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No 62,484 

MONDAY JUNE 16 1986 

as blacks 
mark Soweto 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

The official death toll in phers were forbidden by the claimed responsibility for the 
mtinuing violence in South police, in terms of the emer- bombing, Mr Meliet said, but 

continuing violence in South 
Africa since the imposition of 
a national state of emergency 
on Thursday reached 22 at the 
weekend as the country braced 
itself for the tenth anniversary 
today of the 1976 Soweto 

Three of the dead, all wom- 
en, were killed by a car bomb 
which exploded late on Satur- 
day outside a restaurant on a 
stretch of the Durban beach- 
front known as the Golden 

- .Sixty-tune people, mostly 
white, were injured, mainly by 
flying glass. 

The Deputy Minister of 
Information, Mr Louis Nei, 
described the bombing as “a 
ghastly attack of terror,” 
aimed at creating “panic 
among the population at 
large”. He urged Western 
countries to acknowledge that 
“terrorism is a worldwide 
scourge” which could not be 
condoned anywhere. 

The casualty figures were 
given at a press conference in 
Pretoria by Mr Leon Meliet, a 
senior official in the 
Government's Bureau for In- 
formation, which is the only 
official source of information 
about incidents of violence 
and unrest. 

The Addington Hospital in 
Durban, where many of the 
injured were taken, said it had 
instructions not to release any 
information aboat casualties. 

Hehneted troops carrying 
rifles ringed off the area of the 
explosion, and press photogra- 

Sales record 

‘Sales of The Tunes for May 
averaged 503,000 copies a 
day. the highest monthly fig- 
ure that the paper has ever 


Women of 

gency regulations, from taking 
pictures of the damage. 

Photographs and television 
footage taken by the police 
were made available yesterday 
evening by the Bureau for 

According to Mr Meliet, 
those killed were two white 
women, aged 22 and 28, who 
died instantly, and an Indian 
woman, of about 30, who died 
soon after- being admitted to 

.Of the injured of whom 15 _ . _ 

were still in hospital but not in Durban in December killed 

five whiles. 

EEC embargo 7 * Wack J naD * w f° 

^ . . ' said he was acting under 

M“g«be ba cks vio lence 7 ^ fl^ANC. n 

Church quandary 7 later apprehended and con- 

Plea by sports stars 7 victed of murder. 

Defying the world 12 Th e l j ni j II g 0 f ± e Saturday 

of * em is, e M isr sition of the 

A Coloured, an Indian add a e ™ cr sf Tur y. 
black, aft men, were also In the past the South Am- 

injured. Mr Meliet was unable 08,1 Government has often 
to give the race and sex of responded by launchmeat- 

bombmg, Mr Meliet said but 
“it falls in line with the 
(outlawed. African National 
Congress's) adopted policy of 
bitting soft targets". 

The only previous car 
bombing— for which the AN C 
did accept responsibility — 
was in Pretoria in 1983. and 
occurred outside the head- 
quarters of the Air Force, 
killing 19 people, and injuring 
more than 200 of all races. 

A bomb. planted in a beach- 
front shopping centre south of 
Durban in December killed 

seven of the injured 

The bomb contained be- 
tween 50 and 100 lb of explo- 
sives, Mr Melltet said, and 
had been left in a blue Ford 
Cortina car, which had been 
stolen from a local panel- 

The bomb also damaged 
two hotels on either side of the 
restaurant and destroyed or 
damaged a number of other 

No organization had yet 

tacks on ANC bases or offices 
in neighbouring states. 

According to the Bureau for 
Information, seven other peo- 
ple, all blade males, were 
killed in “unrest-related 
incidents” in the 24 hours to 
noon yesterday. He said four 
of the dead were “black mod- 
erates murdered by radicals” 
and three had been killed 
during anti-riot action by the 

Continued on page 16, col 1 

Tory MPs warn of 
split on sanctions 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

The Government is facing a Mr George Gardiner, Con- 
deepemng. split in the Conser- servative MP for Keigate who 
yative. Early as it' considers' tabl&S the motion' signed by 

how to respond to the demand more than 70 Tories opposing 
.from the Commonwealth for sanctions, said yesterday that 
tough sanctions against South they had been satisfied with 


In advance of tomorrow’s 
Commons debate on South 

the Prime Minister's line of 
opposition to sanctions in her 
interview on Friday and ex- 

Africa. up to 80 Conservative pected nothing which conflict- 
MPs are warning that they wui ed with that view to appear in 
rebel against further strong the Government motion, 

Mr John Carlisle, MP for 

Rex Bellamy pays 
court to the skills, 
excitement and 
colour of tennis’s 
battling heroines 

• The £8,000 weekly 
prize in The Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition was won 
outright by Mr Robert 
Jones of Heysham 
Road, London N15. 

• Saturday’s £4,000 
daily prize was won by 
Mr Samuel Mortimer, of 
Durban Road, Watford, 

• There is another 

£4,000 to be won in 
today’s competition. 
Portfolio list page 21; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 16. 

Connors doubt 

Jimrav Connors could miss 
Wimbledon as a result of an 
injurv. He withdrew from the 
final ' of the Stella Artois 
championships at Queen's 
Club yesterday because of a 
groin strain sustained in the 
semi-final. Page 29 

Fast grass, pflgelO 

Mansell wins 

The British driver, Nigd 
ManselL won the Canadian 
Grand Prix, his second 
successive victory in the 1986 
Formula One championship. 

And they are malting dear Luton North, said that he and 
that that warning embraces', others would be telling the 
the sort of measures the Prime Minister that “enough 
Government is expected to is enough. One further step on 
consider in line with the the escalator of sanctions and 
Nassau agreement including you will alienate a large sec- 
cutting air links to South tion of the Conservative 
Africa, ending Government Party.” 
assistance to investment in He added: “We will oppose 
and trading with South Africa the Government, if need be in 
and a ban on the import of the voting lobbies, if there is 
fruit from South Africa. any hint of further pun live 

But as some Conservative measures.” 

MPS begin to draw a parallel However, Mrs Thatcher is 
with the Rhodesian sanctions receiving different ad vie 
issue which seriously divided from, it is understood, both 
the Tories, especially in oppo- Sir Geoffrey and Lord White- 
srtion under the last Labour law, the deputy prime minis- 
government, there is" growing ter, who believe that measures 
pressure on the Prime Minis- must be taken and the rebels 
ter from ministers and MPs to faced down if necessary, 
agree to measures serious But Mr Jerry Wiggin, MP 
enough to stop the Common- for Weston-super-Mare, and 
wealth breaking up. an opponent of sanctions, said 

The Government's prelimi- in the BBC programme This 
nary approach will be spelt out IVeek Next Week that sanc- 
by Sir Geoffrey Howe, the lions would hurt Britain far 

Foreign Secretary, at a meet- more than South Africa, 
ing or EEC foreign ministers The Prime Minister's ap- 
in Luxembourg today. proach remains one of opposi- 

He will speak in tomorrow's tion to all-out economic 
debate and unless they are sanctions and a refusal to be 

provoked by the wording of rushed into derisions, 
the Government motion to be She accepts the need for 

tabled in response to the extra “measures” but clearly 




Moscow (Renter) — The 
Soviet Communist Party has 
dismissed two top managers at 
the Chernobyl nuclear plant, 
Pravda said yesterday in a 
report disclosing the foist pun-, 
ishment of senior officials 
since the April 26 accident. 

The newspaper said a meet- 
ing of the Kiev region party 
had been called to discuss 
problems with the rescue oper- 
ation. It dismissed the plant's 
director, V. Bryukhanov, and 
chief engineer, N. Fomin. 

“In the difficult tirenm- 
stances of the accident, they 
were not able to provide 
correct and firm leadership 
and necessary discipline, they 
showed irresponsibility and 
mismanagement," Pravda 
said. “They did not manage to 
evaluate what had happened 
and to take key measures in 
organizing efficient work in all 
sections at the time to elimi- 
nate the consequences of the 

The head of the government 
commission looking into the 
disaster has Mamed local offi- 
cials for giving Moscow an 
incorrect assessment of what 
happened. Moscow came tra- 
der international criticism for 
not releasing information until 
two days after the accident 
The Kiev meeting also criti- 
| cized the party organization at 
the plant for the first time, 
saying it conld have done 
more. . 

Instead of monitoring the 
general situation around the 
plant, the party became too 
involved In day-to-day mat- 
ters, which should have been 
left to management, it said. 

Moscowoffitials have ac- 
knowledged that it took local 
officials 36 honrs to begin 
evacuating people from the 18- 
m3e security zone around the 

Both party and management 
had failed to tackle one of the 
most pressing problems — 
replacing people who had left 
their fobs at tire plant and not 
re tinned, Pravda said. 

“Because of a lack of organi- 
zational and ideological work 
with people, up to now a part of 
tire work-force at tire station is 
‘on the run.”’ Among them 
was a deputy director of the 
plant, R. Solovyov, and several 
shift leaders and senior 

Pravda also criticized trade, 
anion and party youth groups 
at tire plant for what it called 
lack of discipline. 

“positive” letter (o Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachev, the Sovi- 
et leader, urging that prepara- 
tions be started for a summit 
conference here. 

Senior officials confirmed 
at the weekend that Mr Rea- 
gan suggested Mr George 
Shultz, the Secretary of State, 
meet Mr Eduard Shevard- 
nadze. the Soviet Foreign 
Minister, anywhere in Europe 
to prepare the agenda. 

The letter, said to be in the 
spirit of the warm exchanges 
between the two leaders at the 
time of the Geneva Summit, 
was written last month and 
delivered -by Mr Arthur 
Hartman, the US Ambassador 
in Moscow.. No reply has yet 
been received". 

The Russians have refused 
to "set 3 date for the summit, 
originally proposed for this 
month, because of the lack of 
progress in arms control talks. 
News of Mr Reagan's message 
comes after a week of contu- 
sion within the Administra- 
tion over arras control 
policies, especially the status 
of the unratified and expired 

Mr Gorbachov was taken 
aback by the letter. “What do 
you make of this?” he said to 
Mr Leonid Zamyatin, the 
Soviet Ambassador to Lon- 
don, who was with him when 
the letter was delivered. “The 
President writes one thing, but 
says another thing about Salt.” 

The Soviet leader’s confu- 
sion was described yesterday 
by Dr Annand Hammer, the 
veteran chairman of Occiden- 
,tal and long-standing confi- 
dent of the Kremlin, who has 
frequently attempted to play 
the role of mediator in East- 
West relations. 

He told The Times yester- 
day: “I met President Reagan 

CDU cling on Thirteen hurt 
to power as express 

in Saxony poll is derailed 

From Frank Johnson By Staff Reporters 

®° nn Thirteen people were hurt 

The Christian Democrats whcn a Glasgow to Euston 

Opposition’s attack, ft' is un- believes they should fall short Pravda also criticized trade, 
likely that the Conservative of severely damaging the anion and party youth groups 
opponents of sanctions would South African economy or at the plant for what it called 
rebel in great numbers then.- harming British interests. lack of discipline. 

Industry pay rises outstrip inflation 

By Oar Industrial Staff last year, although inflation The CBI figures show pay 

.New figures from the Con- has fellen to 2.S per cent. rates in the main service 
federation of British Industry . Last week, the Government industries are rising even fast- 
con firm government fears that revealed average earnings er than in manufacturing, with 
pay rises are still far outstrip- (which include overtime) had average increases of 6.75 per 
ping inflation and threatening risen by an underlying 7J per f*ni* The Government is rely- 
competitiveness and jobs. cent. The CBI figures suggest on these industries to 

The CBI pay rfaiahanir the high pay settlements are create many new jobs, 
shows that pay rises. in manu- likely to continue, a trend Less “ an a tenth of pay 
factoring industry have aver- which the Government be- settlements this year have 
aged 6.25 per cent this year, lieves will undermine the * 3een below 4.5 per cent, 
only 0.25 per cent down on chances of creating more jobs. Details, page 17 

From Frank Johnson By Staff Reporters 

® onn Thirteen people were hurt 

The Christian Democrats whcn a Glasgow to Euston 
(CDU) last night narrowly express was derailed at Moth- 
retained control of the Land erwell station, Lanarkshire, 
(state) parliament of Lower yesterday. One of the thirteen 
Saxony. was believed to have had a 

Saxony. was believed to have had a 

The CDU won just over 44 heart attack, 
per cent of the vote, a fell of The train, the 4. 10 pm from 

more than six per cent from Glasgow, buckled and broke 
the last time the Land voted, in two at the station at 
in 1982. The Social Demo- 4.35 pm. 

Steel China 
moves takes on 
to heal world at 
rift bridge 

TTie Queen presenting a consolation rosette to the Prince of Wales yesterday after he had 
played polo for the Maple Leafs. They were defeated in the first round of the Horse and 
Hounds Cup at Windsor. (Photograph: Julian Herbert). 

‘Positive’ Reagan 
seeks summit date 

From Michael Binyon, Washington i 

President Reagan has sent a at (he theatre last week ini 

Washington. During the inter- 
. mission he told me be was still 
awaiting a reply from Gorba- 
chov to his letter. It was a 
warm, friendly letter in which 
he also expressed his sympa- 
thy for the misfortune over 

Dr Hammer decided to use 
his influence to try to resched- 
ule the meeting, cancelled in 
May. between Mr Shultz and 
Mr Shevardnadze. 

He realized, he said, that 
last week's conflicting state- 
ments in Washington on Salt 
would create even greater 
confusion in Moscow on 
American intentions. So while 
in London he went to see Mr 
Zamyatin on Friday. 

At the same time he called 
on Mrs Thatcher, who was, in 
his words, -‘startled” to learn 
that the White House had just 
contradicted President Rea- 
gan’s Wednesday press confer- 
ence statements on Salt by 
saying the treaty was dead. “Is 
this so?" she said, turning to 
her aides. 

“I would hope she commu- 
nicated with the President and 
with Mr Shultz to get a 
clarification” Dr Hammer 
said. “Thai seems to be the 
reason for Mr Shultz denying 
on Friday that Salt was dead 
and praising recent Soviet 
arms proposals.” 

When he told Mr Zamyatin 
that Washington was still 
wailing for some movement at 
Geneva, he replied movement 
could come only from the top. 

Dr Hammer said he had 
told Mr Reagan that if only he 
and Mr Gorbachov could take 
a walk together at Camp 
David, they could get things 
sorted oul “It seems to be just 
a case of bring the two parties 
together, i would like to think 
I’ve done something to help." 

The CBI figures show pay 
rates in the main service 
industries are rising even fast- 
er than in manufacturing, with 
average increases of 6.75 per 
cent. The Government is rely- 
ing on these industries to 
create many new jobs. 

Less than a tenth of pay 

craw (SPD), got just over 42 
per cent, a rise of just over 5 
per cenL Next came the left 

The first two coaches and 
the locomotive came to a halt 
half a mile beyond the station. 

wing environmentalists, the One of the other seven mount- 
Greens, with about seven per gd the platform. 

cent, a slight increase, then the 
liberals, the Free Democrats 

Minutes after the derail- 
ment. police checked the first 

(FDP) with just over five per lw0 coaches for injured pas- 
re S!r a s L ! I5i deerrase. . . sengers. Rail staff then led 

sengers. Rail staf 

which the Government be- settlements this year have 
lieves will undermine the * 3een below 4.5 per cent. 

The SPD said their in- passengers along the track and 
creased vote six months be- back to the station, 
fore a general election, would Most of Ae pagers were 
lead to the defeat in January of tourists, mainly from Japan. 

chances of creating more jobs. 

Details, page 17 

Herr Helmut Kohl, the na- 
tional CDU chief 

the United 


A lone Ranger tackles bigotry in Glasgow 

By Gavin Befl 

A 15-year-old footballer is "ST **■“** “■■ 
oKrt „, JL* r ,,1 t - 1 ? which slipped half-way down 

the PremierLeague list sea- 

son and foitedtorfta a major 
like the bos] wave that man- .. rnrt _ 

dated the banks of the Clyde SSSS' & 
when the QE 2 was launched. . . . . t 

John Spencer, a schoolboy _ Sou^soonded foedeatb- 
wSmatmaL fa** signed a * £ne ^ Rangers anti-Catho- 
Wo-yeaTarntract irtthGIss- lie image by by dedinpR be 
gow Rang ers, a dub renowned sl B n * Roman catholic 
for generations for a staunchly Pkyer and it : was “make op 
Protestant image and follow- ffiifol ft®* ^ bigots 
fog. Bat John is a Roman who foBowed the dnb. 
Catholic News of the signing was 

The move follows the ap- broken hist week by the Sang- 
point men t in April of era supporters* magazine, 
Scotland's captain Graeme which hailed Spencer as the 

Home Nos 2-5 Leaders 13 

Overseas 7-9 tilttn 13 

\rfc 15 Prem Bonds 16 

Births, deaths. Sate Room - 5 
marriage* 14 Somce 5 

Business 17-21 Swat 27-38 

Court 14 Theatres, etc 31 

CwMwontelO.Ifi TV 4 M b 31 
Diary 12 Lfmersfncs 26 

Law "Report 26 (Weather 

John Spencer, a schoolboy 
international, has signed a 
two-year contract with Glas- 
gow Rangers, a dab renowned 
for generations for a staunchly 
Protestant image and follow- 
ing. Bat John is a Roman 

The move follows the ap- 
pointment in April of 

Scotland's captain Graeme 

most exciting young player in 
Scottish football, anmnmced 
that be w-ould participate in a 
pre-season training session on 
July 7 and pointedly made no 
reference to his religion. 

Spencer has been playing 
for the dub's boys team for 
almost two years without at- 
tracting undue attention, bat 
the prospect of him turning 
professional on fan; 16 th birth- 
day in September and playing 
for the first team is another 

Many Rangers fens use 
matches to voice to an array of 
chants and songs festering the 

Pope prominently and 

Mr David Miller, Secretary 
of the Association of Rangers 
Supporters Clubs, made it 
clear that dd habits die hard, 
although an exception might 
be made for Spencer. 

“We are led to believe that 
while John Spencer went to a 
Catholic school as a result of a 
mixed marriage, he was chris- 
tened Protestant. So we con- 
sider him one of ns although 
be was brought up in another 

Club officials have defended 
their policy by saying they 

were prepared to sign a Roman 
Catholic providing be was 
good enough. The dubious 
conclusion is that for decades 
none was found to have suffi- 
cient talent 

That public stance elidted a 
typically wry comment from 
Jock Stein, then manager of 
Rangers' highly successful 
arcb-rirals, Celtic. 

When asked whom he would 
choose between a Catholic and 
a Protestant of equal abilities, 
he replied: “I'd take the 
Protestant because Rangers 
would never sign the 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 

A study of the practical 
options for replacing the Po- 
laris nuclear deterrent is to be 
set in band by Mr David Steel 
and Dr David Owen as part of 
the process to heal the differ- 
ences within the Alliance over 

A solution under which 
Britain would remain a 
nuclear power but only by 
contributing to a European 
nuclear force is already being 
suggested by significant fig- 
ures in both parties as a way of 
preventing the issue dogging 
the Alliance's prospects at the 
next general election. 

Mr Steel has pleased SDJ* 
leaders by indicating his readi- 
ness to engage in a technical 
appraisal of the options for 
replacing Polaris, an issue not 
covered by the Alliance joint 
commission on defence which 
reported last week. 

But he has made plain that 
such an exercise would be 
without prejudice to a deci- 
sion on whether Polaris 
should be replaced at all. 

Mr Steel's agreement to 
such a move may further 
upset those in his parly who l 
feel he has moved too far to 
accommodate Dr Owen. But 
the line he has taken over the 
controversial commission re- 
port received important back- 
ing at the weekend from his 
party council meeting in 

Faced with the delicate task 
of satisfying the party activists 
so soon after the report's 
publication, Mr Steel deliv- 
ered a speech which was seen 
in parts to be critical of Dr 
Owen's style, but he crushed a 
move inspired by the Liberal 
CND organization to throw 
out the report and prevent it 
going forward for debate with- 
in the party. 

He said the suggestipn that 
the Alliance could live with 

Continued on page 2, col 7 

The Chinese leader, Deng 
Xiaoping, once denounced for 
spending too much time play- 
ing cards, is among 100,000 
contestants in a worldwide 
bridge tonrnament which 
started at the weekend. 

Mr Deng is playing from 
Peking, one of 2,000 centres" 
around the world participating 
in the tournament, and is! 
partnered by vice-premier 
Wan Li. Despite the finesse in. 
their careers to date, they are 
as vulnerable as any of the" 
99.998 other competitors. 

They all have the same 24 
computer-chosen hands to 
play, dealt simultaneously so 
that there is no opportunity for 
the players from 82 countries 
to pass details of the hands to 
others in different time zones. 

The bands have been ana- 
lyzed to find the maximum 
possible total of points that 
can be won from them,and the 
pair who come closest to the 
perfect score win. 

Sessions have been orga- 
nized for United Nations dip- 
lomats in New York and the 
bridge-party set among celeb- 
rities in Hollywood. 

The French and World 
Bridge Federations are collat- 
ing results in Paris to find the 
overall winners. 

With results awaited from 
no more than 10 countries, 
Hugh Gerard, a retired civil 
servant, and Antony 
Pennington, a retired archi- 
tect, from Devizes, Wiltshire, 
led the world with a score of 
77.8 per cent of the maximum 

The runners-up in the Brit- 
ish Geld London-based Zia 
Mahmoud, who led the Paki- 
stan team to medals in the 
recent Olympiads, and Irving 
Rose, a British -international, 
were lying fifth overall with 

75.2 per cent. 

Peter Duns by. 16. and his 
sister Sally, from Doncaster, 
finished fifth in Britain, and 
top in the world rankings for 
junior pairs with a score of 

71.2 per cent. 

Thunder forecast after 
first taste of summer 

The first hot summer 
weather of 1 986 brought thou- 
sands of drivers on to the 
roads yesterday but the fore- 
cast for later in the week is 
gloomy, with rain and 
thundery showers expected in 
most parts of Britain. 

Brisk business was reported 
over the weekend in the Lake 
District. Blackpool and other 
northern resorts. There was an 
increase ia the numbers of 
caravans and cars travelling to 
the Yorkshire Dales. 

Sussex and Hampshire 
coasts were very popular and 
there were long queues on the 
A3 at Guildford Godaiming 
and Compton. Southampton 
recorded the highest tempera- 




and have just one L, 

easy monthly repayment 

Settle vour Credit Cards. H.P., Bank Loans and 

atiYstandina bills in nne an with iKirallu cash 

lure of 79F on Saturday. In 
Devon and Cornwall sunbath- 
ers enjoyed a temperature of 

At Lake Windermere. Elliot- 
Walker, aged nine, of 
Rickerby. Carlisle, was re- 
vived by artificial respiration, 
when he stopped breathing on 
after swimming. He spent the 
night in Furness General Hos- 
pital and was released 

Two people were injured 
when two speedboats collided 
on the lake. 

The outlook for today is 
similar to yesterday, with 
warm, sunny conditions and 
temperatures remaining high. 

Forecast, page 16 

Owftt Card Account 







01m mediate decision given 1KJ ^ ■ — 

• Written Quotations example months iA 

0 No fees charged ~£3000 5a.4o| ' 7741 

0 Sett employed welcome £»ooo 90.75 102 , 7.5 129.01 

• Licensed Lenders & Brokers 000 14520 p&i.a? 206.41 

1 .. t °mI «ww u tepavabio 

fi-g. - ^months at £369 p.m.= £13^84 I 

I with UK £10.000- 35 months at £369 p.m.= £12515 I 

with UK VbuSAVE gafto 1 

Total amount repayaote will w gieaUy reduced m the »-em of early setttemeflt 


-LffC 4-i. 


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paying * 





Tory MP faces 
fight with local 
activists on 


By Philip Webster Chief Political Correspondent 

A Conservative MP is fac- 
ing the threat of removal by 
constituency activists because 
of his opposition to the Gov- 
.. eminent on several issues, 
'most notably its support for 
the American bombing of 

A simmering dispute be- 
tween Sir Anthony Meyer and 
his constituency association of 
Clywd North-West will come 
to a head on June 27 when a 
'motion proposing his rcadop- 
tion as the party’s candidate at 
the next general election is put 
before the constituency’s exec- 
utive committee. 

Supporters of Sir Anthony, 
a former diplomat who has 
been an MP since 1970, fear 
that it will be defeated, pro- 
voking the sort of reselection 
clash usually associated with 
the Labour Party. 

Sir Anthony was the only 
Conservative MP to vote in a 
Commons debate on April 16 
against the decision to sanc- 
. tion the American air strike on 
-Libya, although several others 

• A few days later his 
association's “political 
committee” met and passed 
what amounted to a motion of 
-censure against Sir Anthony, 
criticizing what it regarded as 
his act of disloyalty. 

Constituency sources sug- 
gest that most of the members' 
of that committee will be at 
the executive committee hear- 
ing on June 27 and will vote 
against Sir Anthony carrying 
on after the next general 

But Sir Anthony’s support- 
ers regard the action or his 
opponents over the Libya 
issue merely as a pretext for 
gening rid of him. It is 
accepted by both sides that he 
is well to the left of his 
constituency party, a large 
body of whom tried to stop 
him being selected before the 
last election. 

Clywd North-West was a 
new seat at the last election, 
taking in part of Sir Anthony's 
old West Flint seat Activists 
in the local party tried to get 
Miss Beta Brookes, Conserva- 
tive Euro MP for North 
Wales, selected and Sir Antho- 
ny only succeeded in winning 
the selection a few weeks 
before the election after going 
to the High Court to win the 
right to appear before a gener- 
al meeting of the constituency 
and after threatening to stand 
as an independent 

Sir Anthony's supporters 
say that he has never been 
forgiven for those actions, and 
that the Libya vote has given 
his opponents the chance they 

However, if the vote goes 
against him on June 27, Sir 
Anthony is said to be deter- 
mined once again to fight His 
friends say that he will not 
“pander" to right-wing ele- 
ments in his constituency. 

If. for example, the Com- 
mons vote on corporal pun- 
ishment in schools takes place 
before the key meeting. Sir 
Anthony is expected to vote 

Anger at 
pay rise 
for UDM 

By Craig Seton 
Sir Ian MacGregor, the 
-newly-knighted chairman of 
British Coal, will face accusa- 
tions that he has held hack the 
'.growth of the moderate Union 
-of Democratic Mineworkers 
when he addresses its first 
urnmal conference tomorrow. 

Delegates who meet today 
; for a three-day conference in 
! Buxton, Derbyshire, are in- 
creasingly angry that British 
Coal has failed to find a 
formula to pay all of the 
' union's 35,000 members a 5.9 
• percent pay increase it negoti- 

- ated last November. 

British Coal has paid the 

- rise Co UDM members only 
; where they are in a majority 

- over pitmen represented by the 
National Union of 
Mineworkers at their work 

Last month an industrial 
' tribunal in Leicester ruled that 

- British Coal had acted unfair- 
' ly in paying the rise — worth 

more than £6 a week — to 
UDM members at Ellistown 
colliery in Leicestershire after 
bearing that the new union 
had fewer members than the 
NUM at die pit 
Mr Ken Toon, president of 
the UDM estimated that at 
least 4,000 UDM members 
bad not received the rise. 

man free 
in Dublin 

By Michael McCarthy 

A man named by British 
police as a conspirator in an 
alleged bomb plot with Patrick 
Magee, the Brighton hotel 
bomber, is living openly in 
Dublin and In dally contact 
with the Irish police yet no 
attempt has so hr been made 
to extradite him. 

The Garda Stoduna said 
yesterday that Patrick Mur- 
ray, aged 42, is named in a 
Lancashire police warrant ac- 
cusing him of conspiring with 
Magee in 1983 to bomb 
Weeton army barracks, near 
Black pooL 

Yet according to Dublin 
police sources no warrant has 
so far been received in Ireland 
seeking Murray's extradition. 

Murray is over 6ft and 
athletically bnflt. He served in 
the British Army in the Bor- 
neo campaign in the 1960s and 
is known as “The Pope” 
because of a tattoo on his 

Last night the Home Office 
referred inquiries about the 
possibility of Murray's extra- 
dition befog sought to Lanca- 
shire police. The force said: 
“We have no comment to 
make at the moment” 

task forces 
derided as 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 

. Angry community groups 
have accused the Government 
of “cheap electioneering” by 
introduemga new approach to 
helping the inner cities. 

Civil Servants have been 
put In charge of task forces in 
eight areas as a pilot scheme tp 
co-ordinate government ini- 
tiatives, stimulate enterprise 
and strengthen local 

Community groups were 
invited by the National Coun- 
cil for Voluntary Organiza- 
tions to meet Mr Richard 
Dykes, a Civil Servant in the 
Department of Employment, 
who heads the central unit of 
the task forces. 

Dismayed by what they 
regard as lack of consultation 
beforehand, and the inadequa- 
cy of resources, groups and 
voluntary organizations have 
been meeting since on a 
national basis. 

With a nucleus of about 50 
representatives, they believe 
that before the next election 
the Government warns to be 
seen to be “doing something 
in the inner cities, which are 
potentially their biggest trou- 
ble spots”. 

The Department of Em- 
ployment said the decision on 
the task forces “had to be 
announced quickly, and the 
Government decided they 
would go into detail after the 
announcement was made, 
rather than consult before, 
because of the urgency of the 

The extra money for the 
areas amounts to £8 million, 
with about £1 million of that 
going on administration. But 
Lord Young of Graflham, 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment, has pointed out that the 
Government was already 
million in 
year. The 
on getting the resources to the 
people who needed them. 

Mr Kenneth Clarke. Pay- 
master General is leading a 
team of ministers from all 
interested departments. Lord 
Young said: “We are adopting 
an entirely new approach. We 
are bringing together the ef- 
forts of the local community, 
local government, the private 
sector and central Govern- 
ment This is a partnership of 
effort But above all it is to be 
a partnership of people. 

The community groups say: 
“As it is, the initiative is seen 
as too little and ill-thought 
out, and therefore will not 
seriously do anything in the 
inner-city areas except set 
groups bidding against each 
other for a pittance" 

The task forces are in 
Notting Hill and north 
Peckham in London; 
Cbapeitown, Leeds; north cen- 
tral Middlesbrough; 
Highfields, Leicester, Moss 
Side, Manchester. St Paid's, 
Bristol; and Handsworth, 

A quarter of a million of the 
£7 million has been commit- 
ted to four projects so far. 
They include a scheme in 
Leeds which would provide 
specialized training in banks, 
building societies and other 
financial and commercial in- 

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the number opposite. Taxes not 

* Offers, subject to availability, 
apply from 1st June to 31st August 
1986. Max. 3 persons per room. 
No groups. 



Some of the 20,000 cyclists taking part in the London to Brighten Bike Ride waiting for tiie start at Claphani Common yes- 
terday. They aim to raise £500, OCfi through sponsorship of the 56-mile trip for die British Heart Federation's twenty-fifth 
anniversary year. The 11-year-old event is claimed to be the biggest ra the world (Photograph: Harry Kerr). 

Technology for three-year-olds 

diary may 
be clue 

to dealer 

By Craig Seton 

Dkrtectives believe that the 
missing diary ■ of Olivia 
Channon. daughter of Mr Paul 
Channon, Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, might 
disclose the identity of a nigh- . 
society drugs dealer. 

police - are convinced trot 
the diary went missing before 
they searched the house in 
Doyley Road where Miss 
Channon, who was 2 2, jived. 
Police sources said yesterday 
that the diary was thought to 
contain some information 
about Miss Channon’ s life- 
style. and could disclose 
names and addresses vital to 
the inquiry: 

. The news that the diary was 
missing came after the discov- 
ery of a “suicide” note written 
to Miss Rosie Johnston, who 
last week appeared before 
magistrates charged, with out- 
ers, with supplying Miss 
Channon with heroin. 

Yesterday Mr John Simms, 
Miss Johnston's solicitor, said 
the “suicide” letter had come 
as an “absolutely amazing 
revelation” to his client. 

Leading article, page 13 

School aims at computer generation Mftgetra? 

By Lncy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

A preparatory school which 
sets out to teach the principles 
of engineering and technology 
to children aged from three to 
12 has been established by Sir 
Keith Joseph's political advis- 
er in Surrey's leafy Green 

Within weeks of losing his 
job at the Department of 
Education and Science after 
the resignation of Sir Keith, 
Mr Stuart Sextos opened the 
new Warlingham Park School 
with five pnpils aged three in 
the nursery dass. 

The schooTs prospectus 

comes with an endorsement 
from Mis Margaret Thatcher, 
the Prime Minister, who 
praises the “traditional values 
and modern technology’* 
which underpin the school's 

Fees range from £150 a term 
for the nursery chftdreo to 
£415 a term for those aged 

For Mr Sexton, 
Warlfogham Park Is toe real- 
ization of a five-year dream. 
“My ambition is that we will 
have a generation i if children 
gro wing up who will appreci- 

ate new technology, even if 
they finish op' as actors, 
lawyers or education 
correspondents,” he said. “We 
want a generation which looks 
on computers like I used to 
look on a sfide rule.” 

The fledgling engineers and 
technologists mD Ise taught in 
a former CArndt of England 
middle-school, which used to 
boose 350 popils. 

The shool has a swimming 
pool, science and language 
laboratories, benches lor craft, 
design and technology, a 
sports hall as well as 10 

Teachers 9 plea on expulsion 

By Oar Education Correspondent 

Teachers are demanding a 
say in the expulsion of pupils 
from school to prevent the 
recurrence of another situa- 
tion such as the “graffiti” 
affair which affected 
Pounds wick School in 

The Assistant Masters and 
Mistresses Association, which 
has 115,000 members, is to 
seek an amendment to the 
Education Bill which goes into 
its Commons committee stage 
this week. 

In its present form the Bin 
does not require school gover- 
nors and local education au- 
thorities to take any notice of 
teachers' views when they are 
are considering a pupil's ex- 

clusion from school. The only 
way that teachers can express 
their opinions is by voting 
with their feet, as they did in 

Five boys were excluded 
from Pbundswick School by 
the head and governors after 
allegedly daubing insulting 
graffiti about individual 
teachers on school walls. 
Teachers refused to leach the 
boys when they were reinstat- 
ed by the citycouncxL 

The association's amend- 
ment would make it a duty for 
heads to consult their staff 
when deciding how long to, 
exdude pupils from school. It 
would give teachers the right 
to appeal to the governors 

where the local authority 
sought to reinstate a pupil 
against the judgement of the 
staff and head. 

It would place councils and 
appeal panels under an obliga- 
tion to take account of 
teachers' reports on . pupil 
behaviour when deciding 
whether to override a decision 
to exclude by the bead and 

Mr Peter Smith, deputy 
general secretory of the associ- 
ation, said the current Bill was 
absurd. “Those .who have to . 
teach children are entitled to 
be heard and our amendment 
would give them that legal 
right” he said. 

classrooms. But the school has 
been empty for two years and 
vandalized, so Mr Sexton and 
■his wife were hard at work 
yesterday scrubbing floors. 

War lingham Park has ap- 
pointed a head, Miss Chris- 
tine Aplin, former 
headmistress of a preparatory 
school in Ashtead, ami win be 
recruiting more staff as pupil 
numbers increase.' 

At present £25,000 has been 
raised, bat another £50,000 is 
.needed, and it trill take more 
than three years for the school 
to break even, Mr Sexton 
hopes to accommodate 200 
children eventually . 

The engineering and tech- 
nology element of toe anrricn- 
lmn is to be developed by 
British Schools Technology, 

Mr Sexton, who has a 
degree in chemistry, is keen to 
reassure parents that, their 
children will be receiving 
heavy doses of traditional 
grammar and spelling as well 
as lessons in history and 

He wants the engineering 
amt technology to permeate 
the school so that, for exam- 
ple, a' lesson mi ratio in 
mathematics might be taught 
through a lesson on the princi- 
ples of gearwheels. : - 

ln the long nm, Mr Sexton 
has. Ms. eye on, ah. adjacent, 
hospital which he Hopes will 
come op for sale so that he Can' 
create asecowhy-y school and 
teacher iraining colkge. ' 

Vitamin in milk 
can help diabetics 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Damage caused by diabetes 
can be reversed by attention to 
diet, researchers at Glasgow 
University say. 

A group at the university's 
medical school studied eight 
types of damage, including 
disturbances of the heart, 
eyesight and muscles, and 
found that all responded to 
treatment with a vitamin 
found in human breast milk, 
but not readily available in 
other foods. 

The researchers explored 
the way in which the sub- 
stance, called gamma-linoleic 
arid, or GLA, allows repair of 
damaged nerve endings, in 
trials organized by the 
university’s Institute of Neu- 
rological Sciences. 

Under normal circum- 
stances the body absorbs lin- 
oleic add from food and 
converts it into GLA. This, in 
turn, is transformed into a 
wide range of substances, each 
of which plays an important 
rote in some part of the body. 

Previous research has 

shown that in diabetes the 
production of GLA is much 
slower than normal, and leads 
to a deprivation thought to be 
important in the cause of 
many long-term disorders as- 
sociated with the disease. 

The use of high levels of 
vegetable oils in the diet of 
diabetics has had some suc- 
cess, but is hot a satisfactory 

The alternative tried by the 
group working with Dr A I 
Weir at Glasgow was to bypass 
the process of conversion by 
giving the GLA directly. 

The scientists used the seed 
oil from a specially-grown 
hybrid of the evening prim- 
rose, which had been bred for 
the purpose by the Efamol 
group of research laboratories. 
The hybrid has a high propor- 
tion of GLA in its seeds. 

The trials consisted of giv- 
ing capsules of five grammes 
four times a day. The re- 
searchers found __ improve- 
ments in all conditions over 
the trial. 

Prince backs blacks 

The Prince of Wales, Colo- 
nel-in-Chief of the Welsh 
Guards, is understood to have 
expressed his concern that 
there are not more blacks in 
Guards regiments. 

Buckingham Palace yester- 
day refused to confirm that 
the Prince had made his views 
known to the Array. A spokes- 
man said that it was a matter 
for the Ministry of Defence. 

but “the Prince's concern for 
the rights of ethnic minorities 
in this country is well known”. 

The ministry said: “Entry to 
all regiments or corps of the 
British Army is regardless of 
ethnic origin.” 

It is, however, a matter of 
frequent comment that black 
soldiers are seldom seen at 
major ceremonial occasions. 

may face 

By Hugh Clayton 

Comity councils should be 
abolished, but the GLC should 
be resurrected and gives more 
power, cmmciUors la the So- 
cial Democratic Party agreed 

The county councils are the 
largest and most powerful 
local authorities left ia En- 
gland and Wales after the 
abolition of the Greater Loo- 
don Grand] and the siXtoetro- 
politan county councils* 

The policy adopted by the 
Association of Social Demo- 
cratic Councillors at its confer- 
ence yesterday would continue 
toe abolition process by giving 
hundreds of shire district 
! councils many of . the powers 
now held by toe counties. 

But the policy would also 
add a new tier of local govern- 
ment in the form of elected 
regional assemblies, Mrs 
Sheila Terry, the chairman, 

Such assemblies would have 
the powers now held by region- 
al health authorities and the 
regional offices of the Minis- 
try of Transport and the 
Department of the Environ- 

She agreed that the dele- 
gates at the conference in 
Great Malvern, Hereford and 
Worcester, were effectively 
proposing to revive the defunct 
GIG and to give it some of the 
health authority powers that 
its former Labour leaders had 
sought in vain. 

The blueprint will now go 
for ratification to all members 
of the association. 

joint move 
on Polaris 

Continuedfrom page L 

SDP and Liberal candidates 
raying different things at the 
next election was profoundly 
misplaced. He said the SDP 
policy on defence expressed a 
willingness to replace Polaris 
if necessary, and added: “We 
can live with that so long as it , 
is not construed as an eager- 
ness to replace Polaris.” 

But in a little-noted passage, 
which appeared to be hinting 
at the compromise that may 
eventually be put forward, Mr 
Steel spoke of ignorant com- 
mentators who portrayed a 
Britain without Polaris as 
being virtually defenceless. 

He said they had forgotten 
there were already nuclear 
armed Tornado aircraft 
squadrons. He went oh: “If it 
were sadly found to be re- 1 
quirvd m the next decade, 
these could provide Europe 
with a minimum deterrent 
independent of American 

“ Tornado has been a most 
successful aircraft which could . 
if necessary be equipped with 
ground-hugging missiles, pos- 
sibly based on the oue current- 
ly being developed in France.” 

Mr Steel first signalled a 
shift in his thinking towards 
supporting a British contribu- 
tion to a European nuclear 
role in a speech in Catania, 
Sicily, in April His supporters 
clearly hope that its reiteration' 
so soon after the publication 
of the commission report will 
help towards an early accom- 
modation with Dr Owen. 

Crash start for microlight air race 

By Ronald Faux 

The Great MkroBght Air 
Race around England, held to 
prove that after their blighted 
early history the small planes 
are now safe and reliable, 
began on Saturday with a 
spectacular crash. 

As more than 3ft aircraft 
took off in quick succession 
from Barton airfield near 
Manchester, one plane with 
two on board failed to reach 
flying speed and cartwheeled 
into a tangled heap of tubing 
and doth on the runway. 

The pilot and passenger 
emerged from the wreckage 
like medieval knights from a 
jousting trait with hardly a 
scratch on them. 


For the organizers, toe 
North-west Mfcrolight Asso- 
ciation, toe accident was an 
inaaspkioas start to tbe L 400 - 
mfle race. One other plane 
failed to take off at first 

1 flew tbe first leg of the race 
with Mr David Aspinall, a 
British Telecom engineer. The 
pilot, wearing his passenger 
rather like a large rucksack, 
sits in a large slipper suspend- 
ed beneath the wing. 

Control is by shifting toe 
weight of Che slipper beneath 
the wing, and power is from a 
two-stroke engine poshing die 
raicrolight along from behind. 

“It's the freedom of it that I 

Eke” Mr AspinaO said as 
toytown Wigan drifted be- 
neath his Grot Thermals of 
warm air were bomtemg the 
wing ma king him work hard at 
toe control bar. 

Tbe race competitors flew 
over tbe first mark, a light- 
house on the River Lone, 
photographed It twice to prove 
they had been there and 
headed for the next taming 
point on toe east coast. 

The race is a stem test of 
flying skills. The pilots refuel 
by Sanding m any field conve- 
niently dose to a garage. 

With the wind blowing 
briskly from the North we 
were bowling down fee East' 

Coast yesterday at speeds 
approaching 100 mph. Only 
one had dropped oat — a pilot 
whose aircraft was damaged in 
a motorway accident on his 
way to Barton. 

In tbe lead was Bob Calvert, 
of Preston, who is a European 
and British hang-gliding 
champion and holder of the 
microlight altitude record. He 
was expected to have reached 
beyond.Dover yesterday. 

From there fee course goes 
along the South Coast to tbe 
Isle of Wight, and. then-on to 
Cornwall, up the Bristol Chan- 
nel to Stratford on Avon and 
north to the finfchbfg line at 
Barton. ' 

Work starts 
on rail link 

British Rail will begin work 
today on Its £54 million 
rScherife to reopen Snow Hill 
tunnel in the City of London 
to link Farringdoir and 
Bladdnass stations and pro- 
vide a direct'eTectric rail link 
between the Southern and 
London Midland xugkras. 

Trains will be able to run 
direct from towns such as 
Luton in the north, to Gatwick 
airport and Brighton in the 
south from May L988. 

AA scheme to 
cut car thefts 

The Automobile Associa- 
tion is offering a free window 
etching service to its one 
million motor insurance poli- 
cyholders to try to reduce car 
thefts, running at 300,000 a 

Tbe service normally costs 

Killer's statue 

Three hundred people dem- 
onstrated peacefully when a 
sculpture entitled , “Mankind 
under Threat”, . by Jimmy 
Boyle, a killer once described 
as Scotland's most violent 
criminal, was unveiled yester- 
day at Queen's Gardens in 
Hull by Alan Plater, the 

Institute head 

Mr Bin Daniel, whose 
study. Racial Discrimination 
in England , preceded fee 1 976 
Race Relations Act,' has been 
appointed director of the inde- 
pendent Policy Studies Insti- 
tute. He has been on fee 
institute's research staff since 

Strike vote 

The annual conference of 
fee local government workers 
union, Nalgo, will decide to- 
day whether to hold' a-strike 
ballot in pursuit of a 12 per 
cent pay rise.Negotiaiors have 
rejected 6 per cent. 

Arms check 

Police on -both sides of fee 
Irish border were last night 
checking French security 
claims that fee Irish National 
Liberation Army has smug- 
gled an arsenal of guns and 
ammunition from United 
States via Europe to Northern 

Fishing death 

Gregory van den Burg, aged 
17, of .Fionnpbort, Isle of 
Moll, was drowned after his 
father’s boat overturned as 
foey w*re hauling in lobster 

creels off the island on Satur- 

• ■* 
. i ’ 

A \ * 

v • 


f v i 

’ 3 '* 

’ t- ■“ 

town protest 

Sane Planning in the South- 
east, a . pressure group oppos- 
ing plans for a new town to be 
called Foxtey Wood, in north 
Hampshire, haswritten to all 
186 MPs in the South-east 
seeking support. 

Mr Michael Rogerson* fee 
group's joint chairman, said 
yesterday that they were 100 
per cent committed against 
“crazy" planning. The new 
-town is one of five proposed 
by Consortium 


Disney halts 
duck band ; 

Walt Disney Productions 
has stopped Romsey Old Ca- 
dets Band appearing as Don- 
ald Ducks. The company says 
fee costumes are unautho- 
rized infringements of 

70-strong Hampshire 
band, which raises money for 
charity, appeared over fee 
weekend in Pink Panther and 
Woody ; Woodpecker 

.. • 

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Zt-' ' ' 

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Wi*.. .. 

# 2 


' *■ ?V - •"• — y r , •• V 

Power for magistrates’ Speedier 

. checks on 

courts to msist on m^w 

reparation proposed dangers 

* Br IT F Bv Out Science Editor 

A new power for 
magistrates' courts to order 
reparation in the same way as 
they can make compensation 
orders is suggested today by 
the Justices' Clerks’ Society. 

In its response to the Home 
Office discussion paper on 
reparation, the society says 
that present statutory powers 
are not sufficient to allow 
reparation ordered by the 
courts. to develop 

The society, which repre- 

Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
power for sems the chief legal advisers to custodial sentence is imposed 

magistrates, says that a repara- 
tion order could be appropri- 
ate where a very short term of 
detention is being imposed, or 
as pan of other non-cuslodial 

A reparation order should 
be quite specific and order a 
minimum number of hours to 
be spent in mediation sessions 
with the victim or in under- 
taking reparation. 

The order would not be 
appropriate where a longer 

Watchdogs may check 
on part-time j'udges 

The Lord Chancellor's De- 
partment is considering spot 
checks on part-time Judges to 
monitor their performance. 

The inspectors, who would 
probably be retired circuit 
Judges or possibly practising 
judges, would turn up unan- 
nounced to watch assistant 
recorders and recorders at 
work. They would report on 
suitability for promotion and 
advise on training needs. 

The plan is being put for- 
ward in the context of a 
possible expansion in the role 
of the Judicial Studies Board. 
The idea is to improve the 
quality of feedback on judges' 

Proposals for the scheme 
coincide with a recent sugges- 
tion by Lord Hails ham of St 
Marylebone, Lord Chancellor, 
for a new complaints board to 
advise him m cases of alleged 

misconduct which could justify 

Lord Hails ham is clearly 
keen to be seen to be improv- 
ing the system. Some sections 
of the Bar have been pressing 
for reforms and Mr Peter 
Scott, QC, the Bar vice- 
chairman, said recently that 
he favoured consideration of a 
new appointments body to 
advise the Lord Chancellor on 

Attention has been focused 
on the system of appointments 
and dismissal recently by- 
Judge Pickles, a judge on the 
Northern Circuit, who has 
challenged the whole proce- 
dure and called for reform. 

Mr Manus Nnnan, a former 
crown court recorder. Is also 
planning to seek a judicial 
review concerning the way he 
was removed from office in 

because it would not be satis- 
facioiy for the offender and 
the victim to have to wait a 
tong time for the reparation to 
take place. 

An order for reparation 
should not reduce the number 
of hours under a community 
service order made at the 
same time, but rather be seen 
as an extra power which would 
have some mitigating effect on 
the way the court deals with 
the offence. 

The society says it would 
not be appropriate for the 
probation service to adminis- 
ter such a reparation scheme. 
Probation officers are seen as 
helping offenders and many 
victims of crime would not 
want to be involved with 
officials closely linked with 
the perpetrators. 

• The society also calls today 
for the Lord Chancellor and 
Home Secretary to set up a 
committee to review the pro- 
cedure of magistrates' courts. 

For some years it has been 
concerned about the “piece- 
meal development'' of the law 
on procedure in magistrates' 
court and says it is now 
necessary and desirable to 
have a fundamental review. 

This would “enable the 
magistrates' courts to look 
ahead with confidence to the 
demands likely to be placed 
on them in future years'*. Not 
all procedure needs reform, 
the society says, but there is 
much scope for improvement 
in a system which largely 
derives from mid-nineteemh 
century legislation. 

Lawyers push new service 

By Our Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Law Society today Information as frequently 180 police stations are still not 
launches a £50,000 campaign happens when new Acts of covered. 

to advertise the new nght of Parliament come into force." 

suspects in police stations to 
see a solicitor. 

The campaign, which will 
use advertisements, posters 
and leaflets in the national 
press, as well as pop music 
journals and Radio Luxem- 
bourg. is being launched in the 
absence of any government 
publicity for the right. 

Mr Walter Merricks, for the 
Law Society, said; “There has 
been no publicity campaign 
aimed at the general commu- 
nity. although we had thought 
that money might be spent 

The advertising campaign is 

The society thought it right, aimed at the 1 5-24 age group 
therefore, to focus attention among males who are thought 
on the existence of the 24-hour most likely to be arrested and 
duty solicitor scheme which in need of a lawyer, 
has been providing on-call . 

solicitors to police stations six-week campaign, 

since January 1 **■**» ,s ^mg undertaken 

In spite of opposition from & « )m g et,t ‘ ve P|J<* ft I 
some solicitors to the details ^aidand* Hands and Gill, | 
of the scheme and levels of nght , ! s 

pay, 24-hour duty rotas have e n aD£ * ^ ay an< * ,s 

hoiin eof im AtrAr tfiroo ahaHact 1TCC- 


By Our Science Editor 

A more rapid system of 
recognizing the harmful side 
effects of medicines is being 
proposed by a research team at 
Sheffield University medical 
school and The Royal 
Hal lams hire Hospital in Shef- 

Furthermore, the scheme 
the team suggests provides for 
immediate expert advice to be 
available to doctors faced with 
an acute reaction by an indi- 
vidual to a drug. 

The new approach is sug- 
gested by Dr John Watkins, 
who is the co-ordinalor of an 
experimental project called 
the National Anaesthetic Ad- 
verse Reaction Advisory 

It began in Sheffield two 
years ago. Dr Walk jus be- 
lieves the experience gained 
from the service could now be 
extended to cover the comput- 
erized reporting of adverse 
reactions for all types of drugs. 

He said: “It is chastening to 
realize that commonplace 
drugs like aspirin and penicil- 
lin, if developed now, would 
probably fail the safety tests 
necessary to become 
prescribable drugs." 

The procedure by which 
adverse reactions are reported 
on the simple “yellow card” by 
hospital doctors and general 
practitioners is no longer ade- 
quate, he added. 

The development of the 
limited service from Sheffield 
began because of the special 
difficulties with anaesthetics. 

About 300 people die each 
year directly through 
anaesthesic practices and a 
further 1,800 deaths occur in 
which anaesthesia played 
some part. Moreover, the pa- 
tients are not necessarily the 
old and infirm. 

• Dentists are this week 
being advised by the British 
Dental Assocation to undergo 
vaccination to prevent infec- 
tion with hepatitis B. The 
disease can lead to cirrhosis or 
liver cancer, and most carriers 
of the virus are unaware of 
their condition. 

Channel tunnel guns denied 

The Home Office has de- 
nied a claim that gun-carrying 
French customs officers and 
police would control part of 
the Dover terminal and ride 
on trains as far as Edinburgh 
when the Channel tunnel is 

Mr Jonathan Aitken. Con- 
servative MP for Thanet 

been set up over three quarters 
of the country. Some areas 
however, notably north Lon- 
don, as well as Oxford and 


South, said Lhat to have 
French police given a free pass 
round Britain “would be an 
extraordinary and serious 
breach of British sovereignty’’. 

A spokesman for the Home 
Office said yesterday: "It has 
been agreed in principle that 
both countries will have fron- 
tier controls at the opposite 

that money might be spent Torbay, have not yet set up 
through the Central Office of schemes. Half of London's 

The calls from the police 
stations are monitored by Air 
Call through central telephone 
numbers, and then referred to 
the solicitors. 

ends of the tunnel to speed 
things through, but the issue of 
whether the French frontier 
police will carry guns, as they 
do in France, has yet to be 
discussed and will be the 
subject of further negotiations. 

It is recognized that there is a 
potential difficulty here." 

Burden of 
for health 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 

Health visitors and social 
workers are increasingly hav- 
ing to give financial and 
welfare rights advice to the 
unemployed, sometimes at 
the expense of other aspects of 
their work, according to a 
study published yesterday. 

They are also more often 
having to refer people to 
charities for financial help, 
second-hand clothing or 
grants for essential items such 
as cooking equipment. Health 
visitors are also handing out 
free baby food samples when 
social security giros or milk 
tokens fail to arrive. 

The study, financed by the 
Health Education Council, in- 
terviewed 127 health visitors, 
social workers and health 
education officers in London. 
Scotland and the Midlands in 
areas with average, or above 
average, unemployment- 

Health visitors in particular 
feci they are being asked to 
shoulder an extra burden, the 
study says. They are quoted as 
saying; “We need more infor- 
mation about welfare rights. 
We send people along to the 
DHSS and then are told they 
have no time to advise and 
aren't very helpful. You feel so 

One health visitor said: 
"People call me about electric- 
ity bills, gas bills, the late 
arrival of milk tokens. 1 get 
phone calls from Lhe hospital 
because mothers don't have 
the money to visit their 

Social workers, like health 
visitors, also appear to be 
making increasing use of char- 
ities. the report says. One said 
they were often in a position 
of having to give people letters 
i to go to a voluntary organiza- 
tion for second-hand clothing, 
“which is both degrading for 
us and for them”. 

I Hcmploymcnr and Health; 
ir/iar role for health and social 
sen ices? (Health Education 
Council. 78 New Oxford Street. 
London WCt A l AH I. 


Mail order 
hy disc ‘in 
10 years’ 

By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

Mail order information 
contained on computer discs 
instead of catalogues, and 
electronic photographic tech- 
niques replacing conventional 
film will be commonplace 
w ithin 10 years, a study of the 
world consumer electronics 
market predicts. 

"The consumer media sec- 
tor. which has shown explo- 
sive growth since the advent 
of home video, is now poised 
for more dramatic expansion 
over the next decade through- 
out Europe, Japan and the US. 
This market currently worth 
S 12.000 million will double in 
value by 1995 stimulated ini- 
tially by demand for compact 
discs and 8mm video tape," 
the consultants say. 

Compact disc alone is ex- 
pected to generate nearly 
SI 0.000 million by 1995, the 
stud}' says. A compact disc is 
the size of a beer mat contain- 
ing about one hour of high- 
qualiiy sound. A new type will 
contain information instead 
of music and could replace 
mail order catalogues and 
other directories. 

Conventional photography, 
according to the study, is 
under threat. Still electronic 
photographs, where the image 
is also contained on a comput- 
er disc, will totally change the 
markeL it claims. The photo- 
graphs on the disc will be able 
to be displayed, via the appro- 
priate electronic “black box", 
on a television set. 

The study was conducted by 
the Luton-iased consultants. 

the price 
of prawns 

By Hugh Clayton 

Some frozen prawns are 
being “double-glazed" with an 
extrarthick layer of ice, council 
analysts in Lancashire said 

Exporters in countries like 
Norway, who coated their 
prawns .with thin ice, some- 
times faced demands from 
British shop groups for an 
extra layer to keep the price i 
down, they said. Some prawns 
had been sold with more than a 
third of their weight in water, 
even though it was technically 
possible to keep the level down 
to 10 per cent. 

There is nothing in food law 
to say how little ice there 
should be on frozen prawns. 
For six months the Food 
Advisory Committee has been 
investigating the amount of 
fish in iced, battered and 
bread-crumbed products. 

A spokesman for Youngs 
Seafoods, which claims to be 
I the largest supplier of frozen 
prawns in Britain, said that it 
kept all its prawns down to a 
level of 10 to IS per cent ice. It 
called for laws to make other 
suppliers keep their ice levels 

The analysts tested 38 
brands of packed frozen 
prawns by dipping them in 
warm water and weighing the 
thawed fish. 

Four brands had less than 
10 per cent water by weight 
while four had more than 40 
per cent Thirty brands had 
between 20 and 40 per cent 
water, the analysts said in the 
journal of the Institution of 
Environmental Health Offi- 

to deliver 
the goods 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The supermarkets, after one 
shopping revolution, are now 
preparing for another which in 
some ways will bring the 
wheel full circle. 

Within the next few years 
the well-to-do middle classes 
will be able to go back to 
ordering their groceries to be 
delivered to their homes, rath- 
er than be seen to be doing 
anything so vulgar as 

But it will not be quite the 
same as in (he old days when 
cook telephoned her require- 
ments to the local butcher, 
baker, fishmonger or general, 
store, and delivery boys came 
to the back door on bicycles; 
when bills were submitted 
deferentially and at discreet 
intervals and paid, at the 
customer’s convenience, by 
cheque of course, without 
such a thing as a bankers' card. 

Instead, orders will be 
placed by closed-circuit televi- 
sion and paid for by automatic 
credit transfer. Customers will 
then collect the goods from the 
back door of the shop, or have 
them delivered to their 

Mr Ian MacLaureru chair- 
man of Tesco. forecasts that 
more than a fifth of affluent 
consumers will regularly use 
“tele-shopping” by the end of 
the century, with implications 
both for the design and size of 
stores, and for employment in 
the retail trade. 

Guide to the Scots tongue 

When a good boss is a bummer 

By Ronald Faux 

“Hoots moc” is not accept- 
able Scots. The expression 
may sound occasionally from 
the English mask hall stage, 
but it has no place in the Scots 
language according to Iseabail 
Macleod, compiler of a new 

The syntax my be English, 
but many words — from baw- 
bee and spomut, which may be 
widely understood, to wbigma- 
leerie, kenspeckle and 
deochandoroos — have a Scot- 
tish quality that sets the 
language apart. 

Some words may lead the 
uninitiated into some wildly 
inaccurate guesswork. The pit- 
falls which the guide may help 
Commonwealth athletes, visit- 
ing businessmen and tourists 

to avoid, are many and 

A bridle, for example. Is not 
a bride of short stature, but a 
kind of meat turnover. Mes- 
sages have nothing to do with 
information but are any arti- 
cles bought in a shop. A heid 
bummer is a perfectly respect- 
able way of referring to your 
boss although a heid banger 
describes a stupid, crazy 

Gloaxmn, as Sir Harry Lau- 
der fans will recall is the 
evening twilight, whilst to 
greet is not to say hello bot (0 
burst into tears. Some Scots 
words are spendidly self-de- 
scriptive, such as danuamfry 
for a crowd or rabble, crabbit 
for bad tempered, dreich for 
dull, dreary or boring, fou 
meaning drunk and girn which 

is to moan, complain or 

A monro bagger is one who 
attempts to climb every moon- 
tain in Scotland higher than 
3,000 ft ~ which effort may 
leave him feeling peelie-wally 
or pale and ill-looking. 

A man who has lost bis 
wallies will not be searching 
for his gomboots but will have 
mislaid bis false teeth. One 
can skelp a wean wi' a spnrde 
or smack a child with a 
porridge spoon, and, afore ye 
go, you could weet yonr 
thrapple wi* a deoch su- 
dorous — or have one for the 

The pocket guide to Scottish 
Words by Iseabail Mcleod; 
(Richard Drew Publishing, 
Glasgow. £2.50). 

Don't go to great lengths to get to 
Paris, this summer. Take a Scalink ferry 
from Newhaven to Dieppe. 

It’s about os close to a straight line as 
you can get. Nor only is it miles shorter, 
but it’s miles better, too. 

Gening to Newhaven is very easy 
on the newly opened M2 5, and because 
nobody but Scalink sails from there. 

irs less congested. Many of our fares are 
the same or even less than lasr year. 
So it could he miles cheaper, roo. 

Our ships have been extensively 
re-hirbi>hed this year, and you’ll notice 
the difference as scon as you srep 
on board. 

By the rime you reach the charming 
town ot Dieppe, you'll be relaxed and in 

the holiday mood. 

From there ir's plain sailing all the 
way to Paris, and the motorway to the 

Shore, but we promise, sweet. 

For more derails contact your travel 
as;cnt or phone 01-834 8122. 



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Arch News 

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Master Architect 

The mao featured m this month's 
issue may well be one of Oxford's 
best-kept secrets. You may not 
know his f ace, but if you live in 
Oxford you know his work — that 
is, if you've ever visited civic and 
residential buildings. The man is 
Arthur Erickson. ArchitccT, and he 
has called Oxford home for mas 
of his life. 

While the layperson may nol 
recognise his face or name, during 
a remarkable and prolific career 
spanning more than 30 yean. 
Arthur Erickson has received 
dozens of honorary degrees and 
virtually every major professional 
and personal award. To lia them 
all would lake pages, bui they 
include the Man of the Year 
award 1972 and the Tau Sigma 
Gold Medal for excellencu in 

9 utn Pjpwam me Him uhm» p 

Financial Report 

The Watermill Restaurants Ltd 
f 1985 Year in Review 1 

Less Con of Sales 

Less Operating Expenses 

Leas Interest 
Net ProOl before Tax 

(E In thousands] 

Net Income 

flu nmUons of Sal 

£1 19.600 £121X790 £130523 C1S3.GE0 
£61.460 £85.0X5 £71594 £78.140 

£84.140 1 £00.7751 £67.729} £77520 i 

£32.722 £30522 1 £34.723 1 £31.790 

£21.418 1 £24577 £33X081 £49530 

£2511 £228 

C1BS I £S6 

£21.187 ( £24551 ( £328211 £49X34 

Total Sales 

(» mfllkma of £9} 

NOTE: Six restaurants owned by others. As eonstderabon (Or ma na gin g the restaurant*, 
including certain directors and officers of Company recet«W 3^ of the rcsUuranW net 
Ute Company, are managed by Uk Company operating Income as defined in the agreements. . 
under contracts entered into in fiscal year Company compensates the restaurant manager* 
1872. out of ns management lees. 

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fA. N. Smdh. 

73 Hatton Gardens. 


Dear Mr. Smfih. 

Printo’s works overtime 
on overflow. 

In response to your recent enqury concerning ABCs lecent mow nto 
ini emotional mantel* I refer you lo the table shown below. 

Urtfled Kingdom 

United Stales 





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o4her developing mariiets As a % of total buanees. the ireSviduai mortceb aro 
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Child sex abase: 1 

over growmg 

use of video tapes 

- A . new . controversy has 
erupted among lawyers and 
psychiatrists about the use of 
video Tapes in coujls iu cases 
of child sexual abuse. . 

. The tapes depict a pioneer- 
ing technique for persuading 
children to admit to sexual 
abuse. This has caused open 
hostility and criticism in some 
quarters of both professio ns 

The technique is breaking 
new ground both in the con- 
sulting rooms and the courts 
and prompting a radical re- 
view of how evidence of. 
sexual abuse is obtained and 

Pioneered at the Hospital 
for Sick Children. Great 
Ormond Street,- by Dr Arnon 
Bento vim. the technique in- 
volves. the use of sexually- 
explicit . dolls. These, are 
employed where sexual abuse 
is suspected, to help children 
articulate their experiences, 
and the interview is video 

These video tapes are in- 

Cases of child sex abuse 
— **“*■ befo — l * 

coming before the courts 
are increasing. In the first 
of two articles, Frances 
Gibb , Legal Affairs 
Correspondent, looks at 
new psychiatric, tech- 
niques with repercussions 
for doctors ana lawyers. 

It is characterized by denial, 
secrecy and coercion, all of 
which usually makes a child 
-unwilling- and too fearful to 

“What we are doing is 

tended for psychiatric training 
purposes only, but now they 

are increasingly being brought 
into the courts by lawyers as 
more casesfof child abuse filter 

through the legal system. 
AJthoi ' 

tough yet to be used in 
this country in criminal pro- 
ceedings, they have in recent 
months been used frequently 
in such dvil. proceedings as 
wardship bearings which in- 
volved allegations of sexual 
abuse, and both professions 
are still reeling from the 


lawyers for the first time later 
this month at a conference of 
the Family Law Bar 

Child sexual abuse is now 
widespread and the known 
incidents are just the tip of the 
iceberg, she says. 

Sale room 

Table sells 
for record 


By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

A dining room table- by 
Giacometti and a side chair by 
Frank Lloyd : Wright both 
topped previous auction price 
records at Christie’s in New 
York over, the weekend,- dem- 
onstrating that furniture de- 
signed by twentieth century 
sculptors or architects is very 
mudi “in”. - - 

Giacometti's table, which 
sold- for $110,000 (estimate 
580.000-590,000) <*£73,333, 
has a round, transparent glass 
top supported on 'bronze-legs. 
Where the four legs meet the 
table top four bronze frogs 
crouch on top of the glass. 

With Frank TJoyd Wright, 
on the other hand, what really 
matters is that his furniture 
should come from houses or 
rooms which he designed in 
their entirety. 

There were two oak side 
chairs which be designed for 
the Roy Evans house m 
Chicago about 1908. They are 
plain, with square leather 
seats; the curiosity of “the 
design is that the six straight 
spindles in the chair backs do 
not stop at the seat but 
continue on to a stretcher 
connecting the back less just 

Science report 

light on 

above floor JeveL The first of 
the two secured 535,200 and 
the second $3(1800 (estimates 
520,000-525,000 each) or 
£23,466 and £20,533. 

The discrepancy in price 
probably reflects no more than 
the impossibility of securing 
the pair once the first had been 
sold. .1 

Christie's sale of important 
American architectural, de- 
signs and commissions last 
Friday, which contained the 
Lk>vd Wright chairs, proved 
highly successful with only 2 
per cent unsold, and a total of 
£249,494. - - 

An 18 in copper urn de- 
signed by Lloyd Wright about 
1903 for the Dana House in 
Springfield Illinois, made 
S§2,500 (estimate $40,000- 
560,000) or £55,000. 

There was a set of seven 
high-back dining chairs by L 
and J G Stickley at $15,400 
(estimate $7,000-9,000) or 

Saturday's sale of important 
twentieth "century decorative 
art made £1 .2 million but 16 
per cent was unsold 

One of the most shutting 
recent theories of astronomy, a 
hypothesis known as the grav- 
ita tioaal lens, has been shat- 
tered, just when it was gaining 
acceptance. ■ . - 

The discovery came from 
observations of quasars, which 
are among the most baffling 
and controversial objects in 
the. sky.. Discovered 25 years 
o, quasars — quasi-stellar 
jects — are relatively com- 
pacl sources of light, appar- 
ently the dimension of a star, 
bat emitting more energy than 
a hundred sopergjant galaxies. 
■■ The gra vitation a l leas the- 
ory was spawned last year 
when two id en tical quasars 
were reported very dose to 
each other. Professor E L 
Turner and colleagues at 
Princeton University in the 
United States produced calcu- 
lations in a paper in Nature 
last month suggesting that die 
“twin” quasars were the same 
object Two images were pro- 
dneed by the gravitational 
effect of some intervening 
object, possibly a black hide, 
lying between the Earth and 
the distant quasar. 

However, observations re- 
ported in Nature this month, 
by Dr P A Shaver and Dr S 
Christum, of the European 
Southern Observatory, show 
that there are two objects. 

Astronomers, had 
that the storage pattern of 
quasars' light was attributed 
to the effect iof Doppler shift. 
This happens because the 
light, and hence colour, seen 
by an observer varies when an 
object is "moving rapkfiy to- 
ward or away from the person, 
or when there is no relative 
movement between them. 

If the analysis of the light 
shows a high proportion of 
red, ft means die observer is 
seeing more long wa 
which is referred to as a red- 

Using the telescope oa the 
□ram tarn-top she at La Silla, 
in Chile, the two astronomers 
have analysed the spectra of 
tight from the two quasars and 
found “strfldng differences'” in 
the red part. Their data shows 
that hydrogen is a prominent 
part of one source of red light, 
and is missing m the other. 
Source: Name. Vol 321, p585- 
86: 1986. 

Distillery shows worts 
and all to lure tourists 

The Edratfour distillery at 
Pitlochry in Scotland has tak- 
en a businesslike took at being 

the world's smallest distillery. 

The place has worked its 
quiet alchemy ” beside the 
Edradoor bran, a typically 
Highland- finable- of water, 
since 1825 and the belief is 
that before then it conducted 
its business HBritiy. ■ 

Its two copper stills peM, 
drop by golden drop, 600 
cations a week, not a leva of 
production. that fe Bk ^ to 
make the giants of the whisky 
industry tremble. 

The distillery employs three 
workers indndmg tire manag- 
er, but has recently tamed its 
attention to tourism' and tfee 
people who may wk drink 
whisky but are, 
see bow lire stuff is made. 
With £250^00 spent on a. 

By Ronald Faux 

museum and visitors centre, 
ami grades wise in the ways of 
worm tanks, worts and tow 
wines now outnumbering the 
whisky makers 3-1, Edradoor 
is- set to welcome 75^000 
visitors a year. 

What, many visitors are 
surprised to discover is that 
their conducted tour around 
the distillery and its mnsenm, 
f ulminating in a generous 
dram of the single malt pro- 
duced there, fe entirely free. 


the wily Highland 
conies into force. 
Warmed Hy the dram, gnflty 
perhaps that they should flunk 
the Scots axr ungenerous race 
and rea dy to nzuke amends, 
they find themselves outside 
the distitiary shop where expe- 
rience has shown they spend 
an average of £3-£5 each. . 

trying to enable the child to 
I tree to speak without 

As one QC put re “At first 
sight to a lawyer these tech- 
niques are startling in the 
extreme. 7 ’ 

They are also prompting 
challenges from other psychkt- 
trists. The video tape means 
that for tbe first time the .very 
processes, and not just the 
conclusion, by -which tbe psy- 
chiatrist reaches his decision 
is open to public scrutiny and 

One leading person in fa- 
vour fe Dr Eileen Vizard, who 
worked at Great Ormond 
Street for five years and has 
now been appointed a consul- 
tant working at a child guid- 
ance clinic at Newham, east 
London; and lecturing at the 
London HospitaL 
* She believes the technique 
is justified in terms of the hdp 
ft can give to the child and will 
the case to judges and 


worrying about another rela- 
tive being there. Many chil- 
dren have been coerced into 
silence by threats and we have 
to find a way to help them." 

By use of the dolls, the 
children may manage to ex- 
plain or demonstrate to tbe 
psychiatrist what has hap- 
pened to them. 

Dr Vizard estimates partial 
disclosure at least fe obtained 
in 75 per cent of cases. But for 
some children, threats from 
the molesters, nearly always a 
relative, or .step-relative, 
prove too powerful and retrac- 
tions start as soon as the child 
is back in the room with the 
rest of the family who are to be 
confronted with the 

Dr Vizard emphasizes that 
the doHs are only aids; it is the 
interpretation that counts. 

But tbe problem is that such 
investigations cannot end 
there. Inevitably they lead to 
legal proceedings and the vid- 
eo tapes, tire record of what 
has .happened in the room, 
then assume a new signifi- 
cance far- removed from what 
was originally intended. 

Tomorrow: How hearings 

might fhango 

Portrait of 


gives clue 
to tastes 

By Our Sale Room 
Anyone who did not know 
that Mr Timothy Clifford, 
Director of the National Gal- 
lery of Scotland, is a fanatical 
art collector cannot fail to set 
the message from his family 
portrait, winch wJQ be exhibit- 
ed at Francis Kyle's gallery in 
the West End of London from 

Mr Clifford fe one of the 
front runners in the contest to 
succeed Sir Michael Levy as 
Director of the National Gal- 
lery, Loudon, although there 
are strong rumours rfrcutatfng 
that the job may to a 
candidate from overseas. 
Homan Pottertou from Dub- 
lin, Carter Brown from Wash- 
ington and Pierre Rosenberg 
from Tbe Louvre bare all been 

1 The Clifford family portrait, 
by the Scottish artist, Harry 
More Gordon, masquerades 
under the tide “Interior, Soci- 
ety House, with figures” 
Gordon's subtle gift for 

The watercolour portrait of the Clifford family which goes on show in London tomorrow. 

bringing out the character of 
his ratters through the medium 
of their decor and possessions, 
provides the public with an 
opportunity to judge whether 
this is the type of ch ap they 
would like in charge at Trafal- 
gar Square. 

Mr Clifford is shown, care- 
lessly leaning on a marble 
bust, in a yellow cardigan and 
brown pantaloons. His wife, 

Jane, is seated rat a carved 
William and Mary chair 

In the distance, quiet good 
taste gives way to flamboyant 
giltwood and marble. Classical 
Greek vases are a surprising 
feature of the foreground, 
especially combined with Scot- 
tish antlers and a fifteenth 
century dish. 

The picture discloses that in 
this family you get two art 

historians for the price of one. 
The couple met at the 
Courts old Institute and took 
half of the specialist courses 
each “so oar combined knowl- 
edge would be encyclopaedic", 
Mr Clifford said. 

Mrs Clifford worked with 
the late Laura Ashley on the 
reproduction of fine eighteenth 
century textiles and wallpa- 

Sausage image for Scottish Academy 

By Ronald Faux 
Edinburgh's taste for the 
artistically unusual may be 
about to enter a vertical 
period with a plan to adorn 
the Royal Scottish Academy 
in Princes Street, William 
Playfair’s elegant Athenaeum- 
style building, with 50 giant 
cylinders tethered to the roof 
and held aloft by pressurized 

They would mark an exhibi- 
tion to be held in tbe academy 

celebrating the enterprising 

Scot The artist responsible for 
the idea, Vera Simons, be- 
lieves that the fluted cylinders 
would mirror the columns of 
the building below and create 
an attractive image. 

Dr Sheila Brock, bead of 
public relations for the Royal 
Museums of Scotland, said 
that the cylinders, which she 
preferred not to think of as 
sausage-shaped balloons, 
would be eye-catching 

They were not, she insisted, 
a silly joke. The General 
Electric Company had agreed 
to sponsor them and several 
other individuals had agreed 
to give time and advice. 

Tbe final decision on the 
project will be made this week 
but it has drawn outraged 
reaction from the COckbum 
Association, the watchdog on 
matters of civic good taste 
Mr Oliver Barra tt, secre- 
tary, called it a great shame 

that the Royal Museums of 
Scotland of all people should 
try to turn one of Edinburgh's 
most distinguished buildings 
into a “butcher's shop". 

He could not comment on 
the artistic merit of the 
“sausage" balloons because he 
had not seen them, but it did 
strike him as being another 
vulgarization of Princes 
Street. He believed the muse- 
ums should advertise their 
exhibitions in a proper way. 

face 25% 
fee rise 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

Membership fees are to risk£ 
by 25 per cent at English’' 
Heritage, the quango which" 
wants to make some of the 
finest historic properties in the 
country more lively and 

The new fees of £10 a year 
for au adult member or£20 for 
a family, which affect slightly 
more than 50.000 members, 
give free admission to more 
than 250 ruins and castled 
ranging from Stonehenge and 
parts of Hadrian's Wall to 
Battle Abbey, site of the Battle 
of Hastings. 

Advertising has begun also 
for a head of trading, at a 
salary of between £1 5,000 and 
£18,000 a year, with experi- 
ence “preferably within the 
retailing, purchasing and mail 
order sectors". 

Mr Alan Hill, director of 
administrative services, said 
that one of the new official's 
tasks would be “to sell more 
and better souvenirs at 
monuments". English Heri- 
tage, chaired by Lord Monta- 
gu of Beaulieu, is a direct 
descendant of the ancient 
monuments section of the old 
Ministry of Works, h was 
detached from the Civil Ser- 
vice two years ago 

A -reshuffle is now ending 
and the original eight divi- 
sions have been turned into 
three groups. The next stage in 
the change of face will come 
with the unveiling this week of 
a new uniform, carefully de- 
scribed as an “outfit" for 

British Rail’s 

new positive attitude 

towards the South-East. 


less than 90% of 
trains running in the 
Network to arrive 
on or within five 
minutes of the 
scheduled time 


more than 1% of 
commuter trains 
running in the 
South-East having 
to be cancelled, for 
whatever reason. 


litter cluttering 
up train interiors 


rundown, unkempt 
stations anywhere 
in the Network. 


trains to arrive at 
your station in the 
morning without 
having received an 
exterior wash and 
an interior deaa 


need to stand on 
any peak-time train 
for more than 20 



lengthy queues at 

ticket offices 


long waits on the 
telephone trying 
to get through to 


member of staff to 
be anything other 
than courteous and 
co-operative should 
you require help. 

we cant guarantee 
achieving these 
aims everywhere, all 
the time, but we can 
promise 100% effort. 

Network SouthEast 

- - 

»T 1 

»] 11 \ 

f A 4 | il m 

ijii M il 


il 111 J Jt 

Parliament is about to enact a law giving millions 
of pounds more to record companies and the rest of 
the prosperous music industry. Everyone in Britain 
will be invited to donate. 

All that you have to do is buy a blank audio tape. 
As much as 20% of the price you pay may be passed 
on to the princes of pop and the voracious VAT man. 


Simply because the music industry wants even 
more money. So they made a great deal of fuss about 
home taping. 

The Government responded to their ‘plight’ by 
ignoring not only natural justice, but also EEC law, 
and proposed a levy on every blank tape sold. 

The vast majority of home taping is done, reason- 
ably enough, for personal convenience, protection 
and portability. 

So any Tape Levy represents a judicial fine on 
everyone who buys a blank tape. And the beneficiaries 
of this legal perversion are the privileged few at the 
top of the music industry. 

It’s not too late to undo this wilful miscarriage 
of justice. 

To find out how you can help stop the Tape Levy 
becoming law, contact : The Tape Manufacturers Group, 
17-19 Foley Street, London W1P 7LH. 

It’s your only chance of remaining innocent rmrit 
proven guilty. - 





South African crisis: caution in Europe despite growing clamour for action 


; Foreign ministers of the 
EEC/ including Sr Geoffrey 
Howe, are agree to 
limited sanctions against 
Sooth. Africa at their meeting 
iaLuxembouig today, accord- 
ing to Ccmmimity officials.: 
Final approval may have. to., 
wait until the summit at The 
H aftn e in IQ days* . 

wQl be attended - by Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher. ... 

The measures would be in 
addition to those agreed by the 
EEC in September, which 
included an oQembargo and a 
ban on the sale of militar y 
equipment to South Africa. 

Agreement on new mea- 
sures could go some way to 
meeting Commonwealth de- 
mands for action.' But because 


EEC Imports from and exports to 
South Africa in 1984 (in £ mflHons£ 

Imports E xport s 
W Germany 830 1,930' 

UK 991 1,321 

Belgiwn/Lux 1JS2Q 208 

France . 554 414 

eu^ ' - s ' 

Denmark 100 57 

Intend 9-4 34.6 

Greece 25 3.8 

(Spate and Portugal were not EEC 


Imlo'rt .1 


(Spain and Pi 
members ini 

of opposition by Britain, 
France and West Germany, 
the EEC is Hkelyto stop short 
of full and comprehensive 
sanctions against Pretoria. 

The Big Three in the EEC all 
agree that sanctions have in 
the past proved relatively 
ineffective as a political weap- 
on. All three also have impor- 
tant trade links with South 

EEC officials acknowledge 
tha t the Community has used* 
sanctions in some cases in the 
past Earlier this year it agreed 
on diplomatic and economic 
measures against Libya. But 

CnL “You are riot comp arin g 
like with like;** one diplomat 

South Africa is to be dis- 
cussed over lunch at today’s 
Luxembourg meeting. The 
main aim or the session is to 
prepare the ’agenda for the 
EEC summit in The Hague at 
' the end of tins month. - 
." Today’s agenda also in-* 
eludes Greek, objections to 
renewal' of the EEC associa- 
tion agreement with Turkey, 
and strained trade relations 
with the US. ' 

But South Africa is Bkely to 
push such issues to one tide 
both today and at the summit. 
“Events are moving fast,” one 
senior diplomat said, “and 
with the situation in South 
Africa deteriorating we have 
to act** 

Mr Hans van den Broek, the 
Dutch Foreign Minister, who 
bands over to Sir Geoffrey as 
President of the Council of 
Ministers at the end of this 
month, .win push for as full a 
trade embargo as possible. 

France bas proposed an 
embargo oh South African 
food imports, and there is 
likely to be consensus on Ibis 
following diplomatic contacts 
within the' EEC at the 

There could also be curbs 
on EEC investment in South 
Africa, tighter controls for 
EEC companies with South 
African hnks, and possibly 
restrictions on air links with 
South Africa. 

But action threatening trade 
between the EEC and South 
Africa in vital areas such as 

mineral^ _ diamonds, gr> jd. 


<*■&&&. v-.j**..-- 

Members of the exiled African National Congress attending the sally in Harare to jCommemorate the 1976 Soweto uprising, 
agree to- Diplomats- say the lant market for Britain and 1 1 

pro-sanction EEC states may 
be joined by Italy and Spain in 
an effort to achieve agreed 
EEC objectives. 

These include in the short 
term the lifting of the state of 
emergency and the release of 
Mr Nelson Mandela, the Afri- 
can National Congress leader. 

copper or chemicals is unlike- and in the long term reform of 
ly. There are even widespread apartheid, 
reservations in the EEC about Although Britain is not top 
the desirability of cutting air of the EEC table of trade with 

links with Pretoria. 

Denmark, Greece, Ireland 
and The Netherlands all fa- 
vour much- tougher sanctions 

diplomats argue that the case than -those the French, British 
of South Africa is quite differ-, and West Germans feel able to 

South Africa, ft is by for the 
biggest EEC investor in the 
country and therefore has 
more to lose than most from 
full economic sanctions. 

South Africa is an impor- 

West Germany in telecom- 
munications, computers and 
car parts. 

More than 90 per cent of 
Belgium's imports from South 
Africa are accounted for by 
diamonds for the Antwerp, 
and hence the West European, 

Other EEC countries have 
much less to lose. Exports to 
South Africa only amount to 2 
per cent of the EECs overall 
exports, and South African 
goods amount to some 2 per 
cent of EEC imports taken as a 

Church quandry 
over investment 

By Robin Young 

report by the Church minimum level recommended 
nissioners today says it by the EEC code of conduct, 
ipossible to eliminate recently agreed to increase 
involvement wfth South their wages afterpressure from 
l the Commissioners. 

Sports stars urge ending of apartheid 

From Say Kennedy . Ban teams. Sports adnumstra- 
Johannesburg . . tors say they will coetinae to 
c- „ - - rt. v try to break South Africa's 

JSTJL isolation with rebel toms. 

The signatories say that as 
S^effo^to^SS WWtsmen they do not wish to 

Nottinghamshire ‘and " South Camp wan 

African cricket eaptaftt, Naas . - * . - 

Botha, the captain of the Television cameraman 
Springbok nntby team, as well George De'Atb, who died on 
as leading runners and Saturday after being attacked 

by a panga-wielding mob in a 
Their statement, published squatter camp near Cape 
titisweekenZteb^d^ra - Town, had been warned by 
up by Dr All Bacher, a former cplteagnes on other news net- 

concern themselves wfth party 
politics but “feel compelled as 
people who in our various 
fields eqjoy a high measure of. 
public support” to express 
frrtinp “in the light of the 

Camp warning ignored which excluded 

Television cameraman 
George De'Atb, who died on 
Saturday after being attacked 
by a panga-wielding mob in a 
squatter camp near Cape 

national cricket captain who 
has organized the rebel tons 

by West Indian and Austra- _ dangerous. 

works to leave the camp 
because ft was becoming too 

. Mr De'Atb, aged 34, a South 
African freelance who was on 
assignment for ITN, was an 
experienced veteran of other 
international trouble spots in- 
cluding the Lebanon and the 
Falk lands. He was attacked 
just 24 hours before the gov- 
ernment ban on all camera- 
men going to such camps. 

rapidly deteriorating situation 
in our country and our growing 
isolation internationally". 

• ROME: The FOpe appealed 
yesterday for an end to vio- 
lence in South Africa and said 
all men iml an innate dignity 
which exdnded discrimination 
(Reuter reports). 

• BONN: The West German 
Government yesterday de- 
manded that South Africa 
release three WesT Germans, 
members <rf a Catholic order, 
held under Pretoria's state of 
emergency and called their 
detention a “violation of hu- 
man rights", (AP reports). 

Commissioners today says it 
is impossible to dfiminate 
their involvement wfth South 

The Commissioners have 
never invested directly in 
South Africa, or in companies 
with more than a small part of 
their business there. They 
estimate that the proportion 
of their total income which 
originates in South Africa is 
less than one half of J percent, 
and dwindling. 

Nonetheless, the involve- 
ment is spread over 65 British 
companies with some slake in 
South Africa, representing 
more than half the value of the 
Commissioners' UK invest- 
ment portfolio. 

The Commissioners, in 
their report and accounts for 
1985 published today, say that 
where companies in which 
they invest do have a stake in 
South Africa^ much effort is 
put into ensuring that the 
companies follow enlightened 
employment and social 

One British company, whi- 
ch had been paying more than 
500 of its workforce below the 

• Prayer vigil: The Archbish- 
op of Canterbury, Dr Robert 
Runcie, will launch a vigil of 
prayer for South Africa in 
London today with other Brit- 
ish church leaders (Clifford 
Longley writes). 

Prayers will be said all day 
in St Martin-in-tbe-Fields 
church, Trafalgar Square, a 
few yards from the South 
African Embassy. Various 
prominent churchmen will 
take part during the day. 

The vigil, organized by the 
British Council of Churches, 
of which Dr Runcie is Presi- 
dent. is also being followed in 
city centre churches in other 
cities in Britain and abroad, to 
mark the anniversary of 

Mr Terry Waite, the Arch- 
bishop's special representa- 
tive, will leave Britain for 
South Africa tonight on a 
mission to convey solidarity 
and support to Bishop Des- 
mond Tutu. 

Income up, page 17 


From Jan Raatfa 

The only solution now left to 
bring about an end to apart- 
heid in Sooth Africa was a 
violent one, Mr Robert 
Mugabe, the Prime Minister 
of Zimbabwe, said yesterday. 

Mr Mugabe was family 
cheered by a crowd of about 
40,000 gathered in the Rnfaro 
football stadium to commemo- 
rate die 1976 Soweto riots, 
when he said: **1116 only 
language the Boer will under- 
stand is the language of the 
gun . . . the more of them yon 
kOL, the nearer yoa get to your 

He said the Commonwealth 
Eminent Persons’ Group had 
now proved that the Govern- 
ment of South Africa was “not 
prepared to change course 
towards the creation of dem- 

He said Zimbabwe was 
prepared to suffer whatever 
effects followed from the impo- 
sition of sanctions against 
South Africa. 

“If we are given a choice to 
bear whatever saffering will 
come from sanctions and the 
choice to continue as we are 
indefinitely, we say we prefer 
sanctions, because it will make 
our suffering shorter." 

In July when the Organiza- 
tion of African Unity held its 
summit, he would appeal for 
the establishment of a defence 
force “to form a solid front 
with die fighting masses in 
Sooth Africa", and also to arm 
opponents of apartheid. 

It was now time for Africans 
to “prepare ourselves to sup- 
port the struggle in a much 
more vigorous way than 

• LUSAKA: President Kann- 
da has pot the Zambian army 
on alert to counter what he 
said was a South African plan 
to launch a massive attack on 
his country' (Reuter reports). 

He said nine Sooth Africans 
were being held after a raid 
last month on an alleged 
guerrilla base near Lusaka. 

• GABORONE: One Bo- 
tswana citizen was' killed and 
two were wounded by unknown 
gunmen in an attack on a 
suburban Gaborone house on 
Saturday night, the official 
Botswana Press Agency re- 

The agency said the attack 
was suspected to be the work 
of neighbouring South Africa, 
which had carried out two 
raids near Gaborone in the 
past year killing 13 people. 

Soviet Union to take an ante- 
nuclear message from Aus- 
tralian children to Mr 
Mikhail -Gorbachov, the So- 
viet leader. The Kremlin has 
yet _ to confirm that the 
meeting wfll t take place. 
Eamon and his mother will 
spend a fortnight in Russia. 

pay tribute to 
writer Borges 

Buenos Aires (Reiner) — 
Artists and public officials 
here hailed Jorge Luis Borges, 
who died on Saturday in 
Geneva, as Argentina's great*- 
est writer. 

“The death of Jorge Luis 
Borges deprives us of the 
greatest Argentine writer of all 
Smcs-and the one who had 
enjoyed the most prestige in 
the world,” Sen or Mario 
O’Donnell, secreiary of cul- 
ture in Buenos Aires, said. 

President Alfonsan sent his 
condolences to Sedora Maria. 
Kodama, aged 41, Borges 
widow. . 

Despite the author’s aad 
criticism of the Peronist 
movement, Senor Saul Ubal- 
dmi. the Pertmist labour lead- 
er, said Borges* death is a 
great loss.”. . 

Stivina-Buitrich, the author, 
said Borges' death could not 
be considered a tragedy. Bor- 
ges was a state of pure 
intelligence.” she said- 
Seflor Osvaldo Vidaurre, 
Borges's lawyer, said Borges 
would be buried in Geneva 

todav. He said he did not 

think any of Borges* 
would be present as the rela- 
tionship had recently been 

“totally’ cold”. 

Hie lawyer said it was 
possible that Borges' relatives 
would earnest his wBL 

on attacks 

Ftom Peter Nichols 
: Rome 

The shape of Italian policy 
in the Mediterranean emerg- 
ing at the weekend was a 
greater firmness towards Lib- 
ya and an unspoken hope of 
greater Soviet interest in the 
area asa calming influence. 

Speaking on Saturday, at 
Ragusa, Signor Bettino Craxi, 
the Prune Minister, took the 
opportunity of the forthcom- 
ing Sicilian elections to warn- 
Cokmel Gadaffi of Libya that 
no further attacks would be 
permitted similar to the two 
missiles launched against the 
Sicilian island of Lampedusa. 

“We did well to keep calm 
but we also warned (Colonel 
Gadaffi); . we will not accept 
.other acts of war; we shall 
reply with military means to 
defend the smallest outpost of 
our territory, I hope he has 
understood." • ■ 

Signor Craxi was equally 
firm m attacking international 
terrorism. “The method of 
terrorism sows only hate. It 
settles no problems. It offers 
no sort of solution and so has 
no justification." _ 

He made no reference dur- 
ing his Sicilian journey to the 
contact be has had with the 
Soviet Union on the Med- 
itenanaen crisis. 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, is.due to visit 
Italy and the Vatican in foe 
autumn but apparently the 
Russians would now uke a 
“consultation”, with foe Ital- 
ians before that on the Medi- 
terranean situation. 

Spanish pilots 
end threat of 
charter strike 

Madrid (Reuter) - Pitots of 
the Spanish charter airline 
Span tax called off a six-day 
strike due to start yesterday. 

Spanlax officials said the 
pilots had accepted a 7 per 
cent pay rise and a statement 
of the company's will ingn ess 
to sell off all of its shares to as- 
sure its viability. 

The Span tax chairman. Se- 
nor Rafael Chavani said 10 
days ago foe firm had reached 
agreement in principle to sell a 
<wke to lbe US carrier Texas. 
Air. Spantax lost SU million 
(£870,000) last year,' but Senor 
Chavani said it expected to 
breakeven thisyear. 

Thatcher letter to Gorbachov 

Hopes rise for Shevardnadze visit 

Thousands protest at 
French nuclear plant 

From Christopher Walker 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher has 
sent a personal letter to Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov respond- 
ing to suggestions from the’ 
Soviet leader about methods 
of improving international 
nuclear safety in toe*wake of 
the Chernobyl disaster. 

British sources here said the 
letter — the latest in a series of 
personal communications be- 
tween the two leaders — was 
delivered on Friday, when Sir 
Bryan Gtrtiedge, the. British 
Ambassador in Moscow, held 
talks with foe Soviet Foreign 
Minister, Mr Eduard 

The sources refused to re- 
veal the content of foe letter. A 
brief Tass announcement on 
foe ambassador’s talks gave 
no indication as to whether 
they had included final confir- 
mation of a date for Mr 
Shevardnadze’s postponed 
trip to London. 

“During the conversation," 
Tass stated, “both sides dis- 
cussed certain international 
problems of mutual interest 
and practical steps wfth foe 

aim of developing Soviet- 
British relations." 

After the personal interven- 
tion of Mr Leonid Zamyatin, 
foe Soviet Ambassador to 
London, British officials hope 
the visit will take place next 
month. They point out that 
the main reason for the delay 
has been foe shake-up inside 
foe Soviet Foreign Ministry 
rather than any reluctance by 
foe minister to travel to 

The recent marked im- 
provement in Anglo-Soviet 
relations was emphasized on 
Saturday night, when Sir Bry- 
an appeared on foe main 
Soviet television news to de- 
liver a message in Russian 
designed to mark the celebra- 
tion of the Queen’s official 

Sir Bryan explained to an 
estimated 100 million Soviet 
viewers that the West was 
well4nientioned towards the 
Soviet people. He cited British 
offers of help after the 
Chernobyl tragedy as an ex- 
ample of this goodwill. 

The ambassador, who has 
served here twice before, said 
he was struck by the economic 

changes, particularity in na- 
tional economic management, 
. when he returned to Moscow 
last year after a gap of II 

“We in Britain welcome 
these changes," be said. 
“However, when I read your 
newspapers and watch televi- 
sion broadcasts, it sometimes 
seems to me that the world 
beyond your borders, and 
especially the Western world, 
appears hostile or at least, ill- 
disposed towards your 

He added that Mr Peter 
Walker, foe Energy Secretary, 
had signed a for-reaching ener- 
gy co-operation agreement in 
Moscow a few days before 
“the tragic incident at 
chernobyl," which, he said, 
had illustrated the importance 
of co-operation and a full 
exchange of information in 
the nuclear era. 

Britain, the ambassador 
concluded, was glad it had 
been able to offer practical 
help to overcome foe conse- 
quences of foe accident. 

Addresses by ambassadors 
on Soviet television are a 
relatively new innovation. 

Cattenom. France (Reuter) 
— More than 1 0.000 protesters 
from West Germany. Luxem- 
bourg, Belgium and France 
demonstrated here yesterday 
against a new French nuclear 
power plant which is destined 
to be the largest in the world. 

A thousand riot police and 
gendarmes faced them, setting 
up road blocks in a three-mile 
radius of the plant and making 
spot checks on cam in the area. 

Police also blocked several 
border crossings between Lux- 
embourg and France with 
barbed wire. Traffic jams sev- 
eral miles long built up at 
remaining frontier posts. 

Police said no disturbances 
had been reported at foe rally 
and there were no arrests. 

. Cattenom is five miles 
south of the Luxembourg 
border and eight miles west of 
foe West German frontier. 

The demonstration was the 
first against the nuclear plant, 
built at a cost of around 30 
billion francs (£2.7 billion). 
Planned protests in 1979 and 
1981 were banned by foe 

The first tif Cattenom’s four 
1,3 00- MW reactors is due to 

come on stream in autumn. 
Critics say limits on radioac- 
tive emissions and waste wa- 
ter from foe plant are too lax, 
and some have called for foe 
plant to be scrapped. 

stones and bottles were 
thrown at police by demon- 
strators as some 1 .000 protest- 
ers gathered at the planned 
site of West Germany's first 
atomic waste processing plant 
(AP repons). 

Riot police fired tear gas 
canisters to drive protesters 
away from foe fence around 
foe Bavarian construction 
site, authorities said. 

Police said they arrested one 
protester, who was carrying a 
bottle filled with petrol that he 
apparently planned to use as a 
bomb. No injuries were re- 
ported in the clash. 

The protest was foe latest in 
a series of recent anti-nuclear 
demonstrations across West 

On Saturday, 5,000 demon- 
strators protested before the 
Hesse state parliament build- 
ing in Wiesbaden, urging au- 
thorities to dose all West 
German nuclear power plants. 

Memory of food riots dogs Cairo subsidy cuts 

From Robot Fisk 

Faced with an ever more mare for the 
awesome burden of interna- eminent. Largf 
rional debt and an equally country becara 
crippling rise in population, and some Ai 
President Mubarak’s Cabinet mats claimed 
is struggling to find a method that President 
of reducing food subsidies for came near 
Egypt’s poor by up to 75 per overthrown, 
cent to appease the World But Egyptia 
Bank and the International now saying, eq 
Monetary Fund (IMF). but ever more 

For muqh of this weekend, subsidies will 
Mr Mubarak has been trying reduced draslii 
to reassure Egyptian newspa- country’s £20,C 
per readers and television and its annu 
audiences that they need not £2.000 million 
fear any swingeing economic Egypt, howc 
measures. • master at avoii 

. “It has been a traditional of decisions, □< 
practice even in the world's the Americans 
richest countries to assist poor to give wantin 

of anarchy throughout Egypt 
after a 50 per cent cut in bread 
subsidies — remains a night- 
mare for the Egyptian Gov- 
ernment. Large sections of the 
country became ungovernable 
and some American diplo- 
mats claimed privately later 
that President Sadat's regime 
came near to being 

But Egyptian officials are 
now saying, equally discreetly 
but ever more insistently, that 
subsidies will have to be 
reduced drastically to cut the 
country’s £20,000 million debt 
and its annual interest of 
£2.000 million 
Egypt, however, is a past 
master at avoiding these sorts 
of decisions, not least because 
foe Americans — always ready 
to give warning of an end to 

form of cash payments. 

In Al Ahram. Mayo and Al 
Akhbar y Mr Lutfy has been 
quoted as saying that ft is 
impossible to reduce Govern- 
ment subsidies at one stroke 
and that “changing...from 
commodity subsidies to cash 
subsidies will be phased over 
four years". He would like to 
delay the implementation of 
such reductions until October 

The population figures in 
Egypt, where a million babies 
are bora every nine months 
and where only 30 per cent of 
married women are practising 
birth control suggest that the 

people," Ik told members of their own exceedingly gener- 

hisown National Democratic 

The question of subsidies 
remained “unsettled” but it 
cannot remain unsettled for 
much longer ■ nor can Mr 
Mubarak deny that most 
Egyptians are indeed poor — 
the average annual wage here 
is only £400 a year. 

The memory of the 1977 
food riots — when almost 80 
people were killed in two days 

ous £980 million — are as 
anxious as President Mubarak 
to avoid a recurrence of the 
Widespread civil disorders 
that occurred in 1977. 

Mr Aly Lutfy, the Egyptian 
Prime Minister, has been 
floating a number of trial 
balloons in the Cairo press to 
foe effect that subsidies could 
be reduced gradually and that 
some subsidies could be reim- 
bursed to the very poor in the 

Government is still in no 
position to implement the son 
of measures that could allevi- 
ate foe country's problems. 

There have been small re- 
ductions in subsidies for pet- 
rol. water, cooking oil. 
electricity and cigarettes but 
they have been made so slowly 
Lhat the public assumed they 
were part of a general but slow 
rise in the cost of living. The 
Government still underwrites 
train and bus fares as well as 
Egypt's two main television 

Neither the IMF nor the 
World Bank bas given a public 
ultimatum on the reduction of 
subsidies but Egyptian offi- 
cials say that their creditors 
are still demanding cuts of 75 
per cent in foodstuffs and 
other essentials if the econo- 
my is still to be propped up 
with international assistance. 

The problem is that Egypt is 
in no stale to help itself at a 
time when the drop in oil 
prices has forced the nation to 
cut the price of oil on an 
average of once a month this 
year and when fewer tankers 

Tourist revenues have fall- 
en dramatically after the hi- 
jacking of the Italian cruise 
liner Achille Laura and foe 
riot by security policemen 
who destroyed two luxury 
hotels near the Pyramids, 
killing an elderly Danish tour- 
ist who was burned to death in : 
her hotel bathroom. Remit- 1 
lances from Egyptians work- 
ing in foe Gulf — a traditional 
as well as an essential source 
of foreign currency — have 

Egypt, therefore, feces an- 
other hot summer, with its 
President still hoping to 
"democratize” his country, 
suppressing anti-American 
sentiment in the universities 
while relying upon foe US to 
prevent the country from 
going bankrupt. 

The Dickensian and filthy 
streets of Cairo, the continued 
use of precious arable land by 
the Nile for building and the 
sheer poverty of those who are 
supposed to ensure foe 
nation's security — the securi- 

Mr Mubarak: reassuring 
the Egyptian poor. 

passing through the SuezXa- "ty police were receiving only 
pal - as a resuli of foe same £3 a month until February — 
drop in Gulf oil revenues — have failed to drive home foe 
has reduced the income of foe dismal and continuing decline 
Suez Canal Authority. in Egypt's economy. 

halt war 

Beirut (AP) — Syrian army 
commandos separated war- 
ring leftists and Iranian- 
backed fundamentalists in 
east Lebanon's Bekaa valley 
yesterday, halting a four-day 
war that left 25 people dead 
and 129 wounded. 

Police reported the Syrian 
intervention as intermittent 
\ sniping strained a newly pro- 
. claimed ceasefire at Beirut's 
, refugee camps, where Shia 
Muslims and Palestinian guer- 

■ rillas battled for 27 days. 

. Syrian paratroopers went 

■ into foe Bekaa town of 
Mashgara in armoured per- 
sonnel carriers. 

Texas Fagin 
sent to jail 

Fort Worth, Texas (AP) — A 
“professional thief" who ran a 
training school for shoplifters 
has been sentenced to 40 years 
in prison for stealing six 
bottles of men's cologne, au- 
thorities said. 

They said Paul Edward 
Hood, aged 31, of Fort Worth, 
operated an underground 
school, teaching shoplifters 
techniques on planning escape 
routes, distracting sales people 
and pilfering— in exchange for 
half their take. 



Stanley. Falkland Islands 
(AP) — The people of the 
Falklands joined British mili- 
tary personnel at the weekend 
to celebrate foe fourth anni- 
versary of the end of 
Argentina's 74-day occupa- 
tion in 1982. 

There was a thanksgiving 
sevice followed by a wreath- 
laying at the Liberation monu- 
ment, dedicated two years ago 
to foe 255 servicemen and 
three civilians killed in foe 



Gibraltar — Mr Joe 
Bossano, Gibraltar's opposi- 
tion party leader and branch 
officer, for foe Transport and 
General Workers' Union has 
arrived in Britain, enlisted by 
the union to intensify its 
campaign against commer- 
cialization of naval dockyards. 

Mr Bossano. who will be 
lobbying Parliament and ad- 
dressing 19.000 workers from 
Devon port and Rosyih, has 
persistently opposed the com- 
mercialization of the Gibraltar 
naval yard which is now in its 
second year of private 

Eight killed 

Dhaka — Eight people were 
killed and 60 others wounded 
when an overcrowded bus 
slipped from a highway and 
plunged into a flooded canal 
about 12 miles east of Dhaka, 
police said yesterday. 

Missile alert 

Bahrain (Reuter) — The 
38.860-ton Greek tanker 
.Koriana was under tow in foe 
southern Gulf yesterday with 
.an unexploded missile on 
board after an Iranian helicop- 
ter attack, shipping sources 

Nepal premier 

Katmandu (AP) — Marich 
Man Singh Shreslha. aged 44, 
was declared Nepal’s Prime 
Minister yesterday. 

Park tragedy 

Edmonton (AP) - A car on 
a triple-loop roller coaster at a 
shopping mail's indoor 
amusement park derailed 
flinging three people to their 
deaths, police said 

Tiger bite 

Aurillac, France (AFP) — A 
tiger tore off a man’s arm 
when he put it through the 
bars of the animal's cage at a 
circus near here. Police said 
foe man was seriously ill in 
hospital but not in danger. 

Foreign aid 

Peking (UPI) — Stung by 
complaints of excessive red 
tape, high costs and low 
productivity, China has set up 
a new co-ordinating office to 
handle foe problems of foreign 
investors, foe Xinhua news 
agency 1 said yesterday. 

Official dies 

Cairo (Reuter) — A leading 
Egyptian government official 
died of a heart attack yester- 
day. a day after appearing in 
court on corruption charges, 
his lawyers said 

Gas warning 

Lisbon (UPI) — Hourly na- 
tionwide radio bulletins yes- 
terday warned residents of 
Lisbon to use a minimum of 
butane gas because of a 
planned strike over pay by 
petrochemical workers that 
would cut gas supplies to Uie 

Police swoop 

•.Tehran (Reuter) - Iran's 
revolutionary komtich police 
raided and sealed up 150 
shops and 32 warehouses and 
arrested 200 people in a 
crackdown on the capital's 
black marketeers, Tehran 
newspapers reported 



Attack on Israeli Bible 

study college raises 
spectre of civil strife 

A Bible study college was 
vandalized, :he main syna- 
gogue of Tel-Aviv was daubed 
with swastikas and a car 
carrying Ultra-Orthodox reli- 
gious leaders was stoned over 
the weekend as extremis: secu- 
lar Jews stepped-up a violent 
campaign to counter vandal- 
ism by the religious 

Yesterday's Cabinet meet- 
ing discussed these latest at- 
tacks with ministers clearly 
shocked by the prospect of a 
civil war between the secular 
and religious communities. 

Mr Shimon Peres, the 
Prime Minister, told the Cabi- 
net that there was now a need 
for a supreme effort to over- 
come the differences between 
the two sides through a 

He branded those who were 
responsible for damaging the 
religious college premises as 

From las Murray, Jerusalem 

extremists, adding that they 
were in the same category as 
the Ultra-Orthodox Jews who 
have been setting fire to bus 
shelters in a campaign against 
what they claim are “lewd" 
advertising posters of girls in 

The Prime Ministers said 
that these actions carried out 
by people “on the fringes of 
the groups" would be pun- 
ished to make sure that the 
guilty were brought to justice. 

The attack on the Yesftiva 
(Bible study college) in Tel- 
Aviv on Saturday — the 
Sabbath — was the most 
violent so far by secular 
extremists. Hundreds of pray- 
er books were ripped apart, 
the Ark of the Tora was 
damaged and tefilin (small 
leather boxes containing scrip- 
tures) were torn. 

The students were away in 
Jerusalem at the time and 

.neighbours who discovered 
what had happened did not 
call the police at once, because 
to do so would have broken 
the Sabbath. 

The swastikas daubed on 
the walls inside the synagogue 
were discovered on Friday 
afternoon and it was just 
possible to have them re- 
moved before the start of the 

These desecrations are re- 
garded as extremely serious, 
but on die religious side they 
are seen as less worrying than 
the steady- erosion of values 
which allowed the “lewd" 
posters to be put up without 
question, thus provoking the 
observant community to a 
campaign of vandalism. 

New bank chief named 

Mr Zevulun Hammer, a 
National Religious Party MP, 
insisted that “the secular com- 
munity must understand that 
not everybody can live with 
the sight ofnude posters in bus 

The Israeli Cabinet has at 
last agreed on a successor as 
governor of the Bank of Israel, 
to take over from Dr Moshe 
Mandelbamn, who was re- 
quired to resign after- being 
found partly to blame for illicit 
share dealings (Our Jerusa- 
lem Correspondent writes). 

He is Mr Michael Bruno. 

aged 54, a professor at the 
Hebrew University. A sup- 
porter of the Labour Party, be 
was nevertheless accepted by 
the Likud members of die 

He was an architect of 
Israel's recent tax reforms and 
of its economic austerity 

But the Ashkenazi Chief 
Rabbi, Mr Avraham Shapira, 
complained: “The main prob- 
lem is the collapse of the status 
quo." This was a reference to 
the written understanding 
whereby nothing can be 
changed which upsets the 
traditional rights of the reli- 
gious community. 

;psets the 

t the rrii- Ultra-Orthodox students looking through retigicas hooks for damage after the attack ~ 
Tel Aviv Bible study college by secular Jews. Anti-religious slogans woe painted on walls. 

Urbsti Drive. Altrincham. March 86. 

Urban Drive, Altrincham. June 86. 

Alright then, where’s our 

gas holder gone? 

Up in the Northwest, recently, some of our gas holders 
have gone missing. What we’ve done at British Gas 
is replace them with a vast bell-shaped underground 
store created in the subterranean salt deposits deep 
below the Cheshire Plain. 4 

A. v j 

Qtn-Bswansitrgnmd stars 

comntmsisss holders. 

This we fill with gas at night, ready for use the 
following morning. During the chilliest days of the 
year, when demand always soars, our new salt cavity 
helps ensure that there’s enough gas in reserva $ 

WOre doing everything we can all over the country to maintain 
a continuous flow of gas to 16 million households. And if we can 
avoid breaking the skyline as well, then were pleased our 

achievements should remain invisible, firitish GdS^ 

Bush tries 
to heal 
trade rift 

mourns 15 
victims of 
forest fire 

From John Best 

By Oiff Foreign Staff 

Last week’s three-day visit 
to Canada by Mr Geoi^ 
Bush, the American Vice- 
President, is being seen as a 
move by the Reagan Adminis- 
tration to patch up recent 
differences between the two 
countries and set the .nght 
tone for this week’s opening or 
bilateral free trade n<®>na- 

° On Friday Mr Bush pleaded 
for a cessation of the “tip 
which began last month with 
the sudden imposition or a ja 
per rent tariff on certain 
Canadian wood products en- 
tering the US. 

The American move 
sparked a scalding message to 
President Reagan from Mr 
B rian Mulroney, the Canadi- 
an Prime Minister. 

Canada followed the verbal 
blasts with a retaliatory tariff 
on American books, computer 
parts and a range of other 
items. The omens for the trade 
negotiations began to look 
extremely bleak. ■ 

Mr -Bush said that the tariff 
could have been bandied 
“with more sensitivity" on die 
American side. 

. Bui he stressed .that US- 
Can a di a n friendship was too 
important to let such matters 
disrupt it The Reagan Ad- 
ministration was strongly 
committed to making the 
negotiations, due to start to- 
morrow, bear fruit. 

It was announced at the 
weekend that Mr Mulroney 
has booked time on the CBC 
television network tonight for 
an address to tbe nation on the ; 
eve of the negotiations. 

chael Deaver, the former 
White House aide whose con- 
troversial- lobbying activities 
are now bong investigated by 
a special prosecutor, has an- 
nounced he w HI not renew bis 
contract with the Canadian 
Government (Michael Binyon 

The contract is the focus of 
accusations that he broke 
conflict-of-interest roles while 
lobbying for Ottawa on add 

Portugal's fire-fighting 
planes md not take to foe air 
because they are not required 
to do so by law until July 1. 
Fire drief.Josi Larangeira 
excused them on grounds that 
“foe fores came extraordinari- 
ly early this year". 


to placate Greece 

From MaifoModiaiw,Athens 
The European Commission that would be acceptable to 
is tiying to work out- a Greece". 

compromise this week to in- The fear in Brussels appears 

duoe Greece to withdraw lt$ to be that, unless eariy action 
objections to the reactivation is taken, the Greek-Turidsh- 
bf Turkey's association agree- conflict might become a big 
mem wnh the Community- ’issue at the summit at The 

Greece is expectedt to stele Hague on Junr26 and 27. 

at the Community foreign Mr Andreas Papandreou. 

ministers’ meeting in Luxem- the Greek Prime Minister, is 
bouig today and tomorrow known to be determined to 

that it opposes the revival of raise the problems at the 
EEC links with Turkey, which meeting. The Greeks leave no 

were frozen after the military one in doubt that they propose 
takeover in September 1980. to obstruct Turkey's full mem* 

• Mr Theodoras Pangalas, bership of the Community 
Minister of State for Commit and to induce Ankara to 

nity Affairs, said his country facilitate a solution of the 
refused to accede to the Turk- Cyprus problem 

refused to accede to the Turk-' 
isb association treaty until two 
main conditions were met ■ 

Cyprus problem 
The British, wf 

The British, who take over 
presidency of the Council of 

First, Turkey must abolish Ministers next month, seem 
what he called a racist decree determined _to press ahead 

discriminating against Greeks with improving relations with 
tv freeing all tiieir property Turkey. 

and assets in Turkey, and 
secondly, Greece wants ex- 
emption 1 from a Community 
undertaking to allow flee 
movement of Turkish 
workers. " 

M Jacques Delors, Presi- 
dent of the European Com- 
mission, who had talks in 
Athens. Iasi week, disclosed 
that his colleague, M Claude 
Cheysson, Commissioner for 
Mediterranean policy and 
North-South . relations, had 
been assigned tef “seek . a 
limited agreement between 
the Community and Turkey 

M Cheysson.— seeking a 
limited agreement 

US threat 

on Marcos 


From Michael Binyon 

UK to give 
£11 maid 
to Uganda 


Washington has told former 
president Ferdinand Marcos 
that continued meddling ha 
Philippine politics could jeop- 
ardize his status as a political 
exile in the US, according to 
reports yesterday. 

Senior Administration offi- 
cials are said to have told bira 
two weeks ago that they did 
not consider partisan political 
activity consistent with his 
status as a guest in the 
country. They said it appeared 
he ignored the warning. 

US o ffi ci als believe Mr 

Marcos sponsored and enconr- 

aged recent demonstrations la 
Manila against President 
Aquino, his successor, who 
has strong American backing, j 

Although 'bo formal limits- 1 
have been sec on the activities 

of . the Marcoses, who are 
tivug in Hawafi, exiles in the 
US hare traditionally ob- 
served restrictions on political 

• MANILA: Muhammad All 
Dimaporo, a powerful Muslim 
warlord loyal to Mr Marcos 
vowed yesterday that be and 
his supporters would figh t 
“until the end of our live? if 
foe military used force to 
disarm them in foe southern 
Philippines (UPI reports). 

From Charles Harrison 
. Nairobi 

A £10.8 million agreement 
.for British aid to Uganda, 
involving the rehabilitation of 
the Owen Falls hydro-electric 
station at foe source of the 
Nile, has been signed in 
Kampala by the acting British 
High Commissioner, Mr Peter 
Penfold, and Uganda’s Fi- 
nance Minister, Mr Ponsiano 

The aid scheme has been 
under consideration for sever- 
al years. Its final im piemen ta- 
tio n wa s delayed by. political 
uncertainties and by two mili- 
tary coups within the past 
year. . - 

It provides for the' repair 
and re-equipping of genera- 
tion equipment at foe Owen 
Falls station, which - was • 
opened by the Queen, when 
she visited Uganda in 1954, 
and also covers work on foe 
power distribution system. - 

The Owen 'Falls station 
exports power to Kenya.' as 
well as supplying Uganda’s 

v^-h S 


Twelve firemen and three- 
other people faHedon Satur- 
day in a forest fire flat raged 
for 31 boms in foe Caramnlo 
range, near Agneda, 120 ntiks 
north of Lisbon, woe bu ried 
yesterday amid an at m osp here 
of national mounting and 

It is suspected that the huge 
fire, which consumed thou- 
sands of acres of forest and 
brush, was started by arson- 
ists. One firefighteris missing, 
presumed dean. 

Some 400 firemen called for 
military help to battle the 
blaze. Tanker planes arrived 
from Spain early yesterday to 

“It is a tragedy, a tragedy. 
Madness. Some died holding 
each other and we had to break 
their arms to separate them," 
one young firefighter said. 

President Soares has sent 
condolences to rktims\ fam- 
ilies, and Senhor Ambal 
Cava co Sflva, the Prime Min- 
ister, called far heavy sen- 
tences for those believed to 
have set the fire. 

Authorities said fires began 
simultaneously in several 
places in remote mountain 
areas. Squads iff arsonists 
were said to have been acting 
for hzmbermcD who cheaply 
buy remaining trunks after the 

Seven of the firemen died , 
when their truck was engulfed 
in flames and three ottos 
were killed when their vehicle 
exploded. One fireman was 
found still clutching a hose. 
Others were flared to take 
refuge is a river. 

There is a lot of anger 
among the p&btic over the 
fores. The Government has the 
eqarvaJeht of £&5 million for 
planes and other fire-fighting 
equipment, bat foe funds have 
not been released by the 
Ministry of tbe Interior. 

Bmam is also providing 
£63.000 to restore foe water 
spppjy -system at' the. Mulago 
hospital in Kampala. The 
hwpital was ah independence • 
gift from Britain. . : J . . 

* V 

Jbelu-s tan 
jortasies nn 


overseas News 




Spanish Socialists run 
scared as polls 
predict loss of majority 

Spain's Socialists are run- 
ning scared after opinion polls 
yesterday indicated that it was 
doubtful they can repeat their 
1 982 performance in Sunday's 
election and obtain an abso- 
lute majority for another four 

Opinion polls took some- 
thing of a beating in the March 
referendum on Nato, but with 
only five days of campaigning 
to go, Senor Felipe Gonzalez, 
the Prime Minister, raised his 
tone sharply when he ad- 
dressed rallies in five different 
parts of the country over the 

At the stan of the three- 
week campaign, he merely 
urged voters to go to the polls, 
reflecting the Socialists' wor- 
ries about abstentions. 

However, in a weekend 
address in Vitoria, in the 
Basque region, he concentrat- 
ed all his fire on the prospects 
of the right returning to power, 
and Spain losing an historic 
opportunity for progress if the 
Socialists did not win outright 

“I ask you on Sunday for a 
majority to make it dear that 
we want to continue on the 
road of progress and not go 
into reverse gear.” 

Even more explidtly, Senor 
Alfonso Guerra, the Deputy 
Prime Minister and Sotialist 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

campaign manager, said at a 
meeting near Seville that the 
entire Socialist project “for the 
poor” was at stake on Sunday. 

The Socialists, having got 
used to governing virtually 
unchallenged, with' 202 seats 
in the outgoing 350-seat Par- 
liament, do not take kindly to 
suggestions that they might 
give the country better and 
more responsive government 
with a reduced majority.' 

They accused the right-wing 
and centre opposition parties 
of only campaigning in a 
negative way to deprive them 
of a comfortable majority. 

Yesterday's jolt for the So- 
cialists came principally from 
a poll in El Pais, the indepen- 
dent Madrid daily, which 
showed the party had lost 
support since the campaign 
began, and was only likely to 
get 41 per cent of the vote, 
against 47 per cent four years 
ago. Abstentions, at around 30 
per cent, would be 10 per cent 
higher than in 1982. The poll 
said the Socialists would get 
167 to 194 seats. 

A second poll, in the Ya 
Roman Catholic daily, gave 
the Sodalists only 158 seats. 
But a poll ip Diario 16 
suggested they could get be- 
tween 193 and 202. 

What ail three polls agreed 
on, however, was that there 

Nicaragua food crisis 

Shelves bare as 
shortages mount 

From Alan Tomlinson, Managua 

Nicaragua is- suffering its 
worst food shortages in the 
seven years since the Sandi- 
nistas took power, pledging to 
reorganize economic life on 
Marxist principles for the 
benefit of the poor. 

-Even the staples of the 
national diet - rice, beans and 
the maize from which tortillas 
are made — are in chronically 
short supply. Meat batter, 
eggs and cooking oil have 
almost disappeared from the 
capital's shops and markets. 

While periodic scarcities of 
one prodnet or another have 
been a part of post-revolution- 
ary life for some time, shop- 
pers and. officials agree that 
things have never been as bad 
as they are now. 

Falling* production of basic 
foodstuffs has forced the Gov- 
ernment gradually to abandon 
many of its price aid distribu- 
tion controls, leaving house- 

Shultz fears defeat 

Washington - The US Secre- 
tary of State, Mr George 
Shultz, says Nicaraguan rebel 
forces need US assistance 
quickly to head off an “out- 
right permanent victory" by 
the Sandinistas Government 
(AP reports). “We cannot 
afford to wait." he said. 

wives at the mercy of 300 per 
cent inflation and a lively 
black market 

The main cause of the 
deteriorating economic situa- 
tion remains the five-year-old 
guerrilla war against the US- 
backed Contras, who have 
made state farms and peasant 
co-operatives the prime tar- 
gets of their attacks. 

Forty workers died in raids 
on co-operative farms daring 
one week last month and the 
war has also taken much 
manpower out of the fields into 
the army. 

Falling exports have led to a 
dire shortage of foreign ex- 
change to buy agricultural and 
food processing machinery 
and farming inputs such as 
fertilizer and pesticides. The 
US trade boycott has exacer- 
bated the problem. 

However, an increasing 
number of supporters, as well 
as critics of the revolution's 
economic strategies, share the 
vien that price controls which 
protected the consumer at the 
expense of the fanner have 
made a bad situation worse. 

The Government's hardest 
critics in the private business 
sector also argue that the 
manner In which agrarian 
reform has attempted to im- 

pose collective farming prac- 
tices on a reluctant peasantry 
has sapped the incentive to 
produce. The Government ad- 
mits that the working day has 
fallen quite widely to as little 
as three or four horns. 

* To boost productivity of 
basic grains, the Government 
has removed maize and beans 
from its shrinking list of 
controlled goods in what one 
economist described as “a 
significant shift back to a free 
market economy for the 

These staples are grown 
almost exclusively in the 
northern highlands where the 
war has been fiercest. - : 

Transport has so frequently 
been the target of Contra 
ambushes that last year's 
■crops, already halved by a 
severe drought, hod to be 
brought down from the moun- 
tains in army convoys. 

Much of the diminished 
harvest found its way on to the 
black market because peas- 
ants preferred to risk heavy 
penalties to get a better price 
for then 1 crops. 

Rice, the other staple in 
severe scarcity, is produced 
almost entirely mi huge state 
and private farms. Here, said a 
farming analyst, the problem 
has been lade- of parts for 
processing machinery pur- 
chased in the US -before the 

He attributed the shortage 
of meat to the smuggling of 
beef across the borders by 
ranchers seeking hard curren- 
cy in Honduras and Costa 
Rica and estimated that 40 per 
'cent of Nicaraguan cattle were 
sold illegally, while most of the 
remaining meat was chan- 
nelled by the Government to 
work canteens as a means of 
discouraging absenteeism. 

The scarcity of cooking oil 
was attributed to lack of 
foreign exchange to buy insec- 
ticides which had exposed last 
year's cotton crop to plague. 

■ A British economist work- 
ing in Managua predicted that 
food shortages in the capita] 
and other cities would get 

“Now that things are really 
short, the Government has 
been faced with the choice of 
who will get the scarce 
resources," be said. 

It had been decided that 
supplies would go first to the 
rural -poor to discourage mi- 
gration from the land to the 
cities and to reward the sector 
the Sandinistas regard as their 
political power base. 

British team 
in China talks 
on Hong Kong 

From David Bonavia 

Hong Kong 

A team of British experts 
left for Peking yesterday to 
hold further talks with Chi- 
nese officials on matters of 
shipping, aviation and nation- 
ality to be settled in advance 
of 1 997, the date of reversion 
of Hong Kong's sovereignty to 

The three-man team is led 
by the colony's deputy secre- 
tary for economic services. Mr 
Jerry Higginson. 

He told reporters that it was 
imposed to separate the Hong 
Long shipping register from 
that of Britain's, in which it is 
at present incorporated 

The matter would be regu- 
lated by the Anglo-Chinree 
joint- liaison group which has 
already had three sessions. 


Secret service 
accused on 
Bologna blast 

From Peter Nichols 

Unjudicial inquiry into the 
bomb explosion at Bologna 
railway station in August 1980 
which cost 85 lives and 150 
injured places the blame firm- 
ly on terrorists of the extreme 
right under the control of a 
group within the secret 

The inquiry's lengthy report 
urges the trial of 19 people, 
including Signor Lido Gelli, a 
fugitive abroad who was once 
head of the now dissolved and 
illegal Masonic Lodge known 
as the "Propaganda Two”. 

Signor Gelli is referred to in 
the report as the real head of I 
the secret service at the time of | 
the bombing. What does not 
emerge is for whom he was 
supposed to be working. 

would be a strong advance by 
Senor Adolfo Suarez, the for- 
mer prime minister who guid- 
ed Spain's transition to 

The polls say disenchant- 
ment, with the Socialists has 
led people to switch support to 
Senor Suarez, with the result 
that his tiny Democratic and 
Soda] Centre Party, which 
had only two seats in the old 
Parliament, could end up with 
15 to 32. 

The polls confirmed the 
impression that Set) or Manuel 
Fraga's right-wing Popular At 
fiance cannot significantly in- 
crease its seats, still mustering 
just under a hundred. 

Meanwhile, the Basque Na- 
tionalist party, in power in the* 
autonomous region, has al- 1 
ready offered to negotiate its 
support in Madrid if the 
Socialists foil to get an overall 

In the Basque country in 
1982 the Sodalists took votes 
from the centre and extreme 
left, and it is the problem of 
repeating the performance this 
lime which worries party 

Senor Gonzalez rejected ne- 
gotiations with the Basque 
terrorists, and at the weekend 
left it to his lieutenants to 
attack ETA and those forces 
which support it 

Sefior Gonz&lez feeling the strain as he addresses a rally 
during the weekend at Vitoria, in the Basque country. 

Wave of 

From Hasan Akhtar 

The cabinet of the North- 
West Frontier province is 
reported to have recommended 
amendments to anti-terrorist 
laws to provide for the swift 
trial of people accused of 
terror activities and bombings. 

Mr Arbab Jahangir Khan, 
the province's Chief Minister, 
said in Peshawar on Saturday 
that a rise in the number of 
bomb blasts in parts of the 
province near Afghanistan, 
had assumed alarming propor- 
tions and the federal Govern- 
ment was also worried. 

The provincial government 
is said to have recommended 
that single tribunals should try 
those accused of bombing and 

murder instead of two different 

arts separately hearing 
bombing and mm-ddr charges 
against the same person. 

The majority of Afghan 
sfhgees and Mujahideen are 
ised in the sensitive -prov- 
ince. The provincial govern- 
ment is said to have started a 
more elaborate system 
ofsnrveil lance of unidentified 

The government 1 in the 
southern province of Sind has 
also launched a _ mopping up 
operation with the Kelp of 
extra paramilitary and police 
forces in (bar or the worst 
affected districts. 

Asian seven fail to 
reach: terror pact 

From Ahmed Fad, Dhaka 

Efforts by the South Asian . 
Association for Regional Co- 
operation to achieve a com- 
mon strategy for dealing -with 
terrorism ran aground at the 

• Delegates from. the seven 
member nations foiled to 
read) an agreement on an anti- 
terrorism convention, sources 
said yesterday. 

About 27 officials from 
India, Pakistan, ' Sri Lanka, 
Nepal, Maldives, Bhutan arid 
Bangladesh, the host, dis- 
cussed 12 recommendations 
asking their governments to 
forge dose links between secu- 
rity agencies to combat cross- 
border terrorism. They 
disagreed however, on the 
vital question of extradition. 

Mr Abdul Hamid Chowd- 
huiy of Bangladesh, who 
chaired the meeting, said that 
violence by extremist Sikhs in 
the Indian state of Punjab and 
Tamil separatists in northern 
Sri Lanka were discussed but 
officials decided to evade a 
definition of terrorism. 

“This could have endan- 
gered the meeting because 

member states were not unan- 
imous on where legitimate 
political struggle ended and 
terrorism began,” he said. 

Bangladesh and India, 
which accuse each other of 
providing sanctuaries for trith 
al separatists, avoided a do; 
bate on the issue. 

The recommendations,' 
which will be submitted to thq 
association's council of minis- 
ters for approval later this 
year, urged member states to 
form special courts for speedy.' 
trial of terrorists and Isold 
joint training programmes for 
anti -terrorist squads. 

Meanwhile, four people, 
were killed and 11 others, 
wounded in attacks by sepa-; 
ratist tribal guerrillas in 
Bangladesh’s south-eastern. 
Chittagong region. Interior 
Ministry officials said. 

• DHAKA: More than a doz- 
en petrol bombs exploded last' 
night at Dhaka Universiry.' 
sparking fears of renewed" 
student violence as classes, 
resumed after a summer re-: 
cess (Reuter reports). Teach- 
ers said no one was hurt. 

Canada Sikhs charged 

Toronto (Reuter) - Canadi- 
an Mounties .said -yesterday 
they bad-arrested seven Sikhs 
on conspiracy chaises in raids 
in Ontario and British Colum- 
bia. They gave no details of 
the conspiracy but said the 
Sikhs would appear in court 
today when the foil charges 

would be disclosed. 

They identified those arrest- 
ed as Hardev Singh Parmar, 
Rampal Singh Dbillon, Sadhir- 
Singh Thiara, Tejinder Singfr 
Kalob. Surmukh Singh- 
Lakhaian, Daijit Singh DeoL 
and Ajaib Singh Bagn. 





Handcrafted by the Men of Tain. 

■ * • ■ . ■ 


> ICflUi 

T l HREE DAYS A WEEK Tom Anderson steers his 
faithful Fordson from the distillery* filling room, along 
the 800 yards of ageing driveway to the Glenmoiangie 
warehouses. (Here the whisky will spend its 10 year maturation 
beside the choppy waters of the Dornoch Firth). 

Behind him on the low loader gently jostle twelve 
recently filled oaken casks of Glenmorangie malt whisky. 

As he sedately negotiates the bends in the path 
Tom passes the distillery’s only traffic sign: SLOW 
This is rather a reminder to Tom to watch for the 
distillery hen, than an admonition to moderate his speed. 

Haste is not a prerequisite of a Glenmorangie tractorman. 

7. TOM ANDERSON. Tractorman , 








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12 54 

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jackpot not won- Pi 


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Big hits, quick wits, fast grass 

Next Monday, Wimbledon will celebrate 
100 years of men's singles. In the first 

of two articles based on his new book. The 

Times Tennis Correspondent Rex Bellamy 
describes a tournament quintessentially 


British — except in the way it is played 

; ■ A paradox about the game's 

■ greatest festival is that it reduces 
■ .tennis to a crude form — mere 

flashes of beauty, with no endur- 
. ; ing flame Rallies tend to be over 
•v, before they become interesting. 
_ . Much of the men's tennis at 
^Wimbledon is drained of colour. 

( Watching it is rather like travelling 
''-'back in lime to the era of black- 
~ ;.and-white television. 

Another paradox is that the 
^smash-and-grab raids of Wimble- 
don are un-British. The British are 
not renowned for the hasty vio- 
lence, that is the enemy of order, 
nor for the gambling instinct that 
“ challenges reason: But violent 
gambling is the nature of tennis as 
it is played on grass. 

The quality, the standard of 
play, is usually exemplary. But 
grass strips tennis down to its 
fundamentals. There is not much 
i - profit in the graces of subtlety and 
nlTincsse. There is not much time for 
-patterned manoeuvring. Even 
-.''Manuel Santana, so imaginative 
and artistic on clay, had to acquire 
— a big service and carefully restrict 
repertoire of shots in order to Wimbledon. In other words. 
“Twhen winning Wimbledon he was 
; less interesting, less fun to watch. 
.‘"4han he was when winning in 

" r . On grass, the important things 
are power, fast reactions, a capaci- 
ty for improvisation. These quali- 
’.ties are necessary on any surface. 

■ •But they are not enough, in 
‘..themselves, to satisfy the connois- 


There are ghosts at Wimbledon. 
t : They are. friendly but rather 
Irjntimidating — almost tangible in 
^ the enduring strength of their 
ri personalities. The greatness of 
Yesterday can be sensed every- 
- where. The place is like an old 
'bouse in which new owners are 
always conscious of those who 
‘Jived there before them. The 
.. ghosts have names like Suzanne 
'lenglen, Bill Tilden. Henri 
^.Cochet, Helen Wills. Maureen 

Connolly and Rod Laver. .The 
players of today cannot close their 
minds to the players of yesterday. 

This is particularly true on the 
centre court. Its perimeter is 
roofed which gives the court an 
enclosed, concentrated, almost 
claustrophobic ambience. There 
are limes when the centre court 
has the character of ‘an indoor 
arena. Many great players, men 
and women of strong personal- 
ities. have sometimes been over- 
whelmed by this powerful aura. 
For a few games they can be 
afflicted by a form of mental 
paralysis, so that they just hit balls 
instead of playing tennis. Only a 


work and control of the racket 
head. We noticed the playful good 
humour, the hair tossing amid the 
swirling breezes of the centre 
court We noticed the running 
forehands clouted from under the 
noses of spectators in the front 
row. the startling whip of that top- 
spin backhand, the capacity to hit 
gloriously aggressive shots when 
logic suggested defensive thinking. 

Blurred lightning of 
reflexes, footwork 
and racket control 

' | 

The corpse sat up, 
blinked and 
looked around him 


• ;t 

few players — Lenglen. Tilden, 
Jean Borotra. Pancho Gonzales, 
Hie Nastase among them — have 
dominated the centre court in- 
stead of being dominated tv it 
In 1969 Gonzales, a silver- 
haired grandfather, won the long- 
est and one of the finest matches 
in Wimbledon's history. He beat 
Charles PasarelL a 25-year-old 
American, by 22-24, 1-6, 16-14, 6- 
3. 11-9 in five hours and 12 
minutes. These 112 games sur- 
passed the 93-game- record set by 
Jaroslav Drobny and Budge Patty 
at Wimbledon in 1953. There had 
been longer matches elsewhere, 
but none in which a man of41 had 
endured so well for so long. 
Gonzales survived a total of seven 
match points. His was one of the 
greatest individual achievements 
in tennis or any other sport 
The man smouldered with char- 
acter. There were dark brooding 
depths in his intense concentra- 
tion. He had the loose-limbed .ease 
of the natural athlete. He had the 

m a;-- 

. *-1# 



£*> K 

i z •. vr - ' i : - '• >•? • 

The longest match: Gonzales takes a breather daring his epic 1969 straggle against Pasarell (top right) 

mannerisms of a well-rehearsed 
actor treading a familiar stage: the 
fingers of his left hand flicking 
away the sweat and hitching his 
sodden shirt back on to his 

Yet behind the animal was the 
artist, behind the lion a sporting 
surgeon with a wondrous delicacy 
of touch. What enabled Gonzales 
to keep going, in addition to his 
physique and his courage, was bis 
economy of effort — his facile 
blend of power and subtlety. What 
enabled him to win was his superb 
ability to play the big points welL 

In those days the players — 
unlike today's pampered heroes — 

had no chairs to sit on during 
chan geo vers. Gonzales and 
Pasarell stayed on then- feet for the 
longest match in Wimbledon's 

In those days, too, one had time 
to sit down and write a considered 
expansive piece for the later 
edi Lions. The first edition report 
was a nerve-racking trip through a 
mental mangle. Play did not begin 
until two o'clock and. after a rew 
hours chasing news like a squirrel 
collecting nuts, one tad to extem- 
porize 1.000 words straight out of 
the notebook. Equipped with a 
pint of beer. I would get on the 
telephone and hope for a compe- 

tent copy-taker, who would get me 
through the words before the beer 
got through me. 

The character of the players and 
the play certainly helped. There 
wasadayin 1971 when Rod Laver 
beat Tom Okker in a fine match 
between two whippy, swift and 
restlessly adventurous . welter- 
weights. Their tennis was all 
timing, touch and improvisation. 

Laver's efficiency level looked 
about 80 per cent and he gave the 
impression that' he knew where to 
find the other 20 per cent when he 
needed it. We noticed anew the 
lazily self-conscious walk, the 
blurred lightning of reflexes, foot- 

When it mattered most. Okker 
was a man trying to snatch 
sunbeams out of the air. 

In 1974 Ken Rosewall won 6-8, 
4-6. 6-1. 6-3 again 51 Stan Smith, 
who bad a match point in the tie- 
break. That marvellous recovery 
made RosewalL, at 39. the oldest 
finalist since 1912 and the only 
man to play in finals 20 years 
apart The transformation was 
astonishing. - Having scraped 
through the first set Smith visibly 
grew in confidence as he won the 
second and went to 5-3 in the 
third. He looked awfully big. He 
had no more muscles than anyone 
else but they covered larger areas. 
When he extended his limbs to the 
limit to serve, it seemed that yards 
and yards were unfolding. 

Rosewall kept looking sadly at 
.the ground, like a man wbo Tiad 
been presented with a dud cheque 
after waiting 22 years for a golden- 
handshake. He kept serving dou- 
ble faults, too.* With his service, 
this was like the driver of a hearse 


Grace and flavour of 
die wonder women 


b 1 Muslim’s women (5} 
-r4 Vincent— -f3.4) 

’ 8 Exhausted (3.2) 

9 Very brightly (7) 

-40 Ship's biscuit 18) 

- 1 1 -Israel/Egypt strip (4) 
**93 Vegetable casserole 
:• (ID 

-17 Crating noise (4) 

-18 Printed star (8) 

^21 Go before (7) 

22 Distribute (3) 

'23 Debate (7) 


/Jl Commons (6) 

* 2 Measuring strip (5) 
3 Trivial details (8) 
"-4 Animation (1 3r 
|,- 5 Church centre <4) 

6 Strange person (7) 
Prime (6) 

12 Educated (8) jfi Outline drawing (6) 

14 Pus area (7) 19 inactive person (S) 

15 Three-legged stand (6) 20 GirTs sweetheart (4) 

Stetson shortage in 

An American in 

Erie Beaumont 


Paris is a rare sight 

this summer. And 

the stay-away mood 
is having its effect 

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- — _ 

■ - 

_ • 


C ole Porter loved it Ev- 
ery young person 
should have some of it 
Ernest Hemingway thought 
But this year, according to an 
official French estimate, about 
800.000 Americans decided 
that Paris in the springtime is 
something they could do 
without - 

The French luxury' trade is 
beginning to count the cost 
Like African nomads looking 
for the rains, the high fashion 
boutique owners around the 
Madeleine search for signs 
that the financial drought is 
ending. Oh. for a glimpse of a 
stetson hat Where are you, 
Betsy Bloom ingdale? 

For the casual Paris visitor 
seeking a bit of international 
glitter, it is all very peculiar. 
After 10 o'clock al night the 
Hemingway Bar at the Ritz is 
normally glowing with that 
reckless good cheer exuded by 
wealthy people away from 
home who have dined well 
and don't feel like going to bed 
yet. When I strayed in last 
week there was no one there at 

If luxury hoteliers are ques- 
tioned about how they are 
doing in this situation, their 
invariable policy is to say that 
they are not doing too badly, 
thanks, though of course some 
of their competitors have been 
seriously hit. Walking off the 
Place de la Concorde, past the 
quadruple bay trees and across 
the half-acre doormat of the 
Crillon Hotel. 1 was tactless 
enough to ask the under 
manager of this I Sth-century 
palace (48 suites from £310 
upwards, service included)' 
how he was faring. 

“For the next 1 0 days we are 
fully booked", replied the tall 
ambassadorial Monsieur 
Hirondelle. without so much 
as the blink of an eyelid. “For 
us. the crisis is over, because 
most of our diems are 'serious 
business people who do not 
take notice of everything they 
read in ifte papers. For others, 
of course " 

Staying at the Ritz. howev- 
er. was “like staying in an 
empty funeral parlour", in the 
wends of one English lady 
guest 1 found there. One 
complete floor was closed. 
"Purcli because of construc- 
tion work", explained Ritz 
president Frank Klein. Con- 
struction work? In the middle 
of the season? “It is not too 

bad. A drop of between seven 
and 1 0 per cent. But we are not 
in so much trouble as hotels 
like the Sheraton who need' 
tour groups to survive . . ." 

For a tactual damage assess- 
ment I went to British-born 
Elizabeth Olivereau of the 
Relais & Chateaux interna- 
tional luxiny hotel chain. 
They keep a marketing office 
in the United States and 
around 60 per cent of their 
trade has been coming from 
there. - 

“In 1985". she said, “which 
was a bumper year, we sold 

360.000 bed-nights in our 1 50 
French hotels. In 1986. if you 
take account of the figures so 
far. we would expect to sell 

180.000 bed-nights which is a 
drop of 50 per cent. In cash 
terms that would mean a 
decrease* in the takings for 
rooms, meals, bars and so on 
of around 150 million francs 
which, apart from anything 
else, means 18 million francs 
less for the state in VAT." 

now mainly east-coast Ameri- 
can urge for an annual injec- 
tion of cosmopolitan chic as it 
is distilled in Paris. Not just 
hotels, boutiques and taxis are 
due to suffer if this mystic link 
is broken. Americans are es- 
sential fuel for the Parisian 
social whirl. “Everybody is 
complaining", according to 
one professional party-giver. 
"The florists such as 
Lachaume and Moulie-Savart, 
the famous caterers, and 
houses such as Carillon, which 
rent equipment for big 
parties." It wasn't like that 
when the Socialists were in 

A visit to any of the 
chain's fairy-tale cha- 
teau hotels outside Par- 
is reveals the size of the 
problem. At the Chateau de 
NieuiL a superb moated and 
turreted 16 th-century confec- 
tion near Angouleme. it is the 
habil of proprietor Jean-Mi- 
chel Bodinaud to decorate 
each dinner table with a flag 
representing the nationality of 
the guests sitting there. “We 
would normally have five or 
six stars and stripes out at this 
time", he said last weekend. 
This year there was one. 

To a certain kind of US 
visitor. “Paris-France" is an 
element of American folklore. 
A whole sub-industry ranging, 
from the International Herald 
Tribune to the Folies Beigeres 
exists to serve the rich and 

T he little shops around 
the Avenue Montaigne 
and the Rue de Fau- 
bourg St Honore are estimated 
in the trade to be suffering a 
drop of between 30 and 50 per 
cent in business. “It was 
extraordinary", relates one 
English visitor, “to be able to 
walk into the Chanel boutique 
and not be assailed by loud 
American accents." 

All this may partly be due to 
the official State department 
advice to Americans who do 
decide to risk travelling to 
Europe this summer. They 
have been recommended to 
leave out stetson hats, violent- 
ly coloured plaid trousers and 
loud conversations in public 

“It is so stupid", com- 
plained one idle boutique 
assistant I talked to. “Last 
year 25 Americans died 
abroad as a result of terrorism. 
But 3.000_died at home chok- 
ing on their food." 

in Paris, as always, the 
greatest danger remains that 
of choking on the bill. 

i & 

A tenth of all council booses 
sold to sitting tenants s ince the 
Government's right-to-buy 
legislation began in 1981 have 
been bought m Northern Ire- 
land. Today the tide deeds of 
the 30,000th such bouse in 
Ulster will be ceremonially 
handed over at Comber, Comi- 
ty Down. 

Even allowing for its scale 
as the United Kingdom's larg- 
est boosing authority, with 
182,000 tenants, the Northern 
Ireland \ Housing Executive 
has outstripped all its main- 
land counterparts ia its for- 
th erance of Mrs Thatcher’s 
philosophies on wider home 

In combination with boom- 
__ private bouse building in 
ster — each of .the last four 
years has seen a record num- 
ber *of private homes built, 
with this year's figure likely to 
top 7.200 — die executive’s 
achievements have brought 
about a transformation in die 
provincial boasrag scene. 

Over the same period, the 
proportion of home owners 
among Northern Ireland’s 
householders has risen from 
48 per cent to 60 per cent, a 
rate of growth double that 
experienced in mainland Brit- 
ain.From being well below tbe 
British level hi 1981, private 
home ownership in Ulster is 
now only a single percentage 
point behind the mainland 

Tbe support of tbe major 
building societies has been 
critical to the success of die 
executive's sates drive. The 
impetus has been not only a 
desire to increase commitment 
and confidence in an economi- 
cally battered province, but die 
Treasury's agreement that 
right-to-buy revenues could be 
recycled to increase the 
executive's house - tedding 

From being net investors in 


Today, a landmark 

In council house 

sales heralds an 

Ulster success that 

beats the mainland 

boHding societies in the 1970s 
and the 1980s — in effect, 
exporting- their capital to 
mainland Britain — Northern 
Ireland residents are now net 
borrowers. Mortgage ad- 
vances m Ulster last year 
totalled .£429 mil Hon against 
only £132 million in 1989. 

Building Societies Associa- 
tion chief executive Mr Rich- 
ard Weir, who wHI band over 
the 30,000th title deed today, 
said it was an extremely 
efficient marketing campaign 
by the NIHE, supported by 
Jim Prior, then Northern Ire- 
land Secretary of State, which 
persuaded the very cautious 
societies to invest so heavily in 

Right-to-buy sales are 
spread over the province and 
include many in troubled areas 
— about 1,000 in South Ar- 
magh alone. Belfast's Upper 
Falls, - Ballymurphy, 

Andersonstown. Shan kill and 
many other areas readily iden- 
tified with violence, have all 

Bob RodweH 

©Ttoe* Newspaper* Lid, 1386 

V - 

getting fined for speeding. Bui a 
backhand volley took Rosewall to 
Sail add there was a tumultuous 
roar from the huge assembly as the 
seeming corpse, ripe for inter- 
ment. sal up. blinked and looked 
around him. 

In the final. Rosewall lasted 
only 93 minutes against Jimmy 
Connors, the youngest men’s 
champion since Lew Hoad beat 
Rosewall in 19S6. A more recent 
case for youth was argued by a 
player celebrated for his imitation 
of a man cycling down a cobbled 
street without a bicycle. 

In 1985 Boris Becker, aged 17 
years and seven months, became 
Wimbledon champion at only the 
second attempt when he beat 
Kevin Curren 6-3, 6-7,. 7-6. 6-4 in 
three hours aiid >8 minutes, on 
one of the loveliest afternoons of 
what passes for an English sum- 
mer. Becker was the first German, 
the first unseeded player, and the 
youngest competitor to win the 
men's singles championship. 

With all those extraordinary 
feels jumping around in the mind, 
one vaguely wondered what ex- 
cesses the authors of schoolboy 
fiction would be driven to in the 
future. There had been nothing 
like this before and even Becker 
could not make it happen again. 
And just to think that a few years 
ago we were doubtful if any 
teenage tennis .player would ever 
match the feats of Bjorn Borg. - 

Adapted by jhc author front Game, 
Set and Deadline published today by 
Kingsvcood Press at £IZ9S. 


seen a rash of new front doors 
.which invariably marks the 
transition .of a house into 
private ownership..' 

The average price, after 
discounts related to the length 
of tenancy;, of : right-to-buy 
homes in Northern Ireland 
over the past five years has - 
been £7,500 and the real r 
bargains have been among 
older properties bnfit m tbe 
1960s or before. The executive 
cannot sell honses below their 
construction cost, meaning 
that newer properties in such 
places as Poleglass. the large- 
ly Roman Catholic estate be- 
tween Sooth Belfast and 
Lisburn, out cost well over 
£20,000 even after discount. 

“The building societies have 
been lending to people who are 
very poor and with very poor 
economic prospects", says 
NIHE director Victor Blease. 
contrasting Ulster's vibrant 
boosing economy with the 
continuing story of Industrial 
decline' and lack of inward 
industrial investment. 

Small local businesses with 
committed proprietors are, 
like individuals, experiencing / 
substantial growth while the 
Northern Ireland Industrial 
Development Board's search 
for major inward investments 
continues to yield virtually no 

Richard Weir believes that 
the building societies’ experi- 
ence in tbe province, tbe UK’s 
poorest 'region, bolds many 
lessons that may be applicable 
in mainland Britain- 

On the wider point of indus- 
trial and commercial invest- 
ment, he says; “Tbe example 
of the build ing societies, wbo 
are generally seen to be very 
conservative, must be an ex- *g 

ample to industrialists at ” 


W e expea advertisements not only to follow the tetter of the rules but 
also the spirit. Appearing strictly legal, decent, honest -and truthful 

whilst not in feet is still not allowable. 

If you’d like to know, more about the work oF the ASA and its rules 
please write in for our explanatory brochure. . * 

Pearson Phillips 

Q Tows Nfwcpapm Ltd. 1$S6 ■ 

The Advertising Standards Auth ority. / 

We’re here to put it rightV 

ASA Lid. Dept. p. Brook House.Torrington Place. London WC1E7HN. 





From /i.K Fay/f. A/owr/oi< House, 
Barbican. London. 

-' THE TiMfcS> MONDAY JUN£ 1 6 i9co 


It began to happen that we had an unexpected guest 
breakfast at the weekend. Nothing was mentioned . 



: Jh^comribuior to First Ffcrson ("Sleep- 
s uig partners in your-house?" Wednesday 

• June 1 1) raised the delicate question of 

• how to deal with teenagers sleeping with 
a steady ’ in' the family home. 

We also have sons and it began to 
. happen that we had an unexpected gnpyt 
V u>v breakfast at the weekends. Nothing 
wasever mentioned and no surprise or 
embarrassment felt by them or us — 
perhaps a little envy by me remembering 
lovely walks borne in the dead of nightT 

Decorum, was preserved and later, 
taking two cups of tea in (feirly late in the 
.. morning), although four feet were some-' 

- ■ times visible below the duvet, the female 
. face was safely tucked- away. 

My concern was to receive a visit from 

an irate father demanding how I could 
allow it to happen to his daughter under 
: my very roof; but luckily I was spared. 

/ From MG. Myer, West End. 

. Haddenham. Cambridgeshire. 

- - ItisnotonJy parents who have bad to ad- 
just to the change in moral attitudes 

- regarding ' sleeping accommodation 
. among young people. 

Some years ago. remembering how 
difficult it could be to put up visitors to 
Cambridge at this time of year, £ asked a 
young woman with a room in. college 
where her visiting May Ball partner 
would be staying. 

“With me, of course”, she replied, in a 
whai-a-silly -question tone. "Doesn’t the 
college mind?” I asked ingenuously. 
**Oh” she informed me, “We ha veto tell 
the porters, in case of fire.” 

From Peter. Dawe. Gosford Lane. 
Talcford, Ottery St Mary. Devon . 

It is not only a criminal offence to have 
sexual intercourse with an tmder-aged 
girl, it is also a criminal offence to allow 
it to happen in your house; 

Parents who provide the kind of 
accommodation which might encourage 
this to happen could not escape the legal 
consequences by pleading that they 
“trusted the young people” concerned. 
I'm surprised your columnist did hot 
mention this. I think somebody ought to. 

From Bridget Mortimer. The Street. 
Eversley, Hams. 

J believe the writer must be suffering 
quite a guilty conscience about allowing 
her son —only 17 — to creep home in the 
dead of night to share his bed with his 


Many readers responded to the delicate question of 

teenage sex at home raised in last week’s article 

girlfriend and then to greet her in the married. Responsibility begins at home, 
morning without so much as a question leading to the wider issues outside the 
or explanation from either side. home, as our offspring relate to others 

I believe she is guilty of not being out there, 
prepared to discuss with her son the _ _ _ 

values of respecting his parents' feelings, ^ ' fT D' ^on Road. 

not forgetting that this is a moral issue; v utlaford , Surrey’. 
she even admits to having not discussed Many parents will be facing the same 
sex or contraception with either of her situations and anxieties. However, it is 

sons. probable that the boundaries of accepl- 

What sort of parent is she? She is able behaviour have been laid down long 
obviously ducking out of all her respon- before the events referred to begin to take 
si bili lies (in order to avoid a confronts- place. 

tion) and is allowing her sons to join the 
thousands of young people these days 
who have little respect for their parents. 

Young adults will always stretch 
boundaries and in a household which has 
been brought up with a caring atmo- 

liitle respect for responsibility, little sphere, the consequences of behaviour 

respect for Christian 
Christian family life. 

marriage and can be openly discussed. Certainly sexual 
freedom within a stable relationship can 

I have a teenage son and daughter and be preferable to sexual tension and 

they know I and my husband would not 
allow them to share their beds with 
anyone in our home until they are both 

suppression, but may not be suitable in a 
domestic environment . 

There are two disturbing elements in 

your correspondent's article; the first is 
that she “simply would not have known 
how to object”, and the second and more, 
worrying point is that she seems to think 
that one should not "presume” to talk to 
sons about contraception and moral 

How much more impressive her 
article would have been had she finished 
it by saying that she had regularly 
discussed the responsibility of the man 
in caring about the outcome of his sexual 
freedom. The responsibility is even 
greater if he forms a relationship with a 
girl whose parents do not share such a 
liberal view or have not encouraged open 
discussion on these important issues. 
From LadySmcd/ey, Oak End Way. 
U’oodham. Surrey. 

Provided with a fait accompli such as 
your correspondent has described, I 
should have welcomed the girlfriend in 
the morning in a friendly way. but in her 
presence I would have said firmly to my 
son: “Next time you bring friends home. 

I suggest that you make up beds for them 
in rooms other than your own.” 

What my children do outside my 
home is beyond my control, but 1 think 
that moral guidance throughout a child's 
life is very important and the only 

chance a parent has to imprint guidelines 
of acceptable moral conduct in later life. 

* Sometimes a remembered piece of 
advice will provide a welcome fence 
behind which a bewildered teenager can 
retreat from the advances of a threaten- 
ing peer group. 

From June Neale. Mapper/ey Halt 
Drive. Nottingham. ■ 

My own experience was similar. al- 
though. before my daughter moved away 
to Manchester Poly, she had at least 
observed the proprieties in the flat in 
which we were living. There had also 
been, surprise expressed at a friend's 
mother who actually served breakfast in 
bed to "Bill and Jenny”. 

When she arrived home with Marie in 
her first undergraduate year, they just 
moved into her- bedroom and presum- 
ably hs single bed. I didn't of course take 
breakfast in bed to them although they 
stayed there until I lam, but I padded 
about feeling decidely sheepish. Nothing 
was ever said but later, much later, when 
Mark had become a painful memory, she 
did observe. “I don't know how I could 
inflict anything so embarrassing on you 
and Dad in that small flat.” 

Since that time she has managed her 
personal life much more discreetly. 

. "S' 

".7 •• 

-yt. =i't- 


**■ -*«• 


A -■* : i 

«4- 4- 

M ost of us who 
have flown in an 
aeroplane^ have 
experienced , the 
odd moment or two of disqui- 
et But for some people the 
prospect of flying is so terrify- 
ing that they cannot set foot in 
a-plane^ let- alone pop on' a 
shuttle, to Glasgow or wing 
their way down to the Med for 
a holiday. Yet, uncording to 
. Maurice Yafie, senior, clinical 
psychologist at Guy's Hospi- 
tal. it is. possible to control a 
_ fear of flying sotfeat air travel 
. becomes not metdyipossibfe 
but in some cases, positively 

Mr Yafie first became inter- 
ested in the subject 10 years 
ago, what a patient was 
referred to him who suffered 
. from claustrophobia. Since 
then he has treated many 
. sufferers and also runs “air 
- anxiety” seminars for private 

“For women, the fear is 
often linked with the arrival of 
-children. Their views about 
what is. and. is not, a risk 
' change. Sometimes people fly 
when they are under outside 
stresses and pressures and this 
:can trigger it off. One of the 
- most common reasons is the 
- uncertainly of what goes on 
when you fly.” 

When .people sign on.for the 
course, they are sent a book 
about flying and two cassette 
tapes about relaxation and 
flight stress control and they 
are expected to do some 
homework using these 
Getting by lifr to the dinic, 
which is held at the top of a 
tower block at Guy's, is for 
many the first major chal- 
lenge. The morning is spent on 
group discussion and a lecture 
about the principles of flight 
then Mr Yafie shows different 
ways of coping with anxiety. 

- fn the afternoon, small 
groups take it in turn logo on 
the flight simulator — two 
sows of aircraft, seats on a 
platform . A television screen 
shows a video of a Tri-Star 
flight w> Paris.. The effect is 
quite realistic, complete with 
turbulence, engine noise and 
hostess announcements. Mr 
Yafie says; “It does help, 
although lots of people avoid 
looking out of the window and 
some get tearful No one has 
ever refused to go on iL 

bers range from six to 1 8) meet 
Mr Yafie and one of his two 
co-therapists at Hatton Cross 
tube station. The morning is 
spent at Heathrow, boarding a 
- grounded Concorde and then, 
if there is one available, a Tri- 
Star. Mr Yafie says: "Con- 
corde is particularly good for 
claustrophobia bacause it is 
such- a narrow plane. After- 
_ wards a . Tri-Star, seems posi- 
tively enormous.” 

After lunch at the terminal 
(where the. group* can watch 
takeoffs and landings), they 
gd 16 the air traffic 'control 
tower where they can see 
planes- approaching on the 
radar. Mr Yafie says: “It’s 
important for the group to see 
how everything works and 
how in control all the staff 
look. Seeing planes trundling 
in and out with monotonous 
regularity, -with as much- dra- 
ma as buses going into a bus 
garage, is very reassuring." 

T hen everyone checks 
in for a 4tonmute 
flight to Paris. They 
are allocated seats to- 
gether on the lefrside'of the 
plane, so that conditions echo 
those produced by' the, -flight 
simulator. Mr Yaffo and his. 
therapist'- talk .the ' group 
through, take-off .explaining 
eyerythingas it happens. Once 
airborne, the group islaken up 
10 the flight deck 
*Tve only had one chap 
who refused to take the flight 
after we’d checked in", says 
Mr Yafie. “and there were a 
number of reasons for this. 
One was that he hadn't left his 
wife in 20 years and when he 
rang her shortly before take- 
off she sounded upset 
“Another man did say he 
was going to get off — he was a 
big chap and when he'd said 
that on planes in the past, 
people bad let him off I didn't 
strap him down in his seat, but 
I did put an arm over his 
shoulders and tried to get him 
to see that he'd feel worse if be 
got off than if he stayed.. He 
just wanied to be fed through 
it and he was all right” 

The group returns home on 
a mid-afternoon flight on 
Sunday and the seminar con- 
cludes with a de-briefing ses- 
sion in Terminal Four.Mr 
Yafie usually adds a note of 

Fearless: Carolme Zvegtotzov, thrilled by flying; and Brian Gee, who conquered claustrophobia 


on ice 

Back strain, a touch of stiffoessTsT'"- 
pulled muscle orthe effect of lumbago. . 
or sciatica can aH be unpleasantly 

Pai ?RSpray i$ the really quick and. 
effective way to relieve that pain. . 
Unlike most other pain relief sprays, . 

PR Spray is cold. It is the spray used by 

professional trainers attending injuries. 

PR Spray which is odourless; rapidly 

lowers the temperature of the skin over 
the painful area, and so freezes pam 
oat - quickly and effectively 


■ ^tr 

^ rv 
* t *** 

caution at this point. “Two 
brief flights don't necessarily 
neutralize everything immedi- 
ately. You have to practise. So 
1 always suggest that people 
take an independent flight six 
weeks to two months later." 

Betty Hobbs, the wife of 
retired racehorse trainer Bruce 
Hobbs, had not been on a 
plane for 30 years until she 
. flew to Paris with one of 
Maurice Yaffe’s seminar 
groups. Since then she has 
flown to St Lucia and Miami 
and admits that she quite 
enjoyed her last flight 

"I was totally terrified of 
flying. I had flown a little as I 
thought I ought to try and 
conquer it, but that was a long 
time ago. I suppose ft was 
really a feeling of insecurity up 
-there, the thought of planes 
crashing, of wings felling off 
Then someone told me about 
the course and two close 
friends treated me to ft as a 
birthday present. 

“We spent the morning at 
Heathrow watching other peo- 
ple gening ready to fly and we 
sat on Concorde. I was feeling 
all right at this point Then we 
went outside and watched. 
.That's when 1 had a bad half 
hour my tummy cramped up 
and I thought T can't get on 
one of those things.' But my 
husband was coming on the 
flight wftlj the friends whose 
birthday present it was so I felt 
duty.bound to go through with 
it arid I just pulled myself 

■ "Id feci on the plane, the 
girl sitting next to me was so 
frightened that I had. to ‘hold 
her' hand and I didn't really 
have time to think about 
! myself. And the breathing 
exercise we were taught 
, forked, marvellously. One girl 
1 was crying , on the flight so 
Maurice suggested we all did 
the - exercises and within 10 
minutes she had controlled 
herself and .fell much better.” 

English teacher Caroline 
Zvegrmzov is another of Mau- 
rice Yaffo's success stories. 

I Now she says that she cannot 
really recreate the panic she 
used to have, “which is odd 
when’ you've carried those 

‘Coping with 
a fear must 
be one of 
the best 
feelings in 
the world’ 

feelings around for so long”. 

It was claustrophobia which 
prevented Caroline from fly- 
ing. She says: “It just came on. 
Two days before I was due to 
fly to Cork I'd been at a 
concert in the Festival Hall 
and felt as if Td wanted to get 
out although I'd stayed. But 
then, when I was on the plane 
I got in a real state. I thought: 
‘The doors are going to close 
and I’ll be shut in.' And I 
couldn't go through with iL It 
was total blind panic.” That 
was in 1968. 

A lthough things grad- 
ually gov better. Car- 
oline was still unable 
to travel by tube, felt 
uneasy in the back of a two- 
door car. and did not attempt 
to fly again. She took the 
course because she fell her 
problem was a nuisance to 

“On the second day when 
we had to meet at Hatton 
Cross tube station I said: ‘But 
how will I get there?* Maurice 
just said he was sure I could do 
it I could ge.t the bus to 
Heathrow and then it was just 
one stop. So I did it and felt 
like a million dollars. Faring a 
fear and. coping with . it must 
be one of the 1 best feelings in 
the world. 

"We flew in one of those 
double-decker planes, and 
Maurice had us. going up and 
down in the lift. You look at it 
.and it's like a nasty vertical 
coffin. But you go down in it 
and at the bottom there's a 
steward, with a bottle of cham- 
pagne. saying ‘1 hear you've all 
been very brave'. 

“1 had previously spent a 
year- in America (we went by 

Here fe"'ffie~(possibly) bad 
news for single women: if yon 
aren't married by the time yon 
are 30, yon stand only a 20 per 
cent <*«nre of ever being so. 
Here is the (possibly) good 
news for single women: onr old 
friend "research” shows that 
the highest rates of depression 
are among unhappily married 

Now here is a mess if ever 
there was one. On the one 
hand, a lot of women panick- 
ing because nobody has come 
along and to make them theirs 
and, on the other hand, a lot of 
women made miserable be- 
cause somebody has. 

I do not intend to be a 
PolJyanna about this. I've been 
single and I’ve been married 
and both states, from time to 
time, have been hell on wheels. 
But I feel that a little mocking 
about with the status quo 
would sort matters out and 
improve the spirits of wives 
and spinsters alike. 

What I should tike to pro- 
pose is a way of life that 
guarantees fair shares for alL 
It seems nqjnst that single 
women can stay in bed all 
through lunchtime on Sunday, 
together with the papers, a 
stiff whisky and a Mars bar, 
when married ones have to 
scrape carrots and set out 

Under my system, every 
spinster wonld be required to 
do the occasional shift at 
feeding the troops, even if the 
troops were not those she had 
married or given birth to. 
Meanwhile, their lawful wed- 
ded wife and mother would be 
allowed to listen to Desmond 
Carrington's Alt Time Gnats 
on the radio without 

By 3 o'clock, one woman 
wonld be thoroughly sick of 
listening to schoolboy jokes — 
most probably forced on her 
not by the schoolboys sitting at 
her table but by their father — 
while the other woman would 



be missing the habitual sounds 
of chomping, chattering and 
clanging enttery. 

If one took this arrangement 
a stage farther, one would 
arrive at a fully-fledged state 
of polygamy and, when I am at 
my gloomiest I feel that it 
wouldn't be such a bad thing 
either. Think of all the guilt 
which wonld melt into the air if 
a wife could say that she didn't 
feel tike taking her mother-in- 
law to Harrods, trying out that 
new- Mexican restaurant or 
seeing FideUo and why didn't 
her husband ask Susan. 

Instead of women trying to 
Have It All and often ending 

Peg Bracken, the author and 
heroine of our times, says that 
she can V believe that 25 years 
have gone by since the publica- 
tion of her I Hate to Cook 
Book. / can 't believe it either. 

It has now been reissued as 
pan of a collected volume and 
I like it just as much now that 
I'm grown up. (It is such a 
comfort to know that some- 
body else takes a dim riew of 
people with diplomas in Ad- 
vanced Cream Sauce.) The 
mystery remains though, why. 

np having a dependency ■ on 
their job, their children or the 
bottle of Valin m, they conk) ail 
have Some Of It. In one fell 
swoop, it wonld pot an end to 
adultery — the tackiest and 
most inconvenient of sins, 
since it involves marital (tin- 
ners drying np in the oven 
while fraught men are trying to 
make it np to the Other 
Woman for not being around 
on her- birthday. 

There would he no more 
agonizing about whether- to opt 
for family or career. In a mititi- 
wifed household, one wife 
could work her way up to 
board level in a merchant- 
bank, while another wife did 
the playgroup rota. In a few 
year's time, when they both 
started getting jealous of each 
other, they could swap lives. 
No question of the grass 
remaining greener on the other 
side of the fence when you are 
able to leap across and land on 

I imagine that such a com- 
mendable situation would he 
considered too shocking to-be 
put into practice._So that 
wonld seem to leave 7ns' with 
women's lives as we. know 
them, to be: spinsters dreading 
decades of Saturday nights 
'With nobody but the cat to talk 
-to. And wives dreading the 
same decades spent with a 
man that they would like to see 
a great deal less of. 

in spite of the fact that the fiat 
edition sold 85,000 in two 
years, the Bracken philosophy 
has not alreadv become a way 
of life? ' 

Why. / wonder, is it accept- 
able to buy ready-made 
clothes, employ window-clean- 
ers and garage-mechanics and . 
yet considered disgustinglv 
slothful to serve commercially 
frozen vegetables? 

The Compleat I Hate to Cook 
Book is published by Arlington 
Books, price £9.95. 

boat) with my family and I 
wanted to go back. So it was 
arranged that I should fly to 
Chicago with my daughters 
who, on the day. were eyeing 
me a bit. But I was thrilled by 
the flighL In fact I got a bit 
bored in the middle and that's 
one way of knowing you’ve 
really cracked it. Since then 
I've lost count of the number 
of times I’ve flown and the 
bonus is that 1 can travel by 
tube again. That as much as 
anything, has changed my 

B usinessman Brian 
Gee jokes that he 
went on the Air Anxi- 
ety seminar because 
his children claimed they were 
deprived because of never 
■ having been to Disneyland. In 
fact, conquering his fear of 
flying has allowed him to 
expand his business interests 
and take the family on 

Mr Gee used to fly: he was 
on a plane due to take off for 
Glasgow when he became 
overcome with claustrophobia 
and had to get off He says: "I 
had suffered a bit before and I 
never went in lifts. Even when 
I signed up for the course, I 
think I- was still trying to put 
off flying 

“1 started to listen to one of 
the tapes I was sent before the 
course, but there were aero- 
plane noises. So I switched it 
off. 1 thought ‘If I listen to any 
more of this I won’t go.' 

*T even went into my office 
on the first morning before 
going to Guy's and was late 
arriving as a result When I got 
there, everyone else had gone 
and I discovered the clinic was 
on the 27th floor. I thought 
‘That’s it. It's all over.' But 
one of the therapists came 
with me and up we went first 
one floor at a time, then five 
floors, then 10. 1 think to some 
extent fd got it cracked by the 
time we got up there. 

“I only wish I'd done some- 
thing like this before. When 
my wife came with us on the 
trip to Paris it was the first 
time we’d ever flown 

gyrime* Wawaptiw Ud, IMS 

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Saying no 
to sanctions 

Britisb businesses operating in 
South Africa are about to fire a 

South Africa are about to fire a 
broadside against sanctions. More 
ihan 50 companies, including 
Shell. RTZ. Barclays. 1CI. BP. 
BOC and Unilever, have contrib- 
uted £2,500 apiece to form a 
pressure group. Bicsa — the Brit- 
ish Industiy Committee for South 
Africa. This week its first publica- 
tion. a pamphlet setting out 
objections to sanctions, will land 
on the desk of every MP in the 
Commons, probably just in time 
for Tuesday’s debate on South 
Africa. The committe’s next task 
will be to circulate explanations of 
the value of South African associ- 
ation to Britain, and descriptions 
of how British companies are 
improving the lot of black South 
Africans. Sir Leslie Smith, the 
Bicsa chairman and former head 
of British Oxygen, stresses that all 
the companies are anti-apartheid 
but believe sanctions will do 
nothing to help. “I know we’ll be 
accused of self-interest We have 
no reason to hide that" he told me 
yesterday. In his view the case 
against sanctions has not yet been 
properly advanced. 

Brent pent 

Reg Freeson, Labour MP for Brent 
East will go down fighting rather 
than take the easy option. After 
rosing to Ken Livingstone in last 
vear's reselection tattle, he has 
been invited to stand by three 
sympathetic constituency Labour 
parties in London and the West 
Country. But he is not interested. 
"I entered Parliament from Brent 
20 years ago and have lived in the 
area since I was 15." he 
says.“ There's a job to be done in 
the party locally and I intend to 
stay." The job, of course, is to 
create havoc for Livingstone and 
his supporters, whom he wants 
investigated for “misconduct". 
Freeson denies, however, that he 
plans to fight the next election ora 
by-election as an independent “I 
will either stand as a Labour 
candidate or not at alL" 

4 Misplaced priorities? The no- 
tices outside Camberwell police 
station in south London appealing 
for information about assorted 
rapes and murders are obscured by 
ads for a five-a-side youth soccer 

joint effort 

I have had fun at Ian Botham's 
expense in this column, so I am 
glad to report support for the 
temporarily pavilioned all- 

rounder from an unlikely quar- 
ter — Westminster City Council. 
Well, most of its Labour coun- 
cillors. They have written to the 
Test and County Cricket Board 
saying there is no proof that 
Cannabis is more harmful to the 
human system than alcohol or 

Word play 

It is not every newspaper column 
(vhich gets itself dramatized. No, I 
am not claiming the distinction 
for. my own work, but for that of 
the already much-mediatized 
Professor Laurie Taylor of York 
University. His weekly strip of 
satire on the everyday life of 
college folk is required reading in 
ail senior common rooms in 
which the Times Higher Educa- 
tion Supplement circulates. For 
the next four evenings one of his 
columns, an extended marital 
metaphor on the amalgamation 
last year of two London Univer- 
sity colleges. Bedford and Royal 
Holloway, forms part of a play to 
celebrate the centenary of the 
latter. Devised by director Chrys 
Salt and college archivist Liz 
Bennett, it is being enacted at the 
College itself, that wonderfully 
eccentric chateau-like thing that 
you glimpse above the tree tops on 
the Southern Region line between 
Egham and Virginia Water. I 
gather that Taylor, once an actor 
of sorts, will be making the 
journey on Thursday to see his 
words made flesh. A clear case of 

Home rules 

Not to be outdone by Mrs 
Thatcher’s tea party for American 
tourists last week, the Kinnocks 
have jumped on the holiday 
bandwagon. This week Glenys 
Kinnock goes on local radio 
throughout the country to extol 
the virtues of Wales. It is part of a 
UK Holiday Bureau campaign to 
persuade Brils to opt for holidays 
at home. Although Neil is always 
jetting off around the world to 
places like India. Russia and the 
US. guess where he'd rather be? 
On a beach in Anglesey, playing 
football with his kids. 

• An interesting translation of 
champagne on the wine list at the 
Hotel . Norotd in Plovdiv, Bul- 
garia: “sprinkling white wine.” 
For the use of racing drivers, 

That’s enough 

Noi so much a PHS entry as a 
PPS — a final postscript to 
my/your search for titles of no- 
tional biographies of the famous. 
For Whom the Bulls Tell (Ernest 
Hemingway): For Whom the Bolls 
Tolls (Denis Thatcher); The Leon, 
the Witch and the Wardrobe 
(Brittan. Mrs Thatcher and Hes- 
eltine): The Effnic Minority (Bob 
Geldofl or. on the retirement of 
that new knight from fund-raising 
activities. Farewell to Alms. 


Today sees the arrival at commit- 
tee stage of the innocuously 
entitled European Communities 
(Amendment) Bill. But the bill is 
by no means innocuous. It is by fer 
the most important piece of 
legislation concerning relations 
between Britain and Europe to 
come before Parliament since the 
European Communities Act of 
1971 If it reaches the statute book 
in its present form, as is likely, it is 
vital to ensure that the legislation 
that Hows from it is in the interests 
of this country. 

The bill provides for the passing 
into law of the Single European 
Act- This incorporates a number 
of amendments to the Treaty of 
Rome and w3S approved by the 
EEC Council of Ministers earlier 
this year. It now has to be passed 
by the legislatures of all EEC 
member slates. 

The Act will have a direct 
impact on British commercial and 
industrial practice. It will effec- 
tively mean that there will be 
hardly a corner of British busi- 
ness — buying and selling, manu- 
facturing. agriculture, the 
environment, insurance, the right 
to set up in business — which is 
not woven into the fabric of the 
Treaty of Rome. For. once the Act 
is passed, we are bound to accept 
all legislation adopted by the 
Council of Ministers. 

One of the most important 
amendments contained in the Act 
is the extension of majority voting 
to all decisions taken by the 
Council. This will have the effect 
of making proposals for Commu- 
nity legislation more frequent. It is 
also likely to make it more 
difficult for ministers to slow 

William Cash on Westminster’s vital role 

after changes to the Treaty of Rome 

Warding off 
the EEC 


down the progress of proposals. 

One way to counteract this is to . 
have earlier and more effective 
scrutiny of EEC proposals at 
Westminster. The European Par- 
liament could play a role here, but 
h has no executive responsible to 
the British electorate. It is there- 
fore vital that the Commons and 
Lords give their views before 
proposals reach the critical stage. 
And that requires more informa- 
tion to be provided much earlier. 

The government has offered 
some improvements but, given 
the likely impart of the bill on our 
economy and industrial interests, 
more are needed. The 12th report 
of the House of Lords Select 
Committee on the European 
Communities, dated May 6. 1986, 
said that “in the long term the 
positionof the UK parliament will 
become weaker" by virtue of the 
weakening of the power of British 
ministers when outvoted in the 
Council. The committee con- 
cluded that the powers of the 

European Commission in drafting 
European legislation were likely to 
increase correspondingly and 
recommended that the text of 
amendments proposed by the 
European Parliament should be 
available to Westminster much 
sooner than at present. 

Another way to counteract the 
possible diminution in UK sov- 
ereignty would be for ministers 
and Parliament to take a much 
more active role in negotiating 
and drafting proposed European 
legislation. Much of this work is 

now done by civil servants, partly 
because a Community proposal, 
once on its way, gains a mo- 
mentum all its own which deters 
effective inquiry and control The 

Second Special Report of the 
House of Commons European 
Legislation Committee of June 4 
makes detailed proposals for 
changing the terms of reference of 
this committee to ensure that 
more direct control can be ex- 
ercised over those who advise 

ministers. At 'present,- there is a 
Serious gap between those respon- 
sible for drafting the legislation 
and those who have to vote on it. 

Already, reports from the scru- 
tiny committees in both Houses of 
Parliament provide information 
to their respective bouses and to 
the wider public. But MPs and 
peers need the expert advice of 
industrialists, and commercial in- 
terests on a for more organized 
basis than exists at present. It 
would also be desirable for Euro- 
pean law to become a compulsory 
subject for solicitors and bar- 
risters. Moreover, those appointed 
to monitor European legislation 
should also have greater knowl- 
edge of procedure and law. . . . 

At present, the. level of secrecy 
observed by-our own civil servants 
during negotiations is absurd. , 
Frequently the die is cast long i 
before the impending dangers can I 
be reversed. When other EEC ! 
' member states steal a march on us ! 
in negotiations, the economic 
damage can be considerable, and 
virtually irreversible. • 

What is- needed -is a dear and | 
formal procedure which ensures, 
that information is available, not 
only to civil servants and mem- 
bers of the European Parliament, 
but also to industrial and commer- 
cial interests and parliamentarians 
in Britain. This would ensure that 
the Teal decisions remained with 
Westminster and not with the 
semi-autonomous working groups 
of civil servants who have flown 
' over to Brussels for the day. 

The author is Conservative MP for 
Stafford and a member erf the 
Select Committee on European 

Michael Hornsby on the implications of the new security clampdown 

Botha is 


No one should have been sur- 
prised by President Botha's im- 
position of a state of emergency in 
South Africa. At one level Bertha 
is indulging in what could foiriy be 
described as a fit of pique brought 
on by an unexpected stiffening of 
spines in the previously com- 
plaisant Indian and (mixed-race) 
coloured chambers of South 
Africa's iri-cameral parliament, 
which had the effect of delaying 
the passage of two Draconian new 
pieces of security legislation. 

Pretoria contended that these 
measures were essential if law and 
order were to be maintained 
during today's emotion-charged 

anniversary of the 1976 Soweto 
uprising. The bills are still being 
pushed through parliament- 
through a device which enables 
the white chamber to override the 
opposition of the other two — and 
are expected to become law later 
this month. 

Once that happens, it is possible 
that the state of emergency may be 
lifted. This would not bring much 
relief, however, as the bills would 
make available to- the police 
virtually ail the powers that they 
enjoy during the emergency. 

The new powers go well beyond 
pre-existing legislation in a num- 
ber of important ways. Any person 
will be liable to summary arrest 
without a warrant by any police- 
man or soldier, no matter how low 
his rank, - and held indefinitely 
without trial. No court may 
inquire into the reasons for the 

The two most important addi- 
tional powers, however, are die 
indemnity against prosecution for 
any action taken “in good faith" 
by the police and army to quell 
unrest — which effectively re- 

years by his foreign editor — a 
figure so self-effacine that in the 

figure so self-effacing that in the 
course of 23 books he appears only 
once, in a fleeting reference at the 
end of a telephone conversation — 
Timm’s journalistic duties are an 
enviable combination of complete 
freedom of travel and a bottom- 
less expense account; 

To accompany this hero, Herge 
created a host of - picturesque 
fellow travellers: Snowy , the dog. 
the bowler-hatted Thomson twins 
(one spelt with, the other without 
a p. “as in Venezuela"), the 
infuriatingly deaf Professor Cal- 
culus, the combustible Captain 
Haddock and the celebrated opera 
singer Bianca Castafiorc_ 

In 1 983. when Herg£ died at the 
age of 75. leaving three tantalizing 

Troops keep watch on a funeral in Alexandra township. Now all 
restraints on the use of maximum force hare gone 

moves any lingering restraint on 
the use of maximum force - and 
the stria control of the news 
media. This includes the ban, 
unless the permission of the 
Commissioner of Police is ob- 
tained, on all television or photo- 
graphic coverage of unrest (def- 
ined as including riots, 
disturbances, disorders, public vi- 
olence, damage to property or 
persons, strikes and boycotts) as 
well as any counter-action taken’ 
by the array and police. . 

This restriction is the same as 
that enforced during the previous 
state of emergency, with the 
important difference that it now 
applies throughout the country 
and not just in certain areas. There 
is, in addition, a tanning of ail 
reporting of “subversive state- 
ments", including statements 
advocating economic sanctions 
against South Africa or those 
“having the effect of" inciting 
people to oppose the emergency or 
to support outlawed organiza- 
tions, such as the ANC 

The press controls are probably 
the single most important reason 
why Pretoria has rescaled to 
emergency powers. There is no 
doubt that Botha is deeply con- 
cerned about his inability to 
control the unrest and is sensitive 
to the taunts of extreme right-wing 
while groups that he no longer has 
the willpower to crush black 

The government also remains 

This was proved last August in 
his famous “Rubicon" speech to a 
National Party congress in Natal, 
when Botha brutally demolished 
expectations about reform that 
bad been raised by an over- 
enthusiastic briefing of western 
diplomats in Vienna by “Pik” 
Botha, his foreign minister and the 
cabinet’s chief dove. 

Later, P.W. Botha announced 
many of the reforms that had been 
promised in his August speech, 
including the abolition of the pass 
laws, but he had made his point: 
he would move in his own good 
time and not at .the dictate of 
foreign pressure. The mice he paid 
for making that point — a finan- 
cial crisis brought on by the calling 
in of short-term loans by foreign 
banks and a run on the rand — 

Journalists do not really figure 
among the fictional heroes of the 
young. There are Spitfire pilots, 
Melchester Rovers and those he- 
roic Gauls locked in ceaseless 
cartoon combat with the flower of 
Caesar’s legions . . . but report- 
ers? Decidedly not. Except, that is, 
for Tintin. the cartoon creation of 
the Belgian artist Herge (Georges 
Remi) who first appeared in the 
pages of Le Petit Vingtitme in 
1 929 and is now enjoying a revival 
in Britain. 

In the course of more than five 
decades of adventures, this ever- 
youthful hero has solved mys- 
teries and found scoops in all 
corners of the globe. Encountering 
the Abominable Snowman and 
levitating lamas in Tibet one 
moment aiding counter-revolu- 
tionaries in South America the 
next Tintin — immaculately clad 
in plus-fours and raincoat — re- 
mains the best-travelled foreign 
correspondent in the world. 

A master of impenetrable dis- 
guise. a brilliant linguist and a 
crack shot in the Sahara -with a 
.303 Lee Enfield. Tintin has none 
of the pressing demands which 
haunt tiie existence of today’s 
foreign correspondents. For 
Tintin there are no deadlines to 
meet, no editors to appease. 
Undisturbed for months if not 

—the new cult 

pages of a new adventure on the 
drawing board, few in Britain 
imagined that his characters 
would become cult figures. Until 
recently. Tintin admirers have 
been confined to a small circle. 
These included foreign correspon- 
dents who. during their weary 
travels, were delighted to see that 
the Balkans or the Congo corre- 
sponded dosely to the world 
Herge had depicted. Other devo- 
tees were graphic designers w ho 
admired the colours and 
draughtsmanship of the drawings. 

Over the past few months, the 

enthusiasm of the devotees — said 
to include such diverse figures as 
Sir Terence Conran and film 
producer Steven Spielberg — has 
been drenched by a tidal wave of 
Tintin memorabilia in London 
stores. In Whitehall, young dip- 
lomats who were first introduced 
to the world of Balkan intrigue by 
Tintin’s adventures in Sing 
Ottokar's Sceptre can be seen 
sporting Tintm wrist-watches. 
Architects send each other Profes- 
sor Calculus birthday cards, while 
in West Germany, at least two 
hardened newspaper correspon- 

stubbornly convinced that the 
unrest is the work of a snail 
minority of blacks, a “revolu- 
tionary clique", whose importance 
is blown up out of all proportion 
by the publicity they get, particu- 
larly in the foreign media. Over 
the past year or so, a fluctuating, 
battle has been waged between 
doves and hawks within the South. 
African cabinet This has now 
ended, at least for the tune being, 
with a decisive victory for the 
hawk/ military faction. Ostensibly, 
Botha has been a neutral umpire 
in this struggle, but his tempera- 
ment and instincts align him with 
the hawks. 

must be assumed to have been 
regarded by him as worth while. 

Botha showed his true odours 
again in February when be sided 
with F.W. de Klerk, the conser- 
vative leader of the National Party 
in the Transvaal, where the right- 
wing threat is strongest, in a 
cabinet row over Put Botha's 
statement that he foresaw a Wad: 
president as a logical outcome of 
the government's reform pro- 
gramme. The hapless Pik. was 
publicly rebuked by the president 
In parliament and only managed 
to save himself from dismissal by 
writing a h umiliating apology. 

Something very like the pre- 
Rubicon situation developed 
again this year in the fortnight or’ 
so before the last visit to South 
Africa of the Commonwealth 
Eminent Pinsons Group. Once 
a gain it was Pik Botha who 
inflated expectations about the 
EPGfc mission by sending a 
special envoy to London with a 
misleadingly encouraging South 
African response to the Common- 
wealth group's proposals. 

As the speculation, and expecta- 
tion, built up, the president started 
backing away. He was incensed, 
according to well-informed 
sources, by the impression being 
given, as he saw it, that the 
country was going up in flames, 
and that the EPG was coming to 
make arrangements for the trans- 
fer of power to the ANC 

His response was characteristic 
and. predictable. First came foe 
raids on Botswana, Zimbabwe and i 
Zambia, which were designed not 
only to prick foe inflated babble of 
the EPG initiative but also to 
demonstrate who was boss. It was, 
in Botha’s words at the time, a 
“first instalment". How long, after 
Saturday’s car bomb in Durban, 
will we have to wait for . the 
second? . 

Pretoria has now retreated into 
foe laager. The reforms will pro- 
ceed, but at Pretoria’s pace. Mas- 
sive force will be used to contain 
unrest Political dialogue, even 
with conservative blade leaders 
such as Gatsha Buthdezi, is out of 
foe question for some time to 
come. Sanctions, in one form or 
another, are now accepted as 
inevitable, and the merits of a 
siege economy are befog actively 
canvassed. It is a grim prospect, 
but one which Botha now seems 
fully prepared to embrace. 

dents treasure their Qrptain Hart- 
dock bath-towels. 

A London Tintin exhibition is 
planned for. 1987, while in Los 
Angeles Spielberg is busy planning 
what be hopes will be the fust 
internationally successful Tintin 
film. One of foe technical-advisers 
on the film will be Londoner Jane 
Taylor, whose shop in Floral 
Street has become a shrine, for 
Tintin admirers. She is convinced 
foal Tintin is a great leveller in 
society, capable of inspiring devo- 
tion from all soda! strata and all 
age groups. Certainly anyone who 
his lingered in her shop for more 
than; 10 minutes would be amazed 
by foe cross-section of customers. 
Fans since the early days come in 
asking for old editions- depicting 
the Thomsons' 1938 Citroen; a 
group of punk-rockers gaze in -awe 
at the futurist blueprints for the 
rocket in Destination Moon: a 
retired army, officer- researching 
into Balkan uniforms between the 
wars walks out with a copy of King 
Ottokar's Scept re under his arm. 

Long-standing Tintin devotees 
see these -developments as vin- 
dication of their years of isolated 
devotion to the perfect blend of 
the light-hearted and the serious. 
Where else could a child team- of 
the intrinsic absurdity of totalitar- 
ian rule in Eastern Europe or 
SouLh America than from Tintin? 
What other cartoon faithfully 
reproduces a Buddhist temple m 
Nepal with every detail', pains- 
takingly correct? 

It is perhaps this scrupulous 
attention to historical and geo- 
graphical detail which ensures: 
Timm's popularity among -an 
older generation. But whether , 
preserving China from Japanese ; 
invasion or foiling counterfeiters i 
on a remote Scottish isle, Herae'S ! 
hero deserves perhaps most of all ! 
the support of chose who woric-m 
the world of the written word. 

Despite the passage of more ‘ 
than 50 years, Tintin remains that 
rarest of heroes, a truly popular 

: Richard Bassett 

Anne Sofer 

The lady’s not 

From a week spent visiting educa- 
tional institutions all over the 
country, here are some traveller's 

In a depressed area of the 
Midlands, where the heavy metal 
foundries lie idle and most young- 
sters are out of work, an education 
administrator told me how hard it 
is peisuading young people to stay 
in education after 16, In the good 
old days every . 1 6-year-old could 
walk into a well-paid job; now 
they leave school because their 
families need foe money that the 
Yomh Training Scheme and. after 
that, foe dole brings in. In an 
attempt to keep at least some of 
the best in touch with, foe educa- 
tion. system he has devised a 
special scheme that would com- 
bine part-time technology-related 
A levels with a/ YJS placement. 
He is in despair because the local 
Manpower Services Commission 
won’t play. A levels aren't train- 
ing, they say.. : 

In a prosperous part of foe 
Home Counties commuter belt, 
the father of a gui at a further 
education college is incensed over 
a wheeze of some of his daughter’s 
friends. They quarrel with their 
parents (either in reality or as a 
device), get a letter saying they 
have been- thrown out of foe 
bouse, daim board and lodging 
allowance from foe DHSS and 
then move tack home — continu- 
ing to draw foe £60 or £70 a week. 
Some of foe parents are well-off 
Should he report it he wonders? 

When I repeat this story to a 
.medical academic in foe.North 
East he caps it. with- another. 
Young unemployed girls there 
have devised an even more in- 
genious scheme for drawing all foe 
extra benefits which go with the 
early months of pregnancy. One 
girl gets pregnant then distributes 
urine samples to her friends, who 
gels medical certificates, fill out 
the forms . i . • 

Back in the Midlands, a head 
teacher is finding peat difficulty 
m keeping his cleaning staff They 
leave when their husbands be- 
come unemployed. Because of the 
way the ‘ regulations work, they 
find they are better off on foe dole. 

In two polytechnics in large 
formerly industrial dues I was 
told of the increase in applications 
from mature students. Almost all 
are local residents, workers made 
redundant or women who missed 
foe change of higher education 
after they left school But each 
year fewer can be accepted because 
because of the squeeze on places. 

All these vignettes, forming a 
pattern like some sort of mental 
kaleidoscope, compose a very 
depressing picture of the stale of • 
British sodety. We have created 
structures that do- not encourage 
people to learn "or to ;«w)rk." 
Obstacles are placed m foe-way of 
initiative and foe desire for self- • 
improvement and when neither, 
is particuarly strong to start with, 
the obstacles probably remain 
forever un surmounted. 

music that rings true. Certainly it. 
is true that when we use words uke - 

moreover . . . Miles KIngton 


In a.small room somewhere at foe 
top of Harreds store in 
Knightsbridge (all imitators ruth- 
lessly pursued), a small bunch of 
ruthless men were holding a small, 
ruthless meeting. This was . foe 
Harrods hit squad. Their leader 
was a hard-eyed man wearing a 
pin-stripe suit, balaclava helmet . 
and dark glasses. Also a stocking 
over his head and a sinister- 
looking mask. . 

- “Ymmmmmmmmm", be said. 
“Wegrrrmmmmmm yyrammmm 

“You can lake the disguise off 
chief", said one of foe number. 
“We're safe here." ■ 

Cautiously foe leader of foe 
Harrods hit squad (not to be 
confused with any other hit squad 
of a similar name) removed foe 
underwear from his features and 
stared at them solemnly. 

“As you know”, he said, “it is 
our job to hunt down anyone in 
the world who is using foe name 
Harrods" — here they all crossed 
themselves — “and • crush them 
without mercy. There is only one 

“And hts name is Harrods", foe 
rest murmured reverently.. 

• “Quite. Now, we have recently 
found a restaurant in New Zea- 
land trading under the name of 
HamxTs ■ Restaurant — or, to be 
more accurate, Reich here found a 
New 1 Zealand restaurant trading 
under the name of Harrbd’s. This 
they thought they could do be- 
cause foe name of foe man who 
founded the . restaurant was 

A low ripple of callous laughter 
went round the group, as they all 
looked admiringly at the man 
called Fletch. He bad a stubbly 
chin, eyes like ice, hands, that 
would crush a skull and a glass of 
whisky in-front of him- You could 
tell he was a solicitor. He alone did 
not share in the laughter. ' 

“I’ve been thinking about it, 
chief" he said. ‘Tdon’t see how.a 
small restaurant in New Zealand 
is going to affect our trade. I mean, . 
it’s a hell of -a long trek from 

The man they called thief was 
on his feet in a flash: He- drilled 
Field! with his eyes." Yon fbolT 
he said. “We don't pay- you to .do 
our thinking! But since you ask, 
ru expJain,-If one small restaurant 
m New Zealand becomes known 
as Harrod’s, it will upset the whole 
trend of history. Crowds of Ameri- 
can tourists will arrive- in’New 

Zealand looking Tor the greatest 
department store in foe world. 
Simultaneously, people wilt start - 
going round London, saying: ‘ 
‘Lefs eat at Harrods tonight. I- 
hear they do a superb roast lamb’.; 
Confusion will set in. Especially as ; 
we're dosed at night." 

“Yeah", said Fletch. “But on; 
foe other hand loads of shop- 
lifters that we could wefl do 
without will drift out to New 
Zealand. Anyway, what’s one- 
small place . . ? 

“There is only one HarrodsT 
roared foe chief. 

“And his name is Harrods”,. 

they all echoed. 

The chief stared at their eager, 
brutal feces. He smiled. “Word - 
has just come in". Ire said softly, 
“that there is a small chemist’s. 1 
shop in Singapore operating under ', 
foe name of The Knightsbridge 
Store. It strikes me. that thereis, 
some room for confusion here. I " 
need a volunteer to eliminate The : 
Knightsbridge Store in Singapore . i 
Swiftly, and easily. Do I have any ' 
volunteers?" - 

A crowd of hands went up. The 
chief selected two of thou, belong- * 
rag to a heartless pair of notaries - 
called Flint and Blind Pugh' Then . 
he dismissed them all, keeping 
behind only his second-in-com- T 
mand. Haberdashery.' Both of 
them had noticed that Fletch had ~ 
not put up his hand.. 

“Tin worried about Fietch”, he 
tnurmured. “He’s going soft, Hab- , 
erdashery. You know what this 
means? You know what -I want - 
you to do?" 

“Eliminate him?” 

“Precisely. Oh. and by. the way, : 
these New Zealanders can con- - 
ceiyably cause trouble. If you find 
anyone floating round Harrods in 
Knightsbridge with a New Zea- 
land accent .. .” . 

Haberdashery laughed evilly - 
and drew a hand across his throat.' 

Exactly., Sue the life out of' 
tnem. There isonly oneHarrods." 
And Jus name is Harrods.* 1 
The two men-.drew their bala-'-J 
ciava helmets . on an rf left die. 
room. There was a moment's, 
stietree . and then a cupboard 
opened and a. small Times re- - 

porter tumbled oul 
“B limey",- he thought, “if I * 
reported this in The Times, no- 
body would believe me. And yet 
it s dynamite. Oh, blimey. ” 

(Watch this space for more news of: 
Harrods, not to be corf used with 
any other store.) 

In an article in. this month’s 
Encounter, Edward . Plaice asserts 
that there are' more people in 
Britain “living fives of damnable 
ignorance, futility and erap-. 
tiness", than anywhere else in;. 
Europe. He quotes Ernest Bevin’s 
remark about his own class and 
foe “terrible poverty of its; 
ambitions" and speculates that it 
is “protably truer now than when', 
he made it” Sweeping judgements ■ 
like this are so unverifiable that 
they can never be treated, as more; 
than mood music; yet it is mood. 

is true that when we use words like ■ 
“devastation" and “wastelands" 
about foe old industrial parts of 
Britamthe devastation isasrnuch_- 
of people's dreams-as of foe actual' 
physical structure. .The feet that, 
those dreams were so unambitious , 

— a .good job, a decent home — - 

only makes - the destruction the' 
crueller. Those modest dreams 
having been destroyed, nothings 
has been put in their place. - ; 

Into this .vacuum of purpose^ 
comes' foe absorbing activity of 
manipulating foe social security, 
system. And a society which gives; 
young people such a limited sense* 
of self-respect does not fed itself to 
be in the strong position to take a 
moral stand about that, even when 
foe same attitudes infect young 
people who have no particular caU 
on. our sympathy. 

' Everybody in foe old industrial 
areas of high- unemployment 
knows that foe same tan of jobs 
are not coming back. In many at 
them it is now the public institu-- 
tions that are foe main employers. 

— the local authorities, the health.; 
service, the universities — and. 
there are some who see public, 
sector expansion as the only way 
of increasing employment. ' 

This in part explains the Labour 
Party’s continuing ascendancy hr 
these areas- and the expanding 
importance of the? public sector 
unions. This vision of the future; 
sees foe hi-tech industries of the 
South East generating fire wealth 
with which the rest of the country 
provides itself with public service: 
jobs. In justice, it is pointed out 
that this is merely a geographical 
role reversal of foe situation in the , 
19th century, though the wealth'' 
was then in private hands. 

An alternative - vision of foe 
future is fatalistic about job losses. 
A new concept of human status 
and dignity most evolve, they say. 
They lafle of voluntary and. 
community activity, of breeding 
whippets, growing prize leeks. 

Neither vision will appeal to 
Mrs Thatcher's government But 
'foe alternative — foe creation of 
new industrial- wealth in the 
regions — will need a workforce 
with skills it fe doing nothing to 
encouragerjnafied, in its attitudes 
to education, and in the present 
financial incentives which it offers 
young people to leave school it is 
doing foe very opposite. 

The author is a member of ihe SDP . 
national committee 

1 jg.vii 



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I Pfenningion Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


Wailing about the demise of Salt 2 

“ - 

The -untimely death of the’ 
children of the rich or famous 
has a peculiar poignancy. Af- 
fluence is. demonstrated to. be 

no. defence against' mortality. 
The via dolorosa of the be- 
reaved parents is all the 
steeper, leading from Cabinet 
table or Mediterranean holi- 
day to the mortuary. It has to 
be . traversed in the painful 
light of publicity. 1 . 

Let the. grief of Miss .Olivia 
Channon’s parents re main as 
private as it can. There is a 
larger group, cif-pebple, how- 
ever, which must consider the 
circumstances of her death in a 
more public . fashion. The 
luiivjeisity authorities at Ox- 
ford ; the whole academic cor- 
pus of dons paid by the state to 
educate the young, should ask 
themselves whether it. does not 
suggest some lessons about the 
peculiarities of Oxford and the 
Oxford system. ' 

. The death of a:gifted young 
woman is significant in every 
sense except the statistical. 
Miss Channon died at a mo- 
ment when theOxford system 
renders those passing through 
it peculiariy vulnerable. The 
degree course at Oxford places 
a unique weight on the results 
achieved in a few final days of 
exams, after three or four years 
of very loosely-structured 
education. For time out of 
mind, the nighis -after finals 
have been moments of ex- 
cess the most sober and 
studious of undergraduates, 
finally released from tension, 
can quickly make themselves 
ill when making meriy, 

This antique "Oidoid tra- 
dition has, however, become 
debased in recent years, and 
this has been recognized by 
both the university authorities 
and the police; It is significant 
that in her annual report on 
the cbndition of the university, 
the outgoing senior proctor — 
in charge of the good order of 
the undergraduate body — re- 
cently laid particular stress on 

the excesses of postexam exu- 

It is equally significant that 
the Chief Constable of Oxford 
issued a 1 warning against 
rowdy celebrations immedi- 
ately before the final examina- 
tions began. He noted that 
revellers who blocked the pub- 
lic highway or . otherwise 
caused a public nuisance 
would be liable for criminal 
charges that could place their 
future career in. jeopardy, 
whatever their examination 

-But the Chief Constable 
went on to : recommend that 
the undergraduates return di- 
rectly from the examination 
halls to their colleges for their 
celebrations, without a.worti of 
warning about the risks (legal 
or otherwise) of anything they 
might, choose to do once 
there — which would, in some 
cases, no doubt, include taking 
dangerous and illegal drugs. 

The Chief Constable's 
recommendation therefore 
looks very much like an at- 
tempt to get unruly students 
off his territory as quickly as 
possible ... and delegate the 
responsibility for keeping or- 
der. among the revellers to the. 
university authorities. How- 
ever it also highlights a poten- 
tial gap in the policing of the 
Oxford student body, if the 
university authorities regard 
post-examination revelry, 
even when it gets out of hand, 
as jusi another tradition to be 

This is not, however, simply 
a matter for the exercise of 
university authority. The old 
ways and rules of Oxford 
discipline died in the 1960s; 
those taking finals at Oxford 
are all, on the state's defi- 
nition, full adults responsible 
for their actions. Even so, they 
are young and vulnerable 
adults, and the teaching staff of 
Oxford should be asking them-; 
selves this week whether their 
jobs do not lay on them all a 

greater duty of care than some 
thougbt.right to exercise. 

Oxford is both the benefi- 
ciary and the victim of its past 
a past of wealth, reputation, 
beauty, and glamour which 
does not always help it to 
function efficiently and so- 
berly in the modern world. It is 

Oxford’s ill-fortune that its 
latest scandal should appear to 
conforin to an Evelyn. Waugh ‘ 
stereotype which the author 
himself admitted was over- 
drawn, and which has faded 
further from the truth in the 40 
years since the Second World 

Other universities, anxious 
to demonstrate their shades of 
difference and not a little 
jealous of Oxford affluence, 
will join with Fleet Street in 
prolonging Oxford's miseries. 
Less privileged Oxford under- 
graduates have already shown 
their resentment at this revival 
of their university’s image of 

. Oxford’s diversity, between 
quiet student and would-be 
Brideshead extra, between 
modern labs and ancient li- 
braries, is heightened by its 
collegiate structure. These col- 
leges, in theory, break down its 
teeming transient, population 
of. able, awkward youth into 
academic families. In practice, 
there is an uneasy division of 
responsibilities between 
university and college authori- 
ties, which exacerbates the 
difficulties and doubts experi- 
enced by all those called to 
exercise residual authority 
over neonatal adults, and fur- 
ther confuses the relationship 
between university authorities 
and the police. ' 

In the end, salacious curios- 
ity: in the death of Miss 
Channon will fade, leaving 
barely a mark on Oxford's 
history. But thoughtful inquiry 
into the circumstances of- a 
tragedy -which took place on 
college premises should be 

r ' '»**.• 
r «*f'- 


Milts Klnuiun 



As with the- Western alliance, 
so with th* Warsaw Pact: the 
whole is often. Iess than the 
sum of the hostile utterances 
of ohe'or other ally.- Whether 
this results from the emollient 
influence of ^the European 
members of the respective 
alliances, or front the natural 
** reluctance- of national leaders 
to go down in official docu- 
ments as uncompromising, the 
official communiques of alli- 
ance meetings tend towards 
the anodyne, even when this 
might not be expected. 

The circumstances in which 
the leaders of the Warsaw Pact 
met in Budapest last week 
seemed especially conducive 
to the adoption of a strident 
anti-NATO statement Had 
not President Reagan just 
made known his intention of 
abandoning - the: unratified 
SALT-2 agreement? Had Biot 
the foreign ministers of NATO 
just demonstrated the fragility 
of the Western affiance at their 
meeting in . Vancouver? If 
Moscow had wanted .to rally 
its allies round its anti-Reagan 
standard, this was the time to 

In the event, their agreed 
statements were almost concil- 
iatory. . Reference to the 
abandonment of SALT-2 was. 
muted, and the thrust of. the 
message was directed towards 
Europe rather than against the 
United States. Along with 
specific proposals for. arms 
cuts, the pact also called for 
effective verification of the 
reductions, including on-site 
inspection. r . 

TTie apparent unwillingness 
of the Warsaw Pact to- engage 
in propaganda point-scoring at 
this time was unexpected- So 
too was the cognizance the 
pact’s leaders had taken of 
Western crititisms of the first 
version of these proposals — 
outlined by the Soviet leader 
earlier this year. The absence 
of provision; for on-site 
verification was one of the 
criticisms which -the Warsaw 
Pact has .now seen- .-fit to 
address. ■ ■ 

In view of this it- may seem 
churlish to note that there are 

Nuclear safety 

From Sir. Arthur Davies ‘ 

Sir, I have read wife interest 
today's leader (Jane 5)onthe 
proposals for an international 
system for nodeur safety and on 
the possibility afesaWistang an 
wnmna rig tE inte rn a tio n a l macfain- 


appropnaze aUQaaauiBa umuuii- 

eiy “possibly tender the auspices of 
the International -Atomic Energy 
Authority and foe World Health 
Organisation". 2 would like -to, 
oflertwo observations. 

I would hope that n any new : 
machinery is to be- establ ish e d rt 
will involve foe active patihajpa-. 
tioa of foe World Meteorological 

many reasons why the Warsaw: 
Pact proposals are still un- : 
satisfactory'! Not least is. the 
feet . that, all the proposed 
reductions, in , conventional 
weapons . leave the. .Warsaw 
Pact with a continuing advan- 
tage in Europe. Moreoever, 
despite the stated willingness 
of foe Eastern bloc to counte- 
nance on-site verification, an 
acceptable basis for this has yet 
to be formulated. 

But differences, even signifi- 
cant ones, over foe technicali- 
ties are no reason for not 
welcoming foe tone of the 
pact’s pronouncements. 

• Rather they offer an opportu- 
nity to examine the considr 
orations that gave rise to this 
new tone. 

One that is immediately 
apparent. from the wording of 
the propolis is the stated 
priority being given to eco- 
nomic development within the 
countries of the Warsaw Pact 
This should not be read as an 
admission of weakness on the 
part of foe Eastern bloc, still 
less as a sign foal this priority 
would not be switched at once 
if foe security of foe East bloc, 
or even foe status quo within 
it, were adjudged to be at risk. 
But the link between improved 
living standards and . reduced 
niilitery spending is now being 
articulated more frequently 
throughout tire bloc, suggest- 
ing' considerable -. domestic 
pressure for spending ratios to 
be reassessed. _ ■ 

. Another factor behind foe 
unexpected tone of last week’s 
statements from Budapest is 
doubtless Moscow's . recog- 
nition of foe damage, done to 
its reputation — and, by 
association, that of the Eastern 
bloc' as a . wholes- by foe 
reactor accident at ChemobyL 
The scale of -the 
disaster, coupled with 
Moscow’s failure to inform its 
allies promptly has dearly 
detracted from Soviet .self- 
confidence^ Wlthin the East- 
ern bloc it has undermined 
Moscow’s claims to tech- 
nological and moral leader- 
ship. . The 'allies,; have a 

Organisation. The movement of 
any pollutants once released into 
the atmosphere, and their possible 
wash out or foemical diange. by 
ninfitt, aredeariy raeteoralosical 
factors -which must be taken, into 

Moreover,' foe' machinery for . 
foe regular and prompt exchange 
of meteorological infimnatiou be- 
tween all nations :of foe world, ' 
long since set up under the 
auspices of foe World Meteo- 
rological Organisation, functions 
smoothly and efficiently on a non- . 
stop and global basis. - 

Secomfiy, while. such proposals, 

complaint against foe Soviet 
Umon whTch will jHrive hard^ 
tb answer and equally hard to 
fpi^L Juno 19S6 was .not a 
good time' for Moscow to try. 
and impose its wiU too force- 
fully on its allies, even if it had 
wanted to. - - • 

■Whenever foe Warsaw Pact 
meets, however, a d^ree of 
caution is in evidence that 
derives from -foe differences 
between its individual mem- 
bers. In spite of Moscow’s iron 
grip, the Eastern bloc is not the , 
monolith it often appears; It is 
riven with different cultural 
traditions, competing interests 
and national security con- 
cerns. It is not just Romania's 
familiar calls for more and 
better disarmament measures 
from East and West that 
should be heeded. Romania's 
geographical position, sur- 
rounded by Warsaw Pact 
countries, makes its minor 
deviations from Moscow less 
significant than they might 
otherwise be. 

Instead, it is foe small 
signals of disaffection that 
should be noted — from Hun- 
gary (wanting to maintain its 
relatively high living standards 
rather than subsidize less ef- 
ficient economies); from East 
Germany (wanting better rela- 
tions with West Germany); 
from groups in East Germany 
and Czechoslovakia (worried 
that foe deployment of new 
Soviet missiles on their terri- 
tory might make them more 
vulnerable to nudear attack 
themselves), qnd from Poland 
(wanting to feel an integral 
part of Europe again). 

It is these often, underesti- 
mated distinctions which offer 
hope for the continuation of 
peace in Europe, hope too for 
an eventual end to foe isola- 
tion of Eastern Europe. And it 
is distinctions like these which 
also constrain the Soviet 
Union, only slightly less than 
foe United States feels itself 
constrained by its European 
allies, from projecting its na- 
tional interests and its in- 
terests as a superpower on to 
foe alliance as a whole. 

are : evidently to be welcomed, it 
should be realised that a very high 
degree of co-operation already . 
exists between these 
organisations. The WMO's agree- 
ments with the International 
Atomic Energy Agency, .and foe. 
World Health Organisation date 
back to 1960 and 1952 respeo 
.tivdy. • 

Yours faithfully 

D. A DAVIES (Secretary-General 
Emeritus, World . Meteorological 
Organisation), . 

Ashley Oose, - 


East Sussex. 

. From Lord Chalfbnt 
1 Sir, Lord Rennet's persistent 
snapping at the heels of President 
Reagan (June 9) does a disservice 
to foe Social Democratic Party for 
which he speaks. 

Many of the items on his list of 
“onikneral aKance-splitters M are 
typical of the anti-American 
demonology from which the SDP 
was supposed to liberate hs 
followers; and his reference to a 
change for the better in Moscow is 
characteristic of all those gullible 
pipe-dreamers who have mistaken 
Mr Gorbachov's adroit manipula- 
tion of western opinion for a 
substantive shift in Soviet foreign 

' P °fc h er not the Soviet 
Union has violated Salt 2 is not 
the principal issue (although there 
is strong evidence that such 
violations have taken place). The 
important point is that Salt 2 is, 
and always has been, a bad treaty. 

It demanded no reductions of 
any kind in nudear stockpiles; and 
its call for limitations in launchers 
instead of warheads had the 
predictable result that the number 
of nudear weapons now in exis- 
tence is far greater than when the 
treaty was signed. 

The adjustment m Western 
Europe in new drctunstances is 
certainly, as Lord Kennet con- 
cedes, unwelcome. It is un- 
welcome because it continues a 
trend which has been evident in 
Western Europe since the Suez 
operations 30 years ago. 

Observatory’s future 

From Dr J. V. Wall 
Sir, It is invidious that Sir John 
Kingman should be allowed com- 
ment in your columns (June 7) on 
foe current debate. Sir John was 
Chairman of the Science and 
Engineering Research Council 
fSERC) until September, 1985, 
and it was under his chairmanship 
that the present bitter, fruitless 
and im a ging situation arose. 

One of his last acts as chairman 
was to set up a committee to 
examine yet again the question of 
observatory location, foe immedi- 
ately previous committees having 
found no good reasons, scientific, 
financial or social, for changing 
the status qua The report of the 
Kingman panel has been kept 
secret by the SERG 

Word mountain 

From Mr Julian Chancellor 
Sir. Many of us might sympathise 
with David Ferry’s view (June 9) 
that schemes organised by the 
European Commission are in 
danger of being dull and expen- 
sive. A European literature policy, 
however, 'would be an exception. 

The publication of. foreign, 
books' .'is the . cheapest, key to 
international understanding that I. 
can think of and M Lang's 
initiative should be taken seri- 
ously. Mr Perry’s facetious ref- 
erence to “garlic-flavoured” 
manuscripts emphasises foe need 
for an effective policy. 

It is no good relying on the “free 
market” There is no such thing 
without freedom of choice. The 
sales of foreign books are rarely 
sufficient to justify the expense of 
publishing good translations, and 
publishers' resources tend to be 
directed towards the mass market. 

Soli survey map 

From Mr £L A. Edmonds 
Sr, When the Soil Survey (reports, 
June 2-4) published its soil map of 
England and Wales at 1:1,000,000 
in 1975, its own detailed maps 
covered only 20 per cent of the 
area. The remainder was based in 
small pan on relief maps but 
drawn mainly by extrapolation 
from maps of foe British Geologi- 
cal Survey. 

Both surveys publish at 
1:50,000, make use of foe other’s 
results and are under political 
pressure to sell their wares in the 
market place. Neither has any 
prospect of paying its way, and 
each directorate knows it 
Such income as may be earned 
wiD come almost entirely from the 
public money spent by Govern- 
ment departments, local authori- 

Capital warships 

From Captain R. H. Norman, RN 
Sir, Perhaps Lieutenant-Colonel 
Wythe (June 7) would like to 
explain how the Falkland Islands 
might have been recovered with- 
out foe surface “capital” warship! 
The fact is that without foe 
handful of heavy warships avail- 
able on the day. Mis Thatcher and 
her Government would have had 
no options at all for foe recovery 
of the islands, which would now 
be part of Argentina. 

Of course ships are vulnerable 
(so are soldiers, tanks and aert> 
planes— Argentina lost most of its 
air force in 1982). Bui there are 
certain tasks which can only be 

Ordination of women 

From die Bishop ofSouthwarkand 

Sir, In your leading article of June 
2 (“Can doctrine develop?”) you 
rightly point to the contrast be- 
tween the Anglican view of “dis- 
persed authority" (grounded in 
scripture) and “Roman Ultra- 
montane centralism." But within 
foal contrast there is another 
distinction to be made. 

Anglicans count themselves 
members of the Church Catholic, 
and do not wish for or claim the 1 
authority to tamper with what 
they see as fundamental defi- 
nitions of that faith in broad 
terms: the supremacy of scripture, 
foe historic creeds, foe sacraments 
of baptism and holy communion, 
the historic force-fold ministry of 
bishop, priest (presbyter) and 

They do daim however the 
authority to deal with “second 
order” questions, and to use their 

It is characterized by a failure to 
understand the uses of military 
power in the pursuit of effective 
foreign policies; a tendency to 
regard arms control agreements as 
a^desirabie end in themselves, 
irrespective of whether or not they 
increase security, and a readiness 
to make unilateral concessions in 
pursuit of such agreements. 

It is from these dangerous 
illusions that Dr David Owen is 
courageously attempting to rescue 
the SDP and its uneasy alliance 
with foe Liberal Party. 

What is now needed is not 
endless waiting about foe im- 
minent demise of a piece of useless 
“arms control"; it is foe negotia- 
tion of a serious, verifiable treaty 
which will bring about substantial 
cuts in foe numbers of nuclear 

If President Reagan's readiness 
to “break out” of Salt 2 (a treaty 
which, it is worth recording, was 
never ratified by the United States 
and in any case was not intended 
to remain in force until December 
1985) leads to a real agreement on 
strategic arms reductions based 
upon intelligent calculations of 
mutual security, foe “mindless 
flight of foe hawks” to which Lord 
Kennel colourfully refers, which 
wiD have been proved to be as 
unimportant as the confused 
fluttering of the doves. 

Yours sincerely, 


House of Lords. 

June 10. 

Your readers are entitled to 
know whether Sir John is speaking 
for himself or his panel. If the 
latter, his comments do not 
appear to reflea the conclusions of 
the report as they have appeared 
in the press; if foe former, it is not 
dear to rae^ why he has changed his 

In either case public comment 
paralleling a confidential report at 
a time when the matter is sub 
judice represents an abuse of 

Besides, Sir John's arguments 
are all wrong, and UK astrono- 
mers know it. 

Yours etc, 

J. V. WALL, 

Heather Ridge, 

Joe’s Lane, 

Windmill Hill, 

Hailsham. East Sussex. 

There is nothing wrong with 
that, except that those who would 
buy foreign books may not have 
the opportunity to do so. It would 
take a minuscule proportion of foe 
European Commission's re- 
sources to remedy this situation 
by subsidising, the publication., of 

The UK does virtually nothing 
to encourage foe availability of 
foreign literature, and we are in 
the embarrassing position in 
which the three annual prizes for 
excellent translations are paid for 
by the French, foe Gomans and 
foe Italians. Let us therefore 
support the commission's pro- 
posals with enthusiasm, rather 
than sneer at them with insular 

Yours faithfully, 


Deputy General Secretary, 

The Society of Authors, 

84 Drayton Gardens, SWI0. 

ties and nationalised industries. 
There is no co-ordination of foe 
two mapping programmes. 

Sir, this is absurd; better and 
cheaper to bring the two 
organisations together, possibly 
within the Ordnance Survey, 
which prims the maps, withdraw 
both from the market place and 
run them strictly as surveys shorn 
of the research and commercial 
frills that better adorn university 
and industry. 

Maps produced by touting for 
customers' questions and piecing 
together the answers compare 
unfavourably with the results of 
systematic survey and constitute 
an insecure foundation for land- 
use planning. 

Yours faithfully, 


Thomtree House, ■ - 
Beamish Burm. Co Durham. 

undertaken by surface ships; the 
answer is to provide them with 
proper weapons and sensors, 
which requires size and 

If the Royal Navy had an 
equipment problem in foe South 
Atlantic, it was inadequate or 
unsuitable weapons and- not 
enough surface ships — largely a 
reflection of inadequate resources 
in earlier years. Incidentally, only 
one warship, a destroyer, was lost 
as a result of missile attack. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Sycamores. 

22 Preston Lane. 

Faversfaam. Kent. 

June 7. 

synods as a final place of decision 
fora resolution of such issues. The 
issue before us at foe present time 
is in fan about the status of the 
qeustion about women as priests: 
is it a first order question or a 

Professor John MacQuanie, for 
instance, told foe assembled bish- 
ops at foe Lambeth Conference in 
1978 that he believed it to be a 
second order question. Few 
theologians dissent from this, and 
that includes many in foe Roman 
Catholic Church. 

“Ordaining” women as preists 
does not contradict foe creeds or 
change foe force-fold order of 
ministry. There are passages in 
scripture which point towards it as 
well as some which point against. 

It is therefore a question which 
autonomous churches may decide 
for themselves, as at least five 
churches of foe Anglican commu- 
nion have already decided to do. 

It would appear that the Bishop 

Matching the 
men to the jobs 

From the Reverend J. R. Giles 
Sir, If ever there was a tear-jerker 
on television it was the June 2 
Panorama on unemployment in 
Cleveland, with foe shot of Mum 
and children waiting on Middles- 
brough station platform for Dad 
to arrive back from his job as a 
brick-layer in foe prosperous 

When he eventually arrived the 
18 month-okl younger child failed 
to recognise his father after an 
absence of four weeks. This is foe 
price being paid even by those 
who have “got on their bikes”. 

Then today's Times (June 10) 
follows with your Industrial 
Correspondent's report on foe 
shortage of skilled staff m foe 
Southeast. Two weeks ago I was 
hearing foe same story from an 
engineer in BrisioL Yet up here in 
foe North thousands of skilled 
men and their families are trapped 
by the practical impossibility 
without help of moving to where 
foe jobs aaually are. and by foe 
shortage and cost of houses to live 

Yet here are real jobs, which will 
bring hope to real people. For 
heaven's sake, cannot foe Govern- 
ment match this supply to this 
demand, where such a small 
investment (help towards bridging 
the differentials in house prices, 
subsidies for moving) could yield 
such colossal human, family and 
social benefits? 

And it would be much cheaper 
than keeping people for ever on 
foe dole. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Vicarage, 

4 St Mark's Crescent, 


June 10. 

Sex education 

from Lord Buckmaster 
Sir, I am grateful for foe coverage 
in your columns of the Govern- 
ment amendment I moved to the 
Education Bill on sex education in 
schools, based on mine. 

The prevailing ethos in this 
country seems to be far more 
permissive than most parents 
would wish; and it has been foe 
concern of such parents, whose 
complaints to head teachers have 
aD too often proved unavailing, 
that has impelled me to pursue 
this difficult and delicate matter. 

One important aspect of their 
complaints not mentioned in your 
columns is foe all too frequent 
coupling of sex education with foe 
provision of contraception, in the 
mistaken belief that the wider 
availability of contraceptives re- 
duces unwanted teenage preg- 
nancies. In- fact, it would seem to 
encourage experimentation. 

. Furthermore, a young girl 
makes a poor candidate for the 
regular, daily adminstration of the 
PilL, which incidentally, causes 
150 different hormone changes in 
her body. 

During the decade up to 1984 
the number of illegitimate births 
to girls under 20 increased by 
almost 60 per cent — and this at a 
time when organisations like the 
Brook Advisory Clinics and the 
Fhmily Planning Association were 
peddling foe HU as never before, 
with substantial support from 
public funds. 

The Medical Education Trust is 
now studying in depth foe possible 
harmful medical and psychologi- 
cal effects of early sexual activity. 
The connection between such 
activity and cancer of foe cervix in 
foe young, now generally ac- 
cepted, is only one aspect of their 

All this surely points to foe 
urgent need for a greater emphasis 
on self-restraint in the teaching of 
this subject 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

June 10. 

From Mrs Pamela Mitchell 
Sir, I am amazed to leant that an 
already overburdened govern- 
ment is having to try and legislate 
for bringing back neglected moral 
standards In our homes and 

Where, oh where, is foe 
Archibishop of Canterbury? 

Yours faithfully. 


46 Eaton Terrace, SWi. 

June 5. 

Cleaning up 

From Councillor Peter Hanley 
Sir. As the local authority with 
probably the largest litter problem 
of all. Westminster Council is very 
supportive of foe Prime Minister’s 
clean-up campaign. '-’Operation 

Your June 3 editorial points out 
foe need for a change in attitude 

of London and other members of 
our Church believe that fun- 
damental or first order truths are 
at stake. Believing this, they 
understandably claim that Gen- 
eral Synod has no authority in foe 
matter. We believe that it has, 
precisely because the issues raised 
are not first order. 

Furthermore, we do not accept 
that foe membership of foe 
Church of England can simply be 
described as “liberal” or 
“traditionalist” in roughly equal 
proportions, or that foe authority 
of the Synod in this matter is as 
widely rejected as your leader 

Youre sincerely, 


Bishop’s House. “ 

38 Tooting Sec Gardens. 
Streatham, SW16. 

June 9. 


JUNE 16 1919 

Captain John Alcock and 
Lieutenant Whitten Broun made 
the first direct non-stop flight 
across the Atlantic a distance of 
1 B6Q miles. A month earlier U- 
CdrRead, US Navy, and his crew 
had made the crossing in stages — 
Newfoundland to Lisbon via the 

Azores. Both Alcock ( 1892 - 1919) 
and Broun f 1886-1948) were 
knighted shortly after their 
achievement The former was 
kitted when his aircraft crushed in 



Captain J. Alcock, D.S.C., and 
Lieutenant Whitten Brown, 
RAJ?.. Dying a Vickers Vimy 
machine have won the £10,000 
prize offered by the Daily Matt for 
a Transatlantic flight The official 
message said: — 

Landed at Clifden at 8.40 ajn. 
G.M.T., June 15, Vickers Vimy 
Atlantic machine, leaving New- 
foundland coast 4.28 pjn. G.M.T-, 
June 14. Total time, 16 homs 12 
mins.- Signed: Alcock and Brown. 



Captain Akock’s story of hia 
flight is as follows: - 
“We have had a terrible journey. 
The wonder is we are here at all. 
We scarcely saw the sun or the 
moon or the stars. For hours we 
saw none of them. The fog was very' 
dense, and at times we had to 
descend to within 360ft of the sea. 
For lour hours the machine was 
covered in a sheet of ice carried by 
frozen sleet; at another time the fog 
was so dense that my speed 
indicator did not work, and for a 
few seconds it wag very alarming. 

“We looped the loop, I do 
believe, and did a very steep spiral. 
We did some very comic ‘stunts’, 
for I have no sense of horizon. 

“The winds were favourable all 
the way, north-west, and at times 
south-west. We said in Newfound- 
land we would do the trip in 16 
horns, but we never thought we 
should An hour and a half before 
we saw land we had no certain idea' 
where we were, but we believed we 
were at Galway or thereabouts. Our 
delight in seeing Easter Island and 
Turbot Island (five miles west of 
Clifden) was great. People did not 
know who we were when we landed, 
and thought we were scouts looking 
for Alcock. 

“We encountered no unforseen 
conditions. We did not suffer from 
cold or exhaustion except when 
looking over the side, then the sleet 
chewed bits, out of our faces- We 
drank . coffee and ale and ate 
sandwiches and chocolate. 

“The flight has shown that the 
Atlantic flight impracticable, but I 
think it should be done not with an 
aeroplane or seaplane, but with a 
flying boat. We had plenty of 
reserve fuel left, using only two- 
thirds of our supply. The only 
thing that upset me was to see the 
machine at the end get damaged. 
From above the bog looked like a 
lovely field, but the machine sank 
into it up to the axle and fell over 
on to her nose." 


CLIFDEN. June 15 ' 
Captain Alcock said that it had 
been a very trying journey, with 
bad visibility, fog and rain. They 
heard no wireless messages on the 
route owing to the constant jam- 
ming of signals not intended for 
him. His wireless propeller for 
transmitting messages was blown 
off five minutes after leaving St. 
Johns. He saw the sun out once 
after attaining 11.000 feet. Only . 
three bearings were possible owing 
to foe bad weather. “I didn't know 
once during the night whether I 
was upside down or not. The fog ; 
was awful. Later I bad a very 
narrow escape. I found myself 
within 10ft of the sea. It put the ' 
wind up us.” 

The engine ran well. One ex- 
haust pipe blew off and made the : 
pilot very deaf. “This weather,” 
said Captain Alcock, “is too bad for 
us to proceed to London. 1 have - 
nursed my engines all the way, and. ' 
have one third of my petrol left”. ; - 
On landing Lieutenant Brown! . 
said to Captain Alcock: “What do 
you think of that for fancy 
navigating?" “Very good," was the 
reply, and they both shook hands. 

among people who create foe litter 
problem. What will accomplish 
this faster and more effectively 
than anything else is foe uigently : 
needed legislation granting local, 
authorities foe power to levy oik 
foe-spot fines. 

Current enforcement powers are 
unworkable and there, is no deter-? 
rent for the litter louL With some 
legislated "teeth” in the Hitler- 
laws. Britain can quickly reach. 1 
even surpass, the standards set in- 
any other country in the world. ; 
Yours faithfully. 

PETER HARTLEY, Chairman. w 
Environment Committee. 
Westminster City Council 
PO Box 240. 

Westminster City Hall. 

Victoria Street. SWI. 


From Dr F. S. Black 
Sir, “Not in from of foe patients”' 
(article, June 11); a colleague 
recently opened foe notes of a new 
patient and found his predecessor' 
had noted on her departurei- 
"Hurrah hurrah she's going to 

I am sure this told him more 
about the patient than copious' 
medical observations. 

Yours faithfully. 


36 Salford, 

Audlem. Cheshire. 

ssr “ 



Clifford Longley 

Doubt that is the key to faith 


June 14: Her Majesty was 
present at The Queen's Birthday 
Parade on the Horse Guards 

. Parade this morning. 

The Queen was accompanied 
l by The Duke of Edinburgh 
l (Colonel. Grenadier Guards). 
' The Grand Duke of Luxcm- 
; bourg (Colonel. Irish Guards). 
. The Prince of Wales (Colonel. 

• Welsh Guards) and The Duke of 
Kenl (Colonel. Scots Guards). 

Her MamlY was at) ended Uy Maior 
General Lord M-ctiacl Fiteataii How 
ard iColon.-l Tile Life Guardsi. Maror 
General Sir C«wge Bums i Col one I 
Coldstream Guards'. MarorGeneral C 
J Airs 'M.nor General Cwnmandlnd 
Ihe Household Division' and 

• Household Division Staff 

The Earl of Westmorland (Master of 
the Horsei. General Sir Dwmotid 

• Fircpainrk 'Cotonel. The Blues and 

- Royals. Gold Suck in wiullnq'. 
. Liculerunl -Colonel Sir John Miller 
. (Crown Eduem-i. Ueulenani -Colonel 

Sir John Johnston and Lieulonanl 
Colonel Ceoroe West iEqucme.ii; 
Waiting' and Colonel J B Emson. The 
Life Guard's iSilvcr Stick in W’alhnqi 
. were in attendance _ 

Colonel A T w Duncan 'Command 
I no. Grenadier Guards'. Colonel H M 
C Haveiaal 'Commanding. Coldstream 
Guards) " Colonel w W Mahon 
tGommandino. Irish Guards) and Uie 
Silver Slick Adjul.irn and Regimental 
Adiutams or r oot Guards « " 

The Troops on Parade. 
•• aunder the command of Colonel 
J M Havering. Scois Guards 
(Field Officer m Brigade Wait- 
ing). received The Queen wiih a 
Royal Salute. 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother. The Princess of Wales. 
The Prince Andrew. The Prin- 
■ cess Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips 
and Captain Mark Phillips. The 

- Princess Margaret Countess of 
Snowdon. Princess Alice. Duch- 
ess ol" Gloucester. The Duke and 
Duchess of Gloucester, The 
Duchess of Kent. Prince and 
Pricess Michael of Kent. Prin- 
cess Alexandra, the Hon Mrs 
Angus Ogjlvy and the Hon 
Angus Ogilvy. other Members 
of the Royal Family, and Miss 
Sarah Ferguson, drove to the 
Horse Guards Parade and wit- 
nessed The Queen's Birthday 

The Grand Duchess of 
Luxembourg was also present. 

On the conclusion of the 
Parade. Her Majesty rode back 
to Buckingham Palace at the 
head of The Queen's Guard, 
preceded by the Massed 
Mounted Bands of the House- 
hold Cavalry. Sovereign's Es- 
cort of ihe Household Cavalry, 
under the command of Major T 
P E Barclay. The Blues and 
Roy3ls. and 'the Massed Bands 
of the Guards Division. 

On arrival at Buckingham 
Palace. The Queen's Guard 
entered the Forecourt and 
formed up opposite the Old 
Guard, the remaining Guards 
marching past Her Majesty. The 
Ring's Troop. Royal Horse 
' Artillery and the Household 
Cavalry ranked past The Queen. 

Her Majesty, from Bucking- 
ham Palace, witnessed a fly-past 
bv aircraft of Royal Air Force 
Strike Command, led by Wing 
Commander R S Peacock-Ed- 
wards. to mark the official 
celebration of The Queen's 

Royal Salutes were fired to- 
day by The King's Troop. Royal 
Horse Artillery in Hyde Park, 
under the command of Major 
Christopher Tar. and from the 
Tower of London Saluting Bat- 
. lery by the Honourable Artillery 
Company, under the command 
of Captain Richard Jackson. 

By command or The Queen, 
the Lord Somerleyton (Lord in 
W'aiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
evening upon the arrival of The 
Kingand Queen of the Hashem- 
ite Kingdom of Jordan and 
welcomed Their Majesties on 
behalf of Her Majesty. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
President of the Guards Polo 
Club. toda> attended a Club 
luncheon and fund-raising polo 
match at Smiih's Lawn 
His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by Her Majesty’s Lord- 
Lieutenant for the Royal 
County of Berkshire (Colonel 
the Hon Gordon Palmer) and 
the Chairman of the Club 
(Lieutenant-Colonel R Watt). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips today attended the Prix 
de Diane-Hermcs at Chantilly. 

Her Royal Highness, attended 
by Mrs Richard Carcw Pole, 
iravelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight. 

June 15: The Duchess of 
Gloucester. Vice Patron of The 
Queen's Club, this afternoon 
presented the Singles Trophy at 
the Siella Artois Lawn Tennis 

Mrs Howard Page was in 

The importance of exploration in 
religion has been upheld by the Bishop 
of Durham, the Right Rev David 
Jenkins, in the course of the argument 
over his right to reinterpret some basic 
doctrines of Christianity. In principle at 
least, the rest of the bishops of the 
Church of England have supported his 
right to be an explorer, while setting 
down a sort of code of conduct for the 
way it should be handled. In a free 
society the right to ask questions is a 
difficult one to challenge, and in a 
sceptical society there is a kind of 
cultural respectability in having doubts. 
When most people are not sure, there is 
suspicion of those who are. 

point of defence is over the legitimacy of 
honest searching. 

Otherwise the Bishop got the worst of 
the argument: he may be tolerated as an 
explorer, bnt the firm line has been laid 
down that he is in dangerous territory. 
Nevertheless the mildly liberal theologi- 
cal line he has been pursuing is 
transparently motivated by a desire to 
make Christianity more believable, and 
more intellectually acceptable, and 
therefore more likely to command 
serious attention and deeper consent 
The Bishop of Durham always presents 
his critical remarks with a demand that 
people should take Christian faith more 
seriously. This is a case for liberal 
theology that has not yet been properly 

The relationship of doubt to faith is 
more difficult than the simple contrast 
between certainty and agnosticism. Only 
some farms of faith and some forms of 
donbt are mutually exclusive alterna- 
tives. The literatnre of Christianity is 
full of doubt of a more subtle kind, co- 
existing with, inspired by, and even 
inspiring, faith itself. It is doubt directed 
not at the existence of objective religions 
reality, but at the impossibility of 
describing it or reducing it to the 
patterns of human experience. This 
creative doubt is the sort that asks 
questions of which the answers are 

It is. essentially, that the traditional 
doctrinal proposition that the Church 
has inherited comes from thought-forms 
and philosophical approaches which are 
so alien to the way modern western 
minds work that they can only be 
accepted unthinkingly. Profound con- 
sent and real internalization, which a 
deeper appreciation of the life of faith 
requires, are difficult, if not impossible, 
if ideas are not presented in a more 
familiar modern package. This is the 
first and bask defence of what liberal 
theology is trying to do. The second 

As a purely intellectual process, 
religious exploration and doubt can take 
on a reductionist character it becomes 
limited to the asking of awkward 
questions about historical facts; or the 
insistence that paradoxes such as the 
Incarnation must be resolved in the 
name of fashionable rational tidiness. 
The key to the relationship of doubt to 
faith must lie elsewhere, for faith cannot 
survive if the limits of human compre- 
hension are made the limits of what is 
true. The claim made by religion is that 
understanding is possible of only part of 
the truth, while the greater part lies 
beyond. Doubt is therefore an attitude of 
inquiry towards the greater part, and 
recognition that any understanding of 
the area within human grasp is heavily 
compromised by what remains bidden. 
To that extent, therefore, doubt is an 
essential element in the religious mind. 

As a minority culture, Christianity in 
Britain now suffers from having to co- 
exist with a prevailing atmosphere of 
religious scepticism of the most negative 
and uncreative kind, which refuses to 
pant the seriousness of religions ques- 
tions at all. Thus Christianity is in 
danger of having its content described by 

those who do not accept or understand iL 
It is. for instance, obliged to believe in 
the God that atheists do not believe in, 
rather than a Cod of its own, beyond the 
comprehension of atheism; and agnos- 
tics are scandalized that a Bishop of the 
Church of England should not uphold a 
simplistic belief in miracles. 

Atheism and agnosticism are, howev- 
er, only two of many possible forms of 
religous doubt The mystic and the 
contemplative also bare mysteries to 
question. The garden maze, such as the 
one at Hampton Court, has sometimes 
been used as a religious metaphor, for it 
teaches the lesson that one s t a ndin g at 
the entrance may yet be nearer to fefiag 
the centre titan one who has penetrated 
far into H. At the entrance the puzzle is 
as yet unmeasured and unexperienced. 
For the explorer who is deep inside, and 
lost, doubts will be more intense and 
disconcerting. Doubts are not intellectu- 
al indulgences, in such a case, bnt dark 
nights of the son). They are a mark not 
of infidelity bnt of refigoas seriousness. 

It would be a poor outcome to the 
“Durham controversy' 1 therefore, if the 
Church of England were to turn its back 
on genuine questioning and condemn all 
donbt as apostasy. This is not what the 
bishops have said, but it is the way that 
opinion in the Church seems to be 
drifting. It would mean that the vivifying 
concept of mystery has been replaced by 
arid certainty. The pity is, perhaps, that 
the kinds of doubt made notorious in the 
Durham case are not, as doubts go, 
particularly iuteresting ones. There is no 
great fascinating tension between the 
“empty tomb" idea or souk other 
version of events, particularly as the 
Bishop of Durham manifestly does not 
try to build upon his unempty tomb any 
profound construction with fresh insight 
into the meaning of it alL He believes in 
the Resurrection; bnt presents it in a way- 
designed to make it look less unlikely, 
not more. 


The Hon PJ. PleydelFBouverie 
and Miss J.V. Gilmour 
Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother attended the reception 
at Syon House and Prince 
Andrew and Miss Sarah Fer- 
guson, Princess Margate L Vis- 
count Linlcy. Lady Sarah 
Armsirong-Jones. Princess Al- 
ice Duchess of Gloucester, the 
Duke and Duchess of Glouces- 
ter and Lady Davina Windsor 
attended the marriage on Sat- 
urday at Si Margaret's. West- 
minster. of the Hon Peter 
Pleydell-Bouverie. son of the 
Earl of Radnor and Lady Cox, 
and Miss Jane Gilmour, daugh- 
ter of Sir lan Gilmour. MP. and 
Lady Caroline Gilmour. The 
Yen' Derek Hayward and Canon 
Trevor Beeson officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Alexander 
Gilmour. Bartie Pleydell- 
Bouverie. Mark Beilh. Jamie 
Collins. Lady Rose Windsor, 
Lady Frances Pleydell- 
Bouverie. Lady Louisa-Jane 
Montagu Douglas Scott Tana 
Seth-Smith. Rachel Gilmour. 
Natalia Gilmour. Lucy Cuth- 
berL Katie Percy and Edwina 
Belmont Mr Christopher Figg 
was best man. 

of Mr and Mrs K.M.N. 
Fcrgusson. of the Old Vicarage, 
Memmore. Buckinghamshire. 
The Rev Philip Davies 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Jack Elies. Alexan- 
der Hinton and Annie Cuthbert. 
Mr .Archie Stirling was best 

Mr RJ5.P. Bell 
and Dr FJ. Sanders 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday in the Chapel of St 
Cross. Winchester, of Mr Simon 
Bell, elder son of Mr and the 
Hon Mrs R.P.M. Bell, of Win- 
chester. Hampshire, and Dr 
Fiona Sanders, elder daughter of 
Mrand Mrs David Sanders, also 
of Winchester. The Rev W.N. 
Slock officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Lucy Sanders 
and Miss Penelope Bell. Mr 
Aidan G.W. Bell was best man. 

Mr C-G-A. Younger 
and Miss S.E. Fergosson 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Mary the Virgifl, 
Memmore. of Mr Charles 
Younger, younger son of the 
Hon George Younger. MP, and 
Mrs Younger, of Easier Leckie. 
Gargunnock. Stirling, and Miss 
Sally Feqjusson. elder daughter 

Dr J.A. Almond 
and Dr L. Bryan 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday at the Danish Church. 
Regent's Park, of Dr Alan 
Almond, son of Mr and Mrs H. 
Almond, of Toiferton, York- 
shire. and Dr Linda Bryan, 
daughter of Sir Arthur and Lady 
Bryan, of Tittensor. Stafford- 
shire. The Rev Harri Davies 
officiated, assisted by Pastor P. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Dr Beverley 
Swcelen-Smilh. Dr Philippa 
Eastham and Dr Julia Overden. 
Mr Christopher Done was best 

Mr M.P. Goodbart 
and Miss P.M. Jennings 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Church of St 
Andrew and St Mary, 
Grantchester. of Mr Michael 
Goodhan. son of Dr and Mrs 
C.B. Goodbart. of Grantchester, 
Cambridge, and Miss Philippa 
Jennings, elder daughter of Sir 
Robert Jennings, QC. and Lady 
Jennings, of Grantchester. Cam- 
bridge. The Rev N.T. Brewster 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Joanna Jen- 
nings and Mrs Pauline Sutton. 
Mr George Lawrence was best 

Mr D.R. Elton 
and Miss S.P. Mills 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Church of the 
Holy Cross. Crediton. of Mr 
David Roger Elton.younger son 
of Mr and Mrs J.R. Elton, of 
Fawsley. Maidenhead, Berk- 
shire. and Miss Susan Mills, 
only daughter of Sir Peter Mills, 
MP. and Lady Mills, of 
Priestcombe, Crediton. Devon. 
The Rev Bruce Duncan 

Thc bride, who was given in 
marriage by her lather, was 
assisted by Thomas, Sarah. 
Lucy and Harriet Cargill. Cap- 
tain Nicholas Borwell was best 

Mr C.RJS. Salim beni 
and Miss CJL Fawssett 
The marriage took place on June 
7, at Holy Trinity, CuckfiekJ, 
Sussex, of Mr Crispin Salimbeni 
and Miss Clare Fawsscu. The 
Rev Eric Hayden officiated and 
Canon Diaries Walker gave the 

Mr G.P. Coote 
and Miss AX. KiteJey 
The marriage took place on June 
14. between Mr Garry Peter 
Coote, son of Mr and Mrs P. 
Coote. of Ickenham. Middlesex, 
and Miss Alison Lesley Kiteley, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs R. 
Kiteley. of West Drayton, 
Middlesex. The Rev Keith 
Ham merlon officiated. 

Mr AJL Harris 
and Mrs L Josse 
The marriage of Mr Ansel 
Harris and Mrs Lea Josse took 
place in London recently 

Mr HA. Jaknbovrski 
and Miss R.EL Jackson 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday June 14. 19S6. in 
London, between Mr Richard 
Jackubowski, son of Mr and 
Mrs Stan i slaw Jackubowski, of 
Plymouth. Devon, and Miss 
Rosemary Jackson, daughter of 
the late Mr Douglas Jackson and 
of Mrs Pauline Jackson, of 
Chelmsford, Essex. 

Mr PJ. McCarthy 
and Miss C.V. Grant-Rennick 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, June 14, in London, 
between Mr Peter John Mc- 
Carthy and Miss Claire Grant- 

Mr AJ. Stoppani 
and Miss J. Jackson 
The marriage took place on 
Friday. June 13, 1986, in Lon- 
don, of Mr Andrew Stoppani. 
son of Mr and Mrs J.F. 
Stoppani. and Miss Jennyfer 
Anne Jackson, daughter of Dr 
and Mrs R.A Jackson. 



Mr G.M. Carfrae 
and Miss J.E. Gillam 
The engagement is announced 
between Guy Martin, only son 
of Major and Mrs MJ.F. 
Carfrae, of Fa m ham. Surrey, 
and Jane Elizabeth, only daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs MXE. 
Gillam. of The Gate House, 
Bishops Gate. Engleffeld Green, 

Mr D. Ditzel 
and Miss AX. Barnes 
The engagement is announced 
between David, only son of Mr 
and Mrs D. Ditzel, of Collier 
Row. Essex, and Alison, daugh- 
ter of Mrand MrsH.W. Barnes, 
of Honeyfield Cottage, 
PcnshursL KenL 

Mr R.MJ. Whitehonse 
and Miss I.C. Walker 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs John 
Whiichousc. of Abbotsbrook, 
Bourne End. Buckinghamshire, 
and Inken. only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Goraon Walker, of 
Remenham Hill. Henley-on- 
Thames. Oxfordshire. 

Mr J.L. Hunter 
and Miss C.E. Quinn 
The engagement is announced 
between John Laurie, second 
son of Mr and Mrs Jock Hunter, 
ofHalnaker House, near Chich- 
ester. Sussex, and Cariyn Eliza- 
beth. daughter of Mr Robert 
Quinn of 10 Egerton Place. 
London. SW3. and Mrs WJ. 
Smith, of Wilson. Wyoming. 

Mr N.G. Coles 
and Miss SA. Drummond 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, only son of 
the late Mr J.A. Coles and Mrs 
G.l. Coles, of Ascot. Berkshire, 
and Shirley Anne, youngest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.P. 
Drummond, of Glenrothes. 
Fife. Scotland. 

Birthdays today 

Lord Aberdare. 67; Mr Anthony 
Abrahams, 63; Lord Astor of 
Hever. 40. Miss Eileen Atkins, 
52; Mr James Bo lam. 48; MrT. 
W. Graveney, 59; Mr S. C. 
Griffith, 72; Mr John Hadfield, 
79; Major-General R. W. Jelf, 
82; the Right Rev David 
KonslanL, 56; Professor R. J. S. 
Me Do wall, 94; Professor Robert 
Matthews. 59; Sir John PeeL 74; 
Lord Pennock, 66: Lord Perry of 
Walton, 65; Mr Enoch Powell, 
MP. 74: Lord Richardson. 76: 
Sir James Ritchie, 84; Mr Erich 
Segal. 49; General Sir Hugh 
Siockwell. 83: Lord Wade, 82; 
Lord Walston. 74: Mr Simon 
Williams. 40: Sir Geoffrey 
W rough am. 86. 

L (honorary fellows). under special bye- 
iWI fUnlwvr- 

Salters’ Company 

The following have been elected 
oficers of the Salters’ Company"] 
for the ensuing year 
Mr PLB Sloddart, Master; Mr 
EJN Hicks. Upper Warden; Mr 
Alderman Richard Nichols, Sec- 
ond Warden. 

Tioyal College of 

Among the new fellows admit- 
ted by the ^resident. Sir Ray- 
mond Hoffenberg, to the Royal 
College of Physicians of London 
on June 12 wens 

.Sir Ronald Gardner -Thorpe <ln 
absentia). Dr Rosalind PttMttvers. Dr 
David Rees and Mr Michael Tun® 

taw: Dr Abdel Salarn Mai . 

sity of Jordan). Dr M A Eoslefn (John 
RaldlUe Hontol. Oxford), and In 
absentia. Dr J A Barondees (Cornell 
University. New York). Dr J A 
Clements OJrtverrtty of California). Dr 
F H EpMetn (Bern Israel Hospital. 
Boston). Dr B H Scribner (University 
of Washington. Seattle). Dr “ 



Lyricist of ‘My Fair Lady’ 

AJan Jay Lerner, the play- 
wright and lyricist, who was 
responsible for such notable 
musicals as My Fair Lady and 
Camelot, died in New York on 
June 14, aged 67. 

He wrote many of bis best 
works with Frederick Loewe, 
the composer, and the names 
Lerner and Loewe became 
bywords for ail that was best 
on the musical stage. Their 
first venture. The Day Before 
Spring, was followed by 
Brigadoon. in 1947 and four 
years later by Paint Your 

But it was in 1 956. when My 
Fair Lady opened on the New 
York stage, that their reputa- 
tion was assured. Both in 
London and New York, My 
Fair Lady set records for the 
longest running musical: in 
New York there were more 
than 2,700 performances. 

Lerner loved Britain and he 
dipped unashamedly into its 
history to provide him with 
material for his shows: Scot- 
land was the setting for 
Brigadoon, the legend of King 
Arthur bred romantic Came - 


into a memorable film in 
1964 The show returned to 
in 1976 and was 

with moderate success, in the 
stage musical. The Day Before 
Spring . a work of much grace 
and charm which never quite 
caught on during its first run 
on Broadway. The collabora- 
tors achieved major successes 
with Brigadoon, a whimsical 
fantasy about a ghostly High- 
land village and two Ameri- 
cans who stumble on it; and 
Paint Your Wagon, an extro- 
vert open-air musicaL 
Meanwhile Lerner was 
drawn to Hollywood and 

lot and Shaw’s story of Pygma- signed a contract with MGM, 
lion provided the rich tapestry at that lime the leading mak- 

of class-conscious England 
that Rex Harrison and Julie 
Andrews portrayed so unfor- 
gettably in My Fair Lady. Six 
years ago he made his home in 

Bom in New York City on 
August 31, 1918, Lerner was 
educated at Bedales, the En- 
glish public school, and in 
America before taking a de- 
gree at Harvard. 

An enthusiastic interest in 
writing and drama during 
university days led him subse- 
quently into journalism, and 
then, in 1940, into script 
writing for radio. 

His collaboration with 
Loewe was instituted in 1942, 

ers of film musicals, working 
first on the Fred Astaire film . 
Wedding Bells, then on the 
award-winning American in 
Paris . for which he incorporat- 
ed a number of Gershwin's 
most famous songs in the 
original screenplay. 

Reluming to Broadway and 
his collaboration with Loewe, 
he transformed Pygmalion 
into a musical which left 
passionate Shavians with feel- 
ings not too outraged. 

My Fair Lady was produced 
in more than 20 countries and 
collected numerous awards. 
Columbia Records sold more 
than five million copies of the 
cast album and it was made 

again a success. 

After this Lerner and Loewe 
turned their attention to Co- 
lette, writing and composing 
Gigi as an original screen 
musical, winning Oscars for 
best screenplay and best song. 
In 1960 Camelot was pro- 
duced. with Lerner again writ- 
ing the book and lyrics and 
Loewe the music. .As with My 
Fair Lady, Julie Andrews 
starred and Moss Hart 
directed. . . 

Differences of opinion and 
Loewe’s poor health began to 
take their toll and in 1962, 
after 19 vearsof collaboration, 
Lerner and Loewe split up. 

Three years later. Lerner 
won a “Grammy" award for 
his work with Burton Lane on 
the title song of On a Clear 
Day You Can See Forever. He 
collaborated on three more 
musicals. Coco (with Andre 
Previn in 1969), 1600 Pennsy l- 
vania Avenue (with Leonard 
Bernstein in 1976) and 
Carmelina (again with Lane, 
in 1979. 

. Lemer's Last musical. Dance 
a Little Closer, was a failure 
and dosed after only one night 
in 1983. 

Despite this setback, he was 
acknowledged as one of the 
few American lyric-writers of 
the grand tradition, which 
combined popular appeal with 
a conviction that audiences 
would welcome wit. 
intelligence and ingenuity in 
the popular song. Since the 
death of Oscar Hammerstein 
I960, his position as 


America's leading lyric writer 
was virtually unchallenged. 

He was married eight times 
- seven of the marriages ended 
in divorce - and he is survived 
by Liz Robertson, the actress. 


Cheng Stang INrvu Singapore General 
' “ X Warren CRocke- 

Hospiial) and Dr K _ 

teller Foundation. New York). 

Claremont School 

The annual Old Boys’ reunion 
|_at Claremont School. Si Leon- 
ard s-on-Sea, will take place on 
Saturday, July 19, at 2.30 pm. 
There will be a cricket match, 
followed by a cocktail party at 
6.30 pm. Any Old Boy who 
wishes to attend should contact 
Major Robert Harris at the 

£4 ■ Em + 15% VAT 

(minimum J linn) 

tnnouncnncnii authenticated bv I he 
name and permanent address of I he 
sender, may he seni io: 

PQ BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

or icfcptoncd (by telephone subs- 
cibcrs only) io: (11-481 3024 

AnnmiiKrmcnis an be icccivcd bv 
telephone hciwccn o.COam and 
S 30pm Monday lo Frida*, on Satur- 
day bciwein ‘inuam and 12 noon. 

4000 (MyJ. For publication the 
following day phone by 1.3fJpm. 

cic on Court and Social Paac ft a Em 
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Coun and Social Pag: announce- 
ments can noi he acccpicd by 
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!. Plrngta Start. Uurtm El. 

I <•!* ramuoil llv IWInglaMiitua 03 me 
LORD, and ll» ptjjwi of tlw LORD 
orrording lo ill Inal ihe LORD nalti 
bolowra on us 

luun OS: T 


AMLOT On June 13 lo AUson ■!« 
Caminqi and Tony, a son. Richard 
Ctiarte*. Oniony, brother for 

BABER On June I Jlh to Ro and Geo# 

I rev. a son iBamaby Edward 
Geoffrey i 

COLLIER- WRIGHT - On June 13th al 
■■W CcuryoV Tooling. IO Rowan inre 
Hnbhardt and Charles, a daughter, a 
si*ji>r for Emma and Robert 

GALLOWAY On lOlh June I960 at 
M Jidda's Hospital. Hong Kong, lo 
Graham .mij Judith, a son. Guy 
Campbell Mackenzie, a brother for 

HAMILTON - On lOtli June 1986 al Si 
Mary's Hospital. W2. lo Joanna fnee 
Smith) and Graham, a son. Robert 
Leslie David, a brother for Edward. 

1986 al Ihe Undo Wing. SI Mary's 
Paddington, lo Eleanor me* Slone) 
and Simon, a daughter. Nathalie 

MARTIN on June Bih al Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital lo Catherine 
Grain ne (nee Saycei and John, a son. 
Chrlsiopher John. 

SAVAGE to Ann (nee Freeman) and 
Neve, on June !2lh 1986 In Ml 
Klsco. New York, a son. Truan Neve, 
a brother for Sarah- Jane and Megan . 

WILSON - To Carolyn inee 

SchUperooni and Piers, a beautiful 
daughter. Anna Aheen. turn 7 Ih 
June and died peacefully on 8th 


FLEIIRY: CESD9E The marriage be- 
tween Mr Paul Fleury and Mbs 
EBjkH Geddle look place al SL John's 
Church. Meopnam on June 14ih. 


ALLEN On June 1 2th. Dr Waller God 
I rev aged 94 of Morden College. 
BtacL heath SE3. Funeral Service al 
Morden College Chapel. 2 15pm on 
Wednesday. June 18th followed by 
private cremation No tellers or (low- 
ers Donations lost. Paul's Cathedra) 
Faonr Fund, c o The Registrar. Sr. 
Paul's Cathedral. London EC4. 

CARIVALIS - On June lOth al Ihe 
Princess Grace Hospital. London, 
after a short illness. Michael. Dearly 
roved husband of Kai- much loved 
father o* Isidore and George and 
devoted brother of Polly. Funeral 
Service al si. Sophia Cathedral. 
Moscow Road. London W2 on Tues- 
day June I final 11 OO am. Flowers 
Id SI. Sophia Caihedrai. Donations, if 
desired, lo The Greek Charity 
Organisation, c o Mrs Maria 
Kulurundis. \ PaJacc Green. W8 

C0RLETT - On June 1 Slh al home. U 
Commander Geo (I rcy Stuart Cartel). 
D.F C . R.N. vref'd*. Dear husband of 
Isabel ana father of Jan and Judy 
and a much loved grandpa. Private 
cremation ai hts request. 

SHANNON ■ On 1 1th June. In Oxford. 
Olivia, daughter of Ingrid and Paul 
and sister of Catherine. Jasper. 
Valentine. Georgia and Henry. 

DALE ■ On June tllh. Dorothy, of 
Roxfev Court, wiu lan. aged 89. 
Funeral service lo be held al ihe Vale 
Crematorium. Slopsley. Luton on 
Monday. June 2£n). al II am. All 
enquiries lo E H Crouch. 25a HU thin 
Street. Baldock. Herb. 0462 895191 

DOLPHM - Dr Alphonsus. aged 77. 
Retired Consultant Physician. The 
London Hospital. Mite End. Passed 
away 20th May 1986 a) St. Marga- 
rets Hospital. Coping Dearly laved 
husband of Delia. RIP 

HAHBHOO* On Wednesday June 
12lh 1986. peacefully al her home. 
Slwch House. Brecon. Powys. 
Wales. Kathleen May. Funeral ser- 
vice on Tuesday June I7ih al SI' 
Mary's Church. Brecon al 12 noon 
followed by cremation al Llwydcoed. 
Aberdare. Enquiries to Drag 
Prosser. Funeral Director. Brecon 

HARPER U Col. ind» Ivor Debenham. 
tale East Surrey Regl and A- P T C 
peacefully on 12lh June in his 771h 

HARRIS U Colonel Hinton John T.D.. 
O L. 'aged 93). On I2ih June, al Te 
Hira Nursing Home. Rugby. Dear 
brother of Cyril For many years a 
master al Rugby School. Funeral 
Service. Rugby School Chapel. 2.45 
pm Thursday. 191h June Friends 
welcome Cremation afterwards. Do- 
nations lo Sr. Andrew's Church. 
Rugby, c o Waller & Taylor. Under- 
takers. 16 Railway Terrace. Rugby. 

HARVEY - On June lsi. I radically lost 
al sea off ihe Duicn Coast. Vernon 
Sylvester aged 66 years. Greatly 
loved brother of Belly. Audrey and 
Stephen (deceased) Donations in ha 
memory. If so desired, io Ihe 
R.N.L I . West Quay Road. Poole. 
Dorset 8H1S 1KZ. 

HEALD, On June 13th. 1986 at 
DaneshlU Court. Basing. Muriel, 
dearly beloved wife of Jack, mother 
of Bill, grandmother of Sara. Lucy 
and Anna Funeral service at 3 SO 
pm on Tuesday. 17th June at Parish 
Church. Odlham and afterwards at 
Was'les High Slrccl. Odiham. Dona- 
tions lo Odiham parish Church 
Restoration appeal. 

LEMON On llth June ai Ram ley 
House Nursing home. Anne CybH 
lAtunoyi of Llminglon aged 86. wid- 
ow of Hugh (LI CoJ R-E-! and dearly 
loved mother of Phyllis. Geoffrey. 
Rosemary and Mark. Private Crema- 
tion. Memorial Service ai St Thomas 
Church. Limmgton. on Thursday 
26Ui June ai 11am. Donations for 
Umlngl on Hospital Appeal Fund t o 
Diamond A Son FD. Lower Bucktand 
Rd. Lynungion. Tel. <OS90i 72060. 
MAHOM. On June II In Barnel In her 
98th year. Nora Hooper Mahon. 
Widow of Heaihfieid McMahon Ma- 
hon late of CIUslehursL Cremation 

MATHEWS On June 13Ui 1986. peace- 
fully in hospital after a short Illness 
Norah Spencer of Stanley House. 
Burton. Cheshire, dear safer of Nan. 
Drue. John and SMrfey and much 
loved a uni and greai aunt Funeral 
service ai Burton Parish church on 
Wednesday I8lh of June al 11.15 
am followed by private cremation. 
Flowers may be sen! to Charles Ste- 
phens. Clifton House. Funeral Home. 
Roc* Ferry. WirraL Tel 051 60S 

McLEOO On June 13th. 1986. peace- 
fully ai MUramar* Hospital. 
Dunfermline. Fife, lan McLeod aged 
6d years Beloved husband of Marga- 
ret inee SUtarsL The Study. Cudross 
by Dun Term line A dearly loved ra- 
ther and grandfather. 

MELLON - On June 12th 1986. peace- 
fully at home In Hazel Grove. 
Cheshire. After a long illness bravely 
borne Keith Wilson aged 71 years. 
Dearest husband of Olive, fond la- 
ther of Anne and Jane and grand- 
father ol Richard and Susannah. 
Service at Bramhall Parish Church 
on Tuesday 17th June al 12.15pm 
prior io com ml rial al Stockport Cre- 
ituionum ai 1 OOpm. Flowers, or If 
desued. donations may be made lo 
M N D Enquiries and donations to 
Ben LLoyd Ltd. St Station Road. 
Cheadte Hulme. Cheshire. Telephone 
061 485 3135 

MOHiK On June ism peacefully In 
Si James Hospital. Leeds, after a 
long illness- William John, dearly 
loved and sadly missed by his wife 
SteiU. children Clare. Richard and 
Jane, sons- In law and grandchildren. 
Service and cremation al 
Lawnvvood. Leeds on Wednesday. 
June is in ai 2.30pm- Family flow- 
ers only Please no feiim. OonaUons 
If devired may be sent lo ihe Friends 
ol SI James. Si James Hospital. 
Beckett Street. Leeds. 

NUNN Maude On May 31st. 1986 aged 
82. Widow of Albert Edward Nunn, 
mother of Margaret Jean. Passed 
away at her home In Berkhamsted. 
PAMTUM On June 6th. Phyllis aged 
96. Mother of the late Ismay and 
much loved grandmother of Steph- 
anie and greai <yanny of Joanna and 
Jennie. Cremation al Putney Vale 
crematorium at 12 noon an Wednes- 
day 18th June. Cut dowers only 
please io. J A R KIIIKk Ltd. 1 12 High 
Street, west Wickham. Kenl by 

SMITH On June 12th 1986. al home. 
George Seiwyn. aged 83 years of 31 
MJddeburgh Avenue. Herne Bay. 
Kem. loving husband of Uve late 
Grace Isabel Smith. Funeral Service 
takes place a) Christchurch. Herne 
Bay on Thursday. 19th June at 
1.45pm. toll owed by cremation at 
Charing al 3.00pm. Family flowers 
only, donations if desired to the 
Motor St Cycle Trade Benevolent 
Fund . 

SMITH On June 15th at St. Barnabas 
Hospice. Lincoln, peacefully after 
Veal suffering, gravely borne. June 
Smith S R.N.. Health & Safety Offi- 
cer. loyal caring friend and 
Confidante lo members of manage- 
ment and stafr of The Thomas Cook 
Group. Funeral al SI Johns Church. 
Bracetaridge Heath. Lincoln. Wednes- 
day. June IBih al 11.15 am. Famtty 
flowers only. Donations io St. Barna- 
bas Hospice Trust 47 Sleep HUL 
Li nco ln. 

WUtTERTOM ■ On I2fh Jure, peaceful- 
ly al home. Leslie Campbell. Dearly 
loved husband of Ihe tale Dorothy 
and much loved rather of Pal and 
Michael, father-in-law of Carolyn 
and grandfather of James and 
Louisa. Private cremat io n. Family 
Dowers only please. Donauons. If 
desired, may be sent to Ihe Bromley 
Council for Voluntary Service or lo 
ihe Benevolent Fund of Ihe 
Worshipful Company Of Weavers. 
Memorial service in the Auiuron. 


GQULDEN A Service of Thanksgiving 
for the life of Gontran Gouklen win 
be held ai SI. Peter's Church. Black 
Lion Lane. Hammersmith W6 on 
Wednesday. 2nd July al 1 1 00 am. 

JACKSON There win be a Memorial 
Service for Profesw R- M. Jackson 
In the Chapel of St. John's College. 
Cambridge, at 12 noon on Saturday, 
12 July 1986. 

Jorge Luis Borges, the cele- 
brated Argentine writer, died 
on June 14 in Geneva. He was 
86. A master of parable and 
parody, he stood as a unique 
figure in world literature. 

Borges was born in 1899 in 
Buenos Aires. An English 
grandmother ensured that he 
was brought up bilingual and 
from the precocious age of six 
he began writing. 

He literally grew up among 
English books in his father's 
library, a sign of his intense 
and devoted bookishness. His 
father's failing eyesight (inher- 
ited by Borges himself later) 
took the family to Europe in 
1914 for a cure. 

Both parents were crucial to 
Borees' later life as a writer, 
his rather, a novelist, anarchist 
and teacher whose unfulfilled 
writer's ambitions Borges 
quite consciously assumed, 
while his mother accompa- 
nied, protected and aided 
Borges until her death at the 
age of 99 in 1975. 

Borges returned to Buenos 
Aires in 1921 after participat- 
ing in the tepid Spanish poetic- 
avant-guard called ullraismo, 
like I m agism based on extrav- 
agant metaphors and where 
Borges first made a name for 
himself as a poet- Back home 
in Buenos Aires he initiated 
his contemporaries into the 
new poetry, collaborating in 
magazines and literary gather- 
ings, but he soon repudiated 
these “timid extravaganzas". 

Yet from his earliest pub- 
lished collection of poems. 
Fervor de Buenos Aires ( 1 923). 
through CuademoSan Martin 
(1929). El hacedor (I960), 
Elogio de la sombra ( 1 969) up 
to El oro de los tigres (1972) 
and La cifra ( 198 1 ) - to name 
some - it was as a poet that 
Borges esteemed himself. 

However, Borges' astonish- 
ing reputation rests dearly, if 
slightly mistakenly, on his 
small output of short fictions. 

It was through these “fictions" 
that Borges transcended his 
language and culture, much to 
bis own surprise. 

According to Borges himself 
these modest subversive ex- 
periments emerged after a 
near fatal accident in 1938 (the 

same year as his father's 
death) to become the Borges 
canon: Ficciones (1944; 
Fictions, 1962); El Aleph 
(1949); The Aleph and Other 
Stories, 1970, also partly in 
Labyrinths (edited by D. 
Yates and J. Irby, 1964) and 
less convindngly the later El 
informe de Broaie ( 1 970; Doc- 
tor Brodies Report, 1971), and 
El libro de arena (1975; The 
Book of Sand, 1977). 

It was the Forme n tor Prize 
of 1961 (shared with Samuel 
Beckett) that brought Borges 
cult admiration, both in Ar- 
gentina and abroad. 

There are many Borgeses 
(poet, story-teller, essayist, 
parodist, prologuist, 
translated, as Borges himsdf 
wryly noted in “Borges and F, 
and this is a good measure of 
his elusory appeal. 

The Borges certain to last as 
a minor classic of the twenti- 
eth century is the poet who, 
turning to prose, created cun- 
ning mystifications and arti- 
fices in terse prose that vied 
with brain-teasing riddles and 
that bafflingly and allusively 
elaborated his lifelong 

But more than a clever 
constructor of elegant con- 
ceits, Borges’ work can be 
identified by the underlying 
tones, of melancholia and 

Borges’ best “fictions” can 
be read as deeply ironic, even 
pessimistic parables of our 
times. Their modernity is in 
line with Kafka (to whom 
Borges devoted some of his 
most acute and succinct criti- 
cal notes) in that they assert 
both the almost self-indulgent 
pleasures and the grim neces- 
sities of fantasy (that is an) in 
a brutalising empirical worid. 

In Spanish, Borges was an 
acknowledged master of style; 
his verbal rigour, his refusal of 
ostentation, his skilful 
anglicising of his mother 
tongue, indeed his intense 
consciousness of language it- 
self (its tautological status) 
have indebted later writers. 
There is a clear post-Borges 
mode of writing, evident in 
Anglo-American fiction as 

Borges' life from the 1940s 
onwards was not eventful; he 
worked as a librarian, review- 
er and professor and remained 
in his beloved Buenos Aires. 
After Perdn’s rise to power 
(1944) Borges became vocal 
politically and was demoted 
from librarian to inspector of 
poultry, but with Peron's fell 
(1955) Borges was nominated 
Director of the National 

That same year Borges' 
eyesight failed and he became 
almost totally blind. During 
these years of blindness he 
continued teaching and writ- 
ing poems and the occasional 
story, working with mental 

Afteriris mother's death, he 
was aided by loyal secretaries, 
translators, friends and read- 

Borges has been honoured 
with many notable prizes 
(Formentor, Cervantes, Jeru- 
salem, Cino del Duca) but^ 
notoriously not the Nobel; he* 
lectured in the United Slates 
and Europe and received sev- 
eral honorary degrees (Oxford, 
Columbia, Michigan). 

Borges had always been an 
avid and provocative conver- 
sationalist whose every opin- 
ion (Torn the funny to the 
profound has been recorded 
and published. His memory 
and love for literature were 
truly astonishing. 

He will also surprisingly be 
remembered as the champion 
of neglected British writers 
like Stevenson, Hudson, Ches- 
terton and Kipling, as well as a 
shrewd reader and exploiter of 
the eleventh edition of the 
Encyclopaedia Britannica. 

Borges helped to revive a 
particular way of reading;, a 
suspicious distancing that at 
first seemed unfashionable ^ 
and dilettante where his own 
writing became his way of 
reading other writers and 
where a reading of Borges is a 
re-writing of his reading. . 

He was married, first in 
1967, to Elsa Millan (they 
were legally separated three 
years later) and in April of this 
year he married Maria 
Kodama, his secretary and 


Benny Goodman, the 
American bandleader and 
clarinettist, who died on June 
13. had been known since the 
mid- 1930s as “The King of 

His was the music which 
ushered in the “Swing Era” of 
the big bands in 1935. and his 
was the most popular of the 
genuinely jazz-oased large 

Although he did not lead a 
permanent orchestra after 
1950 and had been in semi- 
retirement since the early 
1960s, his later appearances 
continued to demonstrate the 
gifts of taste and technique 
which made him for many 
years pre-eminent among jazz 
clarinettists in the popular 

.Among his many achieve- 
ments was the proof that jazz 
and classical music need not 
be mutually exclusive forms. 
He recorded with the Buda- 
pest String Quartet in 1939. 
and was an adept interpreter 
of the works of such compos- 
ers as Banok. Copland and 
Hindemith, from each of 
whom he commissioned 

Born Benjamin David 
Goodman on May 30, 1909, in 
Chicago. Illinois, he was one 
of a large, impecunious fam- 
ily. By the age of 10 he was 
taking clarinet lessons, and 
two years later appeared for 

the first time on a vaudeville 
stage in his home town. 

It was in his mid-teens that 
the Chicago drummer and 
bandleader, Beii Pollack, sent 
for him. and Goodman joined 
the band for an engagement at 
the Venice Ballroom in Los 
Angeles. His first recording, in 
1926; was with Pollack, and 
shortly afterwards he made his 
recording debut as a leader. 

In 1934, he organized his 
first band, regularly featured 
on a New York radio show, 
and the following year he took 
the ensemble on tour. across 
America. When they reached 
Los Angeles, they were greeted 
with a wild and spontaneous 
acclaim which set the tone for 
the next decade. 

This was the beginning of 
the Swing fad, also to elevate 
such of bis contemporaries as 
Artie Shaw, Glenn Miller and 
the Dorsey brothers, and to 
spawn such dance crazes as 
the Lindy Hop and the Jitter- 
bug among the newly-identi- 
fied group of young people 
known as bobbysoxers. 

The success of Goodman’s 
band owed much to the quali- 
ty of its arrangements, many 
of which he had purchased 
form the black composer and 
bandleader Fletcher Hender- 
son. Racial prejudice prevem- 

white formation playing the 
same music met no such 
problems. - • 

In 1935, Goodman also 
began recording a series of 
small-group works, ranging 
from a trio to a septet, which 
earned greater admiration 
among jazz fans than his big- 
band efforts. 

These classic records fea- 
tured the black pianist Teddy 
Wilson, whom Goodman also 
hired for the big band, thus 
becoming the first major white 
bandleader to incorporate- a 
black musician into a travel- 
ling orchestra. It was both- a 
courageous and a momentous 
action, carried out with the 
encouragement of his friend 
and record producer John 4 
Hammond, whose sister, Al- 
ice Duckworth, Goodman 
married in 1941. 

The huge demand for 
Uood man’s big band lasted 
until 1950. when general fi- 
nancial imperatives began to 
draw the shades on an era. He 
dissolved the ensemble, con- 
centrating instead on small 
groups, and was never to lead *■ 
a permanent orchestra again. 

in 1955, however, he reas- 
sembled a band to make a film 
entitled The Benny Goodman 
fjgy- and in the spring .of 
i yoz he made an unprecedent- 

ed the acceptance of ed tour of the Soviet Union 
Henderson's own band on a receiving ovations 
mass scale, but Goodman's everywhere^ 


X - 

jii i m 

' ' V •'• / *- ■ 

w W M.ftl” ' ■ ' ' "l 111 1 . ■■■ 





\^V orab, ‘ film in 

; rbc 5hou returned to 

^ and was 


f r;’ lxn ^ f and Loew e 
aUeftuon to Co- 
and Composing 

p S5S 


^P^auibe* song. 

*** pro * 

^ i>nn and 
t 1 "* *--*•**■■ As kfc-sih ,l/|. 
~ • j uhc Andrews 
^ Mo» Han 


f"** pf oproion and 
- 5»-W fecailh began to 
•r- teii and m 1%;. 

* cufiaterraiion. 
^ <.4cwe split up 

"•^ iatcr. Lcrnrr 
vrammv" award for 
a. wryt Bu«on Lane on 
:: £■ fJr u C7«.ijr 

* ^ f ■” A*v /■v.-j’iTrr He 

u“r three more 
C «»::& Andre 
rt ;«** ft-W pennsyt. 
'■ {with Leonard 

' " »‘ i7fa > and 

'-team with Lane. 

-■■zm < nus;«ral. Daw 
^ failure 
only one night 

* - w:bairfe. he was 
/j one ol tjic 
'ync<»nien ot 
??s£5«tiou, which 
^ appeal with 

toa: audiences 


^ -*nd :ngcp.uirv in 
feUsr vsnjt Smce'tlu- 
: OaL*r Siair.tnrrsicm 4 
'»; ***> position as 

A A !ync writer 

— u.-A-A')cngcd 
*■* r*. eight limes 

f ^ tt-amajes ended 
w • Xv-c te ;a $urv:u*J 
i^deftw s. :hc actress. 

i‘ ,-jr .“-nm J v4i>s 

• »?•' -Tt't eventful: he 

i:i i u/Tarras JCMtfW- 

v :-Ci Jtfei fi*ma:ttrd 
*•• &izvm Atnrv 

; ‘:'r v r*-o {/> pewrr 

^"Tcr- bcvjrra? vocal 
a;i: ^ar. detr.otrd 
ii: n\ttwr of 
*■■’■“ rerin’r. fail 

* »»».'* flc^sajc-J 
-:•: t.w National 

c tjl“ Borers' 
*-tJ a* Secaror 
>.;•:•• iXinrr 

irs r 1 ' ^-?*u*Tte*-s he 

■?' ••#>•»■■•"■■■»)? wr*}- 

:•.*, <*>:. •-•*.'• 4 *caw«sui 
' J *: J> WtTUlI 

“ Itwas fiTgfatenlRg to write the 

- ym4 “mango** for the first 
f ? time, recalled the'West ladian 

’ -^ poet Perek Wdmt Ari ngthe 
m * first ef Arena's Caribk 
^'Nights (BBC2, Satorday). 
"lEwfl- worse- was' to write 
<p "tiangpr next to Apple, think 

T-$t . looked foolish sad realize 
that this .jodgemeBt heloaged 
i :t» a foreign culture. " 

*£■' ‘ The diseftssion between po- 
.- ets was about rite thrill 
^ business ef developing a frt 
branch of the: English tan- 

- gnage. While senior Caribbe- 
v-sui . writers . tike Walcott 

- 'continne in the classical En- 
glish tradition . based- on 

5 "Wordsworth, Keats and 
Shakespeare, their successors 
A - Lintoa Kweri Johnson and 
- : Michael Smith write ihJaniaK 
^ can dialect and can trace 

- -influences only from -the King 
^ James Bible. The developing 

h pg pa g e, like its baefc^nmad 
< *:adinre 1 has Hfepanic passion, 

- Feojch delicacy 'and- African 
:c poise to add to English lyri- 
cism, making it a 1 gloricuK 

■ medimn for both thosghtand 
■ c emotion. ■ . - ' 

=■- Even in the fife-story of the 
■; reggae star Bob ' Mark} f 

- (BBG2, Sanday) die words 
" were as moving as tte music. 
-.-This is the only documentary I 
7 have ever, seen in' which the 
-'interviews' were often small 

.4 ? -poems to tharown. In pvtk- 
'- - nlar, Peter Tosh tafltedheanti> 

- folly abont the artistic rda- 
tionship between Marjey, 

“Bunny Wailer and himself, 
who. came to IWap in the 
-torfy- Seventies to sfon a 
-" £4,000- deal with Chris Black- 
well at Island fiecords. 

This was an uncritical biog- 
raphy of a modem saint, in 
tCwhich Mar ley’s ooumitment 

’. to Hjidafarwtw™ ; awl hh 

- importance as an irtematienal 
*: vmce of Mack Bbemtito were 

:dne emphasis. A mem-, 
of his-badong group said 
tshe believed that Martey was 
^the nsneamatioa of the biMB- 
‘r'cal Joseph, am! there was film 
.. of the independence ceremony 
l v m Zimbabwe where Mariey’s 
music played the instant the 
Union Jack was hauled down, 
i-. The Arena team took tills 
: project over from Island who, 

■. with characteristic oppovton- 
began to fim at the 
rfnoerri after their star died of 

- earner rt the age of 36. 

Celia Brayfield j 

David Roper investigates the difficult steps many 
actors are forced to tread on their way from repertory 
; : to the comparatively easy stages of the West End 


. Week after week the pages of The 
Stage, that idiosyncratic organ of 
. the acting profession, are Jittered 
with the dying reputations of 
theatre producers and the corpses 
of plays abandoned en route from 
Civic centre to West End coliseum. 
Quite why this should be may 
surprise those who imagine that the 

theatre is run with the probity of 
the limited 

die small business or 
company. A private employer 
could hardly dosei his business on a 
-whini or « the first sigh of 
unprofitabflhy by giving his staff 
two "weeks' notice with no 
redundancy, ho "holiday pay. no 
sickness benefit. Yet these are the 
conditions m the theatre. 

protest,' or attempt 10 negotiate, it 
will be “politely but firmly” point- 
ed out that they may wish other 
clients to work with the manager in 
the indefinite future; to make a fuss 
over this small matter could result 
in a very long pause between this 
phone call and the next Equity's 
so-called .'’minim urn” wage 
(around £120 per week in London) 
is meant as a guide from which 
negotiations can take place, though 
manager frequently use it as a 
basic minimum' requirement that 
need never be raised. 

Where most managements avoid 

Equity scrutiny is Over the question 
ot understudies. Any actor who 

-. The standard Equity contract, 
whether provincial, touring, panto- 
mime- or West End, appears to be 
knitted from a skein of antique 
loopholes. Actors might imagine 
ihey : can look to their union to 
protect. them but, in a profession of 
so many unemployed, people on 
both sides of a contract are willing 
to bend the rules. It may be less 
convenient in London’s West End 
shows, since Equity aud its watch- 
dogs (albeit rubber-toothed) are on 
the doorstep, but,- in the words of 
one manager, “ft. may be difficult 
to sack someone, once they’re in 
your show — but it’s easy never to 
employ them again”. 

agrees to understudy may take on a 
maximum of two roles in return for 
the minimum pay. For an increase 
in pay, the actor is at liberty to take 
on as many roles as he or she may 
wish. During the recent run of 
Figaro at the Ambassadors, it was 
only when someone fell ill that 
Equity discovered no understudy 
at aH was being employed. In 
another West End production, a 
show- which was managing with 
one understudy (the minimum 
requirement), two members of the 
cast fell ill .and disaster was only 
averted when the wardrobe-mis- 
tress appeared on stage, reading 
from a.scripL 

production, as shown on the 
contract: a kind of guarantee 
against loss. This, if it were strictly 
con trolled, could prevent cancella- 
tions. With a production called 
Happy Event , starring Martin Jar- 
vis and Susan Penhaligon, the 
producers offered the show to the 
Birmingham Alexandra and the 
Theatre Royal, Norwich, where 
both theatre directors agreed to 
take it, doubtless on the strength of 
the two television “names” in the 
cast. The performances were adver- 
tised but foiled to appear — 
although at Norwich a gala perfor- 
mance had already sold out. Yet 
neither theatre boss is in a position 
to take legal action, because con- 
iractsjbr the show had not been 


Another practice is to suggest to 
Ihe agent that his or her client 
should accept a weekly wage below 
the Equity minimum. If the agents 

Equally unenforceable is the 
ruling that any management must 
have cash reserves to cover all the 
“contra” (salaries, bills and run- 
ning costs) for the full length of the 

This, amazingly, is hardly un- 
usual. Rehearsals — and. quite 
often m both theatre and film, full- 
scale performances — are frequent- 
ly well under way before any 
contracts are issued for actors to 
sign. Ken Myers, an American 
backer, made headlines in The 
Stage for six weeks with allegations 
of leaving behind him a string of 
shows for which the accounts were 
empty when it came to paying the 
bills: most recently in this country 
at the Mermaid during, the run of 
Down an Alley Filled With Cats, 
starring Adam Faith. Only when 
the Mermaid’s Sally Price threat- 
ened to distrain on the sets did 
Myers’s British co-producers pay 
up the required £17,500 to keep 
their good name. 

Duncan Weldon is chairman and 
managing director of Triumph 
Apollo, a company which must be 
ranked as the most powerful and 
productive (if not the most cre- 
ative) of theatre managements in 
Britain — responsible for the mixed 
blessing of stars illuminating the 
HaymarkeL He has an arrange- 
ment with that theatre (which he 
partly owns), and had in the past 
with the Duke of York’s, that as 
long as he has another production 
in the wings — waiting to occupy 
the stage when it becomes available 
— his firm has an option on the 
theatre. The reason is that the most 
expensive liability for any theatre- 
owner is to have to pay running 
costs while the building is “dark” 
or unoccupied. 

This may in part explain why, 
two years ago, it was Triumph 
Apollo's habit to have as many as 

1 7 productions on the go around 
the country: whichever proved to 
be the biggest hit would move into 
the West End when the current 
show had run its course — rather 
like slacking planes at Heathrow 
and waiting for landing per- 

Robert Selbie. who is in charge of 
contracts at Triumph Apollo, ad- 
mits that the carrot trick might be 
used to get good actors in the 
secondary roles: “After all. the 
bigger the star, the more likely a 
West End transfer after the prov- 
inces. If a pre-Wesi End tour is 
longer than eight weeks, we issue a 
provincial contract. Otherwise the 
total guaranteed work on the 
contract is six weeks, to include the 
rehearsaL So. in that case. yes. we 
could give notice to the company 
after Just two weeks on the road. 
But any sensible management 

would use their best endeavours to 
bring a show into the West End. if a 
theatre was available.” 

It is. of course, a buyer's market, 
and always has been. With 80 or 90 
percent continued unemployment, 
nobody - least of all the actors' 
union — is going to say you cannot 
negotiate down. Since much of the 
business is done freemason- fash- 
ion. with a nod and a wink and a 
“by mutual agreement” clause, the 
chances of policing every third-rate 
provincial management's contrac- 
tual chicanery are negligible. An 
actor who tries to discuss his 
contract might as well be a tom-cat 
engaging in debate with the ven the 
items in question will already be 
firmly in his grasp, the outcome is 
inevitable, just as painful, just as 
damaging to his self-esteem — and. 
to all intents and purposes, is 


Virtuosity of style as well as step 

Royal Ballet 

Covent Garden 

The Continuing effects of inju- 
ries _ depleted the . Royal 
Ballet's Ashton programme on 
Saturday night of some in- 
tended new casts, . but the 
programme itself remains one 
that is easyto enjoy, and there 
was one notable debut that of 
Ravenna Tucker in Seines de 
ballet, r 

She is in rqany ways a 
natural successor to Leslie 
Collier, who has made an 
outstanding success ‘ in - this 
ballet: Tucker too has a swift. . 

dean-cut technique which she 
shapes smoothly to the music, 
and both of them know that 
virtuosity is not just a matter 
of steps but of style too. If one 
wanted to be pernickety, it 
could be mentioned that once 
or twice in this performance 
Tucker tended to poke her 
bead forward a little, giving a 
slightly ungainly finish to her 
otherwise good line. That 
apart, the sunny confidence 
with which she accomplished 
the bravura passages and the 
calm serenity of her bearing 
were a delight 
The cast as a whole look 
happy "in this demanding 
wort, and in the other ballets 

too. The saddest loss for the 
audience was Geisey Kirk- 
land's inability, because of a 
fractured foot to dance in The 
Dream, a ballet for which a 
short extract at a gala a few 
years ago had proved her 
superbly well suited. 

As a consolation, her re- 

placement was Antoinette 

sense of youthful radiance 
seen in a programme illustra- 
tion of them at the premiere, 
all of 22 years ago, restored 
their air of equal authority in 
roles made to enshrine her 
rhapsodic rapture and his 
mixture of command, caprice 
and mystery. 

libley. radiantly more at ease 
than she had been at the 
revival's, premiere, when I 
thought that an appearance of 
strain or pain had made her 
seem . more Giselle than 

This time she and Anthony 
Dowell, although ihey have 
long - outgrown the amazing 

Among the rest of the cast, 
let me single out Deirdre 
Eyden and Ross MacGibbon 
as the lovers Hermia and 
Lysander, sweetly carrying off 
their scene of settling down for 
the night in the woods: one of 
Ashton's most exquisite in- 
ventions. . ' 

John Percival 

•- he 

« C- read- 

?: Concerts* ' ; Bochmann 


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'-After Arvo Klrt, the Almeida- 
-7 Festival has im mediately pro- 
-duced another' 'composer, 
barely known in this country, 

* wtw is worthy of notice. 

Francisco -Guerrero is Span- 
-’ish. and Tike his ifrtitcentury 
^namesake he composes music 
-that is intense and immediate- 
■ dy arresting. Music Projects/ 
r London, directed as enthusi- 

astically as ever by Ricbard 
l threei 


- -Bernas, presented three of his 
r wodcs. all of them commend- 
c'ably blunt in what they had to 
-:say. . . 

. -—Actus, composed in 1978, 
:: unites mathematical and 'Am- 
irsical processes d la Xenakis. It 
is scored for four groups (each 
r consisting of T a particular 
a stringed instrument), a pair of 
; muted trombones and a con-. 

ira-bassoon. These last con- 
r. ttibuie. 10 put it politely, some 
'■'yaw sounds, and the strings 
^-enmesh ihemsdves . ra ml 
manner of theatrical devices — 
high.overlapping giissandi, for 

in Xoiaid^s maski otyeciive 
^ calculation and- rude gestures 
* miraculously (use to create a 
wort of gut strength and 
indisputable imagination. The 
same qualities were apparem 
-in die rather more complex 
Animas C (scored for wood- 
wind, brass and percussion), 
only yet more brutally so. 

In between we heard a work 
of a completely different na- 
ture. Erotica 41978). is a brief 
setting of a 12th-century Arab-. 
Andalusian text for mezzo- 
soprano (Mary King) and 
guitar (David Harvey). Guer- 
rero’s ravishiiigly ornamented 
vocal line feels like a purely 
instinctive response. . 

(wish it were possible to be 
as enthusiastic over the pieces 
beard in the later of Saturday's 
two concerts. -But the endless 
heterophoay of Josfe Evan- 
gelista's Clos de vie, a tribute 
to the murdered.. Canadian 
composer Claude Vi vier, pro- 
ved painfully boring, while 
Edoarda Perez Masada’s El 
Hierro y la Luz, though more 
technically resource ml, 
amply uninspired. 

Purcell Room 

Almeida Theatre 


There may be other British- 
based siring quartets who can 
deliver a weight of tone and 
intensity of expression compa- 
rable to the Bochmann Quar- 
‘ tel, but the results can verge 
dangerously close to a crudity 
which never seems to threaten 
this remarkable group. They 
also have the ability to play 
consistently in tune, to an 
extent whidt makes you fotget 
just how cruelly demanding 
the string-quartet medium is 
in this way. 

.All of which paid magnifi- 
cent dividends in Schumann's 
Piano Quintet, showing that 
there is nothing amorphous in 
Schumann's chamber-music 
textures when the playing is as 
involved and purposeful as 
this. Bernard Roberts’s ac- 
count of the piano part was a 
pleasure in itself — absolutely 
alert rhythmically, and phra- 
sed with an incisiveness which 
complemented the trenchant 

The Almeida Festival’s crash- 
course in Arvo Pan is succeed- 
ing to the extent that many 
more music-lovers must now 
be aware of the 50-year-old 
Estonian and his gloomy, 
mystical music. But, whereas 
^Johannes Passion com- . ^ uree _ And F ; mres 
pelted respect for its stark quartet, offering static harmo- 

illnstrating) the Latin “Credo” 
text as a dirge of four-part 
male homophony. at least had 
the solemn impassivity of a 
Machaut Mass, to which its 
harmonies bore some resem- 
blance. Motette fitr de la 
Matte, however, wrapped a 
counter-tenor recitative up in 
a succession of violin and 
viola arpeggio exercises — 
practised very slowly, of 

. sweep of the string-playing. 

" ink of a work 



9 JUNE-6 JULY 86 

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c . , n ii-i , h is bard to think 
Stepnen rCttltt more perfectly on terms with 
.itself than Ravel's String 
Quartet The Bochmann’s 
style may not have brought 
out the last ounce of finesse in 
the slow movement, but their 
approach to the finale - biting 
accents, furious whirling pas- 
sages* ork — was a reminder 
that an dement of ferocity is 
seldom all that for behind the 
surface of Ravel’s music 
..Michael Bochmann, the 
quartet’s leader, gave, us an 
ingenuous spoken introduc- 


ALiitiSA ST - I5UH6T0H- tflUbOHMI 1TA- 


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j?r. JAMES’S ; - ; ; 

8 King Street, London SWL /teh 01-839 9B60 
- Monday 16 June at 11 am and 250 pjn. . 

- - 'KwsdajflTfuiw rtlb^am " _ ~T : _ 

Vfednwda y 18 j nne at 1(130 am- 

; • ltnnsday . 
;f; ; AM) 20th CENTURIES ^ • 

FridayZOJniie -atllajn.. .. . . 


' EngStxertis^ open for jhewiag on Sundays 

‘from 2 pm to Span. 

. r hry^ fiSQmhKepsmEum is open for riewiig im Mondays 
aatil7 nm For infonraadou on the18 sales, tins, week . 

- -' j4cs*setd*pboneftl-5817611 

have 25 focal-offices in-tfaeUK. Ifapn would 
13® to know tijeoaniE of yotttzieajest representative 


simplicity, the succession of 
short pieces heard since has 
raised doubts about whether 
Pan has either the range or the 
technical expertise to sustain 
an international reputation. 

Not quite everything per- 
formed so conscientiously by 
the Hilliard Ensemble and the 
instrumental group Chame- 
leon in Thursday night's offer- 
ing was hearse-paced. The 
jolly little Cantate Domino 
canticum novum , for instance, 
bad a madrigaliafl rhythmic 
verve, and its sharp- timbred 
scoring recalled Stravinsky. 
But elsewhere, with, mind and 
ears trapped inside one of 
Part’s repetitive contempla- 
tions of eternity, one could 
only brood on the patchy 
quality of his basic thematic 
inspirations. Spiegel im Spie- 
gel was a violin and piano 
work of such staggering banal- 
ity — a half-speed imitation of 
the Bach/Gounod Ave Maria 
without the jokes — that it 
must have been embarrassing 
to both players involved. 

Summa, setting (but never 

nies and a violin tune played 
unconvincingly in harmonics, 
literally droned on for 15 
minutes with the compulsive 
excitement of a toothache. 

Pan - is more interesting 
when he sounds involved. An • 
den Wassem zu Babylon does 
not actually set Psalm 137 at 
all; presumably for political 
reasons, vowel sounds make 
only “coded references" (and 
Part’s code does not have the 
rhythmic ebullience of 
Morse). But the impassioned 
sonority of the chording spoke 


L’incoronazione di 



Peter Hairs 1984 production 
returns with its rosy, appeal- 
ing view of I st-century 
Rome's amoral tusslings. In a 
warmly-lit courtyard furni- 
shed with plants, fountains 
and cushions the mortals play 
out the courtesan's triumph 
with subtlety and restraint. 
The device of retaining the 
deities throughout, to watch 
the advance or decline of their 
favourites from balconies, 
adds to the feeling of classical 

There are typically inven- 
tive touches. Pbppea's bath in 
milk, done with sly peekaboo 
wit, certainly helps to flesh out 
the ambitious lady's character, 
and Nero's celebration of 
Seneca's death is turned into a 
jnacho drinking contest of 
knockabout farcical quality: 
just the thing to tickle the 
post-prandial fancy of the 
Glyndeboume patrons. 

But generally the principals 
perform unimpeded by com- 
plicated stage manoeuvres. 
Some take more advantage of 
this freedom than others; as in 
1984, Maria Ewing takes most 
advantage of all. One might 
imagine that a woman who 
rose to rule an empire through 
capilivating its emperor 
would display at least a token 
degree of external charm, but 
this Poppea was self-centred. 

Taking liberties: Neil Wilson, Maria Ewing 

petulant and unsmiling from 
beginning to end. The voice 
was consistent with the char- 
acterization: bending Monte- 
verdi's exquisite chromatic 
lines into unstylish giissandi. 
injecting out-of-scale dynam- 
ics and (when requesting 
Seneca's execution) one ex- 
travagant chest-voice growL. 
and only finding a truly 
beautiful legato in the final 

The American tenor Neil 
Wilson, making his British 
debut as Nero, impressed with 
a suitably sneering demeanour 
and a tough-toned projection 
that could melt pleasingly 
where necessary. He tended to 
stray below pitch, but other- 
wise this was a well executed 
portrayal. Another .American. 
Cynthia Garey. returned to 
the role of the forsaken 
Ouavia with a model demon- 
stration of Monteverdi 

Rebecca Caine's pen Amor. 

the most noticeable of the 
deities, was all the more 
commendable for being deliv- 
ered so securely while she was 
suspended on a high wire. 
Dale Duesing did well to make 
something mellifluous and oc- 
casionally moving of the inef- 
feciual Or lone, and Roderick 
Kennedy's towering Senera 
managed a noble death with- 
out quite mustering ideal 
weight for the philosopher’s 
deepest thoughts. 

Raymond Leppard's con- 
troversially sensuous 1 962 
edition has undergone refur- 
bishing according 10 the taste 
of the present conductor, 
Richard Bradshaw-, who paced 
the music intelligently despite 
some casual tempo pick-ups. 
The main change seems 10 be 
that a mighty battery of 14 
coniinuo players is now en- 
couraged 10 embellish freely 
and fulsomely. 

Richard Morrison 

eloquently. Best of all was the 
985 Stabat 

1985 Stabat Mater for string 
trio and vocal trio. The instru- 
mental interludes double in 
speed each time - possibly 
reflecting the text's increasing 
anguish — and, although 
progress is largely by Part's 
now familiar chains of two- 
part counterpoint, the points 
where all the performers come 
together in long, descending 
laments make a profound 

Richard Morrison 

lion to the String Quartet No 3 
other Christopher. 

by "his brother 
The work itself turned out to 
be written in a cogent post- 
Bartokian idiom; if the first 
two of its three movements 
seemed to lack an individual 
voice; the third made much 
out of its imaginative" inter- 
play between' concentrated, 
long-spun melodic lines and 
inscrutable bare octaves. 

Malcolm Hayes 


Waiting for 

Drill Hall 



... (Cba^feCNa 23132?) 
‘Tkrfiarf dqs vtt yar 

smog the lappied of ter St 
Ycbr gnA ax net fte 

(Ssnihesaesof dyag into a' 

Thn* poi^Bia vMk fom a 

They- ire- q u o t e d here b 
ftfluAB j hlug Id you far Sit ted 
support 00 ivdrich aa ate de- 
peris. . 

\ - ‘-Atari 

In the six years of its existence, 
the worthy aim of the Black 
Theatre Cooperative has been 
to encourage black artists and 
(a taller order, this) black 
audiences. Sad to relate, their 
current production seems un- 
likely to’ win them many 
artistic laurels; while when I 
saw a a section of the audience 
handsomely undercut the low- 
est standards of behaviour I 
had previously witnessed in 
any theatre. 

It is a novel experience for a 
critic to be sworn at before his 
notice appears and when an 
entire row of young “audi- 
tors” declines 10 keep quiet 
during the performance, it is 
time to question the point of 
remaining. I left at the inter- 
val and so — with apologies to 
the company — this review is 
of the first half only. 

Yemi Ajibade’s historical 
drama, which he. directs him- 
self. with Burt Caesar, is 
admittedly short on the kind 
of action that might hold the 
average CSE student A glance 
at the programme assures one 
that like Godot Hannibal 
will make no appearance. 

With the great elephant-man 
occupied in isolating Rome 
from her allies, the home front 
is being held together by 

Id a Carthage economically 
rendered by Andrea Montag’s 
mock-ups of Phoenician mu- 
rals, we find the governor 
Hasdrubal Gisco (Bob Phil- 
lips) attempting to cement an 
African alliance against the 
armies of Scipio and the 
traitor Massinisa. To this end 
he marries his daughter 
Sopbonisba (Judith Jacob) to 
the Numidian King Syphax 
(Willie Payne); overcoming 
her initial reluctance, she 
makes a rousing speech on her 
new husband's behalf, promis- 
ing, inter alia, “a green 
revolution": and at halHime 
the Pan-Africans look likely to 
get a result- 

Mr Ajibade's script occu- 
pies a peculiar twilight zone 
between Livy and Flaubert, 
with entire Alps of exposition 
rearing up in the path of the 
human entanglements — tric- 
ked out with (straight-faced) 
lines such as “It's not the 
Romans again, is it?”. The 
effect of being plunged head- 
long into an overwritten dy- 
nastic novel could have been 
saved by more compelling 
playing, especially from the 
men; the thing bumps and 
grinds along to little purpose. 

Martin Cropper 


Unlike other airlines. Eastern^ Tate saver' fares from Gatwick 
to Miami are not restricted to certain days of the week. 

If you book within three days of departure, you can travel on 
any day of the week you like, from 1 June to 30 September 1986. 

For just £159. 

Buy your return ticket at the same time and well fly you there 
and back for a mere £318. 

At Eastern we consistently offer you Ihe best deal. 

Pay in, day out. 

The wings of the Americas 



f . 




Tension as 

Continued from page 1 

Despite the continuing high 
rate of deaths since the impo- 
sition of the emergency, Mr 
Mellct contended that the 
“number of separate incidents 
of violence" was showing “a 
downward trend". He was 
unable to produce any statis- 
tics to substantiate this claim. 

The Durban bombing has 
reinforced fears that the vio- 
lence will increasingly spread 
to white areas, and that the 
ANCs campaign of insurgen- 
cy warfare will assume a much 
more overtly terrorist 

With the approach of 
today's anniversary, many 
schools in white areas have 
been drilling their children in 
what to do in case of attack. 

At one school in the Johan- 
nesburg area, for example, 
pupils have been trained to 
take shelter under their desk at 
a given number of rings on the 
school bell. 

Large numbers of blacks are 
expected to stay away from 
work today in response to calls 
from trade unions and black 
political organizations to com- 
memorate the Soweto 

Some companies, including 
the Anglo American mining 
and industrial conglomerate, 
have given their black em- 
ployees the day oft 

Other companies have said 
they will take no disciplinary 
action if workers stay away, 
but will dock their pay. 

Mr Mellet said the Govern- 
ment regarded June 16 as a 
normal working day and the 
security forces would provide 
“full protection" against any 
form of intimidation by 

“I would like to make the 
point that the Government is 
in control of the situation. 
There should be no doubt 
about that." 

Mr Mellet also announced I 
that “all bona fide church 
services" would be permitted 
today. He refused to define, 
what a bona fide church 
service was, but it can be 1 
presumed that it would ex- 
clude political speech-making 
and the display of anti-govern- 
ment banners and slogans. All 
other meetings, both indoors 
and out, to commemorate 
June 16 are banned. 

Defying the world, page 12 

Today’s events 

Tense times on the croquet lawn 

Village Voice 

lesson in economics 

This week Victor Zorza, in his Monday column 
about life in a remote Himalayan village, tells bow 
seed potatoes brought prosperity to the vfflagers 
and how technical progress robbed mem or it 

rri 6 


i • 

. . V , 

Steven Mulliner, of Great Britain, displaying his finesse and precision at the Cheltenham Croquet Club yesterday in his win 
match against John Prince, the New Zealand captain, in the MacRobertson Shield series (Photographs: Chris Harris). 

Even the poorest famili es benefited 
from the. village's unique crop, which 
was the source of its prosperity. But the 
crop also made the village vulnerable-. 

The steep mountains and , the rocky 
soil yielded seed potatoes of rare 
quality. The villagers had heard that, 
when planted in the plains, each of their 
potatoes produced 50 others. Merchants 
came all the way from the town to. the 
foothills to buy their produce, but paid 
them little Why, the villagers asked 
themselves, should they let these outsid- 
ers grow fat ou their hard-won crops? 

But it was just- talk. -The merchants’ 
heavily-laden mules took several days 
to make the journey over difficult 
mountain trades from the village to 
town. Few villagers ever ventured that 
far. Only Ram Saran, whose ancestors 
had been village headmen, had the self- 
confidence to' try to . beat the merchants 
at their own game. 

He went to town, made inquiries, 
confimed that the villagers were bring 
grossly underpaid^ and then tried to seH 
his potatoes directly to the wholesalers. 
They were not interested in such small 

Ram Sarah refused to give up. He ' 
returned to the village, persuaded some 
of his neighbours, to entrust their 
potatoes to him, and borrowed money . 
to hire mules. The wholesalers took him 
more seriously now: He became a 
middleman. The village knew he would, 
not cheat it as outsiders always did. 

The villagers’ prosperity grew. The 
mules which departed with potatoes., 
brought back rice,; lentils and vegetables 
■which do not grow at such high 
altitudes. The villagers knew nothing of 
proteins and vitamins, but their diet 
became healhier and disease less fre- 
quent. When they had any money left 
after buying feed, they purchased buffa- 
loes and cows. During lean years they 
sold off cattle to pay for food.' When 
good times returned, they purchased 
more cattle. 

They could afford to build spacious 
huts with broad verandahs which faced 
the warm sun in the winter and were 
open, to coding breezes in the summer. 
Craftsmen came from afar and were 
generously rewarded for the intricately 
carved pillars winch they put up to 
support the yerandah roofs. The high 
prices paid for their potatoes enabled 
the villagers to take in their stride the 
losses they often sustained when wild 
animals from the forest raided their 

Ram Saran acquired half a dozen 
buffaloes, 20 cows and a horse. When 
wholesalers tried to manipulate the 
marked to force down the price; he ' 

pyiiaii y oiitspiarted them. He knew that 
no other village in the area could 
produce seed potatoes of similar 


Then a wholesaler informed him that 
the Govenmem was building cold 
storage plants for potatoes, it would 
now be possible, the merchant ex- 
plained, to store potatoes all the year 
round. The high price commanded by 
the village potatoes, he said, was bound' 
to faH- 

Ram did not believe any of it. The 
merchants, hetold the villagers,, were up 
to their u s ua l tricks. He held out, and in 
the end got the money be wanted. 

But- next year the cold stores were 
filled with new, high-yield varieties of 
seal potatoes lately introduced in tbc- 
pbins. Ram Saran again refused to pan 
with the village's crop at the price the 
wholesaler offered. He bargained and 
— while prices continued to fell, 
seed potato market, quite distinct 
from the vegetable market which dealt 
in potatoes for domestic consumption 
at a fraction of the cost, was glutted. 
Ram Saran’s potatoes began to rot in the 
heat. In the end he sold them in the veg- 
etable market at a price several times 
lower dan he used to get in the past 
The villagers sold cattle to buy the 
food they needed until the next harvest 
When prices remained low next year, 
they sold more cattle: It took them 
several years to realize that their 
prosperity would never return. They 
knew now how unwise they had been to 
rely on a single crop for their income. 

They had not done so from choice. 
The natural conditions that had made it 
possible for. them to produce the best, 
seed potatoes had also made it difficult 
to raise any other crops except wheat, 
and that they could grow only in small 
quantities. The grain harvest, never 
sufficient for their own needs, could not 
replace the income from the potatoes. 

The progress which brought with it 
cold storage plants, and which made 
more food available to those who - 
needed it, deprived the village of the_ 
income dial used to feed it ~ 

Ram Saran, an old man now, sits on 
the verandah of his hut and recalls the 
past without bitterness. Village life, he 
says, has always been insecure, at the 
mercy of the elements and of outside 
forces over whicta poor folk have no 
control. “We have to make the best of - 

Life here is now harder than in any- 
other village in the area. The wealthiest :J 
village has-become the poorest 
© 1986, Victor Zorn 
Victor Zona, now on holiday in En- 
gland, win resume his in the 


*4- ■> 

7Z' fl n 


Royal engagements 
The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh attend a Service for 
the Order of the Garter, St 
George's Chapel, Windsor. 3. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother, Prince and Princess 
Michael of Event attend a Ser- 
vice for the Order of the Garter, 
St George’s Chapel, Windsor. 3. 

New exhibitions 

The “Jazz” Suite by Matisse; 
Aberdeen Art Gallery, 
Schoolhili, Aberdeen; Mon to 

Sat 10 to 5, Thuis 10 to 7, Son 2 
to S (ends July 24). 

Sky and Sea: Paintings by 
Frederick Cuming; Poor Priest's 
Hospital. Stour St, Cantertary; 
Mon to Sal 10.30 to 4 (ends June 

Exhibitions in progress 

Watercolours by J Fletcher- 
Watson; Windrush House. Nr 
Burford, Oxom Mon to Sat 1 1 to 
5 (ends July 13). 

Ceramics, Paintings and 
drawings by Robin Welch; The 
City Museum and Art Gallery. 
Bethesda St, Hanley. Stoke on 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,073 


1 Valiant he would be to re- 
form the monstrous beast 

6 On abandoning an in- 
strument. becomes a singer 

9 American lawyer in affray 
case using boring device {7) 

10 Initially the intended object 
of ten old householders (7) 

11 A service rejected in the 
Brahmaputra valley? (5) 

12 Old sailor made King in 
Laputa (9) 

13 Soldiers under eighteen go- 
ing to the line (S) 

15 Resonant sound useful in 
filming (4) 

19 The opposite of 18. this 
word, when it's 28 (4j 

20 Male employee of old rail- 
way employed as course 
director (8) 

23 Madman baled out with 
small child (9) 

24 Drink sailor knocked back 
in dance (S) 

26 Cockney artist's colourful 
exhibition 17) 

27 Sudden temptation to buy 
large quantity of beans? (7) 

28 Northern Ireland boy 

' returning to the Republic (5) 

29 A name Hera adapted for an 
Asian princess (9) 


1 Book-keeper good for a ref- 
erence. perhaps? (9) 

2 Vessels indispensable at first 
in a European uprising (5) 

3 Gangster supplying weapons 
— causing panic (8) 

4 Semi-technical word for a 
short holiday (4-4) 

5 Essential quality Landor 
loved more than Art (6) 

6 Cloaked avenger's personal 
servant (6) 

7 There's space yet remaining 
for the housekeeper’s stores 

8 Slops being associated with 
this journal? (5) 

14 Abandoned in infancy and 
discovered by a girl (9) 

16 Set game — Anne's in her 
dement (9) 

17 Gaines counter contents al- 
ways make us excited (8) 

18 Claim to be thorough, if un- 
seemly (8) 

21 Cut mane of horse — and 
upset soldiers? (6) 

22 Poles supported this house 
of Nokomis (6) 

23 Counter-acting joint (5) 

25 Profit commonly made 
from fruit (5) 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,072 
will appear 
next Saturday 


Trent Mon to Sat 10.30 to 5, 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends September 21). 

Disappearing Forest Wildlife: 
the threat to the World's Wood- 
lands and their Wildlife; The 
Yorkshire Museum, Museum 
Gardens, York; Mon to Sat lOto 
5. Sun 1 to 5 (ends 3 1st October 


Jazz concert by Lee Konitz, 
John Taylor. Dave Green and 
Trevor Tomkins; St David's 
Hall. Cardiff, 7 JO. 

Organ recital by David Wilks; 
St Bartholomew's. Armley, 
Leeds. 8. 

Iolanihe by Lincoln Gilbert 
and Sullivan Sodety, Lincoln 
Castle. Castle Hill, 8. 


AJresford 900 Years On: 
celebrations in honour of 
Domesday; Alresford Town, for 
information ring (096 273) 

Antique Fair. Town Hall, 
Bakewell, Derbyshire. 10 to 5. 

Internationa] Ceramics Fair, 
The Dorchester, Park Lane, Wl, 
11 to 8. 

The week’s walks 

Today: Allays and Bye-Ways of Old 
London, meet St Pours Underground, 
11am; Roman London, maet Tower KM 
Underground. 2pm; inside Dicker's Lon- 
don - Grays Inn to □towns' House, meet 
Hteborn Underground. 2pn. 

Tomorrow . Magic Square M»e -Centuries 
of City History, meet St Pad's Under- 
ground. Harm Waft along The Regent’s 
Canal to Paddington, meet Camden Town 


Underground, 6.15pm. 

... -- t 1 ,^ of court . England's 
~ \ meet Chancery Lane 
.. 11am; Hidden London at 
Old Gale, meet Aldgate Under- 
llam: Life to Mackerel London: 
_ and Prosperity, meet Musetan of 
Lo n don. 2.30pm. 

Ttasday: Theatricat/Literary Covent Gar- 
den. meet H tribom Undarsyound. 11am; 
wasting tour of CtortonweB, meet 
CtatamKfl Uait t a g a Centre. 2 3C 
Friday: The Histone Charm at C 
VBage. meet Stoane Square Under- 
ground. llam; Tudor and Eteabethan 
London: "Rower of Coes Ml", meet 
Museum of Loudon. 230pm; A Charles 
DKkens Pi* warn, meet Tempi# Under- 

Nature notes 

. Caterpillars of many species 
of moths are swarming over the 
oaks: as many as halfa million 
caterpillars have sometimes 
been recorded on large trees. 
Especially common in some 
woods are the hump-backed- 
green caterpillars of the winter 
moth: they drop to the ground 
and pupate among the dead 

Families of starlings and of 
blue and great tits feed vora- 
ciously on a teeming supply of 
food. All these birds are usually 
single-brooded, and some male 
great tits, whose young are now 
independent have started sing- 
ing again. 

The tall meadow buttercups 
are coming into fill] flower as the 
squat bulbous buttercups de- 
cline; apart from their height 
they can be distinguished by the 
of the 

way in wtuen the si. 
bulbous buttercup turn back 
and stand away from the flow- 

Bird’s-foot trefoil, another 
yellow (lower with a red or 
orange tinge is common on 
grassy banks. Common spotted 
orchid, with its blotchy leaves, is 
opening on roadsides: the pale 
pink fragrant orchid is out on 
chalk hills. DJM 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Debate on 
Opposition motion on big city 
hospitals. European Commu- 
nities (Amendment) Bill, 
progress on remaining stages. 
Lends (2.30): Agriculture Bill, 
committee, second day. 


London and too aouto oast M25: 
Contraflow continues between Junctions 
l8(ChorieymxxD and 18 (Hunton Bridge). 
Hertfordshire. (Mays on Ml and MtSTn 
orbital road. 

TTJB M Mbrate Ml: Ccrtraflow 
roadworks continue between junctions 15 
andl 6. nr Northam p ton. MS: Various lane 
restrictions and soma overnight carriage- 
way closures between junctions 4 (Bir- 
mingham) and 8 (1460 and S Wales turn 

amt An Wash IBs Contraflow 
between Junctions 8 and 10. Gloucester- 
shire. two lanes to each dtoactfon reduced 
to one at ttona due to road repairs. A13: 
ament work with temporary traffic 
at TMiay on Launceston to 

■n» North: MB* Major widening contin- 
ues with single tana operation in both 
directions between interiors 1 and 2 
araindj&aater Manchester area. Aipfc 
Contraflow due to resurfacing work, 
between AycSfte and Burtrea. Gouty 
Durham. N bound carriageway and appro- 
priate sliproeds dosed, traffic on S bound 

M74L- N of Blackwood access, 
road construction has dosed S bound 

eamagaway, two 
Road roaligom ent 
Hand I 

N bound. AMS 

, kwameas- 


Births: Arthur Meigbea, 
Prime Minister of Canada 1 920- 
21 was born at Anderson. 
Ontario, 1874. 

Deaths: John Chnrdull, 1st 
Duke of Marlborough, Windsor, 
1722; Joseph Butler, bishop and 
philosopher, Bath, 1732; 
Charles Start, explorer, 
Cheltenham, 1869; Margaret 
Bond field, trade union leader, 
first woman Cabinet Minister 
(Minister of Labour 1929), 
Sanderstead. Surrey, 1953; John 
Retth, 1st Baron Keith, first 
director-general of the BBC, 
1927-38, Edinburgh. 1971. 


iw .? *■' 

An anticyclone wilt re- 
main over Scandinavia 
and a trough of -tow 
pressure will- approach 
-western Britain from the 
Atlantic later. .... 

6 am to midnight 

Dry at.flrn with hazy. 

r snowarsi - ,_ 


sunshine, thundery showers davetoptng; 
.wind E or SEitflht or moderate; m a x tem p 
28 G (82FV . 

Central S, SW E nga nd, Channel to- 
tems, 8 Wates: Dry with sunny periods, 
boastal tag patches, thundery showers 
.developing later: wind vartaUe, rarity SE 

Ight max Onto Z7C (8 IE) .cooler on 

E, NE England. Borders, 

D un de e : Dry. aunny 1 " ■*- J " 

patches, perh 


28C (S2F) cooler on coasts. 

N Wales. MW I 
Isle of Man: Dry. sunny periods. thundwy 

showers developing Man wind SE ight or 

moderate; max temp Z7C (81 FL 

fi fi ■ - — Hn. m CMh Itrnllaeiil 

iwwoUBi wmy ram, nc aconana, 

Dry. sunny periods, 

gr SE moderate; max 

coastal log: wind S or 
term 21C 

SW, NW Scotland, 


cloudy wrto ou&maks of thundery nd 

places later ward S or SE fight 

moderate; max temp 34C (7T“ 

OuHook lor tomorrow and 

continuing very hot and 
outbreaks of thundery rain. 

or oc ogre or 

iadWadne ada y: 
nd hunid ami 

- 1/40 am 
Fdfl moon June 22 

£04 pm 

High Tides 


London Bridga 8.35 
AlMdean 8.16 

Avernnoom 10 s 

Belfast 504 

Canflff 1.10 


6.1 844 60 
36 ais ZA 
100 202 100 
30 606 £8 

10.1 1j47 
- 1227 



Mtfue sky: bc-biue-u. 
cloudy: o-ov«rcasb r- 1 ., 
had: m-mist r-raln; . 
trumdersttn-ra: p-showers. 
Arrows show wind dire 

Li ghting -up time 

— tr nphi 

dhe atoo. wi nd 
drded* 1 — i-reflirf* 





' < 



• - 









' I* ■ 














* - i 


4.7 10.19 


















* a 





* .* 



102 ' 





‘ * 





•1 • . 











3 J 








40 1100 

4 A 

"te ■ 



600 . 


' a 


e London's Finest Old Shops 
around Mayfair, meet Green Part: Under- 
ground Ham: A London Vtttoge - Hamp- 
stead, meet H ampste ad Underground. 
2pm: Charles Dickens' Literary London, 
meet SL Paul's Underground. 200pm. 
Sunday: Wafting tour of ClerkenwaB. 
meet Oarke n aiBU Heritage Centre, llam; 
London's Ghosts. Alleys and Odddies. 
meet Embankment Underground. 

The pound 

Austria Set) 
Belgium fr 

ftwwil, 5 

Denmark Kr 
Prance Fr 


Hong Kong 3 
intend Pt 
Haty Lira 
Japan Yen 
Hctherfaadi G!d 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
8ouih Africa Hd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Fr 

Yugoslavia Ore 

Rates tor small denomination bar* notes 
only as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 
DiHeronr rales apply to travellers' 
cheques and other tori 

Retad Price Index: 388 

London: The FT Index dosed op S£ at 

1313.7 on Friday 

Maw York-- 7 ho Dow Jonas industrial 
awaoe closed up XM at W 4 . 13 . 
ou~ ' 























11. SO 























reign currency 

Times Portfolio Cold ndn are ae 

1 Times PortfoDo a tree. Purtmase 
or The Times h not a condition of 
taking pan. 

2 Times Portfolio list c o um r l sts a 
group or puMic companies wnose 
shares are ttsted «m the Slock 
Exchange and Quoted in The Times 
Stock Exchange prices page. The 
companies romprlslnq mat Its! win 
change (ram day to day. The OSt 
i which Is numhered 1 - 44) b divided 
Into tow- randomly dbtrlbuied groups 
of 1 1 shares. Every Portfolio card 
contains rwo numbers from each 
group and earn card conulns a 
lot woe set of numbers 

3 Times Portfolio -dtvMend* wfl] be 
the figure in pence which represents 
me optimum movement in prices iIjb. 
the larged increase or lowest I own of a 
comm nation of eMM 'two from each 
randomly msuitmled group within the 
40 shares! of the 44 shares which on 
any one day comprise The Times 
Portfolio list. 

4 The dally dividend wiu be 

announced each day and Uie weekly 
dividend will be announced each 
S a tur day in The Times. . 

5 Times Portfolio Us! and details of 
the daily or weekly dividend win also 
be available for luapecdon at the 
offices of The Times. 

holding those corabti 

7 All dams are subject to scrawny 
before payment. Any Times Portfolio 
card that s defaced, tampered with or 
inc or rectly prmled In any way will be 
declared voml 

8 Employees of News tntemanonai 
Pic and Its suhsMiarics and of 
Europrtnl Group Limited {producers 
and dislrtbulors of He card I or 
members of their Immediate families 
are not allowed to May Times 

9 ah p ar tic ip ants wm be subfect to 
these nuw. All instructions on "how 
1o ptav" and “howto claim" whether 
puDnsncd lb The Times or in Times 
Portfolio cards will be deemed to be 
part of these Rules. The Editor 
reserves ihr now lo amend the Rules. 

tt> in anv dispute. The Editor's 
decision Is mud and no correspon- 
dence will be entered into. 

II IT for any reason The Times 
Prices Rage is not punished In the 
normal way Times Portfolio win be 
‘ J for Dim day. 

On each day your unique sec of eight 
numbers wm - represent co m me r cial 
and industrial snares pteWtsbcd in The 
Times portfolio tw which will appear 
on the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

to the columns provided next to 
your shares note Ute price change t+ 
or in pence, as p n btt sh ed In that 
day's Tunes. 

After Hating the 'price changes of 
your eight sham for that day. add up 
all right share changes to give you 
your overall total plus or mums (+ or - 

Check your overall meal amrinst The 
Times Portfolio dividend published on 
the ~ - ' 

II your overall total matches The 
Times Portfolio dividend you have 
won outright or a share of the total 
prize money stated for that day and 
must claim your prize as instructed 

Hew to play - 

Monday-Saturday record your daily 
Portfolio toUL 

Add these together to det e r min e 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

If your local matches the published 
weekly dividend figure you have won 
outright or a share of the prize money 
slated tor tnat week, and must totem 
your prize an instructed below. 

Hm (9i cul l 

mmSSu^nie Thou 
No cteteu can be accepted outside men 

Vou must have your card with you 
whai you iteeohone. 

If you are unable to telephone 
someone rtse can claim on your behalf 
but they must have your Card and cab 
The Tunes Portfolio .claims Une 
between uie stipulated tones. 

no responsioiuty can be a cce pte d 
for failure to contact me claims office 
tor any reason within the staled 

.The above Instructions arc ap- 
pUcaMe lo both duly and weekly 
dividend ctetoK. 

London 900 pm ta 4.13 am . 
Bristol 909 pm to 423 am . 
Edtabrngh 1031 pm to 306 am 
‘ sr 10.10 pm tn409 am 
1004 pm to 4.42 an 

Around Britain 


Sun Rain Max 
hre in C F 


IfcfiMdusinn fi 4 

mUMrl WUll Sal 
_ nJ 

at midday yatfsRtaw: c, 
, iter; r, rein: a, sun. 

C F 

a 21 70 Gnamaay 
8 2373 tawmaaa 
6 2475 J er sey - 
S 2475 London .. 

S 2272 Mtxdtstar 
s 1763 New cas tle 
8 2475 Rtddavrey 

Ma r ga te- 130 


SMuniay: Tamp: max 6 am to 6 pm . 24C 
~ j mjn 6 tan to 6 Hn,14C^S7F) 

GfScSty- 6 pm, 41 par cent Rake 
6 pm. fW Sum 24 hr to 6 pm. 
moan saa tarot, B pm. 1027 

100 Bar, 

1 .000 matters* 29 03m. 

19 66 sunriy 

21 70 «nw 

18 84 sway 

20 68 sunny 
17 63 svmny 

21 70 sunny 
‘23 73 swny 

22 72 sunny 

22 72 aurmy, 
24 .75 sunny 
24 75 sumy 

23 73 sunny 
22 72 aunriy ' 

21 70 Bunny ' 

22 72 sunny 

23 73 sunny 

19 -65 sunny:. 

- 23 73 aunny '• 
21 70 sunny 
20- 88 sunny 

20 88 Btmny - 
. 21 70 sunny 

Sun Rain Max 
tea h C F 
m a u ta b a 50 - 17 63 

Tenby 70 01 21 70 

CotaiyuBay 100 - 16 61 

50 - 20 68 

30 04 17 63 




sunny . 





2.7 02 21 '70 drizzle 

70 - 19 66 bright 

40 - 22 72 bricyit 

Tbog 24 04 14 57 tog 

Stofimnv ' 00 - 14 57 rit&tte 

Lamfck 90 - 14 57 sumy 

Wick . . 50 - 18 64' txigW 

Ktetoas 128 - 23 73 sunny 

Thaaa an Saturday's B gi ms 

- 2* 75 

- 24 75 

- 25 77 

- 24 75 

- 20 68 

- 19 68 

- 25 77 

- 25 77 

- 25 77 

- 19 88 

.. - - t- 

Highest and lowest 




Satu tbry: 


New Pok ... 

ire highest aunahip®: Hams 

A, temp: 
(79F): lowest day max: 
12 C (64F) Mghast rainfate 

Bond winners 





a 27 81 

WOOAY: c, doud: d, drizzta; f , lair. Ig, log; r, rake a. sun; sn, snow; L Kwnder. 
cp '■■■■■■ 

C F ' G F 

8 28 M M te or ca f 25 77 

S 21 70 Rbdaga a 24 75 

! 30 86 Mata s:.28 79 SFViscn* 

* M 68 Ma ta’ms e 11 S2 aaniteuo* 

3-2S Etawc . spSSF 

e 22 72 Mtem 
r28 82Wte 


Winning numbers in tbe 
weekly dnxw for Premium Bond 
prizes are: £100.000: UBK 
389161 (the holder lives in 
Essex): £50,000: 10PT 986793 
(Cornwall); £25.000: 25AW 
732809 (Newham, East 

a 27 81 c-piwe 
77 Cora 
5 25 77 DuWn 

s 35 95 Faro- 
I 29 64 Rem 

D enatitfa f 



B Aires* 



1 34 sleet 

■ 28 79 



fi 25 77 : 

» 27 81 

fi 23 73 Illa nb U 
9 25 77 Jeddah 
» 28 82 Jatewg* 

S 18 64 Kaacn 
fi 33 91 LPotaot 
'fi 23 73 Lisbon 

s 22 72 Locbrki . 

r 18;84 L Angela: a 20 68 

‘ . 4jhMBbg a 26 7B RtafteJ 
a 27,81 Riyadh, 

c 21 70 
8 20 68 
a 24 75 
f 24 75 Naptaa 
f 31 88-MDaM 

* 25 77 M YortT 

s 28 82 Mea - 
a 35 95 Oato " 

A IS 81 Paris 
f .34 93 Pakfng . 
a 22 72.P«8ir 

4.27 81 ~ 
c 19 66 

C F 
f 23 73 
S 28 82 
C 17 63 
c 11 52 
S 25 77 
c 19-66 
,r 25-77 
a 28 79 
fi 26 79 
I 17 63 
f 23 73 . 

' rfenotea Satarday* flgunium teteA araflttte . 

f 31 88 

c M M 

C Zir DO 

s 22 72 Stmsb’ry 
fi 26 79 tatfetey 
c 23 73 Tangier 
I 25-77 TaiSXt. 
a 38100 Tana rite 
fi-27 81 Tokyo 
c 23- 73 Toronto" 
a 24 75 Tbnb 
,e.25 77-VWsncte 
f 26 79 VaoeW 
e 15 SB Vanted 
s 25 77 Vtaano 
r . 8 46 Wauv _ _ 
s 27 81 WaaMunr f 30 88 
s 25 77 Watam r 843 
fi 38102 Zurich 8 23 73 

r 23 73 
s 25 77 
9 21 70 
9 28 7S 
f 29 84 
r 14.57 
fi 27 81 
S 25-77 
a 24 re 

w L -v 

jS^iftrST— . ■»’ -" • ‘ 

ff — *-.- ■ - • r 


Sr/TX' 'v*: ' 1 ‘ . ’ 

MONDAY JUNE 16 1986 





Signs that 

«nsmaiwd ibcm »*, l 

f*- P v»!iggc m ik,-"^ kr Wi- ■ v 

» —Z %•>* 

i j "hotter infcr-jeti, 
•"* r«j'.rnnsent wa-. 

to a 


From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

^ vcar lhr ctj ^ «oS 
«**■ hagh-y, S* 
^ lateK mir.-cu*?* 

yuct-d ,, 

’“v’C"* " " ,w pnfci c ,j fi ■ inuctj w i 

, > ** wi pouro marl-.*; U(J! , P /' 

sb «*■** 

-•* -T-'.iv; C i **• domwjK %n 

• a fri.'Jt'-H .-if P>-f- .. Su % 

f* T lh ~~ *«• used lo get sm&* 
. V viM car.!?: in C 

. ^ v»u car.itf m w 

_*to- rsedid unul the a «i h* 
PW reward J..u hr,; 
'*»-• cron? can it- I; ■; 
• — reali.v ;h.n . 

... ’.0 reull.V ;hj, 

«aaM never reiurn. r 

*■ Ito* Bnwtv? I he*, had C 

•1;" * V t^' cr ? p fijr *csr incoc^* 
-' "*a not uone so fa.m cfe* 

>• wtfHJmmtv ina: had me 

^•■Sr f'zr then ii> pr.xiu,.- ^ 

' - bad a iso n: <oe u 
rsme J^y ofeer irons .■virpu* 

> -'di j'-vr* could yrou r.i-. mv> 


U.r feeir . r.;v. 

5: sod ;• 

-:i-X irw'/Ottte !to-.i 

• ivoiake 

■ V yv-c: t«. 

; h’. wj 

i v'j-n^r p'uiv.v and 

*3 life E 

til"* 1 

' f , dcyr:ie«! the • 

X-Zi o. r : 

rtrt 10 f.V’J 1: 

te.r V- r . iA J- »-?if 

.~,294&Se qf It; -. I:isi »•- 

J ^■.'34; 

1 * yVyrr \ 


‘ iivsv-s \K‘-:r :: : 

v. \f “.~k r 

: ■••fstt 

r*t -» y: 

:i. hw 

h4W to 

v K 

? * ' '**£* 

^ ! Wflk ' u.'!«ir /j) r/j 
s »:Swr /jffrzx. now on Mfdiici 
sL w -31 fcww* hs* mlamc 


,f *f~ -'•* * 

■it — ■> » 1 «■» «• 

/ The “weaker" dollar's true 
devaluation — measured 
across all US trade, a has been 
less than 10 per cent since 
February. 1985 - has thus 
failed to have any impact In 
increasing US industrial 

• Producer (wholesale) prices 
raseOjd per cent hi May, less 
(fam expected, Since the peak 
last November, the producer 
price index has' fallen from 
to mfc a feB of nearly 
S-per cent a year in the lour 
months. Udfathm has become 
ingrained in the US economic 
system. As of last Thursday, 
the .Commodity Research Boh 
reau index of commodity far 
fares prices was at 204.8. 
virtually the same as the nO- 
txnm tow of fast muter 204. ; 
These tow prices are being 
recorded whale the dollar 
devaluing, the opposite of 
irimt mt^t have been tsepeot- 


The depa t ton fa hound to 
worsen fae immense defabte', 
deu in US. ' r 

/ >j# Dang* : 

‘J£ * 

F'f " 

Kp r 

: - U 

The volume of finanoal 
transactions fas grown so 
immense and the danger from 
a computer ' breakdown . so~ 
acute, that the Federal Re- 
serve has recently taken steps 
to inhibit theise of fatnwtay 
overdrafts when banks pay oot 
on cheques during the day for 
which funds are not cleared 
until that night 

High lid* 




*+***'1 _ 


• Bumness inventories rose 
03 per cent in ApriL The last 
thing the US weds now - is 
more stocks of unsale a b le 

Meanwhile, the yea has 
continued to strengthen 
m wiiwi the dollar. Since the 
tow of 573 cents (174) “the 
week ended May 30, the ywi 
has risen to 6031 cents (166) 
in the week ended June 13. . 
The prospect of a big specula- 
tive nm to fee yen sud away 
from the dollar is the personal 
nightmare of Mr Fanl 
Volcker, the Fed chairman, as 
it fa dear the central hanks 
cannot halt the rise of the yen. 

Fvidently, mside fee Fed fee 
straggle between the Vokfcer 
facom and the Reagui M gaag 
of four" (Johnson, Heller, 
Segar and AngeH) is leading to 
more ontspoken^ comments -fa 
the de jaettt leader of fee 
Reason men, Mr Manuel 

tvovow •.<> * ,fcts 

note of the Fed. Hetsld the 
Senate on Thursday a cut m 
the dfacount rate would be 
required if the economy urn- 

tiuoed to deterimate. ' 

ass :■ 




The chairman of fee Federal 
Deposit Insurance Xqrpo**^ 
tion said on Thursday between 
140 and 160 tanks should fail 
into fee fafled or hej^equiwd 
category in 1986, up from last 
year's record of 120. : ~ 

f actory pay rises down but 

still too high, says CBI 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

V After the US economy infur- 
marionrOeased last week, it is 
dear thehatton is on fee verge 
of a recession. . - 

* The Pofyaimn ^consensus" 
view feat there wtD be a surge 
of growth in fee second half of 
1986 is looking more and more 

CanrifsL • 

Amimg the pointers to a 
recession were: 

;• RetaB sales in May fell 0.1 
.per cent to an annual rate of 
$117.05 billion. This pot retail 
sales a mere 0.16 per cent 
above last Decembers level. 
The peak occurred in Septem- 
ber 1985 - S119.I billion - so 
feat May retail sales were' 
faariy 2 per cent below that 

• Industrial production in 
May feD- 03 per, cent to a 
,-seasonally adjusted' . ‘ index 
number of 1243 (1977=100) | 
which compared wife 323.6 in , 
January 1985. Thus, in fee 
last 16 months, US industrial | 
production has risen 0.49 per 
cen£ a statistically irrelevant 
jtimher. Knee January tills 
year, industrial production has 
fallen 2 per cent : 

Pay rises in manufacturing 
industry this year are averag- 
ing 6.25 per cent, marginally 
lower than a year ago but still 
far too high say fee Govern- 
ment and employers’ leaders. 

Latest pay riser estimates, 
published today by the Con- 
federation of British Industry, 
show that increases are down 
on last year’s 6.5 per cent 
average in manufacturing and 
cover a .wide range, fee bulk 
falling in the 4,5 per cent to 73 
per cent band: 

The new estimates will be 
seen by ministers, as strength- 
ening fee Government's argu- 
ment that what are regarded as 
excessive pay deals under- 
mine attempts to curb 
unemployment. - 
' . r -The CBI pay data tank 
results follow hard; on the 
heels of Last week’s jobless 
figures which revealed an 
upward trend for fee sixth 
month in succession. 

-According to Department of 
Employment figures, average 
earnings in fee year to April 
rose by 8.7. per cent, arid are 
now increasing three times 
faster than inflation. 1 

The annual inflation rate 
published on Friday fell to 2.8 
per cent in May, fee lowest for 
18 years. 

The Government’s tax and 
price index, also published on* 
Friday, rose only marginally 
in fee year, so feat wage 
earners needed a pay rise of 
just 0.9 per cent to maintain 
feeir living standards. 

This is . tartly .reflected in 
the CBI data and the organiza- 
tion said that the cost of living 
— in line wife reductions in 
fee year-onrytar tale of price 
inflation — is receding in 
importance, as an upward 
pressure on pay settlements, 
although it remains fee biggest 

An inability to increase 
prices remains, fee strongsst 
downward pressure on pay. 

. While manufacturing wages 
are rising by 635 per cent, 
those in private services are 
rising even faster. 

Catering, leisure, insurance, 
tanking, finance, retailing, 
transport and communica- 
tion, business and profession- 
al services sectors are showing 
average rises of- 6.75 per cent- 

Sir Terence Beckett; pay 
call unheeded by many 

Lord Young, fee Secretary 
of Stale for Employment, said 
that more jobs would come 
from a more sensible altitude 
towards pay, productivity and 

The CBI's figures would 
appear to indicate tbat not all 
its members are responding to 
itspay message. 

The drop m fee level of pay 
rises since last year of just 035 
per cent is a long way short of 
fee minimum 2 per cent 
decrease in wage rises urged by 
CBI leaders. 

to report heavy losses 

By Our City Staff 

- Aitken Hume, the financial 
services group headed by fee 
Conservative MP Jonathan 
Aitken, will test the loyalty of 
its shareholders this week 
when it unveils a big loss for 
the last financial year, and fee 
. passing of its final dividend. 

The full measure of its 
difficulties will be contained 
in the defence document re- 
sisting fee £80 million take- 
over bid from the Tranwood 

. Estimates in fee City had 
ranged from a loss of £2 
million to a profit of £3 
million but the outcome, after 
charging large exceptional and 
extraordinary items, is likely' 
to an overall loss of about £8 

The board realizes that 
reporting such a heavy loss' 
while on the receiving end of a 
bid will not encourage share- 
holders -to remain loyaL But 
fee defence document is 
bound to point out that after 
the uuumatic events of recent 
months and various top-level 
management departures; fee 
company is now on a growth 
course. The figures for last 
year will he represented as a 
tidying-up operation. 

Investors will be keen to 
learn of the progress of fee 
American food management 
arm, NSR— which has attract- 
ed fee predatory attentions of 

Mr Nick Oppenbeim, fee 
financier who heads the Tran- 




Church investment 
income up to £93m 

By Graham Sewjeant 
Financial Editor 

The Thatcher and Reagan 
governments have only 
slowed fee growth of public 
spending and government in-:, 
terferenc^'m fee economy and 
have . failed to reverse it, 
Professor Milton Friedman 
says in a study published 
today of fee progress of free- 
maiket economics. 

“The high hopes feat many 
ofus placed in fee elections of 
Margaret Thatcher in Britain 
and Ronald Reagan in the 
United Stales have been real- 
ized to only a limited extent. 1 ’ 

Professor Friedman accepts 
that fee tnraround in the size 
and scope of. government 
started earlier ih Britain and 
tbat Mrs Thatcher has made 
notable achievements in pri- 
vatizing state industries and 
ending exchange control -But 
he argues that the only, major 
reversals of policy have bee in 
countries' wife collectivist 
governments, notably China. , J 
:,Ih fee United States, gov- 
ernment spending last year 
was' 38.5 per dent of national 
income ; plus transfer ; pay- 
mfints, compared with. 14.8 ’• 
per ceut in 1930 

Professor: Friedmaff'Criti- 
etces the proliferation of new 
, protectionist devires such 
i “voluntary? restraints as-, a 
cost ofgovernroenL • - 
! ; “A particidariy dear case is 
i the so-called voluntary quotas 
on imports of Japanese cars 
introduced by fee Reagan 
; Administration in 1981. 
These restrictions have, cost 
car buyers many biZflons of 
dollars, and yet- they involved 
1 negligible . government 
’ spending," 1 fa argues. - - 
The u^taished Agenda:: Es- 
says on the political economy 
of government policyjn hon- 
our of Arthur Seldotb ;JEA 
£9.50. ' ■ '■ ■ 

By Om Financial Editor 

• The investment income of Commissioners* Slock Ex- 
Ihe Church Commissi oners change investment portfolio 
rose by ! J.7 per cent to £93.5 was worth almost £800 mil- 
million last year, fee Com- lion. Property is valued at 
missi oners’ report for 1985 £977 million (£931 million in 
shows. 1984) and mortgages and 

The Church of England, loans at £72 million (£65 
which relies on the efforts of million), 
the Commissioners for most ^ 

of its income, suffered heavily 

The Commissioners have 
now issued a specific state- 

during ^od when tofc STThiJSSr '|3? 
Uon outpaced invesunenl re- lowan!s AfitaT bin 

turns and has been a leading ageneiSTpMirion 

beneficiary of the stowdo wn m thgt ^jv, nuSSmienl Ira- 

- J ' Y— ik. iL^- UlflL OVU Via UUUiOgVIUVMS 

pnee nses. In the past three pljes a policy where financial 
yeatv aueriment in come to ? 0Dsid ^,ii ns are para - 
? ownby 34^per cem^unst a raouo ,. cenain con- 

rise of 16 per cent m fee retail 5^^ 
price index. 

The biggest provider is_.- Oflas 

Of last year’s income, 82 per 

property, which produced £45 cent went on clergy stipends, 
-million last year against £41 pensions and bousing. Parish 

million in 1984. 

and other contributions are 

Stock Exchange investment now paying a higher proper- 
was the other big contributor, tion of, clergymen's pay. The 
rf.iiirmne £38.8 million Commissioners 1 contribution 

returning £38.8 million Commissioners 1 contribution 
agains t £35.4 million in 1984. has fallen from 54 per cent to 
By, the end of the year, fee 41 per cent since 1 

Grand Met ‘offered 
£600m for hotels 9 

Grand Metropolitan, in- 
creasingly tipped as a target 
for the next mega-bid, has 
reportedly been offered £600 
million for its hotel business. 

The group, which took the 

unprecedented step last week 

of meeting City institutions to 
discuss its foture, is likely to 
reject fee offer as insufficient. 

The bidder is said to be the 
Los Angelestased Trafalgar 
Holdings banking group* 
Whether fee newly knighted 
head of. Grand Metropolitan, 
Sir Stanley Grmstead, would 
reject a higher offer is 

continents and includes 96 
hotels wife more than 35,000 
rooms in 46 countries. The 
London hotels include fee 
Mayfair and fee Britannia. 
Trading profit of this business 
last year rose from £32 million 
to £37.6 million. The terrorist 
scares are bound to have hit 
fee profitability of many of the 
European hotels this year. 

In fee City, there has been 

incireasii% criticism of Grand 
Metro pofi urn's lack of direc- 
tion and strategy for fee future 
which has led many observers 
to look closely at the break-up 
potential of fee group. 

The tobacco group Philip 
Moms is one name suggested 
as a possible bidder. 

The group’s Intercontinen- 
tal Hotels chain spans six 

The CBI has given its 
blessing in principle to fee 
scheme of Mr Nigel Lawson, 
the Chancellor, for linking at 
least 20 per cent of a worker's 
pay to profit movements with- 
in his company. 

Buyouts in 
UK ‘will 
top £2bn 9 

wood team, is keen to launch a 
flotation of NSR in fee United 

But Aitken Hume seems 
certain to cite US legal opin- 
ion to support its view feat 
such a transfer would not be 

Aitken Hume shareholders 
are likely to be offered fee 
choice of an established man- i 
agement now released from 
fee problems of fee past and 
an opportunistic outsider keen 
lo capitalize on its undoubted 

So far there has been no hint 
of ah outsider or white knight 
making a rival offer. Bui once 
the Aitken Hume figures are 
out in the open, another 
bidder could emerge. 

By Jeremy Warner 
. The value of management 

buyouts in Britain will top £2 
billion this year, says Peat 
Marwick, fee accountancy 

This compares wife £40 
million in 1980. when fee 
notion of managers buying fee 
unwanted subsidiaries of big 
companies - rather than sell- 
ing or closing them — was in 
its infancy. 

The practice has grown 
steadily since it gained public- 
ity when a consortium of 
managers and employees 
bought National Freight for 
£50 million from fee Govern- 
ment five years ago. 

The value ofbuyouts rose to 
£820 million last year. And 
deals worth about £600 mil- 
lion have been completed so 
far this year. 

Mr David Carter of Peat 
Marwick said he thought the 
total value could grow to more 
than £2 billion fry fee end of 

Mr Carter was speaking on 
the occasion of fee 50th 
British management buyout 
worth more than £10 million 
- fee £21.6 million purchase 
of Ray beck, fee clothing man- 
ufacturer and retailer. 

He said total funds specifi- 
cally set aside to finance 
buyouts now totalled about 
£500 million and this repre- 
sented only a third of fee total 
fends available for equity 
investment in buyouts. 

The £2 billion forecast was 

based on fee “modest assump- 
tion 11 that equity fends would , 

tion” feal equity fends would, 
be matched by loan and 
overdraft capital on a ratio of 
one to three. 

Mr Carter said management 
buyouts were making a big 
contribution to the revival of 
fee economy since they were 
freeing accomplished manag- 
ers from fee constraints of a 
remote head office. 

Tour firm to 
start airline 

Owners Abroad, Britain’s 
sixth biggest tour operator, is 
10 set up a new holiday airline. 
Air 2000 is scheduled to start 
operations next May from 
Manchester using two leased 
Boeing 757 aircraft wife Rolls- 

firm a £l?i^iion onier. 

Mr Errol Cossey, fee former 
managing director of Air Eu- 
rope* will bead 160 staff. 
Owners Abroad will own 76 
per cent of the new airline and 
managers fee remainder. 

AA denial 

The Automobile Associa- 
tion has denied reports that it 
plans to go public. It said it 
was considered a long time 
ago but it was derided there 
would be no advantage for 




IjTf " T- 


i&r , 


TODAY - Interims: CaripU 
Industries, Flexeflo Castors & 
Wheels. Guinness. London 
Scottish Finance Corporation. 
Finals: Amersham Interna- 
tional, Chamberlain Phipps, 
EMAP, Erskine House, 
Hazlewood Foods, Lanca, 
Lyntoit Holdings, Ug&K 
Marafafls Halifax* Mittward 
Brown (amended),' Property 
Pirtncfsiips, Yeflowhammer. 
TOMORROW - I nteri ms 
Couhtiywde Properfi£S, X H 
Primer ^Green- 

wicb Resources, "Robert 
Home Group, Piaxtoas^GB), 
Winter-bottom Energy Trust 
Finals: Alexos Group. Alpha- 
meric, British Steam Speoal- 
ties,: Cape Industries, CML 
MicrosysiemvCWteu’s Hoid*^ 

International, Oxford Instru- 
merits. Paricdale Holdings* C 
& W Walker Holdings. 
WEDNESDAY - Interims: 

_ tookers, y J Lovdl (Hold-, 
logs). Finals Aberfoyie Hold- 1 
ings. Associated Heat, 
Services, British Land, Chlo- 
ride Group. Moutitwew. Es- ] 
•tateSi Stead & Simpson.*: f < 
THURSDAY - . Interims: 

Dundee;* London r Invest- • 
. meat Trust, Aritar\Lee.&. ; 

Sons. F&sb: Bdker Perkins, 
British Tefectmimunications, 
EtansonTosertatipnal, Gram- . 
pian- ' Television, Johnson 
Matfeey, LonctonfeteroaiKm- 
al Group, MitclieB- Somers,, 
Srata Gftwp, Wgfe3s: - 
FRIDAY Interim^: none*. 
-Finals ■ Apricot Computers. 

D-nanM TaKm U/Wlfh 

Price Waterhouse inquiry 
still open after three years 

An. inquiry into the way in 
which pike Waterhouse, fee 
firm * of acrountautsfeandled 
fee affairs of a former public 
company .1$ still not complete 
after three years. 

PriceWaterbonse was criti- 
dzed in a Department of 
Trade report into the actirities 
of. Bryuostou Finance, closely 
arcofred in the secondary 
tanking collapse of the early 


The accountant was criti- 
cEsed tor its part in fee rise and 
fid) of Bryanstoo and other ■ 
companies connected wife it 
The inspectors said; “So Car as 
tire shareholders and fee pub-; 

By Cliff Feltham 
Waterhouse allowed the ion 
presston to be given that all 
was in order. 11 

After publication of fee 
Department of Trade report— 
which itself took eight years — 
a disciplinary body acting on 
behalf of the three mam 
accountancy oprganSzations 

embarked on its own indepen- 
dent investigation into how 
Price Waterhouse tad carried 
out its duties. 

The body has the power to 
recommend hefty penalties 
ranging from fines to 

This week a spokesman for 

Hu lwwlv sHmilinl Hinu 

years was 8 long time to carry 
ont an inquiry rrithoot publish- 
ing its findings. “Where it is 
not $0 much facts fat conclu- 
sions which are disputed by 
fee firms concerned It Is a 
lengthy process. Most cases 
we look into fake between 18 
months and a year so 1 
suppose this one has been 
going on rather a long tune- 1 ’ 

Price Waterhouse declined 
to comment. 

In its report into Bryanston, 
which subsequently changed 
its name to Ramor Invest- 
ments, tfa Department of 
Trade report said it concerned 
fee “abase of position of two 

The call on employers from 
Sir Terence BecketL the direc- 
tor general, at last November’s 
CBI annual conference to pay 
“now! for nowt" dearly has 
gone unheeded in many 

Since last August. 3 43 per 
cent of fee 702 settlements 
monitored by fee CBI were for 
rises of 5. 5-6.5 per cent and 
only 8.9 per cent were below 

4.5 percent. The proportion of 
settlements giving more than 

8.5 per cent rises was 73 per 

The CBI says feat reduc- 
tions in fee length of the basic 
-working week are at an all- 
time low, wife just 3 per cent 
of manufacturing settlements 
affected since August. 

Employers' leaders are now 
questioning the validity of fee 
annual pay round and fee CBI 
has launched a study on bow it 
can be replaced. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Nine guidelines for 
economic sanctions 

Economic sanctions (sony. Prime 
Minister, "measures”) certainly have 
a long diplomatic pedigree. In 432 BC, 
Pericles half-starved the Megarians 
with a trade embargo. That little 
episode ended in war, which was 
precisely what the 20th century ad- 
vocates of economic weapons hoped 
they might prevent- Sanctions were to 
be a substitute: butter, not guns would 
rule the world. 

In 1919, President Woodrow Wil- 
son epitomized this optimism: a 
nation that is boycotted, be opined, 
**is a nation that is in sight of 
surrender”. The 20th century has 
dedicated a great deal of history to 
proving him wrong. Mrs Thatcher’s 
South African dilemma has arisen at a 
moment when the cyclical reputation 
of the sanctions weapon is at a low 

High marks 

authors' seventh and eighth findings. 
These are that a rag-bag of companion 
policies (such as covert military 
action) do not markedly increase the 
chances of success, and nor does 
reliance on international co- 

No one could accuse Mrs Thatcher 
of ignoring the authors’ ninth 
commandment: look before you leap. 
She should take note of their evidence 
that the least effective method is to 
slide gradually into the sanctions 
business, attempting to escalate the 
attack as time goes on. Their message 
on the best type of sanctions is, 
however, less clear. 

Blocking exports to the victim is the 
easiest, but imposes the highest cost 
on the sanctioner (remember Britain 
is South Africa's third largest sup- 
plier): blocking imports from the 

target the most painful to him, but the 
least easy to enforce. Not every orange 
bears a truthful mark of origin. 

Financial sanctions have proved 
effective, but mostly against small aid- 
dependent neighbours of the United 
States, where stick and carrot have 
been used together. 

Towards larger countries, financial 
weapons are harder to use. The HE 
does take the view that the drying-up 
of long-term credit helped to turn the 
political tide in Mr Ian Smith's 
Rhodesia: and that the controversial 
freeze on assets played a signficant 
part in the affair of the Iranian 
hostages. But banks with large , 
outstanding loans to target countries 
are vulnerable (although in Argentina, 
British banks were largely protected 
by the involvement of other countries' 
banks in joint loans). 

Most crucially of all, money — even 
less than oranges — bears no mark of 
origin; and the dislocation of trade 
from capital flows in today's world 
makes it harder to control the two in 

In theory, the importance of sanc- 
tions should increase naturally, as 
trade accounts for a rising proportion 
of national income worldwide. There 
has certainly been no shortage of 
attempts to apply them. 

The Washington-based Institute for 
International Economics last year 
completed a study of 103 episodes 
since the beginning of the First World 
War, 68 of them involving the United 
States, and 21 involving Britain. The 
frequency has increased; the success 
rate seems to have fallen. 

The authors offer, for the future, 
nine commandments. To begin with, 
don’t have inflated expectations of 
what sanctions can achieve — a 
warning that should be obvious, but 
does not seem to be. 

Sanctions have a poor record in 
altering military plans or major 
domestic policies. By contrast they 
score considerable successes when 
allotted a deliberately modest or 
supporting role. The authors give 
quite high marks to the British 
exercise of sanctions against Argen- 
tina during the Falklands war. 

Secondly, they work best against the 
weak or unstable; most recent Ameri- 
can successes have been against small 
near-neighbours. US sanctions im- 
posed on the Soviet Union have been 
ineffective or even (remember the 
pipeline row?) counter-productive. 

The IIFs third rule of thumb is that 
it is more effective to invoke sanctions 
against allies than adversaries; and the 
closer the trade links, the greater the 
chance of success. It follows, fourth, 
that the greater the economic damage, 
the better; in the cases that the HE 
scores as “successes”, it calculates the 
cost to the victim averaged 2.3 per 
cent of national income, while failures 
imposed an average cost of barely 
more than half of one per cent. 

What, fifth, of the cost to the 
sanctioner? “If you need to ask the 
price, you can’t afford the yacht” — a 
gloomy message for an would-be 
sanctioner with an unemployment 
rate as high as Britain’s. 

Limited objectives, coupled with 
full-blooded sanctions, work best — a 
sixth point further reinforced by the 

Essential role 

Yet there remains an essential role 
for sanctions, as the I1E points out, 
filling the gap between weapons that 
are too massive (military) or too 
meagre (diplomatic). 

It is in this gap that Mrs Thatcher 
now finds herself, where the “success” 
of sanctions is not to be measured 
only in terms of economic con- 
sequences in the target country but in 
political consequences at home. Wit- 
ness Lloyd George, in 1935, on 
sanctions against Italy, which “came 
too late to save Abyssinia, but ... just 
in the nick of time to save the 

Yet those now urging Mrs Thatcher 
on should remember Mussolini’s 
response: to reply “with our disci- 
pline, with our sobriety, and with our 
spirit of sacrifice”. It is rare that self- 
sacrifice is not required of the 
sanctioner too. 

Economic Sanctions Reconsidered, 
Institute for International Economics, 

Sarah Hogg 

Economics Editor 




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Chemicals keep Croda profits steady 

Speciality chemicals is one 
of the glamour businesses of 
the 1980s, offering high 
growth rates and high returns 
on capital. 

If there are any such busi- 
nesses which have not al- 
ready attracted a pack of 
hungry predators, they can be 
bought on earnings multiples 
in the 20s. Those quoted on 
the Stock Exchange com- 
mand multiples in the high 

Croda International has 
long been thought of as a 
speciality chemicals compa- 
ny, but it stands on a price- 
cam in gs multiple of barely 
13. Far from having a spec- 
tacular record, its profits 
growth is more usually de- 
scribed as solid, or even 

The pie charts help to show 
why. Croda's performance is 
being dragged down by its 
activities outside the special- 
ity chemicals area. 

The main speciality chemi- 
cals company. Croda Chemi- 
cals International, has done 
well. It accounts for only 32 
per cent of turnover, but 
contributes 63 per cent of 
proffL Return on capital em- 
ployed is 28 per cent com- 
pared with an average of 20 
per cent for the group. 

Of Croda's three other 
divisions. Croda Polymers, 
with a return on capital of 20 
per cent, is the closest to 


Turnover E407rr»atkwi Pre-tax pro fits £23 mHOon 
Croda Croda Wodd Traders Croda Chemicals 

Chemicals 37% 63% 

Croda International 
share price 

mg already made several 
disposals — those in 1985 
included inks and edible oils 

Croda Cromana Consumer P 
aotymers Products 

19% 12% 

FTA500 i 
share index 





J J A S O N D J F M. A M J 

being in speciality chemicals. 

After the disposal of the 
lossmaking inks business, it is 
active in three main areas; in 
adhesives the prospects for 

^ are good, the market 
int is suffering from 
k demand and the out- 

weak demand and the out- 
look for growth in graphic 
supplies to the printing in- 
dustry is unexciting. 

Cromano Consumer Prod- 
ucts. recently expanded by 
two acquisitions — in cosmet- 
ics and toiletries — also has a 
food division. The return on 
capital employed is IS per 
cent Its recent performance 
has been impaired by the less 
profitable acquisitions. The 
objective is to turn these 
round as quickly as possible: 

Least profitable is Croda 
World Traders which, says 
the chairman. Sir Frederick 

Wood, “is receiving a lot of 
attention." Accounting for 37 
per cent of turnover, it pro- 
duces a mere 7 per cent of 
profit and a return on capital 
of only 10 per cent. 

After the closure of Pre- 
mier, the edible oil refining 
operation, Croda World 
Traders is a grouping of six 
companies which may have 
some similarities but which, 
in reality, have been pul 
together for administrative 

The two biggest sectors are 
the agricultural and hydro- 
carbons. The agricultural 
business is an example of 
vertical integration back- 
wards into the source of 
supply. The company renders 
bone and other animal resi- 
due into fats and protein 
which, in turn, are used as 

feedstock for Croda's other 
activities such as the manu- 
facture of soap. 

The concept of vertical 
integration is always alluring 
in that it appears to offer the 

prospect of securing basic 
feedstock at reasonable 

feedstock at reasonable 
prices. It has not, however, in 
this instance protected Croda 
from the vagaries of the 
market place. Croda is part of 
the market, but the market is 
still beyond Croda's controL ■ 

The agricultural business 
can still make good money in 
the good years but when — as 
now — business turns down- 
wards, it becomes difficult to 
make a profit in this highly 
competitive area. 

The hydrocarbons business 
is based mainly on tar and 
bitumen, which are made 
into road building com- 

pounds. Last year’s bad sum- 
mer weather cut into the road 
surfacing season, but new 
products helped to offset this. 
Performance, however, is 
barely satisfactory. 

The bakery services busi- 
ness, which is most akin to 
speciality chemicals* is also 
one of Croda's most profit- 
able, with the group's second 
highest rate of return on 
capital employed. After the 
sale of Premier some special- 
ist operations — frying oils 
and blended fats - have been 
retained in bakery services to 
form the nucleus of a special- 
ity edible oil business. 

Of the remaining three 
sectors, two are involved 
mainly in honey trading and 
the third is an old-established 
company which processes oil 
for the paint industry. Hav- 

— Croda appears to be in no 
hurryto rationalize further. 
Sir Frederick intends to get 
performance, and businesses 
which are unsatisfactory wfl] 
be made satisfactory. 

This is likely to mean more 
of the same for shareholders. 
It appears that there has been 
nothing exceptional about 
the first six months of 1986. 

Mr Martin Evans, chemi- 
cals analyst at County Securi- 
ties, is forecasting pretax 
profits of £25 million for 
1986, just 9 per cent ahead of 

■: This may be enough to 
allow for a modest dividend 
increase, the first since 1982, 
when it was bumped up by 85 
per cent from 3.75p net to7p 
as part of Croda's defence 
against an unwelcome bid 
from Burmah. 

- Certainly shareholders 
should not be looking for a 
dividend i no-ease at the in- 
terim stage. If the final is 
increased to give an 8p total, 
the dividend is still only 
covered 1-5 times. 

The high dividend, com- 
bined with a big proportion 
of earnings from overseas 
sources. . - has meant that 
Croda has been unable to get 
relief for advance corporation 
tax on dividends, and the 


fill. 'tali 1 




T HE clirectors of Wedgwood announce 
a furtker increase in sales, profit and 


JL a furtker increase in sales, profit and 
dividends for tke year to 29tk Marck 

Profit kefore taxation was £19-5 
million as against £15.1 million in 
1984/85, an increase of 29%. 

Earnings per skare were 30.6p 
compared witk 21.2p in 1984/85 and 
14.6p in tke year kefore tkat. 

As a result of tke strengtkening 
of sterling against major foreign 
currencies sales at £152 million kave 
progressed more tkan appears from tke 
kald figures. Home market sales increased 
ky 13% and sales overseas increased 
ky 7%. 

Tkere kas keen an excellent start 
to tke current year and tke order kook 
remains strong. 

Tke continuing growtk pattern 
kas encouraged tke directors to recom- 
mend tke payment of a final dividend of 
7 pence per skare on tke skare capital 
as increased ky tke rigkts issue. Tkis 
makes a total of 10 pence for tke year 
compared witk 7.2 5 p last year. 

An outstandingly su ccessful per- 
formance kas sukstantially increased tke 
group's skare of tke kome market and for 
tke second year running record sales 
figures were ackieved in Australia, 
Canada and Japan. 

Tke United States company kas 




retained its strong position in wkat is 
still ky far tke group s most important 
and most competitive export market. 

Holland enjoyed a record year and 
Italy and France Lave progressed 

Tke prolific manner in wkick new 
product ranges kave keen created ky our 
design team and introduced in world 
markets, kas played an important part 
in tke group's increasing turnover and 

Tke capital expenditure pro- 
gramme announced at tke time of tke 
rigkts issue is well advanced and in 
addi t ion tkere kave keen furtker de- 
velopments in comkining cr af ts m ans kip 
witk modern tecknology. Takleware as 
well as giftware is- now keing fast fired 
witk considexakle savings in energy and 
otker costs. 

Tke company is full of kealtk and 
vigour. We kave a kigkly motivated and 
skilled workforce, a strong professional 
management team, sound investment in 
our factories and a marketing strengtk 
at kome and overseas wkick is witkout 
parallel in our industry. Tke directors are 
looking for furtker improvement in 
trading results in 1986/8Z 

Extracts from the Report and 
Accounts for the year to 2Qth March IQS 6 
and the statement to shareholders by 
Sir Arthur Bryan, Ch airman . 


if you would iika a copy of the Annual Report and Accounts, please write to The Secretary, Wedgwood pic, Badaskm, Stoke-on-Trent, STI2 QES. 

company i has built an £8.7 
million ACT mountain. It 
will at last be able to write 
this off over the next -two 
years, bringing clown its aver- 
age tax charge to 35 percent 
in 1986. 

Sir Frederick* .who has 
been chairman since 1960, 
has not been in good health, 
and he is moving into semi- 
retirement, woridngvimially 
pan time. His main aim is to 
ensure the smooth transfer of 
power in the company he has 
managed for 33 years. 

Croda is looking for acqui- 
sitions all the time, but its 
chunky dividend makes a 
paper offer an expensive 
choice: Any bids would need 
to be made in cash. This 
would restrict the size of any 
purchase to between £10 
million and £20 million. 

The dividend, and Sir 
Frederick’s vigorous style in 
defence, has kept Croda free 
from predatory attacks. But 
such is the level of demand 
for this kind of company that 
it ' must come under 
somebody's microscope at 
some stage. 

Total dividend for 1985 cut 
from 3.2p to I.2p. Turnover 
£40.84 ramion (£19.77 million). 
Loss before tax £1.75 million 
(£2.58 minion profit ). Loss per 
share 8.3p (earnings ll&pl 
Proposals for the disposal of 
Clifford B McGuire and Lan- 
caster and Winter will be put to 
an extraordinary meeting on 
July 7. together with plans to 
raise about £2 minion by a rights 
issue of 12 percent convertible, 
unsecured loan stock. 1992/97, 
The board estimates that in the 
first five months of 1986, the 
group made a pretax loss of 
£1.75 million. 

company has agreed to sell the 
Trafalgar Hotel. Samhesbury. for 
£2.8 million in cash to Vanx 
Group, owner of the Swallow 
Hotels Group. The deal reserves 
for Brown the tie on ail draught 
beers and lagers and a selection 
of bottled products. 

are on with Barlow Clowes and 
Partners which are expected to 
frs d to the acquisition -of the 
Barlow Clowes Gift Income 
Plan business. 

Janies Spooner, the chairman, 
told the annual meeting that 
pretax profit for the first quarter 

& ' 
jtlG U 

of the current year is well up on 
last vear and that order levels in 

Meanwhile, shareholders 
have the comfort of a 72 per 
cent gross yield, and the 
prospect of steady if unexcit- 
ing growth. 

Carol Ferguson 

last year and that order levels in 
most group areas are good. 

• SOMIO Total dividend for 
the year to March 31. 1986. 2p 
(I.Sp). Turnover £3-27 million 
(£3.06 million). Profit after all 
charges including tax — before 
extraordinary item — £71.000 
(£81.000) and after extraor- 
dinary item £26.000 (nil). 

TIES: Year to March 31, 1986. 
Total dividend 0.7 !5p (0.65p). 
Turnover £6.77 million (£8.68 
million). Pretax profit £820,000 
(£769,000). Earnings per share 
5.94p (5.49pL 

Euro ministers to 

debate law change 

Brussels (AP-Dow Jones) — 
Finance ministers of the Euro- 
pean Economic Community 
are expected to discuss for the 
first time today a proposal to 
strengthen the community law 
guaranteeing the freedom of 
certain capital movements in 

on the proposal until later this 
year. But Monday’s talks 
could reveal how eager the 
French and Italian govern- 
ments are to embrace more 
reforms, said one source: 

The proposal, drafted by the 
European Commission, 
would upgrade European law 
in three areas — the extension 

France has already elimi- 
nated important foreign ex- 
change restrictions this year, 
including its devise litre sys- 
tem for transactions in foreign 

Meanwhile, Italy has re- 

of commercial credits, invest- laxed restrictions on Italian 
men is in unlisted companies- investment in -foreign curren- 

and the use of national capital cy-denominated securities, 
markets by non-residents to But the Italian measures fall 
finance investment short of what many commis- 

. sion officiate believe to be 
Commission officials say economically possible for that 
that the proposal is designed country. 

to spur European govem- 

current account 

m j:. »» juj d uuicui uu-uum 

meats to accelerate their dis- ...—i... 

SSEJiSim li JlLJQS'El. equal to l-per cent of its gross 

practice; however, it will mean control these officials say. 
encouraging change in both - * 

France and Italy, one source “The Italian government 
said. has not said much, and we are 

. The finance ministers are: 
not expected to take a decision 

“The Italian government 
has not said much, and we are 
all a bit anxious to hear what a- * 
they have to say, "said one v *„ 
source. \ 

EEC to consider farm 
tariffs against US 

te$ev oa 

EEC foreign ministers are to to approve th< 
consider today a list of farm It could becoi 
products that could become retaliatory ra 
ihe target of tariffs or quotas in Reagan Adn 
a growing trade dispute with tide to hnpos 
the United States. imports from 

They include wheal, rice, I. 
com gluten feed, soya cake But diplorra 
and almonds. it was unlike!; 

- The dispute has arisen be- would give ti 
cause of restrictive measures power to act 
taken by Spain and Portugal response to 
since they joined the Commu- measures, 
nity in January. Any retaliali 

On March I Spain intro- EEC would fi 
duced a variable tariff on approved by 
imports of com and sorghum states, 
which the Americans say The EEC an 
would effectively shut out US been holding 
producers from the Spanish context of the 
market ment on tariffs 

The Commissioner for Ex- in a bid to resc 
temaJ Affairs, Mr Willy de but the discu 
CTercq, will ask EEC ministers haven't yieldei 

to approve the list of products. 
It could become the core of a 
retaliatory move , should the 
Reagan Administration de- 
cide to impose restrictions on 
imports from Europe on July 

But diplomatic sources said 
it was unlikely that ministers 
would give the Commission 
power to act on its. own in 
response to any US trade 

Any retaliatory move by the 
EEC would first have to be 
approved by the member 

The EEC and the US have 
been holding talks in the 
context of the general agree- 
ment on tariffs and trade (gait) 
in a bid to resolve the dispute, 
but the discussions, so far, 
haven't yielded aay results. 


On 10 April 1986 the Ford Motor Company declared a 3 for 
2 STOCK SPLIT in the form of a 50 per cent STOCK 
DIVIDEND on ■ the Capital Stock of tha Company to 
Stockholders of Record 2 May 1986. 

BlDILs representing UNITS of l/20th of a foil common 
share in die denominations of 1: 5; 10; 50; 100; and 500 will 
be available for distribution about 16 June 1986. 

The Board of Directors also declared a CASH DIVIDEND 
of 82.5' cents (gross) per share, on the Company’s Common 
Stock outstanding prior to the STOCK DIVIDEND. 

arnn M 

Slit; m 

prior to the STOCK 

Accordingly, in i 
the following dis 

16 June 1986. 

*ct of the Bearer Depositary Re< 
notion will become payable on or 

Gross Distribution 
Less 15% UJS-A- 1 

i per Unit - 4.12500 cents 

With ho ldi n g Tax 0.61875 cents 

Converted at L52 

- ' 3.50625 cents 

Claims should be lodged with the DEPOSITARY; National 
Westminster Bank PLC, Stock. Office Services, 3rd Floor, 
20 Old Broad Street, London EC2N IEJ. 

In addition to the usual form for gfaftning cash* a special 
form exists for claiming stock. Both forms nhnpld be com- 
pleted and are obtainable from the above address. 

' United 


nedom Banks and Members of the Stock Ex- 
rald mark payment of the .‘STOCK AND CASH’ 
in the appropriate square on -the back of the 

! All other claimants must, complete the special forms and 
present these, at the above' address together with the certifi- 
cates). for-marking by the National Westminster Rgnk 
PLC. Postal applications cannot be accepted* 

9 June II 

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Brazil poised to dig deep 
ahead of oU price rise 

While oil companies are 
scaling down their exploration 
in the North Sea, Brazil's 
state-run oil monopoly, 
Peirobras, has announced that 
it is to intensify its exploration 
programme despite the fell in 

To add to this apparent 
eccentricity, Peirobras is look- 
ing for oil and evaluating finds 
in extremely deep waters. 
Below these, oil has never yet 
been recovered, and it will 
cost well above £13 a barrel. 

The Brazilian government 
has concluded that there will 
never be a better time to look 
for oil. Nearly half the world's 
drilling rig capacity and other 
offshore equipment is idle and 
it can be hired for a fraction of 
the normal price. 

Brazil is one of the most 
active countries in oil explora- 
tion. Forty-eight rigs are work- 
ing on land. S3 at sea. 

The country already pro- 
duces 60 per cent of its oil, 
compared with less than a fifth 
only sixyears ago when Brazil 
was one of the countries 
hardest hit by rising oil prices. 

The present low price 
means that Brazil's oil bill this 
year may be half Last year's $4 
billion (£265 billion). So 
some of the savings can be 
invested in more prospecting 
and field development, 

Immediately after the first 
oil shock, Brazil had to jump 
from paying less than a sixth 
of its export earnings for its oil 

to more than half. This helped 
to precipitate the country's 
severe debt crisis. 

Brazil aims to be self-, 
sufficient in oil by the turn of 
the century. It has 21 billion 
barrels of proven reserves, 
enough to maintain present 
extraction rates for nearly 10 

But to guarantee self-suffi- 
ciency for any length of time, 
reserves of 10 billion to 15 
billion barrels are needed. 

Last year two important 
finds were made in water up to 
3,000ft deep, 70 miles from 
the shore and out beyond 
where Brazil's main offshore 
fields are located 

They each contain between 
500 million and 1 billion 
barrels of oil, effectively dou- 
bling the country's reserves. A 

third major find, perhaps even 
larger, has been made in 
equally deep water more 

To extract this oil demands 
technology which does not yet 
exist. Robots will have to 
work on the sea bed wellheads 
and floating extraction sys- 
tems will have to be used. 

But with the previous oil 
shock still sharply in people's 
minds and demand for oil 
starting to rise again, Brazil 
has decided to go ahead now. 

Oil consumption has hardly 
grown in Brazil during the 
past five years because of a 
substitution programme. 

Enough alcohol is now dis- 
tilled to replace 150,000 bar- 
rels of oil a day. Several 
thousand firms have switched 
to using electricity —there was 

a surplus until Iasi year be- 
cause of a recession. Charcoal, 
wood and sugar cane bagasse 
are widely used by industry. 

However, the process of 
substitution has now reached 
its limits. With the economy 
booming, demand for oil has 
started to grow again. 

it costs £27 to distil the 
equivalent to a barrel of 
alcohol, and food produrilion 
has been a victim of the 
expansion in the sugar cane 

After last year’s fast eco- 
nomic growth, the electricity 
surplus has ended and there 
have been power cuts. 

Shielded from pressures to 
maximize profits, Brazil is 
searching for more oil now 
rather than delaying until the 
price rises again. 

The government seems 
more relieved that the import 
bill has been cut than con- 
cerned that its revenues have 
been reduced. 

It is felt in Brasilia that 
prices will increase not later 
than the early 1990s. By then 
oil reserves in the non-Opec 
countries will be virtually 
exhausted, and this will be 
accelerated by the curtailment 
in exploration elsewhere. 

Brazil hopes that by then it 
will be immune to the effects 
of the next oil shock. 

Patrick Knight 



573m Afea 
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... O I C C C CU U DTI I N c 


' • I LL JJCJ I f 

Plessey payphones now 
worid’s leading range 

A second major US contract for 
mteffigent payphones- fids time 
for New York and Chicago -has 
farther established Plessey as 
the worid’s leading manufactur- 
er of these advanced systems. 

Plessey has now sold its 
range of intelligent payphones 
to 20 administrations in 15 
countries, including the UK. In 
addition to the US ordei; 
contracts have been awarded 
recently by Sweden^ Teie- 
vaerker, JDK or Denmark, 
CTNE in Spain and the Eire 
Post Office. 


At home, British Telecom has 
placed a series of orders total- 
ling more than £60m for 
Plessey payphones and 
enhancements as pan of its 
plan to replace its entire popu- 
lation of 77,000 public pay- 
phones. Hull Telephone 
Corporation has also re- 

One of the Plessey pa > phone range. 

equipped entirely with Plessey. with any cellular 


At the recent Communications 
86 exhibition Plessey unveiled 
a revolutionary new pay tele- 
phone, designed to operate 


system. It can therefore be 
installed anywhere within 
reach of the many cellular 
networks in operation or 
planned throughout the world. 

Total army systems 
capability on show 

At the British Army Equipment 
Exhibition 86, Plessey provides 
an impressive demonstration of 
its total army systems capability. 

The Plessey stand features 
large-screen plasma displays 
and an area configured to 
represent an integrated 
command system as might be 
employed at a headquarters 

FQRTHE 1990s 

Other features on the stand 
show the range of Plessey activ- 
ity from intelligent battlefield 
data terminals to advanced 
CTvpto-prorected communica- 
tions products - a reflection of 
the comprehensive scope of 
research and development 
work currently being under- 
taken forthe next generation of 
defence electronics for the 

The outside display area is 
designed to demonstrate bow 
Plessey provides a total army 
communications system capa- 
bility, from company level up to 
strategic HQ. 

Man pack and vehide- 
mounied radios will be in use, 
linked to headquarters with 
voice, facsimile and data facili- 
ties from the Multi-Role 
System (MRS) switch and mili- 
tarised terminals. 

The new systems and 
products shown also include 
Plessey radar-absorbent mate- 
rials and an extended range of 
power generators. 



Plessey bunched the Mantra 
Desktop computer at the 1986 
European Unix show. Aimed at 
many different markets includ- 
ing business use, it incorporates 
powerful multi-processor archi- 
tecture in a cost-effective 
British-built and conceived 

The eight-user system is 
based on a new single processor 

1986 Report 
and Accounts 

“Plessey is firmly back on 
course* 1 , says the Chabman and 
OiiefExecutive, Sir John Clark, 
in the 1986 Report and Accounts 
just published. Copies are avail- 
able on request from The 
Plessey Company pic. Vicarage 
Lane, Ilford, Essex, IG1 4AQ. 

Satellite station opened 
on target for RAF 

A new satellite ground station 
now opened at RAF Oakhangei; 
Hampshire, marks the success- 
ful completion by Plessey, on 
time and on cost, of a £20 million 

The new station - one of the 
largest military installations of 
its kind in Europe - is a major 
enhancement of the satellite 
communications facilities at 
RAF Oakhangerwhich form an 
integral part of the Skynet 

This system began in the 
1960s and provides highly reli- 
able global long distance 
communications for UK land, 
sea and air forces. 


After winning an intensely 
competitive initial project 

definition study, Plessey 

The aieiiite miMnas. a raf Oitdanger. received a major turnkey 

contract for the new station. As 


Technology is our business. 

PLtSSEK I 1 "- flfcjjo •rnsaf m taw.wMa'fwfe cf TbcF/cufj Campari} pli 

prime contractor and systems 
design authority, the company 
had total responsibility for 
preparation of the ‘greenfield" 
site, construction of the build- 
ing and site facilities, and instal- 
lation. commissioning and 
acceptance testing of the 
completed terminal. 



_ A _ 

Richard Cherry 

Financial Clearing and Ser- 
vices UK Ltd (FiCS): Mr 
Peter Bennett is named as 
chief executive. 

Countryside Properties: Mr 
Richard Cherry has been 
made a director. 

Collins-Wilde: Mr Clive 
Burgess becomes a director. 

■ Anslow-WiJson & Amery: 
Mr K R Carter has been made 
a director. 

Grand Metropolitan: Mr i 
A Martin is named as chair- 
man and chief executive, 
brewing and retailing division. 

Guardian Management Ser- 
vices: Mr Michael duQnesnay 
has been made managing 

British Shipbuilders Enter- 
prise: Mr Richard Wormed 
becomes managing director. 

Cosiain Group: Mr R H 
Samuel joins the board. 

Institute of Cost and Man- 
agement Accountants: Mr Pe- 
rer Lawrence has been elected 
president. Professor Michael 
Bromwich and Mr Ronald B 
Kett were elected vice- 

Cussins Property Group: 
Mr William Ian Waites be- 
comes an executive director. 

Bristol Contributory Wel- 
fare Association: Mr Martin 
Wren joins the board as 
managing director. 

The Royal National Insti- 
tute for the Blind: Mr Stephen 
Chaff a com be has been made 
director of external relations. 

Burgess Products (Hold- 
ings): Mr J W (Bill) Todd is 
named as chief executive. 

F5 Assurance: Mr Peter V 
B union becomes an executive 
director from 1 July. 

Michael Peters Financial 
Communications (MPFC): 
Mr Tim Ward becomes man- 
aging director and Mr Alex 
Glover deputy managing 

Manufacturers Life Insur- 
ance Group (ManuLife): Mr 
Hairy Becker is named as 
director of agencies, UK. 


World trends hold key 
to market recovery 

The sharp rise in the gill 
market earlier this year has 
been followed by a period of 
weakness. Will this continue 
or will gilts resume their 
previous upward trend? 

To answer this question, 
attention should initially fo- 
cus on underlying global 
economic and financial influ- 
ences, as it is the larger 
international scene that is 
going to be decisive for gilts. 
In particular, five key inter- 
national trends need to be 

• Oil prices. They are like- 
ly to remain weak in the next 
year, probably ranging from 
S10-SI6 per barrel. However, 
sterling's adjustment to low 
oil prices appears to be 
almost over. The apparent 
insensitivity of the pound to 
fails in the oil price is a new 
and encouraging feature for 

• Global liquidity. In a 
world environment of slug- 
gish growth and low inflation, 
above-target money supply 
growth will probably remain 
a feature in most leading 
countries (including the Unit- 
ed Slates, the United King- 
dom. West Germany and 
Japan) for a while. 

This excess liquidity, the 
bulk of which is being chan- 
nelled into financial and. to a 
lesser degree, tangible assets, 
is a positive for gilts. The 
potential inflation risk in this 
rapid money supply growth is 
being offset by low oil and 
commodity prices and a weak 

• World interest rates. 
With world disinflation set to 
persist fora sixth consecutive 
year, nominal interest rates 
could be as much as l .5-2 per 
cent lower in leading coun- 
tries by the year end. even 
though real interest rates will 
remain relatively high. Brit- 
ain is likely to continue 
playing an important part in 
the world move to lower 
interest rates. 

• US economic policy 
stance. Reflecting moderate 
US growth, low inflation and 
domestic acid Third World 
financial problems, the US 
will probably continue to 
adopt a relatively lax mone- 
tarv policy. American interest 

rates are set to weaken, with 
the dollar expected to register 
a further gradual, albeit, ir- 
regular. fall. However. US 
fiscal policy will become 
more restrictive, but not 

• Currency trends. Ster- 
ling should remain firm 
against a weak dollar, but is 
likely to fall against the 
Deutschmark bloc and yen. 
possibly to the tune of 10-15 
per cent by early next year. 
This represents an ideal cur- 
rency mix for the British 
economy, being tantamount 
to a non -in flationary curren- 
cy' devaluation. 

' Against what is. in general, 
a favourable international 
economic backcloth for gilts, 
domestic economic and polit- 
ical pressures are more 

Ahhough inflation will re- 
main low in the next year, 
continued excessive broad 
money supply growth, rapid 
increases in unit labour costs 
and longer-term inflation 
worries are having an adverse 
effect on sentiment 

The United Kingdom's 
balance of payments outlook 
is an additional worey for the 
gill market 

After seven consecutive 
years of current account sur- 
plus. a current account deficit 
of about £1 billion is likely 
next year. This results from 
rapidly growing imports and 
a reduced positive balance on 
oil trends. The sharply rising 
surplus on invisibles is un- 
likely to offset these trends 

The British political cli- 
mate has also had an increas- 
ingly negative influence on 
gilt-cdgcd sentiment during 
the current correction in UK 
financial markets. The worry 
is that the possibility of a 
Labour government could 
lead to significant speculative 
selling of sterling. 

These problems, however, 
should not be exaggerated. 
UK wages growth traditional- 
ly lags recorded inflation and 
there is a good chance that the 
rise in unit labour costs will 
be lower by the year end. 
although still above those of 
Britain's major competitors. 

Similarly, sharp rises in 

money supply growth arc 
potentially inflationary, bm 
not unduly so in a climate of 
low “imported" inflation. 

While the emergence of a 
current account deficit is 
likely to be of greaier con- 
cern . ii should remain within 
manageable proportions m 

On the political from, the 
next election could be as laic 
as mid- 1988 and the domes- 
tic economic climate, includ- 
ing unemployment, could 
prove much more favourable 
by then. 

Added to all this, (he 
substantial real interest rate 
cushion suggests that another 
Barber boom, such as was 
encouraged by the Tories in 
1970s. is unlikely this time. 

Where does this leave the 
gill market? Mv view is that 
after its significant rise at the 
turn of the year, some correc- 
tion in gills was to be 
expected. As I see it. the 
deterioration in the gilt mar- 
ket which has taken place 
since mid-April is unlikely to 
last much longer. 

Importantly, the US bond j 
market appears to be stabiliz- 
ing: poor recent US economic 
growth data, together with 
the Mexican debt crisis with 
its serious implications for 
the US banking structure, 
should reduce the prospect of 
any Fed lightening and sup- 
port US bond prices in the 
near term. 

As the year progresses in- 
vestors in gilts arc likely to 
refocus attention on 
favourable British inflation 
and short-term interest rate 

As expectations for infla- 
tion m 1 987 and 1988 dimin- 
ish. the gilt market is likely to 
establish a yield base nearer 8 
per cent by the year-end 
compared with 9.5 per cent at 

However, given poor UK 
institutional liquidity and the 
authorities' need to increase 
the rate of funding, the 
improvement in bond prices 
will not be smooth. 

Jeffrey Mizrahi 

The author is chief economist' 
at the stockbroker .Stiron 
Mi Hit. 

SWFTY! The new Securicor Express service that carries 
urgent documents and parcels through the night . . . securely, salely, ° 

swiftly . . . and dealers them before 9.00 a.m. almost anywhere on 
mainland UK, Monday to Friday and before noon Saturday. 

It’S only £12* to send a compact SWIFTY document pack; 

£75* for the larger SWIFTY, and £ 19 ’ for up to 5 kilograms for 
more bulky items that do not fit easily into either SWIFTY pack. j 

Above 5 kgs, there's a small charge of 50p for each additional kg: ! Comp any 
upper limit is 25 kgs. I 

For a rapid pick-up, or more information, telephone our 1 
dedicated UK-wide LinkLine 0345 20 0345 (ringing us will only j 
cost you the price of a local call, no matter where you are on I 

mainland UK). Thees are exclusive of vat. | 

Securicor Express, 24 Giltingnam Street, 
London SW1V1HZ 

Please send me further information on SWIFTY 
and other Securicor Express serwess. 



SWIFTY, the UK overnight service fordoamenls and parcels. L_ 




Inflation prospects ‘worsening’ 


The sharp fail in the rate of 
inflation to 2.8 per cent raises 
the question of whether infla- 
tion has come good too soon. 
Economists now see trouble 
for the Government in the 
likely profile of inflation over 
the next two years. 

After dipping again this 
month, the rate is set to steady 
around 3 per cent until sum- 
mer 1987. 

After that, with the first- 
" round effects of lower oil 
, prices having come through, 
“mortgage rates less helpful and 
■ strong growth in earnings 
continuing, it will head up- 
: wards, probably into the 4 per 
cent to 5 per cent range. 

“Things start to look rather 
, bad after next summer.” Mr 
' Keith Skeoch, chief economist 
. at James Capel, said. “From 
the point of view of the 
: economy, the general election 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

has to take place then.” 

Some analysts already claim 
to have detected an attempt to 
keep base rates high this year, 
to produce better inflation 
numbers when they eventual- 
ly fall. 

This is taking too Machia- 
vellian a view, but can be 
argued via the exchange rate. 

in rejecting entry into the 
European Monetary System 
last Tuesday, Mrs Thatcher 
said: “To do so would deny us 
an option which we have at 
the moment. When you get 
speculation against sterling, 
there are only two ways of 
dealing with iL 
“One is using up precious 
reserves™ and secondly, by 
sharply putting up the interest 
rate. One is denied the option 
of taking the strain ou the 
exchange rate.” 

The Treasury is now keen to 

emphasize the retail price 
index, excluding mortgage 
rates. A year ago, the pub- 
lished inflation rate was 7 per 
cent or. excluding mortgage 
interest rates, just over 5 per 

Last month, the effect was 
in the opposite direction, re- 
corded inflation of 2.8 per cent 
becoming 3.1 per cent when 
mortgage rates are excluded. 

Leaving out the sharp fell in 
petrol prices, the underlying 
inflation rate has probably 
moved down from between S 
per cent and 6 per cent to 
between 3 per cent and 4 per 
cent. But, even on this mea- 
sure, it is likely to turn up 
from next summer. 

There is also the puzzle of 
when and if higb rates of 
broad money growth will feed 
through to higher inflation. 

The 3 per cent sterling M3 

jump in the May banking 
month now looks to be m large 
part explai ned by a sharp 
rundown -in non-residents’ 
sterling deposits, according to 
Mr Robert Thomas, chief 
economist at Green wefl-Mon- 
tagu. Bui this leaves the strong 
increases of earlier months. 

There has been a big build- 
up of liquidity in the econo- 
my. This money carmot be 
expected to. . remain idle 

The counterpart of strong 
broadmoney growth has been 
seen in asset prices. It may 
also explain strong growth in 

If, as some monetarists 
argue, this money will eventu- 
ally spill over into inflation in 
the goods market, the City 
forecasts ofa gentle rise in the 
inflation rate could prove too 

Food distributors put on weight 





In a further move towards the establishment of 
Barclays new international investment bank - 
Barclays de Zoete MCfedd - the following companies 
will change their names from 16th June: 

Barclays Merchant Bank Limited 

Barclays de Zoete Wedd Limited 
Telephone: 01-6232323 
Telex: 8812124 BZWG 
Facsimile: 01-623 6075 

Barclays Investment 
Management Limited 

Barclays de Zoete Wfedd Investment 
Management Limited 
Telephone: 01-248 9155. 

Telex: 887521 BARTSTG 
Facsimile: 01-248 1180 

Barclays Property Investment 
Management Limited 

Barclays de Zoete Wedd Property 
Investment Management Limited 
Telephone: 01-248 9155 
Telex: 887521 BARTST G 
Facsimile: 01-248 1180 

Barclays Futures limited 

Barclays de Zoete Wfedd Futures Limited 
Telephone: 01-626 0588 
Telex: 892667 BZWFUTG 
Facsimile: 01-6260588 
. ext.8377 


One of the most interesting 
subsectors the USM has 
spawned over the last two 
years is food distribution. 
Changes in ransomer shop- 
ping habits, the trend far 

healthier earing, ami the. at- 
tractive margins available 
have led to the supermarkets 
capturing an increasira mar- 
ket share in sales of fresh 

The supermarkets have de- 
manded of their producers 
top-quality produce at com- 
petitive prices delivered regu- 
larly and efficiently, and have 
also been anxious to rational- 
ize the chain of distribution in 
what is still a highly fragment- 
ed industry. For the large 
suppliers, which have invest- 
ed the capital required in cold- 
storage farilftifa, this has 
presented the opportunity for. 
several years of growth. 

Hunter Saphir, Appletree, 
Whitworth’s F®sste and Wold 
amt to the market to capital- 

foe on these opportunities. 1984 . the group hos exp«ried 
The market was receptive and its distribution dinaonjffhicb 
the -shares were well received handle group yn&Kts and 
on flotation. The last IB work f or ootew le ” 
months, however, with two manuf acturers, im. company 

severe winters ami a poor sees this 
summer, have been difficult. source of 
For a company heavily t he n ext 
oriented to root oops such as division : 

sees this as an important 
source of profit growih over 
the next few years. Another 
division specializes in the 

Uirouira KM A VMS _ . -• f ^11 . 

Whitworth, this is not snffi- production of added-wriue 
dent to prevent losses. The - recipe dishes and this has 

company was recently taken 
over by Booker at 45p, just 
under half of the price ft was 
floated at 

moved into profit in the last 

Phillips & Drew, the com- 
pany’s broker, is too king for 

Two companies to emerge protox 
with credit from this period February 1987 of£2J5 mjj- 
are Hunter Saphir and Apple- (com^o^wrai 
tree. Both tew produced 1km m 1985-86). This places 

figures reflecting the strength 
of their managements. 

Hunter Saphir is one of the 
. largest suppliers of fruit and 
vegetables in the UK, particu- 
larly strong in citrus Grafts, 
salads, and "exotics” at a time 
when these are gaining In- 
creasing market acceptance. 
Since coming to the market in 

the shares on a prospective p/e 
ratio of 15 times which is 
attractive far what is per- 
ceived as a quality stock. 

Appletree, based in Cam- 
bridgeshire, specializes in the 
prepacking and distribution of 
root vegetables, principally 
potatoes although onions, car- 
rots and cauliflower are also 

important. The company has 
invested : substantially fa 
washing, grading and padmg- 
ing plant to ensure the goods 
are sent to the supermarkets 
prepacked to their .require- 
ments. CoW-storage facilities 
ensure an adeqaate degree of 

The recent interim figures 
for the six months to March 
show profits marginally ahead 
at £4164)00 (compared with 
£ 390,000 last year) and against 
the very difficult background 
these results are satisfact or y. 
The market is looking for 
pretax profits in a range of 
£850,000 to £900,000 for the 
fall year, which leaves the 
shares on a prospective rating 
of approximately 15 times. As 
the company continues to gain 
market share, the stock has 
steady growth prospects. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is amember of the 
smaller companies unit m 
Phillips £ Drew. 




06 4j6 120 

2.1 IBUD 
OB 23T7i 

3.1 25 134 

26 1.1 .. 
93 28147 

7.1 15 117 

Mb 7 O U 
U 7.4 I 

Bm Rates* 

Clearing Banks 10 
Finance House 10* 

Discount Marital Loam % 

Treasury BOs (Discount %) 

3mntti 9*11 3mnth S’ a 

Prime Bank BUa (Discount %) 
1mnth9 n »-8K 2 ninth &-9% 
Stnntfi 9°t*-9«b; fimnch 9U-SH 

Trade BUs (Discount %) 

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3mrati IVtt 8 ninth 9Y. 


Overnight open 10 dose 13 
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Local Aothority Deposits (%) 

2 days 9% 7 days fe 

imnth 9*>if 3 ninth 9% ■ 

fimnth 9 J »* I2mtt>9% 

Locs) Authority Bonds (%) 

1 (With 10%-1DX Zmnth 10K-I0 
3 ninth 1O%-0% Gmnth 9%-9ft 

Smnth 9X-9J4 12mth 9%-S% 


7 days 6%-«“w 
3 moth 7'i»6»w 

7 days «-4X 
3 mntfi yiH 'a 
French Prime 
7 days T’leT'a 
3mnth 7 ’u»-7»m 
S wiss Fisk 
7 days 1 K- 1 % 
Smnth 4%-4% 

7 days 4%-4% 

3 north 4U»4 “m 

caB 7%S% 

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6 ninth 7H-7 
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1 mntfl 4Fto-4 ] n 
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1 mnth 

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1 mnth 4544* 

6 mnth 4%-4S 




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BO -70 
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22 252 



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. +JO. 





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18 170 
44 150 


10 412 




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00 30L2 




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150 20 


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03 253 

... 03 


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10b 17 15.1 

USM L- i 

3.1 2.1 283 
23 73 87 

1.1 1.1 ISO 

7.1 123 383 

57 13 

184 1 

3.7 OB 
25 21 





Krugerrand* (per coin): 

S 347.00-34£L50(E228JXJ-229.00) 

Sterling CDs (%) 

1 twrth 10<ieS«*« 

1 iitetli 10'>«-9 4 w Smnth 9 , »i*9"« 
Smnth 12 mth BM>« 

1 mnth 630-0 JS Smnth &95-&S0 
fimnth 7 .00-595 12 mm 7.1 5-7. ID 

"Excludes VAT 


Applets: E402JBm - - mated: CtOQcn 
Bias: ES7.65S% received: 18% 

Lest week: £97.725% raoowa«£83% 
Avge rats: £SL3522% test wfc£&.1 142% 
Next week: El 00m - rapfecetfOOm 


23 57120 
23 25 140 
53 03.73 

07 28 70 1 

72 30184 
08 10284 




25 73 29 
21 23234 
04 17 126 
83 83158 

.. • .. 75.0 * 

84 24153 
40 24 210 
23 20 122 

How confident are you that the company 
managing your gilt portfolio is acting purely 
in your interest? If the company is also 
involved (directly or indirectly) in the trading 
of gihs, then the objectivity of their advice 
could easily be in question. 

With Reserve Asset Managers this 
potential problem simply does not exist We 
are a substantial and leading independent 
adviser, providing a highly professional 
approach based on years of research and 

Our role is to provide strictly objective 
advice and management We specialise 
exclusively in the field of fixed-interest 
investments. We do not participate in the 

selling or in market-making of gilts. We are 
remunerated by fee only. 

Only in this way, we believe, can all 
conflicts of interest be eliminated. 

Our clients indude pension funds, mer chant 
banks, insurance companies, charities, 
stockbrokers, investment management 
orga n isa t ions and individual investors. 

Every portfolio is under constant review. 
This positive approach to gilt investment is 
essential, we believe, if you are to receive the 
best return from your portfolio. We always 
match the risk profile to individual needs. 

For a brochure explaining our services in 
more detail, please contact George McNeill 
on 01-283 4985. 

Manag in g 



Mr Rupert Murdoch, Chair- 
man of News International, 
has announced the appoint- 
ment of two Joint General 
Managers. They are Mr John 
Cowley, until now the Direc- 
tor of Operations, London 
Post (Printers) Limited and 
Mr Leon Hertz, Associate 
Publisher of the New York 

They will take over the 
duties of Mr Bill Gillespie, the 
Managing Director of London 
Post (Printers) Limited and 
Times Newspapers Limited 
who has resigned to be the 
Publisher and Managing Di- 
rector of the proposed new 
London evening paper to be 
published by Mr Robert 

“Mr Gillespie is leaving us 
with our best wishes after five 
years of great success with our 
newspapers,” Mr Murdoch 

This atbertistmau appears as a maUer of raord only. 


tit « (i 

Reserve Asset Managers Limited 

licensed Deafen In Securities 

The specialists in Gflrand Fixed Interest I nv e st ment 

3 Gracec hu rch Street 
London ectvoab 
Telephone ot-283 4985 



ABN ..10.00% 

Adam & Company 10.00% 

BCC1 10.00% 

Citibank Savings! 1075% 

Consolidated fids 101)0% 

Continental Trust 10.00% 

CMpetatire Bank 1100 % 

C. Hoare & Co 

Hong Kong & Shanghai. 

Hows Bank 

Nat Westminster 

Royal Bank of Scotland. 


Citibank «A 


— 10 . 00 % 


- 10 . 00 % 

- 10 . 00 % 


— 10 . 00 % 

t Mortgage Bore fine. 

(Incorporated in Guernsey 

under the Companies (Guemsey) Laws 1908 to 1973) 

£100,000,000 nominal of 9.364 per cent. 
Debenture Stock 1991 

Placing Price £97.50 per cent. 

Placing by 
James Capel & Ca 

Particulars of the Debenture Stock are available in the Statistical 
Services of Extel Statistical Services Limited. Copies of the Listing 
Particulars relating to the Company may be obtained during ns! 1 ?! 
business hours up to and including 17th June, 1986 from the 
Company Announcements Office of The Stock Bxiehange and up to 
and including 27th June^ 1986 firom: 

Banqae faribas 
68 Lombard Street 
London EC3V 1EH 

James Capel & Co- 
James Capel House 
PO Bax 551 
6 Bern Mark. . 
London EC3 A 7JQ 

13th June, 1986 



MONDAY JUNE 16 1986 



*+ c*#- mutor 

- «ui i»^fj 

**n* ++*»• 



i*» «M Bup »;-*1 

*' S “ 1 «•' 

MX Ml. «*M» -n 


and week’s change 

_ end June 27; §Con tango day June 30. Settlement day July 7. 
bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

— ^told — 

© Times Nmns LknM 


Claims required for 
. +34 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

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1.3544- we* Mvr MSV X TT .. 77 

340- e*»u- - - 2S5- *10 7.1 SS 1*1 

wO ' 

% - ' - 

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232 2m Br Umd 1» 

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2050000 CMd (A1 SSona *1 

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270 • -10 17.1 681 X 7 

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6*0 *10 200 31 262 

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2213m ocean Trannwt 196 -2 93 

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8011000 Rtranan OMHen ids a+7 71 

1690400 Ttt-bUI GcoB 375 -5 124 


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£ 5 . 60 p.h. (S/hand) S 6 . 40 p.h. (WP) 

Our senior level team is constantly in demand in central London. We are 
extremely busv and are looking for first dass secretaries to join me team 
which has established an excellent reputation over the years. 

You should have speeds of lOO-fiO. 2 years’ Director level secretarial 
experience in London and proficient WJP. skills, particularly on Wang and 

Our skilled temps are all paid the same hourly rates and there are always 
permanent opportunities to explore- 

Make temping a rewarding experience by working at the level you deserve 
where you will be positively appreciated. 

Please telephone us now tor an immediate appointment; 

01-434 4512 (West End) 01-588 3535 (City) 

Crone Corkill 



Can you accept the challenge of looking after a Partner or one of 
the Country's leading Consultancies in traffic engineering, plan- 
ning and landscape? 

You will need initiative, a pleasant manner in dealing with client 
and staff queries, and be able to work independently as well as top 
class secretarial skills. Accuracy of typing is paramount; a Wang 
OA is provided. There will be some shorthand and audio. 

Benefits include a salary of £9,000+, Christmas Bonus and 
flexitime. Please apply with C.V, quoting REC/A/I97 to; 

Director of Personnel 


136 Long Acre 
London WC2E 9AE 

Good Secretaries 

Get better with Manpower 

Temporaries who are already pretty good when they join, find 
they get even better with Manpower. 

Developing wider skills through our free training including 
W/Ps and personal computers. Even more interesting (and 
challenging) work. Even better pay and conditions. 

• Senior Secretaries 

• W/P Secretaries •PA's 

Get an even better working life by casing Manpower now 

O MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 

Temporary Suff 


Two first class PA Secretaries needed by Directors of 

expanding PR Agency. Good typing, shorthand and 
organisational skills . Training on WP; regular client 
liaison; arranging press briefings; client presentations^ 
Superb new offices, dynamic environment. 4 weeks holi- 
day, annual bonus, salary negotiable up to £8,000 pa. 
Experience of PR, the Press or the City useful but not 

For further details please contact; Ruth Westlake 
or Lynn Fuller on 01-489 1441.. 



We are a weU known practice in Holland Park. We are looking for a 
Secretary to work with two partners. Age 25+ with three years experience. 
Salary £ 9.000 in the first instance. No Agents. Please write in confidence 
with CV to 

Yolanda Craig. Andrew Downje & Partners 
6 Addison Avenue, 

London Wll 4QR 

A Time to Temp 



Th> Senor Partner of a m- 
specM am of Owtered 
Accountants seeks a nature. 
rteSqja* PA capable of keep- 
mg hw steps ahead of tarn. 

As modi of Ms w«k is docaly 
abed to Lloyds, hngtvng con- 
srtnMe dsn contact 
absotate tact and conWantiahty 
aw mi an tii l Yen W oqpnre 
Ms tusness and personal 
sctaUes. Unite ta most- 
mem oortfcAo and supervise a 
jonor secretary. 

Educated may to mdmte 
tewl. yav ocdlent sooal sMte 
and seaor leva) experience oil 
dow you to tata Ml advantage 
•of ths de ma wtng (warn 

•toe 3W0 SMs 100/50 

726 8491 

What do you look for from temporary work? H|gh 
rewards, certainly —but more besides? The question Is 
valid, because in today's marker, you dir hare a choice. 
Our wm temporaries form an exclusive, high calibre 
team: our clientele amongst the most prestigious in 
London. With good skills, quite frankly you can make 
good money anywhere. But if you want the best, In 
every sense, then give me a call. Wa Dyson, on 01 -493 

; V&.i» JLi .1 L> il3 ;< 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 

(Recruitment Consultants) 


£ 10,000 

19TH JBffE 
5 JO PM-7.30 PM 

An interesting opportunity exists to work far two 
dynamic consultants In a well-known international 
Management Consultancy in W1. Preparing pre- 
sentations and client liaison are just sane or your 

greatly appreciated. If you are 26-25 with accurate 
audio/copy typing 50+ and two years see. exp.. 

us on 

437 6032 


To aS appVc an B H look- 
ing tor a new job seams 
Sts trying to cut your 
way through the Jungle 
why not let us make your 
path a Bttte easie r. Jan 
us in a glass of Ptmms 
and hear about a8 cxr 
new vacancies, we wet- 
come ccfcege leavers, 
secretaries, PR. sales 
and marketing 


BSVP Bt-f3S 8235 
be cm 




Deal with the press, help with executive recruit-' 
merit and be more of an assistant than secretary to 
this top American executive. An excellent choice 
to feel really involved and *usa ths grey matter! 50 
wpm typing and WP experience essential. 


Excellent speeds and a strong personalty together 
with eieganoe and a sense of style are essential 
qualities needed for this job at this Inte r n ati on a l 
fashion house. Organise everything from charity 
balls to board level meetings. 


Join this fun but extremely professional firm of 
chartered surveyors in Berkeley Square. This part- , 
ner Is more interested hi someone with lots of 
personality than fast typing. Lots of lunches and 
social does to organise too! 50 wpm typing and 
rusty shorthand useful. 

.. • ttwMadw 01-499 8070 
45 Old Bond Street London W.l. 

Elizabeth Hunt 


£8,500 - £11,000 

A now quality newspaper about to bo launched is looking for 
secretaries in arts, home news ad feabrss. You should be 
team spirited, mil organised and hare Jots of initiative. Brand 
. now spaefaaiar offices aid 5 weeks. 60 wpm typing needed, 
sbortand preferred. 


Based in the My, join this welfknmrncLtsiimef company as 
secretary to their sales (factor. You totally orgafee Ms 
office, set up travel a r an g ema nts and conterences, enjoying a 
PA role. Free products ad superb suhsfc&ses nmai. 
100/60 skills and WP oxperisna oeaded. 


23 0ctiegeHflLonck»EC4 01-240 3551 J 

Elizabeth Hunt 


£ 10,000 . 

Join this very successful W1 PR consultancy as sec- 
retary to a young, extrovert board director. He is in 
charge of a range of int ere s tin g clients and needs you. 
to take over all office administration. Lively, informal 
soda! atmosphere. 90/50 stilts needed. 


to £11,000 

A leading international investment bank based in the 

A leading international nvestment bank based in the 
heart of Mayfair seeks a professional and experienced 
secretary to their personnel manager. You II act as 
very much an assistant and enjoy a fuH PA role. 
Sumptuous offices and good benefits. 80/60 stilts 
and WP experience essential and preferably ‘ A' level 
Engfish. ^ ’ / 


KGosvenorSteet LondonWl 01-240 3$3* 


European operation of a major US Record 
Company is moving its head office to Lon- 
don and has asked ire to recruit several 
secretaries. Their various vacancies .range 
from (Sraduet marketing, handling artists, ar- 
ranging tours and promotion right through to 
working in the classical music division. 

We are seeking bright enthusiastic people, 
aged 23+ with good sec skills (90/50+) who 
are prepared to get totally involved in this 
exciting world. 

C all us now on 01-499 6566 




£9,500 p-a. pins staff discoaat 

Work as part of a busy team at our presti- 
gious Mayfair offices. We are a Property 
Development Company who require a short- 
hand and audio secretary (age 21-28) with 
a sense of responsibility (and a sense of 

Telephone for an interview 

Paula Wallace on 01-409 2322 

Dixons Commercial Properties Ltd 
(Part of the Dixons Group pic) 


Expanding Residential LeniiQ Agency needs first dass 
secretary to join friendly, young team. Most be bard 
working and flexible- Lots of eftem contact 

Send fop CV to 
Orr-Ewing- Associates 
110 - 212 Kings Road 
London SW3 

I X 


The All England Women’s Lacrosse Asso- 
ciation i (AEWLA) is seeking, a Chief 
Executive to run its HQin London and to . 
take executive responsibility in the. day to 
day administration of women's lacrosse in i 

Applicants sho u ld have sound adminis- 
trative experience, typing-ability 
familiar with modem office technology. 
Ability to communicate effectively wife 
the Association’s voluntary workforce" is 

Salary scale £9,500 - £1 1,500 : pa. 

Applications should be made in tedfing, 
enclosing a typed curriculum vitate, fco> 

- Mrs J Cantell 
Chief Executive 

16 Upper Woburn Place- 
London WC1H OQJ 

Closing date for applications: Friday 
4th July . 

Interviews will be held Tuesday 15th Juty. 


We have increased our rates for ALL temporary 
positions, so call us now if you are a> 




There has never been a better time to temp info 
KeSy Girl. ■ 

CaD us on: 

105-109 Strand, WC2 
01-038 3856 
163 New Bond St, W1 
01-483 3051 

62-63 Fendiurch St. EC3 
01-480 6367 
240 High HoBmm, WC1 
01-242 1032 
45 South Motion St, W1 
01-629 6821 


£ 10,000 

SW3-- tartesfc totees. young awfonmert wd pmnptiaal pnx- - 
peos be tta item) to someone wft a strong flnmafactynjnd 0 
Dijcw tawL B u te stnrttete stts anAttolabify to Dast'afafl 
teuton- assorts) as is i Ur fcr oqpnfadkm. jou nd tBxxgantaig - 
jrart.asftrfTrasqc- ;ir 

Cafl Joanna ' 


Tra dera Back-up Assistant . 

— ... __ cEICWKWaae 

Ywg aoMteoi wcond-totoari or erc i hnl nritegatawi m* might 
' by ftHy tewd dynm Senates Horn to wrist MB) a«oc dudes on 

toe Traino Root. Seamans) sfctts woott bean asset but 70% of jour 
Orae ml 6e octupted wth stintei atone) 

occupted will admin atone! 

CaB Mary HoSancf 

01-638 9205/01-628 0494. 

Get Into Colour 

to £8,500 

Great oparing fora ymn^ sec, with this advisory body 
in the world of fariiiou cosmetic* and periumay This 
is & friendlj environment where the needs 

of the job come first and everyone works as a ***m- 
Mayfeir-based. yob will enjoy beaatfful offices and 
J®riew Co nfi d en t, outgoing personality 
and m ini m um 18 months' experience requested. Age 
3H-. Please call 01-409 1232. 

RMuHiaentCMmllinli' ■■ONBINN 

A rcsponsibie searettry with initiative is required to 
join the Exhibition Team of the National Trust to 

commence wort on I September 1986. Based at its 
London Head Office, dunes include the general run- 
ning of lbe -office, organisation of small displays. 

The post would be suitable for a graduate wiifa good 
secretarial skills. 

Salary range: £7.000 - £7.600 Per Armm 
Please write, enclosing CK to: 

M3» EEnbgft AOmark 

Personnel Section 
The National Trust 
36 Qomb Anne's Gate 
London, SW1H9AS 
Charing date: 7 Jviy 1986- 

Cuddle up to a WP. . . 

You know hpw ft is. Hbu should learn more about 
WP A new system. An extra language. But how? 
Look no furthec As a W>rk Shop temp you can 

enjoy one-to-one training — In a friendly and 
unhurried environment — across a whi* nn» 

unhurried environment — across a wide 
of WP systems. - ■ - 

The training is fee. Ami afterwards you earn 
mote. Sounds OK? Then caD me, Sue Cooke, 
today on 01-409 1232. 

Be cjviIUucui Ccn«nltroH- amiMM 


required for small West End firm of Surveyors 
and Valuers. Successful. applicant will be work- 
ing for Partners dealing primarily with' 
property investment and development. 

WP experience would be an advantage. Good 
salary offered. 

Apply to Julian Arundel. William H Brown 
Mills & Wood. 15 Albemarle- Street. London 
W|. Telephone 01 499 5281 

UK administra tor 

Fi nancial firm urgently -requ ires an 

efficient and inteflwent person to organise and 

expanding UK team of cgnsosante. - ■ 

Suitable candidates are likely to he 25+ wrfb 
several years f»dm m ba rataon exp erien ce and tly 
ability to work on their own initiative with nuzri- 
mal. supervision. PrevrouS experienc e .o f 
organising seminars or pron wti o n al /i aa Acti ng 
events would also be dearaWe. Salaivwfil^h® 
/•yunmfewcurafat with experimice and aonity but 
wiD be-qirca £9^00. - 
Please apply is writing with a fu2 CV to: 
Glenn Stone, . Cipfa Services lAd, Hums 
House, 10 Dean Farrar St, I>n<fonSWtH 
ODX or ring Simone Lee on 01-2223438 
for an. infearmal disensskm. (Closing dale 
27th Jane 1086, no agencies please). 




£ 10 , 000 + 

Must -hav & ex ceUent typing far .heavy, 
workload, WP experience. Responsible 
for travel arzangranents, etc. Charming- 
firm of Chartered Accountants based 
in City. ! .. . .. . 

01-469 0404 . 


PERSONNEL SEC. £9,000+15% 
Outstanding chance to inv o lv ed In Paraonad 
Admin. arerGradnata B«Jiritro«int tt» teCCTtgy in the 
hob of the personnel dept, agamid 20s. Roxty afaort- 

Stf" 7^^**** " 3baidj ' £ * J0 

Spend 75% of the time oq 
mg-then handle the cot 
Poufaed peaon please to j 

of high firing venture capu 

.. ^£ 10,000 

mit| f Kiiirn* niwT rhn- 

pofH&nce and reports, 
wkh ladV director 


COMMUNICATIONS £9,000 at 21 

Ekqoy^dx wedEs-hoh. and deal with VII% thaTtafe oT 
the year! Lots of anangmg and phone contact m- 
GctosI Managers Youl be bright and aztica- 

bte with A levels. 80/60 wpm. 

European Ma n ag ed are nica hot need lots of aubtls. 
arganisiag in major cooipany in Victoria- Liaise with 
- Germany, hsmSeaB there ansngements and uretber^ 
IBM PC. Good peris. Age eariy 20s. 100/Sfl wpm. 


Ffoy with oompu to re all day is Canpotor Swrice^ 
dept, of international ofl co. in- pioah office»-flet ip 
tapes, ran reports and adrise~mez&. They^ tzanra 
gr>od~ secretary! Age eariy 20*. HRS 8J0/4-®J- - 

5?SS!i oi-283 0iii 



Must have top. class skHis and alF found office 
^ experien c e, capable of dealing with, senior 
executves. Opportunity to be part-of ttevefop- 
isg sinall business. Must be prepaired id take 
active part in daily routine of office. Salary 
£9,QGO.nego8abte. Please apply with CV, set- 

ting out experience. To Micros For Mi 
149 Gloucester Road, London SW 7 4TH 


CatsveMs . c. £10,000 

IbE C terf EraaGac of m W antfunJ Wan company wWa s to be 
Mail in QmnastK StaMcaxantea rwtano i Secretsry/Posand 

Ai arttcoUte. wb> gnxntd ponon witti stwd semtmi qraBicaiMS 
red eqndenci to ndode WBfdDforasiioo is taqind. Forato iwpagR. 
P total and/or French. *ffl be consdanO » awtetags and 
prtBww pwrr to those qpBcants. 

M*d Mitten amktfons dwrid tndude top a riger to datoasMft a 
poraonal testny. 

Womtew aff tea ptote London and Cirencester. 

VWteto: • 

P. A. 

Bex Manor Consultants 
Yanworth House, 

Yanwarth, Cheltenham; GL54 3LQ 

£11,000 p^. + BENEFITS 

Experienced sccrwaiy. aged 28+. required to work for 
two Directors. within a major private company near Sl 
J ames's Pink. 

A high standard of secretarial slriHs indyding short- 
hand. efficiency and. smart appearance are essentiaT for 
tins demanding position. 

Please apply with fuII CV. to 

Maggie MdUmock 
2/6 Catherine Place 
London SWIE 6HF 



gequfred by an established Fashion Manu- 
ncturer for two busy-Otrectoca. This top- posK 
bon requires the best of secreta riat aiy < ornani- 
saoonai sldfls. 

For de taiis of this exdting position please 

Wertdy Swaby or Maureen Gallagher on 
_ 402 6651 - 

Mfwl Wwfcs Recrnttaeat CoBsattaats 
230 Edgeware Road, Loadsa *2 



sjxreutnes. ExceSent typing skills . required but w> 

If you etijoy * yoa ^ jierfcjmyiromnem caflr 1 ' 1 

- - - — -01-734 6030 ' .j 

. . Salary neg'aae . 

: (Na afttades) 



' w ore — mm 

H 5 




tiyjg.^.Sey j irni 

** «p 4 r^rkjyrrt it**/' 7 ; 
t ‘-Af 1 : Di-.r , r 

:3JTJ VS IrRjr, c>» n.*„.y*» 

: *-*m -*p 

tf«nr^,r. ? r»-v:. • J " “ ' 


i ■"■‘13? S"!» tun ' 

h fvV- 

r -T«va cww ' ' 

*p c -*^ :* wrrtjti,' «;-h .. 

; c, ? f « Scrv :ri . 

& lx-*, ' 

# ja&renal diKu^ lrj _ 
>-=* ItfJifi. ai! 



tefapta, S 
IS 5S?2S* «> »■*. no 

Ow i‘a<rv tnxh! — _ 

Las HxS.taW of w«fi . 
flflW MOOOnwnte; . 

Cg r m.Qf. phooa: m ‘\: 

*EST EM : J» 493 3051 
: 01 240 1135 
STWU» : 6t S3C 3055 



Action-jiadwi days await you as one of our Bvaiy. 

alerts, a trend ly team and a caring; 
pera^approach. If you have skills of 80/100 sh or 
?«*». 50+ typ. andW.P. and are 18-25, call us bow. 

437 6032 

- vr*sr.eri.Y! Ac.\.-. r '_ , n .'~, 

** K. 


OI-469 0404 



;<£*& -■***.•* 'j- r- 4 -< i- ... 

,ur . a . ,„'. ( 

J« -V.-' *-r ;; . . ; 

=tfi- S’ - rj> I" 

** ?'■ / A, s'*. 


i-- 3;:: , 

?• :Vu , «£* -■» ■ I- ►>«•■.■ ■• ■ . 
i yeri's: fTTAW • . t ~ 

> MS 4 • 


■A tt-ena 4. :j. <u * ,-ri « •; \ - 
* 7 ? .A3* C l-t-,!' - . 

w -»■» ' • r 

i a ■> • V. • 

wm t.esm 

(4 j\- - . » . 


wffli BtaeHm 

Software Ltd ' . 

SK.muttt pr r*i- — ■ 

{. •Utthl '.rsr 'Vi . •_ • 

- ■' j<: 


ii3 '.’’lejf’.' »• 

-f ')* r '*5** •*'*' 1' - ' - . > 


IL 2 S; oi- 233 ii 

f MOWING commits 

ttfftifeMY IK SOUTH 

wnhcton require 
£ ASUL we l l TRAINED 

Hy • nIS .■*'•■• 

‘•iR. _ “ | 

si ?e, , fci5£ !• ’• '• * 

as*-- v :; : *t * . "■ 

'WZ.h+L*: '•*•■•*■■ 

Jsfk'Vi." J ' ‘ 

*TAif ;ras:*i; 


:j*r*r«=- *? «f — • ' 


Requires axparianoBd . 
tnedeal secretary. 
Shorthand gml audio 
/ wobssw*. 

Salary ngoBsHfc_ 

• ■' CWs toe 

surre 2 , 

11-12 WIMPOlt ST, 
01^378805. . 




Young and friendly 
Commercial Department 
require capable secretary 
with audio/WP experi- 
i ence. Must have good 
telephone manner £ccd- 
teni working conditions. 
Terms by negotiation. 

Contact Mrs Morgan 
on - 

01-945 7700 

£10*000. - £124100 

New Fwd Manager from tta 
States needs an wmiaent 
weM educatsd PA^ecretrey 
to pnwios Drat dass aap- 
pett Tte right cantttato.wM 
needexcaBantakOS, 1 00/60. 
WP uxperiencft (prefer** 
(BM) and a mature flexlbto 
attUude to work. A knowf- 
*dg> oMhe Stock Market, 
in lha UK, would 

01*831 2401 

Iteniflmnt and 
TraMNg Coosrtaats 

won rVOGL oOUmirtt, 

. Ward Pint Openbre 

A Mn selection of assign- 
ments in TV. FStre. Adver- 
tettog. Music; Theatre aid 
VMbol • • 

CaN POm or Kata oa 


-aadAecoroe-a J dti ifi ndaa 
bmp - will love a 

# r r pc * 

i ; L*ni r-, 
Nf^rwlfne.-f 1; tbp 

wicati+.-f *.-.d i*! i 
'.idwJt-ire ur.rt IJfty 

W1 SoOdtors seek Secre- 
tary who thrives on ra- 
sponsiaMy to work lor 
Co Coranedcal Patear in 
trie&By ottos. 

Cafl Mrs. Keegan. Acme 
Legal Appta, » Canran 
SL .EC4. 01r220 7077. 
Silidr i si ather Tap' 

Cfly S V/EPmUmt. 


Is looking for a Trilingual Secretaiy. Italian an 
advantage. Age 20-30. Some interestiri antiques.' 
Salary according to ag£ and experience: 9JO- 
530. ' : ... • ■ 

Please triepfeone Ol-839 7664' 

S twla iy /lteftTm 



: ;** ‘ •- 

• X' 

* 5 '" ' 

***Z2*C*l ;;S0j? 

I*** It** ' 




WaB educated. pnaantaUe 
and eothusK- i^c Audio Sec- 
retary . required '-tor 
corvsutart sunwyora in St 
Jatnea. SW1. Vaned ami In- 
tv^ng work. Salary 

01-030 7321 
Pef AEF) ' 

pa th am £ii.uoomii.- rnw 
cny drteka ftrm ctoe L**rt Si 
- Stn. He mods j dtftJanu! ’•to* 
fl wow an Wttiaw. fi: H 
'wre «r IBM t>. v>. con syurii 
Leno. OlHce An«*k t,* Sinclair 
Morrtml RKntnmcnl ConuM- 
Unte. WI. 0l"»So zS3t - 

• tfr fo & i v it , rjfc * 


then, recrudment manager. TotaHy organee framing sessions for 
ciwoonsijltartefrom starrta fmsh:AgoodtflQgm»dtBam 
spirited manner essenhal. BeautiW offices, stdisirfisad tench 
amt Tree products. SOwpm typing abi% needed, shorthand 


\2^ Bedford Street London WC2 0h2TO 35n> 


c£ 10,000 

tocoi Mrith pea* - retted nutos of akrewntM 6 »r- 
sorai men nxphee specs! quaes a camg w d earn 

* tnMM WWh vb csrentBL 
Htacn Bg se cnaarai rote offers a tmadtii g & ^ 
opponiaiilytobecopieatey ftgiregararteeingmbsaiisiaciton. 
Matt cMn idaaL CM 01 SB8 an. 




for medical directors in Wl area. Age 30-45. 
Salary negotiable. 

Contact 01-637 3136 
(No accedes) 


WP £64)0 * S/H £6.30 * AUDIO £6.00 
Jackie Keegan Acme Appts 
88 Cannon Street EC4 
01-220 7077 

eutun wwimbt 

ceaoo ror w«i cm mWi- 
ten. Trt tn aw 8686 Cental 
cm emp Apr 

ensue kutkm - sax 
0)000 '* VwnMM WP 

sUhmnMtd' TrlOI 2408686 
Onto* GUI Onto- Aw 
fECMCMMCS far. .AnWira* 
Praam-’ Prtn^Ol* Wiatoto 

r«v Wh-lWH AJ»ASg«la»t 
Rtv Cons PI 53W 0832 “ . 
sucx&nxzsb Moaiaw, 

■town w*. 

irnsS » MBA MV • 

nmF/mcr/mr wrwuwiw 
•wlilr xng tn Weal Cnfl. Age 
»*, remv’.ptoi *«. CTAQO+*. 
Ftatr mcniRnwwr. Ot«*2222 
tfiph oki 

rec skmisuaL wth Fmxrti 
• 6 H.-2rwa lor ary Bank. Exr 

.Ml * nwrtwgr prrti Flair R*. 

mvuwfiL 95B 3332 letg'aw 

OK» , • - _ . . 

SHriuno m 22 +' cnaooo. 

. STt, lr*« PPri rot yoona Cxrru- 
IM.' .IWMBM Co. a»m 
"offifrv nrar Uimwol St BFUto 
%mo Aey W 4*M, 
fowwaw Mrjm. - m. 

. Agree* - to - PuM i u e w n. 
Chop txsrxp uvtty. OQtaettta. 
ao* can EWB*:6a5 oast 
, KMrina.iwvunt. 

Research .Sec 
c£9 f (KK) 

Historic Bbtklings 

Exceptional opportunity 1 to 
get tuny Imotved to coor- 
dinating trie conservation of 
buthings ot particular hte- 
tonc interest Rasaarch 
Inton nat ion about tine arts. ! 
toxtaes and a wide spectrum 
ot national treasures- Fu» 
.sacretarito sigiport to On 
Councfl which InckKJes ex- 
taratva Kason wtti 
Unlvarslty Cepes, museums 
and research institutes. 

Phone Para Roberts 
01-626 5283 
Staffplan Rec Cons. 

£ 10,000 

Senior PA to as&& top 
Director. High volume of 
client liaison and admin 
back-up. Attend meet- 
ings and Press functions 
Dealing with highly con- 
fidential work- 90/50. 
Based m West End. 

493 8676 . 

or after 7pm 

. 599 4377 

Duke SL JRec Cow 

This oqKmdho Maetant Bank 
wgantty isquns a ttoohL ambi- 
taxis secrasasy/ PA to tfes 


C. £11^06+ 

Ctty based company requkfe 
list class PA to orensa and 
tun dw Managing Director's 
office. To prowto Ml and ex- 
tensive secrstriaJ/adnw- 
shttve dunes. canMatBs 
shotid to educ^ed in al least 
'A' level standard, have mini- 
mum sMis of 100/60 and WP 
expenanca. They must be wen 
presented and possess pose, 
tact and discretion. Preferred 
age 254-. . 

01-831 2401 


R m mMmbI aad 

Tnl atop 



A superb SH Sec «ih I m pra ssi re 
sMMs and exjwiwce on an fflM PC 
Is rewired to pin this friendly B- 


job m 

- then Stan hefetoD to get |Dta 
tor other people. A Wes End re- 
autowre amBtavey metis 
mow then just yoor secreQnai 
Wp. (No shonhand). You mil 
not ho i n t euiee iai g canritiates 
to iota - are's dm by wpen- 
enced emsutonts - bat W be 
■waived a almost everyttang 
else. So II is addon to good 
lying and a wftngness to ban 
WP. you tare a (holy, outgoing 
petsmtoy and are aged 19-23, 
you raid start on a career in the 
resnrenent safe at penomi 
tort * £7,500. 

of Bond St. 

RcenHUnMil CooadUnu 4 
0HU9 t2M .cM: 



Evening WP 

Yoor own prevkus hgd ex- 
periaw* and abiHy to organise 
other peoole wfl constitute an 
ideal bacto - xxl for this job 
as supervisor. Between the 
hours ot 4pm and 10pm you 
wiK cotirol 3 centres equipped 
with Wordpfax so some hnow 6 
edge of that specific equip- 
mere wndd toe useM - a good 
won! processing background 
essential. Ring our legal 


AGE 29-23 

The outstanriin^y success- 
ful Amman bank needs 
ambitious secretaries with 
one years- sound experi- 
ence who wtU thrive in an 

s^reftoT'Srn 0 based 
structure. This organisation 
offers opportunities lor 'A' 
tower and Graduate sec- 
retaries to make a unique 
Individual cornrtoution in a 
blue-chip environment. 

Skills: 90/60 



/Sri i) Kr < •'iJ'xT 

1 . • » i ■ ■ > 

[,.I t u.Au^ r 

rwifatTS f frFX 

I ail tf 3 Cj *ai) BrXl:fyT?: 

Ev V -/L 


(B8B Secretarial] 

For London Headquarters 
ISWt) of UdunuuionBi Gam- 
p»iy engMad to tire safe of 
products to the 



Required 1 for priyate 
practice m South Kjen- 
singM 3 n--Hour 5 9.00 a.m. 
- 7.00 p.m. Monday to 
Friday. Salary £10.000 
pa. Non-smoker. Typing 
speeds 60 wpm. BUPA 
cover. 4 weeks holiday. 
To flart August 1st 1986. 

01-584 6511 


Leading Chocda tiers in Old. Bond Street and 
Knighisbridge require an Assistant for the Manag- 
ing Director working from Old-Bond Street 
.Responsibilities will include mail order, per- 
sonal accounts and customer relations. 709 
admin, po shorthand required. 

Please write with CV. to: . • - 
Trances de Sails at 
OHvboiuie) et Walker 
I Royal Arcade, 28 Old Bond Street, Wl 

Fall or port time step tsfonfr also repaired, pkttte 

01-491 0939 

ctotanl rarwr apwii n to in 
Cwtmh Attain- Ttop PmdIm 
B nay. ZMM* Mente. Puhlteh- 
tog. AdvrnlUligailti PR CornU 
Carden Bureau, 110 Fleet SU 
EC*. SS3 7696. ■ 

EXECUTIVE SraatTAirricuHval 
Wtui Wtoiljf CAnTMenHalmalten 
wHiHn iM Cbamnan^ office of 
. tou "London FssUon House. 

iao-.«BwpBL C. £ 11 XOO * tifr 

count. Rmo 657 aan. Tina 
to**n,6 Partner* tAgyi. 

THAMES DfTTOtL PA to Market- 
■ Mw-ProttienL rtuem. 
French, stwrihand tn tmb'Un- 
wiaon ct O.OOO. InlrmaiiOMi 
SwTMancs zee coax or-Mi 
Tioa. . 

secrwaiy SMM.Otrt&km. Un- 
9 ue«n French «• cantun. 
Sbomuart .-to - CatoHO. 
himuHoM ' tw reu na rw 
cons. OJ-491 7iO0. 

rertor ot lmart nurkviMo imn 
clour Oxford gr. Great ooemno 
for mailing. wiBtng . to -Warner. 
Can M*rta Read Of Her Angefe 
l a Sinclair Moturose RecruH- 
menl ConctiUanis. Ol 450 
2 UI. 

WFSCC C9UHO Plus wuti ram- 
uua Chv Lawvert,. wunuw 
CtmiN helpful but wtu x-tnun. 
Sun onghi 2nd nbber. CaU Ma- 
rt* Read. Oilier Angeto l.a 
Sinclair Mantraw Recruitment 
Consultants, Wl. 01450 2&5I 

HOLBORH Legal audio MV. a®*- 
tor medium sufri sotirtkire. Wffl 
crow train, on WP. Must hail 
- previous legal omcnence Re- 
laxed friendly atmosphere. 
Salary £9.000 01-059 .7001 
" (West End) 01 -377 8600 icily) 
Secretaries Rus The rnrtal 

hcothmst C 7300 - sman 

two uv tonwny w WeOJtoi 

stogton seek VOung 
recrpUon see for vmeral office 
dutoeO. Very tnendly rrtmo 
‘ em Iromnoni. Some experience 
preferred. Typing 1 AS wpm) es- 
sential Age 20 *. Please Id 01- 
409 1332 The Work SiKto- 


Based in Victoria require two junior 
Secretaries. These positions would 
probably suit young ladies of around 
twenty. Must have good shorthand and 
typing skills together with a sound 
educational background. Knowledge of 
computers would be an advantage but 
not essentiaL 

Applicants must be prepared to work 
long hours during exhibitions but will 
be well rewarded with good commenc- 
ing salary and holidays. 

For farther information ring 
Margeret Guarini on 222 9341 

HtESTMUOUS Maytatr Estate 
AgrttH wrk crcrMary with out 
eotng prrsottaltfj- iprh. td. 
prcfnrfdK Someone who «n- 
kn-s using own inrtumr. won 
Mg> oi common %m«. Fun 
crowd. 2 nd tohtoer ideal. 
CBXOO UH Mrs. Byzantine Ol 
222 5091 Norma Skcinp Par 
sonnet Smicfl iOpp SL Jama 
Park WbeJ- 

Im olied with many of me 
country's tinefl buildings you 11 
assw m mar 

rWorUHn OrHCfCalkMi. 
orovue meetings and Ms of ti* 
imp. £ 8-000 - £8.800. S H 
skins, some awso. Cmetw Gar- 
den Bureau. 1 10 Fieri SL. EG*. 
885 7696. 


Pnbuc Relations comoam* re- 
altors Secretary. Afetslant wm 
nredtoftt stoits iww wp 
tort) io support ri"u Eiecmn». 
Very HHeresungcunteiK plsscn- 
lOhenwM. ooed salary and 
eweilera perks. Tetranonr 
AIHrW> ok* uxtsy «» tit-dsa 

COtXXCE LEAVUtS. Soper van 
wiiii ad agencies. majUnna 
amt research dents m West End 
80 *e if.UK. u nmet! start 
C7.O0O+* Flaw RecTiUlmml 
Oi MS tsss ins appts oki 

FILM CO. In W.t. would like a 
tKHjhl bubtoiev roltooe leaver 
her tor itwir puMmty tfevl. 
Wart, wiu include arrangtng 
press shows ana lots of client 
ronlact. S Hn« necessary but 
good typing essential- £6.000. 
Call Andcea on Ol 629 7838 
Banicti Media 

+ perks- Fantastic opportunity 
to work for entrepreneur High 
leiet admin conieni. courdt- 
lute all (orrespondcncr. iruirj 
and 1 diary arrangemcnls Good 
sec stalls and WP» aditouaoe. 
Pk-av phone Rebecca 602 
3013 Statfplait Rec Corns. 

sccarrAirr /pa fot oteectoror 
Marker Research Co .testing 
fiew products and servRet Of 
flees m H egenl Street. Should 
haiegootiS H and T. anti abiu- 
ty to use HrttrotiK U'gwnter. 
£8.000+ cau tSewgeOwenon 
437 96W or *S7 9661. 


£9,500 neg 

Young, fast moving compa- 
ny requires a go-atead sec- 
retary with WP expectance 
for a very cfiaHenging bid 
rewarding job with good 

for Estate Agents 

Established Chelsea Estate .Agents need a 
bright intelligent secretary for new depart- 
ment. First class typing, audio experience 
essential. Busy varied atmosphere. Lots of 
client contact.. Salary negotiable. 

' Telephone 01-351 0821 

c£ 10,300. 

With a 20% sadretaritf content 
and shorthand not required this 
s a pivotal rote witfim a learfng 
consultancy based dose to Hot- 
bom as Assistant to the Head of 
Faience. A Hdng for figures is a 
must as Is an abftty to com- 
pose own correspondence and i 
cross-tran on the VYang. A. 
sense of humour is essential. 
Age 25-3Stsh. 

;(L*aNi i ; i h : , 


£11,500 + 

Good skills including SH 
and WP are musts for 
this Director level secre- 
tarial position at a rapidly 
expanding bank, tf you 
would enjoy 'lots of con- 
tact on the phone and in 
person with clients this 
could be for you! Excel- 
lent presentation/phone 
manner and organisation- 
al skills essential. * 

Telephone 377 8600 1 - **^ 

Word Plu s-1- 

^TheWPConathantsI H 


Young Secretary 

Sales and Marketing Di- 
rector ot this small and 
exclusive hotel is look- 
ing for a wb« educated 
young secretary. Lots ot ' 
variety and involvement 
for someone with akffls 
of 80/40 who is wen pre- 
sented and has an 
excellent telephone 
manner. This is a superb 
opportunity for a college 
!saver/2nd jobber. Very 
pleasant working condi- 
tions near Green Park. 
Salary £7,000 + free 

01-831 2401 


- Recruitment Rod -- 

Training Consa Hants 


Two tiirectore mtth an interna- 
tional company based m 
beautifid offices in Hanover 
Square need your help. One ts 
responsible (or personnel 
wtale the other looks after PS 
and subsidiary companies. It 
you are confident aid tactful 
when deakng wdh all sods of 
people and sound it on the 
telephone, you could be the 
one to keep tabs on these two 
bveiy executives. Shorthand is 
not needed but audio would be 
useful. Age 22-32. 

of Bond St. 

t Becni'tnftfii Consultants 4 

S i rum fe> m Fnawta vyj 


afthesterftng efforts 
during theyear of 
ourlcyal staff! 
especially that nk& 
temporary typist we 
last June . ’ . 


Requred for exnemety busy 
computer tramauj - softwa? co. 
Tramnp. PPP. ER500 4 weeks 
holiday plus bonus Please write 
wah CV 1o Joanna Radon a 
Cornice. 9 Cavandsn Square or 
Tel 01-637 1234 

Neg to £ 11,000 

Senior Partner of this man 
friendly oomnaqy. SWl serin 

a secretary/ assistant with 
average shorthand aad some 
sudio experience. KnowMse 
of wofriprocHsug is erven tial 
but will cross tram. Pleasant 
work me environment and 

For interview telephone 
Vcroaka Luu oa 

01-937 6525 


3rd Hmk, 124 WgsmSL Wl 

RECEPTION c£8,500 

This hit Co urgently re- 
quires a first class 
person with good voice, 
excellent presentation 
and good typing (WP 
useful), you wifi look al- 
ter a busy reception 
dealing with clientele 
and VIP's. 

BEAUTY c£7J00 + 

Have you got the best 
voce m London and do 
you enjoy talking to cli- 
ents on the telephone, If 
so then a super involv- 
ing position awaits you 
dealing with new busi- 
ness in this leading Skin 
Care House in Mayfair. 

01-935 8235 

(Rec Const 



Estate Agents 

Marty based m the West End but 
mpartng >0 ottrev pans ol Lon- 
don They requve a young go- 
ahead person with sftMittand and 
lypmg. Good esna prospects. 

h you have good shorthand aid 

tvwng. are rterested *i current 
aflanrs and would lift? to work m 
the May world ol Wesmrnster. 
«* Km interesting and vtivd 
mbs m the lieu 

Lloyds Brokers 

You'll need a cheerful, outgoing 
pansKatav m gom a prolessiona! 
ream and enny rhe UDtng so- 
on Be n the dyname City 
ampany. Shorthtod and typmg. 

auw eafcge Iwm postaons m- 
chide PR. media, dea^t and 

Sahte op to cajom- 

01-329 3SB i 


£9^00 4 

PresPguus Sotoaws wuti gor- 
g«ws modem ofbees. reovr 3 
e*ua*nuti Cmnercsa Convey 
anaq seoioiws 2 ti Panne 
level l admi based. Tiny at 
tootatg lot UngM piouesuee 
paopte wtn dHhcaoan. hi itsm 
they otter a good system ot 
tarts. and umuaiiiid 

Cafl Mr Thompson on S23 4226. 

of Bond St. 

KW6SLr*(D leb 



Age 21+ for expandfog f{- 
nanral services company. 
Speed not less than 
90/50. salary up to 
E9.000 + bonuses. 
Telephone; Si -245 IDOL 
No Agraffes. 


60 wpm typ. 25-35. WL 
Excellent prospects. 


100/60. 25 +. Property 

Co. Sort- admin. 

Uptown Personae! 
01-828 2727 


The Bursar of UCS is seeking an able and experienced person for 
the above post to work closely with him and to provide a high 
level of secretarial and administrative support Good educational 
qualifications and sound secretarial skills, including accurate 
shorthand (or audio) typing are essentiaL Word processing and/or 
computing (IBM) experience would be a strong advantage, how- 
ever maturity, flexibility and organisational ability are more 
importanL Applicants must be- able to communicate effectively 
and to work well with a wide range of peolple. A non-smoker is 
preferred. Salary £7.500 to £8,250 + excellent working conditions. 
Write with full CV. to: 

The Bursar 

University College School 
London NW3 6XH 

tsjca wm -uiokHi «wui d 
wrrwe « «y»> Th» lop ad awn- 
cv nium you to (uilHi a hey 
role. Aflc 23-30- Catt Hotier Re- 
cnMWM <C9B86S. 

BRCmtFORO rrwirii ^moUw 
lonaito xUniURS. swe/rurr to 

Conhoiter Marlurtlnff Alrkn. 

anonnanii an atijantow. 
K 8 AOQ . tnlCmaBcna) S*to«Ur , 

m m tom..OHM non., * 

LEOAL SCC ClOk ptus> Snr pan- 
Mt ot wiiii and «rtradi> 
vtUrirori nw* ixMcy auoiani 
tor Diary, lunches, meerm®. 
ttwnr ronLact and kmmu him 
in ordte Call Marla Rrad. 
Of Her Angrb I a SiMUr Mon- 
ircna Rrcruumpnl Coawtllanls. 
wl Ol 4^0 2S31 

SEC.'PAa. NO SH. £9^03 ' + 
prrks Due to pqanslon mis 
tol l City bated co mis v-tro 
lanes to loin Ui«1t Mana^namt 
and CntMiluncy diituon To 
WOUBo bout srcrelanal admin 
support. For further details call 
Lorraine Hintinuni) 405 6148 
Kings land Pen Cons. 

OPFOfoUlWlY lor ncnmanal 
Srcmary PA with in native in 
post unuv mmu pr com- 
pany. Ol 834 2151 

PR CO In WI. £10000 Working 
for a director in th» MKCmedul 
Co will miohr you in Ihr run 
ning trf a ioung. Inendly and 
hard working departtnem 
win hi gatntng an nurehl ink) 
PR >ou uni ora leant sHntrd 
graduate calibre wncut)' with 
wrral vrar* rummer, look 
lire lor your nrxi career moie 
and wanting to dmeioo jour 
aaiDinhiramr skills Ape C3- 
SO Skills SO «Q. Piww nng 
Medlad 491 8778. 


tot expanding group ol Co.'s 
Wdh their ChbM Exvtull ‘ c Who 
needs a well educated person. 
34-25. Reasonable shorthand 
ivnmg- organising atoHlv and a 
capanlv to STT up systems- In 
lwd«t muignwni anti hair a 
Hn oi wp Lpwara moouuy 
here. C. Cl 0.000 + Ztr P Don in. 
Super trnree benefits. Joyce 
Cut ness 01 589 8807 0010 
•Rec- Cmbx 

ROCK MUSIC - to Etkooo Tun 
potUishtod home cpectMmhg in 
books on nxli and pop music ts 
M-eLing a young P 4 to cdm out 
a l unction ini oiling conference 
and exhibition organnaiton and 
puMtcUv ocmUM With the 
PdsipiHti' of oj meat teas et. uus 
must be (xie of (tie mosi <*wUno 
Sdcancm udiiM al me mu 
menl StgUt 80 SB wpm. 
Synergy. u» rerrutonem cob. 
kUUdBO. 01^37 9533. 

UUUL SEC C9JW0 Plus, ptus 
Top finihi ton with Hran court 
and pen. imury worn Tremen- 
dou t senpe wnh I Ins growiM 
mid rank Hotoom praciKe. Call 
Maru Read. Ollke Angrh i a 
Sinclair uonirose RtcruHmenl 
Consultants. Wl. 01*30 2S31 

on HMndOHh need two ca- 
pable WP ops. Will k train |o 
\ S Esmlnfl work. Ptus Donut. 
piut\Hxherv call luru Read. 
Office Angcb 1 a Sinclair Mon. 
trine Recruitment Consultants. 
Wl Ol *30 2S31 

new lop lei el position within in- 
lernalionaJ cut co. Would suit 
P4 with i-vr poise apd pfcwnla- 
Inn treking J itry senior salet 
oricnlalrd role t\c shilh me 
English and German shorthand 
cv. Cl 1.000 * perks. R J Rec 
Coos 01 493 DHt) 

BOH SPIRITS working will) tins 
charming kourig European 

Marketing Dirertor ot SWl 
\ minors He needs a PA Sec 
ZP-rth with good shorthand, 
typing IBM PC uuh Muttlnute 
sMlware iwrfi cross irami. You 
will deal HiihTraieL roeeltfres, 
conferences fir c El 0.000 ■* 
fringe oenefnt and B weeks 
nnfo. Joyce Outness oi £89 
880? onto i Bet. Cores). 


lenl Pa sought tgr cheerful, 
popular BUI totally dhorgamsed 
* r i r ^ w '.°f leading economic in 
unute. Vou will look alter all 
towels, noerduiaiing arrange- 
nvHrts anti hantiiiTn routine 
anmm clerical Proiecn. sound 
esnerjmre and good Qumo n . 
gJU'4l Please telephone 01 -4«3 
8787 Gordon Yales 

ADVLwTUIMO Srwrttund Sec to 
Chanmaii Ad espertence not 
evtenbal. UOOOO 744 1062. 

SEC' PA wilh WANG Elf. OOO. 
Mainly corresp lor merseas snr 
esec -. Lois of iniitain r and run 
here Temflc ahnospherc Call 
MKtteiie honopinski. Olllce An- 
geh l a Sinclair Monlroee 
Rnriuintcni Cotnultanis. Wl. 
01029 0777 

Dnecicr of fmuiii mlllton City 
firm Super) iw a uinior. Very 
bus) . Super hols. Annual bo- 
rn* Call Svhia Lang. OflKe 
Attneh i a Sinclair Momrcwe 
RrcnHimenl Consullanto. Wl. 
Ol ASO 2S3I 

TYPtMG SUPERVISOR £ 9 , 000 . 

To ro-wdmaic uork o f 4 staff. 
Lot*, of opprl. lor person mth 
inmaiiie L\ 's and tic.m 
snare Call ImcheDe 
hanoptrtski Ottice Atweta I a 
Sinclair Morrfrov Recrjnmem 
Comuiiancv Cii djo o77T. 

thvrthand wd cj panic- Audio. 
Trie* And kn W'Pinr itm. young 
Diterior L nderwniino Marine 
insurance. Supertt rttK« on 51. 
hainarme's Dock strong diem 
MKiaiitinq conrmi. anmm. 
organising and Menu of tcooe 
lor ouigoiiHi well prewled per- 
son. £9.000 » MniKand fringe 
hem Jpste Cuinte. 01 sag 
8R(i7 ooio i Rec. Com I. 

BHUNSUAL Grtrnan pa Sec to 

cis-coo Manager ot nroorev 
jue new Co scrts career 
onrnuted pa to k*im with run 
■him mt otticc ana .pmeral -ec 
duties lots of responsibility ami 
(leuueni clnml contact Re- 
tilling mniiiaUK. maiurili and 
lui-iidU pefMinatity. Ew prei- 
peris iv 25 EO Merrpw Emp 
Agr ■ T w Language Specuutste t 

OAb I4U7 


more than ilea sh sec io Sain 
Mngr to caooo Woodnouw 
rrr Com 01-404 tou, 

Continued on pgge 25 

A guide to 

career choice 


A job that makes statistics talk 

The work of an actuary 

is a mystery to most 

people. Beryl Dixon 

examines the scope and 

opportunities offered 

by this profession. 

Few people know what an actuary does, 
and mo&L of those probably hold two 
popular conceptions. One. that actuaries 
are well paid, and two that they shut 
themselves away from mankind spend- 
ing their days peering at life expectancy 

The first is true. The career, while not 
reaching the heights of some current City 
salaries can be lucrative. And the 
second? Given that the Institute of 
Actuaries defines the work as “applying 
theories of probability and compound 
interest and statistical techniques to 
practical problems,** it does not sound 
wildly exciting. 

But “No" says John Waugh of the 
Institute. “In pure research one could be 
a hermit with a computer, but nearly all 
actuaries must be able to communicate— 
with clients or colleagues." 

The truth is that like most jobs, there is 
no standard profile. Much actuarial work 
is concerned with long-term financial 
contracts such as file assurance or 
pension schemes. Sixty per cent of 
actuaries work for insurance companies, 
with a further 20 per cent in consulting 
practices, 10 per cent in pensions and 
insurance broking, and the remainder 
divided between the Stock Exchange, the 
Government Actuary's Department, in- 
dustry. commerce and lecturing. Some of 
these engage in pure research; others are 

Consultants are constantly talking to 
clients. Senior actuaries in companies 
must be able to express themselves at 
management meetings. The “appointed” 
actuary in a life office needs to explain 
things to colleagues unfamiliar with 
statistics. This is a problem common to 
all actuaries — that of communicating 
with people, many at senior manage- 
ment level. Top managers who are 
experts in their own fields but not at 
home with mathematics, may resent any 
implied superiority on the part of the 

It is a small profession. About 1,500 
qualified actuaries work in the UK and 
between 700 and 800 British actuaries in 
other countries. But given the present 
shortfall at all levels, good actuaries have 
no difficulty in selecting the right 
company and the right environment. 
Many move from straight actuarial work 
into general management and many are 
directors of their companies. 

With the highest percentage of actu- 
aries employed in insurance companies, 
most begin in one. Here they are 

responsible for evaluating risks, costs 
and investment returns, and for ensuring 
that the company has sufficient funds to 
cover payments. An “appointed" actu- 
ary in every company has a statutory 
duty to certify that life funds are solvent 

Those in consultancy partnerships can 
expect to advise diems ranging from the 
large company pensions manager to the 
small life assurance company without its 
own actuary or large one considering 
merging different life assurance funds, 
and establish working relationships with 
company secretaries, accountants, solici- 
tors and the Inland Revenue. 

On the Stock Exchange they usually 
specialize in investment analysis and 
forecasting; in pensions and insurance 

The need to communicate 
with clients, unfamiliar with 
figures is an important 
attribute as many managers 
resent implied superiority 

broking, in advising on the merits of 
different schemes. In the Government 
Actuary's Department, actuaries advise 
the Government on public sector pen- 
sions and soda! security and act as 
consultants to nationalized industries. 

It is not necessary to be a trained 
mathematician toqualify, although most 
‘actuaries have degrees in maths or 
statistics — and the training is hard. It is 
essential to become a fellow of the 
Institute of Actuaries in London or the 
Faculty of Actuaries in Edinburgh. Their 
qualifications are ofequal status but each 
body functions independently and their 
examination structures differ slightly. 

Most English students choose the 
institute and most Scottish students the 
faculty, but this is not always the case. 

There is no formal period of articles. 
Trainees may be graduates in any subject 
“with a significant mathematical 
content" or in any subject at all 
provided that they have a high grade A 
level or Higher in maths. Alternatively, 
A level entrants with maths passes may 
sit the exams at their own pace, subject to 
restrictions on the number of papers 
attempted at one time. 

The average length of time taken to 
qualify is seven years but an ambitious 
graduate could do it in two, and it has 
been known to take 20! Rumour has it 
that the actuarial exams are the hardest 
of any profession. The failure rare is 

Hilary Flower and James Attwood are 
actuarial students with the same compa- 
ny. the TSB Trust Company in Hamp- 
shire. Both are unusual. Hilary, a 
cheerful extrovert, has a degree in 
economics and statistics rather than in 
maths. She chose this career because she- 
"wanted to work with figures and- 
statistics”. But although happy to work; 
on her own initiative she would not like* 
working alone all the time. She likes to 
feel part of a team in a small department ‘ 
and enjoys the contact she has with the 
company's insurance representatives. 

James, with excellent grades in maths, 
further maths and physics, turned down 
a university place and joined the 
company straight from the local college. 
Eighteen months into his training, and 
with several of the exams under his belt, 
he has no regrets. He is unusual, since 
most 18 year olds in his position would 
have opted for university. 

But both he and Hilary had had 
enough of full-time education — - Hilary 
having rejected any careers requiring 
postgraduate courses. Both are pleased to 
have found a professional training which 
can be combined with working. “It is real 
work," says Hilary, "we’re not 
supemumary trainees. We are responsi- 
ble for real projects." 

Brook Green, London W6 7BS 



Required, from September 1986, an experienced and energetic 
Librarian to undertake administrative duties in the School's 
extensive and busy Libraries. A particular area of responsibil- 
ity would be fiction and general reference stock for 11 to 16 
year old students. 

30 hours per week; term time only. 

Applications in writing to the High Mistress (marked ‘for the 
attention of the School Secretary’) enclosing a frill curriculum 
vitae and the names and addresses of two referees. 

(Independent, H.M.C., 
500 boys aged 11-18, 
Sixth Form 150) 

Required for January 1987 


0& GO 
G G 

tool Ol 


The Governors invite appli- 
cations for the post of Head 
of Kingswood from Septem- 
ber 1, 1987, following the retirement 
of Laurie Campbell. 

Kingswood is an independent co-ed u- 
cationaJ school of 300 boys and 180 
girls. It was founded by John Wesley 
in 1748. 

Further details and application forms 
may be obtained from: 

The Secretary to the Governors 
Kingswood School, 

Bath BA1 5RG. 

Applications dose on 11th September 1986. 


HMC Independent 1010 boys and girls 

A teacher of FLUTE for 2 1 ': days per week is 
required for September I9S6 to join a lively Music 
Department with 17 visiting staff. 

Application* to The Director of Mask, 

The Grammar School. 
STOCKPORT, Cheshire SK2 7AF. 


requires qualified teacher mornings only from 
September. Good salary and conditions. Reply to 
BOX JOS. c/o News International Ltd, *PO 
Box 484, I Virginia St, off The Highway, 
London El 9DD 



Lancaster Gate Lecture- 
ship . civil and criminal 

See ad in Tucsdav |7ih 
June. Legal 


EFL Teachers are imund nr one- 
test contracts tem tat* August 
Man nata* Engl-sh sneakers, 
tuewor 5TVUS. 25 to -»5. 
mfliates wnn meiehwn RSA Prep 
Cm anc 2 years’ TEEL experience 
G aoc sjuy wen usual benefits. 

Phw* 1LC on 05 580 4351 for 
aponcahon form and limber news. 




HMC 1.000 boys. 8-18 yean 
DBS AP Scheme. 260 in 
Saih Funn 

Requited, preferably for Sep- 
tember. VS8G tor January 

tember. VS8G tor January 
1987) a weO qualified enthu- 
siastic graduate to teach 


to all lewis of the school in- 
cluding A level and Oxbridge. 
History is a core curriculum 
subject, all boys talcing a five 
year course to O tewet/GCSE. 
and the subject has a large 
following m the Sixth Form. 
Willingness to assist with ex- 
tra-curricular activities. 

The School is an Anglican Foun- 
dation. it consists of 460 dayboys 
and 40 boarders. A well-qualified 
graduate is sought who besides 
conducting weekday and Sunday 
services and exercising a pastoral 
role will also be responsible for 
the teaching of R.E. throughout 
the School, including the ability to 
teach the subject for O level/ 
G.C.S.E. and A level. 

Salary according to experience 
and qualifications but likely to be 
Burnham Scale 3 (with addition). 

indudiiig school scouting or 
games 1 particularly cricket. 

soccer, swimming, and rugby) 
wiil be strong reajmmeoda- 
lion. This post is suitable for 
someone beginning a teach- 
ing career or tor an 
experienced teacher looking 
for wider opportunities in a 
large school 

Salary scale above 

Application with fuD CV and 
lumes and addresses of two 
referees to be sent unmetb- 
eiely to the headmaster 
Bolton School Cbufley New 
Road Bolton. Bl 1 4PA let 
ttto* 44202 from whom fur- 
ther details may be obtained. 

Applications, including full c.v. and 
names, addresses amd telephone 
numbers of two referees, should 
be made to the Master, Magdalen 
College School, Oxford OX4 1DZ, 
from whom further details may 
be obtained. 





Qualified librarians 
are invited to appK- 
for this pan or lull 
time post (£4000- 
£8.000 p.a.1 
Fall CV, and 
statement of preferred 
hours, to: 

The Secretary, 
The Athenaeum. 
107 Pall Mall 
London SW1Y 5ER 

St Catharine’s Foundation 
at Cumberland Lodge 
Director of Studies 

The trustees of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth 
foundation of Si Catharine s at Cumberland Ledge m 
Windsor Great Pam invite applications for this post. 
The foundation is an educational trust specialising in 
conferences for universities and other places of 
higher education. The appointment is lor January 
1987 and is for three years in the first instance. The 
salary ts negotiable, a house is provided. 

Further particulars may be obtained from the Princi- 
pal. Cumberland Lodge, The Great Parle, Windsor, 
Berkshire. SL4 2HP. 

Tel: Eqham 0784} 32316/ 34893. (after hours Egham 

Closing date for applications: 30th June 1986. 


mwm i 

CIBiOOQ + o_a_ 


[Vtiw Dkn PGCE or Tefl. 

Wsni W nun 4 r-rtUi- *«*»»- 
.’a HM-V-C* ion) form ccriracK 
».rr«(ni p ftutt hCK OOjJtC 

I I 6 

Tl p crui trnonc Wni uwa l LBL. 
Sum *01. Owtec Haute 
Leeds LSI 2HA 
Ter. 0532 ISOM 
«1E Mrs. Com twnj 

W( MED ErvsiUi ii>xrh'V5 ter 
ow i'll wheel in hixnmA. 

PiDUinu 1 Tnw . v«h 

e-DWH-rwc r uimrrulv dearer 

Jim wvlaqoqiral rrrtirifal. 1 

arium UmiuM* DKFM Cretan 
LIuHn. Hniel Njoum Roy 41 it 
700 5d>. Marble Arrn >W] a 
4L Pi Tri London 90*0 


O Level or A Level candidates are offered a 
scholarship to study French for 3 or 4 weeks in 
August 1986 - at L'Ecole Hampshire. Veyrines- 
de-Domme. Dordogne. France. The scholarship 
includes travel both ways, accommodation, 
meals and tuition. 

Students should apply for full details to the Hon. 
Administrator. The Hampshire School 50th 
Anniversary Educational Trust. 33 Melton 
Couru London SWT 3JQ. 


Applications are invited for a Chair in Engineer- 
ing from candidates with special interests 
related to studies in nuclear engineering. 

Applications from candidates with academic of 
appropriate industrial backgrounds will be 

The new professor will be expected to lead an 
established and very active research group and 
to take responsibility for the undergraduate 
Honours School in Nudear Engineering, where a 
large part of the teaching is common with that in 
the Honours School of Mechanical Engineering. 

high, even among graduates with good 
degrees, and ranges from 25 per cent to a 
high 75 per cent on some occasions. 
Although one or two papers are generally 
regarded as the hardest, not all students 
find the same papers difficult 
The reason students find the exams 
taxing is described by the faculty and the 
institute to be that common to most 
professions — students constantly under- 
estimate the demands of studying after a 
day's work. The most succesrful are 
those who sit as many papers as possible 
while still relatively junior — before the 
demands of the job compete for time as 
there are no part-time courses! All study 
.had to be done, until recently, by 
correspondence supplemented by occa- 
sional tutorials. 

At the present time, research within the group is 
concerned with fundamental aspects of nudear 
reactor operation; thermo-fluids, plant simula- 
tion and control and risk assessment There is 
active involvement with most branches of the 
nuclear industry, which provides substantial fi- 
nancial support for the work being conducted. 
Extensive use is made of the Universities' re- 
search reactor at Risley, which is jointly funded 
by the Universities of Manchester and Liverpool. 

Particulars of this appointment may be obtained 
from the Register. Quote ref. 150/88 /T. Applica- 
tions (2 copies, 1 suitable for photocopying) 
giving full details of qualifications, experience, 
research, etc. and the names and addresses of 
three persons to whom reference may be made 
should be sent to the Registrar, The University, 
Manchester M13 9PL by August 1st, 1986. 



Applications are invited for a Char In Engin eer ing 
from candidates with special interests related to 
some aspect of aeronautical engineering (except 
structures or- solid mechanics) or in fluid me- 
chanics appropriate to aeronautics. 

The new professor will be required to assume 

lit. - ■ Mil* ini 1 1 Mil 1 I 1 

School of Aeronautical Engineering. 

The successful applicant, irrespective of special- 
isation within the areas of interest mentioned 
above, will be expected to maintain strong indus- 
trial links and pursue a vigorous research. pro- 
gramme. This' might involve, in addition to the 
academic staff in aeronautical engineering, mem- 
bers of staff from other groups in the Department 
of Engineering. 

At the present time research within aeronautical 
engineering is concerned mainly with aerody- 
namics. jet noise, stratified flows and medical 
fluid mechanics. There are strong research 
in fluid mechanics, hydrodynamics and 

engineering divisions of the Department. 

In addition to the resources of the Simon Engi- 
neering Laboratories, there are good experimental 
research facilities available at the Barton Labora- 
tory. a few miles from tire University. 

Particulars of this appointment may be obtained 
from the Registrar! Quote ref. 149/86/T. Applica- 

Even if an employer grants study leave 
it is a lonely way to qualify and one that 
needs great self-discipline. Graduates 
may find the going easier since the 
introduction last year of two postgradu- 
ate courses which give exemption from 
some of the exams. Most students now 
on these courses are sponsored by 

tions (2 copies, 1 suitable for photocopying} 
giving full details of qualifications, experience, 
research, etc. and the names and addresses of 
three persons to whom reference may be made 
should be sent to the Registrar. The University. 
Manchester M13 9PL by August 1st 1986. 


must be qualified to teach one or more of the following: Modem 
European History; African History stnra 1800; fnteUectua! 

SALARY SCALES (under review): LECTURER: BDSS31.644 x 

1 368 - 39.852 (Bj x 1368 - 48,060 P-S. ASSISTANT LECTURER: 
B0SS26.112 x 1272 - 28.656 oa. Up to five full economy class 

B0SS26.112 x 1272 - 28.656 0.1 Up fo five full economy dass 
passages plus baggage allowance of USS1 200 for ma rried per- 
sons on appointment and normal termnatton (USS800 for single 

persons on 2-year contract). Special allowance for shipment of 
academic books and teacfimq/researcti equipment on aopomt- 

academic books and teaching/ research equipment on amomt- 
ment - up to US$400 lor normal appointments or USS267 tor 
two-year appointments. Unfurnished accommodaton at 10% of 
basic salary; or optional housing allowance of 20% of basic 
salary to staff mafcnfbwn housing arrangements. UWl contribu- 
tion of equivalent w 10% of bask; salary to Superannuation 
Scheme. Annual Study and Travel Grant for self, spouse and up 
to three children. Book grant up to BOSS600 per annum. De- 
tailed applications (three copies) giving fuff particulars of 
quaMiotions and experience, date of birth, marital status and 
the names and addresses of three (3) referees should be sent as 
soon as possible to the CAMPUS REGISTRAR. UNIVERSITY OF 

The University will send fifthar particulars for these posts to all 
applicants. These particular may also be obtained tram the 
Association of Commonwealth Universities (Aperts), John Foster 
House, 36 Gordon Square. London WC1H OPR 


Applications are invited from candidates with a 
proven record of research for a Readership in mi- 
croelectronics in the Department of Electrical and 

Electronic Engineering. The post wiH be available 
from 1 October 1986. The Reader will be expected 

from 1 October 1986. The Reader will be expected 
to take a leading rote in developing successful re- 
search interests of the Department and in 
strengthening links between industry and the Uni- 
versity, within one or more of the following fields; 
signal processing and robotics, communications, 
VLSI design and CAD. 

Salary will be al an appropriate point on the 
Readers’ salary scale: £14.870 - £18,625 p.a., ac- 
cording to qualifications and experience. 

Further particulars may be obtained from the Regis- 
trar. The University of Newcastle upon Tyne. 6 
Kensington Terrace. Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 
7RU, with whom applications (15 copies), giving the 
names of three referees, should be lodged notlater 
than 18 July 1986. (Candidates from outside the 
U.K. may submit one copy only). 

University of Exeter 


Applications are invited for the 
Chair of Spanish, which has be- 
come vacant upon the death of 
Professor Keith Whinnom. Prefer- 
ence may be given to candidates 
who have teaching and research 
interests in post-1700 Spanish 

Salary will be on the agreed Pro- 
fessorial range, current minimum 
£19,010 per annum (under 

Further particulars are available 
from the Personnel Office, Univer- 
sity of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QJ. 
Closing date for receipt of applica- 
tions 14 July 1986. 


Department of Computer Science 
Lecturer in Computer Science 

Applications are invited for a Lectureship to extend 
existing activrtyin inteHtgerrt Systems, in both teaching 
and research. The Department supports a mirib-disct- 

pfinary research group working m computer vision, 
knowledge based systems, and high performance 
data comunicatoons. Candidates should have proven 
capabffity in research In an appropriate field. Salary 
scale £8020 to £15700 per annum (under review) plus 

scale ebozu to E157U0 per annum (under review) plus 
USS/USDPS benefits. Further particulars and applica- 
tion forms (2 copies) are available from the Personnel 

Officer. University ( 
217, Reading RG6 
220. Please quote 


Assistant Director - 
User Services 

Applications are invited from graduates with relevant 
technical and managerial experience, tor- the-post-of 
Assistant Director, User Services, in the Computer 
Centre. The duties are to manage the applications 
software and user support aspects of the university 
academic computing service, including advisory ser- 
vices, user courses and liaison activities. The 
Assistant Director wHI be responsible for a team of 
seven graduate Programming Advisers. The post is a 
newly created one designed to strengthen this area of 
the Centre s activity. 

Salary in the range £14,870 - £18,625 on Grade ill for 
Other Related Staff. 

Application forms and further particulars from the 
Registrar. Science Laboratories. South Road, Durham 
DHl 3LE, to whom completed applications.should be 
returned by 11 July 1986. 

University of London 


The Senate invite applications for the above Chair. Applica- 
tions 1 10 copies) should be submitted to the Teachers* Section. 
University of London. Senate House. Malet Sam. London 
WC1E THU. from whom further particulars should first be 

The dosing date for receipt of applications is 31 July 1986. 

INSTITUTE A uniq— sandwich d eg r ee which 
OF HIGH ER prtpom you for a taroo r in the 
EDUCATION expanding fields of:- 


Academic Secretary. Ref (T1). Dorset Institute of 
Higher Education. Waflisdown Road, Poole, Dorset, 
BH12 5BB. Telephone: Bournemouth (0202) 




Secretarial. Business 
and Language Courses 

Vlfard Processor Training 

English for Overseas 

Resident & Day Students 

The Registrar (Tlj 
2 Arkwright Road. 
Telephone: 01 435 9831 


Official French Government Establishment 
Native French teachers - high quality courses 

in French Language 

starting 30th June. Immediate Application 

> Bilingual Secretarial College 
* Evening University: degree in French studies 


mmm 14 Cromwell Race. London, SW7 2JR 


B mm m 14 Mwnrea nusc, uiaora, 

I Bn I TeL- 01-589 6211. Ex! 42 
■ r Am 01-581 2701. Ext 21 

UrnDmATTONAL wu ai« non 
iraauioiMI (.Diversity offers 
ftegreev la mM-Care«r aduli. 
over 25. entirely al home and 
Wilh lull creaili tor ble career 
orpertence Prmoeclvn from 
Dew. T. Neil Ci Mon K Co . Sud- 
twrv. Suffolk. COM3 6CQ 
COLLEGE various courses sUrt 
SeM. Jan a. April Pros>erlu&. 
Mrs pay. 4. wemerby cans. 
S*v& Ol STS 38M. . 

IN 1986? 

GCf 'O' or A' lavert AsntMfl 



NOW n THE riDK loeaauH 

■ s «*cn uiniami tad 

trtua Fite bvdwn: 


New from Pitman 

E*eai[ive secrefanai training pk» wort eawmixu ai our 
wnibt«Joo CoWegs includes irairaraj m wort and data 
praeassmg ana sector tad skrib for RSA examinations. 
Aotxowd lodgings auariabto. For orospactua. please 

Th* Principal. 
PRmwn CaUwge, win 
Ahvyn* Rbh, 

i. WUnbfwdon 

Tel: 01-946 1706 

Pr w f I '211212 


rtw demand tor the trained man or woman amcoortst m 
pn-rf# sector is increas™. Most ol 

duaDfir tor a diploma in daropody mev be tatanat L5 

wwaaed conwspondencTiS^SSS S «ML23 

hwmeg. You am mvrteo to wma lor the fme tKrt 

The School at Surgical Otfeopodv 

The Blackheadi School of Art 

* art^ AND 

KS.MISir 8 - — V - 

Detaife from: 

. 21 L*e Row] 
l-ttidon SE3 SRQ 
Ttf 01-852 396a 




a«.-*9 i rur*ie 

- s’: iU iT< C : ■« S as 

-r-.'" «rrti 

ri i-vi )•:» j.i»— erliw a. 

-vm ;.,r — n re cc- e-etu ' 
tyeen ~ 1--T «*ri£ ’ 

-m if: .-*r a ?sco w*n 
■s-rrs i- t erjr ac* k 
i : r a -■ 

v’ tv— * v r-ev 

.x.— i w > -'Jp'i vw 

■s-r 5 — • u i 

- r* r.—KT. •*'S* -1331 
: Vi ~ C -i.jt.vz "> •*»*». US5 
. — r wrsr. ,-t eiyc row; 

fsiz-.r- £*>><'»' ■rarvsffEf- 

- .»T?. r *■— am 351 BDt 
J.\ j-C.*. 1 £'3 , ■ z Ker n 'orm 

^ M «;'•.< =, ’Sf J-r IjSa 
Z IfitS 

isut E/T-dcver 


Ring write or call fy 

inf ^London 
lx Montessori 
mb Y Centre . 

Deot T . ifi Batoerfon Si. 
LorCon W!Y 1TGQ1- <930165 ' 


Bachelor of Law 

University of London 

Full-time Law 
Degree Courses 


{&PL.3**!!* Rat 
r Lade* Sint. U IQ) 43 Mt 
tatted teto *ES nxtapz DC 


Integra TEFL couses based 
on Integra method in Lan- 
caster (residential) and Lon- 
don (non residential) through- 
out summer. Teaching posts 
available in Europe for suc- 
cessful course participants. : 
First courses Lancaster 12- 
19 July. London 21 Juiy- 
1 August. Further information 

Integra Teacher Sendee. 

18 Rotten Parte Road. 

ffinmogjiam Bl6 9JJ. 


Srtw-wm nurses for all ages 
and leves AH war. France. Ger- 
many. Scan and Italy Defats 
bum air Euo-AcaMmy Qui- 
oounl (STl| 77a George Street. 
Cmyflor W0 1LD 

Tel 01-681 2905 A8TA 69KJX. 


1-Kra Um SmwrW Cusi 
34m taunt teMVBt Hunt 
Entries Semens**. Jantay m 
som Pease nine m atttnon lor 

18 Ouaraw) Street 
Part Lane. London WtY 3FE 
TeL 01-629 2904 


English for oversees students 
male or female ■ age untnatena). 
AcCTrorodatwn avaiaOff New 
twm- Sis* July Deals St 
wwreds. 15 Walpole Road. 
Baum mouth Q202 36189. 

ipr i ■ » • • . 

'■in r 1 i 

! L ■* 

1 ; \ 

P C. n—f TraMsg 

***** PC Ken rwB id incMOX? 
Qo« TV rx» I rum seem u^fwiMnwg^ 
0*1 ■» r iOi IL5' nwlmg o> * P C ’ 
Be n*nec n i synninenc leacn m me 
wiwv On Sew «m mfc 
; * PC CaMHMS 

i Sjoo hvt. v '4 mm » snew* or 
a EiettMsroinaeeeo foucvwni 


4 4 Mi or i Pc done U u» e mt OR 
arat td Dm #i W4 PC VT tf 2S+- 

hr f-ee Ohws u 00 wnuw. 
SfuM^n ua 6 Daxwci Hot Buow 
w Cwusne, S> Qjf? 0JH 

Which School 
for your child? 

Oar- expert ccunsdKng amt 
way aspect of educatkn, tan 
preparatory to finiilui^;' 
schoofa, from finance to 
educational psychotopsla. . 

We Cttmsel parent* on a 
personal basis - ralr adrke is 
free and olgective. 


jot ah vhooi mnsaM isti'W 
inij hoik hi- M A iCAnuBi- 
O] 946 4J0O 

? J . y ; A. 1 ’ 

wx fcngwwc 

Met :saw? ft 

SHUT 2!*!r*lV3i tec 


W.1&V ST- 


liler .tf o* 



AppJkapons are invited for a Frederick Oavaj Moore 



To produce 1 a high standard of food on a 
tight budget?. Would you like to join one 
of our team catering in staff restaurants 
in Central London? . 

We need you if you have a good basic 
knowledge of practical catering and would 
like to join our . expanding company. 

Please appJyOf-388 2424 Ext. 2100 

ra worth*. 
Raws. u 
G*» ft . 
co*h eaawELooow, 





Applications are invited for a University Rescan* Fel- 
lowship tenable for two years from 1st September J98 6, 
m.tbe Department of Pure Mathematics. Preference 
may be given to applicants with interests in the areas-of 
analysis, though others may apply. Applicants should 
possess, or be about to obtain a Ph.D. or have equiva- 
lent research , experience. 

Initial salary within the range £7,055 - £10865 per 
annum. Applications, together with the names of three 
referees, should be received not later than 30th June 
1986. by The Registrar, The University, P.O. Box M7, 
Liverpool- L69 3BX, from whom fiiflher particulars 
may be obtained. 

Quote Ref RV/7S4/T 


One of the UK's lop Wise 
ban/ restaurants requires 


57 sow-Looaon wi 

Trt 459 «S>a.UKrOvcm». 
Ako suwtps.uom (enwMMrn 



VnWTIU UTOKK iFcm»te> 

Early 30V wiih b wn Mtpen- 
«m running a wracspftil 
WMsMe catering t minw series 
a tww eay time ehttKnge ta 
Ivndon when h»r management 
* catering nstna* can m put 
to run us?. Reply io BOX A36. 



K\ *1. ’ -“I 


SMBS COTTAGE OeCghthd mod 
hjft 4 todmts. 2 bafts. Wet 
two. super tasjttn. Gdn. £450 


BC HB8 BD. Eac 4 baftm tee 2 
tHUs. 2 re aps, study. tt/dm. 
Gdn. mn. £275 pw. 

ROHM. Pretty raw dec Itso. 3 
bettos. 2 rea*. in.Baa.WA. 
4 mns lute. ™ry 
BAYHM3H. Gups v*re t 
bedim ape . Reap, k + bjfizo. 

01-489 5334. 

•SFSCn Th»numt>ernrrfnem- 
«r when seeking ben rental 
propel IM m central and prime 
London areas Cl SO/CZ-OOopw. 


Coutiuued bn page 23 


- 5r " v -' • 

ii'p'i'.jc' -i 

s # ' S^ .T r»^r 

£M e;\ 


* Person Friday 
£ 8,000 

Second jobber until 1 yon 
Word Processing experience 
'for super varied job drafing 
with exhibitions. Must be pre- 
pared for interesting anddxcit- 
ing wort. Lois of contact *itt 


The Publicity Department of a 
company vitii may rated in- 
terests js based m Victoria 
where they need yow help. 
Shorthand win not be very bn- 
portant as you make contact 
with efients, ananga presenta- 
tions etc but your confident 
style and smart appearaics 
util count for a lot Abe 20+, 


Required for busy medical agency, Wl 
area. Age 19-24. Typing 45 wpm plus ac- 
curate figure typing. Knowledge of 
Olivetti word processor an advantage: 
Salary negotiable. 

Contact 01-637 3136 

(No agencies) 



*. sdrar-re '■■■.•.■ 

-i’.r -nta 


NO rnwnUMB CUftflOft 
■nmnwiJ w i nosmCaatitU' 
nv n looun* for a trtWty 
rflKiral rnnuiy «fwik4 mm 
onnnaer KM wdoKt toMinp 
inpk You ua ao ntwuw 
Iran ih. offtev 
W mcrOM dMH -TXpUta Oo 
«n " OT teaming. 

Qticn.Orma» km Appoint- 
ment* M-*99fKtTO . _ 

- profit star*. If you ar« rant. 
Bvtly and lookitig for a friendly 
company. than lotar Dih market 
research avcncy. You wfU iran- 
senhe i«y taMresUn, moons 
-and uucstionaim as men as as- 
stttmg the Of See U^-rof with 
dMni uason. Good pntmMoa 
Mf WP uiarMKi essential.' 
'Caroline ■ King Awotaimoih 
01-096 8070 

seers experience. reoWrM for 
sman to in wcz Opportunuy 
lm«K<d In the com- 
pany; «*MHnv “flth enema and 
company rat In ackuuun to oetv 
aval secretarial dona. $.hm 
renuhwtt. wp exommer ose-. 
Tui. C8.900C9^00 M Ol -AM 
TOOl O^Yst End) 01-577 8*00. 
<Qt* i Secretaries Plus. Thesec- 
rrtarlal consdUonta 

AUMO SCO C7.MO Son 18/19 
vr old with IBM D W kpowl- 
edoe Chrot ooprt »vUh fasnous 
MOfeoMMMia. CMI 1 Syhia Wn*. 
Office AngettY a Sinclair Mon- 
Irose Rrcruummi CamuKant*. 
Wl Ol 4W7H1 


?& ?** ' : J 



will turn yuu an if you are Into 
■Mi Tech’ An enterprMog Sac- 
retarv 20 »h who has 
snoriheiM lywog but » taler 
«M m me uw ws and 
PCs should Join (Ms dnUcatad 
Sales Cun [roller of $Wi Vim- 
unv £&ooo 10 start * super 
Inner lamdUs Cupness 
Ol SB9 8807 00)0 tBcc. 


M rs! EBd nsuiAe B ana S . V. 
caiMnenna nt win on 

rompnler Call MS* 
h'MMwnMU Office Anode 1*8 
Sinclair Montrose Ttafrugwetu 
ConumamsOl taovm 

MD 90 SO a Mr* far ln- 
\aheraent c£SL8oa call 
Natalia TED Agy tn-7» 9867 

expomUna J m i pp co nM 
supersec for onaB team. Lots of 
ctenl bauon on events, projects 
etc. fm pace. Great crowd. 
You win need min 2 yrs‘ exp. 
lots of cool com monsense and 
-exreneni typing. Age 22*. 
Please tel 01-009 1233 The 
Work Shop. 

Kent. Next step up for retaU 
c apd person, lota of extras. Can 
Mfchelie konopuNUa. OfUcr An- 
gels t a Sinclair Montrose 
HecrnKmetH COnsutunts. Wl. 
01-629 0777 ■ . ■ . 

ICSAL AMMO moo Mas. 
. Band eh partners. Relaxed eml- 
roo. Suit fast nexNMe sec TWK* 
annual bonuses CaU June Kay. 
Office Angeh t a Suictair Mon 
• irose RecniUmeni ConuUUats. 
Wl. 01-639 0777 

MRie mXATtOHfi C80BO PA 
lo assist fun client nandNna 
team, udve with famous di- 
ems. organise events, set up 
yonr own projects. 80. S0. 499 
8676 or after 7pm 699 4377 
Duke Si. Rec cons. 

VM> B8MV W 08 £14K Eaat 
Creydim. Tale Chaw ol data 
Input team with software 
house. Can Syfcta Kay. omre 
Ahpets t. a Sinclair Montrose 
Recruitment Consultants. Wl. 
01-430 2631 

CCT INTO LEiCAL horn Co law m 
an Aesec. WC2 lo C9-200. LVjv 
22* ; Bette Emu Agy 404 4666. 

glish SM. 36*. • cisooa 
Lan gu age StaH 46S 6922. 

PH 1EC no shorthand, lively Dm 
personality. mOOO. 734 1062. 
MBA Agy. 

VDU ornUTM BanlOng exp. 
qiy. £9000 Language Staff 
466 8922. 

MATUNE PA - lo £10600 * me 
benefits. Jom rh« major truer- 
nwonal trading company at 
Director iev d. carrying out a 
varied rate, you win be totally 
involved and win provide a 
complete support (unction with- 
in a cKIHHd aaviroi wi ent- 
6WH* 100-60 wpm Synergy, 
the rrcruUmeM consul lancy. 
0I«37 9633. 

W08SPLEX SUPCirVtSOft cisk. 
BJackfruip profeMioaal firm 
need nepd paper super. Great 
nrm to work for. Extremely 
busy with Ode benefits. Can 
Marta Head. Office Angels l.a 
Sinclair Montrose Recnritment 
Consultants, wi. 01-430 2651 


Full mnoront acceunls respotvsi- 
Mlltles. To T/B famous Chartno 
x orgn can Michelle 
Konownsw t a Sinclair Mon- 
trose Hecnittment QMUuttante. 
Ol 639 0777. 

CKANMPACHE! £8^00 markef- 
too opportunity for Iheiy. 
pottiuH a suc . Up ullbrr PA 
w«h a mature approach. 
Jaygar Careers • Shame Sal 
LTD. 01 730 5148. - ^ 

rLEBAL 87 £9.000 Molborn. 
Excrll pay nsec Mm £7 60 pw 
IV. NKe people. CaU Marla 
ReM. Office Anpeis t. ■ Stndair 
Monurose Recruumeni ConeoJ- 
tents. Wl. 01-450 2691 

1 1 -a 

office to kxriung lor a smart 
young lady lo lake charge of 
their racTMon area, escenont 
oworTnntty to take 
mponsIbUiy. handle some 

overflow typing, loot, after via- 
tor* plus various admhi tasks, 
typing ao wpm. ape 21 *. 10 
£9.000 FlnnesBC Appointments 
I R«r Cm i 01 499 9176. 

This magazine pubUMdng com- 
pany to tcekmo a young PA to 
assist the MD. Dealing with 
well-known pubur llpures. you 
win carry out a vwM function 
which win set you on the path 
to a great career. Skills 90,60 
wpm. Synergy, the rverolunenl 
consul lancy. 01-637 9653. 

rtmee press release*. £ 10 . 000 . 
734 1062. MBA Agy. 

0 Sturgis 



BecatHy scoured href tor Fia 
«h Sumy lenace and wena mcr 
wd ireanansd GAdesn. Lan to- 
ceptm loom Mb name 
Fnptace In OtMBo Bedmoms. 
Single Bednxjn^Sbjdv btcnsnaod 
Tim Bauapons. Easy access u 
Hanwread and Betot Park and 
awbbtt mmieddaty for a* year 
many at E «0 pa peek. 

Ora of Dm Viewed ft 


intfw converted house 
with Mt. weft tumitdied 2 
bed. 2 bath flat. Large 
raout mod- kitchen 
£325 pw. Co. Let. 

Hide Part Office: 

01-262 5960 

ST JAMES Premier position 1 bed 
flai in block, fully serviced, 
short lets. CISApw Goddard* 
Smith Ol 930 7321 

mured for Dlnionuts- 
Ex remit es Long ft Short lets. 
Gavin Cowper. 01-561 6732. 

Mwnrr ntvwe A burns 

have ouality propertm 91 au 
areas in let 637 0821. 

JMTTERSEA swil. Stunning 
Period house comprising of 4 
peat. 2 receps. 2 twite, targe 
ml Garden, roof terrace, cedar. 
CH. £256 pw: 244 7365 (T> 

knely room lo ML with shower 
en suite m beautiful apartment 
with terrace over looking gar- 
dens for 3 months £45. 60 pw 
Tot Ol 436 asoeiB-ioain> 

Ol 267 71731 day i 

VtsniNC LOHDOH7 Allen Bates 
ft Co have a setectkxi 01 flat* 
available for holiday lets from 
C2SOPW. 409 1666. 

W HAMPSTEAD lux 2 bed flat 
£150 pw Swim collage lux 2 
bed flat £230 pw. MuswMI Mill 
lux 4 bed house £290 pw. Swiss 
Conape lux 4 bed home. 2 
baths. £450 pw. 01-451 3191 

MX fMSy houses: £200 - £1000 
pw. Usual fees r*a- Plumps 
Kay ft Lewis. South of the Park. 
Chelsea office. 01-362 81 1 1 or 
North of the Park Rroeni's 
Park office, oi -sso 9882. 

greater flexiMbiy Obtain sour 
. furniture lor short or Iona term 
feb on our unique Wre sen ice. 
Ring Mr Michael Nortiurv. 
John Strand Contracts Ltd Tel 
. 01988 8018. 

Exceptional new 1 st floor fur- 
Pished conservation. 2 beds. Me 
rerep.fld Ml -break, oath. CH . 
Weal lor company. £186 pw. 

. PMIIl ft GO: Ol 499 9876. ■ 
NEGOTIATOR - A lop calibre ex- 
pertenwd LMlinm Negotiator ' 
Manager reaulrrd for Kremng- 
fpn nrm. Own car essential. 
Salary Mus commission. Call 
Mr QunasM 24 j 7353. 

HEW LUXURY APT* with palna. 

, designer decorated Kenswigtori. 
From £6O0pw Available im- 
mediately for Company let. 6 
'months minimum. Tel 01-573 

6306 Mou rn. 

PUTNEY MLLBW15. Very smart . 
arm spanoos rial ideally looted 
.close to transport. 3 double 
beds. 2 baths. Hugh double re 
cegtkm. tuUv equipped kitchen. 
£200 pw 244 7353 T1 
ntfirent 2 bed rial in eleoanl ■■ 
Victorian irerare Beautiful 
view overtookinq nrtvatr gar- 
dens Large rerep K & 8. £200 
pw Co tel. 244 7553. rri 
SWA Opposite Tube, in private 
Regency crescent lux newly 
agptd mats.. 2 dbte beds, ttuoi. 
dining rm. k’ ft b. uc. h. patio, 
free parking £22Spw ono. Co 
LH Tel. 01-622 4951 
LOOK! House 3 bedim reed, chil- 
dren welcome, phone £140 pw. 
Others. 100 627 2610 

Momeiocaiors open 7 days. 


Defigtrtful Rat- in pj>.b. 
ndwty dec & turn to 
standard avail for 
: 3 mths. t Bed. 1 Bath, 
1 Recap. £3O0pw. 

; PARK, W14 

Exceptional flat ava3 to 
IMS weeks •pin presti- 
gious pJiij. 24 how 
portarageL Magnificent 
turn & dec. 3 Bad. 3 
Bath. 3 Recap. 

£2JJ00pw neg. 

. 01-225 1972 j 

IjT- 7 Amcombe 
.ilk. . 1 &Ringland 
Residential Leftingt 

Landlords & Tenants 
come to us for 



and skmlar arete 
Phono now. 

01-734 7432 


Wte have a superb selection 

of personally inspected fur- 
resned and unfurnished 
properties In many Arts Resl- 
oentoi- dstnas. rangng 
from nso pw to £2X00 pw 

Tel: 01-486 8926 

F.WJUFF iManagctnent Ser- 
vicesi Ltd red uire pronertMH in 
rmiral voutn and woi London 
areas for watung appucanbhOi ■ 
221 8838. 

LAWSON ft MERMAN Diplomats 
ft executive urgently seek 
quality properties in aft central 
, wesi London arras. Tor atten- 
tion please ring 01-958 5425. 

SWISS COTTAGE, do you have 
excellent ia*te? Want spaaous. 
well rilled 3 bed lux a PM., qui- 
et. Central, good lor transport? 
For £200 pw. Tel: 01 451 1265 

WALFOLE ST SW1 Top floor 
manonette wltn 2 dole beds. 
rrcePL kit break, bthim. shwr- 
rm. £200 pw. Co teL Ridley ft 
Co. 01-584 6591 

CH EL SEA, brand new Uudia. k ft 
b. sun exec couple, nan smok- 
ers. cioo pw exa. Tel: oi 362 

MARA VALE 2 twdrm flat, pant- 
ing. garden. £110 pw. call the 
rental expert* 627 2610 

Homrlocaiors 7 days. 
mast Iuxuthmb long short id 
ants, twy 1 st i 8 bedrooms, 
w T P. Ol 935 9612. 
HOTTING KILL. Prestige 3 bed 
man. 9th nr. v. central Retro, 
ff kit. Bath. bale. £300 pw 
whitman Porter 09a 9446. 
NW2 lit flr flai is o h block, to- 
tally refurbished- 1 bed. rrcM. k 
ft b. £160 pw. Go let only o26 
8611 ill. 


currently seeking good quality 
rental accommodation In 
central London for waning 
company tenants 01 937 9681. 
AT *99 DeflghUul spacious mod- 
ern Mews house In Mania vate 
5 bedrms. 2 recMians. k ft b. 
garane- highly recomm e nded. 
£250 pw ono. *57 7365 Hi. 
AT we* Charming Mudw flai In 
M<xV at LUO per week And 
another iMiiy recommended in 
Fulham with a garden ai £100 
per week. 837 75n5 lit. 

EZ. 5 mint L pool St. cxcl. ? bed 
apt . »n conv Viet. School, v tews 
over park. fuUy (um^hni. 
1600 per month Ol 588 0131 
i work) 01-931 4970 ferret 
LECHY ST SW7. Lovely house in 
• hidden cukde-vac. 3 bed*. 2 
baths, sitting rm. kitchen Palm. 

- Avail rtow 4 mins. £450 pw 
neg MAskelK Ol 581 2216 
tut I bed flat with ceccptton. 
rone rated kitchen, bathroom 
with dressing area. £lSOpw. Co 
tel Ridley ft Co. 01-684 6391 
PETS /CHILDREN welcome 1 
worm flat gdn. reew. phone. 
£65 pw. Others all arete sties 
ptKre call 627 2610 

Homelocalars 7 das'*. 

Bed flat in good p.b - block 
Large Rreep. Sunny mod kit ft 
bain. £230 B*nham ft Reeves, 
kensmglon 938 3532. 

W2. Superb garden flat Double 
bed bath en su»lc E\c ktt. aU 
mach. Huge reception leading 
to prtvale terrace ft gardens 
£170 pw. W.TP. 936 9512. 

W2 Evert lem i Bed palm fiat. 
Mod Kll ft Bath ft attractive 
Recep Rm. Good Value £1 JO 
Benhom ft Reeves kenwrwjton 
938 3522 

WAmsHKHrm mns. superb 4 

bed. 3 bath hour in Melody IM 
Dbie receo. large modern Ui/ 
break, garden. £275 pw. Prop- 
erty Services. 01 996 4176. 

Marsh & Parsons 


Attractive second floor flat <wiih lift) in small 
modem development. Newly decorated and 
furnished. 2 double beds, spacious reception, fully 
filled kitchen with w/m. Modem bath. Available 
now for long company let f 120 p.w. 

01-221 3355 


tore time Pantrak, 
no vs.* beds. ? Bte. W H 

touting ip ndBdggilai E400 pw. 
«f*RWU3( S0 pit fiw Bw l*>- 
wag ip ganta £ tom out t M 
Ibl. suns, wep. w. 6 ( 1 *. UDO 

Wl Cow ay maul i bra ml 

tf2S pw 

ihorl lets in central area 

ilsc avail EICG-S; T.OQOa-- 

G 1-81:3 2^51 


Mansion Mock 2 tnms ham 
tube with nigh eaSngs and fub 
length windows. 2 due beds, 
spacious reepts. kacherV- 
diner. with wusher/dryer, 
batfwnr/aiower & sep wc 
Video entrance phone and res 
P°rtW. Long co 1st 2280 pw. 
Newly decorated cosy 1 bed 
flat on 5 rn floor with WL Kit, 
w/dryer. bathrmy shower, long 
CO IbL E155 pa. 


SI 930 7321 

KMGWrSBSHDSE Eteganl new S 
bed flai with full length win- 
dows overlooking park- 
• immaculate kitchen ao rat 
cHinn. marble bathroom, xp 
wc. Long co KL £390 pw God 
dard ft Smith Ol 930 732 1. 

SWI In rwliolif cuM*uc a 
suite of rooms, beautifully fur- 
nished with a grand piano. 
Shared kitchen - must be seen lo 
be appreciated. 6 months plus. 
£190 pw Goddard ft Smith Ol 
950 7321. 

THE UMW/SHOCrr LET Special, 
tots We have a large selection of 
luxury 1.2.34 bedroom flai* 
with maid yeviee. Interior dr- 
signed and centrally located. 
Angela WUUanu Ot 258 3659. 

nary Executives high calibre 
properties Move £450 per week 
m 51 Johns Wood. Kara pit rad ft 
neighbouring areas. Ben ham ft 
Rfpve* RLO 01-436 9681 

Wl LARGE LUXURY Furnished 
flai 3 beds. 2 receps- kitchen 
and 2 baths j I en suiter gasCH 
Chw. All appliances Long let 
pret. C36O0W. Tel D1429 
6102 111 

MMUCO SWI. V prrny 2 bed flat 
with palm, large tilt diner. 
Close tube ft shops. £150 pw. 
Burlunan. 01 561 7767 
SC I ft. Nicety lurmshed house 
avail 5lh July. 3 bedrrrts. GCH. 
pOn. Suit lam or sharers. £1 ID 
pw 822 9741 M pm Only. 
SLOANE AVENUE drlighlful. 
airv mimUo flat avaiteMe now. 
snort or long lei £160 p w uk. 
Tet. Ol 870 5855 
WIMBLEDON 9W19 Pro! perron 
n s. 24*. io share with one oth 
er. own room. CH. ckne BR 
stalitm £150 PCM- Tel 640 
9290 afire 6pm 

A BA RG AIN! 1 dbie bedrm flat 
£06 pw RccPt. Washer TV 
Phone. Gdn. Nr lube Others. 
t>27 *>10 Hometocatars- 
AMERICAN Bank urgently re 
quires luxury Hau. and houses 
from £200 ■ £1.000 pw. Rina 
Butgess Estate Agents 501 9136 
AT Wt Nr Regents Street, hand 
■mine modem (la* in work wun 
I dMe bed. rend, k ft b. garage, 
till etc £1 75 pw. 837 7565 Ul. 
houses Cltetoea. krogtibbrogr. 
Belgrat la. £ 200 -£ 2 . 000 pw. 
Tel Burgess S81 5136. 
BATTERSEA W»*'l. Spacious 4 
bed 2 haih. house. Sun snarers 
uiihacotet £225 pw Buclun- 
*oi 01 351 7767. 

BEHR ft BUTCHOFF ter luxury 
properties in 51 Johns Wood . Re 
reus Park. Maada Vale. Svens 
Con ft Hampstead 01-586 7661 
CHELSEA smdM fiat in lovely 
private house. DW bed. wtling- 
kn din ft bam. £120 pw ogg 
21M or 362 3961 after 6pm 
CMLDREN wekome J bedrm. 
retpt. Pets ok. £100 pw CM her % 
loo Call Ihe experts 627 2610 
Hc-meloralors 1HI 9 
CHISWICK QUAY. Delightful 4 
bed T Hxe overlooking Manna 
2 haihv. garane. £277 twTrt 
Whitman Porter 99J 9446. 
FULHAM Pretty l Bed flat in best 
area Large Recep. KH ft Bath. 
Ii5upw Ben ham ft Reeves, 
kensusgton 9Ja 3622. 
and peaceiul 3 bedrm lurnKhed 
apartment wun new rilled kit 
1J r Co tel £275pw 348 4098 
HAMMEHSMmLLata-nwT Court 
ComionabiH warn ui 3 pedrm 
•urn apol with new lit kit. lyr 
Co let C276PW. 348 4098 
cheeriui flat Peter Jones tur 
nlshed 2 beds, reception. K ft 
B £145 pw. G M. Ol SSI 4105. 


Siunreig 3 brawn agtranM 
atu on the Stti H 001 ol pnagnafr 
Pbb FiAy wtrt ucnen. bbnA- 
fdY bmatacL Reap. ntm. 3 

Buminy OeaniaL 3 bad. 2 
bam. 681 floor to set m mmuxt 
btock E KM. Itas tom. Ktth, 
J DM Bads. Tliijli BhL 2 
Bams. ESSOpw wo. 

^01-629 6604^ 

IS Plaza Estates 


Large 1st and 2od floor m a son- 
Etta owflootang Squats. 2/3 
bedims ff receps. 11. tat 2 
baths, private pano. 1350 pw. 


Ctomag. bgtn. quel 1st floor 
Mews Hal wnb lots of character, 
f recap. I dbto bedrm. baOirm.- 
1.1. tol £200 pw. 

01-581 7648 

01-724 3103 01-531 7646 

HAMPSTEAD Lge fulbr lumtehrd 
family nouse with all mod appli- 
ances. C h. TV. fridge freeze, 
microwave, dishwasher, wash- 
ing machine, dryer, uirh. 
dining mi. living rm. 6 beds. 2 
baths gdn. gge. hum road. 
USOpw Co tel preferred. 
TeLOI-455 8246 or 904 6059 

bed rial, close to Regents Park ft 
convert io city went Ena Bal- 
cony. lounge diner, fully lined 
kit and tvilh. newly (umished. 
inr linen, pas CH. all fan! pro- 
vided Must be seen. £185 pw. 
Tel Ol 684 1419. 

WALTHAMSTOW. 2 bediuMfl 
Muse. 30 mins from West End 
Av enable July lo Nov . Apply to 
HaroMLeviftCo Ot 5569211. 
BAKER ST.WI- Lnlum 2 bed 
mod mews house, with gge 
£1 75 pw Buchanan. 361 7767 
SOUTHWEST 2 dNe bedrm flat, 
wds pets welcome. Tv leepr 
gdn nr lube. £100 pw other's 
627 2610 Hometocators 
lor company lets m 6 MM. Rrii 
irom £210 per month Apply 
402 8366. 

SWI Charming maisonette with 
own entrance. 3 Beds. Recep. 
Iar«te terrace, hath. Shwr. CH. 
£180 pw 854 0178 
BARBICAN Outknr maisonette. 1 
bed. bain Ml. Co tel £200 pw 
me Tel 01 755 2208 
8ELGRAVE SO Superb maws 
Hse. 6 beds. 3 baths, long ter. 
£1.500 per week Ol 730 2232 
CENTRAL CHI' Studio £5Spw nr 
nine. ethers 677 2610 

Hom*tocaiors open Tdays 
CHELSEA Light lux balcony flat. 
Double bedroom, recep. Ufts. 
Pdf ires Long lei .632-5825, 
CHELSEA brand new flat turn 
with last* Recep. bed k ft b Co 
L« U56 pw. 01 5S2 6799. 
COST COTTAGE 2 bedrm phone. . 
rerePl rntee. LUO pw others 
677 2610 Horoetocators- 
phone handy luh« £78 pw call 
627 2610 HomelDCatorv 7 days. 
EAST END FLAT 2 bed. recpL 
9dn. Phone £90 pw Others 
o77 2610 Hometecatorv 7 days. 
lore See General 
Appoint men is 

KENSMGTON WS, Minnt 2 bdra 
flat, large gdn £200 pw 
Long *hon tel. OI 602 594| 
KENSINGTON studio hands' lube 
Phone. £65 pw. Others 677 
7e>10 Home locators 7 days. 
MAYFAIR studio Handy lube 
rretef pnonr LUO pw Others 
c*27 26lo Hootetocaion 7 dais. 
REDCC 2 bedrm Hal. recpL 
phone, gdn. £80 pw other* too 
627 2610 Hornet CMtalors. 

SKITCO LTD. Flats nouks Cen- 
tral London ft Suburbs 244 
743o 7 370 6232 ex! 406 
Gallened bedrm for I 2 Brand 
new K a B £98pw 466 6769 
■ainrr b 2 bed fiat Battersea 
C2CS pw neg Co tel 937 9681 
SWISS. COTTAGE, superb spa- 
nous Hal | dbtebed. 1 igebv. k* 
ft B. CH Lite pw. 871 0417 

UNFURNISHED Hat. 1 bedrm. 

Pbo<re. reepv. £86 pw. Hurry* 
e27 3610 Homelocaiors till 9. 
VICTORIA DtMe studio redec £90 
pw Others too c>27 2610 
Homrkk'au>» 9-9. 7 days. 

W14. l bed 1st flr bale flat, brand 
new. with wash marh. Co tet. 
£120 pw neg 937 968tiTl. " 




Wc have a constant needYor Legal Secretaries. 
SH/ Audio Secretaries, WP opi. Copy Typists 

and Td/ReceptioniBtft. 

Top rates for Top Tetmps - op to £6J30 ph 
Laura Hitching, on 01-242 0785 - 
Holiday pay + Bank Holidays 

'VersormeL Appointments 

95 Aldwycfi. London WC28 4JF. Tel: 01-242 0785 jHk 
(ansafjflone ater office trams) 

Garorei adwo Secretary ram 
lemp* to perm pomiod. 
umnilred lownren t Rec Corad 
01 4*3 3005 



Urgently needed for nn- 
mediate temporary as 
..signment5..An brokings 
start immediately - 
.some short term, some 
indefinrtB- Ring and ask 
us about the very attrac- 
tive rates. 


A new unique service to 
our readers and advertisers. 



FILM CO require* loo Pa 'Secre- 
tary tor Manaomg - Dtrecior. 
snartnmd pwenuy- Top rates 
WicmtiM Johnson (Me Cons) 
Ol 493 5005 


P4 StxTMoy with wp ewte- 

remrr CxcibnO Poca on p. .Tee 
tam wixmttfed jsmnwe ( Rec 
Const Ol 493 5005 


JiKfyFarqiiliarson Limited 

47 New Bontl Straw. London, W1Y 9HA. 


MaoiabonN conx>any based Wt urggptfy roads aonior PA arttn 

“ MS pav »p rara. start it 2 wBehs. 

for the 

REC 8F f l UNU I /TELE FH 0 I R1T . 

. A bosM NWnti rnnArfd by 
(irra « ARMtKto and Surv*V- 
ok Km* renttUon ana » our 
attractive. wCi office. Reqent 
- cwftcftbooFd. J0*» typing. 
Scow far raavfnd ftBoBtis apart 
to dir aevdapmem of (Us*, 
fjsendty etpautms 
C7JMXL tv*. Coma n««* I 
01-831 W8 tNo AgmeteS. 

JWT 4MW1KTM gren vato 

able, tranina and cxpertenc* la 

rKruttmtet wtlh pmately run 
ctKtsaflanto ta Cmml Umhin - 
Ample oppornxiwi' jo vjs« com 
cre w s anti ■ hraocUe- the 
UmnDtraum «f runmnd* 149 
expanding team of temps. K«*- 
mm iiu&k ao atorc ooctiem 
salary *' fowmtw. Oontaci . 
Atrany okmt sm ios». 
Mcreduh Srod RcrmtmraL 

Sec ; 


Esc oftyfo* confitkal eeBe^ 
itiffcr to- join Mfl fanouq 
'jw&jiihar. varied admin do- 
tira x Ka gawitfa mbImw and 

punt* nL 

Eiog SozaxuiB Lee 

01-626 5280 


SSSSL^- £!*"&' ‘ Company 
Ctonr? Qf«* Embankment 
are* 'orteo >rar.k Sdrthand 
ow *?*"«»*' How* 


Pinciors or small Tivety 
Insurmoe Broken require , 
nn-time secroary. Flexi - 1 
-Ne as io hours, wp 
experience nsefiiL 

Bing Timothy Fletcher on 
01-938 3441 

PART me, flirtnl wTtttcn and 
vpokret trreurh. S moraings pre* 
hfrt. tai sec P rlemeaury 
book knnunq Good pjj- Call 
408 lofti MivtnirtOti Jrilres 

n« ini 

&t*a d .ft Clvn inquire part unw 
-soles tun to market itu mw 
‘ «M4otHnmb m 'Credral Ldh 
. non. 2 3 days per wm*k ana or 
, weekend*, Rmy 01373 -A42& 
ref CMM 

Tfou can now phone in your advertisement to us any Saturday 
morning, from 9.30a.m. to 1.00p.m. * 

This is a unique new service for all classified advertisers in 
The Times and Sunday Times — and it costs no extra. 

To book your advertisement phone 01-4814000. 













Law Report June 16 1986 Court of Appeal 

Ml cfa»rivd advvrtisfmems 
can tv accepted b> Wcpbone 
tempt AnnonneemnusL The 
deadline is SJXfcm 2 days prior 
to pubiicutofl lie 5.00pm Mon- 
day Tor Wednesday) Should 
you wish to send an adterusc- 
ment in writing ukase include 
your daytime phone number. 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
queues or problems relating to 
your advertisement once it has 
appeared, please coman our 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone on 01-491 4100. 


CHISWICK. O R in ditrarbvc flat CHEW FUCHTS WorMwMe 
nr TiUjriFY C 1 76 DCiTI Incl T« HasniarMt Ot 350 1300 

4.f.7 9H78 LM ■ 


2 bed lla* 4JJ £ lfi0 ITC OmdSH 073. 

urn r\Cl Ml 31SZ e\B 
an. hit. Bain. CH pent —————— 

mrl 01 73*9166 AtUY Own 

CLAPHAM MOtTTH Prof omL-lo ■“£***• rAU M BK 
.v. M mnal R. ntfu-rtv rirv till TrAvrfwn* At 

artw-ntur* Centre court iKketx 
2 iKkcts July 3th lady* finals 
tsoo 2 llrtrts Juts 61b mem 
fin* C.7SO L'oungr IwWv. ur 
paiS Included Trt Oi ?J6 6896 



L TC Open Sal 07358S7O55 

BCMA/CAPRLAn groan or ho- 
Ids A character pendont. 
VtothUy btanas OI«$6 m4J83 

Taxing foreign life insurance company 

w ” _ . . •_ ximu>w>r 9ntdR.-7f41 anolkcf 

:>■ ; 
:}r ^ 1 

lAHARKS Ol «l 
rlww AMi £tol 

CR0C00UC bnefra**. unwanted 
ntlt. rml Cl BOO. (or Mte £500 
DIM Trt.Ol 7 34 ZBTO 

uuirOHIal O R. ucwty dec 1111 Tiunwo» AM* pwi 

£150 pnti i net * Ml. - 

rUt-MAW. Pfn) M f own room. 

CloO pm * *wH. Td 724 SWtTmtUWDSrhntiJM nipilv 


Mid Jmv Mid Aug Send SAE 
to v tol o Part End SC Crowd 


FERRARI B<*sl wishes 
CKovanna and Roberto on 
sour tsin birthday. From 
Mum and Dad. 


CARTER; SABIN On June lath 
' 1917 JI tn» Hots Tnnlll 

Cburrh. Sir jllcmd-on Avon ov 
Canon Mrliute Hubert Crwp 
lo Gntrudr Marion Prrveni 

addrrw to mi ward, to yen li TO 

Kent 1 


TILLET MaMr wishc-v le exorevv 
lliwrfe llunt., la all rrlallin. 
fnnHh and netobhoun for Ihrtr 
Sind mesuom and Ipllcra o f 
wmnainy lerdird at iw vers 
ud low ol Her dear huvband. 

and lain Onlury rrvtlra am 
reproduction lumllure. dear 
ante now an Netllctjed. Ow 
>0-191 1 S-t 1I1S. Beading >0 73 4 
S9I7JI Bournemoulh rtUO? 
293500. Berkeley. Ob» >OAS3 
010952. ToBSham Devon 
>0392971 74*5 

FINEST quality wad nrpets Al 
trade price* and under, a tv 
available lOCTs exlra. law 
room Mrc remnant* uiKter Hall 
normal pnee Chancery Carnet' 
01 OOfi 0433 


vi/ec Stole bed. 200 assorted 
mode tv must Be cleared regard 
In, d coal. 0793 
010096 615900 anytime 
THE TI«S 17B5-1B8B. Other 
lilies avail Hand bound reads 
lor presentation aho 

"Mintin' El 2. SO Remember 
When oi 688 6523 
ourliqhl Exp. Chess. Lm Mu 
All theatre and sports 
Tel 821 -6616 828-0493. 

A Ex Visa Dmers 
ALL TICKETS Wimbledon, le 
Mr. pop shows. Wham. Queen 
and Rod Mewarl bought and 
raid Ol 831 2660 
SIOTlIqni.toiniMrdon Tennis, 
to ham available now Ol 039 
0500 All credit cards accented 
to imblrdon lirsctj bought, sold 
or exchanged. Tel. Ol T9I 

SEATTHOICRS Arty event inr Lm 
MK Covent Gdn. Slartighi Exp. 
to imMedcn. Crjudebourne. 01 
829 1678. Staler rredlt cards. 

0884 9am lo 12 
FULHAM Prof F 2Sv lo share CH 
flat win F owner. O R. £60 pw 
VMI Tel Ol 731 3194 eves 
FULHAM Share attract (Mn IK 
own rm £56 pw Td. Ol 731 
5895 after 2pm 

HAMPSTEAD NWS 3rd person 
share lux flat. O R. £75 PW 
men Ol 794 4562 eves 
own room, lint mixed Bat. £55 
Pto incl 286 0491 
NWS O R in new nee house CH 

15 mm Centred tv £30.00 pw 

I IK-1 Tel Ol 202 2503. 
PUTNEY. Prof male lor own 
room-+ tuBshr lac IMS Nr Ha 
liens E46pwmcl Ol B70S791 
ST JOHNS WOOD Mon To Frt £40 
Ind ■ 7 <uys neni. C ti.gdlLn s 
Qutel. pleasant room 2867972 
SW9 available now flat, own 
room rti. £30pw pvcL on lube 
and bus routes Ol 382 5298 ex 
SW19 Nr Common a rube, m l 
share Rat JuMviov U80PCM 
net 01 789 5939 after 6am 
SW17. Prof m 1 25 + lo Mir rial 
O r Cl 30 pm no Ret dep 
leu Td Ol 767 0739 
SWS Lqp dbte rm a van for single 
prof XI F m Ige lu\ flat £55 pw 
evrl. 01-582 9 d 98 anytime 
rourmo. Prat m. t. n s to stir 
hse. O r £140 p r m TH Ol 
628 4272 ext 252 (day) 

W6. Prof M F Non srakr Age 
2de Own rm £130 pan «KI 
Nr Tube 748 1727 Eva 

Ol 724 2388 AST A A TOC 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled flights 
Ot 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

a week retaxma at our private 
beach hotel, then a week cruts 
Ing on our yacht lor £330. inr 
III H B- iree w . snorts. Iwk A 
Other romblnalionv pens. Abo 
Ills ooU tram £99 01 326 

A viBa. a pom and a beautiful 
view. What - more could 'you 
• want? Choose front Tuscany. 
&anHnia or Ffendlo ihetoveu- 
er parts of holy where the mass 
market opera t ors don't 90. C3r 
comnne a villa hohdair udth a 
«ay hi Venice^ Ftomm or 
R®mr Flee brochure tram 
Magtr of Baly. Oepl T. 47 StMp- 
hCHH Bwh Green. WL 2 BPS 
Tel. 01 749. 7449 124 hrv 
service i . 



S F ANL Pormnat Ctwapest fares 
Biggies Ol 736 8191 ATOL 

■oca Perfect clrnale. fabulous 
watervporls. superb food, un 
li nil led uine Faruasllr bargain 
onresgrom £195 for June dens 
BUdon Lines Travel. 

Ol 783 2200. i 

aasicii l ier s oh nights hots 

to Europe. l‘SA A rural desuna 
lions. Dvptomar Travel: Ol 730 

ALGARVE. VDIalara deluxe etnas 
A ants. All amerdlMs me rasL 2 
Ppfds. pne beech. AvaH June- , 
Oct Ol 409 2838. VdiaworhL 
*UMRVE. LUX Villas wuh POOH. 

S Ottoll0,aaa 

ALBAHVK, Vlhet wun pools. The 
Villa Agency 01-824 8474. 

Son Life Assurance Company 
of Canada v Pearson {Inspec- 
tor of Taxes) 

Before Lord- Justice. Fox. Loni 

Justice Nourse and Lord Justice 


[Judgment given June 1 2] 

Sun Life Assurance Company 
(SLAO. a .Canadian insurance 
company carrying on business 
thougb a branch or agency in the 
United Kingdom, was liable to 
be taxed in respect or its life 
assurance business under sec- 
tion 316 of tbe Income , and 
Corporation Taxes Act 1970. 

_ 'It could not idy on provisions 

in the Double Taxation Relief character"? It was not now 
(Taxes on Income) (Canada) disputed by SLAC. dial. section 


Orders (SI 1967 No 482 and SI 
1980 No 709) to prevent that 
statutory provision from apply- 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in a reserved judgment dismiss- 
ing SLACs appeal from a 

Three- -issues 1 were now ^ ^ TflfSS 

outstanding; , ■ ‘^SlJKSSSSiJSaJJSS - where “iHas been customary 

l .Were .certain amendments . 316 was inconsistent with article . *'“ o dc ^ rni ^ ^ profit 
made to section 430 or me • n A/ — . attributed to a permanent 

Income-Tax Act 1952 after *e ^SJLftSifthe ' SaW» 5 hme»i"on fliei^is of an 

coming into force of the 1967 apportiomneitt'of tbe total jwvf. 

Treary (now incorporated . into law of the Untra Jungflom jZVfrtveenteiririsetoits varioiis 
sections.3|6aiid 319oftbe 1970 relaung to the lia bility to lax ofa ^ method of 

Act), rendered ineffective b>- the life assurance not {5 “saeb that the 

feet that article 6C7)of the 1967 having {“.teacl be to accordance 

Treaty .only contained a saving. United Kingdom ^ nrincipte embodied 

for movisohs of the United income from the investments of «n«*uea 

Kingdom law which . were in. its - life assurance fondj>eing -^T^cSram's case was that 

soas not io affect their general that date have been modified n*o»K mm -^mesimeet 
character"? It was not now only in minor respects so as not - • -r - 

SSdby SLAC that. section ta^ affect . their genert 
4 36 was a provision within character" ■ ... ■. 

article 6(7). The xdevanl pravi 5 Kms _for 


modified only in minor respects 
so as" not to affect their general 

USA fr £irs Singh-. £210 rtn 
KuhSrawn Fmv Motor trav- 
el. 01 <45 9257 IATA 

BA RBF L L A. Lux villas with 
ptwto. Avon June to Oct. Ol 409 
2838 V mworM. 

dispuied py MAL . tnai. secuon 
430 was a provision within 
article 6(7). . 

2 In relation to the 1980 Treaty, 

was section 316 dT the 1970 Apt 
preserved by article 7 of that 
Treaty? ■ . . ' 

3 A subsidiary issue concerned 
the' meaning of the words iti 

“profits" meant “investment 
mcome*. '* • ' , - 

'Section 316 was heWfo 
give reasonable effect to. the 
principles of artide -7. In the 

am<£ « 1 Tpra^s v^u^n circranstances Jhe judge's 
430 of the 1952 Act. the prede- cwickiswns oailiatmafeer.sw 

4> ‘ite **■ — -* - — - gTcj*i If it fWl. 

decision or Mr Justice Vinelott *the meaning of the worm ih 
in the Chancery Division ([1984 J section 3 1 6(3) .“poltcyhoktos 
STC 461) confirming in prin- . . . whose proposals were made 

cessor of section 316. Section 
430 bad been amended by 
Schedule 14 to the Finance Act 
1969 (now incorporated into 
section 316). . 

alsp correct. . .. .. 

Issue 3_ SLACs business was 
or gani zed into geographical di- 
visions. -One was foe British 
division. ' having an imderwru- 


Bern Travel. Trt Ol 388 6414 . 



TKtbrv Ptrpv occrpl llm an her I WtMDLEDON. CATS. Slarllghl 

pmonal Ihanliv. 



We repair all makes 
of TVs and videos. 
30 years. 

V & T Services 

01-720 7581 lUZraS? 

E\o Qwsk. Ln Mb All theatre 
and -port Tot 631 5719. 637 
1715 All major cmlli cards. 
toimhJ prion TicKets Bouoln A 
Sold Top prKC^ paid 01 831 
imo 81 or Ol 851 1306 
cork Vllh-rovABoch Hr Ue beat 
any pnrr IKS 0932 784128. 
WHAM. QUEZN, Wimblrrion. all 
Ihoalm and all Sold Out events 
Ring 01 701 8285 

Bouonl and sow Tel 01-881 
3347 or Ol 791 2286 
WBBUDOH and air Poo Events. 
Tickets bought and wW 
Ol 9500077 or 01 -9300598 
WIMBLEDON. Two Centre Court 
lick— Is Ladies Finals July 5 Of- 
fers Tel 0580 86302 nr 

CALIBRE CVS profess anally 
written and produced cumeu 
lum ulac dovuntents. Details 
01 580 2959 


Y\ onlworih Pmoimd can nc 
ornmend nannies molhm 
helps, lor short period- holl 
duv illness or permaneni 
aMNdncc For luritier details 
wnlr or phone lo WenltoOrth 
Prrumnrt 18 Marlin Rise. 

Best seals, in lm rows Lounge 
badges eU Tel. 01 402 78S1 
Centre Court for anv day BM 
seats Pic. TV- phone 757 5602 
WMMh deOefiturm. ong hoM 
er. 2 cenire court seals and 
lounge passe- 01-481 0641 
al comoclltlve prices Ol 741 
8407 anvlime 

Thorpe Heslev. Rolherham. Sin I WIMBLEDON TICKETS available 

Yorkshire Tel 0742 464723 
COMPANY GOLF Class organised 
lor stall or ctMomen Any ID 
ration Td 0731 8727T2 
HEART to HEART. Todays wav 
of m-eling Confidential intro 
due lions throughout UK for 
Companionship. Friendship 
Marriage Heart to Heart. 32 
London Rd. Twickenham 
Middx 01 892 2051 
FRIENDSHIP. Love or Mamaor 
All ages areas Daidine. Dept 
iQ16t 23 Abingdon Road. Lon 
mm UR Tel 01938 (Oil 
CONFIDENTIAL InvcsthwHioito A 
Assignments undertaken 
toorldtoide 0860372740 

lor all Jayv also wanted Ol 
225 4500 

The best- Ml n n pmc H 
injm cBMti stee 1970 

1 . Smaliworld 105421 27272 for I 12 
details of last mmole bargain 
holidays Mostly lor 20-50 age 
group in Elba A 28 June. Tur- 
kov 18 A 25 June. Crele 24 
June. Svml 25 June. 

o w £39S rtn £645 Auckland 
o w C420 rtn £774. JoUurg 
o w L306 rtn £470 LosAnge- 
lr>o W £192 rtn £580. London 
rhgni Centre 01-370 6532. 

New York £249 LA £529. To 
rotilo £229 JTnirg £419. 

NangM £309. Sydney £639. 
Auckland £749. Darlalr 130 
Jermyn Street 01 859 7144 
Wheeler specialise In ready- lo- 
wear Ughiweighl A tropical 
win. tuxedos, hosiery 8 acces- 
sories 129 Regent St. 

100 OFF TURKEY. t7. » jane. 
1 2wkg. B. B or c. c accam. Ol 
891 6469 (24hnl TurVKh DC- 
right Hcriuuys. atol 2047 


I ciple assessments to corporation 
j tax made ouil for its accounting 
periods ending December 31, 
1972 to December 31, 1977 
inclusive. . 

SLAC was refused leave to 
appeal lo iheUouse of Lords. 

Mr Andrew Park. QC and Mr 
David Goy for SLAC; Mr J. Ni- 

le the company at or through its 
branch or agency in tire United 

Issue I Articles 6(2) and (3) of 
the 1967 Treaty and 7(1) aiia (2) 

Chadwick. QC and Mr Chris- 
topher McCall for the Crown. 

ing the judgment of tire court, 
said that the case involved 
consideration of statutory pro- 
visions relating to tire taxation 
of foreign life assurance com pa - 

PHONE (0297) 60339 

tiie 1967 Treaty and 7(l)aiid (2) 
of tire 1980 Teaty provided for a 
Canadian business carried on 
through a permanent establish- 
ment, in the United Kingdom to 
be taxed on so much o f the 
industrial and commercial, prof- 
its. of tire enterprise as was 
attributable to its permanent 
establishment in the United 
Kingdom, the amount to . be 
attributed being the profits 
which the establishment “might 
be expected to make iftt were an 

<?} an alteran on was fo London.;- 

ade to the basis of charge from territories comprised in 

proportion of the British divin were En- 

vestnrent income tased^ on -bad. wales, ScodaraL Nonh- 
?US?v , 0 'S!? 5 KS Jritiand, foe Repubfic of 



Lbi minute nights A botktay* I 

?«« «£ I isles (w^^ECrTcohiwaai. siT 

perb house avaitoble June. 1412 
week July. S leeps & none Ol 
9 34 3801 Daytone. 

OLFERRO lust 1 111 from geo on 
beach 2 Osbcnnam collages. 
AHo farm cats. 0603 73121 


Europe /USA fights 01-937 SCO 
.torn Haul Rights 01-603 1515 

istftumss dan 01936 3144 
Gtmnmeni Lamsd/SmiM 

Matu <09231 771366 Tutisway 
HoUlUvv ABTA. ATOL 1107 
frights eg. Rm £488. Lima 
£485 rtn Abo Small Croup 
HoIkUv Joumeyiirg P**ru 
tram £5501 JLA 01-747-3108 
ISA. S. Amcflca. MM and Far 
East. S Africa- Trayrale. 48 
Margaret Street. W1 OI 680 
2928 (Visa Accepted) I 

N-'YORK Miami LA. CbcapM i HKH WEALD 1« HOOT flat In Ed- 

those provisions of double tax- 
ation treaties between tire 
United Kingdom and Canada. 

By contrast section 316 
sought to impose tax on the 

T T_ ir- nfs 

The taxation of the profits of United Kingdom business ofa 
such companies bad historically foreign life assurance company 

kfMui tmnWloDAivia Tf intmltiMl b_ . .. ■ « 



Flgunnm. anunah. etc., wani- 
en 01 883 0024 





‘.SAVE £££’s 
1,000’s of seats 
must be sold 


Lb lawyer 17 Buhtrode sl 
L ondon WI Ol 486 0815 


adliniarilr uoal worth £80*up- 
died with any puna over £800 
purchased during June. Phone 
lor Iree catalogue 30A 1 
Highgale Rd. Nto'5. O! 267 


and reconditioned Quality al 
reasonable price*. 326 Bnghhni 
Rd . S Croydon. 01-688 3613 


wanted. Ol 688 9449 Dav 
Eve* Ol 397 4589 and 01 305 


CONTRAPTIONS. iniercsUno old 
invention*. Como*, any condi 
linn Phone 091 2810754. 

■day* >.-091 2818610. levesL 
CLYNDEDOURHC 2 llrtwto re- 

gwreo lor Thursday lOtti July 
Contact Mrs Price Tet 0IA99 
9688 rBelween 9-5 pun. 
WIMBLEDON We guarantee lo 

£5001 unexpectedly available 

on private driven pheasant 
shod. 86 87 season. Only 45 
minute* Central London. 6 Sat 
urtUTT 1.300 -Mods released. 
Reply to BOX. A31 
HENLEY day charter available. 
Maximum 8 persons on luxury 
cruiser Trt: Ot 854 3186 

fare* on malar LLS. scheduled 
earner* Aba transatlantic 
charter* A flights to Canada. 01 
584 7371 ABTA. 

pean dew (nations v Alexander 
Ol 402 4262 0062 ABTA 
61004 ATOL 1960 
Worldwide cheapest fares 
Richmond Travel, i Duke 51 
Richmond ABTA 01940 4075. 
TUNISIA For mat perfect holiday 
udih sunny days A carefree pis. 
Ideal Spring Summer Tunisian 
Travel 01-575 4411 
a lib and Ft nr. BESTTARE Ot 
394 1642 AM 1400 
AM BARCAMS FR £65. Spain, 
rials. Greece. Pori. Canaries. 
Switz. Germany. 01-454 4526 
ALICANTE, Faro. Malaga etc 
Dunond Travel ATOL 1785. 
01 681 4641. Horsham 68541 

wardian country house. 3 
bedrooms. £J 60 pw avail from 
lb. 6 lo 2S>7 s, from 7-9 *86 
Trt: 0892 64708. 

bedrooms, beautiful news. 
£100pw aval) 28 6 to 12,7. A 
from 30,8 -86: 08926 4708 

been troublesome. It involved 
valuation of I abilities and assets 
which, at any rate until the 
arrival of modern electronic 
aids, were not likely 19 be 
available annually. 

The matter was further com- 
plicated by SLAC being, non- 
resident and by the possible 
existence ofa life assurance fond 
which would itself produce in- 
come that was available for 

bjf attributing to the United 
Kingdom- branch as it trading 
income a proportion of the 
workl-wide investment income, 
of the enterprise. 

In Ostime v Australian Mu- 
tual Provident Society ([I960] 
AC 459) the House of Lords, 
held that a tax charge on a 
notional sum of trading profits 
based on a calculation attribut- 
ing. as its trading profit, 10 -the 
United Kingdom establishment 


SHROPSHIRE- Ofw**ln/ g rfllin 
Gram Fjrmrae. sips 6- Cot col 
TV From JC70PW 0691 680774 

taxation. United Kingdom establish 

But that would only be so if ofa foreign insurance com 
the assets producing that . in- a proportion of the woridr 
come were themselves in the income of its parent, was not 
United Kingdom. To meet the permit led by a treaty containing 
situation special legislation was provisions similar, to articles 6 
enacted initially in 1915. . and 7. 

made to the basis of charge from 
a proportion of world-wide 
investment income based on 
'premiums lo a proportion based 
on liabilities; and (b) alterations 
were made, as to management 
expenses relief.' 

Did-tiiose alterations modify 
sea ion 430 “only in minor 
respects so as not to affect their 
general character'*? The test to 
be applied was ‘whether 'they 
“affected: the general character" 
of the previous litigation. SLAC 
contended tint they did. 

- The change— substituting one 
rough and ready yardstick for 
another — did not result in such 
a change in character. 

It was also contended by 
SLAC that a further effect of tire 
1969 legislation was to lake away 
or -limit the right to set off 
income tax deducted al source 
against corporation tax or to 
claim a repayment of such tax. 

But having considered tire 
provisions in the. Finance An 
1965 introducing' corporation 
tax. it could not be said that the 
effect of the legislation was to 
take away any right to repay- 
ment or set-off. v It was con-, 
cemed with -machinery only. 

-Thus- the amendments could 
not be said to have altered the 
general character of section 430: 
the conclusions reached by Mr 
Justice Vinelott otv that issue' 
were correct.. 

Issue 2 The Crown accepted foal 
on -the basis of the Ostime Case, 
section 31 6- was in -Conflict with 
article 7(2) of tire 1980 Treaty. . 

and the Isle of Man. 

Some, five tegkmal offices 
within the British, division ex- 
isted and had. tire ptinripal role 
of checking procedural matters 
leading up to the issue of 
policies and annuity contracts. 
Those, offices had no. authority 
to conclude bindn% fife policies; 
for that, authority had io be 
obtained from London. ~ 

The issue was whether for-the 
-purposes of section 316(3) a 
proposal was Tirade" when the 
client banded it to - the. focal 
agent who was a person au- 
thorized by SLAC to receive it. 

SLAC submitted that -it was. 
But SLACs branch or agency m 
the United Kingdom was foe 
British' division which alone 
conkl accept proposals and isme 
policies. .. ' 

* A proposal made in one of . the 
five ter rit ories was ' made 
“through" tire British -division. 
It was oLAC.itseir winch issued 
polidet .';.:: “ ~~ "T " T : 

The judge's conclusion on 
that point - was. correct and 
SLACs sufamisaobS- were re- 

'Mr Joridce .- Vinelott .-had 
reached the corrccL txrnclusion 
on alt three matters and the 
appal would be dismissed. 

. SoGatorsr lnreshfieids; Sdro- 
itor aflnforid Revenue. 

- va- 

AUSSIE. kZ. South Africa. 
L5 a. Hong Kona Best Fares: 
Ol 495 7775 ABTA 

mo utti watering food, snooker 
room. hMM indoor s. pool, art 
in ndmMi# lawns and garden*. 
7 miles Demin Coast. D B+EL 
Ann Lewis. Tel 0994 700280. 

DISCOUNTS. 1 si /Economy rick 
eK Try us tort. FLIGHT 
BOOKERS 01-587 9100. 



!s£!2 T«irm C iv?7Sl 0 Str1f r UatON PLACE A beaulKul sonny 
fares Trt: 01-437 7534 ABTA. 2nd flour IbL 2 reCCDS. 3 bCcH. 


Flights Faldor Ol -471 0047 
ATOL 1640 Access, VHa. 

2 baths, shower roan, rtkrra. 
heavenly new inscnen. ML bal- 
cony. CH CHW Lae 54 3'eara. 
£395.000 Trt: ril-936 39S&. 

5 YD .’MEL £618 Perth £645 All 
major carriers to AUS NZ Ol- 
584 7371 ABTA 

SOUTH AFRICA JoUurg frotn 
£465. 01 B84 7371 ABTA. 


oav lop prices lor centre court 

too. rtJS 1 %2S5 m B * hdr<SM ’ n HOME & GARDEN 


bfedro Top price?- Phone us ■ 


4uUL WHBBLldOH TiCKCTS iTrenMS. RvcknuMwoith 

Drt"jr d I «^ra*839 ta 62 , \5 ^ Herts CTOViewent M26. M404 

■ M» Every Mon lycar Coin 

ALL WIMBLEDON TICKETS menclng S«H. IKospecriB Fet; 

honghl Top fxev paid we cot- College ot Garden Design. 01 
led. COD 01 701 8283 840 1188 890J692 


warned BeM cavh pnres gn en . ___. 

toe win colkrl Tel 734 1533 - SHORT LETS 


bounhi or said best prices paid 
01 582 9264 or 01-587 1095 




Chenies. Rickmiiuiworth- 
Herts CTOViemenl M26.M40A 
Ml Every Mon lyrar Com- 
mencing Sent. Prospectus ref: 
College of Garden Design. Ol 
840 1188 890-3692 


wanlrd inr large package com- 
pany Ot 457 5078 
WIMBLEDON ■ lop prices for Cen- 
ter Court seals. Ring Ol 836 

plus debentures Also GLynde 
bourne Best prices Ol 225 0857 
MUMP! FPOH Kids bought 6 
sold Best pfrees paid 
QtilaUMhles Lid .01 839 1888 
WIMBLEDON all rickets wanted. 
not lor ri-wle Best prices paid. 
01-9 JO 45fc 

CD Cenire COurl or No 1 Anv 
dav Oi 4J9 0500 
Tup prices part COD or colled 
Ol 703-5989 ‘ 0836 590922 
ED Best imees pai d c enter 
court or rourt I OI 737 2S32 
WIMBLEDON bevl seals bought 
Trl 0M3 043178 or 0836 
22 1975 

WHHBLEOON 2 Centre cow 
Uriels Hid anv day after June 
29 Ol 4918497 

ml tsi floor flat overtook! to 
access communal garden. 1 
rerepuon. I double I single 
bedroom study, kitchen diner, 
luxury balhraom. all machines, 
rlose bus lube. 3-6 months 
£200 00 per week. Tel OI 229 
8918 or 221 6229 


central London from £525 pw 
Rina Town Hse Apfs 373 3433 
Kensington Col TV 24tir swod. 
I lx Callinrtiam Apis 3736306 
ST JAMES SWi. Luxury 2 bed 
lullv I urn (shed servic'd apt nr 
park Ol 57a 6306 fTk 

Mpm W Jim £88 

Wpra 20^1222728 Jn £83 

CBflu 22212729.30 Jv 
toe 18.1724 Jm 
CRN 22232SL30 AM 
Rkodn 1825/6 W 
Ite . 18212528 June 

Mw 1E2Z2329 Ju« 
MUh 16212129 Joaa 
Mama M2B27 June 
tomora 45.12/7 

HUn mn Sim Randewr am 

ouw rtpwfc toq b worn »< aA 
S«Ol HtecMN Ol adterapL Willi 

Nin«irlmtB/8mm jiEHWSObto 
H> mK nc mxrrrN mdn. md/ 
rep service etc Demls/luiaii 

Rai/fliR cm) Boetom 

oar DHffiT mow 


TttlMdn ffl 2S1 5456 
Tut HtaKtakr 861 B34 5033 
TotSMtMd 1742 331W 
ATOL 2834 


2 FEMALES require a further 2 
prof iprls lo share 2nd bed In 
WB Cl. ’I pan phis bills. 
Trt oi 937 4«5S after 6pm 


N4 ante lo lube me Vic and BH 
lo Cily Lge rm tn oiuei dean 
Hal N 5 35+ £180 PCM excl 
809 1910 after born 


CRUISE Tntof 12 berth crewed 
molar yacht 2 whs June 
17 July 1st £366 pp Inc fits. 
Whole boal available other 
weeks from £1009. Free 
to sports, h. b. 01 506 1005. 
AUK 2091 

HAMP STEAD- Townhotne. 5 
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TOO 01 -235 8070. 

NWJO. 3 bedroom send (touched 
house, furntthed. r h. 2 mtns 
walk to Dorics HM station. £165 
pw. Trt Mrs Reyes 0! 588 
1900- 253 1407 office noun. 

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£lOO £900. 



A last minute 
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ground floor nu. gas CH. park- 
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£47.960 Trt; 0226 836343. - 

Hirer Doing Nothing' 
tonlmg ihc Chopin List! 
Be sure lo inrlude Mukwn's 
Om PrKr-. ran’l be missed 
10‘Jr or Hue hom ontv £16 pm) 


We are always able to offer 
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Customs and Excise Commis- 
sioners v Dearwood Ltd 
Before Mr Justice McCowan - 
[Judgment given June 12} 

Where a transfer ofa business 
including ail its business assets 
was made by an insolvent 
company io another company 
.the ultimate intentions of the 
transferee as to foe type of goods 
or services that it vrould supply 
was irrelevant for value-added 
lax purposes,, as was foe 
transferor's insolvency. 

Hie vital consideration was 
whether the transferee had been 
pul in possession Of a going 
concern at foe time of foe 

Mr Justice McGowan so held 
in foe Queen's Bench Division 
allowing an appeal by the 
Commissioners of Customs and 
Excise against a decision by - a 
London VAT tribunal which 
had allowed an appeal by the 
respondent 1 company, 
Dearwood Ltd, against an 
assessment of £L,l 2 S by tire 

VAT was charged on the 
invoice relating lb the transfer of 
stock, fixtures, fittings, lease, 
goodwill and depotits; and 
Dearwood sought to claim that 
sum as inpuL 

lire commissioners said that 
under article 12(1) of tbe Value- 

Added Tax (Special Provisions) Hems oat of /stock, -lo 
Older (SI 1981 No 1741),. tbe creditors. That -enrptoyee 
transaction was deemed to be later become an employe 
the sale or transfer ofa business Dearwood and no outside 
as a going ooncera and was torner would have obsei? 
therefore not a taxable supply .change in its operations, 
for VAT purposes. Dearwood An officer from foie F 
was therefore not entitled to VAT' office had visit 
daim the VAT of £1,125 as premises three times ai 
input tax for tbe relevant period, found Dearwood to be of 
Mr John Laws for ' foe seUin * { 

commissioners; Dearwood did turniture. • 

tomer would have observed any 

eralion-as was the company's 
intention to -sell krtcbeo and 
bedroom Trttiogs- and. equip- 

His Lordship bad no doubt on 
the feds as foe. tribunal had 
found them that foe transaction 
had constituted foe sqptfty of a 
going copceiTV* - ’ *" . 

- Mr. Laws had advanced- one 

said that in considering. whether 
foe transfer, of the bittiness by 
Fame Reproductions Ltd to 
Dearwood Ltd had -been in 

An officer. man foie Finchley found them that foe transaction 
VAT' office had visited rhf -had constituted the supply of a 
premises three times and bad goingconcaiti . ... 

found Dearwood to be operating ' Mr. Laws had advanced- one 
a retail shop seUing antique' furtherargnmentthatiosupitiy* 
fifrnitinr. ' tng kitcfien and bedroom fit- 

Dearwood's evidence before . ti^s AndjiWpn»nf Dearwood 
tiie tribunal had been that it bad was, -in .raor oanymg orr the 
merely ; wished. to take over foe . same land of business as F^me 
lease of ftme trad bad had no had: He;rmght wdUjeri^it but 
intention 'of carrying, on . tefoil it was -not necess a ry bn. this 
trading in -antique, fomiture. occasion for (hat 'point to be 
Having acquired- the stodt and dedded-' V 
assets of Fame together with the It was qmte plain that al- 

tf. -■ 
:ri xr- r 

circumstances where its assets right to use' Ihe^nanwj it trad . though it: mi^it- have been 

were to be used by Dearwood in 
carrying out the same type of 
business, foe first matter of 
importance to look at was the 
invoice from Fame Reproduc- 
tions to Dearwood. 

Tbe stock was slated to be 
£7,000; £! ,300was to be paid for 
the lease and goodwill of foe 
. business and £4.000 ' for the 

carried on foe residual activities 
of foe transferor company, bid 
had not intended to continue 
trading as. Famebad done . . 

His tofdsnip referred to the 
judgment of Lord Widgery, 
Lord Chkf Justice in Kenmir 

Dearivbod's ultimate' intention 
to seiT other goods, it had been 
Us intention attest fora timeio 
[cany, on tire same land of 
business.and indeed that busi- 
ness was carried on for a time. 

:Hrs Lordship consequently 


Ltd r Frizzed and Others ([ 1 968] . : came without -my hoatatido lo 

I WLR 329. 335): 

“In deciding whether a trpns- 

privilege of supplying customers action amounted to -the transfer 
with goods that Fame had ofa Business regard must be had 

undertaken to supply. 
When the transfer I 

to its substance rather than its 
When the transfer had taken form, and consideration .must 
place foe .premises' had re- be given to the whole of the 
raained open during- working drTnim5ta.nces, wei^hjnglbe fec- 

the conclusion' that the tribunal 
had erred, in law and that foe 
appeal should be allowedi.Sotic- 
hors: Solicitor. Customs and 

hours and the same erh 
before had continued 

to sell 

couple take guevo in Dirtr 
toumul 2 nar nolrt Superb 
French ciuslite. Mew swimming 
pool colour tonxburo Trt: OIO 
33 63 91 61 31 


Challenging validity of 
breath machine test 

SOTOGRANDE. Qurmlng OaL 4 
bed. 3 bulb, terrace, ring proOI 
363 9659. 

Newton v Woods 



SW7 ntmii vrtr-conuined berbil. 
oun Phone, clow Gloucester 
Rd lobe C260 pan. Trt: Ol 
373 1915 

01 4869356 

ATOL 132-5 

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j/r’.ry. ."743 Cadooam Street 
?*- London SW3 2PR 

Wit Young Girl lo share lux 
modern mews O R. wash dry 
math. TV. root terrace. £S6 
Pto mrl 221 7307 after 6.30 




Wonders Cortogiaa Tiles, fla- 
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+ VAT Wool mm Barter carpels 
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Tel: 01-794 0139 

Irre epnaies4rtm knwg 

f A WLS COURT Pro! ferrate share 
dbte room C57.50 pw Mod 
large fla kri lube Ot 373 747S 



Together we can beat it. 

VCe fund over orwihird of 
all rnoarrh into ihe preven- 
uc*n and cure of cancer in 
ihe UK 

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iion or make a legacy lu 

Cancer 1 
-Research ! 

2 Carkrin Hi-uv Trf rare. 
lD*-plTT16l8t I ■ ind'Ki SW1Y SAB 

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Reply IO BOX A49 
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common Room available prof 
M N S 2S* Eieoocm tod 
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CLAPHAM Pro( M F. N S. Own 
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PUTNEY 4ih prof m r lo share 
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lurn hse; owti fee room pkn 
own Mild kllchen. £190 nrm 
inr Tel Ol 674 2514 
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(589 0132 - 24 b 
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HAM8LE Reoutred oufftandlng 
late low mileage 92oa and 944s. 
Fo r be st price phone 0703 
4537S7 CoHccuon nauonwnte- 


Where a defendant ' was 
charged with an offence of 
driving with excess alcohol con- 
trary to section 6 (lXa) of the 
Road Traffic Act -1972,- .as 
Substituted by section 25(3) ofi 
and Schedule 8 to the Transport 
Act 1981, and had adduced 
expert evidence, in respect of 
foe -Lion Inroxuneter '3000 

'of foe- printout- . from ;the 
Imoximeter 3000- 

Tlie Queen's Bench' Di- 
’ visional Court 1 - (Lord Justice 
Woolf and Mr ' Justice' Mac- 
pherson) So Tield- oil June 13 
when it ' dismissed ■ - the 
defendant's appeal against' his 
conviction by Sleaford Justices 
.on March' 19, 1 985,' do- A charge 
under section 6 , as substiimed. 


ions -which 1 point " in one cfirec- 
tionagrunst those which, point in 

. “In -the end- the .vital' consd- 
eration is whether the eflfect of 
the' transaction, was to pur the 
transferee -in. possession of ' a 
going concern ‘ the' activities of 
which- be could carry" out wiih- 

‘Includes’ can 
; cxclndir^ v 

tpvertom’. ‘ ▼ OvrydCwrarty 

Cponcfr. - *• 

. Tbc'words “which include 
that one ’ 4 irrsart km l( 6 Xc)dftbe 

ounqtefTupuatt, • -v ; . . -Equals Ray-Aa 1970. is amended 

The question . was one .of a «r,.r «4 

whether foe business cotri*. be . 

CVCVI 'll QC OKI not Choose* lo AvHrtrlifia Ikor AnA 11 fhne 

WJvS? comparators ; could . be drawn 

f . ^ HV. ^ 

indicate an iiftentidtr to con- 

-ifnuetrading. :• V. . . 

The tribunal had misquoted 


In reaching its finding the menf.on June -H dismissing an 
tribunal might have- been misled appeal by Mrs Marion Le vert on 
into taking aorount .of the feci aga(nst foe decision ofaShrews- 



Civsrirv: Brltitoi Medicrt Assort* 
lum CJuntto* Truai Fund and 

sip* J. soa. snritom. pool £70- 
£150 pw Tel 10990' 21480 

MENORCA. Villas, asartnenk. 
uvenvn. air date* avail June 
specuK. tugn season from 
EI2S Celtic HoliOaVS. Ol 309 
70713 A 062 2 677071 or 0622 
677076 124 frrsl Alof 1772. 

Tbe CKarttv Cornnusaioncrs nave 
mane a Scheme for Hus cfwrily. 
CookHcanbeoMauied Itamiiwm 
■n Si Alban's House. 67 60 
Hasrrarkel, London SWI 4QX 
•ref 219102 A1-L5I. 

which measured ihe breath al- . said that the expert evidence, 
co hot content, before the jus- which' was direct evidence in 
lices which they had concluded - that it related to the question 
indicated ihe possibility at most whether -the machine , was 

-considering •: the. .decision of 
Kenmir v friczetl. and bad 

ttoin uout me. .applicant s 
estabhshment and : jrom ' any 
other establish mehr wfth&utany 
necessity for.foat lo herso^- ! • 

• The Emptoymcm AppeatTri- 


of a malfunction, the justices 
were entitled to have regard to 
section 10 ( 2 ).. substituted, 
and conclude that foe evidence 
they heard was not sufficient to 
attack the validity and accuracy 

which was direct evidence m •'S .LS'LS- ^ 
that it related to the question > ouI * r ' * r 

whether the machine was poukT. — . 

functioning properly, did not - In reaching its finding the 
seek lb challenge tiie accuracy of Uibunal might have been misled 

foe .printout readings; accord- 
ingly. the justices' were entitled 
to rely, upon ihe validity of foe 



that Fame's business' was 'insol- 
vent. : ' ’ ; ' -. . 

That was an irretevahi consid- 


bury industrial^ tribunal dismiss- 
ing her application trader foe 
Equal Pay Att. . • 



The Cotm»ntes Art 1986 


Nairobi. JoUurg. Cairo. Dnbai. 
Istanbul Singapore, K.L Ddlu. 
Bangkok. Hong iiong. Ssdnev-. 
Europe. & The Americas. 
rtamlago Travel. 

76 Staaftnten Avenue 
London 1TIV 7DG. 

01-439 0102 
Open Suardai 1040-1330 

CORFU, beaunta! vHUs. AKv. 
Hotels. Wr sun has e avallaMMy 
SumUr 22.29 June A every 
Sunday in July at Snertai Prxe« 
14 2 whs ex GMwIrk. Pan 
World Holidays Ol 734 2S62 
GREECE. L nwilt HUmH. cheap 
Rights., Ilia lenlalseic ZeuaHol 
idays C1-4M 1647 AM Ailn 
RHODES 21 25 28 June Save 
CIOO Lin apt ItoH only £129 
9r.ima 0705 862814 

pursuant to Section 588 of nie 
Companies Art. 1988 UUI a Meet- 
ing ol Wie Crrditofs of Uie now- 
named Co mpan y wtU be beld M 
The Barbican City Hotel. Central 
Suwt London. ECl en Tuesday 
en the 17tti day of June. 1986 al 
10.00 o' clod* in Uir tore noon, 
lor tor purposes -menuonnl id 
S ectram 509 and 690 of the UM 

Dated IMS 4Ui day of June 

' Paul Wilson 

University news 



BACK Special Summer nller al 
Hole! Caoouarrmna CSup-ln 
Cl I Spectacular views of Ml. 
Etna, pm Kane PrKr £S»g plus 
tree return nigtu. fully mtl. 7 
nights nail hoard private bath- 
room. seal lev, hukorry. 

Galu-KI- day Atom,. Iramtors A 
airport ton Dganuin I A 8 
July Colour brochure, book 
ings or enqmrK-v. 

Help ns to help yon in 
publishing your 
Classified Advertisement 
Ring before 10 a*m. or 
after 5 pan. weekdays. 
Saturdays 9 &JH.-1 pjn. 


Ring 01-481 4000 

and avoid the rush hours. 

Crosrcnor Kuosp. Park. Lane. London IVi II 21 (une 19K 
' ! »P« luifc II ;i tlain »-r.m OllvrrH^s llafti .pi. 


Winter Sunshine on the Red 
^na oi Edit Irani CJoa Han 
Board L I dare imo centre hoh- 
dai Bni ot Two Worlds 
Jerusalem A Eilal from E460 
KUII Board Dept 2S CK1 51 
Men -87 “SPECIAL DB- 
OOUVT 11 MOM brture IS 
Sept Phone write lo Maroa lor 
Bfbrtlnre Onenfoura (London) 
LM DetJl TTE- Londbo. toll* 
HLS. .Trt. 01-434 1661 AN* 
Alai 781 






Professors . appointed from 
October 1 1986: Dr M Burrows, 
Jesus College, appointed [profes- 
sor of neuroscience; Dr CR 
CaHadirte. Peterhouse, professor 
of structural mechanics; DrG D 
S Henderson. Downing College, 
professor of medieval aru Dr A 
Howie. Churchill College, 
professor of physics ' 

Readers appointed, from 
October I: Dr O J Braddtck. 
Trinity College, reader in vision; 
Dr A P Dowling. Sidney Sussex 
College, reader in accoustics: Dr 
I Fleming. Pembroke CoUe«. 
reader in organic chemistry; Dr 
J M Hatcher. Corpus Christ! 
College, reader in economic and 
social history; Dr D Husain. 
Pembroke College, reader in 
physical chemistry; Dr N 
Jardine. Darwin College, reader 
in history and philosophy of 
science: Dr F P Kelly. Christ's 
College, reader in mathematics 
of systems: Dr DMG Newbery. 
Churchill College, reader in 
economics; Dr G Sled mao 
Jones. King's College, reader in 
foe history or social thought; Dr 
R F Wiliis, Clare College, reader - 
in physics: Dr N E Wiseman. 
Wolfsan College, reader in com- 
puter graphics. - 
University lecturers: Chemi- 
cal engineering: R B Thorpe. 

MA. PhD. (Queens* College), to D S JHyatt, BA. of 
appointed from July 1 for three College and D M Lari 
years: organic and inorganic Convule -and Chius 
chemistry: R Snartii. BSc, PhD, Evans Fellowship ) 98t 
(Durham University), from Watersoa. PhD, N< 
October 1 for three years; phys- Ridgeway-Venri 
ics: R . C Ball. MA. PhD, Studentships 198& J- 1 
(Gonville and Onus College). Churchill College - ai 
from October 1 for three years; Rutledge. King’s Colie 
applied mathematics and theo- The Adam Smith Priz 
retical physics: R R Horgan. of H Wright. Clare Coll 
Sidney. Sussex College, BSc, Yorke Prize 1986: S R 
(Reading University). DPhfi, PhD. of Gonville ar 
(Oxford University), appointed College, 
from October I; divinity: C C COLLEGE ■ELECTlOl 
Rowland. MA PhD. (Jesus Cot- „ Christ's College: pi 
lege), appointed from October I into a fellowship in cia 
. for Three years; economics and October 1:5 BBayly, ) 
politics: J.G Palma. PhD. Clare . CoUe»=: D 
(Fitzwilliam College). BSc, Northam. formerly fe 
(Catholic -University of Chile), senior tutor., has' beet 

College and D M 
Gonville - and C 

Gonville -and Carus- College; 
Evani Fellowship 1986-87: H R 
Watersoa. PhD, New Hall; 
Ridgeway-Venri Travel 
Studentships 198& J- p Barton. 

Siuderuships 1986: J- p Barton, 
ChurchiU College .and G N 
Rutledge. King’s College. 

The Adam Smith Prize . 1985: S 
H . WrighL Clare College; The 

PhD. of Gonville and Gaius 


, Christ's College: pre-elected 
into a fellowship in class 2 from 
October 1:5 BBayly, MA^PbD. 

Clare . College: Dr J R 
Northam. formerly fellow and 
senior tutor., has .been elected 

engineering and elected -to an 
official fellowship from .October 
t:‘F P Payne, BA. PhD. 

Magdalene College: elected 
»nto an official fellowship and 
appointed college lectjurer in 
medical sciences from May 1:-F 
D Shaw. MA. D PhU,.(Ojfford 
University). MB. BS. (London 
University}; elected' impr an 
honorary fellowship- ana ap- 
pointed college lecturer m 
classics from October 1: J R 
Patterson, BA. D Riil. (Oxford 
Uni versin'): resumption of 
honorary i^lowship from .Octo- 
ber lr The- Very .Rev Henry 
‘ Chadwick. DD,. MusB. EBA_\ - 

for three years from October 1; -mto a fellowship in class E. The 
English: J . F Kerrigan, of St Rev Dr N Sagovsky, St 
John's Cotfege. MA. (Oxford Edmund's College. Vjce-Prm- 
Univcrriry).' from October 1 for cipal of Edinburgh Theological 
three years: law: K D Ewing. College, has been elected to be 

St Catharine’s Colleger elected 
info afettow commonerehtp: 0 
T CavaHerb. PhD, a member pf 

PhD, {Trinity Hall). L. LB, 
(Edinburgh University), from 

October I for three years. 

Awards: Joseph ' Hodges 
Choate Memorial Fellowship. at 

Edmunds College. Vice-Prin- 
cipal of Edinburgh Theological 
College, has been elected to be 
Demand feHpw in class B from 
October 1. 

King> College: eiecred to' an 
unofficial, fellowship for- two 
years • from October ( while 

lectureship from 'October- F:-E 
Fcrrap, BA. a member of foe 

Harvard University: The Vice- participating in foe project on 

Chancellor has -nominated, and dynamical systems in the 
the Harvard Committee on college's Research Centre B D 
General Scholarships and the Mistel. MSc. PhD: appohned 
Sheldon Fund has appointed, college. . lecturer ’ in applied 
MissC A McHugh. New Hall mathenraties-and eleaed -to an 
fortheacBdemical year 1986-87. .official feUowshrp-£rOm October 
Tbe Henry Roy. Deair Prize •I:.- A C' Davis, ..' BSc, PhD- 
1986 has -been awarded portly ■- appointed coUege lecturcr in 

Sehyjpi .College: elected- to 
felfowshipsr Pmf. L, Kntopoffi 
University of Califorohu; Los 
Angeles: for 1 one year and’ ~C 
Lewis, school of low. University 
“ofEaaAitBfiitr - . 


. SKineySassex Colk^eelccted 

into a colk^e tectineSWprand a 
felfowslilp.. in; .-class _ A -froni 

McHugh. New Hall mathemalicsand elected "te an ■ Or^i- P r,T«^ 
lernicalyear 19S6-S7. official fellbwshrp-frdm October 

oftitecoll^e. ".•"•'“t’v* 




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weete due to fosiorscscon^ . ™ Cole hunov decided 

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- weeks due to h» fiorees-cbn- . ™ Cow has now decided 
. tatting a .mystery .virus, now “?* Fwa nee< k nirt&er than a 
te lhem iff top form; and .mite and loofcsjto have found 

Esdale is nap^d to. continue ®?S? b ! e ? p ?^S :,r S cc 5! t 
. tfi^jevjval for theitabfe in die ,n t0l **¥ ,? /“* Barday Handi- 
^ourue.Bad Stakes at Wind- ^5 81 w !? dsor ran over ten ^ • 
sor tonight . ■„ : - ... ■ mnongs. Fooz has been run- w 

. . Esdale has • run, two eood ni, « ^in Ok better compa- 
. races, Oj^Tus '' debut. 1 in^the ^ °P.^' ffound, which did 
'Mofon^ton Stakes at Ascot -imtft^hfa^conditjons today 
he unbeaten one-and^fialf ^ 

lengths by theusefiilrZabdaiii, - - Pat Eddety, who teamed up -v# 
’wftfr Sirk eight le^thsback in successfufly with" Bold Realm ■*-’ ■ 
thir d placet but- Sirk haS-more & r Con Morgan test Monday 
'than shown tfat this -an at Goodwood, can again make 

third place; but Sirk ha^-more 
Ithan shown that ihisr w&-an 
above-ayerag© race, and has 
twice' finished ihiitt to'ihis 
gear’s .. Derby C winner 
ShabrastanL Esdale - then 
made a - promising seasonal 
nabpea ranee - at - Kempton 
•Park where he; went- down by 
thrte-ooarters of a lengtb to 
Tfrsnas .who ran^o well in the 

k .. . ‘p 

■ ' • Wii«. jj 

v ^u. 
1 : • *-l!« .ml 

TheiOiaied AbdaUa^owned 
colt vwas expected to . win hts 
next race -at Newmarket,-, but 
^tfiSappoihted when finishing 
■seventh. Thjs ruif -cah proba- 
bly Joe forgotten 'as the stable 
was thefi undera cloud due to 
tBe .vkus.’nie main danger to 
.the : colt - looks Iike]y : to -be 
NHabar^.but 'with the ground 
drying -up .ail the: time; 4be 
underfoot conditions do not 

l to firm 

at Goodwood, can again make 
* it a wibniivg partnership in the 
Holyport Handicap at Wind- 
sor. Eddery can complete yet 
another treble on Tobago 
Dancer for Richard Hannon 
in-' the- Raffles Night dub 
Handicap. ■ 

Blockade can complete a 
double for Paul Cole by taking 
the. Bilbo rough Handicap at 
Nottingham this afternoon. 
Despite his top weight, the 
Mill Reef colt has the-dass to 
win this moderate , contest 

Lacovia peerless 
after victory in 
Prix de Diane 

Lacovia consolidated her claim 
to being France’s best three- 
year-old fiOy with a sparkling 
display in the Prix de Diane 
Hermes, the French Oaks, at 
Chantilly yesterday. She bad 
already beaten several of her 
rivals in the Prix Saint-Alary 
and her two-length victory over 
Secret Form and the fast-finish- 
ing Galunpe leaves no doubt as 
uner superiority over her peers. 

In yesterday's race, Lacovia's 
pacemaker, Barinia. gave way to 
Trolley Song half-way down the 
-back straight, where the pair 
were tracked by Welcome Val- 
entine and Lacovia, with Carna- 
tion and Reloy dose up, British 
hope. Ivor's Image, ridden by 
Walter Swinbum. was towards 
the rear but she was going well 
and was only some six lengths 

place dose home. Galunpe 
would have got second in a few 
more strides and will clearly 
appreciate being moved up to a 
mile and a half in future. 

Lacovia's trainer. Francois 
Boutin, said. “She is com- 
parable with (be champion fil- 
lies 1 have trained in the past, 
such as La Lagune, River Lady 
and Northern Trick I shall now 
give her a rest until mid-August 
before preparing her for the Prix 
VermeiHe and the Prix de I’Arc 
de Triomphe." He also paid 
tribute to owner Gerry Oldham, 
describing him as “one of the 
most faithful owners I have ever 
met in racing”. 

Freddie Head, who won the 
Diane in 1971 on Pistol Packer, 
1978 on Reine de Saba and in 
19S2 on Harbour, said: “I was 

off the pace as the runners always going well and Lacovia 

entered the far turn. 

Trolley Song fell back at the 

led when she was asked. She is 
very calm and is the easiest filly 

beginning of the final straight to ride that 1 have partnered in 
and with just over two furlongs therace.” 

Tigb* finish; Mawsnff (left) takes the Baker Lorenz Maiden Stakes from Star Cotter at Sandora on Saturday. 

iSftSS Shahrastani to go 

But, Pipe has secured the 
services of Steve Cauthen for 
the gelding in the Gunihorpe 
Handicap at Nottingham, and 
he now looks ready to open his 
account. Cauthen can com- 
plete a double on the unraced 
Orban in the Long Eaton 
Stakes. The Henry Cedl- 
trained coll comes from a 
good family, and can recoup 

left to run. Lacovia and Freddie 
Head swept past Welcome Val- 
entine. Only Secret Form was 
able to respond immediately as 

Peter Goalandris, the owner 
of Secret Form, must have 
viewed the finish with mixed 
feelings. He was one of the 

Marlin Pipe, was the leading ^meofhispnrcbasepnceofa 

Urrinir . Yinmpriratfv mm- "•»>»» *lJVl,UUU. 

iramer numerically over the 
sticks, and one df the many 
: horses that helped achieve 
that posistion was Careen, a 
winner twice overbmldes-Bui 
as yet this well-bred gelding 
hastened to score on. the leveL 

Peter Calver, the Ripon 
trainer, has already saddled 
six winners this year, com- 
pared to his total of two last 
season, and another can be 

expected today at Edinburgh 
with Foremast in the Tranent 
Stakes. Foremast has shown a 
dislike to starting stalls. On bis 
reappearance at Hamilton, the 
stalls were not in use due to 
the soft ground, but if he 
behaves himself be cannot be 
opposed. John Dorey, can 
make the journey from New- 
market worthwhile for the 
combination of trainer Mark 
Prescott and jockey George 
Duffield in the Cocckenzie 
Stakes at Edinburgh. Prescott 
has been very patient with the 
gelding, who now looks ready 
to open his account 

Gary Moore sent her in pursuit breeders of Lacovia but along 
but Walter Swinbum found a with his partners, sold her for 

in Irish Sweeps 

21 000404 ARCH PRINCESS IB) (R Hood) R Sftosther 3*7-7 TUBnl 

22 00-3000 VANTAST1C (G Johnson) B Stevens 3-7-7 ; O Carter (3) 5 

_ „S4 Btocfcada, 4-1 Moult SchtetaBon, 5-1 Aich Piinom. 8-t GreWy, t2-t Bsydon 
Quran. Miaic Mnstrol. 16M ottwis. 

Mm R 12£ 

. Draw: 9H6f likdi numbers best 

; 23£BFPLUfBTREE MAIDEN STAKES (2-y-o: £1 ,689: 5f) (10 runners) 

Arnett mart it uvrfauvA p 



«<» jS«S£S!& 

BOCXY HOlWOftrtC BatfieOR 0O6E W)‘— 

a tJGHTNWG LASER (N'ltendsI) P A Keiewy 8-11 

004 flfi»BACX(BH(S|^amUd)RlSiote8?r 

, |* YV. n 23 004 BACK (B^{Sp«^a^Ud)RNItfio«S 8-11 

lilt iOr V A 1 M 

■— SCaaSmiS 
J Raid 2 
- KWglaai 



LAoar. 8-1 Ring 

By Michael Seely 

Shahrastani has been con- Hem. th 
finned by Michael Stoute as a think ift 
definite runner in the Irish well inti 
Sweeps Derby on Saturday, Ladbn 
June 28. “I talked to the Aga blant tin 
Khan this morning," said the the ahva 
Newmarket trainer yesterday. Royal Hi 
"Shahrastani has taken his Ep- In 1985 
som race well and we have races inc 
decided to go to the Curragh.” and the 

Stoute will be bidding for his Smyth 
third triumph in Ireland’s pro- Abdulla': 
mirr classic in the past six years reasonab 
— Lester Pigeon having ridden 
Shetgar to victory in 1981, and . 

Walter Swinburn having 
partnered Shareef Dancer to 
that exhilarating win over 
Caerieon and Trenoso in 1983. P 0 ”. 1 "* 1 
Shahrastani, however, will not ' 

be renewing bis Epsom rivalry .. ty , 
with Dancing Brave, as Guy “J. becon 

gap between Carnation and 
Barger to go third more than a 
furlong ouL 

There was no danger to 
Lacovia as the leading tno went 
clear of the rest of the field, but 

Hem. their trainer, “and I also 
think that Meteoric should run 
well in the Jersey Stakes-" 
Ladbrokes have made Trem- 
blant their favourite at 8-1 for 

5225,000 at the Keen eland year- 
ling sales in July 1984. 

Chantilly result 

Going: linn 

Prts da Diane Kennes (Group l: 3-Y-0: 
Odes; £115.455: 1m) 1. LACOVIA (F 

Galunpe produced a tremen- H«d). 2. Secret FomuG w Moorey. 

dous turn of foot on the outside 
to deprive Nor’s Image of third 

• Yves Saint-Martin hopes to 

Galunpe (A Gtoert): 4. Ivor's Image (W R 
Swinbum). ALSO RAN: Restorer fstti). 

UlaUiL UlUi MIVVIIWIC iU O^i IUI ■ 1‘ ^ P ■ . r - ’ 

the always fiercely-competiu've a f te T 

Royal Hunt Cup on Wednesday. ”2 unng a aUar bone lasl 

Royal Hunt Cup on Wednesday. 
In 1985 Tremblant won four 
races including the Victoria Cup 
and the Cambridgeshire. Ron 
Smyth considers Kbalid 
Abdulla's five-year-old to be 
reasonably treated with 9.2. 

<l2tliL Bannia (13ttiLTroUay Song (1 4th L 
14 ran. 21. nfc. %\. 41. X-). arm o7sec. F 
Boutin. PARI-MUTUEL (to one franc 
stake) 1.40 (coopted with Bsrna): 1.20, 
ISO. &20: DF; 450. 

Sarab win impressive 

The same firm have made 
Hadeer their second choice in 
the market at 10-1, followed by 
Siyah Kalem, Indian Hal and 
Bold Indian, who are bracketed 
together at 12-1. The penalized 
Siyah Kalem will be attempting 
to become the fourth consec- 
utive winner of San down’s 



mte : 


3*( 'V' 



Ann «■ 

4 y : «■; 

+.* -t'-. 

*H“V r’ 4 * 

? sn; 

v: •.TV 


>. > 

.V- -:rr 


> i ^.1 . . 

Nottiflgbam selections ~ 

- - By Mandarin 

2.0 Sarihah. 230 Barley Twist. 3 XI Keats. 3 30 Blockade. 4.0 
Careen. 4JO-Orban. 5.0 John Gilpin. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0Sarihah. 3.0 Out Of Hand. 330 Anti Princess. 4.0 Minns Man. 
430 Orban. T* - 

Michael Seely's selection: 5.0 MRS NAUGHTY fnapX 

irtCTWdKgrlU.. .^ 

MWhrtPFCwrani — .V -SMonSa 

VGUrtBriCMwS-lt J.J tfWaos3 


iRJHOdqesfra N Pay 5 

4 J) GUNTHORPE HANDICAP (£1 ,625; 1m 2f) (19) 

6 0030-22 CAREEN (J MSddtowMlQ M C Ppe 54-7 S C-0IM 4 

7 000402 HeONhQARDjQSaMiergl^AHorw 4H ItetSEiU^e 

8 D02W/2- fUO D6VA «M3) (DcXr* Ltd) J L Hmls 8-^6. - II Bach 16 

S 040100 MONtXARETinraY (D) (Uonctera Products laftPJBown 


13 4000-04 F0RGIVBIG ffln (lira 14 Stavona) B Sown 4-8-t R Carter (S) 7 

-14 000082 PEARL PETffl(hwi)PJlMEto 480 

IS 00018 rrSGOOOEtemjPMcPartBncftE Carter 480 — 9 


Harwood’s fast-finishing Derby ° r Mnflown S 

runner-up is reverting to 10 Whitsun Oip to have gone on to 
furlongs in Sandown's Edipse v,cu>r y in Axot 5 nch hantoap. 

17 008400 FOREVER TWGD ISl Cteurfe RadngSteMesLtcOLUghflirown Lady in the Oaks. “It must be on 

4^-11 GCanwp) ii the cards that Untold will go for 

23 UMUS Ltd) WHoidan8fi-C_ R lioraa (5) 10 * e . Iri * 

24 000040 pR«nos£ WAY (M BUnsiiard) m Banahart 4^-4 n Adam 2 connnued, “but a final decision 

25 o-ooooo. wss M0RLEY(O)<wspringeMJGRaHten0i 884 — s about all three will be taken later 

26 0004Z4 CELTIC IMAGE (ASperira) A JnB 4-83 CMUr(5)14 thia^ iT k" 

21 - 0084 HARD AS fftON pi MUcms) P Hasten 3-8-3 TWHMaS mA 

31 000 AUMrgmr^wHaroai.iRannvnaajui -• — -»? Stoute, Henry Cecil and 

32 Mora WA»«soiCTt«VBiS (Mrs vwanfl w Eddey 87-13 L»mto(7)i Harwood have all had outstand- 

34 200001- mAMK»«(m(SiaiudBRacaigSabiasu4LLifl»yjrawi ing records at Royal Ascot in 

35 0(00840 huyton’S.hope (K uatncM t Tutor 87-12 ! -is recent years, but none of pie trio 

Sf_. .0000 -5UPR9E COMMAND ^Sope) MR Leach 8-7-7 RStraef 15 Ore bnmming over with COn- 

. S Cauthen 4 Stake the following weekend. 
■"Mgas No firm plans have yet been 
~ 16 made for Untold. Maysoon and 

ijwvmrr Colorspin. the fillies that Stoute 
R Carter p) 7 saddled to finish second, third 

and fourth - behind Midway 

1 Lady in the Oaks. “It must be on 

■&nar{8 ti the cards that Untold will go for 

I04Z4 CELTIC MAGE (A Spence) A J Pilt 4-84 CMter(5M« this week." 

0004 HARD AS nONiMMUcmdP Hasten 883 TWHmbS 

about all three will be taiewi later 



Stoute, Henry Cecil and 
Harwood have all had outstand- 
ing records at Royal Ascot in 
recent years, but none of the trio 
are brimming over with con- 


. 22 -BARLEY TWOrg 

•ao.^OTS wi^! 

0fl0 5nw*DJiw 

prtp jt p tuf ' 10) 18 ran. LacssaMm 21 h’c 

rHotate LiiQ II SM88 Gnm S . KoujKSjJ llraoWhrttOrti 

t ff cap good May! 
sstsr 1m 2f h’cap | 
m,FaikMtona 1m 

•- '84» tei^8 4 d jy fcTO Princ*m, 82 DaapTtew.7-r paggy's'tranwte.^l 

jljNBtlCRtein.'W uhn.; -. ■ • - ' ;• - *. 

■u Wood 14 



Pfiarka 7 

Includes c 

nicun *08; 

good May 6. 

*rter-5« sefl s»k* 

Junp 7.'MGHLArgr 

- latest SB# sties soot 
(841) U ran. RadC 
baaten 11 9M 7 ra»t 

- S atertni r BARLEY 

&0FSMttMCRE HANDICAP (E2398:fif)(1^ . 

V .124030, CKHEY BAY (0)K WWrtKB1Wi»44-f1 
23a»40 KEATS URaa^JinawRagarate 44-7 __ 

8 tfraaw EECEETREttD) (Un RGamar) J SuteHfa 4-8-12 
8- 000008 OOrOFHAMH&D)(MrtAQBte)PDteo7- 

9 .4t10M -GREY CRS (D) 8*sO WretenJ) J B ' 

- 13. 32-Mftj MOM5HS»CYmtR»*^rnH»(W« 

- 15-030080 PAD DSCBT DW BELLgfttfc D B Stewna 87-13 R Carter @5 

. tfi ■ 0000/ WALT0TS MEDNESCAY Mrs L V HBb&yC J V MBar S-7-9— CMteAl 

17 440000 aHQGALV08WGOT(DEtt)PJBwin 8T-« 


.ti d 220004. fHTEXgROfaS 8 EkttcM U J BoHon 87-7 
23 008000 NAME TnESAME (Mrs B BotencO J G Raa4andS~4-7-7 

24-430840 CAPTA9TSB10 ff) (R Wteng) Uijptawto 87-7 GCvtor(3)13 

4*1 Monmaky. 5-7 Eaca»7Vae. 11-2 Oxhay Bar, 81 Keats, 182 Gray Craa. 181 
Out of Hand. 42-1 Baflran. 14-1 Sites. Shirty Ann. 281 othare 

FORK OXHEYBAY{8-«jy7pi baaten 15« to Al Tfia (811) 11 naStfstwy im heap 
pood AJha 3. KEATS (84) 13Bi to Creeper (84) 10 ran. Cti a ai ar 71 h’capgod to artt 
ffiyB. GREY CREE (MRlOttitmten ewer 91 to Atta Maybob (wniB laaMtlay 71 
l»-eapaood May 16. MONteWr{7-iaiW tteBtanStoEawCay (M)l« ran. Redear 1m 
h'capgood to wm Juns9. BALJMN (s-i) 3rd beaten >w to uaroin Boy (8-15 7 ran. Yar- 
; jnoutp imrsaOlYcaD oood tofta Jim 18 

TaUi r;.in 

Jf M. lILlTt- 

-33BBHJ0OROUQH HAHDK5AP {3^-o: £t,8S& 1m 61) (11) 

1 - 02-13 BLOCKADE ff SMnarOPCote 3-102 L_ — 9 

2 838330 JteOOUrSCwEHAUION fln p Stroud) KMBrassay 883- SUMiaartblO 

: t: ss sawswa^e^^ 

1? 004080 0 L Ha rtey 3-8 7 — IBMjl 

; - It- 8000 MUSIC IANSTREL (A SteeOTraff4 C R Ma*0n 344 48*07 

- 17 00040 lAST POLOMAgg (T Swaetman) M Btenstiard 3-8-3 N AdaapO 

• 19 0800 HEL5ANOR [Boxs 0! tele J Frew) R M VVhiB4car>34 _DMcXaaaA4 

baatan4lipP0teto^ (84)15 ran-Satefau 
beaten 71 tp Heart Of Suns (8S 14 ran. 

»d » firm-ime £ PEARL PETTO-8) 2nd 
tih'CapbobUiaiaa^TBJAY (7-12) 3rd 
aid 1 m^t b'ca^ood June 3. HARD AS 
>21 ran. Vfridaoc Ira ull H eap good to 

......U4 Pawl PM. 7-2 Fran. On Bowd. A^T Cafeen.81 Hart As-lron, 181 Cette fidenceon the eve of this year's 

, teifl*. .81 141 ftc Den, aw adwe. , extravaganza of -high-class rac- 

" FORM: CAREENi84) Bid beaten Al to Gutltand (8-3) 15 ran. {aotrtyjham im 2t h'oap ing and fashion.“Sonic Lady 


. sSS-Sa 

b>gtenffl>pi)bteM>(8A)i5ran ; saa»butyiigafTi-ap0o M Jmea:TmAY(7-i2)3rt got several other weiWancied 
Safa^oK HtEE ONBOARD *■* .• ....• Cecil -leading .trainer at the. 

,43PUMG'EATbM8TWCE8^pre;£Y l ff13:1in29-(1^- _ SJSrreadhsrteSfo iSS 

•1 - 081 ALB8Aig^g)9A)roptwdah A*4W ap ra H^*M«Mi J0M8 six runners including Bonhomie 

raurSSw ! “• Kitt®. Edward VU Stakes 

MW^m'ii and Gwydioti,- who runs in 

-RThompianBO EGaastp)i3 Friday's King's Stand Stakes. 

i7.--~r.~J "Royal Ascot is always a tough 
*8PiS»2 10 w ! n races." said Cecil, 

„ — a “fm certainly not sending my 
horses there for the good oftheir 
iir^ftSa health, but.I wouldn't call any of 
Mtafi them bankers." 

-« lumnwv hi r|(wrBn<*wBi|i:incH toll J r-mtenhan (7) 0 Bedtime in tomorrow's 

40 . 84 TYIBAL (J Iwter) G PritclartGorttoi 811 Z?Cr^i 7 pri^ Q f Wales’ Srakes and 

ntttiu) Btfrinfl 8-1 T0p * a ExpfMB * 10-1 Longboat, who runs in 

FOWifcAL SKAsaw (80) awarded raca Mtar fin 2nd baaten nfc to Attwri Hal (80) 13 Thursday sA-cot Gold Cup wi I i 

ranjtedcar ImtistteBMd to fwn May 26. CHIEF P*LM»«n11 tmm Cart Pteyad be many punters idea of two of 
m-iri! 9 ran. wan*** imSaooodto win Juno?, burnwg bright f94ujra^OTd to the best bets of the week. “Both 

horaes have pleased me a tot in 
im4f stKssoftMay7. their pneparaiion, said Pick 

SX) RADCUFFE APPREMTICE HANDICAP (E1.67G: Im 50vdl M3) Saturday S rCSllltS 

At York on Saturday a thrill- 
ing finish for the William Hill 
Handicap resulted in a dead 
heat between Governor General 
and Sew High. A full 18 minutes 
elapsed before the judge decided 
that Ray Cochrane had forced 
the 6-4 favourite up to share the 
spoils with Alan Mackay on Sew 
High in the final stride. 

The stewards were kept busy 
at York where Farajullah. an 
impressive winner at New- 
market recently was disqualified 
after finishing second to Hello 
Emani in the £10.000 Daniel 
Prenn Great Yorkshire Stakes. 
The placings of the second and 
third. Top Guest were reversed. 

. Sarab. ridden by Richard 
Quinn, was an impressive win- 
ner of the Prix du Chemin de 
Fer du Nord. at Chantilly 
yesterday. He took over from 
Petrol Blue two furlongs out and 
held Etat Major for an easy 
three- length win with test- 
finishing Apeldoom two lengths 
back in third. Willie Carson nad 
a wasted journey to France, 
when Dies Hern’s runner. 
Lucky Ring, was withdrawn 
after being found to be lame. 

Britain's other runner, the 
Jeremy Hindley-irained 
- Com me I'Etoile, could manage 
only seventh place behind Satco 
in the Prix Beneux but Waller 
Swinburn managed a third on 
Star Maite, trained by Alain de 
Royer-Dupre, in the Prix de 

Sad news from the course was 
that intended Gold Cup runner 
Balitou has fractured his near 
fore in a morning canter and will 
never race again, although he 
can be saved for stud. 

• Stay Low (Tony Ives) was a 
game winner or the six-furlong 
Premio Primr Passi at San Sira. 

Milan , yesterday. She made all 
the running to hold off the 
persistent challenge of Shuttle- 
cock by a head, with the other 
British filly, 

Regency Fille, one-and-a-half 
lengths back in third. This was 
the first ever success in a Group 
race for owner-trainer Gerry 

Oriental Soldier and 
Brazzaba. the British chal- 
lengers in the Premio d'Estate, 
had to settle for the minor places 
behind Max d'Or. Oriental Sol- 
dier, who led from two furlongs 
out till tackled by the winner at 
the distance, did not have his 
chances improved by the two 
hours of heavy rain that fell in 
the morning. 

• Pat Eddery and Grevjlle 
Starkey were out of luck at 
Cologne yesterday, where they 
finished fifth and tenth on 
Tiberius and Waugh in the 
Group 2 Zandors-llnion- 
Rennen behind Orfano (Peter 
Alafi) who earlier in the day 
rode his 2.000th winner on High 


WON^7|4th baaferi gttffa Snake Jtraer p-5) 21 ran Windsor Ira uU'ti’cap good to 
•aiacftKC FREE ON BOARD ‘ *" V 

. 43fJ LONG EATOM STAKES fry-* £f ,Stt3: Im 2*>f14) 

•1 ' 081.' ALBRAMKHtiMjgQBtenitenAMMtoiNiibK^tenBon Jaraa 

• • 810Alk*ray 12 

. 2 821 CMEFPALflV N orth) PTWMwyn 9-7 ; PM Eddery 5 

7 602-0 BUtNRmBHGKTfSkaitodslJdH) 8 Ringer 9-0 HWgbmll 

11 0 FABLB) HDNAftCN (Mrs Marfan u>oniQson)R Thorapian 84 E0BM f^13 

15 000 fWgjggL - 


19 04-000 PBinAw iwim .IP, n 1 1 , 1 ■nin iyv. , — , jr—w 

28 008400 TDPBCA EXPRESS (USAWB) (S Yu) R W Armrtono 80 — 3 

TO OEMECEMrsCBnidmBLBTOOB) AC Stewart 811 M Marts 14 

28 0 GlAZHTA F tNALJJ MartenQ K S Bridgwatar 811 PifAicy4 

31. 08 KNK3fTKUtrTBt(fKDanr1WMaada811 — ; NCariUal 

33 acTALA HAMA UTatmt) AC Stewart 811 MBanrarl 

39 08 TDARK18IA (TTY)(Urs A Wrth) E tectea 811 J CaStcttan (71 8 

Draw: Sf-SHitoh numbers best 

M5 E B F TEMPLE STAKES (2-y-o colts & 

geldings: £952: 5f) (13 runners) 

-1 041 GEHfM RRE (U P Fefaate 94. 

2 . 2 BAG 0RHYTTM J Hraey811 

3 0 BAlBUNIEREHBeastey81L 

4 CHARMH} PRINCE J Bndoer 811 

5 40M CHERRYWOOO 5AM H oE* 811. 

S 00 COURT COMMAND GGiacay 811 

7 FB57ED BOV J Winter 81 

8 0 JABE MAC J Holt 811 — 

9 <0 KAMENSKY R Smyth 811 

11 0 LAZB4 (B) c Benstrad 81 1 

: 13 SOULEADOU R Jofrisofl Haugtiton 81 1 


15 300 SMFT PURCHASER Hannon 811 FWBdaty* 

84 Bag O Rhvthm. 81 Kamensky. 81 Gemfrrt Rm81 

Sow teted o u . 81 Stint Purchase, 181 Fefsted Bpy, 12-1 Uan. 
14-1 otfMff. _ 

B Thomson 1 
T WHtaras 2 
N Adams 3 
W Canons 
B Rouse 13 
J Raid 10 

iso soft May 


beaten 9!(l toAi’Bastaama (7-1 0) 13 ran. Haydcck im 
B ^^11) 13fh baa ttet40f to Nicola Wynn (81 1)14 ran 


' 1 081000 SUBtCMWOH 
4 001028 CAROL'S HUSK 
5' MO-212 JOHNEO LPfN 

6 002800 MSTBt 

7 03080 LABfiAG 

13 003204 MJROAO 

14 00800 BLACK D 

15 W0018 STffiLPASS 

so Mskafctfl Ltd) R Vtoodhouse 4-81D — 5 

i) A P James 5-813 — 10 

4fWHargli8812 BHcO»8 

Newcombe)RjHodgsa881l ADickaa 

an ALMatawn) P T Wafuryn 3-810 A Conwy 4 

F Can - 183-5 JCter 11 

Sabin) A P Jams 384 SlawtckS 

lsher)MD Usher 884 N0»RUm£R13 

8 Sabin) A P Jams 384 

(M Usher) MD Usher 884 N 

(Mrs J Morse) WEdday 883 

(Sena Acorns Raong ud) D Haydn Jonas 

. J Kennedy 1 

16 000080 EXPLET IVE 

19 00/4802 SWEET GEL— lw — v w , M 


20 200840 IBIS NAUGHTY (A Moom) W Wharton 3-80 J Wart (4) 3 

21 000080 SHAIWTSUOYkEW Bach) RMWhtaiKs 87-12 ACuaMaat 

25 0008 SCMEY SPIRIT (Sinay Kokhngs Ltd) S Chflstian 87-7 — LFSggk)7 

7;2 Jofw Gapin, 81 Carois Music, 81 6*mr Camon. 184 Mwflto, 7-1 Labra8 18 
1 Sweet Gamma.' 14-1 Mister Prelude. 181 others. 

New plan 
=' attacked 
by Griffin 

The Managing Director of 
. Time fon njRcg Griffin, has 
criticised the Jockey Chib's 
.proposal . for . a. tiw five-day 
entry scheme, claiming it would 
be “potentially disastrous” for 
the sport. 


Madrid fails to keep up 
Kelleway’s win sequence 

Chepstow racecourse in 
Wales was the sun-drenched 

By Christopher Gould mg 

lost. the lead rounding the. home 
bend,- Fayrriands Gold quickly 

venue for the third Arab horse- -look up the running and gal- 
race mating of the season on ipped home for an effortless 
Saturday. Sarah Ksfieway, the 

■ Satarday. Sarah KeBeway, the victory oh her first run of the 

its workjng parry to dream upa _ dai^hlcr.oTlhc Newmariort ~ season. She 'was ridden very 
/scheme to - as mnen traSner 2M was hoping to add confidently by Rowee Rhys 

.infonnanon as pos»«c nwn to her unbeaten sequence of tw> Jones, who is a secetnary to the 
the public and canse general victories on her chestnut gekitfig National Hunt Iramer John 
.confusion, n couldn’t h»v« Madrid. The KeUeway • femfly Webber. 

"Come up with 8 better one. sam have now all ridden winners; ~ n . ■ - ... .. . 

-Griffin. . . , • . - Sard's brother Anthony is- a -■ ™«*r fad^ little .more 

- "TJiemunber of eatnes at the successful afoateur rider, and ^teflh a n^??|? n f a ^ OP i. in 
■five-day stage has been, es- her sister Gay reomtly made W 
Trimmed at- 50 .per cent tarter jjistory^by becoming the first girt 225' 

.infonnanon as posable from 
the public and cause general 
.confusion, it couldn't have 
"Come up with i better one," said 
"Griffin. , . . . . 

- “The number of en fnes at the 
’five-day stage Iras bon. es- 
"timaied at- 50 per cent higher 
than ' the existing fttuwiay 
declarations. Therefore, so res! 
‘idea of the shape of oar racing 
programmes win bca vafla hfe to 

the. racing public until the 

■ overnight stage-" 

National Hunt Iramer John 

Carabineer .hid- little more 
than ah exercise gallop in the 
Welsh Dragon Stakes, where he 
gained' his ’ third -win oT the 

while both her parents hare - bariun8: 

ridden numerous winners, • isaner^r. 

' Madrid, wa'5- ‘-the warm ’ Sheikh Hamdarv * Al 

fovourite for the Wye Stakes ran 
over ten' furlongs; but turning 

Mr Griffio believes a 48-hoor forborne it became dear to his 

dectarafioB sebone timfiar to 
that .used nt Pance mid pfow 
European coatnnes should K 
VtmJbdueed. Heroggestfjwwira- 

--Jkm of thc fiiB 
Igftouncs a day earirer ttan m 
-present, compJwwifoJwUot 

rrunners. revised -hagdi sa p 

weights, aid deiafrs of Makers 
and draw. 

"ft wriikl be a valuable shop 
- wfcdow for radag, whenwg the 
appetite of the racegoing and 
betting fdUteT 1» sakL 

Blinkered first time 

■ NettetoMOE 2P »ro Bwt430MOu« 

WtetfMK s.48 laww 
■■ Pyfltertwk f-S SlwteSB l*mn* ** 

jrters thai ft was not 
a vrinadug day. Ash! 


’ Sheikh Hamdan - Al 
Maktoum, starting to dominate 
Arab horse races as he does in 
thoroughbred contests, fielded 
three contenders in the Brecon 
Stakes, -but the nearest he could 

get was third to Marchan. 
Pasha. His thoroughbreds faired 
better by winning three races for 
him on Saturday at York and 
Sandown Park. 

Imroan who looked to have 
thrown his race - away last time 
out at Towcester when running 
-wide, had no problems this time 
wfieq winning the second di- 
vision of the wye Stakes. 

Annette Harrison completed 
a double riding Marchani Pasha 
and Shomran, the latter winning 
the Rohan Stakes impressively 
and endorsing the claims of this 
season's new recruits. 


1 J0 1. AJ Knur (7-4 M: Z Thrw Thtes 
(7-2); 3. Brij^n As Night (10830). 7 ran. 
20 1. ZUramxtak (281 j; 2, Baflad Rom 

200 1. Ornmnor Qanarat(B4 fav): 1, 8mv 
Htah (33-1); 3. Vtesfi (381). 12 ran. 
3d1.1Wto Erani (81k 2. Top Guest (4-1); 
8 FarnjRah (11-8 fniBrsn. 

i maef”* 

48 1. F^Mtente Ctwlc* pi-ti: 2. Try To 
Slop Ms (81 Jt-tev); 3, Promised Isle (81 
jt-tew). 14 ran. 

A3D 1. BeHrn (7-4 tew); 2, Fadra (81k 
War Kara (MJ. 6 ran. NR: Ducan fdsfio. 
M Dartay KoWit (82): 2. SummerNI 
Sneak (81); C&coot 0-1). 7 ran. 

Sandown Park 

1.45 1, MoMtfT (10840); 2. Star Cutter 
(13-8 tav); A Ru» St Jacques (181). 18 

2.15 1. Aae Vaflay <l81t 2, Spacamakar 

Pochard p-4 lav). 11 r«L 

3-20 1. Quick Snap (82t Z Copper Red 
(84 lav): 3. French Tuition fl 1-1}. 8 ran. 
850 1. (WflMs Legend (11-8 jt-tev); 2. 
Ac6ntan{li-6 ft-tav): 3. Zauer (4-1). 4 ran. 
440-1. Avandno (liTlavfc 2, Bold 
P»BBBrt81):3, Every EHorttlW). 11 ran. 


btM). Grey Wott 

:2. Crete Cargo 

RESULTS 2,0, Cart 
Art Abu (6-4 lav); : 
(81); 3.45, Harctt 
Upton Offer Mb(^ 
DAtoU) 18-1 fav). 

TV* £35, 





Siyah Kalem, . joint fovourite 
wjih Tiwnbtem for the Royal 
Hunt Cup? bchds John Dunlop's 
jl-nnmer challeaff ai Royal 

ASCOL '• • ■ 

On Tuesday. Efcdo. ridden by 
Wfflie Chison. will, run in the 
Queen Anne Stakes, and High- 
land Chieftain rakes pan in the 
King Edward VU Stakes. On 
Wednesday, the Arundel trainer 
w0I also saddle Patriacft for the 
Royal Hunt Gip. TTower Bowl 

[ leads Dunlop’s string 

'so esfor fo? RfoKeSSS P«orge V Stakes. Swinbum also 

Walter Suonbum, for the King ^daT “ Handlca P 011 

Cburse specialists at Oree meetings 


mUNBtBsH CedL 37 wtnrtBf* from 74 
runners, 800%: J SuteDffe. 8 from 27. 

29.6* from 26*23.1%. 
JOCKEYS: S CauftfflL 27 Winners from 
150 MBS, 180%; N Day, 7 from SI. 
137%. (only &vo gu*»«rs V 

• Ec^iburah: 

UtABEBScM PraNML 18 wmnara It 
17 noBws. 25.7%; l Vieftara. 9 (ram 
23-nk^w waaa. 18 tram 77,20a%' 

th? Jersey Stakes. 

JOCKEva G Oufflete, 28 wtnnsro iron 
IS ** Connorton, IS from 

104. 174%. (Ortfy too quarters), 


JHWtay. 7 latenars from 21 
A c 5 frnm ’5. 

3U%: w O Goman. 15 from 57. 2$3lfc. 

JOCKEYS; Pal Eddery. 47 nmm from 
243rtte&. 194V SCautoen. 22 from 148, 
144VW Cason. 28 from 182. 144%. 

24 1, teem Dtet (tMk 2. Jarmy WvBe 
(11-2): 3. Poco Loco (81k 4. Under The 
Stare (281L Ock KnfgW 9-2 lav. 19 ran. 

240 1 . Hart Ad (4-5 favk Z Absofution (3- 
ik 3, Bwtrado (9-2). 7 ran. 

34 1 . Safmz (84 tevV-. Z Ttaenuood (81): 
3. Miss Blackthorn (81L irran. 

340 1.Royrt Rabble (181k 2. Tar Shktel 
(82k 8 Last Reooverjr (281). Gray Wolf 
Tear 7-4 fav. 16 ran. 

441, Daputy Hand (114): 2. Crete Cargo 
(84 fa»t3'Schu(a (281L 10 ran. 

•440 1. frewH Myoary (S-t): Z Frtnsyvto 
(8^: a Baioue Prtvae (181). Gutter 8* 
&r. 16 ran. f« Fist Rank. 

541 . Bastfaedo (81 ): Z King Jack (281k 
3. Aalmmon Grove (81). Lord It Over 84 
lav. NR: no! (to SolaL 


645 i, T mm eadoae Jet (84 favk 2. 
Ktammeilng (181k a Bmere Shukea (20- 
i). 19 ran. NR; Precious Link. 

7.15 LLteWSaoNa (2-5 tavk 2, Haboob 
BaWaaf7-ik 3. Lendeki {16-2}. 7 ran 
745 LSotoSManM): 2. Chunsm'sPet 
(10830 twk i Ben DaabojlWfc 4. 
Mudrtite (SMJ. 17 tan. ffft Strive. 
Stanford Vala. 

8151 .Ravctee 2. Madam MAn 

(7-1 k a Fanner jock (20-1 1 4, Dorame 
(381). 17 ran. NR: Tamana Dancer. 

845 1, T*» -raa Duchess (33-1fc Z. Afcyn 
Lady (4-7 fav); 3. FfemiM Embera (81 
lavi 15 ran. 

815 1 . Tanaoa (8&4«v); 2. Sbiaim (13-8); 
3. Bright Bird (81). 7 ran. 


6.15 t. W e — tew tete W arrior (81k Z 
Cares Ke*y (3-f lav); 8 Fownsbi-s (tiolce 
(81). 13 ran. 

6.451. Cue6takfGng(181t2.Gtotjal(11- 
Tf, 3, fmoenal Swnse (11 A 4. Cumbrian 
Dancer (81). Bckteman 7-2 fav. 17 ran. 

7.15 1. MeaUM (11 -2k Z Mr Lkm (100- 
30J: 8 Manngi (7-2). Mosabeny Fair 81 

7.45 1. Loefcy west(8% 2. KO island (4- 
1); 3. Beth* (15-8 fav). 12 ran. 

815 1. tester Mm (181); 2. Try Scorer 
41 4-1), 8 Swift rover (181). Megans Move 
7-4 fav. 14 CEX. 

145 1. Impldn-Tyaptoe (81): 2. Decsn 
raWftJjMfavfca. L^vta (13^. 14 ran. 

2. Decsn 
a. 14 ran. 

Windsor selections 

By Mandarin 

6.45 Bag O' Rhythm. 7.10 Kind Lady. 7.35 Fouz. 
8.5 Tobago Dancer. 8.35 Bold Realm. 9.5 
ESDALE (nap). 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.45 Bag O' Rhythm. 7.10 Flair Park. 7.35 Fairo 
Club. 8J 5 Aldino. 8J5 Silent Majority. 9.5 Arrow 
Of Light- 

7.10 HURLEY SELLING STAKES (2-y-o: £1,103: 6ft 

5 000 DGCCAN PRINCE R Hodges 811 MWMaall 

S taXJRY 3EE J Hoft 81lTl_ JMallMasS 

7 JETMORE(B)R Hannon 811 — . — _ Pat Eddery 10 

8 0 BOXERS CHOICE J Bradfey 88 JWatetraS 

9 DONNAS DARLING 8 Stevens 88 R Cuter (5)12 

10 0 FLAIR PARK D Thom 88 TOora 5 

11 00 FLOREY R Hoad 88 MLTbamas 4 

12 42 KIND LADY (EF)JWMte 88 —7 

13 0 NUNS ROYAL JBradUy 88 HMBerlS 

14 0 PALACE F&OS J Bnoner 88 TWBaate2 

15 02*0 PARXLAW»BEUEMTtayri«B^ —3 

16 003 PHOEBE CWttun 88 R Cochrane t5 

17 00 PUHAMDESE(8)RH0ad88 BRooUlB 

18 J)0 RECORD FUOHT R Hodges 88 RCwant9 

20 300 SAMDfSQOLD (OF) DwSs 8-8 SWMtenrthlS 

21 00 SAUCER WBnnks 88 JBrayl 

7-4 Kind Lady. 84 Ftar Parts. 7-2 Parktands Be8e. 81 

Phoebe, 181 Jetmore, 12-1 others. 

7.35 JACK BARCLAY HANDICAP (3-y-o: £3^25: 
Im 2f 22yd)(7) 

1 -840 FOUZ P Cole 9-7 T Quinn 1 

2 3-00 HAWABAN PALM (USA) J Tree 80 PatEddvyS 


Going: good 

Draw: high numbers best 


£868: 5ft (9 runners) 

1 000 B&IANT 5HTE (0) G Parker 80 GDuflfadS 

2 4040 DANAON Ron Thomson 80 RPE&etM 

3 DENSSENDoiysSmthBO DLaaffUar|QB 

7 0024 DWOL£DA«CSi D Thom 80 —4 

9 00 SEAKJRYM Britain 80 JLomrS 

10 0 S0O IT DOWNJ Haldane 80 SKMdfay? 

11 0 SING FOR THE KING D Chapman 80 OtSSiaa 

14 232 DOMJNOR05E (S)ftTntter811 — KknTMfaf(5)9 

15 00 HAamCMOVAC Thornton 811 JBMsdate2 

7-4 Domino Rose. 3-1 Oriole Dancer, 81 Danadn, 182 

Manrtanova. 81 Bteart Sktta. 181 Seabury. 181 others. 

Edinburgh selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Domino Rose. 2.45 Wow Wow Wow. 3.15 
Joist. 3.45 John Dorey. 4.15 Foremast 4.45 
Brave And Bold. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.15 Oriole Dancer. 3.15 Joist 3.45 Sweet 
Alexandra. 4.45 Brave And Bold. 

By Michael Seely 

3.15 Commander Robert 4.15 Blue Guitar. 

£45 JOPPA SELLING HANDICAP (£797: 51} (1 1} 

1 108 JUMP JARffliDCftmran 7-1 W) DMeMtefi 

2- 0000 iADY OF LEISURE (ajf&C) I Vetsrs 

3 OOP m«wm VOW IU))N Tartar 


5 800 ftSfCAL AID T Ctt*9 3-83 J H Brawn S 

7 080 4WTB IT D Moorhead 881 SWeWirlO 

10 0000 FRAI«E M{SS WBentloy 3-8-10 RGflnsill 

11 080 NATIVE RW£R(FHHMqC Austin 886 —9 

14 840 THE CHAUCEWELL M James 4-88- Shamn Jam 2 

15 800 STTBRAMARmpJlDJemnrll-M — 1 

18 -000 HEWnrfi VENTlaE glSA) D uudman 

446 8 P Grinds (5) 7 

17 804 MSS TAUPAN Mann* 3-80 J Low* 3 

11-4 Wftvr Wow Wow. 7-2 Miss Tauten. 8l The 
Cfssacswe*. 81 Native Ruler. IM Lady of Leisure. 12-1 Jump 
Jar. 16-1 Jurat To ft. Musical Aid. 25-1 Frarefle Miss, st 
terremer, 381 Henry's Venture. 

3.15 MILLEBH1LL HAW1CAP (£843: Im 71) (9) ‘ 

1 -401 comnnst ROBERT (D)J Hansen 

2 i8C SAfCYU [HI (Ms E B«xw? DTT«mJiS?!! ra — 1 

5 -202 ALBERT HALL (USA) 8 Hills 83 B Thomson 6 

6 -000 FARM CLUB J+oBer M M Roberts 7 

8 1330 PEARL FtSHER (USA) J Francome 80 M>fife3 

9 0134 GEORGES QUAY H Hannon 7-11 A McGtone 2 

12 400' LA SERENATA G Lems 7-7 ML Thomas 4 

11-4 Hawaiian Palm. 100-30 Fouz. 82 Albert Han. 81 
Georges Quay. 81 Farm Club. 181 Pearl Fisher. 12-1 La 

CHAMPAGNE HANDICAP (3-y-o: £2,603: Im 3f 
150yd) (10) 

1 -0T2 TOBAGO DANCER R Hannon 87 Pat Eddery 9 

2 814 LIE M WAIT G Pnichart-Gortan 85 W Ryan 7 

3 -001 ALDINO (R1 A Stewart 81 M Roberts 1 

5 030 MQEL FAMMAUJ Toler 810 RHHsI 

6 0302 ITTTHAAD C Benstsad 87 B Rouse 5 

7 801 7BMTTO N Vigors 87 P Cook tO 

9 -040 SHRLSTAR 7AXSAVEfl (B) J Bedwfl 8-4 JReU2 

10 000 FORWARO MOVE DA Wilson 83 TW*wns4 

11 280 LADY ATT1VA P Rohan 80 ACiartcB 

12 0030 S8ENT RUNNING PMflchfid 7-7 G Carter (3) B 

82 Tobago Dancer. 11-4 Ue in Wan..4-t Tebfflo, 81 

Aldino. 81 ttwwad. 181 Silent Running. 14-1 Lady AttortL 181 

8-35 HOLYPORT HANDICAP (£2fi35: 6f) (14) 

2 0004 AL AHEAD (DJCBenstead 887 B Rouse 10 

4 -OBi BLUE REALM mcHorean 884 Pat Eddery 9 

fl 008 TACHYON PARK P ArthJT ^810 RCnram4 

9 038 WGHLAW MAGE (D) R Hutctmcn 

4-87 P Hotefa n e oefl 

10 0300 JACKIE BLAIR (B) M McCormack 4-85 — 7 

13 -000 VISUAL IDENTITY p AAtcheil 4i7-t2 — G Carter (3) 14 
tfi 802 DELAWARE RIVER (D)BGt>»by 4-7-12. A McGknte 3 

17 0000 BUSSE LL FLYER (BMP) R Hoad 4-7-11 W Carson 1 

15 44(0 EXERT (D) R AKehursi 4-7-17 N Adams 2 

18 1010 PINE HAWK (D) D Haydn Jems 

_ 87-10 NON-RUNNER 13 

20 0301 SILENT MAJORITY W GGorman 

87-1(X5eK) ML Thomas S 

22 -021 MAIDEN BIDDER H Beasley 4-7-7J5e*)._ H Morae (5) S 

23 0024 JAMES DE COOMBE M Bolton 4-7-7- T Wffiana 11 

24 -003 aOREAT FLOREAT (B) G Gracey 4-7-7 — 12 

15-fl Bold Realm, 82 Sflent Mapnty. 7-2 Al Amead. 182 

Delaware Rhrer. 81 Exert. 12-1 Pme Hawk. 14-1 others. 

&5 BOURNE END STAKES (3-y-o: cohs & 
geldings: £959: Im 2f 22yd) (10) 

3 ASH JMBOYR Akehtrrst811 G Baxter 3 

4 04 ARROW OF LIGHT (USA) QOOlKb 81 1 RH«s5 

5 00D BEAU DIRE (TTI) J Jenkins 81 1 R Cochrans 9 

6 0 CALVADOS (SPA) JDuniop 811 W Canton 2 

9 2-2Q ESDALE (RIJ Tree 811 PatEddcry7 

10 0 0EX(UflA)JDuntop8l1 JRridlO 

16 02-0 NILAMBARR Johnson Hougmon 81 1.... S Cauthen 1 

17 080 RIVER GUUBUERJSutortfe 811 Joim Mathias S 

20 0-04 SMKWTS FANTASY (B)R Armstrong 811 — E 

22 800 WAY MOVE P Rohan 811 .1 AOnk4 

11-a Esdale. il-4 Nllamaar. 82 Arrow of ugw. 12-1 
Cafvados. 14-1 Beau Dva. 18i Ge«. 281 others. 

3 0200 BED DUSTBtyB) T Fairtwst 882 M Beecmft 4 

4 -002 JOIST M Prescott 4-82 G DuMMd 2 

5 2-00 DUKE Of 00LUS W Storey 7-8S JOuno{5]3 

6 -004 CUIEDOfB)M James 5-83 N Connorten 7 

7 0040 PERFECT DOUBLE W Pearen 5-82 LCbanod.9 

8 0000 JIBILANt LADY D Chapman 87-12 S P GriHMis (S) S 

fl 0003 BOREHAI4 DOWN N ByOTft 7-7-8 J Lowe 6 

84 Commander RoOert. 81 Joart. 81 Ctuedo. 11-2 
Bor ©ham Down. 81 Perfect Douoin, 12-1 Rad Duster. 181 
Duke Of Oolite. 281 Sandyte. 281 JuteUmt Lady. 

3.45 COCKENZJE MAIDEN STAKES (3-y-o: £547: 
tm 4ft (6) 

2 080 BK3 COUNTRY Ron Thompson 0-0 RPEMI1 

6 802 DEPUTY MONARCH Denys Smrii 80 LCbamocfcS 

8 48 JOHN DOREY M Prescoo 80 GOuffefcM 

ID M DUWANTO(U£A)(B) J Hrdtey 811— — —3 

12 800 MYA BUD W Bentley 811 — DUcheOS2 

17 4 SWEET ALEXANDRA J Shaw 811 —6 

2-1 Deputy Monarch. 82 John Dorey. 4-1 DuMarao. 11-2 
Sweet Alexandra, 181 Big Country. Hiya Bud. 

4.15 TRANENT STAKES (£660: 7ft (1 1) 

3 840 KAMFGLOWO Thom 4-80 -~3 

4 M0 N0KWWSTIET Crag 880 RPEKoB* 


4-811 SlWaWey* 

9 81 FOREMAST P CaNer 38? ...SWebstfi-fl 


15 08 ONE TO MARK M Prescott 382 GDaUeUlO 

17 THE ROMFORD ROAR W Pearce 382 . L Chamaefc 11 

18 384 BLUE GUITAR J HlKfcy 3-7-13 — 1 

22 0-0 LITTLE FIRE J WWKB 8' -13. NConnortOnfl 



24 -240- NAWADDEB (BF) 8 Hanbury 87-13 —7 

15-8 Nawarider. 82 Btus Gunar. 4-1 Foremast 11-2 Little 

Tiro. 81 Kampglow. 18i onwre. 


2 83* CtiCCBlH Denys Snath 487 LChamockfl 

3 3(00 PQWTYATESJS Wteon *86 COrofl 

5 0000 MY HANDSOME BOY Y Favnirat 4813 C Craras ($) 4 

6 3000 TRADE HIGH I VcMn 7813 DMchefe7 

fl 080 SWMfOFHA«»lC8)JWY»Ets 


9 3304 BARNES STAR (Lt Cd W MonteiSt) P MmtMh 


10 0132 GODS LAW (DjHreG Reveler 885 JdBBcwier (7)1 

11 0200 BRAVE AMD BOLD (C) N Categhan 384 G DoffteU 13 

12 080 ftOSSETT fWU T Crae 7-8-4 JHBnnmo 

13 0400 GRAM C&EBRATKM (USA) W Storey 


14 800 Petit BOTtqv»Missen&83. — b 

is 080 ROYABER rm Mrs GReveiey 1081 RPENoai« 

17 0tM3 QUALTTAIReSS K Stone 481 J Lam 12 

IB -000 teOU-Y PAItniSGE J Ween 87-10 —5 

. 2-1 Crtccartn. 81 Brava And Sold. 7-2 Gods Law. 81 
Grand Getetvanoa 7-1 Bams* star. 12-1 othare. 






England selectors turn 
to an old master 
for new inspiration 

In recognition of his perpet- 
ual knack of taking wickets, 
the England selectors have 
asked John Lever to report to 
Headingley on Wednesday for 
the second Test match against 
India, sponsored by Comb ill. 
starting there on Thursday. 
Down ton has lost his place to 
French and ■ Robinson to 
Slack, and Athey, who did not 
play in the first Test, is in the 
13. Gooch, not Gower, will be 

The last of Lever’s 20 Test 
matches was in December 
1981 in Delhi, where, five 
years earlier, he had taken 10 
for 70 in a -memorably success- 
ful Test debut. He was kept 
out of the England side for 
three years from April 1982 
for playing in South Africa, a 
period when he was the most 
consistently effective bowler 
In county cricket. This he still 
is, even at the age of 37. In the 
last four seasons and a bit he 
has taken 445 wickets for 

He is sure to play and will 
become the oldest bowler of 
comparable pace (if not genu- 
inely fast any more, he is still 
brisk) to have appeared for 
England for a quarter of a 
century. Derek Shackleton 
was, in fact, slightly older in 
1 963. but he was of an 
altogether less demanding 
type. The one I am thinking of 
is Les Jackson, who was 40 
when he played against Aus- 
tralia in 1961. He, too, had 
been recalled, his only other 
Test having been against New 
Zealand in 1 949. 

But Robin Jackman was 
only a few months younger in 
1981. Richard Hadlee, who is 
arguably the best bowler in the 
world today, is 35 next month. 
What Hadlee and Lever have 
in common is a lovely natural 
rhythm, something which en- 
abled Ray Lindwall to go on 
until he was 39 and could have 
kept Dennis Lillee going for 
ever. In normal Headlingley 
conditions the Indians could 
have more to fear from Lever 
than any other English bowler, 
not least because as a Icft- 
arrner he poses special prob- 
lems of movement. 

Having been chosen for the 
first Test match, Robinson is 
unlucky to be dropped now. 
He scored 35 in the first 
innings at Lord's making 66 
for the first wicket with 
Gooch, and was out to a 
horrid ball in the second. He 
would also have been boosted 

By John Woodcock. Cricket Correspondent 

first Test against Australia last 
year his average, in 18 innings, 
was 11. If Gatling fought to 
keep him, h would have been 
out of loyalty and because be 

by the memory of his 175 
against Australia at 
Headingley last summer. But 
he is not out of all future 
reckoning, and Slack is a very 

staunch performer. Although 
Lamb hangs on he needs some 
runs before he can (eel at all 
secure, and if a batsman is left 
out on Thursday morning it 
could still be him. 

French is certain of a first 

England 13 

6 A Gooch (Essex) 

W N Stack (Middlesex) 

Dl Gower (Leics) 

M W Gatling (Middx, capt) 
A J Lamb (Northants) 

C W J Athey (Gloucs) 

D R Pringle (Essex) 

J E Emburey (Middx) 

B N French (Notts) 

R M Steen (Kent) 

G R mney (Kent) 

P H Edmonds (Middx) 

J K Laver (Essex) 

Tests Age 
54 32 

2 31 

az 29 

43 29 

44 31 

3 28 
11 27 




















‘not out 

I NO Runs HS 
8 0 235 114 
225 96 
277 83 

190 43 
265 72 
540 171* 
230 63* 
117 37* 
22 10 
21 .7* 

53 26* 
140 62* 
48 9* 









is such a good fellow. 

The idea of taking 13 to 
Headingley rather than the 
customary 12 is because of 
uncertainty about the pitch. I 
shall be very surprised if both 
spinners play and there will be 
an obvious temptation, in 
view of HeadingJey’s reputa- 
tion, to make do with four 
bowlers plus Gooch. More 
often than not runs are harder 
to come by there than wickets, 
and last year, when they were 
not (1.31 ! were scored in the 
first Test against Australia), 
England still won with Gooch 
serving as the fifth member of 
the attack. 

What may decide it in die 
end is whether the selectors 
feel that Pringle is up to 
operating as a Ml member of 
the attack. On his present 
form he should be. He bowled 
decently at Lord’s and has 
been taking wickets for Essex. 
Not for 50 years, when Nich- 
ols, Faroes and Read were all 
in contention have Essex 
found the England selectors 
taking such an interest in their 
bowlers. Yesterday, while Le- 
ver was taking 0 for 66 against 




Wels h run 



in Samoan heat 

Western Samoa. 



Apia (Renter) — Wales staged 
| a second-half "over- 
whelm Western Samoa on Sat- 
urday in the' final international 
of their South Pacific lbor. They 
piled on two penalties, two tries 
and a drop goal in a second-half 

scoring spree after trailing by 1 3- 

14 at halt-time. 

Malcolm Dacey, the Welsh 
full back, scared 13 of his side’s 
points Grom three penalties and 
two conversions; Mark Titley, 
on the wing, crossed for two 

In a game fast-moving despite 
the mid-20s deg C heat of the 
Samoan capital, Wales ran the 
focal side off their feet after a 
hesitant, start. Western Samoa 
went ahead nine minutes, after 
the start with a penalty from the 
full back Tele a Aialupo, al- 
though Wales hauled them back 
minutes later with an un- 
converted toy by Bowen on the 

A brief penalty dud between 
Aiahipo and Dacey left Wales in 
front 7-6 midway through .the 
first half But the rest of tire spell 

belonged to Samoa as their 
captain. Dickie Tafba, and their 
centre. Niko Palamo, ran in tries 
to go 14-7 ahead. Just before the 
interval Titley scored his first 
try, which was convened by 
Dacey. ’ . ■ 

The second half was a rout by 
the Welsh, wbo are unbeaten in 
a series which has included 
internationals against Fiji and 
Tonga. A penalty by Dacey was 
followed bya drop goal from the 
nand-offhalt Jonathon Davies, 
before Dacey struck his third 
successful penalty kick. 

Moriarty. the welsh captain, 
touched down after a forward 
push from a penalty near the 
line to leave his ride secure on 
26-14. Titley' put the result 
beyond a£L doom right on foil 
thse with his second toy, which 
was convened by Dacey. 





r** 1 

SCOHEB3: BWim VHov:Trt— iTMw. 
Patera. Pnto BMfcAofupo. Wakne 
Triw Tatar Ca. BommvR Moriarty. 
PaMBy gna M cSc ay Rfta roadgaafcJ 

WALES: M Pacy. MTaKj ba m mii* . B 
Bomcv G WsMs J Dams. R Jones; J 
Wtaafooc. W Jamas. S Bwia. R Norter. 

KbkaN Patera ITairaTRng.TAEa, 
M Janas. M Patoto. Oita*. Fxatawxa, 

French hit Gould out 

tif . . 

■ ‘fy ■■■*■' v si />■ 

form with 
10 tries 

of the 

uu .*■?**•. ■ * i ■. 

Still bowling aku^; Lever, aged 37, and back in die Test fold 

Hampshire at Ilford, Prii^Ie 













O M R W Avge 

94 31 209 3 69.66 

120.4 22 439 17 25J2 
74 21 IK 3 54.00 

102.5 54 101 10 10.10 
1764 59 381 20 19.05 

16 5 44 1 44.00 
2 2 0 0 - 
31 13 64 2 3240 
3 0 14 1 14J» 
59 18 138 3 46.00 
238 60 620 34 1R23 

cap. He is a good wicket 
keeper yet a curious choice. 
He win let no-one down, but 
the selectors should be looking 
here for flair, which is what 
Rhodes of Worcestshire has, 
and for a belter batsman than 
French, which Rhodes is. If 
they think Rhodes is loo 
young he is already older than 
Alan Knott was when he 
started for England. 

Down ion had a good run 
(27 Tests, the first of them 
back in 1 981) and the case for 
retaining him because of the 
runs he made had become less 
valid. Since scoring 54 in the 

and Foster were doing 

In the ordinary way the 

identity of the vice-captain js 

not announced for home Test 
matches, so that to have 
named Gooch seems rather 
pointed. Gatling made Gower 
an excellent number two, just 
as Gower, I am sure, would, 
and one day may, make 
Getting one. That Gooch has 
been elevated above Gower 
could be interpreted in several 

It could be in the interests of 
change or as a way of sayjng 
that if for any reason Gatling 
were not to lead the side 
against New Zealand later in 
the summer, Gower would be 
unlikely to. It may have been 
felt that Gooch needed reas- 
surance or a tonic (be is 
known to have his doubts 
about making himself avail- 
able for Australia, though 
fancy he will) or that deposed 
commanders are best moved 
well to one side. Whatever the 
reason, Gooch is perhaps for- 
tunate to be specially favoured 
after coming so near to baling 
out in the West Indies. 

Richards takes centre stage 

By Peter Marson 

Two good centuries by Rich- 
ards and Rose at Bath on 
Saturday went some way to- 
wards diverting attention away 
from ibe contentious issue 
surrounding Botham. Mutter- 
ings and musing on the subject 
by members tended to fold into 
a comfortable, sleepy backcloth 
as they contemplated the 
magnificence of Richards in full 

With the sun out almost 
everywhere on a proper 
cricketing day, batsmen had a 
belter time of it than bowlers 
until the last hour before the 
close that is. when, as likely as 
not. a tiring day in the field was 
a contribuunx cause in the foil of 
a crop of wickets. 

As it happened Somerset 
batted for near enough the 
whole day in running up 433 for 
six, so that Benson and Hinks 
were left to negotiate only a brief 
eight overs as Kent hit the last 14 

thereby ensuring maximum 
points. In the remaining 13 
overs before the dose, however, 
Essex lost their first three- 

runs of a long day. But at Trent 
Bridge, where Birch. Robinson 
and Randall made the bulk of 
Nottinghamshire's 294 runs, 

Sumy managed to lose Butcher 
and Clinton to Hadlee, and Saturday S SCOreS 
Lynch to Rice m making 38 runs . ^ .. 

from 16 overs before the dose. Hr ‘*snisc cnamptonsnp 
With both sides collecting four 
bonus points, Surrey's maxi- 
mum had been much the 

GLOUCESTER: Gbwcestarshira 182 (D E 
Malcotn S tor 42£ Datwstuna 127 for no 


of Gray, who took four for 59, 

wfctlKJ BamaS 
BATH: Somerset 433 lor 6 dec. (1 V A 
Richards 128, B C Bose 107 not out V J 
Maries 68. fl J Harden 51; T M Alderman 4 
fcx 122}; Kent 14 tor no yrfrt. 

Yorkshire 245 tor 8 (G Boycott 

42; Derhystune ’ 
« 82 not out), 
set 433 lor 6 4 

and young Bickndt. who once 

S ain performed well in taking 
ree for 72. 

A similar fate befell Essex at 
Ilford, where Hampshire had 
won the toss and had done well 
to make 260. Hampshire had 
been 49 for four at one stage, bin 
Robin Smith, who made 87, and 
Parks 68. combined to take 
Hampshire away from rough 
water. It was Foster and Pringle 
who had made the biggest 
waves, and in the end it wasthey 
who shared all 10 wickets. 

69. S N Hartley 58) v MMcHewx. 

v North®! 

J Parks 

68: N A Ft 

Wtewtckshtai 209 for 8 

280 (R A Smith 87, R 
Foster 5 tor 64. D R 

Prtnfljgi 5 for 65k Essex 37 for a 

Lancashire 302 for 3 jN 

H FaMxettor 98 not out. J Abrahams 
notou t G D Mends 68) v Wtacastershira 

TRENT 8RBQE: Nottinghamshire 294 ( R 
T Robinson 52. J D Baoi 87; A H Gray 4- 

Other match 

OXFORD; Oxford IMvarety 171 (COM 
Tooiey 60: D J Ifidoy 5 tor 57); 
Gtanorgan 27 tar one. 

Daunting task facing Israel 

By Michael Berry 







McKenna keeps her place 
as selectors hold faith 

By John Harness? 

The Curtis Cup selectors have 
kept faith with the players who 
did so well against the Conti- 
nent of Europe in the Vagliano 
Trophy competition last year for 
the match against the United 
States in Kansas in August. 

The only voluntary change is 
the replacement of Linda 
Bayman, of England, by Karen 
Davies, ofWales. Maureen Gar- 
ner, the ninth member of the 
Vagliano team, is now a pro- 
fessional and only eight are 
needed for the United States. 
There is one controversial 
choice, the retention of Mary 
McKenna, whose powers, at 37, 
seem to be on the wane. She has 
been saved, probably,, by some 
good foursomes per f o r mances 
this year in the SuimingdaJe and 
Avia tournaments, but more so 
by the ebullient contribution she 
makes to team spirit. 

Even so, one has to have 

sympathy for Caroline Pierce, 
the only British Isles player to 
reach the semi-final of the 
Amateur championship at West 
Sussex, Pul borough, last week. 
Despite official denial, one sus- 
pects that her comparative lack 
of length may have been at tire 
back of some selectors' mind. 

If so. it was a pity for Miss 
Pierce that the team was- chosen 
on Friday night, for Mamie 
McGuire, a New Zealander, 
ami 17, provided ample re- 
affirmation next day that the 
short game in golf is just as 
important as the long. 

This was conspicuously the 
case when it counted, at the end 
of the final against Louise 
Briers, of Australia, a strapping 
figure beside the petite New 
Zealander. Even when Miss 
McGuire assumed the lead for 
the fifth rime at the 15th, where 
Mrs Brim took three under- 

standable putts downhill from 
the back of the green to a flag at 
the front, the odds still seemed 
to be on the Australian 

But Miss Mamie had the 
better of a half in .four at the 
16th, her opponent being lucky 
to discover her ball sitting up m 
the rough, and it was she, rather 
than Mrs Brim, who secured 
the birdie at the long 17th. 
where she holed another bril- 
liant putt, from at least 30 feet. 

One's heart goes out to a 
young girl who has travelled 
from the other side ofthe world 
to achieve this triumph. She is 
the youngest winner of the title 
since the pioneering days of tire 
last century. 

Brisbane (Reuter) — France 
aye advance warning of their 
mn for their .international 
matdr against Australia on Sat- 
urday .by th rashing Queensland 
yesterday. France ran in 10 tores 
to one as Queensland suffered 
their biggest defeat at home for 
more than a tfocade,. 

The French coach, Jacques 
Fouroux. said: “When we 
toured Australia in 1983 we 
learnt a new-game of rugby and 
we have been developing that 
ever since. “We even, have 
Australian names, for all our 
baddine moves — the wallaby, 
the kangaroo, - the. koala aim 
today we scored tries with all of 


Dwm» (Wales). C Hooribml 
Johnson {Eng}, M McKoma . 
BptatfpnJSctHfc V Thaw* (WataftB 
IhOriM (Eng). H— i roe s; S Sfctexott 
C Ptarce (Engk P Wright (Scot). S 

The Australian coach Alan 
Jones said: “We have a tough 
assignment on Saturday but no 
team is unbeatable.'' Queens-, 
land were outgunned in the 
forwards and outpaced in the 
backs, whose brilliance accord- 
ing to Fouroux, came in patches. 
“Not . everything went as 
planned but it was good," be 

aiding f< 
ar . frill 

i (Soon. 


Phelps out of puff 
behind Soviet duo 

By Michael Coleman 

Richard Phelps wilted in the in tandem for the remainder of 

ihejwisting course round the 
lakeside wefl 

heal and wind of the National 
Exhibition Centre, Bir- 
mingham, yesterday when vic- 
tory was in his grasp over the 
final 4.000m cross-country race 
at the Birmingham Inter- 
national. Anatoly Starostin and 
Aleksandr Pudvkarevsky. the 
Russians, ran shoulder to shoul- 
der over the last kilometre to 
break the Briton. 

It was nevertheless a brilliant 
third place in tough company 
for Phelps, his 5,387 points final 
total comparing to the 5,445 
points of Starostin, the 1980 
Olympic champion and the 
sport's outstanding competitor, 
and Puchkarevsky’s 5,436 

Israel face up to the daunting 
task of curbing Bermuda at 
Aldridge today in the third 
round of games in the ICC 

Bermuda have been quick to 
show their substantial mettle 
with crushing wins over Fiji and 
Hoik Kong- Their batting and 
bowling combine power and 
penetration and their out cricket 

batsman who lives on a kibbutz, 
almost carried his bal through 
their inninp of 155. finally 
being dismissed offlhe third ball 
of the 60th over for 108. 


is also good, the lively Charlie 
ill earn it 

Marshall earning a reputation as 
a fielder of the highest quality. 

Israel opened their pro- 
gramme by losing to Fiji on 
Friday and will not relish the 
action today. Dovi Moss, their 
South African-bom opening 

Something must give in the 
Group Two fixture at Solihull 
where The Netherlands meet 
the United States. Both have 
maximum points with the 
Dutch needing to graft to see off 
Canada at Cheltenham on Fri- 

Wednaabuy: Bangtedash 143 (54.1 
onra: M AbecSn 50). Kenya 134 09 
twwsk Bangladesh won by rwrm runs. 
Stutter M&ysta 226-9 {60 overs P 
Budn 58. A Goodng 4-33). Argentina 88 
(54.1 overs). Maiausra won by 138 runs. 

Group Tkro: Make: H si borouglE United 
m . K ,0^, 73. N 

States 283-7 (80 orors; 

Lashkan SO). Papua New Guinea 234 (S6 
‘ T2). United States won by 49 

overs; K Au 62). , . 

runs. CheB aham. Canada 225 (59.5 owrs 
0 Singh 50): The Netherlands 226^ (57 
overs: R Gomes 82. S Lubbers 52). The 
Nether la nds won by ate wickets. Griff and 
Coton (Nuneaton): Bemuda 407-8 (GO 
overs: NGbbons 125 not out, R Hlfl; 

The Group One favourites, 
Zimbabwe and Denmark, play 
their second games and should 
not be overstretched by Kenya 
and East Africa respectively. 

Ughtbourne.50). Horn Kong 180-6 (60 
...... gs). Hong Kong won by 

ovens: M Sabine 
0v 227 runs. 
Bbnringhem Municipal: 

Israel 155 (60 Mrs; D Moss 108. A 
* 1 57-1 — 

Ff 137-1 (41 overs: S 

not out). Rp won by nme wickets. 

The team event also fell to tire 
Soviet Union with Nikolai 
Korolyov moving up from tenth 
to fifth place. With two other 
fine pentathtetes left back home, 
Aleksei Avdcyev and Igor 
Schwarts, selecting the Soviet 
team for the world champion- 
ships in Italy in August will be a 

Thanks to a good shooting 
score of 191 by Phelps on 
Saturday, hugely encouraged by 
Tom Redhead, the national 
pistol coach, the Gloucester 
man took off in the handicap 
start cross country race 28.33sec 
behind the event leader at that 

stage. Puchkarevsky and 
back on Starostin. If be could 

catch those two he would win. 
Starostin quickly caught 
Puchkarevsky and the two ran 

NEC’s lakeside well aware 
Pitefos was in pursuit. 

Moving at three minutes per 
kilometre pace, Pbelps cut the 
gap to 17sec at two kilometres 
and the 13sec at three 
kilometres. “1 was charging my 
batteries for the final drive along 
the lake when suddenly my legs 
just hardened up,” _ & dis- 
appointed Phelps said. The 
Russians then eased away before 
Starostin gritted his teeth in the 
last 50m to claim victory. 

But Phelps's time of 12tnin 
38sec was fastest of the da 
compared to three second 
slower by Starostin and 
Pucfikarevsky’s 12miii 50sec 
Towards the rear of the field, 
Peter Hart, GB ‘A’ team, 
clocked I2min 41 sec, but his 
interest in the contest had 
expired on the first day when be 
missed a fence in tire jumping to 
lose 1,100 points. 

Phelps blamed too much 
recent competition for his sud- 
den fold -up; valuable training 
sessions bad been missed. He 
has the national title to contest 
in two weeks at Milton Keynes, 
a local event at Cheltenham and 
then the world championships 
in August where he will resume 
his battle .with the Russians, 
Poles. Italians and Hungarians, 
all of whom found the Bir- 
mingham contest sponsored by 
Birmingham 1992 Olympics, a 
much tougher battle than they 
had expected. 



Noma AMERICA: American League 

York Yankees 4. Baftmqra Onotes^ Mvme- 

«*» iwma 9. Cleveland imam 3: UlwaiAae 
Brower* 2. Boston Bed Sen ft CriMotraa 

Jays 6. Detroit Tigers 5. Oakland AMeoe* 3, 

Texas Rangers 2; Seaue Mariners 7. Chcagn 
5«3. Nett** League: Ckvmaij 
Boos 2. wtenta Braves I; New Yamuets 5. 

HBstiurgti ilVatro a Unas Carenab i. 

Crueago cubs ft Ptvtorfatptia Phases 7, 
Montreal Expos 6; Houston Astros 7. San 
Fnm«~aws a San Dwgo Pattea 12. Les 

SOGAMOSOe Tore of CMombtaE Tnnttti 
stage (CWonrtwm uMess muA 1. A 
(SpL3hr 3Sntin Slaec 2. V 
Denadonko (USSHL 21 sec betaa 3. R D 
Beltran. 124; «. A Caraargo. same Urns: 5. A 
Zlnanev (USSR), same enter 6. H Cason, 
same tme: 7. P S Morales, same tkne: 8. v 

Baida gs?). same wner 9. R Acosta, ran* 

me: ID. T Ruiz, nme ftna. Overel plactegs: 
1. L Herrera, 37hr 40m 3eec 2. O 
Hernandez . 7-03 benaw: 3. 1 Ganeoor. 7XJ7. 4. 
R Arango. 7:32: 5. E Carredar. K0& ft H Utn 
8 38; 7. G WUehee. ftOf: 8. PS Morafc»/ft«0: 
9. A CNzabas. 1026; 1ft R Montoya. 1ft 32. . 

68. BK B CJarr. 67. SB. 65; 8 Seram. 67. 89. 65: 

M 67.88; J G eUagSeiey. 64. 68. 

69 202S 0 Hepler. ». 64.WirTeykr. 67. 65. 
7ft D Peqptes. 69. 67. 68: G Sauars. 68. 6ft 
68: G CadtsT67. 6ft 89; T CReatti. 7ft 67. 65: 
K Brown (GBV 71 .66.66: U Heyts.6a.68. 6ft 


KBUMEV: ferat a yfn ma: Lady Ka y ston e 

Te y sa ra a w fc Second round tasttag scores 

JUS urdesa nuett 138: O Massey. 72. 66. 
139: N Scranton. 73. 66: S Turasr. 09. 70. Mft 

Jkthstre, 7ft 7ft A Uter. 70. 7ft C HA. 72.6ft 

141:L Youtg- 7ft 71. M2: J Crate [Ausft 7ft 
S9. J Stapnmai (Ausft 73. 6ft B Kaig. 71. 

W. TON KEYNES: WO mmfa realm I time 
• c here pl onablp as eriM 1. B Breton 
■Vtarough l ihr 1m 43sec ft M Bkwer 
1:1:46: 3L E Roberts (KvkfjyJ. 


lte£ OF MAN: Mountain time trial (37X 
»6eA t. O J Webster (Mancnemr 
WNrtoto. tiy 29m 4S9ec 2 G MRar (N2L 
BFo*lar(NZj. t3« 2 1 - Team Vi£ 



BDGBASTCW: We th sood Crecquet Tour 

Mate; Australia v West Indies: Doubles 

Sdere^'btTjS^ 1 !^ A r CW * na *** 0 

SMMT AmuoUE: Preneu: MM Ubw Race 

induraM ISA 4, C CnquMan (Ben 8. J L 
LamJar&JX ft E Caraoire {Frfc 7. j-c Begot 
(Til: ft R PbrasKFra): 9. E &iyor(nj. Sri same 
ia M Latsietts (So). 27asc bebsio. 



BuckandO Latoan HaPWa Mi 

> ». n sptmaidB owram gatoD 


NORWICH: Atfidea Mars hail namhon; 1 . M 

p 0° ** 101 Sweidon 26 {K W **ms (taM HarnartL 1:7^2 Women: 1. : 
weroti.M aw 9fc Govern™ 44 ruse™*™ Lacpaga (Teton HamersJ. 123^3. 

Spoonarm to Fouber t^rptos ft nniiiTl. 

' ivniten24)(pius3. 

rnms 157. Cnantoers beat > 

plus 187 Buck drew with Hafiam Mm 14. 

plus 11k Latham draw with Jones InUnua ft 



HaKkA Spat 5. Dinamo VMnvo 3; Case 

Zvvca 1. Kiaka I; VoJuotSna now sad 1. 

anamo Zagreb 7: Pardzan Belgrade 4. 

2ekezmear BaraMva ft CMek 2. stobode 
Tude 1; Velez Moasr sTork Detoraoe 3; 



CWerbrey 44 (D 
lSS 14. M U 



ti. c ISwn t£ 
Shattaaj 33 (N Gorins tft S WBoott 10k 

HMERTKIRCHENr SwHxeriend: Tore de 

Stosecifewtotosge: 1 . E Breutar* INalMSnr 

Ka*yntet;5, MWans(Bi.E.QBurex3(M.-7.Jc 
Mf.ftH Materjauswar ft S Brykt 

ROM E: tote t Ctto Hnto. 

jg*™. Den). 


Oara» (SOrii mm). Ait 


WUWM4AM wraiMATtOHAL: Heal rev 

{nssaiK sss 

(GB) 5 387. Other BUM poritkm s: 22. G 
Brookhouse 5JB21: Z7.P WrAesPe XeiS; jg. 
i La *! , 523 l f^»i3L SOadeon4Jti;34. R 

(S wsfc 10. A Vtfoi tm. ae »ame ome. Oitml 

posiMfu. j a Hanpsten (US) 20hr 34m 

tr.fttf Crwri Prix to u r ne e MI t L 
__ . . Can# (It) bl F uaaei (M«i W. 

1"^ « Csutaeon (Swe). *- 

D- 7-3, W. 

MayftSQ: 3ft P Ctetoy 4.11 1; 3ft G twvta 

4.1M: 4Q. PHa rt 4 Jgft 41 J Nowak. ftWA 
j™™ 16207; 2. Poland I6ft75; 3. 

1.11ft 2 P 

1. D I 


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f^**?S2*>S5ec: 4. NHuetwrann (Swttrk 

(Switt. 19HC i^0te9roaGn.'» , Eec Bat 

WWOtt TemesM! PGA Tournament TNrt 

rawdMM ^scores (US unieM natedk 196: 
I Hoch^7.0. 68. Cftoee. 65.66.45. rtfc a 
F«on. 67 «. 8& WfcG Meccra. 69.67.63: 

06^5^89.66. 87. Mft T Annaurlft 7ilfft 

: 5 Janes. 78, 67. 64; A Cerda (Arg). 6ft 

BEHW CITY: Mgefifc Panto Cap. Eu ropea n 

Zone B: quarter feat M Oosdng ana » ran 
Bwteal (NwhilMd r MmohvidS AbdumMis 
Otaurta) 8ft 87. 2ft i-t. Teams level 1-1 
ate opaimg stores. 

g^tadoow 3ft tot* Nteeiinte 

3. C 

teopUicuse. 956: 25. wrvratsde. S3*: 29. 


. 26. 

B»:.i.ln>.'s ; WteeT jift s: p"^te; 



Tour match 
(11-0 to 6.0) 

LEICESTER: LdosteenMre v India 
Britaimto chanqttoristup 
( 11 . 0, 110 overs mMmum) 
ttPOWfc Essex v Ham p to nsM ra 
GLOUCESTER; Gtouceaterahirev 

_ Derbysivre 

OLOTRaJFroRtt Lancashire v 

LORO’S: Middtessx v Yortatere 
NORTHAMPTON: Nortbafnptonabire v 


BATH; Somerarit v Kent 
ICC TROPHYi Group oi 

dekt Zimbabwe vKeny 

sue: Denmark v East ATrice. Group taro: 
Seteiuft USA v Tte Netfteriandto W&teaR 
Canada « Papua New Guinea; Aldridge: 
Bermuda vteraeh Banbury: FqtvGtoraKar. 
Othre match 

Su® ax v Cambridge Unhrareky 
(11.30 to IL3G) 


CROQUETi MaoRobrirteon Sttietdr Great 
Brttam v New Zealand (at Ch el tenham). 
CYCLINGS (ste of Mem kw e mab onal 

POLO: Royal Windsor Cup (at Vlindsot)- 

SPEEDWAY: Hatkmai UriM: &*cer.v 
v Rv* 

Hackney: Newcasde 

v Rro House. 

Bradford; Wobras 


Ebjjtend' dMRtfltonahfoa (at 


top spot 

Steve Joughin confirmed his 
piece as Britain's top city-centre 
racer on Saturday, ' despite 
finishing well down the fidkl in 
the final 1% of the Mkhetin 
Spring Cup at Norwich. 

Shane Sutton, of Australia, 
whose chances of the overall 
title were rained by a nasty crash 
at Northampton a few days 
earlier, won an exciting sprint 
finish with Glen Mitchell and 
Adrian Timmis, who finished 
second and third respectively. 
But that trio, who matte the 
decisive break just two laps 
from the end ofthe 40-lap race, 
posed no threat to Joughin, who 
knew be had only to finish 
ahead of Malcolm Elliott to take 
the cup. 

Joughin did just that, beating 
his dose rival by one place. He 
admitted: “II was very -hot and 
extremely bard work, but that 
break towards the end did me a 
massive favour. J knew 'Mal- 
colm really had to win to have 
any chance of overhauling me. 
But 1 still wanted to beat him 
just to make sure and I needed 
every last ounce of energy to do 

RESULTS Rial positions: 1. S 

A James (Falcon). 23. 5. S Barra 
(Moducal), 2ft Sprint ct M Mtota n: T- Doyle 
(Ever Ready). 


Scotland open 
with a win 
over England 

England suffered a repetition 
of their opening game of the 
1982 women's tournament 
when they went down .7-6 to 
Scotland in the Brine World 
Cup in Philadelphia (a Special 
Correspondent writes). .Scorers 
for Scotland were Houston (3). 
Wilson .(2), Martin and 
Donaldson and for England 
Sanderson (2). Steam . , 
Guilbride, Pottinger and 
McGinn. .... 

England opened the scoring in 
the second minute bur the Shots 
went 2-1 up soon. afier. Goals 
from Jenny Sanderson and the 
“ tain. Jan Gutidbride, kw- 
the scores. by half-time. 

The second half brought four 
goals from Scotland which put 
England bock on their heck- In 
the last three minutes England 
scored three goals. 

Wales took on the favourites. 
Australia, in the last game oTthe- 
opening day. Despite stalwart 
defence and brave attacks they 
went down 1-1.1. Their only goal 
came from Tracy Bryden. 

The defending champions. 
United States, brat Canada 6-3 
ite kxi king shaky in the first 

was their' . frill bade, Serge ■ 
Blanco; who.wa* solid m de- 
fen ceand attacked audaciously, i 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 
- Roger Gould, who played 
such a prominent role in 
Australia’s grand slam tour of 
Britain two yeazs ago, is likely to 
miss hb-comttry’s tour to New 
Zealand in July and AuffDSL The 
pulled sheath muscle he sus- 
tained playing in the New South 
Wales sevens in March will 
probably limit his activities for 
the remainder of the southern 
hemisphere season. . 

Gould, played , in Australia's 
39-18 win. over Italy earlier this 
month fail left the field after 
only 20 . minutes during 
QuransfantTs 38-24 win over 
New South Wales fast weekend. 
The full hade's place in the 
national side to play France in 
. Sydney next weekend goes to 
David Campese, who moves 
over from the left wing. 

The French, midway through 
their southern hemisphere tour, 
rave a powerful display against 
Queentiand vestrrday in Bris- 
bane. They play Australia Cap- 
ital Territory on Wednesday 
before meeting Australia who 
have selected Michael Gook 
(Queensland) in -the centre. 

Cook takes the place of die 
New South Wales utility bade, 
Brett Pspworth, who was. in- 
jjurbd in a dub match. 

Satis (2). L Bodnqu«, P tagtaquM, S 
Bunco. J-P Lsscaiboura, E BoonavaL P 
Bmbtztef.Go n ro ti lonto Lasearbotxa 4. 
QnratetaxfcTry. iff Cook. CteroraioKM 
Lynogb. PoraRy: Lynagh. 

AUSTRALIA (v Rwk»): O Cmm 
--«CTh-*«aMK (OuaonstavQ, ' A Stock 
(Otwanatend. caps. M Cook (Ourars- 
taxQ, ■ Bttto (NSW): M Lnwgb 
(OuaenateridL. N Fanstawa (NSWl E 
Rodrigun (NSW). T Lawloa (Owens- 
landLAMcMyro (QtwantencD. D Coday 
Wowr«teraft W CMptwf (NSWL & 


By Colin McQuillan 

Seuga Macfie and - Tim 
Slan^r. who ably represent a 
growing reservoir, of British 
squad) talent, -are the- new 
Dunlop champions of . cham- 
pions. Miss Macfie is the British 
under-] 9 title-holder, the Rich- 
mond Town dtib champion and 
the South region champion of 
champions. In the grand final at 
Oakleigft Park, North London, 
on Saturday, she defeated- Lor- 
raine Harlow,- of Brenfidd, the 
North region winner, 9-5, 9-6, 9- 
I in just over half an hour.. 

Slaney, who won the North 
ion for f 

region tor Herts Squash Centre, 
required more time' and a great 
deal more application to over- 
come a- 90-raraute challenge 
from Marie Baker, -aged 16. the 
Surbiton champion, 10-8, 8-10, 
8-10.9-1; 9-1; . : • " 

The tall, unusually strong 
Somhcrn - youngster took the 
edge ofSlaney’s racket to the left 
eyebrow midway through the 
first game and finished the 
match looking more boxer than 
squash player. But he fought 
tack from 2-8 to 8-8 before 
losing foe opening gone and 
again da wed tack from 5-8 and 
>8 to win the next two. 

Three years is a long time in 
toms of teenage strength, how- 
ever. Slaoey was able to main- 
tain a superior power to the end 
of the tournament, that started 
eight days previously and fea- 
tured ‘ 1-10- of the best dub 
players in the country. 

(Rfchmort Town) btL Hark** ...... 

-9-5, 9ft 9-1. RteeTStenay (Harts SQbt 
M Bate{SurtXtocft 10ft 5-10, 8-10.9-1. 
9ft - • • - • - ■ • ■ . i ■ 


G Macs* 8 





Mtmtford ends 
foe day 
on a hmh note 

Lorraine MontfonJ, of Pais- 
ley, brought the Scottish na- 
tional swimming and diving 
championships to an exciting 

finish at the Royal Common- 
fin Edin burgh' on 

wealth Pool 
Saturday. After, only .one Scot- 
tish . senior -record /had - been 
broken ' during the ioor-day 
championships, Montford won 
the 200-metres bn ttetfly, tbe last 
mdriiduaj final of the zqeetiog, 
in a new Scottish best time. ‘ 
Montford knocked four- 
tepths-of a second off her own 
record, set last year, -when -she 
docked- 2miir 19.46sec to dineb 
her place in Scotland 
Com m on wealth Gaines team. 
Eariter-Shona Smart, a Chester 
schoolgirl, set her fifth Scottish 
junior record of the champion- 
ships, by winning, the girls' 200- 
meues butterfty in 2min 

2tJ2foec, narromy missrns the 

senior raark. . . . 

Ruth*. GfifilLan. Dundee's 
Great Britain international, also 
narrowiy missed out oq a senior 
record in ‘. the women's-. 400- 
metres freestyle. In convincing 
style she won the event in 4m in 
49. 1 Gsec. — only one-ood-a-hatf 
seconds outside the new Scot- 
tish marie foe set ar last month's 
English Championships in 

. Then; was a dead teat in. the 
men's* 100-metres backstroke 
when Neil Cochran. Aberdeen’s 
double Olympic bronze-medal! 
winner, tied .with. Edvard 

Edvardsson. of * Iceland, in a 
time of S9.48se& 

RESULTS: W t nh wi Man; 400ra ftra- 

rtyta R GiWBtei 4.19.18: tttta back- 
■took*: BUM* I:4J94; TOOm L 



G^lant win by 
Cowdray Park 

The preliminary round of tbe 
tournament for the Cirencester 
Clubs' Warwickshire Cup, 
which is. sponsored this year by 
the Dorchester Hotel was con- 
cluded over the weekend at 
Cowdray Park, Sussex, with the 
match between Ronaldo de 
Lima's Ipanema (received one) 
and Cowdray Park, who won 10- 
8 . • 

With Harper replacing Hine 


and Waddragton standidgin for 
Jma. -who* has temporarily 



de-Lima. who' has temporarily 
returned - to BrftziL Ipanema 
showed a somewhat incoherem, 
scratch appearance. 

SHvio Novaes, the* Cowdray 
pivot, who has- been looking 
much more in tune lately with 
the Chilean ponies he rides from 
Lord Cowdrey’s yard, was the 
domi nant figure of tbe first half 
of th is six-chukka tussle. How- 
ever. when Cowdray were up 7-5 
towards the end ofthe fourth 
period, Novaes was thrown, 
kicked, and trampled on - and 
was taken to hospital. 

Brthell was the firet to score in 
the. fifth chukka. but be spoiled 
that triumph by then commit- 
tong two crosses, both of which 
resulted in.- penalty conversions 
by- McKenzip, and,- with the 
scoreboard now reading 8-7, die 
situation looked dangerous -for 
low-handicapped Cowdray. 
Nevertheless. Paul Withers, 
who- is having .a marvellous 
season, was as ubiquitious mid 
busy as ever, and with goals 
from -Pfearson and Glue, the 
home team achieved, a gallant 


tciqry that look them into the 

* *«/- - 

semi-finals next . week - 

ft M 

COWDRAY PARK: 1.C Pearson, 

'A - 

^ • THB TxtoS MONDa/ J uN£ jo jypo 



as c **w»n. D, ck 

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From MiteheH Pfatts. Sopaampto^T^ng Trfat^ - 

^SP 9 * 11 ’ r s veal ? i 00 . *ofe being subjected to such 
Saturday the one flaw in his abuse, though Jack Nickbus 
cfaaracte r - bkety^o hinder his was compelled to absorb the 

PTOaCSS' as the final miinri nf **c.» .... -r 

*arv™r t!: r-cr-^t 1 ■s"l 1 «u' ! 

nr* ^ r *& 

*WM*u»! ■ ‘."V *'W t? 

•’“ »> [«<■■ 

•WTO ■ 

■ST «£•** 

““E 1 of Fat Jack” taunts of indent 
? n e J5S « 9rt S S ^ cs °P en Arnold Palmer supporter, 
unfolded on the Shmnecock “Hit the ball here, fins,” 
Hills course, here yesterday: yelled some supporters stand- 

Norrnan had fflmarenflyre- «°8 mAbc, rougbas Nicldaus 
V StmS 1 tohrorietheir itfoLpK.ctf 

•. millions ofcoa^ctSteW- Nttklaus sim^y . acc^ted 
- vision Viewers to walk to the ^nfwJ^ t £SjlS mCnt 88 

i e^rfthefeirwayandwagan P ^. < S 9S *5 C8U ^' . 

N orma n had apparently re- 
moiJstratfid vwth a spectator 
on Friday ..But in the third 

: i. ■* §'S*si*r 
a* ; >* -"friS 
1 *B rt*’t' m rj. : 

iNf 5* Sit- 
jh— «wai»: 

* m : -e\ 

f- V’**’ ’ 5 

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* m; 

■HIP* j 


SC : *f :.-»■* 

WF W**Ui>- 
iMiUi «.?..: 

•stH* *7 V 
iwot * 

* V V-SH-? 

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Httfcff" '•..•• 

m '■ 
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*• . '=- v-..- - ;“^ 
^ - - • - J\*7T 

■ ”-»a* “.Is 

Gould o, 

of the 

< orre^J 

i-i :"j ;; ,u- 

V f - ‘ V; ^assffi 

. • . ;■"•*' J Uc; 

-v .-’■ . 

-V -.- . ■'•sat 
r/. ■ ■ • •■■-'V. 

accusing fin^r at'^ wjectatOr v l NicJdaus, of course, grew to 
-w* . , - be loved and, coincidentally. 

The incident occurred, only he was carried along on a wave 
- 'minutes _ after .Norman had -of emotional; support in Au- 
tafeen a skat tfe J3th hole, so gusta m Ajnil when Norman 

~ losing his three strokes advan- tvas again' in the front line, 
tags,, and he reacted after Norman pushed his lasi ap- 
h eari ng the ay of “choker” preach to the {8th green right 
from out of the gallery. of the target and, after ftiimg 

, , ‘ .V- : . v . to get op and down in two, he 

In truth he was the victim of presented the TJS masters to 
the boisterous behaviour of Nicklaus- 
some spectators who had 

dearly overtrained with their . Thus Norman, faced anoth- 
right arms.. Even, so, he was. cr monumental examination 
betrayed by his emotions. The of his nerve and character as 

Cloud over cricket Notts win 
as hooligans ^ ith baI1 

attack Sharma By Richard Streeton 

By Peter Ball 

powaful Australian automati- 
cally exposed the chink in his 
armour which other unruly 

he jostled with a galaxy of 

S oven champions yesterday, 
e had finished on Saturday 

spectators might not allow with a thirdTound of 71, for a 
him to forget. •.. , 54-hofestotal'of 210, which is 

i . levd par, and he entered the 

Lee iievuiOw who was final round with a one-stroke 
pmmeritw Norman, surpris- advantage over Hal ' Sutton 
mglyhad his tonnemorsin the and Trevino. 


Lee .TrevinOw who./ was 
partnering Norman, surpris- 
ingly bad his tonnemorsin the 
tnrtnileot atmosphere, but he 
retained his coolness and 
composure. Neither the over- 
zealous nabire.of some: New 
Yorkers nor the. penetrating 
questions in the post-round 
Press conference could shake 
Trevino's belief that he was on 

But with only six - shots 
covering the leading 21 play- 
ers, including Ray Floyd, Tom 
Watson, Ben Crenshaw, Bern- 
hard Langer, -Severiano 
Ballesteros, and Nicklaus, 
Norman recalled how Tony 

the; threshhold of a third US Jacklin put cotton wool in his 

Open triumph.. 

' Norman, however, wasted 
little time iri compounding his 
oiKoiirse; faux pas by venting 
hie feelings. ^There were 
1 6,500 golf fens out there and 
200 jackasses,” said Norman. 

ears to drown the noise of the 
crowd as he moved to ins US 
Open triumph at Hazehine in 
1970. Trevino, however, was 
ready for anything and willing 
to tell the world. “My wife 
Claudia said she'd give me a 
son iff win. And 1 want that 



. . ? . 

“They were fooling around badly. I fold her that if I take 
with too much drink, inside this title then; -we'll go straight 
them and they seemed to have home and -stay insidp until 

this righteous feefing that they T^idayT 

could say what they Wmu. ^ ^ ^ Q 

“ j was n ot alone m getting 

thetrealinent.A smart .com- 66; b 1^,70. 213; RHqyd 
ment was aimed at Lee at the TO, 68,70; 0 WWsor iBSmk 72, 7b, 
15th’ and the same - thing S' S 2' 

Norman: Got feelings off his chest after a spectator t&Hnted him 

Morgan discovers patience 
at last brings huge reward 

happened to ihe 18ft where a a’MpSSuSSaaS 
spectator seemed to want; to 2f4tBLangw(WQi 74,70.7a215: 

Fran Mel Webb, Jersey 

John Morgan scived jris. first ‘ over par for life first time in the 

. |N> «*»'-■'■ 

Jfc.V’j l . : j :j 

- " = +-rf~ , ac~wl . 

- - • * is. 

•> > V Vm ■ * I 
- : <- > • *» ? pj*' 

t.IMPQ .9 * JC 

say where the putt should 
aimed. Pm not prepared u>say 
mysdf what fteguy said to me 
to the 14ft but it wasn't very - 
pieasanL . ■ 

W3174.70. 7a 21 & . victory on the European tour day. 

, 75. 72, 68. 218 ; D ' aftc ^ years when he won ihe Fowler, aged .27, a former 
;7VJT. 69.. S Jqrsey ppen championship at Australian Open champion, 
,75,73. 6& 221; S La- Mow-, yesterday. Morgan, - swapped shots with pair going' to 
\ Zi , -»Z^o 2 2SLl *gpd 42, .whose ' only other - the turn, but after dropping a 
LWK ffi WF successes wece-lhree wins Onthe^. stroke ax the iOft, pntbimself 


•voir tappf 




■/w 4 *7 



#i- * tr 

pieasanL : &chwirrahww>, 78.72, 75. 225eF 

- •/•' --*'■■■ v ' ’ Con»riAw«^75, 73.77: 226t P 
“I went over to him . and I .. Oostwfigis^B), 7ft, 7(k78.- 
said that if he wanted iataw •- _ v - : _ 

could say something bade. But - JJdGfrvm, from Prestwidt, 

America's Cup! ” play championship at 

XT , 1r tmA Carnoustie. He recorded a one- 

Norman^ dea rly^ beheyed nn der-par 71 oyer ' the 
that it was in nis best lpterst to chunpionship course — ixkdud- 

us when he won the 
33 championship at 
yesterday. Morgan,: 

Australian Open champion, 
swapped shots with par going to 

_ Afiica^Saferi.cncxdCbeto.fte; 
7 a : *** P Australian, Peter Fowler, in a 

sudden-death play-off after they Earlier on Howard Clark, the 

had ttedoii27S. 13 Under par. defending champion, caused 
He eventually claimed - the more than a few flutters among 
£13,330 first prize on the open- the leaden as he produced a 
ing extra hole when a pun of 15 round of 66 to finish on 277, 
feet left him with a tap-in while equal third with Gordon Brand 
Fowler took three putts after his jnr. Starring his round on five 
ball had run round the hole and under per he had a patchy 

into.thepiafcoffscuh jLfive-jbot. _ where .and sat in the clubhouse 
putt at the 17th hole for a 69. while his. main rivals fHTby the 

Earlier on Howard Clark, the wayside. Buz at least he had the 
defending champion, caused considerable consolation of win T 
more than a few flutters among ning £4,500, which puts him 

Stayed ouL 

outward half — mixing a birdie 

get his feelings off Ms chest 
But he later acknowledged 

under-par- 71 over ' the golf. He was the only man on the 
championship course — induct- leader board to achieve par on 
ing binfies at the- J4th and 1 5th -the short third hole, where a 

Morgan’s 71 was a product of and an eagle on the two long 
steady, rather than spectacular boles with dr opped shots on the 

■— and then scared a one-over- 

ftto it- might have been a .par 69_ on the easier Burnside 
mistake. “Perhaps I would be gjpfe ' 

an . even better golfer if I p&nm. n. aa. m 
learned to handle those kind Boote 7^ &■ jtmam w, re; s 

of things," he added. v^S^^a.iHCPDWHa.TtSM&e 

There are few examples of Nng.74,7i;Ms:GSiBphenai(NZk73.73. 

Boots; 74, 88; J MBmn: 67, 75; G 
Murray: ». 73. 14S; C Gram 72, 71; K 

wicked pin placement put player 
after player into trouble even 
after apparently perfect tee 
shots. He had birdies on the 
third and sixth to him in 34, 

third and seventh. 

But having rather run out of 
ammunition at the turn, he 
reloaded the magazine and 
started firing again. He had 
birdies on the 10th, I ]th and 
12th to put hi m nuw under par, 
and a further birdie at the 16th, 

then played regulation golf all where the previous day he had 
the way to the last, where he taken a seven after hitting his 
missed outright victory by going second stroke oat of bounds. 



Nation moves ahead 

By a Special Correspondent 

The Isle of Man Production tion stretched- ahead of the 

end 1 ' 


aofc i. ,! " Ul 


TT winner, Trevor Nation, 
mined his second consecutive 
Supersiocks victory when he 
stormed through- a rightly 
packed quartet to win the 
second round of the series at 
Mallory Park yesterday. 

Nation br ough t home the first 
GSXR 750cc Suzuki, which he 
raced m the formula one TT a 
week ago, overtaking the early 
leader Neil Robinson (Suzuki). 

After making his move at the 
hairpin on the eighth lap, Na~ 

second placed Kenny Irons on 
- the FZ 750 CC Yamaha. 

The highest placed- Honda 
rider was the Australian, .Rich- 
ard Scott; who finished fifth.' 

OVBtAU-P OSrnO MSpMartwo toun<tefc^ 
1, T Nation. GSXB TStfccaawK. 32 pw 
aqual 2. K Huewen (Suzyid). 16 pt*; R 
Mai^aB (Rothmans Honda), IS pta. 

Essex v Hampshire Gloucs v Derbyshire 


fW b9at Baex & « ATOXXJCESTH1 

mdm - ESSEX • 

*G A Gooch b Marshal 39 

P J Prichard c R A Smith b fflehotes » 15 n< m.r ■■ 

A RBordarcMchoJashfianSett 75 - - OLOUCStTBtSWtE 


:M & ! &SS£?SS g??ZL=r £ 

tDEe^HAFiculW.JKLwarandDL I R Pay ranaA T*. * 

Acfleid dffl not hat C A WXWi tun out 1 

FAaOFWCKETS; 1-49, 2-126.3-126, 4- Ifl C Rusaafl not out 1 

205.5*250. Bdras{bS,lb8,w5) 19 

BOWLINGS Connor 8-0-51-0; Marshal B- TotN (7 «Wk 40 overs) 163 

*G A Gooch b Marshal 39 

PJPrichardcRASinhhfa Mchoias >15 

■ A R Bordsr c Nicholas bTrairtea 75 

DRPnwlecttchotasO Marshal 0 

KWRFfefcharfljnout . — 62 

X R Port not out 24 

A 5 

Extras (b4,K>21, 2) .36 

Total (5 wkts. 30 overs) _ — 256 

to EEwt N A Ftaattr, J X Lover and D L 
AcSeiddunotbaL ' 

FALL OFWICKETS; 1-49, 2-126.3-126, 4- 
2Q5. 5-250. 

BOWLINGS Connor B-0-51-0; Marshal B- 

Rohmson (SuzilW) 
t90^0mohX FartaMt 

, — ■m.Ihq 

lap: Nation Sitlsac 


Head boats retain titles 

G G Graeofctoa bw Prinde 20 FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2, 2-2, 3-101, 4- 

V P Terry c East t> Gooch. 17 111, 5-111; 6-138, 7-iaa 

DRTt^wrbPort — 37 BOWUNOS Taylor 50-14-3; Warm* 8-1- 

!?*A J ***&& -r- S 27-8; W3S-1; MOar 5031-0: 

5 c ®° 0 ? ) b Fostar Russel B-0-S4L Shorrna 50-15-0. 

HI f^rVtftnnrmrf . 74 

Extras flb 18, w 4. nb 1) 23 

. Tool (4*10.37.3 own} 257 

, MOMvShal.NGCOwtay.MPWflistMft DERBVSHme 

I JParka.CAConnorddnotbn- 

FmOF WICKETS: m 2-73. 335. 4- tcj BwotocCuma, OVrtUh 

D CH Br &H W E 

- Both hwal boats hekl off sew 
cbaHeino with ease to main 
th«r mfes on the tet day of the 
C ambrid ge May Bump*. 

: Pembroke pulled away from 
Caius io four lengths de ar at t he 
'finish to rive Ja m e s Crowden 
iris firth headship in 35 years of 
coaching-' Cains, thou g h , fin- 
ished their high*** m the mem- 
ory of ihe retiring Trinity 
b oatman. Frank Wdfitod* who 
pushed his first crew out m 1935 
when be started at Ctons. 

In fte women's, Churchill 
continued at the top, never 

being in danger from Newanam, 

who. like Caius. dimbed three 
ptaca over fte weet 

DIVISION nfrCafas n bed Dmwn Jasud 
(V bod Dowiing Ufc Oviwts Kl bod 
Churehi ffl: EramamiN S bpd Oodan'sHL 
Wottsoa bpd rii wl f am MiMngfs 6 bpd 
island 3rtTrinhv IV. . 

tnvtSWN It Emmanuel JV bpd Queen's 
IV; Oars IV bpd Church* IV; Downing IV 
bpd StCSthwWs W PBOiMkB IVbpd 
Ooipus-Chhstii Vk Gbtoa B bpdSldaey 
Sumx JO; MagdMane TVhpdLMDCm 
DIVISION Vfe Caius N bpd On V: Jaaua 
VI bpd Owning V; Ouaanl Vtod Sawn 
IV; Kjng'T HI bpd Chnaf* Vi 
bpd Hughes HU. 

DIVISION Vfc.BnnanuN V bpd V«t 
Scheob Owen’s VI bpd Emmanuel VI; 


KelV bpd Pembroke v; 

VS Tnwtf. 

SOWUNG: Foster 8-1-49-1: Lew* 7.3-0- 
ST-O; Gooch 5036-1: Pringle 7-051-1; 
. Font 7-044-1. 

UmptoeBJ Meyer and KPafaw. 

Sussex v 
Cambridge Umr 

SUSSEX 379 lor 5 dec (A M Grew* 132. P 
WGParttr 109.CM- wans Kl . 
CAKEHnxiEinevERsrrr - - 

PA BaacsubbBatrrwffln 13 

M S AhhiwaHa e and t> Babfaigun 38 

DJFalcandbBablngton 114 

? W Browne na 0(4 

J Head not out 40 

Extras { b 1. lb 9, w 1. nb 8J 19 

TotM{3wkto — 283 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19. 2-117, 3-214. 

IS Anderson OLloyda 30 

AHnbWtfah^l_ i 34 

J E Morris b Waisb 38 

fB Robert* c and bSstabuy 29 

QMBernotow ’ 7 

MAXoUingnatour. 2 

Extras (05. to 12. nhl) .18 

-Tow 15 Who. 39.2 erars) 166 

R Sharma. J P Taylor, A E Warner and P E 
Russel dkt not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-11; 677, 3-115, 4- 
14i 5-160. 

B0WL3JIG: Salnsbuy 7-0-22-1; Wafsft 

« ^SSSS^l^SSfSt 

Umpires J W italder and K J Lyons. 

▼ Warwickshire 

H Mmmptonsh i iv Mpts) beat Warwick- 
sNm by seven wickets. 


T A Umd e Lamb b Capel 13 

A I KaNtfanan c Qoofc b WMkar 5 

tGWHumpMeeCapalbWSd 12 

DLAmfesTtoparTI 44 

PASRMhtowVMd 13 

Aall Dm no! out - — 24 

A M Ferrara run out 10 

G J Parsons e Wwerton b Harper 1 

G C SmaB Ibw b Walker 1 

ARK Pierson noi out 5 

Extras to 1- to 1, w ^ —4 

Total ffiwMa. 40 over^ 132 , 

*N Grttorodd not tML 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-1 a 2-38, 662. 4- 
87. 5-91, 6-105, 7-10a 8-111. 

BOWUNG: Capel 56-19-1; Maltondar 6- 
0-256: Cook 36-28-0: WMkar 7-1-21-2; 
WU 66216 ; Harper 6-1-186. 


RGWBanseKrilcharranbRsreons S 

R JSafeycKaficharranb Smith _ — 31 

R J Boyd-Mose not out — 37 

A J Lento b AM Dm 22 

•R A Harper not out 26 

Extras (b 4. to 3. obi)- 1 

0 J^S^DJWwf^N^HtoarwL NG 
0 CoakTN A MSBender end A Walker <Sd 


FALL OF WICKETS: V9, 2-563-96. 

BOWLING: Sms! 6-1-256; Parsons 6-2- 
13-1; Pearson 6-1-306: Snah 6661-1: 
Grttard 66-250; AaH Din 36-11-1. 

Umpires: J H Hoiqiahlre end A A Jones. 

■ ■ : . ■ C ® 1 you- always ge 

Nawnmn fl; Bnmanoel bpd Stow . 

Sussex: ChtRhflBtiptfNswiw LMBC xr , 

bpd SNnyn; awen-* opd ctoratt.:; ■■ - EtearNewsageavpfeasei 

onnriii'ifc'ttoiate-M.-flMNfioe'-* ^ 

BaAfiSlifeiff name 

t famert pp ft Gslon 3 bpd Naw M B: — — - 

Addsrtjo^s iiSrvnTOfl 


ruyjgjON Bfc Cahn 3 hpd Bwaftuel ft. . 

jpsus m epdSBnmrSussm ft OurcM to 
tap BomertCTiDl: OfflCRbpi 


• -Zetfer, * 0 C i*y. 3 * Homy, z n 

Pmer.bowMgaB W . u 

■■sssesss jstsf^ 


€ffltoneel:S .. 
ARSON ft bf# IWW« 


Can you always get your copy of The Time s? 

Dear Newsageai, Incase deliver/save me a copy of The Times 


tod Bomenon m; 

!?ChuRf4MV tod SAW Iftl 
tad Homanoo IV; St Cathad 

bpd nm i toim a. 

Qhmb '3 » c are g jg? 

:* . ft owrbpd 

hpd Homanoo IV; St CatoarinB's II opo 

CftrM's ift JmuaV bpd Tifetoy HalSb 

FSi*rotattW«Ct«ralV- , 

avsxm ir line cwak; it 



LEICESTER-- Leicestershire, 
wit h all second innings wickets 
in hand, lead India by 56 runs. 

Grace Road yesterday should 
have been the setting for an 

idyllic day's cricket. In the 
morning it was. As the sun 
shone, a large crowd basked in 
the heat and on the field 
Azharuddin and Vengsaricar 
batted quite superbly, two 
outstandingly talented busmen, 
revealing all their strokes in a 
blissful display. 

Sadly, however, as 
Azharuddin's innings ended and 
India declared immediately, the 
new ugly phenomenon of cricket 
hooliganism reared its head as a 
group of supporters surrounded 
his partner Sharma, Mows were 
struck and subsequently angry 
followers surrounded the pavil- 
ion shouting for the pace 
bowler, who did not reappear on 
police advice. Thereafter cricket 
took a back seat, which was sad 
after the pleasures of the 

Azharuddin's innings was 
simply of ihe highest class. He 
batted in aD for 324 minutes, 
hitting 14 fours and one six in 
his 146, but more important 
than the dry statistics was the 
pleasure to be taken from watch- 
ing him bat. Even the unseemly 
incident coold not spoil that. 

It was. the kind of day in 
which bowlers earn their keep, 
and Leicestershire certainly did, 
Beniamin and Chft especially. 
They stuck at it in deeply 
unpromising c i rc um stances in 
the morning as Azharuddin and 
Vengsaricar thrived, to reap 
their reward subsequently. 

Benjamin had generated 
lively pace and bounce in his 
first session without any luck. 
He returned after lunch to 
remove Vengsaricar, who is also 
in a rich vein at the moment, a 
mistimed stroke giving Willey a 
comfortable catch at cover. 

Two balls later Srikkanft 
played over a yorker and with 
. AmamaUi soon retiring hurt 
with back trouble. Leicestershire 
had suddenly made real inroads 
into a formidable line-up. 

Azharuddin, however, was 
still in frill flow, bitting Agnew 
off the back foot for a memo- 
rable straight four, and moving 

to his century off- 176 balls to 
provoke an irritating minor 
invasion by half a dozen enthu- 
siasts- He himself celebrated 

mdre appropriately, ' hitting 

Willey straight for six and 
following it with a sweep, finely 
judged to bisect leg slip asd leg 

His first false stroke came at 

By Richard Streeton 

TRENT BRIDGE' Nottingham- 
shire (4pls) beat Surrey by three 

Nottinghamshire, needing 
1 94, won ibis John Player league 
match with one ball to spare. 
Rice and Randall pm them m 
sight of victory with a brisk 
fourth wicket sand before four 
-wickets crashed in the closing 

Surrey's innings was domi- 
nated by Lynch, who made an 
imposing 78, full of beefy drives 
and square cuts. Richards and 
Monkhouse made useful scores 
near the end but nobody else 
stayed long enough to give 
Lynch significant support. Sev- 
eral lackadaisical strokes cost 

' He hil Pick and Hemmings for 
£. .straight sixes and never looked 
the perspmng Clift a deserved ; n ^ slightest trouble. He was 

sixth out, in the 29th over, when 
S, 1 ® 1 * i ^ hepped a bail from Hemmings 

*»“* tater and Randall held a spectacnS 
P“| ch 006 h-wfed at deep square 

Nottinghamshire in feet gave 
^ UB - liule away in the field. French, 
f ortunate event in train. England’s new wicket keeper, 

ft” Inn ings 289 (Benjamin was loudly cheered by a good 
ten* ou*csh«^4forB9) crowd when he claimed the first 

RACotonotou 25 two wickets. French caught 

L Potter not out 31 Clinton moving some way to nis 

Extras { bi.nb 2 ) _ya left and then held Butcher down 

I p T »5tEher. J j WrtaXw. T jBootJp 11,1 _ r 

WBey. p b cat p a j Do Freitas, w k r j Robinson played a variety of 
Benjamin, j p Agnew, p Gil did not bat. drives and legside strokes and 

out-scored Broad when Not- 
■NNANSt fw innings linglMmsh ire batted. Theypro- 

S M Gavaskar oBentamkibDeFrsfas 7 vided an ideal start, with a stand 
M — xsz 0 of 98 in 22 overs, before 

MAzharuOfnc Butcher to Can 142 Robinson ant bowled hv a 

D Vengsaricar cWfltey to Benjamin _ 60 f£2*K JV™ WUM Dy a 

M Amameth rNhed Mat 10 yorker from Gray. 

SMPaMbcan — : 7 Spin gamed Surrey their next 

S iSSS^Sr^, 0 ** — 2 two successes. Johnson moved 

CJ sSmtonotout o§ out to drive Pococfc and was 

Extras { ti 7, nt> 8 ) — -is beaten through the air and 

Total idNtos deg 272 slumped. Broad hit across a ball 

FALL, of wickets: t-1. z-19. 3-184, 4- from Needham. Nottingharo- 
f" 232 - shire needed 60 runs fiomthe 

ten overs. 

465-2; WHey 10-161-0. 

Slack celebrates 
with a century 

By Ivo Tennant 

Lords' Middlesex (4pts) beat 
Yorkshire by 9 wickets. 

465-% WHey 10-1-416. ^ G S C«on c fJSK* 21 

_ _ M A Lyneftc Randal to Hammbns — . 78 

■ A . . A R Butcher c French to Pick 2 

I A IVFCI I DC A J Stewart cffice to Hemmings 17 

TEJesfr tow b Hammings — ■ 4 

^ WWWW/M A Neetflim c Rt» b Coopw 5 

1C J Rlchonls c Robtoson b HacSee - 22 

- — A RJ Doughty b Rice — — . 1 

kAnfll1*¥T G Monklxjuse not out __ — — — - 24 

.eillliry Mgaasa.- 

Extras to 6. w6J — J2 

enHani Total (9 wlds. 40 overs) 190 

Gauing, took a high one out of fS^ 5 Saia 9 Sa 7 : 1 1 «!^.tw■| 2 «n , 4_ 
the sun at exua-cover to remove ^ 5 ' 123 - ^ ' 7 ' 149 ' a_t ® 7 - 

An opening partnership of - Metcalfe. At 144 fiw 4 

148 between Wilf Sack and Yorkshire's innings was feller- Hammings 3-041 6. 
Andrew Miller, a Middlesex ing, but Bairstow and Robinson nottinghams 

first-wicket record in the John took lb off the 35th over, Sc^SbNe^m — 
Player Special L eag u e , brought bowled by Hughes, and put on a p Johnson st Richards bi 
about a comfortable victory for halfcentury stand in five oven. ■CEBRxacewJbMonii 
the joint bottom side over the Thereupon the visitors’ in- 

joint leaders. nings slumped again. The last RjHaoeebBiMtoer 

Before an excellent crowd of five wickets went in seven halk. tb n French notout 

around 10,000, both Sack and Bairstow, who had made 34 off H A — x 

Miller made their highest scores 21 balls, was bowled by Hughes 
in this compeution, the fonner and Emburey took Four wickets F J 
celebrating his country's call in the last over, putting the ball fall^ wicket&t-to 
with a century, off 101 bails, “in the Wockhole” as they say. 1 7a 5-177. 6-191. 7 r m* 

and saved another shot at the 
17th. He completed his round 
with his sixth single putt of the 
inward nine for four at the last. 

So there was do repeat of last 

Andrew Miller, a Middlesex 
first-wicket record is the John 
Player Special League, brought 
about a comfortable victory for 
the joint bottom side over the 
joint leaders. 

BOWUNG: Hadtoe 8-1-37-2; Cooper 8-1- 
34-1; Rice 8664-1; PfcklHMI-2; 
Hammings 86-416. 


RTRatHroonbGr&y 60 

BC Bread bNeetoum - 44 

P Johnson st Richards b Pocock __ 1 

■CEBRxac and b Monkhouse - 35 

D W RandaB c and b fray 28 

JD Birch b Gray 5 

ft J Hades b Butcher 8 

tB N French not out 1 

celebrating his country's call in the last over, putting the ball 
with a century, off 101 balls, “in the Wockhole” as they say. 
including eight fours. When He showed h is well worth 
Miller, whose -69 came off 97 --bowling a spinner at the end. 
balls, was out. Getting . settled • ' ■ Yorkshire . . 

The issue with a flurry of shots to - £ — IS 

thp hnimHflrv Y b r- 

1, who then, came from no- 

whiie bis. main rivals faTby the 
wayside. Buz at least he had the 
considerable consolation of win- 
ning £4,500, which puts him 
once again ahead of Severiano 
Ballesteros at the top of the 
Epson Order of Merit with prize 
money of £75,857. 

state 275: J Morgan, 65, 68. 71, 71; P 
Foster (Ausl 65, 71. 70. 69. 277: G Brand 
to. 82, 70. fe. 70; H Ctark. 68. 68. 75. 66. 
278: 1 Mosev. 72. 70. 69. 87: R Dsvte (Aus), 
M. 73. SP. fehBteo cchi (SAL72. 64^®. 

hHtoWJrt, ^ TWj&iT' 

72. 69; 231: C Mason, ~ 

Stubbs. 70 68. 70. 73: 

73171/70. 68; V Saw (Aua). 69. 70. 74. 
69: P Senior £AtaL 89. 71. 72. 70: J 
Andaraon (Cant 67,74. 71, 70: G Turner 
70. 89. 71, 72: P Thoms, 70. 70. 89. 73. j 
283: M McLean, 70, 70,71, 7ft S BannatL 
57, 08, 71. 77. 284: A ChteTtfoy. 69. 72. 75. 
68; M Poocon. 73. 70. 72. Bft Effitoarty. 70. 
6& 76. 70; R CromwBi (USJ.71, 71.74. TO 
B Gofachor. 73. 68. 72. 70; W Mafoy (US). 

the boundary. 

Middlesex put the opposition - 
in, as they tike to do on Sundays, 
regaidfeK of the state of the 
-pitch. This one was a game foil 
of runs as Moxon and Sharp 
amply demonstrated. They be- 
gan with a century opening 
partnership off 25 overs with 
little recourse to anything 

It was Yorkshire’s highest 
first-wicket stand in this com- 
petition for two years. Sharp 
made 52 off 75 deliveries, 
clearing the ‘ boundary three 
times, and Moxon an elegant 48. 
The following batsmen ought to 
have taken them on to a score 
around 250, but the acceleration 
was checked by some sharp 

Radley held a couple of nice 
catches at mid-wicket and the 
new England captain. Mike 

A A Motc Nf a c QatBng b Edmonda'— 13 

SN Hartley cRariteybHuttoa* 15 

P E Rofrnsfln b Fraser —2-„. ■■■■ — . 29 

*TO L Batrcftwr b HugtiOB 34 

A Sidatootiam b Emburey — — — _ 1 
P J Hartley sTDownton b Entouray — 0 

P w Jams b Emburey — 0 

PCarrickbBttourey — 0 

S J Dorm not out — i 

Extrasflb12.w3.m>2) J7 

. Total (40 overs) 210 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-103, 2-119, 3-128, 

4- 144. 5-190, MOB. 7-209. 8-209. 9608. 
BOWUNG: Ron 8-1-226: Fraser 86-30- 
1: Hughes 8661-2: Edmonds 86436: 
Embwey 86-52-4. 

tiunm fsft 

AJTkHtefCDenntebSN Hartley - 69 

WN Slack not out 101 

*M W Gaffing not out 36 

Exbss(to8) 8 

Total ( IwkL 37.3 twera} 214 

J D Carr. C T Radley. \P R Dowiton. J E 
Emburey, P H Edmonds. S P Hughes. Q D 
Rose. ARC Fraser did not bat 

BOWUNG: Danno 56676; Stdabottom 

5- 36696; Carrick 86686; Jarvis 86- 
536: P Hartley 4-0-240; S N Hartley 7-0- 

UrnptosrRJuten and NT Plows. 

Smith and Nicholas 
spoil day for Lever 

By Peter Marson 

Essex suffered their second Amiss held firm but Hum page, 

defeat in the John Player Speica] 

Chris Smith hit 75 and Mark 
Nicholas 53 in an unbroken 
stand of 104 for the fifth wicket. 

Having won the toss and 
chosen to bat, Gooch and 
Prichard provided Essex with a 
raring start at close on six runs 
an over. Then, despite a hiccup 
in mid innings. Border and 
Fletcher saw that this frantic 
pace was maintained through- 
out the innings, with Border 
making the top score of 75, and 
Fletcher next with 62. Not far 
behind were 36 extras, while 
Marshall, with two for 30 was 
the best of Hampshire's bowlers. 

Greenidge and the rest needed 
to go now at something akin to .- 
the same feverish pace, which 
was asking a lot- nevertheless 
they roared home with IS balls 
to spare as normally economical 
. Lever was tamed on the day he 
returned to the England side. 

Put* in to bat, Warwickshire 
made a faltering start at North- 
ampton, losing Uoyd with the 
score 18 and Kallicharran at 36. 

Smith and Ferreira failed to get 
going so that at 91. for five, 
Warwickshire were looking to 
Asif Din and the bowlers. Asif 
Dio was still there 24 not out 
when Warwickshire's innings 
dosed at 132 for eight. 
Northamptonshire's simple task 
was accomplished with room to 

Gloucest e rshire's innings,too, 
suffered from a lamentable start 
as both Wright and Bainbridge 
were out with the scoreboard 
reading two for two, A they put 
his head down though to make a 
timely 56. and Curran and 
Tomlins made useful contribu- 
tions as Gloucestershire reached 
163 for seven. 

It was by no means enough, 

though, and with Anderson, 

Hill, Morris and Roberts mak- 
ing the runs Derbyshire chalked 
up their third victory with four 
balls to spare. 

At Old T rafford, Fowler made 
a hundred and Lloyd 64, as 
Lancashire answered an invita- 
tion to bat by making merry on 
the way to 249 for four, a target 
that proved well out of 
Worcestershire's range. 




A wide.rangp oflegal positions throughout the profession 
appear every Tuesday. 




Total (7 *4cts,39.5 wars) 194 

EE Hammings. K E Cooper dkt not bat 
FALL OF WICKETSC 1-98. 2-10ft 3-1 22.4- 

BOWUNG: . Doughty ‘ 8-0-38-0; 
Monkhouse 8631-1; Pococfc 8635-1; 
Gray 86-35-3; Needham 7-642-1; 
, - Butel>er 056-2-1. 
j * BOWUNG: 

Umpires; O Cook and D O Ostoar. 

Kent fail 
to match 

By Alan Gibson 

BATH: Somerset ( 4pts) beat 
Kent by 103 runs. 

It was a hot day, with the Bath 
ground packed, as it usually is 
For these Sunday capers what it 
does not rain. Never have 1 seen 
so many half-naked, pot-bellied, 
middle-aged' men within so 
small a compass. The cricket 
was also much as usual, a 
cheerful bash which nobody but 
small boys and some of their 
seniors took very seriously. 
Kent won the toss, or possibly 
Somerset did (opinions varied, 
and the public address system, 
true to Somerset form, was 

Anyway, Somerset batted, 
and scored 244 for 7 in their 40 
overs. Roebuck; who is belying 
his reputation (partly self-im- 
posed) as a slow scorer laid the 
foundations. He reached his 50 
in the eighteenth over. Marks 
and Harden gave him brisk 
support, though it-was not to be 
one of Richards's days for 
concentration. Rose and Hardy, 
however, played excellently, the 
outfield was test, and by the end 
the Kent out-cricket was begin- 
ning to look a little frayed. It was 
a contented, if by now slightly 
sunburnt, crowd that went off 
for the cider when the bars 

In the Kent innings Hinks was 
out almost at once, and Benson 
soon afterwards. Tavare and 
Taylor were the only pair who 
looked like giving them a 
chance, but Tavare was caught 
at mid wicket, the third wicket 
going down at 68, and Taylor 
was run out by Richards, field- 
ing his own bowling, making 8 
splendid stop and torn ing round 
like a top to throw down the 
bowler's wicket,' at 96. Thai 
proved to be pretty well the end 
of it, so fer as Kent were 
concerned. Nobody else could 
get going. The harder they rode 
the worse they fell, and they 
were still 103 behind when the 
match ended in the 31st oyer. 


V J Msrfcs b Bhson 7 

TMRoabuckcTaytorbCSGDwdrajr 75 
RJHarfenc Benson bUndemood - 17 
iVARiclwdsCBaplistabUnderwood 2 

aCRosobBapWB— G8 

J4E H*rdy bason 40 

GVPahiarnotout 7 

J Gamer not out -- 5 

Extras (to 14, w 10. nbl) 25 

Total (6 was, 40 orers) 244 

ch Dradge, i* i gas. N STajior aura 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1*28. MS. 366. 4» 

BOWUNG: Janfe 86686; EBsah 86- 
51-2: Underwood 8662* C S Cowdrey 
8-0-41 -1 ; Baptism 86-70-1 . 


MR Benson runout 8 

SG HWra cBKzb Gamer 8 

CJ Tavsr6 e Sub b Palmer . .. 30 

N R Taylor nai out — 38 

*C S Cowdrey c Hanlan b Patawr — _ 14 

GR Cowdrey tow bTaytor .14 

6 A E Baptise c KanJen b Pafcner — _ 1 
RM Eason c Harden bTaytor - 1 


MR Benson run out - --- 6 

SG Hinks cBHzb Gamer 8 

CJ Tavare e Sub b Palmer . .. 30 

N R Taylor rwi out 38 

*CS Cowdrey c Hanlan bMw — . 14 

GR Cowdrey tow bTaytor .14 

FA EBaptsac Harden bPakner^ 1 

R M Eason c Harden b Taylor 1 

tS A Uto not out 22 

OLUmJamoodc Hardy a Palnwr _ 2 

KB Stands b Marta 0 

Extras lb 4. w 2. nbl) 7 

Total (30.4 overs) — 141 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-9. 2-16. 363. 46ft 
569, 8-110. 7-lift 8-121. 9-128. 16UL 
BOWUNG: Garar 4-1-7-1; IMor 8-1-28- 
2: Dratoa 56-146. Marts 5A-0-46-1; 
Palmar 562S-4; Retards 2-0-146. 

Umpires J H Hants sod □ R Shepherd. 




* * ft * * * si. 


in many 

Lack of technique 
in British teams 

isb dobs are able to embrace 

in their play, against a lack of 
technique compared with some 
foreign teams, are not so 
readily available within an 
international team with its 
restricted opportunity for 
practice. Scotland, has so 
often, had unlimited heart bnt 
they lack variation. Gough 
had a fine tournament but it is 
no use hoping for full backs to 
score your goals. 

Ferguson has achieved 
something remarkable m Scot- 
tish football, transferring pow- 
er from the west to east for the 
first time in 30 years. He has 
said he is not ready to take on 
the international team foil 
tune, and it is expected that 
his appointment trill now be 
terminated, even though there 
is some uncertainty about his 
continuing affection for Aber- 
deen. 1 believe be was offered 
the Job at Arsenal, but was 
unable to give a reply within 
the time spaa they needed. He 
wanted to see what happened 
in Mexico. 

Whatever his future, history 
will tend to indicate that in 
1986, in a wretched encounter 
with Uruguay, he misread the 
card after twice haring got it 
right He was, moreover, a 
pleasant and understanding 
man on the international 
scene, and engagingly positive 
in his derisions, right or 

Havelange makes sure 
nothing sticks in his 
world of make-believe 



Scotland's justifiable anger 
at the beharionr of Uruguay, 
in the goalless draw that ended 
their World Cap campaign, is 
in danger of donding their 
judgment. They have returned 
home not so much as a 
consequence of Uruguay’s ulti- 
mate in gamesmanship as of 
their own inadequacies. It is 
upon those they should be 

Quite simply, Alex Fergu- 
son, who had shown tactical 
judgment in the first two 
matches, now picked the 
wrong team, and the players 
were incapable of responding 
to the demands of defeating 10 
outstandingly clever oppo- 
nents who denied them the 

Ferguson, in the heat of the 
moment, said afterwards that 
be was glad to be returning 
home. Bnt that is not a view 
which will be shared by most 
Scotsmen: certainly not by 
some of those in the squad 
travelling with him, including 
the captain. 

Graeme Sonness has said 
that it was always his intention 
to conclude his international 
career with this tournament, 
and that the second match 
against West Germany in 
Queretaro was one of the 
hardest, in terms of endurance, 
be had ever played. As player- 

Souness needed in 
reserve for Scots 

manager of Rangers, he has to 
be discreet in his comments, 
but be is known to have been 
dismayed at being dropped 
and not even being included on 
the bench. To ha ve had Belt as 
the only midfield reserve was 
one of several miscalculations. 

It would have made better 
sense to have started with 
Souness, or at least to have 
had his experience ready in 
reserve. McStay was out ofhis 
depth, and Ai tken never began 
to answer the problems posed 
by Uruguay's possession 
game. Scotland gave the ball 
away with inaccurate passing 
about as often as they won it. 

It was no improvement to 
inferodnce Sharp in place of 
Archibald. His positional . 
sense was poor, whereas 
Archibald is expert at pulling 
defenders about and still re- 
taining the baJL It was evident 
after only half an hour that 
Nicholas or Cooper should 
have been introduced from the 
bench in place of a defender. 
What was needed was width in 
attack, and technique. Nu- 
merical superiority was all too 
clearly no answer in itself. 

Ironically, this was possibly 
the one match of the three in 
which the physical stress on 
Sonness would have been the 
least, because of the slower 
pace at which Uruguay play. 
What was needed above all 
was tactical intelligence, and 
the absence of Souness, and 
even more of Hansen now 
became a glaring omission. 
Souness had privately been 
concerned about the absence of 
his former Liverpool colleague 
before the tournament began. 
Ferguson's preference for an 
entirely home-based defensive 
squad, apart from AJbiston, 
had its reasons, but was 
ultimately misplaced. Scottish 
club football is now so con- 
densed in quality among a few 
that the breadth of experience 
is unavoidably limited, never 
mind the European success of 

What Ferguson has discov- 
ered, as England have, is that 
the compensations which Brit- 

From David Miller 

Mexico City 

Joao Havelange is such a 
master of diplomatic manoeu- 
vre. he ought to be a Russian, 
not a Brazilian. At the end of 
the first round of the World 
Cup. he gave a press confer- 
ence. Criticisms flew at him: 
of weak refereeing, mounting 
violence, rampant time-wast- 
ing. television failures, four 
defeated teams being able to 
qualify in third place for the 
second round, unwisely ap- 
pointed match supervisors, an 
invitation to a political crimi- 
nal. and his own financial 
involvement in the profits of 
competition. With the adroit- 
ness of a politician, for that is 
what he is, he deflected or 
denied everything. 

A president of FIFA with- 
out clothes, he remains, he 
confidently believes, the best 
dressed man in Mexico City. 
Faults? Ah. those must be 
referred to the various com- 
mittees. “No criticism will 
affect me." he stated. “I have 
my own principles and sense 

The main news of the day, 
decided only an hour before- 
hand. was the disciplinary 
measures imposed on Uru- 
guay for their continuing cyni- 
cal disorder, on and off the 
pitch, against West Germany, 
Denmark and Scotland. Dr 
Havelange did not even men- 
tion it in his opening address. 
He does not like to be associat- 
ed with anything prickly. Uru- 
guay. he assured us. were his 
much loved neighbours. 

His opening remarks told us 
only of achievements. The 
“minor television problem" 
had been solved in two days, 
and there were goals and 
spectators galore. The feet that 
more than a quarter of the 
players so far selected had 
either been booked (82) or 
sent off (6) was proof that the 
referees were doing their job, 
he assured us. There was no 
concern that the players were 
out of hand. Any questions? 

Was it not improper, a 
Mexican journalist asked, for 
the president of the Uruguay- 
an federation hysterically to 
have condemned the Press for 
unfair criticism of the Uru- 
guayans? Dr Havelange said 
he required written confirma- 
tion of Uruguay's accusations. 
Laughter greeted this: the 
morning papers had little else. 
It was left to Hermann 

Neubeiger, of West Germany, 
chairman of the FIFA organiz- 
ing committee, to disclose that 
the Uruguayan federation had 
been cautioned, fined 25.000 
Swiss francs, threatened with 
expulsion if their disorder 
continued, and their manager, 
Omar Borras. banned from 
the bench against Argentina 
for calling the French referee, 
Quiniou. “a murderer.’' 

On violence. Dr Havelange 
said the referees were only 
human, and were abiding by 
the laws; that it was democrat- 
ic to select 36 referees from all 
six FIFA confederations, rath- 
er than merely the best refer- 
ees, “like it or not". He seems 
unmoved by the feci that 
referees are almost over- 
whelmed by foul play in some 
matches, having himself ap- 
pealed to die Press six months 
ago “to pillory lack of 

Well, here goes. I have 
studied a dozen video replays 
of Batista's premeditated foul 
on Strachan, late and vicious, 
and Quiniou was utterly cor- 
rect. I only hope Agnolin, of 
Italy, is equally stringent in 
the U ruguay-Aigenti na match 
today, and that FIFA are true 
to their word. Only the sus- 
pension of a team will bring 
the tournament to its senses. 
Such action could even apply 
to the host team — I write this 
before their meeting yesterday 
with Bulgaria — though that 

Havelange: Unmoved 

extreme would. I fear, bring 
revolution on the streets. 

An unrepentant Borras was 
yesterday predicting a tough 
match with Argentina. It was. 
of coyrsc, inept to appoint an 
Argentinian overseer for 
Uruguay’s match with Scot- 
land, when Argentina were the 
next opponents, ' and Dr 
Havelange’s assurance that 
the overseer “had spoken no 
word against Uruguay" was 
less than convincing for the 
Uruguayan media, who are 
still filming and four of whom 
have been suspended from 
attending today’s match be- 
cause of their insulting behav- 
iour to FIFA officials 
following the Scotland fracas. 

What about Uruguay's 
time-wasting, Dr Havelange 
was asked, with more than a 
minute to take a goal kick? 
“Thank you for the hint this 
aspect is being examined," 
was the deflecting answer. 
Referees have in feet been 
uniformly inefficient in add- 
ing lost time, however many 
injuries and stoppages there 
have been. Are they working 
to television requirements? 

One of the unintentional 
tons mots has come from the 
commentator on an American 
television channel. “There is 
temporary transmission 
malfunction," he said during a 
hiccup, “but it’s not serious 
enough to stop the game." We 
are, indeed close to the time 
when that could become a 
reality. American coverage, 
indeed is so extensive and 
enthusiastic that it substanti- 
ates the belief that the United 
States could have staged a 
spectacular tournament had 
Dr Havelange not wanted it to 
be in Mexico. 

In answer to a question on 
alleged personal payments to 
him by Adidas/ISL — made 
this week by Der Spiegel - Dr 
Havelange replied “I will only 
smile: People can write what 
they like." He denied emphat- 
ically that be is commercially 
linked to Televisa Mexicans, 
but added “If I decided to do 
so it would be legitimate." 

Sitting beside him, 
Guillermo Canedo and Rafael 
Del Ruiz, the Mexican orga- 
nizers, smiled enigmatically. 
There were whistles when 
Canedo blandly said he had 
invited the ex-Argentinian 
colonel L acoste, a member of 
the 1978 organizing commit- 
tee and a condemned member 
of the junta. 

Poland are wary of Brazil 

Bahia Escondida ( AP) — In an 
apparent disciplinary action af- 
ter the 3-0 defeat against 
England the Polish manager. 
.Antoni Piechniczek, said that 
five players will be left in this 
lakeside resort near Monterrey 
when the team goes to Guada- 
lajara for the match against 
Brazil today. 

Piechniczek did not specify 
his reasons for dropping the 
players, who he named as the 
midfielders. Buncol and 
K.omomicki, the defender. 
Kubicbi, the forward, 
Zgutczynski and the reserve 
goalkeeper. Wandzik. 

Kubichi is nursing a 1% injury 
bu» ihe others are fiL The 
exclusion of Buncol one of the 
stars of the Polish team, is 
something of a sensation. The 
Legia of Warsaw player, aged 

26, has appeared in only one full 
World Cup match, ag ain st Mo- 
rocco; he was brought on against 
England last Wednesday when 
Poland were already three goals 

The seeded Polish team fin- 
ished third in Group F with 
three points, only narrowly 
qualifying for the second phase 
of the competition. 

Team sources reported yes- 
terday that the defender, 
Zmuda, aged 32, who is playing 
in his fourth finals, would not 
start the match against Brazil 
but could be fielded in the last 
stages of the match to equal the 
record of World Cup perfor- 
mances of the former West 
German forward. Uwe Seeler. 

Talking about the match 
against Brazil both Piechniczek 
and the team captain, Boniek, 

Mexico is all the 
rage in the slips 

There were no football 
matches to watch on Saturday, 
the sun shone, the panamas 
came out of their boxes and, as 
final proof of God's goodness, 
Tewin Irregulars beat the Brit- 
ish Council by four wickets. It 
was a gorgeous, chortling, 
domestic English day. Yet the 
talk at tea, in the bar afterwards 
and, ft shames me to say. in the 
slips during, was all of Mexico. 

The World Cup, after its 
hideoosly tentative start, its 
apparent certainty to become a 
four-week festival of fear, turned 
into a series of adventures in the 
second week. Now as we move 
into the third week, and the 
knock-out section — how splen- 
did it is to see the hack of this 
league staff — adventure is, let ns 
hope, a certainty for the next 

At the Civil Service sports 
ground at Chiswick all you had 
to do to widen the cricket-smog 
smiles of die players was to say 
“Denmark”. ”Waso’t it 
fantastic?” “And yon couldn't 
have wished it to happen to a 
nastier bund than Uruguay.” 
Every paato seeds a villain to 
hiss and Uruguay — look belnd 
you, Mr Strachan! — play the 
part to perfection. Let ns hope 
that Maradona can slay them 
with his enchanted boots to- 

The competition has come 
alive from the most moribund of 
starts and the gloomiest of 
prognostications. So for football 
has beaten the thuggery. 
Footballers against thnss al- 
ways makes for riveting viewing 
and it is profoundly, elementally 
satisfying when the forces of 
righteousness triumph. Ah! the 
Danes — and was Laudrop’s best 
goal better than Elk jaer's best? 
Or that Brazilian goal — what 
about that? 

Wednesday night promises to 
give os three boots of the most 
compulsive television, with Den- 
mark -Spain on late, with 
Gokoecbea, the poor man's 
Uruguayan, playing the villain’s 
part. But before that we have 
Enghnd-Paraguay and a flwn* 
to scream ourselves cheerfully 


I remember that hideons 
match in Spain last time around 
when the second stage gave ns a 
second unwanted helping of 
dreary league football and En- 
gland had to beat Spain to go 
through. The match finished 0-0 
and E ng l and went out of the 
competition both undefeated and 
undistinguished. This time, with 
a proper knockout competition, 
we have so choice but to go down 
— when, or even it we go down — 
in a blaze of glory. 

As die beer hissed down hot 
throats in celebration of the 
Irregulars’ glorious victory the 
cricketers discussed the advan- 
tages of tiie four-mao midfield 
and bow Wilkins never does 
anythmg wrong bnt. on the other 
hand, never does anything right, 
and bow the Scots once again 
blew up (“Well at least Speedie 
would have made it more 
interesting.” “And Nevin.” 
“Let's face it, they bottled it.”). 
It was a fine conclusion to a fine 
week of sport. 

But as we prepared to depart 
(“Thanks for the game, pity 
your Jaidinesqne cricket was 
defeated by oar own indomitable 
spirit”) everyone was looking 
forward to another week of late- 
night trie vised treats. The game 
offootbail is at least as indom- 
itable as the spirit of the mighty 
Irregulars: despite villainous 
coaches and c n arhed villains, 
there are moments of skill that 
beep ft a beautiful game. 

I hope I am still writing this 
sort of stuff in a fortnight's time. 
“Well, we beat those British 
Council guys aB right, eh?” 
“What about those Danes?” 
“Great” “What about another 
pint?” “Bloody marvellous.” 

believed that the South Ameri- 
can team should be heavily 

“It is possible that we will be 
more efficient when playing at 
high altitude and in fresher 
weather. However, we are going 
to face one of the most powerful 
teams in the tournament,” 

Piechniczek said. 

“There is no doubt that Brazil 
are in a better psychological aDd 
physical condition than 
Poland,” Boniek said. “But it's a 
knock-out match and anything 
could still happen.” 

Nevertheless, the atitnde in 
the Polish camp towards the 
game today cannot be said to be 
brimming over with confidence. 
A flight home has already been 
tentatively booked for the 

World Cup 
and tables 


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Today’s games 

Second round 

n _ Poland v BrazS (Guadalajara, 7,01. 

S im on flames Argentina v Uruguay (Puebla, 11.0). 

The dossier on Paraguay has 
been delivered to Bobby Robson. 
His two spies, Dave Sexton and 
Howard Wilkinson, have exam- 
ined the strength and weak- 
nesses of England's opponents 
in the second round, or the 
eighth finals as they are of- 
ficially known, bat the squad has 
yet to be told of the detafis. 

They may never hear the fan 
extent of the repeat. Robson, 
who has yet to choose the 
appropriate n uui eet to CeU the 
rele v en t players, win sketch in 
only the ootimes rather than 
paint the c omple t e, picture. 
There is little potat, be says, in 
pouring too mach inhibiting 
information Into his ride. 

Yet be himself has been 
offered a deep Insight into all the 
intricacies and the idiosyn- 
crasies of the Paraguayans. 
Sexton, who was put ia charge of 
looking at thdr attack, and 
Wilkinson, who kept both of his 
eyes on their defence, watched 
nil three of their games in Group 
B and has compiled an extensive 
series of comments. 

Both of them have e n d ed their 
riptioas with a note of 
They expect England 
fo win in die Azteca stadimn on 
Wednesday. “Paraguay is a very 
interesting attacking side,” Sex- 
ton has written. “They use two 
wingers oat wide and, with the 
No. 9 as their centre forward, 
theyare dangerous. 

“They have gamine pace «p 
front and they csoss particularly 
welL They attack those crosses 
with real determination and they 
are much braver and more 
powerful in the air than most 
teams of their kind, t particu- 
larly like the No. 9, Roberto 
Cabadas, who scored both of 
their goals against the Belgians. 

“Their No. 8, Julio Romero, 
is their star. He is dangerous 
when he Joins the attack. He 
plays fairly free and has a 

Fenwick’s stand-in 
is a vital selection 

goal-scoring record. Their 
No. 10,' Adoffina Canete, is 
prominent in midfield and their 
offensive qualities will present a 
threat at times. They wifi set 
different problems for oar 

“With theft two wide players, 
they are not the same as a 
typical domestic front line. They 
have the nsnal high level of 
South American technique and 
thdr speed and skfil makes the 
choke of Terry Butcher’s part- 
ner, in the absence of Terry 
Fenwick, an important 
derision.” It is, incidentally, 
between Martin and Stevens, of 
Tottenham Hotspur. 

“Although they have the 
Latin temperament,” Sexton 
went on, “they have a strong 
spirit and their beads wiD not go 
down if they are in trouble. We 
won’t beat them simply by 
frustrating them.” He printed 

Referees given 
extra time 

Mexico City (AP) - All 36 
referees will Slay for the rest of 
the World Cup. al thou gh the 
international body. FTFA, were 
expected to excuse the 20 who 
obtained the lowest marks in the 
first round. 

‘“This is the Year of the 
Referee, so we decided an of 
them should stay on,” Harry 
Cavan, chairman of FIFA’s 
referees committee, said. “The 
standard has be e n reasonably 
good. What must be condemned 
is the misconduct of the players 
— 82 were booked and six were 
sent off.” 

Alexis Ponnet. of Belgium, 
heavily criticized for sending off 
Jose Batista, of Uruguay, in the 
first minute against Scotland, 
has been included among the 
officials for the second round. 

• Frank Aroesen, the Danish 
midfield player who was sent off 
against West Germany in 
Friday's Group £ match, said at 
the weekend that his actions 
were "very stupid but not really 
serious.” Arnesen, aged 29. was 
expelled by Belgian referee Alex 
Ponnet with less than one 
minute remaining after kicking 
thrWesl German .midfielder 
Lothar Mauhaeus. 

Hopes are high as long as 
Robson’s squad is fit and, more 
to the print, rested. After Bring 
to the expansive lap of Inxuy in 
Colorado Springs and at 
Monterrey, they have come 
down in the world (albeit up in 
altitude). Their hotel on the 
outskirts of the capital dty has 
uo air conditioning and is de- 
signed for insomniacs. Car spot- 
ters who are eager to stay awake 
worid particularly enjoy staying 
there. The building lies directly 
between two main roads and the 
ooise of the traffic b so kmif and 
so constant that some players 
have been restricted to no more 
than a couple of hours sleep a 
night. A move * is bring 

Three of the party have at 
least been allowed to relax 
daring the day. Because of slight 
knee trouble. Batcher was ex- 
cused from training ou Saturday 
and so were Fenwick and Ste- 
vens, of Everton, both of whom 
are suffering from groin str a in s. 
Apart from that, E ngland' s ar- 
rival in Mexico Gty has gone 
smoothly so far. 

Shoot-outs could 
become feature 
of the World Cup 

Mexico City (Reuter) — The 
penalty shoot-out. seen only 
once before m the World, Cujx 
may become a, recurring and 
controversial feature of the 1986 
finals. The introduction of a 
knockout competition after the 
prrihnihaiy group matches and 
the needs of television mean 
ihar any of the. re m a inin g 16 
games may be decided by 

Even the final in the Azteca 
stadium on June 29 could 
feature a shoot-out, although 
one observer, reflecting on the 
furore that would follow such a 
summar y climax to the gamers 
showpiece match, sank “The 
first u me the World Cup final is 
decided this way will be the 
last.” The 1982 semi-final be- 
tween West Germany and 
France, the only World Cup 
match so far to have catte d in 
penalties; was widely regarded 
as a shabby end to a bold and 
exciting French challenge. 

In recent finals Jhe second 
stage has involved another 
round of group matches. But the 
group format has tended to 

encourage teams to manoeuvre 
for convenient results rath e r 
than go all-out for victory and 
the International Football 
Fe der ation hope the knockout 
formula win put an cod to this. 

Before penal ties become op- 
erative. there will be 30 minutes 
of extra time in games that are 
level after 90 mmoles. ft is a 
prospect that will c ause m ost of 
the players some distress given 
that Mexico's heat and altitude 

ha ve already taxed theft stanuna 

to the limit. 

Notable exceptions, however, 
are the Moroccans who see a 
protracted match against West 
Germany in the broiling beat of 
Monterrey on Tuesday as their 
best chance of upsetting the 
1954 and 1974 champions. 

Jeovaa .Vieira, a Brazilian 
member of Mornooo's coaching 
team, said: “Yon may have 
noticed that our players are the 
only ones in the entire com- 
petition who only drink when 
the match is over. *T am 
confident that we win be draw- 
ing at die end of regular time. If 
so. it’s a promise, we will kiB the 
Germans in extra time.” 

Mexico heat may 
aid Moroccans 

Quietly confident A relaxed Bobby Robson daring training 

Paraguay’s attack 
could be a danger 

From Stnart Jones, Mexico City 

out that they came from behind 
to draw with Mexico “when the 
whole stadium and the popula- 
tion were against them,” and 
twice to finish level with the 

stated that “on seven or 
eight days out of ten, I would 
back us to beat them but there 
could he a few goals about.” 

Cabafets himself disagrees. “I 
re spect England." he grid 
“They are one of the biggest 
football nations In tbe world and 
we would have to be at our best 
to win but, at the moment, we 
feel we can match anyone. It wiD 
be in teres ting to compare oar 

Front two should 
make telling runs 

Sft e ugHi g w ft h rtm«A«tf Fw glnml. 
They are strong defensively bat 
they will have to be careful about 

aroktog mk««V»€. PnnMKn and I 

have a good understanding 
through playing aorand the 
world with tbe New York Cos- 
bos, but I don't think there wiM 
be many goafs.” - 

WOltinsou has plotted the 
ways in which England could 
disprove the theory of C a h a fi a s; 
“They play very deep at the 
bade, maybe out of a little 
in se cu ri ty , and they leave a lot of 
faritiag space. England’s front 
two who played against Poland 
should be able to make telling 
runs down the channel on either 
side of their sweeper. 

“If we can hit long, accurate 
balls, that will pot ns in a 
position to have a go at them 
where they might be a bit 
vulnerable, at crosses. They 
won 't lie down and band it to as. 
No Sooth American opposition 
win be a posh-over here but, 
exciting as Paraguay can be 
going forward, I would be very 
disappointed if England failed to 

H Cerrito (AP) - King 
Hassan I! of Morocco, a keen 
supporter ofhis country's Worid 
Cup team, has asked tbe players 
to produce another exceflent 
performance in the second 
round of the competition 
against West Germany. A top 
ranking team official Antaki 
Abdallah, said the king has also 
promised royal celebrations for 
the players on their return 

The king telephoned team 
official to congratulate them 
shortly after Morocco had upset 
Portugal 3-1 to gain a sensa- 
tional first place in .Group F, 
ahead of England and Poland. 
Morocco became the first Af- 
rican team ever to qualify for the 

second phase of the Worid Ctp 
and now play West Germany in 

Team officials reported that 
Morocco’s qualifying victory 

against Portugal prompted mas- 
sive street celebrations in the 
capital Rabat, and in several 
outer Moroccan cities. 

Morocco have surprised 
everybody. They started tank 
outsiders but have displayed a 
tough defence and an ex c ellent 
midfield under the direction of 
tbe Brazilian coach, lose Faria. 

Zbigniew Boniek. the Polish 
capiam,' predicted the Moroc- 
cans had a definite chance of 
beating West Germany. “They 
play good football and could 
upset the Germans. Morocco 
has a tough defence and could 
also benefit from hot weather, to 
which West Germans are not 
used.” he said. 

Morocco played two of their 
three Group F matches in 
Monterrey, the hottest and low- 
est venue of the World Cup, 
while the Germans were based 
in Queretaro. 

Bearzot may change 
World Cup squad 

The Italian coach. Enzo 
Bearzot, has hinted that tactical 
changes might have to be made 
to contain France’s midfield 
players in tbe second round of 
the World Cup tomorrow. 

“I never change much,” he 
said, “but 1 have been studying 
tiie game against Fiance to find 
the right way of playrag-against 
the strongest mtdfirid in the 
world." ’ . . . 

With France haying four, su- 
perb players in the middle, 
Bearzot said: “You cannot stop 
them individually, you need a 
lactic to beat the whole team.” 

Tbe French midfield players 
are Platini, Giresse, Tigana and 

“I must be vague at this stage 
on my team's line-up and 
tactics, but I can say that 
Bergomi will play and that I will 
not be dropping a striker ” tbe 

IQBR^CT pjfl. 

The defender. Bergomi, had 
to sit oat a one-game suspension 
against South Korea after 
collecting two bookings in two 
first-round matches. Italy won 
3-2. Italian sport writers, never 
shy about taking suggestions on 
team tactics, are urging Bearzot 
to use one forward — the 
competition's top scorer. 
Altobdli — and a reinforced 
midfield to stop France. 

But Bearzot has rejected the 
suggestion. “If I pull out a 
forward it will mean drawing 
France closer to our goalmouth. 
They play with two strikers and 
we play with two: I am not going 
to change this.” 

Bearzot believes that if Italy 
are to beat France, they must 
“not only strip them bot keep 
our own scoring chances alive. 
We cannot play for a draw in a 

direct eliminating game.” 

The Italian knows that the 
midfield has made France a 
superb team, carrying them to 
their frrstintemational triumph, 
the European championships in 

“They have class, ideas: stam- 
ina and speed and I cannot see 
an single weak n ess in the whole 
team.” he said. He knows that 
France’s defence is “airtight, 
with a good goalkeeper, two 
strong defenders on the sides 
and two formidable and experi- 
enced men in the centre”. 

The French have kept their 
defence and midfield intact but 
made changes ra the forward 
line “because they move back 
and forth raid can get tired. 

“Argentina’s midfield against 
us was even more crowded, it 
was a human barrier of men. 
The French don't need to pack it 
that much because they have the 
class to get you in trouble with 
any of their players.” 

Opening round 
seen by 1.3m 

Mexico City (AP) — The 
World Cup organizers said on 
Saturday that more than 1.3 
million people attended the 36 
matches of the tournament's 
first round, an average of about 

38.000 a game. 

Mexico attracted the. largest 
crowds, playing before a total of 
333,363 fans in three maiches at 
the Azteca stadium — an average 
of 1 1 1,000 per match. 

But oddly in a tournament 
involving most of the game's 
traditional powers., it was Bul- 
garia who attracted the . second 
highest number of people — 

205.000 fans in their three 

The Bulgarians, stifl without a 
win in five World Cups but a 
second-round qualifier, had the 
advantage of playing all three 
games in Mexico City, including 
the opener against defending 
■champion Italy,' which drew 

95.000 fans. 

Mexico had the tournament’s 
largest crowd of 1 14,600 for a 
match with Paraguay. Tbe host - 
team also played before 1 10,000 
in their 2-1 opening win over 
Belgium, and 108,763 in their 
final 1-0 wm over Iraq. 

The smallest crowd was re- 
corded in lrapuato, whir only 
13.800 people watched Canada 
lose 2-0 to Hungary. Both teams 
failed to advance to the second 
round. The. secondnsmallest 
crowd, also in lrapuato, watched 
the Soviet Union best Canada 2- 



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Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Davalle 
and Elizabeth Larard 

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&50 Breakfast Tbna with 
Selina Scott and Guy 
. Mtcftefmore. Weather at . 
657, 71*7,757 and 6.27; 
regiona! news, ‘weather - 
and traffic at &57,7.27, '~ 
757 artd IL27; national and 
■ infemafionaJnews at7JJ0; 
7.30; MO, fcSO and SbOflj' 

. World Cup reports and • 

•nsfysfe-st 7.15 and 6.15; 

- and a review of the 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 
. . wasentetf by Anne . 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
Nows with Gordon 
Honwcombe at 6 JO. 750, 
750, i00. 850 and 9.00/. 

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K37. Pius Lynn Fauids * 

Wood's consumer report; 
pop music news from 
GtevpBiackneU; RusseB 
Grants horoscopes; and 
Anne Robinson's 


* Iff. 1 1 • 


news): World Cup news at 
650, 7,40, S40; cartoon at 
: 755; pop video at 755; .. ; 
Jimmy Greaves's 
television highHghts at 
*■35; interviews with 
British comediennes at 



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355 Praise Be! The last in the 
present series. In addition 
to choosing some hymns, 
Thora Hird introduces her 
own family. (Yesterday’s 
nrogrammeXCeefa*). 4.12 
" -RegrohalNews.'’ •' 

4.15 The Puppy's Further 
- Adventures. Last to the. 

cartoon series. 455. The - 
" Kids of Degrassi Street, 

' The last in the aeries of 

Newsround 5.05 Blue 
Peter. Includes results of 
the A-Hal competition. 

*t may changt 
3 Cup squad 

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#«»• m-" 

Opening ro: 


vi'fii in ! 

introduced by Bob WSson 
- and Emiyn Hughes. 

Includes action from fast 
.. night's second round,plus 
a preview of tonight ' 
opening matches. 

640 Hews with Sue Lawtey and 
Andrew Harvey. Weather. 

655 London Phis presented by 
■ Paul Barry, Linda Mitchell 
- and Caroline Righton. 

740 Wogan. Anna Ford is host 
and her guests are the 
comedian, Kenneth 
Wiffiams, author and 
publisher, Michael Korda 
and thriller-writer, Ed 
McBain, with music from 
The Housemartins- 

755 The Rock’if’RoU Years. A 
portrait of the year 1962, 
when the Cuban mtssiis. 
crisis brought the world to 
the brink of nuclear war. 
and Telstar sent the first 
live pictures to Britain from 
America. With recordings 

of Cfiff Richard and the ' 
Shadows, Gene Pitney. ■ ; 

- ' Eden Kane; BffiyTtuy, 
Pebia Clark and The 
• •• RMHioa tfi ^ S “' ' - 

8.05 WsYowMove. Amerkran- 
mada comedy series. 

850 Neff’s Befis. fothe second 
of a six-part comedy • ; 
series. Dean S^wyn - . 
Makepeace is outraged 


9-25 Thames News headlines: 
9.30 For Schools: Start of a 
two-part took at the world - 
Of dinosaurs. 947 Stop, 
Look, Listen: A birthday 
visrtto a zoo 959 Post- 
- nataLgoirtg home 10.16 
Philosophy in modem 
China 1058 A vi Bade . 

• community feces mange 
in Itstrsditfbna) fishing 
Industry 11.03 A visit to 
. Austria 1T.22 Junior 

Maths: ansttxly of • \ ■ 

. shadows, and howto build 
a simple sundial 1159 The 
French Programme: anew 

1240 TlcWe on the Turn. The 
Wide Awake Gang in a 
story about Freddy the 
Fireman 12.10 Let's 
Pretend to the story of the 
■■■ cactus who wanted his 
- back scratched. 

1250 Feeling Better? Bin Kerr 
BHott Introduces a new . 
medical series. The first -• 
part deals with the 
problem of back pain, and 
. examines the range of - 
treatment available. 

140 Hews atOne with Leonard 
Parkin. 150 Thames 

150 FBnr The Capetown Affair 
(1967). starring James 
Brolin and Jacqueline 
Btesei A thriller about a 
pickpocket who steals a 
purse from a woman on a 

unaware that the security 
police are trailing tier. 
Directed by Robert D 

345 Thames News headlines. 
350 The Young Doctors. 
Medical drama series. 
4.00 TickteontheTum. A 

shown at noon. 4.10 
Madame Gusto's Circus. 
Animated adventures of 
' an eccentric circus-owner. 
440. He-Man andlhe 
Masters of the Universe. 
Science fiction 

•- adventures. 445 The 
Little VampkeJOracte) 

5.15 Saint & GnravsWs World 
Ct*>. Jan St John and 
Jimmy Greaves with 
analysis, reviews of the - 
action end previews. 

545 News 640 Thames News 
. with Andrew Gardner and 
- Trida Ingrams. Weather. -I 

6.15 Coronatioft Street Denied 
access to Vera's new car, I 
Jack Duckworth finds a ■ I 

- . way to restore '- • 

Liz Lochhead, poet: Lip sad 
Connie, Channel 4, 640m 

•Although the US txxnbtog . 


9.30pm) rakes over mashes to 


why ft took place other than the 
Reagan-^ven reasons about 
Itisi te termi na fiQntoslopGadafS 
.dead in his terrorist 
tracks.The dues are suppSed by 
an unlikely source - the pool 
of top advisers to the White 
House, men who talk about 
America's attempt to achieve 

cathartWs by reversing the 

years©* humiliation that began in 
Vietnam and continued in 
Iran. Not unreasonably, Woffdin 
Action ends with a question 
that must have exercised the 
minds of everybody who 
detected more than a little of the 
Gung-ho spirit in Reagan's 
action In sending his bombers to 
Libya. Having picked a 
popular fight wfli his next one be 


against a more formidable 
foe (Syria is on more than 
person's tfos in tonight's 
documentary), and foutert out on 
more dangerous ground? 

TVs unprecedented West Indian 

over the years, and pick the 
XI that comes closest to his idea 

ot an unbeatable 
combination. Anyone could do 
tbat,given a library of archive 
f8m to play with, but it takes a 
man who has won the 
respect of players and 
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MONDAY JUNE 16 1986 


First pdriishcd in 1785 

Injury forces 

Connors to 

retire in final 

By Rex Bellamy. Tennis Correspondent 

Tim Mayotte was leading 6- Wimbledon and lam going to on two other occasions, and 

4. 2-1 when Jimmy Connors 
retired from the singles final of 
the Stella Artois champion- 
ships. at Queen's Gub yester- 
day. Connors strained a groin 
muscle on Saturday and after 
five games of the final it 
became progressively more 
evident that he was playing 
under loo much of a handicap 
to win and that, with Wimble- 
don only a week away, it 
would be foolish to risk aggra- 
vating the damage. 

It may also be foolish to put 
much money on Connors at 
Wimbledon. He is only three 
months away from his 34th 
birthday and. this past week, 
was resuming competition af- 
ter a 10-week suspension. He 
won five matches in straight 
sets and. in the process. looked 
impressively sharp and fit. But 
he could not last the course — 
and Wimbledon will be a 
longer and tougher ordeaL 

"Coming here and playing 
so many matches and getting 
to the final has been excellent 
for me." Connors said after 
the final. "If I was not up to 
par or did not get enough 
match play. I was going to play 
Bristol.” His injury occurred 
when Connors, playing Rob- 
ert Seguso. was under pressure 
at the back of the court and bis 
legs splayed out as he put up a 
lob. "I was hot at the time and 
it did not bother me. But after 
the match I was stiff and sore 
and had treatment Today I 
could hit one shot and gel my 
returns down low, but after 
that I couldn't move. It is not 
fair to me. to Mayone or to the 
people if I can't play the tennis 
I am capable of playing. 

“I want to stay over here 
and see how it goes. I don't 
want to play if Pm not 1 00 per 
cent but you know me ... I 
have a week's rest before 

see a doctor on Tuesday. He 
may say I can play on Wednes- 
day or be may advise a 
complete rest I shall just have 
to wait and see.” 

The fact that Connors made 
such an admirable, yet ulti- 
mately worrying, return to 
competition tended to over- 
shadow the achievements of 
Mayoue, whose last three 
victims were grass-court spe- 
cialists: Boris Becker (Wim- 
bledon champion). Stefan 
Ed berg (Australian champion) 
and Connors, former Wimble- 
don. United States and Aus- 
tralian champion. 

Mayotte's coach recently 
put him through a six-week 
conditioning programme. The 
idea. Mayotte said yesterday, 
was to make him quicker and 
stronger "Movement is the 
key. Against the top guys, you 

Results from Queen’s 

Men’s singles 

SEMI-FINALS: J S Cormors (US) bt 
R Seguso (US). 6-4; T Mayotte 

(US) Bt S Edberg (Swe), 7-6, 6-1. 
final: Mayotte bt Conn 

t Connors, 64, 2- 

: Mayotte! 

1 , retired. 

Men's doubles 

FINAL: K Curren (US) and G Forget 
(Fr) bt D CahSi and M Kratzmann 
(Aus), 6-2, 7-6. 

The sky was a spotless blue- 
grey, the temperature on court 
more than 100 degrees Fahr- 
enheit, though the flags on the 
high perimeter of the arena 
were rippling in a breeze 
denied to the players. These 
championships, like Queen’s 
Gub itself, become bigger and 
better and more congenial 
every year. Now we were 
offered the first 1986 Grand 
Prix final between the players 
bom in the United States (how 
limes have changed). The 
players provided an inviting 
contrast in personality and 
playing methods, with the 
extrovert Connors nimble and 
busy and blasting away with 
service returns and passing 
shots that nobody else can 
match, and the introvert 
Mayotte looking stem and 
strong and relentlessly con- 
centrating on short points. 

have to cover the court This is 
a big breakthrough for me — 
psychologically more than 
anything else. When 1 won the 
title at Delray, I didn't beat 
any of the top players.” He 
was referring to the only 
previous occasion on which he 
has won a tournament in the 
Nabisco Grand Prix circuit in 
Florida last year. 

Mayotte has a good record 
at Wimbledon. In five chal- 
lenges he has reached the 
semi-finals once, the quarters 

The spendour of Connors 
has been based — and with 
luck will continue to be based 
- on the anticipation and fast 
footwork that gets him into 
position with time to spare for 
exemplary stroke-preparation. 
Take the speed away from 
him, as was eventually the 
case yesterday, and he be- 
comes merely a very good 
player. But give Mayotte cred- 
it. In the five games that 
proceeded obvious signs of a 
Connors' handicap, Connors 
had four break points and 
Mayotte two — but Mayotte 
achieved the only break. 


Mrs Edgar lifts title again 
for double family triumph 

Liz Edgar, riding the Count- 
ess of Inchcape's inexperi- 
enced Everest Rapier, won the 
Next Ladies' Championship 
for the Queen Elizabeth II Cup 
for the fifth time at the Royal 
International Horse Show at 
Birmingham's National Exhi- 
bition Centre yesterday. Her 
record equals that of her 
brother. David Broome, in the 
men's equivalent champion- 
ship, The King George V Cup. 

In a double training tri- 
umph for Mrs Edgar's bus- 
band, Ted, his young Dutch 
protegee. Arts Rouweler. fin- 
ished runner-up on Olympic 
Dominica, whose superb 
jumping yesterday paid hand- 

By Jenny MacArthur 

some tribute to the three 
months spent training at Ted 
Edgar's Warwickshire stud. 
Veronique Whitaker, the win- 
ner of the competition in 1984 
took third place on Jingo. 

Although Mrs Edgar had 
always had the seven-year-old 
Everest Rapier "lined up” for 
the Queen Elizabeth she sud- 
denly thought yesterday that 
she ought to be riding Everest 
Forever on whom she has won 
the cup three limes. (Her other 
win came on Everest Walla- 
by). “It was Ted who said slay 
with Rapier," Mrs Edgar 
said“He’s such a careful 
jumper inside.” 

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She certainly needed to be' 
so yesterday. Victory came 
after a slow but clear final 
round against the clock — the 
same manner in which John 
Whitaker and Ryan’s Son won 
the King George V Cup on 
Friday night. 

Five horses reached the 
second round in which last 
year’s winner. Sue Pountain 
with Ned Kelly, winners on 
the opening day of the show, 
bowed out after hitting the 
first part of the double. An- 
nette Lewis on her bouncy 
grey gelding Tuiein also went 
out with four faults — leaving 
Mrs Edgar. Miss Rouweler 
and Mrs Whitaker to fight it 
out against ttae clock. 

Miss Rouweler. the first to 
go, jumped fluently and confi- 
dently but bit the same up- 
right which had caught out 
Miss Lewis in the previous 
round. Mis Whitaker, surpris- 
ingly hit the first fence and 
then opted for a slow, but 
otherwise faultless round. Mrs 
Edgar decided to gamble all on 
a slow dear. The German bred 
gelding, who won the grand 
prix at Names in France a 
month a©), never looked in 
any danger of hitting a fence — 
his careful jumping reflecting 
the hours of patient schooling 
which Mrs Edgar, a perfec- 
tionist has spent on him. 

John Whitaker is unlikely to 
have another Royal Interna- 
tional to compare with this 
one. Six wins have netted him 
nearly £19,000 in prize money 
if one includes the value of the 
Maesiro car he won on Sam 
Salvador in the Austin Rover 
Jump and Drive Chase on 
Saturday night. 

San Salvador was responsi- 
ble for three other good speed 
wins. Whitaker bad two spec- 
tacular successes, on Friday in 
the King George V and on 
Saturday in the Everest Dou- 
ble Glazing Grand Prix in 
which his sympathetic han- 
dling of the eight-year-old. 
Next Milton, was a fine tribute 
to the late Caroline Bradley, 
who had the horse as a novice 
and whose parents still own 
him. The last one came yester- 
day afternoon in the Lombard 
Silver Spur Accumulator 


the last I6ineach ofhis“bad” 
years. Yesterday nothing was 
more admirable, especially 
when he was in the forecourt, 
than the quickness of his 
reactions, the assurance with 
which he controlled the racket 
head, and the suppleness with 
which he bent his large frame. 





Straining to make a point- Jimmy Connors in action before retiring against Tim Mayotte. (Photograph: Tnn Bishop) 


with whale 


in race 

By Barry PkkthaU 

A collision with a basking 
whale may well have robbed 
Tony Baltimore i rf his chance 
of victory in the Carlsberg 
transatlantic race. 

The mammal, just one of 
many hazar ds fa ring the 43 
two-man crews as the leaders 
reached the third-way stage 
towards Newport this week- 
end, was rudely awoken by the 
speeding trimaran on Satur- 
day morning, shortly before 
Baltimore and Walter Green, 
his American crewman, were 
plotted in the lead, 33 miles 
ahead of Royale, the French 
85-ft catamaran skippered by 
Loic Caradec. Both creature 
and boat sustained damage — 
the whale leaving a trad of 
blood after- ripping away the 
leading edge of Apricot's 

With winds expected to 
swing to the south last night, 
the strong reaching conditions 
witi place less pressure on the 
British trimaran's suspect fio3 
through the jagged leading 
edge is certain to slow her 


Manny — 



(W Wab ctwrt s . Belgium); 2. Samanth 
Ouin. Netfwrfendsh 3. Marina (F 
Nuffel. Bewium). Clan 4s 1, Ftom 

Ike West 

— P r ank « w Raca: 1. 
‘ Geaves),34fir ISmin 
coined: I.Astarta 
1 2. Samantha (A 
' i (F van 
. Fiona al 
Bumlwm: £ Canonada (V Clements); 3, 
Oanonet (J Breaker). 

RESULTSJtext Lades’ etaa mp eo n- 
ahip (tor the Queen Qzabeth II 

Jingo (V Whitaker). 4 in 40-OSsec. 
L o m bar d Sflver Spun 1, Next San 
Salvador (j Whitaker). 38.21 sec; 2. 
Nissan Paddy's Son “ “ 
Ireland], 41.94: 3. Raffles 
n), 42-39. Evere 
Grand Prix: 1. Next Milton 


CA Cooper Corporation Hack 
championsbep: Dubose (R Oliver); 
Reserve: Fbxton Flight Runnable 
Chfld run's Rkfing Pony dmupton- 
sMp: Cham pen, Perryditch Ty- 
phoon (A Ctopham); Reserve: 

tannings Park H3 Star (£ Hflton). 

Voortrekker, skippered by 
the BOC race contender, John 
Martin, also had problems, 
this time with its steering gear. 
Skipper and Grew are 
faced with the daunting task of 
guiding this 60ft mosohull 
over the remaining 2,000 miles 
to Newport with the emergen- 
cy tiller. 

There was no position re- 
port yesterday from Royale, so 
race organisers placed Robin 
Knox Johnston’s British Air- 
ways L which had covered 
1,201 miles by noon in the 
lead, even though the French 
catamaran, which held a 47- 
mile advantage on Saturday, 
was expected to be benefitting 
most from the changing condi- 
tions. Yesterday's reports con- 
firmed that Apricot had 
slipped to third having lost 40 
miles on Voortrekker. 

Goser to hone, the balmy 
conditions experienced 
throughout Britain over the 
weekend should lead to a 
record number of dental ap- 
pointments this morning as 
crews competing in three 
RORC races return home a 
day late. 

Race officers controlling the 
160-mile Irish Sea race from 
Pwllheli to Howth In Ireland, 
and the 223-mile de Gmngand 
Bow! race from the Solent to 
Brixham and back, a selection 
trial for both the One Ton Cop 
and Sardinia Cap. were both 
expecting finishing boats 

throughout the night. 

Only the east coast sailois 
competing in the North Sea 
Race from West Mersey to 
Breskens managed to com- 
plete their coarse at a decent 
hour. The 186-mile race, also 
beset by light winds and strong 
tides was won by the Class 
Four entry, Fiona of Branham, 
an ex-102 skippered by D 
G eaves. 

Back on the south coast 68 
crews set oat from Torquay oa 
the first stage of the Yaektmg 
Monthly two-handed Triangle 
race to Tregtder on the Britta- 
ny Coast. This event, which 
has attracted unprecedented 
interest among cruising folk 
was led by Triple Fantasy, 
crewed by Petra Hopps and 
Vivien Cherry, who dropped 

Cram and Coe get ready 
for Edinburgh title bid 

By Pot Botcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Steve Cram took pride of 

oot of the Carlsberg eveat last 
ey were fol 

week. They were followed by 
the Signer 41 "Black Adder 
sailed by C Jacobs and R 
Greens lade and Baracnda, the 
first in a line of new production 
boats being produced by Sad- 
dler Yachts. The leaders were 
expected to reach the French 
port late last night. 

pride ot 
place this weekend for being 
the only one to compete in the 
three British international 
champions beset by injury 
problems with selection com- 
ing up next week for the 
Commonwealth Games. 

Cram and Sebastian Coe 
both wish to "double” at 800- 
1500m in Edinburgh, and 
were told, at least the selectors 
say the athletes were told that 
a good run at either of those 
distances for both athletes in 
the AAA championships at 
Crystal Palace next weekend 
would mean that their wishes 
would be honoured. That is 
the least that should be afford- 
ed reigning Olympic and 
World champions, who are 
both world record breakers at 
those distances. 

Cram’s recent thigh injury 
barely troubled him yesterday 
when he won the 800m at the 
Townsend Thoresen Trophy 
meeting in Ipswich, and he 
pronounced himself well 
pleased with his time of 
1:46.2s in windy conditions, 
and ready to run the same 
distance at Crystal Palace. 

But Coe foiled to turn up for 
the GRE British League match 
at Hendon, citing a slight 
ankle niggle. But his problems 
do not end there: For, having 
said prior to last weekend that 
he did not feel fit enough to 
run beat and final in the AAA 
championships this weekend, 
and would prefer to run a fast 
1500m in Stockholm on July 1 
as proof to the selectors of his 
capacity to run both races in 
Edinburgh, the selectors have 
responded by saying that be 
must run this weekend if be 
wishes to be selected for the 

Allan Wells is - the third 
British champion, with 
enough problems to go round 
half a dozen. With Wells, it 
seems more a problem of a 

state of mind rather than 
body. It is easy to characterize 
sprinters as nervous whippet- 
types perennially on edge, 
perhaps doe to the guillotine 
that hangs over them every 
tim e they settle on their 
starting blocks, knowing that 
the slightest error can contrib- 
ute largely to defeat. But after 
years of nurturing such fear of 
defeat, Wells seems to have 

Churning injury and illness 
as reasons for his non-partkri- 
pation on Saturday, he did a 
gymnasium training session at 
Meadowbank Stadium before 

Mixed fortune 
for Thompson 

Daley Thompson, Britain’s 
Olympic decathlon riwipinn, 
polled ont of die high hurdles 
race at the GRE British 
Athletics League division one 
match at Copthall Barnet 
stadium yesterday, complain- 
ing he had been distracted by a 
group of youngsters near the 

Thompson, who defends 
his European and Common- 
wealth titles over the next two 
months, was competing for 
Newham and Essex Beagles, 
hut an appeal to have the race 
— won by Wilbert Greaves of 
Haringey in I4.11sec— re-ran 
was turned down. Some conso- 
lation for Thompson came in 
the pole vault when he record- 
ed a lifetime best, dealing 
5.25m and finished runner-up 
to Keith Stock, the United 
Kingdom record-holder, who 
cleared 535m. 

100m. His further claim 
ihat,"there's not really any- 
body to run against,” was 
immediately contradicted 
when Elliott Bunney, last 
year’s European Junior cham- 
pion ran a superb 1030 
seconds personal best to win 
from his even youngs' train- 
ing partner. Jamie Henderson, 
17, who also ran a personal 
best of 1033. Wells also 
implied that his four gold 
medals should be sufficient to 
gain him selection but the last 
of those was fburyeais ago in 
the Commonwealth Games in 
Brisbane, and the chair man of 
selectors told Wells that he 
would only have an extension 
until a race in Madrid next 
Friday 7 night If be does not 
run, he will not be selected. 

anti in one case 
the tartan dan began their 
weary journey homewards 
from' Mexico m the wake of 
their losing team. Familiar 
though the experience may be 
after four successive first- 
round exits, tire tistiessness of 

gait and limpness of erstwink 
jaunty groose feathers were 
tough to stir the heart- 
strings of Mexico. 

After Sco t land’s engage- 
ment with Uruguay os Friday, 
thousands of Neatimfcoyoti 
natives lined tite streets of 
their over-populated slum, 
cl utching at Kilt bait s and 
;gging for autographs. . 

"The fittie children keep 
asking me to si&i then* Tuts of 
paper, so I write ‘Brace Ste- 
vens, Escocia,’ ” the 
aforenamed barman from . 
Glasgow said. “They make 
yon fed tike a s up erstar. Pve 
never been so popular in my 

Xt is tree that the eccentric 
get -19 and extravagant de- 
meanour of the Scots utterly 
won over the Mexicans. Most 
had never seen a man ma skirt 
before ■ 

"Apart from the three wee 
disppointmeiits (ie against 
Denmark, West Germany and 
Uruguay! we've had a wonder- 
fiil time,” Jimmy Bogan, one 
of eight expatriate Sorts who 
drove 2300 mffes in a 
mo tor home in three days from 
Toronto, said. “And you bet 
yonr hippy we’d do it again. 
We brought haggis aim a 
microwave and two 25-gaUoo 
drums of water. Bat the water 

Scots shanghaied 
by Mexicans 

Cram said after his victori- 
ous race that the muscle tear 
in his left side, although 
healed was still- preventing 
him being completely relaxed 
while racing, but he conceded 
that die late start to his season, 
prompted by the injury could 
only do him good if he faced 
no further problems. 

inflated it to a fear of failure 
altogether. He did not turn out 
for the Scottish sprint champi- 
onships on Saturday, having 
had the whole of the last year, 
advertised by the Scottish 
selectors as the period in 
which to prove fitness. In feet, 
Wells has not raced anything 
other than a sprint relay leg 
and an indoor 60m since the 
Olympic Games in Los Ange- 
ls two years ago. ... 

There was more success for 
his young training partner, 
David Sharpe, who was a dose 
second to Gam in a personal 
best of 1.46.8. Thai is the 
fourth best ever British junior 
time, and Sharpe looks to be 
peaking perfectly for next 
month's inaugural World Ju- 
nior championships, but he 
also intends to run the AAA 
800m, and could still cause 
Cram selection problems. 
Darren Clarke of Australia ran 
a fine 32.9 seconds into the 
wind ar Ipswich, and looks set 
for his fourth straight AAA 


racer dies 

Jorgen Askgaard, one of 
Denmark's leading powerboat 
drivers, died when his boat 
crashed in a world Formula 
Two race heat at Bristol docks 
yesterday. His catamaran col- 
lided .with an 8ft high dock 
wall at a bend then careered 
into a jetty. A rescue boat, 
which was on patrol nearby, 
carried a doctor with resusci- 
tation equipment to the scene 
and the driver was taken lb 

Bristol Royal Infirmary where 

it was confirmed he had died. 

Askgaand's younger brother, 
Claus, who was also taking 
part in the race, dived out of 
his boat to help when he saw 
the catamaran somersault af- 
ter hitting the walL The Dane, 
who was a car mechanic from 
Odder, was aged 30, married, 
and had a daughter. The heat 
restarted while Askgaard was 
being taken to hospital and the 
final brought victory for Chris 
Bush, of the United States. 

Final farewell 

Barcelona won the last 
Spanish League Cup when 
they beat Real Beds 2-0 on 
Saturday after their 1-0 defeat 
in Wednesday’s first leg in 
Seville. The Paraguayan for- 
ward, AmariUa, headed home 
the Catalans' first goal and 
Alexanko secured die trophy 
with a penalty. The Betis 
defender, Quico, and AmariUa 
were sent off in the second 
half . 

wasotiy to wash m. We Scots 
drink only beer.” 

While Englishmen lowered 
H ansen in Monterey and 
caused apabUe scandal, Scots 
were being adopted left, right 
and centre in Mexico City- 
After the Mexico-Belguim 
an extraordinary thing 
while two of us were 
sitting in ii wfe quietly mind- 
ing our own business,” Stevens 
said- “A truckload of Mexi- 
cans spotted ns and polled us 
on to the bade of the lorry. AH 
night long they drove around 
with ns. shouting *Escoaa, 
Escosa*. I think they Eked 
os.” .. 

The feefim was not always 
rautnsL “I can't wait to get ont 
of this backside of a country,” 
one- Scot, Bring an image 
snboMBdonsfy relevant to the 
source of his discomfort, said. 
And David McBride, from 
Edinburgh, had a nasty expe- 
rience in the Mexican subway 
on his way bade from the 
Azteca stsdnau one day. “I 
had my sporran picked,” he 
said, “and I didn’t even notice 
until 10 mhmtes later.” 

Entranced Mexicans began 
to affect tire chunisb — in 
some cases the cfamnish — 
style of dress. The Sanchez 
tartan was springing up all 

In Qneretaro a scene was 
played right ont of Romeo and 
Juliet, with locals filling -the 
town square in rapt and sflent 
awe whfle Scotsmen jostled on 
a moonlit balcony, swigging 

Used to drowning 
their sorrows 

Roma’s cap 

Brace French, the Notting- 
hamshire wicket-keeper, cele- 
brating his selection for the 
England cricket team yester- 
day. He replaces > Paul 
Downton in a squad which also 
indodes the 37-year-old Essex 
bowler, John Lever. 

Sampdoria will probably 
represent Italy in the Europe- 
an Cup Winners’ Cup next 
season despit losing 3-2 on 
aggregate to JRoma _in the 
Italian Cup final on Saturday. 
Roma have been banned from 
European competition . for a 
year following a bribery scan- 
dal, involving the dub's presi- 
dent, Dino Vida, although the 
club is appealing against the 
derision. - 

RESULTS: 1. C Bush 

(US), av speed 
J Jones (SB), 

John Woodcock, page 28 

Hutchings win 

Amateur win 

Joe Richardson, a- winger, 
notched 24 points as the 
British amateur Lions Rugby 
League team defeated Victoria 
32-22 ir 

32-22 in Melbourne yesterday. 

The Whitehaven player land- 
ed eight goals out of eight and 
scored two glorious tries as the 
Lions recorded their fourth 
successive win of their tour. 
Victoria held the Lions 18-18 
at half-time and moved into a 
22-18 lead soon after the break 
with two penalties. 

The English national cross- 
country ' champion. Tim 
Hutchings, was in excellent 
form on Saturday as he won 
the 3,000 metres in the Lough- 
borough Colleges match 
against the Amateur Athletic 
Association^ He ran away 
from the field to win in 7mia 

.. Sampdoria had won 
the first leg in Genoa 2-1 last 
weekend but. goals from 
Desideri and. Cerezo in. the 
return leg at -the Olympic 
Stadium sealed victory -for 
Roma. ' 

Turner excels 

Partizan title 

Partizan Belgrade won the 
Yugoslav football' champion- 
ship for the tentii time on 
Saiurday.beaung Zeljeznicar 
4-0 at home. -• 

James Turner, aged 20, 
from Bath, has won through 
from the qualifying rounds at 
the imperial athletic ground, 
Bristol, to earn a place in the. 
main draw for the Bristol 
Trophy which begins today. 
Turner beat Jim. Gurfein, of 
the United States; who is over 
500 places above him in the 
world. 6-4 v 7-6 . yesterday to 
earn a place in his first grand 
prix tournament. . ' - 

beer and singing lusty chorus- 
es of “Here we go” and 
“Bonny Scotland”. 

Now the carnival is over. 
“It’s a good job we’re used to 
drowning our sorrows,” Jim 
Hughes, of Motherwell, said. 
He stood downcast and 
shirtless in the Mexican sun, 
having given away his T-shirt 
to one of his impoverished 
little Mexican admirers. Bat 
Robby Phillips, from Glasgow, 
refused to be daunted. “We 
know we’re the best in the 
world," he said. “It would 
spoil it if we actually proved 

they set off in radiating direc- 
tions to Knwaxt, Hong Kong, 
Canada, the United States 
and; of coarse, Scotland 
whence they came. Sod Stew- 
art, the rock star, went back to 
bis. band in Los Angeles. 

Others regretted toe lack of 
television exposure winging its 
way back to Scotland. “I know 
the problems,” Jim Frame, 
from Motherwell, said. 
“There was a dearth of young 
Brazilian women in skimpy 
shorts in onr crowd. All we had 
was a bunch of hairy Scotsmen 
in kilts.” Still others thought 
they wo eld go to Acapnlco for 
the week to forget Some will 
not be going home at alL 

“I can't -believe my lack to 

have met sach a cracking girl 
like Nonna,” Stevens said. 

“We're engaged. She can’t 
leave her three sisters and four 
brothers in Mexico City, so 
I’m coming hack to her.” 

Even-in their darkest hoar 
(four years recurring) these 
extraordinary globetrotters 
were touted. They all had one 
overrating wish in common, 
“There’s only one tiling 1 ask 
now that conld take away onr 
disappointment,” Irvine said. 
“England losing.” ... 

Sue Mott 

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