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No 62,488 

FRIDAY JUNE 20 1986 

Top team to 
Tory future 

The Prime Minister yester- 
day looked forward to a third 
Conservative term of office by 
establishing an inner group of 
senior ministers charged with 
overseeing the preparation of 
the general election manifesto 
and drawing up policies to be 
followed by a Tory govern- 
ment into the next century. 

In a move which surprised 
Conservative MPs and some 
ministers because of its timing 
— the next election could still 
be two years away — Mrs 
Thatcher made dear her de- 
termination to ensure that a 
wider spectrum of party opin- 
ion is represented in the 
secretive process which 
formslhe manifesto. 

The fact that the exercise 
will be directed from No 10 is 
seen as underlining the Prime 
Minister's dominance in the 
exercise. She will be in charge 
from the group's first meeting, 
which is expected next week. 

Us members are Lord 
Whitelaw. the Deputy Prime 
Minister and leader of the 
Lords: Sir Geoffrey Howe. 
Foreign Secretary: Mr Nigel 
Lawson. Chancellor of the 
Exchequer Mr Douglas Hurd, 
Home Secretary: Mr Norman 
Tcbbiu pany chairman, and 
Mr John Wakeham. Govern- 
ment chief whip. 

Conspicuously not included 
is Mr John Biffen. the Com- 
mons leader, who incurred the 
Prime Minister's wrath by his 
suggestion that the Tories 
should enter the next election 
with a "balanced ticket" 

But the group's composi- 
tion was also being seen as a 
weakening of the influence of 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Mr TebbiL whom it had been 
expected would be in charge of 
the preliminary work on the 


Party sources said the aim 
of the group was to bring 
together ministers represent- 
ing the main departments of 
state and the party in the 
Lords. Commons and the 

Mrs Thatcher told the mem- 
bers of the group of her plans 
on Wednesday and an- 
nounced it to the Cabinet 
yesterday morning. 

The 1 983 election manifes- 
to was prepared by a much 
smaller group. Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, then Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, was in charge of 
the special team of policy 

Mrs Thatcher appears 
to be far from considering 
the possibilty of standing 
down early in a new 
parliament if she wins a 
third term. 

groups set up to provide the 
raw material for the draft He 
worked in close harmony with 
Mr Cedi Parkinson, then 
party chairman, and the Prime 

It was said yesterday that 
the group's main task would 
be to look at policy develop- 
ment into the 1990s. That was 
being taken as confirmation 
that the Prime Minister was 
far from considering the possi- 
bility of standing down early 
in a new parliament if she 
wins a third term. 

But it was also admitted 
that the exercise was all about 
winning the general election. 

and it is on the manifesto- 
preparing side of hs work that 
most attention will be focused. 

It was being said last night 
that the group’s formation 
should not be seen as marking 
the start of the next election 
campaign. But. although the 
Prime Minister has strongly 
hinted in recent weeks that she 
is prepared to go the full 
course into 1988. and that is 
now the expectation of many 
of her senior colleagues, it 
means that the policy-forming 
machinery will be in place for 
an earlier election if she so 

Sir Geoffrey's group was set 
up in the September of 1982, 
only nine months before the 
last election. 

The group has none of the 
big spending ministers on it. 
although it was pointed put 
that additional ministers can 
be called in as necessary. It is 
to operate outside the Govern- 
ment machine and be serviced 
entirely by the party's officials 
and resources. 

Mrs Thatcher was keen to 
get the group off the ground 
before the summer recess. The 
aim is to give herself the 
maximum room for manoeu- 
vre. with a detailed pro- 
gramme worked out after full 
consultation through the party 
and ready to be put into action 
the moment she decides the 
time is right to go to the polls 

Her initiative was wel- 
comed as an imaginative step 
by MPs representing all 
shades of opinion within the 




World Cup climax: 
Stuart Jones 
previews Sunday’s 
dash between 
England and 
Argentina in 
Mexico City 

— ^fold 

• Three readers 
shared yesterday’s 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition prize of 
£8,000 -double the 
usual amount as there 
was no winner the 
previous day. 

• They were Mr Sam 
Morris, of Edgware, 
north London; Dr R. 
Laurence-Luffingam, of 
Hull; and Miss 
Philippa Doveton, of 
Crouch End, London. 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today, 
and £12,000 
tomorrow — the daily 
£4,000 plus the 
weekly prize of £8,000. 

• Portfolio list, page 
22; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 16. 

Patients wait 

Patients with potentially life- 
threatening conditions' are 
having to wait weeks or 
months to sec a consultant 
surgeon, the Royal College of 
Surgeons said Page 5 

Kremlin drive 

The Kremlin began a sweep- 
ing drive against bribery and 
corruption including," the 
threat of labour camp inicm- 
mom lor those convicted of 
making a false income 
declaration Page 8 

Libya protest 

The Irish Republic has made a 
formal protest to Colonel 
Gadafii over reports that Lib- 
ya intends to renew financial 
support for the Provisional 
IRA Page 2 

Home News 2-5 















Births, death*. 


mama fit-. 


Sale Room 










Sport 25-30 

Theatres, eir 29 

Crosswords 10.16 

TV & Radio 









Law Report 




* ft ft ft ft 

‘Rule of law’ call 
in council reforms 

By Hugh Clayton, Local Government Correspondent 

canvassing, the committee of 
five declared. 

The rights of minority par- 
ties had to be protected with 
the help of new powers of 
council chief executives. 
"There have been Labour and 
Conservative councils which 
have excluded ail opposition 
The commitiee called for 
fundamental change in two 
areas of recent controversy. It 
wanted a new power for 
district auditors to be able to 
investigate and stop unlawful 
spending by councils before it 

In the recent cases at Lam- 
beth. sousih London, and 
Liverpool auditors were un- 
able to act until they were 
satisfied that money had actu- 
ally been Iosl 
The committee proposed 
cuts in attendance allowances 
to cuib what Mr Widdicombe 
called "clocking up unneces- 
sary meetings". 

The .Association of Metro- 
politan Authorities, which 
represent all the surviving big 
Labour inner city councils, 
said the report showed a lack 
of confidence in local 

The Conservative-led Asso- 
ciation of District Councils 
opposed the committee's sug- 
gested widening of local 
ombudsmen's powers. 

Reforms call, page 2 
Leading article, page 13 

Local government must be 
freed from a mesh of legal 
doubt that has led to abuses of 
power, the Widdicombe com- 
mittee into council behaviour 
said in its final report yester- 

“But we are under no 
illusion that it is possible to 
close every loophole." Mr 
David Widdicombe. QC. 
chairman of the committee, 

He rejected an assertion by 
Mr Nicholas Ridley. Secretary 
of Slate for the Environment, 
that the report was “radical in 

It was meant to use a vast 
array of reforms to spread to 
the wilder shores of local 
government the normality 
found elsewhere. "I do not 
think we see it as radical," Mr 
Widdicombe said. 

If brought into law the 
committee's ideas would 
change the face of local gov- 
ernment by altering the sizes 
of councils, their election 
timetables and the crucial and 
often tense relationships be- 
tween elected members and 
paid staff. 

“The rule of law needs to be 
reasserted, particularly in the 
areas where conventions have 
broken down " 

The top 1500 officers in the 
local government workforce 
should be excluded from polit- 
ical aciiviiy including even 


...... . • 

Mrs Rosemarie Marde- Riviere: reparation vindicated. 

Reagan in 
peace plea 

From Michael Binyon 

President Reagan, in an 
important speech at the site of 
the 1967 Summit . between 
President Johnston and the 
late Soviet Prime Minister 
.Alexei Kosygin, yesterday in- 
vited Mr Mikhail Gorbachov 
to join him in taking "action 
in the name of peace". 

In a markedly contfliatoTy 
address on relations tfith the 
Soviet Union to the Glassboro 
High School, lie saifi t 
Glassboro Summit ft&s not 
enough, the Geneva Summit 
was not enough, “talk alone, 
in short is not enough". 

"There can be no more 
important task before us than 
that of reducing nuclear weap- 
ons. I am committed — utterly 
committed — to pursuing 
every opportunity to discuss 
and explore ways to achieve 
real and verifiable arms 

Mr Reagan said the recent 
Soviet arms-controi proposals 
appeared to show that Mos- 
cow had begun to “make a 
serious effort". 

He said he had indicated to 
Mr Gorbachov his willingness 
for their representatives to 
meet to prepare the next 
Summit Washington has re- 
peatedly called on the Rus- 
sians to set a date for a 
Reagan-Gorbachov meeting 
here by the end of this year. 

The President said the ven- 
ue for the preparatory meeting 
— presumably between Mr 
George Shultz, the Secretary 
of State, and Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, the Soviet For- 
eign Minister — was unimpor- 
tant. What mattered was that 
it look place "in mutual 
earnestness so that we can 
make progress at the next 

Turning to relations be* 
tween the Soviet and Ameri- 
can peoples, he said: "Let us 
leave behind suspicion be- 
tween our peoples and replace 
it with understanding". 

Grade makes number two at BBC 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Mr Michael Grade has been 
promoted to director of pro- 
grammes. BBC Television, it 
« as an nounccd > esterday . The 
post is the second highest in 
the corporation's television 
hierarchy and covers both 

The decision was made after 
a meeting of the BBC Board of 
Governors in Cardiff Mr 
Grade, currently controller 
BBC I. will replace Mr Brian 
Wen ham next month . who is 
muting to BBC radio as 
managing director. 

Mr Grade, aged 43. began as 

a sports columnist, but moved 
into television in 1973 as head 
of entertainment and later 
director of programmes at 
London Weekend Television. 

He was appointed to his 
current post at BBC I nearly 
two years ago and is regarded 
as the highest-profile pro- 
grammer in British television. 

A nephew or television ty- 
coon Lord Grade, he has 
played an often controversial 
role since he joined the BBC. 

Mr Grade had no comment 
to make about his appoint- 
ment and a spokesman for the 
BBC said he wanted to get the 

feel of his new job. with 
responsibilities Tor pro- 
grammes on both networks, 
before* disclosing any changes. 

He has associated himself 
very closely with the BBCs 
anti-drugs campaign "Just Say 
No" and last July he admitted 
on Dniftwaich that he had 
uncc smoked cannabis. 

He is thought to be an avid 
campaigner to tone down 
v iotence on television 

I n 1 985. he accused Thames 
Television of “dirty tricks” 
after they snatched a new 
scries of the soap opera Dallas 
for £ I million 

£15,000 to 
who sued 

By Robin Young 

Mrs Rosemarie Marrie-Ri- 
viere, the wealthy Swiss-born 
socialite who sued Mr Taki 
Theodoracopnlos, the society 
columnist, for libel collapsed 
in the High Court yesterday 
after tensely waiting nearly 
five and. half hours to leant 
that she had won, and bees 
awarded £15,000 damages. 

She had claimed she 
had been branded as a “high 
dass tart" after refusing Mir 
' Theodoracopnlos admission to 
a tunch party to which, she 
insisted,, he had not been 

The decision that she had 
been libelled was reached , by 
an 11 to 1 majority, renlicton 
the twelfth day of a hearing 
that is estimated to have cost 
at least £150,000. Costs were 
awarded against the defen- 
dants, M r Theodoracopuhjs, 
the publishers of the magazi 
The Spectator, and its fora 
editor,. Mr Alexander 
Chancellor. . 

Mr Justice Often also 
granted an fojiroction banning 
Mr Theodoracopnlos . from 
writing anything of similar 
effect again. ' 

An hour earlier the jury had 
reached a unanimous decision 
to dismiss a counter-claim by 
Mr Theodoracopnlos claiming 
libel in an interview given by 
Mrs Marcie-Riviere to 
Women ’j Wear Duly. 

In a prepared written state- 
ment, issued by her lawyers 
after the verdict, Mrs Marcie- 
Riviere said: *Ti is .a great 
relief to both of ns to have my 
good reputation vindicated by 
a British jury." ' 

Mr Theodoracopnlos had 
accused Mrs Marae-Ririere 
of setting a trap by inviting 
him to the lunch so that she 
could hnmiliate him by throw- 
ing him out "like a dog" in 
front of her guests. 

The court braid that Mrs 
Marcie-Riviere felt 
“destroyed" by the article 
written after the iench 

Discretion in defeat page 3 
Wonderland malice, page 12 

Mr Theodoracopnlos: 
the loser. 

talks on arrests 

• South African businessmen asked for an argent 
meeting with the Minister of Law and Order to voice 
concern over arrests of union leaders. 

• Right-wing Conservative backbenchers told hits 
Thatcher they would not pot tip .with any sanctions or 
measures against South Africa. 

• A defiant US Administration reiterated its strong 

opposition to sanctions after the House voted to sever 
all economic ties with Pretoria. Page7. 

From Michael Hornsby. Johannesburg 

South African business 
leaders have asked for an 
urgent meeting with the Min- 
ister of Law and Order. Mr 
Louis Le Grange, to express 
concern about the arrests of 
trade union leaders under the 
emergency regulations in force 
since June 12. 

Businessmen said that the 
detentions were destroying the 
labour relations practices and 
negotiating structures painful- 
ly built up since legislation 
was passed seven years ago 
allowing black trade unions to 

Since last Friday a rash of 
strikes has hit an estimated 40 
outlets of most of South 
: Africa’s biggest supermarket ' 
chains. A number of officials 
of the Commercial. Catering 
and Allied Workers Union, to 
which many blacks in the 
retail industry belong, are 
known to be in detention. 
Others arc believed to be in 

The Government has re- 
fused to give the identity or 
the number of people being 
hold -under the emergency , and 
it is an offence to name 
detainees without clearance by 
the authorities. ; 

In Pretoria the head of the 
Government's Bureau. for In- ■ 
formation. Mr David Stew- 
ard. refused to comment on 
estimates that as many as 
3.000 people may have, been- 
detained since the emergency 
was imposed. . . 

in his daily briefing. Mr 
Steward reported -that three 
more blacks were killed in 

“unrest" incidents in the 24 
hours to 6.00 am yesterday, 
bringing to 48 the total unrest 
deaths officially reported since 
the emergency came into 
force. This.figurclncludcs two 
white women and one Indian 
woman killed by the Durban 
car bomb. 

According to Mr Steward's 
version, two of the dead were 
the result of "black against 
black" \iolchcc. He said a 
third body, which could have 
been ihat'of a white but was 
too badly burned to be clearly 
recognized- had also been 
discovered. He denied a re- 

Parliament 4 

Reagan defiant 7 

Newspapers boom. 7. 

port in yesterday's Guardian 
that three children were killed 
and '30 injured in the black 
township .of Zwidc near Port 
Elizabeth, on Monday. 

In Cape Town. Mr R.Fr 
"Pik" Botha said that a bill 
passed by the American 
House of Representatives, 
which would - impose far- 
reaching economic sanctions 
on South Africa, would "de- 
privc millions of black people 
of their incomes". 

The bill, which has still to 
be considered by the Ameri- 
can Senate, calls for a with- 
drawal - of all American 
investments from South Afri- 
ca within 180 days, lhe-scvcr- 
ahcc of all trade ties, arid the. 
cancellation.of landing jights 
of South African Airways. 

over sanctions 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 

The right wing of the Con- 
servative Party told the Prime 
Minister last night that . it 
could not accept the imposi- 
tion of any economic sanc- 
tions or measures against 
'South Africa, and urged her to 
enter into direct talks with the 
Pretoria regime. 

But with Mrs Thatcher hav- 
ing told the Commons only 
hours earlier that the EEC 
heads of government meeting 
in The Hague next Thursday 
would “decide what further 
measures to take", a clash 
with up to 80 Conservative 
backbenchers seems 

While The Hague meeting 
represents the next step in 
formulating international ac- 

tion against the Botha govern- 
ment. and agreement on a 
final package of measures is 
unlikely before the parliamen- 
tary summer recess, there is 
now acceptance in Whitehall 
that Britain will agree to new 

At a 90-minute Cabinet 
meeting yesterday ministers 
were briefed on the latest 
position but reached no firm 
conclusions. They meet again 
on Wednesday before Mrs 
Thatcher departs for The 

During angry exchanges at 
Question Time in the Com- 
mons. Mr Neil Kinnock said 
that the Prime Minister's veto 
on sanctions amounted to 

Continued on pagetf, col 7 

bills up 
for home 

By Teresa Poole 

British Telecommunications 
will, ibis year have to cut 
overall charges for telephone 
.tine rentals and inland rails. 

But. domestic users could 
face increased telephone bills 
because the price reductions 
will be concentrated on long- 
distance falls which mostly 
benefits businesses users. 

Sir George Jefferson, 
Telecom's chairman, said yes- 
terday that the cost to the 
average domestic user would 
not ,ri$e by more than the rate 
of inflation when charges are 
increased in November. 

He was speaking after an- 
nouncing a 19 per cent in- 
crease in profits to £1.81 
bilfion for the year to the end 
of March. Telecom's shares 
gained 2p to 234p, compared 
to a price at privatization of 

. The corporation's charges 
for intend dialled calls and line 
rentals are regulated by a 
pricing formula agreed at the 
time of privatization. This 
allows an overall maximum 
increase for a basket of 
charges of 3 per cent less than 
the rate of inflation. 

As the inflation rate has 
now dropped below 3 per cent, 
this -will mean an overall 

Because of increased compe- 
tition from the rival Mercury 
senrice, Telecom is cutting the 
cost of long-d istance calls. 

This gives it scope to push 
up prices on local calls, which 
it says;have been subsidized in 
the past, without breaching 
the pricing formula. Last year, 
the average domestic customer 
saw aprice rise of 7 per cent. 

Sir Gyorge raid yesterday 
that by the end of 1988 the 
entire, trank network and the 
local exchanges in all the. big 
cities- wopld have new digital 

A digital system improves 
the sound quality, means fast- 
er dialling, and enables cus- 
tomers to use a variety of 
services, such as call forward- 
ing and the barring of incom- 
ingcalls. . 

. Last year's profits were 
struck after setting aside £18 
million which will be distribut- 
ed to most of the company's 
230.000 employees through a 
profit sharing scheme. Eligible 
staff members will each re- 
ceive between £60 and £200. 

Job losses over the year 
totalled 5,000 

Details, page 17 
Tempos, page 19 

■ ii i 

i 1 

i ii 


India 235-8 

India, who put on 64 for the 
first wicket, slid to 235 for 
eight on the first day of the 
second Test against England 
at Headingley. Dilip 
Vengsarkar made 61 and 
Derek Pringle look three for 
40 John Woodock, Page 30 

fear in 
Cup clash 

From John Carlin 
Mexico City 

Both the British and Argen- 
tine ambassadors lo Mexico 
have called on the Mexican 
police to take special measures 
to prevent violence at 
Sunday's England — Argenti- 
na World Cup quarter final 
match, which newspapers here 
have already dubbed The 
War of the Falklands. . 

Aware that ugly incidents 
either on or off the-field could 
set back efforts to normalize 
relations between the two 
nations, the ambassadors said 
that, equally, a sporting con- 
test could have a positive 
infl uence on future talks. 

' However, both Senor 
Facundo Su&rez. the Argen- 
tine Ambassador, and Mr 
John Morgan, his British 
counterpart fear that taunts 
and other provocation from 
either group of fens could lead 
to violence. 

•At all the Argentine games 
so far, banners with favourite 
war-time slogans have been 
prominent. TV dash, page 2 
World Cup, page 28 

Coluche dead 
in motorcycle 

Paris — Coluche. France's 
best-known comedian and 
originator of last winter's 
highly successful!, free "Res- 
taurants du Coeur" for the 
poor, was killed when a mo- 
torcycle he was riding crashed 
into’ a lorry at Oppio. near 
Grasse, in the south of France 
(Diana Gcddcs writes). He 
was 4 1 years old. 

President Mitterrand ex- 
pressed shock and sorrow at 
the news of the death of the 
colourful comedian. 

Rugby votes to keep the co-eds out 

By Craig Seton 

Tom Brown's sister may- 
have to bite her tongue for 
another century. Yesterday 
the governors of ’Rugby School 
turned down the opportunity of 
becoming the first of Britain's 
rap public schools folly to open 
its doors to girls. 

Yet the matter was treated 
with appropriate decorum. Mr 
Richard BnlL Rugby's head- 
master. was thought to have 
favoured the proposal to admit 
girls from the age of 13 to the 
£1.700 a (erra school. Bat 
yesterday he admitted only to 
a "tinge of disappointment" 

that the scheme had been 
rejected at the three-hour 
governors* meeting. 

Not that the head would 
concede to having a vested 
interest, even though his fotir 
daughters were educated at the 
co-edutational Oakham. 
School in Leicestershire, of 
which he was formerly 

But the governors, and a 
small majority of his reaching 
staff, in the most genlemanly 
way. did not concur with, the 
lessons of his experience. . 

Rugby School, founded in 
1567 and renowned - as the 

scene ofTom Brown's roasting 
and the birthplace of rugby 
football, does .have 71 girl 
pupils among the 700 boys 
but like Westminster and 
Charterhouse, only in its sixth 

The creme de la creme of 
Britain’s public schools, in- 
cluding Eton. Harrow and 
Winchester, remains exclu- 
sively 1 male. with those rare 
exceptions where master's 
daughters are admitted to a 
particular hallowed sanctum 
to.. study for an Oxbridge 

Only about due quarter of - 

the 200 schools belonging to 
the Headmasters Conference 
are co-edncationaL despite the 
fact that the mixed 
Gordon astoun has been fa- 
voured by the Royal Family. 

After yesterday's decision 
Mr Bull who was educated at 
Rugby, came up with a state- 
ment of masterly equivocation: 
"I like co-education, hot I do 
not believe all schools should 
be co-edocationai." 

The school's governors had 
been concerned that the plan 
to admit up to 250: girls could 
have cost about £500,000 in 
new accommodation. 

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• r; . ;■ 



Reforms call aimed at 
influence of party 
politics within councils 

_ The control of local authori- 
. 1 lies by the main political 
:;.r Parties has led the 
Widdicombe Committee to 
■ " recommend sweeping changes 
«... in the way councils are run. 

The aim is to strengthen 
focal democracy, taking ac- 
’*■ V count of the intensification in 
*1‘. party politics, the committee 
./ -.Jsaid. The best practices found 
Lon some councils should also 
“ be brought in nationwide. 

. .. The five-member inquiry, 
■f" headed by Mr David 
^Widdicombe, found there 
'*/ were big differences in the 
.running of councils ihrough- 
put Britain, and emphasized 
that in spite of the changes it 
*!. wanted, the present system 
. had many strengths. 

T " The committee's unani- 
^ mous 314-page repor dis- 
;; closed there had been abuses 
L :! ;/n some councils because the 
* ' present law did not take 
‘/account of party politics. It 
/ , ' also found that most electors 
. ' did not like this growing 

* At worst politics was a 
. . malign influence which led to 
; a dividing of the spoils by a 
..particular party, but more 
‘ Commonly they created teit- 
.'sions and uncertainties about 
.7 .‘ . the legal framework of local 

' To give minority parties 
1 more rights, the report urged 
* the adoption of parUamenta- 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

Election curb 
on senior staff 

One of Widdiewne’s 88 
recommendations is that local 
authority employees at the 
rank of principal officer and 
above should be barred from 
seeking election in neigh- 
bouring authorities (Mark 
Dowd writes). 

If that proposal reaches the 
statute book, it is likely to 
disappoint those who had 
sought to restrict the opportu- 
nities for political appoint- 
ments by insisting on a Inn on 
all authority employees, irre- 
spective of rank, from pursu- 
ing political careers in 
adjacent con mil areas. 

Greater openness about par- 
ty political groups and their 
discussions would ensure that 
unnecessary suspicions were 
avoided. Party groups should 
not meet in a hole-and-corner 
atmosphere, it said. 

A law should be brought in 
requiring councillors to regis- 
ter all their interests which 
could affect their conduct or 
influence their actions. A 
councillor who declares an 
interest in a discussion must 
withdraw from the room. 

The report wanted the pub- 
lic and press to have the right 
to attend meetings and see 
documents only where the 
committees could take deci- 
sions on behalf of the council. 

The present law, it said, did 
not allow committees to dele- 

A?, it. r 

Press officers, chief Ubrari- gate functions to their dtair 

ans, chief environmental 
health officers and trading 

men or to 
councillors. It 

should be 

standards officers are exam- changed to allow urgent deci- 
ples of posts at the higher sion s to be delegated, subject 

levels m local authorities. 

There are about 70,000 
principal officers constituting 
3 per cent of the focal author- 
ity workforce. Their starting 
salary is about £11,280 a year. 

Unless legislation is made 
retrospective, it is unlikely 

to the agreement of the chief 

The inquiry examined the 
role of chief executives and 
urged them to be given legal 
powers to make sure council 
business was conducted fairly. 
Its recommendations would 

// v 

Strikes or- 
Stone Age 

offer for 

games m 


Mr John Gaines, who is selling “The Education of Achilles" by Delacroix (above left) and 
the rare Weimar sheet by Leonardo da Vied in the autumn. 

that people occupying prinri- also increase the powers of the 
pal posts in one authority * n< t Ombudsman and the Audit 

Rare Leonardo to be sold 

' ; 17-style question times and 
,J discussions of business chosen 

elected office in an adjacent 
council wiD be forced choose 
between political careers' and 
their jobs. 

discussions of business chosen 
, by minority councillors. 

;■ ‘ Committees, which could 
: " take decisions on behalf of the 
‘ whole council, should reflect 
the political make-up of the 
whole council, it said. It also 
'./.wanted a change in standing 
brders to require the public 
' '.gallery to be cleared in the 
. event of any disturbance. 

* * The report stated: “We have 
been concerned to hear of 
L 'disturbances at meetings of 
councils, especially in some 
. London boroughs, and in 
some cases this appears to 
T ;.have amounted to 
- ; intimidation. 

\ ’ “It is important that there 
‘ should be no suspicion of 
'/'connivance by the chair in 
Such disturbances and accord- 

ingly that there should be a 


After looking at the various 
ways of electing councillors it 
came out in favour of whole 
councils being re-elected every 
four years. The difference in 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

duty on the chairman to bring sire between councils led the 

them to a halt.” 

It came out against co- 

mquiry to urge a review. 

It called for a more even 

opting non-councillors on to system of allowances paid to 
committees and especially ranging between 

against such advisers having *1.5000 to £4,000, depending 

the right to vote. A further on the size of the council 

review was needed, it added. The report described the 

of role of teachers on educa- state of local government and 

tion committees. found that the traditional 

i n n«-r u- — image of a councillor as 

middle-aged, while 

acceptance of the national rhano : n «, RlI . * e 

changing. But 81 per cent of 
code of local government, the ( Mi,ni.iiinn u»>n> «»;u «nai» mw 

cuuc oi io«j government, me wre male and 

report said only 4 ^ cenl were 

The code should also make unemployed 

A collection of Old Master 
drawings owned by a Kentucky 
horse breeder is expected to 
create a sensation when it Is 
offered for sale by Sotheby's in 
the autumn. 

John Ryan Gaines, whose 
forthcoming sale was an- 
nounced yesterday, set himself 
the task of “encompassing the 
whole history of Western art" 
when he began baying 
drawings in 1972. His acqui- 
sitions rehearse the most fam- 
ous names in four centuries of 
European painting and are 
valued at about £10 million. 

They start with one of the 

two Last drawings by Leonardo 
left in private hands, the 
Weimar sheet ofa “Child with 
Iamb" move on to two figure 
studies by Raphael, and 
Carpaccio's “Senaons of St 
Martin", before moving into 
the High Renaissance with 
Parmi gianin o's “Virgin and 

The collection cuts a swathe 
through the following centu- 
ries with drawings by 
Carracci, Veronese, Canaletto 
and Tiepolo, 

There are four drawings by 
Rembrandt, including both a 
figure subject, “The beheading 

of St John tiie Baptist", and a 

There are two landscapes by' 
Claude and a delightfully 
fresh Watteau sheet of “Three 
studies of a child's head". 

The nineteenth century 
leads off with Delacroix and 
Ingres, acknowledges the real- 
ist movement with Millet and 
Danmier, before celebrating 
the Impressionist genius of 
Degas and Turner. 

Forming the collection was 
“not only an aesthetic experi- 
ence. but an educational 
experience", Mr Gaines, aged 
57, said yesterday. 

The hole or the strike weap- 
on in industrial relations 
should be reassessed, the Insti- 
tute of Directors said yes- 
terday, .. 

Mr Graham Mather, head 
.of the policy unit, said: “The 
weapons of the strike, and the 
picker belong, to air industrial 
Stone "Age which Britain is 
quickly leaving behind.” 

He said: “Physically to 
stand at a plant approach, 
dwarfed by modem container 
lorries, accompanied by tradi- 
tional placards and braziers, is 
today either a meaningless 
gesture or a cover for the use 
or threat of intimidation and 
violence.” ' 

■ However, he admitted that 
strikes may at one time have 
brought a useful or even 
necessary flexibility to em- 
ployment relationships. * 
r “But the time has conic 
seriously to iexamine whether 
we expect' the strike weapon to 
survive, to any significant 
extent, the changing patterns 
of the real economy and of 
new employment relation- 

He said that workers should 
be entitled to a regular update 
in the terms and conditions of 
work. It was remarkable that 
for millions of workers their 
contract of employment was 
“a shadowy document, fre- 
quently long. out of date". 

He said that was .surprising 
“at a time when progressive 
employers wish to encourage 
flexible . working '■ patterns, 
fixed-terra contracts, perfor- 
mance-related pay and work- 
ing hours and arrangements 
that meet individual needs". 

He called on union leaders 
to refashion their organiza- 
tions for the new British 

“Whilst statute will contin- 
ue to provide a framework for 
the agreements, frequently in- 
dividually negotiated, which 
will govern these employment 
relationships, they will more 
than ever "before reflect indi- 
vidual choice/’ 

Directors of the Common- 

Life sentence 

Leonard Grange, aged 54. a 

former caretaker at Glaston- 
bury Primary School Mor- 
den. south London, was jailed 
for life- by die Central Crimi- 
nal Court yesterday for mur- 
dering Sarah Morns, aged 
nine. The judge recommended 
that he should serve at least 20 

Name cleared 

Mr Manyn Lodge, aged 30. 
a former police sergeant, of 
Cockerell ■ Close.' Merley. 
Wimborne. Dorset., who lost 
his career and his wife because 
of a shoplifting - conviction, 
was cleared in the Court of 
Appeal in London yesterday. 

Double fine 

Lome Thvssen, aged .23. of 
west Kensington. London, 
was fined £150 by Bow Street 
magistrates yesterday for 
drink driving for the second 
day jn succession and was 
banned from driving Tor a 
year. On Wednesday he. was 
fined by Marlborough Street 

VDU award 

clear that councillors must act , 

within the law and that sec- The Conduct cf Local Authority 

tional loyalties, as well as 
private gain, could create con- 
flicts with their public duty. L> 

Business (Stationery 

Leading article, page 13 

Tories councillors Challenge 

TV’s own 
goals in 

RUC inquiry 

Stalker report status doubt 

Miss Lesley Bradley, aged 
32.. a secretary*- of Buraage. 
Manchester, who lost her job 
after refusing to work on VDU 
machines because she feared 
radiation could affect - her 
chances of getting pregnant, 
was awarded £S,27 1 compen- 
sation by an industrial tribu- 
nal vesterday. 

may back strike 

By Nicholas Beeston 

on ‘absent’ 
GLC cash 

By Alan Hamilton 

Television viewers -who do 
not find themselves turned on 

The status of the report by 
Mr John Stalker into allega- 
tions that the RUC operated a 
shpol-to-kin policy- was at the 

by World Cup football in spite fflejBfMtffdf a dispute 
of England's new-found spar- Wwwi governments, the po- 

■•-•The dismissal of a right- feel the manner in which he| 
•tying librarian by a Labour- has been dismissed is out- 1 

‘controlled borough could lead 
■to a strike supported by 
' Conservative councillors. 

Lewisham Borough Council 
'in south London last week 
dismissed Mr Malcom Skeggs, 
_aged 45, for being a racist 
when it became known that he 
had run four times as a 
National Front candidate be- 
tween 1970 and 1979. 

Mr Skeggs. a member of the 
- -British National .Party, 
worked as a librarian for 24 
years at the Lewisham library, 
but was dismissed immediate- 
ly with three months’ salary. 

Mr Skeggs's union. Nupe. 
and three of the four other 
unions represented at Lewi- 
sham town hall have threat- 
ened to lake industrial action 
unless he is reinstated. Only 
dNalgo has said it welcomed 
the dismissal. 

•. A spokesman for Nupe said: 
"Wc detest his views, but we 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

rageous . 

The Conservative opposi- 
tion is backing the strike call 
as long as it is confined to the 
town hall 

The use of some of the 
“absent millions" signed away 
in the last hours of the Greater 
London Council is to be 

Mr David Green, .he Con- ftST" AjSSi ■’SJ? 

servative group leader, said: 
“Council officials have 
warned that Mr Skeggs will 
almost certainly be reinstated 
if the matter is taken to the 
industrial tribunal and that he 
would probably be offered up 
to £20.000 compensation". 

Mr Skeggs said: "Mr case is 
in the hands of the union, all 1 
want is my job back." He 
declined to comment on the 
allegations that he was a racist 

But a spokesman for the 
council said Mr Skeggs's “rac- 
ist views" were incompatible 
with good race relations in the 

The council and Nupe are 
meeting next week. 

London Residuary Body, 
which will bring the case, said 
yesterday that it would go to 
coun over only £45 million of 
the £78 million involved. 

hie, face the danger of a 
repetition on Sunday of the 
disaster on Wednesday night 
when both BBC 1 and JTV 
broadcast simultaneously the 
England game against Para- 
guay. 1 

Yesterday the BBC declined 
a suggestion from the IBA that 
the two channels should toss a 
coin to decide who shoold 
transmit Sunday night's vital 
match between England and 
Argentina. An ITV spokes- 
man claimed that by screening 

lice aiid . the . Northern Ire- 

By Richard Ford 

Mr Stalker to the RUCs chief Mr Stalker, removed from 
constable last September was heading the inquiry days be- 
a final one. - - - - - -fore he was due to return to 

Government spokesmen in the province, marked the doc- 
Belfast and- Dublin confirmed ument he sem- to Sir John 
that that was so only hours Hcrmon /interim report", 
after the RUC heard it was . 

Island award 

land’s Director, of : Public, interim. It is understood that 
Prosecutions. Sir Baity Shaw, the DPP, also 

MrStalker was appointed to 
head the investigation, which 

added mystery to a contra ver- " incomplete. 

sy that is deeply troubling the 
British and Irish governments 
and causing concern through- 
out the RUC at a time when it 
is facing renewed “loyalist" 
violence on the streets. 

The governments of Britain 
and the Irish Republic insist 
that the report submitted by 

Last night the conflict be- 
tween the two governments 
and the RUC and DPP re- 
mained unresolved with a 
Northern Ireland Office 
spokesman expressing sur- 
prise that the report was 
considered interim. 

However, ti is understood 

constable, on May 24. 1984. 

Until Sir, Bany and his 
officials receive the final re- 
port of the investigation now 
being carried out by Mr Colin 
Sampson, the DPP will be 
unable to take any decision on 
whether prosecutions should 
be initialed against RUC offi- 
cers and others. 

MPs’ TV call 

A group of MPs of all 
parties launched a campaign 
yesterday for the televising of 
Commons' select committees. 
•A Commons vote in Novem- 
ber ruled out any hope of 
cameras entering the chamber 
during this Parliament. 

The money is at the heart of I **?”?“* y 

Lords rule on forged 
drug prescriptions 

Chemists who dispense con- 
trolled drugs on forged pre- 
scriptions are liable to pros- 
ecution for unlawful supplying 
even if they are unaware of the 
forgery, the House of Lords 
ruled yesterday. 

The Law Lords unanimous- 
ly dismissed an appeal by 
Storkwain Ltd, a London 
pharmacy company, against 
the rejection by two judges in 
the High Court of their claim 
that chemists were not guilty 
of an offence unless it was 
shown that they had dispensed 
a controlled drug knowing 
that a forgery had taken place. 

Siorkwain's appeal was the 

final round in a legal battle 
which started in February, 
1984 when the Pharmaceuti- 
cal Society of Great Britain 

the argument about whether 
the expiring GLC had the right 
to award itself any sort of“Ufe 
after death". 

The remaining £33 million 
will be left with the London 
borough councils to which the 
GLC sent it before being 
abolished at the end of March. 

The residuary body, which 
was created to wind up the 
GLCs affairs, said yesterday 
that it might have been able to 
recover the £33 million. But 
action to win it back from the 
boroughs would disrupt con- 
tracts already under way. 

All of the £78 million, which 
was signed away in the final 
working hours of the GLC on 
the Thursday before Easter, 
was destined to renovate and 
improve council homes it 
transferred to the boroughs 
years ago. 

The residuary body said 

brought charges against it of v --dav h*i ir hS EZ 

stats I V s.« E* 55 

in Edcware Road. Pndriine- 

ton. on forecd orescrimionV ?. lgnm & of the £45 m, ‘“ 
ThJ ISEL bon on which contract work m 

The charges were dismissed 
by- the magistrates' court, but 
the court was directed later by 
the judges to convict the 

Lord Goff of Chieveley and 
four other Law Lords yester- 
day upheld that decision and 
dismissed Siorkwain's appeal. 

Law Report, page 21 

the boroughs has not begun. 

Two questions will have to 
be decided in court: 

• Had the GLC the right to 
hand over money to a third 
party to make sure (hat it did 
not fall into the hands of the 
residuary body at the moment 
when the council was abol- 
i ‘shed at the end of March? 

After a long meeting it's good 
to see you relaxing. 

• Had the council the right to 
earmark the money for work 
in only 14 of the 32 London 
boroughs instead of all of 

had broken a gentleman's 
agreement madeJast January 
to share World Cop coverage. 

Representatives of the two 
sides will meet today to dis- 
cuss who should transmit Sun- 
day night's game, but neither 
is likely to give up willingly the 
chance to capture a large 
audience. Both channels re- 
ceive identical pictures from 
Mexican television, and the 
differences are only in the 
commentaries and the intermi- 
nable post-mortems. 

The IBA said in a statement 
yesterday that Wednesday’s 
simultaneous transmission 
was “against the public inter- 
est and contrary to the spirit of 
the understanding between the 
UK broadcasters which the 
BBC had previously accep- 
ted". Regretting that its offer 
to toss a coin had been 
rejected, the IBA said it would 
continue to seek agreement 

The BBC won the toss to 
screen England’s first-round 
matches against Poland and 
Portugal while the IBA 
showed the Morocco game. 

According to ITV the agree- 
ment was that they, the losers, 
should then screen exclusively 
the second round qualifying 
game, but the BBC denied any 
agreement and transmitted 
the Paraguay match as well. 

Unofficially, the BBC indi- 
cated that it had every inten- 
tion of screening Sunday 
night's Argentina match, 
whatever ITV did. One thing 
is certain, whether England is 
in it to not both channels 
intend to screen the final. 
World Cup reports, pages 28 
and 30. 

Dublin rebuke for Gadaffi Druids banned 

The Irish Republic yester- 
day formally protested to 
Colonel Gadaffi over reports 
that Libya intends renewing 
financial support to the Provi- 
sional IRA. 

By Richard Ford 
such moves would be consid- 

A teenager allegedly told 

ered unfriendly by the coali- the police that he was both 
lion Government led by Dr "sick and glad" on hearing 

Garret FitzGerald. 

that nine RUC officers had 

The Secular Order of Dru- 
ids failed yesterday in an 
eleven ih-hour plea in the 
Court of Appeal (o be allowed 
to celebrate the summer sol- 
stice at Stonehenge tomorrow. 

• Mr Earn on Kennedy, the 
republic's ambassador in 
Rome, who delivered the re- 
buke at the Libyan People's 
Bureau, has been ordered by 
Dublin to make an urgent visit 
to Tripoli to outline the death, 
terror and suffering caused by 
the terrorists throughout Ire- 

He will demand assurances 
from Colonel Gadaffi that his 
Government will not encour- 
age the Provisionals or have 
contacts with them because 

Mr Peter Barry, the Irish teen killed in a mortar attack. 
Minister for Foreign Affairs, Belfast Crown Court was told 

said that any government yesterday. 

supporting the activities of the Lawrence Peter Paul 

Provisionals was behaving in O'Keefe, aged 18. of Mona- 

an unfriendly manner. ': 

He had made that clear to 
Libya in the past and he 
emphasized that the Irish 
Government rejected at- 
tempts to promote political 
objectives by violence or the 
threat of violence. . , 

The Provisionals' political 
wing. Provisional Sinn Fein, 
has denied being financed 
from Libya. 

ghan Row. Newry. is alleged 
to have teen a lookout during 
the attack on Newry RUC 
Station on February 28 last- 

Mr O'Keefe, and another 
Newry man. Paul Maguire.' 
aged 22. of Barcroft Park, are 
accused of murdering the nine 
officers and causing the 
explosion. . 

The trial was adjourned. 


A headline and reporr in some 
editions yesterday should have 
made clear that the numbers of 
blacks and whites in prison- were 
expressed as proportions of their 
numbers. in Che population as a 
»hofe. ' 

NUM urged to sue for 
peace with rebels 

Leaders - of the' National 
Union of Mineworkers were 
urged yesterday by union dele- 
gates to give the highest 

priority to making peace with 
the rebel Union of-Deraocrauc 

Reunification with the 
breakaway' Nottinghamshire 
men was an essential factor in 
protecting the owl industry, 
avoiding a serious split within 
the TUC and decline a La- 

annual conference' in Perth, 
called “on those who have left 
the union to return to the fold 
for .their own benefit and for 
the wellbeing of all miners and 
their families". 

The resolution was the sec- 
ond olive branch to be offered 
to the UDM in two days. On 
Wednesday. Mr Mick Mc- 
Gahcy. the NUM vice-presi- 
dent. said he would leave “no 



the TUC and deciing a U- t stone unturned" in an attempt 
bour government. Scottish t 0 reunite the mining unions. 

miners were told. 

Miners' delegates, at their 



Looking fora conference that's right toa tee. 
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well show you orer 120 ways to give it extra drive. 
Hold ft at the Belfry Headquarters of the RGA 
where Europe beat the USA in the Ryder Cup. 
Theres theatre style seating and banqueting for 
r°4 a « a state room at Haqley Hall 

for 180. Alter hours there's a thriving theotidand 
and beautiful countryside from the Cotswolds ID 
Severn Gorge. 

Probably you’re less than a couple of hours 
awgy ty motorway or Inter Gfy or even by jet direct 
from 20 countries. Ring 021 -780 4321 or fill in the 
coupon and really dart meeting. 

Please send me a copy of the 85/86 I 
Birm'mg ham Conference and Travel Manual 
I Name : I 

Vster Boimu. 

BnMTuder'f House, t S(. Bnnnghtoi B1 JED - 

from 20 countries. Ring 021-780 4321 or fill in the | VP The BU 7 Heart Of England. \ 
coupon and really dart meeting. J ^ | 


Yesterday, Mr George Bol- 
ton. the Scottish miners', vice- 
president. said the creation of 
the UDM had led the way to 
attacks on pension schemes, 
the conciliation process and 
pay rises. 

Mass defections from the 
UDM would not be achieved 
“bv telling them they can 
come back in if they get down 
on tended knees. We will only 
create the conditions for get- 
ting them back if we argue that 
it is in their interests and ours 
to do so. 

Mr Willie Oark. Scottish 
miners' executive member. ’ 
issued a. warning that a future 
Labour government would 
collapse if it tried to introduce 
an incomes policy. 

The conference voted to 
maintain opposition to any 
incomes policy and called for 
“substantial" increases at the- 
ne.\i round of pay talks. 


*V -V- ; -T '"'C_ - ■ 

wealth Games, which opens in 
Edinburgh in' five weeks. -were 
Iasi night considering art offer 
by Mr Robert Maxwell the 
newspaper publisher, to avoid 
a : cash crisis (Ronald Faux 

■ '■ The games were heading for 
a possible' shortfall of 
£1.5 million although Mr 
Maxwell's financial advisers 
put this at closer to £5 million. 

' The news came after two 
da vs of talks ■ in London. 
Under the agreement it is 
understood Mr Maxwell hod 
agreed to underwrite any 
losses on the games. 

Fa if Isle., siluaied-hetwecn 
Orkney and Shetland, wns 
presented with the Council of 
Europe diploma in Edinburgh 
yesterday in recognition of its 
scenic Beauty, cultural tradi- 
tions', and for being a key- 
staging post for migratory 
birds: . . . : . 

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- Patients with 
(ire-threatening conditions 
were, having to. writ weeks or 
even months to see a consul- 
tant SDrgeon. the Royal Col- 
lege of Surgeons said yes- 

That took ho account of the 
fact' that there was a waiting 
list, of 500.000 for suigery. 

“It must be unacceptable 
that ah elderly man. with 
urinary symptoms has to wan 
17 weeks. -in the worst dis- 
tricts, to discover whether he 
has a cancerous or benign 
condition, while even in the 
better provided districts he 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 
potentially picture for non-uigent cases . With the wait for an opera- 
was much more worrying, the 


Half the 1 J00 surgeons who 
replied to thesiirvey said that 
the wailing .time for non- 
urgent appointments was on 
average five weeks or. more, 
but a quarter said foot the wait 
was more than ten weeks, and 
for 6 per cent the wait for a 
first hospital appointment was 
six-months dr more. 

Sir Geoffrey Slaney, presi- 
dent of the royal college, said 
that delays mattered because 
patients with symptoms sug- 
gesting fairly routine condi- 

still has to wait'll, weeks'*, the ; tions. such as a gall Madder 

college said in, a survey of 
waiting times for out-patient 
appointments- . 

Cases cfearly classified as 
urgent were dealt with satis- 
factorily.. with half the sur- 
geons seeing patients for their 
first hospital appointment 
within five days and less than 
a quarter unable to see pa- 
tients within, a week, but the 

lion added 10 the wait for an 
out-patieni appointment, half, 
the surgeons said that they 
could admit flon-uigent cases 
within 12 weeks of the family 
doctor's referring' them, but 
fora quarter the delay was six 
months* . .. 

The figures “reveal a de- 
plorable situation and reflect 
serious deficiencies in the 
NHS". the college said. 

The college produced the 
figures as part of a study 
arguing that more consultant 
surgeons were needed. 

The United Kingdom has 
about 1.400 general, paed- 

probtem. might. . po detailed . iatric and urological surgeons. 

examination, prove to have 
cancer. • 

“If you have an acute 
abdominal condition the ser- 
vice is very good”. Sir Geof- 
frey said. “But if you have 
abdominal pains you . don't 
know bow urgent that is. It 
might be cancer of the colon. 
That ought to be urgent.” 

Health cash increases 
‘offset by pay rises’ 

Hospitals were deteriorat- 
ing and worn-out equipment 
could not be replaced In. spite 

of increas^^toJ^ 1 service 
funding, a conference was told 

The problems arose -becaase 
the Government was not cover- 
ing the cost of pay increases to 
health workers, resulting in 
the diversion of money intend- 
ed for patient care, Mrs Irene 
Candy told the National Asso- 
ciation of Health Authorities’ 
annual meeting at Newcastle 
upon Tyne. 

Delegates voted over- 
wfeetmiiigfy is favour of a 
motion calling on the Govern- 
ment to food fuOy all national- 
ly agreed pay increases. But it 
asked that cash for hospital 
and commniuty health services 
should include specific money 
for growth. . 

Mrs Candy,s member of the 
Southampton and South West 
Hampshire health authority, 
said adjustments for pay rises 
meant the increase . inre^ 
sources for hospital, and own- 

services bad been 
virtually nd since 1982. - 

She accused the Govera- 
raeotof mis tea ding the public 
by anderfanding pay and giv- 
ing the false impression that 
the hick of growth was due to 
- •The. switch to general 
management m the health 
service had saved about 
£150 nrilKon, Mr Arthur Tay- 
lor, chairman of the associa- 
tion, told the conference. 

• Hospital staff who carried . 
out dental treatment on men- 
tally handicapped . patients 
without proper consent were 
criticized yesterday by the 
public health watchdog. 

Mr Anthony Barrowdoogh, 
Paritementaty Cmnmisrioner 
for the Health Service, report- 
ed that' a girl aged 13 had her 
entire top set of teeth removed 
wfalle her mother thought she 
was m hospital for an exami- 
nation: The same day, a 
mentally handicapped man 
had eight teeth removed, with- 
ont proper consent from' his 

but comes bottom of an 
international table of the 
number of consultants a head 
of population. 

Yet Britain had more than 
50 senior registrars. fuDy 
trained to be consultant sur- 
geons. who could not get 
consultant posts because of 
financial restrictions, the col- 
lege said. 

Sir Geoffrey said; “To ap- 
point more surgeons you 
would, in some areas, need 
additional operating theatres. 
But there are many areas 
where you could appoint extra 
surgeons using the present 

“Because of financial con- 
straints wards and beds are 
being dosed, surgeons are 
being told to reduce their 
operating. . sessions, both in 
number and the length of time 
they operate. 

“Many of us, ihduding 
myself, have been criticized 
fordoing loo much work, and 
that is unbelievable in the 
situation which faces us.” 

: Within Britain there are 
wide variations, with Scotland 
and Northern Ireland faring 
much better than England and 
Wales. The differences show 
up in waiting times for hospi- 
tal appointments. 

Because consultants spent 
only a third of their time 
operating, with the rest assess- 
ing, whether patients needed 
surgery or following up in out- 
patient duties, an increase in 
the number of surgeons would 
Significantly cut the wait for a 
first hospital appointment, the 
college said. 

the winner 




Hitech, an American com- 
puter supported by. military 
funds, has defeated Dr Jana 
Miles, England’s only woman 

The computer amazed ex- 
perts by whining its match -2-0 
in a contest played over 
Tuesday and Wednesday at 
the National Hospital. Queen 
Square. Londonjind is the 
first to defeat a grandmaster 
ubderlourriament conditions. 

The -match was conceived’ 
partly to test Hhech and partly, 
to raise funds for the Royal 
Shrewsbury Hospital in which 
Dr Miles works. 

Dr Hans Berliner, who 
helped to program Hitech at 
Carnegie-Meflon University, 
raid that the computer could 
analyse 175,000 moves a sec- 
ond. He claimed that it would 
be among the top 50 players in 
the United Slates by theendof 
next year. ■ 

Below is Hitech’s second 
victory which clinched the 
match score 2-0 in its favour. 

• Foreign and Colonial, an 
investment company, has 
stepped m -with £20,000 to 
save the ■ annual Hastings 
Chess Congress for another 
year. Hastings - council mil 
provide- the rest- ■ 

White: Dr. Jana Mite; Blade 
Hitech Computer 
ip« mao t P-OB4 . wcns 
sh-obskm *w»-wa 
5 MU - »M2 « P-atM H-B3 

7 am --- im« *W| ft* 

• NJS - Ml- • 1 * ft* 0-0 


am Hosch mm; M . 
is nv ■ a*w» tSKH-OT q*w 

17 (MS . WCBJ. IS 0*SP W» 

13 «f>V<32 O-Mch as W-Q1 QHW. • 
21 b-o* . ws anrahOZ MS 
23 &85 O Mi 21 0-0 : BrR 

25 0-KSc* /KM B-RS 

27 IMCB2 ; Ojtft* 28 QxQ IMrt 
29K-NZ Km :- 3D MS K-B2 

*1 M2 ' *-«. : ' ‘ 

. WJrne resigned • 

Man feared bomb 
blame, court told 

. - Patrick Magee and his IRA 
gang would never have risked 
telling their landlord that they 
were constructing bbmbs m 
the upstairs room, it was 
claimed at the Central Crimi- 
nal Court yesterday. 

'• It would have been a “colos- 
sal breach of IRA security” for 
Mr John Boyle, aged 26, to 
have been told what was going 
oh in the £L6-a-week room at 
James Gray Street, Glasgow. 

“He would have been terri- 
fied. he would have gone to 
the police”, Mr Geoffrey Rob- 
ertson. for the defence, said in 
his dosing speech at Mr 
Boyle's trial. 

. The prosecution claims that 
Mr Boyle aided Magee and 
three others as they planned a 
blitz qn London and 12 coast- 
al towns last summer. 

Mr Boyle has admitted 
moving foe gang's bomb- 
making: cache to the cellar 
after their arrest in Glasgow 

last year. But he told the jury' 
he acted out of panic. 

. He denies procuring, coun- 
selling, aiding, abetting or 
being an accessory to the 
commission a crime by Magee 
and the others by providing 
premises and storage for mate- 
rials for causing explosions 
between January and June last 

Mr Boyle also denies having 
in his possession last June 
explosive substances with in- 
tent to endanger life or cause 
serious injury to property in 
the United Kingdom or en- 
abling another to do so. 

He also pleads not guilty to 
being an accessory to the 
commission of a crime by the 
gang by secreting materials for 
causingexplosions in the cel* 
larof his home. 

It was not suggested that Mr 
Boyle was a party to the plot, 
but that he knew substantially 
what was going on. 

The case continues today. 

Magistrate angered by 
prosecution blunders 

Tbe magistrate who threat- 
ened to free a man on a 
murder Charge if the prosecu- 
tion was not ready to go ahead 
insix days wasforther angered 
by blunders yesterday. 

1 Ai the .end qf the six-day 
deadline at- Horseferry Road 
Magistrates’ Court, London, 
Mr James Coussey. for the 
Director , of Public Prosecu- 
tions. sought and gained time 
fiw- 'an adqitiojial statement to 
be obtained, although counsel 
for the defence urged Mr Eric 
Crowther. the- magistrate, to 
dismiss the chaige. ■ 

As committal proceedings 
were about to restart, it was 
discovered that the original 
witness statements were un- 
available and had to be traced. 

The proceedings , stopped 
again when a pathologist’s 
statement was seen to be 
unsigned: the pathologist was 
out of die country. 

Mr Crowther agreed to re- 
mand Mr Brian Williamson, 
aged 27. of Seven Sisters 
Road. Tottenham, for another 
six days. 

for Nelson 

By Patricia Clough 

Admiral Horatio Nelson is 
bring given a wash and brash 
op this week, on his cafamn in 
Trafalgar Square. 

The man entrusted with the 
task is Mr Reg DoseU, of 
Haxtow, Essex, who scales the 
1 70ft column and 17ft statue 
using ladders strapped to one 
side, watched by crowds of 

The main problem is to 
brash and then scour off the 
encrust e d pigeon lime, which. 

Mr Reg DoseQ giving Nelson's hat a vigorous brushing 
while (below) the photographer, John Manning, negotiates 
die ladders to capture the operation in close-up yesterday. 

if left to «~nnmilate tOO long, 
will wash down the sides of the 
monument, leaving white 
streaks, he says. . 

; Mr DoseO, with hk brother 
Teny and two dtiiers,' started 
work on Tuesday and expects 
to be finished early next week. 
Their firm has the' task of 
smartening up the Admiral 
every two years. 

The column, in Devon gran- 
ite, was designed by William 
RaDton and the statue sculpt- 

ed by Edward Hodges Baity. It 
was erected between 1839 and 

.. The bronze lions around the 
base are by Landseer. 

John Manning, of The 
Times photographic staff, took 
the opportunity to climb the 
column for a rare close-np of 
Nelson. Although no moun- 
taineer, he frit neither afraid 
nor dizzy, he said. “They told 
me not to look up or down but 
just keep on climbing. 


\ ■ 

“The most difficult bit was 
negotiating the plinth that he 
is standing on becanse the 
ladder goes out on an overhang 
- yon -are l eaning backwards 
and there is nothing below 

He Cook the photographs at 
arm’s length from Nelson’s 
face, using a 16mm wide-angle 
lens on his Nikon camera, and 
an exposure time of 1/500 th 
second at FI1. 

found in 
A levels 

By Lucy Hodges 

Education Correspondent 

A comparative study of A- 
Icvel examination results in 
English has found differences 
between boards, with some 
apparently more lenient and 
others more severe. Bui it says 
the differences do not mean a 
difference in standards. 

According to a statistical 
survey carried out in 1984 the 
Ox fond and Cambridge, the 
.Associated Examining and foe 
Southern Universities’ Joint 
boards appeared relatively 
generous to students, passing 
more of them and giving them 
results of op to one grade 
better than other boards. 

Conversely, the Joint Ma- 
triculation. London and Ox- 
ford boards seemed tougher 
on their students. 

Further analysis through a 
scrutiny of scripts. However, 
showed the differences to be 
very small, according to the 
report of the Inter-board 
Comparability Study of Grad- 
ing Standards in A-level En- 
glish, published today. 

The study, which was 
prompted by correspondence 
in The Times Educational 
Supplement after the 1983 
examination results, found 
that grading schemes applied 
in very different ways, with 
grade widths being substan- 
tially different and foe placing 
of the grade scale on the marie 
scale varying considerably be- 
tween boards. 

AEB. for example, allocated 
a band of five marks to a grade 
B in English, whereas London 
gave it a span of 1 1 marks. 

That will change next year 
when a new A-level grading 
scheme is introduced, forcing 
the boards to operate a more 
uniform grading scheme.- 

AEB has many more candi- 
dates from further education 
than any other board, and 
almost none from indepen- 
dent schools. By contrast, the 
Oxford and Cambridge 
Board's entry is almost entire- 
ly drawn from independent 

For eight of the boards the 
ratio of female to male candi- 
dates is three to one: that for 
Oxford and Cambridge is 
about one to three. Female 
students outperform male stu- 
dents by up to 8 per cent. 

• A survey of local education 
authorities in England and 
Wales, carried out by the 
Social Democratic Party, indi- 
cates that the new GCSE 
examination for 16-year-olds 
is being introduced without 
proper tending or preparation. 

Mrs Anne Sofer. the SDFs 
education spokesman, said it 
demonstrated the “lack of 
government provision for 
what will certainly be an 
important step in secondary 

in defeat 

By Robin Young 

Mr Peter Tbeodoracopulos* 
Taki of the “High Ufc" 
column is The Spectator* was 
mmootedly discreet when it 
was finally announced (hat be 
had lost in the 12-day High 
Court libel action yesterday. 
He was not there. 

Until then Taki, tanned and 
smiling, had been cheerfully 
thumbing his nose at acquaint- 
ances in the |»ess gallery, and 
holding court in the corridors 
while the jury continued their 
5 hours and 20 minutes of 

Id the course of the hearing 
Taki had claimed to be a 
columnist in the English tradi- 
tion of Defoe, Swift and Cob- 
bett. He said that, like them, 
he used strong language when 
he felt strongly. “M> gossip 
will define the age”, be said in 
one of the bouts of 

It was the freedom of the 
press that was bring chal- 
lenged, be daimed, when a 
wealthy socialite sued him for 
libel over the words be chose to 
describe her and her husband 
after being refused admission 
to a lunch party at their Greek 

The spicy strength of TakTs 
language had top libel laivyers 
beating through rival dictio- 
naries in court to find defini- 
tions of words like 
“flatulence” and “catamite” 
that would suit their purposes. 

Taki is the son a Greek 
millionaire, John Theo- 
doracopulos, whose fortune 
derives from oil, shipping and 
textiles. ' 

Taki is a black belt at 
karate, a former Davis Cup 
tennis player, and the es- 
tranged husband of Princess 
Alexandra Schoenburg, who 
nobly gave evidence on. his 
be half, and received a friendly 
pat on the bottom from him in 
thanks as she left the court. 

His column exco ri ated the 
rich and tasteless, yet- he 
whiled away his leisure time at 
Annabel's In London, and 
Mortimer's in New York.: 

He made no secret of his 
vigorous pursuit of whaj he 
called “aristocratic crumpet”, 
and for some time rented a 
country house at a reported 
£40,000 a year to advance^tfais 
interest At the same time he 
wrote openly of his ambition to 
dine with the Queen. 

The closest be has come to 
the Queen's hospitality was in 
1984 when he was sentenced to 
a four-month prison sentence 
for attempting to smuggle 
cocaine into Britain. 

He succeeded in bouncing 
back from that blow and, 
though it will hurt his pride to 
have lost to a woman whom he 
had accused of throwing kim 
out “like a dog” friends do not 
donbt that he will bounce back 

Two jailed 
for attack 
on guard 

Two men were jailed yester- 
day for six weeks for a 
“cowardly and unprovoked 
attack'* on a British Rail 
guard. . 

Peter Docherty, aged 21, 
and Patrick Crerand, aged 22, 
were sentenced at Manchester 
City Magistrates' Court to 18 
weeks’ imprisonment, 12 of 
them suspended. 

Docherty, of Charter Road, 
and Crerand, of Lloyd Street, 
both Altrincham, Cheshire, 
pleaded guilty a month ago to 
assaulting Mr Harold Dawes, 
aged 51, causing actual bodily 

The prosecution described 
the attack as cowardly and 
unprovoked and said Doc^ 
herty knocked Mr Dawes off 
bis bicycle in the early hours 
of a January morning. 

Since the attack they had 
paid £766 to their victim for 
his loss of earnings. 

Mr Guy Robson, for the 
defence, said publicity had 
made them national figures 
during foe case because they 
had famous surnames. 

The two were orderd to 
share, prosecution costs of 
£250 arid were given until the 
end of the year to pay. 

Doty solicitor scheme 

By Frances Gibb. - - 
Legal -Affairs Correspondent 

The new dirty soDator 
scheme Is^ proving an uaquafi- 
tied success with Its clients r- 
people who have been arrest- 

The scheme suspects 
in police custody a legah right 
to see a lawyer,, night or day. 

First setmdutgsjbotii ia and 
outside London, «how that 
suspects are strongly in favour 
of the scheme, which, they say, 
acts as a safeguard in their 
deaiings with poike. 

But fast, reactions firopt- 
Uwyets namin g the scheme 
are mixed. They vary from 
unqualffied enthusiasm at' 
Bristol- to a concent among 
inner London fawyers.tbat.too 
few suspects are enjoying the 

Lawyers say that because of 
the poor caB-ottf rate, suspects 
may net be told that they can 
now see a lawyer. , 

/Mr Roger !Ede, one of a 
panel of about thirty-fire solic- 
itorv oa a. rota for south 
• London, said that he had. been 
on cadi on a Saturday night, 
and afro on a weekday night, 
from 9pm until 9am, and sot 
teemed single call from 'a 
police station. 

The stations covered were 
Tooting, Wandsworth, 
Clap ham, Lavender. HfU and 
'Battersea which were, busy- 
areas, partiodariy- on Satur- 
days. • . .. 

f “I find ft hard to believe. 

- there was: hot a . single person 
in need ^of a duty sofidlor 
during die whole course of the 
evening”, be said. /. ■ ■ 

He frft that it depended on 
the cnstodyofficer in charge of 
supervising the scheme on any 
one night snd Ms attitude to it 
. There had been consider- 
able resistance from the police 
to the new Police and Criminal 
Evidence Act, 1984, under 

•• . 

which the scheme was being 
set up, because of the extra 
■adminis trative burden. . 

However, from the client's 
point of view, the presence of 
the lawyer has only been of 
benefit John D, aged 21, 
waiting trial at Camberwell 
Green Magistrates' Court for 
interfering with a motor vehi- 
cle, said mat he was asked if 
he wanted to see a solicitor and 

a woman arrived in less than 
an- hour. 

“I'd been Interviewed before 
and -this time ft was much 
better. If the police started 
being fanny towards me she 
sorted it ooL You've got a 
witness for yourself.” 

- jDouglas B, aged 25, another 
aspect fo London awaiting 
trial on fraud charges, said 
that foe presence of a lawyer 
was essential. “The police are 
trained in questioning aud foe 
defendant isn't It's an u n f air 
balance otherwise.” 

Mrs Deborah B, who had 
used the Bristol duty solicitor 
scheme ia what was her first 
contact with the police, was 
unequivocal. “He was abso- 
lutely marveCons. He came 
within the hour and was there 
for the interview.” 

Mr David Roberts, a solici- 
tor in foe Bristol scheme, 
which covers six police sta- 
tions, said one impact of the 
scheme was tint it hod slowed 
interviewing by the police, but 
that would be resolved when 
tape recording of interviews 
came in across the conn try. 

“I don't think the police 
always, show foe suspect foe 
-leaflet about their legal right 
to see a fawyer“, he said. 

“Before they didn't want to 
call us in; but they now realize 
we havea job to (fa, a new role 
given by Parliament in the 
public interest” 


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£PARlilAMENT’JUNE 19 1986 

<*■ * : 

Leaders clash • Chancellor’s warning • Ulster assemoiy 

? fears strict Lawson wants firmer grip on pay 

I d economic policies would be so Throughout (he world the more than others? VVere these -^'L-menrs^ success * h 

W tjlSlU fUAU. 11/ IKICI ATlfiN successful that unemployment same sort of economic policies factors and rommodrtT prices ^ inflation toog predate 

TV ^ wv INrLAI IUN would start to falL_ . had bees pursued and it mas not rising faster than other items in ^ 

a f M A £• • 111 ™“ 1 " Mr Lawson: The problem of all ihat surprising that inflation the inflation figures? Rirhard Htcfcmei (Gfaafor 

■a TT'OA'% While the reflation rate was now unemployment is uniquely coo- had come tfa*n worldwide. Mr Lawson agreed that CL- These «b 

0 fill r\. I I I1_U_ do '' 1 ? lo 2.8 per cent, average nected with dreexcessirc level of Britain's inflation had come pensronere, tbe elderly and J^aahiuea tittle mor 

Afih P*-r X A-n-A earnings were rams at a rate of pay increases m relation to dawn fauw than that of other others on fixed incomes were “Lr «_» , im 

Ulster assembly 


i-'-Wrs Thatcher, the Prime Min- 
"Cisier. challenged Mr Neil' 
-Kinnock, Leader of the Oppo- 
7. si lion, to name a single western 
' .Industrialized country which 
^‘ .fiad done more to put pressure 
■ 5 on South Africa when the two 
■'.‘leaders clashed during angry 
Commons exchanges. 

1C Mr Kinnock told Mrs Thatcher 
her present attitude amounted 
„ doing nothing and said: w ill 
* -she remind herself that all that is 
Required for the triumph of evil 
~is that the good people do 

■*fr In' the exchanges. Mr John 
“Spicer (West Dorset C»: The 
Government has ngorousb en- 
forced mandatory sanctions on 
,-_the sale of arms to South. Africa. 
.iCari she give an assurance ibai 
e\cn other country has acted in 
•,-«xactly the same way and at the 
same ie' el? 

;>lrs Thatcher We rigorously 
Enforce mandatory sanctions on 
arms to South Africa. Neverthe- 
less. thev do not seem to be 
«:ahort of certain things. Thai 
“oshows the difficulty of a course 
' 2 $i mandatory economic 

^Alr kinnock: She repeatedly 
’-.says she wants negotiations and 
~ > -£a "suspension of violence in 
.-£ouih Africa: something we 
.-t. would all like. 

fHu.Bui the South African 
Government's response, to her 
..jmitude. is to. deride negotia- 
, — uons^-to undertake armed at- 
? tacks on Botswana. Zimbabwe, 
i Zambia and Angola, and impos- 
ing totalitarian controls on the 
■* press and public of South Africa. 
Faced with these realities, her 
veto on sanctions is not so much 
caution or concern but supine 
appeasement of the apartheid 
. regime. P.W. Botha is making 
'* use of her. When is she going to 

• siop it? 

> Mrs Thatcher The question is 

• whether adding economic sanc- 
■j lions with the severe unemploy- 
'j, mem it would bring to South 
i Africa, adding poverty and un- 
] employment to an already diffi- 
. cult ' situation. the 
i unemployment it would bring 
; here, the damage it would mean 

for our shipping, would help the 
1 : situation in South Africa? 1 
J doubt very much whether it 
j would. 

; 1 have condemned totally the 

J raids. I believe they were 
t responsible for stopping the 
j successful conclusion of the 
•• Eminent Persons' Group. 

> Mr Kinnock: If she is concerned 

• about employment here or in 
J South Africa, she had better 
,4 calculate the effect of what the 
! EPG called the descent into 
’ further v iolence. 

j Sanctions may well cost jobs 
3 but the collapse that will come 
1 without effective pressure on the 
1 South African Government will 

Mrs Thatcher it is quite pos- 
sible that the imposition of strict 
mandaiorv sanctions on South 
Africa would add to the violence 
and not detract from it. and that 
it would end all possibility of 
negotiations between the gov- 
ernment and the black, people of 
South Africa. This is still our 

Mr kinnock speaks as if the 
Government had done nothing. 
I do not think he will find 
another industrialized western 
country which in fact as done 

An embargo on the export of 

refusal to cooperate in the 
military sphere: 
recall of military attaches: 
discouraging scientific events 
excepi where they contribute to 
the ending of apartheid- 
cessation of oil exports to 
South .Africa: 

prohibition of new collabora- 
tion on- nuclcarm a tiers; - - 
cessation of exports of scien- 
tific equipment 10 the police: 
banning of all new loans: 
commitment to take uni- 
lateral on the banning of im- 
ports of krugerrands, which was 

banning the import of ail gold 
coins from Southc Africa. 

Would Mr Kinnock like to 
name an industrialized western 
country that has done more? 

rj*** 4 , 

E J 

cost a great many more jobs, 
both here and in South Africa. 

Her present attitude amounts 
to doing nothing. Will she 
, remind herself that all that is 
required for the triumph of evil 
is that good people do nothing. 



Thatcher f^arae a counoy 
that has done more 

Mr Kinnock: There is no other 
country in the world that has a 
greater" and closer relationship 
or a greater and closer 
responsibility than this country. 
A few months ago the Prime 
Minister was describing all of 
that as a teeny little bit. Will she 
now do the effective thing and 
ban new investment in South 

Mrs Thatcher: Tel! me a west- 
ern industrialized country that 
has done more? You can'L 

Mr Frank Haynes (Ashfiefd. 
Lab»: Do the' Prime Minister 
and her Government represent 
the people of this-nation. bear- 
ing in mind there has been a 
recent opinion poll showing that 
more than 50 per cent of the. . 
country- want her to taktactioo- 
against Soutij-Africa? - • ' 

If the_a'hs«ver'is- .no. is it 
bixausc of tbe financial interests 
on -the benches' behind her in 
South Africa and their invest- 
ment? We would like lo know 
about ihaL 

Mrs Thatcher Yes. this Gov- 
ern mem does represent the 
people of this country. If we do 
not dash into full ' economic 
sanctions as the Opposition 
would wish, it will be because 
we agree with the reason the 
Labour Government gave in the 
United Nations when they 
voted against full mandatory 
economic sanctions when they 
were in government and said: 

“The Labour Government 
docs not agree that far reaching 
economic measures which the 
resolution calls for would pro- 
duce the changes in South Africa 
that we would ail like to sec." 

We would endorse that 

Dr David Owen. Leader of the 
SDP: Since Canada, Holland 
and the Scandinavian countries 
have ail done more than this 
country against South Africa, 
and since if the Prime Minister 
is not very careful, the United 
States Senate will pass a modi- 
fied Bill following the lead of the 
House of Representatives and 
the Prime Minister will again 
have to follow in the wake of 
President Reagan, would it not 
be better for her 10 take a more 
conciliatory approach and her- 
self put forward constructive 
proposals which she can support 
and other countries ought to be 
forced to support as well? ; 
Mrs Thatcher I deliberately ; 
said major industrialized west- | 
em countries. No other has 
done more. He, too. is against 
trade sanctions and has. made 
his positiqn clear in articles 

-Mr Martin Redmond (Don Val- 
ley. Labi: Will the Prime Min- 
ister explain to this House her 
dual standards on South Africa? 
Mrs Thatcher: I have indicated 
that we totally and utterly 
condemn the system of apart- 
heid. We condemned the raids. 

BuL like the Labour Parly, 
when it was in power, we do not 
agree that far-reaching eco- 
nomic measures, mandatory 
economic overall sanctions 
called for would produce the 
changes in South Africa which 
we would all like to sec. 

in the end it will have to come 
to negotiation between the gov- 
ernment of South Africa and the 
black people of South Africa. 

That is our purpose and we 
shall strain every sinew to that 

Mr Winston Churchill 
(Davyhulme. CV. Will she. while 
condemning the inhuman sys- 
tem of apartheid, make clear 
that it cannot be any part of our 
policy lo take steps which would 
encourage a process leading to 
bloody revolution in South 
Africa but, on the contrary, to 
redoubfe our -/efforts to' 
encourage peaceful evolution 

Mrs Thatcher That is precisely 
our policy- I believe that the 
extent of economic sanctions 
being cafied forXrom some parts, 
of the House would add poverty- 
and unemployment" to violence 
and that would increase the 
violence and make matters a 
great deal worse, not only for the 
people of South Africa itself but 
for front-line states and other 
countries beyond. 


While the inflation rate was now 
down to 2.8 per cent, average 
earnings were rising at a rate of 
7.5 per cent, damaging compet- 
itiveness and jobs. Mr Nigel 
Lawson (Chancellor of tbe Ex- 
chequer) (okt the Commons 
when a Tory backbencher ac- 
cused l he Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry and others of 
spinelessness in the face of: 
excessive wage demands. He. 
expressed confidence .that tire 
rate of inflation would remain 

Mr Lawson said if one took into 
account the tax reductions in the 
Budget, the cost of tiring growth 
in tbe last year bad fallen to less 
than 1 per cent. 

The growth in earnings was 
damaging to Britain's compet- 
itiveness in world markets, 
damaging 10 orders which could 
be obtained by firms and, there- 
fore, damaging to jobs. 

It really Is the responsibility 
of man a ge ment (be said) to take 
a far firmer grip of their costs, ' 
■particularly pay costs. 

He was answering Mr Robert , 
Jones (West Hertfordshire, C) 
who bad asked binn Will he take . 
every opportunity to hammer" 
home to the CBI and others that 
the effect on their own compet- 
itiveness of their spinelessness 
in tbe face of excessive wage 
increases is likely to be worse 
inflation and more 

Labour MPs cheered when 
Mr David Knox (Staffordshire, 
Moorlands, O asked the Chan- 
cellor when be thought his 

economic policies would be so 
successful that nnera ploy mem 
would start to falL_ . 

Mr Lawson: The problem of 
unemployment « uniquely con- 
nected with the. excessive level of 
pay increases m relation to 
productivity in this country. 

If unit labour costs rise.- as 
they are doing, far faster than 
those of oor_ major overseas 
competitors; then it does make it 
-very difficult to get ttnempfoy- 
ment down, despite (he fact that ■ 
:we have genera ting 
. very nearly one mOtioasew-jobi 
’ in this' country since the' fast 
' general election. 

Mr Stuart 'Bell 

- (Mlddlesboroogb, Lab): What 
docs he say to newspapers tike 
Thv Economist which stale that 
the inflation rate will rise to4 or 
5 per cent next year as a result of 
the many price redactions work- 
ing through the economy? 

Mr Lawson: We wfll publish the 
forecast at the oormal time and 
he wOl find the track record of 
forecasts by the Treasury - is ' 
rather better than that pablislied 
by outside bodies; href tiding The 
.Economist. ' . . . — , 

The inflation rate- how -was ' 
affected to some extern by the 
mortgage : rale element 'In . the 
index, but if that was taken oat H 
was still around 3.1 per cent • 

Mr Harvey Proctor (Billerkay. 
C) asked for a commitment that 
inflation would remain in very 
low single figures. Only if this 
was sustained for a considerable 
time would tbe real benefits of 
low inflation bear fruit. 

Mr Lawson said that hi West 
Germany inflation was slightly 
less than zero, a negative figure. 
That was likely to be a tem- 
porary' phenomenon. 

Through ont the world the 
same sort of economic policies 
had been porsned and it was not 
all that snrprising that inflation 
had come down worldwide. 

Britain's inflation had come 
down faster than that of other 
: .countries 'and was wider 3 per 
cent for the first time far 18 
years. If would stay- . 

I am confident (be said) that it 
will'repuun low so fang as these 
policies remain in force. “ 

Mr Enoch PoWetl (South Down. 
©UP):' Will he -confirm that 
-there- Is- no- merit in negative 
ioflatiet^ ooamoaty- kmnouas 

i deflation? • 

-Mr v, Lawson: Yes- ; The 
' Govdiunest's "objective is stable 
prices, not failing prices. 

. Mr Terence Higgins (Worthing, 
Q said .many people did not 
understand bow wide the scope 
of the retail price index was, 
covering things Uke electricity 
and eas prices and races. It 
should be explained that the 
RPI-was based on real surveys of 
expenditure. - 

.Mr Lawson confirmed this and . 
said Sometimes iieople fbond it 
difficult tofelieve that Inflation , 
' was as low- as il was Tieca ose they ■ 
- looked" ht one partied far price ' 
which ■yraRmriyji small prnpor- 
. tfan of their total spending; 
•Earlier, when -Mr Andrew 
Mac Kay (East Berkshire, - C) 
asked the Chancellor what were 
the main factors now influencing 
the inflation level, there was 
fa lighter when Mr Lawson re- 
plied: The Governknenfs eco- 
nomic policies. 

Mr Mac Kay said those most 
vulnerable to high inflation were 
pensioners. Would Jhe Chan- 
. cellor indicate whether certain 
factors in inflation affcaed them . 

more than others? VVere these 
factors ami commodity prices 
rising faster than other items in 
.tbe inflation figures? 

Mr Lawson agreed thaj 
pensioners, : the elderly and 
others on fixed Incomes were 
most affected by high inflation. 
That was why tbe greatest social 
service a government cooW 
. perform was to ' bring down 
- inflation., and work towards 
" stable prices. 

. . .There was a. pensioner price 
index which addressed dsdf to 
: the amsurap tioa power of the 
^ elderly and the average member 
population. Since this 
Government had been m office 
this index had risen less than 



Contrary to what its critics 
alleged the Government was 
spending more in real terms in 
priority areas like health, 
education and housing. Mr 
John MacGregor, Chief 
Secretary to the Treasury, said 
during Commons questions. 

People wanted a realistic and 
prudent public expenditure 
programme with the emphasis 
on getting value for money for 
every pound spent, he said, and 
that was what the Government 
had been delivering. 

Mr David Winnick (Walsall 
North. Lab), who began the 
exchanges, said ail the evidence 
showed that most people 
considered that the first priority 
should be public spending on 
health, education and housing. 

Do the outrageous remarks on 
council housing made by Mr 
Geoffrey Panic, Minister of 
State .„at the Department of 
Trade .and. Industry, represent 
Government policy (he asked) 
or were they' just remarks to 
show him to be a-stupid clown? 
Mr MacGregor: 'Expenditure on 
education per pupil has risen"’" 
substantially in realjenti&undet 

this Government but fell by 2 
per cent in real terms under the 
last Labour government. 
Equally, wc have given 
particular priority to health, 
where expenditure in real terms 
is up by 24 per cenL 
Mr Kenneth Weetch (Ipswich. 
Lab): The infrastructure in all 
three areas in various pans of 
the country is in a very poor 
state. It is a better policy option 
to have significant expenditure 
in these three areas rather than 
reduce the standard rate of 
income tax to 25p. 

Mr MacGregor: In housing, for 
example, because of the 
substantial switch to provision 
in the private secior and owner- 
occupation. we have cut down 
the amount of money involved 
in new building in council 
housing. The renovation 
programme has gone up 
substantially in real terms under 
this Government — a sensible 
and necessary priority. 

There are many people who 
still believe strongly, and they 
are right, that the present level 
of direct taxation on people with 
average and below average 
incomes is still too high.l 
Mr Ralph Howell (North 
Norfolk? Cj: One of the prime 
■GoveTtifcn^jobjgctives in 1979 

was to cut taxation and public 
expenditure. His answer only a 
few days ago proved that public 
expenditure in real terms 
increased by 1 1 percent in 1984- 
8S and is forecast to be 8 per 
cent above the 1979 level in 
1 985-86. Is this not proof that 
the Government has not 
succeeded in cutting public 
expenditure and can we have an 
assurance that it will in future? 
Mr MacGregor: ft takes some 
considerable time once you try 
to change direction for the 
results to show through. As a 
proportion of gross national 
product public expenditure is 
now at the 1978-79 levels and is 
planned to come down almost 
10 the levels of the 1960s. 

Mr Robert McCrfndle 
(Brentwood and Ongar. O: 
Many of us welcome indications 
that desirable increases in 
health, housing and education 
may well now be becoming 
progressively acceptable to the 
Government. Those who lake a 
different view do not wish the 
Government to turn back but 
seek a desirable balance and" 
believq that is what a majority pf 
the population would wish. . . 
Mr MacGregor A desirable' 
balance is what the Government 
has been achieving Our aim is 

- •. • vwwss- 

Jones: CBI spineless ' 
in face of pay demands 

the retail price index as a whole. 
Mr William Hamilton {Cemral 
Fife, tab) asked what the 
Government's economic policies 
had to do with plummeting oil 
prices and other commodity 
prices'. / 


to gct_a .reduction in direct 
taxation and higher real 
spending on the priority areas. 
Mr William Hamilton (Fife 
Central. Lab): He has talked 
about the great success of the 
health service financial 
provision. How does he explain 
press reports today that the 
Secretary of Sate for Social 
Services (Mr Norman Fowler) is 
cunrcntly putting in for a £1.7 
•billion increase in his health 
service provision: 

Is that designed to build on 
" success - or cover up failure? . 
Mir- MacGregor -It is a regular 
■feature af thiVtime of the year 
-for commentators ta Speculate 
and throw out all.sorts.of figures 
in the hope that one of them will 
eventually come down. I am not 
going to commenL 
Mr Max Madden (Bradford 
West. Lab): What does he say 10 
people like Mr Edward 'Heath 
who earlier this week told us his 
constituents would rather do 
without tax cuts if the price was 
Jess money being spent, on. the 
-NHS? \ 

_Mr MacGrecor: SVe havc mat 
..aciua Llyr^beeiT 'retliicing 
Cxperttn.tiJrtf "tin: ’the health 
service.. Quite the reverse. Wc 
'havc^subsantially increased it 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Debate on the 

Lords (11): Building Societies 
Bill, second reading. 

: -A*. 

integration ruled out 

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The Government 'looked 
forirand to the creation of a new 
assembly fas Horinetn Ireland 
on an acceptable basis. Mr Tom 
King, Secretary. State •; for 
Northern Ireland, said in the' 
Commons in a speech in which 
he also ruled out the possibility 
of integration of the Province 
with the UK. It was simply not 
on. he declared. 

The charge that the 
Government had sought to 
bring about the end of the 
present assembly, or had been 
unreasonable and would not 
talk, could simply not be 
sustained, he said when moving 
a motion to approve the draft 
Nonhem Ireland Assembly 
(Dissolution) Order 1986. 

Mr King said the order would 
not abolish the legal basis for the 
assembly. It simply abolished 
the present assembly and left 
open the date of elections for a 
new assembly. The present 
assembly would, in any case, 
have reached the end of its 
normal life in October. 

The Government had given 
every possibility to the members 
of the assembly and the 
Unionist leaders to resume their 
proper functions and for the 
assembly to be able to continue. 

There had been some 
exaggeraied comments by some 
party spokesman, particularly 
the Rev Ian Paisley, leader of 
the DUP. who had complained 
that all platforms were being 
denied to him. 

Mr Paisley was a member of 
the House of Commons, the 
most important forum in the 
UK. and yet made so little use of 
it. He could not say he was 
denied the possibility of being 
able to express in a democratic 
forum comments on behalf of 
the people he represented. 

There had been allegations 
that the Government was trying 
to suppress free speech or 
democratic expression. When 
he looked at the situation in the. 
Nonhern Ireland local councils 
and at the empty benches in die 
Commohi' He 'knew it was hot 
this Government. jhdi .had . 
brought- these circumstances 
.about. . ‘ ;. ' .". ; . 

. He • hoped it was now. 
understood in Northern -Ireland - 
that he was more than ready to 
listen -to people's .points of view 
and talk and discuss, with any 
who wished to do so in a 
constructive way. the way 

Mr King, in also moving 
approval ol the draft Northern 
Ireland Act 1974 (Interim Pe- 
riod Extension) Order 1986. 
said successive Governments 
had renewed, the order and 
hoped they would not have to too many tiraes^buithc - 
basis on which ii need not be 
renewed did not exist at present. 
On technical and practical 
considerations, it was, necessary 
to renew the direct nrie powers 
which were contained within the 


One of the consequences 
following from the Ang|o-Irish 
agreement was that it had 
stimulated more intensive de- 
bate about what was the right 
way forward. It was clear tiiere 
was no going back and the issue 
. at stake was the best way 

The Government did not 
support and would not be 
prepared to pul forward integra- 
tion as a policy for Northern 
Ireland. To try to suggest there 
were no differences in Northern 
Ireland from other parts of the 
United Kingdom was lo ignore 
completely the background of 
different history, traditions, 
community attitudes and politi- 
cal parties. These differences 
could not simply be discussed as 
minor variations that could be 
cast aside in some uniform 
Westminster package- 

integration was simply not 
on. but the Government was 
certainly willing to look at the 
way in which Northern Ireland 
business was handled in the 

King: Integration of Province 
with L'K raled out 

House and see if there were ways 
in which this could be im- 

Mr Julian Ameiy (Brighton 
Pavilion. C): I am sorry he has 
come out so strongly against 

-. Mr King said wTiat the Govern- 
ment! Bid want to see was 
devolved govcmmenl-on a basis 
.of 'widespread" acceptance. It 
.wanted jo seta.bgsis-on which ' 
elected people in the 'Province 
could a gatf* Havca real say in the , 
administration of the Province. 

- I -accept he said)- that the 
history of this is not 
encouraging - 

But he genuinely believed a 
more fundamental debate was 
taking ptace. on the best way 
forward. Recent events had 
concent raled people's minds in 
quite a different way on what 
was the best way forward. 

What we now-need to do (he 
said) is to- siart -talking, to start 
the process of understanding 
beircr-each ortrer^ points or 
view. J2. _ _ - _ 

He was prepared to listen to 
constructive arguments. His 
door was genuinely open. His 
.concern, was to_sec ihe present 
log-jam broken and a new start 
made. . 

I am ready now (he said) to 
enter into talks irr whatever 
form 4s dfflveiMem, without 
.preconditions and — ifdesired — 
outside any involvement with 
ahe Anglo-Irish Agree menL. 

There have to be> talks. They 
.have, got to start sooner or later. 
But. in whatever' form. I- set no 
preconditions on" them. I hope 
others can respond and see if we 
can find a basis upon, which a 
happier future for the Province 
can be laid. 

Mr Peter Archer, chief 
Opposition spokesman an 
Northern Ireland, asked 'where 
was there left to go. bearing in 
mind that it would have been 
tetter if MPs. had not been 
starting from here. 

For the moment there, was no . 
alternative to continuing direct 
rule.- The onTy argument in- its 
fax our. though, was that, there 
.was ne :: agreement on an 
alternative. , . -~ 

. Bui direct rule was only the 
'first step in acting journey. 

‘ The Anglorlrish. Agreement 
could be a ' framework . for 
discussion between the British 
and Irish Governments to the 
benefit of all . the people of 
Northern Ireland. 

It was not possible to argue 
that the Republic had ^no 
interest in what happened in 
Norrhem Ireland. 

However, peace could not be 
'imposed upon Northern Ireland 
by- people from -London - or 

. ; The-seartfr for peace could be 
conducted only by -the people of 
Northern Ireland. Ii'.wouJd'nQi 
be done .on the' basis 'tif Who was 
going to'wiii and who was going 
to lose. • 

Mr Endcb Powell .(South Down. 
OUP) said it -was not surprising 
that this conclusion in 1986 
should be foregone when it was 
remembered that 'all tbe 
Unionist parties in Northern 
.Ireland opposed the. 1982 Act 
which set lip the assembly. 
Those . most intimately 
concerned , had warned that the ! 
■putco'me would be 'frustration. 

The assembly had been -set- a 
'task'- that -'•‘■was..- impossible. ] 
impossible not hecause of ill -will ; 
b ui 'z . beca use .■..?(■; the ! 
^circumstances which exisiecL ^ 

Mr Seannw Maflon (NeWry 
and' Armagh. *.SDLP) .-said the 
-Anglo-Irish accord had posed 
the choice - to unionism and 
sections within the. Unionist 
community and asked them: 
“Can you live with the concept 
of equality and the concept of 
justice for all people in Northern 
Ireland?" Until that -key ques- 
tion" was positively, answered, 
.there was not going to be a 
proper solution. 

Mr Jolfan Arbery (Brighton. 
Pavilion. C) said Tt was .time to 
.recognize, that ; the assembly 
concept could* not work.- Noth- 
ing " was ~ more dangerous- in 
-politics- than- to be tied to -the 
carcasses of .what were' obvi- 
ously -dead bodies: After 15 
years a new approach was 

e Mr Lawson said the 

5 Government's success in 

0 reducing inflation tong predated 
the o3 price falL 

. Mr Richard Htckmer (GUafonl 

1 and Scunthorpe. CK Those »bo 

* say we can have a little -more 
public expenditure and a little 

j more faflatiOB are advocating a 
I dangerous course. There d m 
, guarantee that more public 
. spending weoM k»d n> more 
employment or increased 

\ 3e if C ?" were the job of the 
. Government to employ people it 
; would be Kite tiring in eastern 
Europe with dreary standards of 
. tiring and dreary ***■'“**- 
J . Mr Lawson saw bus pomt 
was understood by those 
responsible for economic policy, 
not only in Britain bot 
throughout the western world, if 
there was a simple answer to cm 
nnempkmneat it wodd ba*« 
been introduced long ago. 

If the policies of the 
Opposition were introduced and 
there * public spendisg 
increase of £24 bOtino the result 
would be sharply higher 
inflation and sharply higher 

Mr Roy Hatiersiey. chier 
-Opposition spokesman oa 

* Treasury affairs:. Is the 
I Chancellor prepared to test the 

* validity of his chums that 
; Government policies have had 

this effect on inflation by putting 
in the O'Jiciai Repo rt the 
calculations made by the Central 
. Statistical Office oo the reasons 
I why inflation has fallen over the 
! fast year. 

Mr Lawson said this office 
merelv reported what bad 
occurred. It did not engage «n 
econo mic analysis. 






The Ministry of Defence was 
reviewing the race relations 
policy for the armed forces and 
was considering introducing 
ethnic monitoring. Lord 
Trefganie. Minister of Suie for 
Defence, told the House of 
Lords during a debate on the 
third reading of the Armed 
Forces Bill. 

The minister was replying to 
an amendment by Lord Graham 
of Edmonton (Lab) to make it an 
offence to discriminate against 
. any person on grounds of race. 
This was rejected by 107 votes 
to 70 — Government majority, 
37. • . : . 

’Lord Graham . of Edmonton 
recalled newspaper reports that 
Prince Charles had expressed 
serious concern about 
discrimination against blacks in 
^the, Brigade of Guards and the 
■Household Cavalry. 

■ ; • He asked the minister Docs 

- he not sharethe disappointment 

■ of the Prince that ihe situation is 
as it is? 

.The Earl of Onslow (Q said he 
-was an ex-Household Cavalry 
officer. It is unarguable (he said) 
(hat there is passive 
discrimination in the 

■ Household Brigade Regiments. 

' I probably will not be asked to 

■ any other officers’ mess after 
this. (Laughter) 

‘Lord Alport (Ind) said there 
. woe many West Indians or 

- Asians who would carry out the 
duties of a member’ of the 
Household Brigade with all the 
distinction and responsibility 
carricd out by anybody with a 
white face. 

Lord Trefgarne said no form of 
discrimination was tolerated in 
the armed forces whether on 
racial, religious or other 
grounds. Recruitment and 
promotion were entirely on 
men'L It was already dear that 
racial or other discrimination 
would not be tolerated and 
would be firmly dealt with 
should it come to lighL 
The Commission for Racial 
Equality had been in touch with 
_ his depjuiment about their race 

■ relations policies. They were 
-reviewing those policies and 

were considering the 
introduction of ethnic 
monitoring for the forces. No 
decision had yet teen taken on 
the matter. Any decision would 
be announced as soon as the 
.department was in a position to 
do so. 

He hoped the House would 
'accept the dear and repeated 
assurances he had given on the 
policies of the Government on 
the armed forces rather than the 
inaccurate and anecdotal 
: reports that had appeared in the 
jpress. . ^ • 

. Answering ' further points. 

* Lord Trefgarne said: We do not 
monitor' the. make-up of the 

-armed forces at the moment. I 
.do - - not .. know how many 
coloured admirals or air 
.marshals there are. I have never 

High earners 
paying more 

The proportion of income tax 
paid by the top TO per cent of 
■earners has increased from 34 
per cent in 1978^79. to 37Vi per 
feent in the. current financial 
vear. Mr Normxo Lamont, 
Financial Secretary to the 
-Treasury, said during question 
.ume in the Commons. . 

Next week’s business 

Alliance motion on 

ii "““m* motion Oil 
Uwwjtef autnortnes. 
SSniSw* 1 Grants BUL second 

JL3PJ22 employment measures ana 
and on es- 
to. the environment 

j , m the Howe of 

.Attpprb “U. nurd 

! Wages SllL .commlhee. lint 

SS®*-: «« -defence e* 

Bta. commmee. 
*mr. Dockyard Ser^re* BID. report. 

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By Enacts Gibb* Legal Affair* Conespwtfent 

ven,nient ,P{0ppsaJs to • , The Government . has aJ- beas an outlelfor jelling their 
allow conyeyanang by banks. ireajy broi^t -in laws/. to finaiciaj services. 1 ' 
budding societies, ■ estate ag- permit- non-solicitor licensed Building -socieities account 

cppt- conveyaTKxrs J ,who n\i»nalce *fdr. .one -third: of 'all- life 
: certain, quafificapoiui.’ to do assurance, shies and many .•.■.;•.•> -■ managers are expected to sell a 

■ It alsqinidertopl* to extend . .certain -quota of policihss each 
the right .to otherinstituupns month to keep up the level of 
wjfo a view to- sthmalaiqjg " " - - - 

mercial organization -or.- in- 
dividuaT could sol- 
icitors from the bouse transfer 
■ market ihdjtaw Society .says. 
.. In. a.5tron^y, worded brief- 
ing paper to .peers ' for "die 
second reading of the Building 
Societies'. Bill. the. society 
attacks the proposals as a 
threat to the independence of 
the profession. 

“In ho other country in the 

Western" world .are lawyers 
permitted to be employed by 

- or subordinated to arnimer- 
' cial interests 11 , it says. Once 
• lawyers could be employed by 

commercial organizations, 
their independence, and that 
of their legal advice, would be 
. gone. 

The* paper .also says: “Once 
commercial . organizations 

- have secured a foothold in the 
supply of soli coots’ services, 
how long will it be before they 

- wish -to expand to Cover all 
legal services^ including those 
ofbarristerS?" ’ 

The Bill, which has already 
passed through the Commons, 
proposes to allow conveyanc- 
ing services by a wide range of 
institutions as. well as -sole 
practitioners, subject to safe- 
guards on conflicts of interest- 

competition andTorcinga out 
in fees. ' . .- • • 

-But the society says, epp- 

V eyand ng ch^ged --by 

solicitors lave -dropped by 
30 per cent in tbe feoe . of 
government poJicyio.end die 
conveyancing monopoly -■ . 

' Competition - las • a 

firm hold,, advertising^ is 
“dearly- here tq stay “ ahd the 
Bbuse buyer has bepefited 
fitwn the drop-ait fees. ; " 
There was-no reascraforthe 
Government to h^islate fbr- 
ther. other than to fulS the 
“unwise commitment? given 
to Mr Austin v Mft^hdU MP, 
two yeans . ago when he ; .with- 
drewbis. widdy supported 
House Buyer's - Bill to break 
the conveyancing monopoly. 

The society says that the 
financial institutions do not 
want to : offer cheaper; ;berter 
services to-tbe, public they «e 
now “higWy competitive and 
aggressive and; the aim of 

r profits. Some soorttes recom- 
mend only the fewlife compa- 
nies with which they tend to 

Thatdeiri onstrates that “the 
consumer is at ride of being 
exploited by even the most 
seemingly benevolent institu- 
tions if he has no independent 
source of advice”. 

owning an estate, agency-coo- 
veyanciqg department would 

Despite the Government's 
promise that nidi institutions 
win not be allowed to emplqy 
solicitors to do conveyancing 
for a customer receiving a 
loan, that “yitaT safeguard is 
not the Bill. 

On banks, the society says 
that solicitors are often asked 
to draw wills for their custom- 
ers.' The. banks are then en- 
raged when.the solicitor points 
out to the customer that the 
bank charges often twice what 
a solicitor ' would for the 

“If banks behave like this 
over executorship,.' can they 
really be.expected togiye good 
advice to ctmveyandng cus- 


will help 

■ "• By Brin Collett 

A portrait o f Lord SUnwdl, 
pahUed aftera siting jurt dine 
days . 1 before- be died, win 
indirectly benefit charity. The 
artisVMr Waldron. West, is to 
I gfi® his. £1,500 fee to the 
appeal find at the Boyal 
MatSden HospftaL . 

Members of the . Gammons 

and Henseof Lords, many ef 
whom attended a raanorkl 
service yesterday for- Lord 
SMa®el, .are co ul rtbn ti ng to 
ibe-fee. The Royal Marsden 

specializes in the treatment of 

1 cancer. ■ 

. Mr West, agirii. 82, af East 
Grinstead, West Snme^aaid: 
rl ^painted Lord Shimrell sit- 
ting an a chair that is fike a 
throne because he was a king 
in his own 1 way. Bat I made his 
hand look as thongh it could 
^joite easily give .you a left 
hook.- That’S 7 how I- saw foe 
ch aracte r of foe man.”-. 

At the- memorial service at 
Westminster, Lord Home of 
the' Hired, tbe former Prime 
Minister, said that Lord Shm- 
wtll, who died last month aged 
lOl, was “a. respected political 
adversary and valued friend”. 

Mr NeD Kranock, the La- 
bour leader, 1 said that Lord 
Shinwell “was always aftghter 
who never picked on someone 
smaller- than himself ;6nf al- 
ways took great care to pick on 
someone feimer than irirnsrif”. 

Memorial service, page 34 

The artist Mr Waldron West worlan; 

Shinwell (Photograph: 

portrait of Lo* 


to rig elections in 
Northern Ireland 

By Shefia Gram, Political Staff 

Political extremists 'have 
been forcing elderly voters in 
Northern Ireland to hand over 
their postal ballot papers in 
attempts to rig local council 

The latest abuse of the 
polling system may have 
swung some closely fought 
elections in favour of the 
extremists. Mr Pat Bradley, 
chief electoral officer for 
Northern Ireland, disclosed in 
his 198536 report to Parlia- 
ment yesterday. 

The electoral law was 
changed last year to prevent 
the impersonation of electors. 
But that had led to a big 
increase in postal voting. . 

Mr Bradley aid it was 
difficult to identify those 
guilty' of intimidating postal 
voters, let alone convicting 
them. He emphasized 1 that the 
ploy was not confined to any 
one faction: 

He said that those involved 
obtained a list of postal voters 
and followed postmen 
While the elderly were espe- 
cially in need .-of- help in 
operating the postal vote sys- 
tem. they were, also “more 
susceptible to intimidation 
- Identification requirements 
to stop impersonation have 
been introduced. In the weeks 
before fhe last elections the 
Northern Ireland Central Ser- 
vices were asked to supply 
50,000 medical cards - one of 
the documents accepted 
“While there was controver- 
sy over the effect • of the 
requirement on the electorate, 
it did have an effect on. the 
actual, or. perceived. 1 level of 
impersonation”,. Mr Bradley 

Report of the Chief Electoral 
Officer for northern Ireland. 
1985-86 ■ (Stationery Office; 

21st century’s villages 

Two new villages to bouse 
about 2X000 people are fea- 
tured in county council plans 
for Cambridgeshire to the year 

Existing towns win have to 
be expanded, too, to cope with 
the predicted population of 
700.000 by the beginning of 
the next century, an increase 
of 70,000. on today's figure. 

according- to projections - 

Most of the developments 
will be in the poorer north of 
the county to encourage jobs. 

The proposed new villages 
will be beside the A 10 ip 
Waterbeach. which will cater 
for' a population of- I5.QG0, 
and alongside the ■ A604 at 
Swavesey, where 7.000 people 
will be housed. 

Cambridge choice 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

The Royal Greenwich Ob- 
~ servatory. at Herstmonceux 
Castle, East -Sussex, is to be 
. moved to Cambridge yni-ver- 
_ sity. in spite of a vigorous 
campaign by scientists to pre- 
vent the closure and sale of the 
. Sussex site. - 

Sir Bill Mitchell, chairman 
; of the Science and. Engineering 
Research .Council, which 
; manages the site, made ; tbe 
announcement yesterday that 
Cambridge had been chosen 
from a shortlist to rehouse the 
observatory’s -administration, 
archives and workshops. 

__ The National Maritime 
' Museum is being offered the 
continued operation ofa num- 
ber of telescopes at Hemmon- 
. ceux. known- as the Equatorial 
; - Group, and a .public exhibi- 
tion of astronomical equip- 
;menL 7 ah • > 

An option wouW be re- 
. tained. to use the Gqpatprral . 
Group for testing instruments 

Before the transfer lakes 
place new braidings 
needed. Negotiations have be- 
gun with ,'Sirj Sun Edwards, 
Vice-CTtanc^UTorof Cambridge 
University, over a location. 

. The council; said that the 
financial details were not com- 
plete: But .Wednesday’s , deci- 
sion took account’ of con- 
flicting . submissions - by 
interested groups, including 
the Royal Society, the Royal 
Astronomical Society, ..staff 
from Herstmonceux,. trades 
union representation and. in- 

before being shipped to foe 
m Henri! 

new Northern Hemisphere 
Observatory, in La Palma, in 
the Canaries, where modem 
.-£30 million telescopes ' are 
coming into service. 

Although the- submission 
■from Cambridge was recom- 
mended on Wednesday at. a 
research council meeting, the 
case for the move has to be 
prepared formally for approv- 
al -by foe Department - of 
: Education arid Science and the 

The proposed move reflects 
ai)jg change over ihepast few 
-years oftbe observatory's role. 

The emphasis has -shifted 
From providing national pub- 
lic services such as. the Nauti- 
cal Almanac andtime signals. 
30 d- from . worit onfpdeperi- 
deh t research . programmes at 
Herstmonceux. to «‘ a 
technical support leant allow- 
ing ‘all university astronomy 
foe largest modern telescopes- 

About 80 : per cent of the 
woik of Herstmonceux staff is 
connected with operating the 
La Palma telescopes for aca- 
demic astronomers in Britain. 
At any time, more than-SO/oF 
foe 180 staff from Sussex work 
at foe Northern Hemisphere 
Observatory; - ■ 

; If approved,' Henstmdhceifx 
would close about 1990. "••• 

Science report 


By A Special Conespondent 

The tricks of computer sci- 
. ence. known' as image en- 
' hahcemenLihat broagln ;foe- 
rings, of Uranus and the 
1 nucleus of Halley’s comet iti 
vivid detail on to televirion' 
screens, are being used to give 
art historians a better look at 
the legacies of the great 
masters. .... 

Techniques for peering be- 
neath a painting's surface are 
showing preliminary sketches 
in foe development, for in- 
stance, of foe grace and beauty 
of flowing garments. 

- In particular, a method 
'referred 1 to as “penefoating 
illumination” reveals foe hid- 
den layers of paint from which 
.analysts have- gathered new 
insights into foe working hab- 
its and foe individual styles of 

• great artists. 

Among some surprises, one 
group of analysts concluded 
that the "Mona' Lisa” was 
once adorned with a necklace. 
Apparently it warpairrted out 
most probably, by the artist 
Leonardo da Vinci - . 

. In addition. to a hidden 
■ string of pearT beads, foe 
computer-processed images 
■show previously .hidden traces 
of mountainous scenery in foe 
"background. 1 . 7 

* Dr John Asnnts,a phj^risi 
at foe University of California 
-in San Diego and a specialist . 
in foe use flf-computer image 
processing of satellite pictures, 
suggested its extension to 
.works of art 

. So a colour image of the 
painting was converted into 
digital ihnru suitable for com- 
puter processing, by the Jet _ 
Propulsion Laboratory in Pas- 
adena. where' foe radio trans- 
missions from interplanetary ' 
spacecraft axefirjiTec^ved for 

conversion mtoimagwi..- 

When foe “Mona Lisa” was 
concerted into a digital-code; 
computer analyses filtered out 
the individual colours oneat a 
time: as if foe scientists were 

electronically removmgfteavy 
varnish.' ' 

The work was done- by two 
computer experts^ Mr .Ralph 
Bernstfiip.'aiid Mr'.Jitwdra 
Dave, at 1 the. IBM SdentifTc 
Cep me irtP^lo Alto.,' . 

Omcials at- foe Museum ctf 
the Louvre nvParis;where-foe 
“Mona Lisa” hangs, are aston- 
ished at foe rq»rf ' 

. M Christian: Lahniev -.a 
spaialist in foe- scientific esx- 
: amiriaction of paintings there; 
said foe report from 'California 
had prompted plans . to ’expose 
foe painting: to • infra-red 
scanning • .... 

■ That should show whether 
it has been aTiered and whefo- 
er Leonaicdp first skeuied foe 
figure nr black. ; as done by 
manyf aitisls. . • ' 

The combined ose of infra- 
red and computer, processing 
is under development by an 
historians at the Metropolitan 
Museum ofArt-in NewYoik 
1 CTty 'to loo^ briow the surface 
of such 1 works as Van Cteve’s 
“Annunciation”, painted four 
and a half centuries ago. 

In Jthatcase a cbmputer.«ns 
used to piece together an infia- 
redrinnffie' showing a skeirt jin 
charcoal or sofoe .ofoer .'car- 
bon-containing material- hid- 
den 7 betieafo 4he- coloured 
paint ... • ■■ f '■ 

While' helpinghistoriarofo 
trace foe evolution of individ- 
ual styles and schools in ait 
the process will perhaps ' be 
called pnvio help in seRling 
arguments. over fotf aufoemic- 
ity ofa painting. 

.’The - paintings by Gerard 
David « Bruges, for otample, 
were sketchedTn two separate 
stages. In bladcchalk h&drew 
a rough ^outi i rie-of .less- i mpor- 
tant pans of foe Tainting. . . 

.Thai, in 5 brushed folk fie 
produced " a detailed design- 
that; was- .meuciilmisly;.- fbt 
lowed in the final painting. In 
other caset .the -great masters 
•appear toh^ve had assistant 
whose roles ate nbt clpar. ' 


. • ■ • \ \ 

For dieprice erf twelve lib packets of 
peanuts each week, you eould treat 
yourself toone 1^9(Mbcai; . 

Put auothra' way, buy a new Citroen 
2CV Special during June, July or 
August and its yours for jiKt £l9.74* 
a week. 

A Citroai 2CV still meanders from 
A to B vtfth a bare minimum of moving 
parts, (So there’s less to go wrong.). 

. And still does so on the bare mini- 

a weex. • , . * ... 

WKat do you get for such precious 

Precious little, actually. 

Teething troubles were ironed 

* • . i » i 

aiROEN 20/^“^ 

















*36 monthly repayments o( £85.55 ts equwdtnt- to appro*. £19.74 per week. 

(No-one’s ever got a full set of 
tumblers at the pumps with our frugal 
little runabout) 

For details of this and other nutty, 
offers dial. 100 and ask for Freefone 
Citroen, or write to Freepost Citroen 
at the address below. 

Alternatively, drop* in on. your 
nearest dealer. 

And hurry. 

It’s not everyday you 
get a chance to shell out 
less for a Citroen 2CV. 



■ - -*■* - ^ 

. y\. < 

By now, we hope you’ve read about the 
inequity — or should it be iniquity? - of the pro- 
posed Tape Levy. 

Certainly, if a Tape Levy becomes law by next 
session, you’re soon likely to notice even more 
conspicuous symbols of success being flaunted by 
iecord company executives and pop personalities. 

Because it’s hard to regard a levy on blank 
audio tape as anything other than icing on an 
already rich cake. 

_ Although ah copyright holders are supposed to 
benefit, the lion’s share will probably go to the fat 
cats of music. 

Home taping may often be an infringement of 
hur outdated copyright laws. But only technically. 

The vast majority of taping at home is for 

perfectly reasonable private purposes. ; : r.-i T 

Yet instead of legalising; this^ activity, 

the Government, under heavy pressure from the 
music publishing industry intends to penalise 
everyone who buys a blank tape, however innocent 
their purpose.To the tune of as much as £12 million. 

The injustice of this is clearly recognised by 
influential consumer groups y^hq dismiss a levy as 
grossly unfair Its legality under law isr also 
very questionable. ~ ” ' tC. V • 

A Tape Levy would be a travesty of justice; 
which will force the public to pay hnes tp-the 
moguls of music. 

17-19 Foley Street; London W1P 7LH. 



. .. 



-M . 'Y - A ** - 


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!!fh£s5t rorihei4fous£?bf 

.. ftaweseo tAby^.-f&r jte sevef- 
-rt^x^mecoTOniic 1 ties ;wrfffr 

- Sooth ■sfcfao^ldsiStejl fester- 

'Spoiesa^.^ ,the 

Ailra'nuiicattoiCs •, ^strong 

- opposiijo«"*lor^umUve sanc- 

■ lio^ts- TierHouse BiH would 

■ pcteHi^OBs-® sd^fe Africa 
: ana fruiter; scpaiaie. an at- 

society. ■ ; 

.- . ' Bdi^dii^'lJentoeraiS saKi 
^ th^.TOTCfcvvete? caJHDK'for.a 
* trade e^nbargoafiji, cetqpfete 

taken 'as 1 an/ mdtcauon of They 3 ] 
■Unannwons '■ .Republican -lion on 

. Tire Househad teeirexpect- 
’ed-to^pproyea mart- moder- 
ate Bill thatbaunedtheimpon 
of 'Sombc African' coal steel 
and uraniuht- ended' landing 
ngffis-fbrSotiThA fries ft Ajr- 
ways. - and \bannedL all- new 
k)ins 4 o.S(juth" Africa. ’ ; . 
j., -A 0 these"" measures ire in- 
' chided' iit.ihe' peUufris ver- 
sion; :tmt This also calls' on US 

They plso hope to keep atten- 
tion on'Biiltso and USopposi- 
tiioffioan enfpargo. 

- African countries win no 
longer tolerate seeing -South 
Africa simply condemned by 
ihe. AWest-.itor will they be 
satisfied with selective volun- 
tary sanctions designed to 
have a carefully-measured ef- 
fect on South -Africa, and at 
the same time inflict the least 
barm on Western investors. 

'■ 'In . Wednesday’s Security 



» : v.. 


. * p 

♦ r: '.TV .. 

- -r.nifc' 

■ T " 

, £ >\7 

-t V ■? 
i V • ’ 

on:' c^e^Adininistc^ron - for 
barsher.inea^nre&v.^ ' !. y. „ .' 

'Copfpaaies to jmll out of the--. Council; 'debate, .12 countries 
coon tty within - ISO dhysof die voted, for sanctions: 10 punish 

fiOl becom mg 'few. - South Africa for the raid on 

:'-:;'Pesptte ..'thei ‘RepubHcan - Angola in which three Soviet 
: pjoy.: the t Democrats insisted . and Cuban tankers were hit. 
the ; vote - -sent " .a- ’ powerful ■ France abstained! but the 
poetical .signal, to both -the- architects of the defeated draft 
White Hda^and Pradria.; did not bother to negotiate 
.- M>,Thdmas;*T«r* 0 'Nein. " changes which would have 
tfa£^peak'er,'sajd;fThe. House . allowed France to accept, the 
has condemned apartheid' in -resolution. 

rnafibe^’of -the .Hpuse" sirt* 
commfrtieeioa AfricaiWid. 

• GafitpmoD^ocrafc andau- 
ihor*of- the^vmeasure.' -said; 
■ “What we didisgorog thrive 
a iTejaendons. ■' boosts to >bx 

heid.-wdveraentr .- v~ •••/- 

Republicans,-, WftO'oppqse 
punitive sai^nioai-also-vtaed 
for lfr$ measureasramanoeu- 
yr^le spare Pre$ ident-Reagan 
the embarras&nmil of teying 
to vetoa-sanclKM^KlL.-;. 

Several admitted, they had 
voted; foe ; 'a ,t*tptally 

ih£ Strongest-possible terms.’'. 
He. called on .Mr-fyeagan 10 
lendsihe. moral -force .of his 
office . to a cause shared by 
mosi-Americans. - - ■ 

• NEW, ;YORK: : Despite place. . 

Wednesday’s US and British 
Seotrfty Council vetp of sanc- 
tions against Pretoria.' African 
countnes areexpectedto con- 
tinue pressing foraneconorrac 
ejnbargo. (Zoriana Pysariwsky 
writes). - ' • 

Mr Tambo speakingjo , 

- Geneva yesterday. . 

Tambo call 
for union 

From Almt McGregor 
- Geneva ■ 

A caD .10 The' world- trade 
union' movement to me its 
power to bring^whh 
South Africaio a halt, without 
waiting for governments to. 
act was made yesterday by! far 
Oliver Tambo. chamnan of 
the African ' National 

“We urge thishedoneasihe 
workers’ own. contribution to 
the promotion of as peaceful a 
resolution of the South Afri-. 
can problem as posable.*! he 
told the Imermdional Labour 

Mr Tambo said the only 
waythe intennuipnal ! Copmiu- 
nity jcouW. prevent Preukia 
from resorting to further .vio- 
lence was by imposiDg.mean- 
ingfol sanctions, to redtipe-the 
capacity- of the JSotha Govern- 
ment to carry out-its'seheraes. 

. Already, the refusal last year 
by international banks 'tef.roll 
over South Africa'-s loaws had 
shown “how vulnerable South 
Africa is to effedtiyesanciitws. 

“We cannot -bpi. note pad 
deplore m therstrongest terms 
the stubborn; re&isal - oft-ffie 
majdrTWeSern.^ovws . to; tfee 
the one weapon -'of .peaceful 

6,000 vole 
for wWit^ 
water oid j 

Jtet Ehateth.fReute-) 

White residents ra this Jesas«# 

eastern 1 Cape- coastal tearie 
have-voted jypun^j epgateg 
. their beadies tp people <of 
other races. ';! . ■ 

^Tte/dlyT* . co ao^ ^ aa- 

sc emnteil decsstuTte 
open • .the . note ' wtntes-paly 
b enches to aB Maces.- So^e 
5,600 otbersbackedthecBOB- 
cfl resolution.; ■ ; • .-. 

The farri^it Reuo m l i t ut cd 
National Fa ty^fHNP ) ^^ 

earlier !!flus 

stpcterfinwhal weean telfour satisfied, h contains material 
:• ? q 9 ,ose 5S.» n l of a;“subv ? r 5 nature”^ in 

stale-cpirtroHed effect,- x newspaper can be 
■ ' ^ -an-even dosed down overnight. . 

greaicr depn vation. ^ -n :is this threat — - against 

; MrA^grey a senior there is no legal appeal 

< celuauustp^j^ SbAWMir. the _ Hat is at the back of every 
. mam^xrjwntten by and Tor . editor's mind as he attempts 
^ i ^ -lohann^bu rg t o steer bis newspaper through 
' area.- ^Jd Jie alsp^JWieved ^ minefield of curbs and 
CHOilariqn was up. ^The less restrictions contained in the 
l.tnloriTOtioa gete put, tne more emergency regulations some 
people want to find ppl what is 0 f item unequivocal and spe- 
. pjmg. on .sp . they wffl take ^ . but others vaguely 
whatever they can gEt,*: . he defi ne d. . 

SU fTato . though. !he im- 

ifc^so thouriit the im- Most neWspapere are con- 

• impounded-last week. • Jf* 10 te Omitted or 
. . Physical imerierence by the curtailed, 
police whh the production of . fSome have used the blank 
newspapers .has so. far ' been . space technique to good effect. 

. fejrrly limited, but! they .have Others publish a daily diary of 
visited some newspaper, of incidents which. the emetgen- 
. see the proolsof cy lam bave ; prevented them 
‘ the n«i day’s «Ctjon^ V , . 7 from! enlarging, on. 

of piilltical prisoners 

v- • ’ ’ J^rom Frank Johuwn. Bonn * 

.The Fbreign South Africa!, but said 
Mm'tster, Hert Hans Dietrich "Appropriate.- measures" 
GensdS^* aid yesterday he should be adopted at the 
^d-inot betevel South Africa Common Market summit in 
codd .‘.become 1 eommunist. .The Hague nttt week. 

TTie : . -posribifiry; ; cotrfd only His speech reflected Bonn’s 
arise if pi^ent racMl unrest tendency lo stfy m Step .with 
' <fcy doped hncLrace War, , he Briiafn on die sanctions issue. 
toKf tteBnmkaag;.- •* - . " ' ^6nn beHeyes some son of 

. . As-a-first,step, : -a.prtitical ‘ sanctions, or “measures”, are 
drmaleTnast be createdaflow- inevitable. • 
tng'^dial^tie ofalFgroups in v Tbe West German: Govem- 
Sbutb Afirua-Tfeis wowM irf- . jneni doesmbt want Britain to 
votve^the^rtetag ofall poHii- ; be isoBated in the EEC on the 
caf fniSoners aDdrthe hfting of .'.issue, Bonn is here following 

. <Lu'LiMkwi A.G4m . ■. ' :i • .t 

‘ nbfe to^upp^-tte jwincifrfeof . tries. Britain. France and 
WXnomie . sarierians against ; jtsd£ '. 

38otha says Thatcher 
hs^ to Veto sanctions 

!!!_^^- -" •’ . By OmToreign staff 

es fromJu ly I-:; > 

‘Hie controversy, boitefer,.fe 
sot over .The coimdl mustmnv 
report to : the gorerninart- 
appomted , Adnrinistrator'of 
the Cape prormce, Mr Gene 
Lobw, far a fmai decfeiooL. - 

Certaip uackgrocrnd udw- 
mation caaaot be^prorided m 
terms of puss t«affl(sh£> 
udder tte«tate«fo uei^ency. 

Meanwhile, llohahhes- 

repoded -that a black woman 
vhosvm *527400 0} 

home -in . a : conqjedtk#- after 
Iht« n a.pvafefer lOjears 

camwtfrnoVeinhecanse it ; is fit' 

a whfte-safwii. 

. Mr RlF. (Pik)Bblh 2 u South 

- A fri qa's Toreign Miri isier, yes- 
lerday said Mrs THaichers 
-rqeciiOB of- impwitig .sanc-. 
tions ^nst his coantry . was 
bbtne out, -of. ter own^elf- 
interesr and the Hteed- io ; prt>- 
teclthonsandsofjobs, • 

He said! the veto by Britain 
. and" the Ufiitetf. States bn 
; Wednesday inigfifs United 
Naliops SecurnyCbundlres- 
olutiori to impoSe economic 
^sanqtions wasjkjt “subject to a 

' ! MfBodjawasspeakingby 

- satellite, from -Cape Town to 

:pcl^SisspBv'ofTrK s-Chan- 
ijel four news in.-tris first 
mtervfew wiih British- idevi- 
siofh since vuie. South' 'African 
Govern nienT-deciared a sate 
of emeipbncy lasi ‘ \ 

;f“fbe taand' ihii- Britain. 
-. Amcpca!! Geroiany ;ahd- to a 

certain, daree. France, is. tak- 
ing is in the interests of those 
governments. They, are con- 
. 'corned about unemployment 
' - the hundreds of thousands 
of jobs that might be Idsl” 

Mr Boiha daimed Britain 
was ;fearful of demands from 
1 South : Africa's neighbouring 
• states for compensation 
should - sanctions hit their 
.economies. “In the end these 
'.countries .will come and ask 
the. .British Government to 
.make good losses that might 
am into . billions and billions 
of pounds.*' • 

Mr. Botha told Mr Sissons 
his Government was willing to 
'release Mr Nelson Mandela, 
.the black nationalist. leader. 

' ; “He is keeping himself in 
JjyL AH- .he , has to do is 
renoubce violence ' aa# then 
be- 5 - welcome to join us at the 
conference table. • 

Basque hotel bomb injures 
businessman in Seville 

. . Despite. the British and US 
vetoes^ the two coymries were 
harsh .in their condemnation 
Of. the ' Angolan raid, which 
South Africa denied ever took 

■ Mr Ehsio de Figueiredo. the 
Arslan representative, said 
the vetoes} led his Government 
to feelings of frustration and 
despair. The vetoes defied and 
violated the UN charter, he 

Blank spaces lift 
newspaper sales 

* - • FronrMidrael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Some -South African ’news- ' Under the emergency r^»- 
jjaffera-haye reppr^ any member, of the 

. Cftarea cffculations . smee .police force Or the Army can, 
severe contjtis.wereplaeedon without warrant, enter and 
whallhey can repoij toder-the seareh any burWing and seize 
rational, siafc of . emergency aj jy material he considers a 
..dedarcd tet wedt By Prest- public safety, 
dent RW.Botha. . ... . in- addition, Mr -Louis Le 

-We, bdieve we. had; the Grange, the Minister of Law 
highest daily euculatipo ever and Older, or someone autho- 
Jast Monday,” said Mr Bex tized by him, can order the 

A Spanish businessman was 
slightly injured yesterday 
when a bomb went off in his 
room in the four-star 
MacarenaSol hotel.iiv Seville. 

He was the fust person to be 
injured in the 'current cam- 
paign by Eta. the Basque 
armed separatist organization, 
to disrupt Spam's tourist 

Sefior Juan Gil, aged 35, 
who worked in Castiile for (he 
lubricants branch of a Spanish 
chemicals and explosives 
firm, was taken to hospital, 
but released later. The room 

50 miles 


Seville f TorramoBnos 

May 27 
June 15 
June 17 

May 31 ^fefejunel/ 

From Richard -Wigg, Madrid 

was badly damaged. 

The bomb, which had been 
placed in the wardrobe in the 
fourth tToor bedroom, weni off 
about 7 am. The other 350 
guests at the hotel, including 
tourists, had been evacuated, 
the management said, after a 
20-minutes warning given by 
a caller speaking on behalf of 
Eta. Police were inspecting the 
hotel when the bomb went off. 

Eta apparently switched its 
campaign from the Costa del 
Sol resorts to Andalusia's 
inland capital yesterday when 
there was a bomb alert at 
■ ■■ - ■ ■ 



■ *fni 




Seville's best known hotel, the 

five-star Alfonso XIH. 

A man telephoned at 6 am 
saying he was speaking from 
Bilbao on behalf of Eta and 
that an explosive device had 
been planted in the hotel or 
near by. The 350 guests stay- 
ing there were evacuated but 
the call proved to be a hoax. 

Seville's civil governor, an 
official representing the Ma- 
drid central Government de- 
clined to issue any statement 
yesterday, maintaining there 
was no need to alarm the local 

On Wednesday a Torre- 
molinos hotel uas damaged 
by a bomb, while a second 
hotel in the same resort re- 
ceived what proved lo be a 
false alarm. 

The bomb in. the Seville 
Macarena Sol hotel yesterday 
was the eighth to go off in an 
Andalusian hotel since Eta 
started its campaign late last 
month. A ninth bomb explod- 
ed late last month in a 
Benidorm hotel near Alican- 
te. farther east along the 
Mediterranean coast. In four 
other coastal hotels police 
managed to defuse bombs 
before they went off. 

EEC air fares plans crash 

From Richard Owen, Luxemburg 

The EEC Commission's at- 
tempt to present European 
Transport Ministers with as 
ultimatum over lower air feres 
and an end 10 airline cartels 
ended in scenes of acrimony 
and chaos yesterday when the 
ministers refused to discuss 
* die Commission's proposals. 
-Mrs Nelie Srail-Kroes, the 
Dutch Transport Minister and 
■ current president of the Trans- 
port Council abruptly ad- 
journed the meeting until 
June 30, the final day of the 
Netherlands’ EEC presidency, 
despite vigorous protests from 

surge for 

From Diana Geddes 
. Paris 

Just three months after the 
Socialists* defeat in the parlia- 
• mehtary elections. President 
- Mitterrand's popularity is 
; back at the record level it 
attained in the period follow- 
ing bis election in May 1981. 
while the popularity of M 
Jacques Chirac, his G3ullist 
. Prime Minister, is in decline. 

A BVA poll published yes- 
terday gives President Mit- 
terrand a 6J per cent rating, up 
seven points from ihe previ- 
ous month. His popularity has 
been rising since last Septem- 
ber after falling to an all-time 
low of 32 per cenL M Chirac 
fell three points to 49 per cent. 

The proportion of people | 
dissatisfied with the Govern- 
ment has jumped 13 points 10 
60*ier cent- For the first time 
since the elections, the poll ; 
shows, a narrow majority of 
. people considering “cohab- 
itation" a ted thing for 

Mr Peter Sutherland, the 
Commissioner for Competi- 
tion, and Mr Stanley Ginton 
Davis, the Coramisioner for 

Ministers complained an- 
grily that by tabling its propos- 
als on the eve of the Council 
the Commission had left no 
lime for discussion and was 
trying to force through its 
scheme for the liberalization 
of air transport. 

West Germany and France 
oppose the Commission's pro- 
posals, under which present 

price fixing and capacity shar- 
ing agreements would be 
invalid and EEC governments 
could only protea national 
airlines if their share routes 
fell below 25 per cent of the ■ 

The Commission also wants 
a system of discount and 
“deep discount” air fares. 
Britain and the Netherlands 
support the thrust of the 
proposal and Mr John 
Moore. Britain's new Trans- 
port Minister, wanted the 
debate to go ahead. Commis- 
sion sources said. 

Ship hijack leader 
denies murder 

sees votes 
in Mexico 

From Richard Wigg 

Spain's 5-1 World Cup vic- 
tory over Denmark led to 
euphoria yesterday and a rap- 
id attempt by Schor Felipe 
Gonzalez, the Prime Minister, 
to associate himself with the 
success in the evident hope 
that this would help ensure a 
second four-year term in 
Sunday's general election. 

Getting through to the quar- 
ter finals means Spaniards will 
be hoping for further success 
as they vote, since Sunday's 
match against Belgium will be 
played four hours after polling 
stations have closed. 

Thousands of young Span- 
iards. many disenchanted 
with politicians, paraded 
through the streets here shout- 
ing “Buitre for Prime 
Minister”, in honour of the 
centre-forward- Emilio 
Buiragueno. who scored four 
of Spain's five goals. 

Sehor Gonzalez participat- 
ed in a radio programme to 
congratulate Spain's manager 
and talk with the players and j 
with Spain's best-known foot- 
ball commentator. 

King Juan Carlos an- 
nounced after the match that 
if Spain gets through to the 
final round he will be in 
Mexico to spur on the national 
side. “They played divinely,” 
he declared. 

In Melilla. the Spanish en- 
clave in North Africa, football 
enthusiasm took on an ugly ' 
tone and police had to prevent 
an attack on the home of 
Aomar Mohamedi Dudu. the 
local Muslim leader, by a large 
crowd of young Spaniards. 

In a protest against the 
authorities' reluctance to give 
many local Muslims national- 
ity. Melilla's Muslim leaders 
have announced they will be 
holding a “parallel election” 
on Sunday. 

Butragueno emerges, page 28 

High toll 
in Peru 





Grand Canyon Village, Ari- 
zona f API — The collision of a 
helicopter and a twin-engined 
sightseeing plane over the 
Grand Canyon that killed 25 
people, including 14 foreign 
tounsts. may help end unregu- 
lated flights over national 
porks, a Congressman says. ' 

Emergency crews reached 
the crash site on a sloping shiglf 
one mile from the Colorado 
River and 2.000ft above jt 
yesterday, and were to begin 
removing bodies to a tempo- 
rary morgue and then 10 
Flagstaff. 130 miles away. 

“As is so often the case, it 
takes a sad iragedy'likc this to 
point out the need for some 
reasonable safeguards,” Rep- 
resentative Richard Lehman, 
a member of the House sub- 
committee on national parks 
and recreation, said of 
Wednesday's collision. 

Scientists in 
SDI warning 

Washington — More than 
1.600 scientists working in 
leading government and in- 
dustrial laboratories yesterday 
signed a letter warning Con- 
gress that the Reagan Admin- 
istration was pushing ahead 
too fast with ihe Strategic 
Defence Initiative, and was 
risking a “significant escala- 
tion of the arms race" (Mi- 
chael Binyon writes). 

Princess Anne 
off to Canada 

Princess Anne, president of 
the British Olympic Associa- 
tion, flies 10 Canada today lo 
inspect the sites for the 1988 
Winter Olympics in Calgary. 

The Princess will then fly to 
join her husband. Captain 
Mark Phillips, in Toronto, 
and to carry out official en- 
gagements in Ontario and 
New Brunswick (Alan Hamil- 
ton writes). 

Train crash 

Rome (Reuter) - Twenty- 
five people were injured, but 
none seriously, yesterday 
when a passenger train ran 
into a stationary locomotive 
at Rome's Flam in ia station, 
railway authorities said. 

Struck off 

Tokyo (AP) - The Imperial 
Household Agency has sus- 
pended sales of gold medals 
bearing a portrait of Emperor 
Hirohito because use of his 
image is unsuitable in a profit- 
making venture, an agency 
official said yesterday. 

President ill 

Peking (Reuter) — China's 
80-yea r-old President Li 
Xiannian. who has missed at 
least two scheduled official 
meetings in the past month, is 
in hospital Premier Zhao 
Ziyang said yesterday. But he 
declined to ay what was 
wrong with the President 

Pilot killed 

Naples (AP) — A US Navy 
fighter pilot was killed on 
Wednesday after ejecting from 
his FI 4 aircraft over the 
Mediterranean, a Sixth Flea 
spokesman said yesterday. 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

jail riots Killer heat 

The leader of the Arab 
hijackers of the Italian cruise 
ship Achfile Laura told a 
Genoa court yesterday that he 
and his three companions had 
no part in the death of Leon 
Klinghoffer, the American 
passenger with whose murder 
they are charged. 

Majied AJ Molqi. who is 
accused of having fired the 
fatal shots, said: “I neither saw 
him nor killed him. None of 
us killed anyone. Klinghoffer 
was not on the ship. This is a 
game between Syria and 

Reminded that in an earlier 
statement he had said he 
killed Klinghoffer with one 
bullet in the head followed by 
another in the chest and then 
made the ship’s crew throw 
the corpse ■ into the sea. he 
replied: “This is not true. 
None of us saw. him." 

He said the purpose of the 
hijack was to attack the Israe- 
lis in the port of Ashdod which 

was on the Achille Laura's 
itinerary. “Once in the port we 
were supposed to round up the 
greatest number possible of 
Israelis and then ask for the 
intervention of the Red Cross 
so that we could negotiate. If 
the plan failed we were to die." 

A steward discovered their 
arms and so they had to 
change plans and hijack the 
ship. The hearings continue 
today with the questioning of 
the other accused and. if time 
permits, the first witnesses. 

• ATHENS: A bomb explod- 
ed at the office of the Italian 
Chamber of Commerce in 
Athens yesterday and an unex- 
pioded bomb was found at the 
Italian Consulate in the city', 
police said (Reuter repons). 

Western diplomats said the 
incidents were probably con- 
nected with the Genoa trial. It 
was the first time ihe Italians 
had become a target for at- 
tacks in Greece. 

Lima (Reuter) — Peruvian 
troops fought pitched tellies 
with leftist guerrillas at two 
Lima prisons yesterday and a 
military communique said the 
death toll was high. 

The violence flared as so- 
cialist parties from around the 
world prepared to start 3 
congress in the Peruvian 

The military communique 
said fierce fighting continued 
at the island prison of El 
Fronton, but that troops had 
now put down a rebellion at 
Luriganeho jail. 

“There have been a large 
number of deaths “ the com- 
munique said- It added that 1 3 
soldiers were wounded at 
Luriganeho. five of them 

It said a revolt at a third jail, 
the women's prison of Santa 
Barbara, had been put down. 
Two inmates died and four 
were wounded, the military 

Delhi (AFP) - The death 
ton in a heatwave which has 
hit northern India in the last 
two weeks rose to 60 yesterday 
as repons from the western 
state of Rajasthan said ; 16 
people had died there in the 
past week. 

Ariane date 

Bonn (Reuter) — The Euro- 
pean Ariane satellite launch 
programme should be back on 
course by the end of this year 
after two recent aborted lift- 
offs. the Arianespace presi- 
dent. M Frederic d'AUeju 

Kenya pledge 

Nairobi (Reuter) — The 
Kenyan Government has re- 
assured foreign companies 
that their investments in the 
country are safe despite- a 
statement by President Moi 
that Kenyans should control 
joint ventures. 

One hundred years of Greek studies for Britons 

From Mario Modiano 

' When the British School 
was first established in Athens 
100 years ago with the help of 
the Prince of Wales, afl a 
diligent archaeologist needed 
to make a name for himself 
was a copy of Paosanias's 
Travels through Greece, a trea- 
sure-hunter's flair, and the 
inevitable pith helmet and 

Not so today. As the school 
celebrates its centenary' this 
week, its Fitch Laboratory can 
•boost an atomic absorption 
s pedometer that will instantly 
identify the origin of a pot- 
sherd. and a multitude of bi- 
teeb gadgets that can scan the 
rains of-a buried palace, date 
indent objects or, in general 
prove or disprove a scholar's 
pet theories at the touch of a 
computer key. 

Is archaeology losing the 
mystique of doubt and contro-_ 
versy 00 which it has thrived 
since Sir Arthur Evans discov- 
ered the Minton civilization of 
Knossos at the turn of the 

The spiralling cost of land 
expropriation and labour 
might induce greater reliance 
on scientific exploration at the 
expense of field work, but Dr 
Richard Jones, who runs (bis 
unusual laboratory, offers a 
consoling though f:“Too much 
effort bas been put into the 
over-sophistication of scientif- 
ic aids . to. archaeology,”- he 
says. “My experience is that 
tbe simpler techuiques are still 
the more effective.” 

The- British School has 
come a long nay since its first 
director. Francis Penrose, had 
a “suitable house” built for it 
in an othe grove at tbe foot of 

Mount Lycabettus, on a plot 
offered by the Greek authori- 
ties in tt hat was (ten country- 
side for . the lOtlOOD-odd 
inhabitants of Athens. 

Today, it is an oasis of well- 
tended gardens and trees in 
the middle oF the concrete- 
and -asphalt megalopolis. 

Within the span of a centu- 
ry, the school's contribution to 
tbe development of archaeolo- 
gy in Greece has been substan- 
tial. Between Penrose's first 
excavation in 1886 in tbe 
Temple of Olympian Zeus on 
the outskirts of ihe old city, 
and the latest British dig this 
year in Epirus, which is proba- 
bly one of tbe earliest sites of 
human occupation in Greece, 
more than 100 archaeological 
sites were explored. 

Dr Hector Catling, tbe 
school's director, believes that 

perhaps the glamour of ar- 
chaeological discovery may 
have over-shadowed the 
school's less conspicuous but 
equally important achieve- 
ments in the study and re- 
search of practically every 
aspect of Greek culture, histo- 
ry and topography. 

Tens of thousands of stu- 
dents and scholars of several 
nationalities took advantage of 
the school's facilities during 
its lifespan. Each year British 
university undergraduates are 
offered field trips in Greece, 
and on alternate years teach- 
ers or classics come from 
Britain for a refresher course. 

- “I feel that we must sustain 
efforts to keep alive the leach- 
ing of classical education, 
which is now going through 
difficult times.” Dr Catling 

As a mark of gratitude to the 
Greeks for a century of hospi- 
tality'. the school, which is 
supported by a British Acade- 
my grant for the humanities, 
set up this year a bursary fund 
for Greek and Cypriot schol- 
ars to do post-graduate work 
in Britain. 

The fund Is being endowed 
from a centenary appeal for 
£500,000 (equal to the school's 
total cost for two years). Half 
of this will pay for an exten- 
sion of its 60.000-volmne li- 
brary. So far. £350,000 has 
been raised in Greece and in 

A separate gift of £25,000 
will help provide the laborato- 
ry «>tb a bio-archaeological 
unit to identify and analyze 
plants and animals found in 
excavations for tbe study of 
ancient food economy. 

Labour camp 
threat for 
Russians on 
the fiddle 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

The Kremlin has launched a come has become a serious, 
•eeping drive against bribery problem due, among other 




sweeping drive against bribery 
and corruption, with the pass- 
ing of a series of Draconian 
decrees at the closing session 
yesterday of the bi-annual 
meeting of the Supreme Sovi- 
et, the Soviet parliament 

Under the new laws, a 
labour-camp term of two years 
is specified for those convict- 
ed of making false declara- 
tions about their sources of 
income on a controversial 
form which will have to be 
filled oiit by any citizen wish- 
ing to'make a* purchase worth 
more than the equivalent of 
£ 10 , 000 . . 

Western sources said the 
laws, which also include an 
attempt to crack down on 
enterprises producing shoddy 

things, to the drop in public 
discipline which has occurred 
in the 1970s and the beginning 
of the 80s ... the main source 
of unearned income is crimi- 
nal activity; embezzelemnt, 
bribery, speculation, 

He said 40 per cent of 
dachas (summer houses) were 
being built with the illegal use 
of state equipment 

“Household electricity and 
gas is being being stolen, 
construction materials are ac- 
quired illegally, gambling has 
become widespread. Society 
cannot pul up with this." \ 

Commenting on the new; 
laws, due to come into effect 
on July 1. Mr Vladimir 
Kuzmin, a senior official at 


’The Chinese Communist Party leader, Mr Hu Yaobang, with President MUtmand yesterday at the end of his visit to Paris. 

• /i“. IVUZ.UUU. d OSilUXJi Utnvioi Bl 

goods, were some of the most t | ie Ministry of Justice, said: 
far-reaching passed m the “Groups 0 f people have ap- 
Sovjet Union in recent year* in omsociety with 

W \!ri^f e -7 e Jwf e >? Ce dearly-defined private owner- 
Ship aspiration* and with a 
had decided to follow his 1985 ^mpt f or public interests, 
campaign agamfl alcohobsm 0ne or mother, they trv 
with an equally difficult drive ,u„ 

Mitterrand settles date for 
Chinese nuclear plant deal 

with an equally difficult drive 
to root out the. booming 
"black economy” ' . 

to live at the expense of others. 

Mr Kuzmin said that under 
the new laws, bribe-taking on 

The roost significant of the a large scale could be punished 
new decrees . passed unani- bv the death sentence. 

piously by the 5.000 deputies 'The fine for the driver of a 
is designed to eliminate “un- state-owned vehicle who used 
earned income”, cash made it for his own profit has been 
illegally in a number of ways, increased from the equivalent 
including gambling, black of £100 to £1,000. 
marketeering, and moon- The Supreme Soviet also 
lighting. passed Mr Gorbachov's first 

Mr A. Rekunkov. the Soviet five-year plan, covering devel- 
Prosecuior-General, told opment of the economy until 
l=\esria that “unearned in- 1990. 

including gambling, black 
marketeering, and moon- 

Mr A. Rekunkov, the Soviet 
Prosecutor-General, told 
In-esria that “unearned in- 

From Diana Geddes 

Mr Hu Yaobang, First Sec- 
retary of the Chinese Commu- 
nist Party, left Paris for Rome 
yesterday after expressing his 
“complete satisfaction” with 
the third stage of his European 
tour. He said it had been 
“crowned with success,” as 
had his earlier visits to Lon- 
don and Bonn. 

Content though both the 
Chinese and the French 
seemed with Mr Hu's four-day 
official visit to France, noth- 
ing particularly concrete or 

spectacular emerged from his 
talks with French leaders, 
apart from the fixing of a date 
— in mid-October - for sign- 
ing a final agreement on the 
construction of a nuclear pow- 
er station near Canton. 

At a joint press conference 
in Paris yesterday. President 
Mitterrand and Mr Hu said 
that although their countries 
had differences, their views 
were usually very similar on 
the broad international situa- 

Asked for his views on an 

eventual nuclear test ban, Mr 
Hu said that China had always 
advocated a complete destruc- 
tion of all nuclear weapons. 

Commenting on reports of 
differences ■ between 
“conservatives” . . . and 
“reformists” within the Chi-. 

fight oyer 
land swap 

Delhi (Reuter) — Fights 
broke out in Punjab's Slate 
Assembly yesterday,- over a 
plan to swap 70,000 acres of 
land for the' capital of 

Trust of -India 

nese Coram un isl_Party, Jvir said about 25 dissident parlia- 
Hu said it was inevitable mentarians of the ruling Akali 
that different points of view a moderate Sikh 

were put forward at certain grouping, dragged the Speak- 
moments rathe discussion of ^ Mr Singh 

broad political orientations. 

But when the moment came to 
take a decision, “we are always 

Colombian church seeks more security for Pope’s visit 

From Geoffrey Matthews 

Colombia ’s^Roman Catholic 
Church has called on the auth- 
orities to provide even more 
stringent security for the Pope 
than already planned daring 
his visit to the country next 
month, while yet again appeal- 
ing to subversive groups to 
abandon the armed struggle 
after the Interior Minister's 
escape ‘from an April 19 
Movement (M-19) as- 
sassination squad early this 

It is now certain that when 
the Pope arrives here for a 
seven-day visit in the first 

week of July he will encounter 
a country living under a state 
of siege, as indeed it has been 
— except for brief interludes — 
since the early 1950s when 
emergency powers were first 

When M-19 ambushed the 

is said by President Be tan cur's 
office to be in indefinite abey- 
ance. and it seems inevitable 
that his successor, Senor Vir- 
gilio Barco Vargas, wfll take 
office on August 7 with the 
state of siege in place. 

President Betancnr, an inde- 

chauffear-driren iimoasiae of pendent conservative, was the 
Minister of the lnterior, Seflor first president in modern times 

Jaime Castro, in Bogota early 
on Tuesday morning he was 
telling a radio journalist he 
favoured the lifting of the state 
of siege — he was on his way to 
a Cabinet meeting which was 
widely expected to do just that. 

to begin his four-year term (in 
1982) resolntely determined 
not to rale with emergency 
powers. He tried to negotiate 
peace with the nation's various 
guerrilla groups and managed 

southern Colombia - 

In May 1984, the state of 
siege was extended nationwide 
after Colombia was rocked by 
the activities of powerful co- 
caine barons, whose hit-men 
assassinated the Justice M ro- 
ister, Sefior Rodrigo Lara 
Bonilla, who had waged a 
courageous camp aign to drive 
the drug mafia out of business. 

Seflor Castro's narrow es- 
cape from death — more 
through luck than anything 
else— was described by the Mb 
19gronpas a reprisal for the . 
bloodbath which resulted - 

widely expected to do just mat. -m do so for 20~ months before ~-bSoodbafli which resulted 
Now all consideration of bong forced to impose a state when Government troops end- 
ending the emergency powers of siege in four departments of ed the M-19 siege of the Pal- 

ace of Justice in Bogota last 

The report by two jurists on 
the administration's manage-, 
meat of that, crisis had been 
bobbing, around Gke a hot 
potato for at least two weeks. 
It was finally published on 
Senor Castio’s recommenda- 
tion, before the attempt on his 
life on Wednesday, and proved 
to be something of an 

Although it was widely fore- 
cast that ft. would harshly 
criticize Seftor Betancnr and 
. BaVDefence Minister, General 
Miguel .; Vega Uribe, it is 
comparatively mild. . . 

er. Mr Surjit Singh Mihas, 
.from his chair and knocked off 
his turban. * 

The swap was the key to a 
plan put up last week by the 
central Government torestore , 
peace to the strife-tom north . 
Indian state. • • I 

The land — 0.5 per cent of; 
the majority Sikh state — 
stood in the way of a deal with 
neighbouring Haryana, a 
mainly Hindu state which 
would make the city of Chan- 
digarh. presently the shared ; 
capital of both states, the j 
capital of Punjab only. 

• The deal was scheduled for 
tomorrow, but the Punjab 
Government of Mr Suijit 
Singh Bamala has demanded 
its revision. • • 

Fears for the accord rose 
after talks on , Wednesday, 
night between Mr Bamala and ' 
two sepib? aittesof the Prime . 
Minister Mr Rqjiv Gandhi.:' 
ended in apparent failure. 

Oslo: . Nonray jjgj 
more affected by the dW BW 

prices titan any other Europe- 
an Gauntry.' It Is in Its "*>* 
almost -an' old-fashioned 
nifty tale. A country retires 
a rift from the fates of which it 
fails to take foil advantage, 
and then suddenly firias 

the liquid. , gold has changed 
into a orach baser metal. 

This is not, itls line, exactly 

a .story of riches to rags. As 
one walks around Oslo today, 
one is net consumed with com- 
passion for Norwegian pover- 
ty. There fa new hmMzng 
everywhere. Byany stan dards , 
thk fa tbe prosperous capital 
ofaweafthy country. — 
-Yet there has been an 
rapt transformation^ A. W* 
rce-of-paymehts ampins, of 
more than 25 maSeh kroner 
(£22 million) test year tes 
swung into an expected defiat 
of- almost rite same sum this 
year. A loss of 6 per cent in 
real, income fa raftnfated for 

effect ( hi conntry 

the current year. This fa bmnnJ 

fobe a Jnt of a shock, even for 
the affluent- " -J 

r ■ Mr HeraHxLSkaaland, the 
DheCtor of the Bank of Nor- 
way, told, me he fa*, not con- 
vatced that oil Jnsnch quanti- 
ties was ever a blessing to 
Norway.vl can see what be 
meant: oil bas brought not one 
hut two disruptions totbe Nor; 
wegfan economy. ,, 
'T hk was, a country with a 
hi gh {standard of tiring even 
-before oiLBnt it was an imbal- 
anced economy, heavily de- 
pendent upon shipping. So ou 
brought the prospect not just 
ufstm higher living standards, 
•but afeo of creating -a more va- 
~ried economy: Yet in fact it had' 
a disruptive effect because 
Norway was not ready for it 
On risitsin the nnd-70s, 1 
used to Norwegian bnsmess- 
men in other industries la- 
menting that the coming of oil 
bad made it more difficult for 
them to compete international- 
ly. It. had pushed op wage 
.rates, draws away skilled 
staff, and sent the value of the 
kroner soaring 

" Then in the 80s, Norway 
began to cope better with, its 
benefaction. Mote eng i nee rs 
_and getifogfafa had beat train- 
ed: Wage increases ware not so 
excessive,' ahd from' 1978 to 
1983, government spending 
did not increase at the same 
rate as the oil revenues. All file 
state's foreign debt has been 

. Bat thee m 1983 the Con- 
servative Government did bad- 
ly in local elections, - and 
evidently, concluded that its 
.policies of restraint were pom 
.politics, evim ft timwere good . 
economics. So the GpvenmieBt : 
derided, to speuCrowe^ 1 
* fTbe^fpanSkm tojitltiq far 


restraint, baton how much and 
■ how it steroid be apptioL By 
raising indkect (axes?- By 
phasing out incom e fax con* 

cessions which putiedmj 
. bends th e better-off? Bjr .re- 

: ft fa a depressiegly familiar 
argument to British ears. Yet 
just. as the coning ofofl us 

not such a boon as the N«we- 

gfans at first haagfacd, sprite 

Lock-out was a* . 
isolated episode . 

drop in its value now need not 
r be such a catastrophe. In epch 
case, the Nerwegfan response 
fathe decisive factor. 

- : Hie recent leek-oat «f more 
vhan 1 09,800 workers may 
have suggested that Norway 
was losing its famed stability 
m indnstrial relations. But this 
seems to hare been an isolated 
episode, a misconceived at- 
tempt on the part of employ era 
to bring to a head difficult, 
negotiations on working boors. 

. What matters in the long 
nm is whether die fall irofi 
prices eacomrages a new reat 
fam that money is not around. 
■ for the -taking, and a greater 
emphasis on the other devH> 
oping areas In die economy, 
such as electronics and infor- 
mation technology. If tfaerefls 
-ajsnffideat sense of reality^U 
mod tixey could benefit from 
lower wage increases, less 
competition for scarce skills, 
and a reduced rate for the kto- 

aa - ' Z' 

. But will Norway he swffier 
-to respond to changing condj- 
-thas now dun it was In rite 
Tffa? The NotWgian monfis 
-rintt. ecamittc mlradek only 
-work «fth a hit of effort hoe. 
on earth. .* 1* 

On Monday 
an operation 


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• : -1 .Bw-vl - -.l.'r-.iTV-o,- . 

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(It’s cal 

too tost* It has Norw^ 
virtnafiy fall erapfoymenf Jo- 
day. But it made tbexxjUapre 
in 03 prices the more 3 m- 
nmtfae. The trade muons do 
notiitccept that the failfamore 
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tnarrwmamam * 

On Tuesday 6th June 1944, Allied Command moved 
156.000 men. a distance of SO miles. It took 2 years to 
organise and 2 days to implement. 

On Monday morning (just Gke any other weekday 
morning) British Rail's Network SouthEast will carry over 
600000 passengers to work in a period of 5 hours along 
some 2350 miles of track in 1,750 trains. 

In London this equates to one train arriving every n 
seconds during the peak hour 

Network SouthEast have set themselves the task of 
ensuing that 904'o of these trains arrive either on or within 
5 mi nutes of their scheduled time 

Achieving this target would, with just one exception 
give us a better punctuality record than sty airline ’m 
the wold 

Its not only our time-keeping we're fighting to improve. 
Were also planning sweeping changes on the cleanliness 

front from now on, every one of our 6,700 coaches will 
receive a daily dose of spit and polish, inside and out Many 
will also be refurbished with. new seats better ventifation 
and, a brand-nevv livwy . 

A to pj e f or th? troop s 

Our stations are also under review Having recently 
enlisted the help of various local authorities, we are now 
in a position to spend £20 million on improvements to 
manyofthen. . 

New information ^sterns, a regular Sdc of .pant aid 
sperial deaning squads should ^ have themlfl-readv : 
ftxy^in^edjor}. .. . z. 

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Army and US urge cheaper alternative 


[From Ian Murray 
' .• : Jerusalem ; f ;: ;" 

.Serirair. thwnbws oTjhe is- 
' raeli Government -‘ are : being 
» urgedby’Mr George Shultz. 
... tite .‘ American-.- Secretary of 
Str and Mr.' Caspar iweiiH: 

new Israeli plane 

fl r 'f arr. 

«*'» arc—, 

!h,., Ih « i 

«■«, «;**> 

.“ r «! 

], 5 Ira? ^ 


3?^ a '«& 

!i; -Sy 



• ■ 3 ■ ■• ■«« 

"new fightervattaefc aircrhfL the 
t LaVi. -; -. ■ : ; : i; ■'■ 

Leiiers'ihis week from ‘ the 
" two Americans emphasized 
that the cosi of lire -project 
" shoold be re-assessed aga mst 
'its overall impact tin.' the 
Israeli defence Budget. .'. 

;' Mr Weinberger, at a. news 
- conference in Washington on 
‘Wednesday, was sharply criti- 
cal of continued development 
of the aircraft, and insisted 
-Israel should be-- seeking 

- One : suggestion is that the 

’■n -L ^ _ - - - » *■ * _■#! ■ * « ■ 

.Fears over arms sales to Arab world 

iOTtel ^ haskaDy cvposed meats, bat we always fear that 
to all arms sales to the. Arab these arms may one day be 
world, a Foreign Ministry tnrped against ns.** 

n ." brad feus the possibility 

On Saadi Arabian promises that a regime coaid be ow- 
Mt- to ase Awacs planes turned and replaced by anoth- 
» d * j M t bne^'Jw said: “It fc «T whkh woold not fed bound 
pretty easy to give: commit- by earlier promises. 

Defence Department experts 
have been doing their best to 
perauade Israel to drop the 
project, even after it has spent 
about SIJ2 billkmV{£800 mQ- 
b'on) on it so far. . . 

While Mr Yitzhak: Rabin, 
the Defence Minister, was in 
Washington to sign an agree- 
ment bringing Israel into the 
Star Wars -prcgeci, ; he 'was 
privately bung uiged by Mr 
Weinberger to chop the LavL 
- ; The basic American axpu- 

' whose estimate is correct The 

costs and maintenance of the 


Of the. rest, $550 million is 
being spent on the Lavi. and 
SI SO million is earmarked for 
the Navy and for building 
tanks. There is little left oyer 
for modernizing the Army, at 
a time when Arab countries 
are building up their arsenals 
with advanced missiles and 

The Lavi plan cans for 

Lavi accounts for a quarter of building 24 aircraft a year over 
the total defence budget and a ^ ov °' 

will pvm tnnrp if It oam 515 million Cfl.Cn. Tft€ ATOCli- 

the total defence budget and 
win need even more if it goes 
into production.' 
Major-General Amir Drori, 

SIS million each. The Ameri- 
can figures suggest the true 
figure would be nearer S24 

Commander of Ground m, !!|^ >r l cac ^: i -. . . . . 
Forces, has said: “If the Lavi The Israeli Cabinet howev- 

' "Peni^goh couid allow brad to . merit is financtoL and is bong 


v ■ >• 

ifij ;<j 

5 .* 0i ‘t"OUl. 
isolated pi 


- -iairtfai^r 

.. : B!, »to 

• pmd t 
: “ a Nc 

- •• •s-i>*n--,bE*o^. 

” 7- "Ur 

. ; w -' carafes 

•' -*?iL-ihtr AtE£ 

•' >: wss-a*, 

■ •• --i'riaa i,- 

•• ■ 

• • • i-"' -■* c? its C 
•' l • ' * '•.-■^abq 

s ; 

• * - ' • :f!! w-^ a 
‘ • w .-■■csieg 

■ iSMfc 


■ v *»j4 

- :*j: rq 

• Vrfvigci 

• . “ ».'5s.- ESS 

p - - fcJilf & 

<build the American -Eld air- 
-craft and fit. it with avionics 
■developed for the LavL. 

Despite this; the Govern- 
ment here continues ip back 
development of; the . LavL 
whidHs be Trolled out” 
'-next month and make, its first 
' flight in September. ' 

During Independent Day 
"celebrations Iasi month thou- 
sands of . proud Israelis took 
the opportunity to look atihe 
aircraft which is to Replace the 
ageing American-supplied 
-"FI 5; and is meant to maintain 
i-air superiority in the' Middle 
:Ea5t into die next xentiiiy^ - 
At the same time, American 

.pressed /hardest tty. Dr Dov tive « 
Zakheim, US' Assistant Seqre- thoug 
tary. of Defence. He led a. team punch 
ofPentagon experts bereearii- - The 
er this .month which tried to Mosh 
persuade Israel that it had got an in 
its calculations wildly wipng Lavi, 
and was under-estimating the ally be 
cost of producing, each aircraft good, 
by $7 million to $9 million. possit 

Since America meets 70 per perfec 
cent of IsraeTs defence e?cpen- the pe 
diture, the cost of this miscal- Eve 
cuiatioo woiild. -add areco 
enormously to the military aid ing th< 
bill. com pi 

In .Israel the dost of the budge 
project is also' worrying top is run 
military officers, regardless of which 

im iset cover-up 




It isnowl&ely there wtil be 
a full investigation into allega- 
itiohs that two Patesdmans 
were murdered by lsraeTs 
counter intelligence agency, 
the Shin Bet,, which- then 
'organized a cover-eji — bot it 
be condneted with total 
.mttecjv- ^ 

Thefinal dedskm'on wheth- 
er there wfll be-aa luvest^a- 
. tioii most be made by the hew 
Attoamey-GeneraL >fr Yosef 
Harishr who has^said -it .-Us 
^unavoidable”. Bat he has. 
said he frill not make up his 
mind aboothow to candwltoie 
investteatkm untfl after helms 
consulted Mr . Shimon Feres, 
the Prime .Mniistmv.. 4 ad Mr 
-Yitzhak £ .SbiJno, Vdfe .'$ice 
Whne Mnristier, .. 

For SSs tjmL M&Fdnra &s 
made H dear he wifl rddctaiir- 
!y agree m an IhmfigaflODhat ' 
it must fee held wMr complete 
secrecy to avoid barmins l 
tional sechrity. Mr Shamfr is 
opposed Jo any inv^t^ation 
but given that' one ' is 

— - . ■ l l-W L. L. ' 

be difficult to ensore given the 
extensive- number of leaks 
a bout the aflair, which alleges 
that too Palestinian hijackers 
were mardered on the orders of 
Mr .Avndnun- the 

' $ldn- Bet : . duef^ wish • then 
‘mgstertoindeff acpTer-up. - 

- Mr Yitzhak.. Zaatir,-.. the 
former attorney-general, has 
been bhunedfor tbeleaksand 
two : Knesset' members hove 
laid official comphtints against 
him, acrasing him of revealing 
state secrets.; 

. ■ There fa .'also a - grimhg 

- lobby : in the Kaetot arguing 
that Mr.Shdptowiir have to 

-be' replaced -now'' that bis 

- identity ishhomb r 

■ TotfaivafonnferseniorSWn 
Be£ officer, 'Mr RaC Malta, 
wanting a case a^ihst toe 
Government and Shin Bet 
itsdf lor .wnmgfhl dfamfasaL 
The . case fa to he heard in 
secret; Thai; Mr Malka has 
dalmed that he lost hfa job 
after, compfaiuhqtlo ffiePrhne 
Mfafater; that a coVer-np had 

-Hnavoidable* 1 , be fa certain to been put together after too 
insist on secrecy. ,- - iteath of the two Palestinians. 

Total secrecj’. hQwevet, will 




death of tlm two Palestinians. 
‘ Spectrum, page JO 




. Kujvait (Renter) -r FiremetL Tunis (Reuter) - President 
put out a blaze set off by a Bourguiba of Tunisia yester- 
string of expltKions bn Tues- day ended months, of speciila- 
-dayevening at Kuwait’s main tion about the poiiticaHuture- 
• on export reftneiy.lfe lCuwair qf his Prime Minister, Mr 
, NewsAgei^,Kuna, reported. Mohammad Mzali. by. con* 
The Pnmc Minister, Sheikh finning him as his successor. 
"Saad al-Abdulla al-Sab^h, in* MrBwiraiiba. a ftafl figure 
"Hicaied that the -blasts might at. the age of 82, was prompted 
>me been catised by ■wfat hr by preadeatial aides through- 
CZwM-rcrimipslacts’T out-bisstittSch, which ^he; read; 

< But the Oil Minister, Sheikh: with dimeufty at the 12th 
^&Jr ( aFKhalife atSabaJbu said congress ? of rating. Des- 
•: ^iai saboagt' could not be: tourran Sodalist Pajrty (PSD): 
■«MiTtrraeduntil after an inves- . : It was hfa first bubtic state- 
tigation in to'what he said were m cnt ajnceniing Tunisia’s en- 
fbm shnultaneoos explosions during succession issue since 
!at orneartbcMinaal-Ahmadi he resbuffled his Cabinet’ in 
' refinery: ; 20 ; mflesj south of April, limiting the power of 
' Kuwait City! ~ - Mr Mz^i aadsackingsome of 

. Security foroes continued his dosest Cabinet associates., 
iheir juvestigatums as ‘ tite. Mr Mzali. the Prime Minister 
newspaper -ofQ^kixpotied, for. .the past six years -arid 
it had^ learned urat five bombs- Interior Minister since;' the 
- — sdd:ihe 'explosionsimo«toa bloody 1984 “bread riots”, 
27SJJ00barnti4Afaw *«&»- 



lost the 

fatter job - in tire re- 

_•< ‘ Bangkok'-fRedier) ^ — ^Thm- 
newspaper carried gruesome' 
C pictures of miitiiafed tacaian 
--women and children- yester- 
'day as Taos - denied that its: . 
- jroojfa .vrere' respqnab’fe'fbr 1 a' 
i'Weekend'massaCTBOf 35 Tefin 
-^es in noitiw3nThailand. r — • : 

il A Thai military spokesman 
';Said41 women, three giti£ !£' 
-'■boys irjdsix men.-?^D;Seddim'. 
'yefuge from Laos - weraloBea - 

riix toiles. -jrtride 'liaaaiKrs' 

Phayao provinceiPointingtQ. 
*pktmfes*tif the, chaired.. viciv 
- aims, the spokesman aticed:' 
5 ;^Where : are fbt mtCTn atiipnal; 
2 'rights orgahnations' ■ 

: BOW?^ 

shocked by -are pictures and 
reports of an apparently weW- 
planned mitiraty oporau'on ; 
against bripfess^crvilians. But 
there was no independtaii con- 
firmation of* Thai cbaigMJliat 
the attack was undertaken by , 
Laotian Government troops . 
acting with ibe knqwtedgr^ of 
Vientiane.; - - ' 

The Laotian Ambassador 

rejected Thailanffa ttorges. 

= that -Laotian troops- 'were re- 
sponsible' tor ■ the- -kfflinks. 
Thailand aid Laotian troops 
-used madunctoins; hand gre- 
. nades and rocket -grenades in 
"tiMuf attack, ob a him let of 
about 150 imanned Laotians, 
kMng;35 peopIe.-. . 

GnesraYtvprsaidtiie refu- 
ges fkrijht^Thaifand'about 
'tome -months ^aigo. - because 
-'Laotian; soldiers -.stole -tiye- 
' slock arid /property; ednsript- 
ed.nrcb.for labour . and raped 

. TheThai-Foreign^ Ministry, 
in a . protest note prepared tor 
the unitedNations; called ha 
premedftated-alnxHty “solely 
motivated to stem tire flow of 

frohi'oppr^vie copditionsin 
Laos” --. - ' 

. Informal ; : Thai • milhary 
sources said Laotiah Govern- 
menLtrooj^TdUed 13~civilians 
inside Thai land's Leoi proy- 
ince.on .September. J4 Iasi 
year, apparently a trading 

dispute. ! Bur tile" incident was 
not .widely -known' anti Bang- 
kok; did ma-toakc -a -public 
protest • ■■ i.. - - 


-,-s yv* 

. *‘l J 

flies, the Army wiU Ue on the «■. remain? committed 
ground." to tire plan, with the inner 

Like many senior officers. P ab g el having jua voted 8-2 
he believes the aircraft is . & ^ our - Rabin has 
soaking up money desperately Maimed that 6,000 jobs de- 
needed to keep tire Army ^ on « and that develop- 
fighting ffL A cheaper alieraa- menl . spin-offs would be 
tive should be found, even essential . to IsraeTs export 

five should be found, even 
though it would have to be 
purchased from the US. 

• The Chief of Staff General 
Moshe Levy, said as much in 

mem spin-offs would be 
essentia] io IsraeTs export 
drive far into the future. 

Senior sources in his minis- 
try have voiced the suspicion 
that the American campaign is 

an interview this week. The nothing more than an attempt 
Lavi, he said, was profession- to force Israel to equip itself 
ally better because it was like a with FI 6 and, ultimately. F20 
good, tailor-made suit. It was aircraft, at the same time 
possible, however, to buy a grounding forever a small 
perfectly satisfactory suit off industry capable of producing 
the peg. rivals to the American ma- 

American ma- 

Even if IsraeTs own figures chines, 
are corr ect the cost of produc- Mr Rabin himsdf is most 

mg the aircraft is enormous in committed to the project, 
comparison to the defence which, he said this week. 

budget. Amerion military aid represents “an operational 
is running at SI .8 billion, of need but alw a national, 
which half is spent on running Israeli need”. 

invent leg 
by battery 

Tokyo (Renter) - A voice- 
activated wheelchair and an 
artificial teg (pictured left) 
that will greatly improve free- 
dom of movement for the 
handicapped have been devel- 
oped in Japan, a Government 
spokesman said yesterday. 

The Ministry of Interna- 
tional Trade ami Industry said 
the wheelchair was the first 
voice-activated model able to 
move in all directions. 

Moan ted on a hydraulic lift 
on a wheeled platform, it can 
respond to 30 simple spoken 
commands that order 360 deg- 
ree rotation of the wheels, 180 
degree swivelling of the chair 
and a seven inch lift 

A second version of tire 
chair can shift a partially 
handicapped person into a 
semi-standing position, the 
spokesman said. 

The artificial leg is powered 
by a battery and activated by 
an electronic sensor that re- 
sponds to the user's upper leg 
and hip muscle movements in 
a similar way to a real leg. It 
bends at the knee and allows 
the user to climb stairs in a 
natural way. 

The Ministry, which funded 
the six-year 500 million yen 
(£2 million) projects, raid 
there were 500,000 potential 
customers for the chair and 
50,000 for the leg in Japan. 
They will be ready for sate in 
about three years and will cost 
about two util lion yen each. 

Paris and NZ 
to accept 
UN referee 

From Ricbard Long, Wellington 

New Zealand's Prime Minister. Mr David 
Lange, confirmed last night that Wellington 
would abide by the ruling of the UN Secretary- 
General. Senor Javier Perez de Cu&llar. when 
he arbitrates on differences between New 
Zealand and France arising from the Rainbow 
Warrior affair. 

“New Zealand and France will present their 
sitions to the Secretary-Genera! forthwith: 

Both Paris and Wellington were confident 
the ruling would be “equitable and 
principled”. The chief point at issue is the fate' 
of the French agents. Dominique Prieur and 
Alain Mafart. jailed for 10 years for their part 
in the sabotage last year of the Greenpeace 
protest sbip in Auckland harbour ana the: 
death of a crew member. 

Mr Lange has said the agents would not be 
“released to freedom”, and it is assumed this- 
requiremem is in Wellington's terms of: 
reference for the arbitration. It has been 
speculated that the agents could be transferred 
to a form of detention in another country. 

Other outstanding differences include. 
Wellington's demand for approximately 
SNZ20 million (£7 million) compensation. 

While Mr Lange did not mention trade in 
his statement, a spokesman said Paris had 
lifted a ban on importation of New Zealand.; 
lamb brains, worth SNZ8 million a year. 

• PARIS: The Rainbow Warrior was sunk as 
it prepared to protest against French Pacific 
nuclear tests (Reuter reports). Earlier talks: 
between Paris and Wellington on settlement of 
the dispute got nowhere because New Zealand 
refused to negotiate release of the agents. 

France at nrsL denied any involvement in 
the affair but after a political crisis in Paris and . 
the resignation in September of the Defence 
Minister, M Charles Hernu, it admitted the 
ship was blown up by secret agents. 

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Nigel Mansell has done it 
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Williams’ team in the Canadian 
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- ( 

The shame of Shin Bet 

Israelis secret service. 

Shin Bet, is now ; - 
(^rtamto facethe; V 4 

.» Writer the deaths in ■ 

■ custody of two : 
Palestinian terrorists, 
the survivors of a gun ■ 
battle which ended the 
bloody hijack of a bus. A hews photograph . ' 
(above) proved they were alive after ttie^attaclc 
Ian Murray reports on a far-reaching scandal: ' 

Israel’s .prized and much-vaunted 
counter intelligence agency, the Shin 
Bet, is in disgrace. It is bound to 
change its methods but it is difficult 
to see how this can be done for die 
better. Operationally it is facing 
problems which must undermine its 
undoubted efficiency in controlling 
terrorism inside IsraeL 

This is a harsh judgement but. a 
necessary one now that an inquiry is 
inevitable into what happened after 
the annystonned a hijacked number 
300 bus in . the .Gaza Strip, on the ; 
night of April 12^ 1984. The inquiry'- 
may or may not be m secret. It may- 
or may not be judicial, but already 
enough questions have been raised 
to mike any set of answers unsatis- 
factory for the service. As Yosef 
Harisb, the new Attorney-General, 
said this week: it is unavoidable. 

What is known is that the army 
lulled two hijackers and captured 
two others when they stormed the 
bus. The two prisoners were photo- 
graphed walking under escort away 
from the bus. The two prisoners died 
from head injuries a few hours later. 

The official version was .that the 
two had died from injuries received 
when, the . bug was. stormed. The 
photograph- published in the mass 
circulation daily HadasHot shows 
that to be a lie. A military court has 
since found that the officer in charge 
of the operation. Brigadier General 
Yitzhak Mordechai, was not to 
blame for the deaths, although he 
admitted hitting the two round the 
head. He has since been promoted to 
the general staff. 

-What is. not known, publicly is 
what: the. tw& prisoners., 
from jhe-fime-tbey were handed over"-' 
by. the atmyito Shin Set in^whdsf?; 
custody they died; . vlqfonnatibn^ 
about ibis was given privately to Mr 

Yitzhak Zamir, who whs replaced as 
AttorneyGeneraJ a week after insist- 
ing that he would open a police 
inquiry into what had happened. His 
evidence was provided by three very 
senior Shin Bet officers, who suggest- 
ed that the agency’s head, Mr 
Avraham Shalom, had actually, or- 
dered the killings and then arranged 
a careful cover-up. 

' - It would surprise no one in.lsrael 
to discover that the two men had 
been beaten to death.' As hijackers, 
^prepared .to kill, innocent , people, 
they received' the punishment "most 
Israelis want given to terro ri sts in a 
country with no death ' penalty. Nor 
would an organized cover-up be a 
surprise. Depending -on political 
views, many Israelis would even be 
highly delighted ifa cover-up incrim- 
inated Mr Yitzhak Shamir, who was 
Prime Minister when the incident 
occurred, or Mr Shimon Peres, who 
is Prime Minister at the moment. 

But the fret that the hijackers died 
in custody raises a whole series of 
questions about the future of Shin 

. Mr Menacbem Begin, when he 
was elected Prime Minister rh 1977, 
issued an order that in future the 
Shin Bet must rely on brains and not 
brawn to obtain its information — a 
clear sign that brutalitywas common 
if not the norm. Despite the order it 
is obvious that violence came only 
too naturally to the men holding the 
two hijackers. On a night when a girl 
soldier had been killed aboard the 
bus. .the two prisoners would not 
have found sympathetic inter- 
rogators. . 

But Uu^iit tumiaises toe-question 

^hphcriby^rn'Bel to the 

ris relatively ribitrfar# Palestinian^ 

be' tried without the : prosecution 

■; i . J,. .V 

Killed by commandos: one of the hijackers damped over tbe wheel of the bos 

f ' 



Caught in the crossfire: (from, left) Yitzhak Zamir, replaced as Attorney-General; Yitzhak 
•' Mordechai, officer in charge; -Yosef Harish, new Attorney-General; Shimon Peres, PM . 

putting- forward a confession, ft is 
. equally rare fortoe -defendant not to - 
claim that the confession was ob- 
tained under torture. 

Where harsh treatment ends and 
torture begins may be a fine line, but 
Shin Bel does not have a feared 
reputation for nothing. Shin Bet may 
well feel it can justify rough tactics. 

■ But if there is a suspicion that 
- confessions are being extracted up- . 
• "der torture arid ibai evidence is befog : 
1 s faBripifei'.'t£e;-6ouijs' may it 
r l*cry <tif?foidt^pa^;jh<fefifoem;': * 

Perhaps the most serious question 

‘ . vj. l-vs • \ j 

. is what is how happening to morale 
inside Shin Bet. The evidence 
against its chief was supplied by 
three of bis closest associates, who 
have worked with him down the 
years. One of them might have 
expected to succeed to the job. But 
despite all their training and inevita- 
ble loyalties, the three decided to 
sacrifice their careers and put the 
service itself at risk by giving 
information . to the Attorney- 

. Mr Shalom :is a-bighly iespected 
: officer, 'Who isJ said.rto .be: much 
admired for the.Prime Minister.. Yet 

the Shin Betteader’sxoHcagues have ' 
turned against- him. Why they 
decided to make the case known 
remains a mystery, bui they are said 
by Mr Zamir to have been moved by 
concern of the way the agency was 
working above and beyond the law. 
Intelligence agencies in any demoo 
racy tend to break the law with a 
certain amount of impunity and it is 
the duty -of their leaders to make sure 
that they do not overstep the mark in 
,a way which will challenge the safety 

- of the democracy itself! 

- This in c^sence seems to be' why: 
the three decided to hkmilhe whistle. 


created a nation 

In the beginning were the 
Spies. They were sent by 
Moses into the Land of Ca- 
baan and returned with grapes 
and stories of a land flowing 
with milk and honey. From 
this biblical espionage recon- 
naissance grew the people's 
graving and claim for a mod- 
em state of Israel. 

In the beginning of that 
state, too. were the spies. In a 
.sense Israel is an undercover 
.creation, peopled by illegal 
.immigrants smuggled out of 
many countries into a land 
*that had to be conquered and 
field by an underground army, 
armed with weapons bought 
'and brought in secret.' The 
spies had -to- be in at the 
beginning and without them 
•there could have been no 

• These unlikely founding fa- 
thers ran the -operation to 
„bring in settlers under the 
.noses of the British. That was 

the Mossad Aliyah Beth or 
Institute of Illegal Immigra- 
tion. They scoured Europe for 
weapons to arm the Haganah 
— the underground army. 
Thai was the Rekhesh. They 
penetrated deep into the Brit- 
ish administration of the 
Mandate, army and police. 

Ben Gnrion: 
creator of the 
brought him 

They worked among the local 
Arab population^ They moni-- 
tored the many dissident Jew- 
ish movements. That was the 
Shai. the most secret group of 

From the Shai was to grow 
the Sheruth Bitachon Klalit. 
the General Security Service. 

best known by its Hebrew 
initials *Shin Bet’. 

With independence work 
almost the first order issued for 
Israel’s first Prime Minister 
David' -Ben- Gurion was to 
reshape the secret service to 
meet the needs of a new state. 
Shai was split into three to 
include a military intelligence 
unit, the Agaf Modiin (Am an), 
the political department of tire 
foreign ministry and the inter- 
na] security unit — Shin Bet 

The foreign ministry unit 
assessed the world’s political 
manoeuvring: Aman kept a 
check on the world’s arsenal; 
Shin Bet would keep the' new 
country-in order. 

- Gf- tire - firs uJ ead e is. of-tire 
three sections, two were dis- 
missed in disgrace and in 1951 
a new agency, called simply 
the Mossad (the Institute) was 
created. There were mass res- 
ignations from angry agents 
round the world and Mossad 

■ «■ ir-l- ... , ■■ -L-a 1 . 

recruited many of its new 
small teams from Shin Bet, 
which had already built up a 
considerable counter-espio- 
nage reputation of finding 
Soviet infiltrators. Within a 
couple of years the dynamic 
and rather rotund Isser Hard, 
the head of Shin Bet, was 
moved over to run the new 
organisation. Tot tire next ten 
years he was basically in 
charge of both internal and 
external security and he im- 
posed his standards, morals 
and personality on both ser- 

Harel was a hardworking 

French without fears. Egon 

Ronay fixes his sights on the 

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policeman, with a limited 
education and boundless flair, 
who inspired something not 
far from worship in the men 
he sent out on dangerous 
missions. A ruthless man of 
puritanical honesty, he trained 
men to lie, cheat and kill 
expertly. A spymastor extraor- 
dinary. ire is said to have 
walked out in disgust at the 
only James Bond mm he ever 
•went to see. 

It was he who mastermind- 
ed the kidnapping of Adolf 
Eichmann from Buenos Aires 
in 1960. leading a team of 
twelve from both Mossad and 
Shin Bet. which included two 
men who are now uncomfort- 
ably in the limelight for break- 
ing the spies most important 
commandment — Thou Shall 
Not Be Found Out. 

One of them. Rafi Eitan, has 
just been named by the Ameri- 
can courts for running an 
Israeli spy ring in the United 
States. The other is Avraham 
Shalom, the present head of 
Shin Bet. accused of ordering 
the killing in custody of two 
Palestinians and then cover- 
ing up the evidence about it. 

These are accusations 
which, arguably. Isser Hard 
would never have freed. But 
in the end he became the 
victim of his own suspicions 
and integrity. Harel produced 
evidence which showed that 
the Prime Minisier could have 
been wrong in forcing his- 
defence minister, Pinhas 
Lavon. to resign for allegedly 
ordering a firebomb campaign 
in Egypt. The Lavon affair 
brought Ben Gurion down, 
but by then Harel had himself 
resigned in fury because a new 
man had been brought in to 
run military intelligence. 

The new man was Meir 
AmiL who had methodically 
built up the one section of 
intelligence virtually ignored 
by Harel. He compiled mas- 
sive dossiers on every aspect 
of the countries he knew were 
likely enemies. He had dis- 
covered that Harel had failed 
to realise Egypt was arming 
itself with rockets. He stripped 
the great leader of Mossad and 
Shin Bel of his legendary 
reputation and virtually 
forced him to resign. 

With Amit in charge, 

Mossad changed personality. 

It became more methodical 
and more ruthless. The intelli- 
gence services ran as a mili- 
tary operation. The scale of 
the Israeli triumph in .the Six 
Day War was a dangerous 
inspiration for its military and • 
security services. The feeling 
of invincibility was strong and 
the certainty of Arab coward- 
ice and fallibility was totaL 
That led directly to the mas- 
sive intelligence- blunder 
which njeant Israei.was caught 
flat-footed attoe.stan pf the 
Yom Kippurwarin 1973.. 

The long term- result of the 
Six Day War was internation- 
al terrorism. Ibis was not 
exactly . new. but the whole 

Isser Harel: a 
and ruthless 
who Inspired' ' 
his men 

scale of it changed. In this 
fight. Shin Bet has had to 
come into its own. often using 
the Mossad as its executioner, 
to track down and kill wanted 
terrorists round the world. 
Shin Bet and Mossad still 
regard assassination of key 
terrorists as justifiable. 

But Shin Bet essentially 
staysat home. Its agents are au 
university graduates, with 
good army records, the large 
majority of them of European 
descent. Their task is to 
prevent terrorism and to 
break Palestinian resistance, 
and they stay as much as 
possible out of the limelight, 
their dark, unlovely reputa- 
tion among Palestinians bal- 
anced by a huge and largely 
justified prestige in Israel. 

It is only because Ben 
Gurion. by what might have 
been a slip of the tongue, 
actually named the service in 
the Knesset that its name is 
now allowed to be published. 
A reporter in 1980 had bis 
press credentials withdrawn 
after daring to publish the 
name of the then headof the 

Books are written about the 
Mossad. but its dark sister the 
$h<n Bet hardly Likes to see its 
name in pnnL - 

* fr * * -tt * 

■ *a cpnm n> lanK I111IUX UK 111 IjCT IS {RVpOSlllg ~ mil A *n«'. - j , - . . W'T’ 

strong support from the most that they should nuke tire Bishop of London has said • CBnrcfi 

pansn cotmas coronpee ru^ p 

A reason to keep 
on running 

Twenty years after 
his pop heyday 
. Steve Winwood is 
-back on the road 
with a new album 

When it comes to longevity 
iir tire rock musk business, 
Steve Wimiood Is- in a dass 
of his own: Though he is of 
an age with Mark Knopfier, 
Peter Gabriel and Robert 
Palmer, he is from an earlier 

Still only 37, his single 
“Keep oh Running" was in 
Che charts whfie.hisrohtem- 
pontries were still finding 
thefr way around the fret 
board. On the road at 15, he 
might share tire bill in those 
days with Dusty Springfield 
of tire ~ pre- u Safi5fartidn" 
Stones, yet more than 20 
years later his appeal is still 
fresh and vivid. 

In recent years he has 
rationed his work and ap- 
pearances. His output could 
hardly be described as prolif- 
ic — since 1979 there have 
been a mere 16 songs on two 
albums — but WtnwoMfs 
clarity of purpose wfll ensure 
that his new album, Bock in 
the HighLife Again wflfrhe 
greeted warmly On its release 
on Jm»30.~ 

"I'm a slow worker," he 
smiles apologetically. 
“There's absolutely no 

Looking remarkably un- 
touched for the years, the 
complexion fresh, the russet 
hair fashionably cut, and tire 
hazel eyes dear, be exudes a 
shy bat genial charm. With 
the a! hem comes a- single, 
“Higher Love", and a world 
tour. Once notoriously reclu- 
sive, helms taken advice and 
is prepared to do battle with 
the spotlight again. 

“Its true, -I haven’t per- 
formed modi in recent years. 
Most of my work has been in 
the stadia, which* I have 
eqjoyed a great deal" he 
explained. “I'm getting to 
like performing again hot 
you can understand 1 went 
off it- I'd done IS years on 
the road and I wanted a 
break. Now there is a' world 
tear! suppose I've got to like 

itr. ...... . 

' Justifiably; be has never 
. 'been -an. artist! to -cloak- his 
.moslc in extravagant fight 
. shows anti dancing jprls bat 
' ytitb’ new managers and!- one 
■■ senses,! a new pnsh to icapi- 
^ talize .on his rare talent, .tire 
tour will be visually more 
appealing than previously. * 

Higk Ufe ' is the first 
album since Talking Back To 
The Night in 1982, which 

followed the 1980 Are of a+ 
Diver, itself a spontaneous^ 

best-seller here and in Amer-- 

ka. Both are : conshteedK: > 
collectors' items, not least - L 

•_ because they wereromposed^ 

: performed, engineered andj 
produced by Winwoott* 
himself! £ 

• “It was a.vaDd way to work* 
and I’m glad some good-* 
things came oat of those two* 
records, bat I no touger^ 
•anted to work Site thsL t> 
didn't want to spend hoars. ": 

programming *a computer^' 
base part sitting there on my 
own. I wanted to go some-- 
where else, meet new people- 
and get a int of excitement 
into it." . 

, High Life was recorded in% 

New York over a period of 8. * 

months and features of the ’ t : 
diverse talents of Chaka 
Khan, Janies Taylor, Nile 
Rogers and Joe 
WafetfoTbough some might 

i i 


J i 


Sieve. Win wood: a comeback v 

dislike this attempt to bring : 
fresh life to his mask, -.tire • 
unique timbre of his voice - 
survives untouched, sailing': 
above whatever is going on - 
beneath. ' *?. 

Meanwhile Win wood has 
completed the incidental mn- = * 

sic fora Granada Television : 
documentary and he is look- 
ing for ■ farther artistic:: 
challenges. . . . ■ 1 , 

"The song-form is fasri- f* J. 
nating, and the more J do the r 
more 1 realize how little I. 
know- about it, but 1 would-- 
like to do more incidental 
music aad musk for films. IL 
find more and. more that a- 
forraal musical education' 
was very valuable to me”, he ■ 
reflects. [■' 

- That beiwill emerge as a 
lasting Composer there can* 
bt little doubt bat the home- * 
dtate future is concerned 1 
withObe world tone, singles^ 

•videos, the whole rock-star 
routine. He seems slightly 
abashed by it. 

“I’m doing this career! 
drive" he says dryly, “in the; 
autumn of my career." 

Christopher Wilson p | 


£12,000 to be won 

Londres sur Loire 

Jonathan Meades finds rillons de pore and other 
exotica of French regional cookery imperfectly ... 
reproduced in Loudon's West Cod 
PLUS: The Times Cook in a (tickle; and a champagne 
vintage that's fallen flat 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 1 




I Dimpled pancake (6) 
5 Ramshackle hut (6) 

8 Nevertheless (3) 

- 9 Idiosyncrasy (6) 

■10 Immerse (6) 

12 Rough f 8) 

14 Lower pan (6) 

17 Iftftr<6) ; 

19 Bicycle (4.4) 

22 Wise man (4) 

24 T3ephaHi seat (6): . 

25 Dublin river(6) 

26 Meul rode (3) 

27 Greedy moneylender 

28 Tel! (6) 


.2 Solitary (3) 

3 Egg jeweller (7} 

• 4- Eyelid hair (7) ' 

S Bullock (5> • 

- 6 Sponsorship (5) 

7 Israel financial centre 


13 One tool card (3) is Calm (7) 

15 Harshly loud (7) 20 Concealer (5) - 

16 Male swan (3) 21 Cods' veins fend (5i 

17 Resident (7) 23 Hotel patron (S) . 


ACROSS: 8-AtoanderFope 9 DDR 'lOMmnBtanc llGhwc nej 
-ora -16 Devoted 19 Fated 22DUigmce 24aS^2SoSS 1 kS& 
DOTVN: ILapdna 2Wehtta 3M£moRt 
aw MCaflooe isCue 16 oSSe 17 Vd- - : " 

uae -lBDuimn. 26 Trophy 21 Droopy. 23 Goal.. . , • • 


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Mjttocatiotf: Vhfenne Feidl, chaplain at Claire: College, Cambridge insists ‘We are talking about when, not if 


The *tgnntent as' to Whether 
womed should bdoniainoef as 
priests* 1 hair been::ragraj£Tbf 
some; time. 1 But’Tthe debate 
took an extraordimianr^ni 
yesfert&y with ' news iif a 
proposalto divide thethiirfch 
orEaglami imp two ^'bne pari 
wKlI -women ^aiests' M ohi" 
wfJhouiV; -r " ■;•' • - i 

The icfea. was oiki of several 

The ordination of women may split the Church of 

England next month. Lee Rodwell talks to three 

potential priests who are waiting to join the ministry 

and then going away again. 

But she admits that “it is 
hard for Detroit to understand. 

sides, burling grenades al each 
other, over a fence m the 
middle and that there is not 

Her main concern is that by 
refusing to allow women to be 
ordained as priests, the church 

after a year. A' woman stays a 
deaconess forever. 

Do I want to beapriest? At 
the moment I am taking it one 
step at a time. But I do think it 
is very important that women 
should be able to become 

. priests. The ministry is incom- 
plete without a 'woman in iL It 
should reflect the people m the 
congregation; I feel a sense of 

* • : < r • j 1 1- M • i * m r»7VV. T, 

; Jltt *ncag|i 

M to ha ^ 

Ini V "Kt 1 •, V. •‘I' 1 IfiTlic .VmEI.TT K 1 . , , . 7 r ^M • • v Al i rZ 

working group 10' be debated 
by tbc^GeneralSynodat York 

»■• anr^tteij; woriien wish to berome priests 
• > - > ■ is gT -t«nd how do jbey rpartidthe 

I/Ih that f ItMn inihilinii nvui 

^ itfca that 4hor ambrtion- may 
lo Win™ have such catadysmic resulis? 
i l' ; i . -Vivienne fruli . is chaplain 

• at .Claire 

: .:15g Now .30 ..... 

■- jrfD became aware that she wanted 
z ta work in Ahe' Church- which 
% she was 18. althoi^h .at the 

■ - .--C-Lv lime .it .^ras her sister ,h*o. 

. ., V,: wanted. to be a vicar/ 

• • -Vivienne read’ JHistory at 
’ Oxford, spent ttyq years teact 
. _• ■*: £: ing in. India and came back to 
. - -‘eft; England to do youth work in 
• «sb: Lrverpool for a year. “AH that 
~ time^ she says. *^L think I- was 

■ 'i'wJarts running, away „ fiom- my 

'• vocation". 

'■ i ’ ” i; ®5 iBut ihen^riie was.acpppted 
" •• ■ cratix for^UroologiariT ..tatinl 
^ '.^teSst came. a .demoness m 
... ■ » c3 she . was, run n mg a parish- in 

•. - . tats UvegiooU jheJxtgan 

c the. Tabsurdity” of. flie sitpfc 
. \\ vxti trom^BieMcar ofinyparisH 
■ had been appointed .^another 
: r. • j(rt> and it takes, bn average, a 

. i year to appoint' a successor. 

• ti an’ During tlat' time I was riro- 

. r ning roe parish, buj because a : 
: ’ r: npner K deaconess eanriot celebrate 
communion, many or give 
■■■■■.’i -mtti absolution; J had to import . 
priests to dp these things. 
j r\ A V “I felt it wasparticulariysad . 

k I 1 A T for the parish. Snndgy com-' 
v iy* ** munipn is. a.cdebratioh oTall ' 
. — - — - ^ that’s been going on in the pari ' 

; f / / week and preparation for the . 
r #/ i/r 'VecE ahead- 1 felt it was . 
r important fdr'tbe odebmnt to 

Be someone who had been in 
contact witfahtbe parish all the 
' Kp» WOli trines I didn't think it should . 

• , . >U1, be someone coming in from 

outskte. doing a bit of magic. 

as- i| 
hr* \ 

». sal. 

1 tTP «vrn f 


(fjf /f< fjfJd* 
0 (H) LO be won 

Lady Vifcar. And it was diffi- 
cult when- th ey asked me to do 
their weddings and I had to 
say 'no. I always feft awful I 
just felt Td like to be able to do 
the job properiy . ' 

-**1 accept that I am probably 
being selfish in ihat r fdt 

can't dimy it -But ) also feel 
Pm articulaimg the things that 
marry- parishioners want to 
say; ftViiot just' me 1 on my 
own- demanding something 
The reaction to women priests 
is rather like the reaction used 
to be to women doctors, but 
once women, have been work- 
ing m parishes they have been 
accepted! Through familiarity 
those pngudices disappear" 

• ■ Vivienne feets that the bp- 
posrtioii' vrilhih the church 
itself is rather (fiflferent “fve 

That is sad. Women like 
myself do not want to cause 
hurt. Thai's not part of the 
Christian ethic." 

For; the past year Shelagh 

en are inferior. She says; 
“Women are dishonoured 
throughout the world. I do 
believe that through Chris- 
tianity women have been set 

Brown has been running the free. Even St' Paul said ‘bus- 
parish. •• of' ■ St John's in bandsioye your wives’, which 
Caterham. Surrey. Shelagh was quite something at the 
t on the beach at time, f 

• r* i rm v..i m-' : 

Blackpool al the age of 7 when 
she heard a Salvation Army 

-Women should 
be able to become 



without a woman’ 

‘■I/-." : 

-. • 

■: r; '>-■ 

t* xri 

•'i • 

**; *. • 

m^ypu-wbald be^lilse ordain- . Fishers : qf Men. “It" was as if 
rag at dog- or a'-pbtatdV Hie Jesus was talking to nie”; riie 
dpppritibn gobs much -deeper says- “From then on J have 
^ " l ' Aip£pf ' warned people . to- know, the 

to go and the church should be 
leading -the way, not dragging 
its heels. 

“I don't want the changes 
just for myself, but for women 
and for men. Not all men 
oppressors, of course, but 
iii some ways the situation is 
like that of a prison camp. 
Who are the least free — the 
guards or the prisoners? Spin 
tually, it is the oppressor. 

. “1 don't know what's going 
to- happen in the next few . 
weeks. I shall weep if the 

fore and if it happens: J don!l 
think that women should be 
blamed for it. .We. are not 

rtien OTB-itt the'chtnoBbecause 
n snu is a male preserve." - 1 
. However. Vi vieime believes 
tfiat the tidehais 1 turned so that 
the majority of the church is 
now hi fevonr of the ordina- 
tion of women. "That’s why 
we’ve got all -this sabre- 
rattling", she: says. “It's" be- 
cause people are begjnning to 
accept that it is going to 
happen, because we are jalk- 
ihg about when - not V/T And it 
will be interesting to see what 
happens when this report goes 
to Synod. If the Church of 
England capi keep itself togetb- 
er for loog' enough for things to 
settle down., there win be no 
heed for' a split But at , the 
moment I fed there are two 

WOUKU UCUIHC.-.1U- MiUW' UK 1 ... 


Throughout her life Shelagh 
has played an active role 

has played an active role 
within the church and was Barbara Baker. ~ aged 50, 
actually working as a pastoral from Hornchurch in Essex, is 
auxihary— visitmgpeopleand just finishing her first year’s 
setting up hopie discussion training at Lincoln Theologi- 
groups — when someone sug- cal College. She says: “The 
gestra she train as a deacon- reasons why a woman goes 
ess. She says it was “the last into the church are really no 
thing” , she ted thought of different from a maa’s. You 
doing. ; - receive a call and most of us. 

Like- Vivienne she gets furi- both men and women, are 
ote at having to import men reluctant to start with. It's the 
to do the tasks she is not *why me?- feeling. , .. 
allowed lo ; do. "Men of over “The difference is that at the 
80 sometimes. It’s not that end of the course you go into a 
they are not good or holy men, parish as a deaconess in the 
its just that 'they get in a same way as a deacon but a 
muddle" man will go on to be priested 

ferns some of the -men in the 
church have with women." 

hood when only half the 
.congregation is represented. I 
also feel very angry about the 
opposition to the idea of 
women priests. People don't 
realize how much of a 
reaction it is. it isn’t 

But what of those who argue 
that that Bible says women 
should not be priests? “The 
Bible also says that women 
shouldn’t -be teachers, but the 
church doesn't take any notice 
of that You have to put the 
whole thing into historical 
perspective; Times have 
changed. The secular world 
has certainly changed and it's 
about time the church did too. 

I think it is inevitable that 

there wifi be women priests — 
let's hope: it comes sooner 
rather than later? 

But if that means- s 

very important for everyone 
to remain within one church. 
If we have differences we have 
ti) liyejwith piem and work 
them out between us. Itwpuld 
defeat tite- whole object if we 
were to split the church." 

. (Sftlmaa Newspapers Ltd, 1BM. 

Over tire last ..few years 
continuous passive .smoking 
(inhaling other -people's 
smoke) has become widely 
accepted as dangerous but a 
* of research to be 
in. next month's 
British Journal of Cttacer has 
the hallmark of taming the 

received wisdom into one of 
tire metrical c on trov e rsies of 
the year. 

The researchers — from tire 
Institute of Cancer Research 
in Surrey — conclude that 

passive smoking, for Kfe-loag 
non-smokers, carries no sig- 
nificant increase in risk of 
hrag cancer, bronchitis, or 
heart disease — all commonly 
associated vtith smoking. 

Ore of the general crfti- 
dsmsnnde by the team abost ' 
earlier research is that the 
stages were based on a' tiny 
number, at people and so 
extrapolations from the fig- . 
urea would lead to Mas. 

The Institute's study in- 
volved over 12,000 people and 
its conclusions are based on a 
wealth of statistical detail too 
complicated to be summa- 
rized here. However, the 
study repeats the observation 
published in 1978 that even 
trader quite extreme condf-* 
tfons the time taken far a non- 
smoker to inhale the 
eqmrailettt of one cigarette 
would be 1 1 boors for ash and 
solid matter and 50 hours for . 

People exposed to passive 
smoking are also more likely 
to be smokers themselves 
while Hating a nos-smoklng 
victim of long cancer is 
relatively difficult- These, 
and many other' points, leave 
the researchers convinced 
that until further detailed 
research is completed, any 
increase in risk between pas- 
sive smoking and long cancer 
and other spoking associated 
diseases is not a true reflec- 
tion that passive smoking is 

Five-year burp 



patient departments, on at 
least two occasions. . with 
' recurrent stomach upsets, fre- 
quently complaining of con- 
stant burping. 

No cause had been found 
for their symptoms during 
the initial investigation. They 
had been referred back to 
- their , general practitioners 
and reassured that there was 
nothing wrong with them. 

However, that reassurance 
seems only to last for two or 
.three' years. The symptoms 
persist and their patients go 
back- to their GPs convinced 
'that something must be 
wrong. Many of them knew 
someone who had been toW 
that their own symptoms 
were due to “nerves” only to 
die from cancer soon 

- After reassuring the patient 
that there really is nothing to 
worry, about, another year 
lapses, the GP succumbs to 
pressure and the patient again 
turns up in the outpatient 
department — on average five 
years after the first 

This pattern can repeat 
itself Four patients had made 
four visits each — all with a . 
gap of about five years be- 
tween appointments. And, as 
Dr Wright points out, this 
cyclical phenomenon is not 
restricted to people with 
stomach problems. Patients 
with chest pain and over- 
breathing also goto hospital 
with a similar frequency. 

Difficult dips 







The seven- 
year itch (im- 
mortalized on 
celluloid- *-ty 
Marilyn Mon- 
roe) is an ex- 
treme exa- 
mple - of Cyclical human - 
behaviour^ when people are 
overcome with a desire to 
change sexual partners. More 
prosaic- examples se sleep 
and ovulation but most in- 
triguing, however, is the five- 
year burp syndrome descr- 
ibed in a recent issue .of The 
Lancet by Dr John Wright. 

He describes over 40 pa- 
tients who had attended out- 

Everyone has 
some breath - 
ing difficulties 
umile learning 
to swim. Coor- 
dinating arms 
and gasps 
without swallowing a mouth- 
ful of chlorine or salt water is 
a skilled operation. But before 
you next take the plunge spare 
a thought for people who have 
difficulty breathing when they 
are simply standing in water 
up to. their chests. 

These are people who. for a 
variety of reasons have weak 
diaphragms — that's the parti- 
'■ tion between the stomach and 
the lungs. Dunns normal 
breathing the diaphragm low- 
ers and rises automatuxdlv so 
air rushes in and out of the 
lungs. People who have weak 
diaphragm muscles find 
breathing difficult, particular- 

ly when they are trying to 
overcome the additional^ 
weight . of water surrounding 
their bodies when they go fora 
swim. - .. . 

A report in a recent issue cf ! 
the British Medical Journal ■* 
shorn how mild weakness can l 
affect different people. One£ 
man, aged 46. discovered he - 
had a problem when he went £ 
for a dip In the Thames. He - 
initially thought the cold wa- 
ter had made him breathless. -• 

In ' rather different circum- , i 
stances the breathlessness of a • 
54-year-old woman was put -! 
down to anxiety. She had 1 
been having nightmares t- 
about choking for about a V 
year and she had suffered • 
from claustrophobia after be- - 
ing buried for some hours - 
during a bombing raid in the - 

A thorough investigation 1 
showed that there was a 
physical explanation for her - 

Biter beaters 

Whether or., 
not the damp * 
spring has at- 
tracted more 
mosquitos to- 
this country is ; 
questionable. - 

Anyone who lives . near; 
marshy- land, spends sum- 
mers in Scotland or regularly . 
goes fishing knows that they: 
can be a menace any year. * 

Some people suffer severe 
reactions to mosquito bites: 
their arms or legs balloon, the . 
tissue around the bite hardens : 
and local muscles feel stiff. 
Deterring the. beasts from; 
biting is the only protection. . 

There are now two effective; 
insect repefiants available. 
Look on the label to check" 
what the constituents are and 
their strength. Diethyl 
tolnamide (popularly called- 
deet) has been around for. 

. some years and has been nsed^ 
by soldiers on Nato exercises 
in Scandinavia where mosqui- 
tos are particularly virions. It. 
is not worth buying a prepare- , 
tion with ntnch Ires than 40- 
per cent of deet in it: you will 
have to apply so much lotion 
for the job to be done 

This year, too. - prepara- 
tions containing rthohexadio! 
have been marketed. It is- 
slightiy less powerful than, 
deet -but -also less smelly; 
Jungle Formula is one of the 
best preparations containing 
deet while some of the Z-Stop 
range contain ethohexadioL 

Olivia Timbs and 
Lorraine Fraser 

«■ ☆ 

Ratatatat: where’s Albert? 



■ 1 



dtv- -« r l f 

u InffreJulyissue: 

".Jr*-- ■* Testing me ■ 

. Vfelfington bomber 
»*«'*** * The Air War 

v-.-:* ^ "rMViswrrr' 

; jft Rymgdreu^ L 

: memories 

? — Ontnow£L 20 

- Britain's leadbigwkitlon" 

^ -.While we have been 
iawsytim befiday, Al- 
'■ta- ibedtadf; up resilience 
-in ]ote London home;I 

Sally Bfuc&Oaidyne 

. ing wemrast tearrit- jdagnir.of 
Urge mfce- I xang the . pest . 
deportment . of -the . local 
-comtofl. • - •. 

: • A lady aiqwared- the next 
day who said we we had rats: I 
* feW vary ashamed and andean. 

It m worse than being told . 

. that your chlidkea had nits in 
their hafr or that a borglar had 
. been sifting throcdLyonruifc- 
derriothes.-The lady, watt on 
jto expUinjhat they lived mfhe . 

«res and asked: if. nd 'got a 
cap. . in my chamber? - It - 
sounded htintly gynaecological 
intU T realized that she was 
talking about thejdcainb Vh 
HOnduf xats brimming up into. , 
the latatoritt fike the alliga-. - 
*»” a Wew York filM » boanU , n W^»ot tbesmc B. 

and lots of ret droppings. 

By now the boss was con- 
vinced I 'was swarming with 
rats. The hunt was on. "Fetch 
a minor”, he croaked. Heav- 
ing himsdf right inside the 
cupboard, he -peered round 
with mirror and torch. After 

^ n N. 

■ V • W' ' 

wfth alarm.' Anyway, she put 
down some poison and. left.. . - 
Two days later a gentleman 
arrived. Rats, ft appears,: are. 
men’s business. He gave, me 
his card. He «ufee ll4«ty 
Rodent Officer.: He immedi- 
ately, reassured me that 1. had. 
- a cap in- inY- chamber. 

I wondered? The council ted 
an. answer to tiiat-tooc Rodent 
Deodmant, which they would 
put dowm Ttea;my only worry 
was that Albeit might have 
been Afoertine — and fertile. 

; Tte next day Albert sar- 
t $maD fmTy ret, sitting 

a triumphant yell. “Haaa me 
the gun, Bert.” Bert fumbled in 
his canvhs bag and produced 
ah evil looking pistol with a 
silencer. At leak that is what 
it looked like to me. I feared 
(he cupboard might shatter or 
the neighbours think I was 
being attacked . by Libyans. 
However, I was relieved to see 
that it" was loaded with an afr 
gun pellet. : - 

The boss wedged himself 
bade inside the cupboard, 
leant ova- the boiler and shot. 
“Got him", he choked. Bat 
there was no dying sqoeaL I 
was not surprised. I was quite 
convinced he'd shot an old pair 
of my husband's 7 sodcs that 
had fallen down behind the 

Later tint evening I went 
into the kitchen. There was 
Albert sitting miserably beside 
the fridge, dying of internal 
caused by the 

»)Vf t 



(Ruffty translated) 

Is this any way to treat a film star? 


Dear Fans, 


\ am sorry I catft pad over to your beautiful country so you 


could see me in person. But the authorities were going to lock me up! For six months! I mean 


would they do this to Nick NalteifBette Midler or Richard Dreyfuss? Would they put them in 

quarantine? No: As 1 was barking to my psychiatrist only this morning, this kind of treatment 


could leave permanent scare. But I dorft like to whine. Go see my- latest movie, 


Down arid Out in Beverly Hills. You’D find it a real howl. 



Yours pantingiy. 


Talking to 

Will the government talk to exiled 
African National Congress leader 
Oliver Tambo when he arrives in 
Britain to address the Royal 
Commonwealth Society on Mon- 
day? Until now Tambo has been 
persona non grata for ministers 
because the ANC has refused to 
renounce violence. A Foreign 
Office aide, however, met an ANC 
delegation in Lusaka earlier this 
year. Now. with the urgent need to 
act over South Africa, the mood in 
Whitehall is changing. For the first 
time the government is consid- 
ering the advantage of a meeting 
with Tambo as a way of buying 
time and approval while Mrs 
Thatcher dithers over sanctions. 
Yesterday, the ANC office in 
London said Tambo would be 
“more than happy" to hold such 
talks. Linda Chalker. Minister of 
State at the Foreign Office, would, 
by both rank and inclination, be 
the most likely candidate to do the 

Red peril 

At least Labour can unite around 
the issue of South Africa. Or can 
it? Militant launched a "Labour 
movement call to action" at the 
Commons yesterday by calling on 
Neil Kin nock and Roy Hattersiey 
to stop their support for “liberal 
capitalists" in South Africa, and 
back the ANC. What Derek 
Haiton. Dave Nellist and Terry 
Fields will have been less keen to 
mention is that Militant’s own 
campaign front organization on 
the issue, the South African 
Labour Education Programme, 
has been cold-shouldered by the 
ANC. which sensibly wants to 
avoid being identified with Trots. 

Flag waiver 

No sooner does Labour sweep 
back into power at Brent Council 
than its chief executive. Michael 
Bichard, decides to quit. After six 
years in the London borough, he 
moves in September to green and 
pleasant Gloucestershire, where 
he has been appointed chief 
executive of the (hung) county 
council. He pooh-poohs specula- 
tion that he has grown weary of the 
antics of the “loony left", whose 
latest stunt has been to fly the 
African National Congress flag 
over the Town Hall. “As a matter 
of fact I’m staring out of the 
window at it now", he told me 
calmly yesterday, when 1 rang 
him. “I have served councils of 
most political shades and it's 
never worried me." A true pro. 

• The Archbishop of Canterbury 
is planning to spend the whole of 
next Lent in retreat at All Souls 
College. Oxford. Does All Souls* 
food really constitute an appro- 
priate Lenten penance? 


It may look wonderful but. as 
London swelters, guess which 
high-tech budding's air-condition- 
ing is on the blink? The brokers 
streamed out of Lloyd's of London 
in search of electric fans yesterday. 
“We can’t put the air-conditioning 
on full until the building is 
completely occupied." S3id a 

Cook’s tour 

The Catering Advisory Commit- 
tee of Penh. Western Australia, is 
trawling Europe for 100 chefs to 
help man the city’s fleet of 
restaurants for the America's Cup 
contest this winter. Penh expects 
half a million visitors during the 
four months of Cup races and 
can’t find enough home-grown 
chefs to meet the challenge- 

Odd bod 

The government quango, the Eco- 
nomic and Social Research Coun- 
cil. has made a bit of a hash of a 
tribute to one of its former 
members who has died. An erra- 
tum slip in its latest newsletter 
points out that the obituary should 
have referred to him as "gentle 
and diffident” — not “gentle and 


1 understand that the Federation 
of Conservative Students has been 
rehabilitated, to the extent of 
being invited back to No 10. Mrs 
Thatcher restored the tradition of 
an annual chat with the FCS 
national committee earlier this 
week — last year’s having been 
cancelled amid an inquiry into the 
behaviour of its members. Vice- 
chairman Steve Nicholson and 
colleague David Getty nearly 
spoilt it. however. Hoping for a 
photocafl. they were secretly 
dutching “Ulster says No" 
stickers, ready to plant on their 
lapels before smiling for the 
camera. But no photographer 
showed up. 


London's cabbies are planning a 
guerrilla campaign to fight the 
pedestriani zati on of Oxford 
Street, rumoured to be ready for 
unveiling on Tuesday by West- 
minster City Council and the 
Oxford Street traders’ association. 
The question most frequently 
asked of cabbies by tourists is. 
“We’re going shopping: where do 
we go?" They are duly taken to 
Oxford Street. But no longer. 
Arnold Sandler, chairman of the 
Licensed Taxi Drivers Associ- 
ation tells me: “We will recom- 
mend Knightsbridge. Kensington. 
Edgware Road and many other 
nice shopping areas instead". 
Thus starved of trade, the thinking 
runs, the Oxford Streeters will be 
forced to drop the scheme. If it 
does go ahead, warns Sandler. 
“Oxford Street would become a 
wino paradise, like Leicester 

Square". PHS 

Writing off a second chance 

The fate of Birkbeck College in the 
University of London is a shame 
and a political embarrassment 
Lord Young, the Employment 
Secretary, and Kenneth Baker, at 
Education, speak approvingly of 
opportunities for adults to return 
to the classroom and lecture hall 
and equip themselves for. say. a 
changed career. Birkbeck special- 
izes in adult part-time education. 
Yet it faces so severe a cut in its 
budget that it says it may have to 

If Birkbeck College were wall- 
to-wall Cnck and Pimlott (Ber- 
nard the Labour Party political 
philosopher. Ben the historian of 
Attlee and Dalton) the cut in its 
grant might just, in these politi- 
cized limes, be understandable. 
The government, disliking both 
socialism and its putative cousin, 
social science, would applaud the 
decision of the University Grants 
Committee to cut Birkbeck's in- 
come in real terms by 30 percent 
between now and 1989. 

But that mould does not hold. 
Birkbeck is as much the home of 
conservatives such as economist 
Professor Robin Marris and The 
Times' own Professor Reger 
Sermon. It is. more to the point, 
an academic institution teachings 
full range of courses in science and 
the humanities of certifiable aca- 
demic distinction and zero politi- 
cal controversy. It teaches them 
relatively cheaply. Its customers 
are mainly aspiring and energetic 
adults willing to give up their own 
time and money to the business of 
self-improvement. As its staff 
point out. a latter-day Samuel 
Smiles would surely applaud. 

The fate of Birkbeck seems to 
have been determined by ac- 

Davjd Walker sees the threat to Birkbeck 
College as part of a government 
assault on higher education generally 

cidem. and that is even more 
disturbing than any conspiracy. 
Neither the UGC nor the govern- 
ment appears to have willed a 
financial crisis on Birkbeck. In 
principle its fate lies in the hands 
of the court or governing body of 
the University of London, which 
is responsible for the allocation of 
money to constituent colleges. 
The u n i verity says Birkbeck's 
demise is a by-product of the 
financial squeeze. 

Birkbeck is not unique. Higher 
education policy making has. in 
recent years, been a chapter of 
accidents. Although the govern- 
ment had said it wanted more 
science and technology students, 
the UGC in 1981 reserved its 
severest cuts for such universities 
as Aston and Salford, specialists in 
applied science. 

It is in the context of talk by 
education ministers in favour of 
continuing and part-time educa- 
tion and second chances for adults 
that Birkbeck's cut looks so bad. 
The UGC has produced a scheme 
that will, within two years, force 
the college's closure unless its 
authorities increase fees or lay off 
personnel or in some other way (in 
the staffs estimation) fun- 
damentally alter its character. 

That character is anomalous 
within the university world. 
Founded in the 1 820s. the 
college's ambition was to educate 
students in the "principles of the 
arts they practise and in the 

various branches of science and 
useful knowledge” — poignant 
phrases in the light of the 
government's ambitions to make 
higher education more voca- 
tionally attuned. 

Birkbeck became a specialist 
provider of courses for people in 
work, its lectures and seminars 
taking place largely in the evening. 
During the educational boom of 
the 1960s it considered becoming 
a more conventional institution 
and made moves, for example, to 
take on postgraduates and engage 
in research. But its undergraduate 
education retains a peculiar 
character. It is the only institution 
in higher education a pan from the 
Open University dedicated to 
pan-time degrees for adults. 

The UGC sought to rationalize 
spending patterns between the 
universities (something enjoined 
by all the government-approved 
efficiency studies of recent years). 
It determined that part-time 
undergraduate education should 
be paid for on a single formula, 
applicable to universities where 
part-time provision is small and 
marginal as much as to Birkbeck. 
The one chosen wiU cut the 
amount of money Birkbeck has for 
each student — from 80 per cent of 
the amount allowed full-timers, to 
50 per cent. 

The UGC, leaving nothing to 
chance, also recommended that 
Birkbeck reduce its student num- 
bers (denominated as “full-time 

equivalents') from 2.317 in 1985- 
86 to 1.387 by 1989-90. Back- 
ground factors worth bearing in 
mind indude the UGCs judge- 
ment (stoutly resisted by Birkbeck 
staff, naturally) that five of its 

subject areas rank as below av- 
erage. four are average and two are 
better than average. Birkbeck. 
according to this classification, 
merits no stars. In addition, most 
Birkbeck students pay their fees 
themselves and. except those who 
are unemployed, pay income tax. 

Birkbeck could try to break even 
by raising its fees by 250 per cent 
it could try to buck the UGC and 
increase the number of its stu- 
dents. increasing lecture and semi- 
nar sizes. The former would choke 
off demand, says Birkbeck. The 
latter, even if it were permitted, 
would degrade the quality of 
education on offer. The college 
could also try to slough off its 
postgraduate and research work. 
None of this can easily be rec- 
onciled with the government’s 
professed enthusiasm for second- 
chance education. 

The UGC is not to blame. It 
makes its judgements on standard 
academic criteria within financial 
limits set by the government, 
which has suggested no other 
norms for dividing up the money. 
As for lower cost part-time educa- 
tion. the Open University, which 
is directly controlled by the 
Department of Education and 
Science, has suffered financial 
reductions as severe as those 
imposed on the other universities. 

The conclusion must be that the 
British government, alone in the 
western world, wants less higher 
education. Birkbeck is merely an 
institutional victim of that policy. 

After the libel action, John Casey on Taki’s barbed and wounding art 

Malice in wonderland 

Gossip columnists should in- 
vent — that is. they should invent 
characters to satirize real foibles, 
rather than invent foibles to 
wound real people. The first and 
subtlest gossip writers were Steele 
and Addison. Through Sir Roger 
de Coveriey. a fictitious Tory 
squire, Addison with a deceptive 
geniality brought into tolerant 
contempt a whole political class. 
Addison presented himself as the 
civilized urbane observer of a 
society which he knew intimately. 
He was not an outsider but a well- 
disposed critic. He linked journal- 
ism to a literary tradition that can 
be traced back to Horace. 

The best columnists are still 
those — few in number — who ac- 
tually know the people they write 
about, share most of their values, 
but hate a good number of their 

Judged by these standards. 
Grovel of Private Eye has a less 
than sure touch. He was recently 
reduced to describing the antics in 
a London restaurant of an obscure 
East End solicitor who was in- 
volved in a fracas with his dining 
companion. It was reminiscent of 
Mr Chatterbox's dilemma in 
Waugh's Tile Bodies when a libel 
case had made it impossible for 
him to describe anyone in Society 
at all: “in a single day Mr 
Chatterbox’s readers find them- 
selves plunged into a murky 
underworld of non-entity. They 
were shown photographs of the 
mis-shapen daughters of back- 
woods peers carrying buckets of 
meal to their fathers' chickens 
. . . They heard of tea dances in 
Gloucester Terrace and jokes 
made at High Table by dons” 
(This is in Tact not unlike the 
current gossip columns of certain 
present-day newspapers, with the 
BBC substituting for the Irish 

Most modem gossips feel that 
they have to describe real people. 
Taki seems to. but in fact he 
invents real people who do not 
exist His characters have the 
names of real people but are a 
novelist's creations to which real 
names have been attached but 
who might equally have been 
called Mr Sneerwell. Miss Win- 
some. or Lord Fatpurse. His world 
consists of people crying out to be 
made into characters, and Taki 

It is a perilous activity in a 
world with libel laws, but the only 
point of a gossip column is to 
invent a world in which one can be 
interesting and amusing, and at 
the same lime make a satirical 

Charles Moore silent on his agonizing chojce 

High Life high jump? 

Digby Anderson 

Gonrmandizing a la Grecque 

Auberon Waugh 

Me, I hate everyone 

point. Few writers are capable of 
this, and they simply tell lies, 
because they lack the imagination 
to create fictions. 

Taki. by contrast, is in the 
tradition of Addison, and writes 
moral essays under the guise of 
gossip. The world of monsters, 
arrivistes and vulgarians which be 
invokes, and in which he lives, 
gi ves readers of the Spectator week 
by week a wholly endurable sense 
of moral superiority. And he is 
artist enough to make a fictitious 
"character" out of himself — the 
boastful Greek who is always 
getting girls into trouble, the 
drunkard, the middle-aged man 
who regularly has to be toiled out 
by his rich father. 

Take a typical Taki paragraph, 
written after his release from a 
three-month sentence in Penton- 
ville for a drugs offence: “My. 
what a difference a season makes. 
Last winter, while languishing in 
North London, each day — as 
poor old Oscar pul it — felt like a 
year, a year whose days are long. 
Now the opposite is true. 1 have 

just spent 10 days in my favourite 
city and they flew by as fast as 
Mussolini’s Alpine heroes fled 
when the Greek army counter- 
attacked in Albania in 1940. I 
guess it is the ultimate irony that 
good times fly. while tod times 
drag on.” 

Taki is unable to describe a visit 
to New York without mentioning 
at the same time his political 
sympathies and a sense of 
superiority that he, a Greek, 
affects to feel to the Italians. The 
whole performance is magnifi- 
cently egoistic. 

So 1 am sorry that Taki lost the 
libel action brought against him. I 
am sorry also that in court he was 
reduced to making solemn 
speeches about Greek codes of 
honour. I had always supposed 
that being Greek was simply one 
of his agreeable fictions. He has 
certainly given every sign of 
despising the Greeks, referring to 
them (I seem to remember) as 
“bandy-legged”. He also wrote 
that the Elgin Marbles should not 
be returned because the Greeks are 
unworthy of them. A man of such 

sound instincts is obviously some- 
thing more than a simple gossip 
These reflections are prompted 
in part by my own recent disagree- 
able experience of being libelled in 
- a well-loved satirical magazine. 
The case ended with a very 
satisfactory settlement to me that 
is. Inferior gossips lack any genu- 
ine satirical purpose, and therefore 
lend themselves easily to purely 
private malice. It is hard to claim 
that malice was entirely absent 
from the Taki column which led to 
this week's libel case, but extrava- 
gant malice is one of the extrava- 
gant conventions that make the 
Taki column so absurdly enjoy- 
able. Besides, even Homer 
nods .... 

Journalists complain tirelessly 
that the English -libel laws are 
“ferocious”. Yet the truth is that 
to carry through an action for libel 
is a hideous experience. One fs 
surrounded by the faint-hearted 
who ceaselessly point out the 
perils. If one is not rich (and libel 
is certainly a game only for the 
rich) one faces the prospect, if one 
goes to court and loses, of finan- 
cial ruin. The uncertainty is 
increased by the extraordinary 
Mind-man's bluff of “payments 
into court”, according to which if 
one gets even a pound less than 
one's opponents have paid in one 
has to pay their costs. One also 
becomes obsessed with the case, 
and a bore to one's friends. The 
sad case of Dickens's Miss Slyte, 
who consumed her life haunting 
the Court of Chancery looking for 
justice, always beckons from the 
wings. So I have some sympathy 
for Mrs Marrie-Riviere too. 

For outsiders, however, the 
Taki case has added to the stock of 
harmless pleasure. People were 
given the opportunity to feel 
superior to a lot of unpleasantly 
rich Greeks and yet to sympathize 
with Mrs Marrie-Riviere as (very 
becomingly) rite dabbed her eyes 
in court. Charles Moore, editor of 
the Spectator, was given his day in 
court (which the settlement in my 
own case denied him). The 
appearance of a genuine English 
gentleman in the midst of this 
galere was a fine dramatic touch. 

One thing remains troubling: 
Talti Tbeodoracopulos will surely 
not persuade people to use 
“catamite” as a term for a wine 
waiter, in place of the more 
familiar “Ganymede”. 

Dr Casey, a Cambridge don. was 
recently awarded substantial dam- 
ages in a libel case against Private 

Yankee stay out— Mexico says it again 

Mexico City 

One of the more curious staging 
posts on the Mexico City tourist 
itinerary is the Museum of Inter- 
vention. The museum, in a former 
convent keeps a minute, religious 
record of every US intervention 
on Mexican soil since the early 
19th century. 

Particular attention is given to 
the Mexican-American war of 
1847-8. A roomful of flags, bayo- 
nets. engravings and pictures of 
blood-stained heroes recalls the 
advance of the US army from the 
port of Vera Cruz to Mexico City. 
The subsequent surrender, re- 
called as the most bitter episode in 
post-colonial Mexican history. led 
to the secession of what is* now 
California. Arizona. New Mexico 
and pan of Texas to the United 
Slates. Shaded maps all over the 
museum walls offer a reminder of 
what every Mexican all too pain- 
fully knows, that were it not for 
"Yankee” aggression Mexico 
would today be twice the size of 
ihe United Slates instead of the 
Other way around. 

The total number of US inter- 
ventions in Mexico, most or them 
barely a footnote in US history, is 
said to be 163 — a figure Mexican 
schoolchildren learn from an early 
□gc. From reading the Mexican 
press recently one might imagine 

that No 164 had just taken place. 
Anti-US rage has dominated the 
political pages as much as World 
Cup fever has the sports. 

Ai a widely-publicized Senate 
sub-commiucc hearing in Wash- 
ington Iasi month. State Depart- 
ment hard man Elliot Abrams and 
other officials launched into what 
Mexican officials called a ’’Me.x- 
ico-bashing" exercise, accusing the 
Mexican government of corrup- 
tion. drug trafficking and electoral 

Many Latin American govern- 
ments would have willed before 
such an assault — founded in large 
measure on Washington's frustra- 
tion at Mexican intractability on 
the Central American problem. 
Some might even have fallen. 
After all. most of the accusations, 
as any Mexican will tell you. are 
true. But the attack has united the 
country's political Forces behind 
President Miguel de la Madrid 
played and hts ruling Institutional 
Revolutionary Party (PRI). 
presenting the government with 
an opportunity to act with author- 
ity and distract attention from 
what is popularly perceived to be 
an abysmal three and a half years 
in power. Facing the worst eco- 
nomic crisis of its 57 years 
uninterrupted rule, the PRI would 
never have believed that the 

American right, of all people, 
would come to the rescue. And 
precisely at a time when, building 
on World Cup passions, the PRI 
leaders, it has been leamL had 
decided to draw on Mexican 
nationalism — which is synony- 
mous with anti-Americanism —as 
the central strategy in its aim to 
keep popular discontent at bay. 

The government's most fierce 
opponents on the left have 
marched with PRI congressional 
deputies in ami-US rallies. Left- 
wing magazines have been leaping 
to the government's defence. 

What Washington cannot 
understand is that, precisely be- 
cause of its history of American 
interventions. Mexico cannot pos- 
sibly support President Reagan in 
his attempt to overthrow the 
Nicaraguan government. Yes. but 
Mexico could keep quieL people 
in Washington might argue. Even 
that is out of the question because 
calculated anti-Americanism has 
proved to be a key ingredient over 
the years in the PRI's shrewd 
retention of power. 

To Washington’s bewilderment. 
Mexico over the past few years has 
voted against the Unitcd States in 
the United Nations more often 
than any other country outside the 
Soviet bloc. The fact is that in 

Mexico foreign policy is simply 
another element of internal policy. 

Applying the cold logic of power, 
the PRI has learnt to draw- 
strength from passions that all 
Mexicans feel. 

Mexico City’s Museum of Inter- 
vention is a neat manifestation of 
these raw anti-American feelings, 
founded on resentment not just at 
a history of military bullying, 
political meddling, economic 
domination and cultural penetra- 
tion but also, tragically, on a deep- 
rooted sense of racial inferiority. 
Joined by a 2.000-mile border, the 
Mexicans and Americans, it has 
been said, are trapped in a 
marriage without possibility of 
divorce, a marriage in which the 
Mexicans arc doomed always to 
play the role of the weaker partner. 
Any US attempt to exploit that 
weakness will always harden the 
Mexicans' resistance. 

There is a paradox, however, in 
all this. Without knowing it. those 
in Washington who so furiously 
lash out at the Mexicans are 
helping, in the end. to achieve 
what is. unquestionably, the 
overwhelming goal of US policy in 
Mexico — to keep the country 
unified and stable. 

John Carlin 

David Watt 

Empty gesture 
with a point 

What is happening to British 
public opinion over South Africa. 
Is anything much happening at 
all? It is a striking result ot the 
recent Harris opinion poll on the 
subject that even now no more 
than 50 per cent can be found to 
say that South Africa ought to be 
ruled by the black majority. 
Likewise, when sanctions are pro- 
posed which involve the pre- 
occupations of ordinary people, 
they are not notably keen on them. 
A ban on sporting links with South 
Africa is opposed by 68 per cent 
and on air links by 64 per cent: 70 
per cent say they still buy goods 
labelled “South African”. 

The conclusion from these fig- 
ures is that two thirds of the great 
British public is not greatly con- 
cerned one way or die other. They 
may mutter “Isn’t it terrible?” as 
they watch the television pictures, 
but ii all seems pretty remote. The 
exceptions — who include the 
politicians, the media, the 
churches, the liberal intelligentsia 
and the 1.2 million Britons who 
are estimated to have family links 
with South Africa — may mind 
very - much and may have powerful 
voices, but numerically they are 
still in a fairly small minority. 

Why do so many of this group 
care quite so passionately, and 
why are so many of them wedded 
to the idea of sanction:? Why 
should they be so much more 
more agonized about repression in 
South Africa, disgusting as it is. 
than about repression in a dozen 
other countries, not least the 
Soviet Union? 

Has racial persecution under 
President Botha any genuine 
claim to be considered more 
morally obnoxious in principle 
than political persecution under 
Pol Pot or religious persecution 
under the Ayatollah Khomeini? 
Why should people who insist on 
black majority rule in South 
Africa be perfectly prepared to 
countenance the constitutions of 
Belgium or Fiji, which reserve 
rights for specific racial groups? 

I would tentatively answer these 
questions under three headings — 
historical, political, and practical. 
Historically, the reverse side of 
British imperialism was always a 
liberal concern for the “subject 
peoples". In the case of the African 
empire this has had a particularly 
strong moral tinge. The generous 
enthusiasm of the anti-slavery 
movement, the zeal of the An- 
glican missionary, the paternalist 
exertions of the District Officer all 
have their echoes in what is being 
said today. A lingering sense of 
real responsibility, even guilt, 
survives in British attitudes to 
Southern Africa - and. of course, 
the racial situation in modern 
Britain ensures that emotional 
sensitivity is constantly renewed. 

Politically, the South .African 
issue is extremely awkward for the 
government. It splits the Conser- 
vative Party. It obliges Mrs 
Thatcher to display her char- 
acteristic virtues — dislike of hyp- 
ocrisy and concern for national 
interests — in the most un- 

svmpaibeiic light. Conversely, it 
unites Labour in a virtuous pos- 
ture which cames almost no 
political cost. Most potential La- 
bour voters cannot appreciate the 
real cost of sanctions in terms of 
British jobs and services, and as 
long as w hites are not being killed . 
in large numbers there is no anti- 
black backlash in the working 
men’s dubs to worry about. No 
wonder Messrs Kinnock and 
Healey are malting ibe most of iL 

Practically, the most powerful 
rational motive for a deeper 
preoccupation with South Africa 
is the belief that by taking action 
we can actually change the behav- 
iour of its government whereas as 
with (say) the Russians we are 
simplv beating our heads against a 
brick wall. This notion underlies 
tiie conclusions of the Common- 
wealth Eminent Persons Group. It 
happens, in my opinion, to be 
completely wrong. 

Sanctions are not invariably 
pointless, but in the South African 
case there is no reason to suppose 
that an Afrikaner government 
would abandon what it sees as its 
vital interests under external pres- 
sure. anv more than the Israeli — 
or the ‘ Soviet - government 
would do. 

The trouble is that it is psycho- 
logically almost impossible for 
most would-be policy-makers to 
accept this proposition. They start 
from the position that “we can't 
just do nothing”, for to do nothing 
would (a) expose them to charges 
of being “morally indifferent" and 
"passing by on the other side” and 
(b) cause unacceptable damage to 
relations with other countries who 
are determined that gestures most 
be made. So we decide we must 
make a gesture ourselves. 

But how can we possibly explain 
that the gesture is empty? Human 
nature being what it is. we dutch 
at implausible reasons for the 
gesture being meaningful — that 
sanctions have already made Bo- 
tha move (when everyone knows 
that the abolition of the pass laws 
has been cooking for five years) or 
that less sense of isolation will 
diminish black violence (when 
everyone knows that the ANC 
leadership has already lost control 
of what is happening in the 

The ingredients of this powerful 
brew- could be drastically altered if 
there really is a bloodbath in 
South Africa, if our papers are 
filled with details of anti-while 
atrocities. Indifference could give 
way to near-racist outrage and 
liberal opinions to despair. But by 
that time the sanctions issue 
would have long been settled. Any 
British government, if absolutely 
forced to choose between its 
interests in South Africa and those 
in the rest of the world, will throw 
South Africa to the wolves. 

We have far more to lose in the 
second instance. It is this consid- 
eration. rather than domestic 
political pressure, that will ul- 
timately cause Mrs Thatcher to 
agree to further sanctions in 
August. i 

moreover . . , Miles Kington 

Rage against the 
dying of the light 

Thanks to the Moreover computer, 
cricket writing has been enlivened 
recently by contributions from 
such worthy writers as Raymond 
Chandler and Lewis Carroll. To- 
day we are lucky enough to get a 
cricket report from the one and 
only Dylan Thomas. 

First Commentator: It is early 
morning, slow-dawning day here 
at the ground. Stumps lie in 
dumps, toils lie in bales, and the 
nets are slack and empty. Listen. 
All you can hear is the popping of 
the popping crease. A seagull 
overshoots the ground and crashes 
on yesterday's sandwiches. Down 
the rich green kingdom of the 
outfield there is nothing but grass. 
If you listen carefully, you can 
hear it growing. 

Second Commentator And we'll 
hear that again in slow motion. 
First Commentator: Listen. It is 
early morning, years before the 
match starts, and there is dew m 
the air. dew on the ground, dew 
everywhere. It will be a slow- 
turning. slow burning, quick- 
learning wicket. On the pitch, 
ghosts of former English captains 
inspect the turf. 

First ghost: I would pul them in. 
Second ghost: I would start the 
batting myself, and be 190 not out 
by lunch. 

Third ghost: I would make sure of 
winning the toss first for which I 
always had my lucky double- 
headed coin. 

Second Commentator Listen, it is 
nearly time to start now. Behind 
the scoreboard, the man who 
controls the numbers is giving 
them drill. 

Scoreboard man: 2 was very lazy 
yesterday. This must not happen 

First Commentator: Listen. Tbe 
heavy roller is rolling, the umpire 
is tiying on his while coat for 
surgical decisions, and in the 
cheap seats little Miss Muffel is 
preparing for her streak across the 
pitch at lunch-time. 

Miss Muffek 1 only want them to 
bring ian Botham back! 

Second Commentator Have you 
been sent a cake by a listener, 

First Commentator: 1 have that. It 
is full of cherries, and baked with 

Second Commentator Who's a 
lucky boy. then? 

First Commentator. Meanwhile, 
in the pavilion, the Very Reverend 

Cuthbert Mi Hinder is getting into 
place for start of play. He has sat in 
the same seat since 1946. 

Very Rev Mi] Linder One day in 
1961 I found a man sitting in ray 
seat. He was wearing the tie of an 
inferior regiment and eating po- 
tato crisps, so 1 told him sharply 
that the seat was reserved for the 
Bishop. and he left reluctantly. He 
has never come back, though I 
have been keeping an eye open for 
him ever since. 

First Commentator And the Very 
. Reverend Millinder stares out at 
the pitch which he has not been 
able to see property since 1969. 
Pigeons strut on the grass, spar- 
rows turn googlies in the air and a 
small spider sets off to cross the 
ground, unaware he has three days 
walk in front of him. 

Second Commentator In a snail 
room, the two umpires give each 
other a final check. 

First umpire: Got your six coins? 
Second umpire: Got your funny 
white hat? 

First umpire: Got your spare 
sweater for cold bowlers? 

Second umpire; Got your big shiny 
finger to stick in the air? 

First ampins Then let's go and 
inspect the pitch, and see if it’s still 

First Commentator In the stands 
the crowd is assembling, if you can 
call seven hundred deadly quiet 
people a crowd Lei us go among 
them and hear their inner 

Spectator Can’t see England win- 
ning this one. Jim. 

Second Commentator Let us. on 
second thoughts, not go among 
them. Let us instead watch the two 
opening batsmen stride, calm as 
archbishops, to the altar of the 
pilch, to celebrate God’s holy 

Batsman: Play carefully to begin 
with, then? 

Second Batsman: Yes. And when 

Batsman: . . . we go into a defen- 
sive shell. 

Second Batsman: Yes. Then after 
that ... 

Batsman: ... go in for lunch. 
Second Batsman: Yes. 

First Commentator So the umpire 
gives guard, like a priest dispens- 
ing guarded blessings, and the 
bowler charges in like a train 

forgetting to stop at a station 

Second Commentator And play 
for the day has finally started. 



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1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 41(X) 


iiW u. - A . 

>*.•■ ‘The Church of England, like that may opt out has made 

- /an army in the field, is now significant a contribution 

ik.Hi Rialfino itc ralnilatinne'nf mlr ’• Anpliran iHpntilv that ti 

: :-i -_i 1 ^_ i ' 

further towards the-ordination 
" of women. It is Seed with even 
'greater casualties if it does noL 
...... ^ ; The issue turns out not to be 

■^r. • -V^^nSjf .just one ;of those doctrinal 
>assuesojn. which Anglicans can 


■r-w h 

without iL Is it worth it -they 
ask.- ■ i 1 ;: 

■ The 1 Church - of England 
would be well advised to refer 
back to ils origins and to the 
nature of the social compact 

explain. It would, in short, 
propel the Church of England 
towards the status of a secL - 
. This has ’ to be set . against 
' this week's; warning from the 
; synod committee: that a split .in 
the .church might lead- lo the 

disestablishment of either part 

or both; But,' in a more 
- profound; way, ’ a refusal to 
ordain women would be no 

vv-i'-Tfi. ^ - passionately disagree and then with English society which its less a step towards dis- 

*" * ^Wlnallu nacannatiilu omw In ' imnlioc AT all nnc. I* 

fS 'equally passionately agree to existence implies. Of all pos- 
; j differ. It is a practical matter' sibfe formulations of this 

’ ' /.not open to fudging. Jesuitical 


V. - j 

skills are no use here. Either 
.women are allowed ordination 
jor they are not. ] . ' _ ‘ i 

' VJ ’ h ‘ . The Church is isiraply and 
\ * ri ; .; J 5 ^ ufa r.profoundly divided. And os a 
&*}, consequence of that division 

• ur.dn? 1 Ui fc - the Church of England is faced 

"■ ‘ ' ' “ 


^ . 

-for the first time in. three 
.centuries with questions about 
—the meaning and purpose of its 
-'Very existence. No longer is the 
issue before the next meeting 
-of the General Synod next 
month simply, whether women 

. M v ;• can or should be priests. 

-The arguments lean signifi- 
cantly towards the view that 
- they should. A majority of the 

• C'lbsw - mey snowa. a majority oi me 
- ’ JC ' ,v Wl2 ^Church accepts , that Ibis is the 
Tease. In the opposite balance 

Llairo^ ‘i ..<rslp 1ip« thf* mnvirfinn anrf 

‘Es**:. scale lies, the conviction and 
/• ^^"determination of the minority 
’-"-•t. -' whose ' leaders 

relationship, probably, the tru- 
est stiH is that “Anglicanism is 
the . natural . religion of the 
.English.? When people say 
- “the: church” they mean the 
-Church : of England- - When 
people-: feet: the ronset : of a 
religious .impulse, dr the need 
for some fe0gi6us ceremonial 
to lend, dignity and depth to 
birth, marriage or death, it is to 
the Church of England that the 
-great majority naturally looks. 

Indeed, - when religion is 
seen to be in retreat, it is 
largely a retreat from An- 
glicanism that is perceived- 
Tbe consequence is that this 
natively - English kind of 
Christianity can never allow 
itself to move too far from 
popular sentiment - can never, 

: for instance, ; espouse eatises 
which are totally opaque to an 
average Englishman (or .more 
particularly, in this context, an 
average Englishwoman.) Not 

establishment It would break 
a vital connection between the 
church and what have become 
established English cultural 
norms oh the status and 
_ treatment of women. ■ ' . . ■' 

’ . It can .be signed, of course, 
.that there is another aspect to 
the social compact which 
counts the other way; The 
Church of England, since the 
Elizabeth Settlement has been 
an umbrella church, capable of 
holding in the envelope of 
comprehensiveness as many 
shades of Christianity as the 
English can devise. Each exists 
not m its purest strain, but 
necessarily qualified by co- 
existence with different 
schools. The fundamentalist 
who loves to denounce liberal- 
ism knows he shares the same" 
church with liberals, and so his_ 
frmdame n' ifl1i<sm ~ k . that iittle_ 
bit short of absolute. The 
Romanist who prays for the 
Pope knows he belongs with 
the ardent Protestant in the 

are openly 
threatening to jeopardise An- 
il glican unity. And a principal 

: t0 ordain women would open same religious femily: and be 

"«V. the church lo this risk, it knows what he can do if he 

'fulfilling. A pan of the^hurch would ^ oppose ^ his _ doe s not like it. too. 

toric process of female 
emancipation and equality, on 
the grounds that there are 
esoteric differences between 
men and women which 
Christianity alone knows 

■ :may have to opt out, either on 
;:\*£ ‘"civilised and decent terms or 

• « with acrimony and bitterness, 

. simply because it has threat- 
■ ^ ened to do so. . . 

• lui; g i 

■uZ rS: - To some this would be an 

■-7K5 : -'^nailoyed disaster. TTie port - about L biit ednnot eonvincingly 

But this principle of doc- 
trinal comprehensiveness can- 
not be used to dodge the 
practical issue of: women 
priests; One may wish that this 
was -not the 'case but ’One 
cannoiwish it away':; 


' i 




- How neat and simple it would 
- . be if the breakdown In agreed 
J T - r procedures for carrying out the 
.7, - business of local authorities 

'.5 - could be ascribed to a new 
■ Tex treme-minded element 
■.■•ttva "widiin the Labour Party. The 
ra municipal left does bear much 
to* -responsibility for breaching 

- accepted conyentiohs^-fer its 
■ : - 5 greed . for the spoils dof local 

office and its self-righteous 
" / - immoderation In powef. But 

; That is notthe whole story.: ■; 

. A more satisfying narrative 
. -‘i- _wou!d take in the expansion of 
. . local authority functions and 
r the grandiosity of the munid- 
— - pal empire builLup-during the 
1960s and 1970s, without 
proper attention: lo the politi- 
cal mecbanisms.1 And., since 
1980 there can be no escape 
from the facts of a government 
policy which has attempied to ' 
squeeze council spending, 
notably in the urban areas, . 
without also examining coun- 
cil functions and purposes and 
the adequacy of the machinery 
• for carrying out at reduced 
-cost a multitude of purposes 
enjoined on councils by the 
•central government There has 
been for six years an unmistak- 
J-able drift of powers and de- 
. cision-making to the centre, to 
r.Ministers acting with great 

- powers of discretion ■ and 

- departments of -Government 
' T barely accountable to/- F^r- 
..b'amcnl in their dealings^ This ■ 
. drift has crippled Conser- 
Tvative. counties and moderate 
; Labour cities as weH as the new 
•- left’s citadels.- A dispassionate 


review would take all this in. 

The Widdicombe commit- 
tee has been modest and 
reticent It has made scant 
reference to the changed politi- 
cal- and administrative context 
of local' government in the 
;i 980s, ; concentrating "instead 
• Oil practical • steps %o .make-the 
' Town -halls work betferi It has 
produced remofefor somepf 
-the obvioitt abuses of power 
by : the - nroriicijral left; More 
Topetrapporntmentsqf officers, 
f a. formula to: prevent serving 
council officials standing as 
councillors- in ' neighbouring 
authorities, a clearer boundary 
. defining legal expenditure . with 
a more active role for the 
district auditors in policing it 
. .These are welcome, and the 
last perhaps comes with Mr 
Widdicombe’s personal 
stamp. . . 

-- He is after-all the-QC-who 
represented the district auditor 
in 1982 when, he failed in his 
argument that certain spend- 
ing by Camden Council was 
illegal, and so failed also to nip 
in the bud both the 
buregeoning career - of Ken 
Livingstone, then a Camden 
councillor, and to send asignal . 
to other Labour local authori- 
ties about the extravagance of 
their spending -patterns. A 
: victory in that case could have 
changed The course' of events, 
'.and pc&i>.Iy. even- made -tite 
Widdicombe committee un- 
necessaryV V ". . . 

The Widdicombe inquiry 
was launched m a rpefrtisan 
spirit . by Ministers • who 

seemed to have made up their 
minds in advance that legisla- 
tion was needed to curb the 
capacity of local authorities lo 
rouse public opinion against 
their policies. This back- 
ground unfortunately colours 
a . set of. .. recommendations 
; which' are ^siblcani within 
. local 'government Gkdy 
uncobtroversial. - ' *" 

} > ‘‘Pdriiics" . >ip -'' : --the 
t Widdicombe vocabulary is. an 
mtcuave: element: in the. con- 
duct of-toCal affairs. By politics 
it understands ideology, 

' manifestos, conviction, ob^i- 
ence to principle rather than 
pragmatic government accord- 
. to ci re u m sta n ce. 

Widdicombe might have ad- 
' dressed the argument that 
-politics iS bad for councils but 
i vitaj ^nd. necessary for Par- 
Hamem, that councils -are 
somehow a more neutral 
branch of democratic self- 
government. It does not 

Nor does it ponder what sort 
of animal local authority 
would be if politics — continu- 
ous struggle over the raising 
and spending of tax money — 
; were evacuated from its cham- 
bers and committees. Ensuring 
. that the rules of the local 
political game are fair is one 
• thing, and Widdicombe makes 
useful notes about committee 
: structure and openness. Bin 
local 'government: without 
politics would be a contradic- 
tion ?ri terms.\ll wquld be a 
mere vessel for central admin- 
- isiration. 


Acoms to oaks on the job scene 

From Mr James Pildiich 
Sir. While the findings of Sir 
Austin Bide’s Occupations Study 
Grdup may make gloomy reading, 
as you say. we need not be too 
pessimistic (report. June 13). It 
has been known for years that, to 
paraphrase an MIT (Manchester 
Institute . of Technology! study, 
. “bj£- firms- shed Jobs: small firms 
createlhem”. • 

' ' S«ond fruiis ofdhe enterprise 
culture you refer to are not easy to 
•. forecast with precision; -. 

Third, the shape of Woric is 
altering so much that con- 
ventional yardsticks have less 

Fourth, particularly through the 
MSC (Manpower Services 
Commission), the Government is 
doing a good deal 
. In 1981 the firm I was then with 
bought a microelectronics com- 
. pany in Coventry. It employed 
: five people. Today, thanks 10 the 
. drive of its creator, the firm has 
more than 60 people. - A year or 
two later we started a computer- 
based iriaiket research' company, 
also in Coventry. Today it em- 
. ploys 120- people or more. 

Both companies may be exam- 
ples of what can happen in an 
enterprise culture of the sort Lord 
Young and others are encourag- 
ing. Neither could readily have 
been predicted by a long-range 

But there is a brake. It took 
thousands of pounds to find some 

of those people, This country is 
alarroit«ly_.-uxitfcr-skilled. Yet_ 
while some pans of government 
are spendii^ hugely to train* 

J_ people 'for jobs, others plan* to reported, 
reduce the number of courses in Yours faithfully, 
colleges. That is a puzzle. 

As to the changing pattern: 
recent analysis of where students 
(of design in this case) go when 
they leave college showed that 
some 13 percent started their own 

firm orchose to freelance. Increas- 
ingly. wc can be sure, people will 
want to “do their own thing” like 

Sincerely. . 


62 Cadogan Square. SWj. ■ ■ 

From Mr Richard Pearson 
Sir. The article by Patrick Miafotd 
(June 18) seriously misrepons the 
methodology underlying the .IMS 
-(Institute of Manpower Studies) 
forecasts of employment over the 
period to 1990. The forecasts were 
made on the basis of employers’ 
own plans and expectations and 
used employers' own assumptions 
about future economic growth. 
Professor Minford is wrong in 
stating that we told employers 
what assumptions to make about 
economic growth. 

The study is based on expecta- 
tions of what will happen under 
. prevailing-conditions. It is dearly 
.right to consider alternative 
scenarios when discussing poli- 
cies. -It was not. however, our brief 

- to speculate on ' ihe effects- of 
hypothetical policies, nor 'was it 
our brief to set out recommenda- 

Our aims, and those of the OSG 
(Occupations Study Group), were 
to set out a benchmark on 
information about future employ- 
ment trends and. importantly, 
about the underlying causes* draw- 

- ing on the plans and expectations 
of employers. 

The intention is for the study to 
.be usedis a focus o£public_debate,_ 
but we hope that in the process the 
basis of the report is not mis- 1 

Associate Director. 

Institute of Manpower Studies, 
Man tell Building. 

University of Sussex. 
Falroer.Brighton. Sussex. 

Sex education 

From the General Secretary of the 
Family Planning Association 
•Sir, Lord Buckmaster's letter 
(June 16) makes misleading 
allegati ons about sex education. 
aridThe Family Planning Associ- 

births were 1 16.500, which 
dropped to 75.000 in 1983. 

About half of that decrease was 
brought about by the availability 
of abortion. But the rest was the 
result of factors such as - better 
- youth advisory wvirK gnd 
increasing availability ' of sex 

ation without evidence to support education »h ai equips young peo- 


. .The monolingual Briton 
^ abroad is a much-ridiculed 
stereotype. Either he bawls 
' instructions in 'pidgin English 
;at his unfortunate foreign 
^ interlocutor, or he stands red- 
r faced and tongue-tied, com- 
pete m to translate Cicero or 
even Proust but not to book a 
ivftoiel room. 

-->• The stereotype tends to. 

obscure the fact that Britain 
“also produces some of the best 
^linguists in the world.. T& e 
-..failure lies in the inability, of 
'- our education system to pro- 
vide the less linguistically able 
--'••with' the means of expressing 
themselves in another tongue. 

This deficiency.’, has .now 
1%-been recognized in -a draft 
policy statement issued-by -the 
Department of Education and 
•- Science.- The statement goes a 
Jong way towards diagnosing 
’ the problems: the reluctance of 
. . school pupils, especially boys, 
to study foreign languages, the 
literary base of advanced lan- 
guage courses, and the almost 
"total domination' of French as 
a first foreign language. 

The measures proposed to 
y remedy the defects, however, 
to: arc less convincing: that more 
'. pupils should- study a foreign 
* fanguage at' school* for longer, 
that more attention should be 
paid lo conwiumcaiiifgjn the 
language and that there should 

be more opportunities to study 
languages other than French. 

The desirability oflearning a 
language for longer cannot be 
contested in principle/ But the 
present .reluctance, of -school 
pupils ' ter study a . foreign 
-language at alt. isunlilccly to be 
lessened by extending the com- 
pulsory periodof the course! It 
is not just a matter of making 
the leaching interesting and 
applicable to real situations — 
the proliferation of audio- 
visual methods and the ease .of 
European travel have trans- 
formed language teaching in 
recent;years. I tr matter of 
convuicing pupils, .who quite 
"• rightly percei ve English to!be a 
world language. that_the ^6rt 
.rueeded to^gajn proficiency is 
worthwhile. _ / 

Once that hutdle hasten 
overcome/ extending the range 
of languages taught at school 
might of itself generate greater 
interest. -French is too often 
# regarded as a chore rather than 
a novelty to be enjoyed. More- 
over. .. the domination . of 
French as a .fi/sr. foreign- lan- 
guage has arguably been detri- 
mentaLro ihe.smdy of foreign 
•- languages generally; French is 
almost too like English either 
; to : constitute: a *.cballehge : to 
. more able pupils or to case ihe 
way . into further fanguage- 
Icanting.. ' /,* 

■ Whether extending the 
range of languages on offer to 
school pupils is feasible, bow- 

- ever, is another matter. One-of 
the arguments in favour of 
large comprehensive . schools 
was*lhe possibility of provide 
ing more generously for, so- 
called'- minority . subjects, 
including foreign, languages. 
But that has not happened. 

As the DES points out.' this 
is not because the expertise is 
lacking — only half the num- 
ber of teachers qualified to 
leach Italian and only a quar- 
ter of those qualified to teach 
Russian are .doing so — but 
because schools have decided. 
for . administiatiyer/ conve- 
nience; to : rancehtraie on 
French. Schodls be 
persuaded lo use lhe qnalrfica- 
tions their teachers have to the 

full. ' " 

This is not to say that an 
ability to talk to foreigners -in 
their own language is not a 
good thing in its own right or 
that a lack of curiosity about 
other people’s countries and 
languages does not suggest a 

- woefully insular altitude.. But 
when the common tongue of 

: that global Village is English 
-tnd English is your birthnght 
it is .art exaggeration- to argue 
that linguistic ignorance. .is a 
disaster for the national econ- 

them, as did his recent speech on 
this subject in the House of Lords. 

The Family Planning Associ- 
ation has long warned young £iris 
that early intercourse, especially 
with several male partners (which 
is rare), may carry various 'in- 
creased health risks. Yet some 
young girls dp have sexual inter- 
course, add it will be obvious to 

most people that their- sex educa- ~ .... , . 

lion should include.^ ® teAstoe— 

: s,udiK 

pie for real life, including the 
importance of femily, rporal emo- 
tional and health aspects. 

Yours faithfully. 

General Secretary. 

The Family Planning Association, 
27-35 Mortimer Street Wl. 

Religions studies 

greater dan^sofpregnaneywhen 
young. ; -= • • '■-* - - - 

There -«s--«Oi sound research 
evidence to justify Lo.rd 
Buckmaster’s allegation that such 
contraceptive information “would 

seem . — to 
The major study of teenage 
pregnancy in the USA. Sweden, 
France, Holland. England and 
Canada, published by the 
Guttmacher Institute in March. 
1 985Hn-New - York,- concluded 

are misleading. 

Certainly the topics suggested 
for course woric jnplude such 
subjects as homosexuality, hetero- 
sexuality, fornication; birth con- 
trol and abortion, but at least two 
things need to be made dear 

cncoaragft — ^ subjects are set m the 
context of the general theme of 
friendship and its obligations. 

2. The title of the section, “Per- 
sonal experience”, is clearly pre- 
sented as “people's experience at a 
personal level” and is not in- 
, . .. , .. tended to iraplylSaTpupfis tack- 

emphati cally that “Tee nage pr^ - ting these subjects- should, write 
nancy rates are lower in counma • f rom their own persona) experi- 
with greater aymlabihty qf birth ence. The two other titles in this 
conm)' and sex education . * section are “Community 
Lord Buckmaster claims that 
illegitimate births to teenagers 
have increased during the decade 
up to 1984. Figures from the 
government Office of Population 
Censuses and Surveys show in 
1970 conceptions to teenagers in 
England and Wales leading to 


experience'’ and “Inter-commu- 
nity experience”. 

Yours faithfully, 


Head of Religious Studies, 

The Sandfield School. 

Sandfidd Road. Nottingham. 
June 13. 

Capital warships 

From Admiral Sir lan Easton 
Siirr Coldner Wythe’s letter (June 
7). does a neat job of standing 
reason oh itsbead- 

In- support bfhls contention that 
surface capital warships, are, be- 
cause of ' iheir vulnerability, 
“dinosaurs” and “defenceless in 
war”, he states that “Our naval 
effort at the Falklands was almost 
destroyed by. a small air 'force 
using guided missiles...” He 
then lists a number of circum- 
stances which, had they not 
occurred, could have led to our 

That our “naval effort" at the 
Falklands/was not destroyed was 
’in Urge parttiuefti the presence of 
surface capital ships able to deploy 
fighter aircraft, able to provide 
extensive radar coverage *and able 
to- exercise -a proper, degree _of 
command and" control over an 
-area covered by a most complex 
land, sea and air operation. These 
ships, desphe their vulnerability 
and their proximity to a relatively 
substantial air force armed with 
some highly sophisticated weap- 

ons. remained untouched. 

.' With some research Colonel 
Wythe would.; I believe, discover 
' that the majority of battles would 
; have ended differehtly had every- 
thing occurred as each side had 
planned or had some things not 
occurred • which they. not 

He might -also discover that 
. every fighting vehicle has always 
been vulnerable and obsolescent 
the moment it is completed: that 
these factors apply to both sides; 
and that it is the organisation of 
men. vehicles or ships into a force, 
not the individual unit, that 
establishes the power/ vulnera- 
bility ratio of military deploy- 
ments. J _ , _ ^ 

'He might also question whether 
the Falklands war. the. fruit of 
botched diplomacy and irrelevant 
to the security of this country' 
should, except, in the : weapon 
encounter sphere, be any sort. of 
guide, to our- present and future 

naval req u i rcmcnls - 

Yours faithfully. 


Causeway Cottage. 

Freshwater. Isle of Wight. 

‘Outside’ governors 

From Mr Dick H. Pantlin ' • 

Sir. In continental Europe there 
are: many British schools which 
■ owe iheir existence and siieeessto 
-'boards' composeddf businessmen 
and women, mostofwhonrdo not 
havetohikireir in the school. These 
“outside ; governors” involve 
themselves in the medium to long- 
term planning so vital to success, 
and they create an important link 
between business and education. 

In the UK they could widen the 
methods used by the local educa- 
tion authority in the discharge of 
its legal responsibilities. Perhaps 
this is one area the new Secretary 
of State for Education might 
develop further? 

Yours faithfully. 

DIQCH. PANTLIN. Chairman. 
.Council of British .Independent 
Schdols-in the European Commu- 

1 1 Avenue de Mercure. 

Brussels 1180. 


Cleaning up 

From Mrs George Bird 
■ Sir. If tin mining is to cease in 
Cornwall the question arises, what 
-is to be done-vyith the redundant 
workforce? As a recent visitor to 
that area, it seems to me that there 
. is. a tremendous amount of work 
to be done clearing up the ugliness 
created by many years of mining. 

Disused mineshafts need to be 
filled in and made safe, but more 
obvious to the eye is the prolifera- 
tion of derelict stone buildings and 
tall chimneys, over vast areas of 
incomparable moorland and 
coastline. If they were removed, 
these areas would be restored to 
their former breathtaking beauty. 

Such work would not. of course, 
be as profitable as mining: but 
tome would- say, very much more 
"worth whfie: .- - .' 

Yours truly, 


Bedales Lodge. "- 
PetersfiefcL Hampshire. 

June 6. 

Keeping up with 
French railways 

From the Director of InterCity 
Sir. All major railways maintain 
close international contacts - and 
are very interested in their 
counterparts’ innovations. We 
watch' and admire the best in 
French, and other continental 
practice. But it is a mistake to infer 
that my French colleagues do not 
have-a similar regard for British 

- practice or that they share the view 
of youf correspondent Diana Ged- 
des(June 10) that imagination and 
passenger comfort are lacking on 
this side of the Channel. The 
international services to operate 
via the Channel tunnel arc being 
developed jointly with the French 
and will feature the best of both 

Many of the SNCF innovations 

- cited in her article are. in feet, one- 
off experiments. Dancing coaches 
(no one had yet branded them 
discos) were tned here 30 years 

- ago. 1 hope the French disco is fun. 
It’s oh a 19-hour train journey and 
InterCity: doesn't have any ser- 

■ vices which even approach that 
length of journey. Videos have 
been - tried on British overnight 
trains. There are practical prob- 
lems and many customers much 
prefer not to have them. Com- 
muter study groups, some offering 
French lessons, have been run on 
long-distance commuter trains to 
London for nearly 10 years. 

- If we turn lo the son of things 
__that travellers can expect as part of 

the normal InterCity 'experience 
the comparisons are similarly by 
no means all one -wa y. - H igh 
quality catering and service is 
central to Pullman with daily 
services now on five major routes 
from London. The Pullman 
lounges open at three main sta- 
tions — with three more opening 
next month — offer VIP service. 

There are train telephones on all 
Pullmans and on several other 
InterCity services including all 
Gatwick express trains. By the 
. time our colleagues in France have, 
had time, to evaluate their three 
experimental TGV phones 1 hope 
. InterCity, with 'British Telecom 
' and Racal as our partners, will 
have Cardphone or one.accepting 
credit cards on every topline 
* InterCity Train. 

Comparisons arc invidious and 
perhaps the information in the 
paragraphs above provides 
enough evidence for our case. One 
comparison iscertain — no leading 
French newspapers would print 
similar -praise .for “all countries 
■t but our. own ”!’ : 

' Yours feith fill ly. ; . ; ; ■; ; * : : 

J. PR1DEAUX, Director. * _V 

British Railways Board. 

' 22ZMaryIcbone"Road,NWl.. 
.June 17. 

Scottish exhibition r 

From the President qf the Royal 
Scottish Academy 
Sir. 1 refer to Ronald Faux’s report 
(June 16) about the inflatable 
tubes destined to adorn the Royal 
Scottish Academy building in 
Edinburgh this summer. I cannot 
let his colourful but ambiguous 
headline. “Sausage image for Scot- 
tish Academy”, go without a brief 
comment: . 

For the benefit of your readers 
can I confirm what is implied in 
the text of the report, namely, that 
the exhibition concerned does not 
involve the academy itself. The 
exhibition is being organised in 
the galleries of the Royal Scottish 
Academy by the Royal Museum of 
Scotland and the Property Ser- 
vices Agency, who are responsible 
for the fabric of Ihe building. 

The tubes seem likely lo become 
a talking point in artistic and other 
circles in the coming months and I 
thought it desirable that the 
academy’s*, formal position — ■ or . 
rather non-positon — on . the 
matter should be understood. ' 
Yours feithfully. 


. President. 

' Royal Scottish Academy, 


June 17. 

Ordination of women 

From Mr E R. GaskiU 
Sir. May I comment on the letter 
of Rabbi Jonathan Roniain and 
Rabbi Sybil Sheridan (Jane 10). 

There is no objection to women 
being ordained rabbi, because we . 
' believe thafYhey* are meant to 
exercise their gift as teachers, for 
. which .they are specially endowed. 
Similarly, we believe that men are 
called to exercise the ministry of 
Jesus as priests, re-presenting his 

The functions of men and 
women are equal but different and 
ougbt not to be confused. To do 
otherwise is to inhibit' the develop- 
ment of true vocations for both 
men and women. 

Yours feiihftinyJ 

•IIRavensworth.R*oad.- ■ • 
Doncaster. South Yorkshire. * 
June 10. 

Signs of the times 

From Mr Martin Hime 
Sir. There are many amusing 
abbreviated road signs in Amer- 

We like “Miss Bridge”, which is 
intended to direct the wary trav- 
eller over that famous river in 
New Orleans. 

Yours faithfully. 

British' Consul-General. . 

Suite 2250. 

DressecTower._’ . 

6QI Jefferson. . 

Houston. Texas. . 

United States of America. 

June 12. 


JUNE 20 1931 

Somewhat short of money, the AU 
England Croauet Club in the 
1870s added the words "Lawn 
Tennis" to Us title and several 
grass courts to its facilities. The 
first of the championships was 
held in J $77 on a surface ■ 
measuring 26 yards by nine. There 
were 22 competitors. The writer of 
■ the article was N. L. Jackson. 


From a Correspondent 

Those who sit and watch by the 
centre court at Wimbledon this 
year can have no idea of the 
conditions prevailing for the Lawn 
Tennis Championships 50 years 
ago 1 1881]- The game had then 
won none of the publicity which it 
now receives. The open tourna- 
ments could be. counted on the 
fingers of one hand, and they are 
nbw numbered by hundreds, while 
the attendance in those far-off days 
approached the 1,000 only for the 
finals or championship rounds, and 
these were chiefly players of the 
garden party type supplemented by 
a few adherents of rackets and 

Nearly all the spectators went 
from the City, driving to Waterloo 
in the fashionable hansom cabs. 
There was no queue at the booking 
office, nor was the platform unduly 
crowded. Most of the travellers 
appeared to know each other and 
there were many discussions about 
the prospects of the players on the 
way down. 

From Wimbledon Station there 
was a long walk along the footpath 
by the railway to the grounds of the 
All . England Croquet and Lawn 
Tennis Club, in Worple-road. 
where a single entrance was suffi- 
cient to admit everyone without 
delay. The costumes then worn 
would now be amusingly criticized, 
for the men were nearly all in frock 
coats and wearing top hats, while 
the ladies, with the slenderest of 
waists, had their skirts so fall and 
so long that they occupied a 
considerable amount of space and 
also swept the ground, and most of 
them carried good-rizediparasols. 

lie seatiig accommodation for 
the centre court consisted of two 
rows of wooden forms, supplement- 
ed. I believe for the first time, by a 
small, covered stand on one side. . . 

The year 1881 will ever remain 
remarkable in the annals of lawn 
tennis, for it was then that the twin 
brothers Renshaw gained the first 
of their long series of victories at 
the championship, tournaments. 
They won the Doubles, then 
decided .at Oxford, and *Willian>. 
secured the first of his long run of 
victories in tbe Smgles. Before that 
the honours had always fallen to a 
“back-of-the-court" player, al- 
though a modified form of volley- 
ing had been ‘ tried* and 
unfavourably received. Indeedr to 
volley at the garden party game was 
considered to be bad form, and 
those players who persisted in it 
were “sent to Coventry." 

The volleying before the advent 
of the Renshaws was of a mild form 
and it was left to those lads of 19 
years of age to introduce the net 
game and particularly the overhead 
volley, hitherto unknown, but af- 
terwards generally termed the 
Renshaw smash”, a decisive 
stroke which invariably finished 
the rally . - 

In " this same year the first 
scoring board was erected and was 
much appreciated by the specta- 
tors, for the noise of the trains 
which ran alongside the court quite 
drowned the voice of the umpire 
when calling the points. In those 
days the umpire, from a very low 
chair, about 3ft from the ground, 
took complete charge of the court 
lor there were no linesmen and 
consequently many of his decisions 
were incorrect, but these were 
in variably accepted, without even a 
reproachful glance, for to have 
questioned these decisions would 
have been considered bad form. 
The .. demeanour of the players 
generally compared favourably 
with that which is occasionally to 
be seen at the present time, for no 
one posed or flung bis racket down, 
or struck attitudes, after malting a 
bad stroke- Another strange devel- 
opment of the present time is that 
of players writing regular articles 
about the competitions, or permit- 
ting the use of their names, as the 
authors, to regular journalists who 
wite the articles for the daily or 
weekly papers. Such conduct would 
have been severely reprobated 50 
years ago. Of these comparisons 
probably the-most surprising is to 
know that, at the period I am 
writing about, the whole reports of I 
games tod pastimes in the daily 
newspapers were compressed into a 
few short paragraphs. 

Too many books 

From Mr John G. Welford 
Sir. Mrs McDonald's letter (June 
12) reminds me of the time when.- 
some years ago. 1 was working as a 
very junior assistant in the ac- 
quisitions' section of a large 
university library. My boss had to 
chase a tairdy bookseller who had 
failed to produce a certain item 
within a couple of months of its 
being ordered. The title was 
Delays in the Supply of Books. 
Yours faithfully. 


9 St Marks Road. 

Salisbury. Wiltshire. 

June 13. 

Face to face 

From Mr J. C. Benson 
Sir. How nice it would be if people 
would revert lo the practice of 
looking * ai each other when 
shaking hands, and not at' a 

Youts faithfully. 

J. C. BENSON. . * 

Wood House. 

Belsay. Northumberland. 

June 1 1. 









June 19: The Queen, with The 
Duke oF Edinburgh, honoured 
Ascot Races with her presence 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips. Colonel-in-Chief. 
Royal Corps of Signals. left 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
morning in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight for Belgium 
where Her Royal Highness will 
visit II Signal Brigade 
l Volunteers). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips will subsequently visit 

Mrs Malcolm Wallace and 
Lieutcnant-Colond Peter Gibbs 
are in attendance. 

June 19: The Prince of Wales. 
President, the Wells Cathedral 
Preservation Trust, this morn- 
ing attended an open air Eu- 
charist on Wells Cathedra] 
Green to celebrate the comple- 
tion of the preservation work, on 
the West Front 
His Royal Highness, attended 
by Lieuienant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson, travelled in an air- 
craft of Tlte Queen's Flight. 

The Duchess of Gloucester cele- 
brates her birthday today. 

Memorial meetings 

Lord Shinwell, CH 
The Prime Minister was present 
at a memorial meeting for Lord 
Shinwell. CH. held in the House 
of Lords yesterday. The Hon 
Grevilic Janncr. QC. MP. was in 
the chair. Miss Prunella Scales 
read from “The Scholar" by R. 
Southey and Mr Richard Baker 
read from “Character of a 
Happy Life" by Sir Henry 

Lord Home of the Hirsel. the 
Ambassador of Israel and Mr 
Neil Kinnock. Leader of the 
Opposition, gave addresses and 
the Hon Ernest Shinwell, son. 
also spoke. The Lord President 
of the Council, the Lord Privy 
Seal and Mr David Steel Leader 
of the Liberal Party attended. 
Others present included: 

TIN* Hon Samuel Shinwell i son) ate 

Hon Mrs Emnl Shinwell i daughter 

in lawV. Mr and Uie Hon Mr-. P Sellers 
■son bi law and daughter'. Mr Eman- 

uel Stern i son-in-law;. Mr Michael 
Lawrence. Mr and Mrs Delbert 
Jenkins. Mr and Mrs Elliot Shinwell 
and Jonathan Shinwell (grand- 
children I. Mbs Kert Lewis igrcai- 
qrandda lighten, Mr and Mrs Leslie 
Robinson iBrouter-ln-law and stslerl. 
Mr and Mrs Roger Robinson. Mr and 
Mrs Larry Shinwell. Mr and Mrs Roy 
Shinwell. Mr and Mrs David Shinwell. 
Mr and Mrs La ids Shinwell. Mr Alan 
Shinwell. Mr and Mrs R Blitz. Mr and 
Mrs Monty Pearl man. Mrs P Finlay. 
Mr and Mrs Ben Weinberg. 

Ambassadors. High Commissioners 

and oUier members Of the OUXonutlc 

Corps. Uie Earl of Com and Orrery 
i Ho use of Lords Defence Study 
Group). Lord Ponsonby of Shuibrede 
'Opposition Chief Whip. House or 
Lords). Lord Ctedu-yn of Penrhos. CH 
■Leader of the Opposition. House of 

and Lady Bowes. Sir Fred Ponnn- Mr 

Harry Lewis and Dame Vera Lynn. 

Father Pal Brawn (representing the 
Cardinal Archotshop of Westminster). 

Commander A Mamoch irwesenting 

i he commissioner of the Met ropol itan 
Police). Mr Hayim Pinner isetmary- 

Lady Clifford of 
npbell of Allow ay. 

Lords). Lord and _ 

ChudleMh. Lord Cam. 

QC. Laity Marpies. Lord Broxboume. 
QC. Lord Diamond. Lord Tranmire. 
Lora Forte. Lord Barnett- Lord 
Inglewood. Lord Kagan. Baroness 
Ewart Btoos. Mr Michael Fool MP. 
Mr Gerald Kaufman. MP. Sir Leslie 

Israel). Mr L Leon i Labour Friends of 
Israeli with Mr W Nagel; Mr Gerard 
Smllh Urnilh CVnnivfrt. Dr C Symons 
■ Royal Free Hospital) and Mrs Sy- 

mons. Mr Derek FosJer (Opposition 
Chief Whip. House ol Comroara). Dr I 
Dey i representing UwWce-chaneellor 
Open Uimersilyi. Professor K W 
Svkes ivro-Drtnctpa!- Queen Mary 
College. London Uni verity r. 

Commander G Blnny iswretanr. 
Royal College of Defence SHudirs). Mrs 
Miriam Atman (Commonwealth Par- 
liamentary Association. HeaoquHtere 
Secretariat). Mr D Thompson (chair- 
man. Easinqmn Council) wit h Coun- 
cillor John Cummings (leader) and Mr 
T Robinson: Mr Ron Campion (chair 
man. Sedgeneld Disincf cbimcin. Mr 
J A Giles i president. Retail Confec- 
tioners and Tobacconists Association). 
Miss Clare Hemsley (re preventing Hie 
director -gems al. Help the Aged) with 
Mrs Jenny Wallace: Mr R Lorimer 
MBA). Mr Roy Swmscoe (representing 
the chairman. Portsmouth and 
Sunderland Newspapers t Mr Michael 
Kerr (BBC). Mr Antony Newman 
(NAAFI Mr D Armstrong (Mercury 
warbura Investment Management). 

Mr Geoffrey Rich (Lewis. FosfceU). 

Mr and Mrs Joe Low. Mr Robert 
Maxwell. Mr Roy Roebuck. Mto Joan 
Rice. Mr J oh nP tans Mills. OC. and 
Mrs Platts Mills. Miss Sheila Scad. Mr 
and Mrs B W Taylor. Mr Laurie 
Pavm. MP. Mr John McWHiiam. MP. 
Mr Harry Greenway. MP. Mr David 
Wlnntck. MP. Mr Barry Jones. MP. 
Mrs Toby JessH and representatives 
of the National Union of Seamen. 
COHSE. SOGAT '82 and the General. 
Municipal. Boilermakers and Allied 
Trades Union. 

Professor L_A. Reid 
A memorial meeting for Profes- 
sor Louis A maud Reid was held 
al the University of London 
Institute of Education yes- 
terday. Professor Lionel Elvin 
and Professor Alfred Harris 
gave addresses. Professor Leslie 
Perry read from the works of 
Thomas Hardy. 



Professor Arthur Bell. 60*. Lord 
Brightman. 75; Miss Catherine 
Cookson. 80; Miss Wendy 
Craig, 52: the Earl of Cranbrook. 
53: Mr Alan Fisher, 64; Sir 
Thomas Gore-Bra wre. 68; Mr 
Ronald Hines. 57; Mr 
R.P.Homby. 64; Mr Alan 
Lamb. 32: Mr Johnny Morris, 
70: Sir David Muir, 70; Mr Paul 
Ramirez. 33*. Mr Budge Rogers. 
47; Sir Arthur Rucker. 9U 
Frofessor Sir Richard 
South wood, 55; Mr Justice Tu- 
dor Evans. 66: the Right Rev 
John Waine. 56. 



The following British graduate 
students have been selected as 
Kennedy scholars for 1986, the 
twentieth anniversary of the 
Kennedy Memorial Trust 


Darnel Alexander, holder of the trust's 
Lord Harlech award, of University 
College. Oxford (law); Matthew Bal- 

dwin. Corpus Christ) College. Oxford 
UHihHc administration): Ukralnka Ma- 

rta KowaL Somerville Cod ego. Oxford 
(education): Philip Putnam. Trinity 
HalL Cambridge (history): and Mar- 

garita Sweeney. Glasgow University 

M na c huie t n tasutnte at T e a l m Up 

Gareth McKinley. Downing CoOeoe. 
Cambridge: and Matthew Rcafir. 
imperial Colttgp of Science and 
Technology. London University (both 
chemical engineering). 


Latest appointments indude: 

Sr Frank Ereauc. former Bailiff 
of Jersey, has been reappointed 
as a Judge of the Court or 
Appeal of Guernsey. 

Mr J. M. Chadwick. QC. to be a 
Judge of the Courts of Appeal of 
Jersey and Guernsey, in succes- 
sion to Mr L. H. Hoffmann. QC. 
Mr PJX Fanner and Mr JJL 
Whitley to be circuit judges on 
the Western CircuiL 
Mr Terence Michael English to 
be a Metropolitan Stipendary 
Magistrate from September 1. 
Lord Sieff of Brimpton to be a 
trustee of the National Portrait 
Gallery, in succession to the late 
Sir Huw Wheldon. 

Mr Michael Howard Johnson to 
be a Social Security 
Commissioner. . 

Captain Sir Miles Wingate to be 
a member of the Common- 
wealth War Graves Commis- 
sion from July I. in succession 
to Sir David Muirtiead. Major- 
General Desmond Smith to take 
up a similar appointment- on 
August I. in succession to Sir 
Edward Goschen. 

Major J-R- More-Molyneax to 
be Vice-Lord Lieutenant of 

The Ministry of Agriculture, 
Fisheries and Food announces 
the following appointmems: 

Mr B. H. B. Dickinson to be 
Principal Finance Officer from 
July 28. in succession to Mr G. 
W. Wilson. 

Mr P. W. Morphy to be 
promoted Under Secretary 
(Milk) on July 28. in succession 
to Mr Dickinson. 

Mr- K. C. Mel dram to .be 
Director of Veterinary Field 
Services fron July 4, in succes- 
sion to Mr J. G. Loxam. 

Dr W. A. Watson to be Director 
of Veterinary Laboratories from 
July 29. in succession to Mr A. J. 

Latest wills 

Mr Horace John Allen, of 
Reading, left estate valued at 
£1.299.388 net 

Mr Frederick Andrew Shuman, 
of Hampstead, chartered civil 
engineer, left estate valued at 
£1.325,728 neL 

Miss Brenda Corfield, of Gif- 
ton, Bristol left £161.391 neL 
She left her entire estate equally 
between 1 1 charities. 

Mr Alfred Edm cades Bestall. of 
Beddgelert, Gwynedd, and for- 
merly of Surbiton, Surrey, who 
was for 30 years illustrator of the 
Rupert Bear stories in the Daily 
Express, left estate valued at 
£193.046 net. After various 
bequests, he left one fifth of the 
residue to the British and For- 
eign Bible Society. 

Other estates indude (net, 
before) tax paid): 

Manson. of Ruddington. 

None _ £316,741 

Mis kin. Mr Geoffrey Richard 
Anthony, of St Albans, char- 
tered accountant.. — — £338^285 
Neale. Mr John Story, of 

Knee ton, Notts £452392 

Platt, Kathleen Laura, of Little 

Gloucestershire £316.624 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr T-B. Schrader 
and Miss EX. Laskey 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy Bruno, youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs John 
Schroder, of Curry RiveL 
Somerset, and Ellen Charlotte, 
daughter of Sr Denis and Lady 
Laskey., of Loders. Bridport, 

Dorset. - 

Mr MJ3. Astaire 
and Miss E.J. Mazarsky 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, eldest son of Mr 
Edgar Astaire and Mrs William 
Jack] in. of London, and Eliza- 
beth Jayne, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Lawrence Mazursky, of 
Los Angeles. California. 

Mr R.A. Knox 

and Miss AX. Stafford Charles 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert Knox. Royal 
Anglian Regiment, only son of 
Mr and Mrs T.C.S. Knox, of 
Exeter, Devon, and Lucy, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs MJ. 
Stafford Charles, of 
Longformacus. Berwickshire. 

Mr P.W. Meniman 
and Miss AJL StaveJey . 

The engagement is announced 
between Peter Merriman. The 
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, 
younger son of Mr and Mrs 
Frederick Merriman. IS 
Copsewood -Road. Ashurst. 
Hampshire, and AnabeL only . 
daughter of Major-General and 
Mrs Robert Stavdey. of 250 
Sheen Lane, London, SW14. 

DrR-G. Warner 
and Mbs 5JLJ. Rufoot 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, elder son -of 
Dr and Mrs A.G. Warner, of 
Alveston, Avon, and Sarah, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.F. RidouL of Brockehhurst, 
Hampshire. . 


Tackling London’s 
traffic problem . 


Mr J.D. Baratov 
and Miss 8J. Drew 
The engagement is announced DrAJF. Padel 
between David, younger son of ®**4 MSsss C-G. McSoriey 
Mr and Mrs M.T. Barslow, of The engagement is announced 
Sherbum. Mai ion. North York- between Adam, youngest son of 

shire, and RacheL daughter of 
Mr and MrsT-S. Drew, of Alyth, 

Mr JJL Kindle 
and Miss M.G. Thompson 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, son of Mr and 
Mrs David H indie, of Piltdown, 
Sussex, and Melanie, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Peter Thompson, 
of Chailey, Sussex. 

Captain S. Jackson 
and Flight Lieutenant A.C. Ma- 
son, WRAP 

The engagement is announced 
between Simon Jackson. The 
Queen's Own Hussars, son of 
Mr and Mrs K.C. Jackson, of 
Feidon -House, Rockland -St 
Mary, and Annabel Clare, 
daughter of Squadron-Leader 
B.H.D. Mason (retd) and Mrs 
Mason, of Lydweli House, 

between Adam, youngest son of 
Dr and Mrs J.H. Padel. of 
Hinton Waldrist. Oxfordshire, 
and London, and Garre, fourth . 
daughter of Dr J.G A. McSoriey 
and the late Mrs M.E. McSoriey, 
of London. 

Mr JJR. Smith 
anhd Miss M-A. Fletcher - 
The marriage has been arranged, 
and will take place at Christ 
Church. Derry Hill on .August 
30, between Julian, only son of 
Dr and Mrs Roger Smith, of 
Headington. Oxford, and Anne, 
younger daugh ter ofMr and Mrs 
Leslie Fletcher, of Deny Hill, 

Mr D.J.S. Thomson 
and Miss TJ. Wells 
The engagement is announced 
between Duncan, son of Mr J.S. 
Thomson. BA, MBE, and Mrs 
Thomson, of Blackheazh, Lon- 
don. and Tracey, daughter ofMr 
and Mrs A. Weils, ofStorrs MiD 
Farm. Cud worth, Yorkshire. 

Mr.J.L Campbell 
and Miss AJE-A. Hunt 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. June 14. in Arundel 
Cathedral, of Mr James Camp- 
bell son ofMr and Mrs Edward 
CampbelL of Famhanu Surrey, 
and Miss Arabella Hunt, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Roger Hunt, 
of Bury. West Sussex. Father 
Anthony Whale officiated, as- 
sisted by the Rev David 

Mr D-F. McCormack 
and Miss SJ- Miller 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. June 7. 1986. at 
Murrayfiekl Parish Church, 
Edinburgh, of Mr Douglas F. 
McCormack, son of Mrs Helen 
Cullen, of Milngavie, Glasgow, 
and Miss Susan Jane Miller, 
daughter of Mr mid Mrs James 
Miller, of Belmont. Edinburgh. 
The Rev Clarence W. Musgrave 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Heather and Karen 
Miller and Graham and David 
McCormack. Mr Gordon Mc- 
Cormack was best man. 

The reception was held at 
Belmont, Edinburgh. 

Mr J.C Poflard 
and Mrs J-M- Petrie 
The marriage took place in 
London on Tuesday. June 17, 
1986. between . Mr .Julian 
Charles Pollard, and Mis Joan 
Maxine Petrie (nee Salisbury). 


Rich pickings in silver market 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a En + 15% VAT 

Irrnnimuni 3 lines) 

Announcements, auibcnikaied by Uk 
name and permanent address of ihe 
wndcr. may be sent la 

P0 BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

or telephoned (by icfeptone suts- 
cibcis only) la 01-401 SEN 

Announcements can be received by 
telephone between Q.OOsm and 
5.30pm Monday to Friday, on Satur- 
day between “UJDani and 12 noon. 
501-4*1 4080 (Mg j. For paMkaiion the 
iollowine day phone by I JOpm. 


etc on Coun and Soda) Pace U ■ faa 
♦ t» VAT. 

Court and Social Pajjc announce- 
ments can not be accepted by 
telephone. Enquiries la 01402 MS3 
taftcr lOJOamu or send la 

1. Un ma n s Stmt, laaitei El. 

PIckc allow ,| least «g hours tafia* 
pub! tea lion. 

TTw man who fears the Lord keens Ms 
friendships in repair, for he treats Ids 
neighbour as himself. 

EocleslasUruB & 17 (NUB.) 


BOURNE - On June 10th. 1986. al 
Queen Charlotte's Hospital, to Sally 
Anne (nee Creenel and Robert, a 
daughter. Lily Louisa. 

BOYD - On June 14Ut. 1986 to Fiona 
(mte MeNtsh) and Robin, a son. 
James Alexander, a brother for 

BUNKER - A daughter. Nadine Marla 
Louise, born 0659 hours. 18th June. 
1986 lo Captain and Mrs &J. Bunker 
BUSHELL - On June 18th at Furness 
Genera) Hospital, lo Anne uiee Grif- 
fith I and Tim. a daughter. Jennifer 
An ne (J enny). 

CALVER ■ On Wednesday. 28th May 
at Mayday Hospital to David and 
Julia i nee Woodley] a son. James 

DINGWALL - On 12th May. 1986 in 
Sydney to Fiona (nee Flint) and 
Mlc haeL a son. Douglas Munro. 
GILMORE - On June 14U» al Wenl no- 
ton Hospital. London lo Aim uiee 
Creenwaldi and Peter, a daughter. 
Alexis Wade, a sister for Etta. 
HAMSMEK - On 6th June at the Port- 
land Hospital to Catherine and Marti, 
a son. Edward WliUana Fenrnz 
Hobey. a brother for Laura. 
HANCOCK - On IS June at York Dis- 
trict HospitaL to Susie uiee McCann) 
and Hugh, a daughter. Mary. 

HOLE - On June 16th. 1986 al Dul- 
wich Hospital, lo Patricia Cnee 
Jaques) and Rodertcx. a daughter. 
Saran Marian Ruth, a sister for Sam. 
HUME -On 18th June 1986. ha Tokyo, 
to Posy Clayton and James Hume, a 
s oil Ben iamin Charles Clayton. 
MACDONALD - On June 18th lo Fiona 
tnde Corner) and Angus, a son. 
James CXghy Scott. 

ML V KICK THOMAS On June loth lo 
Anne mee McArthur) and Richard, a 
son wiuiam David, a brother for 

MOCZARSK1 - On June 14th in Santia- 
go. Chile, lo Marry and Alex, a son. 
Stefan Anthony George, a brother 
for Melanie. 

MOORE - On 12th June >986. to 
Alexandra and Derry, a son. Garrett 

OAKES - On June 6Ut to Stephen and 
FeUclr mee Watkins), a daughter. 
Georgma Louise. 

PARSONS - On June 1 Sth to Lucy (nee 
Portmam and Ian. a daughter. Jessie 

REM1NBY0N-H0BBS On June 17th 
at Ihe Portland Hospital to James and 
Cla re, a son. Johnathan. 
RICHARDSON On June 18th. 198610 
Maureen (nta Pi goto and Andy, a 
daughter. Lucy Catherine. 

- On !SUi June lo David and 
Elizabeth, a son. Andrew Douglas, a 
. brother for Peter and Frances. 

SOUYAVE • On June 13lh at Kings 
College Hospital, to Laura and Jote. 
a son. Louis Frederick. 

TINSLEY - On June ISth to Claire (n*e 
wotfendale) and Anthony, a 
daughter. Chloe Elizabeth, a sister to 
Emma and Georgtna. 

TWIST - On 18th June at Middlesex 
Hospital lo Mettsse (nte Beaniand] 
and Patrick, a daughter. Lucia. 

WALKER - On June 9th to Plppa (nee 
Robinson) and Andrew, a daughter, 
a sister for Anthony. 

ZEALEY - On June 18Ui to Debra and 
Richard, a daughter. Christina May. 
a brother lo David. 


- On June 16th 1986 tn 
OrptngioD HospOal. Margaret, aged 
75 yean. Much loved wife of the late 
Philip Abbott, dearly loved mother of 
JUI. Johnny. Mary and Stole. Forti- 
fted by the riles of the Holy Church, 
may she rest hi peace. 

ATKINSON • On June 17th 1986. hi 
Dorchester. Neville G. H-. aged 72 
years, after a long Illness patiently 
borne. Beloved husband of CandBa 
and rather of Belinda and Mcota. 
Funeral service Worraouth Cremato- 
rium. Monday June 23rd at 2-30 pm. 
Flowers lo Woods (Dorchester) Ltd., 
na ken Way. Dorchester. Dorset 
BURLTON - On June 18th. In her 91st 
year, at her home. RosehUl. 
SandyfonL Doris Blanche. Beloved 
wife of the late Col. H. L. G. Burl ion. 
M.C.. and loving mother of Heather. 
Geoffrey. John and Die late 
Christopher. Rest In Peace. Funeral 
Service today. Friday, alter 3.00 pm 
Mass in St. Mary's Church. 
Sandyford to QencuUen Cemetery. 
No mourning. House private. 

CAWUEVWAY On Jane Ihe 18th al 
home. BrCtaWr. WUcham. MJUom. 
Cumbria, recently of Gale Gardens. 
WatciwL Somerset. Joseph Harold, 
aged 84 years. Lieutenant Colonel 
RM. reared, loving and devoted hus- 
band of the late Mary beloved father 
of Jane and Rosalind and a loving 
grandfather. Funeral Service at St. 
Mary’s Church, wtucham on Thurs- 
day the 26th of June at 2.15 pm 
fallowed by crem at ion. Family flow- 
ers only but donations tn lieu U 
desired to Si. Derations Church. 
Wat chet. C/O Sheldon (Funeral Ser- 
vices i Lid. Back Lapstone Road. 
Miriam. Cumbria. LAIS 4BZ. 
DKUES LA TOUCHE ■ On 18th June 
1986. peacefully at her home. The 
While Cottage. Hayte. Cornwall. 
Alexa Grace, aged 92 years. Funeral 
service PtUDack Parish Church on 
Monday. 23rd June al 11.00 ajn. 
Donations In lieu of flowers far 
Phillack Church Restoration Appeal 
may be sent to me Funeral Directors. 
John BlewetL Tanglewood. Love 
Lane. Hoyle. 

EVANS On June 17Ui. 1986. peaceful- 
ly al her home. Mario rie. Nighti n g a le 
mee Selby) tai her 92od year, widow 
of Harrte. much loved mother of 
Gae. Ltyn. and Roy. sadly missed by 
them and their families. Cremation al 
Putney vale Crematorium. Kingston 
Road. London SW15 on Wednesday. 
June 25th al inm. Ennuines lo Fred- 
erick w. Paine. 6 Coombe Lane. 
Raynes Park. SW20 or telephone Ol- 
946 1974. 

KYMANN • On 17th June, peacefully 
in London. Louis, beloved husband 
of Marion Elizabeth and father to 
Victoria. Christopher. Charles and 
Robin. Reqnh a n Mass at Ihe Carmel- 
ite Church. Kensington Church 
Street. WB at -li.OO am. Monday. 
23rd June fallowed by. private buri- 
al. Family flowers only. Donations lo 
The National Heart Hospital. West- 
morland Street, wi. c/o Dr Robert 

JACKSON - Suddenly al home on I5Ui 
June. 1986. Bob Jackson, beloved 
husband of Monica and father of Su- 
san and Simon. Donations tn hb 
memory may be sent to Greenpeace. 
JOB • On June 14th at home in 
Cow den. Barbara, loved and nosard 
by her family and all who knew her. 
Funeral Service at St. Mary Magda- 
lene. Cowden on Tuesday. June 24th 
at 2 30 pm. followed by private cre- 
mation. Flowers to Smiths Funeral 
CH rectors. Edenorldge or donations. 
If preferred, to The Royal British Le- 
gion or Arthritis Research, c/o 
National Westminster Bank. 

KAY - Hugh Robert, on 1 4th June, 
suddenly. In a London hospUaL 
Requiem Mass at ihe Church of the 
immaculate Conception. Farm 
Street. London Wl on Tuesday. 24th 
June at 10.45 am. 

On 17TH June. 1986. 
peacefully at home. Violet 
MacPhencn mee Thom). Beloved 
sister, a uni and great aunt. Service 
West London Crematorium. London 
NWIO on Thursday. 26th June at 
2.15 pm- Flowers to J. H Kenyon 
LUL 83 Westboiune Grove. W2. 

MEDUCOTT - On June 18th. 1986. 
suddenly. Margaret Patricia, sister of 
the late Geoffrey, in her 81st year. 
Dearly loved. RIP. Requiem Mass. 
2.45 pm. Monday. 23rd June at SL 
Mary's. Cadogan SL followed by cre- 
mation at Putney Vale at 4.00 pm. 
Flowers and enquiries to J. H. Ken- 
yon Ltd. 49 Marines Road. W8- teL 
01-937 07817. 

9PEARMG - Austen. Peacefully ad 
Addenbrookes HospitaL Cambridge 
on 17th June, aged 85. Beloved 
husband of May and father of Nigel 
and Mervln. ‘Thanks be lo God who 
gives us the victory through Our 
Lord Jesus Christ.* 

TURNER . On June 17m. 1986. 
suddenly. Harold Albert (Bertie) of 
Hales worth. Suffolk, aged 76. Dearly 
loved husband of Helen iBollia-Rehn 
and devoted and much loved father 
of Tim and Jane. Private cremation. 
Service of Thanksgiving at St. 
Peter's Church. Holton on Monday. 
June 23rd at noon. No flowers please 
but donations, if desired, to the East 
5uffoik MacMillan Nursing Sendee, 
c o of C.E. Woobtough- Funeral 
Director. Halesworth. 

WABEMER- On 18th June 1986. Jack 
Cordon, aged 81 years: of 72. Greys 
Road. Eastbourne. Sussex. Beloved 
husband of Marian and a dearly 
loved rather and grandfather. 
Funeral service al Eastbourne 
Crematorium on Tuesday. 24th June 
al 4.00 pm. Family flowers only, (ml 
If desired, donations lo Friends of 
Eastbourne Hospitals. 9 L’pperton 
Road. Eastbourne. 

WATES • Suddenly on June 17Ut 
1986. Susan Elizabeth, aged 40. Be- 
loved wtfe of Robert and loving 
mother of CharioUe. Funeral al 
Mcrtlake Crematorium, on Thurs- 
day 26th June al I pm. Family 
flowers only please. Donations if de- 
sired to Leukaemia Research Fund. 
Oreal Ormond Street. WCL 

WEATHERBURN On 17th June al 
Upton Cray. Hants. Morton 
Wealherbum OBE- beloved husband 
of Mavis and father of Judith. John 
and Pookle. Funeral Private 
WHtTHAM - In June. 1986 of Rich- 
mond. North Yorkshire, william 
Holland aged 38 years. A dearly 
loved son and brother. No flowers' 


Evensong wHI be held for Major Gen- 
eral Sir Edmund Hakewiii Smith at 
St. George's Chapel. Windsor Castle 
on Monday. July 7th at 5.15 pm. 
Those wishing lo attend, please 
notify the Chapter Clerk. Chapter Of- 
fice. The Cloisters. Windsor Castle. 

McQUARRiC ■ a Requiem Mass win be 
offered by Rev. Michael Hendry at 
SI. Mary's Church. Cadogen Street. 
SW5. on Wednesday 26 June at 6-30 
pm for the rrpox of the soul of 
Roseieen McQuarrte who died sud- 
denly and peacefully at 21 Sancrafl 
Street. Kensington. London SW3. on 
lO June 1986. wife of Albert 
MrOuarrie. Member of Parliament 
for Banff and Buchan. AH blends In- 
vited. This mass will also be offered 
for deceased members of the 
Challoner Club. Requfescat in pace. 


CARS John - Soap merchant and 
founder of Queen Elizabeth's Hospi- 
tal. Bristol. 1586. 

EVANS m loving memory of our dear 
son. Tom. who died 20Qi June 1985. 
Always in our thoughts. Mum and 
Dad - 

PfTT-flSVERS ■ George Henry Lane- 
Fox (Joi d. 171)1 -June. 1966 
Constantly In the Droughts of his 
friends and Stella. 

The silver market took light at 
Sotheby's yesterday. It was 
not a well attended sale but a 
few very rich men had decided 
that they wanted the annsnally 
fine pieces on offer and prices 
went through the roof. 

Armhage, the London deal- 
er, who is well supplied with 
Middle Eastern dibits, paid 
£275,000 (unpublished esti- 
mate £80, 000-£ 120,000) for a 
pair of candlesticks made by 
Paul de Lamerie in 1742 and 
£1924*00 (unpublished esti- 
mate £1 20,000-£1 50,000) fora 
Lamerie soup tureen and cover 
of 1747. 

Lamerie is the grandest 
name In English silver, a 
master of elaborate rococo 
design. These were examples 
of his work at its most 
(lam boy an L The stems of the 
candlesticks are formed as 
chembs wrapped in 
flowers.They rise from a calyx 
of petals on curling bases 
chased with trails of flowers. 

The last time they appeared 
at section was in 1964 when 
plain silver was in fashion and 
they made £5,250. They weigh 
70 ozs. 

The tureen is also a decora- 
tive romp with festoons of 

flowers linking shaggy lions 1 
heads around the sides. More 
flowers and masks of the 
goddess Diana embellish the 
lid whose handle Is formed as 
an eagle feeding her young 

The sensational prices did 
not stop there. Spink's spent 
£99,000 (estimate £20,000- 
£30,000) on a Queen Anne 
covered jog by Simon Pantin 
and the same price (estimate 
£20,000-£30,000) for a 
Charles fl sa offers tray and 
matching snuffer with Chinm- 
serie decoration. There are 
said to be several rich collec- 
tors of Chinoiserie in the 

From the nineteenth centu- 
ry, a pair of wine coasters 
formed as four-wheeled chari- 
ots festooned with vine leaves 
and propelled by die rubs 
(184ozs) secured £85,800 (es- 
timate £35,000-£45,000); 
They were made by Mortimer 
an# Hunt, of London, in 1839 
but bear the arms of the 
Russian princely bouse of 
Galitzine, which perhaps dic- 
tated the elaborate decorative 

Most of the high priced 
pieces came from an unnamed 

English collection formed in 
the 1960$. It has proved an 
astonishingly, good invest- 
ment A set of four silver-gilt 
wine coasters by Rundell 
Bridge and Rundell had cost 
£1,995 in 1965 and sold yester- 
day for £69,300 while a set of 
12 silver-gilt dessert plates 
were up from £4*200 to 
£39,600. The silver sale to- 
talled £1334300 with 8 per 
cent left unsold. 

At Phillips, a silver plated 
teapot sold for £39,600 (esti- 
mate £6,000-£8,000) to the 
Fine Art Society. In this case it 
was revolutionary design that 
carried the day. The angular 
teapot with a hole in the 
middle was designed by Chris- 
topher Dresser, a much sought 
after name. 

In Paris on Wednesday an 
explosion of patriotism carried 
General de Gaulle's famous 
appeal to the French of Jane 
18, 1940, to rally to the rescue 

Sir Alexander Samuels, 
CBE. JP. FR5A, who died on 
June IS ai the age of 80, 
played an influential role in 
introducing of many of 
London's current traffic con- 
trol schemes, ranging from 
parking meters, to diversions 
and one way systems. 

A. London cab driver who 
became known as the city's 
"Mr Traffic", Samuels acted 
in an honorary capacity under 
eight ministers of transport for 
twenty years, and also charred 
the committee which, recom- 
mended construction of the 
Victoria Line. 

He was chairman of the 
London and Home Counties 
Traffic Advisory Committee 
from 1948, and later Adviser 
to ihe Ministry of Transport 
on London Traffic Manage- 
ment from 1961 to 1965, and 
on. Road Traffic, 1965-66. 

Born on .September 15. 
1905. be had elementary 
school education, and in 1945 
was elected to Shoreditch 
Borough Council, serving un- 
til 1961. 

He started his voluntary 
work at the Ministry of Trans- 
port in 1946 as a- member of 
the London and Home Coun- 
ties Traffic Advisory Commit- 
tee. and became its chairman 
two years later. 

Over the next twenty years 
he chaired committees which 
made important derisions 
about the shape of public 
transport and traffic regula- 
tion systems for the capital 
and which introduced many 
of the features now familiar to 
London road users and 

An early chairmanship was 
that of the Special Enquiry 
into London Traffic Conges- 
tion of 19SI, and in the years 
that followed Samuels paid 
several visits to the United 
States, bringing home ideas 
such as tidal flow, which were 
applied to selected London 
traffic trouble spots.: 

The Special Survey Com- 
mittee on the' use of Parking 
Meiers , which he chaired in 
1956 marked another radical 
step, and proposed one of the 
most fundamental advances 

; ■ fc* ’ 

f V \ i ' * * 

in parking control seen m 
London for years. 

In 1958 Samuels was 
apointed chairman of the 
Condon Travel Committee 
which proposed as an urgent 
priority the construction of 
the Victoria Line between.:' 
Walthamstow and Victoria, a 
highly successful addition io 
the London Transport net- 
work when it was opened in 
1969. and the first new Under- 

C mnd line through central 
ndon since the completion 
of the Northern Line in 1907. 

When Ernest (later Lord) 
Marpies became Minister of 
Transport in 1959. Samuels 
became adviser to his minis- 
try. and entered on a period of 
broader responsibilities. 

Bui though be continued to 
look for solutions to London's 
problems along American 
models he always warned of- 
the dangers of creating the 
concrete and asphalt deserts 
which had blighted a number 
of US cities. 

With the newly formed 
GLC taking over much of his 
work after 1965, Samuels 
eventually resigned his ap- 
pointment under the Ministry 
and was a part-time member 
of the British Waterways 
Board from 1966 to 1975. He 
was also a member of the 
Covent Garden Market Au- 
thority. 1961-75. 

However even in retirement 
he maintained his interest in 
the capital's traffic problems 
as chairman of a campaign. 
Movement for London. 


Mr George Hatherifl, CBE, 
who d led on June 1 7 at the age 
of 87, was from 1954 to 1964, 

Commander of the CED at 
Scotland Yard. 

Known at the Yard as 
“Unde George”, Hatherifl 

18 , W4U, to rally to meresene had a distinguished career of 
of then country.a suigle sbert crime detection, during which 

poster printed in London, to 
100,000 francs (estimate 
1 0,06-20,000 FF) or £9,100 
“La France a perdu one 
bataflleT, he tells them. 
“Mats la France n'a pas perdu 


East European Trade Council 
Lord ShacUeton, Chairman of 
.the East European Trade Coun- 
cil presided at a luncheon given 
yesterday at the Goring Hotel in 
honour of Mr T. Antal peter and 
members ofhis delegation to the 
UK/Hungarian Joint 

British Federation of University 

Baroness Platt ofWrittle, Chair- 
man of the Equal Opportunities 
Commission, and Professor 
Daphne Jackson were the guests 
of honour at the Women in 
Local Public Life luncheon 
riven yesterday by the British 
Federation of University 
Women at Crosby HalL The 
president of the federation, Mrs 
Vivyenne Rou bin stein, was the 

Overseas Bankers Club 
The Lord Mayor, accompanied 
by Mr Sheriff Jack Neary, was 
entertained by the President of 
the Overseas Bankers Club, Sir 
Timothy Bevan, at a luncheon 
held at the dub yesterday. 


CharterGrosp Partnership 
The Chart ervi roup Partnership 
was launched formally at a 
reception and buffet luncheon at 
the Institute of Chartered 
Accountants in England and 
Wales on Thursday. Those 
present included Mr Derek 
Booth man. President of the 
iCAEW: Mr John Wame. Sec- 
retary or the ICAEW; and Mr 
Martin Polfins. Chairman of 


Royal Society 

The Lord Mayor of West- 
minster was present at a con- 
versazione given by Sir George 
Porter. President of the Royal 
Society, at 6 Carlton House 
Terrace yesterday evening. 


National Association of Health 

The annual dinner of the Na- 
tional Association of Health 
Authorities was held at the Civic 
Centre. Newcastle upon Tyne, 
yesterday. Professor Eric 
Wilkes. Co-Chairman of Help 
the Hospices, was ihe principal 
guest. Mr Arthur Taylor, chair- 
man of the association, 

Ramsay Memorial Fellowships 

The annual dinner of the Ram- 
say Memorial Fellowships Trust 
was held at University College. 
London, yesterday; The provost 
of - the college, Sh: James 
LighihilL presided and Mr AJ. 
Sbepperd. Chairman . of the 
Wellcome Foundation, also 

Royal Army Medical Corps 
The Director General, Army 
Medical Services, Lieutenant- 
General Sir Cameron Moffat, 
presided al the Royal Army 
Medical Corps officers' annual 
dinner held last night rn the 
HeadQuarter Mess RAMC 

Middle Temple 

The Treasurer of the Middle 
Temple, Sir John Donaldson, 
Master of the Rolls, and the 
Masters of the Bench enter- 
tained the following guests at 
dinner on June IS. it being 
Grand Day in Trinity Term, 

TTip Lord Chancellor. Dame Mary 
Donaldson. Die Sneaker., (he Spantati 
Ambassador. Sir Allan Davis (Lord 
Mayor of London). Lord Hooson. QC 
(treasurer. Gray's Hull, the Lard Oder 
justice. Lord Bridge of Harwich 
!«»"■ Temple). Baroness 

Ptet* «* Wrttne. Baroness Wamock. 

the .Vice- Chan cellor. Admiral of the 

Fleet Sir John jFiefdhouse. Sttr Andrew 
Huxley. OM. Sir Zetman Cnwen. QC. 
Sir Jamas LHhlhUl. Rear-Admiral A J 
COOke. Mr Si O Brock. Mr M M 
Wheeter. QC (treasurer. Lincoln's 
iHqfr Mr H Le igh -Pemberton, sir Aten 
L«be inrestdertt. Law Society). Mr p 
N Miller and Rear-Admiral J R Hid. 

Service dinners 

HMS Mercury 

.Admiral Sir Richard Fitch, Sec- 
ond Sea Lord, was the guest of 
honour at ? mess dinner held 
last night at Ley dene House. 
HMS Mereury. Commander 
P.G. Edger presided. 

Cnhfich'n Righ Club . 

The Cuktich’n Righ, Duke of 
Albany's Club, held a dinner last 
night at Claridge's hoteL The 
Earl of Cromarlie presided and 
Lieutenant-Colonel RX. Broad 
also spoke. 

Royal Corps of Transport 
i of ti 


Officers of the Royal - Corps of 
Transport held a dinner last 
night at the Royal Corps of 
Transport Headquarters Mess. 
Aldershot. Major-General 
D.B.H. Colley. Director-Gen- 
eral of Transport and Move- 
ments, presided and Lieutenant- 
General Sir John Chappie was 
the principal guest 

the board 

By Alan Toogood 
Horticulture Correspondent 

A newcomer lo pelargonium 
growing has scooped many of | 
the mqjor trophies at the British 
Pelargonium and Geranium 
Society’s national competition, 
held in Westminster eanier this 
week. . 

Mr John Evans, of' Horn- 
church. Essex, has been growing 
these plants for only 1 8 months, 
yet the quality more than 
matched that of established 
exhibitors in this keenly con- 
tested competition. 

He gained the Banksian 
Medal, awarded to the compet- 
itor with most prize money; the 
Iris Munro Cup, for the best 
exhibitor in the show; the 
Margery Stimpson Cup, for the 
best exhibitor in the amateur 
classes; the Lady Irene Burton 
Cup, for the best " apiateur 
exhibit of regal pelargoniums; 
the Peterson Cup, for the best 
variegated or ornamental leafed 
plant; the Elliott Cup. for the 
best variegated or ornamental 
leafed plant in the amateur 
classes; and the Anthony Aylon 
Salver, for the best exhibited of 
three regal pelargoniums in the 
amateur section. 

The W.A.R. Clifton Cup, for 
the best zonal pelargonium or 
group of zooals. in the amateur 
section, has been won by Mrs 
Broadrib. of Sandon. Hertford- 
shire. She also gained the J.R. 
Dodd Memorial Cup, for the 
best exhibit of three zonal 
pelargoniums in the amateur 

he tracked down 21 murder- 
[ ers, among them John Christie 
and the acid hath murderer, 

He had joined the Metro- 
politan Police in 1919, fresh 
from war service in the army 
in France and Flanders, and 
soon became a detective. 

His command of languages - 
he spoke six with fluency and 
could “get by” in throe others - 
made him one of the Yard's 
principal specialists in inter- 
national forgery cases. 

Perhaps ms greatest success 
in this sphere was in 1934 
when Britain was being 
flooded with forged insurance 
stamps. Hatherifl, then a ser- 
geant was sent to Poland and 
discovered the source of the 
illicit manufacture al a 
“factory” near Warsaw, im- 
mediately guiding Polish po- 
lice to the spot 
On a number of other 
occasions he was instrumental 
in pulling an end to the 
forging of Bank of England 
notes abroad, in a career 
during which he pursued 
criminals all over the world. 
Even in the Yard’s top job 

from 1954, he was very far from a liner off the Isle of 
from being a desk-bound exec- Wight And and he became, 
utive and was one. of the wifly .nifly, the model for 
senior detectives in the hunt several detective stories. 


Dr Gifford Horton-Siniih, 
OBE who died on May 31 at 
the age of 85, was an avian 
biologist who did major re- 
search on the parasitic dis- 
eases of poultry.. 

Born on January 31. 1901, 
and educated , at Manchester 
Grammar, he served as a 
cadet in the Royal Navy 
during the Rest World War. 

. He then spent four years in the 

with the great Ludwig Koch 
on the production of record- 
ings of bird song. 

In 1937 he joined the Cen- 
tral Veterinary Laboratory at 
Weybridge where he worked 
on the chemotherapy of the 
avian parasiraic disease, 

In 1948 he and Dr R. F. 
Gordon left to set up what was 
to become the Houghton 

merchant marine, qualifying Poultry Research Station. 

St George’s House 
Windsor Castle 

General Sir Hugh Beach is ; 
retiring after five years as war- | 
den. Mrs Rosalind Gilmore, 
director of personal bankitg; at 
the ■ National Giro Bank, has 
been appointed director from 
September I. Dr John Long has 
been appointed acting warden 
for 1986/87. 

as a Second Mate. 

It was during this period 
that he became interested in 
bird flight and published a 
paper on the Wandering Alba- 
tross fn the Proceedings of the 
Zoological Society of Nefr 
South Wales. 

Returning ashore at the age 
of 28 he entered Manchester 
University to read zoology 
and after graduation, taught 
fora while at Imperial College,. 
London, and the Sir John Cass 

He also published a book on 
bird flight and collaborated 

Here Horton-Smith contin- 
ued his work on cocddiosis 
and laid the foundations of 
whai became an interna tional- 
ly celebrated department deal- 
ing with parasites of poultry. 

. ' He published countless sci- 
entific papers and edited 
many books as well as the 
-journal. British Poultry Sci- 

On relinquishing his post as 
Head of Parasitology at 
Houghton in 1965 he served 
with the Food and Agriculture 
Organisation of the UN in the 
Middle east for three years. 


Professor Kenneth Norman 
Palmer has been appointed- 
honorary visiting professor in 
fire science in the department of 
chemistry, in addition lo being 
head of the Rue Research 


Dr Sun Whitley has been 
appointed w the British Nudear 
Fuels chair in physics within the 
pure and applied physics 

University news 


Dr Ronald Walker has been 
appointed as a professor of food 
science in the department of 


Promotions (from October 1): 
Mr P.A. Clark to be professor, 
department of economic and 
social history. 

Readers Dr R L Kino (geography) and 
Dr. N B sundni (pnyuologyi. 

Senior lecturer* Mt» P HardleScer 
(social warkr. Mr A C Neal (lawk Dr C 
□ OckWora (anatomy): Dr D J Pyle 
(economics}: ana Mr R B Warren 




Of mathematics. loraniinS^^m 
into non-linear systems. 


Dr Margaret Yelloly. head of the 
depmxnent of applied social 
studies at Goldsmiths' College. 
London, has been .appointed 
professor of social ‘work «nd- ] 
director of social work 

Professor Ralph Pickford. 
Professor of Psychology at 
Glasgow University. I955-.73. 
died on June 7. He was 83. 

A research student of Em- 
manuel College. Cambridge. 
Pi deford did research on the 
psychology of reading with a 
grant from the MRC. from 
1927 to 1932. 

He joined Aberdeen Uni- 
versity in 1929 as a.lecturer in 
psychology, movingiri 1935 to 
Glasgow ; where he became 
head of the psychology depart- 

ment in 1947.- and Professor in 

His works deal with experi- 
mental studies of colour vi- 
sion and visual perception, 
and with the psychology of art 
and social and clinical 

Among them are Ind'mdita! 
Differences in j Colour I Tsion 
(1951). the Human Senses 
and Perception :( [ 963) and 
Studies in Psychiatric. Art 
(1967). . : ; . . 

J t‘- v 1 

.-•€ 4. 

for the Great Train Robbers, 
personally leading the raid on 
their hideouL 

Hatherifl was the epitome of 
the solid, disapproving police- 
man, and was noted for his 
almost Puritanical revulsion 
from crime, which he once 
described as “Almost without 
excepti on., .sordid wretched 
and. in many cases, vicious 
and degrading”. 

But though he hated any 
public sentiment to attach 
itself to the pursuit of crime, 
his own deductive exploits dad 
on.occasions cloak him with a 
romantic aura - as when he 
correctly concluded that a . 
woman's body washed npon a 
North Cornish beach must 
have been thrown overboard 





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The Motfierscrf Plazk ; 
deMayo/A . " 
Portuguese Goodbye 
Everyman ; . 

King David (PG) 

Odeon Haymarket ! 

House (15) 

Leicester Square Th^tre; 
Odeon Marble Arch s l * 

Silver Bullet 
Cannons Haymarket, 
Oxford Street 

With South Africa reminding us daily 
that the threat to human rights is 
unremitting, the arrival of The Moth- 
ers of Plaza de Mayo is timely. 
Susawa Munoz and. Lourdes Portillo's 
; moving, unpolished, first-hand- ac- 
-count of courage in the face of 
massive repression was not surpris- 
ingly nominated for this year’s Oscar 
lor best documentary. . 

bi, the second half of (he 1970s,- 
30,000 Argentinian citizens disap- . 
peared without trace. The military 
■dictatorship said they were “sub- 
versives” — a broad term which 
embraced people simply involved is 
chariiable work among the under- . 
privileged, or students of such suspect . 
subjects as sociok$y, biology and 
political history. Few if any merited 
the military's charges that they were 
terrorists and guerrillas. Many of the 
desaparecidos were children;, most 
Were under 30, and included pregnant . 
women and nursing. mothers. The 
Oscar- wjonmg Argentinian feature 
The Official Story exposed the prac- 
tice ; of handing . out the - babies 
orphaned. 1 in this way to favoured 
snpporters.of the regime. ■ 

In time the Mother* were joined by 
others,, until thousands of women 
appeared each week, to parade slowly 
round the square with their pictures , 
and white head-scarves inscribed 
with, the names of their lost ones. 
Most were middlenaged and political- 
ly uneducated; hot they knew the 

- intercut other documents: news films 
of the women confronting policemen 
chosen for their size and ferocity; the 
dictators themselves, sanctimonious- 
ly denying or justifying, or filmed in 
the cathedral in ostentatious worship 

- (the 'Church was little help to the 
.Mothers); a former soldier who fell 
the army in revulsion; a dreadful 

g impse of retrieved corpses. A 
nixed States officer from the mili- 
tary academy where Argentinian top 
brass is trained speaks confidently of 
the task of promotingUS’^techniques 
and doctrines'. . . if we are to keep 
Latin America"/ Munoz and Portillo * 
conclude with a sequence which . 
-Shows women in other Latin Ameri-- 
. can countries under military dictator- . 
‘ship taking up the example of the 
r Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo. 

The courage .of the Mothers is 
. . uplifting, but the conclusion of the 
film is sad. The Falklands adventure 
brought down the dictators; yet after 
three years of democracy the Mothers 
still demonstrate. The' leaders have 
been put on trial, but their underlings 
.- and the actual killers — men "only 
obeying orders” — go unpunished. 
The Army is still sacrosanct; and the 
Mothers’ demands for justice, for- 
roeriy called “subversive' 1 ; are today 
dismissed as “destabilizing". - The- 
Mothers know that their desapa- 
recidos will never come back. 

' The film plays in a double bill with 
_A Portuguese Goodbye, an academic 
curiosity by the. young Portuguese 
director Joao Botelho. All too evi- 
dently besotted with the Japanese 
master Yasujiro Ozu, Botelho has 
rashly attempted his own version of 
Ozu’s masterpiece Tokyo Story. An 
old couple from the provinces go to 
the city to see their children for a last 
time before they die. The children try 
to be kind, but are preoccupied with 
their own lives and affairs; aBd the. 
old relationships are eclipsed. 

As~in Tokyo . Story, die ’Couple find 
the closest sympathy, not with their 
: own offspring but with the widow of. 
their dead son. The-, film . intercuts 
memories of his death as. a soldier in - 
Portugal's last tragic, aimless colo- 
nial' war. Botelho captures the 
malancfaoly of Ozu but not much of 
the poetry, though there is enough 
here to suggest a talent that will do 
better when it recovers, from hero- 
worship. . . 

Among the other achievement .of . 


Exciting potential 

TQ/Rawripn/ • vail) soothingly for the strings. 
I-O/JSawaen/ There was much more in 

KnUSSCn . . this diligently detailed score 

e i*: than will probably ever meet 

£>nape Mailings the ear. and some imaginative 

; — : ideas needed more time to 

To the varied list of pleasure* register than these breathless 
which the London Sinfbnietta tableaux often allowed. - Baw- 
is contributing to this Aide- however, shows exciting 
burgh Festival must now be potential, and his conducting 
added the rare delight of °\ ® well-prepared London 
hearing the heckel phone. It Sinfbnietta was exemplary. So 
was used in serious and dra- loo was fo e 5,n Smf of ^leen 
matic fashion, too, both in Hulse and Mary King, who 
Hans Werner Henze's 1981 n€gOtiat«J the frantic metis- 
work Le Miracle de to rose and mas confidently, and grateful- 
in Rupert Bawden's Le Lirre [Y the few chances for 
de Fauvei. receiving its first lyricism, 
performance. Le Miracle de la rose is 

. Henze's second piece for 
The young composer bases “imaginary theatre", in which 
J^mmme Ptt« on a instruments play charac- 
cetebrated medieval tlhimi- tens in a surrealist drama. The 
nated manuscript. That is not . ^ hearl Q f a 

qui^asesotenc an idra as ,t teenager - is bunted and 

7 ci 1 SC ^ 1? for .1- Roi "? n . destroyed by figures of author- 
is t a scathing satire j ly . an a iiegory which might 
that is still potent six hundred symbolize many dark things, 
yrare on The donkey Fauvei Mosl impoilan fjy, though, ft 
represents thesinsofFalsite, is ^ ^ f or a tfghjy 
Avanre- Yilainie and so forth. origina , and impassioned ctitr- 
Consequentiy. monarchs and j neI conce no, full of superbly 
bishops revere him, and he calculated theatrical gestures, 
nses to rule the world 

a , .. . - - , The eloquent soloist, on 

Eawden s scheme is simple msuuments of three sizes, was 
he unleashes the full force of Michae | Collins. who ^ 
his 17 players in a raging, especially expressive voice to 

Back to the biblical epic: David (Richard Gere) Calls for Baths heba 
(Alice KrigeX and meantime plans her husband's death, in King David 

death of Absalom — but much 
between remains unexplained There 
is some sense of the sly machinations 
of the Prophets, but little of David's 
inspired political manoeuvrings, or 
the numerous diplomatic marriages 
which explain the dissensions of his 
heterogeneous family. 

Jonathan, Bathsheba. Michal and 
even the minxish Absalom (Jean- 
Marc Barr) are only walk-ons whose 
relationships with David remain 
unexplored The most commanding 
presence in the film is Edward 
Woodward's Saul, a mad, majestic 
desert ruler. Richard Gere labburs at 
(lie main role, though it is better to 
avert the eyes when he girds his loins 
to dance for the Lord. 

Having ranged from Barry Mc- 
Kenzie to The Getting of Wisdom , 
Breaker Moroni and Tender Mercies, 
the director Bruce Beresford is clearly 
game for anything; aiid King David is, 
as biblical epics go (or went) serious 
and well-dressed. ATof more of the 

i As might be expected from the 
original begetters of Friday the 13th 
(Sean Cunningham and Steve Miner,, 
here respectively producer and direc- 
tor). their new horror film House 
shrewdly covers all its bets. It 
combines well-tried formulae — the 
old dark house and the House of 
W ox-style vengeance “haunting” by a 
disfigured psychopaih - and throws 
in the hero's nightmare memories of 
Vietnam as well. It offers all the 
standard ghost- train frights, while 
sending up the genre enough to 
permit the young audience the illu-_ 
si on of sophisticated, tongue-in-cheek 
detachment from belief The quality 
of the special effects is taken for 
granted. The alchemy worked for 
American audiences, and House 2 is 
already in production. 

The prolific novelist Stephen King 
now turns out his horrors in handy 
packs: Silver Ballet is adapted from a 
“novelette” about a sunny small town 
.. terrorized :hy a werewolf Jt would 

complex-rhyihmed polypho- 
ny. dominated by some ram- 
pant . percussion writing, to 
represent civilization sinking 
into sin. as civilizations are 
wont to do. But he offers 
some crumbs of comfort — 
both to social optimists and to 
those who simply like quiet 
music — by setting two prayers 
(asking for goodness to pre- 

the tender cadenza that inter- 
rupts the terrifyingly aggres- 
sive final climax. Oliver 
Knussen directed the work 
with the same control he had 
brought to Britten's Sin- 
fonietta and Stravinsky's 
Eight Instrumental Minia- 

Richard Morrison 

Disturbing quirks 

ECO/ Ashkenazy 


After hearing ' the' sensitive 
refinement of Perahia - and 

pestuous. But. just as in the 
same composer's Divertimen- 
to in D. K205. with which the 
concert began. Ashkenazy's 
tendency (albeit a time- 
honoured one) was to deaden 
the impact of the outer sec- 

Uchida in their playing of tjons jj y articulating too 
Mozart, it was a disappoint- s^thiy 7 

risks - someL' jifert : ..attested- .and ; King David's hriefbut glorious fcratfi. aid well^rKscijL AW more of the terrorized by a werewolf Jt' would 
WrturecL of. themselves disappeared; ; empire was the first writing Of history, ; old De Mflle flamboyance would . -hardly make a story at all if. the 
fot ever — and wepa" ready fece ; - In consequence we have a -more- ; helped^- .though everiDe Mflle grown-ups' did not spin it out bv 

Ray Charles 


: Rav Charles, the jazz Triusi- 
: rian who aU but invented soul 

harassment by ihtpoliceand charges: 
of.being mad or Marxist or. both; 
Their dftmmstratibns,' at a time when 
few' .Argentinians, dared, speak -pul* 
were.efiaiivei National and interna- 
tional consridusness wps stirred and. 
the dictators were, forced to restrain 
the wholesale disappearances. the women — some of 
whom' have lost, whole families and 
personally -experienced torture — 
.speak directly of their feelings and 
.their fight Munoz and Portillo 


Victoria Palace • 

The umpteenth, musical to 
open jn the Wesi End this 

comprehensive biography .of David 
asraan and politician than of any': 
•other historical figure befortrhim. It 
.seems in feci ralheT.loo: comprehend 
sive .for.the .-writers of King, David 
(Andrew Biririri and James Costfgan), 
who diligently set out to tell the whole 
story but end up racing from incident 
to fragmentary incident, relying on 
commentary to fill in the gaps. The 
big moments are- there — the slaying 
of Goliath, the battle of Gilboa, 
Bathsheba’s bath and the revolt and 

ment on Wednesday to hear 
Vladimir Ashkenazy's perfor- 
mance of that composer's D 
minor Piano Concerto, K466. 
with the English Chamber 

Where the music should 
have disturbed, instead his 
quirky view of it did. The first 
movement/ for .example. 

Dotted rhythms, for in- 
stance. almost became triplets, 
while there was little attention 
given to the inner detail of 
phrases. Fortunately, the 
stormy middle section was 
admirably dramatic, and it 
was probably the fault, of the 
hall -that at limes, foe wood- 

ImighCl^ejTbbed at tteab^W tiresome^ disbelieving foe f 1-year- 
foe^ robed stenographer who an-_ o]d cripple boy hero who -knows all- 
irouiKe&lM: tstaJaag it all downdor ; an d ifeveiryone concerned did not act . 
foeBookof&mufcL ■ ; - . ^[h siicH reckless folly. But foeft" 

.A phniomenon, otfrlm history -is_ most horror films depend- on parents 

- or . e *? nipe j. wind Unceremoniously dirow- 
lacked _foe vugjiense of ned mroiiL _ 

urgency, partly because Ashr r n:Ben eral. the ECO otaved 

foe resuigenbe of the horror movie, in' 
periods of momentous mfernatibiial 
anxiety. It happened in foe period of 
European revolution after the First 
World War. and again during foe 
great Depression of foe early Thirties. 
It is perhaps significant that the most 
recent cycle still persists. 

like-foese; wfeo-helpfiilly take off- for 
the weekend of the full moon, leaving 
the kids at the mercy of the monster 
and a boozy Uncle. Daniel Attias 
directs without any apparent aware- 
ness of the absurdity of his script. 

David Robinson 

music -in foe .Fifties, is now. season is foe revival of this 
: assigned To the country, divi- phenomenally successful 
-sion of his record label in “family show" from the Six- 
_ America. . As part . .of his ties. 1'darc ay its charms are 

“country” act he has been potent stilL 
-7; melding blues, gospel and R & An updated version of Cin- 
: C. B with a .ftiU-blownr orchestral ' derella, with the Prince (Mark . 

. ^setting since foe early Sixties. Wynier)a wealthy, self-loving • 
and - when an artist . who has American, the story, enshrines 
/ -- both" dominated and tran- , .foe principle. "that if foe En- 
‘ i - . scended so many categories of ’ ^ishlike a Lord they wDMove ’• 
-• f. " eomemporaiy rnustc, ■ with a Lfidyz Charlie. Gin has four • 
!--such a vast catalogue of. Ladies, ^including Charlie her- 
y'-' : material- performs a 50- self (L3sa Hull); otherwise : 
, ~ minute- set with foe Royal Lady Charlotte HadwelL who 
rPhilharrnonic Orchestra in spends all ■ her time oiling 
- tow/ iv is -a safe bet, that the veteran cars ' in the motor 
presentation will onty scratch museum of her mother’s state- 
. . the surtace at besL - ly home and does not know- 

,r .. . - Even so foe RPO. conduct- abourboys. Loyal Joe (Paul 
\ . .cd by . Sidney Filler, were Nicholas) loves her but dass- 

Lady Charlotte HadwelL who 
spends all - her time oiling 
veteran cars' in foe motor 
museum of her mother’s state- 
ly home and does not know- 
about boys. Loyal Joe (Paul 
Nicholas) loves her but dass- 

Cyd Charisse: gracious old-time glamour as Lady Hadwell 

nificant because whai they are lit already. Bui .the music of 
in foe show .to do is to bring David • Heneker and John 

patently, out of foeir depth. " consdousness ties his tongue. 
“Such a good band" Charles Joe also does the Fairy God- 




Taylor is pleasant enough and 
the simple rhythms of their 

said generouslv at foe end, but mother bit of finding her a 
I’ their stiff-backed unfhmiliari- d ^ s . h» tq be 

-. jr tv with the warm, spontane- banded back at an.mconve- 

- : L oils nuances, of Charles's footJtoftL^.U ndeteircd. 

" “’ . music had contributed in large . Chartie_ strips otjandvconim- 
; i '- part to a bland' and. hesitant nt T w 

1 mwnaiT.ment ' ■ . Med “ <h ’^ 

, . Charles: resplendent m a. . l ”£r • j ■ - 

//.camel tuxedo and an outsize V 

■ ■■ bow-tie. lunched -up to his 
_ piano.with a huge grin radial- 

- Z ing beneath his^ftpenetrable 


Starts, and ^ 

- -:P f ! B f0 ™ er corridors, and Dora Bn 


. . *** 4 

tabiL* jazz sense of timing and . ■ ; ; 

£ phrasing,, matniained interest • * ^ / / 

i ' in a peculiar .arrangement of A JYllflS UlBUi eir- 
■ ^-"Eleanor Rigby" and a speed- nTP^rn 1 

' "ed-up version of "Take.These INlgUt SL/i6aH1 . 

Chains' From My Heart" that Regent’s Park 
really did sound (ike a country 

ahjhtj to join forest mote effectively tl 

■ 0n My nSlefl ^ irees ’ ^ & rcam re* 13 * 

^ Charies singmg with trem indispensible item in i 

^ Clous commitment ms Kgs rroertorv T 

-.and bis body seeming!) con- Toby Roberts 

- samed wuh the song s .emo- j. ‘ / a way out . of it 
non. Bui. ahhoi^b it is his foe nil 

■ practice _to . esdyw §, ow {,y a. strolling compa 

-fopw'-L this ■ one seemed to £ u - p - a CQ{lViie 

• battered platforms' and p 

^ fe^andioo^bneflyexecirt- foriT7cd fo total disre^rtf 

“i ed-to do justice to such a gn^t p^Q^i surroundings. 

“WnL .-rhic hmHurtion now i 

a go at 

at the English aristocrat 
ed to guiding nuns and 

Joe also does the Fairy God- In foe first half Cyd title song are deddely catchy, 
mother bit of finding her a .Charisse dances graciously Terry Parsons's attractive sets 
party ' dress that has to be though slowly against an im- give us a dolls’- ho use stately 
banded back at an . inconve-/ pressiye fountain the equal of home in the background and a 
nient moment.' .Undeterred, anything ax Brjdeshead. At foe range of two-storey interiors 
Charlie strips off and' contin- ■ Climax foe steps on to a plihfo, that slide" into place, recei ving 
ues to^dance in her mini-slip. " and I am sorry to report that tapestries . from above and 
Cinderella failed to think of foe plinth rises a yard .or so" flights, of steps from behind, 
that. • ' ■-•■into-the aiHea ving her posed 1 Paul Nicholas phrases his 

The show also finds room Here, all statuesque. But in songs weH. Some of foe others 
for wo older performers, one- foe second half she and Claud- allow harsh notes and disior- 
EngHsh, one American. Twen- : Paul Henry do a much more tion to enter foeir mikes. Bui 
ty years ago these were played . - interesting hip-roliing oum- there is much in the show that 
by Anna;.. Neagle and .Hy-' ber, with honkjHonk obbliga- rives uncomplicated, old- 
Hazel; this time round foe to from, the wings, and we are fashioned, mildly snobbish 


Old RedLion 

Stewart Conn's hero is a 
middle-aged academic who 
imprudently agrees to cram a 
student for her finals, which is 
one way of describing the 
mess he walks into. He may be 
Herman but whose man is he? 
■His embittered wife and tena- 
cious girlfriend battle this out 
saying all foe things people do 
say on these miserable occa- 
sions. wifothe wretched male 
stranded between them mak- 
ing lunging fist gestures inside 
his cardigan pockets until a 
convenient death lets him off 
.foe hook. 

What, periodically removes 
foe piece from the world of “I 
love her in a different way" 
and “don't touch me” is foe 
fact that Herman happens to 
be obsessed by foe works of 
Melville, sometimes to foe 
extent of believing himself to 
be foe author of Moby Dick. 

In the process of switching a 
narrative between ■ past, pre- 
sent and inside foe hero's 
head, Mr Conn takes some 
striking Prrandellian leaps; as 

Those two examples, how- 11 f s 
ever, indicate where the eas y n 
scheme breaks down. Ahab 
and his adventurous creator T 111510 
are pursuers.' Poor Herman, siles ' 1 
pursued not only by his wpm- . ' ■ . 
en but by the two “furies” 
mentioned above, is in a state 
of constant flight And, as 
there is no scope for working 
out dramatic parallels be- KJrv 
tween these opposite behav- 
iour-patterns, foe piece fells 
into unrelated units, some 
chronicling foe menopausal 
love-affeir, some following foe 
climaxes of Moby Dick and 
some bringing on foe furies as 
Treasure Island ghouls, sinis- 
ter literary evangelists and 
other- hoary sunivore from 
the coniedy of menace as 
remote from Melville as from 
academic domesticity. 

The play gives off an acrid 
aroma of sexual guilt What it frisson. 

“kenazy produced a predomi- 
nantly -soft-edged tone,- al- 
though foe odd bar or two by 
contrast might be said to have 
stuck out like the proverbial 
sore thumb in these circum- 
stances. One yearned for the 
kind of brittleness that Solti, 
showed in this work here last 
week; his was a gripping 
reading for all its technical 

It is probably a relatively 
easy 'matter to hold foe slow 
movement together, for this is 
music of two simple oppo- 
sites. the placid and the lem- 

ned foe soloist . .. 

In:genen»L foe ECO played 
neatly, though in both of these 
works, as • well as- in ; foe 
“Jupiter^ Symphony, which 
Ashkenazy also conducted, 
one was always uncomfort- 
ably aware of a lamentable 
insecurity in foe playing of the 
first horn (Alan Civil). It was a 
pity, too. that so many repeats 
were omitted. The finale con- 
sequently seemed like a brisk 
gambol rather than a move- 
ment of real stature; it was as if 
Ashkenazy could not wait to 
catch foe next plane home. 

Stephen Pettitt 

Missing magic 


Festival Hall 

A complete (well, almost) 
Midsummer Night’s Dream 
for a midsummer festival 
seems quite the most delight- 
ful idea. But on Wednesday 
foe love?juice was off: even 
Mendelssohn's overture, let 
alone so many entrancing 
episodes we so rarely hear 
from the incidental music, 
passed without a single 

does not do is to trace this to The Royal Philharmonic, 
its source. Eric Standidge's and particularly Andre Pre- 
production. played against the vin. certainly seemed to be 

beams of a Nantucket tavern, 
offers two versatile furies (Da- 
vid Bannerman and Paul Gal- 
loway), and Ian McCulloch 
commits himself body and 
sou! to foe tirades of Ahab and 
foe rages of sexual rdespair. 

enjoying themselves. The rea- 
son why I could not was 

are soloists of such eager 
willingness as Eva Lind and 
Christine Cairns, foe feiiy 
lullaby can lapse into jingle if 
its fragments and textures are 
not most meticulously judged. 

It is all very well for the 
Wedding March to be allowed 
the indulgence of sounding 
like foe Salvation Army on a 
good day. It is another matter 
when foe Nocturne, again 
through slack, ill-considered 
phrasing, takes on foe con- 
tours of one of their more 
mawkish ditties. 

The white-jacket, easy-lis- 
tening approach coursed 
through Andre Watts’s slick 
but superficial performance of 
Liszt's Piano Concerto No 2. 

almost entirely the result of A festival environment need 
Previn's reluctance to listen not, perhaps, be foe excuse for 

where Herman winds up one . The impression remains tha t 
Ahab speech, in the. role of- Melville has been roped in to 

Texas-born Cyd Charisse has ableto-marvel at her famously- pleasure. 

- "Paul Nicholas phrases his 
songs weH. Some of the others 
allow harsh notes and distor- 
tion to enter foeir mikes. Bui 
there is much in the show that 
raves uncomplicated, old- 
fashioned, mildly snobbish 

iegant ie] 
This is 

it legs. 

5 is a not a show foal 

schoolboys down her baronial, advances foe art-form of foe 
corridors,, and : Dora Bryan musical. Lights are; dimmed 
playes the fond American when a song is to be sung so 
mum." Any oddness in . this that a spot can follbw' foe 

After foe fountain there are 
fireworks and a walkdown 
glittering with a million se- 
quins. All this and choc-ices in 
foe intervaL 

mum. Any oconess in mis max a spot can ioiiow me • r. romv Vinnc+nn 

casting soon, becomes ' ganger, who was perfectly well - Brcmy JkingjylOll 

"(directed by” David Conville-.when Deraetrrus runs kisses 
• andEmnla Freud), and it -up her aim. the lovers are an 

INignrsiiream • - works as well as ever. As 
„ ® Part before, its only serious weak- 

Kegeni S rarK ness appears m the opening 

scenes, where foe company are 

Although nothing destroys the too busy being vagabond ao 
spell of Shakespeare's magic tors to get inside their Alhe- 
forest more effectively that nian roles, and attention is 

David Sinclair 

real trees, the Dream remains focused more on foe ' playing Bernard Bresslaw going up on 
an indispensible item in foe convention"' than the play, his toes to represent foe “tall” 
Regent's Paik repertory. The .With' the 'arrival of Puck Pyramus. and Snug, the joiner 
deadlock seems in soluble: Inn (Andrew Collins) from a prop handing out business cards to 
last year Toby . Robertson baskeL Shakespeare decisively foe court, 
found a ;way. out. of ft, .by takes over, and foe .robust \ It was equally in keeping 
presenting the play- as.a rough - . magic; of- Sue Hodge's drum- with the show for. one Eiizabe- 
show by a. strolling company . majorette Peqseblossora and than extra to announce ~£n- 
"who " set up a couple, of .Diane Fletcher's spitfire Tita-. gland'3. Paraguay 0": and for 
battered platforms' and per- -nia proves quite as potent, as all foe trees to burst, into light 
formed in total .disregard of the ethereal; variety;. - -at. -foe end. restoring the 

their pastoral surroundings.' With the exception of Caro* . traditional spell of the place. 

This production now re- lyn Backhouse’s Helena; al- 
mms in a recast version most seduced out of her anger irYlllg WaTCLie 

anonymous group where rou- 
tines. however, are inventive- 
ly directed. So. too. are those 
of the mechanicals who first 
come on as rock-bonom com- 
ics and proceed to get better 
and better, with foe gigantic 
Bernard Bresslaw going up on 
his toes to represent foe “tall” 
Pyramus. and Snug. the joiner 
handing out business cards to 
foe court. 

It was equally in keeping 
with tiie show for one Elizabe- , 
than" extra to announce "En- i 

neglected author auditioning 
for two film-studio lizards 
who tell him that Jaws has 
knocked the bottom out of foe 
fish market. Even better, foe 
same pair descend on him as 
menacing sub-librarians in 
pursuit of overdue books, and 
then grovellingly swallow his 
claim that he is Melville and 
these defaced paperbacks are 
first editions annotated by foe 





lend dignity ton banal story. 


and to phrase, rather than 
simply cue in with his baton, 
what is. after all. one of foe 
most felicitously phrased 
scores Imaginable. Even the 
opening chords cannot tingle . 
if they are played merely as 
chords; and. even when there 

cool, multi-purpose bravura: 
Liszt's transformations were 
too often met by virtuoso 
chain-reaction rather than be- 
ing matched in imaginative 

Hilary Finch 


their pastoral surroundings. 

This production now re- 
turns in a recast version 

at . - foe end. . restoring the 
traditional spefr'of ihe place. 

Irving Wardle 

m HAVnrffbCK HILL mw ■» *35 
niw Mcewwto 




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Thfa merchamSee is the property of a number of principle {fired importers in the U.K.* 
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Every item guaranteed authentic. Expert advice available at time of viewing, 
to be transferred from bonded warehouses and offered .at Ihe; 


ON SUNDAY, 22nd JUNE at 3pm. 

Viewing from noon same day. 

- Payment cash. Cheque or all major credit cards. ' 

Auctioneers: A ' 

Brteew A Pannerg Ltd, 144yi4fi New Bond Street London Wl. Tat 01-483 «S7B. 


CBI names 
its young 
guides to 
the future 

By David Young 

The 19 young men and two young women 
selected to ‘‘draw the chart which British 
industry will use to navigate into the next 
century" were named yesterday by the 
Confederation of British Industry. They have 
instructions to come np with a vision of what 
they want to see happening in industry in the 
year 2010. 

They will form a group of committees, and 
each will come up with their views on what 
products Britain should be mak in g, how it 
should sell them and how people should be 
working and relating to new technologies. 

Their first report wfll form the basis for 
discussions at this year's CBI conference in 
Bournemouth, and then they will continue to 
meet and supply the CBI Conncil with ideas 
and suggestions* to improve every element of 
industrial performance. 

The 21 were selected after being nominated 
by their companies or CBI regional staff, and 
have been drawn from a wide range of 
companies, covering most industrial sectors. _ 

Thev include a fanner who also runs his 
family'property business, and a teacher who is 
a deputy school head. 

All are graduates and white, hot yesterday 
their selection was defended by the CBI as 
being a true cross-section of British industrial 
and commercial life. Several have experience 
of dealing with industrial problems at shop- 
floor level. 

One. Paul Cootes, who manages a supermar- 
ket chain food-prodnctkm unit said: “I have 
600 people working with me, not 600 people 
working for me.” 

James Lnpton, a solicitor and director of a 
merc han t bank, said: “We have to decide how 
we want to live in the year 2010 and work ont 
bow to get there." 

Fiona Gilmore, a director in an international 
business development and communications 
consultancy, said she believed British industry 
wonld establish the right way ahead only when 
people were willing to challenge old rales and 
aim for the highest goals long-term. 

Sir Terence Beckett, the CBI director- 
general, said: “I will make no bones about it. 
Too many in Britain tend too mnch to bumble 
through. We have a deeply-en trenched belief 
that it will be all right on the day', that 
somehow everything will come ont all right. 

“The Japanese very definitely do not do it 
that way. They think ahead and plan ahead ex- 
tremely successfully. We must do the same . . . 

“The UK does not have a good track record 
in strategic long-term thinking, compared with 
Japan . . . 

“The CBI has a role in encouraging UK 
business to develop equal long-time horizons. 
The senior management who will have the 
responsibility for leading British business into 
the 21st century are the younger executives of 

Tory MPs 
rebel ob * 

By Nicholas Wood 
Pofitkal Reporter 

The Govcnraicni feces a 
Commons clash with us back- 
benchers zf it fails to increase 
child benefit each year in line 
with- inflation. t£ 

This became clear yesterday 
lit the wake of a vote underlin- 
ing the strength of all-party 
support for maintaining Utc 

real value of the £7-a-weck 
-payment per child, wtuch is 
currently channelled directly 
to seven million mothers. . 

Despite the efforts of Govi 
enuneat whips. 35 Conserva- 
tives joined with Labour 
members m supporting a BiB 
brought in by Sir Brandon 
Rhys ■ Williams, the Tory 
.member ibr Kensington, on 


The Government believed 
that the Bill, brought in under 
the Ten Minute Rule proce- 
dure, which means it has no »"■ 
chance of becoming taw. 
would pass without a division. 

There was consternation on 
its benches when Mr Frank 
Field, the Labour MP ibr 
Birkenhead, dashed these 
hopes by forcing a vote. The 
measure was approved by 152 
votes to three. 

The lOp increase in child 
benefit which comes into ef- 
fect at the end of next month is 
m line whb the me m prices 
but according to Sir Brandon, 
does nothing to restore last 
vear's 35p culm its real value. 

3 ( T 5, 

7 I ® 

15 1 16 1 17 - 

eaar -m > v 


I. David Palmer, group plan- 
ning and marketing service man- 
ager, British Steam Specialities 
Croup; 2. Peter O'NalL group 
development executive, Bonar 
and Law, Dundee; 3. Thomas 
Ward, corporate development 
manager, Scottish, and New- 
castle Breweries. Edinburgh: 

4. Francois Eliet, chief executive 
or Swains Packaging, Dublin; 

5. Charles Hudson, running 
foully farm and property com- 
pany: 6. David Bawdier, sys- 
tems service manager at IBM. 
Horsley; 7. Charles Target, dep- 
uty manag in g director. Econo- 
mist Publications; 8. Richard 
Hooke, resources manager, Brit- 
ish Aerospace; Weybridge; 

9. Mark Higsoo, production 
director of Belmont Weaving; 

10. Paul Cootes. production 
manager, Sainsbnry's;-U. John 
Talbot section head of tariff 
application and energy econom- 
ics section, die Electricity Coun- 
cil; 12. Malcolm Heakt, group 
financial controller for Stand 

Ltd, wholly-owned subsidiary of 
Charter Consolidated; 

13. Jamds Lnpton, director of 
Baring Brothers merchant bank; 

14. Mark Nicolson. man a ger . 
Barclays Bank Strand branch; 
(15. Dr Penny Birdseye, CBI); 
16. Denise Lincoln, compensa- 
tion director of Grand Metro- 
politan; (17. Sir Terence 
Beckett, CBI); 18. Fiona 
Gilmore, marketing director of 
Michael Peters and Partners, 
business development • and 
communications consultancy; 
19. Jerry Wood, planning co- 
ordination manager. Shell 
Chemicals; 20. Graham Mills, 
district information services 
manager , British Telecom South 
Midlands and Chflteru District; 
21. David BtfL deputy head. 
Powers Hall Gouiity Junior 
School, Withaut, Essex; 22. 
Chris Geaves, associate partner, 
Edward Erdrnan quantity sur- 
veyor; 23. Steve Lee, personnel 
director of Ptlklngton Insolation 

Tory split inevitable’ 

Continued, from page 1. 
“supine appeasement". Mrs 
Thaicher retorted by insisting 
lhat no other Western indus- 
trialized country had done, 
more to put pressure on South 

Government business man- 
agers and senior ministers are 
hoping lhat the drawn out 
nature of die diplomatic ma- 
noeuvres. culminating in the 
Commonwealth leaders meet- . 
ing in London in August, will 
defuse the differences inside 
the party. But the views pul. 
forward by pro-South African 
MPS to the Prime Minister 
last night make that highly 

Mr John Carlisle. Conserva- 
tive MP for Luton North and 

secretary of the British South 
African group, said before the 
meeting with Mrs Thatcher: 

"There should be no con- 
cessions at all. but positive 
moves by the British Govern- 
ment- including more direct 
nmwations with the South 
African government," 

• Mrs Gienys Kmnock led 24 
women, inducting Miss Bren- 
da Dean, general secretary of 
Sogat '82. Miss Harriet 
Harman. Labour MP for 
Peckham. Mrs Shirley Wil- 
liams. president of the SDP. 
and the actresses Eleanor Bron 
and Jill .Gascoigne, to 
Downing Street yesterday to 
protest at the Prime Minister's 
refusal to use sanctions. 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
Tne Prince of Wales. Presi- 
dent, The Prince’s. Trust, 
accompanied by the Princess of 
Wales, attends a Gala Rock 
Concert to celebrate the tenth 
birthday of the Trust Wembley 
Arena, 7. 

Prince Edward, chairman of 
The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award 
Thirtieth Anniversary Tribute 
Project, attends a Ball at Luton 
Hoo. Luton. Bedfordshire, 7 JO. 

Princess Margaret visits 
Cheltenham General Hospital. 

The Duke of Kent, President, 
the Royal National Lifeboat 
Institution, names a new life- 
boat. Cromer Pier. NorfoIkJ. 
Exhibitions in progress 
Spanish Civil War Exhibition, 
James Dun’s House. Schoolhili. 
Aberdeen; Mon to Sat 10 to 5 

(ends August 9). 

Manchester Football: Press 
and Photographs 1880 to 1939: 
Tow ne ley Hall Art Gallery. 
Burnley. Mon to Fri 10 to 5.30, 
Sun 1 2 to 5 (ends July 6). 

Lithuanian Arc Craft and 
Natural History. Derby Mu- 
seum and Art Gallery. The 
Strand; Tues to Sat 10 to 5 (ends 
July 12). 

Lincolnshire Rising. 1536 to 
1986. Usher An Gallery. 
Lindum Rd, Lincoln; Mon to 
Sal 10 to 5.30, Sun 2.30 to 5 
(ends July 13). 

Pictures for Hospitals, Aber- 
deen Art Gallery. Schoolhili; 
Mon lo Sat 10 to 5, Thins 10 to 
7. Sun 2 lo 5 (ends June 29). 

Delfifield Pottery Project, Ait 
Gallery and Museum. 
Kelvingrove. Glasgow; Mon to 
Sat 1 0 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends June 

Paintings by Sumaya Mc- 
Intyre. the Ginnel Gallery, 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,077 

■ ■ 





u ■ 





■ ■ ■ 








1 Price reductions in brand 
range in Sussex (4-5). 

6 Bad sort, according to "Ani- 
mal Farm" (5). 

9 Inhabitant of lakeside 
convention centre (7). 

10 Pans the spoken word, and 
cuts bits out (7). 

11 Wet ring, perhaps, left to 
dry (5). 

12 Caught us. to face this sort 
of sentence (9). 

14 City really must expel its 
odd characters (3). 

15 Pennv by way of compensa- 
tion for school type (II). 

17 Way in which doctor 
teamed up with consultant 

19 Satisfied G-man (3). 

20 No loudspeaker for rumour- 
monger (9). 

22 Cobra writhing about in tree 

24 Hope dashed and trouble 
around, she went mad (7). 

26 Poet ran back inside farm 
building (7). 

27 Is it necessary for fourth of 
July to be so duU?(5). 

28 Cake, it appears, consumed 
by favoured crew (5.4). 


1 Power giving indication of 
potential (5). 

2 Fly article into airstrip (3.4). 

3 Property man involved in 
snap production (9). 

4 Jacket to wrap round fast 
runner, say (1 1). 

5 Order to attack from second 
in command, initially (3). 

6 Swindle small cake firm (5), 

7 Old bombs in terribly poor 
condition (7% 

8 Note is performed as shown 

13 Fear of coach making it 
difficult to go on (5,6). 

14 Space enough for joint op- 
eration? (5-4). 

16 Refined wit is missing from 
statistical muddle (5.4). 

18 Champions used to play 
chess (71 

19 Game to include jazz piece 
in medley (7). 

21 Quiet colleague is so 
friendly (S). 

23 Native servant to a right old 
Russian aristocrat (5). 

25 Head off insect, a venomous 
creature (3). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,076 

a 53 m'B □ o is 

uflnnGHHin mHsskiis 
n ra « ra p. h is 

ra nc E3 E 

|MEiSaiHi4RI30K MSiSiEm 
a ms n rc i3i is 
r=!S5ie;sfjite ttsoreiSHis 
in? n ns n ia ra n 

13 0 p p n n 31 


Lloyds House, Uoyd Street, 
Manchester; Mon to Fri 9 JO to 
5.30, Sat I to 4 (ends June 27). 

Berwick Church Murals, 
Towner Art Gallery, High St, 
Old Town. Eastbourne; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends July 

Last chance to see 

The New Spirit: Patrons, 
artists and the. University of 
Leeds in the 20th Century; 
University Gallery, Leeds; 10 to 

Easterhouse. A Scheme for 
the Future: works by commu- 
nity artists: Peoples Palace, 
Museum, Glasgow Green; 10 to 


Concert by the New Opera 
Orchestra. Castleward, 
Strangford. 7.45. 

Concert by Syd Lawrence and 
His Orchestra. Winter Gardens. 
Margate. 8. 

Concert of John Cook's com- 
positions by the Holy Trinity 
Church Choir and Stratford- 
upon-Avon Choral Society; 
Holy Trinity. Stratford-upon- 
Avon. 7.30. 

Piano recital by Rosalind 
Runcie. Ripon Cathedral, 7 JO. 

Harp recital by Vanessa 
McKeand. St Michael’s Church. 
Chenies. Bucks. 8. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Sinfoniena. Corn Exchange. 
Devizes. 7.30. 

Concert by the De Saram 
Clarinet Tno: St Andrew's 
Church. Naunton. Glos. 7 JO. 

Beverley Folk Festival: con- 
certs. ceilidhs, dance displays, 
childrens' shows and work- 
shops: today, tomorrow and 
Sun. for information contact 
(0482) 865584. 

Lichfield Festival of Tra- 
ditional Song and Dance. Lich- 
field Arts Centre, Bird Su today 
7.30 to 1 1. tomorrow 9 JO to 1 1. 
Sun 9 JO to 3 JO. 

Stour M uric festival of music 
in East Kent; today until June 
29. for information contact f 
(0233)21127. I 

Pollen count 

Tire pollen count for London 
and the South-east issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 122 (very 
high). Forecast for today. higher. 
For today's recording call Brit- 
ish Telecom's Weatherline: 01- 
246 8091. which is updated each 
day at 10.30 am. 

Food prices 

top Films 

Home - grown strawberries 
have nude their first appear- 
ance in the shops this week, 
priced 50--80p .for a half lb 
punneL Those who' like to pick 
their own fruit mil have to wait 
a little longer. The Farm Shop 
and Pick Your Association says 
it is the latest season on record. 
Farms in the South mil be open 
the Iasi weekend in June, and 
farms further north about the 
middle of July. There is a wide 
selection of imported fruit to 
help keep us cool while enjoying 
the glorious sunshine. Juicy 
lemons are 6p-8p each, oranges 
6p-28p. grapefruit I4p-28p. 

Salad ingredients are plentiful 
and there is a marvellous selec- 
tion of lettuce to choose from: 
Round at 25p-30p a head; 
superb home-grown icebergs, 
50p-90p; Crispa 40p-45p and 
Webbs and Cos 30p- 40p. 

Home - produced Iamb prices 
have dropped considerably in 
the past week, and there are , 
regional differences. For in- ; 
stance; the average price of 
whole leg in the South- east this , 
week is £2. 19 a lb, showing a fell 
of 8p a lb on fast week. 

French trains 

Holidaymakers in France will 
be able to avail themselves of an 
expansion of express services by 
French Railways. The Lille - 
Lyon service ofTGVs (Train 
Grande Vitesse) has been in- 
creased io two return services a 
day. and as from September 28 a 
new direct Rouen - Lyon ser- 
vice. avoiding the usual station 
change in Pans, will link the two 
cities in less than four hours. 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 1pm approximately. 


The fop box-office TOnwin Lon- 

1 n ■} A BocfoTWW a We» 

2(3-) Down and Out in Beverley 

3 (2 ) After Hours 
4(4) 9%. Weeks . . 

5(6) Outof Africa 
6(7) The Jewel of the Nile. 

9(8) Biggies 

10(10) The Clan of the Cave Bear 
The tap flkns hi the provinces: 

1 The Jewel of the Nie 

2 Fright Night 
'3.9% Weeks 

5 A^oom with a View 

Sw|M by Strain Mmttan* 

Top video rentals . 

1 () Mad Max - Beyond Thun- 

2(1 V Code of Silence 

3(2 Witness 

4(3 Pale Rider 

5(4 Best Defence 

616 Invasion USA 

7 (7 Nightmare on Elm Street 

8(15 Re-Animator 

9 (8 Letter to Brezhnev . 

10(10) Return to Oz 
Supplied by vw» awns 


High pressure: to N and low 
pressure to SW will produce 
an easterly airsiream over 
most of Britain. 

6am to midnight 

. London, SE, central S England, 
Channel Mauds: Variable amounts 
of cloud, perhaps an isolated 
thundery shower later, wind mod- 
erate easterly: max temp 22 to 24C 
(72. to 75F), cooler near coasts. 

East Arigfia, E E ngl a n d : Rather 
cloudy at first; sunny intervals 
developing; wind E moderate, occa- 
sionally fresh: max temp 18 to 20C 
(64 to 68F), but rather cool near 
coast . 

E, W MMands, N Wales, NW, 

„ ■ ■ hi Fnidranra 

n i inntHur 

Rather doudy, also sunny inter- 
vals, isolated showers developing; 
wind easterly mod e rate; max temp 
19 to 21C (66 to 7QF). 

$W England, S Wales: Rather 
doudy with outbreaks of thundery 
rain; wind E or SE moderate; max 
tamp 17 to t9C (63 to 66H. .. 

Lake District, Me of Man, SW 
Scotland, Glasgow, central Tfigh- 
lands, Argyll, N o rth er n I rel a nd: Dry 
with sunny periods; wind E or Sfc 
light; max temp 19 to 21C (6B to 

Births: George Hickes, Non- 
juror. titular bishop ofThetford, 
Kirby Wiske, Yorkshire. 1642; 
Jacques Offenbach, Cologne, 
1819; Medaro Rosso, sculptor, 
Turin, 1858. 

Deaths: William Barents, 
navigator, the Arctic. 1597; 
William IV. reigned 1830-37, 
London. 1837. 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Debate On 

Lords (11): Building Societies 
BilL second reading. 

Dundee: Sunny periods but rather 
doudy at (knes near coast; wind E 
moderate; max temp 17 to 19C (63. 
to 66F), but rather cool near coast 

Aberdeen, Moray Firth, NE, NW 
Scotland, Orkney. Shetland: Dry 
with sunny periods: wind light or 
moderate ETo NE; max temp 14 to 
16C(57 to 61F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and Sun- 
day: Thundery outbreaks spre&Bng 
further northwards: Scotland 6ka|y 
to remain dry. Becoming very warm 
and humid in S. 


High Tides 




Sundaes: ■ Sunsets: 
4.43 am 9.21 pm 

Around Britain 

SL46 am . &03 pm 
fill moon June 22 

Lighting-up time 

London 951 pm to 4.13 am 
Bristol 10.01 pm to <23 am 
Edoburgh 1(t33 pm to 356 

Times Portfolio God) rules are as 

1 Times portfolio Is free. Purchase 
of The Tunes Is not a condition oi 
taking part 

XI IT lor any reason The Times 
Prices Page Is not . puMBtwd tn ihe 
normal way Times Portiouo wto ne 
suspended lor trial day 



Concise Crossword. Page 10 

The pound 

day and the weekly 
ie_ announced cacti 

o The dady dividend wfll be 
announced each day and Ihe weekly 
dn Mend will be_ announced each 
Saturday in Trie Times. 

9 Times Portfolio ust and details or 
trie dadv or weekly dividend will also 
oe aialiawe (or Inspection at trie 
offices of The Times. 

6 If Ihe oierall price movement of 
more than one combination of shares 

How to play - Weekly DMdand 
Monday -Saturday record your dally 
Portfolio total 

Add these together to de te r min e 
your weekly portfolio total • 

You must have your card with you 
when you telephone 

18 64 sunny 

V'l ; ' i j^miJ 


Bodapst th 
B Aires* e 

IO In any dispute. The Editors 
decision is linal and ne correspon. 
dcnce win be cnural into 

foriaHun? io contact the claims office 
for any reason -within Ihe staled 

The above imtruruons are ap- 
plicable io both daily and weekly 
dntoend claims 

C F 
t 21 70 
s 27 81 
S 19 66 
f 15 59 
1 2* -75 

f 25 77 

i 3i aa 

1.21 70 
I 27 81 
f 17 63 
a 27 81 
a 27 «i 
r 21 70 
s 27 61 
1 18 66 
c 26 70 
a 27 51 
c 16 58 
s 37 81 
f 28 82 
t 29 64 
s 24-75 
i 10 50 
s 25 77 


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A * ^ 

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FT 30 Share 

1350.0 (+9.9) 

FT-SE 100 

1619.0 (+13;7) 
Bargains . 



plit 'inevitatt, 

j;.jevnc4 Hordipgs^fc engi- 
: neenng ' companyr- yesterday 
launched a £164 million in- 
creased bffer for control of 
' McKechnie : Brothers, the 
Midlands engineering group. 

Details, page 21 

Talks are taking place 
which may lead to an offer be- 
ing made by C E Heath, . 
the insurance company, for 
Dewey Warren, the 
Lloyd’s broker. 

‘Reject bid’ 

After receiving Metals 
Exploration's revised offer 
document the Hampton Gold 
Mining Areas' board and ad- 
visees have again urged share- 
holders to reject the offer. 
Hampton is to write, to share- 
holders about “important new 
developments" in its key Aus- 
tralian interests. 

Talks end 

Talks between Grosvenor 
Group and a private compa- 
ny, announced in May. have 
been terminated. 

BP sale 

BP is to sell its SO per cent 
interest in RockwooLihe Brit- 
ish mineral wool supplier, to 
Rockwool International of 
Denmark. Fin an rial details 
have not been disclosed. 

Asda deal 

Asda-MFI has. exchanged 
conditional contracts for the 
acquisition of Property Sellers 
which -runs seven property 
shops in Asda stores on . a 
concession basis. Asda intends 
to increase the number of 
Asda property shops. 

rise 19% to £1 .81bn 

USt ■ fUS Dollar 

.. 1.5035 (+010020) 

n - W German mark 

\ytfl 3.3581 (-0.0015) 

ff?Lv : : Trade-weighted 

> 75.6 (same) 

!;§t . Auditors in 
! new action 

r - Johnson Matthey pic .'has 

'■'h‘. T 5 ' started legal proceedings 

\a, J* ; . against ArthurYoung, former- 

- ^.1 ly auditors, to Johnson 

'On,,/* Matthey and to. .Johnson 

-•-'Pfniu? Majihey Bankers. Johnson 

Matlhey’s claim relates to the - 
• mj, trv loss it suffered when Johnson 

•• : .r. . If f Matthey Bankers was rescued 

s.-. by the Bank Of England in 
i*4. , . 

: u-i A writ has been prepared 

. '! p t. and will be served on Arthur 

r ^ Young shortly. Mr Neil 

Clarke, the chairman, said 
~ yesterday the case was very 
1 f nil complex arid relates to profes- 

ll/jny - sional competence over a 

number of years. . • 

■' Johnson Matthey has decid- 

ed to pursue the case in 
^ f' parallel with JMB, its former 

subsidiary , which has already 
. - J : served its writ, rather than to 

. " ■ join in the same action. 

. Yesterday Johnson Matthey 

announced' increased profits 
•. of £30.1 milion before tax for 

the year to March 31, up from 
£20.1 million. Turnover was 
down from £1.-52 billion to 
j-.-.- v £1 .36 billion and there was a- 

Jp final dividend, taking the 
. \! total for the year to 2.5p (nil). 

Tempas, page!9 

Dawson rise 

Dawson foiernatiopaTspre- 
'■ T tax profit rose 20 per cent to 

£42.1 million in the year to 
March 3 I. Sales were op 7 per 
cent to £285 million and the 
dividend was increased to 
. 6.2p (5.47p). .. ' : . ■ 

Tempos, page 19 

££ Offer raised 

By Teresa Poole 

: British Telecom yesterday 
announced a- 19 per cent 
. increase in" pretax - profits' to 
£1.81 billion and said the' 
growth in call volume had 
shown an encouraging revival 
towards the end of the year. - 

Sir George Jefferson, chair- 
man. said: “It is a strong 
performance during a time of 
change and one which demon- 
strates the strength of the 

In its first full year under 
private- ownership, turnover 
improved by 10 per cent to' 
billion. Growth in-vol- 
ume lor -both miand and 
international telephone calls 
Was about I per cent lower 
than the previous year at 7 per 
cent and 1 1 per cent respec- 
tively. Bui the slowdown seen 
. earlier hi theyear had reversed 
by the last quarter. Sr George 
said: “The drop one saw in the. 
middle of last year Iras signifi- 
cantly improved". 

De La Rue 
rights call 
for £64.9m 

By Onr City Staff 

De La Rue, the aquisitive 
security (Hinting and automat- 
ed systems supplier, yesterday 
announced a one-for-five 
rights issue which will raise 
£64.9 million net of expenses 
for the company and increase 
its capitali 2 ation by about 16 

- The new shares are being 
offered av 880p, which repre- 
sented a healthy discount of 
190p on • De La Rue’s 
opening share price yesterday 
morning before rumours of 
the rights issue leaked out. De 
La Rue shares fell 45 p on the 
day to dose at !,025p. 

Mr John White; finance 
director of De La Rue. which 
paid £27 million for the 
security printing side of Brad- 
bury Wilkinson in April, said 
.that the rights issue 
proceeds; would be used to 
refinance recent aqnisitions 
and to provide for future 
. aqnisitions - and organic 
.growth. - 

This -month De : La 
Rue announced a 6 per cent 
increase , in pretax profits to 
£49 million for the year to 
March 31. Immediately before 
yesterday's rights issue the 
company bad-net borrowings 
of approximately £46 million 
and gearing of around 32 per 
cent . 

About £55 million of the 
rights issue money will be 
taken up by the refinancing 
requirements. The total cost 
of the company’s recent 
aqussition activities amounts 
to £40 million, while rational- 
ization costs at Bradbury Wil- 
kinson, consisting mainly of 
redundancy payments,: add a 
further £5 million. 

Another . £10 million has 
been injected into three other 
businesses, which indude 
Hastech, the electronic print- 
ing company, purchased by 
De La Rue, in ApriL 
De La Rue, which snpphes 
bank notes to over 50 coun- 
tries, currently has “a number 
of other aquishions either in 
negotiation or reasonably in 
prospect,” in the security 

Sir George Jefferson: 

. “strong performance" 

The results, for the year to 
the end of March, were in line 
with expectations, and helped 
the shares gain 2p to 234p; 

Sir George added: “Growth 
in .the 1 volume of British 
Te&om's business has started 
the year welL Despite increas- 
ing competition, I am confi- 
dent that, on the basis of 

expected trends, we shall have 
another year of continuing 
progress." ' 

British Telecom’s invest- 
ment programme- was on tar- 
get ;with -capital spending for 
the year reaching almost £2 
billion. Of this. £422 million 
was spent on the installation 
of digital exchanges, up from 
£172 million the previous 
year. By the end of 1988, the 
whole trunk network wifi be 
fully digitalized and the local 
exchanges in all big dries will 
have been modernized. This 
year capital spending. is ex- 
pected to rise to £2.2 biHion. 

The corporation's battle to 
improve productivity resulted 
in the loss of 5,000 jobs and a 
similar number are expected 
logo this year. Total operating 
costs were up 9 per cent at 
£6-29 billion, including a 6per 
cent increase in staff costs. 

British Telecom feces in- 
creased competition this year 
as the rival Cable & Wireless 

Woolworth hits at 
Dixon strategy 

By Alison Eadie 

Woolworth Holdings yes- 
terday issued its last major 
blast against Dixons’ £1.8 
billion bid, which closes on 
July 2. 

The final defence document 
again insisted that 
Woohvorth’s “Focus” strategy 
was produdng returns which 
could unlock the real value of 
the chain. It also poured scorn 
on Dixons’ “Ramrod” plan 
for the Woolworth stores, 
which Sir Kenneth Durham, 
the chairman of Woolworth,' 
said would be better described 
as Ramshackle. . 

Sir Kenneth said that 
Woolworth’s- management 
team had produced order out 
of chaos and made obvious 
the potential -of the chain. 

The bid terms, which Wool- 
worth considers wholly inade- 
quate, were, however, not the 
real issue. Sir Kenneth said It 
was a question of which 
management team was best 
qualified to manage the assets. 

Woolworth said that the. 
first group of the new Focus 
gores, which opened last Oc- 

tober, had increased sales by 
an average of 27 per cent in 
the period to ApriL 

Mr Geoff Mulcahy, chief 
executive of Woolworth, said 
the shareholders had done 
better than most had expected 
when they invested in the 
institutional buyout Vh years 
ago. He was confident they 
would slay loyal to the board. 

He also said Dixons’ Ram- 
rod strategy was flawed, be- 
cause it implied that Dixons 
would have to capture 40 per 
cent of high street electrical 
sales which would entail cut- 
ting margins and losing profit- 
ability. - 

Dixons has consistently 
maintained that it is the better 
retailer and can make Wool- 
worth produce adequate 

It does not believe 
Woolworth’s strategy can 
work, because it says the 
increase in sales needed to 
produce the required profits 
implies unattainable increases 
in the market share of the 
Focus product areas. 

London International 
profits soar 28% 

By Richard lander 


n fields. 

' London Internationa! 
Group, the consumer prod- 
pels manufacturer whose bid 
for Wedgwood was referred to 
the Monopolies Commission, 
yesterday announced a 28 per 
cent rise 1 in pretax profits in 
the year to Man* 31. They 
were up from £18.8 million to 
£24. 1 million. 

The figures, slightly above 
market expectations, were 
helped by. the first foil-year 
contribution from the Royal 
Worcester Spode china group, 
where operating profits in- 
creased from £1.3 million to 
£3.6 million. 

Mr Alan Woltz. chairman of 
LL said that Royal Worcester 
has increased its market share 
in the US but it was being hit 
m London by the decline in 
American tourists. 

He emphasized that the 
group planned to stick with 
Royal Worcester even if the 

fnerger with Wedgwood did 
not materialize. Other acquisi- 
tion targets were being looked 
at while the Monopolies Com- 
mission examined the pro- 
posed deaL 

The sale of condoms in 
North America had benefited 
from the Aids scare. Although 
the market has been more or 
less unchanged for the past 15 
years industry sales had in- 
creased by about 4 per cent 
over the past 12 months, a 
trend LJ said was apparently 
connected with growing fears 
about sexually-transmitted 

Mr Woltz said U had 
increased its market share at 
the same time. Other divi- 
sions were also doing well. 

Group earnings per share i 
were up 27 per cent at 12_I3p. 
A final dividend of 3.1p is < 
being paid against 2.6p to i 
make an annual total of 4.6p. 

RFD bitter after Wardle bid wins 

The battle for the industrial 
holding company RFD Group 
ended dramatically yesterday 
with victory for Wardle Sto- 
reys, the plastic sheeting 

It won the day after B8A 
Group backed out at the last 
minute from entering the fray 
as a white knight, to the 
unconcealed anger of the RFD 
board. - ' 

Wardle’s merchant bank 





Dow Jones __ 186a25<-069) 

Nikkei DOW — T7277.59 (+10052) 



Commerzbank 20013 (-2&7> 


General : 5&4.83(+0.62t 

Paris: CACT.™ — 242i(-&4) 

SKA General — - 50470 {-56^) 
London ctosmg prices Feg*22 



Bank Base: 10% 

3-month interbank 95t-9 l3 i«% 
3-month eCgihle bate9K-8 i; 3z% 
buying rate 

Pnms Rate 850% 

Federal Fimds B'3«% 

3-mgnSi Treasury SBs 6.12-6-1 1% 
30-year bonds 9Pir97iS 

Hill Samuel said shareholders 
owning 75.2 percent of RFD’s 
share capital had accepted the 
offer, which is worth 202p a 
share with a 205p cash alterna- 
tive. The offer has been ex- 
tended indefinitely. 

RFD had been desperately 
seeking a saviour to top 
Wardle's £29 million bid. and 
said -on Tuesday that it was 
talking with a third party 
which would make an offer if 
enough irrevocable commit- 
ments from shareholders were 

Yesterday RFD named that 

party as BBA Group, the fast- 
growing conglomerate headed 
by Dr John White, but bitterly 
accused it of foiling to honour 
a commitment to make the 
offer after shareholders own- 
ing 36 per cent of the shares 
had undertaken to accept. 

BBA finance director Mr 
Ray Mitchell said his compa- 
ny had made “nothing more 
lhari a moral obligation" to 
proceed with the bid He said 
BBA looked at the RFD 
takeover yesterday and decid- 
ed the company's funds could 
be better spent elsewhere. 

service. Mercury, expands. 
“We are looking at a number 
of options for what we can and 
ought to do," Sir George said. 
The company is expected to 
unveil in the autumn a system 
ofdiscounts for big customers. 

Competition in the supply 
of equipment has already 
begun to take its loll. Income 
from the rental and sale of 
apparatus to customers fell by 
5 per cent. 

The breakdown of trading 
profits shows that inland busi- 
ness accounted for profits of 
£1.61 billion, while interna- 
tional brought in £488 mil- 
lion. Overall, telephone rail 
income was up 10 per cent at 
£4.54 billion and rental in- 
come increased by 9 per cent 
to £2.77 Aillton. Residential 
and business exchange lines 
increased by 3.2 per- cent and 
5.3 per cent respectively. 

The total dividend for the 
year is up 15 per cent to 7.5p. 

Tempos, page 19 

US seeks 
rate cuts 

From Bailey Morris 

Senior United States offi- 
cials. concerned by growing 
signs of anaemic world 
growth, are pressing for a new 
round of international interest 
rate cuts to stimulate the 
global economy. 

In interviews yesterday they 
said that the sharply lower US 
first quarter growth rate, cou- 
pled with the slowdown in the 
West German and Japanese 
economies, necessitated an- 
other co-ordinated interest 
rate cut 

The White House stepped 
into the debate yesterday, 
saying that President Reagan 
favoured lower interest rates. 
But Mr Larry S peakes. the 
chief spokesman, said his 
remarks should not be con- 
strued as a White House effort 
to put pressure on the Federal 
Reserve Board to lead a new 
round of rate cuts. 

West German and Japanese 
officials are still under strong 
pressure from the US to 
stimulate their domestic econ- . 
omies. Heir Karl Otto PohL 
president of the Bundesbank, 
said yesterday that West Ger- 
many already had the lowest 
rate in the industrialized 
world and that the rapid 
growth in its money supply 
ruled out a rate cut at this 

The latest administration 
effort, spurred by fears that the 
US economy will not achieve 
the projected annual growth of 
4 percent, appears to reflect a 
growing split between White 
House officials and Mr Paul 
Volcker, chairman of the US 
Federal Reserve Board. 

Mr Volcker has expressed 
the fear that the dollar will fell 
too rapidly, resulting in a 
dangerous exodus of foreign 
funds needed to finance the 
record US deficit, which has 
been expanding 

The failure of the US econo- 
my to respond to favourable 
developments is placing the 
central bank in a difficult 
position. Revised first quarter 
figures showed sharply lower 
growth ofi9 per cent, from an 
earlier forecast of 3.7 per cent 
largely because of continued 
erosion in the US trade 

In addition, figures reported 
over the past two weeks have 
revealed lower manufacturing 
production, growing unem- 
ployment and the first cut in 
US persona! income in more 
than a year. 

With the US so dependent 
on foreign capital, officials 
fear that the growing disparity 
between the US deficit and the 
big surpluses of West Germa- 
ny and Japan will force the 
Federal Reserve to raise inter- 
est rates to keep foreign mon- 
ey flowing into the American 
economy. Ultimately this 
could lead to another 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Allied ploughs ahead 
with $500m more 

Allied- Lyons’ boardroom . is full of 
intriguing uncertainties. The 
Monopolies Commission's deadline 
for a verdict on the Australian- 
organized bid for the group has been 
extended until September (after all the 
lime wasted in court) while in 
Canada- Allied is itself locked in legal 
proceedings to protect its contract to 
buy the drinks division of Hiram 
Walker and hence make itself in- 
digestibly bigger. Sir Derrick Holden- 
Brown, the Allied head, hopes for the 
best: meanwhile life has to go on. 

Yesterday, the food and drink 
conglomerate announced that it had 
established a $500 million multiple 
currency Euronote as an essential part 
of financing the £1.24 billion Hiram 
Walker purchase. This creates a 
temporary record of sorts, being the 
biggest involving a sterling paper 
option so far. 

The facility has been underwritten 
by 27 international banks. It will be 
<2frawn down in dollars, sterling or 
foreign currency advances and bid for 
by tender panels of banks and 
financial institutions, including the 

The rest of the Hiram Walker 
funding has not been decided upon, 
but will be a mixture of debt and 
equity, according to Allied-Lyons. 

The purchase of Hiram’s drinks 
division meanwhile remains at the 
mercy of the Canadian courts. Allied- 
Lyons says it was satisfied with the 
outcome of the proceedings in the 
Ontario Supreme Court on Wednes- 
day, which postponed until July 2 the 
hearing on Allied's demand that its 
purchase agreement be enforced. 

Olympia & York, which has taken 
over the whole of Hiram Walker since 
Allied made its deal, has given 
voluntary undertakings not to en- 
cumber the shares or asset base of the 
drinks business. But the new owner is 
still trying through another court 
action to prevent the sale going 

Back home. Sir Derrick may be 
drawing some comfort from the 
evidence of the Occupations Study 
Group report on employment trends 
which found that debt-backed take- 
overs such as that planned for Allied- 
Lyons tend to cut jobs unnecessarily 
in the quick struggle to recoup 
expensive money. 

Any comfort depends, however, on 
whether the Monopolies Commission 
is aware of the evidence and whether 
it or the Government consider it 
relevant to the issue — as they should. 
.The takeover was referred to the 
Commission precisely to review the 
consequences of its financial form. 

In praise of PSL3 

Even after extra time, the Bank of 
England has failed to resolve the 
stalemate over the May money supply 
figures. They were bad, and we still do 
not know exactly why, and pity the 
poor authors of the Quarterly Bulletin , 
due out in a week’s time. 

The absence of an easy explanation 
for the May figures which, in case- 
anyone needs reminding, showed 
sterling M3 up 3 per cent on the 
month. 19.5 per cent on 12 months, 
and 39.1 per cent annualized on the 
latest three months, cast a gloom over 
the money markets. Money market 
rates edged up yesterday, and the 
window of opportunity for a cut in 
base rates from the current 1 0 per cent 
level, is now firmly closed. 

The detail of the May numbers 
succeeds in demonstrating that they 
were exceptional. The other counter- 
parts behaved extraordinarily badly. 
External and foreign currency trans- 
actions were expansionary by £1.3 
billion in banking May, compared 
with average expansionary influence 
of a mere £20 million over the 
previous 12 months. Net non-deposit 
sterling liabilities fell by £455 million, 
expanding sterling M3 by the same 
amount compared with an average 
contractionary influence of £220 mil- 
lion over the previous 12 months. 

So. there was something decidedly 
odd about the numbers. As far as it 
goes, the favoured market explanation 
fits of a rundown in non-residents’ 
sterling deposits — which in fad fell by 
an unadjusted £929 million — finding 
their way into Eurosterling issues. 

More interesting, perhaps, than the 
entrails of sterling M3, is the perfor- 
mance of some of the other aggregates. 
In particular, the clumsily-named 
“PSL2, including term shares with 
building societies and bank deposits 
with an original maturity longer than 
two years,” merits closer attention. 
This aggregate, which Roger Bootle of 
Lloyds Merchant Bank has done us all 
the considerable service of christening 
PSL3, is performing, at least by the 
standards of the other broad money 
measures, rather well. 

Over the past 12 months, it has 
increased by 14.7 per cent, which 
happens to be within the 1 1 to 15 per 
cent official broad money range. Its 
annualized growth over the latest 
three months, 22.1 per cent, is just 
over half that of sterling M3. 

The game of picking the best- 
behaved aggregate and staying with it 
as long as it does not misbehave is the 
sort that gets you into trouble with the 
markets. In this case, though, PSL3 
has a little more than this to commend 
iL The Bank of England, for example, 
was arguing its merits in the Quarterly 
Bulletin last December, but the Chan- 
cellor decided to ignore the hints. 

The advantage of PSL3 is that it 
does not shift about in response to 
changes in market share between 
banks and building societies. There is_ 
an understandable reluctance in the 
Treasury to embark on a selling job. 
for yet another money supply measure 
— look at the experience with M0. But 
if broad money targets are worth 
having at all, they should be couched 
in terms of meaningful aggregates. 
Now, more than ever, it is doubtful 
whether sterling M3 fulfils that 

IBM chief predicts slow trade 

San Jose, California (NYT) 
— The International Business 
Machines Corporation ex- 
pects flat results for the rest of 
1986 unless the economy 
strengthens, the chairman ana 
chief executive, Mr John 
Akers, said. 

He told analysts at the 
company’s general products 
division at San Jose: “If 
business doesn't pick up in the 
United States I think IBM will 
have difficulty showing earn- 
ings growth." He said: “We 
are dealing with costs and 
expenses as aggressively as we 
know how to.” He pointed to 
cost cuts for items — such as 
meetings, travel and consult- 
ing services — and a 9 per cent 
reduction in selling, general 
and administrative expenses 
by the end of May. 

IBM would concentrate on 
building future revenues and 
earnings growth by 
suenglhing its product line 
and by reducing costs. 

IBM will have fewer US 
employees in December than 
it had in January, for the first 
time since 1975, and Mr Akers 
said that job cuts would come 
through attrition not layoffs. 

**We are a full employment 
company and will remain a 
full employment company." 

IBM began the year with 
about 405,000 workers, about 

242.000 of them in the US. 
However, it is adding between 

3.000 and 3,500 employees to 
its American marketing effort. 

Mr Akers said that the 
changes under way would 

prepare IBM "to respond id. 
improvement in North Amer- 
ican demand when it comes,, 
and they will leave us for 
leaner and more vigorous for', 
the years ahead." 

About the company's ability- 
to compete with the growing; 
numbers of IBM-compatible 
personal computers. Mr Akers, 
said that it would continue to 
differentiate its personal com- 
puter line through products - 
and service. 

IBM had 1985 earnings of 
SI l .6 billion, or $4.40 a share, 
essentially flat compared with 
1984 income. Mr Akers added 
that spending in 1986 on 
research, development and 
engineering would exceed that 
of 1985 by 7 per cent. 

Fine weather boosts shop 
sales, says CBI survey 

22&50 ) • . , R V 

NewYoric _ 

Comax *339. 7tW4H20 . 

The fine weather has toine 
to the rescue of Britain's 
shops, stores and supermar- 
kets, according to a survey by 
the Confederation of British 
IndratiyY distributive trades 
panel ... . 

It says that after a disap- 
pointing spring, sales have 
shown a dramatic improve- 
ment over the past - 10 days 
With the food and wine and 
do thing and footwear sectors 
doing particularly well 
The only area showing a 
slowdown m business is the 
motor trade, and that expects 
business to pick up from 
August I, the date of the new 
registration mark. 

The CRTs figures are in 
contrast ip recent official gov- 
ernment figures,- which 
showed -the sector faring a 

By David Youflg 

continuing slack period after 
good safes in March and 
April. However, the CBI says 
that this is because the De- 
partment of Trade and Indus- 
try issues sales figures 
adjusted for traditional sea- 
sonal factors and this year the 
Easter shopping spree did not 
materialize because of the bad 

Mr John Salisse, chairman 
of the panel, said: “After a 
disappointing spring, when 
sales w ere hit by poor weather, 
retailers enjoyed better busi- 
ness in May and expect sales 
to improve further in June. 

“This contrasts with die 
government figures which sug- 
gested retail sales grew mote 
slowly in May after record 
sales in March and good sales 
in April. 

“Members of the CBI panel 
believe that sales in March 
and April were depressed by 
the poor spring weather and 
that the official statistics for 
those months do not reflect the 
underlying trend. 

"Our survey shows that 
clothing shops are the most 
optimistic, with 84 per cent 
expecting sales to be higher hi 
June than a year ago. Shoe 
shops, too, expect sales to be 
better in June." 

The survey, in which 521 
companies took part, shows 
that wholesalers' ales in- 
creased more slowly in May 
than in April but faster 
growth is expected this 
month. Builders' merchants 
and food and drink wholesal- 
ers . were the. most positive 
about sales improving. 


Licensed Deposit Taker 

Advises that it has moved to new premises at 

30 Old Jewry 

London EC2R 8EY 

Telephone 01-726 0081 Telex 262082 
Dealer 01-726 0031 Dealers 918559 

Facsimile 01-600 9925 


ftnaNCE and industry 



../"O'- * 


^ The Dow Jones industrial 
New York (Kejrtfj) a vera«!whfch had touched a 

Street shares edged h^her m recovered to 

r early trading > e .^ er ^ ^ 1.870.59, up 1.65. by 10^5 
stronger bine chips im we 

market upward after a shaky transport indicator 

start, traders said. . slipped 2-13 to 779 JO. with 

■4-*- Confidence *ieSSities awrage 0.60 tower 

r_- when IBM mored ahead de- 188^7 and the 65 stocks 
.> -apitc comments by ■tsc | cur- lOT „ aI 714.87. 

man on Wednesday praUcMg 1 ThiNew York Stock Ex- 
t-VW change composite Wf* _«■ 



jH-flat results which mayha>e composite index was] 

deflated some expectnons. “jjjj 0JB3 at 140.60 while 
’ U-^ihey noted* standard & Poor's composite 

’.Uv'Jhey noted. Standard & Poor's composite 

*« il eP — I .lain Jufl 

028 - 0 . 18 prem 


20 -ifprem 



1 %-lWpram 







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3 f ort h! 

1 . 06 - 1.01 prem 







260-7 65dta 






Aroendna austrar ••» 

A us tral ia dolar 

Bgmam dnar — - 

Braz! cruzado * — — 

28%-2S% pro 

Greece dratfwn 

Kong Kong doSor — 

India rupee 

Iraq din ar 

Kuwait Umar KD 

Mataywa Hotter 

NOThaMdDiv - 

Saudi Arabia rtyai — 


U AEttetiam 

__ 1.3073-1.3038 




__ 7.7775-751 7S 
„ 11.782-11.773 


_ nia 1 







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Jun Jun 
18 17 

Jun Jui 
IB 17 

IT- ttttq 53 " 5v Firestone 24% 24* p^SsOgo 26% 26 

V *SA 34 33% FstOwagO pE&Mrs 6754 67% 

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' GW Johnson and Co report 

SUOAR (From C. CuiuAow) 

£2? ' 148.8-48^4 

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7 days 9%-8% 
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French Franc 
7 days 7%-7* 
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Swiss Franc 

7 days 2*-1% 
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7 days 4%-4% 

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Portiigal — 


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. 129.028J 
. 130.0-28-5 

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The prices and out trast 
quotations on this 
page refer to . . 

Wednesday's trading 

CMS 01. 


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Noe —— — — 

Jan Z - 127SW4«) 

^ . . — 120.7S-Z7.00 

ktodl — 132-00^00 

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1986 r,,- 

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Grso . 

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Fixed Rate Sterling Export Fman^ 

Scheme W Ararage 1 reieraicfl 1 rte ta 
interest perio d May 7 Vt l 986 to 
June a 1986 Inctoave: 10-176 per 


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6 mnth (Pm-S 7 * 12 mBl 9»ir9»i« 

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SS’SbJp 22% 22% ManHrww 50% 51 lfl1i 102% 

wJSSr its* 1195 jgj^cp 3 ^ j* KgK «* gj 

Sf IIS* ®'® ss as 

Cn Nat Gas 28% 29 M«W fa 100 

.■to* Power 11% 12% JVft 108% 


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SchS aw «S5 SfilSffp. KV4 64% AWto 2§ S., 

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Three Month Sterflng - Open 

SB : z SS 

Mar 87 “ 

jun 87 »76 

CnQ 07 mmr j m 90-B1 

Previous day's total open interest 16966 

Three Moom EurodoOer 

Sue 66 S3JB 

Jun 87 9155 

US Treasury Bond 

Jun 88 97-17 

Sep Sfrg 

Dec 86 9WB 

HU Low • Ctos® frt Vrt 

90 S 90.17 90-19 

9087 90.77 90.78 

91.01 9056 90» 235 

9094 ' 9090 90.87 48 

9078 9076 90.74 10 

9061 8061 9059 6 

S3 &ii S3 S 7 

92X6 . 3258. 10 

OartWtec WJ 

Do Cap w 

Demon Con 328 

Drayton Far East 174 
Orarioi Japan ABO 

OrnHsUn 1W 

Edn Anar Asnt in 

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FAC Paedc rtj 

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P rHw l55?“ l $5i lnW M 54a 

97-17 97-06 87-11 M 

97-17 96-10 96-ffl 7273 

96-12 96-05 95-30 A 

14jB 43 323 

i I « ft I aft- || || 

afS5” SS « S&E « Siv. KS^SS 31? 1 ? 

Short GBt 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Previous daVs • 0tt LSS^g, inMn 5o 1126 
102-00 101-57 101-63 19 

101-50 101-50 131 

Ssi H S BKSe i% S% g* 1* 

ffi -R gg^. ^ a* rtf as g 

Dec 86 — 
Mar 87.™ 
Jun 86 - — 
Sep 86 — 

Previous days total ogenteterert 19882 

122-02 120-27 120-28 10386 

121-11 121-07 . 1»-21 « 

120-17 120-17 12M5 J6B0K 

162.40 161.10 1K.10 42* 

16550 16360 16560 154 

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124 MV 
140 T09 
702 480 
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1S2 143 
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4.7 13 416 
SJ5b 1.B 900 

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10 UBB.1 
26 26 546 
21 1.1 7*6 

116 *2 325 
146 46306 
17 102 7.1 
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76 *6 327 
126b 36 4011 

36 26 525 

57 OB .. 

tl 3-3 386 
33 2-8 457 

13 22W.1 
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33 2-4 596 

231 184 
330 244 
2S0 215 

194 ire 

307 263 
670 5*0 
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59 45 
101 aa 
132 110 
233 ire 
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71 61 

128 102 
tS7 161 
_159 128 

169 1S7 
29* 215 
380 316 
440 390 
68 49 

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356 zre 
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43 31 

403 336 
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10. FvirtMcn Sl London EC3 
01023 6000 

narmad in* 12£3 1302 - . £36 

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DoAccum 1015 1086V +61 1 97 

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Do Accum 2l£8 2257 +18 902 

Gat Trod he 1150 1188V +02 95* 

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119.1 1268 -03 563 

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income Hud 794 B£4 +03 560 

Japan Growth 107.9 1157 +66 020 

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Technology 336 364 --*13 020 

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UK Trim 127 4 I35SV 

European Oowto *09 521 

Hong Kong 206 2£l 

13. Ouateos Sq- EdxVurgh 

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Do Accra 
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Do Accra 


at 737 +02 7-46 

54.7 re.lG -03 8» 

99.4 336v -a* are 

153.7 teas -I? ore 

^xSSi- w|’i^ 35 

us do q & 8-e-.-s%8 


norol London Haw*. GoWaCter .wi w. 

AMMMw^SrowW 9G4 683 +08 0.7# 

MErtoSn IMS W£4V . +18 £13 
578 6180 +04 are 

SJ *SSL 826 878V +a* *34 

££5L fS» IMS 111 7 - +08 136 

45. cnarena Sq. swurgn 
OBI-226 3271 

American Fund 232.7 347.S .. 2re 

Do Accra 2013 2784 . . ZM 

DoWMrirowd 1533 174 0 -Ol £32 

Aumrafean Fra) 1116 118 BV .. T.ia 

Do Accra 1135 1208V . . 1 13 

firman Fund 8968 685.7 +32 *38 

Do Accra 80*2 6562 +43 436 

erapirei Fund - 264.2 2814 *04 1JJ1 



+08 136 . 

a£wretam wTeumtonl HMlJtB 


■ uwr Me t Grown 673 713 -0.1 739 

Slum ■ So 193.7V +08 11* 

0*4* <5814* 

Do Accra 
Energy ton 
Do Acoxn 
Extra totem 
Do Accra 
Goman out hc 
Oo Aceum 

t ip a . 1951 +23 301 

324-0 3*74 +38 am 

*77 513 -02 £98 

528 582 -02 £98 

1978 1687V +16 5.01 
28*7 30*4 +£8 501 

01.8 858 •• ttlB 

81 8 658 am 

Da Accra 

J&oan a Pnbe 

Do Accra 
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Do Accum ' 
Euro Gn me 
- Oo Aeon" 
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I Oo Accra 

2610 2784 
1731 18*6 
2819 3008 
2524 2692 
26*6 2823 

31 S3 

Snra Fund 5B6S B3G.7 +32 *38 

Do Accra 80*3 6562 +43 436 

. erapaan Fund - 264.2 »14 *0* 1JM 

DOACCom 2702 2963 +04 1S1 

Japan Fund 29* 8 314.0 +0* 023 

Do Accra 2982 3159 +05 023 

SvrtS PPP 16*9 1743 - +M .. 

WP*fg ilif+TF 

9ixi Adanoe urn. Horanaro. Suaaax 
0*03 58293 

BUN Tn»S ACC 3994 *142 _ +28 £36 

N Am Trun Acc 598 63.4 -03 1 TO 

Far EH Tnat Ace 724 770 +03 071 

VWrtBMde Bond *7.6 50.9 70* 

1120 H9.4V -03 ire 
1342 1411V -06 J-*} 
107.6 1148# -04 161 

1293 1372# -06 lSl 
1122 119.T -08 £11 

1187 1268 +08 211 


Do me FSB 


jananad Sacs . . 
G*r 4 FI «W - 
Htgn MunUtt 

mwn hRBB .ii - : 

YWdUWS . vM15 .1710 
re Unas 913 1012 

4*8 470 +0.1 *B 

«50 iotb +o.i are 

813 relv +08.5.10. 
573 604 *04 £3B 

J8-1 *0-7 . 000 

936 NKLIV +02 £1* 
54.4 573- ' -0310-2 
184* 1972 +1S *85 


«J Bax 3. Keans Hse. Anootat. HMO.SP1Q IPG 
-028* 62188 Oed teg t OMI 6*32 
Amman too TWO 1277 -03 .1 07 

Do Accra 1243 1373 -03 1 07 

era hem* too ns 6 1209 +08 *30 

- Do Accra 1326 UT 1 403 4.90 

gener al Umt he 1ESJ0 161.7 ' +13 175 

- gn Accra 
twt .fc Rxad M 


-03 107 
+08 *30 
+03 4.90 
+T3 £75 


toww House. 8a. Nngawa*. London WC2S 

01-405 6331 

Conn S Equity *92 S£4 +02 7 60 

ham 5*5 681 +02 £03 

Grown 50+ ££7 401 £28 

• Ex dhrtdvnd. c Cum tftndom k Cum 
stock *p8L s Ex stock spat m Cum ad 
(any two or more cd abova}. ■ Ex sB (any 
nwo or nxn at shove i. Dealing or 
vakraBon days: (1) Monday. (2) Tuesday- 
Cnwednesoay. (4) Thursday. (5) Friday. 
(20) 25*i Of month, pi) 2nd Thursday ol 
manh. 1st aid 3rd Wednesday rt 
month. (23) 20th of month, po) 3rd 
Tuesday oi manB i . JSS% 1st and 3rd 
Thursday rt month. (26) 4tti Tuesday rt 
mongh.-(27) 1 st Wednesday of montfi. (28) 
Last Trtrtiiaay of month. (23) 3rt3 worfia ig 
day ol month. (30) 16th oftnorth. pi) 1st 
wortana day at morth. (32) 20th of monlh. 
(33) 1st day o< FeOnmty, Msy. August. 
November. (3*1 Lost working day «* 
month, ffil ism oi month. 06) wm of 
month. (37) 21 at ol mgntti. (38) 3rd 
Wednasoay ot month. (33) 2nd 
Wednesday ol month. (40) valued 
| monthly. (41) Last Thursday of Stodt 


txia* X 

<■*"* l+ixtj. 

2488 2646 -+11 £79 

+8.1 . 91.1 -02 Ml 

659 868 -03.BA1 

2143 2280V +18 431 

Exchange account (42) Last-day Of 
month. (43) 2nd and 4th Wednesday Of 
month. (441 Quartiriy. (4S) fih of month. 

! (4€) aid TUMdOy rt month. ' 


•Tr* „* V. 

i. "ii ' ‘ * 
"■% h: .t* 




As British -Tdttommtrhica- any Trading improvement, 
lions prepares for greater ■ Net debt fell by £108 
competition, -there - is much million arid borrowed metal 
for it tO:get to grip with — by a further £51 million, 
and modi oyer which it has making a iota) redaction of 
linJecontroL £1 59 .million over the year. , 

Yesterday's . confirmation - Of that foil. £25 million came 
that the growth in call voL- from disposals and the rest 
unie had picked up in the last from cuts in stocks and cash 
quarter. jo 7 percent, suggest- flow. The company is ahead 
ed that The weak third quarter of schedule, in making repay- 
may have been an aberration, merits under its financing 
Reasons for the improve- agreement 
ment, however, remain Trading profits fell from 
vague. The encouraging start £48:3 million to £46.0 mil- 
la this year is simiBariy to be lion, accounted for by move-: 
accepted cheerfully rather mems m exchange rates. The 
than explained. ’ result is disappointing m 

than explained. result is disappointing in 

On the other hand, action view ofthe 50 per cent nse in 
on improving efficiency and platinum prices to $435 an 
costs is very much in the ounce, 
company's hands.' A net do- It looks as if the trading 

crease of 5,000 m employees performance was hit by price 
kept the increase in staff costs . competition in America 
to 6 per cent. Total operating where Johnson Matthey has 
costs were up by 9 per. cent, 60 per cent of the market fin* 
however, but the company catalytic systems, used to 
can plead sharply higher de- control pollution from cars, 
predation costs in mitigat- Conditions have now 
ion. . , . improved. 

Not including these -and This year should see the 

ion. . ' , ' improved. 

Not including these -and This year should see the 
staff costs, the increase was 6 benefits of rationalization but 
per cent in the last quarter, by 1988 the company should 
respectably lower than the be growing strongly as Euro- 
growth in business. If those pean cats will then have to 

beguiling posters encourage incorporate the platinum cat- 
the nation's telephone users alysts. 
to step up their dialling, the With a a low tax charge for 
benefit to the bottom tine will several years to come, the' 
be immediate. . gain should flow through to 

But while the company did earnings. The shares at 2Q5p 
much to confirm that is it are likely to gam favour if the 
steadily putting its house in platiniura price keeps rising, 
order, two big uncertainties — ^ ~ 

remain — one commercial JDfrWSOD lilt 
and one political. — ' 

The arrival of Mercury on Knitwear by Pringle of Scot- 
the scene was hardly * sur- land. Braetnar. Ballantyne, 
prise, and the level of rival McGeorge: the brand names 
prices had been' accurately conjure up a vision of high- 
anticipated. Nevertheless, land crofters crooning songs 
Telecom's response — iney- in Gaelic as they knit 
itably in the form ■ of dis- The Americans love it and 
counts for big users — is yet to pick the shelves dean of woo! 
be unveiled and there is and cashmere garments in the 
considerable interest in how Scottish wool shops as fast as 
it will compete. Dawson International can 

The company has so for supply them, 
made it clear that it will not' . Although Dawson . has. a 
be stampeded into a {nice war .dominant market share in the 
but the philosophy has yet to world of exclusive Scottish 
be tested. And Telecom still knitwear, it is now a much 
has to convince some in the . smaller proportion ofitsbusi- 
City that any loss of volume ness since it diversified into 
will be made up by a growth spinning and weaving and the 
in traffic from new business ' manufacture of thermal un- 
areas. ■ . deTwear (in the US) and fur 

On trading grounds, die fabrics, 
underperformance in .' the -.This rs.why Dawson is not 
share price — about 2Q per. .unduly worried by the lack of 
cent over the past year; — summer visitors this year. It 
looks overdone. But there is is still too early to be sure, 
stilL of course, a* political and the fell in the dollar has 
joker in the pack. As the next taken purchaang power away 
general election nears, any from the Americans regard^ 
sign that a renationalrang less of whether they come to 
Labour Party is in the ascen- Britain. 

dam will-, undermine the 

Orders from retailers are 
down only 1 per cent coro- 

On forecast faH-year prof- pared with last year and this, 
its of £2.05 billion, the pro- combined with rising.produc- 
spective p/e ratio is 11 with tion capacity, has the advan- 
ce shares up 2p at 234p. tage of enabling Dawson to 
Perhaps an investor's best build up . stocks to despatch 

option is to buy . Telecom orders rcturn * 

shares but at the same time Nearly 60 per cent of its 
place a bet with a bookmaker sales are to overseas custom- 
on Labour winning the gener? ers. but the company re- 
al election, vealed - in its prefrmmajy 

_ , . results. yesterday that it does 

Johnson - not lack the traditional Scot- 

— : tish virtues of caution and 

Matthey thrift when it comes to 

* money. 

■Johnson Matthey, says its' Profit before taxjumped 20 
platinum operations would . per oem to £42.1 million for 
continue; even if exports the year to March 31. 
from South Africa ceased. It " The company is accumu- 
has access to sufficient stocks, foting cash at such a prodi- 
toron the business as normal gious rate that an interest 
for six to nine months and its charge of £500.000 in 1984/5 
secondary refining capacity at was transformed into interest 
West Deptford. New Jersey, income of £100,000 in 1985/6 
the largest in the world. and it finished the year with 
would be able to meet In- net liquid resources, of £25 
creased demand. And a short- ‘ironical. Plans to expand 
age of supplies would push capacity by 40 per cent over 
the price to new heights, the next five years will not 
benefiting its manufocturing therefore be held up for want 
businesses. of cash. , 

Yesterday. Eugene Ander- . In 1986/7. Dawson should 
son. the chief executive, re- make £44 million pretax, and 
ported on recovery to date, at a price of 258p. the shares 
Profits rose by £10 million to are on a prospective multiple 
£30. 1 million before tax but of just 13. Hardly a premium 
that reflected a sharp foil in rating for an undeniably pre- 
interest chargesrather.than mi mo company. ; 

Baker Perkins up £3m 

Baker Perkins, the manufac- 
turer of food processing equip- 
ment, increased profits from 
£13-1 million to £16J million 
hi the year to March 31. 
Turnover rose from £247 
million to £262 million. 

Mr Colin Joyce, a director: 
said yesterday that British 
profits were better than ex- 
pected at £16.9 milium, up 
£7.2 million, before : interest 
but after charging £2.7 million 
reorganization costs. 

In North America there was 

a £6.4 million swing to losses 
of '£1.3 million. The bakery 
products business in North 
Carolina lost $6 million (£4 
million) reflecting a sharp foil 
in orders. The company ex- 
pects it to return to pront.tiiis 
year after a cut . in the 
workforce from 300 at. the end 
of 1985 to 180 now. . 

The better-than-expected 
result at home prompted the 
company to increase the final 

dividend from 4.15p to 43 p 
taking the total to 7.5p(6l75pL 


Guinness Beverage Group: 
Mr Janies Espey is to become 
deputy managing director. 

Henley Centre for Forecast' 
ing: Mr Robert Tyrrell has 
been made managing director. 

Voter Group: Mr K S 
Hooper has been appointed 
finance director. He retains 
the post of company secretary. 

Lowndes Lambert Group; 
Mr B M Halbert and Mr R L 
Tween have been named as 

Lex Service: Mr Harry 
Djanogly has joined the board 
as a non-exeemive director. ; , 
TheCo-operatjve Bank: Mr 
Rodney Aspray has been 
made chairman- 
Imbach(UK) and Disaster ' 
Call: Mr CKve Peridns has ; 
been named as a director! 

Penios Home & Office 
.j Products Groupr Mr Ray 
Parkinson has. •, been made 

. • Singer- and FnedJander; Mr 
J Ros&JFuuue has been made 
assistant director. ' - . 

Bacon & Woodrow: Mr R 
M Benjamin, Mr S M Jones, 
Mr. D S Pannee, Mr D.J 
Parsons and Mr T H’M 
WaKefing are to become 
partners. . 

Scottish American Invest- 
ment Company: Mr Jack 
Shaw has been elected a 

NFC Forwarding: Mr Jan T 
Robertson has becoraema'nag- 

. Meibros- Auto Panels; Mr 
Peter Dawson has become 
managing director. ~ 

IPE set to 
new oil 

By Richard Lander 

The International Petro- 
leum Exchange, London's fu- 
tures market for the oil 
industry, plans to launch two 
new contracts on October 7 to 
extend its coverage over the 
whole spread of oil products. 

Tli# contracts wilt be in 
premium ‘ leaded gasoline, 
equivalent to four-star petrol, 
and heavy fuel oil of the type 
consumed by industrial and 
marine users. 

Together with the I PE’s 
existing gas oil futures traded, 
ibe new contracts mean that 
traders on the exchange win be 
able : to hedge or speculate 
against heavy, medium and 
light products refined from 
crude oiL 

Mr Peter Wildblood, I PE’s 
chief executive, said the ex- 
change was confident that the 
new contracts would attract 
strong interest from oil pro- 
ducers and consumers. 

The exchange hopes that 
daily volume will average 400 
to 500 lots in each contract 
within about six months of the 

Mr Wildblood said the IFF 
also looking at ways to revive 
the Brent crude contract, 
which virtually disappeared 
early this year when the 
sudden slump in oil prices 
shattered the “daisy .chain" 
system of trading crude car- 


Molins eyes $400m royalty cash 

Whispers in the market yester- 
day suggested that Molins, the 
tobacco and corrugated board 
machinery manufacturer, is 
considering taking legal action 
over royalties for one of its 
products tliat could amount to 

Addison Page Chetwynd 
Streets, die newly merged 

advertising and PR consultant, 

is about to hit the acqwsftiMi 
trafl. We should hear next 
week that it has paid about £5 
millio n for Taylor Nelson, the. 
market research group which 
recently considered going pub- 
lic. Last year, Taylor Nelson 
made pretax profits of 
£600,000. Addison Page 
Chetwynd Streets rose 3p to 

over 5400 million (£263 

Shares of Moliis, the sub- 
ject of an abortive manage- 
ment buyout eariier this year, 
held steady at 1 75p yesterday, 
but could go sharply better if 
the group decides to press its 
claim which goes back at least 
five years. 

Speculation has been 
mounting for sometime that 
the group was planning such a 
move although Dr Adolf 
FrankeL the newly appointed 
chairman, was unavailable for 
comment yesterday. The 
daims for royalties of at least 
2 per cent are believed to be 
connected with the group's 
flexible manufocturing system 
which is now used worldwide. 

There is also talk of a one-off 
licence fee payment which 
could amount to a further 

The move could be good 
news for Molins's biggest out- 
side shareholder. Mr Ron 
Brierly, the New Zealand en- 
trepreneur who now owns a 
20.1 per cent stake in Molins 
through his Hong Kong-based 
company, IEP Securities. 

Meanwhile, the rest of the 

S market continued to 
t from selective support 
helped by another spate of 
impressive company results 
and the latest industrial pro- 
duction figures. 

The FT 30-sbare index 
scored its fifth consecutive 
gain closing 9.9 up at 1,350.0. 
Dealers said that the market 
was able to take the rights 
issue from De La Rue in its 
stride although stock short- 
ages were still behind some of 
the improvement. The broad- 
er based FT-5E 100 index also 
rose 10.6 to 1.629.6. 

Accord Put) (125p) 
Alumasc fTSOp) 
Arfington <11 5p) 

Ashley <LJ <l3Sp) 

Barker (Charles) (TSOp) 
Bftck (147p) 

0r tetend (6Qp) 

Brodero (145p) 

Campbell Armstrong (110p) 
Clarice Hooper (13$)) 
Datepafc <i07p) 

Dean A B (50p) 

Densitroo (58p( 

Eadffl (39p) 

Evans Ha&shaw (120p) 


181 +1 
211 +6 
151 +1 





124 +11 

By Michael Clark 

Gilts recovered from an 
early markdown and by the 
close were sporting gains of 
around £% at the longer end of 
the market. 

Renters, the international 
news agency and financial 

Expect some good news 
shortly at Harold Ingram, the 
knitwear group, where Mr 
David Wickiss* the British 

Car Auction chairman, recent- 
ly bought a 2&86 per cent 
stake. Mr Wlckins has big 
plans for the group which 
could see ft more than double 
In size in the months ahead. 
Market men claim the shares, 
unchanged at 153p, are a chart 
bay at 170p. Next stop conld 
be 370p. 

services group, advanced 9p to 
465p despite learning that a 
large placing of shares had 
been pulled at the last minute. 
Merrill Lynch, the New York 
broker, was said to have been 
readv to find a home for 


Fields (MRS) (140p) 
Guthrie Gorp (150p) 


Jurys Hotel (115p) 
Lopex <14“ * 
Monotype (57p) 
Savage (iQOp) 
Soundtracks (40p) 
Task Force (95p) 
Tech For Bus (110p) 
Templeton (21 5p) 
Tenby Ends (112p) 
Usher (Frank) <1 
Westbury <145p) 
Worcester piDp) 

around 12 million *B' shares 
worth £55 million. 

In electricals. Plessey 
firmed another 2p to 238p 
following the meeting with 
Scrimgeour Vickers, the bro- 
ker. earlier this week. English 
China Cby also improved 4p 
to 334p after a mildly bullish 
seminar arranged by de Zoeie 
& Bevan the broker. 

In stores. Ward White ad- 
vanced 8p to 306p. Williams 
de Broe. the broker, is reck- 
oned to be a fan of the shares 
after meeting the company 
earlier this week. 

The hot weather and stock 
shortages are still turning out 
to be good news for brewery 
shares which were in sparkling 
form again first thing although 
profit-taking left them off the 
top at the close. 

Allied Lyons rose 4p to 
345p. after 348 p, Bass 6p to 
788p, Matthew Brown lDp to 
480p. HP Buhner 5p to 167p, 
Guinness 5p to 321p, Scottish 

Amari NIP 
Cater Alert F/P 
Cliffords Dairies N/P 

Crean (j) N/P 
Five Oaks N/P 
Friendly Hotels N/P 
Garrard N/P 
Lep F/P 
Matynx N/P 
Nat West N/P 
He* & Spencer N/P 
Prudential F/P 

(Issue price tn brackets). 








305 +15 
3 1 .' 
834 +20 

& Newcastle 3p to 211|k 
Whitbread *A' 2p to 293pasd 
Wolverhampton & DpHey 9p 
to 535p. 

The life insurance compa- 
nies continued to make the 
most from the increased buSH 

Analysts are excited about 

praspecto fw the inml opera- 
tor Owners Abmd, un- 
changed at 31*fcp, after 
the dedsnm to ffSenmi its. own 
airline, Air 2000. Both akcraS 
are due for delivery next 
spring — missing toe costly 
winter period and enjoying a 
fail summer season. Air 2M 
should make a first-time 
contribution of £2.5 million, 
carrying between 300,000 and 
400,000 passengers. 

ness expected to accrue from 
the switch by borrowers to 
endowment mortgages. These 
now make up the bulk of 
money lent by boDdisg 

Britannic firmed Spat 859p. 
Equity & Law 5p at 260p. 
L^gal & General 12p at 27Qq. ' 
London & Manchester Groop 
4p at 200p. Pearl Assmaqoe 
I Op at 408p. after 413p, 
Refuge Assurance !3pat4lop 
and Son Life 7p to 839p. 
Prudential Corporation, the 
biggest of the life insurers, also 
improved 20p to S34p as the 
market continued to reassure 
itself that the bulk of its recent 
rights issue would now be 
taken up. 


. A The year that ended In March 1986 was an eventful 
one for your company and has seen strong financial performance at 
a time of change in the markets in which we operate. 

Considerable progress has been made to ensure that 
we are equipped , not only to respond to the challenges of the 
liberalised and competitive market in the UK, but also to bring our 
expertise to bear in new markets worldwide. 

\Ne have invested substantial sums in develop- 
ing and modernising our networks and are actively 
pursuing new business opportunities. 


'Turnover up 10% to £8,387m. ^ 

1 Profit up 20% to £1,828m. 

(After adjustment to new capital structure) 

• Proposed final dividend of 45p making 7.5p for the yearT^Ss^ 

• Employees allocated shares worth £18m under new profit 
sharing scheme. 

• Capital expenditure of £1 ,973m wholly funded from within the 


• Over 90% of capital purchases from UK suppliers. 

' • ' • ' i' 

: .. V : i'-'t- ’■> ’* ■ <■-'&? 

•' >■ ' * 7 .;. . .< • ' 

, > '■ - . ' * - » V . ■ -X n 

— * ■-* i 

& > 


. . . *llna. 




iSr We continued the process of modernising the network 
to provide more efficient service to business and residential cus- 
tomers. As part of our £1,973 million investment in the year, we 
.increased the number of digital exchanges to 183 and the installed 
length of optical fibre to 124,000 kilometres. The programme to 
upgrade our 76,000 public payphones is now .well under way 


• JuL Progress in the many fields of our activities depends . 
heavily on. the skills, commitment and dedication of our staff. The 
first year of our employee profit sharing arrangement sees shares 
worth £18 million set aside for eligible employees in recognition of 
their important contribution to the company’s prosperity 


FOR • YEAR • ENDED • 31 • MARCH • 1986 


Operating profit 

Profit before employee profit 

Fourth quarter Full year 

1985/6 1984/5 1985/6 1984/5 

Sm £m £m £m 

2J227 2,033 8,387 7,653 

559 483 2,095 1,875 

495 410 1,828 1,480 

Profit before taxation 





Profit attributable to 
ordinary shareholders 





Earnings per ordinary share 


4.1 p 



Dividends per ortfiiaiy share net 



Afina! dividend of 4.5p net per share will be proposed at 
the AnnualGeneial'Meeting (AGM), to be paid on September 29 1986, 
which together with the interim dividend of 3p paid in February 1986, 
will make a total of 7.5p for the year. 

The AGM will take place on September 10 at. the 
National Exhibition Centre, Birmingham, West Midlands. Details of 
this and regional meetings will be shown in the Report and Accounts 
which will be investors in July 

V\te are keen to keep our 1.6 million investors up-to-date 
with the company's activities. Last year, over 4,500 attended our 
AGM and another 10,000 people came to regional meetings. 

"Inducans final dividend of A5p to be proposed at the AGM. 

The accounts from which thBaafigniiBB are ext rac ted hawa not yet been fled untfi the Ftegtefrar of 

Companies or reported on by the audtors. 

If you have any queries as an investor please call us on 
this UnkLine number, which enables you to telephone from anywhere 
in the UK for the price of a local oaSH: 

LinkLine 0345 010707. 



Investing for growth 


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Cash aid on 
u ; the Tyne 
| for small 
| firms 

. By Derek Harris 
The Tyne and Wear Enterprise Trust, 
better known as Entrast and based in 
Newcastle upon Tyne, has shepherded 
through a fresh investment under the 
jfieneering arrangement through which 
t£e Rank Xerox pension fund has for a 
year been offering to help small business- 
es with venture capital of op to £50.000. 

It is only the second involving Entrust, 
hot a further one is expected to be made 
soon for a Northumberland project 
connected with agricnitnre and there are 
two others, one in electronics, which are 
being considered for an offer. 

.“ Experimentally, Entrust in the north is 
assessing likely businesses to help while 
tfie same is being done in the sooth by the 
London Enterprise Agency (LEntA). So 
far tfaere has been one investment in the 
sbnth involving the Rank Xerox fond. 

“ The latest northern scheme has helped 
& putting together a financial package to 
support the new business of Bryan 
Monkhonse who, at Washington New 
Town in the north east, is developing and 
marketing vehicle axle weighing devices 
f<jr transport operators. He needed an 
initial £125,000 but had no prospect of 
conventional banking support, according 
to Entrust. 

' The Xerox fund's £50,000 has been 
teamed with cash partly from Business 
Expansion Scheme, investors and a loan 
from National Coal Board Enterprises. 
iThe Monkhonse venture will create II 
fdU-time jobs w hile also gearing np the 
workforce of a local manufacturer which 
will produce equipment for him. 

Entrust, which claims the new scheme 
is ^proving relatively economical, has so 
for had more than 60 inquiries from 
seekers of venture capital in Tyne and 
Wear, Northumberland and Durham. 
There are six at the initial assessment 

Mining sculpture: Robert Olley with a collection of cold-cast statues 

A seam of bronze 

By Ian A. Jack 


Back to school 
for good advice 

ifThe London Business School plans 
taihe autumn to launch its second Rrm * 
Start programme aimed at guiding 
those just setting up in small business in 
the 'London areaThe programme runs 
on a part-time basis over about 40 weeks, 
with participants spending a couple of 
days every three weeks at the school at 
the edge of Regent's Park. This allows 
them to continue runnfngtftelr businesses 
while taking the course. The 
programme is free, being funded by the 
Manpower Services Commission. 

guidance will be given oh issues such as 
accounting techniques, raising- 
finance, marketing and taxation. A" 

Mining has loomed large in Robert 
th is Olley's life. It gave him a job and then, 
rhile made him redundant. It also inspired. 
y the him i o' develop his talent as an artist and 

i. So sculptor.. Then the long' miners' strike 
> the stripptf him. of .the company he had 
1. . built to market that talenL 7 

Iped ■ But at 46 Mr Olley is fighting back 
ge to with a gallery overlooking the river Tyne 
ryan at South Shields and a production 
New facility for cold-cast bronze, helped 
and financially by the National Coal Board, 
ices it was while in the mines at Whitburn 
1 an Colliery that he developed his talent as a 
x of pen and ink artist and used shotfirer's 
ding clay to create sculpture. The pit's closure 
in 1 968 was a time for reappraisal and he 
teen chose an rather than an alternative Job in 
aess mining. But art was not self-sustaining 
loan then and he joined Plessey at South 
es. Shields for six years where he learned 
ell about production control, 
the . That was valuable because by 1979Mr - 
bich Olley had his own company at Washing- 
ton New Town, launched with a £3,000 
eme overdraft and employing 12 people, 
s so From his designs the factory produced 
ram cold-cast bronze statues of Geordie pit 
and characters. Mining machinery makers 
am. bought them to give to customers. The 
rent Coal Board and the National Union of 
Mineworkets also boosted his trade 

personal counsellor is assigned to 
participants for the duration of the 

The new programme starts on 
October 27 but there will be two - 
information evenings at the school on 
duly 15 and t6: Last year nearly 1,000 - 
responses demonstrated the extent of 
n ‘ ■ the demand in the London area for 

business advice. The school has 
< n places tor about 25 but believes the first 
programme proved a success, 

>ks, covering a wide range of enterprises from 
aerial surveying ana landscape design 
lt to film production and the specialist 
retailing of hand-made cheeses. Many 
ses of the businesses were run by young 



: Contact Lorraine Johns, Registrar, 
as London Business' SchboLSussex Place, 

; " Event's MK, Londoh;NW14SA;^01 j , 

* One of his -special commissions- was 
presented to-the Queen when she opened 
the new headquarters of Northumbria 
Police, a few miles o inside -Newcastle. 

■ "Then came the -protracted miners’ 
suite aiid business began 'to melt away. 
Two by two, Mr Olley was compelled to 
reduce :his staff uimL-finaliy.' they and 
the company were gone. “That was the 
Dunkirk of my life," he said. 

Again it was time for reappraisal and 
he decided that running a company had 
demanded too much of his attention and 
that, in future, he would seek to expand 
his creativity. 

His new gallery is at Wapping Street. 
South Shields, in the borough of South 
Tyneside, which is drumming up tourists 
by featuring itself as Catherine Cookson 
country, after the best-selling authoress 
who comes from there. 

His-son. Daryl 21,. runs the foundry 
turning out the cold-cast bronze statu 
eiles. for which demand is returning, 
while his wife, Vivienne, oversees the 
gallery leaving Mr Olley to concentrate 
on his drawing. 

Mr Olley is also being helped in part, 
by an £8,000 low-interest loan from NCB 
Enterprise on the basis that he is creating 
employment in an old mining area. 


For sales service, 
installation and maintenance 

Available now. 

. . Contact 
Mechanical & 
Building Services 

Of -854 7777 ? : 


Total Brewing Services, specialist in 
UK and Overseas microbreweries have 
packages to suit all requirements. 
Phone now G9Q5 613027. 


to market new telex and facsimile ma- 
chines by leading' manufacturer. 

Both products extremely competitively 

Stock supplied only to credit worthy peo- 
ple or companies. . » ■ 

- For fUrther information telephone • 
• • - • • - 0836. 504731 ..C . 


Supermarket In sought after location. Detached property 
with 1400 sq ft shop, store rooms and owners 3 bedroom 
flat T/o £380,000 GP 15.5% and steadily improving. 
Freehold £157,000. Ref GW3570 

Christie a Co., 

• Carmarthen office (0267) 231186 
eves/weekends (05584) 236. 

To Acquire Estabfiahed 
shorl/medium dwM nCO 
coach company, locotad 
in homo counties. 

Sale due to rate ament 
Modem fleet ol over 50 
vehicles with SS operator 
licences. Extensive free- 
hold premises. Annual 
T/O the last 4 years m 
excess of £1 .000.000 per 

anrajm. Apply; 
Knight. Frank & Ruley, 
20 Hanover Square. 
London W1R0AH 
Phone 01-629 8171. 



with El m tu rnover . 
operating throughout 
Home Counties - Price 
£200.000. Tef tar details: 

08033 5556 

Eteclrical/1 ighlinp business. 
Ert 22 years. Lancs/Yorks 
border, town centre. 

Living accom (3 bwtnns, — 
Keeps) and property 1st 

Good turnover and profit. 5 
day week, no staff required. 
Low overheads. 

Details 6282 812165. 

Summer School 

in corporate insolvency, 
arbitration, franchising 
and international. 

banking law 
July 7-25 1985 
For particular*, 
please write ttK 

. Mrs. N. Jones 
C wmre r tc af Law Studies 
Queen Mary College 
; 3W Mile End Road.. 

iXMdoa £1 4NS - - - 
•- Teb O 1-980 4811 . 
- ext, 3676'- - 


■ -informed A surrrrd ■TTi- Prop 
rrli Dr'ctopnwul pr,w,v\ 
Cambndqe '0223' 31*457 


umiM a W:ii 1 . 

marketing expertise 
and cash available 
for acquisition or 
investment in 
business with 
potential preferably 
with, maritime - 

overtones but others 
- - considered. 

Write Box Number' 
J74. The Times, 

1 Virginia Street. 
Wapping E.1. 

enclosing balance 
sheets and profit & 
loss accounts for last 
3 years. 


London 38 eoiers. L t . i, I 

opnml Uklnq Cl. Mo IPARTNCN for profiiabV dues! 

a nr-. verv inupma'iiriy tiouv p rOPrtly development 

filled OurminQ »mosih*rr v, jnrrd Trt. Ol *03 J5°J 

Cv pmrioii oflmng ml srop, 

'«l rnurwnl vMr 90 vt lodv __ , 

ai orane r< orn ron. MO-OCW. PEAHLS M THE OYSTER Irani 

Ur DTK 15 IT MW ol £43Ki Hawaii TH. Inlniwlloiwl pwi 

M C47.KO Trt. Ol -699 3079. Cta. lO&SSl. SS3100. 

MAKE 1986 

- YOU! 

Oii iou hjir I hr raparjij la 
ram C3II.HINI- pj.? If mi. 
tilniul Fabric 'jfr Coro— - 
pvii rnpair j awliijlrd 
Martin?: partner. Vim br n- 
paMr nf iMlniH air. force 
vd odminiMmnf: ■ iram of 
mobile aganluiv. roiffnif 

ibr folliivni! area*; Irj 
Country. Southern rnaniin. 
i hr UMIunh. Ealr. A all 
■Northern jiri>. Trf Mr 
Kinp BrUtoi 1 0"J T 2 1 
2 V 1 9*>8 


LifaTWira •aKUlnl Oiinn A 
Brtjll Buiiiwm will am- 
olr or rnnifnoilaiion lor sale dor 
M rrnrrmrtii ol pannm. Brpn 

SUVffCT FLORIDA. OuJlil i lorLS J 


rhav tT.WH *76.000 Cning .TJJIk *.25? 
SS 10.000 D a. minimum income jwJSL 

diMgim Irom 

juw oo muram? la'll cm 

dmd LPIMml nbMhhnl tArtOTmuii 
L"k LSA rrvllHmufil conipa Heathrow an 
British Ammcan « **** 

Small . fharmaccutkal 

COMPANY r wmri t addilimul 
wul In Mg liiunrr rtwn. 

wn UriHjrjramr Apprdt CiJL 

- Huuirt parliriBanon BCS ' 

!*■ Cnrni nou-mjar riilf lU'liil'. 

In nllrmlrd - Ininlm fiOV . 

Til ... 


l«n lor ulr JmMInu ZOO* 

nKrfitli'v SiludlM N V*. Ell ..... . i 

Viand FuniKT drlaK from , SCOTTISH FIRM «Hh ] 

CMKOQanu; Ol 404 501 1 


Hraihrow . Pronujar a 

“■Ml «“4 PrOOOMlS Ihvllrd fqr 
mrrorr nr unrintT BOX A46 

“Ml wnn) proliLdM^ ■ and' 
omuor aMKondrtBaiiico »w 
rnn lor housing would" libf lo 
dnruu nnHimon win nLillonai 
budding rtrctrwal firm olrmov 

nrahnti mm- toral aullwlUM. 
Br«| IQ BOX Odl 

-U you ham s irtwc b iahg for 
you. «*j sIKkJO oe ouunq lo us. 
Jtw an a&aaOy successful team 
Of agems anffnn ore'ol Bntan s 
faster exoaamg imhBifies. 
Pan, lull hme for suqso taanoal 

01-938 2738 «a hi fl POL 


Resident land developing 
private company wishes 
to dispose of controlling 
or total equity shares. 
The company holds valu- 
able land bank on island 
with attaching outline 
planning approval for 
quality homes. “ 

• .■ For further details 
. contact" BOX J71 . 


pay you £500 

when you give us the 
name and address of 
someone to buy one of 
our villas in Spain; Call 
now P.TJ.04S5 505696 
124 hre). 



concessionaire or 
' possibly a manager 
for the whole of 
Scotland. . 
Details from 



■ SFKVICr. . . ' , : - - v 



• 'FULL S i. C R E IA RIAL S t RV I C F S, iNC LU O ! NO 





. iOperi 'Day and- Nighc. • - 

A highly profitable totally new franchise 
based on the operating methods of the j 
YeHow Cab Company of Chicago ts now 
available bi selected areas of the U.K. 
Benefits include national company 
• image, national advertising, national 
. accounts.ahd unique computerised — 
.operating methods, training etc. 

• -'Complete start up -minimum 
; in vestment £56,000 of which at least 
75% finance is available. 

Clockhouse . 



We are- hot just an accommbcfaiiqn bureau; 
you will be able to conduct your' business’ . 
on the premises, in complete confidentiality 


Dr tetephone Basildim (0268) 415891 

in computer 
Career Development 


2300 pq | ft . 




021778 3260 


In today's modem age of advanced commuriica- 
Uons can your company afford to lose business by 
not having facsimile and telex? suhoueae industries 
supply, install, service and bain opera lore In telex & fac- 
simile machines, on outright purchase, lease, or ' 
cental nationwide. - r 

For farther InlBrtNIlinr W w w Bi IndnstriM Ltd, 

: 01-582 41SS 


successfully operating in the provinces and 
West London. We seek hard working part- 
ners to join us in our expansion throughout 
London- and the home counties. Investment 

Write D.J. Buckley, Banaman, 

120 Uxbridge Road, London W7 3SU 



Converted to fully 
equipped restaurant 
(other uses possible) 
138 ft x 16 ft 120 HP 
Baudouin engine. 
Well maintained. 
Suit riverbank or marina. 

Offer* Invited 
Tel (0590) 73883 


for top partyplan 
manager capable 
launching unique nat- 
ural body care rang e. 
Reply to BOX E73. 


<f in ml lo run brdnen otlirn lor 
wri-Mlul vnlrr company. 
64XK><*M«llm nMomnv conn 
nuiU of lOMiranco worK Long 
noun, urertamorou, buunm 
v*rib plmlV Ol howic UOWK 
amirtpennl uni to tnrom» 
ptvmr 01-979. B2W. Sunday 

W B> FtertS-Md PUPOSM. Ktif 
tasdemd out R enter looks Ub ■ 
figti 4owy snkuim hhmt care. 
E«m dose sawn dossn t revsaJ 
tbe mcnvhOM ana cancnM Mk- 
tnnes dul made one » raaxd. 
eonwr sa bors. 

Open a dose, wen kxtad wd »- 
anntad. ds raswuS® UnoKise 



Large quantity of 
excellent 2nd hand 
Maple Flooring for 

Tel: 0925 34619 


+ W2 ; 

Low premium 24hr ac- 
cess + parking. Fum 
carpeted offices ind 
phone/ telex/fax. Fr 

01-839 4808 - 

TUU -* FAX ^ eURCMI for 

Hdnly. Surm & Bwks ElfH 
find X rnmortllhn OrMurr 
0232 D22415 TU, 8SS893 . 
NESS n ffwouSh Monucti. 
Burkn Cj wring Hnotrjniv ca- 
Irtm Tol Ol«JS 3347. 
Bur ibiquhi ptwno. Mn 3nd for 
ccardmg wrMces. Oi 434 2G60 


available ibr market 1 ■ 
- research. inaB-outs, ' 
' press releases, persona! 
representatkjn etc. 
Rates negotiable. . . 

Please contact - 
01-740 4024 office 
- hours only. .. . 




— £498 — 

091 2616861 

- iO) 

043460 4075 or 
043472 373 (H) 

IF you want to. get to the 
top, send for details of our 
Distance Learning Courses 
in Computer Practice 
together with your career 
development programme 


licensed London Tad service (fitted vnth two my rain. WE .ARE M 
CONSTANT G0NTACTWIW OUR DRIVBiS). Ofer our iaottes (o Dunes 
usera. We carry passengets and pveets. safely imtspgcdty. Special fates 
on . sal loumeys tor buaness kcoubs. 

'AvdiMe 24ln nay <t*y ‘AT** dedadaie npem* . 

01-209 0211. 


' Eyecatching Goff Umbrellas 
2 printed and personalised with 

i ' toarCompany bame zxH logo.' 

y? Come nun ocsiuoc your - 1 

fTf mpnny Vnwtm g*! mH Jk (hero. 

i \ -• for all to. see. 

' . Ftutficr dcttQls:- - J- 

/-S, ■ — ITEMnDElftf 1 TIV 


Thinking of buying a business in Mallorca 
then contact us. we are a British company, 
based in Mallorca. We check every business 
thoroughly, you get only the facts, make sure 
this important move is not a disaster. Flights 
.and accommodation arranged.’ 'Telephone 
027587 4148: 

Do you redy want to have seamy, 
gaarad to a aucccssU senice to the ' 
catering trade that is growing evoiy ' 
week? Capi&! required for an 
exclusive area plus fufl training, and back-up service £4,000. Some 
busnesexpeiencB could ftefobul not essential as WBvrflMfy 
evaluate your potential before you start. 

Bing me personally on 0203 S21 35 fcr a preSminary no obijalior 
chat. Grates L^gns. Monday to Friday. 1 0-6 pm or write to 
eatehaTpLiA,s««^oteHouee t Peic»8tMtCo»reBlnrCVf38T. 


Ex mail order slocks of 
returned goods mctuding 
ctolhino. . furniture, 
hard- ware, household, 
toys etc Offered ai huge ' 

Tel: 0244 549444' 


. gun* r«3uiH«ni wrpi'Ji 'f«k\ 
Of MMlm pmtunfos 
K-. rtf. OMU deceKMV. plan 
Djvmmf on ■rnUr-.-ficn Call 
FaioouK BratvH LIS OiH 
344970 or 944M20 flf.t 

_ .. BUSINESS- •: ’ 

roT-saTe.-K^rit cbaStrExcellenrfrad- 
ing position. -Very"-Wgh-4nrnoveiu 
£65.CXX) or near offer. Reply to' 
BOX A71. 


required for home cleaning appliance in 
Southern counties.. Good commission. 
Demoistration unit applied. - . : " 

For details ling - -C C: ? . 

• 0225 -S58547' ' 


for the acquisition of private companies. Wftfl con- 
sider joint ventures with established companies 
currently under financed- Retirement sates and man- 
agement buy-outs espedaBy welcomed. Private 
share puchasecs arranged. 

Telephone 01-935 5795 or 485 6139. 


. with.wide distnbution con- 
-tacts 7 in * Singapore. , 
. Malaysia .and-Brunei look-, 
■ng tor new products to 
market. WanuJactureres ot 
hoisehred appbancas and 
building maintenance 
products who would Mce 
to venture and market 
your products in South 
Easr Asia, please send 
product catalogue and de- 
tails lo The Adverhser, 
Tampmas South P OBox 
163. SmgaporB 9152, Re- 
public ot Singapore. 


muon a«Mr«srs. IO.ijCO lc.r. 
.Bretip .OZ52 *>22415 -.Trt 



No 003890 «f 1986 

- ana 


hour* IS Hvrvoy Cn-n Umi a 
Prtiuon was on llw> ?7Ui \uv 
1986 ( n Hrr M,w»yv. 

Hiefi Court Of Justice rnr.llw ton 
firmalioa of Uk; [eduction ol Dv 
Slwr«- Premium Account ol tlw 
Ump iwRiMd. CoraiMuv .hv LIS 

And realm* h Funrvr Cncn 
UiM ilu> nnd Penn an a directed ia 
be Heard (More the HOnoordbic 
MrJcniKr Hoffmann at tlw Rwat 
Court, of Justice. Strand. London 
WC3 on Monday. nw 30th day ol 
Juno I9H6 

Anv Creditor .or Srwurhofcw of 
Ihf NBd Company dmnrw K. o® 
po-j- ttH- nuMnq of ao Order Tor' 
im- confirmation M Uio'saia tf- 
d union of ilw Premium 

Arrtuuu snodheapoarul Ifx- tittw 
of nrjtinq ut person 1 or tty Coup, 
lor mat purpose 

A cony of Ilw -oki Petition will 
lunumed lo ony such person 
reqnirtim | he same nv Uw 
undermentioned SolicHon on 
psvmeni or Ihe reoufaied cnaiue 
for the same 

Dated mta MO* day of June 

_ ^ AsnutM Morris emu 

679*08810- Home . T EM on SITerT 
London. EC2M 7 HD 
Sofirwnf^ for Ihf utd Cornmny 


. ' 7 OftOQ sq ft 
Surtabte occupation/- - - 
- Redet^tapmen!/- 
frafurbishment ' 
Excellent, main road . 
location near Miltwall FC 
Can - • 
Richard Lionel 
& Partners 
.81-487 4451 


for letting In Washington 
D.C. Appcoximatefy - 
1.300 square feet. Espe- 
oafly sudabfo for media 
business. Ftina j.S.Ht 
on 01^405 3662 (v-: 
’• .deteiis. ' 


■Creat -news lor me- cttsiomer 
-we imw oiref yn llw Pest ami. 
. « Europe A Ilw Middle EaM . All 

W9it Pranas or'aolt ftzzy 
rftmh'. 0 i C 40 S. Large atjanlities 
of American long grone rice 6 

Bmimij rvem'imp iMg, . oe 
Htftwl’ iii "huge, duiininies. To 
Afiasrui. more abouC our *mtu- 
■ om-Firn. ut\*-u» inn A we 
•will w«le sou the men. Trt. 
: <0TO6«-5A2» ft," ^ . 

•VtefTTSMIDC* Smpn offKe* 1 rurter ■ A .-._ 

-near Harrodt 100-600 so H. In I l*«hlLT«niTE 

lire husfneM ceauc, alTMCf ores. 

alraiedreX-sM Raj V buyers 
A smaD. Tel: QaL 657 3066 


• JOHN LI VS tv, PV . ' ‘ 


Sy Of Uie 6- Firs, JIS, 

Prefer eiB-i-, 


csssr* « * ms 

Mrs 0 E Dhhinsnn 
19 June 1986 - .^fvreljn. 



mSf * 1 




u&'o v-v .. 

Ti V“t~ ' *' 5 •*.' '*■- _ 

* rT- r - .. > " T * > CiHy 

. */. ..■ ' ;e -, 
a-V-r*--r. - 

S'£. . v - rr - 

^•-cs= i- - s . ., -~ 7 ” - tccc. 



- I ' *- -* u 1 ^*1- 

- -. ' ' Vr -'S6 

-T-T?: :** *■'- 

•-— ! 

t-‘ *’*'*• 

K.-rT- - — 

will buy 
for f 11.9m 

Freemans, the mail order 
group,' has- made a recom- 
mended £1 1.9 million bid for 
the. Warehouse Croup, . the 
fashion-boutique chaixu 

The takeover is aheady in 
the bag, as Freemans has 
received irrevocable -accep- 
tances for 61.4 per cent of 
Warehouse shvts. after. allow- 
ing for conversion of- the 
preference shares. 

: The terms . are four new 
Freemans shares ~ for “ one 
Warehouse share, valuing 
Warehouse shares at £15.52, 
with a rash alternative of£lS. 
Warehouse .shareholders will 
keep-the interim dividend of 
4.3?5p net 

Warehouse yesterday an- 
nounced results for the year 
ended March 31. Pretax prof- 
its recovered to £682.000 from 
£50,000 op turnover: 34 per 
cent higher at£9.4 million. 

Warehouse said . in - mid- 
May that it was in talks which 
could lead to a takeover offer. 

Freemans and Warehouse 
in February set up a joint 
venture to produce a .new 
catalogue, 3ymajl, which sells 
an exclusive range ofrfeshion 
clothes designed by Mir Jeff 
Banks, the Warehouse design- 
er. • — — - 

and Id 

By Cliff Feftham • - 
I Cl and the pharmaceutical 
group. Wellconte, have; con- 
firmed that they are carrying 
out- a big review of their | 
jointly owned Iossmaking ani- 
mal health business. 

But both denied reports that 
they might be considering 
breaking off their arrange- 
ment. A restructuring of the 
operation, which employs 
3.000 worldwide, seems the 
likely outcome of tbe inquiry. 

Cooper’s Animal Health, 
which was created out of a 
merger in October 1 984 of ihe 
health care divisions, of both 
companies, last year bad a 
turnover of £180 miUion. Bat 
the slan-up costs left tbe joint 
venture nursing a loss of more 
than £8 million. . 

“We are now- undertaking a 
review of the business in view 
of the continuing depression in 
world agriculture," said 
Wellcome. It had no plans to 
pull out of the business and 
saidit would be **surprisfc«r if 
1C1 was thhikmg along -those 
lines. .... 

An IO spokesman said : 
“We are not pulling out There 
have been difficulties in the 
agricultural .markets which 
have affected animal health. 
We want to takea close look at 
what adjustments have to be 

When Wellcome came to the 
slock market earlier this year 
the chairman, Mr Alfred 
Shepperd, conceded that die 
performance of Cooper's Ani- 
mal Health had been a disap- 
pointment to the- two 

Law Report June 20 1 986 House of Lords 

FvprpH’e 11 6dm hid For g er >’ is no defence in drugs sale 

■ J W l/l l*|| iL I If I I I . If 1U. PharmaceoticaJ Society of to be read into section 58C2Xa) would result in a stigma attach- «*ich section! 2 1 was e*f 

m m. ■ ■■ • iu.:, - i *a „ — < n rw,,.;n- mmn^nmnn mnvinninfii madt aotihcaWe. Partiamt 

• PLAXTONS (GB^ Half-year 

to March 30, 1986. - Interim 
dividend I J5p (I-5p>. Tnrnover 
£15.87 million (£14.77 mflfion). 
Pretax profit .£62,000 
(£402,000). Earnings per share 
0.5p(1.9p). . 

TATES: The company has ac- 
quired Northwjck Park, near 
Block! ey. Gloucestershire, fqr 
£800,000. During the next, two 

S i, 68 dwellings, with' leisure 
ides, win be buHt there by 
the Tern Group. 

Half-year- to April.'. 30, T986. 
Pretax revenue £1:2 million 
(£1.11 mAh on). Earnings per 
share 2.21p (2.04p). 

company plans to raise” about 
£23 million fay a rights issue and 
to seek a Stock Exchange listing. 
Terras: one new ordinary 25p 
share for every four held, at65p 
each. The issue, which is not 
being underwritten, is con- 
ditional on - a fisting being 
granted for tbe entire , share 
capital not later than July Anext. 
MENTS: Half-year to April 30, 
1986. Pretax profit - £6.000 
(£17,000). Earnings per share . 
O.OSp (0.2p). The board : pro- 
poses a one-for-two rights issue 
of 4.59 million ordinary shares 
at 38p each. It is not being 
underwritten: " 

NETTLEFOLDS: ’ Agreement 
has been reached in principle for 
GKN to sell its sted stockhokf- 
ing and processing. operations, to 
a group of private .-investor^. 
Talks are now underway on the. 
details. In 1985, these opera- 
tions had a turnover- of *197 

million. : 


By Lawrence Lever 

The bid for McKedmie 
Brothers, the Midlands engi- 
neering group, moved up a 
gear yesterday when Evered 
Holdings announced, an in- 
creased finaL offer which was 
swiftly rejected by the 
McKechnie board ‘as'T’sffll 
inadequate. ’ . ' s ; . 

The new share offer from 
Evered valued' McKechnie at 
£164! million - after Evered's 
shares fell back sharply. 

The offer, which now in- 
cludes a cash- alternative, is a 
£-7 . million increase. 
McKechnie. shareholders are 
being offered; a selection of 
cash, new ‘Eyered ordinary 
shares or Evered convertible 
preference shares. 

The cash offer, which is 
underwritten by Evered's ad- 
viser Robert Fleming, is 
260.3p against McKedmie 
shares' dosing market price of 
265p. . : 

-The McKechnie share' price 
rose Hip .to 275p on the 
announcement, before foiling 

’The share offer of 39. new 
ordinary Evered shares for 40 
McKechnie shares values the 
latter at 273p, 8p above the 
market price. However those 
accepting Evered's shares will 
hot receive the final 1985 
dividend of 2.25p. Evered's 
share . price fell 14p to 280p. 

A mixture of new Eyered 
shares and 6.5 per cent con- 
vertible, preference shares is 
also being offered. The prefer- 

Osman (left) and Raschid Abdullah: eonfidsjt of victory 

ence shares are valued by 
Hoare Govett, the company's 
broker, at 294p. 

Evered, run by the AbduDab 
brothers Raschid and Osman, 
is confident of victory. 

. Mr Raschid Abdullah, the 
chairman, said he thought the 
new offer- was a fair reflection 
of McKedinie’s worth. 

He has been seeing institu- 
tional. .shareholders in 
McKechnie over the last 
month: to establish Evered's 
credibility as good managers. 

He: said that underwriting 
and other costs related to the 
bid were incentive-related. 
The costs of the bid would be 
abou t_£4 mi!ljon if successful, 
while failure would involve 
costs "considerably less than 
£1 million”. 

Dr James Butler, chairman 
of McKechnie, dismissed tbe 
new offer and questioned the 
value of Evered's shares. He 
said the fall in Evered’s share 
price indicated- that the mar- 
ket was also sceptical. 

. He pointed out that the cas h 
alternative represented “only 
a L2J5 exit pric&eamings ratio 
on our forecast earnings for 
this year”. 

McKechnie, whose year- 
end is in July, forecast pretax 
profits of £12 3 million for the 
current year. 

Dr Butler also stressed that 
the yield on the convertible 
preference shares was an at- 
tempt to match McKecbnie’s 
dividend, but would remain 
fixed while McKechnie’s divi- 
dend would hopefully be 
increased. 1 

to take strong line on fraud 

By Teresa Poole- - 
The :[ Qovennnent’sExpoct 
Credit Guarantee Department 
was criticized by an all-party 
committee of MFs yesterday 
for not having directed enough 
attention to the possiMfities of 
fraod. -. 

The Public Accounts Com- 
mittee, the Commons watch- 
dog on public spending, said it 
was surprised thafmore effort 
had net been pot into combat- 
ing fraud in. the; past It 
welcomed the new fraud unit 

within the ECGD- 

. K noted that the department 
was cautions in commenting 
on .past and potential claims 
still being examined by. the 

•*We trust that in the event 
the impact of fraud on its 
business wiU prove to- he as 

-fimited as it suggests,” the 
committee said. 

There was particular con- 
cern about die scope for 
collusive freed which would 
involve collaboration between 
the numerous parties involved 
in export transactions. 

The department, which 
guarantees payment for Brit- 
ish exporters, daimed to have 
paid oat less than £10 million 
on fraudulent business but 
admitted that a number of 
cases bed not yet reached the 
claims stage. 

The committee also viewed 
' with “Considerable concern" 
the expected increase in the 
EGGD's debts to finance total 
claims payments. - 
, These borrowings are likely 
to. rise to £3 billion by 1990 
compared : with £1 bftfion at 

BIS Beecom project for N Ireland 

. By. Robot Rodwell 

An international software 
development house is lo be 
launched in Northern Ireland. 

. The company, which by its 
fourth year expects to employ 
up to 1 00 .people — including 
85 ^graduates to be recruited in 
the province — is to be set up 
by. foe BIS computer consul- 
tancy group of . London and 
the BIS. Beecom group of 
Belfast . ; 

.BIS Beecom (International), 
will become operational in 

October and is the first tenant 
to be announced for. the 
Northern Ireland ' Industrial 
Development Board's high- 
technology park at 
Templepatrick. Antrim. Ini- 
tial investment by tbe partners 
and the IDB'wOl exceed £5 

BIS is a leader in tbe field of 
bankmg software and the new 
venture is being launched with 
the Gty’s big bang and an 
expansion of tbe financial 
software market in mind. The 


Mam & Cerapmy. 
bcci — ; 

- 10 . 00 * 









-10J30% : 





• LOOKERS: Interim .divi- 
dend 2p (1.6). Fiffures in £000 
for! six months to March 31. 
Turnover 80.778 (78,046), pre- 
tax profit 1^253 (1,007), tax 407 
(383). Earnings per share 10:4p 
(7.6V Company says ,that- the 
reduction in interest rales- will 
benefit -itiasecG^id half Sgnifi- 
cant progress has' been made, 
with ! increases in- both .profits 
and earnings per share, Dtreo 
uws ;viov' the future with 

confidence. .... 

Final- dividend 4p (3i5h making 
5p (4^J Results- foryear ended 
March 31. Turnover £8^37,1 35 
(£6,530.477), op era ti n g profit 
£5^48,457- (£4474,675), in- 
terest charges £ 107,941 
(£96; 163), pretax ' profit 
£5,440516 - (£4J78^12X tax 
£2,173,441 (£1,975,900). Earo- 
ings per sharfr65 Jp (48 l.'1). ••- 

The chairman," Mr NiaU Crow- 

. ley. in his annual statement, 
says that be 'feels encouraged 
and confident about prospects 
for the fut ure 

Tbe company and Teredo Oils 

are holding talks widi a view to 

agreeing terms for Marines to 
acquire Teredo. . 


GSQDP: . Interim .dividend 
J:75p (3) ■ per non-voting A 
shares. B diares and C Shares. 
Figures in £000 for six months 
ended f April ■ 30. Turnover 
35,133 (30.059X pretax ; profit 
4^206 (944), estmmted tax 1388 

(5j 6). Earnings per riiare 19-21p 
3 .AS ). Advmxsrag revenue has 
recovered from the depressed 
levels of the previous- year, and 

this, ; with vigjtor control of 
expenditure, and! foe .: near 
elirainatiou-ofi associated com- 
pany losses, has resulted in 
. twot half-year profiis. . . 

!. •: LONDON, and MANCHES- 
TER GROUP: ■ The company 
has . . acquired the Lqndpn 
com fo ere i al . property ' agency 
! Leslie Li molt Sc A^otptes and 
its subsidiaries. : ; 

• (SHljLOH: ' Mr Edmund 
Gartstde, the chairman, said at 
the apnual raeetingthai the new 
year .had atarted~*t a r level -of 
profitabiliiy similar to ibaz of 

two - spinning mills were - now 
making a reasonable return oh 
eapital.' - . - 

CHISON: A final dividend of 
70- cents, has beep declared, 
maid nglOO cents for the year to 
June; a)-; (130 cents for 18 
months to June 30 last. year), 
payableaboui August 8. 

• ARTHUR LEE: The com- 
pany -is paying an interim 
dividend of 0.8p (0.6p) for the 
six months to March 31. Turn- 
over (figures in £000) slipped to 
37,111 (38831) and operating 
profit-to 1,795 (1,952). Eartungs 
per share were 4.Q2p (3.54p). . 

dividend of 4Jp malting 7.5p 
<6.75p) is being paid. Sales for 
tbe year to March 31 (figures in 
£000) rose to 261.850 (247,266k 
pretax profit to 16327 ■•{l 3.049) 
and earnings per share to 323p 

nal dividend of 1.8p malting 
2.5p (23p)has been declared for 
the year to March 29. With 
figures in £000. turnover was up 
to 419,77s (102, M4) and gross 
wofit to 47,883 (44.802). 1 Earn- 
mgs per diare were 934p 

' • iS&ERWOODS: The chair- 
man told the annual meeting 
that in the first 20 weeks of the 
financial year the company had 
opened 6,800 sq ft of sales space 
in' two-stores at Bromley. Kent, 
and Stevenage, Hertfordshire. 
Bromley is trading well and 
Stevenage extremely welL Simi- 
lar openings are planned at four 
more (daces this year. ' • 

COl.l.TKRIES: An interimdrvi- 
"dend of 40 cents (same), payable 
on ' .April 24,. has -been - an- 
nounced. With figures in Rand 
000 (£232h income before rax 
for foe half year : to March 31 
(comparisons restated) slipped 

' to .5,733 ,(7301) 'and earnings 
per share to 160.9{ 170.8) ccn ts. 

sults for the six months to May- 
31 include an interim dividend, 
of 0'82p (0.7875p). \Wth figures 
m £ 000 : investment income was 
1388 ( 1382 ) and other income 
120(287). Expenses totalled 191 

( 156) and. net earnings per share 
were 1.16p(L1 7p). 

The fond is to change hs name 
to. GT Berry Janas' Fund. The 
. change is a reflection of the 
fond’s ' foie concentration in 
recent’ years on Japan. If is also 
seeking a listing in Amsterdam. 


Durakooi. has exchanged letters 
of in rent relating to the ac- 
quisition of 100 percent capital 
of . Elkhart. Indian-based 
Efectrbmatioti and its associate. 
Alliance .Plastics, for a total 
consideration of 5835 million. 
POLLITT: New brings of £35 

miUion. and ^ board restnictur- 

PfaarnucenticaJ Society of 
Great Britain v Stork wain Ltd 
Before Lord Bridge of Harwich, 
Lord Brandon of Oak brook. 
Lord Templeman. Lord Ackner 
and Lord Goff of Chieveley 
[Speeches sold June 19] 

Section 58{2Xa) of the Medi- 
cines Act 1 968, which restricted 
the sale or supply of specified 
medicinal products except in 
accordance with a .prescription 
issued by an appropriate prac- 
titioner. created an offence of 
strict liability. 

- Accordingly pharmacists who 
supplied drugs after being given 
prescriptions they believed to be 
valid but which were in fret 
forged were liable under tbe 
section without the prosecution 
having to prove mens tea (guilty 

The House of Lords so held in 
dismissing an appeal by 
Storkwain Ltd from foe decision 
of foe Queen's Bench Divisional 
Court (Mr Justice Farquarson 
and Mr Justice Tudor Price) 
{The Times May 9. 1985; [1985] 
3 All ER 4) allowing foe appeal 
of the Pharmaceutical Society of 
Great Britain by way of case 
stated in respect of the 
magistrate's dismissal of 
informations preferring charges 
under foe section on the ground 
that tbe defendants had acted 
without fault 

Mr Jonathan Fisher and Mr 
Harry Hodgkin for the defen- 
dants; Mr Robert Webb and Mr 
Michael Crane for the pros- 

LORD GOFF said that by 
section 67(2) of the 1 968 An any 
person who contravened section 
58 was guilty of an offence. 

Tbe question was whether, in 
accordance with the well rec- 
ognized presumption, there was 

to be read into section 58(2Ka) 
words appropriate to require 
mens rceu on the principle stated 
in R i Totson ((1889) 23 QBD 
1 68) and Surer v Parslev[[ 1970] 
AC 132). 

Informations had been pre- 
ferred that the defendants had 
sold Pbyseptone. Ritalin and 
Vatium tablets to two persons, 
the sale not being in accordance 
with a prescription- issued by an 
appropriate practitioner. 

Before the magistrate the 
defendants had submined that 
the presumption of mens rea 
applied lo section 58(2Xa) and 
that, the medicines having being 
supplied on ihe basis oT 
prescriptions which they be- 
lieved in good faith and on 
reasonable grounds to be valid, 

the informations should be dis- 

The magistrate accepted that 

submission but the Divisional 

Court allowed foe prosecutor's 
appeal and directed that foe case 
be remitted to foe magistrate 
with a direction to convict. 

Before the House of Lords, 
the defendants had submitted 
that that, to adopt foe words of 
Lord Diplock in Sweet v Parsley, 
the subsection must, be read 
subject to the implication that a 
necessary element ro the pro- 
hibition was the absence of 
belief, held honestly and upon 
reasonable grounds, in tbe exis- 
tence of facts which, if true, 
would make foe act innocent. 

Further, they submitted with 
reference to foe speech of Lord 
Reid, that the offence created by 
sections 58(2) and 67(2) was not 
to be classified as merely an 
offence of a quasi-criminal 
character in which foe presump- 
tion of mens rea might more 
readily be rebutted. 

The offence was one which 

would result in a stigma attach- «*'Ch section 121 was expressly 
ins to a person convicted of it ma ^ c applicable. Parliament in- 
especially as Parliament had tended that there should be no 
considered it sufficiently serious implication of a_ requirement of 
to be triable on indictment' with ww T ? a in section 58(2Xa). 
a maximum of two years' That view -was fortified by 
imprisonment. subsections (4) andl 5) of se«ion 

h was submitted that if 58 itself From subsection <4)(a) 
parliament had considered that alone it followed that ministere, 
a pharmacist who dispensed fo?y foought it nghL could 
under a forged prescription in provide by order for exemption 
good faith and without fault where there was no mens rea ot 
should be convicted, ft would foe part of foe accused. By 
have made express provision to subsection (5) they .could make 
that effect strict liablity could exemption subject to con r 
nnt Vv» inoifirti rtn ihe basis that dltions or limitations. 

that effect strict liablity could 
not be justified on foe basis that 
it would lead to greater ef- 
ficiency on the part of pharma- 
cists in detecting forged 

Finally, it had been submitted 
that ii would be anomalous for 
the defence not to exist when it 
was available for the more 
serious offence under section 4 
of foe Misuse of Drugs Act 1 97 1 
of supplying a controlled drug to 

His Lordship was unable to 
accept those submissions for the 
simple reason that it was dear 
from the T968 An that Par- 
liament must have intended 
that the presumption of mens 
rea should be inapplicable to 
section 58tfKa). ' 

Where Parliament had wished 
to recognize that mens rea 
should be an ingredient of an 
offence created by the 1968 Act 
it had expressly so provided. In 
particular, section 121 made 
derailed provision for foe 
requirement of mens rea in 
respect of certain specified sec- 
tions of the Act, including 
sections 63 to 65 but signifi- 
cantly not section 58. 

It was very difficult to avoid 
-the conclusion that, by omitting 
section 58 from those sections to 

It came as no surprise to bis 
Lordship to discover that t bfc 
Medicines (Prescriptions Only) 
Order (SI 1980 No 1921) was 
drawn almost entirely in confcur 
miiy with the construction of 
the statute which he favoured^, 

It was unnecessary to consider 
whether the relevant articles of 
the order could be taken imp 
account in construing section 
58: it was enough for presept 
purposes that he was able la 
draw support from the fact tila) 
the ministers, in making foe 
order plainly did not read 
section 58 as subject to fop 
implication proposed by the 

So. for example, article if. 
which, by including foe words 
“having exercised due 
diligence , provided a narrower, 
exemption that that which tire 
defendants had submitted* 
should be read by implication- 
into the statute, in the limited 
circumstances specified in the 
article, was plainly inconsistent 
with the existence of any sueji. 

Lord Bridge, Lord Brandon^ 
Lord Templeman and Lora 
Ackner agreed. 

Solicitors: Williams & James*. 
WaJ ker Manineau. '* ; 

Limit to extent of 
forfeiture order 

Attempting to procure 
is an offence 

present. Tbe expected increase 
is blamed on tbe foreipi 
exchange difficulties of certain 
oil- producing countries with 
which the ECGD has heavy 
iHQTninrp co nuntt merts. 

Tbe department also comes 
trader criticism for its previous 
“complacency” about opera- 
tions «nd working methods 
and its faflnre to stocktake for 
more than 20 years. 

The committee wanted the 
recommendations made in the 
Chapman report on the 
department’s efficiency to be 

“The ECGD races consider- 
able problems in the years 
ahead and it is therefore 
imperative that its b us i ne ss 
practices, and its support ser- 
vice, are hrongbt up to tbe best 
professional standards of the 
private sector 

project capitalizes on North- 
ern Ireland’s relative wealth of 
computer graduates - its two 
. universities have been turning 
out an average of more than 
200 computer professionals 
annually in recent years. 

Mr Piuil McWilliams, the 
BIS. Beecom founder and 
chairman, said about 80 per 
cent of sales would be in the 
export and mainland Britain 
markets and virtually ail staff 
would be recruited within 
Northern Ireland. 

rag were announced at tbe 
annual meeting. The chairman 
said new developments would 
pave foe way for the next stage 
of record growth. Tbe stream- 
1 fhed board is reduced from 1 1 
to 6. 

Figures in S000 for year to April 

30. Net revenue 184,296 
(184,100). income from opera- 
tions 20,312 (36,970), invest- 
ment and other income 6,152 
(8.031), income before taxes 
26,464 (45,001), tax 11,115 
(20313). net income 15,349 
(24,688). Earnings per share 50c 
(81c adjusted). The company is 
optimistic that investment and 
continuing cost containment 
will provide foe opportunity for 
a return to normal revenue and 
profit growth in thesecond half 
of tbe 1 987 financial year and in 
later years. 

The group has expanded its 
capacity in the foreign exchange 
and currency deposit markets, it 
has acquired a 5! per cent 
interest in International Money 
Brokers, of New York, for about 
S I million, foe balance of 49 per 
cent being held by the manage- 
ment It has ateo acquired 90 per ; 
cent of the Singapore foreign 
exchange and. currency deposit 
broker. Tan Swee Hee-Butier, 
for S$ 1.25. million plus a profit- 
related payment The remaining , 
10 -per cent is held by. tbe 
managing director. 

Protracted negotiations with the 
government of Zimbabwe have 
been concluded after last year's 
conditional -agreement for- 
Aberfoyle. Globe Investment 
Trust and Electra Investment 
Trust to merge their investment 
interests in Zimbabwe. Subject 
to the consent of Aberfoyle 
shareholders in general meeting. 
GMHL Investments, the 70 .per ■ 
cent Zambian-owned subsidiary 
of Aberfoyle, win acquire Elec- 
tra Investments (Mbabwe). 54 
per* cent of whose ordinary 
shares are owned by Globe and 
46 per cent by Electra. 

sources has announced terms of 
an offer io be made by Hoare 

issued share capital of Wemyss. 
other than the 608.600 shares 
(27 per cent) owned by ATS. 
The offer will be a cash one. The 
Wemyss Development Co has 
undertaken to accept for its 
700,000 shares (31 per cent) 
which, with the 608.600. repre- 
sents 58 per cent of the issued 
share capitaL 

Rg gina v Slater 

Before Lord Justice May. Mr 
Justice Michael Davies and Mr 
Justice Allrott 
[Judgment given June 161 

On a proper construction of 
section- 430Xa) of the Powers of 
Criminal Courts An 1973. by 
virtue of which a forfeiture 
order might be made in respect 
of property which had been used 
for foe commission of any 
offence, such order was confined 
to property used by the person 
convicted of an offence. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
when allowing an appeal by 
John Kingston Slater and 
quashing a forfeiture order 
made under section 43 of the 
1973 Act relating to £1,136 which 
had been found at his home. 

Tbe appellant had pleaded 
guilty on January 3. 1986 at 
Snaresbrook Crown Court (Mr 
Assistant Recorder L_ L Rose) 
to. inter alia, conspiracy to 
supply a controlled drug (can- 
nabis), for which be was sen- 
tenced to 18 months’ 
imprisonment; and an order was 
made for the destruction of 
drugs found at bis home, which 
the appellant had claimed he 
was “minding” for someone. 

Section 43 of foe 1973 Act 
provides: “(1) Where a person is 
convicted of an offence punish- 
able on . indictment with 
imprisonment for a term of two 
years or more and the court by 
or before which he is convicted 
is satisfied that any property 
which was in his possession or 
under his control at the time of 

this section in respect of that 

' Mr John Hilton, assigned by 
the Registrar of Criminal Ap- 
peals. Tor the appellant: Mr 
Graeme Ford for the Crown. 

ing foe judgment of the court, 
said that the assistant recorder 
had found as a fact that the 
£1.136 was “likely to be the 
proceeds from drugs”. 

It was common ground that, 
as foe plea of guilty was to a 
count of conspiracy, foe pro- 
visions of section 27 of the 
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 relat- 
ing to forfeiture did not apply. 

However, the prosecution bad 
urged that a forfeiture order 
could be made under section 
430X<z> of the 1973 Act which, it 
was contended, should be read 
as referring to property used for 
the commission of any offence 
by anyone. 

It was submitted that the 
purchasers who bought the 
drugs and provided the proceeds 
which made up the £U36 had 
themselves been using foe 
money for the purposes of 
committing offences by them so 
that, on that wide construction, 
foe assistant recorder had power 
to make foe-order he did. 

That argument placed far too 
wide a construction on section 
43. In their Lordships’ judgment 
subsection (I) was confined to 
the use of property said to come 
within its scope by the person 
convicted of an offence, nec- 
essarily referring back to the first 
few words of the subsection. 

Accordingly there was no 
power in foe assistant recorder 

Chief Constable of Hamp- 
shire ▼ Mace 

Before Lord Justice Watkins 
and Mr Justice Taylor 
[Judgment given June 19] 

Section l(4Xb) of the Crim- 
inal Attempts Act 1981 (fid not 
operate to prevent the charging 
of an attempt to procure the 
commission of an act of gross 
indecency under section 1(1) of 
that Act, because procuring the 
commission of an act of gross 
indecency was itself a sub- 
stantive offence under section 
13 of the Sexual Offences Act 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court so held when 
allowing an appeal by a pros- 
ecutor. who claimed that foe 
justices had erred in concluding 
that no offence of attempting to 
procure foe commission of the 
act of grass indecency as 
charged, was committed by 
reason of foe wording of section 
l(4Xb)offoeI98I Acl 

The justices had dismissed 
the charge against foe defen- 
dant, Eric Mace, of attempting 
to procure the commission by 
another man. an act of gross 
indecency contrary to section 
t(l) of the Criminal Attempts 
Act 1981. The case was remitted 
to foe justices with a direction to 

Mr Richard Lissack for the 
prosecutor; Mr Christoper 
Critchlow for the defen dam. 

that foe defendant contended 
that no offence had been 
committed because section 
l(4Xb) of the 1981 Act specifi- 

1 • -a 1 ■ . -a . • i - uii',.' a h- m- 

sion of, any offence; ... the Solicitors: Solicitor, Metro- 
court may make an order under poliran Police. 

Seeking access to child 

• I., • t 

Regina v Oxford Justices, Ex 
parte D 

Mr Justice Waite, sitting as an 
additional judge in foe Queen's 
Bench Division, on June 19, 
granted the applicants order of 
mandamus directed to the clerk 
to Oxford Justices requiring him 
to issue a summons under 
section 9 of the Guardianship of 
Minors Act 1971 on foe 
applicant's complaint seeking 
access to his illegnimaie daugh- 
ter aged nine who was in foe care 

HIS LORDSHIP said that foe 
cleric had refused to issue foe 
summons on the ground that 
there was no jurisdiction as foe 
girl was the subject of a care 
order pursuant to section 1 (3Xa) 
of foe Children and Young 
Persons Act 1969 and that 
parental rights, had been as- 
sumed by foe local authority. 

His Lordship said it was 
purely a question of law. Tbe 
hither was entitled to issue the 

aiding, abetting, counselling, 
procuring or suborning foe 
commission. of an often ce. 

The charge alleged that foe 
defendant “attempted to pro- 
cure foe commission of an 
offence”. The defendant further 
contended that if foe offence 
survived tbe implementation of 
the 1981 Act. it should have 
been charged contrary to section 
1 3 of foe 1 956 Act and Schedule 
2 thereof 

The prosecutor contended 
that section l(4Xb) of foe 1981 
Act did not preclude a charge 
under section 1(1) of that Act 
because to procure an act of 
gross indecency was itself a full 
offence under section 13 of foe 
19S6 Act, so that tbe word 

Section l(4Xb) would apply; 
only in circumstances where lira- 
alleged procurement was addv* 
tionaf to and not part of lira* 
substantive offence. 

It was necessary to look at foe- 
provisions of section 1(1) andl 
I (4Mb). Looking at section 
foe 1956 Acl which read: ‘Trir 
an offence for a man to commit 
an act of gross indecency wifo- 
anofoer man, whether in publrcf 
or private, to be a party to foe. 
commission by a man of an art* 
of gross indecency with another, 
man . . 

There could be no doubt thtft" 
if the section stopped after foqS f 
words and there had been a 
charge of attempting to procure,” 
it would have been bad 'by 
reason of section l(4Xb). *v 

The section did not stop ’ 
there, but went on: “or «* 
procure the commission by ~x. 
man of an act of gross indecency 
with another man”, so that- 
within section 13 there was npL' 
only an offence of committing, 
an act of gross indecency or df 
being a party to committing, 
such an art, but by way df 
alternative there was foe offence.' 
of procuring. 

Counsel for the defendant had 
been constrained to argue that . 
that part of the section was to be 
regarded as surplus. 

His Lordship was reluctant to . 
say that the whole clause of foe: 
section of an act was surplus- Ifr 
was a substantive offence of 
procuring foe commission of an. 
act of gross indecency. ; Z 

That would be sufficient to- 
dispose of the matter were it not - 
for foe fan foal foe offence Z 
charged was not attempting to- 
commit an an of gross in-" 

procure foe commission of an- 
act of gross indecency. ~ ' 

Section l(4Xb) of the 1981. 
Act did not operate to prevent : 
the charging of an attempt- to--. 
procure foe commission of Ba!- 
acl of gross indecency under.-' 
section l( 1 ) of that Acl 
L ord Justice Watkins agreed.^ 
Solicitors: Mr P. Boeuf. Win- .■ 
Chester; Brutton & Co, ’ 
Fan? ham. 


In In re N fa Minor) ( The 
Times June 19) it should have 
been made clear that where wag . 
-a challenge to an allegation 
based on information and belief ’ 
in the narrative affidavit, the ' 
source of that information 

directed foe justices to hear and his application heard and deter- 
determioe foe application. rained by the justices. 

the statement of foe full order foal he might be tendered 
offence. for cross-examination. 

Capital transfer tax avoidance fails 

Cholmondeley and Another v 
Intend Revenue Commission- 

Before Mr Justice Scott 
[Judgment given June 1 7] 

An attempt by foe Marques 
of Cholmondeley and his trust- 
ees to advance settled property 
to his eldest son. Lord 
Rocksavage. without incurring 
capital transfer rax liability 


The. special provisions of 
paragraph 18 of Schedule 5 to 
foe Finance Acl 1975 (as sub- 
stituted by section 71 of foe 
Finance Act 1978) giving some 
relief for protective trusts, could 
not be relied on to prevent 
liability to charge arising on foe 
coming to an end _ of foe 
marquess's interest in pos- 
session in- the property under 
paragraph 4(2) of Schedule 5. 

Mr Justice Scott so held in the 

Chancery Division in dismiss- 
ing appeals by Mr George 
Cholmondeley and Mr Anthony 
James Morton Baker, the settle- 
ment trustees, against notices of 
determination of foeir liability 
to the rax. • 

The trustees held property on 
such trusts as foe sixth Mar- 
quess of Cholmondeley and foe 
trustees should appoint and 
subject thereto on trust for the 
marquess for life m rail male. 

By a deed dated June M. 1979 
the trustees appointed part of 
the trust property, three 
tenanted forms in Cheshire, to 
be. held on protective mists for 
foe marquess for life, with 
power to advance capital to 
remaindermen. On the follow- 
ing day the trustees by deed 
advanced foe three farms to be 
held in trust for Lord 
Rocksavage absolutely. 

The trustees were issued with 
notices of determination to foe 
tax that by reason of the deed of 
advancement foe marquess's 

interest in possession in foe 
three terns came to an end thus 
incurring liability under para- 
graph 4(2) of Schedule 5 to the . 

1075 acl beneficiary shall be treated as 

They appealed direct to foe beneficially entitled to an in- 
High Court contending that any rarest in possession in any 
determination of foe marquess’s property which is for foe time 
protective life interest was to be being held on trusts to foe like 
disregarded by reason of foe effect as those specified in 
substituted provisions of para- paragraph (ii) of foe said section 
graph 18(2)' of the Finance Act 33(11“ - 
1975 It was agreed that paragraph 

Mr Leolia Price. QC and Mr ^ 

Michael Flesch. QC, for foe 
ImsieesMrJohn Mummery for 

uie l rown. not agreed as to exactly what 

MR JUSTICE SCOTT said should be regarded as foe “trust 
that Schedule 5 to foe 1975 Act period", 
contained special provisions The trustees’ case was that 
regarding settled property and immediately before June 1 2 foe 
capital transfer tax. Therein marquess was entitled to a 
were enumerated various events protected life interest in pos- 
that were to be deemed “trans- session in foe settled property, 
fere of value" giving .rise to The deed of advancement 
liability. brought to an end that interest 

The Crown contended that in respect of the three farms. His 
the deed of advancement at- interest was therefore deier- 
tracred liability in respect of the mined before foe end of the trust 
capital value of the three terms, period — that period being the 
Paragraph 4(2) and (3) were here life of the marquess, 
in point: the life interest that the Paragraph l8(2Xa). ft was 

marquess had in the settled said, directed that for tax pur- 
property was brought to an end poses the determination before 
by the (feed ofappointmenL But foe end of the mist period of a 
thereby foe marquess became protected life interest should be 
entitled under the new protcc- disregarded and no liability to 
live trusts. charge under paragraph 4(2) 

It was agreed that because of arose, 
paragraph 4(31 that deed of For the Crown, it was said 

trusts to foe like effect as those baa peen no lanare -ear; 
specified in paragraph (r) of deraiminauon i of foe pnncipal 
[section 33< I ) of foe Trustee Act beneficiary s life interest - 
19251; and lb) foe principal Jbe isue was therefore; 
beneficiarv shall be treated as whether that reference to fafi- 

appoinunem did not attract tax. 
The deed of advancement how- 
ever. brought to an. end the 
marquess's beneficial interest 
created by foe deed of appoint- 

that foe reference in paragraph 
18(2Xa) to the "failure or 
determination, before the end of 
the trust period, of trusts to the 
like effect as those specified in 

menu the. Crown’s claim under paragraph (i) of the said section 
paragraph 4(2) related to that 33(1)" was a reference to the 


The substituted paragraph 
18(2) provided: “For the pur- 
poses of capital transfer tax — (a) 
there shall be disregarded foe 

failure or determination, before 

failure or determination of those 

trusts as trusts. 

All that had happened in foe 
present case was that certain 
property had been removed 
from the settlement: the trusts in 

the end of foe trust period, of question continued and there 

The issue was therefore - 
whether that reference to “fait” 
ure or determination'’ should be - 
read as a failure or determina- 
tion of an interest in parti cula r ._ 
assets or. as the Crown coo- 
tended. as a failure -or- 
determination of the protected ’’ 
life interest as such. ' . 

The language of foe provision •' 
did not enable a clear choice to > 
be made. As an aid to construe- .- 
tion it was therefore necessary to - L 
consider the legislative history 
of foe provision. _ T ■” 

Having done so and having'- 
looked at the decisions - In j* 

Thomas r Inland Revenue 
Commissioners ([1981) STC ' 
382 > and Egerron »• Inland U 
Revenue Commissioners ((19S3J - 
STC 531) foe construction for " 
which the Crown contended was 1. 
foe correct one. - 

"Failure or determination" * 
envisaged an event which under ■ 
the limitation contained either ■ 
in foe trust instrument or in 
section 33 brought to an end the !» 
principal beneficiary's protected k 
life interest. 

The Crown had an alternative .’ 
submission on the meaning of 1 
“trust period" in paragraph - 
l8(2Ka). It should, it was said, * 
be taken to be a reference to the 
period up to foe time at which -> 
the property was taken out of 
settlement. J • 

That submission would be * 
difficult to accept; such a * 
construction would produce - 
potentially an almost infinite^, 
number of different trust peri- 
ods for foe various assets at any- 
time comprised in a settlement 
creating the protective tmsL 
It followed that the appeal 
was dismissed and the notices of 
determination confirmed. - ■ 

Solicitors: Walters Fladeaie 
Solicitor of Inland Revenue*- 

■ sow portfolio card check your 
«8W snare pnee movements. Add them 
W 10 stye you your .overall total Chock 

e " 1 *. against the daily dividend figure 
Wished on this page: if h matches you 
vc wop outright or a share of the total 
oaily pnw money stated. If vou arc a 
ywerfoMow the daim procedure on the 
hack of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 



— ( Se Iffar* 


June 16. Dealings end June 27. fCbnango day June 30i Set&meatday Jnly.7. 
Migains are permitted on two pcevious business days. 

^^wta* Nt «ro p* » erafcU tod 


£4,000 ' ; - 

CJaims required foie ; / 
. +35 points : 
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Please be sore to take accovit 

afany nwundg m 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
far the weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
tomorrow's newspaper. 


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90- . .t\ U30 14 124 
725 .-•as - . W : to 11.1 
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08*7 - ' 174 04 362 

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02 . . 64 .3* 01 


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Motoring by Peter Waymark 

®o$iWjiist when it’s needed 

Car; fltiufe to offer. :ari' 
aracjitable- j^TjTtomise be-‘ 
uwen ;.ifc usually conflicting 
demaiMls-ofperformaacc and 


Li>* a <Cy, •• '• • , • ;/»• 

_ consumption that- a compaja- 1 

— hfa^pettol* umt'Kit -makes tfte- 
». qg njjii gtifagwpr.. A turbo- 

CteftgrfrxOThejp uj compen- 
i* sate -. jor ^iW.E 6 1osr : power 
. . wthcxa^toing -jloo . raudi : 

•> eflfetpnthe fed-J^tire$. . . 

. - ■ ■ .- ■ . . ■ 

*r TeJ'uctant .to..'=._faUow the ' the-system / lacks -feel, the 
£ tttfeediesid trail, the initiative* 8™* ch Ws 

isjwng taka .'elsewhere and ‘ and the brakes have a nicety 
r-6o£-teast-to‘ tfcia^hese.- A' progressive action. There is 
3 ‘ gctod ; wcfflhpie'of .the state- of somehody rou on comers but 

ihe an iis thc' Toyota Camry. ■ roadholding; is secure. • 

...A oleanly styled medium ■ Except on very uneven arr- 
■ satoO^-jtfieOfthycomeswith- faces.- the ,nde Hanoodi atid 
■*- 2’fr«-speal^rbGx. sian<laKl - . free of wallow. Good seats, 
^pwe^SmSg-and two fca- flnnaadwai shaped, .enhance 
:1 uirei 'on©:' considered ad- die feeling of comfort, as does 
} - J^^-care. thegeoerousamountof bead 
ST fiftfewbeel- drive and Lode- . and T^oonim. both: fronted 
ii-pg^msassamu'- ’ .^^eboptis^solaiseBui 
-iirfe is thosecond version of thehigh lip and small owning 
~ tito.Oumy turhodiesd to be ' make lading reor^ difficult 
» *' offered in" Britain and.' with than it should be. 

*' afgufe-sfre-up-ffoin U839cc» - Short of air conditioning, 
L974cc and brake boree-pw too many care, even the bigger 
_^er from 72 to S3,4t.rppresems ones, have still, to lick the 

Y a- agnificant- improvement, problem of. how provide an 
!— Feffo rmanct - -still cannot effective flow . of cool air 
c - match that ofatwo'litre petrol without recojme to a noisy 

— engine btit this is- a 'far from booster ran. The Cunry is no 

J* slK'Essb' Icar and once into its exception. But the driver will 
«- sSrorodiices ah nripresstve appreciate the excellent visi- 
** stHM orpo'wer.V..- bility afforded by a large- area 

./,& .green. light on the fascia of window glass. 

toDs ypu when. the turbocharg- ■ 

eh sjarts' to 'cut in. _ This - ; is ■ ■ ^ 

■ v governed fry engine speed and -Vital Statistics 

T ^ ToyolaCamr> 

t* gcar.ypu.are jn.~ihe result is a .pS~«)?Qq 

■* dramatic boost to acceleration i 07 A rr m». r 

^ and ™ accdmpnshed' with k ? n |' , - 974cc . four 

“rtttulfc-tfra' of ft* if ^S rmallce: . o-60mph 

^ essence of die turbo- 1 15se»nds maximum speed 

£ OflWalconsimipdomurta. 

;>djere. : 10 S- exploited and . 7 ^£?iaft£S. _ . 

;; «£oyea wben tte ofmmrMd ;{^^Group4 
beckons. It is most useful for. ■ ¥ 

its rrud-range flexibility, the 
* * pulling- ppwer in; high' gear; 
wj i jch n ot only. makes- the car_ 
vdaxiuglo dhve KiFgives a - 
i' t sparer margin , of safety to 
' ' overtaking. ' 

»«• "Like any diesel, the Camry 
*. is as. economical in stop-start 
-- town- driinng as it is on the 
•c' “ motorway and jn either concfi- 
tions' should give al least 40 
5; milcato the gallon. The fur- 
f- thcrad'vanl^e of diesel is that 

— fuel is-curiehtfyr up to. lOp a 

V giQopucfapaper than petPpU>. . 

^ - ;-pojwer t asast^ice lakes rite 
.L^eflforf OBtofsteerim. thbugB •' 

, ... * . t 

x-w . . . — .... 

-:w: - - V 

means r of improving: , the 
company’s image and . cutting 
- the uriiSlical cord which still 
associates BL-. in the public 
mind with the long deceased- 
and .unlamented .British. 

' fr Rover does become top 
dog (pun intended)' it will be a 

- Rather -more -quietly the 
once proud* Morris -name -de- 
parted from the- British car 
industry -with the demise of 
'Ita! /Marina. Morris .was an- 
other- - -victim . . of- 
•rationalisation. Morris ahd 
Austin cars had long ■ since 
ceased to -havc ^any- separate 
identity and oiice . again. BL 
- fisfen'edtotoetoaritetresearch 
and derided- that tiFone name 
wWvedti*had.tobe Au^in. 
-So with Jagiar lea vii^ then 
to return to private enterprise, 
the pfethora of raaiques was 
down to tivol. and' if one of 
them was to be. the mme for 
toe whole company, . Rovo 1 , 
with- its up-market inia^, was 
a- plausibly better choice than 

. j Bunhe irony- of calling }be 
last surviving British Vohnne 
rhanufkciurer Royer . is -that 
Rover is hanfly any longer a 

Whatevra- make qr model of c^- qr commercial vebide you reqUrB - Autotetex are able to supply - at the best possible discount, 
combined with the absolute lowest finance rates available*. We offer a personal service second to none. 

- - SaH-Jus now and vre’IttalMbotf-yeu^ only (&*jeatp status*. 

? 1 0772 59390: (HEAD OFFICE) : 


' 091 407 1903/091 264 5676- 
. UNC0LN 0522 4^8 . 

-NORTHERN IRELAND 0232 814070 

DORSET 042 52 44T3 : != 

EAST ANGLIA 0553 64943 . . 
BERKSHIRE 0635 68132 


0624 76309/0624 851035. 

WEST .MIDLANDS 0203 711549 
W1RRAL 051 648 3862 
MANCHESTER 06t 224 8207 
NQRTHANTS 0536 760911 (HOME) 
WESTON SUPER MARE 0934 517015 



dog (pun intended)' it wili be a Kover is hardly any longer a 
" remarkable rise for a manque British car. The 200 sferie$is a 
ths^t Vttie more than 20 years' Honda in almost- everytiiing 

. ago was a. small, independent but name and'thc 8GG execu- 

c'manu&ctufer:: doing -fejrty — tivesatoondue-to-bqtinveiied 
well, thank .yew, and minding next month was jointly deyd-‘ 
its own' business. Bornqut ofar'oped with the same'Japanese 
- famous --19th century cycle company. ; ‘ . '■ 

company which had built 'an 

electric car as long ago as Dno l GP11CP 
1888, Rover developed as a IVUilU 
maker of quality cars foMhe The school holidays wfll soon 
more expensive end. of the be here and with them the 
ra ®fj“. L . _ rush to the seaside and the sad 

jAfter the Serond Wo rid spectacle ofcars broken down 
War; us most celebrated offer- ^ the roadside and parents 
ingwasthe 2000, a revolution- trying to soothe fractious chil- 
ary vehicle for its -time but ^ while waiting for help. 

AUDI 100 


BMW 325i 

FORD. XR2...^ 

MAZDA 323.^: LA; 

L..£8f380 MERCEDES ' 230E ..£11,940 PORSCHE 924 

64,700 MERCEDES 190 : £0^90 RENAULT 25..-.,. 

.£10*000' NISSAN MICRAL^^^WOO SAAB 9001__ ;. 


.i. £44^70 : PEUGEOT 205*:-:±;.-.^e^«iSO VW GOLF..... 

V. ! • VOLVO- 340'. ^ £5,100 ' 



...... £7^50 

..... £4,990 



> . unable to prevent Rover seek- 
ing the sanctuary of a bigger 
organisation and merging wub 
Leyland, tiien chiefly a -truck 

. Sometimes -the .cause is. as 
daft and avoidable as running 
out of petrol, thwgh .this is 
not one -of.lhft- Auteknobfle 

company, m J966. Two- yeans. Association’s “top ten”. ’Easily 
-later came the much bigger topping tiiT AA!s list are 
merger that produced British ignfabn faults (responsible for , 
Inland. 18 percent of emergency calls) 

ver was only one qf and &t battertesfl5 per cent). 

Rover’s return 

Tn the early years. of the 
British cinema, around 1905, 
there was a popular film called 
Rescued By Rover and . though 
■ Rover was a dog, not a car, the 
tide has suddenly taken on a 
topical significance. 

.. Next month. BL sharehold- 
ers wiO- vote on whether. to 
'change the name ^ 'of the com- 

iw^ired by ihe-'nw clrair- 
inan, Mr Graham Dgy, as' a 

many marques inherited by 
the new company and- by no 
means the most prominent: 
But gradually the other fam- 
ous names disappeared. Riley 
and Wolsdcy ' hung on for' a 
while as badges on what were 
really. Austin and Morris cars. 
Wolseley went' in 1975 when 
the 1 8-22 Series was reclamed 
the- Princess, officially lo be 
"kept oh ice; in fact unfikdy jo 
return.’-' ^ 

- Prevention is better than 
cure and troubte can be head- 
ed off by weekly checks . on oil, 
water, batteries and tyres. It 
may also be foolish to expect a 
vehicle that for .50 ‘weeks a 
year is used only for short trips 
around town, suddenly - to 
withstand the 1 rigours of 300 
miles on the .motorway — .at 
least not wiihom'fl;.tiiorough 
service beforehand 

- One ' useful rhove .: being 


IffVaht GTT4 ortr to specKcaDon 
Mar 6ot GTTa, 3 mi 5 Aw. 
Mi cabas 

. Ctnertths A cobus. 
nanal/Kto : 

« mm bh MJUbs am. hb+ 
ri ednf USL M irtl 5 *__P 0 * 


6 olf GU 

<ndy- tt. <am 

h in cm an m WMk. Zmtor 

kit 34400 miss 

n (T) M a Mi Sim. 23JM0 
miss IS9SB 


K (T) panda til SC Ipwl 

Tufa Buck Z17^HI 

SS m FMcta til te Taras 

Whta I no4n 

■4 U| Panda 124 Lai Btafc. 

0(Y) M an Uan Goao. hifl 
| spec. 39.000 nies JW.7»I 

14,000 miles £10,500 

1984 AUDI AVANT CO Silver grey, 30,000 

miles ; — — £7,995 

1994 SAAB 900 TURBO Saver; 17,500 
miles — ^£7^85 

: 1983 TALBOT CABRIOLET Blue, 18,500 
' miles -£3,995 , 

0792 701801 

’ fiKSad to na ZS yen oobanor a*n£« ' 

U. a wA aakf - at nakaa aat mMs 

Ov M sasuns Ovbgbw posM Sbcoot lartta pdMisor. 

NO RaXMM D^r^?-‘raY M couBcmM ' 

Laa puKtaaa contact hat ■ Omt Dan naa. 

■ay at Haal Bfeeaa* iwOMaanInai Pialaaslaa^ aha itdfr aw 

lain BaskHss- 7 taw a naak 

MM GTE 3 door 7^3000 . Jinn Shu Tartu TX^JSmMl 

Mew Escort XRS &B8B13 Hmautt 5 GT Ttrts ,6^05.00 

Cm*m SH 1800 5 JCWMi • Rma XR2. — ^l_S,7ffi00 

GoH GL:_ 6T85D0 Curtwi BX1S ST 7J93J30 

am ao snot Jsnifla -won ra«)_ — . — amoo 

Wq Onto GL-4 *...^31.67 .. Jlomegc Wffi* Spsc7jlE7i 

(bSd 2 S era -^eo ; Wn SS ej eb tk finc.uaus 

’• • • Sacaal Pncn cm A-nww. BMW Voba . 



TJ;U 1 > i|: 


(brans zs era. 

- . - - ■ uuc uauui iuw¥G...u«iii£ 

/.The end of -MG. sports car introduced by the- AA' is!. to 
production meant the efifec- equip'its patrols with a. com- 



live end of another proud 
marque, and do enthusiast 
regards the MG Maestro or 
MG Montego as anything 
more than a marketing ploy. 
Just; as controversially, the 
Triumph name was dropped a 

prehensive kit -of what it calls 
“fast-moving components”, 
158 of the . most commonly 
needed spare parts. They 
should fit most models and, 
says the AA, should improve 
Lhe chances of getting the car 


couple of years ago when BL started again r at the. roadside, , 
dct^dc^ . it: had top -'many instead bftevingtotowit tp" a 
nanrMS&ut^ndorsed ^rageo’r pUrTfeQU^tta&riAll. 

in£ nfartet researtfefthhl 5390 'AA patrols. I SfOufiJ lti^e 
Row ; tadL'thdjgreater pulL^ t& IdtSfay tJn-*D^tlfe*y?Blr. 



HeatsTSo SE. 230 E. 
ora. Mod modefe. 

:MSTNP ROVER Mod models. '' 
UM 9000 TiPtei ; ■ 
.‘WOWMShfioH GTt 3/Sdr. 
WOJOJM. 2« 340.'. 
: PHSGSETo qqler. .y ; 

: ;? cTO ORDER r - 

* annxMLS a 


6376 71133/71 425 . 

. FOR ANY Rumen .. 

- - fmawnoN - ■ 
raux soMi. uovdMVi * 

? wr arn ii 1 . 

«iwpm a>.Mn(ttMp4 j. 

u sa 



«- 1 WsgtaH.lar moaa '.I 

' I '*■, :0488 _078191 .1 

' . . . • 1 

i! MNBE «NR WOK 198Z 
. LHD.'4ule. air. conjL Jow mflp ■ 
**-• ».ti5oorrrt: Odd* 870390. 


*—• . ivoa mm. c m »-'i ww r: 

- - C7J9S. Tot. oroo Z2T7S7 Ol 

0703. 7081 1 « S4. Itrs- 

- . nrtXTA : XM2. S4I- <r Btor. 1SOC 

- 'mm. nmaiiw. ai.^. aa 

. KS.9S0. .tHfl703 *r7757 gt 

,0703,788110 (WITS' . 

- LAftO/RAIMX; (Knm PaKnal 
s- mwt-ln me «m aracJalw 
■ r . -o-* A ram «plir..«i 3» 

SOS. . ■ ..- . . 

29 Vtx Anio. 1980 
6 . 000 .mime 1 tfwncr. FUl rar- 
■ m . 'Iff mstdry. Bunwnitv. hnnur 
eand. r 7 . 99 s 01 +** isaam 
sovniucam 1973 aauu- 
lat »x)m««on £ 2-600 conmsri 
entunn- «r modem car 
FbOoe.COtefciry 080161032*. 

' g|^.. 


' W «35CSI .• 
mcrG: nr im^ NP 9 i «mi ma 
IbDdcjnaMr 'vart wfc* ns- 

flitomo. a®t iffSte JtanKuab ■ 
BMW potanmec. PQA • 

■ . sms um ■ 

--- ■nmk'i mm - : 

' CHttNMUd 

i -': M4635 ■ • 

■ APHIL 85 

' bmuto w^ b te um- 
"• m' suw nwm 

amu.&x £a*0*jrc.3»- 
-.j» aw^wr.wiab. 

;.^:£awbh. :.' 



S spssd. Fab 1B8S. 3 door 
turquclse Mud ma n M c. 
Excslsnt oomSOon. 9JUQ 


(044^ 68330 ... 
(0442) 49277 

uuo stavuts Ncw.u-n hum 
-D rKv.LWBSWB.Prtnii.Dmei. 
. aontod mm MockM .:-2 X 
■ RHD UOPK>-i«a + many oth- 
. *T LHD vetliem. 01 486 1015 T, 

■o¥sn vnssK uoa Amo' 

MS*, u nroot. Air and. C L. 
Ow i n t n oc A -rad ■ Cm. mOoard 
campum. - 20.000 mtc 
£8.000. CuaWOrd 6766 > 
VOLVO 2N0 OtT-- Estate. Aula 
T98B lOJOOO iMtaa- 1 own 
wuh run wnta tuniy. D*rt 
. met Bloc. Immaculalc. comH 
mm. £8-996. 01-644 1532. IT 
•4* 85 iai. sienna red. m 
tyres, tmi of extrav 40.000 
" Iih. tounaruLue .£ 12.260 ono 
. Trt: Ot 603 *054 alter (UOpra 
CtntOCM CX<m Turbo rtnlslKC 
In pearl orry meumc. DeUvny 
only. Cl 1.99* Conuei 
Brian Wllkn oa 0792 75591 T 

CT CSW 82 v saooora. rsH 
SAPOtnrr Stnro Comp. ABS- 
* e. Cl 0.950 Ol 286 0491. 

7304 H.Ffb 84. fully loaCM. 
mrthiPT. 26000 miles. 04.9*0. 
Trl, 022026 2368. . 

Mfcw m - All moons io or 
drr. 52011. m slock Large 
discounts-- Trt 0227-793010 iTl 

12V 4 door auto. I98S, nwtadlrij 
blarl. Bnv>. JMovs. rtecinr . 
roof windows rtc . 12.000 - 

nun. iminaruMr. £10600 
COO Trt.i 03251 768656 

B281 -82 model. iMWfr blue, 
rtrcirir sunroof. TRX. nnoid 
rr. odwr e»r». (SH. 68-000 
milrv I owner £4.950 
Trti0892l 20144 

SHter Hue ^rtoihl 2.900 mb. 
man oe a rnoy. power siemitv. 
healed mirror, manual sunroof. 
£9.950 Trt- 02575-2844 

Vita "Crtnob 1985 A. 

Henna Mark. EVV..CL. coded 
\ CWiN. 2X000 mis- £11. 996- 
-OltO 01-36? 5208 954 9599- - 

BJM.W X2»- CmnoM. .Auto.' 
PAS. 1982' 45.000- miles -Snip 
■al £6.8*0 Ter 03405 6400 

- 3181 a door. InoraiitM Henpa 
rMwKh biarti sirwes mo May 
84 A4«A MAC. Sim 
slufM- roof. aOoy wlwrts. new 


■ radio . rawfle > ,£*.990 
Trt-«?LJ*e 0411 mttl 021 

- iswwsu: 88 XJ5 SamoK « \ 
._ wauto Fun TeJTBHPy* rawfl \ 
I,. B5WSE cpltn*/ 

owtaiw 5» -nntas wuh iwnv , 
. warramly Kaa * \ery nor 1 
*■- ear : Cl A 996. Trt OlJai 

BMW :32V. 4 tod Auto .198*. 
PAS CL . SH F5H. Crvuaf. 
CO. 950 Trt 0908 679364. 


M ANTED iMM 1978-1906 for 
the bed WUT Tei Ol 8024248 
or 'settle for ka* 


Rover 3500 




061789 5lil. 

Saw ££££sdf ' 


ON MOST UK Mmas _ 
05BM5I275 • 
• - C0N1WCT5 


Cww B i We. dart marocp.oeti 
aeon and brown baBws up-. 

Wstey. A raft- B e on c 
1 wnlns. shno ntai cas- 
sette. Neertr amL,..'.'. . 
knucdaie cmtton. 


Tsl 0277 83 264. 


111 SC COupeJBhn. . t17495 
9*4 LuxJbd. _... C12M95 

9*4 Lin.wtaa. Cl 1395 

9Zt luxStor. £8.7» 


0932 221396 *■ 


2 I -.000 mim only, black, hn- 
maruiale. penanaHsed number 
d*"- evpensn e slrmi'. MMnal ' 
roUuaiar Irtepfionr.'-aB^oa- 
TH 01828 1850. 

•44 LUX April 1986. MeWUtr. 
ooM. iiwint sunroof. 11.000 
rmles. inj qood cambium 
Cl 5.980 Newton- <06551 

42823 (settings * wntands. 

■11 SC 8 Reg. Btark. elec writ - 
smrt. alarm Mml condiiion 
CSSXWO TCI. 061 330 *9*6 
dlU lime 

S1U H reg oasar nr rotuM 
Imh 29.000 mm C6.2S0.Tri. 
0756 850444 753227 


PLAS EFI widVfrf^E 
Chafe cf. five 

;** *525^X70 -6806 

• ' seal 198L Henna red. TSH Tar 
Mt-.4«nrsui*dac.- ram and. 
’ trh snorters. jMl.oBrar rains. 
»■* ttfrtnH' randHum . 1 .VMS 
... - B,M w Wactanls S ensib l e of- 
m. fns TrtvO<82l 'S40370 

lSSO SlI CSi auHmauc Mrtafl- 
br nine, bew leallwr. escrtlrtri 

forvaromr:- nfl.tioo— . nniei. 
■e*w4SO>> 669 2191, Horn*: 
593 S8d4 ■ ■ 

911 LUX 1977 Mortu brotvn 
aa ooo mm. . fsh iuhv 
A ltibwd £8-250 Trkptme 
Of 550 0075 anrlime 


Dirsd -Turbo Saloon. 85 C 
14.000 Miles. As new. £7,730- 

SALES 01 4Z7 4994 
. 014274994- 

■ 2J0 ip $^SPEED' 

1985 (CjV ! 
Dsnsdn Red «Hb BHgi vafaw , 
in. Arasy-Xtan system, h 
immacriate aider tfamutfnoL 
7^00 -mites approx. > * 




0865 722444 

928 SMK1I 

>! .19 W. 

Pmvtor mettrtc ABtomatte 
wrth electric suamoL 2 BJMH 
Mas, PSH. Origin* car' in 
Erst class. order --' 1 

£27v500 ; 

. 021 449 4227 ' 

928 • AUTO. "82 Pacific Blur Me- 
Uilir BtUelude beroec inferior, 
cun rsH ft cond. pmw. 
pfaie £16.995 Tel. 0224 
646048 off 0224 868813 hm. 

IMSCHE -9Z4.-U1K 19Al 
red Miser 77.000 mite. ISH. 
£6*00. Trt 0705-735916. . 


.ROVER 1072 wrnic is CDOPC- 
New MOT and Tnx. Exception- 
al rondKwn. Unlntfr m|orctf 
al prert expense £5.700- 
Trt OV 271 1700 • • 

MOKCOCB 288 SC Xs V8 Sa- 
loon Needs wortc..' wooM-ouU 
enthusiasi. £600 ono. Tel Oaj 
*49 3204. 

l**7 MCKCCxn 190 sl Boom. 
Hard son loo. paumatlngly re- 
sorted to proem prtsUo* 1 
■ canddfon oter the HM 2 yean. 
s< her bopy war*, blue leather 
unftofsiry. -soy rare trtsclr. 
Trvmendvus anoimnil Men- 
. net. Must be one of me (inert 
ataUabie Irt1\ ale sale. £12^00 
0205 662536 (Home) 0203 
343007 (Olfia). ' 

«■« To a. tddo: Puny re 
rtored with 5 sod warttmtand 
—ware wnoets. Winner of many 
Qmroun estoria. Finished -hi 

Brjuai. rartnn to**". Oterwtea 

Ptajr. £9.006 once Tel:. 1099 
M9l 660 iQaonl. . 

MMS mt 1IKL Manual orar- 
too d. wire wherta i owner. 
Com piece mechanical rebuild. 
Qrf sj^«w-- 5 rev Mur hmn- 
er bit tiSOO. Off 01 9*2 
0081. afler GOTO 01-969 4966 

DC UMCAN anfy ooe of tts ktnd 
nqni hand rtnCe-afOomaUc. UK 
UHilKaiion. taxed. 700 muef 
only inietw bum miher 
. 06.000. Trt- Office <042 Ji 
60HB1 or Etrninot (OU3i 

MEHCEDCS 8I3IZ, 1968 280 SL 
raaouer Jmmaruteie example 
' £9850 TeL 0788 838636 

•08*11 HMNfto 'B8r Black. 4 
door -tnunac rood 16,000 
mlm. C4.950 6555669156 iTl 

-votyo vouvo 

The largest selection 
of lata jgB-owned 
Volvo's h^Souttwn 
Eng land, induding 780 
Estates- Put -us to the 
test . 

’ 01-979 5255 




01-44* 9202/3 

RANSEBOVElt 4 doer automatic 
un -white, (tag May 86. only 
1 .IOO macs, tndck *ate rawdred 
hence £4 5.700. TH-- Mr Jbweey 
0452 423442. Home. 0242 
620441' Work. 

Atnosmti ' 


Shm* or fiotf GU 3 A. rtbs, Ml 
wndor Syfeng W. Sfe, Rwmf 
hjw. sdsil body krt, sq h We. 
W.cLcad. cnnpbta ml re trm. 
Posdie tattle & bather, sttrao. 

Reading. Gdrage 

CMatCtwch Romf 
'• Eartv dotvary on 206 CaMoM 
205 G7I (IIS BMP), 206 Automatics 
and al Dtasl* n 

. rmg for oeraas. m 

a (0734) I 

». 875242 ■ 

This is the only 
road atlas that 
gives the entire 
British mainland 
the full blow-up 
At 3 miles to 1 
inch it gives you 
more maps, more 
town plans, more 
detail, more pages and moire places. 

Plus a Central London plan, a Greater 

London map, the main motorway interchanges, a 
map of Ireland and a detailed index. 

About , the only thing that isn’t blown-up is the 
i4.?5 pried tag. . . 

■ Of course, ff you prefer a smaller, scale, there's 
i pur Motorist’s Map Series'at 4 miles to 1 inch and 
r /£25 per- map-in most ietailets. 



■c/l & attna. a/w, nisi -to the 
moe! ochoive fin m Ub annby. 
cosl ; new Ei8.Cii5_ price M»- 

-GOtf^As Mr SB. Jid mt . 
Xnl vendor S^no n^ - wtab. " 
■W MV prew. lyres, tod* ks, 
2 i ae». del ratram ontvEMJK. 


-inb V ng-hd wder sybiB. ec. 
Nwrii MA low press tyres, sft. 
r/s«K emersan. heed rms. 

immac — wges; 

VTZ 1975. ill rad. 21000 m. 
mmac I CWSM. 

01 203 0240 (MOR-fBI) 

3PTT IWVCM tlM- uttlnvtu- 
Amorfcan Motor Home, eupetb 
randtuon. all cwtras. low mUc- 
4pp. £25.000 Trt: 01-570 7079 


BooUev 3R Hr P/wanl p/haad 1987 ... . .. 330000 

Aston MM3 DB2 1353 ! £8.550 

Bentley MK.W CMP* 1949 P/mmd ; — n6,5S-& 

-Mercedes LHD 1S0SL 1956 i. .. .X-^mjOO 

-jMuar MK1' 1956/7 -'BUG: ; — .cuoct 

IKou^ir trnm 3J8 WTre4 -, : — J :-■■■■ f 10.500 

.Mocrtb* IUD 280SK Coupe 1967 ; £6,950 

Ja mm X16 A2 UTO Coop* 1977- <3350 

UnkpH Mn6fii 8 de model Rob Ghost Sttonhdrtvea- £ 2 , 5 00 

PX Stem 0883 40891 01-485 4134 (T) 

MBiCEBiS 350 SI 

1971. 88,080 mias, moral' 
Ac gold, write interior, only 
2 son w 
bo apprfldatod. £8795 or 
wocy iwar oftari • 

Tol 0932 271011. ptajJ 
01.9*1 46631090^. ' 

i-rm uritimt uok. i9«. 

* Good condttkpt. Tax « MOT. 
'Cmretiuy MV Scnaami. but may 
be tiewed m Loodon. rudtier 
InfdcntaMe «0463i 79186L or 
■06678) 32*. £7-000 ono 
PUUrtae Coupe. MfU 
red.wiuw. auto. PAS-dcc >/r 
& windows.' w COhd. body & 
merit. £2.496. Prt. 897 6483 
MERCCMB 1M SL £9*8. Ice 
Green with Cream MUier 6 
Cream mofufr son fool Tom 
mtorattMT Sbrofy ■ rawrb. 
£9.998. 0903 813748 CTi 
ROVER HO. 19*4. Dark' Hue. 

. Beautiful xondHMn. 2 owiwcf-. 
OTMUua RWraUsn aocumenL 

- Often -Willed over £2000. 

' BouriRnoouth 0202 707638, 


.amvnvnaiJE ooLn-wmie 
■toe largest pairtMe srtecuon of 
: 'new bmp in .slock. 0682 
872182. Own Son. (AuOtorHed 
\ W dwIefL ■ 


■ C MEM OttHIM IVBttl Tanuda 
■M mi mol 

N G «n ■ 0WT1M Gapfeei. 811 

■ caw tterana «aa wra 

Zsttb* ROD rata 

H8M fW 8HF BD S B. CP*V lOCWie. 

Bn aran pu terlM AhWVW iHMt 

LISTERS 0203 56325 
' Opal 7 -days. 

^ . . 

T^l few We rifar the iH»nt> 
TWBFwferinB IIX sqflpfldfl; 
dm, IniaeiMfr - deSwr >«i. 
nwsWnaiiM/rtodett. KocfeiB-- 
qund Mh order. 

Lmratltairan Rrin '■ 

(0533) 550301 

I rancor sas raouiy esuir 84 

1*000 mUev tnuiVKuUW 
£6.780 01-402 5014. T 
dr. Aut* iOOO mb. £7.680 
PX WanaoHy. 0825 79087* T 



.Specialist dealer , : 
f ?s ; EurtiCaiiferbtey " 
for^our Audi needs 

Tel: ( 0227 ) 457611 . 

AUDI 280 SC. XRe*. perfert too- 
onion, collectors car. metallic 
dark blue, private' owner.- 
40.000 rtlUto. FSH. £4.000- 
TeL 0952 48*04 

AUM XMpD-atoo B rpa ISLOOO 
miles. PAS. Cemral lockiot). 
Eetrtrfc windows and aerial. 
Stereo radio. cw w Bf. taifnacu- 
late. -£7.76a 01 994 5696, 


.Para— «. i«e>or 


' CT Al.y ' 

'1800 CC. 1984 A Rea Sim 
Grey mettKeieith bka tteng . 
stripe, btacE toathes tat Sec 
suftroaf/widows: 25.000 mis. 

£4^00 . 
■04846 71097 

I Take the 

i on your new car 
i -you take the profit, 
■we dq the~woTk - ■ 

Mycar : 

TaL0895 39990/71831/ \ 
72103 > 


\ owe «ier. Cl 2.000. TfHI WOfk i 
•06021-509811. Home 398676. 
BETTER PRICE 0286-68813 

LAND ROVER IO*. VS County. ! 
1983. lull expfdillon. canurtng 
.cgnnnMn Many imrn. MM- I 
lent condflian. S&eoo ono. Trt- 
0705 822S31 exL 5677 ] 

1985. wit He. Miron, rtec 
winch, twin batteries, root- 
rack. ore rear seat, ot re- 
cover* BUIS. 24.000 mK 
•wrath cotta. £iu» 
TrL-102961 *33670 

METRO TURBO 1985. muiuru- 
tele. 4.900 MU only .£4.700 
otto. Trt Ol 7BB 8072 





01-427 4993/4 


• jfltWAff Avrasmsa 

DEALBS ■- : • 

am i JMtt MRMH 4* $*& 
Mi4 ten aAte Wrius. bum 
ranraTTsoo tttaiL I owermaM. 
HM6 JMHM-XJX2flicog gratnr 
-te -empote. £JMO -tirtd. 1 

eww. — a ^BUIt 

teS» (ten ora IHM gray, uc be 
Man. 1 OMip. u «w»- 40000 


AUDI 80 

■ PH6. t pmioilf owner. Biunae- 
.utote in e*eftr- way. service; 
..tiwny For. sale due lo lac* of 
.use.’ £5.999 Otertahed number | 
plate utteMbte TeM020?l 
8888 IB fofflee hours} ' - i 

- . £4,400 ono 
-Tel 0202 474 462 


AM 1 Traser txxjy & mine 
cOrtvrtOPon. V rag..47|000 
-Mbs. MeBMcibtack,.MBd( 

isaOw. svsrior. Out stan plnfl 
madiino. ' _ 

£12,950 : 

XJV-HE A Peg. 1983. mrt brown. 

betgr teaiper. etoctric window*. 
- a|r rond.v stereo 'OKMie. FSH. 
. ejurJlrnl cwndHten. rx-dimTors 
car. 1 .-owner. £11.600. TrtiOl 
. 661 264* - - . 

IWW FW <evBttlM 4J 1983 
. IVw CWoner doe shirk 26.040 
nfM-iAIMIKlrK- unmacuMU-. 
Exchange- cwradered -C8.99S. 
Pm air sale. Trt. 04868 2471 *.' 

ana an raaL uc crass omraC j 
Sotta mb > orate. M 
IMtf 1 WEBB. 

Tote 0382 371B2 


1384 B EHL. BmL Btort- , J 
-feix oorawtoa l&OHr . 

‘ '. H i i ii ie , . . • 

TBfc0903°774 221 daytime 
0903 785 4BT. 


42 1983. BAm. A rag. ex-di- 
rectofs car now fivmd atmnd. 
Vatw upriobtery. etasto 
urariim s . . aopradmildy 
3S .00Q mfcs, land and MOT. 
£7^00. ■ 

Td Sandn 01*550 7802 
Of -Dawt 81-437 57SS 

MWf-M «* Manra-. Tj 
: 'pm no piatri Airron, 52, OOP 
- 'mtiet Yeuaw. wedarto e. root 
. immandate. £6.7*0. 01-001 
0576 IT) 


§M$ 0 a jaguar 

A selection of owprevkNisiy owned Jaguars 

19M (C) Jaguar XJS V12 Crape. Cobalt blue/ 
doeskin, GjOOO miles. 86 Model £21,950, 

1985 (B) Jaguar XJS V12 Coupe. Sage 
graen/doeskki, 17,500 irdes £19,950] 

1986(C) Jaguar Soyweign 41 Sage 
green/tioesfcjn, 6,000 mfles. — — £19^S03 

1985 (C) jaguar Sovereign 4i Sfiver/btack, y 
8.000 mfles. 86 modal—.- i- i £17,950. 

1984 (B) Jaguar Soveteigii 42 Silver- 3 
fend/buckskin, 19^00 miles. £14,950 

1984(B) Jaguar XJS &6 5 Speed manual 0 

Racing Green/biscuit FSH £143508 

yffigjjFull range of demonstration 
i&MM vehicles avaflabte. 


.. WANTED ‘ 

«rr SALMON rwarr mr j— . 
. liar Oaunier Hinder 30.000 
PWrtL burned Lue decision. 
*W"Leis draft nationwide riM- 
irciwn. Trt Marl LewbOi-Jw 
4223 Sunday 0856-303966 

RrthfWM X3S 
* qrjj _iyq o wner. TSH 
EgL® 1 W 2222. Home 0784 

00934 ■■ 




riM SCI 86 rveMcrad 8S model. 
Diamond Him. Him (dour. atr 
cooa m ooB. ABS. ESR. Heebie 
front wn. aUojn. ndlo earn- 
svttr. £31.950 8 O Srattti 
Motor* Ol 778 3262- . 

IN «e ISM 18.000 MM. 
fsh colour AnomcH*. fun 
%©«tnc»non. as new. £27.960 
Office 104231 6011 SI EienUto* 

Mb. Ex vvmdowv * roof. *t* 
rod. CTJKJ. 09906 8075 Door 
. or 09900 2609 Cm AWE 

Z80 C *884 AUTO Mrtatttc roue, 
uuiroaf. 19.000 mm. FSH. 
C9JJ9S. 0203 862835 lEvtOl 

0303 622181 IDarl 

SDO SBC 1983. 36X00 mde* 
with nwerjr.iihef wttb deep 
red-leather- no wee. £21.980 
' . Gedsttoc <08851 803979. 

«Hm 1979. mrt Hue. IroOMr. 
3 ownin' FSH. cfMuffwr Alt- 
ea. aver* road, radio cmarUe- 
£5.993. Trt: 0989 71077 

230TI AUTO ■ RB8. AnthracHr 
mrl creme «etow- A.B3 air 
rmd ri ft wjreJoxv sun roof. 
*pfu roar mL roar faring mm. 
alhn. headlamp wactiwipe. H- 
HunUuM sun viron \anttry 
i m i l u r v . Irani arm ntL radio 
raaaene. Hcmunan etectrtr 
artal. 3 headrest*. l&ooo mtlw 
only tmntaniMr rondwon. 
C1&6SO Prttair sale. Tel 8TB 
9389 or 8X6 9922. 

380 SC 1982, Lapn Hue. 35000 
mm. Oiaroam rar. Ctuuf 
feur maintained^ MimacuUlr 
coodHwn. auto, electric root 
and window*, radio cassette. 
Cl 3000. <5 Brown 058 077361 
work. 0903 680967 home- 
3800 1862 PMroTBbM incur 
inm. Altov winds Air cond. 
Cmue ewi ESR Rear head- 
mts. BrrWr mil etc. Exceilerl 
IhrouahouL 06.996. 0903 

013708 CT1 

1ME X3 - 16 0 — wro th. C rep 
■laie 861 Hue Hack. Warn 
miner. A C. ABS. E w. ESR. 
R C. FllO options. 15.000 KMS. 
UkL at new. 016.680 01-328 
6B8UWI Ol 008 «6K| IH1.T 
288 SC 82 >X> MetamrHue ie- 
tour. Fun wee me ABS. endse. 
Mr rood, allays oOlOOO mtln 
FSH. unmacutow cond toon 
Cl 1.750 PX pats 230 280 E 
or CX Rhone 0276 681 456 T 
500 ICC Aug aa.SUier. Hue ie 
Iom UU. elec seals/ wmdowsf 
roof/ nurrorv-air ron-cas*/rad 
* tianurd saw. on mac raid. 
FSH. 42X00 am £19.996. TeL 
'Ol 923 2323 >20 Hrok 
«H SL rJEF 61BWj 1980 SNver 
blue. Air road- w W. R seal. 
Aton-L Craw. 62800 mb. PX 
Rmot Stater or similar 
CT3.900. Tel. York (OOCMi 416 
300 SuodW 022 909 WMm T 
800 SCL 85 (A>. Champagne 
BAM \etour. Total sow lor 
electric teat*. I owner. 26.000 
twin. A* new. L2L995 0636 
703907 Gun. 0656 703706 Off 
380 SIX 5881 W Oienrnasne 
ito's r. e w in dows. eruKe. al- 
low oixoo owe*. FSH. 1 
owner, Cf 3.995. Of 903 
9471 T 

■ an 1MC Auta. Wadi. fHI 
' DOW body MyhnQ. usual refine 
mmH. M u ii mn a. 20.000 mk. 

Ivan Pege-Rateliff 

HW SB SSJS3 mty del 
HEW 500 SjSSSl. Homed del 

KW 800 E bhR/bbdL ASS. 

itQHf spaced fcvtero « 


HEW 2UE tdver extras £20250 
HEW SO TE Damon) btoa-ESR- 

Harare z>ifc Sn**es4gr 

tram E21.350 

KN BK Ma. Sgralreti A/C U*L “*J£7 

valour ESR salts'. 12J »0n*^ 

Spaeatat n Da Ms sues MMUO 

WMlaor 861547 

WHITE 260 E 

Departing Diplomat 
must sdl- Auta, ate. 3 
months old. 5.000 miles, 
extras. Monte Carlo 

01-883 3225 


* 1983 A 280SE * 

£ Silver Bine. Air cond 2 

* ABS. ESR. RHR. 5 

* 28.000 miles. Dealer ★ 

* history. Superb * 

$ £15,350 * 

t 01-948 8986 1 

* ' m * 


May H Nautical but metallic, 
cream We. derate control a/t 
memory MB. stereo. aBoy 

mint conOtan 


01-235 8128 or 45 (days) 
01-747 1852 (Me S) 

330 C 1980. 32X00 iMIe*. Chan* 
pagne MetaMr. efectnc roof, 
alloy wheels. aurewnM radio 
rajortre. immaculate. 1 owner 
stare new. £10X00. 029 661 

I B H WP MBW. A Rea- No- 
i ember 83 Meltfuc Green. 
09.000 mNfs. Fun History 
Cureflanl Condition Cl 1.960 
Tel: 0204 536373 'wki 
osoo 670026 levrsi 

90 SeC Ca noe. Beat 82. Cyprus 
mrumr preen- Ml extra*. Car 
Tel. aoprox 1 1.000 m. in excel- 
lew rood £20.000 ono. Pieete 
nnq Wentworth >099001 2608 

Offrre Hours' 

COUK2SOCEB4M 1982.08000 
mile*, aauamorwe. usual nee 
inrol extras, sen ice hbtonr 
C93O0. TefcOI 422 9793 (Dr 

180 I B Reg. Hue with brown 
tnicrtar. ' rogrettobiy haie to 
sell, ten pond common, radio. 
casMXie. sunroof. aHoy wtaeeK 
Cl l .000 ono TCUOTBB) 87018 



Mercedes Benz main 
dealers. Underwriters 
for late and low mile* 
age Mercedes. 


BURGCDC8. For the best price on. 
rour ute low nutaage Me r redr s 
okw rliw 0705 768909 at 
onvtimr T 



ry 999 immrdtair iranofer 
£>L &&/. C27SO Td Ayr 

(0282) 2801X1 aay tto ia. 

1882 CCW S C« ComrrlllHr 
DM nun Dow roof -Full Disto- 
n- a oil usual extra*- 32X00 
ml lei £06.960 Would fonuUer 
PX saloon DR. Splnl or Sour or 
Sterrrdes «- 0474 367 BH7 

ga fl teje 

r v ((’ 

~ H .'»! .■:>(' 1.7.1 J 

7f SHADOW Peacock mn 
ow ba>oa ridb. piped bhm. 
S9JOOO mts. FSH. E1S£5B 
79 SHADOW Haney goto ««h 
magntfto tod#. 56.000 mis. 

CMMBOUE SeyctMOes Hue 
Over CanhboBR Woa. 5QJOOO 
mts. FSH. C2A5BQ 

Hod. 41.000 mis. 82BJB0 
A Selection otHoasRayca Is 
Ahrays Awueue. 

Fee deads triepbone: 

gaOTtnraO, Sdear. 5 wed. AU9 
iu iBi nur* mb. sirei 
Mirwaof .hr- ipikL Uerco Cler 
artbd. I uwvim Horn new full 
btab vmrr hruorv. 1* ftan 
rood CHJXkJ. 01-346 9006 
MtX Ol 636 4701 OfUce 
ns 800 5 Dour aulo. Hm r««f- 
1982 X. imnur me! brawn 
C5.B7S ono Td Ol 673 2889 
900 TURBO 3-Or l"86 June. 
Mark * roof, e -window*, real 
lark C8.47S LxOndpe 36596 
900 TURBO AUTO 84 PlaLJMue. 
■* r. uereo. rnlbe. 29.000m 
CT 2SO. LKbrldpe 30596 


Waliington, Surrey 

1«2 ROLLS WBfCE S*w Spot 

12.000 ms ta&SM 

080 KHXS BOYCE S4wr 
Stath. 55.000 mis- - £19550 

ran ROUS ROTOE S«er 

Sfiadow 46500 nus ET7SS0 

1977 ROUS ROTO SAm* Stodge 

(scobs. D. E&000 mis £15550 

Satew. 60000 aiB £12550 

AD with service hstrey & avaiJ- 
3Me mtft 12 months warranty 

01-647 4473 

1973 (M) 

Latfl gneUFami Ml 1 
ounar met ibn. 40.000 
ndes. omen tw ufly ml 
Ooufter onto, foot contf* 
Uk>. doewwited W tosusy. 


Brtghha 73Z48S 


Regstmn 1978 
ShsO Grey over Caribbean Bus. 
UgM blue Wittier. Stecestar 
mgs. FSH. Immaodns cnrutt. 
txn. Chauffer dnven and 


X REQ Honoy imtaite wtti 
brown Mde & Everflex roof. 
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Extra racing will 
help Henley to 
pay for expansion 

By Jim SaQtoa 

Henley Royal Regalia., who 

have invested over £1 million in 
their new plush headquarters 
adjoining Henfey Bridge, expect 
almost £1 million: turnover mis 
year. No doubl they will achieve 
their aim. . . 

For the first time m-the 1474 
year history' of the Roydl Re- 
gatta. there will be five days 
racing, starting on July 2* with 
32 3 crews and scullers having 
entered the 14 events — the 
second highest- The home entry 
is a record 272, although over- 
seas entries (51) are 63 per cent 
down on last year. Nevertheless 
there are strong entries from 
Canada. Denmark, Ireland. 
France. New Zealand. West 
Germany and the United States.’ 

The University of London 
Tyrian Club defend the Ste- 
wards' Challenge Cup and their 
main opponents are Hansa 
portmund-Witten, the. reigning 
world champions in coxless 
fours. Tyrian beat the West 
Germans five weeks ago in 
Mannheim, so this should be a 
test for strong nerves. The 
Grand has attracted four eights. 
They are the British national 
eight, rowing as Nautilus, the 
French squad designate, and the 
American universities of Penn- 

S lvania and Wisconsin. The 
teen Mother Challenge Cup is 
destined to stay at home with 

lure the Silver Goblets', together 
with Andy Holmes, his fellow 
Olympic gold medal winner. 
One wonders whether Redgrave 
should ease up a little. He has an 
incredible racing schedule ahead 
with Lucerne, the Common- 
wealth Gaines (where he is 
likely to treble' up) and the 
World Championships. It would 
be a shame to drain his enor- 
mous talent in the Thames 
Valley, especially against Ewan 
Pearson and David Riches, of 
Molesey, who are seeking their 
third successive win in the 
Silver Goblets'. 

' A Polish -crew have entered 
the Royal Regatta for the first 
time in 14 years in the Prince 
Phillip. They will provide a 
tongue twister for the an- 
nouncers - “Azs Szczecin and 
Azs Wroclaw**: "The Poles are 
coached by Theo Kocerka, who 
. won the Diamonds’ in 1955-6. 

-’ The -Princess -Elizabeth -has 
attracted JO schools, including 
Hampton; the holders, while the 
Special Race for Schools has 22 
entries, including Shrewsbury, 
who have won the event five 
times in six years, but will 
' regard St Ed wards' with consid- 
erable respect. 

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Calls for 

. /. By Bryan Stiles 

As ftitain's contfogent of 
Formula Two drivers prepare ia 
(he United ^ates today for this 
weekend's Augusta grand prix. 
.the ™«n topic mder discussion | 
remains the tragedy in the 
Bristol City docks which 
claimed the life of Jorgen 
. Askgaard, the Danish driver,. 
Jast .weekend again patting a' 
.qaestibii mark over the future of ~ 
■ the ^hazardous dockland- riremt. 

- as a venue for the WwM Serid: 

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dubs before they can receive an ■ 
endorsement to race in national 
events, and then have to be 
watched by officials in three 
national events before they are 
recommended for an ater- 
aational licence. British drivers 
are keen that this kind of 
procedure be adopted by other 

The Royal Yachting Associ- 
ation (RYA) will consider 
BristoTs race licence for next 
season after receiving the report 
of their official observer at the 
race, Mr Richard Solomons. 
They wiD also get a copy of the. 
report being compiled for the 
organizers, Bristol City Council, ■ 
by Cotswolds Motorboat Racing . 
Club, who ran the races. 



Knox lured 
back to 

In an atlirinpt to regain the 
Scottish League championship 
they lost to Celtic. last season, 
Aberdeen are to pin their faith 
on managerial power sharing. It 
was announced yesterday that 
Archie Knox, the Dundee man- 
ager. would be reluming to 
Piuodrie to team up with Alex 
Ferguson, but with the latter 
retaining “overall control". 

- The" announcement- 'ended 
."speculation that . Ferguson — 
•.who resigned hs Scotland's 
“caretaker'*-: .manager at .the 
-week end —was about to leave to 
jpm’ a leading English cluBTlt 

also .freveai? ; Aberdeen's 
• detemtiriatiod do becorte^once 
araioi'-die ctiuniiys -premier 

tfub. " _ 

•v Northern supporters will hail 
the announcement with delight. 
Before Knox left to take over « 
Dundee he was a jumor partner 
at Piuodrie and was part of a 
winning combination which 
helped Aberdeen to win the 
European Cup-Winners’ Cup 
and ‘ countless domestic 
. honours. 

.. Despite Scotland’s, inglorious 
Jgxit from' -the Worid Cup. -the 
approach of the new- season -is 
creating excisemen! in Scotland, 
with Aberdeen determined not 
to be put in- the shade by recent 
developments, at Ibrox, where 
the new management team of 
Graeme Sou ness and Walter 
Smith have been accepted 
appreciatively by Scotland's 
largest, but most disgruntled, 

Aberdeen's directors are be- 
lieved to have promised the 
management team £1 million to 
spend on players, one of whom 
could be Robertson, the young 
Heart of Midlothian forward 
whose : contract has expired • 

» Steve Head, a -part-time foot- 
baller with - . Reading, last 
season’s third division cham- 
- pions. is giving up bi$ job as a 
' derk with the.local council in an 
attempt to break into the big 
time. Head, aged 22. has played 
for Reading's reserves for .the 
last six seasons, but has yet to 
play first-team football. 

Confident he can get into the 
first team, but only through 100 
per cent commitment, the 
player is joining the club full- 
time for no wages. 

Roma appeal 

Zurich (Reuter) — An appeal 
by Roma ugainst a one-year bon 
imposed by UEFA following an 
alleged bribery scandal will be 
heard here bn July 2.-eight days 
before the first-round draws for 
next season's three major Euro- 
pean dub competitions. Roma 
are eligible to take part in the 
Cup winners' Cup. 



waukae Brews 3. Tbraim BJyd J*w t; 
Oakland AWeacs 1. Kansas City Royals 0; 
Cleveland Mans 5. SwMs Manure i: 
Damn raws 6. Baiwnore Ortoiw 1; Boston 
-Rad So* 5. Naw Vort Yankees a. Caltoma 

Cuts 5. PlteHMBlBB Pittas 4; Montreal 
Eipoe 7. N ear York Mats-* LO* Anoeles 
Dodoare 5. AttaAta Breves i. S> Lows 
Carana* «. Msturati Aretes 2%: San 
Franoaco Cans B, San Diego Pafltes 3 


Kenuw Souk s. Sourafiete fc CowCrey 
Park 7. Samam 4. MatienKrowe 6‘4. Las 
Ooaes »eas B: Body snep tT Frasere 5. 


bourne); Brrstot ’ 
srtpstai Rfrtands 






Gwydion should relish Longboat turns tide for Carson 

return to sprinting 
in King’s Stand Stakes 

; 'Gwydion, a one-time lead- 
ing fency for this year's 1,000 
Guineas, is taken to make a 
triumphant return to sprinting 
at Royal Ascot today by 
winning the prestigious King's 
.'Stand Stakes over five 

Once nicknamed the “Get- 
ting Out Stakes" when it was 
die last race of the entire 
meeting, it is certainly no such 
thing today with Nomination, 
Stalker. Last Tycoon, 
Hallgate, and Double 
Schwartz also boasting good 

As a two-year-old, Gwydion 
showed blistering speed to win 
the Queen Mary Stakes in a 
fast time at this meeting. In 
the Spring of this year, she was 
going so well in her gallops on 
Newmarket Heath that Henry 
Cedi, her trainer, was opti- 
mistic that she wourd book her 
place in the Guineas field by 
winning the Fred Darling 
Stakes at Newbury in ApriL 

However, the combination 
of very soft ground and seven 
furlongs proved her undoing, 
and she could finish only 
fourth. So since that day, her 
training bas been geared with 
today's valuable group one 
sprint in mind, and I am led to 
believe that her preparation 
bas gone like clockwork. 
Nomination, who took high 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

whatever else happens. But 
the fact remains Stalker made 
a disappointing start to the 
season at Lmgtreld where he 
finished only fourth behind 
HaJIgaie. who won the Corn- 
wallis Slakes over today's 
course and distance on his 
only previous visit to Ascot 
last autumn. 

It is with more hope than 
confidence that Prince Sky is 
napped to give Paul Cote his 
third taste of success in the 
Wokingham Stakes, following 
Calibina's initial triumph in 
1 977. and Queen's Pride, three 
years later. 

What had undermined my 
confidence is the uncertainty 
about the draw. However, 
considering Cote’s excellent 
record in this race, I was 
interested to discover earlier 
this week that the new master 
of Whatcombe has had his 
eyes set on today's prize ever 
since Prince Sky ran so well to 
finish third at Newbury four 
weeks ago. 

When Cole lays out a horse 
especially for one race, they 
are seldom wide of the mark, a 
comment that Otabari under- 
lined on Tuesday when he so 
□early won the Ascot Stakes. 

Arguably, I would have 
preferred Prince Sky to have 
been drawn low after the way 

rank in the Free Handicap last 
year, is another who would 
have been Guineas-bound if 
he had passed his classic trial 
with honours. But like 
Gwydion, he too blatantly 
failed to stay so he reverted to 
sprinting and ran at The 
Curragh in May in readiness 
for today. 

Nomination seems certain 
to be up there all the way, and 
with Paul Cole's horses in 
such fine form, I expect him to 
run really well without being 
quite good enough to hold 

A line through Nashia 
should encourage belief that 
Stalker can beat the French 
challenger. Last Tycoon. 

Glorious Goodwood is the 
next major soda! occasion in 
the racing calendar and 26 
readers of The Tones - plus a 
companion each - can win a 
trip to Goodwood which this 
year runs from July 29 to 
August 2. Full derails of bow 
to win a weekend at Goodwood 
will be published in The Times 

that the Hunt Cup worked out 
on Wednesday. But there are 
sufficient strongly-fancied 
runners drawn high near 
Prince Sky today to make me 
think that he may not be at 
disadvantage after all. What is 
certain is that his jockey, 
Richard Quinn, will be brim- 
ful with confidence having 
won the Hunt Cup on 

Ho Me Chinh. Padre Pio, 
who was my nap on the 
corresponding occasion 12 
months ago, and the improv- 
ing Sharpetto look the pick of 
Prince Sky's opposition in 
what is unquestionably a wide 
open race. But no more open, i 
suggest than the Britannia 

In trying to unravel- this 
IMizzle. I have come up with a 
short-list comprising the top 
weight Santelia Mac. Mister 
Wonderful, the much-im- 
proved Vague Shot, and 

Well that Mister Wonderful 
should go now that he is 
wearing blinkers for the first 
time. I believe that the tightly- 
raced and under-exposed Di- 
las could be a blot on this 

In the absence of Seismic 
Wave. Kirmann, who has won 
first time out for the past two 
seasons, can land the Hard- 
wicke Stakes, and give Mi- 
chael Dickinson an overdue 
first Flat success at the ex- 
pense ofDubian. 

At the start of the pro- 
gramme, the Windsor Castle 
Stakes can go to Carol's 
Treasure now that there ap- 
pears to be so little to choose 
between Singing Steven, 
Lucianaga, and Battleaxe, 
judged on their Bath running. 

Finally, Brnnico can wm the 
Queen Alexandra Stakes. Rod 
Simpson's versatile grey, who 
excelled himself when win- 
ning the Ormonde Stakes at 
Chester, was then far from 
disgraced at Sandown where 
he finished sixth behind Long- 
boat in the Henry II Stakes. 

By Michael Seely 

Dick Hern and Willie Carson 
received handsome compensa- 
tion for their misfortunes so far 
this week- when Longboat gal- 
loped to an exhilarating fiyc- 
. lengths .victory over Eastern 
Mystic in the Ascot Gold Cup 

A close second lo Gildorarr in 
the same race last year. Long- 
boat certainly made no mistake 
on this occasion. After Eastern 
Mystic had forced the pace on 
the final circuit. Carson took the 
even-money favourite into the 
lead approaching the straight, 
and from that point the race 
became a procession. 

Eastern Mystic finished only a 
head in front of Spicy Story, and 
Luca Cumani said that the 
runner-up had broken down 
during the race. “Pat Eddery 
said that he felt him go lame in 
Swinley Bottom, so he's run the 
last six furlongs on three legs. 
He's an absolute hero, and we'll 
now give him a good rest lo see 
if we can get him back." 

Hern had previously won 
.Ascot's coveted trophy with 
Liule Wolf in 1983, and Dick 
Hollingsworth, Longboat's 
owner-breeder, had also had 
near-misses when Torpid was 
runner-up to Levmoss in 1969, 
and when Sea Anchor finished 
third to Sagaro in 1976. Mr 
Hollingsworth had been breed- 
ing horses for over 30 years, and 
one of his most important 
successes was achieved when 
Birr me won the Oaks In 1980. 

Speaking from his home in 
West Ilsley. Hern said: “I'm 
particularly glad for the owner, 
as he hasn't had much luck in 
recent years. I thought Longboat 
was unlucky last year, and- be 
certainly did it in tremendous 
style today. 1 should think he's 
now likely to go for the 
Goodwood Cup." 

On Tuesday, Bedtime was 
rather unluckily beaten in the 
Prince of Wales’s Stakes, and on 
Wednesday. Carson had re- 
ceived a seven-day suspension 
for careless riding when Vouch- 
safe was disqualified after win- 
ning the Bessborough Stakes. “I 
suppose you have to say that 
this has eased the pain a little." 
said the trainer wryly. 

Hern broke his back in a 
hunting accident in Leicester- 
shire in December, 1984, and a 
few months later, fractured a leg 
in a fell at home. The Royal 
trainer's many friends will be 
pleased to hear that he is 
continuing to make satisfactory 
progress, and that he is now 
walking with the aid of a frame. 

After Bourbon Boy had fin- 
ished eighth in the big race. 
Anthony Stroud revealed that 

Longboat and . Willie Carson storming dear in yesterday's Gold Cup -at Royal Ascot 

(Photograph: John Yoos). 

Sheikh Mohammed had bought 
Untold, Bob Cowell's filly, who 
finished runner-up to Midway 
Lady in the Oaks, “Bob breeds 
some marvellous horses, and 
we're delighted to have acquired 
some of his blood." said the 
sheikh's racing manager. “We 
are now planning to run Untold 
in the Irish Oaks." 

Lord Halifax. Bedtime!s 
owner, -enjoyed belter fortune 
when Pat Eddery produced Gull 
Nook with a devastating late run 
lO beat Mill On The Floss in the 
Ribblesdale Slakes. With four 

victories already to his credit, 
Eddery looks certain to win the 
Ritz Club Charity Trophy, 
awarded to the leadtog rider at 
the meeting. 

Sired by Mill Reef and out of 
a half-sister to Shirley Heights, 
Gull Nook will make a priceless 
addition to her owner's stud 
- when her racing career is oyer. 
On her only other appearance, 
the three-year-old won the 
Middleton Stakes at the York 
Spring meeting. 

“1 didn't think that she was 
the type for Epsom, so have 

given her plenty of time." said 
John Dunlop, the winning 
trainer. “She's obviously a very 
good filly, and I think that the 
owner would now like to see her 
carry his colours in the York- 
shire Oaks at his home 

fn tne opening Cork and 
Orrery Stakes. Carson bad again 
been forced to put up wiih 
second place when Cyrano de 
Bergerac was beaten a short 
head by Paul Eddery on Sperry. 
The former champion rode an 
inspired finish on the favourite. 


Televised: BBC1: 230, &5, &45. BBC2: 420. 
Going: fern Draw: no a dv a nt a ge 

130 WINDSOR CASTLE STAKES (2-y-o: £11126: 5f) (10 runners) 







31232 ALXAOt 
211 CAROL 1 
2211 SMGMG 

I (HI (II Wnifl W Ottoman 94 . 
. < s TREASURE (D) (tore C Lane) E 
SNAP (Mm (Exore S Crowd) A h 

Bias 94 . 

lEmre S Crowe) A toghan B -4 _ 
S Barnett)" R Harmon 94 . 
33 BATTlEJUEjC Cotoridga Cola) JTaftar 8 - 11 . 


PMaUnS- 11 . 

322 JOEY BLACK (MreF Forts) Mss J Morgan (Ire) 8 - 11 . 
22 UICIANAGA (Mrs R Hambro) P Welwyn 8 -tl^^H 
4 HwiearaigHWiiiiiiii 

R Curat 10 
_ BROOM 3 

420 KING’S STAND STAKES (Group k £48,828: 5f) (14) 

401 022200 AMIGO LOOO Brassey 5-93 — 

402 0212-11 DOUBLE SCHWARTZ (D) (R Sengster) C Nets 

403 1120-30 PETROVICH (C-OH 1 Hagan) R Hannon 4-93 

404 2030-00 P 0 LYKRAT 1 S (M PmtEOSl M E Rands 4-93 

405 002330 SHARP ROMAMCE (USAXO) (She** M Al Sab 

DQB«p 4«7 ^ 4^043 

1(0 Petard 




PartEddvy 2 

- S Cautttan 9 

- Pa! Eddery 6 

4 Q 7 2030-03 ATALL A 

2-1 CsroTs Treasure. 3-1 Sto^ig Steven. 4-1 Copper Red. 6-1 Luctonaga. 8-1 
Battleaxe. 10-1 AtaA. 14-1 ottiere 

FORM: ALKAOI (9-1) 51 2nd to Wtaanthoroe (8-1 1 ) 

Jun 1 2. 5 ran). CAROL’S TREASURE (9-1 ) 1 CJoiM 

11 ) ( 61 . raOW. good. Jun 9. 5 rani Q&CK SNAP ( 8 - 11 ) made aU to beet 
( 8 - 11)31 at Sandown fSf. £ 2979 , firm. Jim 14 . Bran). SINGING STEVEMlS- 4 ) 
hold LUCIANAGA ( 6 - 11 ) by a rack a Bathfif 167 yd. £ 2902 . aood. Jim 2. 19 
BATTLEAXE ( 8 - 11 ) short head away 3 r d. HEW MEXICO ( 6 D)fl 4 tti» subsets 

entry States wfcmw Cutting Btede (9-0) H 

) at Beverley ( 5 f. £ 4970 , good to firm. 
2 W Goodwood wxwer from San tana Gre y (B- 
SNAP ( 8 - 1 1 ) node an to beat COPPER RHI 
- — an out to 

ran) with 
4 th lo subsequent Cov- 
at Leicester ( 5 f. £ 964 . tarn. Jisi 9, 9 ran). 


408 022-000 FAYRUZ 

409 11-3041 HALLOA 

410 OKMH 1 LAST 

411 110402 HOMBIAT 

412 34121-4 STALKER 

413 11-4 GWYDOR 

414 22224-4 WELSH 

Smt*re *7 
„ Pat Eddery 5 
BThomon 12 

J Retd 4 

(USAXB) (Shefitfi M Al Sabah) B Hantwrji^ g 

l)(KFischar)W Hastings-Bass 4^0 WRSwMuniTt 
(A Mrtwarrf) M Pipa 39-8-: — _ — ^MJKJoaueS 

• ‘ W Ottoman 3*9 PWattoil 

Racing) Miss S Hal 3*8 W Carson 1 

RCoBat(Fi )684 CA— i— m 14 

njPCoto 6 B -9 TQufanU 

PWahvyn 3-8-3 PtaEddwyZ 

(S Nrecfao) H Cedi 666 SCMthenl 

" Moriemraed) I Bakflng 3 - 8-8 lives 13 


7-2 Last Tycoon. 4-1 Double Schwartz. 5-1 HWgats. 8,1 Nomination. 6-1 Oeydon, 
• t 1 z -1 Storm --- 

iWemnq, 14-1 WMMi Note. 18-1 others. 

Royal Ascot selections 

By Mandarin 

2.30 Carol's Treasure. 3.5 Kirmann. 3.45 PRINCE SKY (nap). 4.20 
Gwydion. 4.55 Dallas. 5 JO Brunico. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.30 Alkadi. 3.5 Iroko. 3.45 Ho Mi Chinh. 4.20 Gwydion. 4.S5 Dal- 
las. 5.30 Inde Pulse. 

By Michael Seely 

3.45 Boot Polish. 4.20 GWYDION (nap). 4.55 Santelia Mac (each- 

3 S HARDWfCKE STAKES (Group II: £31,412 1m 4f) (10) 

FORM: DOUBLE SCHWAHTZ ( 96 ) had PETHOVICH ( 9 - 0 ) 2 X 1 tack to 3 rd when easy 
Sandown winner ( 5 t Group 3 , El 91 70 . good. May 28. 10 ran).' The slow storting SHARP 
ROMANCE ( 96 ) was INI further back and FAYRUZ ( 8-51 a nother VM away BttL 
HALLGATE ( 8 - 3 ) had ATALL ATALL ( 8 - 3 ) YA back 3 rd whan Ungfieid winner (« btad. 
£ 8645 . good. June 3. 9 ran). STAUKBt ( 63 ) was 21 away 4 th. FAYRUZ ( 64 ) mother 2 KI 
tack Sto and POLYKRAuS ( 90 ) 7 th. In 1985 HALLGATE ( 9 - 0 ) just got up to beat 
FAYRUZ ( 96 ) nk at Ascot <51 Grow 3 . £ 1 1994 , good. Oct 12. 13 ran). WB-SH NOTE ra- 
il) was %i back hi 4 tt».LA 9 nYCOom/ 2 LCtientoy<Mnner tost rime ( 5 f). previously (B- 
13 ) beat STORM WARNMG( 9 - 11 hd and nk into 3 rd at Longctiamp ( 5 f Group 3 . £ 17242 . 
good to soft. Miry 11 ). NOlWiATlON 2 nd in tretend last fine, ran beet race of 1965 when 
2'h\ Goodwood winner ( 8 - 11 ) from Green Desert ( 3 - 11 ) (W Group 2 . £ 39800 , good to 
soft. Jut 31 . 10 ran}. STALKER ( 8 - 1 1 ) was 41 back 3 rd and ATALL ATALL ( 8 - 1 1 ) further II 
away 5 th. GWYDtON 4 th over 71 on soJtgrouid this yeer. last season (861 beat WELSH 
NCrre j 8 - 8 ) Group 3 . £ 20067 , good to firm. June 19. 14 ran). 

206 01112-1 DWSTAN (HHAga Khan) MStou» 4 - 69 - 

207 0111-24 MONO (IAS A Reset!) M StoaW 4-66 

209 D 232-13 LBMHBXgJj^S Mntun) M BtanshoRl 466 — 

210 0414)02 RANGE ROVER (BF) (Lord Derby) J Writer 4 - 8 -fl. 
212 1 / 22331 - HUMAN (MOtwda) A Stewart * 68 . 

Pat Eddery 7 

WRSwWa*n 3 

R Cochranes 

Three S 

II Roberta 8 

3-1 Theatrical. 7-2 Dubtan. 4-1 Iroko, 61 Orhstan, 61 Kamann, 161 Neman. 12-1 
StHBarton. 14-1 others. 










455 BRITANNIA STAKES (Handicap: 3-y-o cods and geldings: 
£11,720: 1m) (27) 

A MAC <D)(RTaianO)G Harwood 67 G Starkey 28 

[Rnce A SaSnan) G Harwood 9-4 ACJw* 24 

r BOY (Stwkh Mohammed) M Suita 96 WRSwUemlO 

216333 asm WONDERFUL 

14-00 BARCLAY 

611 tOGHT GUT PERHAPS, . „ „ 

11 - NAVARZATO (Marquraa de MoratMto) tfhhesther 68 R Codeine 12 

306111 VAGUE SHOT (D) (AArthany) C tagen 68 ( 5 ex) PC*** 7 

021 DALLAS (USA) (R [Xchossoe) L Curanl 67 PatEddery l 

0212-10 HLLS BID HISAAD) (Sheikh MolwimedJB His 66 BThorasoelS 

3-12 GEORGIA RIVER (USA) (A Paulson) ODoueb 68 CAaBwesnlJ 

31-0 HAPPY BREED (R Boucher) CBnttaw 65 GBntarS 

02612 HAUWMAL (BP) ( 9 w 4 di Mohammed) w Hem 63 W Canon 23 

1-41240 1 IU 0 RK (O) (H Al-Makkun] C Bensread 8-2 B Roust 9 

020 BEAU SHER (O ZamaOB Hantury 62 — MHMi 17 

FORM: NEMAM ( 9 - 0 ) 13 SH 5 tti ot 10 to SaW Estephe ( 94 B at Epsom (im 41 . 

m 41 . group 1 , 
( 60 ) 8 th. Last 

(Mrs R Johnaon) PMUchel 61 
EWeyraas 61 

l AfO IVORY ( 67 ) beat Oaun ( . 

E 45 . 20 S. heavy. Sep 1.7 ran). ST HlLARtON ( 611 ) completed hat-trick with 3 1 
feat ol Old Country (im 41 . group 1 . C 52 D 01 , good, Oct 20. 7 ran). KIRMANN moderate 
3 rd (ral staa first turn out ( 67 ) beat Juokct Island (671 9 at Newmar k et (Im 4 f. 
£ 23 . 190 . good to km, May a 8 ran). THEATRICAL 11 th in USA on final start eeAer ( 60 ) 
*-.-l 2 nd to Law Socwty m mh Derby at The Curragh (Im 41 . £ 144375 . good. Jun 29. 13 
ran). DOBSTAN ( 611 ) 13 Goodwood wmner trom Line Ol Fire ( 611 ) Mm 21 Hstad. 
£ 11219 . heavy. May 21 . 7 ran) with ST HBARION ( 96 ) lasLIROKO ( 613 ) 2 VI 4 V) ol 7 to 
Bednme 9 - 1 Q at Sandown (im 2 f. groups. E 164 &. good. May 27 ). LEHHKX ( 60 ) 8 )M 
3 rd to Brumco ( 610 ) at Chester (im 5 ( 88 yd. group £ £ 24614 . son. May 8. 8 ran) with 
□OLD AND IVORY ( 64 ) 14 V 1 I back m 6 th. 

S electi on : THEATRICAL 

7) 41 at Baden-Baden (im 4(. 

BCreadey 25 

Pare Eddery 19 

J Cam ( 7 ) IB 

8 Whitworth IS 

T Qnksi 20 

529 031-30 SUPER PUNK (J Maxwel) M Fetheraton-Godley 7-10 MLTbomaS 

530 21400-0 TRY HARDER (A F Budge Equas Ud) Jimmy Fitzgerald 7-10 _ M Roberts 4 

532 4013 IANDSXI (B IA*w>Mlfcon) R Sropson 7-7 AUacfcay 22 

533 923430 MBWKHH Prince Y SaudlS Ncrton 7-7 — .TWhnll 

524 211-010 STLVAH^^^M^HH 

525 32-3201 KHYF (D) (Lady H cSa WaMer.) E W 

526 12-1132 KBDMNfG Brass) DLB«ig 61 ^^^^^H 

527 02-2112 MEET 11 E GREOtOR (P Gotamki^ D Lang 7 - 12 . 

528 033402 JOHN SAXON (Sir gWhdp) M StDute 7-11 

534 2 -IZtOO BELOW ZStOm)(TRamsden}ABaaey 7 - 7 . 

538 492240 BOOFY (RE A 8 ott Ud)CNStai 7-7 GDtdda 

61 Verdant Boy. 61 Santefla Mac. 7-1 Mister Wonderful, 61 Ifight Out Pertreps. 
Vague Shot 161 Lsktski, Dalas. 12-1 HRs Bid. HauwmaL l*-l ottiere. 

wkiner from MEETTHE GREEK ( 8 - 10 ) pm. 


s 2KI further back m 5th. ! 

3.45 WOKINGHAM STAKES (Handicap: £19,586: 6f) (30) 

003113 BQUP (BHDHBFHD Uaiey) N TWdar 4-610- 
400611 HOMCHmH(D)fPBuH1CB^^^^^ra 


303 ■ 

304 006010 ALTRUH 

305 206000 OURJOGq 

306 216000 DORKING ■ 

307 046000 YOUNG INCA 
309 360000 MANIMSTAR 

311 224000 SAILOR'S ■ 

312 0011-42 HATOUM 

313 000611 ^HHRl 

314 021220 TYROLUE 

315 04*3000 BRH^H 
mm uBi-02 pAMcrol 

309010 LAUREl 

Br«am 4 - 68 . 
S Meier 664 . 

(Lord McAIpnelR anyth 

) (Mrs P Brown) MBanshard 4 - 62 . 

Baswel) L Count* 692. 

w oiia » « nasnaema ir-iui at nayoock (im. 
YF ( 7 - 11 ) and HKXS BID ( 611 ) were out crfRrst 9 . 
i iWl Haydoek from KEDRON( 67 )( 71 . E 4253 ,»good, 
stabielKI Brighton mdn winner from Mawsun( 9 - 0 ), 

8 Thomson IS 

1460 P Cook 22 

.. . ... -90 Tlves 2 S 

GREYS (D) (Ms D GNeson) C A BM 4613 . J Leech m 28 
’ D'A'ngdor-GokfanVd) N Vigors 4613 . S Dawson ( 3 ) 10 






6i04i» cos?yragiTjP) 

I (J CwchanowskO P WaMyn 5613 . 
«G WN« 0 Artuthnffl 5612 ■■ 
(C Paptoemou) S Dow 7611 M 
( (A 6 ndey) M UcCout 4610 
■MM|J Bosley MMMa 

_.G Harwood 368 . 
E 0 * 17 - 98 .. 

£3485. good. June 3. 9 ran), mudrik 
( 67)41 flnghton winner from Hymn Of 
tan). MSltH WOMBEHRJU60) 1 3rd of 1 
£17220. good to soft. May 24). KNYF (7-11) and 
tmprovvn VAGUE SHOT (610) won -" s " 

June 8. 10 ran). DALLAS p-0) comto 

wmner same (71. £2814, jood to firm. Ktay 29, 17 ran). GEORGIA flrVER ($-9) 31 2nd Ot 9 
to Native Oak (61 IV at Goodwood (71. Effl86 _oood. June 9). MMSKV (67) was a back 
401. LANOSM (610) 2f 3rd to Lady Sophra — 

£2429. gooa June 14. 7 ran). 

Sefecttoo: LANDSK1 

SJ30 QUEEN ALEXANDRA STAKES (£10,725: 2m 6f 34yd) (10) 

602 010434 INDE PULSE (R McAtptns)J HMAsy 46-3 MWtaS 

603 010120 
605 03211-3 RAVARO 

V7) bi stakes event at Laicestar (im 2L 

(R McAUne) J 
EAD <q (D Men) D Ehwortti 563- 
(BH (J Crowley) J Crawtsy W 68 
I rr Ramsden) R ampeon 4613 — 

Smpeon 4 

*4)m« E Puree* (ke) 5612 

(D Tyter) Ms N South 8612 . 

Vn») D Bswodh 468 

(T Jenrtngs) D Thom 368 — ML 

GSNricey 30 

J Winter 5-1 

U Aibrta368(7ex) . 

040384 PERFECT’ 

3Z2 423490 COOKES (. 

323 043803 TRANSFLASH 

324 048040 ALL AGREED i 

325 Mil SHARPETTO ( 

326 000040 NATIVE SUER {FftBVD) (A fldUfttSlC Aradn 467 NOH-RUWER 18 

327 0114-43 PRINCE SKY TO (S Crown) P Cole 468 TQehsi27 

328 000900 PUCOW (DUA DonatdsonjR Arnfikong 465- — U Roberts 28 

329 0104-10 BOOT POUSH (UXBF) (G Parianson) J W Waits 465 NCoswtonS 

330 290140 KSH COOOEJD) (Lord Matthews) I Matthews 465 HOex) W Woods (3)6 

331 912204 G0U) PROBPKT TO (HSpack)GBattng 463 J WUamso) 

332 310144 POWDER BLUE fnffl Marctiantj P Mafon 461 AMcGtoeol 

334 2/23340 SHOW HOME (BV iwigden) G Hutter 461 MNBar 3 

8-1 Malou.S-1 Ptnip. 191 Ta 

Mi Chrtl. 161 Koryphed^PnnoB Sky. frtsh CoBtoe. 161 PBffea ^rTWT g ^etoC 

608 091019 BRUWCOrrf 

607 lARO WCWTtM reSPMBal) 

608 02030 SONY COFFER (D Tyter) Mra 

609 002144 THE JOKER (ffl) (Lady Harts) G Bskttng 6612 

611 4-00342 OTABARI (F Seknan) P Crte 468 

G13 LIVE M HOPE ftos C Abn) D Murrar-SriWi 462 

614 240420 SESiA8E(GER)(K Eng) P Hughes (n) 462 

5-2 Brontca 61 ktde Prese.4-1 Otabari, 61 Ravaro, 191 Jarnesmaad, 12-1 SHny 
Copper. 191 The Joker. 291 others, 

FORM: RAVARO (68) 4 3rt to R*mg (6S) at ’nppBrery wtth SEEHASE (65) 20 away 
6th. lest year (612) 21vl 2nd n tm race behind very easy winner ValwUe Witness (63) 
on good ground. BRUMCO (61 1) lust under a Bth to Gold Cup vwnner Loncfioat (611) 
st &ndpwn(2m Groupa £18875. good. May 26. lOran). OTABARI (61) bead rurner-u) 
to Rjdu Ta*L (7-1.0) on opening day Ot the meeting, IHOE PULSE (610) 41 4th and 
•UMESMEAD (8^ behhfl (2m V. £8648. ftm. Juno 17. 16 ran). In 1S85 JANESMEAD 
W-^CeMrewitdTnsiner-up to Kayudrn (61) (2m 2f. £29162. good, Oa 19. 21 ran). 

ti8NCti(NV BnUhCO 

Al Tru. Young hca. 29> Padre I 

Rotherfwld Greys. Ho 
loot Potoh. 

had «SH COORE (60) 21 back in 4th when Doncaster wn> 
5th. CORN 

STREET (62) 2V awn 6th. 

day 24. 14 


n«r With BOOT P0U94 A-10) a head away l ... 

SAILORS SONS (94) II 7th end BRK5 CHOP (69) behind (5f. £4^40. good. May 
ran) BUSH COOKIE (7-7) has -snea beaten MATOU (611) a short head of York w*h 
PHILIP (67) II back W and DORKING LAO (613) 5SI away 6th o( 12 («. £7.960. good 
islrrm. Jun 13L ROTHERFELD GREYS (104) made a8 to Oeet Uptown GM (84) a at 
Edinburgh (5f acp. £1^03. good » Dim. May 19. 14 ran). kOhtPHEOS (63) bear Dela- 
ware Rwr (7-12) 21 et Bnghun (6f. £2.939. good to hrm. May 28. 11 ran). LAURE 
LCMMANbehwd at Etaomlaa tima: previously (SI so ft) (7-13) ne ck Goodwood scorer 
from Bonn Emry_(64)with YOUNG WCA (8-13Tarti PERFECT TIMING (65) betwd. 
PERFECT TIMING (611) 4’JI 4th to Oantwia (60) a t Epscro wrtti TYROLUE (613) 0th 
(51. £7.71 3. good. Jun 4. 16 ran). Last season PERFECT DMtNG (621 heed and II 3rd to 
itnoenal JadefiMO) at Salaburv with SAILORS SONG (68) a neck 4«i and LAURtE 

3 rd to Bold Reakn (8-51 at Goodwwd last Wto with GOLD PROSPECT (61 1IWI away 
4 th. ALTRWI1 6-0) 3’'jl6lh and BRIG CHOP (610) behndlfii. good). ALTRUJp*1 l)ear- 
Ur beat PADRE PfO (67) neck at Saisbrey wrtn POWDER BUM (62) 8th «. good). ALL 
AGREED, {62} II 5th to Ara Vattey (9-4); m 1985 (8*5) neck 2nd » TrwynC4an 163) hare 
wrin LAURIE LORMAN (7-13) iSl away 5th and YOUNG MCA (65) fcl back 6th (5T. 

!, Oct 12. 16 ran). SHARPETTO (63) beet Sattapour (94) 1 til a Newbury 
id to soft. Jut II. 14 ran). 


£3.035. good, 
I. £4.221. g 

Today’s course 


TRAMB1& H Coot 32 wtnnm from 118 
runners. 26.9V G Harwood 33 from 141. 
234V LCottrei 6 from 27. 222V 
JOCKEYS: B Thomson 8 winners from 45 
"Jte- 178V W Carson 38 from 236. 
16.1V Pat Eddery 35 from 223. 15.7V 


TRAMERS: B wts 16 winners from 61 
runners. 26-2V J Hrtchey 24 from 94, 
255 4 o S Norton 14 from B. 16 5°«. 
JOCKEYS: D Nicholls 19 winners from 
122 ndes. 158s,. 


TRAMERS: U Stoute 19 winners from d8 
rormers. 39.8V M Jarvs 8 from 52. 
173V FDufrSfrani 73. li.ov 
JOCKEYS: T Lucas 7 w inners from 31 
t»0«. 22 6V R P Biott 12 from 89. 17.4V 
(only two quaHfm). 


• Newmarket-based Jeremy 
Hindley has his two-year-olds in 
fine form and Oriental Dream 
became bis second juvenile 
winner this week when landing 
the Brandon Maiden Stakes at 
Hamilton yesterday. After foil- 
ing logo ihe early pace. Oriental 
Dream came through smoothly 
up the stands side fora comfort- 
able three lengths success 
Despite a virus which bas 
affected over half of David 
Chapman's horses, the 
Stillington trainer saddled first 
and second in the Busby Handi- 
cap. The enigmatic Henry's 
Venture took over from the 
pace-setting Coplace four fur- 
longs out and then raced clear of 
his rivals for a seven lengths 
victory over Mary Maguire. 

Royal Ascot 


iftrwi wvin.cwn-Rft 

SPERRY ch c Sanfort l Ructkxs (Y 
Mas*) 380 Pul Eddery (5-1) - 1 

Cyrano Da Bararaac b c Bald Lad - 
Atwan (J Raarajpe 0 W Carson (11-4 
tav) • . . 2 

IMdaranaM rot London BailB-Zaneen 
(H Sangstor)37 11 M Hite (5-1) .. ’S 

ALSO RAN: 9 RosSc Ambor (5(h). Tar® 
(4th). 12 Poty Daniels. 25 Our Dynasty. 
Qua Swnpaflca, 50 Fringe Of Heaven. 66 
Sknla Rtige (Bth). 10 ran- NR: London 
Tower. Governor GaneraL Sh hd, 3L *L 3. 
1KL P WMwyn at Lemboum. Tow: wfn 
£7.80; places £150. £1.19 £1-50. OF: 
£8J0._ CSF: £14S9 l Iraki 1&21aec 

3J NORFOLK STAKES (Group IB: 2-y-<s 
£20,086: 5f) 

SSZLMG MELODY br c .Song - Mrs 
Baoon(MrsMWatt)8l1RHIIs(61) 1 
Zatoa^b e Danzig - Sowds Of Secret 
jHarntiwi AMAaktoum) 8 11 A Murray ^ 

Ooattaian Royrte ch c OomUon - 
Bahamas Process (D Robinson) 6 11 R 
Coehrane(6-i) 3 

ALSO RAN: 4.7 fav Risk Me (4th), 14 

Pensurchin (5th), BrezHan Princess. 6 

ran. NR: Touch Of Speed. Nk. 2)H VI. a 

sh hd. John FitzGerald at Newmarket. 

Tote: win £6 JO: places £22 0. £2.40. OF: 

£2260. CSF: S3&13L Iraki 057sac. 

345 GOLD CUP (Group I: £44.688: 41) 

LONGBOAT b ft WMsh Pageant - 
Pirogue JR Hotfingaworth) «0W 
Carson (Evens fav) 1 

Eastern Mystic b c Bocutlorttt - Belle 
Persee (M^or R Harden) 4 9 0 Pat 
Eddery (7-3) 2 

Spicy Store b ft Bhshtng Groom - 
Javamine (P MSton) 5 9 Q S Cauthen 
(11-1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 9 Tale Quale (Bth), 10 Seismic 
Wave (Bttil, 20 Bourbon Boy, I Went To 
Be. 33 Rising. SO KubtaL G6 Erydaa 100 

Petrfzzo (4ttiJ. 11 ran. NR: Ore. 9. hd. 3L 
1 /iL 4L W 

£2 Oft 


Hem at West Bstsy. Tote: wm 
as £190. £1.40. £2.10. OR 
: £4.78 4min 22.11 sea 

490 ROBLE8DALE STAKES (Group ik 6 
y-o fUer. £37,948: Im 41) - 
GULL NOOK b f MU Reef - Bempton 
(Lord Hakfax) 8 8 Pst Eddery (61) 1 

MR Oa The Floss ch f m Reef - MBy 
Mobs (LC reeGnan) BBS earthen (62) 2 
SantH ch f Be My Guest - Sakshea (R 
Songstar)88WRSw«*um(61) 3 
ALSO RAN: 11-4 fav Gesedeh (Bttri. 11-2 
SaiChow. 14 Stnototb. IB Pitot Skit 20 
Atoyna (6th). Park Express (4thL 25 Sue 

Grundy, Tender Loving Cere. % Nacoia 

Wynn. 12 ran. 1W. 1»l. nk. 2W. nk..J 
Dinop et Anstoel. Tote: win £890: places 
£290. E1.T0. £290. OF: £179C CSF: 
£3898. 2mn 30." 

495 CHE8HAM STAKES (2-y-tt £11453: 
6 0 

MINSTRELLA re I The Minstrel - FUaM 
Dancer (E Evans) 8 6J Raid (161) 1 
Chime Tkne b c Good Times. - - 
Bahespck (Red Uon Inn Ltd) 6 11 M 
6rch ( 16 - 1 ) 2 

Luzin ch c Toucfang Wood - Velvet 
Habit (Hamden Ai-Msktoun) 8 11 A 
Murray (7-1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 62 fav Atoasar. 5 Mazller 

11-2 Gu» King. 6 Mister Ua)06tic 

8 Shabib. 18 Checkpoint. My 
_ mi (5thL 20 Hard Afl. fe TahanJ. 

68 Castle Comet 13 ran.4i v,i. um nk. 

C Nebcn at Lamboum. Tote: win £3690: 

pieces £7.40, £290, £3.70. OF: £11190. 

CSF: £ 14323 . Imki 1393 sea 

cap: 3-y-o: £10928: Im 41) 

HOWf MADNESS b c Vibgos - Ceatte * 
Moon (Levima Duchess of NorfeSt) 9 
4 C Asraussen (4-1 (n) 1 

Westiaam br c Fapprano - R ncsl sa e 
Asset (Maktoum Al Maktoun) 8 11 M 
H9s (25-1) 2 

Ortgidbrcft cNishmur- DfeDetaia (H 
H Aga wan) 8 9 W R Swrtsurn (162) 3 
Comely Dancer b c Northran Baby • 
Abordage (J Altontton) 8 6 N Connonon 


ALSO RAN: 6 first Oregon. MU9C« 
Youth, SWtaWon (6(h), lOSanelsction.ii 
Saranpour (5thL 12 Taneada, 16 
Liewmon, 20 Escewona l Beauty. My 
Ton Ton. 33 Ado. Owl Castle. Tbraet 
Sigined. 66 Nortafc Sonata. ChWfHn 
ioms. Dark Heritage. 19 ran. S. a. 6L II. 
Kl. J Duttop st AnnteL Tata win £3.80: 

£130. £11.00. E2.0IL £310. OF: 

3830. CSF: £94.82. Tricasb £68422. 

Jackpot not wan. Plecepct £235^. 

• Chen: he ur dX> (Gary 
Moore) will be hard to beat in 
the group three Prix du Lys at 
Chantilly today when he has 
only three opponents including 
the’ John Dunlop-trained 
Robbama. the mount of Freddy 
Head. Chereheur d'Or won the 
Prix de r.Avre last time out and 
should follow up at the expense 


Gang: firm 

Draw, middle to high (umbers best 

7fr( runners) . • 

1 0300 BAN1B. BLAZER Mbs I Bel 611 J Lowa 4 

3 00 CAWKEU. TROOPER TO GOUroyd6t1 S Parks 1 

7 *00 MLLHELD BLUE P Rohan 611— — . — S Webstar 5 

8 0033 ROYAL TREATY N TMdar 611 J H Brown (^ 12 

10 004 THEMAGUEMlKLSkliWl6l1 —GGowwyll 

.1100 WESTGALEfB) CTMder 6 T1 JBtaesdataB 

15 00 MSS SHERBROOKE MW8Mqr 88 SMopisS 

18 0000 MOONS POND MHEastMby 69 K Hodgson 2 

18 0 NOFAWlMiCEfl K Stone 89 COwyerT 

18 SKERNE ROCKET Iftt Jones 68 GDcfflsMI 

20 SUPER QAMBLBI T FairtXBSf 8-8 CCaetSS( 5)9 

21 0032 TOOTSY JAT PFoiden 8-8 NDaylO 

62 Tootsie Jay. 11-4 Bantsl Blazer. 62 Moonae Pond. 61 

Royal Treaty. 61 The Mague. 161 MUMd Blue. 12-1 Miss 
Sherbrooke. 14-1 others. 

21 -040 MARSUANAEIncISB 4-7-13 

23 0-00 ROVABER TO MnGRsveiey 167-8- 
25 0434 QUAUTAnESS TO K Stone 4-7-8 — 

6 8000 RAPOANMH 



Redcar selections 

By Mandarin 

2 . 1 5 Royal Treaty. 2.45 Dunlin. 3.20 Foot PatroL 
3.50 The Oown. 4^0 First Dibs. 4.50 John 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
3 JO Dwaha Kali. 4.20 NaaielL 4.50 John RusselL 

2A5 UGTHORPE STAKES (2-Y-O: (£1.735.60: 6f) 
( 6 ) 

1 13 THBOOAN R Holtoahead 66 S Parks 4 

2 12 DUMJNA£AMBF)S Norton 63 JLmraB 

4 0301 TEAM BYYHnR Thompson 613 RPEBoaS 

5 004 DANUMDANCStMWEastBrby611 — KHodgsoa2 

8 33 FOUNTAICS CHOICE K Stone 611 G Brown 5 

7 000 HUNTAG M Reddsn 611 S Webstar 1 

64 Danum Dancer. 5-2 Durtto, 163 Team Effort. 61 
ThekkJan. 61 FountWs Choice. 161 Muntsg. 

3J20 MOORSHOLM HANDICAP (£1,850: Im) (13) 

1 4403 BURAAG TO M W Eastertry 5-613 K Hodgson 3 

5 600 BELLA BAMUSJC-tn W A Stsphenoon 4-99 — 2 

7 3002 BWANA KALI (B) (D) M ToroS*is 4-3-5 —8 

8 0002 TRY SCORER TO Denys SnWi 4612 SPetfca12 

11 0000 FOOT PATROL (fa) P CumJafl 5610 GDaffiskMI 

13 0000 MY HANDSOME BOY TFertaust 467. CCettas(5)6 

14 0/00 BJJCfTtB) DMotlatl766 COwyarS 

17 -010 CHARMMaVEW (D)HM Jonas 464 __ PMtNael 

Jfl £H» MALMO DLfln 4-8-3 — — 4 

20 000 FU.A8UMPERRHoBnshaad 4-7-13 —13 


21 6 STORMGUAROW Jarvis M. 

23 0-0 W SEAFiaD M Raddffii 9-0.. 

24 CHLOROPHYLL C Britain 611 . 

25 6 EFFICIENT WHatoh 611 

27 HUNTING GOLDWBsay 611 _ 


-“_ n ! d eaf , ,i 

1611 ON NaateL 62 first Dibs. 61 Riva Renrtd. 61 
ChtorophyO. 161 StomguanL 14-1 olhars. 

£1^19: 6f) (21) 

6 000 CLASSY SCOUSEDW Chapman 60 A Proud 1 

7 00-0 CLAWSON THORNS DanysSreth 60 SPartaG 

8 COLE BAY Mrs N Macaulay 60. 

9 OOW GALAXY GALA J Radtarn 60—. 

10 0232 HANSOM LAO WHaqh 98 

12 2 JOHN RUSSELL M Ryan 60 PRofainaarilS 

13 00 MARK-EDENW Jarvis 60 J Otasadsli 2 

19 260 ROPBIROWM H EastartJy8-0 KHDdgson20 

21 0 nNAOTM I Vtakars 94 SWafitor12 




29 CALYSTEOM C Britain 61 

31 040 FANCY RMSH F Durr 611 


33 0 

35 00 

HNLUX FLAW EWwmes 611 

FORETOP WEtay 8-11 


a 38 00 LOTTIE LHEJUICE DW Chapman 611 

- EGHstTO7 



41 OOO QURRAT AL AM M R Ewtwby 61 1 —17, 

42 0 REPORTBB (USA) M Jarvis 611 T Laos 11 

62 John Russes. 61 Hansom Lad. 62 Report ’em, 61- 

Breaktast In Bod. 9-1 CatfStogo. J61 Angel TargaL14~f Fancy- 
Fmh. 161 others. 




Going: good (straight course); good to soft 

(round course) 

Draw: low numbers best 

1 1-8 Bundukeya, 61 Annie Noonen. 61 Stestock. 61 Ledr 
Ol Pearls. 161 Mss Display, 161 Okoean. 14-1 ottiere. 

130 BELSTON HANDICAP (£2,131: Im 3f) (9) 

5f) (9 runners) 

6 6M MURPHY'S WHSS A Jarvta 3-67.'. I Todd (5)7 

6 -100 BR»GE OF G0I9TOT Barron 361 BMcQM4 

9 4-00 LADY CARA TOtBRJ Barry 6-61 

10 0283 WOW WOW WOW(B)(CnXBF)N rmtoer6611 

Hm Haidar 6 

11 1200 SOSPttNHJJETO TO J S Wtaon 6610 E Toner 8 

12 0031 CULkBNATE (g P Uonteitn 5-66 G King 8 

13 4fflM FAIRGREBt TO TOW QW Chatman 661 

14 -000 BLOCKAKN SK0LAR (C-D) N Byovfi 67-13 

A —m> D|Cfott IS) s 

15 600 RUSSIAN WtttTBITO (60) aw Jones 11-7-13 

J OrtonS 

11 -4 Murphy's Wheats. 61 Culminate. 62 Wow Wow Wwv. 
61 Fangrean. 61 Russian Winter, 161 Scnneneto. 161 

3 0001 MSTERPOWTC TMdar 4-612 
5 3003 L0NQST0PPMatan4-67 

7 0000 B 0 LDERA D W Chapmwi 561 _ 

8 -000 TAJ SiNGH Denys &n«h 49 - 11 . 

TO 0303 SWIFT RIVER (B) Mt&S I BSI 4 - 8-8 J 


— MBirefc? 

— RI8b8 


. J Ramadan 7-62 ._ DMdtoo-iB 

12 0402 NORTH STAR SAM Mrs JRsmedsn 561 MFiy tf 

Ayr selections 

By Mandarin 

2.36 Culminate. 3.0 Bundukeyh. 330 North Star 
Sam. 4.0 Countess CarlottL 430 Indian Orator. 

5.0 Spring Pursuit 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

3.0 Bundukeya. ... 

Y-O: £959: 6f) (10) 

1 4 AMtC NOONAN NTMdV 611 Klo TMdar (3)1 

2 34 BUNDUtEYA H Thomson Jones 611-. ; R HBb 3 

3 40 LACK OF PEARLS RWoodhousa 611. A ShouteraS 

7 004 MISS DISPLAY JSWBson 611 NCariMeA 

8 OKOS aN (USA) 5 Norton 611 LCtwnocklO 

13 BOO OUKXSTKrcDW Chapman 611 DUHctaWiS 

14 00 REVOLVER VDEOJ Ban 611 MftyS- 

15 00 RfVEfiS SECRET Dows sidh 611 —8 

18 20 STEBjOCX (8F) M H Easierby 61 1 M Btrr± 7 

13 600 ■XMTAMfOrMEroTO RMM >Mw&4- I ’ i Ca'iale3 

14 -400 THE CRYMO GAME B Morgan 67-1 3 — LCtamoek2 
2-1 Mtanr Point 5-2 Lomstn. 61 North Star Sam. 61> 

Swift ftwr. 12-1 Boktora. 161 The Crying Game. 261 Taj- 
Smgh. 361 BkNbMnta Don't Amoy Me. 


1 0401 BAMTiL BANZAI (B) Htsa 1 Bel 60-~ MHndfiy(3)4 
7 40-0 HERB ROBERT DW Chapman 68 M Mchwdnn (7) 2 

9 0400 MAWDLYN GATE M H Eaaterby 8-9 ttBMJ 

■3 ^ 

16 060 COUNTESS CMLOmAtoniS 86 DMchonS 

19 -003 POLLY WORTH fl Wtdtaker 8-6 DM cXaown* 

20 040 SHY MISTRESS B McMtoon 66 NCarMel 

9-4 Comer Racing Nai. 61 Mawdtyn-Gato. 61 Bental 

BanzaL 8-1Shy Mstress. 161 PoBy Worth. Herb Robert. 161’ 
Noble Saxon. T4-1 Countes Carioai . ■ 


1 00 BLENCATHRA BOY c Parker 60 DMcMb 2 

;°22-a •BtUPBSBfL B -«w5i 

22 00 ONLY FLOWER C Thornton 611 MTtofautt (7) 3 

1*2 Indian Orator. 61 Only Flower, 61 Btoneathra Boy. 

5.0 GOUKSCROFT HANDICAP (£2,075: 7f) (10) ■’ 

S 600 SfflM PURSUIT PMakin 5-67 _______ R hMa « 

7 0221 -TTTWA10WTOS WUas 4-63 »MfiY9 

10 8300 BLACK DIAMOND A Jwws 68-1 — - 

.13 061 ABJAD R Wootoausa 660 

16 2044 ZK) PBtoWO (C-D) T Crag 5-613- 

■18 060 ROCK SALT w Pearce 4610. 

— ONteheOa? 


V, SS ioSS I 

22 600 ROtdifei f OMT Caa 7-66 ‘ rtitoiwu li D 

23 0040 CHAOISSE R WhSrar 3-65 DHfcKmreql 

24 643 GOLDBI tXSC (B) M Camacho 664 MEwSlO 

IM Tit Wiflow. 61 Star's^M^fa ^fr -I OoMen Disc. 161 

Bttck Diamond. 12-1 Z)o Peppho. I 

I Praeutt. 161 Atyad. 

Hamilton results 

Going: good to K^I (50ft final hrtvtgj 
2.15 (6f) 1. Om&JTAL DREAM (A 
Shota. 7-1): 2. S t iar p hev en 8 Jofmson. 
(61k 3. Doddn Hi (K Hodgsoa 7-2V 
ALSO RAN: 2 fav Laadvtous totem. 7 
Pilgnm Pmce (5th). S Ltopac North Moor 
(«S). 10 Young Warrior (6th). 7 ran. 3L vj. 
4L nk. 51. J Hmdley at Newmarket Tote 
£7.00; £390. £570. OF: £14.70. CSF: 

245 (80 1. HENRY’S VENTURE (A 

James Pal. 9 WarttvH 10 

Coplace (8thl 7 ran. NR: Tanfen. 71. sh.hd. 
a. Y.-L EU D Chaoman at SbUngton. Tote 
£1490: £4.70. £190. Df=; £4290. CSF: 

390 (5f) 1. SEATON GfflL (B McGttl. 6 
It 2 Shady BMb.|C Dwyer. 61): 3, 

1 RAN: 3 Jutefs Lad^i j, 20 ChO& 
Mach (4thL 5 ran. 31. fi, ia. 2v,i. T 
Barron at Maunby. Tore: £356. £290. 
£1.16 OF. £5.40. CSF: £1093. nobid. 

655 (Im 1ft 1. COMMON FARM ft 
Johnson. 161); 2 Bradbury Hd (C 
Dwyer. 261). 3, Auctton Tna (C Nutter, 
62V ALSO RAN: fav My Cup Of Tea 
Mth). 7-2 Cosmic FlWit (5th). 162 
reiq9S0dy m Stock («h). 5 ran. NR: 
Salnenno. 9. «. 31. 71. dtst. M BnttWn « 
Wentdl TOW £1490; £5.40. £1.50. DF: 

TEATRE (D Casey. 16 
Nutter. 11-4);3.Teneya (A 
fav). ALSO RAN: 8 Fanny 
Robin 15th). Kesu ftati). 5 ran. nk. BL 31. Of. 
G M Moore at Ulddtotam. Tote £14.60: 
£10.60. £390. DF: £17.60. CSF: E36.48, 

Shauns. 4-7 fey 

ti PffltSIAN KMGHT (A’ 

titondale, 61). ALSO RAN: 114 Carou. 

toy (Bth). Misa Money (4th). 50 

Sberpeman. gran. NR: Noroc Secret l&l. 

Tote £2.40; £1.10 £390. £2.10. OF 
£8090. CSF- £20.41. Trtoast £13395 
Ptacapot ES48J0. 

Blinkered first time 

ROYAL ASCOT: 3.45 Show Home. 495 
Mister wonderful. Native Wizard, 

AYlfc 290 Wow wtw WOW. 5 JO Gokfen 
HgKMfe -2.15- WBMgMa. 490 Angel 

i — 



< r 

but Pal Eddery's youngpr 
brother kept Sperry going m 
tremendous style. 

This was Eddery's second 
victory at the Royal meeting, 
die 19-year-old having won the 
1985 Windsor Castle Stakes on 
Atall AialL and amazingly it was 
Peter WaJwyn. Sperry's 
trainees, first visit to. the 
winner's enclosure at this meet- 
ing. since Rhineland won the 
Bmannia Stakes in 1978. 

The Lamboum trainer was 
full of admiration for his gallant 
winner. “1 must say I thought 
we'd been beaten." he said. “Bin 
I just love this little horse. He 
sucks his neck out. and refuses 
to give in." 

One of the biggest shocks of 
the meeting ‘was administered 
when Risk Me. favourite at 7-4 
on to win the Norfolk Stakes, 
could only finish fourth behind 
Sizzling Melody. Paul 

Kdlcway's fluent National 
Stakes winner did not impress 
on his way u> the start, and was 
always struggling in the race 
itself “Basically, I think he 
needs six fiiriongs." said the 

Sizzling Melody's win was 
certainly 6 feather -in the cap of 
■the first- season trainer. Loro 
John Fitzgerald. For after the 
two-year-old had won by four 
lengths in soft ground at Leices- 
ter in March. Fitzgerald had 
stated that the colt might be 
good enough to run at the Royal 
meeting. However, since then. 
Sizzling Melody has been beaten 
halPa-Icngth by Best plan at 

“Sizzling Melody was a very 
sick hone after winning at 
Lingfield in April" explained 
the trainer. “He got the virus, 
and then a secondary infection. 
He became so weak that he laid 
down in his box for four days. I 
brought him back gradually, and 
I'm sure he wasn't at his best at 
Folkestone. But my confidence 
revived with a vengeance when 
he beat Tom Jones's Zaibaq by 
seven lengths in a gallop last 
Saturday. Yesterday. Zaibaq 
finished second only a neck 
behind the winner. 

Fitzgerald is certainly enjoy- 
ing remarkable success as he has 
now had seven winners with 
only 1 1 horses in his yard. And 
judged by the skill be has shown 
in their preparation, the new- 
comer to the ranks of training 
will soon be attracting new 

Now 34-years-old. he has only 
had a four-year preparation for 
his new trade. “I was in the 
army for some time." he said, 
“and after that I spent about 
four years with Tom Jones and 
Bruce Hobbs." 



. A Proud B 

11-4 Bvvana Kafi. 7-2 Try Scorer. 61 Chamttog View. 162 
QuaHsiress. 161 Beto Banus. 161 Bursas. My Handsome 
Boy, Royabar, 161 ottiere 

ZJSO AiSLABY HANDICAP (£2.124: 2m 1 15yd) (6) 

4 060 THE CLOWN {HQIflfi M Naughton 667- G Duffiefd 5 

5 0300 JACKDAW (USA) RHotawftead 69-4 S Petal 

.K Hodgson I 

7 -000 DUKE OF 00UJS TOW Storey 7-613 


' 9 -020 BOHDUNG BED RMmfimm 49-10 A Proud 3 

12 600 DCHALTODonys Seta 67-10 J Imre 4 

2-1 Derate). 61 Duke Ot Dottto. 61 The Clown. 61 
Jackdaw. 15-2 Hapidan, 161 Buncflng Bed. 

4£0 COMMONDALE STAKES (3-Y-O: £2.284: Inf 

4 2-31 FWSTOBS (USA) M Strati 9-7 AModwtoyS 

5 1 NAATELL (USA) H Caci 9-7 N Day 9 

tREMAUS Norton 64 ; J Lowa 4 

. GDeHMtf 1 
- SLmreal 
_ J Lowe 5 

* £ 



A * 


i i 



< if 









again plagues 
an irresolute Surrey 





'BA SINGSTOKE: Hampshire 
*24pts), heat Surrey. 12) by an 
innings and 193 rims. ■ ■ ' 
^Shorting Jittle resolution or 
jeefmical skilf. Surrey -w ere 
fowled oyfiyrice inside four 
yesterday in good eon- 
dCtiori^' . Their fust inning 
ended shortly after lunch and 
following qu 257 runs. behind, 
Ihcy were dismissed for 64 in 
•20.1 overs, h was an extraor- 
dinary collapse by Surrey, who 
^ry^on Monday wre similar- 
ly - beaten in two days by 
Nottinghamshire* though itegi 
jl was because of a poor piten. 

Surrey's startling failure, 
and thc.early'fimsh, on arioth- 
■bt scorching day., left: the 
crowd stunned. It was also 
distinctly ^embarrassing, for 
^Hampshire, whose- sponsor- 
ship marquees for the sched- 
uled 'third day today- were sold 
.months, ago. with about 800 
guests expected. Within min- 
gles of (he end of the game, it 
was announced that the sides 
had agreed to play .a 40-overs 
match today for a £2,000 stake 
-put up by the Hampshire dub. 
... On a hard, dry pitch, the 
.■Hampshire' . fast ; bowlers 
giowed- sustained hostility. 
From -pne .end.-. Marshall.- in 
particular.-obtained consider- 
able-' bounce' and 'Hampshire 
also-' -held Some fine catches 
close to-tfie wickeir'AU of this. 
Though,.', did : "not 'justify 
Surrey’s abject’ showing: Only 
Richards.' who stayed-two and 
a quarter hours in the first 
innings, could be exempted 
from criticism. ; 

By Richard Streeton 

Afterwards Mark Nicholas, 
the Hampshire captain, said 
he was nonplussed at what 
had happened. Pat Pocock. 
the Surrey captain, said: “It 
was a good championship 
wicket, with something in it 
lor bowlers and, at the same 
lime, a good wicket for bats- 
men. I have never before seen 
any side beaten by an innings 
on such a good cricket wicket. 
We performed very badly and 
have no excuses.” 

Surrey, resuming their first 
innings at 21 without loss, did 
not lose a wicket for 20 
minutes. Then four men were 
out in 20 balls and the rout 
had started. Richards's hard 
hitting brought him 10 fours. 
Maru. at forward short leg. 
had a finger fractured on his 
bowling hand from one of 
Richards's strokes and will be 
out of action for three weeks. 

When Surrey followed on. 
Marshall took three wickets in 
nine (Kills, without cost and all 
hope had gone for them. 
Marshall, ignoring a bad at- 
tack of hayfever, finished with 
seven for 4i in the match. 
First he had Stewart splendid- 
ly caught at cover as the 
batsman tried to square cut. 
Then in his next over Lynch 
was held at third slip and Jesty 
was caught behind. It meant 
that Lynch and Jesty had each 
bagged a pair inside three 

Connor, who is bowling 
faster this year, took the next 
two wickets: Needham was 
caught behind and Ginion 



on. Tremlett replaced 
Marshall and in his fiisi over 
he had Richards caught down 
the leg side, when the batsman 
was forced to play a lifting ball 
on his body. Butcher and 
Bicknell were both out in 
Tremlett’s next over. 

Butcher suffered mild sun- 
stroke on Wednesday and 
batted down the order in both 
inni ngs. He was caught at deep 
point; Bicknell gave Paries his 
fourth catch of the innings. 
The last two wickets fell in a 
light-hearted atmosphere. 

HAWSHRE: Fust innings 401 tor 5 dec 
(R A Smith 101. C Q Gaienidge 97, M D 
Marshal SI not outMCJ ramas 50) 
SURREY: first knags 

A J Stewart b Connor 8 

6 S C*mon c Meftoias b Marshal sz 

M A Lynch c Graotwtoa b Connor 0 

TE Jesty cGreanidgeb Marshal 0 

A Neeffiiam bw b Tramtott 7 

fC J Richards not out 56 

A R Butcner bTrenttt 0 

fiJDougWycGraanWgabMenj 15 

— 10 
-- 13 
► 144 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-36. 2-37, 3-37. 4- 
41. 5-55. 8-59, 7-88. 8-98, 9-123. 10-144. 
BOW UNO; Marshas 17-7-26-4; Connor 
1 7-4-77-3, TrBfrtett 8-4-17-2; Maru 3-1-3- 
1; Cowley 4-1-11-0. 

Second ten ngs 

A J Stewart cTianarb Marshal 4 

GSOrtwi b Connor 20 

M A Lynch c Nicholas b Marshall 0 

TE Jesty c Parks D Marshall a 

A Needham e Porta b Connor O 

1C J Marie cPBrtabTrwnMt__ 13 
A R Butcher cGresnrdgeb Trerntett— 7 
Ft J Doughty run out — _____ 17 

MBcfcnelc Perks b Tremlett 0 

A H Gray c sub b Tremlett 0 

•PI POCOCk not out 0 

Extras (bl.wl.nbl) 3 

Total 64 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-13. 2-21. 3-21, 4- 
25. 538. 540, 7-59, 559. 9-64. 1564. 
BOWLING- Marshall 6-2-153; Connor 10- 
0-34-2; Tremlett 4.1-0-14-4. 

Umpres: B Dudeston and A A Jonas. 

. J Doughty 1 
M Bteknei b Marshal 
A H Gray c Parks b Connor . 

-PI Pocock b Marshall 

Extras (lb 5. w 3. nb 5) _ 
Total (49 mere) 

Middlesex Half centuries for 

Somerset pair 

; overcome 
• by Rice 

v ' -- By-Peter Ball 

JVr Of driver Sftddiescx.- 8 sir- 
qhJs -innings wickers in' hand, 
fifed 3-78 runs - -to. hear 

' An innings of total assurance 
Jby. Clive. JRice._.who_ batted 
undefeated for five hours, hil- 
ling. 1.8 four? in his JS6 and 
sharing a century stand .with 
Robinson and -Birch, pot both 
Middlesex's attack and the diffi- 
culties or the Trent Bridge 
wicket rnio a^differem perspec- 
tive yesterday. Where everyone 
efee found toil and some -pain. 
Rice, batted as if.ori a flat wicket 
of unimpeachable reliability.-- - : 
; N6(ts begin as if working-on - 
ihe assumption that the end was : 
nigh; arid :that 4hc test policy 
was to collect as nihny runs as ; 
possible before . its inevitable 
arrival.' There was early' ev- 
idence. to support that view. 

1 Broad Was Ibw in ; the second 
Over of the morning.- beaten by 
late movement as he pushed 
half forward. Randall . again 
found the pace of DaiiieL even 
off a shorter run. too' much for 
Him, and departed, caught. 
swotting a bouncer to long-legal 
the end of a torrid oyer. 

. Even Robinson, who was 
carving about him effectively, as 
23 runs came off the first three 
overs and SO came up' in eight' 
had some uncomfortable mo- 
ments. He once nearly ducked 
into itn intended Daniel bouncer 
which fizzed by his helmet at 
stump height while another had 
flown past Downion like a 
badly-struck shot flying over the 
bar in the thin Mexican air. 

Rice. too. had some early 
difficulties alongside some 
crashing drives, but after the 
first hour, as Hughes and Fraser 
replaced Danid. and Cowans, 
the wicket appeared to change, 
and .so. as they recognised the 
tact, did the batsmen's mood. 
Still the- bad ball was hit 
forcefully, but fewer risks were 
taken, and there was a lot less 
lumping ncri busty ~bbout aS the 
pair sealed in.for long stays. 

Robinson batted with consid- 
erable expertise.’ hilling nine 
fours, most of them authentic 
strokes, before Daniel's return 
al ter lunch ended his stay. Rice, 
however, continued on his im- 
placable way. Johnson and 
Birch lending solid support as he 
ruthlessly exposed the limita- 
tions of Middlesex's attack un- 
til. finally satiated, he declared 
when the lead had passed 400. 

As Middlesex started their 
forlorn .search for survival, bat- 
ting immediately looked a diffi- 
cult an once again — Keith 
Brown getting hit painfully on 
the hand, and at the next over 
Miller departing Ibw to leave his 
team with a long wav to go. 
G Cowans 4 for 22) 

Second linings 

R T Raamsan b Darnel 67 

SC Broad RWtJ Cowans 4 

D W Randan c Butcher 0 Darnel 6 

*C E-8 Ftee not out 156 P Jontwon tow 6 

Fraser 26 

J D Bircn notout - — 54 

? Extras (b 8. & 1 1, W3. *.91 — ._3 1 

; Total (4 wkts dec) — : 346 

PALL OF WICKETS: 1-16. 242. 3-156, 4- 

BOWLING. Danei 150352. Cowans 15 
2-72-1: Fraser -1 7-3351; Hughes 153- 
36. O'. Carr 17-1-51-0. 

MIDDLESEX; First Innings 135 (J D Carr 
57; E E Hemmngs 4 for 12k 
Second wings 

fi R BrOwn rawed hwr 

A JTMriler few t> GDOper 

R O Butcher not out 

By Alan Gibson 

/?. I Til: Northamptonshire, with 
seven sctvntHnnings wickets in 
hand, are 226 runs ahead of 

Somerset, who had put in 
Northamptonshire on Wednes- 
day and paid a heavy price, 
began the day at 15 for two and 
(lie first question was whether 
they could save the follow-on. 
This they achieved, noi very 
comfortably. They were all out 
for 328 at tea. 

Hardy and Richards scored 
half centuries; Young Blitz, the 
nighiwatchman. batted stoutly, 
eon firming the good impression; 
that his. wickcikeOping has pro- 
duced.. Harden stolidly. Rose 
gaily ; and Marks confidently 
made ihcir 'contributions. 

; • Richards played some splen- 
did strokes but was again 
outcaughi at long-on when the 
county needed more runs. It was 
Cook who got him. I thought 
that Cook was the best of the 
■ bowlers, though all were steady. 
Hardy batted agreeably and had 
reached his 50 in 64 balls. 

The weather was more warm 
tn the morning, clouding over a 
little in the evening. The pitch 
"has not gone — yet", as one old 
Bath hand put it to me. 
sombrely. There was another 
large crowd. The scenery was 
lovely, apart of course from the 
monstrous blotch of the Sports 

I do like the Bath Festival, 
though I may tell you that 
getting to the largest city in 
Somerset from the county town 
is hard work for a lame man. 

You have to change at Bristol 
and cross about six. platforms 
and nobody can ever tell you 
which you should be aiming for. 
Also, and this really surprised 
me. yesterday I met a damnedly 
rude Bath taxi-driver, some- 
thing that has never happened 
to me before. 

When Northamptonshire 
went in again Larkins was out 
almost at once. Cook and Bovd- 
Moss took things easily, realiz- 
ing that Northamptonshire, if 
they did nothing silly, and if the 
weather holds, were in 

(Or 6 dec (D J Capel 103 Hot out D J WM 
85. RJBMey69). • 

Second Innings 

G Cook not out 32 

W Loffcms Bw Davis ... 0 

fl J BoytJ-Moss c and b Palmer 37 

Ft J Saxey c BRtz 0 Palmer : 1 

DJWM - — — 17 

Extras (b 4. to 5. nb 3) 12 

Total (3 vricts) 99 

FALL OF WICKETS: 13. 2-65. 337 
SOAERSEft First Innings 

N A FeftoncWatertonb Griffiths 7 

*P M Roebuck b MaHentfer 0 

tR J Bta c Cook b W4d 15 

jJEHariycWetertonbWM 50 

I V A Richards c Larkins b Cook 59 

RJ Harden cMaUanaarb Cook 17 

BCRosocendbCapei — 18 

VJ Marks toMaHender — : 20 

GV Palmer cWatertonb Capel 1 

M R Daws not out 19 

J Gamer c Watarton b Griffiths 6 

Extras (fb 11. w 5) 16 

Total (75.4 overs) 228 

FALL OF WICKETS: 13. 2-7. 577. 4-103. 
5-150. 6-181. 7-183. 5192. 5217. 15228. 
BOWLING- Mai lander 205652: Griffiths 
13 4-4-33-2. Wad 9-2-36-2: Cook 155-25 
z Harper 7-51 13: Capel 1 1-3-452 
Umpres: D R Shepherd and J H Hams. 

a class 

By Ivo Tennant 

ILFORD: Sussex with eight 
second innings wickets in hand, 
turd to score 349 runs to beat 

A delightful attacking innings 
by Allan Border, who was four 
snort of a century when Essex 
declared, showed dial the class 
batsman can make runs on this 
incalculable square. In 1 10 min- 
utes he hit five sixes and nine 
fours. Sussex, set 360 to win. lost 
both openers before the dose, 
which was. at least an improve- 
ment on their batting of the 
previous evening. 

At the invitation of Essex, 
Bernard Flack, the inspector of 
pitches, came during lunch to 
look at the strip used for die first 
match of the Ilford Week. The 
pilch had attracted a certain 
amount of criticism but Peter 
Edwards, the Essex secretary, 
said that it had not been 
reported- by the umpires. 

The strip currently in use is 
now taking spin and on occasion 
the ball jumps off a Length. 
Hardie broke a finger — the 
result of a lifter from Imran — 
and will be out for at least a 
fortnight, and Fletcher, who was 
rapped on a glove on Wednes- 
day. did not hat in his rigbtfiil 

As to spin, Essex are better 
equipped than their opponents. 
Childs and Acfiekl took three of 
the four remaining Sussex first 
innings wickets although they 
were unable to break the last- 
wicket partnership to force the 

Most of the credit for saving 
the follow-on goes to Imran 
Khan, who, with Alikhan, took 
Sussex from their overnight 16 
for six to 84 before the next 
wicket fell. Imran made 49 and 
Alikhan showed promise in his 
first championship match. 
Topley. who took four wickets 
for seven runs on Wednesday 
evening, finished with career- 
best figures of five for 52. 

After Hardie had retired hurt 
and Gladwin had mis-hit Stand- 
ing to mid-on in Essex's second 
innings. Prichard made his sec- 
ond half-oentuiy of the match, 
reaching it in an hour and 
clearing the boundary -seven 
times. Pont came in ahead of 
Border and contributed 31, - 

Prichard was out in an un- 
lucky manner, the ball trickling 
under his bat and on to his 


K W R FteWwr 52TN A Foster 51 not out 
A C S Piqotl 5 tar 57 ) 

Second innings 

CGJwfwtnc Reeve bStancSng 12 

B R Hanbo retired hurt 5 

P J Pnchard b Brendbi 55 

K R Pom b Reeve 31 

A.R Border noi out 86 

tO E East c CM Weftrb Reeve .15 

N A Foster c farter b Bredin . . y , - Q 
*K WRFMchar riot out i: 2 

Extras |D 6. taftnbTT- 


Total ( Swktsdec) ..s-J-L, 229 

FAU. OF WICKETS; 1-54.2-82; 3-152. 5 
205. 5-202- 

BOWUN&Imran Kharr-13-5350: Pigott 
7-5323: Standingl 1-1-451: Bradn 12- 
2-552; Reeve t53352rCM wefla 23- 

SUSSEX: First Innings 
DK Standing eEastb Topley _ 
A M Green c Gtadwtn b Faster _ 

P W G Pariier Ibw b Topley 

D A Reeve run out . 

C M Webs c Hardie b Topley . 

A PWaBec Herd* b Topley 

R I Ah Khen si East b CMds — 

tIJ Gould ibw b Topley 

ACS Plgott not out ... — 

A M Breoin tow b Acflefd 

Extras (tx2) ,.; 

Total (542 overs) 

— 7 
_> 4 
_ 0 

— 0 

— c 

- 49 
_ 0 

- 25 
_ 3 
_ 3 

— 2 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-9, 23. 341. 511. 
513. 515, 734.589, 931. 1511Z . 
BOWLING: Fostar 152-44-1; Topley 21-4- 
52-5; CISdB 13-6-13-2 Acfiekl (50-1-1. 
Second Innings 

D K Standtag b CMds 3 

A M Green £w D Topley 6 

D A Reeve not out 2 

Total (2wkts) 

.OF WICKETS: 13.511. 


Bonus pons: Essex 8, Sussex 4. 
Umpees: K E Palmer and B J Meyer. 

— 11 

Century by Curtis bucks trend 

The Britannic Assurance 
county championship rever- 
bcraira to the sound of falling 
wickcLs yesterday, as in general, 
bowlers tended to leave batsmen 
trailing in the ratings! 

The exception was at New 
Road. Worcester, where York- 
shire began at 337 for seven, and 
made another 68. of which 26 
belonged to Carrick. who 
reached 50 not out by the time 
Yorkshire finished up at 405. It 
had been a long haul and an 
expensive catch, too, for 
Pridgcon. Inchmore. McEwan 
and Newport, each of whom 
picked up a couple of wickets. 
The trend was (o continue as 
Curtis, who made 122 not out 
and Smith (82) saw to it that 
Worcestershire would not go 

By Peter Marson 

short of the runs as they reached 
282 for two declared. 

There was a day long tattoo at 
Gloucester, in which the 
batsmen's beating retreat began 
at the day’s start. Alderman was 
in the same attacking frame of 
mind as he had been in on 
Wednesday evening when he 
bowled Stovold. Now. as Wright 
and Russell took guard again 
with Gloucestershire standing 
212 runs behind. Jarvis made 
the first drum roll, and Wright 
became the first in a line of nine 
batsmen to march on and off in 
quick time to the wailing tune of 
only 70 runs. 

Alderman'^ fast medium pace 
was responsible for six. three of 
whom fell leg before, and three 
more to catches. Only Lloyds, in 

an innings of 45 nol.ouL stood 
firm as Gloucestershire's col- 
lapse was made final in -42.4 
overs. It was Kent's turn now. 
but as they made ready, Hinks 
stood down because of stomach 
trouble, and after Taylor and 
Tavarc had got out. Christopher 
Cowdrey was obliged to retire 
having intercepted a full toss 
from Lawrence with his left Tool 
A painful riposte? 

At St Helens. Swansea. 
Oniong made a valuable half 
century in leading Glamorgan 
away from the scene of the 
previous evenings disaster, and 
there was a ruggedly determined 
innings from the admirable 
Steele before Glamorgan - ex- 
pired at 186. . 


GKBrnnicRartdaabSuOi .... 
SPHUgTMSnoiOW ..... 

, Extras (lb &. w 2. nb 2) 

■ T0taM2w«s| 26' 

PALL OF WICKETS 1-10 2-21 
Bonus point? Nottinghamshire 5. MxJCte- 
•6* 4 

Umpres. D 0 Ostear and C Cook. 


Tomorrow. 432 competi- 
tors. ‘representing 54 teams, 
gather for ihe Taylor Wood- 
row national outdoor fugHjP 
war championships ai 
Macclesfield. Rugby Union 
Cltib in Cheshire. Thc'evcni 
will have alt the champion 
clubs defending their, titles in 
ihe six weight categories. 

Glamorgan v 


WARWICKSHWE: First innings 301 (D L 
Armss 510. GW Humpaon 55; JG Thomas 

4 lor 891 

Second Innings 

T A Lloyd c Davres b Derrick 57 

G J Parsons c Holmes b Qntong 47 

A I KaUcharran not out 68 

D L Ames c Holmes b Steels 48 

Asif Dn not cxm 1 

Extras (lb 5, w 1. nb 7) 13 

TotatQwfcts) 234 

FALL OF WICKETS: 139. 2-137. 5232. 
GLAMORGAN: First Innmgs 

O BPaonne few b SmaB __.4 

H Moms Ibw b Paraons 0 

GC Holmes b Gifford 20 

JF StteK cHwnpegsbGHtaut 38 

YoumsAnmedcRumpageb Small ,_ 16 

M P Maynard taw b Gmxti 20 

'RCQmongcFtamjugebSmal — 50 

JG Thomas rwi out 11 

J Demcfc c Humpage b Kerr 6 

tT Davies e KaJtefirran b Grtknd 10 

E A Moseley not oui 4 

Extras (wl.nb 6) - 7 

Total [80 1 oven) 188 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-4. 23. 527. 435 
534. 5139, 7-166.5166.5174. 15188. 
BOWLING: Small 2V 5-60-3; Parsons 7-2- 
151: Grttord 151-542-4; Smrtn 23-123; 
Kerr 233-44-t; Ferreira 9-4-103. 

Bonus ports. Glamorgan 5. Warvndwhira 

Umpres. M J Kitchen and P B Wight. 

1: Mesetev Ashfiekfc Malays* 239 (A 
Stevens 68. Y Imran 64 ruo.; J Badsba 4 
tor 391. Bangladesh 182 ( R Atom 51. G 
Ashral 41 . NHasham 40: D John 5 tor 
Malaysia mm by 57 runs. Group t 
HateMwen: Hong Kong 261 (N S tarns 86. 

5 Myies 821: Canada 285 for 6 { P Praslad 
76. F Kumar* 5»): Canada «on by 4 
wickets OUSOMiaiis:Ho*end425tor4{ 
S A Hinson 162. R Lftnarm 1 10. R Games 
64 n.0. 5 Lubbers 501 Israel i58(DMoss 
62. S Peitnan 51. R Bfermk 6 tor 21): 

Hoiand won by 267 runs. Stratford: 
Bermuda 224 lor 9 { B HB 58. A R 
Mandera 56); Unwd Statoa 225 tor 7 ( T 
Mrils 48 n.o): United States won by 3 

Gloncs y Kent 

KENT; First tann 

KENT; First tonnto 238 (GR Cowdrey 61, JD 
C S Cowdrey 51: k Binfifidge 5 tor 49) SN 
Second Innings *tD 

M R Benson c Curran b Lloyds 42 PC 

NRTaytorb Walsh- II 

C J Tavare Ibw b Lawrence 1 

*C S Cowdrey b Watsb 6 

Worcs v Yorkshire 

Y0RK8HRE: Fnt Innings 

G Boycott c HKk b Incrtnore 7 

M D Moxon b Prtdgeon 

A A Metcalfe b Pndgeon .. 

K Sharp b Newpo rt — 

J 0 Loire run out ..... 

S N Harney c and b McEwan 

‘ID l Baratov b Patel 

•Camck notout 


— 24 
— ‘ 48 

— 15 

G R Cowttsy b BartaUge- 4 

. is A Marsh st Russel brayne 12 

’ G Perm b Ltoyds 
DL Underwood b Welsh-. 
- T M Aiaermann b Payne .. 
SG Hinks not out ~ 

K B S Jarvis b Walsh 

Extras (b 3, b 2.nb 4). 


. 19 

_ 4 



FALL OF WICKETS 1-20. 234. 348. 5 
79. 579. 579. 7-79. 836. 507. 15113 
BOWLING: Lawrence 14-2-42*1; Walsh 
12.1-4-29*4: Barn bridge 7-1-151: Payna 
0-2-15-2. Ltoyds 2-1-J-Z- 

GLOUCESTBSMRE: nrat mmngs 
A JWnqmcGR Cowdrey bJanns _ 21 

A WSiovetdb Alderman 3 

tRC Russell Ibw bAkterman 13 

KPTamNnscGRCowffisybAktennan 3 
•P Batrtandge c Marsh b Alderman .... 15 

K M Cunan c Taylor b Jams 
J W Lloyds notout . 


_ 45 

MWAfleynebwb Alderman 2 

I R Payne Ibw b Penn 1 

0 V Lawrence c Akteman b Penn — 10 

C A Walsh Ibw bAkterman — 10 

Extras (lb 1) __! 

Total (42.4 overs) 125 

FALL OF WICKETS- 1-17. 231. 3-34. 4- 
50. 55i.63S.7r7l, 576, 998. 10-125. 
BOWLING. AMeman 21.43496. Jams 
14-2-48-2; Penn 73=273 

- Searnd hmlngs 

A J Weight not out 33 

AWSravotocAMennanbJuvis - . 40 

tR C RusseU not out 4 

Extras (lb 4. w I. nb 1 } .... 

Total (twktl ._ . 83 

A Sdebottom c Rhodes b Inchmore .. 12 
P W Jems c 0 Ofcveva b McEwan _ 29 

SJ Derma c Pndgeon b Newport 8 

Extras (b 8. to 16. w 2, nb 4) .30 

TOW ' 405 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-3. 2-184, 3-197, 4. 
207.5-248. 8-274, 7-321.8-342. 9-393. 15 

BOWliha- Prttoon 323352; Inchmore 
24-332-2; Md^on 253352: Newport 
27-5337-2: Patel 156-27-1. 

WtMCLSIkHSHRE: Rrst Irmngs ’ 
TS Curbs notoot 122 

DBDOavwrae Jams b Hanley 42 

DM Smith bStoebottom 82 

G A Hick not out 36 

Extras (bZ lb 4, wi.nb 11) 18 

Total (Zwkts. 82.2 overs) 300 

*P A Neale. □ N Pan). tS J Rhodes, p J 
Newpon. S M McEwan. J D inchmore. A P 
Pndgeon dto not baL 
FAU. OF WICKETS: 1-78. 2-2*5. 
BOWLING. SdsbOttOm 151-54-1; Jtovo 
155483: Demo 17-2323; Harttoy 142- 
2351. Camck 15-4-403; Love 52-25 
O.Umpires: R Palmer and A G T 

Borne ports: Wbrcestarshra 8. Ycrk- 

Second XI championship 

TAUWTOat Somerset MtRKtRnq yi unh 5 
tor 14] and 85 (R M Back 4 tor 27L 
Worcestershire 203 (D Hacker 5CV 
Worcestershire won by an wrongs and 22 

LEAMINGTON: Warwickshire 390 for 6 
<tec(8 m McMillan i». a j Motes 123. DJ 
Hickey 4 tor 122) and 72 tor 1: Glamorgan 
273 (P A Co&ay 83: S Wal 5 for 81). 


An eye for victory: Martina Navratilova powering Into the semi-finals at Eastbourne with a 6-3, 6-2 win over Etsuko Inoue, 

■ of Japan. Reiwrt, page 30 (Pbotographi Tim Bishop) 


Ballesteros skirts around 
pillow-talk with Beman 

Severiano Ballesteros won 
round one of his contest with 
Bernhard Langer as the Carrolls 
Irish Open began in glorious 
weather on the Ponmarnoch 
course here yesterday, then 
shadow-boxed his way round .a 
potential confrontation . with 
Deane Beman. . the . commis- 
sioner who has prevented the 
Spaniard playing; on .the US 
PGA totirxhis year. • . 

' Ballesteros.'well aware that he 
could be overtaken by Langer 
this week at the top of the Sony 
world ranking list, began his 
defence of the title with a 68. 
Langer. who won the Irish Open 
in 1984, then lost a play-off to 
Ballesteros 12 months ago. la- 
boured to a 74. 

In truth it was never a contest 
The Spaniard, who started from 

From Mitchell Platts, Dublin 

namenls in 1985 — but here is 
Beman, the Commissioner of 
Golf in America, playing on the 
European tour. 

Beman has . not played 
competitively since 1973. 

_ He did not disgrace himself 
Bern an dropped snots at each of 
.the first three holes. Then he 
collected. ^ 'three ^ Tntdies.Tietweeft 
the' ninth and 13xh. His 74 
equalled the score of playuig 
partner. John -Morgan.- who won 
the Jersey Open last Sunday, 
and it was one better than that of 
Chrisiy O'Connor snr. who was 
also in the group. 

Beman. the player, stressed in 
his post-round interview, that 
be had no intention of discuss- 
ing the Ballesteros affair. “I am 
not here in my administrative 

the 10th. began with a ; flurry of .. cole” he . said. . He .moved, to 
birdies — three tn"ilicce$sioir ; leave as fiaHesieros emeredfoT 
from the.l 3 th— then produced a i his own 1 Press conference. They 
ra asterful -blow By hoTuig'a chip 
shot of more tftan 20 yards Tof 

did not look at each other, let 
alone exchange words. 

Ballesteros smiled only when 
recalling that he had a £2 wager 
wilh a Press colleague over the 
result of the Spairt-Denmark 
World Cup match. "I didn't 
even know he was a golfer." 
replied . Ballesteros when ques- 
tioned .about Ueman-Taicc he 
said: "I doq'i care. about Deane 
Beman. For. seven months it 
seems they are ihe only ques- 
tions I am asked. I feel that his 
name is written on my pillow." 
unless stated): 6& R Lee. <7: W FlBey 
A. 68: S BaBesterus (So); P Sewn 
t); J-M Oiszabal (Sp) 6£fc H Bancctii 
J Hawkes (SAL 70: A Johnstone 
; R Rafferty. 71: W Matey (US* G 

, J-M Caiuzares (Sp): W Westner 

(SA); E Mwray: A Murray; C Mason: G 
Turner (NZ): MCtfero (Sp):C Moody. 72: 
S Lyle; A Odcom: R Chapmen: M Ctavton 
(Ausi). R Box* J Rivero 
lUS):JTteggartr-J ' 

(US): M Pinero 



an eagle three at The 16th (525 - 
yards). ■ ' l-i- 

Ballesteros thereafter .lost his 
momentum, enabling' Robert 
Lee to edge ahead with a 66. 
though he was a shadow of tbe- 
contented genius so fill) .of beans 
when he won the Dunhill British 
Masters two weeks ago. He 
looked, at times, to be suffering 
from a gigantic migraine though 
the pain may have been self- 
induced by his indifferent 
performance in the US Open 
last week. -Ballesteros wants that 
title more than amah ing_in golf 
'■ The presence of Beman. too. 
could be a factor. BaUesterbs-' 
was banned for failing to com- 
pete in the mandatory 15 tour- 

Nicholas recovers well 

Alison NichblasLa diminutive 
Yorkshire goffer, rook the lead 
on the first day of the Belgian 
Women's Open championship, 
sponsored by Godiva, with a 
round of 67 in Brussels yes- 
terday. This surpassed the par 
for the 6.084-yard Royal Water- 
loo course by six strokes. She 
leads by one shot from Patty 
Grant a new Canadian member 
of the Women's Professional 
Golf Association. 

Miss Nicholas went to the 
lam- in 32. 1 'five under 'par. 
making the . most " of : Ihe 
favourable conditions of run- 
ning fairways.receptive greets 

and beautiful weather. It seemed 
that her score might be in 
jeopardy, when, .after securing 
her sixth 'birdie at the 10th, she 
dropped shots at the 1 1th. 12th 
and 14ih. but a storming finish 
reduced ihe436-yard 16th roan 
eagle three, and she gained 
another birdie at the 17th to 
recover her portion. 

67: A Nkhotaa. 68: P Grant “ 

Panton: D HarmUa (US). 70: 


Neumann (Swoh D 
P Gonzalez (Coi). 72: D 
B Lunstort (I 


(Col). 72: D Reid: V HoH/Swe): 
1 (US); P Contey (US); w 


Belgian pedals to stage victory 

Dorhbim-Boedele. Austria 
(Rbuterj — Eric van Lancker. of 
Belgium, won the 195km penul- 
timate stage of the Tour de 
Suisse cycling race from 
KJosiers yesterday. Pedro Del- 
gada..of Spain, was second and 
Michael Wilson, of Australia, 
finished third. 

RESULTS: Laatfing ntatb-ataga p ta cinqx 
! Swiss unless sraied): 1. E van Uncker 
(BeO, 5hr 17min 36soc: ^ P Dtegtato (Sp), 
Msec : batend: 3. M WSson (Aust). 51 sac; 
4 p Wtonen (Nath), 55see 5. S Brykt 
(SwaL58SBC;6. BBrau. 1:06; 7.J Muater.- 
1:1 1: 5 G Schmuu, same Sme; 9. D Gente 
(Ft). 130: 10. M Nona. 1:47. 

• Phil Thomas, aged 29. who 
has been out of anion through 
illness and a tonsillectomy, 
scored his first professional win 
of the season at the isle of Man 
fiftieth jubilee '/estival yes- 
terday. The ANC-Halfords nder 
sprinted home -to beat* Alan 
• "Dipplc. of- Australia, and Mark 
Walsham.T-. . 1 - 

RESULTS: Isle of m*e Prafa&fonek 20 
tape: 1. P-Thomas (ANC-tTaaonfa), 30mln 
7sec' Z TL.DIppta (Moducef); 3. M 

WatSham (Bfflon3ooooT). 3a™ Ume. 

AitMMv itumationsf: 8 Ibdk T . C Walkar 
(Paragon RT), I2nwi 9sec. 2. i Senders 

(Paragon RTh 3. A Wood (Dhtegton RCV 

same tana Junior/Ladtec 10 laps: 1. C 

Bradman (Manchester Wheeiersi. 15:38; 

2. LWalmsiey (North Lancs RQ. 15^5; 3, 

G SpeKrt (ChestarfeW). 1634. 

SPEKDWAY: The former 
world speedway champion. Mi- 
chad Lee. aged 27,' was sus- 
pended for a month by Kings 
Lynn -yesterday after failing .to 
fora up to ride at Sheffield; ;a 
week ago. 

. The promoter. Martin Rog-^ 
ej5. said that the club would not 
guaranteed that Lee will be 
retained after that. 


Bates goes 
down to 

By Richard Eaton 
Jeremy Bates lost his chance 
of meeting Henri Leconte the 
top- seeded Frenchman, in 
today's semi-finals of the Bristol 
Trophy when he was beaten 
yesterday 6-4. 3-6. 51 by. Bud 
SchuhJL a huge, blond and 
methodical American. 

The 6ft 4in Bostonian admit- 
Ted” he patienily 'planned' to 
ensure his opponent needed to 
produce tennis of a winning 
quality to earn -victory in the 
match. It worked. Bates, appar- 
ently lethargic after five hours 
play the day before, produced 
one lax service mine in the six 
games of the final set and. 
although he was presented wilh 
one point fora break-back in the 
next game, there were no more 
chances after that. It needed 
something exceptional to create 
-focni.-Thisumc. after- three-fine 
r wins in- a row-, the unsettled 
BriushNo. 2 coukfnot quite do 
‘that " ■ , 4 

Schultz plays a Lccome who 
hunan ankfe while tumbling for 
a wide forehand. The injury 
afterwards .needed a'heavy jee- 
pack.' but it paradoxically 

contributed to his 6-2. 6-4. 6-3 
victory over Mikicl 
Schapcrs.lhe 6ft 7in Dutchman. 
“Schapers annoyed me." Le- 
conte said. “He was saying to 
me 'you are running like. a 
rabbit better than before*, and 
that I was faking the injury. It 
made me more aggressive! I am 
really here for preparation, but 
£ { fromihenon I was determined! 

. The most -surprising semi- 
finalist is Vijay Amriiraj. the 32- 
year-oid- Indian.. who beat Tim 
Wjlkison. the 'second seeded 
American. 6-4.’ 64. Amriiraj hits 
had so little competition in the 
last six months after making a 
television series in the United 
States that only a player of his 
exceptional talent could come 
back and perform as well as he 
has been doing this week. 

He was not only un seeded, 
but -acquired entry through a 
wild card: yefhe has now beaten 
three successive seeded players. 
Wimbledon's best of fiye s^s 
may fest him more severely, but 
over . the. -shorter distance. 

L remarkably, he looks to be 

playing about as well as ever. 

Bate? 6-4. 3-6, 6-3: V AmntraifbxiaJWT 
VWBtoson (USi 54, 5<: H Laponra (Frt M M 
Schapers (Nath). ■ 5Z 43. MJM 
Wotxtforcte (Aus) tt B Green (US) 33. 6-4, 

Sir Leonard bats on happily 

Sir Leonard Hutton, who will 
be 70 on Monday, was owe of the 
great cricketers of his -tune and, 
indisputably, of any tune. He 
bore comparison with Bradman, 
made a score of 364- that stood 
for two decades as the highest in 
Test cricket,' and became- the' 
first professional ; (o r captain 
England. More Utan that, per- 
haps. be is remembered for his 
approach to the game, and the 
way he scored his nms. 

He made 40,140 of them at ah 
average of 55.51. There would 
have been many more bat for the 
Second World War, which broke 
oat jast when he felt be bad 
reached his peak. They were sot 
so much scored as accumulated. 
In the Yorkshire way, his defen- 
sive technique was perfected and 
nothing was left to chance. . . 

It brought Hutton success and 
lame and satisfaction until the 
point when he felt the world saw 
him as having failed if be made 
fewer than a hundred. Npw, be., 
wishes he had become a more 
aggressive batsman and played - 
one-day cricket “There , would 
have been some excuse for 
getting oat" he said. . . . 

Hutton was born in Fnlnecfc, a 
mile from Pudsey. He visits the 
village every dme he retm-ns to 
Yorkshire: other than in matters 
of pollnthm, it has not <*myl- 
His father and grand tether were 
stonemasons and the family and 
relations ~ -14 Huttons or 
more"— ran jbe village. One or 
two : were Moravian ministers 
and Hutton grew up in the faith. 

Cricket ran in the blood,. His 
father . played for. Pudsey St 
Lawrence and Hutton was asked 
— io!d,.no.donbt — to torn oot-for 
them when, he was 12. “Stan- 
dards in the Leagues were high 
then, and so, consequently, was 

Hntton: fire old master : 
tbe staiKlard of. Yorkshire 
cricket." be .said. Soon .he was 
recommended to the comity and, 
in 1933, two years after he left 
-school, was selected- as 
Yorkshire's twelfth nan. "I was 
too frightened to speak to the 
players." he said- “My fust task 
was to take. a message oat to 
George Macaulay to inform him 
who had won (he 230." 

On the wetter pitches of the 
North. Hntton became a master 
of Ibe "sticky". "I was more 
cautions and correct than I 
would have been had I -grown up 
in the South." -Hntton made his 
England debut in 1937 and the 
fo! kming year at- the Oval, 
batted 13 hours for his 364, still 
the highest score in England- 
Anstraiia Teas. Then came the 
war. .“In 1939 there was: little to 
separate toe from -Bradman, 
Hammond — die best batsman 
qn all pitches — and Headley. 1 

was at my peak and alter the war . 
was never tile same player." 

When Hatton resumed fust 
class cricket, his left .arm was 
only half as effective as before. 
He had fractured it in^Ul.m 
the last, day ’of a commando 
{■octree in Yorkl Now, it Is almost ’ 
two inches shorter than his right 
arm. He feels, loo. that but for 
the- war he could have become a 
scratch golfer. 

’■ Nevertheless, be remained a 
mat batsman, and contends 
that be was a better bad wicket 
player titan Bradman. “He did 
not '-see wet pitches in 
Australia.'* said Hntton. “His 

K t asset was that, whereas 
I mood and I played-ter too 
rnnch cricket, be was able , to 
pace himself. He is an extraor- 
dinary 1 Verson, with similarities 
to Geoff Boycott. They look after. - 
their money. Sidney Barnes once ’ 
told me: ‘I.keep dose to' Don, he 
keeps throwings out a few 
crumbs’" . - ■ - 

- Australians brought out the 
best in Hatton's cncket. -They - 
still ntik of his 37 in 24 minutes 
at Sydney te 1946. He himself 
cites his c e otnr y against them at 
Lord's in 1953 as his. favourite 
innings. Off the field, though, he 
kepi to himself. *Tt was possibly 
a mistake tm my part that I was 
not better ar fraternizing with 
Australians. I understood them 
more as time went on.** 

As -a ^professional cricketer. 
Hutton had never expected to 
captain England, for ail his.' 
hms: probably his greatest • 
achievement was .to retain- the - 
Ashes in' Australia in 1954/55. 
BY now. he was suffering from 
back : trouble and did not score 
- heavily. The cares of captaincy 
accentuated his natural intro- 

spection and by the end of the 
tourhe was mentally and phys- 
ically exhausted, ready for 

In the commercial world 
Hutton applied the -same qnaK 
it ies . of dedication.- and 
concentration that bad' served 
him sovrellas a wasat- 
mest inevitable that he woald 
succeed. He already owned h 
sports business in Bradford and 
was purportedly the only crick 
eter iff his time who studied th 
stock market- before Ibe sports 
pages. He Joined J H Fenner, 
engineers, in Holt, and in I960 
moved to bis present bouse in 
Kingston upon Thames and to 
the firm's London office: He 
retired two yeate ago bnt still 
dabbles in stocks and shares. 

’ His house' overlooks a golf 
course. He spent much of his 
free time -on it -until bis hack 
trouble persisted. Both -his sans 
went to public school and be- 
came chartered ’ accountants. 
Richard played for Yorkshire, 
survived the inevitable compari- 
sons and was chosen for En- 
gland five (foies. He is married 
to the daughter iff Ben 
Brocklehnrst, the owner of Tie 

This week. Sir Leonard will be 
at Headiagley and visiting 
Fulneck. He was never one for 
sitting on committees but keeps 
up with old cricketing friends. 
He. still enjoys cricket and life 
althoHgfa there are aspects of 
both — drugs and hippies are two 
— which be does noi nnders-tanif. 
•The science of- life," he says, 
“is making money. The an of 
life- is arseqse of humour." 4 

Ivo Tennant 


— - 

Mm (D 

* (J 

\ Garou- 
th). 50 
wmar te L 
15 DF: 



\r 455 

150 Angel 





England confident they 

can pass their 
tough test of character 

From Stnart Jones, Football Correspondent, Mexico City 

England have reached a 
position of respectability. 
Having stumbled in the foot- 
hills, they found their way just 
in lime and are now encamped 
as one of the top eight nations 
in the world. They may yet 
climb higher peaks, but Bobby 
Robson's team have already 
claimed their right to be 
included among the strongest 
contenders from Europe. 

Robson was looking no 
further when his squad en- 
tered the competition. “I al- 
ways fell we were capable of 
getting this far." he said. “To 
go beyond it will be a bonus.** 
To exceed the manager’s real- 
istic expectations, England 
must beat Argentina in a game 
that will inevitably be more 
than a World Cup quarter- 
final tie. 

The shadow of the Falk- 
lands is sure to hang over the 
Azieca Stadium on Sunday, 
but the Football Association's 
officials are optimistic that the 
hand of friendship can be held 
across the divide and diplo- 
matic damage can be repaired. 
**It is a wonderful opportunity 
to build a bridge." Ted Cro- 
ker. the secretary of the FA, 
said. “Sport and politics over- 
lap occasionally but sport 
closes gaps more easily. We 
are convinced that only good 
can come out of it. 

“The conflict is so far 
behind us that 1 believe this 
chance is overdue anyway. 1 
happened to travel to the 
game against Paraguay with 
Admiral Lacoste. who is a 
former president of the Argen- 
tine FA. Without wishing any 
ill will on his neighbouring 
country, he was also hoping 
that our two nations should 

Nor does Croker fear the 
prospect of crowd trouble 
which has, mercifully, re- 
mained hidden in the back- 
ground. He said: "English 
supporters have behaved so 
well, almost better than we 
dared hoped, that who knows, 
maybe we have entered a new 
era.' Certainly they built up an 
incredibly good record in 
Monterrey by fraternizing 
with the locals.” 

It is as though destiny has 
ushered all of England’s repre- 
sentatives towards a genuine 
test of character. Off the pitch 
the limited number of follow- 
ers will be under the dosesl 

Negrete a 
threat to 

Mexico City (Reuter) - PCle 
described it as a magnificent 
goal, the best scored in the 
World Cup so far. Manuel 
Negrete's effort for Mexico last 
Sunday, a twisting scissor kick 
which volleyed a shoulder-high 
ball into the bottom comer past 
the Bulgarian goalkeeper, must 
have reminded the Brazilian 
maesuo of bis own marvellous 

It should have warned the 
West Germans, who on Tuesday 
won the right to face the host 
country in the quarter-finals, 
that there is more to Mexico 
than Hugo Sanchez, the Real 
Madrid goal-scoring marine. 

Sanchez, a multi-millionaire 
and the first Mexican footballer) 
to achieve world fame, is the 
centre of attention Tor journal- 
ists and supporters alike. But 
little Negrete, whose delicate 
skids often appear more suited 
to a ballet troupe, has been at the 
heart of the host country's 
World Cup planning and could 
be the man to throw a spanner 
in the works of the West 
German side. 

He stands only 1.70 metres 
high and weighs less than 65 
kilos, but like Alain Giressc. the 
French midfield man. he proves 
that skill and vision are more 
than a match for sheer bulk. 

Leading scorers 

5 - E ButragueAo (Span). G Lineker 

4 - A Aftobe* (Italy). I Batanov Konst 
Umon). Careen (Brazi). P Efc J— r 

3 - J Olsen (Denmark). J Vakttno 

2 - K AHots (West Germany). R Cabaftn 
(Paraguay). R CafcJare (Seam). N Cto aa e n 
(Belgium). Josknar (Brazil), A Kturiri 
(Morocco). F Quirarts (Mexico). J Romero 
(Paraguay). E SeMo (Be&uniL Socrates 
IBrarul. Y Stapyra (France). I Yaremchnfc 
(Soviet Umon) 

scrutiny as they sit in the 
rafters of the huge arena and, 
if they maintain the standards 
ihey have ret so far, another 
piece of the nation's reputa- 
tion will have been restored. 

On the pitch, England will 
undergo by far their most 
strenuous examination of the 
competition. If they survive it 
is more than possible they will 
°o all the way and reach the 
final itself. 

The reaction in the England 
camp to the 3-0 victory over 
Paraguay was quiet saiisfao-' 
lion rather than wild celebra- 
tion. The squad was given the 
day off yesterday, but Robson 
gave himself some work to do. 
The subject which was to 
occupy his day was Maradona 
and now to stop the little 
Argentine from improving his 
reputation as the finest player 
in the world. 

The previous evening Rob- 
son had been more concerned 
about the success of his re- 

arranged side and particularly 
their response to the provoca- 
tions of the Paraguayans. 
“They were rattled in the 
second halfand lost their cool 
They rolled over in the box, 
every lime intentionally, to 
un-nerve us. That is when we 
defended well. 

“The referee, to his credit, 
kept his nerve as well. Al- 
though his booking of Hodge 
was wrong and unfair, he 
refused to be conned. But 1 
saw players today push him 
for 20 yards and Ray Wilkins 
was sent off 10 days ago for 
trickling the ball at another 
referee. 1 suppose when they 
come from all over the world, 
you can't expect them to be 

England’s display was 
equally unpredictable. One 
minute they were in obvious 
danger of falling behind, the 
next they were ahead. “We 
might have gone on to get 
five.” Robson claimed, but 
Paraguay might also have 
beaten the admirable Shilton 
:on more than one occasion. 

The initial difficulties in front 
, of him were almost all of 
England*; own designs. 

When Robson said that he 
had seen no better left-back 
than Sansom, no better centre- 
half than Butcher and no 
better goalkeeper than 
Shilton, he was tacitly shifting 
the blame onto Stevens and 
Martin, who was also shown 
the yellow card for a moment 
of “silly petulance”. 

The only other individual 
contribution that could be 
faulted was that of Reid, 
whose troublesome ankle took 
the full force of Canete's studs 
in the opening minute. Rob- 
son, aware that be was “im- 
paired from ihe start”, chose 
to leave- hiim on until victory 
was assured Although Totten- 
ham Hotspur’s Stevens re- 
placed him. Wilkins now 
awaits a recall. 

The others will almost cer- 
tainly be retained. Beardsley 
and Lineker, who between 
them claimed all three goals, 
almost combined for a fourth 
that would have been hailed as 
one of the best of the tourna- 
ment. Steven continued to 
improve so steadily that Rob- 
son, for one, is convinced that 
“he will definitely be another 
Coppell” and Hodge, again, 
more than adequately filled 
his role as the captain's 

His regrettable booking has 
endangered his place and Rob- 
son concedes that because of 
that Bryan Robson has again 
come into the reckoning. Even 
though Fenwick has recovered 
from his groin strain, the 
potential loss of Butcher, who 
was cautioned in the first 
round, is an even greater 
threat to England's security. 

The midfield quartet, in 
which Hoddle became an 
increasingly decisive influ- 
ence. has brought more cohe- 
sion. variety and flexibility to 
the formation. Bui Robson 
insists: “We didn't play that 
badly in our first two games in 
Monterrey. I thought we 
showed more quality then 
than the West Germans did 
against Morocco the other 

“I wouldn’t have backed 
them in extra time. Some of 
them had gone physically and 
I'm sure they won’t enjoy 
going back there to take on 
. Mexico.” England, benefitring 

Hands together Lineker salutes the goal that sent England 
on their way to victory (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

from last month's high-alti- half against the Moroccans. 

lude training in Colorado that their challenge was on the 
Springs, did not suffer as verge of complete collapse, 
much as expected in the Aztec Now they have matched the 
Stadium where the tempera- feat ofSirAlf Ramsey's side of 
lure was comparatively low. 16 years ago in reaching the 
Lineker, whose overall total quarter-finals, 
of five goals was later equalled P rsoutnamp- 

** Spain s Bucragueno was ton* G 
troubled in the second half Sanson (Arsenal). G Hoddte 
more by the elbow of Delgado, (Tottenham Hotspur), A Martin 

ing hit in the throat, he found (Everton, sub: G Wvens, Tottan- 
it very difficult to breathe. “It ham Hotspur), S Hodge (Aston 
was embarrassing going off on Vila), G Uneker (Ewton), p 
the stretcher,” he said. “I “S 1 ! FfX** 60 ** M 

didn't have to but f needed A C 

G Lineker (Everton), P ,or 
tay (Newcastle UM. sub: M F* 1 
f.AC MManL 

another minute to recover.” PARAGUAY: R Femanc te, J 

By the time Lineker had K 

r, • W Scnepna, R DeJgaotk J fiunez, B 


recovered, so had England. It 
does not seem so long ago, 
towards -the end of.rite. first 

Switching on to the truth 

By Simon Barnes 

On Wednesday nigbt ( went to 
bed, sheer drank on footbalL At 
any rate, it cannot be denied that 
football was at least a contribu- 
tory factor. First there was 
Eegland-Paragnay (“and 
Lineker abused 

brutally. ...deliberately... 
cynically," said J HU. choking 
with emotion), and then Des- 
mark-Spain as ' an 
unswitchoffable boms. 

Now we have a holiday from 
football, a couple of days to draw 
breath for the final assault on 
the peak. In fact, there are only 
four nights left to ns in the 
competition. After that, per- 
haps, we will be able to take a 
break from televised sport. 

Bnt it will take willpower. 
Even as I write, l know that the 
Test match will soon be starting, 
and then in the afternoon there 
is Royal Ascot (“Oh look, more 
spots, and what absolutely gor- 
geous accessories"). Ascot will 
soon be over — and on Monday, 
Wimbledon starts. Boo, I say! 
The BBC will miss not a ptink 
nor a plonk of that. Bnt, 


perhaps, after Wimbledon we 
win be able to find some self- 
control. and, somehow, prevent 
ourselves from being dragged to 
the telly with a chilled beer 
clasped in oar nerveless fingers. 
Bat on June 23, there is the 
McGmgnn fight, and Wimble- 
don does not actually stop and! 
July 6, and then or July 13 is the 
British Grand Prix (“And this is 
tremendously exciting and back 
to you, James"), and than the 
Open Golf from July 17 to 20. 
And then on July 24. ’arry. we’ve 
got the. yon know. Brano fight 
Which just about wraps it op 
for the summer. Apart from the 
Commonwealth Games, which 
begin on July 24. Oh, and the 
European Athletic Champion- 
ships, starting August 26. And 
don’t forget there are four more 
Test matches to fit in, by the end 

of which, yes, the football season 
would have Started again, and 
the Football League, agog for a 
sponsor to take over from 
Canon, has wasted no time in 
fixing a deal frith television this 


By the end of the year, the 
BBC wOl have given a$ 1,500 
hours of sport, and jolly well 
they do it, too. Most of it 
actually goes out daring the day, 
when there b o the rwis e little or 
nothing on. Bnt there are still 
plenty of people who find this 
figure unacceptably high. 

Sport b just a waste of rime, 
isn't it? Trivial, pointless, erod- 
ing of intellectual standards. To 
put out so many hours of sport 
is, people say, a terrible waste of 
time and money. 

I refute this. An evening of 
sport has more truth than' a 
century of Dallas and Dynasty, 
more goodness than an eon of 
The A Team, more joy than 
anything any mere programme- 
planner cocdd ever contrive arti- 
ficially. 1 wonder, b 1,500 horns 
of spoit quite enough? I think we 
shoukl turn all four channels 
over to full-time sport tomorrow. 

Keep our style, players tell Santana 

Guadalajara (Reuter) — 
Brazilian players do not want 
Tele Santana, the team’s man- 
ager. to change the team's style 
just because of Michel PlaiinL 
They agree that France are a 
strong team and Platini is a 
football genius, but they are 
confident ihe current Brazilian 
team can win tomorrow's World 
Cup quarter-final here. 

Alcmao. the midfield player, 
spoke - for most of his team- 
mates when he said: “I do not 
think we should change our 
style. Playing the way we have, 
we won all four matches, scoring 
nine goals and not conceding 
am. Why change now?’ 

Zico said it was against Brazil- 
ian practice to introduce man- 
for-man marking for one player. 
“Brazilian players do not know 

how to do iL It is better to stick 
with our zonal system, other- 
wise the French team may take 
advantage of the situatioo."he 

“If you try to mark Platini out 
of the match other French 
players will certainly take 
advantage of the space, es- 
pecially (Dominique) 
Rocheteau and (Luis) 
Fernandez,’’ said Socrates, an- 
other veteran of the 1982 World 
Ctip campaign. 

Santana has not revealed his 
game plan to the players yet but 
it is thought that Alemao will be 
asked to watch Platini without 
necessarily dogging his every 

“If Platini attacks through the 
right Efzo can take care of him. 
Through the left flank, then HI 

watch him, but there are other 
good players in the team apart 
from Platini," Alemao said. 

Wednesday’s results 

Second round 







(1)3 Pwagoqf ( 0)0 


(1) 1 Sp* (1) 5 





Bmza v France 

(Tomorrow. Guadalajara. 7pm) 

Wert Germany v Mexico 

(Tomorrow. Monterrey. 11pm) 
Argentina v England 
(Sunday. Azteca Stadkm, 7pm) 
Spain v Belgium 
(Sunday. Puebla. 11pm) 

Ferreira, J Romero, R Cabanas, A 
Cariete, A Mendoza. 

Referee: J A! Sharif (Syria). 

is going to 

Mexico City (Reuter) — Long 
after the goals at this year’s 
World Cup finals have been 
forgotten, people may well remi- 
nisce about what happened after 
them. Nowadays, the celebra- 
tions of goalscorers are often 
more colourful than the. goals 

Gone are the days when a 
goal scorer received a quick 
handshake from his teammates 
as he trotted back to the centre 
circle for the restarLln the 
modem game the commemora- 
tion of a goal has become almost 
a religious ritual and players 
have developed their individual 
ways of expressing their joy. 

Careen, of Brazil, came up 
with a new one after scoring 
against Poland. It appears to be 
an imitation of an aeroplane, 
like a child playing at being a 
747. arms held horizontally and. 
making a zig-zag run. Hugo 
Sanchez, of Mexico, does a 
"I ook-n o-hands" somersault 
flip, while Luis Flores, of Mex- 
ico. likes to lift his jersey high, 
revealing his stomach, as be 
does a half-lap around the pitch. 
Women fans say he has a very 
attractive stomach. 

Julio Romero, of Paraguay, 
goes in for the dramatic knee 
slide towards the touchline: but 
children who play football in the 
streets are. not advised to copy it. 
Josimar. of Brazil, goes in for 
the ice hockey knees-up but this 
one is getting old hat. It was 
used by Lothar Mauhaeus. of 
West Germany, and , NasJco. 
Sirakov. of Bulgaria. Sirakov. 
however, gave it that little bit 
extra by jumping over the 
advertising boardings 

Edinho. of Brazil, launches 
into a skip — the sort of thing 
children do on the way bade 
from school when they know 
they hare no homework. 

man who 
dreams of 

From Clive White 
Qoeretaro • 

Four- years late. Spain’s na- 
tional team have earned the 

S ide of the nation. Just as 
ndco are promising to ride the 
crest of la o!a all the way to the 
World Cup final, so Spain could 
have been lifted had they even 
hinted, as host nation in 1 982, at 
the qualities that destroyed 
Denmark, one of the World Cup 
favourites, at the Corregidora 
Stadium on Wednesday. 

Should Mexico fall away 
Spain must hope that allegiance 
will be transferred to' the mother 
country. Yet had the 64-year-old 
Miguel Munoz been paced in 
charge of the national team 
before reaching an age when 
most men are dreaming of their 
yesterdays, Spain might already 
have done justice to the greai 

footballing traditions of their 
club sides. 

Munoz was captain and man- 
ager of Red Madrid through 
those romantic, idyllic years of 
the 1950s and 1960s and his 
appointment as national man- 
ager seemed an inevitable pro- 
gression after he resigned from 
Real in 1974. But for some 
reason MuAoz's talents were 
allowed to idle for eight years in 
Andalucia. Mudoz has had to 
sustain his dreams. When asked 
after Wednesday's S-l defeat of 
Denmark if this was his greatest 
moment he replied appro- 
priately: “I believe the happiest 
day .of my sporting life has yet to 

Suddenly his claims that 
Spain possessed the best players 
in the tournament had a lot less 
to do with blind patriotism. He 
had, in any case, tempered the 
remark by commenting that "we 
always think our children are 
the prettiest". In the four yeans 
since his appointment after the 
bitter failure of lost Santamaria 
he has lovingly reared the 
Spanish tide who, if not yet the 
prettiest, are certainly one of the 
most effective. 

In 1984 Spain finished run- 
ners-up to France and England 
in the European senior and 
under-2 1 championships 
respectively. Their progress to 
the quarter-final stage of the 
World Cup. the furthest they 
have been in 36 years, has 
coincided with a revival at dub 
level: Spanish dubs reached the 
finals of all three major com- 
petitions last season, winning 
the UEFACup, which Real were 

Five of those who performed 
for tbe nnder-21 side have 

S aduated to full level, including 
utraguerio, whose form has 
shown an increasing maturity, 
since the start of this champion- 
ship. .Taking advantage of Dan- 
ish transgressions in defence, he 
scored four goals, the first time 
anyone has done ■ that in the 
competition since' Eusebio in 

1966. : ‘ - 

But as his goal haul might 
suggest, five out. of Spain's 10. 
they depend heavily upon him. 

As in the European senior 
championship, when. Maceda 
was harshly booked by George 
Courtney, the English referee, 
against Denmark and crucially 
missed tbe final, so Goicoechea 
was mistakenly booked for an 
alleged foul on Elkjaer by the 
equally forthright Dutch referee, 
Jan Keizer, and will miss the 
quarter-final against Belgium at 
Puebla on Sunday. . . 

Munoz, deprived as be is of 
the injured Maceda. will have to 
make another inspired piece of 
improvisation, as he has done 
with the conversion of Gal lego 
to sweeper and Camacho to 
centre-beck. And deprived, too, 
of the irreplaceable Gordillo. he 
may be asking for one rabbit too 
many from out of the hat. 

Opportunity for 
Mrs Edgar to 
stake her claim 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Although the selectors have Ryan’s Son finished first and 
stressed that 'this weekend's Owen GrttOty second in .the 
Dubai Cup meeting at Everest Double Glazing 

Everest Double Glazing 

Hidcstead is not a final trial for Trophy, 
next month's World Champion- Of the other British riders 
ships in Aachen, West Ger- competing in the well-filled 
many, the British team of four classes this weekend, Skelton, 
will be named at Hickstead on winner of Ihe inaugural Dubai 
Sunday, the final day of the Cup in 1984, is likely to go well 
meeting. with tbe long-striding Raffles 

Ronnie Massardla, the Brit- Apollo, as is Miss Hunter with 
ish team manager, said yes- Everest Ltsnamarrow, on whom 
terday ‘that the announcement she produced a crucial dear 

was being made at Hickstead 
purely for convenience. “It can’t 
be a trial anyway,” he said. 

round for Britain in the Nations 

One outsider on whom everv- 

“ because Malcolm Pyrab and one will be keeping a wary eye is 
Tower! an ds Angjezarke aren’t Joe TuiL the former Hungarian. 


The other seven short-listed 
riders are competing, however. 

Joe Tint the former Hungarian, 
trick rider, who impressed at the 
la* meeting — his first 
Hickstead — when he and Vital- 

and while ihe selectors may not took third place in the Grand 
be looking upon the event as a Prix, 

trial, Ted 

ng upon 

d Edgar, 

who trains two No international Hickstead 

of the shortlisted riders — his meeting is complete without 
wife, Liz, and the young Janet - West Germany's Paul 
Hunter — certainly is. “If Liz • Schockemohle, whose record on 
goes well this weekend there's this ground is second to none, 
no reason why she shouldn't be His most memorable wins were 
in the team,” he said yesterday, his second European individual 
On Sunday afternoon Mrs title here in 1983 and the 
Edgar and her top horse. Everest jumping derby tbe year before. 
Forever, now 14 but very much He thought be would have to 
on form, will be aiming for a miss this weekend because of 
second successive win in tbe having to compete in a trial for 
£1 1.000 Dubai Cup, the second the World Championships, but 
richest show-jumping event in his federation excused him at 
Britain after the Hickstead the last moment With three 
Derby. European titles to his credit and 

John and Michael Whitaker, with Diester the only horse to 
who together with Nick Skelton have two clear rounds in the 

• and Pyrah are the front-runners Nations Cup three weeks ago 
for the team for tbe World there seems little need for him to 
Championships, are likely to be be subjected to any further 
Mrs Edgar's chief rivals at trials. 

' Hickstead. Both are bringing Tbe other foreign riders at the 
their likely championship ndes meeting include the full Dutch 
— Next Hopscotch and Next team for the World Champion- 
Warren Point respectively— but ships, headed by Rob Ehrens, 
the horses on which they are who had to miss the Nations 
likely to be most threatening Cup because his wife was having 
this weekend are their two back- a baby. The Irish are fielding 

up horses, tbe ) 8-year-olds, 
Owen Gregory and Ryan's Son. 

their top riders, including Eddie 
Macken, John Ledingham, 

These two former Derby win- Gerry Mullins and a newcomer, 
ners both excel over Hickstead's Paul Duffy, who was the sur- 

big. galloping courses and at the 
Nations Cup meeting three 
weeks ago they proved that age 
has not diminished their skilL 


DENMARK: L Hortu S Busk. M Otter. ( 
NMsan, S Lartiy. JOtaen (sub: J RMbtf. K 
Berporasn. P Bkjaw, M Laudruj. J 
BenHsan, H Andareen (siEr J Ertcsen). 
SPAIN: A Zuttzarreta; T Barones. J 
Camacho. V Mote. A Goicoechea. E 
ButragueAo. J Moreno, R Galtego. R 
Caktera. J Salmas (sutr J Boy), M 

Hstoree: J Keizer {The HathariaiKfcV 

Malang waves:. East 
Germany's Heike Friedrich 
provided the high point of 
the second day of the nation- 
al championships in East 
Berlin with a world record- 
breaking 200 metres free- 
style performance. Miss 
Friedrich, aged 16, docked 
I min 57.55sec to break the 
mark of 1:57.75 set by her 
national team-mate, Kristin 
Otto, in Magdeburg on May 
23, 1984. “I was ont for a , 
time of 1:58, but I never 
expected quite such a good 
swim,” she said afterwards. 


Con tin u e d fr— page 29 


Australia rally to the call of team tennis 

When Pat Cash advanced to 
(he Wimbledon and United 
Slates semi-finals in 1984 it 
seemed that Australia might 
bare had a singles player good 
enough to revise a proud bnt 
fading tradition. Cash has since 
had a variety of fitness prob- 
lems. with their inevitable con- 
sequence: self-doubt. But at 21 
he is young enough to bounce 

back and remind us that two 
years ago he caused almost as 
much or a stir as Boris Becker 
did in 1985. 

Meantime Australia can still 
produce doubles teams capable 
of reaching and sometimes win- 
ning finals. In the past 10 years 
at Wimbledon all-Australian 
partnerships have non the men's 
championships three times and 
fonr Australian teams have been 
runners-up. In 1977 the final 
was exclusively Australian, 
which has not happened in 
singles since 1970. The runners- 
up in the Stella Artois 
championships last Sunday 
were Darren Cahill and Mark 
Kratzmann. both aged 20: two 

more Australians intent on 
shooing the world that tennis 
can be a team game. 

Neale Fraser, Australia's Da- 
vis Cop captain, reckons that 
among modern doubles partner- 
ships there is too much in- 
dividuality and not enough 
teamwork. “Too many of them 
want to hit tbe winners, the big 
ones." he says, “whereas they 
should be setting up winners for 
each other. Australia's record in 
doubles is fairly good. Right 
from the early part iff our careers 
we play as much doubles as 
singles, whereas Americans, for 
example, concentrate on singles. 
I have no doubt that when 1 get 
(be best singles players together 
I can get a good doubles team ont 
of them because they nnderstand 
the basics and can work 

One great Australian doubles 
player. Ken Fletcher, recalls; 
"In Queensland, where 1 grew 
up, the whole weekend was 
taken op playing tennis. We had 
a Saturday competition, singles 
as well as doubles, and on 


Sunday H was all doubles." 
Fletcher played in 10 Wimble- 
don doubles finals, four men's 
and six mixed, and was on the 
winning side in five qf them. "1 
was always fortunate to have a 
partner I felt 1 could win with," 
Fletcher says. “It's like a lot of 
things in life. If you give 
confidence to whoever you are 
with, ami they give you con- 
fidence, you can do well. 

“In that era there were four or 
five Australian pairs who could 
have won Wimbledon. There 
was no way a pair like Fbcfa and 
Seguso could come through be- 
ciuse the best singles players in 
the world were also very good at 
doubles. If you got into a 
tournament you were expected to 
Play singles, doubles and mixed. 
Best of five sets, except for the 
mixed. No chairs. No tie^breaks. 
In doubles we stock to a few 
golden rules, like covering your 
own side of the court (if some- 
body lobs over your head, that's 
your ball). Today a lot of those 
golden rules seem to have gone 
by the wayside." 

Frew McMillan won a 
Wimbledon championship three 
times with Bob Hewitt, an 
Aastralian who eventually emi- 
grated to South Africa. "Both to 
play with and to watch,' Bob 
would be dose to tbe top of the 
list." McMillan says. “The way 
he played was so Individual and 
yd so classical - tremendous 
efficiency of stroke. Artistically, 
he was a genius. But the 
outstanding doubles player of 
my career was probably 
McEaroe. Teams like 
Newcombe and Roche were 
great but individually they were 
nowhere near McEnroe as dou- 
bles players ." 

These days the leading women 
play doubles but, except for tbe 
Swedes, few of tbe leading men 
do. One reason is the disparity 
m prize-money, which bars no 
relation to the quantity and 
quality of entertainment pro- 
vided. “Tbe overall prize-money 
per tournament has been pushed 
up to a phenomenally high 
level." McMillan points outs, 
“and singles players get a huge 

share of ft. So players at tbe top 
do not play doubles. Urey are 
also playing fewer grand prix 
tournaments (because they 
make so much money .when they 
do play) and they play fewer 

"The great pity is thar the 1 
mixed has declined, too. Since : 
the drains were separated the 
standard of women’s tennis has 
been raised Immensely, to such 
an extent that mixed doubles 
could now be an even greater ' 
event than it used to be." j 

The prize-money may be deri- ! 
sory but we may be sure that \ 
applause for the doubles will 
echo through the soft light of 
evening during tbe next fort- 
night- Much of that applause 
will be for Australians, notably 
Peter McNamara and Paul 
McNamee. the successors to 
Newcombe and Roche- Austra- 
lians have not forgotten that 
tennis can be a team game. 

Rex Bellamy 

Tennis Correspondent 


C9nt0«i Town loot) Down 
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01-481 4422 

01-481 9313 



01-481 4000 



prix winner of the big opening 
competition at the last 
Hickstead meeting riding 
Paddy's Son. 


A welcome 
relief to 

By Gordon Allan 

“It is not an instructional 
tome; there are plenty of those 
around for those who feel the 
need,” Patrick Sullivan writes in 
tbe introduction to his book, 
Bowls (Guinness Books: £2.93). 

I hope 1 will not be the only 
reader to fed relief on seeing 
that assurance. There are too 
many “instructional tomes" in 
sport. Vou cannot learn to bowl 
like David Bryant by reading a 
book: you can only absorb the 
basic lessons. After that you 
have to rely on the limited 
ability you were given. 

Bowls needs this book. Mr 
Sullivan gives us in lively style 
the history of tbe ancient game, 
from Thebes to Worthing. He 
gives us its pioneers and or- 
ganizers. with W.G. Grace figur- 
ing large in text and photograph. 
He provides the winners of tbe 
main championships in all 
codes, short biographies of fam- 
ous players, men and women, an 
A to Z of tbe game world-wide, 
and a glossary of technical and 
colloquial terms. 

Not all the photographs are of 
players. Some arc historic One 
of the earliest is of Grace with 
two Scots, Jimmy Camithers 
and James Telfod. respectively 
winner and runner-up in the 
first English Bowling Associ- 
ation singles final m 1905, a 
match the great doctor marked; 
and the last in tbe book comes 
from the Imperial War Museum 
— RAF pilots having a game of 
bowls beside their aircraft, 
carrying on the Drake tradition. 




„ jo-i 
*r at 



Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davafle 

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BBC 1 

64)0 Ccafax AM. 

&50 Breakfast Time with 
Safina Scott and Gyy - 
Mteheknore. Weather at 
6^5,7.25,7.55, 8^5 and 
655; regional news, 
weather and traffic at 657, 
7.27, 757 and *27; 
national and international 

news at 7.00, 7.30, 64)0, 

130 and 100; sport at 
7.20 and IL20; Lynn Fatrids 
Wood's consumer report 
‘ at 652; and a review of the 
. morning newspapers at 
&37, Plus, Glynn Christian 
wWitha weekend's t»st . 

food burs; Man 
Uteri marsh's gardening 

' advice; and Stave ’ 

BlackneH with a round-up 
_ of the pop music naws. . 
&2Q The Patent P r ogra mm e. 
Trie opportunities 
available to mothers of 
. under-flues to become 
■ involved in activity outside 
the home. M5L35C 


1050 Cricket 

Second day’s 
match at ' 

.. . between Gogiand arid 
i India.. 

I tH Mewe Aflac Noon whit 
Moira Stuart, includes ' .. 
news headlines with . 
subtitles. 1.20 Regional 
' news and weather.1.25 Mr 

1.40 Cricket and Racing. 

Further coverage of the 
second day's play in the 
match at Haadingiy 
between England and 
India; and four races from 
the last day of the Royal 
Ascot meeting - the 
Windsor Casfle Stakes 
(250); the Hardwicke 
Stakes (3.05)7 and-the 
Wokingham Stakes (3.45). 

. Cricket and the 450 race 
continued on BBC 2 4.12 
Regional news. 

-4.15 The Amazing Adventures 
... of Morph. Presented by 
Tony Hart (r) 450 ‘ 
-Degtanian and the Three 
Muskehounds. Cartoon 
series, (r) 4.40 Fast 
Forward. Video fun with 
Floetia Beniamin, (r) 

5.10 Gentle Ben. Adventure of 
. a young boy with a pet 

555 World Cop Report, 

presented by Bob Wflson 
and Emtyn Hughes. A 
preview to tomorrow's 
opening quarterfinal 
— matches and to Sunday's 
game between England 
and Argentina. . . 

650 News with Sue Lawley and 
Nicholas WitcheU. 

- Weather. • • 

655 London Pius. 

750 Wogan. Anna Ford's 

iny Everett, Mark 
Greenstreet, and an afi-giri 

755 Fve Got a Secret. The 
secrets of five guests, who 
include Janet Brown, are 
investigated by Jan 
Looming, Derek Jameson, 
Sarah Kennedy and Barry 
Cryer. Tom Q'Connor is 
. the chairman. (Ceefax) 

' 8.10. The CbBiys, Miles eatress 
. ' out his revenge fortha . 

. Joss of Faflon wbiteibe - • 

; erobattled^ff tStcwt.; 
that his mother js going to 
m.But '. 
iathand bythn .-■■ • 
arrival of a surprise ' *• 
witness. (Ceefax) 

- 950 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 

■ 950 Big DeaL Part six of the 
serial about an Inveterate 
card player taring from • 
hand to hand, (n (Ceefax) 

1050 Termte Girls. A 

documentary about life on 
the up-aito-coming young 
girts tennis circuit m the 
• United States, (see : 

11.10 film 86 presented by - 
Barry Norman. 

11.40 Royal Ascot Highlights of 
the Anal day's racing of 
the Royal meeting. 

1250. FBnr Rafferty and the 
Gold Dust Twins ((1975) 
starring AlanArkin as an 
ex-army man who takes a 

tab as a taxi driver. When 

- he is hijacked by two 
women passer * 

Ke Herman and 

along with them on ttie i 
drive to New Orleans. 
Directed by Dick Richards. 
150 Weather. 


6.15 Good 

Morning BriWn 


land Mck Owen. 
News with Gordon ■ 
Honwcombe at 650.7.00 
World Cop sports bulletin 
at 6^0, 7^0 and M 0 ; 
exercises at 655; cartoon 
at75% pop video at 755; 
Jimmy Greaves's 
television higWigms at 
855; a recipe from 
Nanette Newman at 850: 
5u PoBard at 953; and 
health and beauty tips 
from Lizzie Webb at 9.12. 


955 Thames news heaeffma. 
950 For Schools; a house in 
Arizona 850 A visit to 
Kirkstall Abbey and a 
modern Cistercian 
monastery. Mount St 
Bernard 10J» Revision tor 
junior maths 1056 How 
two different couples see 
the roles of husband and 
wHb 10L48 Aflbn ' 
describing anti-sexist 
' activity 11.15 With a famfy 
on a camping hgSday 
1157 The fun of a seaside 
. holiday 1154 Three 
. caremoniee from Jewish. 
Christian and Sikh 
co mmuni ties. 

1250 TeetimeandCtau<(Ba.Fbr 
the very young, (r) 12.10 
Rainbow. Learning made 
ten for the young by 
puppets 1830 Job wlc h. 
A youth training scheme 
on Merseyside, (r) 

150 News at one with Leonard 
Parkin 150 Thames news. 
150 FBn House of Btecfcmair 
1953) sta rring wafiam 

blackmailer have to 1 
the real URer in order to 
prove their Innocence. 
Directed by Maurice Ehray 
350 Take the High RoetiL 

Drama serial set In the 
Scottish highland estate of 
Gtendarrocn. 35S Thames 
news headkies 350 Sons 
and rWnn Ma r, 

4.00 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
12.104.15 Madame 
Gusto's Chous. Cartoon 
series about a wierd dreus 
and its owner. 455 
Scooby-Doo. Cartoon 450 
\ The Bfzz includes a 
of the autumn 
.videos and a 

guest band. 



presentedby Dave! 

With Liza Goddard. Alfred 
Marks, Suzanne Dando, 
Gyles Brandreth, Sheila 
Staetel and Jimmy 

5.45 News. 

650-Tlie SCrCfocfcShOw. 

750 Film; Diamonds (1975) 
starring Robert Shaw and 
Richard Roundtree. 

Thrtter about a pair of 
: thieves intent on reBeyjng ■ 
thaTel Aviv diamond 
exchangebfifs bfflon 

- dollars worth of precious 

V'T^ones. Dtectedby 

-/* • Menahem Golan. 

950 ThePrectot Drmrw serial 
I satin a modem health '• 

- centre. (Oracle) 

1050. News atTen.. 

1050 The LondonPrognosne 
examines ttte > . 
government’s dakns that 
London's health services 
are Inmrdiring. John 
' Taytorhears evidence of 
outbacks that seem to 
refute the dakns Hte 

and economies made, the 
health swvioe in the 
capital has suffered . 
Irreparable damage. 
Followed by LWt News 

1150 I n tem a tio nai Athletics. 
T he Kod ak AAA 
Championships from 
, Crystal Palace. . 

1150 HawakFhre-O. Steve 

McGanrett solves another 
sun-drenched mystery. 

1250 Film: The Sorcerers 
(1967)starrtng Boris 
Karloff as a retired stage 
hypnotist who fries to . 
oontrol another person's 
mind. Directed by Michael 

1.5S Night Thoughts. 

Gabi Sabetini: Teoais Giris, vn 
BBO at 1050pm 

1050pm) balances the familiar 
aphorism about its being 
tough at the top with some 
evidence that it can be just as 
tough at the bottom. Martina 
Navratfiova's principal 
concern appears to be whether 
Wimbledon 1966 will give her 
mother two plates. Sne wants 
eight Chris Evert Lloyd’s 
damme is whether she should 
go on making more mtiBons. 
or quit and start a is 
lower down the ladder mat 
the stress begins to show more 
dearly. For example, in the 
case and face of the 1 tyear-old 
Argentine prodigy Gad 
SabatinL Young and 
beautifuLshe is paying the 
penalty tor being both. Sponsors 
are panting after tier, and the 
physical demands of playing 19 
tournaments a year insteadof 


the six the tennis authorites have 
ruled she should play, are 
taking their toil. But for real 
stress - the btood^weat and 
tears end of the market - there is 
nothing in tonight's film to 
equal me youngsters we see 

slogging it out m the tennis 
schools, or desperately trying to 
up their points on the 
computers that decide whether, 
ultimately , these embryo 
stars wfll experience the 

preoccupations of 

Navratilova at at. 

(B8C2. 950pm) ts a departure 
from previous Your Lite in 
that Hands films in that the 

happy ending is not all in the 
major key .Childless after nine 
years ol marriage. Val 


Boatman suddenly concervas. 

The tragedy is that the 
embryo is lodged not in the 
womb but in a fallopian tube, 
and she might wall die unless the 
constant bleeding can be 
stopped. Robert Winston is the 
gynaecokxst who performs 
the microsurgery. Ha talks us 
through it with that same gift 
.for making the miraatious seem 
merely routine displayed by 
his predecessors In this peerless 
medical series. 

•Radio choiefcThomas 

(Rad»3,750pm) calls itself 
the fiction about that notorious 
chameleon Brendan Bracken, 
but we can't be sure that it is. 
This is what happens when 
you write a hfe of a man who 
invented himself. 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

&55 Open Unfveratty: SrazS- 
Fueffing the Mirade 750 
Weekend Outlook. Ends at 

950 Ceefax. 

10.15 Daytime on TWo: the 
nature of stars and 
constellations. For the 
hearing Impaired 1055 
• C eefax 1150 How a 

•compute r helped to solve 

and why 

tower block estates were 

250 Tends, Crtefcetand ^ 

Pffldngton Gias^Ladies’ 
Tennis Championships 
from Devonshire Pane. 
Eastbourne; the second 
day's play of the Second 
Test between England and 
India at Head ngtey: and 
the King’s Stand Stakes 
(4 50) at Royal Ascot 

6.1F Hr Green Fire (1 954) 
starring Grace KeUy and 
Stewart Granger. 
Roma n ti c drama, set in 
Colombia at a time when 
coffee and emeralds were 
. the prime industries, and 
not cocaine. Adventurer 
Rian Mitchell has to 
choose between exploiting 
an emerald mine and 
' losing the love of Ns fife 
who owns the adjoining 
coffee plantation. Directed 
by Andrew Marion. 

750 Petit Pierre. An award- 
winning short about a deaf 
and dumb cowherd who, 
over a period of 25 years, 
buSt a nuqe merry-go- 
round in the Forest of 
Orleans In France. 

850 South on Two. The 
second of two 
progrsnmes in wMch Ray 

Gosling takes a behind- 
the-scenes took at life In a 
Weymouth holiday camp. 

650 iS L dene re * World from 
Bemsdale. David Stevens, 
the designer of a low 
maintenance plot for 
gardeners witn Btito time, 

• shdws-Geoff Hamfiton . 

. howtoget the most out of 
Ns creation. 

950 Enteftainmeat.tJSA 2 ' 

presented by Jonathan 
King. There s an interview 
"with Tina TUrher arid yitits. 

tothe Miss America - 
■ contest and the United 
States's meet luxurious 
heahhSpa. (Revised - 

950 Your Ufa in Their Hands. 
The gyhaetogicaJ 
operation on Mrs Val 
Bootman. (Ceefax) (see 

1050 Cricket $econd Test 
Highlights of the second 
day's play in the match at 
HealS ngtey, introduced by 
Richie Benaud. 

1050 Newsnight 
11.15 Weather. 

1150 The Lords TM> Week. 
Christopher Jones reports 
on the week’s 
proceetings in the House 
of Lords. 

1250 Whistle Test A repeat of 
Tuesday'sedition which 
included performances by. 
among others. The 
Pogues, Blue in Heaven, 
ana Fountain head. 

1255 I n ter na t io n a l Tennia. 

HighUghts of the semi-final 
matches ri the Pi Hongton 

Ends at 155. 


2.15 Their L or dship * * House. A 
repeat Of last raght's 
highlights of the days 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. 

250 Dread BMt An* Stood. A 
profile of Linton Kwesi 
Johnson, poet writer wid 

350 Pretend You*B Survive. An 
animated anti-nuclear film 
made a by a feminist 
collective, the Leeds 
Animation Workshop. 

350 Asian Arts. The first of a 
new seven-part series of 
documentaries exploring a 
wide range of creative 

450 Dancin' Days. Carios. 
relaxing after Marisa’s 
successful party . begins to 
ponder Ns meeting with 

550 Car 54, Where Are You?* 
vintage American comedy 
series about two hapless 
New York poficemen. 
Today, Toody’s wife. 
Ludfte, decides to attract 
her husband's attention by 
becoming a platinum 
blonde. Starring Joe E 
Ross and Fred Gwyrme. 

550 Rewind. A compilation of 
highlights from Channel 
4's pop music shows 

6.15 Revid. Gary Crowley and 
Jon Stephen Fink review 
the week's video releases. 

650 Sofid Soul presented by 
Juliet Roberts and Chris 

750 Channel Four news 
includes a report from 
inside the Foreign Office 
as Britain prepares to run 
the Common Market for 
the next six months. 


750 Book Choice. Antonia 
Fraser reviews a new - 
history of modem ’ 
Scotland - A Century of 
the Scottish people 1 830 - 
1950, by T.C5mout 

850 What the Papers Say. with 


8.15 Looks FamMar Introduced 
Denis Nordem. Janet 
frown, Frankie Howard . 
and Ken Dodd reminisce . 
‘ about the Thirties and 
Forties. ” 

950 The Cosby Show: - 
. Vanessa’s grades seem to 
- be slipping after she 
becomes smitten with the 
ha ndsome Robert 

950 Gardeners 1 Calendar. 

•• introduced by Hannah 
Gordon from the RHS 
garden at Wisley. The 
propogation of summer 
shrubs and thinning 
peaches are among the 
subjects covered In this 
edition. (Oracle) 

1050 Cheers. Sam and Diane 
think they are about to (fie 
when the pfiot of the smaS 
plane they are in 
colfapses, and bath reveal 
their true feeflngs for each 
, other. (C 

1050 Caring in the< 

Time to Care. A 
documentary featuring five 
different experiences of 
the caring situation. The 
narrator b Thora Hkd. 

11.15 Fine Refuge (1981) 
starring Anne Twomey, 
James Conqdon. WBi 
Jeffries and Alexandra 
O' Karma. A drama about 
the confrontation between 
four people on a remote 
island of the coast of 
Maine. Directed by Huck 
Fakraan. Ends at 1255. 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at 
end. . 

555 Shipping. 650 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farrtmg. 

65S ftayar is) 

650 Today, tnd 650. 750, 

850 News. 6.45 
Business News. 655, 74B 
Weather. 750, 850 
News. 755. S55 Sport 755 
Thought for the Day. 655 
Yestwday in Par&ament. 

850 Letters. 857 
Weather Travel 
950 News 

95S Desert Island Discs. 

Michael Parkinson in 
conversation with Max 
Hastings (r 
945 Feedback. 

Dunktoy airs listeners' 

1050 News; Intemationai 
Assignment SBC 
correspondents report from 
around the world. 

1050 Morning Story: Gobbo 
and Son, by Patrick 
O'SuBivan. Reaper 
Crawford Logan. 

1045 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 42) (si 
1150 News; Travel: In Two 
Worlds.' Anita Bata hears 

young Aslans from 
Birmingham who journeyed 
to India (r) 

1148 Natural selection with 
Ray Goodwin. 

1250 News: The Food 

1227 The Cabaret Upstairs. 

Acts from the London 
cabaret circuit (si 
150 The World at One News 
140 The Archers.. 

250 News; Woman's Hour. 
Indudes a feature an the 
youngsters vteo seek help 
from Gamblers 

350 News: The Man Who 


450 News 

455 J Kingston Platt... 
remembers a lifetime in 
show business. With Peter 

450 Kaleidoscope. Last 

night's edition, repeated. 
PM: News Maganne. 
650 News: financial 


'650 HR List Carol and Derek 
- Royte pick six pieces of 

music they new want to 
hear again - and explain 
why to Derek Robinson (s) 
750 News 
755 The Archers 
720 Pick of the Week. 

Margaret Howard's 

820 Law in Action (new 
series). Joshua 
Rosenberg rBttxns. 

845 Any Questions? wllh 
Smriey WUSamsMP, 

Norman St John-Stevas MP. 
Germatee Greer and 
Clive Jenkins. From Rugby. 
950 Letter from America by 
Alistair Cooke. 

945 Kaleidoscope, inckides 
comment on Invid 
Bergman's book As Time 
Goes By. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Still 
Life, by Richard Cobb (5). 
Reader; Cyrfl Luckham. 

1050 The World Tonight 
1150 Today In Parftamsnt 

11.15 The Financial World 

1150 Week Ending, (s) f 
1250 News; weather. 

VHF (avaflable in England and 
as above 

Weather; Travel 1150- 
1250 For Schools. 15S- 
350pm For Schools . 550- 
555 PM (continued). 1250- 
1.10 am Schools ttight- 
Tlme Broadcasting: : 

( Radio 3 ) 

On metfium wave. VHF variations 
between 1055am and 650pm. and 
from 655am to 655am. 

655 Weather. 7.00 News 
755 Concert ZtooG (Suite In 
F: with Maurice 
Andre.trumpet). Litotff 
(Scherzo, Concerto 
symphonique No 4: Irene 
Scharrer .piano), 

Chausson (Symphony in B 
flat) 6.00 News 
855 Concert(contd): Handel 
(Concerto Grosso in D 
minor. Op 6 No 10). Mozart 
(aria Al desk) di chi 
t'adora: Janet Baker, 
mezzo). Mendelssohn 
(Symphony No 1). 950 News 
955 This Week's Composer 
BachSonatina from 
Cantata No 106; Passacag&a 
In C minor, BWV 5882: 
Koopman, organ); Cantata 
No 195: Wurttemberg 


Kantoreiand . 
13 and 14 from Art of the 

Fugue. BWV 10B0) 

1050 Dcxatl conducts 

Phjinarmania m Haydn’s 
Symphony No 49, and 
Detroit SO in Strauss's 
Der Rosenkavalier 
1055 Test Mateh: second day 
of the Second Test. 

England v India. Test 
coverage continues 
on Radio 3 medium 
wave until 6.30. 

Other Radio 3 
programmes transfer ■ 
to VHF. from 10.55am 
unlit 6.30. 

1055 Schubert and Bant* 
Quartets: Melos 
Quartet o( Stuttgart 
Schubert (C major, D 
45) and BartoklNo 3j 
1155 Settings of Walter dete 
Mare: Partridge 

(tenor},Stephen varcoe 
Partridge. Works by 
Berkeley. Arthur Bliss. 

Ivor Gurney and Sntten 
12.10 London Mozart Players 
(under Jane Glover). Part 
one.. Mozart {Divertimento in 
D. K 136), Roussel 
(Sffifometta. Op 52). 

Vaughan WMams (Oboe 
Concerto). 150 News 
155 Concert (contd): 

Stravinsky (Concerto in 
D), Tchaikovsky (Serenade. 
Op 48) 

155 Busoni. Brahms: Andrew 
Marriner (clarinet). Alan 
Graviil (piano). Busoni 
(Begie), Brahms (Sonata 
m F minor. Op 120 No 1) 

225 Scottish Ensemble 

(under Friedman). WHkam 
Wordsworth (Begy for 
Frieda), Harper {Fantasia 
D)and Kenneth Elliott 
arrangement of Old 
Scottish Dances. 

350 Pioneers: American 
muse. Seegsr (Suite tor 
nano and wind quintet), 
Cowell (A Composition., 

1926). Ruggtes (Vox damans 
m deserto), Cowell (The 
bansheeLSeeger (Three 
songs, 1930-1: with Mary 
King, soprano) 

450 Choral Evensong: from 
the Chapel of New 
College, Oxford. 455 News 
550 Mainly for Pleasure, 
recorded music, 
presented by Andrew Kenner 
On medium wave:- 
650 pmGuitar music: Paul 
Gregory plays works by 
Mozart (Four Airs from 
Magic Flute). Torroba 
(Aires de la Mancha), and 
bodgson (Partita No t) 

750 Czerny: Grande 

Serenade Concertanta in 
(Maknsbury clarinet Welsh. ceMo; 
Golddstone, piano) 

750 That Man, Bracken: Alan 
Rickman plays Brendan 
Bracken in Thomas Kflroy's 
“fictional “feature. The 
narrator :T P McKenna 
Royal Liverpool 
Phfoarmonk: (under 
Vernon Handteyj.with 
George Caird (oboe), 

Raphael Waifisch (cefio).Part 
one. Mozart (Marriage of 
Figaro overture), Flnzi 
{Concerto tor cello, 

940 The German Puzzle: Ian 
McDougafi on the two 

1050 Concert (contd): Kenneth 


obo^strtegs). Debussy 

(Suite symphonique: 

1050 Egon Pain: piano 

records. Busoni (Fantasy 
on Carmen themes). Liszt 
(Piano Concerto No 2, 
with LPO). Franck 
(Preiude$.Chorete a 
Fugue). Beethoven (Sonata 
in E, Op 109) 

1157 News. 1250 Closedown 
VHF only; Open 
University. From 655am to 
655.Matfis foundation 

C Radio 2 ) 

4.00 am Colin Berry (s)550 
Ray Moore (s) 750 Derek Jameson 
(s) 950 Ken Bruce (s) 11.00 
Jimmy Young, (s) 155 pm David 
Jacobs (s) 255 Gloria 
Hunmford (s) ind Racing from 
Royal Ascot 355 Hardwicks 
Stakes 350 David Hamilton (s) ind 
Racing from Royal Ascot 3.45 
Workingham Stakes Handicap and 
420 King's Stand Stakes 555 
John Dunn in China. John tries to 
assess the imped ot 'the West' 
on China and also the potential 
effects of China on ‘the West’ 

(s) 750 Hubert Gregg says Thanks 
for the Memory (s) 750 Friday 
night is music ntaht from Blackpool 
md. at 82D94oPetef Clayton 

Sports Desk 1050 NiaU 

Murray Sings with the Langham 
Orchestra 1030 Bamte 
Clifton's Comedy Shop. 1150 
Angela Rippon (stereo from 
midnight) 150 am Jean Challis 
presents Nightride (s) 350450 
A Little Night Musk: (s) 

( Radio 1 ~") 

550 Adrian John 750 Mflce 
Smith’s Breakfast Show 950 
Simon Bates 1250 Newsbeat 
i Parkinson) 1245 Gary Davies 
Wright and Mike 

I Steve 

Smith report from Wembley Arena 
where the stars are assembled 
for the Princas's Trust Brithday 
Concert 550 Newsbeat (Ian 
Parkinson) 545 Singled Out (Janice 
Long) 750 Andy Peebles Live 
at the Royal Albert Hall for the 
Muscular Dystrophy Pro- 

Celebrity Tennis Tournament 
1050-1250 The Friday Rock 
Show with Chris Tetetey (s) 


M0 Nawsdssk 850 Martian 700 Naws 

759 Twenty-Four Hours 750 Beet of 

Bmah 745 Meretiant Navy Progra m; ne 

850 News 159 Reflections 615 PM 

Piper 850 Music Now 950 News 950 

Review ol British Prase 9L15 world Today 

950 Financial Naws 945 time Machine 

1050 News 1001 Off the Beaten Track 

10.15 Mercnant Navy Progra mm e 11.00 

News 1159 News About Britain 11.15 
SpensworM 1150 Mari ffla n 1250 Redo 

Newsreel 12.15 Jazz Fbr the Askra 1245 

Sports Romtup 150 News 159 Iwenty- 

Fbur Hours 150 Best of British 250 News 

251 Oudook 245 Radon at Royal Ascot 

350 Radio Newsreel 3.15 Exiles in their 

own country 450 News 459 Comm e nt a ry 

4.15 Science in Action 545 Sports 

roundup 745 About Bream 850 News 

359 Twenty-Four Hours 850 Science In 

Action B50 News 951 ioiatlan 9.15 Music 

NOW 9L45 The Heet of the D» 1050 News 

1059 Vttxtd Today 10 l 25 Latter from 

Northern Ireland 1050 Financial News 

1040 Reflections 1045 Sports Roundup 

1150 News 1159 Co mme nt a ry 11.15 

From the WeekJteS 1150 BBC ~ 

1250 News 1259 News About 

12.15 Radio Newsreel 1250 About Britain 

1245 Recording of the Week 150 News 

151 Outlook 150 ON the Beaten Track 

145 A Perfect Spy 250 News 2.09 Review 

of the British Press 2.15 Violation 250 

People and Politics 350 News 359 News 

About Bntaln 3.15 World Today 445 

Reflections 450 Financial News 550 

News 559 Twenty-Four Hours 545 The 

World Today. AB times in GMT. 

Cup Report IJOwb- 155 News and 

1050-1050 The Baschgnnn 
G a rdanat s ' Roadshow. 1P5B 

050-1 1.40 Ten- 

nte Girts. 1150 Programmes _ 

BBC1 London. 1.10-1.15 Weather 
NORTHBtN RB4N0555p»540 
Today's Sport 54K50 ktide tester. 
655-750 World Cup Report 150am- 
155. News and wsatimr K55pm-750 Re- 
gional naws magazines 

BBC? SC0114ND 1150am- 
B35s£, IJXton Intemationai GdK 

(Carroftlrigh Open) 250-8.1 5 Tan- 
ms. God, Crickatand Racing NORTHERN 
MELAM1 H 50am-1.19pm God 
(Carrol's Irish Open) 250-8.15 Tends. 
Oori. Crickat and Radna 850450 

TeflyAdOCB WALES 850pm-850 


Two. MDLAM& Them And Us NORTH: 


The Lost RnmrofGapmgGM: 
through. NORTH-EAST: Make « In BuaF 
nessAwvds 1986. NORTHWEST: A 

Collection oftedividuais. SOUTH: South 

On Two: Bkws SOUTHWEST: Floyd 

On Food WEST: Them And ua. 

^ WEST ££3^ 

1 50-350 Rkn: Man in Bhdi &15- 
545 Mr and Mrs 850 News 650 Prab- 
lams 750 Altxon Market 750-950 
Ffen: The Stremflghter 1050 Your $ay 

1045 WeBs Cathedral 11.15 Athletics 

1145 Cher at Caesar's Patera 124 5a m 






Aa London ex- 

155 Lookaround 150-350 Rtar Rad 
MoumamLAien Ladd) 5.1&545 Now You 
Seek 650 Northern Life 650 Me 8 
My Girl 750 Albion Market 750450 
Ffcrc The Streetfightar (Charles 
Bronson) 1032 AMeocs The Ktrtk AAA 
Ch a mpio ns hip 1150 Nti ti nt 1250 
Mtce Hammer 1 50am Three's company. 

TX/Q As London except 150pm 
■■ ■ ■ News IJORfty^to 2504.00 
Survival 350-450 Countiy &P 5.15* 

545 Connections 850 Coast to Coast 

850-750 That 's Gardening 1050 
Praonan Caa Block H 1150 Roddtm and 
Roitng with the Zasu Pills Memorial 
Orchestra 2.15am Company. CJosedovm. 

S4C Startr 150pm Dancin' Days 
SsssS. 150 Bum of Bream 250 biterva) 

2.15 Sttri Sbri 255 imarval 355 Fknc 

Wabash Avenue 450 Dan Draed 555 Y 


750 Taro Tam 8J» Y Byd Ar Badwar 

955 Paki Mlam 950 Kate and Aiks 950 
FSm: The Innocent 1155 Archie 
Bunker's Place 1256em Closedown. 


Young Doctors 5.15445 Now Your 

See 8*50 Lookaround 650 Takstho 

Closedown. ■ 


Reports 150 Week Vtow 250-350 
Hotel 350-400 Young Docxxs 5.15-545 
Now You See k BOO Granada Re- 
ports 650 Me 8 My Girl 750 Aliion Mar- 
ket 750-950 FSm: The Straetfighter 
(Charles Bronson) 1050-11 .OOCWstra- 
tion 1150 Rim: They Came From Be- 
1.10am Just Jazz 155 

ANGM At^^Uo 

Filne Last Page (Wans Dora) 5.15- 
545 CormaSvis 550 About AngUs 750 
Aflwi Market 750-950 FSm: The 
StraetUrier 1050 Crosa Question 11.15 
Atitiatics 1145 Film: Gomdore of 
Blood 150em John Penvy m Person. 


Rfty/Ftfty 250-350 Stavlval 350- 
450 Countiy GP 5.15-545 Cormecsons 
850 Channel Rtoort 855-750 
Jane 8 Owy 1050 Prisoner CaH Block H 
1150 Roddng and Rolling with me 
Zasu PWs Memorial Orchesoa 2.15am 

As London i 


Black 350-450 Young Doctors 5.1S- 

545 Blockbusters BjM Today South 

Wan 650 Sportsweek 750 Aflsion 
Market 750450 FHnc The Sfreettigntar 
1052-1150 Gardens lor A8 1150 
Meknn Purvis -G-Man 1245am Poat- 
scnpL Closedown. 


Hinr Green Hel 5.15-545 Now You 
See It 850 News 7.00 AKSon Market 
7505.00 Bkn: The straetfignter 
(Charles Bronson) 1055 Central Week- 
end 1250 Fftn; Blue Blood 140am 


130-350 Ftor. I Only Arskad (Ber- 
nard Bresslaw) 5.15-545 Connections 
850 Nonn Tontghi 750 Atoion Mar- 
ket 750-950 Fwre The Streetfiffitar 
(Charles Bronson) 1030-1150 
Crossfire 1150 Bogan 1250am News. 


155 Hek> Yourself 150-350 FitiTV 
The Trap (lea J Cobb) 5.15-546 Now 
You See It 650 Calendar 630 Me 
and My Gel 750 AMon Market 750-050 
F3m: The Straettehtsr (Charles 
Branson) 1050 AtMabCS 1 1.00 Ffcrc The 
Human Factor 1250am Closedown. 

SCOTTISH As London e*- 
auul 'iyK capr 150pm News 
150 Country Practice 250 Cookmg 
for Catobrationa 350-350 Pnzewmnors 
6.15-545 Connections 650 News 
and Scotland Today 550 Report 750 Al- 
ban Market 750-950 F9m: The 
Straetfrgtinr 1050-11J» ways and 
Mearol 150 Lata Cafl 1135 TJ 

Hooker 1250am dotedown. 

350 Film: Isn't Lde Wonderful? (Cecal 
Parker 5.15-545 Now You See it 850 
Good Evsnkig Ulster 6.15 Sponscast 
650 Ditfrern Strokes 750 Alban Market 
750-950 Film: The Streetfightar 
(Charles Bronson) 1D50 Wfmesa 10JS- 
1150 BamsyMiRer 1150 Hotel 
1255am News. Closedown. 




8861 36*3 I'm 8pm SW 

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■ TME PIT lorn. Mon A Tues 

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836 9837/741 9999/240 7200. 

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7756. Eire 7.46 MU Sal 250 

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722 9301. Eire 
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01-240 7200 

Cw 730 Uatt WM Mid Sat 24) 





t she*" O. Express 


Toroght until. June 25 iMaii 

bi Repertoire arfBi 


Next Berts June 26 
<El« unU July 2 i Mai) 

HER HAJESTY5. Haymartcrt 
930 4025/6606 2046/2856 
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CC DOOKBfSS ON *1 240 7200 



LYTTELTON “S’ 928 2262 CC 

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stare ) Ten - ! 7.46. Tamar 2 16 

■low price mall a 746. then 

Jutv II A 12 lad perfs LOVE 

MAYFAIR S CC 629 3036. Mon- 
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"Tba Beet TteiBar ter yean" SM 


"An unabashed winner" 6 Cap 
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tufa 633 0880 AR COW 

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405 0072 CC 379 6433 E\*» 7.46 

Tue 6 Sal 3.00 6 7.46 . 




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437 450b. 734 9636. Credit Card 

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hairs 836 3962 930 0123. 





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2 CC Holilnr 960 0844/5/6CfrP 

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QUEEN’S 01-734 1166. 734 

1167. 734 0261 734 0120. 439 

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ROYAL COURT S CC 730 1745 
Mon Thu 8. Frt 6.46 * 845. 
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COT* C. Lure IS 

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2664 Eras 7 30. Sal Mats 3.0. 


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DYertod A CJioteojmphed by 
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Previews from io juy 
Open 17 July a) 7.00pm 


■07891 296626 or TlckrtmastcT 


and JoBat Tentota. Men 7.3a 

Sat 1 .30 H B tif i Tala Tumor. 
Tue 750. Swan Ttaaftrc. ftw y 

■fan Tomtit- Men 7.30. Sal 

1.30. K in a a i an Tomor. Tue. 

7.3a For spmal meoi/iheaire 

deals and hotel stop over mg 

■07891 67262. 



“The very best of Britain's ctpmd 
latent** Dally Mail 
See separate entries under. 



and CC 01-836 9987/6646. Find 

Call iCC 24 f*r»> Ol -240 7200 iBMf 

leer Eves 7 30. Wed Mats 2.303 

Sals 6.0 6 8 IS. 



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THE • • • • ■ MUSICAL 




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“The nr? beet af ItaDn” 


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8363962 Mon-Frl 8 00 Wed Mai 

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■Guardian I 





when we .are married 

By J.B. PnpvOey 
Dirrelrel by Ronald Eyre 



WORLD" S. Exams 

TM SM Eves 7 46 
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FRIDAY JUNE 20 1986 



Fust prifebed in 1785 



England’s labours 

get their reward 

By John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

HEADISGLEY: India have 
scored 235 for eight against 

On a day of typically 
Headingley cricket India 
scored 535 for eight when the 
second Test match, sponsored 
by ComhiU. began there yes- 
terday. Shortly before tea they 
were 160 for three, but batting 
was becoming harder as the 
day went on so that India's 
evening decline was no great 
surprise. If it is anything like 
as cloudy today as it was after 
tea yesterday India's bowlers 
will be as well pleased as 
England's were. 

Although Emburey turned 
the ball during the eight overs 
he bowled during the morn- 
ing. Gatting decided from 
lunchtime onwards to put his 
faith almost exclusively in his 
faster bowlers. I was not alone. 
I am sure, in wondering at the 
wisdom of this, but it worked 
out for him in the end. 

Gatting had been left with- 
out Gower, who ruled himself 
out after having a net before 
the start, and tor some time 
India had looked too much 
like making 350 or more for 
England's comfort. But 40 
minutes after tea Lever, the 
old war-horse, came up with 
two vital wickets in successive 
balls — those of Vengsarkar 
when well set and the danger- 
ous Kapil Dev. Gatting need- 
ed that. To have had only 
four, perhaps five, wickets to 
show for the day's labours 
would not have been enough. 

Gower is one of five mem- 
bers of the England side which 


BUNA: Fiat fend 
S M Qrosksr c French b I 
K Snkkantti c Entfjurey 0 1 



R J Stestn c Pringle b DO«y 32 

O B Vengsffifcar c French b Lever — 61 
M Azhwucftffn Bn* b Gooch ■ 15 
■ Kapil Dev few b Lever 0 

c S Pandit e Emburey b Pringle 
R M H BMny c Stock D Enboray 
Hatton Lai not out 
fK S Mora not out 

Extra (K> 5, nto 4) 
Tata! (8 wfcts). 

- 11 


Matrindar Singh to bttL 
FALL OF WICKCTSc 1*64, 2-75, 3-128, 4- 
163. 5-203, 6-203. 7-211, 6-213. 

86 -2: 


ENGLAND: G A Gooch, W N Stock, C L 
Snath. W Getting. A J Lamb, C W J 
A they. □ R Pringle, J E EnBwrey. f8 N 
French. G R DBtey. J K Lever. 

UmpfmtsJ Bekerahawml n J Constant 

I, a-CW, B-OMI 

WUNG: D*ey 15-7-40-1; Lever 28-4- 
2: Pringle 2&4D3; Emburey 17-4- 
1 ; GooSi 6-0-19-1. 

lost at Lord's not to be playing 
here. The others are Robin- 
son. Downton. Edmonds and 
Ellison. Of those who replaced 
them. French is the one new 
cap. From out of the hat. India 
produced Madan Lai from 
Ashton-under-Lvne. where he 
plays as their professional in 
the' Central Lancashire 
League, and Delhi. 

An underrated all-round 
cricketer, now 35. Madan Lai 
last played in a Test match in 
October, 1984. 1 doubt wheth- 
er Prabhakar. a member of the 
official Indian touring party 
now deprived of a game, wifi 
have thought much of 
Madan's selection. Another 
member of India's side at 
Lord's. Amamath. was also 
unfit, his place being taken by 

It was the sort of toss 
captains are happy to lose: it 
looked a nice morning for 
baiting, but not a bad one for 
bowling. In the event, the ball 

moved about less than En- 
gland must have hoped. After 
four overs. India were 26 for 
no wicket. Lever's two having 
cost IS runs, eight of them to 
the untenamed third man 

Gatting. I know, had been 
urged by Peter May to have a 
third man from the start, as he 
would have been by Alec 
Bedser when he was chairman 
of selectors. But Lever should 
know by now what he needs in 
any given conditions, and all 
he wanted to start with behind 
the wicket on the off side were 
a couple of slips. When Lever 
came off after 70 minutes, his 
figures were 8-1-38-0, Dilley 
having beaten the bat a lot 
more often. 

But it is seldom that a 
session passes at Headingley 
without wickets falling, as two 
did now in the 40 minutes 
before lunch. In the twentieth 
over. Pringle's fourth, 
Srikkanth was caught at mid- 
on, driving without due care 
and attention, and at 75, in his 
sixth, Pringle drew Gavaskar 
into error. As at Lord's, 
Gavaskar was disgusted with 
himself for being out speculat- 
ing outside the off-stump. It 
would not have escaped 
Pringle's attention, I am sure, 
that that is a better place to 
bowl than on an Indian's Ins. 

By lunch, taken at 92 lor 
two. Shastri had been dropped 
by a bearded Yorkshire mem- 
ber in dark glasses at long-on, 
when he drove Emburey for 
six. It was a good morning's 
cricket, with more anxious 
moments for England than 
India. The afternoon became 

The sun 
as Gatting 


more aurilionaL 
came and went 
shuffled his faster 

At 128. Shastri was caught 
at first slip off Dilley. a well- 
deserved wicket. At 163. 
Azharuddin. pushing most ol 
the way forward to Gooch, 
was leg-before. Jack 
Birkenshaw. standing in his 
first Test match in his fifth 
season on the umpires' list, 
gave the decision. He has it in 
common with A they that he 
a Yorkshire exile returning 
home. Shastri had shown his 
versatility by playing mosl 
competently at No. 3 in the 
absence of Amamath. and, 
until he was out, Azharuddin 
had batted for an hour with 
easy elegance. 

At 200 for four, India were 
still having the better of the 
day. Vengsarkar was past bis 
50. playing no less well than he 
did at Lord's, and Pandit, in 
bis first Test match, was 
becoming perkily confident. 
They had added 50 and En- 
gland were badly in need ol 
another wicket when Lever, 
bowling over the wicket, slant- 
ed one across Vengsarkar to 
bave him caught at the wicket 
and brought the next ball back 
into Kapil Dev to win a leg- 
before decision from umpire 
Constant. India's captain 
showed some surprise. 

That was at 203. At 211 
Pandit edged Pringle straight 
to Emburey at first slip. At 213 
Slack fell forward at forward 
short leg to scoop up Binny's 
defensive prod off Emburey, 
who had come back briefly to 
give Lever a rest. 

r • fti '■ 

st. •_ Vr^-.v 

»- .*s-v . : 

Twist and shout: Azharuddin, India's prodigious young batsman, is leg-before to Gooch dur- 
ing the first day of the second Test at Headingley yesterday 


Young bloods can make 
Games selection tough 

The long and the short of 
the AAA championship pro- 
gramme tonight, the 1 0.000m 
and 100m. promise some 
fascinating and spectacular 
competition and entertain- 
ment. There will also be some 
weeping and gnashing ofteeth, 
for these 96th championships 
— allowing for the 10 wartime 
cancellations since 1880 — 
sponsored this year by Kodak 
are also the final trials for the 
majority of the England Com- 
monwealth Games team, 
which will be selected on 
Sunday and announced on 

Linford Christie has his first 
run in Britain since surprising 
the world and himself — 
“when I saw the dock I 
thought it must have stopped 
when I was halfway down the 
track" — in Madrid two weeks 
ago when he broke Allan 
Wells's six-year-old United 
Kingdom 100m record with 

There will be much interest 
in how John Dinan and Chris 
Perry, the Australian ex-pro- 

By Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 

fessional sprinters, fare 
against Christie. But the long 
trip from the other side of the 
world last weekend will not 
bave left them in the best 
condition for sprinting, and 
Christie will probably be mea- 
sured more by his compatri- 
ots. Lincoln Asquith, Mike 
McFarlane, Donovan Reid. 

John Regis. Daley Thompson 

acre times at 5,000/10,000m 
to his crediL This will be the 
first excursion on the track at 
1 0km for Davies-Hale and 
Solly. If these three can pro- 
vide' a fast early pace, they 
could well lose the attentions 
of the older men. 

and Ernie Obeng. the Ghana- 
ian who has qualified this year 
to compete for England. 

The 10,000m provides the 
fascination of a contest be- 
tween the experience of Olym- 
pic and Commonwealth 
medal winners. Mike McLeod 
and Nick Rose, with Barry 
Smith against the exuberant 
challenge of youngsters. Paul 
Davies-Hale, Steve Harris and 
Jon Solly. The three men in 
their early 20s are all tremen- 
dous road runners over this 
distance, having beaten some 
of the world's best in the last 
year. But the track is very 
different, as Harris has recent- 
ly discovered with only medi- 


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Wells, incidentally, is due to 
race in Madrid this evening m 
his final attempt to run a race, 
which the Scottish selectors 
will consider worthy enough 
for the inclusion of the veteran 
sprinter in their Common- 
wealth Games team in Wells’s 
native Edinburgh. Said 
Aouita, the Moroccan Olym- 
pic 5.000m champion is also 
due to run in Madrid, in what 
is being billed as an attempt 
on his 1,500m world record, 
which he captured from Steve 
Cram late last season. 

Cram runs the 800m heats 
at Crystal Palace this evening 
in his attempt to win selection 
at both that distance and the 
1.500m for Edinburgh. Sebas- 
tian Coe, on the basis of his 
I.min 45.66sec in Madrid two 
weeks ago, has already been 
pencilled in the England team, 
so Cram’s principal oppo- 
nents will be Peter Elliott and 
Cram’s own training partner, 
David Sharpe. 

One of the best contests of 
the weekend will be the meet- 
ing between John Ridgeon 
and Colin Jackson, first and 
second in the European junior 
1 10m hurdles last year. They 
have both started this season 
in superb form, Jackson dock- 
ing 13.50sec in the Welsh 
championships last weekend, 
and Ridgeon 13.66 in the 
United States last month. 


from Scotland 

By Philip Nicksan 

Just two weeks before the 
close of entries for the judo 
tournament in the Common- 
wealth Games, a tale and 
controversial decision has 
been taken by the Scottish 
organizing committee to in- 
vite two competitors in each 
weight category instead of one. 

The decision followed re- 
quests, by Australia and New 
Zealand, and concern that 
despite participation of at 
least 1 7 countries, some of the 
weight categories are likely to 
be under-subscribed. “The 
main reason is that because 
judo is a demonstration sport 
this year, although it is on the 
official programme in 1990. 
national federations are hav- 
ing to pay the expenses of their 
players themselves." Colin 
Meiver. manager of the Scot- 
tish team. said. 

“But we want 10 ensure that 
July 28 will see a good 
demonstration of judo — espe- 
cially since all the seats in the 
Meadow bank Stadium have 
been sold. However, some 
countries may object to the 
move on the grounds that it 
automatically favours the 
chances of the Home 


The king 
in at the 

From Srikmnar Sen 
Boxing Correspondent 

Las Vegas 

Barry McGuigan having 
broken camp-in Palm Springs, 
where be hie been doing his 
serious training for the defence 
of his World Boxing Associa- 
tion featherweight tide against 
Steve Cruz, of the United 
States, on Monday, has setup 
headquarters at Caesars Pal- 
ace here, where he will put the 
finishing touches to his 

Being totally dependent for 
my knowledge of Roman histo- 
ry on the likes of Cecil B de 
Mfile, I cannot say if any other 
Irish gladiators have ever 
taken over a Caesars Palace, 
but in a suite where the 
centrepiece was an oval bed 
that could bold 10 
McGmgans, and draped with 
yards and yards of sheer nylon 
that fell in a peach shower 
from white Corinthian pillars, 
the champion looked very 
much at home. 

This will be a welcome relief 
to his followers, who will have 
heard reports that he was 
unhappy at Palm Springs, 
what with rumours of a rift 
with his manager, B J 
Eastwood, boots of homesick- 
ness and an ankle injury. All 
that is behind him now. 

He has signed a three-year 
contract with Eastwood and 
his family are with him, 
although they have still to 
arrive here from Palm 

Cruz, though a late substi- 
tute for the original opponent, 
Fernando Sosa, of Argentina, 
who cot an eye in training, has 
been hand-picked by 
McGuigan after be saw the 
Texan in action in his last two 
contests against Tommy Cor- 
dova and Rocky. Garcia, his 
last opponent. 

On the face of it, the contest 
should not go beyond six 
rounds; but being a perfection- 
ist, McGuigan is a worrier and 
he has been concerned about 
being lib lower than his 
fighting weight of 1261b over a 
week ago. It will be remem- 
bered that before he boxed 
Juan Laporte he was having 
sleepless nights; at one point 
he rang up Eastwood from 
Birngor and Eastwood had to 
go over and take him for a 
midnight walk. 

McGuigan spent similar 
sleepless nights before meet- 
ing Eusebio Pedroza for the 
world title and Danilo Cabrera 
in Dublin. It has taken aO the 
guile of. his trainer, Eddie 
Shaw, to allay bis fears. Shaw 
has been fixing the scales so 
that every time be steps on 
them they show 1261b. 

• Cruz, a plumber by trade, 
was mending a pipe in a sewer 
when be was told tint be had 
been given his big chance. He 
has never earned more than 

54.000 and he will be getting 

570.000 for this contest 

It wifi help him get a place 
for himself and his wife of 
three months. Ann, who is 15 
years old and still at school in 
the tenth grade. “I can take 
her wherever she wants to go 
for the honeymoon," he said. 
She wants to go to Disneyland. 


Knees-up for White as she 
joins Eastbourne elite 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Three of Wimbledon's sev- about Miss SabatinL Miss (she studiously walks outside 

en upper seeds will appear in 
today's singles semi-finals of 
the Pilkington Glass champi- 
onships at Eastbourne. They 
will be joined by Robin White, 
a feirrhaired. fun-loving Cali- 
fornian with pale green eyes 
and a dark, brown voice. Miss 
White has .beaten Hana 
Mandlikova and Gabriela Sa- 
baiini in consecutive matches. 

The pairings will be Martina 
Navratilova v Claudia Kohde- 
Kilsch and Helena Sukova v 
Miss White, aged 22. who was 
last seen heading for the golf 
course. Miss White needed a 
break. She had been playing 
and winning more tennis 
matches than she usually does 
at this level. In any case, she 
explained, hitting a ball and 
walking was easier than hit- 
ting a ball and running. 

Miss White's knees needed 
a break, too. She has had 
operations on both and they 
get sore. One was damaged 
while she was skiing, the other 
while she was playing basket- 
ball. She has given up skiing 
but still “messes around" at 
basketbalL which at 5ft 4ftins 
tends to be interesting. “I'm 
too short," she said. “I get beat 
up — elbowed in the head and 
stuff like that”. 

There is a graceful langour 

Fitness for 

Jimmy Connors, who has 
contended with a strained 
groin muscle since he retired 
from the Stella Artois tennis 
tournament final on Sunday, 
is expected to pass his Wim- 
bledon fitness lest. Connors, 
aged 33. sustained the injury 
last Satuiday in his semi-final 
against Robert Seguso, whom 
he will face in the first round 
at Wimbledon on Monday. 

Although Connors beat 
Seguso. he had to leave the 
court in the final on the next 
day against Tim Mayotte, of 
the United States. Connors's 
agem. Ivan Blomberg, said 
yesterday by telephone from 
Washington: “Jimmy is still 
being treated for his injury bnt 
he does not now expect it to ' 
inhibit his play - at 

The Wimbledon referee. 
.Alan Mills, said yesterday that 
he had spoken to Connors 
after a practice session at the 
All England Club and he saw 
no reason why he should not 
-schedule the No. 3 seed to 
play his first match on 

White ignored the grace and 
worked on the langour — with 
drop shots or short, chipped 
returns. "She's not all that 
quick." Miss White said, "and 
she likes the ball. at waist level 
not. short and low: When she 
serves short, you have to use 
the drop and surprise her.” 

Miss Sabatini had two set 
points in the second set but 
was beaten 6-3. 7-5. Deficient 
in the energy and punch grass 
courts demand, she always 
seemed to be one gear below 
top. Often, loo. Miss Sabatini 
hit short and went 10 the net 
without reasonable cause for 
anything except apprehen- 


Bristol report 
Team spirit 

Page 27 
Page 28 
Page 28 

sion. She was tired, she said, 
after a hard match the previ- 
ous day. Miss Sabatini is only 
16 years old, so one assumes 
the tiredness was mental. 

Whatever messages her 
knees were sending her. Miss 
White never looked tired. She 
was always brisk and business- 
like. She confessed, however, 
that her dog-legged return to 
the baseline after changeoveis 


the tramlines and baseline) 
was a superstitious rituaL- 
"Bui once 1 heard the umpire 
say ‘-IS seconds' so I had to 
walk across the court." 

Her next opponent. Miss 
Sukova. had four break points 
against her in the first game 
but then won 19 points out of 
22. which left Larissa Sav- 
chenko with too much to do. 

Etsuko Inoue gave. Miss 
Navratilova some useful 
match practice in preparation 
for Miss Kohde-Kilsch: a 
clash that could he a rehearsal 
for a Wimbledon semi-finaL 
Zina Garrison, who reached 
the Wimbledon semi-finals 
Iasi year, was serving at 4-2 in 
her second set with Miss 
Kohde-Kilsch. but the leaning 
tower , of Saarbnicken would 
not let her go any further. 

But the star of this show — 
other than Devonshire Paris 
itself, basking beautifully in 
the bright heat of summer — 
was the understudy suddenly 
in the spotlight. Miss White 
can hardly believe that life is 
being so good to her. . 


W L Savchenko (USSR}, 6-1, 
Kohde-KBsch (WG) bt Z Garrison 
US) tt G 
6-3, 7-5. M 

(US). 6-2, 7-5; R 
Sabatini- (Ar 

E Inoue (Jap), fc 

Three cheers 

A team 
that is 
a flaw 



The World Cup, alter its 
turgid first round, s becoming 
more exciting by die day: the 
osly disadvantage of which is 
that people may come to 
be&ere that Dr Havdange is 
responsible. With Italy, the 
Soviet linen and Denmark, 
three of the five or six teams 
against whom the “new** En- 
gland would, I. believe, have 
had a hard time, no longer 
around, there is at least the 
possibility that England can 
reach the finaL 
It is, and I have said this 
previously, an average World 
Cop, which ts not to detract 
from England's achievement 
in having woken op, almost by 
accident, after two matches, 
and haring turned the fourth 
to handsome adva ntage after a 
nearly woeful stmt. As the 
local English-language news- 
paper headline had it after the 
Polish rictoryr “Coma Baby 

There is, however, nothing 
comatose about the threat 
which Lineker and Beardsley 
pose to any team. “Don't you 
think they're worried about 
Lineker?" Bobby Robson 
asked when discussing bow 
England might deal with 
M aradona am Sunday. 

Goalkeeper who 
is worth a goal 

With a goalkeeper worth a 
goal in any match, as Shilton 
certainly was on Wednesday, 
and two lively attackers, En- 
gland have the abtfity to 
advance if they can find a 
means 10 check Maradona. 
Some task. 

They did, if you reflect, haft 
Eusebio in the 1966 semi- 
final, and that was done by 
haring Styles shadow him in 
midfield and force him wide, 
and haviqg Moore pick him np 
if he got past Styles. The 
secret was not to tackle him. 
bnt to try to oblige him to get 
ridofthebalLand it wfil be the 
same against Maradona. At- 
tempting to tackle the Argen- 
tinian is tike toying to catch a 
wet bar of soap in a shower. 
Instead, hold off. 

mark Mm means altering your 
own system of play, so it's 
better not to" I fed sure that 
tills is what Dave Sexton, who 
has twice seen Argentina, will 
be advising Bobby Robson. 
England have no player who 
can hope to mark Maradona 
man-for-man. Barrios, 
Uruguay's captain, who was 
one of the best defensive 
muffield players In the compe- 
tition, tried and was overrun. 

It will be interesting to see 
what tactics Carlos Biiardo, 
Argentina's manager, will use. 
Most of the important match- 
es so far have been decided in 
midfield and, Maradona's in- 
fioence apart. Argentina will 
beat England ff they outwit the 
midfield quartet either side of 
the halfway line. This is what 
Spain did to Denmark and 
although that match probably 
turned on the absurd equalizer 
presented by Jesper Olsen, 
Denmark's fizz had lost its 

If Argentina allow England 
to attack them, they could lose; 
but they do not play Uruguay's 
waiting game. Considering all 
three departments of the ream, 
Argentina are probably the 
most complete we have seen. 
All the others have or have 
had at least one shortcoming. I 
have not seen an obvious one 
in Argentina. 

Three members of Britain's 
1985 European pony 
showjumping gold-medal- 
winning team hive been se- 
lected to defend the title in 
San Remo. Italy, from July 3- , « » 

6 . They are vickij Manager guilty 

Letherbarrow, from Warwick- inffarricinn 

shire, who won the individual ‘ IntieUSlOIl 

title. Camille Crow, of Salop, 
and John'Renwick, of Essex. 

The two others are Emma 
Lynch, of Coventry, and Alex- 
andra Newsham, of Cheshire. 

Cohen’s chance 

The next signing for Rang- 
ers could he Ayi Cohen, 
captain of the Israeli interna- 
tional football side. Cohen; 
aged 30 and a defender, was a- 
team-mate of the Rangers' 
manager. Graeme Souness. 
during his Liverpool 
career.Cohen is the captain of 
the. leading Israeli first divi- 
sion dub. Maccabi. Rangers 
say they have had talks with 
the player. 

- Connors: eager to play 

Fox challenge 

Richard Fox. the world 
canoe champion, beads a' 13- 
strong British team .in the 
Slalom Europa. Cup., in 
Mezzana. Italy: on June 28-29 
and . in Seo-de-UrgeL Spain, 
the following weekend. Fox. 
who was awarded an .MBE in 
the Queen's birthday honours 
last week, will be supported by 
the British champions. Jimmy 
Jayes.; Liz Sharman. Martyn 
Hedges and the partnership of 
Chris Anowsmtth and Paul 
Branfc • 

Australia rally 

-Great Britain led Australia 
2-1 in the Third Westwood 
International Croquet Test 
match against Australia- at 
Budieigh Salterton on 
Wednesday. Yesterday the 
Australians started to fight 
back. Alan Cl eland won a tight 
game against Mark Avery by 
+3. He lost the second +26 
TP. The teams were then 
even. David . Openshaw, the 
Great Britain captain, came 
from behind to take the first 
game against Barrie Chambers 
by +4. 'In the third match 
Steve Mulliner. of Great Brit- 
ain. had two balls oh the peg. 
while Damon Bideneope was 
on first; and four-back. 
Mulliner •• roqueted 
BidencbpeTs touching balls 
and inexplicably played a 
canon in which lie sent the 
croqueted ' ball spinning off. 
He lost the game by 2. 

One of E n glan d's -shortcom- 
ings is the continuing indeci- 
sion of the manager, which 
srems a harsh judgement 
when the team have scored six 
goals in two matches. It was 
evident that Reid was in 
difficulty with an injury after 
10 minutes against Paraguay, 
yet the manager did not re- 
place him with Stevens, of 
Tottenha m , until well into the 
second half after the second 
goal, which was risky. 

The reason, it is said, is that 
wanted to stay on the 
field. That is a dangerous 
precedent: the manager has to 

It is not widely known that 
Bryan Robson's £l million 
contract over seven years with 
a boot manufacturer is partial- 
ly conditional upon his con- 
bnu^mteraatioiuil selection. 
Did this explain his misguided 
insistence that he wished to 
Pky the start of the 
tonrnaH1 «rt7 In tern, was the 
influenced by the 
player s apparent enthusiasm? 

TJje manager now has to 
decide what to do about his 
centre backs, with Fenwick 

£** ijF®* suspension. 
Frawick s malign habits could 

HpSBSS SORBS} Solid backing 

Men’s Canadian: M Hedges ® 

(Berta), M Delaney (Avon), D Janes Prudential Insurance have inflame A 
(N Wales). Wo^’s kayak: L provided more than £50.000 really the 

siting be to use Stevem, of Totten- 

K Davies (GtoucsjL Men’s Canaifin 
doubles: C Arrow sm Hh 
Brain (Warwicks). A' Mei 
(Fafldr^/C Brown (Stirling). 

^ftarae Argentina- He is not 
* nswer - This conld 

, «» use Stevens, of Totten- 

championships. which will be ham, if Reid 
held in Lincolnshire from July isimportenl. 

30 to August*- 

‘to. ^ 

V: - 

• kill