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No 62,487 


Sonth Africa: the uncensored story 

3,000 arrests 
in massive 
police swoops 

By Paul Vailely 

A picture of a nation in 
f 0, turmoil emerged from South 
Africa yesterday as the first 
uncensored reports filtering 
out of the country revealed 
wide- scale attacks on church 
services, police laying siege to 
a hospital and a seminary, 
about 3.000 arrests of both 
white and black opponents of 
the Government, a massive 
police and army presence on 
the streets, and the white 
population rushing in panic to 
gun-shops to arm their vigi- 
lante patrols. 

Necessarily, in a country 
where censorship is strictly 
enforced, many of the reports 
were individually unsubstan- 
tiaied. But in combination 
they told the same story of a 
security clampdown of un- 
precedented proportions. 

There is said to have been 
shooting throughout the night 
-and explosions in parts of the 
country, but these seem to 
have been sporadic. 

Direct information being 
passed to religious organiza- 
tions. aid agencies and pres- 
sure groups like Amnesty 
International paints a picture 
of arrests on an unprecedented 
scale in an attempt by the 
security forces to pre-empt 
* , widescale street violence. 

Mr Wim de Voss, the 
freelance CBS cameraman ex- 
pelled from South Africa, 

She Star 

happens at 

Something happened at the 
University of the Witwaters- 
rand residence in Soweto hr 
the early hours of Sunday 

- censored news report from 
yesterday’s Johannesburg Star 

Memorial service 
Cameraman back 
ANC warning 

arrived in London yesterday 
and said: ‘"There are still 
demonstrations happening; 
there is much shooting, car- 
bombs exploding all over the 
place. The outside world is 
getting virtually no real pic- 
ture of what is happening. 

“Many whites have taken to 
their homes, armed to protect 

On Monday, the anniversa- 
ry of the 1976 Soweto upris- 
ing, there was a run on gun- 
shops in Johannesburg, he 
said, with “whites buying 
rifles, shotguns: anything they 

could find," but this was not 
allowed to be reported. 

Separate intelligence from 
South Africa confirmed this, 
and there were reports that at 
one primary school 20 armed 
parents organized a patrol in 
the grounds during school 

“The streets of Johannes- 
burg were virtually deserted, 
with people barricading them- 
selves in their homes." said 
Mr de Voss, who said he had 
film proving that the police 
are moving freely among 
black conservative vigilante 
groups and “even running 
with them". 

“I have a shot of a white 
policeman with a painted 
black face running from one 
house to another in the squat- 
ter camp, throwing petrol 

Soweto is effectively cut off, 
and few telephones are work- 
ing. There is an enormous 
police presence on the streets, 
with road-blocks which 
change location every three 

One black eyewitness who 
lives in Soweto yesterday told 
The Times, speaking from 
outside the township, that the 
police presence was so repres- 
sive that communication 
within the township was 

“The SADF (South African 
Defence Force) have massive 
Continued mi page 24, col 5 




How Israel's secret- 
service, the scourge 
of Palestinian 
terrorism, may be 
weakened by 


• There is £8,000 to 
be won today in The 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition as there 

l • was no winner 

• Portfolio list, page 
35; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 24. 

25 feared dead 

Up to 25 people were feared 
dead after a helicopter and a 
twin-engine plane collided 
over the Grand Canyon. Ari- 
zona. yesterday. 

Fresh look 

The time has come to reassess 
quantitative analysis in busi- 
ness. says Dr Simon Conrad of 
Manchester University in an 
introduction to 10 pages of 
General Appointments 

Pages 18-21, 36-41 

Home News 2-4 
Overseas 5-9 

Appts 2~8 
Arts 23 

Births, deaths, 
marriages 22 
Books II 

Bnsntess 2M5 
Church 22 
Court 22 
Diary 12 

Events 24 

Features 10,12 1 

Law Report 










Sale Room 




Span 43-18 

Theatres, etc 47 

TV L Radio 






Sit-in strikes hit 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
Black workers staged sit- -sures- announced l 

down strikes in supermarkets 
in many parts of South Africa 
yesterday in what appeared to 
be a protest against the deten- 
tion of trade union leaders. 

The strikes affected the two 
main supermarket chains, 
Pick‘n Fay and Checkers. A 
strike was also reported to 
have affected milk deliveries 
in northern Johannesburg. 

It is not possible to report 
fully on the strikes under the 
emergency regulations in force 
since June 12, which among . 
other things prohibit “news or 
comment" about the actions 
of the police. Filming of 
strikes is forbidden. 

The people detained so far, 
according to unofficial esti- 
mates, under the emergency 
provisions are believed to 
include shop stewards of the 
Commercial, Catering and Al- 
lied Workers Union of South 
Africa, to which most super- 
market workers belong 

So far the authorities have 
refused to disclose the number 
or names of people detained. 
It is an offence to name 
detainees without official 

Meanwhile, the South Afri- 
can rand recovered yesterday, 
to 42.5 US cents, an increase 
of 15 per cent on its level last 
week. This was seen as reflect- 
ing partly stimulatory mea- 

by the 
Government and relief in 
business circles that mass 
disturbances did not material- 
ize on June 16. 

In Pretoria, the Bureau for 
Information, which is now 
effectively the only legal 
source of information about 
unrest, said that three blades 
had died* in the previous 24 
hours. Two bad been killed by 
the police and one had been 
burnt to death by unknown 

According to the Bureau, 
one black man was killed 
when the police dispersed a 
mob which attacked a bus 
with petrol bombs in 
Soshanguve, in northern 
Transvaal. Another black man 
was allegedly killed in attack 
on a police vehide at 
Nelspruil, in eastern 

The Bureau belatedly con- 
firmed that two whites and 
187 Coloureds had been ar- 
rested while meeting in a 
church in Elsie's River, West- 
ern Cape, last weekend. 

Reports about a number of 
other incidents involving the 
police were put to the Bureau, 
which said it had no informa- 
tion about them. Journalists 
were told that it was illegal to 
report their own questions if 
the information in them had 
not been cleared. 

Gifts of 
in gas 

By David Yoons 
Energy Correspondent 

British Gas Corporation's 
90,000 workers, its 55,000 
pensioners and fts 13 mOtion 
domestic enstomers will be 
given preferential treatment 
when the corporation is priva- 
tized with a potential £5 billion 
price tag in November. 

The Government will also 
receive another £225 MlUon 
from British Gas in debt 
repayments once it is in the 
private sector, providing it 
with a total of almost £8 billion 
to finance its spending plan m 
the run-up to the next general 

Each British Gas employee 
wfl] be given £70 wort h of free 
shares and another £2 worth 
for every year of service. The 
corporation's pensioners will 
each receive £75 worth of free 

In addition, every employee 
who buys shares will be given 
two shares by the Government 
for every one they buy up to a 
maximum of £150 worth. They 
will also be given priority in 
baying up to £2,000 worth of 
shares at a 10 per cent 

The gift of shares to employ- 
ees will cost the Government 
np to £54 million. 

Consumers will also be giv- 
en preferential treatment 
They will be eocora-aged to bay 
shares by being given vouchers 
with shares bought entitling 
them to disconnts on their gas 

Mr Peter Walker, Secretary 
of State for Energy, said 
yesterday: “The British Gas 
offer for sale will bring within 
reach of everyone the chance 
to share in tire fortunes of a 
major and successful 

“The provisions mart: a 
farther step towards realizing 
an historic opportunity which 
will be good not only for gas 
consumers and all who wort in 
the industry, hot for the 
millions of members of the 
piddle who aide to own 

Mr JWalker also aunoenced 
yest&day font,’ muter tfcertggK 
latory price formula which wfll 
control British Gas, prices wffl 
be allowed to rise cadi year by 
2 per cent below the annual 
inflation rate. The inking 
formula announced % the' 
Government will be policed by 
the director-general of Ofgas, 
a statutory body to be set up to 
oversee consumers' interests. 

The privatization, the big- 
gest to date in the government 
programme, was initially ex- 
pected to produce about £10 
billion for the Government, 
bat since then estimates have 
been revised downwards with 
the most optimistic straesting 
a total income for the Govern- 
ment of around £9 million and 
the most pessimistic nearer £5 

Unlike the sale of British 
Telecom, which was conducted 
in two stages, the British Gas 
flotation will be carried out m 
one issue. 

Details, page 28 

New hopes of growth 

Industrial output in April 
was at its highest level for 
seven years, official figures 
published yesterday showed 
(Our Economics Correspon- 
dent writes). The sharp rise is 
in line with the Chancellor's 
prediction of a vigorous re- 
sumption in growth after the 
pause earlier in the year. 

Industrial output rose by 1. 1 
per cent in April, when manu- 
facturing output jumped by 

1.8 per cent. Officials warned 
that the latest figures could be 
erratically high, partly because 
of the timing of the Easier 
holiday. and that it was too 
early to say industry bad brok- 
en out of the doldrums. 

In the latest three months, 
industrial output rose by 1.3 
per cent, but manufacturing 
output was down by 0.2 per 

Fears eased, page 25 

Lady Helen Windsor and the Duke of Kent attending the fo- 
nerai of Olivia Channon at Kdvedon Hatch yesterday. 

Royalty at 

Members of the Royal Fam- 
ily joined friends and relatives 
or Olivia Channon, daughter 
of Mr Paul Channon, the 

Promised temperatures well 

The Duke and Duchess of 

Kent and Lady Helen Wind- 
sofewpre athonfrtbp congrega- 
tion of more than 100 - who 
packed into St Nicholas's 
Church at Kelvedon Hatch, 
Essex, near the Channon fam- 
ily home. 

Lady Helen had been a close 
friend of Miss Channon, aged 
22, who was found dead after a 
party to celebrate die end of 
history finals examinations at 
Oxford University a week ago. 

The coffin arrived in a blade 
hearse more than an hour 
before the noon service. 

Among the family party 
were Mr Channon, his wife 
Ingrid, and their other chil- 
dren — Georgia, aged 20, 
Henry, aged 17, and Olivia's 
step-brother, Valentine, aped 
26, from Mrs Channon's first 

Many student friends also 
arrived at the church. They 
induded Count Gottfried von 
Bismarck, a close friend of 
Miss Channon, who was 
among those at last week's 
party which led to her death. 

Sun today 
for ladies 
at Ascot 

By a Staff Reporter 
Weathermen last night 

Day at Ascot today. 

Joining racegoers wQl be a 
party of SO stadepts from the 
London GiffegC of rFasfaitin 
■ndergoihg an “Eliza 

Doolittle" transformation for 

the event toe girls wearing 
hats they created themselves 
in toe college workshops, the 
boys in top hats and tails. 

The heatwave of the past 
few days caused problems I or 
nurses at a Liverpool Hospital 
when they arrived for work 
without the regulation stock- 
ings. Hospital officials told 
them to pot the stockings on or 

face dismissaL 

. In Kent, a railway tanker 
wagon full of the lethal chemi- 
cal acetonitrile threatened to 
boil over at a marshalling yard 
outside the village of Hoe. 

A special chemical emer- 
gency. team from British Pe- 
troleum was called in to co- 
ordinate the operation and last 
night firemen were still spray- 
ing the wagon with water to 
cool it down and stop the 
pressure inside the tank rising. 

Forecast, page 24 

Royal guard of 2,000 police 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Two thousand police offi- Yesterday Deputy Assistant Scotland Yard win also be 

Commissioner Robot I ones, in liaison with the Army. That 
in charge of police plans for may mean that specialist army 
the wedding on July 23, said 
security for the 

cers, many of them armed, 
will guard the royal wedding 
next month of Prince Andrew 
and Miss Sarah Fi 
senior Scotland Yard o 
said yesterday. 

The arrangements will fol- 
low the pattern of strict securi- 
ty used at other important 
royal events in recent years 
and the police guard will 
include armed officers dressed 
as coachmen travelling with 
the royal couple along the 
wedding route through central 

That form of protection was 
given to the Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales for their wed- 
ding in 1981. 

event was 
constantly being evaluated. 

He said: “we accept we are 
all in a security situation. 
There is a general threat that 
exists in Britain and has 
existed for several years past.” 

Mr Innes refused to give 
anything other than general 
details of policing for the ' 
wedding. Asked abont the use 
of armed police, he said: 
“Appropriate people will he 
armed in several different 

Police marksmen are likely 
to take up vantage points, 
along the route. 

groups such as the SAS will be 
on standby during the period 
of the wedding; possibly in a 
unit near Westminster Abbey. 

The level of security and the 
risk from groups such as the 
IRA is being assessed both 
within the Yard and in White- 
hall by Special Branch and 
MI5. La the past, the police 
have checked the occupants of 
buildings along foe routes of 
the main ceremonials and that 
practice islikely to be repeated 
this time. Police officers- will 
want to identify anyone -in 
those buildings on foe morn- 
ing of the wedding, witb access 
to a view of the procession. ' 

Church may split in two over women priests 

By Clifford Lonsley 
Religious Affairs 

Proposals to divide the 
Church of England into two, 
one part with women priests 
and one withont, are to be 
debated by the General Synod 
early next month. 

■ While the “Church of En- 
gland A" wonld have an all- 
male dergy and be made np 
largely of traditional ists, the 
“Church of England B" would 
contain doctrinal liberals and 
a mixed dergy. At least one of 
the two would have to be 

That is one of several ex- 
traordinary options which 
have been designed to protect 
the rights of dergy and church 
members who are opposed in 
conscience to female ordina- 

It is expected to receive 
strong support from the most 

entrenched opponents of 
women’s ordination, ind tiding 
the Bishop of London, Dr 
Graham Leonard. 

The synod asked a commit- 
tee to prepare conscience 
clauses as a detail of die 
legislation for introducing 
women priests into the Angli- 
can ministry, but the result, 
one of the most remarkable 
documents in the Church of 
England's history, is likely to 
dominate the argument abont 
women priests from now on. 

The committee is recom- 
mending to the synod the least 
damaging of the options it 
considered, to allow areas of 
the chnrcb to opt out of having 
women priests. 

Even that would mean two 
sets of bishops and extensive 
“no-go" areas for women cler- 
gy. However one senior com- 
mittee member is proposing 
that they should make the 

division formal, with parallel 
official churches. 

Canon George Austin, who 
is a member of the synod's 
standing committee and a 
leading Anglo-Catholic 
churchman, said yesterday 
that the church he would 
belong to would be an affiance 
of doctrinal conservatives, 
high church and low. The 
other wonld probably be liber- 

The executive secretary of 
the Movement for the Ordina- 
tion of Women, Mrs Margaret 
Webster, called the report “a 
further attempt at scare 

The synod derided by 307 
rotes to 183 in 1984 in favour 
of the principle of women . 
priests. Opponents have beat 
conducting an intense cam- 
paign to persuade the church 
that the cost of women priests 
will be too high, and the 
Bishop of London has said 

repeatedly that the church 
wonld split in two on the issue. 

The report's si gntfjpaw* is 
that it is the first time that an 

should have the same right, by 
majority derision; 

• Clergy unable to remain m 
the church . should receive 

official body representing both “financial provision"— in ef- 
sides of the argument has feet, catnoensathm o 
taken np his and pnt 
flesh and bone£ on it 

The committee says in its 
report, published today, that it. 
is “our muted belief that every 
effort mast be made to pre- 
serve the peace and unity of 
the Clrarch of England". The 
rest of the report, however, 
reads like a commentary on 
how unlikely that is. 

Among its milder proposals, 
some tfwhkh are alternatives, 
are that 

• Bishops should be allowed 
to refuse to ordain women or 
license women priests in their 

• Clergy should be allowed to 
ban women priests from offici- 
ating in their parishes; 

• Church parish councils 

fed, compensation on leaving. 

The main issue raised by the 
report, however, concerns the 
relationship between a clergy- 
man who opposes women 
priests and a diocesan bishop 
who supports them. It sug- 
gests five posable solutions: 

• Each bishop- who ordainr! 
women should delegate his 
episcopal duties to one who did 
not It is that that the chair- 
man of the committee, Profes- 
sor - David M cOean, will 
propose to the synod. 

Bat the report adds; “There 
would thus come into being a 
separate line of episcopal suc- 
cession within the Church of 
England., in less than full 
comm on ton ■ with the Other 
bishops in the same church." 

Continued on page 24, col'4 

Student loans 
to come under 
iy again 

granii 'Review, to be 
chaired by Mr George Wal- 
den, foe Parliamentary Under 
Secretary for Education and 
Science, will be carried out 
along the lines of one which 
the Government was forced to 
abandon last year. 

It will examine student 
loans, a proposal which infuri- 
ates the National Union of 
Students, but is widely gaining 
acceptance in political circles. 

Announcing the review in 
the Commons, Mr Kenneth 
Baker. Secretary of State for 
Education and Science, said 
foe Government wanted to 
return to a system in which 
students were supported 
through a single channel of 
educational maintenance 
rather than through social, 
security payments. 

Mr Baker's announcement 
came as Mr Norman Fowler, 
Secretary of State for Social 
Services, announced changes 
in foe Government's plans to 
cut social security benefits for 
students which will reduce by 
about half the savings of £40 
to £45 million that ministers 
bad planned to make. 

The grants inquiry will look 
at financial support for stu- 
dents studying for their first 
degree. It will examine what 

Nicholas Timmins 

yesterday (Students need for board and 
"leqfjao*; lodging, and foe extent to 
pants /Jvhich this should be provided 
to give //from public funds. 

- This is the the 

Government's second attempt 
to sort out the student grant 
system, which is widely re- 
garded to be in a mess and in 
urgent need of reform. Mr 
Baker has taken foe opportu- 
nity as new Education Secre- 
tary to reopen an issue which 
was prematurely dosed by 
Cabinet ministers. 

His predecessor. Sir Keith 
Joseph, got into extremely hot 
water over student support in 
1984 when he suffered a hu- 
miliating defeat at foe hands 
of Conservative backbenchers 
over plans to make wealthy 
parents pay up to £750 a year 
more for student maintenance 
and fees. 

There were no surprises on 
foe level of student grants for 
next academic year. Mr 
Fowler's key concession, 
which followed vigorous pro- 
tests by worried parents, is to 
ignore the accommodation 
element in foe grant when 
assessing bousing benefit 

The NUS was scathing 
about foe announcement 
Miss Vicky Phillips, presi- 
dent-elect of foe NUS, said: 
“This is foe fourth review this 
Government has undertaken. 
The answer to foe problem is a 
simple one — more money is 

Benefit changes, page 2 

Fowler puts in bid 
for extra f 1.7bn 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

The Secretary of State for 
Social Services, Mr Norman 
Fowler, has submitted a bid to 
the Prime Minister and the 
Treasury for about an extra 
£1.7 billion on bis planned 
health budget next year. 

He is understood to have 
aftkftffor the .-additional sum, 
which represents a 14,6 per 
cent . increase on present 
spending, in his campaign to 
restore confidence in foe 
health service, which, with 
education, is considered by 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher to be 
one of the biggest priorities in 
the approach to the next 
genera) election. 

The. main items in the extra 
bid are a drive to reduce 
hospital waiting lists and in- 
creased resources for the inner 
city hospitals. 

It means that the requests 
for extra spending above foe 
£143.9 billion planned for 
1987-88 are almost certain to 
have reached a figure of about 
£7 billion, leaving the Prime 
Minister and foe Treasury 
with their biggest battle to 
hold down public spending 
since 1979. 

The Secretary of State for 
Education and Science. Mr 
Kenneth Baker, has already 
increased to slightly above 
£1 billion the bids for extra 
spending on education that he 
inherited from Sir Keith 

The Secretary of Sate for 
the Environment, Mr Nicho- 
las Ridley, is understood to 
have gone along with most of 
foe. bid left to him by his 
predecessor, Mr Baker, for an 
extra £3.2 billion on local 
authority spending and hous- 
ing and other capital spending 

He is thought to have 
pruned the bid back to about 
£3 billion by cutting the hous- 
ing component, which may 
yet cause trouble with Conser- 
vative MPs. Bui he had little 
choice but to accept foe £2 bil- 
lion planned for council 
spending which was required 
in any case to bring next year’s 
plans into line with what was 
being spent locally. 

Under a procedure intro- 
duced this year, foe spending 
ministers have had to account 
personally for their initial 



■ T 



Police call for CS gas 
and plastic bullets to 
counter petrol bombers 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

The police must have CS 
gas and plastic bullets avail- 
able for confrontations in 
which petrol bombs have 
become the weapon of first 
resort. Sir Lawrence Byford. 
Chief Inspector of Constabu- 
lary, said yesterday. 

Police assessments of the 
atmosphere in some inner 
cities showed that tension 
remained at a “worryingly 
high lever. Last year some 
forces reported that any police 
action in racially sensitive 
areas could routinely prompt 
a violent response. 

Sir Lawrence, commenting 
in his annual report for last 
year on public order prob- 
lems. said the level of violence 
inner-city disorder bad 


risen sharply, attacks on police 
vehicles were not uncommon 
and in other areas extra par 
trols have had to be mounted 
on once- peaceful weekday 

Looking at events at 
Handsworth last summer 
when two people died. Sir 
Lawrence said; “The chain of 
events which developed ser- 
ved to confirm fears that the 
degree of violence to be ex- 
pected at such scenes has 
advanced significantly. 

“The petrol bomb is now 
accepted by many disorderly 
elements as a ‘legitimate' 
weapon of first resort in 
confrontations with the 

The police had to recognize 
that in certain circumstances 
CS gas and plastic bullets may 

All forces now haw stocks 
of CS gas for public order 
purposes and criminal sieges. 

Fourteen forces have stocks 
of plastic bullets: Metropoli- 
tan. Avon and Somerset, Es- 
sex, Greater Manchester, 
Kent. Humberside, Lanca- 
shire, Leicestershire, 
Merseyside, North Wales, 
North Yorkshire, Sussex, 
Warwickshire, and West 

Other forces have laced 
resistance by their police au- 
thorities to the purchase of the 
weapons. New rules lay down 
that if an authority refuses to 
pay. a chief constable can go to 
Che chief inspector of constab- 
ulary and put his case to him. 
If the chief inspector amees 
that there is a need, be wul go 
to the Home Secretary who 
can make the bullets or gas 
available from a centra] store. 

be necessary. Events at Tot- 
tenham. when Police Consta- 
ble Keith Blakelock was killed, 
showed that: “Rioters and 
police must be separated by 
the kind of cordon sanitaire 
which baton rounds in partic- 
ular provide." 

Evidence from other coun- 
tries showed that unless riot- 
ers were kept at a distance 
from the police the level of 
injuries for the police would 
rapidly become unacceptable. 

“With this in mind," the 
report said, “and due to the 
stark escalation of violence in 
this country, the traditional 
equipment used for quelling 
public disorder may not be 

“Reluctantly, therefore, the 
weapons of last resort, such as 
baton rounds and CS gas. need 
to be available to the police if 
their use may be tne only 
means of dealing with major 
public disorder which serious- 
ly threatens life or property. 

In the past year the police 
service had improved its abili- 
ty to deal with public disorder. 

Hie report said, however 
“Whether the latest escalation 
in levels of violence is in some 
way attributable to the frustra- 
tion borne out of such police 
effectiveness is a matter for 
conjecture, but the harsh reali- 
ty appears to be that, far from 
being deterred by effective 
policing, the reaction to a wide 
variety of real or imagined 
grievances is one of escalating 
methods of protest." 

Sir Lawrence said that the 
“root feelings of alienation 
and disillusionment expressed 
by militant sections of inner- 
city communities are largely 
beyond the influence of the 

of the police 
prevent riots from taking 
place but will merely mitigate 
the most violent conse- 

The riots last year had 
shown that it was police action 
that often provided the trigger. 

Sir Lawrence said: “The 
police must clearly be alive to 
the possible consequences of 
their actions in such areas, but 
the law must continue to be 

police and any strengthening 
is unlikely to 

Report of Her Majesty's Chief 
! abufary , /SUSS 

Inspector of Const 
(Stationery Office; £8.50). 

£170m bill 
for DHSS 

MPs criticize rise 
in house aid costs 

The 15-momh dispute at 
the Newcastle central office of 
the Department of Health and 
Social Security cost £170 mil- 
lion. the aJ 1-party Committee 
of Public Accounts reported 

It welcomed the DHSS's 
derision to disperse its com- 
puter operations to other areas 
to prevent a repetition of the 
“disastrous” disruption, 
which has caused a heavy 
. backlog of benefit cases at 
local offices. 

The dispute arose because 
some computer staff objected 
to plans for new shiftworiring 
in an attempt to save £700,000 
a year. But the committee said 
that the DHSS “had a duty" to 
improve efficiency 

MPs hoped there would be 
no repetition of the dispute, 
wh ich incl uded an eigh t- 
month strike, and that every- 
thing practicable would be 
done to restore good industrial 
relations. Most of the dispute 
costs arose from extra Post 
Office charges, overtime pay- 
ments and staffing increases. 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

The growing bureaucracy 
underpinning the £4 billion-a- 
year Housing Benefits Scheme 
was sharply criticized by an 
all-party group of MPs 

A report from the Commit- 
tee of Public Accounts says it 
“disappointed” that in spite 


of its previous strictures and 
the feet that the number of 
claimants has apparently 
peaked at around 7 25 mil- 
lion. the administrative costs 
of mnn ing the scheme are still 

The number of staff em- 
ployed by local authorities to 
process claims for rent and 
rate rebates has more than 
doubled in the three years 
since the scheme's inception. 

They have risen from 4,550 
under previous arrangements 
to an estimated 9,720 this 
year, triggering a spending 
overshoot on the administra- 
tion budget of £30 million in 
1 983-84. The committee notes 
that the Social Security BUI 
before Parliament is aimed at 
tackling difficulties and sim- 

plifying administration. 

But it wants the Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 
Security to step up its scrutiny 
of running costs. The report 
also uncovers wide differences 
among authorities in average 
costs of dealing with claims. 

In ly 83-84 they ranged 
from £13 to £79 within inner 
London, while the caseload 
per officer varied from 251 to 
870. Parallel figures in district 
councils were £5 to £26 and 

The MPs urge the DHSS to 
launch a joint investigation 
with the Audit Commission 
and the local authority associ- 
ations into the factors behind 
the figures. 

They also say that they are 
not convinced that new ar- 
rangements for making local 
authorities responsible for 
part of their administrative 
costs by limiting direct reim- 
bursement from the DHSS 
will provide a real and imme- 
diate incentive to control 

Report on 
with DPP 

By Peter Davenport 

A police report on an inves- 
tigation into the businessman 
friend of Mr John Stalker, the 
senior police officer removed 
from an inquiry into the 
alleged shoot-to-kfll policy of 
the Royal Ulster Constabu- 
lary, is now with the Director 
of Poblic Prosecutions, it was 
disclosed yesterday. 

The file on Mr Kevin Tay- 
lor, a wealthy property devel- 
oper and formerly a leading 
Conservative in Manchester, 
is the result of an investigation 
by detectives which 
almost a year ago. 

Yesterday a spokesman for 
the DPP confirmed that the 
report had been received and, 
although he wonld not disclose 
its details; said that k was 
being handled by die fraud 

The outcome of die DPP’s 
consideration of possible ac- 
tion on the report may affect 
the progress of the inquiry into 
disciplinary allegations 
against Mr Stalker, the depu- 
ty chid* constable of Greater 

The two men have 
friends since meeting at 
parents’ evening at the convent 
school attended by their 
daughters 17 years ago. 

Sources dose to the inquiry 
said yesterday that Mr Stalk- 
er bees complaints of “nowise 
associations with criminals in 

Manchester" althongh it was 
hat Mr 

emphasized that Mr Taylor 
has no criminal record. 

Yesterday lawyers acting for 
Mr Stalker, who has been on 
extended leave for the past 
three weeks after the allega- 
tions, said that he is to meet 
Mr Sampson again next week. 

They said they expected to 
be told at the meeting, likely 
on Monday or Tuesday, the 
exact details of specific 

H es or that Mr Stalker 
be alkmed to return to 
his desk. 

There is a possibility of 
legal actum by Mr Stalker to 
secare his right to work if 
there is no positive outcome to 
the meeting. 

Yesterday Mr Roland 
Boyle, the deputy chairman of 
the Police Complaints Author- 
ity who is snpervising the 
inquiry into Mr Stalker, said 
that it could be at least two 
weeks before the preliminary 

investigations are complete. 

If they find there is a case 
for him to answer it could be a 
further six weeks before the 
inquiry report is presented to 
the authority and the Greater 
Manchester Police Authority. 

Friends and colleagues of 
Mr Stalker remain convinced 
that he is the victim of a 
deliberate smear campaign to 
force his removal from the 
sensitive Northern Ireland in- 

Earlier tins week the BBC 
programme Panorama riaimed 
be was removed only days 
before be was doe to fly to 
Belfast to receive evidence of 
MIS involvement in one of the 
killings that was the subject of 
his investigation. 

Shipbuilding cuts may 
put 15,000 out of work 

By Sheila Gunn. Political Staff 

Up to 1 5,000 workers could 
be put out of work because of 
cutbacks by British Shipbuild- 
ers, Mr Philip Hares, the 
company’s chairman and 
chief executive, said 

He said that in addition to 
the 3.500 redundancies at 
Middlesbrough. Troon and 
Wallsend shipyards by March 
next year, many companies 
dependent on orders from BS 
would be forced to lay off 

The Government’s an- 
nouncement of BS's redun- 
dancies last month caused a 
political storm. Mr Paul 
Channon, Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, prom- 
ised £10 million to help job 
creation and retraining in the 
North-east and other affected 

On average each redundan- 
cy at BS will cost £1 1.000. but 

company officials said they 
hoped many of the workforce 
would be able to get other 

Mr Hares told the Com- 
mons trade and industry select 
committee yesterday that he 
did not expect any improve- 
ment in the shipbuilding mar- 
ket before 1990-91 but spoke 
against further cutbacks 
which, he said, would make 
shipbuilding in Britain “a very 
small industry". 

He said he was reasonably 
optimistic that BS could at- 
tract enough orders this year; 
• Most of the workers at 
Dev on port dockyard have 
signed a “no strike" agree- 
ment in an attempt to secure 
the contract to refit the Royal 
Yacht Britannia. 

Most of the yard’s 12,500 
staff have agreed to take no 
action that would affect work 
on the yacht 

Kent company 
highlights the 
jobless gulf 

A company’s attempt to fill 
12 jobs has spotlighted the 
employment golf between the 
north and south of England. 

When the J J Group of 
Maidstone, Kent, advertised 
in local newspapers for MOT 
testers, engineers, van drivers 
and exhaust fitters it received 
just two applications. 

But after stories about the 
problem appeared in newspa- 
pers in the North-east more 
than 1,000 inquiries poured in 
from the region, which has one 
of the highest unemployment 
rates in Britain. 

The company is speeding 
the next three days in the 
North-east interviewing 100 of 
the applicants, whose desire 
for work has meant they have 
not been deterred by the 
prospect of greater bouse 

Mr Peter Rabbatts, one the 
company's directors, said the 
response had made his compa- 
ny realize the extent of unem- 
ployment in the North-east, 
where one in five is out of 

Willis plea 
to unions 
at Wapping 

The TUC genera] secretary, 
Mr Norman WQJis, has for- 
mally asked the electricians' 
union and the National Union 
of Journalists to use their 
“best endeavours" with their 
members at the News Interna- 
tional newspaper plant at 
Wapping to bring about new 
talks between print unions 
and the management. 

• Thai was decided yesterday 
at a meeting between Mr 
Willis and -five-unions repre- 
senting the 5,500 former 
printworicers in the dispute. 
Leaders of the electricians 

and journalists agreed to act 
"positively and speedily". 

News International's chair- 
man. Mr Rupert Murdoch, 
has previously affirmed there 
can be no more negotiations 
on jobs and recognition at 
Wapping for' the two main 
unions. Sogai *82 and the 
National Graphical Associa- 
tion, after the rejection of a 
£50 million compensation 

Andrew Ratdiffe, striking a pose with his portrait of the 

Manning ) _ 

Prince of Wales (Photograph: John 

Portrait for the Prince 

Andrew Ratdiffe, a little- 
known Lanacashire painter, 
was given the chance of a 
lifetime when the Prince of 
Wales agreed to sit fin’ him. 

The Prince was so delighted 
with the result he promptly 
bought die painting. 

The portrait, showing the 
Prince of Wales gazing out of a 
window at Kensington Palace, 
went on show yesterday at the 
National Portrait Gallery' in 

-“I -contacted the Prince 
some years ago. We corre- 
sponded about painting and 
portraiture and I sent some 
samples ~ of my work." Mr 
Ratdiffe, aged 38, was snbse- 

qnently invited to do some 
roagb sketches. 

“I got in touch with the 
Prince again about a year and 
a half ago," he said. The 
Prince agreed tn sit for the 
portrait, which was completed 
last anttunn. 

He said both the Prince and 
Princess of Wales seemed to 
like the picture. “I hope he 
feds be got a bargain." 

Mr Ratdiffe, who has his 
studio in Manchester, de- 
scribed the Prince as “a very 
easy sitter". 

The portrait will hang at the 
National Portrait Gallery until 
September on loan from the 



rejected by 
pit rebels 

Mr Michael DnffelJ, managing director of The Ritz. Hotel, 
Piccadilly, admiring 250 pieces of Nanking porcelain 
purchased for £30,850- Goests can eat from the 230-year-old 
china -at a special price (Photograph: John Manning). 

Peace overtures by the Scot- 
tish miners to reunite workers 
in the industry were snubbed 
yesterday by the Union of 
Democratic Mineworkers. 

Mr Ken Toon, president of 
the breakaway union, told the 
final day of its conference at 
Buxton that if the National 
Union of Miners wanted unity 
the best way for members to 
achieve it for them to 
join their union. 

“We will not be united 
under the present NUM 
leadership," be said. 

At the annual conference of 
the Scottish NUM iii Penh, 
Mr Michael McGahey. who 
retires in July next year as 
union president, appealed to 
UDM members to return to 
the main union. 

They must reunite as quick- 
ly as possible, he said, to avoid 
a disastrous long-term split 
which all the miners’ enemies 
were determined to maintain. 

In a radio interview yester- 
day. Mr McGahey said that 
although he believed it had 
been wrong for the UDM to 
break away he could -not 
regard its members as 
“untouchables". • 

But from Buxton, Mr Toon 
made it clear that the UDM 
intended to maintain an inde- 
pendent stand in its dealings 
with British CoaL 

The conference agreed to 
press for a two-year wage deal 
at least 1 per cent above the 
average inflation rate. 

The UDM won a 5.9 per 
cent increase last November 
and the NUM has yet to begin 

Mr Toon expected an early 
meeting with British Coal to 
work out a new deal which 
would start immediately. 

Benefit changes 

Big rise ‘B & B 9 claimants 

Minor concessions for the 
unemployed living in bed and 
breakfast accommodation on 
social security, and bigger 
ones for elderly and handi- 
capped people living in resi- 
dential and nursing homes 
were announced yesterday by 
the Minister for Social Securi- 
ty, Mr Antony Newton. 

The announcement came as 
new figures show there has 
been an explosion in the 
number of people living in bed 
and breakfast accommoda- 
tion. There are many more 
than the Government knew of 
when it introduced lower lim- 
its last year on the amounts 
that would be paid, with rules 
malting many unemployed 
people aged under 26 move on 
every two to eight weeks. 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

twice the limit -for a angle 

m £2/7 million in Those aged 
1983 to more than £500 mil- 
lion in 1984, Mr Newton 

Spending on board and 
lodging for the unemployed 
rose from £277 million 

Mr Newton said govern- 
ment- surveys showed that'the 
increase was due to the levels 
of benefit that were being 
paid, not to normal commer- 
cial factors, and that many 
landlords had reduced charges : 
since the new lower limits 
came in last year. 

As a result, no increase is to 
be paid in July when other 
social security benefits go up. 

But couples without chil- 
dren who were being paid only 
one-and-three-quarters the 
adult rate will in future receive 

under 26 al- 
ready in accommodation will 
not have to move every two, 
four or eight weeks, depending 
which area they are in. But 
from July 28 new-cJaimants 
will again be subject u> the 
lime limits unless they are in 
one of the exempt categories. 

The decision to reimpose 
the ^ time limits brought 
-warnings from bousing aid 
agencies and other pressure 
groups that their rcintroduo- 
tion win produce fresh hard- 
ship among the young un- 

Payments for old people in 
residential care homes, how- 
ever, are to rise by £5 to £ 1 25 

Police act 
on animal 
death call 

ail 111 

.in r 

Police yesterday reviewed 
their arrangements for pro. 
reeling the lives of leading 
vi vised ors in the knowledge 
that tonight on BBC? art 
animal rights campaigner w.‘; ; 
advocate petrol bombing and 
shooting scientists involved m 
experiments on animals. 

The BBC was obliged to lift 
its embargo on the content of 
tonight's edition of Brass 
Taos when it was learnt that 
the programme Mr Tim 


Daley, a committee member 
of- the British Union for the 
Abolition of Vivisection and 
self-styled chief of staff of the 
.Animal Liberation From, con- 
dones the attempt to. murder 
Dr Brian Mekfrum. a research 
scientist at the Institute of 
Pyschiatry, last January. 

Gun charge 

Anthony Harlow, aged 23, 
was remanded m custody fora 
week yesterday by magistrates 
at Dudley, West Midlands, 
accused of entering a house 
with intent to inflict grievous 
bodily harm on Gary Tudor 
while in possession of a .25 
calibre handgun. 

Mr Hariow, of Hillside 
Road, Wrens Nest estate, 
Dudley, is also charged with 
possessing a 25 calibre hand- 
gun on May 25 with intent to 
endanger life. 

Hippie alert 
at Stonehenge 

hr rcKV 

A huge police operation is 
to be mounted from tomorrow 
to stop hippies, including 
members of the dispersed 
peace convoy", gathering at 
Stonehenge, Wiltshire, for a 
summer solstice festival 
Both the National Trust and 
English Heritage have been 
granted High Court injunc- 
tions to prevent a festival 
taking place at the ancient site. 

S pace at tne anciem site, 
is to be closed to the 
public from- tomorrow morn- 
ing until Sunday night. 

Debts rise for 

toll bridge 

The Humber bridge, which 
cost almost £100 million to 
build, is now £256 million in 
debt, hs board was told at its 
annual meeting yesterday. 

More than 9,000 vehicles a 
day, mostly cars, use the 

£120m In 

The struggle to 
make ends meet 

Twenty years ago practical- 
ly no student claimed social 
security benefits. Today 

235.000 or almost half the 

500.000 full-time students 
draw housing benefit in term- 
time or the short vacations 
and 180,000 at any one time 
receive supplementary or un- 
employment benefit during 
the long vacation. 

The rail in the real value of 
student mams, down since 
1979 by 20 percent plus steep 
increases in parental contribu- 
tions which are not always 
paid, has helped . to push 
students towards the social 
security system. 

Today students claim about 
£120 million in social security 
benefits, a figure the 
Government's original pro- 
would have cut by 
between £40 million-£45 

The amounts students re- 
ceive vary from £2 a week for 
those able to claim supple- 
mentary benefit in the short 
vacations up to £29.50 a week 
the long vacations. Help 


with rent and rates can be on 

Benefit is claimed by more 
than 100,000 students in the 
short vacations at a cost of 
about £4 million. In the long 
vacation 300,000 claims are 
handled with an average of 

180.000 students receiving 
benefit at any one time at a 
cost of about £65 million. 

Of the estimated 250,000 
students living in privately- 
rented accommodation. 

1 50.000 claim housing benefit 
in terra and short vacations at 

cost of £40 million, and 

50.000 claim in the long 
vacation at a cost of more than 
£10 million. 

About half the 1 70,000 stu- 
dents in halls of residence 
claim housing benefit in term- 
time at a cost of £5 million. 

By Mark Dowd 

Carol Jndge is a 25-year-oH Politics 
mature student of politics and 
modern history at the Univer- 
' shy of Manchester and had 
every reason to be apprehen- 
sive before' yesterday's 

In spite of being on a foil 
grant, she works twee tones a 
week as an usherette at 
Manchester's Palace Theatre 
to make ends meet. Her 
mother is a widowed hospital 
cleaner and Is unable to con- 
tribute very much. 

The summer job is no option 
for her this summer as the 
lOJXXMrozd: handle, of the 
compulsory dissertation ap- 
proaches. “I need to be here 
throughout the summer to be 
dose to my. academic sources. 

“If benefit had been' ended 
during the long vaction, I 
would have finished np with an 
overdraft of over £1,000 at the 
end of my third year," she 

Carolyn ShflKto, another 
Manchester student, pointed 
oat that when students re- 
ceived the inevitable stern 
letters from bank managers, 
the summer job was by no 
means the obvious remedy. 

“Course requirements such 
as geography field trips often 
disqualify students from 
acccepting temporary work*" 
she said. 

Wendy Lohatto, a second- 
year student of Philosophy, 



and Economics 
Lincoln College, Oxford, 
more fortunate. Her father is a 
financial director of a publish- 
ing company and wife his wife 
pays the frill parental - contri- 

“It’s not that I'm extrava- 
gant with money", die said, 
“bat I do know in the batik of 
my mind that there’s always 
Dad tohelpme, and I do spend 
more than the £1,800 grant 
figure, in a typical year." 

Throwing bra* own good 
fortune into sharper perspec- 
tive. was the memory of 
friend of hers who was forced 
into taking two part-time jobs 
to- keep her head, above water 

The average cost of private- 
ly rented accommodation In 
Oxford is about £28, the 
highest figure outside London. 

Apart from the decline in 
value of the student grant in 
real terms over the past six 
years, cash flow Is another 

A student of classics at 
Braseoose College, Oxford, 
pointed oat that although he 
lodged his claim for housing 
benefit last summer,- the 
cheque for more than £200 did 
not arrive until shortly before 
Christmas. His father, a York- 
shire miner, had been on 
strike, so there was no ques- 
tion ' of returning with the 
begging bowL 

Estimates ~of how much 
students would lose from the 
Government's original pro- 
posals vary from £200 or so in 
some cases to several hundred 
pounds more for some Lon- 
don students. 

Aside from • the 
Government's long-term aim 
of removing students from the 
benefit system; a key reason 

for ceasing to pay certain 
benefits was the administra- 
tive cost. 

Mr Tony Newton, Minister, 
for Social . Security, said that 
£500.000 paid out in supple- 
mentary benefit in the snort 
vacations costs £1 million to 
administer, with £3 million tn 

iptoymerit benefit costing 
anbtber £1 million to pay out. 


Pupils ‘must be taught restraint in sexual relationships’ 

Young people should be 
taught the importance of re- 
straint and respect for them- 
selves mid others In personal 
and sexual relationships, the 
Minister at Stale for Educa- 
tion And Science. Mr Christo- 
pher Patten, said yesterday. 

Defending the Govern- 
ment’s plan to strengthen 
regard for “moral consider- 
ations and the value of family 

life" in sex education, Mr 
Patten said education could 
not be “morally neutral”. 

He also told a conference of 
Anglican diocesan directors of 
education in Croydon, sooth 
London, that political educa- 
tion in schools should not be 
neutral, but should promote 
“the fundamental political val- 
ues that sustain oar society." 

He said he believed that 

almost everyone would accept 
that sex education had to be 
offered within a moral 

“I am sure that none of ns 
wonld consider it adequate or 
acceptable for schools simply 
to teach pupils in crude terras 
‘who does what ami how*, 
and — as an afterthought per- 
haps— how to avoid the 
inconvenience' of an unwant- 

ed or unintended pregnancy. 

“Teaching about the physi- 
cal aspects of $exaal behaviour 
should not be separated from 
helping youngsters to appreci- 
ate the implications of their 
actions." The minister ac- 
knowledged that the Gov- 
ernments moves — an am- 
endment to the Education Bill 
and new draft guidelines for 
schools on sex education — 

co aid not offer an instant 
remedy to Social ills such as 
marital breakdown and vio- 
lence and child abuse. 

“I do believe, however, that 
appropriate and responsible 
sex education can. in the 
longer term, play ah important 
part in helping to create a 
social dinate within which, 
soch occurrences are for less 
likley to -happen," he SihL; 

Hopes rise for 
post peace 

The prospect of a postal 
strike receded yesterday when 
the Union of Communica- 
tions Workers, the larger- 
postal workers’ onion. recom£ 
mended its 143.000 members 
to accept a 5.8 per cent pay 
offer in forthcoming ballots. 

■finer.-: c 

Juror’s agony 

. The trial of seven men, 
accused of disposing of £26 
million in gold, was halted 
yesterday because a woman 
juror’s finger was too swollen 
and painful for her to contin- 
ue. She was taken under guard 
to a jewellers where her gold 
ring was cut off. - 

Man cleared 

Andrew Bowles- Duff a phi- 
losophy graduate aged 24, of 
Kingslake Street, Walworth, 
south London, was cleared at 
the Central Criminal Court 
yesterday of throwing petrol ■ 
bombs at the police during last ~ 
year's riots in Brixton. - 


c. ; ; 

Labour choice 

, Mr Keith Thomas, aged 57, 
a part-time lecturer and a 
member of ASTMS, has been 
selected as Labour prospective 
parliamentary candidate for 
Clywd North West 

Genera] election . Meyer. Str A J C IQ. 
23.285: Lewis J (L/AH). 13294: 
Campbell i iLaux 7.433: Rityiw Mrs M 
(PO. 1.669. C maJ: 9.989: 

£1 day out 

The British Waterways 
Board yesterday introduced a 
one-day “Waterway Explorer" 
licence, costing £2 for a 
powered boat, and £1 for 
rowing boats and dinghies. 

Prison attack 

Maurice Beekford, who bat- 
tered his stepdaughter,; Jas- 
mine, aged four, to death, has 
been attacked in Parkhurst 
prison. Beekford, aged 26, was 
slashed in the face, chest and 
arm. outside his cell in the 
segregation unit. 

Top scotch 

Chris Lynas, a Scottish wine 
merchant, has paid what is 
believed to be a world record 
price for a bottle of whisky — 
£1.265 .' for a 50-year-old 
Macallan malt at a Christie’s 
auction in Glasgow. 


Correction - 

Contrary to our report on 
June 10, New Hall college has 
had mixed fellowships since 
1971. and all advertisements for 
fellows' and research fellows are 
open to male and female 

Buytoc Ttaa Tka«S uilWl 

Sai». Belgium BFn 8ft 

S2.7S: Caaanc-. Pe 200; 
70 cents. Denmark Dkr ?.oa 

Finland Mkk 9.00; France Fra 3,00; 
Germany DM 3 .SO: Otoralcar 60p: 
Greece Dr 180: Holland ca^-SOs Trtoli 

Republic ook Barv l 2 . 

Lux em- 


. . 

_ Norway Kr- 

ggPt JvWan ISi Portwl Esc 
17ft Sing ap ore te-SP: Spain cm 200: 
Sweden 9.00. SwltwrlMd S 

Francs 3.00: Tunisia Dm aOjOtt USA 
51.75: Yugoslavia Din aoo. 

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1^ Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
The Dumber of blacks in fice-of the prison population involving 
prison is excessively dispro- over a two-year period. those inv 

portionaie to their number in .They are part of a govern- Indian 01 
the population, according 10 meni initiative for ethnic involve ct 
the first Home Office survey monitoring throughout the Butin, 
of ethnic groups, in prison criminal justice system, and shows tha 
sterday- similar surveys -are underway subcontin 

The figures show that on on the probation service, over repi 

The figures show that on on the probation service, 
average thee are 10 times as . magistrates' courts and the 
.’■I'A,, many blacks ofWest Indian or prison service. 

^ ’ African origin as a proportion The statistics show a wide 

,v ’ kitiit of the prison population than variation between .ethnic 

.7* .•*» cr-,l*i Whites: they comprise .8 per groups and the types of of- 

cent of males and 12 per cent 
of females compared with 1 

fence committed. 

The proportion of West 

per cent and 2 per cent in the ' Indian/African blacks is re la- 


•r 3-., ‘ general population. 

: / ,% : The figures also show that 

.:- r.^ those of West Indian and 

. ’ African origin tend to serve 
T pL ‘ longer sentences, have fewer 
v -l% -previous convictions and are 
»S» n j - ^less likely to be granted bail 
'dQ(j before triaL 

n. But the survey also shows 

^r. j..j that many of their offences are 

. more serious. 

>. . • . About half of the 51 West. 

eri^' i ' r " -htdian/Afncan blacks- aged 
: T! . over 21 T for example, convict- 
ed of sexual offences, were 
. I found guilty of rape compared 

,1.,’/'- r: with about 1 30 white prison- 
„* A . ers out of nearly 900 sentenced 

£'*• r for sexual offences. 

.. > V---. The statistics are the result 
. ‘ ; of the first ethnic monitoring 

. * ••t-:' undertaken by the Home Of 

Ui PPieal 

lil Sionet. 

lively high for drug offences 
(19 per cent), and robbery (18 
ptff cent). But h is low for 
criminal damage (3 per cent) 
and burglary (4 per cent).. 

That partly explains varia- 
tions in sentence: those range 
front an average for sexual 
offences of 40 mo nths for the 
West Indian/African blacks to 
25 months for whiles. 

Again, among drug of- 
fences. sentences vary on av- 
erage, from about 27 months 
for whites, through 23.5 
months for West Indian/Af- 
ricans to five years for those 
from the Indian subcontinent. 

One explanation, the Home 
Office says, is that the drug 
offences among West Indians 
are most likely to be those 

The legal profession 

involving .cannabis, while 
those involving prisoners of 
Indian origin, are likely to 
involve cocaine. 

But in general, the survey 
shows that prisoners of Indian 
subcontinent origin are not 
over represented compared 
with the general population, 
comprising about 2 per cent in 
prisons compared with 3 per 
cent in the generaipopulation. 

Among other offences, there 
was also a longer average 
sentence for West 
Indian/Africans aged 21 or 
over of 1 5.5 months compared 
.with 8.5 months for whites. 
But the survey points out that 
98 per cent of whites were 
sentenced for motoring of- 
fences compared with only 60 
per cent of the West 
Indian/African group. 

Yesterday the Home Office 
said the figures were not 
conclusive as to whether there 
was discrimination by courts 
and.the probation service. But 
they raised questions. 

Officials welcomed the sta-. 
tistics as providing the “first 
firm base line of information" 
against which to direct train- 
ing and management of the 
prison service. That was im- 
portant where discrimination 
was perceived to exist. 

Bar rejects solicitors’ plan 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
Bar leaders will call today ence; and direct access by Solicitors would also make 




for the “outright rejection" of 
: proposals from solicitors to 
abolish the restrictive prac- 
tices dividing the two 
branches of the legal prof- 

In their first full response to 
the controversial discussion 
paper. Lawyers and the 
, Courts, issued by a Law 
Society committee earSer this 
year, the Bar leaders say that 
its proposals could mean there 
_ would “soon be no Bar”. 

They attack the proposals as 
“ill thought out”, contrary to 
the public interest and liable 
to create new restrictive prac- 

The proposals envisage a 
common education and train- 

clients to advocates. 

- They also envisage s much- 
reduced Bar of specialist advo- 
cates, perhaps half its size. 

In a response published in 
the Law Society Gazette to- 
day, Mr Robert Alexander, 
QC, the Bar chairman, and 
Lord Rawlinson of Ewell, QC 
president of the Senate of the 
Inns of Court, say that any 
objective reading of the pro- 
posal ought to lead to their 
outright rejection. 

They would . not allow law- 
yers to become barristers until 
they are in their late twenties, 
the response says. 

At that stage; with financial 
and family commitments, few 
would in practice choose to 

i hipesrt 

: Oil 

ing for all lawyers; rights -of move from the firm of solici- 
Sudience for all lawyers in all tors with whom they were 
courts, limited only by expai- training. ; 

Northern courts at top 




Crown courts in the north- 
east of England are die most 
efficient in the country because 
northerners are more wHfing 
to plead guilty, it was claimed 

A study of the North- 
Eastern Circuit, which covers 
courts from Doncaster to the 
Scottish border, was carried 
out recently by the Lord 
C hancell or's Department. 

It shows that last year the 
circuit handled more cases 
with fewer resowces than any. 
other area. 

The prime reason for its 
success is the large proportion 
of guilty pleas, according to 
the circuit's administrator, Mr 
Michael Hnebner. 

There was- ho clear reason 
for the large number of gultty 
ideas, although it was often 
attributed to The robustness” 
of northern judges and lawyers 
and “a good douop of northern 
common sense” on the part of 
defendants, he said. 

The dradfs workload has 
almost donMed in the past six 
years from 8,662 cases com- 
mitted for trial in 1979 to 
15,095 last year. 

Cases In which defendants 
are in custody take an average 
of nine weeks to come to court 
in the North-east compared 
with a national average wait of 
10.1 weeks. 

every effort to secure the 
continuing services of their 

. Although the Law Society 
paper “obliquely recognizes” 
that by suggesting the possible 
need for a fond to. help those 
in early years at the Bar, no 
detaUs are given and no 
explanation as to why the 
profession should consider 
that a sensible imposition, it 

“The practical consequence 
would be that there would 
soon be no Bar, whether 
specialist or providing run-of- 
the-mill advocacy. The pro- 
posals would therefore fell to 
achieve what is said to be its 

Solicitors would be forced 
to turn to other firms for the 
services they ; cannot provide 
and which they used to obtain 
from the Bar, it saysL 
, Other criticisms are that the 
criteria for quahfication as a 
barrister are unspecified; and 
that the proposals are contrary 
to the view of the Royal 
Commission on Legal Ser- 
vices that there should be no 
extension of the rights of 
audience of solicitors gen- 

In a foreword, Mr Alexan- 
der says that “we have no wish 
to be in dispute with 
solicitors”. But he urges solici- 
tors not to “seek to weaken, or 
dimmish, the Bar” and in- 
stead to address “vital issues” 

The present division be- 
tween the profession, be says, 
was not in the interests of 
lawyers, but in the public 

Mr Outer fishing on Clywedog reservoir yesterday with Mr Moc Morgan 

to Dylan 

By Tim Jones 

Mr Jimmy Carter, the for- 
mer president of the United 
States, brushed off die threat 
of Libyan terrorism in Britain 
yesterday when be kept a 
promise to himself and visited 
Laugharne, Dyfed. home of 
Dylan Thomas, the poet, 
whom he considers to be the 
century's greatest. 

His message to American 
tourists was: “Come over — 
you are much safer in Britain 
than you are in many places in 
the United States.” 

The former president, his 

wife Mrs Rosalynn Carter, „ ^ . T 

and their daughter, Amy, ar- Former President Carter with his wife in Laugharne 
rived at St Martin's Chinch, plain overgrown wooden cross Carmarthen Bay, and Brown's 
where Thomas is buried, ac- ami then walked through the Hotel, where Thom 
companied by force American village, exchanging pleasant- held court During hi 
Secret Servicemen and four ries with mothers and patting holiday in Wales he 1 
Special Branch officers. Mr their babies. At foe local rising early to go fish 
Carter, who was instrumental chemist's shop, his wife bis friend. Dr Peter B 
in getting a plaque to his hero bought a packet of Oower Washington-based ex 
put up in Westminster Abbey, seeds. He went on to foe Third World health p 
paid his respects before the shrine, foe boathouse, above who has a home in Dj 

and then walked through the 
village, exchanging pleasant- 
ries with mothers and patting 
their babies. At foe local 
chemist's shop, his wife 
bought a packet of Oower 
seeds. He went on to foe 
shrine, foe boathouse, above 

Hotel, where Thomas once 
held court. During his week's 
holiday in Wales he has been 
rising early to go fishing with 
bis friend. Dr Peter Bonnie, a 
Washington-based expert on 
Third World health problems 
who has a home in Dyfed. 

knowing of 
arms store 

A Scotsman told the Central 
Criminal Court yesienday that 
he had “no idea” his lodgers 
were an IRA active service 
unit plotting to explode 
bombs across Britain. 

Mr John Boyle, aged 26, 
who let a room at James Gray 
Street, Glasgow, to Patrick 
Magee and three others in an 
IRA cell said: “I had no 
suspicions they were anything 
to do with the IRA.” 

In cross-examination by Mr 
Roy Arolot, for the pr 9 secu- 
tion. Mr Boyle said he did not 
suspect Magee, aged 35, Ge- 
i raid McDonnell, aged 34, 

1 Martina Anderson, aged 23, 
and Ella O'Dwyer, aged 26, 
during the three months they 
occupied the room. 

“Are you saying that some- 
how they got guns and almost 
1 40 pounds of explosives, into 
that room without you 
knowing?” Mr Am lot asked. 

Mr Boyle replied: “I was 
seldom at James Gray Street.” 

Mr Boyle has admitted 
hiding bomb-making equip- 
ment and arms in the cellar at 
James Gray Street after the 
IRA team was arrested. 

But he denies procuring, 
counselling, aiding, abetting 
or being an accessory to the 
commission of crime by 
Magee and the others. 

He also denies possessing or 
controlling explosive sub- 
stances with intent to endan- 
ger life and denies being an 
accessory by secreting materi- 
als for causing explosions in 
his cellar. 

Mr Boyle said he did not 
look at the materials when be 
spent half an hour transferring 
them to the cellar. 

Mr Aralot: “You held out at 
the police station for three 
days and you did not tell them 
what you had done with the 
materials you found” 

| Cyclists 
benefit in 
new road 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Cyclists, pedestrians and 
motor-cyclists are expected to 
benefit from proposed revi- 
sions to the Highway Code put 
before Parliament yesterday. 

Mr Peter Bottomley, a ju- 
nior minister at the Depart- 
ment of Transport, said in a 
Commons written reply that 
the first big changes in eight 
years would benefit cyclists 
and the move acknowledged 
the contribution that cycling 
organizations made to his 

There will be added refer- 
ences to two-wheel travellers 
which include advice to mo- 
torists on overtaking, crossing 
bus and cycle lanes and turn- 
ing at junctions. 

Other proposed changes in- 
clude advice to motorists not 
to use hand-held car tele- 
phones or microphones when 
they are driving and increased 
warnings about the dangers of 
drunken driving. 

■ Other topics covered are 
measures to prevent car theft, 
protective clothing for motor- 
cyclists and detailed advice on 
child safety in cars. 

The Department of Trans- 
port predicted that the revised 
code would be in use by mid- 

Record losses 
mean rise in 
motor cover 

Substantial increases in mo- 
tor insurance were forecast by 
Mr Brian Corby, chairman of 
the Association of British 
Insurers, after record under- 
writing losses were revealed 
yesterday for 1985. 

Worldwide underwriting 

Mr Boyle: “I look it for losses on the motor account 

granted they would find it." 
The trial continues today. 

Builders urged to develop land in inner cities 

- Open countryside account- “There is tremei 
ed for little more than half of for development in urban 
the land used for housing in areas, and we are right to urge 
England last year, the Govern- housebuilders, in particular, 
ment announced yesterday. to look for it,” he said at a 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 
“There is tremendous scope from farmland and a tenth 

tUi; G*" 

Overcrowding Three are sent Police reopen 
forces home to for trial on inquiry into 
destroy dogs rape charge poly attack 


; -Jit- r- 

-t 1 

-f* ‘.-i ■ ,mi • 

t, i U*. 

L destroy dogs 

The home for dogs and cats 
in Battersea, south London, 
• took in more than 20,500 dogs 
last year and overcrowding in 
the kennels forced it to destroy 
almost 9.000 animals. 

In its 125th annual report, 
the home said that more 
people were dumping their 
pets, so sentencing them to 

“Nothing much seems to 
have changed since the home 
was formed 125 years ago”. 
Mr Thomas Field-Fisher, the 
chairman, said. 

- The problem then, he said, 
was paying foe licence fee. 
Nowadays, when that was no 
longer a problem, it was 
simply heart! essness. Over- 
crowding at foe home is 
exacerbated because fewer 
people reclaim theirpets. Less 
than 14 per cent of dogs taken 
into foe home last year were 
returned to their owners. 

Colonel Henry Sweeney, the 
home's director general, said: 
“It is depressing seeing the 
figure of claims dropping, 
underlining our contention 
that the large majority of dogs 
are not lost or strays but dogs 
turned out by their owners as 
not wanted. 

“It's a telling commentary 
on our society” 

He added, however “Indi- 
cations we have so for seem to 
suggest foe number of dogs 
rehomed will go up and the 
numbers destroyed will go 

The number of cats received 
by Battersea fell slightly from 
6$1 to 618 last year. 

Three men charged with 
rape ar a vicarage in Ealing; 
west London, on March 6 this 
year were .committed for trial 
to the Central Criminal Court 
in custody by. magistrates at 
Acton, west London, 

vironment, which is responsi- 
ble for planning, said the 
figures showed there . was plen- 
ty ofboiidmg land available in 
the. inner cities. » 

‘a Walter 

Taki Theodoracopulos, a 
society columnist, was “at best 
a Walter Mitty figure living 
out bis fantasies or at worst a 
pathological liar”, a QC told a 
High Court libel jury yes- 

“After so many years of 
making malicious and un- 
founded attacks on people; he 
now cannot tell right from 
wrong or feet from fioion.” 

Mr Theodoracopulos had 
used his “High Life” column 
in The Spectator magazine to 
get his own back on Mrs 
Rosemarie Married-Riviere, a 
wealthy woman, for throwing 
him out ofberlunch party, her 
counsel, Mr Richard Hartley, 
QC said. 

! The police are to reopen Mrs Marrie-Riviere, aged 
1 foeir investigation into a rag -who lives in St Moritz, 
week »♦>»<*, allegedly by five Switzerland, is claiming dam- 
students, on a woman law &££$ over a “cruel and 
lecturer at North East London malicious” article written by 

Lord Elton, Minister of conference in London. 

State, Department of the En- The figures were the first of 

a series in which the Govern- 
ment wants , to show how the 
use offend is changing. 

Nearly half of the area used 
Jor housing last-year came 

from other countryside, in- 
cluding woodland and paries. 
Almost a quarter was vacant 
urban fend and a fifth had 
been used previously for hous- 
ing or industry. 

Lord Ellon said that new 
government pfenning powers, 
replacing some held by foe 
defunct Greater London 
Council, would operate with- 

out public consultation. Lon- 
doners would be able to 
comment before draft govern- 
ment guidelines were made 
final next year. 

He claimed it was “perfectly 
proper” for foe Government 
to apply new powers without 
consulting local people when 
they were used. “This country 
has been held up by bureau- 
cratic procedures for so long.” 

for last year rose from 
£565 million to £732 million 
while net premium income 
rose only marginally. Overall 
underwri li ng losses worldwide 
were 16.1 per cent with foe 
UK showing foe worst perfor- 
mance producing a loss of 
more than 17 per cent on 
motor insurance business. 

According to foe association 
estimates, premiums for mo- 
tor cover are increasing at foe 
rate of about 20 per cent a 

Earlier this month both 
Royal Insurance and General 
Accident, leading motor insur- 
ers, announced substantial in- 
creases in motor premiums. 





Polytechnic, it was disclosed 

A spokesman said foe inqtri- 

The men are. also-, charged ry was prompted by the college 
with aggravated burglary with lecturers' union, Natfhe, 


• Two of the men are also 
charged with assault on the 
vicar and another man at the 
house, causing grievous bodily 
harm. That charge was with- 
drawn against the third man 
by foe prosecution. 

which has taken up foe case 
for Miss Pamela Symes, aged 
37. On Monday Miss Symes 
is to go into hospital for a week 
of further tests on her bade, 
which was injured. 

The police said foe inquiry 
would take several weeks. A 

Sexton Bignall, aged- 44, of [spokesman said: “The prob- 

Walcot House, Albrighton 
Road, East Dulwich, south 
London, and Jacqueline 
Defelice, aged 36, of Limes 
Walk, Ealing, were committed 
for trial accused of handling 
stolen goods, allegedly token 
from foe - vicarage. Miss 
Defelice is further charged 
with intending 10 pervert the 
course of justice. 

MrBignall and. Miss 
Defelice arc on bail and the 
three other defendants are In 

tern is that the students have 
broken up for . foe summer 

J Mr Gerry Fowler, the poly- 
technic director, gave four 
students a formal reprimand 
awl fined foe stodents* union 
£200 over the incident. 

There is disagreement about 
foe nature and extent oT foe 
attack. Miss Symes and foe 
few department claim it was 
vicious and violent, but stu- 
dents say violence was Jtot 

| Mr Theodoracopulos. alleged- 
ly in revenge after she had 
thrown him out of her lunch 
party at Porto Heli, Greece, in 
August 1981 

In their defence, Mr Theo- 
doracopulos, the publishers of 
The Spectator and its former 
editor, Mr Alexander Chan- 
cellor, plead justification and 
are counter-claiming damages 
over an interview Mrs Marcie- 
Riviere gave to an American 
magazine. Women's Wear 

Mr Hanley said Mr Theo- 
doracopulos was a hypocrite 
and a complete sham who said 
one thing and did another. 

Mr Justice Otton began his 
summing-up by telling foe 
jury that they had been given 
an insight uno a different 
world — “the jet-set, the high- 
life . 

But, he said, foe courts were 
“open to all, be he or she ne'er 
so humble nor so high”. 

The case continues today. 

When a company provides 

Scots plan to cash in on cashmere 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

Plans to establish herds of ‘ source of supply and create a • the HOI Fanning Research 
evnal thousand goats to pro- valuable source of income for Organization on foe Bush 

several thousand goats to pro- 
dpee cashmere fibre in Scot- 
land were announced 
yesterday at the Royal High- 
land Show at- Ingliston, 

The Scottish textile , indus- 
try at present imports about 
1,000 tonnes of cashmere a 

upland, farmers. 

Association officials said 
that the Chinese were pfen- 
ning. to develop their own 
textile industry which would 
be in competition with Scottish 
knitwear producers. . 

Cashmere is the name given 

Smoking aid 

- - Council workers in Bir- 
mingham are to be given paid 
■ : time ofTto learn how 10 stop 
•; smoking. A pilot scheme will 
- - allow an hour off a week to 
■ those spending an hour of 
their own time on a stop- 
£■ smoking techniques course. 

year, which represents about to foe fine undercoat which a 
60 per cent pf Jhe world crop* goat develops in foe autumn 
Most of it comes from China, and which is shed or sheared 
with smaller amounts from foe following spring. 
Afghanistan, Mongolia and Domestic dairy animals do 
Iran. not produce it in commercial 

The. ne wty-fo nued Scottish quantities, but it grows much 
Gashmae Prodncezs'Assoda- more luxuriantly on fend ani- 
tkm says that if foe scheme is a . mate, 
success; it will benefit foe The scheme is based on 
balance .of .payments by some three years of intensive fareed- 
£50 million a_year, provide a' 

ing and production research by grazing sheep. 

Organization on foe Bush 
estate, near Edinburgh. Dr 
A^05 Russell, of foe organi- 
zation, said he and fak col- 
leagues were confident that by 
genetic improvement high 
quality cashmere could be 
produced in Scotland. 

Dr Russell safe that there 
was also a substantial demand 
for goat meat from the Asian 
communities, for whom beef 
and pork were unacceptable (m 
religions grounds. 

Another advantage of goats 
was that they had a lilting for 
rashes, thistles and other 
weeds, which meant that they 
could improve grassland for 

oS rigs to less than a metre 
hundreds of piles offshore, 
and integrates communications 
packages round satellite 
terminals where National 
Defence is an issue, not only 
must they know a lot about 
electronics, but last response / 
field service is crucaL 
From a pedigree of many years 
experience in this In-tech A 
service industry, the Ocean J 
lfeoture Group launched \ 
Cdkafl, their ceBnfar v 
telephone dhrisioD and m 
channelled resources into Q 
pfenning a co mp rehensive _ 
suppmt network. TWelve fl 
re^Qial in-honse centres all _ 
have their own engineers gj 
trained specifically in _ 
electronics, to support | 
their Dealers and Customers 

in the field, fl 
For the man on the more, time m 
s money and when he relies on I: 
a ceflnfar phone, fast efficient m 

service support is vital 

Please send me details on your ceDnfer phones 

Please arrange for one of your agents to give me a demonstration 




call on experience! 




TEL: 01 283 1122 TELEX: 88M947 BPUDNG 

,- N X 

\ v As for the phones themselves, 

' Cellcall can easily demonstrate 
their cost effectiveness for the 
k Manager on the road. - He can 
lease a phone and pay network 

I standing charges for less than 
the cost of a gallon of petrol 

■ aday. 

Cellcall is run by an aggressive 

■ management team who strive 
for emeDence to achieve 

■ success. Fast response is 
crntial and to prove that the 

I customer is paramount the 
CeUcafl Careline is Ibere with 
■ a sympathetic ear to solve 
atimal or technical 

CedcaD has been cited by the 
national press as having some 
of the keenest prices arouod. 
for (eating or outright purchase, 
so if you want a phone in your 
car, boat or briefcase which 

works in the same way as foe 
phone on your desk, 
contact CeflcaD on 

01 283 1122 






ROFs remain 
open - Younger 

Future of ordnance factories • S upport for students 

Full review of student support KHn 


w The Government is still looking 
-at all the possible options for 
privatization of the Royal Ord- 
nance Factories and it was 
rubbish to suggest that the 
Government's policy had cost 
- any member of ROF staff their 
job. Mr George Younger. Sec- 
retary of State for Defence, said 
■in the Commsons. 

He answered an Opposition 
private notice question about 
the postponement of privatiza- 
tion of the fectories. announced 
on Tuesday by him in a written 

Mr Younger said that it re- 
mained the Government's 
intention to privatize the fac- 
’tories although it had not been 
'possible to to take the progress 
-towards commercial operation 
'far enough for flotation this 

Mr Denzil Davies, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on defence 
and disarmament said that for 
three years the Opposition had 
argued that Government plans 
to sell off the factories was 
nonsense and damaging to the 
factories, employees, and the 
national defence interest 

The Government has not 
listened (he said). Immured in 
its ideological tomb, it has had 
no lime for rational or reason- 
able argument 

When the Government 
started, the factories were val- 
ued at £400 million but the 
capital value has been reduced 
to about £150 million on an 
optimistic view in the City a few 
weeks ago. 

What is to happen now? Will 
he give an undertaking that 
before the next election, the 
factories will not be further 
dismembered but that he will 
return them to the status of a 
trading fund in which the Gov- 
ernment found them? 

What will happen to employ- 
ees who lose jobs as part of what 
is euphemistically described as 
privatization? Will the Govern- 
ment learn the lesson and drop 
its damaging plans to privatize 
the Royal Dockyards? 

Mr Younger; I have not heard 
such a good example of making 
bricks out of straw for a long 
time. 1 do not intend to join him 
in his ideological tomb. 

The Government objective 
remains for the ROFs to be 
privatized for the original rea- 
sons. To have a more successful 
future they have to rely on 
export as well as home orders, 
and they have a much better 
chance to get them if they are in 
the private sector. For that 
reason, privatization must re- 
main the objective. 

The Government has no 
intention of going back to the 
trading fond solution. 

■ The situation of employees 
has nothing to do with the 

Dr Keith Hampson (Leeds 
North West, CY Basically the 
judgement of the ROFs. apart 
from the problem of the Chal- 
lenger tank order, was that they 
were ready to go. 

Mr Younger I do not say and 
have not said that it would be 
impossible but it would be 
important to justify this as the 
best moment to go and we 
consider it is not so. 

Mrs Anna McCnrley (Renfrew 
West and Inverclyde. C): On be 
give an assurance that when the 
time comes for privatization, 
the ROFs will- not be sold 

Mr Younger It remains our 
objective to achieve privatiza- 
tion. I cannot give an undertak- 
ing on the way it will be done 
because we are still reviewing all 
the possible options for 
privatization from now on. 

Mr Jack Straw (Blackburn. 
Lab): The employees of ROFs 
have paid for the privatization 
policy with their jobs, 
conservative MPs: That is not 

Mr Straw: Of course it is. They 
know it. The minister should 
come clean and have the guts to 
admit that one of the policies be 
has looked at is selling off 
different bits piecemeaL 
Mr Younger: He does not 
normally talk rubbish, but it is 
rubbish 'to say that any member 
of staff has paid for this policy 
with his job. 

Mr John Cartwright (Wool- 
wich, SDP): Government anxi- 
ety to sell off should not in any 
wav hamper the supply of 
much-needed equipment for the 


The Governments to carey out a 
comprehensive review of all 
aspects of financial support for 
students in Great Britain study- 
ing at first degree or equivalent 

. Announcing this in a Com- 
mons ' statement. Mr Kenneth 
Baker. Secretary of State for 
Education and Science, said the 
Government wanted to ensure 
that students would neither be 
deterred from entering higher 
education nor hand i cap ped in 
their studies by lack of means. 

He said the measures being 
announced by Mr Norman 
Fowler, Secretary of State for 
Soda] Services, marked a return 
towards -a system In which 
support for students would be 
provided through the single 
channel of the educational 
maintenance system. 

It was a limited step taken -in 
dose consultation with his 
department. He was, however, 
convinced from the many 
representations he had received, - 
that it would be very difficult to 

public funds, having regard to 
other actual and potential 

sources of rapport, mdtntmg 

The study would be carried 
out under the chairmanship of 
Mr George Walden, Under Sec- 
retary of State for Education and 
Science. The Go ve r nm ent would 
be open to representations and 
advice from eve ry source. It 
would undertake extensive 
consultations and consider inter- 
national comparisons. The out- 
come of the review itself would 
be in the form of published 
proposals for public (Gscassfam 
and consultation. 

Meanwhile (he saldX became 
the Government recognizes foe 
needs of students, we have 
mitigated foe proposed removal 
of benefit whilst maintaining the 
level of compensation through 
the grant system originally 

student grant had fallen by a 
fifth since 1979 and it held out 
no prospect of a significant 

The attempt (he said) to 
present foe idea of a review of 
student grants as a promising 
new beginning has a hollow ring 

to those Of ns who remember foe 
previous so-called comprehen- 
sive review set np in hanuHating 
i - i n maij Mvx by his prede- 
cessor, Sir Keith Joseph, in 
1984 only to be anceremonioasly 
abandoned last antum. 

What g uarante e is there font 
tins review, for wMdi Mr Baker 

Subject to foe agreement of 
Parliament, the maintenan ce 
grants of stndents living away 
from home wifi be increased by 
£36 pa from the beginning of foe 
academic year 1986-87. 

This would be in addition to 
foe increase of 2 per cent 
announced on December 16 and 

make further progress towards announced on December 16 and 
disentangling students from foe would resole in an overall In- 
social security system without a - crease of 4 per cent on present 

social security system without a ‘ 
wider examination of foe. whole 
structure of student support: - 
The comprehensive review (he 
continued), will examine Ike 
maintenance needs of Students 
and the extent to which they 
should be provided for from 

crease of 4 per cent os present 
rales for stndents living away 
from home. This was higher 
than the current rate of inflation. 
Mr Giles Radice, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on education, 
said the statement ignored the 
fact time foe real value of the 


■ -i 

Baker; Open to advice 
from every source 
has given no completion date, 
will not also suffer a similar 

Mr Baker said he accepted that 
the value of the grant had fallen 

in real terms by about a fifth — 
about £90 million m real terms. 
Social security payments had 

risen to over £120 million *1 in® 

moment within the system, of 
which boosing benefit,- »■ 
crodsced four years ago, ac- 
counted for some £56 milli on. 
Mr Baker told Mr Harry 
Green way (Eating North, .C) 
.that the. review would examine 
fhesftuatian of parents who 
were expected to top up grants 
and could not afford to do so. 
Mr Robert Rhodes James (Cam- 
bridge, O stressed foe im- 
portance of the voice of Industry, 
.business and schools being 
heard in the review. 

Also included should be foe 
fi-nring of research and aca- 
demic salaries- 

Mr Baker said foe re view -would 
involve foe attitudes of schools 
ami the other points Mr Rhodes 
James had put forward. 

' He was concerned about dis- 
incentives on those aged 18 and 
19 who might go into ttgher 

Mr Max Madden (Bradford 
West, Lab) said new money 
should be unde availabl e to g ive 
a substantial increase to student 
grants when foe 'review -was 

Mr Baker said fatter that one 
suggestion which would have to 
be examined was for grants for 
two years and ; loans and 
sponsorship for the third year. 

Grants for those stndents not 
living at home had been inflation 
proofed this year. 

Changes in student benefit system 

wholly different situation with a 
wholly different solution. 

Sir Anthony Bade (Colchester 
North, Cy It is right to pursue 
the privatization policy. We 
won the election on it. Will he 
say more about the timetable? 

' Mr Younger It is essential that 
: flotation should be done only if 
. the company is in the right state 
to make the flotation successfuL 
In our judgement it is not in the 
state to make a successful 
flotation certain and in that case 
it is wiser not to go ahead. 

Davies: Government immured 
in ideological tomb 

armed forces. Can he give an 
assurance that Government ef- 
forts to get out of the present 
mess will not delay orders for 
the Challenger tank? 

Mr Younger said there, was no 
reason to make a change in the 
-supply of that and .he agreed 
about its impdrtance. 

Mr Denis Healey, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on foreign and 
. Commonwealth affairs: Will he 
confirm it was his intention last 
week to announce that the 
Challenger order would be given 
to the Leeds factory on 

He has been dislodged from 
that decision by the interven- 
tion of a private firm which is a 
well known supporter of the 
Conservative Party- 
Ail his plans are falling .to 
pieces because be is not able to 
give that order to the Leeds 
factory which has a long history 
of being the best provider of 
battle tanks to this country and 

Mr Younger: I had no intention 
of announcing the Challenger 
order on Saturday. 


Changes in the Government’s 
proposals, published in January, 
for channelling support more 
through the educational mainte- 
nance system rather than the 
social security system, were 
announced by Mr Norman 
Fowler, Secretary. of State for 
Social Services, in a Commons 
statement. The revised 
prosposals represented, he 
claimed, sensible steps towards 
rationalising provision for stu- 
dents and reducing their depen- 
dence on benefits. 

However. Mr Michael 
Meacher. chief Opposition 
spokesman on social services, 
maintained the proposals would 
cause severe hardship for up to 

250.000 students caught in the 
crossfire between the Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 
Security and the Department of 
Education and Science. The 
mere promise of a review of 
grams was an insufficient 

Mr Fowls- said he was publish- 
ing the report of the Social 
Security Advisory' Committee 
on the original proposals and 
the Government's response. He 
wasalSO laying amended regula- 
tions to take account of' the 
views of the committee and 
those of the local authority 
associations and. others. , .. 

It remained.' the; 

but at foe same time three main 
concerns were expressed. 

On the first, the Government 
was prepa red to withdraw the 
proposed change to housing 
benefit whereby the accom- 
modation element in the grant 
would be taken fully info ac- 
count when assessing housing 
benefit entitlement. There was 
concern that this would cause a 
wide range of losses. 

Second, there was concern 
that under the proposed with- 
drawal of housing benefit for 
accommodation left unoccupied 
in the summer vacation, some 
students would not have time to 
change existing plans and 

We recognize their concern 
(he went on) and therefore this 
measure will not take effect until 
the summer of 1 987 as we accept 
that students who have already 
entered into rent commitments 
for this summer could face 

Third, there was concern 
about the position of students 
without an award who had 
begun their studies on the 
assumption that they would 
continue to draw benefit ai the 
current leveL 

We accept (he said) that we 
should protect the most vulner- 
able of-.foese: existing students 
living away from their parents' 
homes. These students will be 
treated as now for bousing 
benefit in respect of private 
rented accommodation in term 

be dealt with by Mr Kenneth 
Baker. Secretary of State for 
Education and Science, in his 
statement to the House. 

The Government would dis- 
regard for housing benefit those 
parts of the grant which covered 
books and travelling expenses. 
This change would now take 
effect for the academic year 

Government’s view that in the time-and the rimin' vacations, up 
long term it could not be to April 1 1988 or when their 

sensible that students should be 
subject to two separate but 
intertwined systems of support. 

It cannot be satisfactory (he 
said) to have students perma- 
nently dependent upon a system 
which is primarily designed for 
those who for various reasons 
cannot work, rather than for 
those who have withdrawn vol- 
untarily from the labour market 
to study. 

The vast majority of com- 
ments' to the advisory; commit- 
tee supported the principle of 
rationalising student support. 

present course ends. 

The remainder of the 
Government's proposals were 
largely unchanged. The proposal 
to make a £36 additional in- 
crease in the grant still stood and 
was an .important step in the 
tong-term aim of shifting stu- 
dent support away from the 
social security system. 

Nevertheless, the Govern- 
ment recognized that there were 
important issues to be discussed 
before making further progress 
towards this aim. This raised the 
question of a wider review of 
student support and this would 

Fowler. Reducing students’ 
reliance on social security 

Mr Meacher: While we under- 
stand the principle that students 
should be supported by grants 
and not out or the social security 
budget what is not acceptable is 
that benefit should be cut 
sharply before an adequate 
alternative grant system is 
worked out and implemented 
1 Student entitlement to.sodal 
security benefits has been grow- 
ing solely because ■ of the 
diminishing value of the grant 
which has now fallen by 20 per 
cent in real terms since 1979. 
What is proposed today is 
scarcely a genuine review when 
students are still being squeezed 
by the DHSS while proper 
compensation from the DfcS 
slips further into the future. 

This statement means that 
contrary to its own advisers and 
natural justice the Government 
still intends to take money from 
students on the basis of a vague 
promise of some future IOU. 
That is still wrong-headed and 
uqjusi. He should withdraw all 

these benefit cuts until the grant 
review is completed. 

Mr Fowler We are seeking to 
reduce the reliance of students 
' upon the social security system 
and 1 hope he supports that 

We are seeking to return to a 
position where help for students 
is channelled through the educa- 
tional maintenance system and 
that must be right. Mr Meacher 
has failed to understand the 
significant concessions we are 

We stand by the principle that 
it cannot be right to have these 
two systems of grant side by 

Mr Janies Fawsey (Rugby and 
Kenilworth, C): His statement 
wifi be widely welcomed. We 
have the most generous system 
of student support in the west- 
ern world and these concessions 
will cost about £20 million. Will 
he confirm that both bousing 
and supplementary benefit will 
be availalabe to students in the 
tong vacations? 

Mr Fowler That help will be 
available in the long vacations. 
The proposals are confined to ; 
the short vacations. j 

Mr Frank Field (Birkenhead, j 
Lab* Does he really expect the 
House to believe that he got this 
through foe Treasury without 
detailing foe numbers of stu- 
dents losing, although he has 
calculated foe numbers gaining? 

WSl be bow come dean and 
tdl us foe number of students 
"who vrill still lose under these 1 

Mr Footer: I have said that 

140,000 will gain from foe full 
£36 we are making available. 
But it is not possible to give the 
exact figure he requires. 

Abuse of disabled 
drivers’ scheme . 

The Government is looking at j 
abuse of the disabled drivers' 
badge scheme in its review of ; 
the scheme. Lord Caithness, a 
Government spokesman, said 
in foe House of Lords during 
question time. 

Morality of trade with 
undemocratic regimes 

July visit by Soviet Foreign Minister 


While looking at the morality of 
trading with South Africa, the 
Government should also 
examine its trading policies with 
at least some other evil and 
undemocratic countries. Mr 
Sydney Chapman (Chipping 
Barnet. C) said during 
Commons questions. 

He had ascertained from Mr 
Alan Clark. Minister for Trade, 
that the total value of UK 
exports for 1985 to China, 
Czechoslovakia, East Germany, 
Pakistan. Romania. Saudi 
Arabia and the USSR was £2.7 

Mr Chapman said these were 

just some of the countries 
which, on any criteria, could not 
be called free and democratic 
and the UK did much trade with 
such oppressive regimes. 

Mr Clark: He raises an 
interesting point. Censorship, 
judicial executions, many of 
them in public. and 
imprisonment without trial are 
all characteristics of the 
countries he mentions and a 
number he does not. 

Were these elements to be a 
bar to normal trading relations, 
our trading would-be even more 
circumscribed than it looks like 
being at present. 

But such judgements are a 
matter for Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary. 

Health study 


The West could not and should 
not seek , a good relationship 
with foe Russians if that were at 
foe price of ceasing to defend its 
own values. Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
.Secretary of State for Foreign 
and Commonwealth 

Affairs^aid when he opened foe 
Commons debate, on foreign 

on arms control, regional and 
bilateral questions and human 

In pursuing this dialogue it 
would be foolish to expect that 
tremendous unilateral gestures 
by the UK would in themselves 
be a catalyst for agreement 
between foe super-powers. But 
the UK could play a part in 
seeking to bring about progress. 

He said that East-West 
relations could be improved and 

affairs. This was not a counsel of tension reduced through 

despair, he told MPs. 

• However, the Government 
intended to maintained the 
dialogue between the Prime 
Minister and Mr Gorbachev. 
The Soviet Foreign Minister, 
Mr Shevardnadze was coming 
to Britain on July 14-15 and Sir 
Geoffrey Howe said he was 
looking forward to discussisons 

dialogue and exchanges. The 
United Kingdom, however, was 
determined to keep high on the 
international agenda foe Soviet 
Union's invasion and continued 
occupation of Afghanistan. 

If Mr Gorbachov wishes to 
impress foe world with Soviet 
desire for peace (be said) let him 
start in Afghanistan. 

It must be acknowledged that 
history had given the Russians 
cause to be suspicious of threats 
to their security. But even on foe 
most benevolent interpretation 
their military posture 
constituted the most massive 
over insurance in history. 

Neither was it just military 
tension which divided east and 
west The communist system 
itself had fanned suspicions by 
preventing the free flow of 
people and ideas. 

Europe and the United States 
needed each other. There had 
been some growing enthusiasm 
recently on foe Opposition 
benches for Europe as an idea, 
but not because they relished foe 
European relationship for its 
own was because this 
represented a means of asserting 
an alternative to their 

instinctive, growing hostility to 
foe United States. 

For them (he said) Europe is 
sadly too often an alibi for knee 
jerk anti- Americanism. 

The presidency of the 
European Community would 
allow foe UK to deal with 
important internal issues and it 
was putting forward ideas for 
employment growth into the 
1 990s. That should form foe 
basis for a plan of action. 

Soviet military with its vast 
superiority over Nato 
represented a danger for security 
foal would be neglected at their 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30k Motions on 
Northern Ireland orders. 

Lords (3k Agriculture Bill, 
committee, third day. 

Extra public funds needed 
to close gap in service 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

Radical changes in the Na- 
tional Health Service to pro- 
duce greater efficiency, plus 
encouragement for those who 
can afford it to spend more on 
their health care were called 
for yesterday by the Office of 
Health Economics. - 

Extra public funds for the 
health service are “urgently 
needed", foe office said. But 
extra public money alone will 
not close the steadily widening 
gap between what can be 
afforded and what medical 
science can achieve, foe drug 
industry-financed research 
centre said in a report on 
health service financing. 

To overcome the inefficien- 
cies in a large bureaucracy 
such as foe health service, 
market principles should be 
introduced so that health au- 
thorities could buy services 
from each other or from the 
private sector to encourage 
competition and good value 
for money. 

Alternatively, family doc- 
tors could be made the budget 
holders. When they referred a 
ient to hospital the money 

for the treatment would go 
with the patient. “In either of 
these ways foe best and most 
popular hospital departments' 
would flourish, while ineffi- 
cient units would eventually 
be closed down," the office 
report said. 

Such changes would intro- 
duce the. diseplines of. foe 
market to foe health service 
and could “greatly improve 
foe performance of aH those- 
working within the NHS". 

In addition. doctors should 
be persuaded to concentrate 
gn treatments which produce 
the greatest benefit, and the 
growth, of private and volun- 
tary care should be encour- 
aged in order to reduce the 
burden on foe health service. 

The office said thar present 
inadequacies in foe service 
meant that more than 1 , 200 . 
people died each year because 
their kidney problems were 
not treated. 

A further 600.000 people 
with severely raised blood 
pressure were not treated, 
often because their illness had 
.hot been diagnosed. And the 

lives of 1.200 babies would 
also be saved each year if* 
infant mortality rates could be 
improved to match those of 
the high social classes. 

Already 35 per cent of 
dental treatment and half of 
all spectacle expenditure is 
private while 1 3 per cent of all 
noif-urgent surgery is done 


“Nothing should under- 
mine foe basic principle that 
first-class health care should 
be available free of charge, 
provided at the tax-payers* 
expense, for all those genuine- 
ly in need.” the report says. 

Such changes, the report 
says, would face opposition 
from many quarters, not least 
doctors and other health pro- 
fessionals who “resent the 
suggestion that their pattern of 
behaviour should be modified 
in order to provide better 
. value for money in the health 


Health: the politician's dilemma 
(O'HE. 12 Whitehall. London 
SW1A 2DY:£1X 

The Mallard, said to be die world’s fastest locomotive, returning to die National 
Railway Museum in York yesterday, alter restoration work at Doncaster. 

Off-duty PC pays £5,000 damages 

A salesman, who ended up 
in hospital after an assault by 
his neighbour, was awarded 
£5.000 damages for injuries in 
foe High Court yesterday. 

The incident occurred when 
Mr Philip Joyce, aged 54. 
asked Mr Phillip Lethbridge, a 
police constable aged 26. to 
move his car. 

Judge Lipfriend. making the 
award, said Mr Lefobndge. 
who weighs 15 stones, replied 
that he would move it when he 

was “good and ready", while 
washing his car in London 
Road, Thornton Heath, Croy- 
don. London, in October 

Mr Joyce, who weighs eight 
stones, said be probably leant 
on Mr Lethbridge's car. Before 
he had time to move. Mr 
Lethbridge grabbed him by 
foe lapels of his jacket and 
struck him in foe groin. He 
was then punched in the left 
eye and fell to the ground.' . . 

The judge added that each 
time Mr Joyce tried to-get up 
he was put down again. 

Mr Joyce still suffers from 
headaches after the blow to his 
head, and the vision in his left 
eye has been impaired. 

The judge ordered Mr Leth- 
bridge. of Cannon Road, 
Bromley, south London, to 
pay the damages and costs of 
the action. He dismissed a 
counter claim for damages. 

He also teM MPs it w® likely 
that the review would be com- 
pleted in the coarse of foe next 
year. m m 

Mr Alar Howarth (Stradbrd- 
ob-Avoo. O asked if there was 
any way other than tons 
through which students could be 
disentangled from foe dutches 
of the social security system- 
. Mr Baker said students would 
remain eligible for siqipte- 
mentary and anemptoyinent 
benefits daring foe fang vaca- 
tion. Benefits should not be 
withdrawn without a review to 
not m place other- forms <n 
support. He did not exclude foe 
possibility of * scheme of 
sponsorship by Industry or loans 
ona subsidized basis. 

Mr Anthony Steen (Sooth 
Hams, Q asked if foe question 
of interest-free loans would be 
considered and Mr Baker -gave 
that assurance. 

Mr Charles Kennedy (Ross, 
Cromarty and Skye, SDP) asked 
whether additional firing allow- 
fflighr be extended to 
t o wns outside London with 
exceptionally fcjgh costs of living 

and Mr Baker said that wopH be 

Mrs Edwina Currie (Derbyshire 
South, C) suggested that firtnre 
employers should be encouraged 
give more financial support to 
stndents who they wonid even- 
tually recruit. - 

Mr Baker said there were several 

sponsorship schemes but it 
would be reviewed. 

in July on 

board and 


The Government bad coo- 
duded that no general increase 
in the financial limits tor or- 
dinary board and lodging, or in 
the associated meals allowances, 
was at present justified, Mr 
Anton v Newton. Minister for 
Social'Security. announced in a 
Commons statement on supple- 
mentary benefit arrangements 
for board and lodging. 

This was also for case for 
hostels, he said, where Govern- 
ment monitoring showed that 
average charges in afi regions 
inducting London were below 
foe present limit For ordinary 
board and kxteing. most recent 
figures showed that expenditure 
in 1 984 rose not to £380 million, 
as earlier estimated, but to more 
than £500 million — an increase 
of K) per cent in a year. Ai the 
same time, the number xjf 
boarders increased from 

1 12,000 to more than l60,0QCt 

Government monitoring and 
surveys confirmed the existence 
of an accommodation market 
unduly influenced by the 
amount of benefit payable, 
raiber *h«w by normal commer- 
cial factors, and of an. unaccept- 
able degree of abuse. Many 
landlords had reduced their 
charges in response to foe 
restraint imposed, and across 

p/l m AAA landlords had reduced their 

+ -4^ I II II ITfl charges in response to foe 

restraint imposed, and across 
j JW d* _ the counirv Government stud- 

needed lor g-s-SsTMrs 

1 ♦ _ • • . average limits. 

1‘lfTllfi 1T10 However, the current limit for 

AU UJl ■ iQ couples without young children. 


Sums of money up to £35,000 
mifiion would be needed to deal 
with the boosing problem. Lord 
Dean of Beswkfc (Lab) claimed 
when he opened a debate in the 
House of Lords on the case for 
greater investment in public 
sector housing, and the need to 
reduce the watting time for local 
authority bouses. . 

He said that Mr Nicholas 
Ridley, Secretary of State for foe 
Environment, should withdraw 
from the Housing BA! foe- 
disgraceful proposals to allow a 
local authority . to sell off 
municipal tenancies over the 
heads of tenants, whether they 
1 iked it or not, and to destroy the 
security of 'tenure which they 
had historically enjoyed. 

Lord Ezra (L) said there was 
overwhelming evidence that the 
state of housing in Britain was 

They were far from foe 
Government's .manifesto 
commitment in 1983: “Our goal 
is to -make Britain foe. best 
boused country in Europe”. 

The Government had been 
unduly “concerned with 
ownership of ■■ bouses but - too 
little concerned 1 ' with the 
adequacy and physical 
condition of houses. 

Lady David, for the Opposition. 

average limits. 

However, foe current limit for 
couples without young children, 
which was L7S times the single 
adult limit, would be increased 
to twice the single limit, as for 
couples with young children. 

On the time limit for which 
many of those under 26 could be 
paid as boarders at all. the 
Government proposed that foe 
existing exemption from time 
limits until July 28 1986 should 
be extended indefinitely. 

New boarders under 26 would 
however continue to be subject 
to time limits, which would not 
be changed, unless they came 
within the extensive range of 
exemption categories covering 
those for whom longer-term 
boarding was a genuine need. 

On residential care and nurs- 
ing homes, the Government 
proposed the limit for residen- 
tial care homes for the elderly 
should go up by £S to £125 a 
w eek, making an increase of £15 
a week overall since April 198S. 

In addition the Government 
intended to make five im- 
portant changes to meet specific 

• An increase in the limit from 
£120 to £140 a week for those 
elderly people in residential care 
homes who were very depeh- 
dent and qualified for the higher 
ratetof attendance allowance: 

• Ah. increase in the limit from 
£120 to '£140 .-for Wind people 
over pension age; . 

• An increase in the limit of tip 
to £17.50 a week for those in 

by the Government 'more homes m Greater unraxm, . 
drastically than had any other 

area of public spending. being paid ala transiBonaJW 

protected rate in July, an aridt 

JS nou^f up to £10 above then- 
Government, said « tad — 5 ^.^ 

continued to devote substantial £ For those were awdy 

from a home for short periods 
to bousing. *V^J'P c ? ura S ed new provisions to meet retain* 
local authorities and housing [no fees. 

aSSOci 2£^f Taken together (he said) these 

changes mean that, for example. 

priority. care home in Greater London 

— , . will rise by £37 JO a week. 

ITlllfl 'nAflAm The proposals are an hn- 
v/llilU Uvllvlll ponant step towards. the more 
mnc ,f k/| lronf flexible approach, but within a 
must D€ Kept firmly-controlled framework. 
Sir Brandon Rhys Wiliams „ Subject to the views of foe 
(Kensington, C) was given leave Social Security Advisory 
by 158 votes to three to bring in Committee, we tntmid to em- 
a & requirii TSe Gavin- body them in regulations to take 

merit infoeevent ofan imrease 

in foe retail price index in any Margaret Beckett, for the 
year, to lay before ftuiiamenl Oppositum, said the minister 
foe draft of an uprating order ff neraUl L, had 

which would makeanmerease ^£«d drat**, fan ■ 

in child benefit with effect from WRjyP gL &f JlZ * 
the beginning of foe following ,* n 

financial year of not less foant kndfonfa had put up to 

financial year ot not less tnan a 
corresponding percentage and to 
make future increases m child 
benefit a charge on the National 
Insurance Fond. 

charges by 20 per cent since the 
limits were set, in 1984-85 the 
average price of a single room 
was nearly £40 more than the 

He said that foe practice of DHSS alkjww and on av- 
paying money to' support foe era ® B people shared four to a 
children direct- to the caring room and in some cases 12 . 

parent must be maintained 
Another cause for concern 

Mr Newton said foe report 
mentioned had. overstated foe 

was the lack of commitment to case and -the Government was 
maintaining the real value of not at'aD sure about some ofits 
child benefit. . data. ' ■•* 

or m. v 

vaccine research t 

. By Pearce Wright, Science Editor : ,. v > 

A healthy boy, aged IS logical Standards and Codtrol, 
months, has played a crucial m London. 

role in research leading to new 
vaccines and the improve- 
ment of existing ones. 

His contribution to medical 
science has also provided an 
explanation of why. in about 
.one in two, million cases, 
vaccination against . polio 
proved ineffective. ; - 

In bis work for Reading 

baby son after protective vac- ' 
ci nation. It was found that 
after 48 hoars the organism of 

the vaccine, then in the guut of. • the disease. 

It came about front a new 
understanding of the genetic 
characteristics which make 
one vims more virulent or 
sensitive than another. . ~ 

' The findings were made -in 
collaborative work by virok>- 
gists and molecular biologists 
of the institute and Reading 
University. “ 

The two have employed the 
latest methods in genetic ma- 
nipulation to . examine - th& 
properties of the polio virus 
ana the vaccines oised. against 

the child, bad changed. .By 
that time, -protection had been 
conferred on. the. baby. But it 
showed that a Virus treated to 
make it harmless could revert 
to a stare of virulence. ■ 

The help of little David 
Minor. - was acknowledged ai! 
ah international conference in 
London . yesterday called to 
discuss the latest discoveries 
in molecular .biology. : .. 

The promise of vaccines 
against hepatitis A, which 
often infects foreign travellers, 
the common cold, and other 
infections, was reported by Dr 

- . Dr Schild said that in som£ 
parts of the world the Qiness' 
was still rife. • 

In addition, there were dose 
similarities between the poti$ : 
virus and those causing hepa- 
titis, ■ ■ 

Employing the technique of 
gene probes, which afloufc 
sd enlists to identify foe few; 
molecules forming a particu-; 
lar gene, and with the help pf 
David Minor, the institute- 
and the Reading group identi-': 
fied foe gene which made the! 
organism in- the polio Sabin' 
vaccine different from the; 

w; A/i vdCLILK UQCIH r ’ UUU1 - UiWr 

Geoffrey Schifd, director of vtntientorgaaismofthexnfec^ 
the National Institute for BioV tious virus. .- 


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- •' FhJmMkhael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
■ Some 500 relatives, friends fleeted on the front page of .Mr Waite. Mr Waite saw the 
•and colleagues attended a . TheSoweian — the mam daily damage done, by a petrol-, 
memori al servi ce m Johan- newspaper writienby and for bomb attack on an Anglican 
■ (or blades in. the Johannesbmg church centre. 

De Am, the first- membeT of area — which was dominated 
.^ihe press to be_ IdDed covering by a large Wank space.: 

-the civil strife in South Africa. 
■■ Mr De’Ath, a 34-year-old 
South African freelance cam- 
eraman who had worked in 
many of the world's trouble- 
spots, .died in Grooie Sdiuur 
Hospital,- Cape Town, on Sat- 
z'ujday from injuries received 
on June 10 while filming , for 
; ITN, the fighting in dross- 
roads squatter camp. - 
He and his black sound- 
man, Mr AndHe Fosi, were 
attacked by men with axes and 
knives. Mr Fast* who was 
injured, and other journalists 
in the area at the time, believe 
De’Aih’s killers were mem- 
-hers of a black vigilante 

.= Bishop Desmond Turn, the 
Anglican Bishop of Johannes- 
burg, and Mr Terry Waite, the 
special envoy of the Archbish- 
op of Canterbury, attended 
.yesterday's service in St 
^Cpiumba's Presbyterian 
Church in the Parkview sub- 
urb of Johannesburg. 

. In another, development 
yesterday, press restrictions 
introduced under the national 
state of emergency were re- 

£a. A caption said it was to 
™<* have been filled with a photo- 
graph taken in Soweto, but 
in this had not been possible, as 
>le- reporters and photographers 
rur had been banned from going 
•at- there. ' : 

'® d The space where the leading 
for article would normally have 
lss " been, was also blank. -A'foot- 
note said: “All that we and the 
3d- other media have to cootrib- 
ere uie at this time whoa tie 
ad country isiacing its worst-ever 
ras crisis has been effectively 
sis banned. We could have of- 
jve fered our readers a comment 
tn- on tire trivial, but that would 
nte have been an insult to them, 
and to us.” 

be Under the emergency no 
es- journalist may enter a black 
be residential area, or any other 
sh- area where “unrest” is occur- 
ed ring, or report on army and 
St police activity,- without per- 
an mission of the Police 
ib- Co mmissioner . 

The Sowetan disclosed yes- 
nt terday that its reporters had 
us been refused permission even 
ial to cover a visit to Soweto on 
re- Tuesday by Bishop Tutu and 

damage done, by a petrol-, 
bomb attack on an Anglican 
church centre. 

The attack, he said yester- 
day, seemed highly organized 
and well planned,” and was 
similar to others on church 
premises in. recent weeks. 

It had to be “a matter of 
concern” that no one had been 
_ apprehended for the attacks. 

Meanwhile, the South Afri- 
can Institute of Race Rela- 
; tions, an independent body, 
has published an estimate that 
1,782 people died in political 
violence between September 
1984 and the end of last 

In the first five months of 
this year, five people died on 
average every day, double the 
rate recorded last year. 

The institute said 213 peo- 
ple were killed in May, the 
most in any month. Of these, 
4] per cent were victims of 
conflict within black commu- 
nities, and 22 per cent were 
killed by police. It was not 
dear how the rest died. 

This year there has been a 
sharp increase in Internecine 
black strife, including the” 
murder of “collaborators”, 
and attacks by vigilantes on 
political, radicals. 

Mm mmmm 


m 4^8! 

Mr Waite and Bishop 
Tutu talking after the 
service for George 
De’Ath. ITN’s editor, Mir 
David Nicholas, told the 
congregation that TV 
camera crews were **the 
point-men In recording 
the history of our tune,” 
and faced the risks they 
did “out of an overpower- 
ing sense of duty”. It was 
timely “to remind those 
who exercise power that 
the people whom we in the 
media save are ranch 
smarter than they 
are — and know when 
the wool is being polled 
over their eyes”. 

ANC warns firms 
of ‘grave danger 9 

Deported cameraman aims to return 

*• -W- 


Wfcr - 

-i.-i . 

Mr Wim de Voss, a free- 
lance CBS News cameraman, 
deponed from South Africa, 
-arrived at Heathrow yesterday 
: with one aim: “To return to 
.film what reallyisgoing-on.”-. 

He was taken to Johannes- 
. burg airport on Tuesday night' 
-with a high-speed police escort 
and only a briefcase as 

Mrde Voss, a Dutch nation- 
al. has been based in South 
Africa since the 1976 Soweto 
uprising. He said shootings, 
car bomb exploodns and riot- 
ing had continued for the past 
48 hours in many areas 
throughout the country. .. 

He was very- disappointed 
about losing his appeal in the 
Supreme Court to -have an 
expulsion order cancelled, in a 
hurried court hearing onTues- 
~day night Hie older had been 
served on Friday. . .. ” 

Mr de Voss at Heathrow (Ptutfograplu John Maiming) 

Several; police had turned ment from him that I could 
up at the Supreme Court but defendall Hiked but there was 
the jutfee bad ordered them an order for me to leave the 
ant of the courtroom. country by midnight.” Mr de 

“V^ien Tasked the inpsecn- Voss said, 
tor why I was befog expelled. He was ttra driven straight 
be refused to^ give.any reason: I ‘totlre airport with about' tOO 
just received a brusque state- journalists, hi% wife, Signed, 

aged 34, and friends following 
in cars. 

“The farewell was very 
emotional but I wasn’t al- 
lowed the chance to say 
goodbye to my three young 
children. I was shunted 
straight on to a South African 
Airways plane out of the 

He said his family would 
join him in London but he did 
not know when. 

“Soweto is now entirely cut 
oS; including the telephone 
tines. It has been impossible to 
film anything anywhere.” 

He thinks that earlier film 
he took of victims burning, 
and then of demonstration 
scenes last week, may be the 
reason for his expulsion. - 

Mr de Voss said he was 
about 100 yards away when 
bis colleague, Mr George 
JDe'Ath, was murdered. 

Western companies operat- 
ing in South Africa were 
yesterday warned by Mr Oli- 
ver Tambo, president of the 
banned African National Con- 
gress, that they were running 
“grave risks” by remaining in 
the country. 

“The demand for sanctions 
comes not only from the 
South African population but 
also from the workers (of these 
companies), and we cannot 
say that one day they will not 
turn against them,” be said at 
a press conference here after 
attending a United Nations 
conference on sanctions 
against South Africa. 

The time bad come to act, 
be said. Those who were 
holding back were encourag- 
ing the escalation of the 
violence. He believed that 
immediate and comprehen- 
sive sanctions against Pretoria 
would be effective, because 
“neither Botha, nor the busi- 
ness world, nor the white 
workers want their economy 
to be ruined.” 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

Call to end censorship 

The International Press In- 
stitute, rep re s en ti ng newspa- 
per publishers and journalists 
worldwide, called yesterday 
for the lifting of emergency 
censorship in South Africa. 

In a message to President 
Botha, Mr Pettr Galliner, 
president -of the Institute, 

wrote: “Such extensive and 
crude controls, in an attempt 
to conceal from your country- 
men and women, as well a$ the 
international community, the 
true state of affairs m South 
Africa, can only do even more 
harm to the already tarnished 
i m age your country has 

Mr Tambo again criticized 
Britain, West Germany and 
the United States for opposing 
sanctions. The ANC was call- 
ing on the international com- 
munity to put pressure on 
President Reagan, Mrs 
Thatcher and Chancellor 
Kohl, as well as on President 
Botha of South Africa. 

In a message read out to the 
five-day conference. Senator 
Edward Kennedy said that he 
deeply regretted not being able 
to be with the delegates of 
some 120 countries “as you 
work to construct a pro- 
gramme of concerted, world- 
wide action to end apartheid 
in South Africa.” 

Expressing regret at the 
Reagan Administration's de- 
cision not to attend the confer- 
ence, he said that be believed 
the House of Representatives 
would vote “by an over- 
whelming majority” before 
the end of the week to pass the 
anti-apartheid Bill providing 
for new sanctions against 




From Jan Raath 

President Madid of Mo- 
zambique leaves here today 
after a three-day visit with 
strongly military overtones. It 
coincides with a rapid height- 
ening of tension in the south- 
ern African region. 

At a state banquet on Tues- 
day night, Mr Macbei said he 
and Mr Robert Mugabe, 
Zimbabwe’s Prime Minster, 
had disenssed “new 
strategies” to counter the at- 
tacks and destabilization poli- 
cies of South Africa. 

He has brought with him a 
largely military delegation and 
yesterday visited the brigade 
battle school run by the Brit- 
ish military advisory training 
team at Nyanga, in eastern 
Zimbabwe, where since Febru- 
ary British instructors have 
been training Mozambican 

Military sources this week' 
spoke of a general betid of 
imminent South African 
“aggression”. Troops of spe- 
cialized army nits, in Harare 
at least, have been on standby 
since Saturday. 

The sources also spoke of 
what they viewed as the in- 
creasing probability of Sooth 
Africa stepping up support for 
the Mozambique National Re- 
sistance, foe rebel movement 
fighting President MacbeTs 
Government Such a tactic 
wonkl undermine the military 
resources of Zimbabwe. 

on UN 

Mocoron, Honduras (Reu- 
ter) - A renegade Nicaraguan 
rebel commander has kid- 
napped 35 Nicaraguan refu- 
gees in raids on UN camps, 
international relief officials 
and rebel and military sources 

Eight of the kidnapped had 
escaped and gone to another 
UN camp. Officials said that 
the rebel commander, known 
as Ampino, entered the 
Tapaluas refugee camp with 
10 armed men and said he was 
with the Nicaraguan Demo- 
cratic Force. 

Veteran is 
cast aside 

Delhi (AFP) — India's rul- 
ing Congress (I) Party has 
abandoned its working presi- 
dent in his bid to be re-elected 
to the Indian upper house of 
Parliament, after he sent a 
highly critical letter to the 
Prune Minister, Mr Rajiv 


The name of Kamalapati 
Tripathi, aged 83, who has 
been a member of the Rajya 
Sabha (Council of States) 
since 1973, foiled to appear on 
the party’s nomination list 
when it was released 

Ship held 

Panama City (Reuter) — A 
Danish ship carrying 200 
tonnes of Soviet-bloc arms 
and vehicles has been de- 
tained here, military sources 

Gas alert 

Orlando, Florida (UPI) — A 
gas cloud created by an acci- 
dental mixture of chemicals 
forced the evacuation yester- 
day of up to 1.000 people and 
the closing of the airport and 
several major roads. 

Aids victims 

Brussels (Reuter) - Belgium 
has the highest proportion of 
Aids sufferers per head of 
population in Europe, accord- 
ing to the Belgian Health 

Gadaffi talks 

Tripoli (Reuter) — The for- 
mer US Attorney General Mr 
Ramsey Clark, had talks yes- 
terday with the Libyan leader. 
Colonel Gadaffi, during a 
private visit. 



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your business card 
to Sony Business 
Video, Sony House. 

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There’s a conspicuous element of greed behind 
the proposed Tape Levy. 

People in the music business are among the 
richest and most successful in the country. While 
young people, you may have noticed, tend to be 
at the opposite end of the economic spectrum. 

Yet the Government is about to introduce 
legislation which will redistribute as much as £12 
million worth of wealth, largely taken from the 
under 35’s, and, in the main, passed over to record 
!■ companies and music publishers. 

The means of achieving this is the Tape Levy, 
which is due for enactment in the next session of 

The music industry has convinced the Govern- 
ment that every tape buyer should pay extra, just 
because some of them may commit a technical 
violation of our archaic copyright laws. 

Yet the vast majority of blank tape usage is 
totally reasonable. 

Nevertheless, as supposed compensation to * 
an industry, which by any measurement is boom- 
ing, every person buying a blank tape is to be 
levied, i.e. fined. 

The greatest sufferers here will be the young, 
who buy more blank tapes than the rest of us. 

The very same young who are pushing album 
sales beyond even the glory days of the Beatles. * 
And who, in the buying of those records, have 
already paid for the right to listen to them any 
number of times. 

So what’s the difference if they choose to do 
so on their own blank tanes? * 


If you’re a tape buyer of whatever age, or if 
you’d simply like to preserve the basic English 
principle that you’re innocent until proven guilty, 
find out how you can help stop the Tape Levy 
becoming law. 

Contact: The Tape Manufacturers Group, 17-19 
Foley Street, London W1P 7 LH. 




S, • ■ •VjT'j.:. 

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They had been kidnapped befog held hostage by the 
immediately after they cross- Independent "Movement for 
ed Beirut's Green Line into Liberation of Hostages, a 
the mainly Muslim western West German humanitarian 
sector of the capital on group said here yesterday 
Mo" 1 ??- (AFP reports). 

Mr Marcel Khayat, anem- The Society for Threatened 
ployee at the Arab Insurance peoples said the nine were 

the mainly Muslim western 
sector of the capital on 

Mr Marcel Khayat, an em- 
ployee at the Arab Insurance 
Company, and Mr Yaconb 
Abboud, a printer working for 
Lebanon's leading daily. An 
Naha/ \ were left blindfolded at 
the entrance of the newspaper 
by gunmen who sped on in a 
car. An Nahar employees said 
both men were in good condi- 

The group had promised to 
free two of its 10 hostages “as 
a goodwill gesture" to win the 
freedom of Muslims allegedly 
being held in Christian militia 
jails. In a statement left with 
die two freed men, it an- 
nounced a third release for 
today. “We have no desire to 
kidnap more right now," it 

The group demanded that 

Austrian Jews 
to Waldheim 

From Richard Bassett 

Dr Kurt Waldheim's an- 
nouncement that he would 
visit the rile of Austria's 
principal concentration camp 
on the Danube should not be 
seen as “absolution" for the 
anli-semitic rhetoric of his 
supporters, a spokesman for 
the Israeli Cultural Communi- 
ty in Vienna said yesterday. 

Dr Ivan Hacker, tile Com- 
munity's head, saidthal it was 
his duty as a democrat and 
Austrian, as well as a Jew, to 
point out tite'dangeiious anli- 
semitic accents of Dr Wald- 
heim's campaign. ■ 

‘ft* *m& 

Peoples- said the nine were 
kidnapped in west Beirut on 
May 27-28 during attacks in 
which five Armenians were 

In another development 
yesterday, Monrignor Sfeir 
met Lebanon’s Sunni Mufti, 
Sheikh Hassan Khaled, in 
west Beirut, who had paid him 
a visit on April 28. 

During the meeting a com- 
mittee of parents of missing 
people told Mgr Sfeir that 
2,000 Muslims were being 1 
held hostage in mainly Chris- ! 
tian east Beirut. 

Mgr Sfeir, elected Maronite 
Patriarch on April 19, said 
that he would make efforts to 
obtain freedom for all hos- 
tages held in Lebanon. 

Nazi victim’s 
case against 
SS man lost 



A. Jewish woman- has lost a 
court action in Madrid against 
a former general of the Nazi 
SS, daimmg he had insulted 
her as a former inmate of 
Auschwitz when be told a 
Spanish magazine that the 
mass killings of Jews never 

The . action had sought to 
haye : the Befgian-bora Mr 
Leon Degreile, now aged 80, 
who was given Spanish na- 
tional! ty_ b£_General Franco 
after foe Second’ World War, 
barred from making such 
statements and fined. 

Shia Muslim Amal fighters using a motorcycle to avoid sniper fire as they launch a rocket- 
propelled grenade at Palestinian refugee camps south of Beirut. 

Setback for Jayewardene 
over Tamil peace proposal 

Mrs Sirimavo Banda- 
ranaike’s opposition Sri Lan- 
ka Freedom Party (SLFP) 
decided yesterday not to at- 
tend next week's meeting of 
registered political parties' at 
which President Jayewardene 
is to present the 
Government's proposals for 
power devolution, in an at- 
tempt to solve the country’s 
ethnic problem. 

The central committee of 
the SLFP derided instead to 
send a delegation to the 
President before the June 25 
meeting to seek information 
about the proposals. 

The party expressed disap- 
pointment over the 
President's accusations at a 
rally on Sunday that the SLFP 
was trying to exploit the 

By Vjptha Yapa, Colombo 

current situation for its own 
political ends. 

At a time when the nation 
was on the brink of civil war, 
the party statement noted. 
President Jayewardene foiled 
to extend the hand of friend- 
ship to the opposition. 

The statement added that 
the President bad failed to 
place national interests above 
narrow party interests. 

Yesterday, the Cabinet ap- 
proved the government plan 
to solve the Tamil issue. 

The new proposals include 
the creation of elected provin- 
cial councils in the country’s 
nine provinces and the ap- 
pointment of chief ministers 
and a board of ministers 

enjoying the support of the 
majority of these councils. 

The plan also proposes a 
devolution of power. 

The Government is opti- 
mistic about the support of the 
registered political parties 
apart from the SLFP. 
However.tbe views of Mr 
Dinesh Gunewardene's 
Mahajana Eksath Peramuna 
will not be known until its 
central committee meeting 
later this week. 

Two other parties — the 
moderate Tamil United Liber- 
ation Front and the Tamil 
Congress — have so for not 
made known their views. 

The plan is to be presented 
to Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the 
Indian Prime Minister, later 
this week. 

British woman shot in Kampala 

Nairobi —A British teacher, who were in the bouse, were 
Mrs Andrea Susan Bucking- unharmed. A 'quantity of 
bam, aged 34, from Ruislip, property was stolen. 
Middlesex, was shot dead by a 

gang which broke into her The Uganda Government 
house in a Kampala suburb on issued a statement yesterday 

gang which broke into her The Uganda Government 
house in a Kampala suburb on issued a statement yesterday 
. Tuesday night (Charles Harri- condemning the tailing, de- 

son writes).'" “scribing it as an act of terror- 

Her husband, Peter, was not ism. Five people have been 
at home. Their two children, arrested, including a former 

house servant of the family 
and some soldiers. 

British officials in Kampala 
said the incident did not 
appear to be political There 
have been numerous killings 
and robberies in the area, 
despite efforts by the Govern- 
ment to wipe out crime. 


US envoy 
to Sweden 
in shooting 

From Christopher Mosey 

Police were yesterday inves- 
tigating what may have been 
an attempt to assassinate the 
US Ambassador in 

Three shots were fired by a 
bodyguard at two armed men 
who approached a luxury villa 
owned by a millionaire Swed- 
ish industrialist in die Stock- 
holm archipelago, where the 
ambassador. Mr Gregory 
Newell was dining with 24 
other guests. 

The two gunmen escaped on 
a motorcycle, apparently 

Police, already jittery fol- 
lowing die assassination of the 
Prime Minister, Mr Olof 
Palme, earlier this year, or- 
dered reinforcements into die 

Mr Newell aged 36, his wife 
CandHyw. and their children, 
David, aged 7, Catherine, aged 
3, Kendall, aged 5, Michael 
aged 2, and baby son Mattson, 
were yesterday at a secret 
address in Dalarna, the cen- 
tral Swedish province where, 
atom with thousands of 
Swedes and tourists, they wDI 
take part in traditional Mid- 
summer celebrations at the 

Mr Newell: Gave outspoken 
newspaper interview. 

Mr Newell who arrived in 
Sweden in December, had 
attracted much attention for 
an interview in foe leading 
daily newspaper Dagens 
Nyheter, in which he a tt a c ked 
Swedish criticism of US policy 
in Central America. 

Guests were drinking aperi- 
tifs on the balcony of a villa 
belonging to Mr Bo Asdssm 
Johnson on the island of 
Norra Lagno when the shoot- 

A bodyguard on duty in the 
grounds of the villa raid two 
men came out of the forest 
armed with automatic rifles 
and double-barrelled 

Mexico debt fears 
rise after finance 
minister resigns 

From John Carlin. Mexico City 

The unexpected resignation 
of the Mexican Finance Min- 
ister. Senor Jesus Silva 
Herzog, has heightened specu- 
lation that Mexico is prepar- 
ing fora confrontation with its 
creditor banks, with a possible 
suspension looming of pay- 
men is on its $97 billion (£63 
billion) debt. 

While Senor Silva Herzog 
has given no public explana- 
tion of his decision to quit, it 
is believed he has ban under 
pressure from Cabinet col- 
leagues to adopt a tougher 
stance towards the interna- 
tional banks. 

Since the crash in oil prices 
earlier this year, the Govern- 
ment has faced ever greater 
pressure at home to renege on 
a debt which is asphyxiating 
the already depressed 

But Senor Silva Herzog has 
long staked his credibility on 
the conviction that only 
through responsible negotia- 
tion can a solution be found to 
a debt problem which is as 
potentially dangerous to the 
big international banks as it is 
to Mexico. 

Britain’s Midland Bank, for 
example, lent so much money 
to Mexico in the late 1970s 
that 72 per ant of its 
shareholders* equity is tied up 
in the Mexican debt. 

Bui after four years of 
negotiating and re-negotiat- 
ing. first with the Internation- 
al Monetary Fund then with 
the banks, Mexico’s economy 
has. if anything, deteriorated. 

The country is finding it 
increasingly hard to persuade 
the IMF and the banks that 
the economy’s prospects war- 

rant a softening of repayment 
terms and a fresh injection of 

Banking sources say negoti- 
ations with the IMF. which 
have been going on now for 
several months, have reached 
deadlock. The IMF is appar- 
ently unwilling to extend new 
credit to Mexico while the 
Government persists in refus- 
ing to combat 75 per cent 
inflation with drastic cuts in 
public spending. 

President Reagan and the 
US Federal Reserve Board 
chairman. Mr Paul Volcker, 
expressed concern this month 
at the stale of the Mexican 
economy, but insist that any 
bail-out would depend on a 
commitment by President de 
la Madrid's Government to 
carry out fundamental eco- 
nomic reforms. 

The Mexican Government, 
increasingly discredited politi- 
cally, has said it is not 
prepared to take measures 
which might risk fuelling pop- 
ular discontent still further. 

With an IMF agreement 

increasingly unlikely then, 
there is little room left for 
manoeuvre, and a showdown 
with the banks is expected. 

This is the eventuality Se- 
nor Silva Herzog has always 
sought to avert. He has said 
that while a debt moratorium 
may appear politically attrac- 
tive in the short term, it would 
have grave repercussions for 
Mexico's economic devel- 

His successor is Seilor Gus- 
tavo Petriccioli, who worked 
for more than 20 years in the 
Bank of Mexico, and has vast 
experience in public finance. 

De la Madrid poll was 
rigged, senator claims 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Senator Jesse Helms has 
publicly claimed that Presi- 
dent de la Madrid of Mexico 
was fraudulently elected in 
1982, and that his party 
falsified legislative poll results 
last year by keeping two sets of 
election books, “one public, 
one private”. 

The accusations were refut- 
ed by the Mexican Embassy as 
groundless and “probably in- 
tended to confuse public 
opinion". The State Depart- 
ment said it bad no reason to 
believe the charges and had 

never seen evidence to sup- 
port them. 

Senator Helms, chairman of 
the sub-committee dealing 
with US-Mexican relations, 
said documents he obtained 
from secret sources in Mexico 
showed that President de la 
Madrid received 39.8 per ant 
of the vote, rather than the 
claimed 71.3 per am He also 
said the ruling Institutional 
Revolutionary Party received 
only 48 per cent of the vote for 
the Chamber of Deputies last 
year, and not the 7 1. 1 per ant 


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Falangists use funeral 
of army terror victims 
to attack Government 

Free-for-all disrupts liner hija 

From Richard 

A funeral with crowds out- 
side shouting insults at Spain's 
Socialist Government and 
singing the old Falangist 
hymn. Face to the sun, went 
ahead here yesterday for the 
three army victims killed on 
Tuesday by an Eta squad. 

The relatives had refused an 
official ceremony in the pres- 
ence of the Defence Minister. 

The crowd, about 700 
strong, many of them army 
officers and some others 
dressed in the blue shirts of 
Franco's National Movement, 
shouted “government 
murderers” and “Eta is guilty, 
but the Government is. to 

Handbills were distributed, 
calling for a vote in Sunday's 
general election ( for the 
extreme right-wing National 
Unity Coalition to “save 

The funeral was led by the 
family of Ricardo Saenz de 
Ynestrillas . one of the victims 
and an army major well 
known for his extreme right- 
wing views. 

None of the coffins could be 
moved to the Army General 

Seventh Eta bomb 

Another bomb, the seventh 
in the rang iai g n by Eta, the 
Basque separatist organiza- 
tion. to disrupt the Costa del 
Sol holiday season, exploded 
on Tuesday night in the fow- 
star Fez Espoda hotel in 
TotTeniolinos, damagin g the 
second floor. 

Headquarters for the custom- 
ary funeral service held to 
honour those gunned down by 
the Basque armed separatist 
organization and attended by 
Senor Narcis Serra, the De- 
fence Minister, and alt three 
service chiefs. 

sentence for plotting to over- 
throw .Spanish democracy, 
had told die army authorities 
that the Spanish flag of the 
Franco era must be used to 
drape the coffin. This flag is 
illegal, having been replaced 
by the re-designed flag of 
Spain's democracy. 

General Jose Saenz, the 
army chief, was insulted on 
Tuesday night when be sought 
to pay his respects to the 

Genoa (Reuter) — Pande- 
monium broke out on the first 
day of the trial of three alleged 
hijackers of the Achille Laura 
liner and 12 alleged accom- 
plices. when a small group of 
Palestinian suympathizera 
staged a noisy protest in the 

Four young people identi- 
fied by police as West Ger- 
mans stood up in ihe~ public 
gallery about two hours after 

the bearing opened and gave 
clenched -fist salutes, while 

clenched -fist salutes, while 
one of them, a woman, began 
to read a statement in English. 

All the protesters were 
(breed violently to the ground 

by plainclothes security 
guards and police and carried. 

One hour after that ceremo- 
ny had been held, a funeral 
service for Major Saenz de 
Ynestrillas. an 'army lieuten- 
ant-colonel shot with him, and 
their national serviceman 
driver took place with all three 
victims' families present in 
the array general hospital. 

But the press and politicians 
“of all parties”, as a spokes- 
man for the bereaved put it, 
were barred entry. 

The family of the major, 
who once served a prison 

The triple killing, claimed 
by Eta in phone rails in the 
Basque country, has raised the. 
political temperature, espe- 
cially with polling due to take 
place in the general elections 
on Sunday. 

Sehor Felipe Gonzalez, the 
Prime Minister, who is seek- 
ing a second four-year term, 
answered worried citizens in a 
radio phone-in programme 
yesterday, telling them the 
best . way to reply to the . 
terrorists was to turn out 

guards and police and carried, 
screaming and lacking, out of 
the courtroom. Police said the 
president of the court would 
decide if any charges should 
be brought against them. 

The woman yelled: “Com- 
rades, we are here to express 
our solidarity with the Pales- 
tine revolution," and 
screamed “Palestine” as she 
was bundled out of the room. 

The court adjourned shortly 
afterwards to consider objec- 
tions by defending lawyers. - 
Military helicopters circled 

as police searched reporters 
and members of the public 

massively to vote on Sunday. 
Senor Manuel Fraga, the 

Senor Manuel Fraga, the 
right-wing leader, used anoth- 
er radio phone-in programme 
to express his sympathy with 
the widows of army and police 
officers killed by Eta. 

Brazilians held over baby-sale plot 

Sao Paulo (Reuter) — Six- 
teen foreign couples, mainly 
Israelis, were detained for 
questioning by Brazilian fed- 
eral police investigating a 
baby-smuggling ring. Brazil- 
ian television reported. 

The couples were taken in 
for questioning in liajai. in the 

southern state of Santa Catari- 
na. late on Monday after 
police arrested six Brazilians 
on charges of seeking to sell 
babies for adoption abroad. 

Police in Itajai said 20 
babies bad been discovered in 
the possession of the Brazil- 

ians. But they said that al- 
though arrests had been made, 
they could not immediately 
confirm or deny the involve- 
ment of foreigners. The televi- 
sion report said the gang, 
which bought the babies for 
$50 (£32) each, was asking 
$15,000 per child. 

and members of the public 
before the trial opened in this 
port city, from where the liner 
began its ill-fated cruise. 

The three alleged hijackers, 
Magied aJ-Molqi, aged 23, 
Ibrahim Abdelatif, aged 22, 
Ahmed al-Assadi, aged 24, 
and two alleged accomplices, 
Mohammed Abbas, aged 24, 
and Said Gandura, aged 37, 
were led into cages minutes 
before the -court president. 
Signor Lino Momeveitie, de- 
clared the hearing open. 

He said a Greek citizen. 
Floras Petros, had been added 
to the list of defendants on 
charges of complicity in the 

Court officials said one of 

* # 4 : 

p 1 k 

Geoffrey Smith; 

Ibrahim Abdelatif one of the AcbiDe Lanro accrued, under goard in a Genoa courtroom cage 

the Palestinians originally ac- 
cused of involvement, Yousef 
Ismail, had been strode off the 
charge sheet because oflack of 

Ten of the defendants, in- 
cluding the Palestinian guer- 
rilla leader Abu ' Abbas, 
accused of masterminding the 
hijack, and Mr Petros, are 
fugitives from justice and are 
being tried in their absence. 

After the court bad sworn in 

a panel of-12 jurors, several 
lawyers representing those 
.who suffered from the hijack- 
;ipg filed civil damage suits 
against the defendants. • 
Among them was a lawyer 

representing Lisa Klinghoffer, 
daughter of Leon Kiinghofier, 
an elderly disabled American 
Idled during the hijack, and 
another r epresenting the own- 
ers of the liner. ' 

The Achille-Lauro was hi- 

jacked by four guerrillas off 
Egypt on October 7 and its 
passengers and crew were held 
hostage “for two days before 
the hijackers surrendered to 1 
Egyptian authorities at Port 

. Mohammed Abbas, cousin 
of Abu Abhas. and the alleged 
hijackers were sentenced by a 
Genoa court in November on 
preliminary diaiges of illegal 
- arms possession. 

Oslo — Norway provides at 
the moment a classic example, 
almost a test esse, of wbat 
every member of the Alliance 
dreams about ia Britain. Here 
is a country with proportional 
representation and a smMpticy 
Sty of parties, in which no 
single party or established 
combination of parties holds 
an absolute majority of seats; 
and power now revolves 
around the centre. 

The position was drama- 
tized last month with the faff 
of the aoa-SDda&st coalition _ 
that had governed the country 
since 1983. This Govenanent 
of Conservatives, Christian 
People’s Party and Centre 
Party resigned when the * 
Storting rejected by one vote a 
proposal to increase peond tax, 
the first part of an austerity 
programme necessit a ted by" 
the collapse of off prices. 

The ncn-SoriaEst Govern- 
ment, which had reded as a 

minority administration with 

77 members, feB when It hist 
the support of the two mem- 
bers of the extreme right-wing 
Progress Party. 

Need for approval 
of middle parties 

Russia set 
for arts 

From Christopher Walker 
• Moscow 

The Supreme Soviet, the 
Soviet Parliament, yesterday 
cleared the way for a new man 
to take control of the arts 
when it appointed Mr Pyotr 
Demichev,the veteran Culture 
Minister, to the largely cere- 
monial post ofVice-Presideiii, 
in place, -of Mr Vassily 
Kuznetsov, aged 85. 

It was replaced by a Labour 
minority- administration, 
which now governs with 78 
members. Bat the new Govern- 
ment can bold on to office for 
any length of time only with 
the approval, or at least acqui- 
escence, of the smaller parties 
in the middle. 

Perhaps the Labom- Gov- 
ernment will be able to moder- 
ate its potides sufficiently to 
satisfy them. They all have in 
common an instinctive accep- 
tance of-huh oubQc spending 

The move was seen as 
another attempt - by Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sovf- 
eCIeader, ioT^movt members' 
of the- Brezhnev old guard 
frorir positions Of political 
influence.' 7 . .. . 7 

Mr Demichev, aged 68, was 
associated- with the. cultural 
stagnation of the Brezhnev 
era, and hjs orthodox, ap- 
proach to the Aits was at odds j 
with the new Kremlin image. 

His move upstairs had been 
widely .expected, and came a 
week , before the: congress of 
Soviet writers : in Moscow 
which could pave the- way fora 
fresh approach to Jiter&ure. - 

Mr. Kuznetsov, the retiring 
Vice-President was a career 
diplomat whose influence had 
long since waned. 

Mr Demichev will r emain a not look Hke that. Between 
non-voting member of the now And toe next election in 

T>n IIAi.mii ■ v f _ • ’ 3 IBfiQ ]*JoTfnr»in n iwUiriiw rnlf 

Politburo, which he joined 1589 .Non 
under NBdta Khrushchev in bedoutina 
1964. His new function will be Perhaps 
to act as deputy to President soon 
Andrei Gromyko,- aged .76, seta* t fax 
who looked -fit during believ e * 
yesterday’s Supreme Soviet stroi£ en 
session, after his recent fflpess. fionvinring 

’■ EEC transport ministers' 
come under pressure today 
from the EEC Conimissfoit to. 

1989 Norwegian politics will 
be dominated by the centre. 

Perhaps the middle parties 
will soon be rating by them- 
selves, though ft Is hard to 
believe that- they would , he 
strong en ough to form a 
co n vinci n g administration. If 
not, the next three years wiD 
be characterized by.the compe- 
tition for their (ardor. 

This should be gratifying to 
the advocates of centrist, pou- 
ffes, hot it wffi also 'be a test of 
the capacity of mygirer middle 
parties to contribme to strong 
and stable government. 

. The prerioas government 
may -have perished h the 
attempt to introduce an anster-r 
ity programme, tart the need' 
for such a programme has net 
vanished with It Norway stiff 

agree to liberalization of air I bas to adjust to the fall hi off 

transport in -Europe. The 
COmmzssioii yesterday pub- 

prices. But wffl the influence of 
the middle parties- make it 

listed proposals for cheaper- harder to take tin tough 
airfares and more flexible air derisions? 

routes, - and threatened - legal 
action 7 against airlines and 
governments if transport min- 
isters failed to act. . 

The Commission’s propos- 
es follow a riding by the ■**. ** . 

European Court of Justioe that 

price . fixing and- air cartels ■ . t anners . .. probably 
.werecontrary to tteTreatyof :*£} P*M* money more 
Rome and .were illegal. The 

Farmers gobble iip 
public money 

Electrification of lines means a cleaner, fester, more reliable 

lb make sure thatls precisely what you get, British Rail now uses 
25,000 volt overhead cables almost everywhere north of theThames. 
South of the river we use the 'third rail' system. 

Put together, that means 75% of the entire Network is now 

operating on electricity. 

So successful has the changeover been we are nowable to set 
ourselves the task of ensuring that 90% of all trains arrive on or within 

five minutes of their scheduled time. 

No mean achievement when you consider we run over 50,400 
trains every week. 

Just one example of the new found energy we're puttinq back 
into the railways. 

judgment arose from a cag e 
brought by a French travel 

The Commission plan 
would prevent governments 
from, intervening to support 
national .airlines unless the 
airline's' share of a route'Jhfl 
below 25 per cent It also 
provides for arbitration be- 
tween EEC states over routes 
and prices. • 

Network SouthEast 

Under tbe : Commission’s 
proposals; a irtines could apply, 
to operate “reasonable” low 
cost and discount fores; bear- 
ing in mind operating costs. 
Once- agreed, the cheap fores 
would be.bindug. 

Commission sources said 
-that if '-transport ministers, 
foiled , to make progres s , the 
Commission would take air- 
lines -to; the. European; .Court 
for -infringement of competi- 
tion rutes^,. ..- . ... v - - 

Norway. .The Christian 
People's Party draws its sap-: 
port from many retired voters 
and Other recipients of transfer 
payments |n rural areas. Will’ 
these parties xeaBy help any 
government to eat back? 

- Wilt ; they evea - help any 
government tosay in office for 
rang? The one administratloii- 
that : WonU have a secure, 
majority in the present 
Storting would be a coalition 
of Labour and the middle 
parties. Bat they are inhibited 
from forming such a govern-; 
jaent Means* toeir voters diff 
not send them to the Shorting 
to join a socialist coalition. Yet 
It is not dear whether any- 
other government can last. 

’. It win be worth the rest of- 
Emope keeping an eye on 
Norwegian pohticr over the 
next few years to see ff they , 
provide an example.ef centrist 
partiesas a nMderating force 
or astumbting block.. . \-.‘i 


• ^ 

•; •• - • \ 



Nakasonc in confident 

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Xr» ui :},.. ..... St ***& 

Mir Yasuhfro Nakasone, the 
Prune • Minister, launched- 
Japan’s double elections yes-, 
tcrday m typically setfconfi- 
dent style, portrayuig lumsdf 
as the politician ■ who .. gets 

ihfngs dona. • ; . '“ ' 

" “I give orders tonainisters . 
by directly raffing them from 
the official residence. This is a 
style which maiches^onr high- 
ly infbnnationalized (sic) soci- 
ety. Mr Nakasonc -told the 
Tokyo audience , at. his first 
official campaign speech on 
the first day of campaigning 
for the upper house: -> 

Although elections for both 
upper and lower bouses take 
place on July 6, campaigning 
for the lower house does.' not ' 
begin officially until Saturday. 

The Prime Ministensaid the 
election . would pass judge- 
ment on his polipy of !“dosing 
the accounts on the Seamd . 
World War” — that is short- 
hand for saying that ; Japan 
must stand tall internationally . 
and 'stick more closely' to its.; 
traditions at home. ' 

But it is a phrase that is so 
vague as to mean .almost ' 
anything, depending on what 
each listener reads info it. and 
for that reason ewtears Mr 
Nakasone to some but-causes 
doubts about his- red in ten-' - 
tions among othersc • 

“I can't draw myjast breath 
until, t have finished imple- 
menting these revisions,”he : 

; From David Watts, Tokyo 

desires, Mr Nakasone -.maff- 
'aged td avoid the (me real 
iSsnc that has so for emerged— 

' taxation. • * \ ‘ y 
■ .Both foe; Prime .Minister, 
and his follow Liberal Demo- 
cratic Party (LDP) leaders are 
denying that they have any' 
intention of raising -taxes, 
either directly or indirectly. 

But the electorate -and the 
Opposition is likely to take 
some convincing . ' \ . 

Mr' Nakasone”^ 'principal 
opponent, Mr MasashT Ishj- 
bashi, of the Socialist Party, 
launched his campaign in 
^aracteristically . brash style . 

on. Mr NalraKHteV poSttea] 1 
home lurf/to - the Gumma 

The -Socialist Party-leader 
has not forgiven Mr Nakasone 
foecalfingthe double Section, 
when afr along be was making 
out that he was going to do no . 
such thing, “Tve never seen 

moral teaching for children, 
and moderation in individual 

A vrhite-gloved Mr Naka- 
sooeon foe election trafl. 




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• tr «!.’:> 

: »» 

‘ “r !»: : 

1 -are 

such a liar.' -What /have 
Nakasone policies achieved? 

. “With national finances m 
the red he gives special ^treat- 
ment to mflitaiy pending, 
while the budgets for welfare 
and educatioiMre cut.; 

“Salaries and the rice subsi- 
dy are held down and there is 
no reductionin (sees. 

“If the Prime Minister wins 
the election the coling of 1 per 
cent of gross national product 
on defence will be, breached 
and a tax increase is- waiting 

. . . even though- the Prime 
.Minister may deny taxes will 
be increased, who will believe 
what foe liar says?. . 

^Without a change of ruling 
party lia this country democra- 
cy is a skeleton.” 

So far ibere are 463 candi- 
dates for the . 126 -seats being 
contested in the upper house, 
but that number may change 
as adjustments may be made 
.until .within- three, days of 
-ppUfogday. - 

Changes are still going on in 
tire. number of contestants for 
the lower house. The mast 
recent is the addition of five 
candidates for foe Fukuda 
faction of the 'reding party. 

; Mr Shin taro Abe, the For- 
eign Minister, is the leader of 
the faction and a candidate to 
replace Mr Nakasone. 

He got four extra contend- 
ers after complaining that foe 
faction had not got a foir deal 
to foe original distribution of 
candidates among party fac- 
tions & week ago. 

South Koreans reject 
Pyongyang talks offer 

From Onr pim CorrespoDdetit, Tokyo • 

South Korea has swiftly 
rejected a North Korean pro- 
posal for talks on hatting both 
military exercises and- the 
expansion offerees. . 

Though the South said on 
Tuesday that It would “closely 
scrutinize” the proposal, a 
spokesman said yesterday that 
the offer by the North Korean 
Minister of Defence, Mr O Jin 
U, “does not deserve 

It was merely a propaganda' 
ploy anti “a scheme to shuck 
(sic) responsibility for the 
unilateral suspension (ti the 
inter-Korean dialogue’ 1 . . 

South Korea maintains That 

there areappropriale political 
anti diplomatic channels 
which could be used for 
di scussi ons ,• 

“If North Korea wants to 
make some proposals it 
should use e xi st ing channels 
and agree to a meeting of the 
top leaders of foe two 

The South evidently sees 
Pyongyang’s approach to both 
the Americans and themselves 
as a surreptitious way of 
bringing about the tripartite 
talks that the North wants. 
The- South' maintains .that 
there, should be no l& 
•involvement ■ 

Thailand gets 
$1.5m to 
fight pirates 

Bangkok (AP) — Western 
nations presented the Thai 
Government with. $1.5 mil- 
lion (£1 million)- yesterday to 
continue funding for its mo- 
gramme to combat {mates 
who attack Vietnamese boat 
refugees. - 

The money was the first 
instalment of'$257 mfifion 
which 11 countriesare donat- 
ing to the programme, which 
b^ins its fifth year next 

It co-ordinates campaigns 
by the Thai Navy, harbour 
department ami - police to 
combat pirates in.the Giilfof 
Thailand.' ^ r ■ 

President Seaman announcing rite resignation of Chief Justice Warren 1 
Rehngmst, second light, as his successor, and Judge Antonin " 

(right) flnH nominating Justice W illiam 
as a member of the Supreme Court 

US Supreme Court leans to the right 



President Reagan’s appofait- 
meat of Justice WflKain Refra- 
qmst to bead the Supreme 
Court gives him at last a court 
more .likely to aphold the 
conservative positions his Ad- 
ministratiou has pressed for 
the past six years. 

The retirement of Chief 
Justice Warren Burger after 
17 yean promises to alter the 
delicate political balance in 
America's highest tribmmL 
And just as President 
Johnson's social Tefonns were 
underpinned by Earl Warren's 
activist- court, in sympathy 
witii the goals of the “Great 
Society”, so today’s conserva- 
tives are jubilant that the third 
p&br Of the American Govern- 
ment may -now articulate un- 
ambiguously the same philo- 
sophy as the Admfmstratioa, 
rrying the Reagan legacy 
rward for years to come. 

To many, the Burger court 
has beea a disappointment. 
The right wing 1 as found it 

more moderate than conserva- 
tive. President Nixon’s four 
appointments did not lead to 
the expected counter-revolu- 
tion; foe court left a remark- 
able part of the Warren court 
ratings intact, cutting 
some tat overruling few of its 
derisions. It has also repeated- 
ly upheld its contr o versial 
1973 ruling allowing abortion. 

The left, bn the other hand, 
has watched witii ahum the 
retreat from activism, die 
; of greater freedom to 
and foe growing 
influence of the conservatives. 

Others have criticized the 
lack of any dear direction, the 
appearance of drift hi a sea of 
ambiguous compromises. Jus- 
tice Burger, many say, brought 
to the court neither presence 
norintelkcteal leadership. He 
seemed content to let foe two 
wings struggle for the hearts 
and opi ni ons of the three or 
four justices in the middle. 

Meanwhile, foe volume. of 
cases piled up, the opinions 
became wordier and the thrust 
of important jn&ngs less dear. 

Gases were treated more nar- 
rowly, and individual- opinions 
proliferated. The coortbched 
cohesion and gave an impres- 
sion of old men soldiering on. 

Chief Justice Rehnqmst will 
probably change this. One of 
foe youngest and most incisive 
of the rune justices, he has 
long been the acknowledged 
leader of the .conservative 
factious. Though his sharply- 
worded opinions have often 
left him in the dissenting 
minority, his . influence has 
grown steadily. He promises 
to restore to foe court vigour 
and intellectual clarity. 

The court wfl] remain an rid 
one, however. With five mem- 
bers over 77, foe average age 
today hi 74. After Justice 
Burger's departure next month 
and the arrival of Judge 
Antonin Scalia, aged 50, it will 
still be 71. Neither will the 
ideological balance alter sig- 
nificantly: Justice Burner was 
a conservative, law-and-order 
, tboflgh one wbomcreas- 
veered towards the cen- 

tre; Judge Scalia, the first 
Italianr American to be ap- 
pointed to the court, is also a 
conservative who. like Rehn- 
qnist, is a “strict 
constructionist” of foe Consti- 
tution, ami favours returning 
derision- making to individual 

An advocate of judicial re- 
straint, he believes, like Presi- 
dent Reagan, that the courts 
should defer to Congress in 
interpreting foe laws. But 
whereas under Justice Burger 
the conservative majority was 
blunted by a search for consen- 
sus, Justice Rehnqnist is like- 
ly to give the court a firmer 
conservative stamp. 

Presidents have often tried 
to “pack foe court” witii 
nominees sharing their views. 
But this rarely works. Justices 
are constitutionally and tem- 
peramentally fedependeut. Mr 
Reagan’s only other nominee. 
Justice Sandra Day 
O'Connor, is proving feistier 
and less predictably conserva- 
tive than many in the Adminis- 
tration might have hoped. 

Peking prize for spouse-swap film 

Peking (Reuter) — China 
announced its equivalent of 
Hollywood's t^Oscare” yester- 
" y, gi ving its 1985 best film 
aid U> a controversial mov- 
ie that raised the hackles of 
Pelting hardliner with ns tale 
of spouse-swapping and cap- 
italism. -' 

The announcement of the 
Golden Rooster awards. was 
delayed a month because of 
the controversy, film mdustty 
sonctes saidr V: " ' -•/' ■ 

The New China News , 
cy said the best feature 
award went to Wild Moun- 
tain . which deals' with the 
impact of China's economic 
reforms on two couples. 

The sources said the film 
aroused opposition from ele- 
ments in the Communist Par- 
ty who accept such reforms 
reluctantly, but in the end the 
recommendations, of the film 
industry judging . panel had 
b&rrespected. *V. 

The two couples in the film 
end up divorcing, swapping 
partners and remarrying. One 
couple launches into bold 
business activities. 

Wild Mountain won seven 
of the annual Golden Rooster 
awardsj Deluding those for 
best actress and best director. 
The leading actor in another 
controversial film. The Black 
Cannon Incident, won the 
ateard for best, male 

19 Chinese 
escape in 
small boat 

Seoul (AP) — Nineteen Chi- 
nese seeking political asylum 
in Taiwan have steered a 
small boat to South Korea. 

The group includes govern- 
ment officials and merchants. 

Police said they were in 
Inchon, west of SeouL China, 
with no formal ties with South 
Korea, has yet to react. 

sticks to 

From Ahmed Fad 

President Ershad took an- 
other step towards democracy 
yesterday when he partially 
revived the Bangladesh con- 
stitution. However, a senior 
government minister said 
martial law, which has been in 
force for more than four years, 
would continue. 

General Ershad issued three 
orders which revived provi- 
sions of the 1972 constitution, 
enabling the Government to 
bold the first session of the 
newly-elected Parliament un- 
der martial law. 

* On Tuesday, the genera] 
announced that Rarflament 
would meet on July 10, and 
made the Religious Affairs 
Minister. Mr Shamsul Huda 
Chowdbury, the Acting 

The Communications Min- 
ister, Mr Mizanur Rahman 
Chowdhury, a strong contend- 
er for the premiership, said 
yesterday that martial law 
would be maintained until 
presidential elections, expect- 
ed to be held next November. 

Meanwhile, Sheikh Hasina 
Wazed, head of the Awami 
League, the largest opposition 
group in Parliament, said at a 
meeting in Tangfl, about 80 
miles from Dhaka, that unless 
martial law were lifted, her 
party would reconsider its 
derision to take its seats in 

Crackdown by 
Vietnam on 
corrupt cadres 

Bangkok (AP) — Many Viet- 
namese Communist Party 
cadres and civil servants are 
enriching themselves through 
crime and corruption, and will 
be severely punished in the 
courts, Vietnam's official 
newspaper says. 

Many party members, state 
workers and civil servants 
“have degenerated, become 
degraded and debauched, or 
committed such crimes as 
exploitation, theft, corruption, 
oppression of the masses and 
violation of socialist property 
and law,” Nhan Dan said. 

A leading article said specu- 
lators, smugglers, illegal busi- 
nessmen, “economic 
saboteurs” and other crimi- 
nals had encouraged small 
merchants and private traders 
to disrupt the market. 

Law Report June 19 1986 

Court cannot review refusal to hire 

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▼ Trent Regional 
Health Authority, Ex parte 

Before Mr Justice Nfacpherson 
[Judgment given June 17] 

The decision of a' health 
authority not to appoint to the 
post of consultant orthopaedic 
surgeon a candidate .recom- 
mended by the advisory 
appointment committee- was 
not susceptible of judicial 


Legislative regulation of 
health authority powers of 
appointment was bruited and 
did not amount tp statutory 
underpinning sufficient to re- 
move that function from the 
reahn of the ordinary law relat- 
ing to master and servant . 

Mr Justice Macpherson so. 
held in the Queen’s Bench 
Division dismissing an applica- 
tion by Robert Norman Jones 
for jndicia] review of the de- 
cision of the Treat Regional 
Health Authority not to appoint 
him consultant orthopaedic sur- 
geon in the Lincoln and Louth 
District contrary to the recom- 
mendation of tire advisory 
appointment committee: 

Mr David Pannick for the 
. applicant; Mr J. R M. Mfimo, 
QC and Mr RJ. Owen, for tire 
.. . • regional health authority. 


c . PHERSON said that the ap- 
plicant sought judicial review of 
i-' w the derision of the Trent Re- 
^ \ gional Health .Authority 
whereby it was resolved that the 
post of consultant swtbopnedic 
_ -■ surgeon for the North Lincoto- 
‘ ,.v shire Health Authority at Louth 
, "■ County Hospital should be 

... That derision meant that the 

health authority bad derided 
not to appoint the applicant to 
that post- . .. 

It was said that that derision 
was subject to the court’s juris- 
diction under Order 53 of the 
Rules of the Supreme- Coun, - 
and that the decision could be 
attacked upon the pounds that : 
it was Wednesbwry unreasoB- 
-=•. abtefll94811 KBa3)andtiua 
. . ii was a decision made in breach . 

■ of the rules of natural ju stice..^ 

It was provided by paragraph 
•" 10(1) of Schedule 5 to' the 

National Health Service Act 
.. ' r I977ias amended by theHealth 
..r' ' and Social Security Act 1984 and 
foe Health and Social Services 
* and Soria! Security Adjudica- 
"»* uons Act 1983] as follows: 

with regulations and such dira>. 

. ./ .: ikms as may be given by foe 
-*• . secretary of state, an aafoonty 
...may employ such officers as 

it may detenmne' at snrit 
, ; • remuneration and on such am- 
; ' , ditions of service as it may 
deietminc; and i«ilaiions.and 
.- • directions under this sob-para- 
, grapb may contaiii proviskm — 

• .• (a) with respect to the qnalinca- .- 
^ uons of persons wbo nrW be 

- ’ empfoved as oflfcos .of an . 

• ' t authority; (b) requirmg an : 
l authority to emgtoy; for foe 
. purpose of penbrming. pro-. , 
scribed functions of the author 
h .. • . fty or any other bddy, rtfBccrs ' 
" having prescribed tpa^ficaxiMS 

* ' -■ . or experience; and <C)-aMp 

manneriawhichaiiy officers of 
an authority - ire to be 
appointed.” .• 

Regulations made under 
. those provisions were - foe* No- 
tional Health Service (Appoint- 
ment of Consultants) 
Regulations (SI ]982 No 276). 

'I Those wero fimited regula- 
tions and made it necessary to 
advertise sppointments to.' 
which the rraulaiioos applied, 

and trovidea foal an .advisory- 
appointments committee 
. should consider all applications 
received by an ' appointing 
^authority. . 

/ So for as foe health 
was concerned, ' regulation 
provided: “(1) An authority 
shall not make an appointment 
to which these regulations apply 

(a) except from persons whose 
tames have been su bm itted, to ft 
by a committee wider, regula- 
tion 7; . . . 

' “(3) Where an anthcrity de- 
cides not to make an appoint- 
mem'fronr persons named by a 
committee or where an author- . 
ity is informed . -.that none of 
foe applicants is suitable, foe 
committee shall - be^ discharged 
and these regulations shall a®ly 
to any further proposal by the 
authority to' make an .appoint- 
ment to the relevant post as they 
applied to the- original 
proposal.**. ' 

The Schedules to; the Regula- 
tions laid down rules for. the 
constitution of appointment 
committees, and certain general 
provisons in. connection . with . 
tbeirfanctibns. . 

Nowhere in foe statutes or in 
foe Regulations' was there any 
-express statutory provision or. 
guidance which restricted or - 
controHed foe. health authority 
m its choice or method ofcboice 
of persons for employment ex- 
cept as set ou\ m the' 1982 . 

The presc ri bed' terms and- 
eonditions. of service' were set 
out in & Nat lonaLHeahh Service 
Red Book revised to April I98L 

It was accepted by both sides • 
that- those randioons of service 
would have- been incorporated 
into any contract that might 
. have beeir given to the ap- ; 
pJkanL . 

When the relevant appointing . 
committee did its job ft had 
before h -particulars of t5 can- 
di dates, including those of foe . 
applicant Six candidates were 
shortlisted and interviewed. The 
applicant was the role candidate - 
recommended for appointment 
The vacancy bad been properly 
advertised, and all foe machin- - 
ery before foe advisory commix- • 
tee wa» in order. 

- . On foe day. of .his interview 
foe applirant was told that he ' 
would be ' recomntended. and 
that the appointment -was “due . ratified” by foe health 
aufoority. . ' 

■ - In fact irwasnot a question pf 
ratification at alL since foe. 
appointment committee's -task- ■ 
was to submit names or make 
comments. _ Appointment, as . 
-such was entirely a matter for 
foe health authority.- - 
: : 'Afterfoat iht'aOTficani'sref- 
erenoes werexonsidered by foe 
health -aofooritw One of them ■ 
refentdto Apenod of sick leave . 

given to 1985 following what was 
described sis - a “temporary 
aberration of bebavious with 

The applicant was asked to 
provide a medical report 
concerning that period of rick 
leave. Before the .report could 
have been received by the health 
■' aufoority the applicant received 
two unfortunate and over-zeal- 
ous letters ' which plainly re- 
ferred to his appointment as if it 
were an accomplished fact. ' 

fait the applicant knew, or 
should have known then, that 
the health authority was the 
appointing authority; and be 
knew foal there might have been 
a medical quay about his. rick 

Two. medical reports were 
before the court. Neither doctor 
believed, that there was any 
medical or neurological reason 
why foe applicant should not be 
appointed. But it was not for 
them to say as the decision 
remained with the health 
authority. : It was; their duty to 

- give an -hottest and conridered 
view to the autbority. 

The first question was 
whether foe court had jurisdic- 
tion- and thus whether foe 
matter was justiciatrie at all. 

: It was-argued by Mr Pannick 
that m their appointing role foe 
health . authority per fo r m ed a 
pubfe law function, acting, as he 
said, pursuant tostatulory pow- 
ers and duties as to the manner 
of appointment. . ' 

. There , was, be submitted, 
statutory underpinning of the 
appointment process, so that- the 
matter the field of public 
-law .and . subject to au the 
processes and principles of ju- 
. dteiaLreview. 

Mr Milmo . argued that 
employinent by. the public 
-authority was not enough in 
itself to inject any element of 
public Jaw '.into toe matter 
• sufficient to justify- die court's 


. . Nor, be said, was these any 
statutory underpinning of. the 
process of appointment in this 
case except as expressly pro- 
vided. .by the 'Regulations. He 
relied upon ft r East Berkshire 
Health Authority. Ex parte 
Walsh (JI98SJ QB 152). 

In foe instant case foe prin- 
ciples' of Walsh applied and 
governed . the application. 
Seniority of, status made no 

- The vital requirement before 
judicial review was available 
was statutory underpinning and 

-these- was hone -here. The 
Regulations which governed foe 
..matter .were limited in extent. 
They ensured that onlyquafified 
* and prima facie suitable persons 
came before foe health authority 
for consideration. . 

They provided a- screen or 
sieve , for that purpose by the 
operation of appointments 
committees. And nobody might 
be conridered by the health 
authority unless the - vacancy 
had beea advertised and foe 
appointments committee las 
done its job. 

Beyond that the health 
aufoority might employ such 
. person as it.mtebt itself deter- 
mine. in that. function and at 
that stage it was in no way 
different from any . commercial 
or other employer. 

In considering that primary 
question the court looked at R v 
Secretary cf State fir the Home 
Department .Ex parte Benwdl 
019851 OB 554) and R- * 
Hertjordshire County Council, 
Ex parte ' National Union of 
Public Employees ([1985] 1RLR 
258). BOfo were dismissal cases. 

The question was whether any 
statutory provision truly bore 
upon the process of appoint- 
ment by foe health authority 
once it had before it one or more 
applications screened for it by 
the appointments committee. 

His Lordship concluded that 
there was no.' such statutory 
connection or underpinning at the process. 

It was true that that meant 
that the applicant had no rem- 
edy againsrthe rejection of his 
application. But no more did 
any applicant for any employ- 
ment have such a remedy. 

.There was to the case no real 
distinction from,- an ordinary 
master and servant case. A 
consultant surgeon was an em- 
ployee: and be held no “office” 
or position which placed him on 
a different plane any more than 
did the nursing officer in Walsh. 

The common law-had always 
to -some extent, protected 
employees at the fbmg stage, 
and the industrial legislation of 
recent years had extended that 
protection; but foere had never 
been any legal rwht to be .hired 
and to -bis Lordship's judgment 
there was none here, nor any- 
thing- which- required the court 
to - supervise tint stage of the 
relationship because of any 
statutory underpinning. 

Solid tors: Hempsons; Mr J, 
D. Evans. Sheffield. 

In reN (a Minor) 

.’ A-. soda! worker .making . a 
narrative affidavit in proceed- 
ings concerning children should 
depose in foe affidavit that he 
was prepsued to attend for cross- 
examination' if in foe affidavit 
he referred to events before he 
took over responsibility for. the 

Mi; Justice Anthony Lincoln 
so statedin. foe Family Division 
when giving judgment to ward- 
ship proceedings on June 18. 

HIS LORDSHIP said that to 

the -present.' case the. social 
worker had been appointed to 
supervise the family to 1983 but 
his - affidavit referred to the 
family's experience since 1971. 

In children's cases .the court 
did not exclude hearsay ev- 
idence but assessed the weight to 
be attached to such evidence 
with care:. Where an allegation 
was made 'Which was part of a 
charge against a parent then foe 
rule which required foe depo- 
nent to state bis source of 
information and belief should 
be enforced. 

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Radical scourge of the common room 




U ntil recently university 
administrators were 
used to working in a 
rarefied and cosy 
world where the rules 
were known only to themselves 
and a handf ul of civil servants. No 
more: higher education is now at 
the top of the political a gen da , 
pushed there by the financial 
squeeze and by the paucity of 
student grants. - 
Prominent among those who 
have stormed the ivory towns is 
Sir Peter Swinnerton-Dyer, chair- 
man of the University Grants 
Committee and renowned for bis 
vigorous leadership of a commit- 
tee which used to operate by 
gentleman’s agreement. Universi- 
ties have been forced to wake up to 
the outside world, to think about 
the relative quality of their re* 
search and teaching. 

Yet when he was offered the job 
Sir Peter thought long and hard 
about it So few people, after all, 
appeared to want it. “I asked 
myself whether 1 wanted to do it 
and then I thought ’Could I live 
with myself if I turned it down? 
The answer was no." 

For Sir Peter, former vice- 
chancellor of Cambridge Univer- 
sity, distinguished mathematician 
and sixteenth holder of his 
family’s baronetcy, the job was a 
considerable challenge. “Despite 
my rather odd and limited back- 
ground, some people whose opin- 
ion I respected said I was clearly 
the right person.” 

And so in 1983 he threw in his 
job as master of St Catharine’s 
College. Cambridge, to become a 
fully fledged member of the great 
and the good, advising the Gov- 
ernment on how money should be 
allocated to the universities. The 
second half of his family mono 
“Unwilling to Frighten, Unac- 
quainted with Fear’ has stood 
him in good stead in recent weeks 
as he has taken on the Govern- 
ment; the first halt however, has 

had to be shelved as be adminis- 
tered cuts to the universities. 

He emerges from the fray with 
astonishing good humour and 
displaying all the self-confidence 
one might expect from an intellec- 
tual with an Eton and Cambridge 
pedigree. His hide is “reasonably 
thick” hesays, but he has come in 
for less venom thanletters to The 
Times might suggest 

It was a surprise to many that a 
Conservative Government should 
appoint a prominent member, of 
the Social Democratic Party to the 
job of buffer between it and the 
universities in a period of re- 
trenchment. Sir Peter was thought 
so “wet” that he has acquired the 
nickname of “spin dryer” 

I t is believed that Mrs 
Thatcher did not want to 
give him the job but was' 
prevailed upon by Sir Keith • 
. Joseph, the former Secretary 
of Slate for Education and Sci- 
ence, who Eked Sir Peter’s mind- 
and temperament The decisive 
factor was thought to be his tough 
valedictory speech as Cambridge's 
vice-chancellor in 1981 in which' 
he criticized ageing, burnt-out 
dons “who draw a hill day’s pay 
for half a day’s work”. Mrs 
Thatcher likes that kind of talk. 

In reality Sir Peter is in the 
“tough but tender” mould of 
politician. He courts unpopularity 
with the Government by saying 
publicly, and increasingly fre- 
quently, that universities mil have 
to close unless the system receives 
more funding. Academics distrust . 
him because of his radicalism. 

Rumour had it that be was a 
candidate for the presidency of 
Trinity College, Cambridge, last 
time round, but was ruled out as a 
dangerous radical Dons do not 
like, for example, his criticism of 
the academic tenure system or the 
recent UGC “selectivity” exercise 
he masterminded which ranked 

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1927: Bom Henry Peter Francis ■ 
Swirmertbn-Dyer, August Z, 

. in Nort hu m b erland. 

©40: Scholarship to Bon. 

©4ft Qraduates from Trinity^ 

CoHoga, Cambridge with is* 
in mathematics- . . . - ■ 

©50: Awarded r e se a rch fellowship 
at Trinity College. 

©54: Comironweafth Fund FfcSow. 

I960: Lecturer in 

laboratory at Cambridge. 

1967: FeHow of the I 
H7fc Appointed top 
■ math e mat ics at < 
spends & year ail 
1373: Master of St Catharine s 
College, Cambridge. 

©75: Succeeds to baronetcy. 
©80: Chairman of c ommittee on 
academic organization. 
London University.. 

J383: Marries Dr Harriet Crawford, 
and becomes chairman of 
University Grants 

* *■ •• * v> _ 

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' v ■ ' :--x Kijyff 

Sr Peter, chairman of the University Grants Committee: “Open decision nMtfag is necessary” 

universities according to the quali- 
ty of their research, and rewarded 
them accordingly. 

-There is undoubtedly substance 
in the criticisms of the university 
ratings. Even Sir Peter says: “We 
have actually probably made one 
indisputable error per university 
in the assessments, and for a given 
university we don’t know which 
department we have made that 
error in. But to do as well as that is 
actually pretty impressive in the 

Although Sir Peter denies it, it is 
believed that he has been told by 

ministers in the last.few days to 
shut up and to stop frightening the 
public with talk of university 
closures. He had to give up his 
involvement with the SDP on his 
appointment to the UGC job. In 
fact, he was asked by Sir Keith to 
keep a low profile, which meant 
that he had to stop making public 
his opposition to Trident' 

As an academic and an effective 
political operator. Sir Peter be- 
lieves in persuading by_the power 
of argument. His outspokenness is 
partly a function of this , and he 
argues an extremely, powerful 

case. This must be the key to his 
achievement His proposals for 
the reorganization Of London 
University and his -success in 
pushing through the merger of the 
University of Ulster and Ulster 
Polytechnic - jobs he undertook 
before his current post -'testify to 
his consummate operating rfrifi- 
Sir Peter jokes sardonically that 
in Ireland - as in academic politics 
- success depends on the ability to 
drink one’s opponents under the 
table. In Cambridge that entails 
imbibing a great deal of port; in 
Ireland, Black Bush whiskey. Sir 

Peter is dearly able to stand 
-. upright after a lot .of both. . . 

; He will be able to weather the 
current storm over university 
; rangings partly because he is so 
open about the way in which he 
makes decisions - something 
which cannot be said of ms 
predecessors. It may not be the 
most efficient way to proceed, .he 
says, “but open decision making is 
necessary in a democracy” 

The leaders of the Association 
of University Teachers, the uni- 
versity lect ur ers’ union, may not 
like bis decisions, but they know, 
the criteria he is using and they 

respect his straighforwardness. 
University vice-chancellors feel 
the same, though they may won- . 
der how much be is aigumg-on. 
behalf of the universities and how is frying to make a case for 
the Secretary of States Significant- : 
ly, dvfl servants admire him. “He 
is playing our game”, said one. 

Sir Peter has a lot of fens among 
those who know him and enemies 
among those who do not A 
bachelor don nntil ihree years ago, 
when he married Dr Harriet 
Crawford, a part-time archaeology 
lecturer, he is gregarious, friendly 
and dauntmgly clever — “too 
dever by hair, some say. 

There is no false modesty there. 
“I did extremely well at school”, 
he says. “If you are any goodat 
maths you are very good at it and - 
-itcomes dead easy.” He got every 
scholarship be went in for - fins 
from tiie Dragon School, Oxford, 
to Eton and then from Eton to 
Trinity College, Cambridge. . 

After a research fellowship, tee 
plodded bis way up the academic 
-ladder. He admits |» one disap- ■ 

pointment in agfitteringcareenhe 
feiled to get an assistant lecture* 
ship hi the- maths department at 
Cambridge and had to settle fora.y 
job m the computer laboratory. v 
This began an important in- 
volvement m the early years of 
computing at Cambridge, after 
which - be became ; a professor, 
spent a sabbatical year si Harvard, 
and proceeded to more worldly 
jobs in university administra tion. 

D uring his spare time, of 
which there is Sole; Sir 
Peter reads history. In 
his younger days he 
. - used to play bridge “I 

played very intensively for some- 
thing tike 20 3fe*f5 and at the end, 
when f gave it up, 2 would have 
been oa any last of world class 
players”, he says mo&sdy. 

He throws- himself into life with'' 
en ormo us zest Where once, as 
master of ft Catharine’s, he played 
squash and tennis for the college 
first team he now attends funo* 
lions in London during the week 
and “destroys” his garden at 

At the age of 59, Sr Peter has 
another two years to so in the job. 
Despite the bulging tn-ensy and the 
functions, he dearly enjoys it 
Would be like to serve a second 
term? “The expectation, is that in 
another two years I will go back to 
Cambridge?, he says cautiously. 
Whether h£* does or not w& 
probably depend on the Govern- . j 
merit in power.. 

_ If. the call comes from the 
Department ' of Education and 
Sdencc, Sir Peter is likely to grab 
the poisoned chalice again, eager 
for another challenge. 

Lucy Hodges 

Almost four rnOes outside 
. Cochabamba in the agricultur- 

— - al heartland of Bolivia, along a 

bumpy, dirty, pot-holed road 
..r next door to a. turkey form, is 
the San Martin de Forres 
. Home for Boys* The boys are 

— drug addicts, the broken, trag- 

_ ic product of Bolivia’s boom- 

% ing cocaine traffic. 

Housed at what was once an* 
orphanage are 45 youngsters 
ranging in age from six years 
to 20. Most of them are 

— phQUrox, smokers of cocaine 
paste (in Spanish, baseU the 
sticky substance produced in 
the first stage of processing 
coca leaves into hydrochloride 
(cocaine powder). Most have 
worked the Prado area of 
downtown Cochabamba, -a 
long boulevard where pidOos, 
amt almost anything else, may 
be obtained on the sly. 

Richard, 15, came from the 
^ mining centre of Ornro to 
Cochabamba six mouths ago 
with his family. His parents 
fought violently, he says, and 
he looked for work and found 

none. Thai be found the 

relative comfort of life mi the 
streets and was soon smoking 
and selling pitiUos with boys 
and girfs of his own age and 
younger. Then be became 
bored with the streets. “You 
get skinny, your lungs hurt” 
when yon smoke the paste, be 

According to drug abase 
experts in La Paz and else- 
where, tiie effects of smoking 
paste are physical deteriora- 

cocaine boys 

Qn the Bolivian streets young children die 
from their addiction to cocaine paste. For 
many the San Martin refuge is a last chance 

tion, paranoia, brain damage, 
and eventual death. In late 
May, two. boy -addicts, aged 
nine and U, woe found dead 
Of exposure in La Paz after 
spending a chilly night nnder 
newspapers. Both were badly 

At San Martin die boys are 
given a second chance. For 
some who have ran away from 
the home and then chosen to 
return, ft is a third and fom-th 
chance . For many, it is their 
last chance. 

The home is not fancy, or 
even comfortable by most 
people’s standards. Beds are 
arranged along the walls in 
military barracks* fashion. 
Meals are served in n central 
mess hall There are dasses mi 
to secondary school The 
small nmnber of paid staff are 
assisted by volunteers and the 
children themselves. 

Antonio, 1 i, Omar, six, and 
Freddy, nine, are three of the 
younger boys at San Martin. 

They are among tbe pitafbx, or 
“little ones”, most of whom 
are at the home for two yean. 
Many crave a friendly face 
and a bag. One regent visitor 
was only halfway out of his car 
when . he' found Antonio 
wrapped around frbn. 

The home Is financed by die, 
church and private donations. 
Tbe Bolivian government has 
approved the programme, bat 
provides no funds. 

Dreg addiction rn BoBda is, 
a rapidly growing problem. 
Estimates of the somber of 
addicts range from 200,000 to 
30fMH)0,or4 to 5 per cent of 
the population. According to 
Dr Augusts Saavedra, director 
of the OHly drug abuse clinic in 
La Paz, die nation's capital, 
many of these are. under the 
age of 15. “The fundamental 
problem we have is economic, 
our hands are tied”, he says. 
Saavedra’s, clinic is usually 
without funds, and has only 
eight beds. He estimates that 

' in La Paz alone there are some 
30,000 addicts. Tie ^oGUos.'or 
pidJJo-smoldag ^children - 
Cochabamba, number 350 to 
400 ander tbe age of 15, 
Saavedra estimates; SanMar- 
lln 'is hoping to hicrease its 
numbers to a- maximum of 
- 100 by next year, says Phoebe 
MQne, 21, a lay misshmary 
from Australia who is director 
of tbe home and its griding 
force. The boys at St Martin 
w»H her “mama". 

“I came (to Cochabamba) 
with the idea of working. I 
couldn’t find work but I found 
bad friends”, soys Victor, one 
of the.boys, After six mmiths 
at the home, he is now a prize 
student at dm nearby coUgio 
(secondary school) and plans 
to enter die national military 
academy when he leaves. 

. The chfldren come from the 
selva del eeme mta , die cement 
jungle, says Tito Guzman, a 
psychologist. working at the 
home- Most are brought in by 
the police. “We are trying to 
get to the print where the. 
children will -come by 
themselves” Guzman says. 

“If we don’t take, care, then 
we are going to have a very 
serious problem” says Colo- 
nel Jorge Barrero,' 
Cochabamba* Director of 
'Narcotics. For the boys at San 
Martin, and for thousands of. 
children throughout Bolivia, 
the problem is already here. 

John Enders 

etto— H a — p f w LM. la© 

The Philhannonia’s 

principal trompet is 
leading a personal 

crusade to unearth 

.more pieces, to play 

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John Wallace has never for- 
gotten, how bored he was with 
Haydn's Trumpet Concerto at 
theag&of-18. - - 

Now 37, and one of the 
country’s - leading trumpet . 

players; he* is “suitably 
ashamed of his youthful in- 
sensitivity towards the mas- 
terpiece, but admits; “At 18 all 
you want to do is play lots mid 
lots of different pieces, and 
unfortunately .the trumpet 
doesn't have lots and "lots of 
different pieces to play.” 

Asjirincipai friimpet with, 
the Philhannonia Orchestra, 
Wallace is only too aware of 
the pitifully smalt repertoire 
for' the classical trumpet. 
However, Unlike other- fine 
trumpeters who have-dope 
little- more than bemoan their ‘ 
fot over the jrears,. be Is 
actively engaged to improving 

He has dedicated himself to 
unearthing . 'some of the’ 
world’s forgotten baroque 
works written for the trumpet 
which have become buried in 
the musical archives. 

His search has taken him 
across the world, in conjunc- 
tion with' the Phitharmonia’s . 
tour schedule. “If I get offered 
a date in northern Italy I 
always take it, because all the 
towns there have got libraries 
with trumpet music in them.” 
He has built up a network of - 
informants who keep their '- 
eyes and ears open on his 
behalf. He has also uncovered 
the unique collection of about 
a thousand trumpet works 
amassed by the late Robert 

John Wallace: always serfbbting out some music 

Min ter, a British, enthusiast 
who scoured the globe ior his 
remarkable hoard and stored 
it m shoe boxes. . 

. And this Sunday, at tbegala 
opening concert of theOystal 
Palace Bowl summer season, 
Wallace and tbe Philhannonia 
will be presenting, .the first 
p e rfor ma nce in modem times 
of a recent discovery:-. Writer’s 
Theme and Variations for 
Trompet aisd Orchestra^ , 
For Wallace it is a crusade 
of love into'botfLthe past and 
the future. “The pieces which 
are new to me and'.new to 
■most perforating musicians in 
this country are not new to a 
few academic musicians”,, be 
says. “But the academics don’t 
know the quality tif the mtlsic 
bemuse . the. pieces haven’t 
been performed! It's time now 
to exhume " them, " perform 
them and see if they are -worth 
adding to the repertoire of the 
instrument. Only by~ perform- 
ing them inpubuccan yousee 

If they have got any worse.” 

V As part of his ambition to 
restore the classical trumpet to 
its mid-18th century glory, he 
has formed The Wallace Col- 
lection. a dozen of the finest 



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dassical trumpet players in 
tbe world, , as a .vriticle for 
some of this previously unper- 
formed music, and' ail- oppor- 
tunity for the players to extend 
their, own talents. They, too, 
will be at Crystal Palace on 
.Sunday, making Their second 
public appearance, to a. pre- 
concert perf o rm a nce. They 
will also , be appearing at 
Edinburgh to August 

‘The orchestra think 
Fm bonkers* . 

It all adds up to a remark- 
able achievement For Wallace, 
a miKhand modest Scot- who 
has several times considered 
giving up the trumpet entirely. 
“I never started out with the 
intention of becoming a per- 
forming musician’’, he says. “I 
only ever played the trumpet 
through the necessity oLmak- 
ing enough money to live. It 
was when I thought of the 
alternatives that I went back 
to playing each time.” 

In feet, as a boy to Fife, be ' 
always wanted to be a com- 
poser. “I used to go up a local 
hill take . some, manuscript 

with me and write things 
down.” His. family, however, 
was heavily into.orass bands 
and his fether, a joiner, was 
keen feat his only son should 
become a trumpeter. 

Wallace studied music at 
King's College, Cambridge, 
York University and the Roy- 
al College of Music before 
auditioning for the position of 
assistant principal trumpet 
. .with the London Symphony 
Orchestra to 1974. He was 
“incredibly surprised” when 
he got the job because “I 
didn’t think I was any good”. 

Only in the past two years 
has his search for bidden 
trumpet work borne fruit, and 
he lives in a constant state of 
anticipation over. what dusty 
gem wfll turn up next on the 
doorstep of the semi-detached 
house in Croydon thgt he 
shares with his Australian wife 
mid two small children. 

- As well as the problem of 
getting into foreign libraries he 

is frequently confronted with £ 
the complications, of East 
European and Italian bureau- 
cracies. It is also an expensive 
and time-consuming obses- 
sion. “The orchestra laugh at 
me because I'm always scrib- 
bling out some bit of miisic on 
buses and planes. They think 
ITn absolutely bonkers and I 
think they’re right. • 

“But apart from my- com- 
pulsion to do h, I fed.h is 
beneficial to tiie instrument if 
there is actually more music 
for the people who are coming 
up to play.” • 

. His wife Iras got used to 
living with his passion. “At A 
least she knows - that if I'm 
working, I'm happy. Arid it's 
better than some of the other 
manifestations of Scottish 
male behaviour”, says Wal- 

- Sally Brompt on 

O"— Hwnfiiimi I M, T388 



A service too secret? The 
scandal rocking Shin Bet, 
the Israeli security service 



come into the world of Phillips this weekend 
• forthcoming sales of ' f 'i. 

turned red 


Andrew. Sinclair’s book has as 

5»* ! ««J? 

graph from The Duchess of Afalfi, 

■tt t* 

Jf- 1 ** '55 

»»• 'SiSj 


!3 ^ %l: ' sas* 

.*■-* although on this occasion the labyrm- 

SS J / „ thine passages and secret recesses are 
■ ■:'■ * \ to be' foond in iht common-rooms of 
Twemieih-Cfentuiy Cambridge rather 
** r ’s' '-than the palaces of Renaissance Italy. 

' -'Its -sub-mle i!s ^Intelligence, Treason 
'-*H • 'and the Universities’’, but the specific 
;* jubject is CamWcige University, and 
' soihe of its more notorious graduates. 

. Le traftison desclercs is here given a 
.. j. cultural setting. ... 

And in fact . Sinclair uses the 
~ ambiguity of “Intelligence” to iflumi- 

- : . naie his major-theme, since the word 
o v can suggest either 'the acquisition or 
the- betrayal Of information. On the 
==-. one hand, we have the scientists at the 
Cavendish laboratory- in-Cambridge 

Peter Ackroyd reviews an analysis of 
Tab self-satisfaction and treason 

obey.” It all sounds faintly disgusting 
at this late date — infantilism turned 


By Andrew Sinclair 
. Weidenfdd & Nicolson, £12.95 

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•• \ - - ■ : „ _ employing their intelligence as a free. . 
* ‘ “ • -v-agent in; -a world of scholarly eo- ‘. 

^ : ipperation, wb^e, on the; other hand, 

^certain non-scientists from the same • 
~ ■ • university were engaged in the cldn- 

. •' ' ■'■.destine “Inted^ence” of treason. 

.: ! .T" Sinclair uses. .this distinction in 
■ . ■ - Order to arrive ' at '..some broad- ' 
• conclusions about the two dfctipiiiKs 
^r ^rj.of “science"'; and “arts”; and, al- ; 

like those of one of its members, 
Maynard Keynes: “Nothing mattered 
except' states of mind,” he said, 
“chiefly our own." This is the sort of 
nonsense- that Cambridge is very 
good at encouraging; and ineluctably 
it leads lp the revelation that “~ we 
recognized no moral obligation on ns, 
no mner sanction,; to conform- or 

imo a safe little theory at a safe little 
university — but Sinclair is surely 
correct in tracing from it those seedy 
betrayals of the post-war years. 

. As he puts it here, the Apostles 
shared with the Communists “a love 
of secrecy and its powers, a desire to 
aid one another, a passionate puritan* 
ism from . the English tradition, an 
-abhorrence of tire greater .world, an 
inversion .into their own society, an 
arrogance about, their quality™" This 
may not be perfectly expressed, but 

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..... ; thougir there ;are .times, when, he is 
■^.v ■J.sbmbwhat over-era phatlc,by indirfic- 
— *' 'lion he hasTrit upon a curious truth: 

despite, the moral posturings, -.of 
-T- : various', academics, it can hardly be 
'.' claimed, that an •‘arts." education, 
fosters ' that; humane. and crvfli 2 ed 
Uv . culture that it was the self-imposed ■ 
: W mission of Cambridge to afford its 
^.."" graduates. In'the Thirties they be- 
~ M .‘ ' ' came spies; ia the fiffies’ they went. 
... r: -into television,. No one ever be cam e 
" "wise or good amply by reading 
.■ literature or looting at painting^ 

But why has Cambridge in parti cu- 

V--lar' nourished so' many spies? It is 
partly that . Cambridge remains.: in 
iv . v many respects . an ; isolated place; 
.unlike Oxford, it has -no umbilical 
cord to London :.or to the pbfiticai 
... Establishment . 

■ !•*'> 


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pet maj« 

s a result it tends to manifest 
a fatal combination of intel- 
lectual detachment 
Amoral superiority, served up 

• - lukewarm with a adedidt of priggish 
- puritanism. That phrase "now com- 

mbnly m use among people who like 

- ^ to consider them selv es thoughtful, “it 

seems to me thai_^ where -self- 
satisfaction masquerades as hesitant 
enquiry, must have its origin in a 

• Cambridge tutorial : 

The focus' of Sinclair’s attack is ! 
upon the Apostles, a group that be 

- sees as- representing 1 the nadir of the 
Cambridge sensibility - ar coflection 
of posturing mediocrities, whose 

- most significant function was to 
provide the chimp soil from which' ’ 
Blunt, Burgess, et al could spring. 
But if the Apostles encouraged the 
fashionable Marxism of the 

Sinclair believes ftstoeculiariy fetid 
tere to dehVeftom remarks 


one gets his drift. One of the most 
extraordinary features of English 
cultural life in the first half of this 
century has been the unfailing ability 
of the great public schools and great 
universities to nurture a race of fools, 
crooks, and boobies. If we are now 
governed by the peril bourgeoisie and 
the picayune descendants of Samuel 
Smiles, the once “ruling class" has 
only itself to blame. 

But perhaps this is old news. The 
most interesting aspect of Sinclair’s 
book Hes in his treatment. of Cam- 
bridge science, which in his account 
represents the unversity’s most im- 
portant contribution to the Twentieth 
' Century. Here he sees the academic 
tradition at its best. Of course the 
| results were not always those which 
were intended: the tradition of free 
1 access to -research meant that Soviet 
scientists woe able to acquire the 
details of atomic development; but! 
more importantly, Cambridge scien- 
tists were betrayed by their “arts" 

I n what Crossman once called “an 
Age of Treason" Cambridge- 
trained spies were passing on 
secrets from Cambridge-trained 

Never have CP. Snow’s “Two 
Cultures'* been more dramatically 
juxtaposed. And indeed it was the 
scientists, not the artists, who were 
the true idealists. The “arts" culture 
had provided only coterie knowledge 
and narcissistic self-analysis; the 
scientific culture had encouraged 
intellectual openness and enquiry. 

But it seems that both Cambridge 
' traditions have now disappeared. 
Sinclair charts the decline of the 
Apostles into the Fifties, as it turned 
imo a chib which, like any other club, 
is really only of interest to those who 
belong to it. If it still exists, no doubt 
hs members are solemnly swearing 
each other to secrecy, or wearing 
funny hats, or organizing trips to 
Charleston with the Moonies. 1 think 
a finis can be written across this little 
chapter of English cultural history. 

More interesting is the : fate of 
Cambridge science; since, as Sinclair 
says, “the acts of the Apostles wem 
small change to the constructions of 
the Cavendish.” But he suggests that 
this scientific tradition has now been 
fatally compromised by the exigen- 
cies of national security, and by the 
political management of advanced 
technology — that free access to re- 
search isa thing of the past. This may 
or may not be true: to judge from the 
impenetrable prose of technical pub- 
lications, only the scientists will ever 
know. One thing is certain, however 
whatever disasters have fallen upon 
it, Cambridge itself .wiD continue to 
adopt its high moral tone- in all 
possible circumstances. Andrew Sin- 
clair has written something very like a 

Dotty old Mother Hubbard 

LaFayette Ronald Hubbard 
was a fantasy-fiction himself 
in his own lifetime; reclusive, 
fabulously wealthy, the inven- ^ 
tor of what is known as The 
Church of Scientology. But it 
is as the creator of science 
fiction in the Golden Age of 
the Pulps that he began, a 
pursuit he apparently contin- 
ued because here is the 



Tom Hutchinson 

The Invaders Plan 
By L. Ron Hnbbanl 

New Era. £10.95 

The Invaders Plan is the 
first of a ten-volume history 
written before SFs Howard 
Hughes died this year. I am no 
devotee of Hubbard's creed. 
But I have to admit that this is 
tremendous stuff, written in a 
smash-and-grab style that 
winds you with its energy. 

Man of Two Worlds, by 


Written from the viewpoint 
ofa Judas-villain, it tells of the 
preparations to send to earth 
the great and good Jenwo 
Heller to stop our planet 
atom-destroying itself. It is, 
though, a mission — dictates 
super-baddie Lombard 
Hisst — that must faiL 

Frank and Brian Herbert (i 
tanez. £9.95). Dune-daddy 
Frank Herbert, before his 
untimely death, collaborated 
with son, Brian, to produce, 
this delightful entertainment 
with some wondrous aliens 
called Drecns who 
“idmage" — imagine diame- 
ters and universes into reality. 
Truant Ryll becomes involved 
with Earth and its peoples and 
succumbs to love, breath, and 
the wbole damm thing. A 
gulping good read. 


memum that rightly, has been 
compared with Childhoods 

• Contact by Carl Sagan (Cen- 
tury Hutchinson. £10.95). The 
first novel from the populariz- 
ing astronomer, who brought 
us the TV-eye’s-view of the 
Cosmos, is a close encounters 
of the emotional .kind for 
scientist Elbe Arroway. whose 
feminine intuition and analyt- 
ical know-how reaches out to 
those, er, outside. The contact, 
though, is as much between 
humans as other-woridera. 
Ideas here are more impres- 
sive than the 

Oversize characters, extrav- 
agant plotting, and some very 
funny situations; this is the 
memorial by which I should 
like to remember L. Ron Hub- 
bard. Another nine volumes 
are promised to lay on this 
foundation stone. But what is 
that. to a man who built his 
own church! 

• Blood Musk, by Greg Bear 
(Go! lane-. £9.95). Researcher 
Veigin injects himself with 
some bioebips — living cell 
microchips — and the result is 
a transformation scene for the 
whole world. Adapted as a 

novel from his prize-winning 

short story, Mr Bear's bool, 
achieves an apocalyptic mo- 

• Orgasmns, by John 
Gartiand (Bachman A Turner, 
£8.95). Below, society's surface 
lurks an ancient secret organi- 
zation- that aims to short- 
circuit the brain's wiring to 
indnee psychedelic love and 
peace — “to give evolution a 
chance." Randiness as a cure 
fra; human ills? Mr Gartiand 
writes with an attractive 

• Time-Slip, by Graham 
Du ns tan Martin (Allen & 
I'nwin, £8.95). A post-holo- 
caust society — brilliantly ob- 
served — has withdrawn into 
frantic and angry God-hating 
cults. A splendidly realized 
exploration of religious con- 
cepts, with an o ^running 
theme of penitence. 

The Waroffhe End of the World 

MarioAfeigasLlosa/Fhberft Faber 

£3 S5 •: 

An inyentiveand powerful - 

masterpiece set in I9tfi century Brazil 

jm ftrv* 


13 ! ■- 

sn£?-t ■■ 

. is m 

Tomo rr0 * 

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The Times Supplements. 

At the deathbed bfhis, mother, 
Stephen Dedaltis, although he 
refused to kneel in prayer, 
sang to her Yeats’s lyric “Who 
Goes with Fergus?* in which 
occurs the phrase “love’s bit- 
ter mystery..." At Mrs Bella 
Cohen’s brothel in Dublin's 
Nigh no wn, where he sharesah 
illusory nightmare with Leo- 



pold Bloom, Stephen con- 

the phantom of bis 
mother, whose death still 
haunts him, uttering a silent 
word. She reminds him of the 
song and he asks her to tell 
him “The word known to ail 


changes all enhance our plea- 
sure ra the well-loved epic of a 
nation. Certain puns and 
glances of humour are re- 
stored. And there are other 
felicities. The odiously ebul- 
lient Buck Mulligan speaks 
habitually, in exclamation 
marks. In the “Aeolus” epi- 
sode the redistribution of final 
lines in certain passages gives 
them more impact 

Stuart Evans 

The . sense of Bloom's sub- 

professor Ellman, to whom 
all admirers of Joyce owe 
lasting gratitude, points out in 
the preface to this patient and 
exhaustive revision of Ulysses , 
that Joyce’s central theme is 
essentially simple,- however 
complicated his fictional mo- 
dalities. Scholars have, specu- 
lated about that sDent word, 
hut the most significant emen- 
dation makes clear (on page 
161} in the “Scylla and 
Charybdis" episode what de- 
voted readers may have sus- 
pected already. “Do you know 
what you are ialldng about? 
Love, yes. Word known to all-' 
men. Amor yero ediquid bo? 
num vult unde et ea quae 
conscupimus — " 

The Corrected Text 
By James Joyce 
The Bodley Head, £15 

dued panic al the sight of 

Boy lan (p. 150) is magni 
the simple repetition of "Not 
see." And in one of the lists in 
the “Cyclops" episode Boris 
Hupinkoff makes a new and 
welcome appearance: 

• The theme “word known to 
all- men” is hinted at- as easly 
as the introverted “Proteus” 
episode, where Stephen wan- 
ders on the strand. The Motif 

reoccurs in the various refer- 
ences to “Love’s Old Sweet 
■Song" which Molly Bloom is 
to sing on her tour. And is 
•asserted in Bloom’s encounter 
with the Cyclops 
titizen:“Love, says Bloom. I 
mean the opposite of hatred." 
All aspects of lave and loving 
are represented throughout 
the novel: Ironically, in the 
“Circe" episode, where ■ the 
nature of love, is debased, the 
allusions are most poignant 
Drank, beaten-up, Stephen 
recalls fragments of the Yeats 

This is the most important 
finding of Professor Gabler 
and his learned colleagues, but 
most of their minor emenda- 
tions in punctuation, spacing, 
and their typographical 

At the same time, the 
scholars have been too metic- 
ulous in restoring what were 
evident literal errors in the 
original fair-copies. WHile it 
is surprising that many pas- 
sages that would appear to be 
straightforward (such as in 
“Laestiygomans’O have many 
emendations, the long accu- 
mulations that Joyce so much 
enjoyed (as in “Cyclops" and 
“Circe") stand without need 
of correction. 

Where ignorance is pretty 

This is an infuriating book. 
The authors conjure up an 
amazing sight, a door in a tree 
in a Surrey wood, and eagerly 

Byron Rogers 

you turn to the photographs, 
of the 

but there is no picture 
door in the tree. And that is 
just the beginning, for the 
photographs do not even fol- 
low the sequence of the text; 
fiordo they figure in the index. 


A National Trust Guide 
By Gwyn Headley and 
Wim Metdenkerap 

(Cape, £15) 

After a week of rummaging 
around inside it, turning from 

text to photographs, I am left 
with the sincere wish to' see 
both men cemented inside one 
of the follies they describe so 
beautifully. That, of course, is 
a tribute to them. 

They have missed nothing. 
If yon have ever been startled 
by a pyramid in a field at 
sunset, or come on a gale in a 
wood with no paths leading up 
to it, then you will find it here. 
It took them 20 years to write 
this book, and all the woods 
were visited: there ait over 
500 pages. 

Yet they chose to do it 
county by county, wood after 
wood, hilltop after hilltop, so 
it is too repetitive to be a good 
read, but also too inexact to be 
a gazeteer. The authors have 
been obliged to blur locations, 
as most follies are privately 
owned and dangerous. 

Just as the lives of the rich 
lunatics who commissioned 
the follies were a race between 
the builders and 'the men m 
the white coals to see who 
would get to them first, so 
your reading of this book will 
be a race between fury and 

- Some of it is astonishing. 

There is the tree in the wood 
near Godaiming, from which 
a ramp leads down 40 feet into 
the earth to a wharf with a 
boat moored. If you get on 
board there is an underground 
waterway that opens on a lake, 
in the centre of which is an 
island, and under the island an 
underwater ballroom. This 
was built at the turn of the 
century fay a financier who, 
when found guilty of fraud, 
committed suicide in the dock 
of the Old Bailey. But it is all 
tantalizingly inexact What 
sort of man was he? Why did 
he build it? Who owns and 
maintains it now? 

Visions like this keep loom- 
ing up and vanishing, like 
those strange boats in the 
A forte d’Arthur. Cemented 
down, the authors would be 
obliged lo answer: your ques- 
tions. As it is what they have 
. done is create their own folly, 
huge and mysterious and ami- 
able. I am quite baffled by this 

US seen 
by wry 

Woodrow Wyatt 


■ 1 

lik<i3 wm 


By Trevor Fis block 

John Murray. £10.95 

The new edition will delight 
and enlighten many who 
might have thought they knew 
Ulysses fairly welL 

- It also’ differs from your 
reviewer's old copy in that it is 
not redolent of mushroom 
soup, which soaked it when a 
fight table made by -his wife 

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Malice through the Looking-Glass 

-The sun was shining and the 
air was heavy with the scent of 
new-mown grass aodpeirol, as 
the- widowed Mrs .rwgal ar- 
rived to live with Josh and 
Maiste Evans at their bunga- 
low In Green lea Avenue, on 
the rim of London Airport.. 
But ft was almost the last that 
Mrs Fingal saw of it. As Josh say, "Poor oldsoul. 

“You're never going out?" 
he would exclaim , as winter 
set in, closing the windows 
and stripping the flowerbeds. 
“Not on a day like this! You 
So back to bed now and PH get 
you a nice cup ofOxo." Majsie 
was so capable -and he so 
considerate and kind, pink- 
cheeked and silver-haired, dis- 
pensing those little touches of 
a. roan about the house —just 
tike Stanley had been. What- 
was "that he called her? A 
“sweet generous girl" as she 
signed her will just where he 
and Maiae told her~? 

Henry Stanhope 

By Celia Dale 

■Constable, £7.95 

By Gregory Mcdomdd 


By Helen Hndson 

Chat to & Wbndus, £9. 95 

This is a tale of malice 
through the looking glass, 
deliciously told by Celia Dale 
in clear, dean, patient prose. 
The menace is always half- 
perceived, as out of the corner 
of one’s eye. Yet Ihe^thre&t in 
that back bedroom, Mrs 
Hagai's cave, is more unset- 
tling than that fn Dracula’s. 
Castle! • ....... 

If Oliver Twist found Nine- 
teenth-Century London tough * 
going, he should have tried 
Twentieth-Century New 
York. Thai is where eight- 
year-old Robby Bunts finds 
himself after being evacuated 
from his prep school on the 
death of his aristocratic par- 
ents during the blitz. Unfortu- 
nately for him, his American 
protector is newspaper report- 
er Thaddeus Lowry, a proto- 
type Lunchtime O’Booze. 
whose favourite brand of 
Dunkirk spirit is served in the 
forin of a bottle. 

Robby spends the first pan 
of Safekeeping looking for 
someone to look after him in 
the Big Apple. Then life lakes 
a turn .for the worse when he 
■becomes the inadvertent wit- 

ness to a murder, committed 
by a hoodlum of his recent 
acquaintance called Tony 
Savalio. From that moment 
he is literally running for his 
life, a desperate Savalio in hot 

The resemblance to Oliver 
T*ist should not be over- 
played. Nor is it in the same 
class as Empire of the Sun, 
that other, more poignant tale 
of a tittle boy lost in wartime. 
But it's an entertaining read 
nonetheless, brisk and good- 
humoured with plenty of larg- 
er-than-life New York 
characters — upon whom in- 
deed its success largely, 

Criminal Trespass is also set- 
in the United States. Bui there 
any similarity ends, This is the. 
story of Rannee Simms, a 
black mill-worker’s daughter 
from Alabama who, it is said, 
is reared in fear of God and 
terror of the white man. 
Poverty, degradation and, in- 
directly, the Ku Klux Klan 
propel her Northwards, in 
seandi of better tilings to 

It is not easy reading, and 
the use of Deep South dialect 
does not -help. But Helen 
Hudson's descriptive writing, 
when she allows it to take 
over,, is very good. 

This assessment of the USA 
by random selection has the 
vigour, haphazardness, and 
freshness of the country 
portrays. We are hmtled from 
Alaska to Florida. We rash 

through Texas, Chicago, and 
the Midwest. 

We sit in .a 
traffic jam in New York. 
Washington DC and Califor- 
nia are not on the itinerary, 
and there is no map to show ns 
where we have been. 

The tour is enjoyable, and 
the picture is recognizably true 
of what is seen, so far as I can 
judge from my brief and 
occasional visits to America. It 
is still a land of optimism; of 
the belief for which there is 
much evidence, that there is no 
barrier to men and women 
making a fortune from scratch 
if they try hard enough; of the 
feeling that the Frontier is still 
there. It would hare to be to 
induce people to live in Alaska 
where the motor car registra- 
tion plate reads “Alaska The 
Last Frontier' 

Disappointingly Fishlock 
treats President Reagan with 
condescension. He really does 
see .him as tittle more than a 
film actor, and approves 
because of the silly opinion 
that only an actor would know 
bow to present himself as a 
President should. This is a 
serious misreading of 
Reagan’s qualities as a 

He may not be able to win a 
debate abost economics with 
Professor Galbraith, bat he 
does not need to. 10s common 
sense directs him to the right 
derision. It t$ obvious tool! but 
the prejudiced that the Ameri- 
can economy is for stronger 
now than it was when Reagan 
first became President. He 
was' given Americans * re- 
confidence. These are 
not the skills of a ham actor, 
though he has probably never 
heard of Sartre. 

If there is a fault with Mr 
FishJock's entertaining ami 
powerful book It is that he 
does npt go deep enough. He 
has concentrated too much on 
the brash, noisy, and immedi- 
ately obvious oddities of 
American life, and too little on 
the quality of its burgeoning 

culture. America has . Philis- 
tines in plenty, but it is not a 
country of 


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Royal psalm 

Listen carefully to the psalms sung 
at the Prince Andrew-Sarah Fer- 
guson wedding. The Rev David 
Sox, an American Episcopal min- 
ister licensed to practise in Lon- 
don, claims to have heard that the 
couple have requested only those 
which carry no mention of Israel 
presumably because they do not 
want to offend the .Arab world. 
-Have you ever gone through the 
psalms to see where this would 
leave you?" asks the horrified Sox. 
*^ion appears in every other 
psalm." If the bridal pair are to be 
totally apolitical they should 
avoid Psalm 83. which not only 
mentions the Philistines —ancient 
enemies of the Israelites — but a 
host of other predecessors of 
peoples now surrounding them. 
On the same basis, out also should 
go Psalms 81 and 106. with Egypt 
prominent: 8? and 137 (Babylon): 
and 114 (Jordan). From Bucking- 
ham Palace rings the oft-sung 
plainchant no comment. 

Career ladder 

Derek Hatton's expulsion from 
the Labour Party apears to have 
done less than irreparable harm to 
his reputation on Merseyside. 
Nine Labour councillors have just 
voted the vociferous opponent of 
metropolitan county abolition 
back into the chair of one of the 
successor boards, the Merseyside 
Fire and Civil Defence Joint 
Authority. Six Alliance coun- 
cillors voted against and two 
Tories abstained. The £1.200 
allowance that accompanies the 
chairmanship should help Hatton 
make ends meet if he resigns, as he 
has threatened, his job with 
Knowsley Council in a row over 
flexible working. Hatton is a 
former fireman; his interest in 
civil defence is less well 

Sky eye 

New Forest hippies could soon be 
buzzed by a new spy in the sky: 
Hampshire Police are considering 
rehiring Optica observation air- 
craft, a year after two policemen 
died in a crash on the plane’s first 
day with the force. The publicity 
following the accident sent the 
original company into receiver- 
ship. but businessman Alan 
Haiku ey bought its assets, saved 
the project and has now chalked 
up half a dozen orders. The 
company claims the plane's bub- 
ble-shaped cockpit and slow speed 
would be ideal for monitoring the 
peace convoy. The force at present 
uses a small Cessna for the task- A 
decision is unlikely until after the 
publication of the Accidents In- 
vestigation Branch report in a 
couple of months’ time. 

9 The man from the Nova Scotia 
Mail Star was clearly on foreign 
ground when he visited Bristol. 
Marvelling at the Clifton suspen- 
sion bridge, he tells his readers it 
was designed by -Islamabad 
Brunei that great Victorian 

Strung along 

David Steel would have been in 
even bigger trouble with David 
Owen — and still better odour 
with Liberal activists — if the 
following intelligence had got out. 
Alongside the names of Dennis 
Skinner and Tam Dalyell. the 
programme for Saturday's CND- 
sponsored peace concert at the 
Royal Festival Hall listed Steel as 
an official well-wisher. Steel's 
office protested yesterday that he 
had received a letter from Mu- 
sicians Against Nuclear Arms and 
had not been aware of CND's 

Smoker’s friend 

The custodians of our health have 
ambivalent standards. Last week 
the annual conference of local 
dental committees suspended 
standing orders to cancel a debate 
on banning the sale of so-called 
“smokeless" tobacco. A short 
while later, a resolution calling on 
the British Dental Guild (an 
investment trust controlled by the 
BDA) voted down a resolution 
that the guild should not invest in 
companies manufacturing tobacco 
or substances likely to cause tooth 
decay. There are echoes here of the 
British Medical .Association con- 
ference a few weeks ago which 
voted for a curtailment of alcohol 
advertisements while at the same 
time turning a blind eye to the 
activities of its own wine club. • 

111 wind 

At least someone is benefiting 
from the Chernobyl disaster. Un- 
scrupulous Lebanese businessmen 
have been buying up consign- 
ments of cheap radioactive meat 
from Eastern Europe and. taking 
advantage of the breakdown of 
government control in Lebanon, 
shipping it home. News of the deal 
has leaked out in Beirut, where 
people are now refusing to eat 
imported meat. Local fishermen, 
their catches suddenly in great 
demand, have doubled their 

Bray’s a laugh 

Rehearsals for the Regents Park 
Open Air Theatre production of A 
Midsummer A ighi 's Dream. 
which opened • last night, were 
enlivened by Bernard BressUw's 
impersonation of the ass. As 
Bottom, his braying is so lifelike 
that excited answering calls from 
the nearby zoo have been clearly 
heard in the auditorium. Natural- 
ists in the corpsing cast are 
convinced- however, that the love- 
lorn reponses emanate from the 
gibbon cage. PHS 

The recent rash of technological 
failures — Chernobyl, the snoot- 
ing down of Korean Flight KL007. 
the Challenger tragedy and the 
explosion of the Titan rocket — 
carry a warning for all mankind: it 
is in constant danger of an 
accidental nuclear war. 

According lo figures published 
by the Pentagon in 19$0 (lhe most 
recent available!, there had been 
33 serious accidents involving 
American nuclear weapons. So- 
viet nuclear arms have been 
involved in at least 10 major 
mishaps. Fortunately, none of 
these accidents ended in a nuclear 
explosion, but how much longer 
will our luck hold? 

To be fair, the superpowers 
have introduced measures to re- 
duce the possibility of nuclear war. 
For example, elaborate procedures 
have been created for the launch- 
ing of nuclear weapons. Normally, 
two or more individuals must 
perform parallel actions when 
giving the order to fire nuclear 
weapons — as well as actually to 
launch them. Most such weapons 
are equipped with Permissive 
Action Links (Pals) which require 
a secret coded signal to be inserted 
before firing. Devices built into 
weapons ensure that any attempt 
to bypass Pals will disarm them. 

Furthermore, a number of mea- 
sures have been negotiated by the 
superpowers to reduce the risks of 
nuclear war. by accident or mis- 
calculation. These include: 

Q The hotline, a direct commu- 
nications link between Moscow 
and Washington, established in 
1 963 and modernized several 
times since. In 1971. forexampje. 
two satellite communications cir- 
cuits between the US and USSR 
were set up and in 1984 improve- 
ments were made allowing for the 
almost instant transmission of 
text and graphics. 

0 The Nuclear Accidents Agree- 

an accidental 

by Frank Bamaby 

mem. signed in 1971. whereby the 
superpowers agreed to notify each 
other immediately of any acciden- 
tal or unauthorized incident 
involving the possible detonation 
of a nuclear weapon which could 
lead to the outbreak of war. 

• The Agreement on the Prev- 
ention of Nuclear War — a more 
important document signed in 
1973 — stipulating that if, at any 
time, the risk of a nuclear conflict 
arises, the US and 1>SSR will 
immediately make every effort to 
avoid iL (In 1977 Britain and the 
USSR signed an agreement on the 
prevention of accidental nuclear 

But., however well-intentioned, 
these agreements don't go tor 
enough: the hotline, for example, 
was used during the 1967 and 
1973 Middle East wars, but it is 
doubtful whether it would be of 
much use in crises directly involv- 
ing the US and USSR, where 
events would be likely to escalate 
so rapidly that, even given the wUl 
on either side, there would simply 
not be the time to use iL The same 
applies in the case of an accidental 

Intercontinental ballistic mis- 
siles (ICBMs) can travel 6,000 
miles in 30 minutes: intermediate- 

range missiles can reach their 
targets in less than 10 minutes and 
missile launch times are a mere 
few seconds. Minor malfunctions 
of early-warning, command and 
control systems often occur in the 
US. and similar incidents must 
occur in the USSR. 

In 1979, a practice tape was 
inadvertently fed into a computer 
at the North American Aerospace 
Defense Command (Noradl The 
system indicated that the US was 
under attack by Soviet submarine- 
launched ballistic missiles and 
ICBMs. The error was detected 
within 10 minutes, but not before 
American B-52 strategic bombers 
were prepared for take-off and 
ICBM launch procedures begun. 
There was no time to use the 
hotline, even if President Carter 
had wanted to do so. 

Recognition of the need to 
improve crisis control has led two 
American senators — Sam Nunn 
and John Warner — to propose 
the establishment of risk-reduc- 
tion centres in Washington and 
Moscow. These would exchange 
information about military opera- 
tions and allow discussion of 
nuclear policies. This would be a 
step in the right direction but, 
again, it does not go tor enough. 

Each crisis control centre 
should be staffed by Naio and 
Warsaw Pact officers who would 
haw access to the information 
generated by surveillance systems 
of both sides. The centres should 
facilitate consultation when 
events occur that could trigger a 
nucrear war. they should also be 
prepared to put into operation 
pre-planned methods of dealing 
with the unauthorized launch of 
nuclear, weapons. The centres 
should also be able to deal with 
nuclear terrorism. 

Other measures could include 
an agreement not to test and 
develop weapons for the destruc- 
tion of early-warning and commu- 
nications systems, as well as more 
systematic simulations of crises so 
as to train military and political 
leaders. There should be no pre- 
delegation of authority to use 
nuclear weapons. 

This would prevent, for exam- 
ple. the unauthorized firing of 
submarine-launched ballistic misr 
siles. At the moment, two people 
{the radio operator and the cap- 
tain) on board American nuclear 
submarines — and probably So- 
viet craft as well - could launch 
the submarine's ballistic missiles, 
sufficient to obliterate every major 
city in the US and USSR. 

Of course, the best way to 
reduce the risk of nuclear war is to 
halt the arms race and reduce the 
number of nuclear weapons. Fail- 
ing this, the establishment of 
effective crisis control centres is 
an obvious way to reduce the risk. 
But if the superpowers do not even 
have the political will to achieve 
this objective, the outlook is 

© 11mm NmraptpOTS, 19*8. 

The author, is a former director of 
the Stockholm International Peace 
Research Institute, and policy 
adviser to Nuclear Freeze, a new 
initdtive to halt the arms race 

I think I have found a story which 
symbolizes to perfection both the 
condition of this country and the 
reason for iL A small but im- 
portant union recently had an 
election for chairman: the holder 
of the office stood again, but was 
decisively beaten by the other 
candidate. (The new chairman is 
said to be much further to the left, 
but that is not what this tale turns 

After his victory, his jubilant 
supporters expressed admiration 
for him. and it is the terms they 
used in expressing it that make my 
poinL First they applauded him 
for never having been promoted: 
he had remained throughout his 
working career in the same lowly 
grade. “That means", said one of 
his followers, “that he never sold 
out to managemenL" He also, it 
seems, scored bonus points for 
leaving school at 1 5, but this is not 
some septuagenarian remember- 
ing the Depression between the 
ware; he is in his early forties. 
Furthermore, his style of living 
was contrasted favourably with 
that of the man he had defeated: 
the loser, it was said, “had become 
over-fond of restaurant meals", 
whereas the victor “stuck to pints 
and meat' pies". Still worse, his 
ousted predecessor was married to 
a woman in the higher ranks' of 
their profession: she could even be 
described as a member of manage- 
menL .And finally comes the item 
which, it seems, may have settled 
the election: at the union's annual 
conference last year the new 
champion had “won the hearts of 
delegates by declining a taxi to his 
hotel during a downpour". No 
wonder one of his supporters 
summed up expectations of the 
new regime by saying “It's a return 
to grassroots; John is one of the 

No doubt: but is that. I ask 
myself, quite enough? In 1986, a 
man is elected to high union office 
by people who are proud to reveal 
that he is uneducated except at 
elementary level, that he was not 
considered suitable for advance- 
ment in his profession (or that if 
he was, he refused it), that he did 
not commit the grave solecism of 
marrying above himself, that he 
prefers bad food to good, and that 
he would rather get wet than ride 
in a taxi. ' 

1 have repeatedly said that the 
onjy real power this country's 
union leaders have is rite power to 
keep their members poor. But I 
would not like it to be thought that 
by “poor" I refer only to their 
wages. Poverty takes many forms, 
and I am by no means certain that 
a low income is the worst of them: 
there is poverty of the mind, of the 
spiriL of life, of surroundings, of 
desires, of needs, of expectations, 
and perhaps these impoverish- 
ments define the poor even more 
exactly than their pay packets. 
For. after alL there are millions 
who suffer from these limitations 
while having very satisfactorily 
plump pay packets. 

Throughout lhe past 150 years 

Bernard Levin 

Who now is 
grinding down 
the poor? 

or so there has been, among all the 
philanthropic and humanitarian 
reform movements, a strain offer- 
seeing thinkers who have realized 
this truth and striven to act on iL 
Shaw was one of the most notable 
of them: in our day Arnold Wesker 
has carried on the tradition (why 
do you think he called one of His 
plays Chips with Everything, and 
another I'm Talking about Jeru- 
salem 1 ?). What such people saw, 
and see, is that the poor, even 
while they suffer from their ma- 
terial poverty, ding fiercely to 
their other impoverishments. 
There are even people who 
encourage them to do so. and 
applaud their unwillingness to 
rise, however slightly, in the 
world: Dennis Skinner, who is 
boasted that he doesn't possess a 
passport, probably believes that 
Costa Brava is the Spanish for 
Sodom and Gomorrah and that 
the Midlands car workers who 
spend their holidays there are 

traitors to the working class for 
that reason alone. 

And a newly elected union 
leader is praised for attitudes and 
qualities that the real reformers, 
the true friends of the poor, strove 
to remove because they knew that 
these were the ultimate barriers 
across the poor's road out of the 
real poverty trap. (Shaw said he 
hated the poor, by which he meant 
their contentment with their lot). 

h has long been said, in 
reference to the pitifully low 
salaries most of this country's 
union leaders receive, that “if you 
pay peanuts, you get monkeys". 
Most of our union leaders are 
honest and decent men. But along 
with the honesty and decency goes 
a desperate and tragic lack of 
vision and understanding, which 
more often than not issues in a 
terrified reluctance to encourage 
in their members any yearnings 
beyond monetary - ones — and, 
more often than nou even the 

monetary ones are frowned upon 
as unbecoming a member of the 
working classes if other members 
are earning less. 

American trade unionism is far 
weaker than ours. Yet in the 
United States the leader o£ say., 
the United Automobile Workers 
receives a salary, and working 
conditions, that would be the envy 
of a British cabinet minister. Well, 
of course, say those who ap- 
plauded the union leader 1 started 
with, these false general secretaries 
have sold out to the bosses. So 
indeed they have; but in doing so, 
it has to be said, they have 
negotiated for their members 
wages (in real terms) some two 
and a half times those of their 
British equivalents. When will the 
members of the TGWU insist that 
their general secretary sells out to 
the bosses on similar terms? 

That last question, it seems to 
me, is the really crucial one. When 
will the working classes of this 
country stop allowing themselves 
to be persuaded by their union 
leaders and the Labour Party that 
it is a matter for outrage and the 
downing of tools if thrboss has a 
bigger Daimler every year, even if 
they have: a bigger Ford? When 
will somebody teach them that, on 
even the- crudest tests of self- 
interest, it is better to work for a 
firm which makes profits than one 
which does not? And above all. 
when will they understand that 
they have ' not betrayed their 
origins — or, if they have, the 
origins deserved to be betrayed, 
and not only betrayed but killed 
and buried — by raising their eyes 
from the trough to those areas of 
life which cannot be measured in 
terms of cadi, but which con- 
stitute the reason for living? 

When? Not, to be sure, while the 
Labour Party is led by men. like 
Michael Foot and Neil Kinnock. 
nor while the TUC is represented 
by men like Nonnan Willis, nor 
while Lhe individuals who run 
most of the unions derive their 
strength and their support from 
failing to qualify for promotion, 
refusing to take a taxi when, 
raining, eatiig and drinking rub- 
bish in a pub instead of food in a 
restaurant. ' avoiding marriage 
with a woman of the professional 
classes and resting for the remain- 
der of their lives on the educa- 
tional attainments they had 
reached .when they were 15.. 

Pity the fend without aspira- 
tions. But pity ten times more the 
land in whidi aspirations ' are 
energetically denounced by those 
whose task it should be to 
encourage them. And pity a 
hundred times more still the land 
where those who fail in their duty 
to widen their followers' horizons 
fail because they are too busy not 
being promoted, refusing to take 
taxis, being contented with' the 
educational standards of a 15- 
year-old. and' eating swill because 
ihey like iL Or, worst of all. 
because although they don't like it 
they feel they ought to. 

© tlww N w npipw i, 1386. 

in July 1984 Colette Dupont was 
injured in a raid on the post office 
where she worked. A year later it 
was raided again. She could not 
face going back to work, but 
because she had not been phys- 
ically injured this time (jus* 
scared), she was ineligible for 

When she came to give evidence 
things got. if anything, worse. No 
one had explained court proce- 
dures: she had to give her address 
in open court, with the gallery full 
of friends of the accused. Then, 
perfect!)' properly, given the ad- 
versarial nature of English legal 
proceedings, she was subjected to 
a cross examination which left her 
feeling guilty herself. 

Research conducted for the 
recent documentary film I'icums 
(Central Television) brought lo 
light a succession of cases like Mrs 
Dupont's in which the victims of 
crime felt that they had been 
treated as mere accessories to the 
grand processes of justice. To 
check that our cases were not 
exceptional, wc- sent out a ques- 
tionnaire to all police forces, 
magistrate* courts and Crown 
Courts in England and Wales to 
find out how the police and the 
courts deal with victims of enrae. 
We received replies from 80 per 
cenl of police forces, only 43 per- 
cent of magistrates courts, and 

Wanted: compassion 
for the victims 

only 12 of 91 Crown Courts. 

The results of our survey suggest 
big differences between police and 
courts. Most police forces thought 
that victims needed better facil- 
ities and all welcomed victim 
support schemes, although how 
far these intentions were reflected 
in practice was not dear. Only 20 
per cent of forces had officers 
trained to handle victims and only 
33 per cent had information 
explaining to victims their rights 
and how to claim compensation. 
Many forces recognized that it was 
vital" to tell victims what was 
happening with their cases, but 
less than half managed to let them 
know when a trial vtas on. 

Where victim support schemes 
were in operation, the question of 
referral was often left to the man 
on the beaL and a common 
assumption was that only the 
elderly need help. This, combined 
with a lack of financial support for 
such schemes, meant that only one 
m five of all burglary victims saw 
someone from victim support. 

In court, things get worse. 

Facilities for victims are poor, half 
the courts had no refreshment 
facilities, few had creches and only 
just over half had any interview- 
ing areas. One clerk to the justices 
gave “under the beech tree" in 
reply to the question of where 
sensitive legal interviews might be 
held. Only one of the 264 
magistrates' courts that replied to 
our questionnaire had a separate 
waiting area for victims of crime; 
only nine had rooms set aside for 
prosecution witnesses or victims. 
No court had separate refresh- 
ment facilities. Magistrates ac- 
cepted that it was tor from ideal to 
mix offenders and victims because 
of the possibility of intimidation, 
but money was short. 

In the courtroom, too. the 
victim almost always has to sit in 
the public gallery, quite possibly 
with the defendant's family. Only 
14 per cem of courts would allow 
the victim to sit in the main pan of 
the court. 

Many courts were perversely 
worried by the idea of better 
facilities for witnesses. Nearly a 

third . believed, rather strangely, 
that it would be unfair to provide 
better facilities. Eight per cent 
preferred to talk of alleged vic- 
tims. or “victims", or suggested 
that they were probably offenders 
and therefore did not deserve 
much hejp. 

But none of ibis accounts for the 
lack of concern shown to victims 
by the courts. Our survey showed 
that only one court in six would 
know for sure if a victim was 
present, and more than three- 
quarters said that it would not be 
possible for the court to have 
someone look out for them. The 
accused, rightly, has his lawyers to 
explain what is going on. The 
victim has no one. 

The courts did comply with 
statutory obligations. All of them 
said they would consider making 
compensation payments. But only 
12 per xent keep the victims 
informed about the progress of 
payments, even on request. A 
quarter of the courts keep any 
money they receive for more than 
a month before passing it on. 

The overall conclusion is that 
the victims of crime become 
victims all over again when they 
become involved in the legal 

Joanna ShapJand and 
David Cohen 

Ronald Butt 

Britain’s new 
pay problem 

..In the bad old day s there was a pay 
problem which caused inflation, 
over-priced output and unemploy- 
ment It arose because unions 

exploited over-full employment. 

using their strength to bludgeon 
employers into paving more tnan 
productivity justified. The prin- 
cipal stimulus was in the public 
sector. To provide pav nses. 
ministers would happily dtp into 
the public purse, setting an exam- 
ple to the private sector. They then 
tried to deal with the inflationary 
consequences by unworkable pay 

In the good new ctays, with 
inflation almost overcome, there 
is a different pay problem. This 
lime its roots are in the private 
sector, and the culprits 3re 
managements with high companv 
profits who pay themselves and 
their workers so much more that 
the government is seriously wor- 
ried. With inflation down to just 
under 3 per cenL average pay is up 
bv 7.5 per cent. 

* A high wage economy reward- 
ing greater productivity must be a 
desirable aim. promoting better 
living standards for all. Bui if 
management pays more than 
productivity warrants, the result 
will be excessive purchasing 

power, higher imports, higher 
prices and felling competitiveness 
abroad— unless the government 
acts to prevent this. 

The Chancellor has made it 
dear that he thinks private in- 
dustry is letting down the market 
concept by paying too much, and 
that he will, if necessary respond 
by raising, or not lowering, in- 
terest rates. This will prevent 
higher pay from generating infla- 
tion. but dearer money will make 
the unemployment problem even 
harder to solve. 

But the government has a 
second complaint against em- 
ployers: they pay too much to 
existing workers instead of taking 
on new people and reducing 
unemployment How justified are 
these charges? 

They are made against a back- 
ground of gloomy employment 
projections. The report of the 
industrialists' Occupations Study 
Group (described in The Times 
last Friday) finds that by 1990 the 
production industries (producing 
more with fewer workers) are 
likely to lose more jobs than the 
service industries will gain; that 
there will be a massive shift to 
part-time working by women and 
that by the end of the decade 
unemployment is likely to be 
higher. - - 

If the report is right growth will 
make little difference to - this 
prospect. Nor will Labour’s spend- 
ing plans — which makes Roy 
Hanersley's promise of one mil- 
lion- more jobs in Labour's first 
two years look like political dis- 
honesty. Nor does it seem that 
excessive wages to those in work 
are the main factor depriving 
others of new jobs; the real 
inhibition is employers' caution 
about expansion and their pref- 
erence for short-term cost-cutting 
and profits within their existing 

Moreover, if they can afford to 

□av more without pricing them- 
selves out of the market why (in 
strict economic terms) should they 
not pay more? Their business is 
commerce, not social action. Id 
w hat sense are wage increases "too 
high"? Is the chief complaint that 
the total 7.5 per cent increase in 
average pay releases too much 
demand, or that the money should 
be distributed differently? IL say. a 
third or half of this money went to 
new jobs would it have the same 
inflation potential? 

Since spreading the money over 
more workers would redoes av- 
erage pay. it presumably would 
noL Likewise, it does not follow 
that if individual employers can 
afford to pay more today, they will 
not suffer inflationary con- 
sequences tomorrow. It is a diffi- 
cult commercial judgment to 
make (which is why pay norms are 

Unemployment is now a social 
rather than an economic problem, 
and industry — for whatever rea- 
sons. and despite the Chancellor's 
strictures — is not disposed to 
help the government out by 
paving for more jobs, or expand- 
ing into the industrially derelict 
areas of the North. 

In other words, the responsibil- 
ity is political and only the 
government can deal with iL 
There is a fashionable theory 
among some of its supporters that 
it should stick rigidly to market 
principles, refuse to intervene, let 
the north make op its earnings 
through tourism, and allow the 
South to act as a magnet for new 
industries and jobs. 

But the market theory, like any 
other, can be reduced to absurdity 
by taking it to extremes. The idea 
th 2 i the bleak beauty of the North 
(climate notwithstanding) and the 
rugged relics of industrial history 
are enough to sustain the region 
with growing tourism is as inher- 
ently unconvincing as the demand 
that the South East should be a 
cure-all magnet and that we 
should if necessary pave over the 
Green Bek. These are not answers 
to the problem of the long-term 
unemployed or to closely-linked 
regional unemployment 

Labour's inflationary spending, 
public ownership and lax sub- 
sidies are no use either. Over the 
country as a whole, removing the 
tax discrimination against women 
with families who stay at home 
could be a major corrective. But 
above all it is a regional problem 
for the government, and it may be 
soluble only if the government 
acts to plant new industries in the 
foresak err areas — not to .manage 
or to own 'them but to provide the 
impetus for a new start. 

Why should it not experiment 
in a pilot area of the North East by 
co-operating with private indusnry 
' to found new- factories, providing 
debenture money, joining with 
private industry and the City to 
produce equity capital and selling 
its interest once the enterprise was 
afloat? it may not be pure market 
orthodoxy but neither is rebuking 
industry for not helping the gov- 
ernment to solve a social problem. 
What is the alternative? It cannot 
be to do nothing? 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

If you ask me, 
it’s all, well... 

I would like to propose an 
honorary, knighthood, or some 
title never previously offered, for 
the Duke of Edinburgh for ser- 
vices to commonsense. In an 
interview with Woman's Own he 
was asked what solutions' he 
would put forward to help grapple 
with world problons. His reply, if 
he was correctly quoted, was: 
“Search me. I don’t know." 

Why is it that when people are 
asked a question in interviews (or 
indeed in pubs) they are always 
expected to have a firm opinion? 
Most of us have no very firm 
opinion on mosuhings. but we are 
always expected to behave as if we 
have an attitude on everything, 
and a solution, lo every problem. 
When contestems on Mastermind 
go blank and say “Pass", they 
always looked ashamed. I don't 
know why. Search me. 

When I read the Duke of 
Edinburgh's sterling words. I was 
whisked back 10 or 1 5 years to the 
time when I worked at Punch in a 
large room which was normally 
used for games of indoor cricket 
by me. David Taylor and Alan 
Coren. who once dislodged a large 
pile of magazines with a fierce 
cover drive and was heard to say: 
“Hello — some trouble among the 
Spectators’'. On a wall was pinned 
a letter cut out from The Times by 
Mrs T.S. Eliot, which went more 
or less as follows. 

“Sir. T.S. Eliot was once rec- 
ognized in a taxi by the driver, 
who told him that his previous 
most, famous passenger had been 
Lord Bertrand Russell, i knew he 
was a famous thinker*, said the 
driver, 'so I said to him. Well, 
Lord Russell, what's it all about 
then? And do you know, he 
couldn't tell me'" 

Bertrand Russell and the Duke 
of Edinburgh. A great little team. I 
myself once had an-opportunity to 
play the same game, but I chick-' 
ened ouLlt was on the only 
occasion 1 have taken pan in Any 
Questions?, the Radio 4 pro- 
yamme whose participants have 
:ixed views on everything from 
natural childbirth to Hong Kong. 
This- particular edition went out 
from a large hall in Leamington- 
Spa. in front of a large audience 
who also seemed to have-fixed 
views on everything. 

As the programme wore on, it 
became dear that I was the only 
person present who not only had 
no very firm views on any of the 
questions, but also had no interest 
in any of them. What I should 
have said to all of them was. . "I 
don't know and 1 don't particu- 
larly care.” or as the Royal Family 
say. “Search me", but I didn't 
have the courage. The one ques- 
tion I still remember was whether 
the government should give an- 
other £10 million • to Mr de 
Lorean's car factory in Northern 

"No." I said, when it came to 
my turn. “Anything that en- 
courages the Northern Irish to 
drive cars should be frowned 
upon. I believe they have the 
worst road accident figures in 
Britain. In torn, the last time 1 was 
in Belfast, the evening paper had'a 
lead story headed “This Carnage 
Must Stop Now* — and it wasn’t 
sectarian battles they were talking 
about, it was death on the roadsof 
Ulster. I certainly wouldn’t allow 
the Northern Irish to have more 
money for more cars." 

Quite neat I thought, but it got 
no reaction at all. I hadn't come up 
with a fixed, view, you see. Or a 
ready solution. It is much betteri 
all in all, to devote yourtime to in- 
door crickeL During one of those 
games, incidentally, Alan Cored 
came up with a solution to the 
Duke of Edinburgh problem. 

“Know what's wrong with the 
Duke of Edinburgh?" be said. 

“No, Al. Tell ut" - 

“What’s wrong is that there isn’t 
aDukeof Glasgow aswelLI mean. 
Hjf Duke of Edinburgh represents 
the Edinburgh side of things very 
well — the formality, the dryness, 
the wryness — but what about the 
Glasgow side of thin^? At the Cup 
Final you should have the Duke of 

standing up next to him. waving 

g|L “SSI and screaming 
mm self hoarse. At state occasions 
have the coach of the" 

EXS ST.FfefcoWj Radio 1 
going i full blast inside and the 
rcasionat empty beer bottle being* 
thrown out of the window " 

. Uf *" a y be righL On the other 

t' I 1 * 5 "V* y be wrong. Search 
Tie. I don t know. 

Mid Butt 


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The very fact that yesterday an 
^-announcement about the sup- 
-_port of students in higher 
£ education could be made by 
the Secretary of State for Social 
-*• Semces is evidence of how 
^■twisted public policy in this 
C&rea has become. Mr Fowler’s 
retreat on bousing benefit for 
. x students only touches the sur- 
. face of what ought to be 
J -regarded as a scandal — the 
" dependence on social security 
^oflarge numbers ofundograd- 
-\uates who are also receiving 
-. education grants. For what 
‘.“follows from that is a kind of 
^ j pauperization. They acquire 
: an attitude of dependence and 
probably also a contempt for 
~jhe state. Energetic and aspir- 
r.fiiig young adults become cli- 
fcnts of a system that ought to 
^ cater only for -those without 
..vmeans or opportunity of get- 
-.ting them. 

Paying for the living costs 
- fend fees • of students was 
- 7 -always a small part in the 
arithmetic of higher education, 
rbarely considered by Lord 
Robbins and tucked away in 
.^footnotes since. Central gov- 
_i era mem has left most of the 
-‘decisions and a good deal of 
-discretion to local authorities. 

. Naturally they differ in the 
generosity with which they pay 
± -for courses. Some worthwhile 
..vocational and training 
t. -courses are deemed eligible 
V-only for “discretionary” 
-awards. The scheme is riddled 
Vrwitb anomalies. 

Adult , students are granted 
i7 iwards, - the size of which 
—depends crucially on the 
..willingness of their parents to 
“pay for their support Grants 
rsaid by the education authori- 
rties to cover a calendar year 
7 --are simultaneously said by 
,;sodal security officials, using 
' standard criteria of need and 
. income, to be inadequate, 
f - During the past five years 
-the Government has consis- 

tently cut the value of mainte- 
nance grants. It tried, amid 
controversy, to extend means 
testing to the payment of 
tuition fees. The former Sec- 
retary of State, Sir Keith 
Joseph, tried to reform , the 
whole crumbling system with 
plans for replacing grants with 
loans. But he consistently 
foiled to persuade the cabinet. 

In this pre-election period 
- Mr Baker’s easiest option is to 
attempt to stall die issue. His ' 
department is beginning a 
review whose progress could 
easily be advanced or delayed 
according to political de- 
mands. He simply needs to 
minimize short, run dis- 
contents and defer the difficult 
decisions until later, with the 
additional hope that reducing 
student numbers will ease the 

But perhaps Mr Baker has 
more substance. Perhaps he 
realises that higher education 
deserves more than expedient 
policy-making. Perhaps he will 
be persuaded that a system of 
maintenance awards, in place 
more or less unchanged for a 
quarter of a century, -now 
deserves a real review. He 
might then return, belter 
armed than bis predecessor, to 
the loans debate. 

The case for loans replacing 
cash grants to students is not 
ideological, it is pragmatic. 
Under Mr Baker’s direction, 
this basic fact should be better 
perceived. Loans are not a 
recipe for short-run -econo- 
mies. They could enhance 
rather than diminish access to 
higher education for students 
from lower-income families. 
The principled argument for a 
student loans fund for invest- 
ment in education stands to be 
made on long-run criteria, on 
the health of universities and 
colleges and on the expansion 
of opportunity it might pro- 


Tbe-Government’spromise of 
-new legislation, if necessary, to 
guarantee rights of representa- 
tion and consultation to; the 

- Union Of Democratic Miners 
is welcome. In the long and 
■often dangerous struggle be- 
tween the brute force of the 

.Scargfll-donunated National 
rdJnion ofMineworkersand the.' 
'lights of both management 
'and individual trade union 
members, the resistance of the 
^Nottinghamshire and Derby- 
shire miners (who now largely 
j:onstitute.the -UDM) was era- - 
rial to the factory of democ- 
racy and thelaw. Now that it is 
; all oven it is only too easy to 
_ forget bow much this victory 
owed to the courage of work- 
ing miners and rank — and — 

’ file members of other unions 
: who refused to be intimidated. 

- Introducing legislation is, 

: however, a last resort, and 
• whether or not it is necessary 
; will depend on the outcome of 
itiie law case by which British 
. Coal is testing, the legal po- 
sition concerning, the TJDWPs 
■ xights of conciliation and 
representation- Also at issue is 
the pensions rule oir which 
British Coal seeks clarifica- 
tion, and the UDM has joined 
in this action, seeking 
interpolation, since they have 
a very direct interest 

During the . year’s stoppage, 
UDM members continued to 
pay Jheir contributions, but 
. NUM strikers did not, which 
means that the pension fund is 
some £60 million short, or 
£120 nullion short if we take 
the employers' contributions 
into account The Board is 
' seeking means by which these 
arrears can be made up. The 
government aow.promises leg- 
islation if the court finds that 
the law as it stands does not 
cover consultation with the 

That is only right The 
emergence of the UDM with 
"some 35,000' members is a 
feet which is not going to be 
reversed, and if dealing with 
two unions creates some prob- 
lems of inconvenience for 
British Coal, the advantages of 
a union whose origin is 
grounded in union responsibil- 
ity is fully understood. Sir Ian 
MacGregor’s presence at the 
UDM*s conference this week 
testifies as much. The high 
court action is proof of BCs 
understa n din g that “the UDM 
has a right to be heard, and so 
is the government’s undertak- 
ing to amend ..the Coal 
Nationalisation Act to em- 
brace that right if it is nec- 
essary to doso. 

Such amendment will not. 

however, deal, with the ques- 
tion of pay for UDM members 
where they are a minority 
■ pocket within a NUM major- 
ity, since pay comes under a 
separate Act It is not that the 
UDM is unrecognized. It is a 
registered union with which 
BC has negotiated a pay 
agreement. But the NUM has 
not accepted that offer, and in 
the particular test case of one 
colliery, Eflistown, which bad 
an NUM majority, the tri- 
bunal found that under the 
existing law the UDM minor- 
ity. could not be paid the 
negotiated UDM pay rise. In 
this particular colliery, there is 
no longer a problem since the 
UDM has since become a 
majority, but the principle 
remains and other UDM pock- 
ets are understandably ag- 

That the government is not 
proposing to amend the law in 
respect of pay . is .also under- 
standable; it would have had 
repercussions in other in- 
dustries and anions than coaL 
But if the High Court, and then 
the House of Lords found 
against the UDM on pay, and 
NUM obduracy held up 1 
indefinitelty the agreed pay 
increases of an UDM minoity, 
it would surely be right for the 
Government to think again.: 

Police view of Oxford students 

A case for loans cannot 
properly be made in the ab- 
stract Much hinges on the 
detail, say, of subsidizing loans 
for students from low income 
families, on repayment peri- 
ods and on whether colleges 
should have freedom to set 
tuition fees at a level which 
accurately reflects cost. 

Different loan schemes al- 
ready exist in West Germany 
and. the United 
States- Variations are possible 
for Britain which could allow 
the Government, quite legiti- 
mately, to introduce differen- 
tial subsidies on tuition costs, 
benefiting students on courses 
which the Government 
considers to be in the national 
interest There is no reason 
why a loans scheme should not 
be part of a mixed economy of 1 
student finance in which I 
scholarships and student 1 
sponsorship have their role. 

Loans have a number of 
advantages. They enfranchise 
the student as a consumer and 
judge of courses. They give 
fiscal recognition to the status 
of 18-year-olds as adults. They 
concentrate the student mind 
bn the world of work. And they 
alter the balance of transfers 
between the tax-paying public 
and a group whose fife-time 
earnings are likely to be 
substantially enhanced by 
their degrees. 

There now exists within the 
Department of Education and 
Science, after several previous 
reviews of student finance, a 
considerable volume of feet 
and international comparison. 
Mr Baker’s new review ought 
to be speedily conducted. The 
least and the best be should 
then do is to publish the 
documentation, organized in 
the shape of specific schemes, 
to let the public see, for the 
first time, what alternatives to 
the present grants shambles do 


.The privatization programme 
is currently suffering an 
embarrassing- and somewhat 
unnecessary fit of hiccups. 

: Indefinitely postponing the 
flotation of the Royal Ord- 
nance Factories is not vital to 
the programme in terras of 
public perception or public 
finance. But it follows, a pat- 
tern that the Treasury would . 
do well to analyse. 

British Airways has been 
stopped on theTunway. Plans 
to dispose of various parts of 
BL have come to nothing. 
There are question marks over 
the wholesale flotation of wa- 
ter authorities. 

“ All these - except for water 
— are insignificant compared 
to the planned sale of British 
Gas this Autumn. And what- 
ever doubts there may be over 
the sacrifice of competition to 
the investor-appeal of British 
Gas, that piece of privatization 
seems to be on'course, subject 
to the .state of the, _ stock 

-.Nonetheless, the setbacks' 
threaten the main benefit of. 
privatization: namely, freeing; 
as many enterprises as prac- 
ticable .from the stifling con- 
ditions of die public sector. In 
several cases, the problems 
involve the continuing depen- 
dence of hewfy-pnvapzed 

companies on public policy or 
state orders. Take, for in- 
stance. the ROF. Here the 
implications of the need to 
maintain commercially sur- 
plus* armaments capacity for 
the purposes of national se- 
curity do not seem to have' 
been fully considered.: Are 
such subsidies to be covertly 
allowed for in Ordering and 
pricing (to the detriment of 
competition), or - financed 
' explidty as in the . public 
service obligation payments to 
British Rail? 

The biggest cause of the 
recent setbacks, however, is 
Treasury inflexibility. The 
learning process that cul- 
minated so successfully in the 
sale of British Telecom - with 
re combination of well-honed 
City methods, the unprece- 
dented spread of share owner- 
ship. and the valuable political 
virtue that denationalization 
dearly meant true ownership 
bythe public — hasweddedthe 
■ Treasury to an overwhelming 
preference for privatizing via 
public flotations to a mass of 
. small investors. ' 

\ Not all companies are suited 
to Uus : -treatmenL Lord King, 
the diairman of British Air- 
ways,, always -held that an 
international airline business 
subject to political winds and 

competitive cycles was not to 
be compared with a lucrative 
utility. From the standpoint of 
financial efficiency, enter- 
prises such as the ROF or 
Rolls-Royce, which are risky 
and depend on relatively few 
orders, sit more comfortably 
and securely as divisions of 
larger corporations. 

'The stalemate in selling BL's 
divisions to diminish state 
cash support should turn 
people's attention to the alter- 
native method of creeping 
divestment of the group as a 
whole. Management would 
then have to organize its own 
deals. The proportion of BL 
shares in private hands is SO 
small that the current stock 
market valuation of £1.7 bil- 
lion is wholly artificial, but 
that does give scope for the 
Government to feed shares in 
the loss-making company qui r 
etly to the public. 

Ministers also seem to have 
lost interest in selling state 
enterprises to employees, de- 
spite the successful example of 
National Freight. Vet more 
flexibility is exactly what’s 
needed. A central and popular 
policy should not suffer from 
being forced into a mould 
mainly designed for the likes 
of British Telecom and British 

From ihe Chirf Constable of the 
Thames Valley Police 
Sir, 1 would not normally respond 
to inaccuracies in a newspaper 
article, even in The Times, but a 
Times leader whose thrust is as 
wrong as that of June 16 is a 
different consideration. 

I make no criticism of your 
confusion over police ranks. 
Vicariously you may be correct, 
for I Support the initiative taken 
by my chief superintendent 
responsible for the poticing of 
central and north Oxfordshire 
(which includes Oxford City) in 
his publishing advice to the under- 
graduates about their behaviour in 
public after.their examinations. 

Increasingly in recent years the 
residents, shoppers and tourists in 
the city have been greatly 
inconvenienced by the selfish and 
childish behaviour of some stu- 
dents. The Cautionary advice was 
caring and sound, and rather than 
: bring at Odds with the university 
authorities was included in the 
same envelope as a similar letter 
from their proctors about behav- 
iour within the colleges. 

I am sure most of your readers 
will appreciate that the colleges are 

Architects’ drawings 

From the President of the Royal 
Institute af British Architects 
Sir, T refer to the letter (June 14) 
from Mr Mark Girouard and his 
distinguished colleagues about our 
plans to unite the RIBA Drawings 
Collection milt the library in 
Portland Place. I am -inviting the 
signatories to meet me at the 
RIBA to hear about tire proposals. 

I fee] I should also explain to 
readers the reasons for my 
council's decision. 

The objective is- to bring our 
collections together at 66 Portland 
Place as the core of a national 
centre of architecture: for study, 
research and debate; a stimulating 
environment in which a wide 
variety of activities can com- 
plement one another under a 
single root 

This must be done worthily and 
it will be expensive. But it would 
also be expensive to leave the . 
drawings where they are. The 
accommodation at 21 Penman 
Square is delightful, but there can 
be no certainty at present that it 
will continue to ' be available 
indefinitely or that we could 
acquire the tease of additional 
space ^there. More important, to 

Talking about Ulster 

From Mr Tim Yea. MP for Suffolk 
South (Conservative) 

Sir, In bis letter: of June 10 the 
Unionist MPfor Strangford, John 
D. Taylor, asserts that three 
particular events have flowed 
from the Anglo-Irish Agreement: 
the first that Ulster members of 
Parliament do not communicate 
with Northern Ireland Office min- 
isters or participate in Northern 
Ireland business in Parliament; . 
second that 18 (that say the 
Unionist-controlled) of the 26 
councils in Northern Ireland have 
not held a business meeting since 
November. 1985; and third that it 
appeared likely that the Northern 
Ireland Assembly would shortly 
be closed (as has occurred). 

What he foils to make clear is 
that responsibility for these three 
actions rests firmly with the 
Unionists' leaders. It is upon. their 
shoulders that responsibility for 
refusing to communicate with 
ministers, refusing to transact the * 
proper business of local authori- 
ties and for treating the Northern 
Ireland Assembly simply as a 
forum for protest rather than 
performing the statutory duties 
which Parliament has laid upon ft. 

Gower’s dismissal 

From Mr Ken Dilkes 
.Sir, I note from your front page 
article of today (June 11) on the 
ludicrous removal of David 
Gower from the England cap- 
taincy that Peter May asked Mike 
Catting if he thought that he could 
do the job. just after he had left the 
field at Lords. This seems to beg 
three questions: 

1. Is this delegation of responsibil- 
ity taken to its extreme? Surety it is 
-for May to decide as to wbo is 
capable of captaincy and the only 
question should be the man's 

2. Who asks Peter May ifhe can do 

his job? < 

3. In view of the ignominious -I 
removal of his last two captains - 
does one presume that his honest { 
answer would be that he cannot? ■ 

Finally may I wish Mike \ 
Galtjug all the luck in the world. < 

but suggest that instead of putting 
on protective clothing to wand off 
the effects of West Indian fast 
bowling be search fbrsome protec- 
tion from a knife in the back from 
. the selectors. 

Yours faithfully, 

63 Park Vale Road. 


June 1 1. 

Aparfit knight 

From the Reverend R. S. Beresford 
Sir, H is entirely in Accord with Sir 
Nizri Loring's modesty that his 
Who’s Who entry (letter, June ! 1) 
omits his most noble distinction. 
Bruges’ Garter Book idk us that S: 
neel loringe was a Founder Knight 
of the Gaiter and occupied the 
tenth stall on the Prince's side of 
the Chapel. ’ 

Writhe's Gaiter Book agrees but 
spells his name Sir Nell Lorenge. 
A more surprising' omission is the 
coat of arms by which Sir Nigel 
would expect os. to recognise him 
— the silver shield with red roses. 
Yours faithfully. 


179 Casewick Road. 

Wesi Norwood. 5E27. 

June 12: ' 

e private property and whilst we 
offer informal advice, work 
1 closely with the proctors and 
r marshals and of course intervene 
t would 
s surely be wholly wrong for the 
I police to issue instructions as to 
how the college authorities, who 
* act in loco parentis, should dis- 
charge their responsibilities. And 
> what warning, without the benefit 
of hindsight after the recent tragic 
: and hopefully isolated event, 

’ would you have suggested should 
have been offered about the risks 
of what they might choose to do in 
private to these intelligent adults, 
however young and vulnerable? 

The Thames Valley Police care 
about all the people who live, 
work or study in our area. We are 
dedicated to fighting the dan- 
gerous menace o? ail illegal drugs. 
We work in dose co-operation 
with all other agencies ana bodies 
who each have their own 

Yours faiihfiiUy. 

colin SMrra 

Chief Constable, 

Thames Valley Police, 

Kidlington, Oxford. 

June 17. ~ 

invest further in Portman Square 
would remove the possibility of 
bringing our most precious pos- 
sessions together into the main- 
stream of the profession's life: 

We believe our plans are fea- 
sible and that the money will be 
forthcoming. I should add that it 
has always been recognised that • 
any central London location for 
the library or drawings collection, 
together or apart, is likely in time 
to need separate space for out- 
housing some of the material. 

Tens of thousands visit Port- 
land Place, many to use the 
library, the finest collection of 
architectural books in the world. 
Only a handful find their way to 
Portman Square to study and 
enjoy the beauties of our drawings 
collection. Together they would 
become (and be recognised by 
Government to be) the national 
subject collection for architecture. 
Each would become more valu- 
able and the whole very much 
more than the sum of the parts. 
Yours feithfulty, 

L. A. L ROLLAND, President, 
Royal Institute of British Archi- 

66 Portland Place, Wl. 

June 17. 

It is not my purpose to com- 
ment upon the specific points on 
the way forward which Mr Taylor 
makes in his letter, rather to make 
the point that at some point 
Unionist leaders must begin talk- 
ing to the Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland and the Prime 
Minister about the way forward, 
and the sooner the better. - 


House of Commons. 

Cleanup; up 

From the Reverend Canon Dr A. 
G J. Phillips 

Sir, On my last visit to Israel, for 
an academic conference, I took a 
day off to swim at Asbkelon. It 
was March — too early for Israeli 
swimmers. The only other inhab- 
itants of the beach were three 
Arabs collecting debris from win- 
ter storms. 

Half way through the day they 
stripped stark naked, swam, 
dressed, said their prayers, and 
continued gathering litter — a 
perfect example of the maxim that 
cleanliness is next to godliness. 
Yours etc. 


St John’s College, Oxford. 

Answering back 

From Mrs P. R. Granger 
Sir. My son recently celebrated his 
tenth birthday, and he followed 
his customary practice of compos- 
ing his thank-you letters on our 
word processor. He keys in a 
master version, changing details 
such as name and gin before 
priming and signing each copy. 

I have no idea what the recipi- 
ents think, but I do know that the 
sender actually enjoys producing 
the tetters as well as receiving the 

Yours faithfully, 


88 Queen Edith's Way, 


June 1 1. 

Threat to future 

From Lord Fletcher 
Sir. As a Fellow ofBirkbeck and a 
former Governor may I support 
the fears expressed in die House of 
Lords on June 13 that bureau- 
cratic incompetence and muddle 
pose a grotesque threat to the 
closure of Birkbeck. This college 
has for many years been the only 
college in London catering for 
evening students (that is, those 
who work in the day time) seeking 
a university degree. Birkbeck has 
produced over the years a series of 
scholars ranking with those from 
whole-time colleges of the univer- 

Why then is it threatened with 
closure? The Government blames 
the University Grants Committee, 
on whose advice the Government 
relies for the funding of univer- 
sities. The UGC cannot escape 
censure for a grotesque error but 
places the blame on the Court of 
the university, who were faced 
with the difficult task of allocating 
diminished funds. 

The basic feels are not in 
dispute. The Government decided 
that for university funding pur- 
poses the cost of educating part- 
time students should be reduced 
from 0.8 per cent of the cost of 
educating a full-time student to 
0.5 per cent. This may be justified 
statistically in the case of colleges 
that cater for both whole-time 
students. and part-time students. 
However, it manifestly works a 
great injustice to Birkbeck, which 
caters wholly for part-time stu- 
dents who pay their fees out of 
their earnings in daytime occupa- 

The University of London, in 
making its allocation to its col- 
leges, foils to take account of this 
vital feci and with respect to Lord 
Scarman, the chairman to the 
Court cannot escape criticism. 
The result is that unless this 
muddle is corrected Birkbeck will 
lose 20 per cent of its revenue. It 
will suffer a cut of £2 million out 
of £9 million. It will be unable to 
maintain the high standard which 
has made it so conspicuously 
successful in further education 
and may well have to dose its 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

June 18. 

Hie hippy convoy 

From Mr M. A. C. Drummond 
Sir, The two priests of Minstead in 
the New Forest have discovered 
much in favour of the hippies 
(June 11). They have chosen : to 
label them as nomads. !, too, 
wandered amongst-, the hippies 
and ’ tried patiently to discover 
what caused them to treat our land 
so badly, to totally disregard our 
laws and customs. Your corres- 
pondents were too simplistic, or 
perhaps commendably too anx- 
ious to see them as a tribe 
wandering from place to place in 
search of pasture or game, as the 
dictionary, or the Bible, sees 

There were indeed a small 
number who wished to be seen in 
this tight and in tune with the 
land. They recognised that their 
vehicles were alien and seemed to 
regret the damage and the resent- 
ment that such a large convoy 
inevitably caused to the com- 
moners of the New Forest and to 
the rural community. These few 
saw that dogs left to roam would 
attack stock and that the less 
discerning would see growing trees 
as fueL These are fee people your 
correspondents described. 

They did not see or experience, 
as I did, when I wandered quietly 
among the battered buses, fee 
other side. Men of violence, 
prepared to overturn anyone, even 
those of their own tribe, who stood 
in their way. They would not let 
priest or commoner, resident or 
displaced visitor stand in die way 
of their witi. If they had a creed, 
feat wash. 

If this sizeable fraction had 
camped hard by feat medieval 
gem, Minstead Church, the priests 
might have found it easier to 
separate the descant from fee 
main tune: 

Yours faithfully. 

(Chairman, The New Forest 
Consultative Panel). 

CadJand House, 


Southampton. Hampshire. 


JUNE 19 1877 

Russia and Turkey were at war 
between 1877 and 1878. The 
paper's records do not reveal the 
name of Our Special 
Correspondent, but it probably 
uxu Antonio GaUenga. 




If the 'Darks show as much 
energy in keeping the Russians 
away as they exhibit in shutting 
Correspondents out from their 
army the war wiQ be a long one. 
Their perseverance in the latter 
direction i* most praiseworthy. For 
a period of some five weeks several 
English g entl em en have been en- 
gaged in a sort of Kriegsptel with 
the authorities here. Profound 
courtesy on both sides is the law of 
the game, which is still going cm. 
After many moves Whites succeed- 
ed one after the other in reaching 
high places at Constantinople. 
There they were told, “We can do 
nothing. You must apply in person 
to the Commander-in-Chief at 
Shanda.” It is needless to say there 
was some tittle exercise of ingenu- 
ity and patience over fen next 
series of moves. The Commander- 
in -Chief, who managed to be too xD 
or busy to be seen on the first ten or 
dozen calls, at length became 
visible, but regretted feat his 
orders were absolute. Nobody un- 
provided with a letter of introduc- 
tion from the Grand Vizier at 
Constantinople could be allowed to 
remain in camp. Blacks evidently 
thought feat move as good as mate. 
Whites, however, returned to Con- 
stantinople, and worried Ambassa- 
dors and the Vizier until the much- 
coveted letters were obtained. 
Again the Chief of fee Army was 
on many occasions too ill to see his 
visitors, but at length he conde- 
scended to receive fee letters and 
keep them- Not a fine of permis- 
sion to remain was, however, given 
in return, and the position of every 
English Correspondent in the field 
but one is that he is at large in a 
vast camp wife nothing to show to 
any fanatical subaltern wbo may 
interrogate him. Such a position is 
not pleasant at a time like this. The 
gentleman whose case is exception- 
al has still his Vizierial letter and 
intends to keep it, until he gets 
something in return. 

The coolness of Englishmen is 
well known, but for a real calm 
disr eg ard for personal peril 1 can 
recommend a Turk. The other <foy 
at a station here a quantity of 
gunpowder was being packed in 
trucks for Shumla- One of the tin 
got damaged aim» 

wiseacre sent for s brazier to repair 
it where it stood. The man came 
wife his fire and soldering iron, 
mounted the truck, and was fol- 
' lowed by a score of soldiers amadous 
to see the fun. He was just about to 
commence operations when the 
stationmaster jumped up after 
him, and, unceremoniously pitch- 
ing him and his hot iron to to fee 
platform, told the soldiers that 
they might kill themselves if they 
liked, but feat he was responsible 
for fee station, and nobody should 
blow that up while he was there. 

I hope my new friends will not be 
angry with me when I say that 
good-natured stupidity seems to 
my mind the chief failing of fee 
common people here. A politeness 
which , is by no means' skin deep 
must be bracketed wife a natural 
kindliness and placed on fee credit 
side of the account The innumera- 
ble drinking fountains for animals 
— old, well-worn stone and marble 
structures, which show where we 
got the notion from —the tameness 
of every bird and beast (sparrows 
simply step politely on one ride to 
allow the pedestrian to pass) the 
sight of old and young folk 
constantly feeding our humbler 
fellow-creatures, all go to prove 
that the Turkish heart is not a hard 
or rough one. I rode out to 
Monastery Point yesterday to have 
a dip in the sea, and in fee eaves of 
the old walls there counted over a 
hundred swallows nests, and saw 
the graceful tittle tenants running 
about tike the tame pigeons in 
Guildhall yard, picking op crumbs 
thrown to them by the swarthy old 
Turk who held our horses. The 
excessive politeness here over- 
comes all opposition. Even a great 
Pasha kicks a Giaour Correspon- 
dent downstairs wife Infinite grace 

Sterling qualities Case to answer 

From Mr W. Grey 
Sir, The Prune Minister's — unlike 
many of her colleagues’ — rejec- 
tion of full UK membership of the 
EMS (European Monetary Sys- 
tem) on the ground that “One is 
denied the option of taking the 
strain on the exchange rate" in the 1 
event of “speculation against 
sterling** (report, June 11) raised 
more questions than it answered. 

What is so special about sterling 
that disqualifies it from the disci- 
pline (or rather self-discipline) 
accepted by others without de- 
mur? What distinguishes currency 
movements spurred by specula- 
tion from those caused by more 
fundamental factors, and where, 
incidentally, do speculators hide 
out between times? 

Above all. what is to prevent 
one, the Iron Lady included, when 
given an inch from taking an ell, 
with ail the damaging con- 
sequences such benign neglect has 
been known to produce? 

On the eve of Britain ’^assump- 
tion of the EEC presidency, what 
^assertion _ of the doctrine of 
splendid isolation, moreover, 
could have been less diplomatic or 
more dispiriting? 

Yours fetthfully. 


12 Arden Road. 

Finchley. N3. * 

From Mr N. K. J. Witney 
Sir. Mr Rob Hayward, MP, won- 
ders iThe Times. June 1 \) why a 
decreasing number of Civil Ser- 
vants need an increasing number 
of brief cases- 

It is not complicated. 

Fewer Civil Servants coping 
with the same workload need to 
take more of it home at evenings 
and weekends. 

Yours faithfully. 


26 Farlpw Road, SWl 5. 

Fowler’s field day 

From Mr U. G. Alien 
Sir, I have always tried to follow 
the sort of advice given in the style 
book of The Economist (Mr 
Levin’s article. June 13). But h 
causes problems. My professional 
colleagues tend to believe that I 
don't understand the subject prop- 
erly if 1 avoid the usual jargon. On 
the other hand, laymen feel flat if 
they can understand my message 
it cannot be very important. 

The optimum strategy career- 
wise must undoubtedly be the 
cultivation of a degree of in- 

Yours faithfully, 


38 Glenwood Avenue, 


Southampton. Hampshire. 

cigarettes and coffee- The style of 
official documents even errs on fee 
side of "good breeding". My friend 
and enemy fee late Vati of 
Rustchuk, the gentleman wbo 
wished to send me adrift on the 
Danube, has, as you know, been 
recalled : 

On the record 

From Dr Robert M. H. Lefever 
Sir, Professor David Short is 
reported (June 9) as being con- 
cerned that doctors will have to 
change the way they write their 
notes as a result of the Data 
Protection Act I see this as no bad 
thing at all. For most of us the 
discipline of having our records 
computerised will at least ensure 
that they are structured and 

If. in addition, we are dis- 
couraged from making comments 
that either we cannot substantiate 
clinically or cannot support 
personally then the accuracy and 
relevance of our records can only 



2a Pelham Street. SW7. 

June 9. 

True to type? 

From the Parliamentary Under- 
Secretary of State for Transport 
Sir. You describe me stalling on 
the M42 (Diary. June 13). What 
else do you expea from a poli- 

Still yours. 

Department of Transport. 

2 Marsham Street. $WI. 

June 12. 

.* **?•» fli »: 



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with 0% APR finance over 12 months. 

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the 0% APR deal is only one of many low finance packages 
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your nearest Peugeot Talbot dealer. 

He’ll show you how much Peugeot has. to offer. And also, 
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(( FOCI B ) 

June 19, 1986 

By Peter Strafford 

A haven 
for finance 
and fun 

Pictures: John Voo* 

For many people the image of 
the Channel Islands is that ofa 
holiday resort, small and re- 
mote. but not too remote, and 
with a strong line in tomatoes 
and new potatoes. All this is 
true, but it is only part of a 
mote complex and more inter- 
esting picture, which is en- 
hanced by the far-reaching 
changes that have taken place 
on the islands during the past 
20 years or so. 

During that time Jersey and 
Guernsey have become im- 
portant financial centres, deal- 
ing essentially in offshore 
business. In the narrow back 
streets of St Peter Port, the 
capital of Guernsey, for in- 
stance. boards and brass plates 
proclaim the presence of 
banks, insurance companies 
and accountancy firms of 
international standing. 

Even on Sark, where cars 
are banned and the island is 
headed by a Seigneur, some of 
the people silting in a horse- 
drawn carriage making its way 
quietly along a country road 
turn out to be directors of a 
company that has been set up 
on the island for tax advan- 
tages. They have come from 
London for a board meeting, 
perhaps in someone's house, 
where they will be joined by 
members of the island com- 
munity who have also been 
made directors. 

The islands today are a 
remarkable combination of 
constitutional arrangements 
that go back to feudal tunes 
and late 20th-century finance. 
One has led to the other. It is 
the constitutional set-up that 
has . enabled the islands to 
maintain their own taxation 
systems, independent of any- 
thing that may be decreed by 
the Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer at Westminster; and that 
combined with their political 
stability and their nearness to 
London, has been their attrac- 
tion for financiers from round 
the world. 

At the same time, with their 

natural beauty and unusual 
situation, they remain appeal- 
ing holiday centres, though 
they are having to make 
adjustments for changing 
tastes. They continue to have 
natural produce for sale — new 
potatoes in Jersey, for exam- 
ple, and tomatoes and flowers 
in Guernsey — as well as some 
light industry, which Guern- 
sey in particular has been 
encouraging successfully. 

They have their differences 
— Jersey the more go-getting, 
while Guernsey prides itself 
on being less commercial — 
and there is a strong sense of 
rivalry between the two largest 
islands, each of which likes to 
behave as if the other did not 
exist. But their similarities are 
much greater than their 

Throughout the islands is a 
common culture based on 
French and the old Norman- 
French pmois, now in decline. 

Natural beauty and 
unusual situation 

and a determination to run 
their own affairs. 

The people of the islands 
have proved remarkably 
adept at retaining a consider- 
able degree of independence 
over the years, in spite of, or 
perhaps because of their small 
size. They were for some time 
off-shore islands of the Duchy 
of Normandy, and their link 
with the English Crown began 
with the Norman Conquest of 
1066, when William the Con- 
queror became King of En- 
gland and Duke of Normandy. 

When King John lost the 
rest of Normandy to the 
French at the beginning of the 
13th century, the islanders 
had to decide whether they 
wanted to owe allegiance to 
the French or the English 
Crown. They opted for the 
King of England and a .major 

Seaside scene and a smiling face: The picturesque harbour of St Peter Port in Guernsey and fisherman Joseph Bichard with his catch of spider crabs 

consideration was obviously 
that he was the further away of 
the two and less likely to be 
able to exercise close control. 
So it proved. 

In succeeding centuries tbe 
islands were in the from line 
in the wars between England 
and France, as their heavily 
fortified castles show. They 
developed a profound loyalty 
to tbe English cause and. 
despite a culture based on the 
French language, have never 
shown any desire to become 
part of France. 

But they have always insist- 
ed — now as much as ever — 
that their link is solely with 
the Crown. They are subjects 
of tbe Queen, just as the 
English, Welsh and Scots are, 
but they are not part of the 
United Kingdom, and within 
certain constraints are free to 
order their own affairs without 
interference from the British 

Foreign affairs and defence 
are a British responsibility, 
and Westminster can legislate 
for the islands, which come 
under the Home Office. But in 
practice the islands have a 
considerable degree of inde- 
pendence; and they have even 
achieved a most satisfactory 
relationship with tbe Europe- 
an Community, by which they 
are part in it and part out 

The result is that real power 
continues to be wielded by the 

Dates in the islands’ history 

933 Islands incorporated 
Duchy of Normandy 
1066 Norman Conquest 

1204 1 



King John loses conti- 
nental Normandy but retains 
Channel Islands 
14th and 15th centuries Period 
of wars with France 
1483 Papal Bull declares neu- 
trality of Channel Islands 
1565 Helier de Carteret colo- 
nizes Sark from Jersey 
1642-1651 English Civil Wan 
Jersey lakes the side of Charles 
I and gives refuge to the Prince 
of Wales (later Charles II) and 
Duke of York (later James II). 
Guernsey sides with 

1651 Jersey surrenders to 
Parliamentarians, as does 
Royalist Governor of 

1660 Restoration of Charles 
II. Jersey in favour Guernsey- 

18th century Period of increas- 

i ^prosperity. 

French repulsed in Battle 
of Jersey 

1789-1815 Coastal defences 
deter French attempts to 

1846 Queen Victoria and 
Prince Albert visit Guernsey 
and Jersey 

1852 Victor Hugo arrives in 
exile in Jersey. Expelled in 
1855 for criticizing Queen 
Victoria’s visit to Napoleon 
III. he moves to Guernsey, 
where be lives for 14 years. 
1914-1918 French seaplanes 
based in Guernsey 
1939-1945 Channel Islands 
under German occupation 
from 1 940 to 1945. 

various legislative bodies, all 
of which have deep roots in 
the islands' Norman past — 
the States in Jersey, Guernsey 
and Alderney, and Chief Pleas 
in Sark. It is there that 
decisions are taken which 
affect the economic and social 
futures of the islanders. 

In many ways the Second 
World War was a watershed. 
The islands underwent a trau- 
matic occupation by the Ger- 
mans — though it was 


[Pandion Haliaetus) 

Lives only in isolated nesting spots 
near unpolluted , clear fresh water. 

'ike all rare and valuable things, investments can 
only flourish in ideal conditions. 

Brown Shipley in the Channel Islands combines the 
investment and financial management talents ofaleading 
banking institution with the benefits of two highly reputable 
offshore financial centres, Jersey and Guernsey, which both 
offer confidentiality and freedom from the ravages of wealth 
taxes capital taxes and death duties. 

Providing a comprehensive range of financial services to 
the off-shore investor, from private banking, otfshore funds 
and investment management to trust formation and financial 
planning, Brown Shipley in Jersey or Guernsey offers the 
pefect environment for your highly-prized investments. 

If you would like to find out more about the services 
provided by Brown Shipley in the Channel Islands, please 
contact, David Berkeley, Executive Director, at either address 

Brown Shipley 

Brown Shipley (Jersey) Limited 
Channel House, Green Street, 
St Helier, Jersey, 
Channel Islands. 
Telephone: (0534) 74777 

Broun Shipley (Guernsey) Limited 
Channel House, Forest Lane, 

St Peter Port Guernsey, 
Channel Islands. 
Telephone: (0481) 23069 

Audited accounts available on request 

considerably more benign 
than that of the continental 
countries - and had to make a 
fresh start when it was over. 

Both Jersey and Guernsey 
already had flourishing agri- 
cultures, though with marked 
differences, whereas Jersey 
broadly slopes down from 
north to south and can grow 
its crops in the open, Guern- 
sey slopes the other way and 
found that its tomatoes had to 
be grown in greenhouses. Both 
found a ready market in tbe 
UK, helped as they were by 
their southerly position, 
which meant the crops were 

Agri culture was less impor- 
tant for Jersey, however, and 
it encouraged tourism, which 
had already begun before the 
«ar, Guernsey, loo, had its 
visitors, but on a smaller scale. 

The development of the 
islands as financial centres 
began in the 1960s. Again it 
was Jersey which was the 
leader. For some years it had 
had income tax, both for 
individuals and companies, at 
a flat rate of 20 per cent; and 





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when the States did away with 
legislation which put a 5 per 
cent limit on interest rates, the 
way was open for banks and 
other financial institutions to 
move in. 

Guernsey followed suit, 
making a speciality of captive 
insurance - the arrangements 
made by large companies to 

Space is the 
biggest problem 

cover their own risks — with 
the result that the financial 
industry is now the largest 
contributor lo the budget in 
both islands, as well as signifi- 
cant employer. The islanders 
have accommodated them- 
selves without difficulties to 
the presence of neat-suited 
men with briefcases, arriving 
from round the world. 

Perhaps the biggest problem 
now for the islands is the 
limitation of space. Jersey and 
Guernsey are small to say 
nothing of the others, and they 
have much to make them 
attractive to immigrants — the 
low rate of tax. economic 
success (there is almost no 
unemployment), and their 
physical appeal. But to allow 
unrestricted immigration 
would destroy their character. 

Each island has its own way 
of curbing immigration. The 
difficulty lies in trying to 
ensure that limitations of that 
sort do not also hamper their 
continued economic health. 

Not a sign of 
party politics 

When the States of Jersey 
meet in session, there in a 
prominent position is the mag- 
nificent silver-gilt mace pre- 
sented to them by Charles □, 
similar to the one at Westmin- 
ster. But the formal opening 
proceedings, including the 
prayer read by the Dean, are in 
French and there is ranch to 
remind one that the island, 
like the other Channel Is- 
lands, has its own distinctive 

The presiding officer is the 
Bailiff. Peter Clrill, who is the 
titular head of the island under 
the Queen, who appoints him, 
and he is essentially a judicial 
rather than a political figure 
who also presides over the 
Royal Court - though he has a 
casting vote in the States. 

The other voting members 
of the States are 12 senators, 
12 comfet&btes or constables 
representing the island's par- 
ishes, and 29 deputies. 

The Queen's representative, 
who also has a seat, but no 
vote, in the States, is the 
Lieutenant Governor, Admiral 
Sir William Pillar. He pro- 
vides a . link between the States 
and the Home Office in Lon- 
don, which handles Channel 
Islands affairs. 

The most surprising feature 
is that there are no party 

politics in Jersey, or any other 
of the Channel Islands. Tbe 
members of the States sit as 
individuals, and if there are 
alliances between them mi 
specific issues that come up for 
debate, there is no likelihood 
that the same people will vote 
together on other occasions. 

Yet tbe members of the 
various legislatures have real 
power to decide policy on the 
many issues confronted by the 
islanders, from tbe level of 
income tax to immigration 
policy and support for agricul- 
ture. They are responsible for 
the whole range of services ran 
independently by the islands 
from airports and harbours 
to electricity and the 

It is done esssentiaUy by 
committee. Committees are set 
up to handle the various areas 
of policy — finance and eco- 
nomics, tourism, public health 
— and they make recommen- 
dations to the States. A pro- 
posal that has been adopted by 
the States is transmitted by 
the Lieutenant Governor to the 
Privy Council in London and 
once it has been approved 
there it becomes law. 

In Jersey there is a 
policy advisory committee, 
which has the task of co- 
ordinating policy, together 
continued on page ] 6 


.!• * . 

♦v : < : 


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At The Royal Bank of Scotland’s brandies and subsidiaries 
in the Channel Islands we can offer you that better service, because 
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Telex 4191607 " 


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The fringe 
benefits of a 

Entertaining delegates is usually an 
expensive necessity. Onjersey, it becomes an 
affordable pleasure. 

Low duty and no VAT combine to cut costs 
all round. A 3-night conference in a 3-sun 
hotel can cost just £87.25 per head. Or in a 
luxury 4-sun hotel, up to £1 1 1. Costs which are 
calculated to please, for they include a welcome 
cocktail party' and a gala / 

dinner on the final night "‘■.v-;-.. V w 

Add the attractions y ' ^ j ° 

of VAT-free Shopping, /? 

cheap car hire and the / 

value to be found in our ^ r 

many top-dass restaurants, F 

and you'll appreciate how important our fringe 
benefits can be. Particularly when combined 
with die expertise of our Conference Bureau, 
which will help you make the best use of a wide 
range of facilities for meetings of 2000 -or 20. 

Full details from David de Carteret jt the Jersey Conference 
Bureau. States ofjersev Tourism. Weighbridge, St Heliec 
Jersey Q. Or ring 053-1 76512/73000. 

with economy 

A feudal air and a taste of France 

The Channel Islands have a 
great deal to offer as tourist 
resorts. But the nature of the 
tourist industry has been 
changing as the Mediterra- 
nean. for instance, has become 
a major attraction. 

Both in Jersey and in 
Guernsey there is an aware- 
ness of having to compete 
harder for visitors. In the past 
there was a sure market in the 
United Kingdom, often of 
families who wanted no more 
than a traditional bucket-and- 
spade family holiday. But now 
there are counter-attractions 
in other places where the sun 
is holier and the cost no 

There is, therefore, an at- 
tempt to attract visitors from 
further afield, France initially, 
but also the Netherlands and 
West Germany. There is also a 
feeling that ihe future of 
tourism in the Channel Is- 
lands lies in moving 

The appeal of the islands is 
clear. With long shorelines 
they have superb beaches and 
cliffs, and rural interiors. 
Their climate is warmer than 
that of much of the British 
Isles, and they have the added 
attraction of a touch of exoti- 
cism: they are close to France 
while being undoubtedly 

They do not of course have 
the cultural attractions of 
some larger countries, but 
they have some magnificent 
castles — Mont Orgueil and 
Elizabeth Castle in Jersey, 
Castle Comet in Guernsey - 
which reflea the islands' tur- 
bulent past 

St Peter Port, the capital of 
Guernsey, is an exquisite 

Promenade strollers: Taking die air at St Brelade's Bay, Jersey 

small harbour town of narrow 
streets and stately town- 
houses, with views out to sea 
of the islands of Herat, Jetbou 
and Sark. Its museum gives a 
graphic account of the island's 

Jersey was the first island to 
appreciate the possibilities of 
tourism, which began before 
the Second World War. For 
some time Guernsey derived 
most of its income from its 
flourishing horticultural in- 
dustry, but when that ran into 
difficulties it started to take a 
more active interest in attract- 
ing visitors. 

The result is that today 
Jersey is the more commer- 
cialized in style* Guernsey 
definitely quieter. St Helier 
does not have the appeal of St 
Peter Port. But there are pretty 
yachting harbours elsewhere 
in Jersey, at Gorey and - St 

The smaller islands all have 
their individual characteris- 
tics. Alderney, which was 
completely evacuated before 
the German occupation in 
1 940. was turned into concen- 
tration camp, but has since 
started a new life. There is also 
Sark with its feudal air and 

Herm with its beaches and 

One idea, which is bring 
developed both in Jersey ana 
Guernsey, is to attract more 
people to the islands by hold- 
ing conferences there. Anoth- 
er, which. was explained to me 
by Senator John Rothwell, 
president of Jersey's States 
tourism committee, is to ex- 
tend the notion of a tourist 
season by encouraging people 
to come for short breaks, or 
second holidays, at other 
times -of year. 

Both he and Michael Wal- 

Flowers all the 
way to the bank 

There was a time when much 
of Guernsey was covered by 
glass-houses growing toma- 
toes. They are known as 
vineries because they were 
used for growing grapes before 
the arrival last century of the 
“love apple”, or tomato. 

Today the tomato business 
has been dramatically re- 
duced. Whereas at the peak in 
the late 1970s, Guernsey used 
to export some 8.5 million 
trays a year, the figure now is 
no more than 1 .5 or 2 million. 
But the business continues, 
and the growers have met the 
challenge by diversifying into 
other crops, particularly 

Agriculture and horticulture 
have long been a vital part of 
the economies of all the 
Channel Islands. They have 
their differences - Jersey be- 
ing tilted towards the sun, and 
Guernsey away from it — and 
that has partly conditioned 
their development In Jersey it 
is easier to grow crops out of 
doors, while Guernsey was 
early forced to adopt the 
technology of glasshouses. 

But agriculture remains a 
staple element in island life, 
even if its contribution to 
budgets has fallen behind that 
of other sectors. Colin Powell, 
the influential Economic Ad- 

viser to the States of Jersey, 
emphasizes its importance as 
part of the social fabric — not 
least the link between the 
honorary police, a significant 
feature of Channel Island s life, 
and the farming community. 

Jersey cows continue to 
produce all the island's milk, 
providing the basis for a 
valuable dairy industry; and 
on the rival island the Guern- 
seys can usually be counted on 
to do the same. Only Guern- 
sey cows are allowed on 
Guernsey, though experi- 
ments have been made on a 
Guemsey-Charolais cross- 
breed for beef production. 

Jersey's strength is in new 
potatoes, whose success is the 
key to the island's agricultural 
well-being. But it also pro- 
duces cauliflowers, tomatoes 
and flowers, as well as new 
crops such as courgettes and 

It is possible, with hind- 
sight, to argue that Guernsey's 
tomato industry was doomed, 
because sooner or later there 
was bound to be unbeatable 
competition from places fur- 
ther south. But for several 
years the island's tomatoes 
seemed to be riding high, and 
the growers were lulled by the 
apparent security of success. 

Now that the blow has 

HI® J 

. -3 i£, 

*-/■ A- _!£• M 


. i ‘M? 

Back-breaking job: Picking Jersey potatoes by hand 

fallen, they are looking around its long-term future, and era- 
for other crops to take the phasize the- need to develop 
tomato's place. One possibili- crops which do not require too 
ly is the kiwi fruit, now being much beat, 
widely grown. But officials For the moment that ap- 
express serious doubts about pears to be essentially flowers. 

den, director of tourism in 
Guernsey, emphasize the need 
to change attitudes in the hotel 
and catering industry, as the 
old pattern of holidaymaking 
is changing. Volume might be 
down on the past, but new 
approaches to attracting visi- 
tors can achieve results. 

The islands are already 
beginning to attract more 
foreign visitors. A few years 
ago about ~97 per cent of 
visitors to Jersey were British. 
Now the figure is only 80 per 
cent with 13 per cent French 
and the rest from other Conti- 
nental countries. 

The island is exporting about 
£30 million of them a year — 
exports of tomatoes used to be 
worth twice as much as those 
of flowers, but it is now the 
other way round. Guernsey 
grows 30 per cent of all the 
roses going into the United 
Kingdom, and 80 per cent of 
the freesias. Other successful 
flowers are carnations and 

At the same time the island 
is anxious -to have other 
strings to its bow and, in 
addition to its flourishing 
financial sector, is setting out 
to build up' light industry. 
Tektronix, the large American 
company and a major manu- 
facturer of oscilloscopes, for 
testing electronic equipment, 
has been established in the 
island since 1958, and Guern- 
sey has attracted other high- 
technology firms. ... . 

Dvnatech, another Ameri- 
can company, which makes 
both communications equip- 
ment and clinical equipment, 
arrived in 1976. Eurotherm, a 
British company making elec- 
tronic instruments, arrived 
the year before. 

Jersey, by contrast, is not 
encouraging light industry, be- 
cause new -companies, would 
put further strain on the 
island's limited workforce — 
and it does not want more 
immigrants. Bat it does have 
some small firms, malting 
knitwear, electronics equip- 
ment and shock absorbers, for 
instance, as well as one pack- 
ing lea. 



is out 

continued from page 1 5 

wnta the key finance and 
e con omics committee. 

In Guernsey co-ordination 
is carried out by fee a dvisory 
and finance committee. 

The Channel Islands are 
divided into two baflhricks, 
Jersey and Guernsey. There 
are many similarities, h ut each 
has Rs own separate constitu- 
tional arrangements, and 
these reflect the detemnnwi 
indmdua&sm of the islanders, 
maintained over die centuries. 

Guernsey, Eke Jersey, has a 
Bailiff, Sir Charles Frossa rd, 
aid a Lieutenant Governor, Lt 

Gen Sir Alexander Boswell. 
But the make-up of the States 
b different — 1 2 cooseOkrs, 33 
deputies, 10 representatives of 
the doozaines, or parisb^cmm- 
efis, and two representatives of 
the States of Alderney — with 
the consefllers being elected in 
a different way from Jersey’s 

Besides that, the bailiwick 
of Guernsey includes the is- 
lands of Alderney and Sark, 
each of which has its own 
legislature, the Stales in Al- 
derney and Chief Pleas in 
Sark. So whereas the two 
smaller islands can l egislate 
oo most matters that concern 
them, the States of Guernsey 
have certain overriding pow- 
ers, particularly in criminal 
law. . . 

None of the islands is part of 
the UK and this nukes for a 
complex and sensitive rela- 
tionship with Westminster 
and the British Government. 
The British Government is 
responsible for the defence 
and international relations of 
the islands, and Westminster 
has the power to legislate for 
them in any area in the last 

This became an important 
issue when Britain was negoti- 
ating to join the European 
Economic Commurnty. The 
blinders did not want to 
become full members of the 
EEC, because they would have 
lost much of then- cherished 
independence, particularly on 
fenrnrimt policy. But at the 
same time they did not want to 
lose their dose links with 
Britain, which gave free entry 
to them ami their agricultural 
and faortfcoftmal products. 

So after consultation with 
Westminster it was agreed 
that Britain would propose a 
compromise on their behalf. 
The islands would become 
subject to the EEC's common 
external tariff on industrial 
goods, and to certain parts of 
die common agricultural poli- 
cy, on levies, for instance, from 
outside coentries. 

They would not, however, 
receive support from the agri- 
cultural fund in Brussels, and 
would not be subject to EEC 
roles on the free movement of 
persons, capital movements 
and tax harmonization. 

The proposals were accept- 
ed by the Six, and the Channel 
Islands now have a states 
which suits them very well. 
They are in part members of 
the Community, hot in certain 
important respects have re- 
tained their traditional free- 
dom of movement. 

- ,1 a W ‘ 

.lint • 

A rvfcr k V 

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'r •*%*>*-> 

Managing Director. Royal Trust Bank r. Jersey i Limited. 

p^T Please send me information j 

1 — 1 on your offshore financial 

j P.O. Box 194. Royal Trust House. Colombene, 

j SL Helier. Jersey. Channel Islands. 



, Name 


1 - 1 

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T 19/6 | 





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1 To: Tiro TMen-Snrth. • 

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How, has it come about that 
banks like the Chase Manhat- 
tan, the-flanque Natkmale de 
Paris or the Bank' of India 
would 'want to set themselves 
up in the Channel islands on 
the fringe of Europe? All three 
-are established in Jersey, and 
jthere-.aie aizoge&er .almost 
i 1 00 banks. British and foreign, 
.divided, between St HeUer and 
-StPtterPOrL .... 

_ In addition,.there.are insur- . 
mice companies; trust funds 
.and a range of accountants’ 
firms, stockbrokers, lawyers 
and others, all of whom have 
decided that it is worth, their 
while to be in the Channel 
Islands. . !"• 

V Total deposit liabilities are 
estimated at some £23 billion 
m Jersey . and . £7 billion' in 
^Guernsey — although overall 
the two islands’ activities in 
the financial area are of rough- 
ly equal importance. They 
carry out ofisnoxie fimd man- 

i- One major appeal 
is the low tax rate . 

agement, investment manage- 
ment, company 

administration and much else. 

■ ' The main reason for the 
islands 4 appeal is of course 
their low tax rates — .20 per 
cent on both personal and 
company Income: .But a fur- 
ther attraction, vigorously pot 
.forward by the island authori- 
ties. is die political* stability 
enjoyed for many years. This 
is foe product of an unusual 
non-party political system in 
which there is no risk of policy 
swings after elections. 

Finally, there’ is the proxim- 
ity ta London, weather condi- 
tions permitting, and a 
telecommunications system 
that links up St Helier-aad St 
Peter Port with anywhere in 
foe world.!.: ' 

Thereis concern over recent 
accusations that the islands 
are being used to “launder” 
money from criminal, organi- 
zations such as drug traffick- 
ers. Bui the island authorities 
maintain that though it is 
impossible:*} besurc there is 
■none of foal, they do cany out 
checks, and are ready, to play 
their part in international 
arrangements to control the 
access of undearable funds. . 

move in 

• They argue foal they never 
. set out to be a lax haven, and 
that the low rate of tax is 
.simply foe result of prudent 
budgeting. There is ho public 
. debt in either Jersey or Guern- 
sey, and they . berth have 
healthy economies with low 
unemployment - 

But the fact is that in recent 
years they have actively set 
out to develop their status as 
. otikhore financial centres, and 
these new services are-now an 
economic mainstay. 

In Jersey, foe financial sec- 
tor -is now thought to be ob a 
par with tourism as one of the 
two main contributors to foe 
budget, as wen as 'an impor- 
tant employer. In Guernsey, it 
is the single most important 
contributor, ahead of tourism, 
horticulture and light 

- Jersey was first in foe field, 

- whh a decision by the States in 
1 961 to do away with legisla- 
. tion limiting foe permitted 
rate of interest to five per cent 
This led .to aja- influx of banks 
in the 1960s, and by foe mid- 
1970s there were so many 
established on the island that 
restrictions .were imposed. 

By that time Guernsey was 
actively interested, and banks 
were befog- set up -foere: 
Guernsey legislation was also 
more favourable to insurance 
business, particulariy the cap- 
tive insurance ^companies set 
op by 'big firms fo cover-some 
of their own risks,, and so the 
island became one of the 
world’s leaders in offshore 
insurance!. - 

Now, both islands are ex- 
tremely selective in whom 
they wflj admit, and applica-' 
lions are carefully scrutinized. 
The problem is that neither of 
them - wants an influx of 

immigrantv'so'vriien a new 
institution is admitted, strict 
limits are set on the number of 
outside employees it can bring 
in.' ■ 

' In the early days, much of 
foe business in foe Channel 
Islands was designed for Brit- 
ish expatriates who wanted to 
avoid UK taxes. Now it is for 
more international, catering 
for people with, no British 
links. Out of the total deposit 
liabilities-held in Jersey of £23 
billjon, only some £6 billion is 
in sterling. ' 


Sark, the isle 
that time forgot 

EJ F □- U-: -q. zt 

Top left: The Bailiff of Jersey, Peter CriU, and above, Hirzel Court showing the many financial houses located in 
St Peter Port, Guernsey. Above right: The Seigneur of Sark, Michael Beaumont, ontside the Seigneurie 

The £50,000 a year immigrants 

The Channel Islands are 
sundL Jersey has an area of 45 
square miles and a population 
of aboot 77,000; Guernsey is 
24 square miles and has some 
55JHM) inhabitants. They are, 
therefore, understandably sen- 
sitive abost immigration, 
since a small influx of. new 
residents- can have consider- 
able effects. 

The main attraction for new 
residents is the low rate of 
income tax — a flat rate of 20 
-per cent.- But there is also the =■ 
comfortable standard of li ving 
oh " the islands; with their 
prosperous economies and 
appealing setting. 

There is nothing in either 
island to prevent a British, or 
other EEC, national from 
travelling there or even find- 
ing a job as an employee. But 
buying or leasing a boose to 
five in is another matter, and 
that is bow they restrict 

In Jersey, whe rc co ntr o ls are 
generally tighter • than in 
Gaerasey, it is also not possi- 
ble to start dp a new badness, 
or expand an existing one, 
without the permission of the - 

States finance and economics 
committee. The fear is that 
anytiting of that sort could 
sock in unwekome new 
immigraiim. . 

As for boosing a Jersey, 
any sale or lease bar to be 
approved by foe housing com- 
mittee, and approval is rarely 
given. One way of getting it is 
for the wonld-be resident to 
satisfy foe co mmi ttee that he 
is an essential employee of the 

pBes a nrinhaom income of 

Among those who have 
achieved Jersey residence on 
this basis are Lord Cromer, 
foe former Governor of the 
Bank of England, Alan Whick- 
er, the television personality. 
Jack Higgins, the author, ami 
Derek Warwick, die racing 
driver. . . 

In Guernsey, control is 
exercised through having two 

There is a real fear that starting up a new 
business will attract unwelcome immigrants 

bnsmess or mat i tnrinn em- 
ploying him. 

The other is for him to he 
sufficiently richto-prove that 
he would he of. .significant 
economic or social benefit to 
the island. Fifteen people a 
year are admitted on this 
basis, known as the “K’s” 
because that is the classifica- 
tion, after they have satisfied, 
foe committee that they will 
contribute substantially more 
than £10,000 a year 'to the 
island’s revenues (which im- 

separate bossing markets. 
Houses on foe local market 
can -only be occupied by 
someone with residential sta- 
tus, - which has become . in- 
creasingly diffi cult to acquire. 
Here again, the criterion for 
new applicants is whether a 
person is Guernsey born or an 
essential employee. 

The open market consists of 
some U800 booses, all at the 
expensive end of the price 
range, starting at about 
£200,000. There are nsnaOy , 
about 100 of them up for sale, i 

■ TlieB^liofNovaScotia 
Chasing Islands 

(Paid-up Capital and Reserves exceed US$20 million) 

The Bank of Nova Scotia Trust Company 
Channel felands limited 

Trust faaTrtiffi. Theseservices are available to expatriates and other interested parties 
BKdiKfihgperstmsnot dornidled inihe United Kingdom who wish to place their business 
in the Island of Jersey. The twocompames are wholly owned by The Bank crfNova Scotia. 

Depots are ^cepted in foe foQowihg najor qurenaes - US $, Canadian. $, Deutsche 
Marits,ECirS, Sterling, SwissFrancs. 

Fora copy efthe latest audited accounts and further information jrfease contact 

-T.R.V.Hougl^ManagWlXrectoi; . 

The Bank of Nova Scotia Chann el Islands Limited, 

Queen’s House, 13-15 Don Road, St Heliei; Jersey. Channel Islands. 

Deposits made with The Bank oTNova Scotia Channel Islands Limited 
in Jersey are not covered by the Deposit Pnrterti6aSdieme under the 
United Kingdom Banking Act 1979. 

Cry Haro! for relief 

One of foe most extraordinary*: 
Survivals from Norman times 
in the -Channel Islands is the Haro. This is a 
procedure designed to give 
rapid relief in something of 
the same way as a court 

IE for instance, someone 
sees that a neighbour is build- 
ing on his land, in order to 
stop him he has to kneel down 
in the presence of two witness- . 
es and cry but “Haro! Haro! 
Haro! & l'aide, mon prince! on 
me fait tort!” Then he has to 1 
recite the Lind's Prayer lin 

The allegedly offending per- 
son has to stop what he is 
doing so that the case can be 
brought to court. The person 
who has raised the damenr 
then has to register his com- 
plaint at foe Greffe, foe island 

'record office, within 24 hours, 
and foe case must be made 
within a year and a day. 

The procedure is thought to 
date from the time of Duke 
RoBo of Normandy, the cry . 
of “Haro!” possibly being an 
abbreviation of“Ha Rollo!” 

It is not an everyday occur- 
rence in foe Channel Islands, 
but remains legally valid, and 
has been used on a number of 
occasions in recent years, 
often with success. 

A typical case was a shop- ! 
keeper in St- Peter Port, in ; 
Guernsey, who considered his ^ 
business was being damaged 
by a crane operated by a 
nearby building contractor. He 
went through foe motions and 
foe claim was upheld. When 
foe contractor continued to 
cause trouble he was fined. 

- ~ — - A YEAR — — 


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NO FIXED TERM — the investment can 
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minimum investment £poo 

The Fund has been certified as a "Distributing 
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Britannia is one of the leading IftvMtment 
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-Calciiiated asat 4th June W86. * 

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Fast, efficient and diverse tdammiwmicatiors 
are vital to an offshore business community. 
Especially one with a significant finance sector. 
■Guernsey ^ Telecoms contribute to the Island's 
success by prayitfing a wide range of services 
and apparatus to give their customers versatile, 
cost effective telecommunications and data 

To fowl outwbat Guernsey Telecoms can 
'tk> lor yout contact our Technical 
Marketing Department at the^ Telecom 
Centre, Upland Road, St Peter Port, 
Guernsey, telephone (0481) 711221. 

and they can be bought by 

Gnernsey's tighter controls 
have recently been given pub- 
licity by the case' brought 
against the island authorities 
at foe. European Court of 
Human Rights by Mr and Mrs 
Gerald GHIow. The Gfllows, 
an English couple, bnilt a 
house in Guernsey and lived 
foere from 1956 to I960, when 
Mr GiUow took op an over- 
seas post with a United Na- 
tions agency. 

On their return in 1979 they 
found that the law had been 
changed, so that they no 
longer had residential status. 
They could not occupy then- 
own house. The case is now 
under consideration. 

Sark is differehL An island of 
steep cliff? and quiet country 
lanes, in clear view of the 
French coast it has succeeded 
in retaining its individuality 
through the centuries. Today 
its affairs are still headed by a 
Seigneur, who has inherited 
privileges that go back to 
feudal times; and it still 
refiises-to ahow cars on its 

It is not that it is cut off. 
Regular ferries make foe 45- 
minute trip from Guernsey. 
But iis eccentric, and appeal- 
ing, character is obvious to the 
visitor from foe moment be 
steps ashore and sees . foe 
public -transport standing by- 
to take him up foe hflL 

This is a long conveyance 
with rows of seats, known as 
foe “toast-rack”, which is 
balanced on two wheels and 
towed by a tractor. Tractors 
are allowed on Sark and this 
one takes visitors up into the 
village, where they can trans- 
fer to carriages pulled by 
sturdy horses, or to bicycles, 
or walk. 

I decided to walk, and a 
mile or so through the single 
street of shops and along a 
country road brought me to 
foe Seigneurie, an imposing 
stone house set in gardens. 
There I met Mr Michael 
Beaumont, who succeeded his 
grandmother, Sybil Hatha- 
way, foe formidable Dame of 
Sark, on her death in 1974. 

He is a relaxed, friendly and 
thoughtful man who gave up a 
career as a structural engineer 
to settle in Sark and gives 
every impression of enjoying 

The island's affairs are run 
by a legislature known as 
Chief Fleas which meets a. 
minimum three times a year 
in a school. There are approxi- 
mately 550 inhabitants and a 
budget of £15O,0 OQl 

The Seigneur has an impor- 
tant, but not dominant, pan in - 

this. He summons Chief Pleas 
and appoints four officials: 
the seneschal, who acts as a 
magistrate in civil affairs and 
minor criminal ones; foe 
prevou or sheriff, the greffier, 
or clerk; and foe treasurer. 

He also has some privileges. 
When Helier de Can ere L, a 
Jerseyman, was authorized by 
Queen Elizabeth I to colonize 
Saric in ! 565, it was stipulated 
that the island should be 
divided into 40 tenements, 
and that each tenant, or 
possessor, should in time of 
need be prepared to rally' to 
foe Seigneur armed with a 

-- Those^ tenements still exist, 
and so does the requirement 
that a tenant should present 
himself armed with a musket. 
More to foe point, whenever 
one of foe tenements sold, 
the Seigneur receives one- 
ihineenfo of the proceeds; and 

Tenents must still 
present a musket 

be has the power to veto land 

Mr Beaumont considers 
that he could only exercise 
decisive influence by one day 
refusing to carry out duties, or 
rights, assigned to him. The 
island's business would seize 
up and the Lieutenant Gover- 
nor of Guernsey, in whose 
Bailiwick Sark is. could order 
.foe States of Guernsey to take 
over Sark's affairsJust the 
threat of it would be enough. 

But this is not something 
foal Mr Beaumont appears to 
envisage. Constitutional crises 
seem remote in an island in 
which foe Seigneur rides 
round on a bicycle, the magis- 
trate is employed in foe power 
station, and (he two honorary 
policemen, foe constable and 
foe vingtenier, are respective- 
Jy a boat builder and a 

Your seal of 

^Sterling 6 month 

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4 /Opassr 

Within the most favourable economic 
arid political environment of the Channel 
. Islands. Grindlays Bank in Jersey offers 
a iull range of Private Banking, Investment, 
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We are part of the Grindlays Bank Group which has 
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the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group. Our 

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US Dollars s month latest available oh request 

6%* 5a- FH £§£* 

vj /U pa s 20.000 VF Limited - 

fntottl paid at mafurily. An htferet Rate schaUe with dmBs of our range oTanioums. periods andoirrentiei bwafebJeohreautd. 
The ample rates quoted are correct at time of goug to press. • - . . 

Mr Blair Could ltfarrto 

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| Jersey Channel Islands.Telephone: Jersey (05341 74248 Address 

L Phase send me derails U orur der> «tt accounts m 

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To: Marketing Department- ■- 

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Please send me farther details about the following setvioes- 

I I Please ikk m appropriate 




June 19, 1986 

W hether it was build- 
ing a marketing 
model or evaluating 
different invest- 
ment proposals, 
many people with a formal train- 
ing in management will find that 
their work has included some 
aspect of quantitative analysis. 

This may have been in the form 
of an introductory course in 
statistics or operational research, 
or perhaps a more specialized and 
advanced course in forecasting or 
decision-making. Perhaps quanti- 
tative analysis will have made a 
significant contribution to a par- 
ticular functional area of manage- 
ment — for example, statistical 
quality control in production. 

effectively as possible. They are 
highly skilled individuals, and 
those with significant quantitative 
skills are comparatively rare. 

In recent years there has, how- 
ever. been a lessening of confi- 
dence in quantitative analysis. 
Many companies have disbanded 
their “management science" de- 
partments. and integrated the 
personnel directly with the differ- 
ent functional areas of 

Also, doubts have been ex- 
pressed in public 3bout the role of 
quantitative analysis in Master of 
Business Administration pro- 
grammes. This extends to how 
much should be taught what 
should be taught and how it 
should be taught 

it is in any company's interest to 
ensure that MBAs are used as 

The lessening of confidence in 
statistics and operational research 
is almost certainly not due to any 
inherent inability in MBAs as 
individuals, and only partly due to 
how or what they were taught It is 
to a large extent due to the way in 
which the quantitative function is 
managed within companies. 

Certainly no amount of tinker- 
ing with how or what is taught is in 
the short term going to affect the 
typical senior management view 
of quantitative analysis. 

There is much anecdotal evi- 
dence concerning the limited ex- 
tent to which newly employed 
MBAs are encouraged (by their 
perhaps not-so-numerate superi- 
ors) to make use of recently taught 
analytical skills, and also the 
limited extent to which they 
themselves can see the use for the 
analytical skills they were taught. 

The time has 
come for a 
reassessment of 
certain business 

practices, says 
Dr Simon Conrad 

sonably be expected to be 

Production is production, and 
marketing is marketing, some- 
thing that has to be done. Quanti- 
tative analysis may be seen as a 
luxury, but it is really about 
analysing the company's opera- 
tions and improving efficiency 
and profitability. It is, therefore, 
something about which directors 
and senior managers might rea- 

However, it is well known that 
many managers have a negative 
attitude towards quantitative 
analysis of any kind, and this of 
course has a naturally depressing 
effect on its use in any organiza- 
tion, They prefer the “hunch" or 
“seal-of-the- pants” approach, and 
are by nature wary ofquantitative 
analysis. .Analytical solutions are 
seen as either obvious or alterna- 
tively unimplementable. 

Of course, some companies can 
make more use of quantitative 
analysis than others. But more 
significantly, different forms of 
quantitative analysis are more 
relevant to some companies than 

How should a particular compa- 

ny allocate its resource skills in 
quantitative analysis? Projects 
such as constructing a marketing 
model to simulate the .effect of 
price changes on market share, or 
evaluating different inventory pol- 
icies, require not only a significant 
investment in analytical work, but 
also in meeting the hidden cost of 
implementing any changes. 

How does an organization sen- 
sibly decide between spending 
time constructing a marketing 
model or evaluating inventory 
policies? What evidence is there 
that the success rate buflding a 
marketing model is higher or 
lower than with an inventory 
model? What information is avail- 
able about the financial benefits 
that can be expected from each of 
these projects? 

Answers to questions such as 

these would allow senior manage- 
ment to judge the worth of 
particular projects or types of 
quantitative analysis within the 
context of their own. company's 
operations. And the fact these 
answers were available would lead 
to a more positive attitude by 
senior management. 

The question of what compa- 
nies need is at two levels, knowing 
what companies in general need, 
and knowing what is best for 
individual companies. 

• If it was known whal companies 
in general needed, then business 
schools and those involved in 
management training would be 
better able to meet these needs. 
The problem is, of course, that it is 
easier to uncover perceived need, 
in other words what companies 
want, than their real or actual 
need. There have been many 
investigations into what individ- 
uals within companies do, but few 
if any into what companies actual- 
ly need. 

The Institute of Statisticians is 
presently conducting a national 
study of company needs in quanti- 
tative analysis, and the way in 
which, the gap between the teach- 
ing of quantitative analysis and its 
practice in business and industry 
can most effectively be narrowed. 

Of course, different companies 
have different needs in quantita- 
tive terms. A small manufacturing 
company will have different needs 

from a large service-orientated 

" Wbai is required is a system by 
which individual companies can 
decide what their own needs are, 
and then compare these needs 
with their present resources. This 
amounts lo an audit of the 
analytical function of a company, 
but to be effective requires a value 
judgment about different types of 
quantitative analysis. 

mnagernent be overlooked. The 
management cons ulta nts, 
lobucon Human Resources, for 
example, are among those leading 
ihe wav towards developing ap- 
propriate analytical techniques in 

these areas, together with the 
necessarv PC software. The pur- 
pose is to enable these techniques 
to be used throughout the whole 
line-management structure from 
the boardroom down. 


N ational studies and for- 
mal auditing systems 
are for the future. 
What can companies 
do in the short term to 
make use most effectively of the 
skilled manpower they, have to 
hand? First, directors and senior 
manageis should try to adopt a 
positive frame of mind - remem- 
ber quantitative analysis can in- 
crease efficiency and profitability- 

second, quantitative analysis 
will increase efficiency and profit- 
ability if managed well Senior 
management might start by re- 
viewing the analytical projects 
currently under way, and by 
considering why those projects 
and not others have been under- 
taken. They should perform cost- 
benefit analyses on individual 

Nor should the quantitative 
aspects of human resources 

Reviews and cost-benefit 
analyses will bring inevitable pro- 
tests from statisticians and opera- 
tional researchers, but 1 believe 
appraisals of this kind are in their 
own interest More formal and 
rigorous appraisals of their work 
might well remove some of the 
scepticism of senior management 
and would at the end of the day 
benefit the companies, the statisti- 
cians and operational researches 
themselves, and revitalize quanti- 
tative analysis as a management 

■ In the long term, with the results 

from a national study to hand, and 
a more formal procedure for 
evaluating quantitative analysis 
within individual companies, the 
situation would continue to 

Dr Simon Conrad holds a lectur- 
ing appointment al the University 
of Manchester and is an associate 
of Inbucon Human Resources 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

They’re rebuilding 


Consultancy - 

the route to 
Top Management 

Manufacturing Information Distribution/ 

; Technology Logistics 

MRP/MRPII, OPT, Ccrnims, OA, 
JIT.GIM, GADCAM,- mainframe/ mini/ 

FMS, robotics 

Strategy, computer- 
controlled systems. 

micro, manufacturing, warehousing, stock 
control, bi-tech 

materials handling, 

We have been briefed by a range of highly 
prestigious management consultancy clients to 
help them search for the best young talent in the 

They can equip fast track' men and women for 
tomorrow^ top management positions by 
broadening and deepening technical and 
interpersonal skills through awide variety of 

The significance of management consultancy is 
reflected in frequent advertisements for 
consultants in the national media, but which ones 
should you consider? Our experience can help 
you choose. 

We would like to meet high calibre, numerate 
graduates in their late 20s or early 30s who have 
planned and/or implemented radical changes in 
strategies and computer-based systems in either 
line or support management roles. 

Your experience wfll bave been gained in 
recognisable blue chip companies who operate 
advanced systems and who are genuinely 
forward thinking about change. 

To discuss your next career step, please 

£ 17 - 35,000 

OmreHyskp Akm Brown 

0905612261 office - 062875956 
0905354509 borne 0753883288 

or send us your CVto the address below quoting 
your daytime telephone number. 

T his is an exciting time to be working in the City. 
A revolution is taking shape and the soeed of 

■ A revolution is taking shape and the speed of 
change increases daily as the City is ‘rebuilt’ for 
the new epoch. 

Computer systems are the key to success 
and naturally Admiral is involved there too. 
Working with some of the most important 
institutions in the City, we are designing and 
implementing on-line trading and settlement 
systems that will match the needs of the new 
financial markets. 

As one of the leading U.K. software houses. 
Admiral is involved in many other fields where 
the speed and integrity of computer systems are 
vital, such as energy, transportation, process 
control and defence. Systems involved include 
DEC, Tandem, IBM, ICL and Hewlett Packard. 

If you are interested in furthering your 
career in software, then you should be talking to 
us. Admiral has an impressive record of growth 
and offers individuals with ambition the chance 
to make an immediate impact. 

The people we are looking for will have a degree 

or equivalent qualification, experience of on-line 
systems and be capable of taking immediate 

Admiral offers generous benefits such as a 

non -contributory' pension scheme. — i 

life insurance and free . 'TL. \ 

Bu?r hipof 

If you can \ \ 

meet the challenge \ 

of working in a \coos«W a "^’ m ers 
young, disciplined \ & e «tS 

company, please \ £*70k + 

telephone or write to \ 

Terry Jones at: ' 

Admiral Computing Group Limited. 

15V ictoria Avenue, Camberley. 

Surrey GU 15 3JH. 

Telephone: (0276)682651761167. 

MKA Search International Limited 

MKA House 

King Street 


Berks SL6 IEF 

to Off STAN OS-21 

ue, Camberley. 




Applications are invited from registered dental person appointed but will not exceed £125 per % 
practitioners for appointment as part-time Chairman worked. There is no bar to applications from practi- 

of thp Hprital FshmatPC RnarH tinnATC uihn i( annninforl umiilrlnw4, k. ■ * i 

of the Dental Estimates Board. 

It is expected that the person appointed will be 
required to attend the Board for not less than 2 work- 
ing days pa- week, but the appointee will be expected 
to make their own assessment of the regular attend- 
ance needed and alter 6 months in post to agree a 
specific contradwal commitment with the Health 
Departments. ' 

Remuneration will be settled by negotiation 
depending on the individual circumstances of the 

tioners who, if appointed, would wish to retain part- 
time practice commitments. 

Further information can be obtained from 
Miss H. M. Mailed, tel: 01-703 6380 ext 3521. 

For an application form {to be returned by 
4 July 1986) write to Civil Service Commission, 
Alencon Link. Basingstoke, Hants RG21 UB, 
or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 (answering 
service operates outside office hours) TQex CSCOMM 
G/859399. Please quote ret S/6900. 

An equal opportunity employer 





Salary to circa £25,000 per annum plus benefits 


Our client, a well established and highly respected American Reinsurance Company are seeking to recruit a 
Deputy Underwriter for their new United Kingdom operation, based in London. 

The selected applicant should have bad extensive practical experience in ail areas of Facultative and Treaty 
business with company or Lloyd's syndicate in the capacity of Assistant or Deputy Underwriter. 

Astltis is considered 10 be an important appointment, the appointee should have sound work record, be well 
regarded in the London Market and have qualities appropriate to an Underwriting Room situation. 

A good salary package is envisaged for this excellent and challenging position. Age range approximately 27/35 

Applications are invited from suitably qualified Earth Scientists fora lectureship under the "New 
Blood " scheme. The successful candidate will be either a person who has Just completed a PhD and is 
judged to have outstanding potential or a postdoctoral scientist with a proven, record of achievement 
Research Interests in carbonate sedimento/ogy, diagenesis or sedimentary ore deposits are especially 

appropriate fields of study. 

Informal enquiries may be directed to Professor DU. Hawkes. Department of Geological Sciences, 

extension 4991. 

Please contact in the strictest confidence: Trevor Janies FECI, Chairman 

The appointment will be for a period of three years initially with the possibility of renewal or 
subsequent transfer to a continuing appointment. Initial salary will be within the range £8,020 to 
£15,700 per annum (presently under review). 


Lloyds Avenue House ' 6 Lloyds Avenue London EC5N 3ES 

Tel: 01-481 8111 



Application forms and further particulars 
may be obtained from: 
The Personnel Officer (Academic Staff), 
quoting Ref: 8635(2, Aston University , 

Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET 
7 fe/: 021-359 3611 ext 4563. 

Closing date for the receipt of 
applications is: 30th September, 1986 , 





e 19 



:s, * n*. 




-181 Hit, 


THORN EMI the largest consumer electrical company in the UK, is expandingits 
Central Research Laboratories to meet the demand for tomorrow’s products. We are 
seeking research engmeers towork in our new laboratory complex which houses one 
of the woricTsmost innovative research establishments and is staged in the high 
technologycentre of South EastEngland. ; 

Very attractive salaries and conditions of employment with excellent prospects for 
career development are offered to applicants who can make a significant contribution 
to research in the disciplines detailed below. Our purpose built complex provides 
excellent working conditions including superb research facilities, first class amenities 
for relaxation and an environment akin to the more progressive universities. 


Weafecunei^seekkigq<perigKadRese a nii£ngineerstojoinoursmzflteTn 
devetopingstat^^he^QyoggKfastiiflnenbfi3 f rtiaaytge.Ttose appointed^ 
beexpectedtocpntrfaxe tothedesijji,constnjclian aid testing of equipmentfor 
pirn further gcpqlmgte^rTXxgfcaBonstotheKs&iinKafe. 

An MSc or Low TentpcrahgePliyaia/Engheeitig or Magnetic M ea sure m ent is 

dearafafe\tewouklhowo«rbepreparedtD consider applicants with a Grctorsecord 
class honours degree in physics, appSed physics or engineering. 



Ourextensive graduate recnitmentprapamme is - . 
aimcna complete buriw stiH have a requirement fora 
number of1986 graduates in various fields including 
computer and systems sciences, materials research and 
device research. 


We have for rhany^are been in the forefront of Computer fotetpated Manufacturing 
TechnologpThekKreasfr^ demands oFTHORN EMI operating divisions for more 
alvancedandsopfetkated methods cfmanufecturmghare made it necessary for us to 
restructure and considerably increase this research fecffity. We are currenliy seeking a 
numberofweSl qualified engineers wifti a variety of industrial experience including CAD 
Integration wifri CAM, Engineering Databases, hterface Protocob (MM 3 ), Conpuler 
Jtystemsand Manufacturing Sysia^ Design. The new appointees wfll join the 
coasting well established team in die analytical evaluation of existing aid fidure 
manufacturing requirements for the Operating Groups-TheywiBalso be involved in 
Design Studies and implementation of newmanufacturing ^sterns end controls 
with particular emphasis on overall integration hto the CIM enviromenL Our 
requfrement s ra nge from recency quafifiedyaduates with some industrial exposure 
to PhD's with severalyears practical engineering experience. 

A PROJECT MANAGER to undertake a review of management aspects of QM, and 
to cany out analysis and general methods (tfn^ementi^soiutkHis to problems is 
ato required. The person appointed w3 probably have an enyneering degree, w3 
have undertaken business sttafies training and have at least two years project 
management experience. 


yy Central Research Laboratories 



Fct further detaSsand an application form 
please write to confidence tothe Personnel 
. Department THORNEML Central 
Research Laboratories, FREEPOST, 
Davriey Road, Hayes, Middx. (IB3 lHH,or 
telephone FREEPHONE Central 
Reseach - and adc for extension 6648 
quofing reference TD5686 l 


Ourwork in TV Signal Processing leatSng towards true High Definition TV Studies, 
improvedstandards are! perfonrWBice on TVDisplay ^sterns is well advanced. To 
accelerate thismomentum weare seeking a number of weO qualified electronics 
entfrieere who are abtetomafceasfflgha nl contrib u tion to our research prolamine. 
We void eepect applicants tohave at least fot? years appropriate experience. The 
research expertise to be enhanced indudes the investigation of new high definSon 
television systems, improved efisplaysystems, signal processing, and the study of video 
data reduction techniques. In adefitiontothe experience required successful appficants 
wllhave aBSc in a relevant tfisctpfine. 


1. To assistHi experiments involving Efecfroplalmg.V&cuijrn Evaporation. 
Sputtering, Photo-lithoyaphy and Etching. The person appointed will probably 
have an HNC/HND/degree, technical apprenticeship or relevant laboratory 

2_ To assist mexpeitnenb involving Sflicon Fabrication, Chemical Analysis and 
Sophisticated Semiconductor Equpment The person appointed will probably 
have an HNC/HND, O level chemistry or relevant laboratory experience. 

3. As an assistant fri our Manufacturing Tedmctogy Laboratory teks will indude 
procurement, building and wiring experimental assemblies and general^ assisting 
in this rapidly expanding fati&jt The person appointed will probably be educated 
to ONC level, and have undertaken a craft apprenticeship in the 
etectraforechanfcal field or haveappropriate laboratory experience. 


,? t ?*t V 

'I *ti i i ,V 



S.W. London: 
to£15K + car 



O.R. Analysts 

Could you plan for tomorrows news? 

Are you an Graduate tadtagyotv&atiob lacks _ Our current success means that we r»w need 

impact? Move to Metaprads, where you wfll find grattaates to train as Financial Consultants, to deal 

the work extremely stimulating, requlringf creafivfty “wffli al the aspects of the client retefionsh*. You 

and a very high lave! of persona! drive and must have 2-3 years of industrial experience, 

conun&nwnL We are a yotmg and last growing including interaction wBh Head Office on issues of 

management consultancy. We sp cciafi se in help- capital expen (Store and annual budgets; you mud 

tng fire directors of atulBnaSonal companies to have a first or upper second d egree, and y ou 

improve the presentation of financial mfen na fio n should be adept at the critical Interpretation of 

and the quaBy of corporate control We have management accounts, 

developed the next wave of advanced manage- „ L 

ment techniques for this task: RESOLVE, a After training you can exped to be promoted to 

computer-based financial control system, and THE Prelect Consultant wffli a car, where you wp 

INTEGRATED BOARDROOM, a design capabiity spearhead the implementation of our techniques in 

for Boardroom computerised infonnafion efisplay. large client organisations. 

Please telephone Kssfie Harrison to ask tor background infonnafion on Metapraxis, and if you tad this 
stimulating, wifle to our Managing Director, Robert BSlestone, enclosing comprehensive career delate and 
explafntog why your track record and personafity is of value to us. 

Metapraxis Lid., Hanover House, 

Coombe Road, Kingston upon Thames, KT2 7AH 
01-541 1696 

As one of the UK's leading retailers, we don't 
just distribute the news. We make it. 

Over recent years we've achieved considerable 
commercial growth. Our performance levels have 
outstripped targets, we’ve developed into many new 
markets and we've succeeded within a dynamic, 
ever-changing environment. 

But success has to be planned for. 

At W.H. Smith that responsibility rests with the 
Information Sendees Department, where several 
superb career opportunities currently exist for 
experienced, problem-solving graduates. 

The emphasis is upon financial appraisal: 
Budgeting and performance models, management 
accounting, project viability, systems development, 
business forecasting. 

We don't want people to just sit behind a desk 

We want practically minded men and women, 
able to go out and tackle problems in situ. Self- 
motivated individuals who can develop the user/ 
client contact role, who are able to appreciate various 
situations at ground level and who can identify needs 
and transfer them into action. 

To be considered, you need to be a graduate in 
a numerate discipline -economics, maths, statistics, 
management sciences etc - with several years broad 
commercial experience. 

You need to be commercially creative and keen 
to develop new ideas. 

And above all, you must have the foresight to 
take theoretical models and recognise how they 
would work in practice. 

Depending upon your experience the salary is 
in a range up to £12k. 

There is also an attractive benefits package, 
including a non-contributory pension, staff discount 
scheme and where appropriate, assistance with 
relocation to this pleasant and accessible part of 

Finally, as a career-minded individual, there 
are genuine prospects for personal development. 

To apply, please write for an application form or 
send a detailed CV to: Jim Burnett. W Ji. Smith & 
Son Ltd., Greenbridge Road. Swindon. Wiltshire 
SN3 3LD. Tel: Swindon (0793) 616161 ext 2325. 



£15,000 - £30,000 package 

IT World is a successful profes- 
sional team undertaking a variety of 
innovative assignments for public 
and private sector clients. Due to 
continued growth we are recruiting 
senior and junior consultants in the 
following specialist areas:- 

• IT and Communications 

• IT and Database/ 
Information Systems 

• IT and Manufacturing 
Control Systems ' 

(CIM - CAPM - JIT - . 

CAM - CAD). 

• IT and Small Business 

• rr and Training 

You should match the following 

• Late 20s - Late 30s 

• Proven experience (n at' . . 
least one of the areas out- 
lined above 

• Analytical as well as practi- 
cal approach to problem 

• . Degree and/or Professional 

Qualification in relevant 
discipline -.■•-* 

• Want to be part of a mufti- 
disciplinary team of high 

We offer a challenging environment 
the scope to develop your own 
ideas and we reward competence: 

Please send your CV to Dick 
Butier, FT World Ltd., Asphaite 
House, Palace Street LONDON 
SW1E5HS. •• „ 






This demanding position has recently been created within a major 
telecommunications company and requires a strong negotiator with 
excellent communication skills for their commercial department 
The successful applicant will be responsible for drawing up and 
submitting tenders, drafting and negotiating contracts and advising on 
commercial issues affecting the regional and national sales and 
mariceting activities. 

'. Ideally, you should have at least 2 years’ experience m heading 
major, negotiations within a large organisation. Knowledge of 
commercial law is essantiaL The ability to communicate effectively at 
all levels, working to tight deadlines is essential 

Career opportunities within this organisation are outstanding. fft.osns 



L. J. Associates 
Euston House. 

81-103 Euston Street, 
London NW ; 2£T . 
Telephone: 01-388 3111. 

mm TO... OR HAVE TO? 

Many of us are so involved with the jobs we’re doing and 
the responsibilities we have that we seldom stop to wonder 
whether we are makmgfull use of our potential. 

Wfe are working because we have to - we have 
mortgages to pay families to support, rates, gas, electricity 
and tnefct goes on. These are not so much excuses as 
facts of life. 

Another fact is that most of us have a nagging doubt 
that we could be doing better but we just daft know what 
to do about IL 

Chusid Lander has changed all that 


The Drake Organisation have been commissioned to recruit the follow- i 
Ing professional and experienced personnel These vacancies have j 
occurred due to the expanrSng activities of a number of major 
companies, mainly in the South of England. 

. * Residential Development Mangers j 

■ - ★ ■ Quantity Surveyors at ati levels 

★ Planning Biginwrs l 


★ Architectural Engineers 

★ Site Engineers [ 

★ Site Agents 

★ General Foremen • t 

- Send Mr defatted C.V. With dotaBed telephone up. ttn I 
• Peter Robbins, Drake Intemetional droop. 

• I Little TMta London wcur 7DX. ~ - 


We are a group of specialist career consultants whose 
sole function is to guide executives and professional 
people and help them achieve their individual objectives. - 
We guarantee thatwe will commit ourtime and effort 
until you are satisfied that your career objectives have 
been realised. 

For thirty years we have been striving for the besL 
Now it’s yourtum! 

Telephone us to arrange a confidential personal 
assessment without obligation, or write to 
The Administrator Ref A/Syi A/6/i 35/37 Fitzroy Street, 
London W1P 5AF— enclosing a brief career summary. 

LONDON 01-580 B771 MANCHESTER 061-2280089 

SSWimBHAM 021-6438102 NOTTINGHAM 0949373Z1 
BRISTOL 027222367 GLASGOW 041-3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 



35 New Broad Street, London EC2M 1NH 
Tel: □ T -588 3583 qpOI- 588 3576 
Telex No. 887374 Fax No.OI- 63B 9216 

A care er ap pointment with Field Management pros pects to 6-12 months and scope for farther advancement 

NEW business executive - 


CITY E20,000-£25,000 + CAR 


Fbrthfe ^pohtment, due to expansion, we seek corporate loans executives, aged 28-05, wllh riot less than five years experience in bank 
co t poraiBianting.TNs must induflaat least twoyaarslnasucc8ssM flea new business development role involving the i dentific a tion of 
potential prospects, craft analysis and assessment, term loan structuring and the closure of sound and profitable deals. A knowledge of the 
requirements ot the property or construction sectors is desirable and estabfished contact in IMs field will be an asseL Reporting to aRegional 
Manager but wMiataige measure of autonomy, the successful candidato wiB be responsftite for pioneering new growth and the total 
management of a client portfolio with increasing involvement in the ewerai control 0* the region. Essentid epaliites are an enalytica] mind,a 
posflive and imaginative approach, presentation and negotiating skife together wth the ablly to achieve targets with the mWmum of direction 
and supervtgign. Initial salary negotiable £20,000-£25fl00, car, mortgage faafty. contrtbuuxy pension, 6te assurance and assistance with 
rekxatkm.H necessary. Applications in strict confidence under reference fBE4426ftT to the Managing Director 


IBMKttSKam srtH-5683576. 7HEC >82374. FAX MfctH-25S 8501, 



Which direction for a 



r hc ' ta 

future £multi-million 


business career? 


£15,000 —£18,000 + Banking Benefits 


careers tw 




You’re young, 

ambitious, talented - looking 
for a special career that wiU 
challenge you tn think, and 
reward your best ideas with fast 
promotion. You also know that the 
decisions you make today can 
influence your future for years to 
come, so they have to be die right 
ones. That’s why you ought to study 
Marks & Spencer Management. 

Just look at the facts. Were a business fast 
approaching £4bn, exporting to 30 countries, with 269 of die 
bat run stores throughout the UK We’re investing no less than 
£L6 billion in a development programme spanning a mere 
four years. And, as we enter the most exciting phase of our 
history, we’re looking for more of Britain’s most capable ‘A’ 
level school leavers to take us into the future of a fast- 
expanding industry. That’s where you come in. 

You’re the land of person who wants oo go a long way 
in a short time. You’ve the ability to go to University or 
Polytechnic but you're impatient to progress and seek a viable 
practical alternative to degree studies - die kind of experience 
that carries as much weight as an academic qualification. You 
want responsibility. How about supervising a store section - 
turning over£l milli on -after about three months ofintenrive 
training, managing 15 staff with 150 years’ experience between 
them? You want promotion. How about becoming die 
manager of an entire store within seven or eight years, with a 
salary to match your responsibilities? And once you become 

EBC Amro Bank Limited .is the London-based international merchant 
banking armof Amsterdam -Rotterdam Bank N.V., providing a fall range 
of services, including International Capital Markets. Foreign Exchange, 
Investment Management and Corporate Finance. As pan of the Bank s 
planned, expansion .we seek a Data Services Supervisor and Analyst 
P rogramm er to jom onrCampoting D e partment. 


Your pmrre’tesptasibtlities wiD be to provide, maintain and co-ordinate 
distributed data services, eq uipme nt mid specialised systems withm the 

Ideally you wQL be aged 30-40^ be iagfcal arid methodical, enjoy solving 
technical and practical problems, as well as having the maturity to deal 
effectively widr snpp&ets and at all levels within the Bank, Some 
experience in the preparation of operating instructions and training of 
users is also desirable. Your background must have given you sound 
experi e nce of daia-seivices in a banking environment and preferably 
knowledge of the latest composer-based systems and equipment iodnding 
data communicarioas. and information services such as Renters. 


Here you will jom a small team where the work is varied, challenging and 
offers worthwhile scope for initiative and career enhancement. 

It is essential that yon have- at least four years experience of structured 
Cobol prog r amm ing, preferably under VAX/VMS, gained nothin a 
banking environment, ideally induding' Eurobonds, Accounts and 

Foreign Exchange. All aspects of systems and programming development 

should have been covered, indtiding user liaison and system 

Please send cv in confidence or telephone to:- 
■. Anne Clarkson Webb 
’ Personnel Officer 
' EBC Amro Bank Limited 
: . 10 Devonshire Square 
London EC2M4HS. 

Telephone: 01-621 0101 

one of our top store managers, responsible for up to 1000 staff 
and a £10Gm turnover, you could command a salary of 
between £3 5,000 and £45,000 pa. 

It isn’t easy, however. Pace, pressure and challenge 
are the order of the day, calling for astute detisron-makmg and 
innovative planning -not to mention a comprehensive range 
of vital man-management skills. Thai’s why our training is very 
thorough indeed. And promotion is based on merir whatever 
your educational background. 

After all, if we ask you to open a new store in 5 months 
time on a budget of £7m, we don’t want you to worry about the 
problems of training staff or making the best use of your 
floorspace. We want you to solve thenu And learning how will 
be considerably more than a highly rewarding challenge - it 
win be an education. 

Make your first move now. Contact Tony Garnett, 
Management Recruitment Department, 

Marks & Spencer pic, Michael House, 57 Baker Street, 

London W1A 1DN. RefiTL 



If you are a bright and ambitious young solidtoi; either recently 
qualified or just finis hing broadly based arride^ we have opportunities 
for you to develop your potential in commercial property work. 

One of the largest firms in the South West, Bond Pearce can provide 
you with the type of environment you need - either at our new and 
growing office in Exeter or in Plymouth, both among the most attractive 
locations in the country. 

Enthusiasm and hard work will be rewarded by a good salary and 
excellent prospects. 

Marks & Spencer 

If yoifd like to have an informal discussion on what Bond Pearce has 
to oflei; ring John Price on 0752 266633 or write to him at 1 The Crescent, 
Plymouth, PL1 3AE to arrange a n/v^r% TVO A 
meeting in London, Exeter or DUliU Jl E/\KL«lIi 

Plymouth. Solicitors 


Company Secretary 


M of Ext 

£12,000 - £14,000 

Central London 

cope wiU, this SI?* 9 F other innovarilf fourj- 


Attractive benefits 
Including mortgage subsidy 
Good prospects 

If you are a qualified accountant or chartered finalist keen to explore all foe 
options open to you for developing your career, you must not miss this 

— 1 >or th e h prov r-Wf - Jz " “sa 

^ emp| 0y career • 
miJ nicaie and 1 Sf* ofesi °'>als who 

The Prudential Group as one of the largest financial 
institutions in the country includes a large number of 
subsidiary companies, which, in addition to insurance 
business, specialise in a wide and expanding range of 
financial services and other activities. 

To be held on Thursday 24 July in our London office, this is an ideal 
opportunrtyforyouto explore opportunities: 

e *perie nced “iwicyistoeinp/oycare^ - 

municaie andnt%? fcssio ™ls who a^!£~ m,n<le * 
Professional anri!S Ua!e major aU^» aWe *° c°m- 
educaied to oi®S ^ 

ap t/tude force r'- y0u 

und "”*' d "s of P Z%-^^^ b T e ural 

iH return wc nft* 

A need has arisen to strengthen the professional team in the 
com pany secretary's department and we ere looki ng for 
someone in their mid to late twenties, preferably qualified, 
who can show us a background of relevant experience. 

There is good opportunity for career development within the 
Group. Initially the salary is negotiable depending on 
qualifications and experience and in addition a range of 
benefits are offered which include low interest mortgage, 
non-contributory pension scheme, flexible working hours 
and sports and recreational facilities. 

Please write enclosing full cv to: Eileen Brown. Personnel 
Officer, The Prudential Assurance Co. Ltd- 142 Holbom Bars, 
London EC1 N 2NH or telephone her for an appi ication form 
on 01-9360125. 

Within the profession for newly quaTifieds, as seniors in audit, tax or 
insolvency, in the UK, Europe or further afield. 

As a management consultant or manager for-those with two or more 

These postswill require you to demonstrate the maturity, experience and 
interpersonal skills required of senior professional advisers. 

ff pense 

Adam, ol 0 " 3 ' '-Kt, 


► With PW Clients, providing openings for qualified accountants wishing 
to develop their careersln all areas of indukry aid commerce. Amongst 
those attending the evening will be Barclays, Burton Group, Hill Samuel, 
Lloyds Bank, Reuters, Shell, Trusflrouse Forte and Unilever. 


*• t? ^ : 

I imaiDRAKE 

To find out more about this evening please telephone Mike Jennings on 
01-407 8989 or complete the coupon below. 


i In order to meet the needs of our many major clients in the field of 
~ front-end’ Engineering, we have a number of vacancies for suitably 
m qualified professional people mainly based in the Home Counties. 

Price Witerhoiise 

Process Plant Engineering 

Vessels Design - Finite Element Analysis 
(experience essential) 


Instrumentation Design 
Process D esi gn . 
Rotating Equipment 

Process ( 


Please send me an invitation forthe CareersGpen Evening on 24 July 1986 
andacopyofyourCareerDevelopmentbrochure. . 

To: Mike Jennings NAME_ — — : 


Information Systems Engineers Design /Development 
Engineers Physicists 

Send foBy data fled C.V. wfth daytime tetophoao no. to: 
Pettr Robfan, Drake International Group, 
a Little Turnstfle, London WClV 7DX. 

To: Mike Jennings, 

• Price Waterhouse, 
Southwark Towere,' 

32 London Bridge Street, 
London SE1 9SY 



_• ■ ■' \ ’’ ' : ’* r 

SDAYJUNE19 1986 





BONi > I’BKf 


Government ComTTtimicaMom Headquarters 

the state-of-the-art 

GCHQ is the UK centre far communications security and intelligence. In 
fiilffilingavitaj rote in national security it needs to develop and maintain an expertise in 

fhft fiftlrlp aP i» 1 ft niMfi ■■ ii «i - ■» > 0 _ • • • • a. > 

member of a team of highly skilled professionals you would be woddngia£elds which 
are technically and intellectually demanding— and unlike anything you have ever come 
across. : ■' ■ ' ‘ 

We are looking for graduates in communications engineering, electronics, 

riiT Tirif ' Ii f 1 ... «• * .1 

microwave ras ta ffat iotg to telegraphy and speech systems, from cryptographic research 
to the devdopmsii and exploitation ofvayfest, veiy powerful cnrapuler systems. 

You should have the capaqty to tackle compfcxanddiffiaiftproHenis,and to 
break new ground -with a combfastion of innovative fiar based osa solid inteOectaal 
fo andafion 

. Minimum qualifications are HNC/HND or equivalent although an honours 
d^ree is preferable. and there are more advanced opportunities for people with post- 
graduate qualifications or relevant experience. • 

- Starting pay package in the range £9075-£l7,840 depending on qnaEficatians 
ffld experience. Good promotion prospects. 

Most Of tbe posts are based in Cheltenham, on theedggoftheCotswoldHflisin 
Gtoucestershire and relocation expenses maybe payable. 

Universities over the nest few weds; come and meet us there. ■ 

Ifyoo canYgeitooneoftheFaire.yDucan obtain furdierdetmls and an 
application form {to be returned by 11 July 1986) from Charlie Kenkowski, Graduate 
Appointments Officer, GCH(^Cbeltenhaiit<aosGLS2 5AJ, or telephone Chetasiham 
(0242) 32912/32913. Please quote refrS/86/941/B. 

High profile role for creative all rounder capable of making a 
significant impact in a fast changing environment 



C.£1 6,000 

In the run up to and parfcutejjy after T big bang' the City is, and will be, one of 
the most challenging places to be. Hie Stock Exchange is at the heart of this 
rapid evolution. 

Reporting directly to the Personnel Manager you will be a key member of a 
highly active devolved personnel team. You will provide a direct service to 
senior Kne managers across a complete range of personnel activities 
including the recruitinent and development (^professional, managerial, 
arfrranistratiye and technical staff. 

A graduate,iEMquafifiedartoinyburlate twentie&youw!U have at feast 5 
yearn generalist pereonhel experience’in a derraning professibnaf 
environm^ where ^reonnel credability- has been a vital factor ki your 
success. . . .. i- ...... a . ...... 

You wiH be capable of making sound, reasoned judgements on complex 
personn8lissues and have the ab®ly to positively and constructively influence 
line managers in the promotion of good management practice. You should 
have an analytical mind, a high degree of self-motivation and enjoy working 
underpressure. . . • ± 

Salary is negotiable aid benefits include non-contrfoutory pension, BUPA • 
and free travel. 

. Please reply with a full CV to: Jennifer Gregson, PersonnelMahager, 

The Stock Exchange, Old Broad Street London EC2N 1 HP. ; ' 

Tel: 01-588 2355 ext 28123. ." 

Head of External Relations 

□ Are you articulate and quick on 

S >ur feet? □ Can you write well? - 
Are you familiar with industrial 
affairs, especially in the food - 
industry? □ Do you know how the 
media work? □ Can you work with 
top company executives? 

If you are in your thirties; 

If you want a challenge;* 

If you can make instant 

If you can argue persuasively; 

If you can live with heavy 
responsibilities ... . 

If you can do this in. JHH 
the face of all adversity- Ef 
then you're our . ■ B 

man/wo man. K A 

Food an 


• The Food and Drink Federation 
requires a Head of External 
Relations to take over from August 
when our present man leaves. The 
main responsibilities are acting as 
press' spokesman, managing the 
press office, and supervising major 
PR agency accounts. Central 
London. Good salary and 

Please write, enclosing a C.V. 
and giving details of your 
experience, to die Director-General, 
Food and Drink Federation, 

£ Catherine Street, - 
p|E^; London WC2B5JJ.. 

■ Mark the envelope 
nW ; ! ‘Confidential’. 


Move into the front line, of customer support 

If you know your NTF from your EGP, would enjoy developing a 
small group of data capture staff and are looking for customer 
. liaison, then contact the International Financing He view, the 
leading weekly magazine on global finance. 

You will firstly be managing a growing group of staff who capture 
a broad range of capital market data. Secondly you will deal with 
customers directly to understand their needs and support the 
• database systems we offer. 

For the right person with the capital markets experience, 
interpersonal and management skills, salary is fully 
negotiable around £20,000 ; 

Teh Michael Somerville or Janet Price on 
< 01)247 6575 
or send-CV to: : 

IFR Publishing Ltd/ 3rd Floor* 

92 Middlesex Street, El 7EZ. 

We couldn't 
offer you this 
job if it wasn't w 
for Isaac Newton 

As research extends the boundaries of scientific knowledge, 
it consolidates, refines and builds upon earlier work. Clearly without 
the genius and tenacity of people like Newton, the advances were 
making in technology today would be impossible. 

These advances, and the use of them, will be vital in shaping our 
world; consequently the responsibility of the research scientist or 
engineer has never been greater: that's why we attach a great deal of 
importance to the development of our scientific staff. 

Joining us as a graduate you will enjoy a training and personal 
development programme tailored to your particular needs, and you 
will be encouraged to gain further professional qualifications. Advanced 
projects, a supportive working environment and early responsibility 
combine to offera rewarding career; 

Starting out in research has always been a difficult proposition 
even for the Newtons of this world. In some ways it may be easier 
today but the challenges which you will face are as profound as any 
in history 

Our representatives will be visiting Careers Fairs up and down 
the country over the next few weeks. Come and see what we have to 
offer; you'll be surprised at the scope of the opportunities. Make a note 
of these dates - 19 June (Sheffield and Bristol). 24 June (Nottingham), 
25 June (Cardiff), 26 June (leesside Polytechnic). 27 June (Manchester), 
1 July (Glasgow), 2 July (Newcastle and London), 3 July (Aston). 

If you can't get to a Careers Fair call at your Careers Advisory 
Service or contact us direct - Civil Service Commission, Alencon Link, 
Basingstoke. Hants RG21 1JB, or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551, 
Telex 859399. Wfe would like to have your application by 4 July 1986. 
Please quote reft SY/25/D. 

The Civil Service is an equal opportunity employer 

' f'j 

A = „ .» \ 

iu-mmM a 


Club 8 



Five figure salary + car 

Chib 8 Furniture Industries is the UK subsidiary of a leading Danish 
furniture manufacturer. In our seventh year of operation in the UK we are 
now the largest Danish manufacturer supplying this market 

More recently, through an agreeme nt with several of oar leading departmental 
store stockists, we have commenced a program to establish in-store sales 

To further develop this program with the proper attention and management 
its potential demands, we require a National Sales Consultant Manag er to 
c omme nce as soon as possible. 

Major responsibilities of the position will be the employment, training, sales 
budget setting and performance foDow-up, of up to 30 in-store sales consul- 
tants located from Scotiami to southern England 

The position requires an active person with the energy and willingness to get 
involved, yet with tbe presentation and personality to negotiate successfully 
with Department store management 

You will be in your mid-twenties to mid -thirties, a self-starter and be highly 
motivated Knowledge of the furniture industry is not important, however 
personnel management tr aining and formal retail management training, with 
the ability to plan, are essentiaL 

This new and exciting position offers the op p ort u nity for a dynamic, forward 
thinking person to participate as part of tbe management group of this 
rapidly growing company. 

Based in Hemei Hempstead the position will involve considerable traveL An 
attractive salary is offered with a company car. 

Applications should be made to: 

Club 8 Furniture Industries (UK) Ltd 
Unit 10 The Saracen Estate, Mark Road 
Hemei Hempstead, Herts HP2 7BJ 

Furniture for all ages 


Business Orientated 



to assess 
Quality of Markets 
£14,000 -£16,000 

Tbe Stock Exchange, which is at the heart of the City's 
rapid evolution, is preparing for ‘big bang 1 in a number of 
ways. One of which is to develop our capacity to assess 
the quality of our markets. This involves highlighting 
areas of strong performance and identifying areas where 
there is an opportunity to improve our service to existing 
and potential investors. 

You are likely to be in your late 20’s/earfy 30's with a 
degree or equivalent in Economics, Statistics or similar. 
You will have had experience of analytical work/market 
research, writing reports and presenting your findings, 
be at ease using statistical theory and ideally have 
worked in the financial or dosefy related sectors. Above 
all you must have initiative, enthusiasm and be able to 
present a case with confidence and maturity to Stock 
Exchange committees and outside organisations. 

This is a genuine career opportunity as a member of a 
small team with excellent fringe benefits including 
non-contributory pension, free travel and BUPA 
Please reply with full CV to: Jennifer Gregson, Personnel 
Manager, The Stock Exchange, Old Broad Street, 
London EC2N 1 HP. 


Because the b a business that revolves 
around you end your takatS-JWt your agfeKX. 
social standing or Job experience. It requires your 
common senscyourcharmand all your naked 
arabiboru The business is ialfed YOU and the 
business you aw in is called direct selling. 

thmtrymifngrt anywhere in this life without 
needing to seflyouiseWeSKSively 

Stall with us7 Good, then you rccopuse 
that given the rfchlbwnina good products and 
services. supported bya professional corporate 
framework, you could be considerably neher by 
(his time next year purely on your own ability 
There'S no other job where the talent— 
earnings equation works put solely in your favouc 
There's no other waytbamnga legacy or pools 
win) of everbreaking tree from fire predttab 3ay 
of your p r e s en t lifestyle. But could you copet 


and no catch. 

Could you ridea bike or ski the firaf tone? 

Of course you need tniningThat's why 
our dienls ha ve all spent years perfecting their 
sales baming courses. It's* valuable asset which 
will ensure you a future and it's a sound in vestment 

names in Britain. They form a boom sector in the 

economy and have been identified as the most Kkriy 
sources of entrepreneurial talent this country has. 

Easeatially <iur clients are aw cKto dub of 
high performing individuals operating under a 
corporate umbrella. 

They had the courage to say 'No* to a 
regular but mediocre salary. Ifo an Indication of 
their self confidence that they were prepared to 




invest in themselves for high returns rafter than 
settle fora life sentence as a hired hand. 

That self confidence is there in most of us. 
waiting to bedev doped. tuned up and given free 
ran. Wait do longer. Call us today or tomorrow 
between 9 am. and 9 pm. Just ask the operator for 
Freefone. Mrxon Associates. Reading or complete 
the coupon and we wiD send you an information 
pack by return. No stamp necessary, Just address 
£ Anthony Moxonjc Associates Lto. Freepost, 
Rea dmg RCl IBR. We won't waste any time 
because, as from today, your time means money. 


Home Telephone No 
Current Area of War 

X .s.v-. 

uu; inuf^)L/Ai jurms iy lyoo 




Sale room 

Golden age Danish oil for gallery 



June IS: The Queen, with the 
Duke or Edinburgh, honoured 
Ascoi Races with her presence 


Her Majesty and His Royal 
Highness give a dinner party at 
Windsor Castle this evening 
followed b> a Reception. 

The Princess Anne. Mis Mark 
Phillips. Chief Commandant 
Women's Roval Naval Service, 
visited H.M5. Dryad (Captain 
A. Norman. RN» at Soudiwick. 
Hampshire today. 

Her Roval Highness, attended 
by Mrs Richard Carew Pole, 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Fight. 

Bv Command of The Queen, 
the Lord Somerleyion (Lord in 
Wailing) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
afternoon upon the departure of 
the Governor-General of Bar- 
bados and bade farewell to His 
Excellency upon behalf of Her 
Majesty. ’ 

of the Canterbury Quadrangle 
on June 24. 

The Duke of Gloucester will 

open the conference hall at 
Roihamstcd Experimental Sta- 
tion. Harpcnden. on June 25. 
The Duchess of Gloucester will 
visit Christchurch to attend the 
centennial festival on June 25 
and later will open the Dorset 
Craft Guild Centre at Walfard 
Mill. Wimbome. 

The National Gallery has Jack Baer of Hazlitt, Gooden 
moved into a new collecting and Fox, a firm that special- 

By Geraldine Nonnan£ale Room Correspondent 
Jack Baer of Hazlitt, Gooden straw hat, inspired by 

A memorial meeting for Lord 
Shinwell. CH. will be held in the 
Grand Committee Room of the 
House of Lords at noon today. 
A plaque will be dedicated to the 
memory of Major-General Sir 
John Marriott in the Scots 
Guards Cloister, the Guards 
Chapel. Wellington Barracks, at 
noon on Wednesday. July 9. 

field. On Tuesday night it 
spent £286,000 at Sotheby's 
on “The Northern Drawbridge 
to the Citadel in 
Copenhagen", by the Danish 
artist Christen Kobke. 

Kobke is the undisputed 
master of the early nineteenth- 
century golden age of Danish 
painting. Most of his paintings 
depict views in and around 
Copenhagen with a quiet, lu- 
minous realism. 

None of his distinguished 
German and Austrian contem- 
poraries are yet at the gallery 
but tbe acquisition indicates 
that the northern school will 
come to be counted among the 
“old masters" of the period. 

The painting was bid for by 

izes in early nineteenth-centu- 
ry paintings. Sotheby's bad 
estimated the picture at 
£70,000 to £100,000. 

It depicts the handsome red 
drawbridge of the Citadel with 
a passerby leaning on its rails 
and other figures on the banks 
of the water. It dates from 
1837. There are two stndies for 
the picture in Danish 

Rubens's painting of his wife 
In the National Gallery, “Le 
chapeau de paille", sold for 
£308,000 (estimate £100,000- 
£150,000). A head and shoul- 
ders of a Byron ic young man 
with an open shirt by Theo- 
dore Gericanlt made £275,000 
(estimate £150,000 to 
£ 200 , 000 ). 

The sale of nineteenth-cen- 
tury European paintings, 
drawings and sculpture includ- 
ed an unusual number of first- 
class works which were bid 
well beyond expectations. 

A half-length portrait by 
Tissot of a lady in a gorgeous 

A sleeping lady In elegant 
white draperies by Albert 
Joseph Moore entitled 
“Musk" set a new auction 
price record for the artist at 
£154,000 (estimate £80,000 to 
£ 120 . 000 ). 

Tbe evening sale totalled 
£3.2 million with 24 per cent 
left unsold. The sale of second- 
division nineteenth century 

pa in tings yesterday morning 
made £762.190 with 35 per; 
cent unsold- The two sales i 
underline the current highly 
selective market; top-quality 
works are strongly competed 
for but middle quality can be 
hard to sell. 

Phillips' sale on Tuesday of 
modern British paintings had 
a well timed depiction of Ascot 
week. Dame Laura Knight’s 
“Showers at Ascot" made 
£44,000 (estimate £J 0,000 to 
£15.000). A new auction price 
record for a landscape by 
Lamorna Birch was achieved 
at £35,200 (estimate £10,000 
to £15,000) and for a 
watercoloor by Elizabeth 
Adela Stanhope Forbes at 
£13.200 (estimate £8,000 to 
£ 12 , 000 ). 


Contribution to American 
war effort 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother. Colonel-in-Chicf of 
The Light Infantry, will visit the 
depot at Shrewsbury on June 28. 
The Duke of Gloucester will 
visit St John's College. Oxford, 
to attend the 350ih anniversary 
celebrations of the completion 

Birthdays today 

Sir Donald Albery. 72; the Duke 
of Atholl. 55; Sir Robin Brook. 
78; Sir George BulL 80; Miss 
Ena Evans. 48: Professor H.G. 
Hanbury. QC. S8: Mr Bryan 
Kncale. 56; Sir Edward Lam- 
bert. 85; the Eari of Minto. 58: 
Rear-Admiral Sir Morgan Mor- 
gan-Giles. 72; Brigadier EJ. 
Nolan. VVRAC. 66; Lord Justice 
Purchas. 67: Mr AJ. SheppertL 
61; Mr David Somerset, 56; 
Surgeon Vice-Admiral Sir 
Derek Sleele-Perkins, 78; Sir 
Edward Youde. 62. 


Mr S-A. Atkinson 

and Miss A-E. Withey 

The marriage took place on 

Mr A.R. Leith 
and Dr C.P. Brack 
The marriage took place on June 
9 at the Roman Catholic Church 
of St James the Great. London, 

Saturday, June 14. in Bristol, of- of Mr A lister Leith, son of the 

Mr Simon Andrew Atkinson, 
son of Mrand Mrs R. Atkinson, 
and Miss Ann Elizabeth Withey. 
daughter of Mr and Mrs R.A. 



Mr J.P.S. Bretherton 
and Miss R-S. Perkins 
The engagement is announced 
between James, son of Mr and 
Mrs Jerome Bretherton. of 
King's Walden. Hertfordshire, 
and Sophy, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs John Perkins, of Great 
Ofilev. Hertfordshire. 

Mr C.D.N. da Costa 
and Miss C.EJL. Dickinson 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, only son 
of Mr Robert N. da Costa, of 
Rudgw-ick. West Sussex, and 
Mrs Ann Taylor, of Little 
Pcover. Cheshire, and Claire, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Rich- 
ard Dickinson, of Shiiiingford, 

Mr R.H. Hine 
and Dr H.E. Sharrard 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mr and 
Mrs Ivon Hine. of Falmouth. 
Cornwall, and Helen, daughter 
of Dr and Mrs Gordon 
Sharrard, of Stockport. 

Mr D.A. Houston 
and Miss C. Gilchrist 
The engagement is announced 
between David Alexander, only- 
son of the late Mr Alexander 
James Houston and Mrs Lena 
Houston, of Newton Meams. 
Glasgow, and Ceri. second 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Alec 
Gilchrist, of Freshfield. 
Form by. Lancashire. 

Dr G.A. Howlett 
and Miss K.GW. Anderson 
The engagement is announced 
between Gareth, only son of Mr 

Dr N.W3. Clowes 
and Miss J.C. Rich 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, June 14. at Si Mary's 
Church. Wappenham, North- 
amptonshire, between Dr 

late Mrand Mrs P.T.V. Leith, of 
Oyne. Aberdeenshire, and Dr 
Catherine Brack, daughter of 
Professor and Mrs HA Brack, 
of Craigower. Penicuik. Midlo- 
thian. Father G. O’Brien 

Mr PJ. McCarthy 
and Miss C.V. Grant-Rennick 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. June 14. in London, 
between Mr Peter John Mc- 

Nicholas Clowes, second son of Carthy and Miss Gair Gram- 
Mr William Gowes and the late Rennick. 

Mrs Gowes. and Miss Janet 
Rich, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs George Rich. 

Mr A.H JL Ftint-ShipmaB 
and Miss K. Somerville 
The marriage took place on 
Friday. June 13. in the Grosve- 
nor Chapel. South Audley 
StrceL Wl. of Mr Andrew Flint- 
Shipman. eldest son of Major 
and Mrs Gerald Flim-Shipman. 
of 48 Seymour Walk. S W 1 0. and 
Miss Kate Somerville, only 
daughter of Dr and Mrs Waller 
Somerville, of 30 York House. 
Upper Montagu Street Wl. The 
Rev Dr A.W. Marks officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Candia 
Lutyens. Signe Johannessan. 
and Sophia and Joseph von 

Mr G.M. Gadnev 

and Miss A.M. Ramsden- 


The engagement is announced 
between George Gadncy. of 23 
Hendham Road. London, 
SW17. and Alexandra Mary 
Ramsden-Rnowles. of 2 Castle 
Street. Deddington. 


and Mrs Brian Hewlett, of Malizahn. Mr Roland Cowan 

Luppitt, Devonshire, and Ka- 
ren. only daughter of Mr and 

was best man. A guard of 
honour was found by members 

Mrs Michael Anderson, of 0 f ,he Light Cavalry. Honour- 

Mr I. Gladstone 
and Miss G-S. Emsden 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. fourth son of 
Squadron Leader J. Gladstone, 
AFC. RAF. retd, and Mrs 
Gladstone, of Penryn. Cornwall, 
and Gillian Sarah, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs K.E.C. 
Emsden. of Gleanings. Rabley 
Heath. Welwyn. Hertfordshire, 
and KuwaiL 

Mr LA. Gray 
and Miss R.E. Benjamin 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. only son of Mr and 
Mrs Francis Gray, of Colerne. 
Wiltshire, and Rcica, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Louis 
Benjamin, of London. \V|. 

Waterloo. Perthshire. 

Mr M. Leichsenring 
and Miss L. Burgess 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Leichsenring. 
Royal Regiment of Australian 
Artillery, and Leanne Burgess, 
of Adelaide. South Australia. 
Mr EJ. Mann 
and Miss D.CLde C Hunter 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward, son of Mrand 
Mrs George Mann, of West 
Wood hay, Berkshire, and Clare, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A.Ade 
C. Hunter, of Upper Basildon, 

Mr D.M. Wheeler 
and Miss V .I_D. Swift 
The engagement is announced 
between David MichaeL youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs Michael 
Wheeler, of Warlingham, Sur- 
rey. and Vanessa Louise Dry- 
den. elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Godwin Swift, ofHomdon- 
on-thc-Hill. Essex. 

able Artillery- Company. 

A reception was held at 
Ciaridgf's hotel and the honey- 
moon is being spent abroad. 

Mf MJA Harris 
and Miss ELM. Priest 
The marriage look place on June 
1 8, at St Leonard's. Ribbesford, 
of Mr Michael John Aidan 
Harris, son of the Rev and 

Mr D.C. Slogdale 
and Miss J.R. Garforth 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday, June 14. at Holy- 
Trinity Church. Cuckiieid. of 
Mr David Siogdaie. son of Mr 
and Mrs Vivian Stogdale. of . 
Shotover. Oxford, and Miss 1 
Julia Garforth. daughter of Ma- 
jor and Mrs William Garforth. 
of Bridford. Devon. The Rev 
Eric Hayden officiated, assisted 
by the Rev Martyn Hughes. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Anne 
Christopherson. Catherine 
Redpath. and Olivia Hills. Mr 
Peter Brotherstone was best 

A reception was held at 
Orchard End, and the honey- 
moon is being spent abroad. 

Mr S.L. White ley 
and Miss J. Philp 
The marriage took place 9 n 
Saturday, June 14, at Christ 
Church, Virginia Water, of Mr 
Stewart Lindsay Whiieley. son 
of Mr and Mrs J.R. Whiieley. of 
Virginia Water. Surrey, and 
Miss Janet Philp, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs P.H. Philp. of St 
Brelade's Bay. Jersey. The Rev 
John A. Kidd officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 


Latest appointments include: 
Air Marshal Sir Joseph Gilbert 
to be Deputy Commander-in- 
chief Allied Forces Central 
Europe from September, in the 
rank of air chief marshal, in 
succession to Air Chief Marshal 
Sir Michael Beavis. 

Mr Brian Fothergfll to be 
chairman of the council of the 
Royal Society of Literature. 
Rear Admiral D.M. Eckersley- 
Maslin. upon retirement from 
the Royal Navy, to be Director 
General Nato Command and 
Information Systems Agency at 
Nato headquarters. Brussels. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Ste- 
vens, aged 46. with the ceremo- 
nial branch of the Ministry of 
Defence, to be Crown Equerry 
from February 5 in succession to 
Lieutenatn -Colonel Sir John 

Dr William Cledwyn Teilo 
Thomas to be Deputy Lieuten- 
ant of Dyfed. 

Mr Martin Somervell Argles to 
be Acting Secretary and Keeper 
of the Records of the Duchy of 
Cornwall and Clerk to the 


Memorial service 

Sir Harold Wilkinson 
A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Harold Wilkinson was 
held yesterday at Holy Trinity. 
Brompton. The Rev Sandy 
Millar officiated, assisted by the 
Rev Nicholas Lee. Mr Tim 
Wilkinson, son. read the lesson 
and Sir David Barran gave an 
address. Among those present 

Conservative Piuty West Africa 

Mr Ian Grist. MP, Chairman of 
the Conservative Party West 
Africa Committee, presided at a 
luncheon given at the House of 
Commons yesterday in honour 
of the Nigerian High 

Service reception 


The Queen’s official birthday 
was celebrated by a reception, 
parade and fix-past at Head- 
quarters Allied Forces Central 
Europe. Brunssum. The Nether- 
lands. yesterday. The Governor 
of Limburg, the Commander-in- 
Chief and Deputy Commander- 
in -Chief, AFCENT. and 
members of the British commu- 
nity were present. 


Coningsby Gab 
Lord Young of Graffham was 
entertained at dinner last night 
by the Coningsby Gub. Mr 
Jonathan Baker presided. 

Faculty of Anaesthetists 
Dr Aiken K. Adams, dean of the 
Faculty of Anaesthetists, pre- 
sided at a dinner held after the 
annual ceremony of presenta- 
tion of diplomas last night The 
guests included: 

Sir Geoffrey and Lady Organ*. Sir 
Geoffrey and Lady Slaney. Sir 
Gordon and Lady Robson. Professor , 

Kate Smith, the hefty Amer- 
ican singer whose rousing 

rendition of the Irving Berlin 
number. “God Bless 
America" made her an endur- 
ing symbol of US patriotism, 
died on June 17. in Raleigh. 
North Carolina- She was 79. 

Born in Greenville, Virgin- 
ia, on May 1, 1907, Miss 
Smith, was brought up m 
Washington where she began 
singing at church suppers as a 

She had set her sights on a 
career in vaudeviile but her 
taiher, dubious or the popular 
stage, wanted her to be a 
nurse. She was however signed 
for a Broadway show called 
Honeymoon Lane, but gave it 
up because colieagues" ridicule 
of her considerable weight 
made her miserable. 

She nevertheless persevered 
with her booming, unschooled 
voice, and gained a consider- 
able reputation in the 1930s 
with a CBS radio show which 
earned her the nickname 
“Songbird of the South”. 

During the 1930s and 

i Wk 

Her lusty rendition of u 
became a second national 
anthem during the war years 
and she found herself a US 
forces sweetheart, travelling 
nearly 100.000 miles to enter- 
tain American troops. . . / f 
She also raised more than - ‘ 
$600 million in World War 
Two bonds and acquired a 
second nickname - “Radio’s 
own Statue of Liben>". 

When President Roosevelt 

1940s, she had many popular presented her to King George 
hits, with such songs as “The vi on the occasion of the 

Music Goes Round and 
Round", “White Cliffs of 
Dover" and “When the Moon 
Comes Over the Mountain”. 

However her greatest fame 
was reserved for her version of 
“God Bless America" - which 
Irving Berlin confessed he 
thought was too saccharine, 
when she went to him in 
search of a patriotic song in 

Roval visit to the United 
States in 1939 he simply said; 
“This is Kate Smith - This is 

In 1982 she was awarded 
Lhe Medal of Freedom - the 
USA's highest civilian honour 
- by President Reagan at a 
special ceremony in Raleigh. . 

In recent years she had 
suffered severely from the 
effects of diabetes. 


H Ellis. Professor D Campbell. Prof a 
sor and Mrs J P Payne. Dr and Mre j 

E H Efiderby. Dr Barbara Weaver. Dr 
and Mr* A Kiloainck. Dr and Mrs W 
K Slack. and Dr and Mrs C M 
God bole 

The Eari Of Lmmwi 

The Earl of Lauderdale was host at a 
dinner 41 Lockets Restaurant. Wesl- 
minster. Iasi nhjhi. The gue-sl of 
honour was The Non Allck Buchanan- 
Smith. Minister of Slate for Energy. 
Others present were. 

Mr Richard Alexander. MP. Mr 
Alistair Burt. MP. Mr Lawrence 
Cunllffe. MP. Mr David Dixon (chair- 
man. Elf UK Wo. Miss AlU Douglas 
i Department of Energyj. Mr Duncan 
France > chief geologist. EH UK Pic). 
Mr Peter Hard mg iDenartmenl of 
Energyl. M Frederic board (head of 
European department. Sorieie 
Nanonale EU Aquitaine). Sir Ian 
Lloyd. MP. Mr Refer Pike. MP. M 
Arnaud Rousseau < managing director. 
Elf Aquitaine UK (HoMlngs) Lid). Mr 
Ken Trort (Department of Energy i. Sir 
Mtchaej Shaw. MP. and Lord Taylor 
(Of Hadfjeld. 

RAM and Mrs Harris, of attended by Mrs J.G. Sears and 
Grange-over-Sands. formerly of Miss Anita Philp. Mr Francis 

Knutsford, and Miss Elizabeth 
Mary Priest elder daughter of 

Whiieley was best man. 

A reception was held at the 

Mr and Mrs Colin S. Priest of RAC Country Gub. Woodcote 




Park, and the honeymoon is 
being spent abroad. 

Ultaine UK (Holdings) Ud>. I 
•on (Department of Energy!. ! 
Michael Shaw. MP. and Lord Tayl 
(Of Hatfield. 


Latest wills 

NW8 London, the song pub- 
lisher who helped the Beatles in 
1962 and played a formative 
role in the early career of Elion 

Mrs Susan Jacqueline Horton, 
of Little Drew. Wiltshire, the 
former Women's National Hunt 

champion, who was found dead John * ,eft £6 - 856 ' 839 neL 
in her car last April left estate Mr Stanley Reginald Sheppard, 
valued at £39.478 net. of N2I. London, left £1.061.309 

Mr Richard Leon James, of net 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memorials 

f4 a 6 ib + 15K VAT 

(minimum J lines) 

\nnwmccmcnis. auihcnitcaud K> lhe 
name jnd pcrmancni address of the 
sender, mav be sen: 10 : 

P0 BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

or telephoned lb* iclrphonc sut» 
vi bets onUi 10 . 01-481 3024 

4nnounccmcnis can he received by 
iclcphonc hci»cvn l.Oftam and 
S.Jfipm Monday )o Friday, on Satur- 
day hcK»cm 'UKUm and 13 noon. 
BI-MI 4000 My) For publicaunn (he 
lolknung day ptiunc h> I. , 10 pm. 

me on i nun and Social Raft; £G a tag 
• 15% VAT. 

Touri and Social Pap; announce- 
ments can noi he accepted hy 
telephone. Enquiries He 01-822 9853 
(after luJflanu. or send io- 

I. NMhg ta i Strati, Unrig* El. 

Tbe lire n more Ilian meaL and lhe body is 
more I ban raiment 

SI. Lu»r 1? 23 


ATTREE - On June 13th. 198* ai SI. 
Mary's Hospital. Manchester To 
Moira tnee Ennrs) and Michael, a 
daughter. Sarah Jane, a sister for 
Ste phen. 

ATTWELL - On June 8 ih lo Jane and 
John, a daughter. Jessica Rase, a sis- 
ter lo Bruno. Busier and William 
BOHR - On June lath at Humana Wel- 
lington Hospital lo Peter and Sandra 
i nee Sciuck t a daughter. Jennifer 
Lynn, a shier for James 
BOWSER -On June lZin. 1986 at Stir- 
ling Royal Infirmary lo Lynn (nee 
Davtsoni and Nlall. a daughter. ' 

in Los Angeles to Mia and John, a 
son. Present address: 1627 North 
Courtney. Hollywood 90046. 

COHN - On June i Sin in Nottingham to 
Julie <nce Foxi and Micnaei. a son. 
Thomas Frank. 

COOPER On i Sin June ai University 
College Hospital, to JaneinCe Varteyi 
and Anthony, i son. Edward James, 
a brother for Anna and Matthew. 
CRC5SWELL On June I 6 lh ai the 
Portland Hospital. Wl. to Caroline 
and Peter, a son. Harry Peter wil- 
liam. brother to Camilla. 

EVANS - On June 17th at the Undo 
Wing. SL Mary's Hospital. lo Angela 
and Clyn. a daughter, a sister for 

FOY - On Thursday. June 12 Ui. 1986. 
at Queen Charlotte's Hospital, lo Ju- 
dith and Peter, a daughter. Anna, a 
sister for Matthew and Edward. 
CLAMtS ■ On Wednesday. 18U> June 
1986IO babel. wife of Lord Claims, a 

GRIGGS - On June 17 th lo Anita mee 
Nunes) and Roy. a daughter. 
Cordelia, a sister for Fla via and 

HARRBON-TOPHAM On 12 th June. 

to Charlotte and Roger, a daughter. 
HAYWARD - On June 16lh at The 
S.M.M.P. Edinburgh, to Fiona rnee 
Blackburn) and Jonathan, a son 
ipory James i a brother for Laura. 
HOOLEY On 14 th June to Jonathan 
and Luma in£e Loscin a daughter. 
Emtna Louise. 

HOUGH ■ On 11th June to Judy and 
David, a daughter. Joanna Sarah, a 
sttter for Richard. 

DIESON -On 14 th June to Cynthia and 
David, a son. Nicholas James, a 
brother for Jonathan. 

June 6 lh lo Nicolas and Lesley inn 
Winslow i. a daughter. Lucy Anne. 

NEWMAN - On June 1 5th. at Hammer- 
smith Hospital, lo Lavinia and Robin, 
a daughter. Luanda Anlaby Joan. 

In Brussels lo Ann! and Graham, a 
son. Rene/Max/ Axel /Dexter. 

PALMER - On May 26th to Patrick and 
Louise, a daughter. Claire Louise. 

RE1P • On June I7lh at lhe Westmin- 
ster Hospital, to Mayassa (nee Khanj 
and Paul, a son. Alexander William. 

RfJGMAH ■ (hi June I Tin at Mount 
Alvertua Hospital. Cuilaford to 
Trisha tnee Stracnam and Nigel, a 
daughter. Jessica Louise, a sister for 
Adrian. KJrsty and Angela. 

5TANSFELD To Caiharuie inee Har 
veyi and Nicholas on June JMh. 
1986. a daughter. Elizabeth Ann. a 
sister for Chroiopher John. 

THOMPSON . On June lOUi lo Lucy 
inee Wagner ■ and Jeremy, a 
daughter. Victoria Florence. 

THORN ■ On June iSUi at Cheltenham 
to Hilary mee Buck ley ■ and Jeremy, 
a daughter. Henrietta Georgina 

WALLER ■ On June 16th at Royal 
Nairobi Hospital to Sheila tnee Small i 
and Jeremy, a son 

WARD - On June 13th in Cambridge lo 
Elizabeth inee McKitterlcki and 
Michael, a son. Christopher John. 

WATT ■ On June the 13th. to Jane mee 
Hoosi and Robin, a son. Robin 
Gordon Marten. 

WHEELER ■ On June 16 th at Princess 
Mary's R.A.F. Hospital. Haiton lo 
Anne mee Sowmanj and Richard, a 
son. William Arthur Henry. 


ASHLEY COOPER - On June 16th. 
John, aged 70. suddenly but peace- 
fully in Norway. Dearly loved 
husband of Julian, and much loved 
father. Funeral private. Memorial 
Service at a later dale. 

BALBERfHE - On June 17Ui In hospi- 
tal. Richard Balbernlc. M C. M A., 
much loved husband and father and 
missed by all. Private family 

BENSON - On June 1 7th. 1986. 
Vivienne, adored sister of Douglas. 
Funeral private. No letters or flowers 

BERRY ■ On 1 5th June. John Kenneth 
of 27 Slonelelgh Road. Coventry. 
Beloved husband of Betty. Requiem 
Eiichansl and burial al St. Mary the 
virgin. Sloneleigh. Warwickshire on 
Tuesday. 2-Mh June al 2 .30 pm. 
Family flowers only Donations, if 
desired, for the ChesL Heart and 
Stroke Association lo A. Pargetter & 
Son. City Mews. Lamb SL Coventry. 

BRAZIER ■ Andrew on lSui June, 
suddenly, dear son of Jean and Geof- 
frey. brother of Hugh. Fiona, and 
Janet. Funeral at 3.20 pm. Monday 
23rd June. Canford Crematorium. 
Bristol No flowers please. Donations 
it desired lo The British Heart Foun- 
dation. c o R. Davies and Son. 3B1 
Gloucester Road. Bristol. T. 

BRYSON George Devereux - Passed 
away peacefully in Boston. Massa- i 
ctiusens an MUi June in hts 91st 
year. He Is survived by his wife. Hel- 
en whniondale. a daughter and son- 
in-law. three grand -children and two , 
great-grand daughters. Funeral pri- I 
vale No letters please. 

BURNS - On June 10 th. Erna Helene at 
St Stephen's HospltaL Chelsea. Cre- 
mation Service on Monday. June 
23rd al 11.00 am at Putney vale 
Crematorium. Flowers lo W H. 
Buckle A Sons. 246 Fulham Road. 
Chelsea SWIO 

COLLETT - Dorothy Ella, for many 
years of Portugal Died lOth June 
peacefully al home Beloved wife of 
Bril. Cremation took place. Friday 
I3!h June at Putney Vale. Sincere 
[hanks in friends and neighbours for 
their aympaihaUur and comfort. 

COOPER - On June 16Uv 1986 al 
Pembroke Mews. London, in her 
68 th year. Phee Cooper. M.0.E. 
Elder loved daughter of Mrs 
Georgeianna Cooper of Norwich, 
loving sMer of Pauline and brother- 
in-law Graeme Butcher of In thank 
Road. Norwich. Immediate Past 
Principal of Queen Alexandra's 
House. Kensington. London and also 
FJrsl Officer W.R.NS. f rat'd). A 
beloved hi end of Petronella and 
Anthony Burnett-Brown of Lacock 
Abbey. Wilts. Funeral service al St 
Cynac’s Church. Lacock al 2.30 p m. 
Friday. 20 Ui June, preceded by a 
Rental by Petronella Dirtmer and 
Richard Couison at 2.00 pm. in 
Church- Burial at Lacock Cemetery 
at 3.30 p m. Flowers please to J H. 
Kenyon Ltd. 49 Marloes Road. Lon- 
don W 8 . or Lacock Abbes, near 
Chippenham. Wilts. Enquiries to J.H. 
Kenyon Ltd. 49 Marloes Road. 
London W 8 . TeL 01 937 0757. 
ISth. with courage. 'Par. late of 
H M. Diplomatic Service. Devoted 
husband oi Elizabeth, and rather of 
Gillian. Nigel. Amanda and Philip. 
Funeral on Monday. June 23rd al 
Lyminglon Cemetery Chapel at 2.30 
pm No flowers please. Donations to 
Cancer Research, may be sen! c o F 
W House & Sons. Funeral Directors. 
35-34 St Thomas Sl Lyminglon 

FROST - on 17th June 1986. at New- ! 
ton Abbot Hospital, peacefully. Wing 
Cdr i Rtd> Ernest George, aged 90 yrs. 
of HunUey. Btsnopsletgnlon. Devon, 
husband of Paddy, and darting fa- 
(her of Lavtnla. and beloved . 
grandfather of Robert. Amanda, and j 
Charlotte. Funeral Service Monday 
23-rd June at 10 30 am In Torquay 
Cemefary Chapel, followed by cre- 
mation. Family flowers only, but If 
desired, donations to R A F Benevo- 
lent Fund. c. o Teignbndge Funeral 
Servirrs. 2 Exeter Road. 
Kmgsleignton. Devon 
GUIDO On oth June, peacefully aged 
91 al Pontestura. Italy. Beloved fa- 
ther cf Tina and YoLy 
HANSFORD - On June 1 7m. : 966 al 
Frogwell Hospital. Chippenham. 
Joan. Dearly kned wife of COIIin. 
mother of Penelope and Katherine 
Funeral Service al 2.20 pm on Tues- 
day. June 24rh at Havcombc 
Crematorium. Bath Family flowers 
only please. Donations. U desired, lo 
Cancer Research, c, o Na'ionaJ West- 
minster Bank. High SlneeL 
Chippenham. Wilts. 

HAWKER On June 1 4th peacefully in 
the Queen victoria Hospnal. East 
Gmtslcad. Edith Burke-wood aged 83 
years, beloved wife of Gerald Hawk- 
er. Funeral Service ai Trimly 
Methodist Church. East Cnnttead on 
Tuesday. June 24th al 3 OO p m to 
be followed by cremation ai Worth. 
Also a Memorial Evensong af St. 
Dtmtan's Church. Ashuna wre-d on 
Sunday. June 22 nd at 6.00 p r)i 
Please, no flowers. Donations if de- 
sired to The League of Friends. 
Queen Victoria Hospital. 

KILLS • On June 17th al home, after a 
short illness. Vera Mary, widow of 
Andrew, beloved mother o t Peter. 
Patncia and Michael and grandmoth- 
er of seven grandchildren. Funeral 
Service ai Sl. Mary's. Klppmgton. 
Scvenoaks. Friday. June 20th at 
1 1 . 1 S am. to be followed by crema- 
tion. Family flowers only. 
Donations. U desired, lo People's 
Dispensary for Sick Animals. 

P DS.A. House. South Street. 
Dorking, surrey RH4 2 LB 

LILLYWHITE On June 16th following 
a long Uinese. Thomas Edmund. Fu- 
neral al Moruake Crematorium on 
June 201 h ai lO am. 

MARCON On the 16Ui June, the Rev- 
erend John, suddenly at tus home in 
Fittleworth. Beloved husband of 
Grace and dear father of Rtchard, 
Gillian and Susan. Cremation private 
followed by a Service or Thanksgiv • 
lag 2.00 pm at Fittiewonh, Sussex 
on Monday 23rd June. No riow-en 
by request, but donations to the 
Church Missionary Society. IZ7 Wa- 
terloo Rd. London SEl. 

MORGAN - On June 1 6th. peacefully 
al Ramsey Cottage Hospital. William 
Stanley Morgan. C M G.. M.A-. for- 
merly of The Colonial 
Administrators Services in Malaya. 
Sierra Leone and Mauritius. Beloved 
husband of Joan of The Old vicar- 
age. MaughoM. Isle of Man. No 
Flowers, no letters ptease Cremation 
took place on Wednesday. June I 8 lh 
al Douglas Crematorium. If so de- 
sired. in lieu of flowers, donations 
may be sent lo Mr Maurice Scarr. 
Secretary of Queens College Heritage 
Fund. Queen College. Cambridge. 

Henley Royal 
Regatta Ball 

The Henley Royal Regatta Ball, 
in aid of the Windsor Sea 
Cadets, will be held on Sat- 
urday, July 5, ai Fawley Court 
Mansions. Tickets, at £25 each. 
10 include a buffet meal, may be 
obtained from United Kingdom 
Ball. I Grimsdells Comer, Syca- 
more Road. Amersham, 
Buckinghamshire. HP6 5EL; 
telephone 02403 2S967. Danc- 
ing will be lo two live bands and 
the DGM Discotheque. 

Institution of Gvil Engineers 
The Institution of Civil En- 
gineers held their annual con- 
versazione last night at their 
headq up ners. Great George 
Street, Westminster. Members 
and their guests were received 
by the president and Mrs Don- 
ald Reeve and the secretary and 
Mrs John McKenzie. 

Northwood College 

The Head Mistress of 
Northwood College. Miss M.D. 
Hillyer-Cole. will be retiring at 
the end of the Summer Term 
and all former pupils are invited 
to come to old girts' day at the 
school on Saturday, June 21. 

Church news 


ROWSON Ursula. Peacefully at Great 
Rissinglon. on 18Ih June. Widow of 
lhe late Reverend John Rowson and 
much loved malner and grand moth 
er. Funeral al Great Rissinglon ai 
3.SO pm Tuesday 24th June. 

SADLER - David Roy. On I4(h June al 
home In SL Mellons. South Wales, 
aged 38 

SMYTH On June 17th. aged 73 years, 
m hospital following an illness borne 
with dignity and courage. Nancy 
inee Wol/n. beloved wife of Bill, be- 
loved mother of Susan and Stephen 
and loved grandmother of Mark and 
Justin Funeral Service at Si Maryte- 
bone Crematorium on Tuesday June 
24th at 2.30 pm. Family flowers only 
please, but donations if desired to 
Chest Heart & Stroke Association. 
Tavistock Square. London WC 1 H 
9JE. 'Blessed arl thou amongst 

SPOONER On June 15th 1986. trag- 
ically tn a road accident Way n# aged 
28 years, beloved husband of Mary, 
Funeral al AU Samis Church. 
Cresslng. Essex on June 24(h al 2.00 
pm. Flowers if desired and enquiries 
lo C. Collins it Sons. 0376 83750. 

STEVENSON • On I7ih June. t986 ai 
home peacefully. Desiree Lynette 
■ Nelly I of Marlborough. Wills. 
Beloved mother of Georgina and 
Kale and grandmother of Edward. 
Funeral on Friday. 2 C 1 h June af SI 
Vary's Church. Marlborough al 9 30 
a m Family flowers only please 
Donations. If desired, lo SI. Peter's 
Trust. Marlborough. 

TAYLOR • On June 16th. peacefully 
atter a short nines*. Eileen Hilda 
Dorothy aged 91. Much loved aunt 
and great -aunt. Funeral service at St. 
JonuV Church, wesl Malvern. Mon- 
day. June 83rd at 2 OO pm Enquiries 
to F w Spiisburv. Funeral Direc- 
tors. Malvern 4094 

The Rev C Day. Vicar, Ktdsgrovc. 
diocese of Uchfiekl. to be executive 
officer for the Anglican Evangelical 
Assembly and the Church of England 
Evangelical Council. 

Canon A M Fairhursi. Rector. SI 
Mary's Stockport, diocese of Chester, 
to be also Rural Dean of Stockport, 
same diocese. 

The Rev A G GUI. Rector. 
Winterbome Sticktand and 
Tumworth. Wlnierb or ne Houghton. 
Winterbome Whiiechurch and 
Wlnierborne aenaon. diocese of 
Salisbury, to be Vicar, verwood. same 

The Rev R A Jupp, curate. SI James's, 
prebend Street, and assistant to the 
area Dean of Islington, diocese of 
London, lo be Domestic Chaplain to 
the Bishop of Horsham, and pneat-m- 
charge. Lower Bt-edJng. diocese of 

Cnlc Hester 

The Rev M A Ketk. curate. Ross-on- 
wye Icam ministry, diocese of Her- 
eford. lo be pnei-HKhargr. St 
Mary's. Burghiii. and SI Mary Mag- 
dalene. Sfrerion Sugwas. same di- 

The Rev W R King. Rector. Cusop. 
Clifford. Hardwicke. Brewardlne. 
p rebury and Moccas. diocese Of 
Hereford, to be Rector. Sl Nicholas. 
Hereford, same diocese. 

The Rev R R J Lap wood, curaie. Bury 
SI Edmunds. Sl Mary with SI Peter's 
district church, diocese of Si 
Edmunds bury and Ipswich, lo be 
prlel-ln-charge. Bemiey. Taltlngsione 
and Copdocfc wtin Washbrook. same 

The Rev □ Mann, curaie. Sl Andrew's 
Roker. Sunderland fa be Chaplain of 
Sheffield Cathedral, diocese of Shef- 

The Rev 1 j Mayo, curaie. Chrtsi- 
church, diocese of Winchester, to be 
pneslln -charge. Sturm Luster Marshall 
and Kingston Lacy and Shapwick. 
diocese of Salisbury. 

The Rev J C A Roberts, curaie. 
sneoshed. diocese of Leicester, lo bo 
curate. Bra unstone, same diocese. 
The Rev G E RundelL Vicar. Sl 
Andrew's Tarvin. diocese Of Chester. 
io be also an honorary canon of 
Chester Cathedral, same diocese. 

The Rev r N Rowe, vicar. 
Leyionslone. SI Margarei wtih St 

Columba. diocese of Chelmsford, lo be 
also Rural Dean of Waltham Forest, 
same diocese. _ 

The Rev D C Stevens. Chaplain. 
ChigwelJ School, diocese of Cheims 
font, lo be Rector. Tarrant Valley, 
diocese of Salisbury. 

The Rev J A Swatne. Vicar. St 
Chad's. Leicester, diocese of Leicester, 
to be Vicar. Holy Trinity. Harrow 
Green, dracae of Chelmsford. _ 
The Rev N Topping. Vicar. Sl 
Stephen's. Newton Flowery Field, 
diocese of Cheater, to be Vicar. Sl 
Mark. Bradbury, same diocese. 

The Rev S R Tucker, lecturer. 
Cluch ester Theological College, di- 
ocese of Chichester, to be Vicar. Si 
Albans. Copnor. and assistant di- 
ocesan continuing ministerial educa- 
tion officer, diocese of Portsmouth. 
The Rev D A Walker, curate. St 
Michael and Ail Angels. North Hull, 
diocese of York, lo be vicar, same 

The Rev J S W Young, curaie. All 
Samis. St Maryfeoone. diocese of 
London, lo be Vicar. St Andrew's. 
Crewe, diocese of Chester. 

Mr Richard Balbemie, MC, 
who died after a long illness on 
I June 1 7, just before his 63rd 
' birthday, will be remembered 
for his outstanding contribu- 
tion in the field of residential 
child care, most especially in 
the treatment of disturbed 
young offenders. 

He retired in August, 1985 
after 18 years as Principal of 
the Costswold Community in 
Wiltshire. In 1967 this had 
been a conventional approved 
school with recidivism of 85 

His task was lo transform 
the school into a therapeutic 
community. This he took on 
with uncompromising dedica- 
tion and singlemindedness. In 
fighting for his principles he 
was no respecter of rank or 
power and in the process 
made some enemies, but won 
the grudging or ungrudging 
respect of many others. 

He was not just a charismat- 
ic figure: the approach he 
developed for treatment of 
severely disturbed young of- 
fenders with unintegxaied per- 
sonalities was based on an 
explicit theoretical 

Its effectiveness was dem- 
onstrated by a follow-up study 
which showed recidivism re- 
duced from 85 per cent to 
around 5 per cent 

However, Balbemie' s con- 
tributions to residential care 
of children began long before 
his stint at Cotswold. 

His lifelong concern with 
juvenile delinquency dated 
from his experience when, 
forced to leave school when 
his father, a regular army 
officer, was killed early in 
World War II, he began work 
in the office of a magistrate's 
clerk at the age of 15. 

His vocation was interrupt- 
ed by distinguished war ser- 
vice’ which used and 
developed his flair for leader- 
ship. At 16. exaggerating his 
age by several years, he enlist- 
ed in the regular army. 

Before he was 30 he was a 
major and company com- 
mander with the Gurkhas in 
Assam and Burma, and was 
awarded the Military’ Cross. 
He was also mentioned in 
Despatches. The wounds he 
suffered in rescuing a wound- 
ed fellow-officer led to his 
retirement in 1945. 

Graduating, then, from 
Cambridge in psychology, 
with a Certificate of Educa- 
tion. he trained as an educa- 
tional psychologist and it was 
while working in this capacity 
for the City of Oxford that he 
raised the money to set up 
Swalecliffe Park School for 
delinquent and maladjusted 
boys. He was its principal for 
five years. 

From 1957. he spent !0 
years first at Oxford, then at 
Bristol, combining part-time 
work in a therapeutic commu- 
nity for menially ill aduhs 
with research, consultancy, 
leaching social work students 
and writing - and also earning 
an Oxford BLitt to add to his 
Cambridge degrees. 

.As a result of his writings 
and his achievements at Cots- 
wold he was widely respected • 
nationally and internationally - 
by professionals in residential 
care, and he will be remem- 
bered gratefully by the many 
staff he trained and by the 
many grown men who. but for 
their treatment at Cotswold, 
would be now spending their 
lives in and out of prison. 

He leaves a widow. Joy. 
four sons, a daughter and two ’ 


Resignations and retirements 

PrrtwndaiY R Denman. Vicar. CMd- 
dar. Cheddar Valley group ministry, 
diocese of Bath and Wells, lo retire on 
July 31 

The Rev A F L Colson. Rector. 
Th rainiest on and SUnlon. and Bromc 
wiih Oakley, diocese of SI 

Ednnmdshurjj and Ipswich, to retire 

on AugMss 3i. 

The Rev J K Cotton. pnenitKlMtV. 
Avsington with Newton Green and 
Little comard. diocese of Sl 
Edmundsbury and fpswteh. to retire 
on September 30. 

The Rev W S Herrington, priest In- 
charge. Ray don with Holton SI Mary 
and Great Wenham. diocese or St 
Edmundsbury and Ipswich, to retire 
on August 31. 

The Rev P Holies. Rector. Sudbury St 
Gregory with St Peter and Chilton, 
diocese St Edmundsbury and Ipswich, 
to retire on August 4. 

The Rev L Smethurst. vicar. SI 
Martin's DtoyMen. oiocts* of Man- 
chester. to retire on July 31. 

Other appointxneat 

Deaconess B Vince, lo be deaconess at 

Si Anselm's Belmont, diocese or 


Miss Alison Tennant, OBE, 
who died on June 15 aged 82, 
lived a Ufe of public service 
remarkable for the many 
causes she espoused. 

The daughter of The Right 
Hon H. J. Tennant a member 
of Asquith's cabinet, her inter- 
ests encompassed the Guide 
movement, local government, 
the National Health Service, 
housing, the Menially Handi- 
capped, the Church and the 
European Union of Women, 
of which she was founder 

During the Second World 
War she was a Lieutenant- 
Colonel in the ATS. 

Her service to Kent Guides 
before the war was extended 
afterwards when she became 
International Commissioner 
of Girt Guides. 

She sat on Westminster City ■ 
Council from 1949 to 1982- 
and on london County Coun- ; 
cilfrom 1959 to 1965. In 1970 
she founded Tennant Housing 
Trust, which now manages ; 
560 flats in Pimlico. London. • 
She became chairman of " 
Westminster Society for Men- • 
tally Handicapped Children ' 
and founded Alison House, a : 
short-stay home for teenagers ; 
and young adults. 

In 1974 Miss Tennant was \ 
appointed OBE for fostering " 
international links through : " 
the EUW. * 

In 1983 she launched Eu- '• 
rope Alive to encourage inter-' 
change at all levels between 
members. Her annual 1 0-day ~ 
holiday was spent doing vol- 
untary work for victims of the 
troubles in Nonhem Ireland. * 

Science report 

Soviet move to universal vaccine 

WEBSTER Suddenly on June I 4 lh. 
! 9 !M>. ilw R<*. Mir’idfi Of 24 King 
Edward Po-.rf Mal-.f-rn WHK A 
irry Gear husband (O Barbara and a 
lowng idio-r. laincr-in-law and 
grandfather Funeral Service at Little 
Malvern Pnery. Malvern Welts on 
Tuefdar. June 24 in ji 2 OO pm. fol 
lowed by cremation. Family flowery 
only plea*? Donations. U desired, to 
Save the Children Fund. c. o Mrs 
Mathew. 227 Weils Road. Malvern. 


CAPEL CURE • A Service of Thanks- 
giv ing for lhe Life of Caroline Capet 
Cure will be held at 3.00 pm at Chel- 
sea QW Church on lOth July. Please 
acknowledge to Mrs V. Carter, lei- Ol 
283 3100 eel. 4002. 

FLEMING • Doctor Hugh Donald of 
Taunton. Somerset. A Thanksgiving 
Sen ice for his life and work will be 
held in Sl Augustine's Churcn. west 
Man Hon near Taunton on July 2nd 

al 3 0 Q om. ah an? wrtraim. 


GAVESTON - Piers. Slain 19lh June 

LUJHSDEH Ann Gabrlclk? ■ On I9ih 
June. 1985. Remembered with -o 
much love. 

Soviet medical scientists 
claim they have found a vaccina- 
tion “catalyst" which increases 
a hundredfold the response of 
the body's defence system to a 

If substantiated the catalyst 
could eliminate harmful side- 
effects associated, for example, 
with whooping coagh vaccina- 
tion. protea against a number of 
diseases which at present resist 
vaccine treatment and. possibly, 
provide a universal vaccine able 
to protect, in one shot, against 
most of the diseases a person is 
likely to meet in a lifetime. 

The research team working 
filth Professor Viklor Kabanov 
a! the Soviet Institute of 1m- 
munnlngy. where the catalyst 
was first synthesized; also sug- 
gest it should make vaccination 
against allergies possible. 

The discovery lies behind 
another remarkable claim made 
by the Soviet doctors earlier this 
year. Thai involved the develop- 
ment of an anti-fia vaccine said 
to protert against all strains of 
die influenza virus. 

By a Special Correspondent 

The finding puzzled Western is the catalyst, 
scientists at centres snch as tbe described it ir 
National Institute for Medical say it is one 
Research, in London, and the polymers whi 
Medical Research Councirs though usuallj 
Common Cold Unit, at Sails- Combined v 
bury. add part of ih 

For (hey have discovered that also be produo 
influenza viruses mutate so provokes a i 
quickly that vaccination against spouse. Clinic 
but year's strain is usually to begin aftej 
ineffective against this year's oratory animal 
source of infection. A r 

The Soviet researchers prindpfe is 
avoided the difficulty when they against «inni 
identified a minute part of tbe portant in anin 

isthe^Ufyst-TTreybavenotyet mane system to produce J-typc ^ 
described it in detail, except to antibodies, which act dinStiy’ £ 
say it is one of a number of against foreign antigens. In an'** 
polymers which have similar, allergy the immune system 

cSbSSwHhX' ,e ***l; t »p* MHbodfc to 

viral DNA, a mere 20 suninff is in human. 

Combined with the 20 amino 
add part of the virus, which ran 
also be produced synthetically, it 
provokes a full immune re- 
sponse. Clinical trials are a boot 
to begin after successful lab- 
oratory animal tests. 

A second vaccine using the 
prindpfe is being developed 
against salmonellosis, as im- 
portant in animal medidne as Dn 

acids long, which was common 
to ail flu viruses, no matter how 
much the organism mutated. 
Their vaccine was based on a 
serum co n tai n i n g clones of that 
fragment . 

However, Western scientists 
who bad also identified similar 
common factors among fin vi- 
ruses could not understand bow 
to prepare a vaccine from SO 
miantc a part to provoke a 
protective response. 

For (he Russians, the answer 

Apart from reducing likely 
side-effects, by asing far weaker 
viral strains, the catalyst will 
make it possible to use synthetic 
copies of viral DNA, us sally far 
less effective than the real thing, 
and so avoid passing viruses 
through hens* eggs and monkey 
embryo livers which can also 
result in harmful side-effects. 

The Russians also claim the 
principle can be used to counter 
allergies. Normal infections, or 
va conation, provoke the im- 

*bite or strawberry juice. •f': 

These E-type antibodies affect " *5 
tbe body s own tissues, causing 
swellings, rashes or bronchial 
spasm. An allergen produced io 
mice by egg white has been 
linked with the catalyst to - T- 
provoke a normal J-type im— 
mime response, destroying the >4 
allergen in other mice. The - j* 
vaccination against asthma and ZZ 
other allergic conditions has 
D W> n »* a Possibility, the Soviet “5* 
scientists say. ' 

.. The Russians make no men- ZZ 
tion or Aids Which, as far as is •*? 

known, has not m tw.-„ 

i R ? , 

, u °Uc 

S- 2* > et be « n »*■ 

ported in the Soviet Union. But 
since tbe condition is caused bja-5 
^ rus which weakens the im-~<* 
mune system, tbe catalyst might 

l ae . r . oute protection -£3 
Against the disease or treatment- 
lor it. . 

\-js:. Vi?r.r. 
l*y *tt 
TTtr .? T 
« >>f Vim 
*mTW^ -* ,i 

r « 

•’ s ”-'* . ..." 
#- * • b.- *k 
‘-i- VU 
yh- -# -.j > . 
f >U; .. - ., 

if*** «.t?- • 

L •V.v. -•»- 
f 2 .;—■* * . . 

•A**. ii • 


! virtues 

Hj At. the Berlin Conference in 
1885, 14 western countries 
rtition of Afri- 
ca. Not a single African was 
5? 'present, la the fintA pert of 
x ''hfe series The Africans 
(BBCl), Ali Maznd looked at 
h6w Europeans appropriated 
(is continent end its peoplefnr 
Adr own ends. 

MunoVoneima ifcw, told 
in. the Language of the princi- I 
pal o pp re s sor, has its obvious 
r -’c$.. faults. I have already com- 
‘■'•T 4 merited on fats pathological 
[ ? j "; } desire to qnote and paraphrase 
r "- U oar own titeratore (which 
seems * compounding of the 
tSHa.* S * DS 90 keenly visits on ns). 

1 »„■! Fortunately, be redaced him- 
seif last night to “a EttJe 
•!> %"i modernity « a dangerons 

• i j . ’ thing" and “the West arrived 
■i-. ■ in Africa with a bang, the soil 

• L C r readied with a whimper”. 

Maznd scampers over too 
' much soil in putting across his 
simplistic thesis. Last night, 
however, this simptidty was a 
f, virtue. Produced by Timothy 
w.*- : Copestake and including more 
first-rate photography. Tools 
of Exploitation communicated 
both the outrage of Africa's 

• ‘ rape and, with Weak stills of 

mutilated slaves, the troth that 
'l; ";- it was not the natives who 
needed to be rivOized hat the 
white man. 

-In exchange for Africa’s 
ygold and diamonds, rubber 
and men. the West gave only 
ppw the illnsion of technological 
know-how. In the most exTeo- 
tire sequence of die series so 
,>"/ for, Mazrtri sat in an hotel 
' Cl • room beside a radio that did 
. not work, a teleriskm set and 
" telephone that were similarly 
; r “quenched” and a hot tap that 

- had never been co nn ected. The 
' -f West had given Africa seed 

' enough to panrot ns but not to 
develop like ns. 



Nicholas Shakespeare's inter- 
■ view last week with John Han 
quoted the latter’s opinion 
that Simon Winchester 
“should have returned to Ar- 
gentina to face the charges he 
was bailed on". We are glad to 
•' make it dear that Simon 

- Winchester has always been 
: ’• ready to return to Argentina 

for this purpose as and when 
he is required to do so. 

*■ - • 

*•* • 

Through a haze of smoke from the 
inevitable big cigar, .Isaac Stem 
appraises the solo part of Peter 
Maxwell Davies’s Vioim Concerto. It 
lies open at what appears to be an 
especially fiendish twist of double- 
stopping figuration. and Stem has less 
than five days left to shape Maxwell 
Davies's first concerto for its first 

"This is the worst tune , in the 
gestation process. You don’t yet know 
bow k-wifi gel with die orchestra, yet 
the solo part is going through your 
mind ince ssantly. You’re swimming 
in it,-woridngon ft day and night." I 
suggest that since only the previous 
evening Ire had been in action at the 
Festival Hall, he might allow himself 
a temporary breather. “Yes. 1*11 relax 
today, spend only about eight hours 
on ft, I guess.” 

The alliance of the 65-year-old 
doyen of New York fiddle virtuosi 
with the .reclusive English composer 
is one of the year’s more unlikely 
musical happenings. Even more ex- 
traordinary is that Stern, Andre 
Previn ana the Royal Philharmonic 
Orchestra have all been coaxed into 
the ancient gloom of St Magnus 
Cathedral to give the premiere as part 
of the Orkney Festival. Moreover, the 
BBC is employing a 40-strong crew 
and a satellite link to broadcast the 
concert live (BBC 2 and Radio 3) on 
Saturday night. The performers 
record the concerto for CBS at 
Walthamstow Town Hall on Monday 
and Tuesday, then on Wednesday’it 
will be played at the Festival HalL 
“By then we should have ft pretty 
good”, says Stern. 

In fact, surprise at Stem’s collabo- 
ration with Maxwell Davies is largely 
due to British ignorance of one whole 
aspect of the violinist’s life. He has 
championed new music from the 
earliest days of his 50-year concert 
careen at that time “new” meant 
Bartbk, Prokofiev and Stravinsky (be 
played the Stravinsky Concerto under 
the composer's direction). More re- 
cently he has premised pieces by 
Bernstein,' George Rochbeig, Pende- 
recki and, earlier this season, Henri 
Duulleux's Concerto. Stem admits he 
has a love-affair with this last, and 
will play it in London next year. It is 
dear, too, that he has taken a great 
liking .to Maxwell Davies's work, 
although when the 'idea was first 
suggested Stem did not know either 
the composer or his music. 

“I listened to recordings I read' 
about him, and realized he had a - 
definite voice of his own. This 

Photograp h QMcaacSwmoy aa Wutantt 

Too much of the 
rude mechanical 

A Midsummer 
Night’s Dream 
Covent Garden 

One of the important differ- 
ences between Britten’s Mid- 
summer Night’s Dream and 
Shakespeare's is that the opera 
has two sets of players: not just 
Quince and crew but also the 
lovers, who become puppets 
in so many contrived situa- 
tions. The correspondences in 
the two duets of the first act, 
for instance, or the wholesale 
artificiality of the reconcilia- 
tion quartet must indicate that 
we are seeing not Hermia, 
Lysander and their compan- 
ions directly, but rather 
Britten’s artful response to the 
musical-dramatic opportuni- 
ties and problems they offer. 
Christopher Renshaw’s new 
production for the Royal Op- 
era reveals this play-acting in 
the extravagant, very physical 
behaviour of these four char- 
acters. But while giving us two 
sets of players (the peasants 
are good fun too) - ft. also 
provides, much less endear- 
ingly. two sets of rude 
mechanicals, the second being 
the pair of triangular climbing 
frames that dominate Robin 
Don’s decor. 

These are disastrous in sev- 
eral ways. In the first place, 
they are severe, brutahsi and 
geometrical, in utter dishar- 
mony with the score. Then 
again, they greatly limit. the 
acting space: either you stay 
on the horizontal at the front 
or you go about climbing 
ladders. They also tend to 

Isaac Stem, just off to the Orkneys for Saturday’s premiere of Peter Maxwell 
Davies’s Violin Concerto, is a rarity among the world’s great instrumentalists 
in his reluctance to stick to the beaten track: interview by Richard Morrison 


makes ft rewarding for me is that he 
treats the violin as a violin.” Stem's 
voice rises in a crescendo of rhetoric, 
as passionate and emphatic as his 
playing: “He doesn't break the instru- 
ment, or scratch it. or beat it. or attack 
it, or knock it he doesn't want it to be 
a rattle or a horn. He just uses it 

The difference between the two in 
lifestyle could not be greater. Stem is 
not only one of America's most 
durable performers, but also a tireless 
campaigner for the arts. He saved 
Carnegie Hall from demolition in 
1960 and is now the figurehead for a 
S60 million appeal to restore it 
Completely (“Well it is — and I hope 
you British take this the right way — 
the centre of the western world's 
musical activity”). He helped found 
the National Endowment for the Arts 
(the American equivalent of the Arts 
Council). He courageously undertook 
a Russian tour at the height of the 
Cold War, and in 1979 a momentous 
visit to China, where his coaching 
session with 10-year-old violinists 
made happy footage for the film 
From Mao to Mosan. “Yes. that 
movie, despite winning an Academy 
Award, is actually rather nice”, says 
Stem. “It is so easy to touch the hearts 
of children through music.” 

Stem also, incidentally, played the 
violin on the soundtrack of Fiddler on 
the Roof — an appropriate task, since 
he was bom in the Ukraine. He once 
defined the US-USSR cultural ex- 
change programme with the memora- 
ble line “They send us their Jews 
from Odessa, we send them our Jews 
from Odessa”. 

Yet he sees parallels between his 
own humanitarian outlook on life 
and Maxwell Davies’s concern with 
working with the Orkney community. 
“That he is interested, as I am, in the 
world in which he exists. I could not 
be that ascetic 1 don't really wander 
too for from running water and a 
telephone. Bui I find the puckish 
quality in him very endearing. I guess 
the best word is fey. For example, he 
ends this concerto with no thought of 
public success. It's incredibly quiet 
and reflective. Any other composer, 
whatever he might put before, would 
write a good old ‘biff boom bang bah' 
in the last bar. At fust I had ray 
doubts, but now I think it will work. It 
really grows out of what has gone 
before, and it has a real wistfulness. 
There will be a long silence at the end, 

I guess. Someone will have to applaud 
to tell people it is over.” Stem, 
ponders the matter for a moment 
“Probably his publisher." 

taken over the Water Spirit's 
geriatric wheelchair from 
Richard Van' Allen' and, more 
kindly, less spectral, tolls out 
his “sorrow, sorrow, sorrow” 
from a still more corporeal 

While John Treleaven and 
Ann Howard return as the 
Prince and the witchy govern- 
ess Jezibaba, the production 
has a Foreign Princess of new 
dignity and presence in Phyllis 
Cannan, and a little embryo 
Rusalka-to-be in the First 
Wood-Nymph of Cathryn 
Pope. Mark Elder conducts 
Dvorak's unashamed Peter 
Pan of a score with fineness of 
judgement equal to that on 


concerto was. however, to be different 
from his normal output For one 
thing, the venue for the- premiere 
limits the forces to be used. It's very 
much a Beethoven orchestra. Then, 
the music has a great deal of Scottish 
ip it certain rhythms, and the slow 
movement melody particularly. 

“You know, this beautiful, quiet, 
wailing-bagpipe tune struck me im- 
mediately. I thought ‘Copland, Bern- 
stein, clearlyf. Then I figured ft out, 
and Max confirmed it this sort of 
music was brought over to America 
two centuries ago by Scottish settlers. 

It was assimilated, particularly in the 
Kentucky Mountains, and became 
part of the folk-music heritage of the 
States. That's where Copland picks it 
up from, and Bernstein from Cop- 
land. Now Max, in a sense, makes it 
come back full-circle.” 

As a matter of principle Stem has 
not participated in the compositional 
process. “I don't want to play 
Joachim to his Brahms — not that I 
put either of us on that level I think I 
have suggested changing just two 
notes. In feet Max has written it very 
expertly for the violin, and what 



production which ought to be 
most magical — fairies fanning 
Tytania and Bottom with 
long, stream er-tentacled 
wands, -or standing at the end 
with lights on fidnpg lines — 
look automated in the manner 
of a Busby Berkeley spec- 

There is also the problem 
that the machinery is noisy, 
and that ft is obviously not 
running smoothly yet: another 
intended breathtaking event, 
the revelation of Theseus and 
Hippo lyta under a white tent, 
was destroyed by a stiff rough 
transformation. Finally,, ft 
may ask too much of the 
ringers, particularly of the 
boys, that they should have to 
concentrate not only on their 
voices. but on their balance. 

It is a pity that this machine 
should loom so large — larger, 
surely, than it did when this 
production was first staged at 
Snape in .1980 — when other 
aspects of the design are 
inventive. The fairies all look 
as if they had- been splashing 
naked in- Howard Hodgkin's 
paint-pots. and. Oberon and. 
.Tytania have splendid billow- 
ing trains made out of whatev- 
er stuff- it is they use for 
dragonfly. wings. The lovers all 
in white are apt (though 
Hermia's teddy-bear is a silly 
touch), and John B. Read’s 
lighting even does something 
for the cloud shapes of. 

Oberon, with Mark Rylance'; 

strange and 
s wild-boy 

deserves credit for realizing 
him so unpleasantly welL 
The ringing cast is much 
easier to admire. James Bow- 
man steps on as Oberon from 
the old production of blessed 
memory, and, notwithstand- 
ing a tew losses of tone on 
Tuesday night, he gives a 
wondrous, strange and deli- 
cate performance, reaching 
right across the theatre with 
pinpoint exactitude. He has an 
intensely spirited and radiant 
partner in Lilian Watson's 
Tytania. The lovers too are 
half familiar, half new. but all 

meatsafe-screening that keep: magnificent. Kim Begley as 
gliding by. There is, however, Lysander is very ready for 

less to. be said for Puck’s 
outfit one thought him more 
a Caliban as he appeared in 
the black strip of an old 
pugilist, with bleached wire- 

impose boring symmetrical brush hair. He is a peculiarly 
ananaemenis of bodies, so unsavoury kind of wild boy, 

and Mark Rylance perhaps 

arrangements of bodies, so 
that those moments in the 

Jove's delights, but is equally 
prepared io relish Britten’s as 
'they come. Jonathan Sum- 
mers offers an upright, well 
projected and strongly sung 
Demetrius. Felicity Lott is 
more suited to the tenderness 
of Helena than to her comedy. 

while Claire Powell manages 
both (full advantage is taken 
of the ladies’ difference in 
height) as Hermia. 

The mechanicals, at least 
the human ones among them, 
are dominated by the rugged, 
resilient and thoroughly musi- 
cal Bottom of Stafford Dean, 
who seems the more comic for 
being ignorant that he is in a 
comedy. The orchestral play- 
ing under Roderick Brydon 
was not so firmly in place. Mr 
Brydon is an excellent Britten 
conductor, and here he 
seemed to be providing the 
right lead, but there were as 
many flaws as imaginative 
spots in the solo playing, and 
the general mezzo-forte lev- 
elled out much of the gauzy 
fineness of the score: perhaps 
it is not a dream to be dreamt 
in so large a theatre. 

Paul Griffiths 

Busy opera-goers up and down 
the country will have noticed a 
subtle scattering of white Vic- 
torian nightdresses, bedsteads 
and rocking-horses, and even 
the odd wheelchair, on the 
stages of Britain during the 
past three years since the 
unveiling of English National 
Opera's Rusalka. And if imita- 
tion is. indeed, the sincerest 
form of flattery, then David 
Pountney and his company 
must be delighted at the 
influence of his re-creation of 
Dvorak's retelling of the Un- 
dine myth. 

The production, with its 
spellbinding lunar beauty and 
its strange, aqueous images of 
the collective subconscious, 
has proved more endurable, 
too, than could ever have been 
hoped. Judging by the heavy 
booking for only three remain- 
ing performances in this, its 
second revival even ENO 
have underrated its drawing 

I have to admit that, on 
repeated viewings, I find 
Pountney's brilliantly and me- 
ticulously worked out nursery 
fantasy increasingly self-limit- 
ing. Perhaps because it be- 
longs to the “this is what it ail 
means” school it tends to take 
on the passive, static allure of 
the very type of mezzotint 
fantasy from which it seeks to 
be free. But its details are still 
seductive, and many of its 
visual images — the motion of 
swing and water-light, the 
while world of the rag-dolls, 
the surreal magic of the fire- 
place — are breathtaking in 
their dramatic and musical 

This time round, Eilene 
Hannan, as the Rusalka sus- 
pended between earth and 
water, repeats a portrayal 
which never flags, even when 
her voice occasionally threat- 
ens to. Rodney Macann has 

Hilary Finch 

Subtler rewards 

Ballet Rambert 
Sadler’s Wells 

Michael Clark’s first creation 
for Ballet Rambert, Swamp, 
premiered at Sadler’s Wells on 
Tuesday, is a more serious and 
more considerable work than 
any he has made hitherto for 
companies other than his own, 
and more so than most for his 
own groups. Thai is partly, 
one gathers, because he felt 
more at ease with the Rambert 
dancers (having been one 
himself not long ago), but 
another fotror is that Richard 
Alston specifically commis- 
sioned something from him 
on the lines o f Do You Me? 1 

That piece, you may re- 
member. originally formed 
pan of a double bill with an 
early version of New Puritans. 
Teasing as ever. Oark de- 
scribed it in last Saturday's 
interview in this paper as the 
more accessible half of the 
programme. In fact, being 
choreo graphically more com- 
plex, dramatically more ob- 
scure. and without any of the 
usual amusing Clark gim- 
mickry. ft was harder to 
watch, but more rewarding 

In all of Clark's pieces, the 
fluency and originality of the 
dance invention is the chief 
virtue, but in Swamp and its 
predecessor that quality is 
seen pure, undiluted and more 
consistently sustained. He has 
said that it is related to the 
fil m of Who ' s Afraid of l ’irgin- 
ia Wolf?, a point underlined in 
this reworking by projecting 
stills from it as ddcor part of 
the time, but 1 cannot pretend. 



Snape Mailings 

Atone time the title “compos- 
er in residence” at the 
Aldebuigh Festival could 
mean only one person. Now it 
changes hands annually. This 
year Hans Werner Henze is 
featured both in concert pro- 
grammes and at the local 
cinema, which is screening 
some rather severe German 
films of the 1960s and 1970s 
for which Henze provided the 

It is perhaps unproductive 
to speculate how his presence 
in Suffolk ties in with the 
radical fervour of his literary 
output, as quoted in the 
festival programme. For in- 
stance: “An must now lake 
the side of the repressed, the 
humiliated, the offended.” On 
the other hand, the intense 

to follow the emotional 

The movement patterns, 
however, are consistently fas- 
cinating. This time he uses a 
larger cast eight assorted 
dancers compared with two 
couples before, which allows 
greater complexity and a 
marvellously animated finale. 
The costumes by Bodymap, 
the better of his two “house 
designers”, are simpler and 
bolder Bruce Gil ben's rock 
score provides a pounding, 
driving pulse for the work; and 
Charles Atlas's lighting is so 
good as almost to earn forgive- 
ness for his ghastly documen- 
tary about Clark shown 
recently on Channel 4. 

The cast is good, with three 
exceptionally strong male 
dancers. Gary Lambert, Mark 
Baldwin and Ben Craft; 
Amanda Britton and Lucy 
Bethune are outstanding 
among the women. 

Although Richard Alston as 
director is introducing no 
fewer than three new choreog- 
raphers this season, his own 
ballets dominate the repertory 
both in quantity and in num- 
ber of performances. That 
may be a matter of circum- 
stances rather than choice. 
'This programme contains 
one of his bat works, the fast, 
exciting, gripping and very 
welt danced Dangerous Liai- 
sons. also a solo. Soda Lake ; 
danced in silence, which is 
interesting although not cm 
the same level, ft was original- 
ly made for Michael Clark; 
Mark Baldwin now copes with 
quiet authority and supple 

John Percival 

poetry is largely incoherent 
but its imagery is shot through 
with a tortured, visionary 
quality that clearly was the 
inspiration for Henze's music. 
What impresses primarily 
about the setting is the ex- 
traordinary richness and vari- 
ety Henze obtains from his 
accompanying forces (the 
same disposition of wind and 
strings as in Schubert's Octet). 
The instrumental and har- 
monic means are convention- 
al by 1950s standards. Henze, 
however, is the master of 
disquiet, and the agitated tex- 
tures are channelled into 
many anguished outbursts be- 
fore subsiding to an uneasy 
but muted instrumental coda. 

Tenor and guitar soloists 
add further dimensions. The 
former delivers the text most- 
ly in a deadpan, world-weary 
style. Julian Pike's limpid, 
small-scale singing, allied to 
his admirable security of pitch 
in the top register, seemed 
ideal. Contrast is provided by 

and careful craftsmanship of the guitar his solo interludes 
his chamber music fits in very (Spanish “tentos” in form) are 
obviously with the Aldebuigh all quick-witted invention. To 
ethos nurtured by Britten and these Timothy Walker 
Pears. This programme’s cou- brought appropriate ardour 
pling of his 1958 work and tonal resourcefulness. 
Kammermusik (which was The London Sinfoniena, so 
dedicated to Britten) with assured here' under the 
Schubert's Octet demonstrat- composer’s direction, laterat- 
ed that. lacked the Schubert with a 

Kemmermusik* kes its text 
and its musical form from B “ 

Hdlderlin's fragment “In lied- .h.^S2l£ 

licher Blaue“ The poet had S ^ 

his psychological problems at . 

the time: consequently the RlrfUUu MOITlSOIl 

The divinely decadent musical 




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.ruga and runners— 

■ The inventory ^ 

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* Auction w « be removed tram bond (ta duties paid), 

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l«Th.L°od<>«la7itoM M 

Pa* yaJfS: S'som On SUM and JuwalJpm 

[Vlwiing troai Itara day ol SALE 

Paul Scofield 
Howard Rollins 

[he fumiest and most touching play’ 



FranOBf rones | 

payuen^cashT cheSS or au. major credit cards 

Lid. a mhwimim wm o « 4M m2 

Opening 3rd July 


BOX OFFICE 01-437 2603 

‘ ' as ’E.ViCcE’ ‘ 

Directed and Choreographed by 






BOX OFFICE 01-8362660 01-8364143 01-8365190 



to trick 
the eye 

Busy traffic in 
Shepherd's Bosh, west 
London, hurries below 
what appears to be a 
passing express train, bat 
which is fact a trompe- 
Uoeil painting on a foot- 
bridge. The 120-ft long 
bridge was commended in 
The Times} Royal In- 
stitute of British 
Architects' Community 
Enterprise Awards. 

The now defunct 
Greater London Council 
paid more than £70,000 
for the project, and Brit- 
ish Rail is to maintain it 
(Photograph: Bill Wadmrst) 


Soviet Union’s new five-year plan 

Nuclear power to grow 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

The Kremlin is 10 press 
ahead with the rapid expan- 
sion of ihe Soviet nuclear 
power industry as a key ele- 
ment in its new five-year plan 
for the economy, despite the 
Chernobyl disaster. 

The plan was presented 
yesterday for final approval by 
the Supreme Soviet, the rub- 
ber-stamp Soviet parliament 

During a 90-minute speech, 
which included a blistering 
attack on the shoddy quality 
of many Soviet-made goods, 
Mr Nikolai Ryzhkov, the 
Prime Minister, stressed the 
“correctness'" of the commu- 
nist state's increasing reliance 
on nuclear energy. He claimed 
this had been confirmed by 
“both world and domestic 

Under the new plan, which 
was put before 5.000 delegates 
meeting in the Kremlin's Pal- 
ace of Congresses, the amount 
of the Soviet Union's national 
electricity output generated by 
nuclear power is due to .rise to 
20 per cent by 1990. 

At present, existing nuclear 
stations account for 170,000 
million kilowatts, about 11 
percent of the total. 

The extent of internal oppo- 
sition among the Soviet public 
to the spread of nuclear power 
is unknown. 

Privately, a number of Mus- 
covites have expressed reser- 
vations and a hint of these has 
appeared in the official media. 

Yesterday, Mr Ryzhkov 
made only passing reference 
to the disaster in the Ukraine, 
which is estimated by Western 
economic experts to have 
alreay cost the Kremlin tens of 
millions of pounds to rectify. 

He said that it had demon- 
strated “the exceptional im- 
portance" of observing a 
technical policy which en- 
sured a “high reliability of 
nuclear power stations". 

After this week's two-day 
session of the bi-annual parlia- 
ment. the debate on the plan 
will be over and it will pass 
into Soviet law. 

Long before Chernobyl be- 
came a household name, the 
complex calculations of the 
central planners had been 
geared to the savings expected 
to be made from the long-term 
switch to nuclear energy. 

Mr Ryzhkov made no refer- 
ence to the poor management 
at the Chernobyl plant, where 
the director and chief engineer 
were recently sacked. 

But he launched a bitterly- 
worded attack on the perfor- 
mance of Soviet managers in 
many other fields of the 

The Prime Minister singled 
out a number of areas for 
particular criticism including 
the construction industry, oil 
production, public transporta- 
tion, food production, ma- 
chine tool building and the 
manufacture of a wide range 
of consumer goods. 

He told delegates from the 
15 Soviet republics that at one 
of the main centres for die 
production of colour televi- 
sions, workers had recently 
been “punished" because of 
the poor quality of the fin- 
ished sets. 

He said that others should 
“draw conclusions” from the 
action ordered by the Com- 
munist Parly's ruling Central 

• FRANKFURT: Two spe- 
cial camps have been set up in 
northern Ukraine and Byelo- 
russia to shelter between 4.000 
to 6,000 people who were 
evacuated after the Chernobyl 
accident, a human rights 
group said (AFP reports). 

• London visit: Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, the Soviet For- 
eign Minister, will be in 
London on July 1 4 and ! 5, Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, told the Commons. 

Parliament, page 4 
New minister, page 8 




Continued from page 1 

• In “pro- women-p riests” di- 
oceses, parishes could opt to 
come under a different bishop, 
who was against women 
priests, for “spiritual pur- 
poses”. The report finds the 
idea doctrinally unsound. 

• Transferring “anti-women- 
priest” parishes entirely to dm 
jurisdiction of an “anti-wom- 
en-priest" bishop to mate 
new non-geographkal dioces- 
es. The practical and legal 
difficulties wonld be 

• Separate parallel churches 
with a working relationship 
between them, but each of 
them autonomous with their 
own hierarchy of bishops. 

Earfi parish would at the 
outset choose which it w anted 
to join, and could change from 
one to the other. The division 
of church property would be 
according to such chokes. 

The report says: “The pro- 
posal wonld seem to involve 
the disestablishment of the 
Church of England”. This is 
the scheme to be be proposed 
to the synod by Canon Austin. 

• A new church formed by 
those who resigned from the 
Church of England, which, the 
report states, could happen. 

arrest 3,000 

Continued from page 1 
road-blocks on all roads in 
and out of Soweto and have 
armoured patrols moving 
through the streets. All the 
political activists have either 
been detained or are in hiding. 

“I live in the north-west of 
Soweto and we have had 
reports of disturbances in the 
east, but it is hard to confirm.” 

Many of those arrested are, 
according to Amnesty, the 
same black activists and trade 
unionists who claimed they 
were tortured when they were 
detained during the partial 
emergency last year. • - 

The British TUC said yes- 
terday that it understood that 
among the detained were Mr 
Jay Naidoo, leader of the 
Council of South African 
Trade Unions (Cosatu). which 
claims half a million mem- 
bers, and Mr Phiroshaw 
Camay, general secretary of 
the Council of Unions of 
South Africa, though other 
reports indicated that Mr 
Naidoo may in fact have been 
among a number of promi- 
nent figures who, at first 
thought to be detained, may 
have gone into hiding before ' 
the police pounced. 

Some of those arrested were 
rounded up at home at 2 am orr 
Monday. Others were picked 
up during the day, despite the 
fact that their unions had 
negotiated agreements with 
their empolers to observe the 
anniversary stoppage. 

- But the new detainees also 
indude doctors who treated 
previous detainees on their 
release and lawyers who acted 
on their behalf 

• There also seems to have 
been a substantial number of 
arrests among sections of the 
white community opposed to 

A particular target of the. 
security police is said to have 
been the End Conscription 
Campaign (ECC), a largely- 
Christian movement among 
young whites, urging : lhetr 
fellows to refuse military ser- 
vice on grounds that- the 
actions of the South African 
Army are incompatible with 
traditional moral teaching. 

The activities of the ECC 
have been specifically out- 
lawed under the terms of the 
state of emergency. 

According to information 
obtained by one leading Brit- 
ish agency, which asked not to 
be named for fear of reprisal, 
12 leading members of the 
ECC were arrested. Four were 
taken from a Roman Catholic 
Church in Port Elizabeth. 
One, Sandy Stewart, was sepa- 
rated from her two children. 
Another was Philip Wilkin- 
son, who feces trial for refus- 
ing to take part in _ SADF 
operations -in the black 

The tactics of the security- 
forces seem to Jiave been to 
overwhelm by sheer weight of 
numbers those individuals 
who have declared themselves 

opposed to government 

Two independent reports 
have now reached the West of 
the storming by 1.000 police 
of the Glyn Thomas students' 
residence at Baragwanath 
Hospital u the early hours of 
Sunday morning. According 
to Mr Brian Brown, the Africa 
secretary of the British Coun- 
cil of Churches, the police who 
burst into the students' rooms 
outnumbered the individuals 
they set out to arrest by more 
than eight to one. Sixty stu- 
dents, were detained and all 
kinds of literature confiscated. 

Some of the most severe 
reaction by the Army and 
.police seems to have been 
’directed at- church services 
with mixed congregations on 
the tenth anniversary of the 
Soweto uprising. 

The British Council of 
Churches has received reports 
of police Sailing violently 
among the congregation at a 
multiracial ecumenical service 
at the Federal Theolo gical 
Seminary, in Pietermaritzburg 
before arresting many 

And in Mdantsane; in East- 
ern Cape; a service held by the 
president of the Methodist 
Church of South Africa, the 
Rev Ernest Baartman. which 
was vis ted by police who gave 
it permission to continue, was 
later brutally broken up by the 

White clergymen from the 
Witwatersrand Council of * 

Churches were threatened 
with tear gas if they did not 
cease praying at the boundary 
of Soweto, to which they had 
journeyed with flowers. 

But there is still no official 
announcement of all this from 
South Africa, where an inter- 
nal and extremal news black- 
out is still strictly enforced 

The nearest that the people 
of South Africa come officially 
to knowing of the events all 
around them is that 
Johannesburg’s largest metro- 
politan newspaper. The Star , 
appeared yesterday with four ft 
white spaces, each bearing the 
rubric that the state of emer- 
gency made certain statements 

The paper's news editor, Mr 
Peter Mann, said last night: “I 
am not allowed by law to tell 
you what should have been in 
the spaces.” Bui it is under- 
stood that one was for the 
report about the raid on the 
Glyn Thomas residence. An- 
other was for the 450 names 
the paper had complied of 
people who had 
“disappeared” during . the 
emergency. 4 

Another jouranalist said: 

“So far the only recourse the 
press has had is through the 
Progressive Federal Party us- 
ing parliamentary privilege to 
read out names of suspected 
detainees in the chamber." 

*-•. V*. - 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Prince of Wales. Presi- 
dent, The Wells Cathedral 
Preservation Trust, attends an 
Open Air Eucharist on the 
Cathedral Green to celebrate 
completion of the preservation 
works on the West Front, Wells 
Cathedral, 10. 

Princess Alexandra departs 
from Heathrow for New York to 
attend the re-opening of the 
British Airways Terminal at 
JFK Airport. 7. 

Prince and Princess Mkhad 
of Kent attend the Royal Ascot 
Meeting. Windsor Castle, 12.15. 
New exhibitions 

Graphic design by Final Year 
students, Leicester Polytechnic. 
Kimberiin Exhibition Hall; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 8, Sat 10 to 4 
(ends June 28) 

Paperworks and recent paint- 
ings - by Chris Milson, 

Buckinghamshire County Mu- 
seum. Church St, Aylesbury. 
Mon to Fri 10 to S, Sat 10 to 
1230. 1.30 to 5 (ends July 19) 

Exhibitions in progress 

Land Matters: contemporary 
landscape photography. Usher 
Art Gallery, Lincoln; Mon to Sat 
10 to 5.30, Sun 230 to 5 (ends 
July- 20). 

Focus on Tiles; Derby City 
Museum and An Gallery, The 
Strand; Tues to Sat 1 0 to 5 (ends 
August 23). 

Rolls - Koyce Fantasia. Derby 
Industrial Museum, Silk Mill 
Lane: Tues to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 10 
to 4.45 (ends July 12). 

Sir John Franklin - The Man 
Who Ate His Boots. Museum of 
Lincolnshire Life, Lincoln; Mon 
to Sat 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
July 20). 

Toy Soldiers in Battle Order. 
The Old House Museum, 
Bake well, Derbyshire; Mon to 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends October 31 ). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17.076 


1 Gum spilled by St George 

8 Sailor's love gets free par- 
don (7). 

9 Place of shelter needed for 
French to be in desert (7). 

11 Lock keeper finds it a hard 
tune to catch (4-3). 

12 Boy returns a high ball — it 
gives a chance (7L 

13 Not a jolly note for her (5). 

14 Hears nuns in disguise re- 
move parachutes perhaps 

16 Tom taking drink with 
mysterious spy causes a fit 

19 This animal gets me in a 
state (5). 

21 Answers requested by the 
wise might one say? (7). 

23 Whither a wicked fellow at 
Iasi (7). 

24 Americans subjected to sud- 
den tensions? (7). 

25 Irish county doctor? (7). 

26 Is an example of this now 
sirained? (7.5). 


1 Rose and Sid are misplaced 
in the file (7). 

2 Legendary female racer suf- 
fers a loss in Georgia (7). 

3 Open parliament to win a 
trick? (9). 

4 Jack’s mackerel bail (5). 

5 Old churchman gives novice 
a watch (7). 

6 Laborious — uncommonly 
poor, see (7). 

7 No credit for those using 
this take-away establish- 
ment (4,3,5). 

10 Edward came round, man- 
aged southern factory and 
moved elsewhere ( 1 2). 

15 Not that London audiences 
go there for fodder (9). 

17 Instructor in a non-combat 
plane (7). 

18 Those who see attractive 
women ( 7). 

19 Fellow gets nothing back 
from this funny man (7). 

20 Intercede with newspapers 
etc and leaders of the 
establishment (7). 

22 Resort — Nassau? — without 
a girl (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,075 

Concise Crossword, page 10 

The British School at Athens 
and the Ashtnolean. Randolph 1 
Gallery, Ashmolean Museum. 
Oxford; Tues to Sat, 10 to 4, Sun 4 (ends September 4). 

How the Trains came to 
Hastings, Hastings Museum 
and Art Gallery. Cambridge 
Road; Mon to Sat 10 to 1, 2 to 5 
(ends July 6). 

Some Spectators" by Tim 
Hunkitua quizzical look at art- 
ists. viewers and the gallery, 
York City Art Gallery, Ex- 
hibition Sq; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, 
Sun 230 to 5 (ends July 13) 

M65 Country: Black and 
white photographs taken within 
one mile of the M65, Haworth 
Art Gallery, Accrington; Sat to 
Thurs 2 to 5. closed Fri (ends 
June 29). 

The Art of the Architect 
treasures from the Riba’s collec- 
tion, Newcastle Polytechnic 
Gallery. Library Building. 
Sandylord Rd; Mon to Thurs 10 
to 6. Fri and Sat 10 to 4 (ends 
July II) 

The Painters' Progress: The 
Lives and Times of Thomas and 
Paul Sandby, Castle Museum, 
Nottingham; Mon to Sun 10 to 
5.45 (ends August 10) 

Last chance to see 

Floral exhibition: Salute to 
Industry. De La Warr Pavilion, 
BexhiU-on-Sea, East Sussex: 10 
to 8. 


Concert by the Manchester 
University Chamber Orchestra, 
Faculty of Music, Manchester 
University, Denmark Rd. 7.30. . 

Concert by the St John’s 
Chamber Orchestra. Council 
Chamber. Brunei Llniversity, 
Uxbridge. Middlesex, 8. 

Piano recital by Iris 
Loveridge; St John’s Cathedral. 
Oban. 8. 

Concert by the English Brass 
Ensemble. Academy Hall. 
Strom ness. Orkney, 1. 

Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra. Free Trade Hall, Man- 
chester. 7.30. 

Guitar recital by Stanley 
Yates, Liverpool Parish Church. 

Recital by John Shirley Quirk 
(baritone) and Kun Woo Paik 
(piano). Snape Mailings Concert 
HalL Aldeburgh. 8. 

Concert by members of the 
London Sinfonietia, Aldeburgh 
Parish Church, 3. 

Talks and lectures 

Illustrated art I enure by 
Cecily Sash. The Forbury Cha- 
pel. Leominster, 7.30. 

The pound 



Austria Sch 

Belgium Ft 
C anadaS 
Danmark Kr 


France Fr 
Germany Dtn 
Greece Dr 
Ireland PI 

Italy Ura 
Japan Van 
Motherland* Old 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Nr 
Switzerland FV 

Yugoslavia Onr 

Rates lor smai danomnahon bank notes 
only as supplied by Bardsys Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
chetwes and other foreign currency 

notnn f*[ *pe tp tf w 

London: ThaPThtdex dosed 14. l is at 



24.4S 3X25 

72 6820 

2155 znss 

1244 1229 

823 7.73 

11.10 10S5 

3-48 3-31 

219 206 

12 11-50 

1.158 1.038 

2285 2265 

263 249 

U1 3.72 

1128 11.28 

232.50 221.50 

420 3-80 

222 211 

11-28 10.73 

2.885 2.735 

L5S 1-49 

585 545 

Books — paperback 

The Literary Ector's selection of 
interestnig books published this 


■ ■uvn 



(Futuna. £2.50) 

Hie Pre senc e of Grace, by 
J.F. Powers, Introduction by Paul 
Bafley (The Hogarth Press, £3.95) 
Ulysses, The Corrected Text by 

James Joyce (Penguin. £7.50, Stu- 
fition £10.95) 

' ’ ’Cor 

John Batchelor 

dent Edition . 
Victory, by Joseph 
and introduced by 

Peter Somer- 
),£955) J 

The CtvB War in Spain, by Raymond 
Carr (WedenfekJ & Nicoteon, £6.95) 
The MacmMan Dictionary of iiog- 
raphy, edited by Barry Jones and 
M.V. Dixon (Papermac, £9.95) 

The Norse Atlantic Saga, by Gwyn 
Jones (Oxford, £5-%) 

The Quest for Marine, by Nikolai 
Tolstoy (Hodder & Stoughton. 
£3.95} ph 


’ Births: James VI oT Scotland, 
afterwards James I of Engfami, 
Edinburgh, 1566; Thomas 
Fuller, preacher and scholar, 
Aldwincle, Northamptonshire, 
1608: Blaise ftscaL math- 
ematician and philosopher, 
Clermont-Ferrand. France, 
1623; Charles Hadden 
Spurgeon, Baptist minister, 
Keivedon, Essex. 1834; Sir 
Ernst Chain, pioneer of penicil- 
lin. Nobel laureate 1945, Beilin, 

Deaths: Sir Joseph 
naturalist and explorer. Isle- 
worth. 1 820; Maximilian. Arch- 
duke of Austria. Emperor of 
Mexico. 1864-67, executed Que- 
relaro, Mexico. 1867; John 
Emerich, 1st Baron Acton, his- - 
torian and philosopher, 
Tegemsee, Germany, 1902; Sir 
James Barrie, Londoo, 1937. 

Pollen count 

The pollen count for London 
and the South-east issued by the 
.Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 87 (high). 
Forecast for today, similar. For 
today's recording call British 
Telecom's Weatherline: 01-246 
8091 . which is updated each day 
at 10.30 am. 


London and S audi ea st- A105: South- 
bouid delay* in Wood Green High Rd. Ml: 
GomretkwbetwBen iunctkxt 7 and 9( Ml 0 
- Harpsndenfc delays a peak trass; 
southbound tsSacks am, n ort hbo u nd 

pm. A22& Delays in Cuxton Rd, StitxxL 

Udtanda: Sktae4ane traffic at 

Weston under UzaraT E of Telford; 

temporary sgraris. Hi: Access aid exits 

doswd at junction is IAMB Northampto n 
Two hues open hi endi direction dua 

to roartNorfcs between McMons IS and 16 

(A45LMG: Two lanes open m contr af low 
around unction 1 (A426 Ru „ 

North: MS: Carriageways natty affected 
between Junctions 32 and 33 { 

Lancaster SI M63: Arad Barton 
Greater Manchester. A59t Single 

fraffic in Bonwfihbridge Rd. York; tem- 

porary Hghte. 

Wares and West M& Contraflow 
betweenju nctfort Band 10 (M50S Wales/ 
A40T9 CheMentiamt. Occasionally only 
one lane operating. ABOrTamporary light* 
at Tihhay and Litton between Launceston 
and Okstiarrexon. AM& Traffic restrtc- 
traeat Taff Fawr viaduct 24 terra day- - 
Scoda n c fc AM: Single-line traffic and 
tmporary signals 24 hours a day. N of 
Crass SL in Penh - Forfar road in Scans. 
Width restriction for w-baund traffic at 
unction of Seafleu Rd with SeafieM 
Place. M74: Inside lane dosed from 
DraMan to Canarsde. 

I n for mati on supplied by AA 

Parliament today 

Commons (230): Debates on. 
Northern Ireland Orders. 

Lords (3y. Agriculture Bill 

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“Antieycfane" Over near 
Continent will maintain a 
warm SE airflow over 
most areas, although a 
trough will affect western 

6am to midnigh t 

London, SE, ce ntra l S En ^ a ntfc 
Dry, wrth sunny or clear 
intervaJsavind SBfahfc max temp 1 9 
to 21C,(68 to 70R. 

East AnoHa, E.W Mtftands, E, 
central N, fe, NW England, Chan- 
nel Islands: Dry, with sureiy 
• tight rr 

, max temf>20 to 

ods; windSE 
22C (68 to 

SW England, S, N Wales, We o< 
Man, Northern tretand: Rather 
cloudy at times, some outbreaks of 
rain or showers; wind S to SE. tight 
or moderate; max temp 17 to 19C 

Lake Dstriet, We of Man, Bor- 
ders, EdMwrah, D un dee . Aber- 
deen, SW Scotland,. Glasgow, 
central Highlands, Moray Rrth, 
Argyll: Dry with sunny periods; wind 
light and variable; max temp 18 to 

NE, NW Scotland, Qdmey; Dry. 
with sunny intervals; wind fight and 
variable; max temp 15 to 17C (59 to 

Shettand: Sunny intervals, mostly 
dry; wind N fight to moderate 
becomi n g fight and variable; max 
■temp-12 to 14C (541o S7F). - 

Outlook for tomorrow and-Sat- 
urday: Sunny or dear periods but 
with an Increasing risk of thundery 


Sun rises: Sun mIb. 
4,43am- 921pm 

2.23 am 
Fufl moon June 22 

629 pm 

Lighting-op tim e 

London 951pm to 4.13 am 
Bristol 10.00 pm to A23 am 
Eefinburgh 1032 pm to 3J6 am 
Manchester 10.11 pm to 4.09 am 
10.05 pm to 4.42 am 


at midday yesterday; e. 

. lafr; r. rake s. sun. 

C F C F 

f 1355 Guernsey S 1457 
f 1783 fo vs m s a a c 1254 
f 1355 Jersey • s 16B1 
f 1864 London (2068 
5 1661 ITndMter 11457 
c 1355 Nawcertle d 1050 
c 1457 tfiti d— y 11355 

Pets at risk 

The RSPCA are warning. dog 
owners not to leave their pets in 
parked cars in the summer heat 
The organization chose 'shock 
tactics for its campaign, with the 
slogan “ Cooking slowly in a 
moderate oven," but it points 
out that that is what happens to 
animals left in parked vehicles, 
and gives warning that it will 
prosecute anybody responsible 
for causing suffering in this way. 
Penalties include a maximum, 
fine of £1.000. and/or up to 
three months imprisonment. 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today . at 1 pm. 6.40pm and 
9.30pm approximately. 


Printed by London Post (Prim- 

erw UmHeir of l viratnlx Strove. 
London El 9XN- Thur*fey. June 19. 

1986. rhmvwi-u a neviupapcr ai 

me Post Office 

High Tides 

WiHk sky: bc-blue sky and cloud: c- 

doudy: o -overcast f foq-. d -drizzle, h- 
hail: mist-mist: r-ratn: satow. th- 
thunderatorm: p-shouners. 

Arrows show wind direction, wtnd 
Speed, (tnjrti) circled. Tem p er a ture 






London Bridge 







































il 1 ^; -1 


46 11.26 
3.6 1023 















80 , 



45 1940 











23 .. 


MHord Haven 


4.4 10.15 







a 00 






















Shore hen 










fcr f 



8.7 - 








3-9 iaii 


Tide measured to metres: 1«n=3-Z808fL - 

Around Britain 

. Sun Ram 

hrs in 

Sc aifa oco 122 

BffeSegton 112 - - 

Cramer 7£ 

Lowestoft 105 - 

Ctacton 124 - 

Monts 12.0 - 

Fotetooe 115 

Hastings 42 - 

Eastbou rne 52 

Brighton 2.7 - 

WortMog 5.1 

I Wtofn fr n 7 J 3 

BognorR &3 - 

SauttaMte .6 JO - 

Sndown • . 94 

ShaaWBa Q.3 - 

Souroemth 57 

Poole 6.1 - 

Sraage 64 

Weymoutn 82 - 

E xmo u tii 112 

Tc&moutii 8 J 

Torquay 85 

Falmouth 08 

Penzance 9J3 

Jersey 45 

Guernsey 6-8 

Scity Isles 82 - 

Na wt yiay 8.1 7 


C .F 

28 79 sunny 

24 75 sunny 
30 86 surety 

27 81 surety 

26 79 surety 

25 77 sunny 

21 70 

17 63 
16 61 
15 S3 

18 64 
20 68 

19 66 

21 70 

21 70 

19 66 
21 70 
21 70 
2t 70 

20 68 

19 66 

19 66 

20 68 

17 S3 
20 68 

17 63 

19 66 




bright . 

17 63 sunny 

18 64 sunny 

S tei Ran Max 

hrs m C F 
30 - 22 72 

Tanby . 4.8 . 0 * 17 63 
Cotwyn Bay 12 - IS 59 

Moracambe 12 D 2 18 64 

Douglas aa 28 13 55 

London . 10.0 - 24 75 

BThbu Ahpt 1.0 - 20 68 

Brisk* (Ortl 6.8 - 17 63 

Cartfff (Cbq 52 - 17 63 

1.5 -71 16 61 
12 .01 14 57 
2A - 20 68 
61 - 21 70 

ffcti-n-Tyi* 00 - 20 68 

Curflste 1.6 .02 20 68 


19 66 
13 55 

15 59 
12 54 

12 54 

13 55 
12 54 

14 57 

16 64 
16 81 
16 61 





0.4 S7 

1-1 26 

Gteagoar 02 15 


Stornoway 0.1 16 

Urwiek 2.7 .11 

Wh* 2 A .06 

Kbitem 1 1 £3 

Aberdeen . .18 

St Andrews 02 .51 

Cdfo b wil h - .85 

02 28 

sunny - 



bright - 



ran . . 
doudy • 












14 57 ram 

These are Tuesday s figures 





Affix' dria 

c. etoud; d. atzzie; f. lam tg. fog; r. rski; s, sun: an. snow; t thunder 

C F 

Beirut - 



Bermuda' s 
Bffirritz e 
Borde*x- c 
Boufne . s 



Chicago’ s 
Ch'ohurah s 

C F- 

22 72 Cologne 
28-82 Cphegn 
27 81 Corfu 
a 77 Dublin 
17 63 Dabrontik 
32 90 Fere 

23 73 Funchal 
29 84 Gibraltar 
27 Si Helsinki 

28 82 Hong K 

S Abas' 

IB 66 

19 66-istaatkri 
15 39 Jeddah 
T9 66 JoTmrg- 
28 82 Karachi 
21 70 L Patinas 
' Lisbon 
15 59 Loesrae 

C -F 

c 20 68 Mejoraa 
f 17 63 Mateos 

5 80 86 Malta 

i 15 59 UoBfmo 
s 29 84 Mexico C* 
s 23 73 Mata* 

I 28 79 Mian 
f 24 75 Montraat* 
c 18 64 Moacow 
f 23 73 (Attach 

6 24 75 Nairobi 
S 27 81 Nntoa 


f 30 86 

I 28 78 N York* 
s 29 84 Mee 
a 35 95 Oslo 
s -IS 59 Parts 
s 33 91 Peking 
c-H 73 Parti 
s 21 70 " 

» .26 79 

21 70 L Angsts* s a 72 

19 66 Luxatajg C IB 66 Riod# J 

7 45 MacMd • t 28 82 RlyatSi « 41106 Zurich 
denotes Tuesday's figures ara tatsst svaiabia 

o 25 77 Salzburg 
c 11 52 Saataga* 
f 21 70 S Prado* 
f 27 81 Seoul . 
s 27 81 Sbtapor 
f 14 57 SrBwkn 
s 19 66 S ta ta/ r u 
a 24 75 Sydney 
c 19 66 Tangier 
S 26 79 Tai-mv 
s 39102 Tenerife 
« 23 73 Tokyo 
» 21 70 Toronto* 
s 26 78 Tania 

>21 TOVatoncia 
S 36 97 VancNer* 
s 14 57 Vanfoe 
s 28 82 Vienna 
C 9 48 Warn 
a 26 79 Weabton' 
c 22 72 WeTntou 

C F 
f 21 TO 
s 27 81 
f 21 70 
f 15 59 
s 23 73 
t 23 73 
r 25 77 
s 26 79 
c 22 72 
S 18 64 
e 23 73 
s 28 82 

C 23 73 
S 16 61 ‘ 
f 26 79 
C 24 75 
f 16 61 
a 27 81 
a 28 .82 
I 29 84 
s 26 79 
C 8 46 
I 24 75 


r j mr jjg 



irrest 3 

-n ‘ "/• t- 

- "ty 

-n*;. ( 
• . 5 ^ 

■ '“i 

f - 

t N * *v 


; “ 




FT 30 Share 
1340.1 (+14.1) 

1619.0<+137) "• 

Bargains ' 


USM (Datastream) . 
122.99^+0.02) l 


US Dolla r ! 

1.5015 (-0.0025) ... 

W German mark 

3.3596 (+0.0019) 

75.6 (same) ■ ‘ 

.*■— — 

TV list 

Thames Television, whose 
successes include programmes 
such as Minder and -Edward 
and Mrs Simpson, is coming 
to the market via a £91.2 
million offer for sale. 

Applications for shares, 
priced at I90p. have to be 
received by next Wednesday 
and dealings are expected , to 
- station July 2. The prospectus 
is published on pages 29 to 34. 

The Thames share option 
scheme places 2.13 million 
shares under option to a total 
of 34 people, not as stated in 
yesterday's Timer. 2.6 milfion 
options to be shared between 
Mr Richard Dunn, the manag- 
ing director, and two execu- 
tive directors. 

Tempos, page 27 

Bonus issue 

Pretax profits at John Wad- 
dingiOD rose from £5.7 million 
to £6.4 million in the year to 
. March 29 as turnover in- 
creased by 26 per cent to £98J 
million. The final dividend 
was up Ip to 13p, accompa- 
nied by a- four-for-one bonus 
issue. . 

Tempos, page 27 

Davis ahead 

Godfrey Davis, the Ford car 
dealers and residential homes 
operator, raised pretax profits 
• by 21 per cent to £4J million 
in the 12 months to the end of 
. March. Tempos page 27 

£500m project 

The United Kingdom's larg- 
est retail and leisure develop- 
ment, a £500 million, project 
of 5 million sq it, is planned 
for a former steel works site, at 
Sand well in the. West 
Midlands. .= ■ - 
Commercial Property, page28 

Wimpey plan 

George Wimpey is consid- 
ering the disposal of its 
builders' merchants subsid- 
iary. Wimpey Merchants, and 
its three operating companies, 
WW Hall. Monieilh Building 
Services and Edwards & Co 
(Lougfield) to concentrate on 
its main activities. 

Lords date 

The House of Lords case 
over the ownership of the 
Trustee Savings... Bank is 
scheduled to start next 
Wednesday and could last up 
to eight days. Sir John Read, 
chairman of the TSB, said 

Thornton goes 

Mr Robert Thornton, former- 
ly of Abbey Life and Mirror 
Group Newspapere, has re- 
signed as a director of 
Debenbams and other group 

BPCC hope 

The British Printing & Com- 
munication Corporation's re- 
sults for the first half of this 
year should be at least double 
those of the first six months of 
1985, Mr Robert Maxwell, the 
chairman, said at the an n u a l 

BM favoured 

Benford Concrete is recom- 
mending the cash alternative 
of 90p a share offered by BM, 
the construction group, after 
the withdrawal of Blackwood 
Hodge's rival bid. 

Rise in industrial output 
eases fears on economy 

‘ By David Smith 
Ecouonucs Correspondent 

Industrial output recovered 
sharply in April -from its 
winter lows. The rise, which 
comes after several- months of 
stagnant production, is a con- 
siderable relief for tbe Gov- 
ernment. quelling fears of a 
new downturn for the 

The April increase was 1.1 
percent after a 0.1 percent fell 
in March. The April index of 
production was . 110.6 
(1980=100), its highest since 
June, 1979. 

Output in the latest three 
months was 1-3 per- cent 
higher than in die previous' 
three months and 2 per cent 
up on a year earlier. But, after 
allowing for tbe depressing 
effect o! the coal strike a year 
ago, it was tittle changed on its 
1985 level. 

Manufacturing led tbe April 
rise in industrial output, im- 
proving, by 1.8 per cent and 
.equalling the index; of 104.4 
recorded in June last year. Tbe 
last time manufacturing out- 
put was higher was in March, 

However, Government stat- 
isticians gave a warning that 
the Ami! level of manufactur- 

ing output might he erratically 
high. The feet that Easter fell 
in March, for the first time 
since 1978, but that any 
immediate post-Easter holi- 
days will have been taken in 
April, has made the process of 
seasonally adjusting the fig- 
ures difficult. 

In addition, there was a 
sharp April rise in output of 
the electrical engineering in- 
dustry, which has been de- 
pressed by declining computer 
production. Computer output 
remained low in April, but 
production of other electrical 
engineering products picked 
up strongly. 

Despite tbe April recovery, 
manufacturing output in the 
latest three mouths was down 
by 0.2 per cent, and 0.5 per ■ 
cent lower than a year, earlier. 
Officials said that it was 
early to say whether man ufae- 
turing output has broken out 
of the steady declining trend 
which began after tR peak 
recorded in the second quarter 
of last year. 

Mechanical engineering is 
showing tbe most robust un- 
derlying trend. In tbe Febni- 
ary-Apnl period it was 5.7 per 
oent np on a year earlier. 
Production of motor vehicles 
and parts, in contrast, was 7.6 

per cem down on its 1985 

■ Energy output, boosted by 
electricity and gas supply; 
together with mineral oil pro- 
cessing, rose by 4.8 per cent in 
the latest three months. How- 
ever. the days when big in- 
creases in North Sea 
production boosted industrial 
output are over. 

The pick-up m manufactur- 
ing output in April has result- 
ed in a slightly better picture 
for both unit labour costs and 
productivity. Wages and sala- 
ries per unit of output were 6.7 
per cent up on a year earlier, 
compared with 8.5 per cent in 

In the three months ended 
in April unit wages and sala- 
ries were 7.6 per cent higher 
-than a year earlier, compared 
with 8.2 per cent in March. 
Even so. these figures are 
regarded in official circles as 
alarmingly high. 

Growth in productivity, 
measured by output per head 
in manufacturing, was just 0.2 
p6r cent in the 12 months to 
April, slightly better than the 
decline of 0.2 per cent in 
March. Even so, productivity 
has slipped sharply. 

US not hovering on brink 
of recession, says Volcker 

Washington (AP)— The 
chairman of the Federal Re- 
serve Board, Mr Paul Volcker, 
told the House foreign affairs 
committee yesterday that the 
United States is not hovering 
on the brink of recesaon. 

Mr Volckeris remarks came 
on a day when a downward 
revision of growth estimates 
for the first quarter suggested 
that Government hopes of -4 
per cent growth this year wifi 
not be attained. 

The-US economy expanded 
at a revised seasonally adjust- 
ed annual rate of 2.9 per cent 
in the first quarter, after 
inflation is taken into account, 
the Commerce Department 

An official said tbe econo- 
my would have to grow at a 
4.4 per cent rate over the final 
three-quarters of the year to 
reach the Administration's 4 
percent 1 986 grovsth+orecasL 

Asfced during his committee 
appearance whether the econ- 
omy was lagging and in need 
of new stimulus. Mr Volcker 
admitted that US growth had 
been slow for more than a 

He said slow growth was, in 
very large pan, due to the drag 
of the external sector on the 
domestic economy. 

With the recent adjustment 
in exchange rates, Mr Volcker 
said he hoped that factor 
would mitigate and even re- 
verse but that it may take 
considerable time for that to 

The Federal Reserve chair- 
man said monetary expansion 
was proceeding by some mea- 
sure “relatively rapidly.'' 

He again suggested Western 
Europe and Japan should- 
bolster their economic growth. 

In testimony before a House 
sub-committee, Mr Volcker 

said: “Japan and West Europe 
essentially have had no in- 
crease in imports from Latin 
America since 1982.” 

Stressing that the US should 
continue its economic growth, 
he added: “Other strong coun- 
tries with little or no inflation, 
with excess capacity and his- 
torically high unemployment, 
and with very strong internal 
positions should assume more 
of the leadership in providing 
the impetus for world 

Mr Volcker warned that 
there were strains owing to 
international imbalances, and 
he said be did not believe 
relying upon exchange rate 
changes alone promised a 
simple and easy solution to 
the imbalances, however im- 
portant it is that the 

US had now achieved a 
more competitive exchange 
rate structure. 




By Alison Eadie 

F. H. Tomkins belatedly 
claimed victory yesterday in 
its XI9Z million battle for 
Pegler-Hattersfey, the valves 
to -building products maker. 
Sir Peter Matthews, chairman 
of Pegler, phoned Mr Greg 
Hutchings, chief executive of 
Tomkins, on Tuesday night to 
concede defeat • 

Tomkins had gained control 
of 55.4 per cent of Pegler’s 
ordinary shares by 3pm on 
Tuesday, but did not dedare 
its bid unconditional until 
5.02pm, two minutes after the 
deadline according to the take- 
over code. The reason given 
was a faulty photocopier. 

Pegler’s adviser, S GWar- 
trarg, jumped on the technical 
error as a possible way of 
averting the takeover. 

Mr Hutchings yesterday 
said there were -no possible 
legal grounds for stopping his 
victory, as the acceptances 
were received well within the 
specified time. He had talks — . 
which he said went very well ~ 
with the Pegler board yester- 

The -Tomkins share price 
bounced . 17p higher to close at 
323p. • 



New York 

Dow Jones 1855JM (-10.74) 


Nikkei Dow — . 17177.07 (+101.18) 

Sydney: AO 1200-6 (+3-4) 


Commerzbank 2Q30-6 (-352) 


Paris: CAC 344.6 (-35) 


SKA General 561.60 (same) 

London dosing prices Page 35 



Sank Base: HHk 
3-month Interbank 9 ,3 «-JHS% 
3-month eligible KftK9 ,7 «- ,B si% 
*--'"1 rate 

Prime Bate 850% 

Federal Funds 6 l3 i«% 

3- month Treasury BBS 859-6.07% 
30-year bonds 


London: . wewTgjte 

£ 515015 £ SI 5015 

£: DM35596 S: DMZ2400 y 

£:5wFrZ7793 & Index: 1 16.1 

E: .Yen25O90 ECU HL64137B 

£: lndex:75.6 SO* £0.773786 . 




Natwest _ 




SC Banks 

Authority tnv 
Fr am fington . 

Scaoa Group 

— 270p 

— 740p 


— 6S4p 

romWns 323p 

wm Cook — I63p 

British Aerospace — 51 Sp 

AB Electronics 390p 

Wordptoc 66p 

Vator\Z — :~:268p 



Tesco . 

. 283p 

: 3 $* 


Mercury Jrt) 

. 304p 
■ tfl4p 




Banatr a 

Apricot i- 

Mem! Closures . 

MOP. Hrt 

..... 57p (-1 



London Firing: 

AM $33850 pm4339.l5 
dose S339JXW305O (2226.00- 


Comet $338.60338.10 - 

Lexicon fails to meet 
dividend forecast 

By Our City Staff 

Lexicon has foiled to meet 
the payout forecast it made 
when it came to Ok London 
market in December. 

The American audio equip- 
ment maker is passing the 
interim dividend, and intends 
to propose a final of 1.1 cents a 
share. The offer for sale indi- 
cated gross dividends totalling 
not less than 3.4 cents a share 
for the year to August 31, 


Lexicon shares were sus- 
pended on February 28 with 
tbe share price at U8p. The 
shares are expected to be 
relisted on Monday. 

Although Lexicon did not 
make a profits forecast at the 
time of the share issue, the 
dividend forecast was based 
on the' assumption that profits clarification 
for the year would be not less position. 

than those for the previous 

In the event pretax profit for 
the six months to February 28 
was $216,000 (£144,200), 
against $788,000 in the corre- 
sponding period. Sales were 
$4.68 million, down from 
$4.75 million, while the cost of 
research and development ad- 
vanced to SI. 05 million 

Lexicon says that results for 
the full year will reflect the 
continued heavy research and 
development spending on 
disc-based products and 
heavy competition at the low 
end of the product range. 

The London Stock Ex- 
change said that the suspen- 
sion had been at the 
company's request “pending 
ion of its financial 

to join 
the USM 

By Our Gty Staff 

Smallbone, best known as 
suppliers of top peoples' be- 
spoke kitchens, is coming to 
the Unlisted Securities Market 
by way of a placing. At 1 6Sp 
the shares are on a price- 
earnings multiple of 15.4 and 
a gross yield of 3 per cent, 
valuing the company at £9.2 

The company grew out of a 
business which restored and 
dealt in antiques, and many of 
its kitchens reflect its origins. 
It attributes success to a policy 
of designing, supplying and 
fitting the whole kitchen, its 
jealously guarded quality im- 
age. and its obsession with 
adhering to delivery dates. Is 
[985 the company decided to 
apply its formula to bedrooms 
cno bathrooms, which now 
contribute 15 per cem of its 
£10.5 million turnover. 

Smallbone began trading in 
1980. and after initial losses, 
began to show sustainable 
profits in 1984. Its profits 
have doubled in each of the 
past two years, reaching £0.7 
million in the year to February 
28. The placing wifi raise £1.5 
million for the company, en- 
abling it to strengthen the bal- 
ance sheet 

Future growth wifi come 
from existing kitchen and bed- 
room ranges, and a fourth kit- 
chen range to be launched this 
year, together with two new 
bathroom ranges. It also plans 
to apply its creative design 
talents to other rooms. 

• Borland International, a 
computer software publisher 
based in California's Silicon 
Valley, is coming to the Un- 
listed Securities Market next 
month with an offer for sale 
valuing the company at £62. 1 
million. Borland is selling 
shares worth £15.6 million, of 
which £9.5 million will be new 
money, (o fond the develop- 
ment ofils expanding range of 

A top-level insider’s guide to 
managing by the IBM book 

Biy Teresa Poole 

Buck Rodgers is in London 
this week preaching the man- 
tent gospel according to 

According to Mr Rodgers; 
the IBM secret is to make its 
staff feel important. That 
might sound naive, but the 
man who for 10 years was in 
charge of IBM’s marketing 
worldwide says: “I think the 
problem is that we have 
forgotten from a management 
view how to manage. 
' Forgotton how to make people 
feel important It sounds like 
motherhood, but that's what 
we have, got to do." 

Mr Rodgers spent 34 years 
with the company, rising to 
vice-president in charge of 
marketing, before taking early 
retirement two years ago to 
write a book on the company’s 
management and marketing 

■ It is the first IBM book to be 
written by a top-ranking insid- 
er bot “kiss and telr it is 
not. Other companies can 
learn from IBM's success, says 
Mr Rodgers, rather than its 
mistakes — not that be admits 
any. . 

The IBM way is exemplified 
by the company's three com- 
mitments devised by its 
founder Thomas J Watson in 

• The individual, must be 

• The customer must be 
given the best possible service 

• Excellence and superior 
performance most be pursued. 

Buck Rodgers 

Mr Rodgers says: “We have 
a culture. An organization 
needs to establish a creed that 
is going to guide the 

Whatthis means in practice 
is a strange cross between a 
ruthless meritocracy and en- 
lightened paternalism. 

There is no union represen- 
tation within IBM and the 
company claims never to have 
lost one day of work through 
strikes. At the same time it 
says it has never laid anyone 

there is no yearly cost-of- 
living pay rise. Instead pay 
rises for all employees arc 
based on individually assessed 
performance. “We reward suc- 
cess and penalize failure. We 
have put in place a meritocra- 
cy and we pay people on the 
basis of performance,” Mr 
Rodgers says. 

Staff turnover at IBM's 
United Kingdom subsidiary is 

about 3 per cent a year 
compared with 5 per cem in 
tbe United States. About half 
leave by choice and the rest 
are fired. 

“You've got paternalism to 
a degree, and encouragement, 
but we still expect people to 
produce," Mr Rodgers says. 

In times of restructuring 
IBM has chosen to retrain 
staff rather than ask for redun- 
dancies. About $1 billion 
(£666 million) a year is spent 
on training. 

Two areas of expenditure 
should rise 1 faster than a 
company's turnover says Mr 
Rodgers — education and 
training, and communicating 
with the staff about the com- 

“There are no secrets in the 
book. These things are com- 
monsense. The trouble is that 
people don't practise 
corn monsense.” 

Elucidating these common- 
sense principles now earns Mr 
Rodgers a tidy sura on tbe 
lecture circuit His views on 
marketing, which, judging by 
foe book, concentrate on 
training and motivation and 
are for from revolutionary, are 
in great demand. 

“A lot of people feel that 
because of IBM's size there is 
reallv not that much to be 
learned. But practising excel- 
lence has nothing to do with 
size " he says. 

The IBM Wav, Insights into 
the World’s Most Successful 
Marketing Organisation, by 
Buck Rodgers. Harper & Row. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Tories find high-speed 
election war chest 

By injecting £2.5 billion worth of 
debt into British Gas when it comes to 
the market in November, the Govern- 
ment has made sure of a steady in- 
come from the sale during the run-up 
to the next election, without putting 
too much pressure on the equity mar- 
ket. The debt is likely to be repaid in 
three tranches, after three months, 
nine months and possibly two years: 
perfect timing should money be need- 
ed to finance extra public spending or 
other eleciorally attractive measures. 

The tactic also lessens the prospect, 
terrifying to some, of Sir Denis 
Rooke's striding through the City, the 
scent of takeovers in his fiery nostrils, 
his pockets bulging, his eyes on inde- 
pendent oil companies which have 
become rich on North Sea and on- 
shore oil assets acquired when the 
Government ruled that British Gas 
should divest itself of all non-gas hold- 

While the debt, once repaid to the 
Government, will be re-placed with 
longer term commercial debt Sir De- 
nis would have preferred to come to 
the market with no debt whatsoever. 
Although he has (uncharacteristically) 
lost that particular battle be appears to 
have extracted a substantial price 
from the Government in return for 
acceding to its demands. Workers in 
British Gas, 90,000 of them, and the 
55,000 pensioners the industry has, 
will benefit from the offer of free 
shares under a scheme which is sub- 
stantially more attractive than that of- 
fered to British Telecom’s workforce. 

The offer includes an element 
which increases the number of free 

shares on offer to longer serving 
employees. By the nature of the gas 
industry it has a large proportion of 
long-serving workers and Sir Denis 
has always insisted that the workers 
should be adequately rewarded when 
the Government sold off the business. 

He also appears to have made sure 
that domestic customers, all 13 mil- 
lion of them, will be given priority 
when the shares are offered for sale. 
Details of how the customer will qual- 
ify for preferential treatment have yet 
to be announced but the British Gas 
management team has made it very 
dear to the Government that the cus- 
tomer must be allowed to buy shares 
as conveniently and simply as pos- 
sible. A voucher scheme will be intro- 
duced offering share purchasers dis- 
counts on gas bills. The corporate ad- 
vertising campaign emphasising the 
“user friedliness*’ of gas is already 

Just how friendly British Gas is 
toward its suppliers will be put to the 
test when the first annual tariff review 
comes up. The new director-general of 
Ofgas — still to be named, if not yet 
chosen — will have to be satisfied that 
gas prices from the North Sea have ac- 
tually risen if price rises of more than 
two per cent below the annual infla- 
tion rate are to be allowed. 

With electricity prices falling in real 
terms British Gas will be anxious to 
keep its prices down. While being 
friendly to its customers British Gas 
may be less so to the oil companies 
which are still queuing up to develop 
North Sea gas fields and sell their gas 
into the national network. 

A tank challenge to MoD 

Not all problems can be dealt with 
as suddenly and swiftly as George 
Younger’s indefinite postponement of 
the troublesome Royal Ordnance flo- 
tation. While privatization plans 
come and go, conflicts of interest tend 
to stay around. Whatever the Ministry 
of Defence might say about staying 
faithfiil to the competitive defence 
procurement policy, there remains a 
fiindamental conflict of interest 
whether Royal Ordnance is in public 
or private hands. 

The MoD’s mistake was to try and 
fudge the issues arising from its very 
peculiar situation. The MoD owns 
Royal Ordnance and, even under the 
new arms-length relationship, gov- 
ernment orders account for more than 
80 per cent of the company's work- 
load. It was foolish ever to pretend 
that procurement policy would not at 
the very least be under severe pressure 
in the run-up to privatization. As it 
was, a £100 million order for Chal- 
lenger tanks — which looked set to be 
awarded to Royal Ordnance without a 
competitive tender — became the 
straw that finally broke the privatiza- 
tion camel's back. 

The lessons are legion. Competition 
is admirable but can work only in 
areas where demand can support 
more than one producer. In several 
products — large calibre arms, rocket 
motors, and tank guns — Royal Ord- 

nance has a virtual monopoly. When 
it comes to tanks there is real competi- 
tion; unfortunately there is also real 
overcapacity. Were Vickers to have 
won — or to win — the (as yet unplac- 
ed) order through a tender, the Royal 
Ordnance tank factory at Leeds, and 
1 ,000 jobs, would no longer be viable. 
In such circumstances the Govern- 
ment could not have reasonably asked 
new investors to bear the substantial 
closure and redundancy costs involv- 
ed. Without the order, privatization 
could not go ahead. 

The problem nonetheless remains 
under public ownership. The MoD 
was, and is, committed to competi- 
tion. But in the narrow sense in which 
competitive tendering between British 
companies is carried out, such conse- 
quential costs as redundancies cannot 
be included in assessing rival bids. If 
the order now goes to Vickers, the 
MoD would foot the bill at Leeds. * 

Interestingly, when the MoD is 
thinking about buying from overseas 
it builds into the assessment of ten- 
ders submitted a factor to take ac- 
count of the cost of consequential job 
losses to Britain. With Royal Ord- 
nance remaining in public hands for 
the forseeable future, might this policy 
not be extended to home territory? 

The mystery is why the MoD did 
not opt for a tender for the Challenger 
contract in the first place. 

UP 13% 

One of !G*s clients 
made a £50 up 
bet on a 1325 "Wall Street 
Call Options on 1st 
October 1985 at 31 
which expired at 218 on 
Friday 2uth December 








His deposit and 
maximum loss was 

His profit was £9,350 

That's a profit of 
over 608% in just 
11 weeks 

Phone us today on 01 -8287233 and well tell vou 
how you could become that client. Or send the 
coupon lor full details. 

Betting on traded Options offer 

* No Umitto profits * High Gearing 

* losses StricUvLimited * Low Deposits 
No Tax on Profits- NO VAT. CGTOR 


I.G. Index also offerawide range of 
contracts on Commodities. Stock 
Indices, Currencies. Financial 
Futures andTraded Options on most of 
these markets. 



To: Mr. P. R. O'Neill. LG. Index Ltd.. T1M/6/S6 

9-11 GroswriorGardens. London SWT W'OBD. 

Please send me more information about I.G. Index 





it ☆ * * * <r 



New York (Renter) — Wall 
Street stocks drifted hmer 
yesterday after downward. re- 
rakra of the first-tjuarter gross 
national product to 23 per 
cent growth and of the corpo- 
rate profits to &6 per cent 

The figures fuelled scepti- 
cism about whether corporate 
profits this year could match 
expectations, traders said. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which was down six 
points to 1JB60 soon after the 

Jur Jun 
17 18 

opening, slipped farther to 
1.856.14, down 9M about tiro 
boors later. 

The transport indicator 
slipped 3J3 to 782.66, with 
the utilities average down <k55 
at 187.97 and the broader 65 
stocks average down 3^3 at 

The more representative 
Standard & Poor's 500-share 
index fell 1.14 at 243.21. 

The New York Stock Ex- 
change composite index was 
down 0.56 at 139.81. 


DuCttr 1.1039-1.1102 
Lisbon 226.23-227.72 
Maona 214.46-215^46 

The poond generally 
tracked the dollar's move- 
ments yesterday, dosing at 
1.5015 (15040) and finishing 
against the mark at 3-3615 
(3-3580). Sterling’s effective 
index ended the day at 75-6, 
unchanged on the overnight 



Jun Jun 
17 16 

Jun Jim 

17 16 

• E* •» a ««. e t» nswsooo 



7 days 6tt-6*» 
3m«h fi^ie-S 13 * 

7 days 9X-8X 
3 moth 8V8% 
French Franc 
7 days 754-7* 
3nwh 7*18-7 *«• 
Swiu Franc 
7 days 2*-l* 

3 mnth 5*-5 

7 days 4K-4K 


8 ls ia* J M 
I 6*i*/ ,s u 
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i 7W-7X 
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i 4»ia/ l >w 
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Finance Houso 10* 

Otaconk Market Lsana % 
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Weak fnsd: 9X-8* 

Traaaury BHa (Discount*) 

IK 9 U .» 2mn£ 9*ii 

3 mnth S'* 3 mnth 9*18 




G W Joymoamd Co report 

SUCMR tFmn C4 CnniAdaf 

Aug 148A4&4 

Od 1 56.4-562 

Dec 180MQJ) 

MWh 167.6-87.2 




1 ninth 2 mnth 9 M »6S 

3 mnth 6 mnth Sto-Pi: 

7>ad* BBs (Discount 1 *) 

1 mnlh lOfu 2 mnth HP* 

3 mnth TD*n Sranth 9 


1 week 1M* Bmnth BWe 

1 mnth 10-854 9 mnth 9V854 

3 mnth flT.e-9* 12mth BS-954 

Local Authority Deposlta(%) 

2 days 9* 7 days 9* 

1mnth9 n ia 3mrtfi 9°i» 

6 mnth 9% ■ I2mh 9* 


Canada — — . 

S wed e n 



West Germany 
Switzerland _ 
Netherlands __ 


Portugal — 


Austria _ 

1 .3840-1 .3870 
, 2224022250 
. 0693006937 
, 828542B75 
. 16450-16470 
. 2619026210 
. 7.1500-7.1800 
1 5326-15356 
. 76080-76060 
. 14325-14326 
_ 15J3-1S.75 



JIM 18 
qr Carta. 89.33p per *0* 
j» Jheep 176 59p per kpes: 



England and WelM: 

Cattle nos. down 132 1®. S* 8 - 
once. 10023P1-266) 

Steep nos. up 11.4' %. **. 
prtoe. 75.40p(-806) 

^MnK. down 17.1 Vws 
price. 9823p{-56Q 
Steep ntttup 276%. w». 
once. 1B728p(-5760) 

P» nos. tV» ■»».««. 

£ per tonne 

Wheel Barley 
Worth Close dose 
July 111.25 

Sept 9965 97.85 

Nov 10130 101.25 

Jan 10560 104-35 

March 107.40 10660 

Mri 10965 108.10 

Volume: __ 

Wheat -538 

Barley -.— 39 

Pig Meat 

Mnrth P ‘ P ^S? Oos. 

W 1026 1016 

Aug 1016 1006 

Sept 1066 . 1836 

OcF 1096 1H6 

Nov 1106 1112 

Jut 1012 1012 


101 0 









Ps«i Cornu It 

p. par Wo 

















Tinea Monet Staring Open 

Jun 86 9022 

Sep 86 9067 

Dec 88 9161 

Mar 87 9063 

Jun 87 — „ 9076 

Sep 87 5061 

Previous day’s tool am Interest 18966 

Three Month EsnxMsr 

Sep 86 — 9326 

Dec £6 _ 93.11 

Mar 87 9266 

Jun 87 9265 

US Treasury Bond 

Jun 86 97-17 

Sep 86 96-22 

Dec 86 96-05 

High Low Cktse Envoi- 
90S 90.17 90.19 382 

9067 90.77 90.78 2526 

9161 9066 9065 235 

9064 9060 9067 48 

90.78 9076 9074 10 

9021 9081 9069 6 

Previous day's toea open interest 17969 
9324 9324 3327 4014 

33.19 93.11 93.13 1047 

9263 9268 9269 229 

9261 9265 9269 18 

Previous day's total open interest 5428 
97-17 974B 97-11 36 

97- 17 98-10 96-22 7273 

98- 12 96-05 95-30 4 

Amy Tnat 
tag Araer 8 

B> Empire I 
Hr tax 

Owtiy tac 
Co cap 
Drayton Con 

Dayton Far EM 
Drayton Japan 
OuidM Lon 
Edto Any Anal 

Sfcrane Gen 
Engirt tal 

ErSS Scot 



Frit Scot An 
RM Un Gen 

Short G8t 

Jun 86 

Sep 88 — 
Dec 86 _ 

Sep 88 

Dec 88 

Mar 87 



sep as 

Previous day's total open interest 112B 
102-00 10200 101-57 101-83 <9 

102-04 10204 101-60 101-50 131 

N/T 0 

Previous day’s Uai open Merest 19692 
HIT 120-22 0 

121-23 12202 120-27 12028 10388 

121-11 121-11 121-07 120-21 43 

130-17 128-17 120-17 120-15 1650 

Previous day's total open Msrast 271 1 
161.10 162.4Q 161.10 1&10 424 

16460 16560 16360 18560 154 

3«5 SS « 
12* Ml 
140 108 
702 480 

154 12 a 

147 123 
182 143 
397 322 

90-7 88 
108 SB 
179 IIS 
IBS 188 
3S0 275 
143 115 

on 281 

147 127 

fl aring B iwr prtj n 327 
fun Far EM 117 

as?ssr» si 

Fkmtag MncanOt 154 
FWng Ovtrats >38 
FtariisTacli 153 

n aming UrMreal 985 
Fared 58 

GSG Cason 99 

GT Japan i7i 

Qanaal Fwxh IBB 
Gemral Gore 31* 

US 46323 

16 03... 

i a oa .. 
77 33 35.1 
U 08852 
4.7 33 418 
53b 13 803 
U 37 382 

23 22553 

SM >3-88.) 
28 23543 
2.1 1.1 743 

113 42 333 
143 43 303 

17 102 7.1 

32 13 87.7 
73 43 327 

123b 33400 

le 'd* 


24 23457 

33 22BS.1 
SJ 22643 
21 24 503 

23b 13 " 
23 17 883 
153 21 274 
13 23 53.1 

15.7 43 293 
43b 24 433 

KWmort Oarnr 
ntraorlO 'mbs 

Maccrira Sac 

Mwray •“«"» 
Moray tmt 

Moray Vtntit 
Haw Coud 
He* Damn 08 

33 17 833 

5.1 23 825 

Z4 07 ■ ■ 
83 £3 27.3 
04 25403 
154 Efi 243 
32 12 .. 
63b 24 773 
at 02 .. 
33b 25 40.1 

NOi AsanKSac 

189 15B 

82'/ 50*7 
24* 138 
S2B Z75 
31 33 ' 
356 279 
178 US 
78 86 
38 33 

42 37 
.403 338 
171 147 

288 ST8 mw-nur 
247 207 Ftaoaco 
227 181 Boanco - 
322 287 Romney 
13*i Itb Rorenta 
113 US Gt Antrim 
374 287 SaaM 
313 273 Scot American 
113 88 Scot Easam 
420 380 Scat Men: A' 
515 402 Scot MSB 
318 245- SCOT « 

STD 570 Second Ma ma 
170 138 Sac Ot Scotland 

73 67 
38>j 35 
102 82 
122 96 
228 SOI 
MM 90 
170 118 
ITT 140 

118 90b 
174 T39 
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305 237 
3© 300 
205 IS"; 
141 It2 
94 79 
265 217 
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74 60 

114 65 

210 161 
351 286 

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7R Noun a r i wm 

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Umg Secured Cap 
Tiara Ocmbs 
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-3 66 

53 396 

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247 137 
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102 73 
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978 780 
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*1.1 4.17 
*12 4.71 
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-02 275 
*02 225 
403 422 
-01 053 
405 103 
-07 1.75 
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M Oder Omg YU 

BUS out Omg YU . 

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BU DHw crag YVJ 

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379 406 
628 1732 


H w Wan . Briri BS2 0JH 
0800 373393 

Amer GrtMth 243 259 

Ewwy MWi Income 422 4S1W 

Eu r ope * n Growtfi 252 217 ' 

Generi Earn 382 41 1 

M t Fixed M Gtfi 294 313 

G*t 6 Fixed Inc 250 26.7 

Index Swum 265 272 

Jeaen GnMtn 273 207 

101. CnejpexJe. Leodwi EC2V 8EU 
01-729 1«W 

3. London WH BUgh Lcnom Wri. London 
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01-628 5181 

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Do Aeeun 2223 23628 -15 1 13 

Octal Tar me 203.6 21B.4 -0* 7 2D 

Do Aocua 2460 2605 *09 230 

Con* ft OB Inc 089 34.4* *12 5.17 

Do Aeeun 1IB2 1266* *1.4 517 

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Do Aoaan 1725 «L4 *09 435 

income Trim 1100 i2S4« *05433 

Do Accun 1243 1323* *05 433 

M Qrowdi Fd tac 1702 V815 *03 .. 

Do Accwn 1893 2012 *04 

Japan ft Cm me 792 843 *04 008 

boAccua 802 852 *08 008 

Mon** Mcana Fd 31.0 863* *03 404 

Do Accwn 
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Da Accwn 

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150 4 1600 
5A6 573 
533 572 

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5398 574.18 *108 
906 IMS *1.1 
1890 201 1 *06 

118.7 1283 *2.0 

1123 1230* *08 
333 4 3803 *53 

294 30JM * 0.1 
423 4S3 -03 

64.7 689* *13 

823 873 *02 

1141 1214 -19 

342 36.4 *02 

312 333 *01 

184.1 1353 +23 

892 35.1 -02 

980 10*9 *13 

Group Trust 
W That 

IB.- St Andrew, Sq. EtMsxgh 
031 225 2211 

W Brty 

1903 1932 
1493. 1901 
1909 1721 
2129 2272 

Bmpawu 2123 2272 


109. Vmcent St Maageri G2 5HN 
041-948 8100 

UK E quay 
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UK SriV CO B Eq 

89*100 Senrang RcL MaMtlona. Kent MEM IXX ui 
0022 874751 gfj 

MLA General 3311 3600 +02 215 01 -i 

mla Mamananni 509 539 -01 OS8 w- 

MLA at UtK 24.1 253* . . 1019 o 

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MLA European 27 4 293 -0.4 038 Sn 

Cenrai Acorn 

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2868 3050* 
44 1 489 

1623 1731 
1616 1719 
5SO 57 7* 

Grown* I nv e tan ere 2B0S 296 7 
Incorne ft Grown 403 423* 
Japanese ft PScAc M37 152B 
Wn Amor Grown 1060 1127m 
w Hecexery til 1 11 SI 

Smaaar Cos 306* 21 O 6 

akM Inc Tjt 563 594* 

Pteham DM. Dortang. Swrey 
8306 885055 
FP Bawy DM WJ 2099* 

Do Aocwn 3205 349.7* 

fp n*e mr dm 114.8 tars* 

DO Aeeun 1309 1369* 

S ta w d al rp Oat 187.5 177 B* 

Do Accun 172L9 1805* 

32. Ouowi Annas Cam. London swim sas 

Ov-222 1000 

at O soas 1323 1*1.7* * 0.1 1.70 

IBlIncPha $44 579 ..1030 

181 Carnal Grown SG4 60 1 .230 

a nOMi nenl Tat Fnd E63 702* *02 340 


20 . Fanwwen St London BC3 

01-623 8000 

Oflwn Uria 733 779 

QW ft Fuad M 1113 IMi 
MWi Income Una I >29 1200 
mSi Vrid tJG Urt 57.7 567 
km Omen UrWs 1213 1261* 
N American uw 713 753 
Far East Itans 869 SSA* 
Bmaar Cot Find 668 71.0* 

In co me Tnat 2407 2574 * 2.1 $ OS 

Grown TitBS 2223 237.4 *19 3.C3 

Amencan Tnat 1316 1413 -04 071 

HMM . Surrey RK2 88L 
orere 42«24 

Bn Fix*, a Denny 

01-383 2575 Owing 
UK Cap Fnd Inc 
Do Accun 
Incom, Fond 
Pension Ex empt 

US « General 
Teen ft Grown 
Jep*i ft Genera 
F y em ft Gen 

Germany Raid 


Ameneen Fund 
Cepri Fund 
Grown ft hk Fund 
H 0 i DA Fund 

Bne mi norel Fund 

Rsawcn Find 
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Ta*vo Fima 
|Ex| Amor Of 
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l£»l FactaO <41 
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823 992 
1293 1383 
1061 <133 
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34.7 371 
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M81 1509 
893 1028* 
2329 281.1 
1923 1086 
24.1 25.7 

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32Q 521311 

m Sq. Umbra 
01-628 9*31 
967 nos 
1360 147.8 
775 829 
1642 1720 
1572 1683 
624 868* 
713 760 
214.1 2280 
329 994 
2 233 3MB 
BC3 693 

2 Si Mery Axe. Lanoan 6C3A B BP 
01-823 1212 OaaVno 01-62) 5786 Dei 

Aroencra in® 856 1023 * 
AxariSan Tnat M 6 17 7 

Brash Tsr Accwn 56J eoj 

DO Dot S A 63 1 

Commodty 9*ra S3 1 569* 

Ewfloxon Truer 473 505 

Bros mecxne Tnat &S 433 
Far Ceram Troat 1166 1263 
Fnad unwost Fund 267 266 
Cl Truer 366 263* 

OoU Fund Accun 1606 1709 
DO Dal 1531 1629 

CWa sra That >04 no 

i—Utfl Amerrin 305 327 

High incorne Tnal 138 1 1480 
Hor -3 Kong Tnat 258 276 

ucam Find 74 5 res 

Mmnca Aaron £4656 50 14 
Jepen Tnmt 1283 1370* 

Hxnl Exempt 2676 2766 
oSft&nvr Trus* 312 335 
seen* Sa Troor 90 6 97 1 

UKrawCsRocTit res res 

Amy Grown tac 
Do Accwn 
Fond In* Ta tac 
On Accrar 
hhi Yield Inc 
Do Accun 

tat Becorory ha 

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Japan Grown Inc 
Do Aeeun 
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UK Eq Grown ire 
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683 703 
675 716 
19.7 21.1 
249 269 
1231 131.7* 
2069 2194* 
1009 1075* 
1063 1132 
923 979 
926 982 
1606 1713 
2100 2233 
27 8 296 
456 409 

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+12 231 
*10 231 
*0.7 130 
-01 057 
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01-568 2800 

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01-334 5544 

Manas 1367 1443 

33. Km WWatn SL EG4R BAS 
01-280 960 

Anar Grown 1013 1069 

DO Accra 106 7 112.4 

tki Accra 
Etropaai Grown 
Do Acorn 
Do Accra 
G* ft Fixed 

Do Aeeun 

Do MM 
DO Accun, 
Exempt Dwt 

EriiBH Accun 

1013 1083 
106 7 112.4 
502 533 
523 566 
1193 1253 
1225 1303 
247 9 2633 
40ZB 4262 
868 89 A* 
89.7 700.7* 
822 87 A* 
909 969* 
22*0 2391* 
2794 2961* 
162.9 1626 
1863 1064 - 
1*9.7 2124 
2i32 2296 
2312 2393 
3533 9642 

MRS 1804 
1175 12S.0 
1467 158.1 
1765 1878 
106.8 1169 
1516 1815 


29. Oiatara Sq. GSnisagh 
031-226 4372 

PacMc 561 801* 

WortO Ouwn 353 375* 

M American 359 375* 

Income Fima 443 453* 

European 391 403 

N Amy tac 261 260 

WttaR 313 335 

Esri tac 31.7 343* 

SCOTTISH vnoows 

PO B* 902. Edtabu^i EH16 5BU 

031-655 5000 

Pen Eq arc 2315 8464 

Do Aeeun 2865 2B3.7 

39 orr Rd. London EC1Y 2AY 
01-638 6PT1 

Amy Tech ft Gan . 1046 1 12.1 
Picric 1889 180.7 

See tooonw FM 1796 I860 

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tad Grown 27.9 as 

towon Utgin 716 796 

Smsa Co'e 392 409 

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ta ra weUBw a l taootoa 663 as 

Erapt 6489 6862 

UK General 393 3*6* 

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Eua IMdOM : 353 ' 375* 

*19 162 
-06 129 
+12 039 
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+19 251 
-05 728 
-0,1 139 
-06 068 
-06 126 
+16 063 

*03 098 
+06 137 
+03 121 
+02 4.79 
+04 099 
+05 239 
+04 153 
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+15 3.00 
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. . 055 
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01-089 2644 Bd 357 

Spstri Ms (51 475 505* 




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Do Ian 425.7 4553 

Do taLOme 81 l 664 

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+37 258 
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UK Grown Accun 8 23 977, 
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N Amman Aeeun G57 70. 1 
FvEastamAtrom 826 662 

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703 74 7* +0S 233 
822 977* *39 129 
64 1 68L4* +04 4.15 

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1825 1651 +20 331 

3249 3474 *35 391 

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52.6 662 -02 266 

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284 7 30*4 *28 601 

61.6 598 . OlO 

616 868 010 

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Do Accra. 
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2612 2764 
1832 1740 
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+62 468 
*43 438 

* 0.4 urt 

♦04 131 
+04 063 
+05 023 
♦66 .. 

EqqayTnat Aec . 3854 4146 +36 296 

N Am Tnat Aec 986 B3A -03 

Fxr E» Tnru APB 724 779 +05 071 

WA A ldxnda Bond 47.6 905 . . 764 


8P10 ,PQ 

Ainrai tac 

Do Accwn 

Exw income lac 
Do Aoeum 
Geitari UM tac 
to Accra 
GW* Fund km 
Do A«ora 

.1300 127.7 -00 137 

1245 >339 -02 107 

1135 1209 +08 490 

1326 141.1 +09 450 

1623 181.7 +16 276 

203 2946 +2r 2.73 

491 51.1 -02 841 

809 86ft -02 841 

214.3 3Z83W +14 *61 

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miss the 

' __7 Boots, the high street chem- 
ist, put in a late rise yesterday 
cjimbing 7p to 254ponmarket 
■whispers that its. new heart 
-drug, Ftosequman. was about 
yja go into production two 
jj ^fears ahead of schedule. - 
i \ . The-new drug developed to 
'l contend with heart congestion 
t jand Mood pressure is current- 
* ly on trial in both die United 
Stales and Britain and- could 
provide -a big boost to Boots's 
-•profits at the. end of the 

\ ' But last night a spokesman 
' jpr Bools said that the stock 

By Michael Clark 

The company’s broker, 
Kleinwort Grieveson, was be- 
lieved to have arranged a visit 
by a group of fond managers 

1 Still - awaiting the outcome 
of. . the. Monopolies 
. Commission’s inquiry mto 
the bid by GEC .shares of 
Plessey jumped 10p to 236p. 
Several of the Plessey direct 
tors met with broker 

Scrimgeour Vickers yesterday. 
Scmngeour was unavailable 

Qnflter Gooduou,,fhe broker, 

is* arranging a seminar for 
investors covering all aspects 
of the options market on July 
7- Admission is. free and the 
i'-siddience will have the oppor- 
‘ -tnirity of plying up and down 
"'the river Thames on a rive r- 
-boat listening to speeches from 
"'The London Bosmess School, 
"The Stock Exchange, .liffe 
, "-and the Philadelphia Options 
f Exchange. • 

. (nqrfcel had got its wires 
a ; grossed. Tf all the trials' arid 
; registrations go according to 
* plan, the earliest we can expect 
l nosequinan to go into pro- 
; duction is 1988/89.” he said. 

At present, one eminent US 
' cardioligisl is about- to pro- 

- dues a paper on the drug 
; following intense research into- 
: its effects on heart congestion. 

- Bui it is still some way off 
...before the US Federal Drug 
; Administration gives' the go- 

ahead for the drug to be 
: 'marketed over (here. 

The rest of the equity 
'market extended its recent 
‘rally with selective buying 
- • It now looks as though the 
, recent fund raising excercises 
; by National Westnrinster and 
the Prudential Corporation 
have been succesfufly ab- 
sorbed by the institutions and 
ymw some spare cash is start- 
ing to flow bade into foercstof 
_ the market. 

The buyers were singling . 
*x>ui blue chips for attention 

■ yesterday which was clearly 
reflected in the FT 30-sharc 

■ index which dosed 14. 1 tip at 
7*1.340.1. The broader based - 

FT-SE 100 index rose . 13.7 to 
. close at 1,619.0.. 

But with sun no sign of lhe 
‘.expected cut in bank base 
l rates gilts started tor Tpse 
1 ground. Losses- at the longer 
! end of the market extended to . 


for comment GEC was up 2p 

Speculative buying lifted 
FvUud Textile ‘A’ lip to 
148p, after 150p. amid talk of 
a -possible bid, or re-raiing of 
the shares. Laing & 
Cruickshank, the broker, is 
reponed to be a bigbuyer. . 
Stores group Stylo failed to 
- respond to suggestions that 
Mr Arnold Ziff) the chairman, 
was rea dy to loosen his grip on 
the company. Stylo has often 
been tipped as a takeover 
target A coupje of years ago it 
fought off an approach from 
Sir Ptrifip' Harris’s Hams 
Queensway. Stylo’s compli- 
cated voting structure makes 
it a difficult target The shares 
lost 5p at 233p. . 

-Exco International, the 
money broker and financial 
services group, finned 3p to 
227p after learning that the 
Malaysian 'businessman. Tan 
Sri Khoo Teck, had torch tan 
extra 500,000 shares for ait 
undisclosed price. This takes 
his total bolding in thecompa- 
ny up to 64.45 million stores, 
or around 28 per cent ■ 
Guardian Royal Exchange 
has also been increasing its 
.'holding in the' Rank 
Organs* tion and now speaks 
for H36 million shares, or 
5.63 per cent of the votes. 
Rank dosed unchanged at 
51 9p. 

The. boom in endowment 
mortgages is turning out to be 
good news for the fife insur- 
ance companies which contin- 
ued to ' extend their nm 
yesterday. Prudential Corpo- 
ration led the way with a 27p 
leap to 8!4p, followed by 
Britannic Assurance 12p to 
8$4p, Equity & Xaw 5p to 
255p, l^al k GeneralSp to 
258p, London & Manchester 
Group lOp tol96p, and Pearl 
Assurance lOp .to £13.96., 
Building societies such as 
the Halifax daira that 70 ger 
cent of mortgages, pow bemg 
issued are endowment and it 
is reckoned to be uismg aflits 

over £16. _ _ 

■ Overnight support from existing borrowers with repays 
•Wall Street boostodWeBcome mem mortgages to convert to 
} 8p to 201p and Jaguar 12p to 
: 525p. 

■ Laura Ashley was also bring 
t singled oui by New York 
‘ investors 7p dearer at. 20 5p. 

an endowment mortgage Fur- 
foer cuts in foe mortgage rate 
are expected - to result in 
increased business 
Elsewhere among the finan- 
cials. foe big four high street 



Accord Pubgasp) 

Arfngtoo fit 

■£S< yri 

BSck (147p\ 

" ■ n<J (60p) 


Br Island 
Brodero ( 
Cterka Hooper 


: Dean a 




FieMs (MRS) f1< . 
i Guthrie Carp P80j 
Haggas (J) (I40p) 

■ Hodgson (85p) 
■Jury'S Hotel fli5p) 
,;Lopex |145p) 
Monotype (57p) 
P-E Inti (1G6p) •• 


205 +7 
' 141 
. .153 
' 154 


Savage fl 
Task Force , 

Tech For Bus 

Templeton {21 

Tip Too D 

Westtwy {r . 
Worcester fll 


Xmart NIP 
Cater Aten RP 
CWforts Mies 









Hve Oaks . 

Friendly Hotels Up 
Garrard up 
Lap Up . . 

Molymc Up . 

Nat West Up ■ 

UeH 8 Spencer Up 
Prudential F/P . 
(Issue price jn brackets). 








- 45 
290 +20 





Mam ft Coogjany 


RpGI . . . ‘ . 


. *■ 

citibank Savings! 


. : 


Continental Trust- 






Hong Kong ft Shanghai- 





Nat Westnnster ; 

Royal Bank of Sto9andr~ 







Citibank NA : 

f Mortgage Base Bate. 

. 10110 % 

in cash call 

Antofagasta Hokfings is 
raisifig £4.85 minion ina one- 
for-six rightsissne at 470p per 
foare. .Th& issue-- has been 

‘ In order to increase the 
marketability, of the shares, 
the XuJcsic group under the 
control of the chairman of 
Antofagasta, 1 Mr A A Liiksic, 
whose interests fetal 853 per 
cent of Antofagasta, will not 
be iaking up its rights to 
914,458 share*. - ‘ 

Luksic Group’s interests 
will be reduced to '733 per 
ceni after the issue. 

Lookers pic 

Car, truck and agricultural 
machinery distributors. , . 

Interim results for the half year 
ended March, 1986 femodited} 

- 1986 

- 7985. 

r £000 





; profit before Taxation ' . 


■ 1007!. 

Profit after Taxation . ' 



; ft Interim Dividend Increased by 25% to 2.0p per share. •; 

Lookers pic 

.776 Chester Road, Streiford. 
Manchester M320QH 

clearing banks enjoyed a brisk 
start to trade, but failed to 
hold their best levels. National 
Wes tmins ter, at one Stage 
spurted to 504p with all foe 
indicators suggesting that last 
month's huge £600 million- 
plus rights issue will now be 
taken up. The chartists are 
also lipping the stores as a 
buy. The price dosed 20p 
dearer at 494p. Lloyds Bank 
firmed 3p to 357p. after 362p. 
while Barclays on 492p, and 
Midland on 529p both pin on 

Shares of Pe^er-Hattersley 

Jobbers ware put on the rack 
yesterday as the buyers came 
hi for Great Universal Stores 
ord pushing the price 75p to 
£1238 in a thin market. Once 
a gain there is. talk of enfran- 
chising the two tier voting 
system with details being an- 
nosneed later, today. Hopes 
are high that a foil bid could 
follow. GUS was unavailable 
for comment. 

leapt 50p to 652p as the near 
£200 million bid from Mr 
Greg Hutchings’s . FH 
Tomkins went unconditional 
despite the drama of a last- 
minute hitch. Tomkins cele- 
brated with a rise of 17p to 

Delta Group rose another 
3p to 209p as dealers contin- 
ued to discount the group's 
involvement in South Africa. 
Its subsidiary. Manganese 
Metals, which produces more 
than 50 per cent of foe world's 
manganese supplies, should 
remain unaffected. 

Oil blow 
to Hawker 

.. By Our City Staff 

The fall in foe price of oil 
has affected Hawker 
Siddeley’s diesel engine busi- 
ness but other sectors .are 
bolding up weU, the chairman. 
Sir Peter Baxendefl, told the 
annual meeting yesterday. 

. He said foal foe group wifi 
undoubtedly be affected by 
uncertainty regarding the 
price of oiL 

In the longer terra, a reduc- 
tion in oil price, if maintained, 
should to helpfuL In the short 
term, many of foe Middle East 
markets have made drastic 

Sir Peter, reasonably 
confident about 1986 
cuts in their imports and 
curtailed development 

The counterbalance of en- 
hanced trading prospects with 
countries benefiting from low- 
er energy costs has yet to work 

The reduction is Middle 
East markets is already show- 
ing in the order books,' espe- 
cially in the diesel engine 

The company tos yet to see 
i£ as Sir Peter suspects, foe 
current situation represents an 
instinctive overreaction to the 
reduction in oil income, which 
will to partially rectified on 
closer study by Middle East 
countries . of their import 


Chloride makes slow recovery 

So much of British industry 
has responded to the shock 
treatment of cost cutting, 
rationalization, and the dis- 
posal of unprofitable busi- 
nesses that foe success of 
these measures is assumed to 
be almost guaranteed. Not so- 
at Chloride, or at any rate not 

To be fair, the chairman Sir 
Mich ael Edwardes gave 
warning at the interim stage 
that second-half profits were 
unlikely to be better than foe 
comparable period last year, 
and if exceptional redundan- 
cy costs of £8.1 million are 
stripped out, yesterday’s pre- 
liminary results woe no 
worse than expected. 

Chloride reported a pretax 
profit of £0.5 million, for foe 
year to March 3 1 . compared 
wgfo^ £14.9 million in the 
■previous year. Turnover 
from continuing operations 
was down 4 per cent to £274 

There is a case to argue that 
the unhappy shareholder's 
misery could end soon. Hav- 
ing disposed of its US opera- 
tions. and taken a knife to its 
top-heavy cost structure, in- 
cluding halving its head- 
office staff and moving the 
rest into a smaller office. 
Chloride is now out of the 
opoating theatre and sitting 
up in the recovery room. The 
question is, when will the 
patient be able to get out of 
bed and walk. 

If foe underlying business 
stands sfifl in 1986-7, Chlo- 
ride should be able to an- 
nounce a pretax profit of £1 8 
million, a £17.5 million im- 
provement made up of costs 
saved of £6 million, interest 
charges lower by £2 million 
and the absence of 
exceptionals and losses from 
divested businesses of £8 
million and £1.5 million 

There is still no dividend in 
sight, but at 46p a share. 

Chloride is standing on a 
prospective rating of about 
8J. Hardly a growth multi- 
ple. but Chloride tos still to 
prove that it can overcome 
problems of overcapacity in 
the automotive battery mar- 
ket and show convincing 
growth in its other 

John Waddington 

The ripples from the US 
bombing raids on Libya end 
up on strange shores. One 
beneficiary is Comet Prod- 
ucts, the US plastic cups 
maker bought by John Wad- 
dington last year. Comet is 
apparently doing rather well 
as stay-at-home Americans 
lake more picnics. 

Mr Victor Watson, 
Waddington's chairman, 
hopes for even better things 
from Comet, particularly 
when^ it starts making 
Waddington’s polyester food 
trays in September. These 
oven-io-table plates have al- 
ready ‘made an impact in 
Britain, with Bird's Eye the 
latest large customer. 

Other parts of foe group 
also make Mr Watson strong- 
ly bullish for foe current year, 
which he says has starred well 
up on budget. Business forms 
and paper packaging should 
both do weU. while foe print- 
ing division is busy running 
off the royal wedding stamps 
for 22 countries. Heavy tele- 
vision advertising is also 
helping sales of 
Waddington's famous games. 

Last year, Mr Watson said, 
was one of consolidation. 
Pretax profits to March rose 
as expected from £5.7 million 
to £6.4 million, while a higher 
lax rate cut earnings per share 
by some 1 0 per cent to S2p. 

The main problem was foe 
Canadian games offshoot 
which suffered as the quiz 
games craze faded. The pros- 
pect of closure was avoided 

by diversifying into statio- 

Mr Watson’s bullishness 
caused some analysts to 
upraie 1986/87 profit esti- 
mates to £10.5 million. This 
puts the shares on a very 
reasonable prospective earn- 
ings multiple of 1 1, even after 
they rose 40p to 85(h) 

A 1 3p final dividend. 1 p up 
on last year, is planned along . 
with a four-for-one tonus 

Godfrey Davis 

The decision by Godfrey 
Davis to reduce its depen- 
dence on Ford car sales looks 
increasingly astute 

The current level of dis- 
counting is fierce — Godfrey 
Davis is allowing up to 16 per 
cent on new models, rivals 
probably more — and. with 
vast overcapacity throughout 
foe European motor industry, 
prospects of any uplift in 
maisins. look highly unlikely. 

Results for foe year ended 
March 31 illustrate bow the 
group's wings have spread 
into more dependable and 
profitable concerns. 

Pretax profits showed a 21 
per cent increase to a record 
£4.5 million. A final dividend 
of 3p a share makes a total of 
4.5p compared with 3.75p. 

Godfrey Davis's contract 
hire side and foe Ford main 
dealerships are contributing a 
total of £3.3 million at foe 
operating level, with contract 
hire now making as much 
money as the dealerships. 

While second-hand car 
sales, fed from foe contract 
hire business, remain buoy- 
ant. foe chairman Cecil 
Redfem is extremely cau- 
tious about prospects for the 
new car market. 

But there are other attrac- 
tions as Godfrey Davis in- ' 
creasingly offers a property 
profile to foe stock market. 

Its chain of 24 residential 
parks, providing more than 
3.000 homes, are generating a 
rising proportion of operating 
profits — £1.6 million against 
£1.3 million — with minimal 
overheads. Coupled with the 
move into renting portable 
cabins, £1.3 million this time 
round, there is now a case for 
seriously reassessing the 
company’s motor image. 

It would be unwise to 
anticipate foe same growth in 
foe present year. 

Bui the market’s percep- 
tion of Godfrey Davis is 
probably due for a reassess- 
ment and. while there is no 
suggestion of a bid — Mr 
Redfeam controls 30 per cent 
of the company — the shares, 
up 4p at 1 18p look safe- 

Thames TV 

Thames Television's offer 
for sale price at 190p is 
considered in the City to be 
reasonable value. Assuming 
foe stock market stays rea- 
sonably firm foe issue should 
command a premium. 

Thames is foe premier 
stock among TV companies 
because of its high advertis- 
ing revenue, strong overseas 
sales and extensive pro- 
gramme library. Its rating, 
however, is in line with foe 
sector and its prospective 
yield of 7.04 per cent at foe 
offer price of 190p. is gener- 

Investors should to aware 
of the risks, which 
includenon renewal of foe 
franchise in 1988. It is a risk 
worth taking, as foe astute 
Michael Green of Carlton 
Communications thought 
when he made his bid. The 
immediate future is altogeth- 
er encouraging, with pretax 
profits this year expected to 
exceed £17 million giving a 
prospective multiple of under 

Prospectus, pages 29 to 34 

This month the long-established Berry 
Pacific Fund Ltd changed its name to the GT 
Berry Japan Fund Ltd, reflecting the vital role 
that GT has played in managing the portfolio 
since the fund was launched in 1970 and the 
fact that it has been invested solely in Japan 
since 1981 

Over the years this large and well estab- 
lished fund- some US$300 million in size -has 
shown above average performance measured 
in many currencies. Since launch in 1970 the 
fund has shown a cumulative appreciation of 
1557% in dollar terms and 2468% in sterling 

The June 1986 issue of Money Manage- 
ment confirms the fund as the best performing 
ofishore fund investing in Japan over the last 
7 years (the longest period reported) in terms 
of sterling converted ofishore funds. 


GT has long been a specialist in Japanese 
investments. Its Tokyo based managers have 
the kind of local research and market intelli- 
gence that is simply not available to fond 
managers based in the UK. 

GT has been monitoring the Japanese 
economy for the past fifteen years, identifying 
changing investment trends, and anticipating 
investment opportunities as these have moved 
from mass produced goods through elec- 
tronics and other high quality exports to the 
forecast upsurge in domestic demand 


With the decline in oil and other com- 
modity prices and the Yen at record levels 
against the US Dollar, Japanese import costs 
have been falling rapidly. The Japanese auth- 
orities are starting to deregulate the economy 
and financial system and companies with a 
strong domestic business base now represent 
a new and rewarding prospect 

The managers of GT Berry Japan Fund 
have moved decisively to reposition the port- 
folio to take advantage of these new trends. 
They have not responded by creating new 

With more than £ 3 billion under manage- 
ment round the world, GT is one of the UK’s 
largest independent investment groups. In 
Japan and the Far East alone, GT handles in 
excess of £1 billion for its clients. With the 
strength of its local expertise and wealth of 
experience of the Japanese stock markets GT 
is strongly placed to ensure that the GT Berry 
Japan Fund continues to provide a healthy 
return to the long term investor. 

Please send me further details of 
GT Berry Japan Fund Limited. 

Tb: Julie Fallaize, GT Management Guernsey Ltd, 
EO. Box 366, Hirzel Court, St Peter Port, Guernsey, 
Channel Islands. 



□ If you are a US citizen please tick the box. 

This advertisement does nor constitute anofier of shares in the Fund. 
Applications for shares may onlv be madron thebosisofrhe current 
exfjanatory memorandum of foe Fund, which contains lull details 

about the Fund. 

T/6/86 5- 



New firm plans to refine 
ideas on securitization 



tailored to appeal to • 

called in workers and consumers 

By Judith Hnntley 

Morgan Grenfell Laurie, ihe 
organization formed by the 
merger between Morgan 
Grenfell, the merchant bank, 
and Michael Laurie & Part- 
ners. the estate agent, is work- 
ing on its own vehicle for 
selling securities in commer- 
cial property. 

The MGL version is 
thought to consist of selling 
securities in debt rather than 
equity, but the firm is still 
working on its ideas. 

They are likely to be a 
refinement of the concept of 
securitizing commercial prop- 
erties, launched by Goldman 
Sachs and Baring Brothers last 
week with the sale of BiUinps- 

S ite, the £79 million office 
u tiding owned by S&W 
Berisford in the City of 

The sale of securities in 
large and expensive offices 
and shopping developments is 
likely to be the way forward 
for bringing liquidity to an 
illiquid market. Bui the exact 
nature of the investment vehi- 
cles on offer will change if this 
market in Britain takes off 
There would be merit in 
Goldman Sachs and MGL 
working together and being 
involved in what is funda- 
mentally the same market, 
even if the detail of their 
respective offerings differ. 

There are those in the 
property industry who are 
concerned that too many play- 
ers in the field, keen to 
promote their own brand of 
■securitization or unitization. 

Otefu- 'L&iWHi 

Greycoat Construction's £3.8 million refurbishment of 27 
Leadenhall Street in the City of Loudon is now complete. 
Our picture shows the post modern feel of the marble-dad 
entrance hall, which was designed by the Rotfe Judd Group 
Practice. The 50,000 sq ft building is now on the market 

will result in fragmentation 
and the failure of tentative 
steps to set up new investment 
opportunities for commercial 

Talks are thought to be 
under way between Goldman 
Sachs and MGL about their 
mutual involvement in the 
securities market for commer- 
cial property. 

The deep discount bonds 
issued by Baring and 
Goldman Sachs for Billings-' 
gate have been placed, and on 
Friday were trading at par 
with the market, which had 
improved since the terms of 
the placing were announced. 
The closing date for the plac- 

ing of the preference shares is 
next Tuesday, a testing time 
for the underwriters. 

So far interest has come 
from smaller British pension 
funds and private investors as 
well as buyers from the Far 
East and Europe. And it will 
be interesting to see if Samuel 
Montagu, Billingsgate's mer- 
chant bank tenant, buys secu- 
rities in the building. 

The final version of the 
vehicle for selling Billingsgate 
emerged after several months 
ofhard talking. It was original- 
ly conceived as the sale of 
securities in the debt on the 
building, but changes in the 
budget altered that, and the 

mixture of debt and equity 


S&W Berisford and London 
& Edinburgh Trust, the joint 
developers, had looked at 
alternative ways of selling the 
scheme. In the end Berisford 
bought LET'S stake in the 
development and went ahead 
on its own with the 
securitization of the new 

The Coal Board Pension 
Fund made a cash offer of £74 
million for Billingsgate, but 
this was after deducting the 
cost of a rent-free period to 
Samuel Montagu. 

The effective price offered 
by the Coal Board was £78 
million, a figure only £1 
million below that put on the 
scheme by Debenham Tewson 
& Chinnocks, the firm called 
in to give an independent 
valuation for the parties in- 
volved in the securitization. 

The market will be looking 
closely at the success or other- 
wise of the Billingsgate sale. A 
number of high quality, ex- 
pensive City offices are sitting 
on developers’ books at 
present, largely funded with 
short-term construction fi- 
nance and non-recourse loans. 

These, like Billingsgate, 
have to be re-financed. Hence 
the pressure for a new form of 
investment medium with 
which to sell them. 

It remains to be seen how 
many investors will be tempt- 
ed by the prospect of putting 
their money into securities 
backed by commercial 

£5 00m plan for lookalike mall 

• Color Properties, the 
company owned by the 
KoEodotschko family, 
which has 7 million sq ft of 
commercial property in 
Germany, is aiming to build 
tire British version of 
Canada's West Edmonton 
Mall shopping and leisure 
centre, the biggest In the 

The she chosen for this 
ambitions project — the devel- 
oper plans a £500 million 
S3 million sq ft retail and lei- 
sure scheme — is SandweU 
in the West Midlands. 

Color Properties is act- 
ing jointly with SandweO 
Council, which owns the 
110-acre she, a former steel 
works. The developer in- ~ 
tends to build an equal 
amount of retail and lei- 
sure space, a concept as yet 
untried in this country. 

It is hard for those who 
have not seen the enormous 
West Edmonton Mall to 
envisage bow such a project 
would look, bat Color 
Properties says there wfi] be a 
five-acre water park, an ice 
rink and multi- screen cine- 
mas. The financing of such 
a venture could lead to new 
forms rtf development 
funding being sought Color 
says that several banks, in- 
cluding foreign ones, are in- 
terested in the 

development It is certainly 
too expensive an operation 
to be funded in the conveo-' 
tional institutional fashion. 

The developer is looking 
for aid to restore the derelict 
site and to put in the infra- 
structure, hot it says that oth- 
erwise the scheme will be 
commercially viable. 

The Edmonton centre is 
being re-financed through a 
privately placed long-term 
mortgage secured on the mafi. 
The proceeds are being 
used to repay variable rate 

The paper is being of- 
fered to Canadian institutions 
with titepossibOhy that 
some US and Japanese inves- 
tors may participate;- 

Cookf this point the way for 
funding a scheme tike 
Sandwefl Mail? 

• Tarmac Brookgiade - 
Properties is expanding its 
plans for offices, apart- 
ments and amenities at Heron 
Quays la London's Dock- 
lands from 600,000 sq ft to 1.5 
million sq ft oa the 
strength of demand for space 
in the enterprise zone. The 
letting agents are Hillier 
Parker, Leslie Lintott & 
Associates and Clapshaws. 

The London Docklands 
Development Corporation and 
the Port of London Au- 
thority have given a planning 

brief to four developers for 
North Quay, a seven-acre site 
also in the enterprise zone. 
The corporation, responsible 
for regenerating 5,000 
acres of redundant docldaad, 
will expect firm financial 
offers to accompany the 
developers* proposals. 

The four in the running 
are Galleria Development 
Company (consisting of 
Blackwell GT, National Leash- 
ing and Finance and Sir 
Robert McAIpine & Sons), 
Town & City Properties, 

ARC Properties with Boris, 
and Rosehaugh. The 
800,000 sq ft office, retail and 
residential scheme could 
cost about £150 million. 

• The Law Commission is 
proposing radical changes to . 
the Landlord and Tenant 
Act to remove a hangover 
from feudal times which 
imposes liabilities on botfi the 
original tenant and land- 
lord even after a lease has 
been assigned. 

In the words of Mr 
Trevor Aldridge, the Law 
Commission chairman: 

“What cooes as a consider- 
able surprise, and some- 
times a painful shock, to some 
people who have been ten- 
ants is that, even after they - 
have patted with the prop- 
erty, they continue to have a 
responsibility to ensure 

that the lease obligations are 

This could mean that a 
tenant in a shopping centre 
assigns his lease to anoth- 
er trader just before a rent re- 
view. The review comes 
through with a hefty increase 
in rent. If the second ten- 
ant then becomes bankrupt, 
the orginal tenant is liable 
for all the lease obligations, 
including the mneb in- 
creased rent 

It is this liability which 
die Law Commission hopes to 
remove from the Act unless 
it is fair and reasonable for it 
to continue. 

Mr Steven FogeL a part- 
ner in Titnrass, Sainer & 
-Webb,-the law firm and a - -- 
member of the Law 
Commisskm-’s working’ 
party on the subject, known as 
the privity of contract prin- 
ciptevSayst^The trouble with 
this law is that most peo- 
ple don't know about it or . 
don't think about it imc3 
they get bitten. When it bites 
it nsnally bites hard.” 

The Law Commission is 
asking the property industry 
for its views on the plan to 
remove this liability from the 

Mr Foget says: “If the 
public wants a change it 
should stir itself otherwise 
privity will go on quietly se- 
lecting its future victims.” 

by Ridley 

Capital & Counties and Town 
& City Properties have had 
their rival applications for the 
development of a million sq ft 
of shopping space at Thur- 
rock, Essex, caDed in by Mr 
Nicholas Ridley. Secretaiy of 
Stale for the Environment. 

Capital & Counties, for one, 
hopes that any inquiry into 
the proposals will be limited 
in scope and that it .will deal 
only with the merits of the 
competing schemes. 

So for' there has been no 
indication on the range of the 
inquiry, to be conducted by 
the Department of the Envi- 
ronment, nor on the length of 
time involved before a deci- 
sion is made. 

Unlike some plans for big 
out-of-town shopping centres, 
the schemes by CapCo and 
Town & City Properties, part 
of the Peninsular and Oriental 
Steam Navigation Company, 
are not in the green belt. 

The decision on which — if 
either- of the schemes will go 
ahead is likely to rest on 
arguments about the impact 
on the environment, on near- 
by shopping facilities and the 
merits of out-of-town versus 
town centre retailing. 

Thurrock district council is 
in favour of CapCo’s £100 
million scheme, which in- 
volves just over one million sq 
ft of shopping space around a 
lake on a site owned by 
Pearson, the owner of the 
Financial Times and half of 
Lazard Brothers, the mer- 
chant bank. 

Town & City’s plans are for 
the redevelopment of a former 
cement works west of the M25 
and which it has owned for 
some time. It wants to provide 
1.3 million sq ft of shopping, 
leisure and recreation space. 

Not only will the CapCo 
and Town & City schemes 
have to contend with the 
Secretary of State's decision, 
but another competitor ar- 
rived on the scene this weekin 
the guise of Blue Circle Indus- 
tries and Shearwater, the retail 
subsidiary of Rosehaugh. 

It revealed plans to trans- ! 
form a quarry into a 1.5 
million sq ft shopping and 
leisure development close to 
the M25 at Dartford, Kent' 
However, this Blue Circle- 
Shearwater scheme will test 
Mr Ridley's policies for the 
green belt as weH-as those-on 

But' the Government has 
unveiled its view on the' Use 
Gasses Order, which is to be 
changed' to - allow “for more- 
flexible uses in commercial 
properties. - -- 

The British. Property Feder- 
ation, which has b<*n pleading 
the cause of increasingly flexi- 
ble use classes, has tod little 
lime to digest the impact of 
tiie Government’s proposals. 

Mr Ron Denny of the 
federation said;” We want to 
study the' impact on existing 
schemes, but it makes a lot of 
sense to have a* flexible use 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

The privatization of British 
Gas in the autumn — probably 
in mid-November after the 
Stock Exchange has absorbed 
the effects ofbig bang —will be 
tailored to make sure em- 
ployees, former employees 
and domestic gas consumers 
will apply to become share- 

Details announced yester- 
day by the Energy Secretary 
Mr Peter Walker, wifi, he 
hopes, encourage millions of 
people to become sharehold- 
ers for the first time. 

He said: “The British Gas 
offer will bring within reach of 
everyone the chance to share 
in the fortunes of a major and 
successful enterprise. Details 
ofthe special arrangements for 
share purchase we shall be 
(making available to small in- 
vestors will be announced at a 
later stage. 

“These will indude arrange- 
ments for domestic gas^ con- 
sumers who register their in- 
terest in advance to purchase a 
guaranteed allotment of 

“The provisions marie a 
further step towards realizing 
an historic opportunity which 
will be good, not only for gas 
consumers and those who 
work in the industry, but for 
the millions of members of the 
public who will be able to own 

Under the details announc- 
ed for employees and pension- 
ers to buy shares — the details 
of how consumers will be 
given p referential treatment 
•will be given in the final pros- 
pectus — each of the 90,000 
employees will be eligible for 
free shares worth £70 plus £2 
for each year of service. In 
addition the Government will 
provide two free dares for 
each share bought by an em- 
ployee up to a maximum of 
£300 of free shares for £150 
purchased. It will also be open 
to employees to purchase up 
to £2,000 worth of shares at a 
discount of 10 per cent 

For British Gas pensioners 
there will be a free offer worth 
around £75 and pensioners 
and employees will be able to 
apply for additional shares on 
a priority basis. 

The costs of this will be £54 
. million if every employee. 

takes up bis maximum entitle- 
ment and £3.75 million for the 
shares which will be given to 
the 55,000 pensioners. This 
means each employee will be 
given up to £600 worth of 
shares, compared with a maxi- 
mum of £470 which was given 
to British Telecom employees. 
British Telecom pensioners 
did no.t qualify for free shares. 

The other major dement of 
the privatization announced 
yesterday is the finalization of 
the regulatory* formula con- 
trolling prices which was an- 
nounced in December. Under 
the formula the tariff price 
ceiling set by the formula has 
two main components: the 
Retail Price Index minus X 
dement which is similar to the 
British Telecom price control, 
and the Y dement which 
represents the raw material 
cost of gas. 

The Government has decid- 
ed to set the X element for the 
the first five years of the for- 
mula's life at 2. This means 
the element of the charge to 
tariff customers — all domestic 
consumers and small industri- 
al users — covering the deliv- 
ery of gas is held at a level 2 
per cent below the rate of in- 
flation. • 

Mr Walker said yesterday 
that X had been set at 2 to 
provide a continuing, incen- 
tive for British Gas to contain 
costs directly within its con- 
trol and to ensure that custom- 
ers participate in the benefits 
of cost containment The for- 
mula will set a demanding dis- 
cipline for the company to 
meet while leaving opportuni- 
ties for profit-oriented man- 
agement to work for better 
performance, Mr Walker said. 

The formual will be policed 
by the director general of 
CHgas, whose appointment is 
likdy to be announced by the 
the time the iegilzation to 
privatize British Gas is given 
Royal Assent when Pariiar 
ment rises for the summer re- 

The pricing formula will not 
apply to bulk contracts, where 
the . Government • believes 
competitive factors between 
gas. electricity, ofl and coal 
will help keep prices down in 

The Y element in the pric- 
ing formula is the proportion 
orBritisii Gas's costs which re- 
flect the price it pays the 
North Se3 oil companies tor 
its natural gas supplies, a price 
regarded as a commercial sec- 
ret-The X element in the pric- 
ing formula rep resen ts all 
other operating costs and, 
being limited for five years to 
ihe Government-set levcL ef- 
fectively prevents British Gas 
from cross-subsidising ineffi- 
cient sectors of is operations 
simply by increasing the price 

The other factor announced 
bv Mr Walker yesterday which 
will effect the City's attitude to 
tiie offer is the announcement 
that the new company’s bal- 
ance sheet will contain debt 
and equity. The Government 
has decided the debt element 
will be fixed at £2.5 billion, 
which it says will ensure a 
properly balanced capital 
structure while leaving full op- 
portunity for development 
and growth. 

The Gas Bill provides the 
necessary powers for the Gov- 
ernment' to assume responsi- 
bility for the existing British 
Gas Corporation 3 per cent 
guaranteed stock, which re- 
lates to liabilites incurred 
during nationalization in 
1948. This will be transferred 
to the National Loans Fund, 
which will assume liability for 
the service and redemption of 
the Stock. There will be no 
compensatory payment into 
the NLF to balance this liabil- 
ity, which wtS be met from the 
Consolidated Fund. 

The Government had also 
decided that the gas levy will 
remain in force at 4p a therm 
for another five years. The 
Jew. which provides £504 
million a year to the Treasury, 
was introduced to cover those 
gas fields which did not pay 
petroleum revenue tax. In five 
years’ time those fields will be 
nearing the end of their lives, 
with most gas supplies coming 
from fields which incurr PRT. 
In theory the Government 
could then- raise the levy to a 
level which would still pro- 
vide around £500 million an- 
nually, but this is thought to 
be politically unlikely. 


-*i * > t 

i ; 

V -■ * 



VICES: Second interim divi- dead 8 percent, making 12 per 
dend IQp, making T4p (IfJ. cent (10) for year to March 31. 
Figures in £000 Tor year ended . Figures ih millions. Profit be- 
March 29.- Turnover ' 50,710 fore interest and tax 39^ <26.8), 
(44.172). pretax: profit -On =prw - interest-! 8!8 -(15). profft before 
dinary activities-A32& (3,012k — tax- 2M (ILSL-tax- 4.4 (1.1): 
tax 1,459 (1,272), extraordinary Earnings per share I2p (8.7). 

178 (i IIMUl, 1986 

Two centuries strong and building 


Interim Statement 1986 


Unaudited results of the Group for the six months to 31 March 1986 

.Six Months 
to 31.3.86 



Construction and related activities 121,130 

frat&ng Profit 

Profit before Taxation ... 3,250 

Taxation 1.138 

Profit attributable to the Shareholders 2,112 

Six Months 
to 31.385 



On Preference Shares (six months) ......1 

On Ordinary Shares -(interim) 474 

Dividend per share. 
Earnings per share. 

The Director are pleased to report that: 

Group profit before tax tar the hrst halt otttie 
year ending 30 September 1986 increased by 
C730.000 to £3^50.000. an improvement d 29*ta . 
over me corresponding penod last year. 

WtiKsj market roadmens have remained dHt-cuh 
for construction and construcnon-refaied activities, 
ihe tvel (-spread nature of our operations and. in 
particular, the Group’s expanding invohnsmenl in 
resKJennal development at all its forms, has 
provided opportunities for profitable progress In the 
first half year. Growth in turnover and, more . 
importantly, m profit has continued at a satisfactory 
rate with additionally a contribution from the 
proceeds of the E 14 iraHion Frights Issue in January.’ 

The setting up of a new Dnnsron catted Lovell 
Par tn erships Ltd to respond n u ro effe c tively to - 
emerging market needs has now bean finalised 
This Dwislan embraces Partnership Housing. 

Urban Renewal. Rewernent H o ma s and 
P R.O.B.E.. all of which are making encouraging 

The investment ol the Rights issue proceeds m 
this area, together w4h expansion of our private 
housing activities and commercial developments a 
continuing as outlined in the circular to shareholders 
’dated December 1985 and. in the meantime, the 
benefits are reflected m reduced borrowings and 
■merest charges. 

Improved profit margins in the construction field 
are still some way off but me Board believes that me 
steps already taken - the new inmainres. expansion 
of our housing and dev elo p me nt activities- 
combined with continuing efforts to improve our 
overall etfipency. will provide opportunities tar 
- longer term growth and a satisfactory outcome for 
the year. 

It is proposed, therefore, to pay an interim 
dividend of t.7p per.share (1985 f 56pj on 
30 Sep t ember 1966 to oromary shareholders onthe 
register at iSJttfy 1986 in respect c#yw year io 
30 September 1986 The represents an increase ot 
9.7% for the hatf year 

YJ Lovell (Holdings) pfc. Gerrards Cross. Bucks. 18 June 1986 




Shaip & Fisher. Mr B Roper 
has been appointed a director. 

Reeves Robertshaw: Mr 
Andrew Smith and Yan 
Huybrechts have been ap- 
pointed associate directors. 

Summerbridge Properties & 
Templefield Securities: Mr 
Peter Maitland has joined the 
boards and Mr Howard Mor- 
gan has been appointed to the 
board of Summerbridge. - 

Network Systems Corpora- 
tion: Mr Wait-Miller has been 
appointed vice president, 

Touche Ross Associates: 
Mr Mark R Stephens has 
been appointed a partner. 

Ogilvy & Mather. Mr Mi- 
chael Walsh has been made 
managing director. 

Johnsons News Group: Mr 

Ted Htmracth has been ap- 
pointed an executive director. 

Rea Brothers: Mr William J 
A Dacombe has been appoint- 
ed chairman. 

G T Unit Managers: Mr 
Malcolm Weightman has been 
made managing director re- 
placing Mr Mark V St Giles, 
who becomes chairman of 
GTUM in place of Mr W T J 
Griffin, who' re mains chair- 
man of the parent company. 

Crystalate Holdings: Mr 
Nigel McLean has been made 
non-executive chairman and 
also non-executive chairman 
of Tenby Industries. 

Alexon Group: Miss Roth 
M Henderson and Mr David 
McGarrey have been appoint- 
ed to the board. 

charge 168 foil). Earnings per 
share 35.8p (21.7 )l 

TEMS: Of the total placing and 
rights offer of 14394.977 new 
ordinary shares at 56p, 
8,821.132 offered to sharehold- 
ers, other than' Mr Richards or 
Mr Brooke, have been taken op. 
Consequently, arrangements 
have been made by the 
company's stockbrokers to daw 
back these. 8.28M32 shares, 
from the total of 14.394,977 
originally placed; with clients. 

-Gerald Newton, the chairman, 
says in his annual statement that 

. the year to Jan. 31, 1987, will be 
one of consolidation, following 
which """uat rental income in 
Britain alone will double from 
its present level to well over £4 
million. Overseas, he envisages 
further substantial rental 

. Net. asset value '.2J7p_ jC 2Q4)._ 
Properties valued on an open 
market basis total £426 J mil- 
lion. This represents pro p erties ., 
at book value of £401.9 million 
plus surplus of £24.3 milli on 
over book value of properties 
held by tradiznt subsidiaries. 

Turnover for 1985 £7.97 million 
(£835 million for tire previous 
17 months). -Pretax profit 
£350.000 (£350,000 loss). Earn- 
ings per share 0.4p.(L37p loss). 

. Nojdividend (same). 

The company plans to expand 
its natural resource activities by 
acquiring - Hydro tec hnica and 
Hydrotechnica (Services) Inter- 
national, two private companies 
specializing in the asses sm e n t 
and management of water re- 
sources in Britain and overseas. 
The price will be £150,000 ash 
and the issue of 227,272 Robert- 
son shares. 

dividend on ordinary and A 
ordinary 2.45p, making 3.55p 
(3.3p adjusted). Figures in £000 
for ‘year - to March 31. Pretax 
profit 5,163 15 . 226 ). Earnings 

■ per -ordinary and -A ordinary 
share5.31p (5.01). 


.Interim dividend L7p (1.55). 
Figures m £000 for six months 
io March 31. Profit before tax 
3.250.(2320), tax 1,138 (806). 
Earnings per share 8.S3p (8. II). * 
Board says that, Mule market ^ 
conditions have remained diffi- 
cult for construction and 
construction-related activities. 

' the well-sprtad nature of the 
company's operations and. in 
particular, the expanding 
involvement in residential 
development., has _ provided 
opportunities for profitable 
progress in the first half Growth 
in turnover and 'in profit has 
continued at a' satisfactory tale. 

Total dividend unchanged at 
5.85p for the year to March 31, 
1986. Turnover £68.85 million 

g n.71 million). Pretax profit 
.5 million (£426 million). 
Earnings per share (weighted 
average) 7.9p (7_3p). 

Tlus advertisement does not commute an invitation to any person to subscribe far cr purchase shares 
Application has been made to thtf Council of Hie Stock Exchange far the grant of perinasaoo to dealmihe 
whole or tin share capual of Borland Intemauooal. Inc, issued and to be issind. in the Unliped Seamnes 
Market It Is emphasised that oo appheadon has been made for these secunnes to be admitted to hsung ft is 
further emphaasedthat tin sharesjiow being offered far sate hare not been registered under any Federal or 
State securities law in the Untied -Sates or An»aCa or m Canada or any pro vinoa thereof and dealings in 
Carapany’e securities will be restneted accordingly The shares win tkji be offered or soldm-North America or 
to North American petsona 

namhrrwemrwt u km jm <ifo cr mziuoat to oJocrthtjor er u* *•**«* ary aaataa. 


GROUP PLC LceaiM DoSer In Sfasme 

Member of the British Insiimie of Dealers insecurities 



G ompem a Aa lS8S-/btat t rti No. 1391603} 

5,348,000 Ordinary Shares of 5p each 
at 25p per share 

Payable in full on application ■ 

The Application List will open at 10 a,m. 
on Monday 23rd June, 1986 and will close at 
3 p.m. on Thursday3rdjiily,ld86. 

Hilton Mining Pic manufacture and market a range 
of equipment for use in the mining, civil engineering 
and construction industries. Proceeds of this Offer 
For Sale will be used to expand its production 

i JTtFZ: b JunStt-ubuJ Stamm Maria. KRuntSmioa GramppyOc 

bnjrmli.imirJwfiliaiVOiiiain Siuraeflbe CmfrBti. . 

rl ppkalm-it A* Aoo aa, ,Wi h Ki trapearir una (4 tit Aumow Jaud !7tk 7«nr, I98S. 


LONDON SEi 0UQ. Tel: 01 <928 2661 

Please '-end me a copy of the Prospectm far Hilton Mitring He 




. . Oaoaporated imtte the teHsct the State of California, annba- 1 1404 1 4) 

Borland International. Inc. is one of the largest independent publishers of microcomputer 
software m the world. It has a wtde range or products, which are designed prmctpally for 
business applications, and a broad base of end-users. Us products currently address four 
segments of the nhcrocaraputei applications software market languages, productivity tools, 
artificial intelligence and electronic reference. Borland sees an' important market 
opportunity in Europe far ite products. The Company lias a strongly European background 
ns founders, including Its President, Philippe Kahn, are all European nationals and over 75 
per cent of its issued share capital is in European hanrfc 

Offer for Sale 



of 12,500,000 shares of common stock of no par value 
at 125p per share payable in full on application 



Stare capital 

shares of common stock of no par value 

Issued and now 
. being issued 
4a 706.760 ’ 

Ofthe total number oi shares being offered for sale irrevocable commitments, which will be 
accepted in ML- to apply for &6S0.000 shares have been- received from two Euronean 
investment institutions and 9, 850.000 shares will be av ailable to the pnv^ 

The application list for the shares now being offered for sale by J. Henry Schroder Warm & 
Co. Ltd (’Schroders') will open at 10.0&am on Tuesday, 24th June, 1986 and raayt*» closed ar 
any time thereafter. It is expected that dealings in the whole or the share caoiial or 
Company, issued and now being issued, will commence on Wednesday. 2nd July, 1986 

Qapies of the Offer for Sate, document with an application form 
may beobtamed during normal business hours ftom:- 
Sefcrcdgr WagsScCo. I A n te d , Hattaaa] Wartmxnsm&mfcHLC 
180 Cheapside London EC2V 6ES " New Issues Department 

- .... • - .2 ErmcasStreet London EC2P2ED 

deZoete&Bram ~ Advent X&atted 

, 2 S Finsbury Circus . 23 Chester Street 

London.EC2M.7EE - Edinburgh EH3 7E7T 

Partiailais of the Qmtpany are available in 
the Exiei Un£k2ed9ecunnes Market service 

TTteCgferfaTSatedogHnantispublisbadinflilLwnhand ppTirghnn f ^ mlh q 

FinanaalTiniesmilay ‘ 

• ISthjxme , 1986 


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A copy of this document, which comprises listing particulara for Thames Television PLC (“Thames’’) in accordance with The Stock Exchange (Listing) Regulations 1984, has been delivered to dm Registrar of Companies for registration as 

required by those Regulations. 

These listing particulars have been approved by the Council of The Stock Exchange. Application has been made to the Council of The Stock Exchange for all of the issued Ordinary share capital of Thames to be admitted ro the Official List Limieedi A-R Television FLC and theTXrectora of Thames (whose names appear herein) are responsible for die information contained in this document and to the best of their knowledge and belief (having taken all reasonable care to 
■ ^ ensure that suchis the case) such information is in accordance with the facts and does not omit anything likely to affect die import of such information. 

• ' T.TiH. Limited, A-R Television FLC and die Directors of Thames each accept responsibility accordingly. 

It is die responsibility of any persons outside the United Kingdom wishing to make an application hereunder to satisfy themselves as tt> full observance of die laws of the relevant territory in connection therewith, including the obtaining of 
any governmental or other consents ot the compliance with other necessary formalities, and to pay any transfer or other taxes requiring to be paid in such territory in respect of shares acquired by diem under die offer for sale. 

The application lists for the Ordinary shares now being offered for sale will open at 10.00 am on Wednesday 25 June 1986 and will close as soon thereafter as County Limited may determine. The terms are) conditions of, and procedure for, 

, . application are set out 3 c foe end of dus document. Ari AppIication Form is also included- It is expected that admission to foe Official List will become effective, and dealings will commence, on Wednesday 2 July 1986. 





:*.• • • 

at a price 

>f 17,089,526 Ordinary shares of 25p each 

of 190p per share, payable in full on application 


£# f: 

- . sharecapital . " 

Authorised Issued and fully paid 

£16.250,000 ■ Ordfoaryfoares of 25p each £12,000,000 

The Ordinary shares. now being offered.fbr sale will tank n^fisQ for all dividends .or other 
tfanifanriops haqfejdwiJlpBilot cade enthe Qnfinaiy share coital of Thames. - 


As at the dose of business on 30 May 1986 Thames and to s ub si di aries had no outstanding 
lioi ro w ings, seemed of unsecured, ;but had obligations under finance leases of£7.233, 000 anda 
g a a ranre eoug tantDp gmre^ieaoflHnkbtHiowrit^bylrafependemTeleviskmNewsUmited 
not exceeding £777,000. At die same-rime Thames and to subsidiaries had cash- balances of 
£5,592,000. • 

Save as disclosed above an d a pa r t faw n intra-group Babili ties, at the dose efbatinaseri ^30 May 
1 986 Thames and its subridtarieshad no loan capital outstanding, or created but imiasued, term 
loam ex other borrowings or indebtethieES. in die nature of borrowing, including bsoik - 
overdrafts. Indkliries under accepances (oAer than normal trade bilk) or acceptance credits, 

. hirepurctoseaomminnencs, mortgages, charges, material contingent liabilities or guarantees. 
For die purposes of theabove, amounts in cmrendes other than steriing have been translated 
into sterling at rates of exchange prevailing at the of business on 30 May 1986. ' - 

“Thames” or the“Company' 

“Easton Rims” 

“CospwieHaD" - 


T.T.H.". - 

“ArR Television" 

the “prinaprf sharrfioldeia’” 
“Ordinary shares” • 


“Programme Contractor’’ 
the “Broadcasting Acx” 


“C AT* 

the “fourth Charmer 




the “netwodc" 


“industry NAR. percentage” 
the “BBC” 



1 Thames TdevUdriTLC ‘ 

Thames Televirion International Limited, a. wholly owned 
stdmwary cf Thames ' 

Easton Films Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary ofThames 
Cosgrove Hall Productions Limited, a wholly, owned subsidiary 
THORN EMI pic • 

T.T.H - Limited, a wholly owned sabsrdiary of Thom 
BETPuHic Limited Company 

A>R Tefevirion I$XZ (foimeriy known as RedSdusion T el evision 
. limited), a subsidiary of BET 
T.TJi.,aridArRTdenribn . 

Ordinary d*ares (£25p each in Thames . . 

County Limited / 

die Independent Broadcmting Authority • 

a contract, awarded by the ffiA, to btoadcase tekvirion 

programmes within certain rimes in certain areas 

a holder of a franchise '■ 

the BmidcHring-Act 1981 - 

the independent television channel 

the Channel Four Television . Company limite d, a wholly 

owned subsidiary of die IBA ' 

Stand Pedwar Cymru, a television service provided by the 
Weld) Fouidi Qiannd Authority ' 

die television channel operated by Channel 4 and the Welsh 

Fourth Channel Authority 

Independent TdevisionNews Lhnited 

TV-AM Limited, the early morning Programme Contractor 


be transmitted 

the Progra mm e Contractors, excluding TV-am 
net advertising revenue, after discounts and commissions 
sharp of ibetotalNAR of the network • 

die British Broadcasting Cor p or ati on • 

London Wedoend-Tekvison Limited,, the holder of the current 
weekend -franchise in the .London area and a wholly owned 
subsidiary of Lotxkm Weekend TeJevtsfon (Holdings) pic 
additional payments made under the Broadcasting Act and 
oofleewdi^ by^ roe IBA on behalf of die Exchequer 


The following nTforrnanon.u derived from, and should be read m conjunction ujidu die full 
text of dus doaanenL ^ ■ 


The principal activities and sources of revenue of Thames and its subsidiaries are the 
production, transmission and worldwide distribution and exploitation of television 
programmes and the sale of airtime. Thames provides television services on 
weekdays in the London area on the basis of a contract awarded by the IBA. The 
current franchise' commenced on 1 January 1982 and, in common with the 
franchises of the other Programme Contractors, excluding TV-am, is scheduled ro 
expire on 31 December 1989. Thames intends to apply for the next franchise which 
is expected, following open advertisement, robe awarded m 1 988 to commence on 1 
January 1990. Thames’ principal studio operations are in Central London and at 
Teddingcon, Middlesex. Thames and its subsidiaries employ approximately 2,500 


The turnover and profits of -Thames and its subsidiaries, extracted from Ae 
Accountants’ Report, are: 


Year ended 3 1 March 

















Profit before taxation 






Profit after taxation 







Offer price 

Market capitalisation at the offer price 

Earnings per share for the year ended 31 March 1986 

— : actual tax basis 

— notional tax basis (37-5 percent, tax rate) 

Price earnings multiple (on die above earnings per share) 

— actual tax basis 

‘ — notional tax basis (37.5 per cent, tax rate) 

Forecast dividend per share (net) for 
the year ending 31 March 1987 

Indicated dividend yield at die offer price 
(based cm the forecast dividend per share) 

Dividend cover (based on die above notional earnings per share 
and die forecast dividend per share) 


£91.2 million 

10.9 times 
9.9 times 


Receiving Bankers 


t Cadton House. 
Lower Regent Street, 
London SW1Y4LS 
Secretary and 
Registered Office 

Issuing House 

Auditors and 
Reporting Accountants 

Solicitors to the 

Solicitors to County 


• 3061316 Baton Road, 
London NW1 3BB 

7.04 percent- I Principal Bankers 

2.02 times 

Hugh S. L Dundast {Qurrman) 

Sir John Readt (Deputy Charmun) 

Richard Dunn* (btoiqgmg Director) 

Mary Baker* 

The Lord Braboume* 

John T- Daveyt 
Ronald Dennyt 
David Elstein' 

Peter Haymant. 

Derek Hunt' 

BenE. Marf* 

Harold Mourguet ‘ 

Jonathan F. Slier* • 

Sir Ian Trcthowan4 
Colin SWilkt 

X THORN EMI House. * 306(316 Ere 

Upper Sc. Martin's Lane, London NW1 
London WC2H9ED 
Ben Eruslie Marr, CA 
306/316 Eusmn Road, 

London NWI 3BB 
County Limited, 

11 Old Broad Street, 

London EC2N IBB 
Binder Haialyn, 

Chartered Accountants, 

8 St. Bride Street. 

London EC4A 4DA 
Slaughter and May. 

35 Basinghall Street. 

London EC2V5DB 
Travers Smith Braithwaite, 

6 Snow Hill, 

London EC1A2AL 

Cazenove & Co. , 

1 2 Tokenhouse Yard, 

London EC2R 7 AN 
County Securities Limited 
(incorporating Fielding, Newson-Sraith & Go.) 
Drapers Gardens, 

12 Throgmorton Avenue, 

London EC2P2ES 
Barclays Bank PLC, 

New Issues Department, 

P.O. Box No. 123, 

Fleerway House, 

25 Farrington Street, 

London EC4A 4HD 

Barclays Bank PLC, 

Reg i st rati on D ep artment, 



Cheshire WA169EU 
National Westminster Bank PLC, 

Piccadilly Circus Branch, 

19 Shaftesbury Avenue, 

London W1V7RL 


. : INTRODUCTION ;■ - • • ' 

Thames is the weekday television Programme Contxactoribr die LockSn area, it a the leading 
supplier of programmes to the network and has the hugest share of NAR of the. Programme 
Contractors- Amongst to many national and i nte rn a tional ^award wmnmg are 

“Minder", “Rumpole of the Bailey”, “The Wind in foe. Willows", ‘The World at War", "The 
Benny Hill Show" an d “Fresh Fields"- Other i mp ortant features of Thames described below 
include to regional pro g r amming , the major, contribution, node- by overseas sabs of 

Thames has held a franchise stoce 1968; foe present amnattamnieMed on 1 January 1982 
arei is scheduled ro ecpte on -31 December 1989. Thamtt traendi ro apply frr die next 
franchise which- is expected, following open advertisement, ro hd awarded in 1988 to 
commeiKeon 1 January 1990. . ‘ 

When Thames was granted hs entrent franchise, the IBA desofoed it as "a company with 
eonsidefatfeall^oundsaengfo and the ability to sustain go od perfoui ta itLcirt foe fimire”. The 
IBA also stated that it wislrad to porsue with. Thames foe poKibility irfeiad^mg foe public to 
buy shares In tire Company and to discuss im p rovem ent* in to regional service. Thames, in 
conjunction with foe principal shareholder, believes that the BvrodiKxion of public 
foareholdeESwUIbein foe^ best mtereasoftbe Company.- 

T.T.H. and A-R Television, subsidiaries of Thom and BET respectively, haw df rid-d to 
reduce foeir bokHngs ro 28. 75 per cent- each of foe itfued Ordinary share capital of^ Thames. 
White welcoming this step foe IBA has stated that it wishes foe principal shareholders ro retain 
between them a majority shareholding in^ Thames for the period of foe c m rara fr anchise, thus 
preserving, in this respect,, foe nature and characteristics of foe Company in which foe 
franchise was awarded. In response, foe principal shareholders have uzutettahen that they will 
retain a majority shareholding in Thamesfarach period. . 

A total of 18,000.000 Ordinary shares is now faetagseid in equal proportions byasubsidiary of 
Thom (ocher than T.T.H.) and A-R Television- Of these, 910,474 have been allocated 
to employees punuaac to foe~ prefie .foare'sebone described below and County is 

offering for sale, on hehaifof the selling c o mp a nies, foe balance of 17.089, 526 Ordinary shares 
(representing 35.6 percent of the i^ued Ordinary share capital ofThames). 

The Articles of Association of Thames contain provisions limiting the number of shares in 
which -any person (other than foe pr i nci pa l shar e hold er s) may be interested to 10 per cent- of 
foe total issued Ordinary shares of die Company, permitting the Ditccttns to require a disposal 
of shares if they bebeve that any bolding may bring about a termination of, or refusal ro extend 
or renew, the programme contract and placing restricrionson the rigfar of certain members to 
aoend and vote at general meeting unless the IBA agrees Otherwise. In addition, in the event 
ofa change In (STmrol of a principal shareholder where such change is not approved by foe IBA, 
a disposal of the shares ca that principal shareholder will be required and the other principal 
shareholder will; subject to IBA consort, have the right of first refusal to acquire these shares. 
The IBA has indicated, however, that it would be unlikely in normal circumstances to grant 
such consent. 

Employees of Thames and to subsidiaries, including approximately 1,100 Who already hold 
Ordinary shoes, have preferential allocation rights for up to 1.700,000 ftdinaiy shares in this 
offer for sale. Derails are set out in paragraph 16 of “Statutory and general information”. 


Until 1955, television broadcasting in foe Unified Kingdom was carried out solely by the BBC- 
Tbe Television Act 1954 established foe Independent Television Authority which was 
empowered to award contracts for die provision of television programmes. Contractors were to 
be financed by foe sale of aimme as opposed to a licence fee paid by viewers. 

The &»t broadcasts by a contractor appointed by tbe Independent Television Authority were 

on 22 September 1955. Further contraas were awarded to nm from 3DJuly 1968 and 1 January 
1962 respectively. On I July 1972 foe IBA su cc ee de d foe I nd ep en d en t Television Authority as 
foe body em po wered roawatdcohtracg.' 

There are now stacteatPr og i uium eCO n octots, all of which, excluding TV-anu have regional 

responsibilities. Thames and four others are “majors" carrying specific responsibilities for foe 
provision of program mes to the network. 

Thames has been the Programme Contractor tn the London area on weekdays since 30 July 
1968. The Company was formed as a consequence of a merger of the programme contracting 
activities ofRediffiision Television Limited and ABCTelevisfon Limited, ftior to 30ju!y 1968 
Redtfhsfeion Television L i mited operated the London weekday franchise and ABC Television 
Limited opera ted the weekend franchise in the Midlands and North- 
Television broadcasting in the London area is divided between weekday and weekend 
franchises because of the area's co n ce ntration of population and purchasing pons. Thames 
broadcasts from 9.25 am each weekday; LWT broadcasts from 5.15 pm an Fridays. Prior to 
1 January 1982 Thames bad broadcast until 7.00 pm on Fridays bat, under the new franchise, 
Thames’ broadcasting hours were shortened and in addition two transmitters covering the 
Medway area were transferred to another Programme Contractor. No further such changes 
have been made or are expected to be made during the term of foe present franchise. 

Thames has three wholly owned operating subsidiaries: Euston Films, established in 1971 ro 
make films for televisaa and the cinema; 1 11, which has traded separately since 1983 
distributing programmes worldwide, having previously operated as a division within- Thames; 
and Cosgrove Hall, which has produced animated films for children since 1976. 

In 1984 TO was granted foe Queen's Award for Export Achievement 
Thames will be the first Programme Contractor to receive a “salute" from foe International 
Council of foe National Academy of Television Am and Sciences, which is based in foe 
United States. This is planned ^ to take place In foe spring of 1987. 


Thames produces more hours of programmes -for foe network than any other Programme 
Contractor as well as pogramme* of specific appeal and interest to audiences in the Loudon 
area. The principal sources of revenue ofTharaes and its subsidiaries are foesak of airtime and 
rbe exploitation of programme rights overseas 

Production of programmes 

Thames believes, not only as a matter of compliance tridi its programme contacc but also as a 
matter of general philosophy, that it should produce a wide range of programmes to entertain, 
educate and inform its audience. 

Thames has three studios at Teddingtorrwith operational areas of approximately 7,000 sq. feet, 
3,800 sq. feet and 1.350 sq. feet as well as facilities for recording, editing and nananisROO- 
productions in these studios are prin c ip a lly drama, light entertai nmen t and programmes fbr 
children- Most light entertainment programmes are recorded with a studio audience, die 
largest studio having a seanng capacity of 400 people. 

At Euston, which is the mam transmission centre, there are two studios, one of approximately 
1 ,000 sq. feer, where “Thames News" is produced, and one of approximately 1,750 sq. feet 
used principally for die production of features, education and sports programmes. 

Production on location is either on film or on videotape and is serviced from Han w o r th by die 
largest outside broadcast fleet of the Programme Contractors and from Euston by film crews and 
electronic news gathering units. Full editing and clubbing facilities for both film and videotape 
are available in- house- 

Approximately 700 hours of new programmes are produced each year for transmission on ITV 
and the Fourth Channel. Thames' productions cover the foU range of programmes transmitted 
on the network: news and current affairs; drama; light entertainment; documentaries, features 
and religion: children’s; schools and adult education; and sport and outside broadcasts. Euston 
films produces drama on him and Cosgrove Hall produces animated films for children. 

News and current affairs 

Over 200 hours of news and current affairs programmes are produced each year. These include 
“TV Eye" for nerrroric transmission and “Thames News" and “Repotting London" for 
transmission in the London area. “Reporting London" won the Pye Television Award for die 
best regional production in 1984. Thames has made a significant investment in the provision of 
current afiaits programmes and regular local news bulletins. “Thames News", broadcast at 6.00 
pm on Mondays to Thursdays, achieves consistently high audience ratings. Thames provides 
LWT with a local news service on Friday evenings. 

In October 1985 a 24-hour Telethon, which raised approx im ately £2.5 miDjoa in donations, 
was transmitted in the London area. The funds are being administered by a charitable trust for 
the benefit of children and young people in the London area. 


Recent productions indixfe “The Diary of Adrian Mole", “Lytton's Diary", “A Better Class of 
Person”, “The Bill”, the children’s programme “Chocky" and "Rumpole of the Bailey" which 
was awarded the pnae for best continuing series ar the Banff Television Festival in Canada in 
1984. Total hours of production vary from year to year. ' 

Light entertainment 

Thames produces approximately 100 hours of light entertainment programmes each year for 
network transmission, including situation comedies, variety, quiz and game shows. The 
Director of Light Entertainment, Philip Jones, was awarded the OBE in 1977 for services to 
television light entertainment. Situation comedy productions include “fresh Reids”, “Never 
the Twain” and “All at No. 20” for ITV and “Chance in a Million” for Channel 4- Variety 
shows have started Benny Hill. Mike Yarwood. Des O'Connor andjim Davidson. “This is Your 
Life”, presented by Eantonn Andrews, has been produced by Thames every year since 1969. 

Awards include die Comedy Prize at the International TV Festival of Montreux in 1984 for 
“The Benny Hill Show” and the Popular Arts Prize at die International Film and TV Festival 
(International Emmy) in 1984 tor “Fresh Fields". 

Documentaries, features and religion 

Over 100 bouts of programmes are produced each year. Recent documentar y productions have 
included “Crime Inc", “The Queen and the Commonwealth” and “Letters from a Bomber 
Pilot". Features include "Daytime" and “L'Eniance du Christ" for ITV and “Citizen 2000” for 
Channel 4. A number of silent films, including “The Thief of Baghdad", “The Crowd" and 
“Flesh and the Devil", which had not been shown in public fbr many years, have been restored 
by Thames and are being transmitted by Channel 4 as "Thames Silents". Awards include the 
first prize m the Cinema and Television Category at the American Rim Festival- in 1984 for 
“Unknown Chaplin", the Broadcasting Press Guild’s prize in 1985 for the best documentary 
series to “Crimeinc." and the BAETA Award for Lighting Direction for “UEnfance du Christ" 
in 1986. 


Approximately 60 hours of programmes fbr pre-school to teenage audiences are produced each 
year few network transmission. Current productions include “The Wall Game", "The Bizz", 
the magazine programme “Splash" and “Rainbow", the longest tunning children’s p rog ram me 
produced for the network. 

Schools and adult education 

Each year approximately 60 hours of programmes are produced for network or local 
transmission. Among recent productions are “Database", “Jobs Limited" and the “English 
Programme" for schools. Thames also provides a community service for the London area 
through the “Help” program me. A wands include the Festilcon 19S4Golden Squirrel A watd for 
“Viewpoint - 2" and the BAFT A Best Children's Documentary or Education Programme in 
1985 for “Kurt, Mungo, BP and Me". 

Sport tzni outside braadezBts 

Productions totalling approximately 70 hoars each year include -“Miss World", “Wish You 
Were Here" and “Midweek Sport Special” for the network and “Thames Sport” for the London 
area. . . ... ..: . . 

EusumFUm ' 

Euston Filins was established in 1971 to produce films for television and the cinema. 
Programmes art produced oh location by freelance production teams. In recent years the 
company has specialised in the production of drama series commissioned by Thames for 
transmiteioa either on ITV or on die Fourth ChazuieL Euston Films productions for Thames 
include “The Sweeney", “Minder”, “Monsignor Quixote", “Widows” and "Reilly, Ace of 
Spies”. “Paradise Postponed", the largest budget dram series ever commissioned by Thames, 
with an original script byjohn Mortimer, is expected to be broadcast in the autumn of 1986. 

Recent awards for Euston Rims’ programmes include the Television and Radio Industries Club 
Award fbr die IBA TV Programme of the Year in 1985 to “Minder", die Pye Award for die 
Most Outstanding Female Personality in 1985 joindy to die lead cast tf “Widows" and the TV 
Times Best Actor Award in 1986 to George Cole of “Minder". 

Cosgrove Hof! 

Brian Cosgrove and Marie Hall were Independent producers of animated films before being 
invited by Thames in 1976 to share Ae creative direction and management of Cosgrove Hall 
The company is based in Manchester and produces films fbr children. Cosgrove HaH 
programmes, which are in addition to the children's programmes made at Teddingtzm> include 
“Dangenuouse", “The Wind in die Willows", “Cockleshell Bay" and “Alias the Jester”. A 
feature length animated film of Roald Dahl's “Big Friendly Giant" is now in production. As 
Cosgrove Hall programmes appeal to successive generations of children, they can be reshown 
on a regular basis. 

Recent awards include the BAFT A award for the Best Children's Programme in 1984 fbr “The 
Wind in the Willows", the Children's Prize at the International Film and TV Festival 
(International Emmy) in 1984 fbr “The Wind in the Willows" and the BAFTA Award for the 
Best Short Animated Film in 1986 for "Alias die jester”. 

Programme transmission and networking 

Thames broadcasts for approximately 3,500 hours each year on ITV. This total is made upof its 
own programmes,' acquired films and p rogram mes from other network companies. Material 
transmitted by Thames on ITV for the year ended 3 1 March 1986 comprised: 

Hours of 

. transmission % 

Thames' ITV productions: 

First transmissions 669 

Repeats 192 

Productions by other majots 
(first transmissions and repeats) 
Productions by regionals 
(first transmissions and repeats) 
Special and network events 
ITN productions 
Party political broadcasts 
Feature films and film series 


Networking is the procedure fbr exchanging programmes and sharing costa between 
Programme Contractors. Network transmission schedules are compiled by the Directors of 
Programmes of the majors, although each P rogr am me Contractor retains a degree of discretion 
over precise scheduling in its area. Transmission schedules are subject to the approval of the 

Networking between nwyo»s 

Each major has 3 responsibility to produce programmes fbr the network determined by its share 
of the tool NAR of the majors, though Thames and LWT contribute by reference to their 
combined NAR share. Programmes are normally exchanged through a pooling arrangement 
under which each p ro g ram me has a fixed tariff value determined by its type and length. 
Thames contributes approximately 43 per cent, of the total, in tariff value, at the network 
programmes during its broadcasting horns. 

Major to regional networking 

The majors guarantee to supply a minimum number of hours of programmes each year to the 
regionals, who pay a fixed hourly rate; any additional hours attract a supplementary payment. 
Income is shared between the majocs in relation to the value agreed between them of 
programmes taken by the regionals. 

Regional networking 

Programmes provided to the network by regionals are paid for either at a fixed hourly rate or at a 
negotiated price. Each Programme Contractor pays in relation to Its industry NAR percentage. 

Network events 

Network events include unpredictable and non-re c ur rin g events and some sports and outside’ 
broadcast coverage. Such programmes are originated by a nominated Programme Contractor 
on behalf of the network and costs arc shared on the basis of industry NAR percentage. 
Examples of network events are the World Cup and "Fanfare For Elizabeth”, a gala evening ar 
Covent Garden whrch was produced by Thames and attended by Her Majesty The Queen in 
celebration of her sixtieth birthday. Thames will be the originating Programme Contractor fbr 
the coverage of the forthcoming Royal Wedding - 

ITN . 

1TN provides a national and international news service to the network and costs are shared on 
an industry NAR per centa ge basis. The division of costa attributable to tire London area 
bet ween Thames and-kWT is on the basis of thf rarmof ITN tr ansmissi on rim* felling mm rlw» 
weekday and weekend rriusmisaon periods. 

Feature films and /2m series 

The purchase of United Kingdom transmission rights to feature films, films made for television 
mkI film series fa nnrmafty organised on behalf of the network by Ae Network Rha. Purchase 
Group, which is composed of representatives of die Programme Couiractoo- Each Programme 
Contractor pays its industry NAR percentage of the total cost and receives transmission rights 
within in area. Where films ore purchased as part rf a package, the value allocated to each film 
fc uatall y derwtntn eri In accordance with the value attributed by the distributor. Normally the 
Londcm costs ofUnited Kingdom film rights are borne by whichever ofThames or LWT makes 
the first transmission. Subsequent transmission rights are shared on the bash of an agreed 
formula. Fbr individual films where the United Kingdom rights cost in excess ofUSSl mill ton, 
Thames and LWT allocate a value to each transmission and share costs accordingly. - 

Sale of airtime 

Thames' largest source of revenue is the sale of airtime on ITV and the Fourth Channel in the 
London area- Airtime is normally limited by the IBA to an average of six mi n utes per hour 
across the day with a maximum of seven minutes in any one hour. The relative affluence of the 
London area makes it particularly attractive to advertisers a f financial services, leisure 
equipment, holidays and travel, office equipment and entertainment- 
The price at which airtime is sold is specified on rateeatds issued periodically by Thames, the 
form and manner of which are approved by the IBA. Disputes in relation to the contents of 
ratecards and disputes concerning any sales practices may be referred to the IBA or to the 
Advertising Liaison Committee, which was established by the IBA in- 1980. following the 
publication of die latest Thames tarecard, the Institute of Practitioners in Advertising, which . 
is represented on the committee, has asked the IBA to consider certain of the incentives 
included In that isteeaxd. 

Thames’ ratecazd, in common with those of other Programme Contractors, is based on die 
premise that prices should relate to demand and includes the concept of pre-emption. 
Essentially an auction' system prevails which enables a booking at. one price to be overbid or 
pre-empted by a bid at a higher price, up to a maxim u m le vel. The current rarecard, by offering 
a variety of possible purchases of advertising spots, enables advertisers aid advertising agencies- 
to control the cost cif airtime purchased by them- If they wish to purchase a particular position 
within a specific break, they may do so for an additional cost. Thames* revenue a consequently 
highly geared to demand. 

The IBA maintains strict roles on the scheduling and content of adver tisements . Compliance 
with these rules is monitored on a day to day basis by the IndepeadenrTeievilion Companies' 
Association fTTCA”). .... 

Over the five year period ended 31 March 1986 Thames' NAR, Including revenue from the safe 
of airtime on the Fourth Channel, has been as follows: 

Thames’ NAR Industry 

Year ended 31 March £ million NAR percentage 

1982 107.7 16.7 

1983 115.0 15.9 

1984 135.2 " 15.9 

1985 .... 131.2 14-5 

1986 1553 15.0 

Thames* industry NAR percentage for die six months ended 31 March 1986 was 15*3 per cent, 
compared with 14.7 percent, in the sue months ended 31 March 1985. ~ 

The changes in the London weekday contract, which were effective from ! January 1982, were 
expected, within (he industry, to reduce Thames’ Industry NAR percentage from 
appr oxima tel y 17 percent, to 15.7 per cent. In the years ended 31 March 1983 and 3 1 March 
1984 Thames' industry NAR percentage exceeded this expec n ed leveL 

Industry NAR fra the last quarter of 1984 and the first half of 1985 declined in real arms year 
on year by some 5 per cent.; a contributory factor in this decline may have been a change in 
audience measurement techniques. The decline in Thames' industry NAR percentage in the 
year ended 31 March 1985 was in part attributable to a kiss of transmission arising from two 
separate local industrial disputes m the autumn of 1984. On the second occasion, when the 
action taken was in breach of national agreements, Thames' loss of revenue was mitigated by 
die maintenance of a transmission service operated by management. Since June 1985 industry 
NAR has shown strong growth and Thames' share has recovered. 

Ap pr ox ima tely 34 per cent ofTharaes’ advertising revenue is earned in the last quarter of each 
calendar year. Revenue in each of the other quarters is approxim ately equal ~ ' 

Audience research 

Thames uses extensive market research information, including d emo g rap hic analysis of the 
population, to aid the scheduling iff programme* for transmission. This information is also an 
important factor in targeting specific audience groiqft, especially since the introduction of the 
Fourth Channel. 

The table befow shows the audience foare of Thames and the Fourth Channel during Thames' 
transmission hours for die first five months of 1986 (die latest available figures) with 
comparable figures since 1982 (before the Fourth Channel commenced broadcasting). As 
Thames sells airtime on tbeFourth Channel, the proportion of the viewing audience in the 
London area available to advertisers through che Thames sales force Is now between 50 and 60 

Thames The Fourth Channel 

January February March 



January -February March 

April . 




% . 



. %. 

% - 


' 48 ' 




" 45 . 

.'. a fa.. . 

-. n/a . ; 

, n A. " 











3 ' 

5 - 

' 1984 

46 • 



‘ 49 : '• 


-- ' 5 

4- - 

'4 1 

:? 5 


- 1985 

-51 • 


46 • 



- : 9 




. 7 -• 




49 - 


J 46 




V '7 . 

9 . 

These audience figures were measured by the Broadcasters' Audience Research Board 
(“BARB^, an association formed and financed by the Programme Co n tractors and the BBC. 
BARB is.tespansible for estimating the numberof viewers and for obtaining tfaeir opinions on 
the quality of p rog ra mmes drey have watched. Richard Dunn is a director of BARB. " 

Thames Television International 

Tha mes established an Overseas Programme Sales Department in 1972. Rom 1973 until 1983 
ill operated the o v erseas progra mme sales badness on behalf of Thames; in 1983 it began 
trading rat its own account. TTI is the largest international distributor ofjxogramme rights in 
the network and has licensed programmes for oansoisaieo in countries throughout- the wodd. 
Turnover has increased from £1 1.8 miOton in die year ended 31 Match 1982 to £24-0 million 
in the year ended 31 Marti 1986. In the principal markets sales aretw^onateddirtKi^i agents. 

Sole of Thames programme rights 

Thames continually adds to TTTs catalogue of programmes. These program mes have been 
licensed in 126 countries to broadcasters and cable Television s uppl iers on the basis of a 
specified number of transmissions over a limited period of time. TTI has had considerable 
success in exploiting this catalogue, notably in North America and Australia. 

In the United Scares, Benny Hill is a household name as a result of the sale of 85 half hour 
programmes to approximately 100 commercial tel evisio n stations, and sales ' of 'The Benny 
Hill Show” have made a significant contribution to TTTs profits over the last fiveyeao. 

Thames' programmes such as “Rumpole of che Bailey", “Reilly, Ace of Spies”, “The Agatha 
Christie Hour” and “A Voyage Round my father” have been sold to the Public Broadcasting 
Service in die United States. The new John Mortimer series "Paradise Postponed" and the 
television film of Graham Greene's “Monsignor Quixote", starring Alec Guinness and Leo 
McKern, are expected to have their first showing in the United States later this. year. “The 
World at War”, “Edward and Mrs . Simp son", “Hollywood, die Silent Yeas" and “Crime Inc." 
are amongsr the most successful of l i i's sales to commercial television in the United States. 
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation buys a range of Thames programmes including 
documentaries, schools and adult education as wefl as entertainment- The “Minder” series is 
currently one of th e most popular drama programmes in . Australia and die repeat potential is 
considerable. TTI also has a strong record of sales to die Australian comm ercial networks. 

“The Benny Hill Show" was awarded a special prize at the Momrenx Festival in 1985 fra- the 
past Golden Rose winner which had been seen in most countries around the world. 

Eapioitootm of p r o gr amm e formats 

This is a relatively new business in which TTI has played a pioneering role. It involves the 
marketing of programme formats to overseas broadcasters (principally United States television 
networks) and then, with local pa r tner s , undertaking the production and distribution of new 
series. Thames' “Man about the House" series has been successfully translated into “Three’s 
Company" which has achieved very high audience ratings in die United States. More than 200 
half hour episodes of chis programme and its derivatives were produced for Capital Cities/ ABC, 
Inc. (formerly American Broadcasting Company). After network transmission in the United 
States the series became available for uc ensin g to local stations and overseas broadcasters and, 
continues to make a substantial profir fbr TTL A number of other programme formats are being 
exploited in this way and TTI also has a development agreement with die CBS Television 
Network on new comedy formats. 

Sale of tfccl [Kory ptugnuiirne rights ' 

TTI distributes the rights in a number of programmes produced by third parties, ill has sold 
more than 900 half four episodes of the daytime drama “Capit ol", w hich is produced in die 
United States, and is negotiating to sell a further 900 half hours. TIT compiles and distributes 
“Big League Soccer" using material provided by the network arid die BBC and holds die 
contract for the overseas distribution of network events. 

Exploitation of ancillary rights 

Additional income is g enerat e d from die sale of books, records, toys and other licensed 
products, based on Thames’ programmes, as weO as by cassettes and videodiscs for die hone 
video market. Bar example “DBngermouse”, the animated series produced by Cosgrove Hall, 
generates income from die sale of licensed products including children's wear, soft toys and 
board and computer games. 

TTI has a joint venturewith Methuen General Books, a division ofAssocioied Book Publishers 
(UK) limited, through which teievisioo “tie- in" books are p ub lished in the United Kingdom 
under the “Thames-Methuen" imprint. Over 100 books are currently in print ran g in g from 
picture books based on “The Wind in the Willows” to hardback tides such as “The World at 
War" and “The English House". 

“Thames Video" is the trademark for TTl’s home video catalogue which numbers more Ann 
fifty tides. Titles are available in North America. Australia, die United Kingdom arei Western 
Europe through local distributors. In May 1986 TTI and Funuevision Limited, a subsidiary of 
Prestwich Holdings pic, announced die establishment of the Thames Video Collection to be - 
mar keted through retail outlet*. 

Prafimune librcn 

The library available to 1 T7 contains several thousand foure of programmes. The majority of 
p ro g r a mm es were produced by Thames, Eiac on Fi lms or Cosgrove Hall and were previously 
transmitted on ITV or the Fourth Channel. TTI also acquires rights to programmes made 
either in the United Kingdom or overseas by independent producers ar other broadcasters. TTI 
has been granted rights for due overseas distribution ofThames' prog ramm es, such rights being 
subject to any limitations imposed by tights folders of material included is the programmes. 

As Thames writes off the entire cost of its own productions and film rights on fine transmission 
in the United Kingdom, no capital value is attributed to the rights granted to TTI. The value to 
Thames of the library is therefore that of a pool of prog ram mes which is available for further 
transmission in die United Kingdom and the future income stream which on be generated - 
through overseas distribution of the contents. 

larger proportions of revenue on the Fourth Channel t han they do on Fry. 

Thames aim tnakftt programmes fiar Channel^ 4 under separate contracts- Prices are nego tiated 
for each p t ogianun e before production. Productions include die con wmer pi o ga mm e ■ 4 
. What It's Worth”, dw seriesof films presented as “Thames Silents and the drama senes Lbe 
Nation's Health” aijd “Pro5pects”. . 

Other activities 

Thames hires out its wAniraf facilities add outside broadcast units to other Ptagtansnc 
Contractor for spotting whether spedal events, and to third parties. 

Under the rw™ of A» fanyfik* Thames folds shares in the following companies which are 
joindy owned by the network: 

(i) ITN- Thames owns 22. 2 percent, of &j$ company which provides a news service both 
on ITV and to Channel 4. Casts are met by contributions from the Pro gra mm e 
Contractors in relation to their industry NAR percentage aid by fees payable by 
C%a m nd 4* ITN afei provides technical and production fa c i li ties for donjcsoc and 
foreign broadcasting organisations. In the year ended 31 March 1986 Thames’ 
coomburicntD ITN- was £6. 2 million. RkhanJ Dunn is a director of ITN: 

-- .'(ip Independent Televison Publications Limited (“FTP”) - this company, of which 
Thames owns 9.8 per cent-, publishes the TV Times and other magarina and books 
mosdv related to independent television- In the year ended 31 March 1986 Thames 
received arayrighr inborne and dividends totalling £1.9 million from. ITP. Richard 
Dunn iffa dinxtorof FTP. In September 1985 IT? was subject to a M onopolies au 
Magas Commission enquiry which concluded that the practice ofiTP and rhe BBC of 
limiting the publication by others of advance pro gr amm e information, whilst anti- 
competitive, didnot operate against the public interest; and 
.{ill} Oracle. Teletext 'Limited — this' company, of which Thames owns 9.0 per cent., 
man ages die Oracle Teletext service on behalf of the network and operates a sub- tiding 
service for the hard of bwnng - The principal source of revenue to Oracle Teletext 
T rniineil is tfe ^ak rf ar h w r r ki n g gp«y- Deficits have been, met by subscriptions from 
die P rogr am me Contractors, exclu din g TV-am, on the basis of industry NAR 
percentage. In the ye& ended 31 March 1986 Thames' contribution to Oracle Teletext 
1 i mitral was £23 7,000. Thames is die London teletext contractor during its 

Thames also owns 23.4 per cent ofThames Valley Bro a dcas tin g p-Lc., which is a profitable 
IBA fecal radio contractor. The company has recently been awarded a new contract to operate 
a service in an expanded area to include Reading, Basnptoke and Andbver. 


Directors . 4 . . 

Hugh Spencer lisle Dandas, CBE, DSO, OTC, DL (age 65) has been Chaizman ofThames 
. since March 1981,* having , been, a Director since February 1968. Hie was a director of A-R 
Television from 1967 to 1985, from 1978 as Chairman (having been Deputy Chairman from 
1970 to 1978^ -He has been Chairman of BET once 1982. having been Managing Director 
since 1973. 

Sir John Earns Read, K?A (age 68) has been a Director of Thames since October 1973 and 
. Deputy Chairman ance March. 1981.' He. is a non-executive director of Thom, having been 
Chairman ofEMI Limited from 1974 to 1981 and Chairman ofT.T.H. from 1969 to 1982. He 
is Chairman of the Central Board of theTmstee Savings Banks and a non-executive director of 
WanderWorid pic. He is a fellow of the Britidi Institute of Management and a Vice President 

— rif Af TrreHmrr riTRarife*: ” " ■’ 

Richard Johann Duzm (age~42) is Managing Director ofThames. He has spent his working life 
in the film ahd television industries and joined Thames in January 1 975 as personal assistant to 
jfae tfaenDirectPtofPio giauu qes, Jeremy Isaacs. He became Director of P ro d u ctio n , in August 
1981, joining theBoard in Jul y. 198 2; He was appointed Managing Director ofThames in July 
1985. He i$ also Chairman of TTI, Euston Bub' and Cosgrove Halt He is Chairman of the 
Battersea Arts Centred 

Mary EB ra bct h Baker (age 49) has been a non-executive independent Director ofThames 
since January 1975. She is a director, of Barclays Bank UK L imn ed and Avon Cosmetics 
li mi t e d. She is a former Chairman of the London Tourist .Board, has sat on a number of 
governmental review bodies and is amrently die Chairman of dre. Holiday Care Service 
Charity. 4 .... 

The Lord Rrabourae (age 61) was appointed a non-executive independent Director of 
Thames in March 1978. He has extensive. experience as a film and television producer. His 
recent work as producer includes the film “A Passage to India". He is. a governor of die 
National Rim and Television School, a member of die British Screen Advisory Council, a 
fellow and governor of die British Film Institute and a trustee of 'die British Academy of Film 
and Television Am. 

John Trevor Divty, FCA (age63) was one of die founder non-executive Directors of Thames 
in February 1968. He is Chairman of both A-R Television and Lee International PLC and a 
director of^ Wembley Stadium Limited. He has been a director afBETaince 1978. 

Ronald Maurice Denny, C-Eng, FIERE (age 59) was appointed a non-executive Director of 
. Thames in September 1984, having previously saved in that capacity between March 1980 
and July 1981. He was appointed a director of BET in 1982 and Managing Director of 
Redifiutica PLC in August 1979 of which he has been Chairman since 1985. He is also a 
director of A-R Television, a director of Electrocomponents pic, a Council Member of the 
Institute of Directors and a memb er of the PhUharroonia Orchestra Tnat. 

David Keith Elstrin (age 41) is the Director of Programmes and was appointed to the Board of 
Thames in April 1986. During previous employment with Thames he had been editor of This 
Week" arid writeffdixector of “The WoddarWar”. He has also worked for the BBC and LWT, 
and priorrorejoining Thames was executive producer of Channel 4's “A Week in Politics" and 
Managing Director of rhe rntfenendent production companies Brook Productions Limited 
P rimetim e Tdwh kn I .hnir^H. 

Peter ZvorHaymaa, FCA, FCT (age 60) was appointed a non-executive Director ofThames 
in January 1986 nominated by T.T.H. He « a director of Technicolor Limited, Chairman of 
1 Metal Industries Limited and a director afThe Save die Children Fund. 

Derek Roy Hunt, FCA (age 40) is the DnectOTofTTnanceoFThamesand was appointed to the 
Board in May 1985. He joined Thames m September 1971 as management accountant. He is a 
d ir ector of Oracle Teletext limited and was Chairman of the ITCA Network Finance 
Committee from 1982 to 1984- 

Ben Emsfie Mur, CA (age 54) has been Company Secretary since die incorporation of 
Thames in January 1968andwas appoinced Director ofPenonnelinAugust 1981. He has been 
a member of die Board ofThames since May 2985. He has worked in the film and television 
industry for 27 years. 

5“°^^ Moozgne, FCA (age^ 58) vraa appointed a. non-executive Director ofThames in 
October 1985. He is Vice Chairman of Than, Owinwim of 1NMOS Internati onal pic, 
Chainnan ofT.T.H. and a non executive director of Rolls Royce PLC and Turner &. Newall 
PLC. He isamember of the Industrial Development Advisory Board- 

Jonathan Fraser Shier (age 38), an Australian, joined che Board of Thames in July 1985 as 
Dueaornf Salesmd Marketing. He had previously spent sevenyeara with Scottish Television 
p.Lc., latterty as Director of Sales and Marketing. 

Sfe jatna Im Rafey Tretfiowan (age 63) was appointed a non-executive Director ofThames 
in May 1986. He is a director of Bodays Bank UK Limited, Tunes Newspaper Holdings 
Limited and Thom and Chairm a n of the Hose Race Betting Levy Board. He entered the 
televisioaindittayin 1958 with ITN, joining the BBC In 1963- and serving as its Director 
General from 1977 do 1982. He is a trustee of the British Museum, a member of the Board of the 
British Council and a trustee of dyndebpurne Opera. 

S P*°f? r T T ViI H’ K ^ J 8 ** 48) was anointed a non-executive Director of Thames in 
I^Oa^^ ^ni -i- ^ ^ I ^ Ctort ^ Administration m J *"t'?r y 

with Tham« in Octzfoa 1977 to become Managing Director of 
Holdings PLC He is a director of A-R Television, Lee International PLC the Ensdiah 
National Opera and the British Academy of FUm and Television Arts. 

Senior Management 

Together with the executive Directora of the Company, the following people are members of 
the executive committee responsible for the day to day management of Thames 

Ron * UA ^?°’CVO (age 54) was appointed Director of Corporate Affairs in January 1986 
He joined Thames in April I960 as Controller of Sports and. Outsiife Broadcasts. He was 
previously Press Secretary to Her Majesty The Queen. 

Red A*fcic«0a(a» 59} joined Thames on its fbtsnoon in 2968 sod was appointed Director of 

Production- m jdy 1985. -He had pcevtoody been-Tedmkal-€ontrJw ^y Production 
Director at T rdriin gcoit and H auw otih and at Eumon. 

John HamUey (age 46) joined Thames on its formation in 1968 and r« appointed Chief 
Executive of Cosgrove rail in January 197fr"and of Euston Films in October 1985 He had 
g» ?forgly be en Gontrofler of Children's Programmes and Director of Programme 

Mike PUflipsCage 41) joined Thames an its formation in 1968 and was appointed Manasms 
. Director of l ll tn January 1983. Heloincd^ TTI asCbntrolkr of Business Attain in April 1980 
having formerly been Controller of Publicity for Thames. . ^ 

Barrie Safes (age 50) is Director of News and Gnrenr Affidn. He joined Thames m Aunust 
1960 having previously been edtorofFTN's \News at Ten". m August 

Mirk Stephens (age 44) a Direcroraf Industrial Relations, having jotned Thames m January 
1982. He is the author of several books onthe labour movement aid has q>en this career in 
peabmrelaad m d gsrria lTielaffozg. HejsadltecMrofthcActog'Qgttre. 


* mc*TXr ir„ i 

i'/je * 




The average nmnberof p 
engaged on contracts for fi 
e n ded 31 March 1986 was: 



Cosgrove Ffall 
Euston films 

e employed by Thames and its subsidiaries, including those 
periods ot for specific projects, daring each of the three years 

! Year ended 31 March 

- 1984 



•2.178 : 

- 2,195 



. 37 



’ 48’ 


■ .9 

• . 9 - 


' 2.263 



• 140 

: . 185 





the governing body of independent television Sind k>cal sound broadcasting. ' " 

The IBA is-rBqptod by d i e. Broadcasting Act oo provide, thiongb co ntr actors, televirion and 
local sound broadcasting sendees Of high qicdhy throughout the United Kingdom- The IBA 
provides and f n alnrafos anariondnetwodtrftranaarineg for the broadcast of progr amm es and 
pub lishe s gtndcfineijcatp jKijgy ani nieqooBenc, i i gl a dm gtbeporaayalofviolmi^mnattasof 
good taste. The principal . pr o visfoos of Thames? programme conrracr are summarised in 

The IBA. seeks to maintain the integrity of the process of pobbe consultation which is 
'undertaken during dm period before dm grant of aftanchoe. On a number of recent occasoos 
the IBA has publicly refused approvd proposed significant changes in the ownership or 
control of Prog ramm e Contxacmn. One such occasion involved Thames tohen, doting 1985, 
Qnhon Cbmmunicadons PLC made an approach to Thoni and BET as parent companies of 
T.T.H. and A-R Television and agreed, subject to the approval of the IBA; to acquire Thames 
fora oonskfeiarion appr o xim a tin g to£82. 5 miOirai. However, in. October 1985, die IBA ruled 
r that such an acquMidonwouldlc^toasig mfi c anr change mAenagneand ch ar acter hug ofa. 
viable Programme Contractor The IBA considered this to he imaccepcabk and refused 
a ppr o val. „ 

During recent months the IBA has been conducting a mid term review of the ftogramme 
Contractors with particular reference to programme quality and techn ical standards. The 
Directois have responded .to. specific p oin ts made in die review, which, is ex pected to be 
pubhshedinjuly 1986, and believe that itwjll confirm the amtinuing confidence: of the BA in 

Payments to die IBA 

Thames is required to pay ah annual rental to the IBA for the ore of transnittets and towards 
die administrative and operating costs of the IBA^ The bassof'charging is determined by the 
BA and is set put in the. programme contract. The rental may be increased six monthly by 
reference to the rateof inflation, fo addition thepiogramraecantraccgives the IBAtbe right to 
amend the foe at their absolute discretion during the two years ended 31-December 1985 and 
the two yeas tttdirig'31 'December. 1988. Tha-diMjerioo was oterosedlh October 1985 to 
increase rtruak by 2.5p^-«nt. In the year ended 33 Mairife. 1986 rental payments by Thames 
to the BA amounted to >£10. 1 million. ' 

The Independent Television Companies' Association '• ' *• 

The franchise System creates * need for a ccmrensus amongst Programme Contractbs on some 
issues. To this end, die Programme Connaaos subscribe ro and maintain ITCA; companies 
pay subscriptions in proport i o n to their sbaresof todtEtryNAR. In the year ended 31 March 
1 9S6 Thames’ subscr^arionto ITCA was £775,000.“ 

Pblicy on i mp o r ta nt industry mattes irdetennined at the Council of TICA, which ccnass of 
the Managing Direaoa of the Programme Contractors; other ITCA Committees meet to 
discuss progr amm e planning, finance, sales and m a rketin g (inc fading clearance of advertising 
copy) and industrial refarions... 

Addinonalpayment s are. collectedly die BA on behaifof die Exchequer in. respcaiQfffre levy 
liabilities of die Programme Contractors. In the.year ended 31 March 1986 Thames’ liability 
amounted to £2. 6 million- - . . 

Levy was introduced by theleleviMcn Act 1964 and, until 1974i was calculated by reference 
to advertising receiBC.Jn 1974 she basis of calculation was changed to cot dm related to the 
profit made by a . company in cadi accounting period.! Le?f is.-an allowable expense for 
corporation tax purposes. 

Until 31 Match 1986 ProgrammeCcmtractoiswertassessedfor levy at a rate of 66-7 percent, 
on the amount by which the relevant profit fix .an accounting period- of a year exceeded a 
mrnimnm amount. Until 31 March 1982 this minimum amount, was cbe greater of £250,000 or 
2.0 per cent, of NAKand thereafter £650,000 or 2.8 per cent. of NAR- The relevant profits 
excluded interest payable or receivable On loans, profits from the sale of programmes overseas 
and pro fi gfo o mtntidg ratem g. . — , 

The Government has announced its intention to make changes to the levy e ffecti v e from 
l April 1986 by means of tbe-1986 Finance Bill, when enacted- It is proposed that the rare of 
levy on relevant United Kingdom profits wiB be radncedtb45 per cent, but a levy of 22.5 per 
cent will he introduced* on profits from Ac distribution qf programmes overseas. The 
minimum level (^mo&sexanpcfiom Imre will be increased. to £801X000 and will be reviewed 
from trine to time^The expected efface of these changes on ithe Cbmpnty are referred to under 
“Prospecrs” . 


The Ar rirlr* of Association of Thames contain provisions which restrict apeoon from being 
interested hr more than 10peTcem.ofri»Oidin^share<^italoftbeCijmjsinybyproviding 
that ri* Directed shall require a disposal of such .acres. -The Direatira may ako requires 
tfa pnnl of shares where, after consultation- with the IBA,' they determine that there are 
reaxmaHe grounds for apprehending char rite IBA may terminate, or decline to renew or 
pin-end- the current pg ugiam m p cantraa: by reason of a person's, interest m such shares- The 
voting rights in respect of such excess shares will he suspended pending disposal. In addition 
the voting rights anhehnig to the shares of a person who“has fmkd to provide certain 
infimnarirmtnrelatfonrofoccremlnriiaraiidBb^sijapdtded. \ , 

For so lone as a "Detignated ShardtoHer 1 * (beingT.TJL or A-R Television or a holding 

> . f l ' /T 4 ■ -iff- * - l _ r t-n . m • 

company or eimcr; rerons ftc » pw wot, c* ate vuoag hhtcs or <nc company: me iv 

cent, shareholding restriction referred' to 'above AaH not q>ply to such Designated 

Co nt ra ct 

In addition, former individoals wotk with Thames and iK subsidiaries on a freelance basis or 
under arrangements whereby their sendees age made available by third parties. . 
Hiaines. BecQpihes four staff unions die AssodationofCin emawpan h, Television and Allied 
Technicians, the Broadcasting . Entertainment Trade' Alliantre, the Electrical Electronic 
Telecommunications ar\d Numbing Union -mid the 'Natitmal. Upton of. Journalists. 
App roxim ately 85 per cent, of employees of Thames and its subsidiaries are membes of these 
unions. In addition, Thames recognises die British Actors’ Equity Association, the Musicians' 
Uoioaand The WriteiS’ Guild of Great Britan. 

In August and October 1984 there were two local industrial disputes which resulted in losses of 
transmission and consequent loss of advertising revenue. Since October 1984 significant 
reductions in staff costs lave been achieved and there have been no losses of transmission as a 
resuk of industrial disputes. ... 

-TKames'Tpriustrial Relations Department advises on matters concerning staff a red per formers* 
unions. The department re pr esents die Company an policy making bodies of ITCA which 
conducts national negotiations; each Prog ram me Contractor deals with its own local affairs. 
Annual wage settlements for most, employees have effect from 1 July each year following 
negotiations co n duc re d at national JeveL 

Thames has established proced ur es fa- p roviding its employees and their r e pr es e nt a ti v es with 
' information oh matters that afieccthem as eriq>foyees.'Tn<ze are regubrconitultative' meetings 
with employee repre sentatives and info r mation is provided through an in-house newspaper, 
staff handbooks rod Company nopedboard s - 

The Personnel Department provides services fix recturtmerit, employee counselling and for 
salary aod personnel recotds administration- It also advises management on the applicao orj of 
appropriate employment legislation and ¥ raxmaMe for Hnpkroebong the Company’s 
ponies on jtratining and eqcal opporoimoes. The Ttakring Department is responsible for a 
wide range of courses. The Company has an equal oppommities policy which-ini dally directed 
towards women, has been actively, extended ttierimic groups and disabled people. 

Bnployt* share puti^^ ^ 

In Novemberl982 The Thames Television Staff Stare Scheme was established p ro vidi ng for 
die bate of a maximum of 2,400,000 non- voting ordinary shares in Thames to employees at 
prices determined by the Gompan/s auditors. Shares have been offered periodically under die 
scheme and in April 1986 the remaining298,630 shares were aOocted to eligible employees are 
price of 105p per share The price was determined on the. basis of information genoally 
available to the employee shareholders on 31 December 1985. Approximately 1,100 
employees, being almost 50 percent, of the total eligible to p m ti cip ate,hav& acquired shares 
under the scheme. In vicwoftfae.offerforsate and the pew arrangements described below, this 
yjvw ban tww 

Profit share scheme 

Thames has recently introduced a profit share scheme eriabting qualifying employees to take all 
or pmt of dieiraxinnal bonus for-neyear ended 31 March 1986-in dre form ofThames shares. 
Under thie tenns of this scheme 910,474 Odinary shares have been allocated to e mplo y e es. 
Timber de cafe aie ^veft'm^ragrapli 6'tff “Stafiitw^jfid _gmeral ndbnnani»”I ~ ~ 

Share cqMibri’scherrie^ ~ f - '" “ " . 

At the date of^ thi s doc ume nt 2, 125,724 Ordinaty shares are under option, or are proposed to be 
placed under option, to the executive Dizeaps, a fomaerexeentive Director and^ twenty eight 
senior executives. Details cf die scheme arc-set cart in pupgr a p h. 6 of “Statutory and general 

inlfti ... 


Approximately 90 per cent- of fuO time permanent ethplbyees sire members' of rite Thames 
Television Pension Scheme, farther details ofwhich are given in paragraph 9 of“Statutoty and 
agieral in form ati o n ”. 


Directors; (hi) tbe Quorum at Board meetings shall include a Director appointed by such 
Designated Shareholder; and (iv) the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Board of 
Directors shaQ be chosen from amongst the Directors appointed by die Designated 
SharehokieKs)- *Hie Articles - provide rise there will tea maximum of sixteen Directors; the 
Chairman of ameenng of the Bomri cf Directors shall, In the event of an equality of voces, be 
entitled to two votes. 

In the event of a change in control of a Designated Shareholder the voting ritfus attaching to 
the excess of voting shares in which such Designated Shareholder is interested above 10 per 
cent will be suspended. If the BA does not approve die change in control the other 
Designated Shareholder will, subjeci to IBA approvaL have the righr to acquire the whole of 
the drareholding of the first Designated Shareholder at either the price offered by a third party 
or, if no acceptable offer is forthcoming, the price of die shares on The Stock Exchange. If dbe 
e xe r ci se of such right is not approved oy the IBA or is not taken up by tbe ocher Designated 
Shareholder or rf there is only- one Designated Shareholder at the relevant time, the 
shareholding may, with die approval of the IBA, be sold to a third party within a specified 
period in which event such third parry will become a Designated Share holde r- If none of the 
above arrangements are implemented the shares in which tbe first Designated Shareholder Is 
interested in excess of 10 per cent must, if the Directors to require, be sold to third parties on 
the basis that no such third party will be interested in more than 10 per cent, of me voting 

Persons who foil (or are determined by the Directors as foiling) within die definition of 
“restricted mvessoc", as set out ra the Articles of Association, will not be entitled to vote at any 
general meeting of Thames. IBA consent may be requested fora person, who would otherwise 
fall within tbe definition of “restricted investor^ not robe treated as such and this consent has 
been granted in the case of T.T.H. and A-R Television. The terra “rest rict ed investor" 
induct persons holding or controlling given numbers of voting shares in the Company and 
having interests - in other Programme Contractors, in sound programme contractors or in 
companies involved to arrivities or being newspaper proprietor*. 

The se provisions are described in detail in paragraph 3 of “Statutory and general uifutma oon". 


The following able summarises the financial record of Thames for the five years ended 31 
March 1986. A split cf tamovts by activity is sec out in the Ac co u n ta n ts' Report. 

Year ended 3 1 March 

1982 1963 1984 1985 1986 

Turnover £000 £000 £000 £000 £000 

United Kingdom 110,656 120.504 142.021 141,900 168.031 


United Kingdom 
United States of America 
Australasia and the Far East 
Rest of rite world 










Profit before levy 

Thames (induding Euston 
Rims and Cosgrove Hall) . 
TTI — programme and 
other sales 































































Year ended 31 Match 


























Profit before taxation 9,718 8,431 14,134 8,749 14,625 

Taxation (5.349) (4.910) (7,286) (4,194) (6,347) 

Profit after taxation 4.369 3.521 6,848 4,555 8,278 

MDIZ= M^BB3=a MKSM IS ■ ■■ 

Earnings per share 9.2p 7-4p I4-4p 9.6p I7.4p 

Over this period the turnover of Thames and its subsidiaries has grown at a axnpound annual 
tare cf 11 . 6 per cent. This growth has been assisted by the contribution from the sale of airtime 
"on the fourth Channel which began broadcasting in November 1982. 

Tbe seasonal nature of advertising revenue means that the pattern of turnover has been as 
follows: v jjiiu l 

First half 
Second half 

-This -pattern means that the- cash requirements of the Company are also seasonal and 
si gnific a n t bank bon o win gs have occurred during the autumn months of each year. 

As Thames’ costs are not related to revenue in the short to medium term, changes in revenue 
can have a significant impacrw profits. 

The -year ended 31 March 1983 wa the first foil year cf operation of die new franchise under 
which Thames’ hours of broadcasting and transmission area were reduced. It was also the 
period in which Thames was -first required to make a substantial contribution towards the 
Fourth Charmd, which commenced broadcasting and generating advertising revenue only in 
thesecond Iwlf ofThamerf financial year. These were the principal factors leading to the foil in 
Thames' profitability in that year. Since that time Thames has been able to make increasing 
use cf die opportunities for the sale of airtime cm tbe fourth Channel particularly as Channel 4 
has attracted a significant share of audience in the London area, in addition, Channel 4 now 
provides 8 profitable outlet for Thames' programmes. 

United Kingdom trading results in the year ended 31 March 1985 were adversely affected by 
the decline in industry NAR in the second half cf the year and by a foil in Thames’ industry 
NAR per c entage which was in part attributable id losses in revenue resulting from two local 
industrial dispures. 

Ill has made an important contribution to profits over the period. The movement of sterling 
against the dollar over the four years ended 31 March 1985 was a favourable influence on 
p rofitability as sales are generally denominated m United States dollars. The income from the 
Three's Company” format arising from sales to local stations in the United States was 
pamewbriy high in die year ended 31 March 1985. The strengthening of sterling against the 
dollar from SI. 15, as at 31 March 1985, to $1.48, as at 31 March 1986, and a foil in revenue 
from die sale of programme formats reduced TTTs profits for the year ended 31 March 1966. 
At die time the current franchise was granted die BA expressed its concern chat Thames, as a 
leading Programme Contractor, should remain conscious of the importa n ce of cost control. 
Thames has a sustained record since then of producing programmes at or within budgeted levels 
(/cost. In addition, increasing attention h» been directed to the containment of other costs, 
including overtime payments where particular pr o gi ess has been made within the last two 
years. The BA has advised Thames that it believes that rfae steps ta k en by Thames to bring 
about cost savings through effective management control have i mp ort an t implications for the 
development of independent television and reflect die determination ofThames’ management 
to take account of the views of the then Chairman of the 4BA at the time of the last franchise 

The costs (/Thames’ own productions are charged against United Kingdom income m die year 
of firat transmission. Large budget productions, such as “Reilly, Ace of Spies" and "Paradue 
Postponed" may therefore have a material effect on the profit and loss account in a single year. 
However, Thames expects that such productions will generate income over a number of years 

There has bees no change in die method of computation of charges for levy during the five 
years ended 31 Match 1986. Liability to levy in any- year has been dependent on profits 
generated in ihe United Kingdom- 

The effective corporation tax rate has historically been above the bask corporation tax rate due 
tDpcnnanent dbaDowaUe expenditure incurred by Thames, including certain expenses and 
depredation on buUdinjp nor eligible for capital allowances. It is estimated that die effecti v e 
corporation tax rate applicable to Thames in the current financial ‘year will be approxi ma tely 
373 per cent. This race has been used in calculating notional earning per share in “Key 

mfrw nwriftfi" . 

During die period from 31 March 1982 co 31 March 1986 net tangible assets have increased 
from £10.3 million to £31.3 million, an annual compound growth rare of 32.0 per cent At 
31 Match 1986 Thames had net tangihle assets of 65.6p per share. 


Thames has television studio and broadcasting facilities at Euston and Teddingmn. outside 
broadcast facilities at Han worth and office accommodation at Tottenham Coon Road in 
Central London. Particulais of these and other Thames properties are given in paragraph 7 of 
“Statutory and general information”. Thames' head office is at the Euston Centre. 

Richard Ellis, Chartered Surveyors, have valued ThamesT properties as at 3 1 March 1986- The 
valuation showed across surplus of £3. 173 million over the net book value at 31 March 1986 of 
£10.117 miHfotv. This surplus has been incorporated in the account as at that date. At die 
same time Richard Ellis valued the pr op erties ofThames on an alternative use basis at £7-495 

Thames has made a substantial i n ve st ment in technical equipment. Principal items of such 
equipment include television cameras and monitors, videotape recorders, outside broadcast 
vehicles and sound equipment. Thames has an obligation under the terms of its franchise to 
maintain hi^rechnical standards. The Company's engineering department conducts research 

invcxiucui. ui icumiuu equipment. Biauunicu ui uuurri ui loc year cuucu ji ivwui 

1986, Capital expenditure on technical equipment a expected to continue at a similar level. 

Ac 31 March 1986 Thames had £6.5 million of commitments for capital expenditure, 
including projects nor yet contracted. All such expeadituxe will be in the United Kingdom and 
will be financed from the Company's own resources ot by leasing. 


Trading in the current financial year has statced wdL Thames’ NAR in April 1 986 was 22 per 
cent- higher than in April 1985. Tto improved perionoanoe was maintained in May 1986. 

The recent proposal fin- changes in levy described above may adversely affect Thames’ earnings 
growth in die short term but the Director believe that the benefit resulting from die reduction 
in rise rare of levy mi relevant United Kingdom profits wtlL in dae medium twm, exceed die 
amount cf levy to be paid on overseas profits. 

The primary corporate objective of the Board ofThames Is id secure renewal of b franchise for 
the London area in 1990. The DirectDts are confident that Thames has met, aid can continue 
to meet, dteaiiient requirements ofthe BA fijraProgiainme Contractor. However, the tenns 
of the new franchises will not be known until advertised by die IBA; this is expected to be in 
early 1988- Hie Direccots have noted the speech on 6 May 1986 at the Royal Television 

Society by dte Director General of the IBA in which he said “die strength, vitality and future of 
ITV depends on its regional character. By -and large, I think that the BA has got the 
programm e companies’ contract areas about right. Before the next contract round, however, 
those who want to see any change in the regional geography of die system will be able do put 
their views forward- But I would oppose tinkering about with the s y stem, and still more with 
structural changes, unless there was undeniable advantage on grounds of serving the public 
good - and strengthening the system. " 

Thames' ability to sell airtime and its ri^its of access to ITV for its programmes are dependent 
on its franchise. If the franchise were not renewed this would have a fundamental effect on the 
business of the Company. Nevertheless, Thames' programme production capabilities, 
including two studio complexes and technical equipment, and the progr a mme library would 
remain as assets available for uk by Thames. In such circumstances exploitation or realisation 
of the studios and the library in the United Kingdom and overseas would, under the current and 
proposed regulations,' be free of levy. 

The Directors of Thames recognise that the Company faces a changing environment for 
broadcasting with increasing competition from satellite and cable services. This emphasises 
die importance of Thames’ policy of producing high quality programme* competitively and 
efficiently. The management ofThames is therefore concentrating on maintaining this high 
quality whilst reducing costs. The DiieetOis believe that this Will enable the Company to take 
advantage of new opportunities in the United Kingdom and overseas created by the increased 
demand for programmes likely to flow from die development of cable television and satellite 
broadcasting. Thames will continue to invest in the latest technology which, together with the 
talents and professional skills available to the Company for programme production, gives die 
Directois confidence in the future quality of programming. Thames is also well -placed to 
employ in specialised marketing skills, for example in the sale of airtime,- to work with new 
entrants into die industry. 

The Directois continues investigate a number of opportunities for involvement in satellite 
broadcasting. In doing so their primary concern is to increase profitability. Proposals 
considered in the past have nor met this criterion ro the satisfaction of the Directors bur they 
now believe that more attractive opportunities are becoming available. Thames has agreed, 
although detailed terms remain to be settled, to acquire an option to subscribe for 10 per cent, 
ofthe equity ofthe company to be formed as a result ofan agreement bet we en The Independent 
Television 5upercbannel Limited and Music Channel Limited. This company is intended to 
provide an entertainment service, hugely of British television programmes, delivered by 
satellite to European cable networks. 

The Peacock Committee was established by the Home Secretary in March 1985 to review the 
financing of tbe BBC and to assess the effect of introducing a d vert isin g or sponsorship on the 
BBC as an alternative to or substitute for the income from the licence fee. Thames and ITCA 
have given evidence to the Peacock Committee, whose report is expected to be published in 
July 1986. 

The broadcasting industry operates in a constantly changing environment. The Directors are 
confident that Thames is well placed to respond to this challenge and that Thames can 
continue ro expand and build on its position as a leading independent television contractor. 


The Old inary shares being offered for sale will entitle the holders to receive dividends in 
respect ofthe financial year ending 31 March 1987. The Directors forecast that, in die absence 
of unforeseen circumstances, the dividend for the year ending 31 March 1987 will not be less 
than 9. 5p per share of which 3.0p will be paid as an interim dividend in January 1987 and 6-5p 
wifl be recommended for payment as a final dividend in July 1987. The Directois expect that 
dividends will continue to be paid In jammy and July in each year. 



•f c H A a 1 1 a E o ACCOuatANi! 

Thame* Television PLC 

The Directors 
T.T.H. Limited 

The Directors 
A-R Television PLC 

8 St. Bride Street 
London EC4A4DA 

1 7 June 1966 

fYwmly l -imi re d 

Dear Sirs 

We have examined the audited financial statements of Thames Television PLC (ThamcD and to 
sttndianes (together “die Group") for the five yean ended 3 1 March 1 986 (“the reported period”) and our 
w otk has been carried out in accordance with tbe Auditing Guideline: Prospectuses and the reporting 
accountant. ... ... 

Wehare been auditors of die Group throughout the repot ted p e r iod. Bor die t w o year s ended 31 March 1983 
we acred as Joint auditors with Pear. Mattock, Mitchell & Co. We have acted as sole auefieore far the 
remainder of the period. 

The financial information set out hekjw is based on the audited financial stateumts of the Group after 
making such adjustments as we consider npropnare. In our ofonion the financial information m out below 

and source and application of funds of the Group for die periods stated. 

Amounting policies 

The significant accounting policies adopted in pre paiiug die financial information set out below are as 

Accounting convention 

The financial information has been prep ared under die historical cog convention, modified by revaluation 
of certain tangible fixed assets. 

Basis of consolidation 

Tbe financial information consolidates the financial aamnents ofThames and its subsidiaries made op to 
31 Match of each year. 

Foreign curre nci es 

Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign curtenries aw translated inm Reding at the rates of exchange 
ruling at the balance sheet date. Exchange differences ate dealt with in the profit a nd km account. 

Tangible fixed assets and depredation 

Freehold and leasehold propert i es are included at independent professional valuation with subsequent 
attttionsat cost. The bout value of technical equipment, including My depreciated equipment still in use, 
is updated by indices ro the balance sheet (fate. Other equipment and motor vehicles are included at cost. 
Depredation is calculated on cost or valuation on a straight line basis as shown below, in order to write off 
the assets to their estimated residual values over their expected useful economic Litres. No provtskm for 
depreciation is made in respect of freehold land- 

Freehold buildings 
Leasehold premiums 

Leasehold improvements 
Technical equipment 

Other equipment 

Motor vehicles 

Between 10 and 25 yean 

Over the period to die next rent review 

Between 4 and 24 years 

Mamie over 8 vests 

Between 5 and 10 yean 

Over 4 years 

Depreciation in l 
restricted to tbe ii 

t of technical equipment still in use. where the original useful life has expired, is 
don for the year. 

Finance leases 

Assets held under finance lease agree m ents are included in tangible fixed assets and are amortised m 
accordance toth the depreciation policy. Obligations under such agreements are included in creditors net of 
finance charges allocated m future periods. Finance chatges are debited to the profir and loss account so chat 
the annual rate of chfltge is appro xima tely constant. 

P rog ramm es and film rights 

Un transmitted programmes and film riches are stated at direct cost less appropriate provisions. The cost of 
own productions and film rights j> wholly wriuenoffon first tra n s mis sio n within die United Kingdom. 

Sales of pngiamines overseas 

Sales of programmes overseas are included in turnover at the value of contracts sagned during die year. Profit 
, is brought mio account on signature of each contract. 

I ncome from programme formats 

Income arising from theexpionataon of programme fonnats is recognised m turnover and profit when cadi a 
- received. 

Deferred taxation 

Provision is made for defe rred taxation using the lability method, to take account of timing differences 
between the incidence of income and expendinne for taxation and accounting purposes, except to the 
extent chat the Dnwxon consider that a (ability toll not crystallise in the foreseeable turere- 




Year ended 31 March 

1983 1984 1985 

£000 £000 £000 










Expending* on programmes 
nansmrtred arid told 






Operating and administrative 
expenses • 






Rental payable to the IBA 

Fourth Channel subscription 












Interest and other ioeeme 







Exceptional item 







Profir before levy 













Profit on ordinary activities before 








Taxation on profit ora ordinary 







Profit on ordinary activities after 







ExtnoidinarY fecias 





Profit for the financial year 

Retained profit/(dcficit) for the 
financial year 

Earnings per share 

Dividend per share 

1.249 3.521 8.028 4355 8,278 
(U960) (2.0361 (3.759) (2,286). (4,134) 

1711) 1.485 4.269 2,269 4,144 
9-2p 74p 14-4p 9.6p )7.4p 
4- Ip 4.3p 7.9p 4.8p 8.? P 



“ •***• ** * *-* — -j JLh^+. i. SL 


Consolidated balance sheets 

Tangible assets 


21,294. 24.891 

277 262 

1 5.581 18.705 

27.687 32,319 


Cash at hank and in hand 


Amounts falling due within one 
year. 14 




Amounts falliftg due after tnoi* 
thanoneyear 14 


31 Match 

1984 . 1985 I486 

£200 £000 £Q0Q 

23.578 24.090 - 27.777 

2 fi . 275 275 

23,840 : 24.365 28,052 

14.028 19.725 23.999 

32,606 34,191 32.257 

7.000 — _ 

534 1.409 2.690 

54, 168 55.325 53,946 

(40868) 144.928) 147J71) 140.979) 143.6611 

(3.631) 14.947) (9J29) (8.297) 

(9.3041 (13,0051 

(5.569) (3.768) 

Called up share capital 
Share premium account 
Revaluation rcsen-c 
Profit and lass account 

C o nnohrfare d sram a mts of scarce a nd ap plic ation of hinds 


Profir an ordinary activities before 

Adjustments for items not involving die 
movement of funds 

Loss oh sale affixed assets - 
Diminution in value of fixed assets upon 

Provision against investments 


Proceeds from disposal of tangible freed 


Issue of share coital 

Redemption of certificate of tax deposit . 

Puichaie of tangible fixed assets 
Purchase of fixed asset investments 
Purchase of ce rt i fi cate of trot deposit 
Taxation paid 
Dividends paid 
Re d e mp tion of debentures 


11,910 11.925 

72 112 

2,293 3.773 

9.538 15.462 

Year ended 31 March 


















399 . 

























- - - 

• 7,000 - 


. 2.129 

. 9.709 





— . ' 










Cash ai bank and in hand 

Utu e Qne d kata ■ 

Notes to the financial statements 
1 Tu rn o ver 




(4.053) (3,940) 

(4.043V ■ (5.I70V 
(25) 199 


(4.971) 12,031 

Tt.W — ^TTOt - ^ 

Year ended 31 Match 











Net advertising' revenue 

Sales of programmes overseas 









6,008 • 



Aumalasia and the Far East 






Rest of the world 






Other programme sales 






Income from programme formats 
fail from die USA) 






Hire of technical facilities and - 






• 5,564 



. 159.532 



2 Fourth Channel subscription 

Under die terms of the coo tracrwith die Independent Broadcasting Authority (“the IBA"), Thames 
is required to pay an awwql subsc ri ption in respect of the Fourth Channel .Thames ts committed to 
pay additional subscriptions to the IBA related to loans raised by the IBA to finance die Fourth 
Channel's operation in the year ended 31 December 1982. The annual subscription and the 
subscription related to the above mentioned bans, which include, finance chafes, tee asfollows; 

Annual subscription 
Additional subscription 

Year ended 3 1 March 





















March 1987 and Thames' share of the additional i 
3 Interest and other income 

Copyright income from . 
Independent Television 
Pubifcaoons Limited 
Income from fixed asset 
in vestments 
Interest receivable 

•will be repaid fav the IBA in the year ending 31 
ibsarptiem will ap pr oxi m ate to £2, 137,000. 

Year ended 3 1 March 

interest payable 
Finance lease charges 

4 Ex ce ptio na l item 

Provision no lo n ger required in 
respect of music broadcast 

. 1982 




. £000 --' 


£000 ' 







•2 66 























Year ended 31 March 






£000 - 






8 Extraordin a ry i t e m * 

Deferred tax provision in respect 
' . of fits* year allowances an 
unt rani lntd 

Reduction; gf de ferred t a x proy M mt . _ 
arising from changes in the tares 
ofUnited Kbigdpm coqjoration tax - " — ■_ 

9 Ea rning ! pet share and dividends per share 

. Year ended 31 March T 
1983 1984 1985 

£000 £ 000 - - £000 

’ - ; (1,180)= — 
— • (1,180) : • — ' 

Earning per share have been rain dated an die consoHdared profits -after taxationbut before 
exrraoroftwry tasnsandon 47iflfiSl 1 Ordinary shares being the waAtedavetroe of Aares fa issue 
during the year ended 3l March 1986. Dividends per share hove been calculated of the same 
weighted average number of shares. 

10 Tangible fixed i 
Tangible fixed i 

sat31 March 1986 comprised: 

land and 

Cost of valuat ion 
A c cumulated d e preci a tio n 

Netbook value 

land and 
£ 000 - 


'Short ■■ 

leasehold . Technical '; 
Lmdand andtafaer- 
Iwndifiw eattinunic'. 

. £000 

506 35 .363- 

. . — . -20.876 ; 

The amorair attributable to freehold land included above is J2J6Q.000. - 

The freehold and. leasehold properties were revalued by MesnRici^E^ChiirtHedSwveyon af 
64CtxnbiU, London ECS.asat 31 Match 1986 an die basis oftheir editing use by reference to open 
matte value to Include, where appropriate, depredated r ep la orinrn t core of works special 
a daptation . Richard ELfts c omment e d on spec ifi c prop e r ties where alternative use values were 
consideredto be ssmficandykjwer chan masting toe values. .. 

Trehmcaland other equipment is revalued each yearby reference to Central Statistical Office price 
indices to nW account of inflation and is stared after providing depredation based on mere 
valuations. The net book amount of tangible fixed assets as at 31 March 1966 dtofed by 
r e f e ren c e, to their historical cost is as follows: * i 

. Lons' ' . Shot?' ' l . . ■ _■ 

F reehold leasehold leasehold' Technical • * • 
land and bend and . fond and . and other 
hitrl/ltngv bulldiiw huUtogi _ Hynpwwi L .. Toed 

£000 £ 0 fi 0 £ tX »' ' •' £000 "■" £000 

Gtt 7,482' •• 4.291' .-3,017 -' - 2&3Zr-< '4ZJU 

Accumulated deprec&tkm . ’ 1.745 1.613 2,855 13^552 - 19,765 

Cost 7.482' - 4.291' .-3,017 -'- 2&3Zr-< ‘lUll 

Accumulated deprcc&rion 1 ' 1,745 1.613 2,855 13^552 - 19,765 

Net boob amotmt - 5,737 2,678 - ' 162 - 12,76 9 • 21,346 

/oftii^SfetedawmOTthebaSrftheBcrountiiigpcJicysttoaabo^™* - 
The atudyria of cost and accumulated depreciation at 31 Match 1986 in re^wctoftedmical and other 
equipment is as follows 

Assets held 

under , 

. . finance .Assets 

leases purchased - Total 

C fYYI £000 JBOOO 

Cost • 11.788 2W75 .. 35,363 

toBwhdtotdsfl aa 3,462 -17,424. 20,876 

Netbook value . . ' 8,326 . ; 6,161 ' ' 14,467 

Cbpftal expendhnre authorised by the Diream ar3I March 1986 but nex provided foi'is as fidtere 
.' £000 
Contracted for _ .... - 

"Not contracted far * • ‘4;422 

1 asset mvestments 

Fixed amet investraena m unquoted companies at 31 March 1986 
are shown at coat lea provisions as follows: 

Independent Television News Limited 
Independent Televiriorv Publications Limited 
Oracle Teletext Limited 
Thames Valiev Bradcasdngp-f-c. . 

■ l«^itw AwHiivSnpyWnHin|pi Bf i i wi i»i l 

Equity held 

31 March 

■ Independent Hint Storage-arid Cleaning Lmdsed 
Thames Cable and Sat^kte Services Lrmited * ’• 

. - Akp^ariareTekyisloo Network Umfted. - 

. h atreat fax lwiu a In de pend entiTefa rtrio aM tw»Llinit»& * 

2: ^ , v ^ :.;;89 

- U-;' *':f :?rr 275 

ar48We2sStreeti tandt3ti Wl, b 

dre o pinkHiqf^eDireaDtvtoCunipanysnnablepexerdre sufficient fadfaeacc to n roes^ta t e is 
being desk with as m jw o cia d company in accordance mdi-SSAP No. -1. Tbrnoes V^W 
Broadcasting p-Lc. sal Thames Cable rmd Satellite Services Umitrd have not been dealt whb as 
toxtoed c o mp anies as t he a m wiitts involved are not considered matetiat' 

12 Progranaoesandfilm rights 

Progra mm es 
F0m rights 

13 Debtors 

Trade defetoa 
Other debena 
Pcepaymenn and acaued i 

31 March 
■ 1986 

" £000 
■“ 9,462 

■ -26,267 

Included in trade debcots are amounts receivahk after more dan one year of£1^68, 000 in reject of- 
overseas sales. 


(i) Amounts felling due whh in one yestn • 

Bank krans and overdrafts 
Trade cmh tors ■ 


Other raxes. Exchequer levy and sadaUeomity com 
Other creditors 
- Proposed dividend 

Accnab and deferred income 
Obligations under finance leases 

(ii) Amounts felling due ate more than one yam 

Trade creditors 

Obligations under finance'leases 

Obligations under finance leaves are repayable as follows: 

R epayneng dae within one year 

— between ooe and two yean 

— between two and three yeaq 

— between three and fijur yean 

— between four and five years 

31 March 
: £000 

17 Reserves 

' S hare p re mium jocounc. 
bought forward' 
Prenumn on shares issued 

Revaluation reserves . 

Brought forward 
Capiraftsatianof reserves 

^'Smhjarirastftar^Sfr fixed 

S uipfo s aris ing on the - - 
- l e a swasin eut o f Mre t fives - *- 
(ImearelAtecrease in " " ' • 
ctvporationrax.pu7afakif_ . 
tangible fixed assets are toposed 
of c their reyaluedreqouna • 
Traurfe^ro profit arid, k» ... . 

account in ruspectnfdi^oal 
' md depreck^on ofreraued 

Year aided 31 March 

. u an • * leot ■ 1984 - 1985 |9S6 

S S icoo sxn 

— ■ . _ _ 50 72 

11-- — 53 ^2 « 

, - 50 72 112 

2JS7 4,736 -’677 1.749 2.293 

— 14.700) — — — 

3,191 498- (986) 1^» 4.460 

— 1,067 — — “ 

(8(2) (924) . 2,058 . (7C6) (1,200) 

' ’ " -i" • - ' — I' (1.7SO 

deprebknbB of revalued assets 

18 Principal sulald i aiy coeopanfea 

Issued and.fally paid 
share capital ‘ 

1*515 : 3dX» 7Jfi? 9JJ8 l 

aties, an of^ which are wholly owned, ate as follow* 

kflpp*** ’ . , . 

d' • Natrireof bfi n cti 

■/. r. 


1. Thames and Instate capital 

(a) Thinfcs,- l whkii hm its- r o s tered offi5e and principal place oil basfnesr at 30OT16 Eusron Road, 
- f^*»fan >ra?f mM lniCTpor j re d in Eiytend on 31 lanurey 1968 uodfir the Gw i ai n l es Aas 
: 1948 in 1967 as a private com pa ny, fanned by sbana. ana was regbBHtd taEnghod Mger number 
926655 with due name Thasiies Tdcvirion Limited. The authtsised share capuau cc Thames cn 
ftie ri m. natio n was £100 divided mm 100 ordinary shares of £1 each of winch two were issued. On 
22 May* 1986 it was re-registered under the Companies Act 1985 (the "Act”) as a public limited 
? co mp a n y with die name Thames Television HC. 

’ r ' T ' “fa a 1 ', 'r. 1 TTi ( ''rf!w ^ i*t 1 i I tVte f ^,1 - f ■ n 

V ' ■ in : ii v 

(ii) on 18 May 1984 10 9.40Q B tores were tHoctedto enquoyeea at 45p per share under the 
• - ..-terms of the JTSSS; .. 

(fid on 3 Gtmber 1984 the zothorised idinre -cspitid-ivas increased from flZJOO J OO to 
'X12^00XXX>bytfaectaikroul2 l 0Q(V00QaddnoaLBilares; •. 

(fv) on 28 Juoe 198 5 61,630Bifa»es were allotted to employee s at90pper«hare under die terms 

oFtoTFSSi - . • • 

■ (y) oitt7 April 1986738 ^30 Bshgcea.wbreaBOffed ro anidoyees at LOSp per share under the 

"... . vans of the TTSS& 

. . on 30 May, 198& itoiap. was srvea fm aeradancfi with' die thra appUcablt Articles of 

As s oci ati o n ) by the hornets of three-fourths «rf the- issued A mares and separarely by the 
boUen of tluee -f uunhs gf the blued Stores to^ foe passing of dm res oh i nons referred tom 
(vfilb&rwifond - ' ••■ ' • 

(vfi) on 30 fifty 1986ferohitibniltidieftjowfogefat tee prosed ar an Emawdint i ry Cengal 
! - .'.Meafaig.of .Uraiwa: (l) _all dfe'A.shwces and B shares whether Issued or unbsued, were 

.reefaignated asOnltnary shareiof25p each having the tight* attached thereto as set out in 
thenew.Ajtiaesof Assricbdan adopted asset out below; (2)" die Mboffsed: share capital 
. was mepased from £12,500,000 to £16^250,000 by die creation of a ft mh c 15,000,000 
' Oidfijrey, shares of 25p each; CO-CowhtionaQy upon the Ordinary share carnal of the 
Company being admi tted u the Official List by dtt Council of The Siodc Exchange and 
such admission b e c omin g effective apt btei'mmi 1 September 1986, the Dlrcctoa were 
! - ■ ^xietaQyandunoonditicxially authorised puauare to section 80 of the Act to aSocrdevanc 
: wnriiiw (m dafaad ™ *w wriml "r w “ —to— ™™i £4.000.000. 

rodtaudwzity toescpireoniO fifty 1991; (4) amditiixi^ w aforesaid, she Dheaots were 
'- given power fa- the period fttnndiedatt of the cawbig af the reaahtionpthe co nda a te of 
meamual general nweripg of the Ccmpany robe Itel in IW7 in allot equity securities (as 
defined in section 94 of the Act) forcash putsuantto the amhority referred q in (3) above, 

as if teata 89(L) ofdm Acxdid «« apply roany nicfe bUodhsie (n) w to a nominal 

amn u n t (eacduding amounts aliorad pstsuanz ffl fbb) below) of £812,50); and (fob) in 

co n ncci ion wtm a fij^ia baue in favour of die faddeaiofOidlnaty shares wfatre the equtty 

s renriri esaBtfixsitoe co the faneresBofalf die bbkfaabfOtdinaiy shares are ptopottionaie 
. (^oeadyas may be) to the respective ri&oifaen: of Otdinaryshai«nddl^ them; md (5) the 
Compniqrafopigdrew-Aitida'of-AsiOel a tlon. ' • 

(d) Ac die dxre hereof the euduxired tore capital oTIhames 1* £16.250,000 divided iiun 65.000,000 


13^00, 000 aftaiK are regateredfo the name ofTT3L.94XX)J00Ba the name ofThom Hc^dmei 

-Oexsey) Limited (Tfc|R^and 22,800,000 fit the name afA'RTeiev&ion. 

I and 22,800.000 in the i 

(e) The provafijns of section 89 of the Act |*biefc confix on shwhddets. tights of pt&anption fat 
tenectof d* dotmetst of equity Seairidt* Whfch Uft paid up in cadi other than an aUraient to 


ufT“T'.T» ■ 

Pj SMf ^ > 1 " i ' , ' V I i 'i n r ' ' 

The Broadcasting Act 1981 provides ftnthepeymemonevytDthelBAonbehalfof the Exchequers 
a rate of 66-7 percent, related tn riwpro^omjm the o peration of the ideviaion pro gf^mro ecOTUiJci- 
Levy bcompuwd on a fbcmub contained in die Independent Broadcasting Act 1974. as amended by 
the Broadcasting (Tefevtsion Cormattots’ Additional Payments) Order 1982- 

TheCtnimuuenthai announced in incenrionrocztake changes eftactivefitRS 7 April) 986 hr means 
of the 1986 Finance Act- It bprapored that die rare of levy on relevant Untied Kingdom profits will 
be reduced to 45 percent, anda levy of 22-5 percent, will be Introduced on profits from the provision 
of programmes ovetseas. 

6 Profit on ocdlnary activities before taxation 

Year ended 31 March 

Profit on ordinary activities 
before taxation fa stated after 

. 1982 


Less: finance charges allocated to fume periods 

15 Provisions (brliabihriet and charges 

Full pro v ision for deferred taxation iadi 

as a result of the revaluation of tangible 


Tangible fixed assets 

Other riming differences 

Less.- Advance ctapotaoon rax 

16 Called up share capital 

“A" ordinary shares of 25p each 
Non-votmg “B“ anhnasy shares of 25p each 

{cqi^rl fuHv pari. 

“A" onlinary shares of 25p ew±_ 
Non-voting ordinary shares of. 25p each 

has been made in respect oft 

31 March 
' 1986 

. £oeo 

31 March 

1 6,600,000' 

44.000. 000 

50.000. 000 




On 7 April 1986 Z98.630 Noo-voong “B" ordinary (hcares of 25p each were sHotted to employee* at 

105ppcr share undetthe lams ofThe Thames Television Sraffanre Scheme. 

At an Exmorduraiy General Meeting fadd on 30 May 1986: 

(0 all die “A” onlinary share* of 25p each and Non-votibg "tf admary shares of TSp'each. 
whether tssued or unfawed, weie iracdgi iarad as Qidfawy stares of 25pead»; and ■ 

(U) the authorised share capira] was moeasedfrom £12,500,000 to £16250,000 by the creation 
of a forther 15,000,000 Ordinary shares of 25p each. 

aac ±± S 3 ! a y ' 

t - , [lrjij 7? T- 

.Tr ' . Wi r ’ if ! * ' jy. y 

L ! | .v.-i-v.-..^! || t4.3T'r!'i?i T SSSSESSSfeESgg 



•' . A. 

- .■L- t 


. .-rf_ _ 

(2) whoe he, orapexson who owns or control* shares held by him, is, oris detttsrfned by 
the Dfrecton robe, a restricted Investor (as defined bdowh or 

P) reject of ^sJana wWri arc the subjecr ef a written notice from the Dhcctsea 
nqi^wdie mo^er^o d^nse of aQ ersome of the vwtag diaiei beldby fainasa 
resuft ot me Butina. tbOcwing co n su l ta ti on with the IRA, iWm|lnfi igilpnhm 
ncapprebcadbg due the IB/V may dooming, or 'dedtae to 
« fle^o fttte ^tbec MTent^ijyimuaea)naacrwnbtfaeGxnpai^byTe«wnQf(fae 

(4) '•rfterelKlHtfiliBvinrfajled to comply with a nodee served by die Directors requiring 

CHi> Save os 

(4) wberel y ha* l avit^ failed to amply withantxlce served by dre Directora nqubfng 
, . 9*? ^“gft^Pg PCTsriihweh i pfeni a t io BWKlfeldenceititttytequiifeto 
- p™ pn ^» 1 »»niihBrion,'BBer^imtiaiioat6d«ii a timtdmedipm 

Olsbove, wasequenriybtCTKTsed with afurrber notice aod be has failed to comply 
• w™ pchnddccwmin thc jdpABJ p e riod oftifce : 

Doigna»dShaaholdera(lwit$sharehold£iv*hn«ii30Mxy 1986 bdd, WehddsteoeriiBt 
ora are) etnefaue to hold, u rent 25;pet-eeab of the imued voting shares of the Ctxrqmty or. 
stttex to m provisions af the Articles of Association, holding companie s of such 
sharcholdaswfa^ such sfwrrfwldingtharobcm transfetreduthoh) are mx subject ro the 
rttiuiied daposal provisions referred to in (1) above and the rchtivc restriction On t ot ing 
Dgfatt does not apply tp theta for so bogio they remain D r-v g mit cd Sfairrfcltkni 

-A penonriall have an "tanacsT, for the purpose* of the Articles 6f Association,' if such 
P(ri«» we. ot is deetned to have, an ictenst to neb shares for tbe putpoKs of Rut Vl of the 
Ace (including, for these purposes, certain foreresa di s re y wrir ri for the purposes of tfacAct). 
To the extent not thereby covered a petsonshall also be deemed to be imawted in dune* ift 
(i)such abases are, or in the bona fideopmioa of tbe Directora are likely to be, the subject of 
any jgi c em ent or are ap f ement whereby Sacli share* are to be voted in ac co rdance with thar 
pawn's instructions; or (H) tech rfnrenae shares of which an assotiatrof that person is A* 
holder or entitled a bcOoae'sbe holder, Tine seem “bmocw" . 1* defined fit (he Altfcks of 
Asso ciat i o n and inandes. jnjdaicnmapy peaon (the ^fettnataedpeiiop'O: die hwibid. 
wife or idailve of tbe.&A named penoo: any cBteictDr of tbe 6nt named petson (wheseabody 
CotpOfaty):aad any ctMnWBes.or thr s rtri otsor b e nefir i at iesofatniit Matte thedw itatueu 
peraonh the trustee of any trust). 

A "restricted favesmr?(i defined In the Articles of As socia tion and way bir summarised as 
follow*: (a) a penoowbo hoick, own* or coonob more thst>5 percent, of the Vcang*h«ie» of 
tbe Gom{»ny and who holds, owns or controls any share or low capital c£< or isa director of. 
any FroBrentjaeGaigBaor other thanthc Company or bolds, owns or coanofe any voting 
share of a company which has; a material financial interest (as defined below) m any 
P rog ramm e Contractor other than the Company or fa a director of any inch company; or 
(b) a person who bolds, owns or controls owe man 1 percent- of the toeing shares or the 
Company and who is or becomes a di s q u alified petsoo (a defined in section 20(6) of the 
Broadcasting Act) or controls or owns a newspaper; or (c) a holding company of the 
Company ora person haying a material financial Interest in the Company or in any holding 
company of meCompairy, and which engages or emends its activities m or acquires, owns or 
controls a material fina n cial interest in anyother company which engages or extends its 
'activities in prescribed acrivltieHas defined below); or (d) a per so n who holds, owns or 
controls more than 2 per cenc-of the vodng drain of -the Cbmp auy awl - who Is a sband 
programme ce mmsum (or any perstm which controls or is conrroikd by a sound ot ogrutwo e 
contzactQr);<x-(eraperapRcoanoUmg the Company, who holds, owns or controls any shite 
or loan capital of a sonnd programme cantmemg or (f) a holding company of the Company 
which baa a directm who etraages in or acquires, owns or cormob a marerial financial koreresc 
to any other co mpan y which engagra to prescribed activities; i. ■ 

wnlflss In any such cage the IBA mo given, and not w il l aim wu.tacon»enttDthc citnMnraiire 
which capscd the pason to be or become a restricted investor. 

A "material fin a n daltotertst* is defined as the benefic ia l ownership or control of any vodng 
dureorefmorethaa 10 percent. o f an y ocher class of share or kart capital of ae oaipen t save 
chat ini (c) and (f) of the above s mimtsry definition of “restricted .investor” it means 'in 

benefic ia l ownership or control of5pere^ro'wtDoieofao^c^rorc^^acifgottog dares or 
20 per cost. or more dfahy other dara of share or loan capital andto lehrioato any holding 
company of the CompmwTbebenefidal. cwneohip or amcrol af 5 per cent, or mateaf airy 
class or classes of voting shares- . 

The term "jxesuibed activities" is defined to include: (a) tbcffisxibudoaafpiauresbywire 
or over the air rosubreriber* who are equipped with a device by which they pay for. each 
prog ramm e or goupof programmes or who pay a fee for die reception of pt o p ata me services 
addi t ional to more broadcast by die IBA or the BBC; Q>) die distribution of television 
pictures tom places where they are shown ro a paying aodienee by mean* of a large screen 
p ro j e cti on ayaem; (c) the broadcasting of pict u res by artificial earth satellite or die 
oi s ui b uu cn or pictu res by such means to persona oprrating bsuadcasrfng reby Radons; 
(d) except m the extent ap pro v ed by the IBA, the sqpply of programmes or proy as a tn e 
material; (e) die business of agents, repres enrarivea or tnanagrts of theatrical, film, 
tdonaOD, radio or recording artistes or or agents, rnn wm B iH w.<ir i™p t nf 

tnaaerfortfaeana, film, udevision or radio or for recording; 
afeoare adfar nppty of video discs, videotapes or video' 
casre ttes or p ro g rammr sorprogtan gnejraireri alreconfcd thereon (oefaerdtanpremnaresot 

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nraS tbe next ascent gamat meeting, wbat hcRrall be eligible for tMtetoh hatahaU not 
be tgken into rexomff ta decermtalng the unmbnnfDhearoiD retire by.madni * that 
meeting- ' 

humsoed ditccdy or 

1 per cent, or more of the eqtdty share capital or votiMndnsh (0 any proposal concerning 
die adoption, modification or operation iS a pension fora or leotement, death or disability 
benefits scheme which relates both to die Directors and employees of the Co mpa n y or its 
subsidianes and does not provide in respect of any Director, as such, any privilege or 
advantage not acoorded to die employees 00 whom such scheme or fond relates; arA (g) any 
a n a s yin i riu for tbe benefit of emp loyees of Thames or its sobsahane* under which he 
benefits In a similar manner ro the employees and which doa not accord ro any Director as 
such any privilege or advantage not accorded 00 the employee to whom such arran g em ent 

(v) Each of the Directors (other than ibe executive Directors! mav be paid a fee at inch rare as 
may from rime id time be determined by dwBooid provided that the aggregate of all such fees 
so paid id die DirectoB shall not 

£150X100 per annum, or flichl 

: of all such fees 
amount as may 

Director who by request perfbnns qxcut services or goes or resides abroad for any purpose of 
the Company may be mid inch extra remuneration (which may take any fixro) as die Bamd 
may determine. Any Director who is appointed to any e xe c u tive office shall be entitled to 
receive such remuneration (whether by way of salary, ctummsaion, paitictoarioo in pro&tsor 
odm wise) as the Bond may detetanne, dan in addition to, or in lieu of. ha remuneration 
as a Director.. 

fvi) The Board may procure the pa yme n t of pensions and other Lurefiis to. among others, any 
Director or former director or penonsconneoed with them subject, miei aba. in the case of 
payments to a Director or former direaror who has nor been an emp lovee or other officer of 
tire Company or its sobritoaries, to anraval (7 atdirary resolution cf tne Company. 

(vii) A perscmshaU not be disqualified fora beure appointed a Dirccror and a Director shall not be 

required to vacate that office by reason onFr of the fact that he has attained the age of 70. 
However, notice of hh age (if a Direaor is 70 ot over) shall be given in the notice con vening 
any general meeting of die Comproyar which b Director will be proposed for appointment or 
.ttqpoiiu i B ti tt. 

(e) Untraced shareholders 

Subject to variots notice requirem 
member who is tmtraceable if, durit 
shares to question, have become pay 
member in respect of his share* t 
communication from such member. 

its, die Com p any may tdl any shares to die Co mpa n y of a 
a penod of 1 2 yean, at least three dividends to respect of' rite 
lie and the cheques or warrants fix all amounts payable to the 
vc remaine d uncashed and the Company has received no 

(f) Non-Unitfd Kingdom shareholders . '. - 

There ate no Bmttarioos in the Me mo ra n dum or Articles of Association on the tight of^ non-Utdted 
. Kingdom shareholders to bold, or exereia e, voting rights attaching to the jQafanary shares of die 
Company- However, non-Uni ted Kingdom sharehoJdaa are ntx entitled to receive notices of 
general meettogsunlessdrey have given an address indie United Kingdom to the Company to which 
such notices may be sent . ■„ . - 

(g) Borrowing powers 

The Board may exercise all the powets of die Company to borrow money and to mortgage or charge 
in undertaking, property and assets, both present and future, and such powers are not sutject to any 
sanction by die Company to general meeting. 

4- Interests of Directors and others 

(a) The aggregate -of the rem u neration paid and benefits in kind gran red to the Directors of Thames 
(bretodtogtoyments to tanne r Directors of £559,000) during the financial year ended 31 March 
1986 by Thames and its subsidiaries was £1,003,000. The fees payable u the non-executive 
Directors (iododiitg fees payable to tbe Chai rman) wtrhin this figure amounted to 192.000 and of 
thu am 164.000 was potato Thorn and BfcT. It is est imat ed that the aggegatc of the remuneration 
to bepafd and benefits in kind to be granted to die Dttecton of^ Thames in the current finandd year 
by Thames and its sibtidiaries under the arrangements to farce at die dare of this offer for sale will 
amount to appr oximat e l y £510,000. 

(h) There is no ait 
there been any 

imder which a Direct or has ; 
such emoluments during the 

m waive future emoluments nor have 
ial year ended 31 Much 1986. 

(c) The interests (as defined in the Act) of the Directors ofthe Company and their &mii»es in the share 
capital of the Company (all of which are beneficial), together w ith the number of shares inrespeer of 
which options have been, or are proposed (immediately following the offer fee sale) to be, granted to 
the Directtn of the Goropeziy ares 

Number of Ordinray 
share* held 

Number of Ordinary 
toarcs currently under 

Number of Ordmoty 
shares proposed no be 
placed under option 

R.T.Dunn 3,000 226J27 28,612 

D.K. Ebtein • • — ' . — 122,356 

a R. Hunt 3,000 1 36,126 2J.012 

. B. E. Marr 3,000 129.668 26,071 

J. F- Sprier — 178,096 .22,499 

In addition. Mews. Dunn, Hunt and Marr, being die only executive Directors of the Company 
eligible mpairici pa rc i n the scheme, h a v e el ected to receive 2,631. 2. 239and 2. 173 Ordinary shares 
respectively voider the roles of die Stare Scheme referred ® to paragraph 6 below. 

"None of die remaining Dnectras or their families have-any interests (as defined in the Act) in the 
" share 'capital of the Company or any options to acquire shares of the Company- 

Tlie existing options referred to in the second adunmabnreeniidr the hdden tn subscribe for 

- Ordinary shares at 90p per share and were granted under the Option Scheme referred to in 
' paragraph 6 below. AU such options were panted on 26 ]rme 1985 save fat dune held by Mx Shier 
' which were granted on 8 August 1965 and those to rape d af 63,088 Ordinary dtores held by 

Mr Dunn which woe granted on 13 Augux 1985. . 

The option referred to to the thud adumn above will entitle the haUen to subscribe for Ordinary 
shares at the trifer fbrsoie price, s^ject to the agreement of die Inland Revenue. The options will be 
granted under the Option Scheme. 

- Executive Dfreenus may parti ci pat e to both employee s ha re s ch ema described in p a rag ra ph 6 below. 
All executive Directois may applyon die Employee Application form referred win paragraph 18 
below. All Directora may apply fix Ordinary shares under the offer for sale. 

(d) On 31 January 1966 Mr Davcy and Mr Wills became di rect o ra of Lee fntentaclonal PLC (“Lee”) 
which Replies a luge proportion of the Company's lighting requirements; in the year ended 31 

- Match 1966 a total of £804.000 was paid by me C ompany to Lee and in subsidiariew The Lad 
Bt^ciume is OwfamancfCcp yii^ i t Prt«Dctic« g Lniuted(~CPL") which hma con tract wttoTT) for 
the mendandistogof goods. In the year ended 31 March 1986 the grotsiecetotsofCPL in respect of 
such tpeydu i ul in ug was £227,000 out ofwhich it accounted to Thames for £136,000. The Directots 
believe dire no conflicts of huetea arise as a result of these arrangements. Save as aforesaid, no 
Director has. or has had. a ny d ir e c t or indirect interest in any nasttaerionsdlfeaed by Thames either 
since 31 March 1985 or durtogmr earlier financial year where they reman in any resuea outstanding 
or unperformed and which ate or were untunal in their nature or conditions or significant in relation 
to the business ofThantts or any of its subsidiaries. 

(e) There are no outstanding bans granted by Thames or any of its subsidiarfcs many of the Directors 
and there are no guarantees provided by Thames or any of its subsidiaries fix their benefit. 

(f) Following the offer for sale each ofT.T.H- and A-RTeievuion will holdl3, 800, 000 Ordmaiy shares 
I amounting re sp ec tive ly to 28.75 percent, of the Issued Oidtoaty share capital of the Company). 
The Directora are not aware of any petsoa (other than T.T.H., THJL ana A-RTebvtston) who, 
directly or indirectly, t, or will following the offer for sale be, imerestedin5percenr. ortnoreof the 
Company's issued share capital or who, directly or indirectly, jointly or severally with another, 
exettises or could agrose control ova the Company. 

5. Dfreaof5''Servic« contracts 

Details of die Direams’ stxvkse contracts sridi die Company are as follows: 

(4 Richard Dunn entered Into a service contract on 21 October 1985 athkb provides fix him to act as 
Managing DirecxOT from 12 July 1985, at an initial salary af£70,000pervear, until 11 July 1 988 and 
thereafter subject to the right « Mr. Dtron and the Company to give to 0* other three yeara' notice 
of tensfoarioyi, to expire at any time after 11 July 1988- 

(b) David Qswn entered into a service contract on 3 Match 1986 wfakh provides for him to act as 
Director of Programmes from 1 April 1986, at an initial saiaiy of £63,000 per year, until 31 Match 
1991 and thereafter subject to the rqdu of Mr. Ebtein and the Company to give to the ocher two 
peats’ notice of termination, to expire at any time after 3 1 Match 199 L 

(c) Derek Hunt entered fora a service contract on 30 May 1986 which provides fix him to act as Director 
. ofFmancefrom 1 June 1986, atan initial salary of £45.000petyear, uned >1 May 1 988 rod thereafter 

subject to tbe- right of Mr. Hunt and the Company to give to the other two yeara’ notice of 
teraunation, toexpireatany time afier31 May 19 oSl 

(d) Ben Man entered fmoaservice contract on 30 May 1986 which provides fix him to act as Director of 
Pers onn el and Company Secr e t ar y from 1 June 1986, at OT initial safety of £45,000 per yew, until 
31 May I988and thereafter subject 10 the rlfdff of Mr. Mkt and the Company to give to the other 
two years’ notice of terminat io n to expire at arty rime after 3 1 May 1988. . 

(e) Jonathan Shier entered into a service contract on 1 July 1985 (and by a letter dated 2 

October 1985) which provides for him ro act as Director of Salaand Marketing, at an initial alary of 

£5STXX>peryear7*u^edtto the righrof Mr- Shier and the Company to giro to the other two yean" 

notkeof ter min a tio n at any time. 

Noodic Director h asa service contract with die Company or any of its subsidiaries which does not expire or 
h not determinable fay the employing company within one year without payment of compensation (other 
rhai statutory compensation). . .. 

.6. Empkiyee.share schemes 

Thames has estabi idled die Thanies Television Profit Share Scheme (die “Share Scheme") and die Thames 
Television Executive Share Option Scheme (the "Option Scheme") which have been approved by the 
Inland Revenue order, respectively, the Rnance Act 1978 and the finance Act 1984. Thames will make 
application to the Council of The Stock Exchange fix aD of the Ordinary shares to be issued under these 
schemes to be admitted ro the Officral Lot. The granting- of options under die Option Scheme and the 
allocation of ptbfits'to die Share Scheme ate, subject to the restrictions sunutiariied below, at the discretion 
cf the Directors. No father opdona may be paired under the Option Sdreme after 2 October 1994. 

TheDftecrora have the power to amend variditsproraionsef either of the schema bar the basic snuaure of 
' both anwxIxaliB'ed to the ad varawrfenrpfeyeescxpanidpantswiihoto the approval afdwLhtnpaiiY 
to general meeting, fat particular, shareholders' approval is required, for any {attention ro the class of 
employees cliff bbmpaiticipare^the numbers of rfMcea available under either of the sc he m es , the maximum 
e ntitlement of any. individual and the subscription price of any new Ordinary shares issued or ova which 
options are granted. 

The schemesare subject to the following Itmio: 

(i) in the period often yeara begin nin g on 7 May 1986 and in each subsequent period often years. 

the maximum number of Ordinary shares that may be issued under the. Share Scheme (and any 

rinulw*hane);togaherwi[h chenfmber of Ordinary shares issued and remaining issuable in 
/-•' respect ofcptiorgfcamed in die saine period under employe e option schemes nay not exceed 
4|oQ0|000 which represented 10 per cent- of die issued Ordinary share capital on 7 May 1966; 

- - -'(fO-cheiRaxifatm number ofOrdimrvrfiaies that may be bsoed in respected options granted under 
the Option Scheme and any similar scheme may not exceed 2,400, 000 which represented 5 pa 
cent, cf the lamed Ordinary share capital on 7 May 1986; 

(hi) after the daw on which the Orthnarv shares are fits admitted to the Official Lis: (the “8ot2tian 

. Am") the mnftnun number of Otdinaiy shares that may be issued in any financial year of die 
■ ■ Company under the Share Scheme (and my similar scheme) b I pcr cent, cf the issued 
. Ordinary share capital from time to rime 

(M to ll* period.offive?Kft5 beginning on dm flotation toe and to each adsequentpenod of five 
. yeara, the maxunom number of Oidinary shares that may be isued under the Snare Scheme 
(and any similar scheme) together wi th the number of Ordinary shmesTwued and remaining 
feuabte in respect of options potted In the same period under employee option schemes may 
not exceed 5 per cent of the a w ed Otdtaety share capital from micro dmc; md 
(y) except In the case of the ope ra tion of the Share Scheme it the time of the offer for safe the 
amount which may be made available into the Share Scheme (md my similar scheme) m any 
fear nay notaoeed 5 percent, of the profits (before tax, ecuMiaan 'items and amount* set 
aside for die purposes of such schemes) of the previous financial yen which. In the opinion of 
■ the Directora. -ate a ttr i b utab le to the United Kingdom trading ope rations of Thanies and its 

The limits refected to in (I) and (ii) above may be adfrsted by the Directora (subject ro the audhots 
confirming that.weh-adjmnnenii arc, tn their opfoinv fair and reasonable) to lake account of any 

eaptmlisadon or tights issue or any eoosollduloc^ sub-division Of rethtetion of capitaL 




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In addition to die principal establishments listed above the Company also operates from various leasehold 
premises, including additional offices, storage and workshop fecilities, adjacent to Thames Tekvuioo 
Home, a retail ana edkeunir on Teddfogron High St rot and a regional office in Birmingham- Shore 
tenancies and licences are occasionally acquired dep en ding upon the needs of individual prog ram mes for 
temporary location- facilities- The Company abo holds a licence to sice microwave enmnamkarions 
equipment on the roof of the MillbankTower. 

8- Taxation 

(a) The Company is not at present and is not expected to become a dose company for taxation purposes. 

(b) No tax deaanca are believed to be required by the Company in relation to the offer for sale. 

(c) The Diieeiots have been advised drat no material liability fixcapital transfer rax b likely tofell upon 
the Company or any sufarfdmry in relation u this offer for sale and accotdmgly no tax indemnities 
luve been obtained. 

(d) Following the p ayment of a di vidai d. the Company has to remit to the Inland Reven ue an amount of 
, advance corporation rax ("ACT" I at a rate which is related to die basic rate of income tax and is 
cunently2w71ofihe dividend paid. Accordingly the ACT related to a dividend currently eqials 29 
' per cent, of the nm of the cash dividend plus tne ACT. To the extent that Thames has received 
dividends In respect of which ACT has bear paid, it has no requirement to account for ACTitself. 

- . For shareholders resident in the United Kingdom, die ACT paid is available as a tax credit, which 
todtvidin] shareholders who are so resident may ret off against their tool income tax liability Or, m 
app ro pr ia te ***+, reclaim in cash. A United Kingdom resident c o rpor a te shareholder will not be 
[fable to United Kingdom corporation tax on any dividend received and may be able to reclaim the 
associated tax credit in appropriate cases. 

Whether shareholden In Thames who ate resident in countries other than the United Kingdom are entitled 
to a repayment from the Inland Revenue of any nan of the tax credit in respect of dividends on such shares 
depends in goiaal on the provisions of any double tax convention ro agreement which exists between such 
countries and the United Kingdom. Persons who are nor resident m the United Kingdom should consult 
their tax advisors as to whether they are entitled ro reclaim any pan of dvr tax credit, the procedure for 
claiming re pay me n t and what relief or credit may be claimed in respect of such tax, in the jurisdiction in 
which they are r e si dent. 

9. Pensions 

Approx im ately 90 per cent, of fail time permanent employees are contributory membe rs of die Thames 
Television Pension Scheme ("the Scheme )■ The Scheme has been approved by the Inland Revenue under 
th* Finance Act 1970 and approved as a contracted out scheme by the Occupational Fcnstons Board. 

Contributions to die Scheme are made at rats recommended by the actuary m the tnnrees of the Scheme. 
The Dinaras are advised that the Current contribution rate, together with .the -accumulated funds, 
constitutes a satisfactory long term pace of funding of the Scheme. The next fall actuarial va luation of the 
Scheme will be carried out by the actuaiy as at 1 October 1 986, and shocld be completed by the summer of 

10. Offer for sak arrangements 

By an agreement dared 17 June 1986 (the “Offer for Sale Agreement”) made between (1) the Company 
(2) the Directors (3) THTLand A-R Television (4) Thom oral (5) County. County has agreed to offer fix 
sale ro. the public on behalf of THJL and A-R Television a total of 17,089,526 Otdinaiy shares, as to 
8^44.763 OnUnaty shares for^ TlflL and as ro8.544,‘763 Ordinary shares foe A-R^ Television. 

Undo- the Offer for Safe Agreement THJL and A-R Tejevtriop ihavt tftjiul to pay County a commission of 
2 percent. (pfosVATVon the aggre&te value of me shares offered for sale at die offer pnat oat of which 
County.wdl pay sabtmderwratog amUoa and a fee to the brokers and die Company has agreed to pay 
tbe costs referred to in paragraph 19(c) below. 

"THJLandA-R Tdeyiaon have given ceratowanattles In favour of County, certain irafesmides in frraour 
of County. Thames and tbe Directora and indemnities in respect of taxation in favour of County. Thames 
and is subsidiaries. The obliga tio ns cf THJL under the Offer for Sale Agreement are g uarant ee d by Thoro. 

11. Working capital 

The Directora of Thames consider that, having tegnd to the bank facilities -available, Thames and its 
subiidiarwshaiwsdficiau working capital for their present requirements. No pan of die proceeds of the 
offer for safe is receivable by Tharaesoc ns rabndiark*. 

*& ' 


12. Summary of Thames' programme contract 

The principal provisions of the programme cw . t “?. be,we, Eiif ThMSBifated3l D«em^l981 

(as amended by supplemental agreements dated 6 February 1984. J September 19S5and<.9May 1986) are: 

(a) The programme contract Is for a tom commencing on 1 January 1982 and continuing until 31 
Dec em ber 1989. 

(b) Thames (the "CcnwesoO «as appointed a tderjstan programme Qoomcn* with the tight, and 
subject to the duty, to provide p rogramm es to be broadcast fcv the fflA on ITV from transmitters 
serving the area laid down tn the prpgnunme contract roe not less man 13% hom* each day. or as the 
1BA mar «pectfy, on Monday co Thursday mefarive and ooJndav until 5.15 pra- The Contractor 
may notwShoot the petar written consent o» the IBA provide programmes for broadcasting on ITV 
f P7T T. T V«ridwananro r» between midnight (oc such later timeat may from Pi n ero P mc be agreed by 
the IBA) and 9,30ami To dseextent thattheConnactor. with IBA approvaL provides pro^amma 
for broadcasting before 9. 30 am dx IBA a entitled to increase the fee payable by the Gon n aanr. 

broadcast by the IBA on the I 

1 from the mimnUicis referred to in t 

(d) (1) The IBA may iciuimare the contract if. wttbour its prior written consent, any change 

afitenng tf»e nature or characteristic* of rhe Contractor or any change in the penons having 
control over, or interest in. rhe Contractor rakes place which, if h had occurred before the 
date of the programme contract would, m die IBA’soptnkm. have induced the IBA no refrain 
hom entering into the programme contract. 

(ii) Without prejudice to the generality of (d)(i) above it is acknowledged th at c e r rai n events set 
out in me programme contract involve such a change. Such events include: (1) the 
Contractor becommc a disqualified person within the meaning of section 20(6) of dx 
Broadcasting Act: (21 the Contractor owning or controlling any share or ban capital in 
another P mgtaimn e Contractor or any voting share in a sound pi og raumi c muuatwr; 
(3) the Contractor engaging in “prescribed activities" as defined m me Contractor's Articles 
of Association; (4) the piovbkms m the Contractor's Arndes of Asocntfen relating id the 
■ • number of Director?, die Designated Shareholders, “required disposals" and restrictions on 
voting berrx amended; ( 51 a “required efisposai" nor being initiated in accor da nce with the 
Caanaaan Ankles of Association when a per s on becomes a “relevant person"; and (6) a 
significant change in the man agement or control of the Contractor taking place 
Inappropriate, in the TBA's opinion, co the Contractor's role as the weekday pgoga mm e 
contractor in the London area. 

fill) The IBA may also terminate the progr a mme contract on the ocoarence of any of the u«al 
events of ddaulr. 

(e) (il The IBA may, with the consent of the Secretary ofSraie, determine db suspend its dblijpticn 

to broadcast the programmes supplied by die Contractor where at any one there are 
newspaper shareholdings in the Contractor and it meats to the IBA that the odstenoe of 
those shareholdings has led or is leading to results which are contrary to the public interest, 
(ii) The IBA may determine or suspend its obligation to broadcast the programmes supplied by 
die Contractor where die Contractor has broken dx programme contract on at lew three 
occasions and has received from the IBA wntten paiticulass of each of those breaches. 

(0 The Contractor may retminaEe the programme contract: 

(i) on three months' notice: 

(1) if the IBA shall fail for anv reason (other than the default of theCo nt ract or or force 
majeurelco broadcast on (TV from any of the dansmitteg specified in die progra m me 
contract, the programmes provided by the Contractor for periods exceeding in the 
aggregate 5 per cent. of the regular Sours (ss specified in the programme contracr) for 
broadcasting been that station in any period of six consecutive calendar months; 

(2) if. in consequence of any statutory provisions altering or affecting, inter alia, die 
Broadcasting Act or by reason of the failure of die IBA to maintain die technical 
charact e ristics of the said transmitters, the Contractor shall be prevented from 

continuing to provide progra m mes to the IBA effiriendyorafaall be able co do so only 
at a substantially reduced profit or at no profit or at a loss or at an increased loss; or 
(3) If any material reduction shall be made to die, hours fer b ro a dr aa tto g (as specified in 
dx programme contract): or 

(ii) cm 12 months' notice if the aggregate annual rare ofrhefee and Founh Channel sufasagadm 
be increased to an aggregate rare exceeding by more than one-half the raremyebLe on l 
January following dx date of co mm encement of broadcasting on dx Fourth Channel, such 
fees being adjusted for increases in the general index ofRetail Prices. 

(g) (i) Tbe Contra c tor is required to pay an annual fee to the IBA as from 1 January 1982 which may 

be increased or decreased at the IBA's absolute di scre tio n during dx two years ended 
31 December 1985 and the two ye ara endtng31 December 1988 and is adjusted in accortfance 
with half' yearly changes in dx general index of Retail Prices. 

^ provide the Founh*Cfamnel ro^Ste payments ro*?x IBA af*Ss^Sf , ^Snel 
subscription to be applied by dx !BA for or in connection with dx Founh Channel 
(ill) The Contractor is ako required do make additional payments to dx IBA m respect of levy. 

13. Material contracts 

The following contracts, not being contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business, have been 
entere d into by Thames or its subsidiaries within dx two yaxs i m m e di ately p r ec ed i ng the dare of this 
document and are. or may be, material: 

agreed to purchax the United Kingdom rights to broadcast “Dallas" for an indefinite period for a 
consideration of U5S60.000 per hour, subject to an annual 10 per cent, increase; (ii) an Agreement ■ 
dated 7 January 1986 between Watldvision and Thames whseundcr Thames was released from its 
nhli prinm under the fim Licence A g ree m ent, and undertook id Woridvisian dat in dx event of 
anv default by the BBC in making payments to Worldvision under dx BBCs Licence Agreement 
with Worldvision dared 7 January 1986 (the "second Licence Agreement") Thames would make 
payment to Worldvision of sudi sums: and (iii) an Agreement dated 15 January 1986 between dx 
BBC and Thames whereunder the BBC undertook to indemnity Thames agorot any liability 
incutied by Thames arising our of any default or alleged default on the BBCs part in its obligations co 
make payments to Woridvtsion under the second Licence Agreement. bi connection with there 
arrangements die sum of £300.000 was paid by Thames through ITCA to the BBC;- 

(b) a contract dared 27 May 1986 between Thames and SmU Mon Theatres Limited, a subsidiary of 
. Associated Communication Corporation 1 PLC, for the assignment of dxlcmdioU Interest in the 

Royalty Theatre, Portugal Street, London WC2 for a sun af£750.000; 

(c) an agre emen t dated 29 May 1986 between Thames and the IBA supplemental to dx programme 

contract and amending dot programme con tract - in order to permit die transfer of voting s hare s 
without dx consent of die IBA and to give consent to the enfranchisement of dx B shares and the 
adoption of the new Ankles of Association; and . ’ 

(d) dx Offer for Sale Agreement referred to in paragtkph 10 above. 

to be seeded, on or befbrel July 1986 providing for dies 
JO per cent, of the share c ap ital of dx company tol 

ti t to the Company of a cal option to subscribe 

Independent TefevistonSuperch^ineltltiueed and Music Channel Limited. The option. wiU be exocbaUe 
at any rime up co 31 December 1986 and the Company wtfl pay £150,000 for the grant thereof (subject id 
retm broaacm in |M dependi ng up on how eady me oprion Is exetetoed). Should the option be cxrtrtsc d 
vxCampany s m a xim u m c ommitm ent will be £4,000,000 phis interest on expenditure to tbedne of the. 

14- Commercial relationships with principal shareholders 

Both Thom and BET provide a number of wmif»«<i»' nHin»» «i' mumI term* including the 

following: ■ - - - - '• ■ “ 

(a) Computer* 

fan Panache Limited; a l u bwtii a ry of Thera- In the 
year ended 31 Maids 1 986 tbe cost of these services was £1.6 minion and ic is envisaged that diese 
services will be required for the foreseeable future, 
fb) Insurance 1 

Th atnes| inrotmee is indudedwfahln the Thom gory insuran ce airangnuent saad Thames obtains 
dx services and advfce of dx Thorn-insurance department.' Under naresit Jifau g eui eaB ThanaTs 
paid a cotmnisaob of £10,000 per strum. The Directors of Thames corokkr the presen t 
agangements to be bwmfcfal lP rix Co mp an y and do not intend taalte r them after the offer tor sale 

(c) Patents and trademarks . 

Matten concerning patents and n a drmar ka are dealt with an Threats’ btfoalf by Thort for which 
sendee. Thames is charged a fee related to the week un d ertaken. 

premises 3 t 149. Tottenham. Court Road. In cnostderatLon of such guarantee Thames pays a total 
ootmnro^yfrejg ram^ I93.f?00) of 10 per cent, per annum of diecun eiit r e n t wfakfabdivided equally 

fa adJidoo, , atwmber of services inefading faundry, fin: sad security skim servicer are inusuial by 
amskn^glMnariBET aftncnml wvmmef ftal mim. 

15. Litigation 

Neither the Company norsny of tt mibsldiiri es is enpgcd in any litigation or atfafttatfan proceed in gs w hi ch 
may have, orhave had durhigdx twelve months prior to dx date hereof, a sipiificani effect on dx financial 
position of Thames and its sub si diar ie s and xso such litigation or atutnttea or claim is known to die 
Direabts to be pending or tfareansoed. ~ 

16. Intellectual p rop er ty 

Thames' programmes indude literary, dramatic, truncal or artistic works derived from a variety of sources. 
Accordingly express ms rgn t n c ms or licences from die copyright holder are ob taine d w h e ne ver required. In 
common wfcfe all other Pr o g ramm e Coatracras Thames has had ehe benefit of blanket 
arrangements, Mdch obviate dx need for separate licences on 

1 <1 

| f| , fa ,<’ 1 71 ; 


1 77 *, f^T 

1 Tt 1 ' "' ■» %<> I 1 ' * I 'l Vg' 1 1 i i * 1 1 "i s 

20l Documents available for inspection . . .. ,«■ 

excepted) until l July 1986; ' . 

(althe and Articfcs of Asrodadon omtanxs; 1M5 

■ ft) TH^yf^ vrr^i^i flfnragies and tes nl aid fai ics&rtheyeam ended 31 hfarislSSS and 31 Match 

1 9 66; j 


at the figures contained in taeir report: • , , . . 

(d) »^-»a^rf T>«TT^ , f«nploveg share schea x * an d ehcTtunDewl referred CO in pera^xaph6iU^c. 

' (eJ'dreVAimfciiiofPhjpeitieshyRfolsaidEBls; ; , • 

(f) theDireaois' serviceccniracis refixrtd to fa paragraph 5 shave, 

(g) dx material contracts referred to mpamgzapb I3fa) tn (d) Aava 

• fhldxjBAooanactand.dieagreemengsuppfaiie noldx siEaxaiid 

(1) ihewritten consents refened to fopaiagrapb Wabuwe. Daeod; !7Ji»e 1986 

(ii) au tho rise County to aendafutly paid renouaceaMe Letter of Acc e pcinee for dxnumfay of^ C^regy 

cbu s ti t u waa edbtrr a l BO Bn a ci-h etwe so iyo u . THJL and A-RTelevis«on which 1 wffl beaene mg 
upon despatch by pose to an in dseeneef deliwierby-hand, ceoegxhy Baidays Bonk PLC. New 
lines Department of your Application Bonn; 

(h0 warrant that ydunendtrance will be honoured on first presentation; 

(v)apee that any Letter of Aootpomce'tod my tnoney. rcunnrifc to you nxay be recaned pendulg 

deuanoeofyiwrenitaskice;- ' 

(vl) aTOthatagmpIkatta^ a cttpt aices rfappliatkins'aad c o nTram rtttdting therefrom inder the 
mgfarralewulbe g sve n iedbyagdcooiC o edinacoottfanoEwftbEn^isii law; 

(vuj wanant that, if mi sfan the Apydkation Bonn on behalTof seshebody. ebe. or da behalf of a 
cotpo rad go. you Lave due authority rodoso; 

- (viii ) mwfirmrfMrimnAingmrh^i plifwriri ypuiranot i c ly ingopatty in for uutio n a t ut atiiLi Mnln 
rdaoon to the Company or to any of (ts subsidiaries other than these contamwf in the Luring 
fhak&Iaa mid yea aocoufeiglf agree that no petson respoastUe sokdy or joindy fix dx lining 
Ratkokis or any pan diwi rf wfg- have any liability for any such other information or 

(ix) warrant that you are nota US petsoo and are not applying on behalf of, or with a view ro resale to, a 
. US petson. 

^NopeBons t e cdving a copy of dxUsdr^Eartkadaia or dxAppbcarion Ram many tetrimry other than the 

United Kmgtan may treat th e wtix-a tcwatuinin gan tavitatioo or ofler tfl them, nor sboffithey in any 

event use suai Batin, unless la the relevant territory such an invitation or offer could bwfuUy be made 10 

1 1 1 -J I ij 1 1 ■ i ifw'wi 

be efiecred at dx election of County eidxr by notification of the basis of allocation to The Stock 
.or by the d mum >««<«» by Gotmty of dx -wlw of Ordinary shares fix which application is 

F tefe t enoe wfB be given in respect of 0 maximum qf 1,700,000 Ordinary shares bcirxcfered for sale to 
applkstioni made by presets enmloyees of dxCotupeny ot Its sobskfiaries. AB empfoyee applicant* are 
guarsKeed an aHocariariof not festthan. 500 Ordinary dares of jsddt lesser dumber for which they may 

guarantee# an albcniariaf not Ittthai SOOprdraiy dares of SUch lesser dumber far which they may 
agdy-Tnax event of excess application* hang, received from e mp loy ees , die batsfe of a fl ocation will be 
de trimlnr dby County ayits dte netfori. fa consdtadbn with dxObmpany. 

No individual aD o c ati co of shacs tt p r g q i dn gBK B c.dan ICtper ant, aj dx jaucdOndnnrysfare capital 

AU docuznenta aid cheqoes sent by poRWiU be at tfKrisk ofdxpexson(s} entitled thereto. 


Copies of the Listing Particulars and the Application Form can be 
obtained from all offices ofTbe Stock Exchange and: 

T hames Television PLC, Thames Television PLC, 

306/316 Eusron Road, 
London NW1 3BB 

County Limited, 

1 1 Old Broad Street, 
London EC2N IBB 

County Securities Limited 
(Incorporating Fielding. 
Newson-Smith & Co.), 
Diapets Gardens, 

12 Throgmorton Avenue, 
London EC2P 2ES 

Teddington Studios, 
Teddington Lock, 

Middlesex TW1 1 9NT 

Cazenove St Co., 

12 Tokenhouse Yard, 
London EC2R 7 AN 

Barclays Bank PLC, 
New Issues Department, 
P.O. Box 123, 

Fleetway House, 

25 Famngdon Street, 
London EC4A 4 HD 

and from the following branches of County Limited: 

Wellesley House, 

37 Waterloo Street, 
Birmingham B2 5TJ 

West Riding House, 
67 Albion Street. 
Leeds LSI 5AA 

Clarence House, 
Clarence Street, 
Manchester M2 4DW. 

7 Forres Street. 
Edinburgh EH3 6BJ 

and from the following branches of Barclays Bank PLC : 

63 Cobnore Row, 
Birmingham B3 2 BY 

35 St. Andrew Square, 
Edinburgh EH2 2AD 

54 Lom bard St reet. - 
London EC3P 3 AH 

4 Water Street, 
Liverpool L69 2DU 

40 Com Street, 

Bristol BS99 7A] 

28/30 Park Row, 

Leeds LSI 1PA 

17 York Street, 
Manchester M60 2 AU 

Southampton 509 7DW. 

and from the following branches of National Westminster Bank 
PLC (in the London area): 

143 High Street, 

KentBRl IJH 

1 High Street, 

Surrey CR9 1PD 

320 Eusron Road, 
London NW1 3 BA 

135 High Street, 

Surrey GUI 3AB 

5 Market Place, 
Kingston upon Thames, 
Surrey KT1 IJX 

19 Shaftesbury Avenue, 

London WIV 7RL 

1 24 High Street, 


Berkshire SL1 IjE 

6 High Street, 


Middlesex TW1 1 SEP 

95 Tottenham Court 

London W1A3AJ 

56 High Street, 


Hertfordshire WD1 2BX 


Insert in Box 1 (in figures) die number ot Ordinary 

- for a nrinimum of 200 Ordinary shares or ha one of the 
following m u l ti ple*: 

for more than 200 share*, but not more than 1,000 shares, in 
multiples of 100 shares . 

for more than 1,000 shares, but not mote than 10,000 
shares, in multiples of 500 shares 

for more than 10,000 shares, but not more than 20,000 

shares, in multiples ofl, 000 shares 

for more chan 20,000 dares, but-noc more than 50,000 

shares, in multiples of 5,000 shares 

for more than 50, 000 shares, in multiples of 10,000 shares. 

2 Insert in Box 2 (in figures) the amount of your cheque 
or bankers* draft. 

3 Sgn and dare the Application Form in Bos 3. 

The Application Foim may be signed by someone else on 

S behalf (and/or on behalf of any joint applkam(s)) if 

hand of a duly authorised o§[ciaJ^ whose representative 
capacity must be stated. 

a Imert your fall name and address in BLOCK CAP- 

Vitals in Box 4 . 

5 You most pin a single cheque or bankers’ draft to your 
compktzd Application Form. Your chraoe or bankers’ 
d raf t moat he node payable to "Barclays Bank PLC” for 
the amount payable on application inserted in Box 2 and 
should be crossed "Nor Negotiable —Thames Television”. 
No receipt wiO Ex issued for this payment, which most be 
solely for this application. 

Your cheque orbankers’ draft must be drawn in sterling on an 
account at a branch (which most be in the United Kingdom, 
die Channel Islands or die Isle of Man) of a bank which is 
either a member of the London or Scottish Clearing Houses 
or which has an a n g e d for its cheques and ba n k er s' drafts to 
be presented for payment through the clearing facilities 
provided for die member* of those Clearing Houses and 
which must bear the appropriate sotting code number in die 
top right hand comer. 

Applications may be acc omp anied by a cheque drawn by 
someone other than the applicants), but any moneys Babe 
returned will be sent by crossed cheque in favour of the 
pexson(s) named in Boxfes) 4 (and 6). 

A separate cheque or hardens' draft must a cco mp an y each 

An application will not be considered unless these condi- 
tuns ate fulfilled. 

6 You may appfy Joindy with other persons. 

You must then arrange for the Application foiui to be 
completed by or on behalf of each Joint applicant (up to a 
ma ximu m of three other persons). Their full names and 
addresses should be inserted in BLOCK CAPITALS in Box 6- 

7 Box 7 must be saned by or on behalf of each joint 
applicant (other than the first applicant who should 
complefa! Box 4 and sign in Box 3 )- 
If anyone is signing on behalf of any Joint applicants), die 
powers) of attorney must be enclosed for inspection. 

i Ton most send the comp l e ted Application Boon by 
YT P«** « deliver it by hand, to Barclays Bank FLO, 
New Issues Department, P.O. Box 123, Fleetway House, 
25 G&duploo Street, London EC4A4HD, ao as to be 
rec e ived not later than llWH) am on Wednesday 25 June 

If you post your Application form, you are recommended to 
isefizst class past and allow at least two days for deliveiy. ' 
Photostat copies of Application Forms will not be accepted. 


The Application Lists will open at 10.00 am on Wednesday 25 June 1986 and wid dose as soon thereafter as County may determine. The 

renounces ble Letters.of Acceptance will be posted to successful applicants oft TuftsdwTJuly 1986 and will be renounceable up ts Friday 1 
August 1986. Dealings in the Ordinary shares are expected to commence an Wednesday 2 July 1986. 

Arrangements have been madefor registration of all the Ordinary shares now offered for sale, fee of stamp duty and iegistxatk» fees, In the 
names of purchasers or persons in whose favour Letrecrof Acceptance are Ally renounced provided that, meases of tcaamdadon. Letters of 
Acceptance (duly coomleted m acconiaRce whh the insmictioniccmtairxa theteiiO are lodged for registration on or before 3.00 pa on 
Friday 1 August 1986. Share certificates will be despatched by fiat class post on or before Friday 29 August 1986. 



Offer for sale by County limited of 17,089326 Ordinary 
shares in Thames Television FLC at 190p per Ordinary 
. . share, payable in full on application 

I/We offer to purchase 

. Ordinary shares- for -such lesser number of 
' Ordinary shares in ropect of whjfch this 
application may* he accepted) at 190p per 
Ordinary share on the terms of, and subjeetto, 
— die lasting Particulars dated. 17 Jane 1986 mid 
. -the Memorandum and Articles of Association 
: of the Company 

and I/we attach a cheque 
or bankets* draft for the 
amount payable, namely 

I Signature 

Mr„ Mrs^ Miss, Ms. or title 


Address m foil 


Fbreranefs) in full 

June 1986 


6. Cheque No. 

□ Pin here your chequeAnoken’ draft for the amoont In Box Z 

RD in this section only when drare is more than one appihwt. The first or sole appBcant should complete Box 4 arid rim Ra, 
in Box 6 th e n a m es and a d d r easre of the second sod subsequent ■pjpBcsntt,caujr of whose signatures is reguftetTbl 


I Mr., Mre, Miss^Ms. or tilde • " | Mr./Mr*-, Miss, Ms. or tide I ~ 


Surname ' 


Mr-.'Mrs^ Miss, Ms. or tide 


S nnii m * ' 

Mr^ Mfa, Miss, Ms. or ride 




x- - 




Equities forge ahead 


lings began June 16 . Dealings end June 27 . §Coniango day June 3 a Senfemenr day July 
§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

(3 TInn N cw s p ap tw Linked 


£ 8,000 

Claims required for 
+32 points 

Claimants shonJd ring 0254-53272 

i 486 

U»» Company 



Pro* ©198 pones % P/E 

54 .» 
163 74 

STD 3S6 
BO 33 
105 8JV 
4» 331 
81 40 

i 7 a 121 

S 2 1 S 6 
fl'j 163'/ 
*8 33 


23'.- 131. 

BD 48 

225 17B 
115 92 


259 171 
260 (38 
315 168 
U'l IT 1 . 
371 253 
10?V 83 
110 93 

118 95 

137 57'.- 
t 33 a 
87 81 
36 72 

Com SMMm 
Cooh (Wmt ' 
COBson (F) 



crest Mchokm 
Own Houm 
Q mm J A 


Dams 8 mm A' 
Dams 3 Newman 

STfe Roe 

Derated Stampers 
Dobson -Park 

Doraioa fed 



DO A. 

42 * . 

153 >13 

SU 8-3 
78 -2 

105 +3 

380 -3 

68 *1 

170 42 

198 *2 

063’/ *-4 

310 -S 

2*3 M *15 

£ 22 * 

14 3.1 ID* 
34 4.1 114 

11 1 24 tl 0 
21 47 438 

<6 44 133 
123 14 12 1 

34 *4 H» 
63 40 139 
111 58114 

37 S 23 .. 
07 * 18 . 
23 Q 7 451 
179 13 103 



45 .. 




4.7 11.1 


• . . 


44 127 




*4 103 

2 D 

■ .. 


46 91 



19 119 

17 * 

14 194 



23 183 






73 149 


7 4 81 

132 V 


29 117 



S 6 


69 209 


. . 


79 189 

ICC 04 

DO Unte 
New London Od 




246 228 Abtagwortr 
184 128 ANkmNuma 
7 SD 300 AMotaoMta 

750 300 Aran rage ira 
19 ] 110 Bartley Teen 
26 13 "i Carafe 
2*3 134 CanMoar 
43 18 Ceramway 
Z 7 V 17 E&Uf s Ban 

13 03 .. 

155 .. 119 71 85 

700 -80 275 19 35 


tlB't -V 17.1 09 744 

263 -. 17 24 415 

27 'J 17 &*ity a Ban 25 -5 

l». IBS hv>aStea 188 • .. 

194 153 Mated* 188 • 

78 75 NaTHdme Lorn 75 •-! 

It 93 OoK £94 >1 

148 114 Newnmttt 141 +1 

-V 13 54 114 
18 49 215 
895 49 253 

Financial TOtata a ppe a r an Pag* 26 


ico*. Ba'i 

07 V 82 * 
1015 07 * 
S 8 >. S 3 >> 
( 01 "» S'. 
97 '. 90 S 
104 'j 977 . ' 
• 99 * 9 B*' 
504 '. 96 * 
102 *. 944 . 
94 % R'j 
702 S ST. 
107-1 93 '. 
106 * 05 V 
Wi S 3 ‘i 
111 '. 94 '. 
06 * 76 '. 
S'. 86 
107 '? 94 
- 95 * 84 '. 
MB'* 9 « 
WB*« 92 * 
92 82 '* 

114 '. 1 Q 3 . 
113 * 101 * 
99 '. 79 *' 
100 * BBV 
IS'. 02 V 

"*8 aHVAKZO Hy Bomur 
198 HO ABed CoaoJcB 
396 291 Araantan 
241 ISO Anchor OwmiCBi 
158 IDS BTP 
111 48 * Beyar DMGD 

128 102 Bnnn 
1 B 9 114 Brtnt Owns, 
loo S 7 -. a Beraoi 
136 92 Cmnng (W) 

28 S 2*5 CoaUa 

160 139 Coates-Bras - 

148 . 112 DO 'A' 

,8 'efe-SS - 

ID. 127 . Craps - 
131 ID Do DU 
245 172 08 S Ewan) . 
2 D 215 RmcMUpsap. ■ 
iso its Hrtfeea Mama*) 
*53 330 HfckSOn 
101 * 78 * Mount DM 50 
10 734 hep Cham kef 
410 333 Urate 

III «E as- 
as B2 teateznk HUD 
178 - 131 ' Hemal - - 

330 216 SNIABPD 


IS 87 ypriotaro Ghana 

13 tJ 195 
10.0 25 153 
8.1 2 . 7 1 U 
5.7 40 209 

700 74 ?7 ' 
105 82110 

60 10 175 
.. 2 IX 

61 42 205 
10.7 45 100 
U 47 U 
68 60 85 
OS— S 3 17 
110 68 164 

.. .. U 5 

68 64 - 17 J 
125 4.7 113 

64 45 110 

21 < 4 . 45113 

471 45 107 

118 14 145 

a 60155 
13 167 

IB.. SO 63 .. 
"IS 28 167 

! ! 576 

11.1 48 269 

43 312 728 

160 139 ASDMU 09 148 

37 21 Alpfere Or*** 2 * 

381 315 Arad 330 

368 236 AB Food 314 

128 97 Assoo nuema . 107 

6477 524 tm 549 

355 240 Banka (Sdaer O) 355 

15 '. 11 * Berner a Dodson i 3 
335 230 Barr (AQ 286 

201 145 ■' Mean Foode - - id 

in . a* Btaanr . ms 

1 »; 146 Batm .158 

150 T> Btoatwd Com - - - -as 
121 54 Or VtedkJO flfifl] 121 

ID-MS' ■ 

270 m OMlOm 220 

9 * 1^.142 DO A - . 191 

2 JB-ZIS- GdM- - 220 

2 B 0 220 DM 240 

201 154 Rshar(Att» 1 ) 168 
SB JSV- FMdiimo « 271 

263 .-B 20 Stan Gtater 220 

B 83 758 ’ Kaitaaomi Food* 363 
250 170 FWmls 220 

323 191 MHnm Hdga 271 
88 75 Home Farm 82 

567 499 Iceland Frozan 517 

292 220 KwrtStM 250 
110 SS Lam (John J] 96 
- 95 - 50 - UNee-CSfl- - - «5 

820 60 S Low (Wtnj B 50 

780 124 M faB iaai a (BetranQ aq 
115 S 3 Meat Tram Supp 105 
218 150 Momwim . 208 

257 210 MOMS y&l (VkTOJ 2)0 
S 2 'i 61 NomnM as 

296 253 Mum Fooda ZS 8 

HO 182 . Midki 8 Peacock 170 
103 127 Wc Foods ID 

2* 1 57 RHU 215 

540 388 HMfflBMJtac 445 
418 344 Somary (J 1 372 

ID 122 Sataaaen fChatn} is 
218 164 SciTpcnw Z» 

658 520 TWa»L fU ' 588 

383 265 Tmco 365 

2 S 0 216 Unmaa. 298 

ZS 9 218 - UkreScato 2(2 

4.1 Z 8 ia 9 

IS 93 560 

11.1 14 160 

17 28 123 
50 4.7 31 J 
168 11168 
MO 4.1 105 
-. ..Ml 
111 42 11 

17 64 103 
30 18 120 

67 17 118 
■74 7 * 27.0 
20 • ■ 1.7 224 
14 40200 

- M 65 16 
101 47 120 
103 54 110 

n m . 208 

IM 1 (VHaoJ 210 


MR 8 Pnflp 

• 43 32.1 55120 

• 410 83 23193 

*■12 130 47 111 

• +2 118 b 50 111 

03 63 195 



433.328 Grand Mat 





206 Kennedy Brocks* 


• 43 




312 Ladbrak*. 





S 45 

447 Lrt, Part Hoteta 



U 3 

27 119 


7 B'i Mart OtetaU 

B 6 

• *2 


23 M 2 


67 Ppnee a W Hotete 



210 144 


58 V Queens Stoat 






371 .Sreroy Hotels 'A' 



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is a mystery to most 

people. Beryl Dixon 

examines the scope and 
opportunities offered 

by this profession. 

Few people know whal an actuary does, 
and most of those probably hold two 
popular conceptions. One. that actuaries 
are well paid, and two that they shut 
themselves away from mankind spend- 
ing their days peering at life expectancy 

The first is trite. The career, while not 
reaching the heights of some current City 
salaries can be. lucrative. And the 
second? Given that the Institute of 
Actuaries defines the work as “applying 
theories of probability and compound 
interest and statistical techniques to 
practical problems." it does not sound 
wildly exciting. 

But “No" says John Waugh of the 
Institute, ‘in pure research one could be 
a hermit with a computer, but nearly all 
actuaries must be able to communicate — 
with clients or colleagues.” 

The truth is that like most jobs, there is 
no standard profile. Much actuarial work 
is concerned with long-term financial 
contracts such as life assurance or 
pension schemes. Sixty per cent of 
actuaries work for insurance companies, 
with a further 20 per cent in consulting 
practices. 10 per cent in pensions and 
insurance broking, and the remainder 
divided between the Stock Exchange, the 
Government Actuary's Department, in- 
dustry. commerce and lecturing. Some of 
these engage in pure research; others are 

Consultants are constantly talking to 
diems. Senior actuaries in companies 
must be able to express themselves at 
management meetings. The “appointed” 
actuary in a life office needs to explain 
things to colleagues unfamiliar with 
statistics. This is a problem common to 
all actuaries - that of communicating 
with people, many at senior manage- 
ment level. Top managers who are 
experts in their own fields but not at 
home with mathematics, may resent any 
implied superiority on the part of the. 
ll is a small profession. About 1.500 
qualified actuaries work in the UK and 
between 700 and 800 British actuaries in 
other countries. But given the present 
shortfall at all levels, good actuaries have 
no difficulty in selecting the right 
company and the right environment 
Many move from straight actuarial work 
into general management and many are 
directors of. their companies. 

With the highest percentage of actu- 
aries employed in insurance companies, 
mosi begin in one. Here they arc 

responsible for evaluating risks, costs 
and investment returns, and for ensuring 
ibai the company has sufficient funds to 
cover payments. An “appointed” actu- 
ary in every company has a statutory 
duly to certify that life funds are solvent 
Those in consultancy partnerships can 
expect io advise clients ranging from the 
Imge company pensions manager to the 
small life assurance company without us 

own actuary or large one considering 
mcriiine different life assurance funds. 

merging different life assurance funds, 
and establish working relationships with 
company secretaries, accountants, solici- 
tors and the Inland Revenue. 

On the Stock Exchange they usually 
specialize in investment analysis and 
forecasting; in pensions and insurance 

The need to communicate 
with clients, unfamiliar with 
figures is an important 
attribute as many managers 
resent implied superiority 

high, even among graduates with good 
degrees, and ranges from 25 per cent to a 
high 75 per cent on some occasions. 
Although one or two papers are generally 
regarded as the hardest, not all students 
find the same papers difficult. 

The reason students find the exams 
taxing is described by the faculty and the 
institute to be' that common to mast 
professions — students constantly under- 
estimate (he demands of studying after a 
day's work. The most successful are 
i hose who sit as many papers as possible 
while still relatively junior — before the 
demands of the job compel ; for lime as 
there arc no part-time courses. All study 
.had to be done, until recently, by 
correspondence supplemented by occa- 
sional tutorials. 

broking, in advising on the merits of 
different schemes. In the Government 
Actuary's Department, actuaries advise 
the Government on public sector pen- 
sions and social security and act as 
consultants to nationalized industries. 

It is not necessary to be a trained 
mathematician to qualify, although most 
actuaries have degrees in moths or 
statistics — and the training is hard. It is 
essential fo become a lei low of the 
Institute of Actuaries in London or the 
Faculty of Actuaries in Edinburgh. Their 
qual ideations arc of equal status but each 
body functions independently and their 
examination structures differ slightly. 

Most English students choose the 
institute and most Scottish students the 
faculty, but this is not always the case. 

There is no formal period of articles. 
Trainees may be graduates in any subject 
“with a significant mathematical 
content", or in any subject at all 
provided that they have a high grade A 
level or Higher in maths. Alternatively, 
A level entrants with maths passes may 
sit the exams at their own pace, subject to 
restrictions on the number of papers 
attempted at one time. 

The average length of time taken to 
qualify is seven years but an ambitious 
graduate could do it in two. and it has 
been known to take 2U! Rumour has it 
that the actuarial exams are the hardest 
of any profession. The failure rate is 

Even if an employer grants study leave 
it is a lonely way to qualify and one that 
needs great self-discipline. Graduates 
may lind the going easier since the 
introduction last year of (wo postgradu- 
ate courses which give exemption from 
some of the exams. Most students now 
un these courses arc sponsored by 

Hilary Flower and James Allwood arc 
actuarial students with the same compa- 
ny. the TSB Trust Company in Hamp- 
shire. Bolh arc unusual. Hilary, a 
cheerful extrovert, has a degree in 
economics and statistics rather than in 
maths. She chose this career because she- 
“wanted to work with figures and 
statistics". But although happy to work 
on her own initiative she would not like 
working alone all the time. She likes to 
feel part of a team in a small department 
and enjoys the contact she has with the 
company's insurance representatives. 

James, with excellent grades in maths, 
further maths and physics, turned down 
a university place and joined the 
company straight from the local college. 
Eighteen months into his training, and 
with several of the exams under hts belt, 
he has no regrets. He is unusual, since 
most 18 year olds in his position would 
have opted for university. 

But bolh he and Hilary had bad 
enough of full-time education — Hilary 
having rejected any careers requiring 
postgraduate courses. Both are pleased to 
have found a professional training which 
can be combined with working, “ft is real 
work.” ‘ says Hilary “wr’re no 1 
supermini ary trainees. We are responsi- 
ble for real projects.” 

treasury consritancy -defined 

position, poz-isk’an, n. Coopers & Ly brand Associates, the 

[ f5?r5 It i r n « » * V k • M pi t * * i h » * ' umcojiKiQiMVi&i kiiiil 

UJK* requires a professional to bring specialist expertise to. 
the challenge of effective treasury management - to 
improve our cheats^ performance and profitability. . . 
par i 9 par*i 7 n. a wide ranging role, possibly being called upon 
to assist with establishing a treasury department, assess the 
profitability of different treasury functions, carry out 
financial strategy reviews, advise on foreign exchange 
management or cash mobilisation, design and implement 
treasury information systems for an international group or 
-advise a client pa asset liability policy, 
professional, pro-fesh-on-al, ad). someone business, 
minded and efficient to help senior executives in the U.K. 
and Europe to review and assess their treasury organisation, 
operations, information and systems needs in a fast 
emerging area- 

past, past t n. a qualified Treasurer, one who up to now has 
. been a past master at running the treasury operations of a 
medium- sized . organisation or number two in a large 
company. . .. 

preferably, pri-fur-ab-lee, ado. a member of the Association 

of Corporate Treasurers. 

probably, proh-ab-lee, a&v. a qualified accountant with 
pizzazz ■ 

personality, purs-on-a-Uetee, n. outgoing. and confident - 
good communications skills are vital in a job where ybu will 
be dealing with most levels of senior management . 
pearl, purl, n. a rare find: an invaluable asset to Coopers & 
Lybrand Associates. . . 

pay,/^ #. not a problem for. the right candidate 
postypast, v. send a full C;Y with daytime telephone number 
to David Paige, refTOl/30, Coopers & Lybrand Associates, 
Piomtree Court, London EC4A 4HT, before you are 
pipped at ibe post. 



Insurance^ Investment 

We are market leaden in providing financial services io teachers — and to 
other professional groups. . 

While we usually promote from within, our present expansion 
programme means we must rake on a number of additional Sales 

We also need additional sales people in most parts of the country. 

The locations are nationwide. The requirement is for experienced 
insurance salespeople wt» want to use their leadership qualities io motivate 
small groups of Area Repres en tatives. 

After three months accelerated induction as an Area Representative, we 
will promote successful newcomers to Area Manager positions. 

The rewards are attractive personal commission e arning s, overriding 
commission on Area Sales, bonus opportunities and other benefits. 

Target earnings are around £20,000 pa. initially, with no upper limits. 

The locations are nationwide. The requirement is for enthusiastic hard- 
working people who warn to enter or develop a successful career in 
insurance sales. 

Our careful selection procedure includes "on-the-job” experience for 
new entrants to sales or insurance - without commitment. Our training 
ensures effective results quickly, and regular support is based on individual 

The rewards are a guaranteed personal territory, attractive commission 
earnings, bonus opportunities and other benefits. 

Minimum eatings will be L 1 5,000 pa, with no upper limits. 

For all these positions, you will be between 25 and 50, have a stable career 
background and possess a current full driving license. 

Write or phone Paul Coombs, Teachers! Assurance, 12 Christchurch 
Road, Bournemouth BH1 3LW. Tel: Bournemouth (0202) 291 1 1 1 for a 
sales career guide and application form. 



We are expanding and are looking for people to join us as .trainers. We 
need graduates aged between 25 and 35 with direct coramerrial/industrial 
experience. We want good communicators who can take responsiblity for 
and animate small groups, previous experience in training is useful, but 
not essential. 

We run intensive courses in English and communication skills for Interna- 
tional Company personnel and professional people. For these coorees we 
develop our own methods and materiaL We have six centres (three in 
London, one in Bath, One in Milan and one in Tokyo) and we run tailored 
courses for companies all over Europe. Willingness to travel is therefore 

There is a 5 week paid initial training period. The current starting salary 
is £11,200. (London). We have staff pension and profit-sharing scheme. 

Please 'phone or write etude 
work experience and giving 

a c.v. giving full details of all types of 
i home and work ’phone numbers, to: 

Anna Staunton 
The Canning School 
88 Earls Chart Road, London W8 6EG 

Telephone 01-938 2111 

The IPG Column 

Young Commercial Director 

S. Home Counties 

c£20K + car 

World market leaders in High Tech. To assume responsibility for the 
complete finance function. This will involve afl aspects of manufacturing. 

complete finance function. This will Involve afl aspects of manufacturing, 
sales and distribution on a world wide basis. Also to assume 
response Sty for sates administration. Age 28-35. Broad relevant 
industrial experience plus ICMA/ACA or equivalent ‘ RefA/433 

Sales & Marketing Managers 

Entertainment/Leisure c£20K + car 

Backed by a considerable number of leading bhie-chfo organisations, 
the fast-growing home entertainment market place offers a number of 
unique opportunities at various UK locations. ‘Hands-on’ roles, 
responsibilities are for tracing, motivating, and c on t r ol li ng teams of 
Sales Executives in the field. 

Aged c25-35 you must have a successful track record in direct sales/ 
management to the domestic market place. Your particular product/ 
service is secondary to your enthusiasm, positive altitude and 
motivation. Naturally, you are capable of working! long and hard -these 
are not 9-5 /obs. ReiJG/920 

Production Director 

Home Counties E 18 - 22 K + ear 

Sophisticated, high-tech design and manufacturing company in Home 
Counties seeks a young, well-qualified Production Director. Age 28-38. 
Experience of small batch, high value production to tight timescales 
essential plus engineering degree. Experience of application of 
computers to manufacturfog management (MRP2) desirable. 

Ref A/434 

Personnel Professionals-U.S. Bank 

City c£15K + bonus + mortgage facility 

Our client is one of the world's leading U.S. banks, employing some 
1 .500 people. They are in the forefront of the City revolution. 

They want to build their personnel team, with two more young Personnel 
Professionals who will provide a service to discreet areas of banking and 
systems staff. The assignments cover recruitment, employee relations, 
career development and manpower plan rung, and will identify salary and 
training needs. 

Ideally mid 20 s and a graduate, you will have progressed rapidly and 
have approx, two years Personnel experience, including recruitment in a 
fast moving environment Your communication skills will be outstanding 
and you will have the presence and ability to influence dynamic and 
demanding staff at aU levels. 

ExceBent benefits package and prospects ina prestigious company. 


Careers in Sales & Marketing 

London/Home Counties £8-10,000 -fear 

We have a tew superb opportunities for personable females and males, 
aged 22-32 in London/Home Counties. Some sales experience 
advantageous, but provided you have strong personal afflfoutes 
including integrity, enthusiasm and a com mi tted desire to succeed we 
wish to near from you. Ref JG/921 

Please phone on 01*31 3780, or write quoting Ref No. 

IPG Technical 
Recruitment Ltd. 

26-28 Gt Portland Su London WIN SAD. 01 -631 3780 (24 hrsl 

Professionals in Selection & Search 


As a result of our continued growth we require several MANAGEMENT 
CONSULTANTS to maintain our development 
Could you be one of them? 

You must be highly motivated with an appefitefor achievement. Your 
successful track record will show that you are thoroughly experienced in 
the business to business area and capable of problem solving for small 
and medium sized companies, be they financial, commerriafpr 

You will receive comprehensive training and the back-up necessary. A 
first-rate remuneration package commensurate with effort is offered, 
it this is your sort of challenge and you are free for an IMMEDIATE 

START toioin our expanding team, please send complete career details 
to Mark Ouinory, Ref: T 1 500. independent Consulting and Management 
Company Ltd.. Universal House. 56-58 Clarence Street. Kingston- upon- 
Thames. Surrey KT1 1NP. 




c. £20,000 + Car 

The Federation of Civil Enprawin* 

52S*1 thTSuft of rarenral promt**® and 
Uv« rapomre to theDi»cw 

W-no®. Training, 

SefeCv. Health and Welfare. 

Safety. Health and Welfare. 

The position involves national ^^Peg Qtw tM^-Pa^- 
;enan« of well established rorarihatwn 
sevicing of committees and advice *o d* , F ??rn&S 
member*. Liaison with bodies such a* CBL C ITB md 
HSE are important fuwtro® of the department winch 
comprises five senior staff amt secretaires. 

requirements include administrative abifoy.a 
knnwledze of employment law and proven cspaoiwy m 

candidate is uniting 

to be under 35 years old. . _ , 

Applications with full cv and detail* of currant salary 

Director General Designate. _ . 

The Federation of Civil Engineering Contractor?. 
& Portugal Street. 



Are you earning £20,000 — £100,000 p.a. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught’s discreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify - 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

Telephone: 01-734 3879 (24 hours) 

32 Savile Row, London, W1 
i The Executive Job Search Professionals! 


An Arabic weekly magazine 
is seeking to recruit a profes- 
sional journalist for the post 
of an Editor in the polictical 
section for polictical editing & 
political studies. A minimum 
of 15 years experience in a 
similar post is required with a 
degree in law. Preferrable 
age 35-45 years. Salary 
£10.000 -£14,000 subject to 
experience. Send your CV to: 
•The Director. 55 Banner St. 
London EC1. 


We are an interiors company, specialising 
in designing and instaliating beautiful fire- 
places and we are currently looking for 
someone to manage our busy, prestigious 

The right person for us will motivate, not 
only our sales people but also our sales 
figures. He or she will be responsible for co- 
ordinating appointments, instructing in- 
stallation teams and generally running the 
showroom operation. Obviously a good 
presentation and pleasing personality are 

In return we offer a real career opportunity 
in fast expanding family business and ex- 
cellent salary, c£14.000 + bonus + 4 weeks 
annual holiday. Non smoker. 

Write or call. 

Marble Hfl] Fireplaces 
72 Richmond Road, 
01 891 6280. 


has created several career 
opportunities for 




Due to nationwide expansion Accountancy 

ParSAnna Rritain'e larna^ n.. ■/ 

Personnel. Britain s largest specialist Recruit- 
ment Consultancy offer challenging and 
progressive commercial careers 

You win be young, (under 30). well educated 
and possess a high level of confidence and 
communication skills. A backarnund in 

communication skills. A background in 
Accountancy would be an obvious benefit 

Apart fro m exc ellent long term prospects, we 
offer an attractive progressive income, tire 
usujU large company benefits, early respon- 
sibility and job satisfaction. Our nationwide 

ers can be; assured of rapid promotion to 
managenal level. 

? r J wrrtB 10 Bob Hicklin for a 
strictly confidential discussion. 

9*1 n 

iJ £ Pi 

*> v. 


*20,000 + p 

u* i£n2' ,, *r*r f 

***> * ■•=* m«u "T “■ •'■ !«sa T£bg 
' :r, '^l 4*® 

» S^H* ct»>ia ?wi fc: ;, . X* 

*** Tl^';.:'. f.w ?„J, ■ *!Bh k 

"*•*> ■ -~ ■• • >^*3.® 

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i u, jv.< ii T^hTS j yTTIT jig KlTi fiiL Xr^Xj 

I jSyfe^rj l / ' V . ' I . 'Jl . 

l»ifrtahto>£Nee»^iMe/Ae 5 «te iJI 



We're keeping ahead of the 
Country’s telecommunications needs, 
can you keep ahead of our 
wooertv needs? 



property needs? 


Mercury Communications, now firmly 
established as the dear alternative to 
British Tefecom, is one of Britain's fastest 
growing new companies. 

Our busy Estates Management teams 
based in London and Birmingham now 
need additional enthusiasticand self 
motivated Surveyors with the entre- 
preneurial spirit to adively participate in 
the demanding on-going acquisition 

>bu will be involved in all aspects of estates 
management nationwide, particularly the 
acquisition of freehold and leasehold 
properties, the negotiation of easements 
and way! eave agreements and consultation 
with local planning authorities. 

j To take up either of these 

needs, challenging positions, you 
i iwwy ^f should be a Chartered . 
n Surveyor with 2/3yearf 

i postguafification . 

experience, ideally gained 
within the communica- 
tions or associated 
industries. A good 
working knowledge of 
landlord and tenant law, planning 
procedures, together with experience of 
negotiating for the acquisition of leasehold 
and freehold interests in commercial 
properly within short time scales is 

In return we offer a salary of up to £13500 
negotiated according to age and 
experience, use of business car and an 
excellent range of benefits associated with 
a dynamic and progressive company 
Please ring for an application form or write 
with foil CV to: 

Susan Tbmlinson, 

Mercury Communications, 

21a John Street London WON 2BL 
Tel: 01-404 5155. 


m im 

Salary £27500/£30J100 (plus LWA) 

- Central Council for :■ 

5 ’ The Cci 

| - . applkau 

mdfiis wNtlring a wicoewortoftfatiaUa Young who fa retiring. The successful j 

it urffl be London based and will be aide to offer: ' 

i Let 

xdwririp in B» dnwhpmfat of social work education end treriniog ) 

S ‘ 

blHly to manage and leadcsccmplw; UX oggqnfaattoa involved 1 

tomajbr change j 

I t 

toady knawledgfe and intaceet in social wads practice andtoeory 1 









Applications are invited from men and woman who hav& experience of scxaal work, 
social; work educafibn and senior management raaparaibflify, and who haveralevant 
a n ad enric and profaeskmal g naHtUv i fronn 

The. Council is art equal oppochmffics employer. Application iozms fa ^kor 
mfnrmatimi fifnn Pnf»mnnl Section, CCETSW, Derbyshire Hcnis^ St Chad's Street, 
L ondon WC1H BAD. Tel: 01 278 2455 ExL 236 . dosing .date for completed 
applications: Fnday,27th June, 1986. - 



."-MflBuficfaririg md'Dg&b p ta o n 
’ ; " Information Systems and Tedinology 
Financ* and Accountancy 

Human -Resources and. Training ___ ~ ... 


Opportunities exist within a number of management consultancy organisations, far 
professionals in tbeabovB sectors toexpand their experience by undertaking prqject- 
based_assignmrats, You should ideaHy be aged 28+, preferably a graduate, and with 
^pro fe ssional qualifications. if a p pro priate. You are how seeking to develop your 
career by applying your intellectual and camnumitfations skills with' a move into 
Conailtamcy. If you thrive on providing adurions instead of cjeating pibUmns, and 
if you prefer to lead rather thatt'SpBow. then consultancy should prove to be the 
challenge you are seeking. ., V 

For further infonnation please write, in confidence, to MaitynCIarke, Manager , or 
telephone for a personal history form. 

Age 28+ London Based £16-3Q000+Car 

We are a major worldwide force in Management 
■ Consultancy and we wish to strengthen what is 
already , one .of die UKVmost talented and broad- 
based management consultancy teams. 

" Our diara cover the whole business spectrum 
from die largest multinationals and Government 
organisations co new ventures and private businesses. 

Our immediate requirement is for outstanding 
fflubjtious graduates who may have some background 
in workingfor the public service and will be able to 
undertake a wide range of work. We would like to 
meet you if you have experience in one or more of 
die Mowing areas: . 

HealthCare . . Management Information. 
Economic Analysis' * Systems Development 
Oigansation . Fmandal Management 

'Disport . .. 1 ___ JfeusmgandD^vdppmgit 

So, if you are interested in die opportunity of a 
l ifetim e by joining a finn ‘poised for growth’ and 
would thrive in a demanding, enthusiastic multir 
disciplinary ream, write to Michael Gardiner; Ernst &. 
Whfoney Management Consultants, Becket House, 

1 Lambeth Palace Road, London SHI 7EU, quoting 
refaenceRI040. ■ 

Ernst &Whinney 

Accountants, Advisers, Consultants."' 

As the leading provider pf worldwide market research for 
the Information Technology Industry, International Data 



Over the past twenty years, Transamenca Instruments have 
established a world-wide reputation for high quality 
transducers and associated electronic instrumentation. 

To satisfy the current and increasing forecast demand for 
the range of products manufactured at Basingstoke, 
applications are invited for the following positions:- 

Ma nu facturing Manager 

Circa £21K plus car 

Reporting to the Managing Director, the Manufacturing 
Manager will have total responsibility for the company's 
production activities. As a member of the middle 
management group, the successful applicant will possess a 
degree or equivalent qualification and be required to 
ex hib it the personality and drive necessary to make a 
significant contribution towards the Company operation. 

A working knowledge of A.T.E., would be advantageous 
and previous experience in small batch production of high 
precision electro mechanical instruments with a substantial 
electronic content, is essential 

Manufacturing Engineer 

(Mechanical) Circa £13K 

To sustain increased technical support to the production ' 
departments, a qualified Engineer with a minimum of three 
.years' practical experience, is required within . 
Manufacturing Eng ineeri ng. ' ' ' 

The successful candidate will need to have an aptitude for 
solving practical problems associated with modem 
instrumentation, process and circuit technologies, hi 
addition to monitoring manufacturing methods, he/she will 
also be involved with the release of new products into 

Both positions enjoy the usual benefits normally associated 
with a stable multinational company. These include 25 days 
animal holiday, private medical scheme, contributory 
pension scheme with free life assurance and possible 
assistance with relocation expenses. 

Applicants should write, giving full career details in die first 
instance to: 

M. J. Barrett, Personnel Manager, Transameiica Instruments 
hhrited, heamcot Road, Basingstoke, Hants. RG22 4X97. 


I t — - 

Management Personnel I 

■ ' . Recnjftmera Selection & Search 

2 Swallow Place, London W IB 7AA 
Telephone 01 408 1694 

® ^ ^ ^ vpaNSI® 

- xPA ‘ 


Radio News 

. ^ r . 

' - ; . .0 


: W*n»aaoqu^ ‘ . 

How would you like to have millions of people 
hearing from you about the Important national 
and international events of the day? Vbu would 
vrorkfoourLxmckinnewsrDnnsrprBparing stories 
for summaries and bufietins on all four national 
networks and f or local radio and reg ional 
newsrooms. This will involve working at 
Westminster, mainly helping to prepare Today In 
Padiamentand Yasterday in Parfiament You 
would sometimes work as a cqpytaster. 

You^ wfll have joumafisfic experience and be 
able to write accurate, dramatic, stylish news 
reports with flair and speed. 

Salaiy£10,946— £15,054. Pius allowance 
of £569 pa. Based Central London. 

Contact us imniediateiy for appficationtbrm 
fquote ref. 9983/T and enclose s.a.e.) 

BBC Appointments, London W1A1AA. 



Cooperation Manager 

The Urtvsretty oftars an Imp ort ant and ehgSaoglng 
-pointment as Industrie Co-operation Manager. K 
excefiert research facffities and a vetywdd# range of 
expertise among its Staff: The University already has 
dose contacts wWi tadusby. parity torough its wtwfiy- 
owned Company, Kant . Sctenfifc and Industry 
. Prefects Ltd- . j' - 

The mein responsibSfies of the post wB be to feicreare 
the volume ot work carried out to act as Managing 
OrecW ot Kent Sefentifeand hxiualrial Projects Ul, 
skJ to advfee rownhera of the University ah contracts, 
patents and sitafiar mattsrs. lt is also Hedy thatdha 
person appointed wffl have respor^btfittes with ragard 
to the newtyestatjfetwd Kent Resaarch and 'Develop- 
ment Centra.’ 

The aucceeafut appfcara must have appropriate lndue- 
trtaJ experience atanwnageriH to»l tachidfaig contract 
nago rafen . and haue. proven Mtiative end entiepce- 
neuriai eUBs. ttwedd be advantageotin for Km/her to 
have experience of working in a unhwstiy. The Wtial 


-• T - Z&S Consultants Limited is a small 
. professional company which provides 
fiager spedanst software services for the oii 
■*. exploration and production industry 
within Europe and the USA. 

Due fo an . expanding workload, we 
require an experienced software engi- 
neer -specifically to design and 
implement user interfaces ana . interac- 
tive graphics in. support of our existing 

outstanding career opportunity for knowledgeable IT 
Industry Consultants and Sales Professionals 


Salary range, £16Kto £25K + Bonus +■ Car + Benefits 

The need is for experienced IT Consultants with proven project management skills, 
experience in questionnaire design and wide ranging industry knowledge to take 

responsibility tor diverse projects involving existing research data, custom research 
and interpretation of results. The positions require considerable empathy with the 
marketing needs of the Information Technology Industry and the personal qualities 
to deal with multi-level dient contact 


Basic negotiable to E20K, &TE £30K + Car + Benefits 

This is an ewallentopfwrtunityfor an experienced sales professional able to negotiate 
at senior (eralwith major IT industry companies. Experience should haue been gained 
in selling computer services, systems, consultancy or software products to emi- 
tters, or alternatively services to the IT Industry. Essential requirements are a good 
broad understanding of. and interest in, the market; well developed sales and 
account management skHEs in influencing the decision making process in large 
organisations; and the personal qualities to be effective in a professional, mufti- 
disciplined environment. 

Applicant? should write or telephone. In complete confidence, to our 
ftaavitRient Consultant; Tteny ‘fonts at Executive Network (Consultants) Ltd, 
19 Bedford Row; London, WC1R 4EB, tel: 01 831 8202/9458, or weekends 
(4 to 9 pun.) and evenings on 0483 223337. 

SmaA. expanding raetuitment 
consultancy - apeoatang m 
hTWRwnonal Bating - wishes 
to appoint ackWoreri 

JIM.Vi 4Via; 

lor new business 
development, cfient kelson 
end candidate cetacean. 
Good standard of education 
required. kJeaSy wtti 
previous finance! experien ce . 
High basic salary phie 
gvwous commission. 
01-638 5286 

1 1 Btornfiekd Street 



Good law graduates to help ten 
f» rstom orapcts. raring 
Statute Lev Rslom. fegotable 
Stan due. 

Write or phone 
NBn JJL MHaas. 
Tb e_Le» Cp maknm. 

37/38 uSsSSmlStti tal 

if-lim wcia ao. 

Telephone: 01-242 0861 
Clang d**» far ■pxf t evftwif 
life July- 


OnpottmiOaa «M tor ^ed- 
uaie» wtth upper 9ecaod 
Oa» Honours mtauwen. 
wanong to move trap fx otad 
treesnry derime wtthtn a 
bank, experience Is mx es- 
sential. Satan- aa«. 
evs to The Roger Parker 
OreantsaWon. 65 London 

foreign travel should be anticipated. 

~We are looking for an outstanding 
individual who win be seif-motivating and 
capable, of independent work and inno- 
vative .thought The candidate should 
possess a good degree, in a scientific or 
engineering subject, with'at least 5 years 
scientific* . -or . technical - programming 
experience. A sound knowledge in the 
Oil industry would be advantageous. 

The salary wflf be very competitive and 
commensurate wrfh experience- Please 
writs with foil CV to Z&S Consultants 
UcL, . .154... Brant** Street * London, 
NW4 2DR. ■ ■ 


Woodstock design and make the finest quality 
hardwbod^ ^kitchenaj bedipoms, hinuture and 
interiors. We require another mature and tal- 
ented person ’with proven experience to meet 
with oar discerning clients, plan and detail 
work fer manufacture ju our WCX workshop, 
and take racponaibility.for entire projects. Job 
satisfaction and exceflent career prospects. 

Telephone 01 833 0404 

Our presstt Organiser retires Aiwtiy. 


-1. . iVTritT* 

— AdiwifettativeaWay, 

— An underatandhgot finance. 

IF YOU ARE: - 55 years or rndar, 

— A car owner, prepared to attend 
evening meetings. 

^•twnm wftiniwitaAtire] KA0.2TOMosfind Annua. SL Alan.- 

Career Crisis? 

Vbu may be in the wrong jot), hare unfufoW ambitions or have 
been mads redundant Cur unique action -oriented, tntisvttualty 
tailored programme lor senior executives will ensure that 
you ettem tour career o&iectivesQuiddy 
To arrange a tree.confidsntial discussion tefeptane01-G3M110 

CNGCUtitie Action 

37 Queen Anne Street. London W 1 M 9fB Un 295693 




Aged 20-27 - London area. 

We are London’s leading independent 
luxury fitted kitchen, company with presti- 
gious showrooms in the West End, Chelsea 
and Ridunond. 

You should be educated to at least ~ A” 
level standard and have a real interest in 
design. Previous experience is not essential 
as we are renowned in the industry for the 
quality of our training. 

You should shun the 9 - 5 mentality 
and be prepared to work on Saturdays; a 
day off is given in lien. Our qualified de- 
sign consultants earn £14V:K p.a. and a 
competitive salary will be paid to start 

Please write (in your own handwriting) 
with brief c.v. and expected salary during 
training to: 

Mr. Edward Hallett, Managing 
Director, The Just Kitchens Group, 
Dainton House, la Upper Brighton 
Road, Surbiton, Surrey KT6 6LQ. 


An international company working with 
high technology and sendee companies, 
seeks a graduate to support it’s research 
activities. A good degree, business ex- 
perience, plus a European language 
{possibly French) required- Salary com- 
mensurate with experience. 

Please write with CV to: . 

Mr D. Boyle, The Service Management 
Group Ltd., 25 Dover Street, London W1X 



Person with jwiqpmqfina and-abUfy to cnete busin es s 
rwjuiretl i© take cro oui central London office. Motiva- 
tion and desire to succeed coupled with a professional 
approach to business are preferred to previous experi- 
ence. Good basic salary, generous bonus scheme, 
company car aad BUPA 

Initially please telephone: 
Mark Broomfield, 

01-589 2133. 






Seeks to employ 







Experience of independent quarry operation, planning, cost con- 
trol and direct supervision is preferred. 


Requires experience in process computer, specially with Procoii- 
tic DP Boo and ED-1000 and sound knowledge in COBOL, 

Background in accounting, costing, store accounts is preferred. 


The personnel we are looking for will be aged 35 - 45 and should have ex- 
perience in their respective fields, preferable in the cement industry of 
minimum 8 years. 

Basic knowhow in English is required. 


Applicants should be educated to 
HND/Degree level in science of related 
subject and will be involved in the prepa- 
ration of sample - and analysis of a wide 
range of raw materials and products, in- 
cluding metals, alloys, chemicals and 
refractory materials. 

The. Company offers an attractive salary 
plus shift allowance, pension scheme, life 
assurance and excellent career prospects. 

Written applications, giving full details of 
career to date, to: 

The Personnel Manager, 

London & Scandinavian 
Metallurgical Co. Limited 
Fu llerto n Road, 

S60 1DL 

Tel: 0709 371101 

SALARY negotiable according to experience and 
proven abilities. 

Attractive TAX-FREE benefits will be offered. 

Interested candidates meeting the above requirements are kindly requested to 
submit their complete application not later than June 30, 1986. 

»Holderbank» Management and Consulting Ltd. 
Engineering Division 
Ref. «Qassim Personnel* 

CH-5113 Holderbank/Switzeriand 


Corporate Information 

Manager 1 

The UKAEA’s Information Technology Branch, based at Harwell near 
Oxford covers all aspects of Information Technology including hardware, 
software and communications. 

The Branch is seeking an expert on information management, with a good 
working knowledge, of computer systems and techniques You will define 

policies and strategies aimed at improving the Authority's management of 
information. The central part of your work will involve the coordination of 
the analysis and design of the Authority's corporate information 
meet. users' needs; you will also provide advice on the suitability or otherwise 
of various methods of implementation, including structured analysis and 

fourth generation languages. 

You will heedto Havepraciical experience of information" management and 
computers from different manufacturers, the design and implementation of 
corporate information systems in a' distributed environment, and their rela- 
tionship to organisational structure. 



wishes to appoint a 


to lake charge of the 
implementation of all aspects of 
the visual arts at the National 
Garden festival to be held in 
Glasgow in 1988. ^ 

The successful \*t 

applicant will show > ^ J 

flair and imagination, # 
and have entrepre- f 
neurial skills to help ^ 
raise money for the * 

commissioning of work. A 
knowledge of UK visual 

arts, especially sculpture, would 
be useful. Further details of the 
brief and scope of the-position, its 
salary/fee, and the core budget are 
available quoting Reference 
<SJ*<TIM to: B®* Glasgow 
y Garden festival 1988 

%a^ Ltd .Princes Dock, 
j Glasgow G51 1JA. 

. g Closing date for 

applications 1 August, 3986. 

. Open to male & female 
. applicants. 


The starting salary for the right candidate cosJd be upwards of £20,000. 
Assistance with relocation expenses may be available. 

Application forms can be obtained (rim P erso nn el and Adadnstration 
Branch, Room 327, II Charles II Street London SW1Y 4QP (01 930 5454 
Ext 321 «r 49!). Gssing date for applications: 27th Jane 1986. 


RKMR nmn Ml jnseafed 
Scaecay/Assstant ante to wort on 

nutn* & as oan of i sraH npdty 
opmtog demnnam wtfw highly 
prugB s m firm DLOSB p. 

nog 602 5581. 
No Ageades 


The NMW Group Is the leading computer service company In the Finance Sector. 
We have sustained expansion over a 14 year period and deregulation provides 
just one of several exciting growth opportunities. 

Is your long-term future with NMW? 

If so we have the following vacancies to offer: 


-to maintain and strengthen relationships with existing customers, sell new 
products and identify future requirements. 

STOCKBROKERS’ CLERKS (London and Cheshire) . 

-to be involved with Customer Liaison and be able to communicate atali levels. 


-to Join ateam dealing with corporate strategy, business and feasibility studies. 


-a good knowledge and experience of 1CL equipment, VME,TP and iDMS wilfbe 
a definite advantage. 

SYSTEMS ANALYSTS (London arid Cheshire) 

- knowledge of stockbroking and/or the Finance Industry Is required. 


-with IBM PC/AT experience including Micro-COBOL, LAN, Spreadsheets and 


-with two years’ COBOL experience in the Finance Sector! preferably on 1TL 

These posts offer excellent career prospects, first class salaries and benefits 
package and relocation expenses where necessary. . . 

. For application forms please contact: The Personnel Manager, NMW Computers 
pic, Stapeley House, London Road, Nantwich, Cheshire CW5 7JW or write In 
confidence with full CV to the Managing Director. 
iUR If you wish to discuss these or any other opportunities with NMW 
in complete confidence, telephone Gordon Williams or Penny 
HF Jackson on 0270 626023. 


Amoco Chemicate (Europe) SA, a testing petro- 
chemical. producer, has an opening for a product 
specialist position In the Petroleum Additives Market- 
ing Department in Geneva. The-successfol candidate 
>61 be part of a product management team and wiB be 
responsible for technical product support to sates, 
customer technical service and ass i stance with prod- 
uct -and market development The position, which has 
attractive growth potential wW Involve Batson with area 
managers and customers througout Europe as wen as 
with manufactuing and R+D. 

The ideal candidate wffl have a good professional 
qualification in chemistry or chemical o ngin oortng , 
have a good command of English and possibly Ger- 
man and French plus live years industrial experience 
preferably In lubrteants/ a d di t lves appBcaUons. An aM- 
rty to communicate with people at til levels is 

The successful candidate wffl have an exceiant 
opportunity to develop and expand commercial skas 
in an international marketing environment . . 
Amoco Chemlcats fEurope) SA. offers excefleht sal- 
ary and benefits. Cantidatss are invited to submit 
comprehensive cwrictium vitae, references and sal- 
ary history to: 

Personnel Department 
15. rue Rothschfld ■ . 

1211 GENEVA 21 

Attru Nicole Grosfffley 

AU a ppB catto n s win be maintained strictly confidential. 


Quantity Surveyors required for short term con- 
tracts (Hi major tourist project in South Island of 
New Zealand. 

King Edward's Hospital Fond for London 
Senior Officer 

Salary: £12,927-£1 6,313 plus London Weighting 
allowance £1,333 

The King’s Fund is setting up a Task Force to work with Health 
Authorities to Implement equal opportunities' policies for ethnic minor- 
ity groups in the National Health Service, particularly in the field of 

Contracts from 6-12 months starting as soon as 

Experience in taklng-off and cost planning 
would be preferred. 

Package includes return fares ami assistance 
with accommodation, and. there is also the 
opportunity for weekend traveL 
Interviews to be held a t address below from 
23-26 June 1986. Please telephone NA Davis 
on 01-437 0474 to arrange an Interview with NZ. 


5 Golden Square, 
London W1R 3AE. 

We are seeking a person to.act as a full-time officer to manage the project He/she will be 
expected to have knowledge and experience in. the field of equal opportunities. Practical 
experience in implementing codes of practice would be an advantage, as would a knowl- 
edge of the Health Service. Applicants must be prepared to travel and spend time out of 

The Task Force wifi be located at 14 Palace Court, Bayswater. 
The appointment is for three years. 

Further istonnatwn and application forms can be obtained in coofttenca from: Maureen Connelly, 
Nog Edward's Hospital Fund for London, 21 Palace Court, London. W2 4HS. 

Applications should dictate a G.V. and referees (one .from a recent employer). 

informal enquiries should be addressed to; Margaret MeCarSiy, Assistant Secretary. King Edward's 
Hospital Fund for London, 21 Palace Court. Leandro. W2 4HS. 

The closing date ter written applications is: 18th July 1986, 


Marsh and Parsons one of London's leading 
Estate Agents require a negotiator with a 
proven track record And good knowledge of 
furnished rentals to join their busy and 
expanding Furnished Department. . 

The successful candidate will be hard working 
and capable, with a sense of humour and team 
spirit and be based in Symons Street Office 

Please contact Fiona Dunlop on 

937 8760 




Wlston House Conference 
Centre, near Steyntng in west Sussex, 
is the home of the Wilton Park series 
of International conferences. Open to 
high-level particJpantsfnom the 
25 countries of the OECD, the 
conferences provide a forum fertile 
exchange of views on a wide range of 
Internationa? and comparative national 
Issues under the leadership of the • 
Centre's academic staff. One or two 
posts of Conference Adviser are now 
to be filled. Appointment wm be for 
e period of 3 years Initially with the 
possibility of extension or permanence. 

Ybu would be responsible for 
developing themes-and organising 
conference programmes. Inviting 
speakers, chairing plenary sessions 
and discussion groups, writing 
conference reports, and contributing 
intellectually, administratively and 
socially to the success bTtrie meetings. 

Preferably aged at Ieast30, yoa 
must have a degree with first or second 
class honours, or an equivalent or 

higher qualification, preferaWy in one 

of the a>clai sciences; an enthusiastic 
Interest In international affairs and in 
political and security issues: several 
years* post-graduate experience in 
relevant academic work, public 

' service, or the private sector: and 

good communicative skills. A good 
knowledge of French and/or German 
and experience in social hosting at 
conferences are desirable 

' some overseas visits may be 

Salary: £1-4.315 rising to 
£19,465. Starting salary may be above 
the minimum. Relocation expenses 
may be available 

For further details and an 
application form tto be returned by 
16 July 1986) write to Civil service 
Commission, Alencon Link. 
Basingstoke. Hants RG21 13B, or 
telephone Basingstoke (02561 468551 
(answering service operates outside 

office hours!. • 

Please quote ref: G/6929. 

The Ovtl Servicers an equal opportunity employer 

$60,000 OTE 





If you have, then INTECO Corporation, 
(one of Europe's fastest growing con- 
sultancies), would like to talk to you. 
INTECO is the market leader in Europe 
for industry analysis and comment 
based upon primary research. 

A Sales Director is required tq present 
fNTECO's expanded range of services 
to major U.S. . European and Japanese 
'c6mpn$’.Tnanufdcturers arid distribu- 
tors as well as the financial community. 

Based in London, the position offers an 
exciting opportunity to interact with 
Senior Management of the European 
Computer industry and to travel cover- 
ing our Trench, Italian and Spanish 

The successful applicant wfl! have a de- 
gree, three or more years computer 
selling experience phis excellent 
presentation skills in English and 
French. Italian 8i/or Spanish would also 
be useful. 

Please send C.V. including earnings 
history to: " • - 

Roger. R. Barnes. 

Executive Vice President, Marketing 
INTECO Corporation, 

60 . The Strand, . 

London WC2N SLR 



English subsidiary of French 
Transport Company requires Com- 
mercial Executive iti transport 
development Fluent French Essen- 
tial, salary £16,000. pa + 
commission. ... 

Reply to; ' 

Mrs. G Brnlet 

- 54 Conduit Street, 
London Wl. 
01-439 1735 


P rote ssttgal fiudanca and 
Assessment for all ages. 




1S-24 yrc COUMS. CmMS 
25-34 jus; Progress. Changes 
35-54 yrc fWew, 2nd Cnen i 

ft* debts ei face btodiue:- 

To teach in Spain for tfaa 
.' comine school year, 

■ ; 'l^^- Mustha^ 

Fh jveiwty degret/ESL. ST 
interested please call . - 


90 Soured* Rare OT 
31-935 5452 (24 1»} 

OUOUATn TKnrTnliut t> 
Nullvnwd SI* required lor 
oUBIWwd U totfoa Coauultan- 
cy Anuctpatod Ml ytnf 
Nmlins c£ 1 2.000. Trtrptxmr 
01-82Q 2462 

ruaax n«uM (or itfto env 
Srafcrrw AcvMeanb ratal Or 
26 *. no pmMw nsnttnn ’ 
mom' os. run MnlM often. 
Mr NtctwHon on 01-3S3 6800 


rcQwrrrt ay anwU in sw 

[MdM for s numUif wort on 
drwte or rernuw aroananmo - 
S4idf> ay MfrtnUon ruxonv 
modaOon ponlUc. Can Q1 W 
»i« ». 

you «>iov nmtng. wnnrm 

nnyr law. proving. a high 
inn or imict to hm immob 
press. CrddMM 8L+- T«to- 
(MIWOI 460 6012. 

CTi PLU* ni t a vinr hop 
ana Mi warch a«J\Ka. 24hre 
nruumaM K»927*-n209. ' 

to Irani W isgum ana catn- 

■ Dtncum of uk bertton trada. 

■ Mature person aMr to wort un- 
der B WBWl . AfM SS4S 
Satanr-cornnMnnirato wltti ex- 
perience Based Edgwara Rd_ 
NW» Contort Mr SUrn-on 90S 
2719. 1 - 2 pn. 


ATI unitor 46 wtM raukl br 

very good ai fteiwne ilie Mbs 

buy nkr IbblAd M467 BDW 
London swi ntair aoennoKrT 
basic CXtXBOO P A- Plus good 

c hwi Walon prtwludnc to cc rcn 

Of £16.600 f>.A, Oi 621 VW. 

CVS prerrakHMmr wrtn«ji. 
Cnovre ol iijv vua acw 
Jrl PM&fln 02406^3367 

Intei£xec is (feorganisationspcdal' 
icing in Ac confidential promotion of 
Senior Executives. 

vacancies or apply few appointments. 

InterExetis qualified specialist stafi 
and access to over 100 unadvertised 
vacancies per week, enable new appoint- 
ments at senior levek to be adnevetL 
rapidly, effectively and confidentially. 

Foramutaallyexplwatotymfgtmg te l q A oo e: 

London ;• ® 01-930 5041/8 


021-632 5648 


-Bristol ® 0272 277315 

. 30BaUwmSotcL 

Edinburgh © 031-226 5680 

47z Gcocgr Street. 

Leeds ® 0532 450243 

12 Sr. Paul's Street. 

Manchester ® 061-236 8409 

Fauftner Hoose, F an lhgr Street _ O 



Sadlers’ Wells* with its revenue 
and capital needs, and its con- 
stant search for sponsorship for 
a range of interaationahpr esen - 
tations, offers one of the great 
opportunities for fund raising 
for the Arts in Britain. 

We axe now seeking to make a 
Senior full-time appointment to 
direct our campaign for- the 
next few years. 

A successful tract record in 
fund ra i s i n g , by no means nec- 
essarily in the Arts, is expected, 
along with an ability to work 
with ^ enthusiastic vol untar y 
committees' and a s mall profes- 
sional team. 

n arro w wimm utr Rnmai 

Me. wen cwHM pmon wim 
Ccrrrwd 4itd Frendi lowwt 
muDtrnurn A leven nmfra try 
. Editor far Incuw-y Weakly Bi 
He (stoma TraHhg atocn. 
SKionegoitaMf KMwtWri 
micH (carton to Thw Editor. 
EBM. PO Box 7 MMM. Stir ' 
rey-KTSl 201 

More "details available from: 
The Director’s Office, Sadler’s 
Wells Theatre, Rosebery Ave- 
nue, London, EC 1 R 4TN, to 
whom a brief C.V. should be 
sent in the first instan ce 

Snider’s Wells is on • 
■Equ^l Opportunities Employer. 

_ No natter whether yoa are seekma another 
job or^enng a new career, worn pro vile 

vnn viA . . . T 

-, 0 °j', sen ^ e JL ^or-ftade to yoor Ws and 

. u_- irt .- ii . iii _. b j ■ _■ (irvi — jvui uwuu niw 

advertised and unadvertised vacancies, we aim 

fiy Fnra lesS . C ° lie ^ ^ less COST. 


" . " . . ****»eBhe«J 0628 73502 

cixecnote Services ^nteMOtNSlKttS^ 

i i h'** —-*-* 

'Tr. r<?-i 


.-.r ■ rr - * 

4| t ji;T *’■- 

.. ;• * ... a 

j : - d -j 

* i;- .. * 

■ 'I 

-i . ‘‘i ■ 

6.V *■ 




• J i 



We are one of the largest reenrifanent 
consultancies in the UK and doe to the 
rapid growth -of business with 'prestigious 
companies, we are now seeking additional ‘ 
National Accounts Executives, based, in' 
London to join oar professional sales t/*»m 

If yott ''are’ 4 28+,- eieif motivated. weB 
organised;- with a proven -track record in, 
sales, together; with the ability to make 
formal p re sen t ations to clients at -senior 
level - : ’ . i 


This position- will command an extremely 
attractive package, including a company car. 

For further information please contact 

Myra Greif 
Alfred Marks 
Adia House. - - 
84/86 Regent Street 
- London WlA 1AL - 

Tel: 43V 7855 


A m^or international Stockbroker requires a 
Sales Executive for its American department. 
Based in London, the job wiO involve selling a 
quality research product and top tr ading 
capability to institutional clients in the LUC 
and Europe. 

Applicants should have at least five years’ 
international experience acquired in U.S. 
troking cr related financial activities, and 
prefet^Hy bean NUiA. or CLEA. 

Please seni a comprehensive career resume, 
quoting ref: 2578, and since applications wffl 
befora^ideddirecttoourdient please mficate 
any Brms to whora .you do not wish to apply, to 
W.L.Tait, Executive Selection Division. 

& louche Ross 

The Business Partners 

F£B Hcnsc. I Lkrie New Street, London HC4A 3TR, , 
Telephone: 01-353 SOIL A 



We're seeking -four special individuate to join us. 
They'D be London based. 25-30, and hungry to 
succeed in dealing with financial services 

Previous experience Is unnecessary as training 
will be from scratch. 

-fetephone Mario CateJalo on 4092615 
between 10 am and 4pm weekdays. A Spcafl EggB 
couM lead you to more than just a bob or twa NfcMr 

Important Appointments 
in Marketing Research 

OurcBeutla a weO established; London based Market Research Agen^wHfa a high reputation far 
the quality and dtantty of tta work acrosa consumer, commercial and MusbttfMds. ‘ - 

The Agency now requires talented and energetic staffto participate fufly to fa cummt growths 
development plana. 


We are seeking a person who is looking 
for a fulfilling and rewarding job in a 
desirable situation. The applicant should 
have the following qualifications: 

Desire to work hard and flexibly, 
intelligent, an ability to trade, ability 
to lead men, aged 30-40 with apti- 
tude for boats and fisheries. 

.The job will consist , of leading a small 
dedicated team with responsibility for 
buying shell fish, managing their cultiva- 
tion and production and also general 
management The Individual should have 
an ability to get on with people and have 
an outgoing personality. The company is 
a small expanding operation on the 
coast of East Anglia. 

Reply to: Box J69. 

Central London 

Management Systems Accountant tUfiOQ 

As an integral member of the Marketing DMsfon of 
this leadng European corporation you w9 be imple- 
menting new development programmes whilst 
pioneering a range of DP Support projects designed 
to maxkntse corporate devetopmant 

Deputy Rets# Accountant 


Your move into this high profile mutepie 'reader wnH 
enhance your accounting strife white! developing in 
you a broader business appreciation necessary for 
future career development. 

For further Man — Bon please contact Diane Mum- 
mery, Coneottaat, M a nagemen t Personnel, 2 
SwaSow Place, London W1R 7AA. Telephone: 01- 

taeturer of magnetic media products tor 

word processors, is r * 

sentafive. Located in 

aaerva m s 

for an sates to deatera, OBriS and targe 
users in Europe. You should have amMaumof To 
years sales exp erience with at least five years as a 
manufacturer's sales representative to office or com- 
puter related products. Abifify to work with minimum 
Supervision is considered an asset A working knowl- 
edge of the English, French, and German languages is 
required. Salary, benefits, training program and rtcen- 
tive plan » provided. Please send your dwtaied resume 
and salary expectations to: 

Gideon Verdi 
Vice Prestient ■ 

DiDAK Manufacturing Limited 
P.O. Box 41. 90 Decosta Street, 

Amprior. Ontario K7S 3H2 


Selling mainly British goods to Japa- 
nese customers is looking for Senior 
Manager/Manageress for Cosmetic 
and Fashion Department. 

Senior Purchasing Manager to coordi- 
nate the buying of clothing, Leather 
goods, China ware etc. 

■ The Candidates must have at least five 
years of experience in Japanese cloth- 
ing and Cosmetic Market Knowledge 
of Japanise trends, taste and language 
are essentiaL - - 

The candidates should apply in 
writing to 

House of Hanover 
6 Hanover Square, 

London W1 




Extensive experience in practice 
administration, surgery and ' 
medicine required. Post gradu- 
ate qualifications in internal 
medicine a prerequisite to estab- 
lish a referral practice. 

Apply in writiig with CV to | 


We are a busy, friendly young practice of Con- 
sulting Engmeexs near Famogdon tube station, 
and we need a Library Assistant to leant 
library/arc hiving work and help with some 
admin. Typing useful, but not essentiaL May sait 
graduate or instore person returning to work. 
Non smoker. 

4 weeks holiday and free lunches 3 times a week, 
together with good starting salary. 

Write enclosing handwritten CV to: 

Alison Greig, Alan Baxter & Associates, 
1-4-16 Cow cross Street, 

London EC1M 6DR. 

• Associate Director GuaitativeResearch Executive 
c. £23,000+ Car and Benefits c£16,000+Car 

The successful candidate, probably aged around The person appointed will be expected to take 
30, win be able to demonstrate sound comrnefriaJ control of a wefe- variety of projects, fndudng ad- 
acumen andihe abffity to enftancethe company's vertisinQ research and NPD. Apart from the neces- 
already excellent efient base. Ideaty he or she sa/y experience and quafities, iris essential that he 
should have some area of specialisation and win or she should be enthusiastic and aWe to work 
have akeady established a reputation id research- well as a member of a team. Re£WaCR90S 

agency management - Ref. No.CR87] : - 

These Important .appomtments offer frst-class opportunities for career development and will be of 
particular interest to candidates with energy and ambition. .' 

AppfcatibRsi 'quSng the appropiiate'reference ruimbei; are invited, m strides? confidence, to UiOveiis 
or Kate Daim, HughesOrsns and Hewitt lid. Executive Recruitment Consultants, 32 Savile Roi* London 
WIXIAOTfei: 01-437-7559. - ■ - 

No Wormatk» our tSent without tteappikantS prior permissioa T TATT 

Knight Frank 
U & Rutlev 


If you are between theages of 21 and 
25, quick witted, well organised, 
discreet, can. take pressure and have a 
current driving' licence, and believe you 
have a flair for selfing, there could be an 
opening for you as an assistant to a 
senior negotiator in the country's 
leading residential sates agency. 

The job involves assistance in the 
preparation of sales material, response 
to telephone enquiriesand assistance in 
negotiations. You would be based in the 
firm’s Hanover Square headquarters, 
have contact with some interesting and 
wefl known people, and undertake a key 
role in a young, hardworking and 
successful team. 

Apply in writing only with C.V. to Antony 
Warctell, 20 Hanover Square, London 

20 Hanover Square 01-629 8171' 

London WlR OAH Telex 265384 


Barbecoo Ltd require a Sales 
Person to sell our leading range of 
hotel china to major groups, 

' - restaurants, etc. 

The positive, active and initiated 
person that we shall employ for this 
position requires proof of a 
successful career track record in 
sales and preferably experience 
selling to the hotel and catering 

Age 25 - 35 
London Based 
Interesting salary package 

Please write with MFCV to:- - 

The Sales Director" 
Barbecco Ltd 
Goldwell House 
Bath Road, Newbury 
Berkshire, RG13 1JH 



ured for print 
'efesates ex- 
eterra) plus 
and common 


01-352 3551 . 

*MU1 omCUL TMs new 
con hat been tstabOsiwd to » 
ast bi Die organMM of a auwr 
appeal prowarame and lodrvcl. 
Off new fund raising ideas. 
AMbcaib iwd have good 
rawuiMWtation and u ua&ouio 
skins, awnwe r of cmduhi 
arosm and events will be an 
advantage. Please write wtth 
CV jo Item Scon. Secretary, 
enttsh Home and HospUal lor 
tncuraMes. Crown Lane. Lon- 
don. SW16 3JB. by 50th June 

JOBS M THE MM fEmp. «».l 
260 vacancies for bays /flirts 
18+ lo work in famous AlMne 
reaorts. Lang Pours and very 
hard week tout gaad nay and 
condwons. K no wledoe of 
French/Gemem ancL'or hotel 
ewerteoce vatuawe. All tons 
Iasi full season Dec. ■ April, in- 
lerviews SepL. Write wtth &a^_ 
P.O Box 386. London SWIX 




Herts cJE 17,000+ relocation 

Due to expansion and promotion, our client, the bi-tech 
arm of a nuqor multi-national, now requires a Divisional 

Controller Designate. ... 

Based in luxurious offices, key responsibilities will 
encompass project eval. »tion and control, financial 
planning and systems introduction. 

To take over from present encumbent within 18 months you 
will be a Newly Qualified Accountant, or awaiting results, 
creative, capable and persuasive. 

For more information call ANNIE HEATH quoting 

Wi 01-242 6321 

Personnel Resources 75 Gray's Inn Road London WC1X SUS 



' i H 



We are a fast growing established re- 
cruitment consultancy who require a 
highly motivated achiever. 

The successful person will ideally have 
experience in a similar management 
position and wHl be able to demon- 
strate a proven track record. 

This is a superb opportunity for the 
right person who has the skill end tem- 
perament to succeed in -a : dynamic 

A first rate (negotiable} package wifi 
reflect the importance of tnls chalieng-- 
ing position. 

For. an initial discussion, 
telephone the Managing Director 

on 01-439 6481 


Retail Consultants 


Our client is looking for people who started at tie bottom and are 
making their way to the top of the retail motor industry. Thoroughly 
experienced in ail areas, especially new and used sales and financial 
management you are ready for the next challenge. Intelligent 
versatile and, above all, practical, you have the ability to stimulate 
others. It Is unlikely that anyone under 35, or earning less than 
£25,000 p^., will be suitably qualified forthe position. 


Your role will be to act as a troubleshooter and adviser to the 
company's existing and expanding network in the areas of your 
expertise. You will contribute significantly to the success of individual 
dealers and the network as a whole. Based in the south of England, 
the position will involve travel throughout tiie UK. 


One of the leaders in the UK motor industry, our client is set on a 
course for sustained growth. Successful candidates will have 
outstanefing prospects for future development 
If you fit the bill, please telephone today on 01-900 032L 
Or write, quoting reference ABA/3175, to Lew Levy, s9S 

Director of Recuitment, Aplin Phillimore Associates, -ISKjR, 

Circle House North, 69-71 Wembley Hill Road, iTir 

Wembley. Middlesex HA98BL 9-7 


Aplin Philumore 


HimterPrlnt (City) Limited, a subsidiary of the 
HnnterPrint Group Pic, wishes to appoint two top catena Sales Execu- 
tives. Successful applicants will form part of a small professional Sales 
team based in Loudon ECl wtKwg high quality fan cnlnnr p i f ptin g 

across financial and industrial markets. 


NDI Samuel Investment 
Services lid reqatB Executive 
aged 30 - 50. with a 
background in Industry, 
Comnira or the Professions, 
to be trained to offer a wide 
range of firanrt services to 
tasmessmen. professional 
intermediaries ft individuals. 
Sand CV to 


c. £17,500 




Required far contem- 
porary art ggaDezy to 
assist with sales and 
publicity. - Salary 



Computers & Office 
Eqtapmerrt \cr Multi-National 
Companies in London/South 
East Basic salaries of up to 

0732 866657 

An energetic, mature, personable and qualified ACA or ACCA is 
sought for thia large and fast moving Housing Association, which has 
assets worth £200 million, over 5,000 homes and one of the largest 
development programmes in London. One of a team of three manag- 
ers reporting to the Finance Director, the Chief Accountant will be 
responsible for all key aspects of accounting, statutory reporting, 
budgetary control and treasury management within the Association 
and will manage a team of five staff. 

The successful applicant may currently be working in the profession 
or have gained two or more years experience outside it not neces- 
sarily with a Housing Association. The ability to interpret the 
accounting implications of new activities and to develop systems and 
procedures to monitor them is essential, as are staff management 
skills, and experience of computerisation would be an advantage. The 
Association runs an IBM 34 and numerous microcomputers and has a 
vigorous program of software development. 

Applications are welcome from any person, regardless of sex, sexual 
orientation, disability or ethnic origins, as part of PCHA’s equal 
opportunities policy. Interested persons should write to: John 
Poynton, BSc FCA MIMC, Finance Director, Paddington Churches 
Housing Association Limited, Electricity House, 296 Willesden Lane, 
LONDON NW2 5HR., or telephone him or his secretary, 
Carol Delaney, on 01-459 8622 for an application form or 
further information. 


I nterna tio nal Gonafruction Materials Company, 
seeks experienced Marketing*™! Sates Ransonnal 
for London and SoutoEatfrarwL-Myet be hffly ex- 
perienced in safes of construction, materials and 
liaising wftii efforts. Position cafe highly moti- 
vated and dynamic penonaKy. Salary and otter 
terms are negotiable according to -experienced. 
A ppfcama are Invtted to sand tt>4r'C.VA in conn- 
dance to- 

Pnsowfl Dept, 

. . . Lfenbel Lid, 

Center Howe, 

4tt/Hoor, .. 

• ... 1-ft Warrick Row. 

London, $#1E WL r 

B ac k ed by the considerable resources of a group widely recognized for 
thaw quality, service and commitment to growth, the appointments carry 
excellent career prospects for the right people. 

A knowledge of City printing w5i be an. advantage, but equal conndBntkn 
will be given to applicants who can demonstrate his/ha sales ability, and 
the necessmy drive and ambition to succeed, in a competitive market- 

The job pffiars a competitive salary together with a performance KnUd 
bonus, company car and pension scheme. 

PJeae apply in writing, with C.V. tor . 

David Bitsema, % 

Marketing Di r ec tor. . < . . 

HtmterPrint Group Pic, 

Saioft Way East, • 

Oakley Hey Industrial Estate, Mg jl ' ■% H » 
Corby. Northants. NN18 BEX. . HUtifGft nfe fH 


■ muttE masts - 

:To to^n + bane .+ ctr 

Our dents. aSeUam ft nojor 
tanks. BBBffljfseek ste people 
mnee v jenor lmfe. M 
pamatnn b on went Suit yoq 
M sefeno B dfees. ' 

Plow om 30424-^ - 
K p Pw ow n ri Aar 

TO EARN £25,000+ p^. 

ComhiU Publications would like to talk to 
articulate, positive conununicatoss capable of 
working on a range of prestige publications from 
our Covent Garden office. 

Cafl David Conway or Ben Crocker on 


Young Solicitor 

For UK Corporate Banking 

We would like to recruit a further solicitor to work as a banker in our highly successful and 
expanding UK Corporate Banking Department The successful applicant will be able to use 
his/her legal skills and experience in marketing, structuring and negotiating a wide range of 
banking products for major British companies. The work will be demanding but it will also 
be interesting and varied Typical transactions and products will include MBOs. swaps, 
structured trade facilities, property finance, commercial paper programmes and tender panel 
facilities as well as medium-term loans and standara acceptance credits. ' " 

Applicants should be under 30 with a good degree and have 2-3 years' post-qualification 
experience, as well as a thorough grounding in UK banking law and practice. 

We offer a competitive salary, subsidised mortgage, 8UPA, non-contributory pension 

scheme and free life assurance 

Applicants should write, in confidence, with full personal and career details to> 
Gareth Hughes, Assistant Manager - Personnel, 

Kleinwort Benson Limited 20, Fenchurch Sheet, London EC3P 3DB. 

Kleinwort Benson 

The International Merchant Bank 




Banking Consultants 


International Dealing Systems 


to £25,000 + car 

Our client, a major supplier of systems software, is seeking to recruit several banking 
specialists to assist in the development of front end dealing systems in the City and 
other financial centres around the World. 

The company has already sold a range of highly successful front end and back office 
dealer facilities to major international banks. The front end dealing systems, based 
on DEC VAX hardware, address the needs of direct deal capture, decision support, 
risk and cashflow analysis within the FX and money market environments. A 
committed aim of the company is to widen the scope of the product using the latest 
structured design techniques and standard DEC VAX software. 

The role you will play within the Products Group is key to the firm's planned 
expansion. You will work closely with clients and with in-house technical experts to 
define specific user requirements in sufficient detail to enable functional designs to 
be produced. Thus a dear understanding of the relevant banking operations plus the 
ability to document and communicate them verbally and in writing are of paramount 

Preferably with a degree or banking qualification, you should have had 3 to 5 years’ 
experience in a banking environment with an emphasis on FX or money market 
activities. You are likely now lobe working in a financial institution or consultancy 
and have gained some knowledge of state-of-the-art computer systems. Above all 
you will have the enthusiasm, drive and initiative required to meet tight deadlines 
and exacting standards in a highly challenging environment 
These positions represent exceptional career opportunities to use your knowledge 
of international banking operations in the fast moving world of new technology with 
one of the foremost systems suppliers. If you are an above average professional with 
outstanding technical, communication and management skills, you will thrive on the 
variety, excitement and exposure to the very latest City developments which this 
prestigious organisation can offer you. 

To discuss in strictest confidence, please telephone Jermy Riley MA MBCS on 
01-629 7594 (or 01-660 8665, evenings and weekends). Alternatively send a cv to her 
quoting ref TT33II at: 

fiTl Barry Latchford Assoc iates Tel. (01) 
i“* 10, Scdley Place, Mayfair. London W1R 1HG 629 7594 


' 25 High Holborn London \VC IV GOA Selection Consultants 01-405 3499 


International bank requires an experienced person to deal with training programmes for their 
international audit teams. 

Experience of audit, an expulsive personality and the ability to communicate are more important 
than a formal training qualification. 

This involves preparation and writing course material as well as presenting it so knowledge of 
accounting procedures should be comprehensive. The audit teams include chartered accountants, 
computer staff and graduates. Varied and interesting with some travel both in UK and overseas. 

Salary will be commensurate with experience but no less than £18,000 p*. Please contact Sbelagh 
Anted on 01-583-1661 



and USA. Rapid progression will follow with commensurate salary increases. After one year 
successful candidate will expea to earn £19,000+ with a wide ranging package of benefits. 

Please telephone Alan JR Jacobs on 01-583-1661 

ASB ACCOUNTANCY. CVs for both positions to 


50 Fleet Street London, EC4Y 1BE 


Improve Real Profits? 

Age 26-32 c.£30,000 plus car 

A leading firm of management consultants business 

wishes to expand the financial side of their very processh 

successful practice. .• " Gn 

The emphasis is on practical analysis and ACMA, i 

problem solving, and then assisting clients to commen 

implement realistic profitable solutions. Those who expect at 

have an original approach to financial management acar. 

will enjoy the challenge. There are 

opportunities to work on assignments . — J rfV-— 

with consultants In a whole range of K CHwjgln vWTT 

busi nes s a*id consultancy disciplines including data 

. " Graduate qualified accountants (ACA, CA, 
ACMA, ACCA) with some experience in industry 

commerce or financial services aged 26-32 can 
expect an excellent remuneration package Including 

Please wrjte in absolute confidence to 
' . R N Orr, quoting our client reference 

Orr M2642. 

Management Consultants 1 

12 New Burlington Streetl^ndonWIXlFFTelepboire 01-439 6891 


Our client, a substantial U.K. manufacturing group, offers a 
development opportunity to a high calibre controller. Providing 
comprehensive support to the Commercial Director, responsibilities 
encompass group statutory and management accounts, cash 
management, forecasts, budgets etc. Based at Head Office with 
responsibility for six staff, the Controller will be directly involved In 
tire development of accounting systems at a major manufacturing 
site also In Bucks. Suitable candidates aged 28-40. will be qualified 
accountants with a proven track record within a manufacturing 
environment Ref: JG. _ : 

bucks. £22,000 + Car 


Our client a broadly based pic with a strong flnandalservices 
orientation and an exceptional record of growth and profitability, 
requires, due to promotion, a Group Management Accountant 
Eqjoying considerable board-level contact this bread role embraces 
group management accounting, budgeting, forecasting and analysis,, 
together with responsibility for sophisticated Head Office systems, a 

range of project work, and several staff. Candidates should be 
graduate ACAs aged c30 with commercial experience. Prospects are 
excellent continued growth providing a range of options. Ref: GR. 

c. London c. £21,000 + Car 

Robert Half Personnel. Freepost Roman House, Wood Street 
London EC2B 2JQ. 01-638 5191. 

1 •• • 

1 • • 

■ j 






Salary c. £19,000 +©ar 

We are taokmg for-a young, ambitious accountant to late tesflon sMftY 
far reporting on group monthly peribemaneft the preparatjoarfbudget^ 
profit and cash forecasts and for statutwy accounts and tax matters. 
You are almost certain to be a chartered accountant wto has not been 
tang out of the jxofesston and who is looking to take faSdaytn daY 
responsibility for the accoutiog function of a group of companies. 
Experience of acquisition appraisals and micro coroputeis for 
purposes would be an advantage. 

Fsiys is a growing group of companies employing approxfrnady 
1300 people and with a turnover exceetihg £150 mifiion. We have 
recgifly diversified into estate agency and there are plans to diversify 
elsewhere in the savfce sector in 1986. The position wffl tie based in 
Hertford, where the head office is to move shortly. 

Prospects in fife gowhg grot*) are ©cceteit If you are yaaia ambitious 
and energetic please send a concise c.v. to: 

Clifford Bosley, Financial Director 
Perry Group pic, 2a Alexandra Grove 
North Finchley, London N12 8NU 
Tel: 01-445 8888 

First Move 

Commodities Group 

City of London c£17,000 package 

ark Si 

Our diem is a long established commodity trading group 
dominating several distinct markets, ft has offices In London and 
overseas and is backed by a substantial organisation. The group 
has recently entered new markets and has genuine plans for further 

The Finance Director therefore seeks to strengthen his team by 
recruiting a young Chartered Accountant who will be part of a smafi, 
efficient central finance function. 

Tterofe has an unusual degree of kitchen 1 ^ witfi mm financial 
management. An analytical approach is essential to understand the 
operations of the commodHies market and to provide management 
information including the monjtormg of (he activities of the tracing 

The package, which is negotiable depending on relevant 
experience, indudes the usual range of benefits as wefl as a 
cfiscrefionaiy bonus. 

Contact John P. Sleigh FCCA on 01-405 3499, 
quoting reference J/426/FA. 



HEAD OF % , 

c.40 yrs c.£30,000 p.a. 

plus benefits 

Our clients, a major international bank with along-established and 
substantial London presence, seek to recruit a mature, knowl- 
edgeable banking operations officer who will succeed their 
present Head of Operations/ Admin, upon his retirement. 

Reporting to the Branch Manager (and on occasions, direct to 
H.O.) the appointee - wifl occupy a pivotal position in the day-to- 
day running of a London operation employing some two hundred 
staff, and it is therefore essential that candidates possess not only 
a comprehensive knowledge of current international banking pro- 
cedures (from F.X. back-up and supervision of branch security to 
statutory reports and E.D.P. controls) but also the ability to plan 
and supervise the enhancement of existing on-line accounting and 
data processing systems. 

Our clients envisage that the successful candidate will be in 
his/her late 30's, with proven managerial skills, and the. ability to 
respond to pressure and dead-lines in a positive, practical fashion. 

In order to attract such an outstanding individual, they propose to 
offer a competitive salary, augmented by arguably the most com- 
prehensive benefits package in the City, including a company car, 
mortgage assistance, an annual bonus, non-contrto. pension 
scheme. Free lunches etc. 

125 High Holborn London WC1V6QA Selection Consultants 01-405 3459 


£9-11,000 + Study 


K«l UR (hSHNRM of ■ Eao- 
pe» tastt aunpuur 

We urgently require applicants fora wide vari- 
ety of temporary accounting positions in 

If you are confident that you meet our client's requirements, and 
you’d like to discuss your suitability for the position in complete 
confidence, please contact Mark; Stevens or Carol Plummer on 01 
236-3484, or send :a copy of your C.V. marked 'Private & 

axrtan u ion a sral DrotesMral 
km* nn Be swu to iMa n- 
rtah nvnkV honed kemib. 
ffuftagtmM npoos. nconoii- 
Moos, and soHsb. As m ACCA 
L2/TCHA PPS dSBnwf noflffv 
you should ton unwaul eaten- 
so aid tm aMtj to atac to 
soa manes. GMxc 

ety of temporary accounting positions in 
Sydney and Melbourne. 

Call Ronald S Tanner & Associates Ltd 

on 01-431 1113 

32-36 Fleet Lane, London EC4M 4YA 
Telephone 01 -236 3484 

Ron* Davidson 
Robert Hatf Pstaomol 
Bomsa Hons* Wood Start 
London EC2Y 5BA 
DI-638 5181 

S warp Co.. Weworth. re- 
<narc6 f t part ouai. 

accountant. Report to MO. 
Computer exp nscnttel To 
£l*k. Lesley Batty Ol 847 

Senior Salesperson 

Financial Futures 

£ Highly Competitive 

A powerful and prestigious international bank with a major presence in futures and options seeks to 
appoint a key individual to manage the broking operation. 

Ideally in their late 20 ’s, candidates must have an extensive knowledge of all aspects of financial futures 
and come from a broking or trading background. At least four years’ experience in this area is essential as 
is die energy and enthusiasm to direct and co-ordinate the expansion of the operation. 

Hie successful applicant will be a highly motivated, decisive and creative individual with the ability to 
strengthen and lead the rest of die team. 

This is regarded as a key appointment and will be rewarded accordingly. 

In die first instance-please contact Victoria Ward Krickic at Michael Page City, on 01-404 5751 or 
write to her at 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH. 


Michael Page City 

International Recruitment Consultants— London Brussels New\brk Sydney 
A member of the Addison BagePLC group 

■ l 


“Where will you be on October 27th?” 
ACA’s 25-32 20~-30K+Bene£its 

Due to- the coming deregulation and to a growing awareness of 
their worth, many of our financial services clients arelooking for 
computer a ud i tors . Our clients are many, your opportunities various. 

After an initial two years or so in computer audit; car eer 
opportunites with our cheats- can develop into a longer audit 
career a move into more general fi nance a 

house c on sultancy or possibly corporate 

Candi d at e s (male or female), recently qualified, working in public 
practice or c ommer ce, should have expertise in computer audit data 
security, risk management oar quality assurance: 

H you would Bke an initial meeting to discuss these qpportimities 
please contact George Onnrod BA (Oxon) or Malcolm Edcrell FCA * 
on 01-836 9501, or write, with your CV, to our arlrl Te g 5 

quoting reference number 6808. ' 





c* €19,000 +CJ 

i rex" ■ ^ 

IW3rtrri-** -V , cxv^S* 

M * SIVary ,5 

Marw«irr **c te ^: 

<W^» --■ •r:--.,: : ^ 

SeTO*;*. --3: v.,- - ••>■- »- 

f sr- 

tSKWir 'jr 

*7W ^ • * 

** . .‘i - ,ir^E 

I : . •.; 

riA»r 5<*lsi Director 
2* Aif fj*r.dra Grose 
lk|, L^ndor, M2 SSL 
; fW-445 3-53S 


IfcA D OF 


c L*30,OOBp: 

p';U5 bens 

w. ; i ••* • 

K'f 1 * •• *■ _=■"■ 

-r "■“' 
•.,£ •• , •". 

s> ***'' 

,3*4 r- ■■- 

v- : ‘- - 


rs# v f 

_ - - *« • 

' -v^*' 




up to £15,000 + car 

. Tlfe worldwide manufacturing. . 
organisiAw igamw^nriwufAf 
CO mnatods a turnover of app m tim mriy fl . 

fcriUkm. A CTmng cnmmTfnwit to operating 
e ffi c ien cy and pr ofira b jliiy provkfes an . 
exceflent naming ground for a recently- 
qualified accoumant eager to deretopaa 
international career. 

As part ofa small team you will cany 
out ingmal in ve gig Bi ons a c r oss ffiewiiole- 
rauge of the company’s UK operations. 
This highly visible role will involve 
rewiewiiigsjysjems and procedures, ."• 
management controlsand levels of 
e ffic i en cy. It will also be yourxesponsibiBty 
to recommend impin wguM^i^ f^a yapmg - 
and to prepare aiadserepoiTsonyour - 
proposals. Theremayabo be 
occasioml troiiblesh«>dr^ projects. ▼] 
%uwiH be a recently- ..'■ 

qifflfified accountant, either |Ri 

in the Drrifessacm or someone _ _ 

with 2-3 years experience in indnstry, ideally 
gained in a manufacturing environmcnL 
Ataowiedge of computing systems is an 
advantage and well developed ... 
amnmTnic gtkin skills yre gsectial . . 

Promotion prospects are excellent, with 
liMy movemenr to a more senior role abroad . 
. whhm finance, after an initial 12-18 mon ths in . 
- the UK. In addition there is a competitive 
-salary phis car and a folirahge of benefits . . 
mduding relocation assistance to the 
company’s UK headquarters in the Midlands. 

TOire with full personal and career details 
to the address bekn^ quoting ref: B995S/T 
'em. die envelope. Your application will be 
forwarded directly to the client unopened, 

.^L unless marked for the attention of our 
Security Manager with a note of 
compa ni es to which it should not 
besent-Imoal interviews will be 
L conductedby the client. 

Accountants need 
informed career . 
advice and TOP - 
so.. Before you make 
your next move in/to 
Commerce or 

projects. ■ SecuriiyM 


... ■ be.sent 


PA Advertising 

61€^ffi eldRiwA i E d rfMwtou ,B rr»n i n gli aTO M51DJ 
Tel: 021-454 5791 


Fox & Sons X4d are residential and commercial estate agents, surveyors and valuers 
operating throughout Central and. Southern England. 

RoyatLife has a 25% interest in the group winch intends to continue its rapid expansion 
fay acquisition, and merger, with a view to a possible listing on the Stock Exchange - 

The Financial Controller will be.xeeponsible to the Board of the holding company, and is 
req u ired to take overall control of the finance function. In addition to the normal duties 
associated with the iote^the candidate-will be expected to. participate in the further 
dev elopment of thegroup’s expansion plans. He is rroHkely to be. aged under 35 and will be 
a Chartered Aocoantant wito experience of multi-branch accounting, computerised man- 
agement xnformation techtoquee. arid treasury management Success in carrying out these 
dutiesis Hkdy to lead to the portrait of Group. Finance Director; 

Apart from an mstial basic salary of c. £25,000 the remunerataon. padcage will reflect the 
seniority of the portion to w-jiidu share option scheme, pennon mid life assurance and a 
company car. ■ - 'C 



£18-22,000 + benefits 

The unprecedented level of Corporate Finance activity in the City has created die 
demand for high calibre accountants and lawyers who are seeking a challenging 

Our clients indude Merchant Banks, Investment Banks and Stockbrokers who are 
activein: ...... 

■ Mergers and Acquisitions 

• '■ USM and Full Listings . 

■ Platings 

• ■ Management Buyouts ~ 

' ■ Corporate Advisory Wcdc -- 

Candidates will be between 25 -28; and wdl.ham an BEceOcnt academic record as well 
as strong interpersonal drill? and complgre eo mniiOBlfcn C tr* in ? 

environment. • • 

lb arrange an initial meeting to discuss these opportunities, please contact Victoria 
Ward Kricksc or Lindsay Sogden AGA on.OI-404 5751 -(evenings and weekends 
01-789 2295), or writs to them at 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 51H. 

International Recruitment Consultants— Condon Brussels NewYnk Sydney 

Young Accountant 


based Cambridge 

Scherlng Holdings Umitect the holding company for 
the Sobering Group In the UK. is seeking °n adcffitonal 
Accountant to join a small multi-dtedplinOTy unit 
based at its new prestige headqueriets, overlooking 
the centre of Cambridge. The Sobering Group In the 
UK has an annual turnover in excess of £1BG million 
in its pharmaceuticals, industrial chemicals and 
agrochemicals businesses and woridwide turnover 
exceeds DM&000 minion. - 

Operation^ Audit functions at the sharp end of the 
business, monitoring operational controls and pro- 
cedures across the Group ^ worldwide. mcUng travel 
an integral part of the job. \bu wiU work in aU cxeas 
of the . Group ensuing controls and tangets cxe 
property estobrshed. introducing improvements 
where necesscxy and measuring performanca ' 

AsuDddiay of ScheringAG.Wesi Germany 

Wfe require a graduate with either ASMA or AGAand 
at least two years' post-quatlfkxrtfon experience, 
who win be cbte to show a practical appreciation 
of business needs and tequftements. \Afortdng at 
senior management level good Interpersonal and 
communications skills are essential 
Vife can demonstrate foot Operational Audit Is a 
stepping-stone Into dfferent functions wfthin the 
organisatioa usually after 3-4 years, with general 
management a realistic possibility The successful 
candidate will receive a highly competitive setary. 
‘ company oar and a wide range af benefits, includ- 
ingreiocatton expenses where appropriate. 

Please send foil career and salary details to 
Mr N T Smith, Severing Holdings Limited. Hauxtoa 
Cambridge CB25HU 


Systems Accountants 


packages negotiable c£20-22,000 and c£15-17,000 

The motet leader n the rapiefy changing financial 
services sector, our dient is undertaking major 
developments in an established area its business. 
The need for effective systems to cater for this growth 
cafe for the recruitment of two additional accountants 
-one qualified aged mid/Iate 20s and the other 
yowger and not necessary quafitied - to strengthen 
the financial management team. Both must be . 

. computer Berate with experience of accounting and 
business systems usage and development — 
Projects will include the 
de\retopment of new systems 
and upgrading the accounting 


fonetkm to cater for the astounding growth projected. 
The potential is obvious - both in terms of business 
and personal d o v o topment Success In these rotes 
with their ensuing business invoivernerrt and 
exposure will generate wide ranging management 
opportunities in this division or elsewhere within the 
substantial group. 

The negotiable remuneration packages indudea 
subsidised mortgage and non-contributory 

Pteo ee write with ful career details 
or telephone David Tod BSc FCA 
quoting reference DM44/WB. 

125 High Hclborn London WC IV 6QA Selection Consultants 01-^05 3-499 would be 

well advised to 
consider the 

Milton Keynes 

In anririparion of the launch of a new-:.- 
credit-based produce, the Society is 
seeking torecruitan Operations 
Manager/Credit Controller whawtD be 
primarily responsible for the ' 

development and xPntrol of the - . 

administrative systems associated with 
this product 1 

Preferably aged 28-35 and educated to 
a minimum of A r level standard, year - : ^ 
wifl have spent at least 3 years’ m credit • 
control whhin the finance industry. .• 
Experience Inthe design and- •' 
development of-opoztionaf systems In 
a compurer-based environments alto . . . 




essentiai^Cbnsid&able product - • 
growth is antidpated and you will 
require highly developed staff and. 
affied management skilb. 

The competitive alary is accompanied 
by the range of behefiis to be 
'■ expected^ aWgefmandal institution. 
Induding relocation assiscance where 

appropriate. J ^ 

"If you'meM ouf retirements please 
send aTuU or detailing your experience,' 
achievements and current salaiy 
package to Shirley Pointer, Manager, 
Personnel Services, Abbey National 
.BuildmgSocietyiAbbey House, • 

201 Grafton Gate East; Milton Keynes, . 
Bucks MK9 | AN. 

The dosing date for applications, 

, whldi are invited from all sections of 
-.^the community. Is 27 July 1986. 


Gabriel Dufly 

Financial Selection 
and Search for newly 
and recently qualified 

31 Southampton Row 
London WC1B5HJ. 

Dane* Smfih 01-550 
(evenings and • 


125 High Holborn London WC IV 6QA ^ Selection Consultants 01-405 3499 

Accounts Manager 
£15,000 + car 

Young but experienced, ACMA, ACCA, or 
finalist, to manage a small international 
depL {Olivetti M40 computer) and to pre- 
pare management acoums. Looking ahead 
to involvement in corporate planning and 
decision making. 

Our .company is one of the European 
leaders in foreign language publications. 

Write in full with CV to K. Edwards, 
Tek Translation LtcL, 11 Uxbriftee Road, 
Shepherds Bosh, London W12 8LH. 


Holborn Solicitors, over 80 fee earners, re- 
quire person 25+ for computerised accounts 
department, able to type. Salary aae. Send 
CVto: . . 

Financial Controller, 

Frere. Cholmeley, 

28 Lincoln's Inn Fields, 

London WC2A 3HH. 

KM’S an or accountancy 

work avatlaMr now call Ac- 
countancy Contract, (Aer) on 
Ol 831 Z40S- 


C- £12,000 

ThaiMW / p roUa UesuteHatyati 
US ctupn m oo ottos at oolem 
apponaaty tor a joung- airtmus 
pan pasttetf waantant As Hoan- 
oel Acsounant your rasoonsAiIiMs 
■01 acute UX an) US. repofwg, 
cam tttw Wecasdrto and dnetoit- 
mcn ol uttfitf cffiditH sysasrts. 
Coat . 

Kmc Mur 
Rabat Half Panama! 
Roman Home, WbodSMM 
London EC2Y 5BA 
01-838 6191 

Young Accountants . . . How much are you worth? 

Salaries for newly qualified ACAs and ACMAs can range from 
£15,000 to £35,000. You may have wondered how much you could 
reasonably command on the open market or even whether you are 
being fairly remunerated in your current position. As a young and 
progressive recruitment consultancy specialising in the newly 
qualified area of the market we are aisle to provide you with a free 
and confidential assessment of your worth, given your experience 
and area of interest Informed and independent career guidance is 
also freeiy available. 

Simply complete and return the coupon below (or phone Eileen 
Davis on 01-930 7850) and we will send you a brief questionaire. 
Upon receipt of this we will contact you with an estimate of your 
current market rata - 

Robert Watters Associates 

Recruitment Consultants 
66-68 Haymarket, London SW1Y 4RF 
Telephone: 01-930 7850 - : ‘ 


Home telephone 

Please send mean 

| riease sena me an 
j assessment questionaire LJ 



Pot of gold, no. 

3 temp pay rises a year, yes 




I am looking for my replacement 

1 work for the demanding and young (40) Chairman of 
a fast-moving, diverse, international public company, 
who needs protection from the irritating everyday calls 
on his time. He also needs someone who appreciates 
that his requirements come first and foremost, who is 
efficient and hard-working, (with good secretarial 
skills), capable, outgoing and communicates well with 
people, especially on the telephone. 

Due to his extensive travelling you will have a very 
important role as the UK link. The pace can be frantic 
and unreasonable, so a sense of humour is essential. 
Someone under 25 is unlikely to have the breadth and 
experience, (or tolerance!) necessary. 

Has this put you off? It shouldn't. I have loved every 
minute of my time here (well, almost!). You will be 
based in Wl and the rewards are compatible with the 
demands of the job. Salary approximately £16,000 p.a. 
plus usual perks. 

If you would like to take this further, please 
supply a full C.V. and recent photograph to Box 
A42, The Times. 

Personal Secretaries 
to Directors 

up to £10,000 per annum 

The National Audit Office, an independent public organisation, 
has a number of vacancies for Personal Secretaries In its newly 
refurbished headquarters in Buckingham Palace Road. Victoria. 
SWl. Successful applicants will wore for Directors of Divisions 
responsible for the audit of all Government Departments and a 
wide range of other public bodies. 

Proficiency is required in typing and audio with minimum meeds 
oF 45wpm and 600 words in 20 minutes respectively, word 
processor training will be available where appropriate- 
candidates. who must be at least 18. should normally have 3 ‘O* 
levels at grades A. B or C Including English Language, or 
equivalent qualifications. But 2 years' recent secretarial experience 
will be considered as an alternative. The currant starting salary is 
from £8.4B5 to £8.995. depending on experience, rising on a scale 

Benefits include a no o-con tributary pension scheme; Interest free 
season ticket loam subsidised. staff restaurant sports and social 

activities and 22 days annual holiday. 
Applications should be addressed to:- 



Michael Bland. Recruitment Officer: 
National Audit Office. 

157-197 Buckingham Palace Road. 
Victoria Loudon SWl 9SP. 


£ 10,000 


Our dient fa looking for a very reUabte shorthand, audio and 
word processing no tar y. Yoor duties will in ri odt beepi ng diary 
and arranging travel ammrget many other things. Far all your 
hard work they win reward you with LVS. Home Purchase and 
Health Schemes. Plena contact Sharon Mills Alfred Marks Re- 
cniitnient Consultants. 237 Huston Road NW1 Tel 01-387 0024. 


TOTT 71 TT 7 TV 7 FT 

ASSISTANT - £11,000 

A well known property company in the West End 
Is looking for a Personal Assistant for the Lon- 
don Administrator. You should enjoy dealing 
with people and must be weU organised ana 
meticulous as It is a very busy Job. Your respon- 
sibilities indude running the Pension Plan, the 
staff health scheme, the car fleet and afl general 
office maintenance together with some secre- 
tarial back-up. Numeracy is essential and you 
should have good skills (90/65+/WP or com- 
puter). Age 24-35. Please call: 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

Reenjttment Consultants 

AD. AGENCY seeks P.A./Sec. 

to Dir. of Media Promotions Division. 

We need a capable, efficient person who is able to 
cover the office, work on own initiative, has pleas- 
ant telephone manner, deal with top clients, etc. 
With your sound office/sec. experience get in on 
the ground floor of this new venture. W.P. an 

SaL Neg. c£7,500. 

Call 370-74 04 Ext 239. 

N* O i p iicWl 


BOPA Medical Ceatre 
c. £9,000 - tags X. 

Smart non-smoker with 
excellent shorthand typ- 
ing skills. A good com- 
municator able to use 
discretion. Some knowl- 
edge of medical termin- 
ology an advantage. 
Salary reviewed after 6 
months, season ticket 
loan, subsidised restau- 
rant free SURA, mort- 
gage subsidy. 

For more details please 

Lesley Rogers on 
01-837 6484 exL 2495 
or wife to her at 
BUPA Medical Centre, 
Webb House, 

210 PentDHVifte Road, 

London N1 STA 


c£1 1,000 

ko tMs busy hectic wcrW of 
fashion, inpress the dkBCtor 
with your aAty to take con- 
trol and organise the dept. 
Attend meetings, discuss 
new marcbmfee and gener- 
ally become a member of 
die team, tee 304- with 
speeds of 80/50. plus an 
Otagaing personality are the 
requirements he needs. Call 
Stella 01 734 2567 





There's plenty of room tor the right people to grow at Alfred Meries. 

On the one hand youT be looking after an efite team of temporaries. On the other 
hand, meeting cherts, spending time getting to understand their business and estab- 
lishing a professional retefonsrtpwrth than. 

With alt this, the abMty to think quickly, yet analyttcaBy and to make astute "people'* 
decisions is essential. Naturally the promotion prospects are axcaUsnt Anar two 
years you could become a Brandi Office Manager— which could then lead to 
promotion » a sates or middle management position— with an o rga nis a tio n as sue* 
eessful as Alfred Maks. The sky Is merely the Bmit 

You won't necesserBy need to have recruitment experience as you w* receive 
training. You win. however have a successful commercial background, perhaps an 
understanding of hi-tech office systems and a proven abifity to deal with people. 

If you thmk you can orgenfse, sell, communicate end get on well with people then you 
could become part or the Alfred Marks team. 

Call us today. 

Judi Hmd, 

29 Duke Street, London Wl. 

Tel 488 6451 

Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants 



Secretary to a Chief Executive 

€S£37 - £10414 pLa. (Pay avail pastas) 

Ibis is a high caGbre and prestigious post requiring the skills of a 
top flight secretary. 

Must have experience of working with Senior Management and 
able to cope efficiently and effectively under pressure. Good 
Shorthand/audio skills essential and experience of using an AES 
7300 W JP. desirable. 

Excellent modem offices overlooking London. 24 days holiday plus 
one day off every 4 weeks. Interest free season ticket loan 

For an appScatkm form and job 
description, either telephone 01-798 
2434, caS at One Stop Services floor 
at City HaH or write to the Chief 
Executive’s Personnel Section, room 
16.14 City HaH, Victoria Street, SW1E 
6QP quoting ref no. CE31. Closing 
date 3 July 1986. 





Starting September, assisting Executive Secretary to man new 
Belgrave Office of this developing Association. 

Candidates must be self-reliant administrators, experienced in 
miute taking and typing. Ability to edit house journal a distinct 

The successful applicant should be capable of taking over as 
the Association Secretary within 3 years. 

Remuneration negotiable; area £10,000. Applications with CV 
will be treated in strictest confidence to the Secretary of the 
Produce Packaging and Marketing Association Ltd, Margate. 


c £10,500 

The Marketing Director 
based In the London HQ of 
flits inte rnati o na l company 
needs a P A/Sec wNh Ml 
of iifitotive to assist hfen. 

You w* taka on a key co~ < 
ordinahng role - Rrtslng 
with world wide subsidiar- 
ies. organising travel 
arrangements, social 
events and conferences, 
attending meetings, collat- 
ing data, overseeing the 
despatch of Marketing 
Buiatins and provtdmg tutt 
secretarial support 

Suits: 100/80 + IBM PC 
with Lotus 123. Age: 26- 


629 9686 



£ 12,000 

A demanding and interesting] position on offer by 
one of our ma|or Ativert»sing/PR clients. Presenta- 
tion. speech, fluency in Ranch, shorthand. WP 
and general office autom a tion knowledge should 
be second to none. Suitable candidates w31 be 
mature, good organisers used to repres enting 
employer with VIP events and fluent in at least one 

European Language. 

Cafl now tor immediate appointment 
on 629 0111, Helena Miller or Alan Telford, 
Afford Marks Recruitment Consultants, 

487 Oxford Street Wl (Marble Arch EndL 


£12,500 WITH 

PA / See 28-35. 100/50/WP. Se- 
ra* tovd ai w ical seoeuraj 
too admnstraDve necessary for 
tfas iosporsMt ixratwr to osssr 
tie manage of small gmuo. 
Written and oral nnslaHm. 
Ortier Bmaan tangs useful Sm 
Mdo Atteays. Raorw 734 37EB 
or 437 8476 133 (Wort St Bee 




Seek well educated secretary with audio/WP 
skills to join our small friendly City team. Must 
have sense of humour and ability to deal with 
clients at all levels. 

Age 24-30. Telephone Linda G ration on 
01-622 6068. 



Ore tot toner or nw stone pan Mere raquM tor MO of edflno 
la^r mtal operaMn fa adtteon to and sanfartfa tt»s the cnS- 
feta(s). deafly aged 25-40. rtaiwprelBiaMy love a warren 


ADMMISnMTlVE SECRETARY. 20-30 required by teamed society 
tn asset ei the running of its extensive saentiW meetings pro- 
gramme and with the co-ontmation ot ds te-mortWy newsletter, 
good speeds, accuracy tod capacity lo work periodically order 
pressure on mm ntratne. are important ouauttes lor the pest. 
Irwsther wtto fte atiJity ID communicate at all fowls. FamASftty with 
Wang W.P. an advantage. Starting salary cSSJXH), 4 weeks 4 days 
annual hoteJtys. LVs end season ticket loan. 

Please anply with C V. and names of two referees be 
T he ExBSehre Secretary. The S wto a tc af Codafy. 
Broftegkia Horae. PfccuMy, Ltatfoa. WTVUJU by 3rd Joty. 
Telephone 01-437 3478. 


After 8 yean working with this smashing boss 
(previous secretary 1 1 years - and he's only 4S) I 
am now leaving to be with my children and I need 
someone to take my place (so does be!). 

It’s a very demanding but satisfying job for a 
career woman. Excellent prospects. Fast expand- 
ing food group. Floating soon. Good salary and 
working conditions. Office adjacent Old Street 

Please phone me: 

Kathy Winch on 01-253 9013. 

daqs). qfaafly aged 2540. stain inferably hare a mtng 
aid ttakan, be presmtabte. coiMent rad flexible. 
Sday 0.000 pa pro taa. Hows by tow ns rant. 

«ease Aknsiw. 42 Wfctfwrai* Grave. London W2 Or can 

ta on 01-229 5530. 


£10,000 pa 

Must have experience of PAYS and drafting and 
typing their own letters. Ring Mike straight 
away on 01-359 9459 office horns only. 


c £12,000 


A challenging sod Interests rote for «n excellent Sec- 
retary to assist Managing Director. You must be self 
motivated, organised, capable of using own initiative 
and accepting responsibility as duties wfll include ar- 
ranging various PR and administrative functions. 
Property experience would be beneficial. Age 26-35- 

Telephone 01*622 6068 

(No ignore) 


Hafcvon Djtys offer a unique opportunity to their export 
department lo a voting. weD-organised penon *ith the 
desire to learn a wans tog business selling beuufcl enam- 
els. Foreign travel p ot entia l . Accurate typing men ii el for 
use of VDU and tries. To wade with far cao-swfcing 
females in efauu surroundings. Salary during naming pe- 
riod £7.750 per annum. Please write with fall derails Kx 
Tht Export Director, Halcyon Dvts, 

"105 Nsw Bond Street. 

Laadoa W1V9LG. 

MEDIA £8-10,000 

The advertising and pubic 
relations work! offers great 
scope and involvement for 
well educated young sec- 
retaries. Lots of chant 6- 
aison. media (ranting and 
above aU a fast moving 
lively environment, let us 
help you break mm PR or 
advertising now. 

£10,250 + 

To provide full PA 
support to MD of presti- 
gious investment corp. 
Full involvement, lots ot 
rssponsibSty and plenty 
of International client li- 
aison. FlexJ hours phis 
generous lunch allow- 
ance. Please call 
m 5801. 

Noel Employment 



Salary: £7,388 - £8£32 inclusive 

An Assistant Departmental Secreiaiy is required to 
work in the Departmeit of Management, Econom- 
ics and lodnstrial Studies. 

The poet is interesting and varied, offering the soo- 
.cereful cant&date tteopjxntamty to work in a foety 
sod dynamic department. 

Applicants most have the ability to organise their 
own workload, work under pressure, with the amfi- 
ttevymmd tv^nmnriinitim K ririlhrtn direi with fl wide 
variety of people- Shorthand and/or audio skills are 
required!, in sdcBtibn to excellent typing: The post- 
holder will offer secretarial and. adwiinfctnitiw 
support to a large umber of staff, indading several 
Course Directors and the ability, or w iffi ngaeas to 
use a word processor is de sir a b l e . 

AraSofSn teas asd tefter fetafean mtate 
fa PsnomJ Depataaot Soft BaritPsJyfatafc. Ber- 
ngh Road, iMdoo SE1 BAA. Tot 81-928 3512 
(ansvtag sendee SJttan-SRBin). ' 

Please quits Bet ADM/39 

CMq dale 48i Mf 1986 

M Efol OfifiutaaSes Baploytr 

South Bank 


you wflf ne*o eaxsenr 
shotdd be between 30 and 40. 

Sahtyckca £9,508 


An ideal qjportumty ta kata more about ibe Personnel 
function for a joongseoaaij wirti tooycais 
cm c rie ac e. 

Salary npte£8.008 

Both positions ofla hnnieon roadicis5t^> per day, 

season ticket hraasdnae and 4 weds ho&by per 

Please scud fitQ cunkokin vitae with aday time photic 

Sasic Bedcrr. Personnel Mauser. Mo®r SicttIkib, 
Sl RmTs Home, Warwick Lane, LoodafiEC4P4BN. 

T Polytechnic B? 

Te ac Hi nq for tomorrow 
inthlhurtaf London 


LEICESTER SQUARE op to £10,000 aae 

We are an international engineering conroany 
with offices in Leicester Square and are look- 
ing for a Personnel Assistant, preferably 
aged 25-K 

Reporting to the Personnel Manager you will 
be responsible for administration of recruit- 
ment, pers o nnel records, salaries, private 
health scheme, etc. 

Applications are invited fitan candidates with 
a genuine interest m furthering their career 
within the personnel field, together with a good 
secretarial background (shorthand not essen- 
tial). Essential qualities include flexibility, 
initiative, numeracy and a mature and friendly 

In addition to the above salary we can. offer an 
attractive benefits package which indudes free 
private medical insurance, season ticket loan 
scheme and 4 weeks holiday. 

Find out more by telephoning Christine Cobon 
on 01 839 4377 or write to her at Stearns 
Catalytic International Ltd, 48 Leicester 
Square, London, WC2H 7LZ. 


20 dud 
A few real crackers, ves. 


PRESTIGIOUS city solicitors 

experienced legal nxSo sacr e aries aB aspects of tegri wtftfc. 
^Srtkrtes £8000- £3750 AAE 

sudd tvptet shorthand typw and samor Mcnaartea. 
Sstertes ESMO- BIOS 00 AAE (plus p**aga) 
for Initial ap prtntina m piaase cafl Jaao Crowcroft-But' 
Cheryl Tngey or Maria Soto on 

. 5S8 0015 
Alfred Marks rec cons 


Secretary te MD 
To £11,000 

Reduced prices for the- 
atre end travel tickets are 
fat 2 of tfw many benefits 

tfworidng tor fas term 
wmsn company. The MD 
needs your confident 
manner, voir 90/50 accu- 
ral® skills and your 
willingness to voice an 
opinon even U you tMrric 
g mg- not agree. Age 

of Bond St. 

rtecnatmenlConculranb 4 
4n S. [■BOdoorTg Ftrarta V> 
(M29 CM 


A racepdortist to needed 
byavery ‘up marker es- 
tate agency in Mayfair. 
They fare lots of style 
■id are housed in bssuS- 
ful offices. To fin this 
position, they are stro kin g 
someone to match thdr 
own style -raid geet their 
important clients with 
friendly confidence. If you 
can cfrfva. the job wfl be 
evan more Interesting. 
Age 22+ . ■ 

of Bond St. 

ReeiuhnWBrCoiiniiranls 4 
8b aWdKftfFBwott /V 


Tl^TT r rTTTTnr 



Experienced Secretary/PA. preferably vnfli previous setao) ex- 
perience. -required from-Sepawher 1908 or eariter. Accurate 
shorthand and typing skBs essential and fenftarty mth WP 

Varied andabserbto g duties gtos scops, tor Mtiatiw and sat* 
fsfyng conrsttranL. 

Sateyacccrdteg to qufalcations and exp e ri e n ce: not esceed- 
irifl &A00 pn. Acc o mmodation awttebfe v reqisred. 

Apptoation s with CV. nemng two retonws vr The Weedraee- 
tor, Mahoffs Stortfrad CoB mg*. 10 Mere Green Read. 
Bishop's. Stratford, Herts. CM23 202. (Tek (02791 5791 U. 

202. (Tek (0279) 57911). 

£12,000 + BONUS 

A top city stockbrokers require a weB groomed articu- 
late sh /pa. with the ability to stzwture the Senior 
Executives day to (fay activities. Salary package c 
£13.200 + sub curt, Bupa, £1 a <bur LVs ect Tel Angus 
Watson on 01-626 8524. 


c £11,500 + Bonus 

The new MD of international dty company requires a 
competent PA- with shorthand to run his office, deal-' 
with his cheats and handle office administration. This 
is a senior responsible poeitxm for someone with initia- 
tive. Excellent coeds inc 5% bonus, restaurant ect. Tel: 
Alex Forbes 626 8524 . 

Mon um e n t Personnel White House, 15 Fish St Hill 
London ECS . . 

SECRETARY/PA - c £9,750 

Rafaed tor The Secrotey General amt a Senior Executive of 
smafl tegntag l Stopping Organisation. The p osition has a 
rogft adminstrstne contort sTcuktag nfamabonai travel aid 
hotel arranganento, catemgand supervisor of general admin- 
BJratkm. It wilt slit someone who Kkes to use their Bffiative. 
-Apricot computer with -Wordstar package. 


Excellent shorthand/typing (100 /BO) 

Gold education with IT level in English. 

WP experienre desirable but cross trailing given 
Familianty with schedule typing and figures -helpful. 

The benefits include 35 hour week. LVs (50p). annual season 
***** 30 <fays‘ toitoy in a full year increasing to 25. 

BLFA. co rtrib pension scheme. 

“AS? St ^ London EC3A 

(No agencies) 

Super Secretaries 


, De par t m ent of Srargical StwBes 

MEDICAL SECRETARY t expired to work for the 
Professor of Surgery at The Middfaex Hospital Medical 
School. The post involves personal secretarial assistance 
te the Heed of Department and administrative duties 
related to the day-to-day running of 'the Department. 
This responsible post entails daily contact with aca- 
demic, medical and. scientific staff. Applicants should 
bam administrative ahiKty. be msD-arganwad sad able to 
take initiative. Good secretarial skiUa, mduriin g audio- 
typing and shorthand, are easen t iaL WP experience, or e 
wutingpess to learn, would be an asset. Salary in the 
nuWB E8JJB2 - £9.24$ generous holidays and Mason 
ticket loans available- Applications in writing, 

CV and the names and addresses of two referees, to: Miss 
Mo rag BiocUeburet Administrative Officer. The Mid- 
dlesex Hospital Medical .School, Mortimer Street, 
London WlP 7PN. (M.-380 9374/9373. 

SOCSETT The Aid Agency 
for the Local Church 


If you iwant to wort write teams 
handling Graphic Design. Video 
f^oductlon and Sales, prraridwig 

seaetartal raw admin»srratlve 

backup for their work, mis may 


IJWilres a profmioiul PA. 
vo 60 Full raw or pa wr- 

»k*v cintomer luaon Career 
powrts vrithln the Conwuw 
inotHUv CE9.000 c*u NaiaSa 
TED Avy 01736 «S7 

DYMMraC PA /SEC ReauhcS tar 
bt*v rxNtMtng Wampot* St 
metucal arratice. Must tje.ttrv 
presanUMe. tupov. unaaw- 
We ExceBeni ulary far trie 
n»hl Person Tel. Ol 631 1771 

ARCMrEETS SEC Far exnmdn 
practice Splendid offleos. Ufa ot 
tniM\cmenL no sh. train on 
WP r £9.000. CM NlMU TEP 
A*y Ot 736 9867 . - 

AIMOH/PA £ lOlAOO 4- porta. A 
•nawr IMmutnul Him with 
sunerriCIly offices seefcs an effl. 
deni * enq u eue PA. aged 
Meauy 2o - as. You wsi be as. 
■SWIBB trip Manager ot 
EMoahoSWctiM i,uu uw 
trie oppo rt unity Jo become Mini- 
tv Bnoived bout on trie 
aoimnlstratKe & secretarial 
Al» your duties w tH oiciude 
ntrtalng many ctlanu (heiafpre 
good raeMitUHan Aacourreota 
. manner fa esenbal AppKcanfa 
sriould be A Lnrl rundard 
■hate bBOd typing ebtifa. an ey. 
«Oent leleonene manner and a 
trigb ms of- 'tnlarpersonai 
*i>h CaS Lorraine KJnumarsh 
oob rii.48 Kinrafand 


TSMfa/PCBM aamw. ete 

efritfenl PA Sec 180 60} tor 
S?LJSiortmroVe , m Age. 3B* : 

SCCKETARMS for ArOi Be cfa * 
Or u gner s . Permanent A lemPP 
rary positions. AMSA SoecHBH 
far Coos. O, 73a ffi® 


(£11,500 INCL BONUSES) 

Busy Commerdal litigation partner re- 
quires experienced L^gal Secretary to 
organise his work, his clients and him. 
Fast accurate skills essential ability 
to cope with pressure and responsibility. 
Small friendly _ offices situated in 
Knightsbridge with latest equipment. 
Please te^hone Liz Sherlock on 
01-235 0222 


For Ns ana. a)+. Accu- 
rate taa lypla and bubbly 

Salary to E1T.000. 

Coitaa Mra- hutctifoson. 
jams A gy. 01-828 3363. 


t»«a to mk mm and «kt 

Tel 581 448T 

•:r '« irrai'.WTTi 



HWMUt RtBnd Ant wiy . 
former wmt London Am 
- Dtorar. Contact MiMTHiuKL 
■ 18 Derum* . Ate. JTftwk*. 

I ' . • r TT - l V 


yftom BmnUai. Lota or Lwr 

From f3atn 



■I ,1/ _■ 






* SAVE £££’s 
1,000*$ of seats 



lux somcs trunDm 

Bayovaur wz 1.2 A 3 bed. 
FuflV serviced. 2fthr 
rccptWn/MOiiSv. Garden 
house. Ol 229 BIOS- 

3 e£ 


Kfn&nfxim. CM TV 24hr *wbcL 
Itt. CollJrtgtiaro AM 3736306. 
ST Mfn tm. Luxury 2 bed 
Mb furnished serviced aM nr 
pvk. Ol 5736306 OX 



CHUWC lei feet 12 berth crewed 
mow yacht 2 wk* June 
I7.-JM y 1st C36S po Uc fib. 
Whole bow available other 
w eeig from Ciooo. Free 
W/swrtt. h,b. 01 386 1006. 
AM 2091. 

* apt*. AM KnenHte toe net. 2 
POOK. prtv. beach. Avail June- 
Ocl oi 409 2838. villa worm. 

Holidays of dttttnctton for the 
very tow. Tel: 01-491 0602.73 
Si. James's Sheet. SW1. 

ALGARVE. Lux vOtas with poof*. 
Avail Aug .’Oct- Ol 409 2838. 
vtua world. 

CARVOCtRD CLUBE - Supers vil- 
la for 6 wuh pool avail Aug. 
Palmer 6 Parker Ol 495 6726 



MMBCUUL. Lttx vmas with 
poab.Avafl Jim toOO-Ol «N 
2838. vmaWorM. 


To Send hi Parttcu tars of OeOb or 


On Creditors' voluntary 

that me Onllisn of the above- 
named company are required on 
or before 30U< June 1966. io send 
inetr mhim and addresecs. with 
particulars of then- debts or 
claims io me aoderafgnrd. Nell 
Hunter Cooper. of Robson 
Rhodes. 186 City (toad. London 
EC1V 2NU. the Liquidator of Uie 
company: and If so required by 
notice m writing from Ibe ted 
L l qtadalo r either personally or by 
theta- Sobcttors. io come In and 
prove their debts or 'claims at 
such tune and place as shall be 
specUM m such notice and in de- 
fault thereof, they wtu be 
rxctadni iron me benefit of any 
dMribUion made before such' 
debts are proven. 

DATED Bib 4th day of June 

NJH. Cooper 

US lawyer 17 Bubtrqde.. SL 
London wi oi «B6t38tS- - 



gaga a 

Fly Savely 

June Flights From 

OCR ESI tew £99 




01-995 3883 / 4/5 
Simply Fly 
; ATOL 1922 

Oeiwva. Seme. L au sanne. The 
Hague. Du&ttn. Rouen. Bou- 
logne ft Dieppe. Time Off. 2a. 
Chester CJose. London. SWix 
7BQ. 01-236 8070, 

Arlast minute 
villa with no 

We are aJwys able » offer 
quality villas at text notice. 
a4tb the emphasb on the' 
high standard and eenfce our 
brochure hosprorohod tar 15 
yegn. Them arenonaaty. 
swpHses ts greeryou on 
■nteL We have villas in 
Portugal, South of Prance. 
Omsk Islands - Corfu. 

Crete. Psaos. Also the 
Palazzo Belmonte in Italy. 
Froratbe very luxurious and 
expensive - fo the very 
simple and modestly priced. 
Aak the vHta ^mcWtsm far 
their bcochur* - quickly. 

abtaatol cv Travel m 

AID* OPT TURKEY. 24 Jane. 
1 2wts. B/B or S'C accom. 01 
891 6469 I24hre> Turkish De- 
dshi Hobdays. ATOL 2047. 

ROfJDAY tKCUL Battery por- 
table 4 nr VHS recorder pack- 
age Inti camera. £150 disc. 
Taps. 91 Lower • S tern e SL 
- SWI 730 0953 


Nairobi. Jo’S**. Cura. Dubai, 
Istanbul, SopjxHe, KL. DdM. 
Bangkok. Hotj Koog. Sydney. 
Enrope. & The American 4 _ 

- Fhpmgo Travel. ? 

7i Stafleshwy Avene. 

. Leaden W1V 7DG- 
01-439 4102 -■• 
Opes Sunday I0J6-1X06 







Sips 4. sea. gardens, pool. £70- 
£150 pw. TM 10990] 21480 

MENORCA Villas, apartments, 
tavernav Ml dates avail. June 
specials, hi*, season from 
£125. Celtic Holidays. 01 309 
7070ft 0622 677071 or 0622 
677076 04 Mrs) AM 1772. 



WLFRANCE; near Sables 
rOWTO. due to cancrttauon. 
lam! ly haL house rinnit 6. k 
m. use of dub pool. tomb. 
£150 per week. Book now for 
fa 22 July, only £3001 01-730 
8131 Mr wynie. 

SOUTH or FRANCE Medieval 
hse. MB village, t mite from sea. 
to nuns Nice airport. Sine 7. 
avow June 29 - Aug 19 due to 
cancellation. £380 pw. Tel: Ol 
736 8241 

AUGUST - PrK-air villas with 
POOH tn South of France £1.200 
- £1.800 wkiy. palmer ft 
Parker (049 481) 5411 

HMM WEALD 1st door flat ka Ed- 
waidtan counity house. 3 
bedrooms, xisopw avail from 
16 '6 ID 26/7 ft fTom 7/9 *86 
Tel: TOPE 64708. 

■OTHER VALLEY Bunga low 2 
bedrooms. beanttfnl views. 
£IOOpw avail 28/610 12/7. ft 
from 30/8 *86: 09926 4708 

IIWOFiniRE- Ofwastry s/c Of m 
Georg Farmhse. sips 6. cot col 
TV From £7QPW 0691 662774 

raouthwalerUie food, saoofc e r 
room, healed indoor s/pooL set 
in emensave lawns and gardens. 
7 miles Pen** Coast D B*B. 
An n Lewi s. Tel 0994 240280. 
•MWX secluded Grotgtan 


: ’I'. 1 - 


•-iy . t.-j'. ta 

B Re*. With fietnhalTa 
bodystyling, 8 r 16 & 7 x 16 
forced alloy wbeefa, 2WJ00 
tnueo, guards red, full spec. 
First pe r son to see it 
will hoy HE! 


01-631 6078 dsy 
0375 882019 Wkend 

The Church ComnuMianefs hove 
twrporrd nrafi paucnl. schemes 
providing lor deciaruudm of re- 
dundancy ut respect of Ute ctuuch 
Of 61 Mary. Halifax. being one of 
the two pamhctiuchm of throw- 1 
(* ot Hattfasc and tar us 
appropf HHfi io me for worship 
by the New Testament Oiurrh oi 
Goa iwaaeuru auxesel and id 
respect of ihe pansh chmch of the 
damn of Si curacn. wm 
Hampstead and providing for us 
demolition. (London dtomei 
Cop ui of the drafi ache t ries may 
be obunee from the Church 
Cornmndjonerv I MiDttank. Lon- 
don bWIP ilZ Io whom any 
rromemanont snouM be node 
wfUim 28 days of ihr punucaoon 
of me. notice 


Unique opportunity for 
ri^it person fo work for 
exdusive Fashion De- 
signer. Musi be 
experienced, wefi edu- 
cated, none smoker & 
car driver. Superb bun- 
galow to share with 
Groom in beautiful 

01 722 1578/8 Days 
Of 04882 226 eves. 

experienced couple to II te in a 
luxurious villa South gf France. 
July. August. September or 
preferably yearly. Husoand va- 
let «Rir. WK* houtettper 
(wk. Knowledge of French a 
Mus- CaU 01-236 9260 far a> 
pohuroem*. or 01-499 6t4<, 



Skilled handyman and pan 
time iShrs/davJ danwnic 
hdp leqiumL V«y good 

attpntodanoB for wo. 
£120 per week net of tax 
and msunnee, 
Egham 313US. 

HOUMKDEPBH remdted lor 
Chuntrv bouu; tp Chr4Wt 
Would Hiu divorcee, single or 
•down - no im Mum be able 

io drive and a good cook. Lorn 
of animats, sense of numow 
and a d antapuuy are assets Sell- 
contained. partf urn bfird 

JJUbR” Mr ngnt asmtcani. 
Please appty In wrlUngwiin ref- 
nences to: Mrs H J. McAlptn*. 
Swrnentiam Hall. Bwenenham. 
Nr CosagMoo. CiK-shuT. 

COOK Rnnnrrd to work at Prue 
Leith's mindly Outside Cater- 
ing Co £7.000 P4 lor a 40 
hour week 18 00 am. ■ 400 
pm/, pul mere is a lot of over- 
time Including occasional 
weekends. For more details 
Ptoast roman Leah's Good 
Food. I Beoastun Street. EC!. 
01-261 02,6 

■DIMER'S HELP required Mme 
dtahdy J ar h appy Htphpaie 
lamlhr- Sw i m m er. KuvSRMker. 
Ol 341 0360 



•S R-.h i N~“ 





LefimgA Management 



129 Hofland Park Aw, W11 
House whh lowly t >*0 rooms 
arranged on 3 Ih. 3 
BetJfms. 2 Recap Rms lead- 
ing to pretty gcSn. FF aai in 
Kit 2 Bathrms. 3 WC s. Co 
Let £2S0pw. 1 yr. 

01-229 9956 



Family with 4 year oM ehilrf require a mature 
giri/woman with experience to take w»ry of the • 
cook - dean and daily work. 

Modem home surrounded by 15 acre* beautiful land- 
scape; 15 miles outside Copenhagen. 

scape; 15 miles outside Copenhagen. 

Own room, bathroom, TV. who & goo 
vezy nice working conditions. Must be an 
u you am interested in a long term en 
mould like to hear fhnn you with a photo a 
ences, driving licence esspn t ml . 

Lob Birger Christensen, 

your refcr- 

2970 Horsbobn 

Tefephone: 010 46 (2) 89 II 77 






, , * 

s'*!'! - 


N 2 CharmtiQ semi dnaciwd 
house with leaded am Does. 4 
beds, dbie teem ft fcstii, 2 hath, 
seo wc. sedated net oil si 
0 king. UNFURNISHED £300 pw. 

NOT Began 2nd Hr apart. 3 
beds, reept. kte khdi. Path, gas 
CH. £230 pw 

625 8611 

Vnuulkwc listen, vcs. 

Everyday I have more and 
more requests for skfted 
Legal sudu and WP temps 
and l pist can’t ge\ enough ol 
ttwmt If you have either of 
these sWs, want to work in 
n upmarket emranmenT 
and have the securay of an 
excefeni rate vnth additional 
hohday end sickness tx>- 
nuses, then cal in now for 
further detads and immediate 
bookaigs. Please contact 
Jane Cahmit on; 01-639 4833 


RfnovatBd 3 bedroom a«n- 
mem. kuaationm. it note 
Urtroorat. tte hned Wcften ant 

Td 01-828 7913 

(eves and weekends) 

HADLEY WOOD tear Barocu a 
movl altracuvr detached laimly 
home. 28 nrtit» from city and 
West End. Yu in a nnnhUul 
selling on The North Edge Ol 
London. 2 reep*. 4 beds, mod 
fmnl Iiii aU mod cons Lgi Cdns 



01-244 7353 


We have a superb selection 
ol personafly inspected tur- 
nened and unfurrashed 
properties In many fine Rasl- 
denttal ikstriefs, rangfeig 
from £150 pw to £2J)00 pw. 


Tefc 01-486 8926 

KEMtimrroN sets. w«n fur 
nWM 1 bedroom rial wBi ggr 
in small pb Modi ooo 
Kmningion tube. Oorapony im- 
anl Minimum 1 yaar. £130 pw. 
Damn SmJlh 582 6660. 

MABSMAM ST, SWL. bitartor fta- 
vignrd 1 bedroom flat. All 
mxhlnrs. Walking distance 
victoria Westminster £120 

pv including rh. chw. Tel JW 
Lid 01 949 2482. 

MECOTUTOS - A loo calibre cx- 
oerlenced Lenings Ncgouatar/ 
Manager rcamred for k'enslng- 
ian firm. Own car essenilal. 
Salary plus commission. Cafl 
Mr Quraishi 244 7363. 

Long Let avail from August. OPPOSITE TUBE SW4, in ornate 
£600 PW ono 0449 01 B6 Regency crescenl. lux newly 

appul mats . 2 dble dml recepc 
dining rm. K ft b. gc. h. paho. 
■ r... ■ if r .... . ... _ free parking £22Spw ono. Co 

66*1 LEY CARDENS SMfl Superb Lef Tef 01-622 4961 

PUTNEY SW1H. Spadous 6 bed 
{“ff 1 'ymrrushed 2 mpk 3 vVI semi det hse near Barnes 

beds, dressing rm. new bath 
wtih tecum, shower rm. 3rd 
baui. targe kil wuh ail Ameri- 
can appliances. £600 pw. 
Cowes Oi 828 8251 

HtnmOSE MLL Beautiful 2 mu 
bed flat, dose to Regen cs Park ft 
conven to city West End. Bal- 
cony. lounge mner. fully fined 
Ul and balh. newly furnhhed. 
Inc Unen. gas CH. all fani pro- 
vided. Must be seen. £185 pw 
Tet 01 684 1419. 

BEOW NOW! Excitingly busy 
with w P S H. audio and copy 
bookings in the Media. Current I 

Business World and I HOLLAND PARK DrUtfidui oerl- 

Non-Conunerctal. CocerU Gar- 
den Bureau. 110 Fleet SL EG4 
363 7696. 

□a i bed fiat wnh full lrngn> 
windows onto balcony. High 
moulded ceilings. Kit all ma- 
chines- Bathrm and parking. 
Long co let. £195 pw. Goddard 
ft Smith Ol 930 7321. 

START 23/S. £6-50 D.H. Sh- See. 

■ 100 601 wuh IBM 

Dtetaywrtier exp. needed ur- I 

gmuy. Mease phooe SaUy I BLMCTOM. «. Lovely Ceotman 



Our continued growtti 
and expansion has re- 
sulted in a vacancy for a 
negotiator in our Resi- 
dential Letting Depart- 

We require an energetic 
and enthusiastic person 
to join our team. 
Experience preferred but 
not essentia). A driving 
license fs a must 
Please apply now with 
•fun c.v. ta 


Owens on 01-236 8427. 

KiughKondge Secretaries. 4 
Pom street. London SW1. 


P R OP ER TY SALES: Farrar.- 
Stead & Gtyn regime pari Ume 
sate staff to market flat /house 
developments In Centra] Lon- 
don. 2-3 days per week and/or 
weekends Ring 01-373 5425 
ref CMM. 

nalurea Company Director 
seeks a well presented pari Ume 
Sec PA for busy mens wear 
agency near Oxford Cirrus. Ap- 
plicants. must have a hrtptuf 
and pleasant manner and the 
ability to organise aO aspects of 
office adnu lustration. A knowl- 
edge of German would be an 
advanlage. Hours by arrange- 
ment. Salary negotiable. Phone 
David Bedweil on 01-631 1936. 

terraced house, close io shoos & 
transport. 10 mins CUy- Fully 
furn. S bed. rerep. kiL dining: 
Mudy. bath, garden. £200 pw. 
Avan. 1-4 years. 01-359 2123. - 
01-833 0626 

value fbL 2b«te. 2 baths u en 

HI tin recep. fl Ml. £250 pw 
Please contact Suzanne Con- 
way at Saunders of Kensington 
on 581 3623. 

F.W.QAPP (Management Ser- 
v icesl Lid require properties In 
central south and west London 
areas for walling applicants .Ol ■ 
221 8838. 

KNMWT5BRDBE £400 pw ire. 

mendous value Suptnb I bed 
recent KftB- fully serviced flat. 
TV Minimum let 3 wks. 
Avlesford ft Co Ol 361 2383. 


avail. & reqd for dipwmats. 
executives. Long ft short lets in 
ail areas. Unfriend & Co 48. 
Albemafle Si Wl . 01-499 5334 

GOOD MORNING to c £5.000. 

PmupDia prtvaie investment 
bank with superb offices in I 

**l k f*«: jjNW reqiarea a j SW2 Carden flat, tree lined road. 

i? 0,1 * ,re * 1 ^king. IO mins tube 

J®'" 1 . *" 1 04 Spacious double bed. reception. 

Sgy * 1 * HUhen. *U mod cons. UMefid. 

SSUtSwAS 1 “**«»• ™ 01 - 671 9292 

experience and a IrlenCUy Pro- ■ 

fesstonal approach emenUal. 

Mornings only. 01 434 4512 SWISS COTTAGE, do you have 

Crone CorkUJ 


for leading Chelsea 
Estate Agent. Good - 
telephone manner 

wepn linl Inml 

knowledge an 
advantage. Some 
typing. Would suit 
school/college leaver, 
contact: Miss J. 
01-588 5211 

excel lent lasted Want spacious 
well tided 3 bed. urn appL. gm 
eL Central, good far transport? 
For £200 pw Tel. 01 431 1263 

CHELSEA, deUghllm i bedroom, 
garden flat to lei (or 1 year min 
£200 Per Wk inclusive. Tel: Ol 
362 0682 

station. 3 ren. 3 baths. ku-bTst 
room, west facing gdn. Avail 
July for long let. £325 pw. 
Sn irgtv * Son 788 4651. 
SURBITON. Mag a bed ground fl 
flat with hugh oak panelled 
retro 2 baths, family sized ka 
Sel in I acre superb gdn. Ckxe 
Station and 20 nuns Waterloo. 
C2SO pw 244 7353. (TV 
currently seeking good quality 
rental accommodation tn 
central London lor waning 
company tenants 01-937 9681 . 
E2. 5 miro L pool St. exa. 2 bed 
apL in com Vkl. School, views 
oxer park, lulty furatshed. 
£600 per month OV 688 0131 
■worki OI 981 4970 ■ eves). 
HAMPTON ML Ezecunxe neo 
Georgian 3 bed hse Dec ft turn 
to Mgh standard. Easy access 
Heathrow £190 pw. TM JW 
Ud 01 949 2482 

1 . 2 DM HaL Overlooking gdns. 
Well maintained taiock wuh por- 
ter £136 pw inc eh. ettw. TM 
JW Ud Ol 949 2482. 

Keeil— Ten U'lOStudw HaUeL i 
clean oioei roam plus own k ft 
b. Fully equipped, col TV. idea) 
executive couple. £79pw Tel: 
01 960 1222 

MEWS HOUSE NX. ideally local 
ed for West End aty. 2 beds, 
targe lounge, fully equip hit. 
garden.- CH £160 pw Co let 
244 7353 «T» 

AMERICAN Bank urgently re- 
quires luxury ttMv and house 
from £200 - £1.000 pw. Ring 
Burgem Estate Agents 581 5156 
. AVAILABLE NOW Luxury flats ft 
houses Chelsea. Knightsbrldge. 
Belgravia. £20O£2.000pw. 
Tel Burgess S8I 5136. 
’ Don of charming fully furn l 
8M apart in mod complex from 
L120PW Ilk 67B 1896 iTJ. 
BCHR ft BUTCHOFF tor luxury 
properties tn a Johns Wood. Re 
ents Park. Maxla Vale. Swfea 
Con ft Hampstead Ol 686 7561 
house. TA'. reept. phone, patio, 
pdn. nr tube. £1 to pw. Others 
627 2610 Hometocaiors (ID 9 
tinned 4 bedroom (amity home. 
CH. Garden. £200 p.w TM. Ol 
670 9831 

DBLE BEDSIT Reder nr lube, gar- 
den. Dilh paid. £40 pw. Many 
other* available Tel. 627 2610 
Hometocaion 7 days. 

EMIM6 fully lur rushed. 5 4 bed 
house, filled Idlchen. Oas Of. 
Ctardro. Garage CD Embassy 
let. 1 600 monl hiy . 01 902 5675 
flat. Bright ft attractive. 
£25npw Allen Bales ft CD 499 
166 5. 

RAMMUUMiriLUlynHi Court 
Comfortable peaceful 3 Dedrm 
lum a PM with new frt kil 1 st 
C o let £27Snw. 348 4098. 
5 DM*. 2 recep. 2 baths, kit 
T hse. £235 pw. Whtlroan Por- 
ter Ol 994 9446. 

HAMPSTEAD. Luxury 1 bed flat 
with sun balcony. Bright recep. 
fully- ruled kuchen. £140 pw 
Pacer Rogers: Ol 458 9357 


tor Livery Go. In SWi. Mature 
experience person lo take re- 
sponsibility lor accounting 
records ft administration. Must 


BARDEN 2 belli ill. rtcpL phone, 
washer, palm. £83 pw Other* 
627 2610 Homeiocators 7 days. 

DULWICH Lovely 4 bed Edwardl- W*™"- «140pw 

an family house with gdn Close Pac * v ™** n: oi J5a 9i57 
vfltage ami tahool. Long let. IRWRY! 2 dble beam* fl*L TV. 
£18500 pw T*( Ol 737 3352. rrcoi Phone, gdn. rearc. nr. 

want tasl. £80 pw Others 627 
2610 Homelorators. 

bledon 2 Bed period cottage 
avail Wimbledon fortnlghl 
Gavin Cowper 01-351 6732 
T hse 4 beds. V : baths recep. 
kil. gan. 091 £450 pw Whit- 
man Porter 01 994 9446. 
MAYFAIR. Hoop 4 bed apL 4 
baths en suite, magnillcenl 
rerep Furn unlurn Fun de- 

I taalv W T.P 935 9512. 

NTH umON 2 dble bedrm. 

BUMMER We hav e a selection of 
bn vale homes in all areas avail- 
able i or short letting. Goddard 
ft Smith 01 930 7321. 


be wett motivated ft aisle to Hflll AMI PARK charming flat, 
type The poMtvon la very re- S“*£ ,r »** . “U"* ™- h. B. 
warding 3 rames a salary or up £1 10 pw. ol 373 0667 

hses flais No (re lo tenants. 
Williams ft Son 947 3130 

IO r 11.000 pa. Apply Mr M 
Franklin FCA. Breakthrough 
Emp. Cons. 01-726 4433. 

double bed living rm. k. B. 

£110 pw. Ol 373 0667 
ISLINGTON in cl 2 bd fl tn | BATHWATER W2. A well ap 


01 4869356 






Canonbury. nano 6/12 milts 
let £170 pw UKl 359 7388. 
KEHSMOTON lux dble bed ItaL 

I quiet St. close lube. All amens. 
£130 pw IH 01 370 7573 eves 
KENSINGTON. Small Ale cm tor 

recpl. washer, gdn. phone, gpr. 
tedec. hurry 1 £86 pw. Other* 
627 2610 Hometocaiors tUI 9 
•ARSONS GREEN. House. 4 
beds. 2 but ha. dble recep. niton 
kil. gdn- superb £370 pw Co 
lei. Heillrj-s 01 736 0089 

LngtamaiOfia varied lob Driv- 
ing licence needed. Tel 01-741 

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Conditions set fair for 
valiant Longboat 
to carry off Gold Cup 

A late change of plan means 
that Robert Songster and Bar- 
n. Hills will try to win the 
Ascot Gold Cup a third lime 
in as many years today. The 
last owner-trainer combina- 
tion to achieve the feat was 
Gerald Oldham and Francois 
Boutin in the late Seventies. 
But they relied upon the same 
horse — Sagaro — each lime. 

With Gildoran. the winner 
of the race for the past two 
seasons, retired to stud in 
Australia. Messrs Sangster 
and Hills are now pinning 
their hopes on Seismic Wave 
instead of running him in the 
shorter Hardwicke Stakes to- 
morrow as was originally their 

However, if form at the 
highest level means anything 
at all Seismic Wave should 
not beat Longboat who is my 

Runner-up in the race 12 
months ago. when he finished 
like an express train only half 
a length behind Gildoran, 
Longboat had Seismic Wave. 
Eastern Mystic and Tale Qua- 
le directly’ behind him when 
he won the Henry II Stakes at 
Sandown last month. 

After that race Pat Eddery, 
who is in irrepressible form at 
present intimated that he 
thought that he could beat 
Longboat next time on East- 
ern Mystic, provided he rode 
him the way he did at York in 
May when he beat Seismic 
Wave in the Yorkshire Cup 
instead of making as much use 
of him early on as he did at 

Nevertheless. I still believe 
that it goes against the grain to 
oppose Longboat, who will be 
entirely at ease racing on the 
prevailing fast ground. So 1 
take Eastern Mystic to come 
second to Longboat this lime. 

Those with long memories 
will recall Ore winning the 
Queen's Vase in 1981 and the 
Queen Alexandra Stakes the 
following year. In the mean- 
time his efforts to lift the Cup 
have resulted in fourth place 
in 1983 and second two 
seasons ago. 

That win on soft ground at 
Haydock last month proved 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

that Ore is no back number, 
even at the age of eight, but he 
may just lack Longboat’s zip. 

If there is a surprise in store it 
could be sprung by the filly 1 
Want To Be. despite the fact 
she finished last behind Long- 
boat at Sandown. Last season 
she finished second in the 
French St Leger having won 
the Park Hill Stakes at 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: H Cod 32 wramora tram 1 19 
nmnera. 265%. G Harwood. 33 from 141. 
23.6%: L CottraO. 6 tram 27. 22-2%. 
JOCKEYS: B Thomson, 8 winners trom*5 
ndes. 17.8%: W Carson. 38 from 236. 
16.1%: Pat Eddery. 35 tram 223, 15J. 


TRAINERS: M Prescott. 23 winners from 
96 runners. 24.0%; C Nelson, 16 from 63. 

1 9-3%-. P Hasiam. 19 from itn. 185%. 
JOCKEYS: M HiixSey. 6 wmners from 23 
rales.26.1%: JLowe.41 from 277. 14.8%; 

J Bteasdute. 13 from 103. 1 2.6%. 

Gesedeh, who is a half-sister 
to the dual Gold Cup winner 
Ardross. is taken to win the 
Ribblesdale Stakes and so 
make amends for that luckless 
run in the Oaks. 

While I am not suggesting 
that Gesedeh would have 
beaten Midway Lady at Ep- 
som. or Untold and Maysoon 
for that matter, I am sure that 
she would have finished much 
closer than fifth, beaten a total 
of 13 lengths, if only she had 
not been baulked so badly 
half-way down Tattenham 
Hill when she ran into the 
back of the weakening 

Earlier in the season 
Gesedeh had beaten Santiki 
and Mill on the Floss at 
Newmarket. Mill on the Ross 
then beat Singletla in the Oaks 
trial at Lingfield before refus- 
ing to go into the stalls for the 
start of the Oaks itself. 

Signficantly, Willie Carson 
is on the Cheshire Oaks 
winner Salchow instead of her 
stable companion Pilot Bird, 
who also looked pretty accom- 
plished when winning first 
lime out at Newbury. 

Those who bought shares in 
the young stallion Sharpo 
when he was syndicated and 

retired to the Woodlands Stud 
in Newmarket four years ago 
already have good reason to 
feel pleased with their 

From his first crop of 
runners Sharpo has already 
got one Royal Ascot winner, 
the Coventry Stakes scorer. 
Cutting Blade. By this evening 
there should be cause for 
further celebration in the 
Sharpo camp because another 
member of that first crop. 
Risk Me looks to have an 
outstanding chance of win- 
ning the Norfolk Stakes fol- 
lowing successive victories 
over today's distance at 

His trainer Paul Kelleway 
remains adamant that Risk 
Me is the fastest horse he has 
had anything to do with, and 
remember he did saddle Afri- 
can Song to win the King's 
Stand Slakes at this meeting 
six years ago. 

Risk Me has already beaten 
Zaibaq once. While I have the 
greatest respect for both Siz- 
zling Melody and Dominion 
Royale I expea him to put 
them in their place too and he 
is napped to give Eddery 
another boost in his attempt 
to win the Ritz Club Charity 
Trophy, which goes annually 
to the leading jockey at the 

Eddery has a less discernible 
chance of winning the 
Chesham Stakes as well on 
Shabib .but 1 still have a quiet 
fancy for this promising son of 
Northern Baby. Albasar, Gulf 
King, Mazilier and Mister 
Majestic all have more obvi- 
ous credentials. 

Caught in the right mood. 
Bridesmaid is quite capable of 
winning the Cork and Orrery 
Slakes as she proved at 
Haydock last month when she 
swept passed Sperry. Tussac 
and Pilot Jet in the last furlong 
of the. Sandy Lane Stakes. 

Finally, I give the recent 
easy Epsom winner First Divi- 
sion a good chance of winning 
the King George V Handicap 
even though today's race rep- 
resents his severest test to 

Patriach holding off stable companion Siyah Kalem in the Hunt Cop (Photograph: John Voos). 

Dunlop pair dominate Hunt Cup 

By Michael Seely 

John Dunlop, the talented 
Arundel trainer, accomplished 
die remarkable feat of saddling 
the first and second in the Royal 
Hint Cup oa another perfect 
Jane afternoon at Ascot 

The two stable companions 
fought OOt a thr illing finish dear 
of their 30 rinds before Richard 
Quinn drove Patriarch past the 
post threeq Barters of a length in 
front of Willie Carson on Sflah 
Kalem. This was the first time in 
living memory that a miner bad 
provided both the winner and 
ramer-op in this always fiercely 
contested handicap. 

Having had his choice of 
mounts beforehand, Carson was 
adamant that Sihb bad 

been onlacky. “I was just com- 
ing to win my race wbee the 
horse went lame," claimed the 
bustling Scot in the unsaddling 

“I wouldn't be surprised if he 
was right," said Dunlop, “but 
only tomorrow morning win tclL 
Myself I couldn't have split 
them beforehand. Patriarch 
loves a straight track. He'd ran a 
marvellous race when second in 
the Newbury Spring Cop and 
had been nearly knocked over at 

“ On the other hand, Syiah 
Kalem had won his Sandown 

race in tremendous style and 
both horses had pleased me in 
their preparation. However, be- 
ing do admirer of jockeys judge- 
ments, I probably would have 
gone for Patriarch!” Dunlop 

Once again those who rely on 
condition race form when 
assessing the handicap burnt 
their fingers badly when 
Hadeer. backed down from 12-1 

By for the most impre ssi ve 
winner during another feast of 
high-class raring was Sonic 
Lady in the Coronation Stakes. 
Starting at 15-8 on after her 
victory in the Irish 1,000 Guin- 
eas, Sheikh Mohammed's Nnre- 
yev filly swept to a comfortable 
win over EmHa and Something 
Special, thereby g i v ing Michael 
Stome his first success at this 
year's Royal meeting. 

Carson banned for seven days 

Willie Carson was suspended for seven days lor bis careless 
riding of Vouchsafe in the Bessborough Stakes at Ascot 
yesterday (Michael Seely writes). After Vouchsafe had passed 
the post a neck in front of Convinced with Russian Noble only a 
head further away in third place, the stewards found that 
Vouchsafe had not only interfered with the third horse, biit also 
with Stately Form, who finished fifth. Carson’s suspension will 
run from June 27 to July 3 inclusive and means he wifi miss the 
Irish Derby. 

to 5-1 favouritism during the 
day, had -never been seen with a 
chance at any stage of the race. 

Recently, Hadeer had divided 
Pennine Walk and Cliveden in 
the Diomed Stakes at Epsom, 
and judged on that naming, had 
looked leniently treated with 8st 
!3!b to carry. “I Just can't 
understand h," said a mystified 
Clive Brittain, the favourite's 

At Newmarket in May, Sonic 
Lady had spoiled her chance by 
running too freely before finish- 
ing a dose third to Midway 
Lady and Maysoon in foe 1,000 
Guineas and consequently had 
been fitted with a special bridle 
before her win at the Curragh. 
“It was Cbe bit that (fid if again,” 
said Walter Swinbern, “She 
tried to pull a Little early on, but 
she soon settled beautifully”. 

Together with that brilliant 

sprinter. Maxwell, Sonic Lady 
most be the fastest fiHy that 
Stoote has trained in his 14-year 
career ana trainer. 

In the opening Jersey Stakes, 
Guy Harwood, who, Eke Stoote 
is always a trainer to follow at 
Ascot, stru ck his fast Mow of 
this particular meeting when 

Grerille Starkey rode 

to a 2 Vi length victory over Brave 
Owen. Delta, foe 100-30 
favourite, proved a bitter dis- 
appointment mad finished at the 
rear Of the field. 1 just can’t 
understand ft," said Swinbnm, 
“she was never going at any 
stage of the race". 

Brave Owen was mdneky in 
fog* Steve Canthen became 
"trapped behind a wall of hoses 
and had to switch his mount to 
the outside before attempting to 
launeba challenge. But Cliveden 
had shown a fine burst of 
finishing speed to go and win his 

Pat Eddery continues to domi- 
nate the meeting and the man in. 
form became ah odds-on chance 
to become the leading rider when 
partnering Forest Flower to an 
astonishingly easy victory over 
Propensity in foe Queen Mary 
Stakes. “She must be really 
good,” said the jockey, “they 
went like bats oat of hell but 
Forest Flower was always 
cantering and just ran away from 
them up the MIL” 


Ovett puts 
place in 

Sieve Ovett has decided not 
io ran in the Kodak AAa 
championships and puts m 
jeopardy his selection few the 
Commonwealth Games. The 
former Olympic champion 
wants to run in the 5.QQU metres 
in Edinburg has yet to 
cover the distance in a major 
race this seasott. 

He said foe AAA champion- 
ships at Crystal Palace this 
weekend did not fit nuo -hts 
training programme and foot he 

was not ready to race - 
appearance of foe season wfl be 
at the Ulster Games in Bdfosiat 
the end of foe month wheu-he 
competes over 3.000 or 5,000 

metres. • 

• Jon Ridgeon, the European 
junior 1 10-metres hurdles 
champion, leads a powerful 
British team in the Dairy Crest 
junior match against Switzer- 
land and a combined Australia- 
New Zealand team at Swansea 
on June 28. _ . ' 

TEAM: MK I00re J Hraxtort qnjgto- 

j Nutt* (Presto), § 
OQwM— u te chW- T 
Soutfwn* J RWKWy 
. -Yl- HO" hrtte J 
i (HarvravyJ. D Nelson (Mhar. 

S HtwttW 


Televised: BBC 1: Z3Q, 3.5, 3.45. BBC 2: 420 
Going: firm Draw: no advantage 


WHOM OUR DYNASTY (D) (Aiac Sfflitfi jra) J Whiter 66-10 . 

0013 SBILA RDGEjJ Medter) A Hide 4-8-10 

111001- FRINGE OF *AVBIfJ Hanson) J Hanson 4-8-7.... 
02319-1 POLLY DANELS (USAXD) (Gutting ' 









E1B.950: 60 (12 &SK155 PM 

) Guineas at The Croragh Mast start on seasonal debut 


4-33000 OUE SYlttATCA (Mra A 

1 (GiitnaStud Ltl) P Cote 4-8-7 
Manas) Ft Bose 4-67 

- SCautbcnO 


. JH Brawn 10 

Kwxtancc (9-7) by Wat YoiK run 21, 

(60) 10th to Sane Lady (9-0) m Irish 

3onaldfoutW-7)comlofn b to4lwViTier 

from Shrakraine (B-l 1) at Phoenix Park (im. £3,450. soft. Apr 5. S ran). PILOT BIRO 

beat KabWa (94)) 3 at Newbury (im 2f listed. £8506, good to soft. May 16, 10 

SALCHO* (94» stayed on mfl to beat ALTlYNAfW)} 21 Witt SUE GRUNDY (98) 1 


11-4 Bridesmaid. 3-1 Cyrano De 
London Tower, 10-1 Pony Drawts.12-1 

SPERRY (Q)(YNBs4))PWafcvyn 3-84 

BRDESMAffi (mm ffi Sander) B H 
TARS (Hamain AMUWctoun) H Thor 

. TQwna 11 

_ WRSwMwm* 

Pw Eddery 1 

36-0 W Carson 7 
muuiMn a- 
WWd (ha) 360 ..1- G DoHMd 12 


R Mi 3 

HUs 3-7-11 

Thomson Jones 3-7-1 1 . 

■4-1 Rustic Amber, 6-1 Sperry, 61 

|l4-1 Quo Sympaflca. 161 others . 

FORM: POLLY HAMELS S-7) beat Northern Chimes (9-3) 2HI at Thksk (61, E9.940.finn, 
May 31. 5 ran). CYRANO OE BERGERAC (611) beat Manton Dan (66) 1*1 at 

Newmarket (61. £8553. good. Oct 17. 19 ran): previously (66) dBase* JH winner on the 

same cane from TAFHB (8-4) $f, £5581. good. Oct 3.1 9 ran). GOVERNOR GENERAL 

(612) dead-heated wift Sew High (7-7) at Yortt last Saturday: previously (69) 9 

Newbuy scorer from Nadwa Oak (69) (8LE4671. good to soft. May 16 13 ran). LON- 
DON TOWER (681 head and short head 3rd to Wotorstar (60) at Leopwdstovm with 
RUSTIC AUBSt (6211 back m Sh (51. groups. £11.348. good. Jwf S. 14 ran). Pre- 
vto a^RtraTre A A Ca ^6nn>8at N ajnfigOon(98)2fotTn^3TOqhi«j^M 

(66) short head rur 

6th o< 9 (6/ feted, 

SPHnrr jB- aa 


■ i. PILOT BIRD (66) 

May 16. 10 rsr). 

. , . .(9-0) 21 Witt SUE GRUNDY (60) 7* at 

Chester (Im 41. listed, £15586, good to soft. May 7. 9 rrai). TENDER LOVMG CARE (9-0) 
made no show behind Mtiway Lady (98)to 1 .000 Guineas fi m Grot® 1 ) on seasonal de- 
but best effort last season (66) when 31 2nd to Midway Lady (8-6) at Doncaster (Im, 
group 3. £15.423. good to firm. Sep 12. 6 isi). 

Selection: SALCHOW 

455 CHESHAM STAKES (2-y-o: £1 1 .453: €0 (13) 

(Hamdan Al-Matoum) P Walwyn 611 — Psi* Eddery 2 

i Hokfings Ltd) R Harmon 611 T Ins 13 

Bnttam6ll WRSwMm9 











11 CHME71ME 


Kowsd-Sptnk) R 

Red Uon km & Motel Ltd (Yrakg C THder 611 M Bird 11 

' LttPKoterray 611 CAsnusseol 

' Hannon 611 MRotetaS 

AJ-Mak»wn)H Thomson Jones 611 A Murray 7 

Harwood 611 G Starkey 6 



4 SHAOB(USA)(Srie*ti Mohammed) LCunart 611 

0 TAHARDM Good) RHoHnshsad 611 

42 MNSTHELLA (USAVBF) (E Evans) C Nelson s-6 

110 MY BKAGMAIKMIBF) (Rofctate Ltd) P Ketoway 68 

LUZUM (Hamden Al-Makaran) 

MAZ6L£R fflnm Abduiia) G 
MISTBI MAJESnC (0) (D Johnson] R J Mans 611 

Pat Eddery 4 
__ S Perks 10 
J Reid 12 

. SCSoftwiS 

2-1 Albasar. 61 Mister Matosbc, 62 Gufl King. 61 Chime Time. 61 MazMfer. 161 
Shatsb, 161 others. 

69)1' at Hayooch (6f listed. £9,480, 


May 24. 7 ran). 


Royal Ascot selections 

By Mandarin 

2.30 Bridesmaid. 3.5 RISK ME (nap). 3.45 Longboat. 4.20 
Gesedeh. 4.55 Shabib. 5.30 First Division. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2J0 Cyrano de Bergerac 3.5 Risk Me. 3.4S Eastern Mystic 4.20 
Gesedeh. 4.55 Shabib. 5.30 Dalgadiyr. 

By Michael Seely 

2^0 Bridesmaid. 4.20 Mill On The Ross. 5.30 MOON MADNESS 

ALBASAR (60) bet 
1(61. £3,548, good t 
to wmtw n eck freer 


21 and IWlatNew- 

beat Good RolniJM) and Brave Dancer 
to firm. May 30. 11 

ran). GULF WNG (611) 

Goodwood (81. £3i97. soft May 22. 9 ran), 

Absol u tion (611) at Bath (St. £2203. good to firm. Jun 
h eadby Cr ofter's Cline (63) at Ripon (ff. £2396. jood to firm.Jun 4, to ran). 

6 6 ran). 

Safectiore MSTER MAJESnC 

: (67) beat Bectaigham Ben (611)61 at 



ran). LUZUM 

(5t. £1.416. good to fem.Jui 

33 NORFOLK STAKES (Group /If: 2-y-o; £20.086: 5f) (7) 

41 COMMON ROYALE (D) (D Rotanson) R J W®ams 611 R Cochran* 7 

1312 PENSURCMN (D) (Mrs H Penelope Rafton) 0 Bsworth 61 1 _ SCauttan3 

11 RISK ME (ERMD) (L Homs) P KaSeway 61 1 PatEddaryS 

112 SIZZLING wLDOY(D) (M rs M Watt) John RtzGaraU 611 — RHMs2 
000 TOUCH OF SPEED (K Hscher) R Howshead 611 SPerkal 







13 ZABAOIUSAMD) (Hamdan ALMakioim) H Thomson Jonas 611 A Murray 4 

BRAZ&JAN MM3ESS (RoUwds Lid) P KsOewsy 8-8 C A wn u n sn 8 

611 Hsk me. 7-2 Zaibaq. 61 Szzflng Melody. 61 Donwuon Royale. 161 
P a n st K Chin . 14-1 others. . 

1V4latKt.. c _ 

w»3Uc over fer last Wtw: ^ _ — . 
at Kempton (5/. £2.367. good to Urn. 
at Sandown (51. £5.129. good May 
WB.OOYV41 2nd toBestptan last 

MiOOMIMON ROYALE (60) beat RocfcfeBs,- . 

31 . 12 ran). PCNSURCHlN ck»e 2nd to Mister I 
ridden outlo wm by Ml from Strfte Rate (6>3) 4. .. 

5, 4 ran). RISK IRE (9-0) but WhippM (94)2*41 at 
ran) with Zaibaq (9-Q) neck bock in 3rd. SIZZUNG — 

: previously (631 beat Mister Cotin (612) and F B 

Wd (51. 058. good to Soft. Apr 5. 7ran). TOUCH OF BPSD (60) 
Leicester (51, £1.784. good to firm. May 27. 14 ran). 

(5f. £3.043. good, 

5-30 KING GEORGE V STAKES HANDICAP (3-y-c: £10.628: im 41) 

603 204-1 T0RWADA(FaW Safenenl P Cole 67 TQubn5 

6W 431-300 N0RF0IX SONATA (B) (K Bettwl) R Boss 66 GStaAayl 

606 0414-00 MY TON TON (Mrs P Leraos) C Bnoain 9-4 P Robinson 9 

607 4-111 MOON MADNESS (Lavra Duchess of NorfcA) J Dwtop 94 C A sw a saa n 18 













61 Moon Madness, 61 First Division. Daigatkyr, 61 Wishlbn. My Ton Ton, 
Weshaam, 161 Sananpour. 12-1 Muwcal Youth. Sassfac&on. 14-1 Uanarmon. 26l 

1-11113 SAMANPOW (BB fHHAga Khan) R Johnson Houghton 9-1 - SCautwn I 
0622 SATISFACTION (») (LoftfRotennirickJ W Hem 61 W Oran 13 

G Pntchard-Gordon 9-0 .^OjfSHdlS 

MM kit 

R o flwnnicfcJ W Hern 61 
101 WSMON (USAfiK AbduOa) R Smyth 61 
006111 FIRST DMSUNIFfqiW Du Pont ai)GR 

362013 WBHAAU(USA)(UaJdiunAlAl8ktoum)BHanbwy6>t I 

02-42 EXCEPTIONAL BEAUTY £6) (Mrs J Marrowl M Jarvts 61 1 

31 DALGADIYR (HHAga Khan) MStouta 89 WRSw 


406400 ARG(FRKB)UGMvonnaJ 

yMraG^taoney) R HotowheadSj SPwtol2 

McAipne) S Hfc 65 . 

Paul Eddery 3 
— B Thocnson 6 

N Common 14 

F Cook 2 

4-311 COM&Y DANCSt (D) (J Atontlonl J W Watts 86 — 

004-2 MU8CAL YOUTH (J Horgan) C Horgan 61 

2-022 TARGET SKSHTED(USA^||BF) (Mss K Johnson) CNBISOn 7-13 N Adams* 

060 DARK HBUTAGE (J Quest) C Nelson 7-13 D McKay 19 

241000 OWL CASTIE BJ)(B Over) M Usher 7-11 AMcGtaoelS 

PENSURCHM (63) a and 41 ai 

Logic (61 1) G with NORFOLK SONATA (64) 7) 
son. Apr 11, 10 ran). Subsequently NORFOLK 
wnn MV TON TON a back in last at Lmgfieid{lm 

BOURBON BOY (Shad* Mohammad) M Stout* 4-60 WRSoMmt 

EASTERN MYSTIC (9F) (Major R Harden) L Ctunari 4-60 — Pat Eddery 12 
ERYOAN (POL) Ittoem Engstroem) Tore Panwon (SWE) 660. DParsaonS 
KUBLAI (USA) {Mrs S Khan) G Lewis 4-60 PWaMranT 

i GOLD CUP (Group 1: £44.688; 2m 4f) (12) 

0 61431 


LONGBOAT (C) (R HoangsworM w Hem 5-60 W Canon 6 

ORE (O ZawnM W Musson B-9-0 MWigham* 

PtIHIZZO (C Blot) C Brttsn S-6C__ — CAamu»an3 

HtSJNGCora hreagh) K Prenoeigas (IRE) *-60 — O Curran 9 

SE1SMC WAVE |USA)(RSang£rlBH*S 560 BThomon 10 

SPICY STORY (USA) Me«on) I BakSng 5-60 SCaathanll 

TALE OUALE m BameMH Candy 4-60. — Thai 

I WANT TO BE (USA) (rfwdih MahanmiBcQJ Duitop *6t1 — O Starkey 3 

FORM: TORWAOA (61 1) beat Russian 

back fri 3rd at Kempton (im 31. E2J72. H 

ra|MMraMHte|ttra||rara^MMtoraMH|MpNTONab8CfcinlastatCingfieid(lm I 

, MOON MADNESS (610) con^fetod 

■ CHARLTON KINGS (8-81 last of 6 at 

^BTgoodto Grin. Jun 7. IDran). SAMAWOUR (66) 4HI 3rd to Ra 

Nora (7-7) at ungfieid (Im lf| on most recemouton: pravtouskr hnd scored third victory 

of the season when basting Welsh Madlay 1613] KTatNotonghampm 2t. El, 776, good 

to soft. May 16 23 ran). SATISFACTION (67) short head 2nd to Banisa Ryder (S%) at 
Newixxy (im 3#) latest Starr, previously (60) a 2nd » Senor Tomas (941) with DARK 

HER1TA(£(60) 1BMI back in foi (Newtixy. im 31, E362(Lgood tosoft. May 17.20 ran). 

Haydqck^lm 21. 



(6 131 un- 

born Up To l 


..... , 3 Emr. . , 

ran). QALGADfYR B-ll J beat Daarkom (611) llat Wndsor (im 2f. £1.f38. good. May 

19.20 ran). MUSICAL ^ YOUTH (61) finished weO when 31 2nd toHomma D’AfSag-l) & 

SaSkstuny (Im 2f. £2.407, soft. May 7. 12 ran). 



100-30 Eastern Mystic. 62 Seismic wave. 61 Spicy Story, 61 
12-1 KutXaL 14-1 1 Want To Be. 161 otters. 

FORM: LONGBOAT (611)bevt S8SWC WAVE (611) 2W at Sandown wftn EASTERN 

MYSTIC (60) \\ away 3rd. TALE OUALE (611) 1W away 4th. KUBLAI 0-8) 6th and 

BOURBON BOY (68). PEIRiZZO (68) and I WANT TO BE (61 1) m aneara (2m. groups. 

£18575. good. May 26. TOranj. to tnts race las t year LONGBOAT (60) »l rumw-up to 

Gildoran (60) on goad to fir m ground with Pfc i HiZawf60)batwKt.SEBlBC WAVE (3-fi) 
short neck 2nd to T< 

Jun 0. 7 ran). TALE 

at Newmarket wnh SPICY STORY (631 

■ 1 BE (8-t 

firm. Oct 3. ID ran). I WANT TO 

| shan neck 2nd tn 

Leger at Longch e mp (Im 751. £33.7^Sm. Oct27, 12 ran). ORE. a*1 j&2hd WGidaran 
tottb race to 1984; carrieo (67) 

(H m French St 
ORE, a 1 W aid WGidaran 
Kl at Haydock (2m. 

j when beatmg Peart Run 
E3J78. good to soft. May 24. & ran). 

Sal acllemTALE QUALE 

4JZ0 RIBBLESDALE STAKES (Group II: 3-y-o fillies: £37,948; Im 4f) 

1-22 ALT1YNA [HH Age Kh1)M Stoma 68. QStwtey5 

110 GESEDEH (5hQMi Ahmad AI Makswn) M Janris 68 Tfreal 












1 GULL NOOK (LonfHsHaxlJDwiiop 68 PatEddery7 

10-31 HU. ON THE FLOSS «R(L Freedman) HCeefl 68 SCauttuS 

13 WCOLAWYNN (DMBF) (C Harper) O Bswortt 68 C Amman 12 

182-130 PARX EXPRESS (P Bums) J Boiger (IRE) 68 DGOespialO 

61 PLOT 8RD ISir j Asterj w Ham 8-0 R Cochrane 6 

11161 SALCHOW (Mrs W Ham) W Ham 68 W Carson 2 

6241 SAKTlia TO (R Sanoswr) M Stautfl B-8 WRSwtoboreB 

12-3 8VIGLETTA (U5AXGXBT7 (Shekh Mohammad} M Stoute 68 Pad Eddeiy 3 

01610 SUE GRUNDY (BF) (E Motor) G Wragg 68 PRctwaon 11 

1260 THtDER LOVWG CARE (Pioneer Btoodstock Farm LW) 8 HAS 

63 BThomon 4 

64 Gesedeh. 61 MB On The Floss. 4-1 Salchow. 61 Samoa. 161 AtSyna, 161 
Sto^etta. 161 Tender Loving Care. 261 others. 



Ecapae Stakes (im 2fV Aiez M«rt , 
Armada. Aiokar. BaBamonL Bedtime. 
Bermuda ClassE. Bold Arra n gement. 
Bonhomie. Come On The Blues. Danong 
Brave. Oihisten. Du than. Faustus. 
Fioravanti. Frtnah. Rash ol SleeL 
Fortaway. Gesedeh. Grand Harbour, 
Grand ravots. Hurrongdala. lades. Iroko, 
Jareer. Kings Rhw. Les Arcs. Maysoon, 
Mersey. Nomt ood. North VerdcL Park 
Express. Peboies. Racksaraw. Rodam. 
Shahrastam. Shandaa Shamoti. Stnc. 
Sam: Lady. Stemien. Supreme Leader. 
Sura Btede. Telepr o mpter. Tender Loving 
Care, Theatrical. Triptych. TrueNNure- 
yev, Verb-Antique, Vertigo. Wide France. 
Wylfa. Young Runaway and Zahdam. (To 

be run Sandown. July 
July Orn (61): Amigo Loco. 8«nw. Crckti 

Ball. Cyrano do Bergetac. Camay. Double 
Schwartr. Fayrar. Governor General. 
Green Desert Cteara. Gwydion. 

Last Tycoon.’ Lead 
-. Noma rabo n. 

HaflgatB. Ho Mi ( 

On Tans. London Tower. 

Oropya. Our Oynasnr. Petrovich. Riot JeL 
Ftondar iteg. PrbnoOomne, pmoe Saba 
Royal Ambassador. Rustic Amber. 
Sharperto, Sharp Romance. SSvmo. Srmta 
Rxtos. SOraC Lady. Stalker, Tartouma. 
Tussac Weigh Noi&(To be run New- 
markflL Juiy 10). 

• The 20-lengtb victory of 
Coinage in the Hunsley Beacon 
Maiden Stakes at Beveriey yes- 
terday was a special occasion to 
two people. It was the first 
success Mrs James de Rothchild 
has had since moving her six 
horses to Fulke Johnson 
Houghton from Bruce Hobbs at 
the start of this season; and it 
was possibly the last winner the 
trainer's assistant, Mark Wil- 
kinson. win saddle for Johnson 
Houghton before he starts train- 
ing on his own next week. 
Wilkinson, aged 28. who has 
been with the Blewbury trainer 
for three years, is moving into 
Edward Courage's old yard in 
Banbury. He will begin with 
about 15 horses, all jumpers. 

• Following her impressive vic- 
tory in the Queen Mary Stakes. 
Ladbrokes have installed Forest 
Flower as their 25-1 favourite 
for next year's 1,000 Guineas. 

Blinkered first time 

ROYAL ASCOfi 630 NOrfOfc SoftStS. 
Charlton Ktoaft, Alto. Target Skpitod. 
HAfoLTOteWOSady Bads. 

Royal Ascot results 


230 JERSEY STAKES (Group Hi: 3-y-cc 

CUYEDEN a c VMdn - Rorey Rambto 
(A SpeetoHM) B 10 G Sttrkey (61) 1 

Brave Owm b c Walsh Pageant - Brava 
Lass (H Joel) 8 10 S Caulnan (61) 2 

Hard Round ch c Hard Fought - 
Process Zaddura (R Shannon) 8 w Pat 
Eddery (461) 3 

ALSO RAN: 10630 fav Doka. 7 LMng 

Rough, 10 Meteoric, 14 VMXJoriouS. 20 

Grey Goddess. 25 Ftrm landing. Fleet 
Form, ResourcafU Falcon (nil. 33 

Jazz Musicfen (fth). Rerabeau. Salty 

Says So. 20 ran. 21H. 1L 2»L 1«L VL G 
Harwood at nfiborautfL Tote: win SS20: 

places £2.70, E1.W7&30. DF: £1626 

Cff:»5A5. Into 27.85S8C. 

65 QUSN MARY STAKES (Group 0t:6y- 
ofiMes: £24^22: 5f) 

FOREST FLOWER ch ( Green Forest- 
Leap Lively (P Meflor^B 8 Pet Eddery 
(64 jHav) 1 

Propen si ty br t Habitat - Ketamsc (G 
Leigh) 8 8 G Staikqr (7-1) 2 

tTAzy b 1 Persian BofcJ - Bole Vftanq (T 
SSn»tt)88PCcnk(26l) 3 

EmbJa b f Dominion -. Kaftan (C St 
George) 9 4 Pat Eddery (61) 2 

Someone Speciet b f Habdat - One In A 
MMon (Helena Sprtagfiefd XU) 9 0 T 
qbfnn(&1) 3 

ALSO RAM 12 Chafit Sfreem. 16 stataty 

Lass tern). 50 Cartiue Lady (4th). 66 voBde 

(5th). 7 ran. a W. 71, *f, ZXL M Stoute at 
Newmarket TotK win £160; places 

£1 JO, £200. DF: £1 SO. CSFr£2401miH 


4J66 QUEEN’S VASE (£21 JJTtt 2ng 
STAV0RDALE b c Dance to Tana - 
Scamperoato (Mrs H Jorws) 3 7 10 M 
Roberts (361) 1 

KotaMs Legend b c Sfr Nor - Gimme 
Love (R Shannon) 3 80 A Clark (61) 2 

Reason To Be b c Tartan -Low Locket 
(Mrs M Morgan}3 BOD GMeepie (361) .3 
ALSO RAN: 7-2 fav insular. 6 Mubaaris 

(4th). 162 1 Bto Zddoon. 7 Laabas (501). 6 

Aga&ist, 9 Ayres Rock. 16 Northern 

Amethyst (OtfiL 25 Andfia, 33 B Gonmde- 

tador. 1 00 Stop^ Tha Oock. 13 ran. 3L2KL 

3, a. S.H Thomson Jones at Newmerkat 

Tote: wm £7630; ptecss £1260. £260. 

£7.40. OF: £242aCCSF: £196.79. 3mto 

Sraror Trip b h Wkxtervner -&ker f 
(JMaxwfflQ 5 7 7 L Chamoefc (561) 

Gay’s Fkrtrer (5th). 33 Cree’s Figurine, 
Jatsaimer, Recreation. 13 rwt NR- Poto- 
nia. 3L VL U. 3. 1L I Bakkng at 
Kingsdera. Tote: win £656 places £1-30, 
Oik SB30. OF: £960. CSF: £19.52. 
Iniin 01-TGsec. 

345 ROYAL HUNT CUP (ftenfcapc 
£28.313: Im) 

PATRIACH b c London Bete - JuKp (P 
WtofMQA7 12 T CWnn (261) 1 

Shell Katam eh c Mr Prospector - Lady 
Graustartc pm Stud Ltd) 4 8 10 W 
Carson (162) 2 

Ktog% Heed b e Ms Muesto - My Great 
Aunt (A Ward) 4 8 6 G Starkey (161) 3 

leer Rosa 


ALSO RAN: 5 fev Hadeer. 8 TranMant 
Mth). 13 Indian Hal, 14 Bold todan, Rana 
Pratep (5ttL IMtedl. IVuftr Rare. 20 
Dorsal Cottage. Gaderdsta. October. 
Shmwreekh. 25 Bundaburg, 28 Aoonttum. 
33 AI Far. Bra* Parade. Coincidental, 
Come On The Blues. Scoutsmistake, N 
CwfiSie. Xhai. 40 Conmeyjo. QuaMafr 
Flyer. 50 Red Russell. 
Manche s tar ak ytrato. Moores Metal, 
Ready KWL Rurmng Rush, jwiui Draicer. 
The Gram's up. £ ran. 3. 1S4L 2KL 
*L J Dw*» at ArundeL Tote: win S25J30i 
places £480. £150, £350. £3150. DF: 
£4740. CSR £15954. Tricast £2278.75. 

y-o Wes: £34,694: im) 

SONIC LADY b t Nureyev - Stumped 
(Shafch Mohammed] 9 4 W R 
Swinbum (B-15 (ay) 1 

cap: £10551: 1<n 41) 

CONMNCED be Busted- Affirmative (J 
Thomson)4 811 ACtaik(14-1) 1 

Russian Noble b h Minsky - Noble 
Fancy (Shekh Mohammed) 5 8 4 V* R 
Swtonnr (4-1) 2 

Westom Dancer b g Free State - 
FWjgndilst (Mrs G Stone) 5 9 2 P Cook ^ 

ALSO RAN: 7-2 tev Stately Form (4ttL 8 
Dual Venture. 9 Vouchsafe, 10 E^jy. 
RomtosM rath* 14 pubby. 18 Sient 
Journey, 25 ml Covered. 33 LiM Of FkB. 
The Footmen. 40 Sandman, 66 Moon 
Jester. 15 ran. Nk.hd.nk.nk.2LG 
Harwood at PuBxjrough. Tote: van £1670; 
places £350, DF: £3120. 
CSF: £6648. Tricast E4Z757. 2mm 
3059sec. Vouchsafe finished Aral but 
after a stewards' Inquiry was (tsquaftfied 
raid placed last 

Jackpot not won- Pteoapot £47755. 

• The Jockey Club senior stew, 
aid. Lord Fairbaven, said yes- 
terday that the fight to abolish 
on-course betting duty will go 
on, despite the Government’s 
refusal this week to allow any 
change to current legislation. 
“We are naturally disappointed 
that the government has missed 
an opportunity to help the 
spectator sport, of racing, 
particularly as they have already 
taken significant steps to help 
the off-course betting industry. 
We hope this is only a tem- 
porary setback and will continue 
io argue our case.” he said. 


Gates hard 
215(541. BAD PAYER (M Bkch. Evens 

fevk 2 Fatten (I Johnson. 7-a 3, Fteqr 


2Patece Ruler rathL6 Rasa Dust (5(hL 10 

Athens Lady. MSoombJl, 20 Notes Jute, 
Enry WraMsday (4th). 9 ran. 1 W. 2L SL 
H *L M W Eastarby at Sheriff Hutton. 

Tote: £150; £T.4<L £1.00. £630- Dft 

£3.70. CSF: £558. No offidtf terras. No 

b 2A5S) 1.THEMECHAMC(MHBs. 11- 
10 lav* 2 Ctefic Bkd (E Guest 61k 3. 
Workaday (I Jofauon. 161L ALSO RAN: 
8 China Gold (5lhL Duftar's Dancar. 162 
Jump Jar, 12 Bay Bazaar (4th), 14 
C»pentar*s Boy. Swtrojtog GonTlo Km 
SiddaB (6di). Y ibyston, 361 Mr Panache, 
Coded Loira. Tha.Manor, Baa 15 ran. 2L 

%L 2>iL r*. 2J5L J Suicfifta at Epsom. 

TotK £220: £150. £220, £272 DR 
£10.00. CSR £1551. Tricast: £8261. 

Cowry Jimmy (5th). 33 Rotempago, 50 

Far To Go, Mr Bermington. CawStta’s 
Dream (8th), Oubavamo, Rssure. 18 ran. 

NR Useful Addttiwi. Bum! Heights. 20UL 

ivy. 1X1. 2XL R Johnson Rjughnn at 
Btawbury. Tote: £150: £1.10. £15a 
£1870. DR £350. CSF: £650. 

350 Jim) 1. HEAVENLY HOOFS? 
n.7-1); 2Kranra» — (A Bacon. 14-' 

Quinn ... . . 

3. Skate) (A ShouHs. 61). ALSO 

11-8 Lost Opportunity (6th), 7-2 
PatchOurgh (5ttuf 13-2 Cashew King (4tt). 
8 Gutphar, 25 Robbia Grant 1061 
Wyoming. 9 ran. *L IVit nk. 1»t 4 1 
Dram smllh at Bteticp Auckland. Tots: 
£550; El 50, £150, £1,50. DR £4280. 
CSF-. £9656. 

4.10 (7f10tMJ) 1. WMRUNG WORDS (S 
Prates. 5-2 traft 2 Bald Arctrar (P 
Hutchtosoa 16fx 2 Gray Straight (G 
161): 4, Hghhr Ptraras (J 
14-^. ALSO RAN: 7-2 Plea- 

sure Island. 6 SohaH 

12 StB 

King- Cote, watoam. Dress to Spring, Via 

Vtaa 18 rarL-NR: Lady BrtL 3L1L »L W. 

KL P Makto at Ogbouma. kSsiw. TotK 

050: £1.40. £850" £3.10. £550. DR 
£8050: CSR- £4351. Tricast E387.14. 

press, 10 Good Buy 

Bangter. HCHy Hra 

Stage. 16 GBot Bar. 

F l y wfra aL 25 Cold Laser, Hnh Csbia. 

Parkers Joy. Hteanl 17 raa hd?21. 4MKL 

4L P Cote at-Whstcombo. TotK £25ft 

£150. £150, £150. DF: £356 CSR 


Mias. Lain Lae. 11 tvoroaU (5 to). 12 

ftodcipss Mtes (8t»4. 8 ran. ii. 3L hd. i »L 

ssr 1 -' 

51. J Spearing at AKester. Tote: £550; 
£240. E15a £150. 


DR El 500. CS=: 



Going: good to soft 

Draw: imddte to Irigh numbers best 

£1,032: 6f) (7 runners) 

2 030 DOCNNMLL MW Easterly 90 KHedaon7 

S 0 ORIENTAL DREAM J Mndey 9-0 AShOte& ra* 

7 oo Parana FftMCEMUshw-fio Twnrai 


- C Dwyer 4 
T MBrans 7 

11 0000. BRADBURY HALL K Stone 8-8 

14 3222 MT CUP OF TEA ^ PHukra 7-10 

5-2Wopsody to Black. 11-4 Aucdon Tfnie. 7-2 My Cud of 
S*™* P^ltoL 161 Common Farm. Batoratoofo-1 
Breaoury rtau. 

11 LASCtVKXiS rifTHTT (USA)S Norton 61 1 — Aawe2 

12 002 LINPAC NORTH HOQRWasey 611— — CDwyarl 

15 4030 SHARPHAVENM Brittain 61 iJ. I Johnson S 

15-8 Lascivious Intent 4-1 Sharphaven. 62 Ltopac I 
Ltoor. 61 Dockm HR, 161 Young Warrior. 12-1 Orient* Drawn. 
PSgrlni Pines. 

245 BUSSY HANDICAP (£1,682: (8) 

Hamilton selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Lascivious Intent. 2.45 James' Pal. 3. 20 
Bingo Queen. 3.55 Auction Time. 4.40 Torreya. 
53 Carousel Rocket. . 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Oriental Dream. 3.55 My Cup Of Tea. 4.40 
Torreya. 5.5 Persian Knight. 

1 11-0 JAKES' pal. _ 

2 0003 MARYMAGUne 

3 1021 TANFEN T " 

WParaca 4-160 MHMh4 

MqoCftaomnSM. OMeteKsS 


NT Craig t . . 

4 1310 MUM OOLPHM (C-D)(HF) J Beny 6-67 (9ex)- UFty7 

WABTH ftL LAD Y MBWato 4-8-3 JLowa 1 

I Johnson Z 


6 0400 

7 -oon TACHOMETER CNaisan 662 

9 004 COPLACE P MoniaAh 4-7-7 

11 0MQ HBVTTS VENTURE (USA) D Chapman 4-7*7 A Praii 
62 Miami Dolphin, 11-4 James' Pal. 61 Tachometer. 1 1-2 
Mary Maguire, 14-1 Warthtt Lady, 261 Henry's Venture. 

5fJ (5) 

3 0221 BMOO OUEOi J Sony 61 Gey KaOawyay (51 2 

6 03 JtAXYS LAD GM Moore 611 D Cray (7)5 

7 000 CHOICE MATCH J S WHson 68 DlfichotoS 

13 4200 MATCH GOLT Barron 68 BMcG«(7)l 

14 020 SHADY BLADE mraOK Straw 88 CDwyra4 

11-8 Bingo Oueon. 10630 Soatan Get 62 Shady Brads. 

162 Jute's Lad. 161 Choice Mach. 

355 CARMUNNOCK HANDICAP (3-y-o: £1,299: 
Im 10(7) 


£1.002: 1m3f)(5) 

3 063 SAFFAN (USA) M 

4 408 FAlMYRgerf Owns SmWt 611. 

5 0 KASUS Norton 611 

7 080 T1EATRE G M Moon 61 1 . 

9 042 TORREYA raF)JMnteey 611. 

48 Torreya. 2-1 Saffan. 61-Kasu. 161 Fanny Robin. 261 

S3 EAST KILBRIDE HANDICAP (£1.259: tin 3f) 

( 10 ) 

1 00-2 FmOMWS»rey6610 T 

2 008 PERttUNKMGHi I 


5 0421 CAA0U5EL 

6 OTTO KSEN(BR JPraltei668, 

7 good 

9 2222 MR UON 
11 D138 NOfSHC 

WHmn48fi. A Mradunrfi 

■ — son 4-8-2— J iTTnmiil ln iir 

■10(5w)G^K —a w i y(qi 

2 0000 COMMON FARM M Brittain 67 1 Joimaoo 6 

4 033 AUCTION TIME M Prescott 04 CMuOwS 

6 10 RHAPSODY to BLACK M Ryan 9-0 _MC8ee5 

7 am COSMIC FUGHTMUahra 613 JLowa 2 

io 600 bauorwo D ow snuh 610 dm*omi 

12 0000 MtSSNORLEY J ..... 

13 -000 SffiIff>AMAN DChapnarr 4-7-7. 

in D Chapman 668 — - 

F Carr' 465 J Carr (7) 8 

Snkh *-7-13 — L Chanock 4 

4-7-1 1 N Caribie 2 

- — A Proud 8 

"61 Carousal ftsck«. 61 Naede5acreL 6l Ruidom. 61 
lean. 61 Mr Uon. 161 Ntabt Warrior. AppteWtoK 161 PWteteD 
KnigM. 14-1 others. 

waters (EBbeHSL 0 Mwrs 
JevatecG janaon iSouihrato). M Rgbart - 

«on 0 lari riQB ri . Itena na r A Tolp U1(WtoQ- 

aor), SDraon (Scanthorora- fia rtOOrarete g 

Ha odaraon. Jackson. Burrrs.G gBJuek.D 

KMon mrames VaBaylfiacMOra rete: 

Tytar. Crarepun. G Bakswel (Hottv 

emaniL Causay. G Patterson (EdWxrgh 


Womrac lOttec J Boott (Central Rngw). 
H Cteroants (DwrfonS. tUteS&ori 
(Tariaw4. K Hogg (Edtobwgh Sovran). 
toOnc T Godd^ (M<d Han^ S Dran- 
port (Lincoln). SOOrb L Robmson (Gov 


MranfGuknrd). H Tnarngton (Lraees- 

W). 100m tandteK M Swob ( Souttwnd ). 

M Edward* (HarirwyL 400m Mm: J 

KinsaOa (Uvrapoc^T H Patterson (Sate). 
High ton J Bametson Mfip 
Mart p«Siq Long Jump: FM» (Oorby). 

S Rosa (Brreftfiekf). Shot J Buttle (Green- 
vrich), C Coakstey (Covrawy). D tow J 
Aucott (Coventry), 8 Hadwy (Chelms- 
ford). Jtore&c K Hough (dranseaL A 



Dsvenpori. J Heathcote 
(Haflamshire). A Saber (Barton). 

Hoping to 


By Conrad Voss Bark 

The cosffict between dry fly 
and" bait fishermen has been 
going, on lor a long time. 
Probably about a 100 years, ever 
since Halford first produced the 
dry fly code in 1886. Bait 
fishermen, and indeed some 
reservoir fishers, have always 
expressed a mBd contempt for 
chalk stream purists. Latest to 
add Ids . contempt is Barrie 
Richards, a pike specialist. In a 
book just published. Angling: 
Fundamental Principles 
(Boydell, £1255), he says spin- 
* « ought to be allowed on the 
uk streams and that the dry 
fly code which restricts nymph 
fishing is “really rather fumy”, 
laughter funny? No. Fanny 

It looks as though bait fisher- 
men really do Jive in a separate 
world from the fly fisherman, 
and cannot get around to under- 

stand the dry fly code. Even 
reservoir fishermen have been 
contemptuous of ft. Yon might 
expect die dry fly men to hit 

don't At fth yu^s^nnttl 
dinner . of one of the most 
dedicated dry fly dobs in En- 
gland, the Piscatorial Society, 
two of the main speakers went 
ant of their way to be nice to bait 
fishermen. A senior member of 
the society. Dr Harold 
Ttairlaway, deplored caffing 
them “coarse” fishermen and 
thought that 1 ‘freshwater 
fishermen” would be much bet- 
ter. He did, however, hive that 
over the years foe competitive 
dement in Ashing would 

The chief guest at this 150fo 
anniversary dinner. General Sir 
John Hackett, who fishes m foe 
Cotswohls, agreed. He disliked 
foe present sharp distinction 
between game fish and other 
fish. To go fishing, he said, was 
to find solace for anxious minds 
and for those who found life 
difficult to bear ft was an 
mkao mmanicabie source of se- 
cret strength. One achieved 
peace and happiness by the 
river, for a fisherman had to 
behave in a way which foe 
environment would accept- He 
only wished, he said. ™njn^ , 
foot more politicians would go 


Games snub 
to Webster 

England's selectors ba\ 
controversially left out of the 
Commonwealth Games tea: 
P arr >'l Webster, the holder < 
four national championship 
His fiery personality bi 
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national team officials in ti 


Webster, aged 23. frot 
Leicester, was told of his not 
selection after finishing secon 
m a 50-miles road time trial i 
Douglas, Isle of Man, yesterda: 

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Jereray Bale? conquered 
, lapses in concentration as vdl 
as' his dtirdgpod opponent in 
succession when he beat Si- 
•- tnon Youl, of Tasmania, 4-6, 
." 6-4, 6-4, to reach thc -quarter- 
'-" finals, at Redlpnd Green for 
^ the second year running in the 
/Bristol Trophy yestenJay. 

The contest, which took 

- about as many fluctuations as 
. the tide in a single day in the 
^ Solent, also contained a mo- 
-ment of comic aggravation 

■ just after theunSeeded British 
’j No. 2 had recovered from 

lour games down to 4-4 in ibe 
first set. 

' “An edd lady started muck- 
. ing about with her coat and 
-talking right behind me, aim I 
^ missed the same shot three 
times after that,” Bates said. 

' The incident/or- at least his 
. reaction to it, also^ contributed 
; jo him losing bis service and 

- the seL When, he was 1-4 
; behind in the* final set it 

■ looked, too, as though the 
; Englishman ^was about to lose 
' to You! for the third time in a 
; row. 

. "“1 would have tjeen really . 

- upset if that had happened,” 
fetes said. He was thankfully 
unaware that later' mYthe 
match fte.lady had dozed ofi 
underneath a broad-brimmed 
hat-'h was also fortunate that 
fetes refound bis best touch 
with his return of service, for 
him so often the barometer of 
jjis game, 

Today, on his 34th birth- 
day, he plays. Bud Schultz, a 
.skyscraper American, and if 
he wins, he could play the 
favourite, Henri Leconte, of 
France. Leconte won 6-4, 6-3 
against Mike Leach, an Amer- 
ican with a big service, and 
attributed his improvement in 
concentration to his wife and 
to fatherhood. His liking for 
grass was once again impres- 
sively evident. • 

Two other Wimbledon 
favourites experienced mixed 
fortunes; Nduka Odizor, or 
Nigeria, became the sixth seed 
to be unexpectedly beaten 
when he lost to Mark 
Woodford e, a promising Aus- 
tralian, while Vijay Amritraj. 
of India, avenged his defeat at 
Beckenham two weeks ago tif 
Ram Krishnan, his No. 1- 
rated compatriot, by 6-4, 6-3. 
Krishnan was the seventh 
seeding upset and the eighth 
occurred when Marty Davis, 
of the United States, die 1 lth- 
■ seeded title holder, was beaten 
1 1-9 in- tbe final set by Bob 
Green, his compatriot. - 

TURD ROUND fOBontoss stated): J 
Bates bt SYoulLAusk 4-6; 6-4. 64; - 
M Woodforde (Aus) tfi N OcSzor 
iria), 6-4,. 7-6: M Scfiapers 
1)1* C.steyo {SAV 7-6. 6-4; B 

ifa (US)MJSaJntU9, 2-6,6- 

4, 64; H teconte (Fr> bt m Leach 
(MS), M, 64; V AmrltrafdndJ bt R 
Krrahnan flncn, 64, 63rr Wlfason 

7US)WD&ih«(AusL6-1. 67.74;R 
Green (US) bt M Davis (US). 6-7. 7- 
5. 13-11. . 

down but 
not out 

Jo Dune denied that die bad 
“choked” after losing a match 
that she should have won at the 
Pflkington women’s champion- 
r ships >1 Eastbourne yesterday. 
Dune, aged 25, lost 1-6, 6-4, 6-4 
to Gahnela Sabatini, of Argen- 
tina, in the third round after 
leading 4-2, 40-15. on her own 
service in the final set and then 
having two break points for a 5- 
3 lead. 

“I didn't choke,” the Bristol 
woman said. “1 was going for 
my shots and things went badly 
at tbe wrong moment I have felt 
pretty good about my game this 
week and I'm not down in the - 
dumps. Now I'm just looking 
forward to playing well at 

Sabatini. who was 16 last 
month and is the 11th seed at 
Wimbledon, was delighted with 
her win. “Jo is a very good mss 
court player,” die said, Hjut 
when I was down in the final set 
I tried to play a little steadier 
and it worked.” 

Durie was philosophical 
about . defeat. Haoa 
MandHkova, seeded third at 
Wimbledon, was the reverse 
after losing 3-6, 7-5, 6-3 to the 
Californian, Robin White, in 
another third-round match. - 
Matxflikova was not in a talk- 
ative mood. like Durie she had 
her chance when leading 30-15 
on. White's service at 5-5 in the 
second set. But three wild shots 
changed the course of the match 
and White, ranked 24th in the 
world, wenton to ber “best ever 
. win.” 

-Britain have now fost all 
interest in the singles as Anne 
Hobbs was also beaten, losing 6- 
4, 6-1 in -56 minutes to tbe big- 
hitting Helena Sukova, of 
Czechoslovakia, who is the 
eighth seed at Wimbledon. To 
lose to Sukova was no disgrace 
but Hobbs was also hampered 
by a shoulder injury. She said: “I 

Smith lets 
African off 
the hook 

Jonathan Smith's hopes of 
reaching Wimbledon faded at 
the last gasp at Roehampton 
yesterday. The Devon player, 
aged 31, only one match away 
from a place in the main draw 
next week, was beaten 3-6. 7-6, 
6-2, 6-4, by the South African, 
Kevin Moir, in the third round. 

The match hinged on the 
second set, when Smith bad 
three points for a two-set lead, 
but each time he failed to take 
advantage. . Moir, let off the 
hook, grew more confident as 
the match went on and he took 
the next two sets with little 
difficulty, although he needed a 
lucky net call to win the match. 

A loser’s cheque of £1 ,250 was 
of little consolation to Smith, 
who admitted: “It would have 
been a different story had I 
managed to take that second set. 
I thought 1 was the better player 
until then. But in the end it was 
fitted not to be my day 

MEN’S SINGLES: ThW round (winners 
tar man draw): C wan Ranabura 
W Scanlon (USX 6-2. 6-2. B-4; S 

(Isd W L StettnW (US). 6-4. 74. 
M:K Moir (SA)WJ Smith. S6.7-6. 


Bowing oat: Jo Done on her way to defeat at Eastbourne 

courts, reached the last eight by 
beating Dianne Balestrat, of 
Australia, 6-4, 6-2 in 59 min- 
utes. The left-handed Balestrat, 
aged 29, led 3-2 in the first set 
and 2-1 in the second but each 
time Navratilova raised her 
game to move one step nearer 
the first prize of £25333. 

told myself not to think about it 
-but it simply got worse." Now it 
will be ice-packs and physio- 
therapy treatment for Hobbs for 
the next few days to “get it right 
for Wimbledon.” 

Tbe Wimbledon champion, 
Martina Navratilova, again 
showing her liking for 

(Photograph: Tun Bishop) 

THIRD ROUND: H SlAova (Cz) U A Hottw 

6-4. CM; Z Garrtmn (US) bt G 

mdez 0®. 66. M; M Nawatjkwa 
bt 0 Bateatrat (Aus). W. 6-2; L 
tkTkaiaKm, 7-5. 

- (USSH) bt h Tauztat(Frt, . 

6-7, 7-& R Whd* (US) bt H MandUkora 
, 36, 7-5. 6-3; eJnoue 

wtanuke (US). 7-6. 63. M: C Hooper 

7-6. 64. 7-6; B Custar (Aus) M T McCm 
(ua. 6-a. 2^6. 7-5. 6-5; P ChafnMftain 
bU hams (Br). tw. 74. 4-& 7-6: B 
Paen» (US) bt T HoflStadt (SuW), 7-6. B4, 

ners qualify tor main drart 0 Van 

.1, 6* K McDsntt (US) ta J Forman (US). 
6-3. 66: G Rush (US) Bt P Etohamendy 

Vanisr (Fra). 4-6. 6-1 , 63: 0 Fairal (US) bt 
E EKbtom (Swe). 6-1, 4-6. 11-ft J Nowotna 
(Cz) bt R Rais (US). 6-7. 6-2, 83. Revtead 
Whnbtodon wmn'i aMes drew: M L 
Ptatak (US) v P Bara (USjSjcfcy tow); P 
Smyde (Ain) v D Van Rensb^B (SA): S 
Mascarm (US) v J Nowtoa (Cz£ A 
CecOtn (Italy) vAH Fernandez (US); C 

(Arlfbt j buna. 1-6. 64. 64; C Kohde- 


Suinmea (US); A vaagtwi (Arp) 
McDaniel (US). 


for the 
crown of 

By Peter Aykroyd 

Now that Hayley Price, the 
British women's champion, has 
. announced her retirement at the 
age of 19 after a' long and 
distinguished career. Interest is 
focussing oo possible successors 
(0 ber crown. Several contenders 

were under sontin y at the recent 
NatWest gymnastics display at 
Crystal Palace. Bat, as yet, no 
natural heiress to Miss Price 
stands oat in a wide group 
containing both talent and 

Of veteran performers, Sally 
Lamer, Miss Price's colleague 
at the Red ditch and Bronggrore 
dub, and Jacqueline McCarthy, 
of Longbtnn. could make the 
strongest bid for the title. 

In the last year, two new- 
comers .to the British -senior 
squad made impressive inter- 
national debuts at the Montreal 
world championships. They are 
Stephanie Mickbun. of Ipswich, 
and Lisa Elliott, of Egbam, both 
of whom at 15 and 16 respec- 
tively have shown they have tbe 
ability and temperament to com- 
pete successfully at world-class 

Other hopefuls on the na- 
tional scene must ifldnde Nancy 
Clarke, of Longbton, Laura 
Thomas, of Heathrow, and Lisa 
Law, of Leicester, die 1986 
Thames Television Jrarior Gym- 
nast of tbe Year. 

But at Crystal Palace Lisa 
Elliott caught the attention of 
knowledgeable watchers as be- 
ing dose to tbe aU-coaq ue r ing 
Sonet image of a true gymnast 
by figure, style, agility and an 
instinctive fed for dance. She 
may wdl have a sparkling and 
outstanding career ahead of her. 

Tbe new queen of British 
gymnastics will emerge oo 
November 1 from the national 
finals, which wiD be beW fortbe 
first time at Alexandra Palace. 


task at 

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. . By JohnGoodbody- 

The British CHympic Associ- 
ation yesterday moved into an 
era in which they are seeking a 
higher public and international 
profile by appointing John 
Boulter as their general 

Boulter, aged 45, a former 
Oxford University and Olympic 
800-metres runner, has been the; 
director of promotion, and ex- 
ternal relations with Adidas 
XJRance) fw ikHast Mqrearss ' 

Few people knowibc imer- 
■'national sporting scene- with 
'such intimacy: as Boulter, , who 
.speaks Bench and German 
-fluently and has attended events 
- at every major .sport except for 
. cricket, golf,- American- football 
and basebalL 

: He agreed yesterday that he 
. probably knows all tbe general 
secretaries of the 162 national 
Olympic committees, as welf a& 
the officials of tbe international 
federations with whom Adidas 
have had increasingly close 
relations because of the expan- 
sion of sponsorship. ■ 

-.. One of his main ambitions 
with be to restore Britain's 
i influence . in international af- 
fairs. .“I .warn. Britain to get back 
hs voice;” he raid. In the early 

■ 'seventies 14 Britons were either 
secretary or president of inter- 
national federations. Now there 
are only three. Boulter is ideally 
'suited for this task. 

t Boulter, who flew in from the 
World Cup yesterday for his 
'interview, was selected from a 
shortlist of six of whom two 
others are believed to have been 

■ David Teasdale, the assistant to 
the Sports Minister. , and Roger 

. Bottom ley, an experienced 
"administrator at both' national 
and regional level. There were 
150 written applications from a 
-total of 500 enquiries. 

Boulter, who has lived, in 
France for the last 14 years, said 
that he was happy to be return- 
ing honie. “There comes a time 
when yon need another chal- 
lenge. I want to help sport from 
the inside.” 

Boulter said that the domestic 
side of British sport was tbe area 
which be knew least about but 
that he was looking forward to 
encouraging the 28 sports which 
are represented at the BOA. 

• The position became vacant 
when Dick Palmer, an excellent 
general secretary for_ tbe last 
nine years, was appointed ad- 
viser to Olympic solidarity -with 
-the International Olympic 
Association. Boulter is expected 
to begin work in the autumn. 


Royal Thames 
launch yacht 

Fremantle (Reuter) --The 

Jtoya! Thames Y«ht Cub, 
Britain's America's Cup reprc- 
sematives. yesterday punched 
Crusader II, the second of their 
vachts which will fight forjhe 
right to wm the tr ophy from 
Australia in January next year. 
RUGBY LEAGUE: The British 
Lions amateur team went down 
20-18 against Tweed Head 
Seagulls m the sixih match of 

- their Australian tour in New 
South Wales yesterday. The 
Lions' three tries came from the 
Leigh winger, Neil McCulloch 

.(two) ana the .Whitehaven 
winger Bill Riochardson, who 
also lucked three goals. 

CYCLING: Guido Wunerberg. 

- of Switzerland, broke .away from 

the pack to win the 226- 
kitomdre eighth staff- of the 
Tour de Suisse race m Klostcrs 
yesterday. ' 

eighth stage (Bdfcyo na » W oteara 
228km: Swti3 unless atMnd): L G 
Smb i7rna IfrggAg. 

.^7S6,sS5S(iM^ • ' 

Greenidge the aggressor 

BASINGSTOKE: Sump, with 
att their first mmngsyncktts in 
hand; are 380. runs behind 
Hampshire. - 

In Mazing Sunshine Robin 
Smith aqd Gordon' Greenidge 
led a rooting display of aggres- 
sive hatting by Hampshire yes- 
terday. Smith reached his. third 
century in four innings at 
Basinfftbke before he was leg- 
before sweeping: Greenidge 
made 97 earlier and drove and 
pulled with an even greater 
power which left the fiddmen 
wringing their bands; - '- - 
'. -Only. MIdcflesex among- tbe . 
• pre-season- championship 
. oonteiutes-^ listed by *bo«k- 
1 makers- and critics have 
achieved, less thag'Ha m pstore 
so for. this season. Hampshire 
area safe more than inost, who 
reload best when the sun is on 
their backs. ILis possible that 
Tuesday’s win ar Dford saw 
thexu turiUhe cortier in leans of 

• - The -pattern for Hampshire's 
dominance was set when they 
readied 142 before Terry was 
out in the last over before lunch. 

By Richard Eaton 

Nicholas had done his bit by 
winning bis seventh toss out of 
eight in the competition. Terry, 
Inevitably, was overshadowed 
by Greenidge but played some 
elegant off drives before Gray 
landed a yorker on his boot. 

Gray occasionally got -the ball 
to lift alarmingly - shades of 
what Marshall might do later — 
but was guilty of numerous no- 
balls, which helped keep 
Surrey’s morning over rate un- 
der 15 an hour. Doughty over- 
pitched and. was ^freely 
punished. His captain. Though, 
will forgive him after he caused 
Greenidge to edge a ball into his 
stumps as bepushed forward. 

Greenidge has now reached 
•90- four times' at the' May’s 
Bounty Ground in 10 matches 
but only once has he gone on to 
a century.. Greenidge hit a six 
and IS fours and from his cross 
reaction at his mistake, had set 
his sights. on making 300. 
Turner drove a catch to mid-off 
and the stage was set for' the 
fourth wicket pair. 

Nicholas, whose previous best 
championship score this year in 

JO attempts has been 26, twice 
pulled huge sixes against Need- 
ham. Pocodc and Needham did 
a lot of bowling in the afternoon 
which improved the over rate, 
but the conditions were against 
them. Nicholas finally chopped 
a ball from BickneD into his 

HAMPSHIRE: Hist Innings _ 

L G Greenidge b Doughty 97 

V(* Tony tow b Gray 44 

D R Turner c Pocock b OougWjr 12 

-MCJ Nicholas b Octane 50 

R A Smith tow b Pocock . — 101 

MJ3 Marshas not out 51 

N G Canny rat out 6 

Extras (d 11. 1515, w 4, it) 10) — 40 
• Total (5wtos dec. 100 overs) — 4<n 
tfl J Parts. T MTramtott. R J Mara, C 
A Condor OO not b«L 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-142. 2-178. 3-188. 

BOWLING: Gray 19-S49-1; Doughty 174- 
764 Btctane 174-55-1; Btachor 1 4-2-52- 
0; Pocock 23-3-81-1; Needham 10-1-52-0. 
SURREY: Brat tarings 

A J Stewart not out : 4 

GS CSrrton ^ 13 

Extras Ob 2. wi. rib 1) ~± 

Total (no wkt 7 cwsrs) 21 

A R Butcher, UA Lynch. TEJesty. A 
Needham, TCJ Richmta. HJ DouMy. M 
Bkloiefl. A Vi Gray, *P I Pocod* tobat 
Bonn potatK Hampshire 4, Swray 2. 
Umpires: B Dudleston and A A Jones. 

Essex have to straggle 


ft . is unlikely that this pitch 
will fest- The ball looked worn 
after a few overs, rather as it 
does on. The Esplanade Ground 
in . Coiin. There, it is the rough 
outfield whichscrifis H. Here, so 
one of thegroundsmen ioki me, 
there are pdfoles in the pitch 
under poor quality top soil and 
drestinfc E very so often the ball 
would lift off a length. Fletcher 
took one nasty blow on a gkitfe. 

There was a good size; crowd 
for the second chammons&ip 
match of Ilford Week.- Essex 
wan tfie loss and soon lost both 
openers to Imran, who, if:he 
could have done with the dime 
lasting longer, worked up some 
pace. Hardfe attempted one of 
his characteristic slashes that 
was weft taken in the gully. 
Gladwin did not go through 
with a hook, the baH dollying op, 
off the splice.. 

When Bonder was bowled by 
one that Reeve cut across him. 
Essex were 51 for three. By now, 
though, Imran was . off and 
Prichard was -starting -to dis- 
patch the short ball in delightful 
fashion. He and Fletcher added 
98 in 124 minutes, the stand 
dominated try tire younger man. 
Prichard had baited three hours ' 
with barelya false shot when he' 
edffd' Pigotr to dip. His ~6S 
inducted nmg fours.. 

Pont and East came and went, 
the- latter rat io one of those 

catches which tbe umpire has no 
way of knowing, whether it 
caniecLPigott did well to knock 
the ball down at second dip 
before fiimblihg ' with it and 
claiming the catch. 

1 Fteicher then found a willing 
partner in Poster, who stayed 

while he reached his half cen- 
tury, made in 199 minutes with 
three boundaries. After be was 
caught at the wicket, pushing 
tentatively at Pigoti Foster 
showed what a useful batsman 
be is, booking and cutting to the 
effect of reaching a fifty in 95 
minutes with seven boundaries. 

Dredge benefit 

Somerset County Cricket 
Club have announced that Colin 
Dredge, their seam bowler, has 
been awarded a benefit m 1987. 
Since his debut in 1976, Dredge 
has taken 405 firsi-class wickets 
for them. ... 

Leicester profit 

Leicester Rugby Club made a 
pre-tax profit of £46^47 last 
season compared with a loss of 
£4,803 the previous year. Gate 
takings were down by £3,500 to 
£68,084 but this was mainly due 
to the severe winter. 

Drafted in 

New York (Reuter) — Tbe 
Soviet basketball player, Arvi- 
das Sa bonis, has become tbe 
first man without playing 
experience in the United 
Stales to be chosen for the first 
round of the National Basket- 
ball Association selection 
draft. Tbe 2.18-metre tall 
Sabonis was chosen by Port- 
land Trail Blazers. 





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K M Curran . 

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RAHarper . 
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JJ Whitaker . ... 
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AHH • 
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CEB Rice . 

J G Thomas ■- 
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By Alan Gibson 

BATH: Somerset, with eight first 
innings wickets in hand, are 340 
runs Behind Northamptonshire. 

Somerset won the toss and 
pul Northamptonshire in, 
which was baffling on a dry day, 
on a pitch that has a notorious 
reputation for crumbling. Roe- 
buck, no doubt, ruminated 
amoire his theories and must 
have been quite happy when he 
had two out for 32 and not quite 
miserable even when he bad 
four out for 169. 

Cook was bowled by Garner 
at 12 and Larkins by Davis at 32 
but Boyd-Moss and Bailey pro- 
duced a stand. When Boyd- 
Moss was caught at long-off, 
against the subtie Marks, the 
score was 116. Davis bowled 
Bailey, who had been hatting 
steadily, to keep Somerset in the' 

Capel and Wild, both born in 
Northampton, an unusual 
qualification in Northampton- 
shire cricketers, made a stout 
stand for the fifth wicket, batting 
with increasing confidence. 

It was another warm day and 
another large crowd attended. I 
cannot see that there is much 
force in the arguments, which 
can be heard quite loudly in 
Taunton, that the Bath Festival 
should be abolished. At tea, 
Northamptonshire were 257 for 
four after 74 overs, a reasonably 
brisk pace. Somerset did not 
quite seem to know what to do, 
as the afternoon wore on. It was 
not, as a Somerset member told 
me, a “dramatic” afternoon but 
the Northamptonshire support- 
ers, of whom quite a number 
have come down, had reason to 
be pleased with themselves at 
this stage. 

Roebuck kept changing his 
bowling, though his fields be- 
came increasingly defensive. 
Richards had a long spell, which 
he dearly enjoyed, especially 
when bowling his leg-breaks. 
Capel reached his 1 00. after 
some wobbles in the 90s. in the was a good knock 
and Northamptonshire de- 
clared. Roebuck left the field 
with a look on his face which I 
can only describe as ruminative. 

These little things are sent to try 
us and he did not look much 
happier when he was one of the 
early Somerset wickets to fall. 

fiOHlKAMPTONSHRE: Rrat Inoings , 

■0 Cook tow fa Gamar s 

VI tartans b OniS 1| 

R J Bcwd-Mass c Hardy b Marks 38 

H JSaSeyb Davis » 

DJ W3dc Roebuck b Richards -85 

DJ Capel not out — 1“ 

R A Hafper c Harden b Richards 2 

tS N V Wsterian not out 24 

Extras (b 9, fc 5. nb S) -J£ 

Total (6 aria dW3 355 

Score all 00 overs: 351 tar sac. 

N G B Cook. N A Mntandw and S J 
Griffiths <fid not baL 

FALL of WICKETS: 1-12, 264. 3-11 6. «- 
168. 5-274. 6-2Sa 

BOWUNG: Gamer 15-1-57-1; Davis 18.1- 
2-67-2; Palmer 232694; Richards 16-2- 
55-2; Marte 29-10-73-1 

SOMERSET: Rot fartngs 

N A FflBDO c wawrwi b Gnftrths 7 

■PM Roebuck bMalenoer — ° 

tR J B#z not out 1 

j j E Hardy not out - 7 

Total (2 wfcts. 6 overa) — — 15 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-5. 2-7. 

I V A Richards. R J Harden, 0 C RO80. V J 
Marks. M R Davis, J Gamer and G V 
Palmer to bat 

Bonus pants Somerset 2pt>. North- 
Umatafc Q R Shspherd and JH Hants. 

Back operation 

David Grayeney, the 
Gloucestershire captain, under- 
went a manipulative operation 
on his back in & Bristol hospital 

S sieiday. He was expected to 
discharged last night and 
could return to the side for tbe 
Britannic Assurance County 
Championship match with 
Derbyshire- which starts at 
Chesterfield on Saturday. 
Gravcncy. who has a long- 
standing hock problem, has 
recently been playing with the 
help of a corset. 

Carr hits out for the cynics 

TRENT BRIDGE: Nottingham- 
shire. with all their second 
innings wickets in hand, lead 
Middlesex by 57 runs. 

Cynics, cogniscam of the ab- 
sence of Hadlee from one side 
and Emburey and Edmonds 
from the other, took one look at 
the Trent Bridge wicket yes- 
terday and had no doubts — the 
ball would be turning square by 
Friday lunchtime and 
Middlesex's quartet of seam 
bowlers were in for a frustrating 

The first conclusion may 
never be tested. The second was 
disproved immediately as Dan- 
iel and his colleagues went to 
work .with relish as they discov- 
ered the strip offered dramati- 
cally uneven bounce and 
enough movement to disconcert 
even the wary. 

By the time Nottinghamshire 
reached 192 they probably re- 
garded that tonal as representing 
comparative riches after their 
difficulties in the morning. Ely 
the dose it dearly did as 
Middlesex's depleted line-up 
found batting equally difficult, 
three wickets felling in three 
overs for the second time in the 
day as Pick and Cooper went to 

By Peter Ball 

work after tea. 

The first time it had occurred 
when Hughes ended tbe solid 
progress of Broad, splendidly 
taken at gully, and Robinson, 
the first of several victims oflow 
bounce, while Daniel exposed 
Randall's growing unease 
against real pace in between the 
fell of the two openers. 

From then on the batsmen 
were in the toil, only a regular 
diet of one loose delivery an 
over enabling Nottinghamshire 
to keep the score moving on. 
That provided no sustenance for 
Rice, who fell cheaply to a 
grotesque pull across the line, 
out Johnson and Birch steadied 
things until Johnson was taken 
offbatand pad at 111. - 

Birch, however, found sup- 
port from Scott, Pick and 
Hemmings to see his team- to 
one bonus point before Cowans, 
the least convincing bowler in 
the morning, polished off the 
innings to claim the best figures. 

That Middlesex even got as 
far as they did was due entirely 
to Canr, who again dem- 
onstrated that he is a worthy son 
of his father. Arriving in a crisis 
at 44 for four, he refused to be 
rattled, driving the bad balls 

hard for his eight fours and 
defending with composure to 
play the mqjor pan iu partner- 
ships with Radley and the 
younger Brown. He was dis- 
missed when be. for once with- 
out reaching the pitch, be drove 
to at backward point. 

R T Robinson b Hixtaes 17 



B C Breed c G BnwSi b Hu£m» 

D W Randal b Daniel — 

CEB Rk* b Fraser 

P Johnson cK Brawn b Fraser 29 

JD Birch B Cowans 46 

CWSconbDenKH 10 

R A Pick c G Brown b Cowans — 7 

EE Hammings cDowntanb Cowans.. 16 

K E Cooper 14 

p M Such e K Brown b Cowans 0 

Extras (b 4, b3.w3.nb 4) — ,— 14 

Total (Scorns). 192 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-43. 945. 3-47, 4- 
7D. 5-11 1. 6-T30. 7-15B. 8-167, 9-192. ID- 

MIDDLESEX: Ftaa Innings 
KR Brown cRaniafib Cooper— 32 

A JTMSerc Johnson b Cooper 5 

PR Downtime Scott b Pick 1 

RO Butcher e Scott b Pick 1 

-CTRadtof bRtae 9 

J D Carr c Birch b Cooper 57 

GK Brown 9 

S P Hughes b Hammings 1 

ARC Fraser 0 

Extras -7 

Total (45 oeera) — — 122 

N G Cowans. W W Daniel to tat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-28. 2-42. 3-44. 4- 
44. S«. 6-121 ,7-122. 

. Umpires: D O Ostoar and C Cook. 

Measure for measure Records 

By Peter Marson 

A good hundred by Metcalfe, 
and a sound 76 In' Boycott,, 
stood at the centre of an 
especially satisfactory perfor- 
mance by Yorkshire at New 
Road, Worcester, yesterday. At 
the dose Yorkshire got to 337 
for seven and a maximum in 
bonus points. 

Yorkshire may have been 
surprised to have received an 
invitation to bat first on a good 
looking pitch. Pridgeon at once 
gave substance to Neale's theory 
by bowling Moxon, and though 
Pridgeon and McEwan , playing 
in Radford's place managed to 
derive sufficient assistance from 
the pitch to make Boycott and 
Metcalfe work hard to ensure 
survival, and at the same time 
score runs, the batsmen even- 
tually got the measure of the 
bowlers. At lunch.then, these 
two, matching stroke for stroke, 
and with a sprinkling of bound- 
aries, had gone past their half 
centuries as Yorkshire came in 
at 1 18 for one from 41 overs. 

At Gloucester, where Kent 
had chosen to bat first 
Gloucestershire's initial assult, 
in which Benson, Hinks and 
Tavare had fallen to Payne and 
Walsh for 54 runs meant that 
Taylor and Christopher 
Cowdrey had first to regroup 
before easing away from a 
defensive position- This they 
did, proceeding with the caution 
that is customary in these 
circumstances, with Taylor 
making 44 and Cowdrey 51 
between lunch and lea. 

Moseley's enatic. opening 
spell at St Helens, Swansea, 
where Warwickshire had been 
put in to bat. had Smith moving 
the wrong way and into trouble 
as he ducked bead first into a 
rising ball. Smith bravely stayed 
on to make eight out of 52 in 
partnership with Uoyd before 
retiring. When he reappeared 
later, at the fall of the sixth 
wicket. Glamorgan's bowlers 
had taken some stick, chiefly 
from Amiss. 

Glamorgan v Warwickshire 


G lamo r ga n, mrith five first Innings wickets 
in hand, an 229 runs behind 

WARWICKSHR& Rrst tarings 

T A Uoyd c Oavtas b Moseley 39 

PA Smith cDonickbOnffing 9 

A ( KaJScharran tow b Holms 6 

D L Amiss c Davies b Mosatey 110 

-tGWHumpagab Thomas 65 

As* Din b thomas 0 

A M Ferrara b Thomas — 6 

JG Renans not out 
K J Kerr c Hoknes b Moseley 
GCSmsflb Thames 


.. 1 


m H oatord C Hotams b Omonq 0 

Extras [b 5. to B. w 7. no te) 38 

Total (81.1 overs) — 301 

PALL OP WICKETS: 1-59. 2-70, 3-197. 4- 
198,5-209. &-266.7-Z71. 8-272. B-294. 10- 

Gloncs v Kent 

KENT: Bra Inrwigs 
M R Benson b Payne 

SGHrtacWnsrtb Walsh ... . 
C J Tavart c Ruaaei b Wafsti 


NRTeytacC Steroid bBambrtdgo 44 
"CS Cowdrey oCurraft b Bambfidge 51 
G B Cowdrey c Russel b Bartridge 

IS A Marsh fbw b Batabridgo 

C Pam b Bsnbrid 
D L Underwood b 

TMAUenranowaisn — 

KBS Jervis notout 

Extras (03. to 10. nb i) . 
Total (99.4 overs) 

. 0 
. 0 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-44. 2-44, 364, 4- 
109. 5-184, 6-184. 7-184,8-223, 9-238. IB- 

BOWUNG: Lawrence 174-346-1: Welsh 
33-9-78-3: Payne 22-1044-1; Bunbridge 
22-1IMW; Uoytfc 5-1-U 

A J Wnrtitnct out 19 

A W S tovofcf b Aldermen — — ... 3 

tR C Russell not out 4 

Total (i w«. 9overa) - 


K PTomfins. ^ Bambridge, K M Curran. J 
w Ltoyds, M W AitoyiK. I R Payne. D V 
Lawrence and CA wiieh to bat 
Bonus points: Ctoucesrarshre 4. Kant 2. 
UkapRSK J w Homer end K J Lyons. 

BOWUNG: Thomas 21-1-89-4; Mosety 
20-3-67-3: Holmes 54128-1; Derrick 4-0- 
20-0; Maynard 441-134): OntOng 1D.1-S- 
19-2; Steele 17-1-52-0. 

GLAMORGAN: first Innings 

D B Pautara tow bSmafl 4 

H Moms tow b Parsons 0 

GC Holmes bGHtord 20 

J F Stasis not out 8 

Yount Ahmad cHumpegeb SmaH _ 16 

M P Maynard tow D Gerard 20 

*R C Ontong not out 0 

Extras (w 1. nb 3) 4 

Total (5 wkts. 25 owrs) 72 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-4. 2-6. M7. 4-56. 

j G Thomas. IT Danas, t Derrick. E A 
Moseley to Cjbl 

Bonus ports: Qaiflorgan 4. Warwiefcshra 
Umpires: M J tOtchen end P B Wl^rt. 

Worcs v Yorkshire 


YORKSHIRE: Fxatnnmgs 

G Boycott c Hck b inctiinora 76 

MD Moxon bPnageon 1 

A A Metcalfe b Pridgeon 108 

K Sharp & Newport .4 

JD Love run out « 

SN Hartley c and DUcEwen 48 

•to L Baxstowb Patel 15 

PCarrieknotout 24 

ASidetottomnoteut 11 

Extras (b 8. t> 12. w 2. nb 4) 26 

Totalffwtas) 337 

Scare at 100 overs: 321 for B 
P W Jams and S J Denns to bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-3. 2-184. 3-197. 4- 
207. 5-346. 6-274, 7-321 

COGvera.' D M Smith, Q A hick. *P A 
Neale. DM Paw. tS J Rhodes. P J 
Ngngoa SMMcewan.JOInctanore.AP 

Bonus ports: Worcestershire 2. York- 
Stare 4. 

Umpres; R Palmer apa A G T Whitehead. 

for 2. Intfians won by 8 wckets. 



By Michael Berry 

The ICC Trophy is fast 
emerging as a competition of 
new records. Not least is the 
unprecedented number of sun- 
filled hours, and another hot day 
yesterday in the Midlands saw 
several new bailing milestones. 

For die second time in five 
days the competition's record 
innings total was passed. Ldst 
Friday. Bermuda became- the 
first-ever country to top 400; 
yesterday, both Papua New 
Guinea and the Netherlands 
improved oo this performance. 
The Papuans, a happy and 
exuberant band, led the way 
with a massive 45S for nine off 
60 overs in their victory over 
Gibraltar at Cannock and 
Rugeley. Babani Harry, at 19 the 
youngest member of their party, 
scored 1 27 and Charles Amini, a 
recognized bowler, fell just short 
of his hundred, scoring 97. 
William Maha then took the last 
five Gibraltar wickets for a 
personal cost of 12 runs as they 
were dismissed for S6, the 
margin of victory. 369 runs, also 
being a new rccord- 

The Dutch opening pair of 
Steve Atkinson, belter known in 
England as a Minor Counties 
player with Durham, and Rob 
Lifmann shared an opening 
stand of 251 on the way to a 
total of 425 for four against 
IsraeL Atkinson made 162 and 
Lifmann 1 10. Lifmann thus 
becoming the first player lo 
score two centuries in ICC 
Trophy cricket. 

Elsewhere. Zimbabwe, the 
favourites, were struggling at 98 
for five against Argentina, at 
Fordhouses until Peter Rawson 
(125) and Gary Wallace (77) 
revived them with a sixth- 
wicket stand of 174. They 
finished with 357 for seven and 
then dismissed Argentina for 

RESULTS: (hoop One R inffiowap 2im- 
babwe 357 tor 7 (80 ows P W E Rawson 
125. G Wafeca 77); Atgentoa 158 (4S 
overs). Zimbabwe won by 207 rare. 
Moaete y Jt ah fiekt Mateysa 239 (56£ 
Oven; A Stavens 66. Y Imran 84 not oat. J 
Bodeha 4 far 39): Banaiadesri 1 45 tar a 
(44 overs). Group Two; Halesowen: Hang 
Kong 261 tor 7 (60 overs; N Stares 86. § 
Myles 82); Canada 146 for 2 (37 overs). 
Cannock and Hageley: Papua New 
Gov*a 455 tor 9 160 overs: B Hany 127. C 
AmW 97. A Uka 69. R Bb 60 not out: G 
De'Ath 5 tor 88): QtMltar 65 (35 oMre; W 
Marta 5 for 12, G Ravu 4 for 16). Papua 
Now Gurea «roo by 369 runs, ora 
SU MW a na: Netherfarxla 425 tor 4 (50 
overt): S ASbncon 162. R Ltfmam 110, R 
Gomes 84 TO out, S Lubbers 50k tare* 
70 for 1 0 overs) Stratford: Beunuda 
224 lex 9 (60 overs: MHB 58. A R Wanders 
58). United States 159 for B (44 over^. 

; 4 .-.» 



•i: — \ - 




Morocco for 

Franz Beckenbauer, ihe 
manager of Wesi Germany, 
has blamed his team's oppo- 
nents, Morocco, for the ap- 
pallingly low level of 
entertainment in the World 
Cup second-round match in 
Monterrey on Tuesday. "It 
takes two teams to make an 
attractive match." 

Beckenbauer said. 

A goal two minutes from the 
end by Maithaeus enabled 
West (jermany to win 1-0 and 
qualify for a quarter-final lie 
against the host nation. Mexi- 
co. on Saturdav. “Morocco 
plaved more backwards than 
forwards and it made it very 
difficult for us." Beckenbauer 

The Germans did not help 
their own cause by missing 
two easy chances, while Mo- 
rocco could blame inept orga- 
nization for allowing 
Matthaeus to score with a free 
kick from 30 yards as extra 
time loomed. 

Beckenbauer refused to be 
critical of his team’s contribu- 
tion. “We knew it would be 
hard. You only had to look at 
Morocco’s group results 
against England, Poland and 
Portugal to see they are a 
strong side.” Jose Faria, the 
Morocco manager, was unim- 
pressed with the Germans and 
insisted England were the 
strongest side his team had 
met in Mexico. 

The Germans, who have 
never failed to reach at least 
the last eight in nine finals, 
must have had visions of a 
repeat of their embarrassing 
defeat by Algeria in 1982 as 
they fought to wrest control of 
the game from the stifling 
defensive play of Morocco. 

West Germany, for all their 
pressure, were able to create 
only two clear-cut chances, 
one in each half, and towards 
the end were reduced to 
bickering among themselves. 

About 1 1 million Germans 
stayed up late to watch the 
game on television — the 
largest viewer audience ever 
registered after midnight. Bi/d, 
the country's largest daily 
newspaper, reported that bars 
bad remained open well past 
normal closing time. 

WEST GERMANY: T Schumacher; 
B-P BriegeJ. K Forster. N Edar, L 
Matthaeus. R Voter (sub: P 
Littbarski). F Magath, K-H 
Rummenigge. T Barthold. D 
Jakobs. K AHofs. 

MOROCCO: B Zaki; K Labd. A 
Lemns. N Bouyahyaoui, A Dolrny. M 
Haddaoui, A Bouderbala, K Merry. 
M Trmoumi. L Ouaddart. A Khairi. 
Referee: Z Petrovx: (Yugoslavia). 

Bearzot’s gentle 
touch a target 
in the war zone 

Handing it to France: The defeat of the World Cup holders, Italy, brings consolation (above) for Bagni from Platini, the 
i French captain, and despair (below, from left) for coach Bearzot, De Napoli on the field and Sosa on the sidelines 

French are 
to the boil 

Drug test 

Mexico City 

-Football has become a kmti 
of war," Helmut ScMn said 
d urine the World Cup m Aigen- 
ttaTttefbre his team test to 
Austria and the Wea German 
media set about verbally dis- 
membering him. He baa 
planned to retire, come wnar 
may, and he was we ary of the 
load which every interaa t w im i 
manager most carry. 

So "is Enzo Bearzot hf™ to 
Mexico, though be has already 
signed another four-year con- 
tract which wiD take bnn 
through to 1990 when Italy will 
be the hosts. Nonetheless. 
substantial sectmnsof tkejg- 
tan Press were yesterday trying 
to dismantle the reputation of a 
gentlemanly, courteous and wwe 
Trnm who won them the World 
Cup foor years ago havmg 
partially transformed the neu- 
rotic caution of Italian inter- 
national fo otball from the tnne 
he took charge in 1976, during 
the United Slates bicentenary 

Bearzot built two fine World 
Cup for 1978 and 1982. 

around the strength not only of 
characteristic defenders but 
some brilliant forwards: 

Bettega, Causio. Rossi, Conti. In 
1986 he I ‘ 

Mexico City (Reuter) — Henn 
MicheL the French team chief, 
said the World Cup victory over 
Italy, the holders, showed bis 
team were hitting form on the 
way to their quarter-final 
against Brazil in Guadalajara on 
Saturday. “The French team are 
rediscovering their game, based 
on imaginauon and vivacity," 
he said. “For a long time we had 
complexes about the Italians. 
Today we didn't. That was 
perhaps the key to the match." 

Michel described Brazil as a 
brilliant team and said: “They 
have an economic and efficient 
game. They have always pos- 
sessed good players, it is another 
challenge. Every match presents 
itself as a final for us." He 
dismissed any notion, that 
Brazil's defence was vulnerable. _ 
“For 20 years people have been 
saying the Brazilian defence was 
bad but in my view during that 
period they've had one of the 
best defences in the world." 

Brazil have attracted a vast 
following in Guadalajara, but 
Michel said: “We adapted to 
Mexico City. We’ll have to 
adapt to Guadalajara; even it is 
the fiefdom of Brazil. 

Michel said that the decision 
by Carlos Esposito, the 
Argentinian referee, to book 
William Ayache. a defender, 
with a second yellow card - 
which puts him out of the 
quarter-final — was absurd. 

Queretaro (AP) — Sepp 
Piontek. the Denmark coach, 
has criticized FIFA for not 
suspending a Spanish player 
who received medication 
containing chemicals on FIFA's 
anti-doping list. Ram6n 
Caldera, a midfield player, re- 
ceived the medication in 
Guadalajara, where he was hos- 
pitalized with food poisoning 
FIFA fined the Spanish Foot- 
ball Federation 23.000 Swiss 
francs (£9,230) on Sunday but 
no action was taken against the 
player. Caldere, aged 27, who 
plays for Barcelona, was ex- 
pected to be in the Spanish team 
to play Denmark in a second- 
round match in Queretaro last 

ni fe Danish team did not file 
a protest but Piontek said: “it 
seems he' win be able to play. So 
why should we have these anti- 
doping rules?" 

• The defeated Uruguayan 
squad left for home today with 
their players and officials con- 
vinced they were victims of 
prejudice and bad refereeing 
throughout the World Cup. And 
Eugenio Figueredo, a team 
spokesman, denied reports that 
the Uruguayan directors had 
apologized to FIFA for their 
players’ behaviour. Uruguay, 
beaten 1-0 by Argentina on 
Monday, picked up nine cau- 
tions and two expulsions in their 
four matches and were fined by 
FIFA last weekend. 

Give me surfeit of the game 
and less of studio pundits 

Stars are 
for home 


^ AH matches for June 14th 

Last night gave us the first of 
those irritating pointless dilem- 
mas that characterize big trie- 
vision sporting events. Ou which 
channel do you watch exactly 
the same pichvs that the other 
channel is showing? 

The BBC has a natural advan- 
tage with its absence of 
advertisements. The incessant 
witless repetition of advertisers' 
moron-fodder has become so 
mafh a part of life that if we are 
not careful, we forget to be 
insulted by h. Ultimately, j I_. 
suppose, the entire World Cup is 
about tiie sale of television 
advertising space. It is nice to 
escape it on BBC. 

Things could be worse than 
they are. In Hong Kong in 1982, 
20 minutes into each half they 
broke into live football trans- 
mission to give ns five solid 
min utes of adverts. Enraged 
millions compiled a list of the 
advertisers, vowing never to buy 
their prod nets: the mere sight of 
a packet of MAL-BO-LO ciga- 
rettes earned people white with 
rage before the competition was 

Advertisers are keen on what 
they call “the point of 
difference" between products. 
The commentators should be the 
most important point of dif- 
ference between the two chan- 
nels, bm here, we are comparing 
unsatisfactory with unsatisfac- 
tory. Barry Davies is the best of 


Laurie McMenemy is a classic 
actor. As such, he has won. 
himself a reputation for being 
wise, shrewd, fair and percep- 
tive, with an excellent television 
manner, I wonder how on earth 
he managed it. 



- > 00L j| 





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for the viewer to keep his mirth 
under control. These people are 
not Oscar Wildes - however, 
they all think they are, which 
must be nearly as good. 
^Matthaens hasn't -looked so 

rosy tonight- ■ . " 

The most conspicuous point- 
of-diff between channels is the 
studio stuff. So far as anchor 
persons go, we are comparing 
excellencies: Brian Moore is 
yalm w«l nmtah le for iTV and so 
is Desmond Lynam for the BBC, 
but with little jokes time are 
actually fenny. His air of being 
unable to take it all quite 
seriously is very cheering. 

But be has been given the 
most boring of pood its. Terry 
Venables, always looks as if he 
has 23 watches op bis sleeve for 
a fiver a go, acts as if he were 
perpetually on the point of 
saying something extremely 
revealing, interesting and intelli- 
gent, but, for reasons we couldn't 
possibly understand, be mnst 
keep it to himself. 

The ITV panel tend to be 
rather foil of Ian St John. 1 keep 
wondering whether or not he is a 
Thunderbirds poppet I am quite 
sure that Kevin Keegan is. Brian 
Clough is, inevitably, ITVs star. 
Clough has tinned himself into 
the Malcolm Moggeridge of 
football: rider and wiser than 
ordinary people can possibly 
comprehend. He and Trevor 
Fronds, particularly in tandem, 
are the best of the studio 
pundits. Admittedly,- Mick 
Channon Is a little quicker off 
tbe mark than either. In feet, 

rhuHBw i thinks tn fiwt hh mind 

is just a blur. 

Toluca (AP) — Belgium is 
sending home Erwin 
Vandenbergh, their star for- 
ward, and Rene Vandereycken, 
the midfield veteran, for treat- 
ment of knee injuries. 

Both players were due to fly 
home yesterday. Leon Vlogaeru 
the team spokesman, said that 
Belgium would not ask the 
international ' football federa- 
tion. FIFA, for replacements. 

Vandenbergh and 

Vandereycken were part of the 
line-up of Guy Thys, the coach, 
in Belgium's 2-1 opening game 
defeat to Mexico. But they were 
not in the side that upset the 
Soviet Union 4-3 on Sunday to 

__ has had no forwards to 
sate tihn; Sdrea and Cabrini 
were getting old; De Napoli and 
Di Gennaro had only just begun 
to develop in midfield. Tbe 
capitulation against France was 
not unexpected. w YVe would not 
have woo if we had played for 
two days," an always realistic 
Bearzot said. 

I had not thought Italy would 
survive the first romxL, and I 
suppose it is inevitable mat 
some of the Italian Press are 
now trying Co cast him off to the 
abattoir, the fete of too o*ny 
international managers. 

Maybe be trill decide to 
become a general director, 
promoting his assistant, Cesan 
Maldini, the former full back, as 
frtflrh- Yesterday Bearzot hinted 
he may - step down: be was 
“seriously considering" an offer 
of an executive post from the 
national federation. 

I would not bet against Italy in 
1990, by when yotmg De Napoli 
should be in his prime. On 
Tuesday, they never came to 
terms with trying!© win the tell 
off the French in France's half of 
the field, something they have 
seldom been confronted with, 
and finding themselves reluctant 
to throw w wnff h men forward to 
create a midfield duel in what for 

them is the wrong half of tbe 

^Winning the World Cop does 
not make you safe from criti- 
cism. as AIT Ramsey discovered, 
but Ramsey's public relations 
could hardly hare been more 
strained even when he was 
winning. He was his own worst 
enemy, with not tbe first idea 
how to handle a P«*s con- 
ference. There are few who bare: 
Michels, of Hoi land, in 1974; 
mSS* in 1978; Brorrot. 
piontek. of Denmark, here m 
Mexico. He is a jouraaiist’sas 
well as a player's dream. The 
man’s relaxed, realistic adjust- 
ment to all the demands of his 
job is reflected in the wwldliness 
of his players. 

Regie's anxieties, for exam- 
ple. were mirrored in his play- 
ers, with Leeds and England. 
The tension has been sfanuany 
getting at Bobby Robson who 
tes prickled, like Ramsey, at the 
most harmless of questions from 
Innocent Mexican journalists. 
Football is no longer a place for 
gentle temperaments. David 
Pleat is oat here as a com- 
mentator, and already tbe load 
of responsibility at Tottenham is 
weighing upon him: and he has 
not even played a match. You 
wonder if be should ever have 
left Luton. 

The hungry expectation of 
self-advancing football directors 
sn eh as Martin Edwards, David 
Dein and Irving Scholar — who 
also is out here — is not making 
football the comparatively 
comfortable place it was when 
Matt Bnsby and Bill Nicholson 
ran their dubs rkdr way. 

Cramer v the outsiders 
who run the game 

qualify Belgium for the quarter- 
finals “ "■ 

ITV have gone for a rather 
boared Saint-and-Greavsie 
style tenter between com- 
mentators and smnmarizcrs. It 

You cannot accuse Emfyn 
Hughes of restraint- But any 
actor wOI tell you that a perfor- 
mance all on one note — in this 
case, frustrated passion — does 
not come off. And if a footer 
pundit is not a Irind of actor, Pd 
like to know what else he is. 

The presentation ou each 
channel has vast unsatisfactory 
areas. Both channels do such a 
good jab with most sports, it is 
surprising that they have not yet 
got the football quite right 
Perhaps in another 20 years 
they will have cracked it In the 
meantime, the football — the 
actual picture — remains 
compulsive viewing. Give me 
further excess of it 

• My stuff ted an attack of tbe 
horrors in transmission yes- 
terday. Clive Lloyd, of Guyana, 
somehow ended op a G han i an , 
and tbe loss of an S reduced all 
tbe countries in the West Indies 
to a single nation. Sony about 


is.of the World Cup for the 
first lime in. their history. 
Belgium will play in Puebla on 
Sunday a gainst the . winner of 
the knock-out match between 
Denmark and Spain. 

Vandenbergh. who scored 
Belgium's only goal against 
Mexico, injured cartilage in his 
right knee in that game and will 
continue medical treatment in 

Mexico City 

Someone particularly con- 
cerned at tbe direction football is 
turning is Dettmar Cramer, tbe 
forme' manager of Bayern Mu- 
nich in the mid-1970s and one of 
West .Germany's foremost 
coacbes whom some years ago I 
introduced, ' without any sub- 
sequent development, to 
Evertoa. “Too many derisions in 
the game, throughout the world, 
are being made, without football 
knowledge, - " he says. “The 
power of presidents, whether at 
dnb or national level, is becom- 
ing damaging. The game tes to 
be run by football people, other- 
wise the huge amoants of money 
which are now being generated 
are bring wasted." 

He believes that coaching has 
become incestuous, that coaches 
are being tangbt to coach other 

Belgium upon his return- His ^ tangnt to coacn otner 
injury exposed the lack of all-out rather than players, 

attacking forwards m Belgium s mtH the game becomes dogged 
22-man squad and the team, had — — •- — ■ — > -* : — -■ — » 

Simon Barnes 

no forward on tbe substitute 
bench against the Soviet Union. 
Vandereycken re injured his left 
knee during training last week. 


Second round 
(D) 0 Fan 


WOeony (0)1 taw* 

Matthaus 19®° 




with theory instead of instinct. 

“The problems we face are 
practical," be says. “We don't 
need psychologists to tell us 
about the anxie ti es of players, 
when we can see them for 
ourselves in the dressing room, if 
we look and if we know the 
game. Coaching is aliotat react- 
ing from day to day, the way 
France did by changing their 
marking to man-to-man against 
Russia, the way we had to at 
Bayern when we met the excep- 

tional Dutch and Belgian teams 
in the 1978s. 

“We as coaches have to take 
players as they are. not as we 
would like them to be. England 
improved against Poland when 
they found a better positional 
rela tionshi p between certain 
players. The coach must always 
react to what is happening on tbe 
field, not to his own ambitions. 
As Sepp Herberger {manager of 
the winning team in 1954 and 
creator of the national coaching 
school] always used to say: ‘The 
coach has to get back to tbe 
game.' That is more true now 
than ever." 

Cramer, wbo is an honorary 
adviser to tbe German Federa- 
tion. thinks that Beckenbaoer is 
doing as good a job as can be 
expected with the players avail- 

Beckenbauer’s strength, 
he considers, is that be manages 
the team by instinct, has tbe 
respect of the players because be 
is, still, a better player than most 
of them, and is quite un- 
concerned about the attitude of 
tbe Press. 

Germany having survived the 
uninhibited fouling of the useful 
Moroccans with a fete free lock, 
Beckenbauer now has the most 
unenviable job in the World 
Cup: pfenning die defeat of 
Mexico on Saturday. It is prob- 
able he win achieve it. 


Stepping stone 
before the 
real hostilities 

By Jim RaOton 

The Amateur Rowing Associ- 
ation has made 10 entries in the 
Ratzeburg international regatta 
this weekend, which rakes place 
as dose to the East German 
border as you can get from the 
West. This event will be 
regarded as a stepping stone 
btfore full hostilities are en- 
countered at the very top of the 
world ladder in Lucerne in Three 
weeks' time. The British men's 
heavyweight eight may also split 
into a coxed and coxless four. 
They are trebly entered on both 
days in West Germany, and will 
probably decide their course of 
action when it is dear what the 
strength of the opposition is_ 

The British eight bad the 
frustration of travelling to 
Mannbeim six weeks ago just to 
be in a Hungarian eight. There 
are nine eights entered at 
Ratzeburg, including tbe na- 
tional West German eight. 
Czechoslovakia, the The 
Netherlands, and Ireland's fast- 

est eight in the liveiy^of the 


Garda Siochana 

The British eight should take 
particular interest in the pres- 
ence of the Czechoslovakian 
eight They should regard en- 
counters with them as a revenge 
match. The Czechs in last year's 
world championships deprived 
Great Britain of a final place in 
the eights. The Czechs went on 
to finish last in the final, leaving 
the British with small consola- 
tion in winning the Petite 

The British women's eight 
race only on the Sunday and 
have one West German eight lo 
oppose them on the final day. 
"Hiey will compete as a coxed 
four and two coxless pairs each 
day. which is a very tough 
schedule by any standard, racing 
over 2,000 metres each time. 




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