
certainty that there would be 
five wickets down, in quarter of 
an hour: but not at alL They had 
50 up in the eleventh over, not 
from snides and nudging but 
from compelling strokes. 

MKA: first Innings 
Raman Lambe e Thome b HuSnagv . 77 

K Snkkanth b Davidson 113 

M Azharuddin b Davidson 74 

SM Patti st Brown D Golding 60 

* Kapil Dev not out 5 

tCSF 


tC 5 Panto not out 


Extras(b2.toB,w1,nb1) . 

Total(4v4ctsdec) 


13 


.348 


COWDRAY PARK: 1. T UMar (OK 2. C 
fc.MGfc» 


Pearson fife 3, P Wittes (7); Back, I 

GREYHOUNDS: 1.R Guess 00:2, N&nra ! 
Qk 3, S Nomas (8k Back. GW&ddknbxi 


Defeated Canada face 
stem character test 


FAREOROnmm TROPHY: Rosamunds 
10. Royal County o I Berkshire 8. 

DORCHESTER WARWCKSMRE CUP. 
Rio Pardo 6. Los Locos & Falcons 8. 
Kennelot Stables 6. 


FOR THE RECORD 


BASEBALL 


LaMond jUBL One betted; 3. H Ruwknaan i 


NORTH AMERICA: Mctooal IMW Atlanta 
Brews 2. San Francisco GfcmsiISm Dugo 
PMMll.HoMlPn Astras ?: New Vorti Mws 

■■■■■■ChCH) cutejjre 
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KnewSwt (Nam. 1 » 5 , lasec 


(Cam. 14 gk behiwfc 7. B Hneu* (Rfc 
15 mc barere* 


Prabugn Pirates ft 
Loua Camws a U 
Onconsa Rada «. ' 
mom (Males «. 


SSW 


8. C Bento (Frt. D Kydgr 
10. F ChfcxicM 


both 17ssc beWntfc 


[gE^L! 

Rea Sea 3 . Tc. 



GLIDING 




CtoMrisnd . 

'.NBNT von venues 3; 

^ 

Rangers B. Mnnesota TMns a 


By Mike Berry 

Canada's cricketers, a consid- 
erably better bet than their 
country’s footballers, face an 
early test of character against 
Tbe Netherlands in . the ICC 
Trophy, cricket's mini-World 
Cup. today. Runners-up in the 
.1979 event, which earned 
matches against. England, 

Australia, and Pakistan in the 
Prudential Cup. Canada re- 
ceived a surprise defeat in 
Wednesday's opening round. 

Not only were they- beaten, 
bin tbe unforeseen setback came 
at the hands of their dose rivals, 
the United States. Canada regu- 


K More, RMH EHnny. M Prabtekar. N 
S Yalta* and Msnsxfer Singh dU not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-180. 2-203. 3-322. 
4-348- 

BOWUNG: Davidson 22-1-81-2: Scott 12- 
1 -71-0; Rutnagur 13-1 -88-1 ;GokSng 17-0- 
74-1; ThomeT-1-25-0. 

COHBBED UMVERSmSSs First I 
D A Hogan e Lainba b Marandar - 

P A C Bail c ard b Uanmder 52 

D J Fefl tow b Manmder 0 


CRICKET 


93J3w ri _uoo°i*»t.'2. | Tarly contest the K.Auiy Trophy 

ag^nst the Americans, arid have 

s»ward.yertitf. azj^«^ aa5.j0¥®oifc i_, c| not lost in lhe fixture for nme 

years. Last summer, they also 


Ganon, 1968:2, B SpwMay, LSai 
Will. 1S7&4, SFUrfvWt ASwMoZO, 


: India 147 

tor8^CMn73;.WMMNonacRarg?»amy 


RJonsAiasa 




SPEEDWAY 


2lor 17) 


CYCLING 


LEAGUE CUR; Kafr Ljm 39. Oa«V Hate) 

39 . 

Long 


MATtONAL 
Mldanh*U 0. 


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1*5 na*M, HanorWra to Cattrca; Coloirtifin 
onlHB statacQ 1. A Cj unwgo . a<r Aflnin 
Thus. 2. P MfehH. 40 KCMIM a A 
CMzttra. BMkmr, 4. V BaMs (SM.43 aeo 

^ E ,frsiSL"g,'sa: 0 rl 

Corrado, ftmn Stoac bound: a O 
Hwnandn. 458 baMxt 4. 1 Ctvrodor. 543 

Bum. rar i4nMn 30 mc 2. 5 Joogfwv 3. D 
Ctafk; A N WtthmS. J HenwCMDnto. 
a UM ftp*. Owafl (tdlwthM - 


SWIMMING 


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5SS. 1B»b 1. D 

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jw ‘UnHS SSesT kaw 
eaggi: 2.jB Srot fe234g (Scomo junior [ some 200 registered clubs and a 


beat the United States in an 
Atlantic Triangular Tour- 
nament m Bermuda. 

Their demise err route to a 
miserable total of 79 and a 72- 
run defeat was set in motion by 
Jefferson Miller, a lawyer’s 
assistant aged 24, from New 
York. He took a hat-trick in his 
third over. 

New York, together with 
.California and Chicago, are the 
strongholds of cricket in the 






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M. 


TENNIS 


mg rrmnH i. G mmiwm (Mann, WP-ASa. 

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64. a- 


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mntt M JBto (Aral W F Gtncetod 
2- Sw on d -WMiASCan tfto) bt £ 

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5^, 7*. frft P CTO(T0 « C ft) 

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heavy expatriot influence, 
mainly of West Indian, PaJd- 
; stani, and Indian origins. Miller 
himself came from Barbados in 
1£76._ . 

Canada also have a West 
Indtou flavour, and - in Derek 
| Etwaroo, ah . ofTspinoer, they 
l love a player rriated by mar- 


riage to Rohan KanhaL 

Roy Taylor, the Canadian 
manager, admitted: 

"Wednesday's defeat was a big 
setback, but Pm still confident 
that we can qualify for the semi- 
finals and our game against Tbe 
Netherlands now takes on extra 
importance." 

Two more sides determined 
to improve on their opening 
showings are Fiji and Papua 
New Guinea. Both were crushed 
by more than 200 runs against 
Bermuda and The Netherlands. 
Israel play- their first fixture 
against Fiji, while Papua meet 
the cock-a-hoop Americans 

Arguably, the top game of the 
day Is at the Grin and Coton 
Ground in Nuneaton, where 
Bermuda's fiery pace attack, 
spearheaded by the strapping 
Anthony Edwards, a Jamaican- 
born bowler deserving of the 
nickname “Pacer", is ratted 
against Hong Kong and Simon 
Myles, the Mansfidd-born bats- 
man who hit a record-breaking 
172 off 127 bafts against Gibral- 
tar on Wednesday. 

Observers - at Bridgnorth 
purred in admiration at a stylish 

display, and Myles, aged 20, is 
tipped to follow Dennot Reeve, 
of Sussex, a Hong Kong player 
in the 1982 event, into the 
County game. He has already 
played for both Derbyshire and 
Warwickshire Us. Less com- 
plimentary were the Gibraltar- 
ians. They thought that Myles 
had been caught behind the 
wicket when he was still some 
way offihis century. 


COM Tooley not out . 


*D A Thome not out 


Extras (to 2. nb 2) . 
Total (tor 3 wku) 


UEFA’s investigation came 
after the Italian federation ac- 
cused Viola, a Christian Demo- 
crat senator, of involvement in 
the scandal. 

• Beiis, of Seville, took a step 
towards winning the Spanish 
League Cup by defeating Barce- 
lona l-Q in their semi-final first 
leg at home. The Argentinian 
forward, Calderon, scored from 
a free kick in the seventeenth 
minute. Seville maintained the 
pressure through the first half to 
try to build a dearer lead for the 
second leg at Barcelona’s Nou 
Camp stadium tomorrow. 

Barcelona applied pressure of 
their own after the injured 
Caidenki was substituted ai 
half-time. But the European 
Cup finalists, deprived of all 
their top players, railed to score 
despite their relentless attacks. 
YACHTING: Robin Knox- 
Johnston kept the British chal- 
lenge to the fore on the fourth 
day of the Carlsberg double- 
handed transatlantic race. His 
60ft catamaran. British Airways 
I. was leading the race 720 miles 
out from Plymouth and a 
quarter of the way to the finish 
line at Newport, Rhode Island. 
Knox-Johnston. the only skip- 
per from the leading bunch to 
choose the longer northerly 
route, remained ahead of his 
nearest rival, Royale. 

HOCKEY: Surbiton won the 
Surrey Cup after defeating 
Guildford 2-1 at Fdiham. 
Guildford scored first through 
Cariey. from a short corner. 
Surbiton bit back via Francis, 
also from a short corner, and 
Waller. 


.123 


D G Pitoo. R S Rutnagur, A K Gokfeng. 
tA D Brown. A M G Scan, J S Davtoson to 

tXL 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-80. 242. 3-95. 
Umpires: H J Rhodes and R A Whtta. 


CROQUET 


Gloncs y Leics 


. > 73 rum 

AT HARftO BATE 
LEICESTERSHIRE 
R A Cobb e sub b Bai 
R A Potter cWnghtb 
I P Buktoar c Sirwold b _ 

J J WMatar b Bairtondga 
Boon c Athay b Bradbum 
*P Wffley b 


PA J 0s Fredas s* flussaU 

bBartarttge 
WK M Benjamin run oto 
tPWhawaaanaout 


P Agnew b BainixRjge 


L Tennant bWateb 


Extras (to 4, nr 9) 
Total (53-4 overs) 



N Zealand are 
primed for 
the big match 

. By Keith Mackliu 


Lyle swept aside 
by high winds 
as scores rocket 


From Mitchell Platts, Southampton, Long Island 


Sandy Lyle became a victim 
of atrocious conditions as he 
struggled to a first round of 78 in 
the 86lh United States Open on 
the Shin-necock HiOs course 
here yesterday as the American, 
Bob Tway, took the early lead 
wiih a level-par score of 70. 

The prospect of there being 
only one winner, the course, 
became a formality as the wind 
gusted up to 50m ph and tbe rain 
slanted across the exposed fair- 
ways. “This course is tough if 
it's calm and 80 degrees.” Tway 
said. “Today yon could only 
think about survival." 

Tway, who has risen lo prom- 
inence this year by winning the 
Andy Williams Open in Feb- 
ruary and the Westchester Clas- 
sic last Sunday, had 10 single 


friend, but he was betrayed by 
missing from three feet at the 
sixth, where he look three putts. 

The dream of following in the 
footsteps of Tony JaCklm, who 
won the British Open in 1969 
then the US Open M months 
laier. was fast becoming a 
nightmare. He missed the green 
at the short seventh, taking three 
from out of the fluffy rough 
then struck his drive 50 yards off 
line at the ninth to drop another 
shot. 


E uus. Greg Norman, of Ausira- 
a 


ia, completed an excellent 71 
but Bernhard Langer. of West 
Germany, out in 39, also found 
life difficult 

Tbe fourth hole measures 408 
yards, since it was decided to 
build a new tee 30 yards further 
back, and a fairway bunker to 
the right is designed to catch the 
errant drive. Lyle missed the 
fairway, comprehensively, and 
the bunker. From the moment 
he found the ball, some 50 yards 
right of the fairway and nestling 
under the lower branches of a 
hedge, the snuggle for survival 
gan in earnest 

He had started well enough, 
albeit with the assistance of a 
1 2ft putt for his par at the short 
second, but as he picked his ball 
up to take a penalty drop it 
became abundantly clear that 
this was not to be his day. Lyle 
eventually left the fourth green 
with a six on his card. He 
courageously holed a second 
putt of nine feet at the next to 
salvage a par. There was hope, 
as long as his putter remained a 


Lyle, out in 40. which is five 
over par. had missed tbe fair- 
ways with five of his seven 
drives and he had failed to hit 
the target with his tee shots at 
the short second and seventh 
holes. He was not alone in 
succumbing to the elements. But 
as the rain came, to mix with the 
wind, so his spirit was shaken. 

Bob Eaks, the first man to tee 
off, returned an 85 and Wayne 
Smith and Thomas Cleaver, 
who partnered Eaks, each took 
77. To them, however, the 
course and the conditions repre- 
sented an examination al- 
together too foreign to handle. 
Lyle's demise was far less 
predictable. He had turned a 
drama into a crisis and that 
crisis continued as he took six at 
the tenth (409 yards) and four at 
the short Mth. 

Kenny Knox, an American 
who won for lhe first time in his 
career at the Honda Classic 
earlier this year, displayed 
commendable resilience. He 
was two under par after only 
five holes, a marvellous perfor- 
mance taking everything into 
account, ana he faltered only 
over the dosing stretch. Knox 
completed a 72, which was a 
reasonable platform on which to 
build a challenge for the 
championship. 


David Moorcroft finished sec- 
ond to another Briton. Steve 
Crabb. in a mile in Goteborg last 
night in his first race since the 
Los Angeles Olympics (Pat 
Butcher writes). In a relatively 
slow race, Crabb won in 3m in 
59.04sec, with Moakcroft sec- 
ond ia 4:03.45, and Jama Aden, 
of Somalia, third in 4:05.79. 
FOOTBALL: Dino Viola, presi- 
dent of the Italian club, Roma, 
says he wants to stay on as chief 
despite a bribery scandal that 
brought punishment. The 
Union of European Football 
Associations (UEFA), meeting 
in Zurich, barred Viola from 
European competition for four 
years and his team for tbe next 
season. 

Tbe sanctions followed a 
probe by UEFA's Control and 
Disciplinary Commission into 
the alleged bribing of Michd 
Van trot, a French referee, at the 
Rome-Dundee United semi-fi- 
nal in the European Cup two 
years ago. 

Viola said in a statement that 
he was sure he could vindicate 
faimsdf in the eyes of the team’s 
supporters. “They know well 
that all my life, I have always 
acted wrtb correctness and hon- 
esty, respecting and reinforcing 


Course record 
rewards Brand 


From Mel Webb, Jersey 


A change of mind brought a 
remarkable reward for Gordon 
Brand junior in the Jersey Open 
championship at La Moyc yes- 
terday. Brand was originally 
scheduled to be playing in the 
Swedish match-play champion- 
ship this week, but derided at 
the last moment to come here 
instead. He compiled a first 
round of 62, which is 10 under 
par. breaking the course record 
by three shots. 

Brand has had a good year 
and is fourth in the Epson order 
of merit. But although acknowl- 
edged as one of the finest 
sinkers off tee and fairway in 
Europe, he has sometimes 
lacked the fine edge on and 
around the green that he showed 
yesterday. 

His round contained four 
eagles — a European PGA tour 
record — and four birdies, but 
his course record could have 
been lower. He was prevented 
from breaking 60 only when he 
dropped shots at two short holes 
and missed an eight-foot putt at 
the 15th. 

“It was fun.*' Brand said. “I 
just could not believe iL I*ve 
never done well here before 
either — I've usually spent the 
week on the go-kart track or 
fishing.” 

The Bristol-based Scot, aged 
27. had a fine start. He hit an 
eight-iron to within three feet at 
the first hole (159 yards), then, 
at the 518-yard second, he holed 
a 20-foot pun for his first eagle. 
He saved another shot at the 


fifth and, at the next, a six-iron 
second shot hit the pin and 
landed three feet from the hole. 
One putt saved two more 
strokes to par to help him to the 
turn in 31. 

His third eagle was probably 
the most extraordinary of the 
lot. a 25-yard chip climbing a 
|2-foot hill at the back of the 
green before rolling back into 
the hole to put him eight under 
par. He dropped a shot at the 
next but recovered with a 35- 
foot putt at the 16th for his 
fourth eagle. A par then a birdie 
at the last put Brand in the 
clubhouse with a five-stroke 
lead. 

Later on, a challenge to Brand 
was mounted by the Australian. 
Rodger Davis, the recent winner 
of the Whyte and Mackay PGA 
championship, with a 64 and 
John Morgan, aged 42, from 
Liverpool, who produced eight 
birdies in a round of 65. 

Less happy was Paul Way, 
whose wretched season contin- 
ued when he had to drop out of 
the tournament with a back 
injury only two hours before he 
was due to tee off. 

EARLY FIRST-ROUND LEADERS: (GB 
unless natedt Kfc G Brand vr. Me R 
Darts (Aus); 65: J Morgan: 67: S Bennett. 
H SoradskJ (USh N Hansen, j Anderson 
(Can); 68: D A Russell. K Ctor (USt G 
Ti/ner (HZ). M Klnn. H dark; 0ft A 
Chantey. P Senior (Aus), P Hwnson. C 
Moony. V Somers (Aus). R Lae. M 
Johnson. M James. J rtafl. F NotNto (NZk 
70: P Thomas. W Humphries, A Broad- 
way. A Stubbs. D Ray, v Lane, G Turner, 
M McLean. D J Russet 71: R Boxen. D 
Cooper, j Gonzalez (Br). T Horton. R 
Oromvd: 


Johnson through with 
a little bit of luck 


ByJohnHemiessy 


FALL OF WtCKETSn-19. 2-50. 341. 4- 
119.5-149,6-154.7-182,8-184.9-186. ID- 
197. 

BOWIMG: Satoebury 8-2-24-1: Burrows 
5-2-19-0: Batobrtdps 1 1 -3-38-6: Payna 10- 
0-33-0; Tomlins 6-1-18-0: Bnxtoum 60- 
33-1; Walsh 7.4-628-1. 

3 GLOUCESTERSHIRE 
A WSmwUcButthsrb Tenant — 29 
A J Wrttht c Vmt&casa b Benjamin — 12 

CWJ Afiv»y b Sansamn .'ll 0 

P c UVhrttease b Potter _ 22 

KTort&sBsbftStttr 0 

I Payne c Boon bWBey 17 

GBiadburocBeiteminbWBM 9 

tR Rusted c WhituCBfle b Oe Freitas . 14 

C Walsh c Bufchw b Wtey 1 

D A Burrows not out — — 0 

G E Satosoury b Wliey 1 


E*tr» ( b 4. to 3, * 5, nb 1) — — _13 
124 


Total ( 41 vo ter s) 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-12. 2-22. 3-58. 4- 


61. 662. 6-104, 7-118. 8-123. 9-123. 10- 
134 

BOWUNG; Aonsw 5-1-11-0; Bettemto 5- 
1-11-2; Tenrart 8-1 -2S-1; Pe FmwM- 
3fr1: WMby 10.5-3-16-4; Potter 4-6-15-2. 


New Zealand travel to 
Cheltenham tomorrow to face 
Great Britain, the holders, 
boosted by a conclusive victory 
over Australia in the first inter- 
national of the Westwood series 
for tbe MacRobertson Shield at 
the Bowdon Club, Cheshire. 

On tbe third day yesterday 
New Zealand quickly increased 
their 5-1 overnight lead when 
Bob Jackson decisively defeated 
Neil Spooner, the Australian 
captain, with a finely executed 
triple peel in the first game. 

By contrast there was some 

indifferent play m the match 
between Damon Bidertcope, of 
Australia, and his opponent 
Roger Murfitt, who took five 
and one-quaner hours to play 
their first game. Murfitt 
emerged the wjnner. 

Bidencope salvaged some 
Australian pride when he took 
the next same in 50 minutes, but 
New Zealand emphasized their 
superiority, and the strength of , 
their challenge to Great Britain, 
when Paul Stanley stylishly beat 
George Lathatp 2-0. 


Patricia Johnson, who bad 
been granted a reprieve the day 
before, won through two rounds 
of tbe British women's amateur 
championship to reach the last 
eight at West Sussex, 
Pulborough. yesterday. Her 
third round opponent will be 
Louise Briers, one of three 
marauding Australians still in 
the field. 

Miss Johnson, the English 
strokeplay champion, should 
have been involved in a play-off 
among six players on Wednes- 
day evening for the tost five 
places in the match-play draw, 
but one player foiled to answer 
the call to tbe tee, so that Miss 
Johnson qualified in 32nd, and 
last place. 

She rode her luck yesterday to 
beat Jill Thornhill, who had 
succeeded her as English 
maichplay champion Iasi 
month, by one hole and then 
overcame a Canadian of Anglo- 
Malaysian descent Joy McAvoy 
at the 16th. 

Mrs Thornhill conceded the 
first three holes with some 
uncharacteristically loose golf, 
but we recaled that she won the 
final of the English at Prince's 
from precisely the same 
disadvantage. 

It was no surprise, therefore, 
when she came to the I8ih only 
one down and hit two glorious 
woods on to the green. Miss 
Johnson meanwhile drove into 
a bunker and secured the im- 
probable half she needed only 


by way of a putt “from bloody 
miles away", as her opponent 
colourfully put il it was all of 18 
yards from the back fringe and 
struck with such pace that the 
ball hit the back of the hole, 
leapt into the air and dropped 
obediently back in. 

In three previous attempts 
Mrs Briers, the Victorian cham- 
pion, has never before got 
beyond the first round 

Ireland lost all four repre- 
sentatives, including the bolder, 
Lillian Behan, but Claire 
Hourihane was desperately un- 
lucky to meet Marie-Lame 
Taya, the French champion, in 
her most brilliant form. Miss 
Hourihane was round in 69. two 
under the formidable par of 71, 
and was still beaten at the 18th. 
No wonder the French maintain 
that Mrs Taya is the best woman 
player in Europe, amateur or 
professional. 

RESULTS: Fbst rotmefc P Johnson bt J. 
THomhfl. om hole: J McAvoy (Car) bt T 
Hammond.6 and 5; V Thomas M E Ortay 
at 19th: L Briers (Aus) bt 6 
Fr). 2 hates; C Pierce bt M 


McKenna. 2 end 1; H Wbdswortti bt E 


M C Navarro (^btH 


Greenwood 


l hde; E 


i^\>uMa(t^ 3j Sid a cVtorihtmlbt 


C Dotty. 2 notes; R LautanB (Swta) j* j 
H#. Sand 4; L Bohan bt M Koch (WGt at 

19tftEMaxweltAus)MCCaldwNl.4aid 


at 


Second rooMt Johnson bt 
McAvcu 3 end 2; Briers bt Thomas, at me 
19th: Pearce bt Wadsworth. 1 hole: 
Kennedy M Navarro. S end 4; Taya bt 
Houeitwne. 1 hole- Lautens bt Behan. 1 
hole; Maxwell bt Duckworth. 3 and 2: 
McGuire bt Smwe. at 20th 


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SPORT 


SJ THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 - — ^ — ■ — 

FOOTBALL THE DOUBLE AWAKENING AS ROBSON'S MEN AND MOROCCANS SNAP OUT OF IT IN THE GROUP THEY CALLEDSLEEg 


The clipping of 


wings puts 
England back 


on flightpath 


From Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent, Monterrey 


The World Cup finals had 
been «>ing to sleep is the 
soporific teat and humidity of 
this northern industrial city. 
For nine days even the so- 
called “Los Animates", the 
followers of England, had 
been quiet, subdued and rela- 
tively unobtrusive. The group 
that had been almost disre- 
garded because of the tedious, 
negative and inhibited fixtures 
it had produced was apparent- 
ly about to draw to a peaceful 
close. 

But on Wednesday after- 
noon Atlas shrugged and 
dropped the globe. Two sides, 
who had wandered around as 


if in a trance, awoke with a 
start. 

No one had envisaged a 
final table with Morocco, the 
outsiders from North Africa, 
standing on the peak. More 
than a few had not pictured 
England immediately below 
them either, not with any 
conviction anyway. The play- 
ers maintained their optimism 
but that was only to be 
expected. They admitted that 
there would be little point in 
taking part if they did not go 
out clinging to hope. 

English sides, on the foot- 
ball field at least, will never be 
short of bean, character and 
spirit. Bobby Robson's repre- 
sentatives retained those qual- 
ities against Portugal and in 
particular after they had been 
reduced to 10 men against 
Morocco, and they took them 
out again to complete their 
programme against Poland. 

That was never the flaw in 
England's challenge. It was the 
tactics, and the individuals 
who were asked to carry them 
out, that had left them “half- 
way out", as Robson con- 
cedes. Yet, disturbingly, he 
states that “if we were going 


back home on an aeroplane 
now, I would say that we had 
done our best and 1 wouldn't 
have changed a thing". 

It is ironic that the loss of 
his namesake persuaded him 
to rearrange his designs from a 
4-3-3 formation to 4-4-2. The 
numerical weakness in mid- 
field of the 4-3-3 was tempered 
by the contribution of Bryan 
Robson, the captain who ful- 
filled a dual role. He was the 
defensive bell winner and the 
attacking threat. 

But Bryan Robson has not 
been himse lf so far on the tour 
and he may not become so 
before it ends. England’s man- 
ager will say no more than “he 
is a member of the 22-man 
squad until the next game". 
He was not prepared to en- 
large on the ominously brief 
statement and he instructed 
the player to follow his muted 
example. 

Bobby Robson was equally 
discreet about his line-up 
against the Poles. The players 
themselves were informed 
only shortly before noon, a 
delay that is almost unprece- 
dented over the last four years. 
But the squad did not need to 
be told how significant the 
result might be for them, the 
nation and the domestic game. 

Epitaphs were being pre- 
pared about the death of 
English football. The old argu- 
ment about the unbearable 
physical demands of an unrea- 
sonably busy schedule were 
being dusted down and there 
was even speculation about 
the future of Bobby Robson. 
His players, snarling with 
collective determination, 
sensed that be was under 
increasingly heavy pressure. 

Hoddie, though he desper- 
ately wanted to take over as 
the central creator in mid- 
field, decided not to ask for 
tbejoband burden the manag- 
er with his request He waited 
instead and was disappointed 
only to find that Waddle, his 
dub colleague at Tottenham 
Hotspur, bad become an inad- 
vertent victim of his own 
fortune. 

“I have never known such a 





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Three-dimensional figure: Lineker salutes the treble that proved Eng la nd 's Mdiac 


dose bunch," Hoddie said. 
“Even though we played some 
special stuff in the first half 
and to win was wonderful, the 
wannest feeling for me was 
after foe end. When we were 
sitting there, shattered, in the 
dressing room, those who did 
not play were so dated and 
chu/red for us.” 

It was a genuine all-round 
team performance. Lineker, 
who matched Hum's achieve- 
ment of scoring three goals in 
a World Cup finals tie but has 
yet to receive foe match ball, 
stood out but only marginally 
above Beardsley. They left 
more than a few pounds of 
perspiration behind on the 
turf of foe Universitario 
stadium. 

The most encouraging area 
was the midfield. Balanced, 
flexible and varied, foe line of 
four gave England cohesion 
where previously the links had 
been broken. Hodge and Ste- 
ven, the youngsters who pro- 
vided the width on either 


flank, were bright and fresh. 
So was the ageing Reid, until 
his stamina understandably 
began to fade. 

Reid, though as effusive in 
his delight as anyone during 
the celebrations m the team 
hotel, stressed that “we 
shouldn't go overboard". Yet, 
for foe first time, England 
resembled the team that had 


illuminated the bufid-up with 
occasional moments of bril- 
liance and had risen to be 
regarded as the leading con- 
tenders from Europe. 

Robson could not have 
planned the transformation to 
greater effect or with more 
suitable riming Ushered by 
foe fetes that were once con- 
sistently so unkind, England 
have stumbled across poten- 
tially foe easiest path to the 
quarter-finals. Paraguay, then- 
opponents in foe Azteca stadi- 
um next Wednesday, finished 
runners-up to Mexico in their 
group. 

He must first find a replace- 


Sanchez missed Manager must pay the price 


Mexico City (AP) — President 
Miguel de la Madrid kicked off 
foe celebrations immediately 
after Mexico's 1-0 win over Iraq. 
In a television hook-up from the 
presidential residence, he told 
the coach. Bora Mflutinovic, 
and the players, Tomas Boy and 
Fernando Quirarte, that all 
Mexico was behind them. City 
officials, however, ordered fens 
to limit festivities 


The victory, collided with 
araguay’s 2-2 draw with Bel- 


Paraguay’s 2-2 draw with Bel- 
gium in Toluca, means Mexico 
will play their second-round 
game at the Azteca stadium on 
Sunday against foe third-placed 


team. Iraq have been 
eliminated. 

Mexico dominated foe first 
hal£ but it was not until nine 
minutes into the second half 
that Quirarte, standing alone at 
foe right of foe goal, took a fine 
kick from Negrete and drove an 
acute-angled shot pest foe div- 
ing goalkeeper and into foe net. 

Mexico appeared to miss 
Sanchez, who had been sus- 
pended for one game 
MEXICO; P Larks R Amador, FQutrart* 
F Cruz, R Senrai. C do too Cotas, M 
Esparto, M Negrete, J Ag vine, T Boy. L 

RAttA-F Nusseif; M ffiroMm. K Maori, N 
Slutnr. A HUMin. A RwN. K Saddam. N 
Hashem. 1 Abed. B Qassora, G UraibL 
Raton* Z Petra*: (Yiig). 


Cayetano Re, the Paraguayan 
manager, could be absent from 
foe bench when his side take on 
England in the second round of 
the World Cup in Mexico City 
next Wednesday. Re was “seat 
off" by Bogdan Dotcbev, the 
Bulgarian referee, apparently for 
coaching, seven minutes from 
foe end of foe 2-2 draw with 
Belgium in Toluca on Wednes- 
day night. 

Re. who could now be banned 
from the touchline for the 
England game, remained un- 
repentant, claiming there had 
been no reason for his dismissal: 
“I intervened only three times." 
he said, “foe last being when I 


went onto foe pilch to try to 


calm my players during a brawl. 
I guess I was expelled because I 
am not a famous manager from 
a famous team ” 

Belgium, fielding a largely 
exper i m e ntal side, battled hard 
to achieve foe draw they needed 
to .go through to foe second 
round. In a game packed with 
action, they twice took the lead 
with weB-taken goals, through 
Vercautercn and Veyt. But gap- 
ing holes in their ma kes h i ft 
defence put Cabaftas dear for 
two opportunist’s goals 
Mexico, after beating Iraq 1-0, 
finished top of Group B with 
five points, ahead of Paraguay 


with four, Belgium. with three 
and Iraq, who were eliminated, 
with none. 

“We arenot dead yet,". Guy 
Tbya, foe Belgian manager, said 
of his team’s exciting, attacking 
perfor ma nce. 

However, all is not honey and 
irises inside foe Belgian camp. 
Relations among foe squad are 
said to have deteriorated 


BELOW* J-M PMf; G Grim, rf Broos, M 
Rencrin. P VwvooiL E Sdto. S dalM, J 
Cautamara, F Vsrcautoran, 0 Veyt. N 


PARAGUAY: R FWitonta c J Toralek. C 
Zabata.R Delgado. JGuudr, Jtouflez.it 
Furan. J Romero. R Catafes, A Cna, 
A Mendoza (sub: ft Kicks}.' 

Refer** Bogdan Dotsctov (Ugarta), 


RUGBY UNION 


ATHLETICS 


Wales fight back for victory 


Tonga .. — 

7 

Wales. . 

15 


Nukualofa (Reuter) — Wales 
kicked their way to victory over 


Tonga yesterday in a match 
marked by a brawl soon after foe 
start. Goal-kicking made the 
difference in foe first inter- 
national played by Wales in the 
Tongan capital v with the two 
sides scoring one try each in a 
match dominated by Toward 
play on a greasy pitch. 

The all-in punch -up in the 
Tongan dead-boll area came 17 
minutes after and left the Welsh 
No. 8, Phil Davies, and their 
inskfeoentre, Adrian Hadley, 


Tonga opened up an eariv 
lead five minutes into foe match 
after the Australian referee, 
Brian Kinsey, had penalised foe 
Welsh for collapsing a scrum, to 
allow Tongan stand-off hal£ 
Toraari Leva to goal from just 
inride the 22-metre line. 

Bleddyn Bowen, the Welsh 
centre, made it 3-3 with a 


box awarded by foe referee. 
Dacey converted to leave the 


penalty after 20 minutes and 
followed it up with another 


shortly before the interval to 
give foe touring team a 6-3 lead 
at half-time. 

Bowen was replaced as kicker 
after missing an easy attempt 
from in front of the posts early 
in the second half, but foetrfoll 
bade, Malcolm Dacey, found 
the target 12 minutes into foe 
half to help consolidate the 
Welsh lead. 

Wales' try came midway 
through foe half when Paid 
Moriarty, foe flanker, forced his 
way over after a tineout an foe 
Tongan line. The try was dis- 
puted by a Tongan touch judge 


Dacey converted to leave the 
score at IS-3 until injury time 
when Talai Fifita, foe Tongan 
scrum half; broke around the 
blind side from a scrum on the 
Welsh 22-metre line to touch- 
down. Lovo foiled with the 
conversion. 

Wales fly out of Tonga today 
for Apia, where they play West- 
ern Samoa tomorrow. 


Wells may find it hard 
to do it his way again 

By Pat Butcher* Athletics Correspondent 


laid out on foe ground. Hadley 
was carried off On a stretcher 
and replaced by foe Cardiff- 
born West Indian, Glenn 


becoming the fim black player 
to play to an international for 
Wales. Officials said later Had- 
ley was not seriously hurt. 


TOtSjfc Tal ■Qwtt Layafi Hqxate. 
Pula Moato, Feea LbvwthL Sam toMcW ; 
Tomas Leva TaU RBt* Tevta Btoonv 
field. -Aroone AJu. FS Mate. ‘Oteoa 

ass 

wEeS: M Decey MTOev 

MM** (Carom, s Uttfta jB rtd3«K< S J 
Daotoa (Nesfli), R Jones (Swansea); J 
WNMoot (Canflfl). W Jaewe (AtaravorJ, 

(Swansea), M Brown (PorSpooL rajx H 

fSSSSS. Naas* p Mniumg. 


Ashton resigns as England coach 


By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 


Brian Ashton, foe assistant 
England coach and one of the 
three national selectors, has had 
to resign both posts because of 
the demands rugby has been 
making, and is likely to make, 
upon his professional fife. His 

- replacement will be discussed by 

the Rugby Football Union at a 
meeting next week. 

Ashton, a former Fylde and 
Lancashire scrum half and a 
member of England's touring 
party to Australia in 1975, 
.joined forces with Martin 
Green, the national coach, on 
tour in New Zealand last year. 
Both men were appointed to 
coach England during the hut 
domestic season which, -in the 
light of Eagland^ performances 
hi the back division, turned out 
to be a bitter disappointment for 
Ashton. 

His responsibility was to 
coach the backs, and changes in 
personnel did not assist his task. 
His work as a teacher . at 
Stony hum College did not give 
him time to accompany En- 
gland on their B tour to Italy last 
month, and, having seen foe 
likely schedule England players 
and their mentors face in 
preparing for next year’s world 
tournament, the school felt it 
would be difficult to release him 
to fulfil those commitments. 

“I feel very disappointed, 
very sad and frustrated, though I 


can see foe schoors position." 
Ashton, a history teacher and in 
charge of Stonyhurst rugby, 
said. “But I would not have 
been available to watch players 
on Saturday afternoons before 
and daring foe divisional 
championship next season and 
it would be unfair to the players 
iff didn’t see them perform. 

“The players are foe most 
important people in foe game 
and if they are not happy with 
what is going on above them, it’s 
unfair to expect them to play 
with full confidence." 

The obvious replacement' for 
Ashton, who coached England 
Colts before turning to foe 
country’s senior side, is Des 
Ssabrook, currently coach to foe 
B and under-23 teams. He was 
deeply involved with England's 
squad training h«t season but 
the main drawback to his 
appointment is thyr England 
would then have two former 
back-row forwards as coaches, 
whereas the intention was to 
have a forward and a hw- k_ 

This is not necessarily a bar to 
Sea brook’s progress smee any 
coach worth bis salt must take 
account of the whale side, but 


Division) and Alan Old, foe 
former Northern technical 
administrator, must come under 
discussion. 


Of them all — including Green 
and Seabrook — only Old played 
international rugby and, Peter 
Pan-like, remains as active 

sportsman in Morpeth, where 

he teaches, playing cricket and 
rugby. It is only three years since 
Old, now aged 40. appeared in a 
county championship final, his 
experience doing so much for 
the development of young York- 
shire backs like Underwood, 
Harrison and Bariey. 


Allan Wells has threatened 
more comebacks than Frank 
Sinatra, and foe Scot's latest is 
due in his national champion- 
ships, sponsored by ScotRail at 
Meadowbank this weekend. 
But, like a crooner’s voice, the 
sprinter's delicate muscles do 
not always respond to his and 
his supporters’ best wishes. 

Wells has barely raced since 
iniunr contributed to - his 
elimination in the Olympic 
semi-final two years ago while 
defending his 100-metres title. 
Further injuries this season 
have prevented racing. But with 
Scottish team selection due next 
week for the Commonwealth 
Games on this ■ same 
Meadowbank trade next month. 
Wells has to ran, probably in foe 
100 metres tomorrow, if be is 
going to defend the title he won 
m 1978 and 1982. 

The onus wfll be all the more 
unbearable emotionally, for the 
last time that the Common- 
wealth Games were held in 
Edinburgh in 1970, the 18- year- 
old Wells was a minor official in 
charge of raking foe lon&jump 
pits. 

Following his Olympic title in 
1980, Wells left his Edinburgh 
home to live in Surrey. But 
mixed fortunes in the interven- 


-Olympic tide in an attempt to 
reproduce the same conditions 
and form of szx years ago. 

Wells has gone to ground in 
Fife, but Affleck said yesterday 
that his charge has opted for foe 
100 metres despite those 
continuing muscle injuries, “but 
it is difficult to say now be will 
run. I think be will do better in 
the weeks to come.” 

Wells lost his UK record last 
week when Linford Christie ran 
a superb 10X14 in Madrid. .And, 
unfortunately for Wells, foe.high 
standard of-Britisb sprinting is 
attributable to many of his 
compatriots. Elliott Bunney, last 
years European junior cham- 
pion, and Jamie Henderson, his 


training partner, who won the 
UK title two weeks ago. are 
competing, as are an in-form 
George McCall urn and Cam- 
eron Sharpe. So it is no easy 
track towards the title for Wells. 

The championships begin this 
evening with Tom McXeane, 
test season's 800-metres revete- 
tiou, probably running foe 400- 
metres heat, and saving the two 
laps running for next week’s 
AAA championship. The En- 
gland women go. to Bucharest 
for. a two-day match against 
Romania arid the Soviet Union. 
But Shirley Strong pursues her 
own comeback and the last 
place in the Commonwealth 
Gaines team with a 100 metres 
hurdle in Dijon. 


ing years provoked a move back 
to Scotland two months ago, 
and to his former coach, Charlie 
Affleck, who guided him to foal 


Morocco’s man of vision, 
sets Socrates thinking 




* - ■ » • ' , -c-* l 


- when will «e will -ever stop 
dismissing teams . from foe 
Third World? After Morocco 
with an experimental swe, had 
been beaten by North ern Ir e- 
in April, H was assumed 
foat they were in Group F only 
to yeam foe international 
spirit of the competition. Con- 
sider the surprise then for those 

judges when the North Africans 
succeeded in holding England 
and Poland to a draw before 
trouncing Portugal 3-1 to finish 
top of foe group. . 

Even more unimaginable was 
that a North African, Timbumi, 
was described as foe finest 


From QhetW% Gi » rt»H P. fe 

Thai few .critics thought they 
would be able to operate 
successfully ala higher level of 
foe emieL Portugal -threatened 

_ ■ w . 


their defence 'repeatedly 
throughout foe second half 
Morocco survived without 
particular, misfortune white al- 
ways looking capable of adding 
to their own tally; 

It was a performance foat was 
reminiscent of fon historic 5-3 
defeat of North Korea by Por- 
tugal 20 years ago .except. foat 
fort time the underdogs hong on 
more determinedly. Morocco’s 

victory carried on the good work 
of Algeria, generally regarded as 

Morocco’s sopenor, who beat 

West Germany m the last World 
CapL Baria describedil rigfcflyns 
a momentous occasion for foe 
Third World. . . 

With several European- based 
players in the squad, prepara- 
tion for these finals has beat 
problematical. Back in April, 
alter Morocco had lost 2-1 to the 
Irish, there was not much 
chance of many of that s*de 
h ong included m Faria’s final 
thinking in Mexico and as it 
turned out only five of those 
who struggled through foe Bel- 
fast mud were scampering over 
foe firm surfece here foe other 
afternoon. 

Tim omni, the African Player 
of the Year last year, has been 
finked with Real Madrid and 
one feels that not a few Euro- 


pean i dubs wffl be 
contact until these North Af- 
ricans before foe - end of foe 
tournament, Ttxn oncn , 
nicknamed .quite 7 uyyo- 


i’-Vy p.*- 


player is the competition to dale 

by none other than Socrates, the 

great Brazilian. It is dot surpris- 
ing, though, that there should be 
a mutual respect tgttwcen foe 
two countries. Morocco - are 
wwrM by a Braz i l ian . Jose 
Faria, who has convened to 
Islam. - • - 

Morocco have also produced 
playera of simifer laid-back abil- 


ity as foe Brazilians. Ttmoumi, 
Khairi, Bouderbala and Krixnal 
look foe eye as Morocco took 
Portugal apart in the Terzo de 
Marzo stadium. Also the an- 
typically unDamboyani Zakt, 
the goal keeper, looked as secure 
as anyone I have seen in die 
tournament. 

But their style is most un- 
Brazilian based upon- contain- 
ment and coumerattack and one 


priately foe “caanoofeaS from 
foe fcasbah”, » a pteyer of great 


'K ‘7. * 


vision and «*«"**» b» 
returned to te best fonn^ra 
layoff of sfr.mqnfofc Subtlety 
rather. foa& severity is foe name 
of his game. . — 

One who tfid show a migbty 
strength apanst Pbitnsti was 
Khaki, who scqredtwo tilting 


initial squad of 40. as m Btembcr 
of - FAR Rabat’ Abdefeanm 
Merry JCrnnau, foesoonaroffoc 

foirdgorf, plays for UHW 

and -possesse s foe^ sort of 
physical presence 
of Cyrffle Rests. TOeypad las 
bees boOt around foe Royal 
Armed Forces ream. 

Morocco are no innocents. 
Krirmra is 31 and foe- average 

age of foe team is about 28. The 
future, though, seems wdl taken 
care of Their youth team won 
foe Friendship tC Hnaameiu m 
Qatar earlier this war when 
Brazil, Italy and Uruguay afl 
went down against foe -Moroc- 
cans, whose stamina was as 
much is evidence as foetr skSL 
winning foe semi-final and from 
after extra time Faria has 
commendabiy declined to rush 
their potential through into tins 
World Cop squad. 


V* • ’ *. ’ - 






! ‘ - Za^ - 






Collective joke that is no 


meat for Fenwick. The eager 
but irascible defender, who 


longer a laughing matter 


i-igSi'-’;-' 


was booked for the second 
time and is thus suspended, 
feds that it should be the 
versatile Gary Stevens, of 
Tottenham Hotspur. He ex- 
pects' that it will instead be 
Martin, of West Ham United. 

Robson will then decide 
whether to return to his 
original plan and recall other 
Waddle or Barnes. It would 
seem as unwise to do so now 
as it was to select one of them 
in the first place but England’s 
manager has learned to play 
the game of diplomatic silence 
and is giving nothing away. 

“What is wrong with wing- 
ers, anyway?" he asked. “Para- 
guay have not one but two, 
you know " That perhaps is 
why they conceded two goals 
against Belgium on -Wednes- 
day. In clipping their own 
wings, England have fluttered 
away from their mountain 
retreat m Saltillo and are 
flying with renewed vigour 


Football's tderbaan com- 
mentators try and tty to get it 
right, bat they remain -a collec- 
tive joke: a joke so obrioas foat 
foe more fastidious scran to nse 
ft. To e xp loit such gems as “foe 
atmosphere to foe stadium has 
to be seen to be bettered" comes 
into foe same category as foe 

shooting of sitting ducks- 

Tbe sport of judting up foe 

verbal blundering of sports com- 
mentators is a noble one; with 
Juaatorena opening his legs to 
show his dass and Asa Hartford 
playing Ins heart out, it has a 
king and v en er ab le hfetery. But 
this is uet the polufcjris net the 
commentators but foe very exis- 
tence efeemmeataty that makes 
verbal howlers inevitable. U is fit 
the nature of five t e kv irfo u . 

No. it is not the football 
commentators' occasional errors 
foat are objectionable, it is their 
consistent tone. Football com- 
mentators simply do not have 
foe right touch. By Ear foe best of 
foe bunch is Brian Moore, bat 
ITV, playing what fa baseball 
terms ts a sacrifice bunt, have 
given Moore foe anchor-man 
role, one which he also {days 

pretty wefi. 

Football c — noorti — s are 
men dooned-to nritefe deeply all 
who fisten to them. Every gadrk 
of- diction and personality be- 
comes more and more , deeper 
infuriating the moire - it Brts 
under our sldn. Once mside our 
shells, commentators’ pearls 



WORLD CUP TV 


^^ ^S to^gift^anuaMe 

anonymity. 

Most other commentators im- 
pose on as tfaeir“peESonnIities": 
foeir hysterical prejudices, foeir 
overbearing nationalism, their 
deeply trivial knowledge (“and 
what a birthday present it would 
be ... )" and their l umb ering, 
witiera witticisms. The man who 
w elco med the celebration of 
Choi Soos-Ho's goal with foe 
words “This is not foe in- 
scrutable face of foe Orient” 
deserves to be taken bat aadshot 
for reckless use of foe efiebi. 

Football commentators have 
been coming off partiadarty 
badly hi the eyes of anyone who 
has been glutton cnoagh for 
paxrishmeat to watch the Test 
■win as well as the World Cop 
this week. So complex and so 
solemn-pared a game as cricket 
actually benrfos from the re- 
strained commentaries, inter- 
pretations and e i iph i n a ti nas of 
foe BBC team. . . 

Football is neither complex 
nor solemn, it is simple and it is 


emotional. Bat jut abontevray f 

eo mmentato r manages to make 
it merety hy s terical and teat 
perhaps John Mutant was try- 
mg to win a bet when he told as 
that foe Scottish group was 
nicknamed ^ “for group of death". 
Surely there was anot her re as o n 
for teQfag.as this sewn raefaht 
times inamatfo. 

I think there is something 
morse than sSSness fa aB this. I 
ft. fait that teterisian football 
coverage tends to cereal a deep 
contempt for the amfience. it h 
foe philosophy of “never mind, 
they'll lap ft up". Trirrisimi men 
seem to hare decided foat 

.anyone who likes footouBconld 

not possibly hare foe natality 
in be critical. 

They titink that ftwfoeB- 
watchers fikemoranSc hysteria, 
jingoistic mouthing, monolithic 
cliche, aud the mindless 
hammering- of po i ntles s trivia. 
“Here comes foe man they call 
foe batcher of Bfrbao“... “here 
comes foe nan who has become 
foe most expensive fo ot b al ler in 

foe world" . . . *W remember, 
this Is foe group they are calling 
foe group of death*. It fern* just 
foat everyone who watehes foot- 
ball resents being treated like a 
foot. The trouble is that it does 
not take fang for those who treat 
their aHmen c e fike fools to 
beco»e fords themselves. 






-1 l.i 


1 £2 ,r-‘ 

Ztzpr 

l . 


-t Z-: t ’ : : r r 


Simon Barnes 


The Danish -players, as 
flamboyant off pitch as on it, are 
unlikely to indulge in any of 
their famed drinking sessions 
during the World 'Qip.The 
Danes a t tra cte d headlines - two 
years ago when they eddxated 
reaching foe semi-finals the 
European Championship in 


in Mexico, according to Frits 
AJtlstrom, foe sport editor of 


France by staying ' np aB night 
drinking beer and champagne 


beer and champagne 
xe should no. repetition 


a close friend of Piomek’s, said; 
“I doubt if there wifi be foe same 
kind of celebration as they had 
after foe final group game 
against West Germany. I don’t 
think Sepp will teU foe players 
not to drink, I expect he’ll jnst. 
order them to be m bed by. two 


in the morning.” 

Pkmtefc, who has described 
his team a&foe South Americans 
of Europe, said he had to expect 
to cater for foe Danes' love of 
fun. 

Piomek, who has said foe way 
to get the best out of his team is 
to promise them a few beers if 
they play well, has also instilled 
discipline and a professional 
approach. 


! ,V. *. -n 

i 


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TODAY’S FIXTURES 


CRICKET 
TOUR MATCH 
(tlAto&3Q) 


Cape Town wifi not be fa- 
doded as a ting over farthe next 
Whitbread road foe world race 
starting fa three years', time. 

The Soofo African port, 
known as the Tavern of foe Seas, 
which has been a traditional 
staging post for^ vessels rounding 
the Cape of Good Hope store foe 
earliest dare of n3,>tiylajid 
host far Whkbvead cmp e tito i s 
to fear previous races was ruled 
out because of 'tb*;' political 
uncertainties in tbeTiegma at a 
meeting of skippers t’and rare 
officials in London yest er da y. 

Instead, foe fleet - wffl. con- 
gregate in London, for 
sorntmeerfog, then -rare from 
P ortsm outh to Pont* : del Este, 
Uruguay, before raffing at 
Perm, Australia, and Auckland, 
New Zealand. Once around 
Cape Horn, foe fleet wiR ream 
to Punta del Este,' then rare oa to 
a North Ameziom port — per- 
haps New York — before .retura- 
tonto Portsmouth. -. V • 

. Tbe next rare wffl also toctode 
a' endser/rarer dirishm for 
yachts rating between 38ft and 
70ft I Oft vtick vrill . race - for 
separate prizes to. those ' Offered 
to the grand prix entries. Yachts 
wH hto the ractog- dfrishm win 
now ampere «m a bbaMbr-boirt 
bams divided- into four classes 
without the complkatioas of 
handicaps, though the 
Whitbread Tnmhy win coatinae 
to be swarded to the yraht with 

foe best corrected time- 

At the prize-giving on 
Wednesday, attended by the 
Princess of -Wale*,' three 


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The RFU are also on the 
verge of appointing a national 
conditioning advisor to help 
Green and Michael Weston, the 
chairman of selectors, prepare 
next year’s World Cup squad. 


next year s world Cup squad. 
They nave been unable to agree 
terms of reference with Tom 


practical experience is always 
valuable. Therefore the names 
of Alan Davies (Nottingham), 
Glenn Robertson (formerly 
Colts' coach and now assisting 
ftogcr Uttky with the London 


Hudson, die University of 
Bath's bead of physical educa- 
tion, who has helped foe Bath 
-dub to three successive John 
Player Special Cup victories and 
who. considering his lengthy 
experience with Llanelli, foe 
Welti! squad of 1983 and Bath, 
would surely have offered- a 
great deal to England’s cause; 
however athletics, Hudson's 


original environment, may yet 
offer the candidate to fill foe 


posiuog. 







THE TIMES FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


Today’s television and radio programmes 


J 
• / 


8.00 Ceefax AM. 

6. 50 Breakfast TIrm with 
Selina Scott and Guy 
Michel more. Weather at 
8^5. 7 JS, 725, 825 and 
8-55; regional news, 
wwtherahd traffic at 6^7, 
7.27, 7.57 and 8^7; 
national and international 
news at 7.00, 7-3M-0Q, 

8 JO and 9JJ0: sport at 
7JZ0 and MO; and a 
review of the morning 
[J®wspapere at 8L37. Plus, 
Danger Watch. Lynn 
iffy™ Wood's consumer 

ra teboo k: Gtynn • 
Christian's weekend 
stopping advtee; 

9®f0«ning advice from 
A^Ttehmarsh; and Steve 

020 

VtSoriand 
. Miriam OTtaHy. Today's 
programme about unoer- 
- fives is about the 

of poping with 
toddlers outSKie the 
tome-frtaaseeefta 
J^MPfay School. 10.50 

1-00 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 
Moira Smart, includes 
news headlines with 
subtitles 1.85 Regional 
news. PUiS. weather with 

SL??S- 1 - 30MrB «nnW 

1AB ^national Tennis: The 
Stella Artois 

Championship. From the 
Queen's Club, London. 
Introduced by Harry 
CarpentBrwfth 
commentary by Dan 
Maskeil, John Barrett. 

Gerald WHIfeBTs and Mark 

*= is^ssf^jisr 

and the Moke (4 4.15 
Laurel 


6-15 Brtta,n 
«me Kamond and Nick 
. Owen. News vritti Geoff 

S'frcwes at 6 J5; cartoon 
ttt 725; pop video at 725; 
Jimmy Greaves's 

bodes at «US;Ftob 
Edwards from The 
Practice at &03; health 
and beauty with Lizzie 
Webb at 9.12. 


ITV/LONDON 


925 Thames News headBrtes. 
MO For Schools: bisects 

Galore(r) 920 Clues to the- 
: past on a market Stall In 
Oldham 10 j 09 An 
• examination of shadows; 
bulWng a simple sundial 
1026 How a vnuna. 


#'m afraid that this week's 
YOUR LIFE IN TNEfR HANDS 
(8BC2, 9.30pm) does have its 
regulation snots of spurting 
Wood, but lean guarantee 
you won't even contampfeda 
passing out because that wffl 
mean missing the remarkable 
surgical photo gr aphyJnter- 
vBmfonal radiology is the 
name of the astounding game 
that Professor David Maori 
plays at Hammersmith Hospital, 
passing tubes up arteries and 

veins, blocking off holes with 
metal colls, and chatting all 
the while with his patients as 
they watch the exploration of 
their insides on a TV screen.lt is 
only when we are told that 
one false move could bring on a 

* — stroke that the b e ads of cold 

sweat for which this fine medical 
senes is notorious, start to 

On Radio 3 at 920pm erupt on our foreheads. 


Edited by Peter Davalle 
and Elizabeth Larard 


CHOICE 


•ft you prefer more relaxed 
rriday night entertainment there 
tsthe return of that 
incorrigibly nostalgic 
showbusinessqdz LOOKS 
FAMILIAR (Channel 4, B.75) with 
te indispensibte chairman 
Denis Norden. probably the only 
practitioner in popular 
sociology who dispenses tit- bits 
of w isdom w hite 

demonstrating g sharp 
awareness of he ridiculous. 
•Mel Caiman, as anyone 

who grazes discerningly off the 

front page of 7he Times 
knows, does the pocket cartoons 
with the one-line thoughts. 

THE BIG NOVEL (Radio 3. 
920pm) is what happens 
when Mr Caiman strings lots of 
thoughts together andleaves 


it to us io sketch our own 

accompanying pietures.lt is 

part cartoon, part allegory and, 

for a first play, a jolly good 

piece of radio comedy. Hits 
skeletal plot - mild man 


4.45 Fast Forward. Video 
fun presented byFJoalla 
Benjamin. 

5.10 Gentle Ben. With Dennis 
Weaver and Clint Howard. 
Mark has to choose 
between a new friendship 
and loyalty to his faithful 


'to bring up her baby 1028 
a man's role 

' 3H®Afrport formalities 
1127 A trip to a seaside 
martra 1124 A Jewish boy 
from Manchester v&ts 

Israel ' 

12.00 TeetimeforCtaodia. For - 
gw very young( 4 12.10 
Rainbow; Journey by 
Coach. Learning with 

fiRSMKSS!? 

Gang. 

1220 Jobwatch. Have the four 

young people filmed last 

jJgragW.h.iotao, 

120 News at One with Leonard 
Paridn 120 Thames 
News. 

120 FAiuUv 






mm 

mmm 




SjlKvfhj 









David Penhakgon try to 
discover the secrets of five 
guests, who include Arthur 
Scaraifl. The quizmaster te 
TomO'Connor. 

8-10 Dynasty: The Dismissal. 

■ Sammy Jo tries to make 
amends tor Krystie's . . 

recent ordeals, and Adam 
attempts to jeopardize 
Bart FaNmont's pofitical 
career by disclosing Barfs 
sexual preferences. 

920 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 
Weather. 

920 Big Drab Po 


ten episodes, Robby takes 
desperate measures to 
prevent Jan from returning 
to Australia^) 

1020 World Cup Grandstand. 
Highlights of Scotland v 
Uruguay and We6t 
Germany v Denmark. 
Commentators are 
Archie Macphereon and 
Barry Davies. With a 
review by BBC experts 
who then look forward to 
the second stage of the 
competition. Introduced 


succeed in the pop world. 
Directed by Lance 
Comfort. 

320 Take the High Road. 
Episode three of a drama 
series set fn the Scottish 
highlands. 325 Thames 
News headlines 320 Sms 
• and Daughters. 

420 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
12.10 4.10 Madame 
Gusto’s Circus. Cartoon 
series 425 ScoobyDoo 
420 The Bbx presented 


by KeHy Temple and Lisa 
Maxwell. Pop video series. 
5.15 The Parlour Game. Game 

to which celebrities try to 
outwit each other. 

525 News with Carol Barnes. 
620 The 6 O'clock Show 
presented by Michael 
AspeL - 

720 World Cup 88. Brian 
Moore presents coverage 
of Scotland v Uruguay 
match. The commentator, 

• John Helm, fs joined by 
BiNy McNeifl. Highlights of 
the Group E march 
between Denmark and 
West Germany and news 
from the England and 
Northern Ireland camps on 
comp letion pf their group - 
"TnarchfrsT r", ~ — 

920 The Practice. Drama 
. series set to a modem 
u health centre. Starring 
■ ••• ^ ■JohnfraserartdBrtol' - 

^nnr.'^^li^^L 
1020 News at Tee with Alaatair 

r_ Burnet and Martyn 

Lewis. . 

-1020 TO* London Programme 
John Taytor presents the' : 


, nt in London’s 
booming leisure industry, 
such as fn the new - 
Battersea Theme Park 
Inside the old power ■ 
station, or at Sam 
Wanamaker's Globe 
Theatre project. Followed 

11 .® 

on leave from Vietnam 
are being swindled by 
« Honolulu. (rl 

1120 FBnu The Goraon (1964) 
** tog Peter Cusning, 


625 Open University; 

Education: Matos the Mad 
• Shooter. 720 Weekend 
Outlook. 

Q nn fefei 

925 Daytime on Two: 

Mtod a tr a tchers: for 10 to 

corrmutar Iwtos a disabled ’ 
boy to wafcojato 11.20 

Doofax 128 Biology: new 
research m genetics 220 
The story ora Jewish 
fareljyto Manchester 

320 international Tennis. The 
Stella Artois 
Championship from the 
Queen's Club, London. 

520 News Summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

525 Flm: After Hie Thin Man 
(1936) starring WHfiam 
Powefl and Myma Loy as 
partners who become 
involved to blackmail, 
murder and intrigue. 

Murder suspects include a 
young James Stewart 
Directed by W S Van Dyke. 

725 Dhrendons. A journey 
through the Austrian 
countryside by narrow- 
„ gauge steam-train. 

720 The Strange Case of Paul 
Cl ee i amlPaulCieefand 
wasiaMed 13 years ago for 
murder; Shirley Wiffiams, 

Ws former MP, believes he 
may be tonocem, and the 
killer free. Reporter, John 
Stapleton. 

620 South on Twa The first of 
two films to which Ray 
Gosling follows six young 
people who try to break 
into showbustoess by 
working ata hoflday 

620 ^Smere’ World from 
Luton, Bedfordshire. Geoff 
Hamilton and Clay Jones - 

find an imaginative garden 

on an exposed site 600 
feet above sea-fevel. 

920 EnfertatomentUSA2. 
Jonathon King visits 
Denver, where big 
business has replaced 
cattle-ranching. He visits a 
singles bar. and meets top 
country-star, Kenny 
R°gere^rev»ed repeat) 

920 YourLifo )n Their Hands. ' 


2.15 Their Lordshfos 1 House. A 

repeat of last rtight's 
hjghfights of the day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. 

220 Channel 4 Racing from 
Ssndown Park and York. 
EBF University of York 
Turf Club Stakes (225); 
Surrey Racing Stakes 
(3.00); innovative 
Marketing Sprint (3.15); 
Singapore Airlines "Non- 
Stop" Stakes (320); 

Wings Holidays Stakes 
(3.45); Rosemary Stakes 

Wee-year-old Series' 
(4.15). 

420 Dancin' Days. In episode 
three of the Brazllian- 
made serial, Julia moves 
into the flat with Alborioo's 
family 

520 Car 54, Where Are You?* 
Vintage American comedy 
series about two hapless 
New York policemen. This 
week they try to solve 
! . some mysteries, with help 
_ ' from a boy scout 
520 The Chart Show features 
the Indie Singles and 
Compact Disc charts. 

6.15 Revid. A review of the 
„ M week's new videos. 

620 Solid SouL Performing live 
are Matt Bianco. Paul 
Hardcastie, Aurra and 
Terry M. 

7.00 Channel Four News with 
Peter Sissons and Alastalr 
Stewart. Indudes an 
exclusive interview with 
the Prime Minister. 

720 Book Choice. Lord Annan 
discusses The Siege, 

Conor Cruise O'Brien's 
_ book about Zionism. 

.820 What the Papers Say with 
Paul Foot of The Mirror. 

8.15 Looks Familiar. The first 
to a new series of quiz 
shows which reminisce 
about the entertainment of 
the 1930s. '40s and '50s, 
presented by Deris 
Norden. His guests are Bill 
Fraser, There Hird and 


( Radio 4 ^ 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 
cncL 

S-55 SWPP^- 620 News Briefing; 
w^lOFann^ 

Business News. 6-55, 725 
Waather. 7.00,820 
News. 725, 825 Sport 725 
Thought for the Day. B25 
Yesterday in Parliament 
820 Letters. 827 
Weather; Travel 
920 News 

925 Desert Island Discs. 

Michael Parkinson talks 
to fRm producer Ismal 
Merchant (rt fs) 

925 Feedback. Christopher 
Dunkley with listeners’ 

comments about BBC 
programmes and 

prides. 

1020 News; International 
Assignment BBC 
Gorr&ponderas report from 
around the world. 

1020 Morning Story: The G2ri 
Next Door, by JM Norris. 

, Reader SWrfey Dixon. 

1025 Daily Service (New Every 

11X0 SSftSffllB 

Worlds. How Asians 
cope with living to a western 
society while retaining 
their own strong cultural 
traditions. With Anita 

Balia. 

1128 Natural Selection, with 

_ Roger Worstey. 

1220 News; The Food 
Programme. Sheila 
Dillon examines the demand 
for organically-grown 
produce. 

1227 The Cabaret Upstairs. 

Some of the top acts to 
be found on the London 
cabaret cacult(s). 1225 
Weather 

120 The World at One: News 
120 The Archers. 125 

220 News; vSbmaris Hour. 

Oil exploration, and its 
impact on Dorset and 
Hampshire. 

320 News; The Man Who 
Was Thursday. A 
Nightmare by GJC 
Chesterton, dramatized 
byPrter Buckman (2) (r) (s) 

425 J Kingston Platt... C 

remembers a fifetime in a 

- show business. With Peter 
Jones. (3) Dick Turpin. 


after ego (Peter Woodthorpe)- 
has a faint whrtt of Woody 

Allen about tt. then alii can say is 
that Mr Caiman could not 
have enlisted in a better cookery 
class. 

•Musical highlights on Radio 
3: the Ravel concert by the BBC 
Philharmonic (7.05). with 
Crilard playing the Piano 
Concerto for left hand; end 
the Amadeus Quartet recital from 
AMeburgh (8.00pm) including 
Schubert's Death end the 
Maiden. 

Peter Davalle 


SSS*" 9 * 55 

620 News; Financial Report 
620 hfit Ust. Sheda Steafel 
picks six pieces of music 
she never wants to hear 

again - and explains 


825 Concert (comd): Bach 
(Concerto in A minor far 

four harpsichords and 

orchestra, BWV 1065).. 
Krommer (Octet In £ Rat. Op 
79). Haydn (Symphony 
No 102). 9.00 News 
925 This Week's Composers; 
Maw and Richard 
Rodney Bennett Maw [Ufa 
Study II. and Ufa Studies 

VI. VU end VWf Academy of St 

Martm-in-Refas); Bennett 
(Kandinsky Variations. with 
Bennett and Susan 
Bradshaw at pianos) 

10.00 Russian Cello Sonatas: 
Popov.wrth Allan Schiller 

fac. Op 119) 

1050 French Orchestral Music: 
Loire PO play Pteme's 
Paysages franoscains, and 
French National Radio 


720 News 
725 The Archers 
720 Pick of the Week. 
Margaret Howard's 
selection of extracts from 
BBC radio programmes 
over the past week. 

B20 Headlines. Deadlines. 

BSC reporter Angus 
McDermid talks to Martyn 
Williams. 

825 Any Questions? With 
David Ntckson, Sir 
Edward du Cam MP. Tom 
Burks and Dame Judith 
Hart MP. From Sturminstsr 
Newton, DorseL John 
Timpson is in the chair. 
920 Letter from America by 
Alistair Cooke. 

9.45 Katetooscope. Includes 
comment on Medea, at 
the Lyric, and the film Black 
Moon Rising. 

10.15 A Book At Bedtime: 

Under the Net, by Iris 
Murdoch MOL Reader: 
Stephen Rea. 1029 
Weather 

1020 The Worid Tonight 

11.00 Today hi Parflamerrt 

11.15 The Financial Worfcf 


settings* fan Partridge 
(tenor). Stephen Varcoe 
(baritone), Jennifer 
Partridge (pfano).Works by 
Howells including Andy 
Battle and Someone came 
Knocking 

1 2 . 2 5 BBC Scottish SO (under 
Kraemerj.with Janet 
Hilton (clarinet). Part one.. 
Mendelssohn (FIngal'a 
Cave), Weber (Clarinet 
Concerto No 1 ). 120 
Nows 

125 Concert (comd): 

Blzabeth Maconchy 
(Concertino), Haydn 
(Symphony No 885) 

120 Medici String Quartet 


At twilight). Dvorak . 
(Nocturne Op 40: 
Suk/Hoiecek), Kaprai 
(Lu tables, with Jane 
Siuoankova. so prano). 

Mam nu (Etudes No3 and 4: 
Chuehro/Hala). Suk 
(Night. A Summer's Tale) 
1127 News 1220 News 
VHF only: Open 
University, from 625am to 
625. Henry James and 
fallow novelists. 

C Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
tor VHF variations. 

News on the hour except 
6.00pm, 920. Headlines 520am, 
620, 720 and 82a World Cup 
Commentary, Scotland v Uruguay 
720pm (mf oriy). QeneraJ:- 
1.05pm, 222, 3.02, 422, 525, 622, 
6.45 (mf only). 955. Cricket 
Scoreboard 720pm (VHF only). 
420am Charles Nova (s) 520 
Crim Berry (s) 720 Derek Jameson 
(s) 9.30 Ken Bruce (s) 1 1.00 
Jimmy Young. Legal problems 
answered by Andrew Phi Sips 
125pm David Jacobs (s) 225 
Gloria Hunniford (s) 320 David 
Hamilton (s) 525 Sarah Kennedy (s) 
720 World Cup Special. 

Scotland v Uruguay 820 Radio 2 
Festival of Music (s) 925 Sports 
Desk 1020 Niaif Murray sings 
1020 Berrue Clifton's demtedy 
Shop. 11.00 Angela Rippon (stereo 
from midnight) 120am Jean 
Chalks presents Niahtnde (s) 320- 
420 A Little Night Music (s) 


Radio 1 


and Shostakovich (String 
Quartet No 8) 

220 Pioneerx(3]Ptano 
pioneers. American 

music by, among 
others. Copland. Griffes, 
Omstein, Rlegger. Rudhyar 
and Ruth Se^er. 

Presented by Yvar 
Mikhashoff 

4,00 Chora) Evensong; from 
the Chapel ri St John's 
College, Cambridge. 425 
News 

520 Mainly for Pleasure: 
recorded 

rmJSkLpresanted by Fritz 
Spiegl 

620 Guitar music: Sven 
Lundestad plays works 
by Gilbert Siberian, Federico 
Moreno-Tr 


On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on the half hour from 
620am until 920pm and at 12.00 
midnight. 

520am Adrian John 720 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 920 
Simon Baras 1220pm 

NntMhanf IPranlr DurnMnn] 1225 


inster 
ng iis 
jrtsey) 
ncr of 
t News 
iPress. 
ipleied 

L APV 
er 2p to 
lied its 
ent to 
■n Be rv- 
lc acting 
another 
LPV at 

r a total 
tares, or 
; votes. 
l 955p. 


contest Princess 
Margaret wftl present the 
cup. 

12.15 Weather 1 , 


11*50 FBm: The Gorgon (19& 
starring Peter Cusning, 
Christopher Lee and 
Barbara Shaitey. 
Vfflaaflfrs to Bavaria are 
terrified by a series of 
murders to whrch.the 
victims are turned to 
stone. Directed by 
Terence Fisher. 

1.15 Night Thoughts. 


1000 Please God: Putting ft ' 

Right Intitesaccra . 
programme about fete 
andfflvlne intervention, 
Susan Crosland talks to 
people who beKeve in 
miracies, among them the 
Bfehop.of-DurhBttr.- 
1040 Newsnlght The latest 
national and International 
news including extended 
coverage of one of the 
mato stories of the day. 
WHhJohnTusa, Peter 
Snow, Donald 
MacCoomick and Olivia 
O'Leary, wito Ian Smith 
and Jarmi Murray. 

1125 Weather. - 1 

1120 The Lords This Week. 
Christopher Jones - 
presents highiWtts of the 
week's proceedings to 
the House of Lords. 

12.10 Whistle Test Richard 
Skinner is wffo Genesis 
as they complete the 
.recording of their latest 
tftjum; in the studio are 
Sandie Shaw and 
Htpsway;andatthe 
Town and Country Club 
- are Australian band, The 

Model&(r) Ends at 1.15 
am. 


teacher to dinner, with 

Collections. Roy : 
Lancaster visits Birr 
Castle, in Ireland. The 


: : U • > 1 1 { i '• 


• nave bean in the family of 
.. . the present owner. The 
Eariof Ross, since 162), 

. contain the world's 
takest box hedge and 
many ptents brought back 
from botanical 
expeditions, particularly 
China, sponsored by the 

ex-husband enter a 
M *«nce contest (Oracle). 

1020 Caring hi the 
Community. Five 
disabled people talk 
about their efforts to 
achieve independence. 
Presented by Rudl Bos. 

1120 Goff. Highlights of the 
first two days of the US 


420 Kaleidoscope. Another 
etianoe to hear last 
night's edition of the arts 

magazine. 

5.00 PM: Newsmagazine.' 




Tonight 

1120 Week Ending (s) A 
satirical review of the 
week's news. 

1220 News; Weather. 1223 
Shipping 

VHF (available in England and 
s Wales only) as above 
except: 525520am Weather, 
Travel 1120-1220For 
Schools 1120 Singing 
Together (s) 1120 
Introducing Geography. 1120 
The Music Box (s) 1120 
See for Yourself. 125-320pm 
For Schools: 1^ 

Listening Comer (s) 225 Let's 
Join In 225 Coming Up in 
Music (s) 2.30 Lets Make a 
Story! (s) 2.40 Listen! (s) 
520-525 PM (continued). 
1220-1.10am Schools 
Night-time Broadcasting; 
GCSE History. 


Radio 3 


On medium wave. VHF variations at 

QT|(J 

625 Weather. 7.00 News 
7.05 Concert Haczewski 
(Symphony fn D), Chopin 
(Andante spianato and 
Grande Polonaise in E 
flat, with Vasary at piano), 
Suk (Serenade fri E ftet).. 

8.00 News ' 


Moreno-Torroba. and 
Nikita Koshkin 

725 Ravel: BBC Philharmonic 
(under Maksymiuk). with 
Jean- Philippe Collard 
(piano). Valsas nobles et 
sentimentaies: Piano 
Concerto for left hand; 
Foeme choregraphique; and 
La Vaise 

820 Aldeburgh Festival 1986: 
Amadeus String Quartet. 
With Murray Perahia (piano). 
From Snepe Mattings. 

Part one. Schubert (Quartet 
in D minor, D 810. Death 
and the Maiden) 

825 Soviet Town and 
Country: talk about 
Russian literature by Mary 
Seton-Watson (r) 

925 Aldeburgh Festival 
(contd): Brahms (Piano 
Quartet No 1 in G minor, Op 

920 Tha Big Novel: Mel 
Caiman's radio comedy 
has a cast headed by 
Richard Griffiths ana 
Peter Woodthorpe. Music by 
Peter Howell 

1020 Richard Rodney Bennett: 

Nash Ensemble play 
Com media id, for ten 
instruments 

1020 Nocturne; Smetana * 
(Consolation: 

Novotny, piano), Ftoich (kfylfc , 



The Beaton Track L4S A Pariaa _ 

News 229 Review Of The British 

^ Fteoftie And PoBtfcs 

&00 News 329 News Aaout Bntain 3.15 
*45 Reflections <20 Rnan- 
2" "WeS 00 N#ws Mi Twentyfbur 

Hours &4fi Worfel Totty. Al timw tear. 


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FRIDAY JUNE 13 1986 


Scotland are 
facing an 
uphill battle 


If Graeme Souness were not 
Scotland's captain, his place 
might well be in jeopardy for 
the tense remaining match 
against Uruguay here at Neza 
today. In his third Work! Cup 
competition, bis 33 years were 
beginning to show against 
West Germany by the finish. 
The beat in Mexico is proving 
far more arduous than is the 
altitude. 

Alex Ferguson, aware that 
Souness's experience is not 
necessarily a compensation 
far bis dedining mobility, will 
probably have him in the line- 
up until, and assuming, Scot- 
land have settled against the 
Uruguayans, and then replace 
him with Paul McStay. No 
manager enjoys the prospect 
of neniing to drop a respected 
and valuable captain. 

Ferguson has been talking, 
pnsp crifically, of “freshening 
up" the midfield for a match 
. which Scotland have to win to 
remain in the competition. 
“We lost the first two, so I 
have to get it right this time," 
Ferguson has said in frank 
self-appraisal. Yet it is true to 
say that be has twice brought 
his team so near to success 
against the sternest opposition 
there is. 

. Uruguay, who were, and for 
the moment still are, my fancy 
to reach tbe final, are no less in 
need of victory. Their goal 
difference of minus five, hav- 
ing attacked when 2-1 down 
with 10 men against Denmark 
and having been plundered in 
the process, means they need 
both points in third place to be 
superior to Bulgaria, who have 
two points in Group A. 
Hungary's goal difference ef- 
fectively eliminates them. 


From David Miller, Mexico City 

1 Uruguay will be limited by i 
: the absence through suspen- i 
r sion of Bossio, their sweeper i 
j from Penarol and Barrios, 

1 their centre back who is j 
J injured. If Scotland can cany a 
: the game to them, they have a i 
1 chance, but they can expat ] 
* Uruguay to be uncompromis- ( 
5 ingly tough and obstructive. ] 



The discipline of the French 
referee, Quiniou, will be im- 
portant. My expectation is 
that Uruguay will get at least a 
draw and that Scotland, for 
the fourth time in a row, will 
go out of the competition at 
the end of tbe first round, 
having this time played with 
merit. 

There is, unexpectedly and 
encouragingly, some slight 
hope that Nicholas win have 
recovered enough for Fejgu- 
son to gamble on his return. If 
not, the front two will proba- 
bly be Sturrock, who is fit 
again and has tbe ability to 
turn Uruguay's close marker, 
and Sharp. The odds on 
Nicholas being able to be 
wholly competitive are, in my 
opinion, slight He could be 
ready for the second round if 
only the Scots can make it 

There is thought to be some 
doubt about the inclusion of 
Aitken in midfield, but the 
choice is limited unless Fereu- 
son is to move Malpas for- 
ward from bade line. The 


probable midfield at the start 
is Strachan, Souness, Aitken 
and NicoL 

With McLeish recovered, 
hopefully, from his stomach 
ailment the back line should 
be at full strength, but they 
have to cope with two of the 
cleverest forwards in the final, 
Francescoli and Da Silva. It is 
these two upon whom Uru- 
guay will be relying for 
recovery. 

Ferguson has been impres- 
sive in the way he has mar- 
shalled his forces in 
attempting to match an ardu- 
ous assignment which has 
produced some of the best 
football we have seen. Few of 
the teams progressing to the 
second round would have 
survived in Group E, and all 
the forebodings beforehand 
have proved well-founded At 
this stage, however, it is no use 
the Scots looking back to their 
superb first half against the 
Danes, to the fact that they 
took the lead against West 
Germany and for some of the 
match gained control of the 
midfield. It was not enough 
and by narrow margins they 
lost both. 

As against Germany, Fergu- 
son will be hoping to get 
control of the match in the 
middle, and to get men for- 
ward quickly in support of the 
forwards to put pressure on a 
Uruguayan defence which has 
been shown to be suspect. 
Strachan and Nicol are capa- 
ble of doing thi*. In the final 
analysis, however, individual 
ability is likely to turn the 
result and on tbe ball there is 
no doubt that the Uruguayans 
are the more skilful. 


Denmark aim to pick up 
where they left off 


Denmark plan to resume 
where they left, off in their 
dazzling 6-t trouncing of Uru- 
guay when they face West 
Germany in their final world 
Cup Group E match today. 

Denmark need just one 
point to top the section, but 
tbe idea of playing for a draw 
is totally alien to the stylish 
Danes, who, according to 
coach Sepp Piontek, love tbe 
game so much they always 
want to go forward. 

“When they score one goal, 
all they want to do is score 
another. It's hard to persuade 
them that they must worry a 
little about defence sometimes 
too," admitted Piontek. 

Both sides are already cer- 
tain of reaching the second 
round, but the important mat- 
ter of prestige is at stake, and 
the game promises much. 

Traditionally one of the 
giants of European Football, 


West Germany's pride would 
be severely wounded if they 
lost to a tiny nation of just five 
million people on their north- 
ern bonier. 

Although Piontek is a West 
German, be will have no 
divided loyalties once die 
match starts. “I may have a 
German passport, but I have a 
Danish heart," he said. 

Victory for the Danes will 
be a remarkable achievement, 
giving them maximum points 
from by far the toughest group 
in the competition. It would 
also leave them with the 
unwelcome pressure of being 
World Cup favourites, and it 
remains to be seen whether 
they can keep up their scintil- 
lating play over the whole 
distance of the tournament. 

Denmark will be without 
injured defensive midfielder, 
Jens Joem Bertelsen, who is 
likely io be replaced by Liver- 


pool powerhouse Jan Moelby. 

Soeren Lerby, who faces 
Bayern Munich colleagues, 
Lothar Matthaeus and Klaus 
Augenthaler, is expected to 
take over Bertelsen’s role with 
Moelby pushing further 
forward. 



Morocco 

England 


Portugal 



USSR 
France 
| Hitfigary 

Canada 


! Brazil 
Span 
N Ireland 
Algeria 


THE *$S8& TIMES 


SPORT 


First pub&sbed in 1785 





Action replay: Lineker (centre) beats Polish goalkeeper, Mlynarczyk, for tbe second of three goals that woke up England 


Passarella 
bemoans 
poor luck 

Mexico City (AF) - Daniel 
Passarella, of Argentina, his 


Ecstasy at last for 
unselfish Tigana 


West German manager 
Franz Beckenbauer has the 
thankless task of deciding 
whom to leave out of his 
much-improved side. 

Captain Karl-Heinz 
Rummenigge is fit again after 
a persistently injury, but may 
not be able to force his way 
into a team which is improv- 
ing with every game. 

Normally, tbe likeliest way 
candidates to make way for 
him would be Cologne club 
colleagues, Klaus Allofe, who 
has scored in both games to 
date, and Pierre utttarski, 
who is in brilliant form. 

World Cup 
results 
and tables 

Wednesday 

Group B (at Mexico C&y) 

SWco fll b* ffl# 

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KhanlZi. Owartno 

Alter* 


face registering deep disap- 
pointment, believes his bad 
lock is pursuing him in this 
World Cup although he might 
still play if his team reach tbe 
semi-finals. 

“I’m very bitter.** 
Passarella. aged 33, said. "I 
had looked forward to this 
Worid Cup with aD my heart, 
but fate has dealt me a bad 
hand." His series of setbacks 
mimiTMtfftrl with a tom calf 
muscle in his left leg during 
tr aining for the match with 
Bulgaria on Tuesday. 

Argentina's most experi- 
enced World Cup player 
missed tbe 3-1 victory over 
South Korea and the 1-1 draw 
with Italy in the first round 
through a s tomach ailment. 

Tbe defender Mamed his 
latest iqjury on the loss 10 
pounds during a stomach 
illness. He said bad luck was 
dogging him as he alone 
among 40 members in the 
Argentine camp had been hit 
by the parasitic illness. "It is 
fated that this World Cup isn't 
for me," he said. 

Passarella expects the mus- 
cle to heal within the next 10 
days and that he might then 
play if Argentina reach the 
semi-finals. “Yon have to 
watch the Worid Cup without 
playing to know what I'm 
suffering,” he said. 

Altobelli goal 
was own goal 

Alessandro Ahobelfi, the Ital- 
ian forward, has been deprived 
of his third goal against South 
Korea. FIFA have ruled that his 
third effort was an own goal by a 
Korean defender after they stud- 
ied video apes of tbe game. 

Altobelli, who is joint leading 
scorer in the tournament on 
four, with Preben Elkjaer, of 
Denmark said; “I'm not going to 
make a fuss about it, but I'll 
keep on believing it was my 
goal.” 


Le6n (Renter) - It was over 
in a flash, but Jean Tigana's 
six-year wait for a goal for 
France was over. In France’s 
last World Cap Group C 
match, an exchange of passes 
with Dominique Rochefoan 
brought the lithe midfield 
player a free flick heme for the 
second goal in the 3-0 win over 
Hungary, which propelled the 
Emopean champions into the 
second round. 

Tigana, a model of tenacity 


waited since his debat against 
the pncckm* in Moscow on 
May 23, 1980. Tm relieved 
becanse everyone has been 
waiting for me to score," he 
said. Tigana’s career 
blossomed in tbe 1982 Worid 

Cnp in Spain when he replaced 

Platini in the second round 
a gainst Austria in Madrid. 

Since then, Tigana has be- 
come an indispensable mem- 
ber of arguably the world's 
finest midfield quartet along- 
side Platini, Giresse and 
Fernandez. France, have often 
been g r a teful for Tigana’s 
haid-nmniag, onselfish game, 
most graphically illustrated in 
the 1984 European Champioo- 
ship when he surged through 
the Pnrtagaese defence to lay 
on the extra-time winner for 
Platini in the Sam-final and 
his outstanding performance 
is the final victory over Spain. 

But Henri Michel, the 
French manager, has given 
Tigana a more defensive role 
in Mexico. “Against the Rus- 
sians I was a second stopper 
becanse they have two superb 
strikers" he said. “I'm doing 
individual marking, which al- 
lows others more freedom." 

France surprised world foot- 
ball by reaching the semi- 
finals of the 1982 World Cap, 
but they now carry a peater 
harden as highly ranked con- 
tenders. “Spain was a an 
adventure. Now we’re ebampi- 


SPORT IN BRIEF 


PWDL F A Ft 

3 1 2 0 3 1 4 

3 111 3 13 

3 111 1 3 3 

3 1 0 2 2 4 2 


GROUP A 

P W D L F API 

3 2 1 0 6 2 5 

3 1 2 0 5 4 4 

3 0 2 1 2 4 2 

3 0 1 2 4 7 1 

GROUP C 

PWDL F API 
3 2 1 0 9 1 5 

3 2 1 0 5 1 5 

3 1 0 2 2 9 2 

3 0 0 3 0 5 0 

GROUP D 

PWDL F APt 
2 2 0 0 2 0 4 

2 10 1 3 2 2 
2 0 1 1 2 3 1 

2 0 11 1 2 1 


Quality in an age of change. 


GROUP E 

PWDL F APt 

Denmark 2 2 0 0 7 1 4 

W Germany 2 1 1 0 3 2 3 

Uruguay 2 0 1 1 2 7 1 

ScofonS 2 0 0 2 1 3 0 

Today’s fixtures 

QwpE 

Uruguay v Scotland (at 
Nezafuanayofl. 7pm). (TV. 

West Germany v Denmark (at 
Ouerotaro, 7pm). 


Confident 

Camacho 

New York (Reuter) — Hec- 
tor “Macho" Camacho is 
strongly favoured to retain his 
Worid Boxing Council title at 
Madison Square Garden to- 
night The flamboyant confi- 
dent Camacho, who was born 
in Puerto Rico and lives in the 
United States, will defend his 
lightweight crown in a 12- 
round bout against Edwin 
“Chapo" Rosario, of Puerto 
Rico. 

“Macho Man," aged 24, has 
a 29-0 record with 16 knock- 
outs, and will be making his 
first appearance in New York 
since he knocked out the 
American, Louis Loy, in July, 
1982. Camacho is expecting 
similar results against 
Rosario. 

“Rosario said he's going to 
knock me out” Camacho 
said. “He can't 1 got the best 
jab in the business. I've fot all 
the tools and I'm polished. 
Rosario is trying to be Cama- 
cho with Camacho.” 

Rosario, aged 23. who is 
ranked No. 1 by the WBC 
with a record of 23-1 with 19 
knockouts, lost his tide in San 
Juan, Puerto Rico, on May 1, 
1984, when he was knocked 
out in the fourth round by the 
Mexican. Jose Luis Ramirez. 

Daniel deal 

Brian Horton, manager of 
Hull City, has gone tack to his 
old football club to lure the 
Luton midfield player, Ray 
DanieL on a free transfer. 
Daniel aged 21, will sign soon 

after agreeing to terms for two 

years. 



Gowers: Asian missions 


OQ8 of Europe much, more is 
expected of ns," Tigana said. 

■Much of what is expected of 
France rests cm the shoulders 
of Platini, who sur prisingly 
has yet to score in the tourna- 
ment. Nevertheless Michel 
Hidalgo, the former French 
who came so dose to 
taking bis team to tbe 1982 
Worid Cup final, believes 
Platini's experience in Italy 
will be tbe key to next 
Tuesday's match against Italy, 
the world champions — espe- 
cially if the French skipper 
and Tigana wish to celebrate 
then- 31st birthdays in Mexico 
around the quarter-finals 
stage and have not by then 
taken a plane home. 

“France’s chances are 50- 
50," Hidalgo said. “It's tbe 
world champions against the 
European champions. Sat 
France has one seoretweapon 

MORE WORLD CUP 
. NEWS, PAGE 38 

that will be tbe key to the 
matrli- Platini knows foe Ital- 
ian players and their style of 

Play” 

Platini, regarded by many 
as tbe best pbtyer in the world, 
plays in the Italian league with 
Javentus. “Platini wifi be tbe 
psychological key. He hasn’t 
yet fbmid his best form. But 
playing against the Italians is 
the perfect spark for him," 
Hidalgo said. 

Asked bow the French side 
compared with his Worid Cnp 
team of four years ago, which 
lost a penalty shoot-out to 
West Germany in the semi- 
final, Hidalgo said: “It's the 
same side, except with two new 
young strikers, Papin and 
Stopyra. ft’s the same style, an 
a Har king style." Describing 
the secret of the French style, 
which has delighted football 
fans around the world, Hidal- 
go said: “Vivacity of spirit, 
vivacity of movement" 


More drive 

Montreal (Reuter) - Nigel 
Mansell the British driver, 
fresh from his victory in last 
month's Belgian Grand Prix, 
says he is confident of his 
preparations for the C a nadi a n 
Formula One event on Sun- 
day: He finished sixth in the 
event last year. Mansell is 
third in the drivers’ champi- 
onship with 18 points against 
25 for Ayrton Senna, of Brazil, 
and 23 for Alain Prost, of 
France. Mansell says his 
Honda-powered Williams is a 
better car than the one which 
he raced here last year. 


Double defence Canoe regatta 


Gillian Gowers will defend 
her singles and doubles bad- 
minton titles in the Malaysian 
Open, from July 10 to 12. The 
Milton Keynes-based player 
will also compete in tbe 
Indonesian Open, , from July 
17 to 20, alongside other top 
English players. Gowers will 
be the only player to line up in 
all three sections in Malaysia 
and Indonesia, Steve 
Baddeley Unking up with 
Gowers in an experimental 
mixed partnership. 

Rugby ban 

Brynmawr rugby club are 
the first to suffer from the 
Welsh Rugby Union's “get- 
tough” policy over lack of 
discipline on the field- They 
are out of next season’s 
Schweppes Cup competition 
before it starts. Brynmawr 
have been tanned from play- 
ing until September 14 and 
they were unlucky enough to 
be in the first preliminary 
round of the cup when the 
draw was made yesterday. 


Ten countries will be com- 
peting in the Nottin g h amshir e 
international canoe regatta at 
Holme Pierrepont this week- 
end- More than 300 competi- 
tors from 50 British dubs wdl 

be taking part in domestic 
competitions at the - same 
time. The Soviet Union, who 
were expected to pose a major 
challenge in the main event, 
are notable absentees. 

Extra punch 

John SOlitoe, the Jersey 
bantamweight, who was beat- 
en in the quarter-finals or the 
Amateur Boxing Association 
championships by the eventu- 
al winner, Sean Murphy, has 
been added to the Channel 
Island's team for Ihe. Com- 
monwealth Games in Edin- 
burgh next month. 

Grew move 

The goalkeeper, Mark 
Grew, aged 28,;giveh a free 
transfer by Ipswich Town, tas 
signed for Port V^e, the third 
division football ade. 


Whistle is 
blown on 
shamming 
injuries 

Mexico City (AF) - Worid 
Cup referees trying to cut out 
game-delaying fake injuries by 
winded, thirsty footballers are 
quickly summoning stretchers 
to haul tbe fallen players off 
the field. “Referees have been 
directed not to tolerate any 
gamesmanship,” Guido 
Tognoni, a spokesman for 
FIFA, the sport's international 
ruling body, said. 

He said there have been no 
formal instructions to referees 
to rush injured players off the 
field, but that there is a general 
directive to referees to punish 
simulations. “It is always a 
tough derision whether to let 
the doctor on the field," 
Togoni said. “The referee has 
to judge whether the player is 
injured or just tired and 
thirsty- Wedon't want players 
lying around for minutes and 
then see they are fine as soon 
as the stretcher comes.”' 

Referees in the first round 
have not hesitated to summon 
tire stretcher, and often de- 
mand that fallen players move 
off the field, gesturing emphat- 
ically toward the touch-line. 
Frequently, he stands np as 
soon as tbe stretcher arrives. 
“We want to see a player given 
care,” Tognoni said, “but not 
on the field.” 

He said the referee is given 
the authority to make deri- 
sions on how to react to 
injuries or to malingering. 
“We don't want coaches giv- 
ing tactical instructions," 
Tognoni said. He added that 
undo- FIFA rules, only the 
referee can permit the doctor 
and trainers to come onto the 
field. He stressed that match 
officials want to ensure that 
play stops immediately for 
any serious injury. 

However. Tognoni said a 
referee has to be very careful 
about interruptions. “Some- 
times it is a big advantage for 
one team, to stop play,” he 
said. The referee also has the 
authority to caution any play- 
er he believes is delaying 
through faking an injury. 
There have been several inci- 
dents at tbe World Cup where 
the referee has stood over a 
fallen player, warning him to 
resume play or face a formal 
caution. 

Tognoni said that the prop- 
er way to halt the game if a 
player is down is for his team- 
mates to kick the tall off the 
field so the referee can assess 
the injury. 

Canadians bid 
farewell 
to first finals 

Leon (Reuter) — Canada's 
squad left for home yesterday 
after, playing- -in - their first 
World Cup finals. The Cana- 
dians, who finished fast in 
Group C after defeats by 
France, Hungary and Russia, 
left their Atasolo base- for 
Leon airport, 100km away, 
and were then flying on to 
Mexico City. 

Hungary, who finished 
third in the group, arrived in 
Mexico City yesterday for a 
few days’ sightseeing. They are 
scheduled to fly home at the 
weekend. Their manager, 
Gyorgy Mezey, abandoned all 
hope of his side qualifying for 
the second round as one of the 
third-place finishers aftet they 
conceded six grads against the 
Russians 

•Guadalajara (Reuter) — 
About 500 . Brazilian World 
Cup supporters have packed 
up and gone home either 
through homesickness or dis- 
appointment and hundreds 
more seem set 'to join them. 

“I have followed the Brazil- 
ian team since the 1 962 World 
Cup in Chile and I've never 
been so frustrated," Jose 
America, aged 72 and a re tired 
c^vil servant, said 


England 
to the 
manner 
born 


wmjDj 


English football has some- 
thing to give to the world, and I 

am not in the first instance 
talking about their timely 
recovery to dispose of lethar- 
gic Poland. The victory was 
achieved wholly without tbe 
gamesmanship or deliberate 
dirty play of most of the 18 
teams I have so for seen in 
Mexico. Fenwick at times 
jeopardizes his reputation and, 
having had two bookings, will 
now nghtly nriss the second- 
round match against 
Paraguay- 

Even without the relief af- 
forded by tbe belated victory to 
those tortured sporting follow- 
ers at home, and the several 
thousand out here who are 
largely behaving with good 
humour, it is satisfying tint 
Englan d should be setting an 
example in standards which 
are under the threat of extinc- 
tion. The team may be a trifle 
short on magic, bat it is 
commendable that they should 
remain correct on manners. 
Technical shortcomings would 
be ho excase for a descent into 
tbe wilful meanness of many 
other rides by the country 
which stiB represents some 
dements of lair play. 

A huge global audience of 
well-wishers from Scandinavia 
to the Far East who regularly 
enjoy televised English foot- 
ball were hoping England 
would climb ort of the dot- 
drams. This belief is not 
vanity, hot is justified by the 

Improvement came 
about by accident 

views of the many internation- 
al journalists whom one en- 
counters daily in this 
maelstrom of media. 

Many other nations hate to 
see England struggle: for how- 
ever naive, however bereft at 
times of tactical intelligence, 
subtlety or individual sldli, 
English football for them 
means something vi go rous and 
fresh and appealing. I hasten 
to add that such a view is not 
largely held north of Gretna: A 
Scottish colleague ordered two 
bottles of Dom Perignan at 
£150 when- Morocco put it 
across us. 

So it is no self-admiration to 
say that England's upswing 
has enlivened the World Cnp, 
and not just for i. HHI and all 
those who have lashed out on 
satellite time. The revival has 
given a new dimension to a 
competition dominated, 
France and Denmark apart, by 
a safety-first mentality. 

What remains dist urbin g, 
when considering any further 
progress by England, is that 
the improvement happened 
almost by. accident; certainly 
Bobby Robson's change of 
direction ms largely imposed 
rather than voluntary. The 
consequence was that sudden- 
ly the team has shape, cohe- 
sion, rhythm and, sot least, 1 1 
fit men. 

The belated acknowledg- 
ment by tiie manager that 
there was no room for his 
injured captain — it is worry- 
ing that another shoulder dis- 
location in Los Angeles was 
seemingly withheld from pub- 
lic knowledge — together with 
tbe suspension of Wilkins, 
produced a middle Une of four 
which was more in tone 

Manager had 
been deceived 

with the demand of environ- 
ment and opposition. 

Whatever the process of 
selection, the effect was imme- 
diate. Eng land were now dou- 
bly improved from the 
previous two matches: com- 
pact, yet flexible, behind two 
mobile frodt-nmners. Hodge 
and Beardsley quickly estab- 
lished understanding on die 
left, the Evertou trio of Ste- 
vens, Bad and St even harmo- 
nized on the right- With 
Hodge, Reid and Steven all 
biting, covering and chasing 
the opposition, Hoddle now 
bad dw freedom to become an 
architect without a responsi- 
bility defensively to fill spaces 
and tackle. Against Portugal 
and Morocco, midfield oppo- 
nents were stream ing past 
hint; there was no room for 
him and Wilkins in a line of 
three. Now England were hack 
to the solidity ofl982. 

I sympathize with Bobby 
Robson in his belief, main- 
tained' over four years and 
bora out of his days at 
Ipswich, in the use of a winger. 
Haying* discovered, however, 

as Ramsey did, that he had no 
winger consistently reliable, 
be should have opted for the 
more prosaic but dependable 
44-2. Hateley Is nothing with- 
out a winger who w31 regularly 
■find ins head: tire principle 
had fallen fiat. The "wnatfr 
had been deceived, like others, 
by the team’s misleadingly 
successful record against mod- 
erate opposition. 

Now they have taken heart, 
but reservations .remain. The 
defence is suspect and the 
really smart foams jfe ahead. 




& - 
Hvv.